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The Gospel Messenger 

"This Gospel of the Kingdom shall bo preached 
in the whole world."— Matt. 24: 14. 

"THY KINGDOM COME "— m.h.smo, Uk. h = 2 

" F'i! w= *", "^!*!° 5"£ ■ • ■ "* •'■""" ol the 
fullness of Christ."— Eph. 4: 13. 


Elgin, JUL, January 7, 1922 

No. 1 

In This Number 

" Editorial— 

On Turning a New Leaf, 1 

A Comforting Fact About Fellowship 1 

Let In Some Fresh Air, 1 

Disarmament and Re-Armament 1 

Among the Churches, g 

Around the World 9 

The Quiet Hour 10 

The Forward Movement — 

Our Prayer „ 5 

Steps in Fellowship 5 

Questions and Answers 5 

Suggestions to the Local Church „ 5 

Contributors' Forum — 

He Careth for You (Poem). By James A. Sell 2 

The Gospel of Initiative. By Ezra Flory 2 

The Victorious Life. By Ira W. Weidler 2 

The Church and the Washington Conference. By D. C. 

Moomaw, 3 

The Untiring Jesus. By Paul Mohler 3 

Sacrifice. By S. Z. Sharp, 3 

Benedictions. By J. H. Longenecker 4 

What Is the Cause of the Dearth of Ministers? By 

Leander Smith 4 

An Adversary or an Advocate? By D. Warren Shock ... 4 

A Thrilling Temperance Address. By Wm. J. Tinkle 5 

The Christian's Hope. By John E. Hohler 10 

The Round Table— 

A Pica for the Lord's Way. By A. B. Coover 6 

The Aftermath. By Archer Wallace 6 

Selection of Church Officers 6 

Conscience. By Cora A. Anderson 6 

A Challenge for Some of Us. By Wilbur Stover, 6 

Home and Family- 
One Winter Eve (Poem). By Edytb Hillery Hay 7 

Lester a Thief.— Number Two. By Elizabeth Rosenberger 

Blough 7 

Conduct Unbecoming. By Lee W. Pollard 7 


On Turning a New Leaf 

Already the new clean page has been turned. What 
are you writing on it? How are you beginning the 
new year? 

The practice of beginning it with prayer, a week 
of prayer, has been urged on Christian people, and has 
found increasing recognition in recent years. How 
does the idea strike you? Have you been praying this 
week a little more, and a little more earnestly, than 
usual? What for? 

In the suggestions offered for the observance of 
this week, the note of confession was strongly em- 
phasized. Confession, too, not in vague and general 
terms, but of concrete things committed or neglected. 
How does that appeal to you? Wouldn't that be a 
strange sort of thing to set down on the clean white 

Think of something else just now. Recall those 
little privations of the war time — the short allowances 
of sugar, white flour and the like. As you look back 
upon them, how do you feel? As if you had really 
endured something? That was real hardship, wasn't 
it? We know what sacrifice means, don't we? 

What if the new year, we have just entered, should 
have such bitter experiences as that stored up for us ! 
Could you stand it? Could you, for the Kingdom's 
sake? Would you be willing to suffer like that for 
the Cause/ 

Do you wonder, by this time, what could have 
started the editorial pen to rambling in such fashion? 
So do we. We wonder if, possibly, it was the unhappy 
experience and prospect of some of our good brethren 
who have been caught in these very recent years by 
the merciless law of action and reaction, and are now 
facing bankruptcy ? Maybe this was it. Anyway, we 
had just been wondering how the world looks, at New 
Year's time, to a man who has been counting his earth- 
ly goods in six figures and now counts it without any. 
It's the same old story, to be sure. What has al- 
ways happened before wasn't going to happen this 
time. This wave of artificial prosperity was going on 
forever, magically transformed into a solid and en- 
during structure. Or, at the worst, the bubble 
wouldn't burst until we got through playing with it. 

The condemned bridge wouldn't go down until after 
we got safely over. And then— 

But we are in no mood for harsh judgment. People 
who have done the same foolish things, though on a 
smaller scale, and those who have been kept from 
doing them only because they had nothing to do them 
with, can well afford to he very humble and charitable 
in their attitude. They will do wisely, perhaps, not 
to talk too much of what they would have done, had 
they been in their brethren's place. 

Yet the material conditions which we face, and of 
which the circumstances cited are a conspicuous ex- 
ample, do urge us all to serious self-questioning. Do 
they point the pertinence, after all, of that suggestion, 
referred to in our third paragraph ? Is confession one 
of the first things to be written on the new page of 
life's book — confession of real sin? 

And isn't that sin some form of worldliness? Didn't 
we come perilously near forgetting God in those fe- 
verish days of rising prices and get-rich-quick chan- 
ces? Didn't some of us actually play the part of 
a Demas — that companion of Paul who, " having loved 
this present world," left Paul in his Roman dungeon 
to comfort himself with his fanatical notions of spir- 
itual values while he hurried over to Thes'salonica to 
get in on the ground floor of the ConsoJidated Achae- 
an and Macedonian Development Company? And 
have not some of us been ensnared by other phases of 
the world allurements, so that our love " for Christ 
and the church" has noticeably cooled? 

Confession is the right word. Let's put it down, 
not the word merely, but the fact, the sin. And then, 
in penitence deep and true, let us ask God -to wash 
it out with a solution of the blood of Christ and the 
tears of his own forgiving love. And then let's tell 
him, and mean it, that if he will trust us any more 
with wealth or health or talent or time or anything, 
we will hereafter always think of him and his Cause. 
And that this year the first-fruits of our strength and 
substance shall be his. 

Have you done that this first week? It isn't too 
late yet. But it will be soon. 

Let's love God more this year and this world less. 
But not less, the world of men Christ died for. 

A Comforting Fact About Fellowship 

Similarity of taste is a prerequisite to fellowship. 
Two persons can not enjoy each other's company un- 
less they like the same things. 

This principle is just as valid in the case of fellow- 
ship with Christ as in that of fellowship between any 
two persons. To have companionship with Jesus you 
must like the things which please him also. 

But there is another fact to be taken account of 
here, and a very comforting fact it is. While this sim- 
ilarity of taste is absolutely indispensable, equal pro- 
ficiency in judgment or attainment is not. One may 
enjoy music which he is quite unable to produce 
himself, or concerning the technique of which he has 
little knowledge. A teacher may find real satisfaction 
in the company of his pupil who is far below him in 
grasp of the subject, provided only the pupil is in- 
terested and hungry for wider knowledge. 

Herein is the solace against that despair which hon- 
est and sensitive souls are tempted to indulge in, 
when they see the chasm between their own Christ- 
likeness and the character of Jesus. They want to 
have deeper fellowship with him and they know that 
there can be no fellowship without a common spirit- 
ual experience. But their experience is so far be- 
low the Master's. 

Yes, but it may be like his in kind, if not equal to 
it in degree. You can enjoy the things which he de- 
lights in and wish that you possessed them in greater 
fulness. And you can seek them more and more. 
You can hunger and thirst after his righteousness. 

And that means that you will be filled, and stay 
filled, with ever-enlarging capacity, if you keep hun- 
gering and thirsting. And that means fellowship, in- 
creasingly intimate fellowship, with Christ. 

Let in Some Fresh Air 

You remember the saying of Henry Ward Beecher, 
or Talmage, or Spurgeon, or whoever it was, about 
sleeping in church. As the story goes, he told his 
chief usher tq come forward at once, whenever he 
saw anybody sleeping, and wake up the preacher. 
The request of a correspondent for some editorial 
remarks on church ventilation, leads us to ob- 
serve that the famous preacher might have added 
the suggestion that if waking the preacher did not 
accomplish the desired result, the usher might try 
opening the window. 

But we can not venture this suggestion without 
interjecting a word of sympathy for the poor janitor 
who is often hard put to it between two fires, not 
counting the one in the furnace. We mean the 
fires of the beseeching looks of those who are pant- 
ing for more air and of the warning shrugs of those 
who shiver in mortal terror lest a bit of that same 
air should strike the backs of their necks. What 
is a conscientious janitor to do in such straits? 

His problem is a hard one, undoubtedly, and the 
more so because our churches have been built, and 
doors and windows arranged, usually, with never a 
thought to such small matters as breathing mate- 
rial. So he must do the best he can. And let him 
be comforted with the knowledge that his task of 
pleasing people of such contrary tastes is no harder 
than the preacher's, who has the same thing to do- 
or take the consequences. 

If we knew more about this subject, we would 
offer concrete suggestions about when and how and 
where to open windows. As it is, we can only urge 
the main point, which is to get them open. We 
would encourage the janitors to run a little risk of 
overdoing the fresh air business, rather than err on 
the other side. It is better that a few of us should 
put on an extra coat and turn up the collar than 
that the whole congregation should be half asleep 
and miss the point of the sermon. Besides, the ser- 
mon is more likely to have a point, if the preacher 
has fresh air to breathe. 

God bless the faithful janitor! He is the preach- 
er's strong ally, and deserves more praise than he 
gets. And will somebody tell him, please, to give 
us air? ■ 

Disarmament and Re-Armament 

Disarmament, to be effective, must always be fol- 
lowed quickly by re-armament — with a better kind of 

Remember the story of the man who was disarmed 
of an evil spirit, and then neglected to fill up the void 
with something better? He didn't stay " empty, swept 
and garnished " very long. 

Let the battleships of open and defiant wickedness 
and the submarines of hypocrisy and stealth and the 
poison gas of slander and evil-speaking — let these be 
scrapped. Good riddance, truly. 

But don't forget, then, to " arm yourselves likewise 
with the same mind " that Christ had. 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 7, 1922 


He Careth for You 

Mmic, "Kingdom Songa," No. 146 

Written for Susanna T. Bergey, of Spring City, Pa., 
on hearing of the death of her husband. 

"Casting all your care upon himi for he careth for you " (1 Peter 5: 7). 
The Savior cares for the contrite souls, 

If they put their trust in him. 
He'll lead them to the glorious light. 

Though their way be dark and dim. 
And when they long for the bliss of peace. 

That the world can never give, 
He draws near to them in tenderest love, 

And shows them how to live. 
Yes. Jesus cares, for he died to save 

The souls that were lost in sin, 
And is waiting now in his home above. 

To give them a welcome in. 
He cares for those who go in his name, 

To tell of his wonderful love, 
How he came to seek and to save the lost, 

When he left his home above. 
Yes, he cares for them and cheers their heart. 

And he makes their burdens light, 
If they trust in him in faith and hope. 

He'll change their faith to sight. 
He cares for his own when dark" clouds low'r 

And their way is dark and drear. 
With a wooing smile and a gentle voice 

He assures his presence near. 
He speaks to the heart in tones of love 

Of a place beyond the skies. 
Where lie has prepared the mansions fair 

And the sunlight never dies. 

He cares for us in the hour of death, 

When the soul shall take its flight. 
He will meet US in the gloomy vale 

As we face the awful night. 
He's prepared for us his mansions fair 

And has opened the portals wide. 
But we all must pass o'er the narrow way 

To our home beyond the tide. 

Hollidaysburg, Pa. 

« ♦ « 

The Gospel of Initiative 

" I have many things to say unto you, but ye are not 
able to bear them now, however when the Spirit of 
truth comes, he will lead you into all the truth " {John 
16: 12, 13). 

The Bible is not a concrete Guide for all our prob- 
lems. It does not give us definite direction about 
trolley cars and railroads. Jesus dealt with principles, 
which were used according to circumstances. In these 
things, the Roman Catholics have done a nice piece 
of work in conceiving a pope, who, to them, is the 
voice of God in human affairs. But they are very 
much without emphasis upon the. Holy Spirit. Their 
tendency is also to depend upon forms and work, 
rather than upon the Spirit, It could hardly be other- 
wise, for one said: "The letter killeth but the Spirit 
giveth life." 

We do not mean that we have an incomplete revela- 
tion. We do need a gospel of initiative, not of sub- 
mission; of hope, not of fear. The Holy Spirit and 
the Book illuminate Christ. Jesus, in the words above 
cited, explicitly declared that he would lead through 
the Spirit, in this Holy Spirit age in which we now 
live. Again lie said: " Lo, I am with you alway, even 
unto the end of the age." How we have neglected 
him! How we have failed to hear him speak today 
in the affairs of life ! " Lo, we have an advocate with 
the Father," and " he ever liveth to make intercession 
for us." The third verse of Hebrews declares: " When 
he had made purification for sins, he sat down on the 
right hand of the Father." Here are bedded the four 
cardinal elements of Christian faith — incarnation, di- 
vinity, atonement, ascension with glorification. The 
last of the four is the crown of them all. We may 
share Christ's presence through the Holy Spirit as 
truly as that of his atonement. We have not a dead 
Christ. He is ever mindful of us, and still speaks to 
us in the duties of life, if we allow him to do so. 

How many have conceived of the church as the 
place where one pays his dues, where we go on Sun- 
day, where denominational observances are held, where 
prayers are said by the minister! Paul declared: 
" The whole creation travaileth and groaneth together 
till now [this Holy Spirit age] waiting the adoption 
of the sons of God." What can this mean but a pas- 
sion of love and brotherliness rather than a ritual or 
formality? The ascension meant the supernatural 
power of the Holy Spirit supplying God's presence, 
and enabling us to live in such communion all our 
life, day by day. Here the Hebrew Christians failed, 
for they were content to live in the elementary truths 
about faith, conversion, and finally a home in heaven. 
Today the church is prone to make the same mistake. 
We have the same share with Jesus on the throne, 
as we have with him on the cross. 

The Holy Spirit is not a motive force but an inner 
appeal. " The Spirit is given to all who obey him." 
This means a surrender to God and not an obedience 
to men's conventions. Again ; the Spirit is given to 
men to profit withal (1 Cor. 10: 7). He is given, so 
that man may do something for God's glory. " He 
will take of mine and show it unto you." When 
Luther declared that he could obey no potentate but 
God, he expressed real Christianity. That was at the 
Diet of Worms. Later, when he declared to Zwingli 
that bread and wine are the real flesh and blood of 
Christ, because the Bible says so, we have Christianity 

. The Holy Spirit spoke to Peter on the Day of Pente- 
cost, and Peter became the mouth-piece of God. 
Later the same Spirit spoke and taught him that " God 
is no respecter of persons, but in every nation he that 
feareth him and worketh righteousness is accepted of 
him." Did not the Spirit speak of slavery? Is he 
not now speaking of disarmament? Know assuredly 
that God wants you to take the initiative, when he 
speaks to you through his Spirit, for he does still 
speak in the affairs of men. 

Elgin, III. _^ 

The Victorious Life 


" But thanks be to God, who giveth us the victory 
through our Lord Jesus Christ. Therefore, my beloved 
brethren, be ye stedfast, unmovable,^ always abounding 
in the work of the Lord, forasmuch as ye know that your 
labor is not in vain in the Lord" (1 Cor. 15: 57, 58). 

If, perchance, any of you, my brethren, have not 
been able to claim this victory over " the world, the 
flesh, and the devil," may I again exhort you, in the 
name of Jesus Christ, our Lord, to seek him yet again 
and renew the covenant of your first love in that 
sacred triune vow, which you made when you were 
kneeling in the stream to receive the holy ordinance 
of baptism. Even as on that first day we arose sin- 
free into the newness of a life with Christ Jesus, our 
Savior, even so now may we annually and oftener 
arise from the sacred' ordinance of feet-washing, 
cleansed anew from any errors or missteps our carnal 
bodies may have caused us to make, renewing our 
first vow and giving ourselves more completely unto 
the ministration of our daily 'companion, the Divine 
Comforter. And having thus surrendered ourselves 
to Jesus, our Lord and Master, that the Spirit may 
guide us all the way to victory, can we keep our part 
of the contract by praying and communing with God 
less than daily, yea, thrice daily, like Daniel of old 
(Dan. 6: 10) ? To this end I beg leave to pray with 
you the great victory prayer of Paul (Eph. 1 : 17-23), 
that we may more fully know the unbounded expanse 
of the power of God, given to the believer through 
Christ Jesus, our Lord, which wondrous power he 
has freely and lovingly given us for the perfection 
and sanctification of the saved, and for the comple- 
tion of the church, the promised bride of Christ, 
whom he shall claim at his glorious second coming. 
But, my beloved brethren, let us not fall into the 
same grievous error that many of our day are com- 
mitting — that of depending for this victory upon our 
own will-power and wisdom. Such faith is of the ad- 
versary and bringeth forth pride and vain boastings, 
like "that of the moralists and Bolshevists of today. 

" If any of you lack wisdom, let him ask of God, that 
giveth to all men liberally, and upbraideth not, and 
it shall be given him. But let him ask in faith, nothing 
wavering. For he that wavereth is like the wave of 
the sea driven with the wind and tossed " (James 1 : 
5, 6). 

The wisdom of God and the saving power of Jesus 
Christ are not comprehended by the minds of mere 
men, neither indeed can be. In proof of this may I 
exhort you to read with me the words of the apostle 
Paul, our first great foreign missionary, as given in 
1 Cor. 2: 1-14. Paul plainly teaches us that he came 
not with flowery words of eloquence, to teach the 
ethics and the principles of the powers of this world, 
which come to nought. Instead, he came in the 
power of God, through the Holy Spirit, to preach 
simply and sincerely the Gospel of Jesus Christ and 
him crucified, that he might, by all means, persuade 
some men to accept the Cross of Christ and become 
partakers with him of that exceeding power and glory, 
for " eye hath not seen nor ear heard, neither have 
entered into the heart of man, the things that God 
hath prepared for them that love him. But God has 
revealed them to us by his Spirit." 

Christ has called us out to be coworkers with him 
— a separate people, having through him and by him 
the victory over all things, that we might, by all God- 
given means, win some souls for Jesus. Thus he may 
save them from the wickedness of this world and keep 
them unto that great day when we shall eat with 
him the marriage supper of the Lamb in his glorious 
and triumphant Kingdom. In the name of Jesus 
Christ, our constant Advocate before the throne of 
the Father, may I exhort you, in all love and fellow- 
ship, to keep the " faith that was once for all delivered 
to the saints " and that, " ye be not unequally yoked 
together with unbelievers." Has not God said that 
if we come out from the world and become a separate 
people, he shall be unto us a father, and we shall be 
his sons and daughters (2 Cor. 6: 17, 18) ? Has not 
our Savior himself said: " I am the vine, ye are the 
branches. He that abideth in me, and I in him, the 
same bringeth forth much fruit, for without me ye 
can do nothing" (John 15: 5)? Let us remember, 
brethren, that we do not work and strive for per- 
fection in the natural man, in order that we may 
be saved. We are saved already when we accept him 
as our personal Savior. Having been baptized, we 
have received the gift of the Holy Spirit, Christ has 
become our Righteousness, and we gladly obey all of 
Christ's commands and holy ordinances, because we 
are saved and because we desire to give ample proof 
to the world that we are saved. Even so, the fruits 
of our good works are as natural to the saved and re- 
deemed in Christ, as the beautiful pink blossoms and 
the luscious fruit are to the well-nurtured peach tree 
(Gal. 5: 22-24). 

When we have surrendered ourselves utterly to 
Jesus, our Savior, the Holy Spirit will take care of 
our works absolutely and completely, and we need no 
more worry about them. We have a wonderful Ad- 
vocate, and for all of us who have accepted him he 
has become our Righteousness, and has promised us 
the victory over all things. The Comforter has prom- 
ised continually to be with us and Jesus himself, be- 
fore the throne of the Father, is daily interceding for 
us against the accusations of Satan, our adversary, 
therefore, with Paul (Rom. 8: 35-39) we can say 
with an assurance that is absolute and unqualified, 
•that there is no creature nor circumstance in heaven 
nor on earth that can " separate us from the love of 
God which is in Christ Jesus, our Lord." 

We, who are elected members of the body of Jesus 
Christ on earth, have an holy calling which shall, in 
the church of the true believers everywhere, be com- 
pleted and perfected, incorruptible and undefiled, unto 
that great day when our Lord shall return and we 
shall live and reign " with Christ a thousand years. 
Therefore, I invoke you, my beloved Church of the 
Brethren, that every one of you strive daily to avoid 
all appearance of evil and to live, at all times, worthy 
of our high calling in Christ Jesus. 

May we diligently minister unto the believers, feed 

the lambs, sustain the faint-hearted, and, above all, 
testify continually of our salvation through Jesus 
Christ, our Lord, that we may be witnesses unto all 
men. Let us be daily at work for the Master, " for 
the time will come when they will not endure sound 
doctrine; but after their own lusts shall they heap to 
themsel ves teachers, having itching ears ; and they 
shall turn away their ears from the truth, and shall 
turn unto fables " (2 Tim. 4: 3, 4). 
IVitinington, N~. C. 

The Church and the Washington Conference 


There is no movement among the nations of the 
earth that is more thriljingly momentous and fraught 
with larger practical, material results than that of 
the International Conference, now in session in the 
City of Washington. Presumably every element in 
the human mentality and psychology will be employed 
to make it the greatest success in any stage of the 
world's history. 

The poor, sad, lost world is hungry — perishing for 
relief from the horrible destruction of carnal war. 
The sacred blood of the millions, slain in the late war, 
cries out from the vast cemeteries of the battle-fields 
for a cessation of war's tragedies, and the rulers of the 
nations anxiously respond to the appeal. The rep- 
utable Christian organizations, seemingly, are striv- 
ing toward the same goal, and it is not antagonistic 
to a sane, rational interpretation of the Immaculate, 
Immortal Word as given in the Gospels, to say that 
we — the afore-mentioned organizations — have the 
only remedy that will meet the issue. 

The purpose of the conferees to launch the 
scheme of disarmament, because of its obvious eco- 
nomic, industrial, political results, will not avail. His- 
tory shows that such motives alone will not bring the 
desired results. 

The motive must be based on the uncontradicted 
fact, that war is the work of the devil, and that it 
is prohibited by every thought, word and act of our 
Savior, as we have these recorded in the New Testa- 
ment. The material features are merely supplemen- 

The success of the Great Conference is wholly de- 
pendent on the attitude of the churches. It can 
not succeed without their direct action in its behalf, 
any further than anything can prevail without the 
sanction of our God, and they are the only representa- 
tives of God in this world. 

The church can cause wars to cease, whenever it 
functions by the inspiration of the Holy Ghost, in the 
effulgent light of the immaculate Word. 

Had it actecHn that spirit, the great, murderous, Sa- 
tanic world war would never have come. If the 
church will proceed now in that spirit, there will never 
be another war. If she does not, then every drop of 
blood, every death on the battle-field or in the camps, 
every dollar of the Lord's mcmey that is wasted in 
future wars, will be laid at the church's door. Note 
the challenge: "If the watchman see the sword com- 
ing on the land, and he fail to warn the people, the 
people will perish and their blood will be required at 
the watchman's hands." Note the following formula 
as the only one that will have the favor of our Lord: 

Let the religious organizations of the world pro- 
claim a day of fasting and prayer for the blessing of 
God on the work of the Conference. In this service, 
let them confess their great sin in their failure, here- 
tofore, in not preaching the doctrine of love and 
peace and forgiveness of enemies, and their great sin 
in preaching .the Satanic message of hate and war 
from their pulpits and press. Let them take the 
solemn vow to make the doctrine and practice of love 
and peace and good will a condition of membership 
in their organizations, of equal spiritual value as the 
doctrine of the divinity of Jesus Christ. 

As a sufficient warrant for these suggestions, let 
the readers of the Messenger note the following sub- 
lime passage in the immortal prayer of King Solomon, 
1 at the dedication of the holy temple in Jerusalem, re- 
/ corded in 1 Kings 8: 35, 36: 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 7, 1922 

" When heaven is shut up, and there is no rain, 
because they have sinned against thee; if they pray 
toward this place, and confess thy name, and turn 
from their sin, when thou afflictest them: Then hear 
thou in heaven, and forgive the sins of thy servants, 
and of thy people Israel, that thou teach them the 
good way wherein they should walk, and give rain 
upon thy land, which thou hast given to thy people." 

Prayers for divine help in times of trouble are 
contingent for success on our confession and pledge 
to purge our sins. It has always been so and will be 
to the end of the age. 

Roanoke, Va. 

The Untiring Jesus 


With the most of us, a day of unusual exertion is 
likely to be followed by a period of comparative re- 
laxation. This is especially true if our husy day has 
been a successful one. It did not seem to be that way 
with Jesus. 

After the very busy Sabbath, described in Mark 
1 : 21-34, one might think that Jesus was entitled to 
relax a little, to think over what he had done. There 
must have been much ground for satisfaction over 
what he had accomplished in Capernaum. How pleas- 
ant to He in bed, the morning after, and to dwell on 
the happy scenes of the day before! I presume the 
disciples did just that, but when they looked around 
for Jesus, they found that he had gone. No lying in 
bed for him that day. He had other things in mind. 

Mark tells us that he had risen early — a great while 
before day. For what did he arise? Answer that and 
you have the key to his character and his life of 
achievement. Was he hunting the reporters, to in- 
sure a full report of the events of the day before? Was 
he out foraging for the day's supplies ? I think he was 
— not for food for his body, but in search of strength 
for his soul. Notice what Mark says : " He rose up' 
and went out and departed into a desert place and 
there prayed." Show me the man that rises before day 
to pray, and I will show you a man that has power — 
sustained power. He is the man that withstands 
temptation, overcomes inertia, sets the devil flying, and 
leads the forces of righteousness. 

His work of the day before had given Jesus the 
hearts of the people. In that community it would 
have been easy to work. If he had preached there that 
day, he would have found a hearty response. Every 
public worker knows how easy it is to preach to a re- 
sponsive audience and how hard it is to open work in 
a new place. I suppose every evangelist who leads 
a successful revival effort in any church, wishes that 
he might stay right there, just as long as the people 
respond. It is so much easier than opening a new 

When the disciples found Jesus, they said: "All 
are seeking thee." No trouble about the response 
there. Everything was open before him. If he had 
faced that audience, he would have found preaching 
easy. But what did he say? " Let us go elsewhere 
into the next towns, that I may preach there also; 
for to this end came I forth." 

Was he wise in this? Would it not have been better 
to remain right there until the work was completed? 
If not, why not? Suppose you had been one of his 
disciples. Suppose that on you were laid the task of 
establishing and extending the church after the de- 
parture of the Lord. Which would have been easier 
for you — to go into a community where the Lord had 
been, where he had performed a miracle, where he 
had taught the people, or to go where he was un- 
known? Do you see now why the Lord went else- 
where to preach — to open the way for his disciples' 
later work? 

Mark says that he " went into their synagogues 
throughout all Galilee preaching and casting out de- 
mons." It was a regular, steady, aggressive campaign 
— winning his way into the synagogues, overcoming 
prejudices, warming cold hearts, quickening seared 
consciences. It was hard work and a heavy responsi- 
bility, wearying to body and mind. Through it all, Jesus 
forged straight ahead without cessation. Drudgery? 

Of course it was — much of it. Over and over and 
over again, he must have taught the same lessons, em- 
phasized the same truths. All of his tact, skill, insight, 
patience, love and nerve force were necessary in meet- 
ing hundreds of situations. Never was there a mo- 
ment without its responsibility. Only a man of the 
strongest physique could have stood it. 

And Jesus was subject to weariness. He was 
wearied by a certain journey. He rested by Jacob's 
well. He fainted under the burden of the cross. He 
was tempted in weariness — just as we are. But he did 
not neglect his duty. He worked, toiled and strove 
to do the will of God as it was committed to his 

Perhaps the greatest cause of cessation of labor, 
by God's servants today, is lack of appreciation on the 
part of the people. Men get to thinking that others 
do not care to hear them talk, so they quit talking, 
when they ought to continue talking — for the truth. 
Jesus came to the time when his disciples— most of 
them — did not appreciate his teaching, yet he did not 
stop. Some of us stop because of opposition and criti- 
cism; Jesus did not. Some stop because they are 
poor; Jesus did not, though he was poorer than any 
of us. How many have ceased activity because of 
the attitude of friends and kindred; Jesus toiled on, 
although his own brethren did not believe in him. 
Some are afraid of suffering; Jesus set his face 
toward Jerusalem, although he knew it meant cruci- 
fixion and death. Too-many are quitting because of the 
general corruption of the times. The times were very 
corrupt then — very much more so than anything we 
know now — yet Jesus did not waver, but kept right 
at work. His motto was : " My Father worketh even 
until now and I work." 

Again, I say: The secret of his character and suc- 
cess lay in that early morning departure to pray. He 
says: "The Son docth nothing of himself, hut what 
he seeth the Father doing." " For the Father lpveth 
the Son, and showeth him all things that himself 
doeth." When did the Father show him what were 
his own lines of activity? Was it not in the hours of 
prayer?. Was Jesus not simply getting the vision of 
the work of the day in that early hour in the desert? 
Was it not then that he saw that he should not ahide 
in that place but go to other towns to preach? 

How often we might be found doing different things 
and so much better things, if we had that early morn- 
ing vision! Is it enough for us to follow our own 
good intentions? Has God promised to bless us in our 
own plans? Have we a right to expect it? Jesus has 
shown us the better way. 

Oroville. Wash. 



The word sacrifice, in its broadest sense, implies 
giving up something valuable. Its practice has per- 
meated the religion of the human race and human ac- 
tivities from the beginning of the race until now. 

1. Its origin. — It is a debatable question whether 
is is of divine or human origin. Where did Cain and 
Abel get the idea of worshiping God by means of a 
sacrifice? Bishop Butler says that, of a thousand dif- 
ferent ways in which to worship God, the idea of a 
sacrifice might not have been one of them. When 
" God made for Adam and for his wife coats of skins 
and clothed them," he sacrificad the lives of animals. 
There is something significant in the shedding of the 
blood of animals, to hide the sin and shame of our 
first parents, for " without the shedding of blood there 
is no remission of sins." The blood that was shed for 
the benefit of Adam and Eve, was but a hint of the 
blood to be shed for the sins of the whole world. The 
reason, why Abel's offering was more acceptable than 
Cain's was, (1) that it contained the idea of the 
great sacrifice to be made by Christ; (2) that it was 
of " the firstlings of the flock," incorporated in the 
law, later on, and of God sacrificing his Best Gift for 
the redemption of man. There is, therefore, a strong 
intimation that sacrifice is of divine origin. 

2. The History of Sacrifice. — We do not know 

(Continued on Page 10) 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 7, 1922 



I remember how, years ago, at the close of the 
regular church services, some of our old brethren 
used to pronounce a benediction: " Dcr Herr segne 
wis and bchiite tins. Dcr Herr lasse sem Angesicht 
Icuchtcn iiber uns. Dcr Herr schenke uns den sett- 
lichen und allermeist den ewigen Seelen Frieden, 
durch Jcsimi Christum, unsern Herrn. Amen." 
Translated this reads: " The Lord bless us, and keep 
us. The Lord make his face shine upon us. The Lord 
give us peace in time, and, above all else, the eternal 
peace for the soul, through Jesus Christ, our Lord. 

I was in the church a good many years before I 
learned that this was a violation of a rule, given by 
Annual Meeting. See "Revised Minutes," Art. 3, 
1851, page 143. 

Last year's Conference decided to relieve the new 
" Minute Book " of some decisions, made obsolete by 
common practice and consent, and this ruling was 
considered as being one of them. 

Annual Meeting now being silent on the subject, it 
behooves us to give the more earnest heed to the 
Word, " which liveth and abideth forever." 

1. Wc note that both under law and under grace, 
benedictions have been pronounced by servants of 
God : " And the Lord spake unto Moses, saying, Speak 
unto Aaron and unto his sons, saying, On this wise- 
ye shall bless the children of Israel, saying unto them, 
The Lord bless thee, and keep thee : The Lord make 
his face shine upon thee, and be gracious unto thee: 
The Lord lift up his countenance upon thee, and give 
thee peace. And they shall put my name upon the 
children of Israel: and I will bless them" (Num. 6: 
22-27). " And Aaron lifted up his hand toward the 
people and blessed them" (Lev. 9: 22-23). 

In Luke 24: 50, 51, we are told that Jesus led the 
disciples out as far as to Bethany and lifted up his 
hands and blessed them. " And it came to pass while 
he blessed them, he was parted from them, and carried 
up into heaven." 

At the parting moment, when Paul had that solemn 
meeting with the elders from Ephesus, he said: " And 
now, brethren, I commend you to God and to the word 
of his grace, which is able to build you up, and to 
give you an inheritance among all them* which are 
sanctified " (Acts 20: 32). Also, at the close of each 
of his epistles, he gives some form of benediction, 
prominent among them the one in 2 Cor. 13: 14: 
" The grace of the Lord Jesus Christ, and the love 
of God, and the communion of the Holy Ghost, be 
with you all. Amen." 

2. We can readily see that the blessings, mentioned 
in the passages, quoted above, were, without exception, 
asked upon God's people only. Aaron was commanded 
to bless Israel. Jesus blessed the disciples. Paul in- 
voked God's blessing upon the ciders and upon the 
saints, and " on all them that " love our Lord Jesus 
Christ in sincerity." 

3. It is obvious that God pronounced a curse on 
all those who love not the Lord, and are disobedient 
to his holy word : " Cursed be he that confirmeth not 
all the words of this law to do them. And all the 
people shall say, Amen" (Deut. 27: 26). " He that 
believeth not the Son shall not see life ; but the wrath 
of God abideth on him " (John 3 : 36). " I said there- 
fore unto you, that ye shall die in your sins : for if 
ye believe not that I am he, ye shall die in your sins " 
(John 8: 24). 

"If any man^love not the Lord Jesus Christ, let 
him be Anathema Maran-atha " (1 Cor. 16: 22). A 
translation of these words, we are told, would read, 
" Let him be accursed, the Lord cometh." 

Because of the foregoing considerations and plain 
scriptures, will not the man of God do well (when 
he knows his congregation is made up of two classes, 
the saved and the unsaved) to have his benediction 
carefully worded, in order to make sure that he is in 
harmony with the mind and will of God? God will 
not grant " the communion of the Holy Ghost " to the 
one who lives in sin, and upon whom the curse has 
been pronounced. 

God, however, does ask that his children pray for 
" all men, that they may be saved, and come unto the 
knowledge of the truth." Pray that their eyes may be 
opened, and that they may turn from darkness unto 
light, and from the power of Satan unto God, that 
they may receive forgiveness of their sins, and an 
inheritance among them which are sanctified, by faith 
in Christ. 

Palmyra, Pa. .-«_ 

What Is the Cause of the Dearth of Ministers? 


It is very evident, from the number of calls com- 
ing from different parts of our beloved Brotherhood, 
that there is a scarcity of ministers who are available 
for church work. This matter is worthy of our most 
prayerful consideration. We ought to consider what 
is expected of the minister, and what his duties are. 
In the first place, it is expected that ministers of 
the Gospel are sound as to church principles. They 
must be men whose hearts are purified by divine 
grace, and whose sentiments are derived from the 
Sacred Oracles of Divine Truth. A minister without 
principles will never do any good, and he who pro- 
fesses to believe in a system, should see to it that it 
accords with the Word of God. 

Ministers should be mild and affable as to their 
disposition and deportment. They should learn to 
bear injuries with patience, and be ready to do good 
to every one. They should be courteous to all, with- 
out cringing to any. They should be affable without 
levity, and humble without pusillanimity. They should 
conciliate without violating the truth. Suavity of 
manners should be combined with a dignity of charac- 
ter. They should be obliging without flattery, and 
throw off all reserve, without running into the op- 
posite extreme of volubility and trifling. 

Their Duties. The ministers are the " life-giving 
waters of civilization." They keep ever bright the 
" vision before us," as the torch-bearers. " Without 
vision the people perish." 

Today the most of our ministers, in the pulpits, are 
not receiving a sufficient amount of remuneration, to 
provide for their mental equipment. Preparing two 
sermons for every Sunday is far from being all they 
have to do. They must study the needs of the com- 
munity, of the church, and of each individual member 
of the church, in addition to performing a thousand 

Once I attended the funeral of a mother of four 
small children. The minister had been daily by her 
side. To his care she was leaving the future pro- 
vision for her little ones — another duty in his already 
busy life. 

Slowly he walked down the aisle with the little 
orphans, who followed him like children follow their 
father. His heart was too full for words to express. 
He did his duty as the great Carpenter-Leader of 
Galilee had done it before him. 

In the afternoon this same minister had to stand be- 
fore a company of educated people, and make an ad- 
dress. This required time and thought, in needed 
preparation, to say something appropriate to the sub- 

That evening, at eight o'clock, I entered the same 
church, still fragrant with the funeral flowers of the 
morning. Soon this same minister walked slowly 
down the aisle, followed by many happy hearts. 

Sitting there before him, as he conducted the serv- 
ice, this thought came to me: A minister who fails to 
have nerves of steel and muscles of iron, can not 
stand the strain and stress of it all. Very few can 
drive- their brain at high pressure, from twelve to 
fifteen hours out of every twenty-four, without find- 
ing themselves nervous wrecks. 

This kind of work is not unusual in the life of a 
faithful minister, but it is only one of his daily units 
in the sum of his multiplex duties. 

Nowadays the people require the best there is in the 
minister, and still he does not have the response he 
should have from his members. No matter how small 
his remuneration, the minister is supposed to lead in 
the intellectual, social and philanthropical life of the 

We are all aware of the fact that, with the decay 
of the pulpit and the decline of the church, society will 
suffer an immeasurable loss — the more astounding be- 
cause of the influence of the church and its religious 
outreach in this great country of ours. 

The church is a rock in " life's weary land." Here 
we find healing for hurt hearts. Life is full of strife 
and conflicts. Troubles roll over the earth like sheeted 
storms on the mighty deep. Here is where we take 
our joys and sorrows. We look to the minister as the 
great pillar of fire by night, and as a cloud by day, 
guiding the weary pilgrims through this wilderness, 
as in the days of old. / 

It is hard for a minister to point to the higher 
ideals without hurting some one's feelings or wounding 
their hearts, as they are transforming their character 
and lives. 

No minister can stand before his people, with only 
soft words on his lips, to avoid hurting some one's 
feelings. If he does, he never reaches the heart of the 

It is very plain that something is going wrong in 
society, and " whatever the future may hold in store 
for the ministry, the past, at least, is secure," and 
the people will ever look to the pulpit as their hope, 
their friend, and their guide. 

If the church could only appreciate the duties per- 
formed by the ministry, I believe that the members 
would try to carry out Paul's advice in 1 Thess. 5 : 
12, 13. This would mean cooperation in the Lord's 
work. It would be an incentive to young men to pre- 
pare for the ministry. 

The requirements of the age show that a greater 
work is before the church than she has yet ventured 
to encounter, even in imagination. Let our members 
arise to a study of their duty, in matters pertaining 
to God and man! 

Council Bluffs, Iowa. 

An Adversary or an Advocate? 


The Christian is the object of hate and hounding, 
on the part of an adversary. This adversary is the 
devil. Says Peter: " Your adversary, the devil, goeth 
about as a roaring lion, seeking whom he may de- 

These words reveal to us that any who will walk 
w ell -pleasing to God, and contend for the Word 
of God, will come under his wrath and displeasure. 
Satan is a liar — there is no truth in him. As Christ 
typifies the truth, the devil typifies the lie. He is a 
murderer — he was this from the " beginning," and he 
will be less at the ending. As Christ is the Life-Giver, 
Satan is the life-taker. He is a " slanderer " and 
an " accuser." He is that " old devil and serpent that 
deceived them." 

How well the Holy Spirit describes him when he 
calls him a " roaring lion seeking whom he may de- 
vour " 1 

A well-known Christian worker spent some months 
in Africa. Said he : " There are beasts in Africa that 
lie in wait for life — the lion, the leopard and hyena. 
The hyena does not devour. The hyena disembowels 
his victim, feeds on the vitals, and the brutish nature is 
satisfied. The leopard does not devour. He desires 
but the blood of his victim. Subtle and sneaking, he 
waits for his prey, strikes for the jugular vein, and 
feeds on the blood of the victim's body. The lion 
devours. He leaves no portion of the body. Bones, 
blood and all are consumed by him. He is a roaring 
lion that ' devours.' " This is Peter's figure of the 
devil. He is an adversary. He seeks to devour and 
to destroy. , 

We have an adversary but we have also an Advo- 
cate. An advocate is one who goes to court and who 
is there present in behalf of his client. He meets 
every accusation, and sees to it that it does not result 
in condemnation. Says the Epistle of John: "We 
have an advocate with the Father." There Christ is 
now — with the Father. 

An advocate intercedes in behalf of his client. He 
reaches the ear of the highest throne in his client's 
behalf. Jesus Christ is both Advocate and Interces- 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 7. 1922 

sor. An advocate holds a legal position; an inter- 
cessor claims a priestly prerogative. He is there for 
any need that may, at any time, arise. He is there 
in the presence of God for us. He is seated at the 
right hand of God. He can be found. The way is 
open unto him. 

Thanks for the clear teaching! In the Gospel we 
know " where he is," where his " seat is," where we 
can find him, in order that we may place our " cause 
before him." Christ has actually gone into heaven — 
11 locality, a place — and " has sat down at the right 
hand of God." There he may be found. His ad- 
vocacy is as real as his atonement. His advocacy is 
the result of his atonement. The presence of Christ 
in the heavens is the dismissal of the case against us. 
How can charge be made against those whom God 
does not hold guilty? If God, who justifieth, can not 
find a charge, and if Christ, who died and is risen, 
can not find a charge, there is no charge, and where 
there is no charge, there is no case. 

The presence of Christ in heaven rules out all 
charges against the believer. They died in him. They 
were buried with him. They are raised with him. 
They are seated with him. The intercession of Christ 
consists in his answering all the accusations which 
Satan advances. Satan is the accuser of the brethren. 
He accuses them before God day and night, but no 
charge can be urged against them, for their Advocate 
is well qualified to answer. He is well aware of all 
that Satan intends "to advance. He is never off guard. 
Satan never finds him asleep. The subtlety of the 
accuser can not perplex the Advocate. Satan's au- 
dacity does not intimidate Christ, nor does his perti- 
nacity exhaust Christ's patience or power. 

We have an adversary, a slanderer and an accuser 
of the brethren, but the Advocate will meet every ac- 
cusation' of the accuser, and put to silence his every 
slander ! With an adversary on the earth, what con- 
fidence to know that there is an Advocate in the 
heavens ! 

Girard, 111. ~+- 

A Thrilling Temperance Address 


Capt. Richmond P. Hobson delivered an address 
in our town which contained many statements of in- 
terest to Messenger readers. It was he who, while 
in Congress, introduced the first resolution for na- 
tional prohibition. 

Captain Hobson has made extended research con- 
cerning the effects of alcohol, and he exposes its bane- 
ful effects as only a man of science can do. There 
is no need to talk about any nutritive value of alco- 
hol, for it is only the loathsome emanation of a germ. 
It poisons all organisms but harms man most — he 
being the highest type of organism. Likewise it 
poisons chiefly the most vital part of man — the re- 
productive organs — and so causes the race to degen- 

The following experiment has been carried out and 
can be verified by any one : Healthy guinea pigs were 
taken and fed alcohol enough for several weeks to 
cause the first signs of drunkenness. While the adult 
guinea pigs showed no bad results, when they repro- 
duced, there were many abortions, many still births, 
many cripples, and much pain in labor. The off- 
spring which seemed to be normal, produced abnor- 
mal young, and the families that survived to the 
fourth generation were sterile. In the same way al- 
cohol causes our own race to degenerate. 

The liquor forces of the world have concentrated 
on America. Full well they know that if America 
remains dry, other nations will follow her example. 
In Scotland the first vote, ever taken on this issue, 
resulted in a forty per cent vote for a dry country. 
Consequently we have an organized effort, backed 
by almost limitless resources, to nullify the Eighteenth 
Amendment. The liquor forces have a good part of 
the press back of them, reporting a crime wave and 
charging it to prohibition, when, in fact, that wave 
does not exist. We have the figures now for the past 
year, showing that the crime record in New York 
State is only fifty-one per cent of what it was during 
the previous year. Several Chicago courts have been 

closed for want of business. A big decrease is shown 
in California, and in other States as well. 

Too long have we stood by, while laws and ordi- 
nances were violated, but when ruthless men try to 
trample under foot the Constitution of the United 
States, it is time to call a halt. If we allow such 
lawlessness to go unchecked, all law and order tot- 

ters. Who will fight these foes of our country? The 
organization that has fought them so successfully in 
the past — " The World League Against Alcoholism," 
of which the Anti-Saloon League is the American 
branch. That organization has shown itself worthy 
of our support. - 
Portland, Ind. 

The Forward Movement Department 

Conducted by the General Director, Chas. D. Bonsack 

fiDur ptapcc 

We pray for our ministers and teachers of thy truth 
that they may be given wisdom and power to present 
thy will in all simplicity and clearness, that men every- 
where may understand thee as their Father. We feel 
so incompetent to measure the greatness of thy love 
and the majesty of thy grace. We find it so easy to 
wander in the paths of trivial matters, and to neglect 
the weightier matters of thy truth. Forgive us and start 
us out into other paths of ministry and service, so that 
men may cease to see us, but see rather the marvels of 
thy glory in Christ Jesus, and seek to find forgiveness 
and strength in him whose sacrificial love has opened 
again the door to sonship and brotherhood to all who 
believe. In Christ's name we ask it. Amen. 

Steps in Stewardship 

The earth did not belong to my an- 
cestors ; they could not give it to me. 

It will not belong to my children; I 
cannot bequeath it to them. 

It does belong to God; he entrusts a 
share of its care to me. I am his stew- 

Stewards are not required to be 
wealthy or brilliant; but they are re- 
quired to be faithful. 

The tithe is an acknowledgment that 
all I have belongs to God. I am his 
debtor. The tithe is not a free-will of- 
fering. It is a debt to God for his work. 
To withhold it is to rob God. By care- 
fully observing stewardship in financial 
matters, I become a faithful steward of 
God's property. Stewardship includes 
the use of all talents for God. 

One generation of Christians influ- 
ences the coming generations, and the 
number of Christian servants and Chris- 
tian workers will increase. 

One-tenth of the income received by 
each one hundred Christians, will equip 
for Christian service and adequately 
maintain, at least ten who are called to 
devote all their time to God's service. — 

Is it fair to secure a pastor and pay him, when many 
of our older brethren labored for nothing? 

Of course, it is not. Neither is it fair to have elec- 
tric washers now, when our mothers used the old 
wash-board — nor automobiles when our fathers walked 
many miles to church. But the average parent, who 
loves the home, is glad to see his children improve 
over their own experience in methods, whenever it 
blesses the home and honors God. So it is with these 
splendid and great fathers of the church, who have 
made such large contributions to the work without 
pay. . It may keep the average pastor busy to do as 
well in these days-^because of social and economic 
conditions — giving all his time, as our fathers ac- 
complished while they provided their own living. 
There are so many duties and temptations now. It 
is not a matter of preaching every few weeks, but it 
is a matter of organization and constant pastoral care 
that requires the best that is in any man. Simply to 
support a man will not solve the question; but the 
man that stimulates a church to activity and organizes 
it to be an efficient force in the community for God 
and the salvation of men, will deserve and receive 
the support of all who have the prosperity of the 
church of Christ at heart. 

Questions and Answers 

Why does it require so much more money to run the 
church now than formerly? 

Mostly because of changes in economic conditions. 
The more dense the population, the more conveniences 
and improvements we have, the more money we will 
make and, consequently, there is more used and spent 
in every line. In the days when the mother was the 
only teacher and the home the only school and church, 
we made but little money and needed but little. Then 
we gave more time for service— visiting the sick, help- 
ing the neighbors, ministering to the children in 
clothes, teaching and fellowship, thus reducing the 
chances of making money as well as the need for it. 
Now life is being converted into money-making and 
money-spending machines, and since money now rep- 
resents all of our life-energy, if it is not given to the 
church and the Kingdom, it will be given to the flesh 
and the devil. The church is, therefore, right in 
asking for more, and should expect it from all who 
love the Lord and righteousness. 

Suggestions to the Local Church 

How about organising the congregation to visit 
the entire neighborhood, some Sunday morning or 
afternoon? This might be a good substitute for the 
morning worship, sometime. Big-hearted Christian 
folks, turned loose in any community for a few hours, 
ought to be a great blessing, if wisely planned and 
devoutly prayed for beforehand. 

The most of our young people are religious, even 
though they have unusual ways of showing it. Get 
their viewpoint, then teach them, in the spirit of 
comradeship, the ways of faith and service for God. 
Nothing pays such returns of profit as to direct the 
young people into ways of usefulness. That is the 
reason why the devil has been studying the young 
folks all these years. He knows they are seeking 
guidance and that they will be what you make them. 
Let us " be as wise as serpents " ! 

Many congregations would find it advantageous to 
divide their territory into several sections. See that 
each section is organized, as well as possible, to visit 
. homes,- and to develop the Christian fellowship there- 
in, hold prayer meetings, get names of families and 
children for Sunday-school, and acquaint the pastor 
or elder with those whom he should visit. This not 
only gives something to do, but develops leadership, 
provides for neglected visiting, and in the friendly 
competition between the sections, there is given added 
zest to do the work that is so often neglected. 

Try an Old Folks' Meeting sometime. Sing the old 
hymns and employ the old methods of doing things. 
The older people may prefer the young and middle- 
aged to look after the services, usually, but we need 
the viewpoint of the aged ones, and into such a meet- 
ing they can enter with more zest. We all will, some 
.day I Have them give some of their earlier exper.ence 
in church work. This will give you important his- 
tory that will otherwise be forgotten. It will steady 
the young folks to listen to" these pioneers of the 
cross. It will give variety to the hours of worship, 
and strengthen the bond of good fellowship. 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 7, 1922 


A Plea for the Lord's Way 

BY A. B. C00VER 

Our Christian Workers' Programs, recently, have 
doubtless contributed much to strengthen our faith in 
God and his church. We prize them highly, especially 
in teaching loyalty. Loyalty to God should be first, 
then, also, loyalty to his church — our brethren and 
sisters who are not yet perfect, and yet are called 
saints (Philpp. 1:1). 

Now don't congratulate yourself particularly that 
you have among your closest friends only consecrated 
brethren and sisters, and that, in consequence, your 
set is very loyal, possibly making a great showing in 
church work. True loyalty to him will search out 
your heart, to know your attitude to the chief est sin- 
ner. And how much sacrifice can you make to save 
the offender? " If ye love them which love you, what 
reward have ye? Do not the publicans the same?" 

Oh, what an enemy is self! All the time it is as- 
serting itself, when the life is not " hid with Christ 
in God." Brethren and sisters,.- let us take up our 
cross daily ! All too often we are disloyal to even the 
principles of his Kingdom, for we so often want to 
do the Lord's work in our own way and time. Yes, 
we even elaborate on our plans in prayer to God, and 
then ask him to give us success, but listen: " Whatever 
ye shall ask in my name, that will I do" (John 14: 
13). " Where two or three are gathered together in 
my name." 

Rest assured that when his way is taken, in all 
things, then will we be used for his glory- whether it be 
a lowly task or an exalted one. Let " God work in you 
to will and to do of his good pleasure" (Philpp. 2: 
13). " We . . . pray for you . . . and de- 
sire that ye might be filled with the knowledge of his 
will in all wisdom and spiritual understanding; that 
ye might walk worthy of the Lord, unto all pleasing, 
being fruitful in every good work, and increasing in 
the knowledge of God; strengthened with all might, 
according to his glorious power, unto all patience and 
longsuffering with joyfulness; giving thanks unto the 
Father, which hath made us to be partakers of the 
inheritance of the saints in light. . . . As ye have 
therefore received Jesus Christ the Lord, so walk ye 
in him" (Colossians). 

Grants Pass, Ore. 

The Aftermath 


The attempt to clean up Belgium and Northern 
France is proving more difficult than even the experts 
imagined. Not in this generation — perhaps not in this 
century — we are told, will these countries have effaced 
the physical effects of war. We do not need to be told 
that the physical effects are the least difficult to eradi- 
cate. The aftermath of the war in other directions 
will be felt for centuries. 

A well-known English essayist maintains that life 
would be much more enoyablc for humanity in gen- 
eral, if people could be taught to take some stock of 
"The Aftermath of Conduct." If we could be made 
to think, not of the immediate pleasure, the temporary 
gratification of an appetite, but rather of the state of 
mind in which such things are bound to leave us, then 
there would not be so many heartaches and failures. 

The aftermath of the pleasure seeker is generally 
one of disappointment and pessimism. The purest and 
most abiding joys of life come to us, not by selfishly 
seeking enjoyment, but rather by seeking to put some- 
thing of spiritual value into the lives of others. 

The tragedy of sin is in its aftermath. Some one 
has said that the best thing that can happen to a youth, 
when he begins to gamble, is for him to lose his first 
bet. A win at the outset seems to him to guarantee 
future success. It is the masterpiece of evil that it 
conceals the future and prevents the sinner from look- 
ing ahead and making calculations which would awak- 
en conscience. 

It can be said of every form of wrongdoing: " In 
the end it biteth like a serpent and stingeth like an 

In that very delightful story, told in the second 
chapter of John's Gospel, which recounts Christ's pres- 
ence at the marriage in Cana of Galilee, that which 
impressed John was the remark of the ruler of the 
feast, after he had tasted the water made wine: 
" Every man at the beginning doth set forth good wine ; 
and when men have well drunk, then that which is 
worse; but thou hast kept the good wine until now." 

In a life of sin, the best conies first. In the service 
of Christ the best comes last. " The path of the just 
is as the shining light which shineth more and more 
unto the perfect day." Christ does not reveal all his 
treasures at once, but there is an unfolding of his 
riches as the years pass. If this be true, as far as this 
world is concerned, we may rest assured that it will 
also be true when we consider the life that is to be. 
As Christians we believe in immortality; we believe 
that death. is not a wall but rather a door leading to 
untold happiness. We believe that the aftermath of 
the Christian life will be such that we shall say to him : 
" Lord, thou hast kept the best wine until now." 

Toronto, Canada. 

Selection of Church Officers 

Much more care, than is usually manifest, should 
be exercised in the selection of the officers of the 
church. This exceedingly important work is fre- 
quently done without much reference to their fitness. 
They are chosen because they are prominent in the 
community, because they have money, because their 
wives are zealous church members, because they would 
feel slighted if not put on the board — and from many 
other such considerations. Any organization that 
would proceed on such a method would break down 
very quickly. 

The first requirement for church officers is charac- 
ter, and the next that they be full of the Holy Spirit. 
A church officer without character is to the church 
like the stone about the neck of the swimmer. It is 
a great thing to be a deacon, or elder, or Sunday- 
school superintendent, or teacher, but a fierce light 
beats upon those positions and a "shabby " man will 
only bring the church into disrepute. 

A church officer should be something more than a 
good man. He should have a large vision of the 
purpose of a church, of the needs of the people to 
whom the church ministers, and of the world meaning 
of the organization he helps to direct, for every con- 
gregation is a world force. 

Paul and Peter, apostles of Christ, have very fully 
set forth the spiritual standards for church officers 
and by honoring their outlines no church will make a 
mistake. To get matters as they are in the New 
Testament, is the true ideal to set up, and the congre- 
gation which reaches it in spirit and in organization, 
will be an effective one. 

It should not be overlooked that the methods and 
guiding principles of the selection of church officers 
are important. They must be the subject of sincere and 
prolonged prayer, in order to know the will of God 
and get his guidance in the delicate work. The only 
true church officer is the man of God's choosing. 

Choosing church officers carries with it the pledge 
to honor them. It is a great wrong to call men into 
leadership and then refuse to follow when they would 
go forward. Possibly, after all, we need great follow- 
ers today more urgently than we need great leaders. 
— The Christian-Evangelist . 



We hear a great deal, these days, about the sug- 
gestion, " Let your conscience be your guide." Con- 
science is a very good thing, but we abuse it all too 
often, and take the matter too far. 

Conscience is not as infallible as it is commonly sup- 
posed to be. The Scriptures say: "There is a way 
that seemeth right to a man, but the end thereof is the 

wages of death," hence, we can't always trust our feel- 
ings about the matter. 

That inner voice which says: "Do this," and 
" Don't do that," is intended to be a good counselor, 
but when you try to change it — to alter its mandates 
and to modify its promptings — how do you expect to 
depend on it for decisions? 

That prompting from within can be trained to say 
almost anything. The process is gradual, but it can 
be made to reverse its rulings. You may have to work 
on it and make suggestions continually, but it can be 

Half of the consciences today are trained. You re- 
gard a certain thing as sin. It has some appeal for 
you, however, and soon you are persuading yourself 
that it is not so bad, after all. Before very long, 
your conscience will reach the point where it does not 
hurt you at all, in committing this same sin. The sin 
hasn't changed. It's just as heinous as ever, but you 
have changed. 

You hear people say : " Oh, it's all according to the 
way you look at it." There's something in this, but 
don't follow it to the extreme. Right and wrong are 
positive entities. There is a line of demarcation be- 
tween them and it is clear cut. 

Alexander Pope said : 

"Vice is a monster of so frightful mien, 
As to be hated, needs but to be seen; 
Yet seen too oft, familiar with her face, 
We first endure, then pity, then embrace." 

We treat our consciences by much the same 
method. • Gradually we change our deepest convic- 
tions, on the most vital questions, and never feel the 
least pang of remorse. It is high time we guarded 
our convictions. Hold on to them with a death-like 
grip. Follow the dictates of your conscience and 
build it up, instead of pulling it down, trampling it 
under foot and then saying, as your only defense: 
" Oh, my conscience doesn't hurt me." I do not sup- 
pose it does. You've gotten it right where you want 
it — crippled for life — and then stand ready to listen 
to its rulings. 

Atlanta, Ga. 

A Challenge for Some of Us 


The time has come for us to think big on some 
lines. Our best men like to be doing things that are 
worth while, in the estimate of the years, and when 
we can do -something worth while, they like it. But 
who does not? 

As I have been privileged "to go and come, among 
our people, I have been impressed with the thought 
that what we need, most of all, is opportunities for 
leadership, and support to those who have the ability 
to become leaders, when the opportunity is presented 
to us. These two things are of vast importance. 

It is a pity that the Mission Board has to make 
an appeal for money to carry on present work. It 
seems as if we should be pressing the need of enter- 
ing into wider fields of service instead, knowing that, 
as service is widened, the funds will follow. The 
need for wider fields of service is our great need just 

An appeal from the political leaders of Albania 
urges Americans to come and help them get their 
school system established properly, so that their people 
may come into touch " with the noblest and best of 
your culture and civilization." This looks inviting to 
me. They want also " an educational expert, trained 
not only in the technical side of education, but with 
organizing and administrative ability, to act as ad- 
viser to the Department of Public Instruction of the 
government." Here is certainly an opportunity for a 
man of experience, who is also a man of God. 

The appeal was made to the Methodists, and they 
are submitting it to the Foreign Missions Conference, 
which meets in January — a Conference of all Mission 
Boards. There are a great many points which need 
clearing. Their people are largely rural people. Their 
possessions are in cattle, and hills, and valleys. They- 
are largely Mohammedan, but are desirous, in truth, 
for something better, now that the war has made that 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 7, 1922 

possible. There would not be the economically de- 
pressing condition ever present, which we meet in our 
other mission fields. If we are the people to go over 
and help that little State, in its time of need, would we 
do it? If, in one hundred years from now. they 
should, by our aid, become a people as religious and 
genuinely sincere Christian as are the Waldensians 
in the. valleys of the Alps, would we be willing to 
undertake it? If, in our experience with them, we 
should be rejected, and rebuffed, and finally made wel- 
come, even to the acceptance of the full message of 
the Master, would we welcome the task, and the suf- 
fering? It is a great question of attitudes. 
Mount Morris, III. 


One Winter Eve 

Winter had grimly slipped down 

Before we were really aware; 
Trees had turned gold, red and brown, 

And now all at once they looked bare. 

Winter — and why need it be 

A time for distress of the mind? 
"I mean to be happy and free," 

I mused, as I peered thru the blind. 

Shadows were lengthening fast- 
Winds crooned in low, mournful tones — 

Day laborers swiftly walked past, 
Bent upon reaching their homes. 

Some walked with heads held erect. 

Others were bowed down and gray; 
Some were reserved — circumspect — 

Others were laughing and gay. 

Then came a maiden alone, 

And I saw she seemed weary and cold — 
Her lips looked gray as a stone— 

Her garments were faded and old. 

She was ill, I saw at a glance — 
III and cold, and too scantily clad; 

And I wondered what trouble, perchance, 
Made her young life so drab and sad. 

I pondered too long — she was gone — 
She had passed my door like the rest; 

Where, what was the place she called "home," 
While I was so sheltered and blest? 

Ah, winter is cruel to some, 

I dare not be care-free and glad 

When daily there passes my home 
One hungry or cold or sad. 

Nor should I one moment delay 
To share with God's suffering poor 

The blessings he gives me today — 
They may not again pass my door. 
Goshen, Ind. 

Lester — a Thief 

Number Two 

" Even so it is not the will of your Father, which is in 
heaven, that one of these little ones should perish " 
(Matt. 18: 14). 

Lester hurried away. " What shall I do? " was the 
one question in his mind, as he walked along, with 
his hands in his pockets, looking neither to the right 
nor the left. Wholly unexpected, Mr. Trent put his 
hand on his shoulder, saying : " Where have you been 
keeping yourself? " 

" Why I — I've been pretty busy at school." But he 
did not look into the eyes of his gymnasium director, 
who was looking straight at him. 

"You are growing like a weed. Why don't you 
come for regular exercise? You need it if ever a boy 

" Oh, I am all right." 

" Come on and help in the game we have this 
evening. The Titans are playing the Juniors — nothing 
great, but you'd like it. Come and take a part." 

" Well, I will if I — that is if I — am in town." 

" Are you thinking of going away? " By this time 
they were walking slowly, while they talked. Lester 
wished he had not said that, but he was desperate 
enough to think that nothing made much difference, 

" Well I — I — a fellow asked me to go to New 
Mexico. Of course, I haven't said that I would. But 
I hate this mean little- town. There's not another such 
a measly place on the map ! " 

" Oh, I can't agree with you there. I've been around 
a little and I think this is an unusually fine little place. 
Come up to the gym and we'll talk about it." 

" I can't now. I've got to meet a friend." Lester 
was grasping at anything for an excuse to get away. 
He did not want to go to the gymnasium. 

" I've been in New Mexico myself. Perhaps I 
can give you some help. There's Springer — a new 
town, but a very good one." 

"Yes, I know; we've been talking of going there 
first; then to some other place, perhaps." 

" All right. You are coining in tonight then." 
" Very well." But Lester, as he turned away, was 
not planning to go there that night. Why should he? 
Some one might talk about the khaki suit. If he 
stayed away he would not betray himself. 

His director said to himself: "That boy is in real 
trouble. He is suffering right now. I wonder what 
he has been up to." 

Two weeks later, the superintendent of one of the 
Sunday-schools in Springer received a letter from 
Mr. Trent, the director of the gymnasium, in regard 
to Lester, asking whether he was in Springer. 

Now, when Lester went on down street, he hardly 
knew what to do with himself. He was as wretched 
as he could be. Then several of the boys came to 
him — boys of the gang. One of them told him that 
they were saying he had taken a khaki suit. "HI 
were you, I'd shut their mouths for em," was bis 
parting advice to Lester. 

" Who says I took it? " asked Lester. 
" That whole tony crowd you used to run with," 
was the reply. 

Lester thought of a few other things be had stolen. 
Perhaps they would put him to prison. He must get 
away before this could be. He had about twenty dol- 
lars; he would start and go toward Springer. He 
must hide from the ones who might arrest him. So 
that night he left his home town. No one saw him 
go, because he walked to the next town to take a 

The superintendent made some inquiries. When 
he came to the doctor, his quest was ended. " I'll 
bet I have the very lad in the hospital. He's had a 
close call. I thought at one time we must amputate 
his leg, but he is getting better now, at least I think 
we can save his leg for him." 

The superintendent went with him. Lester lay with 
his eyes closed. Such a forlorn and suffering coun- 
tenance they had not seen for a long time. " Now, 
boy," said the doctor, " it's our business to help boys 
that are in trouble. I can't get you out of this place 
unless you tell us about the load you are carrying in 
your heart." 

" You have friends, my boy. Mr. Trent has written 
me about you," began the superintendent. He saw 
that this was the boy by the sudden light in his eyes 
at the name. 

Lester was so sick, so tired of it all, that, then and 
there, he told the two men his story. " They are look- 
ing for a thief, and I ran away to avoid arrest." So 
they knew all, and Lester felt relieved. He did not 
know what the outcome would be, but at least he had 
told the truth about things. 

When Lester was well enough, he was sent back 
to his home, where his mother waited for him. Mr. 
Trent met him at the train and took him home. That 
evening he went to Lester's home to have a talk 
with him. Then and there Lester told him just what 
had taken place. 

" I somehow got into Ed. Gillian's gang. They 
always talked of how things should be. They all took 
things when they could, without being caught at it." 
His further confession brought out that, after a little, 
Lester, too, took whatever he could lay his hands on — 
fruit, or candy, or a pic at first ; then things of more 
value. But he found that he couldn't think of any- 
thing else. He couldn't study, he couldn't eat or sleep. 
He had trouble with his teachers,, of course, and" so 

had stayed away from school. He was so unhappy 
that he just wanted to die. 

" But you can't make good, Lester, until you 
straighten out every crooked act. There is no use 
trying. That is the strait gate, of which Jesus said 
that but few go therein. The way is narrow, but 
you will find it a blessed road." 
"Can I have another chance?" 
" Yes. But it's will-power you need. You are not 
in good trim physically. You must build up muscle to 
help your will. That is why cigarettes are so bad 
for boys— they leave a boy without any will to do 

His mother could not bear to leave him. She was 
by his side while Mr. Trent was talking. 

White, thin and repentant, Lester went out to set 
himself square with the world. He went to the boy 
whose khaki suit be had stolen, and returned the suit. 
It <\vas a hard thing to do, but it was the only way. 
" I'll be praying for you all the time," said his mother, 
when he left her. One by one he returned the things 
he had taken, or else he paid for them. When he 
came home to dinner, he was pale, but calm, as he 
said: " Mother, that is one thing I shall never have to 
do again so long as I live," 

Then he went to work. But it was hard. It seemed 
to him that never had there been so many chances 
to take things. Everywhere careless people left their 
property, and he knew he could take it. But he was 
firm, and he tried, with all his might, to gain strength 
of muscle that he might have more will-power. 

" To him that overcometh, is the crown of life," said 
his mother. " I know that you arc going to find your- 
self through work and faith. You arc going forward 
through the ways of duty." 

Lester does go steadily and quietly on. Once, when 
he fell, he humbled himself, and went at once to Mr. 
Trent for counsel, and then, with renewed earnestness, 
traveled the road that led to peace. To many the 
pilgrimage of life leads through bleak and shadowy 
countries, but their course takes them where stead- 
fastness waits on courage and final triumph. 
Huntingdon, Pa. 

Conduct Unbecoming 


Recently I was a passenger on a train on which 
were a number of young people, schoolward bound, 
for the opening of the fall semester. 

The seat I occupied was well toward the rear of 
the coach, and perhaps twenty young people were in 
view. Those journeying to school were easily recog- 
nized. Those youthful spirits literally radiated joy 
and happiness. 

A young lady sat immediately in front of me, while 
across the aisle from her was a young man of her ac- 
quaintance. I was a silent, but amused, involuntary 
listener to their conversation, which was of school 
matters in its entirety. During this time, my regard 
for the young woman increased until a remark of 
hers caused her to drop, in my esteem, toward the 
zero point.. 

Her acquaintance had asked concerning some girls 
farther up in the coach : " Do they attend your 
school ? " 

The reply, given with a laugh — which caused my 
good opinion of her to vanish — was: "Mercy, no. 
We don't have people like those at our school. They 
are going to " 

I do not know to which girls she alluded, not did I 
try to pick them out. They may have been rather 
backward in both dress and manners. This may have 
been their initial trip to school away from home. 
Many men and women who, in after-life, reach the 
very pinnacles of their chosen work, started more 
humbly yet. 

Still, my new alignment of the girl herself may 
have been caused partly by the fact that, some years 
ago, I had myself been a student at both schools, 
and my own -choice preferred the one of which she 
spoke disparagingly. I have since wondered: " Should 
her rudeness have been rebuked in a kindly manner? " 

Garrett, Pa. 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 7, 1922 


Br„ J H Morri. of the Church History Department some time in Elgin on his furlough and his experience of 
Bro J. H. Morn., or tne v. y M ■ th African fic ld was of much value 

of Bethany B.ble School, ^spent ^^he ^hhshme ,o the' Board in its study of the many problems to be 

Calendar for Sunday, January 8 

Christian Worker.' Meeting, The Psalms as Poetry.- 
Psa. 24. 

Sund.y-.choo! Le..on, Elijah the Tishbite.-l Kings 
17: 1-16. * * * ♦ 

Gains for the Kingdom 

One baptism in the Sangcrville church, Va. 

Two baptisms in the Green Hill church, Va. 

Three stood for Christ in the Longmeadow church, Md. 

Eight recently united with the Lcwistown church, Pa. 

Four baptisms in the Rummcl church, Pa.,— Bro. A. J. 
Bceghly, pastor, in charge. 

One baptism at Mt. Zion church, Ohio-Bro. J. O. 
Garst, of Dayton, Ohio, evangelist. 

Three baptisms in the Falls City church, Nebr..-Bro. 

C. E. Schrock, the pastor, in charge. 
One baptism in the Garden City church, Kans.,-Bro. 

D. H. Heckman, the pastor, in charge. 
One baptism in the Yellow River church, Ind.,-Bro. 

E. 0. Norris, of Pendleton, Ind., evangelist. 
Three baptisms in the Muncie church, Ind.,-Bro. J. 

Edson Ulery, of Onckama, Mich., evangelist. 

Four accepted Christ in the Prairie City church, lowa,- 
Bro. W. E. West, of Mt. Morris, 111., evangelist. 

Two baptisms in the Mcrcersburg church, Pa.,-Bro. 
E. S. Rowland, of Hagerstown, Md., evangelist. 

Four accepted Christ in the Eel River church, Ind.,- 
Bro. J. L. Guthrie, of Lafayette, Ohio, evangelist. 

Twenty confessions in the South Los Angeles church, 
Calif.— Bro. Jacob Funk, of Pomona, Calif., evangelist. 

Two accepted Christ in the Castine church, Ohio,— 
Bro. J. H. Wright, of North Manchester, Ind., evangelist. 
Nineteen baptisms in the Pleasant Valley church, Ohio, 
—Bro. R. N. Lcatherman, of Cincinnati, Ohio, evangelist. 
One confession in the Brandt church, Back Creek con- 
gregation, Pa.,— Bro. John Graham, of Chicago, evan- 

Two were baptized, and two received from the Pro- 
gressive Brethren Church in the Minneapolis church, 

Three have been baptized and four await the rite in 
the Iowa River church, Iowa, the result of union revival 

Five were baptized and three restored in the Circle- 
ville church, Ohio-Bro. J. C. Inman, of Springfield, 
Ohio, evangelist. 

Fourteen were baptized and five were restored in the 
Empire church, Calif.,— Bro. M. S. Frantz, of Lindsay, 
Calif., evangelist. 

Three were baptized and two await the rite at Beth- 
any, Antioch house. W. Va.,— Bro. Emra T. Fike, of Oak- 
land, Md., evangelist. 

Thirteen were baptized and two await the rite in the 
First Church, Spokane, Wash.,— Bro. W. H. Tigner, of 
Gray, Wash., evangelist. 

Eighteen baptisms at Cloverdale; sixteen are the fruits 
of the revival at Bethesda,— Bro. E. C. Crumpacker, of 
Roanoke, Va., evangelist. 

One hundred and two were baptized and six received 
on former baptism in the Quinter church, Kans.,— Bro. J. 
Edwin Jarboe and wife, of Lincoln, Nebr., evangelists. 

Thirty-three were baptized, one awaits the rite and 
one was reclaimed in the Harris Creek church, Ohio,— 
f Pleasant Hill, Ohio, evangelist. 

* *5> 4* * 
Our Evangelists 

the burden which these laborers carry? Will you 
: success of these meetings? 

House recently, 

files of our church periodicals. 

Bro. Reuben Shroyer requests us to state, for the 
benefit of congregations desiring his services, that a 
part of February, March and May are still available. 
Immediate application for dates during the months speci- 
fied, will be given prompt attention. 
<f, * * * 
Elsewhere in This Issue 

Churche. in the McPheraon territory will please not 
fail to notice the announcement by Bro. Roger D. Winger 
on page 12, concerning arrangements for next season's 
Vacation Church Schools. 

The Bible and Sunday-School Institute of Juniata Col- 
lege is to be held February 6 to 10, 1922. By referring to 
Bro. T, T. Myers' announcement on page 11, it will be 
noted that a fine corps of instructors has been provided. 
If you are at all interested in the progress of religious 
education, you will want to give special heed to the 
plan of week-day religious instruction, put in operation 
by the pastors of the city of North Manchester, Ind., 
as described by Bro. H. S. Randolph on page eleven. 
•J- ♦ * * 
Miscellaneous Mention 
The Lo. Angele. church, Calif., announces her love 
feast for Jan. 15. at 7 P. M. 

"The Walnut Street Messenger" is the name of the 
new local paper, published by the church at North Man- 
chester, Ind. It is unique in that it is wholly given to 
original material of particular interest to the local con- 
gregation, -without the usual "plate" matter and also 
without the usual advertising. Not every congregation 
could issue a paper in that manner, but the plan certainly 
makes a very live and helpful sheet. 

A struggling Illinois congregation took up a liberal of- 
fering for the Emergency Fund on Christmas Day, in ad- 
dition to a previous one on Thanksgiving Day, and their 
full apportionment for the Forward Movement fund. The 
correspondent, in reporting the latest offering of his con- 
gregation, says: "We wish we could have made it many 
times that amount." Churches of that stamp are sure to 
be "fruitful in every good work." 

"Inspiration" is the attractive title of a tastefully-ar- 
ranged little booklet, from which we learn that various 
members of the faculty of Mount Morris College are 
prepared to fill pulpits for Sunday religious services, to 
address Sunday-school and other conventions, and other- 
wise to bring inspiration in the form of valuable and in- 
structive lectures to any community desirous of such 
service. The booklet contains the names of speakers 
available, with lists of sermon and lecture subjects. Cor- 
respondence relating to the matter should be addressed 
to Prof. Roy Dilling, Mount Morris, III. 

* * T * 

Board Meeting Items 

The General Mission Board met in regular session at 
the Publishing House, on Wednesday and Thursday of 
last week. Two full days, with night sessions, were used 
in the deliberations. 

met in the opening of our own African mission. 

Bro. J. A. Robinson 

Will JO 

The most noticeable thing about the attendance at the 
meeting was the absence of the Chairman, Bro. H. C. 
Early, who was kept at home by the continued illness 
of his wife. Sister Early's condition remains much the 
same as reported heretofore, except that she grows 
gradually weaker. This was the first meeting Bro. Early 
has missed since his appointment to the Board, over 
twenty years ago, except during the year when he was 
abroad. His absence was a keen disappointment both to 
himself and the other members of the Board. The meet- 
ing was in charge of the Vice-Chairman, Bro. Winger, 
who presided in a very efficient manner. 

Bro. J. Edwin Jarboe and wife, of Lincoln, Nebr., to 
begin Jan. 8 at Franklin Grove, 111. 

Bro. H. H. Helman, of South Bend, Ind., to begin Jan. 
29 in the Hickory Grove church, 111. 
*$ •$> 4> * 

Personal Mention 

Bro. J. C. War.tler changes his address from Old Folks' 
Home, Fostoria. Ohio, to Old People's and Orphans' 
Home, Mexico, Ind. 

Bro. J. F. BHtton, of 120 Alabama Avenue, St. Joseph, 
Mo., is open to engagement for service at once in either 
pastoral or evangelistic work. 

Bro. R. C. Flory, of China, remained in Elgin over Sun- 
day, after the Mission Board Meeting, visiting relatives 
and friends. From here he goes eastward, planning to 
spend the second semester of the scholastic year in Yale 
University. He will visit several of our colleges on the 

Four missionaries from the foreign field were present, 
Bro. R. C. Flory, of China, and Bro. W. B. Stover and 
Drs. A. Raymond and Laura Cottrell, of India. The Cot- 
trells arc planning to leave early next summer for the 
field, stopping a few months in London for special work 
in preparation for greater efficiency. 

A number of the younger folk, were out from Chicago, 
in attendance at some of the sessions. These included 
Bro. Wm. Beahm and wife, Bro. C. S. Driver and wife, 
and Brethren S. A. Keim, C. B. Bowman and C. H. 

Sister Cora M. Stably, of Nappanee, Ind., and Bro. J. 
B. Miller, of Curryville, Pa., who, with Bro. Wm. Beery, 
of Elgin, constitute the Music Committee, were also 
present for a short while, in conference with the Board 
about their work. This Committee also had a meeting 
at this time, having begun its sessions on Tuesday. 

Dr. Melvin, a Presbyterian missionary in the 
Kamerun country, Africa, was present at one session by 
special invitation. Dr. Fraser happens to be spending 

The Board members are always so closely occupied, 
on the occasion of their meetings, that little is seen 
of them outside of the Board sessions. Bro. A. P. Blough 
was on the ground this time, however, early enough to 
give the editorial rooms a good interview. Bro. Winger 
did almost as well, too, and even Bro. Yoder gave us a 
few very precious words. 

Because of the observance of the New Year holiday 

on Monday, Jan. 2, and the consequent closing of the 
forms for this issue earlier than usual, it was not pos- 
sible to have a report of the proceedings of the meet-, 
ing ready for this issue. This will appear next week. 
Your special attention is invited, however, to the fol- 
lowing paragraph : 

Some are wondering if funds for Near East Relief and 
Russian Relief can be sent through our own church. We 
are authorized to state that any churches or individuals, 
desiring to help in these worthy needs, can send their of- 
fering to the General Mission Board, Elgin, 111., which 
will give proper credits and receipts. It will be forwarded 
to the proper committee, in charge of that work, without 
cost to the fund. We are glad to say that much help is 
being given in this way, as well as in other channels, 
no doubt. ♦>*->+:* 

A Bystander's Notes 

The Never-Failing Refuge of Prayer.— If the Bible tells 
us anything, it does impress upon us the great fact that 
prayer is real — that the cry of man does reach God and 
move his arm in answer. "Call upon me and I will 
answer," is the Father's definite assurance. And not 
resting content with that, the Blessed Book is replete with 
instances where God has answered. Jacob prays, and what 
happens? He gains in the struggle with his visitor of 
the night, and the hate of Esau is turned into love. 
Joseph prays, and what is the result? The gates of the 
prison open for him toward the throne of Egypt. David 
prays, and what is his gain? His great sin is forgiven. 
The church of the early apostolic days prays, and what 
is the outcome? Peter, in the inner prison, and chained 
between two keepers, is graciously liberated. There is 
sure deliverance in prayer. Struggling one, beset by dif- 
ficulties around and about you, prayl If times are hard, 
and business prospects dubious, pray! Do not despair! 
Stand still and await the Lord's guidance ! Cast the en- 
tire burden of perplexity upon God by prayer! Never 
forget that the very first thing for you to do, when con- 
fronted by any difficulty, is to pray. 

Congregational Singing.— Of late, considerable atten- 
tion has been given by denominational journals to the 
refival of congregational singing. As a spiritual uplift- 
ing power it is declared to have no equal, provided 
the entire congregation can be induced to sing "with the 
spirit and . . . with the understanding also." Un- 
fortunately, however, it is difficult, in many places, to 
arouse the requisite degree of interest, to make the 
singing of the entire assembly what it ought to be. On 
this point the editor of the "Christian Evangelist" says: 
" In the singing of the hymns we note that not more than 
one-fifth of the congregation ever opens a hymn book. 
Our members are missing much by not making the most 
of the opportunity of joining in the singing. It will en- 
large your hearts if you will sing the praises of God. 
Every pastor is robbed of a degree of power and in- 
spiration when the people do not sing, and everybody 
loses spiritual joy and growth by the omission. The 
rhythm and cooperation, necessary to congregational 
singing, wear down the rough places in church life, and 
foster real heart-felt fellowship. In the singing of 
hymns we admonish one another, proclaim our faith, 
and give glory to God." 

The Sin of the Age and It. Cure. — A writer of note re- 
cently maintained that " mammon worship is the sin of 
the age— that men do not deny Christ, they sell him." 
All too true it is that the gulf widens between capital 
and labor. The contrast between grinding poverty and 
the extravagances of wealth is daily becoming more 
marked. There is smoldering discontent beneath the sur- 
face of society. Struck by the appalling outlook of the 
situation, humanity everywhere is coming to see that 
material wealth alone can not make a nation strong. 
Rome was struck with moral paralysis— so history tells 
us— when her coffers were full, and we need not wonder 
that her decline and fall followed. Righteousness alone 
exalteth a nation, for that only can put the seal of 
God's approval upon human endeavor. The hope of our 
nation and of every nation lies in the saving power of 
Christ and in the mutually fair ethical teachings he has 
given for the varied interests of humanity. Can the 
Christ, in whom we trust, carry out the work which he 
has undertaken? Can he save the world? Will his King- 
dom prevail? What Christian can doubt it? But are we, 
as his followers, ready and willing to consecrate ourselves 
to the task he has assigned us, as his coworkers? 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 7, 1922 


Bolshevism Retreats 

At latest reports the Bolshevist rulers of Russia are 
eceding from previously-espoused Communistic prin- 

= from . 
ciples. The cunningly-devised theories of Lenin 
been weighed in the balances and found wanting. The 
new economic program admits capitalism and private in- 
itiative into the reconstruction of Russia, but only be- 
cause no recovery is possible without them. While Lenin 
thus finds it necessary to compromise with economic 
necessity, it must not be presumed that he is ready to 
concede anything politically. Whatever may be the 
final outcome, the world's nations have had a striking 
ndness of Communism, and 


demonstration of the unsound 

;tain a society on the modern plane of 

until he 

its unfitness to susta 

civilization. Lenin may continue to rule Russia 

dies, but his doctrine is already dead among intelligent 


Figures That Make Us Think 
With armament reductions well in hand, at the Wash- 
ington Conference, most of us were looking forward to 
better cohditions ahead, nationally speaking, by reason of 
,he material saving thus effected. Right then, however, 
the untiring statistician proceeded to astonish us by some 
figures he compited for our consideration-the large 
amounts paid by the American people dunng 1920: For 
'the army $418,000,000; tobacco, $1,151,000,000; chewing 
gum and candy, $750,000,000; soda water and confections, 
5834000000; for amusements, such as baseball, cabarets 
and'mo'vies, $897,000,000; for silk stockings, perfumes, etc., 
5959 000 000. Of course, moral deductions in plenty might 
be drawn from these figures. One thing is sure-there 
would be plenty of funds for all missionary and philan- 
thropic needs, if the people could be aroused to a gen- 
uine realization of their stewardship. 

Very true, but it 

is at 

Almost Incredible 

Prominent experts of the leading nations are struggling 
with financial problems that are staggering, to say the 
least The rank and file of the people in general-guile- 
less and uninformed-are wondering just how such an 
inextricable muddle of finances was ever brought about. 
Here is the "reason why": It is estimated that the 
five nations, now talking disarmament at the Washing- 
ton Conference, spent last year, for their armies and 
navies $16,500,000,000. No wonder the poor old world 
is despairingly staggering toward financial ruin. There 
is however, a little grain of comfort in the assurance 
of decreased expenditures, by reason of the Hughes 
plan- A billion and a half of the sixteen billion 
a half, above alluded to, will actually be 
very much," some one may say. 

least a little. 

Inexcusable . Irreverence 
We are still close enough to the recent observance of 
Christmas to allude to the shocking desecration of the 
day, by means of Christmas greeting cards, wholly devoid 
of the real spirit of the day. Seemingly the old-time 
Christmas card, with its direct reference to the Christ- 
Child, the shepherds, the angels' song of peace, the Wise 
Men, etc., has in many places been largely relegated to 
the things of the past. Instead of these, there have come 
into vogue other cards that, while bearing the word 
" Christmas," offer no suggestion as to the real import 
of the day. Still more objectionable-downright irrev- 
erent-are the cards that are designed after the style of 
a comic valentine. Many of these, while sold as Christ- 
mas cards, openly and undisguised, champion the wet 
propaganda. Every form of license is given direct en- 
couragement on these so-called Christmas cards. A num- 
ber of journals-not by any means confined to the re- 
ligious press-are calling attention to the facts above 
given, and we join in their emphatic protest. 

A New Concordance 

' We have just been advised that the American Bible 
Society is making a new departure by issuing a Con- 
cordance, in addition to the printing of Bibles. For a 
century, this Society, which exists to publish and circu- 
late the Bible "without note or comment," has printed 
the Scriptures without a Concordance; but since a Con- 
cordance is purely a key to the location of important 
words and passages, it is not, in any way, considered to 
be a note or comment; and, in response to requests 
covering many years, the Society has marked the first 
part of its second centurv of service by taking this for- 
ward step. The work has taken over two years, by way 
of preparation, and has been done at very great cost. 

The Student Volunteer Movement 

According to latest reports, 595 young men and women 
—student volunteers— sailed in 1920 for the foreign field 
—the largest number of workers, mustered by the " Move- 
ment" in a single year. One-fourth more went in 1920 
than during the year before, and more than double the 
average of the ten preceding years. The fine record, 
made by the noble workers, should surely counteract 
some of the rank pessimism, which has been circulating 
throughout the country, with reference to our colleges, 
and their effect upon the Christian faith of the students. 
New vigor should also be given to missionary activities 
in the various churches. The spiritual atmosphere which 
inspires so many devoted young people to consecrate 
themselves to the work of the Lord in foreign lands, may 
well cause each Christian " to thank God and take cour- 
age." ' 

Those Who Drink Always Pay 

Violations of the prohibition enactment are always to 

be deplored, as a matter of course, but reports of these 

law evasions usually leave out the most important fact, 

th the purchase and consumption of m- 

those who drink must ALWAYS 

PAY THE PRICE. And one thing is sure— the price of 

drink was never higher, financially, physically, mentally, 

Drinkers may escape the corn- 

thing rather unusual. War in the Pacific, within the 
Tiext few years, was a dire foreboding, some months 
ago. Now it need not be feared for at least ten years, 
and probably not for a much longer time. At very few 
times, in the controversies of nations, has a danger, so 
plainly seen, been so well guarded against. It was the 
great danger of the United States— an immediate peril. 
With due patience and tactfulness there will be still 
further gains later on, for world peace. 

Ranking the Bible First 

Whatever may have been said abput the value of 
Bible reading in leading institutions of higher education, 
the fact remains that some recent reports along that 
line rather indicate a renewed interest in the Book of 
books. An informal canvass of the seniors in Goucher 
College, Baltimore, Md., was recently made, and yielded 
a most surprising result. The Bible was given an un- 
challenged first place in the list of the girls' favorite 
ten books. It had been expected that only secular litera- 
ture would be listed, but sixty-eight of the 103 girls 
placed the Bible chief and foremost. None of the girls 
listed it last, and only seven girls failed to mention it. 

in connection 
toxicating liquors- 

Anti-Cigarette Campaigns 

In many communities of the United States, the churches 
have united on anti-cigarette campaigns, which, if persist- 
ently carried on, are yielding excellent results. With the 
special aim of protecting the rising generation against 
the vile habit, every available and lawful means is made 
use of. A community campaign at Lansing, Mich., suc- 
ceeded in the wholesale elimination of cigarette smok- 
ing among the high school girls of that city. It was 
found that fourteen dealers had been selling cigarettes 
to minors, and at once heavy fines were imposed upon 
them, as provided by law. Even more effective, in the 
suppression of the cigarette evil, was the wholesome 
sentiment in favor of purity, aroused throughout the 
community. Cigarette smoking has been made decided- 
ly unpopular in that city. 

morally than it is now. uniiRtn '""j w^i*- —— 

pTratively insignificant penalty, prescribed by the govern- An.i-W.r D„». by New York Women 

ment of the State and the Nation, but they can not es- An extensive campaign among the various churches 
cape the penalty, inseparable from the use of alcoholic of the eastern metropolis has been entered upon by the 
liquor Man-made laws can be nullified, but no one has ■ 

the ability or the power to nullify the law of nature 
which has sternly decreed that alcohol always destroys. 
Nature's laws-like those of the Great Creator, in the 
Book of Life— are immutable. We violate them at our 
peril. ' 

Pulpit Sensationalism 

Springfield, Mass., journals report that early in De- 
cember, in a leading church of that city, the offering up 
of sacrifices was portrayed by the minister. Assisted by 
two other clergymen, he killed a young ram on an altar, 
to represent the killing of the ram, alluded to in the 


Women's Peace Society of that city. We are told that 
these earnest workers were "frankly grieved by the 
attitude of the churches during the last war," and their 
slogan at this time is: "Let us be Christians again." As 
to their convictions on the matter, one of the leaders 
said: "In the early days of Christianity not only the 
fathers of the church held it unlawful for Christians to 
bear arms, but those who professed a belief _in the 
teachings of Christ, refused to use them. We are, there- 
fore, urging Christians to return to the example of the 
early Christians, and to say emphatically: ' I am a 
Christian ; I will not kill and, therefore, I will not par- 
ticipate in, or sanction, war in any way whatever.'" 

The Lynching Record for 1921 

Robert R. Moton, principal of the Normal and In- 
dustrial Institute, Tuskegee, Ala., compiles an annual 
report on lynchings and matters connected therewith. 
From it we glean the following: "There were 63 per- 
sons lynched in 1921. Of these, 62 were in the South, 
and 1 in the North. This is two more than the number 
(61) for the year 1920. Of those lynched 59 were Negroes 
and 4 were whites. Two of those put to death were 
Negro women. Nineteen-or less than one-third of those 
put to death-were charged with rape or attempted 
rape Four of the victims were burned to death. Three 
were killed by mob violence, after which their bodies 
were burned." Mr. Moton mentions the encouraging 
fact that in 72 instances, lynchings were prevented by 
the energetic action of the county officials in charge. 
While reading the report, we were also impressed by 
the fact that the law-abiding element in almost any 
community might well throw the weight of its influence 
in favor of law and order, thus preventing at least some 
of the cases of mob violence. 

"The followir 
was barbecued and eaten-special services being held in 
connection therewith." Shocking, indeed, is such a pro- 
cedure, to the better thought and feeling of the pres- 
ent day The editor of " Our Dumb Animals," comment- 
ing upon the incident, says: "Even the prophet Micah 
was thousands of years ahead of those Springfield min- 
isters when he wrote: 'Will the Lord be pleased with 
thousands of rams? . . . What doth the Lord re- 
quire of thee, but to do justly.^ and to love mercy, and 
to walk humbly with thy God?'" 

No Reason to Be Discouraged 

That some of the large and influential journals per- 
sistently and deliberately minimize the work of the great 
Conference at Washington, is to be regretted. Doubt- 
lessly powerful interests are back of the propaganda, 
which aims to create dissatisfaction with the work of the 
Conference, by insisting upon ample "military prepared- 
ness" as the chief assurance of national safety. In view 
of that very tendency, it is well, perhaps, to make a close 
and accurate survey of the achievements, thus far at- 
tained at Washington. To begin with, there is the agree- 
ment by which the United States, Great Britain and 
Japan will reduce their navies, cease construction, and 
maintain a given ratio of capital ships. Next comes the 
agreement by which the United States, Great Britain, 
Japan and France promise to respect each others rights 
in the Pacific. A third agreement insures 
eignty and territorial integrity of China "- 
may include. Some points at issue are still in a tentative 
state, however much one might wish that they might 
be disposed of in the interests of peace. The Conference 
has not yet reached a satisfactory agreement on sub- 
marines. It has not tried, so far, to limit land arma- 
ments. Nothing, virtually, has been done for the stabil- 
izing of European affairs. Despite all, however, that 
carping critics may say, the Conference has accomplished 
the big things which were within its power to bring 
about, and even if no further achievements are made, the 
great gathering has well served its purpose. The United 
States has gone into a consultation with other nations 
and has secured concessions truly worth while— some- 

"the sover- 
vhatever that 

Late Developments in Palestine 

In a recent lecture by Professor Patrick Geddes, City- 
Planning Adviser of the Zionist Organization, he gave 
some interesting facts concerning conditions in Pales- 
tine from which we glean briefly. Bethlehem, six nnles 
north of Jerusalem, is eventually to be linked to the 
ancient city by a continuous line of suburbs. This, with 
the logical expansion in other directions, will result in a 
capital of large dimensions, in harmony with prophetic 
forecast. The same factors that, even before historic 
times, were creating in Palestine a great center of civili- 
zation, manifest themselves in the recreation of the land 
and the nation. When imperialism despoiled the ancient 
forests that crowned the hills, the resulting erosion swept 
away the carefully-tended olive gardens, planted in 
terraces along their slopes, and formed malarial pools in 
the valleys below. The old culture of Judea, as of the 
whole limestone basin of the Mediterranean, all but van- 
ished, with all its fertility. That accounts for the fact 
that the Promised Land, for a time, no longer flowed 
with the traditional "milk and honey," as Gods Chosen 
Race had been assured. Of late years, however, greater 
efforts are being made to reestablish the productivity of 
the country. Terrace walls have been rebuilt on the 
bare slopes, and filled with soil, laboriously brought up 
from the fertile plains below. Thus a country of greater 
fertility is gradually being created, well worthy of the 
great city that is its capital. Professor Geddes maintains 
that the ancient city of Jerusalem was not, as is some- 
times erroneously assumed, wholly on the site of the 
modern Jerusalem-the first buildings of the latter dating 
back to about 1840 only. Most of the ancient city was 
at the base and on the slopes of the steep hill, which. 
ideally located for defense, held the fortress of the 

ludean kings and the successive temples of the Jewish 
race. Archaeological discoveries have already confirmed 
statement above given, and more extensive excava- 


tions will undoubtedly lay bare the streets ot 
ancient city, now filled with earth by the erosion of the 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 7, 1922 


Sueitestlons for tlio Weekly Devotional Meeting Or lor 
Prayerful, Private ii . ijii i ini. 

Shining for Christ in a World of Darkness 

Z Cor. 4: 10. (See alio 2 Cor. 4: 6-11.) 

For- Week Beginning January 15, 1922 
1. Introductory Analysis.— (1 ) "God hath shined in" 
(verse 6). We must never forget that the origin of our 
shining, whereby the life of Jesus is made manifest in 
our body, is due to power from above. (2) "The light of 
the knowledge of God in the face of Jesus Christ." 
Through us the light must shine out to others. (3) The 
purpose: "That it might be manifest" — evident to all 
with whom we come in touch — (a) By conscious influ- 
ence; (b> By unconscious influence. 

2. Influence That Attracts. — Thc.rc is abundant evi- 
dence to show that a religious life, which is constrained 
and maintained only by the intellect, lacks that glow 
and warmth of sincere affection which is the spiritual 
health of Christian life. After all, comparatively few 
people are ever won to Christ by way of the intellect. 
Heartfelt conviction becomes the royal highway on 
which souls travel to the Eternal City of God on high. 

3.' Making Christ Our Pattern.— Complete Christlike- 
lies? is the Christian's ideal — the goal toward which he 
oiusl press. It is the one exalted standard which the 
true and devoted disciple of Christ will ever set before 
him, nor will he be content unless he is continually real- 
izing greater degrees of approximation to it. It is the 
one thing in earth and heaven most worthy of effort. To 
have an insatiable thirst for Christ's radiance within us 
— to be ever striving for it with all our power — should be 
our supreme aim. It should be the most important study 
of our lives. It is the finest of the fine arts — the chief 
activity of life. It is the main task of our lives, to take 
the natural elements of our character and, by bringing 
them into close, permanent contact with Jesus, to get 
them so purified and mellowed, so ennobled and exalted, 
thai the grossness and dross shall depart, while the 
excellence remains. 

4. Shining for Christ Day by Day.— Possibly the safest 
way lo demonstrate the reality of our consecration — our 
actual shining for Christ — will be found in its relation to 
our common, everyday life, to which a greater portion 
of our time must necessarily be given iu secular affairs 
and duties. We are too likely to make our religion a 
spiritual" and ethereal thing, confined to church meet- 
ings and sacred services. All are ready to concede that 
our life in the home, or in the business place, or in so- 
ciety, is more thoroughly tried than at a prayer meeting, 
or in a revival. It is the trying places of human life that 
must severely test the make-up of Christian character. 
There kindness, patience and unselfishness will have the 
best chance to show their reality. 

5. The Inspiration of a Shining Life. — Our lives are 
wondrously hallowed by contact with individuals whose 
atmosphere is that of Christlikeness in its highest con- 
ception. We have all experienced that there are men 
and women in whose company we are always at our very 
best. While with them, we can not think mean thoughts 
or speak ungenerous words. All the best impulses of 
our nature are aroused by their companionship, and we 
find a music in our souls that was never there before. 
Who can really measure the uplifting, inspiring effect of 
a daily companionship with a life that is wholly radiated 
by Christ himself! 

6. Example and Influence Always Count.— The public 
life -if a Christian is of a twofold nature — first, the living 
form of a godly example, then the life of aggressive in- 
fluence. While we, as Christians, must never become 
self-cx.illed, we must ^urely realize that we are ever 
influencing others, and that the Master is judged by the 
life that we. as his children, lead. 

7. Suggestive References. — Our privilege of shining, 
that ..tliers may be led to glorify God (Matt. 5; 16). 
"They that be wise shall shine" (Dan. 12: 3). " Follow- 
ing after things whereby we may. edify one another" 

(R 14: 19). Our duty to the weaker members (Rom. 

15: 1-3). A blessed promise (Job 17: 9). Faithfulness will 
insure a blessed reaping-timc later on (Gal, 6: 9). Fruit- 
ful in every good work (Col. 1: 10). Faithful effort is 
sure lo bring abounding results (1 Cor. 15: 58). 


(Coniinucd from Page i) 

whether the patriarchs before the flood offered sacri- 
fice or not. There is no account of another sacrifice 
for -ixteen hundred and fifty-six years after that of 
Abel. It is Noah's sacrifice. After being shut up in 
the ark. and floating on the water for more than a 
year, he felt very grateful to be on the solid earth 

again. He expressed his gratitude, therefore, by 
building an altar to Jehovah and taking " of every 
clean beast and every clean bird, and offering them a 
burnt offering upon the altar.'" This was a very 
costly sacrifice to Noab, as he had only seven pair of 
each kind, yet, undoubtedly, it paid well, for the Lord 
was greatly pleased with the sacrifice and promised 
never to destroy the earth with water again. 

We do not know in what age Job lived, but it was at 
a very early period. It was his custom, whenever 
any of his children had a birthday festival, always 
to offer a sacrifice for each of his children, saying: 
" They may have sinned against God." He wanted 
to make an atonement in case they had transgressed. 

It was about four hundred years after the flood, 
when the Lord appeared unto Abraham in the land of 
Palestine and said to him : " Unto thy seed will I 
give all this land." There Abraham built an altar and 
offered sacrifice, which was the principal way in 
which men worshiped God at that time. About twen- 
ty years later, Abraham offered the most noted sacri- 
fice recorded in all history. Although the Lord had 
told Abraham that unto his seed he would give all the 
land of Canaan for a possession, yet now he com- 
manded Abraham to take his only son, Isaac, and, 
upon Mount Moriah, offer him upon the altar as a 
burnt sacrifice. This would have staggered almost 
any one's faith in God, except that of Abraham, for 
how could God give all this land to the descendants 
of Abraham, when his only son was killed? Besides, 
the offering up a human being was barbarous. This 
is the way we would have reasoned. Abraham did 
not reason — he simply obeyed. He split the wood for 
the sacrifice and laid it on Isaac's shoulder. Then he 
took his knife and the fire, and proceeded to the spot 
where the sacrifice was to be made. There he built 
the altar. We can not imagine the struggle that went 
on in Abraham's soul between the father-love for his 
son and his duty to God. His obedience to God's 
command, however, won the victory, so he bound his 
son, laid him upon the altar, lost sight of his feelings, 
took the knife and was about to strike the fatal blow, 
when an angel from heaven stopped him and set his 
son free. Looking up, he saw a ram in the thicket, 
held by his horns. This he then sacrificed, instead of 
his son. This entire incident was an object lesson for 
all succeeding generations, to show how God would 
some day offer up his Son, the Beloved. He would 
not spare him, as Isaac was spared, who represented 
the human family, which was sentenced to death. 
Christ, like a lamb, was offered in his stead. For this 
reason Christ is called " the lamb slain from the foun- 
dation of the world" (Rev. 13: 8). 

About four hundred years later, God, through 
Moses, gave his people, the Israelites, an elaborate law, 
how to offer sacrifices. There were two kinds — ob- 
ligatory and voluntary. The former were the pass- 
over, once a year, the atonement once a year, the 
daily sacrifice of two lambs, the burnt offerings, the 
sin offerings, the thank offerings, the tithe, and sacri- 
fices for special occasions. All these sacrifices, during 
the Mosaic dispensation, were object lessons pointing 
to the great sacrifice which God would make when he 
gave his Son as a sacrifice for the sins of the world, 
for the law was " a schoolmaster to bring us to 

3. The Purpose of Sacrifice. — All sacrifice is for 
the purpose of gaining some object or end. Every 
great enterprise requires a great sacrifice. It is re- 
quired in all human activities and undertakings. The 
mother makes a great sacrifice when she risks her 
life to give life to her offspring. When the Panama 
Canal was built, it is estimated that the life of an 
Irishman was sacrificed for every rail that was laid 
in fhat malarious district. Every great king and em- 
peror sacrifices the lives of thousands of his subjects 
to gain some territory or power. To free the slaves of 
the South, it required the sacrifice of nearly half a 
million human lives, and several billion dollars' worth 
of property. In the late World War, to destroy Ger- 
man militarism and autocracy, and to make safe the 
world for democracy, it is estimated that over seven- 

teen millions of human lives and over a hundred billion 
dollars' worth of property were sacrificed. 

There is another sacrifice, more costly than all- the 
wars ever waged — more costly than all the sacrifices 
ever offered on earth in all ages. It is the sacrifice 
which God made when be sacrificed his only Son for 
the sins of the world. When we consider the agony 
that stirred the heart of Abraham, in contemplation 
of what he was about to do, what must have been the 
feeling of the Father, when he looked upon the suf- 
fering of his Son upon the cross, and when he veiled 
the sun to hide the scene! What do we owe the 
Father, for purchasing our redemption from eternal 
death at such an immeasurable price? This is what 
he asks: " Present your bodies a living sacrifice, holy, 
acceptable unto God. . . . And be not fashioned 
according to this world, but be ye transformed by the 
renewing of your mind, that ye may prove what is 
the good and acceptable and perfect will of God." 

Fritita, Colo. t < 

The Christian's Hope 

"And now abideth faith, hope, love,, these three, but 
the greatest of these is love" (1 Cor. 13: 13). 

Hope is the soul's picture of that which it desires 
and expects. Faith is the confidence which persist- 
ently holds the picture as that which shall be realized. 
Love is the power which brings it forth. 

There is a hope for which all souls, at their best, 
reach forward. It is a hope, without the attainment 
of which, no soul can be wholly satisfied. This hope 
is, tg become the image and likeness of God, and to 
walk and talk with him, together with the consequent 
power of such a life, in which the soul of man -was 
first created. This picture is built in the warp and 
woof of the soul, as it were, and can not be eradicated. 

As sin passed, through inheritance, unto all men 
who should come after the ones who first sinned, so 
also has the soul's hope, to reflect God after his own 
likeness, passed through inheritance unto all. Each 
soul inherits this desire as truly as the flesh inherits 
the desire to sin. All may not understand what I 
write, not having entered into a deep analysis of their 
own soul's full desire and capacity. I am writing for 
those who are able to sound the depths of their own 
soul, through introspection by their own spirit, who 
can witness to this truth. All shall know the truth 
in time, for the goal of all souls is the same. 

Therefore we say in confidence, that to reflect the 
image and likeness of God, in which man was created, 
with the consequent communion with God and the 
power which follows, is the height of the soul's glory, 
and no soul can be wholly satisfied in the flesh until 
this hope is realized. This is full salvation, and this 
only. The soul which pictures this hope clearly and 
holds in faith that it shall be realized, and yields to 
the " Love," which alone has power to bring it forth — 
this one is blessed in the highest favor possible to 

Let us understand that the image of God in which 
man was created, and the likeness of God, which he 
bore, is made simple when we remember two things: 
First, that God is love, as John tells us. Second, that 
an image or likeness is a reflection of that which is 
imaged. It is not the physical image which we should 
have in mind when we consider man as the image of 
God. The prophet Isaiah foresaw the physical image 
of Jesus, which he described in these words: "His 
visage was more marred than any man, and his form 
more than the sons of men. ... He hath no 
form nor comeliness ; and when we shall see him, there 
is no beauty that we should desire him " (Isa. 52: 14; 
53: 2). And yet Paul describes Jesus as " the bright- 
ness of his [God's] glory, and the express image of 
his person." 

Jesus, as " God manifest in the flesh," is love mani- 
fest in the flesh. Because his life in the flesh was a 
reflection of the love of the Father, he was the " ex- 
press image" of the Father. Hence Jesus himself 
declared unto Philip and his brethren: " He that hath 
seen me hath seen the Father" (John 14: 9). 

It is this image of God — the reflection of his per- 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 7, 1922 

feet love— Mn the flesh, and the communion with the 
Father, and power of blessing all life upon earth, 
which is each soul's inheritance through the atonement 
of our Lord and Savior, Jesus Christ. 

We have good reason to hold this great ideal as the 
Christian's hope. 

First, because nothing less can satisfy our concep- 
tion of the infinite power of God to do that which he 
purposes. And when he purposes to create a family 
of sons to reflect himself as his image and likeness, 
in the flesh, it is impossible that his purpose be 
thwarted, although man, by transgression, should de- 
fer it for a time. 

Second, because other religions of our day hold this 
same hope ef the restoration of man into the image 
and likeness of God, and oneness in fellowship with 
him, in the flesh, and they base this hope upon the 
Bible. Dare we have a hope less bright and less great 
than they? Moreover, they have faith that they shall 
realize this hope. And they also declare that love is 
the power to bring it forth. But they differ from us 
in their rejection of the blood atonement of our Lord 
and Savior. 

To the writer, this difference is just the difference 
between ultimate success and failure, for we can not 
see the possibility of realizing this hope except through 
the atonement of Jesus. But to the masses this dis- 
tinction is not clear. For they truly do works similar 
to those of Jesus, exceeding any of the Christian de- 
nominations, in certain lines. To us, they are the 
antichrist, appealing to humanity in the name of love, 
but setting aside the supreme love of Jesus in his sac- 
rifice upon the cross. But to the many, who are at- 
tracted by signs and wonders, there is no difference. 
Or if there is, it is in favor of them. 

Therefore I say that the call today is to demon- 
strate our largest possible hope in Christ, by realizing 
it in this life, showing forth a light which none can 
approach except through him. This the world de- 
mands of us, if they will be drawn to our Christ, as 
he is worthy of drawing all men unto him. But with- 
out having the hope clear, we are not apt to reach 
the heights, in faith. And not having faith, we will 
not increase in love to bring it forth. 

Let our hope be to live in the image and likeness of 
God, so that no life upon earth shall fear us, as-in the 
beginning, when all nature yielded to the love of the 
first human pair. Truly, " perfect love casteth out 
fear." And let this image shine upon all mankind who 
are in distress of body, soul and spirit, to lift them out 
of it, as Jesus did while upon earth. And when this 
is done, the Christian light shall be so bright and 
glorious that the love of the Father, through the Holy 
Spirit, will draw mankind unto him. 

If our hearts respond to this hope, let us not be 
weak in faith that it is impossible. Let us remember 
that love is the power to bring it to pass, and let 
our religious councils arid conventions be directed 
towards ways and methods of perfecting the love 
of Christ in our hearts! Then see how readily this 
can come to pass, which otherwise is impossible. 

1053 Ganahl Street, Los Angeles, Calif. 


" Write what thou sees!, 


Dec. 17 two members of the Mission Board of North- 
ern Missouri— Eld. J. S. Kline, of St. Joseph, and Bro. E. 
Mohler, of Plattsburg— were with the workers at this 
place, to assist in the reorganization of the church, A 
number of years ago we had a very promising church 
here, but, due to emigration,- death, etc., the churchhouse 
has stood idle for a number of years. About four years 
ago, a union Sunday-school was organized— several act- 
ing as superintendents at different times and doing very 
commendable work. Bro. Miles Spargur has been super- 
intendent the major part of the time. He has done very 
efficient work, and has sacrificed a great deal. The pulpit 
was filled at intervals by the Brethren and other min- 

Last March, the writer and family moved here, to 
assist in the work. In October, Eld. C. B. Rowc, of Dallas 
Center, Iowa, conducted a revival for us and eleven were 

baptized. We were able to organize with twenty-three 
charter members. Bro, J. S. Kline was chosen elder for 
one year; Sister Eliza Dukes, church clerk; Brethren 
Chas. Dukes, Volley Dukes and Miles Spargur, church 
trustees; Bro. Guy Cooper, Sunday-school superintendent. 

We have a very good farming community. The church 
is in the country. We invite those who arc contemplat- 
ing a change in location, to consider this place. We need 
more workers and you would find an opportunity for 
service. , » . L. A. Walker. 


The annual Bible and Sunday-School Institute of Juni- 
ata College will be held Feb. 6 to 10, 1022. 

Among the lecturers and instructors who arc to assist 
the faculty of the School of Theology arc Dr. James 
M. Gray, of the Moody Bible Institute, Chicago; Prof. 
H. K. Obcr, former president of Eliznbethtown College; 
and W. G. Laudes, secretary of the Pennsylvania State 
Sabbath School Association. Mr. and Mrs. Ralph C. 
Norton, of the Belgian Mission, will also be with us, 

Problems of biblical interpretation, church, Sunday- 
school, missions, education and Christian work will be 
in the hands of those who are specially fitted to handle 

It is time now to prepare to get as much of the Insti- 
tute as is possible." 

Tuition and lodging are free. Meals will be served by 
the college at a reasonable cost. Application for rooms 
should be made early. 

Further announcement and program will follow. 

Juniata College, Huntingdon, Pa, T. T. Myers, 


Bro. John W. Leatherman, son of Bennie ■ and Saltic 
Leatherman, was born at Beaver Run, W. Va., died of 
cancer, Nov. 13, 1921, aged 
seventy-four years, six 
months and thirteen days. 
All of bis life was spent on 
the farm where he was born. 
In 1S7.) be married Ellen 
Rogers. There were two 
sons and one daughter. One 
son preceded him in 1915. 
Bro. Leatherman became a 
member of the Church of the 
Brethren in 1876 and was 
elected to the deacon's office 
Aug. 22, 1884, and served 
efficiently until death. He 
was a close Bible student 
and a good counselor, both in 
the church and out. He al- 
John W. Leatherman ways Stood for the doctrine 

of the church he loved and 
was ever ready to help the needy and destitute. He gave 
freely of his means for the church at home and abroad. 

Service in the Beaver Run church by the writer, as- 
sisted by the Rev. A. P. Neel, of the Methodist Church. 
Burial in the Leatherman cemetery. B. W. Smith. 

Burlington, W. Va. 


The pastors of the several churches of North Man- 
chester, working as a committee in the interests of the 
churches and community, have successfully organized 
and extended religious instruction into an extensive and 
enviable week-day program in their city. They did all 
this as an effort to solve a few of the large religious and 
educational problems of their community, such as: 

1. Some homes can not give adequate religious train- 
ing to their children. 

2. Many, that could give religious instruction to their 
children, do not. 

3. The Sunday-schools, as at present organized, are 
in no wise meeting the demands of a growing moral and 
religious society. 

4. The public schools will not and can not, and it is 
not desirable that they should, train children in religion. 

5. There is not a sufficient number of trained teachers 
in the community to put on and carry forward a reason- 
able program of religious education. 

6. There is no permanent religious institution in the 
community for the successful training of religious teach- 

Two institutions have been organized and are success- 
fully operating in the community to meet the above prob- 
lems. The first of these, to be instituted, was the week- 
day instruction in the Bible to t'.:e pupils of the city 
schools. Second, was a community training-school. 
Week-Day Bible Instruction 

The entire plan and course of study is approved by the 
city board and the superintendent of public education. 
The plan is in accord with the nation-wide scheme for 
moral training. The course is not compulsory but con- 

forms thoroughly to the American ideal of religious free- 
dom. Pupils may substitute outside reading, selected 
from an approved list of books, dealing with moral and 
religious questions, or a pupil may be excused to take 
the training at some convenient time under instruction 
other than that provided by the city plan. 

The pastors of the city serve as a Board of Religious 
Education. They, with the superintendent of the schools, 
have the work of directing the entire program. They 
select the teachers who arc later placed in the several 
schools by the superintendent of the city schools. The 
ministers head the teaching force. Our teachers selected 
arc members in good 'standing in their respective 
churches, who give evidence of a real Christian expe- 
rience, and, so far as possible, those who have had teach- 
ing experience and professional training. The pastor-, 
also select and arrange the subject matter of instruction 
into a definite curriculum, covering each grade of the 
schools. They arrange, with the superintendent of 
schools, ihe time or period for the various classes. 

The Bible period is a part of the pupil's program for 
the day. At the present time only one period of one- 
half hour per week is devoted to ihis work. More time 
could easily be used. This is regular credit work and 
counts as any other period of work as in Arithmetic. Ge- 
ography or Spelling. The Bible is used as the main text- 
book and is the basis for all the work. The pupils are 
made acquainted with the Bible as to its contents and 
how to use it. They are taught to love and reverence 
the Bible. They are taught the nature of God and are 
led to love and obey him. They are likewise led to know 
Christ— his life, work and message to the world. 

They learn the best Christian hymns, not alone by 
word, but their content and message are studied. In the 
high school the pupils arc made acquainted with the 
great leaders and movements in Christian history. 

All material, above mentioned, is graded to the age and 
growing needs of the child that is being taught. 

The children of the schools are enjoying the work, and 
in most cases better than their other school-work. The 
material is so graded that by it they are interested. They 
have the best religious teachers of the community, thus 
increasing the efficiency of the work. It can easily be 
said that " children are enthusiastic about their Bible 
work." " From all outside sources most favorable reports 
are being received." 

The Community Religious Training-School 

The training-school is one phase of the week-day re- 
ligious education of the* city. This is a high-grade even- 
ing school, held at the central high school building. The 
purpose of this school is to train workers for the Sunday- 
school, for the week-day religious education of the com- 
munity, and for the neighboring communities. It meets 
on Friday night of each week for thirty-six weeks. This 
school has a large attendance — much larger than antici- 
pated. Some come as far as nine miles from a neighbor- 
ing town to enjoy the work. It has made for itself a 
place of respect, usefulness and a promised permanence 
in the community. Arrangements have been made by 
the proper authorities that any one, completing one of 
the training courses in a satisfactory manner, may apply 
it on his high school credit, if he is of high school rank, 
and on his college credit if he is of college rank. 

The training-school is being directed by the professor 
of Religious Education of Manchester College, who is 
making a strong endeavor to place the training work on 
a firm scholastic and scientific basis. 

H, S. Randolph. 

1114 N. Wayne Street, North Manchester, Ind. 


After reading Bro. Talhelm's article in "Messenger" 
of Dec. 13, "What Can a Man Afford?" I felt like bear- 
ing testimony to some of the facts he gave. Especially 
might it be of interest to the young. I am past eighty- 
one and have been tithing for forty years. I hope to be 
able, from my experience, to say something that will be 

I joined the Church of the Brethren in 1861— deter- 
mined that I would always stay with the church and work 
for its good. I did my duty in finance, as well as other- 
wise, as best I could for sixty years. 

I was married in 1863, and established a home of my 
own. I then resolved to build up for myself a financial 
standing that would stay by me. By proper effort I 
always have realized that boon, and I do yet enjoy life's 
blessings. I will give a few of the methods used. 

Paul says, in Rom. 13: 8. "Owe no man anything.'' I 
have been told that we can not do business that way. in 
our day. I have, however, followed Paul's counsel. 
When I borrowed money and gave a note for it, with my 
name attached to it. that note was an equivalent of the 
money till the note was due, but no longer. I made it 
my business to pay every note when due. 

When buying at the store or at any other place, on 

time, I always arranged the time of payment, making my 

promise stand for the debt till due. Then it was paid. 

(Continued on Page H) 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 7, 1922 

"Truth is stranger than fiction"— yes, and far more 
thrilling, too, if you please. 

Near my home lives a Catholic lady of more than 
ordinary intelligence. A great sorrow came into her life, 
however, and, because of the mental strain which, in 
consequence, followed, her mind is now in a woeful 
state. She is not vicious— just melancholy and despond- 
ent and, saddest of all, without a God— or so she feels 
it. She thinks she has forever cut herself off from him, 
because of certain misdoings of former years. She has 
lost count of days and weeks, and has become as thin as a 
wraith, or shadow, and her large blue eyes, which once 
sparkled with noted brilliancy, have become dull and 
veiled over. 

I have known her to pace our quiet street back and 
forth, back and forth, for the distance of a block and a 
half, for two solid hours, continuously. Once, in broad, 
bright daylight, she grasped my hand in one of hers, 
and with the other pointed upward. "Look," she said, 
"how dark the night is— can it be that the stars are 
shining? Why, yes, sure the stars are shining, and 
it's a beautiful night, only I couldn't see it at first." 

Yesterday, after she had been walking for nearly two 
hours, I was moved to pray this prayer, "Oh, Lord, 
isn't there some way in which relief can come to that 
poor, agonizing soul?" I lifted my head and was about 
to go on with my mending, when I heard steps on the 
front porch. She had come to implore me to pray for 

"Oh," she cried, "God doesn't hear me any more. I 
might as well talk to the wail or to the stones, and it's 
my fault, too. I've even come to doubt all matters of 
faith. When I do start to pray, I forget what comes 
next. Then I think: 'What's the use? I shall not be 
heard anyway. I'm afraid I've sinned against the Holy 
Ghost.' Oh, the days are so long— they are like an eter- 
nity. I have no hope, no joy, no ambition. Once I was 
happy — surely I was — I don't know when, but it was 
sometime — I didn't envy any one, for I knew they could 
be no happier than I — but that was before I lost God, 
and now I will lose my poor soul I" 

Why am I telling you these things? So that you, my 
brethren and sisters, who have power with God through 
prayer, will join with me as I daily beseech God, at a 
throne of grace, to reveal himself through his Blessed 
Son to this poor, bewildered soul. Will you do it, and ask 
in faith — nothing wavering? Her only hope is that she 
may find the Light, and that soon. She has told me many 
things, concerning which I must say with Paul — they 
would be unlawful for me to utter, but I do not believe 
she has sinned the "sin which is unto death." 
She was born and reared in a Protestant church. 
Let none be guilty of gossip, in connection with this 
pitiful case, but let all prayl Edyth Hillery Hay. 
Goshen, Ind. --*-. 


I began meetings in the Black Swamp church, Ohio, 
Nov. 29. I preached twenty-three sermons to interested 
audiences. This church is not so strong numerically, 
but is an earnest, loyal band of brethren and sisters. 
The meetings were quite well attended, and the atten- 
tion and interest commendable indeed. A number were 
near the Kingdom, but were unwilling to yield to the 
strivings of the Spirit. 

I am now home, taking a short but much needed rest. 
In a few days I begin meetings at the Logtown school- 
house, in the bounds of the Springfield church, Ohio. 
Some time in January I go to the Silver Creek church, 
Ohio. I preached every night and Sunday for thirteen 
weeks, except six nights. I thank our Heavenly Father 
for his care and blessings. 

Part of February, March and May arc not taken up. 
If any of the churches desire my services, they should 
write me. Reuben Shroyer. 

North Canton, Ohio. 

partments of Religious Education, to provide this pro- 
fessional training. 

Special plans should be made, whereby the local talent, 
selected as the teachers of these schools, may receive 
some special training for their work. Committees should 
select their teachers at once, and in certain instances 
should pay their expenses to the Short Term Course in 
Religious Education, "to be held at McPherson College 
Jan. 30 to Feb. 10 — two weeks of special instruction in 
Sunday-school and Daily Vacation Church School Work. 

Will the churches please notify the writer of their de- 
cision to have a school, and state whether any help is 
desired in planning the school, or in securing directors 
and teachers? Some of the most capable talent in the 
Brotherhood — well-trained and consecrated in Christian 
service — is available for this work. 

Roger D. Winger, 
Director of Religious Education. 

McPherson, Kans. 


It is recommended that each church, at its next council, 
vote to maintain a Daily Vacation Church School, four 
to six weeks in length, during the summer of 1922. Fully 
sixty per cent of the working congregations of the region 
maintained such schools last summer, and this was such a 
splendid record, that it is hoped the Daily Vacation 
Church School will be universal among our churches 
during the approaching summer. 

The most successful plan of procedure is to appoint, 
for the local church, a Board of Religious Education. 
which will not alone have charge of the Sunday-school 
work, but also the other educational activities of the 
church, such as the work of the Christian Workers' 
Societies and the Daily Vacation Church School. 

Churches and their committees, planning Daily Va- 
cation Church Schools, should begin at once to mature 
their plans. It is recommended that at least the direc- 
tors of these schools should have had special training 
for this work. McPherson College, Bethany Bible 
School, and other schools, are maintaining regular de- 


Sister Mary Warner Flory was born near Salem, Ohio, 
July 28, 1849, where she grew to womanhood. Nov. 24, 
1869, she married Michael 
Flory. Four years later 
they moved to Rossville, 
Ind., where they resided for 
sixteen years. In 1880 they 
united with the Church of 
the Brethren, and in 1885, 
Sister Flory was installed, 
with her husband, as he 
was received into the min- 
istry. In 1889 they moved 
to Girard, III., where they 
have resided up to this time, 
with the exception of four 
Mary Warner Flory years, spent in a pastorate 

at Decatur, III. There were 
eleven children, eight of whom, with the father, sur- 
vive. There are also thirty-six grandchildren, three great- 
grandchildren, two sisters -and three brothers. 

Sister Flor}- has been in ill health since last August, 
but only seriously ill for the last five days. She died 
Dec. 15, 1921, aged seventy-two years, four months and 
nineteen days. Services were conducted in the Girard 
church, by Elders D. W. Shock, H. B. Martin, I. J. Harsh- 
barger and W. H. Shull. Interment in the Pleasant Hill 

Sister Flory was always quiet and unassuming, but 
ever ready to greet one with a smile and a cheery re- 
mark. She seldom did any public work — her activities 
being confined to the home where the best service and 
greatest sacrifices are so often made, but so seldom 
known of by others. She was always ready to encourage 
Bro. Flory to enter on each duty that came to him as 
elder and minister. In later years she often accompanied 
him on his evangelistic campaigns. She lived in the 
faith, kept the faith and died in the faith. 

Girard, 111. Mrs. L. T. Weddle. 


Lima City church gave a Christmas program on Sun- 
day evening, Dec. 25, to a large audience. The number 
of Sunday-school scholars taking part, and the extent 
and high quality of the program rendered, were a good 
index of the size and importance that our school has now 
attained. The Beginners' Class, of about thirty pupils, 
gave recitations, plays and songs that won them much 
credit. The Juniors and Seniors also gave some excellent 

The church here has, for some time, been partially sup- 
ported by the Mission Board of Northwestern Ohio. 
Last year the Board decided to make us self-supporting — 
the second city mission in the District to become so. 
Last year we not only met running expenses, but also 
our quota of about $800 to the Forward Movement. We 
also raised money for various other phases of mission 
work. Several of the junior classes have assumed and 
paid for the care of a Chinese boy and girl for a year 
in the Boarding-school of China, and are continuing to 
carry forward the work. 

Our present church building is proving inadequate to 
house our Sunday-school. It is hoped that we may have 
a new location and a new church building, which will 
meet our future needs. In fact this has been talked over 
and plans laid that may materialize in the no great 
distant future. J. W. Swain. 

could be made as willing to do their part in Christian 

Dec. 15, we met in council, with Bro. C. W. Stauffer 
presiding. Quite a lot of business came before the coun- 
cil, but all was disposed of in such a way as to help the 
church to grow in service to the community. It is very 
gratifying to see how some of our new converts are tak- 
ing an interest in the work. How we long for the ideal 
condition, when all who accept Christ will be found in 
active service I Real abiding joy comes in consecrated 

Dec. 22, a number of the brethren met at the parsonage, 
to erect a large hen-house, so that the pastor and family 
can properly care for their flock of chickens. At the 
same time about twenty ladies met in the parsonage, 
to reorganize the Ladies' Aid Society. A general good 
time was had that day. "A scramble dinner" was served 
at noon. What a meal we had! Words fail to do justice 
to it. It would be hard to find a congregation that is 
more willing to do what it can for the church than the 
one here at Pine Creek. It is, indeed, a pleasure to 
serve such folks. 

An offering of $39 was lifted at our Christmas program 
for the Emergency Fund. We wish we could have made 
it many times that amount. J. W. Fyock. 

Polo, 111. ~*~ 

At McPherson College, Jan. 22 to Feb. 10 

An especially strong, and practical program has been 
provided for this year's work in this special field. Courses 
in Bible, Sunday-school and Vacation Church School 
problems will be offered and special lectures on agricul- 
ture, home economics, vocational education, social teach- 
ings of the prophets, scientific and missionary topics, and 
pastoral and church problems will be given. The Short 
Term Course in Religious Education from Jan. 30 until 
Feb. 10 will be especially helpful to all ministers, pastors, 
Sunday-school and other church workers, directors of 
boys' and girls' clubs, and particularly to all Daily Vaca- 
tion Church School teachers and workers. Each depart- 
ment is offering several well-outlined and beneficial 
courses. '* 

This is a splendid opportunity for all church workers 
who can not take a more extensive course, and for 
churches to get their workers in contact with many help- 
ful suggestions that will put new life into all departments 
of church activity. Especially should every worker in 
next year's Daily Vacation Church School be urged to 
take advantage of this special course, as special emphasis 
will be given to their particular field. Give our pastor a 
few weeks' vacation and send him to the Institute. It will 
be a source of much inspiration to him, and you will de- 
rive the benefit later. 

The faculty of the Bible School, and of the Department 
of Religious Education, with some special talent, will con- 
stitute the teaching force. Traveling and living expenses 
with, perhaps, a few minor matters, will cover all cost of 
the course. Write the Dean of thp Bible School, or the 
Director of Religious Education for further particulars, 
as to the work or accommodations during your stay here. 
Plan to take in this work during the winter season, when 
you have some idle time. You can not afford to miss it, 
if it is at all possible to be here. Ray S. Wagoner. 

McPherson, Kans. Field Secretary. 


The glad holiday season is upon us and all — whether 
consciously or unconsciously — are paying honor to the 
One who is God's Greatest Gift to man. On Christmas 
morning the children of our Sunday-school rendered a 
Christmas program, and though the roads were very 
rough, yet a fine audience was present to hear them, and 
to encourage the little ones, as they gladly took their part 
in the service. How fine it would be, if all grown folks 

Notes From Oar Correspondents 

As cold water to a thirsty soul, so is good news from a far country 


Santa Ana.— Eld., Jesse Emmert. of La Verne, Calif., just closed 
a two weeks' series of meetings last evening at this place. We 
enjoyed the love feast very much last night. We were pleased to 
have so many of the members of other churches with us. Bro. 
Emmert officiated, assisted by Bro. C. D. Fager, of Glendora, and 
Bro. D. W. Crist, of Los Angeles. Nine ministers were present. 
This church lias surely appreciated Bro. Einmert's labors among* us. 
We were sorry that the meetings had to close at this time, for the 
Bible talks were surely uplifting to all. We had a well-filled 
house at 11 A. M., Dec. 18, to hear Bro. Emmert, although it 
rained all day until late in the evening. All that came ate dinner 
at the church. Then, at 3 P. M., we had the examination serv- 
ices. At 6 P. M. we had the Lord's supper. The services were 
very impressive indeed. The Thanksgiving offering of this church, 
previously given as being §33.93, was later on increased— $50 being 
added to the amount originally given. Over $50 has been given for 
home missions lately.— Mrs. John Pugh, 720 E. First street, Santa 
Ana, Calif., Dec. 19. 

South Los Angeles.— The La Verne College Volunteer Mission 
Band favored us with a Spirit- filled missionary program on the 
evening of Nov. 20. Our special Thanksgiving offering amounted 
to $150. Two letters of membership were received Nov. 27. Our 
revival opened Nov. 29 and closed Dec. 18, conducted by Bro. Jacob 
Funk. He was assisted by his devoted wife and Bro. George W. 
Anglemyer, who had charge of the song service. The attendance 
was good, and several of our neighboring congregations were well 
represented. Bro. Funk's sermons were clear cut and very prac- 
tical. He put forth his strongest efforts to rescue the unsaved, and 
in response twenty persons came forward and started their lives 
anew in Christ. Fifteen of the number are heads of families. Our 
quarterly business meeting was held on the evening of Dec. 21, 
with our pastor, Bro. Boaz, presiding. With very few exceptions 
our present corps of church officers will carry on the work of the 
new year. Our pastor submitted an excellent report, indicating 
that he and his wife have been laboring with untiring sfforts. We 
decided to hold our love feast Jan. 15, at 7 P. M. A sister of our 
congregation, who treasures the work of the church in her heart, 
gave us an agreeable surprise, the first Sunday morning in De- 
■ cember, when she presented $500 to the Sucday-school and $100 to 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 7, 1922 



the Ladies' Aid Society.— Lena I. Swank, 1156 East Forty-fifth 
street. Los Angeles. Calif.. Dec. 22. 


Wciser church met in council Dec. 17. with Bro. Betts in charge. 
Sunday-school officers were elected with Bro. Harry Beckwith, su- 
perintendent. Bro. Marion Pearson is president of Christian Work- 
ers' Society. Bro. Shamberger preached for us on Thanksgiving 
Day. An offering of $38 was taken for the Emergency Fund.— 
Ella Rodabaugh. Weiser, Idaho, Dec. 21. 

Hickory Grove.— Dec. 3 the church met in council, with Eld. P. F. 
Eckerle in charge.. The Sunday-school was reorganized, with Bro. 
John Tenlcy, superintendent. We also decided to organize a Chris- 
tian Workers' Society, to begin the first of the year. Sister Paul B. 
Studcbaker was chosen president. Our newly-formed chorus and la- 
dies' quartette arc bringing some very good music, and are a great 
help on special occasions and in regular church service. Bro. H. 
H. Helman, of South Bend, Ind., is scheduled to be with us Jan. 29, 
to help in our evangelistic campaign.— Florence Studebakcr, Hickory 
Grove, 111., Dec. 27. 

Lamotte Prairie.— Sept. 25 we held our annual Harvest Meeting and 
had a good program in the afternoon. Oct. 30 our pastor, Bro. H. M. 
Fields, began a revival meeting. Sister Lora Wagner, of Virden, 111., 
conducted the song service. Bro. Fields worked most earnestly for 
two weeks and we hope that some may yet be saved through his 
efforts. Nov. 12 we held our love feast, and were glad to have a few 
with us from the Allison Prairie church, among them Bro. Brower. 
Bro. J. C. Lightcap, of Mansfield, 111., was also with us over Sunday, 
and preached two inspiring sermons. Bro. M. S. Seymour has been 
reelected Sunday-school superintendent for another year.— Mrs, 
Ruth Swinger Benson, Palestine, III., Dec. 26. 

Liberty.— We were wonderfully blessed by having Bro. J. D. Heck- 
man with us from Dec. 10 to 14, at which time he delivered four 
excellent sermons to appreciative audiences.— Florence M. Clary, 
Liberty, III., Dec. 26. 

Anderson church is rounding out one of the most encouraging 
years of her existence. We recently met in council. Bro. Russell 
Showalter was chosen as superintendent of our Sunday-school. He 
succeeds Bro. C. H. Hoover, who faithfully served us for nine years. 
During that time he has seen the school in a threefold increase of at- 
tendance. Bro. Showalter feels the great responsibility of succeed- 
ing such a record, but he can, by the help of the church, do even 
more with our well-organized bodies. We arc already looking for- 
ward to the time of our next District Meeting, which is to be held 
here. It is sure to be a great uplift for our membership. On Christ- 
mas night wc enjoyed a Christmas program given by our Sunday- 
school. Bro. Joseph Spitzer recently closed a very interesting meet- 
ing in the Lower Fall Creek church, lasting about two and a half 
weeks. He preached our Thanksgiving Missionary Sermon, which was 
followed by a collection of over $96. Wc are preparing another large 
room in our basement, which is to be used for a kitchen. — Levi Wise, 
1927 Jefferson Street. Anderson, Ind., Dec. 26. 

Bethel Center church met in council Dec. 16, with Eld. J. W. 
Norris present. We elected the following officers: Sister Lydia 
Waters, clerk; the writer, church agent and correspondent. We also 
selected a Missionary Committee of three. Bro. Gotschall, who has 
been with us for two years, has taken charge of the Hartford City 
church and our ministerial committee has secured the services of 
Bro. Winger, of Muncie, Ind., who will begin his work with us 
Jan. 8. Dec. 25 we elected Sunday-school officers, with Sister 
Lydia Waters, superintendent. On Christmas night an interest- 
ing program was given, which was largely attended. The work 
of the various departments of the church is progressing nicely.— 
Lola Waters. Hartford City, Ind., Dec. 26. 

Cedar Creek congregation met in council Dec. 10, with Bro. Chris- 
tian Metzler in charge. Officers were elected for the coming year, 
with Bro. Jesse Ober, Sunday-school superintendent; Mary Ober, 
" Messenger " correspondent. Our church work is moving along 
nicely, with Bro. Theron Weaver in charge. Bro. Manly Deeter, 
Field Director of Religious Education, was with us in November, 
and gave us five inspiring sermons. An offering was taken on 
Thanksgiving Day for the Emergency Fund.— J. Esther Stone- 
street, Garrett, Ind., Dec. 27. 

Eel River church met in council Nov. 26, with Eld. Amos Freed 
presiding. Officers of the church were elected for the ensuing 
year, with Bro. Freed as presiding elder. On Thanksgiving Day 
Bro. Oscar Winger, of Muncie, gave us a Thanksgiving sermon. 
Recently Bro. Walter Marhurger, of Monticello, gave us two ser- 
mons. Dec. 3 Bro. J. L. Guthrie, of Lafayette, Ohio, began a re- 
vival and continued until Dec. 21. He labored earnestly, preach- 
ing the Word with much power and visiting in many homes of the 
community. Four accepted Christ and the members were strength- 
ened. Sister Anna Winger led the song service. Dec. 6 Brethren 
Shultz, Bonsack and Minnich gave much valuable information, 
pertaining to local church problems. Their messages were an en- 
couragement for better service.— Laura Miller, North Manchester, 
Ind., Dec. 22. 

Kokomo church met in council Dec. 19, with Bro. Fred L. Fair 
presiding. Two letters were received and two were granted. Then 
followed the election of church officers. Bro. Luther Archer con- 
tinues as clerk. We elected Sister Hiatt again to serve as su- 
perintendent of the Sunday-school for six months. A Sunday-school 
Board was also chosen, consisting of three, with our pastor and su- 
perintendent as advisory members, to elect teachers and officers. 
Christmas was observed by the children rendering songs and reci- 
tations, after which they were presented with a Christmas treat. 
The Howard church sent a Christmas box, consisting of new 
clothing, mittens, hose, etc., to the Kokomo church, to be dis- 
tributed among the needy. Our pastor, Bro. Fair, began a series 
of meetings at the Beech Grove church on Christmas Day. Bro. 
Kendall, of Copper Creek, preached an inspiring sermpn for us on 
Christmas, on the subject, "What It Is to Be a Christian." Bro. 
Moses Smeltzer, of Noblesville, will preach for us Jan. 8.— Mrs. 
Anna Davis. Kokomo. Ind.. Dec. 26. 

Laporte church met in council at Lake View Dec. 20, with Bro. 
Everett Fisher as moderator. Church and Sunday-school officers 
were elected: Bro. Christian Metzler, elder for one year; Bro. 
Arthur Warner, superintendent at Lake View, and Sister Agnes 
Merchant, at Rossburg. An all-day meeting was held at the Ross 
house on Thanksgiving Day. The offering was $43.50.— Rachel C. 
Merchant, Laporte, Ind., Dec. 21. 

Logansport church met on the evening of Dec. 2, to elect church 
and Sunday-school officers for 1922. Bro. Lewis Garver was chosen 
as Sunday-school superintendent of the main department of the 
school, and Sister Ruth Brower for the primary school. For the 
Christian Workers' Society, Sister Ora Yoder was chosen for the 
adults, and Sister Gertrude Oberlin for the primary. Bro. Garver 
was also selected as class leader for the prayer meeting. The church 
met again on the evening of Dec. 7. to give, for the first time, its 
voice in the choice of a pastor. Bro. Chas. Oberlin was unanimously 
retained for "the place, while Bro. Stinebaugh was chosen as elder. 
A program for the coming year's work was also decided upon, 
which, the Lord granting, will render the year both interesting 
and profitable.— Josephine Hanna, Logansport, Ind., Dec. 24. 
, Middletown.— Bro. J. S. AUdredge, of Anderson, gave us a good 
talk last Sunday morning and evening. We appreciated his 
messages very much. We feel that we were much built up by his 
coming. He promises to be with us every third Sunday of the 
month, which we will greatly appreciate, as our ministerial force 
is very small. The prospect for the future looks bright if we can 
get the help of other ministering brethren.— Florida J. E. Green, 
Middletown, Ind., Dec. 21. 

Mount Pleasant church met in council De©» 21, with Bro. S. D. 
Stoner presiding. Officers were elected, with the writer, corre- 
spondent and " Messenger " agent. Sister Naomi Huffman was 
elected assistant superintendent of the Sunday-school. The writer. 

with D. L. Miller and Wm. J. Ronk, was elected on the Ministerial 
Committee.— D. E. Wilkins, North Salem. Ind., Dec. 27. 

Muncie church closed a two weeks' revival meeting Dec. 18, con- 
ducted by Bro. J. Edson Ulery, of Onckama, Mich. He gave us 
eighteen very interesting sermons. Three were baptized: Dec. 
22 we met in called council to elect the various officers for the 
church and Sunday-school. Bro. Harry Hatcher was chosen Sun- 
day-school superintendent; Sister Leota Fisher, church correspond- 
ent and " Messenger " agent.— Catharine A. Roeger, Muncie, Ind., 
Dec. 23. 

Pipe Creek.— On Christmas morning, at the close of Sunday-school, 
the Primary-Junior Department gave a short program. We also 
had the pleasure of having Bro. Arthur Scrogum, of Accident, Md., 
and Bro. Buryl Hoover, of Manchester College, with us on Christmas 
Day. Bro. Scrogum preached the Word with power, both morning 4 
and evening.— Ruth Dailcy, Peru, Ind,, Dec. 27. 

Pleasant Valley.— Wc have just closed our revival effort, conducted 
by Bro. R. N. Leathcrman, of Cincinnati, Ohio. Nineteen were bap- 
tized. Our song service was conducted by Sister Iva S. Minnich. 
Each evening wc had a special selection of song, given by our 
young people's class, which was very much appreciated. Sister 
Leathcrman was with us over the last Sunday and gave a splendid 
talk to the women, while Bro, Leathcrman addressed the men. Our 
meetings closed on Monday evening with a communion. The meet- 
ings were splendidly supported by the members.— Mrs. Charles For- 
ror. Union City, Ind., Dec 26. 

Union City. — A members' meeting was held at the country house 
Dec. 16, with Bro. B. F. Sharp presiding. Church officers were 
elected for the coming year, with Bro. Chas. L. Flory. elder; Bro. 
Jos. Goughnour, Sunday-school superintendent; the writer, corre- 
spondent and " Messenger " agent. Our pastor, Bro. D. R. Murray, 
and wife are arranging much work for the coming year, and are 
kept quite busy. The children gave an interesting Christmas program 
ou Sunday morning, after which they received their treat. Ar- 
rangements were also made for a White Gift donation for the 
needy people in the city, which was very generous.— Mrs. W. P. 
Noffsinger, Union City, Ind., Dec. 26. 

Upper Fall Creek church met in council Dec. 24. All new officers 
were elected for the coming year. The date for the spring love feast 
is May 21, at 7: 30 P. M.— Rachel E. Alexander, Hagcrstown, Ind., 
Dec. 26. 

Yellow River.— Bro. E. O. Norris. of Pendleton, Ind.. came to us 
Dec. 4 and labored with us in a meeting, closing Dec. 21, He 
preached the Word with power. The inclement weather and bad 
roads were very much against the attendance and interest of the 
meeting. One was baptized. We feel that the church as a whole 
was very much strengthened.— Alma E. Hanawalt, Plymouth. Ind., 
Dec. 26. 

Iowa River.— Nov. 6 we united with other churches of our city 
in a union revival in a tabernacle, accommodating over 4,000 peo- 
ple. Dr. Biedcrwolf preached the Word with great power for five 
weeks. Over 3,000 confessed Christ. Among that'numbcr seven 
desired to unite with our church. Three have been baptized and 
four await the rite. They are all young men and women and (rom 
non-Christian homes. Dec. 15 we had our regular council. Our 
elder, Bro. Cakerice, handed in his resignation, which was ac- 
cepted. Bro. G. W. Keedy was elected as our elder for one year; 
Bro. Earl Jarboc as superintendent of the Sunday-school. The church 
is prospering and we have assisted financially in the Emergency 
Fund, Child Rescue work and met our quota for several church 
assessments. A splendid Christmas program was rendered Dec. 
25 by the Sunday-school.— Susie Kinzic, Marshalltown, Iowa, Dec. 26. 
Ottumwa.— Our attendance is good at all church services, and the 
Sunday-school is growing. It has been necessary to use our Sun- 
day-school room on Sunday evenings, as the main audience room 
will not accommodate all the people who attend. Christmas was a 
day that will not soon be forgotten. The Sunday-school pupils 
decorated the church, and made much preparation for the day's 
services. The decorations were so good that many requests were 
made, that they might be left up for a few weeks, to remind us of the 
splendid time we had together in memory of the Savior's birth. In 
the morning the pastor gave a short talk on the meaning of Christ- 
mas, and suggested that we keep the Christmas spirit ringing 
throughout the year 1922, In the evening a very good program was 
rendered, consisting of recitations, dialogues, and special music. 
Every available seat was taken, and though chairs were carried to 
the church from the parsonage, still many had to stand. The 
churches of South Ottumwa are planning union meetings for the 
week of prayer. The five principal churches will participate in the 
meetings, having a service at each of the churches, with the pas- 
tors exchanging pulpits. We hope that much good may come from 
these services. We ask an interest in the prayers of God's people 
for the Brethren in Ottumwa.— Mrs. Lillie M. Thompson, Ottumwa, 
Iowa, Dec. 26. 

Prairie City.— Bro. I. W. Brubaker preached a Thanksgiving ser- 
mon Nov. 24. An offering was taken for the Mission Board. Our 
love feast was held on Thanksgiving evening, with Bro. Will West, 
of Mt. Morris, 111., officiating. This was followed by a scries of 
meetings, conducted by Bro. West, closing Dec. 11. The meetings 
were well attended and Bro. West labored earnestly. Four accepted 
Christ. Stereopticon views on the life of Christ were shown on 
Christmas evening. Our council meeting was held Dec. 24, with Eld. 
I. W. Brubaker presiding. One letter was granted. The following 
church and Sunday-school officers were elected for the year: Super- 
intendent, Sister Nellie Bowie; associate presidents of the Christian 
Workers' Meeting, Sister Anna Millcson and the writer. Bro. 
Colyn was elected on the ministerial committee for a 
of three years.— Myrtle Dykstra, Percy, Iowa, Dec. 27. 
South Keokuk.— Our Thanksgiving service was held in the fore- 
noon. Dec. 4 Bro. Morris Lough preached a missionary sermon, 
and an offering of $147.21 was taken for the Emergency Fund. 
Dec. 10 we met in council, with Eld. H. N. Butler presiding. He was 
elected elder in charge for the coming year; Sister Rebecca Stan- 
brough, Sunday-school superintendent for six months. Sister 
Glennie Williams was reelected to serve on the missionary com- 
mittee for three years. The investigating committee reported that 
the foundation of the church building, as well as the building other- 
wise, is in poor condition and unfit for remodeling. We decided to 
wait' a year or so before doing anything further. Our Christmas 
program on Sunday evening, was well attended.— Vera M. Wonder- 
Hch, Richland, Iowa, Dec. 29. 

Chapman Creek church convened in council Dec. 10, with Eld. 
E. D. Steward in charge, assisted by Eld. U. S. Brillhart. Officers 
for the church and Sunday-school were elected for the coming yean 
Eld Geo Manon elder; Mrs. Amos Sword, church correspondent 
and' "Messenger" agent; Mrs J. F. Correll, Sunday-school su- 
perintendent; Frank Correll, president of Christian Workers. We 
are expecting the Sunday-school Assembly to be held at this place 
the coming summer.— Mrs. Enoch Derrick, Abilene, Kans., Dec. 21. 
Garden City.— Our church recently closed a scries of revival 
meetings held by Bro. D. H. Hcckman, the pastor. One was re- 
ceived by baptism. Two have been received by letter since the 
last report Our communion service was held on Thanksgiving 
evening, with most of the members in attendance.— Mrs. Henry 
Miller, Garden City, Kans., Dec. 20. 

Navarre.— Dec. 24 an excellent program was given by the Sunday- 
school under the direction of the teachers of the children's division. 
Christmas morning the White Gift service was fittingly carried 
out by the Sunday-school classes under the direction of our pas- 
tor, Bro. O. H. Feiler. The cash offering of $56 was sent to the 
Near East Relief. The baskets of provisions were divided among 
the Armourdale Mission in Kansas City, the Hutchinson Mission, 
and the Brethren Home at Darlow. Kans. This was our first White 
Gift Christmas, and both young and old were happy in the thought 
of bringing happiness to others. Installation services for the new 
officers and teachers of the Sunday-school will be held on New 
Year's Day. The evening services will be in charge of the Mc- 

pherson College students, who are home for the holidays.— Oren 
C. Rock, Enterprise, Kans.. Dec. 26. 

Ramona church met in council Dec. 13, with Bro. C. A. Shank 
presiding. Officers for the coming year were elected: C. A. Shank, 
elder; J. H. Saylor, clerk; H. L. Button, Sunday-school superin- 
tendent. This church has been without a pastor for some time 
and is in great need of some minister to move here, who would 
be willing to get along with a little support. We have a member- 
ship o( thirty and a Sunday-school attendance of sixty to seventy. 
We have a small church building. We are located in a good farm- 
ing community.— Welcome Sondcrgard, Ramona, Kans., Dec. 19. 

Longmeadow.— On Thanksgiving Day Eld. S. D. Hartranft delivered 
an appropriate message. An offering of $25.60 was given for world- 
wide missions. Dec. 5 Bro. I. B. Hensinger came to assist us in a 
revival. He visited in all of the homes. His messages were delivered 
with power. Three stood for Christ. We expect to reorganize our 
Sunday-school in the near future. We had our annual Christmas 
treat Dec. 24.— Mrs. E. S. Rowland, Hagcrstown, Md„ Dec. 27. 

Battle Creek.— A splendid service was held on the morning of 
Thanksgiving Day, with Bro. Russet Welter in charge. Bro. C. L. 
Wilkins, of Grand Rapids, was with us a we.ek, beginning Dec. 14, in 
ttie interest of the District work. Each evening and on Sunday 
morning he brought a helpful and inspiring message. On Christmas 
morning Sister Goldic Swartz, who is spending a short time at the 
sanitarium, gave us a very interesting talk on the subject of our 
missions in India. The morning offering was given to India mis- 
sions. In the evening the Sunday-school gave a splendid Christ- 
mas program to a targe audience. Four letters of membership have 
been received since our last writing.— Mrs. Lloyd G. Weller, Battle 
Creek, Mich.. Dec. 28. 

Onekama.— On Thanksgiving Day we held an all-day service. At 
10:30 Bro. J. E. Joseph preached a splendid sermon. At 1:30 a pro- 
gram was rendered by the children. Dinner was served in the base- 
ment of the church. A collection of $19 was taken for the Emer- 
gency Fund. Nov. 26 wc held our love feast. On Christmas morn- 
ing a good program was rendered. The children filled a targe basket 
with donations for the mission at Grand Rapids. A collection of 
$12.60 was taken for the mission, and one of $25 for District Mission 
work.— Grace Deal, Onekama, Mich., Dec. 26. 


Lewlston.— Our annual council was held Dec. 3. Bro. D F 
Landis was reelected elder in charge for another year; Sister Lan- 
dis. Sunday-school superintendent. The Sunday-school Board de- 
cided to try out the card system of enrollment, to encourage better 
attendance at Sunday-school. We very much miss Bro. J. H. Wirt's 
presence, and are much concerned just now for his wife, who is in a 
serious condition. Our Thanksgiving offering, with what the 
organized classes and Aid Society gave, amounted to $71.05 for the 
Emergency Fund. Christmas morning we had a program, at which 
time about $20 was received for Russian relief.— Mrs. Lizzie Wirt 
Lcwiston, Minn., Dec. 28. 


Fairview.-Wc met for Sunday-school and church services in the 
forenoon. Dinner was served at the church. Then we were enter- 
tained by a short but interesting program by the Sunday-school. 
There were songs, recitations and also some good readings, which 
encouraged the young folks and gave the children a chance to be- 
come workers for the Lord.— Belle Hylton, Fairview, Mo., Dec. 26. 


Falls City.— Sept. 1 the writer accepted a call to locate*in this 
congregation, which had been without a pastor for several years. 
We found about forty members, most of whom are loyally support- 
ing the Work in every way. The Sunday-school is alive, and doing 
good work. Dec. 4 the church began a series of meetings with the 
pastor in charge. Previous -to the meetings a number of cottage 
prayer meetings were held. Interest in the revival services was 
growing splendidly, when, at the close of the first week, it was 
thought best to close the meetings, on account of diphtheria in 
the community. Three decided for Christ and received Christian 
baptism.— Clarence E. Schrock, R. D. 2, Falls City, Nebr., Dec. 21. 

Brumbaugh church met in council Dec. 17, with Eld. John Deal 
presiding. Bro. Deal was chosen elder for another year. We re- 
organized the Sunday-school, with Bro. Lewis Robertson, superin- 
tendent. Bro. Johnnie Deal was chosen to assist the elder and 
superintendent in finishing the organization. We are glad to re- 
port that our church has been able to raise enough money to pay 
off all indebtedness and have a balance on hand of $48.06.— Elsie 
Deardorff, Rock Lake, N. Dak., Dec. 19. 

Surrey church met in council Dec. 21, One letter was granted. 
We decided to hold a scries of meetings next summer. We also 
decided not to ask for District Meeting, unless the time can be 
changed to an earlier date. Church and Sunday-school officers were 
elected, with Bro. D. T. Dicrdorff, elder for another year; Bro. D. 
S. Pctry, Sunday-school superintendent.— Nora E. Pctry, Surrey, 
N. Dak., Dec. 21. 


Black Swamp.— Nov. 29 Bro. Reuben Shroyer, of North Canton, 
began a revival effort at our church, which lasted until Dec. 18. 
He preached the Gospel with purity, delivering in all twenty-three 
excellent sermons. We celebrated Dec. 25, with appropriate exer- 
cises by the Sunday-school scholars and an address by our pastor, 
Bro. Ceo. Garner. An offering of $6 was taken for missions.— Mrs. 
Asenath Baker. LcMoyne. Ohio. Dec. 26. 

Castlne. — Bro. Wright, of North Manchester, Ind., came to help 
us in a two weeks' scries of meetings the last of August. He gave 
us good, sound doctrine, which was helpful to all. Bro. Wright 
visited in many homes. Two Sunday-school boys accepted Christ. 
Nov. 20 we lifted an offering of over $40 for the Emergency Fund. 
Last Sunday Bro. Binkley, of Pitsburg, gave us a splendid address 
on " Profit and Loss."— Mrs. D. H. Fundurburg, Castine, Ohio, 
Dec. 24. 

Cedar Grove.— Dec. 18 Bro. S. A. Blessing gave us a splendid 
sermon, encouraging us in our work. Dec. 25 Bro. Ben Timmons 
gave a good sermon on peace, presenting to us the need of peace, 
and how we might obtain it.— Mrs. Omer Pierson, New Madison. 
Ohio, Dec. 25. 

Circleville.— Our revival, conducted by Bro. J. C. Inman. of 
Springfield, Ohio, closed on Sunday evening, Dec. 18. Bro. Inman 
preached twenty-six very spiritual and helpful messages. He also 
visited in many homes. The church was greatly strengthened, and 
eight were added to the Kingdom. Five were baptized and three 
restored. Sister Etta Hellman, of Covington, Ohio, had charge of 
the song service and did very acceptable work. Our business 
meeting was held on Friday evening, Dec. 23. Officers were 
elected for the coming year. Various committees were appointed 
to look after the different activities of the church. Bro. Chas. 
Essick was reelected as Sunday-school superintendent. Our com- 
munion services were held on Sunday evening, Dec. 18. Forty-one 
communed. Bro. Inman officiated. Brethren Hatton and Stoner, 
of Bremen, Ohio, assisted with the service. The outlook for the 
future is very bright, and we ask for an interest in the prayers of 
God's people.— Mrs. Oliver Royer, Circleville. Ohio. Dec. 26. 

Fairview church met in council Dec. 10, with Eld. N. K. McKimmy 
as moderator. He was elected elder for the coming year. Elders 
Geo. Garner and Shroyer were also present. One letter was grant- 
ed. Dec. 17 we met in special council to elect our Sunday-school 
and church officers. Sister Orpha Titler is our Sunday-school su- 
perintendent.— Audrey Roberts, Swanton, Ohio. Dec. 22. 

Harris Creek.— Nov. 5 we enjoyed another love feast, with Bro. 

Otho Winger officiating. He also preached for us on Sunday raorn- 

(Continued on Page 16) 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 7, 1922 


(Continued from Page 1!) 
Thlt made the business satisfactory to all of us. In that 
way I lived tip to Rom. 13: 8 and still strengthened my 

In 1901 I was in Oregon at the District Meeting of that 
State District and the question came up, how best to 
raise money for church purposes. The deacons and laity 
tven given an opportunity to express their views. Ihen 
the preachers each had five minutes. When my time 
cami 1 said that five minutes would not be time enough 
for me, but if at any period during this meeting I were 
allotted half an hour. 1 would give them my method 
Different brethren then assigned to me their time, and 
then the moderator said: "You now have your half 
hour." , 

My talk was well received. During my stay oi over 
two months 1 preached some sixty sermons, giving sev- 
„al discourses on tithing by request. How much benefit 
was derived from them, I do not know. My own ex- 
perience has been valuable to me. I always had money 
a, needed. Years ago, when the calls to build churches 
were made through the "Messenger," iny wife and 1 
each had $10 to give to every call made, and to some 

ave as high as $25 each, and still had enough for 

missionary purposes. We always had money to give to 
worthy needs. 

I was twelve vears in the deacon's office and have given 
almost forty year, to the ministry. I have preached in 
twelve States, and held several series of meetings I 
never received ten dollars for my expenses, neither did 
1 use the tithe money for such outlay. The nine-tenths 
were worth more to me, and went farther by tithing, 
tfcan all my income would have yielded without tithing. 

In v.siting in a brother's house, I told the family of 
the advantages that tithing was to me. The sister told 
me. some vears after, that, after I left, they talked it 
over, and agreed to try it for one year, and if not 
satisfied, to quit it. But at the end of the year she 
realized that they had done better, by giving a tenth, 
than ever before. 

1 am sure that the Lord has blessed me more than he 
would have done, had 1 not tithed. He gave enough to 
put a nice little sum with the Mission Board, and to help 
all my children start in life with money over and above 
what I got from my father. Paul says in 1 Cor: 16: 2: 
" Upon the first day of the week, let every one of you 
lay by in store, as God hath prospered him." 

How can any of us determine the basis upon which to 
give, excepting by the tithe? None of us can really give 
to God or his cause, until the tithe is paid. This we all 
owe him. 

The tithe is one of the important things that concerns 
our spiritual growth. I am still able to do a fair day's 
work of almost any kind, without feeling unduly tired. 
I eat and sleep like a boy. All this shows how good God 
has been to me. Samuel Studebaker. 

Pearl City. 111. 


Two families— all members of the Brethren Church- 
located at Locke within the last year. We are ten 
miles from Freeville, where our nearest church is lo- 
cated, and where we attend services. We are thirteen 
miles from the Lake Ridge church. 

The weather has been fine here this fall, except for 
some rainy, cloudy weather in November. 

Bro. John R. Snyder began a series of meetings at 
Freeville, Nov. 16, and continued nearly three weeks. His 
sermons were clear-cut, forceful and God-fearing. All 
who heard him were aroused to a greater sense of duty. 
We live on the State Road and attended all but a few 
of these services. Our love feast was held Dec. 3, with' 
Bro. Snyder officiating. The service was very impressive. 
At this writing, Dec. 18, the weather is fine. The ground 
has not frozen as yet. We had about one inch of snow 
in November and one and a half inches in December, 
but it is all gone now. 

Locke has an elevation of 500 feet. It is in the midst 
of a fine dairy section. There are many large herds 
of good dairy cattle here. 

Splendid crops are raised in this section. Although 
this was a poor fruit year in most places, we were able 
to get fine peaches, pears, plums, grapes and apples, 
which were raised around the Finger Lakes— a distance 
of ten to twenty-five miles from us. 

There is an abundance of good water. In and around 
Locke are several flowing wells. It is thought by many 
that the Finger Lakes greatly modify the climate in this 
part of New York. 

A brother and sister, living thirteen miles from here, 
who came from Missouri eight years ago, say that they 
do not mind the winters any more than they did in Mis- 
souri. This section is noted for its fine scenery. Well- 
improved land, with good buildings, can be bought at 
reasonable prices and on good terms. The people are 
industrious and hospitable: very few are foreigners. God's 
field is large and we need more workers. "Come over 
and help us." Mrs. A. F. Franz. 


larafa Ann Tracey, daughter of Eld. Eli and Sarah Mctz, born in 
.rk County, Ohio, Oct. 14. 1852, died at her home within the 
bounds of the Oak Grove congre- 
gation. Collins. Mo.. Nov. 11. 1921. 
At the age of sixteen, with licr 
parents, she moved to Elkhart, 
Ind. In 1870 she married E. W. 
Tracey and the following year 
they moved to Carroll County, Mo. 
In 1874 they united with the 
Church ol the Brethren in the 
Wakcnda congregation. In 1875 
her husband was called to the of- 
fice of deacon. She served faith- 
fully and performed cheerfully the 
duties that fell to her as a dea- 
con's wife. 

Being of a quiet and reserved 
disposition she was in no way a 
public leader, but the life she 
lived in her home and in the com- 
munity preaehed sermons that will 
live long in the hearts of those 
who knew her best. She had been 
afflicted for about thirty years, 
but bore it all patiently. Her final 

illness was a mailer of .lbout six weeks. She leaves her husband. 

three sons, live daughters, twenty-seven grandchildren, seven 

Great-grandchildren, two brothers and one sister. 
Hope. Kans. Ellen Jordan. 


the Broadfording church by Rev. Rider and B 
in the cemetery adjoining.— C. S. Hykes, 

, Md. 
Grossnickle, Daniel M.. 

o. D. R. 

Sarah Ann Tracey 



of John and Deborah Whiting Gross- 
nickle, born near Newtonsvillc. Ohio, died at his home in the same 
place, Oct. 30. 1921. aged 67 years. 4 months and 10 days. In 1874 he 
married Mahala Pringle. There were two sons and two daughters. 
In 1872 he united with the Church of. the Brethren and in 1908 he 
was called to the deacon's office, in which capacity he served until 
bis death. He leaves his wife, four children, three brothers and 
two sisters. Services at the church hy Eld. C. V. Coppock. Burial 
in the McCollum cemetery.— Mary S. Carr, Newtonsville, Ohio. 

Gustinc, Dora Ann, wife of John M. Gustinc. and daughter of J. 
W. and Elizabeth McMillen. born in Bratton Township, died at her 
home in Peebles, Dec. 15, 1921. aged 65 years. 9 months and 1 day. 
She leaves her husband, four sisters and three brothers. She was 
a consistent member of the Louisville Methodist church during 
her life. Services at the home of the undersigned. Interment at 
Locust Grove cemetery.— Van B. Wright, Peebles. Ohio. 

Harlacher, Eva Elizabeth, wife of Peter Harlachcr, died Nov. 2>, 
1921, aged 80 years and 22 days. She was a member of the Brethren 
Church for many years. Interment in the Bermudian house ceme- 
tery. Lower Conewago congregation.— A. L. Trimmer, East Ber- 
lin. Pa. 

Hershberger, Sister Fannie 
and Eliza Gnagey. born at 
Hospital, Chicago, III.. Dec. 
28 days. Dec. 31, 1889. she w 
S. Hershberger. This union was 
daughters— all living and present 
survived by three brothers and tw 
the home has been bereft of a i 
mother. The Junior Department 
deprived of one of its best teachi 
lost one of 

SIDNEY, IND.— Report of Eel River Aid Society for 1921: We 
held 12 all-day meetings, with an average attendance of 18. We 
finished 136 garments and one quilt. We gave $25 to the church 
for missionary purposes; $25 to one of our ministers; SI to the 
District Secretary; $5 to the Delphi church; other expenses, $34,06. 
We sold 43 garments for $34.85; received $33.77 for free-will and 
birthday offerings. We also sent a box of clothing to Mexico Home. 
valued at $20; balance, $43.32. Officers: Sister Alma Matson, Pres- 
ident; Sister Mattic Tridle. Vice President; the writer, Secretary- 
Treasurer.— Mrs. Grace Fultz, Sidney, Ind., Dec. 17. ■ 

STAUNTON, VA.— Report of the Staunton and Arbor Hill Aid 
Society for year ending-Nov. 1, 1921: Number of meetings, 8. in- 
cluding 3 all-day meetings. Number on roll, 12; average attendance, 
5; total visitors, 14. Our work consisted of making bonnets, rugs, 
prayer-veils, comforters, aprons, etc. We also held a lunch sale on 
court-day. We gave clothing, provisions, a comforter and a quilt 
to the Colored Orphans' Home; food and clothing to a poo.r family; 
made 50 calls to the sick. Balance in treasury from last year, 
$12.45; offerings, $15.61; birthday offerings. $2.90; donations, $23.35; 
for work done, $77.33; total, $131.64. Beside this we received $51.20 
from the Sunday-school and Christian Workers' Society, for work 
done by the Aid, We rcpapered the church, furnished book-racks 
for the pews and other improvements, amounting to $117.46; sent 
$10 to the wife of our evangelist; paid $28.51 for material; balance, 
$26.87. Officers: President, Willie Rexrode; Secretary, the writer; 
Treasurer. Josic Sheets— Esteila Garber, Staunton, Va.. Dec. 19. 

UNION CENTER, IND.— We had 18 all-day meetings and 2 half-day. 
We quilted 4 quilts, knotted 16 comforts, made 35 sun-shades, besides 
doing some sewing for different families. We made 111 garments in 
all. We sent $20 to Chicago hospital, also a box of bedding and cloth- 
ing, and a crate of chickens. Average attendance, 15; enrollment, 
34. Officers: President. Lovina Slabaugh; Vice-President, Minnie 
Warner; Secretary, Treva Anglemyer; Treasurer, Carrie Stump- 
Minnie Warner, Nappanee. Ind., Dec. 15. 



inge notices should be accompanied by 50 centos 

Please note that the fifty cents required for the publication of a 
marriage notice may be applied to a three months' " Gospel Mes- 
senger subscription for the newly-m3rried couple. Request should 
Se made when the notice is sent, and full address given. 

Brubaker-H offer. — By the undersigned, at'the home of the bride's 
parents, in Elizabethtown, Pa., Bro. Enos Brubaker and Sister Helen 
Hoffer, both of Lebanon, Pa. — Nathan* Martin, Lebanon, Pa, 


Cripe-Dilling.— By the ilnd. 
its, Brother and Sister 
H. Cripe and Sister V 

. R. Oberlin, Logansport 

rsigned, at the home of the bride' 
Will Musselman. Dec. 20. 1921, Brc 
ra F. Dilling, both of Camden. Ind.- 


"Blessed are the dead which die In the Lord" 

Brown, Sister Martha E„ widow of Bro. Rezean Brown, born Oct. 
16. 1854. died at her home, near South Bend, within the bounds of 
the Portage congregation, Dec. 6, 1921. Her husband died about a 
year ago. Early in life she united with the Church of the Brethren 
and remained faithful to the church of her choice. She is survived 
by four children, three brothers and one sister. Services by the 
undersigned at the residence. Burial in Mt. Pleasant cemetery.— 
Chas. M. Voder, South Bend, Ind. 

Clem me r, Bro. Jesse, born in Montgomery County. Pa., died at his 
borne in Batavia. III.. Dec. 18, 1921, aged 84 years. 6 months and 
1 day. He married Hellena Semler in 1858. who died eighteen years 
later. There were two sons and two daughters. He later married 
Sarah Whitman, who preceded him by two days. They had one 
daughter. All the children survive except one ' son. He united 
with the Church of the Brethren in early life and remained faithful 
and loyal. Services hy Eld. Ezra Flory, assisted by the writer. 
Interment in the East Batavia cemetery.— C. H. Kaiser, Batavia. III. 

Emmert, Sister Mac Berkley, born Sept. 10. 1S92, in Johnstown, 
Pa., died Nov. 28, 1921, at Somerset, Pa. She was an invalid for almost 
one year. She united with the church when young in years, and 
was a faithful member. Services by the writer, assisted by Bro. E. 
M. Detwiler. Interment in the Grandview cemetery. Johnstown.— 
C. G. Hesse. Somerset, Pa. 

Gilbert, Sarah, ncc S 
her son, near Trotwood 
She was born in the bounds of the Li 
John Stauffer, was one of the pioneer: 
married Mahlon Gilbert in 1860. There wi 
one daughter and one brother remain. Thei 
and five great-grandchildren. She became a member 
the Brethren more than half a century ago and 
very consistent Christian life. Services at the Low 
by Eld. Jesse Noffsingcr and the undersigned.— J. 
ton, Ohio. 

died Dec. 13, 1921, at the home of 
aged 83 years, 9 months and 4 days. 
Jiami church. Her father, 
of this community. She 
i seven children. One sou, 
arc also nine grandchildren 
i member of the Church of 
Iways lived 



O. Garst, Day- 

nee Gnagey, (laughter of Emanuel 

Grantsville, Md., died at Bethany 

1921, aged 54 years. 4 months and 

. united in marriage with Bro. Jonas 

as blessed with four sons and three 

it the last services. She is also 

3 sisters. In her sudden passing, 

■ise counselor— an ideal wife and 

of the Sunday-school has been 

rs and helpers. The church has 

rsted in 

Cordon, Lloyd Nelson, son of Guy and Sister May Gordon, died 
Nov. 6. 1921. aged 1 year and 2 months. Surviving arc his parents. 

most loyal supporters— one who was in 
her every work, and for the furtherance of which she was willing 
to make every sacrifice possible. The community will miss one 
of her deeply-loved and highly-respected citizens. Services in the 
Waterloo City church by the writer, assisted by Eld. J. W. Lear, 
of Chicago. Interment in the Orange Township cemetery.— A. P. 
Blough, Waterloo, Iowa. 

Horner, Nathaniel, born in Cambria County, Pa., Jan. 30, 1845, 
died at the home of his son Clarence. Dale Terrace, Johnstown. 
Pa., Oct. 28, 1921, aged 76 years, 8 months and 28 days. He was a 
son of Bro. Samuel J. and Sister Hannah Varner Horner, of the 
" Horner Homestead," of many years ago, in Walnut Grove. He 
was married twice, both wives having preceded him to the grave. 
He is survived by three sons, four daughters, one brother and one 
sister. One son died in the service of his country over-seas, in the 
World War. Services by the undersigned at the home of Clarence 
Horner, his son. Text, Gen. 3: 19. Interment in Sandyvale ceme- 
tery.— M. Clyde Horst, Huntingdon, Pa. 

Johnson, Cloyd Raymond, youngest son of Mr. and Mrs. I. M. 
Johnson, born in Grant County, Ind., died at the home of his par- 
ents, in Manistee County, Mich., of diphtheria, Oct. 9, 1921, aged 9 
years, 1 month and 29 days. He leaves father and mother, two 
brothers and four sisters. Services hy Bro. L. T. Holsinger at 
Brethren— Ella Keith, Brethren, Mich. 

Kclchner, Sister Verna Lena, daughter of Brother and Sister 
Nathan Kclchner, died at the home of her parents. Dec. 17. 1921. 
aged 12 years, 9 months and 22 days. The cause of her death was 
scarlet fever. Interment at burying- ground of the Midway meet- 
inghouse.— Nathan Martin, Lebanon, Pa. 

Kniccly, Sister Mary Elizabeth, died of a complication of diseases, 
in the Sangerville congregation. Nov. 30, 1921. aged 60 years, 6 
months and 12 days. She united with the church many years ago. 
She leaves a husband, two sons-and three daughters. Services by 
Brethren A. S. Thomas and M. G. Sanger. Interment in the ceme- 
tery at Emanuel church.— Meda G. Argcnbright, Bridgewater, Va. 

Kuhn, Sister Susan, died at the home of her daughter, in Man- 
beim. Pa., in the White Oak congregation, of complications,. Dec. 
7, 1921. aged 77 years and 8 days. She is survived by one daughter, 
two sons, three sisters and several grandchildren. She united with 
the Church of the Brethren in her youth and lived a consistent, 
exemplary life. Services at her residence by the home ministers. 
Interment in Kreidcr's cemetery.— Susan Gibble, Manhcim, Pa. 

McNair, Sister Cynthia, born at Upper Sandusky, Ohio, died 
Dec. 1, 1921. aged 81 years and 10 months. Her husband and three 
children preceded her. She leaves four sons and three daughters. 
Services by Bro. N. K. McKimmy, assisted by Brethren R. 
Shroyer and Geo. Garner, at the home of her daughter, Mrs. 
Counterman, who kindly cared for mother until she was called 
hence. Her body was taken to her former home, Salinn, Ohio, for 
burial.— Erma Kascr, Toledo. Ohio. 

Meek, Wm. B., born in Berks County, Pa., died Dec. 14. 1921, 
aged SS years, 3 mouths and 7 days. At the age of twenty-two he 
married Mary Ann Lausch. There were two children who survive 
with eight grandchildren and nine great-grandchildren. His wife 
preceded him twenty-eight years ago. In 1859 he united with the 
Church of the Brethren, being a faithful member for sixty-two years. 
Services at the Octavia church by Bro. J. R. Smith, assisted by Bro. 
F. E. Ditzler. Interment in the Edbbim cemetery.— J. J. Papa, 
Octavia. Nebr. 

Myers, Sarah, daughter of Henry and Nancy Eshelman, died at 
her home in Cambridge City, Ind., Dec. 2, 1921, aged 71 years, 1 
month and 9 days. She united with the Church of the Brethren in 
1872, in which faith she remained." In 1883 she married Moses Myers, 
who died in 1913. There were three children. She leaves one 
daughter, six grandchildren, one brother and two stepsons. Services 
by Brethren Oscar Working and Daniel Bowman at the Brick 
church.— Mary E. Rinehart, Hagerstown, Ind. 

Ncher, Daniel D., born in Stark County, Ohio. March 22. 1826. 
died at his home, near Leeton, Mo., Dec. 14, 1921. aged 95 years, 8 
. months and 22 days. He was twice married— first to Catherine 
Frantz in 1848, who died one year later. In 1850 he was married to 
Catherine Miller. He was the father of twelve children, nine of 
whom preceded him to the eternal home. Bro. Neher came to 
Johnson County. Mo., in 1870, and helped to develop the mineral 
Creek congregation in all its activities. He was a deacon for nearly 
three-quarters of a century. Three of his sons likewise were 
deacons. One of them is still living. He and three of his brothers 
—one of whom is still living in Indiana— lived to be past ninety 
years old. Bro. Neher was sick only a short time, and death came 
from the infirmities of old age, together with a malady of many 
years' duration. Services by the home brethren. The text, Rev. 
14: 13, was of bis own choosing. The hymns were also selected by 
him. He was buried in the Mineral Creek cemetery, where many of 
his loved ones are resting.— D. L. Mohlcr, Leeton, Mo. 

Paccly, Sister Elizabeth Jane, daughter of Peter and Dorcas 
CHnc, born in Monroe County. Ohio, died at her home in Musca- 
tine, Iowa. Nov. 27, 1921. aged 57 years, 11 months and 19 days. She 
lived in Indiana, from the time she was two years old, until her 
marriage to Horace Paccly, March 8, 1891. when she came to Musca- 
tine, where she has since resided. Four daughters were born to 
them, all of whom "survive her. The husband preceded her April 
18. 1906. May 12, 1917. she united with the Church of the Brethren, 
and her four daughters came into the church at about the same time. 
She was much interested in the work of the church, and rejoiced 
to see her daughters as workers in the church and Sunday-school. 
Services by the writer at the Church of the Brethren, 1133 Lucas 
street. Burial in the Island cemetery.— Wm. H. Eiler. Muscatine, 
Iowa. « 

Puffcnbarger, Sister Mandy, born near Sugar Grove. W. Va., died 
at the home of her daughter, near the same place, Dec. 17, 1921, of 
paralysis, aged 77 years. Three sons, four daughters and one sister 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 7, 1922 

survive. Her husband preceded licr some years ago. She was a 
member of Hie Church of the Brethren for a number of years. Serv- 
ices in the Lutheran church by Bro. W. P. Simmons. Interment 
in the cemetery near by.— Clara R. Bodkin, Sugar Grove. W. Va. 

Rock, Sister Mary Ellen, daughter of Bro. Daniel Miller, died at 
her home near Welsh Run. Nov. JO. 1921, aged 30 years, -1 months 
and 2-1 days. Her husband, Bro. Cyrus Rock, and four children 
survive. She united with the Church of the Brethren early in life 
and lived faithful until death. Services at the Upton church by 
Brethren F. M. McCoy and D. M. Zuck. Interment in the ceme- 
tery near by.— Mrs. N. A. Winger, Mercersburg. Pa. 

5chuman, Sister Anna Barbara, daughter of Mr. and Mrs. John 
Bair, born in Nuremberg, Germany, Nov. 21, 1838. She came to 
America in 1855. During the same year she married Geo. Schuman. 
Both came to Astoria in 1853. There were eight children. Her bus- 
hand preceded her in 1895. She became a member of the Lutheran 
Church in Germany, and united with the Church of the Brethren 
in 1863, to which she remained faithful. She was stricken with 
paralysis on Nov. 28 and died Dec. 6, 1921, aged 90 years and 15 
days. Services at the South Fulton church by Eld. A. H. Lind. 
Interment in the cemetery near by— Hettie L. Gibble, Astoria, 111. 

Shaffner, Sister Barbara, died at the home of her' daughter, Mrs. 
Isaac Minnich, of Manhcim, Pa., in the hounds of the White Oak 
congregation, of pneumonia, Nov. 10, 1921, aged 72 years, 7 months 
and 29 days. She is survived by one son, two daughters, one sister, 
one brother and a number of grandchildren. She was a faithful 
member of the Church of the Brethren for many years. Services 
in the Manhcim church by the home ministers. Interment in 
Kreidcr's cemetery. — Susan Gibble, Manhcim, Pa. 

Skillman, Elizabeth Ann, daughter of Joseph and Sarah Worth, 
died at her home near Ansonia, Ohio, Dec. 9, 1921, aged 77 years, 
5 months and 29 days. In 1866 she married David I. Skillman. There 
were eleven children, four of whom died in early life. About forty- 
five years ago she united with the Church of the Brethren, to which 
she was loyal to the end. About a year ago her health failed, but 
through it all she was patient. Services at the Tcegarden Christian 
Church by the writer, assisted by Bro. W. P. Noffsinger.— D. R. 
Murray, Union City, Ind. 

Summy, Sister Lulu, daughter of I. J,, and Edna Rough, born 
at Huntsdale, Pa., died at the Presbyterian Hospital, Waterloo, 
Iowa. Dec. 5, 1921, aged 30 years, 3 months and 20 days, 
Nov. 24, 1913, she was united in marriage with Bro. Alvin 
M. Summy. To this union were born two children. She is 
also survived by her parents, three brothers and two sisters, 
June, 1908, marked her acceptance, in a public way, of Jesus as her 
personal Lord and Savior, and the time when she was received into 
membership of the Churcli of the Brethren. She was interested in 
every activity of the church, especially so in the work of the Sun- 
day-school, where she was a real helpmeet to her husband who, 
for several years, has so ably directed the work of the Sunday- 
school as its superintendent. Services by the writer, assisted by 
Eld. W. H. Lichty. Burial in the Orange Township cemetery.— A. 
P. Blough, Waterloo, Iowa. 

Weaver, Bro. John Wesley, horn in Huntingdon County, Pa„ died 
in the Harrisburg, Pa., State Hospital, Dec. 17, 1921, aged -16 years, 
9 months and 20 days. He married Anna Parks Aug. 21, 1915. He 
united with the Roxbury church Dec. 3. 1917, and remained faithful, 
Services by Eld. E. M. Detwiler. Interment in Grandview ceme- 
tery.— Jerome E. -Blough, Johnstown, Pa. 

Whisler, Aaron Sylvester, son of Henry and Margaret Whislcr, 
liom near Udell, Iowa, died of paralysis, Dee. 17. 1921. at his home 
at Udell, aged 60 years. 11 months and 16 days. In 1885 he mar- 
ried Mattie Ellen King. There were nine children, two of whom 
preceded him. He is survived by his wife, seven children, eleven 
grandchildren, one sister and three brothers. He united with the 
Church of the Brethren in 1892 and was called to the office of 
deacon in 1897. One son is in the ministry. Services by Elders 
Orlando Ogdcn and Anthony Sanger.— Orlando Ogden, UnionvMIe, 

Yodcr, Clarence R., diet! at his home at Hoovcrsville, Pa,, Dec. 
2, 1921, aged 37 years, S months and 27 days. He is survived by his 
wife, one son and two daughters. Services at the home by the 
writer. Interment in the .Maple Spring cemetery.— Chas. W. Blough. 
Hollsopplc, Pa. 


General Mission Board.— H. C. Early, Chairman, Penn Laird. Va.; 
Otho Winger, Vice-Chairman, North Manchester, Ind.; Chas. D. Bon- 
sack, Acting General Secretary, Elgin, 111.; J. J. Yoder, McPherson, 
Kans.; A. P. Blough, 1315 Grant Ave., Waterloo, Iowa. Missionary 
Educational Secretary, H. Spenser Minnich. Elgin, 111.; Home Mis- 
sion Secretary, M. R. Zigler, Elgin, III.; Treasurer, Clyde M. Culp, 
Elgin, 111. 

General Sunday School Board.— H. K. Ober, Chairman, Elizabeth- 
town, Pa.; C. S. Ikenberry, Vice-Chairman, Dalevillc, Va.; Ezra Flory, 
Secretary and Field Director. Elgin, 111.; Jas. M. Mohler. Treasurer, 
Leeton, Mo.; J. W. Cline, 1323 Bronson Ave., Los Angeles. Calif. 

General Educational Board.— D. W. Kurtz, President, McPherson, 
Kans.; D. M. Garver, Vice-President, Trotwood, Ohio; J. S. Noff- 
singer, Secretary-Treasurer. 358 Sixtieth St., Brooklyn. N. Y.; J. S. 
Flory, Bridgewater, Va.; J. W. Lear. 3-135 W. Van Buren Street, Chi- 
cago, III. Assistant Secretary for the Board. H. Spenser Minnich, El- 
gin, III. 

General Christian Workers' Board,— I. V. Fundcrburgh, Chairman, 
I-a Verne, Calif.; Eva Lichty Whisler. Vice-Chairman, Millcdgevillc, 
111.; W. O. Tannreuther, Secretary-Treasurer, Waterloo. Iowa. Gen- 
eral Secretary for the Board, C. H. Shamberger, Elgin, 111. 

General Ministerial Board.— W. S. Long, Chairman. 510 Fifth St., 
Altoona, Pa.; D. H, Zigler. Vice-Chairman, Broadway, Va.; S. S. Blough, 
Secretary, 328 Central Ave.. Decatur, III.; David Metzler, Nappanec, 
Ind.; S. J. Miller, La Verne, Calif. 

Temperance and Purity Committee.— H. S. Replogle, Secretary, 
Windber, Pa.; J. Carson Miller, Treasurer. Moores Store, Va. . 

Peace Committee.— W. J. Swigart, Chairman, Huntingdon, Pa.: J. 
M. Henry. Secretary. 337 N. Carolina Ave., S. E„ Washington. D. C; 
Jacob Funk. Treasurer, Pomona, Calif. Advisory Member, I. W. 
Taylor. Ephrata, Pa. 

Homeless Children Committee.— M. R. Brumbaugh, Chairman, Mar- 
tinsburg, Pa.; P. S. Thomas. Secretary. Harrisonburg, Va.; E. E. 
John. Treasurer. McPherson. Kans. Advisory Member, Geo. C. Carl. 
1125 Albina Ave.. Portland, Ore. Advisory Members from Sisters' 
Aid Society: Rachel A. Ulery, Timberville. Va.; Ida -M. Winger. North 
Manchester, Ind.; Mrs. John L. Kuns, McPherson, Kans.; Jennie Bru- 
bakcr. Covina, Calif. 

Dress Reform Committee.— E. M. Studebaker. Chairman. McPher- 
son Kans.; J. J. John, Vice-Chairman, New Windsor. Md.; Lydia E. 
laylor, Secretary-Treasurer, Mt. Morris. III.; Eva Trostle, 3435 Van 
"ircn St.. Chicago; Mary Polk Ellenberger, R. D. 1, Skidmore, Mo. 

Tract Examining Committee.— J. P. Dickey. Chairman, La Verne, 
hSl"-J Edgar Rothrock. Secretary. Holmesville, Ncbr.; E. B. Hoff, 
T J 06 S- Seventeenth Ave.. Maywood, 111.; Jas. M. Moore, Lanark, III.; 
r - T. Myers. Huntingdon, Pa. 

u , Mu «' c Committcc.-Cora M, Stahly, Chairman, Nappanee. Ind.; 
vill p Bccr *' Secretary, Elgin, III.; J. B. Miller, Treasurer, Curry- 
Conference Program Committee.— W. O. Beckner. Chairman, Mc- 
rnerson, Kans.; G. A. Snider, Secretary, Lima, Ohio; J. A. Dove, 
■-■ovcrdale, Va. 

Officer* of Sisters' Aid Society.— Mrs. M. C. Swigart, President. 6611 
^trmantown Ave.. Philadelphia, Pa.; Mrs. Geo. L. Studebaker, Vice- 
Mniedgevil }f U Ui e ' ^ ""' S ' U ^^ S « rctar y Tr « surer, 

Auditing Committee.— E. M. Butterbaugh, Warsaw, Ind.; J. J. Oiler, 
'•aynesboro, Pa. 

wfeH e 5w f A £ v ^ 01 ?' Bo ? rd of American Bible Society .-Albert C. 
'neand, 832 S. Humphrey Avenue, Oak Park, III. 

RM>Ms"low*a aiIWay Tran,por,ation Agent.-Dr. S. B. Miller, Cedar 

Annual Meeting Treaaurer.-E. J. Stouffer. Mulberry Grove, III-. 



'rTHrTMAN -,;" I 


These long winter evenings make it possible for everyone to 
read. A book is a living thing with heart and mind and soul and spirit, 
and out from every good book issues forth a stream that cleanses the 
lives of all whom it touches. 

Anne of Avonlea $1,75 

L. M. Montgomery 

Anne of Green Gables, 1.75 

I.. M. Montgomery 

Anne of the Island, 1.75 

L, M, Montgomery 

Billy Topsail, M. D 1.65 

Norman Duncan 

The Winning of Barbara Worth, 1.00 

Harold B. Wright 

Their Yesterdays 1.00 

Harold B. Wright 

When a Man's a Man 1.00 

Harold B. Wright 

Corporal Cameron 1.00 

Ralph Connor 

The Doctor, 1.00 

Ralph Connor 

The Foreigner 1.00 

Ralph Connor 

Pen rod 1.00 

Booth Tarkington 

Seventeen, 1.00 

Booth Tarkington 

The Harvester, 1.00 

Gene Stratton Porter 

The Following of the Star, 1.00 

Florence Barclay 

Pilgrim's Progress 1.00 

Johu Banyan 

Theodore Roosevelt — 100% 

American 1.00 

W. R. Thayer 

Two Ancient Red Cross Tales, . . .60 

P. W. Wilson 

Glengarry School Days, 1.00 

Ralph Connor 

The Man from Glengarry 1.00 

Ralph Connor 

The Mistress of Shenstone, 1.00 

Florence Barclay 

Freckles 1.00 

Gene Stratton Porter 

Pollyanna, The Glad Book 1.75 

Eleanor Porter 

Pollyanna Grows Up, 1.75 

Eleanor Porter 

Girl of the Limberlost, 1.00 

Gene Stratton Porter 

Michael O'Halloran 1.00 

Gene Stratton Porter 

The Man Who Forgot 1.00 

James Hay. Jr. 

Just David, 1.00 

Eleanor Porter 

Red Pepper Burns, 1.00 

Grace Richmond 

Mrs. Red Pepper, 1.00 

Grace Ricnrnond 

Miss Billy 1.75 

Eleanor Porter 

Miss Billy's Decision, 1.75 

Eleanor Porter 

Miss Billy Married 1.75 

Eleanor Porter 

Rebecca of Sunnybrook Farm, 

Kate D. Wiggin 


Kathleen Norri 


New Chronicles of Rebecca, . . 

Kate D. Wiggin 

Mother Carey's Chickens, 1.00 

Kate D. Wiggin 

Pegeen, 1.00 

Eleanor H. Brainerd 

The Major, .'.- 1.00 

Ralph Connor 


The Road to Le Reve, .". 1.50 

Brewer Corcoran 

The Primrose Ring 1.00 

Ruth Sawyer 

Round the Corner in Gay St. 1.00 

Grace Richmond 

Strawberry Acres 1.00 

Grace Richmond 

The Sky Pilot, 1.00 

Ralph Connor 

Wings and Fetters 1.00 

Florence M. Kingslcy 

Joel, a Boy of Galilee 1.50 

Annie F. Johnston 

Kazan, A Dog Story, 1.00 

James O. Curwood 

Baree, Son of Kazan l.oo 

James O. Curwood 

Abraham Lincoln, Boy and Man, 1.00 

James Morgan 

Theodore Roosevelt, Boy and 

James Morgan 

Adventures in Contentment, 1.00 

David Grayson 

Adventures in Friendship, 1.00 

David Grayson 

The Friendly Road 1.00 

David Grayson 

Uncle Tom's Cabin, Illustrated,. . 2.00 

Harriet B. Stowe 

Georgina of the Rainbows 1.00 

Annie F. Johnston 

Up from Slavery 1,00 

Booker T. Washington 

Fisherman's Luck, l.oo 

Henry Van Dyke 

Ben Hur ] oo 

Lew Wallace 

Martha By-the-Day 1.00 

Julie M. Lippman 

Making Over Martha 1.00 

Julie M. Lippman 

Martha and Cupid 1,00 

Julie M. Lippman 

The Patrol of the Sun Dance 
Trail, 1.00 

Ralph Connor 

My Pets 1.25 

Marshall Saundera 

The Shepherd of the Hills, 1.00 

Harold B. Wright 

That Printer of Udell's, 1.00 

Harold B. Wright 

The Rosary, 1.00 

Florence Barclay 

The Courage of Marge O'Doon,. . 1.00 

James O. Curwood 

The Light in the Clearing, 1.00 

Irving Bachcller 

Dawn, 1.00 

Eleanor Porter 

The Witness 1.00 

Grace L. H. Luu 

The Sky Pilot in No-Man's Land, 1.00 

Ralph Connor 

Keeping Up with Lizzie 1.00 

Irving Bachcller 

Sunny Slopes, 1.00 

Ethel Hutston 

The Voice in the Wilderness, , 

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THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 7, 1922 


Official Organ of the Church of the Brethren 
Published weekly by Brethren Publishing House, R. E. Arnold, Gen- 
eral Manager, 16 to 24 S. Slate St., Elgin, III., at $2.00 per annum, in 
advance. (Canada subscriptions fifty cents extra.) 




Assistant Editor 

Entered at the Post office nt Elgin." II]., ns Second-class Matter. 
Acceptance (or mailing nt special rate of postage provided lor In 
Section 1103, Act of October 3. 1017, authorized August '10, 191& 

Notes From Our Correspondent* 

(Continued from Page 13) 
ing on the subject, "In Partnership with God." In the evening 
he gave his lecture, "The Making of a Man." Our series of meet- 
ings. Nov. 27 to Dec. 17, was conducted by Bro. J. A. Robinson, of 
Pleasant Hill. He preached twenty-two very forceful and inspiring 
sermons. The weather conditions were fine and the interest 
throughout the best the church has ever known. Thirty-three were 
baptized, one awaits the rite; one was reclaimed and two were 
received by letter from other denominations. Dec. 3 and 4 we had 
the pleasure of having with us Sister Eva Trostle. of Chicago. 
Saturday afternoon she held a mothers' meeting. During the Sun- 
day-school hour she gave her address on the Simple Life. In the 
afternoon she held a girls* meeting, and in the evening a parents' 
meeting in the basement, while Bro. Robinson spoke to the young 
people in the main audience room on "The Value of Youth." Dee. 
17 wc met in council, with Eld. Chas. Flory as moderator. Two letters 
were received. Sunday-school and church officers were elected, 
with Bro Chas. Flory, elder; Bro. John Eikenberry, Sunday-school 
superintendent, ■ Sister Fern Cassel, president of Christian Workers; 
Bro. Henry Ballingcr, clerk; Sister Martha Smith, "Messenger" 
agent; the writer, correspondent.— Mrs. H. R. Hoover, Bradford, 
Ohio, Dec. 27. 

Red River.— Dec 11 officers were elected for the coming year: 
Bro. Chas. Driver, trustee; Bro. Neal Krcider, superintendent; Sis- 
ter Forest Coatc. Christian Workers' president; Sister Iva Root, 
correspondent. On Christmas morning Bro. Forest Groff. of Col- 
fax, Ind., brought us an inspiring message —Fannie Smith, Bradford, 
Ohio, Dec. 26. 

Ru9hcre*k church met in council at the Bremen house Dec. 22. 
with our pastor, Bro. R. R. Hatton, presiding. Bro. Percy T. 
Beery was reelected church clerk; Bro. Chas. Stoner. trustee; 
Sister Naomi Hatton, "Messenger" agent and correspondent; also 
Sunday-school superintendent. The Sunday-school gave a program 
on Christmas morning.— Mrs. Levi Stoner, Bremen, Ohio. Dec, 26. 

Toledo (First Church).— We met 'in regular council Dec. 7, with 
our elder. Bro. E. E. Eshelman. presiding. Church officers were 
elected for the coming year: Elder, Bro. J. L. Guthrie; clerk, 
Sister Cunnington; Sunday-school superintendent, Bro. Hurley Mc- 
Kimmy; Christian Workers* president, Bro, Dale Kaser; cradle roll 
superintendent, Sister Cunnington. Brother and Sister Cunning- 
ton were called to the ministry and duly installed by Eld. E. E. 
Eshelman. Two letters were granted. The Spirit of Christ was 
manifested throughout the meeting. We are much encouraged in 
our work at this place— Erma Kaser, 1216 Nevada street, Toledo. 
Ohio. Dec. 21. 


Hollow.— Our series of meetings was conducted by Bro. Ralph W. 
Qiiakenbush, of Fredonia, Kans., Dec. A to 18. Bro. Quakenbush 
preached sixteen strong, spiritual sermons. While there were no 
confessions, wc know that the efforts of our brother were not in 
vain. Good seed was sown in the hearts of the people. Bro. Quaken- 
bush visited in the homes of tho community, which was much en- 
joyed. Brother and Sister R. D. Winger, of McPherson, visited our 
church Dec. 8 and 9. Bro. Winger delivered two splendid lectures on 
Religious Education. Eld. G. W. Holmes filled his usual appoint- 
ment on Sunday with two inspiring sermons. Sunday morning his 
subject was " The Great Gift."— Zada Loshbaugh, Hollow, Okla., 
Dec. 27. 


Ashland.— Yesterday evening the members of the Ashland church 
held their yearly council. Our pastor, Bro. Hiram Smith, pre- 
sided. The chairmen of all the committees of the church gave 
their annual reports. The reports were all encouraging. Our 
Sunday-school gave a good account of itself. There has been a 
large increase in attendance and in collection. Sister Getsy was re- 
elected superintendent and treasurer. Bro. M. C. Liningcr was 
elected elder in charge, and Sister Russcl was elected president 
of the Christian Workers. The writer was elected corresponding 
secretary and solicitor for the " Messenger." — Mark Brower, Ash- 
land, Oregon, Dec. 18. 

Back Creek.— Bro. John Graham, of Bethany Bible School, began 
a scries of meetings at the Brandt church Dec. 4. He labored ear- 
nestly and preached the Word with power for two weeks. One stood 
for Christ.— Pearl Hcckman, Williamson, Pa., Dec. 27. 

Chambersburg.— Dec. 18 we reorganized our Sunday-school and re- 
elected Bro. G. A. W. Stouffcr superintendent. Christmas morn- 
ing we had a very interesting service, with beautiful singing and reci- 
tations by the children. Our Sunday-school is progressing in a very 
encouraging way. Bro. A. E. Forney made the closing address. 
Christmas evening we reorganized the Christian Workers' Society, 
with Bro. Blain Bear, president. We also decided to start a junior st- 
alely. After the business session, the writer preached a Christmas 
sermon.— Peter S. Lehman, Chambersburg, Pa., Dec. 26. 

Indian Creek church met in council Dec. 3, with Eld. Jas. B. 
Shisler presiding. Sunday-school officers were elected for the year; 
also a church trustee for a term of five years. Two letters were 
received and three were granted. The missionary solicitors report- 
ed contributions, amounting to $119, for the Home Mission Fund. 
Our church treasurer also gave a favorable report of the church 
finances. We also decided to purchase fifty ccpies of the Brethren 
Hymnal, to supply the increasing demand. We enjoyed a very in- 
teresting Bible Institute Dec. 10 and 11, by Brethren Beyer and 
Hoffer, members of the faculty of Elizabethtown College. Our 
Sunday-school lifted an offering of $88 for the benefit of Russian 
relief. The church also lifted a Thanksgiving offering of $100 for 
the Emergency Fund.— Mathias P. Landis, Vernfield, Pa., Dec. 27. 
Lewi at own church met in council Dec. 14, for the purpose of elect- 
ing officers. Bro. Heisey was elected presiding elder; Bro. T. W. 
Fclson, Sunday-school superintendent; Sister Sara Moist, presi- 
dent of the Christian Workers' Society. It was decided to invite 
the District to hold the Ministerial and Sunday-school Convention 
at this church next August. A call for a donation, to be given to 
a poor family, was responded to quite generously. Our pastor. Bro. 
Heisey, is giving a series of interesting sermons on the Book of 
Ruth, in the Sunday morning service, and delivers convicting evan- 
gelistic sermons in the evening. Eight have united with the church 
since our last report. One of our number, Sister Sadie Howe, 
who has been faithful in the service for many years, was laid to 
rest Dee. 11.— Flo M. Spanogle, Lcwistown, Pa., Dec. 20. 

Lost Creek.— Dec. 18 we closed an interesting two weeks' scries 
of meetings in the Richfield church. The weather conditions being 
favorable, the attendance and interest were good. Our member- 
ship at this place not being so large, the audience was composed 
largely of people of other denominations, which gave much inspira- 
tion to the meetings. This is a small town, with six churches of 
different faith, which makes it a diffcult place in which to work. 
Even though there were no accessions, wc feel spiritually edified. 
The past year gives evidence of progress in the work here. During 
the past six years we have been adding yearly to the church by 
baptism— some years as many as thirty. It has been the custom to 



Enrollment for the Second Semester Jan. 23rd, 24th 
Courses offered in the Liberal and Fine Arts, Commercial and Bible. 
Special Bible Institute from Jan. 22nd to 29th. 
A Short Term Course in Religious Education During the Two Weeks Following the 

Bible Institute. 
" The Hope of the Church lies entirely within the Christian training and education of our 

young people." 
Write for further information and Catalogue 

McPherson College, McPherson, Kansas 

have a revival meeting yearly at each of the four houses in the 
congregation. On Thanksgiving and also on Christmas we met in the 
Good Will house for special service. Following the interesting 
Sunday-school hour, Dec. 25, we had the privilege of speaking to a 
large and interested audience on the subject, " What Meaneth the 
Christ to Me?" Nov. 20 Bro. E. G. Erbaugh, of Bethany Bible 
School, gave us two interesting talks, presenting the work as well 
as the future need of Bethany. Nov. 27 Bro. T. P. Dick, of Carlisle, 
Pa., was with us in the interest of home mission work.— J. E. Row- 
land, Bunkertown, Pa., Dec. 25. 

Mechanicsburg Sunday-school met Dec. 4 for reorganization. Of- 
ficers were elected with Geo. H. Arbegast, stipperintcndent. The 
school has passed a very successful year, but we arc looking forward 
to the year 1922, with the hope that it will far surpass 1921 both in 
numbers and spirituality.— Sarah M. Mohler, Mechanicsburg, Pa., 
Dec. 27. 

Myerstown.— Oct. 23 Bro. Wm. R. Dubble, of Heidelberg, preached 
a missionary sermon at the Myerstown house. An offering was 
lifted for world-wide m.ssions. Nov. 24 a joint Thanksgiving service 
was held by the Heidelberg and Myerstown congregations in the 
Myerstown house. Brethren W. B. Fasnacht and S. R. Zug gave a 
message on Col. 3: 15. The offering was for the Emergency Fund. 
Dec. 3 our church met in council, with Eld. John Herr presiding. 
Two certificates were granted and one was received. Church, Sun- 
day-school and Christian Workers' officers, Sunday-school teach- 
ers and members on several committees were appointed. 
It was decided to add thirty feet to the rear of the Myers- 
town house. The deacons and the trustees of the house were ap- 
pointed as a building committee. Members of the Elizabethtown 
College faculty arc expected to hold a week-end Bible Institute— 
the date to be arranged. Bro. H. Vernon Slawter, of Pottstown, is 
expected to begin a series of meetings at the Myerstown house in 
the early part of March.— Alice B. Roycr, Myerstown, Pa., Dec. 19. 

Rummel- Our pastor, Bro. A. J. Bceghly, held a week's scries of 
meetings recently, when four were added to our church by bap- 
tism. The Sunday-school is about to close a very successful year. 
Our attendance is around 200. Dec. 13 a business meeting was 
held, when the officers for 1922 were elected: Bro. A. J. Beeghly, 
elder; Bro. Henry Helman, secretary; Bro. Elmer Knavel, Sunday- 
school superintendent.— Mrs. Warren Hoover, Windber. Pa., Dec. 22. 


Green Hill.— Since our last report two more have been received, 
by baptism. Feeling the need of more helpers to care for our work 
here, we held an election for deacons at our council of Dec. 10. 
The following brethren were elected and installed: I. S. Austin, 
E. E. Tate, F. W. Garrett. At this meeting we also elected church 
officers. We had no change in officers, excepting the undersigned 
being mode church correspondent.— Mrs. L. N. Kinzie, Salem, Va., 
Dec. 20. 

Sangervillo church met in council Dec. 2, with Eld. A. L. Miller 
presiding. Our Sunday-school superintendents for the coming year 
arc: Sangerville, C. A. Click and J. S. Wine; Branch, A. S. Driver 
and W. S. Miller; Emmanuel. J. S. Kiracofc, and J. W. Michael. One 
has been received by baptism since our last report. On Thanks- 
giving Day a joint program of our three Sunday-schools was given 
at the Branch house. Dec. 11 the Mission Band from Bridgewater 
College, gave us a program, which was very much enjoyed. — Meda 
G. Argenbright, Bridgewater, Va., Dec. 21. 


First Spokane. — Eld. W. H. Tigner, of Gray, W.ash., began a ser- 
ies of meetings Nov. £7 and continued for three weeks, preaching 
the Word with much power and great earnestness. He also did much 
personal work, going from house to house, in company with our 
pastor, Eld. Ervin Weaver. Dec. 11 eight were received by bap- 
tism. Dec. 18 five more, having made the good confession, were 
baptized; two await the rite. For the benefit of those uniting with 
the church, the meetings closed with a love feast Dec. 18, when 
forty were present. Dec. 19 wc convened in council. Officers for 
the ensuing year were elected: Bro. Truman D. Aschqnbrenner, 
Sunday-school superintendent; Sister Alice Chester, president of 
Christian Workers; Bro. Royal Force, church clerk; Sister Ervin 
Weaver, correspondent; Bro. Ervin Weaver, elder. Seven were 
added to the church by letter. Early in the season one was re- 
stored, making in all twenty-one for this year in full fellowship. 
The average attendance at our Sunday-school was fifty, and the 
collection, $2.50. This church has much to rejoice over, when we 
look back over the year. A committee of five, including the Home 
Mission Board, was appointed to arrange for the District Meeting. 
—Geo. D. Aschenbrenner, Spokane. Wash., Dec. 21. 

North Spokane church met in council Dec. 17, with Eld. Tigner 
presiding. Three letters were received and three were granted. 
All officers for the coming year were elected: Elder, W. H. Tigner; 
clerk, and Sunday-school superintendent, A. A. Dull; Christian 
Workers' president, Esther Hancock; " Messenger " agent, the 
writer. Our Sunday-school attendance shows an increase of fifty 
per cent over last year. We hope to have a scries of meetings and 
love feast soon after we get into our new building.— Mrs. A. A. 
Dull. Spokane. Wash., Dec. 21. 

Richland Valley church met in council Dec. 8, with Eld. Ezra 
Whisler in charge. The following officers were elected: Bro. Geo. 
Thompson, trustee; Bro. Ezra Whisler, elder; Sister Mabel Whisler. 
church clerk; Sister Grace Meor, "Messenger" agent; Sister Bculah 
Stanly, correspondent; Bro. Marion Stanly, Sunday-school superin- 
tendent. Wc decided to hold a series of meetings some time in 
February, in charge of our home ministry— Brethren J. A. Eby 
and Ezra Whisler.-Mrs. Vina Rcnch, Swofford, Wash., Dec. 24. 

Wcnatchee City.— Our young people gave an excellent Thanksgiv- 
ing program at the Christian Workers' hour. Wc took an offering 
of $139, half of which we sent to the Emergency Fund, and the 
other half will be applied on home missionary work. Our Chris- 
tian Workers* Society recently sent $100 to Sister Martha Shick 
in China. Our Sunday-school has also been active in the various 
departments and classes. The Primary Department sent four 
four-pound boxes of Christmas gifts to an India mission, accom- 
panied by $24, to be used as desired. The young people's class also 
sent gifts to Sister Martha Shick. Christmas night an offering will 
be taken for the Armenians. We are also cooperating with the 
various churches and organizations of the city, to relieve the needy 
at home— Mrs. C. R. Weiraer, Wenatchee, Wash., Dec. 20. 





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Scripture Text 
Calendar for 1922 

Users of this calendar for the past few years 
will want it again. Here is the opportunity for 
Sunday-school Classes, Sisters' Aid Societies or 
others to encourage the reading of a daily verse 
of Scripture and at the same time provide funds 
for the use of the society. The calendar is 
printed in colors throughout. 

Price single copy 35c; 5 copies $1.65; 
12 copies $3.75 

Write for special terms to agents. 

Elgin, 111. 


Has your renewal for the Gospel 
Messenger been sent to us? Renew 
now and avoid missing a number. 


Bethany (Antioch house).— Bro. Emra T. Fike began a series of 
meetings at this place Dec. 4 and preached nine strong evangelistic 
sermons. Each evening before the sermon he gave an illustrated 
song or talk to the young people and many evenings both. These 
were enjoyed by the older people as well. Bro. Fike labored ear- 
nestly while here. Five made the good confession. Three were bap- 
tized Dec. 18 and two await the rite. The members were greatly 
strengthened and wc hope that others will yet make the full sur- 
render.— A. C. Auvil, Thornton, W. Va., Dec. 20, 


White Rapids congregation met in council Dec. 15, with Bro. O. L. 
Harley presiding. Church and Sunday-school officers were elected 
for the coming year: Bro. L. M. Bontrager, church trustee and 
Sunday-school superintendent; Bro. Geo. Keim, clerk; Sister O. L. 
Harley, " Messenger " agent and correspondent. A program was 
rendered Christmas night to a full house. Bro. Clement Bontrager, 
of Bethany Bible School, spent his Christmas vacation here and 
preached for us Dec 26 and 27, which was much appreciated. His 
subjects were, " Playing With Sin," and " World Peace." The 
meetings were both spiritual and uplifting. —Mrs. Geo. Keim, Am- 
berg, Wis., Dec. 27. 

Worden church met in council Dec. 17, with Bro. Rarick presid- 
ing. A ministerial board was elected, composed of the following: 
Luther Welch, W. O. Henderson and Ernie Holderman. Bro. W. O. 
Henderson was reelected church trustee and clerk; Sister Myra 
Cripe, Sunday-school superintendent; Sister Elsie Reppcrt, Chris- 
tian Workers' president; the writer, church correspondent and 
" Messenger " agent.— Mrs. Marvin Kensingcr, Stanley, Wis., 
Dec. 21. 

The Gospel Messenger 

" This Gospel of the Kingdom »h»ll b* pr**ched 
in the whole world." — Matt. 24: 14. 

'THY KINGDOM COME"—,uj.ii,2 

"2ta^fflas4i.- 4 ; ft- ■«« °< the 

Vol. 71 

Elgin, MI., January 14, 1922 

No. 2 

In This Number 

Building the Temple of God— 1 

If the Idea Gets You 

The "How" of Moral Disarmament 

The Meeting of General Mission Board (C. D. B.) . 

Among the Churches, ,. 

Around the World, 

The Quiet Hour !..""."! 

The Forward Movement— 
Our Prayer. 

: Real Needs in Our Work 

Should Sinners Be Encouraged to Tithe Their Income?.. 
Forward Movement Notes 

Contributors' Forum- 
Let the Nations Be Friends (Poem) 

The Minister as a Pastor.— Part One. By D. P. Hoover, 
Snapshots of Paul the Apostle— I. By Jno. S Flory 

The Minister as a Man. By H. B. Brubaker 

Lip Service and Heart Failure. By Ezra Flory, 

The Knife. By Albert D. Helser 

The Apostle Paul. By J. L. Switzer 

Modern Lawlessness. By Archer Wallace, 

The Round Table— 

The Food Wc Eat. By Annie Richardson 

In Remembrance. By Olive A. Smith, ... 

A Great Big Job. By A. B. Coover 

Seeing the Good in People. By Cora A. Anderson, 
Opportunities. By Mary Prentice Wilson 

Home and Family — 

Surrendered (Poem). By Fay Aldcne Gray 

Burden-Bearers. By Leo Lillian Wise 

Mothers and Daughters. By Lula R. Tinkle. 
The Cry in the Night. By Ursula Miller, ... 


Building the Temple of God 

1. The Foundation 

What, shall the church work at this year ? Asa 
tentative suggestion what do you think of the proj- 
ect indicated in our caption ? 

The idea is not original with the editorial depart- 
ment of the Gospel Messenger. We got our cue 
from a remark of the great Apostle to the Gentiles, 
found in the closing sentence of the second chapter 
of his letter to the Ephesians. The sentence runs 
through four verses and the last verse is : " In whom 
ye also are builded together for a habitation of God 
m the Spirit.',' And the last but one is much like it: 
" In whom each several building fitly framed together 
groweth into a holy temple in the Lord." 

There's the temple idea you see. And how finely 
put It is! Every phrase is packed with meaning, 
rich and dear. Makes you want to pitch right in, 
planing door-frames, nailing lath or something. 

A strong argument, in favor of immediate and vig- 
orous action, is the fact that the foundation is already 
in, squared, plumbed and settled, ready for the super- 
structure. With that part of the building we have 
nothing at all to do, except to appropriate it and to 
build on it. " For other foundation can no man lay 
than that which is laid, which is Jesus Christ." 

You noticed the " whom," no doubt, in the verses 
quoted above. Did your curiosity lead you to look 
up the context and get the antecedent? But you 
knew without looking. You remembered, or if not, 
you knew by instinct, anyway. There is but one 
possible antecedent for a " whom " like that. 
^ But possibly your critical eye noticed that it says 
•>• whom " instead of " on whom," and your obser- 
vation is that temples are built on foundations rather 
than in them. That does seem a little strange, but 
there is at least this ground for comfort: In the 
earlier part of that same sentence, Paul had said that 
his Ephesian readers were " built upon the foundation 
of the apostles and prophets, Christ Jesus himself 
being the chief corner stone." Having said that, 
did he then go on to think of Christ as not the foun- 
dation corner stone alone, but also the cement qr 
mortar in which they, the stones of the superstructure, 

had been laid? Or had the figure partly dropped 
out of consciousness and was he thinking then of 
the reality for which the figure stood, that mystical 
union of the believer with Christ, that inter-penetra- 
tion of the human spirit and the .divine, which is 
better expressed by " in " than " on " ? Somewhat 
as Peter, in the fifth verse of the second chapter of 
his first letter, using the same general thought and 
the same figure of " a spiritual house," suddenly drops 
the figure and in the very next clause, calls the " liv- 
ing stones" of this house "a holy priesthood to 
offer up spiritual sacrifices." Aaid Peter, by the 
way, in the clause corresponding to Paul's " in whom " 
said neither " in " nor " on " but " unto whom com- 

The fact is that the Scripture writers were much 
more anxious about getting the truth into the hearts 
of their readers than about fitting it into the arbitrary 
molds of the technical rhetorician. So don't worry 
about this, please. If you should wake up in the 
middle of the night and find that "in" bothering 
you, just turn right over and forget it. But not until 
after you have breathed out a prayer into the dark- 
ened stillness that God would make you a " living 
stone " in his temple, built " on " and " in " and " into " 
Christ, whether you ever get Paul's metaphors prop- 
erly pigeonholed or not. 

God, through his church, is building himself a 
temple in this world, and the foundation of it is 
Jesus Christ. That is the one thing we are trying to 
say. And there is a very deep and sweet sense of 
satisfaction in saying it at this time when great world 
events and the conscience of the average man are 
uniting with the voices of church leaders to compel 
recognition of this most important truth. There are 
more people in the world today than ever before, out- 
side of those whose professional business it is to 
say such things, who are saying either in their own 
hearts, or in the hearing of their fellows, that Jesus 
Christ is the only answer to every -question that in- 
volves the well-being of mankind. More statesmen, 
more business men, more laboring men, more leaders 
in every walk of life, and more of the common folk 
who follow, are questioning whether Christ is not 
the Chief Cornerstone of every useful institution. 

All of which is rather nice and fine. It sounds 
well. But what does it really mean ? Is it anything 
but a lot of pious phrasing? When you take the met- 
aphor and the poetry and the pretty sentiment all out 
of it, what does it mean to build on Christ? 

Just look at them. Then look back at their con- 
nection with " this cause " and then a little farther 
back to see clearly what the " cause " was. And if 
you once get the idea-if the idea gets you, rather- 
you can never be the same man that you were be- 

The " How " of Moral Disarmament 

Speaking of disarmament, we should like to second 
the motion made by the man who says that moral dis- 
armament is the kind we need most. And in doing 
so we need not disparage in the least the efforts made 
in behalf of physical disarmament. In fact as al- 
ready pointed out in these columns, the greatest ad- 
vantage in the last-named kind is in the encourage- 
ment it gives to the other kind. 
' As the nations learn to lay down their arms, they 
will find it easier to lay down also their suspicions and 
fears and evil surmisings. Men who don't carry re- 
volvers find it easier to trust the good intentions of 
other men than those who do. So will nations. 

But it is well to keep us reminded that moral dis- 
armament is the supreme need for both nations and 
individuals. The cultivation of confidence and good 
will is the highway to brotherhood and peace in all the 
relations "of life. 

But right here we come upon one of the strangest 
things in human experience. Sensible people— sen- 
sible, that is, in most matters— want to know how it is 
possible to replace distrust and suspicion of others 
with confidence and good will. How can you banish 
the fear of what others will do to you— other people 
and other nations? 

Shall we disclose the great secret? Shall we tell 
these benighted light-seekers how the thing is done? 
It is the same way that you learn to swim By prac- 
tice. That's all. 

The way to disarm is to disarm, morally as well as 
physically. If it goes against the grain a little at 
first, do it anyhow. And just keep up the practice. 
It soon gets easy. 

If the Idea Gets You 

You have read the third chapter of Ephesians 
many times, no doubt, but did you ever try, in your 
imagination, to finish that unfinished sentence with 
which Paul begins it? " For this cause I Paul," he 
says, and then the construction is broken off by his 
reference to his imprisonment, and he . follows out 
the suggestions of that thought without supplying any 
predicate for " I Paul." What was he going to say? 
Was it that wonderful thing he did say in the sentence 
beginning with verse fourteen, where he repeats the 
phra-se, " For this cause " ? Did he there resume the 
thought with which he had begun? 

But what was " this ' cause " ? Was it anything 
but the building of that temple he had just referred 
to in the closing words of chapter two? Was he going 
to say— what he finally did say— that for the cause of 
helping to get that temple built he was praying that 
God would grant his readers all those wonderful 
blessings named in verses sixteen to nineteen? 

The Meeting of General Mission Board 

Last week the members, of the Mission Board met 
in their quarterly meeting and, as usual, had much 
business before them for consideration. Quite a 
number of brethren were present, in addition to the 
members of the Board, to listen to the deliberations 
of their long sessions. The president was not present, 

on account of the serious illness of his good wife 

this being his only absence in twenty years, except 
once, when on a trip abroad. Bro. Otho Winger, the 
vice-president, conducted the deliberations through- 
out, to the profit of all. 

More and more the foreign field is demanding 
workers of strength and ability. To adapt one's self, 
in temperament and custom; to meet the leaders of 
different governments; to train the natives in faith- 
fulness and efficiency ; to secure a language and knowl- 
edge of the peculiar traditions of age-long supersti- 
tion, and yet patiently and enthusiastically give the 
truth and Gospel to all, requires folks of much natural 
ability and conviction, as well as training. This ques- 
tion of preparation and selection of missionaries had 
been in the hands of a committee, who gave a good 
report. It was discussed at length and adopted. 

Financial conditions brought many calls of every 
kind for help. These were carefully considered, and 
an effort to do the best possible with the means in 
hand, led to making grants to several urgent needs, 
though amounts asked for could not be given. Since 

(Continued on Page 20) 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 14, 1922 

Let the Nations Be Friends 

Lord God, the Friend of all mankind. 
The smoke of battle makes men blind. 
We can but grope in dim dismay, 
Till clouds of war dust clear away. 
Bring us -to where thy splendor streams, 
Fulfill in us thy prophets' dreams. 

Let friendly flags be far unfurled, 
Be hushed the quarrel of the world. 
God's leaders can no more afford 

The pagan swagger 

/ith the sword. 

War attitudes but anger men, 

And makes them burn to fight again. 

Gaunt hunger, death, and sorrows cry, 
And lift pale hands against the sky. 
Why burden more this labored breath? 
Men have no time to play with death. 
God knows we have enough to do, 
To heal the world and build it new. 

If cursing hate is burning yet, 
If men there be, who can't forget, 
Then let love's flame be hotter still, 
Till they shall burn away the ill; 
Let taunts and threats and boasting cease, 
Let all the nations come to peace. 
By love and truth must men grow great, 
And live to put wars out of date. 
Let armaments dissolve with rust, 
And let mad sabers waste in dust. 
White hands of peace in this new day 
Must wash the stains of war away. 
—Charles Coke Woods in the New York Christian Ad- 
vocate. *-+-* 

The Minister as a Pastor 


In Three Parts.— Part One, Trie Advantage! of Pastoral 


The life of a minister has many sides, but his con- 
cern should be to do all in his power, by divine aid, 
to have the greatest influence for good over his people 
and the advancement of God's Kingdom. 

Pastoral visiting is neither a thing entirely by itself 
nor an end in itself. It is only one of the ways of en- 
tering - into pastoral intercourse, and pastoral inter- 
course is only one of many ways of exercising pas- 
toral influence. Visiting is often distasteful and weari- 
some work. The minister needs to be constantly ask- 
ing himself: " Am I succeeding in my efforts to have 
close pastoral intercourse with my congregation, and 
to exercise influence over them?" 

The advantages of pastoral intercourse are spelled 
in one word, and that word is influence. Pastoral 
intercourse is a spiritual power. 

It influences the members of the church. Pastoral 
visiting is a practical " manifestation of the truth 
commending ourselves to every man's conscience in 
the sight of God" (2 Cor. 4: 2). Without it our 
ministry must be one-sided, and our influence will 
never attain its full strength and power. The special 
message sent to Archippus by Paul may also apply 
here : " Take heed to the ministry which thou hast 
received in the Lord, that thou fulfill it " (Col. 4: 17). 
We emphasize the value of pastoral intercourse, be- 
cause it is not wholesome that a church be trained to 
listen to preaching as though that were the principal 
tiling. A church which is mainly a preaching station, 
becomes indolent, critical, and niggardly, thinking 
chiefly of its rights and too little of its obligations. 
Pastoral visitation has great compensation for the 
minister himself. The experiences which he meets 
will fill him with material for counsel and instruction 
from the Scriptures. The pitiable depression, into 
which the minister falls, at times, when he fancies 
that his labors are in vain, will be partially counter- 
acted if he learns to keep his heart tender and alert 
by the throb of other men's sorrows. Andrew Fuller 
' once said : " I long to visit my congregation that I 
may know more of their spiritual concerns and be 
able to preach to their cases." We have heard it said 
that some are pastors and some are preachers, but, 
brethren, we need to be both, if we are to meet with 

the success which God has meant us to have. The 
preacher needs to be a pastor in order to preach, but 
it is no less true that he needs to be a preacher. The 
secret of a pastor's success lies in his ability to main- 
tain his position as a good preacher of the Gospel. 
This gives him the respect of the people and endues 
him with a certain dignity in popular esteem which 
he can not afford to be without. It is true that a 
minister rarely possesses, in equal proportion, preach- 
ing power and pastoral skill, but the prominence of 
one of the qualities nowise atones for the absence 
of the other. 

Pastoral intercourse is a social as well as a spiritual 
power. It is this because the individual church is a 
social body — a family over which the minister is placed 
as a spiritual leader. 

We need to train ourselves to a quick recollection 
of faces — a ready remembrance of names, and to as- 
sociate certain places, incidents and events with cer- 
tain persons. It is not always an easy matter to recog- 
nize, during the week, some who have been at services 
on Sunday. A change in clothing makes quite a 
change in the appearance of some folks, and it is 
very difficult, at times, to recognize them. 

The minister needs also to interest himself in the 
pursuits and tastes of his people. Generally the most 
interesting tiring, to a parishioner, is the thing which 
he does for a livelihood. Get, therefore, his point of 
view and share with him, so far as is possible, his 
interest. Certain of your members may be interested 
in art or science. You will win them if you can teach 
them something along these lines. The mother is 
usually most interested in her home and children. Be 
interested in them with her. In a word, take a per- 
sonal interest in everybody. To each human being on 
this globe, nobody is quite so important as himself. 
This is not vanity or self-conceit — it is instinct. We 
need to recognize this fact. 

Pastoral intercourse is prudential power as well. It 
is not mercenary or mean to desire to retain your 
hearers by every legitimate method. Professional 
men look after their clients and patients, and the mer- 
chant does all in his power to retain his customers. 
We recognize that this is proper and right. Prudence 
has its proper place in ministerial work. A congrega- 
tion must be had and held, and this can best be ac- 
complished through pastoral visitation, for, as Mat- 
thew Henry has said : " A house-going parson makes 
a church-going people." 

Pastoral visitation is a power only second to the 
pulpit itself — a spiritual power by which the pastor 
lifts the people nearer to God and heaven — a social 
power, by which he shares with them the mutual 
woes and joys of life, and a prudential power, by 
which he gains and retains the affections of his people. 
Johnstown, Pa. 

Snapshots of Paul the Apostle 

Have you ever tried to imagine Paul at work as 
a missionary? Think of him in company with two or 
three younger men, walking into a provincial town 
some afternoon. The first thing they do is to look 
the town over and to secure lodging. On the Sabbath 
they go to the synagogue. As usual, the leader reads 
a passage from the law, or the prophets, or the psalms, 
and then asks if some one has any words of exhorta- 
tion to give. This is Paul's opportunity. Arising, 
he politely addresses the leader, takes up the story 
where the reading left off, and from it traces the 
course of Jewish history to Christ. He proves that 
the Christ of history is the Messiah who came in the 
fulfillment of prophecy. 

As he waxes eloquent in his theme, all eyes and 
ears are riveted upon him. It is soon recognized 
that this is no ordinary man. He speaks in eloquent 
phrase, his language evincing the culture of a learned 
rabbi. His eloquence is charming, his logic convinc- 
ing. The audience hangs upon his words. He drives 
the arrows of conviction into the hearts of his hearers. 
They respond to his appeal and accept the Christ he 
preaches as the Messiah which was to come. 

The next Sabbath he speaks again, by invitation, 
and the whole town comes out to hear him. Again he 
captivates his audience. Although certain Jews op- 
pose him and try to break up the meeting, there are 
more conversions. The believers are instructed and 
strengthened and exhorted to faithfulness. Then, lest 
persecution of the missionaries should interfere with 
the growth of the seed sown, Paul and his companions 
pass on to the next town. . 

Here they again resort to the synagogue. Former 
experiences are repeated. A great number, both of 
Jews and Greeks, believe. ' In spite of persistent op- 
position, Paul continues preaching a long time. Men 
and women accept the Messiah. The whole town is 
aroused, and the name of the Lord Jesus is exalted. 
Then the missionaries leave just in time to escape the 
violence of the mob. 

At the next city Paul performs a miracle, and the 
superstitious people wish to worship him as a god. 
He has scarcely dissuaded them from doing so, when 
the rabble, that has been dogging his steps, incite them 
to mob violence. Instead of worshiping him, they now 
take up stones to kill him. In fact, they leave him on 
the field for dead, but he revives, goes on to another 
field of labor, and continues to preach. 

Here a similar experience is recorded. The Word 
is preached with power and many disciples are made. 
The name of Christ is magnified, and the spirit of 
divine grace takes hold upon the lives of men. 

But Paul would not leave the new converts without 
care. Before leaving the field, he organizes the be- 
lievers into congregations, appoints elders in every 
city, instructs the disciples, and exhorts them to dili- 
gence and obedience. Commending them to the grace 
of God, he passes on to other tasks in other fields. 
Is this enough to get a snapshot of Paul as a 

I. As a Missionary 

Paul was the first great Christian missionary. It 
is no discredit to Peter, John, Stephen, Barnabas, 
and the rest, to say this. But after eighteen hundred 
years of missionary enterprise, he still remains the 
greatest. And it is no discredit to Judson, Martin, 
Carey, and our own faithful workers, to say this. 
Important as has been the work of all these, it grows 
pale by the side of Paul's achievements. 

From the time when the Holy Spirit chose him and 
Barnabas from the Antioch church, to carry the tid- 
ings of salvation to the Gentile world, his life was 
given wholly to the work to which he had been called. 
There was nothing half-hearted about Paul. What- 
ever he did, he did with his might. 

The first missionary journey was organized with 
Barnabas as leader and Paul in second place. But 
the missionaries had not gotten off the island of 
Cyprus until Paul was the recognized leader of the 
enterprise, to which arrangement Barnabas gracefully 
submitted. His intrepid spirit, his masterful personal- 
ity, his unbounded energy made him the natural leader 
of any enterprise in which he was engaged. 

missionary? Nothing daunted him. Nothing could 
blunt the edge of his fiery zeal. Opposition only in- 
cited him to greater effort. Having espoused the 
cause of the Lord Jesus, he would be his ambassador 
and advocate before the whole world. 

Brother, missionary and minister, how does your 
zeal look by the side of Paul.'s? How does your ac- 
tivity measure up with his? How does your faith 
compare? Can you say with him: "This one thing 
I do " ? Are you, like Paul, " all things to all men, 
so that by all means you can save some " ? 

Bridgewater, Va. 

The Minister as a Man 


The qualifications of the minister are many. 


must be " all things to all men." As one of the para- 
mount characteristics, he must be a man. Let him 
be the most gifted pulpit orator, a splendid organizer, 
a good mixer, and a winner of friends, if he does not 
prove himself a man, he fails. 

If, perchance, the minister owes one of his parish- 
ioners a small sum, and neglects to pay, his influence 
is sadly crippled. If the one thus wronged be not a 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 14, 1922 


member of the " body of Christ," this neglect is little 
less than a crime. Many ministers lose their influence 
by overlooking these seemingly trivial matters. 

We do not believe it takes more to save a preacher 
than it does to save others, but he is watched more 
closely and so must guard himself the more carefully. 
Every minister should strive to pay his bills promptly. 
Sometimes the church may well shoulder a part of the 
blame for not allowing the minister sufficient remu- 
neration, whereby he might meet his obligations 
promptly. Some advocate that the minister be kept 
out of financial dealings. They think that money will 
spoil him. It may, but which is worse— to entangle 
himself with a few acres of land, involving a small in- 
vestment, or to lie awake nights, conscious that he 
can not meet his obligations? 

Again, the minister must be man enough to rectify 
mistakes. Any one can make mistakes, but it takes 
a man to correct .them. The minister must be large 
enough humbly to apologize when in the wrong. 
Sometimes we weaken the cause by being too stiff 
to stoop to an apology. 

Furthermore, the minister must be one who is able 
to maintain his position among the men with whom 
he associates. He must not insist upon obstinately 
pushing forward his pet theories, but kindly, yet firm- 
ly, stand for the right. Uprightness of life and self- 
control are more fully the marks of a man than heated 

Have we not a right to demand of the minister to 
be manly in the interpretation of the great truths of 
God? You say: "Let him ride his hobby at home, 
but not trot it out before his congregation every 
Sunday," and we agree with you. A man should be 
broad enough not to emphasize one truth to the 
neglect of others. He looks at truth through the eyes 
of others and through those of his God, as well as his ' 

The minister must also be one who is not afraid of 
hard work. The Greeks have this proverb: "There 
is a street in hell, paved with the skulls of lazy min- 
isters." We may think this an overdrawn figure, 
but laziness is inexcusable in the Lord's standard- 
bearers. No one has time quite so much in his own 
control as the. minister. He can work as hard as he 
will, or loaf on the job. 

Let us demand of the minister that he be a man, 
physically, intellectually and, above all, spiritually! 
Let the minister remember that he is God's am- 
bassador ! 

It was our privilege, recently, to become acquainted 
with a man who was a prizefighter— having carried 
off the medals of the heavy-weight A. E. F. He is 
now a Christian, and a member of the Church of the 
Brethren. He was offered several thousand dollars 
to meet Dempsey, but was man enough to answer: 
" If you make it a million, I will not come, for I 
have found something better." That which we ad- 
mired most about this man was not his fine physique 
— much as we admired that — nor his splendid mental 
qualifications, which were exceptional, considering his 
opportunities, but his manly Christian attitude in com- 
bating evil and advocating the ideals of the Christ. 
This prayer arose from our heart : " God grant all 
Christian people, and especially the ministry, the same 
manly qualities." 

Meridian, Idaho. 

■ » ■ 

Lip Service and Heart Failure 


" This people honoreth me with their lips, but their 
heart is far away from me," were the words of the 
Savior to a class of people whom he characterized as 
" vain is their worship of me, for the doctrines they 
teach are but human precepts." Moffatt, in his splen- 
did translation, says of these same people: "They 
talk but they do not act" (Matt. 23: 3). We are 
persuaded that they have a posterity living today. 
Some people seem so zealous in talk, that little more is 
done than to argue theology, church rules, and the 
personalities of the new preacher. The test of religion 
>s in what it accomplishes. The world is in need of a 
theology that has hands and feet. We have too much 


of the type which came to be impressed upon the soul 
of a minister's son, who, when told by his father to 
do a certain task, replied : " Father, do you mean it or 
are you preaching?" Even children are keen to dis- 
cern what is sincere and what is not genuine in life. 
The great psychologist, William James, said: "The 
will is trained in action," and Thomas Carlyle de- 
clared that " doubt of any kind can not be removed 
except by action." Jesus said: "He that willeth to 
do his will, shall know of the teaching." James ad- 
monished the brethren to be doers of the Word and 
not bearers only. And he again declares that to 
knoiv to do good and to do it not, is sin. Luke 
opens the Book of Acts with the significant state- 
ment : " The things that Jesus began both to do and 


In fact, we are all fully aware of the effect of ex- 
pression in character building. No educational system 
is now thought complete without ample provision for 
expression. Our Sunday-school curriculum is being 
thus provided. This is as it should be. Expression 
also enlarges the capacity for impression.* Expression 
and impressioyi are reciprocal. I heard of a mechanic, 
who attempted to teach his son the blacksmith trade 
by having his son sit near, and to observe the father 
for six months. At the end of that period the son did 
not know how long to keep the knife in the forge, 
nor when to return it to the flame. One lad took 
swimming by correspondence. He knew all the 
strokes and had a diploma, but when he entered the 
water he went to the bottom. The laws of religious 
growth are not unlike many other laws that God 
has fixed, and it is our duty to find and follow these 

Jesus declared : " It is not every one who says: 
' Lord, Lord 1 ' who will enter the kingdom of heaven, 
but he who does the will of my .Father in heaven." 
Again he declared that in the last day many will say : 
' Lord, Lord ..." But the final word will be : 
" I never knew you ; depart." 

In order that men may not take the sermon on the 
fundamentals of the Kingdom of Heaven as mere talk, 
the Master gave a beautiful parable of two houses — 
one built on sand and the other on the rock. The- 
doer builds on rock, against which no flood of dis- 
aster shall triumph. 

Jesus himself was not exempt from this law. After 
speaking, in Matt. 5 to 7, the words that astonished 
the crowds, he turned to the performance of deeds 
upon the people as told in two more chapters. At 
the close of such a service, his great heart overflowed 
for a rich harvest, in which laborers are few. 

We live in a social world. We have a social Gos- 
pel. " Pure and undefiled religion before God the 
Father is this, to visit the fatherless and widows 
in their affliction and to keep one's self unspotted 
from the world." In the final day men will be 
measured by what they did out of a pure motive. " For 
I was hungry, and you fed me ; I was thirsty, and you 
gave me drink ; 1 was a stranger, and you entertained 
me; I was unclothed, and you clothed me; I was ill, 
and you looked after me; I was in prison, and you 
visited me." 

Elgin, III. —~ 

The Knife 


Our approach to men and women who will not 
acknowledge their stewardship must necessarily be 
very much like the doctor's approach to his patient. 
He first gets the history of the case, in so far as it 
is possible. Then he proceeds to examine the patient. 
Many times he finds causes that the patient was not 
willing to mention. In some he finds a common ail- 
ment that can be cured with one prescription. There 
are others that are not so easily cured. In such he 
often finds inflammation and a sack of pus in an ob- 
scure part. 

While many do not appear to be carrying a sack 
of selfishness, in the process of conversation it is 
easily found. 

The wise doctor will be very gentle in his local 
examination of the inflammation, lest he hurt the pa- 

tient. Many times, especially in mission work, if the 
patient is hurt at first, he will run away, and we can 
not help him. 

After we are sure it is a sack of selfishness, how 
shall we proceed to get rid of it? This sack of pus 
is poisoning all the rest of the body. Even the vision 
is perverted and uncertain. The wise patient, who 
finds that a sack of pus is the cause of his trouble, 
wants to get rid of it. The honest Christian, who has 
revealed to him that a sack of selfishness is poisoning 
the sprouts of Christian growth, certainly wants to 
get rid of it. 

The doctor first tries to get the natural processes 
of the body to absorb the pus, and he is happy if this 
can be accomplished. Many times an ointment or a 
liniment, with massage, will help. If this does not 
give relief, what docs the doctor do next? 

It is clear that the pus must be removed, because 
its presence endangers the very life of the patient. 
His next step is, thoroughly to cleanse the surface of 
the skin, just above where he finds pus. The cleans- 
ing of the doctor's hands is a most important prepara- 
tion. Then he selects a small, sharp knife and makes 
a good deep incision. This causes the pus to flow 
out. The patient gets relief almost immediately and 
if the incision is kept free from germs, it will soon 
heal, and the patient will be well and happy. 

Many times it will be necessary to resort to the 
knife to get rid of the sack of selfishness. The Word 
of God is sharper than a two-edged sword. We need 
to exercise care in the choice of our knife, as well as 
in its use. 

Wise doctors tell us to let the incision drain well 
before allowing it to close. This allows the blood 
to carry away the bacteria, and prevents the forma- 
tion of another abscess. 

Fellow-ministers, the temptation to compromise is 
strong, but, as ambassadors of Christ, we dare not 
compromise on his Word. His teaching, to those who 
would follow him in the Whole Gospel, is clear. No 
part is clearer than his principles of stewardship. 
Let me look into my own life first, and square it with 
Christ's teaching at any cost. I have no right to say : 
" Peace, peace," to my own heart, nor to any of my 
members, until we together are doing our best to live 
the full Gospel. 

Livingstone College, London, England. 

The Apostle Paul 


We are now through with the present series of 
lessons concerning the Apostle Paul. Who was he? 
" After the straitest sect of our religion," says Paul, 
" I lived a Pharisee." He was greatly wrought up 
against Jesus, and thought he ought to do many things 
contrary to his name, though living in all good con- 
science, as he conceived its teachings to be. 

Yes, Paul was a very zealous Pharisee. Many of 
the saints he shut up in prison. In order to have 
them put to death, he gave his voice, against them. 
He punished them often, in every synagogue, and! 
compelled them to blaspheme. 

When he got through with the apprehension of 
Christians in Jerusalem, he procured a warrant for 
those residing at Damascus, intending to wipe them 
out in every city. This showed a zeal emanating from 
his intensely-aroused conscience — however misguided. 

Paul was making havoc with the saints, whereby 
he was earning encomiums from the high priests. He 
was doubtless on the road to promotion and glory in 
the courts of the great Sanhedrin, Possibly the ac- 
clamations of his fellows spurred him on and on, 
so that he was now on the high tide of a great career. 
He was progressing triumphantly, till he got near to 
Damascus. There the Word and Light of the Lord 
Jesus Christ, to whom he had never paid any atten- 
tion before, came upon him in all their clear effulgence, 
and scattered his Phariseeism to the four winds. He 
" trembled " with terror and " astonishment." The 
soothing words of Jesus, that never could penetrate 
his strong heart before, caused Heaven's radiance 
to envelop him, penetrating through and through. 

(Continued on Page 26) 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 14, 1922 

The Meeting of General Mission Board 

(Continued from First Page) 

the present emergency has been much relieved by the 
excess in the China Famine Fund, more grants were 
made for the work there than elsewhere. The needs, 
as well as the opportunity, are big in China. The 
money of the Red Cross has helped conditions. Nearly 
a hundred have recently been baptized. The famine 
has brought many in touch with the mission who need 
teaching. Money was granted for a school, a church 
and two houses for missionaries. 

A good road between two stations in China, built 
by the Red Cross during the famine, has reduced the 
'time for a journey between them from three days to 
five hours with a " Ford." A request came for such 
a means of transportation for each station, because it 
would save valuable time— the missionaries themselves 
being willing to pay the cost of operation— but the 
request had to be denied them. Does somebody, 
perhaps, 'feel like providing this as a special gift? It 
was an inspiration to have presented at the meeting, 
the fact that several brethren desire to erect monu- 
ments to Christian service with their means. May the 
Lord increase this spirit in all our hearts ! 

The committee, studying the African field, made a 
report. Their investigations point toward Northern 
Nigeria, in West Africa, as a first choice in oppor- 
tunity, with the Belgian Congo, in Central Africa, as 
a second choice. The office was authorized to con- 
sult governments and investigate conditions further. 
The protection of' life and property demands much 
cautious procedure, in entering a new field like this. 

The matter of helping the starving Russians, and 
to assist in the reconstruction of that great country, 
with the hope of mission work later, was earnestly 
considered. This has favorable things to recommend 
it. The habits of life, and the practice of trine im- 
mersion, upon the part of the State Church there, 
for centuries, would make it attractive to our people. 
It was decided to appoint a committee to investigate 
the further development of relief work, and the pos- 
sibility of any personal participation, upon the part of 
our people, therein. It was also felt that limitations 
would make it ill-advised to think of opening too many 
mission fields at this time. 

Several new grants were made, to assist our aged 
ministers from the fund for that purpose. This is a 
fund that needs to grow as well as to be administered 
with care. Larger sums were granted for work in the 
homeland. District Mission Boards were assisted. 
Several sums were granted to assist in building 
churchhouses, but this is also a fund that ought to be 
increased. There are today great leaks in our mem- 
bership in the cities and elsewhere, because of the lack 
of adequate church facilities. 

Two volunteers were approved for the foreign field, 
but their locations will be determined later. The list of 
missionaries, to go to the field, will necessarily be small 
this year. Our financial strength will not permit it. 
There are churches, Districts and Sunday-schools, 
waiting to support missionaries, but since the support 
alone is such a small portion of the expense of the 
w r ork, we can not send more than we can equip and 
care for on the field. A letter of encouragement was 
sent to missionaries under the Board ; also urging the 
strictest economy in all plans for the future. 

Since the members of the Mission Board are also 
the directors of the Brethren Publishing House, they 
also had a meeting as such. At this meeting, there is 
a different secretary, with his records, because it is 
an entirely separate corporation. The need of a new 
field man was discussed and approved, if a suitable 
one is available. A new song book was ordered pub- 
lished, subject to the approval of the Music Com- 
mittee. Committees to look after certain changes and 
improvements about the House were appointed. Edi- 
tors made their reports and stated their problems, and 
counsel was exchanged in regard thereto. Many other 
questions were up, and the necessary decisions made, 
as the many pages of minutes would indicate. Only 
those who have sat with the members of the Board 
during their long sessions, from 7 : 30 in the morning 
until 10 at night, through two or more days of prob- 

lems and plans, can appreciate the urgent need for 
wisdom, caution, faithfulness and fairness, that God 
alone can give, to meet the various questions for his 
glory and the good of the church. c. D. b. 


" Write what thou scest. 




It is especially urgent, in these days, when we are try- 
ing to unify our efforts in building up a strong educa- 
tional program in our local churches, that our workers 
should receive special instruction in their work. Efficiency 
comes only by serious study and earnest effort for self- 
improvement. Our program will be no stronger than the 
training and ability of our leaders. 

To meet this need for improved workers and trained 
leadership in our Sunday-schools, Christian Workers' So- 
cieties, and Daily Vacation Church Schools, the Executive 
Board of Religious Education of the McPherson Region 
is planning, in conjunction with McPherson College, a 
Short Term Course in Religious Education from Jan. 30 
to Feb. 10. Eleven days of instruction in each of the 
following courses will be given, viz.: Child Psychology, 
Methods of Teaching Religion, Pastoral Problems and 
Methods, the Teachings of Jesus, the Organization and 
Administration of the Church School, Observation of 
Methods in Teaching Religion, Expressional Work, the 
Daily Vacation Church School. It is to be hoped that 
from this list of courses our workers will be able to 
select instruction best adapted to their particular needs. 
A demonstration school of religion will be conducted in 
connection with the Short Term, and methods may be 
observed while the classes are in session. Primary 
Teachers will be especially interested in the special in- 
struction given in story telling, hand-work, dramatization. 
pageantry, sand-table work, and social service. Those 
planning to teach in Vacation Schools will receive special 
instruction in this type of work. 

Ministers and superintendents are urged to be present, 
and to make announcement of this Short Term Course, 
urging the leaders of the church to attend. Sunday-schools 
should send delegates where possible, and churches should 
send their Va cation School teachers for next summer. 
Those interested should write the Board of Religious 
Education, McPherson, Kans., for further particulars. 
Simply notify us of your plans and ample provision will 
be made for your physical comfort, board and lodging. 
Roger D. Winger. 


The Annual Bible Institute and Training School of Blue 
Ridge College will open on Monday morning, Jan. 30, and 
continue for two weeks, closing on Friday, Feb. 10. Not 
only has the attendance at these Institutes been growing 
steadily, year after year, but the number of congregations 
and Sunday-schools represented have also been increasing. 
There was an exceptional increase last year over any previ- 
ous year. Nearly every Sunday-school in Maryland was 
represented. The ministers of many congregations were 
also present. Let us work and pray to do still better this 
year. It is encouraging to know that a number of schools 
have already chosen their delegates for the coming In- 
stitute. In many cases schools are appropriating the 
money necessary to meet the expenses of their repre- 

Better-trained Sunday-school teachers are in demand 
everywhere. There is also an urgent need for trained 
workers for the Daily Vacation Bible Schools. Two years 
ago there were eleven Vacation Bible Schools in the State 
of Maryland. Last year there were twenty-two. There 
may be more the coming year. These annual Institutes 
furnish practically the only opportunity for these teachers 
to secure adequate training. The needs of the ministers 
have not been overlooked in preparing the program. 
Bible instruction will be a marked feature of the In- 

Speakers and instructors of experience and vision — 
specialists in their lines — have been secured for the In- 
stitute. The following persons have been engaged: Eld. 
J. W. Lear, Professor of Pastoral Theology and Homi- 
letics, Bethany Bible School; Eld. I. S. Long, missionary 
in India; President J. G. Myer, Elizabethtown College; 
Dr. C. C. Ellis, Professor of Education, Juniata College; 
Dr. F. F. Holsopple, pastor of Hagerstown church; Dr. 
Joseph Cutlipp, Maryland Sunday School Association; 
Eld. J. M. Henry, pastor of Washington City church. 
Several members of the college faculty will also take part 
in the Institute. 

Some of the. subjects to be treated are: Bible, Child 
Psychology, Pedagogy, Sunday-school Methods and Ad- 
ministration, Missions, Vacation Bible School, Church 
History, Special Lectures, Young People's Conferences, 
Special Programs, Etc. 

The college library facilities are invaluable to delegates 
attending the Institute. There are magazines of every 
description for religious and secular thought. The li- 
brary is adequately equipped. The books of the Bible 
department prove very advaniageous to both church and 
Sunday-school workers. Many additions to this depart- 
ment, along the lines of Religious Education, have re- 
cently been made. The library will be as helpful as the 

At the close of the Institute, examinations will be given 
to those desiring credit certificates, issued by the General 
Sunday School Board. These examinations will be based 
on the material given by the various instructors. The 
credits earned year after year will be placed upon the 
certificates until the student has finally completed the 
course prescribed by the Board. For this competition 
the student will be awarded a diploma. 

The Institute is open to all — ministers, Sunday-school 
teachers and superintendents, Vacation Bible School 
teachers and principals, lay members and any others who 
are interested in religious activities. Workers are invited 
to attend the full two weeks, but if this is not possible, 
arrangements can be made to stay for a shorter period. 
It will be gratifying to see the busy man come in just for 
a day. Wm. Kinsey. 

New Windsor, Md. 


The Eglon congregation has had the pleasure of hold- 
ing its fifteenth annual Bible Institute. On Saturday 
evening before Christmas a program was rendered by the 
juniors, consisting of exercises, recitations and songs. On 
Christmas morning our Bible Institute began with Dr. 
Paul H. Bowman as instructor. His subject on Sunday 
morning was " The Preeminence of Jesus," which was 
very interesting. Dr. Bowman taught First and Second 
Timothy in his forenoon periods during the week, which 
he made plain to all. In the afternoon he gave a history 
of the Church of the Brethren, from its beginning in Ger- 
many in 1708. On Wednesday afternoon he explained 
what a symbol is, and told about the symbols of the Bible, 
such as feet-washing, the Lord's supper, the communion, 
the salutation, prayer-veil, anointing, etc. 

Bro. Foster Biddinger taught from the Book of St. John 
in the forenoon, and Bro. W. L. Teets taught First Co- 
rinthians in the afternoon of each day. We also had a 
talk by a member of the Temperance and Purity Com- 
mittee, of the Peace Committee and of the Aid Society. 
In connection with these were recitations, essays and talks 
by the young people. 

Bro. Paul Bowman preached for us each evening dur- 
ing the week. His sermons were principally to younc; 
people and were very helpful to all. 

Jan. 1 was a special prayer and missionary day, with 
prayers for the home congregation, the Brotherhood and 
missions, and several talks along the same line. In the 
afternoon we listened to a missionary sermon by Dr. 
Bowman. The attendance was splendid throughout, and 
at each service we heard a fine message under the direction 
and guidance of the Holy Spirit. 

The committee of the Child Rescue Home plans for a 
larger and better building for this purpose. Teachers and 
officers of the Sunday-school were installed on New Year's 
Day. . ^ . Goldie Judy. 


The Malmo church enjoyed the labors of Bro. Esben- 
sen, from Denmark, in a two weeks' series of meetings 
during the latter part of November. Bro. Esbensen 
preached seventeen strong sermons for us. The church 
was revived and strengthened by these meetings. Not all 
the meetings were as well attended as we desired. There 
were those who were under conviction, but there were no 
open confessions. Our prayer is that the Lord, who alone 
can give the increase, will, in his own appointed time, de- 
velop fruit from these labors. 

We have been enjoying most delightful winter -weather 
thus far. We have had but a-few dreary and rainy days. 

The industrial conditions in Sweden are anything but 
favorable. The number of unemployed is still increasing, 
and poverty is becoming still greater. 

My health is very good. Sister Graybill is fairly well. 
We have no occasion to murmur, but many things to be 
thankful for. 

Ten more days and Christmas is upon us. This may- 
be a little late, but we still wish you a Happy New Year. 

J. F. Graybill. 


The Auburn City church met in council Dec. 18, with 
Eld. Kreider and our pastor, Bro. W. R. Shull, presiding. 
Bro. Kreider was unanimously reelected as elder; Bro. 
Shull, pastor for another year; Bro. M. A. Hanson, church 
clerk. Sunday-school officers were chosen, with Bro. Wni. 
Wilt, superintendent. 

Christmas Day Sister Leah Senger, of North Man- 
chester, gave a talk to the children at the hour of preach- 
ing. In the evening the children and young people gave 
a splendid little program, consisting of recitations, dia- 
logues, special songs, a talk by Sister Senger, and the 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 14, 1922 


story of "The Other Wise Man," by Sister Ruth Hanson. 
,\ftcr this the children received their treat. 

Our pastor has been giving helpful messages on the 
Characteristics of Jesus. On New Year's Sunday the mes- 
sage in the morning was " Installation," and in the even- 
ing, " I Press On." We arc sure that each officer realizes 
the importance of his work after these services. 

On the fifth Sunday of every month that has five Sun- 
days, the devotional hour is given over to the children. 
Sometimes a student comes from Manchester College to 
give the talk. Sister Kathcrine Forney told about our 
small Indian brothers and sisters. The last time, in No- 
vember, Sisr€r Ruth Hanson gave the talk and also some 
object lessons. 

Sister Wm. Wilt is president of the Christian Workers' 
Society. The Society decided to go to the homes of old 
and sick people, to sing or have services for them on 
Sunday evening, instead of having the regular services at 
the church. The Volunteer Class of young people has 
elected its officers and is very active. 

We arc papering the church and improving it in several 
ways. We are looking forward to this year as a pros- 
perous one. Our attendance has. increased greatly since 
the beginning of the year that has just closed, and we hope 
that it will continue to increase during 1922. 

Florence Hanson. 

to all the schools in the District, urging members to read 
the Bible from Genesis to Revelation during 1922. Bro. 
Danner is anxious to get people back to the reading of 
the Bible that God may be more honored and glorified. 

Eld. Ocllig spent part of the past week in our village, 
visiting in different homes. It is his desire, if possible, to 
visit all the members of .the congregation during the next 
few weeks. He is alert to the best interests of the church, 
and hopes that, by visiting with the members, a better 
understanding of the needs of the church may be had. 

We expect Bro. J. L. Myers, of Loganville, Pa., to be 
with us in a two weeks' scries of meetings at the Shady 
Grove church, to begin March 4. H. N. M. Gearhart. 

Shady Grove, Pa. 


Dec, 11 Bro. E. J. Egan. who has been appointed by 
Bro. G. Howard Danner, our District Sunday-school 
Secietary, to help in visiting the schools of the District, 
gave an interesting talk to the school at Shady Grove, 
after which he preached for us. Bro. Egan used his sub- 
ject, "Are the Young Men and Women Safe in the Pres- 
ent Day, with All the Evil Environments Surrounding 

The Sunday-school at Shady Grove was reorganized 
Dec. 25, by electing Bro. Walter Stansbury, superintendent. 
During the past year the school attained front-line recog- 
nition. Bro. Danner, District Secretary, has sent notices 


At the evening service, Dec. 11, Bro. Spenser Minnich, 
of Elgin, 111., gave us a helpful address on the needs of 
the mission field. 

At the close of the Sunday-school, Dec. 25, Mr. Cline, 
of the local Gospel Mission, presented to us the needs of 
that institution. His appeal brought forth a liberal do- 
nation to bring Christmas cheer to those who are de- 
prived of the necessities of life. 

On the evening of Dec. 25 the Sunday-school gave its 
regular annual Christmas program, which consisted of 
over fifty recitations and songs. One of the most at- 
tractive features of the program was the formation of a 
living Christinas tree by nine girls of the Willing Workers' 
Class, under the direction of their efficient teacher, 
Sister Bertha Thomas. 

Sunday evening, Jan. 1, 1922, a chorus of thirty members 
rendered a cantata, entitled " The Prince of Israel," to 
an appreciative audience, Much credit is due our chor- 
ister, Bro. S. L. Brumbaugh, for the efficient manner in 
which this selection was rendered. 

We arc anxiously looking forward to the beginning of 
our revival services, Sunday morning, Jan. 8, to be con- 
ducted by Bro. A. B. Miller of Bridgewater, Va. 

320 D Street S. E., Jan. 3. Mrs. J. H. Hollinger. 

The Forward Movement Department 

Conducted by the General Director, Chas. D. Bonsack 

©ur Pcaper 

We thank thee, O God, for the triumph of Christ. 
None was ever so persecuted as he, and men finally 
thought they had destroyed him, but their opposition 
only led to his enthronement and power. Help us into 
that needed consciousness that anything without thee 
Is loss, and that every obedience to thy will must bring 
us into a larger victory of power and progress! Lift 
us above the confusing voices of earthliness and give 
us the vision from the mount of thy glory! Then, in the 
assurance of thy love and power, send us forth to min- 
ister in righteousness, redemption and goodwill to all 
men, in all things and at all times, in Jesus' name! Amen. 

Some Real Needs in Our Work 

1. We need a new consciousness of God. We 
need to see beyond the earth. We have become near- 
sighted in spiritual things — not that we should make 
our Christian life less practical, and think that God 
is far from us, because he is not. On the other hand, 
we need to realize that he is near, so that our daily 
experience reflects the power, confidence and joy 
of his presence. This will enrich our prayer-life; 
bring new courage to our work and make our service 
shine forth with authority and grace. 

2. We need a new love for the church. Very 
few belong to the church these days, as it used -to be 
said. We ignore her; criticise her; speak of her fail- 
ings and do too little to extend her truth and fellow- 
ship. The church is the pillar and ground of the truth. 
She is the body of Christ. She has been in the van- 
guard of all that is good and the guardian of our 
civilization. Mistakes in methods and errors of judg- 
ment may have marked the way of her progress, be- 
cause God uses men in her work, but for good will and 
unselfish service, forgiveness and salvation, she is 
the best of the earth, because she was born from above 
and will return in triumph to the place of her na- 
tivity. Let us give her our best 1 


seems to be an age of independence. Men have little 
sense of their obligation to God, to their parents or 
to each other. We are prone to feel that others are 
under obligations to us. We think that men ought 
to give us more money and let us do less work. We 

assume that the world owes us 9 living, rather than 
that we owe it a life. We imagine that we can in- 
dulge and satisfy ourselves, and men dare not say 
" nay." We claim that what we have is ours, with 
but little consciousness of how poor we would be 
without God, friends and the fruit of other men's 
toil. Oh, comrade of the earth ! Let us take account 
of our obligation to God ! " In him we live " even the 
heathen admit, and the glory of life is in recognition 
of this fact. Then let us remember that these obli- 
gations are best paid in faithful service to the needs 
of men; " For inasmuch as ye did it unto one of the 
least of these rny brethren, ye did it unto me." 

4. We need to know just how much God 
would like to do for us. He loves us more than we 
love him. His desire for us is much beyond that which 
we have for ourselves. Could we have faith in him, 
as we might, the windows of heaven would be opened 
in new blessings and power. He would make us mes- 
sengers of grace and salvation to the sinner. He 
would make us shining lights in the world, in charac- 
ter and courage, if we knew his heart. He would mul- 
tiply the fruits of our labor and business if we would 
make him the Senior Partner in confidence and con- 
sultation. He desires that we shall have power, if 
.we tarry for it. We may have wisdom, if we ask for 
it. We are his friends, if we do his will. We may be 
fruitbearers, if we abide in him. He will gild our 
tears in hope, give us the peace which passeth under- 
standing, keep us from falling, and finally present us 
without fault in Jesus Christ, our Lord. Do increase 
our faith ! ..»■. 

Should Sinners Be Encouraged to Tithe Their 

This question has been asked and answered by 
several denominational papers lately. To us, some of 
it seems a bit misleading. Certainly sinners should 
be pointed to faith and obedience to Christ first, and 
that salvation is in the faithful acceptance of his 
promised mercy, confessed in obedience, through re- 
pentance and baptism. This must be clearly under- 
stood as the Scriptural teaching. On the other hand, 
to discourage a soul from obeying God or the honest 

impulse of his own conscience, because it may not fit 
into our logic, is dangerous teaching. Such a theory 
would eliminate the angel's approval of the alms of 
Cornelius, that had " come up for a memorial before 
God." It is our duty to get the best Biblical program 
from the Scriptures possible, for the spiritual wel- 
fare of our souls, and be loyal to it; but it will be 
wise also to be open to the unusual path through which 
the Spirit may desire to lead men to God. 

The church should not seek support from sinners 
in any compromise of truth. Neither should it con- 
fuse their minds with any thought of salvation in good 
works, apart from faith in Christ, confessed in obedi- 
ence thereto. But we do believe that the principle 
of tithing is so fundamental, that some form of its 
observance will muni f est itself with all who recognize 
Jehovah at all. To deny this expression by discourage- 
ment, will be to break down the moral conscience 
that maintains law and order in the universe. Honest 
dealing, Sabbath observance, good will to men, protec- 
tion of life, church-going, prayer, and any other moral 
relation of the soul to God or man, ought to be 
motivated by a vital faith in Christ. But, however 
much we would stress motive in determining the value 
of an act, yet some things are right and bring their 
own reward to individuals, society and nations, in 
spite of a confusion of motives. 

Moreover, we are told that " in every nation he 
that feareth him, and worketh righteousness, is ac- 
cepted of him " (Acts 10: 35). The most of us come 
into our realization of faith by obedience. Good deeds 
— like eating good food — is sure to give added strength 
to the one thus engaged. And a deed like tithing, 
that almost demands the acknowledgment of divine 
mercy, would lead to closer fellowship with God, un- 
less it was continued in an atmosphere of Christless 
teaching. It is necessary to keep first things first, 
but truth is never made more emphatic by exaggera- 
tion and pushing the pendulum too far, in order to at- 
tract attention. 

Forward Movement Notes 

The pastor of one of our large churches in 
the West, in ordering tithing literature for his con- 
gregation, says: "Our section is not as hard hit as 
some others, and we have a real responsibility before 
God. We are getting ready for next May." A Chris- 
tian statesman of this kind will not only provide for 
the progress of his own people, but will witness "to 
the uttermost ends of the earth." 

The first edition of tithing literature is rapid- 
ly going out. The second is ordered, and we hope that 
there may be no time when we can not supply those 
ordering it. We are glad to send it free; but its value 
will depend on its being read. A word of encourage- 
ment from the minister will help in this. 

We regret that Bro. J. W. Lear, who was unan- 
imously chosen as Director of the Forward Movement 
by the Executive Committee, and who has always been 
a great help in every effort to forward the cause of 
Christ, has finally decided he can not accept. While 
much interested, he feels the Spirit's call to continue 
the splendid work he is doing in Chicago, and in Beth- 
any Bible School. 

One of the congregations in Illinois is having 
a study in, personal evangelism during the present 
month. A meeting is held each Wednesday evening 
— the usual time for the mid-week service. The first 
part of the evening is occupied in a fellowship supper, 
when old and young surround the tables together. 
The meal is served by the Ladies' Aid Society at a 
cost of twenty-five cents. Following the supper hour, 
the group is divided into two sections for study in per- 
sonal work. At the first meeting, there were 75 
present, which was an increase of 200% over the aver- 
age number at the midweek service. Nineteen of these 
were young people. This is a part of an evangelistic 
effort, to culminate in the Easter season. This plan 
has the splendid feature of developing fellowship and 
providing instruction in almost vital work, and might 
well be put on in other congregations. 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 14, 1922 


The Food We Eat 


The physical health of an individual depends, to 
a greater or less degree, on the food he eats and di- 
gests properly. 

Some individuals are in a position to choose the 
food of which they wish to partake, while others are 
compelled to take what is given them, regardless of 
the fact whether it is nourishing and strength-giving, 
or detrimental to their general health. 

The child who is in the care of a mother, who 
knows not the needs of that child, or is not in a posi- 
tion to supply the needs, if she does know, is to be 
pitied. But what about the spiritual life of the indi- 
vidual ? 

The spiritual life of a person should have the 
proper food, if the soul is to be strong and healthy. 
A great responsibility rests upon the shoulders of 
those who are called to feed the flock. 

In John 21, Jesus asks Peter whether he loves him. 
Upon receiving a satisfactory reply, Christ tells Peter 
to feed his sheep, giving us to understand that a true, 
deep love for Jesus is essential in one who is to feed 
a flock. 

A shepherd and teacher needs to understand his 
sheep and their needs. Some may be able properly to 
digest strong meat, while others still need milk. 

What about the sheep who refuse to eat good, sub- 
stantial, life-giving food, and persist in feeding on 
husks, such as worldly pleasures and amusements, 
which satisfy not; or, perhaps, feed upon the mistakes 
and failings of their brother and sister, 'thereby be- 
coming self-righteous, when comparing their life with 
that of a stumbling saint, instead of looking to the 
Perfect Pattern — the Savior — who gave his life as a 
ransom for all? 

May we feed on the true Bread from heaven and 
" grow in grace and in the knowledge of our Lord and 
Savior, Jesus Christ " ! 

Shillhigton, Pa. 

In Remembrance 


Some time ago I had occasion to search for the 
grave of an old family friend, whose body had been 
laid, years ago, in our town cemetery. I finally found 
it, overgrown with coarse grass and weeds — one of 
the most neglected spots in the grounds. 

The man had given the best efforts of his long life 
to the church he loved. He was an ordained minister, 
had spent a small fortune in the establishmeot of 
churches in the various localities where he had lived. 
Even when he had passed his eightieth birthday, and 
was homeless and poor, he gave a generous share of 
his meager income to the church, and he persisted in 
attending services even after it was physically unsafe, 
because of his infirmities. Yet the live, active church 
of today seems to have forgotten him and his four- 
score years of enthusiastic service. 

In every section of the cemetery were graves of 
persons whose lives had served as foundations of 
great movements — men and women who had dared 
to attempt and accomplish great things for the bene- 
fit of those who should come after them, yet the few 
feet of earth, which cover their resting-places, were 
unmarked by tokens of gratitude or affection. 

It is well enough to quote the words of the Master: 
" Let the dead bury their dead." It is well enough 
to say that our time and thought belong to the living, 
and to emphasize, in our own minds, the thought that 
they — the individuals — .are not there. At the same 
time, we may as well face the fact that this careless, 
heedless attitude toward those who have made our 
world for us, is characteristic of our times. We ob- 
serve symbolism in every relation of life, and we may 
as well admit that our lack of love and care of these 
spots, which are representative of the lives gone be- 
fore, is due to a certain type of ingratitude, of unap- 

preciation, or of thoughtless yielding to the distrac- 
tions of pleasure and ambition. Were we to think 
deeply, reverently and lovingly of these lives and of 
what they meant, there would be no neglected spots in 
our cemeteries. Naturally, we would protect and 
beautify them, and the living would not suffer neglect 
because of our action. On the contrary, they would 
receive the benefit that would come from a truer, 
deeper, spiritual experience. 

" This do in remembrance of me," said Jesus to his 
disciples, and there is a spiritual truth which we have 
hardly fathomed, in the words. It may not be a sin 
to think of the veil, which separates the worlds, as a 
thin veil. It can not be wrong to live much with the 
thoughts of those who are absent in the flesh, and if we 
so live, we shall find ourselves unconsciously bestow- 
ing care upon those things which are representative 
of them. Our unkept graves are witnesses of our un- 
loving and unappreciative hearts. 

Emporia, Kans. 

A Great Big Job 


Quite likely all who may read this will remember 
the time when they were first recognized as men and 
women — mayhap when allowed an adult's wages, or, 
possibly, when they left the parental roof and es- 
tablished a new home as God intended. 

Well do we recall the pride and joy when, at the 
age of sixteen, we drew a man's pay in the field for 
our parents. How careful we were that the man of 
fort)', at our side, did none of our share of the job! 

Again, at the age of seventeen, we stepped into a 
Kansas schoolroom as a man teacher, training young 
minds how to shoot, and so on through life, when 
discharging our various duties, whether as farmer, 
carpenter or salesman, we have always felt good when 
we did a man's job well. 

But material things are only stepping-stones to the 
real life — the more abundant life — the "life hid with 
Christ in God." 

If you, dear reader, are hunting a real big job, roll 
up your sleeves and go to work for Christ and the 
church. You will find many tests for manliness, pa- 
tience, courage, perseverance, etc., on every hand. In 
his service you will not be crowded out by " one hun- 
dred applicants ahead of you." Are there worthy ones 
near you who need help? Maybe they don't need 
something to eat, but kind words or a social uplift. 

Are there children in your community, dragged 
down by the maligning influence of the movie posters, 
the pool halls, dance clubs, Sunday excursions, etc., 
and you lift not as much as a finger? Be a man! 

We have seen men at conflagrations do superhuman 
tasks to save lives that are often lost to eternal hap- 

How can we, who profess to work for Jesus, the 
True One, content ourselves with child's play? Now 
is the time to put away childish things and to do men's 

Our convictions are that if we do not arise in the 
power of his might, and undertake the big job of life, 
championing truth on every hand, and resisting the 
evil -powers even unto blood (Heb. 12: 4), we our- 
selves will hear the verdict of Matt. 7: 23. Let us 
undertake great things for God, expecting good re- 
sults, for he is faithful ! 

Grants Pass, Oregon. 

close your eyes to what you know is there, even 
though it may not be on the surface? 

We ought to be ashamed to admit disliking any one 
unless he has deliberately done us some positive in- 
jury. Even then, there was probably some provoca- 
tion that we did not realize. 

Your business in life is to get along with people, 
to like them — even to love them; It is nothing to your 
credit to like the people who like you, who bow down 
before you and agree with all your opinions. Even 
the robber likes his colleagues. 

It is your duty to close your eyes to others' faults. 
While you are thinking about people, think about 
their good qualities. They have plenty of them, if 
you only look deep enough. It is a confession on 
your part to admit disliking anybody. Don't start 
seeing a single fault. But, if you can't close your eyes 
to them, be sure you close your mouth. Why should 
you consider it your duty to assist others in discover- 
ing minor flaws in your neighbor? 

I am ashamed to say : " I don't like Miss Brown." 
It shows that I haven't really tried to like her. If I 
had tried hard enough I would have liked her in nine- 
ty-nine out of a hundred cases, because people are 
likeable. They may not appear to care whether or not 
you like them, but just try it and see what happens. 

I once heard of an old man who never spoke evil 
of any one. When a man in the community died, 
leaving a black record behind him, this old saint 
thought a long time and then said : " He was the best 
whistler I ever heard." He was in the habit of speak- 
ing well of people. Let's try it! See how soon you 
can develop the habit. It won't be long before your 
tongue will stiffen toward speaking unkind things. 
You won't see them or think of them. Look for the 
good! Make yourself see it! Then tell somebody 
else about it ! This method pays in more ways than 
one and it is well for us always to remember the 
saying : 

"There's so much good in the worst of us, 
And so much bad in the best of us, 
That it scarcely behooves any of us 
To talk about the rest of us." 

Seeing the Good in People 


We all know that even the most hardened criminal 
has his good side as well as his bad. ' Did you ever 
stop to think that the average person, whom you meet 
every day, also has his good side, even though he 
appears only hateful and mean to you? 

We meet people very often who fail to strike any 
responsive chord in us. We dismiss the matter by 
saying: "I don't know why, but they simply don't 
appeal to me." Whose fault is it that they don't ap- 
peal to you ? Everybody is not alike but everybody is 
good, to a certain extent. Do you deliberately want to 

Atlanta, Ga. 



It has been said that opportunity knocks only once 
at every door. That, however, is a mistake, for at 
some doors opportunity is knocking daily and hourly. 
Perhaps the greatest opportunity of a lifetime comes 
only once, but the small opportunities that help to 
make our lives better, are coming regularly to each 
one of us, and none of our enemies can shut the doors 
of opportunity that our Father has built for all of us, 
in his household of worlds. 

After we enter the first door, each new one seems 
larger than the last, opening into vaster and richer 

Nothing under the sun is impossible or impassable 
with men and women having the help of God, their 
Father. Under his Guiding Hand we will go aright. 

Studying nature, the scientist is ever opening new 
doors of wondrous vision. How much greater are the 
visions in the realm of the supernatural, it is the Chris- 
tian's opportunity to see. Womanhood, just now, is 
entering a new door of greater usefulness and activity 
in life. 

As God has opened a new door, some one has en- 
tered, and as a result we have the automobile, the tele- 
graph, the telephone, the airplane and the wireless 
for our convenience. 

Judging by missionary reports from India, China 
and Africa, not only doors but whole walls are falling 
down. More missionaries are constantly pouring in, 
bringing in their wake Christian education, civiliza- 
tion and the Bible. 

No human being can shut the doors that God has 
seen fit to open. He has placed man here for the pur- 
pose of discovering his Maker and the wonderful 
forces of his creation. 

Let us not only look here below for the opportunities 
that make us so much more comfortable, but let us 
look far away to Zion, and ask help for new attain- 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 14, 1922 


merits spiritually. There are new possibilities await- 
ing all of us. We have only to go, enter, discover, 
and enjoy. God will help us if we but ask him. Let 
us not cast aside the many smaller opportunities he 
sends to us, but carefully use them, in helping us to 
become greater men and women in the service of the 
One who gave his life for us. 
Aline, Okla. 




A little child was given to my care; 

And 0,1 loved it well! 
So tenderly I nourished it in prayer 

And asked for it such things no tongue can tell. 

Believing God would do far more than I, 

I laid it in his hand 
Without a tremor, moan or quivering sigh, 

Then watched in pride that, some day, it might stand. 

In armor with Jehovah in the fray, 
A man that would 1 not wince. 

I planned alone. God hid that child away 

Somewhere with him. I have not seen it since. 

When my weak heart in love would question, Why? 

Or wish it still were mine, 
I lift my tear-dimmed vision to the sky 

In that sweet prayer: "Not my will, Lord, but thine." 

His love all mysteries and darkness rifts 

And gives me grace to say: 
"Thou art my Godl Take my most treasured gifts, 

They are thine own to use, or hide away." 
Hammond, 111. . m , 



Uncle David, Aunt Ella and Priscilla have the 
fashion of gathering in front of the cosy fire-place, 
on returning home from Christian Workers' Meeting. 
There they discuss the program of the evening and 
exchange thoughts brought to their attention. 

This was New Year's Day, and the program had, 
of course, looked forward. An unusual number had 
been out for the services, and at first the three talked 
of the different ones who were not accustomed to 
coming in the evening. Suddenly Priscilla, rather 
abruptly, said : " It riles me so, many times, when 
Brother Brown gets up to talk." 

"Why the displeasure, Priscilla?" Uncle David 
raised his eyebrows a trifle. Aunt Ella looked amused. 

"Did you notice how he did tonight?" demanded 
Priscilla, leaning forward in her chair. " Of course, 
it was just like usual, but he made it sound so em- 
phatic. He is always talking about being persecuted 
for Christ's sake, and I don't believe he knows the 
meaning of being persecuted for Christ's sake." 

" Please be more explicit about being persecuted 
for Christ's sake," quietly said Uncle David. 

Priscilla looked up quickly, but, reassured tkat she 
was not being laughed at, began slowly : " You re- 
member that he said he would expect to meet per- 
secutions again, this year, for Christ's sake. I think 
that whatever persecutions he has, are on his own 
account, and not because of the Christ whom he pro- 
fesses to follow. Just see how unneighborly he is. 
No wonder some people show contempt for his form 
of professing. It has made my blood boil at dif- 
ferent times, when I would hear of some unpleasant 
tiling he has either said or done. I repeat: 'He is 
persecuted for his own sake.' " 

" Priscilla, in a large measure you are right, I 
think," began Uncle David. " We do hear folks 
talking about bearing persecutions for the Lord 
Jesus Christ's sake. If they were facing conditions, 
as many men do, who turn from heathendom to the 
true way, then we might sympathize with them. But 
how many of the average people are doing it just 
that way ? 

And as you say, the afflictions they find are often- 
times of their own making. I know Bro. Brown does 
not do the right thing, many, many times, yet we must 
pray that his eyes may be opened. 

You often hear people say that they have to 

take persecution from this one or that one, and all it 
is, oftentimes, is some criticism that would be whole- 
some, if they would but accept it. Now, what do you 
have to say, Ella ? " 

Aunt Ella smiled. She was looking deep into the 
fire, as though there she could read a message. Then 
she, in her earnest, sweet voice began, saying: "I 
seem to hear the Savior say : ' Come unto me and I 
will give you rest/ and again he says : ' Take my 
yoke and your burden shall be light.' If we are to be 
burden-bearers for him, we must be burden-bearers 
with him. And he has promised to lighten the load. 

" When we are truly hid in him, how can we say 
we are bearing the burdens? He has promised to do 
that. Do you remember Marie Olwood? How ad- 
Terse were her circumstances ! Perhaps you remem- 
ber how, because she was such a sweet, sincere Chris- 
tian woman, abuse was heaped upon her. Despite all 
that, she testified, one time in prayer meeting, ' There's 
never a heart-ache but Jesus makes it lighter, every 
joy is made sweeter and more blissful by his presence.' 
When we are truly devoted, we will talk more of his 
wonderful saving power, how he died for all, and how 
he has the power to keep us to the end." 

" Good," nodded Uncle David, " I wish you two 
would give those sermons at church next Sunday." 

The two laughed softly, and Aunt Ella teased: 
" Some of the best sermons are never given to the 
public, I believe." 

Tiffin, Ohio. ..«.. 

Mothers and Daughters 


Have you heard your mother and grandmothers 
tell about the days when they took their knitting, or 
their mending and went across the fields to spend the 
day with a good neighbor? Or, perhaps, the women 
of the neighborhood gathered together for a quilting 
or a carpet-rag sewing or a threshing-dinner. 

And those gatherings! What a help they were to 
the mothers who had so many home problems with 
no other source of inspiration or information! They 
discussed the disciplining of the children, their habits, 
good and bad, how to manage the cooking and preserv- 
ing, and the social life. Whatever their needs or 
problems may have been, they received help through 
these social gatherings. 

But how about the problems in. the home today? 
Our mothers are kept busy with the material duties 
of the home, and keeping the wardrobe of the school- 
children abundantly supplied, and so there is no time 
for the social visits and the heart-to-heart talks, which 
lighten the heavy burdens and solve some perplexing 
problems. Would it not be a help to the mothers 
of your church and community to meet at the church 
or in some home regularly, with a good program, pre- 
pared to meet these problems and inspire you to higher 
ideals in home life? 

I am coming more and more to see the need of 
throwing more safeguards around our girls. In too 
many homes they are not given the right ideals in re- 
gard to the motive of the pure life and the sacredness 
of motherhood. They are not taught how to care 
for the body during girlhood days and many suffer 
and fall into sin because of ignorance. There is not 
the companionship between mother and daughter that 
makes it easy for them to confide in each other. When 
mothers and daughters meet together in a public meet- 
ing, it not only affords an opportunity to give in- 
struction and to hold up high ideals, but it helps to 
break that barrier between mother and daughter, and 
they will be found discussing these subjects confi- 
dentially at home. 

So many churches are feeling the need of a mothers 
and daughters' association, and they are asking how 
it can be organized and what it can do when organ- 
ized. The organization should be simple, consisting 
of a president and secretary and a good program com- 
mittee. There should be regular meetings — once a 
month is perhaps often enough. Sunday afternoon 
is found to be the most convenieent time in some lo- 
calities. There should be some special music. The 
girls will enjoy this part of the work. The subjects 
discussed should be practical ones. Following are 

some which are very good : How Mothers Can Help 
Sunday-school Teachers, The Value of the Story 
Hour in the Evening, What Should Our Children 
Read, How to Tell the Story of Life to Children, 
Entertainments in the Home, White Slavery, Amuse- 
ments — Good and Bad, Venereal Diseases, How to 
Overcome Bad Habits in Children. 

In most cases it is very helpful to have a round 
table discussion after each talk or essay. It should 
be the aim of the association to secure the interest and 
cooperation of every mother and daughter of the com- 
munity. A few weeks ago our visiting nurse gave us 
a talk on " The Care of the Body During Girlhood 
and Preparation for Motherhood." We are planning 
to have a woman physician talk to us in the near fu- 
ture. If you do not have all the talent you need, in 
your local church, it is well to have a speaker come 
to you occasionally. Whether you follow out this 
plan of organization or not, you should be doing some- 
thing for the betterment of our future homes and for 
the propagation of a purer and cleaner life. 

Portland, Tnd. 

The Cry in the Night 


Eunice had been asleep. On being awakened by 
a cry — a strange cry — she thought she had been sleep- 
ing for hours. 

Confused, at first, and only half awake, she could 
not definitely designate nor define the cry. She 
thought, of course, of her own children, Linda, who 
was eight, and Sterling, four. They were in bed- 
had been in bed for hours. 

Still confusedly wondering — too sleepy to be keenly 
alert, she heard the cry again, more faintly this time, 
like the echo, only, of the first cry. Her husband, a 
sound sleeper, had evidently not heard, though he 
had always heard their own children and cared for 
them at night. 

The last cry brought her, in bare feet and night- 
robe, quickly to little Sterling's room, and to his own 
little bed. He was in the blissful, confident sleep of 
childhood. Quickly she passed to the bedside of her 
little daughter, who was also in childhood's placid, 
privileged slumber. 

At a loss, she reviewed their bedtime. Had there 
been any unusual symptoms ? A story there had been, 
whether a Bible qr other bedtime story, she could not 
now recall. She did remember that Sterling had de- 
manded, eyes large and inquiring: " Well, if God made 
everything else, who made God?" Linda's superior, 
eight-year-old, chin-h eld-high answer had been : " No- 
body made God." They certainly were dear little 
things, especially in their sleep, even with all their 
placid assurance and superiority, peculiar to child- 
hood of this age. Little well-fed, well-bred bodies, 
minds keenly alert — 

Eunice heard the cry again! But this time it came, 
not from her own two, well-fed, well-bred youngsters, 
she could plainly distinguish that — but — 

How weak the cry, how like but the echo of a cry 
— as if it had come from afar — perhaps from across 
the sea! 

She saw the children then! What a contrast! O, 
God, that such things could be ! How poor, how dis- 
tressingly poor, how pitifully thin! Gaunt, skinny, 
little shriveled things, with old age in their faces, be-, 
yond anything her imagination had pictured. 

They huddled behind a tree, itself bare of leaves, 
and giving grudgingly a grim shelter, seeking 
refuge from the fierce wind, which seemed strong 
enough to blow them away, and cold enough to freeze 
their thin little bodies. They were sick, and famine- 
stricken, and fearful ; they were dirty, and ragged, 
and ill-clad; they were cringing, shivering, sobbing. 

Pitifully weak though the cry, the echo of it found 
the tenderness in the heart of Eunice, where also lived 
the love of Christ, which served as a magnet. 

"Yes, dear God, I will clothe them, and feed them, 
and love them," said Eunice, whereupon she awoke 
from sleep and her vivid dream, tears in her eyes, 
sobs and love in her heart. 

Hesston, Kans. 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 14, 1922 


Calendar for Sunday, January 15 

Sunday-school Lesson, Elijah's Challenge of Baal Wor- 
ship.— 1 Kings 18: 20-24. 30, 36-39. 

Christian Workers' Meeting, The Nature Psalms.— Psa. 
148. * * •{• •{• 

Gains for the Kingdom 

One baptism in the Bethel church, Fia. 

Eleven baptisms in the Virden church, 111. 

One baptism in the Big Creek church, Okla. 

One baptism in the Miami church, N. Mex. 

Three baptisms in the Huntingdon church, Pa. 

One baptism in the East Salem church, Kans. 

Three baptisms in the La Verne church, Calif. 

Three additions to the Huntington City church, Ind. 

One accession to the Shamokin church, Pa.,— Bro. H. 
H. Ziegler, the pastor, in charge. 

One baptism in the Shiloh church, Va„— Bro. C. D. Hyl- 
ton, of Troutville, Va., evangelist. 

Eight baptisms in the Knob Creek church, Tenn..— Bro. 
D. M. Glick, the pastor, in charge. 

Seven baptisms in the Eagle Creek church, Ohio, — Bro. 
J- J. Anglemycr, the pastor, in charge. 

Seven confessions in the Heidelberg church, Pa., — Bro. 
J. L. Myers, of Loganville, Pa., evangelist. 

Two baptisms in the Stony Point Chapel, Va„ — Bro. 
G. A. Maupin, of Free Union, Va,, evangelist. 

Three baptisms in the Pleasant View church, Tenn., — 
Bro. J. R. Jackson, of Relief, N. C, evangelist. 

One accepted Christ in the East Dayton church, Ohio, 
— Bro. C. C. Cripe, of Bremen, Ind., evangelist. 

Five accepted Christ in the Eversole church,. Ohio, — 
Bro. Chas. C. Cripe, of Bremen, Ind., evangelist. 

Eleven decided for Christ in the Bethany church, Ind., 
— Bro. C. C. Kindy, of Huntington, Ind., evangelist. 

Forty-four additions to the Brookville church, Ohio, — 
Bro. D. R. McFaddcn, of Smithville, Ohio, evangelist. 

One accepted Christ in the Burnettsville church, Ind., — 
Bro. Ira Krcider, of North Manchester, Ind., evangelist. 

Two were baptized and one reclaimed in the Bethel 
church, Fla., — Bro. J. W. Rogers, of Sebring, Fla., evan- 

Four baptisms in the Conestoga congregation at Bare- 
ville, Pa.. — Bro. Elmer Nedrow, of Lake Ridge, N. Y., 

Fourteen were baptized and one reclaimed in the East 
Wenatchee church, Wash., — Bro. B. J. Fike, of Outlook, 
Wash., evangelist. 

Four accessions at the Sugar Grove house, Prairie 
Creek church, Ind., — Bro. G. S. Strausbaugh, of Frederick- 
town, Ohio, evangelist. 

Seventeen have been baptized, three await the rite 'and 
two were reclaimed in the Roanoke church. La., — Bro. D. 
G. Brubaker, of Nocona, Texas, evangelist. 

Eight were baptized, one received on former baptism, 
and two await the rite in the Parsons church, Kans., — 
Bro. W. T. Luckett, of McPherson, Kans., evangelist. 

Two confessions, one of whom was baptized in the 
Topeco congregation, Va.,— Bro. C. E. Eller, of Salem, 
Va., evangelist; three baptisms at Fairview, a mission 
point.— Bro. H. W. Peters, of Wirtz, Va., evangelist. 

* + * ♦ 
Our Evangelists 

Will you share the burden which these laborers carry? Will you 
pray for the success of these meetings? 

Bro. G. A. Snider, of Lima, Ohio, to begin Jan. 15 in 
the Plymouth church, Ind. 

Bro. W. D. Keller, of Johnstown, Pa., to begin in March 
in the Moxham church, Pa. 

Bro. Rufus Bucher, of Mechanic Grove, Pa., to begin 
Feb. 5 in the Lititz church. Pa. 

Bro. A. B. Miller, of Bridgewater, Va., is holding meet- 
ings in the Washington City church, D. C 

Bro. John R. Snyder, of Bellcfontaine, Ohio, is hold- 
ing meetings in the Vicwmont church, Pa. 

Bro. J. L. Myers, of Loganville. Pa., to begin March 4 
at the Shady Grove church, Falling Spring, Pa. 

* + * * 
Personal Mention 

Bro. A. B. Hollinger, late of Ncwville, N. Dak., has 
been secured as pastor of the Portage church, Ohio, and 
should be addressed accordingly. 

Bro. Floyd M. Irvin has, with his family, located in 
the Canton City church, Ohio, where his pastoral ac- 
tivities will be of great value in the extension of the 
Kingdom. His correspondents will please note his change 

Bro. Reuben Boomershine, of Brookville, Ohio, is now 
open to engagement for a series of meetings or for lec- 
tures on special themes. For dates and more specific 
information, address him as above, 

Sisters Lizzie and Carrie Hummer, located at Angus, 
Minn., for the winter, desire to get in touch with any 
members who may be living near that place. Information 
concerning any such will be thankfully received by them. 

Bro. Andrew Hutchison, of La Verne, Calif., completes 
eighty-six years of his earthly pilgrimage on Sunday, 
Jan. 15. He says he will soon have to quit reading the 
New Testament through, but though he has read it 
through seventy-four times in the last three years, he 
still finds it fresh and interesting! 

Bro. 1. S. Long, of India, but just now of Virginia, ex- 
pected to attend the Atlantic City Foreign Missions Con- 
ference. So also Bro. R. C. Flory, of China, who has 
been visiting some of our schools and churches in the 
East, and Bro. H. Stover Kulp, of Philadelphia, who is 
looking forward to work in the African Mission Field. 

Notwithstanding the snowstorm at South Bend, Ind., 
on New Year's Day, a very pleasant season of fellowship 
with the First Church was enjoyed, in connection with 
the cornerstone service. The congregation will have one 
of the most commodious houses of worship in the 
Brotherhood, and is to be congratulated on the zeal with 
which it isipushing forward in the work of the Kingdom. 

Bro. H. Spenser Minnich, in connection with .his 
special work as Missionary Educational Secretary, has 
combined into one this week, several errands on the 
Master's business. After stopping with the members at 
West Dayton, Ohio, last Sunday, his plan was to meet 
with our Student Volunteers, attending the Ohio State 
University at Columbus, thence to Princeton, N. J., on a 
like mission, taking in also the Foreign Missions Con- 
ference at Atlantic City. 

The Foreign Missions Conference and the Home Mis- 
sions Council are annual events of special interest to all 
Mission Boards and missionaries, held in New York City, 
or thereabouts, at about the same time. These both take 
place this week, the former at Atlantic City. Bro. Bon- 
sack is in the. East on several matters of business, and 
planned to attend the Foreign Conference and perhaps 
some of the Home Council also. The latter is included 
in the itinerary of Bro. Zigler, Home Mission Secretary. 

For sixty-five years Eld. S. R. Zug, of Palmyra, Pa., 
has beena regular subscriber to our church periodicals, 
and he has just arranged to receive the "Messenger" 
for the remainder of his life. We wonder how many of 
our readers can surpass, or even equal, his record. On 
the 29th of next month, if he lives that long, Bro. Zug will 
be ninety years of age. But since there isn't going to be 
any 29th of next month this year, we guess our brother 
will have to wait about two years longer to celebrate. 
Bro. Zug doesn't have birthdays as often as some people, 
but he makes it worth while when he does have one. 
Here's wishing him at least three more, which will make 
it an even hundred. And here's hoping also- that he can 
continue to enjoy the "Messenger" through every one 
of these additional ten years. 

* * ♦ * 

Elsewhere in This Issue 

Churches of the District of Michigan will please note 
the announcement of Bro. C. L. Wilkins, Grand Rapids, 
Mich., as given among the Notes. 

In a concise and interesting way the Sunday School 
Secretary sets forth on page 26 the very things you want 
to know about Vacation Church Schools. 

Everybody within reach should be interested in the 
statement of the Home Mission Secretary, on page 30, 
about the School for Rural Church Leaders, to be held 
at North Manchester, Ind., Jan. 17 to 27. 

*f" T* *F *f* 

Special Notices 

Mount Morris College will hold her annual Special 
Bible Institute during the two weeks beginning Sunday, 
Feb. 5. A detailed announcement, concerning the splen- 
did program to be offered this year, reached us too late 
for this issue. It will appear next week. 

To the Elders, Pastors and Treasurers of Western 
Pennsylvania. — Our share of the funds for the Annual 
Meeting Treasurer is now due, and should be in my hands 
not later than Feb. 20, so that my complete report may 
get into the booklet of business. Note that the rate has 
been raised to six cents per member. — Jerome E. Blough, 
Treasurer, 1309 Franklin Street, Johnstown, Pa. 

To Middle Indiana Sunday-school Superintendents. — 
The yearly report blanks should read: "Name and Ad- 
dress of Superintendent for 1922," where " 1921 " is, and 
"1921" where "1920" is. Please be sure to write in the 
name of the superintendent for 1922. If your report has 
been sent otherwise, please notify me at once. The 1921 
reports are coming in fine. Will you not help to get 
every one in by Jan. 17? I shall appreciate your hearty 
cooperation. — Lawrence Shultz, District Sunday School 
Secretary, North Manchester, Ind, 

Special Bible Institute at Daleville College.— Jan. 16-20 
has been set apart as a week of intensive Bible study 
and spiritual inspiration, at Daleville College. The pro- 
gram has been arranged with a view of meeting the 
needs of our ministers, Sunday-school teachers, parents 
and every one interested in Christian service. Special 
instruction ahd lectures will be given by Brethren A. C. 
Wieaijd, Isaac. S. Long and George W: Flory. Members 
of the faculty will give lectures on "Sermon Building," 
" Sunday-school Methods," " Messages from Our Church 
History," "Child Psychology," "Christianity versus Other 
Religions," and " The Character of Jesus." Friday, Jam 
20, will be special Educational Day. Various topics of 
history, present needs and policies will be presented by 
assigned speakers. This will be an opportunity for'every 
one' to find the real worth of a Christian institution. An- 
other special feature .will be a revival service, conducted 
by our school pastor, Bro. W. M. Kahle. We solicit the 
presence of the brethren and sisters from our region at 
these lectures and other special features. — C. S. Iken- 
berry, Daleville, Va. 

+ + + + 

Miscellaneous Mention 

" Good measure, pressed down, , , . and running 
over," fitly describes the large quantity of " Church 
Notes " with which our wide-awake correspondents fa- 
vored us last. week. We crowded as many Notes as We 
could, into the available space of this issue, holding over 
the remainder until next week. 

When the Kearney church, Nebr., at its observance of 
Thanksgiving Day, invited some of the poor of the city 
to eat dinner with the members at the church, nearly 
one hundred responded to the gracious invitation. As a 
practical compliance with the Master's suggestion, in 
Luke 14 1 12-14, the worthy beneficence of the Kearney 
members is truly commendable. 

Queries for Annual Conference have been Received from 
Western Canada, Northern Illinois and Wisconsin, North- 
ern Indiana and Northern Missouri. These will be pub- 
lished soon. If other Districts, whose Conferences have 
already been held, have queries for the General Con- 
ference, and will send them to us at once, they can ap- 
pear along with those referred to above. Authentic 
copies of District Meeting Minutes are sufficient for this 

In one of the Indiana churches special efforts are made 
by the Christian Workers' Society to hold services in the 
homes of the aged and the invalids by well-organized 
groups of their members. Such services, while doubt- 
lessly greatly appreciated by the aged and shut-ins, are 
also of undoubted value to the young people who are 
thus witnessing for the Master. This line of work may 
well be attempted by more of our congregation. It can 
be made very helpful to the various homes thus reached. 

Recently something was said in these columns, con- 
cerning the value of placing the evangelistic impress upon 
each session of the midweek prayer meeting. Such an 
effort would seem to be truly worth while. A note from 
the Virden church, 111., speaks of eleven accessions at 
their prayer meeting. Then we are told that the mid- 
week meeting has become their "best service" — a state- 
ment that we are not disposed to question, when we 
learn that, during the past two months, there has been 
an average attendance of seventy. 

"The Social Message of Christianity" is the title of a 
fourteen-page leaflet, just published by the General Edu- 
cational Board. It was prepared by a committee, con- 
sisting of Brethren D. W. Kurtz, J. Hugh Heckman, and 
Paul H. Bowman. It is practical and timely, presenting 
in a brief and forceful way, the position of the Church 
of the Brethren on the leading social questions of the 
day. An attractive feature is found on the inside cover 
page, where these words are printed: "Sent without 
charge to those interested." Other leaflets published by 
the Board and sent free on request are, "The Creation 
of Democracy," " Ea,rly Educational Endeavors" and 
" Ministers' Home Study Course." Order from General 
Educational Board. Elgin, 111. 

Self or Sacrifice.— We were greatly impressed, recently, 
in noting the startling paragraph, given below, in the an- 
nual report of one of the large foreign missionary so- 
cieties. The denomination in question faces an almost 
exhausted treasury, while many urgent calls for immediate 
help, should be responded to. Note the appeal: "We face 
the tragedy of a dying world, and the peril of a nation, 
rich beyond all compare, called of God to service, and 
hesitating in her choice between a life of selfish in- 
dulgence and a life of sacrificial endeavor. This con- 
stitutes an emergency unparalleled in all the Christian 
centuries." One thing is quite evident, even to the casual 
observer — neither a Christian nor a Christian church can 
hope to meet the situation which now confronts hu- 
manity without a liberal response. No Christian can 
measure up to the opportunities, now available, without 
recognizing the imperative claims of personal steward- 
ship. This involves more than merely a man and his 
money — it demands a just and ready response to the 
claims of the Kingdom. 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 14, 1922 




The Liberal Movement in Japan 
Tn various ways the people of Japan have, during re- 
cent years, expressed their desire for greater freedom on 
leading issues, and the government has, in most cases, 
acceded to all reasonable requests. Of special impor- 
tance, along the line of greater individual initiative, was 
the organization jf "The Society for the Limitation of 
Armaments," last September. This not only aims to 
reduce armaments within the boundaries of Japan 
proper, but also specifies among its objectives, the re- 
moval of obstacles to peace in the Far East, the over- 
throw of Japanese militarism, and the promotion of 
economic, industrial and political democracy. The Jap- 
anese liberals also advocate home rule for Korea, which, 
if finally granted, would remove a vast amount of fric- 
tion now existing. A new day would dawn for the people 
of Korea, now greatly afflicted by the uncalled-for tyr- 
anny of Japan. 

Methodism the Chief Liquor Foe in England 
It is no slight compliment to a religious organization 
when the advocates of the liquor traffic designate it as 
the chief adversary of their business. Such was the case, 
some weeks ago, in England, when the emphatic denun- 
ciation of strong drink by the Methodist Conference con- 
centrated upon that body the undisguised vituperations of 
liquor sellers and manufacturers. So far from discourag- 
ing that body of believers, however, it spurred them on 
lo further diligence. " The Times," of London, signif- 
icantly says: " Methodism is going to take a front place 
in the fight for a sober and clean England, and the liquor 
trade fears no adversary more than the Methodist 
Church." While such an unflinching attitude, on the 
part of the church, is, perhaps somewhat unusual in 
England, we can hardly see what other position could 
be taken by a church that is conscious of its high calling. 

The Prohibition Worker* Have Not Quit 

If any one has thought that with the enactment of the 
Eighteenth Amendment, all need of further vigilance 
has ceased, he should speedily revise his conception of the 
situation, the enforcement of the enactment has brought 
out problems that are truly puzzling, but that very fact 
suggests more intense activity, on the part of all tem- 
perance workers. The National Prohibition Committee 
favors the passing of an enactment, by which all aliens, 
convicted of violation of prohibition laws, would be at 
once deported. Such a law might help matters consider- 
ably. " The Northwestern Christian Advocate " insists 
that such a move would practically wipe out the so-called 
"bootlegging." and further says: "The most undesirable 
citizen today is the bootlegger, equalled in insolence only 
by him who bargains to receive the smuggled goods." 

A Practical Demonstration 

Illustrative of the fact that it is wholly feasible to 
convert great armament factories to the service of in- 
dustrial needs, we refer to the radically changed activities 
of the grent Krupp Works at Essen, Germany. Formerly 
entirely given over to the manufacture of great engines 
of destruction, its vast facilities are now devoted wholly 
to industrial pursuits. Besides turning out large num- 
bers of locomotives and steel freight cars, so greatly 
needed by the depleted railway systems of Europe, agri- 
cultural machinery of various kUids is also manufac- 
tured. Sunken warships near the English coast have been 
purchased by the company. These vessels, after being 
reclaimed, are to be scrapped— the steel and iron thus 
obtained being utilized in "the manufactui# of automo- 
biles and other articles. Surely a change for the better! 

Daily Vacation Bible Schools in China 
It may be surprising, but it is true, nevertheless, that 
the Daily Vacation Bible School is gaining a strong 
foothold in China. In Peking alone, forty schools were 
opened last summer, while Nanking, Shanghai and Hong- 
kong also had a large number. Missionaries encourage 
the establishing of as many schools as possible, because 
they furnish opportunities for the Christian students of 
China, to put into practice some of the training received 
in mission schools. Then, too, a great interest is 
aroused among the children — one that is well calculated 
to be productive of most salutary spiritual results. Near- 
ly 800 pupils were enrolled last year. In practically all 
cases, the teachers gave their service without charge. 
The Bible was taught daily in these schools, and in 
famine districts food supplies were distributed. Among 
the non-Christian population, the Vacation Bible Schools 
have made a decidedly favorable impression. 

Facts Concerning Armenia 

Taking note of the great interest, entertained by our 
people in the relief of the suffering ones in Armenia, 
it is but fair to give a brief summary of facts, in refer- 
ence to the country and conditions relating thereto: 
(1) Armenia is the oldest Christian nation in the world, 
and as such, surely should be preserved in its national 
integrity. (2) Armenia has probably given more mar- 
tyrs to the Christian faith than all other nations com- 
bined. (3) Armenia took a prominent part in the re- 
ligious uplift of the Orient during the early centuries 
of Christianity. (4) In 1915, while all the leading nations 
of Europe were engaged in the great war, Turkey seized 
upon the opportunity of exterminating the Armenians 
from the face of the earth. (5) During the summer of 
1915, and subsequently, a million Armenians were either 
killed in cold-blooded massacre, or perished from re- 
sultant deportation and persecution, leaving only two 
millions still surviving. (6) Today the comparatively 
small remnant has been scattered by deportations from 
their homelands. They are still being held, in the land 
of their oppressors, as exiles. As refugees, far from 
home, they are in a sorrowful plight. Any attempt to 
return to their native land, their vineyards, their farms, 
their shops, their homes, means almost certain death. 
(7) Glowing assurances were given the Armenians by 
the great powers that a homeland would be assigned 
them, in which they might live undisturbed. That prom- 
ise has been flagrantly disregarded. (8) An astonish- 
ingly large percentage of the surviving Armenians are 
orphaned children, whose fathers and mothers have per- 
ished by the sword, or succumbed to the horrors of cap- 
tivity and persecution, worse than the sword. (9) Un- 
like the orphan children in other countries, they have 
absolutely no friendly, paternal government to give them 
that assistance which even- the weakest of organized 
governments can give to the children who are to be 
future citizens. Near East relief workers are ready to 
administer help to these needy ones, and we surely can 
not refuse our assistance. 

A Surprising Statement 

While, of course, it is difficult for any country wholly 
to avoid illiteracy among its citizens, it is somewhat 
disconcerting to be told that in the United States there 
are still 5,000,000 people over ten years of age, who can 
not read or write in any language. Among the alien 
population of our laod, 3,500,000 can neither read nor 
write English — a decidedly discouraging factor, as fir 
as preparation for better citizenship is concerned. Illit- 
eracy, too, is not confined mainly to any one race. A 
million more whites than negroes are illiterate. Presi- 
dent Harding and a Congressional Committee are urging 
the adoption of a program of adequate education and 
training, to eradicate the undesirable conditions now ex- 
isting. Citizenship, at its best, demands intelligence and 
an ample fund of information. But since these desir- 
able factors are less accessible to the illiterate, an op- 
portunity for adequate training is to be afforded them 
by means of special schools. 

The Honesty of the Hollanders 

According to a statement by Mr. Edward Bok, in a 
recent number of "The Outlook," the Hollanders are 
the most honest people he has ever met. He insists 
that honesty is a trait peculiar to that nation. He claims 
that again and again he left money at places where an 
employe could readily have taken it undetected, but 
that, at no time, a Hollander departed the path of 
integrity. Similar tests, in the case of American em- 
ployes, resulted in constant loss. To us it seems hardly 
fair that Mr. Bok should judge the people of the two 
nations by the comparatively limited instances referred 
to. We think it is scarcely conceivable that the conduct 
of the few Americans, whom Mr. Bok found lacking in 
integrity, should be regarded as representative of the 
entire nation. We are quite sure that a vast majority 
of America's population regards honesty as a fundamental 
and very essential principle of character, and -that they 
conduct themselves accordingly. 

Being Brotherly to Those Out of Work 

Much emphasis is being given to the unemployment 
problem by the Federal Council of Churches in an im- 
portant circular letter, recently issued. All are ready 
to admit that the- people of a community have a right 
to expect that the brotherly fellowship, which Christian- 
ity professes to create among those who follow Christ as 
their Lord, shall be given practical expression. How can 
any community be expected to take much stock in the 
genuineness of fraternity— to say nothing about Christian 
love— in churches which leave their unemployed to be 
assisted by civic organizations? The secret societies take 
care of their members out of work. Can the churches 
afford to do less? The honor of religion is clearly in- 
volved in the hearty and unbegrudged fulfillment of 
this Christian obligation. This does not, however, by 
any means, exhaust the church's duty in regard to un- 
employment. Its brotherhood recognition must extend 
to the larger circle of dependents in the community in 
general. It can not, indeed, care for all the unemployed, 
outside of church lines, by its own independent plans. 
It must cooperate, with other community agencies, for 
the relief of those out of work. We must remember 
that it is always better to provide work for the unem- 
ployed, than to dole out so-called "charity," which, if 
long continued, too often pauperizes the recipients. 

Conditions in Russia Appalling 

Latest advices from Russia assure us that, while all 
that is possible, by way of food distribution, is being 
done by American relief workers in Russia, their task 
is a most formidable one. Wm. N. Haskell, director of 
American Relief Administration Work in Russia, hopes 
to sustain, chiefly through America's $20,000,000 grain 
appropriation, ten million adults and children, otherwise 
doomed to die of starvation. Mr. Haskell declares that, 
at best, only enough food can he given to each individual 
barely to sustain life. The available food supplies, now 
being shipped from the United States as rapidly as pos- 
sible, are all too scant to give a fair allowance to each 
of the famine sufferers. 

The Folly of War 

One million dollars an hour for more than two years 
—that is what the war cost the people of the United 
States. Keeping that fact in mind, the following state- 
ment, from the "Army and Navy Journal," is passing 
strange: "In view of the pacifist and anti-military forces 
that are at work in the United States, it is of the great- 
est importance thai the people should be made to realize 
the absolute need for an adequate army; and that the 
people have the facts set before them to offset pacific 
propaganda." There rnav have been a time when the 
term "pacific propaganda" aroused undisguised derision, 
but now, when the enormous cost of the war is emphat- 
ically brought home to the people by the galling taxes 
imposed, there is no further doubt, that the people have 
become utterly tired of war— not only the citizens of our 
land, but of all lands. They have had a sufficiency of 
war, and propose to have no more of it. Woe to the 
nation, or the group of men, that would precipitate 
another war! , 

A New Bible Union 
Reference has been made, iii these columns, to the 
" Bible Union of China " and its commendable aims. 
Now similar movements are being started in other parts 
of the world, to uphold faith in Christ, and in the author- 
ity of the Bible. A " Bible League for India, Burmah and 
Ceylon " among workers in missionary societies and other 
residents, foreign and native, has recently been started. 
Fifty or more ministers in Lowell, Mass., and vicinity, 
have formed an "Evangelical Alliance," which aims to 
start a " Bible Union of America," on the lines of the 
" Bible Union of China." As announced, it will be the 
aim of the Union " to combine the various branches of 
the true church in a united testimony to evangelical 
truth, including the sovereignty of God, the Deity of 
Christ, and the ministry of the Holy Spirit, and insist- 
ing, also, upon acceptance of the Holy Scriptures as the 
only infallible rule of faitli and practice." To the ear- 
nest believer in the Holy Oracles, it seems just a little 
strange that a special movement should be necessary, to 
emphasize what every Christian has already accepted 
by virtue of his church affiliation. Seemingly, however, 
there must have been " a departure from the faith " 
somewhere, or such a radical demonstration would not 
have been deemed necessary. 

The Need of Greater Confidence 
A close observer of the deliberations of the great Con- 
ference at Washington is impressed by the fact that the 
various delegates from abroad — apparently suave and 
courteous in demeanor — can not, altogether, restrain the 
deep-seated aspersions and criminations, entertained for 
one another. Mr. Balfour, for instance, openly told the 
French representatives that their country, because of its 
insistence upon its present naval demands, must be plan- 
ning sea armament especially against Great Britain. It 
is to be regretted that objectionable utterances, like the 
above, by the various delegates, can not, in some way, 
be restrained. What the Washington Conference needs, 
beyond all else, is greater confidence between the various 
nations — a spirit of conciliation wholly devoid of sus- 
picion. In the interest of achieving the great task of 
world peace promotion, it is to be hoped that an era of 
right thinking, on the part of great peoples, and of 
right doing on the part of those who administer their 
affairs, will serve to open, to the light of reason, the 
dark places in minds where hereditary mass-hatreds 
are still allowed to abide. It is passing strange, too. that 
Conference representatives of the United States are de- 
liberately charged by France and Italy with "playing 
England's game," because they are ready to agree to 
the scrapping of much submarine tonnage, to reduce 
the quota of each of the two English-speaking nations 
to 60,000 tons, while limiting, proportionately, the sub- 
mcrsibles of France, Italy and Japan. It should be re- 
membered — as Mr. Hughes has repeatedly stated — that 
the Washington Conference has for its -purpose the lim- 
itation, not the expansion of armament. "Good will and 
equity for the world's nations," is the avowed watchword 
of the United States, so far as its aim for the Washing- 
ton Conference is concerned, and that is meant in all 
sincerity. As promoters of better relations, internation- 
ally, Americans can justly claim that they are unselfishly 
laboring in the interests of world peace. 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 14, 1922 


for tlio Weekly Devotional Meeting- Or for 
Prayerful, Private Meditation 

A Promise That Never Fails 

John 15: 7. (See also Matt. 7: 7-11.) 

For Week Beginning January 22, 1922 

1. Introductory Thoughts. — (1) God having provided 
an inexhaustible reservoir of life's best blessings, his 
promises can not fail. (2) God is waiting eagerly to 
hestow his blessings upon us, if we are but willing to 
take his promises at face value. (J) His blessings are 
always made available if we are but determined to make 
use of the golden key— the prayer of faith. (4) "Ask 
and ye shall receive " — the universal promise that can 
not fail. 

2. Prayer Always Brings Results. — In a real sense, 
holiness is closely identified with prayer. To say that 
a man is religious, presupposes that he is a man given 
to prayer. To pray earnestly, devotedly, sincerely, 
means to connect every thought with the mind of God — 
to look on everything as his work and appointment. It 
means to submit every thought, wish, and resolve to 
him — to feel his presence, so that it shall restrain us 
from all of which he would disapprove. That is prayer. 
And what we are, when at our very best, we surely are 
by prayer. If we have attained to any measures of 
goodness, if we have resisted temptations, if we have 
any self-command, or if we live with aspirations and 
desires beyond the common, we shall not hesitate to 
ascribe it all to prayer. 

3. Prayer as a Character Builder. — Prayer counts even 
when it is but a momentary act of sincere devotion, but 
when prayer becomes the permanent attitude of the 
soul, then the glory comes in, and then the possibilities 
of life begin to open as they have never opened before. 
It is not a question, with the devout petitioner at the 
throne of grace, as' to what he is called to do, or what 
he is called to say — in the secret moments of life he is 
forging and fixing the never-failing strength of charac- 
ter that is to stand him in such good stead when the 
time of trial and testing comes, as it will come to each 
and every one of us, 

4. Prayer Refreshes. — The prophet declares that "re- 
newed strength" will be given to those who "wait upon 
the Lord." Our Blessed Master declares, in full as- 
surance of a fact that none can question, that "men 
ought always to pray and not to faint," which is an 
utterance of profound significance. It is evidently his 
conception of the far-sweeping extent of prayer, that if 
men pray, they will not faint, and. conversely, if men do 
not pray, then will they faint. From Christ's utterance 
we would infer- that he had a profound consciousness 
of the pressure and strain of life, but we also learn 
that he had an all-sufficient remedy for its most serious 
perplexities — the refuge of never-failing prayer. 

4. There Is Always Time for Prayer.— Daniel, while 
occupying an important position in the realm of Baby- 
lon, found time enough to pray three times a day. Some 
would explain this by saying that he was, undoubtedly, 
an exceptional " man of affairs," to dispatch his vast 
volume of business so promptly as to devote such a large 
period of time to prayer. It would come nearer to the 
truth to say, that it was due to the large amount of time 
spent in prayer, that he was fitted for the diligent and 
successful administration of governmental affairs. It 
was from God that Daniel obtained his knowledge, his 
wisdom and his skill— wholly in response to prayer. This 
was the secret of his being found by the king ten times 
better skilled than all the men in his realm. 

5. Our Prayers Must Be Spirit-Filled.— As trusting 
children of God we must realize that our prayer-life 
is a faithful representation of the Spirit's work within 
us. Deep down, beneath the threshold of the conscious 
self, the Spirit is ever striving to work out the "sweet 
will of God" within us. 

6. Suggestive References.— The Lord's gracious de- 
liverance of his children (Psa. 34: 15). The Lord is al- 
ways ready to hear (Psa. 145: 18). Great blessings in re- 
sponse to prayer (Jer. 33: 3). United prayer and its 
special blessings (Matt. 18: 19, 20). An all-inclusive (Matt. 21: 22). The " whatsoever ", of broad 
significance (John 16: 23, 24). The Spirit's assistance in 
our prayers (Rom. 8: 26). We need not fear to approach 
the throne of grace (Heb. 4: 16). How wisdom may be 
ours (James 1 : 5-7). 

The Apostle Paul 

blind before they can see! So it was with Saul of 

When Christ's words came to Paul: "Saul, Saul, 
why persecutest thou me?" he could but tremblingly 
say: "Who art thou, Lord?" The answer was: 
" I am Jesus, whom thou persecutest. But arise, and 
stand upon thy feet: for I have appeared unto thee 
for this purpose, to make thee a minister and a wit- 
ness, both of these things which thou hast seen, and 
Of those things in the which I will appear unto thee." 
(See also Acts 26: 17, 18.) Here Paul's conversion 

Next we find him in the house of Judas, in Damas- 
cus. For three days and three nights he passed 
through the bitter waters of sorrow and repentance 
for the great mistake of his past career. As many 
days as Jesus lay in the tomb, so many days and 
nights did Saul have to fast and to pray. 

Now let us go to another home in Damascus. 
Here lived a devout man. He saw a vision. The 
Lord appeared unto him, and said: "Arise and en- 
quire in the house of Judas for one called Saul, of 
Tarsus: for behold, he prayeth, and hath seen in a 
vision a man named Ananias." But Ananias had 
heard of Saul before, and he hesitated and seemed 
afraid to go until given this assurance: "Go thy 
. way : for he Is a chosen vessel unto me, to bear my 
name before the Gentiles, and kings, and the children 
of Israel : for I will show him how great things he 
must suffer for my name's sake." 

This is the beginning of Saul's career, and in the 
course of our Sunday-school lessons we have followed 
him to the end. He had fought a good fight, he had 
finished his course, he had kept the faith. Great suf- 
ferings had characterized his eventful life, as will be 
seen by reading 2 Cor. 11 : 22-29. A crown of right- 
eousness, however, was his glorious and ever blessed 

Carterville, Mo. 

Modern Lawlessness 


One of the most cherished possessions of the Anglo- 
Saxon people is regard for law, and, on the other 
hand, there is considerable disgrace attached to the 
transgression of it. We refer to " lawless people " 

in terms almost of contempt, for we believe them to be 
enemies of society. Yet, at the present time, we are 
living in a period of lawlessness such as our race has 
rarely if ever experienced. This would seem to be 
true not only of the American continent and Great 
Britain, but of most countries of which we have in- 
formation. ~ 

Is the law an enemy? Is constituted authority a 
menacing " kill-joy " ? Yes, and no; according to the 
temper and outlook of the person who asks the ques- 
tion. There are those to whom the law is always a 
menacing institution. Their brains are employed in 
seeking ways to evade or to break the law, therefore 
they are constantly " at daggers drawn." On the 
other hand, there is no reason why we should not re- 
gard the law as a friend, cooperating with us in our 
best efforts. 

In regard to the physical universe, we know that 
the secret of progress is to learn to obey the law. As 
one writer reminds us : " Obey the water and it will 
float you ; obey the wind and it will carry you ; obey 
the fire and it will warm you ; obey the electrical 
force and it will serve you ; obey the light and it will 
guide you. The child of obedience is conqueror in the 
realm of law." 

It is the same in the realm of the moral world. The 
secret of happiness and usefulness is in obedience to 
the laws of God, and to run contrary to such laws is 
to invite disaster and moral shipwreck. 

Yet we, as Christians, are not slavishly to follow 
law, but to follow Christ, and if we live under the 
inspiration of his Spirit, we shall fulfill the law un- 
consciously. There are laws which we fulfill without 
ever thinking of them. There is, for instance, the 
law which compels us to look after our children until 
they reach a certain age. Yet it is not necessary for 
officers of the law to be constantly reminding us of 
our duty to those children we so dearly love. We 
look after our children because we love them — not be- 
cause the law insists upon our doing so. 

Christians fulfill the law unconsciously. They are 
guided not by mechanical rules but by living princi- 
ples. We agree fully with that great English states- 
man who said : " Whatever makes a man a good 
Christian, makes him a good citizen." 

Toronto, Canada. 

Daily Vacation Church Schools for 1922 

By Ezra Flory, General Sunday School Secretary, Elgin, 111. 

So many inquiries reach us about future Vacation School Board. Since adopting the plan, we are grati- 

Church Schools, and doubtless many more should fied that at least several other denominations are pre- 

be made, that we are submitting the general outline paring work along almost the same lines. 

of the plan, adopted recently by the General Sunday A local teacher-training course is also provided, 

Skeleton Schedule of Study for Daily Vacation Church Schools 

4-5 years. 

First Year 

20 Lessons— Bible Stories with motivated ex- 

20 Lessons-Mother Stories ahd Missions with 
motivated expression. 

Second Year 

20 Lessons— Bible Stories with motivated ex- 

20 Lessons— Mother Stories and Missions with 
motivated expression. 


6-8 years 

First Year 

20 Lessons— Bible Stories with mo- 
tivated expression. 

20 Lessons in Missions and Nature 
with motivated expression. 

Second Year 

20 Lessons— Bible Stories with mo- 
tivated expression. 

20 Lessons in Missions and Nature 
with motivated expression. 

Third Year 

20 Lessons— Stories Jesus Told. 
20 Lessons in Missions and Nature 
with motivated expression. 

9-11 years 

20 Lessons Biographies— Patriarchs 

and Judges. 
20 Lessons— Works of Jesus and 


20 Lessons Biographies— Kings and 

20 Lessons— Works of Jesus and 


20 Lessons Biographies and Inci- 
dents in Life of Christ. 

20 Lessons Bible Geography and 

12-14 years 

20 Lessons Early Church. 

20 Lessons Geography of Bible 
Lands and Missions. 

20 Lessons— Life o 

20 Lessons Geog 

Lands and Miss 

raphy of Bible 

20 Lessons Church History. 
20 Lessons Geography of BibI* 
Lands and Missions. 

(Continued from Page 19) 

Paul was made blind, in order that he might see. 
Then, too, his hearing became acute. Eventually he 
could both see and hear what, he never could see or 
hear before. How strange that some have to be made 

especially for workers in Vacation Church Schools. 
The Gary Leaflets will not be followed. Those 
interested in source materials for teachers, will write 
the General Sunday School Board. A syllabus of 
every lesson for each department in the first year's 
work only, will be ready about March 1. A daily 
program, with many interesting notes and suggestions, 
will be ready about the same time. All material can 
be ordered from the Brethren Publishing House. A 
list of this material will be prepared later, with prices. 
Several new books are being written by our own 

folks. Enrollment cards, blanks, reports, etc., are 
free. Prepare for a longer term than you had here- 
tofore. It is not too soon to begin preparation by 
choosing your committee. This committee will need 
to survey the vicinity, to know how many of each 
grade will be expected. They must then provide 
teachers, materials, room for classes, transportation, 
finance, etc. 

If a specially-trained teacher is brought in, the Sun- 
day-school teachers will receive added training while 
the school is in progress. 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 14, 1922 



" Write what thou seost, and send it unto the churches " 


We read in 1 John 3: 2: "Beloved, now are we the 
sons of God, and it doth not yet appear what we shall 
be: but we know that, when he shall appear, we shall 
be like him; for we shall see him as he is." 

If the Holy Spirit has led us unto sincere heart repent- 
ance and faith in Jesus, as our Redeemer, and if we have 
obeyed his command to be baptized, we can know that 
we are his. Of course, in our present state and condi- 
tion, we can not know many things that we might wish 
to know. We must simply content ourselves with study- 
ing God's Word and, by the eye of faith, look to the 
Author and Finisher of our salvation for the things which 
are to come, resting assured that in God's own time all 
things will be brought about in his own way, as outlined 
in his Word. 

It surely is a glorious thought that, at the proper time, 
if we are truly the Lord's we shall see him as he is, and 
we shall be restored to that connection and communion 
which God, when he created man, intended man to have, 
but which was broken by man's sinning against him and 
going off into open rebellion. Thereby man brought upon 
himself all the trouble, unrest and distress which have 
been on the earth ever since the world's creation. How 
we should thank God that he so loved man, whom he 
created, that he sent his only Son to die on the cross, 
that thereby he might open up such a glorious, free and 
full salvation 1 Now it Is up to Us to see to it that we 
are willingly led by the Holy Spirit, who will guide us 
into all truth if we yield ourselves fully to him. Then 
and only then, can God use us as instruments In his hands 
for the accomplishment of his purposes and glory. 

tt seems to me that we do not realize the greatness 
of God, and what he can and will do for us. If we but 
do our part, he will surely do his. 

What a glorious day will be ours — the redeemed — when 
all the troubles and trials of earth are forever done with, 
and we are caught up to reign with Christ, because our 
names are written in the Lamb's Book of Life. Then, 
with John, we will be permitted to see "the New Jerus- 
alem let down from God out of heaven "—our dwelling 
place forever with the Lord. 

May God hasten the day when all his children will be 
so fully devoted to his will that their most anxious 
thought may be to serve him and do his righteous will! 

Westfield, Mass. S. M. West. 


This organization held its quarterly meeting in Elk- 
hart, Dec. 17, at the Elkhart City church. After the de- 
votional services o£ the opening hour, the program of 
the day was discussed under the following topics: 

1. "Peace and Reconstruction (Continued) "—By Manly 
Deeter, of Miiford, Ihd. 

CI) He called our attention to the efforts being made, 
the progress and the tendency toward world peace by 
the great world governments, by a reduction of the 
present excessive armaments. He showed the place of 
the church in the present program of world peace, and 
especially did he point out the responsibility of the 
ministry. He urged a thorough campaign of teaching 
our young men. Thus they may be inspired by the plain 
teachings of the Master, to live out the personal con- 
victions that Jesus Christ has plainly given in his Word 
against war. "Be not overcome with evil, but overcome 
evil with good." "All they that take the sword shall 
perish with the sword," etc. As a church, we must not 
cease to teach these Divine principles of peace that our 
young people may thus be fortified with personal con- 
victions against any future crisis that may come upon 

(2) As to reconstruction, we, as a church, have failed 
to assert ourselves in our God-given capacity and«our 
failure stands out in contrast with the good work which 
is being done by others, who should have had our help in 
a more appreciative measure. 

2. "Some Definite and Practical Things the Ministry 
Can and Ought to Do t to Curb the Cigarette Evil." This 
was ably discussed by Bro. T. E. George, of Goshen, 
Ind. He told us that this is one of the four great evils 
of the present time, i. e., "The Movies," "The Modern 
Dance," "Gambling," "Tobacco." 

(1) The cigarette evil is a terrible monster in our 
very midst — a demoralizer of the career of the modern 
youth. It has increased to an alarming degree during 
the World War' and since that time. It is now getting 
hold of the girls, as well as the boys. 

Some reasons for this greatly increasing degeneracy 
are seen in the fact that this evil thing is backed by the 
powerful, organized Tobacco Trust, with its enormous 
wealth. This they use to promote any and every means 
that offer any advantage to advance their nefarious in- 

terests—means that are unlawful, untruthful, uncivil, 
degrading and demoralizing, as any honest and careful 
investigation will readily reveal. The vicious habit 
affects not only those affected thereby, but society at 

(2) The cigarette evil must be recognized by the min- 
istry of every Christian organization, and especially by 
the ministry of the Church of the Brethren, as a foe of 
the most insidious type. It must be met by a constant 
agitation. We must urge our young people to hold anti- 
cigarette programs, and to form anti-tobacco clubs, etc. 
We must urge our legislatures to give us better laws, 
with which to curb this monster evil, and then we must 
see to it that these laws are enforced. We must ex- 
pose the evils and dangers of the use of tobacco, with 
the same determination to win our cause, as the tobacco 
trusts do to introduce their goods everywhere. 

The election of officers for the coming year resulted 
as follows: President, E. C. Swihart; Vice-President, 
J. H. Fike; Secretary-Treasurer, M. H. Geyer. 

Miiford, Ind. M. H. Geyer. 

* ♦ i 


Since we have just finished a series of lessons in the 
Sunday-school on the life and activities of the Apostle 
Paul, let us pause for a few moments, and study Paul 
as a man. No doflbt we have thoroughly studied and 
discussed his life work, but have not fully realized what 
a great man he was. Probably no other man has ever 
done so much for Christianity since the time of Christ. 

Paul's work may be summed up in five brief points: 
(1) Paul was a world missionary, carrying the Gospel 
to all parts of the world of his day and literally fulfill- 
ing the promises of Acts 1: 8. (2) Paul liberated Chris- 
tianity from the bonds of a narrow Judaism and made it 
a religion for all mankind. (3) Paul interpreted Chris- 
tianity to the Gentile world and, therefore, to us, who 
are the inheritors of Greek and Roman thought. (4) Paul 
was the first organizer of the church. (S) In his letters, 
Paul has left to the Christian world a priceless legacy, 
second in importance only to the four Gospels. 

To characterize Paul is to picture a full-grown Chris- 
tian. Audacity of speech, fearlessness of men, rever- 
ence for God and Christ portray his great courage. 
He was so energetic that he had no idle time, so earnest 
was he that, on one occasion, he was accused of being 
mad. Can you think of a man who was more zealous in 
the cause of his Master? His letters abound in prayers. 
Eph. 3: 14-21 is a sublime example of his prayerfulness. 
His capacity for friendship is shown by the many per- 
sons that were in the inner circle of his life. If we 
were to undergo the trials and difficulties that Paul had 
to experience, do you think we could be as optimistic 
and cheerful? Paul's tactfulness fitted him for address- 
ing all classes, nationalities, and people of all vocations 
in life. But the supreme characteristic of his life was 
his complete personal devotion to Christ. 

Notice his attitude in the trials before the civil courts. 
He does not recant. He does not apologize. He does 
not abuse the civilization of his time. He does not rant 
against the established order. He does not try to stir 
up insurrection. He does not beg for mercy. He re- 
asserts the great truths he has been preaching with 
unqualified faith in their power to produce a new social 
order and a new civilization. He is optimistic about the 
race. Paul is always great. Whenever he appears, he is 
a marked figure, and he is greater in death than the 
men around him were in life. 

Get the full force of Paul's triumphant faith and testi- 
mony (2 Tim. 4: 6-8). Judged by such a test, Paul was 
a man of the ages, and Christianity was the boon of the 
nations. ' W. E. Rife. 

Chili, Ind. «•« 


Since our last report three Sunday-school girls have 
been baptized. Bro. J. E. Steinour preached for us Oct. 
30. Sunday evening, before Thanksgiving, Bro. Jesse 
Emmert gave us a lecture on the "Needs of Our Mission 
Fields," illustrating with stereopticon pictures of the 
India field. Our Thanksgiving offering amounted to 

Dec. 12 we met in council, with Eld. J. P. Dickey pre- 
siding. Bro. L. J. Lehman was reelected church clerk; 
Bro. Leland S. Brubakcr, Sunday-school superintendent. 

Last week was a very busy one. Dr. Kurtz reached 
our city Dec. 18 and occupied our pulpit on , Sunday 
morning and evening; also Monday and Tuesday even- 
ings. He also talked during the college chapel exer- 
cises on Monday and Tuesday mornings, and during as- 
sembly hour at the Pomona Valley School of Religion 
on Monday evening, after the services here. The 
weather was decidedly rainy from beginning to end of 
Bro. Kurtz's stay in our midst. However, in spite of this, 
large crowds of out members and fellow-townsmen came 
to hear Dr. Kurtz. The young people were very eager 
to hear him each time he spoke, because of the great 
value his lectures were to them. 

Our Christmas was a, " giving " one. The Beginners 

and Primaries brought nuts, apples and popcorn for the 
Mexican Mission treat. For this purpose the Primaries 
have been bringing an extra offering for the past three 
months. In this way $13 was collected. The Junior De- 
partment distributed invitations to the Spanish Christ- 
mas program. The Junior Department superintendent 
and some of the Junior boys distributed more than 300 
of these invitations in the Spanish part of our town. 
The fourth year junior boys are getting some special 
pictorial tracts to distribute among the Spanish-speaking 
people. The mothers' class generously remembered an 
unfortunate member of their class. The Bethany Girls 
gave the Mexican sewing-school a "quilt-box shower." 
Other classes remembered various other worthy people 
and causes. 

The Primary and Beginners' Department held their 
Christmas program on Thursday afternoon before Christ- 
mas and the Sunday-school program proper was ren- 
dered on Christmas night. 

Last Thursday evening the various Mexican prayer 
meeting groups observed special Christmas programs, in 
accordance with the conditions in the homes in which 
they meet. These little celebrations were quite unique. 
God only knows who were the happier— the Mexicans or 
the college young people. Many echoes of the great 
joy these little meetings brought to the Mexicans, have 
been heard. 

The Christmas tree service was held at the Mexican 
Mission on Christmas afternoon. About 100 Mexican 
children were present, as well as a number of grown- 
ups. Before distributing the gifts, the Christmas story 
was rehearsed in song, prayer, circle talk and sermon- 
ette. The beautiful tree had been decorated by a com- 
mittee from the Intermediate Christian Workers' Society. 

The Mexican Christmas program was rendered in the 
college auditorium on Monday evening. A little pro- 
gram, setting forth the Christmas story, was given in 
song, reading and dialogue in Spanish. After this Bro. 
C. Ernest Davis illustrated the Christmas story with 
stereopticon pictures. This was a joyous occasion for 
the La Verne Protestant Spanish church. Bro. Ernest 
L. Root assisted the Mexican Christians in preparing 
this program. Grace H. Miller. 


When the "Young Disciple" was started, Jan. I, 1876, 
at Huntingdon, with a view of getting the young people 
more interested in the church, and better acquainted with 
one another, a very special call was made to them to 
contribute short, original articles — the best they could 
produce — to help to make the paper suited to enter any 
home, as well as uplifting and instructive. We were not 
disappointed. From all parts of the Brotherhood, the 
young brethren and sisters responded to the call. They 
took great interest in the enterprise and were benefited, 
because their efforts and enthusiasm led to greater 

The children, then as now, were not forgotten. A 
department was opened for "Little Letters," and a won- 
derful interest was manifested by the boys and girls — 
some of them quite small. Tt gave them a start in a 
public way, and although it may have seemed like a 
very little work, in the eyes of some, yet, in their way, 
they showed their love for the church, and many of them 
spoke of desiring to be members of the church when they 
were older. 

The children were interested and glad that they were 
not overlooked. Was it productive of good results? 
Today, all over the Brotherhood, there are men and 
women filling responsible positions in the church, whose 
first public work was the writing of a little letter for the 
"Young Disciple." 

When Bro. Wilbur Stover was home on his first fur- 
lough, he told me of a prayer meeting he attended in 
Philadelphia, at which one of the members produced and 
read a letter he had written for the "Disciple," when 
ten years of age. That work was not of a local character, 
but extended to the whole church, wherever the Breth- 
ren labored, as well as to foreign lands. 

Bro. Hope, then laboring in Denmark, wrote how 
much the children, even there, were interested in the 
paper that they received each week. The children and 
the young Christians did their work cheerfully and will- 
ingly, and they did it well. We are glad to know that 
the young of the present day, through the "Young 
People." and other papers of that kind, are still being 
trained for the church and future work. 

We now have Vacation Bible Schools and home mis- 
sion work, in the different State Districts, opening up a 
great and needy field for the young of the present day. 
It should appeal loudly to the young Christian of today, 
especially since we have so many who are already trained, 
and have had advantages for that training that those of 
us, who labored forty-five years ago, did not have. That 
lack greatly hindered us in our efforts to accomplish the 
work assigned. 

It is a pleasing thought that we have so many volun- 
teers for the foreign field— young men and women who 
(Continued on Page 30) 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 14, 1922 

Notes From Oar Correspondents 

As cold water to a thirsty soul, so is good news from a far country 

Eller, cldei 


Chico.-Wc rucl ht tin- church Dec. 25. at 7: .10. Tor our Christ mas 

program and n treat (or our Sunday- school scholars. There were 
thirty-five song, and recitations, well rendered. Seventy-five were 
present, including parents who had not been in the habit ol at- 
tending. They. roo. expressed themselves as being wcl! pleased. 
We have had sixty-four in attendance at our Sunday-school. We 
have new scholars nearly every Sunday. We met in council Dec. 
; Our elder not being present, the "writer acted as moderator. 
We elected officers as Follows: J. J- Reppcrt. elder; Arnic Wright. 
church clerk; J. C. Wright. "Messenger" agent and church cor- 
respondent; John Reynolds. Sunday-school superintendent We also 
elected Christian Workers" officers.-!. C. Wright. Chico, Calif., 
Dec. 26. 

Ckndon church met in council Dee. 15, with F.ld. G. H. Bash or 
presiding. Church officers were elected as follows: Bro O. H. 
Bashor elder; Bro. Roy Bruhakcr. clerk; Sister Erne Norcross, 
"Messenger" agent; Sister Sylvia Netzlcy, correspondent. Four 
letters were received. The work oi the church is moving upward 
and onward under the efficient leadership of our devoted pastor. 
Bro Bashor. The expression of the missionary spirit is splendid, 
yel we are awaiting a still greater outpouring, Our Christian 
Workers arc giving support to Brother and Sister Nishekawa in 
their field of labor in Japan. The Young Peoples Classes are 
also responding most liberally to the needs of the work in Japan 
and China. During the past few weeks they have also gladdened 
many hearts at the Countv Hospital in Los Angeles The Sis- 
|l !•■ \id Society sent a large Christmas box to the Orphans Home 
in Los Angeles. They are also helping to furnish the parlor of 
the Boys' Dormitory at La Verne College. Many doors^ of mission- 
ary work arc open to us in Southern California, and our hearts 
are fully alive to the great needs all about us. Dec. 18 the Mission 
Band c.| La Verne College led a most excellent service for us. Fri- 
.l.iv evening before Christmas our Sunday-school rendered a short 
but very pleasing program. Gifts were received, to be distributed 
among the siek and ncedy.-Lulu N. Miller, Clcndora, Calif.. Dec. 28. 

Long Beach.— Dec. 16 was our regular council. Eld. J. S. Zimmer- 
man presided. Bro. Carl and Brother and Sister Stcinour were With 
us. Officers were elected for the coming year. We had a pro- 
gram on Christmas morning, with a sermon by our pastor in the 
morning. In the evening Bro. Carl preached. A few tourist mem- 
bers arc here for the winter, We always welcome them.— K. M. 
Sbively, Long Beach, Calif., Dec. 31. 

Bethel church met in council Dec. 31, with Eld. Geo. R. E1L 
siding. Officers were elected for the coming ye* 
Mrs. "Eller. church clerk; C. E. Culler, trustee; the writer, "Messen- 
ger" correspondent. We decided to have a scries of meetings some 
time during the year, and are hoping to secure Bro. Yoder to lecture 
for us nest summer. A splendid program was given on Christmas 
night. Our Sunday-school and church attendance has been very 
good this winter.— Jessie B. l.ucore. Arriba, Colo., Jan. 2. 


Bethel.— Yes terdaj we baptized, one more. In the evening our 
young people delivered a fine Christmas program to a full house. 
Our time was delayed one week because of our revival on Christ 
mas.— I. H. Crist, Middleburg, Fla., Jan. 2. 

Bethel.— Dec. 8 Eld. J. W. Rogers, of Sebring, Fla., began a series 
of meetings, and delivered twenty- one powerful and Spirit- filled 
sermons. We "iad a good attendance and the best of interest. Two 
were baptized and one was reclaimed. Dec. 24 wc had a very 
spiritual love (east, with Bro. Rogers officiating. We also had 
With us F.ld. J. E. Crist, of Orlando, Fla.. who preached for us on 
Sunday afternoon. At 7: 30 Bro. Rogers addressed a full house 
This service closed the meetings, long to be remembered because 
of the spiritual uplift. We look forward to the time when Bro. 
Rogers, on bis return home to Indiana, will stop and give us a 
[cw more services, The weather is fine and people arc ready to 
plant the largest potato crop in the history of our country.— I. H. 
Crist. Middleburg, Fla., Dec. 26. 


Nampa church met in council Dec. 2, with Eld. Graybill presid- 
ing. The Sower envelope system was adopted for raising money. 
The officers for the new year were elected, with J. H. Graybill, 
elder, and L, J. Hulsc, superintendent of the Sunday-school. At a " 
special meeting, held Dec. 21, Bro. C. Ray Keini was installed into 
the ministry. On Christmas evening the cantata, "The Star of 
Glory." was given to a well-filled house.— Mrs. C. Ray Keim, Nampa, 
Idaho. Dec. 31. 

Payette Valley church commenced services in the town of Pay- 
eiit. with Bro. C. C. Cripe as pastor. This churchhouse has not 
been in use lor five or six years. Our first service was held Dec. 
18. with a very -good Sunday-school and more in attendance at the 
preaching service. A called council was held for the purpose of 
organizing the work for the coming year. Bro. Kaufman, the 
elder, presided. Sunday-school officers were elected, with Bro. 
Galen Bollinger, superintendent.— A. L. Gorham, Payette, Idaho. 
Jan. 1. 


Allison Prairie (111.) church met in council Dec. 17, with the pas- 
tor, Bro. D. M. Brower. presiding. Sister Dollie Elder was elected 
Sunday-school superintendent; Sister Ruby Fisher, president of 
Christian Workers' Society; Bro. N. M. Miller elder. Oct. 23 Bro. 
H. M. Fields and Eld. J. C. Stoner. of the Lamotte Prairie church, 
w.-re with us in our love feast, the former officiating. He also 
filled the pulpit Qct. 16, in the absence of our pastor, giving two 
Spirit-filled messages. Our Sunday-school sent $10 as a Thanksgiv- 
ing offering to the Chicago mission. A Christmas" program was ren- 
dered by the Sunday-school Dec. 25. to a large and appreciative 
audience. -Mabel Brower, Vincennes. Ind.. Jan. 2. 

Cherry Grove church has just closed a two weeks' revival. Dec. 
4, Bro. G. A. Snider, of Lima. Ohio, began laboring with us and 
regardless of the very unsettled weather conditions, and the almost 
impassable roads, we had a splendid meeting. Bro. Snider gave 
u- some stirring sermons. We feel that much good was done and 
seed was sown that will spring up and yield a bountiful harvest. 
Bro. Snider also gave several splendid talks to the young people. 
alternated by sectional prayer meetings. On Christmas morning 
we reorganized our Sunday-school, after which Bro. John Roller 
gave us a short but splendid talk. In the evening a fine program 
was rendered, mostly by the children. On New Year's Day our 
Sunday school classes were arranged and the new teachers took up 
the work.— Lanah E. Shidler, Lanark, III., Jan. 1. 

Dixon church met for business meeting on Monday evening. Dec 
26. with Eld. John Heckman presiding. Two letters of membership 
were received. Bro. Heckman was reelected elder for the coming 
year. Bro. Trios. McWcthy was reelected Sunday-school superin- 
tendent; Sister Ada Underwood, musical director; Sister Nora 
Eindig, member of Christian Workers* committee. On Christmas 
Day an interesting program was rendered by the Sunday-school 
pupils. An offering was lifted for the Orphanage. On Thanks- 
giving Day over a hundred met at the church (or services, and fol- 
lowing the service enjoyed a scramble dinner and social time to- 
gether An offering of $38.65 was lifted for the Emergency Fund. 
Since last report one has been received by baptism. The record 
tor the work of the past year shows progress, and prospects are 
nonelul for the coming year. We appreciate the return of several 
members who have been absent for some time, and also those who 
have recently moved in. May the Lord bless our labors during 
year, as he has in the past|-Mrs. J. J. Johnson, 215 
■ cnuc. Dixon. III., Dec. 28. 


Elgin.— For a montb our Sunday-school attendance has been be- 
yond the enrollment. With the New Year we have established a 
new starting point— 233. Our communion Dec. 11 was the most 
largely attended in years, and we were just " home folks." That 
day was marked red for three lambs that wanted to be in the fold. 
The Ladies' Aid had a jubilee Dec. 15, a luncheon being served to 
85 people. The program included the annual mite-box opening, 
which revealed about $58. half of which goes to the Old Folks' 
Home at Mount Morris, and the other half to the Emergency Fund. 
Three Armenian orphans have been adopted by various classes of the 
Sunday-school for a year, at $6" per year. At Christmas, the 
" white gifts " were carried into a miniature church in a corner of 
the auditorium, and included favors ' for the distressed Russians. 
Jan. 1 Raymond Flory, missionary to China on furlough, told the 
Sunday-school about New Year customs among the Chinese of his 
neighborhood. That evening he amplified with an address to the 
public on Chinese habits and customs. This was so well taken 
that he was solicited to give, the following Tuesday evening, his ad- 
dress on the Governor of Shansi Province. Jan. 4. at 6:30, we met at 
the church for a " fellowship supper," after which the younger and 
older were divided, and each group addressed on plans for personal 
evangelism. The town is being mapped out by the ministerial as- 
sociation of the city. These meetings will be stressed weekly till 
Easter-Adaline H. Beery, Elgin, 111., Jan. 5. 

Martin Creek church met Dec. 31 in council, with Eld. J. W. 
Harshbargcr presiding. We reorganized our Sunday-school, with 
Bro. Chas Mauck, supcrintendent.-Amclia Leinard, Fairfield. 111. 

Vtrden church enters the New Year with much rejoicing. In a 
most wonderful way God has been using our pastor, Bro. Martin, 
and his wife. An evidence that God's Spirit has truly been in our 
midst was manifested at our last weekly prayer meeting, when 
eleven were received by baptism. All were heads of families, ex- 
cepting two. Our weekly prayer meeting has become our best 
service. We have had an average attendance of seventy the past 
two months. On Christmas evening a splendid program was ren- 
dered.'all three departments of our Sunday-school having some part. 
The closing was a White Gift service, when some representative 
of each of our sixteen classes carried something to the white-cov- 
ered altar as a gift to. the King. A number of baskets were taken 
to the needy the following day,— Stella Brubaker, Virden, 111., 
Dec. 30. 

Waddnms Grove church was greatly strengthened and built up by 
the holiday Bible Institute, conducted by Bro. T. M. Moore, of Lan- 
ark, 111. Owing to the roughness of the roads, we secured the use of 
the Baptist church of Lena for the week. Bro. Moore knows his 
Bible and is quite able to teach it in a comprehensive way. The day 
was divided into three periods of class work, followed by a sermon 
each evening. All who attended expressed a desire for more syste- 
matic Bible study and have since decided to conduct a Bible class 
meeting once each week. On Christmas Day the Sunday-school 
rendered a splendid program. On New Year's Day one of our aged 
sisters called for the elders and was anointed. Jan. 2 between fifty 
and sixty of the members and friends gathered at the home of their 
pastor and wife, giving them a complete surprise and presenting them 
with a fine, upholstered couch, as an expression of appreciation of 
their work for the past year.— 1 Wm. U. Wagner, Lena, 111., Jan. 4. 

Yellow Creek. — We rendered our Christmas program on Sunday 
evening, Dec. 25, to an appreciative audience in the country church. 
After the services a treat was given to each Sunday-school pupil. 
Brother and Sister Floyd Mallott. of Bethany Bible School, were 
with us four days during the holiday week and conducted our 
Bible Institute. For our study we took the Sermon on the Mount, 
and the Book of John. Bro. Mallott explained it in such a clear 
way that all felt that they could read these portions of the 
Bible with a better understanding. He also gave Us two forceful 
sermons on Wednesday and Thursday evenings. On Friday evening 
he talked in the Pearl City house. A very interesting part _ of the 
Institute was the story period, when Sister Mallott told stories to 
the children. She also told a story at each evening service. — Minnie 
Kuhteman. Pearl City, III., -Jan. 1. 

Beech Grove church met in council Dec. 1. Bro. Norris was re- 
tained as elder for the ensuing year: Bro. Wm. Frank Krall, Sun- 
day-school superintendent. Two letters were received. We are 
engaged in a series of meetings, in charge of Bro. Fred Fair, of 
Kokomo, Ind., who is giving us strong Gospel sermons. Sister 
Scitner, of North Manchester, is leading the song services. The 
house is well filled each night, with the crowds still increasing. 
Much interest is manifested. The meetings will continue for at 
least two weeks.— Maude Krall, Fortville, Ind., Jan. 2. 

Bethany.— Dr. Brubaker and family were with us Oct. 23. He 
gave two fine lectures and showed views of bis work. Bro. C. C. 
Kindy, of Huntington, was with us Nov. 13 to 27. Eleven decided for 
Christ. We met in members' meeting Dec. 10, with Bro. Raleigh 
presiding. Bro. Albert Warstler is superintendent, and * Sister 
Amanda Neff. president of the Christian Workers' Meeting. On 
Christmas evening the young people and children gave a fine pro- 
gram. On Christmas Day we took a collection for the Emergency 
Fund.— Mrs. Bertha B. Wevbright, Syracuse, Ind., Dec. 29. 

Buck Creek congregation met Jan. 1, when officers were elected 
for the Christian Workers, with Minnie Idle, president, Dec. 30 
our Aid had an all-day meeting at the church. A good program was 
rendered, which was much appreciated. Our Christmas program was 
fine. The Sunday-school .is prospering. Our general average for 
1921 was 103.— Phebe E. Teeter, Mooreland, Ind,, Jan. 2. 

Burnettsville church met in council Dec. 31, with Eld. G. B. Heeter 
in charge. We elected our Sunday-school and church officials for the 
coming year: Bro. G. B. Heeter. elder and pastor for three years; 
Bro. Paul Tobias, Sunday-school superintendent. We also discussed 
plans for promoting the Lord's cause in other territory. The church 
enjoyed the messages brought to us by Bro. Ira Krcider, of North 
Manchester, in a* two weeks' meeting. While only one accepted 
Christ, still the membership was helped. We can take up the du- 
ties of another year more earnestly, as we think of those words of 
help and power.— Minnie M. Reiff, Burnettsville, Ind., Jan. 3. 

Delphi church met in business session Dec. 20, with Eld. J. G. 
StinebaUgh in charge. Church, Sunday-school and Christian Work- 
ers' officers were 'elected: Bro. E. E. Blickenstaff, Sunday-school 
superintendent; Bro. Earl Trent, church clerk; Bro. Chester Peter- 
son, president of Christian Workers' Society. A number of other 
officers were chosen, committees appointed, etc. Our Sunday-school 
is progressing nicely.— Cassie Walker, Delphi, Ind., Jan. 1. 

Fairview church met in members' meeting on the last day of 
the last week of the last month of 1921, to close the work of the 
past year with the reports given— a very fitting time to have this 
kind of a meeting, and to start the uew year with renewed cour- 
age and vigor, with greater visions for the future, and stronger 
determinations to do better work. The church and Sunday-school 
were reorganized, with a full corps of officers to direct the work 
of the year. Bro, Joseph Fisher was elected superintendent of the 
Sunday-school. We decided to have Bro. Reuben Shroyer give us 
a series of meetings some time in May.— Mrs. Lulu E. Root, La 
Fayette. Ind., Jan. 2. 

Fort Wayne church met in council Dec. 29, with Eld. I. B. Wikc 
presiding. Church and Sundav- school officers for the following 
year were elected as follows: Bro. Jesse Gump, elder; Bro. Geo. 
E. Barrett, superintendent and clerk; Sister Callic Musser, "Mes- 
senger" agent; Sister Barbara Musser, president of the Junior Aid 
Society. The writer was elected correspondent. At this meeting 
we also received one by letter. The work here is prospering nicely. 
under the combined efforts of Bro. Ahner and Bro. Wagoner, who 
speak alternately.— Arthur M. Barrett, Ft. Wayne, Ind., Jan, 2. 

Manchester.— On the morning of New Year's Day we listened to a 
sermon by Bro. Otho Winger, which was filled with serious thought 
and meditation. Fifteen were received into the church by letter and 
one was restored to Christian fellowship. New Year's evening Dr. O. 
G. Brubaker gave a most interesting address on a "Chinese New 
Year." A most unique little paper, entitled. "The Walnut Street 
Messenger," edited by the elder. Bro. Winger, found its way into the 

homes of the members last week. It is interesting. It gave the 
early history of the local church, local church news, reports, etc. 
The men's Bible class is preparing a church directory, containing the 
names and addresses of the members, a list of the ministers and 
deacons, the organization of the church, and some other items of 
interest. This is no small task, as the membership is now over 
700. On Christmas night the Young People and Children's Division 
gave a very impressive program.— Mrs. G. E. Wright, North Man- 
chester, Ind.. Jan. 4. 

Mexico church met in council Dec. tZ. Bro. Ezra Musselman 
was chosen Sunday-school superintendent. Bro. John Warstler, 
who is coming to our congregation to superintend the Old Folks 
and Orphans' Home, was selected chairman of the Christian Work- 
ers' Society. Dec. 18 our Missionary Society gave their annual 
program, at which time the funds for the support of our missionary 
were raised. Bro. Chas. D. Bonsack gave us two excellent and 
inspiring 'talks on "The Ethics of Christian Giving." We have a 
fine class of young people, led by Bro. Dan Kinzie. They have a 
splendid organization, which is growing both in number and spirit. 
—Ira Fisher, Mexico, Ind., Dec. 31. 

Middletown.— Today Bro. Roof, of Anderson, preached for us. We 
have preaching whenever a minister can be with us. Bro. Lewis 
is not able to be with us very often. Our Sunday-school is small, 
but interesting. The greater lack is sufficient officers, and es- 
pecially teachers. Ministerial help is greatly needed. Wc are trust- 
ing for more help in the future.— Florida J. E. Green, Middletown, 
Ind., Jan. 1. 

North Winona Lake church enjoyed a very impressive service on 
Christmas evening. A program was given by the children, followed 
by ^ pageant, " White Gifts for the King." by our young people. 
Much credit is due them for their efforts. The new Sunday-school 
officers take their places Jan. 1, with Bro. Ancil Likens, superin- 
tendent. We are closing a very successful year of Sunday-school 
work at this place. The average attendance for the year was 
ninety-two.— Mrs. Ed Piper, Warsaw, Ind., Dec. 28. 

Plevna church met in council Dec. 10, with Eld. Elsworth Wcimer 
presiding. Bro. Silas Fisher was elected elder for the coming 
year. Dec. 18 Sunday-school officers were elected, with Bro. Peter 
Lorenz, superintendent. Our Thanksgiving offering was $22.06— 
Tena Smith. Kokomo. Ind., Jan. 2. 

Plymouth church met in council Dec. 15, with our elder as mod- 
erator .We received nine letters, one being that of Brother and 
Sister Cecil Reed, a minister. One letter was granted. Bro. J. 
F Appleroan was chosen elder until September, 1923. The officers 
of the church. Christian Workers and Sunday-school were elected 
as follows: Church clerk, Sister Edith Mock; trustee, Bro. 
Harvey Markley: "Messenger" agent, Bro. Cecil Reed; corre 
spondent, the 

Workers' president, Sister Edith 
Mock"" Sunday-school' superintendent, Bro. Cecil Reed. The treas- 
urer's reports of both the church and Sunday-school showed a 
good amount on hand. The Aid Society's report was accepted with 
a vote of thanks for the work accomplished during the year. The 
pastor's report was also read and a rising vote of thanks given for 
the efforts oE the year. The officers and teachers have been in- 
stalled, a number added to the roll, a new class organized and the 
prospects are good for a live school during the year. The weekly 
prayer meeting and the teachers' meeting prove to be very help- 
ful to our work. Our evangelistic services will begin about Jan. 
15, with Bro. G. A. Snider assisting, and Sister Cora M. Stahly 
as song leader.— A. Laura Appleman, Plymouth, Ind., Jan. 2. 

Pyrmont.— Dec. 2 a County Sunday-school Meeting was held in 
our church. Miss Young, of Indianapolis, being the principal 
speaker. Dec. 10 we held our regular council, with Bro. Jerry 
Barnhart presiding. Sunday-school officers were elected for the 
coining six months, with Bro, Willard Hufford, superintendent of the 
main school. Dec. 25 we met for Sunday-school with 166 present. 
Following this. Bro. Neher gave an interesting sermon. An offer- 
ing of $30 was taken for Near East Relief. On Christmas night the 
Sunday-school rendered an interesting program to a large audience. 
The activities of the church in general are steadily growing and 
we feel that we are at the close of a successful year. A great 
deal of credit is due our pastor. In the few months he has been 
with us his efforts have been faithful and untiring. Under his 
effective leadership, with the cooperation of our newly elected 
officers, we are looking forward to an even more successful year.— 
Mrs. Claude Cripe, Rossville, Ind., Dec. 31. " 

Plunge Creek Chapel met in council Dec. 17, with Eld. I. B. Book 
presiding. Six letters were granted and one was received. The . 
following officers were elected for churchj and Sunday-school: 
Elder. Bro. I. B. Book; clerk, Bro. Russell Michael; Sunday-school 
superintendent. Bro. John Miller, Jr.; president Christian Work- 
ers* Society, Bro. Russell Michael. Bro. John Smeltzer has taken 
up the pastorate at this place for the coming year. The Sunday- 
school gave a Christmas program Dec. 24, which was much en- 
joyed.— Mrs. Nettie Miller. Sidney, Ind., Dec. 29. 

Topeka church met in council Dec. 30, with Eld. Emeral Jones in 
charge. Three letters were received. We then elected Bro. I. S. 
Burns, elder. He has moved back to Topeka from North Manchester. 
Bro. Jones has served the Topeka church faithfully during the past 
fifteen months. Bro. Daniel Kauffman was chosen president of our 
Christian Workers' Society. ' We are counting on the Society to im- 
prove during the ensuing year, as our young people's class is to ar- 
range and make our programs more interesting. This is a class or- 
ganized since last spring.. They rrive very good programs. Sunday- 
school officers were chosen, with the writer as superintendent.— 
Mrs. Sarah E. Yontz, Topeka, Ind.. Jan. 2. 

Council Bluffs.— Our last quarterly co 
30. Jan. 1 we had our consecration a 
are hoping to do more for the Master ii 

by Our work has been much hindered since we Have been here, 
on account of sickness, but we believe that " all things work to- 
gether for good." and so we press on. The Sunday-school gave a 
good program Dec. 25. An offering was taken for the Old Folks 
Home. Our Sunday-school is well organized and much credit is 
due to the untiring efforts of our superintendent, Sister D. P. 
Hutchison— a real live wire in the work here.— Mary Smith, 808 
Avenue E, Council Bluffs, Iowa. Jan. 2. 

Fernald church met in council Dec. 17 and elected all new officers; 
Bro Wilbur Gerlach. superintendent; D. W. Wise, elder; H. B. 
Sinline writing clerk. Wc hold a Bible class every Sunday even- 
ing, beginning at 7 o'clock, with preaching afterwards. The chil- 
dren gave a splendid program on Christmas evening, which was 
enjoyed by a full house.— Mrs. Iva French, Fernald, Iowa. 

Greene church enjoyed a splendid Christmas program on Sunday 
morning with every department of the Sunday-school helping to 
make it a success. Bro. Harry Smith and Sisters Ella and Alice 
Ei'kenberry. who are in school at Mt. Morris, 111., this year, were 
home for the holidays and also rendered splendid help. Through 
the supervision of Brother and Sister Burton a very impressive 
musical. "The King of Peace." was carried out with readings, de- 
scribing each song, which was much appreciated. An offering of 
$15.17 was lifted for the Emergency Fund. The Home Department 
of the Sunday-school has done good work again this year, besides 
the splendid spirit manifested in giving to the mission work. 
Through the efforts of Sister Eva Peterson, at Nashua, working as 
a visitor, five homes of shut-ins are receiving gladly the literature 
of the Sunday-school. One such home was also helped by the Sis- 
ters' Aid Society sending a_ J>ox of clothing— Elsie A. Pyle, Greene, 
Iowa. Dec. 31. 

Osceola church met in council Dec. 31. Bro. J. D. Brower. oor 
elder, being absent. Bro. Colyn presided. Owing to the fact that 
some of our workers think of moving in the spring, some changes 
were made in our teaching force at Sunday-school. Bro. Chas. 
Colyn was elected elder in charge for one year; Sisters Dolly Fore- 
man and Emma Propst, Sunday-school superintendents. The Sunday- 
school pupils rendered a program Christmas morning.— Nora Colyn. 
New Virginia, Iowa, Jan. 3. 

cil for 1921 convened Dec. 

installation service. We 

i 1922, than in the year gone 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 14, 1922 


panther Creek church met in council Dec. 10. with Eld. H. L. 
Royer presiding. Bro. Royer was reelected presiding elder for two 
years- Bro. E. F. Einmcrt, superintendent of the Sunday-school; 
Sister Mabel Walker, president of the Christian Workers' Society. 
Our ministerial committee reported that Bro. J. W. Norris, of 
North Manchester, Ind., could be secured to hold a series of meet, 
ings. beginning the Sunday following General Conference. The 
church authorized the committee to secure him for that time. 
Bro. J. B. Spurgcon delivered a fine sermon on Thanksgiving even- 
ing. On the following Sunday evening the Sunday-school rendered 
a Thanksgiving program to a large audience. A Christmas pro- 
gram was rendered Dec. 25. Our Thanksgiving offering, by both 
Sunday-school and church, amounting to $141, was sent to the 
Emergency Fund; and the Christmas offering of $127.50 to the 
Russian Relief. Wc wish to make special mention of a class of 
boys and girls, between the ages of twelve and fourteen, who gavs 
the sum of $45 toward the Russian Relief. Jan. 1 has been set 
apart by our Sunday-school for Decision Day, and in order to 
prepare more fully and to concentrate our efforts in behalf of the 
unsaved, a special prayer meeting has been held for the past three 
weeks.— Mrs. L. D. Replogle, Kennedy, Iowa. Dec. 29. 

Salem church met in council Dec. 31. Bro. H. F. Caskey was* 
chosen elder for another year; Sister Minnie Wray, clerk. On 
Christmas evening the Sunday-school pupils gave a program. The 
birth of Christ was beautifully illustrated by the young people in 
a service entitled, " No Room in the Inn." The church was full 
and the service was very impressive. — Met tie Caskey, Lenox, Iowa, 
Jan. 3. 

Spring Creek church met in council Dee. 29, with Bro. H. Gilliam 
in charge. Bro. Sharp is to be our pastor while he remains here. 
Bro. Landis was chosen elder; Sister Addie Gilliam. Sunday-school 
superintendent; Sister Angelcnc Sharp, president of the Christian 
Workers' Society; the writer. "Messenger" agent and correspond- 
ent. We had twelve dollars in our birthday bank, which we gave 
toward the support of Sister Anna Blough. We had a program on 
Christmas Eve. which was enjoyed by both young and old. — Gertrude 
Elliott, Fredericksburg. Iowa. Jan. 1. 


Chanute church met in council Dec. 18, with Eld. E. M. Reed 
presiding. Officers for the coming year were chosen as follows: 
Elder, Bro. E. M. Reed; Sunday-school superintendent, Bro. F. G. 
Edwards; church clerk, Sister Delia Edwards; "Messenger" agent. 
Sister Mattie Mein. The children gave a Christmas program, 
emphasizing the thought of " The Best Gift " that has ever been 
given. We are now using the graded lessons in our school, which 
prove to be quite satisfactory. Brother and Sister Roger D. Win- 
ger's visit among us was very helpful and much appreciated. — 
Emma S. Miller, Chanute, Kans., Jan. 2. 

Fredonia church met in council Dec. 31, with Bro. Ralph Quaken- 
bush presiding. All church officers for the coining year were 
chosen, including Bro. Quakenbush as elder. Sunday-school officers 
were elected for the next six months. Two weeks ago we had the 
pleasure of having Brother and Sister Roger D. Winger with us 
for three evenings, lecturing on Religious Education. — Mrs. W. H. 
Sell, Fredonia, Kans., Jan. 1. 

North Solomon church met in council' Dec. 10, with Eld. I. S. 
Lerew presiding. Officers for the coming year were elected: Bro. 
Arthur Dague, Sunday-school superintendent; Sister Gladys Nay- 
lor, president of the Christian Workers' Society. After the busi- 
ness session, Eld. Lerew and others gave heart-to-heart talks, ad- 
monishing us to prove faithful to the trust. One letter was granted. 
The Christian Workers gave a Christmas program Dec. 25.— Mrs. 
John Moyer, Portis, Kans., Dec. 2>. 

Parsons.— The greatest revival the Parsons church ever experi- 
enced came to a close on Sunday evening, conducted by Brother and 
Sister Luckett, of McPhcrson. Kans. The first week was discourag- 
ing for various causes, but ■ the second week was beyond our ex- 
pectations. Eighteen came forward; seven renewed their covenant, 
eight were baptized, one was received on former baptism, and two 
await the rite. Bro. Luckett preached the Word with power and 
persuasiveness. Sister Luckett brought many messages in song 
and chalk talks. Their combined efferts arc a great power for 
good. The Sunday-school rendered a fine Christmas program. —Mrs. 
Julia C. Jones, Parsons, Kans., Jan. 3. 

Paint Creek church met in council Dec. 31, with Eld. J. A. Strohm 
presiding. Officers chosen were: Elder, Bro. J. A. Strohm; clerk, 
Anna Richard. The time of one trustee had expired and Bro. Will 
Post was reelected. Bro. Dadisman was chosen "Messenger" agent 
and correspondent. The visiting brethren reported all in fellow- 
ship and union. Brethren J. A. Strohm and A. C. Buck were 
chosen as a committee to secure an evangelist for a series of meet- 
ings sometime during the year. Suggestions were .made and plans 
discussed for making some changes in our church, in order to 
accommodate our Sunday-school classes better. Sunday-school 
officers for another year were chosen, with Bro. Dadisman, super- 
intendent. Christian Workers' president is Bro. Willis NefT.— 
Minerva Strohm, Redfield. Kans., Jan. 2. 

RoanokeV- Our revival meeting, conducted by Bro. D. G. Bru- 
baker, of Nocona, Texas, closed Dec. 30. We were all greatly 
strengthened and encouraged by his sermons. Twenty came out on 
the Lord's side, seventeen of whom have been baptized, three await 
the rite and two were reclaimed. Eight of those coming out were 
Sunday-school pupils from Brethren homes. We were also happy 
to receive five other young people from homes of non- members. 
Our collection for the Emergency Fund was $49— Mrs. Aaron 
Longanecker, Roanoke, La., Jan. 1. 


Homestead church met in council Dec. 30, with Bro. Jacob 
Sloniker presiding. One letter was received and the following 
officers were elected: Bro. Geo, Harwood, church clerk; Sister 
Clara Lung, "Messenger" agent; the writer, correspondent. Our 
Sunday-school officers were elected, with Bro. Jos. Reichart. super- 
intendent. We elected three new church trustees: Brethren John 
Kay, Otto Heinze and Jos. Reichart. On Christmas night we had 
a fine program. Nov. 5 Bro. H. A. Weller began a two weeks' 
series of meetings, preaching eighteen uplifting sermons. Sister 
Weller led the singing. They visited in the homes of the mem- 
bers and neighbors. One was reclaimed. We held our love feast 
Nov. 19. While the crowds were not so large, the interest was 
fine. We feel that they have done a good work here and the 
church feels strengthened.— Adclia Heinze, Beulah, Mich., Dec. 30. 

Notice to the Sunday-schools and Churches of the District of 
Michigan:. I wish that each Sunday-school superintendent would 
see to it that the secretary fills out at once the blanks which have 
been sent out, giving an accurate report of your Sunday-school. 
Members who have given pledges for the Detroit mission fund will 
please note that I will have these pledges with me, and if, for any 
reason, they can not pay the entire pledge, will they kindly pay 
what they can?— C. L. Wilkins, 1914 Douvin Avenue, Grand Rapids. 
Mich., Jan.. 5. 

Woodland.— Our children and young people rendered an interesting 
program on Christmas eve, after which the children received a treat. 
Our offering for the Emergency Fund was $34. Bro. Isaac Witmcr, 
of Black River, preached for us Dcof 31 and twice on the following 
day.— Mrs. Mary E. Teeter, Woodland, Mich., Jan. i. 


Guthrie.— The members at this place enjoyed a splendid service on 
Christmas Day. Following the sermon by Bro. D. A. Miller, wc had 
a community dinner at the church, alter which an appropriate pro- 
gram was rendered by the Sunday-school. Our school is gradually 
increasing in interest. Wc now have preaching every Sunday. A 
splendid community sentiment prevails here which, wc hope, will 
further the cause of Christ.-Mrs. Wilbur Browcr, Guthrie, Minn., 
Jan. 3. 

Scavey (Town Line).— Our officers and teachers for the Sunday- 
school were elected, with Claffic Christenson, superintendent. We all 

enjoy Bro. Sherland's preaching. He is with us nearly every Sun- 
day now.— Claffie Christenson. Scavey, Minn- Dec. 31. 

Cabool church met in quarterly meeting Dec. 16 and elected offi- 
cers for the ensuing year. The care of outlying members was con- 
sidered. "Messenger" agents are Mary Nencr, west side; Maynard 
Neighbors, east side; correspondents, Hester Oxlry, west side; 
the writer, east side.— C. W. Gitt, Cabool, Mo., Dec, 27. 

cil Dc< 

iih Eld. P. L. Fikc 

Peace Valley church met 
presiding. Sunday-school officers were elected, with Bro. Judson 
O'Neal, superintendent. We also organized an intermediate Sunday- 
school class. The officers for Christian Workers' Society were chos- 
en for six months. The sisters have just lately organized an Aid 
Society, to meet every two -weeks. We have Sunday-school each 
Sunday morning, followed by preaching services run I Christian 
Workers' Society each first and third Sunday evenings, followed by 
preaching; Junior and Senior Christian Workers' Society each second 
and fourth Sunday evenings. The attendance and interest arc 
growing.-Evelyn O'Neal, West Plains, Mo., Jan. 3. 

South St. Joseph church met in council Dec. 28, for the purpose of 
electing church officers tor 1922. Bro. S. W. Garber, of Platts- 
burg, Mo., was elected elder in charge; the writer, clerk and "Mes- 
senger" correspondent; Sister Kerns, president of Christian Work- 
ers' Meeting and "Messenger" agent; Sister Anna Lyons, president 
of the Aid Society. Three trustees were elected for an indefinite 
time: Brethren Levi Beanblossom. Chas. Roberts and John Wolf. 
Bro. C. S. Garber, who for several years has not done aggressive 
service on account of bad health and other causes, is now enter- 
ing upon active work again. He will preach for us at the evening 
service next Lord's Day. The outlook for our church for 1922 is 
promising. Let us all work together for the enlarging of God's 
Kingdom!— E. N. Huffman, 6207 Washington street, St. Joseph. 
Mo., Dec. 29. 


Enders church has recently been improved by a steel covering 
on the ceiling. The walls have been nicely tinted and a coat of 
varnish brightens the seats and woodwork, Wc now feci that the 
Lord's house presents as neat an appearance as our homes, as 
wc believe it should. A neat sign has been placed on the D. L. D. 
highway, directing tourists to our church.— Lcta F. Wine, Wauncta, 
Nebr.. Dec. 31. 


Scrgcnntsville.— Our church had the pleasure of listening to Bro. 
Ernest Hoff, of Princeton, N. J. We were much pleased to have him 
with us He was also with us at the Sand Brick church, and brought 
the Christmas message. Wc would enjoy any of our Brethren, who 
live in or near us, to visit this old historic church.— H, T, Home, 
Sergeautsville, N. J., Jan. 2. 

Sheltontown congregation met in council Dec. 
Robertson as moderator. Bro. Robertson was r 
another year; Bro. Howard Hiatt, clerk; Bro. 

7, with Eld. J. F. 
elected pastor for 
Roland Kirkman, 
as restored. Bro, 

Robertson is doing good \ 

ly.— Roland Kirkman. Mount Airy, N. C, D< 


d the church is progressing 

Bcrthold congregation mel 
Reish officiating. The main 
organization of the Sundays 
election of church officers 
was chosen superintendci 
respondent. It was unani 
ngs next summ 

council Dec. 
irk of 

ith Eld. Jo: 





chool for the next six months, and the 
for the coming year. Bro. N. J. Stong 
,t; Bro. Reish. elder; the writer, cor- 
mously agreed that we have a series of 
id that the securing of an evangelist and 
the decision of the time be left in the hands of the ministerial 
conference. On Christmas Day the Sunday-school rendered a pro- 
gram which was much enjoyed. Our appointment in the country 
has been discontinued (or the winter months, during which time 
Bro, Reish has taken charge of the Ray congregation. He is fill- 
ing an appointment there on the third Sunday of each month,- 
Margaret M. Reish, Berthold, N. Dak., Dec. 30. 

c. 17 and elected officers (or 
,„. Williams, elder. Sunday-school officers were 
chosen, with Harvey Kensinger, superintendent; president of Chris- 
tian Workers, Mrs. Ethel Duffcy. An appropriate program was 
rendered Dec. 25, when a liberal offering was taken.-Mrs. Sarah 
Newcomer, Cando, N. Dak., Dec. 28. 

Sui-rey Sunday-school rendered a Christmas program Dec. 25, 
which was well attended and much enjoyed. Minot SUnday- school 
helped to furnish the music. We gave a treat to our Sunday-school 
and greeting cards to all non-members. Our Sunday-school ends 
another year's work with the Home" Department and Cradle Roll 
as successful additions. We had .the pleasure ^of awarding twelve 
certificates of "faithfulness in attendance"' to pupifs and teachers 
of our school. Eld. D. T. Dierdorff bcing_.abseht, Bro. G.^W. 
Lingcofclt gave the message at the morning service.— Nora E. rPctry, 
Surrey, N. Dak., Dec. 29. 

OHIO ' / 

Brookville church met in council Dec. 21, with EUL-J.^W. Fidler 
rs were granted. Officers- fo'r^hc coming year 
o. Vern Dull, superintendent; TTeya Longe- 
necker, church correspondent and "Messenger" agent. Nov. 20 
Bro. McFadden came to us in a revival effort. He gave us many 
fine messages from the great storehouse. The whole community 
was moved and seemed to feef the working of the Spirit. Every 
night, with only a few exceptions, the house was well filled with 
eager listeners. Forty-four were added to the church. We believe 
that Brookville and vicinity is a great harvest field. The ehurch 
is planning .for greater work for the coming, year.— Mrs. Arthur 
Hay, Brookville. Ohio, Dec. 31. .■ ' .... 

Canton City.— We are el'ad to announce that Bro. Flflyd-. M. Ir- 
vin and family are no 
very inspiring scrmoi 
been without a pas to 

that our church had a lot of talent in it. Four of our young men 
filled the pulpit at different times and gave us. ■ .. ■ ■ 'j» ! talks. With 
trje help of Brother and Sister Irvin, and all^purhiembers working to- 
gether and, praying to one end— that the will of God be done on the 
earth— we will have success and power. Dec"! 6 "Rapt. Wiard gave his 
lecture, " Tfle filack Slave Traffic". JTb,- *^- 
an appreciative audience. Dec. 22, undcg 
Callander, the " Straight Line Worker 
" The Message of the Angels." It was' 
asked to render it the second time. 
his lecture on Japan and the Tokio C 
much appreciated by a house filled tc 
Meyers, Canton, -Ohio, Jan. 3. 

Cedar Grqve.— Jan. 1 Bro. C. C. Petry gave us a sermon on " Making 
Life" Worth While." In the evening a Christmas program 
dered, after "which Bro. Jesse Baker gave 
ing Best Thoughts." Both messages wer 
Omcr Pierson, New Madison, Ohio, Jan. 3. 

Cleveland.— A resume of the year's work just- closed, shows our 
church holding her own. and in view of the fact that we arc handi- 
capped by certain limitations, we feel we have accomplished all that 
was possible under the circumstances. The District Mission Board 
has been our constant helper and at its last meeting with our ex- 
ecutive committee, plans were laid which, when developed, will 
mean much to us and to the Brotherhood at large. Our church and 
Sunday-school officers for the coming year are. Dr. V. H. Dredge, 
trustee; H. E. Metzger. corresponding secretary; C. E. Copeland. 
recording secretary; Geo. Pierce, Sunday-school superintendent.— 
Homer E. Metzger. Cleveland, Ohio, Jan. 1. 

County Une.-We just closed our norma] with good interest. 
Bro. M. D. Neher. of Chicago, was the instructor. His work was 
on the Life of Christ, in the evening. In the day-time his work 

1 to 


:e that B 

ro. I-lgyd M 


w Vi 

ing he gave 



Lamb of 

God." Wc 


In that 

time wc le; 

ition of Harry 
rendered a cantata, 
v'cd that we were 
H. K. Ohcr gave 
His message was 
ty.— l'lezzie Maust 

" Think- 
icli appreciated.— Mrs. 

was for the children. His work is interesting and helpful both to 
old and young. This was our first effort along this line. Each 
local church should make an effort to spend the holiday week in 
Bible study.— J. L. Guthrie. LaFayettc, Ohio, Jan. 3. 

East Dayton.— Since our last report we have enjoyed a series 
of meetings, conducted by Bro. C. C. Cripe. of Bremen, Ind.. with 
E, Friend Couser, of Dayton, Ohio, as song leader. Bro. Cripe 
preached splendid sermons. One of our Sunday-school boys ac- 
cepted Christ. Dec. 1 we met in council with Bro. J. Howard 
Eidemillcr presiding. Officers were elected for the coming year: 
Brethren Ralph Brumbaugh and Martin Zimmerman, superintend- 
ents; Wm. Couser. church clerk; Delia Zimmerman, president of 
the Christian Workers' Meeting, On the Saturday before Christmas 
several members enjoyed taking baskets of provisions to the needy, 
which were very much appreciated. In the evening- a Christmas 
program was rendered by our young people and children.— Dacie 
Baldwin, Dayton, Ohio. Jan. 1. 

Eversole church met in council Dec. 1, with Eld. John Root pre- 
siding. Brcthen Henry Eby. Reuben Boomorshinc and Jos. Longa- 
necker gave short talks. Wc held our election of officers. Bro. Wil- 
bur Shank being chosen Sunday- school superintendent.— Mrs, R C. 
Priser, New Lebanon, Ohio, Jan. 2. 

Fostoria.— Bro. Geo. Strausbaugh was" with us in evangelistic 
meetings for two weeks in December. He labored earnestly and gave 
us some inspiring messages. Our council meeting was held Dec. 
22, with Eld, David Byerly presiding. Church officers chosen were: 
J. B, Bashore, clerk; Sister Lydia Dickey, correspondent and "Mes- 
senger " agent ; the writer, president ol the Christian Workers' 
Society.— Florence Sellers, Fostoria, Ohio, Dec. 31. 

Oak Grovo ehurch met in council Dec. 27, with Eld. J. J. Angle- 
myer in charge. Bro. Milton Thomas was elected superintendent 
for the coming year. Wc have preaching every two weeks and 
Sunday-school every Sunday. Bro. B. F. Snyder, of Bellcfontaine, 
Ohio, preached for us todny»-Mr9. C. C, Schubert. Alvada. Ohio, 
J, „, I. 

Pleasant Hill.— A regular members' meeting was held Dec. 20, 
with Bro. Robinson presiding. Bro. Paul Barker was chosen Sun- 
day-school superintendent. Sister Florence Pittcngcr is our 
Missionary Secretary; the writer, *" Messenger " agent and cor- 
respondent. One letter was granted and three have been received 
recently. An appropriate program was given by the Sunday- 
school pupils on Christmas night, Jan. 1 the installation service 
was held for all officers and teachers of the school. Our pasftr 
gave a sermon on consecration.— Mary West, Pleasant Hill, Ohio, 
Jan. 1. 

Prices Creek.— Dec. IS Urn. Win. Mintlicl) preached for us. On Chrisl- 
mas night, after a short program, Dl'O. S. A. Blessing conducted a 
very impressive installation servile for our Sunday-school workers, 
with Sisters Ada Weaver and Kate t'loyd, superintendents. — Bertha 
Miller, Eldorado, Ohio, Jan, i. 

Portage church met in council Dec. 28. In the absence of Eld. 
L. I. Moss, our pastor, KM. A, U. Hdrfflgcr, presided. Bro. Francis 
Hamilton was chosen superintendent; Sister Myrtle Dauterman, 
church clerk and " Messenger " correspondent. As the Portage 
cliureh was in need of a "pastor, Eld. A. B. Hollinger and wife, of 
Newvilk-, N, Dak., are noW located with us. His first sermon 
was delivered on Christmas morning,— Mrs. Myrtle Dauterman, 
Portage. Ohio. Dec. 28. 

' Roa^chunch met in council Dec. 31, with Eld. J. L. Guthrie pre- 
siding) Church and Sunday-school officers were elected for the 
year:- Bro. C, F. Dctrick, superintendent and church clerk. We 
elected a Temperance Committee and reappointed the Missionary 
Committee. We decided to have a Vacation Bible School. Bro. 
Guthrie was reelected elder, and also chosen delegate to District 
Meeting, with Sister* Frances Detrick. alternate. The Junior Chris- 
tian Workers' Society presented the church with a large pulpit 
Bible as a Christmas gift. Jan. 8 we expect F. E, Watts, of Day- 
ton, to lecture on Law Enforcement, Some of our Sunday-school 
scholars attended the Normal held at the Pleasant View church, 
and have been greatly encouraged for the coming year. Jan. 1 
teachers were selected for the respective elassesV-Franccs Dctrick, 
Spencerville, Ohio, Jan. 2. 


Mabel congregation met in council Dec. 24, with Eld. H. H. kil- 
ter in charge. The following officers were elected: Mrs. H. H. 
Ritier, clerk; the writer, correspondent; Mrs. Laura Adams, Sun- 
day-school superintendent; Mrs. H. II. Hitter, president of the Sis- 
ters' Aid.-H. H. Ritter, Mabel. Ore., Dec. 29. 

Portland church met in members* meeting Dec. 6, with Eld. J. 
U. G. Stivcrson in charge. Church and Sunday-school officers were 
elected for the new year, and the Christian Workers' officers for 
six months. Sister Lorcna Cheney was reelected clerk; Sister Grace 
Hewitt, correspondent and "Messenger" agent; Brethren M. M. 
Long, Andrew Buck and Riley Caslow. trustees; Bro. J. A. 
Waters, Sunday-school superintendent; Bro. Ben Barnes, president 
of the Christian Workers' Society, A number of committees were 
chosen for different lines of work. Dec. 19 our pastor delivered 
a home missionary address, followed by an installation service for 
the new Sunday-school and Christian Workers' officers, impressing 
them with the sacrcdness of their duties. The Ladies' Aid realized 
$50 from their Christmas sale. Our goal in Sunday-school work 
is a front line school. The Sunday-school workers meet the third 
Monday, and the official council the first Monday of each month. 
Since our Thanksgiving report, the offering was raised from $62 to 
$80.— Nora Rench Pratt, Portland, Ore., Dec, 21. 

Weston.— The results of the evangelistic meetings at Weston and 
by mountain district were encouraging. While on the 
Bro: J. W. Barnett held a two weeks' meeting where the 
lot have the opportunity of hearing many sermons. The 
jnity in the community is good, and this was directed 
toward a spiritual center, which is being established by the Sunday- 
school, lately organized by Bro. E. E. Tucker. He, with his fam- 
ily and helpers, is doing a good work there. On Thanksgiving Day 
a very commendable spirit was shown, when the community gath- 
ered at the schoolhouse for a dinner. Two sermons were delivered 
by Bro. Barnett. Alter closing the meetings on the mountain, a 
two weeks' service was given to Weston, where Eld. John Bone- 
witz and his wife have been faithfully working for several years. 
While there, we baptized a young married couple. The work there 
was further encouraged by the election of two young men to the 
ministry: Brethren E. E. Tucket and E. S. Withers, who, with 
their wives, have a great work before them. Thus the results of 
some of our efforts in Eastern Oregon have gone on God's record. 
—Mrs. J. W. Barnett, Weston. Ore., Dec. 27. 

" r jJF t "\'' 


Blain.— We reorganized our Sunday-school for the coming year, re- 
electing Bro. Israel Weibly, superintendent. We have advanced in 
the work, as wc have started a Cradle Roll with the writer, super- 
intendent, and also have a Home Department in charge of our pas- 
tor, Bro. C. H. Steerman, and Bro. M. D. Snyder. We have started 
a Bible reading which, we hope, will be a success.— Alice Recder, 
Blain, Pa., Jan. 2. 

Conestoga.-Nov. 6 Bro. Elmer Nedrow. of Lake Ridge, opened a 
series of meetings at Barcvillc. and continued until Nov. 20. The 
messages were practical and the attendance and interest were 
good. Four were baptized. Our Thanksgiving sermon was preached 
by Bro. Alvin Wengcr. The offering taken will be used for the 
Emergency Fund. Dec. 11 the church met in council at Bareville. 
with Bro Martin Ebersole presiding. Two letters were granted. 
Officers for the year were elected: Bro. D. S. Myer, clerk; Bro. 
Paul B. Myer. third member on the Missionary Committee; Bro. 
Joel Buckwalter. Sunday-school superintendent 
favored, through the Missionary Committee, with a 
at Earlvillc by Bro. John Ebersole. He presented the needs I 
at home and abroad. The offering amounted to $119.!6. Dec. 26 
the Sunday-school rendered a Christmas program to a full house. 
(Continued on Page 32) 

i preached 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 14, 1922 


Continued from Page 27 
are physically and intellectually strong, and are await- 
ing marching orders. No doubt, however, many of them 
will be willing to work in the Southland at home, or 
wherever needed. The following I find in the "Mis- 
sionary Visitor" of October: "Another question: 'Where 
shall the Volunteers, who are not needed for the foreign 
field, be used?' We need not look far for the answer. 
Just over the hill, or in the next county, or, at least, 
not many miles away from each reader, is a church whose 
doors are not thronged with people, and the hearts of 
the people do not beat warm and punctually in the serv- 
ice of the church. In fact, the door hinges creak, not 
from excessive heat but from disuse. Yet this church, 
and many like it, are counted on in supplying the where- 
withal that the work abroad may continue. The de- 
cadence of the home churches, at many places, is alarm- 
ing. All who are willing and really anxious to serve, 
can find their place. It may not always be in the min- 
isterial office, for there is a tremendous need for lay- 
men of the larger type. Whatever may be the office, 
service for the Kingdom, and not for self, must be the 

At Hershey, in June, as I listened to the story, as given 
by Sister Nelie Wampler, of her work among the hills 
of Virginia, I wondered why more of our young people 
did not follow her example. Some of us older people al- 
most wish to be young again, that we might go out and 
help in this needed work. While our time of labor will 
soon be over, and we greatly regret that our work has 
been so poorly done, we want to make an earnest ap- 
peal to the young and strong, to come to the rescue of 
the Home Mission Boards everywhere, and especially to 
our own, in the Southern District of Pennsylvania. 

In the "Missionary Visitor" for November, our Sec- 
retary, Bro. M. A. Jacobs, tells of the work that they 
are trying to start in a larger way, and he hopes that 
Bro. Trostle Dick, who has been employed by the Dis- 
trict to visit every church, to arouse a greater mission 
sentiment, will be successful. I had the pleasure of hear- 
ing one of Bro. Dick's missionary sermons, and I feel 
sure thai he will make a groat effort in his work. He 
comes from Bethany, where mission work of all kinds 
is taught and practiced. 

We have the young people who are prepared, through 
the work of our colleges and, we feel, have been con- 
secrated, and are ready and willing to say: "Here am I; 
send me." There must be a great interest, a burning de- 
sire to save souls. We must be willing to make sacri- 
fices and go out into the highways and hedges, and com- 
pel them to come in. It will require consecration, but 
what can be accomplished without it, and a longing to be 
of use somewhere in the work of the Lord? Truly, 
"the harvest is great, and the laborers are few," but 
eventually we shall have them. They are coming, and we 
believe that the Mission Boards will find good, earnest 
workers to whom they can assign great tasks. 

"Help to save somebody, Christian, arise. 
Hasten to labor, for time swiftly flies. 
Seek the poor wanderers, lost in the night. 
Point them to Jesus, the life and the light. 

" Be as the Master was— patient and kind- 
Go in his precious name, seek till you find. 
Out in the highways, his people must go. 
May his own Spirit our hearts keep : 

Trough Creek, Pa. 

Manchester College, in cooperation with the Home De- 
partment of the General Mission Board, has planned a 
ERS. The purpose is to give opportunity for rural 
leaders to get in touch with others doing the same sort 
of work. The time is TEN DAYS, Jan. 17 to 27. It is 
more than an hour's discussion at a District Meeting. 
This will give time for discussion and thought, with the 
privilege to come back the next day to clear up what 
was not clear the previous day. It will give time to 
get acquainted and on talking terms with those that are 
working on the same problems. Each leader, attending 
the school, will have a chance to present his own prob- 
lems to the classes for solution, and in this way a great 
burden may be lifted. 

The following are some of the subjects that will be 
presented by the leaders: 

1. General Country Church Problems. 

2. Church Organization and Administration. 

3. Church Finance. 

4. Religious Education. 

5. Worship and Evangelism. 

6. The Church and the Community. 

7. Welfare Organizations. 

8. The Local Church Program. 

9. The Country Home and the Church. 

10. Making a Survey. 

11. How to Check the Drift from the Farm. 

12. Building the Couniry Community. 

13. The Modern Farm and Farm Home. 

14. Country Church and Social Activities. 

15. Country Church and Business. 

16. The Tenant in Rural Communities. 

17. An Adequate Church Building. 

18. Training of Leadership. 

19. Rural Psychology. 

20. Rural Sociology. 

21. Bible Study. 

22. Preaching— twice daily. 

This is the first school designed especially for rural 
leaders in the Brethren church. Every one interested 
in the rural church is invited and urged to attend. If 
you are a successful leader, you owe your presence to 
the less successful. Come, let us work together, that 
the presentation of the Christ may be more real to those 
we serve. 

For further information write Manchester College, 
North Manchester, Ind. , 

M. R. Zigler, Home Mission Secretary. 

Elgin, 111., Jan. 3. 

Wealthy Burkholder. 


Today the strength of the Church of the Brethren is 
nurtured in the rural churches. Growth in all phases of 
Christian development in a church, as an erganization of 
people, depends upon the wisdom and vision of the lead- 
ership in the group. If the local churches grow, its 
leadership must grow. When a person in a local church 
accepts a place of leadership, he immediately assumes 
the responsibility TO LEAD. To fail TO LEAD in such a 
position, means a BURYING OF TALENTS with the 
logical results to the individual and an irreparable loss 
to the church, in time and in souls. As a church leader, 
do you realize the tremendous responsibility you have 

There are two outstanding ways to make one efficient 
and ready for the task of leadership: (1) By contin- 
uous, hard study in private. Real leaders never fail to 
do this. They are always eager for more light. It is 
essential to growth. It is necessary to keep ahead of 
the flock that is being led. (2) By contact with success- 
ful leaders in the same field. It is interesting to note 
that the most successful leaders are always eager to 
hear from, or to get in contact with, others in their own 
field. This, in a large way, is the reason for their suc- 
cess. One suggestion, put into practice, has often ac- 
counted for a successful life. Sometimes it comes early 
in life, but more often later, and even in very old age. 

The accomplishments by the first method are deter- 
mined by the will-power and spiritual accuracy of the 
individual. One of the best vtays to speed the results of 
the second method is by conferences. For this purpose 


Bro. J. E. Jarboe and wife came to Quinter Dec. 4 
and began the most successful revival meeting ever 
held at this place. Bro. Jarboe delivered twenty-five 
forceful sermons, contending earnestly that it was alto- 
gether necessary to follow the teaching of Christ, in 
order to be a Christian. He held tenaciously to triune 
immersion for Christian baptism, and also that sisters 
should wear the prayer-covering in time of worship. 

Soon after the meeting began, Bro. Jarboe asked that 
the members hold prayer services after church, and the 
young people and many of the older members respond- 
ed. Before the meeting closed, over 200 were attend- 
ing this service. 

The result of the labors of Brother and Sister Jarboe, 
coupled with the efforts of the Quinter members, was 
111 public confessions; 102 were baptized, 6 reclaimed. 
Thirty were heads of homes, forty-two were young peo- 
ple, and thirty-six juniors. While Bro. Jarboe was 
with us, the church was much strengthened in God's 
.Word. This probably was the largest ingathering by 
baptism, ever known in the Church of the Brethren 
west of the Mississippi. 

Brother and Sister' Jarboe much desired to spend, 
Christmas with their son at Red Cloud, Nebr., but, 
owing to the interest manifested, they stayed at their 
post until Sunday night, Dec. 25. After delivering his 
sermon that night, before taking the train, he baptized 
four persons. Many nights from 600 to 700 people were 
present to hear his forceful discourses. He showed us 
very plainly that it is not church amity that this old 
world needs most, but Jesus Christ. One among the 
many things, that he repeated many times, was this: 
"Obedience to God is the gateway to heaven." 

We regret that our elder, Bro. D. A. Crist, had to 
leave us just now, to spend some time in the South, on 
account of his wife's health. Wm. Wells. 


JOHNSTOWN, PA.— Report of Viewmont Aid Society for 1921: We 
held 52 all-day meetings; average attendance, 6 plus; visitors, S4; 
number on roll, 9. We quilted 17 quilts, pieced 6 quilts, knotted and 
quilted 13 comforts, made 64 bonnets atd 30 prayer-coverings. We 
did the janitor work of the church, sold vanilla and postcards. 
Amount received for work done and things sold, $310.93; balance 
from 1960, $9.25; in carpet fund treasury, $195.75; total, $515.93; paid 
out, $417.51; balance, $98.42. We gavo to China and India missions, 
$50; carpet for church, $195.75; material and supplies, $108.26; sinking 
fund. $30; church well, $20; pulpit Bible, $13.50. We also sent a box 
to a mission point in Council Bluffs, Iowa. Officers: President, 
Mrs. Geo. L. Peterson; Vice-President, Mrs. Russel Croyle; Treas- 
urer, Mrs. W. H. Stutzman; Secretary, the writer.— Mrs. Chaa. H. 
Stutzman, Johnstown, Pa., Dec. 31. 

MABEL, ORE.— Our Aid Society held 26 meetings during 1921, with 
an average attendance of 6. On hand, at the beginning of the year, 
$12.48; received during the year, $36.95; gave to India Boarding- 

school, $10; District needy fund, $15.85; material, $8.10; District Sec- 
retary, $1; church repairs, $14.48. We gave to needy, bedding and 
clothing valued at $15. Our work consisted of making quilts, com- 
forters and doing other sewing. Officers: Mrs. H. H. Ritter, Presi- 
dent; Mrs. H. M. Young, Vice-President.— Marie Robert, Secretary- 
Treasurer, Mabel, Ore., Dec. 29. 

MIDDLE DISTRICT, OHIO.— Our Aid Society was organized July 
8, 1920, with Sister Ethel Coppock as President; Sister Bennett, Su- 
perintendent; Sister Erbaugh, Secretary; Sister Evans, Treasurer. 
During this time we held four all-day and fifteen half-day meetings, 
with an average attendance of twelve. We made 1 quilt, pieced 8 
comfort- tops, 5 comforts, 14 prayer-coverings, 23 sun-bonnets, 76 
aprons, 63 miscellaneous garments. We received for articles sold— 
quilt, comforts and garments, $86.86; for outside sewing, $5; dinner 
served, $9.15; regular free-will offerings, $69.25; total, $170.26. We 
•gave 13 garments, 1 comfort, Wyi yards of gingham to Greenville 
Home; $5 to China sufferers; $5 to China Hospital; $18.90 to two needy 
sisters; $5 as a gift to the minister's wife; $50 to the church toward 
a new furnace; donations and expenses, $157.50; balance, $16.83; ma- 
terials and ready-made garments on hand to the amount of $42.— On- 
na Coy, Tippecanoe City, Ohio, Dec. 8. 

OKONOGAN VALLEY, WASH.— Six months ago we started an Aid 
Society, with Sister Wm. Mohler as President. Although we have 
met only once a month, we feel that we have been spiritually ben- 
efited. We have had six all-day meetings, with an average attend- 
ance of twelve. We canned 149 quarts of fruits and vegetables for 
the Washington Children's Home. We made 6 comforters and sold 
them; also knotted 4 comforters for a sister. We made some prayer- 
veils and a number of other articles. We received $37.15; paid out 
for material, $16.32; for missions, $14.12.— Mr3. Hester Kingery, Secre- 
tary, Tonasket, Wash., Dec. 23. 

PYRMONT, IND.— During the year we held 23 half-day and 2 all- 
day meetings, with an average attendance of 10. Our work consisted 
of making quilts, comforts and prayer-veils. We also served five 
sale-dinners. We paid our quota of $20 to the District for the India 
and China Fund; to the Rosa Kaylor Memorial, $40; to the poor in 
Chicago for Thanksgiving dinner, $30; toward the new church car- 
pet, $75. We received $287.53 for work and collections; paid out for 
material and donations, $204.39; balance $83.14. Officers: Sister Bar- 
bara A. Ulrey, President; Sister Kate Wagoner, Assistant; Sister 
Eliza Flora, Secretary; Sister Anna Stuart, Treasurer. — Una Wagon- 
er, Delphi, Ind., Dec. 26. 

TOPECO, VA.— During 1921 wc held 12 all-day meetings; number on 
roll, 12; average attendance, 8. We made one quilt, bonnets, prayer- 
veils, and a number of Other garments. Money received, dues and 
donations, $28.67; for 39 bonnets, $106.40; 41 prayer-veils, $15; Larkin 
goods, $61.04; for 2 sale dinners, etc., $29.69; on hand at beginning of 
year, $4.32; expenditures for materials, $101.75; Larkin goods, $58.97; 
famine sufferers, $5; Freemont churchhouse, $20; class-rooms, $15; 
Aid Society foreign fund, $10; to a sister in school, $5; to general 
secretary, $1; District Secretary, 25 cents; cleaner for church, 65 
cents; fruit and cash to needy, $6.10; garments donated, $15.47; cash 
on hand, $5.03; material on hand, $68.60. Officers: President, Sister 
Alice Harman; Secretary-Treasurer, the writer.— Ada Weddle, FIoyd„ 
Va., Dec. 29. 


Marriage notices should be accompanied by 50 cents 

Please note that the fifty cents required for the publication of a 
marriage notice may be applied to a three months* " Gospel Mes- 
senger subscription for the newly-married couple. Request should 
be made when the notice is sent, and full address given. 

Fry-Eakright. — By the undersigned, at the home of the bride's par- 
ents, Harvey Fry and Sister Beulah Eakright, of Wabash, Ind.— 
Roy S. Mishler, Wabash, Ind. 

Gehb- Redding.— By the undersigned, at his residence, Dec. 24, 1921, 
Mr. Robert C. Gehb, of Stewartstown, Pa., and Sister Beulah R. 
Redding, of Railroad, Pa.— J. H. Keller, Shrewsbury, Pa. 

Gough-Beckman.— By the undersigned, at the home of the groom's 
father, C. A. Gough, Dec. 28, 1921, Herman D. Gough and Miss Verena 
Beckman, both of Galesburg, Kans.— Elias M. Reed, Galesburg, Kans. 

Reay-Nininger. — By the undersigned, at his residence, Nov. 23, 1921, 
Mr. Charles R. Reay and Sister Isadore Nininger, both of Kansas 
City, Mo.— J. A. Wyatt, 6238 Hughe Street, Kansas City, Mo. 


"Blessed are the dead which die In the Lord" 

Beeghley, Bro. E. R., born in West Virginia, near Brandonville, 
died in Connellsville, Pa., Dec. 21, 1921, aged 47 years, and 16 days. 
Services at the home and at the Salem church by Eld. J. Thomas, as- 
sisted by the writer.-rlrwin R. Pletcher, Connellsville, Pa. 

Brown, Joseph, died Dec. 27, 1921, aged 81 years, 6 months and 10 
days. He was a consistent member of the Church of the Brethren 
for a number of years, and Jived in the bounds of the Meyersdale 
congregation— in the part now known as the Greenville congrega- 
tion. He leaves an aged widow, three sons and one daughter, a num- 
ber of grandchildren and several great-grandchildren. Services by 
the writer, in the Reformed church in Greenville Township. In- 
terment in the cemetery adjoining the church.— D. K. Clapper, 
Meyersdale, Pa. 

Culler, Jacob Oswalt, son of David J. and Catharine Bowser Culler, 
born near Louisville, Stark Co., Ohio, died Dec. 19, 1921, at his home 
in Goshen, aged 67 years, 11 mouths and 10 days. In April, 1877, he 
came to Elkhart County, Ind. Oct. 18. 1877, he married Rebecca Mc- 
loy, near Milford. They resided in Kosciusko County until 1885, when 
they moved near New Paris, where they lived until they came to 
West Goshen about seven years ago. He was baptized March 4, 
1877. For more than 27 years he served faithfully in the office of 
deacon. He was preceded in death by an infant son and is survived 
by his wife, Rebecca Culler, four daughters, four grandchildren, two 
brothers, his stepmother, six half-brothers, and four half-sisters. 
His mother died when he was only one year old, and his father pre- 
ceded him twenty-five years. The interests of the church were his 
interests. The Word of God was hia daily meditation. His counsel 
was wise and helpful. Services by Leandcr Kurtz and the writer. 
Text, 2 Tim. 4: 7, 8.— Hiram Forney, Goshen, Ind. 

Dierdorff, Daniel K., died at his home in Big Mount, Pa., Dec. 6, 
1921, of a complication of diseases, aged 83 years, 3 months and 4 days. 
He is survived by his wife and twelve children. Services at the 
house by Elders C. L. Baker and Chas. Altland. Burial in Green 
Mount cemetery.— Ruth Group, East Berlin, Pa. 

DolL Floyd V., died Dec. 19, 1921, at the Homeopathic HoBpital, 
Reading, Pa., after an operation for tuberculosis of the bone. He 
bore his suffering patiently. His age was 7 years, 4 months and 
25 days. He "was a member of the Sunday-school of the Church of 
the Brethren. He leaves father and mother, four sisters and two 
brothers. Services at the home of his parents, No. 227 S. Sixth 
Street, Reading, Pa., by the writer. Burial in the Charles Evans 
cemetery.— Adam M, Hollinger, 458 W. Oley Street, Reading, Pa, 

Eby, Hazel Leota, daughter of Sister Emma (Gabel) Eby, born in 
Mt. Morris, 111., April 12, 1897, died in the hospital at Maquoketa, 
Iowa, Dec. 21, 1921. She was baptized and received into the Church 
of the Brethren in 1916 and lived a faithful Christian life. She is 
survived by her mother, one sister and one brother. Services at the 
EmoHne church by the undersigned. Burial in the Hickory Grove 
cemetery.— John Zuck, Clarence, Iowa. 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 14, 1922 

Firestone, Addie M„ daughter of Jas. Moody, born Feb. 8, 1863, in 
York County, Pa., died Dec. 6, 1921, at her home in the Lower Cone- 
wago congregation, of which she was a member. In 1883 she married 
Jacob Firestone. There were two children, who survive with her hus- 
band, grandchildren, a brother and two sisters. She united with 
the Church of the Brethren in 1911. For the church of her choice 
she earnestly and faithfully labored to the best of her ability. Serv- 
ices at the house by Elders O. W. Cook and David Kilhefner. In- 
terment at the Dillsburg cemetery. — R. O. Cook, Dillsburg, Pa, 

Gardner, Sister Elizabeth A., died at her home in York Springs, 
Pa., Dec. 9, 1921, aged 77 years, 5 months and 3 days. Three chil- 
dren survive. Services at the Latimore church by Eld. \V. G. Group. 
Interment in the Latimore cemetery. — Ruth Group, East Berlin, Pa. 
Keppler, Lovcnia Catherine, daughter of Bro. Wm. and Sister 
Queen Keppler, died at her home, Johnstown, Pa., Dec. IS, 1921, aged 
7 years, 6 months and 29 days. She had been sick less than a week 
with tonsilitis. Services at the home by the writer. Interment in 
Grandview cemetery. — D. P. Hoover, Johnstown, Pa. 

Laughlin, Mary E. Swartz, born in Indiana, died Nov. 27, 1921, at 
her home, Des Moines, Iowa, aged 80 years, 6 months and 6 days. In 
3856 she married James Campbell. They had one daughter and three 
sons. Her husband died in 1868. In 1872 she married Hugh Laugh- 
lin. There were four sons. She was a member of the Church of the 
Brethren. She ts survived by three sons. Services by Bro. Morris 
Ei ken berry. —Naomi Shaw, Des Moines, Iowa. 

Martin, Sister Sallie (nee Keller), died at her home, near New Hol- 
land, Pa., of neuralgia of the heart, Dec. 3, 1921, aged 76 years, 2 
months and 14 days. Her first marriage was to Wm. Hcmog, who 
preceded her in 1899. In 1904 she married Bro. Isaac G. Martin, who 
died about thirteen years ago. She was a faithful member of the 
Church of the Brethren for thirty-three years, and was a regular 
attendant at services. One stepson, one brother and one sister 
survive. Services at the home by Bro. M. S. Stoner, and at the 
Ephrata church by Brethren I. W, Taylor and A. M. Martin. In- 
terment in Keller's cemetery, Springfield.— Florence L. Mohlcr, New 
Holland, Pa. 

Miller, Sister Mary, daughter of Nicholas B. and Elizabeth Cover 
Johnson, died in Uniontown, Pa., Dec. 16, 1921, aged 7$ years, 10 
months and 8 days. She united with the Church of the Brethren 
at the age of nineteen years and remained faithful until the end. 
She married Christian J. Miller in 1879. He preceded her fifteen 
rears ago. She was a very active church worker as long as she was 
able. She is survived by four brothers. Services from her late home, 
and at the Fairview church by Bro. J- A. Buffenmyer. Interment in 
the cemetery adjoining.— Mrs. J. A. Buffenmyer, Uniontown, Pa. 

Musser, Wm, S., born in Richland County, Ohio, died at his home 
in Bryan, Ohio, Dec. 24, 1921, aged 70 years, 1 month and 24 days. 
In 1880 he married Ada Garver. There were two sons and two 
daughters, one son having preceded him. When seventeen years 
old, he united with the Church of the Brethren, in which he lived a 
truly devoted life. Services at the home by the writer, assisted by 
Eld. Sellers. Interment in the Fountain Grove cemetery.— D. P. 
Koch, Montpelter, Ohio. 

Penticoff, Calvin, born in Stephenson County, 111., April 28, 18S6, 
died in Pearl City, 111., Dec. 6, 1921, aged sixty-five years, seven 
months and eight days. He married Sister Either Lahre in 1883. He 
leaves, beside a very large circle of relatives, ,his wife, two sons and 
one daughter. Services by the undersigned, assisted by Bro. I. L. 
Erbaugh in the M. E. church in Pearl City.— P. R. Keltner, Pearl 
City, 111. 

Puterbaugh, Elmer Doyle, son of C. E. and Nettie Puterbaugh, 
bom near Sidney, Ohio, died Dec. 16, 1921, aged 14 years and 6 months. 
He was almost instantly killed when the Ford touring car, in which 
he was riding, was overturned. He leaves father, one sister and 
two brothers. Services in the Church of the Brethren in Potsdam, 
by Eld. Newton Binkley, assisted by Rev. J. Hoover, of the River 
Brethren. Burial near by.—Mary Weisenbarger, Laura, Ohio. 

Sadler, Sister Emeline Wolf, born in Johnstown, Ohio, died Dec. 
20, 1921, aged 85 years, 1 month and 26 days. She married Wm. Sadler 
in 1856. There were four children, three of whom survive, with eleven 
grandchildren and five great-grandchildren. Her husband preceded 
her thirty-two years ago. She was a member of the Maple Grove 
church for many years. Services at the home of her daughtei 


nberg and H. H. Helman. 
, Bowerize, Ashland, Ohio. 

irial in the Nankin 

lied at the 
month and 
,ren at the 
le married 

. Our de- 
sisters and 

Brethren W. L 
cemetery. — Mrs 

Sandy, William Becm, born in Warren County, Iov 
McPherson County Hospital Dec. 18, 1921, aged S6 year 

4 days. Bro. Sandy united with the Church of the I 
age of seventeen, and continued faithful until deatt 
Miss Mary L. Gillet Feb. 25, 1885. To this union 
children— one daughter, who died in infancy, and a 
parted brother leaves his mother, his wife, his son, t 
one brother. Sermon by the writer. Text,' Prov. 3; 5, 6. Interment 
in the McPherson cemetery.— Ellis M. Studebaker, McPherson, Kans. 

Smith, Richard Henry, son of Mr. and Mrs. Howard Smith, 925 
Elizabeth Street, Lebanon, Pa., died Dec. 27, 1921, aged 4_months and 

5 days. Services by the writer. Text, Job 1: 21. Interment at Fair- 
land cemetery.— Nathan Martin, Lebanon, Pa. 

Thompson, Sister Mary Melvina, nee Graham, born in Montgomery 
County, Ind., died at her home near Seattle, Wash.. Dec. 19, 1921. 
aged 66 years, 1 month and 12 days. She married Bro. Francis _M. 
Thompson in 1878. There were eight children, six of whom survive. 
She was a patient sufferer for some time before her death. Services 
by the writer, assisted by Bro. C. H. Maust.— M. Alva Long, Seattle. 

Wanner, Mrs. Anna Elizabeth, died in the Reading hospital, Dec. 
16, 1921, aged 71 years, 11 months and 6 days. She had been in good 
health and attended church services on Sunday, Dec. 11. On her 
way home she fell, was removed to her home in Shellington, and 
from there to the hospital, where she died from heart failure. She 
leaves a husband and two daughters. She was a member of the 
Mennonite Brethren church, a faithful Christian and mother, and a 
regular worshiper with the Brethren in Reading, as she did not have 
a church of her own choice near. Services at the home by Rev. 
Noah Mack, her minister, assisted by the writer and Rev. Gutshall, 
of Reading, Pa.— Adam M. Hollinger, 458 W. Oley Street, Reading, 

Welbaum, Thersa Matilda, born near Union, Ohio, died Dec. 24, 
1921, at Dayton, Ohio, aged 73 years,, 9 months and 16 days. Fifty- 
two years ago she married Alonzo Welbaum, who survives with four 
sons. She was a member of the Baptist Church. Services at the 
Church of the Brethren by Elders Jos. Longanecker and S. A. Bless- 
ing. Burial near by.—Mary Weisenbarger, Laura, Ohio. 

Whitmer, Sister Susan Barbara, nee Magnett, born Aug. 15, 1884, 
died within the bounds of the Summit congregation, Dec. 15, 1921. 
Her husband, Bro. John Whitmer, preceded her nine years ago. She 
is survived by three sons, three daughters, twenty-six grandchil- 
dren and twenty-two great-grandchildren. Two sons and one daugh- 
ter preceded her several years ago. She joined the church in her 
youth and lived a faithful life. Services at the Pleasant Valley 
church by Eld. Peter Garber, assisted by Eld. John T. GHck. In- 
terment in the adjoining cemetery.— Mrs, M. C. Williams, Mt. Sidney, 

Wray, Jas. A., born in Casstown, Pa., died at the home of his son 
in Fort Scott, Kans., Dec. 23, 1921, aged 93 years, 11 months and 15 
days. He grew to manhood near the place of his birth and later 
went to Mt. Carroll, 111. In 1858 he married Eleanor Puterbaugh. In 
1868 they moved to Kansas and settled on a farm. There were seven 
sons and three daughters. His wife died six years ago. He leaves 
one brother, seven children, thirteen grandchildren and twelve great- 
grandchildren. He united with the Church of the Brethren in early 
life and remained faithful. He was among the oldest settlers of 
this community and the oldest member of, the congregation. Serv- 
ices at the Paint Creek church by the writer. Burial in the ceme- 
tery near the church.— J, A. Strohm, Uniontown, Kans. 


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THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 14, 1922 


Official Organ of the Church of the Brethren 
Published weekly by Brethren Publishing House, R. E. Arnold, Gen- 
eral Manager, 16 to 24 S. State St., Elgin, 111., at $2.00 per annum, in 
advance. (Canada subscriptions fifty cents extra.) 


AaaUUnt Editor 

Entered at the Postofflcc nt Elgin. 111., lis Socond-clnss Matter. 
Acceptance for mailing at special rate or postal provided for In 
Btctlon 1103, Act of October 3. 1017, authorized August 20. l»ia 

Notes From Our Correspondents 

(Continued from Page 29) 

The little folks, as well as the older ones, gave their parts well. 
The collection amounted to S18. which will be used for missionary 
purposes.-Mollic G. Myers, Dnrcvillc, Pa., Dec. 27. 

Eamt BerlfrL-Our congregation met in council at the East Ber- 
lin house Dec. 24. with Eld, C. L. Baker presiding. Three letters 
were received Elders J. H. Keller and Daniel Bowser ordained 
Bro. W. G. Group and S. M, Lehigh to the eldership. Various 
officers lor the church and Sunday-school were elected. Our Mis- 
sionary Committee is composed of five members, with Eld. S. S. 
Miller chairman. The Temperance and Purity Committee is com- 
posed ol three members, with Eld. W. G. Group, chairman. The Sun- 
dny-school superintendent is Bro. Andrew Bowser. The writer was 
elected corresponding secretary. Our love feast will be held at the 
Mummert house May 13 and 14. and at the Latimorc house Oct. 14 
and IS.-Rutb Group, East Berlin, Pa„ Dec. 31. 

Fredericksburg congregation met in council Dec. 10. with Eld. E. 
M. Wcngcr presiding. The following Sunday-school superintend- 
ents were elected: For Union house. Bro. S. G. Meyer; Fredericks- 
burg. Bro. Amos Heesland; Shanktown, Bro. Irvin Hcisey. The 
officers of the Sisters' Aid Society were also elected, with Sister 
Liizic Lentz. prcsidcnt.-Pcter G. Edris, Fredericksburg, Pa., Jan. I. 
Huntingdon.— Since our laat report, three have been received 
into the church by baptism. The officers for the church and Sun- 
day-school were elected Dec. 12. Eld. T. T. Myers was chosen to 
serve another year as elder in charge. Our Sunday-school observed 
a White Gift Christmas again this year. All were very much 
gratified at the fine response given this project; $1,000 was raised, 
most of which will be given direct for the Emergency Fund. We 
are glad to report that the pastor and his family were able to 
enjoy the Christmas joys with us. having been under quarantine 
for diphtheria for three weeks, during which time the pulpit was 
supplied by resident ministers. Eld. T. T. Myers preached one ser- 
mon especially as a message to the church, from the standpoint of 
the clder.-Mrs. J. H. Cassady. Huntingdon, Pa.. Dec. 31. 

Ligonier.— We had a fine Christmas program on Dec. 24.™The 
children all did their parts well. Bro. M. J. Brougber made the 
closing address. The Wilpcn mission had a program on Sunday 
afternoon. Both our schools treated the children, and Bro. John 
Caruso, of Brooklyn, sent a treat (or the Wilpen school. Our young 
ladies' class reorganized under the name of Helpers, with Sister 
Miriam- Wolford. president. We have granted ten letters since our 
last report, including those to Bro. J. W. Sanner and family. We 
miss them much, but the call came to work in other fields and 
he felt it his duty to go. Our preaching services are in charge 
of Bro. W. E. Wolford. with a message, occasionally, from Sister 
Ruth Beahm.— Opal W. Leonard. Ligonier, Pa„ Dec. 31. 

Marshcreek church met in council Jan. 2, in the Gettysburg house, 
with Eld. J. H. Brindle presiding. Our love feast will be held at the 
Marshcreek house May 21, beginning at 2 P. M. We had our 
Christmas exercises Dec. 18, Sunday evening, and the children did 
their part well.— Ida M. Lightner, Gettysburg, Pa.. Jan. 3. 

Moxham.— Nov. 20 a special service was held in commemoration of 
Fathers and Sons' Day. Fatlurs and sons attended in a body. Oil 
Tuesday evening following, a banquet was held in the church, with 
an attendance of over seventy. A splendid program was rendered 
by home talent, assisted by Bro. W. D. Keller and Roy G. Wertz, 
of the Walnut Grove congregation. On Christmas evening, the Sun- 
day-school gave a program. The music was well rendered by the 
chorus. The Wide- awake Bible Class presented, in a very im- 
pressive manner, the pageant, " World Christian." The Plus Ultra 
Bible Class very beautifully portrayed the pageant, "Service for the 
King." A White Gift offering of over $80 was taken in connection 
with the program to be used to furnish a room in the Old Folks' 
Home of Western Pennsylvania. We expect Bro. W. D. Keller to be 
with us in our evangelistic efforts in March. Two have been re- 
ceived by letter since our last report. Sister J. M. Hoffman has been 
elected correspondent for the year.— Mrs. Ruth C. Hoover, Johns- 
town. Pa., Jan. 2. 

Midway.— We listened to a very good sermon on Thanksgiving 
Day, preached by Bro. S. G. Meyer. He gave us a very real picture 
of the first Thanksgiving Day and the Pilgrim Fathers. An offering 
of $63.50 was taken for the Emergency Fund. Nov. 27 Bro. S. G. 
Bucher preached 3 helpful sermon ter us at the Cornwall house. 
Dec. 25 an offering of $33.33 was taken for the famine sufferers in 
Russia. We expect Bro. Wm. N. Zobler, of Lancaster, to conduct 
a series of meetings for us at the Midway house — the time not 
having been decided upon as yet.— Elizabeth B. Nolt, Lebanon, Pa.. 
Dec. 29. 

Shainokfn. — Our evangelistic meetings, conducted by the pastor, 
closed Nov. 25. with good interest and one accession to the church. 
Our council was held Nov. 28. with Eld. David Kilhefner presiding. 
Three were received by letter. Eld. S. H. Hcrtzlcr was also with 
us to assist in the election of a minister. Bro. Edw. Zieglcr was 
called and installtd the same evening. Nov. 27 we held our love 
feast, with Eld. S. H. Hertzlcr officiating. Bro. Albert Reedy has 
been elected Sunday-school suycrinteneiit for 1922. Brethren look- 
ing for farms at reasonable prices and the best of markets and 
fruit soil, should investigate this country — just on the edge of 
the hard coal fields of Pennsylvania.— Florence H. Ziegler, Sham- 
okin. Pa.. Dec. 29. 

Spring Creek.— Dec. IS the wife of Bro. Chester Ebersole was re- 
ceived into the church on former baptism. He having been formerly 
elected to the ministry, they were installed. One was received 
by letter. On Christmas evening a program was rendered by the 
children, with special music and an address by Bro. J. I. Baugher, 
of Elizabethtown. An offering of $223.62 was lifted for the Near 
East Relief. The church decided to pay the expense of our young 
ministering brethren— B. W. S. Ebersole and Chester Ebersole— to 
attend the Training School and Bjble Institute at Elizabethtown 
College.— Emmert Basehorc, Hershcy. Pa., Jan. 2. 

Union town.— Our monthly council was held Dec. 5. Officers for 
the coming year were elected: Sunday-school superintendents, Geo. 
Wright and Jas. Fearer; Christian Workers' president. Eva Wright; 
"Messenger" agent. J. A. Buffcnmyer; corresponding secretary, 
the writer; D. F. Lepley. superintendent of the Fairchance Sunday- 
school. Missionary and Temperance Committees were also elected. 
Dee. 18 the Sunday-school rendered an interesting Christmas 
program. Our pastor has handed in his resignation, to take effect 
April l.-Orpha Collier. Uniontown. Pa., Dec. 30. . 

Upper Conewago.— The Missionary Committee of Upper Cone- 
wago congregation, composed of Eld. S. S. Miller, Bro. D. B. Har- 
lacher, Bro. I. S. Miller. Bro. E. K. Leatherman and Geo. W. Hull, 
held a meeting at East Berlin Dec. 29. for the purpose of organiz- 
ing. The results were aa follows: S. S. Miller, president; Geo. 
W. Hull, secretary; I. S. Miller, treasurer.— Geo. W. Hull. East 
Berlin. Pa., Dec. 29. 
Viewmont church 
Horst presiding. T 

effected. Bro. Horst was reelected presiding eldc.. 
ly chose Bro. L. B. Harshberger as our pastor for another year 
This will be the third year he has served as pastor, and mud 



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council Dee. 30. with Eld. M. Clyde 
"ng year was 

good has resulted from his work. The report of the Ladies' Aid 
Society showed that they have been busy during the past year. 
We held Thanksgiving services, and an offering of $42 was lifted 
icr the Emergency Fund. We rendered a program on Christmas, 
which was both appropriate and entertaining. It was well attend- 
ed and much enjoyed. Jan. 8 Bro. John R. Snyder will begin a 
series of evangelistic meetings to continue at least two weeks. 
Melissa F. Croyle, Johnstown, Pa., Dec. 31. 

Knob Creek.— Our three weeks' series of meetings closed Dec. 
->5 Eight accepted Christ by baptism. We had good Gospel ser- 
mons delivered by our pastor, Bro. D. M. GHck. We arc prepar- 
ing to reorganize our Sunday-school and plan for greater work in 
the near future— Mrs. C. R- Simmons. Johnson City. Tenn., Dec. 29. 

Pleasant View.-Bro. Jackson, of North Carolina, conducted a 
•series of meetings, which resulted in three additions by baptism. 
The church was greatly built up. Bro. Jackson is a very earnest 
and efficient worker and we appreciated his labors here.— N. T. 
Larimer. Jonesboro. Tenn., Dec. 29. 


Booker.— The members of this church wish to express, through 
the " Gospel Messenger," their hearty thanks to the Fairview 
congregation, Manheim, Pa., for fifty "Kingdom Songs No. 1 ; 
and to the Pleasant Grove congregation. Cameron, Mo., for thirty 
song books sent us.— Elizabeth Hoover, Booker. Texas, Dec. 26. 

Antioch church took a Thanksgiving offering of $52.50 for the Gen- 
eral Mission Board. We held an election recently, which resulted in 
installing Bro. Noah M. Bowman into the ministry, and Brethren 
Jonas Flora and J. Wilsie Peters into the office of deacon. The 
writer has been appointed church correspondent for another year. 
Bro. B. T. Flora is our Sunday-school superintendent again.— Orpha 
Flora. Boone Mill, Va., Jan. 2. 

Basic City church met in council Dec. 17, with Bro. N. W. Coff- 
man presiding. Officers were elected for the year: Bro. Bud Cort- 
ncy, Sunday-school superintendent; Henry Hildebrand, "Messenger" 
agent. We had a prosperous Sunday-school last year. We paid $30 
to the Near East Relief.— Ruth Gordon, Waynesboro, Va., Jan. 2. 

Beaver Creek congregation met in council Dec. 24, with Eld. N. 
S. Mannon presiding. Officers for the coming year were elected: 
Sister Bailie Simmons, clerk; the writer, correspondent.— Bessie 
Mannon Reed, Floyd, Va., Jan. 3. 

Belmont congregation met in council at the Belmont house Dec. 
17, with Eld. I. N. Zigler presiding. A committee was appointed 
to work up an interest for a churchhouse at the Brooktown Mission. 
Old officers were reelected and the following new ones chosen; 
Bro. Roy H. Mason, Christian Workers' president and "Messen- 
ger" agent; Sister Alma Mason, church correspondent.— Mary R. 
Mason, Holladay, Va.. Dec. 26. 

Peters Creek Sunday-school met for reorganization and officers 
were elected, with Bro. G. B. Showalter, superintendent. The min- 
isters' meeting, held Dec. 26, proved to be very helpful and inter- 
esting. The subjects for discussion were: " How Can We Best 
Combat Spiritual Wickedness in High Places? " by J. S. Showalter; 
" Tithing Under the Old Law," by D. C. Naff; " What Is Gospel 
Giving and How Can We Best Make It Practical?" by Levi Garst.— 
Ida Showalter, Roanoke, Va., Jan. 3. 

Shiloh.— Bro. C. D. Hylton began a series of meetings at the 
Shitoh church, Johnsville congregation, Dec. 10 and continued until 
Dec. 21. One was added to the church by baptism and we feel 
that all were built up and strengthened by his helpful sermons. 
Bro. Hylton was with us twelve days. He preached fourteen ser- 
mons and made twenty-nine visits.— Lillie L. Grisso, Catawba, Va., 
Dec. 26. 

Stony Point Chapel.— Oct. 10-20 Eld. G. A. Maupin. of Free Union, 
Va., conducted an eleven-day meeting, preaching eleven Spirit-filled 
sermons to interested and attentive audiences. This meeting was 
much appreciated by the members, and the church was built up. 
Two little girls were baptized. Nov. 19 we held a love feast, when 
twenty-three communed, i Our Thanksgiving offering was $9.31. 
-Elsie Cushing, Charlottesville, Va., Dec. 27. 

Valley Bethel church met in council Dec. 17, with Eld. Chas. B. 
Gibbs presiding. With few exceptions the church officers were 
reelected for another year, with Brethren N. W. and R. E. Bussard, 
superintendents of the Sunday-school. Dec. 22 the sisters organized 
an Aid Society. An offering was raised at our Thanksgiving serv- 
ice, which will be divided between the District Mission Board and 
the Emergency Fund.— Mrs. Chas. B. Gibbs, Bolar, Va„ Dec. 28. 


East Wenatchee church began a scries of meetings Dec. 4, 
closing Dec. 20. Bro. B. J. Fike, of Outlook, Wash., preached the 
plain Gospel with power, which attracted large audiences. We 
enjoyed a half hour of song service each evening, also special 
music. Fourteen confessed Christ and were baptized; one was re- 
claimed. We had expected to close our meetings with the com- 
munion service. But because of the cold weather, the meeting 
closed Dec. 20, and the communion was postponed indefinitely. 
Dec. 10 the church met for the election of church officers, which 
resulted as follows: Bro. W. A. Dcardorff, elder; Bro. Peter Bru- 
baker. assistant elder; Bro. Chas. Huffman, clerk; Brethren Ly- 
man Metzger and Sam Schechter. trustees; Bro. Merle Travis. 
" Messenger " agent and correspondent. Our Sunday-school has 
been using the complete standard work since the beginning of 
October, and we feel that we are doing a good work.— Mrs. C. V. 
Stern, Wenatchee, Wash., Dec. 26. 

Seattle church held a love feast Dec. 3. Sunday evening follow- 
ing there was an election for deacons, which resulted in the choice 
oi Brethren O. J. Pederseti, Otis Gish and E. Click. Bro. Henry 
Sheets was elected to the ministry but was not installed. Bro. 
Eby, of Olympia, had charge of the installation service. Dec. 19 
we held our council, and the regular officers were chosen for the 
coming year, with Bro. T. T. Dull, superintendent; Bro. M. Alva 
Long, elder. We decided in favor of a musical instrument.— Cora 
R. Long, Seattle, Wash., Dec. 26. 

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Sunnyside church met in council Dec. 11, with Bro. S. H. Miller 
presiding. Bro. C. A. Wagner was reelected elder for another year; 
respondent. Bro. Fred Flora, of Nezperce, Idaho, came Dec. 11 to 
help us in a scries of meetings. Wc feel that the church hag re- 
ceived much strength from the many spiritual sermons he gave 
us. We had our program on Christmas Day during the Sunday- 
school hour. We used the gift service for the Primary Depart- 
ment. Their gifts will be sent to the Orphans' Home at Seattle, 
Wash. An offering was taken for the Near East Relief.— Mrs. M. 
E. Oswalt; Sunnyside, Wash., Dec. 27. 

Wenatchee City church met in council Dec. 28. Five letters were 
received and two were granted. Bro. Wm. Deardorff was re- 
elected elder for the coming year, and Bro. John Crist, Sunday- 
school superintendent. The Sunday-school is prospering nicely 
and a great deal of practical work is done through the organized 
classes.-Mrs. C. R. Weimer, Wenatchee, Wash.. Jan. 1. 

Stanley church assembled in council Dec. 9, with the pastor in 
charge. The Christian Workers' Society was reorganized, also the 
Sunday-school. Bro. Ray Flora is president of the former, and 
superintendents of the latter are Mrs. Rarick and Bro. O. W. 
Henderson. Both auxiliaries of our church arc functioning in a way 
that is gratifying. Accepting an invitation of the pastor and wife, 
sixty parishioners and friends met at the parsonage and enjoyed 
a social evening Dec. 10. Our church was packed with interested 
people who were present at our Christmas program Dec. 25. We 
have forwarded $38.35 to our District Mission Board, to be used 
in the erection of the contemplated church at Rockford, 111. This 
amount was left for our disposal, being the offering of the Sunday- 
school at last September's District Meeting, which convened here 
at Stanley.— Ralph G. Rarick, Stanley, Wis., Dec. 31. 

The Gospel Messenger 

"THY KINGDOM COME "— Ma... 6= io ; ui» n = 2 


Elgin, III., January 21, 1922 

No. 3 

In This Number 

Building the Temple of God.— 2 33 

"Surgical Truth" 33 

Making Modern Publicans 33 

Harmless— Useless— Worthless 33 

Among the Churches, 7 40 

Around the World 41 

The Quiet Hour, 42 

The Forward Movement — 

Our Prayer 37 

1 The Past Year 37 

Disarmament and Peace, 37 

Forward Movement Notes, 37 

Contributors' Forum — 

How Did You Die (Poem)? ; 34 

Purity. By Ira W. Weidler 34 

The Minister as a Pastor.— Part Two. By D. P. Hoover, 34 

Where Is Jesus? What Is He Doing? By S. Z. Sharp, .35 

Mysteries Plus Mysteries. By D. C. Moomaw 3S 

A Conference on Negro Work. By M. R. Zigler 36 

The Round Table— 

The Desire and the Wings. By Archer Wallace, 38 

A Good Method of Electing Church Officers. By Galen 

B. Royer ....38 

Be Merciful. By Wealthy A. Burkholder 38 

Two Monuments. By Nora E. Berkebile 38 

Dreaming Day-dreams. By Mary Prentice Wilson 38 

Let Us Pray. By Geo. W. Eavey 3B 

Home and Family — 

Inasmuch (Poem). Selected by Mrs. Martha Miller, ...... .'.....39 

Back to the Farm.— Chapter 1. By Elizabeth Rosenberger 

Blough, 39 

Character Portrayals. By Edyth Hillery Hay 39 


Building the Temple of God 

2. A Parenthesis on -Other Figures 

What does it mean to build on Jesus Christ? 

That was the point to which our reflections last 
week led us, but before taking up the question, it 
may be useful to direct attention very briefly to the 
fact that the New Testament uses a great variety of 
figures to set forth the mission of the church and the 
meaning of Christian life and experience. It will be 
sufficient to refer to the most outstanding. 

One of Paul's favorites is that of the human body. 
In this case Christ is the Head and the rest of us — 
sometimes as individuals and sometimes as groups, 
according to official function — are represented by the 
eyes, nose, hands, feet, etc. We think especially of 
the twelfth chapter of First Corinthians, in which 
this conception is developed at some length. In some 
cases, as in Eph. 4: 16, the figures of a body and a 
building seem to be intermingled. 

In the Great Commission the church is conceived 
of as a school. Her business is to " make disciples," 
pupils, learners, and to teach them the whole curric- 
ulum. What an illuminating metaphor! At another 
time, when Jesus had occasion to remark that it was 
the sick and not the well who needed a physician, he 
suggested the analogy of* a great sanitarium in which 
the spiritually diseased may be treated and restored 
to soundness. 

Much Scripture teaching is filled with the imagery 
of the battle-field. " Like a mighty army moves the 
church of God." We individuals are soldiers, equipped 
with various kinds of offensive and defensive armor, 
but " the weapons of our warfare are not carnal." Less 
frequent and less violent, perhaps, are the analogies 
drawn from the gymnasium or athletic field, but the 
thought of the Christian life as a race, or as a pugil- 
■stic combat is familiar. 

We have not been much accustomed to thinking of 
the church as a farm, but that is the figure which Paul 
J n a certain verse in the third chapter of First Co- 
rinthians, sets right alongside the more common one 
°f a building. " Husbandry " is the word in the 
standard English versions. " Tilled land " is a more 
hteral translation. The implications of such a figure 

ought to be very suggestive to a people as well ac- 
quainted with farm life as most of our people are. 
And what memories of the old orchard are called up 
by the many passages on fruit-bearing ! 

By far the most common, of all these Scripture met- 
aphors, is that of a kingdom. This is perfectly natural 
since this form of civic organization was practically 
universal in Bible times. As to the identity of the 
King, the usage varies between God and Christ, but 
the main thought is the same always, the dominance 
of God or of the Spirit of Christ, which comes to the 
same thing, in the lives of men. What an interesting 
fact it is that multitudes of good Christians live so 
completely in the world of symbols and figurative 
concepts, that they hardly think at all of the great 
truth underlying the Kingdom-of-God idea, but ac- 
tually regard these Kingdom analogies, even includ- 
ing the military trappings, as the sober ultimate reality ! 
In a fit of impatience one is almost tempted, some- 
times, to question the wisdom of the All-Wise Creator 
in making such a scanty distribution of the precious 
gift of poetic imagination! 

But frequent as the Kingdom idea is on the pages 
of the New Testament there is already at work there 
a tendency to supplant it with another, or at least to 
place alongside of it another — that of the family. 
Here God is the Father, and we human folks are the 
children, with Christ as our Elder Brother. What a 
beautiful figure — perhaps the richest of them all — in 
its helpful implications ! But to enjoy it fully one must 
not get too inquisitive about the mother. Her place 
is usually assigned to the church herself, in which 
case the mother is the same as the children viewed 
collectively, or else is purely an abstract generaliza- 
tion. Is it not as well to take a hint from the proph- 
et's question in Isa. 49: 15, and regard the maternal 
functions also as fully answered to in God? And is it 
not still better just to take warning against losing 
ourselves in the enticing mazes of overdrawn analogies 
and forgetting the reality for which they stand? 

This " parenthesis " might easily be extended fur- 
ther, but it is not necessary. The church is like a build- 
ing, a body, a school, a sanitarium, an army, a gym- 
nasium, a farm, a kingdom, a family and many other 
things. It is like all of these, in some respects, but 
it is not like any of them in all respects. The one 
great reality which all these figures are designed to 
help our minds to grasp is this: God, through the 
church, is seeking to bring the creatures he has made 
into fellowship with himself and with one another. 
He wants them to live together in love. " Unto the 
building up of itself in love" is the final clause in 
that long sentence of Paul in Eph. 4: 11-16, in which 
he states the function, the ultimate purpose, of all 
church activities. 

We are building the temple of God, according to 
one of Paul's wajjs of telling it. And the foundation 
of that temple is Christ. But what spiritual reality 
lies back of that pretty phrase? What does it mean 
to build on Jesus Christ? 

"Surgical Truth" 

We came across the phrase the other day, and 
naturally our attention was arrested by it. Here was 
something new — a new kind of truth. 

But it wasn't, after all. The writer was not deal- 
ing with the improved appliances of modern physical 
surgery, nor had he discovered anything new in the 
realm of metaphysics. He was only repeating what 
some one, long before him, had found out. He was 

speaking of the truth that is " sharper than any two- 
edged sword," and which, with other fine qualities, 
is a " discerner of the thoughts and intents of the 

But that was nothing against the value of what he 
said. Do you know of any truth more useful than 
that which performs that very service? And do you 
know of anybody besides yourself who has no need 
of an operation of that kind? 

Making Modern Publicans 

A well-known teacher of religion says this age 
needs a revival of the sense of sin. Not only has the 
mourners' bench gone out. of fashion, he observes, 
but along with it the thing it stood for — conviction of 
sin and of the need of divine forgiveness. 

About right, isn't he? But what's the explanation? 
Or, more to the point, perhaps, the remedy? 

Here's one factor not to be ignored. You can not 
make a modern man feel guilty of something he hasn't 
done. That may have worked all right at one time, 
but not now. There are things in plenty, no doubt, 
which any modern man has done, knowledge of which 
should be quickened into a sense of guilt. But there 
is another method of approach. 

If sin is "missing the mark" — and it is — as well 
as " the transgression of the law," there is an open 
door to conviction. Show men and women the 
" Mark." Hold up Jesus Christ before them. Ex- 
pound to them his " way," not in its broad principles 
merely, but in its application to the concrete things 
in our modern life, and it will force recognition of 
the deep chasm between Christ and themselves. 

One good look into that chasm will make any honest 
man cry out with the publican, " God be merciful to 
me a sinner." 

Harmless — Useless — Worthless 

The priest and Levite had had no part in the assault 
upon the unfortunate man whom they found on the 
road to Jericho. They were not at all to blame for 
his condition. Nor had they ever done anything like 
that to anybody. The idea is unthinkable. Any direct 
act of injury or injustice to a fellow-mortal would, 
no doubt, have been far beneath them. 

More than this : They were not only honest and 
upright in all their dealings, as so many fine moral 
people are and stop there, but they performed their 
"religious" duties faithfully. Do you get that? They 
performed their "religious" duties faithfully. They 
were none of your Sunday-baseball, moving picture 
crowd. They went to church. And kept the com- 

And yet the Master held them up for condemnation. 

Isn't it amazing how Christians can look at that 
picture time and time again and yet not see their own 
condemnation painted there in crimson colors? 

The priest and the Levite had done nothing bad. 
They had only missed a chance to do some good. They 
had merely declined to be interested in a situation for 
which they were in no way responsible. They could 
have helped in a case of need, and they did not. That 

Much of present-day religion is of just that type. 
Its devotees are perfectly harmless. And perfectly 
useless. And their religion, therefore, perfectly worth- 
less. For any religion that does not find its chief ex- 
pression in serving a world in need — well, to call such 
a religion Christian would be a slander on the name of 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 21, 1922 


How Did You Die? 

Did you tackle the trouble that came your way 

With a resolute heart and cheerful? 
Or hide your face from the light of day 

With a craven soul and fearful? 
O a trouble is a ton, or a trouble is an ounce, 

Or a trouble is what you make it, 
And it isn't the fact that you're hurt that counts, 

But only, how did you take it? 
You arc beaten to earth? Well, well, what's that? 

Come up with a smiling face; 
It's nothing against you to fall down flat, 

But to lie there— that's disgrace. 
The harder you're thrown, why the higher you 
bounce ; 

Be proud of your blackened eye. 
It isn't the fact that you're licked that counts, 

It's how did you fight— and why? 
And though you be done to the death, what .then? 

If you battled the best you could, 
If you played your part in the world of men, 

Why, the Critic will call it good. 
Death comes with a crawl, or comes with a pounce, 

And whether he's slow or spry, 
It isn't the fact that you're dead that counts, 

But only— how did you die? 

— Edmund Vance Cook. 


" Be not a partaker of other men's sins, keep thyself 
pure" (1 Tim. 5: 22). 

"This may seem to you impossible, but Paul assures 
us with these words : " I can do all things through 
Christ who strengthened! me " (Philpp. 4 : 13). A great 
wave of vanity and pleasure-lust has overrun our fair 
land, resulting in a laxity of morals that is appalling. 
It was a similar tide of immorality which swept 
Persia, Greece and Rome, in turn, to their national 
disintegration and downfall. The seriousness of our 
own national peril can not be questioned. Therefore 
it behooves us, who are professing to follow Jesus 
Christ, to make good our profession and to show to 
all the world that Jesus alone can save us from our 
miserable, sinful lusts and pleasures. 

I well remember the day of my baptism, when, 
but a boy, I promised, in Jesus' name, to live pure and, 
holy until death. Vividly and with regret I also re- 
member a Sunday afternoon, a few weeks later. At 
our own home my father and mother were entertain- 
ing some brethren and sisters. After dinner we 
younger folks wandered about the farm, and I will 
never forget the shock I experienced when a young 
deacon was trying to entertain us by telling a- smutty 
story. The greatest temptation that comes to young 
men and women is that of telling questionable jokes 
and stories, yet the impure thoughts, the indecent 
visions, produced by such conversation are the cause 
of nearly all the evils under the sun. 

The great task of us, who have accepted Christ as 
our Savior, is to bring into complete subjection our 
carnal bodies, and gain the mastery over all unclean- 
ness and immorality. We should have in life but one 
purpose, powerful and immutable, that of overcom- 
ing all temptations through Jesus Christ, our Lord and 
Master. Jesus has promised to give us the victory 
over " the world, the flesh, and the devil," and he 
enables us, through the Holy Spirit, our Comforter, 
to have, at all times, a pure heart and a clean mind. 
Let me exhort all the boys and girls in our Brother- 
hood, constantly to keep in mind the vows they made 
when they received the sacred ordinance of baptism : 
" You renounced Satan and all the sinful pleasures of 
this life and promised Christ to remain faithful until 
death. You were upon this confession baptized, re- 
ceived by Jesus as children of God, and you received 
the gift of the Holy Spirit, who shall guide you and 
keep you even until the end." I- am fully persuaded 
that a great many young men and women fall from 
their first love and purity in Christ Jesus because they 
have failed to claim fully the promises of God and 
have neglected to keep in touch with our Master and 

Advocate by failing in their daily prayers and suppli- 
cations at the throne of grace. " Beloved, now are 
we the sons of God, and it doth not yet appear what 
we shall be: but we know that, when he shall appear, 
we shall be like him; for we shall see him as he is. 
And every man that hath this hope purifieth him- 
self, even as he is pure " (1 John 3: 2, 3). 

All boys and girls, all young men and women, are 
by nature sinful, " for the imagination of a man's 
heart is evil from his youth." It is utterly impossible 
to live pure in the sight of God unless we accept 
Jesus Christ .as our Savior. Even then we must claim 
all his promises and use every God-given means at 
our disposal. Otherwise we can not keep ourselves 
"unspotted from the world." "For if the blood of 
bulls and of goats, and the ashes of a heifer sprin- 
kling the unclean sanctifieth to the purifying of the 
flesh: how much more shall the blood of Christ, who 
through the eternal Spirit offered himself without 
spot to God, purge your conscience from dead works 
to serve the living God " (Heb. 9: 13, 14) ? 

It is true that if we have accepted Jesus Christ as 
our personal Savior, if we have been baptized and if 
we have received the Holy Spirit, we are saved; but 
why not strive for the mastery in all things, that we 
ma*y " receive a full reward " and " a crown of glory 
that fadeth not away" (2 John 8; 1 Peter 5:4)? 
" Doth a fountain send forth at the same place sweet 
water and bitter? Can the fig tree, my brethren, bear 
olive berries? either a vine, figs? so can no fountain 
both yield salt water and fresh. Who is a wise man 
and endued with knowledge among you? let him 
show out of a good conversation his works with meek- 
ness and wisdom" (James 3: 11-13). 

Once a leader in one of our Brethren churches 
said to his son: " If you are bound to sow wild oats, 
sow it while you are young." What wonder our 
young men are not morally clean when evil is winked 
at and condoned, even by leaders in the church! Paul 
writes to Timothy : " Let no man despise thy youth ; 
but be thou an example of the believers in word, in 
conversation, in love, in spirit, in faith, in purity " 
(1 Tim,. 4: 12). 

Why do so many of our young girls go wrong? 
Why do our young men fall down miserably when 
it comes to moral purity? Why is the divorce evil 
growing by leaps and bounds? I believe the fault 
lies largely in the home itself. The sacred principles 
of life are not revealed and taught to the children as 
they should be. They are not taught to regard the 
home and its social life as the-iighest expression of 
divine love among men. 

Another most pernicious and deadly influence is the 
modern screen — " the movies." The shows and the 
stage, in nearly every instance, make light of the mar- 
riage vow and expose to laughter and ridicule every 
relation of love among men and women. The stage 
and moving pictures have become a deadly and dam- 
nable menace to the morals of our youth and to the 
purity and sacredness of the home life of our nation. 
I exhort every boy and girl, every young man and 
woman in our beloved Brotherhood to flee from them 
as from Satan himself, for they are his work and crea- 
tion as now operated, and they are a most powerful 
agency for teaching irreverence and immorality to 
our boys and girls. Our church has done much, in 
the last two centuries, to raise the standard of moral- 
ity, to insure _the sanctity of the home, and to en- 
courage the simple life, but it can do vastly more. 
Its work has just begun. Let us»as a church, stand 
united against this modern evil! May every member 
of the Church of the Brethren oppose the modern 
screen and stage in no uncertain way ! May we 
never disgrace the Master by patronizing these un- 
holy devices of Satan. Instead, may we wisely teach 
and entertairLthe children in our own homes, keeping 
them pure and untainted from this sensational smut 
of society. 

May we, as one body, purify the church, so that 
Christ will be glad to call it his own! May we pa- 
tiently and sincerely teach our innocent boys and 
girls the sacred principles of life and sex. And may 
we establish, in every home, an altar, and there com- 

mune with God every day in the year! If we do' 
this, God will purify our homes, sanctify our lives, 
and order our ways in such a manner that w.e may 
give unto him our bodies a living sacrifice, holy, ac- 
ceptable unto God, which is, indeed, our reasonable 

Wilmington, N. C. 

The Minister as a Pastor 


In Three Parts— Part Two, The Characteristic* of Pas- 
toral Visitation 

There are a few characteristics of pastoral inter- 
course which we shall mention. It' should be natural, 
easy and genial. Sociability should characterize all 
the minister's actions, with regard to his people. The 
pastor is not a priest, and all assumption of such 
authority should be avoided. He needs to cultivate 
conversation. Silence is golden, at times, but in a 
pastor's visitation he needs to converse with his people. 
In his visitations among his people the pastor should 
be dignified as well as sociable. He should avoid con- 
versation that would lower his people's estimate of 
him as a minister. It is not wise to be too much 
among his people in a social way. Some one has 
shrewdly said that if familiarity does not breed con- 
tempt, it reduces reverence; and too much intimacy 
has often lowered the impression and influence of a 

No minister has a right to expect that every one 
in his parish will like him. He should learn to respect 
the personal choice of his people. Some may have 
a prejudice against him. Others may not be of a so- 
cial nature, and may, therefore, prefer not to see him. 
The latter may be among his truest friends and most 
appreciative hearers. Opportunity will open the way 
to their hearts sooner or later, but the entrance should 
not be forced. To win people requires tact. 

Pastoral visits should always be religious as to 
their aim. Ministers need not wear long faces and 
assume the holy tone, peculiar to the clergy of other 
days, but the impression and conversation should be 
such as to lift the individual to a higher spiritual 

Reading of the Word and prayer are not always 
obligatory, but they are generally welcome. The way 
in which the minister presents this, means much in the 
ready acceptance of it by his people. Many pleasant 
memories of pastoral visits, retained by parishioners, 
are those of the reading of the Word and of prayer. 
We believe emphatically that the minister will gain 
more, in the respect and trust of his people, by in- 
variably making this a rule, than by making this the 
exception. In every case, however, a pastoral visit 
should be a call by the pastor for religious purposes. 
Whenever a minister is present, men should know that 
a religious influence is about them, which gives their 
pleasures a keener joy and softens their grief by the 
yery touch and tone of Christian manhood. May the 
prayer of the old Puritan be ours : " O Lord, when we 
visit, hinder us from carrying sterilizing gossip, and 
help us to take a fructifying Gospel." 

Pastoral intercourse must also be independent. There 
is a right and wrong way, however, of showing inde- 
pendence. Shown rightly it enhances power — shown 
wrongly, it destroys it. 

A minister should take his own way of promoting 
pastoral visitation. He should be himself, and es- 
pecially be conscientious in pastoral work. If he ab- 
stains from calling much, at certain places, he should 
have a good reason for it. In nearly all churches, 
there are some upon whom it is wise to call but sel- 
dom, and perhaps some, upon whom it is not wise for 
the minister to call at all, unless accompanied by his 
wife, or a discreet deacon. 

A minister should be free from any fear of his 
people. " One is your master, even Christ." Not 
a few pastors have had their influence crippled, and 
some have been forced to resign, because they were 
afraid of their people, and their church found it out. 
A minister will have to treat diplomatically the grum- 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 21, 1922 


biers, the absorbers, the imaginary invalids, the morbid 
cases, and many others, who are sometimes regarded 
as snags in the otherwise smooth stream of a minister's 
existence. Remember that, though the snags may be 
blown out of the way with dynamite, the better 
course is simply to steer around them. As a rule, 
it is not the active and healthy members who complain 
of neglect, on the part of the minister, but those who 
are doing little and giving less. 
Johyistown, Pa. 

Where Is Jesus? What Is He Doing? 


We all like to know where our best friends are. 
" There is a friend that sticketh closer than a brother." 
That is Christ. Where is he? What is he doing? 

The last that his disciples saw of Jesus, while on 
earth, was when he led them to the Mount of Olives 
where " he was taken up and a cloud received him 
out of their sight," while they were " steadfastly look- 
ing into heaven," whither he went. Next he was seen 
of Stephen when he was about to be stoned to death. 
" Being'full of the Holy Spirit, he looked steadfastly 
into heaven and saw the glory of God, and Jesus 
standing on the right hand of God." Soon after this, 
Saul went from Jerusalem to Damascus, intending 
to bring the saints that he would find there, bound to 
Jerusalem. When near Damascus, " suddenly he saw 
a light from heaven above the brightness of the sun, 
and heard a voice saying, Saul, Saul, why persecutest 
thou me? and when he said, Who art thou, Lord? 
the Lord said, I am Jesus of Nazareth, whom thou 
persecutest." We now have three witnesses, testify- 
ing to the fact that the- dwelling place of Jesus is in 
heaven, and specifying that it is at the right hand of 

This place implies, first, the position of highest 
honor. This place he obtained by humbling himself. 
There is an inexorable law that provides that they 
who humble themselves shall be exalted, and that 
they who humble themselves the lowest, shall be ex- 
alted the highest. Christ first humbled himself when 
he left the shining courts of heaven, came down to 
earth, and assumed the form of sinful man, being 
born in a manger and reared in poverty. Then he 
humbled himself by assuming the form of a servant 
and washed his disciples' feet, to the great astonish- 
ment of Peter. He humbled himself still further when 
he assumed the sins of the whole world, and endured 
the agony in the Garden of Gethsemane, when the 
perspiration stood on his brow like drops of blood. 
Later on he suffered the ignominious death upon the 
cross and " was numbered with the transgressors." 
Therefore " God gave him to be head over all things " 
and also " highly exalted him and gave him a name 
which is above every other name, that at the name of 
Jesus every knee should bow of things in heaven and 
things on earth and things under the earth." John, 
the revelator, saw and heard the entire heavenly host 
bestow this honor upon Jesus when they cried: 

Worthy is the Lamb that hath been slain, to receive 
the power and riches and wisdom and might and honor 
and glory and blessing." 

Let us not overlook the fact that when Jesus 
humbled himself and suffered so greatly, he did it 
for you and for me, and purchased our salvation at 
such an awful price. Let us notice also that Jesus 
is seated at the right hand of God, that he might ex- 
ercise the power given to him. That he is now doing. 
When he had conquered death, hell and the grave, 
and had risen triumphantly from the tomb, he said ' 
to his disciples : " All power is given me both in 
heaven and on earth." To the high priest he said: 

Ye shall see the Son of man sitting at the right 
hand of power, and coming with the clouds of 

Having noticed that Jesus is now seated in heaven 
at the right hand of honor and power, as " King of 
kings and Lord of lords," we next notice the position 
he occupies as high priest. Turning to Heb. 8: 1, 2, 
we read : " We have such a high priest who sat down 
at the right hand of the throne of the majesty. -jn the 
' heavens, a minister of the sanctuary and of the true 

tabernacle which the Lord pitched and not men." 
Also in Heb. 5: 9-10: " Having been made perfect he 
became unto all them that obey him, the author of 
eternal salvation, named of God a high priest for ever 
after the order of Melchizedek." 

We have now learned that Jesus, in all his official 
attitudes, is at the right hand of God in heaven, but 
this does not prevent him from appearing elsewhere 
at the same time, and we shall now notice where 
else to find him. He says himself : " Where two or 
three are gathered together in my name, there am I 
in the midst of them." The skeptic may ask: " How 
can Jesus be in a thousand different places at the 
same time? " We answer: " With God all things are 
possible." It is as easy for him to be at different places 
at the same time as it was for him, on the night after 
his resurrection, when the doors were locked, to enter 
the room where his disciples sat. We must remember 
also that " God is a Spirit," and can he everywhere 
at the same time. He is the soul of the entire uni- 
verse, as the Psalmist says : " If I ascend into heaven, 
thou art there, if I make my bed in hell, thou, art 
there,, if I take the wings of the morning and fly to 
the uttermost parts of the sea, even there will thy 
right hand hold me." Jesus said: "I and the Father 
are one," and wherever the Father is, there the Son 
can be. 

The next question is : " What is Jesus doing ? " John . 
says: "My little children, I write unto you that ye 
sin not, but if any one sin, we have an Advocate with 
the Father, Jesus Christ, the righteous." It is the 
business of an advocate to plead the cause of some 
one before a judge. Jesus can be prevailed upon to 
plead our cause before the Judge of all the earth at 
the great judgment day, and his pleading will be most 
effective. In Heb. 7: 25, we read: "He is able to 
save to the uttermost them that draw nigh unto God 
through him, seeing he ever liveth to make intercession 
for them." " For by one offering he hath perfected 
for ever them that are sanctified." Also, in 1 Tim. 2: 
5 : " There is one Mediator between God and man, 
Christ Jesus the righteous, who gave himself a ransom 
for all." It is profoundly comforting to every one 
who has the assurance of having secured Jesus as his 

There is one more activity in which Jesus is en- 
gaged — it is that of ruling or governing. Isaiah 
prophesied that " of the increase of his government 
and peace there shall be no end." In 1 Cor. 15: 25, 
we read: " He must reign until he hath put all enemies 
under his feet. The last enemy that shall be abolished 
is death." " Thanks be to God who giveth us the 
victory through our Lord Jesus Christ." 

Fruita, Colo. «^_ 

Mysteries Plus Mysteries 


Mysteries are an inspiration to faith. If we under- 
stood everything, pertaining to God, to heaven and to 
hell, to the soul and to eternity, and to the past, as 
clearly as we understand natural phenomena, we 
would not be able to develop the faculty of faith to the 
measure which the Scriptures require. God has not 
revealed anything to us, concerning himself or his 
plans, or our spiritual natures, which is not essential 
"to our growth in grace and development, to the state 
of manhood and womanhood in Christ. When we 
pass the limitations of spiritual sight, we enter the 
domain which calls for the exercise and leadership 
of faith. 

We are sometimes asked to describe faith — its at- 
tributes, its extent. A little child once gave the most 
practical answer to that question, to wit : " It is taking 
Christ at his word." 

In one of Robert Ingersoll's tirades, he reproaches 
us for the alleged stupidity in our interpretations of 
that doctrine, as follows: " If we do not understand a 
thing, and yet believe it, we are almost saints, but 
if we know it is not true, and yet believe it, we are 
perfect saints." 

It is not said : " Whosoever understandeth shall be 
saved," but, " Whosoever believeth shall be saved." 
I admire the faith that a little child once demonstrated. 
She had a dispute with a chum about a certain matter 

and the colloquy reached a critical stage— each de- 
claring with emphasis that " it was just so," and that 
" it was not so." Finally one reached the summit of 
confidence in her contention, by saying : " I know it is 
so, for my mother said it is so, and when my mother 
says a thing is so, it is so, even if it is not so." 

Christ's disciples once reached the near tragic con- 
dition when they were reproved by the Master for the 
slowness of their faith in his divine mission. One of 
them, speaking for the group, said: "Lord, I believe; 
help thou mine unbelief." 

I am glad that the religion that has been given us, is 
so beclouded with mysteries. It increases our rever- 
ence and admiration for the Dear Father, who gave 
it to us. Take that element away and he would be 
as one of us and the inspiration to worship would be 

The patriarchs and prophets gave us examples which 
clarify the situation immeasurably. Enoch "walked 
with God and he pleased God," and therefore " God 
took him." That is, Enoch did not die as we die. 
•We know nothing of the details of his life. It is all 
a mystery. 

" Noah being warned of God of things not seen as 
yet, prepared an ark for the saving of his house." 
The mystery of the flood of water (for before that 
time it had never rained), did not hinder him from 
building the ark. He simply " took God at his word." 

When Joshua was commanded to march around the 
walls of Jericho with his devoted followers, who were 
to blow rams' horns, he did not stop to discuss the 
possibilities of such a procedure. He could have 
argued, as our twentieth century materialists do, that 
nothing but solid pounding would break down those 
walls. He simply marched, and as his men blew the 
horns and shouted, the walls fell. Of course, it was a 
mystery. Who could have explained it, in harmony 
with scientific principles? Science and philosophy 
and kindred agencies are eternally out of touch with 
God's administration of his Kingdom. A man said 
to me once that he " would not believe anything that 
could not be demonstrated mathematically." Try 
that process on the immaculate conception, on the 
resurrection, on the ascension, on the baptism of the 
Holy Ghost, on the ancestry of God, if you want to 
estimate the folly of such a procedure. 

The " mystery of the Kingdom " is unsearchable, 
incomprehensible. In its impenetrable presence, we 
are simply mule. It comprehends the relation of the 
three distinct, Chief • Personalities — distinct, yet co- 
ordinate — the Father, the Son, the Holy Ghost. Its 
agencies comprehend " an innumerable company of 
angels," ministering spirits, heralds. Its sphere of ac- 
tion embraces the limitless world, its period of exist- 
ence and operation, from the beginning to the close 
of eternity, or, rather, without beginning or ending. 

The " mystery of iniquity " is unfathomable. The 
" whys " and the " wherefores." and the " whereofs " 
and the " whoms " and the " whens " are each and 
all unanswerable. Let us indulge in a short survey of 
the situation, in a few pertinent questions: 

Why was and why is Satan? Who is he? Could 
not an Omnipotent God have destroyed him at the 
time of his beginning? If not, why not? Was it 
needful that he should afflict the peoples of this world 
for their salvation ? " Blessed are ye when ye are 
tempted if ye endure." Are there other worlds, 
with people like the peoples of this world, and have 
they the same or a similar Satan? If so, did God 
have a Redeemer ready to sacrifice his life for them, 
as our Loving Savior did for us? This is the limit 
of our research. 

The mystery of the resurrection is as inscrutable as 
any other mystery. St. Paul says, in 1 Cor. 15: 51, 
that " we shall not all sleep, but we shall all be 
changed, in a moment, in the twinkling of an eye, at 
the last trump: for the trumpet shall sound, and the 
dead shall be raised incorruptible," and " this mortal 
must put on immortality." Can finite sense catch the 
faintest glimpse of this mystery? Not the faintest. 
St. Paul stresses this when he says, in 1 Cor. 2:9: 
" Eye hath not seen, nor ear heard, neither have en- 
tered into the heart of man, the things which God hath 

(Continued on Pago 42) 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 21. 1922 

A Conference on Negro Work 


Two days previous to the opening of the Home 
Missions Council there was held, in the Presbyterian 
Building in New York City, a conference on Negro- 
Americans. The Conference consisted in the getting 
together of outstanding national Negro leaders and 
the leaders of Home Mission work of the white 
churches in America. This gave opportunity for a 
frank face-to-face discussion of our great inter-racial 

During the war this group of people, of about eleven 
million in population, contributed nearly five hundred 
thousand young men for the American army. When 
the war was over, there became apparent a rising tide 
of distrust, both on the part of the whites and the 
blacks. It was not only a southern problem, as we had 
heretofore thought, but it had transferred itself as 
a national problem. The great masses of Negroes 
that migrated north made an acute problem in the 

It will not be possible to go into details, concerning 
the Conference, or to mention many of the facts 
brought out through this friendly discussion. It is 
peculiar that the largest contribution that is being 
made towards a friendly understanding between the 
Negroes and the whites, is being developed in the 
Southland. It became apparent, to some of the re- 
ligious leaders of the South, that some way had to be 
thought out, in order to meet the rising tide of dis- 

A group of men, both white and black, were called 
together at the risk of their own prestige in the lines 
of work in which they are engaged. This Conference 
brought out many facts, heretofore unknown, concern- 
ing the mind of the Negro. It was found that if the 
problem is to be solved, it must be solved in a large 
way by the white women of the South. Therefore a 
group of women, both white and colored, was called 
together, similar to that of the men. At this Con- 
ference of women, the Negro women poured out their 
heart-longings to the white women of the South. This 
has been productive of the finest results. Now, 
through the Southland, there are being organized in- 
ter-racial groups by States and Counties. They are 
organizing down to the Counties where the leading 
men of both races get together to discuss their inter- 
racial problems. The outstanding leaders of this 
movement are Dr. W. W. Alexander and Mrs. Luke 
G. Johnson. Just now there are two more States 
ready for this sort of work, but funds are not avail- 
able to organize the work at this time. It is one of 
the most delicate problems to solve, and we are thank- 
ful that it is being solved. 

The Negroes in the Conference made it clear that 
they wanted, for their people, everything that the 
white people have that is good. They made it very 
definite that they did not want what we generally 
call social equality. They are coming to a national 
consciousness. They are becoming proud of their own 
race. They are beginning to know that they have 
some outstanding national leaders. They believe ab- 
solutely in the white men and women. They do not 
tend towards radicalism or socialism. The white 
and the Negro women clearly stated that their hope 
rested with the attitude of the white woman. 

May we be in prayer, as a church, that this great 
race problem shall be solved, so that our brothers of 
the colored race may find opportunity for the highest 
expression of their religious powers and all other fine 
qualities which they possess. 
Elgin, III. 


From Oar Correspondents 


— ' 

to a thirsty soul, so is good news from a far cot. 


GlcndaJe church met in council Dec. 30, with Eld, D. D. Thomas 
presiding. The organization for the coming year was effected, with 
Bro. D. D, Thomas, elder; Bro. Frank Kurtz, clerk; S. H. Sine. 
Sunday-school superintendent; Harold Kurtz, Christian Workers' 
president; the writer, correspondent and " Messenger " agent. 
Dec. 16 we closed a very interesting revival meeting, conductea by 
Eld. H. B. Mohler. Two made the good confession and were bap- 
tized. Dec. IS we held ou"r love feast.— Emma T. Whitcher, Glen- 
dale, Ariz., Jan. 2. 


FlgartJen.— Our regular quarterly council was well attended. We 
decided to hold a scries of meetings in the early spring, to be 
conducted by our pastor and elder, M. J. Mishler. We also de- 
cided to have a Vacation Bible School this summer. Our Aid 
Society sent two boxes of provisions to the Oakland Mission for a 
Thanksgiving dinner for the poor. The Thanksgiving offering for 
the Emergency Fund amounted to over $63. Our Sunday-school 
Christmas offering, of 512.61, we decided to send to the Emergency 
Fund. The work at Figarden is progressing very nicely. We now 
have an enrollment of ninety-one in the Sunday-school.— Mrs. F. E. 
Wcimcrt. Fresno, Calif., Dec. 31. 

Fresno.— A pleasing Christmas program was rendered by the 
Sunday-school at the morning service Dec. 25, after which Bro. 
A. P. Simpson preached an appropriate sermon. Brother and Sister 
Leland Brubakcr, representing La Verne College, rendered several 
fine musical numbers. Bro. Simpson delivered the timely message 
on N"W Year's Day to a good-sized audience.— Mrs. Elizabeth Whit- 
low, Fresno. Calif., Jan. 3. 

Lindsay.— Dec. 22 Dr. D. W. Kurtz, of McPhcrson, Kans., came 
to us in a Bible Institute, staying until Dec. 25, delivering in all 
nine masterful addresses on "The Doctrines" and "The Kingdom." 
There is much speculation concerning the Kingdom these days, 
and we feel that Dr. Kurtz's clear presentation of this important 
doctrine did much to clarify the minds of those who were privileged 
to hear him. Dec. 27 the La Verne College Deputation Team, com- 
posed of four members of the Volunteer Band, rendered a very 
fitting and instructive program on " Stewardship." On Christmas 
night our own Christian Workers' Societies rendered, to a crowded 
house, a very beautiful and touching cantata. During the last 
two years our church has added 105 new members, making our 
membership, at present, 238. Of the 105 added, 62 have been bap- 
tized. We have a fine body of young people, busy in the Master's 
work. Our field is large and the membership is awake to the 
opportunity here. Thus, as " workers together with God," we hope 
to accomplish much for our God, " whose we are and whom we 
serve."— M. S. Frantz, Lindsay, Calif., Jan. 8. 

Live Oak.— On Christmas evening our Sunday-school rendered a 
splendid program, which was well received. The house was full 
of interested listeners. Jan. 5 Eld. H. H. Ritter. of Mabel, Ore- 
gave us a very helpful and encouraging sermon. At our last 
business meeting the church decided to place the selection of all 
Sunday-school officers in the hands of a Sunday-school Board. We 
believe it is a step toward greater efficiency. Marked progress has 
been made in our Sunday-school during the past year. Since 
the organization of our Primary Department, the children have 
been given much more attention than ever before, and their in- 
creased interest shows that they appreciate it. Already a Com- 
mittee is furthering plans for a Daily Vacation Bible School for 
the coming summer. Our experience last summer, which was our 
f^rst attempt at this kind of work, has convinced us of the great 
opportunity and possibilities of a Vacation Bible School.— Rose 
Landis, Live Oak. Calif., Jan. 5. 


Antioch church met in council Dec. 31, with Bro. Hylton pre- 
siding. It was decided to do some much needed work in the base- 
ment. Fsb. 1 was set as a date to have money and materials ready 
for beginning the work. — Marie Yeaston, Yodcr, Colo., Jan. 2. 

First Grand Valley- church met in council Dec. 30. Officers for the 
coming year were elected: H. C. Wenger, elder in charge; J. D. 
Coffman, assistant; Bro. Chas. Henry, church clerk; H. C. Wenger, 
superintendent; Bro. J. D. Coffman, president of the Christian Work- 
ers' Society. A committee was chosen to arrange for a Vacation 
Bible School this coming season.— Mrs. Roy H. Mohler, Grand 
Junction, Colo., Jan. 1. 

Rocky Ford church reorganized for the coming year, with Bro. 
Roy Miller, elder in charge. The Sunday-school retains Bro. H. D. 
Wine as general superintendent. An efficient corps of workers is 
in charge of the adult, junior and primary departments. A well- 
rendered Sunday-school program was enjoyed by a large audience 
on Christmas night. Everyone had an opportunity to give in some 
substantial way to the needy of the community, and there was a 
hearty response. An offering was also taken for the General 
Mission Board, and Near East Relief Fund. During the following 
week, our pastor, Bro. D. O. Cottrcll, led us each night in a study 
of the general outline and survey of the New Testament. We are 
now anticipating a revival, to be conducted by Bro. Richards, of 
Wiley, Colo., sometime in April.— Grice B. Petry, Rocky Ford, Colo., 
Jan. 10. 


Bethany. — The first Sunday in December we took an offering of 
$46.23 for the Emergency Fund. Although our members here are 
very widely scattered, we maintain an evergreen Sunday-school, 
with an average attendance of thirty. We closed the year with 
$34.02 in the Sunday-school treasury. We gave $20 toward the 
support of the missionary that the Eastern District of Maryland 
decided to keep on the field. We also gave liberal support to 
the Forward Movement. Our membership here numbers about 
sixty, some of them living more than twenty miles from the place 
of worship. Only one family lives nearer than three miles. During 
the year two letters were granted. Four applicants were baptized. 
—Clara Selders, Farmington, Del., Jan. 9. 


Bowmont church met in council Dec, 30, with a good attendance. 
Church and and Sunday-school officers were elected, with Bro. J. H. 
Graybill, elder; Bro. Wm. Riddlcbarger, church clerk; Bro. L. A. 
Redmond, Sunday-school superintendent. A ministerial committee 
was chosen to work in conjunction with the Mission Board, to 
study spiritual and educational needs of the church. We expect 
EltJ. W. E. Trostle, of Pasadena, Calif., to be with us in a Bible 
Institute in the near future. Wc appreciated having Sister Marie 
Olson, of Nampa, Idaho, with us in a singing school during the 
mohth of November. — Chloe Gross, Nampa, Idaho, Jan. 6. 

Clearwater.— We met in council Dec. 31, with Eld. A. J. Detrick 
in charge. Bro. John J^ind was reelected Sunday-school superintend- 
ent; Sister Bertha Garrison, president of the Christian Workers' 
Meeting and "Messenger" agent; the writer, clerk and correspond- 
ent. Since our last report two have been added to the church by 
baptism. On account of sickness and Other causes we did. not hold 
our love feast on Thanksgiving Day, and at our council it was 
decided to postpone it until warmer weather. On New Year's Day, 
after an excellent discourse by Bro. Paul Lind, an offering of 
$53.66 was taken for Near East Relief.— Mollie Harlacher, Lenore, 
Idaho, Jan. 3. 


Batavia church met in council Jan. I, with Eld. Ezra Flory pre- 
siding. The reports given, of all the different church activities, 
were very [avorablc. The church voted to have Bro. Blocher hold 
meetings for us at the close of the school year, providing the com- 
mittee can secure him. Our Junior Christian Workers' Society 
is growing and the children respond well to the work. They have 
something special every Sunday evening, of interest to them in 
their daily lives. We are planning to organize a singing-class under 
the leadership of Sister Mildred Zollera.— Mrs. Edith Stuttle, 
Batavia, III., Jan. 13. 

Champaign church met in council Dec. 16, with Eld. W. T. Heck- 
man presiding. Officers were elecud as follows: Elder, Bro. W. 
T. Heckman; Christian Workers' president, Bro. P. H. Christner; 
"Messenger" agent, Sister Martha Knott; church correspondent, 
Sister Ethel Fabert. The Pastoral Committee was changed to a 
Ministerial Committee. A Vacation Bible School was talked over at 
this meeting, and it was decided that we make plans to hold one, 
providing we can get the necessary funds to carry on the work. 
—Mrs. Mabel Lewis, Champaign, 111., Jan. 6. 

Liberty.— Our quarterly council was held Jan. 7, with Eld. I. D. 
Heckman presiding. He was again chosen elder. This was, in- 
deed, a very interesting and profitable meeting, finding the church 

in good fellowship. The work is moving along nicely and we 
look forward with anticipation to a greater church and Sunday, 
school the coming year. Bro. Heckman delivered three excellent 
sermons. His work with us is greatly appreciated. At present 
we have no pastor, but are trying to secure one. We are contem- 
plating a series of revival meetings in the near future. — Florence 
M. Clary, Liberty, HI., Jan. 9. 

Mt. Carroll church met in council Jan. 7, with Bro. Jas. M. Moore, 
presiding. Two letters were received. Sunday-school and church 
officers were elected for the coming year: Bro. James M. Moore, 
elder; Bro. Robt. Johnson, Sunday-school superintendent; Brethren 
Ezra Lutz, Wm. Bratton and Bert Kimmel, Ministerial Board; 
Sister Ezra Lutz, "Messenger" agent and church correspondent. 
—Anna Fierheller, Mt. Carroll, 111., Jan. 7. 

Sterling. — The Sunday-school gave a very good program on Christ- 
mas evening. A collection of $140 was taken for our home work. 
Bro. Elgin Moyer, of Bethany, gave us a Christmas sermon in the 
morning, which was much appreciated. Dec. 29 one young man 
was baptized. During the Near East drive our church went over 
the top in subscriptions, pledging the support of seven orphans, 
when our allowance was one. There was not a church in the city 
that did nearly as well.— Lillie A. Frantz, Sterling, 111., Jan, 2. 


Arcadia. — We met in council Dec. 31. Officers for the ensuing year 
were elected as follows: Elder E. O. Norris; clerk, Jas. Smeltzer; 
correspondent, the writer; Ministerial Committee, Walter Mos- 
baugh, Clarence Mosbaugh and Sarah Kinder. Bro. D. W. Bow- 
man and wife, of Anderson, Ind., were present at our council. — Sarah 
Kinder. Arcadia, Ind.. Jan. 8. 

rllue River congregation met in council Dec. 31, with Eld. Jesse 
Gump presiding. Bro. David Metzlcr was present, also Bro. 
Clarence Bower, formerly of this place, now of Denton, Ga, Officers 
were elected for the ensuing year, with Bro. David Mctzler, elder; 
Bro. Chas. Bunyan, Sunday-school superintendent; Bro. Denver 
Ott, Christian Workers' president; Bro. Omar Zumbrun, church 
clerk; Sister Grace Swihart, "Messenger" agent; the writer, cor- 
respondent. Temperance and Missionary Committees were ap- 
pointed. The church is looking forward to securing a pastor to have 
charge of the work here— Etta Bitting, Albion, Ind., Jan. 10. 

First South Bend.— Jan. 1 will be a day long remembered by this 
congregation. Our elder, Bro. Frank Kreider, was with us in the 
morning service and had charge of the installation of officers and 
teachers for the coming year. At 2: 30 the corner-stone service 
of the new church was held. In spite of a snowstorm the house 
was filled. Bro. Edw. Frantz gave a most inspiring message. The 
major part of the service was held indoors. Jan. 2 the congrega- 
tion met in business session. Bro. Kreider was reelected elder 
in charge for another year. Jan. 15 Bro. David Mctzler expects 
to be with us in a two weeks' series of meetings.— lone Shively 
Purkey, South Bend, Ind., Jan. 9. 

Hartford City.— The officials of this church met Jan. 3 in a cab- 
inet meeting, in which the work of the coming year was discussed. 
Each committee received instructions and planned its work for 
the coming year.— Helene C. Leonard. Hartford City, Ind., Jan. 4. 

Huntington City church has been richly blessed during the past 
year, both in spiritual and temporal things. Three have been added 
to the church since our last report, making a total of thirty -tour 
for the year. Our hearts were made happy at our morning serv- 
ice, on Rally Day, to see a sister return to us after being out of the 
church for more than twenty-five years. Nearly $1,200 has been 
raised by the Sunday-school during 1921. The average attendance 
was 186, an increase of thirty-three per cent over 1920. A new twin 
furnace has recently been installed. Wc now have the three divi- 
sions of the Christian Workers' Society, Adult, Young People and 
Junior. A Christmas program was rendered Dec. 25. Each one 
presented his individual gift for the Emergency Fund, amounting 
to $125 in money and $50 in pledges.— Mrs. Ermal Humbert, Hunting- 
ton, Ind., Jan. 4. 

Mississinewa. — Our church is in the first week of what promises 
to be a very successful revival meeting, conducted by Bro. Dear- 
dorff, of Ohio. His sermons are very practical and intaresting. 
The attendance and interest have been very good. One has al- 
ready been baptized.— Mary E. Studcbakcr, Eaton, Ind., Jan. 5. 

Nappance.— Bro. Wm. Buckley, of Dayton, Ohio, closed a three 
weeks' series of meetings Nov. 27, preaching twenty-seven strong, 
spiritual sermons, including the Thanksgiving sermon. Three 
were received into the church by baptism and one was reclaimed. 
Our regular council was held Dec. IS, with Eld. David Mctzler in 
charge. Officers for the ensuing year were elected: Bro. Ralph 
Miller, Sunday-school superintendent; Ada Strauss, president of 
Christian Workers; Bro. David Metzler, elder. One letter of mem- 
bership was received. It was decided to have the Glee Club from 
Manchester College give us several programs some time in Febru- 
ary. Dec. 18 our Christmas program was rendered to a large aud- 
ience. Wc observed the White Gift service. A number of gifts 
were presented and were distributed during the following week. 
At present Bro. W. R. Miller is giving a series of lectures on his 
travels in Bible lands.— Ada Strauss, Nappanee, Ind., Jan. 8. 

Pine Creek church enjoyed a splendid Bible Institute during 
holiday week, with Bro. R. H. Nicodemus, of North Manchester, 
Ind., instructor. He preached for us on Sunday, and on Monday 
morning our Institute began with two periods in the forenoon, taking 
up the Sermon on the Mount. In the evening there was one 
period on the Psalms, and one lecture each evening on " Conse- 
cration," "Prayer" and "The Angels." The weather was fine and 
the interest and attendance were good, with a general average of 
seventy-eight adults at each session. Sister Anna Miller, of Chi- 
cago, had charge of the sessions for little folks. Their general 
average attendance was. thirty. The members wish to express 
their appreciation to Bro. Nicodemus and" Sister Miller for their 
splendid work.— M. S. Morris, North Liberty, Ind., Jan. 9. 

Portland church closed a two weeks' revival meeting Dec. 20, 
conducted by Bro. Ira F. Long, of Andrews, Ind. One awaits bap- 
tism. Dec. 14 we held a special council. Bro. J. W. Norris began 
his duties as elder for the coming year. Our Sunday-school is 
progressing nicely, with Sister Lula Tinkle as superintendent.— 
Susie LaFollette, Portland, Ind., Jan. 9. 

Rossville church met in council Dec. 31, with Eld. W. L. Hatcher 
in charge. Bro. C. C. Hylton and wife were ordained to the elder- 
ship. Elders John Root and D. L. Barnhart assisted in this service. 
Church, Sunday-school and Christian Workers' officers for the new 
year arc: Elder, Bro. C. C. Hylton; church clerk, Bro. John Skiles; 
correspondent, the writer; Sunday-school superintendent, Bro. 
Denis Hufford; Christian Workers' President. Bro. C. C. Hylton. 
Two letters have been granted since the last report. Bro. Hatcher 
stayed with us over Sunday, preaching both morning and evening. 
On Thanksgiving morning we had services, with a sermon by out 
pastor, after which an offering was lifted for the Emergency Fund, 
A program was given on Christmas evening.— Clara Metzger, Ross- 
ville, Ind.. Jan. 10. 

Salamonie church met in council Dec. 3, with Eld. D. W. Paul pre- 
siding. Several letters were granted. Officers for the coming year 
were chosen: Secretary, Hampton Zook; president of Christian 
Workers, Wilbur Hcaston; Sunday-school superintendent, Hampton 
Zook; "Messenger" agent, Amy Heaston. Eld, H. L. Hartsough 
has started on his second year of pastoral work. All services show 
a large increase in numbers. A Christmas program was given on 
Sunday evening. The church has decided to use the envelope sys- 
tem for the weekly offerings.— Hampton Zook, Huntington, Ind., 
Jan. 3. 

Wawaka church met in council Dec. 29, with Eld. Milo Geyer pre- 
siding. The following officers were elected: J. B. Swank, clerk; 
John Eborly, " Messenger " agent; the writer, correspondent; 
Harry D. Frick, Sunday-school superintendent. We believe that we 
have started the new year with a broader vision and a greater in- 
terest, due, partly to the three excellent addresses given to us 
by Bro, P. B. Fitzwater, who was with us on New Year's Day. ( 
Our Sunday-school gave a program on Christmas Eve. On New 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 21, 1922 


Year's Eve a joint watch-meeting, in which our community churches 
participated, was held at our church, and enjoyed by a goodly 
number. After an inspiring sermon by Bro. Fitzwater, the re- 
mainder of the time, until midnight, was taken up with songs, 
prayers and helpful talks. Our greatest need, at this time, is a 
nastor We are trusting, however", that it may not be long until 
Jhis place will be filled.— Blanche Blosser Frick, Wawaka, Ind., 
Jan. 6. 

Yellow Creek church met in council Nov. 26. with Eld. H. W. 
Schwalm presiding. Eld. David Anglcmyer also was with us. 
Three letters were read. Church and Sunday-school officers were 
selected for the coming year— nearly all the old officers being re- 
elected. Bro. Solomon Moyer was chosen Sunday-school superin- 
tendent. Bro. D. R. McFaddcn came to us Dec. 18, to assist in a 
scries of meetings. He remained until Jan. 5. The church was 
much encouraged and all e» joyed his Gospel sermons, which were 
delivered with his characteristic earnestness. The interest was 
cood throughout the meetings. Five were baptized and two re- 
claimed.— Irv in Miller, Goshen, Ind., Jan. 6. 


Coon River. — On account of a death, our business meeting was 
postponed indefinitely, but as no new cases of diphtheria developed, 
we met at the country church Dec. 28. Bro. Fiscel was chosen elder 
in charge for 1922, and various committees were appointed. Pro- 
vision was made for two series of meetings during 1922. Bro. 
Wesley Barens is our Sunday-school superintendent; Sister Bertha 
Erb, president of the Christian Workers. The church correspond- 
ents were reelected for Bagley, Yale and Panora.— Mrs. Zona B. 
Olt, Panora, Iowa, Jan. 10. 

Dallas Center.— The officers of our Sunday-school for 1922 were 
clcted at our December council, and they, with the Sunday-school 
cabinet, had the teachers chosen and classes reorganized ready to 
begin on Jan. 1. Our superintendent, Bro. Walter M. Royer, em- 
phasized the thought of every member getting a vision for greater 
things to be done during 1922. Bro. Roy Dilling was with us dur- 
ing the holidays and conducted a Music Institute, which was en- 
joyed by all who attended. Much inspiration to worship in song 
was received. Jan. 1 Bro. J. J. Yoder, of McPherson, Kans., gave 
us two very interesting addresses, which were much appreciated. 
—Maude Alice Myers. Dallas Center, Iowa, Jan. 7. 

Franklin (Decatur County).— A series of meetings was held at this 
cnurch, beginning Nov, 20 and continuing two weeks, with Bro, 
A. I-. Sears, our home minister, evangelist. He preached inspiring 
sermons each evening. We had good interest and- good attendance, 

in spite of some rainy nights. Bro. F. A. Garber had charge of the 
song services. We feel that the membership has been built up and 
that much good has been accomplished. Our love feast was held 
Nov. 19, with Bro. Sears officiating. A splendid program was ren- 
dered by our Sunday-school on Christmas night, and a treat was giv- 
en the children.— Mrs. Mattic E. Johnston, Leon, Iowa, Jan. 3. 

Indian Creek church met in business session Dec. 17, with Eld. 
I. W. Brubaker in charge. Officers for the coming year were 
chosen: Bro. E. D. Fiscel, elder; P. H. Enfield, clerk. Jan. 1 we 
elected our Sunday-school officers, with Bro. Sanford Goodin, su- 
perintendent; the undersigned, "Mersenger" agent and correspond- 
ent.— Mrs. Bessie M. Enfield, Maxwell. Iowa. Jan. 9. 

Muscatine church met in council Dec 31. with Eld. I. W. Bru- 
baker in charge. The following officers were elected: Trustee, 
Elbert McGreer; "Messenger" agent, and correspondent, the writer; 
Ministerial Committee, Brethren Elbert McGreer, A. M. Stutsman 
and Edwin Smith; Sunday-school superintendent, Elbert McGreer; 
Christian Workers* presidents. Sisters Irene Smith and Clara Pacely. 
Bro. Brubaker gave us inspiring messages on New Year's morn- 
ing and evening.— Wm. H. Eilcr, Muscatine, Iowa, Jan. S. 


East Salem church held a very spiritual business meeting Dec. 10, 
at which time the program for the year was outlined and the officers 
elected. Our pastor, Bro. W. A. Kinzie, was retained for another 
year. At the close of the services on Sunday night, Dec. 18. one 
was received by baptism. Hon. T. A. McNeal gave the first number 
of our lecture course Dec. 22. " White Gifts for the King " was given 
on Christmas night. All lines of church work are progressing nicely. 
and we have hopes that much will he gained during the coming 
year.— Hazel Slifer, Nickerson, Kans., Jan. 2. 

Garden City church met in council Dec. 30. with Eld. D. H. 
Heckman presiding. The following officers were elected: Bro. 
D. H. Hcckman, elder; Bro. Paul Shcaks', clerk. The Sunday-school 
was also reorganized, with Bro. Lee Devine, superintendent. Bro. 
Edw. Weaver was chosen president of the Christian Workers' 
Society.— Mrs. Henry Miller, Garden City, Kans., Jan. 7. 

Hutchinson (First Church).-Wc met in members' meeting Dec. 12, 
We adopted the envelope system of giving, feeling that this method 
would be much better than others heretofore used, and that it would 
help each donor to feel that giving is a part of worship. We elected 
our church and Sunday-school officers for the New Year. Dec. 2.1 
the pupils of the Sunday-school brought to the church gifts of fruits. 
(Continued on Page 44) 

The Forward Movement Department 

Conducted by the General Director, Chas. D. Bonsack 

©ur draper 

Our Father, we rejoice to know that thy hands formed 
our world, and that thy Providence has watched over it 
through all the periods of its existence! When humanity 
forsook thee, thou didst not forsake it; but didst re- 
veal thy love in its redemption. This gives us confidence 
in thee, and assures our doubting hearts that all is' well 
with those who trust thee, and that, what thou hast done, 
shall yet be glorified in righteousness, beauty and power 
through Jesus Christ. Give us lives of praise and faith 
to sing, whatever may betide, for in thy care all is well. 
In Christ's name we ask it. Amen. 

The Past Year 

In reviewing the closing year's work of the For- 
ward Movement, we are conscious of much left un- 
done, as well as much that -may have been done 
amiss. Yet, thank God, quite a bit has been attempted 
in a quiet way. Churches have been visited, problems 
have been considered and solutions offered, suggestions 
rmd plans have been' submitted, and literature has 
been distributed. We have attempted. to stop leaks 
and to stimulate activity and faith in a more urgent 
evangelistic effort upon the part of all. Graciously, 
the Lord has given us a fruitful year in souls for his 

The financial depression, especially among farmers, 
has made this part of the work delicate and difficult. 
The various Boards, responsible for the general work 
of the church, have been compelled to reduce their 
efforts to a minimum program. Needs in the local 
congregations, delayed by the war conditions and 
prices, have made it difficult, for those who would help 
the general needs, to do so; as much as they would 
like. Much of the money, saved at the beginning of 
higher prices, was invested in land at inflated values, 
which is now practically lost. This has caused many 
farmers to lose their capital as well as their profits in 
the much reduced market value of their produce. 

This is not a time for censure, or condemnation for 
mistakes. These conditions demand encouragement 
and a helping hand. They show, however, that we can 
do much by carefully studying conditions and avoid- 
ing any repetition of them. Jesus taught much con- 
cerning a, Christian's relation to property. We have 
neglected it. He taught the basic principles of the 
purpose of life — how to be happy, useful and strong. 
We have violated many of these to our sorrow. Jesus 
points out the dangers and uncertainty of riches every- 
where, though he does not condemn them, except when 
we trust in them, or love them more than we do him 
°r the welfare of our fellow-man. 

To live in luxury, when need is at our door, is a 
crime. To make the abundance of our possessions the 
whole object of life, is the height of folly. To close 
our eyes to the world's need, is to deny God's love. 
To refuse to share, bear and dare with Christ, in tak- 
ing the Gospel to the whole world, is to ignore his 
atoning grace. These are vital and must be consid- 
ered, whatever else happens to our little plans. 

The Forward Movement made a mistake, we be- 
lieve, in not including some help for the local church 
in the financial canvass of 1920. This added to the 
reaction of this year. Then we must learn, more and 
more, to help the local church. Here is the unit of life 
and power, without which all work must cease. Its 
strength and weakness, its resources and needs, must 
be considered in every plan of work. We have neg- 
lected attention here too long. All District and An- 
nual Conferences must endeavor to aid the local con- 
gregation to train and utilize its life and power to 
do the work and will of God. To attempt to make 
these meetings a power within themselves, by delegates 
fitting into conditions of their determination, rather 
than of the selection of the body they represent, will 
eventually destroy respect for all government and 
authority. We must either not offer a representation 
to the local congregation, or else we must permit them 
to make their own selection without fear or favor. 

Disarmament and Peace 

I can not follow the church on the questions of dis- 
armament and peace because of Dan. 12: 1, Matt. 24: 21 
and 1 Thess. 5: 3. I can not see any peace through these 
scriptures, as they all refer to the end of time. Could 
you please make the church attitude more plain to us, 
through the Forward Movement Department? — Canada. 

It is scarcely the province of this department to 
enter the field of theology, neither does the writer feel 
competent to clear up the mysteries, surrounding the 
things that are yet to be. But it is quite comforting 
to know that, in order to be a faithful and dutiful son, 
it is not necessary to know all the Father's plans. In 
fact, we are inclined to believe that a too dogmatic 
opinion of divine plans and methods of procedure, 
upon the part of an Infinite Father, sometimes weak- 
ens the joy of the confident trust that should identify 
his believing children. When our children are small, 
and interpret their parents through love, their confi- 
dence is usually stronger than when they begin to lean 
on their own understanding. This is no argument for 
ignorance, but for faith ! 

Again; to select a few scriptures only, upon which 

to determine the plans of God, is disastrous and con- 
fusing. All scriptures on the same subject must be 
jointly considered. Matt. 5: 9, 39, 44; 6: 10, and a 
host of others, show that we should extend the spirit 
of peace and good will to all men. Men who have 
named the Prince of Peace as their Lord must extend 
this spirit to all, whether in private life, as individuals, 
or in the responsibility of public service. This spirit 
should be cardinal in our teachings, as followers of 
Christ. Christ did not show his noncombatant attitude 
alone to his disciples, but to all men. In fact, he con- 
demns those who would confine it alone to their 
brethren (Matt. 5: 43-48). This course must result 
in peace and good will among men.' 

The scriptures referred to, use the words "trouble," 
" tribulation," " destruction," and " travail." It does 
not require armaments and navies, nor even hate, to 
bring these to pass. The sorest trouble and travail is 
to be banished from the presence of God— especially 
in the case of those who have been careless, and who 
have slept in the day of opportunity. There will be 
trouble enough for all such, without encouraging the 
organized effort of war and hate among men and 
nations. It is our job to spread peace and good will 
in Christ, our Lord, to all men and nations, for since 
he is our life, we can not do otherwise. 

Forward Movement Notes 

After tiling about some new organizations 
in his local church, a District worker states: "We 
think we have a fine outlook," and a little later he 
says : " This ought to b c a great year for the church." 
Wouldn't it be a splendid thing if all of us were to 
show that spirit of optimism! 

Have you ever heard of any one who practiced 
tithing and afterwards regretted that he had done it? 
We do hear a great deal on the other side. Here is 
part of a letter: " Wife and I have been tithing since 
Jan. 1, 1916, and have found it a source of great satis- 
faction. The windows of heaven have been opened 
to us, and we have had a constant realization of 
Christ's words, that it is more blessed to give than 
to receive." 

Copies of " How to Tithe and Why " have been 
sent to each of the Local Directors, and in turn a great 
many have written for additional copies, to distribute 
among the membership of their churches. This book- 
let is one of the publications of the Layman Company. 
Some of our congregations have already used this lit- 
erature in the past. For example, one Local Direc- 
tor says; "We have been distributing this literature 
for six or eight years," and adds: "It will convince 
any fair-minded person." 

It was being suggested to the minister that there 
be a period of special evangelistic meetings in his 
congregation prior to Easter. Finally he said: "I'll 
have to be frank with you, and tell you that the con- 
dition our church is in now, is such that we couldn't 
get any one to ' join it.' " But that minister, labor- 
ing with others, has changed things in that church 
and souls are being added to it. What are you plan- 
ning for Easter? If there is something wrong in the 
congregation, there is ample time to make it right 
between now and then, if there is the proper Chris- 
tian spirit manifested. And if there are no such 
hindrances, it is none too soon to begin preparations 
for a revival, culminating in the Easter season. 

A sermon is needed, in all our churches, on sal- 
vation. In the simplest and clearest way the great and 
vital things of faith, repentance and obedience, on 
man's part, and the abiding grace of God in Christ 
Jesus, to forgive and keep, should be made plain. We 
need better acquaintance with our Father, with Jesus 
as the Redeemer, and with the Holy Spirit, as our 
Comforter and Guide. The first and great command- 
ment, says Jesus, is " to love the Lord thy God with 
all thy heart, and with all thy soul, and with all thy 
mind, and with all thy strength: . - ■ And the 
second is like, namely this, Thou shalt love thy neigh- 
bor as thyself." How can we love him, if we do 
not know him? 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 21, 1922 


The Desire and the Wings 


There is a very suggestive passage in one of Dar- 
win's works, in which he says that, " in the evolution 
of the eagle, the desire to ascend, to fly heavenward, 
preceded the appearance of the wings." Whether this 
be accurate or not, it seems to us deeply significant 
as a parable of the spiritual life. 

" He shall give thee the desires of thine heart," so 
wrote the Psalmist, with a wealth of meaning we often 
miss. The test of our characters is the things we long 
for and delight in. Between these inner longings and 
our actual utterances, even in prayer, theie may be 
wide divergence. Most of us, no doubt, have read the 
story of Aladdin and his wonderful lamp. By rubbing 
the magic lamp, Aladdin got whatever he wished, and 
soon he became rich and great. It is an impossible 
story, yet there is a sense in which it is true that we 
attain unto the thing we most earnestly desire. 

" First the desire, then the wings," writes Darwin. 
" Ask and it shall be given you," said Jesus, " seek and 
ye shall find, knock and it shall be opened unto you." 
Jesus meant a good deal more than a mere verbal 
utterance. Prayer may be a very lifeless thing and 
not at all the expression of our real desire's. Desires 
that are strong and dee pare in themselves prayers, for 
prayer may be either " unuttered or expressed." 
Sometimes we have thought we were praying simply 
because we were on our knees, or in some other at- 
titude of devotion, but frequently the most acceptable 
prayers are never audibly voiced. As Dr. J. R. Miller 
says: "They are breathings of the soul, longings of 
the heart, yearnings and aspirations which can not 
be put into language." 

Toronto, Can. 

A Good Method of Electing Church Officers 


Often the method employed is tedious and uninter- 
esting. At times it carries with it unusual personal 
interest. To me, a plan that takes little time, one 
that is intelligently and quickly done, and one that 
eliminates to a minimum the possibility of rivalry, is 
worthy of consideration. Recently I visited a con- 
gregation in which these features were prominent, 
and it is worthy of being introduced generally because 
" it is practical. 

On the Sunday before the election, the bishop an- 
nounced two separate and distinct nominating com- 
mittees. These had previously been named by the 
official board, and now they were told to meet sep- 
arately the following week, and to nominate one per- 
son for each of the nineteen offices of the church and 
Sunday-school. The committees did their work and 
held their nominations strictly secret, until the Sun- 
day morning when I happened to be present. 

At the close of the morning service, a sheet ballot 
was distributed. On this was printed the office, and a 
blank space was provided on which to write a name 
for each of the nineteen offices to be filled. Pencils 
were supplied to those who did not have any. Then 
the chairman of each committee was called forward. 
The bishop asked that the name, nominated by each 
committee, be announced, and that the members des- 
ignate their choice. Thus they went through the list 
in a very short time. The ballots were collected and 
given to two brethren to count, and to report the elec- 
tion the next Sunday. That was all there was to' it. 

Some Attractive Features 

Little time is consumed in the election of all the 

In several instances both committees named the 
same person, but that did not displease any one in 
the least. 

The election took place at a time when the largest 
representation of members was present— a needful 
thing these days. 

Each committee discussed the suitableness of the 

person it offered, but had no idea whom the other 
committee would name. 

Naming . two committees, of three each, gives a 
chance to have every element of the church repre- 
sented in the nomination. 

Even the continuation of the pastor for another year 
was settled in this very ballot. 

To avoid all appearance of arbitrariness, the mem- 
bership was told that, while two were being named 
by the committees, it was the privilege of any one 
to vote for some one else, instead of making choice 
of one of the two named. 

The cost of getting the ballots printed is small, 
compared with the advantages of time saved, and 
the large vote thus obtained. 

Perhaps the plan will commend itself to churches 
who elect one by one, and spend a whole evening in 
selecting a few of the church officers. 

Huntingdon, Pa. 

Be Merciful 


"The Lord is merciful and gracious, slow to anger 
and plenteous in mercy." 

Beautiful traits of character are seen in the Mas- 
ter whom we serve, and he wishes his children to man- 
ifest the same characteristics as they pass through this 
world, where sin and iniquity abound ! He is our 
Example in all things, and as we study his life, and 
how he dealt with people while going up and down 
the Land of Judea, doing good to all with whom he 
came in contact, we are strongly impressed with the 
thought that we come far short of following his teach- 

We are emphatically told that those who do not 
have the Spirit of Christ are none of his. Then 
those who do not show mercy to others, can not be 
his children, because they do not follow his teachings. 
This does not mean merely to give large sums of 
money to those in need, but it means that we should 
have tender compassion toward all — especially those 
who have fallen by the wayside. None were too 
humble to enlist the sympathy and assistance of the 
Merciful One, and such is the mission of those who 
profess to follow in his footsteps. 

The lesson teaches that the Lord is " slow to anger " 
—that he bears long and forgives freely. How do we 
act when some little affair crosses our pathway? Are 
we swift to take offense when, perhaps, none was 
intended, and are we ready and willing to forgive? 
It seems so hard for some people to acknowledge 
that they make mistakes and ask pardon. This 
should not be. We are living in a sinful world— one 
in which mistakes are very common — and we should 
be slow to impugn the motives of others. Then, too, 
we should be very ready to correct our mistakes when 
they are pointed out to us. The Lord is merciful 
because he is loving, and he wants his professed 
followers to act towards one another in the same 
way. " Seventy times seven " means to have always 
a forgiving heart. Then there will be no room for 
malice, and more good will be the result. 

Trough Creek, Pa. 

Two Monuments 


On the afternoon of a fine August Sunday, we took 
a drive through beautiful Riverside Cemetery. 

"Have you ever seen Dr. S 's monument?" 

asked my sister. As I had not, we drove around to 

it. This Dr. S had been a very skilled physician 

in his lifetime and had helped a good many people, 
but he usually got paid the highest price for his serv- 
ices. I had heard of this monument that had been 
erected. As we came to it, we noticed that it oc- 
cupied one of the most prominent spots in the cem- 
etery, where it could readily be noticed; as people 
walked or drove through this beautiful, quiet city of 
the dead. The monument is probably fifteen feet high, 
and has inscriptions on four sides. On the first side 
it tells what a great help he was to humanity. On 
the second side it gives some of his family history, 

traced back to English nobility. On the third 
side is an account of some of the literary work and 
research he made in his State. On the fourth side it 
tells that he never used intoxicating liquor nor to- 
bacco in any form. Near that part some one had 
written: " It's a lie." 

As a young girl at home, I remember seeing the 
man often. I had been in Jiis office and, seeing his 
rows and rows of books, I had often wished that I 
might spend hours and hours among them. He was 
respected very highly by his towns-people, and I sup- 
posed, of course, that through them these inscrip- 
tions had been placed on the monument. As we 
turned away, I was told, however, that he had at- 
tended to all this before he died. As we walked away, 
the picture of a little cemetery in Geneva, Switzer- 
land, came up before me, and I saw the obscure grave 
of that great religious reformer, John Calvin, The 
passer-by might easily miss it, as he walked along, 
for it is only a little stone, projecting but a few inches 
above the ground. It is but fifteen inches square, and 
the only thing carved on it is " J. C." 

What a contrast! Calvin lives in the lives and 
hearts of multitudes of Christians whom his teach- 
ings have led to a higher Christian life, but his grave 
is marked with the little stone and his initials, while 
the doctor, who got paid well for all he did for hu- 
manity, erected his own monument, in order that 
passers-by might remember that he really did exist. 
Calvin's tombstone had no room for the family crest, 
but he has gone down in history as one of God's great 
noblemen, and his name will live as long as time. 
People stop and look down in reverence at the little 
gravestone in the little old cemetery in Geneva, and 
go away better for having thought of the man whose 
body rests there. 

We look up at the towering monument of one who, 
after a few years, is almost forgotten, and pass on, 
feeling a sort of disgust — particularly so when some 
one accidentally tapped the monument, proving to us 
that it is hollow and not the solid granite we at first 
thought it to be. Then we felt that, after all, "it's 
a lie," as some irreverent person had written below 
the inscription above referred to. 
Jewell, Ohio. 

Dreaming Day-Dreams 


In the evening's gloom and quiet we often sit quietly 
pondering, dreaming dreams that often never come 
true. Though never real, they are vital to us all, and 
while the evening's gloom gathers, we weave songs 
with golden threads upon silver looms. 

Sometimes there is only a faint echo of a rare and 
lovely strain, glad as the laugh of a child. Often we 
feel sad and lone. Our fancy follows on and on, 
to lands that no one knows. Our very soul leaps up 
to hold them. Dreams wild and sweet come to us 
and then, alas, they are gone from us. The thread 
has tangled and broken. We can not call them back. 
If only we could weave them into a beautiful, silvery 
song, and help them to come true. We are so very 
feeble and helpless within ourselves. It is only when 
we ask Jesus to help us, that dreams come true. 

Let us pray for help, to teach us to weave threads 
into our looms that count for eternity ! Let us work 
for a home in the land that no man knows on this 
earth ! Our Elder Brother is preparing a home for 
us there. 

Aline, Okla. _♦_ 

Let Us Pray 


Our Father in heaven, in our weakness we feel 
to hallow thy excellent name. As we enter the new 
year, wouldst thou help us to renew our spiritual ef- 
forts in serving thee. We confess that we, of our- 
selves, are very weak and without thee we can do 
nothing. We thank thee that through the past years 
thou hast been so mindful of us, and hast so mercifully 
brought us to another new year. 

O Lord, wouldst thou help us to remember the gift 
of thy dear Son, and the great plan of salvation, and 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 21, 1922 


help us to understand the meaning thereof, and their 
worth to us. 

And we thank thee for the church, and pray 
thee to bless her, and all of her work, at home and 
abroad. And wouldst thou bless all of the Brethren 
schools, and all other activities helpful in obtaining 
Christian knowledge. 

Wouldst thou grant that the time may speedily 
come when all nations and the people of every clime 
may know thee, and know of thy power, to enlighten, 
bless and save. 

O Lord, we pray thee to give wisdom and power 
to all of thy faithful ministers, and to all our brethren 
and sisters, that they may be able to perform their 
Christian duty. Dear Lord, though we be but dust, 
wouldst thou forgive all that is impure. Though we 
be imperfect and sinful in thy sight, wouldst thou 
save us in his name ! 

Elida, Ohio. 



(Selected by Mrs. Martha Miller, Paw Paw, Mich.) 
It was only a cup of water, 
With a gentle grace bestowed, 
But it cheered a weary traveler 
Along the lonely road; 
For the way was long and dreary, 
And the resting places few, 
And the sun had dried up the streamlets, 
And drunk up the sparkling dew. 

None noticed the cup of water, 

As a beautiful act of love, 

Save the angels keeping the record 

Away in the land above. 

But the record shall never perish, 

The trifling deed shall live, 

For heaven demands but little, 

From those who have least to give. 

It isn't the world-praised wonders 
That are best in our Father's sight, 
Nor the wreaths of fading laurel 
That garnish fame's dizzy height; 
But the pitying love and kindness, 
The work of the warm caress, 
The beautiful hope and patience 
And self-forgetfulness. 
The trifle in secret given, 
The prayer in the quiet night. 
And the little unnoticed nothings, 
Are good in our Father's sight. 

Back to the Farm 

Chapter One 

" When I think of what my mother used to .do, at 
my age, I can not, for the life of me, see what has 
come over me. What's the trouble, Steve?" 

Laura Branson looked appealingly into the fa,ce of 
her husband. He, too, had silvery hair. He looked 
to be about seventy, but he was vigorous, strong, 
able to carry responsibility and to enjoy life. He 
answered his wife as best he could: "I wish I knew 
what is wrong, but I don't. Perhaps we would better 
take a motor trip somewhere." 

" You know how helpless father was. Mother took 
care of him herself. She did her house-work, and she 
never was a care to*" any of us, though she lived to be 
eighty years old, and here am I—" 

She lifted her thin, white hands as she talked. Her 
white dress hung loosely upon her drooping shoulders. 
Her face was wrinkled. She looked old and weary, 
though she was not sixty. 

Steve looked at her in that helpless way that men 
have when a problem can not be solved by any set 
of rules with which they are familiar. He could not 
see what made Laura so tired or so weak. He had 
told the doctor again and again if there were anything 
they could do, he should let them know, but the doc- 
tor had not helped them so far. Steve's voice was 
very gentle as he said : " Your mother was a wonder- 
ful woman. But I must go -to the warehouse now," 
and so he left her. 

Laura watched him go. As long as she could see 

him, she sat still on the porch. Steve had always been 
good to her; he had worked hard on the farm. Then, 
when he had started in the grain business, he worked 
to the limit of his strength, but he was well, while she 
was tired and sick all the time. The elevator had 
paid from the beginning. They had made so much 
money that they sold out everything and moved to 
the city, where Steve had bought a large grain busi- 
ness and made more money. 

Laura went to her kitchen to see Letty — the girl- 
who did all their work — telling her : " Letty, I am 
going to the country, on the trolley, out the Salem 
Pike. I'll be back this evening." 

Letty looked a bit startled. " But I don't think 
you should go alone." 

Laura replied : " But I want to go alone. I've been 
thinking about it for several days. You needn't worry. 
I'll be careful. I'll stop for something to eat too." 

"Let me call Kitty; she'll go with you," urged 

" Please don't. I want to be alone." 

Laura went slowly upstairs to get her purse, her 
hat, and a clean pocket-handkerchief. The faces of 
her four children looked down at her from a -beauti- 
ful oval frame — a lifelike picture. They were good 
children, too, but they were busy with their own af- 
fairs. Kitty was the only one in the city. The other 
three had gone west. She sometimes thought that if 
she could have had her grandchildren with her, they 
might keep her fro.m getting tired, and sick of every- 
thing. Philip had always understood her, but Philip 
was in California, and he had three children of his 
own. She could not expect him to help her now. 

Letty was waiting for her when she came down 
stairs. " Drink this before you start, and don't overdo 

Laura obediently drank the milk, saying: "I'll stop 
at Englewood, maybe, and anyway, I'll be back be- 
fore dark." 

The trolley car was crowded, but she never hated 
trolleys as Kitty did. She liked to study the people 
who traveled with her. Some women carried market- 
baskets. They had sotd their produce in the city. 
How hard they worked for a few dollars! Laura 
could see again the rows of corn she had hoed, the 
cabbage she had set out and the tomatoes she had 
staked. Every little was depended upon, to help them 
in their struggle to get out of debt, when they were 
young and the children were small. 

Arrived at Englewood, she walked along aimlessly 
for a short distance. Then she noticed a narrow road 
that seemed to run across the hills and through a 
narrow valley. She knew that down by the river a 
State road, wide and well-built, invited most travelers. 
This country road was used by the farmers as they 
went to the mill and the country store. Laura walked 
very slowly now, noticing the little houses. She was 
feeling tired. 

Just ahead was another small house. She exclaimed 
at the beauty of its garden, full of hollyhocks, sweet- 
william and old-fashioned fall flowers. ."I wish I 
had some," she said to herself. She stood at the gate, 
and a strange feeling oppressed her — a need, a real 
need, of something. Was it the peace of God? She 
knew that she had not thought much of God during 
the last few years — ever since they were in the city. 
They had not gone to church very often. " Peace 
I leave with you, my peace I give unto you," were the 
words of Christ, as she well remembered, but she had 
not felt his peace, nor had she thought much of his 
love lately. Perhaps he was waiting to carry her 
burden of pain and weariness. She was " heavy- 
laden " and she wanted rest. 

As she stood there, she heard the fretful crying 
of a baby. Guided by this, she went to the summer 
kitchen. As she looked in she said, under her breath : 
"Bless her heart! Poor thing!" For there stood a 
young mother, with a crying baby in her arms. She 
was thin and weak. And, oh, that kitchen ! Un- 
washed breakfast dishes, things lying around, and a 
big basket of ironing in the middle of the floor. But, 
worst of all, the mother was looking helplessly at a 
cruel burn on her hand. 

Dear me ! Oh, dear, now what are you doing for 
that sore?" asked Laura excitedly. 

" Nothing, I don't know \vhat to do," the young 
mother looked so weak and helpless that, for the time, 
Laura forgot her own illness. 

Turning to the little girl of six, she said : " Get me 
some flour and some lard and water." Laura mixed 
a soft dough which, when placed on the burn, shut 
out the air and took away the pain, while the tears 
rolled down the mother's cheeks. 

Laura took the baby in her arms and hushed him — 
she liked doing it too. Queer how old texts 'came to 
her— how Christ Jesus went about doing good, and 
other passages. How long since she had followed 
him! Christ's life among men was one of toil — he 
is never far away, though so many fail to find him. 

The young mother, Mrs. Thompson, apologized: 
'"I've been sick, and now, working all morning with 
the baby on my arm, I burned myself." 

Huntingdon, Pa. 

Character Portrayals 


The surest way of determining a person's charac- 
ter is to listen to his or her portrayal of another's 
mental make-up. Some are prone to rail upon and 
denounce most scathingly in others the very tenden- 
cies that are most prominent in their own lives, but 
unsuspected until laid bare before the world. 

True there are exceptions. The minister, for in- 
stance, must denounce all forms of vice in a more or 
less vociferous manner, as some forms of evil are cer- 
tainly more despicable than others. But our general 
conversation will tell the story. 

There was once a poor girl, who, I firmly believe, 
had made only one grave mistake in her lifetime. 
When one of her former companions said : " Oh, how 
I pity her, how miserable she must be," another girl 
spoke up disdainfully: " Pity her — the idea! She got 
just what she deserved. If a girl's bound to make a 
fool of herself, let her suffer the consequences." 
After this vindictive tirade, she sailed away from 
the group in a way that implied that we, who were 
sympathizing with the poor, forsaken girl, were hence- 
forth and forever beneath her exalted notice. Today 
that girl is a street-walker — to say the best — and the 
other girl has proven, by her daily conduct, that, 
though once beguiled, she is now willing to serve God 
always — not only as an atonement for her part, but 
because she has forsaken iniquity and has learned to 
love righteousness. 

I once knew a woman who was always suspecting 
her neighbor of slipping certain small articles from 
her home. " I wouldn't trust her out of my sight," 
she warned me. It all seemed so absurd and childish 
that I gave it little heed. She insisted upon helping 
me to pack china, bedding, etc., when we were about 
to move from that 'place, and I could, if I would, 
tell you several things which would cause you to 
smile, and to nod your head most responsively to the 
logic of my reasoning, as regards this subject. 

Concerning the other lady — I have never known a 
nicer little woman. As we mentioned the names of 
other people, she would often say: "Oh, she is such 
a splendid woman — so generous and kind," or, " Yes, 
indeed, I know them — they- are among the finest 
people in this town," or, " Yes, I know her. She has 
made her mistakes, and still makes them, I suppose, 
but I always feel like saying this for her — she is the 
best help for miles around in times of sickness or 

I confess I was a bit anxious to know her opinion 
of the other lady, so I remarked casually: " Mrs. D — 
called on me the other day for the third time since we 
live here. How do you like her?" "Well," she re- 
plied, after a moment's hesitation, " she is a bit pe- 
culiar, but then, we all are, I suppose — still, she's the 
grandest cook in this whole county, I do believe. I've 
actually broken little bits from her cakes, etc., while 
talking with her in her kitchen— ^they did look so 
tempting and good — and they were always just as 
good as they looked." 

Goshe-n, Ind. 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 21. 1922 


-Bro Ezra 

the Yellow 
R. McFadden, of Smithville, 

Calendar for Sunday, January 22 

Sunday-school Lesson, Elijah's Flight and Return— 
1 Kings 19: 9-18. 

Christian Worker.' Meeting, The Hallel Psalms.-Psa. 
118: 14-29. * * * + 

Gains for the Kingdom 

One baptism in the Sterling church, 111. 

Four baptisms in the Sabetha church, Kans. 

One baptism in the Mcyersdale church, Pa. 

Two baptisms in the Clearwater church, Idaho. 

Seven baptisms in the Payette Valley church, Idaho. 

Two baptisms in the Glendale church, Ariz.,— Bro. H. B. 
Mohlcr, evangelist. 

Four baptisms at Hyndman, Pa.-Bro. W. J. Hamilton, 
of Rockwood, Pa., evangelist. 

Two baptisms in the Ozawkie church, Kans.,— Bro. J. 
A. Vancil, Gardner, Kans., evangelist. 

One baptism in the Mt. Hope church, Wasl: 
Whisler, of Ajlune, Wash., evangelist. 

Five baptisms in the Troy church, Ohio— Bro. Hugh 
Miller, of the same place, in charge. 

Five additions to the Waterford church, Calif.,— Bro. 
G. C. Carl, of Portland, Ore., evangelist. 

Two baptisms in the Maiden Creek church, Pa.,— Bro. 
Michael Kurtz, of Richland, Pa., evangelist. 

One awaits baptism in the Portland church, Ind.,— 
Bro. Ira E. Long, of Andrews, Ind., evangelist. 

Three were baptized and one reclaimed in the Nappa- 
nee church, Ind*.,— Bro. Wm. Buckley, of Dayton, Ohio, 

One confession at the Millbach house, Richland con- 
gregation, Pa.,— Bro. Thos. Patrick, of Penbrook, Pa., 

Eight baptisms in the Woigamuth house, Lower Cone- 
wago church, Pa'.,— Bro. Grant Group, of East Berlin, Pa., 

Five were baptized and two reclaimed 
Creek church, Ind.,— Bro. D. 
Ohio, evangelist 

Two were baptized and one awaits baptism in the 
Oneonta church, Ala.,— Bro. A. M. Bashor, of Lawrence- ' 
burg, Tenn., evangelist. 

Four were baptized and one reinstated in the Green- 
spring church, Ohio,— Bro. J. W. Norris, of North Man- 
chester, Ind., evangelist. 

Two baptisms in the Boiling Springs house, Lower 
Cumberland. Pa.,— Bro. E. S. Rowland, of Hagerstown : 
Md., evangelist; two baptisms following the meetings. 
Eight additions to the Harris Creek church, Bradford, 
Ohio,— Bro. J. A. Robinson, of Pleasant Hill, Ohio, evan- 
gelist; seventeen applications for membership during 
meetings conducted by the resident elders. 
♦ * ♦ •** 
Our Evangelists 

Will you share the burden which these laborers carry? Will you 
pray for the success of these meetings? 

Bro. Harrison Gipe, of Hershey, Pa., to begin Jan. 28 
in the Richland church, Pa. 

Bro. Wm. N. Zobler, of Lancaster, Pa., to begin Feb. 
5 in the Midway church, Pa. 

Bro. David Metzler, of Nappanee, Ind., began Jan. 15 
in the First South Bend church, Ind. 

Bro. John R. Snyder, of Bellefontaine, Ohio, to begin 
Jan. 29 at Bellwood, Pa.; early in April at Detroit, Mich.; 
early in May at Shade Creek, Pa. 

* * * * 

Personal Mention 

The Executive Committee of the Forward Movement 
was scheduled to meet in regular session on Wednesday 
of this week. 

Northwestern Kam&i and Northeastern Colorado is to 
be represented on the Standing Committee of the next 
Conference by Eld. D. A. Crist. 

Bro. W. G. Group, of East Berlin, Pa., has some time 
available for evangelistic work during the year 1922, if 
churches desiring his services will make early applica- 

Occasionally Bro. W. B. Stover gets away from his 
work at Northwestern University long enough to spend 
a Sunday with one of our congregations. Last Lord's 
Day he was scheduled to minister to the flock at La 
Porte, Ind. 

Bro. !. J. Gibson and wife have resigned their posi- 
tions as instructors in Hebron Seminary, Nokesville, Va.. 
on account of the ill health of Sister Gibson. They are 
now located at Astoria, 111. This change leaves Bro. 
Gibson open to a limited number of engagements for 

•evangelistic meetings, or assistance in religious educa- 

Judging from what Bro. Minnich says about the For- 
eign Missions Conference last week, the discussion was 
not only interesting, but exceedingly practical. One of 
the main questions before the Conference was that of 
training missions to become self-supporting and self- 
propagating, so as not to depend more than is necessary 
upon the foreign missionari< 

All missionaries and Mis 

sion Boards know what a vital matter this is. It is the 

heart of the problem of permanence in mission work and 

greater progress in world evangelism. 

* * ♦ * 

Elsewhere in This Issue 

All churches in the region assigned to Mt. Morris 
College should be sure to note the announcement of the 
Special Bible Term, beginning on Sunday, Feb. 5. It will 
be found on page 42. 

The many reports of Sisters' Aid Societies in this issue 
constitute a most gratifying evidence of the fact that our 
sisters are fully alive to their opportunities. One of 
the societies contributed $500 towards the construction 
of a new house of worship in the home congregation, 
while others gave helpful assistance to various good 
causes. Our sisters are richly deserving 'of special en- 
couragement in the great work they are doing. 

Our Home Mission Secretary has something to say this 
week, on page 36. abou,t one phase of the Home Missions ■ 
Council which he attended last week— a phase which was 
not strictly a part of the Council but is related thereto 
and concerns a matter of great importance besides. 
Others will have something to say soon about the Coun- 
cil sessions proper, and the Secretary himself promises 
early treatment of certain aspects of the Home Mission 
problem, as this concerns our own Fraternity. 

Special Notices 

Preliminary announcement of the Juniata Bible Insti- 
tute, to be held Feb. 6 to 10, was made in a recent issue. 
More details concerning the program will be published 
next week, the same having reached us too late for in- 
sertion in this issue. 

Last Call for Historical Material.— Brethren who have 
seen many phases of military life, have responded to our 
notice in the " Messenger" of Dec. 3. However, there are 
many who have not seen the notice, or who have simply 
neglected to answer the questions. In order that this 
history may be as complete as possible, I shall keep the 
chapters which deal with our .Brethren in camp, open 
until Feb. 15. Those who have not responded as yet, 
will please get busy at once. Bro. Moomaw's section 
of the book is undergoing final revision. The questions 
above referred to are suggestive. Any incidents related 
to the subject are solicited.— John D. Roop, Jr., Box 46, 
Linwood, Md. * 4> 4» 4» 

Miscellaneous Mention 

Fully impressed with the fact that special blessings 
come to those who "abound in every good work," a wide- 
awake Illinois congregation is supporting seven Arme- 
nian orphans, though but one was apportioned to it when 
•the official assignment was made to the different churches 
of the town. We learn that in liberality that church far 
exceeded other and even stronger organizations. 

Bro. E. F. Claar, of Klahr, Pa., in reporting the activ- 
ities of his own congregation, mentions the fact that both 
parents and children are in regular attendance at Sun- 
day-school. Commendable as that showing is, in and of 
itself, his further statement is still more gratifying: 
"All Sunday-school scholars stay for preaching services." 
Many of our Sunday-school workers would undoubtedly 
be glad to learn just how that Pennsylvania congrega- 
tion has succeeded in holding the children for church 

How thoughtless we are I How easily we forget the 
common courtesies of life! A brother who has spent 
many years in faithful service for the Brotherhood and 
is well known to readers of the "Messenger," is now 
located where he receives many letters of inquiry about 
the conditions where he lives. And "so many of the 
writers fail to enclose stamps. This makes it hard on 
the finances." The quoted words are from his letter. 
We wonder if- some of those well-meaning but thought- 
less inquirers will see this and take the hint. 

It's June 7 to 15. One of the strange illusions of an 
Editor is that people read what is printed in his paper. 
He foolishly imagines that when announcements of com- 
ing events are published, the readers should be expected 
to know about them. But a little experience teaches 
him that this is a mistake. So we are not surprised to 
have more than .one inquiry within the last week about 
the time of the next General Conference. The official 

Committee will meet on Thursday morning, June 8, and 
that the public business sessions will open the following 
Tuesday, June 13, while the general program may begin, 
and probably will, as early as Wednesday, June 7. This 
part will be arranged by the Conference Program Com- 
mittee, but the limits between which the whole Confer- 
ence will be held are June 7 and June 15, 1922. 

"A brother" sends us a very interesting item of church 
news about the progress of the Lord's work at a certain 
place, but since he gives no clue to his identity, we can 
not use it. We presume his statements are correct but 
before publishing important facts we like to know just 
what our backing is. Unsigned communications are not 
taken very seriously in the " Messenger " rooms. 

We have just recewed from Bro. J. H. Moore an in- 
teresting communication for our correspondence columns 
about the dedication of the new and enlarged church at 
Sebring, Fla. The services were held Jan. 8. The house 
was dedicated free of indebtedness and a strong dis- 
course, appropriate to the occasion, was delivered by 
Bro. D. H. Zigler, of Broadway, Va., who spends his • 
winters at Sebring. The article referred to, giving fur- 
ther particulars, will appear next week. 
♦ * * * 

A Bystander's Notes 

For Your Pocket Testament.— It has been suggested 
that the following seed-thoughts be inscribed in the 
Pocket Testament of every Christian: "(1) Your own 
faults— and, by the same token, your own virtues, too, 
it would seem— are those which you most persistently 
attribute to others. (2) Every word you utter either 
wings its way to the throne of God or is charged against 
you in the final record. The choice is yours. (3) Be as 
careful not to minimize the truth, when speaking of 
another's virtues, as you should be, not to exaggerate 
another's misdoings." 

The Uplift of Noble Thoughts.— The writer has been 
specially impressed by one of Thoreau's sayings: " Assqp 
ciate reverently, and as much as you can, with your 
loftiest thoughts." It is a truly worth-while suggestion 
in a world of sordid aims. Perhaps we can get a clue 
as to what prompted the naturalist to write as he did, 
in this further utterance: "They are never alone, who 
are accompanied by noble thoughts." Undoubtedly, of 
course, there must be noble thoughts before there can be 
noble living. But we need not suppose that noble think- 
ing must be elaborate or in any way pretentious. In re- 
ality .it is a part of the simple life— a form of spiritual 
wealth within the reach of all, and the more of it we 
give away, the richer we ourselves become. So truly 
did George Macdonald believe this that he wrote: "If, 
instead of a gem, or even a flower, we could cast the gift 
of a lovely thought into the heart of a friend, that would 
be giving as the angels give." 

A Reader's Prayer.— H. H. Barstow, receiving his sug- 
gestion from Dr. Henry van Dyke's "Writer's Prayer," 
offers some good suggestions in the lines quoted be- 
low. They may be studied to general profit : " Lord, 
let me never slight the meaning nor the moral of any- 
thing I read! Make me respect my mind so much that 
I dare not read what has no meaning nor moral! Help 
me choose with care my books, as well as my friends, 
because both are mine for life. Show me that, as in a 
river, so in reading, the depths hold more of strength 
and beauty than the shallows 1 Teach me to value art 
without being blind to thought 1 Keep me from caring 
more for much reading than for careful reading 1 Help 
me to value less the books in general than the One 
Book!* Favor me with an ideal that will let me read 
only the best, and when that is done, stop me 1 Equip 
me with power to teach others, and then help me to say 
from a disciplined mind, a grateful Amen!" 

Being Better Than Our Fathers.— Truthfully some one 
has said: "We must be better than our fathers, to be as 
good as they were." Undoubtedly this modern age, with 
its possibilities for better preparation, suggests a higher 
degree of service than in days gone by. We have lived 
under the fostering influences of a Christian civilization, 
and all that is implied thereby. We have been stimulated 
by the activities of a Christian church and the uplift of 
those of like precious faith. We have been enriched by 
the environment of Christian educational institutions. 
As we enter upon an earnest life of work, the numerous 
facilities of this modern age are placed at our disposal, 
with which to make our life count tenfold more than 
it could have counted at any time in the past. We are 
in touch with efficiently-managed church organizations, 
which are ready to direct our material, intellectual and 
spiritual endeavors into promising channels for the pro- 
mulgation of the Gospel. Unless, therefbre, we accom- 
plish something definite and constructive in the extension 
of the Kingdom of God, we shall be ashamed of our- 
selves, when it is our turn to pass to the realms beyond. 
How to place our life in the hands of the Lord, that 

date fixed by the Committee of Arrangements is June he may use us as instrument* through which he may work 

7 to 15 as stated by the Secretary of the Committee in out his plans for the highest development of mankind 

his special article on that subject, published in our issue in general-this is life's great problem. It ts a task that 

of Nov. 26, 1921. This means, of course, that the Standing demands our highest endeavors aTid our utmost diligence. 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 21, 1922 



What a Man of Conviction Can Do 

Christian character and energy are sure to manifest 
themselves as a power for good, individually and also 
by way of community betterment.- Mr. G. A. F. Parker, 
President of the Western National Bank, of Hereford, 
Texas, is a firm believer in tithing, and with the resources 
thus placed at his command, endeavors to do the greatest 
amount of good. Some years ago he decided to try to 
get the Bible into the schools of Hereford. He interested 
others, and by their joint resources they succeeded in 
starting a Bible course that is proving highly successful. 
Regular examinations in Bible study are given at stated 
periods, just as pupils are examined in other studies. 
Practically every citizen of the town is enthusiastically 
endorsing this course of Bible study. Its value has been 
amply demonstrated. 

Another Triumph for Science 

Many sections of Africa, as well as several of our 
Southern States, suffer from the dire effects of the hook- 
worm scourge. Medical experts have struggled to find an 
effective remedy for the disease, and have finally found 
that a single application of X-ray treatment is sufficient 
to cure the most obstinate cases of the disease. Already 
several extended experiments have been made upon 
tribes in Africa, and the most remarkable results are re- 
ported to have been attained. There is, perhaps, no 
other scourge which so greatly afflicts humanity today 
as the hookworm — it being quite prevalent in all tropical 
and sub-tropical countries. It is no slight tribute to the 
skill of America's medical practitioners that their un- 
ceasing devotion to the relief of suffering humanity has 
gained another triumph. 

Persecution of Quakers 

That the persecution of the Quakers is not altogether 
a thing of the past, is evidenced by an item in a recent 
issue of "The American Friend." Cornelius and Beatrice 
Cadbury Boecke, of Holland, are likely to have their 
property seized again this year as last, because they 
can not, as a matter of conscience, pay their military tax. 
Further persecution and prosecution is likely to be 
brought against them because of the encouragement they 
are giving to young men who, for conscience' sake, re- 
fuse to enter military service. Several times these ex- 
ponents of nonresistance have been torn away from , 
their family of five little girls, and imprisoned because 
of their unflinching testimony against war, and their 
fearless preaching of the Gospel of peace and good will 

to all m£n. 

Why Not Give Them the Bread of Life? 
Just now, while the need of the starving people in 
Europe has aroused the sympathy of generous hearts in 
all parts of our country, and while the utmost is being 
done to feed the bodies of perishing millions, there is a 
strong pressure that the Bible also be put within their 
reach. This, it is justly claimed, would be of lasting 
benefit to the suffering millions, affording them "promise 
of the life that now is, and of that which is to come." 
The point is well taken, and it is to be hoped that, in 
some way, such a plan may be carried out. Additional 
emphasis might be given to that plan of Bible distribu- 
tion, if the nations, that now profess to be guided by 
the Blessed Book, were to exemplify, in word and life, 
what the Bible actually accomplishes when once it finds 
a place in the heart of man. 

the last war, is wholly inhuman and unchristian." A 
generation ago the church faced the moral issue of slav- 
ery and, convinced of its utter wrong, put an end to it. 
Today the Christian world must face the greater wrong 
of war, and find its moral equivalent in the highest 
exaltation of peace. To this end permanent cooperation 
between nations must be organized, fully supported by 
the united action of the churches. 

A New Aid to Prohibition in Great Britain 

Strongly intrenched as the liquor traffic is, in Great 
Britain, gradually the day of better things is dawning. 
One of the most encouraging developments is a strong 
unified agitation by the school-teachers throughout all 
parts of England — representative of all classes of schools, 
from the highest to the lowest — all insistent upon the 
passage of laws, prohibiting the sale of intoxicating 
liquor to all young people." While this limitation may 
not, at first sight, seem wholly justifiable, there is good 
logic in it, after all. It is a step toward prohibition in 
general, later on, whose value can not be overestimated. 
Remembering that the young people of today will be 
the men and women of tomorrow, we can readily realize 
the extent of the mighty influence for temperance, ulti- 
mately to be wielded by young temperance workers now 

in the schools. 

A Noted Detective on Child- Training 
As a man of keen insight into the vagaries of human 
nature, Mr. Wm. J. Burns, the famous detective, stands 
probably in the front ranks. His counsel to parents is 
decidedly pertinent: "I am not a pessimist, but I some- 
times wonder whether the success along honest lines 
is sufficiently brought to the attention of the young 
men and women of today by their parents and guardians. 
If criminal operations of all kinds are in the future to be 
reduced in number, it will be necessary for parents to 
exercise a much more careful supervision of their chil- 
dren's education along moral lines. For, as I have already 
said, it is in the home that we must first undertake to 
teach them, by precept and example, and unless we suc- 
ceed in persuading our children in their early years, 
that honesty is not only the BEST policy, but the most 
successful and remunerative in the long run, we shall 
ultimately scarcely be proud of our record as law-abid- 
ing citizens." 

The " Golden Rule " in Business 
That it is not only possible, but entirely practicable, to 
conduct business successfully according to the equitable 
teachings of the New Testament, is being illustrated by 
the experience of the American Cast Iron Company, 
which has just elected Mr. John J. Egan — one of the 
wealthiest citizens of Atlanta, Ga., and a leader in various 
reform movements — as its president. The platform of 
the directors is of decided interest: "A reasonable living 
wage to the lowest paid workman; constant employment 
to every member of the organization; an actual appli- 
cation of the 'Golden Rule' to all relations between 
employe and employer." Altruistic service of the highest 
sort testifies to the company's sincere concern for its 
workers. A large industrial Y. M. C. A. building serves 
as a social center. Its staff includes physicians, a surgeon, 
a dentist and a nurse. A mutual benefit association, 
operated jointly by the company and the employes, ad- 
ministers necessary relief to workers in case of sickness 
and death. Recently a pension fund for old age and dis- 
ability has been established. The most cordial relations 
exist between the company and its workers, testifying to 
the fact that the considerate treatment of the employes is 
abundantly repaid to the management by faithful and 
unwearying service. 

Still Thinking of War 

Conscription of every person in the United States from 
eighteen to sixty years of age, in the event of another 
war, was strongly advocated by Secretary of War Weeks, 
in an address at the second annual reunion of the War 
Industries Board. In his annual report, Mr. Weeks out- 
lined a program of peace-time preparedness in excess of 
any hitherto officially put forward. As a sidelight — con- 
cerning the seriousness witli which the Budget Bureau 
regards the armament reduction agreement — the pro- 
gram of army and navy expenditures for the new fiscal 
year is quite illuminating. The neat little sum of ?786,- 
453,290.60 is to provide needed military equipment— a re- 
duction over last year of $27,930,851.18 . Apportioned to the 
one hundred and more millions of our population, the 
widely-heralded saving in war expenditures amounts to 
less than thirty cents per capita, as a matter of fact. 

Irish-British Treaty Ratified 

Ratification of the treaty, recently agreed upon, brought 
to an end, Jan. 7, the fight for Irish freedom, that has 
been waged for more than 750 years. The British parlia- 
ment has already unanimously approved the treat/. While 
the promoters of independence for Ireland had hoped to 
establish a republic, wholly separate from the mother 
-country, the final action, agreed upon— of creating the 
Irish Free State— will prove to be the best possible dis- 
position that could have been made. On the same foot- 
ing with Canada, Australia, and other dependencies, Ire- 
land can continue to enjoy the protection inherent to 
a powerful nation like Great Britain. Ireland's highest 
development, commercially and in every other way, will 
be made possible. If the energy, hitherto worse than 
wasted in strife and turbulence, is now devoted to con- 
structive endeavors, Ireland will become one of the most 
prosperous countries of Europe. 

A Clear Presentation 

At a recent session of the Executive Committee of the 
Federal Council of Churches in Chicago, one of the prin- 
cipal speeches was that of Dr. G. Sherwood Eddy. His 
denunciation of war is so forcible and clear-cut, that we 
take pleasure in quoting a part of his excellent address: 
"As I return from Europe, it is with the conviction that 
modern war, as a means of settling international dis- 
putes, is a monstrous moral wrong, for the following 
reasons: (1) Because of the inevitable wholesale de- 
struction of human life. Ten millions of the flower of the 
world's youth lie buried orr the battle-fields of Europe. 
Besides these, thirty millions of noncombatants have al- 
ready been killed by the five camp-followers of modern 
wars— further wars, revolution, hunger, famine and dis- 
ease. (2) Because of the enormous material loss, the 
waste and destruction of wealth, and the burden of debt 
left upon the nations, which has increased tenfold by 
the last war. Moreover, war mortgages the future, by 
the ever-increasing race for armament. Now, since Ger- 
many is disarmed, Europe has increased its annual ex- 
penditure for war, compared with the pre-war standard, 
three times. (3) Because war inevitably engenders 
hatred, cruelty, reprisals, atrocities and counter atroci- 
ties The propaganda of modern warfare victimizes the 
people on both sides, and leads to a loss of truth, and 
demoralization of victor and vanquished alike. We must 
be told an unbroken stream of enemy atrocities. Every 
unfavorable fact about ourselves and our allies must be 
silenced (4) Because modern warfare, as illustrated in 

The League Still Functioning 

While, amid the activities of the Great Conference at 
Washington, the very existence of the League of Nations 
has-been almost forgotten, that organization is still 
moving on, doing many things for world betterment and 
making many international adjustments that would be 
practically impossible without international cooperation. 
At the present time .one of the League committees is 
trying to bring about the world-wide observance of a 
weekly rest day of twenty-four hours in all industrial 
and commercial establishments, and the general adoption, 
in every nation, of Sunday as this weekly day of rest. 
Of special value will such a rest-day observance be to the 
working classes of nations that have never been favored 
with such a practice. China and Japan, especially, would 
thus confer a priceless boon upon their workers. The 
propagation of Christianity would also be materially 


Unquestioned Authority 

Just now, while renewed agitation clamors that wine 
and beer of low alcoholic content be permitted for medi- 
cal purposes, by special action of Congress, it is of 
interest to learn what reputable medical men have to 
say on the subject. In reply to a questionnaire, sent out 
by the "Journal of the American Medical Association," 
this conclusion was reached: "Neither whiskey, wine, 
nor beer is regarded as a necessary therapeutic agent by 
the great majority of 13,316 physicians in nineteen States, 
representing all sections of the country." The declara- 
tion is a most significant one, in view of the fact that 
heretofore the testimony of medical men, favoring the 
use of liquor, in cases of illness, has been given the 
widest publicity. Dr. Charles H. Mayo, one of the famous 
Mayo surgeons of Rochester, Minn., says : " Medicine 
has reached a period when alcohol is being displaced by 

better remedies." 

What They Think 

That the people of our country are heartily in favor 
of the Washington Conference and whatever it may ac- 
complish in the interest of peace, may be judged by the 
fact that over 12,000,000 persons have, over their own 
signature, declared themselves in favor of cither total 
or partial disarmament. Only 403 do not believe in any 
disarmament whatever. A most distressing feature of 
the great Conference, however, is evidenced by the per- 
sistent and powerful lobbies, that for some months have 
been operating in Washington against the very aims that 
the Conference is trying to reach. Powerful interests arc 
undoubtedly opposed to any very great reduction of ar- 
maments, and they are fully persuaded in their own mind 
that they want nothing that favors a new world order 
and the most amiable relations internationally. Con- 
fronted by such well-organized forces, public opinion, 
however great, can hardly hope to gain the day. 

A Disturbing Factor 

Cheered by the notable achievements of the great Con- 
ference at Washington, there were high hopes that other 
questions, not yet fully agreed upon, might be settled. 
Then came the cable message of Jan. 12, announcing the 
resignation of Aristide Briand as Premier of France. 
This came to the Conference on Armament Limitation 
very much like lightning out of a clear sky, for it had 
not been expected that this man of unquestioned ability 
and influence would find it necessary to yield to the op- 
position arraigned against him. The critical situation, 
thus brought about, is likely to have a great effect on 
decisions already reached, or about to be consummated. 
It is also believed, by Conference leaders, that the over- 
throw of the Briand ministry may greatly affect the con- 
templated Genoa Economic Conference, to which Ameri- 
can participation had been invited. Then. too. the value 
of the recent discussions at Cannes, France, is hkely to be 
seriously affected. It is likely that M. Sarraut. the 
French representative at the Washington Conference, 
will remain at the sessions, but he will naturally feel at 
a loss to make definite decisions, so far as Frances in- 
terests are concerned, until a new cabinet .s appointed 
and functioning. Latest reports announce the appo.nt 
ment of M. Poincare. former President of France, to the 
position of Premier, and that the selection of men for 
the new cabinet is already being effected. It is to be. 
regretted, however, that the French foreign policy of 
the new cabinet will probably nullify the conciliatory 
measures, so far attained at Cannes, "'V™*?™*"™ 
discussions, before the Genoa Conference for the econo- 
mic reconstruction of Europe is poss.ble Fears ar .en- 
tertained that all constructive moves, so far agreed upon 
D y the lading powers, will be invalidated by the upheaval 
in the French administrative circles. 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 21, 1922 


Supcrsllona for (ho Wwkly Devotional Meeting: Or for 
Prayerful. Private Meditation. 

A Decision We Shall Never Regret ' 

1 John 2: 15. (See alto 1 John 2: 14-25.) 
For Week Beginning January 20, 1922 

1. Introductory Thoughn.— (1) There are two contend- 
ing forces— heaven and earth— with man's soul as the 
stake. (2) Worhlliness, in the light of Hie lesson text, 
implies a passionate absorption in the things of time and 
sense. (3) " OTHERWORLDLINESS "— the disposition 
of mind urged by the apostle— means a proper enjoyment 
of this life, but ever subordinating it to the higher life. 
(4) Life at its best means the fullest exemplification of 
this "otherworldliness." Such a choice molds our char- 
acter and eventually determines our destiny. 

2. The Decision for "Otherworldliness" Demands Self- 
Control.— How disastrously the clamor for selfish grati- 
fication upsets our quiet sense of truth and right! As 
sure as we yield to the pleas of self-interest, a host of 
conflicting issues are aroused. Due to just that, are some 
of the most regrettable disasters of our life. For no 
truth is more evident and fundamental, as none is apt 
to be less familiar, than this, that sound, practical judg- 
ment is rooted deep in man's character, and that the 
moral qualities of unselfishness and sincerity are strong 
contributing factors to sagacity in life's affairs. Oftencr 
than we realize, perhaps, people break down and go 
wr01 , g _not so much from an imperfect knowledge of the 
route or direction, as because, at the outset, the balance 
of their judgment has secretly been shaken by some 
fault like selfishness, or the love of pleasure, or moral 
obstinacy. The undisciplined man is his own worst 
enemy. His lack of self-control bars him from any 
worth-while attainment spiritually. 

3. Our Decision for " Olhcrworldliness " Requires Self- 
Denial.— There are people who insist that man is wholly 
shaped by his environment, that each human being is 
simply the result of bis training and circumstances. 
They would have us believe that his moral and religious 
conditions are determined altogether through his heredity 
and his early training; that we are honest and pure, 
pious and orthodox, or just the reverse, according to the 
sphere in which we have played our parts, and the influ- 
ences which have given us breath and nourishment. Such 
persons insist, as a matter of fact, that we are simply 
pieces of plastic clay, with no credit or discredit attach- 
ing in ourselves for the shape we take. Such a sug- 
gestion is utterly disastrous and demoralizing. It is 
the excuse of the sluggish, the self-indulgent . and the 
wicked. It is a denial of will-power, of moral respon- 
sibility. It is a shutting-out of God!" And yet it becomes 
true enough where the mind is indolent, where the heart 
has no earnest purpose, and where life is fascinated by 
worldly attractions. 

4. Otherworldliness Is the Great Need of the Age. — 
Essayists, editors, preachers, teachers, sociologists, and 
the plain everyday folks are anxiously discussing the 
question: "What is the matter with the life of today, 
that it seems to be so barren and unsatisfying?" John, 
the beloved disciple, gave an answer, nearly nineteen 
centuries ago, that has never been surpassed in real 
worth. Earnestly he admonished his fellow-sojourriers : 
"Love not the world" — meaning the allurements and dis- 
tractions that lead men away from God. That is what 
ails men and women today — we love worldly things 
overmuch — their pomp and pride. We have become in- 
fatuated with worldly attractions. Many of us. in trying 
to go the pace, have lost our peace, our joy and our 
powcr. And with it all we are blind to the obvious fact 
that among the unhappiest persons on earth arc those 
who have obtained most of this world's gifts. 

5. Suggestive References. — God's Kingdom our first 
choice (Matt. 6: 33). The danger of worldliuess (Luke 8: 
14). The snare of earthly riches (Luke 12: 15-21). How a 
self-centered life came to naught (Luke 16: 13; 19-23). 
The "separated life" incurs the world's hatred (John 15: 
19). Looking to the things above (Col. 3: 2). To win the 
grace of God for ourselves, we must live ''soberly, right- 
eously and'godly" (Titus 2: 11, 12). The "inspiring ex- 
ample of Moses (Heb. 11: 24-26). Peter's advice insures 
safety (1 Peter 2: 11). 

Mysteries Plus Mysteries 

(Continued from Paic .IS) 

prepared for them that love him." And again, in 
Eph. 3 : 20, we read that God " is able to do exceed- 
ing abundantly above all that we ask or think, ac- 
cording to the power that worketh in us." This 
"power" is the indwelling of the Holy Ghost, which 
inspires the requisite faith. 

Oh, the infinite mystery of the glory of the resur- 

rection ! Were it not for the richness and sweetness 
of that promise, life would be hopeless, bleak, dark, 
desolate despair — just eating, drinking and dying. 

The "mystery of godliness " is the supreme mystery. 
"God manifest in the flesh [by his Son], justified in 
the Spirit [through the Holy Ghost], seen of angels 
[in the glory song of ' Peace on earth and good will 
toward men'], believed on in the world [by his 
apostles and disciples, and all those who believe on him 
through their word], and received up into glory [in 
the mysterious ascensionof our Lprd up into heaven, 
where he now sits at the right hand of God, continual- 
ly making intercession for us] ." 

Oh, the unsearchable riches of his grace, and his 
wisdom, and his glory, and his love — unsearchable, 
incomprehensible ! 

The crowning mystery is that of the personality 
of the Son of God. Judging from our knowledge of 
the process of generation, there was a time when he 
was not. It is said that " he was with the Father be- 
fore the world was," yet, unless the child can be as 
old as its father, there was a period when he did not 
exist. We will not pursue that thought further, be- 
cause nothing less than a specific revelation can add 
to our knowledge of that feature of his history. 

The mystery of his antenatal personality appeals to 
us forcibly. It is said that God made Adam in his 
image and likeness. That, I interpret to refer to the 
physical elements. 'We would infer that God's phys- 
ical characteristics and man's are identical. Even so, 
then, must we say the same with reference to his Son 
who is now our Elder Brother. 

Then the impenetrable mystery is: Why was it 
needful that he should be required to pass„through the 
natural human processes of generation — birth, baby- 
hood, boyhood, and manhood? Why should he ex- 
perience all the changes of growth — bodily, mentally 
and spiritually? It is said "he grew in favor with 
God and man, in wisdom and stature." And the eter- 
nal mystery — unanswered and unanswerable — appeals 
to our mental and spiritual senses with irresistible 
persistence. If he was equal with God, as St. Paul 
says, in Philpp. 2 : 6, why should that exaltation be 
suspended while he was "growing in wisdom "and 
stature " ? 

Such questions can be multiplied a thousandfold, 
but no response will ever come from mortal lips — 
simply because its answer is not essential to our de- 
velopment. We just close our mouths and open our 
hearts and believe. It may appear to us to be contra- 
dictory, or subversive of reason, but we have no 
warrant to question, nor to contravert anything con- 
cerning it. When I meet a contradictory statement 
in the Scriptures, or one seemingly void of reason, I 
pray for grace to believe, in spite of contradiction. It 
is possible to believe both sides of a contradictory 
statement, because the variance may be the result of 
our want of understanding, and our only relief is in 
the faculty of accepting, without question, everything 
that is written in the Immortal Book. 

We thank the dear Lord for the mystery of the 
blessed Gospel, and for the power of that faith which 
makes us the happy inheritors of its riches. 
Punt a Gorda, Fla. 

also to Sunday-school superintendents and teachers, song 
leaders, workers with children and young people in 
Christian Workers' Societies, Y. M. C. A., Y. W. C. A., 
volunteers for the home and foreign field, and all others 
who are interested in religious work or thought. 

As a slight suggestion of the excellent content of the 
course, a few out of- the one hundred and twenty-five 
sessions may be mentioned: "Child Psychology," 
" Characteristics of an Up-to-date Sunday-school," and 
"Vacation School Methods," by Bro. Ezra Flory ; "Prob- 
lems of Church Administration," by Bro. Charles D. 
Bonsack; "The Religions of China," and "Medical Work 
in Our China Missions," by Dr. O. G. Brubaker ; "Prepa- 
ration and Program of the Country Pastor," by Bro. 
Homer E. Blough ; "Christian Education," by Bro. A. J. 
Brumbaugh; "The Christian Ministry," by Dr. M. W. 
Emmert; "Practical Ethics," by Dr. M. M. Sherrick; 
"Church Music," by Bro. Roy Dilling; "An Evening with 
the Stars," by Dr. L. S. Shively; "The Farmer and His 
New Day," by Robert C. Clark; "Suggestions for Plat- 
form and Pulpit," by W. Arthur Cable. 

Every one who is wide-awake to his opportunities 
realizes his lack of training for the things which he is 
trying to do. This Bible term of two weeks should in- 
crease his ability and enlarge his resources manifold. 
There is also an inspiration by coming into contact with 
the peopde at the College, and with those from the various 
other churches of the Districts, all of whom are interested 
in the same things. Incidentally, the College, founded 
eighty-three years ago, has many points of special in- 
terest to visitors. Projects and demonstrations carried 
on in the greenhouse and on the" college farm by the 
department of agriculture, will be particularly interest- 
ing to people from the country. The D. L. Miller li- 
brary of 3,000 volumes, donated a few years ago to 
Mount Morris College, will claim much interest and at- 
tention. The College Library also houses the relics 
and curios, collected by Eld. Miller on his trips abroad. 
These collections enable one to understand better the 
customs of the people in the time of Jesus. The 30,000 
volumes of the Abraham Harley Cassel library are owned 
by Mount Morris College. These books and pamphlets — 
all the productions of previous centuries — contain price- 
less works from the time of Martin Luther, four hun- 
dred years ago. 

No tuition charged for attendance at the Special 
Bible Term. Lodging will be provided without charge. 
The only item of expense will be board, which may be 
obtained in the College Dining Hall or elsewhere in 
town. Many are urged to take advantage of this rich 
season of seed-time and harvest. Each congregation in 
the Districts, owning Mount Morris College, should make 
a thorough canvass to see how many of their members 
will come and pay their own car- fare and board, and 
should then arrange for the church to pay part or all 
expenses of several others. W. Arthur Cable. 


• Wr 

and : 

the churches 


The Special Bible Term of Mount Morris College will 
begin on Sunday, Feb. 5, and end on Sunday, Feb. 19. 
The visiting instructors will be Bro. Charles D. ' Bon- 
sack, Secretary of the General Mission Board, Bro. Ezra 
Flory, Secretary of the General Sunday School Board, 
and Dr. O. G. Brubaker, returned missionary from China. 
Members of the faculty of the College will ably supple- 
ment the program. Bro. Homer E. Blough, of Linden- 
wood, 111., will give several lectures on the rural church 
and its work. Bro. Frank E. McCune, pastor of the 
Mount Morris church, will preach an evangelistic sermon 
each evening during- the first week, succeeded by Bro. 
Bonsack during the second week. 

We wish it were possible to give here an adequate 
idea of the rich and varied nature of the program. It 
is adapted not only to both city and rural pastors, but 


We tried to make the 1921 Sunday-school Institute the 
best we have ever held and we are very glad to state that, 
in the judgment of all who attended, this was realized. It 
was held in the Trotwood church, Dec. 26 to 30. This 
church, under the direction of their efficient elder and 
pastor, Bro. D. M. Garver, cared for the meeting in such 
a way that all were made to feel like returning some other 
time. The weather was mild, the roads were fine, and 
the people came long distances to get the benefit of the 

Bro. E. B. Hofr, of Bethany, who is always interesting 
as a Bible teacher, and Bro. H. K. Ober, of Elizabethtown, 
Pa,, who is known far and wide in the lecture field, gave 
such valuable and interesting teaching and instruction in 
the Sunday-school lessons and the work of the Sunday- 
schools generally, that all felt amply repaid for attending 
the Institute. Bro. D. W. Boyer, of Manchester, had 
charge of the Musical Institute. His help in this work 
was elevating and inspiring. In addition to the regular 
work of the Institute, there were several Primary Teach- 
ers' Conferences, by which these teachers received much 
help. There were about 500 in attendance each day. 
They came for Monday evening and remained until the 
close of the Institute. 

One year ago, at our Institute, we decided to put on a 
" Chapter Reading Campaign" for the year 1921. A very 
interesting part of the work, this year, was seen in the 
reports of the readings. About two-thirds of our schools 
entered this campaign and achieved wonderful results. 
One of the schools reported that a sister, seventy-one 
years of age, had read the Old Testament through twice, 
and the New Testament and Psalms three times during 
the year. Several other schools reported that individuals 
had done considerable reading also. The three schools 
"that had read the largest number of chapters report as 
follows: Donnels Creek, a total of 79,981 chapters. Ac- 
cording to the enrollment of their school, this would make 
an average of 615 chapters for each one enrolled. Circle- 
ville, one of our mission points, was next with a total 
of 30,183 chapters, or 335 chapters for each one in their 
school. New Carlisle, with a total of 52,809 chapters, 
made an average of 163 chapters for each one enrolled. 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 21 , 1922 


The total number of chapters, read by all the schools 
during the year, was 465,159. -Our people decided that 
they wanted the good work to continue, and we shall 
keep up the chapter reading throughout all of the year. 

We are grateful to our Heavenly Father for the bless- 
ings of this Institute. We trust that all our schools will 
be benefited, and that they will continue to advance in the 
work of our Master. A. H. Weimer. 

Versailles, Ohio. 


Our series of meetings, conducted by Bro. M. S. Frantz, 
closed Dec. 18. Bro. Frantz preached twenty-two Gos- 
pel messages, fearlessly denouncing sin and offering sal- 
vation on Gospel terms. Nineteen made the good con- 
fession — fourteen being baptized and five restored. 

Dec. 11 was a full day of service, with a basket dinner 
served in the basement of the church. During the week 
of Dec. 14 — the day of our special District MeetingT-a 
number of ministers and members of the Northern Dis- 
trict of California were with us, adding interest and en- 
thusiasm to the services. Bro. Geo. C. Carl and wife, 
of Portland, were with us in the services for over a 
ivcek, while here visiting. Dec. 18 was another full day 
of service, with baptism in the afternoon. In the even- 
ing, instead of the Christian Workers' program, we had 
graduation exercises for the five members of our teacher- 
training class. Bro. Frantz then gave us his closing dis- 
course, " Full Salvation." 

Dec. 19 we held our love feast, with Eld. F. E. Miller 
officiating, assisted by Eld. Jacob Deardorff, of the Water- 
ford church. The membership was well represented. 
After the communion services, an election was held for 
:i minister, the result of which will be made known at a 
future date. On Christmas Day, instead of public wor- 
ship, we will have consecration services for the newly- 
i lected officers and teachers of our Sunday-school. Jan. 
1-3, Prof. D. W. Kurtz, of McPherson, Kans., is to give 
some of his lectures and Bible teaching. 

John W. Vetter. 


Dec. 8 the writer called a joint business meeting of the 
Mission and Sunday-school, and as an outgrowth of the 
steps taken, during the last quarter of 1921, a number of 
it<?ms came up for consideration. Sunday-school officers 
for the ensuing year were chosen, with Bro. Ira Walker, 
superintendent. Other officers were chosen and another 
class formed, making four in all. It was decided to hold 
quarterly business meetings, during the year, the next 
one being in March. 

Since our Sunday-school was organized, Oct. 2, the 
enrollment has increased from nineteen to about sixty, 
which is encouraging. The Paramount Attendance Card 
system is now in use, which, we believe, is not only an im- 
provement over the old method of keeping records, but 
with the card punch, in evidence, is an incentive to better 

On the afternoon of Dec. 25 our Sunday-school rendered 
a special service in keeping with the spirit of the day. 
Parents of some of the the children were present for. the 
first time. There are indications that at least some of 
these parents and others will later attend the Sunday- 
school and preaching services. 

We hope to plan for a series of evangelistic meetings 
some time during the coming spring. We feel that al- 
ready there are persons attending our mission services 
who are seri6usly impressed with "the fundamental 
evangelical doctrines of the inspiration of the Word of 
God, as accepted and taught by the Church of the Breth- 
ren," and are only waiting for an opportune time to join 
us. F. D. Anthony. 

Belle Vernon, Pa. 

The brethren and friends were invited also, to help in a 
" wood-chopping bee " for Bro. Robt. Nedrow. The noon 
hour was spent in prayer for the Peace Conference and 
dinner was -served to all — thirty-two being present. 

Bro. Ira Arnold and family, returned missionaries from 
India, have been in our midst for the past three months, 
visiting his father, Bro. D. T. Arnold. We enjoyed many 
good talks and sermons by both Brother and Sister Ar- 
nold. Bro. Arnold gave a Btcreopticon lecture on India, 
which was appreciated and enjoyed so much that it was 
repeated. Each Sunday, while Bro. Arnold was here, he 
brought some relic from India" or China and talked a few 
moments about it to the Sunday-school. 

Thanksgiving Day we had an all-day missionary meet- 
ing, with a bounteous dinner at noon. A collection was 
taken for the Emergency Fund. Zilpha Campbell. 

Ludlowvitle, N. Y. 


We began the New Year with a sermon by Bro. Robt. 
Medrow, on the subject, "The Past, the Present and the 
Future." We closed our year's work with a Christmas 
program and treat for the Sunday-school children, and 
services on Christmas day. Church council was held Dec. 
9. Eld. John Herr, of Myerstown, Pa., with the help of 
his assistant, Eld. Robt. Nedrow, presided. Officers were 
elected and plans made for the ensuing year. Brethren 
Elmer Arnold and Charles Weibley are our Sunday-school 
superintendents. The Sunday-school has been moving 
along nicely, with an average attendance of thirty-eight. 
We begin the New Year with two organized classes. 

The Sunday-school enjoyed a visit from our assistant 
District Secretary, Bro. S. H. Hess, in the summer. Rev. 
Prank Anderson, of Auburn, has also made us several 
much appreciated visits and given lectures on Sunday- 
school work. 

A series of meetings, held by Bro. L. H. Eby in June, 
closed with a love feast, which gave much encouragement 
*o the membership. 

Twelve of our number motored to Annual Meeting at 
Hershey. They gained much inspiration from the meet- 
ing and realized much joy from the trip. - 

Our'Aid Society met Nov. 11 with Sister P. O. Sprout. 


Kearney church met in business session Dec. 7. Church 
officers were chosen as follows: W. P. McLeltan, elder; 
W. J. Neal, church clerk; Ross A. May, Sunday-school 
superintendent; Zorah McLcllan, Christian Workers' 
president; Mary F. May, correspondent. 

Nov. 10 Bro. M. E. Stair and D. G. Couser were with us, 
when Brethren S. M. Forney and Wilford Robbins were 
elected to the ministry. On Thanksgiving Day wc met at 
the church for special service, with a sermon in the morn- 
ing and a program in the afternoon. Wc had invited 
some of the poor to eat dinner with us in the basement of 
the church, and nearly 100 were present. Then wc gave 
them food to take home. 

Christmas Day was observed by a special program in 
the morning. Wc gave the children a treat of oranges, 
apples, popcorn balls and candy. Basket dinners were 
sent out the day before. Our Sewing Circle has been 
kept very busy in making clothes and bedding for the 
poor. A number of families are in very destitute cir- 
cumstances. We try to visit them each week or two, to 
see just what they are in need of most. Wc can not hope 
to give them all they need, but arc trying to keep them 
from suffering. We have made and given away fourteen 
comforters. Some families wc furnished with bedsteads 
as they were sleeping on a pile of straw. We have more 
calls for bedding than we are able to furnish at this time. 
Stockings and shoes are needed very much. I called at 
one place where the mother was cooking a kettle of field 
corn for their dinner. They had no bread. The town 
is helping a larger number than ever before. Many men 
have no work. Some' who have never had to live on 
charity, do not ask the town to help them. By aiding 
these people we are able to keep the children in Sunday- 
school, and we are hoping and praying that the efforts put 
forth now, to help these unfortunate ones, will bring forth 
fruit to the honor and glory of God. Mary F. May. 


Summit church met in council Dec. 31, with Eld. J. T. 
Click presiding. We were also very much gratified to 
have Eld. B. H. Craun, who has been in ill health for 
some time, present. One letter was granted and three 
were received. The congregation decided to adopt the 
method of sisters breaking the bread and passing the cup 
to one another, at communion service. The old method 
has been used up to the present time. 

The Glade Sunday-school having been placed in the 
hands of volunteers at a previous council, Bro. D. L. 
Evers volunteered to superintend it during the spring and 
summer sessions. We decided to adopt the Layman 
Movement as our method of caring for our finances during 
1922. A committee of seven was appointed to carry out 
the plan, with Bro. S. J. CHne, chairman. 

Our Sunday-school has grown to such an extent that 
we sorely feel the need of more rooms and a move is on 
foot to supply the need at the earliest possible conven- 
ience. We are starting the graded lessons in our school 
through all departments, up to the seniors. Bro. D. L. 
Evers was elected superintendent for the year. 

Our visiting pastor, Bro. M. J. Craun, gave a very inter- 
esting and encouraging report of his work during the 

Our church received, during 1921, for running expenses, 
charity, etc., $3,650.25. Bro. J. T. Glick was elected elder 
in charge for 1922, with B. H. Craun. assistant. We took 
a collection Jan. 1 for Russian Relief work, which 
amounted to $39. Mattie F. Wise. 

sacred place because of our devotion, presence and con- 
secration. During the noon hour a basket dinner was 

At 2 P. M. Eld. Carl conducted a consecration meeting. 
At 8 o'clock he delivered a sermon on "The Lord's 
Prayer." We have been holding our services in a rented 
church, which long ago grew too small. We now have 
a basement 40 by 60, electrically lighted, and have room 
enough to invite our friends to worship with us. Our 
church building is free from indebtedness. In the near 
future we plan on building the next unit. An oppor- 
tunity was given the audience to help in raising funds 
to build. Our aged Sister Kauffman presented the church 
with a large Bible. 

Bro. Carl labored with us for over three weeks. He 
preached thirty sermons and five were added to the 
church, His meetings were full of interest, and the 
church was strengthened by his earnestness. He visited 
many non-Christian'homcs in our vicinity. We held our 
love feast Dec. 5, with Bro. Carl officiating, assisted by 
Bro. Miller, of Patterson. 

We met in council Dec. 29, with Eld. J. W. Deardorff 
presiding. The following officers were elected: Elder, 
Bro. Deardorff; clerk, Bro. Dayton McMullen; "Mes- 
senger" agent, Bro. Glenn Bashor; correspondent, the 

Dec. 30 Bro. Snell, our District Secretary, gave us a 
sermon on the Lord's Prayer. Mrs. Robt. Kennedy. 


Sunday, Nov. 13, will long be remembered by the mem- 
bers of the Watcrford church as a day of rejoicing and 
praise, on the occasion of the dedication of the new 
church basement. Before ten o'clock members came 
from Empire, Patterson. Modesto and Live Oak, to join 
us in our services; 195 were in attendance during the 
Sunday-school session. By eleven o'clock the basement 
was filled with an attentive audience. Bro. G. C. Carl, 
of Portland. Ore., delivered the dedicatory sermon. He 
impressed upon his listeners the fact that God supplies 
the needs of his people and that the church becomes a 


Bro. Wm. F. Spidlc was born in Woodbury, Bedford 
County, Pa., died Dec. 19, 1919, aged sixty-two years, 
soven months and nineteen days. His death was due to 
nervous prostration: He was confined to his bed for 
four weeks and most of the time was in a semiconscious 
condition. During his conscious hours he continually 
talked of the spiritual welfare of those about him, and 
spoke many times of the members of the church where he 
last presided, and where he preached his last sermon 
in October. 

The greater part of his life was spent in Bedford and 
Blair Counties. He taught school for thirty years, be- 
ginning at the age of sixteen years. He was an active 
member of the Brethren Church for forty years, being 
elected to the ministry in 1905. Up to the time of his 
last sickness he never refused to preach or minister to 
those with whom he came in contact, but gladly told the 
message of love and salvation to any who would receive 
it, He last presided at the Gciger Memorial church, 
Philadelphia, Pa., serving at that place two years. Ow- 
ing to failing health he resigned at the expiration of that 
time, and had decided to make his home in Akron, Ohio, 
that he might be with his children. After a brief rest 
he expected to enter the evangelistic field and was al- 
ready engaged where he had held protracted meetings 
at a previous time. He was a firm believer in the "all 
things" of the Bible and taught it that way. He many 
times said that those who wanted to die in the Church 
of the Brethren, should not be ashamed to live accord- 
ing to her principles and doctrines, as taught in the 
Word of God. His life in the home was an exemplary 
one, being that of a loving husband and father, who 
was willing to make many sacrifices for the good of his 

The winter previous to his death he was called upon 
to deliver a sermon in another church in the city, and 
after much persuasion consented to do so. It was ad- 
vertised and in the meantime, through being exposed 
almost daily to influenza, by visiting those of his church, 
he contracted the disease. He was not able to stand 
alone, or walk, at the time he was to preach, but out of 
a desire not to disappoint his audience, he delivered the 
sermon sitting down. Many considered it the most spir- 
itual and uplifting sermon he had ever preached. 

He leaves his wife, Mary Grabill, and ten children. He 
died at the home of a daughter, Mrs. Flora Shoop, and 
was buried near the Springfield Brethren church. Akron, 
Ohio. Flora L. Shoop. 

Akron, Ohio. *"*"• 


The Bible and Sunday-school Institute of Southern Illi- 
nois was held at Girard, beginning on Monday evening, 
Dec. 26, and continuing until Thursday evening. There 
were ten sessions of two hours each, and five sessions of 
story-telling for the children. 

Bro. J. Hugh Heckman, of Chicago, 111., discussed 
some lessons from the Book of James and on Christian 

Bro. Ezra Flory, of Elgin, 111., discussed subjects per- 
taining to the Sunday-school and child training. 

On Wednesday evening Bro. Finnell gave an illustrated 
lecture on the evils of the cigarette. 

Each forenoon and afternoon the children enjoyed 
stories told by several of the primary workers of the 
District. There was an average attendance of forty chil- 
dren; also a number of adults each hour. 

Over two hundred persons registered, but quite a few 
did not, All those who had the privilege of being present. 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 21, 1922 

enjoyed a rich feast, gained much inspiration and went 
back with a determination to help their school come up to 
a higher standard during the coming year. 

As visitors, we appreciated very much the splendid way 
in which the people of Gtrard entertained us. 

Miss Edith Buhb, 

Astoria, 111. Dist. Sunday-school Secretary. 


The forty-first session of Hridgewater College is prov- 
ing one of the best in the history of the institution. The 
college enrollment is larger than ever before, and the 
quality of work being done by students is excellent. No 
conditioned students were admitted to college last fall 
and consequently there have been fewer failures than 
ever before, The new chemistry and home economics 
laboratories, and additional equipment to the biological, 
■ physical, geological and agricultural laboratories, have 
put a new spirit and new standards into all our science 

The new heating plant is in full operation, supplying 
a superabundance of heat and hot water to all buildings. 
Cooking is also done by steam and the new steam laun- 
dry is in full operation. The college barn is now com- 
pleted and the bud of dairy cows supplies wholesome 
milk for the students. Cattle arc also fed on the farm 
and the college table is supplied with fresh meat regular- 

Fofir years ago Hridgewater College started the Train- 
ing School program in the church and this year another 
advanced step is being taken. It was found that the 
Training School was falling short of its high purpose in 
that young people in high school and college could not 
enjoy its advantages. Hence, the training school idea 
at the college has been abandoned and a series of about 
fourteen community schools has been planned for the 
Bridgewater region. Eight of these were held during the 
Christmas holidays. In this way it is planned to bring 
the good things of these schools within reach of the 

For the training school at the college there will he sub- 
stituted a four-day Ministerial and Bible Conference. 
This will be held Feb. 22-25. The program is full of good 
things for student, teacher, layman and preacher. This 
will be largely of an inspirational character. 

The annual .Farmers" Institute will be held Feb. 8-10. 
The State Agricultural College will supply able instruc- 
tors. The local high school, which is one of the Smith- 
Hughes schools, will cooperate with the college in con- 
ducting this Institute. These Institutes have always been 
largely attended and this is expected to be one of the 
best yet held. 

We are now approaching the semester finals. The 
second semester will open on Tuesday, Feb. 7. A num- 
ber of new courses will start at that time. Several 
young people expect to enter for the second semester. 

We are glad to report a good sentiment for education 
in our region and the college is ever winning a larger 
and larger circle of faithful and loyal friends. 

Mattie V. Glick. 

Notes From Our Correspondents 

(Continued from Page 37) 
vegetables and meat, which were placed in baskets and distributed 

to the needy and shut— _ 

Christmas program was Riven Dec. 25 to a well-filled house.— Alice 

Kint, Hutchinson, Kans., Jan. 3. 

Independence.— Nov. 20 we had the pleasure of hearing Eld. A. C. 
Daggett preach again. His topic was, •" Six Steps to the Throne.' 
Bro. Daggett is an able speaker and proclaims the Word with power. 
Dec. 11 Eld. G. W. Holmes preached two stirring sermons. Dec. 25 
Bro. J. B. Denney delivered an able sermon in the morning on the 
subject, "The Unspeakable Gift," which was certainly an inspira- 
tion to all. Dec, 27 the church met in council, with Eld. W. H. 
Miller in charge. He was retained as elder in charge for this year. 
Bro. A. B. Corn was elected clerk; the writer, correspondent; Bro. 
C. A. Clinc, Sunday-school superintendent; Sister Elizabeth Com. 
"Messenger" agent; Bro. Cline, trustee for five years. New Year's 
morning wc had 104 at Sunday-school, after which Bro. E. O. Pyle, 
of Chicago, delivered an able sermon on the subject, " God's Reve- 
lation to Man, and Man's Response."— Pclla Carsou, Independence, 

Newton City church met in council Dec. 29, with the pastor, Bro. 
J. D. Schmidt, presiding. Church and Sunday-school officers were 
elected: Elder. Bro. J. J. Yoder; clerk. John Dudte; trustee. John 
Ramsey; "Messenger" agent and church correspondent, Candace 
Snoebcrgcr; Sunday-school superintendent, Murl Miller. Our Christmas 
exercises were held on Christmas evening, consisting of " White 
Gifts for the King," also special music, recitations and a reading by 
Sister Schmidt. Our gifts amounted to $53.96, to be used for va- 
rious missionary activities, as decided upon by the different classes. 
Our pastor and family were also remembered with a nice amount 
of money and a variety of provisions. The first Sunday of each 
month in 1921 was designated as Missionary Day by the Sunday- 
school and the collection set aside for some special purpose. On New 
Year's Day wc decided to send the amount, which was $44, to our 
Home Mission Board— Mrs". Lizzie A. Lehman, Newton. Kans., Jan. 2. 

Sabatha.— Bro. S. A. Y'odcr and family spent the holidays in 
Sabetha, and Bro. Yodar gave several splendid talks during that 
time. On Christmas morning several of our students, home from 
college, gave us interesting talks. Bro. Paul Yoder delivered the 
Christmas message. His theme was: "The Christmas Spirit." 
The Sunday-school gave a splendid program in the evening, with 
special music. Bro. Roy Kistner has consented to be our pastor 
for the coming year. He has been delivering some inspiring 'and 
helpful massages. As a result, four have been received into the 
church by baptism. The various churches of tHe town observed 
the week of prayer by having union services, with the pastors 
exchanging pulpits— Mrs. John Heikes, Sabetha, Kans., Jan. 3. 


Cty»tal church held a council Jan. 7. with Eld. D. E. Sowers in 

charge. Bro. Sowers was elected elder for another year; Ruth 

Shrider, superintendent; Floyd Bollinger, church correspondent. 
Wc npnointed a missionary committee, whose duty it is to create 
missionary sentiment and advertise the church's activities. Some 
plans were made to remodel our church building. A committee 
of five was appointed to investigate plans and expenses, to be pre- 
sented to the church in the near future, prior to the -work of re- 
building. The writer was chosen to act as a committee, to cor- 
respond with some minister to conduct evangelistic services for the 
coming year.— Floyd Bollinger, Carson City, Mich., Jan. 9. 

Detroit church met in council Dec. 3, with Bro. C. L. Wilkins 
presiding. It was decided to elect the Sunday-school officers for nine 
months, so as to have the Sunday-school year start Oct. 1 h*«- 
after. Bro. J. P. Gmhrie was chosen superintendent; Bro. M. B. 
Williams, superintendent of the Chinese Sunday-school; Bro. Luther 
Williams, president of Christian Workers. A great interest is be- 
ing taken in our Chinese Sunday-school, which meets each Sunday 
evening. Eight Chinese boys have been baptized and one is now 
preparing to return to his native country. Dec. 25 a very enter- 
taining program was rendered, which consisted of a play. When 
the King Came." and some choruses from a cantata. Wc also ob- 
served the White Gift service, in response to which $84 in money 
and $50 worth of books for our library were received. Pledges 
amounting to $50 have been received toward buying books for the 
library. New Year's Day a special consecration service was held 
for our new officers and teachers. This was deeply impressive and 
a spiritual incentive to all present. In the evening Bro. Lovejoy 
gave a missionary address during the Christian Workers hour, 
which we all enjoyed.— Mrs. Walter Gordon, Detroit. Mich., Jan. 6. 
Grand Rnpid» church had a union Thanksgiving meeting. The 
Sunday-school took up an offering of $32.80 for the Emergency 
Fund. Some of the classes also gave dinners to needy families. 
At Christinas time the Sunday-school gave a pageant: "No Room 
in the Inn." The church was filled to its capacity. The service. 
"White Gifts for the King," was used. About ten baskets were 
taken to needy families, and an offering also was taken. We have 
had very instructive prayer meetings recently. The Mission Study 
Class, organized for young people, is progressing nicely. Our new 
church and Sunday-school officers and teachers, elected at the -last 
council, were installed last Sunday by a very impressive service. 
The " Messenger " has been placed in our public library. Brother 
and Sister Smith are very busy people, and have made more than 
150 calls already.— Mrs. Katy Register, Grand Rapids, Mich., Jan. 3. 
New Haven.— We observed Thanksgiving Day by having services 
at the church. Wc have reorganized our Aid Society for another 
year, with Sister Altic Emrick as president. Dec. 31 Bro. Bollinger 
presided over our quarterly members' meeting. Bro. Geo. Emrick 
was reelected a member of the finance committee for three years. 
Bro. Virgil Long was chosen as our Sunday-school superintendent. 
The church decided to have a scries of meetings sometime this 
summer. Several reports were read, which gave evidence that the 
church is striving to do good work Jan. 1 Bro. Bollinger delivered 
a splendid sermon, which was very practical and much appreciated. 
In the evening wc organized a Christian Workers' Meeting, with 
Allie Emrick as president.— Mrs. Grace Sherrick, Middleton, Mich., 
Jan. 6. 

Sugar Ridge.— Thanksgiving and Christmas were fittingly observed 
with suitable programs at the church. On Christmas night the 
"Holy Night" pantomime was carried out, which vividly por ; 
trayed the birth of Christ. Jan. 7 we met in members' meeting, 
with Eld. .Krcidcr presiding. Seven letters were granted. A num- 
ber of church officers were elected. A Vacation Bible School was 
talked of. but deferred for further consideration— Mrs. H. C. Royer, 
Custer. Mich., Jan. 9. 

Zion.— Our revival meetings, which began Dec. 25, closed Jan, 1, 
conducted by Bro. I. G. Blocher, of Bethany Bible School. He 
preached eight inspiring sermons. The weather was ideal, which 
insured a good attendance.; Bro. Blocher and our elder, Bro. W. 
H. Good, spent the day in pastoral work, visiting in more 
than thirty homes of the members, as well as the friends of our 
church. In more than half of this number, prayer was offered. 
Christmas evening the children of our Sunday-school rendered a 
program, consisting of recitations, songs and dialogues.— Neva 
Martindale, Prescott. Mich.. Jan. S. 

Jowett.— We met in council December 31, with Eld. J. W. Swallow in 
charge. Four letters were granted. Bro. Swallow was chosen elder 
in charge for the coming year; Sister C. Swallow, clerk. Four cor- 
respondents were chosen, one for each branch as follows: Sister 
Shcrland, Town Line; Sister Smith, Malmo; Sister De Young, Clear 
Lake; the writer, Jewet. Bro. W. Thomas was reelected Sunda.y- 
school superintendent. Bro. L. Smith was chosen to the ministry. 
He is superintendent at Malmo. He and his wife have been earnest 
Sunday-school and church workers at that place. Brother and Sis- 
ter De Young were chosen as deacons; both are church workers at 
Clear Lake.— Estclla Thoman, McGrath, Minn., Jan. 2. 

Root River church met in business session Dec. 30. Bro. R. H. 
Cox was reelected elder for "another year. Our Sunday-school opened 
Jan. 1, with Frank Broadwater, superintendent. This year the 
Sunday-school Board elected all the teachers. It was decided that 
the Christian Workers' Society elect its own officers. Dec. 11 Bro. 
John Hcckman, of Polo, III., was with us in the interest of the 
Educational Movement.— Mrs. Jessie P. Tammel, Preston, Minn- 
Jan. 9. 

Broadwater church met in council Dec. 17, with Bro. M. R. Zigler 
in charge. Sunday-school and church officers for the coming year 
were elected, with Eld. W. T. Price in charge of the church; Bro. 
Roy Swinger, superintendent; Bro. Sherman Jones, church trustee; 
Martha Swinger, " Messenger " agent; Sister Elma Swinger, cor- 
respondent. Bro. Zigler gave us a fine talk Dec. 18. He has found 
no one to take charge of the cnurch yet, hut wc pray that some 
one will soon answer the call.— Elma Swinger, Essex, Mo., Jan. 4. 

Cedar Fork.— We held our regular council Dec. 10. with Eld. James 
Mohler presiding. Bro. C. A. Lentz was elected elder for the coming 
ywr. Our Sunday-school was discontinued until April 1, and it was 
decided to take up Bible Class work every Wednesday night through 
the winter months instead. Sister Inez Long was installed as dea- 
con's wife. Sister Violet Long was elected "Messenger" agent; the 
writer, correspondent. — Erraa Sproat, Warren sburg, Mo., Jan. 3. 

Deepwater church met in council Jan. 7, with Eld. Simmons pre- 
siding. Brother and Sister Simmons stayed with us over Sunday 
and Bro. Simmons preached three fine sermons. He was reelected 
elder for another term.— Lizzie Fahnestock, Montrose, Mo., Jan. 8. 


Kalispell church met in business session Dec. 31, with Bro. Harp 
presiding. One letter was received. Church and Sunday-school 
officers were elected for one year, with Bro. Levi Learn, church trus- 
tee for three years; Sister Ollic Harp, "Messenger" agent; Sister 
Stauffcr," church clerk; the writer, correspondent and Sunday-school 
superintendent. Bro. Harp was reelected elder, but as he will not 
be with us through the summer months, he did not accept. Votes 
were then taken for a foreman and Bro. Guy Kao was chosen. It 
was decided to hold revival meetings in June.— Nellie Kao, Creston, 
Mont., Jan. 2. 

Milk River Valley church met in council Dec. 17. with Eld. J. A. 
Brumbaugh presiding. One letter was granted. Sunday-school 
officers were elected for the coming year, with Bro. J. J. Peters, 
superintendent.— Mrs. Saloma Peters, Kremlin, Mont., Dec. 23. 

AIvo church met in a called council Jan. 8, with Eld. M. E. 
Stair in charge. On account of the vacancy caused by the death 
of our former churoh treasurer, Bro. C. D. Rasp, Bro. Geo. Hard- 
nock was chosen in his place. The church is expecting to hold a 
revival meeting sometime next fall, if an evangelist can be secured. 
We also decided to have a Vacation Bible School next summer.— 
J. L. Snavely, Alvo, Nebr., Jan. 9. 

Red Cloud.— The services at our church on Christmas Day were 
of especial interest. Bro. Clarence Eshelman had charge of the 
morning service. In. the evening an excellent Christmas program 
was given by the Sunday-school, under the direction of Sister 
Frantz, which was much enjoyed by a full house. On New Year's 
Day the Sunday-school hour was taken to reorganize our school. 
Bro. H. Thomas was reelected as superintendent. The Sunday- 
school is alive and doing good work. Our church is growing under 
the leadership of 3ro. Harrison Frantz. We have passed a very 
good year, but we arc looking forward to better things this year. 
— E. S. Fitz. Red Cloud, Nebr., Jan. 7. 


Clovis church met in council Dec. 27. Officers were elected as 
follows: Elder, Bro. S. E. Thompson; clerk and correspondent, 
Minnie B. Rodes; trustee and Ministerial Committee. A. J. 
Rodcs; Sunday-school superintendents, A. J. Rodes and C. A. 
Brunk. Superintendents were also chosen for the Junior, Pri- 
mary, Home Department and Cradle Roll. Sister Mary Schnell 
was chosen president of the Christian Workers' Society. Wc will 
probably have a series of evangelistic meetings by the pastor 
during March.— Minnie B. Rodcs, Clovis, N. M-, Dec. 31. 

Miami church met in council Dec. 31, with Bro. Frank Gibson pre- 
siding. Church officers were elected for the coming year: Bro. Ira 
Lapp, elder; Bro. Frank Fox, clerk; Sister Leona Gibson, "Messen- 
ger " agent; the writer, correspondent. The White Gift for the 
King service, rendered on Christmas Eve, was full of inspiration. A 
chorus of voices, under the direction of Mr. John Janzen. rendered 
some splendid music. The offering amounted to $18.50 and will be 
used for missionary work. One was lately received into the church 
by baptism. Our pastor brought us a great New Year message, 
full of hope for the work of the year before us, and urging us to re- 
solve to do more work.— Mollie Bolingcr, Miami, N. Mex., Jan. 3. 


Ellison church met in council Dec. 27, with Eld. Bruce Williams 
presiding. Three letters were granted. Sunday-school officers were 
chosen, with Bro. Dallas Burkholder, superintendent. The attendance 
at both Sunday-school and preaching services has been good this 
winter. Bro. Lewis Hyde has been retained as pastor until Oct. 1, 
1922. We are having some very enjoyable and profitable Aid Society 
meetings. Wc will continue to meet once a week during. the winter 
months.— Mrs. Lewis Hyde. Rock Lake. N. Dak., Jan. 1. 


Bear Creek church met in council Jan. 3, with Eld. J. W. Beeghly 
presiding. We were well served by the visiting ministers. The 
church chose Bro. Parker M. Filhrun as pastor. Feb. 4 we expect 
Bro. Strohm to give an illustrated lecture on the cigaret.— Bessie M. 
Filbrun, Dayton, Ohio, Jan. 3. 

Bradford church begins the New Year with encouraging pros- 
pects. During the series of services at Harris Creek, conducted 
by Bro. J. A. Robinson, eight were received into fellowship 
by baptism and restoration. On Christmas Day one was restored. 
On New Year's Day Elders John M. Stover and S. E. Porter, our 
resident elders, began a scries of services at the hall, in which wc 
conduct our regular services. The presence of the Spirit was mani- 
fested from the first, when one decision was made, and at the 
close of the first week seventeen applied for membership. The 
attendance at Sunday-school Jan. 8 was 165, with an offering of 
$17.52, which is credited to our building fund. Our sisters gave us 
cause for added rejoicing at this service, when they publicly pre- 
• sentcd a certificate of deposit for $500 to our building fund.— J. E. 
Overholser, Bradford, Ohio, Jan. 8. 

Cedar Grove.— Jan. 8 Bro. Sylvan Bookwalter gave us a splendid 
message on the subject:* "The Inevitable Death of the Soul That 
Sinncth." He showed us that we may not only have to suffer, 
but our children also,- Children sometimes surfer for the sins of 
their forefathers.— Mrs. Onier Pierson, New Madison, Ohio, Jan. 9. 

Eagle Creek.— We have just closed a two weeks' series of meetings, 
conducted by our pastor, Bro. J. J. Anglemyer. The services were 
well attended and seven were baptized. Sister Sara Freed led the 
song services. On Thanksgiving Day wc held a union meeting in 
the Methodist church. An offering was taken for a needy family. 
On Christmas Day ' the Primary, Junior and Intermediate Depart- 
ments gave a program, after the morning services. Dec. 31 we met 
for our yearly business meeting, with Eld. G. A. Snider presiding. 
The following officers were elected: Bro. J. J. Anglemyer, elder and 
pastor; Bro. Cloyce Pore, Sunday-school superintendent; Sister Alice 
Donaldson, president of the Aid Soeicty; the writer, "Messenger" 
agent and correspondent.— Pearl Rodabush, Williamstown, Ohio, 
Jan. 5. 

Grcenspring church met in council Dec. 3, with Eld. H. V. 
Thomas presiding. Our Sunday-school officers for the coming year 
were chosen, with Logan Miller, superintendent. A committee of 
five was chosen to make plans for our third Vacation Bible School. 
This church regrets the fact that Ralph Wise and family have moved 
from our District. Mrs. Wise was one of our most able church 
and county workers. Dec. 18 our series of meetings began, with 
Brother and Sister J. W. Norris, of North Manchester, as evangel- 
ists. We enjoyed the rich Bible truths, as presented by Bro. 
Norris. We received into the church, hy baptism, four Sunday- 
school scholars of the Junior Department; one was reinstated. Dec. 
27 and 28 Brethren Schwalm and Schultz, of North Manchester, held 
a Bible Institute. From them we learned wonderful truths from 
the Sermon on the Mount and on "Teachers and -Teaching."— Mrs. 
A. F. Sellers, Grcenspring, Ohio, Jan. 6. 

Troy.— The revival meeting, conducted by Bro. Hugh Miller, 
of this church, closed Nov. 19, with a love feast. Five young peo- 
ple were baptized. All who attended these meetings were drawn 
closer to God by the Spirit- filled messages and the sacred songs. 
The church met in council Jan. 5. with Eld. G. A. Garst presiding. 
New officers for the coming year were elected as follows: .Clerk, 
Jude Grisso; Sunday-school superintendent, Chas. Brill; "Mes- 
senger" agent and correspondent, Opal Seeker. A Christian Work- 
ers' Society was also organizcd.-Opal Seeker, Troy, Ohio, Jan. 6. 


Big Creek church met in council Dec. 15, -with Eld. J. W. Sala 
presiding. Officers for the Sunday-school and Christian Workers' 
were elected, with Sister Oma Holderread, superintendent; Bro. 
Chas. Kinzie, president; Bro. Andrew Holderread, " Messenger " 
agent; the writer, correspondent. The Sunday-school made use of the 
service. " White Gifts for the King," on Christmas night to a large 
audience. This was very impressive. The gifts amounted to $47.40. 
Our Sunday-school and church services have held up fine in at- 
tendance during the winter months. One has been baptized since 
our last report.— Nellie B. Holsingcr, Ripley, Okla., Jan. 2. 

Thomas church met in council Dec. 22, with Bro. Jacob Apple- 
man presiding Officers were elected for the year: Bro. Applcman, 
elder- Sister Stutzman, church clerk; Bro. B. F. Stutzman, Sunday- 
school superintendent; Sister Addie Ennes, Christian Workers 
president; the writer, correspondent. A singing class was organ- 
ized to be instructed by Sister Dora Cripe. It will meet twice a 
week. The love feast, held Oct. 23, was enjoyed by all.— Sisie M. 
Hostetler, Thomas, Okla., Jan. 7. 


Newbcrg church met in council Dec. 31. with Eld. S. P. Van Dyke 
nresiding. Two letters were presented. Officers for the coming 
year were elected: Elder. S. P. Van Dyke; clerk, Sister Lollie 
Wilsey trustee, Bro. F. D. Baron; correspondent and "Messenger" 
agent Eliza J. Moore; Ministerial Board. Brethren Albert Reed 
and John Wilsey, and Sister Sarah Van Dyke; Missionary Com- 
mittee Sister Elsie Reed and Bro. Albert Reed; Sunday-school su- 
perintendent. Sister Eliza J. Moore; Christian Workers' president. 
Sister Lulu Burkctt. Our Sunday-school gave a program Christ- 
mas evening, after which an offering of $12 was taken for the 
Near East Relief. Our Thanksgiving offering of $36 was sent to 
the General Mission Board.— Eliza J. Moore. Newberg, Ore., Jan. 4. 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 21, 1922 


Portland.— At present our pastor, Bro. J. U. G. Sliverson, is hold- 
ing revival meetings at Olympia, Wash., and is assisted in the 
work by his daughter, who is conducting the song service. During 
his absence the pulpit will be filled by the brethren from the New- 
berg congregation, Bro. S. P. Van Dyltc filling the first appoint- 
ment. The church voted to secure Bro. Geo. Strycker, of Canada, 
to assist in revival meetings, the exact date to be decided later. 
Sunday-school and Christian Workers, as well as preaching serv- 
ices, are well attended, and we have a bright outlook for a pros- 
perous year's work.— Grace W. Hewitt, Portland, Ore., Jan. 2. 


Beachdale church met in council Dec. 31, with our pastor, Eld. 
D. K. Clapper, presiding. Wc elected the fottowing officers: John 
H. Hcntz, trustee; Verda Long, clerk; Eld. Clapper. "Messenger" 
agent; the writer, correspondent. Wc also held a meeting a week 
before, and elected the officers of the Sunday-school, with Bro. John 
H. Hentz, superintendent. The Sunday-school is moving along 
very nicely and hopes to do a greater work this year than last. 
—Mrs. Fred W. Brant. Garrett. Pa., Jan. 8. 

Claar church met in council Dec. 31. Our three elders, F. C. 
Dively, Taylor Dively and Samuel Wcyant, were present, Bro. F. C. 
Dively presiding. The following officers were elected : - Presiding 
elder, F. C. Dively; assistants, Taylor Dively and Samuel Wcyant; 
secretary, the writer; Sunday-school superintendent, Samuel Weyant. 
During the year there were thirty -one additions to the church by 
baptism and we lost three members by death. Our total collec- 
tions for church and Sunday-school were over $750. We have a 
good, progressive Sunday-school. Our avenge attendance was 104 — 
the largest average wc have SO far attained. Our former pastor, E, 
G, Diehm, of Youngstown, Ohio, paid us a much appreciated visit, 
coming Dec. 18 and remaining till after Christmas. A fine Christmas 
program was rendered, which was well received. On Christmas Day 
we treated the Sunday-school. We have an evergreen school, and 
nearly everybody attends — parents and children going together. AH 
Sunday-school scholars stay for preaching services, which are con- 
ducted by our elders alternately. Wc have no intermission between 
church and Sunday-school.. The future outlook for the church cer- 
tainly is promising. Wc have fifty on the Cradle Roll.— E. F. Claar, 
Klahr, Pa„ Jan. 2. 

Elizabethtown church met in council Jan. 5, with Eld. S. H. 
Hertzler presiding. Two members were received by certificate. 
It was decided to enlarge the room, occupied by the Primary De- 
partment. We expect to start an Intermediate Department in 
February, with Sister Mary Reber in charge. We have united the 
Sunday-school and Christian Workers' Society into one organiza- 
tion — the Sunday-school officers being in charge of both. Jan. 8 
a liberal offering was lifted for relief work in Russia and Phila- 
delphia.— E. R. McDannel, Elizabethtown, Pa., Jan. 9. 

Fairview church (Georges Creek congregation) met in council Dec. 
17 and Jan. 2 with Eld. C. M. Driver presiding. Officers were elected 
for the year: Bro. Driver, elder and pastor; Bro. D. F. Lcpley, secre- 
tary; the writer, "Messenger" agent and correspondent; Bro. F. F. 
Durr, Sunday-school superintendent. We closed our Sunday-school 
with a good program which was well attended. Bro. Walter Fretts 
is president of our Christian Workers' Meeting.— Haddic F. Merry- 
man, Masontown, Pa., Jan. 3. 

Hanover.— Bro. Walter Thomas, of Elizabethtown, Pa., preached 
■in inspiring sermon on Sunday morning, Dec. 11. The Sunday- 
school rendered a program on Christmas evening, consisting of 
dialogues, recitations and a cantata entitled, "From the Heights 
of Glory." An offering of $50 was lifted in the morning for the 
Near East Relief. Wc met in council Jan. 4, with Eld. Daniel 
Oowser presiding. One letter was granted. Bro. Claude Miller 
was elected superintendent of the Sunday-school; Bro. Jacob E. 
Myers, president of the Christian Workers' Meeting; the writer, 
correspondent. Members were elected for the Child Rescue, 
Temperance and Missionary Committees. We decided to secure an 
evangelist to conduct a series of meetings. We will hold our love 
least May ?.— Mary A. Rhinehart, Hanover, Pa., Jan. 7. 

Heidelberg congregation met in council Dec. S, at the Heidelberg 
house, with Eld. John Herr presiding. Four certificates were granted. 
Dec. 10 Bro. J. L. Myers, of Loganvitle, commenced a series of 
meetings for us and labored earnestly for two weeks, closing on 
Sunday evening, December 25. During these meetings seven openly 
stood for Christ and will be baptized Jan. 14.— H. F. King, Lebanon, 
Pa., Jan. 3. 

Hosteller church (Greenville congregation) met Dec. 31 in regular 
business session, with Eld. Jacob Peck presiding. Bro. J. W. 
Weiglcy was chosen elder; Bro. W. J. Shultz, secretary; Sister 
Grace Albright, "Messenger" agent; the writer,- church correspond- 
ent. The following were elected on the Ministerial Board: W. J. Shultz, 
W. A. Miller and F. C. Lint.— Mae Hostetlcr. Sand Patch, Pa., Jan. 3. 

Locust Grove church met in council Dec. 18, with Eld. Jerome 
E Blough presiding. We elected our church and Sunday-school 
officers for 1922: Bro. Blough, elder; D. C. Ribblett, clerk and 
"Messenger" agent; the writer, correspondent; W. C. Berkebile, 
superintendent of the Sunday-school. Ira Berkebile, F. F. Fyock 
and F. G. Ribblett were retained as pastoral committee.— Elizabeth 
Ribblett, Johnstown, Pa., Jan. 9. 

Lower Cumberland.— Bro. W. K. Conner, of Harrisburg, Pa., held 
a two weeks' meeting for us at the Pleasant View house, using 
his chalk talk each evening, which made the meetings very in- 
vesting. Bro. E. S. Rowland, of Hagcrstown, Md„ gave us a 
two weeks' series of meetings at the Boiling Springs house, preach- 
ing able sermons. Two were added by baptism. Later two more 
were baptized. We held our council Dec. 10, with Bro. Wm. 
Murphy presiding. Our Christmas exercises were held here at 
Mechanicsburg on Christmas evening.— Elsie M. Lininger. Mechan- 
icsburg, Pa., Jan. 5. 

Maiden Creek.— Dec. 4 our church opened a series of meetings, 
which closed Dec, 18, conducted by Bro. Michael Kurtz, of Richland, 
Pa. The services were well attended and the members were all up and inspired. Two accepted Christ and were baptized.— 
Ldwin Earnst, Centcrport, Pa., Jan. 8. 

Parker Ford.— Our Christmas season began at 5 o'clock Christmas 
morning when we sang carols through the village. Since our custom 
of caroling begun, a number of people have told of the good it has 
done them. It not only brings the Christmas spirit to the hearers, 
but also to the singers. After caroling, a short service was held in 
the church, when our pastor, Bro. Dixon, spoke from Isa. 9. At 
nine o'clock a combination service of Sunday-school and church was 
held. The White Gift service being our custom, sixteen baskets were 
sent out to the sick and shut-ins. Christmas night the children 
entertained us in a very creditable manner. New Year's Eve we 
held our council. Sunday-school and Christian Endeavor officers 
were elected. A short social time was eujoved, and from eleven 
Jo twelve a watch night service was held, with prayer and very 
Helpful testimonies. The closing year proved to be one of spiritual 
and financial blessing.— Edith Pennypacker, Parker Ford, Pa.. Jan. 3. 

Philadelphia (First Church).-Dcc. 8 Dr. F. H. Green gave us a 
splendid lecture on "The Four Verbs." Our pastor's wife, who 
has charge of the Young People's Division of our Sunday-school, 
"as worked hard in building up that department. Nov. 20 they 
took charge of the Sunday-school exercises, with Scripture read- 
me and prayer. Six young people gave one-minute talks on "Why 
Christians Should Be Happy." Dec. 20 the Primary and Junior De- 
partments of the Sunday-school gave a cantata and Christmas pro- 
gram. The collection, amounting to $14.16, was part of the White 
£'» offering. Since June they have given $20 towards missions. On 
nstmas Eve our young people sang carols to the shut-ins. This 
,s always much appreciated.-Mrs. Wm. H. B. Schnell, Philadelphia, 
^a- Jan. 4. 

Red Bank church met in council Dec. 17, with our pastor. Bro. 
}■ L. Bowman, presiding. Officers for 1922 were elected: Bro. 
Z. Shumaker, Sunday-school superintendent; the writer, church 

our young people. We have secured Bro. Galen B. Royer, of Hunt- 
ingdon, to hold a series of meetings for us during the latter part 
of June.— Narcissa Ferguson. New Bethlehem. Pa,. Jan. 4. 

Richland church met in council Dec. 3, with Eld. Michael Kurtz 
presiding. Bro. Harrison Gipc was elected superintendent of the 
Richland Sunday-school, and Bro. H. M. Frantz, of the Millhach 
school. The writer was appointed church correspondent. All other 
church officers were reelected. Ten certificates of membership 
were received and two were granted. The various department » 
of the church gave very encouraging reports. A liberal contribu- 
tion to the Near East Relief was lifted on Christmas Day. Jan, 8 
wc closed a very interesting and inspiring two weeks' series of 
meetings at the Millbach house, conducted by Bro. Thomas Pat- 
rick. The attendance and interest were splendid throughout. At 
each service we listened to inspiring messages, under the direction 
and guidance of the Holy Spirit. One stood for Christ. We decided 
to hold a series of meetings at the Richland house, with Bro. 
Harrison Gipc as evangelist, beginning Jan. 28.— Laura S. Frantz, 
Richland. Pa.. Jan. 9. 

Riddlesburg church met in council, to elect officers for this year. 
Bro. J. P. Harris was reelected elder and pastor, and granted a 
leave of absence for a reasonable length of time. Bro, Shannon 
Wyant was chosen superintendent of our Sunday-school; Sister 
Olive Oaks, president of the Christian Workers' Society. One of 
our aged members. Emily Oaks, was buried Jan. 3,-J. N. Cogan. 
Riddlesburg. Pa.. Jan. 9. 

Trout Run church met in council Dec. 31, with Eld. Wm. M. 

Knopsnider presiding. The following church officers were elected: 

(Continued on Page 48) 

GUTHRIE, OKLA.-Our Aid Society held 3S meetings, with an 
average attendance of 7. Wc made 6 comforts, S quilta and 33 
garments, which were given to the poor. We sent a box, valued at 
$.17, to the Old People's Home at Darlow, Kans.; a box to the new 
hospital at Bethany; 1 comfort to the poor; helped different sis- 
ters make 25 garments and canned fruit for one sister. We sent 
$25 to the Chinese sufferers; $5 to Vacation Bible School; $1 to Dis- 
trict Secretary; bought new carpet for the pulpit; dried apples and 
canned tomato«s to give to the poor. Expenses, $76.13; balance in 

ry, $14.80. Officers: Sister Clara Dodd, President; the writer, 

-Eula Seabolt, Guthrie, Okla,, Jan. 4. 

Secret ary-Treasurt 


clerk and corresponding secretary. Our Sunday-school __. 

a very good program on Christmas morning. We have organized 

a Christian Workers' Meeting, which, wc hope, will be helpful to 

BEAVER CREEK, VA.— The Junior Aid Society held twelve meet- 
ings; enrollment, 29. Quite a few garments were made, some of 
which were sold and some sent to the Orphans' Home. We have 
also a number on hand. Collections at regular meetings, $12.96; 
stain remover sold, $6.25; amount cleared at oyster supper and 
white sale, $72.65; we paid out $9.75 for table and vases for the 
church; for the Orphans' Home. $4.50; for a home mission worker, 
$2; coal for family, $8.2S; flowers. $9.50. L. S. Yoder, $10; on hand. 
$60.18. Oct. 8 wc gave the children at the Orphans' Home at Tim- 
bervillc, Va.. a surprise basket dinner. Officers: Sister Mary Coff- 
man. President; Stella Click, Vice-President; the writer. Secre- 
tary; Virgic Hess. Trcasurcr.-Vernie Miller. Bridgewater. Va.. 
Jan. S. 

CHAMPAIGN, ILL.— Report of Aid Society: Wc held 2 bazaars, 
3 exchanges and 2 ice cream socials. Wc did the janitor work, 
which saved $30. The 2 socials brought enough to buy 3 tons of 
coal; the 2 bazaars brought $81.45; 3 exchanges, $50; total earnings, 
$295.95. We sew and do anything our hands find to do. Officers: 
President. Sister Alice Kitson; Vice-President, Sister Ethel Fabert; 
Secretary-Treasurer. Sister Mary Christner.— Marjamic McCIflrd, 
Champaign. III.. Dec. 4. 

CLEARWATER, IDAHO.— During 1921 we held 12 meetings, with 
an average attendance of 5. We made 7 caps, 12 handkerchiefs, 3 
comforters, 9 holders, 3 quilt-tops and 1 quilt. Cash on band, $18.88. 
We decided to give $5 to the Near East Relief. Officers: President, 
Sister Ellen Shcidler; Vice-President, Sister Mollie Harlacher; Treas- 
urer, Sister Ida Detrick; Secretary, the writer.-H.izcl Garrison, 
Lenore, Idaho, Dec. 28. 

EGLON, W. VA.— During the year 11 meetings were held, with an 
average attendance of 10. One all-day meeting was held at the 
Orphans* Home, sewing for the children. One day wc spent in 
house-cleaning for a sister who was ill; another day was spent 
making comforters for the Orphans' Home. We received from Sister 
Yost, 4 comfort -tops, 1 comfort-covering, $2 in cash, and 6 hand- 
embroidered towels; from the Maple Grove Vacation JJible School, 
1 comfort top, pieced by the children; from Sister Moses Fike. 1 
comfort top. Wc received cash for house-cleaning, $10; extracts, 
$17.20; for knife-sharpeners and rust-remover, $11.77; from sales of 
towels, prayer-coverings, etc., $54.28; comforts, $8; total, $101.25, 
We paid out for vanilla, $14.13; for 1 bonnet, §1; for materials, $12.54; 
to Aid Society foreign mission fund, $40; total, $67.67; balance. $33.5B. 
We donated to Orphans' Home 26 garments. 6 comforts, 1 blanket; 
1 comfort to a brother and sister in need. Officers: Virgic M. Fike, 
President; Effa Harsh. Vice-President; Etta Bitlinger, Secretary- 
Treasurer.— Virgic M. Fike, Eglon, W. Va., Dec. 29. 

ELIZABETHTOWN, PA.— We held 26 meetings with an average at- 
tendance of 10. Wc made 15 bags, 27 aprons. 10 dust-bonnets. 110 sun- 
bonnets, 2 comforters and 12 quilts. We also sent a small box of cloth- 
ing to a needy family in Clarence. Pa., and a box of old and new cloth- 
ing. valued at $35, to the Bethany Mission, Philadelphia. Con- 
tributions: For support of missionary work in India and China, 
$50; to District Secretary for China Hospital and India Girls' 
Boarding-school, $18; to Bethany Sanitarium, $100; Annual Meet- 
ing offering, $25; Emergency Fund, $5; needy family in Eliza- 
bethtown, $35; blinds for Elizabethtown College, $11.50; receipts for 
year, $367.55; expenditures, $259.60. Officers: President, Sister Mary 
Hertzler; Secretary, the writer; Treasurer, Sister Nannie Griffith. 
—Elizabeth Nye, Elizabethtown, Pa., Jan. 3. 

EPHRATA, PA.— The following officers served during the year: 
President, Sister Emma Hildebrand; Vice-President, Sister Emma 
Seltzer; Secretary, the writer; Treasurer, Sister Alice Taylor. 
Twelve meetings were held, with an average attendance of 12. 
The articles made during the year are: Aprons, 308; dusting-caps, 
31; sun-bonnets, 124; quilts, 79; 8 quilted articles for a bedroom; 
comforters, 34; Easter novelties, 13. We purchased 200 Scriptural 
calendars, also postcards and mottoes, a large number of which 
have been disposed of. Meals were served at 30 funerals. We gave 
$10 to Sister Carper, the evangelist's wife; $15 to a needy sister; 
$200 to World-wide Missions; $50 for equipping a bed in China 
Hospital; $100 to the payment fund; $100 to the chair fund of 
the church; $100 to Bethany Bible School, Chicago; $10 to the Head- 
ing church for Vacation Bible School; $10 to a needy sister; $25 
to Bro. John Graham; $300 to the Emergency Fund; $50 to the 
Hastings Street Mission, Chicago. On Thanksgiving Day we re- 
membered the aged, sick and shut-ins with various gifts. Cut 
flowers were given to 3 persons, 3 baskets with dinners, 20 bas- 
kets of assorted fruit, nuts, candy and cakes were distributed in 
the town, 7 baskets were given to members at the Brethren Home 
at Neffsvillc, and oranges and apples to a widowed sister; $15 to 
the Baumstown Mission; $15 to each of our four ministers as a 
Christmas gift. A box of clothing was sent to Bethany Mission, 
Philadelphia, to be distributed among the poor at Christmas. At 
present there are 66 members who pay a monthly fee of 5 cents. 
Balance in hand Jan. 1, 1921. $652.55; donations. $12.66; dues. $26.26; 
receipts, $1,703.51; total, $2,394.98; expenditures, $2,018.81; balance. 
$376.17.— Gertrude R. Shirk, Ephrata, Pa., Jan. 3. 

FLORA, IND.— Report for 1921: Number of members enrolled, 
56; number of meetings held, 48; average attendance, 18. Quilts 
made, 35; quilt-tops pieced, 9; comforts knotted, 9; garments made, 
30; prayer-veils, 8; markets held, 7. We served one lunch at a 
sale and four dinners. Money received during the year, $916.13; 
paid out, $808.75; balance on hand, $107.38. Officers: President, Jane 
Clingenpeel; Vice-President, Maud Alabaugh; Secretary -Treasurer, 
Maud Richardson— Maud Richeson, Flora, Ind- Jan. 3. 

GOSHEN, IND.— The Rock Run Aid Society held 12 alt-day 
meetings, with an average attendance of 14, and an average collec- 
tion of $5.88. We donated flowers, clothing, bedding and shoes to 
members of our home congregation, valued at $62.52. We sent 6 
boxes of clothing and bedding to different missions— total value, 
$68.20. We gave $18 to the Aid Society foreign mission fund; 
$37 to the Bethany Hospital; $1 to the District Secretary. Dona- 
tions to Aid Society in cash, $42; and in clothing and new material. 
$15.95; total received, $141.50; expended, $135.31; on hand, $6.64. 
Officers: President, Sister Phoebe Gibson; Vice-President. Dora 
Pletcher; Secretary-Treasurer, the writer.— Rose Leer, Goshen. 
Ind., Jan. 4. 

JONATHAN CREEK. OHIO—Rcport of the Sisters' Aid Society: 
We held 12 meetings during the year, with an average attendance 
of 11, There were 50 children and 75 visitors attending. We have 
26 members enrolled. Our work consisted of making aprons, bon- 
nets, prayer-coverings, quilts and comforts. We also did some 
sewing for needy families. Money in treasury, Jan. 1, 1921 $9 66- 
reecived during the year, $133.40. Of this amount $22.74 was 
realized from the sale of stockings; $55.58 from aniclcs sold and 
fees; $15 from Easter egg offering; $22,75 collected at meetings- $7 67 
birthday offerings. We sent $25 to China Hospital and India Board- 
ing-school; $15 to a needy sister; $fi to a missionary; $7.20 for plates 
lor the church; $15.57 for wall paper for parsonage; $19.55 for win- 
dow blinds for the parsonage; on hand, $20.54. Officers: President, 
Mary Snider; Vice-President, Belle Klinglcr; Secretary, Laura Wine- 
OT T TrcasxitCT - Della Hclser.-Laura Wincgardner, Somerset, 

LAKE RIDGE. N. Y.-During the past year wc held nine all-day 
meetings, with an average attendance of 8. Our work consisted of 
making comforts and comfort-tops, from the sale of which we re- 
ceived $7.7S; sewing. $2.90; coverings sold, $3.05; aprons, $5.70; pillow 
tops, etc, $1.55; offerings. $20.55; total, $41.50; balance, $18.28 We 
contributed to China relief fund, $6; to District Secretary, $15; to 
tireless cooker fund for Elizabeth Arnold in China, $5; to Emergency 
Fund, $5; (or materials. $5.24; total, $36,24; balance, $23.54. The Aid 
Society did some Red Cross work. We also sent a box of cloth- 
ing, consisting of 26 pieces to the Brooklyn Mission, N. Y. Dur- 
ing the winter months the brethren accompany the sisters to their 
meetings, and much work is done in the way of chopping wood, 
husking com. etc. Recently they finished 25 book-racks for the 
church. Officers: Sister Zilpha Campbell, President; Sister May 
Kemi, Vice-President; the writer, Secretary-Treasurer.— Martha 
Wetbly. Ludlowville, N. Y., Jan, 3. 

LA PLACE, ILL.— During the year we held 17 meetings, with an 
average attendance of 8. Amount in treasury at beginning of year 
$31.59; amount received, $209.38. We gave for missionary purposes, 
$96.88; local expenses, $54.66; balance, $92.43. Our work consisted 
of quilting, making comforters, prayer-coverings, sun-bonnets, 
serving lunches at public sales, sewing for the needy and making 
clothing to send to the Home. Officers; President, Estella Arnold; 
Vice-President, Dora Shivcly; Secretary-Treasurer, Lue Cripc.— 
Estella Arnold, La Place, 111., Jan. 3. 

LEWISTOWN, PA.-Report of Sisters' Aid Society: We held 44 
nil-day meetings, with an average attendance of 12; enrollment. 
33. We quilted 25 quilts and made 14 comforts, 126 aprons, 50 sun- 
bonnets and numerous other articles. Dues received, $34.85; dona- 
lion-,, $5.57; for articles sold. $323,82. We gave $60 to foreign 
missions, $30 for hospital in China; $30 for Girls' School in India; 
$20 to Juniata College endowment fund; $75 toward pastor's support; 
$15 tu Y. M, C. A.; $30 to church treasurer; $24 to parsonage fund; 
S149.52 (of material. Officers: President, Mrs, H. A. Spanoglc; 
Wee-President, Mrs. Delia Bender; Secretary, Mrs. Edith Wolf- 
gang; Treasurer, the writer.— Mrs. John Brcningcr, Lcwistown, 
. Pa„ Jan. 5. 

MAPLE GROVE, KANS.-Rcport of Aid Soci«ty: Number of 
meetings held, 9; average attendance, 5, Wc made 18 bonnets, 24 
prayer-coverings; 21 garments, 2 quilts, one comforter, and served 

6 lunches. Amount received, $275.25, We paid $60 toward our 
Vacation Bible School; $50 to the Old Folks' Home; $25 toward our 
pastor's salary; to mission tn Georgia, $10; flowers, $1.50; mis- 
ccllaneous, $113.47; amount on hand, $15.28, Officers: Sister Price, 
President; Sister Miller, Vice-President; the writer, Secretary- 
Treasurer.— Anna Chcesman, Norton, Kans., Jan. 3. 

McPHERSON, KANS.-Our Sisters' Aid Society held 20 meetings 
during the year; average attendance, '). Wc made 12 comforts and 

7 quilts; sold 3 comforts and 2 quilts; donated 5 comforts and 5 
quilts; made and sold a number of aprons, stm-bonncts and prayer- 
coverings, Wc gave to church building fund, $500; China hospital 
fund, $25; India Girls' School, $25; Old Folks' Home, $25; foreign. 
aid fund, $30. Wc sent 6 sacks of clothing to Old Folks' Home, and 
5 sacks to Hutchinson Mission; served two banquets; received $9 
in donations. Officers: President, Sister Rinda Showalter; Vice- 
President, Sister Ida Haugh; Secretary-Treasurer, the writer.— Sadie 
Drcsbcr, McPhcrson, Kans., Jan. 2. 

MECHANICSBURG, PA.— The Aid Society held 52 all-day meet- 
ings; average attendance, 10; visitors, 53. We quilted 18 quilts, 
made 8 comforts and 13 bonnets. Our total income for the year was 
$129.98; wc gave $38 to foreign missions. $26 to home missions; 
$27.38 to needy people in the neighborhood; $11,29 for material; 
total, $105.67; balance. $58.65; in the bank. $50; total, $108.65. Officers: 
Sister Lizzie Derrick, President; Sister Erne Stambaugh, Vice- 
President; Fairy Hershman, Secretary-Treasurer— Mary J. Long, 
Mechanicsburg, Pa., Jan. 7. 

MT. SOLON, VA.— Report of Moscow Aid Society, Elk Run congre- 
gation: Wc organised July 14. 1921, with a membership of 14, which 
has since increased to $22. Officers: President, Sister W. W. Cox; 
Vice-President, Sister C. W. Zimmerman; Secretary, the writer; 
Treasurer, Sister Emma Simmons, We have held six meetings 
with an average attendance of $14. Our work consisted of malting 
aprons, bonnets, prayer-coverings, pillow-cases, etc. We have also 
made one comfort. Dec. 10 we had a sale of these articles and 
served a dinner, from which we received $32.41; other articles sold, 
collections and donations, $17.51; paid out for material, $11.25; cloth- 
ing for a sister, $5. A sunshine box, containing 27 packages, was 
given to an afflicted sister, — Bessie Kanost, Secretary, Mt. Solon, 
Va., Jan. 2. 

NORTH MANCHESTER, IND.— During 1921. with an average 
attendance of 22, our Aid Society held 14 all-day, 13 half-day and 
5 special meetings. We also held 2 markets, served the meals for 
the Sunday-school Conference and 3 sale dinners. Dec. 29 the 
members served dinner at the church to 97 of their friends— the 
husbands being invited. Our work consisted of making 118 pillow- 
cases, 18 sheets, 14 table-cloths, 14 dust-caps, 10 bonnets, 8 aprons. 
comfort-blocks, 12 comforts, 15 quilts, besides family sewing and 
two days' mending for the college dormitories. One hundred and 
one garments were donated. We gave considerable clothing to the 
Near East Relief; 2 boxes of clothing to Marion Mission; 2 boxes 
of clothing to Chicago Mission; one box of clothing and one of 
shoes to the Mexico Home; also a number of garments to several 
needy families at home. Receipts: Carried forward from 1920, 
$151.18; interest. $60; for work, $60; articles sold, $49.80; offerings, 
$66.61; from solicitors, $34.44; markets, sales, etc., $186.55; birthday 
offerings, $21.72; summer assembly, $543.17; total, $1,174.07. Ex- 
penditures: India Share Plan, $100; China Share Plan, $100; China 
Relief, $50; Forward Movement, $50; Annual Conference offering, 
$25; Emergency Fund, $50; District building fund. $100; Rosa 
Kaylor Memorial fund, $25; home poor, $69.28; two sisters, S30; sis- 
ter in Arkansas. $40; a student, $12.71; flowers for the sick, $7.20; 
bills lor summer assembly, District dues. etc.. $333.50; total. $992.69; 
cash on hand, $181.38. Officers: Sister Laura Driver. President; 
Sister Esther Burkett. Vice-President; the writer. Secretary^ Sister 
Pearl Mummcrt, Treasurer.— Carrie Kraning, North Manchester, Ind., 
Jan. 3. 

NEMADJI, MINN.— Report of Aid Society from Dec. 31. 1920. to 
Dec. 31. 1921: Number of meetings held, 10; average attendance, 
7 Carried forward, $13.84; collections. $24.63; for ksotting com- 
forters. $3.50; comforters sold, $15.50; donations, $1.75; dress and 
aprons sold. $4.95; total, $64.17. Expenditures: Bible for member 
of Home Department, $1.75; District fee. $1; quota to Forward 
Movement, $6; China famine relief. $5; "Messenger" to six families, 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 21, 1922 

$4.25; church porch, $5.87; painting church floor, $9,S0; delegate's 
expense to District Conference, $5; Christmas treat for Sunday- 
school children, $2; material for garments donated, $2; materials, 
ffl.22; total, $50.59; balance. $13.58. Officer*: President, Sister 
Harriet Harper; Vice-President, Sister Wickline; Socrctary-Treas- 
urer. the writer— Elizabeth S. Nelson, Barnum, Minn., Dec. 31. 

OAK GROVE, VA.— Report of Sisters' Aid Society, Lebanon con- 
gregation: During 1921 we held 12 regular and 3 all-day meetings, 
with an average attcnance of 10. Wc made prayer-coverings, com- 
forters, counterpanes, aprons, towels, etc. Balance on hand from 
last year 518.15; free-will offerings, $42.53; birthday offering, $7.17; 
prayer-coverings, $11.85; special offering. $15.35; Larkin goods, 
$20 63- extracts, $19.25; goods sold, $11.85; Peerless goods, $14.50; 
pie and cake sale. $15.41; donation, $1; total. 5177.69. We paid out 
for benevolent purposes. $36.50 to China relief; $25 to India Share 
Plan- S5 to Mary Quinter Hospital, $25 to Forward Movement; $Z.50 
to Bro Hoffcr; $2 for " Messengers "; 510 to Orphans' Home, Tim- 
berville Va ; $10 lor electric washer. Old Folks' Home. Timberville; 
total, 5H6. Expenditures. $141.89; balance, $35,80. We sent $25 worth 
of food and clothing to the colored orphans, Staunton, Va., and $15 
worth of food aod clothing to Orphans' Home, Timberville; also a 
box of bedding valued at 520. to Old Folks* Home. Timberville. We 
gave a set of pillow cases and a comforter to a needy family. 
Officers: President. Sister Josie Cline; Vice-President, Sister Kate 
Clinc; Treasurer. Sister Mary Wine; Secretary, the writer.— Anna 
Wine, Mt. Sidney, Va., Jan. 2. 

OCTAV1A, NEBR.— Report of Ladies' Aid Society from July 1, 
1921 to Jan 1, 1922: We held 6 meetings, with an average attend- 
ance ol 12. Balance from last year, $31.39; offerings, $7.17; fine 
fees, $3; membership fees, $4.75; coverings sold. $3.55; donation. 55; 
for guilting. 511.25; from sale in November. 513037; paid out for 
supplies, $27.87; balance, $134.S7.-AUce Keller, Secretary. Octav.a. 
" Ncbr.. Jan. 6. 

PINE CREEK, ILL.— Our Aid Society was organized in December, 
1920 with 14 members. Officers: Mrs. J. W. Fyock, President; 
Mrs M. Alice Knipplc, Vice President; Mrs. Ernest Schmidt, 
Treasurer; the writer. Secretary. Wc held 21 meetings during the 
year, with an average attendance of 16, and an average attendance 
of 8 members. Total receipts, $122.67; expenses, $3248; paid out 
as gifts, 532.92; balance. $57.27. Our work consisted of making 6 
quilts, 4 comforters, 17 prayer-veils, 106 garments, mending 106 
garments, making 30 sun-hats, 2 quilt-tops, piecing 60 quilt-blocks. 
Wc served one dinner. Wc donated 3 days' work to families in the 
community.— Bertha I. Davis, Oregon, III.. Jan. 3. 

PIPE CREEK, MD.— Our Sisters' Aid Society held 12 meetings 
during the year, with an average attendance of 10. Our principal 
work was making comforts, quilts and children's clothing. Receipts, 
$92.36; balance from 1920. $15.71; total $108.27. We gave $S5 to for- 
eign and home missions; 541.92 for material and work; balance, 
$11.35. Wc donated a box of clothing to Baltimore, and some bed 
linen to the Old Folks' Home. San Mar. Md. Officers: Ida M. 
Englar. President; Ida Crabbs. Vice-President; the writer, Secre- 
tary-Treasurer.— Margaret R. Englar, Pipe Crcok, Md., Jan. 4. 

PORTLAND, ORE.— During 1921 we held 20 all-day and 2 half-day 
meetings, with an average attendance of 13. Our work consisted of 
making prayer-coverings, dresses, aprons, handkerchiefs, pillow- 
cases, quilt-blocks, and comforts. We packed two boxes of cloth- 
ing for the Armenians. Money received: Free-will offerings and 
dues, $49.62; from 16 ladies, who earned a dollar each. $16; Christ- 
mas sale, $52.63; name quilt. §7.70; miscellaneous. $59.60; cash on 
hand. Jan. 1, 1921, $59.60; total $244.04. Expenditures: For material, 
$108.29; China sufferers. $20; India Share Plan. $25; India and 
China fund, $10; World-wide. S5; balance. $52.75. President, Sis- 
ter Schcchter; Secretary-Treasurer, Sister LUzie Watters.— Mrs. 
Edith Caslow. Portland. Ore.. Jan. 2. 

RICHLAND, PA.— During 1921 we held 41 meetings, including sev- 
eral all-day meetings, with an average attendance of 24. Total re- 
ceipts, $238.29, consisting of donations for missions and other pur- 
poses. Wo made 27 aprons, 39 quilts and 22 comforts. A few bonnets 
and calendars were sold. Waiters, $S; on hand at beginning of year, 
$74.12; expenditures, $202,40; balance, $109.99.— Naomi Rent sell ler, 
Richland, Pa„ Dec. 23. 

ROANOKE, VA.— Report of the Sisters' Aid Society of the Roanoke 
City church: Balance on hand, Jan. 1. 1921, 593.40. Received by sales, 
articles made and sold, sale of extract, quilting and quilts, $577.94, 
making a total of $671.34. We spent for Home Missions, $59.04; 
Foreign Missions, $108.75; towards the parsonage, $125; for material 
and expenses, $230.01; balance. $63.54. We have $85 on the savings 
account for our new room, which we hope to have in the near 
future. Wc sent out boxes of clothing to several needy ones, and 
visited some of our shut-in mcembcrs. Some of our number made 
visits to the Infirmary. Wc held 26 meetings during the year, with 
an average attendance of 20— Mrs. A. M. Swann, Secretary and 
Treasurer, Roanoke, Va,. Jan. 5. 

SANGERV1LLE, VA.— Report of the Sisters' Aid Society: Num- 
ber of meetings held, 12; average attendance, 27. Amount in treas- 
ury at beginning of year, $1.86; money received from dinner at sale, 
$87.08; special offerings, 580.11; monthly fees, $38.04; coverings and 
goods sold, $38.39; articles sold, $26.19; from solicitors, $22.75; cal- 
endars and cards sold, $18.90; birthday offerings, $5.93; donations, 
$4; blessing box, $3; total, $326.25. Amounts paid out: To Sunday- 
school rooms at Emanuel church, $50; Forward Movement, $40; 
District Secretary, $45; Home Missions, $20; Annual .Meeting col- 
lection, $25; orphan in India, $25.12; for improvement at church. 
$51.25; Orphans' Home. $12; covering goods, $18.50; District Aid 
Society, $5; for chairs at church, $6.52; for cards. $5.07; other ex- 
penses, $8.04; total, $311.50; balance. $14.75. Officers: President, 
Mcda Argenbrigbt; Vice-President. Fannie Click; Secretary, the 
writer; Treasurer, Effic Michael.— Annie Caricofe, Bridgewater, Va. 
SHADY GROVE/PA.— Report of Aid Society: We made 58 articles, 
and sold 199. Members enrolled, 14; average attandance, 7. Money 
received, $85.74; paid out, $40.76; carried forward from last year, 
$27.63; balance. $44,98; cash on hand, $23.98; total, $71.61. We gave 
to missions. $10. Officers: President, Sister Annie M. Fox; Vice- 
President, Sister Anna Showaltcr; Secretary, Sister Delia Laugh- 
lin; Treasurer, Sister Catherine Freis.— Anna M. Fox, Shady Grove, 
Pa.. Jan. 7. 

SNAKE SPRING, PA-— We organized our first Sisters' Aid Society 
in April. 1921. with 20 members enrolled. We hcM 9 meetings, with 
an average attendance of II. We made prayer-coverings, aprons. 
bonnets, lace and quilts. Though the Aid work is new in our congre- 
gation, wc arc well pleased with what has been accomplished 
during the past year and arc looking forward to better results for 
the next year. We have on hand, $27.52.— MisB Kathryn Deal, Sec- 
retary, Everett, Pa., Jan. 4. 

SPRING RUN, PA.-During 1921 we held 17 all-day meetings, with 
an average attendance of 11. Our work consisted of making quilts, 
comforts, sun-bonnets, aprons, etc. We served lunch at a public 
sale, from which we received $56.40; money received during the 
year from freewill offerings, $43.11; articles sold and work done, 
$48.03; expenditures for materials, $6.14; for India Boarding student, 
$25; for China hospital, $20; for papering the church. $68.50; for 
church supplies, $7.40; for 'wall mottoes and Scripture postcards, 
$10.58; to Old Folks' Home. $2; District dues, $1. Officers: Presi- 
dent, Sister Kate Swigart; Vice-President, Sister Ruth Mascmore; 
Secretary, Sister Mary Dunmire; Treasurer, Sister Belle Rhodes.— 
Serena M. Rupert, McVeytown, Pa., Dec. 28. 

STANLEY, WIS.-We held 20 half-day and 4 all-day meetings, 
with an average attendance of 11. Our work consisted of making 
prayer-coverings, aprons, garments, comforters and quilts. We re- 
ceived from offerings, $39; from sale of garments, $25; balance 
from 1920. $25.11; total. $89.66. We paid out for a rug for the 
church, $35.41; gifts to families at home. $14.37; for material, $17.73; 
District Aid dues. $4; miscellaneous. 95 cents; balance, $17.07. Wc 
also gave a needy family 51 garments and 2 comforters, besides a 
few garments to other families. We served dinner to the brethren 
who arc working on the church. Officers: Sister Nora Winkler, 
President; Sister Effie Mahoney. Vice-President; Sister Vinna 
Rarick, Secretary-Treasurer.— Nora Winkler, Stanley. Wis., Jan. 5. 

SUMMIT. VA.-Wc held 12 meetings, five of which were all-day; 
average attendance, 11. Our work consisted of sewing, making com- 
fort-tops, etc. We sent 8 joy-boxes to shut-ins; 42 pounds of 
clothing to China for famine ' refugees; received in donations, 10 
aprons, clothing, etc. Free-will offerinE. 5-10.65; birthday offerings, 
$9.99; absent fees. S4.75; prayer coverings. S1S1-J; extract. $23.50; stain 
remover. $3.25; 3 comfort-tops. S3; sewing done. $2; postcards, mottoes, 
garments, etc., $21.21; Easter offering, 316.37; Christmas sale. $36.90; in 
treasury at beginning of year, $38.27; total. $220.0.1. Expenditures for 
extracts, $14.23; Forward Movement. $35; Orphans' Home, $25; District 
mission worker, $5: District Secretary, $1; material. $6.40; Scripture 
[cxt mottoes, cards, etc.. $21.33; furniture for room, $50.1''-. clothing for 
poor children, S7.6S; total, $165.76; balance., $54.27. Officers: Presi- 
dent, Maltie O. Crann; Vice-President, Lottie Cline; Secretary- 
Treasurer. Mae Cline.— Mattic F. Wise. Bridnew.-itcr, Va.. Dec. 29. 

TOPEKA, IND.— April 1, 1921, we reorganized our Aid Society. We 
have held 10 all-day meetings, with an average attendance of 11. 
We pieced blocks, made garments, prayer-coverings, quilts, com- 
forters, etc.: also helped to clean the church. We sent Sister 
J. L. Malion 1 comforter, 9 garments and a check for $5. Wc also 
did mending and s*wing. Offerings, $50; on hand. $2.23; donations 
and expenses, $32.63; balance. $17.37. Officers: Sister Susan Burns, 
President; the writer, Vice-President; Sister Mary Kauffman. 
Secretary-Treasurer.— Mrs. Sarah E. Yontz, Topeka, Ind., Jan. 2. 

UNION BRIDGE, MD.— The Sisters' Aid Society met Jan. 12, 
1921, with an enrollment of 14 members, and organized as follows: 
Sister Mary S. Bowman, President; Sister Jennie Garber, Vice- 
President; Sister Edna John. Secretary-Treasurer. We met once 
each mouth during the year at the hotnas of different members, 
and made sun-bonnets, dust-caps, various garments, prayer-cov- 
erings, quilts and comforts. Our present membership is 23. Our 
receipts were $118.02; expenses and donations, $81.40.— Edna E. 
John, Union Bridge, Md., Dec. 30. 

WATERLOO, (OWA.— Report of the Aid Society: Number of 
meetings held, 50; average attendance, 16. We made 23 quilts (the 
work on two being donated); 38 prayer-coverings; 8 were donated. 
Total amount of money earned, $329.26; we gave $140 to mission 
work; $1.50 for "Messengers"; $9.50 for flowers; balance, $104.64. 
-Mrs. E. A. Tisdale, Secretary, Waterloo. Iowa, Jan. 6. 


Marriage notices should be accompanied by 50 cents 

'lease note that the fifty cents required f«r the publication of a 
irriace notice may be applied to a three months' J' Gospel Me 

Bcery-Fessenden.— At high noon, Saturday, Dec. 31, 1921, in the 
Church of the Redeemer, Chicago, the rector, Dr. John Henry 
Hopkins, officiating, wedding vows were taken by Leon F. Beery, 
son of Wm. and Adaline H. Beery, Elgin, 111., and Marian Thorne- 
croft Fcsscnden, of Boston, Mass., both teachers in the State Nor- 
mal School at La Crosse, Wis. At home after Jan. 15, 1922, at 
224 S. 10th St., La Crosse. Wis.— * * * * .. 

Becker-Bucher.— By the undersigned, at the home of the bride's 
parents. Dec. 28, 1921, Bro. Augustine P. Becker, of Greenville, 
Ohio, and Sister Fannie L. Bucher. daughter of Brother and Sister 
Samuel G. Bucher, of Astoria. 111.— Jesse C. Shull, Springfield, III. 

Hibschman-Bomberger.— By the undersigned, at his residence, Jan. 
1, 1922. Mr. Enos Hibschman and Sister Fannie Bomberger, both of 
Lebanon, Pa.— Nathan Martin, Lebanon, Pa. 

Graham- Bur khart.— By the undersigned. Dec. 22, 1921, at the 
bride's home, Brother John F. Graham, of Ephrata. Pa., and Sis- 
ter Kathryn V. Burkhart, of Shippensburg, Pa.— Jos. V. Burk- 
hart, Shippensburg, Pa. 

Hoak-Rigler.— By the undersigned, at the parsonage, Dec. 31, 1921, 
Brother Lloyd O. Hoak and Sister Esther M. Rigler, both of Sterl- 
ing, III.— E. F. Caslow, Sterling, 111. 

Kersteiner-Nofziger.— By the undersigned, Dec. 25. 1921, at the 
home of the bride's parents, Mr. Wm. Kersteiner, of Coachella, 
Calif., and Sister Olg- Nofziger, of Azusa, Calif.— O. V. Long, Full- 
crton, Calif. 

Long-Horst.— By the undersigned, at his residence, Dec. 31. 1921. 
Bro. Henry F. Long and Sister Fannie S. Horst, both of Lebanon. 
Pa.— Nathan Martin, Lebanon, Pa. ' 

Mock- Brig gs.— By the undersigned, at the home of the bride's 
parents, Dec. 17, 1921, Mr. Alfred Mock and Miss Ruth Briggs, 
both of Stanley, Wis— Ralph G. Rarick, Stanley, Wis. 

Parry -Geiman.— By the undersigned, at the home of the bride's 
parents, Dec. 25, 1921. Rauland Parry, of Pawnee Rock, Rang., 
and Sister Mary Geiman, of Lamed, Kans.— Roy P. Hylton, Protec- 
tion. Kans. 

Schuler- Meyer.— By the undersigned, at the Church of the Breth- 
ren, Franklin County, Iowa, Dec. 18, 19J1. Brother Geo. A. Schuler 
and Sister Mona Meyer, both of Dumont, Iowa.— W. I. Buckingham, 
Hampton. Iowa. 

Shull-East.— By the undersigned, Jan. 4. 1922, at the home of the 
bride's parents, Mr. Amol H. Shull, of Washington, Iowa, and 
Sister Lena F. East, of South English, Iowa.— D. P. Miller, Kin- 
ross, Iowa. 

Stuntz-Swoverland.— By the undersigned, at the home of the 
bride's parents, Oct. 30, 1921, Brother Irvln Stuntz, of Bremen, 
Ind., and Sister Cecil Swoverland, of Argos, Ind.— Floyd E. Leeper, 
Argos, Ind. 

Yazel-Yockcy. — By the undersigned, at his residence, Dec. 31. 
1921, Bro. Villers Yazel. of Bremen, Ind., and Misa Lois Yockay, 
of Plymouth. Ind.— Floyd E. Leeper, Argos, Ind. 


" Bleased are the dead which die In the Lord" 

Adams, Geo. W., boi 
aged 87 years, 7 mon 

Preble County, Ohio, died Dec. 27, 1921, 
and 27 days. He married Mary Isabel 
Uavisou in 185B. There were two sons and two daughters, who 
survive with his wife. There are also fourteen grandchildren and 
"twenty great-grandchildren. He came to Indiana in 1865 and soon 
afterward united with the Church of the Brethren and lived a 
consistent Christian life to the last. Services in the Brethren 
church in New Paris by Bro. Chas. Arnold and the writer.— Hiram 
Forney, Goshen. Ind. 

Alatadt, Miss Ruby Ellen, daughter of John R. and IsabeJlc Al- 
stadt, died Dec. 20. 1921, aged 43 years. She was buried on her 
birthday, Dec. 23. Her parents and a brother preceded her. She is sur- 
vived by five sisters and a brother. Services by Rev. Jorris, of 
Toledo, in the Reformed church of Lindsey. Interment in the Four 
Mile house cemetery.— Mrs. I. Adams, Lindsey, Ohio. 

Bcrkeypilc, Hezckiah Fry, died Dec. 13, 1921, aged 83 years, 10 
months and 23 days. He married Rhoda Lydic, who died about 
twenty-two years ago. He accepted Christ when young in years 
and lived a consistent Christian life. He was elected deacon in 
1872 and served faithfully in that office during his active years. 
He is survived by two sous, one daughter, eleven grandchildren, 
two great-grandchildren, one brother and three sisters. Services 
by Eld. W. N. Myers. Interment in the Progressive Brethren 
cemetery, near his home.— Mrs. Cora B. Fyock, Clymer, Pa. 

Bobo, Anna R.. nee Carroll, born in Hampshire County, W. Va.. 
died Dec. 24. 1921, aged 76 years. 1! months and 15 days. In 1871 
she was united in marriage to Joseph Bobo. Severat years later 

she, with her husband, gave her heart to Christ and united with the 
Church of the Brethren, to which vow she was faithful until death. 
Brother and Sister Bobo have lived in Springfield, Ohio, since 
1904. Services by the writer in Springfield.— J. C. Inman, 734 W. 
Columbia Street, Springfield, Ohio. 

Burkholdcr, Bro. Wm., son of John C. and Catherine Burkholdcr. 
died Dec. 28, 1921, aged 71 years, 1 month and 24 days. In 1888 
he married Anna Neff, who survives with three daughters, one 
son, five grandchildren, two brothers and three sisters. He united 
with the Church of the Brethren in January, 1909, and remained 
faithful until death. Services at the Union Center church by 
Brethren D. H. Anglemyer and John Frederick. — Mrs. Homer R. 
Weldy, Nappanee, Ind. 

Corcoran, Sister Sarah Jane, born in Baltimore, Md., died in the 
Old People's Home, Mt. Morris, 111., Dec. 29. 1921. aged 94 years, 
5 months and 2S days. In 1860 she married Robert Corcoran. There 
were nine children. One son, one daughter and three grandchil- 
dren survive. She joined the Church of the Brethren in 1886 and 
lived faithful until death. Services in the Batavia church by 
the undersigned, assisted by Eld. J. S. Masterson. Interment in 
the East Batavia cemetery.— C. H. Kaiser, Batavia, III. 

Dorcas, John Cyrus, son of Homer A. and Golden Adah Dorcas, 
died Dec. 7, 1921, aged 8 years, 5 months and 20 days. Death was 
due to inflammatory rheumatism and complications from the effects 
of pneumonia of ten months previous. He leaves father, mother and 
one brother. Services by Bro. S. B. Miller. Interment in the 
Clarence cemetery.— U. J. Fike, Clarence, Ioyya. 

Flora, Clara, died Nov. 24, 1921, in Franklin County, Va., aged 
27 years, 11 months and Zi days. About a week ago she had a 
fall, at which time she, perhaps, received injuries which re- 
sulted in her death. She was the daughter of C. S. and Julia 
Franklin Montgomery. She married Willie D. Flora in 1910. There 
were four children, who survive with her father, three brothers and 
three sisters. She was a member of the Christian church for 
about fourteen years. Services by Brethren J. A. Naff and C. W. 
Montgomery in the Pleasant View Christian church, where she held 
her membership. Burial in the family burying ground.— Orpha 
Flora. Boone Mill, Va. 

Fry, Bro. Jonathan B.. died in the bounds of the Lost Creek 
congregation, Pa., Dec. 25, 1921, aged 72 years, 10 months and 4 
days. For the past few years he had been suffering from hard- 
ening of the arteries. Death was preceded by several strokes. 
His wife died about one year ago. Surviving are eight children, 
eight grandchildren, one brother and one sister. He was a mem- 
ber of the church for twenty-seven years, and always concerned 
about its interests. Services by the writer and Eld. C. G. 
Winey. Interment at East Salem U. B. cemetery.— J. E. Rowland, 
Bunkertown, Pa. 

Garber, Rebecca E., wife of Daniel Garber, born near New Leb- 
anon, Ohio, died Dec. 26, 1921. aged 76 years, 8 months and 28 days. 
She had been suffering from high blood pressure for some time and 
on the 22nd suffered a paralytic stroke, after which she never re- 
gained consciousness. She and her husband had been at the 
Brethren Home since Nov. 21, 1919. He died Nov. 13, 1921. Serv- 
ices at the Eversolc house by Bro. Erbaugh. Interment in Ever- 
sole cemetery.— Wm. K. Sell. Greenville, Ohio. 

Gibble, Annie S.. daughter of Bro. Jacob and Sister Susan Marks, 
died at her home near Reistville, Pa., of blood-poisoning, Aug. 28, 
1921, aged 21 years, 8 months and 21 days. Nov. 8, 1919. she married 
Nathan Gibble, who survives with one son, her parents, one sis- 
ter and five brothers. Services at the Heidelberg house by Eld. 
John Herr and Bro. Wm. R. Dubble. Interment in adjoining ceme- 
tery.— Alice B. Royer, Myerstown, Pa. 

Gnegy, Daniel, died at his home, near Eglon, W. Va., of heart 
dropsy, Dec. 17, 1921, aged 64 years, 4 months and 4 days. His 
father, mother, one son, three brothers and two sisters preceded 
him. He leaves his wife, four sons, two daughters, one sister, 
four brothers and two grandchildren. He was a faithful member 
of the Lutheran church. Services by Eld. Obed Hamstead, assisted 
by Rev. Uinbeiger, pastor of the Lutheran church. Interment near 
his home at the Gnegy church, which he donated to the service 
of the Lutheran fraternity.— Goldie Judy, Eglon, W. Va. 

Hiildoman, Sister Anna J., nee Eubanks, born near Churchville, 
Va., Sept. 12, 1851, died at her home, near Ft. Defiance, Va., Dec. 
5, 1921. In November, 1873, she married Jacob Haldeman, who 
survives with three daughters. In March, 1894, she and her hus- 
band united with the Church of the Brethren. She lived a con- 
sistent life. Services at Lebanon by Bro. P. F. Cline, assisted by 
Eld. P. J. Wenger. Interment in adjoining cemetery. — Lila B, Wine. 
Mt. Sidney, Va. 

Henry, Bruce, son of Brother and Sister Morris Henry, died Dec. 
31, 1921, of cancer, aged 8 years and 5 months. He was a regular 
attendant at the Sunday-school at Spring Creek. He leaves his 
father and mother, two brothers and five sisters. Services at 
Spring Creek by Brethren John C. Zug and B. W. S. Ebersole. 
Interment in adjoining cemetery. — Emmert 'Basehore, Hershey, Pa. 

Hess, Sister Drusilla Margaret, died in Rockingham Memorial 
Hospital, Dec. 11, 1921, aged 18 years, 9 months and 4 days. She 
united with the church at the age of ten. She married Bro. Homer 
Hess, a young minister of the Beaver Creek congregation, June 
9, 1921. They spent the summer doing mission work in Highland 
County, Va. During her illness she was anointed. She was the 
only daughter of W r eldon and Sister Mattic (Long) Landes. Her 
mother and husband survive. Services by Elders j. S. Flory and 
H. C. Miller. Interment in the Brethren cemetery at Sangerville. 
—Nannie J. Miller. Bridgewater, Va. 

Huffman, Sister Caroline, daughter of W. H. and E. Larrebee, 
was born near South Bend, Ind. She was married to Joseph H. 
Huffman Nov. 1, 1876. To this union were born seven sons and 
three daughters. She united with the Church of the Brethren in 
1887. She, with her family, emigrated to Canada in 1903, and 
settled near Osage, Sask., at which place she died Dec. 27, 1921, aged 
67 years, 7 months and 12 days. " She leaves her husband, seven 
children, one brother, two sisters, thirteen grandchildren and one 
great-grandchild. Services at the Fairview church, by the writer. 
Interment in the cemetery near by.— G. I. Michael, Kenmare, N. Dak. 

Lee, Bro. Levi, died Dec. 4, 1921, aged 92 years, 10 months and 1 
day. He is survived by nine children, one having preceded him in 
1886. His wife died several years ago. There are fifty -six grand- 
children and fifty-eight great-grandchildren: Bro. Lee served the 
Berlin congregation as a deacon for a number of years. Services 
by the writer (his pastor), in the Garrett church. Interment in 
the Union cemetery at Garrett.— D. K. Clapper, Mcyersdale, Pa. 

Lcntz, Sister Emma, nee Klein, born near Rehrersburg, Pa., died 
at her home in Myerstown, Pa., of liver trouble, Dec. 22, 1921, aged 
56 years, 2 months and 14 days. She was confined to her bed for 
about seven weeks, during which time she called for the anointing. 
She wa3 a consistent member of the Church of the Brethren for a 
number of years. Her husband, Bro. Nathan G. Lentz, survives 
with three daughters and five sons. Services at her late home by 
Elders John Herr and Wm. H. Oberlioltzer. Interment in Union 
meetinghouse cemetery near Mt. Zion, Pa. — Alice B. Royer, Myers- 
town, Pa. 

Leslie, Sister Anna Belle, daughter of Bro. Perry and Ida Wag- 
oner, born at Heath, Ind., April 9, 1893, died at her home near the 
same place Jan. 3, 1922. She married Bro. Jesse Leslie in 1910. 
There were four daughters. She gave her life to Christ at the 
age of ten years and was a loyal and faithful member of the 
church. She leaves her parents, one sister, two brothers, her hus- 
band and four daughters. Services at Pyrmont, by Bro. John W. 
Root, assisted by Bro. S. .S. Nchcr. Interment in the cemetery 
near by.— Mrs. Lulu E. Root. LaFayette, Ind. 

Miller, Benj. F., born in Rockingham County, Va., died at the 
Brethren Home. Darlow. Kans.. Dec. 28, 1921, aged 76 years and 28 
days. At the age of eighteen he united with the Church of the 
Brethren. He married Eliza McClure in 1872. She preceded him 
seven years ago. There were ten children. He is survived by 
five brothers, two sisters, five sons, four daughters and a number 
of grandchildren. In 1866 he was elected deacon and served the 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 21, 1922 


church faithfully. Services in the Appanoose church by Eld. I. 
L, Hoover, assisted by Eld. S. J. Hcckman and the writer. Inter- 
ment in Appanoose cemetery.— C- \V. Shoemaker, Ovcrbrook, Kan3. 
Montgomery, Christina, nee Hively, daughter of John and Re- 
becca Hively, bom in Knox County, Ohio, died Doc. 26, 1921, aged 
66 years, 4 months and 26 days. She married Wm, Montgomery 
j„ i376. There were six daughters and one son, who died at the 
agL . of seventeen. She united with the Church of the Brethren 
jn 1377 and lived a true and faithful Christian life. She leaves 
her husband, six daughters, fourteen grandchildren, two great- 
grandchildren, two brothers and two sisters. Services at the Owl 
Creek c,hurch by Rev. Columbus Workman, assisted by Bro. O. H. 
Ucchtel. Interment in the Owl Creek cemetery.— Haj 

Bdlville, Ohio. 

Neff, Sister Lydia, died at the home of her daughter, Mrs. Wm. 
Fippenger. Dec. 28, 1921, aged 78 years, 5 months and 29 days. She 
- 1863. She leaves four daughters, three 
ic united with the Church of the Brethren 
about fifty years ago. Services at the Union Center church by 
Bro. Daniel Wysong*, assisted by Brethren D. H. Anglemyer and 
John Frederick.— Mrs. Homer R. Weldy, Nappance, Ind. 

Osburn, Herbert Warren, youngest child of Bro. Jesse and Sister 
Lydia Osburn, born at Swofford. Wash., Sept. 11, 1920, died Dec. 
18, 1921. Services at the Church of the Brethren at Ajlune, Wash., 
by Bro. J. A. Eby. Interment in Riffe cemetery.— John S. Rench, 
Swofford, Wash. 

Owen, Lynn Woodrow, son of Bro. E. B. and Sister Alice Owen, 
born June IS, 1913, died Aug. 24, 1921, at Rcids Memorial Hospital, 
:ii Richmond, Ind., following an operation for appendicitis. Serv- 
ices at the Prices Creek church by Brethren B. F. Petry and Sylvan 
Bookwalter. Burial at Mound Hill cemetery.— Bertha Miller. Eldo- 
rado, Ohio. 

Patterson, James R., son of Brother Jacob and Sister Frances 
Patterson, was born in Franklin County, Va. When an infant, his 
parents moved to Marion County, Iowa, and later on to Sterling, 
Colo., where he gr^w to manhood and graduated in the city schools. 
In 1897 he was united in marriage to Irene Howe. He graduated 
irom the law school in Ann Arbor, Mich., in 1903. He died in 
Sterling Dec. 30, 1921, aged 55 years. Services by Eld. S. G. Nickey, 
assisted by Rev. Arthur Brallicr. Interment in the Sterling ceme- 
tery— S. G. Nickey, Haxtun, Colo. 

Pfoutz, Sarah Ann, daughter of -John and Elizabeth Renner, born 
in Frederick County, Md., died Dec. 26, 1921, aged 93 years, 6 months 
and 17 days. In 1848 she married Peter Pfoutz. In the spring of 
1856 they moved to Iowa and in the fall of the same year located 
on the farm where she resided until her death. At about sixteen 
years of age she united with the Church of the Brethren and was 
a faithful follower of the Master. She leaves one daughter, six 
ttraiidehildren and thirteen great-grandchildren. Services at the 
home, near New Sharon, Iowa, by the writer.— H. C. N. Coffman, 
South English, Iowa. 

Price, Sarah Elizabeth, daughter of John and Anna Rife, born 
in Rockingham County, Va., died Dec. 23, 1921, aged 71 years, 4 
months and 6 days. She married Ambrose Price in 1869. There 
were six sons and four daughters— one daughter having preceded 
her. There are also thirteen grandchildren, three brothers and 
three sisters. She united with the Church of the Brethren in 1875 
and continued in that faith until death. Services in the Eversole 
church by Eld. D. M. Garver.— Bessie Filbrun, Dayton, Ohio. 

Rockey, Bro. Jacob, born in Germany, died at his home in Edon, 
Ohio, Dec. 30, 1921, aged 82 years. 10 months and 30 days. In 1868 
he married Hannah Mark. There were three sons and two 
■laughters. One son died in infancy. In 1870 he and his wife united 
with the Church of the Brethren and later he was elected to the 
office of deacon. He was a very devoted worker in the church. 
Services in- the Christian church in Edon by the writer.— D. P. 
Koch, Montpelier, Ohio. 

Royer, Bro. Jos. R., of Lexington, Pa., died Dec. 14, 1921, aged 
77 years, 1 month and 16 days. Services at the Middle Creek 
church by Brethren J. W. G. Hershey and C. R. fiibble. Bro. Royer 
ivas a member of the Brethren church for fifty-six years.— J. M. 
Hollinger, Lititz, Pa. 

Royer, Wm. 

■liter an illnci 
aged 73 years, 
to Kansas, where, 
"umber of years. 

who was M: 

iorn near Lincoln, Pa., died in McAUen, Texas, 
of several months of complications, Dec. 12, 1921, 
months and 11 days. When a young man, he went 
c, in the region of Towanda, he spent the greatest 
i. He was a member of the Methodist church. His 
Zoe Swigart, survives with one sister and 
and interment at McAUen, Texas. — Alice B. 

of Mr. and Mrs. David Zellers, 

4, 1877, died at her home in the 

Adel, Iowa, Dec. 29, 1921, aged 

Her husband, Martin Sheaffer, 

mother, one brother and one 

arly life in Illinois, coming with 

eturning to Mt. Morris one year 

she united 

ied Martin ' 

having no 

"iic brother. Services 
Royer, Mycrstown, Pa. 

Sheaffer, Sister Nettie, daughtc; 
horn near Mount Morris, 111., Oct 
Panther Creek congregation, neai 
44 years, 2 months and 23 days. 
an adopted daughter, her fathi 
sister survive. She spent her 
lier parents to Iowa in 1899. I 
later, she spent some time in school. Whih 
with the Church of the Brethren. Jan. 1, 1910,. shi 
Slicaffer. Always kind and thoughtful of others, 
children of their own, they adopted a little orphan child, 
again left motherless at the age of six years. During the past 
three years she has been the efficient president of the Sisters' 
Aid. She was a loyal follower of her^ Master. Services in the 
Panther Creek house, near her home, by the writer, assisted by 
Kid. J. B. Spurgeon. Burial in the cemetery adjoining.— H. L. 
Royer, Adel, Iowa. 

Steffy, Sister Amanda, died of cancer of the stomach, Dec. 29, 
921. She united with the church just three days before her death. 
Her age was 58 years, 6 months and 13 days. Services at the 
Heidelberg meetinghouse by Brethren Wm. A. Forry, A. S. Heisey 
j"id the writer. Text, 1 Sam. 20: 3. She is survived by her hus- 
band, two sons and two daughters.— Nathan Martin, Lebanon, Pa. 

Stover, Emmanuel, born near" Woodbury, Pa., died at the home 
of his eldest son, Eld. John M. Stover, Bradford, Ohio, Dec. 21, 1921, 
aged 79 years. 2 months and 7 days. In 1866 he married Joanna 
Mohlcr, who died in 1913. There were ten children, eight of whom 
survive. Of his father's family of eight children, but one sister 
remains. In the early sixties he enlisted in the 152nd O. V. L, serv- 
>"g as a private in Company C of that regiment until it was 
mustered out of service. Services at Harris Creek by Eld. S. E. 
porter. Interment in adjacent cemetery.— J. E. Overholser, Brad- 
'ord. Ohio. 

Tyson, Bro. Nathaniel S., born in Pennsylvania, died at the home 

« his son. Bro. Austin F. Tyson, near Gilman, Wis., Dec; 22, 

i«I. aged 71 year's. He married Nancy Robinson, and for some time 

™! y n, in vir S'nia. Together they united with the Church of 

-en twenty-four years* ago. Sister Tyson died in the 

the Fajrvicw congregation, Mo., whence Bro. Tyson 

:onsin a year ago. There were seven children. Three 

daughters survive. He was a loyal member of our 

Services in the Stanley church by the undersigned. 

terment at Stanley.— Ralph G. Rarick, Stanley, Wis. 

Varncr, Sister Catharine, born near Doe Hill., Va., died at her 

i i i' n " ear Pa, ° Alto> Va " Dec " 2J ' lm > a Ked 76 years, II months 
-mil 19 days _ TwQ 90nS| fivc daughters and onc br0 u ler S m. v j ve . 

, r ''"sband, Bro. Wm. Vamer, preceded her about nine months 
80. She was a member of the Church of the Brethren (or fc 
'umber of years. Services in the home by Bi 

came to Wis 
sons and 1 


cemetery : 

ie.— Clara 

J. W. Hess. 



' ermt "t lc 

trove, W. Va. 

mY*" 1 "!^ Jolln ' dicd at his late Ilome in Bunkertown, Pa., of pneu- 
monia, Dec. 29. 1921, aged 85 years, 5 months and 23 days. His 
rt rr l p ™«ded hiin six years ago. He is survived by eight chil- 
lat y ^ ran(I children and forty-one great-grandchildren. Of 

eni yearS he had hia home wi,h hiB daughter, Barbara Shell- 
'„,'*'• H = was a member of the Evangelical church for a 
™mber of ycar5] Scrviccs by , he writer _ 

cemetery.-J. E. Rowland, Bunkertown 

town i 



:"X"M"> ■H* •:—*• ♦<"H'^>»> i ^^4 t ^»^^^;^<K«4"M»^>*X"-M-4*-;.»}» 


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THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 21. 1922 


Official Organ of the Church of tho Brethren 

Published weekly by Brethren Publishing Home, R. E. Arnold. Gen- 
eral Manager, 16 to 24 S. Slate St., Elgin, 111,, at $2.00 per annum, in 
advance. (Canada subscriptions fifty cents extra.) 

Entered at the Postofflcc at Elgin. III., as Sccond-rbiss Matter. 
Acceptance for mailing nt Bpecliil rate of postage provided for Id 
IKtioD 1103, A»t of October 3, 1017, authori zed August 20, 1018. 

Notes From Our Correspondents 

(Continued from Page 45) 
Bro. Knopsnider, elder lor another year; Carrie Foust. clerk; Wm. 
Saylor, "Messenger" agent; Lizzie Sheets, correspondent. Three 
letters were granted, Inasmuch as the writer and his family ex- 
pect to take up a pastorate near Johnstown in the spring, a min- 
isterial committee was elected to see that the various appointments 
are filled by ministers from adjoining congregations until some 
other means are provided. Brethren C. E. Nedrow, Lloyd Hos- 
teller and Wesley Saylor were elected to serve as this committee. 
The eleclion of Sunday-school officers was deferred until our next 
council.-J. Lloyd Nedrow. Champion, Pa., Jan. A. 


Central Point church met in council Nov. 26, with Eld. A. M. 
Laughrun presiding. Wc decided to hold our council meetings 
quarterly instead of monthly. Our next meeting will be Feb. 25, 
at 2 P. M. On Christmas Day wc reorganized our Sunday-school. 
Bro R A Hilbcrt delivered a good sermon.— A. C. BayleSs, John- 
son City, Ten., Jan. 5. 

Meadow Branch.— We held Thanksgiving services and took an 
offering of $12.85 for World-wide missions. We met in council Nov. 
28. with Eld. J. H. Peterson presiding. We decided to have a scries 
of meetings in the near future. Eld. R. B, Pritchctt began a scries 
of meetings Dec. 23, continuing until Jan. 3, preaching sixteen ser- 
mons. The sisters of Meadow Branch and their friends arc mak- 
ing Bro. Pritchctt and wife a friendship quilt, as an expression of 
appreciation of service, rendered during bis stay with us.— Mrs. 
R. C. Hiteman, Tate, Tenn., Jan. 7. 


Dnlcvllle.— Under the direction of our pastor. Bro. Kahle. we have 
now completed our plans for the New Year. All officers have been 
elected, and committees have been appointed. With the full co- 
operation of these, we hope to make good progress in the Master's 
work during the coming year. Wc decided to have preaching at the 
church each Sunday morning. On two Sundays a month the ser- 
mon will be preceded by a short, interesting talk, especially for the 
benefit of the children. Dec. 14 a thorough, evcry-member canvass 
of our congregation was made, for the purpose of raising our 
church budget. Dec. 25 our Christmas program was rendered to 
a large audience. There were songs and recitations by the chil- 
dren. A chorus of about twenty trained voices gave the story of 
the Christ Child in song. At the close, our White Gift offering 
was made in a very impressive way. It is to be used for orphanage 
work in our Stale. From October to June we are having weekly 
parents' meetings at the home of our pastor, for the purpose of 
discussing various subjects of interest to every parent. The meet- 
ings have been well attended so far. Our Thanksgiving offering was 
about $100 and was sent to the Emergency Fund— Mrs. D. V. 
Shaver, Troutville, Va„ Jan. 3. 

Mt. Vernon.— During the holidays two Bible Schools were con- 
ducted in our congregation — one in the Mt. Vernon house, with 
Brother and Sister A. B. Miller as instructors, and one in the Pine 
Chapel house, with Bro. Paul Scnger in charge. The attendance 
and interest at both houses were good. There were five sessions 
daily, besides a Bible lecture at night. While these studies were 
comparatively »ew, to most of us, yet they were appreciated by all 
who attended. Wc regretted very much that wc could not com- 
plete the four days' course, on account of Brother and Sister Miller 
being called home— the lattcr's mother having died suddenly. We 
have the promise of their return in the near future, to complete 
the work so well started. I consider this work especially helpful 
to the Sunday-school teacher, in further preparation for his re- 
sponsible task. It is my conviction that the Bible School is going 
to fill a long felt need among our local churches. We feel grateful 
to tho Board of Religious Education, as well as to those who were 
sent as instructors. It has proved an inspiration to us all. — C. B. 
Smith, Stuarts Draft. Va.. Jan. 10. 

Pine Chapel.— We have entered the New Year with an organization 
for Sunday-school, with Bro. A. C. Lots, superintendent. We also 
enjoyed a very interesting Bible school during the holidays. Our 
teacher was Bro. Paul Sanger, of Bridgcwatcr.— Mrs. W. C. Brad- 
ley. Ellard. Va., Jan. 2. 

Pleasant Valley church met in council Dec. 17. with Bro. Michael 
Reed as moderator. Church and Sunday-school officers were elected 
as follows: Sister Mettie Akcrs, " Messenger " agent; the writer, 
correspondent; Bro. Willie Dittany, Sunday-school superintendent; 
Bro. C. C. Reed, president of the Christian Workers' Society. Dec. 
25 we had an all-day meeting, with Sunday-school followed by some 
fine talks by members of the Christian Workers* Society. Bro. 
Luther Bowman, of the Laurel Branch congregation, also favored 
us with an excellent talk. At the noon hour a basket dinner was 
served and all spent a very enjoyable social hour together. In the 
afternoon the Sunday-school pupils rendered a very appropriate pro- 
gram, consisting of songs, dialogs and recitations. We wish to 
commend our young people for the interest they have taken in the 
different church activities in the past year.— Mrs. Delia B, Lester, 
Sowers, Va., Dec 31. 

Roanoke City church began the New Year with a forward move. 
The Primary Department assembled with the main school for the 
closing service. The sermon of the morning, by the pastor, was ■ 
strong appeal lor a forward march during the year. At the close 
of the service, particulars of our proposed new modern church 
building, to be erected on the site of the present church, were 
given to those present. A canvass will be conducted to raise 
the necessary funds. The keynote was sounded on Wednesday night 
in the Young People's Christian Union, when one of the speakers 
said, in answer to the question: What of the Future of This Organ- 
ization: " Wc young people of this church will not be satisfied with 
a high school education but will want greater and more definite prep- 
aration for greater and more special service in the Kingdom."— 
Mrs. John H. Shickel, Roanoke. Va.. Jan. 3. 

Smiths River.— On Christmas Day Bro. Russell West, of Bridge- 
water College, formerly of this county, preached a very able and 
inspiring sermon, which was much appreciated. Our best wishes 
and prayers arc for his success in the ministry.— J. T. Hooker, 
Buffalo Ridge. Va., Jan. 6. 

TerrU View.— Bro. L. C. Coffman. of Daleville, Va., conducted the 
usual services at this place on Saturday evening, Dee. 31, and on 
the following Sunday morning. Both of these meetings were vary 
helpful and inspiring. The subject of the discourse on Saturday 
evening was " A Review of the Year 1921." On Sunday morning the 
theme was, " Every-Day fteligion." We feel that we have cause 
to rajoice on account of the work here. Within eighteen months 
our membership has increased from seven to thirty-five. Through 
Bro. Coffman's efforts wc feel that our community has been spirit- 
ually revived.— Mrs. H. N. Whittcn. Lowry, Va.. Jan. 4. 

Topeco congregation met in council Dec. 31, witk Bro. L. M. 
Weddle as moderator. One letter was received and one was granted. 
Officers were elected, with Sister Maggie Hylton, clerk; Sister Alice 
Harman, "Messenger" agent; tke writer, correspondent; Bro. J. 
W. Weddle, Sunday-school superintendent. A committee was ap- 
pointed to investigate the problem of lighting our churchhousc. On 

the Sunday following we met for Sunday-school, with a promising 
class to start the New Year. Bro. A. N. Hylton gave us a splendid 
sermon on "New Resolutions," which was strengthening to all. Our 
scries of meetings was conducted by Bro. C. E. Eller. of Salem, Va. 
He preached fourteen inspiring sermons. Two confessed Christ; one 
has been received by baptism. We also had another scries of meet- 
ings at Fairvicw, a mission point, conducted by Bro. H. W. Peters, 
of Wirtz, Va. Four confessed Christ, three of whom have been re- 
ceived by baptism.— Almeda E. Alderman. Floyd, Va., Jan. 2. 

Trcvilian church met in council Dec. 24. Three letters were 
granted. Officers for the New Year arc, Elder, C. H. Pctry; clerk, 
Roxic Pctry; Sunday-school superintendents. Carl Glick and Miller 
Shumakc. We decided to discontinue night services till spring. 
On Christmas Day an offering of $69.45 was taken for famine relief 
work.— R. Anna Glick. Trcvilian. Va., Jan. 6. 

Troutville congrcRation met in regular business session Dec. 31, 
with Eld. C. D. Hylton presiding. The following officers were elected: 
Bro. C. S. Ikenberry, elder in charge; Bro. J. W. Layman, clerk; the 
writer, correspondent. Our aged elder, Bro. Jonas Graybill, who has 
served in the ministry for fifty-seven years, and who is no longer 
able to do active work, was chosen life advisory elder. Eld. C. D. 
Hylton, who has been in our congregation for about nineteen years, 
has moved to Roanoke. He will spend his time in evangelistic work 
in this District. Our Sunday-school was reorganized Dec. 25, with 
Bro. A, R. Brillhart, superintendent. A Christmas program was 
rendered at the Trinity house Dec. 23, and one at Troutville Christ- 
mas night. At the latter place an offering of $42 was lifted for the 
Armenian sufferers. The parsonage will soon be completed and we 
arc hoping to be able to secure a pastor in the near future.— Fran kie 
Showalter, Troutville, Va., Jan. 2. 

White Rock church met in council Dec. 31, with Eld. S. P. Reed 
presiding. Officers were elected for the year; Bro. S. P. Reed, 
elder; Sister Lessie Reed, clerk and "Messenger" agent; the- writer. 
Sunday-school superintendent and correspondent.— Lillic M. Thomp- 
son, Carthage, Va., Jan, 4. 


Forest Center churoh met in council Dec. 28, with Eld. W. H. 
Tigner presiding. The officers for the coming year were elected: 
Bro. Tigner. elder; J. 0. Snider, church clerk; Bro. Elmer Tigner, 
Sunday-school superintendent.— Nora A. Willey, Valley, Wash., 
Jan. 2. 

Mt. Hope church met in council Dec. 31, with Eld. Tigner pre- 
siding. New officers were elected for the coming year: Superin- 
tendent. Pearl Hixson; "Messenger" correspondent and agent, the 
writer; Christian Workers' president. Bertha Danielson. We just 
closed a two weeks' revival meeting, with good attendance and at- 
tention. Bro. Ezra Whislcr was the evangelist, and labored ear- 
nestly for the cause. He was accompanied by his wife and daughter. 
One confessed Christ and was baptized.— Alice M. Streeter, Chewe- 
lab, Wash., Jan. 6. 

Whitcatono congregation met in council Dec. 31. Officers for the 
coming year were elected, with Bro. M. F. Woods, elder; Sister 
Myrtle Hawkins, Sunday-school superintendent. Two letters were 
received and one was granted. — Mrs. Blanche Hawkins, Tonasket, 
Wash., Jan. 1. 


Old Furnace.— We held our third annual Bible Term Dec. 24-31. 
Bro. J. E. Whitacre and wife, of Blue Ridge College, and Bro. 
Emra Fike, of Oakland, Md.. were the teachers. Bro. Whitacre 
taught the Prayer Life of Jesus; Sister Whitacre, Hebrews, and 
Bro. Fike, Acts. Sister Beahm, of Blue Ridge College, was with 
us from Saturday until Tuesday and gave some special readings. 
We held our Bible Institute during the day and Bro. Whitacre 
preached for us each evening. Bro. Fike gave a short talk each 
evening. Saturday evening Bro. J. E. Whitacre and his wife were 
ordained to the eldership. We feel strengthened by having studied 
God's Word and having enjoyed this week of fellowship and asso- 
ciation.— Mrs. Erne Abe. Old Fumaec, W. Va., Jan. 9. 


Maple Grovo church met in council Dec. 31, with Bro. Geo. Shade 
presiding. All officers for the coming year were elected: Bro. 
Ralph G. Rarick, elder; Bro. Otto Pearson, Sunday-school super- 
intendent; Sister Emma Rhoads, president of the Christian 
Workers' Meeting; the writer, "Messenger" correspondent.— Connie 
Rhoads, Stanley, Wis., Jan. 10. 


Notice.— The seventh quarterly Ministerial Conference of the cen- 
tral group of churches of the District of North Dakota and Eastern 
Montana will be held in Berthold, N. Dak., Feb. 1, beginning at 3 
P. M. Deacons and their wives arc accorded the privilege of at- 
tending a part of this Conference. Thus we are striving to make 
it a Conference of officials and their wives. Come, help us to get 
more united in our efforts to advance the cause we represent, and 
also get a part of the inspiration of the meeting. The presence of 
visiting officials will be welcome and much appreciated.— Joseph D. 
Reish, Secretary, Berthold, N. Dak., Jan. 11. 

Raisin City. — The Junior and Primary Departments of the Sun- 
day-school rendered a special program on Christmas Eve. We con- 
sider ourselves fortunate in having had Dr. D. W. Kurtz, of Mc- 
Pberson College, with us. Beginning on Christmas night, he gave 
us eight of his famous lectures on Christian Education and the 
Fundamental Doctrines. The Deputation Team of La Verne College 
gave us an interesting program Dec. 29. At our business meeting, 
Dec. 30, Bro. C. E. Wolfe and wife were reinstated in the ministry 
and properly received. We have decided to hold a revival meeting 
in the near future.— Mrs. Elizabeth F. Forney, Caruthcrs, Calif., 
Jan. 7. 

Panther Creek church met in council Jan. 7, with Bro. J. W. 
Switzcr presiding. All church and Sunday-school officers for the 
year were elected: Elder, J. W. Switzer; secretary, H. T. Wiley; 
correspondent and " Messenger " agent, the writer; Sunday-school 
superintendent, Sister Lizzie Yordy. We were pleased to have 
with us Bro. Fundcrburg, of Oak Grove.— Elsie Noffsinger, Benson, 
111., Jan. 12. 

Morrill.— The New Year was started off with a splendid sermon 
by our pastor. The work at this time is going along nicely, with 
fine interest in Sunday-school and other services. Dec. 18 the 
service of the "Littlest Son" was given by the pastor and the 
chorus, preparatory to the Christmas season. The Bethlehem 
pageant was given by fifty members of the Sunday-school on 
Christmas night. The White Gift offering from the different classes 
and departments amounted to $333.80. It was divided between the 
Emergency Fund, McPhcrson College, Old Folks' Home and Orphan- 
age at Darlow, Kans.. and the Kansas City Mission.— Mrs. Floyd 
Meyers. Morrill, Kans., Jan. 11. 

Grundy County church held Thanksgiving services, and a good 
offering was taken for the Emergency Fund. On Christmas evening 
an excellent program was rendered. The offering went to the 
Bethany hospital, Chicago. Our quarterly business meeting was 
held Dec. 28, with our pastor. Bro. D. H. Keller, presiding. A Vaca- 
tion Bible School and school of music will be held in June. Sister 
Sadie Mangus is to conduct the music evenings. Bro. J. I. Shellcr is 
church secretary; Sister D. D. Shellcr, president of the Aid Society. 
Bro. John Cakerice preached on New Year's Day— Hannah C. 
Mcsser, Crundy Center, Iowa, Jan. 10. 

Ozawkie church closed a very interesting and inspiring series 
of meetings, conducted by Bro. J. A. Vancil, of Gardner, Kans. 
The attendance was very good, and at each service we listened to 
the message under the direction and guidance of the Holy Spirit. 
The church has been greatly strengthened in -faith and courage 
and is looking forward to greater service. The meeting closed 
Jan. 4. Two were added to the church by baptism. Bro. Vancil 
preached fifteen sermons in all, besides making many visits in 
the different homes. He also presided at the love feast which was 
very spiritual.— Mollie Johnson, Ozawkie, Kans., Jan. 10. 

Scripture Text 
Calendar for 1922 

Users of this calendar for the past few years 
will want it again. Here is the opportunity for 
Sunday-school Classes, Sisters' Aid Societies or 
others to encourage; the reading of a daily verse 
of Scripture and at the same time provide funds 
for the use of the society. The calendar is 
printed in colors throughout. 

Price single copy 35c; 5 copies $1.65; 

12 copies $3.75 

Write for special terms to agents. 

Elgin, III. 



By Annie BaJmer Myers 

"The Plain People" is a term by which our 
church, in common with Mennonites and others, 
is known in some parts of Pennsylvania. There 
is portrayed in the heroine's experiences the con- 
flict between the strict principles of our church 
and the more liberal views of life. The girl's 
mother who had "turned plain" after her mar- 
riage died soon after the girl was born and sine 
was left in the care of an aunt. The influence of 
a school teacher from Philadelphia had much to 
do in determining her life. Her love of music 
and determination to have a musical education 
ran counter to some of the accepted ideas of 
her closest friends. The friendship of two neigh- 
bor boys and the need of the widowed mother of 
one of them aided much in the settlement of 
the question as to what was really worth while. 
The portrayal of our people is done, we believe, 
faithfully and sympathetically. In this it is 
unlike many other books purporting to do the 
same, but which give only a caricature of our 
people. A book of absorbing interest which will 
also help to a better understanding of our church. 
Price, postpaid, $2.00. 

Brethren Publishing House 

Elgin, III. 


LifeofD.L. Miller 

Very few, if any, members of the Church of 
the Brethren were not acquainted with Bro. Mil- 
ler. He also had a large host of friends outside 
of the church who will want the book of his life. 
He has preached and lectured in many churches. 
Many inquiries regarding the book came to us 
even before making an announcement. A large 
number of these books should be sold in every 
congregation. The book is now ready to de- 
liver. It contains 370 pages. Illustrated. Sent 
postpaid to any address for $2.00. 
Write us for terms and instructions. 

Elgin, III. 

The Gospel Messenger 

" This Gospel oi the Kingdom shall bo preached 
in the whole world."— Matt. 24: 14. 

"THY KINGDOM COME "— m.«.6 : io ; uk, 11 = 2 

"Till we all attain onto . . 
fullness of Christ."— Eph. 

the stature of the 

Vol. 71 

Elgin, 111., January 28, 1922 

No. 4 

In This Number 

Building the Temple of God.— 3 49 

The Sense of Social Sin 49 

What Soul-hungry People Want, 49 

Rocks and Cement, 49 

Among the Churches 56 

Around the World ..57 

The Quiet Hour 58 

The Forward Movement— 

Our Prayer 53 

Forward Movement Notes, 53 

Meeting of Executive Committee (C. H. S.) S3 

Questions and Answers 53 

Contributors' Forum- 
Looking Backward Through the Years (Poem), 50 

The Minister as a Pastor.— Part Three. By D. P. Hoover 50 

Snap-shots of Paul the Apostle.— Part Two. By Jno. S. Flory, 50 

Self-determination. By A. V. Sagcr, 51 

The Historic Church. By Jaa. A. Sell 51 

The Historic Hour. By Wilbur Stover 51 

Local Boards of Religious Education. By Ezra Flory, 52 

The Round Table— 

The Truly Beautiful. By Edyth HUlery Hay S4 

Discipline and Drill. By Olive A. Smith, 54 

Unkind Silences. By Cora A. Anderson 54 

Moral Blanks. By Archer Wallace 54 

Tt Will Keep the Home Together. By Julia Grnydon 54 

Building Bridges for Other Men. By Mary Prentice Wilson, ..54 

Home and Family — 

The Departure of 1921 (Poem). By James A. Sell, ." 55 

Back to the Farm.— Chapter Two. By Elizabeth Rosenbcrgcr 

Blough, 55 

"As Little Children." By Wealthy A. Burkholdcr, ........ "...SS 

The Faith of Childhood. By Nettie C. Weybright, 55 


Building the Temple of God 

3. What It Means to Build on Christ 

It means much more than we can set down here — 
much more, in detail, but it may be useful, neverthe- 
less, to take note of the two great facts involved. 

It means, first, to rest our hope in Christ's goodness 
rather than in our own. It means that man can not 
lift himself from the mire of human despair by pull- 
ing at his own bootstraps. He must have outside 
help. It means that we are saved by the grace of God, 
as manifest m Christ. 

The teaching of the Scripture on this point is unmis- 
takable, and this is corroborated by the testimony of 
Christian experience. And that testimony is clearest 
where Christian character is ripest and richest. It is 
the godliest of men and women- who have felt most 
keenly their own unworthiness and have been the 
readiest to claim the cross as their only ground of 

In the second place, to build on Christ means to 
adopt his way of life. It means to make his Spirit 
the guiding principle in all human attitudes and re- 
lationships. It means that every question of individual 
character and conduct must be answered, and every 
domestic, civic, industrial, economic, political, na- 
tional and international problem must be solved in 
harmony with the principles and ideals which he taught 
and practiced. 

Since both these truths are essential factors in mak- 
,n g Christ the Real Foundation, there can be no in- 
consistency between them. Yet they are often set in 
opposition to each other. To some minds they seem 
to be mutually exclusive. And even where there is 
professed allegiance to both, many persons instinctively 
stress one, according to their temperament or educa- 
tion, to the practical neglect of the other. Some will 
emphasize the first, even to the verge of actual indif- 
ference to personal character. Others will dwell upon 
the second, even to the point of self-righteous pride. 

f here is a very simple principle which blends these 
two factors into a perfectly-tempered mortar, guaran- 
teed to tie securely the superstructure of this temple 
to the Christ foundation. It is one which was recog- 

nized by the builder of that other temple, erected 
nearly three thousand years ago, a prototype of the 
better one we are now trying to construct. The dis- 
closure of it is in his beautiful prayer at the temple's 
dedication, in which he prays for divine recognition 
of the well-meant purpose of the heart (1 Kings 8: 
39), when accomplishment fails to measure up to this, 
and bases his expectation of forgiveness on that recog- 
nition. If Christian theologians had as much insight 
into spiritual realities as is manifest in that prayer, 
the age-long controversy about grace and works would 
be quickly over. 

For then it would be seen that the 'merit of Christ's 
work avails for human credit in conformity with this 
very principle and not through any juggling of the 
books of the recording angel, nor through any legal 
fiction which attributes to God and Christ feelings 
toward each other which they did not really have. 
Then it would be seen that " God was in Christ," and 
never more so than in the Calvary transaction. 

Building on Christ is no rhetorical fancy. It is a 
concrete fact. It is making him — and when we say 
him we do not mean his physical body, we mean his 
personality, his spirit, the true self — it is making 
him the basis of our hope and effort to save our- 
selves and our fellow-men. That " him " means 
everything about him, but, to state in another form 
what was said above, we may summarize it in this : 
his interpretation of life and his interpretation of 
God. Using the former, we make his way of life our 
way of life in everything. That is, we try to do this. 
We do our best. Using the latter, we do all this in 
the consciousness that our strength is in him (God), 
and in the further exceeding precious consciousness 
that he (God) knows our hearts and that in his sight 
purpose and achievement are ethically one. 

" Other foundation can no man lay than that which 
is laid, which is Jesus Christ." But it is laid, waiting 
for the superstructure. Let us arise and build. 

The Sense of Social Sin 

There is another possibility open to those good 
people who have difficulty in feeling any sense of 
guilt — another, we mean, in addition to looking at 
Christ and noting how far beyond them he is in per- 
sonal holiness. They can look at multitudes of their 
fellow-men who are far below them in opportunities 
for self-improvement and the enjoyment of life, and 
they can ask how much they themselves may be to 
blame for this. And if they wait for an honest 
answer they are likely to experience the satisfaction 
of a new set of conscience pangs. 

The Christian thought of the world is awaking to 
a sense of social sin, a sense of responsibility for the 
unfortunate condition of others — a condition which 
could easily be relieved by earnest and united effort. 
And those whose lives, according to the standards to 
which we have been accustomed, are the highest above 
reproach, are naturally the keenest to feel the weight 
of social obligation. The scope of personal responsi- 
bility is widening rapidly, that is, the realization of it 
is, and this brings a broadening basis for the sense of 
sin. - 

What Soul-Hungry People Want 

It is noteworthy how many newspapers now print 
a verse of Scripture in every issue in some conspicu- 
ous position. A certain organization makes a busi- 
ness of selecting and supplying these verses to the 
newspapers, but this is only a part of the explanation. 

The newspapers would- not use them if they did not 
think they were appreciated by a considerable number 
of their readers. In some cases, the texts are sup- 
plied, with or without comment, by a local minister. 

The editor of a leading religious journal observes 
also an increasing tendency toward expository preach- 
ing on the part of the Christian ministry of today. 
There is less discussion, he says, of miscellaneous 
topics of transitory interest, than in the recent past, 
and more of a disposition to " preach the ' Word.' " 
This is usually done with a distinct application to 
present issues and conditions, as it should be, but the 
trend toward real Scriptural exposition, as the sub- 
stance of preaching and basis for the solution of 
modern problems, as against the practice of merely 
using a text as a peg to hang the sermon on, or even 
not using any Scripture text at all, is at least marked 
enough to be noticeable. 

These tendencies in press and pulpit are both in- 
teresting and encouraging. They bear witness to the 
fact that the hearts of the people are hungry for the 
Word of Everlasting Truth, and that nothing but this 
can satisfy them. 

Rocks and Cement 

The quotation below is taken from a circular letter 
addressed to the members of one of our most active 
congregations and written by the chairman of the con- 
gregation's finance committee. It may be suggestive 
to other churches in like situations and will certainly 
be of interest to everybody : 

We must rebuild the cliurch. The present structure is 
condemned by the building inspectors. We were ordered 
to inspect the foundation walls for the trouble. An in- 
spection by the Trustees and the undersigned Committee 
was made. Our report follows: 

We find the very foundation walls of the church in 
a deplorably bad shape. Many of the stones are loose, 
some are broken and* some are missing entirely. Our 
rebuilding problem is serious but not hopeless. You say 
it looks all right on the surface. Yes, that is true, but 
when we go under the surface, we find the cement soft 
and crumbling, so that a firm and solid support is lack- 
ing. That's the situation. Building up church support is 
the job. Into the very foundation of the structure we 
must build it. 

We count on your help to make the foundation firm 
and solid as a rock, and safe and sound and impervious 
against all instruments of man or the devil. We need 
to get into the foundation immediately two hundred and 
sixty rocks and one hundred and twenty-five barrels of 
cement. We count on you to supply a rock for the foun- 
dation support. 

Cutting down everything possible to the lowest point, 
the Church Support Budget. for 1922 requires $7,500 — 
$5,000 for church needs and $2,500 for Home and Foreign 
Mission needs. We figure on building up this support 
with the following material: 

The Rocks in the Foundation Make It Solid 

10 members who will give $2.00 or more every week §1.00000 

40 members who will give 1.00 or more every week, 2,000.00 

100 members who will give .50 or more every week, 2,500.00 , 

60 members who will give .30 or more every week 900.00 

50 members who will give .25 or more every week 625.00 

The Cement in the Foundation Holds It Firm 

65 members who will give S .10 or more every week $ 325.00 

65 members who will give .05 or more every week 150.00 

The cement will run into the foundation easily and 
hold the rocks firm and fast, but some of the big heavy 
rocks will be hard to get fixed in place, so we want you 
to be a foundation rock who will give $ a week. Re- 
member this covers all in the way of regular Church Sup- 
port, Home Missions and Foreign Missions, a total of 

$ for the year, given through the regular envelopes 

or direct to the solicitor, as you prefer. 

The foundation support will be strong or weak on 
your decision — which shall it be ? r. " count on me " 
pledge is enclosed. 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 28, 1922 


Looking Backward Through the Years 

There's a golden glow of gladness 
Tinting all the days of sadness; 

Rainbow 'gainst the mist of tears; 
Ev'ry day of bitter sorrow 
Has a brighter, sweeter morrow; 

Looking backward through the years. 

Hardships on the way beset us; 
Many trials there to fret us, 

And our efforts met with jeers; 
But the burdens seem much lighter. 
And the gloomy days are brighter; 

Looking backward, through the years. 

Many dark days now seem precious; 
Thoughts of struggles oft refresh us; 

Through the gloom a light appears. 
Over all the days receding, 
There are sheens of beauty speeding; 

Looking backward through the years. 
Times arc changing, scenes are shifting, 
And the years of life are drifting, 

But in vain our doubts and fears; 
Never-ending love is o'er us; 
Brighter days are yet before us; 

Looking backward through life's years. 

When our earthly days are numbered, 
Wakened all of those who slumbered, 

By the voice that ever cheers, § 

Burdens will make glad the story, 
Ev'ry cross will shine with glory; 

Looking backward through life's years. 

—Edmund Spencer Allhands. 

The Minister as a Pastor 

In Three Parts— Part Three, How Pr. 

note Pastoral 

May we now consider how pastoral visitation may 
best be promoted ! Pastoral visiting should be regu- 

The visitation of the congregation should be 
thorough. We must keep records of our visitations, 
for it is not wise to trust to memory alone. Slip- 
shod methods are a source of much misunderstanding 
and offense, which might easily be avoided. It is 
also wise to visit alone. Better results will come from 
the visit, in most cases. People are more free to dis- 
cuss their problems with the minister alone, than in 
the presence of others, even though it be the minister's 

His visits to his people should be continuous as 
well as thorough. Keep them up ! As some one has 
said: " Keep on as does the water-wheel or the wind- 
mill ; nay, better than they, keep revolving even when 
the water fails and the wind falls." Call until you are 
tired; then rest yourself by calling again. Keep at it 
regularly — a little every day will do more than entire 
weeks devoted to this object alone. If we have sys- 
tem in our calling we can accomplish much in a 
short time. The calls need not be long and, m most 
cases, should not be, but conditions are the best 
guides in this matter. 

The regular visiting of the parish never takes the 
place of special pastoral calling. Some pastors may 
make no pretense at regular and systematic pastoral 
visiting, but confine themselves to special calls. There 
are many members whom the pastor will arrange to 
visit more often than others. First, the aged. 
Gather from them reminiscences and experiences, for 
old age grows young again as it lives once more the 
years of its youth. Be patient, sympathetic and will- 
ing to listen, for the words spoken by the aged are of 
great weight, at any rate to themselves, and are, 
therefore, entitled to respect and consideration. You 
can not do more good to an old person than by being 
a first-rate listener. The aged ones will gather from 
your silence sympathy that it is your mission to give. 
Choose appropriate verses of Scripture to read to 

The sick form another class. Be very prompt in 
responding to all requests to visit those who are ill. 
In case of a very sick person, call often. In your 

intercourse with the physician be especially courteous 
and take care never to assume his part or to come into 
conflict with his directions. It is against the code 
of the average physician to give any opinion as to 
the possible recovery or death of a patient, therefore 
do not ask him. It is generally best to pray with the 
sick, unless doing so will unduly alarm them as to 
their condition. Never be gloomy, but let the patient 
and the nurse feel as if a ray of sunshine had come 
in to gladden them. 

The bereaved are another class who will call for the 
pastor's sympathy and fellowship. Go to the house 
of mourning at once. See the mourners alone, if 
possible, and rather encourage, than otherwise, a full 
account from them of the bereavement. It is a con- 
solation to the bereaved to tell of the words and 
acts of their departed one. In administering'needed 
consolation, be real, sincere and true. 

We need also to pay special attention to backsliders. 
We need to watch for the first symptoms of careless- 
ness in members, and attend to it at once. A coal can 
more easily be fanned into a glow while it is yet 
warm. We need to believe in them and they will then 
very often believe in themselves. Never permit them 
to feel that you have lost confidence in them ! Never 
scold or show ill-temper, but let the love of a deep 
pity open the door of their heart for the entrance of 
the Master. 

Another class of people we always have with us, 
that needs special visitation, are the poor. The church 
is poor indeed that has no poor in its midst. Never 
be too busy to give them your constant attention. The 
poor should be your most loyal friends, for their 
approbation is a testimonial to a minister's worth. 
Among them you will probably find the greatest num- 
ber of your saints and those least spoiled by the spots 
of the world. Perhaps from no other class will the 
minister gain greater satisfaction in his ministry. 

The pastor's greatest solicitude should be for the 
unconverted in his parish. He should always keep a 
list of these before him and although he may feel un- 
welcome, yet every opportunity he can gain to win 
them, as his friends, and then win them for his Christ, 
he should grasp. Your success in spiritual ways will 
very largely depend on your willingness to do indi- 
vidual work. We must reach the individual if we 
are to be successful pastors. It is generally true that 
the unconverted dread nothing so much as our speak- 
ing to them on the subject of religion, and yet, if 
rightly done, nothing will win their regard and respect 
more quickly. 

Many ways and means will be found, by every 
pastor, to promote that intercourse through which he 
does his work as an ambassador of Christ. The suc- 
cess which he has, in coming close to his people, will 
be shown by the lessened formality with which they 
regard him, as, little by little, in the passing years, 
the pastor of the church becomes a friend of the 

Johnstown, Pa. 

Snap-shots of Paul the Apostle 

II. Aa a Pastor 

Paul was too busy preaching the Gospel from city 
to city, as a traveling missionary, during most of his 
life, to engage extensively in pastoral work as such. 
But he taught and wrote about the work of the 
pastor, and several times, in his busy life, his work 
was substantially what we regard as a pastoral charge 
today. He had the spirit of a true shepherd of the 
flock. He was all things to all men, so that, by all 
means, he might save some. 

At Antioch the work of Paul and the others was 
largely pastoral. They were teachers, and wonderful 
teachers they were. What care they must have taken 
to develop the spiritual lives of those to whom they 
ministered, is shown in the fact that in a few years 
they developed out of raw material a strong Christian 
community. And the fact that, after only one year of 
this work, the Holy Spirit selected Paul as one of the 
first missionaries to the Gentile world, is clear evidence 

of his success at this time, as a spiritual leader of men. 
Along with his work of establishing churches as a 
missionary, Paul was also a sort of bishop at large 
over the churches he built up. This work frequently 
had to do with the pastoral care of the membership. 
Over the elders who were ordained in every city, 
Paul exercised a directing influence. And some of the 
finest letters he ever wrote are pastoral letters, in 
which he gave instruction to the local elders, or pas- 
tors, as to how they could best develop the spiritual 
lives of those under their care. 

Let us look into one or two of these! When, in 
later life, the increasing labors of the great apostle 
became too heavy, he transferred the oversight of 
some of the churches to younger men, whom he had 
trained up for the purpose. To Timothy he assigned 
a group of churches in Asia Minor. His two letters 
to Timothy are pastoral letters. They are filled with 
advice and instruction pertaining to the spiritual nur- 
ture of those in his care. After enumerating many 
things for the edification of the younger man, Paul 
closes his instruction with these words: " If thou put 
the brethren in mind of these things, thou shalt be a 
good minister of Christ Jesus, nourished in the words 
of the faith. and the good doctrine which thou hast 
followed until now." 

In like manner, Paul appointed Titus to pastoral 
charge of the churches on the island of Crete. In 
his letter to Titus, which is another pastoral letter, 
he instructs him how to deal with difficult problems. 
and details, at some length, the kind of instruction he 
should give to various groups of members in his con- 
gregations. These instructions are typical of others, 
given by'Paul in his various writings for the pastonil 
development of the membership of the churches. 

But Paul was also an actual pastor. He labored at 
Ephesus more than three years. At first his work 
was naturally evangelistic and instructional in char- 
acter, but as the membership grew, more and more 
his efforts would be given to the spiritual nurture of 
his parishioners. 

Paul's modesty prevented him from saying anything 
about this phase of his work at Ephesus, but, fortu- 
nately, Luke, who was associated with him in mucli 
of his missionary work, writing about an entirely dii 
ferent matter, tells an incident in Paul's life that il- 
luminates these activities with a flood of light. 

On his return from his third missionary journey, 
Paul stopped a short while at Miletus, where he called 
the elders of Ephesus to visit him. Luke records the 
address he made to them (Acts 20: 18-35). It is not 
a sermon— just a heart-to-heart talk. He recalls some 
of his former experiences, how he first came in mod- 
esty to them, how he worked among them in hu- 
mility of spirit, sympathizing with them in their trials, 
visiting in their homes day and night, explaining the 
Scriptures, correcting errors, strengthening weak 
members, declaring the whole counsel of God. 

" And when he had thus spoken, he kneeled down 
and prayed with them all. And they all wept sore, 
and fell on Paul's neck and kissed him." How his 
great heart still yearned for them ! ' How he had en- 
twined himself into their hearts' affections! They 
looked upon him as a veritable father, which he was— 
even a spiritual father. They could not but remember 
his unselfish service in their behalf, his words of 
encouragement and direction, his tears of sympathy 
and love. And his self-sacrifice — how he had worked 
with his own hands for his support (at first), that he 
might not be a burden to them, and all for their 
good. Oh, how they loved him ! They felt the force 
"of his great example as well as of his words. 

These expressions of mutual affection were re- 
peated at Tyre, a few weeks later, but we can not 
mention further details. Paul was a great pastor 
as well as a great missionary, and for the same rea- 
son. He had a genuine thirst for the salvation of 
souls. But he was not a man of one idea — he could 
discern the relative importance of the two fields of 
work. If it took evangelism and teaching to start a 
Christian community, it took spiritual nurture and 
training to - develop it. And Paul realized, as we are 
slow to do, that the former without the latter is almost 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 28, 1922 


useless. This is why he appointed pastors over all the 
churches he established, and then wrote back letters 
instructing them how to carry on the work. 
Bridgetvater, Va. 

— « ♦ ■ 

Self -Determination 

" Mary hath chosen the good part." 

Is it only an intellectual operation, as some main- 
tain, when you and I make the proper choice? There 
come up, in our daily lives, questions that must be 
decided one way or the other, when, if we will listen, 
there is an inner voice, challenging us to choose right- 
eously and justly. In the case of Mary, evidently 
there was something more than a mere functioning 
of the mind. Deep down, in the soul of this woman, 
there was a hungering and thirsting for truths that 
were of far greater value than the duties in which 
Martha was so greatly engrossed for the moment. 

Christ did not chide Martha — good soul that she 
was — for her hospitably-inclined nature, which made 
her desire to do her best to entertain her guests, es- 
pecially the One for whom she entertained such a 
profound respect. Should we not take into our hearts' 
the great truth that this lesson teaches us, and be 
able to differentiate, as he did, between the duties that 
are material and those that affect the soul? But the 
mind must function more or less in the life of the 
human soul, otherwise it is as a ship without a rudder. 
A normal man is not guided by his emotions, yet he 
recognizes emotion in its proper sphere and place. 

A man would hardly be human without having 
("notions. But, after all, the fundamental facts are 
;i cultivated mind, habits of thought that will give one 
the power to grasp a situation, coupled with an in- 
ward desire to do the right. An intelligent application 
of self-determination implies the exercise of will- 
power, force of character and self-restraint. The law 
of life is graphically illustrated in the story of our 
first parents in the Garden of Eden. And the edict 
given to them comes to us, down through the cen- 
turies, with all of its force, as true as it was then. 
The forbidden fruit, with all of its insinuating at- 
tractiveness, disguised in a thousand different colors, 
is within our reach. And the old serpent is just as 
busy, just as persistent, as he ever was. Thousands 
are yielding every day to this appeal to their lower 
nature. No one can escape the consequences of sin. 

This law of life has never been abrogated — never 
will be. Would you have an easier way? Would you 
have laws and regulations for this and for that? A 
paternal form of government is "very appealing, too, 
ior church and state. But no nation has ever grown 
up strong and vigorous with the spy and espionage 
system. Germany is one example. What a mar- 
velous machine it was ! Its citizens were mere cogs 
m the great wheels of this monster machine. Col- 
lectively, it was a mighty force that nothing could 
stop with good leadership, as was proved in the great 
war. But individually it was without self-reliance, 
without initiative. Implicit obedience to their supe- 
riors was the lesson that was constantly inculcated 
m the mind of the ordinary citizen. There was no 
chance for the development of self-determination. 

It is safe to say that childhood is the proper time 
to commence developing this important faculty. We 
all agree that the formation of character always fol- 
lows the knowledge of choice. First of all, a child 
should be taught that the forbidden fruit is always 
present, that there is no smooth road by which a 
strong and vigorous character can be built. This is a 
great age for amusement. The old as well as the 
young are everlastingly chasing the phantom of di- 
version. Instead of being taught the hard facts of 
bfe, every device is sought out for the amusement of 
young people and children. Thus habits are formed 
that have a tendency to make them peevish and irri- 
table through their entire life. 

oelf-determination requires of every man and 
woman a full development of his God-given powers. 
Every normal man should form the habit of high 
thinking. He should have the prophetic mind — a 
m 'nd that carries him to the loftiest ideals of life and 

gives him a fine sense of discrimination, as well as 
self-restraint, in times of a crisis. With this spirit 
of citizenship, a nation is safe under all circumstances, 
If this is true of a nation, what can be said of the 
church ? 

Fairfax, Va. 

The Historic Church 


The " historic Dunker " church is located in the 
old Manor congregation, Washington County, Md. It 
is nearly in the center of the Antietam battle-field, 
where the Union and Confederate armies met in 
deadly conflict during the Civil War. 

The house was built in 1SS3. It was badly damaged 

during the battle of Sept. 17, 1862, repaired again 
for service m 1863, and it was destroyed by a cyclone- 
May 23, 1921. 

It was located in a State where slavery was not 
only permitted, but was protected by law. To inter- 
fere with the institution was regarded as a criminal 
offense, and the transgressor was subject to prosecu- 
tion. However, this humble temple was dedicated to 
the free discussion of slavery, peace, temperance, as 
well as all other subjects that stand for righteousness. 
From its rostrum these subjects were freely discussed 
by the ministers of the day, among whom were Elders 
David Long, Daniel Wolf and D. P. Sayler. 

Here slavery was denounced before Jotin Brown 
struck his blow at Harper's Ferry, that cost him bis 
life, and which, doubtlessly, was an aggravation that 
contributed to the precipitation of the Civil War. 

Plere prohibition was advocated before other re- 
ligious bodies had taken such an advanced step on the 
subject. Here peace, through reasonable arbitration 
to settle difficulties between individuals and nations, 
rather than to resort to war, was advocated when such 
notions were frowned upon as the visionary ideas of 

Strange, indeed, was the irony of fate that the war 
that liberated the slaves, should almost destroy one of 
the temples where the abolition of slavery was pro- 
claimed as one of its tenets — -before the nation thought 
of coming to blows. At any rate, its scars have given 
it prestige. 

It stands before a nation's sight, 
AM glorious in its blessed light. 

The house was a storm center during the fury of 
the battle, as it served as a shelter from bursting 

shells and flying bullets while the battle raged, and be- 
came a hospital when the battle was over. In its ex- 
perience it stands in a class of its own. No other 
structure had a similar experience. 

The land whereon it stands was donated by Bro 
Samuel Mumma. His daughter, Sister M. Alice 
Mumma, furnished the data and pictures. She, then 
a young girl, with the family, left their home on the 
morning of the battle, and at a safe distance heard the 
roar and clatter of the cannons and muskets untif the 
curtains of night closed the world in darkness and 
chained the dogs of war. On their return home they 
found their buildings in ashes, their religious home 
shattered, the products of the farm destroyed, the 
stock all taken away,' and their beautiful fields strewn 
with the dead and wounded, who were the victims of 
'Ims fearful engagement. She is one of the few sur- 
Vivors who can tell, from a living experience, the 
story ui this terrible ordeal. 

This house, with its association, inspired the follow- 
ing stanzas: 

In primal days this house was built, 
Wherein to worship God. 
Withjii tins refuge young and old 
In solemn silence trod. 

They came to hear God's Word proclaimed 
That tells to one and all 
How the whole world was plunged in sin 
By Adam's dreadful fall. 
The weary souls on Sabbath days 
Came here for peace and rest. 
They sang their songs in solemn strains 
And found their souls were blest. 
They could not draw the veil aside 
To see what is before, 

Or tell when they should reach the pjace 
Where trouble comes no more. 
The clouds of war o'ercast the land 
And armies marshalled here, 
And 'midst the din and clash of arms 
They faced the battle drear. 
When cannons belched their red-hot breath 
And poured their shells and balls, 
The sentries found a hiding place 
Behind its sheltering walls. 
The war-horse left his cruel scars 
Upon this shrine of peace. 
That mutely pleads in plaintive tones 
For strife and woe to cease. 
The ones who stand for peace on earth 
And freedom for the slave, 
Will, in the better days to come, 
Be called the true and brave. 
This temple now in ruin lies 
Upon a lonely hill. 
The influence of its day and time 
The world can never kill. 
Its storm-tossed roof and shattered walls- 
Memorials of the past — 
Are pointing to a better day. 
When peace will reign at last. 
lloU'uhysburg, Pa. 

The Historic Hour 


Hard times have hit us. Such a period always fol- 
lows a great war. It was so in the past. It is so 
now again. In this, history is but repeating itself. 
But during a period of hard times, men set to and 
think seriously. After the wars that England had, 
over 100 years ago, when she was hit hard, good men 
got together and organized the British and Foreign 
Bible Society. It often happens so. What is the 
most impelling thing upon us just now? Can we see 

^ i i\f, 

First of all, it appears to me, that one of our 
greatest needs is an adjustment between the young 
men in our colleges, who are preachers, and the con- 
gregations who want preachers. That is, there is, 
somehow, a gulf between the field and the worker. 
The field wants the worker and the worker wants the 
field, but when the worker is through with his col- 
lege work, he has experience mostly in canvassing 
and teaching and doing general farm work. He can 
get good' pay at this too; while the congregations 
do not know if they want him, and he is not so sure 
that he wants them. There you are. That is the 
problem. How to solve it is the question. 

(Continued on Page 58) 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 28, 1922 

Local Boards of Religious Education 

General Sunday-school Secretary 

We have been urged to say something about Boards 
of Religious Education in local churches. Many of 
our churches have them already and others are plan- 
ning to have them. The purpose of this part of our 
organization is to plan and oversee the new program 
of church work and to accomplish it more efficiently. 
This board usually consists of five members, in- 
cluding the pastor or elder, who is an ex-officio mem- 
ber. The others are chosen two each year, for two 
years, thus forming a permanent board. Their duties 
are carefully stated before a choice is made and it 
would be well to have them given a sacred charge 
like other church officers. Among their duties are, 
first, the organization of the Sunday-school ; second, 
the providing of the teaching materials or curriculum ; 
third, the correlation of the various teaching func- 
tions'of the church— Sunday-school, Vacation Church 
School, week-day school, young people's activities, 
missionary and temperance instruction; fourth, co- 
operation with the District Board of Religious Edu- 
cation, as well as with similar other boards of the 
Brotherhood. They will make regular reports to the 
councils of the churches selecting them. 

In choosing the officers of the Sunday-school, it wiU 
be understood that any member of this board may be 
selected, if thought best by them to do so. They will 
not only choose all the officers and teachers, but will 
do so prayerfully and with a view of granting the 
wishes of classes, as far as advisable. Young people's 
organizations will be effected by selecting one of the 
Board members to meet with one chosen by the young 
people. Reports of this sub-committee will be made 
at regular intervals to this Board of Religious Educa- 
tion. No teacher may be dismissed without the con- 
■ sent of this Board. Problems involving the executive 
function of the Sunday-school, will he considered in 
regular workers' meetings, when this board will be 
represented with the other workers. All departments 
of the educational work of the church except, per- 
haps, the ministry, will be under the direction of this 
Board. Due consideration will be given to all parts 
of the program in the church, so that cooperation in 
a well-balanced program may be effected. 

Many of the State Districts have such boards al- 
ready, but in order to accomplish the most and best 
work, local churches should provide them also. The 
church is bigger than any department in the church, 
therefore these Educational Boards are the servants 
of all phases of church interests educationally. 
Elgin, III. 


"Write what ihoi 

will answer our purposes for some years at least. The 
structure, including the entrance colonnade, is fifty-five 
feet in width and nearly one hundred feet in length. 
The seats for the main auditorium are both comfortable 
and attractive— as good as the best of them. The aisles 
are carpeted with rubber. The acoustics of the room 
are practically perfect. For Sunday-school work, we 
have, including this auditorium, eight rooms, and can 
easily accommodate nine classes— two of them very 
large. In fact, we have two buildings, one of them be- 
ing a small class-room. The arrangements enable us to 
have separate rooms for the Christian Workers and the 
Sisters' Aid Society. It will thus be seen that we are 
quite well equipped for the various lines of church activ- 
ities. The buildings are surrounded by a well-kept lawn. 
A more convenient corner for a church could not be 
found in town. Including the winter tourists,, nearly one 
hundred members are living within ten minutes' walk 
of the church. 

The day closed with a good sermon by Eld. J. V. Felt- 
house. All told there were seventeen preachers pres- 
ent and we are to hear from a number of them before 
the winter is over. This, however, leads up to other 
services that are to follow in their order. Next Sunday, 
Sister Eva Trostle, of Bethany Bible School, is to be 
with us, to remain two weeks. Soon after she closes her 
work, Eld. O. H. Feiler, of Kansas, begins a revival meet- 
ing. Up to this time Bro. Zigler has been conducting a 
very interesting Bible class once a week. From all this 
it will be seen that those spending the winter in Sebring, 
as well as thos_e residing here, are receiving an unusual 
amount of spiritual uplift. J. H. Moore. 

Jan. 9. -•- 

The subject of this sketch was born at Weyers Cave, 
Va., Nov. 14, 1857, and died Dec. 4, 1921, aged sixty-four 
years and twenty days. 
Death was caused by effects 
of the "flu." He had two 
sisters and five half-brothers. 
One sister and one brother 
preceded him. He spent his 
entire life at Weyers Cave, 
excepting the winter of 
1915, which was spent in 
Florida. He married Kate 
Wampler Nov. 20, 1884. They. 
had one son and two daugh- 
ters. ' There are six grand- 
children. Mary sailed for 
China July 26, ,1919, and is 
now working on that field. 
John W. Cline His wife died in 1917 and 

several years later he mar- 
ried Sister Lizzie Wright. 

He was a member of the church for about thirty-seven 
years. He was very diligent in business, honest and up- 
right in every respect. His was a life of true godliness. 
He was a very quiet man. He could always be depended 
upon to do his part in church work in a financial or 
any other way. He was a liberal contributor to one 
college and other works beneficial to the church. Bro. 
Cline was a lover of his church and was never " known 
to stay away from services excepting for sickness. 

Services at the Pleasant Valley church by Bro. John 
S. Flory, assisted by Bro. S. D. Miller. Interment in the 
adjoining cemetery. Mrs. M. C. Williams. 

Mt. Sidney, Va. 


Jan. 8, 1922, will long be remembered in Sebring as 
the occasion for the formal dedication of our new and 
enlarged church. The day was ideal. The weather 
could not have been finer— just warm enough to be real 
pleasant without a fire. The audience was large, over- 
flowing into adjoining rooms. 

There were some inspiring songs. The opening prayer 
was offered by Eld. P. S. Miller, of Roanoke, Va. This 
was followed by a brief statement regarding the build- 
ing and the grounds. A little over five years ago, a small 
chapel was erected. The church soon outgrew the ca- 
pacity of the building. Plans were then matured to re- 
move the little chapel to a better-located lot, and add to 
it a much larger and more commodious auditorium. All 
of this having been completed, the Brethren at Sebring 
now have two splendidly located lots, which, with the 
church buildings, are valued at $11,200. There was a debt 
of $1,100. Pledges were secured for this amount. Then 
followed the dedicatory address by Eld. D. H. Zigler, of 
Broadway, Va., who owns a home near the chwrch, and 
spends his winters here. Bro. Zigler was at his best, 
and his address was a strong one. He also offered the 
dedicatory prayer. And so our commodious building was 
declared to be free of debt and formally dedicated to 
the Lord and to his services. The congregation arose 
and sang: "All hail the power of Jesus' name." 

It was a glorious meeting and everybody felt happy, 
especially the members who reside in this part of the 
State. We can now feel that we have a building that 


A trip to the Golden State, in these days of modern 
travel, is in great contrast with that of the early fifties, 
just after the discovery of gold. Then there was a 
great rush to the coast, in quest of sudden wealth. Hun- 
dreds of covered wagons were equipped and drawn by 
horses, mules, oxen or cows— the time requiring as many 
months then, as it requires days now. It was a long 
and hazardous trip over the mountains and the broad 
expanse of desert land. While many succeeded in reach- 
ing their destination, no small number perished by the 
way, or abandoned their coveted goal. 

We left our Ohio home Dec. 13. It afforded us pleas- 
ure to make a brief stop at Bethany Bible School. Here 
is found a fine student body, who have in mind a life 
of service for the Master. While these are mostly young 
people, some are approaching middle life — taking school 
work in order to render more efficient service. 

We also had the pleasure of stopping a few days at 
Waterloo, Iowa. Because of the ideal conditions of this 
rural community, referred to by the rural survey, put 
on by President Roosevelt, this community, and especially 
Orange Township, in Blackhawk County, has attracted 
more or less attention throughout the agricultural world. 
It is certainly a great inspiration to rural folks to 
visit this place, with its various religious, educational 
and community activities. The financial depression and 
the extremely low prices of farm products are just as 
manifest here as in other grain-growing sections. Not- 
withstanding these conditions, we are informed that there 

is no delinquency in the support of the five foreign 
missionaries maintained by the various departments of 
the Waterloo congregation. 

There are other congregations in Iowa that are to be 
commended for their aggressive church work. Iowa is 
a liberal contributor to the student body of Mount Mor- 
ris College. 

Passing on through America's greatest corn belt, we 
reach Kansas City, which is one of the very few large 
cities that can boast of a strictly union depot. This is 
a great advantage to the traveling public. Here a tourist 
sleeper was secured. Ours was a long train of chair 
cars, tourist and standard sleepers, well filled with pas- 
sengers, representing many States of the Union, as well 
as Canada— mostly en route for California. They hoped 
to reach their destination in time to spend Christmas— 
the happiest day of the year— with friends and loved 
ones. As on other trips, the passengers of our tourist 
car were a congenial collection of people of the common 
class, and of easy approach. The effect of the late 
World War was very prominent. Among the victims 
of the war, there was a soldier from Winnipeg on our 
car, en route to San Diego, Calif., in quest of a warmer 
climate. He had been "gassed" while in France. This 
unfitted him for the cold climate of his native land. We 
had with us also a little boy, two years old, who had 
lost his father in the Argpnne battle. 

Passing through the grain fields of Western Kansas 
and Colorado, where there are thousands of prosperous 
homes, our memories went back to our school-days, when 
this "region was given on the maps of our geographies 
as the "Great American Desert," or "Staked Plain." 
West of the Rocky Mountains are vast areas of fertile 
land, with little or no vegetation— all for the want of 
moisture. At the rapid rate of developing various irri- 
gation projects, and by the construction of -large-dams 
across canyons, by State and Federal governments, some 
. day much of this vast arid plain will be dotted by great 
numbers of flourishing homes. 

Our trip was made without any special incident, ex- 
cept a slight delay caused by a landslide and a bridge 
washout, caused by excessive rains. While the rains 
were just a little late in coming, all of California is now 
blessed with an abundance of moisture. Orange, and 
lemon picking is the order of the day here. The crop us 
a fair one. The financial embarrassment of the East and 
Middle West is not so much in evidence here. Churches, 
schools, fruit growers, mechanics and various kinds or 
other labor, seem to be flourishing. Levi Minnich. 

La Verne, Calif. 

« ♦ » 


A Bible and Sunday-school Institute will be held at 
Juniata College, Huntingdon, Pa., Feb. 6 to 10. 

Feb. 6, 7:30 P. M. Address.— Dr. I. H. Brumbaugh. 
Three Consciousnesses Necessary for Aggressive Chris- 
tian Work— C. D. Bonsack. 

Feb. 7, 8:45 A. M. The Epistle to the Ephesians.— 
T. T. Myers. The Program of the Local Church.— C. D. 
Bonsack. Where Reason and Faith Function— A. B. 
Van Ormer. 1:30 P.M. The Religion of Religious Psy- 
chology.— C. C. Ellis. What Is Meant by Verbal Inspira- 
tion?— James M. Gray. 7:15 P. M. Underlying Princi- 
ples of Missionary Success.— C. D. Bonsack. The Bible 
and Its Critics.— J. M. Gray. 

Feb. 8, 8 : 45 A. M. A Platform for Religious Education. 
— C. C. Ellis. Teaching Without Telling.— H. K. Ober. 
The Importance of the Christian Home.— C. D. Bonsack. 
1:30 P. M. Making Ideals Real.— H. K. Ober. The 
Epistle to the Romans— J. M. Gray. Ephesians— T. T. 
Myers. 7:15 P. M. Romans— J. M. Gray. Illustrated 
Lecture on Tokio— H. K. Ober. 

Feb. 9, 8:45 A. M. Religious Education a'Necessity.- 
W. G. Landes. Romans.— J. M. Gray. Mr. and Mrs. 
Norton. 1:30 P. M. The Four-Square Worker.— W. G. 
Landes. The Nortons. Romans— J. M. Gray. 7:15 P. 
M. The Nortons. The Plains of Ono — W. G. Landes. 

Feb. 10, 9:45 A. M., Round Table Discussion and Echo 
Meeting.— T. T. Myers. 


Rule A.—" Licensed or ordained ministers is charge of churches as 
settled pastors.— A certificate will be issued under this rule to the 
principal ministers (not to assistants) of a church of, the denomina- 
tions that do not believe in a paid ministry, provided his only other 
occupation is farming; but this does not include ministers of such 
denominations who farm, and who, in addition, derive an income from 
the church in the form of salary, free-will offerings or donations. 
Ministers, other than settled pastors of such denominations, who are 
engaged in farming will not be granted clergy certificates." 

The Annual Conference at Hershey, last June, instructed 
or requested me, to see if some relief could be secured 
for our farmer ministers, who had been receiving clergy 
rates, but were denied in 1921 and now again in 1922. 

1. We are classed as a denomination that does not 
believe in a paid ministry. 

. 2. We have been, for many years past, classed as a 
church serving practically only in the country, and that, 
therefore, our ministers are all farmer*. 

3. For many years several ministers in the same con- 
gregation received clergy permits because they were 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 28, 1922 


farmers (renters, or owners of one or more farms), while 
other ministers who frequently did more preaching than 
the farmer-preachers, could not get clergy fares, be- 
-ause they were teachers, clerks, day-laborers, etc. 

The railroads are wise to the situation (and not to 
our credit, either, as a denomination), and have decided 
that the man who is settled as a pastor can secure a 
clergy permit — and he only; or that the farmer, who is 
in charge of a church and receives no remuneration from 
the church, shall receive a clergy permit. 

This condition is still a discrimination against many 
brethren who are serving churches regularly and of 
free-will, but can not receive the clergy rate because 
they are teachers, clerks and laborers. 

Some action from the Conference will be needed be- 
fore we can expect any changes from present rulings. 
We are hot discriminated against, as related to other 

A further ruling is herewith appended to avoid un- 
necessary correspondence: "Clergy fares can only be 
secured through the medium of certificates issued by the 
clergy bureaus; trip permits will not be issued by the 
bureaus or by the railroads." Dr. S. B. Miller, 

General Railway Transportation Agent. 

Cedar Rapids, Iowa. 


Delegations from the Pacific Coast colleges met 
Dec. 26 to Jan. 2 for an eight-day session at Asilomar, 
Calif. About 300 students, representing 14 colleges, at- 

tended. One of our own colleges — La Verne — was repre- 
sented by two delegates, John Price and Herman Landis. 
The program was varied, consisting of Bible discus- 
sion groups, international forums, problems of college 
life, and addresses. The trend of the addresses and 
classes was toward increased, unselfish social service on 
the part »of the American college student. Particular 
power was added to this spirit through the study of 
international questions, discussed by men who had been 
abroad many years. 

The principal speakers were Dr. D. W. Kurtz, of Mc- 
pherson College, J. Stitt Wilson, a noted lecturer, and 
Pres. R. B. von Klein Smid, of the University of South- 
ern California. 

Dr. Kurtz gave a very clear, powerful, convincing 
series on Christian fundamentals. He also gave an ad- 
dress on the personal life of the college student, empha- 
sizing the qualities which are required to make an all- 
round man. Every one appreciated Dr. Kurtz and gave 
him a very hearty invitation to return next year. 

One of the most interesting meetings, to the mem- 
bers of the Church of the Brethren, attending the Con- 
ference, was the denominational conference, held on the 
evening of Dec. 29. We had a very good evening's dis- 
cussion of the history, present message, and future of 
our beloved church. 

Those attending this Conference came away with a 
vision and an inspiration to make their life count for 
God and righteousness in this present critical, crucial, 
and tragic period of world history. 

David R. BomboCger. 

733 Maple Street, Pasadena, Calif. 

in its material advancement alone, but in the spiritual 
values of faith and hope. The spirit of hope would 
add much to the advancement of many of our 
churches. Financial reverses have been a blessing, 
and to be unable to get all we want has been a source 
of personal profit. " All things work together for 
good to those who love the Lord." Hallelujah! 

The Executive Committee of the Forward 
Movement has agreed on a budget, for 1922, of $334,- 
500.00. This is much less than was asked for last 
year, because it includes nothing for the colleges, no 
Home Mission fund, Sunday-school budget cut in 
two, and all committees reduced to a minimum. Yet 
it is much more than was received this year — unless 
the next six weeks surprise us — the excess needs hav- 
ing been met with a balance from last year, and a sub- 
stantial amount in the China Famine Fund. There 
are no special funds to look forward to for next year, 
so we must raise the budget and go splendidly over 
the top, if we want to maintain the reputation of 
the Church of the Brethren in always doing its work 
faithfully and well. 

The Forward Movement Department 

Conducted by the General Director, Chas. D. Bonsack 

2Dur Pinyzt 

We bless thee, O God, for the gift of Jesus Christ, in 
whom thou hast declared thy eternal purpose and the 
glory of thy love. We thank thee for the grace which 
reaches sinners through Christ, our Lord. We praise 
thee for the fairer world beyond the skies, from whence 
he came, and whither he went and in which he is pre- 
paring a place for his loved ones. Make us glad in thee, 
and our lives rich in the joy of faith and service for 
thee. Grant that this hope may be the supreme thing 
in us every day, so that all we touch and do may be 
hallowed to the glory and progress of thy Kingdom in 
Christ. Amen. * ■+■ « 

Meeting of Executive Committee 

A letter sent to the Local Directors, announcing 
a meeting of the Executive Committee for Jan. 18, 
had asked which, they thought, the Forward Move- 
ment should have- 1 —" A new birth, a wedding, as in 
the first year, or a funeral? " It was the possibility 
of any of these, which made the meeting of more 
than ordinary concern. But it has passed, and we 
believe that the wish of the church has been expressed 
through the Executive Committee. In addition to 
the members of the Committee who are resident at 
Elgin, Brethren J. W. Lear, W. J. Swigart and E. 
B. Hoff were present, to represent their respective 
Board or Committee. 

Perhaps the most noticeable feature of the meet- 
ing was the predominant spirit of cooperation, ex- 
pressed by the entire personnel of the Committee, 
and the unanimous conviction that the Forward Move- 
ment must go on. This was in keeping with the 
response from the Local Directors, who had replied 
to the above question. These replies were represent- 
ative, coming from large and small congregations, 
city and rural, and from various representatives of 
College and State Districts. One of the most en- 
couraging testimonies came from a sister, working in 
a struggling congregation in the southern mountains, 
who felt that it would be a calamity to curtail the 
Forward Movement. 

The most concrete question, calling for coopera- 
tion, was that, of the united budget. The spirit of 
this effort has been most sorely tried during the pres- 
ent year, when every Board and Committee has re- 
ceived less than an adequate amount of money to pro- 
mote its work. It is only natural that under such 
circumstances there would arise a desire on the part 
of the individual Boards, to withdraw from the coop- 
erative effort, and to return to what was virtually a 
spirit of competition, prior to the united budget of 
1920. But it is most encouraging that the Execu- 

tive Committee stood in favor of advancing together, 
each helping the other, and all working for the prog- 
ress of the church. 

The estimated budget of the several Boards and 
Committees for 1922 was placed at $334,500. This is 
$190,500 less than the asking of last year, and is 
based upon the amount of money essential for a re- 
stricted program in every department of church ac- 
tivity. At the suggestion of the Joint Boards, in their 
meeting last fall, the Educational Board is not in- 
cluding an amount in the budget, to be pooled among 
the colleges, as has been done for the two years past. 

The question of Directorship was also- one of 
importance, in connection with the future program 
of the Movement. There was a strong feeling that 
it would be unwise to change the Director at this 
stage, and that Bro. Bonsack should continue to direct 
the work. This, however, seemed almost impossible, 
in view of his being Secretary of the Mission Board. 
However, after thorough discussion he was prevailed 
upon to continue as Director, and C. H. Shamberger 
was asked to become Assistant Director, in connec- 
tion with his work as Secretary of the Christian 
Workers' Board. The combining of these offices 
shows the desire of the Executive Committee to pro- 
mote the work with but little additional expenditure 
of money. , + , c. H. s. 

Forward Movement Notes 

In a letter from one of our sisters, working in 
the mountain sections, she tells of how four " moon- 
shiners " have become interested attendants at the 
Christian Workers' Society. This is the best method 
of all in solving the problem of these law-breaking 
citizens. This Christian Workers' Meeting is neither 
dead nor sleeping. How is it with yours? 

With the many duties, in relation to the work 
of the General Mission Board, demanding so much 
of our time and attention, the Executive Committee 
has asked that Bro. Chauncey H. Shamberger be 
asked to be Assistant Director of the Forward Move- 
ment, in connection with his work as Secretary of 
the Christian Workers' Board. He has already been 
giving valuable service, but this shall be increased 
much in the future, to the advancement of the work, 
we trust. 

The Rotary Clubs of America are spending a 
million and a quarter dollars for 75,000 billboards to 
advertise hope, prosperity and optimism. This clearly 
shows us how the prosperity of a nation rests, not 

Questions and Answers 

Some of our folks have gotten the opinion that taxes 
to the government are a part of the tithe. This seems 
to have been the result of a meeting they attended at 
which you spoke on this subject. Did you say it that 
way? I , i : 

Well, we hope not. This erroneous impression 
may have come from an attempt to answer the oft- 
asked question, as to how to compute the tithe. To 
this question we may have said that, in the example 
of a farmer, he could pay his taxes, hired labor, seed, 
etc., as a legitimate expense of his business and sub- 
tract from his gross income from the farm, before 
computing the tithe. But in no case should the taxes 
be paid from the tithe. The tithe is the Lord's and 
should not be used for any expense that is yours to 
pay — not even the support of your aged parents or 
helpless children. Let us be careful to render unto 
Caesar that which is Caesar's, and unto God that which 
is God's. 

On the other hand, tithing is not a legal demand 
of an exacting judge. It is a divine method of main- 
taining right relations in faithful stewardship for the 
Lord. We will err and may have different methods 
of computing a tithe or administering our steward- 
ship. We must not sit as critical judges, but as breth- 
ren and disciples of a Loving Father. We should 
help each other into the highest expression of faith- 
ful stewardship. 

I have made nothing on my farm this year; from what 
should I tithe? 

That may be true but yet, you have had a living. 
This would mean, for the average family, with aver- 
age comforts in the markets, an expenditure of from 
five hundred to a thousand dollars, at least. Since 
our living should be kept with the nine-tenths, it is 
easy to see about what belongs to the Lord. A farmer 
who gets so much profit in living, improved fertility 
of farm, etc., does not have a very definite basis for 
calculation, especially in lean years; but an apprecia- 
tion of God's claim will find a liberal basis for di- 
vision with him, even if it must be approximated, 
rather than .counted. 

In calculating the tithe, should a renter of a farm 
pay his rent before establishing the basis from which he 
estimates the tithe? 

That depends on other considerations. Strictly, 
land rent which produces our income should be de- 
ducted as a legitimate expense of our business. But 
house rent, which is necessary in our living expenses, 
should not be deducted. This, with all other expenses, 
that make up our living, should come only after the 
tithe has been calculated, or set apart. This will re- 
quire only an estimate. But Gospel tithing is not in 
the technical details of mathematical calculations, but 
in the generous recognition of our stewardship to 
God. Yet certain principles must be recognized in 
any attempt to calculate how much the Lord has pros- 
pered us, which we are too prone to forget and ignore, 
in our usual thought of God's goodness. 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 28, 1922 


The Truly Beautiful 


How few of the really great and good were pos- 
sessed of physical beauty and perfection of features! 
Even the blessed Son of God had — we are told — 
neither form nor comeliness, that men should desire 
him. John the Baptist is always pictured as a gaunt, 
rough-looking man. 

Abraham Lincoln was conspicuous, wherever he 
went, because of his positively homely features, and 
the awkwardness of his frame and carriage. A not- 
able exception were his eyes. These, I believe, are 
always beautiful in good people. 

As I study the portrait of T. DeWitt Talmage, the 
noted divine and author, I see a lofty forehead and 
deep-set, clear eyes, but a nose that appears to be 
almost a deformity. He had very prominent cheek- 
bones and an extra-wide mouth. 

The picture of Tryon Edwards is anything but 
handsome, and yet there is something fine-looking 
about him, too. 

As regards women — so few beautiful women have 
been good that I almost hesitate to say anything about 
them. Oh, yes, there was Thee! a, of the Apocrypha, 
and there was Lady Sanford, too — but history abounds 
with those who were otherwise. 

On the other hand, who would have called Joan of 
Arc beautiful? She had strong features, to be sure, 
but she was not pretty. 

Queen Elizabeth was goodness personified, but no 
one ever called her good-looking. 

Sarah Bernhardt, most noted and best-loved French 
tragedienne, was hopelessly impossible, so far as 
facial attractiveness was concerned. 

Maude Ballington Booth, commander in chief of 
the Salvation Army, is not pretty — neither is Miss 
Addams of Hull House, but no one questions their 

It is a poor ambition to long for physical beauty. 
We all need sincerely to pray the prayer of Socrates: 
" I pray thee, O God, that I may be beautiful within ! " 

Goshen, Ind. . +. . 

Discipline and Drill 


Europeans who come to this country sometimes 
remark that they see little difference between their 
government and ours. They say : " Our sovereign 
has no more personal power than does your Presi- 

That is because they do not discern the underly- 
ing principle of democracy. While there may be no 
great outward difference, there is a distinction which 
we, as Americans, often fail to appreciate. 

Some one has likened democracy to a pyramid 
which rests upon its base, while autocracy is like a 
pyramid resting upon its apex. In 1914, a prince in 
some European country was assassinated. Immedi- 
ately the entire country, and neighboring countries, 
were in a state of upheaval. In our own country, 
three presidents have been assassinated, yet the govern- 
ment was not seriously disturbed. The pyramid did 
not tremble. 

It is not the form of our government, it is the 
lack of individual consecration to the highest aims of 
democracy, which keeps us being a model of 
that form which is the best on earth. On every hand 
we hear preached the necessity for " more legisla- 
tion," and more " mass action." Laws should be 
passed against profiteering, against certain institutions 
and amusements, say these advocates of legislation. 
But all the laws imaginable can not control these 
things, unless back of them is the individual mind — 
the unity of thought and purpose. Legislation can 
never go beyond the sentiment of its constituency. 

The difference between democracy and autocracy is 
the difference between discipline and drill. The war 
showed that the German soldiers — supposedly the best 

disciplined in the world — were, in reality, the most 
undisciplined. They were drilled, but drill is physical, 
discipline is spiritual. Drill is the result of obeying 
another's orders, discipine is the result of obedience 
to one's own best self. The former Kaiser of Ger- 
many is, in a sense, the only surviving representative 
of genuine autocracy. Jesus Christ was the first rep- 
resentative of genuine democracy. The one said : 
" With this mailed fist we will conquer the world." 
The Other said: "I, if I be lifted up, will*draw all 
men unto me." 

Civilization trembles in the task of choosing, yet it 
begins to realize the meaning of choice between the 
two. The great demonstrations on the part of the 
common people, who declare against provision for 
war, are hopeful signs. All the vicarious suffering 
in the world will not make the world " safe for de- 
mocracy " unless individuals exemplify, in their lives, 
the principles of democracy. 

It is for us to take the lead—to demonstrate our 
ability to lead, in a moral and spiritual sense, even as 
we claim the ability to lead in material things. 

Emporia, Kans. 

Unkind Silences 


I saw a prayer in the Young Women's Christian 
Association publication which asked, among other 
things, to be delivered from unkind words and unkind 

Unkind silences! How we need to guard ourselves, 
lest we be found guilty of this sin! It is bad enough 
to show a display of temper, or to be hasty in ouc 
speech, but I sometimes think it is worse to say 
nothing. I'd rather be "blessed out" than treated 
with silent contempt. I can fuss back or answer ac- 
cusations, but what can I say when people take it all 
out in looking instead of saying? 

Especially in our meeting with strangers is it nec- 
essary for us to beware of unkind silences. What 
can make a person feel more ostracized than to have 
those around him just to "say nothing" ? It makes 
the chair you are sitting in uncomfortable. 

It is just as easy to be pleasant and affable as to 
sit still and say nothing, when a word would make 
others feel better. We have no right to hold our- 
selves aloof and try to freeze others out. If we 
can't take them into the inner circle, at least there's 
room for them around us. When you say absolutely 
nothing, you make them feel like incumbrances upon 
the face of the earth. 

An unkind silence is a sin of omission. The power 
and scope of one kind word has never been overes- 
timated. There is an opportunity every hour for us 
to drop a kind word as we pass along. Let's say 
them and never be guilty of remaining silent when 
we have one of these opportunities. 

Atlanta, Ga. »-♦_ 

Moral Blanks 


Thomas Chalmers once said : " There are no 
moral blanks— there are no neutral characters." 

In the main, no doubt, this is true. We are either 
on one side or the other, but it must be admitted 
that with some people it Js exceedingly difficult to 
find out which side they are on. Certainly they are 
noUsufficiently identified with any cause to be much 
of a strength to it. 

From all accounts we have, we gather that Jesus 
never hesitated. He was constantly being subjected 
to searching and generally critical inquiry, yet we 
have no single instance in which he was unable to 
answer a question. Because of his moral perfection, 
he never hesitated. 

Most of us recognize that our hesitation is due to 
imperfectly developed Christian lives, and at times 
we come perilously near being " moral blanks." Not 
many weeks ago we heard of an incident which illus- 
trates how men of moral strength impress others. 

At a school board meeting a member — who was 
absent — was quoted as having said a certain thing 
which was not very creditable. Instantly a friend 

arose and said : " I have known Mr. B — for thirty 
years, and I am positive that he did not say — could 
not say — that thing." Subsequent investigation proved 
that the man was right. He knew his friend well 
enough to know that the mean and contemptible thing 
was beneath him. 

That man evidently was no " moral blank." He 
knew where he stood and — what is equally important 
— his friends knew where he stood. Any cause which 
could enlist that man's sympathy was to be congratu- 
lated; he would be something more than a "sleeping 
partner " in the concern. There have been occasions 
when Christians have been bitterly persecuted. We 
rejoice that such days are gone, but of one thing we 
may be sure— such persecution definitely sifted the 
chaff from the wheat. 

Toronto, Can. _»_ * 

It Will Keep the Home Together 


Not long ago I went to an entertainment at our 
Home for the Friendless. (It really should be called 
Friendly Home.) The guests of the Home were all 
assembled in the big parlor, ready and anxious to 
hear the music and to listen to the recitations. Each 
face showed expectation. 

I know they enjoyed the program, for it was a 
good one, and they also appreciated the little 
chat with some of us afterwards, for there was some 
renewing of old acquaintances. 

What impressed me most was the recitation, by 
a child of six or seven years, of a poem beginning: 
" What is home without a Bible ? " It made quite 
an impression on me, and I know it did on those 
Home guests. Some can look back to homes where 
there were Bibles; others could recall homes where 
the " Book of books " was not held in reverence. 

And is it not true that a home is not a true home 
unless the Bible holds a place in the hearts and lives 
of those who live in that home? 

How can any one hope to minister to others who 
goes out every day from a Bibleless home? And 
" what is home without a Bible ? " 

Harrisburg, Pa. 

Building Bridges for the Other Man 


A beautiful story is told of a man, old and gray, 
busily building, a bridge over a very deep chasm which 
he had just crossed. A friend asked him why he 
must do it, since he would not pass again that road. 
Then we are told why : 

"The builder lifted his gray old head, 
' Good friend, in the path I have come,' he said, 
'There followeth after me today 
A youth whose feet must pass this way. 
This chasm that has been naught to me 
To that fair-haired youth may a pitfall be. 
He, too, must cross in the twilight dim, 
Good friend, I am building this bridge for him.'" 

How careful we should be, for, all unthinkingly, 
we are either building bridges or leaving deep, dark, 
dreary^ chasms for our children, though they may not 
yet be born. And then other people's children, too. 
may pass our road and we are responsible for them 

How careful some young men might be, if they 
could only realize that the li f e they live in their 
youth may mark the destiny of their sons of to- 
morrow ! How clean and pure our girls should keep, 
so that their own girls will have no dark chasms 
to pass over! This life is one long list of responsibili- 
ties. We can not do anything of ourselves. Each 
Christian man and woman knows full well the need 
of a Guide and Savior at all the treacherous cross- 
roads of this life. We are either building bridges or 
we are leaving chasms of life for others. Let us pray 
God to help us build them strong and true ! 

Aline, Okla. -»_ 

Common sense, from one viewpoint, is the most un- 
common sense. While it is extremely rare in posses- 
sion, the recognition of it is universal. All men feel 
it, though few men have it. 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 28, 1922 



The Departed of 1921 

Tune, " Fair Haven " 
Their bodies now arc laid to rest 
To sleep beneath the sod, 
Their souls are free from earthly care 
And are at home with God. 
They wave the palm and wear the crown 
In their celestial home, 
And with the loved ones gone before, 
O'er fields of glory roam. 

They call across the dashing tide 

To mourning friends below: 

Weep not for us, but for yourselves, 

And to the Savior go. 

Give up the world and live for him 

And on his grace depend. 

He'll make your life both pure and sweet, 

And be a precious Friend. 

And when the summons comes to you 
To go from earth away, 
He'll meet you at the river's brink 
And take you home to stay. 
There we can meet in fond embrace, 
There tears are wfped away, 
And there we'll live in happiness, 
Through an eternal day. 
Hollidaysburg, Pa. 

Back to the Farm 

Chapter Two 

" Oh, don't I know just how that is? " sympathized 

" My husband is good to me, but he has his work 
to look after and so he had to go. He always helps 
>nc with the washing. He gets up ever so early, for 
he thinks that's too hard for me. And I never iron 
more than I have to." 

" You'll let me help you today, for I haven't an- 
other thing to do," said Laura coaxingly. 

" I'll give you a big apron," and presently Laura 
was enfolded in the- familiar blue-checked gingham. 
She thought she must have laid it aside just yester- 

" I'll wash the dishes first; the water is hot, I see." 
How easy it all was ! The dishpan was right there. 
Some home-made soap seemingly smelled too strong 
of lye. Laura critically thought of her own soap- 
boilings, which turned out just right. But this woman 
was young and, perhaps, not very capable. 

" There is the cupboard for the dishes." The mother 
showed her a small cupboard where there was room 
enough, if one piled them carefully. 

" How pretty your children are! " Laura was play- 
ing with the boy of three. He made her think of 
Philip of long ago. The little girl of six had not 
smiled. She was worried because her mother was 

" I've been so dragged out lately that I hardly 
know what to say about my children. Harry does all 
he can to help but — " 

" Well, I remember when ours were small, and we 
lived as you do, how my friends said, they thought 
Steve wouldn't want 'me to work so hard and I said: 
1 What are we partners for? He does his share and 
I am doing the best I can ! ' " By this time Laura 
had poured the dishwater out, and was ironing a few 

" Do you like eggs? " asked Mrs. Thomson. " Harry 
will not be here for dinner, so I'll get what I can — " 

" Perhaps I'd better be going," suggested Laura. 

" I don't know what I would have done if you had 
not come." 

So they sat down to a lunch, made up of poached 
e £g s . good bread and sweet butter. The kitchen was 
tidy by this time, and the baby fast asleep. Laura 
ate two eggs and drank some old-fashioned tea made 
°f garden thyme. How good everything was ! Mrs. 
Thomson asked her to go into the parlor, after they 
left the table, and play the organ, if she cared to, 
°r else take a nap. 

"I'll help you with the dishes first," said Laura, 
gathering them together. 

While they washed dishes, they talked as if they 
had known each other for a long while. Mrs'. Thom- 
son spoke of her girlhood. Her father had been a 
minister, but their neighbors here were more inclined 
to stay away from church. She hoped that they would 
have more church people, as the children were grow- 
ing up. " There's a farm, a quarter mile from here, 
for sale. I wish you folks would buy it and move 
there," she concluded. 

" I believe I'll go and see it before I go back to 
town," said Laura. 

Before she left, Laura did play some Moody and 
Sankey hymns on the Estey cabinet organ. " Hold 
the Fort, for I Am Coming," came first, then " Pull 
for the Shore, Brother, Pull for the Shore." But 
when her fingers glided softly into "The Ninety and 
Nine That Safely Lay in the Shelter of the Fold," 
she thought of the Good Shepherd looking for her in 
the hard wilderness of cold indifference and wasteful 
pride. She wanted to return to his fold. 

About three o'clock she left the Thomsons to see 
the farmhouse. Steve had often said that some day 
they must have a small farm, to keep them from 
getting old. " Perhaps you'll have me for a neighbor," 
she said to Mrs. Thomson, when leaving. " Oh, I 
do hope so," answered the mother, as if that were too 
good to come true. 

" I am going to see," promised Laura. 

When she came within sight of it, Laura gave a 
little cry of rapture. The house lay long and low to 
the south, like a contented cat in the sun. Its old 
brick walls were covered with ivy that sprang from 
the earth, with a gnarled trunk like a tree. On the 
other side of the house was hung a tangle of vine 
and wistaria. An ample porch, with rambler roses 
about it, covered the front door, while a bricked path 
led to the door. She leaned over the gate admiringly, 
noting all this. 

" Oh, if only Steve could see the place and like it 
well enough to live here!" She unlatched the gate 
and walked up the walk, to find the door partly open. 
A woman invited her in to look at the house, saying 
that she supposed she had come to buy it. 

Laura walked through the low-beamed ample rooms, 
the allurement of the place enfolding her. It had been 
built years before by a rich man; then_sold again and 
again, until it was in need of repairs, she was told. 

She liked the low-ceilinged old rooms, floored with 
dark old wood. One room was delicately gay with 
white paneling. From a corner in the hall mounted 
a broad staircase, barred with slenderly-twisted rails. 
One door opened into the garden, where hanging 
creepers and shining flower color were framed in the 
deep, cool leaves of two slanting old apple trees. 

That evening Laura kept Steve with her long 
enough to talk about her house. " It is most wonder- 
ful. I've never been there before and yet it is as 
familiar as if I had known it always. It feels as if 
I had left it years ago, and now come back. Or as if 
I had — dreamed it — " she ended helplessly. 

Steve hardly heard what she said — he was looking 
at Laura. " I do not know where this house is, but 
if there is some ground to be had there, we are going 
to buy it. I haven't seen you look so well for a year." 

He bought it the next day. He, too, was anxious 
to go back to the farm. Pie always liked to see things 
grow, and it seemed to him that there was no use in 
slaving to the end of his days. 

Together they moved into the farmhouse. They 
closed the house in the city. Kitty insisted on that, 
so that they could come back when they were tired of 
the farm. 

" It seems as if this house was waiting all the time 
for us," said Laura. 

" I like the house because there's room to do what 
I like in it," said Steve. " It looks as if we were going 
to stick to this place like limpets," 

" We used to work in our old church at home; we'll 
begin again here," suggested Laura. 

" I guess it was you that quit going to church after 
we got to the city," said Steve. And Laura knew that 
together they would renew their vows to God. 

They were in the garden, looking at the yellow 
chrysanthemums and the late asters. They faced the 
house, as it stood in the full beauty of an October 
afternoon. Laura was thankful that it had reunited 
the threads of their love, and held it as a body en- 
shrines its soul. 

Huntingdon, Pa. 

"As Little Children " 


When we behold the innocency of a little child, 
we do not wonder that our Lord gave us that wonder- 
ful lesson: "Except ye be converted and become as 
little children, ye can not enter the kingdom of heav- 
en." What grand teaching for the proud and haughty 
spirit, and those who rely on their Wisdom and knowl- 
edge ! How much we need the sublime lesson that in- 
nocent children can teach us ! The trust they have in 
their parents is one of the first. Their utter help- 
lessness, on their part, makes them truly dependent, 
and this they fully realize. Their faith is beautiful 
to behold. What father and mother say and do 
is right because they have not come in contact with 
outside teaching. Obedience to their parents' com- 
mands is a pleasure because they love them. 

So it should be with those who profess to be the 
children of their Heavenly Father. We should trust 
him for all things, and if we love him as we should, 
it will be a joyful service and not a task to obey his 
precepts and to take great pleasure in trying to carry 
out what he has taught by example. 

Children make mistakes, and sometimes do not 
agree together, as they piny, from day to day. They 
have their misunderstandings and troubles, but watch 
them as they play together, and see how soon they 
make up, forgive one another and soon all is for- 
gotten. Such should be the way the older children 
should act. Childish things should be put away, and 
when troubles and difficulties exist, they should be 
forgiven and forgotten. " Let not the sun go down 
upon your wrath." " Let all bitterness, and wrath, 
and anger, and clamour, and evil speaking, be put 
away from you, with all malice; and be ye kind one 
to another, tender-hearted, forgiving one another, as 
God for Christ's sake hath forgiven you" (Eph. 4: 
31, 32). 

Trough Creek, Pa. 

The Faith of Childhood 


When Jesus taught his disciples by the object les- 
son of the child in their midst, he taught a great 
lesson, indeed. Humility, faith, forgiveness, love, 
teachableness, obedience, and so many other fine 
traits of character may be learned from children. 

Recently a living example of childhood's faith in 
God came to my notice. A child of ten summers pre- 
ferred to remain at home for a bit of work and play 
he had planned for his Saturday's vacation, while 
the parents left, for what they supposed would be a 
few hours' business trip. But they were unavoidably 
delayed and darkness preceded their homecoming by 
two hours. Anxiously they hastened home, expecting 
to find him at a neighbor's, eagerly awaiting their 
coming, but, instead, they found him in bed, fast 
asleep. He said he had not thought of being afraid 
for himself, but had felt much worried because he 
thought they had met with an automobile accident, 
_and, maybe, would never come home again. . He 
said he had prayed for them, and every time he felt 
especially worried, he prayed again. When he went 
to bed, he prayed God to bring them home safe, and 
he knew God would, so he went to sleep. 
- I marveled at such implicit faith in a little child, and 
longed for a like degree of faith in us older ones. 
How many anxious hours we could be spared if we 
could fully believe that God cares for his own, and 
will give us whatsoever we ask of him, and that all 
things work together for good to them that love the 
Lord. May we strive and pray earnestly for all the 
Christian graces, for " except ye become as little chil- 
dren, ye cannot enter the kingdom of Heaven." 
Syracuse, Ind. 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGErWanuary 28, 1922 


Calendar for Sunday, January 29 

Sunday-school Lesson, Elijah in Naboth's Vineyard. 
-1 Kings 21 : 7-10, 16-20. 

Christian Workers' Meeting, My Favorite Psalm. 
* * 4* •> 
Gains for the Kingdom 

Four baptisms in the Haxtun church, Colo. 

Six baptisms in the Brooklyn church, N. Y. 

Three baptisms in the Windber church, Pa. 

Six baptisms in the Buena Vista church, Va. 

On« baptism in the Albany church, Ore.,-Bro. Geo. 
Stryckcr, of Vidora, Sask., evangelist. 

Fifty-one additions in the Beech Grove church, Ind., 
— Bro. Fred L. Fair, of Kokomo, Ind., evangelist. 

Eleven confessions in the Annville church, Pa.,— Bro. 
Rufus Bucher, of Mechanic Grove, Pa., evangelist. 

Seven accepted Christ in the Beaverton church, Mich., 
—Bro. Samuel J. Burger, of Howe, Ind., evangelist. 

Sixteen baptisms in the Twin Falls church, Idaho,— 
Bro. W. E. Trostle, of San Gabriel, Calif., evangelist. 

Two baptisms in the Honey Creek church, Sheridan, 
Mo.,— Bro. L. A. Walker, pastor, doing the preaching. 

Three were reclaimed and three await baptism in the 
Bethel church, Fla.,— Bro. J. W. Rogers, of Sebring, Fla., 

Five were baptized in the Warrcnsburg City church, 
Mo..— Bro. O. H. Austin and wife, of McPherson, Kans.. 

* * ♦ * 
Our Evangelists 

Will you share the burden which these laborers carry? Will you 
pray foi the success of these meetings? 
Bro. P. E. Robertton, of Lindsay, Calif., to begin Feb. 
19 in the Codora church, Calif. 

Bro. G. S. Strausbaugh, of Fredericktown, Ohio, began 
Jan. 22 in the New Philadelphia church, Ohio. 
4. <g» 4. 4 

Personal Mention 
Bro. W. J. McCann, formerly of Sykeston, N. Dak., is 
now located in New Rockford, N. Dak., where his cor- 
respondents should hereafter address him. 

Bro. Albert R. Smith and wife, of 17 Sutton Street, 
Grand Rapids, Mich., arc now ready to book engage- 
ments for evangelistic meetings. Those interested should 
write them, as above, as early as practicable. 

Three Chicago Brethren, E. B. Hoff, J. W. Lear and 
Frank Sargent, were out to the Executive Committee 
meeting on the 18th— the first and second named repre- 
senting, respectively, the Tract Committee and the Edu- 
cational Board. 

Bro. M. R. Zigler, Home Mission Secretary, has been 
at North Manchester, Ind., for some days past, assisting 
in the School for Rural Pastors at that place. Bro. Bon- 
sack went down Saturday evening, to have part in the 
same work this week. 

The Music Committee informs us that Bro. Warren 
Heestand, of Nappanee, Ind., who has just returned from 
an engagement as song leader in evangelistic meetings 
in Southern Illinois, will be in a position to serve other 
churches in the same capacity after March 1. 

Bro. W. J. Swigart, of Huntingdon, Pa., was a Publish- 
ing House visitor last week, representing the Peace Com- 
mittee at the Forward Movement Executive Committee 
Meeting. The Elgin congregation incidentally had the 
benefit of his very helpful presence at the church busi- 
ness meeting on Tuesday evening. 

Sister Edyth Hillery Hay, of Goshen, Ind., requests us 
to say that it is impossible for her to answer all the 
letters which she has received from those whose hearts 
were touched by her appeal for prayer for the distressed 
Catholic lady, published some time ago. She says the 
lady is gaining rapidly in physical strength and that her 
mind is clearing also. She urges continuance in prayer 
in her behalf, that her physical and mental improvement 
may be accompanied by a willingness to accept the fuller 
spiritual light. 

Sister Annie B. Baker, of McKinney, Texas, who has 
just passed her eighty-first birthday, writes us that she 
has been a reader of the church periodicals from her 
childhood. She read the "Gospel Visitor" from it* in- 
fancy in her father's home and in her own home she has 
always had a Brethren paper. In the last decade the 
home has been broken up and she is not always at the 
same place but, she adds: "I still have the 'Messen- 
ger' and, thanks to the management of the House, I very 
seldom miss a paper." Thus she feels that she can 
probably equal, if not surpass, the record of our aged 
Bro. S. R. Zug, referred to recently, as a reader of our 
church papers, even if atie can not quite equal his rec- 
ord as an individual subscriber. 

A few hours after last week's issue had gone to press, 
we learned that on that day. Tuesday, the 17th. Sister 
H. C. Early had passed to the other shore. Funeral serv- 
ices were to be held on Thursday following. Of Sister 
Early's protracted illness our readers have been informed. 
She suffered much, and earnestly longed for her release 
from this earthly tabernacle, that she might be at rest with 
her Lord, to whom she clung with a" childlike trust, that 
was as beautiful as it was complete. Sorrowing with 
those who mourn their great loss, we can not but rejoice 
in her correspondingly great gain. To our bereaved 
Brother Early, in particular, so widely known by reason 
of his many years of service and leadership in church 
activities, the hearts of the Brotherhood will go out in 
loving sympathy. May the comfort of a calm confidence 
in God's unfailing love sustain him and all the grief- 
stricken ones! 4, 4. 4, 4, 

Elsewhere in This Issue 

The next meeting of the Ministerial Association of 
Northwestern Ohio is to be held in Lima, Feb. 7, at 10 
A. M. The special announcement of this gathering will 
be found among the Notes. 

The Grand Rapids church, Mich., has placed the "Mes- 
senger" in the Public Library of that city. Such a move 
is a most worthv one, as it gives the. general public free 
access to our official organ, and thus affords ample oppor- 
tunity to become acquainted with our church principles. 
We suggest that other conereeations make use of this 
means of reaching the community. 

A reciort of the meeting of the Executive Committee of 
the Forward Movement will be found in that depart- 
ment of this issue and you will surely be interested in it. 
You will be glad to see that the problem of the director- 
shin has been solved in a very satisfactory manner, and 
that the committee is meeting the difficulties of the 
present situation with a splendid combination of com- 
mon sense and courage. 

4, 4, .> 4* 

Miscellaneous Mention 

What was formerly known as the Scalp Level congre- 
gation, .Pa., was recently divided into two new organi- 
zations—one retaining the old name, "Scalp Level." the 
other deciding upon "Windber." Bro. Lewis Knepper, 
of Berlin. Pa., is to serve as pastor of the Scalp Level 
church after April 1. 

"Impressions of the Home Missions Council" is the 
subiect of Bro. M. Clyde Horst's excellent report of that 
meeting, which is to appear next week. You will be es- 
pecially interested in his suggestions as to the place and 
opportunity of the Church of the Brethren, in view of 
the .complex character of the Home Missions problem. 

Mrs. Theo. Bittner, of Meyersdale, Pa., asks us to 
correct several errors that she inadvertently made in a 
recent report. m Instead of crediting the Sunday-school 
with $60 for the support of orphans in India, she should 
have said that the Christian Workers, the Aid Society, 
and the True Blue Class each are supporting an orphan 
in India. The total amount given is $85, instead of $60. 

We have heard preachers warn sleepy hearers against 
the danger of nodding unwitting assent to the sermon, 
but here is a "nodding" story of a different kind: A 
pastor writes of his embarrassment, due to a well-mean- 
ing sister who sits in a rather conspicuous place in the 
audience and nods or shakes her head, according as she 
is pleased or displeased with what he preaches. He 
wonders, as some of the members hint good-naturedly, 
whether the ratio between nods and shakes is a fair in- 
dication of prospects of his tenure of service at that 
place, and the more so since the latter seem to be gain- 
ing ground on the former. What do you think? Has 
he something to be concerned about, or should he look 
for some other barometer by which to measure the spir- 
itual atmosphere? 4, 4, 4* 4, 

A Bystander's Notes 
The Great Need of Humanity. — The heart of man is 
constantly yearning and reaching out persistently — just 
as the tendrils of the vine reach out for tree or trellis — 
in its search for love. You may give a man what material 
prosperity you please ; you may set his feet in pleasant 
pathways and build his mansion of costliest materials; 
you may crown him with the wreath of fame, and let him 
rest assured that coming centuries shall never forget the 
echo of his name— but all this will never utterly fill his 
heart. There will be many a heartsick and lonely moment 
when the most precious of all things shall be to him the 
knowledge that his feeble humanity may lean itself 
against God's infinite love, and rest. "Like as a father 
pitieth his children, so the Lord pitieth," shall be to the 
lonely heart the blessed assurance that never fails. The 
most illustrious human praise and triumph is but the help- 
less glimmer of a feeble rushlight, in comparison. Daniel 
Webster once said that, as we grow older, we would give 
all the rest of the Bible for the last few chapters of John. 
And why? Because there our hearts' longings are most 
completely met— there the revelations of the Divine Love 
are clearest. 

The Need of Conviction.— "To feel the thrill of a great 
love and to be profoundly interested in men and things 
is Christlike," says a noted writer. The crying need of 
the world is convictions that testify. And what is a 
conviction? Is it not something that rivets a man to 
a certain thing, so that he is not at liberty to drift away 
elsewhere and to no purpose? Then he can truly say: 
"This ONE THING I believe; this ONE THING I do." 
A Christian without conviction is powerless— a contra- 
diction of terms. A Christian that is content with mere 
plans for salvation, rather than with salvation itself, 
misses his "high calling in Christ Jesus." His surrender 
must be complete, or it is nothing. The seal on Adam 
Clarke's grave is a candle burned down to the socket— 
these words being underneath: "In living for others, I 
am burned away." 

Mutilating the Hymns.— All too common is the prac- 
tice of arbitrarily omitting a verse from a hymn that is, 
by the author, intended to convey a spiritual thought in 
its entirety. "Omit the third verse" is a remark- fre- 
quently heard, but such a lack of appreciation, concern- 
ing the value of a hymn, on the part of a song leader. 
t$ sure to encourage the same spirit in the congregation. 
Without question, our great and stately church hymns, 
as written, have lofty themes, well worthy of serious 
thought. It would be just as absurd to have a preacher 
cut out a section of his sermon at random, as for his 
song leader to omit essential portions of a hymn. As a 
matter of fact, there would be a real enrichment in the 
spiritual life of the church, if our congregations could be 
impressed with the sublime and ecstatic character of our 
best hymns. Making them a part of their read selves, 
they would be more likely to sing them with the spirit 
and the understanding also. 

Civilization Not Complete Without Christianity.— That 
civilization is wholly inadequate for the real uplift of 
humanity, unless reenforced by the ameliorating influences 
of Christianity, is readily seen in the countries that have 
only recently come out of paganism into a state of civili- 
zation. On this point, the testimony of James Chalmers, 
the martyr-missionary of the South Sea Islands, is 
quite conclusive: "I have had twenty-one years' experi- 
ence among the South Sea Islanders, and for at least 
nine years of my life I have lived with the savages of 
New Guinea. I have seen the semicivilized and the un- 
civilized; I have lived with the Christian native, and I 
have lived, dined, and slept with the cannibal. But T 
have never yet met a single man or woman, or a single 
people, whom civilization without Christianity has really 
civilized. Wherever there has been the slightest spark 
of civilized life in the Southern Seas, it has been because 
the Gospel has been preached there. Wherever you find, 
on the Island of New Guinea, a friendly people, or a 
people that will welcome you, there the missionaries of 
the cross have been preaching Christ." 

An Optimistic Outlook.— That even the business world 
of today is impressed with the importance of extending 
religious influences more effectually everywhere, is shown 
quite forcibly by what Mr. Glenn Frank, editor of "The 
Century Magazine." said in an interview recently. Ques- 
tioned by the interviewer, concerning his attitude on 
greater religious development, he frankly replied: "To 
me the spiritual element, back of all these problems, is 
the great and outstanding thing. I am making just as 
much of it as I can. I believe that right now we are en- 
tering on the greatest revival of religion the world has 
ever seen." Somewhat astonished, the interviewer said: 
"Mr. Frank, it is rather unusual to find you so deeply 
interested in religion. Business men, professional men. 
journalists and editors, have so many other practical 
problems to solve— problems that demand much mental 
energy. How is it that you take such a peculiar interest 
in the spiritual aspect when there are so many other 
big things?" "Ah," replied Mr. Frank, "but there is 
nothing so big as the spiritual element, for that is the 
fundamental of all human aims and purposes." 

Things That Never Happen.— Have you ever noticed 
that the things we worry about most, are the things that 
never happen? It is passing strange, therefore, that 
any one should ever think of worrying. "It is not work 
that kills," said Henry Ward Beecher, in one of his ad- 
mirable sayings, "but it is worry, the great disturber of 
peace. Honest work is healthful. You can hardly put 
more of it on a strong man's shoulders than he can bear. 
But worry will break him down. It is not the mere 
movement that destroys the human mechanism, but fric- 
tion." Mr. Beecher's statement gives us the secret of 
successfully overcoming worry. We must use plenty of 
the right sort of lubricant— the oil of cheerfulness, of 
quietude, ease. We must take time, after the day's work, to 
relax, to think, to study. There are good friends with whom 
we can mingle, and fireside companions with whom we 
can enjoy a restful hour. Life should not be a continual 
struggle. We do well to remember the Blessed Mas- 
ter's counsel to the disciples: "Come ye yourselves 
apart, . . . and rest awhile." Thus looking to him in the 
full assurance of faith, our troubles will steal away be- 
fore we are aware of it, and "the peace that passeth 
understanding," will fill our souls with joy and gladness. 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 28, 1922 



Disarmament in the Colleges 

Undergraduate activities on questions related to dis- 
armament and world peace are increasing as a result of 
the formation of the National Student Committee for the 
Limitation of Armaments. The very helpful work of the 
Committee includes the following: Weekly articles, in- 
terpreting the situation at Washington; the sending of 
articles on the Far East to college papers; preparation 
of a scienti6c analysis on the causes of war; sending of 
eminent peace advocates on lecture tours to the colleges; 
the fostering of a movement in college centers, to train 
students to speak in public on questions in line with the 
Washington Conference. The last feature of the pro- 
gram has already been efficiently carried out at Union 
Theological Seminary in New York, and could be intro- 
duced in other schools to excellent advantage. 

Congress and Lynching 

Advocates of law and order have been hoping that the 
Dyer Anti-Lynching bill might eventually be passed by 
the House of Representatives, but, seemingly, every time 
when unhindered progress appears to be assured, a new 
obstacle is thrown up to retard its final passage. By the 
provisions of this bill, a fine of $10,000 is imposed upon 
any county in which a lynching is allowed to occur, and 
severe penalties are meted out to the officers who per- 
mit prisoners to fall into the hands of a mob. As might 
be expected, most of the Southern States are bitterly 
opposed to the Dyer bill, and their representatives are 
doing all they can to prevent, or at least delay, the pas- 
sage of the bill. In the end, pressure by the majority will 
insure a decisive vote on the bill. 

The Movie Habit 

In response to a questionnaire, sent out by the Illinois 
Council of the Parent-Teachers' Association to families 
in Chicago, a large number of replies have been received, 
indicative of the one outstanding fact that the children 
of the city are habitual movie attendants. Out of 3,000 
children questioned, the answers show an attendance, at 
motion picture houses, of from one to seven times each 
week. The effect of the movie habit was demonstrated 
by looking into the records of 275 students ranking high- 
est, and 275 students ranking lowest. The best students 
used only 393 tickets, all told, while the poorest students 
used 503 tickets. Pictures exhibiting gun-play, police 
activity, sensational scenes, and acts of criminality in 
general, were mentioned as special favorites by the chil- 
dren. Such is the seed that is sown in the fertile mind 
of childhood! As to the harvest that will be reaped, 
sooner or later, who could venture to measure its vast 

extent? — 

" A City Mother " 
Pasadena, Calif., has a city mother, in charge of the 
"Domestic Relations Division" of the city's "Department 
of Relief and Social Service." Under the terms of the 
ordinance, creating the department, this city mother has 
charge of the*" adjustment of family disagreements which 
may result in litigation, the care of juvenile delinquency, 
and the moral safeguarding of the young and inexpe- 
rienced." Such a city mother can do a most helpful work. 
Experience has indicated that few married people ever 
reunite after they have once separated, and that, if a 
first separation can be avoided, perhaps, by sensible ad- 
vice, a permanent break may be prevented. There is also 
a tendency on the part of many people in difficulty to 
resort immediately to the courts. The aim of this depart- 
ment is, to discourage this sort of move. It is also an 
Important phase of the city mother's activity to give pro- 
tection to girls while they are being educated and trained 
to take care of themselves. 

The Death of the Roman Pontiff 
Unusual attention was aroused everywhere by the 
death of Pope Benedict XV., early in the morning of 
last Sunday. His pontificate, though brief, has been 
notable for well-meant efforts in behalf of humanity. 
During the World War he saw wiat, perhaps, few men 
in high position were able fully .to visualize — the immi- 
nent destruction of Christian civilization and the untold 
misery inflicted not only upon the participants, but up- 
on their children and their children's children. Twice 
the Roman ecclesiastic sought to mediate for peace, in 
the hope that at least some portion of war's misery 
might be averted. While he failed in his endeavors 
along that line, he revealed the eminently humane side 
of his character by devising a plan for the exchange of 
letters and gifts between war prisoners and their fam- 
ilies or friends, through the medium ofthe Swiss gov- 
ernment. Many a war victim was sustained and cheered 
by the beneficences thus made available. 

The Menace of Traveling Carnivals 

Churches of our land may well thank Rev. O. R. Miller, 
Superintendent of the New York Civic League, for the 
strenuous warfare he is waging against vicious agencies 
of every sort. He declares that the traveling carnivals, 
found in practically all sections of our land, are among 
the worst perils of our age. The chief demoralizing 
features of these carnivals are open gambling, and the 
thinly-disguised tent-shows "for men only." Rev. Miller 
maintains that the tendencies of these shows are sure 
to lower the moral standards of any community that per- 
mits their presence. The chief of police of Pittsburgh, Pa., 
recently prohibited a carnival from operating in that city, 
though it was sponsored by the officials of a prominent 
patriotic organization. The police official, in his state- 
ment, regarding the matter, insisted that the carnival 
people are "breeders of crime and lawlessness," and as 
such could not be tolerated/ What a pity that other 
city officials can not take a like courageous attitude! 

demeanor. The workers have plenty of funds for all 
necessaries of life, and the money spent for liquor, in 
the days of the open saloon, now finds its way to the 
till of the merchant. In spite of all that, however, we 
must not forget that the battle is not yet won perma- 
nently. Such organizations as the Anti-Saloon League are 
under no misapprehensions about the fight ahead of 
them. They know that the future of prohibition 
hangs in the balance. Will public sentiment insist upon 
its permanency? We hope so. 

Interesting Children in the New Testament 

An effective method of interesting people, and especial- 
ly children, in the reading of the Word, is used by the 
"Scripture Gift Mission," of Philadelphia, in its distribu- 
tion work, through pastors, teachers and Christian work- 
er's. One. of the Gospels is given first, with the promise 
that as soon as it is read, and a few verses memorized, 
it may be exchanged for a Testament. One teacher suc- 
ceeded in having more than a hundred children study 
one of the Gospels, and soon had the privilege of supply- 
ing Testaments to the entire number. Another teacher 
organized the fourth grade of her school into a Gospel 
class, and the upper grades into a class of Testament stu- 
dents, with a total enrollment of three hundred. We see 
no reason why this work might not be introduced into 
many of our Sunday-schools. 

The White Races Greatly Outnumbered 

If the, white races persist in warring upon each other, 
thus greatly diminishing their number, the culture ac- 
quired by years of arduous effort will surely crumble, and 
the dark-skinned people will rule the world — whatever 
the consequences may be to humanity at its best. While 
absolutely accurate statistics, as to the relative propor- 
tion of white to dark-skinned races, are not available, the 
most reliable figures are these: "White population, 550,- 
000,000; dark-skinned population, 1,200,0C0.000 ; total, 1,- 
750,000,000." Seemingly the great danger of weakening 
their numbers by continued warfare, should make a deep 
impression upon the white races. Then, too, there is the 
further danger of industrial competition by the poorly- 
paid workers of the dark-skinned races in the Orient. 
Sooner or later that very issue must he met in the world 
markets. What will the outcome be? 

Uniform Divorce Laws Urged 

There is strong pressure that, by an amendment to the 
Constitution, Congress be authorized to enact uniform 
marriage and divorce laws. Hearings to this end Tiavc 
already been held before a sub-committee of the Senate. 
As is evident to any one who has given thought 'to the 
subject, the great variety of divorce laws — differing in 
practically every State — is in no wise creditable to a 
people that claim to regard the marriage relation with 
due respect. As the situation is now, the laws of one 
State can readily be defied by people who will step across 
a border line. As a matter of fact, a man and woman 
may legally be criminals in one State, while in another 
they pose as good citizens. Possibly the passing of a 
federal enactment, as alluded to above, may help matters 
materially. We are still inclined to believe, however, 
that the right sort of teaching in the home and by means 
of the pulpit, concerning the sacrcdness of the marriage 
relation, will be of decided value. 

Will Prohibition Survive? 

To the ardent upholder of temperance principles, the 
somewhat unsatisfactory enforcement of the prohibition 
enactment, in many sections of our country, is decidedly 
disappointing. Apparently, intoxicants can surreptitious- 
ly be obtained in every State of the Union— in the larger 
cities with comparative ease.. That very fact has given 
brazen effrontery to the purveyors of strong drink, and 
a most determined propaganda in favor of the outlawed 
liquor traffic has been entered upon — a propaganda, 
moreover, that is characterized by undisguised ridicule 
of the prohibition enactment. With some people, at 
least, such malicious irony is sure to breed contempt 
for the eighteenth- amendment and its loyal enforce- 
ment. It is but fair to say, however, that the majority of 
the people are not swayed by ridicule of the "wet" 
propagandists. The foes of the saloon are well aware 
of the facts of the case, and refuse to be turned from 
their purpose. They know that most of the claims made 
for prohibition by thpse who advocated it on the plat- 
form and through the press, during the last quarter of 
a century, have been realized. Abstinence from intoxi- 
cants does reduce industrial accidents. It does result in 
fewer charity cases — in better clothed and better fed 
children. The loss of the saloon has in no sense inter- 
fered with the real prosperity of any city— either in the 
days of local option or under national prohibition. The 
effect of liquor elimination in industrial centers is quite 
noticeable. Police authorities report fewer cases of mis- 

British Extend Palestine Borders 

British control of the Palestine area has been extend- 
ed to a considerable part of the trans-Jordan territory, 
of which Es Salt, a town of about 12,000 inhabitants, sit- 
uated some twenty miles east of the Dead Sea, is the 
chief center. Sir Herbert Samuel, British High Commis- 
sioner of Palestine, has just returned from a journey to 
the new territory. His cordial advances to the Bedouin 
sheiks and other men of influence quickly insured their 
hearty cooperation, especially when he convinced them 
'that their section would be looked after by a separate ad- 
ministration that would help the people to govern them- 
selves. Sir Samuel also promised that complete freedom 
of trade with Palestine would result in commercial pros- 
perity for both countries. A program of road building, 
the building of schools, and the best of medical aid, are 
further assurances that were gratefully received. 

The Real Aim Must Not Be Missed 

Undue emphasis upon athletics by tin- colleges of our 
land is, in a recent editorial, greatly deplored by the 
editor of ".The Northwestern Christian Advocate." He 
maintains that athletics have gained greater influence 
than oratory, debating, classics, or the sciences. We are 
told that the football coach is given a salary far in 
excels of that received by the president of the institu- 
tion. All too true it is that the noted football or base- 
ball team now draws students— not tiie gifted lecturer, 
who has spent years in arduous study. Such a discon- 
certing condition must be overcome, if true learning and 
idealism are to survive. Athletics, with all their loudly- 
aeclaimcd advantages, do not bring out the deeper things 
of real personal uplift. Primarily and essentially, col- 
ic t^L'i and universities should exist for study, research, 
acquirement of knowledge and for the awakening of 
moral purpose and high achievement. 

Cannibalism in Volga Region, Russia 

Several weeks ago cannibalism was reported as ex- 
isting in Samara Province, Russia. Now the latest re- 
ports from the famine district declare that the almost 
tota! deprivation of food in the Volga region has resulted 
in a number of insanity cases. While thus deranged, 
many parents seemingly lose all affection for their off- 
spring, In a number of cases children have been slain 
—the parents prolonging their existence by the food thus 
secured — shocking as it m^y be. Latest advices from that 
sorely-stricken famine area state: "It does not matter 
■how soon help comes — it will fail to save hundreds of 
thousands of the peasants in this district. The food sup- 
plies are absolutely exhausted, and relief workers can 
not reach the people quick enough. The horses have all 
been eaten, and the trees for the coming year will be 
leafless, for the buds have been eaten. All food substi- 
tutes are gone. Famine and disease rule supreme." 

The Washington Conference 
Evident delay, in bringing the various items of business, 
now before the Washington Conference, to a satisfactory 
conclusion, is causing considerable disquietude among 
those chiefly interested in the success of the great gath- 
ering. Outside of the ranks of the direct participants 
stands the great body of loyal Americans, who are deep- 
ly concerned in some plan by which the great Confer- 
ence may be made a real success. They are anxious that 
great things may be done for world peace, and they hope 
that, in some way, order may be reestablished in the war- 
stricken countries. These men and women know that 
every day of delayed action in Conference adjustments 
is sure to create almost insurmountable obstructions in 
the pathway of ratifications and equitable settlements. 
And y&t they would rather have the Conference sessions 
'continue until the summer months, than to hasten an 
adjournment with the- real work undone or half done. 
They want a permanent achievement that will stand the 
test of time. Several influential Americans, impressed by 
the importance of giving China an opportunity to main- 
tain its national integrity, are urging that steps be taken 
by the Conference to that end. As matters stand, at the 
present time, none of the leading nations propose to give 
up all the special privileges and concessions that, in by- 
gone days, they have wrested from China. No one seems 
to be willing to rise to the height of magnanimity that 
so significantly characterized the unselfish disarmament 
proposals of Chairman Hughes at the opening of the 
Conference. International fair dealing, at the expense, 
even, of national advantages, is the crying need of the 
hour. Well may we pray that the world's nations may 
be inspired by high ideals and worthy motives! 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 28, 1922 


SuRfiostlons for Hie Weekly Dovotlonnl Meeting Or for 
Prayerful, Private Meditation 

Progress in the Christ-Life 

2 Peter 3: 18. (See also 2 Peter 3: 8-18.) 
For Week Beginning February 5, 1922 

1. Introductory Analysis. — (1) The Christian life is a 
growth — steady progress — just as the tiniest seedling of 
the forest will eventually become a large tree. (2) Fa- 
vorable conditions are essential. Fellowship with Christ 
in (a) His Word, (b) Prayer, (c) Service. (3) Our 
responsibility is a great one, for we must provide favor- 
ing conditions. 

2. Growth Is Ever Essential.— Growth is necessary-for 
service. The little child can become a serviceable mem- 
ber of the human family only as it matures into manhood 
or womanhood. Suppose a restraining power were sud- 
denly laid upon each of these little ones, and growth 
were stopped— what would be the result? There simply 
would not be any progress whatever. Give the children 
their natural growth, and you can not begin to estimate 
their possibilities for service. 

3. Growing Like the Master.— Superficial and false 
standards of progress in the Christ-Life will continue to 
prevail unless the character of Christ be carefully and 
constantly studied and imitated. Beholding him we 
become transformed into his likeness. But the process 
of transformation is not a formal copying", nor is it 
merely an external imitation. It is a vital process in 
the heart by the agency of the Spirit. We can not copy 
him unless he quickens us, and he will not 
quicken us unless it be our deliberate aim faithfully to 
copy him. His inward life is the power that transforms 
us into his image, from glory to glory. A consistent, 
beautiful, powerful Christian life is possible to all who 
will study Christ's character, that they may copy it, and 
who seek to be filled with the Spirit, that by it they may 
be inwardly transformed. 

4. Growing in Grace Is Due to the Life Germ Within.— 
Spiritual growth is a living act — we can not originate 
or foree it. We may encourage and help it, by prayer, 
by self-denial, by Christian activities, by meditation and 
communion with the Word ; but, like that of the lily, 
all our growth must be the legitimate result of life 
within us — such a life being a divine impartation. We 
supply the conditions that encourage natural growth in 
ourselves, but we may not presume to' force growth by 
taking undue thought concerning it. As a matter of 
fact, he grows best, naturally speaking, who has the least 
need to think about it, and who, therefore, grows without 
specially trying. So, in the spiritual life we can not 
force growth or fruitfulness. Spiritual growth is spiritual 
life unfolding itself from the divine germ, planted within 
the soul by the Holy Spirit, the Source of life, and then- 
growing naturally, as the flower, from seed or bulb. 

5. Growth by Proper Food. — Growth will not wholly 
take care of itself. There must be proper food for de- 
velopment. Very proper questions, therefore, would be: 
"What nutrition arc you giving to your spirit? Is it 
such as is likely to insure your growth? What do you 
read? " Tell me what a man reads and I will tell you his 
spiritual condition. Newspapers and magazines admi- 
rably serve their special ends, but these ends are not 
spiritual nutrition. The Bible, if read carelessly and for- 
mally—so many chapters or verses a day — will work no 
charm, any more than any other book so read. But 
the Bible read with expectation, interest, thought and 
personal application, will yield nutriment of the most 
diversified and stimulating nature. 

6. Growth Follows Our Faithfulness in the Little 
Things. — How useless is our pleading for conscious power 
in prayer, while we are unfaithful in the habit of prayer! 
All too often there is a brief morning prayer, a hurried 
petition of the wearied lips at night, while the mind 
wanders! Only he who keeps in touch with God has 
either power or vision, when lingering at the throne of 

7. Suggestive References. — No growth in graee unless" 
wc abide in Christ (John 15: 4, 5, 7, 9). "Patient con- 
tinuance in well doing" (Rom. 2: 7). A good motto 
for spiritual progress (1 Cor. Ifi: 1,3). There must be 
no abatement in our zeal (Gal. 6: 9). The "whole 
armor" is necessary to spiritual progress (Eph. 6: 13). 
"Be strong. . . . endure hardness" (2 Tim. 2: 1, 3). 
" Steadfast unto the end" (Heb. 3: 14). Patiently running 
the race set before us will insure progress (Heb. 12: 
I, 2). A precious promise (2 Peter 1: 10). 

college — ought to be sought out by our congregations 
and Mission Boards, and engaged for the summer. 
This obligation, I think, rests primarily with the con- 
gregations. How many congregations today — less 
than fifty miles from one of our colleges — never think 
to call for a student-preacher. They are quite willing 
to engage an experienced man — one whom they can 
trust ! The great question at once arises : " How are 
you going to get experienced men, if you do not trust 
your hoys?" I wish I could stress that more. I 
wish I could make it plainer. I wish I could get you 
to feel it as I feel it, for I feel we are approaching 
a tragic situation. 

Perhaps the congregation has a pastor. Well, do 
him the needful kindness to tell him that if he will 
spend the summer in some one of our several summer 
schools, you will engage a summer pastor to take his 
place meanwhile. In that way you have two men 
making good, and the interest on the investment will 
come back to you — big. Our congregations ought to 
realize the value of this relationship, and the immen- 
sity of their opportunity. 

What are others doing? That is interesting in- 
deed. I could give many illustrations. One must suf- 
fice. An Irish Presbyterian missionary, now in India, 
did his college work in Ireland, came to Princeton to 
do his seminary work, and spent his summer vaca- 
tions doing pastoral work among the mining-camps of 
the Great Northwest. 

And while you read this, and before you lay the 
Messenger aside, some of our boys — those very 
preachers we need — will, perhaps, have hired out to 
map companies, or hook companies, to canvass dur- 
ing the summer. Not that they like it so well, but 
their feeling cry (unexpressed) has long been: "No 
man hath hired us. What else can we do?" The 
Seventh-Day Adventist people are already drilling 
students who will go out to sell their religious books 
next summer. I f our young men do not feel that they 
are a part and parcel of the work with us, while they 
are young men, you may be sure they will not feel 
it when they are older. If we do not trust them 
now, we will not be asked to do so later on. 

Secondly, I have been saying that- the psychological 
moment is upon us to enter into some larger sphere 
of mission work. For how many years have we been 
fostering India and China? This is good, certainly. 
We must keep those activities going, but we ought 
to be doing more now than we were doing fifteen 
years ago. We can scarcely keep these going, do 
you say? Then we must enter upon something so 
big that these two fields will look small, and then it 
will be easy. We must launch out into the deep. 
We must give ourselves to greater works. We 
remained out of the war, because we did not believe 
in destruction. Now is the time for reconstruction. 
Do we believe in that? Ii you feel you ought 
to respond to this essay, and feel serious about it, 
write to the Editor of the Messenger, or to the Mis- 
sion Board Secretary, and say so. It falls to you, 
perhaps, to rouse their enthusiasm— not that they 
need it, but there is a need somewhere and that a 
serious need. Perhaps, by the time you get your re- 
sponse written, you will feel where the need has been 
and is now. At any rate if you think we ought to 
wade in deep, and that we ought to begin wading 
at once, make it known. 

"Bite off more than you can chew, then chew it; 
Undertake more than you can do, then do it; 
Hitch your wagon to a star, 
Keep your seat, and there you are." . 
Mount Morris, III. 

also gave us sermons each evening, on the distinctive 
doctrines which very pleasingly fit into the practices of 
our present membership. It would be exceedingly dif- 
ficult to find a congregation of the Church of the Breth- 
ren anywhere, conforming better to the practices out- 
lined by Annual Meeting than is found here. 

We have services regularly, each Sunday morning and 
evening. Bro. Edwin Harader continues as pastor, and 
the writer as Sunday-school superintendent. We have 
an excellent churchhouse and parsonage, centrally lo- 
cated, and have room to grow. At present our Sunday- 
school is divided into five classes, with an enrollment of 
sixty, and we hope soon to have more. " Here, again, 
we rejoice in having willing workers to teach and as- 
sist in all departments. 

We have enjoyed a Sunday-school and Christian Work- 
ers' Meeting jointly with the Ashland church, and ex- 
pect to have another in the near future, to be held there. 

Though few in number, pur Sisters' Aid Society is 
faithfully moving on. With their Christmas sale they 
made nearly $40, untler the efficient leadership of Sister 
Lydia Morton, president. 

Our Ministerial Board would be glad to hear from any 
evangelist, contemplating work on the coast. Address 
either J. Christlieb, D. Holl, or Mrs. Olga Johnson, all of 
Grants Pass, Ore. 

This beautiful city is the county-seat of Josephine 
County. It is located on Rogue River, and surrounded 
by wooded mountains, so sheltering us that our climate 
is very even. In fact, it suits us better than Central Cali- 
fornia. The county has just dammed the river, enabling 
all to have plenty of water for irrigation. The land is 
not high and the soil is fertile. Our crops are so diversi- 
fied, and markets are so near that any one, seeking a 
home, should prosper. We extend a welcome to any of 
our Brethren, seeking a field of labor. A. B. Coover. 

Grants Pass, Ore. - 


"Write what thou seest, and send it unto the churches" 

The Historic Hour 

(Continued from Page SI) 

It seems to me that the summer pastorate is the 
answer to it. Every preacher in our colleges, and 
every one available — especially every young man in 


Our little band, now numbering over thirty, is entering 
the new year with an excellent spirit. Much of this 
unity and enthusiasm results from our short Bible In- 
stitute, conducted by Eld. H. Smith, of Ashland, Dec. 
26-31. The morning lesson on "The Doctrine of the 
Holy Spirit " impressed all with the importance of ac- 
cepting the Holy Spirit as a Divine Person, testifying 
with our spirits that we are children of God. Bro. Smith 


In November Bro. Oscar Diehl, of Beaver, Iowa, con- 
ducted a series of revival meetings in the Garrison church. 
His sermons were very interesting and helpful. We met 
at the church on Thanksgiving morning. Bro. Diehl 
spoke to us after a number had expressed thanks for 
blessings received. An offering was lifted for the General 
Mission Board and Sister Martha Shick. A box of 
canned fruit was sent to a Chicago mission. Later the 
Sisters' Aid Society packed a box of clothing for Chi- 
cago. The Aid Society did much relief work in the home 
community during the year. The workers enjoyed help- 
ing and those who received help appreciated it very 

The church met in business session Dec. 21, with Eld. 
Frank Edmister presiding. Officers were elected for 
1922: Clerk, Dillon Gnagy ; Sunday-school superintend- 
ent, Bruce Bohrer; president of Christian Workers, 
Bruce' Bohrer ; correspondent, the writer. 

Following Sunday-school, Dec. 25, a Christmas pro- 
gram was rendered. The children received a treat. 
After services the junior class, with Sister Sadie Ed- 
mister, teacher, remembered the shut-ins with provi- 
sions. The earnest endeavor of Brother and Sister Hoefle 
in pastoral work is appreciated by the community. They 
will remain here this year. Mrs. Bruce Bohrer. 


For the past three days, beginning Jan. 1, the Empire 
community enjoyed the most interesting Bible Institute 
in the history of this, congregation. Eld. D. W. Kurtz, 
President of McPherson College, gave five lessons on 
"Bible Doctrine" and three on "Christian Education,'' 
and by special request he addressed about eight hundred 
high school students in their assembly hall in Modesto, 
on the " Ideals of Education." His address was much 
appreciated by both students and teachers. 

Under "Bible Doctrine" he treated the following sub- 
jects: " God," " Man," " Sin," " Christ," " Salvation," 
"Church Symbols" and "Holy Spirit." Of course, the 
time was too short to give anything like an exhaustive 
treatment of these profound and vital Bible subjects. 

Bro. Kurtz's treatment of the Deity was very interest- 
ing. There are so many modern teachings on this sub- 
ject, with such varying conclusions, that we should be 
careful in accepting much of it without proper sifting. 

So far as I was able to understand the teachings of our 
brother, I found no conflict between what he gave us 
and my own conclusions and former teachings. I am con- 
vinced that many of our misunderstandings of the teach- 
ings, on this profound Bible doctrine, are due to our 
failure to comprehend or understand each other's view- 

Human language, or our use of it, seems too feeble or 
inadequate to give clear expressions of these fundamental 
truths. More patience, investigation and consideration 
would often avert misunderstandings and misrepresenta- 

Bro. Kurtz was clear, logical, simple and Scriptural in 
his lectures. His teachings on Christian Education were 
illuminating and convincing. He stressed the following 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 28, 1922 


four phases : " Vision," " Consecration," " Preparation," 

•' Org an ' zat ' on " 

A graphic description was given of present world con- 
ditions — socially, politically, educationally and spiritually. 
Each of the above factors was so clearly presented that 
each one could readily feel his personal responsibility in 
meeting the world needs. 

The present broken down civilization and collapse, due 
to the world war, should appeal to every Christian think- 
er, and cause us to put forth our greatest efforts to give to 
the world the only help. that will he effectual in bring- 
ing about the much needed and very desirable results. 
This need is met by the Christ of the Bible, and his 
exalted teachings on human needs. This can be done by 
Christianity. But this need is so imperative and urgent 
that to delay it much longer may result in a still greater 
calamity — a retrogression into heathendom, as was the 
result under similar conditions, or causes, in the past. 

I am confident that the teachings and work of Bro. 
Kurtz will be very helpful to the Empire church and 
community, in arousing us to greater effort to meet our 
obligations to God and humanity. 

Bro. Kurtz delivered about forty lectures while on 
this coast. This was no small task, but he endured the 
strenuous work quite well, supported by divine grace 
and the inspiration of appreciative audiences. The Em- 
pire church, by a unanimous vote, gave expression to her 
appreciation of our brother's labors and visit among us. 

We are already planning for another Bible Institute 
for the coming winter. S. F. Sanger. 

a great record, but yet an encouraging one, in considera- 
tion of present conditions. We are a rural church and 
at times poverty affects us to some extent. The Sunday- 
school has been reorganized and the new officers are 
ready to begin their year's work, with Bro. Harry F. 
Hoover, superintendent. 

An Aid Society was recently organized, with Sister 
Odessa Hoover president. They have bad four meetings 

We extend an invitation to brethren and sisters pass- 
ing near here, when going to and from Florida, to stop 
with us. We are located thirty miles northeast of Bir- 
mingham, and thirty miles southwest of Attalla, near a 
pike road from Birmingham. 

Bro. J. M. Petries has moved nearer the chnrchhouse, 
by that means aiding in having our church work more 
centralized. So, at present, we just have the one place 
for our church activities. We have Sunday-school every 
Sunday morning, preaching every first Sunday night and 
every third Sunday morning, young people's service on 
Sunday night, followed by Bible study. At present we 
are studying the Book of Matthew. 

Cleveland, Ala. Mrs. Bertha A. Culler. 


"Mother passed away the third of December. . . . 
She was ninety-two years, five months and eight days 
old. It was a long time to live, but it led up to the glory 
land." So writes Sister Jacob W. Rarick, with reference 


Dec. 15 we met in quarterly meeting, for the reorganiza- 
tion of the work for the coming year. Officers were 
chosen as follows: Sunday-school superintendent, T. E. 
Wright ; Christian Workers' president, Esther Harvey. 
Church officers are much the same as last year. A fi- 
nancial program was outlined and pledges taken. All 
members of the mission are poor, financially, yet it was 
■jratifyuig to note how liberally some responded. The 
vcar has been fairly prosperous for our work — thirty 
having been baptized and one reclaimed. Most of them 
are Joyal to the church. 

There seems to be a healthy missionary spirit growing 
:tmong our people; $155 was given to our District Mis- 
sion Board. A total of $575 was raised by the mission 
-luring the year, besides the contributions of the Ladies' 
Aid Society. 

Through the kindness of friends from several churches 
over the District, many hearts were made glad during 
the Christmas season. We were able, through this means, 
Lo distribute several baskets of food to the needy, which 
was especially appreciated this winter, owing to the fact 
that so many are out of work. 

With the joy of the Christmas season comes the 
vidness which poverty often brings. A few evenings ago, 
in response to a knock at the door I admitted a boy 
with whom I was acquainted. He had come to ask for 
a little milk for the baby of the family— one and a half 
years old. It had had no milk since twenty-four hours 
before, and was then crying for some. He also stated 
that the family had nothing for supper at all. We tried, 
temporarily, to relieve their hunger. 

Christmas morning we called at a home where but 
little real happiness can penetrate. Father, mother and 
a little child of four are living in one room upstairs, 
with one window for light and ventilation. The father 
has been out of work, the mother has been confined to 
her bed for some months with sickness, and the little one 
was without practically any pi the joy of the Christmas 
season. A small doll which a friend gave her was all 
she had, with which to while away the long hours in the 
<lingy little room. These cases could be multiplied. Our 
hope is that soon work will become more.plentiful, and 
thus relieve the distressing conditions which prevail in 
the cities this winter. 

A crowded house enjoyed a fine program on Christmas 
Eve. About one hundred persons took part in the ex- 
ercises. Our regular services are fairly well attended. 
One hundred and four were present at Sunday-school 
Jan. 8, .and the house was full at the evening service. 
Some regular attendants of our services are near the 
Kingdom. Anna Miller. 

Kansas City, Kans. 


Dec. 4 Eld. A. M. Bashor, of Lawrenceburg, Tenn., 
began a series of meetings, continuing for two weeks, 
i wo united with the church by baptism. One awaits 
the rite. At the close of the meetings we had our com- 
munion, with twenty-two present. Our membership now 
is thirty-three. Ten have been received by baptism within 
the past year. 

On Christmas night the Sunday-school rendered a 
program. The average attendance at our Sunday-school, 
last year, was forty-six; average contributions, ninety- 
three and one-half cents. The school has been self-sup- 
Porting. We have decided to use the surplus of the 
offerings for a Sunday-school library. We can not show 

Sister Nancy J. Snider 

to the passing of her aged mother, Sister Nancy J. Snider, 
of Royerton, Ind. 

Deceased was born near Rushvillc, hid., June 25, 1829. 
She was a daughter of Bro. Absalom and Sister Rachel 
(Breezly) Shary. At the age of nine she moved with her 
parents on a farm near Granville, Delaware County. In 
* 1849 she was united in marriage to Alexander Snider, 
and two years later both united with the Church of the 
Brethren. Bro. Snider was a prominent deacon, and 
died in 1911. Sister Snider ably supplemented her hus- 
band's efforts in their home church — Mississinewa. 

"Sister Snider came down to us from a former genera- 
tion. Whenever the writer called at her door. he was al- 
ways warmly welcomed in, and she never tired in giving 
him the benefit of her vivid recollections of pioneer life 
in that part of Southern Indiana. The book, " History 
of the Mississinewa Church of the Brethren," off the 
press in 1917, was dedicated to her, who was the most 
aged and had longest been a resident member at Mis- 

Indeed, as we view it, in some ways, ninety-two years 
is a long time to live here. But, oh, what benedictions 
are to usward because we have such saintly old people 
with us in this earthly life. In them is long-tested and 
triumphant faith personified. More than many sermons 
do they inspire us to live nobly for God, 

"They are gone." That was evidently Sister Suider's 
feeling in the last years. Practically all those with whom 
she associated in her prime were gone. She was "the 
last leaf." We are told she was perfectly resigned and 
said there was a better place. She has moved, and lives 
now "absent from the body but at home with the Lord." 

Funeral was held Dec. 6, in the Union Grove house of 
the Mississinewa congregation. Services were conducted 
by Rev. Max Shaffer and Eld. J. A. Miller. Interment 
in Union Cemetery, near Eaton. Ralph G. Rarick. 

Stanley, Wis. . ^ . 


The annual Sunday-school Teachers' Institute of North- 
eastern Ohio convened at Akron, Dec. 28-30, with Dr. 
C. C. Ellis, J. W. Lear and Mrs. B. F. Wampler as in- 

Early on Wednesday morning the choristers began to 
arrive, and by 10:30 quite a large crowd had assembled. 
The day was spent in discussing the various phases of 
music, as "Musical Needs of Our Sunday-schools," and 
"What Would Life Be Without Music?" The question- 
box was very beneficial. But best of all was the inter- 
pretation of hymns, and the song leaders' drill. The ' 
leaders responded splendidly and were very appreciative 
of the helpful suggestions given them. 

Mrs. Wampler was filled with the spirit of song, and 
immediately infused that spirit into her audience. We 
were led to sec the importance of understanding the 
words we sing. Undoubtedly it was best to have our 
music day first, for it certainly prepared the audience for 
the rich spiritual feast which followed. 

Bro. Lear taught with power "The Doctrines of the 
Church," "The Inner Way," "Church Decorum," "The 
Supremacy of Man's Will," and "The All-Sufficiency of 
God's Will." These subjects were much needed and 
proved to be uplifting to all professing Christians. 

Dr. Ellis is truly an inspirational teacher and with 
beautiful, simple language, holds his audience spell-bound 
with a stirring message. His lectures on Psychology and 
Sunday-school Pedagogy are invaluable to the Sunday- 
school teachers. The one general remark made, during 
the Institute, was: "If only all of our teachers could be 

This Institute having proved so successful, the same 
force of teachers has been invited to return. Will you 
not make a special effort to be with us next year, if you 
missed this feast of good things? Zuma Hcestand. 

Orrville, Ohio. . ^ , 


Our quarterly council was held in the Grants Pass 
ehurchhouse, Jan. 2. Officers for the coming year were 
chosen: M. C. Lininger, elder; Sister Alice P. Morton, 
clerk; Bro. A. B. Coover, "Messenger" agent; the writer, 
correspondent; Ministerial Board, Brethren D. Holl, J. 
Christlieb and Sister Olga Johnson; Missionary Com- 
mittee, Sisters Jennie Holl, Lizzie Coover and Bro. J. 
Christlieb. The former Temperance Committee was re- 
tained. Bro. A. B. Coover is Sunday-school superintend- 
ent. Christian Workers! officers were retained, with 
Sister Jennie Drake, president. We also, at this time, 
organized a Junior Christian Workers' Department, with 
Sister Jennie Holl, superintendent. Our church, Sunday- 
school and Christian Workers' choristers comprise our 
Musical Committee. Our Sunday-school Board, which 
includes the elder and Sunday-school superintendent, 
is to arrange for class divisions and teachers. 

Eld. H. H. Ritter, of Mabel, preached for us both morn- 
ing and evening Jan. 1. Dec. 26-31 Eld. H. Smith, of 
Ashland, Ore., conducted a very profitable Bible Study 
class. An hour each morning was devoted to the study 
of the Holy Spirit, followed by an hour's study and map 
outline on the Life of Christ, conducted by Bro. A. B. 
Coover. Each evening, after a half hour of song and 
devotiouals, Eld. Smith preached on the doctrines, as 
recognized by our church. At the close three prizes were 
awarded the Juniors and Intermediates for the best set 
of maps drawn. Lizzie Coover. 

Grants Pass, Ore. 


On Thanksgiving Day some of the members of the Iowa 
River church came in with well-filled baskets and en- 
joyed a bountiful dinner with our aged brethren and 
sisters. Christmas Eve we had a tree for the old folks — 
the first one in this Home. Some had never seen a tree 
before. Each one received presents and all seemed to re- 
joice to know they had been remembered. 

Local churches, which arc represented by inmates in 
this Home, might well remember, in a special way, those 
coming from their church. It surely brings gladness to 
the aged ones when the local church does not forget 
them. The local Aid Society remembered the aged with 
a treat of candy, nuts, oranges and bananas — a custom 
that they have observed for fifteen years. 

We now have eleven members and at this writing all 
are fairly well except for infirmities brought about by 
age. Some will soon reach the ninety-year mark. They 
are quite well contented and are thankful for the com- 
forts provided for them. We have received inquiries 
from those who would lik» to enter this Home, though 
living outside of our District. May the time soon come 
when all of our dependent members can be cared fort 

We are, indeed, grateful for the gifts and donations 
from the various Aid Societies, but we wish that more 
of the churches would become interested in this institu- 
tion. The best way is to come and visit the place. We 
could use, to good advantage, some sheets and pillow- 
slips. Any articles, sent to the Home or its members, 
are appreciated, and prove a great help to the manage- 
ment. May your interest continue! 

Jan. 11 the Board met in semiannual session here. 
The most important business was the matter of relocat- 
ing this Home. Sentiment prevails, in the Districts con- 
nected with the Home, to make a change. A committee 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 28, 1922 

of three members was chosen from the Board— one 
from each District. Two invitations or offers were handed 
in for tlic final location. Bro. G. E. Goughnour and the 
superintendent were eh. .sen to sec what can be done by 
wav of solicitations and gifts for this purpose. The 
Board has secured the services of the writer for another 
„,, M a v the year 1822 be a better year than tbejast ! 
Will you cooperate with us? 

Marshalltown, Iowa. Mr. and Mrs. G. W. Keedy. 


Covln—DK. 18 th. deputation lean, ol La Vcrnc Coltae gave 
an ccclknl program. Firo. Lehnd Brtlboktr, o! the same place, 

treat wn< given in tlic primary and ji 
older classes gave money for tlic needy. A progr; 
?i the evening, enjoyed by a full house. D«, 30 the church met in 
quarterly council an, I Heeled Ihc follow, ng officers: Bro, t>. f. 
( lernberlcn Presiding elder; nro, E, E. Shaver, clerk; church cor- 
Spom nU, ES Margaret Fesler and Eulalia Overholt«r; "Mes- 
■onger" ngent, Sister Eulalia Overholt«r. She was also appointed 
cll „r,h rntrotn,,,,, ..„ I.a Y.".e Cull. - (! c. I..,; ! n rcccnUon was 
given to the pastor, Bro, J. A. Smeltzer, and wife, of Girard, HI. A 
program of several congregational songs, invoca ion, address ol wel- 
come, solos and a reading was enjoyed by all. A" box of apples 
and over seventy-five quarts of canned frmt were given to our 
pastor and wife, after which refreshments were served in the Aid 
Society room,-Mrs. S. W. Funk, Charter Oak, Calif., Jan. 9. 

Modeslo.-At our regular service. Jan, 1, Sunday-school superin- 
tendent and assistant were elected. The chorister, secretary and 
teachers were chosen later. With one or two exceptions, the offi- 
cers and teachers of last year were retained. There were about 
seventy-five present Jan. 8, to hear the splendid sermon given by 
Bro J II Price who has been preaching for us for several montlis. 
His efforts are very much appreciated by the Modesto members. One 
was restored to fellowship at our last service. Lots have been pur- 
chased lor a church site and we arc hoping to build in Ihc near 
future.-Allicc Dull, Modesto, Calif., Jan. 10. 

Rio Linda.— We held our love feast on New Year's night, when 
two ol our young brethren were installed in the ministry: Joe 
Ernest and Herbert Stritiel It was a very impressive service. 
Following this, a brief examination sermon was given by Bro. 
Hartman. Bro! W. R. Brubakrr also was with us, and officiated 
at the communion service. At present we have with us Bro. 
Peter Brubakcr and wife, of Medicine Hat, Can., who are looking 
mi a location. Our Sunday-school is evergreen, with good interest 
and attendance We are anxious to have Brethren locate here 
who 'are seeking a location in a mild climate. Any one desiring 
information may correspond with the wnter.-Mea Ernest. Kio 
Linda, Calif., Jan. 8. 


Fruita church met in council Jan. 6. Bro. J. R.Frantz was elected 
Cider for another year. With a few exceptions, all the old officers o 
the church, Sunday-school and Christian Workers were reelected 
for another vcar. We decided not to hire a pastor at present. Over 
$500 was pledged for church expenses. Our Sunday-school officers 
and teachers met for a council. We arc looking forward to a year 
of work for our Master.— J. A. Austin, Fruita, Colo,, Jan. 10. 

Hoxtun.— Our Sunday-school gave a very interesting program on 
Christmas Day. The special offering taken was sent lo the poor children 
in Denver. Immediately after the program, the chorus class gave a 
beautiful Christmas song story. On New Year's Day installation 
gen ices were held for all the new Sunday-school officers— about 
twenty-five in all, The following Sunday about four auto loads of 
people from Wages, an inland town, came to our Sunday-school.. We 
hat! a basket dinner in the basement of the church and enjoyed 
a social hour together. At 2 o'clock we witnessed a beautiful serv- 
ice, when four children from one home were baptized. We have 
nraver meeting every Wednesday evening. The attendance 

but gi 



being sh< 


Maude C. Kii 

ic, Ha; 

in, Colo., 

Bclhcl.-Eld. J. W. Kog< 
and preached six limes, 
meetings six more came f 
baptism. Recently w< 

■B, of Schring, Fla„ was with us Jan. 11-15 
ncluding one funeral. During those few 
rward, three to be reclaimed and three for 
ived eight into fellowship. We 

developing into good 

have twenty-seven members and they 
workers.— I. H. Crist. Muldlcburg, Fla., Jai 

Valdosta.— We were delighted to have Bro. M. R. Zigler, Home 
Mission Secretary for the General Mission Board, with us in De- 
cember. We have been made stronger by the inspiration received 
through his visit. Bro. Helm had been very sick and bedfast from 
the middle of July until about the middle of November, but is now 
able to take up the work again. We arc always glad to have the 
Brethren visit us.— Mrs. O. F. Helm. Valdosta, Ga., Jan. 5. 

Moscow church enjoyed a splendid Christmas program. The 
children did their parts well. The svork at Moscow is moving on 
nicely. Our Sunday-school has grown both in numbers and in- 
terest) also the preaching service. We have many more out to 
both morning and evening services than when we took up the 
work here. The members seem to have taken new courage. A 
number that had grown cold and indifferent are now attending. 
We expect greater things in the spring, as many of our members 
live far in the country.— Mrs. C. M. Yearout. Moscow, Idahoj Jan. 4. 
Payette Valley.— We arc glad lo announce that the work in the 
city of Payette was reopened Dec. 18. after having been closed 
six years. Bro. C- C. Cripc, formerly of Indiana, has been t se- 
cured to have charge. The brethren at Emmett. Idaho, also in this 
church, arc building a much needed house of worship. The work 
here at Fruitland is progressing nicely. We feci fortunate in being 
able to secure the service of Bro, H. G. Shank for the ensuing 
year. He has done splendid work here during the past year. Our 
love feast was held Dec. If?, with Bro. Cripc officiating. About 
175 communed. Seven have been baptized recently. Dec. 28 Bro. 
John Mctiler was installed into the ministry, having been elected 
to this office in the East. Bro. J. H. Graybill, of Nampa. helped 
in this work. Grant Fisher is our Sunday-school superintendent. 
and Sister Jane Sbamberger has charge of the Christian Workers' 
Society. We are anticipating good things for this year. — Clara E. 
Sargent, Fruitland, Idaho, Jan. 8. 

Twin Falls.— Dec 4 Eld. W. E. Trostle, of San Gabriel, Calif., be- 
K»n a series of meetings at this place and continued each evening 
and on Sunday until Dee. 22. Bro. Trostle is strong in personal as 
well as pulpit work. The meetings were very successful, resulting 
in sixteen accepting Christ, all of whom were baptized. The meet- 
ings closed with a communion at which Bro. Trostle officiated. At a 
council for the election of church officers, Eld. C. Fahrney was re- 
tained in charge for the new year. At the Christmas program a 
number of recitations and songs were given by the Sunday-school 
pupils. Mrs. Herman Schurgcr read the story of "The, Other Wise 
Man," by Henry van Dyke. Mrs. Schurgcr is an expert elocutionist. 
She gave the story well. We are planning to have the Lincoln 
Highway Auto Contest in the Sunday-school, to begin Jan. 22, un- 
der the efficient leadership of our superintendent, Bro. E. N. Flory.— 
Chas. W. Ronk. Twin Falls. Idaho, Jan, 16. 

Winchester church met in council Dec. 29. The following officers 
were elected for the year: Elder, S. F. Niswander; clerk, Bro. 
Amos Reed; "Messenger" agent and correspondent, the writer. 
Jan. 1 a Junior Christian Workers' Society was organized, with Sis- 
ter Fern Culbertson, president. Jan. 8 an offering of 583.30 was 
taken for the Forward Movement.— Amanda E. Flory, Winchester, 
Idaho. Jan. 10. 

Mount Morris.— We held our quarterly council Jan. 17. Elders J. 
M. Moore and S. S. Plum were with us. Prof. A. J. Brumbaugh 
and wile were ordained to the eldership, and Bro. Claire Miller was 
installed into the ministry. Our Sisters' Aid Society rendered an un- 
usually good report, showing an output amounting to nearly $500. 
Provision was made for an Educational Board, consisting of five 
individuals, including the pastor and one appointed by" Mt. Morris 
College- The three members selected by the church are Sister Amy 
White, Bro. J. P. Holsiuger and Prof. W. A. Cable. Eld. E. P. 
Trostle, Prof. J. B. White and the writer were appointed as our 
Local Ministerial Committee. We arc looking forward to what we 
hope will prove a very fruitful revival, in connection with the Mt. 
Morris College Bible Institute, to begin Feb. 5. For about a week 
wc have been without Pastor McCunc's assistance, he having been 
called to the bedside of his father.— Nelson E. Shirk, Mt. Morris, 111., 
Jan. 19. 

Sterling church met in members' meeting Jan. 9. with Eld. C. M. 
Sutcr, of Franklin Crove. presiding. Church officers were elected 
for the coming year. The pastor, Bro. E. F. Caslow, was chosen 
as elder in charge for one year; Bro. Geo. E. Whisler was reelected 
church clerk: Sister Lily Fraiit* was reelected "Messenger" agent; 
the writer, caurch correspondent; Sisters Jennie Hoak and Lily 
Frantz, Missionary Committee. Vacancies on the various church 
boards 'and committees were also supplied. ■ The attendance and 
spirit of the meeting was fine. Several business matters, relative 
to our local work, were disposed of by placing the responsibilities 
in the hands of committees. Eld. Suter, who has faithfully served 
the church at this place, as elder in charge, for more than five 
years, was tendered a vote of thanks by the members assembled, 
for his untiring efforts in serving the church at Sterling through- 
out these years. He earnestly requested to be relieved of the re- 
sponsibility, of age and the ill-health of iiis wife, which 
makes it difficult for him to get away from home at times. Since 
our last report one has beon received by baptism.— Mrs. Anna L. 
Caslow. 614 Sixth Avenue, Sterling, 111., Jan. 14. 

West Branch church held a business session the last week in 
December. Bro. S. S. Plum was chosen pastor and elder; W. H. 
Cordell, superintendent. On Jan. 7 wc had an installation of workers. 
During November we held a short revival service, conducted by Bro. 
Geo. Burgin, of Burr Oak, Kans, Weather and road conditions were 
very bad at the time. While there were no accessions, wc appre- 
ciated Bro. Burgin's efforts with us.— Minnie Cordell, Maryland, 111., 
Jan. 18. 

Dry Creek church met in council Jan, 15, with Bro. S. B. Miller 
in charge. A program was given on Christmas night by the Sun- 
day-school. An offering of $14,48 was taken for the benefit of the 
Child Rescue work.— Georgia Burgess, Robins, Iowa, Jan. 16. 

English River.— Wc have been having a large attendance at our 
regular services. Our Sunday-school and Christian Workers' 
Meetings arc doing fine work. The school gave a very interesting 
program on Christmas morning. The sisters of our church sent a 
box and barrel of eatables to the Orphans' Home at Council Bluffs 
for Christmas. Our elder, Bro. J. D. Brower, gave a very interest- 
ing talk to the children Jan. 8.— Mrs. Sylvia Senger, South English, 
Iowa, Jan. II. 

Greene.— The interest is very good in the various departments of 
our church work, considering the cold winter months. The pastor, Bro. 
Burton, is giving splendid practical sermons. He and his wife 
are out among the people in the homes each week, encouraging them 
to do greater work for the Master. Prayer meetings and practice 
singing are held each Thursday evening at the church, alternately. 
Since our last report one of our faithful members and zealous 
workers died— Sister Caroline Shook. She spent practically all her 
life here at Greene and did much to encourage the work of the 
church. She was one of our charter members— Elsie A. Pyle, Greene, 
Iowa, Jan. 16. 

Kingsley.— Dec. 25 and Jan. 1 we had the privilege of listening to 
two very interesting and instructive illustrated lectures, given 
by our pastor, Bro. Merlin G. Miller, on the subject of Temper- 
ance and Purity. Jan. 1 an installation service was held by Bro. 
Miller for the church and Sunday-school officers. Bro. Wm. Leh- 
man is our new Sunday-school superintendent; Sister June Puter- 
baugh, chairman of the Christian Workers' Society; Sister Eva 
Fike, president of the Sisters' Aid Society. Bro. Frank Lehman 
was reelected "Messenger" agent; the writer, correspondent. 
Jan. 7 the members of the Sisters' Aid and their families met at ^ 
the home of Sister Anna Graham for an all-day social time. About 
sixty-five were present.— Edith Lehman, Kingsley, Iowa, Jan. 8. 

Ottumwa.— The five principal churches- of South Ottumwa partici- 
pated in union services during the week of prayer (first week in 
January). There was a union service at each of the participating 
churches, with the pastors exchanging pulpits. Our pastor spoke at 
the Christian church, and the pastor of the Congregational church 
spoke at our church. The meetings were largely attended, and wc 
felt that much good was done. We were helped to become better 
acquainted and to understand each other better. This was done 
without the sacrifice of Gospel principles. The church presented our 
pastor and family with a load of coal for a Christmas present, as a 
token of their love and appreciation of their services among us. 
Expressions of love, shown in this way, not only help the receiver, 
but also those who give. The attendance at our church services is 
increasing. At our Wednesday night prayer meetings we have been 
studying doctrinal subjects and find them very interesting. Our 
average attendance for the winter has been thirty-five. We also 
are having some cottage prayer meetings, which are very helpful. — 
Mrs. Lillic M. Thompson, Ottumwa, Iowa, Jan. 12. 


Four Mile church met in council Jan. 7, to arrange work and to 
elect officers for this year. Our pastor, Bro. A. P. Musselman, was 
again chosen elder. Bro. David Rinehart, Jr., is our Sunday-school 
superintendent. The Sunday-school Board will select the other 
officers. The school continues to grow in interest and attendance. 
Wc had an average attendance of 102 for last year. Wc are having 
a very interesting young people's meeting, in which quite an active 
part is taken. Sister Linnet Rinehart is president.— Ethel Brower, 
Kitchcl. Ind.. Jan. 11. 

Indianapolis church met in council Jan. 7. The Christian Workers' 
Society was reorganized. We are looking forward to a series of 
meetings, to be conducted by Bro. J. W. Norris during March. 
Oh Christmas Eve the Sunday-school gave a special program. An 
offering of $18 was taken for the General Mission Board.— J. J. 
Kintncr. Indianapolis, Ind.. Jan. 11. 

Landess church met in council Dec. 17, with Eld. D. A. Hum- 
mer presiding. Three letters were received. Sister Lela Endsley 
was elected church clerk; Bro. Herbert Dilling, Sunday-school su- 
perintendent; Bro. M. Smeltzer, elder.— Mrs. Marshal Pence, Lan- 
dess, Ind., Jan. 15. 

Oak Grove church met in council Dec. 17, with Eld. M. I. Whit- 
mer presiding. Two letters were granted. The Missionary Com- 
mittee chosen consists of Brother and Sister Asa Mangus, and 
Brother and Sister Chas. Naragon. Bro. Richard Whitmer was re- 
elected "Messenger" agent; Bro. M. I. Whitmer, elder for another 
year; the writer, clerk and Sunday-school superintendent. — Harry 
Miller,. North Liberty, Ind.. Jan. 10. 

North Liberty.— New Year's Day found Bro. Manly Deeter in North 
Liberty for a several days' visit with the church at this place. He 
preached four excellent sermons, which were much appreciated by 
our members. — Mary Markley, North Liberty, Ind., Jan. 18. 

Abilene (Holland House).— We met in special council Dec. 28, with 
Bro. C. A. Shank presiding. The following Sunday-school and church 
officers were elected : Bro. Allen Mourer, superintendent ; Sister 
Hettie Nincchclscr, president of Christian Workers' Society. The 
Abilene and Holland churches have been fortunate in securing Eld. 
C. A. Shank as pastor for another year. The Ladies' Aid is doing a 
very good work and has reorganized with Sister Anna Spicer, presi- 
dent. Wc have heecn meeting every Thursday evening for Teacher- 
training Class, and much interest is being manifested. Bro. Shank 
is the teacher. Jan. 8 Bro. Shank preached a very inspiring ser- 
mon to the Sunday-school officers and teachers, followed by in- 
stallation services. Wc had an excellent Christmas program, ren- 
dered Dec. 25. The Young Married Folks' Class has been organized, 
with Sister Hettie Nincchelser, president.— Mrs. Belle Weber, Elmo, 
Kans., Jan. 13. 

Burr Oak church met in business session Dec. 31. Plans were 
laid and officers elected for the ensuing year: Sunday-school su- 
perintendent, H. L. Garbcr; "Messenger" agent. Ida Swoveland; 
correspondent and president of Christian Workers. Emil H. Hay- 
ward. Our Sunday-school attendance is good, and much interest 
is being shown in the fine preaching of our pastor, Bro. G. W. 
Burgin. Our Christmas program was well attended.— Emil H. Hay- 
ward. Burr Oak, Kans., Jan. 4. 

Central Avenue church met in council Dec. 19, with Eld. Chas. 
Miller presiding. The following officers were elected: Church clerk, 
Bro. Lcroy Leonard; agent for Brethren publications and presi- 
dent of Christian Workers' Meeting, Bro. Willie Price. Sister 
Laura Leonard had previously been reelected Sunday-school super- 
intendent. Our school gave a very entertaining program to a large 
audience on Christmas evening.— Mrs. E. T. Harman, Kansas City, 
Kans., Jan. 9. 

Lawrence church met in business session Jan. 6, with Eld. R. A, 
Yoder presiding. Church and Sunday-school officers were elected: 
T. E. Milrs, trustee; B. S. Katherman, clerk and "Messenger" 
agent; Sunday-school superintendent, J. F. Metsker. Eld. R. A, 
Yoder and family will be with us during the school-year.— Mrs. B. 
S. Katherman, Lawrence, Kans.. Jan. 13. 

Rock Creek church met in quarterly council Dec. 20, at which time 
we elected a financial committee and Ministerial Board. Sister Rose 
Bohn was chosen superintendent of our Sunday-school. The super- 
intendent, the assistant superintendent and the pastor consti- 
tute the Sunday School Board, and select the other officers and 
teachers. On Christmas Eve we had a program and an offering for 
the benefit of the needy. Jan. 3 we met in special council with Eld. 
W. H. Yoder, of Morrill, and Eld. Roy Kistner, of Sabetha, present. 
At this meeting Brethren F. M. Bailey and L. C. Manche were 
elected to the deacon's office and, with their wives, duly installed. 
The time of the writer as pastor was extended one year, and he 
was also elected as elder for the next year.— J. J. Tawzer, R. D. 6, 
Sabetha. Kans., Jan. 16. 

White Rock church met in council Jan. 14, with our pastor, Bro. 
Dennis Kesler, presiding. Church and Sunday-school officers wer^ 
elected for the year: Bro. Geo. Burgin, elder; Sister J. F. Bales, 
church clcrj<; Bro. Orville Switzcr, Sunday-school superintendent; 
the writer, " Messenger " agent and correspondent. We decided to 
have a scries of meetings in the spring.— Ellen Vader, Lovewell, 
Kans., Jan. 16. 

Bear Creek church took a Thanksgving offering of $37.04. We had 
a very interesting Christmas program. The offering amounted to 
$6.60; birthday offerings for the year, $13.04; total, $56.68, all of which 
was sent to the General Mission Board. Our Sunday-school is con- 
tinuing throughout the year with a good attendance. Teachers and 
officers of the Sunday-school were installed on New Year's Day.- 
Bertha E. Spoerlein, Accident, Md., Jan. 16. 

Black Rock.— We met in regular council Dec. 31. Elders David 
Y Brillhart and S. B. Myers, of East Codorus, were with us. The 
committee took the consent, -and ordained to the eldership Brethren 
C. Geiman and Geo. M. Resser.— E. E. Baugher, Lineboro, Md., 
Jan. 10. 

Monocacy.-Dcc. 10 Bro. Silas Utz met with us at the Detour 
house and remained until Sunday evening. He preached three in- 
spiring sermons. These meetings were well attended and his 
presence was much appreciated. Dec. 18 the Rocky Ridge Sundaj 
school held a Christmas service. The little folks did their part well. 
Brethren Marshal Wolfe and J. Welty Fahrney gave instructive 
talks to the children. Bro. Frank Ecker also gave us a talk. De.- 
25 a very interesting Christmas service was held by the Detour 
Sunday-school in the presence of a large audience. Bro. Victor 
Weybright, formerly one of our number, now attending school in 
Philadelphia, gave an account of the work he is helping to do amonw 
poor children. Bro. Marshal Wolfe also took part in this meeting. 
Both schools were given a treat. Our Thanksgiving offerings from 
* both places amounted to $25.65 which was sent to the Emergency 
Fund Our Christmas offering from the two points, $32.66, was 
given to the Old Folks' Home at San Mar. Wc have reorganized 
both SundayschooJs, with Bro. Elmer P. Schildt, superintendent at 
Rocky Ridge; and Bro. Samuel R. Weybright, superintendent at 
Detour. Our work is moving along nicely.— Elsie A. Eigenbrode. 
Rocky Ridge, Md., Jan. 12. 

Berrien church met in council Jan. 7, with our elder presiding 
Church officers for the coming year were elected, with Bro. Frank 
Kreider, elder; Sister Susie Platz, clerk; Brethren I. C. Howard, 
J. C. Butler and Sister Ida Shreve, Ministerial Board. Two were 
received by letter. The Christian Workers' president is J. C. But 
Icr; Sunday-school superintendent, Bro. Fred Hagley; correspond- 
ent, the writer; "Messenger" agent, Sister Lura Mitchell.— Mrs. 
Blanche Butler, Buchanan, Mich., Jan. 12. 


Bethel.— The members at Hines met at the home of Eld. M. L. 
Hahn Dec 25. A short program was given by the young people 
and children. The second chapter of Matthew was read by the writer, 
and Bro. Hahn used it as his text. Twenty-four surrounded the 
tables. After dinner wc spent a very happy and sociable afternoon 
together.— Florence Miller. Bcmidji, Minn., Jan. 11. 

Malmo.— The Bible Class met at the home of Martin Gudim 
Dec. 31 and we had a very interesting lesson, with Bro. J. F. 
Swallow of Jewett. teacher. A midnight lunch was served. Then 
wishing' each other a Happy New Year, we departed for our re- 
spective homes, feeling sure that our time had been well spent- 
Brother and Sister Jas. DcYoung also were with us.— Mrs. L. w 
Smith, Malmo, Minn., Jan. 7. 


Fairview church met in council Jan. 7. with Bro. Ramie Gas* 
conducting the opening exercises. We elected church and Sunday- 
school officers, with Bro. J. B. Hylton, elder in charge; Bro. Vern« 
Hylton. Sunday-school superintendent; the writer, Messenger 
agent and correspondent. We also appointed a Ministerial Boar ■ 
Brethren Steward. Ramie Gass and Floyd Hylton.-Mrs. J. B. Hyl- 
ton. Ava, Mo., Jan. 10. 

Happy Hill church experienced a feast of good things Jan. 6-8 in 
elusive Brother and Sister Roger Winger, of McPherson College. 
„« some splendid lectures. Bro. Winger emphasized the need of 
religious education, and training of our children for the church 
Sister Winger read and told interesting stories to the children. Uur 
iunday-school was reorganized with Bro. Merle W.tmore. super- 
inlcndenf the writer, "Messenger" correspondent. Jan. 15 our 
minister 'Bro. G. W. Lcntz, gav S a stereopticon lecture which was 
much appreciated.-Mablc Beshore, Rich Hill, Mo., Jan. 16. 

Mountain Grove.-We reorganized our Sunday-school Jan. 1. with 
Bro. Walter DeBord, superintendent. Bro. A. M. feterson w 
month, which will greatly encourage the W 

preach for us 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 28, 1922 


tie band of members here.— Jennie Ncher, Mountain Grove. Mo., 
Jan. 16- 

Warrensburg City church has just closed a very inspiring scries 
f evangelistic services, held by Brother and Sister O. H. Austin, 
of McPherson, Kans. Five were baptized and one awaits the rite. 
Considering the weather and th« time of year, the attendance and 
interest were good.— Rowena Wampler, Warrensburg, Mo., Jan. 12. 

Omaha church met in business session Dec. 31, with Eld. L. L. 
Meek presiding. Church and Sunday-school officers for the fol- 
lowing year were elected as follows: Bro. Meek, elder; J. W. Rasp, 
superintendent; Anna Rasp, church clerk; O. J. Dickey, Christian 
Workers' president. Bro. Lcandcr Smith, of Council Bluffs, Iowa, 
conducted the election for deacons, which resulted in Bro. A. J. Fry 
and wife being installed. The work here is prospering and, with 
the cooperation of our newly-elected officers, we are looking for- 
ward to a successful year. — Esther Rasp Dickey, Omaha, Nebr,, 
Tan. 16. 


Brooklyn.— At our Thanksgiving service approximately $80 was re- 
ceived for the general Mission Board. During December, the Sis- 
ters' Aid Society, in cooperation with another organization of 
vounger sisters, conducted a sale, clearing $150, of which about $136 
was donated to the church. Dec. 28 the Sunday-school rendered a 
Christmas program, which was well attended and well received. A 
ireat was given to all Sunday-school attendants. Six have been 
baptized since the last report, making a total of thirty-two, dur- 
ing the past year, who have been won by personal work. On ac- 
count of the illness of our pastor, Bro. J. S. Noffsingcr, the pulpit 
was filled Jan. IS by Brethren Wni. A. Robinson and Frederick Mac- 
Peck. A Mission Study Class has just been organized. It is con- 
ducted by our pastor and, meets each Wednesday evening.— Florence 
Wieand Noffsingcr, Brooklyn, N. Y., Jan. 16. 


Little Pino congregation met in council Jan. 7. A lecture was 
given by Eld. W. H. Handy. We had a large attendance. Sisters 
Effa Cox and Virgic Wilson F. Cox were with us from Cale Creek, 
Va. Our church is getting along nicely. Last year there were five 
additions by baptism, making sixty-one members, five deacons, two 
ministers and two elders.— Enimcr Handy, Sparta, N. C, Jan. 9. 


New Bockford.— Sunday-school officers were elected Jan. 1 for the 
enming six months, with Bro. Chas. Colony, superintendent. New 
teachers have also been installed and classes reorganized. A Christ- 
mas program was given by the school, each class contributing its 
part to the entertainment. Eld. Win. McCann and family will make 
their future home in this city, which will be greatly appreciated, 
for up to this time we have bad no resident minister. Bro. Alfred 
Kreps. of Barlow, has been ably filling his appointment every two 
weeks. The activities of the Sunday-school in general arc steadily 
growing and we arc planning on a greater work for the coming 
year.— Effic Colony, New Rockford, N. Dak., Jan. 16. 


in council Jan. 13, 

E. S. Fouts, 
elected to so- 

Elk City church n 
of Waynoka, acting 
licit funds to support a minister at Elk City. Bro., Fouts was chosen 
.is our elder for the year. Bro. Fouts delivered one sermon while 
Imre, which was highly appreciated.— Wm. Root, Elk City, Okla., 



Monitor.— Our church has just closed a series of meetings, con- 
ducted by Bro. D. W. Hosteller, of Thomas, Okla. Bro. Hostetler 
f> reached the Word with power and simplicity. He did not shun to 
declare the whole Word. Although there were no accessions to the 
church, we feel strengthened and built up through his efforts. We 
.ire few in number and any members desiring to change locations 
would do well to consider our country. We will gladly answer all 
inquiries, and would also appreciate to have others locate with 
ub and help us along in this part of God's vineyard.— Sarah Miller 
Logsdon, Nash, Okla., Jan. 16. 

Red River churSh met in council Dec. 29, with Eld. Jos. Nill pre- 
siding. Officers for the coming year were elected: Bro. Nill, 
elder; Sister Lizzie Hart, clerk; Pearl Whitlock, " Messenger " 
agent and church correspondent. Sister Hart also was appointed 
to secure a minister to hold a series of meetings for us in the near 
future. We are talking of either selling or moving our church- 
house to a more suitable location . as we no longer hold services 
m it. Bro. Nill fills five appointments each month. The attendance 
and interest are good at each place.— Pearl Whitlock, Loveland, 
Okla., Jan. 9. 


Block Swamp.— The Christian Workers' Society reorganized Jan. 
1, electing Bro. Walter Kurfes, president. The same day we ap- 
pointed our Sunday-school teachers for the year and also formed 
one new class, making six in all.— Mrs. Ascnath Baker, LeMoyne, 
Ohio, Jan. 16. 

Danville.— Sister Zuma Hecstand, District Sunday-school Secretary, 
was with us in November for Promotion Day. The collection taken 
for the Emergency Fund amounted to over $66.— Icie M. Workman, 
Danville, Ohio, Jan. 9. 

Lima.— Our Sunday-school was reorganized Dec. IS. All the old 
teachers were retained, and one new class was formed, with Sister 
Lucy Armentrout, teacher. This makes nine classes, and every 
available space for class-rooms is being occupied. Our regular at- 
tendance this winter is from 120 to 135. Jan. 8 Bro. Haines con- 
ducted the installation service for the new Sunday-school officers 
and teachers— twenty- seven in all. Hi6 sermon was filled with 
thought and suggestions, calculated to arouse all to their utmost 
duty. Eld. G. A. Snider preached for us at the evening service. 
His message was a stirring appeal to the members for loyalty and 
cooperation in church work. He also conducted the pastoral 
election, which resulted in retaining, by a large majority, Bro. O. 
P. Haines for the third year. During this period twenty-seven 
have been received by baptism, twenty-two by letter. Seven were 
granted letters, two withdrew from church fellowship, one died. 
The total increase is thirty-nine. Bro. Haines reported 1,097 
1'astoral visits; lowest average attendance at prayer meeting for 
any one quarter, 12; highest, 24. during the last quarter ol 1921; 
'"crease of attendance at preaching services, 40 per cent; at Sun- 
day-school. 44 per cent; average attendance at Sunday-school for 
1919. 82; for 1920, 106; for 1921, 120.— J. W. Swain, Lima, Ohio, Jan. 8. 

New Philadelphia congregation met in council Jan. S, with Eld. 
A. B. Horst presiding. We have decided to use the envelope system 
for our offerings. We have also decided to have junior prayer- 
meetings. The following officers have been elected: Elder, A. B. 
Horst; clerk, Bessie Stephan; trustee, A. Torgler; " Messenger " 
agent, Anna Johnson; Sunday-school ' superintendent, John Akc; 
Christian Workers' president, John Ake. We have enjoyed three 
numbers of our lecture course— the first "What Makes a Man?" by 
Otho Winger; second, " Beauties of America," bv Captain Wiard; 
third, " Orange Blossoms." by H. K. Ober. Our love feast will be 
held at the close of a series of meetings, to be conducted by Bro. 
G- S. Strausbaugh, beginning Jan. 22.— Bessie Stephan, New Phila- 
delphia, Ohio, Jan. 12. 

Notice.— The Ministerial Meeting of Northwestern Ohio will be held 
■n Lima, Tuesday, Feb. 7, at 10 A. M. Young People and the 
Church.— E. E. Eshelman. The Church of Today and Thirty Years 
Ago.— Wm. R. Guthrie. Evangelism.— Jay Hornish. New officers 
will be elected at this meeting, as there was no business transacted 
at the last meeting.— J. S. Dejean, Secretary, Nevada, Ohio, Jan. 16. 

Pleasant View.— Dec. 29 and 30 Brethren Schwalm and Shultx, of 
Manchester College, were with us in a Sunday-school Normal. Bro. 
Schwalm gave an interesting lecture on Wednesday evening to a 
full house. His discussions on Thursday and Friday, on "The In- 
terpretation of the Sermon on the Mount," were very interesting arid 

instructive. Bro. Shuitz's discussions on " How to Teach Religion " 
were practical and helpful, and were much appreciated. The meet- 
ings were welt attended.— Ruby Byerly, Lima, Ohio, Jan. 12, 


Albany. — Dec. 5 Eld. Geo. Strycker began special services at our 
country appointment, ahout twenty-five miles cast of Albany, con- 
tinuing till the 16th with increasing interest and attendance. One 
was baptized. We closed on the 17th with a love feast in the 
home church, with Bro. Strycker officiating, assisted by Eld. H. H. 
Rilter. We commenced meetings in Albany the 18th, closing Dec. 
28. We arc sure that Bro. Stryckcr's earnest presentation of the Old 
Story .did much good. He began services at the country appoint* 
ment again Jan. 1, continuing till the 4th, closing on account of 
sickness.-E. W. Pratt. Albany. Ore., Jan. 11. 

Ashland.— Uhc corrected report of our quarterly meeting in De- 
cember should read, regarding officers elected, as follows: Bro. 
Hiram Smith, elder in charge; Eld. M. C. Lininger, secretary; Sis- 
ter Blanch Lininger, president of Christian Workers. We rejoiced, 
the first day of the new year, to have a young man definitely con- 
fess his faith in Jesus. He was baptized and admitted to the 
church.— Mark Browcr. Ashland. Ore.. Jan. IS. 

Portland.— Our pastor, Bro. J. U. G. Stiverson, returned recently 
from Olympia, Wash., where he assisted in revival meetings. He 
occupied the pulpit in Portland Jan. 15 and preached a forceful 
sermon on the subject, "A Glimpse Beyond tho Grave." Bro. Geo. 
Strycker will begin revival services here Jan. 22. Considering the 
cold weather, during the past two months, all services have been 
well attended, and we hope that the new year will bring much spirit- 
ual strength to the church.— Grace W. Hewitt, Portland, Ore., Jan. 16, 


Annvillo.— Bro. Rufus Bucher, of Mechanic Grove, Pa., began a 
series of meetings at the Annvillc house in December, and continued 
until Jan. 12. Eleven stood for Christ. We feel that all were built 
up and strengthened by his helpful sermons, which were very much 
appreciated by interested and attentive audiences. An offering was 
lifted at one of our regular meetings for the Emergency Fund, The 
Sunday-school superintendents and officers, also the Christian Work- 
ers' officers, were elected for the coming year.— Fannie K. Longeneek- 
cr, Annville, Pa., Jan. 17. 

Bethany.— On Christmas Eve our choir left the church shortly be- 
fore midnight and visited about thirty homes, singing Christmas 
carols, thus bringing cheer into the hearts of many. On Christmas 
night, instead of our regular preaching service, the choir very ably 
rendered the cantata, " Lord of All," for which they deserve great 
credit. Beginning Jan. 3, cottage prayer meetings arc being held in 
the different homes, in preparation for our evangelistic meetings, 
which will be held by our pastor, Bro. Bowman. Jan. 14-29.— Mrs. 
C. Bartolett, Philadelphia, Pa., Jan. 12. 

Codonis congregation met in council at the Codorns house Jan. 2, 
wjfch Eld. D. Y. Brillhart presiding. We had with us Elders Daniel 
Bowser and A. S. Baughcr. An election for a minister was held and 
Bro. D. Edw. Kccny was chosen and installed. Two deacons were 
also chosen and installed: Brethren Chas. H. Ness and Martin M. 
Hartman. Jan. 8 we were favored with a sermon by Eld. Geo. N. 
■ Falkcnstein. We decided to hold a series of meetings at the Codorns 
house this spring. Bro. R. W. Schlosser will begin a series at the 
Shrewsbury house July 25, and Bro. Frank S. Carper at the Pleasant 
Hill house sometime in August.— E. H. Lehman, Dallastown. Pa., 
Jan. 8. 

Elk Lick church met in business session Jan. 7, with the pastor, 
Bro. D. K. Clapper, presiding, Satisfactory reports were given, and 
officers were elected for the coming year. Dec. 23 we rendered a 
Christmas program, at the close of which an offering of $20.85 was 
received for the Near East Relief. Jan. 1 we reorganized our Sun- 
day-school and elected new officers, with Bro. Lloyd Vought, su- 
perintendent. The officers and teachers have been installed, a few 
added to the roll, a new class organized, and the prospects look 
good for the ensuing year. Our Thanksgiving offering by both 
Sunday-school and church, amounting to $86.10. was sent to the 
Emergency Fund.— Mrs. Lloyd Vought, Mcyersdale, Pa., Jan, 16, 

Hatfield congregation met in council Dec. 31, with Eld. Wm. B. 
Frctz presiding. The session was an all-day one, with much work on 
hand. Four letters were granted and (our received. A splendid 
church offering was lifted. Our Sunday-schools were reorganized as 
follows: Hatfield, superintendent, Bro. Norman Frederick; Lans- 
dale, Bro. Geo. K. Henning. Our Sunday-schools lifted, on Christ- 
mas Day, offerings amounting to a little over $200, in behalf ol the 
Russian sufferers. Our love feast we expect to celebrate May 13, 
preceded by a two weeks' revival with Bro. Wm. K. Conner, of 
Harrisburg, Pa., evangelist.— J. Herman Roseubcrger, Souderton, Pa., 
Jan. 16. 

Lebanon.— Brethren Simon G. Bucher and Bucklcw, both of Ann- 
villc, Pa., as well as Bro. Jonathan King, of Richland, Pa., preached 
for us at various times during the fall months, both in the city and 
at the mission. Thanksgiving evening was one of much interest to 
twelve members of the Bible Study Class, who, having success- 
fully finished Bro. E. S. Young's Bible Course, held their com- 
mencement exercises. The program was a fine one and was well 
rendered. The class originally numbered forty and the teacher was 
Bro. Ammon H. BrubacheV. A few days prior to Thanksgiving 
an appeal was made by the president of the Christian Workers' 
Society lor a donation of clothing and eatables. A hearty response 
followed, and baskets were distributed among seventeen families of 
the city's poor. Dec. 26 a woman, conscious of her lost condition 
and knowing that her life was of short duration, requested bap- 
tism, which was administered by Eld. Nathan Martin and Bro. Wm. 
Forry. She died at the close of the third day. A special love 
feast had been arranged for her benefit, but she had just passed 
away before the time for that service. A few other aged sisters, who 
could not be present at the fall love feast, were then brought to the 
feast, in which nineteen participated. — Martha Z. Eckert, Lebanon, 
Pa., Jan. 6. 

Lower Concwago.— Our meetings were well attended at the Wolga- 
muth house. The results are, that eight have been received into the 
church by baptism; three await this ordinance. Bro. Grant Group 
was the evangelist, and wc believe that these results were largely 
due to his earnest efforts. With all this in view, we attribute the 
(Continued on Page 64) 


BAGLEY, IOWA.— We organized May 4, 1921, as a Home Depart- 
ment of the Sisters' Mission Circle of Yale, Iowa, and Sept. 8, 1921, 
organized as the Mission Circle of Bagley. We held 13 all-day and 
25 halt-day meetings. We spent the time in piecing and making 
quilts and comforters. We made 12 booklets and sent them to In- 
dia. Wc sewed rags and made 2 rugs for the Orphans' Home at 
Ankcny, Iowa; we also made some little quilts for the Home. Our 
average attendance is 8; average collection, 70 cents. We have re- 
ceived $17.33 and expended $11.17. Officers: Sister Stella Knight, 
President; Sister Lova Dcardorff, Vice-President; the writer. Sec- 
retary-Treasurer.— Miss Alma Austin, Bagley, Iowa, Jan. 9. 

BAREV1LLE, PA.— The Conestoga Sewing Circle held 28 meet- 
ings; members enrolled, 31; average attendance, 13. We held 2 meet- 
ings in homes, sewing for the children. We quilted 13 quilts and 
made many articles of clothing. We sent 51 pieces of children's 
clothing to Nelie Wampler. Wc gave «5 to the Girls' Boarding- 
school in India; $15 to the Oley Mission; paid the expenses of one 
of our ministers to the Training School at Elizabethtown. Balance 
from last year and receipts for this year, $104.81; paid out, $68.96; 
balance, $35.85. Officers: President, Mollie G. Myer; Vice-Pj-csident, 
Emma Myer; Treasurer, Anna Kurtz; Secretary, the writer.— Amanda 
L. Groff. Bareville, Pa., Jan. 9. 

BATAVIA, ILL.— During 1921 we held 50 meetings; average at- 
tendance, 8. We received for quilting, $27.50; birthday offerings, 
$6.34; coverings, $1.1.10; dues and donations, $28.55; comforters, $32.75; 
paid for decorating the church, $50; Emergency Fund, $10; Chicago 
mission, $5; clothing sent to Chicago valued at $20; balance, $76.50. 
Officers; President, Mrs. R. Hcagle-y; Vice-President, Mrs. Mary 
Netriey; Secretary-Treasurer, the writer.— Mrs. L. A. Pollock, Ba- 
tnvia, 111., Jan. 13. 

BEECH GROVE, OHIO.— Wc held 15 all-day meetings, with an 
average attendance of 8. We knotted 3 comforts, made 48 bonnets, 
32 dresses; sewed two days; served 3 sale-dinners, clearing $36.79. 
We sent a sack of clothing and a barrel of eatables to Chicago 
mission, $20; to India Orphanage, $25; to Chinese sufferers, $25; to 
District Secretary, $5; home missions, $10; paid $20 of «ur $50 Mercy 
Bond at Bethany Hospital; carried over from last year, $122.42; do- 
nated $85; balance, $106.98. Officers: Mrs. Irvin Royer, President; 
the writer, Secretary; Mrs. Jake Hollingcr, Treasurer.— Mrs. Irvin 
Ilullingcr. New Madison, Ohio, Jan. 9. 

CLOVER CREEK, PA.-Rcport of Sisters' Aid: We held 24 meet- 
ings; enrollment, 12; average attendance, 6. Our work consisted of 
making bonnets, prayer-coverings, aprons and quilts. Balance in 
treasury. Jan. 1, 1922, $114.28; received during the year, $63.36; total, 
$177,64, Wc gave to Mrs. Galen B. Royer, $100; to foreign missions, 
$10; for materials, $27.87; offerings, $8.22; for prayer-coverings, $9.35; 
balance. $149.77. Officers: President. Mrs. Frank Brumbaugh; Vice- 
President, Mrs. Harvey Fornwall; Secretary-Treasurer, Mrs. Elvin 
KensiiiRer.— Iva B. Brumbaugh, Marlinshurg, Pa., Jan. 9. 

COVINA, CALIF.-Wc had 32 meetings during the year, with an 
average attendance of 9. We arc helping to clothe two boys who 
arc county charges, but who are being cared for by a sister of 
our Aid. The Good ChcVr Committee reported 138 visits to the sick. 
Wc donated many old garments and made 89 new ones. 24 comforters, 
5 of winch were given to La Verne College, 22 coverings and i 
.quilts. Wc canned 96 quarts of tomatoes for La Verne College. 
Money received during the year, $162.14; expended, $156.67. including 
gifts to India Widows' Home, Mary Quinter Memorial Hospital, 
Near East Relief, Aid Society foreign mission fund, We kept a girl 
in school at Liao Cliou, China. Officers: Mrs. S. W. Funk, Presi- 
dent; Sister Olive Smcltzer. Vice-President; the writer, Secretary- 
Treasurer.— Eulnlia Ovcrholtzer, Covina, Calif., Jan. 11. 

DONNELS CREEK, OHIO.-We held 23 all-day meetings with an 
average attendance of 8, Wc quilted S quilts, knotted 5 comforters, 
made and donated 12 prayer-coverings to the Greenville Home; made 
clothing valued at $35 for the East Dayton Mission; spent several 
days sewing for needy families; pieced quilt-blocks, made dust caps 
and aiui-bonneta. Balance in treasury from last year, $53.35; offer- 
inga, (26.11; birthday offerings from the Sunday-school, $14.86; for 
sewing done, quilts ami comforters sold, and donations, $125.01; 
total, $229.3J; spent for material, $54.17; foreign missions, $10; to one 
of our home ministers, $10; to Manchester College. $10; carpet in the 
church, $127; total, $211.17; balance, $18.16. Officers: Sister Mary 
Roof, President; Sister Emma Fundcrburg, Vice-President; the 
writer, Secretary-Treasurer.— Ruth Dresner, Springfield. Ohio, Jan. 11. 

ENGLISH PRAIRIE. IND.— The Aid Society held 12 all-day meet- 
ings, with an average attendance of 19. Our work consisted ol sew- 
ing r.itis, piecing and making comforters, making clothing for 
those in need, A box ol clothing and comforters was sent to Grand 
Rapids, Mich, We gave $iS to the India Girls' School; $5 to O, F. 
Helm; $26 to Bethany, Chicago; amount received, $64.91; 
paid out, $85.1$; balance, $15.29. Officers: President, Sister Pearl 
Bontrager; Vice-President, Sister Gertie McKcnzie; Secretary, Sis- 
ter Marjorie Lear; Treasurer, Sister Delia Wingard.— Mrs. Lydia 
Walters, Howe, Iud., Jan. 11. 

FIRST SPOKANE, WASH.-Mectings held during 1921, 32; average 
attendance, 7; average collection, $1.52. Money on hand from 1920, 
$30.92; donations, $4.90; received for work and sales, $99.42; collec- 
tions, $-17,89; total, $I83.1J; paid out, $159.73; balance, $23.40. Our Aid 
Society purchased two sewing-machines, and our basement has been 
so arranged that we can hold meetings there. We made 3 com- 
forts, 2 quilt-tops, 15 aprons, 25 prayer-coverings, a number of. 
garments, tied J comforts and did > days' sewing. Officers: Sister 
Er*in Weaver, President; Sister J. Henry, Vice-President; the writer, 
Secretary Treasurer.— Mrs. Royal Force, Spokane, Wash., Jan. 12. 

FOSTORIA, OHIO.-Report of Ladies' Aid: Enrollment for 1921, 11; 
average attendance, 7; number of all-day meetings, 51, We'madc 22 
quilts and 2 comforts; sewed 15 pounds of carpet-rags. Amount re- 
ceived for work and from donations, $97,71; balance at beginning of 
year, $63.13; paid on parsonage, $1UQ; io church hospital, $10; Girls' 
Boarding-school in India, $10; Mason Mission, $14; insurance on 
Church, $8.30; General Secretary, $1; for dowers, 75 cents; " Mes- 
senger " to two families, $2; balance, $14.79, Officers: President, 
Sister Lydia Dickey; Vice-President, the writer; Secretary-Treas- 
urer, Sister Belle Crawford.-Fannic Ingle, Fosloria, Ohio, Jan. 1. 

HOMESTEAD, MICH.-Rcport of Sisters' Aid Society from Oct. 7, 
1920, to Dec. 30, 1921: Wc held 14 meetings, with an average attend- 
ance of 8. Dues taken in, $11.20; donations, $6.10; sale of II prayer- 
coverings, $J.65; comforters and quilts, $16.25; other articles, 70 
cents; total, $37.90; expenses, $24.44; balance, $13.54. Officers: Presi- 
dent, .Sister Clara Lung; Vice-President, Sister M. Raichart; Secre- 
tary, the writer.— Anna M. Sollcnbergcr, Bcnzonia, Mich., Dec. 30. 

HUDSON. IND.-Thc Sisters' Aid Society of the Pleasant Chapel 
congregation held 8 meetings during the year, with an average at- 
tendance of II. The work consisted of knotting comforts, hemming 
tablecloths and towels for the church; making a table-cover and 
garments; sewing carpet together; sewing carpet-rags; piecing 
comfort-tops; doing mending for a sister, and cleaning the church. 
Amount received in collections and donation, $67.70; expended, $57.70; 
balance, $10. Officers: Sister Clara Ober, President; Sister Delia 
Smith, Vice-President; Miss Oeie Smith, Secretary; Sister Fanny 
Perkins, Treasurer.— Miss Alvadah Smith, Helmcr, Ind., Jan. 9. 

LEBANON, PA.-Aid Society report from March I, 1921, to Jan. 1, 
1922: Wc held 30 meetings, with an average attendance of 5. Much 
of the work consisted of quilting. Wc made 19 blsuses and IS romp- 
ers for the Associated Charities of the city; made 1 comfort, 40 
sun-bonnets, 10 aprons and quilted 9 bedspreads. Receipts, $114.26; 
expenses, $80.94; balance, $33,32. Officers: President, Sister Eliza- 
beth Martin; Vice-President, Annie Breideiistein ; Secretary, Katie 
Brubaker; Treasurer, Nora Edris,— Martha Z. Eckert, Lebanon, Pa., 
Jan. II. 

LOGAN, OHIO.— We held one half-day and 6 all-day meetings, with 
an average attendance of 8. Our work consisted of doing miscalla- 
neous sewing. Wc gave $-10 to foreign missions; 2 boxes to Chi- 
cago; papered the Sunday-school rooms; paid $104.25 for erection of 
wood-house at parsonage; $10 to Manchester College. We served 
lunches at 5 public sales; on hand, at beginning of year, $142,81; bal- 
ance, $101.94. Officers: President, Fern Spigelmoyer; Vice-President, 
Anna Eshelman; Secretary -Treasurer, Viola Blumenshine— Barbara 
Hosteller, Bellcfontainc, Ohio, Jan. 8. „ 

LOGANSPORT, IND.-Rcport of Sisters' Aid Society: Enrollment, 
13; average attendance, 8; number of meetings held, 32; amount re- 
ceived during the year, $125.07; we gave to foreign missions, $35; to 
Home Missions, $30; besides caring for the poor and needy in our 
city. Officers: President, Sister Ella Murphy; Vice-President. Sis- 
ter Gertrude Obcrliu; Secretary, the writer; Treasurer, Clara Smith. 
—Ruth Browcr, Logansport, Ind.. Jan. 12. 

LOON CREEK, IND.-Report of Aid Society for 1921: Number of 
meetings, 27; average attendance, 11; enrollment, 24. We knotted 2 
comforts, quilted 9 quilts, 1 comfort, made 5 bonnets, 10 coverings, 
10 towels, J5 garments, pieced comfort-teps; served dinner at a pub- 
lic sale. We gave a box of bedding and clothing to Old Folks" 
Home, Mexico, Ind.; $1 to Home; 1 comfort to poor family; $1 to 
District Treasurer; $25 to Forward Movement; $50 for pastor's sup- 
port; $10 to Conference offering; $4.05 for shoes for poor children; 
$10 to Delphi church; amount on hand at beginning of year. $116.69; 
receipts, $135.20; expenses and donations, $167:80; balance, $84.09. 
Officers: President, Sarah Heaston; Vice-President. Phebe Paul; 
Secretary-Treasurer, Elizabeth Goslee.— Lucinda Zook, Huntington, 
Ind., Jan. 12. 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 28, 1922 

MANOR. MD-— Report of the Ladies' Aid Society: We have 9 ac- 
tive members, with an average attendance of S. We also have 18 
honorary members. Wc held 37 half-day and 4 all-day meetings. 
Our work consisted of making quilts, comforts, aprons, bonnets and 
coverings* Receipts for the year, $96.24; paid out for material, 
$28.90; to Aid Society foreign mission fund, $40; $25 to our hos- 
pital in Chicago on a fifty dollar Mercy Bond; $' for flowers for 
sick; SI to District Secretary. At Christmas time wc sent a box 
of clothing to Douglas Park Mission, Chicago, containing 30 new pieces 
of clothing and a nijmher of second-hand pieces. Officers: Mrs. 
Howard Rcichard. President; Mrs. Chas. CofTman, Vice-President; 
the writer. Secretnr> -Treasurer.— M. Portia Rowland, Fairplay, Md., 
Jan. 9. 

MEXICO, IND.-Kcport of Dorcas Aid for 1921: Number of meet- 
ings held, 45; average attendance, 12. Wc pieced 7 quilts, quilted 
16; tacked 18 comforts; made 104 garments; donated 4 days' sewing 
to Orphans' Home; gave Christinas dinner to Old Folks' Home. 
Money received during the year: For work, $110.18; fees, $29.90; do- 
nations, $6.18; birthday offering, $6.29; total, $152.55; money in 
treasury at beginning of year, $44.62; total, $197.17; paid out to For- 
eign Missions, $35; Home Missions. $25; home church, $50; flowers for 
sick and funerals, $8.50; three poor Families, $17; ice cream for sale, 
$6; material for Aid, $21.67; total, $158.17; balance, $39. Officers: 
Sister Alice Miller. President; Sister Laura Loguire, Vice-President; 
the writer, Secretary Treasurer.— Nettie Fisher, Mexico, Ind., Jan. IS. 
MIDLAND, VA.-Our Sisters' Aid Society held 13 meetings during 
the year, with an average attendance of 7; average offering, $2.20. 
Wc spent the time in making comforters, dust-caps, coverings, etc. 
Total amount received from sales and offerings, $99.32; balance from 
last year. $27.11; total. $116.43; expenditures, $113.10. Wc gave $8.25 
to our field secreiarv; $10 toward Vacation Bible School; $15 to 
District Mission Board; $20 to Hebron Seminary; $16.67 to Forward 
Movement- $5 to an invalid brother; $22.82 for local expenses. Offi- 
cers: President, Mrs. Mary Smith; Vice-President, Mrs. Alice Kline; 
Secretary-Treasurer, the writer.— Mrs. Lucy Long, Bealeton, Va., 
Jan. 14. 

MUNCIE, IND.-Reporl of Sisters' Aid Society of the Antioch 
church for 1921: We held 21 meetings, with ar average attendance 
of 12; enrollment. 35. Our work consisted of quilting, piecing, 
knotting comfort-tops, and sewing for sisters of the Society. Wc 
served lunch at two sales. Wc gave $15 to Rose Kaylor fund; $10 to 
Forward Movement; $7 to Middletown Home; $4.75 for flowers; total. 
$39.80; monev taken in, $77.40; carried over from 1920, $75.76. Offi- 
cers: President, Sister Clara Ritchie; Vice-President, Sister Rce 
Priddy; Secretary-Treasurer, Bertha Carpenter.— Luetic Shaver, Mun- 
cie, Ind., Jan. 10. 

MUSCATINE. lOWA.-Our Sisters' Aid Society held #> meetings. 
We corded over 1.900 buttons; received donations and absent fees to 
the amount of $56.39; on hand Jan. 1, 1921, $37.23; paid to foreign 
missions and China Relief, $30.65; borne help, $10; on hand, $52.94. 
Officers: Vice-President. Sister Davis; Treasurer. Sister Miller; 
Secretary, the writcr.-Mrs. Edwin Smith, Muscatine, Iowa. Jan. 5. 
MYERSTOWN, PA.-Renort of Sisters' Aid Society: Wc met 42 
times, with an average attendance of 8; there arc 25 members en- 
rolled, 15 of whom are active. We made 18 quilts. 2 comforts, 2 
aprons and 2 bonnets. We gave to Girls' School in India and Hos- 
pital in China, $27; Near East Relief, $5; received for articles made, 
$52,96; for calendars and inotios. $38.02;' dues, $28.27; balance from 
last year, $50.55; total, $169.80; paid out, $69; balance, $100.80. Offi- 
rcrs: President, Mary Witter; Secretary, the writer; Treasurer, 
Anna Herr.— Ella R. Wilhelm, Myerstown, Pa„ Jan. 10. 

NAMPA, IDAHO.— During 1921 we held 20 meetings, with an average 
attendance of 8. We quilted 3 quilts, tied 8 comforts, pieced 2 
quilt-tops, worked on autograph quilt and sewed carpet rags. Wc 
made 48 garments, which we donated to individuals and to the Red 
Cross. Our regular free-will offerings amounted to $13.73; wc gave 
to Aid Society foreign mission fund, $14; District dues, $1; bought 
carpet for the church and paid $10 on janitor's salary. Officers: 
Mrs. Rose Bradley, President; Mrs. H. H. Keim, Vice -President ; the 
writer, Secretary-Treasurer.— Julia M. Graybill, Nampa, Idaho, Jan. 9. 
NEWBERG. OREGON.-Jan. 5, 1922, a new organization was ef- 
fected and officers eleeted: President, Sister Sarah Van Dyke; Vice- 
President, Sister Lollie Wilsey; Secretary-Treasurer, Sister Eliza , 
J. Moore. Number enrolled, 13; number of meetings, 47; average 
attendance, 5. We made 23 quilts, 12 comforters, 27 coverings, be- 
sides doing other sewing and work. Wc swept and dusted the 
church each week, Balance on hand, at beginning of year, $18.73; 
received for work done and donations, $96.27; total, $115; money paid 
out W. F. M. F„ $10; cook-stove, $20; floor-brush, $4.75; for sink and 
plumbing, $43.86; cap goods, $11.50; Helping Hand Fund, $3; for ma- 
terial and incidentals, $20; balance, $3.45. Wc have on hand one 
quilt, one quilt top and material.— Eliza J. Moore, Newbcrg, Ore. Jan. 

NORTH LIBERTY, IND.— Report of Aid Society: We held 7 all- 
day and 6 half-day meetings, with an average attendance of 7; total 
enrollment. 11. Our work consisted of quilting, making comforts, 
bonnets, sewing by the day. We served 6 sale dinners from which 
wc received $93.09; collections, $17.88; for work done and garments 
sold, $32.27; carried over from last year, $132.54. We gave $150 for 
church building fund; sent Bethany Hospital, $12; O. F. Helm, $8; 
Forward Movement. $8; other expenses, $17.75; balance, $80.03. Wc 
sent 3 boxes of clothing to Near East Relief; one box of provisions 
to Hastings Street Mission, Chicago. Officers: Sarah Bowser, Pres- 
ident; Libby Hay, Vice-President; Anna Peterson, Secretary-Treas- 
urer.— Cora Beli. North Liberty, Ind., Jan. 10. 

PLEASANT VIEW, MD.-Report of Sisters' Aid Society: Number 
of active members, 13. We had 6 half-day and 10 all-day meetings, 
with an average attendance of 11. We made 62 prayer-coverings, 45 
dresses, 8 quilts, 2 comforters and 52 other garments. Wc had in 
the treasury, at beginning of year, $38.84; received for work done, 
fees, donations, collections, etc., $239.65; total, $278.49. We paid out 
$1 to District Secretary; for material, $14.65; for fruit, flowers, etc., 
$10.65; to China sufferers. $30; Bethany Hospital, $50; Annual Con- 
ference offering, $100; to China Hospital. $50; to India School, $50; 
Vacation Bible School, $20; total, $239.65; balance, $2.19. Wc had do- 
nated to our Society, material, clothing and $72 in money. Officers: 
President, Sister Ruth Aushernian; Treasurer, Sister Elsie Lewis; 
Secretary, the writer.- Mary G. Bowlus, Burkittsvillc, Md., Jan. 9. 

POLO, ILL^Wc organized an Aid Society Jan. 5, 1921. Wc held 
24 all-day meetings, with an average attendance of 12. Wc made 
quilts, comforts and garments, and donated sewing to needy fami- 
lies. We also held two provision sales. One day we cleaned the 
parsonage. The member b were taxed 25 cents per month. Total 
receipts for the year, including dues, sale of provisions and do- 
nations, $243.22. Expenditures: For two sewing machines, $13; work- 
table, $2.8S; materials, $79,96; two rugs for parsonage, $16; to Dis- 
trict Secretary, $1; far China Hospital, $25; total, $137.81; balance, 
$105.41. Officers: President. Sister Alice Stull; Vice-President, Sister 
Ruth Hcckman; the writer. Secretary-Treasurer.— Maud Powell, 
Polo, 111., Jan. 9. 

SOUTH ENGLISH, IOWA.~Our Sisters' Aid Society held twenty- 
three all-day meetings, with an average attendance of 7. Our work 
consisted of knotting comforters, quilting, making dresses, aprons, 
garments, bonnets, etc. We sewed for the needy at home, donating 
the material and the work. We sent a sack of clothing and 11 p»irs 
of shoes to the Douglas Park Mission, Chicago. We gave $100 to 
the Bethany Hospital; $25 to the Aid Society foreign mission fund; 
$1 to District expenses; bought a sewing-table for our Society. Wc 
had two apron sales which brought us $17; received $14.50 for selling 
comforters; amount of money received during the year, $154.17; in 
treasury at beginning of year, $90.58; net proceeds. $244.75; expendi- 
tures. $189.45; balance. $55.30. Officers: President, Mrs. Lizzie Flory; 
Vice-President, Mrs. Cora Wcngcr; Secretary-Treasurer, the writer. 
—Mrs. Sylvia Scngcr, South English, Iowa. 

TURKEY CREEK, IND.-Thc Aid Society held 12 all-day meetings, 
with an average attendance of 9. At present our membership is 18. 
Our work consisted of making comforts and prayer- coverings, 

aprons, rag rugs, etc. We sent one box of clothing, valued at $15, 
to Hastings Street Mission; $25 to other mission work; $5 for home 
work; receipts, $105. Officers: President, Addie Brown; Vice-Presi- 
dent, Martha Keck; Secretary-Treasurer, the writer.— Cora F. At- 
kison, Milford, Ind., Jan. 10. 

UNION CITY, IND.— Report of Sisters' Aid Society: We held 43 
all-day and 55 half-day meetings; average attendance, 5. Amount 
in treasury, Jan. 1. 1921, $138.64. We held one market. Wc quilted 
13 lancy quilts and 5 others, amounting to $132.90; sold two com- 
forters and gave one to a poor family and have one on hand. Amount 
received, $200.16; paid $234 toward support of our. pastor; District 
dues, $1; to China hospital and Girls' School. $10; Bethany Sanitari- 
um and hospital, $10; flowers for the sick, $1.75; miscellaneous ex- 
penses. $7.55; cash on hand, $79.41. Officers: Elizabeth Cook, Presi- 
dent; Addie Netfcley, Vice-President; the writer, Secretary -Treasurer. 
—Lottie Lewis, Union City, Ind., Jan. 9. 

Let 22 


UNITY, VA.-During the year the Societ 
average attendance of 14; average collection, 90 cents. We have as 
active members and a number of benevolent members. Some of our 
workers met with other Societies at the Orphanage and Old Folks' 
Home to sew. Receipts for the year: Amount in treasury, $5.96; 
collections, $19.95; for 84 coverings and goods sold, $54.76; two sale 
dinners, $63.18; other articles sold and work done, $81.03; total, 
$218.92. Expenditures, for material. $71.42; for work done at Bethel 
church, $19.20; helping the needy in home congregation, $14.94; for a 
needy minister, $4; Bethany Hospital. $10; to Orphanage, $12; to 
ministers' wives, $7.72; for the Aid Society foreign mission fund, $50; 
Distrct dues, $1; total, $210.48; balance, $8.44. We also gave a box 
to the Orphanage and sent several sunshine boxes and postcards to 
■ome of the sick. Officers: Sister Mollie Myers, President; Sister 
Laura Nair, Vice-President; Sister Bertha Spitzer, Secretary; Sis- 
ter Cdlie Rcid, Treasurer.— Mrs. Ethel R. Spitzer, Broadway, Va., 
Jan. 7. 

UPPER DUBLIN, PA.— Report of Aid Society: We held 11 meet- 
ings, with an average attendance of 14. Articles made: 16 prayer- 
coverings, 22 aprons, 14 garments, 18 holders, 4 stocking-bags, 7 
quilts. We received from sale of calendars, $19; vanilla, $13.20; bak- 
ing sale, offerings and a supper, $200; dues, $47.45; donations, $68,02; 
tolalr $407.19. Expenditures for material, $31.55; balance, $375.64; to 
home missions. $50; to foreign missions, $15; to famine sufferers in 
China, $5; fruit and flowers, $4.50; General Aid Society expense, $1; 
balance of $300.14 to be transferred to church building fund. Officers: 
President, Sister C. R. Davis; Vice-President, Sister F. S. Halter- 
man; Secretary, Sister T. F. Shoemaker; Treasurer, the writer.— 
Mrs. A. M. Brunner. North Wales. Pa.. Jan. 9. 

WEST EEL RIVER, IND.— Aid Society report: During the year 
12 all-day meetings were field, with an attendance of 111. We made 
51 garments, prayer-coverings, 1 quilt, 2 comforts, sewed carpet- 
rags'. A box of clothing was sent to the needy in Chicago; $5 to 
Delphi church; expenses, $27.24; money received for garments, sale 
of articles and one sale dinner, $62.70; offerings, $12.61; total, $75.31; 
carried over from 1920, $62.58; balance. $115.65. Officers: Sister Re- 
becca Montcl, President; Sister Alma Miller, Vice-President; the 
writer. Secretary-Treasurer.— Iva A. Rhoades, Claypool, Ind., Jan. 12. 

WEST NIMISHILLEN, OHIO.— The sisters organized an Aid So- 
ciety Feb. 2, 1921, with a membership of 9, which has now in- 
creased to 31. We had 23 all-day meetings, with an average at- 
tendance of 13. We made 10 comforts, 14 quilts and pieced several; 
made 20 prayer-coverings and 10 sun-bonnets and sewed several 
days for charity. Wc received $91.17 during the year; expended, 
$54.01; donated $10 to our elder's wife; sent a box of clothing to the 
needy of Akron; spent $9.70 for supplies; cash on hand, $18.08. Offi- 
cers: President, Amanda Surhey; Vice-President, Mahala Stoncr; 
Secretary-Treasurer, the writer.— Cevilla Myers, North Canton, Ohio, 
Jan. 6. 

WHITE COTTAGE, OHIO.— Report of Sisters' Aid Society of the 
Goshen church: We held 11 all-day meetings, with an average at- 
tendance of 8. Our work consisted of making aprons, bonnets, 
children's dresses, etc.— about 100 articles in all. We also knotted 
3 comforts and quilted one quilt. We sent 700 quilt squares and a 
box of Christmas gifts to the children in India. We spent one 
day sewing fc our pastor's family. We held one sale dinner at 
which we made $35; Easter egg offering, $7.85; birthday box, $8.16; 
wc gave $55 toward painting our church; $140 toward parsonage; 
$14.50 for lights for our church; on fiand, $60. Officers: President, 
the writer; Vice-President, Anna Slack; Treasurer, Vina Spring; 
Secretary, Clara Palmer.— Birdella Printz Thompson, White Cot- 
tage, Ohio, Jan. 11. 


Marriage notices should be accompanied by GO c 


Please note that the fifty cents required for the publication of a 
marriage notice may be applied to a three months " Gospel Mes- 
senger subscription for the newly-married couple. Request should 
be made when the notice is sent, and full address given. 

Armstrong- Williamson.— By the undersigned, at the home of the 
groom's parents, Dec. 24, 1921, Mr, Jay C. Armstrong and Miss Cor- 
nelia Williamson, both of Muncie, Ind.— Geo. L. Studebakcr, Muncie, 

Cave-Mentzer.— Bv the undersigned, in the Twenty-eighth Street 
Church of the Brethren, Altoona, Dec. 28, 1921, Brother David Frank- 
lin Cave, of Luray, Va., and Sister Elsie Mentzer, of Altoona, Pa.— 
B. F. Waltz, Altoona, Pa. 

Fisher-Wall.— By the undersigned, at the parsonage, Jan. 2, 1922, 
Mr. Leland H. Fisher, of Huntington, Ind., and Sister Nancy J. 
Wall, of Markle, Ind.— B. D. Kerlin, MarkU. Ind. 

Hoff-Bronson.— By the undersigned, at the parsonage, Dec. 24, 
1921, Byron B. Hoff, of Los Angeles, Calif., and Flossie Bronson, of 
Glendale, Calif.— J. S. Zimmerman, Long Beach, Calif. 

Hole-Kohler. — By the undersigned, at the parsonage, Dec. 31, 1921, 
Mr. Carl Hole and Sister Hazel Kohlcr, both of Muncie, Ind.— Geo. L. 
Studebaker, Muncie. Ind. 

Maxwell-Pettigrew.— By the undersigned, at the home of the bride's 
parents, Brother and Sister Alva Pettigrew, Dec. 24, 1921, Mr. 
Archie Maxwell and Sister Ella Pettigrew, both of Fortville, Ind.— E. 
O. Norris, Pendleton, Ind. 

Porter-Shank.— By the undersigned, at his home, Dec. 29, 1921, Mr. 
Jay A. Porter, of Dunlap, Calif., and Miss Mary E. Shank, of Dinuba. 
Calif.— D. F. Sink, Recdlcy, Calif.- 

Wagner-Holdren.— By the undersigned, at the home of the bride's 
parents. Brother and Sister C. M. Holdren, Dec. 25, 1921, Brother 
Orvis Wagner, of Outlook, Wash., and Sister Edith Holdren, of Yaki- 
ma, Wash.-Elmon Sutphin, Yakima, Wash. 


Ware-Klepper.— By Rev. Thos. Harris, Nov. 16, 1921. Mr. Carl Roy 
nd Sister Lulu Delia Klcppcr, at the home of the bride's 
ther, Mrs. L. C. Klcpper.— Mrs. L. C. Klepper, Athens, Tenn. 


" Blessed are the ■ 

which die In the Lord" 

Baker, Bro. Mahlon, died Jan. 1. 1922, at the Salisbury, Maryland, 
Hospital, aged 36 years. 3 months and 17 days. He leaves his wife, 
three children, father, four, brothers and two sisters. He was a 
faithful member of the Church of the Brethren for eleven years.— 
Clara Selders-, Farmington, Del. 

Burger. Daniel, born in Ohio. April 22, 1856. died Dec. 26, 1921, at 
his home near Wiley, of pneumonia. He married Martha W. Os- 
borne in 1880. There were seven children, all of whom remain with 
the wife. The family came to Colorado in 1905. He and his ..wife 
united with the Brethren Church thirty -four years ago. He was a 
charter member of this church and has served most-acccptably with 
his splendid Christian life and as deacon, trustee and member of the 
financial board. Services by the writer.— H. F. Richards, Wiley, 

Davis, Norma Margaret, born in Cleveland, Ohio, Feb. 6, 1918. 
died of heart trouble in Council fluffs, Iowa, Nov. 28, 1921. Service* 
by Eld. Leandcr Smith. Burial in Fairview cemetery.— Mary Smith, 
808 Avenue E, Council Bluffs, Iowa. 

Dick, Mrs. Rebecca Ann, daughter of Alfred and Frona Miller, died 
Dec. 30. 1921, aged 76 years, 4 months and 24 days. Almost her 
entire life was spent in Delaware County. Ind. At« an early age 
she married Geo. Dick, who was killed by an accident in May, 1909. 
There were ten daughters and two sons. She united with the Eden 
Christian church in 1868. In 1909 she and her husband united with 
the Methodist church, of which she was a member until death. She 
leaves two sons, two grandchildren, one brother and one sister 
Services in the Shidekr Methodist church by the writer, assisted by 
Rev. Stephenson, pastor. Interment in the Union cemetery.— Geo. 
L. Studebakcr. Muncie, Ind. 

Eltus, Adam, died Jan. 7, 1922, at the home of his daughter, at 
Summitville, aged 97 years, 9 months and 6 days. He was twice 
married. One son and two daughters survive, with ten grandchil 
dren and twelve great-grandchildren. He united with the Church 
of the Brethren about four years ago. Services at the home by 
Eld. W. L, Hatcher.— Zeunic Hatcher, Summitville, Ind. 

Hart, Benjamin Franklin, son of Jos. and Magdalene Hart, was 
born in Montgomery County, Ohio. He married Mary Anne Petry in 
1857. There were two sons and eight daughters. One daughter dicil 
in childhood and his wife ten years ago last September. There ar. 
also thirty-five grandchildren, twenty great-grandchildren and one 
sister. Forty-six years ago the family moved on the old home farm 
northeast of Union City, and in 1904 located in Union City. He 
united with the Church of the Brethren in 1857 and some years 
later was chosen to the office of deacon, serving with zeal and love 
until age and infirmities prohibited. After the death of his wife he 
lived with his children. He died Jan. 5, 1922, at the home of his 
daughter, Mrs. Mollie Onkst, aged 87 years, 2 months and 12 days. 
Services from the Brick church by the writer. Interment in the 
cemetery near by.— B. F. Sharp, Greenville, Ohio. 

Holsingcr, Daniel, died Dec. 16, 1921, aged 74 years, 4 months and -1 
days. He was twice married. His first wife, Elizabeth Foglc. did 
a number of years ago. His second wife, who was Sister Susann.-. 
Wainpler, preceded him about a year ago. He was a faithful mem 
bcr of the church for many years. He is survived by three sons and 
four daughters. Services by Bro. J. Carson Miller, assisted by Bro. 
I. W. Miller at the Linville Creek church. Interment in the near 
by cemetery. — Elizabeth Wakeman, Broadway, Va. 

Jenkins, Nancy Jane, daughter of Abraham and Nancy Groff, born 
in Cumberland County, Pa., died Jan. 8, 1922, aged 83 years, 10 
months and 8 days. At the age of twenty-one she united with the 
Church of the Brethren and has been a consistent member since 
In 1863 she married Emery C. Jenkins who preceded her four years 
ago. There were three sons. She leaves two sons, seven grand 
children, seven great-grandchildren, four brothers and one sister 
Services at North Star, Ohio, by the writer.— B. F. Sharp, Green 
ville, Ohio. 

Kriner, Sister Mary A., wife of Bro. Andrew B. Kriner, died at her 
home at Milnor, Pa., Dec. 31, 1921, after an illness of two weeks. 
aged 57 years, 1 month and 27 days. Sister Kriner was a loyal an. I 
faithful member of the Church of the Brethren for many years. Slu 
and her husband were earnest workers in the Sunday-school at the 
Shank arm of the Backcreek congregation. She leaves her husband, 
two sons and four daughters. Services at the Upton house by Elders 
John Wallcch and Albert Niswander. Interment in the Upton cem- 
etery.— J. D. Wilson, Greencastle, Pa. 

Lee, Mary, born at Rocky Mountain, Conn., Sept. 7, 1830, did! 
at the Christiau Home, in Council Bluffs, Iowjj, Jan. 8, 1922, <jt 
pneumonia and old age. She was a cousin of Oliver Wendell Holmer 
She was a member of the Church of God for more than forty year.s. 
and was much devoted to her religion. She leaves no relatives s'j 
far as she knew. She had passed her ninety-first mile-stone. Serv 
ices by Eld. Leander Smith. Interment in the Fairview cemetery.— 
Mary Smith, 808 Ave. E, Council Bluffs, Iowa. 

Lint/. Anna, born in Stark County, Ohio, died at the home of hei 
daughter, in Ney, Ohio, Jan. 5, 1922, aged 84 years, 8 months and 4 
days. In 1862 she married B. D. Lintz. There were two daughters. 
The husband and one daughter preceded her. In 1897 she unite' I 
with the Church of the Brethren and lived a very consistent life. 
She leaves one brother and one sister. Services at the Bethel 
church in Ney by the writer.— D. P. Koch, Montpclier, Ohio. 

Mallory, Sister Orlcna (nee Isenberg), born near Rogcrsville, Tenn., 
July 14, 1855. died at Siloam Springs, Ark., Nov. 18, 1921. Her hus 
band preceded her about two years ago. There were nine children, 
two having died in infancy. She leaves five sons, two daughters 
and a number of grandchildren. She united with the Church of 
the Brethren when young and remained faithful. She was afflicUJ 
and unable to walk for about seventeen years. Interment in the Ml. 
Pleasant cemetery— Mrs. Sarah Mallory, Mt. Morris, III. 

Milam, William, son of Benjamin and Susannah Milam, born in 
Preble County, Ohio, June 24, 1845. He was married to Mary Earl : . 
Sept. 3, 1868. To them were born two sons and four daughter- 
Two daughters and the two sons preceded him. Brother and Sis 
ter Milam accepted Christ in 1883, and united with the Church of 
the Brethren. Both lived noble Christian lives and exhibited ■> 
splendid spirit in adorning their profession. After the death of hi- 
wife, in 1901, he made his home with his daughter, Mrs. Ray Duk- 
gins, who did all she could to render his life cheerful and happy. 
On Thanksgiving Day he left his home to spend the winter in 
Florida. Just twelve days after his arrival he was stricken, and ai 
the end of a few hours of sickness he passed over to the " other 
shore" in the full hope of everlasting life, aged 76 years, 5 months 
and 13 days. Bro. Milam was of a genial disposition, a devote! 
husband, a loving father, a good neighbor, a true and upright citi- 
zen, and a loyal follower of the Lord Jesus Christ. He leaves two 
daughters, two sisters-in-law and three brothers-in-law. Servicer 
by the writer, assisted by Eld. Aaron Brubaker.— B. F. Petry, Eaton. 

Miller, Emma M., daughter of Mr. and Sister Uriah Miller, of Mil 
lers Station, Md., died Dec. 25, 1921, aged 15 years, 9 months and 5 
days. She was received into the church by baptism two weeks prior 
to her death. Services at the Black Rock house by Eld. E. S. Mil- 
ler. — E. E. Baugher, Lincboro, Md. 

Mishlcr, Elizabeth, born in Preble County, Ohio, May 5, 1839, died 
at her home near Huntington, Ind., Dec. 31, 1921. Aug. 23 she' fell. 
sustaining a broken hip. She had been ailing ever since. SIil 
united with the Church of the Brethren in early life and ever was 
a faithful member. Services at the Shock church. Burial in the ad- 
joining cemetery. — C. C. Kindy, Huntington, Ind. 

Neff, Sister Eva Etta, daughter of Brother and Sister Albert D. 
Miller, died of pneumonia, Jan. 7, 1922, aged 37 years, 10 months and 
28 days. Sister Neff united with the Church of the Brethren twenty . 
five years ago last November. She was always faithful in her 
Christian duties and will be greatly missed in the Goshen City 
church. She was the efficient chorister for the morning church serv 
ices at the time of her death. She married Bro. William Frank Ncrt 
Feb. 27, 1907. Having no children of their own, they loved and 
cared for two foster children, who survive with her husband, her 
parents, three sisters and two brothers. Services at the Goshen 
City church by the undersigned, assisted by Eld. William Hess. 
Text, 2 Tim. 1: 12b. Interment at Violet cemetery, Goshen.— T. E. 
George, Goshen, Ind. 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 28, 1922 


Oden, Ro>" F., died Jan. 4, 1922, aged 5 years, 2 months and 19 days. 
He was ill of diphtheria only four days. He was the ninth of ten 
hildren of Brother and Sister W. H. Oden, formerly of 'Roanoke, 
>r a —Gladys Jenninus, Richmond. Va. 

Petry, Annie, daughter of Frederick and Lavina Wehrlcy, bom near 
Eldorado, Ohio, died in Eaton, Ohio, Jan. 5. 1922, aged 68 years, 
, ^Hths and 22 days. She was a loyal member of the Church of the 
Brethren for about forty years. Dec. 13, 1S74, she was married to 
Geo H. Petry. Both entered into church fellowship in 18S6. Seven 

children came 

bless their home. The oldest child, a son, long 

since preceded the mother. Sister Petry and her husband lived at 
various times in the Price's Creek, the Brookvillc, the Sugar Hill 
and the Upper Twin congregations. Sister Petry had been in feeble 
health for some time, but she bore her suffering with Christian 
fortitude. She leaves her husband, five sons, one daughter, a step- 
mother, one sister, two half-sisters, five brothers and one half- 
brother. Services in the Old Price's Creek church by the writer, as- 
sisted by the brethren.— B. F. Petry. Eaton. Ohio. 

Ronk, Martha Ann, daughter of Samuel and Ruth Ronk, born in 
I'utnam County, Ind., died Nov. 4, 1921, aged 94 years, 8 months and 
i> days She united with the church early in life and remained 
f 3 itlHul to the end. In June, 1913, she entered the Old Folks' Home, 
near Marshalltown. One grandson, one brother and several great- 
grandchildren survive. Services at the Home by Bro. F. M. Wheeler. 
— ^usie Kinzic, Marshalltowu. Iowa. 

Rose, Bro. David, born Dec. 12, 1844, died at his home in Warren 
Township, Ind., Jan. 1, 1922._ He married Miss Mary Frame in 1871. 
They celebrated their golden anniversary in the spring of 1921. He 
was a faithful member of the Church of the Brethren for fifty-two 
years. He is survived by his wife and two sons. Services at the 
home by Brethren Daniel and Merle Whitmer. Burial in the Portage 
Prairie cemetery.— Blanche Butler, Buchanan, Mich. 

Shelly, Sister Susan B., died Jan. 2, 1922, at her- home Hear Le- 
master, Pa., aged 75 years, 2 months and 5 days. Her husband pre- 
ceded her about twenty years ago. She was a very unassuming 
jud loyal member of the church. Burial in the Upton cemetery. 
Services by Elders D. A. Foust and Albert Niswander.— J." D. Wil- 
son, Creencastle, Pa. 

Shook, Sister Caroline, only daughter of Baltzer and Fannie Witter, 
born in Carroll County, Ind., died Jan. 3, 1922, aged 66 years, 8 
months and 8 days. In 1872 she married John David Shook, who s 

and three brothei 

vives with one adopted daughti 
with the Church of the Brethrei 
Christian life. She enjoyed rcligiou; 
devoted to the church and il 
thurch chorister for many ye 
in the deacon's office. Servii 
H. Pyle. Interment in the R 
J. F. Burton, Greene, Iowa; 

Spitzer, Mary Elizabeth, wife of Causmus Spitzer, died Dec. 28, 
\92), aged 70 years, 3 months and 18 days. Her husband preceded 
her many years ago. She is survived by four sons and one daughter. 
She was a member of the church for many years. Services by Bro. 
C. £. Nair, assisted by Bro. W. A. Myers, at the Bethel church. In- 
terment near her home.— Elizabeth Wakeman, Broadway, Va. 

1871 and has 

She also serv 
by the writer, 
Hill cemetery, 

lived a consistent 
was faithful and 
a the capacity of 
with her husband 
isted-by Eld. W. 
ir Greene, Iowa.— 

Weist, Sister Rebecca, died in the bounds 
fregation, at her home at Schoeneck, Pa., 
years, 11 months and 26 days. She was born 
there all her life. She is survived by or 
years ago she united with the church and i 
bcr. Services at the Steinmctz meetinghous 
iers. Interment in adjoining cemetery. — Aar 


f the Springviilc con- 
Occ. 29, 1921, aged 76 
it Schoeneck and lived 
: sister. Twenty -five 
as a consistent mem- 
by the home minis- 
ii R. Gibbcl, Ephrata, 

in, Clinton Amos, born Feb. 22, 1859, died Jan. 9, 1922, aged 
62 years, 10 months and 17 days. He was the youngest of a family of 
ten children, three of whom are still living. One is Eld. Columbus 
j. Workman, of Buckeye City. His father was Solomon Workman 
. "d his mother, Mary Ann Banbury Workman. He is also survived 
by his wife, Elizabeth Harper Workman, one son and a daughter. 
He united with the Church of the Brethren in 1886 and was elected 
to the office of deacon in 1903, serving faithfully until death. He ' 
suffered intensely during his long illness, yet he fought a brave 
fight with wonderfully calm and patient endurance. He was sick 
about eighteen months with lymphatic lukemia. He spent his en- 
tire life on the farm in Knox County, Ohio, where he was born. Serv- 
ices from the Danville church by Elders Edw. Shcpfcr and G. S. 
6trausbaugh. Interment in the North Bend cemetery.— C. J. Work- 
man, Buckeye City, Ohio. 

Wolverton, Chas. F., died Dec. 10, 1921, aged 73 years, 1 month and 
4 days. He became a member of the Church of the Brethren in 1893. 
His wife, Caroline Wolverton, preceded him two years ago. He 
liaves five daughters and two sons. Services hy Eld. H. R. Mowry 
at the Columbia Furnace church. Interment in the cemetery near 
by— M. H. Copp, Maurertown, Va. 

Yc-unce, Lafayette, son of Joseph and Sarah Younce, grandson of 
Eld. John U. Studebaker, born near Eaton, Ind., died at the home of 
bis sister in Indianapolis, Ind., Dec. 26, 1921, aged SO years, 6 months 
and 17 days. He had been in declining health for the last- six 
months. Prior to his death he made confession of Christ as his 
Savior. He leaves two sisters. Services by the writer in the Chris- 
• i;in church in Eaton. Interment in the Union cemetery.— Geo. L. 
Studebaker, Muncic, Ind. 

The Church of the Brethren 

Formerly Called Dun Iters 

1. It firmly accepts and teaches the fundamental evangelical 
doctrines of the inspiration of the Word of God, the deity of 
Christ, the personality of the Holy Spirit, the sin-pardoning 
yalne of the atonement, the personal and visible return of our 
5'ffl TO d the rcsurrection both of the J" st and U"J" st CJo hn 

2- It observes the following New Testament sacraments: 
Baptism of penitent believers by trine immersion for the re- 
mission of sins (Matt. 28: 19; Acts 2: 38); feet-washing (John 
13: 1-20; 1 Tim. 5: 10); love feast (Luke 22: 20; John 13: 4; 1 
Cor. 11; 17.34. j ua - e U ); communion (Matt. 26: 26-30); the 
Christian salutation (Rom. 16: 16; Acts 20: 37); proper ap- 
pearance in worship (1 Cor. 11: 2-16); the anointing for heal- 
!"E m the name of the Lord (James 5: 13-18: Mark 6: 
13); laying on of hands (Acts 8: 17; 19: 6; 1 Tim. 4: 14). These 
sacraments are representative of spiritual facts which obtain 
in the lives of true believers, and as such arc helps in the 
development of the Christian life. 

3. It emphasizes daily devotion for the individual and daily 
tamily altars (or the home (Eph. 6: 18-20; Philpp. 4: 8, 9); 
stewardship of time, talents and money (Matt. 25: 14-30); 
taking care of the fatherless, widows, poor, sick and aged 

4. It opposes on Scriptural grounds: War and the taking of 
buman life (Matt. 5: 21-26, 43, 44; Rom. 12: 19-21; Isa. 53: 7-12); 
intemperance in all things (Titus 2: 2; Gal. 5: 22-26; . Eph. 5: 
' M : violence in industrial controversy (Matt. 7: 12; Rom. 13: 
«-'U); going to law especially against our Christian brethren 
U Lor. 6: ]-9); divorce and remarriage except for the one 
^cnpturai reason (Matt. 19: 9); swearing with uplifted hand 
(.Matt 5: 33-37; James 5: 12); membership in secret oath-bound 
societies (2 Cor. 6: 14-18); games of chance and sinful amuse- 
ments (1 Thess. 5: 22; 1 Peter 2: 11; Rom. 12: 17); extravagant 
and immodest dress (1 Tim 2: 8-10; 1 Peter 3: 1-6). 

I I* labors earnestly for the conversion of the world to' 
traVt st ' and for - the realization of his ideals in the Chris- 

Iracts explaining these doctrines sent free upon request. 

A Minister'sTools 

A tool enables a person to do better and 
more expeditiously the task at hand. A min~ 
ister's duty is to present truth to his congre- 
gation, Tis true he might get it first hand from 
nature and revelation but at what a cost! The 
workman in industry willingly accepts tools to 
do his work. The minister who would use his 
time efficiently must have the help which such 
works as those listed here can give him. 


By Robert Young, D. D. 

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THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 28, 1922 



Official. Organ of the Church of the Brethren 
Published weekly by Brethren Publishing House, R. E. Arnold, Gen- 
eral Manager, 16 to 24 S. State St., Elgin, III., at S2.00 per annum, in 
advance. (Canada subscriptions fifty cents extra.) 


Aailatint Editor 

Entered at the Poatofflce nt Elgin. III., ns Sccond-rlnss Matter. 
Acceptance for mailing at special rate of postage provided for In 
B«ctlon 1103, Act of October 3, 1017, authorized August 20, ltim 

Notes From Our Correspondents 

(Coniinucd from Page 61) 

honor and praise to our Father above, who bath showed forth 
his wonder-working power.— R. D. Cook. Dillsburg, Pa., Jan. 10. 

Meyer»r)alc church met in council Jan. 2, with Bro. T. R. Coff- 
mnn presiding. Church officers were elected for the coming year: 
Bro. Coffman, pastor for three years; Sister CofTman, "Messenger" 
agent. The chairmen of the different committers gave good re- 
ports. The offerings amounted to $2,498.72 for missions, temperance, 
Bible School, etc. This, however, is not a full report. On Christ- 
mas evening our Sunday-school rendered a fine program, which 
was very much appreciated. The offering amounted to $35.19 for 
the Near East Relief. Our church also sent a box of clothing. We 
organized a Junior Christian Workers' Society, and a Mission 
Study Class, Our Teacher-training Class has finished the three- 
year course and will have commencement exercises this month. 
They will then take up the seal course. Since our last report 
one has been added to the church by baptism. Our Sunday-school 
reorganized and elected officers for the different departments, 
with Bro. Wm. Shoemaker, superintendent of the main school. 
The Sunday-school gave to the building fund $1,000; to the support 
of an orphan in France, $20; for orphans in India, $60. Dec. 25 
a very impressive installation service was held for the officers of 
the Sunday-school. This is the week of union prayer services. 
The various churches arc filled to overflowing each evening and 
powerful sermons are being preaohed.— Mrs. Theo Bittncr, Meyers- 
dale, Pa., Jan. 11. 

Mt. Joy church met in council Dec. 31, with Eld. R. T. Hull pre- 
siding. Officers and committees were elected, including pastoral and 
finance. Bro. L, R. Fox was elected church clerk; Sister Sara 
Neiderhciscr, "Messenger" correspondent. Our Sunday-schools ape 
progressing very nicely. Bro. C. M. Mctz was reelected superin- 
tendent of the Mt. Joy school, and Bro. Alfred Berg for the mission 
in Mt. Pleasant. The mission has been moved from the rooms on 
East Main Street to Shupe Street. Our pastor has handed in his 
resignation to take effect May I.— Mrs. L. R. Fox, Mt. Pleasant, Pa., 
Jan. 16, 

New Fair-view church met in council Jan. 9. Elders C. L. Baker and 
Daniel Bowser were with us as a commitlee for ordination and 
elections. Bro, Michael Markcy was ordained as elder; Clayton F. 
W««vcr was elected to the ministry, and Brethren Harry Markey 
and Howard Miller were elected to the office of deacon. Officers for 
the Sunday-school for the ensuing year were elected. A spirit of 
cbarjty av<\ close fellowship prevailed, auguring well for the future 
ol this new congregation.— L. E. Chronister, York, Pa., Jan. 14. 

Palmyra Sunday-school rendered a pleasing program on Saturday 
evening. Dec. 24. The program consisted of recitations and songs by 
the children, and several quartettes, Bro. Frank Carper then de- 
livered an appropriate address. After the meeting the children were 
presented with a Christmas treat. The house was well filled. The 
church decided to send our three home ministers to the Bible term 
at Elizabeibtown, Pa. The church also decided to lift an offering 
for the suffering in Russia, and the needy in Philadelphia, Pa.— 
Elizabeth A. Blauch, Palmyra, Pa. Jan. 10. 

Raven Run church met in council Jan. 7, with Eld. S. I. Brum- 
baugh presiding. Bro, Brumbaugh was elected elder for another 
year, Sunday-school officers also were chosen, with Bro. Andy Ed- 
wards, superintendent. Christian Workers' officers were elected, 
with Bro. Fred Hoover, president.— Sadie Reed, Saxton, Pa., Jan. 12. 

Roxbury.— Our Sunday-school had a successful year. We reor- 
ganized with Bro. J. P. Coleman, superintendent. Our aim for 
1922 is a total enrollment of 750. Our Christmas cantata, "The 
Shepherd King," was given to a lull house Dec. 22. The children 
rendered a good program on Christmas evening. We had our first 
watch meeting Dec. 31. Quite a large number of members had 
gathered. Plans were discussed and prayers offered for the success of 
the work during the year. The church met in council Jan. 2. The 
trustees presented the final papers on the incorporation of our 
church. All treasurers' reports were encouraging, showing sub- 
stantial balances. The small remaining parsonage debt was can- 
celed. A building fund was started with $600. Officers were elected 
as follows: Jerome E. Blough elder and correspondent; J. P. Cole- 
man, clerk; R. N. Hayncs, missionary secretary and trustee; C* C. 
Weaver, Temperance Committee; Sister Lottie Haynes, Missionary 
Committee; Sister Daisy Gilbert. Child Rescue Committee. Dele- 
gates to the coming District Meeting are Brother and Sister E. M. 
Detwilcr, J. P. Coleman and Jerome E. Blough. Jan. 1 the Men's 
Glee Club of Juniata College rendered a splendid program in our 
church to a full and appreciative house. Jan. 8 Eld. E. M. Det- 
wiler was reelected pastor for another term of three years.— Jerome 
E. Blough, Johnstown, Pa., Jan. 11. 

Scalp Level congregation has been divided into two congrega- 
tions: Scalp Level and Windber. It was decided that each church 
support its own pastor. Bro. H. D. Jones has been serving both 
congregations as pastor since the resignation of Bro. H. S. Replo- 
gle in November and will continue till March. Scalp Lever church 
met in council Jan 2 with Bro. H. D. Jones presiding. Bro. Lewis 
Knepper, of Berlin, Pa., was elected pastor of the Scalp Level 
church and will take up the work in April.— Mrs. James Price, Scalp 
Level, Pa.. Jan. 16. 

Somerset church met in council, with Bro. J. H. Cassady presid- 
ing. All church officers for the coming year were elected-: C. G. 
Hesse, pastor; J. H. Cassady, elder; Wm. P. Speichcr, superintendent 
of the Sunday-school. Bro. Hesse presented a program for the year, 
which was accepted by the church. THc reports for the year were all 
very encouraging. Jan. 3 our pastor preached the installation ser- 
mon, to all officers and teachers. It was a wonderfullv impressive 
service. Dec. 11 we observed Loyalty Day; Nov. TS. Cradle Roll Day- 
Nov. 20, Home Department Day; Oct. 16, Rally Day, when the 
pageant, "Camp Rally." was given. Our attendance is good at all 
church services and the Sunday-school is progressing in a very en- 
couraging way. A splendid Christmas program was given by the 
Sunday-school on Dec. 23.-Mrs. E. D. Walker, Somerset, Pa., Jan. 12. 

Stonerstown.-We met in council Dec. 17 and elected new church 
and Sunday-school officers. Through auditing of accounts, we found 
that for all purposes $2,018.36 was raised during 1921 It «ame from 
chureh, Sunday-school, Christian Workers, Ladies' Aid, building 
fund and Forward Movement. We are starting nicely for the new 
year with a large Cradle Roll and Home Department, and good 
Sunday-school attendance— Roy X. Wilson, Saxton. Pa.. Jan. 17. 

Windber.— The Scalp Level congregation recently decided to di- 
vide, and the two parts arc now known, respectively, as the Wind- 
ber and Scalp Level congregations. The Windber congregation met in 
council Dec. 20 to elect officers. Bro. A. J. Bceghlcy, of Rummel 
was chosen elder. On Christmas Sunday three new members were 
added to the chureh through baptism. We arc now trying to se- 
cure a pastor as Bro. Jones, who is acting as pastor for hoth con- 
gregates, will soon be leaving U8 . Bro. Jones can give us but ,one 
sermon each Sunday. At other times the pulpit is being supplied 
by various min.sters from near by congregations-Mrs. C E Rcn- 
logle, Windber, Pa., Jan, 17. 

Pleasant Valley church met in council Dec. 31, with Eld. P. D. 
Reed presiding. Bro. Daniel Bowman was also present and gave us 
an excellent sermon. After the usual business, an election was 
held. Bro. John E. Bacon was chosen deacon and Bro. J. Elmer See- 
horn was called to the ministry. Both were duly installed. Bro. 
Reed preached for us on New Year's Day.— Bessie L. Scchorii, Jones- 
boro, Tcnn., Jan. 13. 

Brick.— During the Sunday school hour, on Christmas Day, wc 
enjoyed the ever-interesting story of the event which makes the day 
sacred. Following this. Eld, J. Bunyati Peters gave an inspiring 
Christmas message from John 3: 16. Special music was an inter- 
esting feature of the service. Dec. 31 wc met for church council. 
Eld. G. B. Flora gave the opening address, after which Eld. J. B. 
Peters served as moderator. Bro. T. W. Fisher is superintendent 
of the Sunday- school. We considered the advisability of trying to 
secure the services of one of our home ministers, to give his entire 
time to pastoral and ministerial work in the hounds of the German- 
town congregation. The matter was deferred until the next meet- 
ing.— Edith E. Peters, Wirtz, Va., Jan. 22. 

Buena Vista.— Our church met in council Nov. 26, with Eld. A. S. 
Thomas presiding. Church and Sunday-school officers were elected 
for the coming year: Bro., Gernic Chittum, church clerk; Bro. 
Claude Wtlmer. "Messenger" agent; Sister Ruth Gilbert, corre- 
spondent; Brethren C. E. Hcnson and Robert Figgers, Sunday- 
school superintendents. Four letters were granted. Six have been 
received by baptism, at intervals, since July. Dec. 24 our Sun- 
day-school rendered a Christmas program to a full house. The 
little folks, as well as the older ones, gave their parts well.— M. 
Thelma Humphreys, Buena Vista, Va.. Jan. 13. 

Greaamount church met in council Dec. 31, with Eld. J. W. Wampler 
presiding. Two letters were granted. Bro. A. B. Miller gave us some 
helpful suggestions. The superintendents of the different Sun- 
day-schools in the congregation were elected as follows: Bro. Eagle, 
for Fairview; Bro. J. Galen Wampler, Melrose; Bro. Ira Clinc. Mt. 
Zion; Bro.'D. R. Miller. Bethany. Bro. J. W. Myers had been 
elected for Grecnmount at a'former meeting. Bro. D. C. Myers was 
chosen president of the Christian Workers' Society. On Christmas 
Day the Sunday- school rendered a program which was much en- 
joyed. Bro. S. D. Zigler gave us a very interesting address.— An- 
nie Miller, Harrisonburg Va., Jan. 16. 

Manassas church met in council Dec. 31. with Eld. E. E. Blough 
presiding. Several letters were granted. Bro. M. J. Hottlc was re- 
elected Sunday-school superintendent; Sister Nora Harley, president 
of Christian Workers' Society. On Christmas Day the Junior and 
Intermediate Departments of the Sunday-school rendered an ex- 
cellent program. An offering for the Near East Relief was taken. 
It was unanimously decided to start a Bible Reading campaign.— 
Mrs. Alice C. Blough, Manassas, Va., Jan. 12. 

Midland church met in council Dec. 3, with Eld. I. M. Neff pre- 
siding. Visiting elders were M. G. Early and J. M. Kline. Five 
letters were received. Sunday-school officers were elected for the 
coming year as follows: Midland. Brethren J. M. Kline and W. A. 
Andes; Mt. Hcrmon, Brethren Carl Miller and D. J. Myers. The 
writer was elected " Messenger " correspondent. Midland Sunday- 
school sent its birthday offering to the Russian Relief Fund. An 
offering was taken on Thanksgiving Day for the Emergency Fund. 
We are taking care of an afflicted brother and his wife. Over $100 
has been contributed for this purpose already during the past year.— 
Eva Hinegardner, Midland, Va., Jan. 12. 

Pleasant Valley (Second District).— Dec. 31 our church met in 
council, with Eld. S. D. Miller presiding. Bro. L. M. Wright was 
elected superintendent of our Sunday-school, with Bro. W. E. 
Driver, assistant.— Mrs. M. C. Williams, Mt. Sidney, Va., Jan. 12. 

Unity congregation met in council at the Bethel house Jan. 7, 
with Bro. C. E. Nair presiding. Two letters were received. There 
are 258 members in our congregation— a gain of seventeen over last 
year. Our treasurer reported a deficit of about ?100, which was 
raised by volunteer subscription before the close of the meeting. 
Brethren J. S. Roller and W. A. Myers were elected delegates to 
Annual Meeting, and Brethren Frank Reid, D. F. Roller and C. E. 
Nair to District Meeting. Sister Anna Roller. Timberville, Va., 
was appointed to receive subscriptions to our church paper, " The 
Unity Herald." Brother and Sister I. S. Long, returned mission- 
aries from India, were with us over the second Sunday of January, 
and gave us' three interesting programs. Their presence was much 
appreciated, and we were glad to learn more of their methods of 
work in India.— Nina Huffman. Timberville, Va., Jan. 11. 

White Hill church met in council Jan. S, with Eld. C. B. Smith 
presiding. Bro. Frank Harris is church clerk; Sister Mary Chand- 
ler, Sunday-school superintendent. During the past year, Bro. H. 
K. Ober gave us a fine lecture on the subject, " Orange Blossoms." 
Bro. I. H. N. Beahm gave a talk on Egypt; Brother and Sister I. 
S. Long, of India, told us of the customs and religions in India. The 
brethren have put a nice new metal roof on our churchhouse. We 
still have Bro. S. I. Flory and wife with us. While Bro. Flory was 
not physically able to have charge of the work here, the four 
brethren of the Mt. Vernon congregation— J. R. Kindig, E. M. 
Powell, U. S. Campbell and E. D. Kindig— have taken a Sunday in 
each month to preach for us. We had our Christmas program and 
treat Dec. 26.— Mary E. Hall, Mint Spring, Va., Jan. 12. 

Salem.— We met in our first annual council for the New Year Jan. 
7, with Eld. Jeremiah Thomas presiding. The following church offi- 
cers were elected: Bro. Scott Thomas, clerk; Eld. Jeremiah Thomas, 
" Messenger " agent; the writer, church correspondent. The fol- 
lowing committees were reappointed: Child Rescue, Missionary, 
Temperance and Sunday-school. A series of meetings is to be held 
sometime in August. Our elder is to procure an evangelist. Other 
meetings are to be held at different points in the congregation. Our 
Sunday-school was reorganized Jan. 1 and is in a thriving and 
prosperous condition.— Ida D. Wilson, Brandonville, W. Va., Jan. 12. 

Wade Chape].— Our meetings closed Dec, 31. Our pastor, Bro. A. 
S. Cool, preached some very inspiring sermons, which made us all 
stronger in the faith. One was reclaimed and others are interested. 
We held our love feast Jan. 1, with sixteen communing. We reor 
ganized our Sunday-school. The attendance has not been so good 
owing to weather conditions. We also have a Christian Workers' 
Meeting, in which much interest is manifested; also a prayer meet- 
ing. Wc feel much encouraged since Bro. Cool came to us, as we 
had no regular pastor before.— Dawson R. Wade. Littleton, W. Va.. 
Jan, 18. 

Stanley.— Dec. 26 and 27 we were benefited by having with us 
Prof. W. Arthur Cable, of Mt. Morris College. The first evening 
we were recipients of his good message, " What Is That in Thy 
Hand?" The second evening he gave us a stereopticon lecture 
on education and the college. Dec. 30 there was another social 
gathering at the parsonage. This time, however, it was planned by 
the parishioners and friends themselves, and to the pastor and wife 
it was an agreeable surprise. Fifty-seven gathered, and each fam- 
ily presented a package. The enjoyable occasion not only added 
to the contents of the pastor's pantry, but it gave warmth all around 
for the work of the new year. The members and many others 
are recipients of calendars, designed with pictures of a local na- 
ture. An individual communion outfit is a gift to the church by 
Brother and Sister O. W. Henderson A fund has been started 
to purchase an outdoor bulletin board. It will enable us to reach 
a great many people with our announcements and with select- 
ed portions of Scripture. Our church is already publicly located, 
b*t in the spring, by reason of a change in roadways, we will have 
the additional advantage of being on the Yellowstone Trail.— Ralph 
G. Ranck, Stanley, Wis., Jan. 10. 


A Superintendent and Matron for the Orphans' 
Home, Timberville, Va. Services to begin March 
1st, 1922. Reasonable compensation for the right 
persons. Address communications to P. S. 
Thomas, Secretary, Harrisonburg, Virginia. 

Study With System 

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E. S. Young, Pres. 

Room 3. C l,-i rem on t, California. 


By Eld. Jas. A. Sell 

On the morning of April 24, 1856, Joseph and 
George Cox, aged respectively 5 and 7 years, 
wandered from their home in the mountains of 
Western Pennsylvania. 

Thousands of men, women and children 
searched for the boys, until on the fourteenth 
day their whereabouts was made known through 
the dream of Jacob Dibert. 

Eld. Sell, who conducted Memorial services 
on the Fiftieth Anniversary of the occasion, 
tells the story in all its details. The illustrations 
consist of five portraits: Mr. and Mrs. Cox, 
Jacob Dibert, Harrison Wysong and the Author. 

A sad but true story of life in the mountains. 
Intensely interesting and instructive. 

Price, postpaid, 10 cents. 

Elgin, III. 


By Charles Foster 

A Child's Life of Christ, printed in short, 
easy words. The language is so simple as to be 
easily understood by any child. The pictured 
illustrate the most important scenes. The events 
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but the details of each event are placed in their 
proper order, thus making one full, complete 
and interesting account of the Life of the 

The value of this book to those who wish 
to instruct the young in the truths of the Bible 
can scarcely be overestimated. Its very general 
use, and the sale of more than 180,000 copies is 
proof of its merit and popularity. Bound in fine 
cloth, stamped in gilt and colors; with orna- 
mental design. One hundred and fifty illus- 
trations. 366 pages. 

Price, postpaid, $1.25. 

Elgin, 111. 


Servants of the Master 

By Oma Karn 

A book full of the Missionary spirit as por- 
trayed in the lives of two girls. One is Ameri- 
can, the other Chinese. They are apparently 
about the same age, each having her own trials, 
difficulties and struggles, peculiar to her en- 
vironments. Each comes to the point of making 
a resolution to do the apparently impossible, 
and in each case the desired end is accomplished. 
Each has a severe testing, and both, through 
faith in God, come out victorious. 

The story is intensely interesting, one that will 
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people; and it will be of especial value to par- 
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ers with a desire to become Missionaries, or -to 
support those who are willing to take up the 
work, and to strengthen the aspirations of those 
who have heeded the call. 

The importance of doing first things first is 
vividly shown. Home and foreign Missionary 
Work are emphasized with equal force. The 
imperative need of the proper and early teach- 
ing of children concerning Missionary work is 
made clearly apparent. 

It is a book for the family, for the Sunday- 
school, for the Mission class. 95 pages bound in 
cloth. Price, 35c per copy. 

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The Gospel Messenger 

"This Gospel or the Kingdom ihall bo preached 
in the whole world."— Matt. 24: 14. 

' THY KINGDOM COME "— M.... 6: io : Lk, 

" Till we all attain unto ... the stature of the 
fullness of Christ. "-Eph. 4: 13. 


Elgin, III., February 4, 1922 

No. 5 

In This Number 


Building the Temple of God.— 1, 65 

If God Would Publish His 65 

In Times of Spiritual Depression 65 

" With Respect of Persons" 65 

Among" the Churches, 72 

Around the World 73 

The Quiet Hour 74 

The Forward Movement — 

Why the Emergency Fund? 69 

Twentieth Century Home-Life, 69 

Sentences From the Foreign Missions Conference ,69 

Contributors' Forum— 

At Eventide (PoemJ 66 

Impressions of the Home Missions Council. By M. Clyde 

Horst 66 

The Annual Visit. By Ezra Flory 66 

The Church Visit— Its Use and Abuse. By I. W. Taylor 66 

The Status of Young People's Societies. By C. H. Shambergcr..67 

College President Thoughts. By Wilbur Stover 67 

Snap-shots of Paul the Apostle— 3. By Jno. S. Flory 68 

What's the Matter With the Church of the Brethren? By 

Sadie Price Whisler 68 

Annual Meeting Queries, 74 

The Round Table — 
One Way of Tes 
Elijah and Baal. 
Committing Sin. 
Spiritual Growth 
Silly Sam's Message. 
Pointed Paragraphs. 

Home and Family — 

Winter Days (Poem). By Clara C. Garry 
Davie's Mother. By Maude C. Jones 

ting. By Rebecca C. Foutz 

By Wm, P. Wertz 

By Edyth Hillcry Hay, 

. By Olive A. Smith 

age. By Mary Prentice Wilson, 
By Agnes M. Geib, ...;,.. 


Building the Temple of God 

4. The Superstructure — the Material 

Perhaps it is time to look at our text again, if we 
may call it that — those fine words of Paul which 
started these reflections on their somewhat devious 
way : "In whom ye also are builded together for a 
habitation of God in the Spirit." So far we have 
not been able to get past the " in whom." But im- 
portant as the foundation is, it takes more than that 
to make a building. And this Paul recognized when 
he said " ye also." 

The " also " looks directly back to the fact that " the 
commonwealth of Israel " had already been partakers 
of " the covenants of the promise." Now' the Gen- 
tiles were to share this privilege. The " middle wall 
of partition " between them had been broken down. 
Not Jews only but otirer nations, too, were to be built 
into God's temple. 

This " ye also " has here, as a part of its general 
reference to the Gentile world, a more local connota- 
tion. Paul was addressing the Christians of Ephesus. 
They were some of these Gentiles, to whom the door 
of heavenly fellowship was now swinging open. 
" Ye also," then, meant " ye Ephesians also." They, 
these very people to whom these words were sent, 
were going into this great temple structure. Wasn't 
that a wonderful thing to contemplate, for an Ephe- 

But if Ephesians, as one little section of the Gentile 
world, why not, by implication, Americans? And 
Australians, Chinese,- Africans, and what not? Sure 
enough! Why not? There is no answer. And now 
we remember that Jesus said : " All the nations." So 
that settles it. 

The superstructure of this temple is made of folks, 
just plain human beings of every tribe and nation 
under heaven. Actually, at any given stage in the 
process, it consists of those who have already been 
built into it. Ideally, it consists of all mankind. No- 
body, in the divine intention, is excluded. 

The deeper implication of this " ye also " is now 
apparent. God needs men for the accomplishment of 
h's purpose. This magnificent dwelling-place, which 
be has undertaken to build, can not be built without 

them. He has provided a good foundation, broad and 
substantial, but of what use will this be without the 
temple proper? A foundation is no end in itself. 
It exists solely for the building which may be placed 
upon it. What a disappointing picture is that of a 
well-laid foundation, left to stand indefinitely in dis- 
use ! A monument to somebody's folly or u constant 
advertisement of disaster! 

The supreme importance of having' the right foun- 
dation to build on can hardly be stressed too much, 
but it will avail nothing unless we actually do build on 
it. Say it again and several times more. The foun- 
dation exists for the sake of the superstructure. And 
that must be made of human stuff. There's nothing 
else to make it of. Glorify the solid rock foundation 
as we properly do, there can be no greater folly than 
to give ourselves exclusively to this, to the neglect of 
attention to the building planned for it. It takes people 
for this, Jews, Gentiles, Ephesians, Americans, " all 
the nations." 

The foundation is the part that's already finished. 
Do you get that? Does it sink in, away down deep? 
There's no occasion for anxiety on our part about that. 
It's the temple itself that is still in process of con- 
struction. That's where we come in. That's the 
proper object of our chief concern. That's the un- 
finished part. Not what is done, but what remains 
undone, is the thing to get stirred up over. And do 
you realize how much that is? Do you take in the 
full proportions of that " ye also " ? 

It is a good thing to think often of man's compara- 
tive insignificance, of the limitations of his wisdom 

hasn't he done it already to the satisfaction, or disap- 
pointment, of any observant eye? Or did you never 
look? Are you afraid your name might be on it? 

In Times of Spiritual Depression 

Here is a paragraph from an article in one of the 
popular magazines that is suggestive of a wider appli- 
cation than the writer had iq mind. Speaking of the 
difference between young men in business and older 
men, he says : 

"The young man has more courage; the older man is 
sometimes overcautious. But in a time of depression the 
young man loses courage more quickly than an older man 
does. The young fellow has never before seen a slump 
"i business and he thinks everything is going to smash. 
UlC older man remembers other business panics, even 
though he may not have been in business for himself 
at the time. He knows that things cleared up after 
while. So he settles dov, 
things to improve." 

own to sit tight and to wait for 

Those words are full of spiritual as well as busi- 
ness wisdom. When others are flying off the handle 
in wails of despair, just "sit tight" in quiet con- 
fidence. But don't sit so tight you can't get up. Keep 
your eye open for every chance to help " things to 
improve." __ _^____ 

" With Respect of Persons " 

A brother writes us that a poor man's church is 
needed in his community. The congregation in which 
he lives is a prosperous one and is noted for its liber- 
ality in supporting the church activities. But the 
caste lines, according to this brother, are too sharply 

and strength, but it is a very bad thing to forget that drawn. The poor member, he says, does not get the 
human beings are the finest product of God's creation, same consideration, or even have the same chance of 
that he counts them fit to make his temple out of them, fair treatment, as the one with "standing " and money 

and that he is banking on their cooperation in the ac- 
complishment of his purpose. God thought enough of 
them to make a great sacrifice in their behalf. He 
loves them more than anything else he ever made. 
He wants to have them, and he would like to have 
them all. He has use for all of them. 

Because this temple he is building is the most mag- 
nificent structure ever conceived both, in dimensions 

The same week a sister writes us in similar vein 
from an entirely different quarter of the Brother- 
hood. Her congregation likewise is large and pros- 
perous, and well known for good works. But she 
feels very keenly the lack of real fellowship between 
the more prominent and well-to-do members and the 
class to which she belongs. The former have their 
good times and exchanges of social courtesies among 
and design. It will take a lot of material, of the very themselves, while such as she are quietly and coolly 

finest. That's why he is using men and women, boy; 
and girls. _■__ _^___„ 

If God Would Publish His 

Not long ago Congress made public the list of war- 
time slackers. Eleven thousand names are to be filed 
away in the official archives and carried down to fu- 
ture generations as the names of men who, on one 
pretext or another, or without any pretext at all, 
evaded the call to service — certainly not a distinction 
to be proud of. But it is a small number, in com- 
parison with that of those who served. 

How would the case stand if God were to publish 
his slacker list? How many would be in it? Would 
it include those who, for business or social reasons, 
think it worth while to belong to church but show 
no interest in her work? And those who would be 
shocked to hear that the church had suspended the 
Sunday services but seldom attend themselves? And 
those who are always too busy with their private af- 
fairs to accept any assignments to special service in 
behalf of the church? And those who want to see the 
church well equipped to work but prefer to let the 
others pay the bills ? 

But why say if God would publish his slacker list, 
when he has said he would do that very thing? And 

ignored. She wonders whether the Golden Rule, 
which makes us think of the needs of those in far- 
away lands has any bearing on such small matters as 
the way we treat the members and others of our home 
communities who do not wear as expensive clothes as 
some other people. 

We are not passing judgment on the complaints of 
these correspondents. We know that it is possible to 
be over-sensitive about these matters, and a poor 
brother and sister may have their own weaknesses in 
their approach and attitude toward those in more fa- 
vored circumstances. But these two letters from op- 
posite directions at the same time on the same sub- 
ject have started us to wondering a little. 

We wonder whether the Church of the Brethren is 
measuring up to its profession of simple living and 
social equality and brotherly love. We remember 
what James found occasion to say on this very point 
in the first few verses of the second chapter of his 
epistle. And knowing something of the tendencies of 
human nature, we are more than half afraid there is 
too much truth in what this brother and this sister 
have said. 

We are more than half afraid that some of us are 
holding " the faith- of our Lord Jesus Christ with 
respect of persons." 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— February 4, 1922 



At Eventide 

Tonight, my soul, be still and sleep; 
The storms are raging on God's deep- 
God's deep, not thine. Be still and sleep. 

Tonight, my soul, be still and sleep; 
God's hand shall still the tempests keep- 
God's hand, not thine. Be still and sleep. 
Tonight, my soul, be still and sleep; 
God's love is strong while night hours creep- 
God's love, not thine. Be still and sleep. 
Tonight, my soul, be still and sleep; 
God's heaven will comfort those that weep— 
God's heaven and thine. Be still and sleep. 

^ — Selected, 

Impressions of the Home Missions Council 


The fifteenth Annual Meeting of the Home Mis- 
sions Council was held in the Marble Collegiate 
church, New York City, Jan. 9, 10 and 11. About 
one hundred and fifty persons registered at the various 
sessions. The Church of the Brethren was repre- 
sented by Eld. Charles D. Bonsack and Bro. M. R. 
Zigler, General Secretary and Home Missions Secre- 
tary, respectively, of the General Mission Board, and 
by the writer, Chairman of the Advisory Council of 
the Home Mission Department. 

The Home Missions Council was organized in 1908. 
It aims " to promote fellowship, conference, and co- 
operation among Christian organizations doing mis- 
sionary work in the United States, Canada, and their 
dependencies." The membership is composed of the 
personnel of forty-two boards and societies, repre- 
senting twenty-three denominations. The Council 
functions officially through an office staff at 156 Fifth 
Avenue, New York City, and eighteen standing com- 
mittees. Most of these committees function jointly 
with similar committees from the Council of Women 
for Home Missions, a closely-affiliated organization, 
representing nineteen national women's boards and 
societies from nearly as many denominations. 

Reports were given at this meeting, by the proper 
committees, on the following departments of Home 
Missionary endeavor: Missions in Alaska, Indian Mis- 
sions, The Mountaineers, Spanish-speaking Peoples, 
Orientals and Hawaiians, Negro-Americans, Hebrews, 
Mormonism, European Immigrants, the West Indies, 
Migrant Groups, the Challenge of the City, Town 
and Country, Utilizing Surveys, Church Building, 
Home Mission Study, Home Mission Literature, 
Home Mission Recruiting, and Comity and Coopera- 
tion. Each report constituted a general survey of the 
work of all agencies in that particular field for the 
past year, with recommendations for the coming year. 

These reports indicate that there are many phases 
of Home Missions that are decidedly " foreign " to 
us, as a church. While the activity of the live local 
church may be considered Home Missionary work, 
and although the program of the District Mission 
Boards belongs to this class of endeavor, yet, as a 
Brotherhood, we have not reached out among special 
groups as most of our sister denominations have done. 
We have had isolated and spasmodic efforts, but 
proper organization and permanency were often lack- 
ing. We trust that the future has better things in 
store for us. 

Notwithstanding the fact that there seems to be 
an agency for eveFy conceivable department of Home 
Missions, yet surveys indicate that America is far 
from being evangelized. In spite of the efforts in 
the realm of allocation in Alaska, there are six large 
areas for which no denomination has accepted respon- 
sibility. Recently an Indian tribe in the Rocky Moun- 
tains heard the Gospel for the first time. And what 
shall we say of pagan Americans ! Our country is a 
huge black, red, yellow, brown, and white harvest 
field, but in the vision of Christ and his own, it is all 
white — white unto harvest. 

Our increasing Home Missionary zeal, however, 
should not lead us to make the same mistakes that 

many of our sister denominations have made, and 
which they now freely confess — namely, the multi- 
plying of organizations. The tendency has been, 
when " newly discovering a need — regardless of the 
fact whether the need itself is new, or is already well 
met — to launch a new enterprise." We are more 
fortunate, in this respect, than some other bodies, and 
yet the same danger confronts us. It is not more 
organizations that we need, but more organization, 
" Not by might, nor by power, but by my Spirit, saith 
the Lord." 

We need a broader and more vital stewardship, on 
the part of the entire church. Here we quote from 
the annual report of Dr. Anthony, Executive Secre- 
tary of the Council: "Another great problem is, How 
shall we put in practice the principles of Christian 
stewardship? Tithing may bring in money, but it is 
not an adequate expression of the Christian principles 
of giving. Collections, every-member canvasses, and 
financial campaigns and movements of various names 
and kinds, may have value, but none seem yet to set 
forth clearly the full principles of Jesus. Real Chris- 
tian stewardship involves the giving of self as well 
as of money — 'the gift without the giver is bare' — 
and the exercise of soul-sympathy toward the gbject 
to be benefited. Simply to put money into a hopper, 
and' to be told that it will do good, is not of itself a 
Christian deed, although it has meritorious aspects and 
in many circles is extolled as a full expression of 
Christian stewardship. No, there is another side of 
stewardship, which is not always coupled with it as 
it should be, and that is intelligent understanding and 
sympathetic participation. At this point the necessity 
of informing givers, and of reporting to donors, and 
of using all the means of explanation and of appeal, 
which are included under the heads of ' publicity ' and 
' promotion of interest,' appears. There can be no 
sound practice of stewardship, which does not involve 
intellectual apprehension of, and volitional commit- 
ment to, the objects benefited, or to be benefited. Few, 
if" any of us, have yet worked out the problems of 
stewardship in these comprehensive terms." 

This meeting also brought a message on comity and 
cooperation. Several instances of the surrender of 
territory to another body, to avoid needless duplica- 
tion, were reported. Many of our Home "Mission 
problems are general in character, and we need to 
keep in touch with what others are doing. Yet, it is 
quite noticeable that even those bodies, whose prin- 
ciples are similar, carefully guard their own interests. 
The logical policy for our Brotherhood, therefore. 
with her distinctive mission, is obvious. As long as 
the Church of the Brethren rings true to the Gospel 
in the fundamentals, as well as in the ordinances, she 
has a right to " first place in every place." The great- 
est message, therefore, of this meeting to us, is the 
clearer indication of how we may, through our own 
organization, contend for the faith more earnestly in 

Huntingdon, Pa. 

The Annual Visit 


Traveling, recently, we chanced to fall into con- 
versation with an aged Methodist minister of wide 
experience. He was a man of most genial disposi- 
tion, hopeful and buoyant. He asked me many ques- 
tions about the church, its progress and the future 
outlook. I, in turn, learned many things from this 
good man. Naturally enough, the conversation 
turned to a comparison of the church today with that 
of former days. In many respects we have advanced, 
and our opportunities are certainly greater. But the 
aged minister offered some suggestions on a matter 
in which, I am persuaded, the church of today has 
lost decidedly. 

The aged minister referred to the manner in which 
visits used to be paid each quarter to every parishioner 
of his church. At such a time the children were called 
together and admonished. Prayer and the reading 
of the Scriptures was a part of the program, as they 
went from house to house. In that day every home 
had its family altar. He was inclined to think that 

we live too fast these days, that church members are 
being swept away by intellectualism and social func- 
tions, that we are too worldly and that we have failed 
to witness for Christ in our homes and in our pulpits. 

These suggestions, that came from such a warm 
heart, with a cheery interest in the Kingdom, and 
without pessimism, took hold of me. I can not shake 
them off. I read : " Say not thou, What is the cause 
that the former days were better than these? for 
thou dost not inquire out of wisdom concerning this " 
(Eccl. 7: 10). I do not underrate this day. I desire 
to profit by former days. 

Concerning the annual visit, I am aware that many 
of our churches have dropped this practice entirely. 
They have done well to drop it, too, unless the manner 
of it be conducted differently from what it is too often 
done. Our brethren used to take time, talk to the 
children, read a portion of Scripture and pray. . Later 
we got too much in a hurry, and often a group of 
members would be gathered into a nook at the church, 
and asked about three questions. If these were 
answered in the affirmative, the deacon would proceed 
to ask them for a list of suggestions upon which the 
church might be admonished. This furnished a splen- 
did opportunity for venting pent-up feelings without 
" coming out into the open." In fact, many of the 
suggestions given should never have been carried by 
the deacons to the church — the contributor should 
have been instructed. 

Again I have known the annual visit to be paid upon 
the public highway— the members speaking from ve- 
hicle to vehicle. I know some children who wondered 
what might be occurring in the house when those two 
deacons came and mother said : " Now, children, I 
do not want you to bother the visiting brethren with 
your presence, when they come, for you are not pre- 
sentable." These visits should be made the very 
touchstones of spiritual life and encouragement. This 
takes time. The church should plan a program for 
the visit. Talk over how individuals may be helped ! 
Pray for the isolated members ! Gather important 
facts that should direct the best effort in meeting the 
situations with which you have to contend ! 

Years ago the visit went forth without the added 
duties that are now sometimes a real hindrance to the 
success of the work. Later it was thought best to can- 
vass the members, at this time, for money to meet the. 
annual expenses of the church. The visit became, 
more and more, a channel for bringing other matters 
to the attention of the members, until now, as the visit 
is often conducted, the church would be better served 
without the annual visit. Most of our rural or un- 
pastored churches will be served better by an organi- 
zation of Sunday-school classes, that will do much 
of the same work effectively. Young people are glad 
to read and sing to old people and shut-ins. Others 
will share in such work, and receive a blessing while 
serving others, if only the church sets ahout to see 
that some one is made responsible for the task. 

But while there is a general tide of effort in trying 
to reinstate the family altar, why not let the subject 
of "the annual visit" be revitalized and reinstated? 
If the old name is not desired, choose a more appro- 
priate one. If once a year is too infrequent, why not 
have it oftenerf The Home Department (now called 
" The Extension Department " ) of the Sunday- 
school goes out four times each year and often does 
a more effective work than the annual visit. Why not 
do as much for the cause, through the church organi- 
zation directly, as through the Sunday-school? 

Elgin r III. ^ 

The Church Visit — Its Use and Abuse 


Among the various activities of the church, how- 
ever helpful they may be, there is none but may not 
be misused or abused. 

The church visit was established many years ago, 
as a means to an end. The end to be reached is to 
ascertain the spiritual and social standing of our 
members, for the sole purpose of helping the mem- 
bers, if possible, to an increase of spirituality, Chris- 
tian piety, and usefulness in service. Where special 
grievances are found to exist, the deacons are to be 

helpful in overcoming the same, thereby strengthening 
the tie of Christian fellowship, and enlarging the vi- 
sion of greater opportunity. 

The background of this work is found in the New 
Testament teaching, viz., the deep concern for the wel- 
fare of our brethren and sisters, spiritually and tem- 
porally, based upon our positive conviction that we are 
our brother's keeper. This is one of the essential 
Christian graces that we can not afford to neglect. 
Where such a spirit exists among our people, the 
church visit will not be neglected or abused. Our 
Annual Meeting Minutes show that this service en- 
gaged the serious attention of our forefathers, es- 
pecially on three points : 

1. As to whose duty it shall be to perform the 
work. — Minutes of 1866. 

2. Manner of procedure. — Minutes of 1905. 

3. The form of questions to be used in the visit. 

Minutes of 1867. 

Special importance is attached to the last two 
questions. A careful study of them will show clearly 
the object in view. An intelligent presentation and 
brief explanation of their meaning can not fail in 
impressing the individual visited, with the great im- 
portance of being in a proper relation to God and 
our fellow-men, and able to give an intelligent answer 
and to express a stronger desire to grow in those 
Christian graces and experiences. 

T have a very distinct recollection of two church 
visits made in my family. The first one was in the 
first year of our married life. Wife and I had been 
awaiting the visiting brethren for some time — in fact 
we had become somewhat anxious to have them call 
upon us. So, when, one evening in April, after sup- 
per, the brethren arrived — two deacons — we were 
much elated over the fact that the brethren had ar- 
rived at last. But can you imagine our profound 
disappointment when one of