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Full text of "Connecticut Accessibility Code"

TABLE OF CONTENTS 

STATE BUILDING CODE 

2005 CONNECTICUT SUPPLEMENT 

Repealed 29-252-1 c 

State Building Code - Connecticut Supplement 29-252-1 d 

Section Page 

Amendments to the 2003 International Building Code 2 

Amendments to the ICC/ANSI All 7.1 -2003 63 

Amendments to the 2003 International Existing Building Code 65 

Amendments to the 2003 International Plumbing Code 74 

Amendments to the 2003 International Mechanical Code 81 

Amendments to the 2003 International Energy Conservation Code 87 

Amendments to the 2003 International Residential Code 90 

Amendments to the 2005 NFPA 70 National Electrical Code 112 



63 



AMENDMENTS TO ICC/ANSI A117.1 - 2003 

(Amd) Table 404.2.3.1 - Maneuvering clearances at manual swinging doors 

MINIMUM MANEUVERING CLEARANCES 

Parallel to Doorway (beyond 
latch unless noted) 



TYPE OF USE 




MINIMUM 


Approach 




Door 


Perpendicular 


Direction 




Side 


to Doorway 


From front 




Pull 


60 inches 


From front 




Push 


48 inches 


From hinge 


side 


Pull 


60 inches 


From hinge 


side 


Pull 


54 inches 


From hinge 


side 


Push 


42 inches^ 


From latch side 


Pull 


48 inches^ 


From latch side 


Push 


42 inches^ 



24 


inches 





inches^ 


36 


inches 


42 


inches 


22 


inches^ ^^ 


24 


inches 


24 


inches 



^ Add 6 inches if closer and latch provided. 

^ Add 6 inches if closer provided. 

^ Add 12 inches beyond latch if closer and latch provided. 

"^ Beyond hinge side. 

(Amd) Fig. 404.2.3.1 Maneuvering clearance at swinging doors, (a) front approach, pull 
side. Amend the 18 min. notation to read 24 min. 

(Amd) 502.2 Vehicle space size. Parking spaces designated for persons with disabilities shall 
be as near as possible to a building entrance or walkway. Accessible automobile parking 
spaces shall be 15 feet in width including 5 feet of cross hatch. Accessible van spaces shall be 
16 feet in width including 8 feet of cross hatch. Cross hatched portions shall not be shared 
between spaces. 

(Del) Fig. 502.2 Vehicle parking space size. Delete figure without substitution. 

(Del) 502.4 Access aisle. Delete section and subsections without substitution. 

(Del) Fig. 502.4 Parking space access aisle. Delete figure without substitution. 

(Amd) 502.5 Floor or ground surfaces. Accessible parking spaces shall have a surface with 
a gradient not more than one unit vertical to 50 units horizontal (1:50). 

(Amd) 502.7 Identification. Accessible parking spaces shall be identified by above grade 
signs in accordance with Section 1110.1 of the 2003 International Building Code portion of the 
2005 State Building Code. 

(Del) 505 Handrails. Delete section in its entirety and replace with the following: 

(Add) 505 Handrails. 

(Add) 505.1 General. Handrails shall be provided in accordance with the requirements of the 
2003 International Building Code portion of the 2005 State Building Code. 

(Amd) 607.5 Controls. Controls, other than drain stoppers, shall be provided on an end wall, 
located between the bathtub rim and grab bar, and between the open side of the bathtub and 
the midpoint of the width of the bathtub. Controls shall comply with Section 309.4. 



64 



Exception: Controls in Group 1-2 long-term health care facilities that provide 
supervised, assisted bathing shall be permitted to be located outside of the bathtub 
compartment. 

(Amd) 608.5 Controls. Controls and hand showers shall comply with Sections 608.5 and 

309.4. 

Exception: Controls in Group 1-2 long-term health care facilities that provide 
supervised, assisted bathing shall be permitted to be located outside of the shower 
compartment. 

(Amd) 1004.3.1 Location. At least one accessible route shall connect all spaces and elements 
that are a part of the unit. Where only one accessible route is provided, it shall not pass through 
bathrooms and toilet rooms, closets or similar spaces. 

Exceptions: An accessible route is not required to unfinished attics and unfinished 

basements that are part of the unit. 

(Add) 1004.3.3 Wheelchair turning space. All spaces shall provide a wheelchair turning space 
complying with Section 304. 

Exception: Exterior spaces less than 30 inches in depth. 

(Amd) 1004.4.2 Changes in level. Changes in level shall comply with Section 303. 

(Amd) 1004.5.1 Primary entrance door. The primary entrance door to the dwelling unit shall 
comply with Section 404. 

(Amd) 1004.12.2.2 Dishwasher. Clear floor or ground space shall be positioned for parallel or 
forward approach. Clear floor or ground space shall be positioned beyond the swing of the 
dishwasher door. The dishwasher door in the open position shall not obstruct the clear floor or 
ground space for the dishwasher or the sink. 

(Add) 1004.12.3 Kitchen storage. Cabinets shall have a clear floor or ground space complying 
with Section 305.3, positioned for parallel or forward approach. 

(Add) 1004.13 Windows. Each window required for emergency escape and rescue shall have 
operable parts complying with Sections 309.3 and 309.4. 






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ICC/ANSI 
A1 17.1 -2003 



American National Standard 

Accessible and Usable 
Buildings and Facilities 



Secretariat 

International Code Council 
Chicago District Office 
4051 W. Flossmoor Road 
Country Club Hills, IL 60478-5795 

Approved November 26, 2003 

American National Standards Institute, Inc. 
25 West 43rd Street — Fourth Floor 
New York, NY 10036 



First Printing: May 2004 
Second Printing: August 2006 
Third Printing: February 2007 
Fourth Printing: August 2007 

Fifth Printing: April 2008 

First Published: May 2004 



ISBN 1-58001-102-0 

COPYRIGHT © 2004 

By 

INTERNATIONAL CODE COUNCIL, INC. 



ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. This Accessible and Usable Buildings and Facilities (ICC/ANSI Al 17.1-2003) is a copyrighted work 
owned by the International Code Council, Inc. Without advance written permissionfrom the copyright owner, no part of this book may 
be reproduced, distributed, or transmitted in anyfi)rm or by any means, including, without limitation, electronic, optical or mechanical 
means (by way of example, and not limitation, photocopying, or recording by or in an information storage retrieval system). For infor- 
mation on permission to copy material exceeding fair use, please contact: Publications, 4051 W. Flossmoor Road, Country Club Hills, 
IL 60478. 

Trademarks: "ICC," the International Code Council logo and "Accessible and Usable Buildings and Facilities (ICC/ANSI 
Al 17.1-2003)" are trademarks of the International Code Council, Inc. 



American 

National 

Standard 



Approval of an American National Standard requires verification by 
ANSI that the requirements for due process, consensus, and other cri- 
teria for approval have been met by the standards developer. 

Consensus is established when in the judgement of the ANSI Board of 
Standards Review, substantial agreement has been reached by 
directly and materially affected interests. Substantial agreement 
means much more than a simple majority, but not necessarily unanim- 
ity. Consensus requires that all views and objections be considered, 
and that a concerted effort be made toward their resolution. 

The use of American National Standards is completely voluntary; their 
existence does not in any respect preclude anyone, whether he or she 
has approved the standards or not, from manufacturing, marketing, 
purchasing, or using products, processes, or procedures not con- 
forming to the standards. 

The American National Standards Institute does not develop stan- 
dards and will in no circumstances give an interpretation of any Ameri- 
can National Standard. Moreover, no person shall have the right or 
authority to issue an interpretation of an American National Standard 
in the name of the American National Standards Institute. Requests 
for interpretations should be addressed to the secretariat or sponsor 
whose name appears on the title page of this standard. 

CAUTION NOTICE: This American National Standard may be 
revised or withdrawn at any time. The procedures of the American 
National Standards Institute require that action be taken periodically 
to reaffirm, revise, or withdraw this standard. Purchasers of American 
National Standards may receive current information on all standards 
by calling or writing the American National Standards Institute. 



IV 



FOREWORD 

(The information contained in this foreword is not part of this American National 
Standard (ANS) and has not been processed in accordance with ANSI's require- 
ments for an ANS. As such, this foreword may contain material that has not been 
subjected to public review or a consensus process. In addition, it does not contain 
requirements necessary for conformance to the standard.) 

Development 

The 1961 edition of ANSI Standard A1 17.1 presented the first criteria for accessi- 
bility to be approved as an American National Standard and was the result of 
research conducted by the University of Illinois under a grant from the Easter Seal 
Research Foundation. The National Easter Seal Society and the President's Com- 
mittee on Employment of People with Disabilities became members of the Secre- 
tariat, and the 1961 edition was reaffirmed in 1971. 

In 1974, the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development joined the Sec- 
retariat and sponsored needed research, which resulted in the 1980 edition. After 
further revision that included a special effort to remove application criteria (scoping 
requirements), the 1986 edition was published and, when requested in 1987, the 
Council of American Building Officials (CABO) assumed the Secretariat. Central to 
the intent of the change in the Secretariat was the development of a standard that, 
when adopted as part of a building code, would be compatible with the building 
code and its enforcement. The 1998 edition largely achieved that goal. In 1998, 
CABO became the International Code Council (ICC). 

2003 Edition 

New to the 2003 edition are criteria for elements and fixtures primarily for children's 
use; enhanced reach range criteria; transportation facilities; additional provisions 
for assembly areas; and an addition and rearrangement for accessible dwelling 
and sleeping units. These new criteria are intended to provide a level of coordina- 
tion between the accessible provisions of this standard and the Fair Housing 
Accessibility Guidelines (FHAG) and the Americans with Disabilities Act Accessi- 
bility Guidelines (ADAAG). Illustrative figures are numbered the same as corre- 
sponding text to simplify the use of the Standard. Unless specified othenwise, 
figures are not part of the Standard. Should a figure appear to illustrate criteria that 
differ with the text of the Standard, the criteria stated in the text govern. 

ANSI Approval 

This Standard was processed and approved for submittal to ANSI by the Accred- 
ited Standards Committee A1 1 7 on Architectural Features and Site Design of Pub- 
lic Buildings and Residential Structures for Persons with Disabilities. ANSI 
approved the 2003 edition on November 26, 2003. Committee approval of the 
Standard does not necessarily imply that all Committee members voted for its 
approval. 

Adoption 

ICC/ANSI A1 17.1-2003 is available for adoption and use by jurisdictions interna- 
tionally. Its use within a governmental jurisdiction is intended to be accomplished 
through adoption by reference in accordance with proceedings establishing the 
jurisdiction's laws. 

Formal Interpretations 

Requests for Formal Interpretations on the provisions of ICC/ANSI A1 17.1-2003 
should be addressed to: ICC, Chicago District Office, 4051 W. Flossmoor Road, 
Country Club Hills, IL 60478-5795. 



Maintenance — Submittal of Proposals 

All ICC standards are revised as required by ANSI. Proposals for revising this edi- 
tion are welcome. Please visit the ICC website at www.iccsafe.org for the official 
"Call for proposals" announcement. A proposal form and instructions can also be 
downloaded from www.iccsafe.org. 

ICC, its members and those participating in the development of ICC/ANSI 
A1 17.1-2003 do not accept any liability resulting from compliance or noncompli- 
ance with the provisions of ICC 300-2002. ICC does not have the power or authority 
to police or enforce compliance with the contents of this standard. Only the govern- 
mental body that enacts this standard into law has such authority. 



VI 



Accredited Standards Committee A117 on Architectural Features and 

Site Design of Public Buildings and Residential Structures for 

Persons with Disabilities 

At the time of ANSI approval, the A117.1 Committee consisted of the following members: 

Chair Kenneth M. Schoonover, PE 

Vice Chair Edward A. Donoghue, CPCA 

A117 Committee Secretary Lawrence Brown, CBO 

Organizational Member Representative 

Accessibility Equipment Manufacturers 

Association (AEMA) (PD) Kevin Brinkman 

Gregory L. Harmon (Alt) 

American Bankers Association (ABA) (BO) Nessa Feddis 

American Council of the Blind (ACB) (CU) Patricia Beattie 

Krista Merritt (Alt) 
American Hotel and Lodging Association 
(AHLA) (BO) Kevin Maher 

Jerry Gross (Alt) 
American Institute of Architects (AIA) (P) Mark W. Wales, Associate AIA, CBO 

Larry M. Schneider (Alt) 
American Occupational Therapy Association 

(AOTA) (P) S. Shoshana Shamberg 

American Society of Interior Designers (ASID) (P). . . Samantha McAskill, ASID 

Barbara J. Huelat, ASID, (IDA (Alt) 
American Society of Plumbing Engineers (ASPE) (P) Robert H. Evans, Jr., CIPE/CPD 

Julius A. Ballanco, PE. (Alt) 
AmericanSocietyof Safety Engineers (ASSE) (P). . . Dr. William Marietta, PhD, CSP 

John B. Schroering, RE., C.S.R (Alt) 
American Society of Theatre Consultants (ASTC) (P) . William Conner, ASTC 

R. Duane Wilson, ASTC (Alt) 
Association for Education & Rehabilitation of the Blind 

& Visually Impaired (AERBVI) (P) Billie Louise "Beezy" Bentzen, PhD 

Builders Hardware Manufacturers Association, Inc 

(BHMA)(PD) Michael Tierney 

Richard Hudnut (Alt) 
Building Owners and Managers Association 
International (BOMA) (BO) Lawrence G. Perry, AIA 

Ron Burton (Alt) 
Disability Rights Education and Defense Fund 
(DREDF) (CU) Marilyn Golden 

Logan Hopper (Alt) 
International Association of Amusement Parks and 

Attractions (lAAPA) (BO) John Paul Scott, AIA, NCARB 

International Code Council (ICC) (R) Kimberly Paarlberg, AIA 

Phil Hahn, AIA (Alt) 
International Sign Association (ISA) (PD) Teresa Cox 

James L. Chapman (Alt) 

Muhammad Kahn (2nd Alt) 
Little People of America, Inc. (LPA) (CU) Tricia Mason 

C. Angela Van Etten, J.D. 
Montgomery County Department of Permitting 
Services (MCDPS) (R) Shahriar Amiri, CBO 

Thomas Heiderer (Alt) 

National Apartment Association (NAA) (BO) Ronald G. Nickson 

National Association of Home Builders (NAHB) (BO) . Jeffrey T. Inks 

Richard A. Morris (Alt) 
National Association of the Deaf (NAD) (CU) Don Sievers 

Nancy J. Bloch (Alt) 



VII 



National Conference of States on Building Codes 

and Standards (NCSBCS) (R) Curt Wiehle 

National Electrical Manufacturers Association 

(NEMA) (PD) Rein Haus 

Scott Edwards (Alt) 

James Shuster (2nd Alt) 
National Elevator Industry, Inc (NEII) (PD) Edward A. Donoghue, CPCA 

George A. Kappenhagen (Alt) 

Barry Blackaby (2nd Alt) 
National Fire Protection Association 
(NFPA) (R) Allan B. Fraser 

Ron Cote, PE (Alt) 
New Mexico Governor's Committee on Concerns of the 
Handicapped (NMGCCH) (CU) Hope Reed 

Anthony H. Alarid (Alt) 
Paralyzed Veterans of America (PVA) (CU) Carol Peredo Lopez, AIA 

Mark H. Lichter, AIA (Alt) 
Plumbing Manufacturers Institute (PMI) (PD) David Viola 

Barbara C. Higgens (Alt) 
Self Help for Hard of Hearing People, Inc. 
(SHHH)(CU) BrendaBattat 

Timothy P. Creagan (Alt) 
Society for Environmental Graphic Design 
(SEGD)(P). Kenneth A. Ethridge, Jr., AIA, RIBA 

Ann Makowski (Alt) 
StainA/ay Manufacturers Association (SMA) (PD) . . . Tim Moss 

David Cooper (Alt) 
U.S. Architectural & Transportation Barriers Compliance 
(Access) Board (ATBCB) (R) . Marsha K. Mazz 

Scott J. Windley (Alt) 
U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) (R) Larry B. Fleming 

Samuel Hodges, III (Alt) 
U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development 
(HUD)(R) Cheryl D.Kent 

Louis R Borray (Alt) 
United Cerebral Palsy Association, Inc. (UCPA) (CU) . Robert Dale Lynch, FAIA 

Gus Estrella (Alt) 
United Spinal Association (CU) Brian D. Black 

Dominic Marinelli (Alt) 
World Institute on Disability (WID) (CU) Hale Zukas 

Individual Members 

Todd Andersen (P) 
George R McAllister, Jr. (P) 
Jake L. Pauls, CPE (P) 
John R S. Salmen, AIA (P) 
Kenneth M. Schoonover, PE (P) 

Acknowledgment 

The updating of this standard over the past 5 years could only be accomplished by the hard work 
of not only the current committee members listed at the time of approval but also the many com- 
mittee members who participated and contributed to the process over the course of develop- 
ment. ICC recognizes their contributions as well as those of the participants who, although not 
on the committee, provided valuable input during this update cycle. 



VIII 



INTEREST CATEGORIES 

Builder/Owner/Operator (BO) - Members in this category include those in the private 
sector involved in the development, construction, ownership and operation of buildings 
or facilities; and their respective associations. 

Consumer/User (CU) - Members in this category include those with disabilities, or oth- 
ers who require accessibility features in the built environment for access to buildings, 
facilities and sites; and their respective associations. 

Producer/Distributor (PD) - Members in this category include those involved in manu- 
facturing, distributing, or sales of products; and their respective associations. 

Professional (P) - Members in this category include those qualified to engage in the 
development of the body of knowledge and policy relevant to their area of practice, such 
as research, testing, consulting, education, engineering or design; and their respective 
associations. 

Regulatory (R) - Members in this category include federal agencies, representatives of 
regulatory agencies or organizations that promulgate or enforce codes or standards; 
and their respective associations. 

Individual Expert (IE) (Nonvoting) - Members in this category are individual experts 
selected to assist the consensus body. Individual experts shall serve for a renewable 
term of one year and shall be subject to approval by vote of the consensus body Individ- 
ual experts shall have no vote. 



Category Number 

Builder/Owner/Operator - (BO) 6 

Consumer/User - (CU) 1 

Professional - (P) 8 

Producer/Distributor - (PD) 7 

Regulatory - (R) 7 

TOTAL 38 



IX 



Contents 

Chapter 1. Application and Administration 

101 Purpose 

102 Anthropometric Provisions 

103 Compliance Alternatives 

104 Conventions 

105 Referenced Standards 

106 Definitions 3 

Chapter 2. Scoping 5 

201 General 5 

202 Dwelling and Sleeping Units 5 

203 Administration 5 

Chapter 3. Building Blocks 7 

301 General 7 

302 Floor Surfaces 7 

303 Changes in Level 7 

304 Turning Space 7 

305 Clear Floor Space 8 

306 Knee and Toe Clearance 9 

307 Protruding Objects 10 

308 Reach Ranges 11 

309 Operable Parts 12 

Chapter 4. Accessible Routes 15 

401 General 15 

402 Accessible Routes 15 

403 Walking Surfaces 15 

404 Doors and Doonways 16 

405 Ramps 22 

406 Curb Ramps 24 

407 Elevators. . 26 

408 Limited-Use/Limited-Application Elevators 33 

409 Private Residence Elevators 35 

410 Platform Lifts 37 

Chapter 5. General Site and Building Elements 39 

501 General . 39 

502 Parking Spaces 39 

503 Passenger Loading Zones 40 

504 Stainrt/ays 40 

505 Handrails 41 

506 Windows 44 

Chapter 6. Plumbing Elements and Facilities 45 

601 General 45 

602 Drinking Fountains 45 

603 Toilet and Bathing Rooms 46 

604 Water Closets and Toilet Compartments 46 

605 Urinals 52 

606 Lavatories and Sinks 52 

607 Bathtubs 54 

608 Shower Compartments 56 

609 Grab Bars 61 

610 Seats 62 

611 Washing Machines and Clothes Dryers 63 



XI 



Chapter 7. Communication Elements and Features 65 

701 General 65 

702 Alarms 65 

703 Signs 65 

704 Telephones 70 

705 Detectable Warnings 71 

706 Assistive Listening Systems . 72 

707 Automatic Teller Machines (ATMs) and Fare Machines 72 

708 Two-Way Communication Systems 74 

Chapter 8. Special Rooms and Spaces 75 

801 General 75 

802 Assembly Areas 75 

803 Dressing, Fitting, and Locker Rooms 79 

804 Kitchens and Kitchenettes 80 

805 Transportation Facilities 81 

806 Holding Cells and Housing Cells 83 

807 Courtrooms 84 

Chapter 9. Built-in Furnishings and Equipment 85 

901 General 85 

902 Dining Surfaces and Work Surfaces 85 

903 Benches 85 

904 Sales and Service Counters 85 

905 Storage Facilities 87 

Chapter 10. Dwelling Units and Sleeping Units 89 

1001 General 89 

1002 Accessible Units 89 

1003 Type A Units 90 

1004 Type B Units 96 

1005 Units with Accessible Communication Features 103 



XII 



List of Figures 

Chapter 1. Application and Administration 1 

Figure 104.2 Graphic Convention for Figures 2 

Chapter 2. Scoping (No figures) 5 

Chapter 3. Building Blocks .7 

Figure302.2 Carpet on Floor Surfaces. 7 

Figure 302.3 Openings in Floor Surfaces 7 

Figure 303.2 Vertical Changes in Level 7 

Figure 303.3 Beveled Changes in Level 8 

Figure 304.3 Size of Turning Space 8 

Figure305.3 Size of Clear Floor Space 8 

Figure 305.5 Position of Clear Floor Space 9 

Figure 305.7 Maneuvering Clearance in an Alcove 9 

Figure 306.2 Toe Clearance 10 

Figure 306.3 Knee Clearance 10 

Figure 307.2 Limits of Protruding Objects 11 

Figure 307.3 Post-Mounted Protruding Objects 11 

Figure 307.4 Reduced Vertical Clearance 11 

Figure 308.2.1 Unobstructed Forward Reach .12 

Figure 308.2.2 Obstructed High Forward Reach .. 12 

Figure 308.3.1 Unobstructed Side Reach 12 

Figure 308.3.2 Obstructed High Side Reach 13 

Chapter 4. Accessible Routes 15 

Figure 403.5 Clear Width of an Accessible Route. 15 

Figure403.5.1 Clear Width at Turn 16 

Figure 404.2.2 Clear Width of Doonways 17 

Figure 404.2.3.1 Maneuvering Clearance at Manual Swinging Doors 18 

Figure 404.2.3.2 Maneuvering Clearance at Sliding and Folding Doors 19 

Figure 404.2.3.3 Maneuvering Clearance at Doonways without Doors 20 

Figure 404.2.3.4 Maneuvering Clearance at Recessed Doors 20 

Figure 404.2.5 Two Doors in a Series. 21 

Figure 405.7 Ramp Landings 23 

Figure 405.9 Ramp Edge Protection 24 

Figure 406.2 Counter Slope of Surfaces Adjacent to Curb Ramps 24 

Figure406.3 Sides of Curb Ramps 24 

Figure 406.10 Diagonal Curb Ramps . 25 

Figure 406.11 Islands 26 

Figure 407.2. 1.1 Heightof Elevator Call Buttons 26 

Figure 407.2.1.7 Destination-oriented Elevator Indication 27 

Figure 407.2.2.2 Elevator Visible Signals 28 

Figure 407.2.3.1 Floor Designation 29 

Figure 407.2.3.2 Destination-oriented Elevator Car Identification 29 

Figure 407.4.1 Inside Dimensions of Elevator Cars 31 

Figure 407.4.6.2 Elevator Car Control Buttons 32 

Figure 408.4.1 Inside Dimensions of Limited Use/Limited Application 

(LULA) Elevator Cars 36 

Figure 409.4.6.3 Location of Controls in Private Residence Elevators 37 

Figure410.2.1 Platform Lift Doors and Gates 38 

Chapter 5. General Site and Building Elements 39 

Figure 502.2 Vehicle Parking Space Size 39 

Figure 502.4 Parking Space Access Aisle 40 

Figure 503.3 Passenger Loading Zone Access Aisle 41 

Figure 504.2 Treads and Risers for Accessible Stairways. 41 

Figure 504.5 Stair Nosings 42 

Figure 505.4 Handrail Height 43 



XIII 



Figure 505.5 Handrail Clearance 43 

Figure 505.7 Handrail Cross Section .43 

Figure 505. 10.1 Top and Bottom Handrail Extensions at Ramps . 44 

Figure 505.1 0.2 Top Handrail Extensions at Stairs 44 

Figure 505, 10.3 Bottom Handrail Extensions at Stairs 44 

Chapter 6. Plumbing Elements and Facilities 45 

Figure 602.5 Drinking Fountain Spout Location 45 

Figure 604.2 Water Closet Location 46 

Figure 604.3 Size of Clearance for Water Closet 47 

Figure 604.4 Water Closet Height 47 

Figure604.5.1 Side Wall Grab Bar for Water Closet .48 

Figure604.5.2 RearWall Grab Bar for Water Closet . 48 

Figure 604.5.3 Swing-up Grab Bar for Water Closet .48 

Figure 604.7 Dispenser Location 49 

Figure 604.8.2 Wheelchair Accessible Toilet Compartments 50 

Figure 604.8.3 WheelchairAccessible Compartment Doors 50 

Figure 604.8.5 Wheelchair Accessible Compartment Toe Clearance. ..... 51 

Figure 604.9 Ambulatory Accessible Compartment 51 

Figure 604. 10.2 Children's Water Closet Location . . 51 

Figure 604. 10.4 Children's Water Closet Height .52 

Figure 604.10.7 Children's Dispenser Location 52 

Figure 605.2 Height of Urinals . 53 

Figure 606.3 Height of Lavatories and Sinks 53 

Figure 607.2 Clearance for Bathtubs 54 

Figure 607.4.1 Grab Bars for Bathtubs with Permanent Seats 55 

Figure 607.4.2 Grab Bars for Bathtubs without Permanent Seats 56 

Figure 607.5 Location of Bathtub Controls 56 

Figure 608.2.1 Transfer-Type Shower Compartment Size and Clearance ... 57 

Figure 608.2.2 Standard Roll-in-Type Shower Compartment Size 

and Clearance 57 

Figure 608.2.3 Alternate Roll-in-Type Shower Compartment Size 

and Clearance 57 

Figure 608.3.1 Grab Bars in Transfer-Type Showers 58 

Figure 608.3.2 Grab Bars in Standard Roll-in-Type Showers 58 

Figure 608.3.3 Grab Bars in Alternate Roll-in-Type Showers .59 

Figure 608.5.1 Transfer-Type Shower Controls and 

Handshower Location 59 

Figure 608.5.2 Standard Roll-in-Type Shower Control and 

Handshower Location 59 

Figure 608.5.3 Alternate Roll-in-Type Shower Control and 

Handshower Location 60 

Figure609.2 Size of Grab Bars 61 

Figure609.3 Spacing of Grab Bars 61 

Figure 610.2 Bathtub Seats 62 

Figure 610.3.1 Rectangular Shower Compartment Seat 63 

Figure 61 0.3.2 L-Shaped Shower Compartment Seat 63 

Figure 61 1.4 Height of Laundry Equipment 63 

Chapter 7. Communication Elements and Features 65 

Figure 703.3.5 Character Height 66 

Figure 703.3. 10 Height of Tactile Characters above Floor or Ground 67 

Figure 703.3.11 Location of Tactile Signs at Doors 68 

Figure 703.4.3 Braille Measurement 68 

Figure 703.4-4 Position of Braille 69 

Figure 703.5 Pictogram Field 69 

Figure 703.6.3.1 International Symbol of Accessibility 70 

Figure 703.6.3.2 International TTY Symbol 70 

Figure 703.6.3.3 International Symbol of Access for Hearing Loss 70 



XIV 



Figure 703.6.3.4 Volume-Controlled Telephone 70 

Figure 704.2.1 Clear Floor Space for Telephones 71 

Figure 705.5 Truncated Dome Size and Spacing 72 

Figure 707.5 Numeric Key Layout 73 

Chapter 8. Special Rooms and Spaces 75 

Figure 802.3 Width of a Wheelchair Space in Assembly Areas 75 

Figure 802.4 Depth of a Wheelchair Space in Assembly Areas 75 

Figure 802.9. 1.1 Lines of Sight over the Heads of Seated Spectators 11 

Figure 802.9. 1.2 Lines of Sight between the Heads of Seated Spectators . ... 11 

Figure 802.9.2 Wheelchair Space Elevation .78 

Figure 804.2.1 Pass-through Kitchen Clearance 80 

Figure 804.2.2 U-Shaped Kitchen Clearance 81 

Figure 805.2.2 Size of Bus Boarding and Alighting Areas 82 

Figure 805.3 Bus Shelters 83 

Figure 805.10 Track Crossings 84 

Chapter 9. Built-in Furnishings and Equipment 85 

Figure 903 Benches 86 

Figure 904.4.2 Height of Checkout Counters . .86 

Chapteno. Dwelling Units and Sleeping Units 89 

Figure 1003. 11. 7 Water Closets in Type A Units 92 

Figure 1003.1 1.8 Clearance for Bathtubs in Type A Units 93 

Figure 1 003.1 1 .9 Standard Roll-in-Type Shower Compartment 

in Type A Units 93 

Figure 1003.12.1.1 Minimum Kitchen Clearance in Type A Units 94 

Figure 1003.12.1.2 U-Shaped Kitchen Clearance in Type A Units 94 

Figure 1003.12.3 Work Surface in Kitchen for Type A Units 95 

Figure 1003.12.4 Kitchen SinkforType A Units 95 

Figure 1004.1 1.3.1.1 Lavatory in Type B Units-Option A Bathrooms 98 

Figure 1004.11.3.1.2 Water Closets in Type B Units .99 

Figure 1004.1 1 .3.1 .3.1 Parallel Approach Bathtub in Type B Units- 
Option A Bathrooms 10b 

Figure 1004.1 1 .3.1 .3.2 Fonrt/ard Approach Bathtub in Type B Units- 
Option A Bathrooms 100 

Figure 1004. 11. 3. 1.3.3 Transfer-Type Shower Compartment in Type B Units 100 

Figure 1004.11 .3.2.1 Lavatory in Type B Units-Option B Bathrooms . 101 

Figure 1004.1 1.3.2.3.1 Bathtub Clearance in Type B Units-Option B Bathrooms. ... 101 

Figure 1004.12.1.1 Minimum Kitchen Clearance in Type B Units 102 

Figure 1004.12.1.2 U-Shaped Kitchen Clearance in Type B Units 102 



XV 



XVI 



ICC/ANSI A1 17. 1-2003 



Chapter 1 . Application and Administration 



Chapter 1. Application and Administration 



101 Purpose 

The technical criteria in Chapters 3 through 9, and 
Sections 1002, 1003 and 1005 of this standard 
make sites, facilities, buildings and elements acces- 
sible to and usable by people with such physical dis- 
abilities as the inability to walk, difficulty walking, 
reliance on walking aids, blindness and visual 
impairment, deafness and hearing impairment, 
incoordination, reaching and manipulation disabili- 
ties, lack of stamina, difficulty interpreting and react- 
ing to sensory information, and extremes of 
physical size. The intent of these sections is to allow 
a person with a physical disability to independently 
get to, enter, and use a site, facility, building, or ele- 
ment. 

Section 1004 of this standard provides criteria for 
Type B units. These criteria are intended to be con- 
sistent with the intent of the criteria of the U.S. 
Department of Housing and Urban Development 
(HUD) Fair Housing Accessibility Guidelines. The 
Type B units are intended to supplement, not 
replace, Accessible units or Type A units as speci- 
fied in this standard. 

This standard is intended for adoption by govern- 
ment agencies and by organizations setting model 
codes to achieve uniformity in the technical design 
criteria in building codes and other regulations. 

101.1 Applicability. Sites, facilities, buildings, and 
elements required to be accessible shall comply with 
the applicable provisions of Chapters 3 through 9. 

EXCEPTIONS: 

1 . Accessible units shall comply with Section 
1002. 

2. Type A units shall comply with Section 1 003. 

3. Type B units shall comply with Section 1 004. 

4. Dwelling units and sleeping units required 
to have accessible communication features 
shall comply with Section 1005. 

102 Anthropometric Provisions 

The technical criteria in this standard are based on 
adult dimensions and anthropometrics. This stan- 
dard also contains technical criteria based on chil- 
dren's dimensions and anthropometrics for drinking 



fountains, water closets, toilet compartments, lava- 
tories and sinks, dining surfaces and work surfaces. 

103 Compliance Alternatives 

Nothing in this standard is intended to prevent the 
use of designs, products, or technologies as alter- 
natives to those prescribed by this standard, pro- 
vided they result in equivalent or greater 
accessibility and such equivalency is approved by 
the administrative authority adopting this standard. 

104 Conventions 

104.1 General. Where specific criteria of this stan- 
dard differ from the general criteria of this standard, 
the specific criteria shall apply. 

104.2 Dimensions. Dimensions that are not stated 
as "maximum" or "minimum" are absolute. All 
dimensions are subject to conventional industry tol- 
erances. 

104.3 Figures. Unless specifically stated, figures 
included herein are provided for informational pur- 
poses only and are not considered part of the 
standard. 

104.4 Floor or Floor Surface. The terms floor or 
floor surface refer to the finish floor surface or 
ground surface, as applicable. 

104.5 Referenced Sections. Unless specifically 
stated otherwise, a reference to another section or 
subsection within this standard includes all subsec- 
tions of the referenced section or subsection. 

1 05 Referenced Standards 

105.1 General. The standards listed in Section 

105.2 shall be considered part of this standard to 
the prescribed extent of each such reference. 
Where criteria in this standard differ from those of 
these referenced standards, the criteria of this stan- 
dard shall apply. 

105.2 Standards. 

105.2.1 Manual on Uniform Traffic Control 
Devices: MUTCD - 2000 (The Federal Highway 
Administration, Office of Transportation Opera- 
tions, Room 3408, 400 7th Street, S.W., Wash- 
ington, DC 20590) 



Chapter 1 . Application and Administration 
Convention 



ICC/ANSI A11 7: 1-2003 



36 



915 



6^ 
150 



33-36 
I 840-915 1 



mm 

max 

> 

> 
< 
< 



Description 



dimension showing English units (in inches unless otherwise 
specified) above the line and SI units (in millimeters unless 
otherwise specified) below the line 



dimension for small measurements 

dimension showing a range with minimum - maximum 

minimum 

maximum 

greater than 

greater than or equal to 

less than 

less than or equal to 

boundary of clear floor space or maneuvering clearance 

centerline 

a permitted element or its extension 

direction of travel or approach 

a wall, floor, ceiling or other element cut in section or plan 

a highlighted element in elevation or plan 

location zone of element, control or feature 

Fig. 104.2 
Graphic Convention for Figures 



105.2.2 National Fire Alarm Code: NFPA 
72-2002 (National Fire Protection Association, 1 
Batterymarch Park, Quincy, MA 02269-9101) 

105.2.3 Power Assist and Low Energy Power 
Operated Doors: ANSI/BHMA A1 56.1 9-1 997 
(Builders Hardware Manufacturers' Association, 
355 Lexington Avenue, 1 7th Floor, New York, NY 
10017) 

105.2.4 Power Operated Pedestrian Doors: 

ANSI/BHMA A1 56.1 0-1 999 (Builders Hardware 
Manufacturers' Association, 355 Lexington Ave- 
nue, 17th Floor, New York, NY 10017) 



105.2.5 Safety Code for Elevators and Escala- 
tors: ASME/ANSI A1 7.1 -2000 and Addenda 
A17.1a-2002 (American Society of Mechanical 
Engineers International, Three Park Avenue, 
New York, NY 1 001 6-5990) 

1 05.2.6 Safety Standard for Platform Lifts and 
Stairway Chairlifts: ASME/ANSI A18.1-1999, 
with Addenda A18.1a-2001 and A18.1b - 2001 
(American Society of Mechanical Engineers 
International, Three Park Avenue, New York, NY 
10016-5990) 



ICC/ANSI A1 17. 1-2003 



Chapter 1 . Application and Administration 



106 Definitions 

106.1 General. For the purpose of this standard, 
the terms listed in Section 1 06.5 have the indicated 
meaning. 

106.2 Terms Defined in Referenced Standards. 

Terms specifically defined in a referenced standard, 
and not defined in this section, shall have the speci- 
fied meaning from the referenced standard. 

106.3 Undefined Terms. The meaning of terms not 
specifically defined in this standard or in a refer- 
enced standard shall be as defined by collegiate 
dictionaries in the sense that the context implies. 

106.4 Interchangeability. Words, terms, and 
phrases used in the singular include the plural, and 
those used in the plural include the singular. 

106.5 Defined Terms. 

accessible: Describes a site, building, facility, or 
portion thereof that complies with this standard. 

administrative authority: A jurisdictional body that 
adopts or enforces regulations and standards for 
the design, construction, or operation of buildings 
and facilities. 

characters: Letters, numbers, punctuation marks, 
and typographic symbols. 

children's use: Spaces and elements specifically 
designed for use primarily by people 12 years old 
and younger. 

circulation path: An exterior or interior way of pas- 
sage from one place to another for pedestrians. 

counter slope: Any slope opposing the running 
slope of a curb ramp. 

cross slope: The slope that is perpendicular to the 
direction of travel (see running slope). 

curb ramp: A short ramp cutting through a curb or 
built up to it. 

destination-oriented elevator system: An eleva- 
tor system that provides lobby controls for the selec- 
tion of destination floors, lobby indicators 
designating which elevator to board, and a car indi- 
cator designating the floors at which the car will 
stop. 

detectable warning: A standardized surface fea- 
ture built in or applied to floor surfaces to warn of 
hazards on a circulation path. 

dwelling unit: A single unit providing complete, 
independent living facilities for one or more persons 
including permanent provisions for living, sleeping, 
eating, cooking and sanitation. 



element: An architectural or mechanical compo- 
nent of a building, facility, space, or site. 

elevator car call sequential step scanning: A 

technology used to enter a car call by means of an 
up or down floor selection button. 

facility: All or any portion of a building, structure, or 
area, including the site on which such building, 
structure, or area is located, wherein specific ser- 
vices are provided or activities are performed. 

key surface: The surface or plane of any key or but- 
ton that must be touched to activate or deactivate an 
operable part or a machine function or enter data. 

marked crossing: A crosswalk or other identified 
path intended for pedestrian use in crossing a 
vehicular way. 

operable part: A component of an element used to 
insert or withdraw objects, or to activate, deactivate, 
or adjust the element. 

pictogram: A pictorial symbol that represents activ- 
ities, facilities, or concepts. 

ramp: A walking surface that has a running slope 
steeper than 1 :20. 

running slope: The slope that is parallel to the 
direction of travel (see cross slope). 

sign: An architectural element composed of dis- 
played textual, symbolic, tactile, or pictorial informa- 
tion. 

site: A parcel of land bounded by a property line or a 
designated portion of a public right-of-way. 

sleeping unit: A room or space in which people 
sleep that can also include permanent provisions 
for living, sleeping, eating, and either sanitation or 
kitchen facilities but not both. Such rooms and 
spaces that are also part of a dwelling unit are not 
sleeping units. 

tactile: Describes an object that can be perceived 
using the sense of touch. 

TTY: An abbreviation for teletypewriter. Equipment 
that employs interactive, text-based communica- 
tions through the transmission of coded signals 
across the standard telephone network. The term 
TTY also refers to devices known as text telephones 
and TDDs. 

vehicular way: A route provided for vehicular traf- 
fic. 

walk: An exterior pathway with a prepared surface 
for pedestrian use. 



ICC/ANSI A1 17. 1-2003 



Chapter 2. Scoping 



Chapter 2. Scoping 



201 General 

This standard provides technical criteria for making 
sites, facilities, buildings, and elements accessible. 
The administrative authority shall provide scoping 
provisions to specify the extent to which these tech- 
nical criteria apply. These scoping provisions shall 
address the application of this standard to: each 
building and occupancy type; new construction, 
alterations, temporary facilities, and existing build- 
ings; specific site and building elements; and to mul- 
tiple elements or spaces provided within a site or 
building. 



202 Dwelling and Sleeping Units 

Chapter 10 of this standard contains dwelling unit 
and sleeping unit criteria for Accessible units, Type 
A units, Type B units, and units with accessible com- 
munication features. The administrative authority 
shall specify, in separate scoping provisions, the 
extent to which these technical criteria apply. These 
scoping provisions shall address the types and 
numbers of units required to comply with each set of 
unit criteria. 

203 Administration 

The administrative authority shall provide an appro- 
priate review and approval process to ensure com- 
pliance with this standard. 



ICC/ANSI A1 17. 1-2003 



Chapter 3. Building Blocks 



Chapter 3. Building Blocks 



301 General 

301.1 Scope. The provisions of Chapter 3 shall 
apply where required by the scoping provisions 
adopted by the administrative authority or by Chap- 
ters 4 through 10. 

302 Floor Surfaces 

302.1 General. Floor surfaces shall be stable, firm, 
and slip resistant, and shall comply with Section 
302. Changes in level in floor surfaces shall comply 
with Section 303. 

302.2 Carpet. Carpet or carpet tile shall be securely 
attached and shall have a firm cushion, pad, or 
backing or no cushion or pad. Carpet or carpet tile 
shall have a level loop, textured loop, level cut pile, 
or level cut/uncut pile texture. The pile shall be Vg 
inch (1 3 mm) maximum in height. Exposed edges of 
carpet shall be fastened to the floor and shall have 
trim along the entire length of the exposed edge. 
Carpet edge trim shall comply with Section 303. 



V2 max 



predominant direction of travel 




Fig. 302.2 
Carpet on Floor Surfaces 

302.3 Openings. Openings in floor surfaces shall 
be of a size that does not permit the passage of a V2 
inch (13 mm) diameter sphere, except as allowed in 
Sections 407.4.3, 408.4.3, 409.4.3, 410.4, and 
805.10. Elongated openings shall be placed so that 
the long dimension is perpendicular to the dominant 
direction of travel. 

303 Changes in Level 

303.1 General. Changes in level in floor surfaces 
shall comply with Section 303. 

303.2 Vertical. Changes in level of V4 inch (6.4 mm) 
maximum in height shall be permitted to be vertical. 



long dimension 
perpendicular to 
direction of travel 




Fig. 302.3 
Openings in Floor Surfaces 



V4 max 




Fig. 303.2 
Carpet on Floor Surfaces 



303.3 Beveled. Changes in level greater than V4 
inch (6.4 mm) in height and not more than V2 inch 
(1 3 mm) maximum in height shall be beveled with a 
slope not steeper than 1 :2. 

Changes in level greater than Vg inch (13 mm) in 
height shall be ramped and shall comply with Sec- 
tion 405 or 406. 

304 Turning Space 

304.1 General. A turning space shall comply with 
Section 304. 

304.2 Floor Surface. Floor surfaces of a turning 
space shall have a slope not steeper than 1 :48 and 
shall comply with Section 302. 

304.3 Size. Turning spaces shall comply with Sec- 
tion 304.3.1 or 304.3.2. 



Chapter 3. Building Blocks 




V, 



>^^ 



(a) 



1/4- V: 




(b) 

Fig. 303.3 
Beveled Changes in Level 

^ 60 min - 



1525 



(a) Circular 



60 min 



1525 



'l^ ^ 



24 min t^ 
610 



V 



.L_. 



r-J-4 



I I 

36 min 



12 min 
305 



915 



tI^-t^ 



A 



12 min 



305 



(b) T-shaped 

Fig. 304.3 
Size of Turning Space 



304.3.1 Circular Space. The turning space shall 
be a circular space with a 60-inch (1525 mm) 
minimum diameter. The turning space shall be 
permitted to include knee and toe clearance 
complying with Section 306. 



ICC/ANSI A1 17. 1-2003 

304.3.2 T-Shaped Space. The turning space 
shall be a T-shaped space within a 60-inch (1 525 
mm) minimum square, with arms and base 36 
inches (91 5 mm) minimum in width. Each arm of 
the T shall be clear of obstructions 12 inches 
(305 mm) minimum in each direction, and the 
base shall be clear of obstructions 24 inches 
(610 mm) minimum. The turning space shall be 
permitted to include knee and toe clearance 
complying with Section 306 only at the end of 
either the base or one arm. 

304.4 Door Swing. Unless otherwise specified, 
doors shall be permitted to swing into turning 
spaces. 

305 Clear Floor Space 

305.1 General. A clear floor space shall comply 
with Section 305. 

305.2 Floor Surfaces. Floor surfaces of a clear 
floor space shall have a slope not steeper than 1 :48 
and shall comply with Section 302. 

305.3 Size. The clear floor space shall be 48 inches 
(1220 mm) minimum in length and 30 inches (760 
mm) minimum in width. 



48 min 




Fig. 305.3 
Size of Clear Floor Space 

305.4 Knee and Toe Clearance. Unless othenvise 
specified, clear floor space shall be permitted to 
include knee and toe clearance complying with 
Section 306. 

305.5 Position. Unless othenwise specified, the 
clear floor space shall be positioned for either for- 
ward or parallel approach to an element. 

305.6 Approach. One full, unobstructed side of the 
clear floor space shall adjoin or overlap an accessi- 
ble route or adjoin another clear floor space. 

305.7 Alcoves. If a clear floor space is in an alcove 
or otherwise confined on all or part of three sides, 
additional maneuvering clearances complying with 
Sections 305.7.1 and 305.7.2 shall be provided, as 
applicable. 



ICC/ANSI A1 17. 1-2003 



Chapter 3. Building Blocks 




760 
(a) Forward 




1220 
(b) Parallel 

Fig. 305.5 
Position of Clear Floor Space 



305.7.1 Parallel Approach. Where the clear 
floor space Is positioned for a parallel approach, 
the alcove shall be 60 inches (1525 mm) mini- 
mum in width where the depth exceeds 1 5 inches 
(380 mm). 

305.7.2 Forward Approach. Where the clear 
floor space is positioned for a forward approach, 
the alcove shall be 36 inches (91 5 mm) minimum 
in width where the depth exceeds 24 inches (61 
mm). 

306 Knee and Toe Clearance 

306.1 General. Where space beneath an element 
is included as part of clear floor space at an ele- 
ment, clearance at an element, or a turning space, 
the space shall comply with Section 306. Additional 
space beyond knee and toe clearance shall be per- 
mitted beneath elements. 

306.2 Toe Clearance. 

306.2.1 General. Space beneath an element 
between the floor and 9 inches (230 mm) above 
the floor shall be considered toe clearance and 
shall comply with Section 306.2. 



306.2.2 Maximum Depth. Toe clearance shall 
be permitted to extend 25 inches (635 mm) maxi- 
mum under an element. 

306.2.3 Minimum Depth. Where toe clearance 
is required at an element as part of a clear floor 
space, the toe clearance shall extend 17 inches 
(430 mm) minimum beneath the element. 

306.2.4 Additional Clearance. Space extend- 
ing greater than 6 inches (150 mm) beyond the 
available knee clearance at 9 inches (230 mm) 
above the floor shall not be considered toe clear- 
ance. 

306.2.5 Width. Toe clearance shall be 30 inches 
(760 mm) minimum in width. 

306.3 Knee Clearance. 

306.3.1 General. Space beneath an element 
between 9 inches (230 mm) and 27 inches (685 
mm) above the floor shall be considered knee 
clearance and shall comply with Section 306.3. 

306.3.2 Maximum Depth. Knee clearance shall 
be permitted to extend 25 inches (635 mm) maxi- 
mum under an element at 9 inches (230 mm) 
above the floor. 

306.3.3 Minimum Depth. Where knee clear- 
ance is required beneath an element as part of a 
clear floor space, the knee clearance shall be 1 1 




915 
(a) Forward Approach 




1525 
(b) Parallel Approach 

Fig. 305.7 
Maneuvering Clearance in an Alcove 



Chapter 3. Building Blocks 



ICC/ANSI A11 7. 1-2003 




230 




(a) 
Elevation 



430 - 635 



(b) 
Plan 



Fig. 306.2 
Toe Clearance 



8 min 





280 



(a) 
Elevation 



635 



(b) 
Plan 



Fig. 306.3 
Knee Clearance 



inches (280 mm) minimum in depth at 9 inches 
(230 mm) above the floor, and 8 inches (205 mm) 
minimum in depth at 27 inches (685 mm) above 
the floor. 

306.3.4 Clearance Reduction. Between 9 
Inches (230 mm) and 27 inches (685 mm) above 
the floor, the knee clearance shall be permitted to 
be reduced at a rate of 1 inch (25 mm) for each 6 
inches (150 mm) in height. 



306.3.5 Width. Knee clearance shall be 30 
inches (760 mm) minimum in width. 

307 Protruding Objects 

307.1 General. Protruding objects on circulation 
paths shall comply with Section 307. 

307.2 Protrusion Limits. Objects with leading 
edges more than 27 inches (685 mm) and not more 
than 80 inches (2030 mm) above the floor shall pro- 



10 



ICC/ANSI A1 17. 1-2003 



Chapter 3. Building Blocks 



trude 4 inches (100 mm) maximum horizontally into 
the circulation path. 

EXCEPTIONS: 

1 . Handrails shall be permitted to protrude 4 
Vg inches (115 mm) maximum. 

2. Door closers and door stops shall be per- 
mitted to be 78 inches (1 980 mm) minimum 
above the floor. 



4 max 




Fig. 307.2 
Limits of Protruding Objects 

307.3 Post-Mounted Objects. Objects on posts or 
pylons shall be permitted to overhang 4 inches (1 00 
mm) maximum where more than 27 inches (685 
mm) and not more than 80 inches (2030 mm) above 
the floor. Objects on multiple posts or pylons where 
the clear distance between the posts or pylons is 
greater than 1 2 inches (305 mm) shall have the low- 
est edge of such object either 27 inches (685 mm) 
maximum or 80 inches (2030 mm) minimum above 
the floor. 



^',<- 



4 max 
100 



t 



4 max 
100 



(a) 



4 max 
100 



4 max 

"loo" 



I 



4 max 
100 



4 max 
100 

-^T^- — 



x>12 



x>305 



;^^ 



-vj^ 



x>12 



x>305 



(b) 

Fig. 307.3 
Post-IVIounted Protruding Objects 




Fig. 307.4 
Reduced Vertical Clearance 



307.4 Reduced Vertical Clearance. Guardrails or 
other barriers shall be provided where object protru- 
sion is beyond the limits allowed by Sections 307.2 
and 307.3, and where the vertical clearance is less 
than 80 Jncheis (2030 mm) above the floor. The lead- 
ing edge of such guardrail or barrier shall be 27 
inches (685 mm) maximum above the floor. 

307.5 Required Clear Width. Protruding objects 
shall not reduce the clear width required for accessi- 
ble routes. 



308 Reach Ranges 

308.1 General. Reach ranges shall comply with 
Section 308. 

308.2 Forward Reach. 

308.2.1 Unobstructed. Where a fonward reach 
is unobstructed, the high forward reach shall be 
48 inches (1220 mm) maximum and the low for- 
ward reach shall be 15 inches (380 mm) mini- 
mum above the floor. 



11 



Chapter 3. Building Blocks 



ICC/ANSI A1 17.1-2003 




Fig. 308.2.1 
Unobstructed Forward Reach 



308.2.2 Obstructed High Reach. Where a high 
forward reach is over an obstruction, the clear 
floor space shall extend beneath the element for 
a distance not less than the required reach depth 
over the obstruction. The high fonA^ard reach 
shall be 48 inches (1220 mm) maximum where 
the reach depth is 20 inches (510 mm) maximum. 
Where the reach depth exceeds 20 inches (510 
mm), the high forward reach shall be 44 inches 
(1 120 mm) maximum, and the reach depth shall 
be 25 inches (635 mm) maximum. 

308.3 Side Reach. 

308.3.1 Unobstructed. Where a clear floor 
space allows a parallel approach to an element 
and the side reach is unobstructed, the high side 
reach shall be 48 inches (1220 mm) maximum 
and the low side reach shall be 15 inches (380 
mm) minimum above the floor. 

EXCEPTION: Existing elements shall be per- 
mitted at 54 inches (1370 mm) maximum 
above the floor. 

308.3.2 Obstructed High Reach. Where a clear 
floor space allows a parallel approach to an 
object and the high side reach is over an obstruc- 
tion, the height of the obstruction shall be 34 
inches (865 mm) maximum and the depth of the 
obstruction shall be 24 inches (610 mm) maxi- 
mum. The high side reach shall be 48 inches 
(1220 mm) maximum for a reach depth of 10 
inches (255 mm) maximum. Where the reach 
depth exceeds 1 inches (255 mm), the high side 
reach shall be 46 inches (1170 mm) maximum 
for a reach depth of 24 inches (610 mm) maxi- 
mum. 



(a) 



(b) ^ 




>510-635 



Fig. 308.2.2 
Obstructed High Forward Reach 




10 max. / 
255 

Fig. 308.3.1 
Unobstructed Side Reach 



309 Operable Parts 

309.1 General. Operable parts required to be 
accessible shall comply with Section 309. 

309.2 Clear Floor Space. A clear floor space com- 
plying with Section 305 shall be provided. 



12 



ICC/ANSI A1 17. 1-2003 



Chapter 3. Building Blocks 




255 



(a) 




255-610 



(b) 



Fig. 308.3.2 
Obstructed High Side Reach 



309.3 Height. Operable parts shall be placed within 
one or more of the reach ranges specified in Section 
308. 

309.4 Operation. Operable parts shall be operable 
with one hand and shall not require tight grasping, 
pinching, or twisting of the wrist. The force required 



to activate operable parts shall be 5.0 pounds (22.2 
N) maximum. 

EXCEPTION: Gas pump nozzles shall not be 
required to provide operable parts that have an 
activating force of 5.0 pounds (22.2 N) maximum. 



13 



14 



ICC/ANSI A1 17. 1-2003 



Chapter 4. Accessible Routes 



Chapter 4. Accessible Routes 



401 General 

401.1 Scope. Accessible routes required by the 
scoping provisions adopted by the administrative 
authority shall comply with the applicable provisions 
of Chapter 4. 

402 Accessible Routes 

402.1 General. Accessible routes shall comply with 
Section 402. 

402.2 Components. Accessible routes shall con- 
sist of one or more of the following components: 
Walking surfaces with a slope not steeper than 1 :20, 
doors and doorways, ramps, curb ramps excluding 
the flared sides, elevators, and platform lifts. All 
components of an accessible route shall comply 
with the applicable portions of this standard. 



402.3 Revolving Doors, Revolving Gates, and 
Turnstiles. Revolving doors, revolving gates, and 
turnstiles shall not be part of an accessible route. 

403 Walking Surfaces 

403.1 General. Walking surfaces that are a part of 
an accessible route shall comply with Section 403. 

403.2 Floor Surface. Floor surfaces shall comply 
with Section 302. 

403.3 Slope. The running slope of walking surfaces 
shall not be steeper than 1 :20. The cross slope of a 
walking surface shall not be steeper than 1 :48. 

403.4 Changes in Level. Changes in level shall 
comply with Section 303. 

403.5 Clear Width. Clear width of an accessible 
route shall comply with Table 403.5. 



Table 403.5 — Clear Width of an Accessible Route 



Segment Length 


Minimum Segment Width 


< 24 inches (610 mm) 


32 inches (815 mm)^ 


> 24 inches (610 mm) 


36 inches (915 mm) 



'' Consecutive segments of 32 inches (815 mm) in width must be separated by a route segment 48 inches (1220 mm) minimum in length 
and 36 inches (915 mm) minimum in width. 



tH- 



24 max 




610 



48 min 



1220 



-tK 



24 max 



610 





Fig. 403.5 
Clear Width of an Accessible Route 



15 



Chapter 4. Accessible Routes 



ICC/ANSI A1 17. 1-2003 



403.5.1 Clear Width at Turn. Where an accessi- 
ble route makes a 180 degree turn around an 
object that is less than 48 inches (1220 mm) in 
width, clear widths shall be 42 inches (1 065 mm) 
minimum approaching the turn, 48 inches (1220 
mm) minimum during the turn, and 42 inches 
(1065 mm) minimum leaving the turn. 

EXCEPTION: Section 403.5.1 shall not apply 
where the clear width at the turn is 60 inches 
(1525 mm) minimum. 

403.5.2 Passing Space. An accessible route 
with a clear width less than 60 inches (1 525 mm) 
shall provide passing spaces at intervals of 200 
feet (61 m) maximum. Passing spaces shall be 
either a 60 inch (1525 mm) minimum by 60 inch 
(1525 mm) minimum space, or an intersection of 
two walking surfaces that provide a T-shaped 
turning space complying with Section 304.3.2, 
provided the base and arms of the T-shaped 
space extend 48 inches (1220 mm) minimum 
beyond the intersection. 

403.6 Handrails. Where handrails are required at 
the side of a corridor they shall comply with Sec- 
tions 505.4 through 505.9. 




404 Doors and Doorways 

404.1 General. Doors and doorways that are part 
of an accessible route shall comply with Section 
404. 

404.2 Manual Doors. Manual doors and doonways, 
and manual gates, including ticket gates, shall com- 
ply with the requirements of Section 404.2. 

EXCEPTION: Doors, doorways, and gates 
designed to be operated only by security person- 
nel shall not be required to comply with Sections 
404.2.6, 404.2.7, and 404.2.8. 

404.2.1 Double-Leaf Doors and Gates. At least 
one of the active leaves of doorways with two 
leaves shall comply with Sections 404.2.2 and 
404.2.3. 

404.2.2 Clear Width. Doonways shall have a 
clear opening width of 32 inches (815 mm) mini- 
mum. Clear opening width of doonA/ays with 
swinging doors shall be measured between the 
face of door and stop, with the door open 90 
degrees. Openings, doors and doonways without 
doors more than 24 inches (610 mm) in depth 
shall provide a clear opening width of 36 inches 
(915 mm) minimum. There shall be no projec- 
tions into the clear opening width lower than 34 




X<48 / 



36 min 




36 min 


915 




915 



X<48 / 



1220 



1220 



(a) 
180 Degree Turn 



Fig. 403.5.1 
Clear Width at Turn 



(b) 

180 Degree Turn 

(Exception) 



16 



ICC/ANSI A11 7. 1-2003 



Chapter 4. Accessible Routes 



inches (865 mm) above the floor. Projections into 
the clear opening width between 34 inches (865 
mm) and 80 inches (2030 mm) above the floor 
shall not exceed 4 inches (100 mm). 

EXCEPTIONS: 

1. Door closers and door stops shall be 
permitted to be 78 inches (1980 mm) 
minimum above the floor. 

2. In alterations, a projection of % inch (16 
mm) maximum into the required clear 
opening width shall be permitted for the 
latch side stop. 



32min 




404.2.3 Maneuvering Clearances at Doors. 

Minimum maneuvering clearances at doors shall 
comply with Section 404.2.3 and shall include 
the full clear opening width of the doonway. 

404.2.3.1 Swinging Doors. Swinging doors 
shall have maneuvering clearances comply- 
ing with Table 404.2.3.1 . 

404.2.3.2 Sliding and Folding Doors. Sliding 
doors and folding doors shall have maneuver- 
ing clearances complying with Table 
404.2.3.2. 

32min 



815 



(b) Sliding Door 



(a) Hinged Door 



32min 



815 



(c) Folding Door 




36min 




915 



(d) Doorways without Doors 



Fig. 404.2.2 
Clear Width of Doorways 

Table 404.2.3.1 — Maneuvering Clearances at Manual Swinging Doors 



TYPE OF USE 


MlNliVIUiVl MANEUVERING CLEARANCES 


Approach 
Direction 


Door Side 


Perpendicular to Doorway 


Parallel to Doorway (beyond latch 
unless noted) 


From front 


Pull 


60 inches (1525 mm) 


18 inches (455 mm) 


From front 


Push 


48 inches (1220 mm) 


inches (0 mm)3 


From hinge side 


Pull 


60 inches (1525 mm) 


36 inches (915 mm) 


From hinge side 


Pull 


54 inches (1370 mm) 


42 inches (1065 mm) 


From hinge side 


Push 


42 inches (1065 mm)^ 


22 inches (560 mm)'*' 


From latch side 


Pull 


48 inches (1220 mm)^ 


24 Inches (610 mm) 


From latch side 


Push 


42 inches (1065 mm)^ 


24 inches (610 mm) 



^Add 6 inches (150 mm) if closer and latch provided. 

^Add 6 inches (150 mm) if closer provided. 

"^Add 12 inches (305 mm) beyond latch if closer and latch provided. 

'^Beyond hinge side. 



17 



Chapter 4. Accessible Routes 



ICC/ANSI All 7. 1-2003 




(a) Front Approach, Pull Side 




(c) Hinge Approach, Pull Side 

* If both closer and latch are provided 
"* 48 min (1220) if both closer and latch provided 



12 min* 



^^- — r 



305 



<^ 




22 min 
560 



(e) Hinge Approach, 
Push Side 



^ 



/ 



24 min 
610 



(g) Latch Approach, 
Push Side 



'If both closer and latch are provided 




(d) Hinge Approach, Pull Side 



"54 min (1370) if closer is provided 




(f) Latch Approach, Pull Side 




*48 min (1220) 
if closer is provided 



Fig. 404.2.3.1 
Maneuvering Clearance at Manual Swinging Doors 



18 



ICC/ANSI A11 7. 1-2003 



Chapter 4. Accessible Routes 



404.2.3.3 Doorways without Doors. Door- 
ways without doors that are less than 36 
inches (915 mm) in width shall have maneu- 
vering clearances complying with Table 
404.2.3.3 

404.2.3.4 Recessed Doors. Where any 
obstruction within 1 8 inches (455 mm) of the 
latch side of a doonway projects more than 8 
inches (205 mm) beyond the face of the door, 
measured perpendicular to the face of the 
door, maneuvering clearances for a forward 
approach shall be provided. 

404.2.3.5 Floor Surface. Floor surface within 
the maneuvering clearances shall have a 
slope not steeper than 1 :48 and shall comply 
with Section 302. 



404.2.4 Thresholds at Doorways. If provided, 
thresholds at doorways shall be Vg inch (13 mm) 
maximum in height. Raised thresholds and 
changes in level at doorways shall comply with 
Sections 302 and 303. 

EXCEPTION: Section 404.2.4 shall not apply 
to existing thresholds or altered thresholds y^ 
inch (19 mm) maximum in height that have a 
beveled edge on each side with a maximum 
slope of 1 :2 for the height exceeding V4 inch 
(6.4 mm). 

404.2.5 Two Doors in Series. Distance between 
two hinged or pivoted doors in series shall be 48 
inches (1220 mm) minimum plus the width of any 
door swinging into the space. The space 
between the doors shall provide a turning space 
complying with Section 304. 



Table 404.2.3.2 — Maneuvering Clearances at Sliding and Folding Doors 



Approach Direction 


MINIMUM MANEUVERING CLEARANCES 


Perpendicular to Doorway 


Parallel to Doorway (beyond stop or latch side unless 
noted) 


From front 


48 inches (1220 mm) 


inches (0 mm) 


From nonlatch side 


42 inches (1065 mm) 


22 inches (560 mm)^ 


From latch side 


42 inches (1065 mm) 


24 inches (610 mm) 



^Beyond pocket or hinge side. 



A 



4> 



22min 



560 



L-^^ 



c 
10 E 
CO t: 

O CM 



<^ 



24 min 



61 \ 



(a) Front Approach 



(b) Pocket or Hinge Approach 



(c) Stop or Latch Approach 



Fig. 404.2.3.2 
Maneuvering Clearance at Sliding and Folding Doors 



Table 404.2.3.3 — Maneuvering Clearances for Doorways without Doors 



Approach Direction 


MINIMUM MANEUVERING CLEARANCES 
Perpendicular to Doorway 


From front 


48 inches (1220 mm) 


From side 


42 inches (1065 mm) 



19 



Chapter 4. Accessible Routes 



ICC/ANSI A1 17. 1-2003 





M 



(a) 
Front Approach 



(b) 
Side Approach 



X>8 



Fig. 404.2.3.3 
Maneuvering Clearance at Doorways without Doors 




(a) 
Pull Side 




^r 



m^ 




(b) 
Push Side 



(c) 

Push Side, Door Provided 

with Both Closer and Latch 



Fig. 404.2.3.4 
Maneuvering Clearance at Recessed Doors 



20 



ICC/ANSI A1 17.1 -2003 



Chapter 4. Accessible Routes 



mm. Handles, pulls, latches, 
locks, and other operable parts on accessible 
doors shall have a shape that is easy to grasp 
with one hand and does not require tight grasp- 
ing, pinching, or twisting of the wrist to operate. 
Operable parts of such hardware shall be 34 
inches (865 mm) minimum and 48 inches (1220 
mm) maximum above the floor. Where sliding 
doors are in the fully open position, operating 
hardware shall be exposed and usable from both 
sides. 



Locks used only for security 
purposes and not used for normal operation 
are permitted in any location. 

404.2.7 Ciosieig Speed. 



.7.1 Dooir Closeirs. Door closers shall 
be adjusted so that from an open position of 
90 degrees, the time required to move the 
door to an open position of 12 degrees shall 
be 5 seconds minimum. 




(a) 




Q 5 




(C) 



Two Doors in a Series 



21 



Chapter 4. Accessible Routes 



ICC/ANSI A1 17. 1-2003 



ageSo Door spring hinges 
shall be adjusted so that from the open posi- 
tion of 70 degrees, the door shall move to the 
closed position in 1.5 seconds minimum. 



Power-assist and low-energy doors shall comply 
with ANSl/BHMA A1 56. 1 9 listed in Section 1 05.2.3. 



D@@r=©p©rai[ng Foree. Fire doors shall 
have the minimum opening force allowable by the 
appropriate administrative authority. The force 
for pushing or pulling open doors other than fire 
doors shall be as follows: 

1. Interior hinged door: 5.0 pounds (22.2 N) 
maximum 

2. Sliding or folding door: 5.0 pounds (22.2 N) 
maximum 

These forces do not apply to the force required to 
retract latch bolts or disengage other devices 
that hold the door in a closed position. 

404=2 J D@@ir Sydae®. Door surfaces within 10 
inches (255 mm) of the floor, measured vertically, 
shall be a smooth surface on the push side 
extending the full width of the door. Parts creating 
horizontal or vertical joints in such surface shall 
be within V^g '"ch (1 .6 mm) of the same plane as 
the other. Cavities created by added kick plates 
shall be capped. 

EXOEPTDONlSs 

1 . Sliding doors. 

2. Tempered glass doors without stiles and 
having a bottom rail or shoe with the top 
leading edge tapered at no less than 60 
degrees from the horizontal shall not be 
required to meet the 10 inch (255 mm) 
bottom rail height requirement. 

3. Doors that do not extend to within 10 
inches (255 mm) of the floor. 

404=2.10 Visiooi LSites= Doors and sidelites adja- 
cent to doors containing one or more glazing 
panels that permit viewing through the panels 
shall have the bottom of at least one pane! on 
either the door or an adjacent sidelite 43 inches 
(1090 mm) maximum above the floor. 

EICEPTiQNi: Vision tites with the lowest part 
more than 66 inches (1675 mm) above the 
floor are not required to comply with Section 
.2.10. 



i© D@@rs= Automatic doors and 
automatic gates shall comply with Section 404.3. 
Full powered automatic doors shall comply with 
ANSI/BHiViA A1 56.10 listed in Section 105.2.4. 



Doors, doorways, and gates 
designed to be operated only by security person- 
nel shall not be required to comply with Sections 
404.3.2, 404.3.4, and 404.3.5. ^ 

404JJ Clear Opening Width. Doom^ays shall 
have a clear opening width of 32 inches (815 
mm) in power-on and power-off mode. The mini- 
mum clear opening width for automatic door sys- 
tems shall be based on the clear opening width 
provided with all leafs in the open position. 



=2 SWaneuvering Clearsisices= Maneuver- 
ing clearances at power-assisted doors shall 
comply with Section 404.2.3. 



J ThresiiQtds. Thresholds and changes in 
level at doorways shall comply with Section 
k2.4. 



Doors in series 
shall comply with Section 404.2.5. 



.5 Control Switches. iVlanually operated 
control switches shall comply with Section 309. 
The clear floor space adjacent to the control 
switch shall be located beyond the arc of the door 
swing. 



405=1 General. Ramps along accessible routes 
shall comply with Section 405. 

405.2 Slope. Ramp runs shall have a running slop© 
not steeper than 1:12. 



In existing buildings or facilities, 
ramps shall be permitted to have slopes steeper 
than 1:12 complying with Table 405.2 where 
such slopes are necessary due to space limita- 
tions. 

405=3 ©r©ss Slope. Cross slope of ramp runs shall 
not be steeper than 1 :48. 

405.4 Floor Surfaces. Floor surfaces of ramp runs 
shall comply with Section 302. 

405.5 Clear Width. The clear width of a ramp run 
shall be 36 inches (915 mm) minimum. Where 
handrails are provided on the ramp run, the clear 
width shall be measured between the handrails. 

405=6 Rise. The rise for any ramp run shall be 30 
inches (760 mm) maximum. 



22 



ICC/ANSI A11 7. 1-2003 



Chapter 4. Accessible Routes 



Table 405=2=. 



l2s5stBBiig Stes, Byildings, arad Faeiiife 



, Slope^ 


iyiaMimum Rise 


Steeper than 1 : 1 but not steeper than 1 :8 


3 inches (75 mm) 


Steeper than 1 :12 but not steeper than 1:10 


6 inches (150 mm) 



^ A slope steeper than 1 :8 shall not be permitted. 



4©S J Lsinidiings. Ramps shall have landings at bot- 
tom and top of each ramp run. Landings shall com- 
ply with Section 405.7. 



= Landings shall have a slope not 
:48 and shall comply with Section 



steeper than 
302. 



405 J.2 Width. Clear width of landings shall be at 
least as wide as the widest ramp run leading to 
the landing. 



405.7.3 LemigttiTi. Landings shall have a 
length of 60 inches (1525 mm) minimum. 



clear 



ig© m Dsreettiioo. Ramps that 
change direction at ramp landings shall be sized 
to provide a turning space complying with Sec- 
tion 304.3. 



405.7.5 Doorways. Where doonways are adja- 
cent to a ramp landing, maneuvering clearances 
required by Sections 404.2.3 and 404.3.2 shall 
be permitted to overlap the landing area. Where 
doors that are subject to locking are adjacent to a 
ramp landing, landings shall be sized to provide a 
turning space complying with Section 304.3. 



4©5.@ Edge ProtectiiODii, Edge protection comply- 
ing with Section 405.9.1 or 405.9.2 shall be pro- 
vided on each side of ramp runs and at each side of 
ramp landings. 



1. Ramps not required to have handrails 
where curb ramp flares complying with 
Section 406.3 are provided. 

2. Sides of ramp landings serving an adjoin- 
ing ramp run or stairway. 

3. Sides of ramp landings having a vertical 
drop-off of V2 inch (13 mm) maximum within 
1 inches (255 mm) horizontally of the mini- 
mum landing area. 

405.9.1 Ejctemided Floor Siuirfae©. The floor sur- 
face of the ramp run or ramp landing shall extend 
12 inches (305 mm) minimum beyond the inside 
face of a railing complying with Section 505. 



Ramp runs with a rise greater 
than 6 inches (150 mm) shall have handrails com- 
plying with Section 505. 

60 min 



1525 



landing 



ramp run 



r BarrieiT. A curb or barrier shall 
be provided that prevents the passage of a 4-inch 
(100 mm) diameter sphere where any portion of 
the sphere is within 4 inches (100 mm) of the 
floor. 

405.10 Wet Comiditooinis. Landings subject to wet 
conditions shall be designed to prevent the accu- 
mulation of water. 



60 min 



1525 



landing 



at least as wide as ramp run 



(a) 





, 60 min 




"7 


1525 ' 












, ramp run 




c 


in 




landing 


b 




CM 
10 




1— 






ramp 








run 






_ 


— J^ — 


_ 





(b) 



3me 



23 



Chapter 4. Accessible Routes 



ICC/ANSI A1 17. 1-2003 



12min 
305 







L 



12min 
305 





X <4 
.^^ x<100 



(a) Extonded Surface 



Cuirb or Barrier 



Fig. 405.9 
IRamp Edge Protectioni 



.1 GeoeiraiL Curb ramps on accessible routes 
shall comply with Sections 406, 405.2, 405.3, and 
405.10. 



jr Slope. Counter slopes of adjoining 
gutters and road surfaces immediately adjacent to 
the curb ramp shall not be steeper than 1 :20. The 
adjacent surfaces at transitions at curb ramps to 
walks, gutters and streets shall be at the same level. 

406.3 S5d©s of Cyirb Ramps. Where provided, curb 
ramp' flares shall not be steeper than 1':10. 



I. Curb ramps shall be 36 inches (915 
mm) minimum in width, exclusive of flared sides. 

406.5 Floor Syrface, Floor surfaces of curb ramps 
shall comply with Section 302. 



5.6 Locattloo. Curb ramps and the flared sides of 
curb ramps shall be located so they do not project 
into vehicular traffic lanes, parking spaces, or park- 
ing access aisles. Curb ramps at marked crossings 
shall be wholly contained within the markings, 
excluding any flared sides. 



.7 LaodBimgs. Landings shall be provided at the 
tops of curb ramps. The clear length of the landing 
shall be 36 inches (915 mm) minimum. The clear 



adjoining surface 
maximum slope 



curb ramp maximum 




Coynter Sljope 



Fig. 406.2 
Syrlfaces Adfacent to 




flared sides 1:10 max slope 

Fog. 406.3. 



24 



ICC/ANSI A1 17. 1-2003 



Chapter 4. Accessible Routes 



width of the landing shall be at least as wide as the 
curb ramp, excluding flared sides, leading to the 
landing. 

EXCEPTION: In alterations, where there is no 
landing at the top of curb ramps, curb ramp flares 
shall be provided and shall not be steeper than 
1:12. 

406.8 Obstructions. Curb ramps shall be located 
or protected to prevent their obstruction by parked 
vehicles. 

406.9 Handrails. Handrails are not required on 
curb ramps. 

406.10 Diagonal Curb Ramps. Diagonal or cor- 
ner-type curb ramps with returned curbs or other 
well-defined edges shall have the edges parallel to 
the direction of pedestrian flow. The bottoms of 
diagonal curb ramps shall have 48 inches (1220 
mm) minimum clear space outside active traffic 
lanes of the roadway. Diagonal curb ramps provided 
at marked crossings shall provide the 48 inches 
(1220 mm) minimum clear space within the mark- 
ings. Diagonal curb ramps with flared sides shall 
have a segment of curb 24 inches (610 mm) mini- 
mum in length on each side of the curb ramp and 
within the marked crossing. 

406.11 Islands. Raised islands in crossings shall 
be a cut-through level with the street or have curb 
ramps at both sides. Each curb ramp shall have a 
level area 48 inches (1220 mm) minimum in length 
and 36 inches (915 mm) minimum in width at the top 
of the curb ramp in the part of the island intersected 
by the crossings. Each 48-inch (1220 mm) by 
36-inch (915 mm) area shall be oriented so the 



48-inch (1220 mm) length is in the direction of the 
running slope of the curb ramp it serves. The 
48-inch (1220 mm) by 36-inch (915 mm) areas and 
the accessible route shall be permitted to overlap. 

406.12 Detectable Warnings at Raised Marked 
Crossings. Marked crossings that are raised to the 
same level as the adjoining sidewalk shall be pre- 
ceded by a 24-inch (610 mm) deep detectable 
warning complying with Section 705, extending the 
full width of the marked crossing. 

406.13 Detectable Warnings at Curb Ramps. 

Where detectable warnings are provided on curb 
ramps, they shall comply with Sections 406.13 and 
705. 

406.13.1 Area Covered. Detectable warnings 
shall be 24 inches (610 mm) minimum in the 
direction of travel and extend the full width of the 
curb ramp or flush surface. 

406.13.2 Location. The detectable warning 
shall be located so the edge nearest the curb line 
is 6 inches (150 mm) to 8 inches (205 mm) from 
the curb line. 

406.14 Detectable Warnings at Islands or 
Cut-through Medians. Where detectable warnings 
are provided on curb ramps or at raised marked 
crossings leading to islands or cut-through medi- 
ans, the island or cut-through median shall also be 
provided with detectable warnings complying with 
Section 705, are 24 inches (610 mm) in depth, and 
extend the full width of the pedestrian route or 
cut-through. Where such island or cut-through 
median is less than 48 inches (1220 mm) in depth. 




(a) 



(b) 



Fig. 406.10 
Diagonal Curb Ramps 



25 



Chapter 4. Accessible Routes 



ICC/ANSI A1 17. 1-2003 



v- 



, 32-36 min 


1 










815- 915 
(Section 403.5) 




J=^ 








1 




(a) 
Cut-through at Island 



(b) 
Curb Ramp at Island 



Fig. 406.11 
Islands 



the entire width and depth of the pedestrian route or 
cut-through shall have detectable warnings. 

407 Elevators 

407.1 General. Elevators shall comply with Section 
407 and ASME A1 7.1 listed in Section 1 05.2.5. Ele- 
vators shall be passenger elevators as classified by 
ASME A1 7.1 . Elevator operation shall be automatic. 

407.2 Elevator Landing Requirements. Elevator 
landings shall comply with Section 407.2. 

407.2.1 Call Controls. Where elevator call but- 
tons or keypads are provided, they shall comply 
with Sections 407.2.1 and 309.4. Call buttons 
shall be raised or flush. Objects beneath hall call 
buttons shall protrude 1 inch (25 mm) maximum. 

EXCEPTIONS: 

1 . Existing elevators shall be permitted to 
have recessed call buttons. 

2. The restriction on objects beneath call 
buttons shall not apply to existing call 
buttons. 

407.2.1.1 Height. Call buttons and keypads 
shall be located within one of the reach ranges 
specified in Section 308, measured to the cen- 
terline of the highest operable part. 

EXCEPTION: Existing call buttons and 
existing keypads shall be permitted to be 



located 54 inches (1370 mm) maximum 
above the floor, measured to the centerline 
of the highest operable part. 



*54 max (1370) 
for existing 




Fig. 407.2.1.1 
Height of Elevator Call Buttons 

407.2.1.2 Size. Call buttons shall be % inch 
(19 mm) minimum in the smallest dimension, 

EXCEPTION: Existing elevator call buttons 
shall not be required to comply with Section 
407.2.1.2. 



26 



ICC/ANSI A1 17.1 -2003 



Chapter 4. Accessible Routes 



407.2.1 .3 Clear Floor Space. A clear floor 
space complying with Section 305 shall be 
provided at call controls. 

407.2.1.4 Location. The call button that des- 
ignates the up direction shall be located above 
the call button that designates the down direc- 
tion. 

EXCEPTION: Destination-oriented eleva- 
tors shall not be required to comply with 
Section 407.2.1.4. 

407.2.1 .5 Signals. Call buttons shall have vis- 
ible signals to indicate when each call is regis- 
tered and when each call is answered. 

EXCEPTIONS: 

1. Destination-oriented elevators shall 
not be required to comply with Sec- 
tion 407.2.1.5, provided visible and 
audible signals complying with Sec- 
tion 407.2.1 .7 are provided. 

2. Existing elevators shall not be 
required to comply with Section 
407.2.1.5. 

407.2.1 .6 Keypads. Where keypads are pro- 
vided, keypads shall be in a standard tele- 
phone keypad arrangement and shall comply 
with Section 407.4.7.2. 

407.2.1.7 Destination-oriented Elevator 
Signals. Destination-oriented elevators shall 
be provided with visible and audible signals to 
indicate which car is responding to a call. The 
audible signal shall be activated by pressing a 
function button. The function button shall be 



identified by the International Symbol for 
Accessibility and tactile indication. The Inter- 
national Symbol for Accessibility, complying 
with Section 703.6.3.1, shall be % inch (16 
mm) in height and be a visual character com- 
plying with Section 703.2. The tactile indica- 
tion shall be three raised dots, spaced V4 Inch 
(6.4 mm) at base diameter, in the form of an 
equilateral triangle. The function button shall 
be located immediately below the keypad 
arrangement or floor buttons. 

407.2.2 Hall Signals. Hall signals, including 
in-car signals, shall comply with Section 407.2.2. 

407.2.2.1 Visible and Audible Signals. A vis- 
ible and audible signal shall be provided at 
each hoistway entrance to indicate which car 
is answering a call and the car's direction of 
travel. Where in-car signals are provided they 
shall be visible from the floor area adjacent to 
the hall call buttons. 

EXCEPTIONS: 

1. Destination-oriented elevators shall 
not be required to comply with Sec- 
tion 407.2.2.1, provided visible and 
audible signals complying with Sec- 
tion 407.2. 1 .7 are provided. 

2. In existing elevators, a signal indicat- 
ing the direction of car travel shall not 
be required. 

407.2.2.2 Visible Signals. Visible signal fix- 
tures shall be centered at 72 inches (1830 
mm) minimum above the floor. The visible sig- 
nal elements shall be 2V2 inches (64 mm) min- 
imum measured along the vertical centerline 




Visual and tactile Information 




Tactile information 



60 degree (typ) for 
equilateral triangle 

© 



Fig. 407.2.1.7 
Destination-oriented Elevator Indication 



27 



Chapter 4. Accessible Routes 



ICC/ANSI A1 17. 1-2003 



of the element. Signals shall be visible from 
the floor area adjacent to the hall call button. 

EXCEPTIONS: 

1. Destination-oriented elevators shall 
be permitted to have signals visible 
from the floor area adjacent to the 
hoistway entrance. 

2. Existing elevators shall not be 
required to comply with Section 
407.2.2.2. 

407.2.2.3 Audible Signals. Audible signals 
shall sound once for the up direction and twice 
for the down direction, or shall have verbal 
annunciators that indicate the direction of ele- 
vator car travel. Audible signals shall have a 
frequency of 1500 Hz maximum. Verbal 
annunciators shall have a frequency of 300 Hz 
minimum and 3,000 Hz maximum. The audi- 
ble signal or verbal annunciator shall be 10 
dBA minimum above ambient, but shall not 
exceed 80 dBA, measured at the hall call but- 
ton. 



1. Destination-oriented elevators shall 
not be required to comply with Sec- 
tion 407.2.2.3, provided the audible 
tone and verbal announcement is the 
same as those given at the call button 
or call button keypad. 

2. The requirement for the frequency 
and range of audible signals shall not 
apply in existing elevators. 




'.2.2.4 Differentiation. Each destina- 
tion-oriented elevator in a bank of elevators 
shall have audible and visible means for differ- 
entiation. 

407.2.3 Hoistway Signs. Signs at elevator 
hoistways shall comply with Section 407.2.3. 

407.2.3.1 Floor Designation. Floor designa- 
tions shall be provided in tactile characters 
complying with Section 703.3 located on both 
jambs of elevator hoistway entrances. Tactile 
characters shall be 2 inches (51 mm) mini- 
mum in height. A tactile star shall be provided 
on both jambs at the main entry level. 

407.2.3.2 Car Designations. Destination-ori- 
ented elevators shall provide car identification 
in tactile characters corriplying with Section 
703.3 located on both jambs of the hoistway 
immediately below the floor designation. Tac- 
tile characters shall be 2 inches (51 mm) mini- 
mum in height. 

407.2.4 Destination Signs. Where signs indi- 
cate that elevators do not serve all landings, 
signs in tactile characters complying with Section 
703.3 shall be provided above the hall call button 
fixture. 

EXCEPTION: Destination oriented elevator 
systems shall not be required to comply with 
Section 407.2.4. 

407.3 Elevator Door Requirements. Hoistway and 
elevator car doors shall comply with Section 407.3. 



CM 







o 

D 




\ 
s 



A 
V 


i 


"s 



(b) Size of Signals 



Fig. 407.2.2.2 
Elevator Visible Signals 



28 



ICC/ANSI A1 17. 1-2003 



Chapter 4. Accessible Routes 



407.3.1 Type. Elevator doors shall be horizontal 
sliding type. Car gates shall be prohibited. 

407.3.2 Operation. Elevator hoistway and car 
doors shall open and close automatically. 

EXCEPTION: Existing manually operated 
hoistway swing doors shall be permitted, pro- 
vided: 

a) they comply with Sections 404.2.2 and 
404.2.8; 

b) the car door closing is not initiated until 
the hoistway door is closed. 

407.3.3 Reopening Device. Elevator doors shall 
be provided with a reopening device complying 
with Section 407.3.3 that shall stop and reopen a 
car door and hoistway door automatically if the 
door becomes obstructed by an object or person. 

EXCEPTION: In existing elevators, manually 
operated doors shall not be required to com- 
ply with Section 407.3.3. 

407.3.3.1 Height. The reopening device shall 
be activated by sensing an obstruction pass- 
ing through the opening at 5 inches (125 mm) 
nominal and 29 inches (735 mm) nominal 
above the floor. 

407.3.3.2 Contact. The reopening device 
shall not require physical contact to be acti- 



vated, although contact shall be permitted 
before the door reverses. 

407.3.3.3 Duration. The reopening device shall 
remain effective for 20 seconds minimum. 

407.3.4 Door and Signal Timing. The minimum 
acceptable time from notification that a car is 
answering a call until the doors of that car start to 
close shall be calculated from the following equa- 
tion: 

T = D/(1 .5 ft/s) or T = D/(455 mm/s) = 5 seconds 
minimum, where T equals the total time in sec- 
onds and D equals the distance (in feet or milli- 
meters) from the point in the lobby or corridor 60 
inches (1525 mm) directly in front of the farthest 
call button controlling that car to the centerline of 
its hoistway door. 

EXCEPTIONS: 

1 . For cars with in-car lanterns, T shall be 
permitted to begin when the signal is vis- 
ible from the point 60 inches (1525 mm) 
directly in front of the farthest hall call 
button and the audible signal is 
sounded. 

2. Destination-oriented elevators shall not 
be required to comply with Section 
407.3.4. 

407.3.5 Door Delay. Elevator doors shall remain 
fully open in response to a car call for 3 seconds 
minimum. 





Fig. 407.2.3.1 
Floor Designation 



Fig. 407.2.3.2 
Designation-oriented Elevator Car Identification 



29 



Chapter 4. Accessible Routes 



ICC/ANSI All 7. 1-2003 



407.3.6 Width. Elevator door clear opening width 
shall comply with Table 407.4.1 . 

EXCEPTION: In existing elevators, a 
power-operated car door complying with Sec- 
tion 404.2.2 shall be permitted. 

407.4 Elevator Car Requirements. Elevator cars 
shall comply with Section 407.4. 

407.4.1 Car Dimensions. Inside dimensions of 
elevator cars shall comply with Table 407.4.1 . 

EXCEPTION: Existing elevator car configura- 
tions that provide a clear floor area of 16 
square feet (1.5 m^) minimum, and provide a 
clear inside dimension of 36 inches (915 mm) 
minimum in width and 54 inches (1370 mm) 
minimum in depth, shall be permitted. 

407.4.2 Floor Surfaces. Floor surfaces in eleva- 
tor cars shall comply with Section 302. 

407.4.3 Platform to Hoistway Clearance. The 

clearance between the car platform sill and the 
edge of any hoistway landing shall be in compli- 
ance with ASME/ANSI A17.1 listed in Section 
105.2.5. 

407.4.4 Leveling. Each car shall be equipped 
with a self-leveling feature that will automatically 
bring arid maintain the car at floor landings within 
a tolerance of V2 inch (13 mm) under rated load- 
ing to zero loading conditions. 

407.4.5 Illumination. The level of illumination at 
the car controls, platform, car threshold and car 



landing sill shall be 5 foot-candles (54 lux) mini- 
mum. 

407.4.6 Elevator Car Controls. Where pro- 
vided, elevator car controls shall comply with 
Sections 407.4.6 and 309. 

EXCEPTION: In existing elevators, where a 
new car operating panel complying with Sec- 
tion 407.4.6 is provideid, existing car operating 
panels shall not be required to comply with 
Section 407.4.6. 

407.4.6.1 Location. Controls shall be located 
within one of the reach ranges specified in 
Section 308. 

EXCEPTIONS: 

1. Where the elevator panel serves 
more than 1 6 openings and a parallel 
approach to the controls is provided, 
buttons with floor designations shall 
be permitted to be 54 inches (1370 
mm) maximum above the floor. 

2. In existing elevators, where a parallel 
approach is provided to the controls, 
car control buttons with floor designa- 
tions shall be permitted to be located 
54 inches (1370 mm) maximum 
above the floor. Where the panel is 
changed, it shall comply with Section 
407.4.6.1. 



Table 407.4.1 — Minimum Dimensions of Elevator Cars^ 



Door Location 


Door Clear 
Opening Width 


Inside Car, Side to 
Side 


Inside Car, Back 
Wall to Front Return 


Inside Car, Back 

Wall to Inside Face 

of Door 


Centered 


42 inches 
(1065 mm) 


80 inches 
(2030 mm) 


51 inches 
(1295 mm) 


54 inches 
(1370 mm) 


Side (Off Center) 


36 inches 
(915 mm)' 


68 inches 
(1725 mm) 


51 inches 
(1295 mm) 


54 inches 
(1370 mm) 


Any 


36 inches 
(915 mm)' 


54 inches 
(1370 mm) 


80 inches 
(2030 mm) 


80 inches 
(2030 mm) 


Any 


36 inches 
(915 mm)' 


60 inches 
(1525 mm)' 


60 inches 
(1525 mm)' 


60 inches 
(1525 mm)' 



^A tolerance of minus % inch (16 mm) is permitted. 

^Other car configurations that provide a 36-inch (915 mm) door clear opening width and a turning space complying with Section 304 with 

the door closed are permitted. 



30 



ICC/ANSI A1 17. 1-2003 



Chapter 4. Accessible Routes 



80min 




68 min 



L 42 min L 
1065 

(a) Centered Door Location 




915 



(b) Side (Off-Centered Door) Location 



36 min 



54 min 




915 
(c) Any Door Location 



60 min 




915 
(d) Any Door Location 



(e) Existing Car Configurations 



I 



Fig. 407.4.1 
Inside Dimensions of Elevator Cars 



31 



Chapter 4. Accessible Routes 



ICC/ANSI A1 17.1 -2003 



407.4.6.2 Buttons. Car control buttons with 
floor designations shall be raised or flush, and 
shall comply with Section 407.4.6.2. 

EXCEPTION: In existing elevators, buttons 
shall be permitted to be recessed. 




Fig. 407.4.6.2 
Elevator Car Control Buttons 

407.4.6.2.1 Size. Buttons shall be ^U inch 
(1 9 mm) minimum in their smallest dimen- 
sion. 

407.4.6.2.2 Arrangement. Buttons shall 
be arranged with numbers in ascending 
order. Floors shall be designated ... -4, -3, 
-2, -1, 0, 1, 2, 3, 4, et cetera, with floors 
below the main entry floor designated with 
minus numbers. Numbers shall be permit- 
ted to be omitted, provided the remaining 
numbers are in sequence. Where a tele- 
phone keypad arrangement is used, the 
number key ("#") shall be utilized to enter 
the minus symbol ("-"). When two or more 
columns of buttons are provided they shall 
read from left to right. 

407.4.6.3 Keypads. Car control keypads shall 
be in a standard telephone keypad arrange- 
ment and shall comply with Section 407.4.7.2. 

407.4.6.4 Emergency Controls. Emergency 
controls shall comply with Section 407.4.6.4. 

407.4.6.4.1 Height. Emergency control 
buttons shall have their centerlines 35 
inches (890 mm) minimum above the floor. 



407.4.6.4.2 Location. Emergency con- 
trols, including the emergency alarm, shall 
be grouped at the bottom of the panel. 

407.4.7 Designations and Indicators of Car 
Controls. Designations and indicators of car 
controls shall comply with Section 407.4.7. 

EXCEPTIONS: 

1. In existing elevators, where a new car 
operating panel complying with Section 
407.4.7 is provided, existing car operat- 
ing panels shall not be required to com- 
ply with Section 407.4.7. 

2. Where existing building floor designa- 
tions differ from the arrangement 
required by Section 407.4.6.2.2, or are 
alphanumeric, a new operating panel 
shall be permitted to use such existing 
building floor designations. 

407.4.7.1 Buttons. Car control buttons shall 
comply with Section 407.4.7.1 . 

407.4.7.1.1 Type. Control buttons shall be 
identified by tactile characters complying 
with Section 703.3. 

407.4.7.1.2 Location. Tactile character 
and braille designations shall be placed 
immediately to the left of the control button 
to which the designations apply. Where a 
negative number is used to indicate a nega- 
tive floor, the braille designation shall be a 
cell with the dots 3 and 6 followed by the 
ordinal number. 

EXCEPTION: Where space on an exist- 
ing car operating panel precludes tactile 
markings to the left of the control button, 
markings shall be placed as near to the 
control button as possible. 

407.4.7.1.3 Symbols. The control button 
for the emergency stop, alarm, door open, 
door close, main entry floor, and phone, 
shall be identified with tactile symbols as 
shown in Table 407.4.7.1 .3. 

407.4.7.1.4 Visible Indicators. Buttons 
with floor designations shall be provided 
with visible indicators to show that a call 
has been registered. The visible indication 
shall extinguish when the car arrives at the 
designated floor. 

407.4.7.2 Keypads. Keypads shall be identi- 
fied by visual characters complying with Sec- 



32 



ICC/ANSI A11 7. 1-2003 



Chapter 4. Accessible Routes 



tion 703.2 and shall be centered on the 
corresponding keypad button. The number 
five key shall have a single raised dot. The dot 
shall have a base diameter of 0.118 inch (3 
mm) minimum to 0.120 inch (3.05 mm) maxi- 
mum, and a height of 0.025 inch (0.6 mm) min- 
imum to 0.037 inch (0.9 mm) maximum. 

407.4.8 Elevator Car Call Sequential Step 
Scanning. Elevator car call sequential step 
scanning shall be provided where car control but- 
tons are provided more than 48 inches (1220 
mm) above the floor, as permitted by Section 
407.4.6.1 , Exception #1 . Floor selection shall be 
accomplished by applying momentary or con- 
stant pressure to the up or down scan button. The 
up scan button shall sequentially select floors 
above the current floor. The down scan button 
shall sequentially select floors below the current 
floor. When pressure is removed from the up or 
down scan button for more than 2 seconds, the 
last floor selected shall be registered as a car 
call. The up and down scan button shall be 
located adjacent to or immediately above the 
emergency control buttons. 

407.4.9 Car Position Indicators. Audible and 
visible car position indicators shall be provided in 
elevator cars. 

407.4.9.1 Visible Indicators. Visible indica- 
tors shall comply with Section 407.4.9.1. 

407.4.9.1.1 Size. Characters shall be Vg 
inch (13 mm) minimum in height. 

407.4.9.1.2 Location. Indicators shall be 
located above the car control panel or 
above the door. 

407.4.9.1.3 Floor Arrival. As the car 

passes a floor and when a car stops at a 
floor served by the elevator, the corre- 
sponding character shall illuminate. 

EXCEPTION: Destination-oriented ele- 
vators shall not be required to comply 
with Section 407.4.9.1.3, provided the 
visible indicators extinguish when the 
call has been answered. 

407.4.9.1.4 Destination Indicator. In des- 
tination-oriented elevators, a display shall 
be provided in the car with visible indicators 
to show car destinations. 

407.4.9.2 Audible Indicators. Audible indica- 
tors shall comply with Section 407.4.9.2. 

407.4.9.2.1 Signal Type. The signal shall 
be an automatic verbal annunciator that 



announces the floor at which the car is 
about to stop. The verbal announcement 
indicating the floor shall be completed prior 
to the initiation of the door opening. 

EXCEPTION: For elevators other than 
destination-oriented elevators that have 
a rated speed of 200 feet per minute (1 
m/s) or less, a non-verbal audible signal 
with a frequency of 1500 Hz maximum 
that sounds as the car passes or is about 
to stop at a floor served by the elevator 
shall be permitted. 

407.4.9.2.2 Signal Level. The verbal 
annunciator shall be 10 dBA minimum 
above ambient, but shall not exceed 80 
dBA, measured at the annunciator. 

407.4.9.2.3 Frequency. The verbal annun- 
ciator shall have a frequency of 300 Hz min- 
imum to 3,000 Hz maximum. 

407.4.10 Emergency Communications. Emer- 
gency two-way communication systems 
between the elevator car and a point outside the 
hoistway shall comply with Section 407.4.1 and 
ASME/ANSI A17.1 listed in Section 105.2.5. 

407.4.10.1 Heiglit. The highest operable part 
of a two-way communication system shall 
comply with Section 308. 

407.4.10.2 Identification. Tactile characters 
complying with Section 703.3 and symbols 
complying with Section 407.4.7.1.3 shall be 
provided adjacent to the device. 

408 Limlted-Use/Limited-Application Elevators 

408.1 General. Limited-use/limited-application ele- 
vators shall comply with Section 408 and ASME 
A17.1 listed in Section 105.2.5. Elevator operation 
shall be automatic. 

408.2 Elevator Landing Requirements. Landings 
serving limited-use/limited application elevators 
shall comply with Section 408.2. 

408.2.1 Call Controls. Elevator call buttons and 
keypads shall comply with Section 407.2.1 . 

408.2.2 Hall Signals. Hall signals shall comply 
with Section 407.2.2. 

408.2.3 Hoistway Signs. Signs at elevator 
hoistways shall comply with Section 407.2.3. 

408.3 Elevator Door Requirements. Elevator 
hoistway doors shall comply with Section 408.3. 



33 



Chapter 4. Accessible Routes 



ICC/ANSI A1 17. 1-2003 



Table 407.4.7.1.3— Control Button Identification 



Control Button 



Tactile Symbol 



Braille Message 



Proportions 

Open circles indicate 

unused dots within each 

Braille Cell 



E 
E 
o 

CO 



->\ k- 3.0 mm TYR 



UJi\k 



DOOR OPEN 



BETWEEN 
ELEMENTS 



^1^ 



• •• 

• • • 

• • • 



OP-EN" 



liT 



ti 


•- 2.0 mm 






= . -- 






"^^ 




,2 - 










< 














^^" 

















• o •• oo 

O* CO CO 

• o • o 0« 



i^ 



REAR/SIDE DOOR OPEN 



<► 



• •• 
• • • 



REAR/SIDE OP"EN" 



• o •■ oo 

0« «0 CO 

• O aO Oa 



►H 



•• • • • • 



DOOR CLOSE 



►M 



• • • • • 

• • • • 

• • • 

CLOSE 



OO- # GO • #0 0# 
00 • 0»0 aO 00 



►^ 



• • • • • • 

• • • • 



REAR/SIDE DOOR CLOSE 



ki 



• • • • • • 

• • • 

• • • 

REAR/SIDE CLOSE 



• • • oao o* ao 



* 

• • • 

MAIN 



* 



• • • 
MA"IN" 




• ••O GO 

o oo O O* 
•COO •o 



A 



• • •• 



ALARM 




• • • • 



AL"AR"M 




• O 00 o* o* 
oo CO o* oo 
oo*o«ooo 



c 



PHONE 



• • • • 

• •• • .• 



PH"ONE" 



m 



• ••oo o •o 
•o««o • o* 

• oooo o oo 



o 



EMERGENCY STOP 

(WHEN PROVIDED) 

X on face of octagon is not 

required to be tactile 



O 



• • •• 

"ST"OP 




o • •o •• 
ooo* ao 
• o • o • o 



34 



IGC/ANSIA1 17.1 -2003 



Chapter 4. Accessible Routes 



408.3.1 Sliding Doors. Sliding hoistway and car 
doors shall comply with Sections 407.3.1 
through 407.3.3, and 408.3.3. 

408.3.2 Swinging Doors. Swinging hoistway 
doors shall open and close automatically and 
shall comply with Sections 408.3.2, 404, and 
407.3.2. 

408.3.2.1 Power Operation. Swinging doors 
shall be power-operated and shall comply with 
ANSI/BHMA A156.19 listed in Section 
105.2.3. 

408.3.2.2 Duration. Power-operated swing- 
ing doors shall remain open for 20 seconds 
minimum when activated. 

408.3.3 Door Location and Width. Car doors 
shall provide a clear opening width of 32 inches 
(815 mm) minimum. Car doors shall be posi- 
tioned at a narrow end of the car. 

EXCEPTION: Car doors that provide a clear 
opening width of 36 inches (915 mm) mini- 
mum shall be permitted to be located on adja- 
cent sides of cars that provide a clear floor 
area of 51 inches (1295 mm) in width and 51 
inches (1295 mm) in depth. 

408.4 Elevator Car Requirements. Elevator cars 
shall comply with Section 408.4. 

408.4.1 Inside Dimensions of Elevator Cars. 

Elevator cars shall provide a clear floor area of 42 
inches (1065 mm) minimum in width, and 54 
inches (1370 mm) minimum in depth. 

EXCEPTIONS: 

1. Cars that provide a 51 inches (1295 mm) 
minimum clear floor width shall be per- 
mitted to provide 51 inches (1295 mm) 
minimum clear floor depth. 

2. For installations in existing buildings, 
elevator cars that provide a clear floor 
area of 1 5 square feet (1 .4 m^) minimum, 
and provide a clear inside dimension of 
36 inches (915 mm) minimum in width 
and 54 inches (1370 mm) minimum in 
depth, shall be permitted. 

408.4.2 Floor Surfaces. Floor surfaces in eleva- 
tor cars shall comply with Section 302. 

408.4.3 Platform to Hoistway Clearance. The 

clearance between the car platform sill and the 
edge of any hoistway landing shall be in compli- 



ance with ASME/ANSI A17.1 listed in Section 
105.2.5. 

408.4.4 Leveling. Elevator car leveling shall 
comply with Section 407.4.4. 

408.4.5 Illumination. Elevator car illumination 
shall comply with Section 407.4.5. 

408.4.6 Elevator Car Controls. Elevator car 
controls shall comply with Section 407.4.6. Con- 
trol panels shall be centered on a side wall. 

408.4.7 Designations and Indicators of Car 
Controls. Designations and indicators of car 
controls shall comply with Section 407.4.7. 

408.4.8 Emergency Communications. Car 

emergency signaling devices complying with 
Section 407.4.10 shall be provided. 

409 Private Residence Elevators 

409.1 General. Private residence elevators shall 
comply with Section 409 and ASME/ANSI A17.1 
listed in Section 1 05.2.5. Elevator operation shall be 
automatic. 

EXCEPTION: Elevators complying with Section 
407 or 408. 

409.2 Call Buttons. Call buttons at elevator land- 
ings shall comply with Section 309. Call buttons 
shall be % inch (19 mm) minimum in their smallest 
dimension. 

409.3 Doors and Gates. Elevator car and hoistway 
doors and gates shall comply with Sections 409.3 
and 404. 

EXCEPTION: The maneuvering clearances 
required by Section 404.2.3 shall not apply for 
approaches to the push side of swinging doors. 

409.3.1 Power Operation. Elevator car doors 
and gates shall be power operated and shall 
comply with ANSI/BHMA A156.19 listed in Sec- 
tion 105.2.3. Elevator cars with a single opening 
shall have low energy power operated hoistway 
doors and gates. 

EXCEPTION: For elevators with a car that has 
more than one opening, the hoistway doors 
and gates shall be permitted to be of the man- 
ual-open, self-close type. 

409.3.2 Duration. Power operated doors and 
gates shall remain open for 20 seconds minimum 
when activated. 

409.3.3 Door or Gate Location. Car gates or 
doors shall be positioned at a narrow end of the 
clear floor area required by Section 409.4.1 . 



35 



Chapter 4. Accessible Routes 
42 min 



ICC/ANSI A1 17. 1-2003 




815 
(a) New Construction 



36 min 



815 



(c) Existing Building 
Exception 2 



51 min 




815 



(b) New Construction 
Exception 1 




*Door opening size from Section 408.3.3 

Fig. 408.4.1 
Inside Dimensions of Limited Use/Limited Application (LULA) Elevator Cars 



36 



ICC/ANSI A1 17. 1-2003 



Chapter 4. Accessible Routes 



409.4 Elevator Car Requirements. Elevator cars 
shall comply with Section 409.4. 

409.4.1 Inside Dimensions of Elevator Cars. 

Elevator cars shall provide a clear floor area 36 
inches (915 mm) minimum in width and 48 
inches (1220 mm) minimum in depth. 

409.4.2 Floor Surfaces. Floor surfaces in eleva- 
tor cars shall comply with Section 302. 

409.4.3 Platform to Hoistway Clearance. The 

clearance between the car platform sill and the 
edge of any hoistway landing shall be 1 V4 inches 
(32 mm) maximum. 

409.4.4 Leveling. Each car shall automatically 
stop at a floor landing within a tolerance of Vg inch 
(1 3 mm) under rated loading to zero loading con- 
ditions. 

409.4.5 Illumination. The level of illumination at 
the car controls, platform, and car threshold and 
landing sill shall be 5 foot-candles (54 lux) mini- 
mum. 

409.4.6 Elevator Car Controls. Elevator car 
controls shall comply with Sections 409.4.6 and 
309.4. 

409.4.6.1 Buttons. Control buttons shall be ^1^ 
inch (19 mm) minimum in their smallest 
dimension. Control buttons shall be raised or 
flush. 

409.4.6.2 Height. Buttons with floor designa- 
tions shall comply with Section 309.3. 

409.4.6.3 Location. Controls shall be on a 
sidewall, 12 inches (305 mm) minimum from 
any adjacent wall. 

409.4.7 Emergency Communications. Emer- 
gency communications systems shall comply 
with Section 409.4.7. 

409.4.7.1 Type. A telephone and emergency 
signal device shall be provided in the car. 

409.4.7.2 Operable Parts. The telephone and 
emergency signaling device shall comply with 
Section 309.3. 

409.4.7.3 Compartment. If the device is in a 
closed compartment, the compartment door 
hardware shall comply with Section 309. 

409.4.7.4 Cord. The telephone cord shall be 
29 inches (735 mm) minimum in length. 




Fig. 409.4.6.3 

Location of Controls In Private 

Residence Elevators 



410 Platform Lifts 

410.1 General. Platform lifts shall comply with Sec- 
tion 410 and ASME/ANSI A18.1 listed in Section 
105.2.6. Platform lifts shall not be attendant oper- 
ated and shall provide unassisted entry and exit 
from the lift. 

41 0.2 Lift Entry. Lifts with doors or gates shall com- 
ply with Section 41 0.2. 1 . Lifts with ramps shall com- 
ply with Section 410.2.2. 

41 0.2.1 Doors and Gates. Doors and gates shall 
be low energy power operated doors or gates 
complying with Section 404.3. Doors shall 
remain open for 20 seconds minimum. End door 
clear opening width shall be 32 inches (815 mm) 
minimum. Side door clear opening width shall be 
42 inches (1065 mm) minimum. 

EXCEPTION: Lifts serving two landings maxi- 
mum and having doors or gates on opposite 
sides shall be permitted to have self-closing 
manual doors or gates. 

410.2.2 Ramps. End ramps shall be 32 inches 
(815 mm) minimum in width. Side ramps shall be 
42 inches (1065 mm) minimum in width. 

410.3 Floor Surfaces. Floor surfaces of platform 
lifts shall comply with Section 302. 



37 



Chapter 4. Accessible Routes 



ICC/ANSI A11 7. 1-2003 



410.4 Platform to Runway Clearance. The clear- 
ance between the platform sill and the edge of any 
runway landing shall be IV4 inch (32 mm) maxi- 
mum. 

41 0.5 Clear Floor Space. Clear floor space of plat- 
form lifts shall comply with Section 305. 

410.6 Operable Parts. Controls for platform lifts 
shall comply with Section 309. 




Lift mechanism 



Fig. 410.2.1 
Platform Lift Doors and Gates 



38 



ICC/ANSI A11 7. 1-2003 



Chapter 5. General Site and Building Elements 



Chapter 5. General Site and Building Elements 



501 General 

501.1 Scope. General site and building elements 
required to be accessible by the scoping provisions 
adopted by the administrative authority shall com- 
ply with the applicable provisions of Chapter 5. 

502 Parking Spaces 

502.1 General. Accessible car and van parking 
spaces shall comply with Section 502. 

502.2 Vehicle Space Size. Car parking spaces 
shall be 96 inches (2440 mm) minimum in width. 
Van parking spaces shall be 132 inches (3350 mm) 
minimum in width. 

EXCEPTION: Van parking spaces shall be per- 
mitted to be 96 inches (2440 mm) minimum in 
width where the adjacent access aisle is 96 
inches (2440 mm) minimum in width. 

502.3 Vehicle Space IVIarking. Car and van park- 
ing spaces shall be marked to define the width. 
Where parking spaces are marked with lines, the 
width measurements of parking spaces and adja- 
cent access aisles shall be made from the center- 
line of the markings. 

EXCEPTION: Where parking spaces or access 
aisles are not adjacent to another parking space 
or access aisle, measurements shall be permit- 



ted to include the full width of the line defining the 
parking space or access aisle. 

502.4 Access Aisle. Car and van parking spaces 
shall have an adjacent access aisle complying with 
Section 502.4. 

502.4.1 Location. Access aisles shall adjoin an 
accessible route. Two parking spaces shall be 
permitted to share a common access aisle. 
Access aisles shall not overlap with the vehicular 
way. Parking spaces shall be permitted to have 
access aisles placed on either side of the car or 
van parking space. Van parking spaces that are 
angled shall have access aisles located on the 
passenger side of the parking space. 

502.4.2 Width. Access aisles serving car and 
van parking spaces shall be 60 inches (1525 
mm) minimum in width. 

502.4.3 Length. Access aisles shall extend the 
full length of the parking spaces they serve. 

502.4.4 Marking. Access aisles shall be marked 
so as to discourage parking in them. Where 
access aisles are marked with lines, the width 
measurements of access aisles and adjacent 
parking spaces shall be made from the center- 
line of the markings. 




Tl 



^ 



132 min 



3350 




2440 



Fig. 502.2 
Vehicle Parking Space Size 



39 



Chapter 5. General Site and Building Elements 



ICC/ANSI A1 17.1-2003 



EXCEPTION: Where access aisles or parking 
spaces are not adjacent to another access 
aisle or parking space, measurements shall 
be permitted to include the full width of the line 
defining the access aisle or parking space. 

502.5 Floor Surfaces. Parking spaces and access 
aisles shall comply with Section 302 and have sur- 
face slopes not steeper than 1 :48. Access aisles 
shall be at the same level as the parking spaces 
they serve. 

502.6 Vertical Clearance. Parking spaces for vans, 
access aisles serving them, and vehicular routes 
from an entrance to the van parking spaces, and 
from the van parking spaces to a vehicular exit serv- 
ing them shall provide a vertical clearance of 98 
inches (2490 mm) minimum. 

502.7 Identification. Where accessible parking 
spaces are required to be identified by signs, the 
signs shall include the International Symbol of 
Accessibility complying with Section 703.6.3.1. 
Signs identifying van parking spaces shall contain 
the designation "van accessible." Such signs shall 
be 60 inches (1 525 mm) minimum above the floor of 
the parking space, measured to the bottom of the 
sign. 

502.8 Relationship to Accessible Routes. Park- 
ing spaces and access aisles shall be designed so 
that cars and vans, when parked, cannot obstruct 
the required clear width of adjacent accessible 
routes. 



503.2 Vehicle Pull-up Space Size. Passenger 
loading zones shall provide a vehicular pull-up 
space 96 inches (2440 mm) minimum in width and 
20 feet (6100 mm) minimum in length. 

503.3 Access Aisle. Passenger loading zones 
shall have an adjacent access aisle complying with 
Section 503.3. 

503.3.1 Location. Access aisles shall adjoin an 
accessible route. Access aisles shall not overlap 
the vehicular way. 

503.3.2 Width. Access aisles serving vehicle 
pull-up spaces shall be 60 inches (1525 mm) 
minimum in width. 

503.3.3 Length. Access aisles shall be 20 feet 
(6100 mm) minimum in length. 

503.3.4 l\/larking. Access aisles shall be marked 
so as to discourage parking in them. 

503.4 Floor Surfaces. Vehicle pull-up spaces and 
access aisles serving them shall comply with Sec- 
tion 302 and shall have slopes not steeper than 
1 :48. Access aisles shall be at the same level as the 
vehicle pull-up space they serve. 

503.5 Vertical Clearance. Vehicle pull-up spaces, 
access aisles serving them, and a vehicular route 
from an entrance to the passenger loading zone, 
and from the passenger loading zone to a vehicular 
exit serving them, shall provide a vertical clearance 
of 1 14 inches (2895 mm) minimum. 



503 Passenger Loading Zones 

503.1 General. Accessible passenger loading 
zones shall comply with Section 503. 



504 Stairways 

504.1 General. Accessible stairs shall comply with 
Section 504. 



access aisle serving 
car parking spaces 





access aisle serving 
van parking spaces 



'^ 


^- 


n 

[] 


=^ 



1525 



Fig. 502.4 
Parking Space Access Aisle 



40 



ICC/ANSI A1 17. 1-2003 



Chapter 5. General Site and Building Elements 




20 feet min 



6100 



60 min 



area to be marked 





Fig. 503.3 
Passenger Loading Zone Access Aisle 



504.2 Treads and Risers. All steps on a flight of 
stairs shall have uniform riser height and uniform 
tread depth. Risers shall be 4 inches (1 00 mm) mini- 
mum and 7 inches (180 mm) maximum in height. 
Treads shall be 1 1 inches (280 mm) minimum in 
depth. 



11 min 



4-7 



A 



100-180 



\ 



-^ 



280 



\ 



Fig. 504.2 
Treads and Risers for Accessible Stairways 

504.3 Open Risers. Open risers shall not be per- 
mitted. 

504.4 Tread Surface. Stair treads shall comply with 
Section 302 and shall have a slope not steeper than 
1 :48. 

504.5 Nosings. The radius of curvature at the lead- 
ing edge of the tread shall be Vg inch (13 mm) maxi- 
mum. Nosings that project beyond risers shall have 
the underside of the leading edge curved or bev- 
eled. Risers shall be permitted to slope under the 
tread at an angle of 30 degrees maximum from ver- 
tical. The permitted projection of the nosing shall be 
1 V2 inches (38 mm) maximum over the tread or floor 
below. The leading 2 inches (51 mm) of the tread 
shall have visual contrast of dark-on-light or 
light-on-dark from the remainder of the tread. 



504.6 Handrails. Stairs shall have handrails com- 
plying with Section 505. 

504.7 Wet Conditions. Stair treads and landings 
subject to wet conditions shall be designed to pre- 
vent the accumulation of water. 

504.8 Lighting. Lighting for interior stainways shall 
comply with Section 504.8. 

504.8.1 Luminance Level. Lighting facilities 
shall be capable of providing 10 foot-candles 
(1 08 lux) of luminance measured at the center of 
tread surfaces and on landing surfaces within 24 
inches (610 mm) of step nosings. 

504.8.2 Lighting Controls. If provided, occu- 
pancy-sensing automatic controls shall activate 
the stairway lighting so the luminance level 
required by Section 504.8.1 is provided on the 
entrance landing, each stair flight adjacent to the 
entrance landing, and on the landings above and 
below the entrance landing prior to any step 
being used. 

504.9 Stair Level Identification. Stair level identifi- 
cation signs in tactile characters complying with 
Section 703.3 shall be located at each floor level 
landing in all enclosed stairways adjacent to the 
door leading from the stainA/ell into the corridor to 
identify the floor level. The exit door discharging to 
the outside or to the level of exit discharge shall 
have a tactile sign stating "EXIT." 

505 Handrails 

505.1 General. Handrails required by Section 405.8 
for ramps, or Section 504.6 for stairs, shall comply 
with Section 505. 

505.2 Location. Handrails shall be provided on 
both sides of stairs and ramps. 

EXCEPTION: Aisle stairs and aisle ramps pro- 
vided with a handrail either at the side or within 
the aisle width. 



41 



Chapter 5. General Site and Building Elements 



ICC/ANSI All 7.1 -2003 



1 V2 max 



radius V2 max typical 
13 




(a) Vertical Riser 

1 1/2 max 



(b) Curved Nosing 




30° max 



beveled 




(c) Beveled Nosing 



(d) Angled Riser 



Fig. 504.5 
Stair Nosings 



505.3 Continuity. Handrails shall be continuous 
within the full length of each stair flight or ramp run. 
Inside handrails on switchback or dogleg stairs or 
ramps shall be continuous between flights or runs. 
Other handrails shall comply with Sections 505.10 
and 307. 

EXCEPTION: Handrails in aisles serving seat- 
ing. 

505.4 Height. Top of gripping surfaces of handrails 
shall be 34 inches (865 mm) minimum and 38 
inches (965 mm) maximum vertically above stair 
nosings, ramp surfaces and walking surfaces. 
Handrails shall be at a consistent height above stair 
nosings, ramp surfaces and walking surfaces. 

505.5 Clearance. Clearance between handrail 
gripping surface and adjacent surfaces shall be 1 V2 
inches (38 mm) minimum. 

505.6 Gripping Surface. Gripping surfaces shall 
be continuous, without interruption by newel posts, 
other construction elements, or obstructions. 

EXCEPTIONS: 

1 . Handrail brackets or balusters attached to 
the bottom surface of the handrail shall not 
be considered obstructions, provided they 
comply with the following criteria: 

a) not more than 20 percent of the hand- 
rail length is obstructed, 

b) horizontal projections beyond the 
sides of the handrail occur 1 Vg inches 



(38 mm) minimum below the bottom 
of the handrail, and provided that for 
each V2 inch (13 mm) of additional 
handrail perimeter dimension above 
4 inches (100 mm), the vertical clear- 
ance dimension of IV2 inch (38 mm) 
can be reduced by Vg inch (3.2 mm), 
and 

c) edges shall be rounded. 

2. Where handrails are provided along 
walking surfaces with slopes not steeper 
than 1 :20, the bottoms of handrail grip- 
ping surfaces shall be permitted to be 
obstructed along their entire length 
where they are integral to crash rails or 
bumper guards. 

505.7 Cross Section. Handrails shall have a cross 
section complying with Section 505.7.1 or 505.7.2. 

505.7.1 Circular Cross Section. Handrails with 
a circular cross section shall have an outside 
diameter of 1 V4 inches (32 mm) minimum and 2 
inches (51 mm) maximum. 

505.7.2 Noncircular Cross Sections. Handrails 
with a noncircular cross section shall have a per- 
imeter dimension of 4 inches (1 00 mm) minimum 
and 6V4 inches (160 mm) maximum, and a 
cross-section dimension of 27^ inches (57 mm) 
maximum. 



42 



ICC/ANSI A1 17. 1-2003 




(a) Stairs 



Fig. 505.4 
Handrail Height 




(b) Ramps 



Chapter 5. General Site and Building Elements 
IV2 min 




Fig. 505.5 
Handrail Clearance 



505.8 Surfaces. Handrails, and any wall or other 
surfaces adjacent to them, shall be free of any sharp 
or abrasive elements. Edges shall be rounded. 

505.9 Fittings. Handrails shall not rotate within their 
fittings. 

505.10 Handrail Extensions. Handrails shall 
extend beyond and in the same direction of stair 
flights and ramp runs in accordance with Section 
505.10. 

EXCEPTIONS: 

1. Continuous handrails at the inside turn of 
stairs and ramps. 

2. Extensions are not required for handrails in 
aisles serving seating where the handrails 



IV4-2 




are discontinuous to provide access to 
seating and to permit crossovers within the 
aisle. 

3. In alterations, full extensions of handrails 
shall not be required where such exten- 
sions would be hazardous due to plan con- 
figuration. 

505.10.1 Top and Bottom Extension at 
Ramps. Ramp handrails shall extend horizon- 
tally above the landing 12 inches (305 mm) mini- 
mum beyond the top and bottom of ramp runs. 
Extensions shall return to a wall, guard, or floor, 
or shall be continuous to the handrail of an adja- 
cent ramp run. 



4 - 6V4 perimeter 




100-160 



2V4 max 




(c) 



Noncircular 



Fig. 505.7 
Handrail Cross Section 



43 



Chapters. General Site and Building Elements 



ICC/ANSI A1 17.1-2003 



505.1 0.2 Top Extension at Stairs. At the top of a 

stair flight, handrails shall extend horizontally 
above the. landing for 12 inches (305 mm) mini- 
mum beginning directly above the landing nos- 
ing. Extensions shall return to a wall, guard, or 
the landing surface, or shall be continuous to the 
handrail of an adjacent stair flight. 

505.10.3 Bottom Extension at Stairs. At the 

bottom of a stair flight, handrails shall extend at 
the slope of the stair flight for a horizontal dis- 
tance equal to one tread depth beyond the bot- 
tom tread nosing. Extensions shall return to a 
wall, guard, or the landing surface, or shall be 
continuous to the handrail of an adjacent stair 
flight. 



506 Windows 

Accessible windows shall have operable parts com- 
plying with Section 309. 



12min 



12min 




Fig. 505.10.1 
Top and Bottom Handrail Extensions at Ramps 



12 min 





Fig. 505.10.2 
Top Handrail Extensions at Stairs 



Fig. 505.10.3 
Bottom Handrail Extensions at Stairs 



44 



ICC/ANSI A11 7. 1-2003 



Chapter 6. Plumbing Elements and Facilities 



Chapter 6. Plumbing Elements and Facilities 



601 General 

601.1 Scope. Plumbing elements and facilities 
required to be accessible by scoping provisions 
adopted by the administrative authority shall com- 
ply with the applicable provisions of Chapter 6. 

602 Drinking Fountains 

602.1 General. Accessible drinking fountains shall 
comply with Sections 602 and 307. 

602.2 Clear Floor Space. A clear floor space com- 
plying with Section 305, positioned for a forward 
approach to the drinking fountain, shall be provided. 
Knee and toe space complying with Section 306 
shall be provided. The clear floor space shall be 
centered on the drinking fountain. 

EXCEPTIONS: 

1 . Drinking fountains for standing persons. 

2. Drinking fountains primarily for children's 
use shall be permitted where the spout is 
30 inches (760 mm) maximum above the 
floor, and a parallel approach complying 
with Section 305, centered on the drinking 
fountain, is provided. 

3. In existing buildings, existing drinking foun- 
tains providing a parallel approach comply- 
ing with Section 305, centered on the 
drinking fountain, shall be permitted. 

4. Where specifically permitted by the admin- 
istrative authority, a parallel approach com- 
plying with Section 305, centered on the 
drinking fountain, shall be permitted for 
drinking fountains that replace existing 
drinking fountains with a parallel approach. 

602.3 Operable Parts. Operable parts shall comply 
with Section 309. 

602.4 Spout Outlet Height. Spout outlets of wheel- 
chair accessible drinking fountains shall be 36 
inches (915 mm) maximum above the floor. Spout 
outlets of drinking fountains for standing persons 
shall be 38 inches (965 mm) minimum and 43 
inches (1090 mm) maximum above the floor. 

602.5 Spout Location. The spout shall be located 
1 5 inches (380 mm) minimum from the vertical sup- 
port and 5 inches (1 25 mm) maximum from the front 
edge of the drinking fountain, including bumpers. 
Where only a parallel approach is provided, the 



5 max 15 min 

l25 \ / 380 



r 



-'- 



-7^ 



1 



I I 

(a) Forward Approach 

3V2 max 



89 i 



(b) Parallel Approach 

Fig. 602.5 
Drinking Fountain Spout Location 



spout shall be located 3V2 inches (89 mm) maxi- 
mum from the front edge of the drinking fountain, 
including bumpers. 

602.6 Water Flow. The spout shall provide a flow of 
water 4 inches (102 mm) minimum in height. The 
angle of the water stream from spouts within 3 
inches (76 mm) of the front of the drinking fountain 
shall be 30 degrees maximum, and from spouts 
between 3 inches (76 mm) and 5 inches (125 mm) 
from the front of the drinking fountain shall be 15 
degrees maximum, measured horizontally relative 
to the front face of the drinking fountain. 



45 



Chapter 6. Plumbing Elements and Facilities 



ICC/ANSI A1 17. 1-2003 



603 Toilet and Bathing Rooms 

603.1 General. Accessible toilet and bathing rooms 
shall comply with Section 603. 

603.2 Clearances. 

603.2.1 Turning Space. A turning space com- 
plying with Section 304 shall be provided within 
the room. 

603.2.2 Overlap. Clear floor spaces, clearances 
at fixtures, and turning spaces shall be permitted 
to overlap. 

603.2.3 Door Swing. Doors shall not swing into 
the clear floor space or clearance for any fixture. 

EXCEPTIONS: 

1 . Doors to a toilet and bathing room for a 
single occupant, accessed only through 
a private office and not for common use 
or public use shall be permitted to swing 
into the clear floor space, provided the 
swing of the door can be reversed to 
meet Section 603.2.3. 

2. Where the room is for individual use and 
a clear floor space complying with Sec- 
tion 305.3 is provided within the room 
beyond the arc of the door swing. 

603.3 Mirrors. Mirrors located above lavatories, 
sinks or counters shall be mounted with the bottom 
edge of the reflecting surface 40 inches (1015 mm) 
maximum above the floor. Mirrors not located above 



lavatories, sinks or counters shall be mounted with 
the bottom edge of the reflecting surface 35 inches 
(890 mm) maximum above the floor. 

603.4 Coat Hooks and Shelves. Coat hooks shall 
be located within one of the reach ranges specified 
in Section 308. Shelves shall be 40 inches (1015 
mm) minimum and 48 inches (1220 mm) maximum 
above the floor. 

604 Water Closets and Toilet Compartments 

604.1 General. Accessible water closets and toilet 
compartments shall comply with Section 604. Com- 
partments containing more than one plumbing fix- 
ture shall comply with Section 603. Wheelchair 
accessible compartments shall comply with Section 
604.8. Ambulatory accessible compartments shall 
comply with Section 604.9. 

EXCEPTION: Water closets and toilet compart- 
ments primarily for children's use shall be permit- 
ted to comply with Section 604. 1 as applicable. 

604.2 Location. The water closet shall be located 
with a wall or partition to the rear and to one side. 
The centerline of the water closet shall be 16 inches 
(405 mm) minimum to 18 inches (455 mm) maxi- 
mum from the side wall or partition. Water closets 
located in ambulatory accessible compartments 
specified in Section 604.9 shall have the centerline 
of the water closet 1 7 inches (430 mm) minimum to 
1 9 inches (485 mm) maximum from the side wall or 
partition. 




^ 







^ 



■7^ 



405 - 455 



17-19 
430 - 485 



(a) Accessible Water 
Closets 



(b) Ambulatory 
Accessible Water Closets 



Fig. 604.2 
Water Closet Location 



46 



ICC/ANSI A1 17. 1-2003 



Chapter 6. Plumbing Elements and Facilities 



604.3 Clearance. 



Other fixtures not allowed 
within this area . 




1525 



Fig. 604.3 
Size of Clearance for Water Closet 

604.3.1 Size. A clearance around a water closet 
60 inches (1525 mm) minimum, measured per- 
pendicular from the sidewall, and 56 inches 
(1420 mm) minimum, measured perpendicular 
from the rear wall, shall be provided. 

604.3.2 Overlap. The required clearance around 
the water closet shall be permitted to overlap the 
water closet, associated grab bars, paper dis- 
pensers, sanitary napkin receptacles, coat 
hooks, shelves, accessible routes, clear floor 
space at other fixtures and the turning space. No 
other fixtures or obstructions shall be within the 
required water closet clearance. 

604.4 Height. The height of water closet seats shall 
be 17 inches (430 mm) minimum and 19 inches 
(485 mm) maximum above the floor, measured to 
the top of the seat. Seats shall not be sprung to 
return to a lifted position. 

EXCEPTION: A water closet in a toilet room for a 
single occupant, accessed only through a private 
office and not for common use or public use, shall 
not be required to comply with Section 604.4. 

604.5 Grab Bars. Grab bars for water closets shall 
comply with Section 609 and shall be provided in 
accordance with Sections 604.5.1 and 604.5.2. 
Grab bars shall be provided on the rear wall and on 
the side wail closest to the water closet. 

EXCEPTIONS: 

1 . Grab bars are not required to be installed in 
a toilet room for a single occupant, 
accessed only through a private office and 
not for common use or public use, provided 
reinforcement has been installed in walls 




(n) 



(U) 



^ 



\ 



iL-4; 



17-19 
^430 - 485 



Fig. 604.4 
Water Closet Height 

and located so as to permit the installation 
of grab bars complying with Section 604.5. 

2. In detention or correction facilities, grab 
bars are not required to be installed in 
housing or holding cells or rooms that are 
specially designed without protrusions for 
purposes of suicide prevention. 

3. In Type A units, grab bars are not required 
to be installed where reinforcement com- 
plying with Section 1003.11.4 is installed 
for the future installation of grab bars. 

4. In Type B units located in institutional facili- 
ties and assisted living facilities, two 
swing-up grab bars shall be permitted to be 
installed in lieu of the rear wall and side wall 
grab bars. Swing-up grab bars shall comply 
with Sections 604.5.3 and 609. 

5. In a Type B unit, where fixtures are located 
on both sides of the water closet, a 
swing-up grab bar complying with Sections 
604.5.3 and 609 shall be permitted. The 
swing-up grab bar shall be installed on the 
side of the water closet with the 18 inch 
(455 mm) clearance required by Section 
1004.11.3.1.2. 

604.5.1 Fixed Side Wall Grab Bars. Fixed side- 
wall grab bars shall be 42 inches (1 065 mm) min- 
imum in length, located 12 inches (305 mm) 
maximum from the rear wall and extending 54 
inches (1 370 mm) minimum from the rear wall. In 
addition, a vertical grab bar 18 inches (455 mm) 
minimum in length shall be mounted with the bot- 
tom of the bar located between 39 inches (990 
mm) and 41 inches (1040 mm) above the floor, 
and with the center line of the bar located 



47 



Chapter 6. Plumbing Elements and Facilities 



ICC/ANSI A1 17. 1-2003 



between 39 inches (990 mm) and 41 inches 
(1040 mm) from the rear wall. 

EXCEPTIONS: 

1. In Type A and Type B units, the vertical 
grab bar component is not required. 

2. In a Type B unit, when a side wall is not 
available for a 42-inch (1065 mm) grab 
bar, the sidewall grab bar shall be per- 
mitted to be 18 inches (455 mm) mini- 
mum in length, located 12 inches (305 
mm) maximum from the rear wall and 
extending 30 inches (760 mm) minimum 
from the rear wall. 



39-41 




Fig. 604.5.1 
Side Wall Grab Bar for Water Closet 

604.5.2 Rear Wall Grab Bars. The rear wall grab 
bar shall be 36 inches (915 mm) minimum in 
length, and extend from the centerline of the 
water closet 1 2 inches (305 mm) minimum on the 
side closest to the wall, and 24 inches (610 mm) 
minimum on the transfer side. 

EXCEPTIONS: 

1. The rear grab bar shall be permitted to 
be 24 inches (610 mm) minimum in 
length, centered on the water closet, 
where wall space does not permit a grab 
bar 36 inches (915 mm) minimum in 
length due to the location of a recessed 
fixture adjacent to the water closet. 

2. In a Type A or Type B unit, the rear grab 
bar shall be permitted to be 24 inches 
(610 mm) minimum in length, centered 
on the water closet, where wall space 
does not permit a grab bar 36 inches 
(915 mm) minimum in length. 

3. Where an administrative authority 
requires flush controls for flush valves to 



be located in a position that conflicts with 
the location of the rear grab bar, that 
grab bar shall be permitted to be split or 
shifted to the open side of the toilet area. 



36min 




Fig. 604.5.2 
Rear Wall Grab Bar for Water Closet 

604.5.3 Swing-up Grab Bars. Where swing-up 
grab bars are installed, a clearance of 18 inches 
(455 mm) minimum from the centerline of the 
water closet to any side wall or obstruction shall 
be provided. A swing-up grab bar shall be 
installed with the centerline of the grab bar 1 5-/4 
inches (400 mm) from the centerline of the water 
closet. Swing-up grab bars shall be 28 inches 
(710 mm) minimum in length, measured from the 
wall to the end of the horizontal portion of the 
grab bar. 



153A 




455 



Fig. 604.5.3 
Swing-up Grab Bar for Water Closet 



48 



ICC/ANSI A1 17.1-2003 



Chapter 6. Plumbing Elements and Facilities 



604.6 Flush Controls. Flush controls shall be hand 
operated or automatic. Hand operated flush con- 
trols shall comply with Section 309. Flush controls 
shall be located on the open side of the water closet. 

EXCEPTION: In ambulatory accessible com- 
partments complying with Section 604.9, flush 
controls shall be permitted to be located on either 
side of the water closet. 

604.7 Dispensers. Toilet paper dispensers shall 
comply with Section 309.4 and shall be 7 inches 
(180 mm) minimum and 9 inches (230 mm) maxi- 
mum in front of the water closet measured to the 
centerline of the dispenser. The outlet of the dis- 
penser shall be 15 inches (380 mm) minimum and 
48 inches (1 220 mm) maximum above the floor, and 
shall not be located behind the grab bars. Dispens- 
ers shall not be of a type that control delivery, or do 
not allow continuous paper flow. 

604.8 Wheelchair Accessible Compartments. 

604.8.1 General. Wheelchair accessible com- 
partments shall comply with Section 604.8. 

604.8.2 Size. The minimum area of a wheelchair 
accessible compartment shall be 60 inches 
(1525 mm) minimum in width measured perpen- 
dicular to the side wall, and 56 inches (1 420 mm) 
minimum in depth for wall hung water closets, 
and 59 inches (1500 mm) minimum in depth for 
floor mounted water closets measured perpen- 
dicular to the rear wall. The minimum area of a 
wheelchair accessible compartment for primarily 
children's use shall be 60 inches (1 525 mm) min- 
imum in width measured perpendicular to the 
side wall, and 59 inches (1500 mm) minimum in 




180-230 

(a) Below Grab Bar 



depth for wall hung and floor mounted water clos- 
ets measured perpendicular to the rear wall. 

604.8.3 Doors. Toilet compartment doors, includ- 
ing door hardware, shall comply with Section 
404.1 , except if the approach is to the latch side of 
the compartment door clearance between the 
door side of the stall and any obstruction shall be 
42 inches (1065 mm) minimum. Doors shall be 
located in the front partition or in the side wall or 
partition farthest from the water closet. Where 
located in the front partition, the door opening 
shall be 4 inches (100 mm) maximum from the 
side wall or partition farthest from the water closet. 
Where located in the side wall or partition, the 
door opening shall be 4 inches (100 mm) maxi- 
mum from the front partition. The door shall be 
self-closing. A door pull complying with Section 
404.2.6 shall be placed on both sides of the door 
near the latch. Toilet compartment doors shall not 
swing into the required minimum area of the com- 
partment. 

604.8.4 Approach. Wheelchair accessible com- 
partments shall be arranged for left-hand or 
right-hand approach to the water closet. 

604.8.5 Toe Clearance. The front partition and 
at least one side partition shall provide a toe 
clearance of 9 inches (230 mm) minimum above 
the floor and extending 6 inches (150 mm) 
beyond the compartment side face of the parti- 
tion, exclusive of partition support members. 
Compartments primarily for children's use shall 
provide a toe clearance of 12 inches (305 mm) 
minimum above the floor and extending 6 inches 
(150 mm) beyond the compartment side face of 



(n) 



12min 



305 
Section 609.3 

C ^1^ 



I 

EZZZZ] 




180-230 
(b) Above Grab Bar 



Fig. 604.7 
Dispenser Location 



49 



Chapter 6. Plumbing Elements and Facilities 



ICC/ANSI All 7. 1-2003 



the partition, exclusive of partition support mem- 
bers. 

EXCEPTIONS: 

1 . Toe clearance at the front partition is not 
required in a compartment greater than 
62 inches (1575 mm) in depth with a 
wall-hung water closet, or greater than 

65 inches (1650 mm) in depth with a 
floor-mounted water closet. In a com- 
partment primarily for children's use, 
greater than 65 inches (1650 mm) in 
depth, toe clearance at the front partition 
is not required. 

2. Toe clearance at the side partition is not 
required in a compartment greater than 

66 inches (1675 mm) in width. 

604.8.6 Grab Bars. Grab bars shall comply with 
Section 609. Side wall grab bars complying with 
Section 604.5.1 located on the wall closest to the 
water closet, and a rear wall grab bar complying 
with Section 604.5.2, shall be provided. 

604.9 Ambulatory Accessible Compartments. 

604.9.1 General. Ambulatory accessible com- 
partments shall comply with Section 604.9. 

604.9.2 Size. The minimum, area of an ambula- 
tory accessible compartment shall be 60 inches 
(1 525 mm) minimum in depth and 36 inches (915 
mm) in width. 

604.9.3 Doors. Toilet compartment doors, 
including door hardware, shall comply with Sec- 



tion 404, except if the approach is to the latch 
side of the compartment door the clearance 
between the door side of the compartment and 
any obstruction shall be 42 inches (1065 mm) 
minimum. The door shall be self-closing. A door 
pull complying with Section 404.2.6 shall be 
placed on both sides of the door near the latch. 
Compartment doors shall not swing into the 
required minimum area of the compartment. 



Alternate 

door 

loacation 




Fig. 604.8.3 
Wheelchair Accessible Compartment Doors 




1525 
(a) Wall-Hung Water Closet - Adult 




1525 



(b) Floor-Mounted Water Closet - Adult 

Wall-Hung and 
Floor-Mounted Water Closet - Children 



Fig. 604.8.2 
Wheelchair Accessible Toilet Compartments 



50 



ICC/ANSI A1 17.1-2003 



Chapter 6. Plumbing Elements and Facilities 




(a) 

Elevation 

Adult 



Partition 





6 min 



(b) 
Elevation 
Children 




(c) 
Plan 



Fig. 604.8.5 
Wheelchair Accessible Compartment Toe Clearance 




Fig. 604.9 
Ambulatory Accessible Compartment 

604.9.4 Grab Bars. Grab bars shall connply with 
Section 609. Side wall grab bars complying with 
Section 604.5.1 shall be provided on both sides 
of the compartment. 

604.10 Water Closets and Toilet Connpartments 
for Children's Use. 



604.10.1 General. Accessible water closets and 
toilet compartments primarily for children's use 
shall comply with Section 604.10. 

604.10.2 Location. The water closet shall be 
located with a wall or partition to the rear and to 
one side. The centerline of the water closet shall 
be 12 inches (305 mm) minimum to 18 inches 
(455 mm) maximum from the side wall or parti- 
tion. Water closets located in ambulatory acces- 
sible toilet compartments specified in Section 
604.9 shall be located as specified in Section 
604.2. 




305 - 455 

Fig. 604.10.2 
Children's Water Closet Location 

604.1 0.3 Clearance. A clearance around a water 
closet complying with Section 604.3 shall be pro- 
vided. 



51 



Chapter 6. Plumbing Elements and Facilities 



ICC/ANSI A11 7. 1-2003 



604.10.4 Height. The height of water closet 
seats shall be 1 1 inches (280 mm) minimum and 
17 inches (430 mm) maximum above the floor, 
measured to the top of the seat. Seats shall not 
be sprung to return to a lifted position. 



(R) 



<U) 




=S) 



iL-^ 



11 -17 
1280 - 430 



Fig. 604.10.4 
Children's Water Closet Height 

604.10.5 Grab Bars. Grab bars for water closets 
shall comply with Section 604.5. 

604.1 0.6 Flush Controls. Flush controls shall be 
hand operated or automatic. Hand operated 
flush controls shall comply with Sections 309.2 
and 309.4 and shall be installed 36 inches (915 
mm) maximum above the floor. Flush controls 
shall be located on the open side of the water 
closet. 

EXCEPTION: In ambulatory accessible com- 
partments complying with Section 604.9, flush 
controls shall be permitted to be located on 
either side of the water closet. 

604.10.7 Dispensers. Toilet paper dispensers 
shall comply with Section 309.4 and shall be 7 
inches (180 mm) minimum and 9 inches (230 
mm) maximum in front of the water closet mea- 
sured to the center line of the dispenser. The out- 
let of the dispenser shall be 14 inches (355 mm) 
minimum and 19 inches (485 mm) maximum 
above the floor. There shall be a clearance of 1 ^'2 
inches (38 mm) minimum below the grab bar. 
Dispensers shall not be of a type that control 
delivery or do not allow continuous paper flow. 

604.10.8 Toilet Compartments. Toilet compart- 
ments shall comply with Sections 604.8 and 
604.9, as applicable. 




180-230 

Fig. 604.10.7 
Children's Dispenser Location 

604.1 1 Coat Hooks and Shelves. Goat hooks pro- 
vided within toilet compartments shall be 48 inches 
(1220 mm) maximum above the floor. Shelves shall 
be 40 inches (1015 mm) minimum and 48 inches 
(1220 mm) maximum above the floor. 

6»05 Urinals 

605.1 General. Accessible urinals shall comply with 
Section 605. 

605.2 Height. Urinals shall be of the stall type or 
shall be of the wall hung type with the rim at 17 
inches (430 mm) maximum above the floor. 

605.3 Clear Floor Space. A clear floor space com- 
plying with Section 305, positioned for forward 
approach, shall be provided. 

605.4 Flush Controls. Flush controls shall be hand 
operated or automatic. Hand operated flush con- 
trols shall comply with Section 309. 

606 Lavatories and Sinks 

606.1 General. Accessible lavatories and sinks 
shall comply with Section 606. 

606.2 Clear Floor Space. A clear floor space com- 
plying with Section 305.3, positioned for forward 
approach, shall be provided. Knee and toe clear- 
ance complying with Section 306 shall be provided. 
The dip of the overflow shall not be considered in 
determining knee and toe clearances. 

EXCEPTIONS: 

1 . A parallel approach complying with Section 
305 shall be permitted to a kitchen sink in a 
space where a cook top or conventional 
range is not provided. 



52 



ICC/ANSI A1 17. 1-2003 



Chapter 6. Plumbing Elements and Facilities 



2. The requirement for knee and toe clear- 
ance shall not apply to a lavatory in a toilet 
and bathing facility for a single occupant, 
accessed only through a private office and 
not for common use or public use. 

3. A knee clearance of 24 inches (610 mm) 
minimum above the floor shall be permitted 
at lavatories and sinks used primarily by 
children ages 6 through 1 2 where the rim or 
counter surface is 31 inches (785 mm) 
maximum above the floor. 

4. A parallel approach complying with Section 
305 shall be permitted at lavatories and 
sinks used primarily by children ages 5 and 
younger. 

5. The requirement for knee and toe clear- 
ance shall not apply to more than one bowl 
of a multibowl sink. 

6. A parallel approach shall be permitted at 
wet bars. 

606.3 Height. The front of lavatories and sinks shall 
be 34 inches (865 mm) maximum above the floor, 
measured to the higher of the rim or counter sur- 
face. 

EXCEPTION: A lavatory in a toilet and bathing 
facility for a single occupant, accessed only 
through a private office and not for common use 
or public use, shall not be required to comply with 
Section 606.3. 

606.4 Faucets. Faucets shall comply with Section 
309. Hand-operated metering faucets shall remain 
open for 10 seconds minimum. 

606.5 Lavatbries with Enhanced Reach Range. 

Where enhanced reach range is required at lavato- 



ries, faucets and soap dispenser controls shall have 
a reach depth of 11 inches (280 mm) maximum or, if 
automatic, shall be activated within a reach depth of 
1 1 inches (280 mm) maximum. Water and soap flow 
shall be provided with a reach depth of 1 1 inches 
(280 mm) maximum. 

EXCEPTION: In Type A and Type B units, reach 
range for lavatory faucets and soap dispensers is 
not required. 

606.6 Exposed Pipes and Surfaces. Water supply 
and drainpipes under lavatories and sinks shall be 
insulated or otherwise configured to protect against 
contact. There shall be no sharp or abrasive sur- 
faces under lavatories and sinks. 

606.7 Operable Parts. Operable parts on towel dis- 
pensers and hand dryers shall comply with Table 
606.7. 




Fig. 606.3 
Height of Lavatories and Sinlcs 




(a) 
Wall Hung Type 




(b) 
Stall Type 



Fig. 605.2 
Height of Urinals 



53 



Chapter 6. Plumbing Elements and Facilities 



ICC/ANSI All 7. 1-2003 



Table 606.7 
Maximum Reach Depth and Height 



Maximum 
Reach Depth 


5 inch 
(13 mm) 


2 inches 
(50 mm) 


5 inches 
(125 mm) 


6 inches 
(150 mm) 


9 inches 
(230 mm) 


11 inches 
(280 mm) 


Maximum 
Reach Height 


48 inch 
(1220 mm) 


46 inch 
(1170 mm) 


42 inches 
(1065 mm) 


40 inches 
(1015 mm) 


36 inches 
(915 mm) 


34 inches 
(865 mm) 



607 Bathtubs 

607.1 General. Accessible bathtubs shall comply 
with Section 607. 

607.2 Clearance. A clearance in front of bathtubs 
extending the length of the bathtub and 30 inches 
(760 mm) minimum in depth shall be provided. 
Where a permanent seat is provided at the head 
end of the bathtub, the clearance shall extend 12 
inches (305 mm) minimum beyond the wall at the 
head end of the bathtub. 

607.3 Seat. A permanent seat at the head end of the 
bathtub or a removable in-tub seat shall be pro- 
vided. Seats shall comply with Section 610. 

607.4 Grab Bars. Grab bars shall comply with Sec- 
tion 609 and shall be provided in accordance with 
Section 607.4.1 or 607.4.2. 

EXCEPTIONS: 

1. Grab bars shall not be required to be 
installed in a bathing facility for a single 
occupant accessed only through a private 
office and not for common use or public 
use, provided reinforcement has been 
installed in walls and located so as to permit 
the installation of grab bars complying with 
Section 607.4. 



2. In Type A units, grab bars are not required 
to be installed where reinforcement com- 
plying with Section 1003.11.9 is installed 
for the future installation of grab bars. 

607.4.1 Bathtubs with Permanent Seats. For 

bathtubs with permanent seats, grab bars com- 
plying with Section 607.4.1 shall be provided. 

607.4.1.1 Back Wall. Two horizontal grab 
bars shall be provided on the back wall, one 
complying with Section 609.4 and the other 9 
inches (230 mm) above the rim of the bathtub. 
Each grab bar shall be located 15 inches (380 
mm) maximum from the head end wall and 
extend to 12 inches (305 mm) maximum from 
the control end wall. 

607.4.1.2 Control End Wall. Control end wall 
grab bars shall comply with Section 607.4.1 .2. 

EXCEPTION: An L-shaped continuous 
grab bar of equivalent dimensions and 
positioning shall be permitted to serve the 
function of separate vertical and horizontal 
grab bars. 

607.4.1.2.1 Horizontal Grab Bar. A hori- 
zontal grab bar 24 inches (610 mm) mini- 



back wall 



back wall 




(a) Without Permanent Seat 




(b) With Permanent Seat 



305 



Fig. 607.2 
Clearance for Bathtubs 



54 



ICC/ANSI A1 17. 1-2003 



Chapter 6. Plumbing Elements and Facilities 



munri in length shall be provided on the 
control end wall at the front edge of the 
bathtub. 

607.4.1.2.2 Vertical Grab Bar. A vertical 
grab bar 18 inches (455 mm) minimum in 
length shall be provided on the control end 
wall 3 inches (75 mm) minimum to 6 inches 
(150 mm) maximum above the horizontal 
grab bar, and 4 inches (100 mm) maximum 
inward from the front edge of the bathtub. 

607.4.2 Bathtubs without Permanent Seats. 

For bathtubs without permanent seats, grab bars 
complying with Section 607.4.2 shall be pro- 
vided. 

607.4.2.1 Back Wall. Two horizontal grab bars 
shall be provided on the back wall, one com- 
plying with Section 609.4 and the other 9 
inches (230 mm) above the rim of the bathtub. 
Each grab bar shall be 24 inches (610 mm) 
minimum in length, located 24 inches (610 
mm) maximum from the head end wall and 
extend to 1 2 inches (305 mm) maximum from 
the control end wall. 



607.4.2.2 Control End Wall. Control end wall 
grab bars shall comply with Section 607.4.2.2. 

EXCEPTION: An L-shaped continuous 
grab bar of equivalent dimensions and 
positioning shall be permitted to serve the 
function of separate vertical and horizontal 
grab bars. 

607.4.2.2.1 Horizontal Grab Bar. A hori- 
zontal grab bar 24 inches (610 mm) mini- 
mum in length shall be provided on the 
control end wall beginning near the front 
edge of the bathtub and extend toward the 
inside corner of the bathtub. 

607.4.2.2.2 Vertical Grab Bar. A vertical 
grab bar 18 inches (455 mm) minimum in 
length shall be provided on the control end 
wall 3 inches (76 mm) minimum to 6 inches 
(150 mm) maximum above the horizontal 
grab bar, and 4 inches (102 mm) maximum 
inward from the front edge of the bathtub. 

607.4.2.3 Head End Wall. A horizontal grab 
bar 12 inches (305 mm) minimum in length 
shall be provided on the head end wall at the 
front edge of the bathtub. 




f» €= 




(a) Elevation 



15 max 




100 



(b) Plan 



Fig. 607.4.1 
Grab Bars for Bathtubs with Permanent Seats 



55 



Chapter 6. Plumbing Elements and Facilities 



ICC/ANSI A1 17. 1-2003 




230 



12 max 



(a) Elevation 



24 min 



24 max 




100 



(b) Plan 



Fig. 607.4.2 
Grab Bars for Bathtubs without Permanent Seats 



607.5 Controls. Controls, other than drain stop- 
pers, shall be provided on an end wall, located 
between the bathtub rim and grab bar, and between 
the open side of the bathtub and the midpoint of the 
width of the bathtub. Controls shall comply with Sec- 
tion 309.4. 




Fig. 607.5 
Location of Bathtub Controls 



607.6 Hand Shower. A hand shower with a hose 59 
inches (1500 mm) minimum in length, that can be 
used as both a fixed shower head and as a hand 
shower, shall be provided. The hand shower shall 
have a control with a nonpositive shut-off feature. An 
adjustable-height hand shower mounted on a verti- 
cal bar shall be installed so as to not obstruct the 
use of grab bars. 

607.7 Bathtub Enclosures. Enclosures for bath- 
tubs shall not obstruct controls or transfer from 
wheelchairs onto bathtub seats or into bathtubs. 
Enclosures on bathtubs shall not have tracks 
installed on the rim of the bathtub. 

607.8 Water Temperature. Bathtubs shall deliver 
water that is 120 degrees F (49 degrees C) maxi- 
mum. 



608 Shower Compartments 

608.1 General. Accessible shower compartments 
shall comply with Section 608. 



56 



ICC/ANSI A1 17.1-2003 



Chapter 6. Plumbing Elements and Facilities 



608.2 Size and Clearances. 

608.2.1 Transfer-Type Shower Compart- 
ments. Transfer-type shower compartments 
shall have a clear inside dimension of 36 inches 
(915 mm) in width and 36 inches (915 mm) in 
depth, measured at the center point of opposing 
sides. An entry 36 inches (915 mm) minimum In 
width shall be provided. A clearance of 48 inches 
(1220 mm) minimum in length measured perpen- 
dicular from the control wall, and 36 inches (915 
mm) minimum in depth shall be provided adja- 
cent to the open face of the compartment. 



36min 



seat 
wall 




1220 



Note: inside finished dimensions measured 
at the center points of opposing sides 

Fig. 608.2.1 

Transfer-Type Shower Compartment 

Size and Clearance 

608.2.2 Standard Roll-in-Type Shower Com- 
partments. Standard roll-in-type shower com- 
partments shall have a clear inside dimension of 
60 inches (1525 mm) minimum in width and 30 
inches (760 mm) minimum in depth, measured at 
the center point of opposing sides. An entry 60 
inches (1525 mm) minimum in width shall be pro- 
vided. A clearance of 60 inches (1525 mm) mini- 
mum in length adjacent to the 60-inch (1 525 mm) 
width of the open face of the shower compart- 
ment, and 30 inches (760 mm) minimum in depth, 
shall be provided. A lavatory complying with Sec- 
tion 606 shall be permitted at the end of the clear- 
ance opposite the shower compartment side 
where shower controls are positioned. Where 
shower controls are located on the back wall and 
no seat is provided, the lavatory shall be permit- 
ted at either end of the clearance. 



side 
wall 



TE 



-— Ct 




\ 



60min 




1525 

Note: Inside finished dimensions measured 
at the center points of opposing sides 

Fig. 608.2.2 

Standard Roll-in-Type Shower Compartment 

Size and Clearance 

608.2.3 Alternate Roll-in-Type Shower Com- 
partments. Alternate roll-in shower compart- 
ments shall have a clear inside dimension of 60 
inches (1525 mm) minimum in width, and 36 
inches (915 mm) in depth, measured at the cen- 
ter point of opposing sides. An entry 36 inches 
(915) mm) minimum in width shall be provided at 
one end of the 60-inch (1525 mm) width of the 
compartment. A seat wall, 24 inches (610 mm) 
minimum and 36 inches (915 mm) maximum in 
length, shall be provided on the entry side of the 
compartment. 




1525 



Note: inside finished dimensions measured 
at the center points of opposing sides 

Fig. 608.2.3 

Alternate Roll-in-Type Shower Compartment 

Size and Clearance 



57 



Chapter 6. Plumbing Elements and Facilities 



ICC/ANSI A1 17. 1-2003 



608.3 Grab Bars. Grab bars shall comply with Sec- 
tion 609 and shall be provided in accordance with 
Section 608.3. Where multiple grab bars are used, 
required horizontal grab bars shall be installed at 
the same height above the floor. 

EXCEPTIONS: 

1 . Grab bars are not required to be installed in 
a shower facility for a single occupant, 
accessed only through a private office and 
not for common use or public use, provided 
reinforcement has been installed in walls 
and located so as to permit the installation 
of grab bars complying with Section 608.3. 

2. In Type A units, grab bars are not required 
to be installed where reinforcement com- 
plying with Section 1003.11.9 is installed 
for the future installation of grab bars. 

608.3.1 Transfer-Type Showers. Grab bars for 
transfer type showers shall comply with Section 
608.3.1. 



seat 
wall 




control 
wall 



Fig. 608.3.1 
Grab Bars in Transfer-Type Showers 



608.3.1.1 Horizontal Grab Bars. Horizontal 
grab bars shall be provided across the control 
wall and on the back wall to a point 18 inches 
(455 mm) from the control wall. 

608.3.1.2 Vertical Grab Bar. A vertical grab 
bar 18 inches (455 mm) minimum in length 
shall be provided on the control end wall 3 
inches (75 mm) minimum to 6 inches (150 
mm) maximum above the horizontal grab bar, 
and 4 inches (1 00 mm) maximum inward from 
the front edge of the shower. 

608.3.1.3 Grab Bar Configuration. Grab 
bars complying with Sections 608.3.1.1 and 
608.3.1.2 shall be permitted to be separate 
bars, a single piece bar, or combination 
thereof. 

608.3.2 Standard Roll-in-Type Showers. In 

standard roll-in type showers, grab bars shall be 
provided on three walls of showers without seats. 
Where a seat is provided in a standard roll-in type 
shower, grab bars shall be provided on the back 
wall and on the wall opposite the seat. Grab bars 
shall not be provided above the seat. Grab bars 
shall be 6 inches (150 mm) maximum from the 
adjacent wall. 

608.3.3 Alternate Roll-in-Type Showers. In 

alternate roll-in type showers, grab bars shall be 
provided on the back wall and the end wall adja- 
cent to the seat. Grab bars shall not be provided 
above the seat. Grab bars shall be 6 inches (150 
mm) maximum from the adjacent wall. 

608.4 Seats. A folding or nonfolding seat shall be 
provided in transfer-type shower compartments. A 
seat shall be provided in an alternate roll-in-type 
shower compartment. In standard and alternate 



6 max 



6 max 



6 max 




(a) 
Without Seat 




o end 
^ wall 



(b) 
With Seat 



Fig. 608.3.2 
Grab Bars in Standard Roll-in-Type Showers 



58 



ICC/ANSI A1 17.1 -2003 



Chapter 6. Plumbing Elements and Facilities 



roll-in-type showers where a seat is provided, if the 
seat extends over the minimum clear inside dimen- 
sion required by Section 608.2.2 or 608.2.3, the 
seat shall be a folding seat. Seats shall comply with 
Section 610. 

EXCEPTIONS: 

1 . A shower seat is not required to be installed 
in a shower facility for a single occupant, 
accessed only through a private office and 
not for common use or public use, provided 
reinforcement has been installed in walls 
and located so as to permit the installation 
of a shower seat complying with Section 
608.4. 

2. In Type A units, a shower seat is not 
required to be installed where reinforce- 
ment complying with Section 1003.11.9 is 
installed for the future installation of a 
shower seat. 



608.5 Controls and Hand Showers. Controls and 
hand showers shall comply with Sections 608.5 and 
309.4. 

608.5.1 Transfer-Type Showers. In trans- 
fer-type showers, the controls and hand shower 
shall be located on the control wall opposite the 
seat, 38 inches (965 mm) minimum and 48 
inches (1220 mm) maximum above the shower 
floor, within 15 inches (380 mm), left or right, of 
the centerline of the seat. 

608.5.2 Standard Roll-in Showers. In standard 
roll-in showers, the controls and hand shower 
shall be located 38 inches (965 mm) minimum 
and 48 inches (1220 mm) maximum above the 
shower floor. In standard roll-in showers with 
seats, the controls and hand shower shall be 
located on the back wall, no more than 27 inches 
(685 mm) maximum from the end wall behind the 
seat. 



6 max 



6 max 




Lo end 



seat wall 




Fig. 608.3.3 
Grab Bars in Alternate Roll-in-Type Showers 

Can be located 
on any wall of 
shower . 



'(&: 



:§)- 









^ 






X 








CD 


o 


1- 




E 


CN 


E 


in 


CN 


CO 


00 




on 


05 


■<* 




CO 








-1 








1 









Fig. 608.5.1 

Transfer-Type Shower 

Controls and Handshowers Location 



27 max 



685 



back wall 



:^ 






X 




(0 


in 


E 


CO 


00 


05 


■^ 



(a) 
Without Seat 



(b) 
With Seat 



Fig. 608.5.2 
Standard Roll-in-Type Shower Control and Handshower Location 



59 



Chapter 6. Plumbing Elements and Facilities 



ICC/ANSI A1 17. 1-2003 



608.5.3 Alternate Roll-in Showers. In alternate 
roll-in showers, the controls and hand shower 
shall be located 38 inches (965 mm) minimum 
and 48 inches (1220 mm) maximum above the 
shower floor. In alternate roll-in showers with con- 
trols and hand shower located on the end wall 
adjacent to the seat, the controls and hand 
shower shall be 27 inches (685 mm) maximum 
from the seat wall. In alternate roll-in showers 
with the controls and hand shower located on the 
back wall opposite the seat, the controls and 
hand shower shall be located within 15 inches 
(380 mm), left or right, of the centerline of the 
seat. 

EXCEPTION: A fixed shower head with the con- 
trols and shower head located on the back wall 
opposite the seat shall be permitted. 

608.6 Hand Showers. A hand shower with a hose 
59 inches (1500 mm) minimum in length, that can 
be used both as a fixed shower head and as a hand 
shower, shall be provided. The hand shower shall 



have acontrol with a nonpositive shut-off feature. An 
adjustable-height shower head mounted on a verti- 
cal bar shall be installed so as to not obstruct the 
use of grab bars. 

EXCEPTION: A fixed shower head shall be per- 
mitted in lieu of a hand shower where the scoping 
provisions of the administrative authority require 
a fixed shower head. 

608.7 Thresholds. Thresholds in roil-in-type 
shower compartment shall be V2 inch (13 mm) max- 
imum in height in accordance with Section 303. In 
transfer-type shower compartments, thresholds Vg 
inch (13 mm) maximum in height shall be beveled, 
rounded, or vertical. 

EXCEPTION: In existing facilities, in trans- 
fer-type shower compartments where provision 
of a threshold V2 inch (13 mm) in height would 
disturb the structural reinforcement of the floor 
slab, a threshold 2 inches (51 mm) maximum in 
height shall be permitted. 



15 max 



27 max 



y £^l MIC 

1 685 

-iktei— 




end 
wall 



I .1 ) 



C ,i — 1 



£7 



(a) 
With Seat 
(Elevation) 



back wall 



end 
wall 



seat wall 



side 
wall 




seat wall 



(c) 

Without Seat 

(Plan) 



(d) 

With Seat 

(Plan) 



Fig. 608.5.3 
Alternate Roll-in-Type Shower Control and Handshower Location 



60 



ICC/ANSI A11 7. 1-2003 



Chapter 6. Plumbing Elements and Facilities 



608.8 Shower Enclosures. Shower compartment 
enclosures for shower compartments shall not 
obstruct controls or obstruct transfer from wheel- 
chairs onto shower seats. 

608.9 Water Temperature. Showers shall deliver 
water that is 1 20 degrees F (49 degrees C) maxi- 
mum. 

609 Grab Bars 

609.1 General. Grab bars in accessible toilet or 
bathing facilities shall comply with Section 609. 

609.2 Cross Section. Grab bars shall have a cross 
section complying with Section 609.2.1 or 609.2.2. 



4 to 4.8 perimeter 



IV4-2 





(a) Circular 



(b) (c) 

Noncircular 



Fig. 609.2 
Size of Grab Bars 

609.2.1 Circular Cross Section. Grab bars with 
a circular cross section shall have an outside 
diameter of iV^ inch (32 mm) minimum and 2 
inches (51 mm) maximum. 

609.2.2 Noncircular Cross Section. Grab bars 
with a noncircular cross section shall have a 
cross section dimension of 2 inches (51 mm) 
maximum, and a perimeter dimension of 4 
inches (102 mm) minimum and 4.8 inches (122 
mm) maximum. 

609.3 Spacing. The space between the wall and 
the grab bar shall be 1 V2 inches (38 mm). The space 
between the grab bar and projecting objects below 
and at the ends of the grab bar shall be 1 Vg inches 
(38 mm) minimum. The space between the grab bar 
and projecting objects above the grab bar shall be 
12 inches (305 mm) minimum.. 

EXCEPTIONS: 

1 . The space between the grab bars and 
shower controls, shower fittings, and other 



grab bars above the grab bar shall be per- 
' mittedto be 1 Vg inches (38 mm) minimum. 

2. Sw|ng-up grab bars shall not be required to 
comply with Section 609.3. 




Fig. 609.3 
Spacing of Grab Bars 

609.4 Position of Grab Bars. Grab bars shall be 
installed in a horizontal position, 33 inches (840 
mm) minimum and 36 inches (915 mm) maximum 
above the floor measured to the top of the gripping 
surface. At water closets primarily for children's use 
complying with Section 604.10, grab bars shall be 
installed in a horizontal position 1 8 inches (455 mm) 
minimum to 27 inches (685 mm) maximum above 
the floor measured to the top of the gripping surface. 

EXCEPTIONS: 

1 . The lower grab bar on the back wall of a 
bathtub required by Section 607.4.1.1 or 
607.4.2.1. 

2. Vertical grab bars required by Sections 
604.5.1, 607.4.1.2.2, 607.4.2.2.2, and 
608.3.1.2. 

609.5 Surface Hazards. Grab bars, and any wall or 
other surfaces adjacent to grab bars, shall be free of 
sharp or abrasive elements. Edges shall be 
rounded. 

609.6 Fittings. Grab bars shall not rotate within 
their fittings. 

609.7 Installation. Grab bars shall be installed in 
any manner that provides a gripping surface at the 
locations specified in this standard and does not 
obstruct the clear floor space. 

609.8 Structural Strength. Allowable stresses 
shall not be exceeded for materials used where a 
vertical or horizontal force of 250 pounds (1 1 12 N) 



61 



Chapter 6. Plumbing Elements and Facilities 



ICC/ANSI A1 17. 1-2003 



Is applied at any point on the grab bar, fastener 
mounting device, or supporting structure. 

610 Seats 

610.1 General. Seats in accessible bathtubs and 
shower compartments shall comply with Section 
610. 

610.2 Bathtub Seats. The height of bathtub seats 
shall be 17 inches (430 mm) minimum to 19 inches 
(485 mm) maximum above the bathroom floor, 
measured to the top of the seat. Removable in-tub 
seats shall be 15 inches (380 mm) minimum and 16 
inches (405 mm) maximum in depth. Removable 
in-tub seats shall be capable of secure placement. 
Permanent seats shall be 1 5 inches (380 mm) mini- 
mum in depth and shall extend from the back wall to 
or beyond the outer edge of the bathtub. Permanent 
seats shall be positioned at the head end of the 
bathtub. 

610.3 Shower Compartment Seats. Where a seat 
is provided in a standard roll-in shower compart- 
ment, it shall be a folding type and shall be on the 
wall adjacent to the controls. The height of the seat 
shall be 17 inches (430 mm) minimum and 19 
inches (485 mm) maximum above the bathroom 
floor, measured to the top of the seat. In trans- 



fer-type and alternate roll-in-type showers, the seat 
shall extend along the seat wall to a point within 3 
inches (75 mm) of the compartment entry. In stan- 
dard roll-in-type showers, the seat shall extend from 
the control wall to a point within 3 inches (75 mm) of 
the compartment entry. Seats shall comply with 
Section 610.3.1 or 610.3.2. 

610.3.1 Rectangular Seats. The rear edge of a 
rectangular seat shall be 2V2 inches (64 mm) 
maximum and the front edge 1 5 inches (380 mm) 
minimum to 16 inches (405 mm) maximum from 
the seat wall. The side edge of the seat shall be 
1 Vj inches (38 mm) maximum from the back wall 
of a transfer-type shower and 1 Vg inches (38 mm) 
maximum from the control wall of a roll-in-type 
shower. 

610.3.2 L-Shaped Seats. The rear edge of an 
L-shaped seat shall be 2V2 inches (64 mm) maxi- 
mum and the front edge 1 5 inches (380 mm) min- 
imum to 16 inches (405 mm) maximum from the 
seat wall. The rear edge of the "L" portion of the 
seat shall be Vl^ inches (38 rhm) maximum from 
the wall and the front edge shall be 14 inches 
(355 mm) minimum and 15 inches (380 mm) 
maximum from the wall. The end of the "L" shall 
be 22 inches (560 mm) mininium and 23 inches 
(585 mm) maximum from the main seat wall. 



< 



€= 



^ 



€= 



^ 





a. 



:^ 



:© 



15-16 



380 - 40 


sA 


\y_ 








/ 


^. ..,.,;. .-rv, 


^\ 





wy:^'^''-h 





(a) Removable in-Tub Seat 



15 min 




Fig. 610.2 
Bathtub Seats 



(b) Permanent Seat 



62 



ICC/ANSI All 7. 1-2003 



Chapter 6. Plumbing Elements and Facilities 



15-16 




22-23 




2V2 max / 



Fig. 610.3.1 
Rectangular Shower Compartment Seat 



/15-16 
380 - 405 

Fig. 610.3.2 
L-Shaped Shower Compartment Seat 



610.4 Structural Strength. Allowable stresses 
shall not be exceeded for materials used where a 
vertical or horizontal force of 250 pounds (1112 N) 
is applied at any point on the seat, fastener mount- 
ing device, or supporting structure. 

61 1 Washing Machines and Clothes Dryers 

611.1 General. Accessible washing machines and 
clothes dryers shall comply with Section 61 1 . 

61 1 .2 Clear Floor Space. A clear floor space com- 
plying with Section 305, positioned for parallel 
approach, shall be provided. The clear floor space 
shall be centered on the appliance. 



611.3 Operable Parts. Operable parts, including 
doors, lint screens, detergent and bleach compart- 
ments, shall comply with Section 309. 

611.4 Height. Top loading machines shall have the 
door to the laundry compartment 36 inches (915 
mm) maximum above the floor. Front loading 
machines shall have the bottom of the opening to 
the laundry compartment 15 inches (380 mm) mini- 
mum and 34 inches (865 mm) maximum above the 
floor. 





(a) Top Loading 



(b) Front Loading 



Fig. 611 .4 
[Height of Laundry Equipment 



63 



64 



ICC/ANSI A1 17. 1-2003 



Chapter 7. Communication Elements and Features 



Chapter 7. Communication Elements and Features 



701 General 

701.1 Scope. Communications elements and fea- 
tures required to be accessible by the scoping provi- 
sions adopted by the administrative authority shall 
comply with the applicable provisions of Chapter 7. 

702 Alarms 

702.1 General. Accessible audible and visual 
alarms and notification appliances shall be installed 
in accordance with NFPA 72 listed in Section 
105.2.2, be powered by a commercial light and 
power source, be permanently connected to the 
wiring of the premises electric system, and be per- 
manently installed. 

703 Signs 

703.1 General. Accessible signs shall comply with 
Section 703. 

703.2 Visual Characters. 

703.2.1 General. Visual characters shall comply 
with Section 703.2. 

EXCEPTION: Visual characters complying 
with Section 703.3 shall not be required to 
comply with Section 703.2. 

703.2.2 Case. Characters shall be uppercase, 
lowercase, or a combination of both. 

703.2.3 Style. Characters shall be conventional 
in form. Characters shall not be italic, oblique. 



script, highly decorative, or of other unusual 
forms. 

703.2.4 Character Height. The uppercase letter 
"I" shall be used to determine the allowable 
height of all characters of a font. The uppercase 
letter "I" of the font shall have a minimum height 
complying with Table 703.2.4. Viewing distance 
shall be measured as the horizontal distance 
between the character and an obstruction pre- 
venting further approach towards the sign. 

703.2.5 Character Width. The uppercase letter 
"O" shall be used to determine the allowable 
width of all characters of a font. The width of the 
uppercase letter "O" of the font shall be 55 per- 
cent minimum and 110 percent maximum of the 
height of the uppercase "I" of the font. 

703.2.6 Stroke Width. The uppercase letter "I" 
shall be used to determine the allowable stroke 
width of all characters of a font. The stroke width 
shall be 10 percent minimum and 30 percent 
maximum of the height of the uppercase "I" of the 
font. 

703.2.7 Character Spacing. Spacing shall be 
measured between the two closest points of 
adjacent characters within a message, excluding 
word spaces. Spacing between individual char- 
acters shall be 10 percent minimum and 35 per- 
cent maximum of the character height. 



Table 703.2.4— Visual Character Height 



Height above Floor to Baseline of 
Character 


Horizontal Viewing Distance 


i\/linimum Character Height 


40 inches (1015 mm) to less than or 
equal to 70 inches (1780 mm) 


Less than 6 feet (1830 mm) 


% inch (16 mm) 


6 feet (1830 mm) and greater 


% inch (16 mm), plus Vg inch (3.2 
mm) per foot (305 mm) of viewing 
distance above 6 feet (1830 mm) 


Greater than 70 inches 

(1780 mm) to less than or equal to 

120 inches (3050 mm) 


Less than 15 feet (4570 mm) 


2 inches (51 mm) 


15 feet (4570 mm) and greater 


2 inches (51 mm), plus Vg inch (3.2 
mm) per foot (305 mm) of viewing 
distance above 1 5 feet (4570 mm) 


Greater than 120 inches 
(3050 mm) 


Less than 21 feet (6400 mm) 


3 inches (75 mm) 


21 feet (6400 mm) and greater 


3 inches (76 mm), plus Vg inch (3.2 
mm) per foot (305 mm) of viewing 
distance above 21 feet (6400 mm) 



65 



Chapter 7. Communication Elements and Features 



ICC/ANSI A1 17. 1-2003 



703.2.8 Line Spacing. Spacing between the 
baselines of separate lines of characters within a 
message shall be 135 percent minimum to 170 
percent maximum of the character height. 

703.2.9 Height Above Floor. Visual characters 
shall be 40 inches (1015 mm) minimum above 
the floor of the viewing position, measured to the 
baseline of the character. Heights shall comply 
with Table 703.2.4, based on the size of the char- 
acters on the sign. 

EXCEPTION: Visual characters indicating 
elevator car controls shall not be required to 
comply with Section 703.2.9. 

703.2.10 Finish and Contrast. Characters and 
their background shall have a nonglare finish. 
Characters shall contrast with their background, 
with either light characters on a dark back- 
ground, or dark characters on a light back- 
ground. 

703.3 Tactile Characters. 

703.3.1 General. Tactile characters shall comply 
with Section 703.3, and shall be duplicated in 
braille complying with Section 703.4. 

703.3.2 Depth. Tactile characters shall be raised 
V32 inch (0.8 mm) minimum above their back- 
ground. 

703.3.3 Case. Characters shall be uppercase. 

703.3.4 Style. Characters shall be sans serif. 
Characters shall not be italic, oblique, script, 
highly decorative, or of other unusual forms. 

703.3.5 Character Height. The uppercase letter 
"I" shall be used to determine the allowable 
height of all characters of a font. The height of the 
uppercase letter "I" of the font, measured verti- 
cally from the baseline of the character, shall be 
Vq inch (1 6 mm) minimum, and 2 inches (51 mm) 
maximum. 

EXCEPTION: Where separate tactile and 
visual characters with the sahie information 
are provided, the height of the tactile upper- 
case letter "I" shall be permitted to be V2 inch 
(13 mm) minimum. 

703.3.6 Character Width. The uppercase letter 
"O" shall be used to determine the allowable 
width of all characters of a font. The width of the 
uppercase letter "O" of the font shall be 55 per- 
cent minimum and 110 percent maximum of the 
height of the uppercase "I" of the font. 




Fig. 703.3.5 
Character Height 

703.3.7 Stroke Width. Tactile character stroke 
width shall comply with Section 703.3.7. The 
uppercase letter "I" of the font shall be used to 
determine the allowable stroke width of all char- 
acters of a font. 

703.3.7.1 Maximum. The stroke width shall 
be 15 percent maximum of the height of the 
uppercase letter "I" measured at the top sur- 
face of the character, and 30 percent maxi- 
mum of the height of the uppercase letter "I" 
measured at the base of the character. 

703.3.7.2 Minimum. When characters are 
both visual and tactile, the stroke width shall 
be 10 percent minimum of the height of the 
uppercase letter "I". 

703.3.8 Character Spacing. Character spacing 
shall be measured between the two closest 
points of adjacent tactile characters within a 
message, excluding word spaces. Spacing 
between individual tactile character shall be Vg 
inch (3.2 mm) minimum measured at the top sur- 
face of the characters, V^e inch (1.6 mm) mini- 
mum measured at the base of the characters, 
and four times the tactile character stroke width 
maximum. Characters shall be separated from 
raised borders and decorative elements Vq inch 
(9.5 mm) minimum. 

703.3.9 Line Spacing. Spacing between the 
baselines of separate lines of tactile characters 
within a message shall be 135 percent minimum 
and 170 percent maximum of the tactile charac- 
ter height. 



66 



ICC/ANSI A11 7. 1-2003 



Chapter 7. Communication Elements and Features 



703=3.1 Height above Floor. Tactile characters 
shall be 48 inches (1220 mm) minimum above 
the floor, measured to the baseline of the lowest 
tactile character and 60 inches (1525 mm) maxi- 
mum above the floor, measured to the baseline of 
the highest tactile character. 

EXCEPTION: Tactile characters for elevator 
car controls shall not be required to comply 
with Section 703.3.10. 

703.3.11 Location. Where a tactile sign is pro- 
vided at a door, the sign shall be alongside the 
door at the latch side. Where a tactile sign is pro- 
vided at double doors with one active leaf, the 
sign shall be located on the inactive leaf. Where a 
tactile sign is provided at double doors with two 
active leaves, the sign shall be to the right of the 
right-hand door. Where there is no wall space on 
the latch side of a single door, or to the right side 
of double doors, signs shall be on the nearest 
adjacent wall. Signs containing tactile characters 
shall be located so that a clear floor area 18 
inches (455 mm) minimum by 18 inches (455 
mm) minimum, centered on the tactile charac- 
ters, is provided beyond the arc of any door swing 
between the closed position and 45 degree open 
position. 

EXCEPTION: Signs with tactile characters 
shall be permitted on the push side of doors 
with closers and without hold-open devices. 

703.3.12 Finish and Cootrast. Characters and 
their background shall have a nonglare finish. 
Characters shall contrast with their background 



with either light characters on a dark 
background, or dark characters on a light back- 
ground. 

EXCEPTION: Where separate tactile charac- 
ters and visual characters with the same infor- 
mation are provided, tactile characters are not 
required to have nonglare finish or to contrast 
with their background. 

703.4 Braille. 

, 703.4.1 General. Braille shall be contracted 
(Grade 2) braille and shall comply with Section 
703.4. 

703.4.2 Uppercase Letters. The indication of an 
uppercase letter or letters shall only be used 
before the first word of sentences, proper nouns 
and names, individual letters of the alphabet, ini- 
tials, or acronyms. 

703.4.3 Dimensions. Braille dots shall have a 
domed or rounded shape and shall comply with 
Table 703.4.3. 

703.4.4 Position. Braille shall be below the cor- 
responding text. If text is multilined, braille shall 
be placed below entire text. Braille shall be sepa- 
rated % inch (9.5 mm) minimum from any other 
tactile characters and ^/g inch (9.5 mm) minimum 
from raised borders and decorative elements. 
Braille provided on elevator car controls shall be 
separated ^I^q inch (4.8 mm) minimum either 
directly below or adjacent to the corresponding 
raised characters or symbols. 




Note: For Braille mounting height see Section 703.4.5 

Fig. 703.3.10 
Height of Tactile Characters above Floor or 



67 



Chapter 7. Communication Elements and Features 



ICC/ANSI A11 7. 1-2003 




centered on 
tactile characters 



455 

Fig. 703.3.11 
Looatiom of TactiSe Signs at Poors 



Distance between 
dots in the same cell 



Distance between 
dots in the same cell" 



Distance between dots 
in adjacent cells 






Single Braille cell 



Distance between 
corresponding dots from 
one cell directly below — 



Dot diameter- 



t-o# O 

o i.oo; 



o : • o 1 

00 



i^ 



O ,'0 0^ 

• iooi 
o Iooi 



Fig. 703=4.3 
BrailDe iVJeasyremenit 




o;oh»- 



Blank cell space 
between words 

Raised dot 



No raised dot 



Table 703.4.3— Braille Dimensions 



Measuremerst range 


Minimum in inches 

Maximum in inches 


Dot base diameter 


0.059 (1 .5 mm) to 0.063 (1 .6 mm) 


Distance between two dots in the same cell 


0.090 (2.3 mm) to 0.100 (2.5 mm) 


Distance between corresponding 
dots in adjacent cells^ 


0.241 (6.1 mm) to 0.300 (7.6 mm) 


Dot height 


0.025 (0.6 mm) to 0.037 (0.9 mm) 


Distance between correspondina dots 
from one cell directly below 


0.395 (10.0 mm) to 0.400 (10.2 mm) 



Measured center to center 



ICC/ANSI A11 7. 1-2003 



Chapter 7. Communication Elements and Features 




3/3 min 
9.5 

9.5 



Fig. 703.4.4 
Position of Braille 

703.4.5 Mounting Height. Braille shall be 48 
inches (1 220 mm) minimum and 60 inches {1 525 
mm) maximum above the floor, measured to the 
baseline of the braille cells. 

EXCEPTION: Elevator car controls shall not 
be required to comply with Section 703.4.5. 

703.5 Pictograms. 




Fig. 703.5 
Pictogram Field 



703.5.1 General. Pictograms shall comply with 
Section 703.5. 

703.5.2 Pictogram Field. Pictograms shall have 
a field 6 inches (150 mm) minimum in height. 
Characters or braille shall not be located in the 
pictogram field. 

703.5.3 Finish and Contrast. Pictograms and 
their fields shall have a nonglare finish. 
Pictograms shall contrast with their fields, with 
either a light pictogram on a dark field or a dark 
pictogram on a light field. 

703.5.4 Text Descriptors. Where text 
descriptors for pictograms are required, they 
shall be located directly below the pictogram 
field. Text descriptors shall comply with Sections 
703.3 and 703.4. 

703.6 Symbols of Accessibility. 

703.6.1 General. Symbols of accessibility shall 
comply with Section 703.6. 

703.6.2 Finish and Contrast. Symbols of acces- 
sibility and their backgrounds shall have a 
nonglare finish. Symbols of accessibility shall 
contrast with their backgrounds, with either a 
light symbol on a dark background or a dark sym- 
bol on a light background. 

703.6.3 Symbols. 

703.6.3.1 International Symbol of Accessi- 
bility. The International Symbol of Accessibil- 
ity shall comply with Figure 703.6.3.1 . 

703.6.3.2 International Symbol of TTY. The 

International Symbol of TTY shall comply with 
Figure 703.6.3.2. 

703.6.3.3 Assistive Listening Systems. 

Assistive listening systems shall be identified 
by the International Symbol of Access for 
Hearing Loss complying with Figure 
703.6.3.3. 

703.6.3.4 Volume-Controlled Telephones. 

Telephones with volume controls shall be 
identified by a pictogram of a telephone hand- 
set with radiating sound waves on a square 
field complying with Figure 703.6.3.4. 

703.7 Remote Infrared Audible Sign (RIAS) Sys- 
tems. 

703.7.1 General. Remote Infrared Audible Sign 
Systems shall comply with Section 703.7. 

703.7.2 Transmitters. Where provided. Remote 
Infrared Audible Sign Transmitters shall be 
designed to communicate with receivers comply- 
ing with Section 703.7.3. 



69 



Chapter 7. Communication Elements and Features 



ICC/ANSI A1 17.1 -2003 






Fig. 703.6.3.1 

International Symbol of 

Accessibility 



Fig. 703.6.3.2 
International TTY Symbol 



Fig. 703.6.3.3 
International Symbol of 
Access for Hearing Loss 




Fig. 703.6.3.4 

Volume-Controlled 

Teleplione 



703.7.3 Remote Infrared Audible Sign Receiv- 
ers. 

703.7.3.1 Frequency. Basic speech mes- 
sages shall be frequency modulated at 25 
kHz, with a +/- 2.5 kHz deviation, and shall 
have an infrared wavelength from 850 to 950 
nanometer (nm). 

703.7.3.2 Optical Power Density. Receiver 
shall produce a 12 decibel (dB) sig- 
nal-plus-noise-to-noise ratio with a 1 kHz 
modulation tone at +/- 2.5 kHz deviation of the 
25 kHz subcarrier at an optical power density 
of 26 picowatts per square millimeter mea- 
sured at the receiver photosensor aperture. 

703.7.3.3 Audio Output. The audio output 
from an internal speaker shall be at 75 dBA 
minimum at 18 inches (455 mm) with a maxi- 
mum distortion of 10 percent. 

703.7.3.4 Reception Range. The receiver 
shall be designed for a high dynamic range 
and capable of operating in full-sun back- 
ground illurhinalion. 

703.7.3.5 Multiple Signals. A receiver pro- 
vided for the capture of the stronger of two sig- 
nals in the receiver field of view shall provide a 



received power ratio on the order of 20 dB for 
negligible interference. 

703.8 Pedestrian Signals. Accessible pedestrian 
signals shall comply with Section 4E.06 - Accessi- 
ble Pedestrian Signals, and Section 4E.08 - Acces- 
sible Pedestrian Signal Detectors, of the Manual on 
Uniform Traffic Control Devices listed in Section 
105.2.1. 

EXCEPTION: Pedestrian signals are not 
required to comply with the requirement for 
choosing audible tones. 

704 Telephones 

704.1 General. Accessible public telephones shall 
comply with Section 704. 

704.2 Wheelchair Accessible Telephones. 

Wheelchair accessible public telephones shall 
comply with Section 704.2. 

704.2.1 Clear Floor Space. A clear floor space 
complying with Section 305 shall be provided. 
The clear floor space shall not be obstructed by 
bases, enclosures, or seats. 

704.2.1.1 Parallel Approach. Where a paral- 
lel approach is provided, the distance from the 
edge of the telephone enclosure to the face of 



70 



ICC/ANSI A1 17. 1-2003 



Chapter 7. Communication Elements and Features 



the telephone shall be 10 inches (255 nnm) 
maximum. 

704.2.1.2 Forward Approach. Where a for- 
ward approach is provided, the distance from 
the front edge of a counter within the enclo- 
sure to the face of the telephone shall be 20 
inches (510 mm) maximum. 

704.2.2 Operable Parts. The highest operable 
part of the telephone shall comply with Section 
308. Telephones shall have push button controls 
where service for such equipment is available. 

704.2.3 Telephone Directories. Where pro- 
vided, telephone directories shall comply with 
Section 309. 

704.2.4 Cord Length. The telephone handset 
cord shall be 29 inches (735 mm) minimum in 
length. 

704.2.5 Hearing-Aid Compatibility. Tele- 
phones shall be hearing aid compatible. 

704.3 Volume-Control Telephones. Public tele- 
phones required to have volume controls shall be 
equipped with a receive volume control that pro- 
vides a gain adjustable up to 20 dB minimum. Incre- 
mental volume controls shall provide at least one 
intermediate step of gain of 12 dB minimum. An 
automatic reset shall be provided. 

704.4 TTY. TTYs required at a public pay telephone 
shall be permanently affixed within, or adjacent to, 
the telephone enclosure. Where an acoustic cou- 
pler is used, the telephone cord shall be of sufficient 
length to allow connection of the TTY and the tele- 
phone handset. 



704.5 Height. When in use, the touch surface of 
TTY keypads shall be 34 inches (865 mm) minimum 
above the floor. 

EXCEPTION: Where seats are provided, TTYs 
shall not be required to comply with Section 
704.5. 

704.6 TTY Shelf. Where pay telephones designed 
to accommodate a portable TTY are provided, they 
shall be equipped with a shelf and an electrical out- 
let within or adjacent to the telephone enclosure. 
The telephone handset shall be capable of being 
placed flush on the surface of the shelf. The shelf 
shall be capable of accommodating a TTY and shall 
have a vertical clearance 6 inches (150 mm) mini- 
mum in height above the area where the TTY is 
placed. 

704.7 Protruding Objects. Telephones, enclo- 
sures, and related equipment shall comply with 
Section 307. 

705 Detectable Warnings 

705.1 General. Detectable warning surfaces shall 
comply with Section 705. 

705.2 Standardization. Detectable warning sur- 
faces shall be standard within a building, facility, 
site, or complex of buildings. 

EXCEPTION: In facilities that have both interior 
and exterior locations, detectable warnings in 
exterior locations shall not be required to comply 
with Section 705.4. 

705.3 Contrast. Detectable warning surfaces shall 
contrast visually with adjacent surfaces, either 
light-on-dark or dark-on-light. 




1 max 
^ 255 



(a) Parallel Approach 




20 max 
510 



(b) Forward Approach 



Fig. 704.2.1 
Clear Floor Space for Telephones 



71 



Chapter 7. Communication Elements and Features 



ICC/ANSI A1 17. 1-2003 



705.4 Interior Locations. Detectable warning sur- 
faces in interior locations shall differ from adjoining 
walking surfaces in resiliency or sound-on-cane 
contact. 

705.5 Truncated Domes. Detectable warning sur- 
faces shall have truncated domes complying with 
Section 705.5. 

705.5.1 Size. Truncated domes shall have a 
base diameter of 0.9 inch (23 mm) minimum to 
1 .4 inch (36 mm) maximum, and a top diameter 
of 50 percent minimum to 65 percent maximum 
of the base diameter. 

705.5.2 Helglit. Truncated domes shall have a 
height of 0.2 inch (5.1 mm). 

705.5.3 Spacing. Truncated domes shall have a 
center-to-center spacing of 1 .6 inches (41 mm) 
minimum and 2.4 inches (61 mm) maximum, and 
a base-to-base spacing of 0.65 inch (16.5 mm) 
minimum, measured between the most adjacent 
domes on the grid. 

705.5.4 Aiignment. Truncated domes shall be 
aligned in a square grid pattern. 

706 Assistive Listening Systems 

706.1 General. Accessible assistive listening sys- 
tems in assembly areas shall comply with Section 
706. 

706.2 Receiver Jaclcs. Receivers required for use 
with an assistive listening system shall include a 
Vg-inch (3.2 mm) standard mono jack. 

706.3 Receiver Hearing-Aid Compatibility. 

Receivers required to be hearing aid compatible 



shall interface with telecoils in hearing aids through 
the provision of neck loops. 

706.4 Sound Pressure Level. Assistive listening 
systems shall be capable of providing a sound pres- 
sure level of 110 dB minimum and 118 dB maxi- 
mum, with a dynamic range on the volume control of 
50 dB. 

706.5 Signal-to-Noise Ratio. The signal-to-noise 
ratio for internally generated noise in assistive lis- 
tening systems shall be 18 dB minimum. 

706.6 Peai( Clipping Level. Peak clipping shall not 
exceed 18 dB of clipping relative to the peaks of 
speech. 

707 Automatic Teller Machines (ATMs) and Fare 
Machines 

707.1 General. Accessible automatic teller 
machines and fare machines shall comply with Sec- 
tion 707. 

707.2 Clear Floor Space. A clear floor space com- 
plying with Section 305 shall be provided in front of 
the machine. 

EXCEPTION: Clear floor space is not required at 
drive up only automatic teller machines and fare 
machines. 

707.3 Operable Parts. Operable parts shall comply 
with Section 309. Each operable part shall be able 
to be differentiated by sound or touch, without acti- 
vation. 

EXCEPTION: Drive up only automatic teller 
machines and fare machines shall not be 
required to comply with Section 309.2 or 309.3. 



0.65 min 



1.6-2.4 




o o o o 
o o o o 



(a) Plan 



lO 



tA 



50% - 65% 
base diameter 



0.9 



-1.4 / 



-A- 



23-36 



(b) Elevation (Enlarged) 



Fig. 705.5 
Truncated Dome Size and Spacing 



72 



ICC/ANSI All 7. 1-2003 



Chapter 7. Communication Elements and Features 



707.4 Privacy. Automatic teller nnachines shall pro- 
vide the opportunity for the same degree of privacy 
of input and output available to all individuals. 

707.5 Numeric Keys. Numeric keys shall be 
arranged in a 12-key ascending or descending tele- 
phone keypad layout. The number Five key shall 
have a single raised dot. 

707.6 Function Keys. Function keys shall comply 
with Section 707.6. 

707.6.1 Tactile Symbols. Function key surfaces 
shall have raised tactile symbols as shown in 
Table 707.6.1. 

707.6.2 Contrast. Function keys shall contrast 
visually from background surfaces. Characters 
and symbols on key surfaces shall contrast visu- 
ally from key surfaces. Visual contrast shall be 
either light-on-dark or dark-on-light. 

EXCEPTION: Tactile symbols required by 
Section 707.6.1 shall not be required to com- 
ply with Section 707.6.2. 

707.7 Display Screen. The display screen shall 
comply with Section 707.7. 

707.7.1 Visibility. The display screen shall be 
visible from a point located 40 inches (1 01 5 mm) 
above the center of the clear floor space in front 
of the machine. 

EXCEPTION: Drive up only automatic teller 
machines and fare machines shall not be 
required to comply with Section 707.7.1 . 



Table 707.6.1— Tactile Symbols 



Key Function 


Description of 
Tactile Symbol 


Tactile 
Symbol 


Enter or Proceed: 


CIRCLE 


O 


Clear or Correct: 


LEFT ARROW 


<r- 


Cancel: 


"X" 


X 


Add Value: 


PLUS SIGN 


+ 


Decrease Value: 


MINUS SIGN 


- 



707.7.2 Characters. Characters displayed on 
the screen shall be in a sans serif font. The 
uppercase letter "I" shall be used to determine 
the allowable height of all characters of the font. 
The uppercase letter "I" of the font shall be 7,g 
inch (4.8 mm) minimum in height. Characters 
shall contrast with their background with either 
light characters on a dark background, or dark 
characters on a light background. 

707.8 Speech Output. Machines shall be speech 
enabled. Operating instructions and orientation, 
visible transaction prompts, user input verification, 
error messages, and all displayed information for 
full use shall be accessible to and independently 
usable by individuals with vision impairments. 
Speech shall be delivered through a mechanism 
that is readily available to all users including, but not 
limited to, an industry standard connector or a tele- 



/ \ y V 

^ { ^ f 

Si] [6 

. . . 

y \ /* V 



N f s r 

y \ y V 

y V J \ 

\ / \ / 



(a) 

12-Key 

Ascending 



Fig. 707.5 
Numeric Key Layout 



(b) 

12-Key 

Descending 



73 



Chapter 7. Communication Elements and Features 



ICC/ANSI A1 17. 1-2003 



phone handset. Speech shall be recorded or digi- 
tized human, or synthesized. 

EXCEPTIONS: 

1 . Audible tones shall be permitted in lieu of 
speech for visible output that is not dis- 
played for security purposes, including but 
not limited to, asterisks representing per- 
sonal identification numbers. 

2. Advertisements and other similar informa- 
tion shall not be required to be audible 
unless they convey Information that can be 
used in the transaction being conducted. 

3. Where speech synthesis cannot be sup- 
ported, dynamic alphabetic output shall not 
be required to be audible. 

707.8.1 User Control. Speech shall be capable 
of being repeated and interrupted by the user. 
There shall be a volume control for the speech 
function. 

EXCEPTION: Speech output for any single 
function shall be permitted to be automatically 
interrupted when a transaction Is selected. 

707.8.2 Receipts. Where receipts are provided, 
speech output devices shall provide audible bal- 
ance Inquiry information, error messages, and all 
other information on the printed receipt neces- 
sary to complete or verify the transaction. 

EXCEPTIONS: 

1 . Machine location, date and time of trans- 
action, customer account number, and 
the machine identifier shall not be 
required to be audible. 

2. Information on printed receipts that 
duplicates audible information available 
on-screen shall not be required to be 
presented in the form of an audible 
receipt. 

3. Printed copies of bank statements and 
checks shall not be required to be audi- 
ble. 

707.9 Input Controls. At least one factually dis- 
cernible input control shall be provided for each 
function. Where provided, key surfaces not on 
active areas of display screens shall be raised 
above surrounding surfaces. Where membrane 
keys are the only method of input, each shall be tac- 
tually discernable from surrounding surfaces and 
adjacent keys. 

707.10 Braille Instructions. Braille Instructions for 
initiating the speech mode shall be provided. Braille 
shall comply with Section 703.4. 



708 Two-Way Communication Systems 

708.1 General. Accessible two-way communication 
systems shall comply with Section 708. 

708.2 Audible and Visual Indicators. The system 
shall provide both visual and audible signals. 

708.3 Handsets. Handset cords, if provided, shall 
be 29 Inches (735 mm) minimum In length. 



74 



ICC/ANSI A11 7.1 -2003 



Chapter 8. Special Rooms and Spaces 



Chapter 8. Special Rooms and Spaces 



801 General 



801.1 Scope. Special rooms and spaces required 
to be accessible by the scoping provisions adopted 
by the administrative authority shall comply with the 
applicable provisions of Chapter 8. 

802 Assembly Areas 

802.1 General. Wheelchair spaces and wheel chair 
space locations in assembly areas with spectator 
seating shall comply with Section 802. 

802.2 Floor Surfaces. The floor surface of wheel- 
chair space locations shall have a slope not steeper 
than 1 :48 and shall comply with Section 302. 



36 min 



802.3 Width. A single wheelchair space shall be 36 
inches (915 mm) minimum in width. Where two 
adjacent wheelchair spaces are provided, each 
wheelchair space shall be 33 inches (840 mm) mini- 
mum in width. 

802.4 Depth. Where a wheelchair space location 
can be entered from the front or rear, the wheelchair 
space shall be 48 inches (1220 mm) minimum in 
depth. Where a wheelchair space location can only 
be entered from the side, the wheelchair space shall 
be 60 inches (1525 mm) minimum in depth. 

802.5 Approach. The wheelchair space location 
shall adjoin an accessible route. The accessible 
route shall not overlap the wheelchair space loca- 
tion. 



915 



33 min 



33 min 



fff 





(a) Single Space 



(b) Multiple Adjacent Spaces 



Fig. 802.3 
Width of a Wheelchair Space in Assembly Areas 



A 



1 

' r 

1 N 

1 

1 


11 


fill 

1 °o 

/ 1 ^ 



A 




(a) Front or Rear Access 



(b) Side Access 



Fig. 802.4 
Depth of a Wheelchair Space in Assembly Areas 



75 



Chapter 8. Special Rooms and Spaces 



ICC/ANSI All 7. 1-2003 



802.5.1 Overlap. A wheelchair space location 
shall not overlap the required width of an aisle. 

802.6 Integration of Wheelchair Space Loca- 
tions. Wheelchair space locations shall be an inte- 
gral part of any seating area. 

802.7 Companion Seat. A companion seat, com- 
plying with Section 802.7, shall be provided beside 
each wheelchair space. 

802.7.1 Companion Seat Type. The companion 
seat shall be comparable in size and quality to 
assure equivalent comfort to the seats within the 
seating area adjacent to the wheelchair space 
location. Companion seats shall be permitted to 
be moveable. 

802.7.2 Companion Seat Alignment. In row 

seating, the companion seat shall be located to 
provide shoulder alignment with the wheelchair 
space occupant. The shoulder of the wheelchair 
space occupant is considered to be 36 inches 
(915 mm) from the front of the wheelchair space. 
The floor surface for the companion seat shall be 
at the same elevation as the wheelchair space 
floor surface. 

802.8 Designated Aisle Seats. Designated aisle 
seats shall comply with Section 802.8. 

802.8.1 Armrests. Where armrests are provided 
on seating in the immediate area of designated 
aisle seats, folding or retractable armrests shall 
be provided on the aisle side of the designated 
aisle seat. 

802.8.2 Identification. Each designated aisle 
seat shall be identified by a sign or marker. 

802.9 Lines of Sight. Where spectators are 
expected to remain seated for purposes of viewing 
events, spectators in wheelchair space locations 
shall be provided with a line of sight in accordance 
with Section 802.9.1. Where spectators in front of 
the wheelchair space locations will be expected to 
stand at their seats for purposes of viewing events, 
spectators in wheelchair space locations shall be 
provided with a line of sight in accordance with Sec- 
tion 802.9.2. 

802.9.1 Line of Sight over Seated Spectators. 

Where spectators are expected to remain seated 
during events, spectators seated in wheelchair 
space locations shall be provided with lines of 
sight to the performance area or playing field 
comparable to that provided to spectators in clos- 
est proximity to the wheelchair space location. 
Where seating provides lines of sight over heads, 
spectators in wheelchair space locations shall be 
afforded lines of sight complying with Section 



802.9.1.1. Where wheelchair space locations 
provide lines of sight over the shoulder and 
between heads, spectators in wheelchair space 
locations shall be afforded lines of sight comply- 
ing with Section 802.9.1.2. 

802.9.1.1 Lines of Sight over Heads. Spec- 
tators seated in wheelchair space locations 
shall be afforded lines of sight over the heads 
of seated individuals in the first row in front of 
the wheelchair space location. 

802.9.1.2 Lines of Sight between Heads. 

Spectators seated in wheelchair space loca- 
tions shall be afforded lines of sight over the 
shoulders and between the heads of seated 
individuals in the first row in front of the wheel- 
chair space location. 

802.9.2 Line of Sight over Standing Specta- 
tors. Wheelchair space locations required to pro- 
vide a line of sight over standing spectators shall 
comply with Section 802.9.2. 

802.9.2.1 Distance from Adjacent Seating. 

The front of the wheelchair space location 
shall be 12 Inches (305 mm) maximum from 
the back of the chair or bench in front. 

802.9.2.2 Elevation. The elevation of the 
tread on which a wheelchair space location is 
located shall comply with Table 802.9.2.2. For 
riser heights other than those provided, inter- 
polations shall be permitted. 

802.10 Wheelchair Space Dispersion. Wheel- 
chair spaces shall be dispersed to the minimum 
number of locations in accordance with Table 
802.10. Wheelchair space locations shall be dis- 
persed in accordance with Sections 802.10.1, 
802.10.2 and 802.10.3. In addition, in spaces uti- 
lized primarily for viewing motion picture projection, 
wheelchair space locations shall be dispersed in 
accordance with Section 802.10.4. Once the 
required number of wheelchair space locations has 
been met, further dispersion is not required. 

802.10.1 Horizontal Dispersion. Wheelchair 
space locations shall be dispersed horizontally 
to provide viewing options. Locations shall be 
separated by a minimum of 10 intervening seats. 
Two wheelchair spaces shall be permitted to be 
located side-by-side. 

EXCEPTION: In venues where wheelchair 
space locations are provided on only one side 
or on two opposite sides of the performance 
area or playing field, horizontal dispersion is 



76 



ICC/ANSI All 7. 1-2003 



Chapter 8. Special Rooms and Spaces 



not required where the locations are within the 
2nd or 3rd quartile of the total row length. The 
wheelchair space locations and companion 
seats shall be permitted to overlap into the 1 st 
and 4th quartile of the total row length if the 



2nd and 3rd quartile of the row length does not 
provide the required length for the wheelchair 
space locations and companion seats. All 
intermediate aisles shall be included in deter- 
mining the total row length. 




Fig. 802.9.1.1 
Lines of Sight over the Heads of Seated Spectators 




Fig. 802.9.1 .2 
Lines of Sight between the Heads of Seated Spectators 



77 



Chapter 8. Special Rooms and Spaces 



ICC/ANSI A1 17. 1-2003 



12" 
maximum 



(IVIinimum height or 
wheelchair space) 



Line of sight angles 
equivalent 



Line of sight over the 
head of spectator two 
rows in front 




Calculation: 

P = [(2X + 34)(Y - 2.25)/X] + (20.2 - Y) 

Fig. 802.9.2 
Wheelchair Space Elevation 

Table 802.9.2.2 
Required Wheelchair Space Location Elevation Over Standing Spectators 



Riser height 


IMinimum height of the wheelchair space 
location based on row spacing^ 


Rows less than 33 
inches (840 mm)^ 


Rows 33 inches 

(840 mm) to 

44 inches (1120 mm)^ 


Rows over 
44 inches (1120 mm)^ 


inch (0 mm) 


16 inch (405 mm) 


16 inch (405 mm) 


16 inch (405 mm) 


4 inch (102 mm) 


22 inch (560 mm) 


21 inch (535 mm) 


21 inch (535 mm) 


8 inch (205 mm) 


31 inch (785 mm) 


30 inch (760 mm) 


28 inch (710 mm) 


12 inch (305 mm) 


40 inch (1015 mm) 


37 inch (940 mm) 


35 inch (890 mm) 


16 inch (406 mm) 


49 inch (1245 mm) 


45 inch (1145 mm) 


42 inch (1065 mm) 


20 inch (510 mm)^ 


58 inch (1475 mm) 


53 inch (1345 mm) 


49 inch (1245 mm) 


24 inch (610 mm) 


N/A 


61 inch (1550 mm) 


56 inch (1420 mm) 


28 inch (710 mm)* 


N/A 


69 inch (1750 mm) 


63 inch (1600 mm) 


32 inch (815 mm) 


N/A 


N/A 


70 inch (1780 mm) 


36 inch (915 mm) and higher 


N/A 


N/A 


77 Inch (1955 mm) 



(continued) 



78 



ICC/ANSI All 7. 1-2003 



Chapter 8. Special Rooms and Spaces 



Footnotes to Table 802.9.2.2 

''The height of the wheelchair space location is the vertical distance from the tread of the row of seats directly in front of the wheelchair 
space location to the tread of the wheelchair space location. 

^The row spacing is the back-to-back horizontal distance between the rows of seats in front of the wheelchair space location. 
^Seating treads less than 33 inches (840 mm) in depth are not permitted with risers greater than 18 inches (455 mm) in height. 
^Seating treads less than 44 inches (1 120 mm) in depth are not permitted with risers greater than 27 inches (685 mm) in height. 

NOTE: Table 802.8.9 is based on providing a spectator in a wheelchair a line of sight over the head of a spectator two rows in front of the 
wheelchair space location using average anthropometrical data. The table is based on the following calculation: 
[(2X+34)(Y-2.25)/X]+(20.2-Y) where Y is the riser height of the rows in front of the wheelchair space location and X is the tread depth of the 
rows in front of the wheelchair space location. The calculation is based on the front of the wheelchair space location being located 12 
inches (305 mm) from the back of the seating tread directly in front and the eye of the standing spectator being set back 8 inches (205 mm) 
from the riser. 

Table 802.10 
Wheelchair Space Dispersion 



Total seating in Assembly Areas 


Minimum required number of wheelchair spaces 


Up to 150 


1 


151 to 500 


2 


501 to 1000 


3 


1001 to 5,000 


3, plus 1 additional space for each 1 ,000 seats or portions 
thereof above 1 ,000 


5,001 and over 


7, plus 1 additional space for each 2,000 seats or portions 
thereof above 5,000 



802.10.2 Dispersion for Variety of Distances 
from the Event. Wheelchair space locations 
shall be dispersed at a variety of distances from 
the event to provide viewing options. Locations 
shall be separated by a minimunn of five interven- 
ing rows. 

EXCEPTIONS: 

1. In bleachers, wheelchair space loca- 
tions shall not be required to be provided 
in rows other than rows at points of entry 
to bleacher seating. 

2. In spaces utilized for viewing nnotion pic- 
ture projections, assembly spaces with 
300 seats or less shall not be required to 
comply with Section 802.10.2. 

3. in spaces other than those utilized for 
viewing motion picture projections, 
assembly spaces with 300 seats or less 
shall not be required to comply with Sec- 
tion 802.10.2 if the wheelchair space 
locations are within the front 50 percent 
of the total rows. 

802.10.3 Dispersion by Type. Where there are 
seating areas, each having distinct services or 
amenities, wheelchair space locations shall be 
provided within each seating area. 



802.10.4 Spaces Utilized Primarily for View- 
ing Motion Picture Projections. In spaces uti- 
lized primarily for viewing motion picture 
projections, wheelchair space locations shall 
comply with Section 802.10.4. 

802.10.4.1 Spaces with Seating on Risers. 

Where tiered seating is provided, wheelchair 
space locations shall be integrated into the 
tiered seating area. 

802.10.4.2 Distance from the Screen. 

Wheelchair space locations shall be located 
within the rear 70 percent of the seats pro- 
vided. 

803 Dressing, Fitting, and Locker Rooms 

803.1 General. Accessible dressing, fitting, and 
locker rooms shall comply with Section 803. 

803.2 Turning Space. A turning space complying 
with Section 304 shall be provided within the room. 

803.3 Door Swing. Doors shall not swing into the 
room unless a clear floor space complying with Sec- 
tion 305.3 is provided within the room, beyond the 
arc of the door swing. 

803.4 Benches. A bench complying with Section 
903 shall be provided within the room. 



79 



Chapter 8- Special Rooms and Spaces 



ICC/ANSI A1 17. 1-2003 



803.5 Coat Hooks and Shelves. Accessible coat 
hooks provided within the room shall accommodate 
a forward reach or side reach complying with Sec- 
tion 308. Where provided, a shelf shall be 40 inches 
(1015 mm) minimum and 48 inches (1220 mm) 
maximum above the floor. 

804 Kitchens and Kitchenettes 

804.1 Generai. Accessible kitchens and kitchen- 
ettes shall comply with Section 804. 

804.2 Clearance. Where a pass-through kitchen Is 
provided, clearances shall comply with Section 
804.2.1. Where a U-shaped kitchen Is provided, 
clearances shall comply with Section 804.2.2. 

EXCEPTION: Spaces that do not provide a 
cooktop or conventional range shall not be 
required to comply with Section 804.2. 

804.2.1 Pass-through Kitchens. In 

pass-through kitchens where counters, appliances 
or cabinets are on two opposing sides, or where 
counters, appliances or cabinets are opposite a 
parallel wall, clearance between all opposing base 
cabinets, counter tops, appliances, or walls within 
kitchen work areas shall be 40 inches (1015 mm) 



minimum. Pass^through kitchens shall have two 
entries. 

804.2.2 U-Shaped Areas. In kitchens enclosed 
on three contiguous sides, clearance between all 
opposing base cabinets, countertops, appli- 
ances, or walls within kitchen work areas shall be 
60 inches (1525 mm) minimum. 

804.3 Work Surface. Work surfaces shall comply 
with Section 902. 

EXCEPTION: Spaces that do not provide a 
cooktop or conventional range shall not be 
required to provide an accessible work surface. 

804.4 Sinks. Sinks shall comply with Section 606. 

804.5 Storage. At least 50 percent of shelf space In 
cabinets shall comply with Section 905. 

804.6 Appliances. Where provided, kitchen appli- 
ances shall comply with Section 804.6. 

804.6.1 Clear Floor Space. A clear floor space 
complying with Section 305 shall be provided at 
each kitchen appliance. Clear floor spaces are 
permitted to overlap. 



Oo 

oO 





40min 



1015 







o 


i 


V J 


f 







O 
i 

c > 

f 

V J 




Oo 

oO 


- 





40min 



1015 



(a) 



(b) 



Fig. 804.2.1 
Pass-through Kitchen Clearance 



80 



ICC/ANSI A11 7. 1-2003 



Chapter 8. Special Rooms and Spaces 





60min 



1525 



(a) 



eOmin 



1525 



(b) 



oo 
oo 



Fig. 804.2.2 
U-Shaped Kitchen Clearance 



804.6.2 Operable Parts. All appliance controls 
shall comply with Section 309. 

EXCEPTIONS: 

1. Appliance doors and door latching 
devices shall not be required to comply 
with Section 309.4. 

2. Bottom-hinged appliance doors, when 
in the open position, shall not be 
required to comply with Section 309.3. 

804.6.3 Dishwasher. A clear floor space, posi- 
tioned adjacent to the dishwasher door, shall be 
provided. The dishwasher door in the open posi- 
tion shall not obstruct the clear floor space for the 
dishwasher or an adjacent sink. 

804.6.4 Range or Cooktop. A clear floor space, 
positioned for a parallel or forward approach to 
the space for a range or cooktop, shall be pro- 
vided. Where the clear floor space is positioned 
for a fonward approach, knee and toe clearance 
complying with Section 306 shall be provided. 
Where knee and toe space is provided, the 
underside of the range or cooktop shall be insu- 
lated or othenwise configured to prevent burns, 
abrasions, or electrical shock. The location of 
controls shall not require reaching across burn- 
ers. 

804.6.5 Oven. Ovens shall comply with Section 
804.6.5. 



804.6.5.1 Side-Hinged Door Ovens. 

Side-hinged door ovens shall have a work sur- 
face complying with Section 804.3 positioned 
adjacent to the latch side of the oven door. 

804.6.5.2 Bottom-Hinged Door Ovens. Bot- 
tom-hinged door ovens shall have a work sur- 
face complying with Section 804.3 positioned 
adjacent to one side of the door. 

804.6.5.3 Controls. Ovens shall have con- 
trols on front panels. 

804.6.6 Refrigerator/Freezer. Combination 
refrigerators and freezers shall have at least 
50 percent of the freezer compartment 
shelves, including the bottom of the freezer, 
54 inches (1370 mm) maximum above the 
floor when the shelves are installed at the 
maximum heights possible in the compart- 
ment. A clear floor space, positioned for a par- 
allel approach to the space dedicated to a 
refrigerator/freezer, shall be provided. The 
centerline of the clear floor space shall be off- 
set 24 inches (610 mm) maximum from the 
centerline of the dedicated space. 

805 Transportation Facilities 

805.1 General. Transportation facilities shall com- 
ply with Section 805. 



81 



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ICC/ANSI A1 17. 1-2003 



805.2 Bus Boarding and Alighting Areas. Bus 

boarding and aligiiting areas siiall comply with Sec- 
tion 805.2. 

805.2.1 Surface. Bus stop boarding and alight- 
ing areas shall have a firm, stable surface. 

805.2.2 Dimensions. Bus stop boarding and 
alighting areas shall have a 96 inches (2440 mm) 
minimum clear length, measured perpendicular 
to the curb or vehicle roadway edge, and a 60 
inches (1525 mm) minimum clear width, mea- 
sured parallel to the vehicle roadway. 

805.2.3 Slope. The slope of the bus stop board- 
ing and alighting area parallel to the vehicle road- 
way shall be the same as the roadway, to the 
maximum extent practicable. The slope of the 
bus stop boarding and alighting area perpendic- 
ular to the vehicle roadway shall be 1 :48 maxi- 
mum. 

805.2.4 Connection. Bus stop boarding and 
alighting areas shall be connected to streets, 
sidewalks, or pedestrian paths by an accessible 
route complying with Section 402. 

805.3 Bus Shelters. Bus shelters shall provide a 
minimum clear floor space complying with Section 
305 entirely within the shelter. Bus shelters shall be 
connected by an accessible route complying with 
Section 402 to a boarding and alighting area com- 
plying with Section 805.2. 



805.4 Bus Signs. Bus route Identification signs 
shall have visual characters complying with Sec- 
tions 703.2.2, 703.2.3, and 703.2.5 through 
703.2.8. In addition, bus route identification num- 
bers shall be visual characters complying with Sec- 
tion 703.2.4. 

EXCEPTION: Bus schedules, timetables and 
maps that are posted at the bus stop or bus bay 
shall not be required to comply with Section 
805.4. 

805.5 Rail Platforms. Rail platforms shall comply 
with Section 805.5. 

805.5.1 Slope. Rail platforms shall not exceed a 
slope of 1 :48 in all directions. 

EXCEPTION: Where platforms serve vehi- 
cles operating on existing track or track laid In 
existing roadway, the slope of the platform par- 
allel to the track shall be permitted to be equal 
to the slope (grade) of the roadway or existing 
track. 

805.5.2 Detectable Warnings. Platform board- 
ing edges not protected by platform screens or 
guards shall have a detectable warning comply- 
ing with Section 705, 24 Inches (610 mm) in 
width, along the full length of the public use area 
of the platform. 



T^ 



60 min 



1525 



■7^ 



¥. 



k 



^^ 



Curb or vehicle 
roadway edge 



^ 



-^- 



r 



u 



i> 



Fig. 805.2.2 
Size of Bus Boarding and Alighting Areas 



82 



ICC/ANSI A1 17.1-2003 



Chapter 8. Special Rooms and Spaces 



Boarding 

and 
aiigliting 

area 




Curb or vehicle 
roadway edge 



4 



Fig. 805.3 
Bus Shelters 



805.6 Rail Station Signs. Rail station signs shall 
comply with Section 805.6. 

EXCEPTION: Signs shall not be required to com- 
ply with Sections 805.6.1 and 805.6.2 where 
audible signs are remotely transmitted to 
hand-held receivers, or are user- or proxim- 
ity-actuated. 

805.6.1 Entrances. Where signs identify a sta- 
tion or a station entrance, at least one sign with 
tactile characters complying with Section 703.3 
shall be provided at each entrance. 

805.6.2 Routes and Destinations. Lists of sta- 
tions, routes and destinations served by the sta- 
tion that are located on boarding areas, 
platforms, or mezzanines shall have visual char- 
acters complying with Section 703.2. A minimum 
of one tactile sign complying with Section 703.3 
shall be provided on each platform or boarding 
area to identify the specific station. 

EXCEPTION: Where sign space is limited, 
characters shall not be required to exceed 3 
inches (76 mm) in height. 

805.6.3 Station Names. Stations covered by this 
section shall have identification signs with visual 
characters complying with Section 703.2. The 
signs shall be clearly visible and within the sight 
lines of a standing or sitting passenger from 
within the vehicle on both sides when not 
obstructed by another vehicle. 



805.7 Public Address Systems. Where public 
address systems convey audible information to the 
public, the same or equivalent information shall be 
provided in a visual format. 

805.8 Clocks. Where clocks are provided for use by 
the public, the clock face shall be uncluttered so that 
its elements are clearly visible. Hands, numerals 
and digits shall contrast with the background either 
light-on-dark or dark-on-light. Where clocks are 
installed overhead, numerals and digits shall be 
visual characters complying with Section 703.2. 

805.9 Escalators. Where provided, escalators 
shall have a 32-inch (81 5 mm) minimum clear width, 
and shall comply with Requirements 6.1.3.5.6 - 
Step Demarcations, and 6.1.3.6.5 - Flat Steps of 
ASME A17.1 listed in Section 105.2.5. 

EXCEPTION: Existing escalators shall not be 
required to comply with Section 805.9. 

805.10 Track Crossings. Where a circulation path 
serving boarding platforms crosses tracks, it shall 
comply with Section 402. 

EXCEPTION: Openings for wheel flanges shall 
be permitted to be 2V2 inch (64 mm) maximum. 

806 Holding Cells and Housing Cells 

806.1 General. Holding cells and housing cells 
shall comply with Section 806. 



83 



Chapter 8. Special Rooms and Spaces 



ICC/ANSI A1 17. 1-2003 



2V2max 



2V2 max 




Fig. 805.10 
Track Crossings 



806.2 Features for People Using Wheelchairs or 
Other Mobility Aids. Cells required to have fea- 
tures for people using wheelchairs or other mobility 
aids shall comply with Section 806.2. 

806.2.1 Turning Space. Turning space comply- 
ing with Section 304 shall be provided within the 
cell. 

806.2.2 Benches. Where benches are provided, 
at least one bench shall comply with Section 903. 

806.2.3 Beds. Where beds are provided, clear 
floor space complying with Section 305 shall be 
provided on at least one side of the bed. The 
clear floor space shall be positioned for parallel 
approach to the side of the bed. 

806.2.4 Toilet and Bathing Facilities. Toilet 
facilities or bathing facilities provided as part of a 
cell shall comply with Section 603. 

806.3 Communication Features. Cells required to 
have communication features shall comply with 
Section 806.3. 

806.3.1 Alarms. Where audible emergency 
alarm systems are provided to serve the occu- 
pants of cells, visual alarms complying wrth Sec- 
tion 702 shall be provided. 

EXCEPTION: In cells where inmates or 
detainees are not allowed independent 
means of egress, visual alarms shall not be 
required. 

806.3.2 Telephones. Where provided, tele- 
phones within cells shall have volume controls 
complying with Section 704.3. 

807 Courtrooms 

807.1 General. Courtrooms shall comply with Sec- 
tion 807. 

807.2 Turning Space. Where provided, each area 
that is raised or depressed and accessed by ramps 



or platform lifts with entry ramps shall provide an 
unobstructed turning space complying with Section 
304. 

807.3 Clear Floor Space. Within the defined area 
of each jury box and witness stand, a clear floor 
space complying with Section 305 shall be pro- 
vided. 

EXCEPTION: In alterations, wheelchair spaces 
are not required to be located within the defined 
area of raised jury boxes or witness stands and 
shall be permitted to be located outside these 
spaces where ramps or platform lifts restrict or 
project into the means of egress required by the 
administrative authority. 

807.4 Judges' Benches and Courtroom Sta- 
tions. Judges' benches, clerks' stations, bailiffs' sta- 
tions, deputy clerks' stations, court reporters' 
stations and litigants' and counsel stations shall 
comply with Section 902. 



84 



ICC/ANSI A11 7.1 -2003 



Chapter 9. Built-in Furnishings and Equipment 



Chapter 9. Built-in Furnishings and Equipment 



901 General 

901.1 Scope. Built-in furnishings and equipnnent 
required to be accessible by the scoping provisions 
adopted by the administrative authority shall com- 
ply with the applicable provisions of Chapter 9. 

902 Dining Surfaces and Work Surfaces 

902.1 General. Accessible dining surfaces and 
work surfaces shall comply with Section 902. 

EXCEPTION: Dining surfaces and work sur- 
faces primarily for children's use shall be permit- 
ted to comply with Section 902.4. 

902.2 Clear Floor Space. Clear floor space com- 
plying with Section 305, positioned for a forward 
approach, shall be provided. Knee and toe clear- 
ance complying with Section 306 shall be provided. 

902.3 Height. The tops of dining surfaces and work 
surfaces shall be 28 inches (71 mm) minimum and 
34 inches (865 mm) maximum in height above the 
floor. 

902.4 Dining Surfaces and Work Surfaces for 
Children's Use. Accessible dining surfaces and 
work surfaces primarily for children's use shall com- 
ply with Section 902.4. 

EXCEPTION: Dining surfaces and work sur- 
faces used primarily by children ages 5 and 
younger shall not be required to comply with Sec- 
tion 902.4 where a clear floor space complying 
with Section 305, positioned for a parallel 
approach, is provided. 

902.4.1 Clear Floor Space. A clear floor space 
complying with Section 305, positioned for for- 
ward approach, shall be provided. Knee and toe 
clearance complying with Section 306 shall be 
provided. 

EXCEPTION: Knee clearance 24 inches (610 
mm) minimum above the floor shall be permit- 
ted. 

902.4.2 Height. The tops of tables and counters 
shall be 26 inches (660 mm) minimum and 30 
inches (760 mm) maximum above the floor. 

903 Benches 

903.1 General. Accessible benches shall comply 
with Section 903. 



903.2 Clear Floor Space. A clear floor space com- 
plying with Section 305, positioned for parallel 
approach to an end of the bench seat, shall be pro- 
vided. 

903.3 Size. Benches shall have seats 42 inches 
(1065 mm) minimum in length, and 20 inches (510 
mm) minimum and 24 inches (61 mm) maximum in 
depth. 

903.4 Back Support. The bench shall provide for 
back support or shall be affixed to a wall. Back sup- 
port shall be 42 inches (1065 mm) minimum in 
length and shall extend from a point 2 inches (51 
mm) maximum above the seat surface to a point 1 8 
inches (455 mm) minimum above the seat surface. 
Back support shall be 2V2 inches (64 mm) maxi- 
mum from the rear edge of the seat measured hori- 
zontally. 

903.5 Height. The top of the bench seat shall be 1 7 
inches (430 mm) minimum and 19 inches (485 mm) 
maximum above the floor, measured to the top of 
the seat. 

903.6 Structural Strength. Allowable stresses 
shall not be exceeded for materials used where a 
vertical or horizontal force of 250 pounds (1 1 12 N) 
is applied at any point on the seat, fastener mount- 
ing device, or supporting structure. 

903.7 Wet Locations. Where provided in wet loca- 
tions the surface of the seat shall be slip resistant 
and shall not accumulate water. 

904 Sales and Service Counters 

904.1 General. Accessible sales and service coun- 
ters shall comply with Section 904 as applicable. 

904.2 Approach. All portions of counters required 
to be accessible shall be located adjacent to a walk- 
ing surface complying with Section 403. 

904.3 Sales and Service Counters. Sales and 
service counters shall comply with Section 904.3.1 
or 904.3.2. The accessible portion of the countertop 
shall extend the same depth as the sales and ser- 
vice countertop. 

904.3.1 Parallel Approach. A portion of the 
counter surface 36 inches (91 5 mm) minimum in 
length and 36 inches (915 mm) maximum in 
height above the floor shall be provided. Where 
the counter surface is less than 36 inches (915 
mm) in length, the entire counter surface shall be 



85 



Chapter 9.;Built-ln Furnishings and Equipment 



ICC/ANSI A1 17. 1-2003 



36 Inches (915 mm) maximum in height above 
the floor. A clear floor space complying with Sec- 
tion 305, positioned for a parallel approach adja- 
cent to the accessible counter, shall be provided. 

904.3.2 Forward Approach. A portion of the 
counter surface 30 inches (760 mm) minimum in 
length and 36 inches (915 mm) maximum in 
height above the floor shall be provided. A clear 
floor space complying with Section 305, posi- 
tioned for a fonward approach to the accessible 
counter, shall be provided. Knee and toe clear- 
ance complying with Section 306 shall be pro- 
vided under the accessible counter. 

904.4 Checkout Aisles. Checkout aisles shall 
comply with Section 904.4. 

904.4.1 Aisle. Aisles shall comply with Section 
403. 

904.4.2 Counters. The checkout counter sur- 
face shall be 38 inches (965 mm) maximum in 
height above the floor. The top of the counter 
edge protection shall be 2 inches (51 mm) maxi- 
mum above the top of the counter surface on the 
aisle side of the checkout counter. 





aisle side 




Fig. 904.4.2 
Height of Checlcout Counters 



7- 



J 



bench 



V 



42 min 



1065 



-7^ 



(a) Clear Floor Space and Size 



lO 



^^ 



^ 



21 /2 max 



^c 





(b) Bench Back Support and Seat Height 

Fig. 903 
Benches 



86 



ICC/ANSI A1 17.1 -2003 



Chapter 9. Built-in Furnishings and Equipment 



904.4.3 Check Writing Surfaces. Where pro- 
vided, check writing surfaces shall comply with 
Section 902.3. 

904.5 Food Service Lines. Counters in food ser- 
vice lines shall comply with Section 904.5. 

904.5.1 Self-Service Shelves and Dispensing 
Devices. Self-service shelves and dispensing 
devices for tableware, dishware, condiments, 
food and beverages shall comply with Section 
308. 

904.5.2 Tray Slides. The tops of tray slides 
shall be 28 inches (710 mm) minimum and 34 
inches (865 mm) maximum above the floor. 

904.6 Security Glazing. Where counters or teller 
windows have security glazing to separate person- 
nel from the public, a method to facilitate voice com- 
munication shall be provided. Telephone handset 
devices, if provided, shall comply with Section 
704.3. 

905 Storage Facilities 

905.1 General. Accessible storage facilities shall 
comply with Section 905. 

905.2 Clear Floor Space. A clear floor space com- 
plying with Section 305 shall be provided. 

905.3 Height. Accessible storage elements shall 
comply with at least one of the reach ranges speci- 
fied in Section 308. 

905.4 Operable Parts. Operable parts of storage 
facilities shall comply with Section 309. 



87 



88 



ICC/ANSI A1 17. 1-2003 



Chapter 10. Dwelling Units and Sleeping Units 



Chapter 10. Dwelling Units and Sleeping Units 



1001 General 

1001.1 Scoping. Dwelling units and sleeping units 
required to be Accessible units, Type A units, Type B 
units, or units with accessible communication fea- 
tures by the scoping provisions adopted by the 
administrative authority shall comply with the appli- 
cable provisions of Chapter 10. 

1002 Accessible Units 

1002.1 General. Accessible units shall comply with 
Section 1002. 

1002.2 Primary Entrance. The accessible primary 
entrance shall be on an accessible route from public 
and common areas. The primary entrance shall not 
be to a bedroom. 

1002.3 Accessible Route. Accessible routes 
within Accessible units shall comply with Section 
1002.3. Exterior spaces less than 30 inches (760 
mm) in depth or width shall comply with Sections 
1002.3.1, 1002.3.3, 302, and 303. 

1 002.3.1 Location. At least one accessible route 
shall connect all spaces and elements that are a 
part of the unit. Where only one accessible route 
is provided, it shall not pass through bathrooms 
and toilet rooms, closets, or similar spaces. 

EXCEPTION: An accessible route is not 
required to unfinished attics and unfinished 
basements that are part of the unit. 

1 002.3.2 Turning Space. All rooms served by an 
accessible route shall provide a turning space 
complying with Section 304. 

1002.3.3 Components. Accessible routes shall 
consist of one or more of the following elements: 
walking surfaces with a slope not steeper than 
1 :20, ramps, elevators, and platform lifts. 

1002.4 Walking Surfaces. Walking surfaces that 
are part of an accessible route shall comply with 
Section 403. 

1002.5 Doors and Doorways. The primary 
entrance door to the unit, and all other doorways 
intended for user passage, shall comply with Sec- 
tion 404. 

EXCEPTION: Existing doors to hospital patient 
sleeping rooms shall be exempt from the require- 
ment for space at the latch side provided the door 
is 44 inches (1 120 mm) minimum in width. 



1002.6 Ramps. Ramps shall comply with Section 
405. 

1002.7 Elevators. Elevators within the unit shall 
comply with Section 407, 408, or 409. 

1002.8 Platform Lifts. Platform lifts within the unit 
shall comply with Section 410. 

1002.9 Operable Parts. Lighting controls, electrical 
switches and receptacle outlets, environmental 
controls, appliance controls, operating hardware for 
operable windows, plumbing fixture controls, and 
user controls for security or intercom systems shall 
comply with Section 309. 

EXCEPTIONS: 

1. Receptacle outlets serving a dedicated 
use. 

2. One receptacle outlet shall not be required 
to comply with Section 309 where all of the 
following conditions are met: 

(a) the receptacle outlet is above a 
length of countertop that is uninter- 
rupted by a sink or appliance; 

(b) at least one receptacle outlet com- 
plying with Section 1002.9 is pro- 
vided for that length of countertop; 
and 

(c) all other receptacle outlets provided 
for that length of countertop comply 
with Section 1002.9. 

3. Floor receptacle outlets. 

4. HVAC diffusers. 

5. Controls mounted on ceiling fans. 

6. Where redundant controls other than light 
switches are provided for a single element, 
one control in each space shall not be 
required to be accessible. 

1002.10 Laundry Equipment. Washing machines 
and clothes dryers shall comply with Section 61 1 . 

1002.11 Toilet and Bathing Facilities. Toilet and 
bathing facilities shall comply with Sections 603 
through 610. 

1 002.1 1 .1 Vanity Counter Top Space. 

If vanity counter top space is provided in 
nonaccessible dwelling or sleeping units within 
the same facility, equivalent vanity counter top 



89 



Chapter 10. Dwelling Units and Sleeping Units 



ICG/ANSI All 7. 1-2003 



space, in terms of size and proximity to the lava- 
tory, shall also be provided in Accessible units. 

1002.12 Kitchens. Kitchens shall comply with Sec- 
tion 804. At least one work surface, 30 inches (760 
mm) minimum in length, shall comply with Section 
902. 

1002.13 Windows. Where operable windows are 
provided, at least one window in each sleeping, liv- 
ing, or dining space shall have operable parts com- 
plying with Section 1002.9. Each required operable 
window shall have operable parts complying with 
Section 1002.9. 

1002.14 Storage Facilities. Where storage facili- 
ties are provided, they shall comply with Section 
905. Kitchen cabinets shall comply with Section 
804.5. 

1003 Type A Units 

1003.1 General. Type A units shall comply with 
Section 1003. 

1003.2 Primary Entrance. The accessible primary 
entrance shall be on an accessible route from public 
and common areas. The primary entrance shall not 
be to a bedroom. 

1003.3 Accessible Route. Accessible routes 
within Type A units shall comply with Section 
1003.3. Exterior spaces less than 30 inches (760 
mm) in depth or width shall comply with Sections 
1003.3.1, 1003.3.3, 302, and 303. 

1 003.3.1 Location. At least one accessible route 
shall connect all spaces and elements that are a 
part of the unit. Where only one accessible route 
is provided, it shall not pass through bathrooms 
and toilet rooms, closets, or similar spaces. 

EXCEPTION: An accessible route is not 
required to unfinished attics and unfinished 
basements that are part of the unit. 

1 003.3.2 Turning Space. All rooms served by an 
accessible route shall provide a turning space 
complying with Section 304. 

EXCEPTION: Toilet rooms and bathrooms 
that are not required to comply with Section 
1003.11. 

1003.3.3 Components. Accessible routes shall 
consist of one or more of the following elements: 
walking surfaces with a slope not steeper than 
1 :20, ramps, elevators, and platform lifts. 

1003.4 Walking Surfaces. Walking surfaces that 
are part of an accessible route shall comply with 
Section 403. 

1003.5 Doors and Doorways. The primary 
entrance door to the unit, and all other doorways 



intended for user passage, shall comply with Sec- 
tion 404. 

EXCEPTIONS: 

1 . Thresholds at exterior sliding doors shall be 
permitted to be ^U inch (1 9 mm) maximum 
in height, provided they are beveled with a 
slope not greater than 1 :2. 

2. In toilet rooms and bathrooms not required 
to comply with Section 1 003. 11 , maneuver- 
ing clearances required by Section 404.2.3 
are not required on the toilet room or bath- 
room side of the door. 

1003.6 Ramps. Ramps shall comply with Section 
405. 

1003.7 Elevators. Elevators within the unit shall 
comply with Section 407, 408, or 409. 

1003.8 Platform Lifts. Platform lifts within the unit 
shall comply with Section 410. 

1003.9 Operable Parts. Lighting controls, electrical 
switches and receptacle outlets, environmental 
controls, appliance controls, operating hardware for 
operable windows, plumbing fixture controls, and 
user controls for security or intercom systems shall 
comply with Section 309. 

EXCEPTIONS: 

1 . Receptacle outlets serving a dedicated 
use. 

2. One receptacle outlet is not required to 
comply with Section 309 where all of the fol- 
lowing conditions are met: 

(a) the receptacle outlet is above a 
length of countertop that is uninter- 
rupted by a sink or appliance; and 

(b) at least one receptacle outlet com- 
plying with Section 1003.9 is pro- 
vided for that length of countertop; 
and 

(c) all other receptacle outlets provided 
for that length of countertop comply 
with Section 1003.9. 

3. Floor receptacle outlets. 

4. HVAC diffusers. 

5. Controls mounted on ceiling fans. 

6. Where redundant controls other than light 
switches are provided for a single element, 
one control in each space shall not be 
required to be accessible. 

1003.10 Laundry Equipment. Washing machines 
and clothes dryers shall comply with Section 61 1 . 



90 



ICC/ANSI A1 17.1^2003 



Chapter 10. Dwelling Units and Sleeping Units 



1003.11 Toilet and Bathing Facilities. 

1003.11.1 General. All toilet and bathing areas 
shall comply with Section 1 003. 1 1 .9. At least one 
toilet and bathing facility shall comply with Sec- 
tion 1003.11. At least one lavatory, one water 
closet and either a bathtub or shower within the 
unit shall comply with Section 1003.11. The 
accessible toilet and bathing fixtures shall be in a 
single toilet/bathing area, such that travel 
between fixtures does not require travel through 
other parts of the unit. 

1003.11.2 Doors. Doors shall not swing into the 
clear floor space or clearance for any fixture. 

EXCEPTION: Where a clear floor space 
complying with Section 305.3 is provided 
within the room beyond the arc of the door 
swing. 

1003.11.3 Overlap. Clear floor spaces, clear- 
ances at fixtures and turning spaces are permit- 
ted to overlap. 

1 003.1 1 .4 Reinforcement. Reinforcement shall 
be provided for the future installation of grab bars 
and shower seats at water closets, bathtubs, and 
shower compartments. Where walls are located 
to permit the installation of grab bars and seats 
complying with Sections 604.5, 607.4, 608.3 and 
608.4, reinforcement shall be provided for the 
future installation of grab bars and seats meeting 
those, requirements. 

EXCEPTION: Reinforcement is not required 
in a room containing only a lavatory and a 
water closet, provided the room does not con- 
tain the only lavatory or water closet on the 
accessible level of the dwelling unit. 

1003.11.5 Lavatory. Lavatories shall comply 
with Section 606. 

EXCEPTION: Cabinetry shall be permitted 
under the lavatory, provided: 

(a) the cabinetry can be removed without 
removal or replacement of the lavatory; 

(b) the floor finish extends under such 
cabinetry; and 

(c) the walls behind and surrounding 
cabinetry are finished. 

1003.11.6 Mirrors. Mirrors above lavatories 
shall have the bottom edge of the reflecting sur- 
face 40 inches (1015 mm) maximum above the 
floor. 

1003.11.7 Water Closet. Water closets shall 
comply with Section 1 003.1 1 .7. 

1 003.1 1 .7.1 Location. The water closet shall 
be positioned with a wall to the rear and to one 



side. The centerline of the water closet shall 
be 16 inches (405 mm) minimum and 18 
inches (455 mm) maximum from the sidewall. 

1003.11.7.2 Clearance. A clearance around 
the water closet of 60 inches (1 525 mm) mini- 
mum, measured perpendicular from the side 
wall, and 56 inches (1420 mm) minimum, 
measured perpendicular from the rear wall, 
shall be provided. 

1003.1 1 .7.3 Overlap. The required clearance 
around the water closet shall be permitted to 
overlap the water closet, associated grab 
bars, paper dispensers, coat hooks, shelves, 
accessible routes, clear floor space required 
at other fixtures, and the wheelchair turning 
space. No other fixtures or obstructions shall 
be located within the required water closet 
clearance. 

EXCEPTION: A lavatory complying with 
Section 1003.1 1 .5 shall be permitted on the 
rear wall 18 inches (455 mm) minimum from 
the centerline of the water closet where the 
clearance at the water closet is 66 inches 
(1675 mm) minimum measured perpendicu- 
lar from the rear wall. 

1003.11.7.4 Height. The top of the water 
closet seat shall be 15 inches (380 mm) mini- 
mum and 19 inches (485 mm) maximum 
above the floor, measured to the top of the 
seat. 

1003.11.7.5 Flush Controls. Hand operated 
flush controls shall comply with Section 
1003.9. Flush controls shall be located on the 
open side of the water closet. 

1003.11.8 Bathtub. Bathtubs shall comply with 
Section 607. 

EXCEPTIONS: 

1 . The removable in-tub seat required by 
Section 607.3 is not required. 

2. Counter tops and cabinetry shall be per- 
mitted at the control end of the clear- 
ance, provided such counter tops and 
cabinetry can be removed and the floor 
finish extends under such cabinetry. 

1003.11.9 Shower. Showers shall comply with 
Section 608. 

EXCEPTION: Counter tops and cabinetry 
shall be permitted at the control end of the 
clearance, provided such counter tops and 



91 



Chapter 10, Dwelling Units and Sleeping Units 



ICG/ANSI A1 17. 1-2003 



cabinetry can be removed and the floor finish 
extends under such cabinetry. 

1003.12 Kitchens. Kitchens shall comply with Sec- 
tion 1003.12. 

1 003.1 2.1 Clearance. Clearance complying with 
Section 1003.12.1 shall be provided. 

1003.12.1.1 Minimum Clearance. Clearance 

between all opposing base cabinets, counter 
tops, appliances, or walls within kitchen work 
areas shall be 40 inches (1 01 5 mm) minimum. 

1003.12.1.2 U-Shaped Kitchens. In kitchens 
with counters, appliances, or cabinets on 
three contiguous sides, clearance between all 
opposing base cabinets, countertops, appli- 
ances, or walls within kitchen work areas shall 
be 60 inches (1525 mm) minimum. 



1003.12.2 Clear Floor Space. Clear floor 
spaces required by Sections 1003.12.3 through 
1003.12.6 shall comply with Section 305. 

1 003.1 2.3 Work Surface. At least one section of 
counter shall provide a work surface 30 inches 
(760 mm) minimum in length complying with 
Section 1003.12.3. 

1003.12.3.1 Clear Floor Space. A clear floor 
space, positioned for a forward approach to 
the work surface, shall be provided. Knee and 
toe clearance complying with Section 306 
shall be provided. The clear floor space shall 
be centered on the work surface. 

EXCEPTION: Cabinetry shall be permitted 
under the work surface, provided: 

(a) the cabinetry can be removed with- 
out removal or replacement of the 
work surface, 




405 - 455 

(a) Water Closet Location 

1 8 min i , 
455 f 




1525 



(c) Clearance with Lavatory 
(Overlap Exception) 




1525, 
(b) Minimum Clearance 




(d) Water Closet Height 



Fig. 1003.11.7 
Water Closets in Type A Units 



92 



ICC/ANSI A1 17. 1-2003 



Chapter 10. Dwelling Units and Sleeping Units 



(b) the floor finish extends under such 
cabinetry, and 

(c) the walls behind and surrounding 
cabinetry are finished. 



The work surface shall 
be 34 inches (865 mm) maximum above the 
floor. 

EXCEPTION" A counter that is adjustable 
to provide a work surface at variable 
heights 29 inches (735 mm) minimum and 
36 inches (915 mm) maximum above the 
floor, or that can be relocated within that 
range without cutting the counter or dam- 
aging adjacent cabinets, walls, doors, and 
structural elements, shall be permitted. 

100SJ2.3J Exposed Surfaces. There shall 
be no sharp or abrasive surfaces under the 
exposed portions of work surface counters. 

1003 J 2.4 Sonkc Sinks shall comply with Section 
1003.12.4. 




1525 
Note: Sink permitted per Section 608.2.2 

Fig. 1003.11.9 
Standard Ro6l-5n=Type Shower 
Compartment in Type A Units 



back wall 



back wail 




L 



f 



■A^ 



length of tub 



(0 






5 


^ 




^ 


"D 




•o 


C 




c 


0) 




0) 


■a 




o 


(0 




1- 

c 


U 




8 






\ 




,1 








c 








£ 


o 

CD 






o 


h- 






CO 








>1 








+ 



A^ 



length of tub 

With Permanent S@at 




Fig. 1003.11.8 
iranee for Bathtubs in Type A Units 



93 



Chapter 10. Dwelling Units and Sleeping Units 



ICC/ANSI A11 7. 1-2003 



1003.12.4.1 Clear Floor Space. A clear floor 
space, positioned for a forward approach to 
the sink, shall be provided. Knee and toe 
clearance complying with Section 306 shall be 
provided. The clear floor space shall be cen- 
tered on the sink bowl. 

EXCEPTIONS: 

1 . The requirement for knee and toe 
clearance shall not apply to more than 
one bowl of a multi-bowl sink. 

2. Cabinetry shall be permitted to be 
added under the sink, provided: 

(a) the cabinetry can be removed 
without removal or replace- 
ment of the sink, 

(b) the floor finish extends under 
such cabinetry, and 

(c) the walls behind and surround- 
ing cabinetry are finished. 




60min 



1525 

Fig. 1003.12.1.2 
U-Shaped Kitchen Clearance in Type A Units 







4 


o 


! 


V J 



Oo 

oO 



40 min 



1015 













oO 
Oo 


i 

! 


o 






' 






~ 


40 min 






1015 ^ 





(a) 



(b) 



Fig. 1003.12.1.1 
Minimum Kitchen Clearance in Type A Units 



94 



ICC/ANSI A11 7. 1-2003 



Chapter 10. Dwelling Units and Sleeping Units 



1 003.1 2.4.2 Height. The front of the sink shall 
be 34 inches (865 mm) maximum above the 
floor, measured to the higher of the rim or 
counter surface. 

EXCEPTION: A sink and counter that is 
adjustable to variable heights 29 inches 
(735 mm) minimum and 36 inches (915 
mm) maximum above the floor, or that can 
be relocated within that range without cut- 
ting the counter or damaging adjacent cabi- 
nets, walls, doors and structural elements, 
provided rough-in plumbing permits con- 
nections of supply and drain pipes for sinks 
mounted at the height of 29 inches (735 
mm), shall be permitted. 

1003.12.4.3 Faucets. Faucets shall comply 
with Section 309. 

1003.12.4.4 Exposed Pipes and Surfaces. 

Water supply and drain pipes under sinks 
shall be insulated or otherwise configured to 
protect against contact. There shall be no 
sharp or abrasive surfaces under sinks. 

1 003.1 2.5 Kitchen Storage. A clear floor space, 
positioned for a parallel or forward approach to 
the kitchen cabinets, shall be provided. 

1003.12.6 Appliances. Where provided, kitchen 
appliances shall comply with Section 1 003.1 2.6. 

1003.12.6.1 Operable Parts. All appliance 
controls shall comply with Section 1003.9. 

EXCEPTIONS: 

1. Appliance doors and door latching 
devices shall not be required to com- 
ply with Section 309.4. 



2. Bottom-hinged appliance doors, 
when in the open position, shall not be 
required to comply with Section 
309.3. 

1003.12.6.2 Clear Floor Space. A clear floor 
space, positioned for a parallel or forward 
approach, shall be provided at each kitchen 
appliance. Clear floor spaces shall be permit- 
ted to overlap, , 

1 003.1 2.6.3 Dishwasher. A clear floor space, 
positioned adjacent to the dishwasher door, 
shall be provided. The dishwasher door in the 
open position shall not obstruct the clear floor 
space for the dishwasher or an adjacent sink. 

1003.12.6.4 Range or Cooktop. A clear floor 
space, positioned for a parallel or forward 
approach to the space for a range or cooktop, 
shall be provided. Where the clear floor space 
is positioned for a forward approach, knee and 
toe clearance complying with Section 306 
shall be provided. Where knee and toe space 
is provided, the underside of the range or 
cooktop shall be insulated or otherwise con- 
figured to protect from burns, abrasions, or 
electrical shock. The location of controls shall 
not require reaching across burners. 

1003.12.6.5 Oven. Ovens shall comply with 
Section 1003.12.6.5. Ovens shall have con- 
trols on front panels, on either side of the door. 

1003.12.6.5.1 Side-Hinged Door Ovens. 

Side-hinged door ovens shall have a 
countertop positioned adjacent to the latch 
side of the oven door. 



30 mln* 



760 



T 



7^- 



30 min' 



760 



6V2 max 
165 



' 36 min. (915) if part of T-shaped turning 
space per Sections 304.3.2 and 1003.3.2 



' 36 min. (915) if part of T-shaped turning 
space per Sections 304.3.2 and 1003.3.2 



Fig. 1003.12.3 
Work Surface in Kitchen for Type A Units 



Fig. 1003.12.4 
Kitchen Sink for Type A Units 



95 



Chapter 10. Dwelling Units and Sleeping Units 



ICC/ANSI A11 7. 1-2003 



1003.12.6.5.2 Bottom-Hinged Door 
Ovens. Bottom-hinged door ovens shall 
have a countertop positioned adjacent to 
one side of the door. 

1003.12.6.6 Refrigerator/Freezer. Combina- 
tion refrigerators and freezers shall have at 
least 50 percent of the freezer compartment 
shelves, including the bottom of the freezer 54 
inches (1370 mm) maximum above the floor 
when the shelves are installed at the maxi- 
mum heights possible in the compartment. A 
clear floor space, positioned for a parallel 
approach to the space dedicated to a refriger- 
ator/freezer, shall be provided. The centerline 
of the clear floor space shall be offset 24 
inches (610 mm) maximum from the center- 
line of the dedicated space. 

1003.12.6.7 Trash Compactor. A clear floor 
space, positioned for a parallel or forward 
approach to the trash compactor, shall be pro- 
vided. 

1003.13 Windows. Where operable windows are 
provided, at least one window in each sleeping, liv- 
ing, or dining space shall have operable parts com- 
plying with Section 1003.9. Each required operable 
window shall have operable parts complying with 
Section 1003.9. 

1003.14 Storage Facilities. Where storage facili- 
ties are provided, they shall comply with Section 
1 003. 1 4. Kitchen cabinets shall comply with Section 
1003.12.5. 

1003.14.1 Clear Floor Space. A clear floor 
space complying with Section 305, positioned for 
a parallel or forward approach, shall be provided 
at each storage facility. 

1003.14.2 Height. A portion of the storage area 
of each storage facility shall comply with at least 
one of the reach ranges specified in Section 308. 

1003.14.3 Operable Parts. Operable parts on 
storage facilities shall comply with Section 309. 

1004 Type B Units 

1004.1 General. Type B units shall comply with 
Section 1004. 

1004.2 Primary Entrance. The accessible primary 
entrance shall be on an accessible route from public 
and common areas. The primary entrance shall not 
be to a bedroom. 

1004.3 Accessible Route. Accessible routes 
within Type B units shall comply with Section 
1004.3. 



1 004.3.1 Location. At least one accessible route 
shall connect all spaces and elements that are a 
part of the unit. Where only one accessible route 
is provided, it shall not pass through bathrooms 
and toilet rooms, closets, or similar spaces. 

EXCEPTION: One of the following is not 
required to be on an accessible route: 

1. A raised floor area in a portion of a living, 
dining, or sleeping room; or 

2. A sunken floor area in a portion of a liv- 
ing, dining, or sleeping room; or 

3. A mezzanine that does not have plumb- 
ing fixtures or an enclosed habitable 
space. 

1004.3.2 Components. Accessible routes shall 
consist of one or more of the following elements: 
walking surfaces with a slope not steeper than 
1 :20, doorways, ramps, elevators, and platform 
lifts. 

1004.4 Walking Surfaces. Walking surfaces that 
are part of an accessible route shall comply with 
Section 1004.4. 

1004.4.1 Width. Clear width of an accessible 
route shall comply with Section 403.5. 

1004.4.2 Changes in Level. Changes in level 
shall comply with Section 303. 

EXCEPTION: Where exterior deck, patio or 
balcony surface materials are impervious, the 
finished exterior impervious surface shall be 4 
inches (100 mm) maximum below the floor 
level of the adjacent interior spaces of the unit. 

1004.5 Doors and Doorways. Doors and door- 
ways shall comply with Section 1004.5. 

1004.5.1 Primary Entrance Door. The primary 
entrance door to the unit shall comply with Sec- 
tion 404. 

EXCEPTION: Maneuvering clearances 
required by Section 404.2.3 shall not be 
required on the unit side of the primary 
entrance door. 

1004.5.2 User Passage Doorways. Doorways 
intended for user passage shall comply with Sec- 
tion. 1004.5.2. 

1004.5.2.1 Clear Width. Doorways shall have 
a clear opening of 31 ^U inches (81 mm) mini- 
mum. Clear opening of swinging doors shall 
be measured between the face of the door and 
stop, with the door open 90 degrees. 



96 



ICC/ANSI A1 17.1-2003 



Chapter 10. Dwelling Units and Sleeping Units 



1004.5.2.2 Thresholds. Thresholds shall 
comply with Section 303. 

EXCEPTION: Thresholds at exterior slid- 
ing doors shall be permitted to be % inch 
(19 mm) maximum in height, provided they 
are beveled with a slope not steeper than 
1:2. 

1004.5.2.3 Automatic Doors. Automatic 
doors shall comply with Section 404.3. 

1004.5.2.4 Double Leaf Doorways. Where 
an inactive leaf with operable parts higher 
than 48 inches (1220 mm) or lower than 15 
inches (380 mm) above the floor is provided, 
the active leaf shall provide the clearance 
required by Section 1004.5.2.1 . 

1004.6 Ramps. Ramps shall comply with Section 
405. 

1004.7 Elevators. Elevators within the unit shall 
comply with Section 407, 408, or 409. 

1004.8 Platform Lifts. Platform lifts within the unit 
shall comply with Section 410. 

1004.9 Operable Parts. Lighting controls, electrical 
switches and receptacle outlets, environmental 
controls, and user controls for security or intercom 
systems shall comply with Sections 309.2 and 
309.3. 

EXCEPTIONS: 

1. Receptacle outlets serving a dedicated 
use. 

2. One receptacle outlet is not required to 
comply with Sections 309.2 and 309.3 
where all of the following conditions are 
met: 

(a) the receptacle outlet is above a 
length of countertop that is uninter- 
rupted by a sink or appliance; and 

(b) at least one receptacle outlet com- 
plying with Section 1004.9 is pro- 
vided for that length of countertop; 
and 

(c) all other receptacle outlets provided 
for that length of countertop comply 
with Section 1004.9. 

3. Floor receptacle outlets. 

4. HVAC diffusers. 

5. Controls mounted on ceiling fans. 

6. Controls or switches mounted on appli- 
ances. 

7. Plumbing fixture controls. 



1004.10 Laundry Equipment Washing machines 
and clothes dryers shall comply with Section 
1004.10. 

1004.10.1 Clear Floor Space. A clear floor 
space complying with Section 305.3, positioned 
for parallel approach, shall be provided. The 
clear floor space shall be centered on the appli- 
ance. 

1004.11 Toilet and Bathing Facilities. Toilet and 
bathing fixtures shall comply with Section 1 004. 1 1 . 

EXCEPTION: Fixtures on levels not required to 
be accessible. 

1 004.1 1 .1 Clear Floor Space. Clear floor space 
required by Section 1004.11.3.1 or 1004.11.3.2 
shall comply with Sections 1 004.1 1 . 1 and 305.3. 

1 004.1 1.1.1 Doors. Doors shall not swing into 
the clear floor space for any fixture. 

EXCEPTION: Where a clear floor space 
complying with Section 305.3, excluding 
knee and toe clearances under elements, 
is provided within the room beyond the arc 
of the door swing. 

1004.11.1.2 Knee and Toe Clearance. Clear 
floor space at fixtures shall be permitted to 
include knee and toe clearances complying 
with Section 306. 

1 004.1 1 .1 .3 Overlap. Clear floor spaces shall 
be permitted to overlap. 

1004.11.2 Reinforcement. Reinforcement shall 
be provided for the future installation of grab bars 
and shower seats at water closets, bathtubs, and 
shower compartments. Where walls are located 
to permit the installation of grab bars and seats 
complying with Sections 604.5, 607.4, 608.3 and 
608.4, reinforcement shall be provided for the 
future installation of grab bars and seats meeting 
those requirements. 

EXCEPTION: Reinforcement is not required 
in a room containing only a lavatory and a 
water closet, provided the room does not con- 
tain the only lavatory or water closet on the 
accessible level of the unit. 

1 004.1 1 .3 Toilet and Bathing Rooms. Either all 
toilet and bathing rooms provided shall comply 
with Section 1004.1 1 .3.1 (Option A), or one toilet 
and bathing room shall comply with Section 
1004.11.3.2 (Option B). 

1004.11.3.1 Option A. Each fixture provided 
shall comply with Section 1004.11.3.1. 

EXCEPTION: A lavatory and a water closet 
in a room containing only a lavatory and 



97 



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ICC/ANSI A1 17.1-2003 



water closet, provided the room does not 
contain the only lavatory or water closet on 
the accessible level of the unit. 

1004.11.3.1.1 Lavatory. A clear floor 
space complying with Section 305.3, posi- 
tioned for a parallel approach, shall be pro- 
vided. The clear floor space shall be 
centered on the lavatory. 

EXCEPTIONS: 

1 . A lavatory complying with Section 
606. 

2. Cabinetry shall be permitted under 
the lavatory provided such 
cabinetry can be removed without 
removal or replacement of the lav- 
atory and the floor finish extends 
under such cabinetry 




Clear Floor Space 

Fig. 1004.11.3.1.1 

Lavatory in Type B Units — 

Option A Bathrooms 

1004.11.3.1.2 Water Closet. The lateral 
distance from the centerline of the water 
closet to a bathtub or lavatory shall be 18 
inches (455 mm) minimum on the side 
opposite the direction of approach and 15 
inches (380 mm) minimum on the other 
side. The lateral distance from the center- 
line of the water closet to an adjacent wall 
shall be 18 inches (455 mm). The lateral 
distance from the centerline of the water 
closet to a lavatory or bathtub shall be 1 5 
inches (380 mm) minimum. The. water 
closet shall be positioned to allow for future 
installation of a grab bar on the side with 1 8 
inches (455 mm) clearance. Clearance 



around the water closet shall comply with 
Section 1004.11.3.1.2.1, 1004.11.3.1.2.2, 
or 1004.1 1.3.1.2.3. 

1004.11.3.1.2.1 Parallel Approach. A 

clearance 56 inches (1420 mm) mini- 
mum measured from the wall behind the 
water closet, and 48 inches (1220 mm) 
minimum measured from a point 18 
inches (455 mm) from the centerline of 
the water closet on the side designated 
for future installation of grab bars shall 
be provided. Vanities or lavatories on the 
wall behind the water closet are permit- 
ted to overlap the clearance. 

1004.11.3.1.2.2 Forward Approach. A 

clearance 66 inches (1675 mm) mini- 
mum measured from the wall behind the 
water closet, and 48 inches (1220 mm) 
minimum measured from a point 18 
inches (455 mm) from the centerline of 
the water closet on the side designated 
for future installation of grab bars shall 
be provided. Vanities or lavatories on the 
wall behind the water closet are permit- 
ted to overlap the clearance. 

1004.11.3.1.2.3 Parallel or Forward 

Approach. A clearance 56 inches (1 420 
mm) minimum measured from the wall 
behind the water closet, and 42 inches 
(1 065 mm) minimum measured from the 
centerline of the water closet shall be 
provided. 

1 004.1 1 .3.1 .3 Bathing Facilities. Where a 
bathtub or shower compartment is pro- 
vided it shall conform with Section 
1004.11.3.1.3.1, 1004.11.3.1.3.2, or 
1004.11.3.1.3.3. 

1004.11.3.1.3.1 Parallel Approach 
Bathtubs. A clearance 60 inches (1525 
mm) minimum in length and 30 inches 
(760 mm) minimum in width shall be pro- 
vided in front of bathtubs with a parallel 
approach. Lavatories complying with 
Section 606 shall be permitted in the 
clearance. A lavatory complying with 
Section 1004.11.3.1.1 shall be permit- 
ted at the control end of the bathtub if a 
clearance 48 inches (1220 mm) mini- 
mum in length and 30 inches (760 mm) 
rninimum in width for a parallel approach 
is provided in front of the bathtub. 

1004.11.3.1.3.2 Forward Approach 
Bathtubs. A clearance 60 inches (1525 
mm) minimum in length and 48 inches 
(1220 mm) minimum in width shall be 



98 



ICC/ANSI A1 17. 1-2003 



Chapter 10. Dwelling Units and Sleeping Units 



provided in front of bathtubs with a for- 
ward approach. A water closet shall be 
permitted in the clearance at the control 
end of the bathtub. 

1004.11.3.1.3.3 Shower Compart- 
ment. If a shower compartment is the 
only bathing facility, the shower com- 
partment shall have dimensions of 36 
inches (915 mm) minimum in width and 
36 inches (91 5 mm) minimum in depth. A 
clearance of 48 inches (1220 mm) mini- 
mum in length, measured perpendicular 
from the shower head wall, and 30 
inches (760 mm) minimum in depth, 
measured from the face of the shower 



compartment, shall be provided. Rein- 
forcing for a shower seat is not required 
in shower compartments larger than 36 
inches (915 mm) in width and 36 inches 
(915 mm) in depth. 

1 004.1 1 .3.2 Option B. One of each type of f ix- 
ture provided shall comply with Section 
1004.1 1 .3.2. The accessible fixtures shall be 
in a single toilet/bathing area, such that travel 
between fixtures does not require travel 
through other parts of the unit. 

1004.11.3.2.1 Lavatory. Lavatories shall 
comply with Section 1 004. 1 1 .3.2.1 . 



15min 18* 



380 




'18 min (455) to a fixture 
(a) Water Closet Location 




1220 
(c) Forward Approach 




1220 
(b) Parallel Approach 









A 




4> 



42 min 



1065 



18 



455 






(d) Parallel or Forward Approach 



Fig. 1004.11.3.1.2 
Water Closets in Type B Units 



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Chapter 10. Dwelling Units and Sleeping Units 



ICC/ANSI A1 17. 1-2003 



1004.11.3.2.1.1 Clear Floor Space. A 

clear floor space complying with Section 
305.3, positioned for a parallel 
approach, shall be provided. 

EXCEPTIONS: 

1 . A lavatory complying with Sec- 
tion 606. 

2. Cabinetry shall be permitted 
under the lavatory, provided 
such cabinetry can be removed 
without removal or replacement 



of the lavatory, and the floor fin- 
ish extends under such 
cabinetry. 

1004.11.3.2.1.2 Position. The clear 
floor space shall be centered on the lav- 
atory. 

1 004.1 1 .3.2.1 .3 Height. The front of the 
lavatory shall be 34 inches (865 mm) 
maximum above the floor, measured to 
the higher of the fixture rim or counter 
surface. 



back wall 



back wall 



Lavatory 
complying with 
Section 606 




Lavatory 
complying with 
Section 1004.11.3.1.1 



1220 



(b) 

Fig. 1004.11.3.1.3.1 
Parallel Approach Bathtub in Type B Units— Option A Bathrooms 



back wall 



36min 




1525 



Fig. 1004.11.3.1.3.2 
Forward Approach Bathtub in Type B Units- 
Option A Bathrooms 




1220 



Fig. 1004.11.3.1.3.3 

Transfer-Type Shower Compartment in 

Type B Units 



100 



ICC/ANSI A11 7.1 -2003 



Chapter 10. Dwelling Units and Sleeping Units 



1004.11.3.2.2 Water Closet. The water 
closet shall comply with Section 
1004.11.3.1.2. 

1004.11.3.2.3 Bathing Facilities. Where 
either a bathtub or shower compartment is 
provided, it shall conform with Section 
1004.11.3.2.3.1 or 1004.11.3.2.3.2. 

1004.11.3.2.3.1 Bathtub. A clearance 
48 inches (1220 mm) minimum in length 
measured perpendicular from the con- 
trol end of the bathtub, and 30 inches 
(760 mm) minimum in width shall be pro- 
vided in front of bathtubs. 

1004.11.3.2.3.2 Shower Compart- 
ment. A shower compartment shall com- 
ply with Section 1004.1 1 .3.1 .3.3. 

1004.12 Kitchens. Kitchens shall comply with Sec- 
tion 1004.12. 

1 004.1 2.1 Clearance. Clearance complying with 
Section 1004.12.1 shall be provided. 

1004.12.1.1 Minimum Clearance. Clearance 

between all opposing base cabinets, counter 
tops, appliances, or walls within kitchen work 
areas shall be 40 inches (1 01 5 mm) minimum. 

1004.12.1.2 U-Shaped Kitchens. In kitchens 
with counters, appliances, or cabinets on 
three contiguous sides, clearance between all 
opposing base cabinets, countertops, appli- 
ances, or walls within kitchen work areas shall 
be 60 inches (1525 mm) minimum. 



1004.12.2 Clear Floor Space. Clear floor space 
at appliances shall comply with Sections 
1004.12.2 and 305.3. 

1004.12.2.1 Sinl<;. A clear floor space, posi- 
tioned for a parallel approach to the sink, shall 
be provided. The clear floor space shall be 
centered on the sink bowl. 

EXCEPTION: Sinks complying with Sec- 
tion 606 shall be permitted to have a clear 
floor space positioned for a parallel or for- 
ward approach. 

back wall 




1220 



Fig. 1004.11.3.2.3.1 
Bathroom Clearance in Type B Units- 
Option B Bathrooms 




(a) Clear Floor Space 




Fig. 1004.11.3.2.1 
Lavatory in Type B Units— Option B Bathrooms 



(b) Height 



101 



Chapter 10. Dwelling Units and Sleeping Units 



ICe/ANSIA1 17. 1-2003 



1 004.1 2.2.2 Dishwasher. A clear floor space, 
positioned for a parallel or forward approach to 
the dishwasher, shall be provided. The clear 
floor space shall be positioned beyond the 
swing of the dishwasher door. 

1004.12.2.3 Cooktop. A clear floor space, 
positioned for a parallel orfonward approach to 
the cooktop, shall be provided. The centerline 
of the clear floor space shall align with the cen- 
terline of the cooktop. Where the clear floor 
space is positioned for a forward approach, 
knee and toe clearance complying with Sec- 
tion 306 shall be provided. Where knee and 
toe space is provided, the underside of the 
range or cooktop shall be insulated or other- 
wise configured to prevent burns, abrasions, 
or electrical shock. 

1004.12.2.4 Oven. A clear floor space, posi- 
tioned for a parallel or forward approach to the 
oven, shall be provided. 





60min 



1525 

Fig. 1004.12.1.2 
U-Shaped Kitchen Clearance in Type B Units 



i 





? 


V J 



Oo 

oO 



40 min 



1015 









oO 
Oo. 


4 

f 


O 
V J 










^ ' 








40 min 


. 




1015 '' 





(a) 



(b) 



Fig. 1004.12.1.1 
l\/linimum Kitchen Clearance in Type B Units 



102 



ICC/ANSI A1 17. 1-2003 



Chapter 10. Dwelling Units and Sleeping Units 



-,^ 



1004.12.2.5 Refrigerator/Freezer. A clear 
floor space, positioned for a parallel or forward 
approach to the refrigerator/freezer, shall be 
provided. 

1004.12.2.6 Trash Compactor. A clear floor 
space, positioned for a parallel or fonward 
approach to the trash compactor, shall be pro- 
vided. 

1005 Units with Accessibie Communication 
Features 

1005.1 General. Units required to have accessible 
communication features shall comply with Section 
1005. 

1005.2 Unit Smol(e Detection. Where provided, 
unit smoke detection shall include audible notifica- 
tion complying with NFPA 72 listed in Section 
105.2.2. 

1005.3 Building Fire Alarm System. Where a 
bi'llding fire alarm system is provided, the system 
wiring shall be extended to a point within the unit in 
the vicinity of the unit smoke detection system. 

;005.4 Visible Notification Appliances. Visible 
/notification appliances, where provided within the 
unit as part of the unit smoke detection system or 
the building fire alarm system, shall comply with 
Section 1005.4. 

1005.4.1 Appliance. Visible notification appli- 
ances shall comply with Section 702. 

1005.4.2 Activation. All visible notification appli- 
ances provided within the unit for smoke detec- 
tion notification shall be activated upon smoke 
detection. All visible notification appliances pro- 
vided within the unit for building fire alarm notifi- 
cation shall be activated upon activation of the 
building fire alarm in the portion of the building 
containing the unit. 

1005.4.3 Interconnection. The same visible 
notification appliances shall be permitted to pro- 
vide notification of unit smoke detection and 
building fire alarm activation. 

1005.4.4 Prohibited Use. Visible notification 
appliances used to indicate unit smoke detection 
or building fire alarm activation shall not be used 
for any other purpose within the unit. 

1005.5 Unit Primary Entrance. Communication 
features shall be provided at the unit primary 
entrance complying with Section 1005.5. 

1005.5.1 Notification. A hard-wired electric 
doorbell shall be provided. A button or switch 
shall be provided on the public side of the unit pri- 



mary entrance. Activation of the button or switch 
shall initiate an audible tone within the unit. 

1005.5.2 Identification. A means for visually 
identifying a visitor without opening the unit entry 
door shall be provided. Peepholes, where used, 
shall provide a minimum 180-degree range of 
view. 

1 005.6 Site, Building, or Floor Entrance. Where a 
system permitting voice communication between a 
visitor and the occupant of the unit is provided at a 
location other than the unit entry door, the system 
shall comply with Section 1005.6. 

1005.6.1 Public or Common-Use Interface. 

The public or common-use system interface 
shall include the capability of supporting voice 
and TTY communication with the unit interface. 

1005.6.2 Unit Interface. The unit system inter- 
face shall include a telephone jack capable of 
supporting voice and TTY communication with 
the public or common-use system interface. 

1005.7 Closed-Circuit Communication Sys- 
tems. Where a closed-circuit communication sys- 
tem is provided, the public or common-use system 
interface shall comply with Section 1005.6.1, and 
the unit system interface in units required to have 
accessible communication features shall comply 
with Section 1005.6.2. 



103 



y^ 



\ 



104 



A117.1 2003 errata 

10 September, 2007 



Page 54: In Table 606.7, the second column in the first row should read as "0.5 inch 

(13 mm)" 

Page 79: In the note to Table 802.9.2.2 the table number should be "802.9.2.2" 

instead of "802.8.9." 



A117.1 2003 errata 
1 March, 2007 

Page 41 : In Section 504.8. 1 change the section heading to "Illumination level." 

Page 41 : In Section 504.8. 1 in the third line, change the word "luminance" to be 

"illuminance." The sentence should read " 10 foot-candles (108 lux) of 

illuminance measured at " 

Page 41 : In Section 504.8.2 in the third line, change the word "luminance" to be 

"illuminance." The sentence should read " stairway lighting so the 

illuminance level required by " 

Page 44: In Section 506 add a new section number and heading of "Section 506.1 

General". The section would then read: 

Section 506 Windows 

Section 506.1 General. Accessible windows shall have operable 

parts complying with Section 309. 

Page 51: In Figures 604.8.5 (a), 604.8.5 (b) and 604.8.5 (c) delete the word "min" 

from the 6 inch toe clearance dimension string. 

Page 79: In Table 802.10 revise the heading of the second column to be "Minimum 

required number of dispersed locations." 



A117.1 2003 errata 

13 December, 2005 



Page VI: In the third line of the last paragraph, the reference should be to the "ICC Al 17. 1- 

2003" instead of to the "ICC 300-2002." 

Page IX: The number of professional members on the committee is 13 instead of 8. This 

also results in a total of 43 members instead of 38. 

Page 2: The figure should be labeled as "Fig. 104.3" instead of "Fig 104.2." 

Page 7: Figure 302.2 should have the dimension string modified so that it only measures 

the height of the carpet pile and does not include the backing/pad. Figure should 
appear as shown below. 



1/2 max 




Page 16: In Figure 403.5.1(a) the dimension string on the left side should read "48 Min" 

instead of "48 Max." 

Page 54: In section 607.4 exception 2, the reference should be to section "1003.11.4" 

instead of "1003. 11.9." 

Page 57: In Figure 608.2.1, delete the word "min" from the dimension string at the top of 

the figure. The dimension string should read "36" instead of "36 min." 

Page 57: In section 608.3 exception 2, the reference should be to section "1003.11.4" 

instead of "1003. 11.9." 

Page 59: In section 608.4 exception 2, the reference should be to section "1003.11.4" 

instead of "1003. 11.9." 

Page 90: In section 1003.3.2, the exception should reference "Sections 1003.11.5 through 

1003.11.9" instead of "Section 1003.11." 



Page 91 : In section 1003. 1 1. 1 the reference in the second line should be to section 

"1003.11.4" instead of to section "1003.11.9." 

Page 95: In figure 1003. 12.4, delete the dimension string which measures the bowl depth of 

the sink and the "6-1/2 max" dimension which is tied with it.