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Full text of "Graduate Catalog / the University of Maryland, College Park"

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BOARD OF 
REGENTS 



Mr. George V. McGowan. Chairperson 
Mr. Roger Blunt, Vice Chairperson 
Dr. Albert N. Whiting, Secretary- 
Mrs. Ilona M. Hogan. Treasurer 
Ms. Constance M. Unseld. Assistant Secretary 
Mr. Robert L. Walker. Ex-Ojficio 
Ms. Margaret Alton 
Ms. Mary Arabian 
Mr. Richard O. Berndt 
Mr. Benjamin L. Brown 
Mr. Earle Palmer Brown 
Mr. Charles W. Cole. Jr. 
Mr. Chad Gobel 
Mr. Frank A. Gunther, Jr. 
Ms. Ann Hull 
Mr. Henry R. Lord 
Mr. Franklin P. Perdue 



OFFICERS OF THE 
UNIVERSITY SYSTEM 



Dr. Donald N. Langenberg. Chancellor 

Dr. George Marx. Interim Vice Chancellor for 

Academic Affairs 

Mr. Donald L. Myers. Vice Chancellor for 

General Administration 

Mr. John K. Martin, Vice Chancellor for 

Advancement 



OFFICERS OF THE 
COLLEGE PARK 
CAMPUS 



Dr. William E. Kirwan. President 

Dr. Jacob K. Goldhaber. Acting Vice President 

for Academic Affairs and Provost 

Dr. Charles F. Sturtz. Vice President for 

Administrative Affairs 

Dr. William L. Thomas. Jr.. Vice President for 

Student Affairs 

Ms. Kathryn Costello. Vice President for 

Institutional Advancement 



THE GRADUATE SCHOOL 
COLLEGE PARK CAMPUS 



Dr. Timothy J Ng. Acting Dean for Graduate 
Studies and Research 



GRADUATE CATALOG 



The University of Maryland 
College Park 



1992-1994 



Digitized by tine Internet Archive 

in 2010 with funding from 

Lyrasis IVIembers and Sloan Foundation 



http://www.archive.org/details/graduatecatalogu1992univ 



A Guide to Graduate Programs 



A Guide to Graduate Programs 



Graduate Program 


Degrees Offered 


(course code) 




Aerospace Engineering 


M.S.. Ph.D. 


(ENAE) 




Agricultural & Resource 


M.S., Ph.D. 


Economics 




(AREC) 




Agricultural Engineering 


M.S., Ph.D. 


(ENAG) 




Agronomy 


M.S., Ph.D. 


(AGRO) 




American Studies 


M.A., Ph.D. 


(AMST) 




Arumal Sciences 


M.S.. Ph.D. 


(ADVP) 




Anthropology 


M.A.A. 


(ANTH) 




Applied Mathematics 


M.A., Ph.D. 


(MAPL) 




Architecture 


M.Arch. 


(ARCH) 




Art History & Archeology 


M.A., Ph.D. 


(ARTH) 




Art 


M.F.A. 


(ARTT) 




Astronomy 


M.S., Ph.D. 


(ASTR) 




Biochemistry 


M.S., Ph.D. 


(BCHM) 





Page 



85 



86 



88 



90 



92 



94 



96 



97 



100 



102 



105 



106 



108 



Graduate Studies 
Office and Telephone 

Rm. 0151, Engineering 
Classroom Bldg. 
405-2376 

Rm. 2200F. Symons Hall 
405-1291 



Rm. 1130, Shriver Lab 
405-1198 

Rm. 1109, H.J. Patterson Hall 
405-1306 

Rm. 2101, South Campus Surge 

Bldg. 

405-1354 

Rm. 2131, Animal Science Bldg. 
405-1391 

Rm. 1111, Woods Hall 

405-1423 

Rm. 1112, Mathematics Bldg. 
405-5062 

Rm. 1298. Architecture Bldg. 
405-6284 

Rm. 121 IB, Art-Sociology Bldg. 
405-1479 

Rm. 121 IE, Art-Sociology Bldg. 
405-1442 

Rm. 1205, Computer & Space 

Science Bldg. 

405-3001 

Rm. 1330, Chemistry Bldg. 
405-7022 



A Guide to Graduate Programs 



Botany 


M.S., Ph.D. 


(BOTN) 




Business & Management 


M.S.. M.B.A. 


(BMGT) 




Business & Management 


Ph.D. 


(BMGT) 




Business/Law 


M.B.A./J.D. 


Combined 




(BMGT) 




Business/Public 


M.B.A./M.P.M. 


Management Combined 




(BMGT) 




Chemical Engineering 


M.S., Ph.D. 


(ENCH) 




Chemical Physics 


M.S., Ph.D. 


(CHPH) 




Chemistry 


M.S., Ph.D. 


(CHEM) 




Civil Engineering 


M.S., Ph.D. 


(ENCE) 




Classics 


M.A. 


(CLAS) 




Comparative Literature 


M.A., Ph.D. 


(CMLT) 




Computer Science 


M.S., Ph.D. 


(CMSC) 




Counseling & Personnel 


M.Ed., M.A., 


Services 


Ph.D.. A.G.S. 


(EDCP) 


Certificate 


Creative Writing 


M.F.A. 


(ENGL) 





110 Rm. 3236, H.J. Patterson Hall 

405-1649 

112 Rm. 3104, Tydings Hall 
405-2278 

113 Rm. 0139, Tydings Hall 
405-2214 

114 Rm. 3104, Tydings Hall 
405-2278 



115,216 Rm. 3104, Tydings Hall 

405-2278 



116 Rm. 1223B, Chemical 
Engineering Bldg. 
405-1935 

117 Rm. 1115, Institute for Physical 
Science & Technology 
405-4780 

119 Rm. 1330, Chemistry Bldg. 

405-7022 

121 Rm. 1 1 79. Engineering 
Classroom 
405-1980 

122 Rm. 4220. Jimenez Hall 

405-2013 

124 Rm. 2107, South Campus Surge 

Bldg. 
405-2853 

126 Rm. 1 1 19, A.V. Williams Bldg. 
405-2664 

127 Rm. 1210, Benjamin Bldg. 
405-2858 



142 Rm. 3119. South Campus Surge 

Bldg. 
405-3798 



A Guide to Graduate Programs 



Criminal Justice & 


M.A.. Ph.D. 


Criminology 




(CRIM) 




Curriculum & Instruction 


M.Ed.. M.A.. 


(EDCI) 


Ed.D., Ph.D.. 




A.G.S. Certificate 


Dance 


M.F.A. 


(DANC) 




Economics 


M.A., Ph.D. 


(ECON) 




Education Policy, Planning & 


M.A., M.Ed., 


Administration 


Ed.D., Ph.D., 


(EDPA) 


A.G.S. Certificate 


Electrical Engineering 


M.S.. Ph.D. 


(ENEE) 




Engineering Materials 


M.S.. Ph.D. 


(ENMA) 




English Language & 


M.A., Ph.D. 


Literature 




(ENGL) 




Entomology 


M.S., Ph.D. 


(ENTM) 




Family & Community 


M.S. 


Development 




(FMCD) 




Fire Protection Engineering 


M.S. 


(ENFP) 




Food Science 


M.S.. Ph.D. 


(FDSC) 





130 



132 



134 



136 



137 



139 



141 



142 



144 



146 



147 



149 



Rm. 2220, LeFrak Hall 
405-4699 



Rm. 1210, Benjamin BIdg. 
405-3324 



Rm. 1132. Dance Bldg. 
405-3180 

Rm. 3127F, TydingsHall 
405-3544 

Rm. 1210, Benjamin Bldg. 
405-3574 



Rm. 3181. Engineering 
Classroom Bldg. 
405-3681 

Rm. 1110. Chemical Engineering 

Bldg. 

405-5211 

Rm. 3119. South Campus Surge 

Bldg. 

405-3798 

Rm. 1300B. Symons Hall 
405-3912 

Suite 1204, Marie Mount Hall 
405-3672 



Rm. 0147. Engineering 
Classroom Bldg. 
405-3991 

Rm. 2113. Animal Science 
Center 

405-1377 



French Language & Literature M.A., Ph.D. 
(FRIT) 



151 



Rm. 3122, Jimenez Hall 
405-4024 



Geography 
(GEOG) 



M.A., Ph.D. 



152 



Rm. 1173, LeFrak Hall 
405-4057 



A Guide to Graduate Programs 



Geography/Library & 


M.A., 


, M.L.S 


Information Services 






(GELS) 






Geology 


M.S.. 


Ph.D. 


(GEOL) 






Germanic Language & 


M.A.. 


, Ph.D. 


Literature 






(GERS) 






Government & Politics 


M.A.. 


, Ph.D. 


(GVPT) 






Health Education 


M.A.. 


, Ph.D. 


(HLTH) 







154 



154 



156 



158 



159 



Rm. 4110, Hombake Library 
405-2038 



Rm. 1115, Geology Bldg. 

405-4365 



Rm. 3215, Jimenez Hall 
405-4091 



Rm. 2181F, LeFrak Hall 
405-4161 

Rm. 2387, Physical Education, 
Recreation and Health Bldg. 

405-2464 



Hearing & Speech Science M.A.. Ph.D. 

(HESP) 



161 



Rm. 0100, LeFrak Hall 
405-4214 



History 


M.A., Ph.D. 


(HIST) 




History/Library & Information 


M.A., M.L.S. 


(HILS) 




Horticulture 


M.S., Ph.D. 


(HORT) 




Human Development 


M.Ed., M.A., 


(EDHD) 


Ed.D., Ph.D., 




A.G.S. Certificate 


Journalism 


M.A., Ph.D. 


(JOUR) 




Kinesiology 


M.A., Ph.D. 


(KNES) 




Law/Public Management 


M.P.M., J.D. 


Combined 




(PUAF) 




Library & Information 


M.L.S., Ph.D. 


Services 




(LBSC) 





163 



166 



167 



169 



171 



173 



216 



176 



Rm. 2115, Francis Scott Key 
Hall 

405-4264 

Rm. 4110, Hombake Library 

405-2038 

Rm. 1122, Holzapfel Hall 

405-4357 

Rm. 1210. Benjamin Bldg. 

405-2827 



Rm. 1117, Journalism Bldg. 
405-2380 

Rm. 2343, Physical Education, 
Recreation & Health Bldg. 

405-2455 

Suite 2105. Morrill Hall 
405-6330 



Rm. 4110, Hombake Library 

405-2038 



A Guide to Graduate Programs 7 



Linguistics 


MA. 


. Ph.D. 


(LING) 






Marine-Estuarine- 


M.S., 


Ph.D. 


Environmental Sciences 






(MEES) 






Mathematical Statistics 


M.A. 


. Ph.D. 


(STAT) 






Mathematics 


MA. 


. Ph.D. 


(MATH) 






Measurement. Statistics and 


M.A. 


, Ph.D. 


Evaluation 






(EDMS) 






Mechanical Engineering 


M.S., 


Ph.D. 


(ENME) 






Meterology 


M.S.. 


Ph.D. 


(METO) 






Microbiology 


M.S., 


Ph.D. 


(MICE) 






Molecular and Cell Biology 


Ph.D. 




(M(X:B) 






Music 


MM. 


. D.M.A. 


(MUSC) 


Ph.D. 




Nuclear Engineering 


M.S., 


Ph.D. 


(ENNLT) 






Nutrition 


M.S.. 


Ph.D. 


(NUTR) 






Philosophy 


M.A., 


, Ph.D. 


(PHIL) 






Physics 


M.S.. 


Ph.D. 


(PHYS) 







178 



179 



182 



184 



187 



189 



191 



195 



197 



199 



202 



203 



205 



208 



Rm. 1103. Mill Bldg. 
405-7002 

Rm. 1209. Symons Hall 
405-6938 



Rm. 1112, Mathematics Bldg. 
405-5061 

Rm. 1112, Mathematics Bldg. 

405-5058 

Rm. 1210, Benjamin Bldg. 
405-3624 



Rm. 2168, Engineering 
Classroom Bldg. 
405-4216 

Rm. 2207A. Computer & Space 

Sciences Bldg. 

405-5373 

Rm. 1117, Microbiology Bldg. 
405-5435 

Rm. 2125, Animal Sciences 

Bldg. 

405-6991 

Rm. 1219C. Tawes Fine Arts 

Bldg. 

405-5870 

Rm. 2309. Chemical Engineering 

Bldg. 

405-5208 

Rm. 3304, Marie Mount Hall 
405-2139 

Rm. 1122A, Skinner Bldg. 
405-5689 

Rm. 1302D, Physics Bldg. 

405-5982 



8 A Guide to Graduate Programs 



Policy Studies 


Ph.D. 


(PUAF) 




Poultr>' Science 


M.S.. Ph.D. 


(POUL) 




Psychology 


M.S., M.A., Ph.D. 


(PSYC) 




Public Management 


M.P.M. 


(PUAF) 




Public Policy 


M.P.P. 


(PUAF) 




Reliability Engineering 


M.S., Ph.D. 


(ENRE) 




Russian Language, 


M.A. 


Literature and Linguistics 




(RUSS) 




Sociology 


M.A., Ph.D. 


(SOCY) 




Spanish Language & 


M.A., Ph.D. 


Literature 




(SPAP) 




Special Education 


M.Ed., M.A., 


(EDSP) 


Ed.D., Ph.D., 




A.G.S. Certificate 


Speech Conununication 


M.A., Ph.D. 


(SPCM) 




Sustainable Development & 


M.S. 


Conservation Biology 




(CONS) 




Systems Engineering 


M.S. 


(ENSE) 




Theatre 


M.A., M.F.A., 


(THET) 


Ph.D. 



214 



211 



214 



214 



218 



219 



220 



222 



224 



227 



228 



230 



232 



Suite 2105, MorriU Hall 
405-6330 



Rm. 3113, Animal Science Bldg. 
405-5775 

Rm. 1220, Zoology-Psychology 

Bldg. 

405-5865 

Suite 2105, Morrill HaU 
405-6330 

Suite 2105, Morrill Hall 
405-6330 

Rm. 2141 Chemical Engineering 

Bldg. 

405-5208 

Rm. 3215, Jimenez Hall 
405-4091 



Rm. 2103, Art-Sociology Bldg. 

405-6390 

Rm. 2215, Jimenez Hall 
405-6446 



Rm. 1210, Benjamin Bldg. 
405-6515 



Rm. 1 147, Tawes Fine Arts 

Bldg. 

405-6519 

Rm. 1201, Zoology-Psychology 

Bldg. 

405-7409 

Rm. 2168, A.V. Wilhams Bldg. 
405-6613 

Rm. 1 146, Tawes Fine Arts 

Bldg. 

405-6676 



A Guide to Graduate Programs 



Toxicology 


M.S.. Ph.D. 


(TOXI) 




Urban Studies & Planning* 


M.C.R 


(URSP) 




Zoology 


M.S., Ph.D 


(ZOOL) 





233 



235 



237 



Rm. 0308, Symons Hall 
405-3919 

Rm, 1117, LcFrak Hall 
405-6790 

Rm. 2231, Zoology-Psychology 

Bldg. 

405-6905 



♦Urban Studies and Planning (URSP) has been replaced by Community Planning (CMPL), which 
grants an M.C.P. degree. The M.A. is no longer offered. 



1 Contents 

Contents 

Part 1: General Information 

Admission to Graduate School 

General 14 

Criteria for Admission 14 

Eligibility 15 

Categories of Admission to Degree Programs 15 

Non-degree Admission Categories 16 

Admission to an Institute 19 

Offer of Admission 19 

Change of Status or Program 19 

Termination of Admission 19 

The Admission Process 20 

Calculation of Grade Point Average for Application 21 

Admission of Faculty 21 

Application Deadlines 21 

International Students 22 

Records Maintenance and Disposition 23 

Fees and Expenses 

Graduate Fees 23 

Determination of In-State Status for Admission, 

Tuition and Charge-Differential Purposes 24 

Payment of Fees 25 

Refund of Fees 25 

University Refund Statement 26 

Fellowships, Assistantships and Financial Assistance 

Fellowships 27 

Graduate School Tuition Scholarships 28 

Assistantships 29 

Work-Study Program 29 

Loans and Part-time Employment 30 

Veterans' Benefits 31 

Registration and Credits 

Academic Calendar 31 

Developing a Program 31 

Course Numbering System 32 

Designation of Full and Part-time Students 32 



Contents 1 1 



Minimum Registration Requirements 33 

Dissertation Research 33 

Continuous Registration 33 

Partial Credit Course Registration - Handicapped Students 34 

The Inter-Campus Student 34 

Registration Through the Washington Consortium Arrangement 34 

Visiting Students 35 

Graduate Credit for Senior Undergraduates 35 

Undergraduate Credit for Graduate Level Courses 36 

Combined Bachelor's/Master's Programs 36 

Credit by Examination 36 

Transfer of Credit 37 

Criteria for Graduate Credit 38 

Statement on Non-Participation by Students in Class 

Exercises that Involve Animals 38 

Course and Credit Changes 38 

Grades for Graduate Students 40 

Academic Discipline Policy 40 

Grading Systems 41 

Computation of Grade Point Average 41 

The Academic Record (Transcripts) 42 



Degree Requirements 



Graduate School Requirements Applicable to Master's Degrees 42 

Graduate School Requirements for the Degrees of Master of Arts 

and Master of Science 43 

Thesis Option 43 

Non-thesis Option 44 

Requirements for M.Ed. Degree 44 

Requirements Applicable to Other Master's Degrees 45 

Graduate School Requirements Applicable to Doctoral Degrees 45 

Graduate School Requirements - Doctor of Philosophy Degree 46 

Constitution of Dissertation Committee 46 

The Dissertation Committee and the Conduct of the 

Dissertation Defense 47 

Inclusion of Previously Published Materials in a Thesis 

or Dissertation 48 

Requirements for the Degree of Doctor of Education 48 

Requirements for Other Doctoral Degrees 48 

Time Extension Governing Degrees 49 

Waiver of Regulations 49 

Commencement 49 



Facilities and Special Resources 

Location ^^ 

Special Research Resources 50 



1 2 Contents 



Special Opportunities for Artists 51 

Libraries 52 

Associations and Bureaus 54 

Centers and Committees 54 

Institutes 70 

Offices 72 

Laboratories 73 

Consortia 74 



Student Services 



Office of Graduate Minority Affairs 78 

Graduate Legal Aid Office 78 

Graduate Student Government 79 

Campus Senate 79 

Off-Campus Housing 79 

Graduate Housing 80 

Dining Services 81 

Career Development Center 81 

Counseling Center 81 

Health Care 82 

Health Insurance 83 

Publications of Interest to Graduate Students 83 



Part 2: Graduate Programs 85 

Degree Programs 85 

Certificate Programs 240 



Part 3: Graduate Course Descriptions 246 

Part 4: The Graduate Faculty 499 

Part 5: Appendices 573 

University Policy Statements 573 

Policy on Student Participation in Class Exercises 

that Involve Animals 573 

Policies on Non-Discrimination 573 

Policy on Smoking and Guidelines 574 

Resolution on Academic Integrity 574 

Code of Academic Integrity 577 

Code of Student Conduct 577 

University Policy on Disclosure of Student Records 578 

Campus Policy and Procedures on Sexual Harassment 584 



Contents 1 3 

Index 585 

Disclaimer 

The provisions of this publication are not to be regarded as a contract between the student and 
the University of Maryland. At the time of publication, every reasonable effort was made to 
attain factual accuracy in the material presented. The catalog is not intended to be a complete 
statement of all procedures, rules and regulations governing graduate degree and non-degree 
programs. The University of Maryland reserves the right to make changes in fees, course 
offerings, and general regulations and requirements without prior notice. 

For the most up-to-date information on course offerings, program requirements, and deadlines, 
write or call the department or program to which you are applying. 



14 Admission to Graduate School 



General Information 



Admission to Graduate School 

Responsibility for admitting applicants to graduate programs rests with the Dean for Graduate 
Studies and Research. Academic department and program officers along with faculty 
committees review admissions applications and credentials and make admissions 
recommendations to the Dean. In the cases where credentials were earned abroad, the staff 
of the International Education Services is consulted. The standards maintained by the 
Graduate School and individual departments and programs are applied to ensure that applicants 
admitted to the University are well qualified and trained to study at this institution and have 
a reasonable expectation of successfully completing a graduate program. Standards for 
admission to doctoral degree programs are frequently higher than those for admission to 
master's degree programs. In many degree programs, the number of applications received 
from qualified applicants for graduate study regularly exceeds the number of applicants who 
can be accommodated. In such cases, only the most highly qualified are offered admission. 
The number of spaces available in various departments is limited according to the availability 
of faculty, special resources and funds for students requiring financial assistance. 

Criteria for Admission 

Those applicants who have earned or will earn a bachelor's degree at a regionally accredited 
college or university in the United States, or the equivalent of this degree in another country, 
will be considered for admission to the Graduate School at UMCP. 

The decision to admit an applicant to a program is based primarily on a combination of the 
following criteria according to the requirements of a specific program or department. 

1 . Quality of previous undergraduate and graduate work. The Graduate School 
normally requires as a minimum standard a B average or 3.0 on a 4.0 scale, in a program 
of study resulting in the award of a baccalaureate degree from a regionally accredited college 
or university. If an applicant has studied at the graduate level elsewhere, less weight may, but 
not necessarily, be placed on the quality of the undergraduate academic record. Some 
programs may require a higher minimum grade average for admission. 

2. Strength of letters of recommendation from persons competent to judge the 
applicant's probable success in graduate school. These letters are usually from the 
applicant's former professors who are able to give an in-depth evaluation of the applicant's 
strengths and weaknesses with respect to academic work. Additional recommendations may 
come from employers or supervisors who are familiar with the applicant's work experience. 
Applicants should instruct their references to send all letters of recommendation directly to the 
program in which they desire entrance. 

3. Scores on a nationally standardized examination. The three most widely used 
standardized examinations are the Graduate Record Examination (GRE), the Graduate 
Management Admissions Test (GMAT) and the Miller Analogies Test (MAT). Because the 



Admission to Graduate School 1 5 



predictive utility of these test scores may vary from one group of applicants to another, a 
discriminating use of all relevant materials will be made in each applicant's case. For 
information on the programs that require any of these tests, please see the List of 
Graduate programs in this catalog and the instructions that accompany application forms. 

4. Statement by the applicant of academic career objectives and their relation 
to the intended program of study. These statements help the department or program identify 
students whose goals are consonant with its objectives. 

5. Other evidence of graduate potential. Some programs require other evidence of 
graduate potential, such as a portfolio of creative work, completion of specialized examinations 
or personal interviews. 

Notes About Eligibility for Admission 

1 . Prospective students may apply for admission to the University of Maryland at 
College Park during or after their final year of undergraduate study but must furnish proof of 
graduation before the end of their first term of enrollment at the University. 

2. Prospective students applying for admission to a graduate degree program in a field 
of specialization in which they already hold that same degree or its equivalent may do so only 
if the previous degree program was of substantially different character or was not accredited. 

3. Prospective Summer only-Students applying for entrance in either of the two 
summer sessions should check the Summer Sessions Bulletin to determine if the courses they 
wish to take will be offered. To obtain this publication, write to Summer Sessions Office, 
University of Maryland. College Park, MD 20742-5121. 

4. a. Non-U. S. Citizens who are legal permanent residents of the U.S. and/or 
immigrants may use domestic applications for admission. To assure full consideration, all 
credentials accompanied by English language translations for all documents not written in 
English must be received by the Graduate School at least three months prior to the first day 
of classes of the semester for which the applicants are seeking admission. 

b. Foreign applicants (i.e., applicants who are not permanent residents of the U.S. 
and/or immigrants) must use the International Student Application Form obtainable from the 
Office of Graduate Admissions, Graduate School, University of Maryland, College Park, MD 
20742. To assure full consideration, all credentials accompanied by English language 
translations for all documents not written in English must be received by the Graduate School 
at least seven months prior to the first day of classes of the semester for which the applicants 
are seeking admission. 

Categories of Admission to Degree Programs 

Applicants for degree programs may be admitted to either full or provisional status as 
outlined below: 



1 6 Admission to Graduate School 



Full Graduate Status 

Students admitted to full graduate status must have submitted official documents indicating 
a completed baccalaureate degree from a regionally accredited institution and be otherwise 
fully qualified in the judgment of the individual program and the Graduate School. 

Provisional Graduate Status 

Students may be admitted to provisional status because: 

1. The previous academic record is borderline; or 

2. The prerequisite coursework in the chosen field is insufficient; or 

3. The applicant has majored in another field with a creditable record 
not yet clearly demonstrated abilities in the proposed new field; or 

4. The applicant has completed the baccalaureate degree but has not yet 
submitted official verification of the last semester's work and receipt of the degree. 

Official transcripts indicating receipt of the degree must be submitted before the end of the 
first semester. 

Non-degree Admission Categories 

Advanced Graduate Specialist Certificate Status 

The Advanced Graduate Specialist Program is designed to promote a high level of 
professional competence in an area of specialization in the field of education. The candidate 
must be able to show that he or she can operate as an effective counselor, administrator, 
teacher or skilled person in a major field of professional endeavor. The Advanced Graduate 
Specialist Certificate is offered through most of the programs in the College of Education and 
the Agricultural and Extension Education program in the College of Agriculture. The 
Certificate is awarded by the College of Education or by the College of Agriculture. 
Requirements are as follows: 

1 . Applicants must meet the same general criteria for admission as those prescribed 
for degree seekers. Additionally, the applicant must have completed a master's degree or the 
equivalent in credits earned either at the University of Maryland or at another regionally 
accredited institution. The Miller Analogies Test scores are required at the time of application. 

2. Coursework totaling not more than 30 credits with grades of at least a "B" from 
an accredited institution may be transferred to the program at the University of Maryland. 

3. The program must be developed in cooperation with an adviser and filed with the 
Graduate Studies office in the College of Education. 

4. The Advanced Graduate Specialist Certificate program requires a minimum of 60 



Admission to Graduate School 1 7 



semester hours of credit with not less than 30 semester hours of credit completed with the 
University of Maryland. At least one half of the credits earned either at other institutions or 
at the University of Maryland must be in courses comparable to those in the 600-800 series. 
The student may be required to take a substantial portion of the program in departments other 
than those in the College of Education or the College of Agriculture. Registration in certain 
kinds of field study, field experience, apprenticeship or internship may also be required. 

There will be a written examination of not less than six hours. A "B" average with no "D" 
or "F" grades will be required before the certificate can be awarded. 

For additional details see "Statement of Policies and Procedures; Advanced Graduate 
Specialist Program in Education," issued by the College of Education Graduate Studies Office, 
Room 1210, Benjamin Building, University of Maryland, College Park, MD 20742-5121. 

Advanced Special Student Status 

The Advanced Special Student Status is designed to provide an opportunity to individuals 
who do not have an immediate degree objective in mind to take graduate level courses. 
Although the primary mission of the Graduate School is to conduct programs of graduate 
instruction leading to advanced degrees, the Graduate Faculty welcomes qualified students who 
have no degree objectives to the extent that resources allow. Unofficial transcripts or 
photocopies of diplomas will be accepted with the application for evaluation purposes, but by 
the end of the first semester of enrollment, the student must submit official copies of all 
required documents. Official transcripts must be submitted from all institutions except the 
University of Maryland, College Park. 

Applicants for admission to Advanced Special Student Status must satisfy one of the 
following criteria: 

1 . Hold a baccalaureate degree from a regionally accredited institution with an 
overall "B" (3.0) average. Applicants must submit official transcripts covering all credits 
used in satisfying the baccalaureate degree requirements. 

2. Hold a master's or doctoral degree from a regionally accredited institution. 

Applicants must submit an official transcript showing the award of a master's or doctoral 
degree. 

3. Hold a baccalaureate degree from a regionally accredited institution and have 
at least four years of successful post-baccalaureate work or professional experience. 

Applicants must submit an official transcript showing the award of the baccalaureate degree. 

4. Achieve a score that places the applicant in the upper 50 percentile of 
appropriate national standardized aptitude examinations such as the Graduate Record 
Examination Aptitude Test, the Miller's Analogies Test, the Graduate Management 
Admissions Test. Where different percentiles are possible, the Graduate School will 
determine which score is acceptable. 

Admission to Advanced Special Student Status will normally continue for five years. If 



1 8 Admission to Graduate School 



there is no registration in three consecutive academic semesters, the admitted status will lapse 
and a new application will be required. 

Advanced Special Students must maintain a 2.75 grade point average. 

Advanced Special Students must pay all standard graduate fees. Students in this status are 
not eligible to hold appointments as Graduate Teaching or Research Assistants or Fellows, or 
receive other forms of financial aid. All other services, e.g., parking, library privileges, etc., 
are the same as those accorded to other graduate students. 

Admission to Advanced Special Student Status is not intended to be used as a preparatory 
program for later admission to a doctoral or master's program nor to the Advanced Graduate 
Specialist Certificate program. Consequently, no more than six credits earned while in this 
status may be applicable to a degree or certificate program at a later time. This is contingent 
on admission to the degree or certificate program and on the approval of the faculty in the 
program. For consideration of admission to a degree program at a later time, the student must 
submit a new application. 

Visiting Graduate Student Status 

A graduate student matriculated in another graduate school who wishes to enroll in the 
Graduate School of the University of Maryland at College Park and who intends to return to 
the graduate school in which he or she is matriculated, may be admitted as a Visiting Graduate 
Student. 

Criteria for enrollment as a visitor are admission to and good standing in another recognized 
graduate school. The applicant need not submit full transcripts of credits but must apply for 
admission to the UMCP Graduate School and pay the application fee. In lieu of transcripts, 
a student may have the graduate dean of the home institution certify to the Graduate School 
in writing that the student is in good standing and that the credits will be accepted toward the 
graduate degree. Unless otherwise specified, admission will be offered for one year only. 

Golden IdentiHcation Card for Senior Citizens of Maryland 

The purpose of this status is to make available without charge courses and services of the 
University's campuses to citizens who are 60 years of age or older, who are residents of the 
State of Maryland and who are retired (retired persons will be considered those who affirm 
that they are not engaged in gainful employment for more than 20 hours per week). People 
meeting these requirements may apply for graduate admission either as degree or nondegree 
students, and they must meet the same admissions criteria pertaining to either category as do 
all applicants. Once admitted and issued the Golden Identification Card, people may register 
for courses in any sessions, subject to the same restrictions as any other student, and use the 
library and other campus facilities during the time they are enrolled in courses. Tuition 
charges will be waived for Golden Identification Card holders. However, selected manditory 
fees will be assessed. Also, as applicable, parking permit fees and the graduate application 
fee will be charged. 



Admission to Graduate School 1 9 



Admission to an Institute 

Application for admission to an institute should be made directly to the director of the 
institute. If admission to the Graduate School is also necessary, the decision will be based on 
the same criteria for admitting other degree applicants. Admission to an institute does not 
imply that the individual will be automatically admitted in any other status at the University 
of Maryland at a later dale. The status terminates upon completion of the institute in which 
the student was enrolled. A new application must be submitted for admission to any other 
graduate status or program. 

Students already admitted to a regular graduate degree or nondegree status may also qualify 
for participation in an institute. 

Offer of Admission 

Applicants admitted to the Graduate School will receive a written offer of admission from 
the Graduate School that specifies the date of entrance. The offer of admission requires a 
response. If the applicant wishes to accept, decline or change the effective date of the offer, 
the Graduate School must be notified or the offer of admission becomes void. Failure to 
register for the authorized term also voids the offer of admission. If the offer is voided, the 
applicant must submit another appUcation and may be required to submit additional credentials 
in order to be considered for admission in a subsequent semester. 

Graduate students must consult their academic department for precise registration 
information. 

Change of Status or Program 

Students are admitted only to specified programs for specified objectives. New applications 
are required under the following conditions: 

1 . If the student wishes to change programs (students may be admitted to only one 
graduate program at any one time); or 

2. If the student wishes to change status (from nondegree to degree); or 

3. If the student wishes to pursue a new degree objective (change from master's to 
doctoral degree). 

Admission to a new program and/or status is not granted automatically. Each application 
is subject to approval. 

Termination of Admission Status 

A student's admission terminates when the time limits for completion of the degree or 
nondegree status have been exceeded or when the student is no longer in "good standing." 
Students must maintain an average grade of B or better in all graduate courses taken and must 
otherwise satisfy all additional departmental and Graduate School program requirements. The 



20 Admission to Graduate School 



admission of all students, both degree and nondegree, is continued at the discretion of the 
major professor, the department or program director and the Dean for Graduate Studies. 

The Admission Process 

To be considered for admission to the University of Maryland College Park Graduate School 
each applicant must obtain and complete the application form following all instructions. An 
application may be obtained by writing directly to the Graduate School, Lee Building, 
University of Maryland, College Park, MD 20742. 

Each applicant must submit the following items in order to be considered for admission: 

1 . A completed application form. 

2. An application fee of $40.00 dollars. 

3. Two complete sets of transcripts reflecting all undergraduate and graduate work 
elected or in progress. Each transcript must bear the signature of the registrar and the seal of 
the granting institution and should include the years of attendance, courses taken, grades 
received, class standing and the degree, certificate or diploma received. If the applicant 
attended UMCP, the Graduate School will obtain your records of courses completed on the 
College Park campus. To facilitate the processing and review of an application, send two sets 
of unofficial copies of transcripts from institutions other than the University of 
Maryland College Park Campus. Official copies of those transcripts are required before full 
admission can be granted. 

4. Three letters of recommendation submitted by professors or others who can assess 
the quality of the applicant's academic performance and scholastic potential. Letters of 
recommendation should be sent directly to the academic department in which the applicant is 
interested. Be certain that the applicant's full name is included on each recommendation. 

5. Each applicant must prepare a 300-500 word statement of her/his goals and 
objectives in pursuing graduate study. 

6. Standardized Test Scores. Many departments and programs require applicants 
to submit scores of standardized examinations, such as the Graduate Record Examination 
(GRE), the Graduate Management Admission Test (GMAT) or the Miller Analogies Test 
(MAT). To determine if one of these examinations is required for admission to the department 
or program to which you are applying, please consult the listing at the end of the brochure. 
If standardized test scores are required, you may write to the following addresses for 
further information: 

Graduate Record Examinations 

CN 6004 Educational Testing Services 

Princeton, NJ 08541-6004 USA 

Graduate Management Admissions Test 

Box 966 

Princeton, NJ 08541 USA 



Admission to Graduate School 21 



Miller Analogy Test 
Psychological Corporation 
7500 Old Oak Blvd. 
Cleveland, OH 44130 USA 

Examination scores should be sent directly to the department or program to which you are 
applying. 

7. Departmental Requirements. Some departments and programs require additional 
information such as a portfolio or other supplementary materials. It is important that 
applicants contact the department or program to which they are applying for information 
concerning additional admission requirements. Failure to do so may result in an application 
not being considered. 

Calculation of Grade Point Average for Applicants 

All applicants must calculate separate grade point averages for the following categories: (1) 
all courses taken for the baccalaureate; (2) all credits earned after the first 60 credits for the 
baccalaureate; (3) credits that constitute the undergraduate major; and (4) all credits taken 
beyond the bachelor's degree. All grades are to be converted to a four-point grading system. 
Pass/fail, satisfactory, completed credit and similar grades are not included in these 
calculations. Except as already noted, all numerical, alphabetical or equivalent grades must 
be calculated as follows: 

a. Multiply quarter credit hours by (.66) to convert to semester credit hours. 

b. Multiply the number of semester credit hours for each course by the number of 
quality or honor points earned, as follows: A=4; B=3; C=2; D=l; F=0. 

c. Divide the total number of quality points by the total number of semester credit 
hours. The quotient will be your grade point average. 

Admission of Faculty 

No member of the faculty who is employed by the University of Maryland at College Park 
and has the rank of assistant professor or above is permitted to enroll in a program leading to 
an advanced degree in his/her academic college or school. A faculty member who wishes to 
take coursework for personal enrichment in his/her academic college or school may choose 
to investigate the Advanced Special Student status. A faculty member who wishes to pursue 
an advanced degree in a department or program outside of his/her academic college or school 
may do so by obtaining written permission from the Dean for Graduate Studies and Research, 
subsequent to obtaining written consent from the Deans from both the academic college/school 
in which he/she is employed and from which he/she seeks a degree. 

Application Deadlines 

Applicants should pay special attention to the deadlines listed in each application booklet. 
It is generally to the applicant's advantage to apply well before the published deadline, 
particularly if the applicant wishes to be considered for fellowships, assistantships or other 
forms of financial aid. The Graduate School recommends that applicants time the submission 



22 Admission to Graduate School 



of their applications, transcripts and letters of recommendation to arrive before the published 
deadline dates. Applicants are solely responsible for making certain their transcripts have been 
received by the Graduate School. 

If possible, the application should arrive before the transcripts and other supporting evidence 
of preparation if these materials cannot be attached to the application. Application deadline 
information for the Fall and Spring Semesters is listed below: 

1. Domestic students: Each department, in consultation with the Graduate School, 
sets its own deadlines for Fall and Spring semester entrances for U.S. citizens, resident aliens 
and refugees. 

2. International Students: All citizens of foreign countries must submit applications 
for admission by the following dates: 

a. Fall-February 1 of prior academic year (unless the department in which you are 
interested sets an earlier deadline). 

b. Spring-June 1 of prior academic year. 

Summer School 

Students applying for entrance in either of the two summer sessions are urged to check the 
Summer Sessions Bulletin to determine if the courses they wish to take will be offered in a 
particular session. To obtain this publication, write to Summer Sessions Office, University of 
Maryland, College Park, MD 20742-5121. 

International Students 

Foreign students seeking admission to the University of Maryland should not plan to leave 
their country before receiving an official offer of admission from the Graduate School. 

1. All citizens of foreign countries must submit applications for admission in 
accordance with stated deadlines. 

2. Special Notes for International Students: 

a. Academic Credentials: The complete application and official transcripts or mark 
sheets with English translations must be received in the Graduate Admissions 
Office prior to stated deadlines. 

b. English Proficiency: Applicants must demonstrate English language proficiency 
by taking the Test of English as a Foreign Language (TOEFL) since all foreign 
students are expected to read, speak, understand and write English fluently. 

c. Financial Resources: Each applicant must furnish a statement of financial status 
to the Office of International Education Services. Approximately $13,750.00 is 
required for educational and living expenses each year. 



Fees and Expenses 23 



d. Immigration Documents: Applicants admitted for graduate study will be issued 
a student visa where appropriate. 

e. Non-U. S. Citizens should address any questions to the Director. International 
Education Services, University of Maryland, College Park, MD 20742-5121. 

Reporting Upon Arrival 

Every foreign student is e.xpected to report to the Office of International Education Services 
in the Mitchell Building as soon as possible after arrival at the University. This Office will 
be able to assist not only with various problems regarding immigration, housing and fees, but 
also with problems relating generally to orientation to university and community life. 
Questions concerning criteria and requirements for foreign applicants should be addressed to 
the Director. International Education Services, University of Maryland. College Park. MD 
20742-5121. 

Records Maintenance and Disposition 

All records including academic records from other institutions, become part of the official 
file and can neither be returned nor duplicated for any purpose. Students should obtain an 
additional copy of their official credentials to keep in their possession for advisory purposes 
and for other personal requirements. The admission credentials and the application data of 
applicants are retained for 18 months only and then destroyed in the following cases: 1) 
Applicants who do not register for courses at the time for which they have been admitted; 2) 
Those whose applications have been disapproved; 3) Applicants who do not respond to the 
departmental requests for additional information; and 4) Those whose applications are not 
complete with respect to the receipt of all transcripts or test results. 



Fees and Expenses 

Application Fee $40.00 

A non-refundable $40 application fee and a separate application must be submitted for each 
program in which entrance is sought. 

The University is pleased to waive the application fee if the student has been admitted to and 
has attended the University of Mar>'land, College Park Graduate School previously. 

Tuition Per Credit Hour: (Academic year 1992-93) 

Resident Student SI 68.00 

Non-Resident Student $301.00 

Students admitted to the Graduate School must pay graduate tuition fees whether or not the 
credit will be used to satisfy program requirements. A graduate student who wishes to audit 
a course must pay the usual graduate tuition. 



24 Fees and Expenses 



Continuous Registration Fee (per semester) 

For Ph.D. candidates who have completed 12 credits 

of Dissertation Research (899) $10.00 

Graduation Fee 

Master's Degree $25.00 

Doctoral Degree $50.00 
Mandatory Graduate Fees 

Students taking one to eight credits $1 10.00 

Students taking nine or more credits $168.00 

The fees and waivers listed here are those charged at the time this Catalog went to press and 
are offered as a general guide. They are subject to change. Fees charged in a particular 
semester, as well as the breakdown of "Mandatory Fees," are published in the Schedule of 
Classes for that semester. 

Determination of In-State Status for Admission, Tuition and Charge-Differential 
Purposes 

An initial determination of in-state status for admission, tuition and charge-differential 
purposes will be made by the University at the time a student's application for admission is 
under consideration. The determination made at that time and any determination made 
thereafter shall prevail in each semester until the determination is successfully challenged. 
Please be advised that all students who were originally classified as out-of-state students when 
they began their studies at the University of Maryland (College Park) retain that classification 
unless they file a petition for in-state status with the campus residency classification office. 
The deadline for meeting all requirements for an in-state status and for submitting all 
documents for reclassification is the last day of registration for the semester the student 
wishes to be classified as an in-state student. 

The volume of requests for reclassification may necessitate a delay in completing the review 
process. It is hoped that a decision in each case will be made within ninety (90) days of a 
request for determination. During this period of time, or any further period of time required 
by the University, fees and charges based on the previous determination must be paid. If the 
determination is changed, any excess fees and charges will be refunded. 



Persons who are interested in obtaining a copy of the regulations or who want assistance 
with their classification should contact: Office of Residency Classification, Room 0405B Marie 
Mount Hall, University of Maryland, College Park, Maryland 20742-5121. 



Fees and Expenses 25 



Payment of Fees (See Schedule of Classes for detailed informalion) 

Registration is not completed or official until all financial obligations are satisfied. Although 
the University regularly mails bills to students, it cannot assume responsibility for their receipt. 
If a student does not receive a bill on or before the beginning of each semester, it is the 
student's responsibility to obtain a copy of the bill at Room 1 103, Lee Building, 8:30-4:15, 
Monday through Friday. 

The University of Maryland offers deferred payment plans effective Fall 1991. For 
information on the tuition plan, call 1-800-343-0911. Please Note: Payments for student 
accounts may be made by Visa or Mastercard. Credit card payments may be made in person 
or by mail. Phone-in payments can be accepted be calling 403-4641. 

It is the policy of the University not to defer payment on the basis of a pending application 
for financial assistance to an outside agency, including Veterans Administration benefits, bank 
loans, guaranteed student loan programs, etc. 

Students will be severed from University services for delinquent indebtedness to the 
University. In the event that severance occurs, the individual may make payment during the 
semester in which ser\ices were severed and all services except housing will be restored. A 
5 percent Late Payment Fee and a $25.00 Severance of Service Fee will be assessed if 
payment due dates are not followed. 

State of Maryland legislation has established a State Central Collections Unit, and in 
accordance with State law, the University is required to turn over all delinquent accounts to 
that office for collection and subsequent legal action. The minimum Collection Fee is 15 
percent plus any attorney and/or court costs. 



Refund of Fees 

A Cancellation of Registration submitted to the Registrations Office before the official first 
day of classes entitles the student to a full credit or refund of semester tuition and fees. 

After classes begin students who wish to terminate their registration must follow the 
withdrawal procedures stated in the Schedule of Classes. Students will find the necessary 
forms for withdrawal in the Records Office. The effective date used in computing refunds is 
the date the withdrawal form is filed. "Stop Payment" on a check, failure to pay the semester 
bill, or failure to attend classes does not constitute withdrawal. 

A student must file a request for a refund with the Office of the Bursar or any credit on the 
student account will automaticallv be carried over to the next semester. 



Students withdrawing from the University will be credited for tuition in accordance with the 
following schedule: 



26 Fellowships, Assistantships and Financial Assistance 



Period from date Refundable tuition only 

Instruction begins (Additional fees non-refundable) 

Two weeks or less 80% 

Between two and three weeks 60% 

Between three and four weeks 40% 

Between four and five weeks 20% 

Over five weeks No refund 

University Refund Statement 

Tuition, refundable fees and refundable deposits are authorized for refund only if the student 
completes the prescribed withdrawal procedures or is dismissed from the University. 
Residence Hall and Dining Services charges are authorized for refund only if the student 
completes the prescribed residence hall and dining services contract release procedures. Please 
refer to current Schedule of Classes for complete refund information and procedures. 

Fellowships, Assistantships and Financial Assistance 

The University of Maryland recognizes the high cost of education today and makes every 
effort to offer financial assistance to qualified students through a variety of programs. Seventy 
percent of all full-time graduate students receive financial support, which may include 
remission of tuition fees, teaching and research assistantships, work-study support, and 
University and state fellowships. Referrals for on-campus or area employment opportunities 
for students and students' spouses are also available in various departments and in specific 
student service centers on campus. 

Admission to a graduate degree program is a prerequisite for the award of a teaching or 
research assistantship, a fellowship, a traineeship, a loan or a work-study award. Please be 
sure that all required documents for your application for admission, as well as the application 
for departmental financial support, have been submitted. Some awards are made on the basis 
of the applicant' s academic merit, others on the basis of need. 

There are three campus units that administer the primary forms of financial support: the 
Graduate School, the individual programs and the Office of Student Financial Aid. The 
Graduate School processes applications for the Other Race Grants (application deadlines: early 
November and May). The Graduate School also has a Fellowship Information Office that lists 
fellowship opportunities from government agencies, foundations and industry. 

The individual programs and departments award graduate teaching and research assistantships 
(priority application deadline: March 1) and nominate students for tuition scholarships and 
Graduate School Fellowships (to be considered for nomination, apply by February 1). 



Fellowships, Assistantships and Financial Assistance 27 



The Office of Student Financial Aid (OSFA) awards College Work-Study, Perkins Loans, 
Graduate Grants, Stafford Loans, and PLUS/SLS Loans. To apply for aid, you must file a 
Financial Aid Form (FAF), which requires four to six weeks to be processed by the College 
Scholarship Service (CSS). You must also submit Financial Aid Transcripts from all 
previously attended post-secondary institutions, regardless of whether or not you received 
financial aid, and provide any additional documentation that is requested by OSFA. Stafford 
and PLUS/SLS Loans are available throughout the year. To be considered for College Work- 
Study, Perkins Loans, and Graduate Grants in addition to Stafford and PLUS/SLS Loans, you 
must meet OSFA's priority application deadline of February 15th preceding the fall semester 
for which you are applying for aid. To meet the priority deadline, you must submit the 
upcoming year's FAF to CSS within the first two weeks of January so that the processed FAF 
is received by OSFA by February 15th. FAF's received after February 15th will be considered 
on a funds-available basis. In order to be eligible for aid, you must be enrolled at least half- 
time. For additional information on financial assistance administered by OSFA, please call 
(301) 314-8313 to request a copy of the Financial Facts handbook. A more detailed 
description of the various forms of financial assistance is given below. 

Fellowships 

A fellowship is an award bestowed on a student who displays academic merit and promise. 
Fellowships are awarded only to students admitted to a degree program at UMCP who are 
willing to devote full-time to their study. All fellowship applicants must be admitted to a 
degree program in the Graduate School on a full-time basis to be eligible. Departments 
nominate students for the various fellowships; students should try to submit all material for 
admission by February 1 since the Fellowship competition for new students is held in February 
and March. 

Graduate School Fellowships and Grants - The Graduate School awards over 300 
fellowships to students with outstanding academic records. These fellowships are awarded 
annually on a competitive basis. Students cannot apply directly for the award; rather they 
must be nominated by the department in which they intend to enroll. The minimum stipend 
for the 1991-92 academic year was $9,200; fellows also receive remission of tuition for up to 
12 credits per semester in the academic year. 

The standard application for departmental financial support will serve to alert your 
department to your desire for a fellowship. Submit the form directly to the department in 
which you are seeking admission. Awards are based solely on academic merit. Fellowships 
may be awarded to any qualified in-state, out-of-state, or international student. 

Minority Awards - Of the 350 Graduate School Fellowships awarded, approximately 75 
were awarded to Black Graduate Students and 10 were awarded to Hispanic/Latinos and 
Native American Indians. In addition, approximately 50 Black graduate students and 10 other 
underrepresented minorities are supported on full grants from the Graduate School with 10 
credits remission of tuition and a stipend of $9,200 for the academic year. 

Multi-year support is offered to approximately 90% of Black graduate students and to 
approximately 75% of other underrepresented minorities who enroll full-time in a master's or 
doctoral program. For all awards, students must be nominated by their departments. 



28 Fellowships, Assistantships and Financial Assistance 



Other Race Grants - This grant is intended to increase the participation of black students 
in graduate education at the College Park campus. Students who are first-year students and 
students in disciplines in which blacks are underrepresented will be given preference. 

Applicants for the Other Race grant must: 

1 . Be citizens or permanent resident aliens who are classified as Maryland 
residents; 

2. Be admitted as degree-seeking students; 

3. Be willing to devote full-time to their study; 

4. Be able to demonstrate special merit or need. 

The individual educational grants vary, and have ranged from $500 - $8,500. Tuition is also 
remitted for up to 10 credits per semester. Students may apply for reappointment on a yearly 
basis for up to three years. Additional details and application materials are available from the 
Fellowship Office of the Graduate School. 

Other Fellowships - The University of Maryland at College Park has several government 
and privately funded and endowed fellowships which are handled independently through the 
departments and colleges. Our graduate students are supported on Department of Defense 
Rotorcraft Fellowships, Ford Foundation Fellowships, Jacob Javits Fellowships, Patricia 
Roberts Harris Fellowships, National Needs Fellowships, National Science Foundation 
Fellowships, IBM Fellowships, Martin Marietta Fellowships, Woodrow Wilson Minority 
Access Fellowships, to name just a few. In addition, there are joint fellowship programs 
between several departments and some of the federal agencies, such as the National Institutes 
of Health, NASA, and the National Institute of Science and Technology. 

Some of these fellowships are won independently by students in national competition; others 
are awarded directly to the colleges or departments, which then select student recipients. 
Students submitting applications for admission to graduate programs will be considered for 
such awards as appropriate; no additional application forms are required. Some special 
campus-wide awards are made by the Graduate Council Committee on Fellowships. The Phi 
Delta Gamma, Sigma Chapter, Graduate Fellowship Award, is given annually as a supplement 
to a Graduate School Fellowship. The recipient is selected by the Graduate Council 
Committee on Fellowships from among the students already enrolled in a graduate degree 
program at UMCP who are nominated for a fellowship for continuing students. The award 
is given to the student who best exemplifies the spirit of interdisciplinary focus in research 
and/or who is a graduate member of Phi Delta Gamma. The award is granted for unrestricted 
support for education expenses. 

Graduate School Tuition Scholarships 

First-time graduate students in degree programs who are residents of the state of Maryland 
and have an undergraduate GPA of 3.75 or better from an accredited American college or 
university may ask their departments to nominate them for a Graduate Tuition Scholarship. 



Fellowships, Assistantships and Financial Assistance 29 



Students who believe they qualify for the scholarship should mark the appropriate space on 
the departmentally administered financial aid form. Departments may have additional criteria, 
e.g., full-time status, for nomination of students in their program. Tuition scholarships are 
awarded on a first-come, first-served basis for as long as funds are available. 

Assistantships 

Offers of assistantships, which are made by the individual departments, are contingent upon 
the applicant's acceptance as a graduate student in a degree program by the Graduate School. 
Departments may set additional criteria. In addition to remission of tuition of ten credits per 
semester, assistantships carry 9.5 or 12-month stipends ranging from $9,200 to $12,360 as of 
the 1990-91 academic year. 

Graduate assistants pay tuition at the in-state rate only for those semesters when they hold 
a graduate assistant position on campus. Once the assistantship ends, the student will be 
charged tuition at the out-of-state rate unless a petition is filed for in-state status (see 
Determination of In-State Status for Tuition). 

Graduate Teaching Assistantships are available to qualified graduate students in many 
departments and programs. Applications for assistantships should be made directly to the 
department in which the applicant will study. 

Graduate Research Assistantships, with comparable stipends, are available in some 
departments on a 10 or 12-month basis. For information, contact the individual department 
or program. 

Resident Graduate Assistantships are also available in limited numbers. These 
assistantships include a 12 month stipend and tuition remission in exchange for part-time work 
in undergraduate residence halls as Residence Halls staff members. These Resident 
Assistantships are open to both men and women. Applications for a Resident Graduate 
Assistantship should be made to the Office of Human Resources, Department of Resident Life, 
Cumberland Hall, University of Maryland, College Park, MD 20742. 

Administrative Assistantships - Many offices on campus currently offer graduate assistant 
positions. For further information, contact the Fellowships Office, the individual office or 
department or check employment announcements outside the Personnel Office in the Lee 
Building. 

Work-Study Program 

The College Work-Study Program, administered by the Office of Student Financial Aid 
(OSFA), offers part-time employment opportunities for students who meet OSFA's priority 
deadline and demonstrate financial need. Students who are awarded and who accept College 
Work-Study are sent Work Authorization Forms stating the amount they may earn during the 
academic year. Job openings are listed at the Job Referral Service (JRS), Room 3120 
Hombake Building, South Wing. Students are responsible for visiting the JRS to review job 
listings and for arranging interviews with those departments for whom they are interested in 
working. Once hired, they must submit a Work Authorization Form to the hiring department. 



30 Fellowships, Assistantships and Financial Assistance 



The student and job supervisor must both agree on the student's work schedule, which must 
not conflict with the student's class schedule. Contact the JRS at (301) 314-8324 for more 
information on the College Work-Study Program. 

Loans and Part-Time Employment 

Perkins Loan. The Perkins Loan (formerly known as the National Direct Student Loan) is 
a low-interest (5%) loan awarded to students who meet OSFA's priority deadline and 
demonstrate financial need. The student borrows the money directly from the university and 
must begin repayment nine months after graduating, withdrawing, or dropping below half-time 
attendance. The student is not responsible for paying the interest accrued on the loan while 
attending school. 

Graduate Grants. These grants are awarded by OSFA to applicants who meet the priority 
deadline and demonstrate financial need. Academic merit or achievement are not criteria for 
receiving this award. 

Stafford Loan. The Stafford Loan (formerly the Guaranteed Student Loan) is a low interest, 
need-based loan. You must file a Financial Aid Form to apply for the Stafford Loan. 
Depending on individual eligibility, graduate students may borrow up to $7,500 per year, with 
a cumulative maximum amount of $54,750 including all Stafford Loans borrowed at the 
undergraduate level. The interest rate for students borrowing their first Stafford Loan after 
July 1, 1988 is 8% for the first four years of repayment, and 10% thereafter through the tenth 
and final year of repayment. Students who previously borrowed a Stafford at 7% or 9% will 
continue to borrow at that interest rate for all subsequent Stafford Loans. The borrower is not 
responsible for paying the interest accrued on the loan while attending school. The borrower 
must begin repayment six months after graduating, withdrawing, or dropping below half-time 
attendance. 

If the student is eligible for the Stafford Loan, instructions for completion of the loan 
application and promissory note will accompany the award letter. Do not submit a Stafford 
Loan application to OSFA until you receive an award letter. 

PLUS Loan/Supplemental Loan for Students (SLS). If a student is ineligible for a 
Stafford Loan, or if the financial assistance that the student does receive is inadequate, another 
loan program that may be considered is the PLUS/SLS Loan. The PLUS is borrowed by 
parents for a dependent student, and the SLS is borrowed by students who are considered 
independent. The PLUS Loan is not need-based; therefore, the FAF need not be filed to apply 
for it. However, for independent students to borrow an SLS, either they must have already 
been determined to be ineligible for the Stafford Loan, or they must have already borrowed 
the maximum Stafford for which they are eligible that year. The interest rate is variable, is 
reset each July 1st, and has a maximum of 12%. The borrower, whether student or parent, 
is responsible for paying the interest accrued during school attendance. Repayment usually 
begins within 60 days of receipt of the first disbursement of the loan, though some lenders 
allow deferral of principal and/or interest while attending at least half-time. The Plus/SLS 
application may be obtained from OSFA. 



Registration and Credits 31 



Job Referral Service. The Job Referral Service (JRS) maintains listings of part-lime, 

temporary, and summer employment, both on- and off-campus. To use this service, you need 
only be a registered student at UMCP of UMUC - you do not need to have been awarded 
College Work-Study. JRS is located in Room 3120, Hombake Building, South Wing. 

Veterans' Benefits. Students who attend the university with assistance from the Veterans' 
Education Assistance Program may receive enrollment certification from the Veterans' 
Certification Office in Room 1118, Mitchell Building, (301) 314-8237. 



Registration and Credits 

Registration for courses is ongoing during most of the time that the University is in session. 
Information concerning registration procedures, deadlines and current tuition and expenses is 
found in the Schedule of Classes, published regularly by the Office of Registration and 
Records. Students interested in summer session courses should obtain the Summer Session 
Schedule of Classes, from the Office of Summer Sessions, Reckord Armory, 405-6551. 

Academic Calendar 

The Academic Calendar is printed in the Schedule of Classes for each semester. The 
Graduate School has an "Important Dates" card for graduate students, which lists deadlines for 
submitting requirements for degrees in a particular academic year. 

Developing a Program 

The student is responsible for ascertaining and complying with the rules and procedures of 
the Graduate School and all applicable department or graduate program requirements that 
govern the individual program of study. 

Registration for the newly admitted graduate student seeking a degree or certificate begins 
with a visit to the student's academic adviser in the graduate program or department to which 
the student has been admitted. There the student will obtain information about specific degree 
or certificate requirements that supplement those of the Graduate School. 

The student will consult the Schedule of Classes and will develop an individual program of 
study and research in consultation with a graduate faculty adviser. 

Students admitted to Advanced Special Status may seek advice from the Office of the Dean 
for Graduate Studies and Research or from appropriate faculty members. 

The Associate Dean for Graduate Student Affairs is the individual to whom requests or 
petitions for exceptions or waivers of regulations or graduate degree requirements should be 
addressed and to whom appeals of decisions of departmental or program faculty or 
administrators should be directed. 



32 Registration and Credits 



Course Numbering System 

Courses are designated as follows: 

000-099 Non-credit courses. 

100-199 Primarily first-year courses. 

200-299 Primarily sophomore courses. 

300-399 Junior and senior courses not acceptable for credit toward graduate degrees. 

400-499 Junior and senior courses acceptable for credit toward some graduate degrees. 

500-599 Professional school courses (Dentistry, Law, Medicine) and post-baccalaureate 
courses not for graduate degree credit. 

600-898 Courses restricted to graduate students. 

799 Master's thesis credit. 

899 Doctoral dissertation credit. 

The first character of the numeric position determines the level of the course and the last two 
digits are used for course identification. Courses ending with an 8 or 9 are the courses that 
are repeatable for credit. 

Designation of Full and Part-time Graduate Students 

In order to reflect accurately the involvement of graduate students in their programs of study 
and research and the use of University resources in those programs, the Graduate School uses 
the graduate unit in making calculations to determine full or part-time student status in the 
administration of the minimum registration requirements described below and in responding 
to student requests for certification of full-time student status. The number of graduate units 
per semester credit hour is calculated in the following manner: 

Courses in the series: 000-399 carry 2 units/credit hour. 

Courses in the series: 400-499 carry 4 units/credit hour. 

Courses in the series: 500-599 carry 5 units/credit hour. 

Courses in the series: 600-898 carry 6 units/credit hour. 

Research course: 799 carries 12 units/credit hour. 

Research course: 899 carries 18 units/credit hour. 



Registration and Credits 33 



To be certified as full-time, a graduate student must be officially registered for a combination 
of courses equivalent to 48 units per semester. Graduate assistants holding regular 
appointments are full-time students if they are registered for at least 24 units in addition to the 
assistantship. Audited courses do not generate graduate units and cannot be used in calculating 
full-time or part-time status. 

Minimum Registration Requirements 

All graduate students, masters and doctoral, making any demand upon the academic or 
support services of the University, whether taking courses, using University libraries, 
laboratories, computer facilities, office space or housing, consulting with faculty advisers, 
taking comprehensive or final oral examinations, or filing a diploma application, must register 
for the number of graduate units that will, in the faculty adviser's judgment, accurately reflect 
the student's involvement in graduate study and use of University resources. In no case will 
registration be for less than one credit. 

Minimum Registration Requirements for Doctoral Candidates 

Doctoral students who have been advanced to candidacy must register each semester, except 
summer sessions, until the degree is awarded. 

Dissertation Research 

Those who have not completed the required semester credit hours of Dissertation Research 
(899) must register for a minimum of one credit of research each semester. (See the following 
sections for specific doctoral degree registration requirements.) Doctoral candidates whose 
demands upon the University are greater than that represented by this minimum registration 
will be expected to register for the number of units that reflects their use of University 
resources. 

Continuous Registration 

Doctoral candidates who have completed the required minimum of credit hours of 
Dissertation Research (899) and are making no use of University resources must meet a 
Continuous Registration requirement during each semester, except for summer sessions, until 
the degree is awarded. This requirement is met by submitting the Continuous Registration 
Form and paying the $10.00 Continuous Registration fee directly to the Graduate School either 
in person or by mail. Forms and fees must be received before the end of the eighth week of 
classes during the fall and spring semesters. Continuous Registration forms may be obtained 
from the Graduate School, Room 2117, Lee Building, University of Maryland, College Park, 
MD 20742-5121. 

Failure to comply with the requirement of maintaining Continuous Registration will be 

taken as evidence that the student has terminated the doctoral program, and admitted status to 
the Graduate School will be terminated. A new application for admission, with the consequent 
reevaluation of the student's performance, will be required of a student who wishes to resume 
a graduate program but whose admission has been terminated under this regulation. 



34 Registration and Credits 



Partial Credit Course Registration for Handicapped Students 

The Graduate School recognizes that students with documented physical handicaps may 
derive considerable educational benefit from courses that include laboratories or other non- 
classroom activities in which the student is prevented from participating because of the 
handicap. Therefore, it is the Graduate School's policy to allow handicapped students to enroll 
in such courses, complete only those parts of the course that their physical capabilities permit, 
and receive credit for the course proportionate to their levels of participation. 

Physically handicapped graduate students who wish to enroll in such courses but participate 
only in certain aspects of them should consult the Associate Dean for Student Affairs in the 
Graduate School. The Dean will assist the student in making the necessary arrangements with 
the department offering the course, the department supervising the student's graduate program 
and the Registration Office. The final agreement as to the student's level of participation and 
the amount of credit to be awarded will be specified in an agreement to be drawn up by the 
Graduate School and signed by all parties concerned. 

The Inter-Campus Student 

A student admitted to the Graduate School on any campus of the University of Maryland is 
eligible to take courses on any other campus of the University of Maryland with the approval 
of the academic adviser and the graduate deans on the home and host campuses. Credits 
earned on a host campus are considered resident credit at the home campus and may meet all 
degree requirements with adviser approval. Transcripts of courses taken at another campus 
will be maintained on the home campus and fees will be paid to the home campus. Forms for 
registration as an inter-campus student may be obtained from the Graduate School offices on 
any campus of the University. 

Registration Through the Washington Consortium Arrangement 

The University of Maryland at College Park is a member of the Consortium of Universities 
of the Washington Metropolitan Area. Other institutions currently associated with the 
consortium include American University, The Catholic University of America, the University 
of the District of Columbia, Gallaudet College, George Mason University, Georgetown 
University, George Washington University, Howard University, Marymount College, Mount 
Vernon College and Trinity College. Students enrolled in these institutions are able to attend 
certain classes at the other campuses and have the credit considered "residence" credits at their 
own institutions and grades are calculated into the student's GPA. The consortium permits 
both undergraduate and graduate students to participate in programs such as the Research 
Fellows Program and the National Institute for Citizen Education in the Law. The policies 
governing registration through the Consortium Arrangement are listed below. 

UMCP Graduate Students 

1. UMCP degree-seeking graduate students may take courses at other consortium 
schools, which are to be treated as UMCP residence credits with the approval of the Director 
of Graduate Studies of the degree program in which they are enrolled. 



Registration and Credits 35 



2. No more than 25 percent of the course credits required lor the UMCP graduate 
degree may be taken at other consortium schools through the consortium arrangement. 
Practica, internships, workshops and similar experiential learning courses cannot be taken at 
other consortium schools. 

3. Significant factors to be considered by the Director of Graduate Studies may 
include but are not limited to: 

a. Unavailability of a similar or comparable course at UMCP within a reasonable 
time frame. Mere convenience is not adequate justification. 

b. Possible enhancement of the student's overall program in a way not possible at 
UMCP, as by the presence of unique faculty or the availability of a course not 
offered at UMCP. 

c. The level and content of the course, including the nature of prerequisite 
coursework. 

Visiting Students 

1 . Students from other consortium schools may register for UMCP courses on a 
space-available basis beginning with the first day of classes. 

2. Courses for majors in departments or colleges at UMCP that have selective 
admission programs will not normally be available to students from other 
consortium schools. 

3. Students from other consortium schools are expected to meet all prerequisites for 
UMCP courses for which they wish to enroll. 

4. Students from other consortium schools will not normally be permitted to register 
for practica, workshops, internships and other experiential courses at UMCP. 

5. Students from other consortium schools who have previously applied for admission 
to a UMCP graduate degree program and have been denied admission will be 
permitted to register for graduate courses in that program only with the specific 
approval of the Director of Graduate Studies of the program. 

6. Students from other consortium schools who have been dismissed from UMCP for 
disciplinary or financial reasons will not be permitted to enroll in courses at UMCP 
under the consortium arrangement. 

Graduate Credit for Senior Undergraduates 

A senior in the final semester at UMCP who is within seven credit hours of completing the 
requirements for an undergraduate degree may register for courses with the approval of the 
undergraduate dean, the department or program offering the course and the Graduate School. 
Normally, a 3.0 grade point average for all courses is required for students seeking to exercise 



36 Registration and Credits 



this option. Courses elected through this program may later be counted for graduate credit 
toward an advanced degree at the University if the student is offered admission to the 
Graduate School. The total of undergraduate and graduate courses must not exceed 15 credits 
for the semester. Excess credits in the senior year cannot be used for graduate credit unless 
proper prearrangement is made. Seniors who wish to register for graduate credit can receive 
information about the procedure from the Graduate School, Office of the Associate Dean for 
Student Affairs, 2125 Lee Building. 

Undergraduate Credit for Graduate Level Courses 

Subject to requirements determined by the graduate faculty members of the department or 
program offering the course, undergraduate students may register for graduate level courses, 
i.e., those numbered from 600 to 898, with the exception of 799 and 899, for undergraduate 
credit. 

A student who seeks to use this option will normally be in the senior year, have earned an 
accumulated grade point average of 3.0, have successfully completed the prerequisite and 
correlative courses with a grade of "B" or better, and be a major in the appropriate or a closely 
related department. The student will be required to obtain prior approval from the department 
offering the course. 

Enrollment in a graduate level course does not in any way imply subsequent departmental 
or Graduate School approval for admission into a graduate program, nor may the course be 
used as credit for a graduate degree at the University of Maryland. 

Combined Bachelor's/Master's Programs 

A combined bachelor's/master's program may be developed for the individual student. A 
combined degree program should be an integrated learning experience for the student, not 
simply the completion of a required number of undergraduate and graduate credits. It is 
available only to students whose academic performance is exceptional, i.e., a stipulated grade 
point average and faculty evaluations and recommendations. The program must be approved 
by the undergraduate dean, the department or program offering the undergraduate major, the 
department or program offering the graduate program and the Graduate School. Normally, no 
more than nine credits of courses taken at the advanced level (600-level courses and above) 
may be applied to both degree programs. No more than one master's degree may be earned 
through a combined bachelor's/master's degree program. See your undergraduate adviser for 
more details. 

Credit by Examination 

A graduate student may obtain graduate credit by examination in courses at the 400 level 
previously identified by the appropriate department or program. In the judgment of the 
Graduate Council, credit by examination is not generally available for courses at the 600, 700, 
or 800 levels because courses at these levels require a continuing interaction between faculty 
and students to achieve the educational goals of advanced study. 



Registration and Credits 37 



Students may receive credit by examination only for courses for which they are otherwise 
eligible to receive graduate credit. The department or program in which the student is enrolled 
may establish a limit on the number of credits that may be earned in this manner. Graduate 
students seeking credit by examination must obtain the consent of their adviser and of the 
instructor currently responsible for the course. Once the student begins the examination, the 
grade earned will be recorded. 

The Graduate School maintains a list of courses for which examinations are available or will 
be prepared. The fee for credit by examination is $30.00 per course regardless of the number 
of credits or units to be earned. 

Transfer of Credit 

A maximum of six semester hours of graduate level course credits earned at regionally 
accredited institutions prior to or after matriculation in the Graduate School may be applied 
toward master's degrees at the University of Maryland. Due to academic and procedural 
differences between foreign and U.S. regionally accredited institutions, credit from foreign 
universities is not acceptable for transfer. There is no need for transfer of credit at the 
doctoral level. All graduate study credits offered as transfer credit must meet the following 
criteria: 

1. They must have received graduate credit for courses taken at the other institution. 

2. They must not have been used to meet the requirements for any degree previously 
earned. 

3. They must have been elected within the time limit framework of the student's 
program here and no more than five years old at the time of transfer. 

4. The department or program to which the student has been admitted at Maryland 
must certify the courses are appropriate to the degree program the student is 
pursuing at Maryland. 

5. The student must have earned a "B" or better in the courses offered for transfer 
credit, and have a "B" or better average on all the graduate coursework taken at 
the institution from which the transfer is requested. 

6. Transfer work normally satisfies only the 400-level requirements for the master' s 
degree and does not apply to the upper-level requirement. 



A student seeking acceptance of transfer credit is advised to submit the necessary transcripts 
and certification of department or program approval to the Graduate School as promptly as 
possible for its review and decision. It should be noted that graduate departments and 
programs may impose more stringent requirements and time limitations concerning the transfer 
of credits. In such cases the Graduate School must be notified accordingly. 



38 Registration and Credits 



Criteria that Courses Must Meet to be Accepted for Graduate Credit 

Any courses, workshops or seminars planned to take place in a span of time less than a 
normal academic semester or summer session and offering graduate credit to the participants 
must meet the following criteria: 

1. There must be 15 "contact hours" per graduate credit. 

a. Lectures: one contact hour per 50 minutes lecture. 

b. Non-lecture contact (laboratory, workshops, discussion and problem- working 
sessions, etc.): one contact hour per two or three-hour session. 

2. No more than three "contact hours" per day will be permitted. (Three "contact 
hours" are equivalent to 0.2 credits). 

3. Credit may be accumulated at the rate of no more than one credit per week. 

Statement on UMCP Policy on Non-participation by Students in Class Exercises that 
Involve Animals 

Students who are concerned about the use of animals in teaching have the responsibility to 
contact the instructor prior to course enrollment to determine if animals are to be used in the 
course, whether class exercises involving animals are optional or required and what 
alternatives, if any, are available. If no alternatives are available, the refusal to participate in 
required activities involving animals may result in a failing grade in the course. 

The University of Maryland at College Park affirms the right of the faculty to determine 
course content and curriculum requirements. The University, however, also encourages faculty 
to consider offering alternatives to the use of animals in their courses. In each course, the 
instructor determines whether the use of animals in the classroom exercises will be a course 
requirement or optional activity. The following departments currently have courses that may 
require animals to be used in class activities: Animal Sciences, Human Nutrition and Food 
Science, Microbiology, Poultry Science, Psychology, Veterinary Medicine and Zoology. For 
UMCP's policy statement on animal use and care, see the catalog's Appendices section. 

Course and Credit Changes 

A graduate student may drop a course, add a course, change between audit and credit status, 
change the number of credits for a course within the listed range, cancel registration or 
withdraw from the University by obtaining the necessary approvals and observing the 
published deadlines and procedures. The deadlines are published each term in the Schedule 
of Classes; the procedures governing each of these transactions are listed below. 

Procedures for Schedule Adjustment 

A graduate student may transact the following schedule adjustments through the tenth week 
of classes in a term by submitting a Schedule Adjustment Form to the Registrations Office, 



Registration and Credits 39 



Mitchell Building: add a course; drop a course; change grading option; and change credit 
level. There is no refund of tuition and fees for drops processed after the fifth class day (see 
Schedule of Classes for further details). 

After the tenth day of classes, all graduate students are required to obtain Departmental and 
instructor authorization to be stamped or written on the add slip. Approved requests must be 
promptly delivered to the Registrar's Office, Mitchell Building. 

Procedures for Late Registration 

Students registering after the established registration period may need an appointment to 
register. Call the Office of Registrations and Records for information. For current registration 
procedures consult the Schedule of Classes. Students who register after the established 
registration period (i.e., beginning with the schedule adjustment period) will be assessed a 
$20.00 late registration fee. 

Procedures for Credit Level Change and Change of Grading Option 

Students who wish to change their grading option or credit level in a course may do so 
without special approval until the tenth class day each term. After the tenth class day, 
departmental authorization is required until the end of the tenth week. No credit level changes 
or grading options are permitted after the tenth week of classes. 

1 . Exceptions to this deadline require the written approval of the instructor and the 
approval of the Graduate School. 

2. The departmental stamp must be placed on the change of grading option/credit 
level form. 

3. Approved forms should be submitted to the Registrar's Office, Mitchell Building. 

Procedures for Withdrawal from Classes 

The term withdrawal means termination of enrollment for a given term. The date of the 
withdrawal is indicated on a graduate student's academic record. To withdraw from a term 
on or before the last day of classes a graduate student must notify the Records Office, 1101 
Mitchell Building, in writing or in person. Withdrawal becomes effective on the date 
notification is received in the Records Office. Additional information concerning withdrawal 
from classes can be found in the Schedule of Classes. 

If the time limits in a master's or pre-candidate doctoral student's program have not lapsed 
(5 years to obtain a master's degree and 5 years to reach doctoral candidacy), a graduate 
student is eligible to enroll without readmission. In such cases the student should contact the 
department about registration dates and procedures. Doctoral candidates typically do not 
withdraw. If a candidate believes he/she must withdraw, he/she must contact the Office of the 
Associate Dean for Student Affairs. 



40 Registration and Credits 



Resignation From the University 

A graduate student wishing to resign from the University (i.e., terminate his/her association 
with the University) may do so by submitting a letter to the Graduate School indicating the 
reasons for the resignation. The Graduate School will cancel the student's admitted status. 
If the student is registered for classes at the time of his/her resignation, the Office of Records 
and Registrations will be requested to withdraw the student effective the date of the 
resignation. 

A graduate student seeking to return to the University of Maryland must reapply for 
admission and is subject to all departmental and Graduate School requirements. He or she 
may be required to repeat previously elected courses. 

Procedure for Cancelling Registration for a Term 

To cancel a registration after the stated deadlines for a given term, a graduate student must 
provide a written explanation, which has been endorsed by the graduate director of his or her 
program to the Associate Dean for Student Affairs. If appropriate, the request will be 
processed and, if fees are involved, the necessary adjustments made. Please note that the 
cancellation of one's classes during the course of a given term is not meant to be used as a 
means of avoiding poor grades. 

Grades for Graduate Students 

A minimum grade point average of 3.0 for all graduate level courses taken is required in 
order to be in good academic standing and for graduation with a graduate degree. Graduate 
students are required to meet all departmental and program rules and regulations. Departments 
and programs may stipulate requirements more stringent than those minimally expected by the 
Graduate School. 

Academic Discipline Policy 

Each graduate student is required to maintain a 3.0 grade point average for all graduate 
courses elected toward the degree program in which he or she is enrolled. 

A student whose cumulative grade point average falls below a "B" (3.0) upon or after the 
completion of nine credit hours of graduate level courses will be automatically placed on 
academic probation by the Graduate School for the following full semester. 

A student whose cumulative grade point average falls below a "B" (3.0) for a second and 
successive semester of enrollment for courses may, upon the recommendation of her or his 
graduate chair and with the consent of the Graduate School, be granted a final opportunity to 
correct the scholastic and/or academic deficiency in the next semester of enrollment for 
courses. 

A student whose cumulative grade point average falls below a "B" (3.0) average for three 
consecutive semesters of enrollment will not be permitted to re-enroll and will be required to 
withdraw from the University. 



Registration and Credits 41 



Both the graduate student and the Graduate Director of each department or program will be 
notified whenever a graduate student is placed on academic probation. If a graduate student 
is placed on probation for a second consecutive semester, both the graduate student and the 
student's Graduate Director will be informed that the student may not continue beyond that 
semester unless the academic department or program presents compelling reasons for 
continuance. The request for continuance must be approved by the Graduate School. 

In addition to the minimum grade point average requirements, graduate departments and 
programs may require graduate students to maintain certain performance minima in their 
programs of study, and in all or in particular courses. A student who fails to make satisfactory 
progress in meeting some or all programmatic requirements, or who fails to demonstrate the 
ability to succeed in his or her course of studies or research, may be required to withdraw 
from the University. Determinations concerning such matters occur at the departmental level. 

Grading Systems 

The Conventional A through F grading system is used in graduate level courses. 
A "Satisfactory or Failure" (S-F) grading system may be used for certain types of graduate 
study at the discretion of the department or program. These include courses which require 
independent field work, special projects or independent study. Departmental seminars, 
workshops and departmental courses in instructional methods may also be appropriate for the 
S-F grading system. 

The "Pass-Fail" grading system is a grading option for undergraduates. However, a 
Department or program may, in certain cases, allow a graduate student to use the Pass-Fail 
option for any 100-300 level courses that a student takes. Graduate credit may not be earned 
for these courses. The mark of P is equivalent to A,B,C, or D. Either the A-F or the S-F 
grading system may be used in courses labeled "Independent Study" or "Special Problems." 
Thesis and dissertation research (799, 899) may be graded A-F and/or S-F. 

Only one grading system will be used for a single course in a particular semester. The 
grading system will be designated by the department or program offering the course. 

Computation of Grade Point Average 

The A is calculated at 4 quality points, B at 3 quality points and C at 2 quality points. The 
grades of D, F and I receive no quality points. After a student is matriculated as a graduate 
student, all courses taken that are numbered 400 and above (except 500-level courses, those 
numbered 799 or 899, and those graded with an S) will be used in the calculation of the grade 
point average. 

A student may repeat any course in an effort to earn a better grade. Whether higher or 
lower, the latter grade will be used in computing the grade point average. Grades for graduate 
students remain as part of the student's permanent record and may be changed only by the 
original instructor on certification that an actual mistake was made in determining or recording 
the grade. The change must be approved by the department chair and the Dean for Graduate 
Studies and Research. 



42 Degree Requirements 



No course taken after August 23, 1974, will be considered "not applicable" for the purpose 
of computing the grade point average of a graduate student. No graduate credit transferred 
from another institution will be included in the calculation of the grade point average. 

The Academic Record (Transcript) 

A graduate student's academic record (transcript) is intended to serve as a complete history 
of the student's academic progress at the University of Maryland. As such, it cannot be 
altered except in conformance with stated Graduate School policies governing change of 
election. Under no circumstances will the academic records be altered because of 
dissatisfaction with a grade or other academic accomplishment. 



Degree Requirements 

Graduate School Requirements Applicable to all Master's Degrees Programs 

The entire course of study undertaken for any master's degree must constitute a unified, 
coherent program that is approved by the student's adviser and graduate director and meets 
Graduate School requirements. A minimum of thirty semester hours in courses acceptable for 
credit towards a graduate degree is required (some degree programs require more than 30 
credits); in certain cases, six of the 30 semester hours must be thesis research credits. The 
graduate program must include at least 1 2 hours of coursework at the 600 level or higher. If 
the student is inadequately prepared for the required graduate courses, additional courses may 
be required, which may not be considered as part of the student's graduate program. Credits 
to be applied to a student's program for a master's degree cannot have been used to satisfy 
any other previously earned degrees. 

Grade-Point Average 

The student seeking any master's degree must maintain an average grade of "B" (3.0) in all 
courses taken for graduate credit. 

Time Limitation 

All requirements for the master's degree must be completed within a five-year period. This 
time limit applies to any transfer work from other institutions to be included in a student's 
program. 

Additional Requirements 

In addition to the above requirements, special departmental or collegiate requirements may 
be imposed, especially for degrees that are offered only in one department, college or division. 
For these special requirements, consult the descriptions which appear under the departmental 
or collegiate listing in this catalog or the special publications that can be obtained from the 
department or college. 



Degree Requirements 43 



Graduate School Requirements for the Degrees of Master of Arts and Master of Science 

Thesis Option 

Research Assurances 

At the University of Maryland at College Park, all research, including thesis and dissertation 
research, must be conducted in accordance with federal guidelines for the use of animals, the 
use of human subjects and the use of materials that may pose biological or chemical hazards. 
All animal use protocols must be approved by the Animal Care and Use Committee. Research 
involving human subjects must be approved by the departmental human subjects review board 
and/or the Institutional Review Board. Any research involving hazardous materials, either 
biological or chemical, or recombinant RNA/DNA research must have approval from the 
campus Department of Environmental Safety. 

Course Requirements 

A minimum of 30 semester hours including six hours of thesis research credit (799) is 
required for the degrees of Master of Arts and Master of Science. Of the 24 hours required 
in graduate courses, no less than 12 must be earned in the major subject. No less than one- 
half of the total required course credits for the degree, or a minimum of twelve, must be 
selected from courses number 600 or above. 

Thesis Requirement 

A thesis must be submitted for the Master of Arts and Master of Science degrees except for 
those programs in which a non-thesis option has been approved by the Dean in conformity 
with the policy of the Graduate Council. Approval of the thesis is the responsibility of an 
examining committee appointed by the Dean on the recommendation of the student's adviser. 
The adviser is the chairperson of the committee, and the remaining members of the committee 
are members of the graduate faculty who are familiar with the student's program of study. 
The chairperson and the candidate are informed of the membership of the examining 
committee by the Dean. 

Directions for the preparation and submission of theses will be found in the Theses Manual, 
which may be obtained from Room 2117, Lee Building. 

Oral Examination 

A final oral examination on the thesis shall be held when the student has completed the 
thesis to the satisfaction of the student's adviser, providing all other requirements for the 
degree have been completed and a 3.0 grade point average computed in accordance with the 
regulations described under "Grades for Graduate Students" has been earned. 

The examining committee, composed of a minimum of three members, conducts the oral 
examination (an additional comprehensive written examination may be required at the option 
of the department or program). The chairperson of the examining committee selects the time 
and place for the examination and notifies other members of the committee and the candidate. 



44 Degree Requirements 



Members of the committee must be given a minimum of seven working days in which to read 
the thesis. The duration of the examination is normally about an hour, but it may be longer 
if necessary to insure an adequate examination. 

The decision to accept the examination as satisfactory must be unanimous. Students may 
present themselves for examination only twice. The report of the committee, signed by each 
member, must be submitted to the Dean for Graduate Studies and Research no later than the 
appropriate date listed in the "Important Dates for Advisers and Students" if the student is to 
receive a diploma at the Commencement ceremony for the semester in which the examination 
is held. 

Non-Thesis Option 

The requirements for Master of Arts and Master of Science degrees without thesis vary 
slightly among departments and programs in which this option is available. Standards for 
admission are, however, identical with those for admission to any other master's program. 
The quality of the work expected of the student is also identical to that expected in the thesis 
programs. 

The general requirements for those on the non-thesis program are a minimum of 30 semester 
credit hours in courses approved for graduate credit with a minimum average grade of B in 
all coursework taken; a minimum of 18 semester credit hours in courses numbered 600 or 
above; the submission of one or more scholarly papers; and successful completion of a 
comprehensive final examination, a portion of which must be written. A student following a 
non-thesis master's program will be expected to meet the same deadlines for application for 
a diploma and for final examination reports established for all other degree programs. 

For information on programs that offer the non-thesis option, see the list of Graduate 
programs in the Catalog. 

Requirements for the Degree of Master of Education 

Nearly all departments in Education offer the Master of Education (M.Ed.) degree with the 
following requirements: 

1. A minimum of 30 semester hours in coursework with a B grade average. Grades 
for courses not a part of the program but taken in graduate status will be computed 
in the average. 

2. A minimum of 15 hours in courses numbered 600-800 with the remainder at least 
in the 400 series. Some departments require courses in departments other than 
Education. 

3. A comprehensive written examination taken at the end of coursework. 

4. EDMS 645. 

5. EDMS 646 or MUED 690 and one seminar paper; or two seminar papers. 



Degree Requirements 45 



For further details, see "Graduate Studies in the College of Education" issued by the College 
of Education and descriptions of departmental programs. 

Requirements Applicable to other Master's Degrees 

The particular requirements for the degrees of Master of Architecture, Master of Business 
Administration, Master of Library Science, Master of Music, Master of Fine Arts, Master of 
Public Policy, Master of Public Management and Master of Applied Anthropology are given 
under the individual graduate program entries in those fields. 

Graduate School Requirements Applicable to all Doctoral Degrees 

Credit Requirements 

The Graduate School requires that every student seeking the doctoral degree register for a 
minimum of 1 2 research credits, but the number of research and other credit hours required 
in the program varies with the degree and program in question. 

Admission to Candidacy 

Preliminary examinations, or such other substantial tests as the departments may elect, are 
frequently prerequisite for admission to candidacy. 

A student must be admitted to candidacy for the doctorate within five years after admission 
to the doctoral program and at least one academic year before the date on which the degree 
will be conferred. 

It is the responsibility of the student to submit an application for admission to candidacy 
when all the requirements for candidacy have been fulfilled. Applications for admission to 
candidacy are made in duplicate by the student and submitted to the major department for 
further action and transmission to the Graduate School. Application forms may be obtained 
at the Graduate School Records Office. 

Time Limitation 

The student must complete the entire program for the degree, including the dissertation and 
final examination, during a four-year period after admission to candidacy. Extensions of time 
are granted only under the most unusual circumstances. If students fail to complete all 
requirements within the time allotted, they must submit another application for admission to 
the Graduate School and, if readmitted, another application for Advancement to Candidacy, 
after satisfying the usual program prerequisites prior to Advancement to Candidacy. 

Dissertation 

A dissertation or its equivalent is required of all candidates for a doctoral degree. The topic 
of the dissertation must be approved by the department or program committee. During the 
preparation of the dissertation, all candidates for any doctoral degree must register for the 
prescribed number of semester hours of Doctoral Dissertation Research (899) at the University 



46 Degree Requirements 



of Maryland. Directions for the preparation and submission of dissertations will be found in 
the Theses ManuaL which may be obtained from the Graduate School Records Office. 

Additional Requirements 

In addition to the above requirements, special departmental or collegiate requirements may 
be imposed, especially for those degrees that are offered in only one department or college. 
For these special requirements, consult the descriptions that appear under the departmental or 
collegiate listing in this catalog or the special publications that can be obtained from the 
department, college or division. 

Graduate School Requirements for the Degree of Doctor of Philosophy 

The Doctor of Philosophy Degree is granted only upon sufficient evidence of high attainment 
in scholarship and the ability to engage in independent research. It is not awarded for the 
completion of course and seminar requirements no matter how successfully completed. 

Foreign Language Requirement 

A number of departments have a foreign language requirement for the Doctor of Philosophy 
degree. The student should inquire in the department about this requirement. Students must 
satisfy the departmental or program requirement before they can be admitted to candidacy for 
the doctorate. 

Program 

There is no Graduate School requirement stipulating a specific number of course credits in 
either a major or a minor subject. It is the policy of the Graduate School to encourage the 
development of individual programs for each student who seeks the Ph.D. To that end, the 
academic departments and interdisciplinary programs have been directed to determine major 
and minor requirements, levels or sequences of required courses and similar requirements for 
submission to the Graduate Council for approval. 

Admission to Candidacy 

See requirements for all doctoral degrees. 

Dissertation 

The ability to do independent research must be demonstrated by an original dissertation on 
a topic approved by the department or program. During the preparation of the dissertation, 
all candidates for the Doctor of Philosophy degree must register for a minimum of 12 semester 
hours of doctoral research (899) at the University of Maryland. 

Constitution of Dissertation Committee 

1 . A dissertation committee must consist of a minimum of five members, at least 
three of whom must be regular members of the University of Maryland at College Park 



Degree Requirements 47 



Graduate Faculty. Additional committee members may be required or invited to serve at 
departmental discretion. 

2. Each dissertation committee will have a chairperson, who must be a regular 
member of the Graduate Faculty. Dissertation committees may be co-chaired upon written 
recommendation of the department graduate director or chair and the approval of the Dean of 
Graduate Studies and Research. 

3. Each committee shall have appointed to it a representative of the Dean for 
Graduate Studies and Research. This person, who is recommended by the student's home 
department, must be a regular member of the Graduate Faculty at the University of Maryland 
at College Park and must be from a department other than the student's home department. 
In cases where a student is in an interdisciplinary department or program, the Dean's 
Representative must be from a program outside the departments and programs involved h te 
interdisciplinary endeavors. 

4. Individuals from outside the University system may serve on dissertation 
committees provided that their credentials warrant this service and upon the written request 
of and justification by the department involved, including the individual's curriculum vitae. 
However, these individuals must be in addition to the minimum required number of regular 
members of the College Park Graduate Faculty. 

5. Emeriti and retired professors may serve on dissertation committees provided they 
are members of the Graduate Faculty. 

6. Graduate Faculty who terminate employment at UMCP may be regarded for 
dissertation committee service purposes as members of the Graduate Faculty for a 1 2-month 
period following their termination. During that time they may chair individual dissertations 
and theses and work with students as necessary. After that time, they may no longer serve 
as chairs of dissertations, although they may be placed in the status of co-chair. After they 
leave UMCP, faculty may not serve as Dean's Representative. 

The Dissertation Committee and the Conduct of the Dissertation Defense 

Each doctoral candidate is required to orally defend his or her doctoral dissertation as a 
requirement in partial fulfillment of the doctoral degree. The final oral defense of the 
dissertation is conducted by a committee of the Graduate Faculty appointed by the Dean for 
Graduate Studies and Research upon the advice of the candidate's dissertation adviser and 
department graduate director. Oral defenses must be attended by all members of the officially 
established doctoral examining committee as approved by the Dean for Graduate Studies and 
Research. Should a last- minute change in the constitution of the committee be required, the 
change must be sanctioned by the Dean for Graduate Studies and Research in consultation 
with the graduate director of the student's home department and the student's dissertation 
chair. 

Notice of doctoral defenses must be published in the student' s home department at least five 
days before the scheduled event. The members of the examining committee should normally 
receive the dissertation at least two weeks before the scheduled defense. All doctoral defenses 



48 Degree Requirements 



must be open to UMCP Graduate Faculty and any other interested parties whom the chair of 
the dissertation committee, in consultation with the Graduate Director of the department, 
believe to be appropriate. Departments may wish to routinely open dissertation defenses to 
a broader audience. In such cases, departmental policies must be established, recorded and 
made available to all doctoral students. Oral defenses of dissertations must be held in 
University facilities that are readily accessible to all members of the committee and others 
attending the defense. 

Two or more negative votes constitute a failure of the candidate to meet the dissertation 
requirement. In cases of failure, it is required that the examining committee specify in detail 
and in writing to the department graduate director, the Dean for Graduate Studies and 
Research and the student the exact nature of the deficiencies in the dissertation and/or the oral 
performance that led to failure. A second defense is permitted, which results in termination 
of the student' s admitted status if it is failed. 

Inclusion of Previously Published Materials in a Thesis or Dissertation 

1 . A graduate student may, upon the recommendation of the dissertation director, and 
with the endorsement of home department graduate directors or chairs, include his or her own 
published works as part of the final dissertation. Appropriate citations within the dissertation 
including where the work was previously published are required. All such materials must be 
produced in standard dissertation format. 

2. It is recognized that a graduate student may co-author work with faculty and 
colleagues that should be included in a dissertation. In such an event, a letter should be sent 
to the Dean of Graduate Studies and Research certifying that the student's examining 
committee has determined that the student made a substantial contribution to that work. This 
letter should also note that inclusion of the work has the approval of the dissertation adviser 
and the department chair or graduate director. The format of such inclusions must conform 
to be standard dissertation format. A forward to the dissertation, as approved by the 
Dissertation Committee, must state that the student made the substantial contributions to the 
relevant aspects of the jointly authored work included in the dissertation. 

Requirements for the Degree of Doctor of Education 

The requirements for the Doctor of Education (Ed.D.) degree are for the most part the same 
as those for the Doctor of Philosophy degree in the College of Education. The Ed.D. requires 
a minimum of six semester hours of dissertation credit while the Ph.D. requires a minimum 
of 12 semester hours of dissertation credit. Consult the Graduate Studies Office in the College 
of Education and the individual department for additional details. 

Requirements for other Doctoral Degrees 

The particular requirements for the degree of Doctor of Musical Arts are given under the 
corresponding program description. For more specific information, contact the Department 
of Music, (301)405-5560. 



Degree Requirements 49 



Time Extensions Governing Degrees 

Students who fail to complete all requirements by the prescribed deadlines may petition their 
departments in order to seek up to a one-year extension of time in which to complete the 
outstanding requirements. This extension may be granted by the department, which must then 
notify the Graduate School in writing of its decision. The Graduate School will confirm this 
decision in writing to the student and adjust the computer database accordingly. Students who 
fail to complete all requirements for the degree following the granting of a time extension by 
the department must seek any additional extension by petitioning the department. If the 
department supports the request, it must forward the request to the Graduate School for review. 
In such cases, the Administrator of Graduate Admissions and Records evaluates the request 
in light of the written explanation provided and may grant up to one additional year's 
extension. The Graduate School decision will be communicated in writing to each petitioner 
and a copy will be sent to the student's home department. 

Petition for Waiver or Partial Waiver of a Regulation 

All policies of the Graduate School have been formulated by the Graduate Council, the 
governing body of the Graduate School, with the goal of ensuring academic quality. These 
policies must be equitably and uniformly enforced for all graduate students. Nevertheless, 
circumstances occasionally occur that warrant individual consideration. Therefore, if a 
graduate student believes there are compelling reasons for a specific regulation to be waived 
or modified, the student should submit a written petition to the Graduate School, Room 2125, 
Lee Building, explaining the facts and issues that bear on the case. 

In all instances, the petitions must be reviewed by the departmental graduate director or chair 
and, if the petition involves a course, by the course instructor. If both of these people 
recommend approval and so state in writing, it is then forwarded to the Graduate School for 
final review. 

Commencement 

Applications for the diploma must be filed with the Office of Admissions and Registrations 
within the first three weeks of the semester in which the candidate expects to obtain a degree, 
except during summer session. During the summer session, the application must be filed 
during the first week of the second summer session. Exact dates are noted for each semester 
and the summer sessions in "Important Dates for Advisers and Students." Failure to meet 
specific deadlines may result in a delay of one or more semesters before graduation. 

If, for any reason, students do not graduate at the end of the semester in which they have 
applied for the diploma, they must re-apply for it in the semester in which they expect to 
graduate. 

Academic costume is required of all candidates at commencement exercises. Those who so 
desire may purchase or rent caps and gowns at the UMCP student supply store. Orders must 
be filed eight weeks before the date of commencement but may be cancelled later if students 
find themselves unable to complete the requirements for the degree. 



50 Resources 

Resources 

Location 

Faculty and students at the University of Maryland enjoy the best of all possible worlds. 
Situated on 1.300 acres in Prince George's County, College Park is part of the larger 
metropolitan area of Washington. D.C., which is rapidly becoming the nation's capital in 
cultural and intellectual activity as well as political power. The Kennedy Center for the 
Performing Arts, the Filene Center and the many fine area theaters regularly present 
performances by the world's most exciting and renowned artists. The Smithsonian Museums 
and the National Gallery of Art, among others, sponsor outstanding collections and special 
exhibits that attract national attention. In addition to cultural activities, the nation's capital 
provides interested students the opportunity to observe first hand the work of federal 
institutions; to sit in the galleries of Congress; to watch the Supreme Court in session; and to 
attend public Congressional hearings. The possibilities for personal enrichment offered in this 
exciting cosmopolitan area are indeed enormous. 

Outside the metropolitan area and just minutes from the campus, the Maryland countryside 
is pleasantly rural. Maryland offers a great variety of recreational and leisure activities in its 
many fine national and state parks, from the Catoctin Mountains in Western Maryland to the 
Assateague Island National Seashore on the Atlantic-bound Eastern Shore, all within a pleasant 
drive from the campus. Historic Annapolis, the state capital, is only a short drive away, and 
the city of Baltimore, with its rich variety of ethnic heritages, its cultural and educational 
institutions and its impressive urban transformation is only thirty miles from College Park. 

Special Research Resources 

The College Park Campus is in the midst of one of the greatest concentrations of research 
facilities and intellectual talent in the nation, if not in the world. Libraries and laboratories 
serving virtually every academic discipline are within easy commuting distance. There is a 
steady and growing exchange of ideas, information, technical skills and scholars between the 
University and these centers. The libraries and facilities of many of these centers are open 
to qualified graduate students. The resources of many more are available by special 
arrangement. 

In the humanities, the Library of Congress and the Folger Shakespeare Librar>'. with its 
extensive collection of rare manuscripts, are among the world's most outstanding research 
libraries. In addition. Dumbarton Oaks; the National Archives; the Smithsonian Institution; 
the World Bank; the National Librar)' of Medicine; the National Agricultural Library; the 
Enoch Pratt Free Library of Baltimore; the libraries of the Federal Departments of Labor; 
Commerce; Interior; Health and Human Services; Housing and Urban Development; 
Transportation and approximately 500 other specialized libraries are all within a few minutes 
drive of the College Park campus. The campus will soon be the site for Archives II. the 
largest archives in the world with the most complete set of records and documents about this 
nation's history. The facility is scheduled to be open in 1993. These resources make the 
University of Maryland at College Park one of the most attractive in the nation for scholars 
of all disciplines. 



Resources 51 

The proximity of the Beltsville Agricultural Research Center of the United States Department 
of Agriculture has stimulated the development of both laboratories and opportunities for field 
research in the agricultural and life sciences. The National Institutes of Health offer 
unparalleled opportunities for collaboration in biomedical and behavior research. Opportunities 
are also available for collaborative graduate study programs with other major government 
laboratories, such as the National Institute of Science and Technology, the Naval Research 
Laboratory, the U.S. Geological Survey, and the Goddard Space Flight Center. The long- 
standing involvement of the state of Maryland in the development of the commercial and 
recreational resources of the Chesapeake Bay has resulted in the establishment of outstanding 
research facilities for the study of marine science at the University of Maryland Center for 
Environmental and Estuarine Studies, with research facilities at Horn Point near Cambridge, 
at Crisfield and at Solomons Island, Maryland. 

Campus facilities are also excellent for research in every discipline. Work in the behavioral 
sciences, particularly in learning, is centered in laboratories equipped for fully automated 
research on rats, pigeons and monkeys. 

Exceptional research facilities in the physical sciences include two small Van de Graaff 
accelerators; an assortment of computers, including a pDp 11/45, a UNIVAC 1108 and a 
UNIVAC 1 100/41; a 250 KW training nuclear reactor,; a full-scale low velocity wind tunnel; 
several small hypersonic helium wind tunnels; specialized facilities in the Institute for Physical 
Science and Technology; a psychopharmacology laboratory; shock tubes; a quiescent plasma 
device (Q-machine) and a spheromak compact fusion device for plasma research; and rotating 
tanks for laboratory studies of meteorological phenomena. 

Students also have access to research farms, greenhouses and even laboratory-equipped 
vessels for research in the Chesapeake Bay. The University also owns and operates one of 
the world's largest and most sophisticated long- wavelength radio telescopes as part of a three- 
university consortium known as the Berkeley-Illinois-Maryland Array (BIMA) located at Hat 
Creek in Northern California. 

Special Opportunities for Artists 

Advanced work in the creative and performing arts at College Park is concentrated in the 
Tawes Fine Arts Building and the recently completed Art-Sociology Building. Creative work 
is greatly stimulated by the close interaction that has developed between the students and 
faculty of the University and the artists and scholars at the National Gallery, the Corcoran 
Gallery, the Hirshhom Museum, the Phillips Gallery, the Smithsonian Institution, as well as 
the musicians of the National Symphony Orchestra, the Baltimore Symphony Orchestra and 
small musical groups. The Kennedy Center for the Performing Arts and the Filene Center 
(Wolf Trap Farm Park) have further enhanced the climate for creative artists attending the 
University. Outstanding work on campus in theater, dance, radio and television is aided by 
the proximity of the campus to the National Theater, the Arena Stage, the Morris Mechanic 
Theater and numerous little theater groups in the Washington and Baltimore area. There is 
a frequent and steady exchange of ideas and talent between students and faculty at the 
University with educational and commercial radio and television media, as a consequence of 
the large professional staffs that are maintained in the Washington area. 



52 Resources 



Libraries 



The Libraries on the College Park campus contain over 2.1 million volumes, and they 
subscribe to more than 22,000 periodicals and newspapers. Additional collections of research 
materials are available on microfilm, microfiche, phonograph records, tapes, films, and in 
electronic formats. 

The Theodore R. McKeldin Library is the largest library on campus and the principal library 
for graduate use in the humanities, social sciences and life sciences. Special collections 
include those of Thomas I. Cook in political science; Romeo Mansueti in the biological 
sciences; Katherine Anne Porter and Djuna Barnes; materials from the Bureau of Social 
Science Research; the archives of the Baltimore News-American; Maryland documents; and 
the files of the Industrial Union of Marine and Shipbuilding Workers of America. The 
University libraries are also a regional depository of U.S. Government publications; the 
Government Documents/Maps Room in McKeldin includes these U.S. Government 
publications and maps, as well as documents of the United Nations, the League of Nations and 
other international organizations, and maps from the U.S. Army Map Service. 

The Gordon W. Prange Collection, one of the world's largest repositories of published and 
unpublished Japanese-language materials from the Allied Occupation period, is housed in 
McKeldin Library and consists of Japanese newspapers, monographs, periodicals, pamphlets 
and newsletters, textbooks, maps, news photographs, and political posters produced primarily 
in the period 1945 to 1949, a time of Allied civil censorship controls. The materials range 
from children's books and women's magazines to business, scientific and technical 
publications. The collection is especially rich in fiction and poetry, including reprints and first 
editions. These rare manuscript materials have attracted scholars from around the world and 
have been utilized in numerous recent scholarly Japanese and Western publications of post 
World War II Japan. They are complementary to the American government documents which 
will soon be housed in National Archives II adjacent to the College Park campus. The East 
Asia Collection, in operation since the mid 1960's, includes Japanese, Korean, and Chinese 
language monographs, periodicals, and newspapers. It currently contains about 75,000 
catalogued items, and is particularly strong in scholarly works on the humanities and 
behavioral and social sciences and in reference and serial publications. With the exception of 
the Japanese Division of the Library of Congress, this is the largest East Asian language 
collection to be found in any academic institution in the tri-state region of Delaware, 
Maryland, and Virginia. 

Graduate students at UMCP are not served by McKeldin alone; the UMCP Libraries system 
also includes six branch libraries. Although the Hombake Library's collection is primarily for 
the undergraduate student, this library does offer ample study space and a 24-hour study room 
during fall and spring semesters. Hombake also houses Nonprint Media Services, the central 
location for audiovisual materials in the library system and the campus, and the Music Library 
with books, periodicals, music scores and parts and music recordings in both music and dance. 
The Music Library's special collections include items from the American Bandmasters 
Association Research Center, the National Association of College Wind and Percussion 
Instructors Research Center, the International Clarinet Society Research Library and the 
International Piano Archives at Maryland. 



Resources 53 

The Engineering and Physical Sciences Library (EPSL) contains materials in physics, 
engineering, mathematics and geology with other significant collections in computer science, 
environmental sciences, water resources and aerospace science. EPSL is also a U.S. patent 
depository and its large Technical Reports Center contains collections from NASA, ERDA, 
Rand Corporation, and other agencies and organizations. 

The Charles E. White Memorial Library is a collection of chemistry, biochemistry and 
microbiology materials. Materials include books, periodicals, major indexes and 
comprehensive spectra collections. 

Architecture students are served by the Architecture Library with materials on architectural 
design, theory and history, urban design, landscape architecture and building technology. This 
library's special collections include rare architecture books dating as far back as the 
seventeenth century, materials on world expositions from 1857 to 1937. and the collection of 
the National Trust for Historic Preservation Library. 

For art students, the Art Library collects materials in art history, studio art, art education, 
photography, graphic arts, interior design and textiles. Special collections include art 
reproductions and art exhibition catalogs. 

Research is supported in the UMCP Libraries with a variety of technological tools. An 
online catalog (VICTOR) identifies library materials from the collections of libraries on all 
campuses in the University of Maryland system. It provides access to this information through 
public terminals located throughout the library system and through network and telephone 
connections using terminals in homes or offices. Research is also supported through the fee- 
based CARS (Computer Assisted Reference Services) for accessing hundreds of remote 
bibliographic, textual and numeric databases, as well as through the free use of over 60 
automated reference tools in the libraries. 

In the McKeldin, Hornbake, White Memorial, and Engineering and Physical Sciences 
Libraries, library users can run their own computer searches utilizing dial-in service and CD- 
ROM (Compact Disc-Read Only Memory) for database information in education, social 
sciences, life sciences, business and patents. In conjunction with the Computer Science 
Center, for example, McKeldin ESPL and Hornbake Libraries offer microcomputers for the 
use of anyone in the UMCP community. 

Research is also supported through a variety of user consultation services, including 
directional assistance, basic reference help and in-depth consultations for complex information 
problems. Such help may be requested at the reference desk of any of the libraries. 

Borrowing library materials is aided by several services in addition to basic circulation 
assistance. Direct borrowing privileges are available for registered UMCP graduate students 
at the other University of Maryland campus libraries. Inter-Library loan services are available 
through McKeldin Library's ILL office to obtain loans or photocopies of materials from other 
libraries that are not available at UMCP. 



54 Resources 



Associations, Bureaus, Centers, Institutes, Laboratories and Offices 

Acknowledging the importance of an interdisciplinary approach to knowledge, the University 
maintains organized research units outside the usual department structures. These associations, 
bureaus, centers and institutes offer valuable opportunities for faculty and students to engage 
in research and study in specialized areas and in public service activities. 

Associations 

American Studies Association: Executive Director: John Stephens. The College of Arts and 
Humanities and its Department of American Studies sponsor the national headquarters of the 
American Studies Association. ASA plays an active role in international and national 
academic life and is open to those who are devoted to the interdisciplinary study of the United 
States. ASA is a constituent member of a number of national scholarship organizations, 
including the American Council of Learned Societies, the National Humanities Alliance and 
the National Coordinating Committee for the Promotion of History. ASA also supports and 
assists programs for teaching American Studies abroad, encourages the exchange of teachers 
and students and maintains relations with American Studies Associations throughout the world. 
University of Maryland faculty serve on the managing editorial board of the American 
Quarterly, ASA's guide to studies in United States culture, and graduate assistants serve as 
the ASA's Convention Coordinator, Newsletter Editor and Institutional Research Coordinator. 

Bureaus 

Bureau of Business and Economic Research: Director: John H. Cumberland. The Bureau 
of Business and Economic Research conducts economic research in the areas of regional and 
urban development, environmental and natural resources management, and state and local 
public finance, projects are funded by the University and by State and Federal Government 
agencies. Research is conducted by Bureau faculty members, who hold joint appointments 
with the Department of Economics, and by advanced graduate students working on degree 
programs. 

Bureau of Governmental Research: Director: Allen Schick. Bureau of Governmental 
Research activities relate primarily to the problems of state and local government in Maryland. 
The Bureau engages in research and publishes findings with reference to local, state and 
national governments and their interrelationships. It undertakes surveys, sponsored programs 
and grants, and offers its assistance and service to units of government in Maryland. The 
Bureau furnishes opportunities for qualified students interested in research and career 
development in state and local administration. 

Centers and Committees 

Center on Aging: Director: Laura Wilson. Established in 1974, the Center on Aging has a 
university-wide mandate to promote aging-related activities. The Center's goals are to: (1) 
conduct disciplinar>' and interdisciplinar>' aging-related research; (2) encourage departments, 
schools and colleges to pursue aging-related research and develop gerontologically-oriented 
courses; (3) provide students with educational programs, field experiences, training 
opportunities and job placements that will prepare them for careers in aging-related 



Resources 55 

occupations; and (4) conduct training programs, sponsor conferences and provide on and off- 
campus technical assistance to meet the needs of practitioners who serve older persons. In 
addition, the Center sponsors a colloquium series on aging-related topics that is open to 
students and the public, conducts training and conferences for community-level practitioners, 
and offers the annual Institute for Gerontological Practice for persons involved in direct service 
activities for the elderly. The Center coordinates the Graduate Gerontology Certificate for 
students pursuing master's and doctoral degrees in regular University departments as well as 
for those who return to the campus as advanced special students. 

Agriculture Trade Policy Center: Director: Earl Brown. Housed in the Department of 
Agricultural and Resource Economics, the Center's purpose is to produce cutting edge policy 
research that will be used to increase the understanding of the complex web of economic and 
political forces that affect worldwide trade flows of agricultural, fishery and biotechnology 
food products and services. The Center, which was established in 1990, will support graduate 
students, visiting scholars and faculty from other campus departments who are interested in 
collaborating on an important issue in agricultural trade policy. The Center will also support 
a modest outreach program for policymakers, business executives and policy researchers to 
facilitate the implementation of the Center's research findings. 

Center for Architectural Design and Research (CADRE): Director: John W. Hill. Housed 
in the School of Architecture, CADRE was established in 1978 to permit faculty and students 
of the School of Architecture to offer services and gain experience in areas not accessible 
through the University of Maryland's customary channels for funded research. A wide range 
of planning and design problems, usually small in scale, exists throughout the state in 
communities and towns that find themselves deteriorating or threatened by uncontrolled 
expansion. These problems often require capabilities and approaches not usually offered by 
architectural and engineering firms. Town or country officials and local citizens call upon 
CADRE to assist in evaluating problems, making recommendations for action and 
implementing solutions. Examples of past projects include a master plan proposed on the 
historic National Colonial Farm; the Hyattsville Main Street revitalization study; the Colmar 
Manor and Cottage City commercial corridor study; and the Brookville historic study and plan. 
CADRE is a non-profit corporation, chartered by the State of Maryland. 

Architecture and Engineering Performance Information Center (AEPIC): Director: John 
Loss. A joint center of the School of Architecture and the College of Engineering, AEPIC 
was founded in 1982 to develop the systems, programs, software and storage networks for the 
systematic collection, collation, analysis and dissemination of information about the 
performance (dysfunction) of buildings, civil structures and other constructed facilities. 

Architects, engineers, contractors, developers, manufacturers, lawyers, building owners and 
users, federal and state agencies, insurance underwriters, university and private research 
organizations and others interested in the objectives of AEPIC can use this computer-based 
collection of performance information for: (1) planning new projects; (2) reviewing existing 
structures for rehabilitation or restoration; (3) teaching (case studies); (4) modifying codes and 
regulations; (5) planning research; (6) preparing professional texts; (7) investigating for dispute 
resolution; (8) developing new products for the industry; (9) implementing effective quality 
control measures; (10) improving professional and industry practice; and (11) creating an in- 
house resource base with lessons learned from project performance. 



56 Resources 

Center for Automation Research: Director: Dr. Azriel Rosenfeld. The Center for 
Automation Research, estabhshed in 1983, conducts interdisciplinary research in many areas 
of automation. The Center currently consists of three laboratories: Computer Vision. 
Human/Computer Interaction, and Robotics. Some of the principal areas of interest of these 
laboratories are as follows: 

Computer Vision: robot navigation; object recognition and industrial computer 
vision; knowledge-based vision systems; machine architectures for vision; image 
processing algorithms and software. 

Human/Computer Interaction: experimental studies of human performance with 
computers; novel user interface designs; data visualization and information 
exploration; teleoperation. 

Robotics: control systems; kinematics; dynamics; computer-aided design; 
manufacturing automation; modeling and identification; artificial intelligence; 
locomotion; structural design; applications. 

Center for Business and Public Policy: Director: Frank E. McLaughlin. Housed in the 
College of Business and Management, the Center seeks to encourage more effective public 
policy development in the contemporary social and political environment. It conducts and 
promotes research and dialogue among members of the affected groups and public officials 
concerning the broad pattern and changing character of business and society relationships. The 
Center also directs attention to specific public policy issues through conferences and seminars, 
and it emphasizes the study of more effective approaches to the resolution of disputes 
involving business and society. In addition, the Center publishes and distributes a wide range 
of documents reflecting its work. 

The Committee on Africa and the Americas: The purpose of the Committee is to promote 
the understanding and knowledge of Africa and the African diaspora from a disciplinary and/or 
multi-disciplinary perspective. Included in the Committee's mission are strengthening the 
diversity of undergraduate and graduate curricula; creating an academic climate where the 
scholarly, artistic, and intellectual contributions of Black people are recognized and valued; 
offering intra-curriculum programming; and providing supplemental support for faculty and 
graduate student research. Among the aims of the Committee are community building and the 
enhancement of Black and other faculty whose research focuses on the area. The Committee 
is a joint venture of the College of Arts and Humanities and Behavioral and Social Sciences. 

The Committee on East Asian Studies (CEAS): Co-chairs: Bonnie Oh and Ron Walton. 
Operating under the auspices of the College of Arts and Humanities and the College of 
Behavioral and Social Sciences, the Committee is composed of faculty, staff, and students 
concerned with the development of East Asian studies at College Park, and remains one of the 
central support units for Japanese studies on campus. The Committee recommends new 
courses and curricular changes, publicizes East Asian course offerings, promotes exchange 
programs, and sponsors numerous public activities including film festivals, public lectures, 
theatrical and musical performances, seminars and conferences. 



Resources 57 

Comparative Education Center: Director: George A. Male. Established in 1967, the 
Comparative Education Center provides cross-cultural encouragement and assistance to faculty 
and students with international education interests. Center staff members represent special 
competence on Western Europe, Africa and the Near East as well as international 
organizations. 

The Center arranges study visits for educators from other countries, holds symposia and 
occasional lectures and periodically publishes research essays on international education topics. 
The Center is associated with the Department of Education Policy, Planning, and 
Administration. 

Computer Science Center: Director: Dr. Glenn Ricart. The Computer Science Center (CSC) 
is responsible for providing the academic computing infrastructure for the University. The 
Center provides a wide array of computing hardware, software and support services to faculty, 
staff and students. 

The University's research and instructional needs are served by IBM 3081 and 4381 systems, 
a Unisys 1 100/92 system and three DEC UNIX-based computer systems. Languages (e.g., 
FORTRAN, Pascal, COBOL, C), statistical software (e.g., SAS, SAS/GRAPH, SPSSx, BMDP) 
and a relational database (SQL) are among the services available on these systems. For 
qualified users with large-scale computing needs, the Center provides access to a Cray Y- 
MP8/864 at the San Diego Supercomputer Center. 

The Center serves as a role model in the field of networking. Networking at UMCP is based 
on the TCP/IP protocol, with broad band coaxial cable serving as the main campus network 
backbone, which provides high-speed Ethernet communications. This network, UMDNET, 
also provides access to national and international networks such as the Internet, BITNET, 
ARPAnet, NSFnet and SURAnet. Dial-up ports are available at 300, 1200, 2400 and 9600 
baud rates. Access to the Center's computers is also supported by local connections to a data 
Gandalf switch. Electronic mail is available on machines connected to the campus network. 
A campus-wide fiber optic telecommunication system is currently being installed around the 
campus with a completion date of August 1990. 

The Center currently maintains five public Workstations at Maryland (WAM) labs located 
in the Computer Science Center, Hombake Library, the Engineering and Physical Sciences 
Library (EPSL), and Worcester and Centreville Halls. These labs are open to students and 
faculty seven days a week and feature IBM PS/2 model 50s, Apple Macintosh lis, DEC 
VAXstation 2000s and First-Aid, with NeXT machines in selected labs. In addition, the 
Center supports numerous other public computing labs across the College Park campus. The 
free handout. Where to Go to Find... a Computer, available in the CSC Program Library, 
features locations, hours and equipment available in all of these facilities. 

Many support services are available for faculty, staff and graduate researchers using Center- 
sponsored computing resources. The CSC Consulting Lab (405-1500, Room 3326) provides 
phone-in and walk-in consulting service. The Program Library (405-4261, Room 3326) 
provides access to documentation, manuals, books and software. The Program Library also 
administers the distribution of site-licensed software and a PC-loaner program for UMCP 
faculty and staff. Non-credit Short Courses are given each semester in the CSC Faculty/Staff 



58 Resources 



MicroLab. The CSC Link newsletter informs CSC users of new software, hardware and 
poHcies, and Computer Swapshop provides a means for campus groups and individuals to 
advertise used or needed equipment. The Computer Emporium (405-5825) sells computer, 
software and related peripherals to UMCP faculty, staff and students at prices reflecting 
educational discounts. For more information about the Computer Science Center services, call 
the CSC Consulting Lab at 405-1500. 

Council for Curriculum Development and Change: Director: Steve Selden. The Council 
is committed to working with public and private schools, schools of nursing and medicine, 
business and industrial organizations, museums, and governmental and private agencies on 
issues pertaining to curriculum development and change. 

The Council serves these groups on plans for designing, implementing and evaluating 
curriculum programs; advanced study and in-service education for faculty and administrators; 
networking and identification of specialized experts in the curriculum field; and development 
of national and international curriculum programs and exchanges. The Council is associated 
with the Department of Education Policy, Planning and Administration. 

Dingman Center for Entrepreneurship: Director: Dr. Charles Heller. The Center is part 
of the College of Business and Management. Established in 1988, the Center furnishes direct 
assistance to new and emerging growth business in the Mid-Atlantic region, provides 
entrepreneurship courses to business students and develops a body of scholarly research on 
timely entrepreneurial topics. 

The Dingman Center's academic program consists of a concentration in New Venture 
Creation and Entrepreneurship. Composed of five courses, the concentration is based on a 
proven model of entrepreneurship that maintains that new business success is the result of how 
well the entrepreneur, his or her business idea and the financing of that idea all fit together. 
For more information about the Center, call 405-2144. 

International Center for the Study of Education Policy and Human Values: Director: 
Barbara Finkelstein. The Center organizes research and development programs that engage 
humanities scholars, teachers, school administrators, public officials and educators from several 
nations in cooperative research and development programs focussing on issues of compelling 
ethical and political importance in the study and practice of education. The Center, as part 
of the Department of Education Policy, Planning and Administration, organizes studies, creates 
programs, generates publications and provides consulting services in three areas: 1) 
Intercultural Education and Communication, 2) The Child, the Family, Education and the State, 
3) Humanities and Civic Learning Policy. 

The Center organized and directs the Mid- Atlantic Region Japan-in-the-Schools Program, a 
National Intercultural Education Leadership Institute and a National PrecoUegiate Japan 
Projects Network. It has organized teacher education programs for National History Day, 
provides consulting services to museums, educational television stations, global education 
agencies and school systems, and cultivates research and curriculum development partnerships 
between Humanities scholars, school systems, the diplomatic corps and educators in the United 
States and in Japan. 



Resources 59 



Center for Educational Research and Development (CERD): Director: Dr. John T. 
Guthrie. The Center for Educational Research and Development (CERD) is a research facility 
devoted to promoting the study of analysis and complex issues in education. The problems 
addressed include student learning and development, teacher effectiveness, curriculum theory, 
policy analysis and the social context of education. Issues are examined through a variety of 
methodologies including qualitative approaches, surveys, correlational studies, experiments and 
philosophical/literary analysis. The Center communicates its findings broadly, attempting to 
bring new knowledge to the attention of educational decision makers and the public through 
a variety of publication outlets. 

The Center provides service to College staff in the development of scholarly activities. 
Assistance is given in the areas of literature retrieval and review, research design and analysis, 
and the communication of findings. Preparation of grant proposals including financial 
preparation, monitoring and accounting is supported. In order to conduct research activities 
and sustain communication on the application of new knowledge to educational problems, the 
Center provides a liaison with local, state and national education agencies. Collaborations of 
educational, corporate and university communities engaged in common research pursuits are 
facilitated. 

Family Service Center: Director: Dr. Carol A. Werlinich. The Family Service Center (FSC) 
was established in 1980 by the Department of Family and Community Development. The 
mission of the Center's multifaceted programs is to enhance the quality of life for Maryland 
families and the communities in which they reside. 

The Center offers: (1) direct marital and family therapy service; (2) a variety of therapy 
groups for couples, single parents, adolescents and their families, etc.; (3) publication of The 
Maryland Family, a vehicle for the optimal functioning of families in the community; (4) the 
locus for clinical data collection and research; and (5) the primary training site for the 
department's clinical students. 

Of these activities, therapy training and direct services to families are central. For 10 years, 
the Center has helped train more than 100 family therapy professionals, and the Center 
provides marriage and family therapy services to over 350 Maryland families each year. No 
family is refused service because of an inability to pay. The Center has a full-time staff as 
well as associated faculty members and graduate students. 

Family Research Center: Director: Dr. Roger H. Rubin. The purpose of the Family 
Research Center (FRC) is to enhance family research opportunities by securing extramural 
funding and encouraging cooperative ventures within the University and with other institutions. 
A variety of ongoing and special research projects are operated in the Center from its facility 
on Knox Road. The current components of the center, which is associated with the 
Department of Family and Community Development, include the office of the District of 
Columbia Metropolitan Area Council on Family Relations; the Homeless and Housed Low 
Income Head Start Children's Project; the Marriage and Family Therapy Group project; the 
Anne Arundel County Drug and Alcohol Training and Prevention Program; and the Ford 
Foundation/Lilly Foundation study of the role of the Black Church in Family and Community 
Life. 



60 Resources 



Center for Global Change: Director: Alan S. Miller. The Center for Global Change 
received a two-year $1.8 million grant from the Environmental Protection Agency to address 
global environmental issues by integrating relevant scientific research on atmospheric change 
with policy and technological options that might serve to abate or ameliorate such changes. 
By coordinating and interacting with the University's scientific and academic resources, the 
Center brings together scientists and policy analysts from a range of fields to define programs 
of scientific research, policy analysis and education. Building on its scientific base, the Center 
identifies technologies and policy strategies that reduce pollution and support important societal 
goals, particularly economic growth. The Center funds University faculty to conduct primary 
scientific research focused on global change and it also supports several graduate students. 
The Center is jointly sponsored by the College of Behavioral and Social Science and the 
Colleges of Agricultural and Life Sciences. 

Industrial Relations and Labor Studies Center: Director: Paul A. Weinstein. The program 
of Industrial Relations and Labor Studies at UMCP is concerned with two kinds of activities. 
The first is interdisciplinary research directed primarily toward the study of labor-management 
relations, wages and related problems, the labor market, comparative studies and personnel 
problems. The Center draws on the expertise and interests of faculty from the College of 
Business and Management, the School of Law and the Departments of Economics, History, 
Psychology and Sociology. The second main activity consists of community and labor 
relations education projects serving management, unions, the public and other groups interested 
in industrial relations and labor-related activities. These projects consist of public lectures, 
conferences, and symposia as well as non-credit courses. Planning for the development of a 
Master's degree in Industrial Relations and Labor Studies is underway. 

Center for Innovation: Director: Jerald Hage, Co-director: Phil Favero. The Center for 
Innovation has two major programs of research. The first looks at the consequences of 
investments in human capital and in technology or more generally the growth in knowledge 
on the nature of organizations, including their performances, and on economic growth in the 
larger society. Special attention is given to the role of innovation for both of these problems. 
The second program examines the political economy of local economic and institutional 
development in Maryland and in various developing countries. While the two programs 
overlap in the intellectual content, they involve quite different research agendas. The first 
program is primarily concerned with the development of new sociological and social science 
theories while the second involves action research projects designed to create institutional and 
economic change. Both are interdisciplinary. The Center is an active member of the Science, 
Technology and Society program at the University of Maryland and is supported by both the 
College of Behavioral and Social Sciences and the College of Agriculture as well as grants 
from various funding agencies. 

Center for International Business Education and Research (CIBER): Director: Lee E. 
Preston, Associate Director: Robert E. Scott. CIBER' s role is to develop and expand 
research, teaching and outreach activities on the UMCP campus related to all aspects of 
international business, international institutions and relationships, languages, foreign 
environments and cultures, as well as business operations and strategies. CIBER sponsors 
research projects, conferences, internships and other activities involving faculty and students 
in the Maryland Business School, other units and disciplines at UMCP, other UMS campuses 
and other educational institutions and organizations in the Baltimore-Washington area. 



Resources 61 



Center for International Development and Conflict Manaj^ement (CIDCM): Acting 
Director: Abdel R. Omran. The Center is a think tank and research unit focusing on the 
study, management and resolution of protracted domestic and regional conflicts, population 
pressures, and related issues of political, economic and social development. It has close 
faculty and student links to the Department of Government and Politics. 

A major concern of the Center since its founding in 1981 has been with the analysis and 
resolution of "protracted social conflicts." These are long-term conflicts among national, 
ethnic, religious or cultural communities involving deep-rooted issues of identity, security, and 
opportunity for effective participation is the larger social context. The challenge is to provide 
analyses and to devise techniques that allow the parties to go beyond the adversarial 
framework of official diplomacy, to recognize and begin to address cooperatively the 
underlying identity and developmental needs as experienced by each community. 

Extensive information on processes of international and domestic conflict and cooperation, 
and the groups involved in them, is available from two global data banks maintained by the 
Center: The Conflict and Peace Data Bank (COPDAB), developed by Edward Azar and being 
updated under the direction of John L. Davies; and the Minorities at Risk Project, directed by 
T.R. Gurr. COPDAB provides widely used data on the daily interactions of over 150 nation- 
states and some 200 non-state groups worldwide for much of the post- World War II period. 
The Minorities at Risk project is a global survey with coded profiles of 240 ethnic groups and 
data on their current concerns and their involvement in conflict since 1945. 

Other current projects at CIDCM are concerned with Protracted Social Conflict; Population, 
Development and Peace; Conflict and Environmental Change; International Conflict 
Management; Ethnicity and Conflict; and Regional Studies. 

Faculty at the Center teach regular courses on related topics within the University of 
Maryland, and supervise the research and training of the many graduate students and 
undergraduate interns involved in the above projects. 

Service to the wider community of scholars and to the public include: sponsorship of public 
lectures, seminar, and policy round-table discussions on a variety of contemporary issues; and 
hosting resident and visiting scholars and fellows from the United States and other parts of the 
world. 

Center for International Security Studies at Maryland: Director: I. M. Drestler. First 
established in 1984 as the Maryland International Security Project, the Center for International 
Security Studies at Maryland provides university-wide opportunities for research, training and 
publication in the field of international security and foreign policy. The Center works with 
many campus colleges and departments to provide conferences, guest lectures and special 
seminars throughout the year on topics that relate to the complex challenges of achieving 
peace and security in the 1990s. Curriculum development includes such courses as: Economic 
Analysis and International Security; Alliance Relations; Science, Technology and National 
Security; and Ethics and National Security Policy. Each year, the Center invites a 
multinational group of junior and senior scholars here to work with the Center's faculty, staff 
and students on a variety of individual and collaborative projects. The Center also maintains 
an archive of selected historical materials in international security affairs. Current 



62 Resources 

collaborative projects include the Nuclear History Program and Women In International 
Security (WITS). 

Knight Center for Specialized Journalism: Director: Howard Bray. The Knight Center 
was established in 1987 in the College of Journalism with a three-year grant from the Knight 
Foundation, which was renewed in 1990. The Center awards fellowships to experienced 
reporters and editors for intensive, specially-designed courses to enhance their understanding 
of complex subjects, such as finance and economics, science, medicine and health, and the 
law. Through 1991, the Center has awarded 348 fellowships to newspaper, magazine and 
broadcast journalists for 14 non-credit courses. A National Advisory Board of senior news 
executives and journalists provides guidance to the Center. 

The Language Center: Acting Director: A. Ronald Walton; Assistant Acting Director: 
Charlotte Groff Aldridge. The Language Center, located in Jimenez Hall, promotes cross- 
departmental projects in teaching and research relating to other languages and cultures. It 
provides for the common needs of language instruction for all the individual campus units, 
which include the Language House, the Language Media Center, and the Foreign Language 
Program (FOLA), involved in second language acquisition. 

Latin American Studies Center: Director: Saul Sosnowski. Housed in the Department of 
Spanish and Portuguese, the Center promotes and coordinates research and conducts related 
activities among Latin Americanist scholars from the University and institutions in Latin 
America and the Caribbean. The Center encourages the development of academic programs 
and seeks to enrich the University's intellectual life through its multidisciplinary approach to 
the study of the region. The Center also holds conferences and symposia on a variety of 
issues and sponsors the publication and distribution of the resulting volumes and of occasional 
papers. The Center is the home of the wide-ranging "Discovering the Americas" program. 
(1987-1993) and the residency site for the Rockefeller Foundation Fellowships in the 
Humanities. 

The Maryland Center for Quality and Productivity: Director: Tom Tuttle. The Maryland 
Center for Quality and Productivity operates within the College of Business and Management. 
Established in 1977, the Maryland Center promotes productivity, quality and labor- 
management cooperation in Maryland. The Center helps organizations develop productivity 
measurement systems, employee involvement programs, productivity gain-sharing systems, 
joint labor-management projects and other "tactical" improvements. 

The Center has four major functions: 1) to foster increased quality and productivity and to 
increase competitiveness through direct technical assistance to public and private sector 
organizations in Maryland; 2) to act as a clearinghouse for information about quality and 
productivity and publish a bimonthly newsletter. The Maryland Workplace; 3) to increase 
knowledge levels about quality and productivity in Maryland through the regular curriculum 
of the University, as well as through training programs sponsored by the Center; and 4) to 
conduct research that adds to the body of knowledge about quality and productivity. 

The Center has two offices; the College Park office handles consulting and training activities 
and the Baltimore office conducts quality and productivity assessments for Maryland 
manufacturing firms. 



Resources 63 

Maryland Justice Analysis Center: Director: Charles Wellford. This Center was established 
by Executive Order of the Governor as a part of the Institute of Criminal Justice and 
Criminology. The purpose of the Center is to conduct statistical studies of criminal and 
juvenile justice issues identified in consultation with State and local criminal justice agencies. 
Funding for the Center is provided by the U.S. Department of Justice and by various criminal 
justice agencies. 

Center for Mathematics Education: Director: Dr. James T. Fey. The Center for 
Mathematics Education facilitates a graduate program in mathematics education relating 
mathematics, psychology and learning. The Center provides a setting in which graduate 
students, faculty, participating children, parents and appropriate visitors can become involved 
in the formal and informal interactions so essential to applied research on the learning and 
teaching of mathematics. 

In support of its graduate program, the Center sponsors two major projects: the Mathematics 
Clinic and the Mathematics Teaching Laboratory. The Mathematics Clinic provides a setting 
where graduate students can study the teaching and learning of mathematics as they work 
directly with students in grades 1-12 who have difficulty learning mathematics. Models and 
procedures for the diagnosis and remediation of learning difficulties in mathematics are tested 
and refined in the Clinic. 

The Mathematics Teaching Laboratory provides an extensive array of materials for teaching 
elementary school mathematics that Center faculty and graduate students not only evaluate but 
also use in their work with children or pre-service teachers. 

Center for Neurosciences: Director: Dr. William Hodos. The Center for Neurosciences 
offers a wide range of research and training opportunities for students who are interested in 
pursuing doctoral- level research in a variety of fields within Neuroscience. Faculty research 
interests range from molecular neurobiology to studies of neural and behavioral systems. 
Approaches to research include both theoretical and experimental. Both the research and the 
training activities of the Center take place within the individual participating departments, 
which include Psychology. Zoology, Poultry Science, Hearing and Speech Sciences. Animal 
Sciences, Linguistics, Computer Science, Human Nutrition and Food Systems, Electrical 
Engineering, the Center for Automation Research, Kinesiology, Philosophy, and Human 
Development. The Center offers an introductory graduate course, Fundamentals of 
Neuroscience, as well as a journal club, a colloquium series and other activities to bring 
together the teaching and research activities of diverse faculty and students who have as their 
common goal the pursuit of careers in the Neurosciences. Many of the Center's faculty also 
are affiliated with the Cognitive Studies program, the Molecular and Cellular Biology program 
and the Nutritional Sciences program, which greatly enhances research opportunities for its 
faculty and students. 

Center for Ocean-Land-Atmosphere Interactions: Director: Dr. J. Shukla. Housed in the 
Department of Meteorology, the Center for Ocean-Land- Atmosphere Interactions (COLA) was 
established to foster interdisciplinary research and to increase our understanding of the physical 
processes and interactions of the oceans, atmosphere and the land surface. A better 
understanding is essential to enable us to distinguish between the natural variability of the 
coupled system and changes caused by external forces or human activities. Some of the 



64 Resources 

important objectives of the Center are to study the contributions of internal dynamic processes 
and the slowly varying boundary conditions at the earth's surface in determining the variability 
and predictability of short-term climate, and to explore the feasibility of dynamic prediction 
of monthly and seasonal averages. Specific atmospheric, biospheric and oceanic studies 
currently conducted by the Center are listed below: 

1 . Study of physical mechanisms that determine the interannual variability and predictability 
of monthly and seasonal averages. 

2. Mathematical modeling of large-scale atmospheric processes and predictability of the 
coupled ocean-atmosphere-land system. 

3. Study of climatically significant feedbacks operating between the land surface and the 
regional and global circulation using a biologically and physically realistic model of the 
atmosphere and biosphere. 

4. Investigation of the use of satellite remote sensing data in initializing and validating the 
combined atmosphere-biosphere model. 

5. Research on mesoscale coastal modeling and tropical ocean modeling. 

6. Four-dimensional assimilation of ocean data using realistic ocean models. 

Center for Political Participation and Leadership: Director: Georgia Jones Sorenson. The 
Center was created in 1989 to foster future generations of political leaders through education, 
service, and research. The Center's educational activities include a core curriculum on 
political leadership, fellowships for undergraduates and graduate students in local, state, federal 
and international agencies, a program for athlete-scholar leaders, conferences and seminars on 
leadership. Its research activities include a longitudinal study of the early life experiences of 
Maryland General Assembly members, basic research on transformational political leadership, 
and white papers by Senior Fellows on public policy issues. Its service component includes 
international spacebridges with elected leaders, internship placements with elected officials, 
an annual directory of international women political ledgers, and an annual high school 
leadership program. The Center has a special mission to encourage students from groups 
historically underrepresented in the political process. 

Center on Population, Gender and Social Inequality. Director: Harriet Presser. The 
Center is a population research and training program located in the Department of Sociology. 
The Center supports interdisciplinary research on the determinants and consequences of 
population processes such as fertility, mortality, migration, labor force participation, and family 
formation and dissolution. More specifically. Center research focuses on the interrelationships 
between two core elements of social structure (gender and social inequality) and population 
processes. Research is funded almost entirely be external grants and presently offers graduate 
student fellowships through the Hewlett Foundation. The Center sponsors a regularly 
scheduled seminar series with speakers drawn locally as well as from outside of the region and 
an audience drawn primarily from the Washington/Baltimore metropolitan area. 



Resources 65 

Reading Center: Director: Linda B. Gambrell. The Reading Center provides support 
services for undergraduate and graduate students in the area of reading education. The 
Center's faculty believe that a positive learning environment facilitates learning; they are 
continuously searching for ways to improve reading instruction. 

The Center operates a diagnostic and remedial clinic in which graduate students work with 
children who have mild to severe reading difficulties. Clinical diagnosis and instruction are 
of the highest quality and are closely supervised. Hundreds of graduate students have refined 
their diagnostic and remedial instructional skills in the clinic, which has assisted more than 
2,000 children. The clinic also provides a pool of research subjects for faculty and graduate 
students. 

The Center facilitates faculty research through awarding small grants, obtaining research 
subjects and sponsoring staff development in such areas as research design and statistical 
procedures. 

Collaborative efforts are made with other UMCP faculty as well as with the Maryland State 
Department of Education and the local schools. These efforts have resulted in interdisciplinary 
classes, conferences and research projects. Faculty and graduate students aid local schools by 
conducting in-service activities, consulting on curriculum development and providing support 
to parent organizations. 

Center for Renaissance and Baroque Studies: Director: S. Schoenbaum (UMCP); 
Executive Director: Adele Seeff (UMCP). Housed in the campus' College of Arts and 
Humanities, the Center was established in 1981 to consolidate existing strengths in 
Renaissance and Baroque studies at the University of Maryland at College Park, and building 
on these strengths to create dynamic interdisciplinary programs of national and international 
renown. The Center has several objectives: to enhance programs in the College of Arts and 
Humanities by fostering cross-departmental collaboration; to provide new research and 
teaching opportunities and increased professional exposure for faculty within the College; to 
increase visibility for the College of Arts and Humanities by promoting ties with other 
Maryland and capital-area research and cultural institutions; to enrich the life of the University 
and area community through lectures, conferences, exhibitions, concerts and other public 
presentations; and to build partnerships with secondary and middle school faculty in the 
Maryland public schools. 

The Center sponsors projects such as the scholar-in-residence program, which appoints a 
distinguished scholar for a semester to teach, lecture and conduct faculty colloquia; a visiting 
actor program; an annual interdisciplinary symposium; and yearlong programs and summer 
institutes for secondary school teachers of literature and the fine arts. 

Center for Research in Public Communication: Director: Michael Gurevitch. The Center 
is designed to facilitate research by faculty of the College of Journalism, and by advanced 
graduate students, into the structures and processes of public communication, including 
journalism, pubic relations, advertising and other forms of mass communication. The Center 
also serves as the editorial base of the Journal of Communication, one of the major U.S. 
communication research journals. 



66 Resources 

The Center's philosophy has three elements: 1) stress on the holistic character of the public 
communication process; 2) concern with comparative cross-cultural research; and 3) policy 
orientation. This philosophy underlies the studies conducted by the Center's research 
associates. 

Some examples of planned and on-going projects include: a study of the process of the 
globalization of television news, comprising a comparative multi-national investigation of the 
production, content and audience decodings of television news; the role of media as sources 
of interpretative frameworks defining social issues; and a five-year study, funded by the 
foundation of the International Association of Business Communicators (lABC), on excellence 
in public relations and communication management; and a study of the how those departments 
contribute to the effectiveness of their organizations; and a study of "The New Television 
Marketplace" that examines the implications of the changes in the television marketplace for 
the diversity, innovation, quality and creative freedom in American television programming. 

Center for Rotorcraft Education and Research: Director: Alfred Gessow. The Center for 
Rotorcraft Education and Research operates within the Department of Aerospace Engineering 
and is one of three Centers of Excellence in Rotorcraft Technology created by the U.S. Army 
Research Office. The purpose of the Center is to expand the rotorcraft technology base 
through the conduct of research and the training of M.S. and Ph.D. rotorcraft specialists. 

Graduate studies and research are conducted in rotorcraft aeroelasticity, vibrations, structural 
dynamics and composite structures. The Center conducts a broad range of analytical, 
computational and experimental research, with major projects in helicopter rotor blade tip 
aerodynamics, rotor-body interactional aerodynamics, rotor aeroelastic stability, delamination 
of composite structures, structural couplings of composite blades, and unsteady and circulation 
control aerodynamics. The studies are conducted by the faculty and graduate students and are 
supported primarily by grants and contracts from a number of federal agencies. 

The facilities for experimental research include several wind tunnels, the Composite Research 
Laboratory (CORE), a rotorcraft model rig, a rotorcraft hover test facility, a rotor vacuum 
chamber, a structural dynamics laboratory, two shops for model and fixture fabrication and a 
laboratory computer network for data acquisition, reduction and presentation. The Glenn L. 
Martin wind tunnel, with its 8 foot high by 1 1 foot wide test section has a speed range of up 
to 330 feet/second. It is maintained as an up-to-date facility used extensively for development 
testing by industry as well as for research work. There are two smaller subsonic tunnels that 
are heavily used in departmental research programs. Extensive instrumentation is available, 
including flow visualization systems and a laser anemometer. The Composite Laboratory is 
composed of an autoclave, a filament winding machine, an MTS 220 KiP uniaxial testing 
machine, an x-ray machine and an environmental chamber. It allows a full spectrum of 
specimen manufacture, preparation, inspection and testing. Two rotor rigs are available to test 
articulated and bearingless rotors in the wind tunnel. The hover facility was developed to 
accommodate rotors up to six feet in diameter. A 10- foot diameter vacuum chamber provides 
a capability to study the structural dynamics characteristics of spinning rotors. Blades can be 
excited by piezoelectric crystals. 

The Center offers a broad range of financial aid options to graduate students. Graduate 
teaching and research assistantships are available that begin at $12,000 per year plus tuition 



Resources 67 



and fees. In addition, numerous high paying fellowships are available, such as the Glenn L. 
Martin Fellowship ($15,000) and Rotorcraft Fellowships ($14,000 and up). These fellowships 
pay for tuition and fees in addition to the noted stipends. 

For additional information concerning the graduate program or application procedures, please 
write or call: Professor Alfred Gessow, Department of Aerospace Engineering, University of 
Maryland, College Park, MD 20742, (301) 405-1129. 

Science Teaching Center: Director: Dr. John W. Layman. The Science Teaching Center, 
through the Department of Curriculum and Instruction, offers master' s and doctoral degrees 
specializing in science education. Students may focus their studies on research in: science 
curriculum development, evaluation and implementation; interactive computer systems; 
problem solving and inquiry processes; science classroom processes and management; learning 
science in non-school settings; studying how students learn science; science and learning from 
texts and visuals; science teacher development. In addition, other education topics at the 
elementary, secondary and post- secondary levels directly related to the learning and teaching 
of science can be pursued. 

Currently, the Center consists of six professors, a support staff and 40 active master's and 
doctoral students. Faculty members collaborate with graduate students to actively engage in 
research in new technologies, reading comprehension and classroom processes. A 
comprehensive collection of curriculum materials and documents enhances the functioning of 
the Center. 

Rexible course requirements allow students to develop competence in the theory and 
research of science education, as well as in a science discipline. Graduate students consult 
with a faculty adviser to develop a program of study that meets their needs and interests. The 
core of the student's program consists of coursework in science education, research 
methodology and science. 

Center for Studies in Nineteenth-Century Music: Director: H. Robert Cohen; Associate 
Director: Luke Jensen; Research Coordinator: Gaetan Martel. The Center promotes research 
focusing on nineteenth-century music and musical life. The center's programs are designed 
to facilitate the study, collection, editing, indexing and publication of documentary source 
materials considered invaluable for furthering research in this area. The Center also promotes 
research focusing on the development of computer programs and laser printing techniques that 
permit both the realization of internationally coordinated scholarly undertakings dealing with 
immense amounts of documentation and the production of scholarly publications in a camera- 
ready format. The Center currently produces the Repertoire international de la presse 
musicale (100 projected volumes, under the auspices of the International Musicological Society 
and the International Association of Music Libraries); the First Edition of the Music Criticism 
of Hector Berlioz ( 1 1 projected volumes in collaboration with France's Ministry of Culture and 
scholars at the Paris Conservatory and at the University of Quebec in Montreal); the 
monograph series Musical Life in Nineteenth-Century France and the journal Periodica 
Musica. The Center welcomes the participation of graduate students, offering an opportunity 
to participate in internationally sanctioned research programs. 



68 Resources 

Center for Substance Abuse Research (CESAR): Acting Director: Eric D. Wish. 
Established in 1990, CESAR is a research unit co-sponsored by the College of Behavioral and 
Social Sciences and the College of Health and Human Performance. CESAR staff gather. 
analyze, and disseminate timely information on issues of substance abuse, and monitor alcohol 
and drug use indicators throughout Maryland. CESAR aids state and local governments in 
responding to the problem of substance abuse by providing the above stated information, as 
well as technical assistance and research. Faculty members from across campus are involved 
with CESAR-based research, creating a center in which substance abuse issues are analyzed 
from multi-disciplinary perspectives. Students obtain advanced technical training and hands-on 
experience through their involvement in original surveys and research. 

Center for Superconductivity Research: Director: Richard L. Greene. The Center for 
Superconductivity Research directs interdisciplinary research in basic and applied 
superconductivity. The more than 15 faculty members associated with the Center have 
appointments in the Physics, Chemistry. Electrical Engineering and Materials Science 
departments. The Center's goals are: 1) to increase knowledge of the phenomena of 
superconductivity and of superconducting materials; 2) to train students needed for future 
superconducting technologies; and 3) to interact with industry in the development of 
superconducting applications. 

The Center emphasizes graduate programs and research although undergraduate participation 
is encouraged. The active research program of the faculty, research associates, students and 
visiting scientists is recognized worldwide and serves as a focus for the latest information on 
the science and technology of superconductivity. 

Survey Research Center: Director: Stanley Presser. The Survey Research Center was 
created in 1980 as a research facility within the College of Behavioral and Social Sciences. 
The Center specializes in the design and conduct of surveys for scholarly and policy purposes. 
The Center provides assistance to researchers in sample design, questionnaire construction, 
survey administration, and data entry and coding of questionnaires. The Center provides both 
technical training and practical experience to students. It also has a strong community service 
mission; it provides technical assistance on survey methods and survey design to units of state 
and local government, and it conducts surveys on a contract or grant basis for these 
government units. Twice a year, the Center conducts the Maryland Poll, a statewide survey 
regarding public policy issues. 

Systems Research Center: Director: Dr. Steve Marcus. The Systems Research Center 
(SRC) at the University of Maryland and Harvard University promotes a unique approach to 
fundamental systems engineering research and education. Established in 1985 in the National 
Science Foundation as one of the six original Engineering Research Centers, the SRC fosters 
basic study in the applications of advanced computer technology in the engineering design of 
high performance, complex automatic control and communications systems. Three colleges 
at the University of Maryland are involved in the Center: College of Engineering, College of 
Computer, Mathematical and Physical Sciences, and College of Business and Management. 
Harvard University's Division of Applied Mathematics is also involved. The Center's research 
activities are built around five interrelated focus application areas: Intelligent 
Servomechanisms, Chemical Process Systems, Manufacturing Systems, Communications and 
Signal Processing Systems and Expert Systems and Parallel Architectures. 



Resources 69 

Transportation Studies Center: Director: Everett C. Carter (UMCP). Housed in the College 
of Engineering, the Center acts as a catalyst to foster research, development and 
interdisciplinary studies in transportation. With the input from other departments of College 
Park and other campuses, the Center also provides the means for investigators from different 
disciplines to work together on a wide range of transportation-related problems. The Center's 
objectives are: to identify potential research projects by establishing a dialogue and rapport 
with sponsoring agencies and offices; to provide coordination between the various disciplines 
engaged in or having the potential to engage in transportation research and between potential 
research sponsors and University researchers; to facilitate cooperation for joint undertakings 
between the University of Maryland and other universities and industry; to promote and, where 
appropriate, to supervise specific educational programs of an interdisciplinary nature. 

Among the areas identified for interest and research potential are transportation systems 
management, transportation planning, public policy, public utilities, systems analysis, mass 
transit systems, conser\ ation of energy, terminal location, bridge and pavement design, traffic 
flow coordination, traffic safety and efficiency, transportation economics, air transportation, 
air pollution, noise control, highway design, environmental considerations, and air, rail, water 
and highway alternatives. 

Center for Urban Special Education: Directors: Dr. Philip J. Burke and Dr. Margaret 
McLaughlin. The Center was established through formal agreement and is a school/university 
partnership between the Institute for the Study of Exceptional Children and Youth Pubhc 
Schools. The Center's purpose is to foster collaborative planning, as well as research and 
professional development between the university and the city's schools, and to address the 
critical problems of urban disadvantaged children and youth who are also disabled. These 
students frequently require comprehensive, multiple agency services. Problems related to 
providing such ser\ices include developing more flexible policies for urban settings, 
demonstrating and documenting instructional practices that are effective with urban 
disadvantaged and disabled students, and maintaining an adequate supply of well qualified 
personnel. The Center addresses these problems by providing a forum for dialogue, a program 
of leadership development including specific degree programs, and the establishment of 
research and development projects that are designed to promote the long range goals of the 
city's schools. 

Water Resources Research Center: Director: Dr. George R. Helz. The Water Resources 
Research Center sponsors and coordinates research on all aspects of water supply, demand, 
distribution, utilization, quality enhancement or degradation, and allocation or management. 
The Center joins University researchers and educators with w ater resource user groups, such 
as citizens groups and local, state and federal management and regulator)' agencies to solve 
both basic and applied water resources problems. The Center sponsors research proposals that 
address water problems within the state and region and uses advisory committees to determine 
water resources problems that confront management, regulatory and health agencies and/or 
citizens of the state. The Center also brings together the technical expertise, financial 
resources and other contributions necessar>' to help solve existing water resources problems 
and to generate basic scientific information that may contribute to solutions of future problems 
or may prevent development of new water resource problems. The Center's funds are derived 
from the Water Resources Division, U.S. Geological Survey, under PL 98-242. and from 
substantial University contributions in faculty time and other expenses. Funds are made 



70 Resources 

available for research projects on a competitive basis. The Center also trains graduate and 
undergraduate students in water resources and the transfer of existing water resources 
knowledge to user groups. 

Center for Young Children: Director: Dr. June Wright. The Center for Young Children 
is under the direction of the Institute for Child Study in the Department of Human 
Development. It serves as a model of developmentally appropriate early childhood education 
and offers half-day and full-day programs for children three, four, and five years old whose 
parents are affiliated with the University. The Center is a research center and a teacher 
training site for the College of Education. Located in the Cambridge Complex, the Center has 
four classrooms and two research rooms that may be scheduled by faculty and graduate 
students. 

Institutes 

Institute for Advanced Computer Studies: Director: Larry Davis. Since 1985, the Institute 
for Advanced Computer Studies (UMIACS) has been the campus focal point for research 
activities in computing. The Institute has more than 50 faculty members and is conducting 
research in parallel processing, artificial intelligence, software engineering, distributed real-time 
systems and database systems. The Center shares many of its research programs with other 
departments including Computer Science, Electrical Engineering, Physics, Linguistics, 
Mathematics, Business and Management, Philosophy and Political Science. UMIACS jointly 
operates a Parallel Processing laboratory with the Center for Automation Research. This 
laboratory includes a 16000 processor Connection Machine. UMIACS annually publishes 
more than 100 Technical Reports and sponsors short courses, lecture series, workshops and 
conferences. 

Institute for Child Study: Director: Robert C. Hardy. Founded in 1947, the Institute for 

Child Study is affiliated with the Department of Human Development, which offers graduate 
programs leading to the Master of Education, Master of Arts, Doctor of Philosophy and Doctor 
of Education degrees and the Advanced Graduate Specialist Certificate in human development 
across the life span. These programs have an educational psychology focus and provide a 
multidisciplinary approach to development across the life span. The Institute collects, 
interprets and synthesizes the scientific findings in various fields that are concerned with 
human growth, development, learning and behavior. Institute research is concerned primarily 
with social and cognitive aspects of development. The Institute provides extensive off-campus 
services to communicate current scientific findings in human development to those agencies 
and institutions that request such support. 

Cooperative Institute for Climate Studies (CICS): One of nine such centers established by 
the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), the Institute fosters 
collaborative research between NOAA and the University in studies on radiation budget 
parameter estimation from space, climate diagnostics, modeling and prediction. The radiation 
budget estimation research is concerned with understanding and estimating the exchange of 
electromagnetic radiation within the global system, the major physical process driving its 
climate. The diagnosis and prediction studies are concerned with improving the understanding 
and prediction of climate anomalies on seasonal and monthly time scales. Technical advice 
is available on these and related atmospheric problems. 



Resources 71 



Institute of Criminal Justice and Criminology: Director: Charles Wellford. The Institute 
coordinates the University's interests and activities in the areas of law enforcement, 
criminology and corrections. The Institute has a very extensive and carefully integrated 
undergraduate program. Special emphasis, however, is placed on graduate programs and on 
research. 

The research capabilities and the academic programs of the Institute make possible the 
achievement of its primary goal the education of social and behavioral scientists who have 
chosen the problem of crime and its prevention and controls as their specialization. The 
Institute offers the M.A. degree with options in criminology or criminal justice and the Ph.D. 
degree in criminal justice and criminology. 

Institute for Governmental Service: Director: Dr. Brian M. Gardner. The Institute provides 
information, consulting, research and technical assistance services to county, municipal 
governments and state agencies in Maryland. Assistance is provided in such areas as program 
evaluation, survey research, preparation of charters and codes of ordinances, budgeting and 
financial management, information systems and related local, state or intergovernmental 
management activities. The Institute analyzes and shares with governmental officials 
information concerning professional developments and opportunities for new or improved 
programs and activities. 

Institute for Philosophy and Public Policy: Director: Dr. Mark Sagoff. The Institute for 
Philosophy and Public Policy conducts an interdisciplinary program of research and curriculum 
development, and it investigates the structure of arguments and the nature of values relevant 
to the formation, justification, and criticism of public policy. Most research efforts are chosen 
from topics expected to be a focus of public policy debate during the next decade. They are 
coordinated by Institute research staff and conducted cooperatively by working groups 
composed of philosophers, policymakers, analysts, and other experts from within and without 
the government. This diversity permits comprehensive examination of the major aspects of 
the complex issues investigated. Current research areas include: regulatory policy, 
environmental ethics, the nature of ecology, the rationality of attitudes toward risk, equality 
of opportunity, the ethics of legal negotiation, and the mass media and democratic values. 
Research products are made available through commercial publication, distribution of model 
courses, a quarterly newsletter, working papers, and workshops. 

The Institute's curriculum development seeks to bring philosophical issues before future 
policymakers and citizens. Courses dealing with contemporary normative issues in the national 
and international arenas are offered through the School of Law, School of Public Affairs, and 
various undergraduate programs. Courses that have been offered include: Hunger and 
Affluence, Philosophical Issues in Public Policy; Human Rights and Foreign Policy; Ethics and 
Energy Policy; The Endangered Species Problem; Risk and Consent; Ethics and the New 
International Order; The Morality of Forced Military Service; Theory of Regulatory Policy; 
Ethics and National Security; and Environmental Ethics. The Institute operates within the 
School of Public Affairs. 

Institute for Physical Science and Technology: Director: James A. Yorke. The Institute 
for Physical Science and Technology is a center for interdisciplinary research in pure and 
applied science problems that lie between those areas served by the academic departments. 



72 Resources 

These interdisciplinary problems afford challenging opportunities for thesis research and 
classroom instruction. Current research topics include a variety of problems in applied 
mathematics, statistical physics, optical physics, fluid mechanics, physics of condensed matter, 
space science, upper atmospheric physics, engineering physics and biomathematics. Other 
areas of interest are remote sensing, the effect of ionizing radiation on chemical systems, and 
the history of science and technology. 

Courses and thesis research guidance by the faculty of the Institute are provided through the 
graduate programs in the academic departments of the College of Computer. Mathematical and 
Physical Sciences. The Institute sponsors a wide variety of seminars. Of principal interest 
are general seminars in statistical physics, applied mathematics, fluid dynamics and in atomic 
and molecular physics. Information about these can be obtained by writing the Director or by 
calling (301)405-4875. 

Institute for Research in Higher and Adult Education: Director: Robert O. Berdahl. The 
Institute's primary focus is to encourage and support the study of public policy issues 
concerning the relations between institutions of higher and adult education and their state and 
federal governments. The Institute concentrates on state level problems, including: 1) 
legislative performance audits of higher education; 2) evaluation of statewide boards of higher 
education; 3) interactions among statewide boards, accrediting agencies and universities; 4) 
fundraising and research development; and 5) inter-institutional cooperation. The Institute's 
location in College Park, next to the nation's capital, also facilitates monitoring and 
researching federal policies in postsecondary education. 

Most of the Institute's faculty members are from the Department of Education Pohcy, 
Planning and Administration; however, interaction with students and faculty from other 
relevant areas is strongly encouraged. 

Institute for the Study of Exceptional Children and Youth: Director: Philip J. Burke. 
Housed in the Department of Special Education in the College of Education, the Institute is 
a problem-centered organization engaged in innovation, research and evaluation related to 
major issues affecting the lives of exceptional individuals, including the gifted and talented as 
well as the handicapped. The Institute has five interlocking task areas: policy studies, 
consumer involvement and evaluation, leadership development, interdisciplinary studies and 
dissemination. 

The Institute also administers research and demonstration programs in the areas of public 
pohcy urban special education, technology and international studies. In addition, it serves as 
a center for technical assistance to local schools and agencies with respect to needs of 
handicapped children and youth. The Institute focuses its resources on key issues, problems 
and research areas that will maintain a strong and independent voice in matters relating to 
exceptional children and youth. 

Offices 

US-USSR Office of Joint Academic Initiatives: Established in 1989, the Office promotes 
inter-institutional research and exchange arrangements with counterparts in the Soviet and 
Eastern Europe academic communities. The campus also promotes commercial joint \entures 



Resources 73 

with these areas to support academic activity. Part of the responsibilities of the Office is to 
facihtate such opportunities for development, particularly in technological and information 
science areas that may result through collaborations between Soviet and Eastern European 
scientists and their counterparts here. The Office's aims include: (1) to become a national 
center for the exchange of U.S./Soviet sciences and technology; (2) to expand on inter- 
institutional arrangements extending undergraduate, graduate and faculty exchanges in all 
areas, including the humanities and sciences: (3) to foment faculty and program development 
in this area on the UMCP campus; (4) to conduct research on the structuring and operation 
of exchange between U.S./Soviet science and technology; (5) to become a consulting 
organization to assist other U.S. universities develop similar programs. Thus far, the Office 
has signed two major agreements for research collaboration. 

Laboratories 

Laboratory for Chemical Evolution: Director: Cyril Ponnamperuma. The primary purpose 
of the Laborator\ of Chemical E\ olution is the study of the origin of life on earth. It provides 
opportunities for graduate and undergraduate study and research in chemical evolution and 
serves as a center for international collaboration on one of the most fundamental problems of 
all science. The LCE is part of the Department of Chemistrv at the Uni\ersity of Mar} land. 
Cooperation with other departments on the College Park campus, with the Space Sciences 
Laboraton.'. and with the nearby Goddard Space Flight Center of the National Aeronautics and 
Space Administration makes possible a multifaceted approach to the study of chemical 
evolution on earth and elsewhere in the universe. 

Laboratory for Coastal Research: Director: Stephen Leatherman. The Laboratory for 
Coastal Research \^ as established to create a focus for the advancement of research and other 
scholarly activities about processes and structures of coastal environments worldwide, and 
Mar>'land's coasts in particular. The principal focus of and unifying factor for the Laboratory 
affiliates is physical process research and related enviroimient/socio-economic implications. 
In addition to theoretical and conceptual considerations, practical problems are also addressed. 
Recent work within the Laborator> has focused upon erosion zone mapping, particularly in 
connection with the National Flood Insurance Program; the impacts of accelerated sea-level 
rise, both domestically and internationally: past and future relative sea-level rise projections; 
beach profile dynamics; and island loss in the Chesapeake Bay. 

Laboratory for Global Remote Sensing Studies: Director: Samuel N. Goward. The 
Laboraton, for Global Remote Sensing Studies is a research facilit} in the Department of 
Geography which is directed toward geographic research in regional, continental and global 
scale assessments of earth phenomena. Data sources include obser\ ations from earth-orbiting 
satellites such as the NOAA meteorological observatories, the NASA experimental Nimbus 
series. Landsat and SPOT. Current research focuses on spatio-temporal dynamics of terrestrial 
vegetation, its role in energy-mass exchange by the earth and the influence of human activities 
on the biospheric dynamics and on large area vegetation monitoring. This research is 
conducted with the support of grant funds from the National Aeronautics and Space 
Administration, the National Science Foundation, the U.S. Department of Agriculture and other 
funding agencies. Six department faculty members, four research associates and ten graduate 
research assistants currently participate in the laboratory. 



74 Resources 

The laboratory facilities are contained in over 2,000 sq. ft. of space within the Geography 
Department in LeFrak Hall, College Park campus. The space is dedicated to computer-based 
image processing and analysis, geographic information systems and automated cartography. 
Hardware includes various Unix-based workstations from Hewlett-Packard and Sun, networked 
for integration, as well as IBM and Apple Macintosh personal computers. An extensive range 
of software packages operate on these facilities including PCI Inc., image analysis and ESRl 
Arc-Info GIS packages. A variety of input and output devices for handling digital data, maps, 
images and other graphics are connected to the computer facilities. Field equipment including 
spectrometers, cameras and micrometeorological instruments is available. Additional 
laboratory facilities are available within the Department for biogeochemical and physical 
analyses as well as cartographic drafting and reproduction. 

Laboratory for Plasma Research: Director: Dr. Victor Granatstein. The University of 
Maryland's Laboratory for Plasma Research is internationally recognized for its outstanding 
contributions in both basic and applied plasma physics. Laboratory members include 28 
teaching faculty spanning five different departments as well as 30 research faculty, 20 visiting 
scientists and 50 graduate students. Research activity is centered in the new University of 
Maryland's Energy Research Building, which houses experimental and computer facilities as 
well as a research library. Major ongoing experiments include spheromak (a spherical 
tokamak), free electron lasers for heating magnetic fusion plasmas, intense relativistic electron 
beams, gyrotron amplifiers for driving linear supercolliders and a low emittance electron beam 
transport experiment. Diagnostic equipment includes high power lasers and spectrographic 
apparatus covering the electromagnetic spectrum from x-rays to microwaves. Computational 
facilities include access to the CRAY II and III computers at the Magnetic Fusion Energy 
Computer Center as well as a large number of in-house personal computers and work stations. 

Consortia 

The University of Maryland is a member of a number of national and local consortia 
concerned with advanced education and research. They offer a variety of opportunities for 
senior scholar and graduate student research. 

The National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR), was created to serve as a focal 
point of a vigorous and expanding national research effort in the atmospheric sciences. NCAR 
is operated under the sponsorship of the National Science Foundation by the University 
Corporation For Atmospheric Research (UCAR), made up of 48 American and Canadian 
universities with doctoral programs in the atmospheric sciences or related fields. The scientific 
staff includes meteorologists, astronomers, chemists, physicists, mathematicians, and 
representatives of other disciplines. Over the years, UMCP Meteorology department, faculty, 
and staff members have had an active collaboration with NCAR colleagues and have made use 
of NCAR facilities. The Meteorology Department maintains a mini-computer that allows 
access to NCAR's CRAY 1 computer. 

Universities Research Association, Inc., (URA), a group of 52 universities engaged in high 
energy research, is the sponsoring organization for the Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory, 
funded by the U.S. Department of Energy. The accelerator, located near Batavia, Illinois, is 
the world's highest-energy proton accelerator. University of Maryland faculty and graduate 
students have been involved in experiments at Fermilab since its inception. 



Resources 75 

Oak Ridge Associated Universities, Inc., (ORAU), is a non-profit educational and research 
consortium of 51 colleges and universities in the South formed in order to broaden the 
opportunities for member institutions collectively to participate in many fields of education and 
research in the natural sciences related to the environment, energy and health. Educational 
programs range from short term courses or institutes, conducted with ORAU facilities and 
staff, to fellowship programs administered by ORAU for the U.S. Department of Energy. 

The Inter-University Communications Council (EDUCOM) provides a forum for the 
appraisal of the current state of the art in communications science and technology and its 
relation to the planning and programs of colleges and universities. The council particularly 
fosters inter-university cooperation in the area of communications science. 

The Center for Excellence in Space Data and Information Sciences (CESDIS), which is 
located at the Goddard Space Flight Center in Greenbelt, Maryland, is jointly funded by the 
University of Maryland and the National Aeronautics and Space Administration through the 
Universities Space Research Association (USRA), a consortium of 62 universities. CESDIS 
has close ties to the Department of Computer Science at College Park. Two faculty members 
in the UMCP Department of Computer Science currently hold joint appointments with 
CESDIS and the director is a full professor in the department. The Center began formal 
operation in Spring 1988 and has awarded several contracts for research projects in the 
academic computer science research community. CESDIS supports computer scientists 
working in close collaboration with space and earth scientists on problems of joint interest and 
those of direct relevance to NASA. The focus is on processing and managing data from space 
observing systems and conducting research on other applications of computer science to space 
data. For more information, contact: Dr. Raymond Miller, Director, Goddard Space Flight 
Center, Code 630.5, Greenbelt, MD 20771. 

The Universities Space Research Association (USRA) was designed to promote cooperation 
between universities, research organizations and the government in the development of space 
science and technology, and in the operation of laboratories and facilities for research, 
development and education in these fields. USRA currently has four active research programs. 
They focus on low gravity cloud physics, computer applications in science and engineering, 
lunar science and materials processing in space. 

The University of Maryland is a member of the Inter-University Consortium For Political 
and Social Research (ICPSR). One purpose of the Consortium is to facilitate collection and 
distribution of useful data for social science research. The data include survey data from the 
University of Michigan Center for political Studies and from studies conducted by other 
organizations or by individuals, census data for the United States, election data, legislative roll 
calls, judicial decision results and biographical data. 

The University of Maryland jointly participates in the Chesapeake Research Consortium, 

Inc., a wide scale environmental research program, with the Johns Hopkins University, the 
Virginia Institute of Marine Science and the Smithsonian Institution. The Consortium 
coordinates and integrates research on the Chesapeake Bay region and is compiling a vast 
amount of scientific data to assist in the management and control of the area. Each 
participating institution calls on faculty expertise in a diversity of disciplines including biology, 
chemistry, physics, engineering, geology, and the social and behavioral sciences. Through this 



76 Resources 



interdisciplinary research program a computerized Management Resource Bank is being 
developed containing a biological inventory of the Chesapeake Bay region, a legal survey and 
socioeconomic data of the surrounding communities. The Consortium provides research 
opportunities for faculty members, graduate students and undergraduate students at the 
University. 

Officially chartered in 1969, the Sea Grant Association (SGA) is a growing organization 
concerned with the development and wise use of ocean and Great Lakes resources. Composed 
of the nation's major colleges, universities and institutions with ocean programs, the 
Association works for the betterment of the management and utilization of marine resources. 
Maryland's research and education program is greatly involved with estuarine processes and 
commercial fisheries, especially oysters, in the Chesapeake Bay. Other important research 
efforts such as the joint cholera program with Florida, Louisiana and Oregon, represent strong 
national efforts. The University of Maryland was awarded its first institutional Sea Grant 
funding by the Department of Commerce for the calendar year 1977. Although 46 
universities, colleges and non-profit organizations hold either regular or associate memberships 
in SGA, Maryland is one of only about 20 who have comprehensive institutional programs and 
who are eligible to become Sea Grant Colleges. 

The goal of the Consortium On Human Relationships In Education is to involve all 
interested agencies in the State of Maryland in the identification, development and utilization 
of human resources for the purpose of improving human relationships in education. The 
consortium provides training activities for educational personnel, promotes the sharing of 
expertise among education professionals, disseminates information as to activities, personnel 
and materials concerning human relationships, and promotes cooperative relationships among 
the agencies involved. 

Established in 1965, the Universities Council On Water Resources (UCOWR), is a national 
consortium with approximately 80 members. UCOWR was created to provide a forum for 
interchange of information pertaining to water resources research in academic communities. 
Member institutions also exchange information on special conferences, seminars, symposia and 
graduate study opportunities. 

The University of Maryland is an associate member of the University-National 
Oceanographic Laboratory System (UNOLS) established to improve coordinated use of 
federally supported oceanographic facilities, bringing together the Community of Academic 
Oceanographic Institutions that operate those facilities, and creating a mechanism for such 
coordinated utilization of and planning for oceanographic facilities. As an associate member, 
the University of Maryland operates research programs in the marine sciences and operates 
the University of Maryland Center for Environmental and Estuarine Studies. 

Chartered in 1981-1982 with the University of Maryland among its founding members, the 
Potomac River Basin Consortium comprises 20 or so academic, governmental and private 
sector institutions whose intent is to expand scholarly and popular interest and involvement 
with the many natural, cultural and historical dimensions of the Potomac Valley basin and its 
subregions and the Chesapeake Bay. Consortium interests range from agriculture, 
anthropology and engineering to historic preservation, environment, geography, history, public 
policy and urban studies. Consortium activities, which are intermural and interdisciplinary, 



Resources 77 



are aimed at enhancing opportunities for collaborative studies of the region in academic 
curricula, student exchange, internships, workshops, seminars and a publication program of 
academic studies and papers. 

The University of Maryland is one of the charter members of The Southeastern Universities 
Research Association (SURA), a consortium of 35 institutions of higher learning formed in 
1980 for the purpose of managing large cooperative projects in science, engineering and 
medicine. SURA's first undertaking was the proposal for a National Electron Accelerator 
Laboratory (NEAL). Although NEAL's primary research potential is in nuclear science, 
research in condensed matter physics, medicine and industrial applications is a natural 
byproduct. 

The purpose of the South-East Consortium For International Development (SECID) is to 

respond to the economic and social needs of limited resource peoples and less developed 
countries. Memberships in the organization is open to universities, research institutions and 
other organizations with capabilities related to rural and urban development and technology 
transfer. The University of Maryland is a charter member and has participated in several 
SECID technical assistance contracts including ones in Kenya, Sri Lanka. Sierra Leone, 
Guyana, Malawi, Zambia. Senegal and Mali. 

The goal of the Consortium For International Crop Protection (CICP) is to promote 
economically efficient and environmentally sound crop protection practices in developing 
countries. CICP sponsors training for developing country extension workers, researchers, 
agricultural and health officials, and others to help reduce dependence on chemical insecticides 
and foster a more holistic approach to pest control; fields research teams to assess plant 
protection problems; and provides specialists for other technical assistance. The consortium, 
which operates under an $8.7 million, five-year authorization budget, most of which derives 
from the U.S. Agency for International Development, claims as members 13 U.S. universities 
and the U.S. Department of Agriculture. UMCP entomologist Allen Steinhauer serves as the 
executive director of CICP. which this spring moved to its new headquarters in College Park. 
Entomology professor Dale Bottrell serves as one of CICP's key personnel in his role as 
technical assistance specialist in entomology. 

Incorporated in 1963. The Organization For Tropical Studies,Inc., (OTS) is a growing 
consortium of 43 academic institutions, manages an annual budget of more than $2.5 million, 
owns one of the most well-equipped and best staffed tropical research stations in the world, 
and offers graduate courses in field ecology and agro-ecology. It is supported largely by 
major grants from NSF. several private foundations and member institutions. University of 
Maryland was elected to membership in 1985; local OTS representatives are Douglas Gill, 
Zoology and Allen Steinhauer, Entomology. OTS is a leader in education and research in 
tropical biology. Its principal course is "The Fundamentals Course in Tropical Biology: an 
Ecological Approach." Offered twice a year in English, this 8- week course is taught in Costa 
Rica by a team of two dozen expert faculty. Twenty superior graduate students are chosen 
competitively from member universities in Northern and Latin America. Research 
opportunities offered by OTS include field stations and research fellowships for graduate 
students. OTS manages three reseaich stations in Costa Rica. 



78 Student Services 



The Laboratory for Millimeter- Wave Astronomy is the Maryland part of a three-university 
consortium known as the Berkeley-IIIinois-Maryland Array (BIMA). The other two 
members of the consortium are the University of California at Berkeley and the University of 
Illinois; The array provides support for the design and construction of a six-element 
millimeter-wave radio telescope at Hat Creek in Northern California and undertakes 
astronomical observations with the array. Five faculty members, five postdoctoral fellows, two 
programmers and several graduate students are affiliated with the lab, which is headed by Leo 
Blitz and is a semi-autonomous unit within the Astronomy Program. BIMA currently has 
three antennas of the array operating and collecting astronomical data. The telescope is 
remotely operable from the Maryland campus, and data are automatically transferred to the 
campus once a day. The major scientific interests of the members of the array are the Sun, 
planetary radio astronomy, the interstellar medium, star formation, normal galaxies and active 
galactic nuclei. Currently, the main thrust of the development effort at Maryland is in 
software design and in expanding the array to longer baselines. 



Student Services 

Office of Graduate Minority Affairs 

The Office of Graduate Minority Affairs, located in the Graduate School (Room 2133, Lee 
Building), is charged with coordinating graduate recruitment and retention efforts campus- 
wide, working jointly with graduate departments and advising minority students in all aspects 
of their programs. The Office acts as the student's liaison to the administration, reviews 
policies affecting the quality of graduate life and continues to improve academic opportunities 
for minorities. 

In an effort to provide a multicultural environment, the Office of Graduate Minority Affairs 
will also underwrite those initiatives that highlight the racial and cultural diversity of the 
University community, promote interest in ethnic studies and multicultural programs and 
heighten awareness of issues pertaining to minority student identity. Although the main thrust 
of the Office's activities is directed toward students, it also assists the individual departments 
in addressing issues of diversity and the changing face of the graduate population. For more 
information, contact Carla Gary (301-405-4185). 

Graduate Legal Aid Office 

The Graduate Legal Aid Office provides free legal advice, referrals and assistance to 
currently registered University of Maryland graduate students. Staff members give general 
legal advice on a wide variety of matters, including landlord-tenant issues, consumer problems, 
traffic accidents, uncontested divorces and University-related matters. The Office provides 
direct legal assistance in routine matters, but cannot sue on behalf of students or represent 
them in court. The Office is staffed eight hours a week for student interviews; staff members 
see students on a walk-in basis and by appointment. Walk-in and appointment schedules are 
posted on the Office door. For more information, contact the Office in Room 1221, Stamp 
Student Union, phone: 405-5807. 



Student Services 79 



Graduate Student Government 

The Graduate Student Government (GSG) is the student government for graduate students. 
Its purposes are: ( 1 ) to improve the quality of education and enhance the quality of life of the 
graduate students; (2) to communicate and support research interests of graduate students; (3) 
to recommend members for policy-making and administrative committees of the campus; and 
(4) to act as the spokesbody for graduate student concerns. Membership is open to all full and 
part-time graduate students enrolled in degree programs on campus. The Assembly of the 
GSG consists of representatives from each graduate department, but its meetings are open to 
all interested graduate students. Elections to the Assembly are held every year in the Fall and 
occur within the departments. Officers of the GSG are elected at-large in the Spring. The 
President of GSG is a full Graduate Assistant position in the Graduate School but is elected 
by the graduate student body. 

The GSG has eight standing committees that perform the majority of governing 
responsibilities. Membership on these committees is open to all graduate students. 
Committees include the Executive, Elections, Social, Newsletter, Communication, Minority 
Affairs, Legislative Action and Graduate Research Interaction Day. Departmental Graduate 
Student Organizations (GSOs) are active in most departments on campus and are directly 
supported by the GSG. Involvement in a GSO is not a prerequisite for GSG membership but 
is encouraged. For more information, contact the Graduate Student Government, Box 105, 
Stamp Student Union, phone: 314-8630. 

Campus Senate 

The Campus Senate, an integral part of the institution's system of governance, is somewhat 
unique in that it has representation from all segments of the campus community: 
administrators, staff, faculty, and undergraduate and graduate students. Participation in the 
Senate or any of its 14 standing committees is an honor and a responsibility. The full Senate 
meets eight times a year to consider matters of concern to the institution, including academic 
issues. University policies, plans, facilities and the welfare of faculty, staff and students. The 
Senate advises the President, the Chancellor, or the Board of Regents as it deems appropriate. 

Graduate students who wish to serve in the Campus Senate are nominated by the deans of 
their academic colleges and elected in an at-large, campus- wide election held in the spring. 
Students are also encouraged to participate on a series of Senate standing committees, such 
as Student Affairs and Human Relations. These committees draw membership from the 
campus community at large and cover every aspect of campus life and function. Students are 
sought every spring to fill the committee appointments. Details on the election and 
appointment processes are available through the Campus Senate Office, Room 0104A, Reckord 
Armory, phone: 405-5805. 

Off-Campus Housing 

Housed in the Office of Commuter Affairs, the Off-Campus Housing Service (Room 1 195, 
Stamp Student Union, 454-3645) maintains an extensive and up-to-date computerized list of 
rooms, apartments and houses (both vacant and to share) that are for rent in the area; they are 
organized by cost, type of housing and distance to campus. Personalized printouts tailored to 



80 Student Services 



your individualized needs can be requested (in person) to simplify your housing search. Be 
sure to bring your letter of admission or student ID when requesting a printout. Average 
monthly rates for housing in the area are: $200-$300 for a room in a private or student home; 
$400-$600 for an efficiency, basement apartment or one-bedroom apartment; $250-$300 for 
a shared apartment and $800-$ 1,250 for an unfurnished house. Maps of the College Park area, 
lists of local motels, real estate agents and furniture rental companies as well as information 
of general interest to commuter students are also available at the Service. 

Graduate Housing 

The University maintains 471 apartment units designated exclusively for eligible graduate 
students enrolled full time at the College Park campus. The apartments are located in two 
separate apartment complexes (Lord Calvert and University Hills), both within walking 
distance of the campus. Three apartment types are available. Normally, efficiency units are 
assigned to single and unaccompanied students, one-bedroom apartments to a married student 
and spouse, and two-bedroom units are assigned to a married student and spouse with not 
more than two children. Also, single parents may be assigned to two bedroom units. 

To be eligible for an efficiency unit, a student must be the recipient of a teaching or research 
assistantship (TA or RA), or be awarded of a qualifying scholarship, fellowship or grant as 
approved by the Graduate School. Two-bedroom units are more plentiful than either one- 
bedroom apartments or efficiencies and possession of a TA, RA or an approved stipend 
establishes priority to obtain this type of unit. However, the assignment policy for 2-bedroom 
units varies upon unit availability. Eligible married couples may be considered for a 2- 
bedroom assignment after all requirements for eligible students with children are satisfied. 

Assignment of all units is on a first-come, first-served basis. The waiting period for an 
efficiency averages 1 2 to 18 months, a one-bedroom usually takes 6 to 9 months, and the two- 
bedroom units average one month or less. Waiting periods often reflect a semester cyclic 
demand; waiting time for a one-bedroom unit is often longest in late summer and immediately 
after the start of the fall semester. 

Students pursuing a master's degree are eligible for 24 months of residency and Ph.D. 
students are allowed up to 48 months, which is also the maximum length of residency for a 
combination or sequence of both degrees. Residency is normally terminated on the last day 
of the month in which all the requirements for the degree are completed if the respective 24 
or 48-month eligibility limit has not been reached. 

The programmed monthly rental rates, effective July 1, 1991 and for the subsequent 12 
months are: efficiencies, $383; large efficiencies, $407; one-bedroom units, $444; and two- 
bedroom units $495. Rental rates are adjusted (historically increased) on July 1 each year. 
All basic utilities (except phones) are furnished. The apartments are unfurnished with the 
exception of a stove and refrigerator. All apartments are centrally heated and centrally air- 
conditioned. 

A $10.00 non-refundable application fee should be sent with the completed application, and 
a $200.00 security/damage deposit is required upon apartment assignment. All payments to 
the Graduate Apartments must be by check or money order and should be made out to The 



Student Services 81 



University of Maryland. Cash is not accepted. For additional information and an application 
form, please write or call: University of Maryland, Graduate Apartments, 3424 Tulane Drive 
#14, Hyattsville. MD 20783, Phone (301) 422-7445, Fax (301) 422-2616. 

University Dining Services 

The University Department of Dining Services offers several dining options available to 
graduate students. The Terrapin Express or the Resident Dining Plans offer students the 
ability to dine at various restaurants all over campus. The Terrapin Express has a minimum 
deposit of only $50.00, which can be charged to Visa or Mastercard. The Resident Dining 
Plans start at about $1 100.00 per semester. Information on both plans is available from the 
Dining Ser\ices Contract Office (314-8068). 

Dining Services features over 30 different restaurants and Eateries across campus. Menu 
offerings range from salad bars, grills, delis and fresh dough pizza to a sit-down restaurant and 
18th century inn. All facilities are open to ever>one. but students on board plans receive 
discounts and are entitled to specially priced meals. For more information, call 314-8054. 

Career Development Center 

The Career Development Center, located in Hombake Library, offers a wide variety of 
services to graduate students. The goal of the Center is to assist students in exploring career 
opportunities and planning their career futures. Services include individual career counseling, 
a comprehensive Career Resource Center, frequent workshops at no charge and a variety of 
job search services, including the Credential Service, the On-Campus Recruiting Program, a 
Computerized Resume Referral Service and up-to-date job listings. Students interested in 
employment in the fields of education and library science will find the Credential Ser\'ice 
especially valuable. 

Graduate students are encouraged to participate in any of the CDC programs and services. 
The professionally qualified staff is also available to present special programs to classes, 
seminars, colloquia, and student associations. For more information, call 314-7225 or stop by 
the Career Development Center located at 3121 Hombake Library, South Wing. 

Counseling Center 

The Counseling Center provides comprehensive psychological and counseling services to 
meet the mental health and developmental needs of graduate and undergraduate students. 
Records kept as part of providing counseling services are confidential and are not part of the 
University's educational records. The Counseling Center, located in Shoemaker Building, is 
open Monday - Thursday 8:30 a.m. - 9:00 p.m. and Friday 8:30 a.m. - 4:30 p.m. 

In order to meet the needs of the campus community, the Counseling Center provides the 
following special services and programs: 

1. Counseling Service. Psychologists provide professional individual and group 
counseling services for students with social-emotional and educational-vocational concerns. 
Counseling is available for individuals and groups to overcome depression, career 



82 Student Services 



indecisiveness, anxiety, loneliness and other problems. Workshops ranging from developing 
assertiveness and self-esteem to stress management are also offered. A 3:00 p.m. Minority 
Student Walk-in Hour is held daily. The Center also provides a series of tape-recorded 
interviews with all College Park department heads covering course and career options in their 
fields. Telephone: 314-7651. 

2. Disabled Student Service (DSS). Professionals provide a variety of assistance for 
students with physical and learning disabilities. Services must be arranged in advance and 
students are encouraged to contact the office as early as possible. Located in Room 0126 
Shoemaker, office hours are 8:30 a.m. - 4:30 p.m. Monday - Friday. Telephone: 314-7682 
(voice) or 314-7683 (TDD). 

3. Learning Assistance Service (LAS). Educational Specialists offer individual and 
group sessions for improving academic skills such as reading, writing, listening, note taking 
and learning mathematics and science material. Workshops cover such topics as study skills, 
time management, learning math skills, exam anxiety and learning English as a second 
language. 

4. Returning Students Program. Ongoing consultation, counseling, referrals and 
orientation programs are provided to address the needs of students aged 25 or over who are 
beginning or coming back to school after a break in their formal education. Located in Room 
2201 Shoemaker. Telephone: 314-7693. 

5. Testing, Research and Data Processing Service. National testing programs such 
as the CLEP, GRE, LSAT, MCAT, GMAT and Miller Analogies are administered through this 
office, as well as testing for counseling purposes, including vocational assessment. In addition, 
the staff members provide a wide variety of research reports of characteristics of students and 
the campus environment. Telephone: 314-7688. 

6. Parent Consultation and Child Evaluation. Professional help is available through 
consultation, testing and counseling for youngsters ages 5-14 and families. Telephone: 314- 
7673. 

Health Care 

The University Health Center is located on Campus Drive directly across from the Stamp 
Union. The Health Center provides primary care for the treatment of illness and injury, in 
addition to preventative services. Services include (but are not limited to): dental care, men's 
health clinic, women's health clinic, skin care clinic, allergy clinic, sports medicine, physical 
therapy, travel clinic, nutritional counseling, mental health services, social services, and 
anonymous HIV testing. A comprehensive health education program includes: sexual health, 
stress management, smoking cessation, alcohol and other drugs, substance abuse treatment and 
CPR certification. The Health Center also houses a pharmacy, laboratory and radiology 
department. 

The Health Center is open Monday - Friday, 7:00am - 1 1:00pm, and Saturday and Sunday, 
9:00am - 5:00pm. Hours vary during semester breaks and holidays. You may be seen, by 
appointment, Monday through Friday, 9:00am - 5:00pm. Students are encouraged to make 



Student Services 83 



appointments whenever possible to assure prompt attention. There is only limited care 
available after hours. Urgent problems are seen on a walk-in basis anytime the Health Center 
is open. 

Any currently registered student who has paid the health fee is eligible for care. The health 
fee is included in your university bill and covers routine health care for the semester. There 
are additional charges for special services, such as x-ray, laboratory tests, dental treatment, 
allergy injections, casts, physical therapy, and pharmacy supplies. 

A medical record is established and maintained for every patient who receives care at the 
Health Center. All medical records and interactions with Health Center staff are confidential. 
Information is released only with the student's written permission or upon a court ordered 
subpoena. Useful Health Center numbers include: 

General Information 314-8180 Appointments 314-8184 

Pharmacy 314-8167 Mental Health 314-8106 

Dental Clinic 314-8176 Health Education 314-8128 

Women's Clinic 314-8190 Health Insurance 314-8165 

Men's Health Clinic 314-8137 

Health Insurance 

Because the mandatory health fee is not a form of health insurance and many students do 
not have adequate coverage, a voluntary group insurance policy is available to students. This 
policy provides benefits at very reasonable rates for hospital, surgery, emergency, laboratory 
and x-ray purposes: some coverage for mental and nervous problems; and contains a major 
hospital provision. See information on your letter. Students may elect to have family 
coverage. For additional information and application forms, see the brochure available in the 
Health Center. 

Teaching, research and graduate assistants are also eligible for the State Employee Insurance 
Plan options. Please note that fellows and hourly employees are not eligible for the plan. For 
further information, contact your department or the personnel benefits office. 

Publications of Interest to Graduate Students 

In addition to the Catalog, the Graduate School prepares the following publications: 

Graduate Application Booklet. This booklet, which contains the application forms and 
information you need to complete the forms, is available on request from the Graduate School 
Mailing Office or from the individual departments. 

Guide to Graduate Life. This handbook, designed to provide the new graduate student with 
an introduction to the campus and the College Park area, is available from the office of the 
Dean for Graduate Studies and Research. 

The Theses Manual. This manual contains the instructions for preparation of theses and 
dissertations and is available from the Graduate School (Room 2117, Lee Building). 



84 student Services 



Graduate Assistant Handbook. This handbook sets forth policies, procedures, and services 
of interest to graduate assistants and is available from the departmental graduate offices and 
the office of the Dean for Graduate Studies and Research. 

Important Dates for Advisers and Students. This calendar card of dates for submission 
of final documents is available from the various departmental graduate offices, as well as from 
the office of the Dean for Graduate Studies and Research. 



Aerospace Engineering Program (ENAE) 85 



Graduate Programs 



Aerospace Engineering Program (ENAE) 

Acting Chair: Lee 

Professors: Anderson, Chopra, Donaldson, Gessow, Lee, Melnik 

Associate Professors: Barlow, Jones. Winklemann 

Assistant Professors: Cell, Leishman, Lewis, Vizzini 

Lecturers: Chander, Chien, Haas, Hagar, Heimerdinger, Kim, Korkegi, Lekoudis, Marks, 

Obrinski, Regan. Russell. Vamos, VanWie, Waltrup. Winblade, Yanta 

The Aerospace Engineering Department offers a broad program in graduate studies leading 
to the degrees of Master of Science (thesis and non-thesis) and Doctor of Philosophy. The 
curricula for these degrees are adapted to meet the objectives and background of the individual 
student and are planned by the student and his/her advisor. Applications for admission are 
invited from those holding a B.S. degree in either engineering, the physical sciences or applied 
mathematics. Aerodynamics and propulsion, structural mechanics, rotorcraft, space systems 
and flight dynamics are the major areas of specialization available to graduate students. 
Within these areas of specialization, the student can tailor programs such as computational 
fluid dynamics, hypersonics, composites, smart structures, fmite elements, aeroelasticity, 
optimization and space propulsion related to aircraft, rotorcraft, spacecraft and other vehicles. 

Admission Information 

Both the master's and the doctoral programs are designed to meet the objectives and 
background of the individual student and are planned by the student and an adviser. No special 
Departmental requirements are imposed beyond the Graduate School requirements. 

Master's Degree Requirements 

The master's degree program offers both a thesis and a non-thesis option. For those students 
who select to write a thesis, 24 credits must be taken, with 12 credits in the main discipline 
(600 level or above), and a maximum of 9 credits at the 4(X) level courses (no more than 6 
credits from department courses). Students must also take ENAE 799. For the non-thesis 
option, students are required to take 30 credit hours, with 12 credits at the 600 level or above 
in the main discipline, and a maximum of 9 credits at the 400 level (not more than 6 credits 
from department courses). Students must also write a scholarly paper, with the advisement 
of a faculty member, and take a written comprehensive exam. 

Doctoral Degree Requirements 

For the Doctor of Philosophy degree, the Department requires a minimum of 42 semester 
hours of coursework beyond the B.S. and should include: (1) not less than 18 hours within 
one Departmental area of specialization, (2) not less than six hours from among the other areas 
of specialization in the Department, and (3) not less than nine hours in courses that emphasize 
the physical sciences or mathematics. The total in (2) plus that in (3) must be at least 15 



86 Agricultural and Resource Economics Program (AREC) 



hours, 12 hours of which must be 600-level courses. Written qualifying and oral 
comprehensive examinations are also required. 

Facilities and Special Resources 

The Departmental facilities for experimental research include several wind tunnels, the 
Composites Research Laboratory, the Space Systems Laboratory, two rotorcraft model rigs, 
a rotorcraft hover test facility, and a rotor vacuum chamber. The Glenn L. Martin wind tunnel 
with its 8 foot high by 1 1 foot wide test section has a speed range up to 330 feet/second. It 
is used extensively for development testing by industry, as well as for research work. There 
are two smaller subsonic tunnels which are used in Departmental research programs. The 
Composites Research Laboratory is comprised of an autoclave, a filament winding machine, 
an MTS 220 KiP uniaxial testing machine, an x-ray machine and an environmental chamber. 
It allows a full spectrum of specimen manufacture, preparation, inspection and testing. The 
Space Systems Laboratory is a world-class laboratory in space operations, with particular 
emphasis on neutral buoyancy simulation. The facilities include two functional telerobots, a 
12' diameter by 10' deep water immersion facility, and a 50' diameter by 25' deep neutral 
buoyancy research tank under development (anticipated opening in mid- 1992). In the 
rotorcraft area, two experimental rigs are available to test articulated and bearingless rotors in 
the wind tunnel. The hover facility can accommodate up to 6' diameter rotor. A 10' diameter 
vacuum chamber provides a capability to study the structural dynamics of spinning rotors. 

Financial Assistance 

A number of graduate assistantships and fellowships, including the Glenn L. Martin 
Rotorcraft and Hypersonic Fellowships, are available for financial assistance. 

Additional Information 

For more information on the graduate program, contact: 

Director of Graduate Studies 
Department of Aerospace Engineering 
University of Maryland 
College Park, MD 20742 
(301)405-1121 

For courses, see code ENAE. 



Agricultural and Resource Economics Program (AREC) 

Chair: Hueth 

Professors: Bender, Bockstael, Brown, Cain, Chambers, Foster, Gardner, Hueth, Just, Lopez, 

McConnell, Strand, Tuthill, Wysong 

Professor Emeritus: Stevens 

Associate Professor: Hardie 

Assistant Professors: Horowitz, Leathers, Lichtenberg 



Agricultural and Resource Economics Program (AREC) 87 



The Department of Agricultural and Resource Economics offers the Master of Science and 
Doctor of Philosophy degrees. The graduate program prepares students through courses in 
traditional subject matter areas, research experiences designed to give technical and creative 
competency in applied economics, and seminar and discussion opportunities. 

The Department provides two areas of concentration: agricultural economics and resource 
economics. Study and research within these two areas can include specializations in 
agricultural development, international trade and the environment, agricultural marketing, 
production economics, agricultural policy, econometrics, land use, marine resources, water 
resources and the link between environmental quality and economic development. 

Substantial employment opportunities exist for persons with advanced training in agricultural 
and resource economics. Graduates from the Department obtain employment in government, 
industry and universities. Graduates are hired by such agencies as the U.S. Departments of 
Agriculture and Interior and the Environmental Protection Agency, and some obtain positions 
with the World Bank and similar agencies. Industry positions include management or program 
responsibilities. Graduates with academic interests are usually hired as assistant professors 
(teaching, research, extension) at major universities. 

Admission Information 

Applicants should have taken (or plan to take) an advanced undergraduate course in 
microeconomics. Applicants should also have completed two or more semesters in calculus, 
plus additional mathematics. The Graduate Record Examination (GRE) scores are required 
with the application for admission. Part-time graduate study is not encouraged because few 
courses are taught at night. 

Master's Degree Requirements 

The M.S. degree program offers both a thesis and non-thesis option. The thesis option 
requires a minimum of 24 credits of coursework and six credits of thesis research. The 
student must also take a final oral examination, which is primarily a defense of the thesis. The 
non-thesis option requires 33 credits of coursework, a scholarly paper and a comprehensive 
written examination, which is primarily concerned with coursework taken during the program. 

Doctoral Degree Requirements 

The Ph.D. degree requires a minimum of 48 credits of coursework beyond the bachelor's 
degree and 12 credits of dissertation research. Qualifying exams are administered on 
completion of core course requirements. An oral dissertation defense is also required. 

Facilities and Special Resources 

The Department actively draws upon the resources of many state, federal and international 
agencies unique to the Washington, D.C., area to offer experience from the worid of 
government and business. The Library of Congress in Washington and the National 
Agricultural Library in Beltsville (just north of the campus) enhance teaching and research 
efforts. 



88 Agricultural Engineering Program (ENAG) 



Financial Assistance 

Graduate assistantships are offered to qualified applicants on the basis of past academic 
performance, research potential and availability of funds. Many full-time students in the 
Department hold assistantships or some other form of financial aid. Part-time and summer 
work is often available for students who do not have assistantships. Also, a large number of 
graduate fellowships are available. 

Additional Information 

The Handbook of Policies for the Graduate Program provides course requirements, 
examination procedures and descriptive material for the M.S. and Ph.D. programs. For 
specific information contact: 

Dr. Kenneth E. McConnell 

Graduate Coordinator 

Department of Agricultural and Resource Economics 

University of Maryland 

College Park, MD 20742 

(301) 405-1291 

For courses, see code AREC. 



Agricultural Engineering Program (ENAG) 

Chair: Stewart 

Professors: Johnson, Wheaton 

Associate Professors: Grant, Magette, Ross, Stewart 

Assistant Professors: Kangas, Shirmohammadi 

Affiliate Assistant Professor: Brinsfield 

The Department of Agricultural Engineering offers programs of graduate study in 
Agricultural and Aquacultural Engineering leading to the degrees of Master of Science and 
Doctor of Philosophy. Areas of specialization include Aquacultural Engineering, 
Bioengineering, Food Engineering, and Water Resources Engineering. The program has a 
strong environmental component that includes topics which range from the prevention of 
nutrients and pesticides from polluting natural waters (e.g., the Chesapeake Bay) to minimizing 
the discomfort of workers wearing respiratory equipment in hazardous environments. Food 
safety, the production and processing of food and fiber from terrestrial and aquatic 
environments, and wise use and conservation of natural resources are all important 
considerations in the Agricultural Engineering Graduate Program. 

Graduates can look forward to excellent employment opportunities, with three to five job 
openings for every student completing an advanced degree. Projections indicate that the 
demand for agricultural engineers with advanced degrees will continue to be strong in the 
future. 



Agricultural Engineering Program (ENAG) 89 



Admission is open to graduates in engineering, physical science or biological science who 
meet the Graduate School requirements and who have (or will have) satisfactorily completed 
a core of basic engineering courses. 

Master's Degree Requirements 

For the thesis M.S. program, a minimum of 30 semester credit hours is required, including 
at least nine hours of 600-level agricultural engineering courses, six hours of thesis research 
and three hours of 600 level biometrics/statistics. A non-thesis M.S. is also available requiring 
a minimum of 33 semester credit hours, which should include at least nine hours of 60()-level 
ENAG courses, three hours for a required paper and three hours of 600 level 
biometrics/statistics. 

Doctoral Degree Requirements 

A minimum of 60 credit hours beyond the bachelor's is required for the Ph.D. program, 
including 12 hours of 600-level (or above) agricultural engineering courses, 12 hours of 
dissertation research, and 9 credits of 400 level (or above) biometrics/statistics/mathematics, 
of which at least 3 credits must be 600 level biometrics/statistics. Additional courses may be 
required, depending on the student's background. The Department has no language 
requirements for either graduate degree. Except for the above requirements, an M.S. or Ph.D. 
program is planned on a personal basis and is oriented toward the intellectual and professional 
objectives of the student. 

Facilities and Special Resources 

In addition to well-equipped laboratories in the Department, the facilities of the Agricultural 
Experiment Station, the Computer Science Center and the College of Engineering are 
available. 

Financial Assistance 

Financial assistance may be available to qualified candidates in the form of teaching or 
research assistantships, part-time work or fellowships. 

Additional Information 

For additional information contact: 

Dr. Fredrick Wheaton, Graduate Coordinator 
Agricultural Engineering Department 
University of Maryland 
College Park. MD 20742 
(301)405-1198 

For courses, see code ENAG. 



90 Agronomy Program (AGRO) 



Agronomy Program (AGRO) 

Chair: Weismiller 

Professors: Aycock, Bandel, Demoeden, Fanning, Kenworthy, McKee, Mulchi, Sammons, 

Weil, Weismiller 

Professors Emeriti: Axley, Clark, Decker, Hoyert, Miller 

Associate Professors: Angle, Glenn, Hill. Mcintosh, Rabenhorst, Ritter, Turner, Vough 

Assistant Professors: Carroll, James, Slaughter 

Adjunct Professors: Daughtry, Lee, Meisinger, Thomas, van Berkum 

The Department of Agronomy offers graduate study leading to the Master of Science and 
Doctor of Philosophy degrees in Soil Science and Crop Science. Within these areas of 
concentration, students typically specialize in such areas as crop production, crop physiology, 
crop ecology, crop breeding, forage management, turf management, weed science, soil 
chemistry, soil physics, soil fertility, soil and water conservation, soil genesis, morphology and 
classification, soil survey and land use, soil mineralogy, soil biochemistry, soil microbiology, 
waste disposal, and soil-environment interactions. 

The specific program of study for each graduate student at both the M.S. and Ph.D. level is 
individually tailored to the student's interests and professional goals within a rigorous but 
flexible set of program requirements. 

Admission Information 

Students seeking admission should have strong training in the basic sciences (chemistry, 
physics) and in mathematics. It is also helpful for the applicant to have completed 
introductory courses in plant science and soil science prior to admission for graduate studies. 
A bachelor's degree in agronomy is not required for admission to the M.S. program, however 
candidates for admission to the Ph.D. program should first have completed the M.S. degree 
in agronomy or a related discipline. 

Master's Degree Requirements 

The master's program offers both a thesis and a non-thesis option. The thesis option program 
requires a minimum of 30 semester hours beyond the B.S. degree. Details regarding the course 
mix for the thesis option are available from the Department; at a minimum, students are 
required to select 12 semester hours of course work at the 600-level or above, and must also 
complete at least 12 hours of course work in Agronomy at the 400-level if not completed at 
the undergraduate level. A thesis, based on the student's research, as well as the presentation 
of research results to a Departmental seminar and a defense of the thesis in an oral 
examination are required for the degree. 

The non-thesis option is offered for students who do not intend to pursue further studies 
beyond the M.S., and whose career objectives will not require skills or competence in research. 
The non-thesis option requires a minimum of 30 semester hours of course work beyond the 
B.S. degree, but in general non-thesis M.S. students complete more course work than that 
required for the thesis option: a total of 18 semester hours at the 600-level or above, and a 
minimum of 20 semester-hours of 400-level course work (taken at the undergraduate and 



Agronomy Program (AGRO) 91 



graduate level combined) must be completed for the degree. Non-thesis M.S. students are also 
required to write two scholarly papers, to present a seminar on the contents of each, and to 
pass a written and an oral comprehensive examination. 

Doctoral Degree Requirements 

The Ph.D. degree in agronomy requires demonstration of a high level of competence in the 
discipline and the completion of original, advanced research which is presented in a 
departmental seminar and as a doctoral dissertation. At a minimum, the Ph.D. student is 
required to complete course work equivalent to what is normally expected of an M.S. student 
in agronomy at this institution (see above) plus 12 credit-hours of dissertation research. A 
total of 50-60 semester hours of course work beyond the B.S. is typically completed by Ph.D. 
students in agronomy. The group of formal courses selected should form a logical and 
coherent whole that will provide the student with sufficient depth in the area of specialization 
to be fully competent to carry out the dissertation research planned and to work successfully 
as a professional. Details regarding the specific course requirements of the Ph.D. program of 
study are available from the Department, but include a mix of courses in the basic sciences, 
mathematics, and agronomy (both crop and soil science). 

Admission to doctoral candidacy requires that the student pass both a written and an oral 
comprehensive examination. Completion of the Ph.D. degree includes successful defense of 
the dissertation in addition to completion of required course work. 

Facilities and Special Resources 

The Agronomy Department has many well-equipped laboratories designed to carry out basic 
and applied research in crop and soil science. Modem equipment in the laboratories includes 
the following: x-ray diffraction spectrophotometer, mass spectrophotometer, atomic absorption 
gas chromatograph, high pressure liquid chromatograph, ion chromatograph, isotope counter, 
ultracentrifuge, petrographic scopes and equipment for thin section preparations, vacuum oven, 
organic carbon analyzer, neutron soil moisture probe and scaler, incubator for plant tissue 
culture, infrared grain quality analyzer, CHN analyzer, and carbon furnace. Growth chambers, 
extensive greenhouse space and a statewide network of research/education centers provide 
access to a wide range of soil and environmental conditions for research into plant growth 
processes and soil properties. A complete inventory of planting and harvesting equipment 
suitable for small plot work is also available for field research. Students have access to a 
computer laboratory in the department and a comprehensive computer center located on 
campus. The University Libraries on campus and the National Agriculture Library located 
nearby, supplemented by the Library of Congress, make the library resources accessible to 
students among the best in the nation. Many of the Department's projects are conducted in 
cooperation with other departments on campus and with professionals at the headquarters of 
the Agricultural Research Service of the United States Department of Agriculture located three 
miles from campus in Beltsville. 

Financial Assistance 

A limited number of research assistantships and teaching assistantships are available for 
qualified applicants. There is strong competition for these awards, and candidates are 



92 American Studies Program (AMST) 



encouraged to submit their applications as early as possible in the semester preceding 
anticipated enrollment in the Department. 

Additional Information 

For more specific information on the program, contact: 

Dr. Richard Weismiller, Chair 
Department of Agronomy 
1 109 H.J. Patterson Hall 
University of Maryland 
College Park, MD 20742 
(301) 405-1306 

For courses, see code AGRO. 



American Studies Program (AMST) 

Chair: Kelly 

Professors: Caughey, Diner 

Associate Professors: Kelly, Lounsbury, Mintz 

Assistant Professor: Sies 

Adjunct Professors: Carson, Washburn 

American Studies offers an interdisciplinary program of study leading to the Master of Arts 
and the Doctor of Philosophy degrees. The Department is particularly oriented toward the 
study of 19th and 20th century American culture with special emphasis in the areas of popular 
culture, literature and society, women's studies, ethnography, material culture, film, art, and 
social and cultural change. By combining courses in American Studies with study in other 
departments and fields, students can tailor their graduate program closely to their individual 
interests and career goals. 

Internship opportunities are available in area museums, archives, government agencies and 
local historical societies. Courses in material culture taught at the Smithsonian Institution and 
George Washington University are open to students in American Studies. The Department 
also cooperates with the Departments of History, Anthropology, Geography and Urban Studies, 
and the School of Architecture in sponsoring a certificate program in Historic Preservation. 
Students interested in that program are admitted to one of the cooperating departments and, 
upon successful application to the Committee on Historic Preservation, must then complete 24 
additional credit hours in preservation-related courses. 

Admission Information 

Applicants to the program should have a broad liberal arts background appropriate to the 
interdisciplinary study of American culture at the graduate level. 



American Studies Program 93 



Master's Degree Requirements 

The master's program requires completion of 30 credit hours. Students who elect to write 
a thesis take 24 hours of coursework and six hours of AMST 799 (thesis credit). To complete 
the non-thesis option, students must take 30 hours of coursework and submit a scholarly paper 
based on independent research in lieu of a thesis. In addition, all students must pass a written 
examination. 

Doctoral Degree Requirements 

Ph.D. candidates must complete beyond the master's degree at least 30 credit hours, which 
are organized around an area of specialization. Students must also pass three written 
comprehensive examinations, and write and defend a dissertation based on original research. 

Facilities and Special Resources 

The Washington area offers extraordinary research facilities for the study of past and present 
American culture, including the Library of Congress, the National Archives, the National 
Museum of American History and the National Gallery, as well as numerous other museums, 
collections, archives and libraries. Through consortial arrangements with other schools in the 
area, including George Washington University and Georgetown University, students may 
augment their programs with courses otherwise unavailable at the University of Maryland. 

Financial Assistance 

A limited number of teaching assistantships are available in addition to graduate fellowships. 
Students who hold assistantships typically teach two sections of AMST 201, Introduction to 
American Studies. Awards are generally made to students who have successfully completed 
one year in the graduate program. Two additional assistantships, awarded annually, are 
available for students interested in working in the national office of the American Studies 
Association. 

Additional Information 

Additional information on program offerings, degree requirements and financial aid can be 
obtained by writing to: 

Director of Graduate Studies 
Department of American Studies 
2101 South Campus Surge Bldg. 
University of Mary land 
College Park, MD 20742 
(301)405-1354 

For courses, see code AMST. 



94 Animal Sciences Program (ADVP) 



Animal Sciences Program (ADVP) 

Director: Vandersall 

Professors: Erdman, Mather, Vandersall, Vijay, Westhoff, Williams (ANSC); Mallinson. 

Marquardt, Mohanty (VTEM); Heath, Kuenzel, Ottinger, Scares. Wabeck (POUL) 

Professors Emeriti: Flyger. Keeney 

Associate Professors: DeBarthe, Douglass, Hartsock, Majeskie, Peters, Russek-Cohen. 

Stricklin, Vamer (ANSC); Dutta, Dyer, Snyder (VTEM): Doerr. Mench (POUL) 

Assistant Professors: Barao, Deuel (ANSC); Carmel, Ingling, Samal, Sarmiento, Vakharia 

(VTEM) 

Adjunct Professor: Paape (ANSC) 

Affiliate Professor: Bishop (ANSC) 

Affiliate Associate Professor: Stephenson (VTEM) 

NOTE: Some courses in this program may require the use of animals. Please see the 
Statement on Animal Care and Use in the Appendix and the Policy Statement for Students 
under "Degree Requirements." 

The Graduate Program in the Animal Sciences offers graduate study leading to the Master 
of Science and Doctor of Philosophy degrees. The master's degree program offers both the 
thesis and non-thesis options. Faculty research interests include animal nutrition, physiology, 
behavior, virology, microbiology, immunology and cell molecular biology. Opportunities for 
study are primarily related to domestic animals, but studies with other species are possible. 

Admission Information 

Applicants are required to submit Graduate Record Examination scores and at least three 
letters of recommendation. 

Master's Degree Requirements 

During the first semester, students should select a chairman for their Advisory Committee. 
This chairman must then be approved by the Graduate Evalution Committee. With their 
Advisory Committee's advice, students then file a proposed schedule of courses, including at 
least one credit of ADVP Seminar (ANSC 698A). Committees may require remedial courses 
if students enter with inadequate prerequisites or deficiencies in undergraduate programs. By 
the third semester a thesis research or non-thesis scholarly paper must be approved and filed. 
The student must also present the thesis or scholarly paper in a public seminar and pass a final 
oral examination, which is given by the Advisory Committee, on the research. In addition, 
a written comprehensive examination is required of non-thesis students. A final copy of the 
thesis or scholarly paper must be submitted to the Program Office. Students with adequate 
undergraduate training usually complete the master's degree within two years. 

Doctoral Degree Requirements 

Ph.D. students with master's degrees from other institutions are expected to meet the 
requirements indicated above. The M.S. is not a prerequisite but is advantageous for 
admission to Ph.D. program. Two additional credits of the Program Seminar (ANSC 698 A) 



Animal Sciences Program 95 



are required. A plan of study and a research proposal must be filed with the approval of an 
Advisory Committee formed early in the program. At least one semester of teaching 
experience is required. The Admission to Candidacy Examinations are both written and oral. 
Prior to the tlnal oral examination, the candidate must present his/her dissertation in a public 
seminar. In addition to the dissertation, at least one paj)er, for publication in a referred 
scientific journal, must be approved. A final copy of the dissertation must be submitted to the 
Program Office. The Ph.D. degree should be completed within three years after the M.S. 
degree. 

Facilities and Special Resources 

The Program's faculty represent research accomplished in a wide variety of related fields. 
Excellent supporting courses in physiology, biochemistry and microbiology are available in 
the appropriate departments. Courses in biometrics (BIOM) provide a strong background in 
experimental design and statistical analysis. Terminals and microcomputers are available in 
the Animal Sciences Center. The Computer Science Center offers extensive facilities for 
statistical analysis of thesis data. 

Modem new laboratory facilities are available. The College of Veterinary Medicine moved 
to the new Gudelsky Center in 1989 and the Department of Animal Sciences is scheduled to 
move into an addition that will more than double the laboraton,' space in the Animal Sciences 
Center. Facilities are available for cell culture, monoclonal antibody production and enzyme- 
linked immunosorbant assays. Instrumentation is available to graduate students for gas liquid 
chromatography, amino acid analysis, atomic absorption, ultra violet and visible 
spectrophotometry, calorimetr>-. electron microscopy, liquid scintillation radioactivity 
measurements, electrophoresis, ultracentrifugation. ovum micromanipulation, a variety of 
microbiological, extensive recombinant DNA and an entire spectrum of biochemical 
techniques. 

Environmentally controlled facilities in the Center permit work with laboraton,' animals. 
Animals available for graduate research include: beef cattle, dair}' cattle, swine, horses, 
poultry, fish and "laboratory" species. While experiments with limited numbers of animals can 
be conducted on campus, those that require a large number of animals are conducted at one 
of three outlying farms. A cooperative agreement with the Agricultural Research Ser\ice at 
nearby Beltsville. Maryland (BARC) makes laboratory, animal and research personnel 
resources available for the graduate program. 

In addition to excellent library facilities on campus, the National Agricultural Library, the 
National Library^ of Medicine and the Library of Congress constitute the best library resources 
for graduate study available anywhere and are all located within 10 miles of campus. 

Financial Assistance 

A number of graduate assistantships are available and awarded to students who present 
strong academic records and a capability and motivation to perform well in teaching or in 
research assignments. 



96 Anthropology Program (ANTH) 



Additional Information 

For specific information on the Program, admission procedures, or financial aid, contact: 



Dr. J. H. Vandersall, Director ADVP 
Department of Animal Sciences 
University of Maryland 
College Park, MD 20742 
(301)405-1391 

For courses, see code ANSC. 



Anthropology Program (ANTH) 

Chair: Whitehead 

Professors: Agar, Chambers, Leone, Williams 
Associate Professors: Jackson, Whitehead 
Assistant Professors: Siedel, Stuart, Wali 
Lecturers: Kaljee, Little 

The Department of Anthropology offers graduate study leading to a Master of Applied 
Anthropology (MAA) degree. This is a professional program for students interested in an 
anthropology career outside academia. Core courses include preparation in cultural analysis 
and management. Students intern with an agency or organization suitable to their career 
interests. Specialization is flexible, permitting students to select from a variety of areas of 
career focus or to tailor course requirements to their special career requirements. 

Admission Information 

Students are required to submit Graduate Record Examination scores and fulfill the Graduate 
School admission requirements. 

Master's Degree Requirements 

The program requires 42 credit hours of coursework. All students must complete an 
internship. There is no thesis requirement. 

Facilities and Special Resources 

A Departmental computer lab, three teaching and research labs for physical anthropology and 
archeology, and a photographic darkroom are available for student use. 

Financial Assistance 

A limited number of teaching assistantships are available to qualified graduate students. 
Part-time employment related to Department research is occasionally available. 



Applied Mathematics Program (MAPL) 97 



Additional Information 

For additional information please contact: 

Dr. Erve Chambers, Graduate Director 
Department of Anthropology 
University of Maryland 
College Park, MD 20742 
(301)405-1423 

For courses, see code ANTH. 



Applied Mathematics Program (MAPL) 

Director: Cooper 

Professors: Assad. Ball, Boden, Gass, Golden, Katz (BMGT); Agrawala, Basili, Edmundson, 
Kanal, Minker, O'Leary, Stewart (CMSC); Almon, Betancourt, Kelejian, Prucha (ECON); 
Donaldson, Lee (ENAE); Sternberg (ENCE); Gentry, McAvoy (ENCH); Baras, Blankenship, 
DeClaris, Davisson, Ephremides, Harger, Krishnaprasad, Makowski, Mayergoyz, Newcomb, 
Ott, Taylor, Tits (ENEE); Yang (ENME); Dorfman, Kellogg, Olver, Yorke (IPST); Alexander, 
Antman, Benedetto, Berenstein, Cooper, Fitzpatrick, Freidlin, Greenberg, Hummel, Johnson, 
Kueker, Osbom, Sweet, Wolfe (MATH); Baer, Vemekar (METO); Banerjee, Brill, Das Sarma, 
Dragt, Einstein, Ferrell, Gates, Glick, Gluckstem, Greenberg, Griffin, Hu, Korenman, 
MacDonald, Misner, Prange, Redish, Sucher, Wallace, Woo (PHYS); Young (PUAF); Kedem, 
Mikulski, Slud, Yang (STAT) 

Associate Professors: Russek-Cohen (ANSC); Alt, Fromovitz, Widhelm (BMGT); Elman, 
Reggia (CMSC); Coughlin (ECON); Jones (ENAE); Garber, Schwartz (ENCE); Calabrese, 
Zafiriou (ENCH); Abed, Narayan, Shayman, Tretter (ENEE); Bernard, Shih, Walston (ENME); 
Glaz, Green, Grillakis, Jones, Maddocks, Pego, Sather, Schneider (MATH); Carton, Robock 
(METO); Five], Hassam, Kim, Wang (PHYS); Smith (STAT); Cohen (ZOOL) 
Assistant Professors: Fu (BMGT); Gasarch (CMSC); Mavrovouniotis (ENCH) 
Research Professor: Babuska (IPST) 

The interdisciplinary Applied Mathematics Program, which is affiliated with the Department 
of Mathematics, offers graduate study leading to the Master of Arts and Doctor of Philosophy 
degrees. These are awarded for graduate study and research in mathematics and its 
applications in the engineering, physical and social sciences. In addition, the Applied 
Mathematics Program offers certified minors in applied mathematics for graduate students not 
enrolled in the Program. 

The Department of Mathematics assumes the responsibility for the administration of the 
applied mathematics courses under the MAPL label. The Graduate Office of the Department 
also maintains the records of all students in the Applied Mathematics Program and handles 
cortespondence with those applying for admission. However, it is important that any 
application for admission indicates clearly whether a student wishes to enter the Mathematics 
(MATH) or the Applied Mathematics (MAPL) Program. 



98 Applied Mathematics Program (MAPL) 



The Applied Mathematics Program trains individuals who are able to enhance their 
understanding of a wide spectrum of scientific phenomena through the application of rigorous 
mathematical analysis. At least half of the required work is expected to be in courses with 
primarily mathematical content; the remaining courses must apply to a field outside of the 
usual mathematics curriculum. Graduate students currently pursue various areas of physics, 
information structures, meteorology, operations research, pattern recognition, structural 
mechanics, and systems and control theory. Many other areas of study are available through 
the participating departments. All students must include courses on numerical and scientific 
computing in their programs; the faculty includes a strong group of specialists in numerical 
analysis. 

Admission Information 

In addition to the Graduate School requirements, applicants with at least a B average (3.0 
on a 4.0 scale) should have completed an undergraduate program of study that includes a 
strong emphasis on rigorous mathematics, preferably through the level of advanced calculus 
and abstract algebra. Admission will be based on the applicant's capability to do graduate 
work in mathematics as demonstrated by the letters of recommendation, grades in coursework 
and program of study. In some circumstances, a provisional admission may be given to 
applicants whose mathematical training is not sufficiently advanced. Previous education in an 
application area, such as physics, one of the engineering disciplines or economics, and a basic 
competence in computational techniques will be favorably considered in a student's 
application, although this is not a prerequisite. 

When a student has decided upon an area of specialization, an advisory committee is 
appointed by the Program Director. This committee is responsible for formulating with the 
student a course of study that leads toward the degree sought. This course of study must 
constitute a unified, coherent program in an acceptable field of specialization of applied 
mathematics and must meet with the approval of the Graduate Committee for Applied 
Mathematics. 

The Applied Mathematics Program offers certified minors in applied mathematics to graduate 
students who are enrolled in other graduate degree programs at the University of Maryland. 
The successful completion of the requirements for such a minor will be recorded in the 
student's transcripts. A number of departments participating in the Applied Mathematics 
Program also permit the requirements of the certified minor to replace part of the degree 
requirements of the major department. A student who wishes to pursue a certified minor in 
applied mathematics must fill out an application form for participation in the Certified Minor 
Program. Such forms are available from the Office of the Director of the Applied 
Mathematics Program. Details on course requirements are contained in the policy brochure 
of the Applied Mathematics Program. 

Master's Degree Requirements 

For the master's degree, the Program offers a thesis and non-thesis option. In the thesis 
option, 24 credits of coursework are required with at least six more credits of thesis work. 
In the non-thesis option, 30 credits of coursework are required, and the student must pass a 
set of comprehensive examinations at the master's degree level. A scholarly paper is also 



Applied Mathematics Program 99 



required. In both options, the student must participate at least one semester in the Apphed 
Mathematics Seminar. 

Doctoral Degree Requirements 

For the Ph.D. degree, the student must take 36 credits of coursework and pass a set of 
comprehensive written examinations at the Ph.D. level. In addition, the student must pass the 
oral candidacy examination, which tests the student on advanced material to determine if he 
or she is prepared to do the research for a doctoral dissertation. At least 12 credits of 
dissertation work are required. The doctoral student must also participate at least two 
semesters in the applied mathematics seminar. 

All M.A. and Ph.D. students must take at least one semester of numerical analysis. Details 
on the level and distribution of coursework and examinations in mathematics and in the 
applications area are given in the policy brochure of the Applied Mathematics Program 
available at the Applied Mathematics Office. 

Facilities and Special Resources 

The Program is very active in research in a number of areas, strengthened further by a 
complement of mathematicians from the Institute for Physical Science and Technology, the 
School of Engineering, and the Departments of Mathematics, Physics and Computer Science. 
The Engineering and Physical Sciences Library is located on the ground floor of the 
Mathematics Building and contains more than 95,000 volumes in mathematics, physics and 
engineering, and more than 280 journals in pure and applied mathematics. The Library of 
Congress, with its extensive collection of books and technical reports, is only a half hour from 
the campus. 

Financial Assistance 

The Program offers teaching assistantships as the main source of support for graduate 
students in the Department of Mathematics. These assistantships carry a stipend plus 
remission of tuition of up to 12 hours each semester. Some research assistantships are also 
available through participating departments once a student has acquired advanced training. 

Additional Information 

For more specific information, contact: 

Director 

Applied Mathematics Program 
1104 Mathematics Building 
University of Maryland 
College Park, MD 20742 
(301) 405-5062 

For courses, see code MAPL. 



100 Architecture Program (ARCH) 



Architecture Program (ARCH) 

Dean: Hurtt 

Director: Sachs 

Professors: Bennett, Etlin, Hill, Hurtt, Lewis, Loss, Lu, Schlesinger, 

Schumacher, Steffian 

Associate Professors: Bechhoefer, DuPuy, Fogle, Vann 

Assistant Professors: Bell, Drost, Gardner, Kelly, Masters 

Lecturers: Mclnturff, Sachs, Wiedemann 

The School of Architecture offers a graduate program leading to the Master of Architecture 
degree. The School's objective is to provide professional education and training in architecture 
of the highest possible quality. Its program is organized around required courses in 
architectural and urban design, architectural history and theory, and architectural science and 
technology. Electives in architecture and related fields are available in a curriculum that is 
rigorous and challenging. The School is accredited by the National Architectural Accreditation 
Board and is a member of the Association of Collegiate Schools of Architecture assigned to 
the Northeastern Region. 

Admission Information 

Admission to the graduate program is competitive. In addition to the Graduate School 
requirements, candidates must submit the following: 1) three letters of recommendation from 
persons competent to judge the applicant's probable success in graduate architectural school; 
2) the Graduate Record Examination scores (not over five years old); and 3) evidence of 
creative ability in the form of a portfolio of drawings, photographs or other expressive media - 
details concerning format and content may be obtained from the School of Architecture. 

Three categories of students will be considered for admission: 1) students with a four-year 
bachelor's degree (architecture or equivalent major) from accredited architecture schools; 2) 
students who do not have a bachelor's degree in architecture from an accredited college or 
university but have successfully completed specified undergraduate prerequisites that are 
outlined by the School of Architecture; and 3) students with an accredited professional 
bachelor's or master's degree in architecture. Students are expected to enroll on a full-time 
basis. For complete information on curricula requirements for these categories, write to the 
School of Architecture. 

Master's Degree Requirements 

1. Students entering the program with a four-year bachelor's degree in architecture from an 
accredited college or university normally need two years of graduate study to complete the 
requirements for the professional Master of Architecture degree. The established cuniculum 
requires four semesters of academic work encompassing a total of 60 credits. Additional 
credits may be required depending upon the admissions committee's evaluation of the 
individual's academic and architectural experience. 

2. Students who enter the professional program without an architecture bachelor's degree will 
normally require seven semesters of design studio and other prerequisite courses. Students 



Architecture Program 101 



may be granted advanced standing if they have completed the appropriate prerequisites. 
Information on required courses and curriculum may be obtained from the School of 
Architecture. 

3. A special option leading to the Master of Architecture degree is available for those 
students who already possess a professional degree in architecture (B.Arch. or M.Arch.) from 
an accredited program. This option is designed to accommodate the needs of students who 
wish to do advanced work beyond that required for the professional degree. Applicants must 
specify in detail the nature of the proposed course of study for review and approval by the 
admissions committee prior to their admission. The School currently provides resources for 
advanced work in international studies in architecture, architectural history and preservation, 
and architectural technology. 

4. A program leading to a Master's Certificate in Historic Preservation is available to 
M.Arch. candidates. The course of study includes 24 credits and an approved thesis, which 
may satisfy requirements of both the Architecture and Preservation curricula. 

Facilities and Special Resources 

The School of Architecture is ideally located between Washington, D.C., and Baltimore and 
surrounded by a number of historic communities and a varied physical environment. The 
resulting opportunity for environmental design study is unsurpassed. The School's resources 
include a modem physical plant that provides design workstations for each student, a wood- 
working and model shop, an environmental testing laboratory, a computer-aided design facility 
and a darkroom. The School's library contains some 26,000 monographs and 6,000 current 
periodicals, making it one of the major architectural libraries in the nation. The National Trust 
Library for Historic Preservation, housed in the School, contains 11,000 volumes and 450 
periodical titles. The slide collection includes approximately 250,000 slides on architecture, 
landscape architecture, planning and technical subjects. The School also provides an 
opportunity for professional experience and service through its nonprofit Center for 
Architectural Design and Research and CADRE Corporation, whose mission is to broaden the 
educational experience of students through environmental design services directed by faculty 
members and rendered to a variety of clients. 

Students continue to participate in field archaeology. Projects in the past have taken place 
in Tunisia, Turkey, Jordan, Israel and Sri Lanka. The School is a sponsoring member of 
CAHEP (Caesarea Ancient Harbor Excavation Project) where qualified students participate in 
both land and underwater archaeology. Summer workshops for historic preservation are 
sponsored by the School in Cape May, NJ, a designated national historic landmark district, and 
Kiplin Hall, North Yorkshire, England. Students may earn credit doing hands-on restoration 
work and by attending lectures presented by visiting architects, preservationists and scholars. 

Financial Assistance 

The School of Architecture offers a limited and varying number of teaching and research 
assistantships, scholarships, fellowships and internships. Applicants should apply for financial 
assistance when submitting the application for admission. 



102 Art History and Archaeology Program (ARTH) 



Additional Information 

For more specific information on tiie program, contact: 

Graduate Director 
School of Architecture 
University of Maryland 
College Park, MD 20742-1411 
(301) 405-6284 

For courses, see code ARCH. 



Art History and Archaeology Program (ARTH) 

Chair: Farquhar 

Professors: Denny, Eyo, Farquhar, Hargrove, Miller, Rearick, Wheelock 

Associate Professors: Pressly, Spiro, Venit, Withers 

Assistant Professors: Colantuono, Kuo, Promey, Sandler 

Adjunct Professor: Kelly 

Visiting Professors: Beach, Bolan, Cort 

The Department of Art History and Archaeology offers graduate study leading to the Master 
of Arts and Doctor of Philosophy degrees. The Program is committed to the advanced study 
and scholarly interpretation of works of art from the prehistoric era to the present and is 
grounded in the concept of art as a humanistic experience. The faculty offer expertise in all 
phases of the history of Western art as well as the arts of Africa, Pre-Columbian America and 
East Asia. 

Admission Information 

For admission to the Master's program, students should have an undergraduate degree from 
an accredited college or university, or its equivalent. Although the applicant must demonstrate 
a general knowledge of art history, an undergraduate major in art history is not required. 
Students are required to submit the verbal and quantitative Graduate Record Examination 
scores for admission. 

Master's Degree Requirements 

For the master's degree, the student will: complete 30 credit hours at the 600 and 700 levels 
(12 of these credits must be seminars; 6 are for thesis research and one of the courses must 
be ARTH 692, Methods of Art History); maintain a grade of B or better in coursework; pass 
the departmental language examination in either French, German or a language appropriate to 
the area studied, such as Japanese; complete a thesis that demonstrates competency in research 
and in original investigation; and pass a final oral examination on the thesis and the field that 
it represents. 



Art History and Archaeology Program (ARTH) 103 



Doctoral Degree Requirements 

Requirements for the Doctor of Philosophy degree include 21 credit hours of courses taken 
at the 600 level or above with a grade of B or better; ARTH 692, Methods of Art History, if 
not previously taken; reading knowledge of both French and German or other languages 
appropriate to the area studied; oral and written qualifying examinations in the student's major 
and minor fields; a dissertation that demonstrates the student's capacity to perform independent 
research; and a final oral examination on the dissertation and the field it represents. The 
requirements listed above assume a student has entered the Ph.D. program having already 
earned an M. A. or equivalent degree. The Department also offers an alternative Ph.D. 
program that permits qualified students to pursue the doctorate without earning a M.A. degree. 
The requirements are similar to those above except fifteen courses (45 hours) distributed over 
at least five of the designated fields are required. Admission to the direct doctoral program 
is decided on a case by case basis. 

All applicants are encouraged, and those seeking financial assistance are required to submit 
their applications by February 1 for entrance in the Fall term. For Spring admission, 
applications must be completed by November 1. 

Facilities and Special Resources 

The Art Library houses approximately 70,000 volumes as well as a vast body of auxiliary 
material, including about a million sheets of microfiche. The Department's visual aids facility 
contains 175,000 slides and a constantly growing battery of video technology. The Art 
Gallery, which is also located in the Art/Sociology Building, maintains a lively and varied 
exhibition schedule and has a permanent collection of twentieth-century American paintings 
and prints and a study collection of African art. Graduate courses in museum studies are 
offered through the Gallery. For hands-on study of archaeological artifacts, the Department 
has the Lloyd and Jeanne Raport Collection of some 130 objects from ancient Egypt, Greece, 
Rome and Pre-Columbian America. 

At the University of Maryland Caesarea Project, which is an ongoing archaeological project 
at Caesarea Maritima, Israel, qualified graduate students may take part in the excavations, and 
work at this site may lead to M.A. or Ph.D. dissertations. Students may also be eligible to 
participate in the archaeological fieldwork of Professor Eyo in Nigeria or Professor Miller at 
ancient Mexican sites. 

The University of Maryland is located in the suburbs of Washington, D.C., and is 30 minutes 
from the National Gallery of Art and the National Gallery's Center for Advanced Study in the 
Visual Arts, the Corcoran Gallery, the Phillips Collection, the Hirshhom Museum and 
Sculpture Garden, the National Museum of American Art, the Museum of African Art, the 
Freer and Arthur M. Sackler Galleries, which are devoted to the art of East Asia, the National 
Museum of Women in the Arts and many other major art museums. The campus is a 40- 
minute drive from such Baltimore institutions as the Walters Art Gallery and the Baltimore 
Museum of Art. 

In addition to the University's library resources, graduate students have access to the Library 
of Congress, the Archives of American Art, the libraries of Dumbarton Oaks and other 



104 Art History and Archaeology Program (ARTH) 



research facilities. In order to enhance the student's curricular choices, the Department 
maintains an arrangement for course exchange with the Art History department of the Johns 
Hopkins University in Baltimore. To similar effect, the Department is a member of the 
Washington Area Art History Consortium, which unites the graduate art history departments 
of the greater Washington area. 

The Department organizes a variety of liaison activities with leading cultural institutions in 
the Washington-Baltimore area. The Middle Atlantic Symposium in the History of Art is 
sponsored jointly by the Department and the National Gallery of Art; this annual event 
provides the opportunity for advanced graduate students from universities in the Middle 
Atlantic region to present their research at a professional forum. 

Special seminars are frequently given by curators of such local collections as the National 
Gallery of Art, the Freer Gallery or the Department of Prints and Photographs at the Library 
of Congress. A program has been initiated whereby CASVA Fellows will meet with our 
students for informal colloquia. The department also co-sponsors international symposia such 
as Van Dyck 350 with the Center for Advanced Study in the Visual Arts and other local 
institutions. 

Financial Assistance 

Fellowships are awarded on the basis of merit by the College of Arts and Humanities and 
by the Graduate School. Several graduate assistantships are awarded by the Department. 
Also, four Museum Fellowships are awarded each semester by the Department of Art History 
for research at major museums in the Washington-Baltimore area. Approximately thirty 
graduate students are fully supported with stipends and tuition each semester. 

The Department's Frank Di Federico Fellowship, in memory of the late Professor Di 
Federico, is for work on the doctoral dissertation. In honor of its former chairman, the 
Department has established the George Levitine Art History Endowment, in support of 
research activities of graduate students as well as faculty. 

Additional Information 

For information on the Master of Education in Art Education, refer to the section of this 
catalog devoted to Secondary Education. A more detailed description of Departmental 
requirements for the above programs and other information may be obtained from: 

Graduate Secretary 

Department of Art History and Archaeology 

University of Maryland 

College Park, MD 20742 

(301) 405-1479 

For courses, see code ARTH. 



Art Program (ARTT) 1 05 



Art Program (ARTT) 

Chair: Morrison 

Professors: DeMonte, Driskell, Lapinski, Morrison 

Professor Emerita: Truitt 

Associate Professors: Craig, Forbes, Gelman, Kehoe, Klank, Niese, Pogue, 

Richardson 

Assistant Professors: Blotner, Humphrey, Ruppert 

The Department of Art offers a program of graduate study leading to the degree of Master 
of Fine Arts. The Art Department's Graduate Faculty consists of over 17 active professional 
artists specializing in the traditional studio areas of painting, sculpture, printmaking, drawing 
and photography. Additional interests are reflected in course offerings such as papermaking, 
environmental art and mixed media. 

Admission Information 

The Art Department requires an undergraduate degree with an art major from an accredited 
college or university, or its equivalent, for admission to the graduate program. 

Master's Degree Requirements 

The candidate should have a minimum of 30 credit hours of undergraduate work in studio 
courses and 12 credit hours in art history courses. Special Departmental requirements must 
also be met. Candidates for the Master of Fine Arts degree will be required to present an 
exhibition of their thesis work, write an abstract based on the thesis and present an oral 
defense of the thesis. 

Facilities and Special Resources 

Studio facilities are spacious and well-equipped. Painting students are able to work with oils, 
acrylic, watercolor, fresco and encaustic. An annual methods and materials course is of 
special interest. The sculpture area includes a woodshop, foundry, shops for welding, forging, 
stone and wood carving, and an environmental sculpture space. Printmakers can choose to 
work with intaglio, lithography, photo-etching, silkscreen or woodcuts. Drawing and 
papermaking facilities are also available as well as special project rooms. There is a complete 
darkroom for photography students. Each graduate student is provided with a studio and 
access to models and classroom facilities. Environmental works and sculptural installations 
may be built both indoors and outside on the grounds. 

There are two galleries and two libraries within the Art Department's building. The 
University of Maryland Art Gallery features national and international exhibitions as well as 
faculty and MFA thesis shows. The West Gallery provides student-organized exhibitions by 
and for undergraduate students and a space for social activities for both students and faculty 
members. The Art Library, which is shared by the Art and Art History Departments, provides 
both visual and literary reference volumes in addition to films and videos. The slide hbrary 
boasts a growing collection of reproductions of artworks from significant art movements. 



106 Astronomy Program (ASTR) 



Financial Assistance 

The Department offers seven teaching assistantships and the College offers two-year 
fellowships. A number of Graduate School Fellowships are also available. Applications should 
be submitted by February 1 for consideration for a graduate assistantship or fellowship. 

Additional Information 

For further information, contact: 

The Art Department 
University of Maryland 
College Park, MD 20742 
(301) 405-1442 

For courses, see code ARTT. 



Astronomy Program (ASTR) 

Acting Chair: A'Heam 

Professors: A'Heam, Bell, Blitz, Earl, Harrington, Heckman, Kundu, Papadopoulos, Rose, 

Trimble, Wentzel, Wilson 

Professors Emeriti: Erickson, Kerr 

Associate Professors: Matthews, Vogel, Zipoy 

Assistant Professor: Mundy 

Adjunct Professors: Hauser, Holt, Westerhout 

Associate Research Scientists: Goodrich, White 

Assistant Research Scientists: Gopalswamy, Kim 

The Department of Astronomy offers programs of study leading to the Master of Science and 
Doctor of Philosophy degrees. The M.S. program includes both a thesis and non-thesis option. 

A full schedule of courses in all fields of astronomy is offered including galactic astronomy, 
general astrophysics, solar system astrophysics, observational astronomy, celestial mechanics, 
solar physics, study of the interstellar medium, extragalactic astronomy and plasma 
astrophysics. Some areas in which the faculty focus their research efforts are comets, stellar 
atmospheres and spectra, solar radio astronomy, mm wavelength astronomy, the interstellar 
medium, active galaxies and plasma astrophysics. 

Admission Information 

No formal undergraduate course work in astronomy is required. However, an entering 
student should have a basic, working knowledge of the subject, which could be obtained from 
one of many elementary textbooks. A more advanced knowledge will of course enable a 
student to progress more rapidly during the first year of graduate work. A satisfactory score 
on the GRE Advanced Test in Physics is normally required before an applicant's admission 
to the Graduate School will be considered, but the Graduate Entrance Committee may waive 



Astronomy Program (ASTR) 1 07 



this requirement in special cases. Instead, the committee may set other conditions as a 
requirement for admission to be fulfilled either before admission or during the first year at 
Maryland. 

Master's Degree Requirements 

Candidates for the Master of Science Degree with thesis are required to complete 24 credits 
exclusive of registration for master's research. At least 12 of these credits must be in the major 
area and at least 12 must be at the 600 level (not necessarily the same 12). In addition, at 
least six credits must be in a related field (supporting area). 

The non-thesis option of the M.S. degree requires six credits in the major at the 600 level 
in addition to the general requirements described above. That is, a total of 30 credits are 
required of which 18 must be in the major and at least 18 at the 600 level. The student must 
also pass a written examination, usually consisting of the written part of the Ph.D. qualifying 
examination with appropriately chosen passing requirements. 

Doctoral Degree Requirements 

Students must take at least four and normally will take all of the following principal courses: 
ASTR 600, 605, 610, 620, 640 and 670. These courses are usually completed within the first 
two years of the Ph.D. program. Twelve credits of advanced physics courses are also 
required. Students will be aided at the end of the first year in choosing a suitable research 
project that is required during the second year. Students may qualify for the Ph.D. program 
based on their coursework and research project performance and on a written examination 
integrating the six principal courses. The examination is taken during the summer after the 
second year. 

Course requirements for the Ph.D. include six additional advanced astronomy courses and 
twelve credits of advanced physics. In addition, students must acquire some personal 
experience with modem observational methods and analysis, normally by accompanying a 
faculty member to a suitable observatory. All of the principal courses are required before 
advancement to candidacy. 

Facilities and Special Resources 

The Astronomy Program carries on an extensive research program in the areas discussed 
above with the graduate students playing an active role in this research. Approximately one- 
fourth of all research papers published have a graduate student as one of the authors. 

The University of Maryland has recently joined with the University of California at Berkeley 
and the University of Illinois in a project to expand and upgrade the radio observatory located 
at Hat Creek in California. When the initial stages of the project are completed in a few 
years, the new array will be the largest such instrument operating at mm wavelengths. This 
will be a major tool for the exploration of the interstellar medium. When the system is fully 
operational, it will be possible to do remote observing from the Maryland site. Data reduction 
will be possible "in house" because of a major expansion in the computer facilities in the 
Astronomy Program. 



108 Biochemistry Program (BCHM) 



The Program has strong interaction with national astronomy observatories, where many 
students and faculty maintain observing programs, and also with neighboring scientific 
institutes. A major program of cooperative research has been established with the Goddard 
Space Flight Center, where a number of graduate students conduct research. There are also 
contacts with the Naval Observatory, the Naval Research Lab and other government agencies. 

Financial Assistance 

The Astronomy Program offers both teaching and research assistantships. In 1990-91 there 
were 17 teaching assistants and 15 research assistants. Most students receive assistantships 
to cover the summer period. These are either with faculty in the Program or with staff 
members at the Goddard Space Flight Center. Some summer teaching assistantships are also 
available. The deadline for financial support applications is February 1 for assistantships and 
fellowships. 

Additional Information 

For more specific information, contact: 

Graduate Admissions Committee 

Department of Astronomy 

1205 Computer and Space Sciences Building 

University of Maryland 

College Park, MD 20742 

(301) 405-3001 

For courses, see code ASTR. 



Biochemistry Program (BCHM) 

Chair: Greer 

Professors: Armstrong, Dunaway-Mariano, Gerlt, Hansen, Munn, Ponnamperuma 

Professors Emeriti: Holmlund, Keeney, Veitch 

Associate Professor: Sampugna 

Assistant Professors: Julin, Woodson 

The Graduate Program in Biochemistry offers study leading to Master of Science and Doctor 
of Philosophy degrees. Research specialization at College Park is available in drug 
metabolism, enzyme mechanisms, bioorganic chemistry, lipid biochemistry, membrane 
structure and function, metabolic regulation, nucleic acid biochemistry, nutritional biochemistry 
and x-ray crystallography. 

Admission Information 

Admission to graduate study at the University of Maryland normally requires a minimum of 
a Bachelor of Science (B.S.), Bachelor of Arts (B.A.) or equivalent degree with a minimum 
of 30 semester or 40 quarter hours of chemistry, an overall grade point average greater than 



Biochemistry Program (BCHM) 1 09 



3.0 (on a scale where the average grade is 2.0), and 3 letters of reference indicating a potential 
for independent, creative scientific research. The study program in chemistry should have 
included at least 1 year of physical chemistry, 1 year of organic chemistry and 1 semester of 
inorganic chemistry, as well as laboratory courses in organic chemistry, physical chemistry and 
analytical chemistry. 

The general Graduate Record Examination (GRE) scores are required of all applicants. 
Applicants from non-English speaking countries must also present the results of the Test of 
English as a Foreign Language (TOEFL). 

The above requirements represent minimum requirements and the competition for available 
space may limit admissions to persons with credentials above these minimum requirements. 

Master's Degree Requirements 

The M.S. degree program offers both the thesis and non-thesis options. Before obtaining a 
degree in the program, a student must demonstrate adequate preparation in biochemistry and 
in analytical, organic and physical chemistry. Diagnostic examinations in these subjects are 
offered to students at the beginning of their first semester for this purpose. Students who 
perform unsatisfactorily on these examinations or who may not have had undergraduate 
preparation in one or more of these areas will be advised to register for appropriate courses. 
Information on coursework, comprehensive examinations and the research interests of the 
faculty is available for the guidance of degree candidates. 

Doctoral Degree Requirements 

Twenty-one course credit hours, with twelve credits of research, a seminar presentation, and 
a dissertation defense are required for the doctoral degree. Specific divisions may have 
additional requirements. 

Facilities and Special Resources 

In addition to well-equipped research laboratories, the following central facilities are 
available: animal colony, fermentation pilot plant, analytical uitracentrifuge, PDP-11 Silicon 
Graphics, and VAX computers; a state-of-the-art computer graphics facility, liquid scintillation 
counters, nuclear magnetic resonance and mass spectrometers, and a chemistry-biochemistry 
library. 

Financial Assistance 

Entering graduate students are normally supported on graduate teaching assistantships. 
Teaching assistants usually instruct undergraduate laboratory and recitation classes and receive 
in return a tuition waiver of ten credits each semester. 

Additional Information 

Information on requirements and research interests of the faculty may be obtained from: 



1 1 Botany Program (BOTN) 



Director of Graduate Studies 

Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry 

University of Maryland 

College Park, MD 20742 

(301) 405-7022 



For courses, see BCHM. 



Botany Program (BOTN) 

Chair: Teramura 

Professors: Bean, Gantt, Kantzes, Kennedy', Krusberg, Kung, Locka^d^ Patterson, Reveal, 

Steiner, Teramura 

Distinguished Professor: Diener 

Professors Emeriti: Brown, Sisler, Sorokin 

Associate Professors: Bamett, Bottino, Cooke, Forseth, Grybauskas, Hutcheson, Motta, 

Racusen, Sze, Wolniak 

Assistant Professors: Dudash, Fenster, Rumpho, Straney, Watson 

Adjunct Professor: Cohen 

Adjunct Associate Professor: Herman 

Affiliate Associate Professor: Inouye 



'Joint appointment with Horticulture 

"Joint appointment with Secondary Education 



The Department of Botany offers graduate programs leading to the Master of Science and 
Doctor of Philosophy degrees. In consultation with faculty advisers, students develop course 
programs and research problems according to their individual intellectual and professional 
needs. The Program's objective is to equip the student with the background and techniques 
for a career in plant biology in academic, governmental, industrial or private laboratories. 

Areas of specialization in plant biology include biochemistry, cell biology, developmental 
biology, ecology, evolution, genetics and molecular biology, host-pathogen interactions, 
mycology, nematology, pathology, physiology, systematics and virology. 

A wide range of job opportunities are available for M.S. and Ph.D. degree holders in botany. 
A high percentage of our graduates currently fmd appropriate positions within a short time of 
graduation. 

Admission Information 

Applicants should have a general science background including two semesters each of: 
calculus, physics, inorganic chemistry, and organic chemistry. Required are a bachelor's or 
a master's degree with a background including many of the following courses: introductory 
biology, genetics, ecology, physiology, plant systematics, cell biology, plant anatomy, and 
molecular biology. The Graduate Record Examination should be taken before applying for 
admission. Letters of recommendation from three persons competent to judge the probability 



Botany Program (BOTN) 1 1 1 



of the applicant's success in graduate school should be submitted, along with a statement of 
purpose, and official transcripts from all colleges and universities attended. Generally, 
applicants should have an overall minimum GPA of B (3.0). Application for part-time status 
is not encouraged. 

Master's Degree Requirements 

The minimum Graduate School requirements for a master's degree govern the Program, but 
a high degree of intellectual excellence is of greater consequence than the completion of a 
particular curriculum at the undergraduate level. While the degree requirements are flexible, 
they involve a demonstration of competence in the broad field of botany, as well as the 
completion of courses in other disciplines that support modem competence in this field. A 
foreign language is required only if it is deemed essential by the student's advisory committee. 

Doctoral Degree Requirements 

The Ph.D. program requires a preliminary oral examination, and a written dissertation of a 
well conceived experimental research project. The dissertation has to be presented to a 
graduate faculty committee and be orally defended by the candidate. The candidate is also 
required to make a presentation of the research findings in a Departmental seminar. 

Facilities and Special Resources 

The Department's laboratories are equipped to investigate most phases of botanical and 
molecular biological research. Students will have access to a transmission microscope, low- 
speed centrifuges, ultracentrifuges, liquid and gas chromatography, spectral radiometers, 
ultramicrotomes, gas analysers, spectro-photometers, scintillation counters, and environmentally 
controlled growth chambers. Field and greenhouse facilities are available for research, as well 
as a herbarium, biochemistry preparation rooms, dark rooms, cold rooms, and special culture 
facilities. 

Financial Assistance 

Financial assistance is available in the form of competitive fellowships, and graduate 
assistantships for teaching and research. 

Additional Information 

The Department has a special brochure available on request. For specific information on 
Departmental programs, admission procedures or financial aid, contact: 

Director of Graduate Studies 
Department of Botany 
University of Maryland 
College Park, MD 20742 
(301) 405-1649 

For courses, see code BOTN. 



112 Business and Management Program (BMGT) 



Business and Management Program (BMGT) 

Dean: Lamone 

Associate Deans: Bradford, Stocker 

Assistant Dean: Mattingly 

Director of Doctoral Program: Sims 

Director of MBA and M.S. Programs: Wellman 

Assistant Director of MBA and M.S. Programs: Weintraub 

Chairs: Corsi, Durand, Golden, Hevner, Kolodny, Locke, S. Loeb 

Professors: Assad, Ball, Bartol, Bodin, Bradford, Carroll, Chen, Corsi, Durand, Gannon, 

Gass, Golden, Gordon, Greer, Haslem, Jolson, Kolodny, Kotz, Lamone, Leete, Levine, Locke, 

S. Loeb, Preston, Senbet, Simon, Sims, Yao 

Professors Emeriti: Taff, Wright 

Associate Professors: Alavi, Alt, Bedingfield, Biehal, Chang, Eun, Fromovitz, Grimm, Gupta, 

Hevner, Krapfel, M. Loeb, Nickels, Olian, Smith, Taylor, Widhelm 

Assistant Professors: Ali, Dresner, Fu, Grimshaw, Jang, KaKu, Kandelin, LeClere, Leficoff- 

Hagius, Madan, Main, Ostas, Pichler, Raschid, Scheraga, Scott, Sengupta, Seshadri, Stevens, 

Stockdale, Thompson, Unal, Wally, Windle, Wong 

Affiliate Professor: Masi 

Affiliate Assistant Professor: Mattingly 

The College of Business and Management offers graduate study leading to the degrees of 
Master of Business Administration (MBA), Master of Science in Business and Management 
(M.S.), and Doctor of Philosophy (Ph.D.). The College's MBA program is accredited 
nationally by the American Assembly of Collegiate Schools of Business. Only about 30 
percent of the more than 1,000 graduate programs in the country are accredited by the 
AACSB, a reflection of the quality of faculty, students, curriculum, and facilities. 

Areas of faculty specialization include accounting, entrepreneurship, finance, management 
science and statistics, information systems, international business, marketing, management and 
organization, transportation, and business and public policy. 

Admission Information 

Admission criteria for the MBA, M.S. and Ph.D. programs are based on: (1) quality of 
undergraduate and graduate coursework; (2) score on the Graduate Management Admission 
Test (GMAT); (3) two letters of recommendation; (4) other relevant information and 
professional experience; and (5) written essays of objectives. Prospective applicants should 
contact the program at (301) 405-2278 for master's degree application materials and (301) 
405-2213 for the Ph.D. program. 

MBA Degree Requirements 

The College of Business and Management offers an MBA program designed to provide the 
educational foundation for those students with the potential to exhibit the highest degree of 
excellence in future careers as professional managers. The MBA program requires 54 credits 
of coursework (18 courses of which five are electives), which is normally four semesters for 
a full-time student. There is no thesis requirement. Successful students in the program are 



Business and Management Program (BMGT) 113 



expected to demonstrate the following: ( 1 ) a thorough and integrated knowledge of the basic 
tools, concepts and theories relating to professional management; (2) behavioral and analytical 
skills necessary to deal creatively and effectively with organizations and management 
problems; (3) an understanding of the economic, political, technological and social 
environments in which organizations operate; (4) a sense of professional and personal integrity 
and social responsibility in the conduct of managerial affairs both internal and external to the 
organization. 

Program prerequisites include a bachelor's degree, successful completion of a college-level 
calculus course and facility with the microcomputer. About one-half of the students enrolled 
are full-time; these students take 15 credits during each semester of the first year and 12 
credits each semester of their second year. Part-time students take six credits each regular 
semester and during the summer. Most courses for part-time students are at night. Students 
whose cumulative grade point average falls below 3.0 will be placed on probation and will be 
given a specified amount of time to raise the average to a 3.0. Failure to do so will result in 
academic dismissal from the program. 

Maryland MBA graduates obtain employment in a wide spectrum of organizations, at highly 
competitive starting salaries. 

Master's Degree Requirements 

The College offers an M.S. program for students wishing to concentrate in 
Accounting/Information Systems, Information Systems, Operations Research or Statistics. The 
Program is designed for students with strong quantitative skills who desire a more technical 
management education. Students typically come to the program with undergraduate majors 
in business, engineering, sciences, information and computer systems, mathematics or 
economics. Prerequisites include calculus and a high-level computer language. Additional 
prerequisites in business and management fundamental courses are determined by the student's 
background. Depending on the concentration selected, the program calls for either 30 or 33 
credit hours beyond the prerequisites. A thesis option is offered that may represent six credits 
in the area of concentration. Program progress and admission standards described above for 
the MBA program are also applicable to the M.S. program. 

Doctoral Degree Requirements 

The Ph.D. program is designed to produce outstanding scholars in management-related 
disciplines. Thus, a strong research philosophy pervades the entire program. Only full-time 
students are admitted. The low student-to-faculty ratio fosters a high degree of interaction 
between faculty and students on research projects of mutual interest, frequently culminating 
in journal articles. Students whose career aspirations are congruent with the program's 
research orientation can look forward to a learning experience that is not only demanding but 
also stimulating and enriching. Recent graduates are employed at the following academic 
institutions: Boston College, Columbia University, Georgia Tech, Houston, Penn State, 
Syracuse, Texas A & M, Vanderbilt University, the University of Texas and the University 
of Washington. 



114 Business and Management Program (BMGT) 



All Ph.D. students are provisionally admitted and must achieve a 3.25 GPA in each of their 
first two semesters. Failure to do so results in being placed on probation for one semester. 
The student will then be dismissed unless a 3.25 overall GPA is obtained. Ph.D. course 
requirements depend on the amount of relevant prior study. Preparation in calculus is required 
for admission. 

The Ph.D. student may select a single major (18 credits), one minor (12 credits) and a set 
of research tools courses (12 credits). Major areas of concentration may be chosen from 
among such fields as accounting, finance, human resource management, information systems, 
management science and statistics, marketing, organizational behavior, management strategy 
and policy, and transportation and physical distribution. 

Minors and second majors may include areas inside or outside the College of Business and 
Management. Typical outside minors include computer science, economics, engineering, 
government and poUtics, mathematics, psychology and sociology. 

Students are required to take written comprehensive examinations in the major area and the 
minor or research tools subject area. After all coursework and written exams have been 
successfully completed, each student must pass a comprehensive oral examination. Having 
passed the oral exam, the student is advanced to candidacy. 

Each Ph.D. candidate prepares a formal dissertation proposal and defends it at an open 
meeting of faculty and students. The proposal should clearly indicate how the dissertation will 
make a contribution to the literature of the field. Every doctoral student must register for a 
minimum of 12 dissertation research credits during the program. 

MBA/JD Joint Program 

The College of Business and Management and the School of Law of the University of 
Maryland at Baltimore offer a joint program of studies leading to MBA and JD degrees. 
Under the terms of the joint program, a student may earn both degrees in four academic years. 
The accelerated program is possible because some courses can be credited toward both 
degrees. Candidates must apply for admission to the Law School at Baltimore as well as to 
the Graduate School at College Park and must be admitted to both programs. 

Under the joint program 75 credits in law school coupled with 39 credits in business courses 
are required for graduation. Fifteen credits of law will be substituted for MBA elective 
coursework. Grade point averages in each program will be computed separately and students 
must maintain minimum standards in each school to continue in the program. The Graduate 
School will not accept transfer credit from coursework taken outside the joint program. A 
student must complete both programs satisfactorily in order to receive both degrees. The 
MBA and the JD degrees must be awarded simultaneously. A student whose enrollment is 
ter-minated in one program may elect to complete work for the degree in which he or she 
remains enrolled, but such completion must be upon the same conditions as required of regular 
(nonjoint program) degree candidates. Student programs must be approved by the law school 
adviser for the joint program and the MBA Program Director. For further discussion of 
admission and degree requirements, students should see the above and consult the entry in the 
University of Maryland School of Law catalog. 



Business and Management Program (BMGT) 115 



MBA/MPM Joint Program 

The College of Business and Management and the School of Public Affairs offer a joint 
program of studies leading to the MBA and MPM degrees. Under the terms of the joint 
program, a student may earn both degrees in approximately five to six semesters. The 
accelerated program is possible because some courses can be credited toward both degrees. 
Candidates must be admitted to both programs. 

Under the joint program, 66 credits are required for graduation, split about equally between 
the programs. Grade point averages in each program will be computed separately and students 
must maintain minimum standards in each school to continue in the program. A student must 
complete both programs satisfactorily in order to receive both degrees. A student whose 
enrollment in either program is terminated may elect to complete work for the degree in which 
he or she remains enrolled, but such completion must be upon the same conditions as required 
of regular (nonjoint program) degree candidates. 

Student programs must be approved by the Associate Dean of the School of Public Affairs 
and the MBA Program Director. For further discussion of admission and degree requirements, 
students should see the general admission requirements for each program. 

Facilities and Special Resources 

The College faculty has been recruited from the graduate programs of leading universities 
in the nation. They are dedicated scholars, teachers and professional leaders with a strong 
commitment to academic excellence and the education of the professional manager and 
researcher. 

Special programs offered by the College include courses in entrepreneurship through the 
Michael D. Dingman Center for Entrepreneurship and an MBA practicum course, BMGT 791, 
in which students research a problem of significant management concern in a participating firm 
or agency. Through graduate program requirements and faculty research activities, students 
gain exposure to private enterprise, to the public sector and to the vast education, research, 
library and cultural resources of Washington, D.C. 

Students also have access to the exceptional academic and professional resources of the 
College Park campus including excellent library and computer facilities. A remote computer 
terminal and on-line teletype facilities are located in the building. 

Financial Assistance 

Financial aid is available to qualified students in the form of fellowships, graduate 
assistantships, work-study, scholarships, and for Ph.D. students, instructorships. 

Additional Information 

The College has available brochures that give specific degree requirements for the MBA and 
Ph.D. programs. Initial inquiries should be directed to: 



116 Chemical Engineering Program (ENCH) 



Director of the Masters Programs Director of the Doctoral Program College of 

Business & Management College of Business & Management 

University of Maryland University of Maryland 

College Park, MD 20742 College Park. MD 20742 

(301)405-2278 (301)405-2214 

For courses, see codes BMBA, BMSB, BPHD. 

Chemical Engineering Program (ENCH) 

Acting Chair: McAvoy 

Professors: Gentry, McAvoy, Regan, Sengers', Smith, Weigand 
Associate Professors: Calabrese, Choi. Gasner, Zafiriou" 
Assistant Professors: Bentlev", Mavrovouniotis", Payne, Wang 

'Joint appointment with Institute for Physical Science and Technology, UMCP 

"Joint appointment with Systems Research Center, UMCP 

^Joint appointment with the Center for Agricultural Biotechnology. MBI 

The program director, an adviser and the smdent form an individual plan of graduate study 
compatible with the student's interest and background. The general chemical engineering 
program is focused on four major areas: applied polymer science, biochemical engineering, 
transport phenomena and process systems. 

Admission Information 

The programs leading to the Master of Arts and Doctor of Philosophy degrees are open to 
qualified students holding the Bachelor of Science degree. Admission may be granted to 
students with degrees in engineering and science areas from accredited programs, and it may 
be necessary in some cases to require courses to fulfill this background. The general 
regulations of the Graduate School apply in reviewing applications. 

Master's Degree Requirements 

The M.S. program offers both a thesis and non-thesis option. All students seeking graduate 
degrees in Chemical Engineering must enroll in ENCH 610, 620, 630, and 640 if they have 
not completed equivalent courses. In addition to Graduate School regulations, special degree 
requirements are included in Departmental publications. 

Doctoral Degree Requirements 

In addition to Graduate School regulations, special degree requirements include a written 
Ph.D. qualifying examination and an oral presentation of a research proposal covering the 
Ph.D. dissertation. 



Chemical Physics Program (CHPH) 117 



Facilities and Special Resources 

A number of special facilities are available for graduate study and research and are 
coordinated through the Polymer Reaction Engineering Laboratory, the Chemical Process 
Systems Laboratory, the Laboratory for Biochemical Engineering and the Biochemical Reactor 
Scale Up Facility. These laboratories contain advanced digital process control computers, AI 
computers, polymer processing equipment and polymerization reactors, polymer 
characterization instrumentation, a laser anemometry facility, and an aerosol characterization 
facility. 

Financial Assistance 

Fellowships, as well as research and teaching assistantships, are available on a limited basis 
for qualified graduate students. 

Additional Information 

For more specific information on the program, contact: 

Chairman 

Chemical Engineering Department 

21 13 Chemical and Nuclear Engineering Building 

University of Maryland 

College Park, MD 20742-2111 

(301)405-1935 

For courses, see code ENCH. 



Chemical Physics Program (CHPH) 

Director: Mcllrath 

Professors: Alexander, Greer, Khanna, Mignerey, Miller, Moore. Tossell, Weiner (CHEM); 

Gentry (ENCH); Davis, Hochuli, Lee (ENEE); Gupta (ENME); Coplan, Dorfman, Ginter, 

Mcllrath, Sengers, Wilkerson (IPST); Kirkpatrick, Williams (IPST/PHYS); EUingson, Hudson 

(METO); Das-Sarma, Einstein, Ferrell, Lynn (PHYS) 

Associate Professors: Calabrese (ENCH); Dagenais (ENEE); Radermacher (ENME); 

Gammon, Hill (IPST); Thirumalai (IPST/CHEM); Dickerson (METO) 

Assistant Professors: Reutt-Robey (CHEM); Herold (ENME); Milchberg (IPST/ENEE) 

Adjunct Professor: Nossal (IPST/NIH) 

The Chemical Physics Program offers graduate study leading to both the Master of Science 
and Doctor of Philosophy degrees for students who wish to establish a professional career in 
which a knowledge of both physics and chemistry is needed. Students can concentrate their 
studies in chemistry, physics, chemical engineering, electrical engineering, mechanical 
engineering or meteorology. 



118 Chemical Physics Program (CHPH) 



The Chemical Physics Program is under the joint sponsorship of the Institute for Physical 
Science and Technology and six academic departments: Chemistry, Physics, Electrical 
Engineering, Chemical Engineering, Mechanical Engineering and Meteorology. The Chemical 
Physics Committee oversees the program and is made up of representatives from the 
sponsoring units with the program director as its chair. The Chemical Physics Program Office 
administers the program and is affiliated with the Institute for Physical Science and 
Technology. A booklet describing Chemical Physics at Maryland (College Park) can be 
obtained from the Chemical Physics office upon request. 

Faculty research covers a diversity of disciplines such as atmospheric chemistry, biophysics, 
fluctuation phenomena, intermolecular energy transfer, laser spectroscopy, molecular dynamics, 
optical physics, particle scattering, phase transitions, properties of fluids, statistical mechanics, 
surface science, and thermodynamic cycles. Access to national research laboratories in the 
Washington metropolitan area is made possible through joint research programs between these 
laboratories and the Chemical Physics faculty. Cooperative graduate programs have been 
established between these laboratories and Biophysics, jointly sponsored by the University of 
Maryland and the National Institute of Health, and Atomic, Molecular and Optical Science, 
jointly sponsored by the University of Maryland and the National Institute of Standards and 
Technology. 

Admission Information 

The program is designed to be suitable for students with undergraduate degrees in chemistry 
or physics or in related disciplines with strong chemistry and/or physics content. 

Master's Degree Requirements 

Admission to the program is generally limited to students expecting to pursue a Ph.D. 
degree. The M.S. degree can be earned as a non-thesis degree while working towards the 
Ph.D. degree. In order to earn a master's degree in Chemical Physics with a non-thesis 
option, a student must complete 30 credit hours, including Chemistry 684 or ENCH 610, 
Chemistry 687, Chemistry 691, Physics 604, Physics 622, Physics 623, and a graduate 
laboratory. The student must also complete at least one credit of statistical physics seminar 
and one of chemical physics/physical chemistry seminar. The Ph.D. qualifying examination 
must be passed at the Master's Degree level, and a scholarly paper submitted and approved 
by the student's faculty advisor and one other reader appointed by the Director of the 
Chemical Physics Program. 

Doctoral Degree Requirements 

The Ph.D. program requires: (1) a written qualifying examination, normally taken at the 
beginning of the second year; (2) attendance at 80% of the weekly seminars in statistical 
physics and chemical physics/physical chemistry until thesis work has begun after passing the 
qualifying examination; (3) a graduate laboratory; (4) one of four advanced courses (PHYS 
606, PHYS 704, PHYS 798-A or CHPH 611); (5) a short scholarly report in the area of 
intended thesis research; and (6) a dissertation. Students must also satisfy all general 
requirements of the Graduate School. 



Chemistry Program (CHEM) 1 1 9 



Facilities and Special Resources 

The Program has a fully equipped student shop and extensive modem computing facilities. 
In addition, there is a wide array of state-of-the-art equipment associated with the various 
research groups in the Program including a scanning tunneling microscope, high resolution 
spectrographs, ultra-short high power lasers, an e-2e electron scattering apparatus and a fully 
equipped light-scattering laboratory. 

Financial Assistance 

Teaching and research assistantships are available for qualified students, as well as general 
University fellowships in Biophysics and Atomic, Molecular and Optical Science. 

Additional Information 

Requests for further information concerning the Chemical Physics Program can be obtained 
by writing to: 

Professor T. J. Mcllrath, Director 
Chemical Physics Program (I.P.S.T.) 
I.P.S.T. Building. Rm. 1115 
University of Maryland 
College Park, MD 20742 
(301)^405-4780 

For courses, see code CHPH. 



Chemistry Program (CHEM) 

Chair: Greer 

Professors: Alexander, Ammon, Armstrong, Bellama, DeShong, Dunaway-Mariano, Freeman, 

Gerlt. Greer, Grim. Hansen. Helz. Huheey, Jarvis, Khanna. Kozarich, Mariano, Mazzocchi, 

Mignerey, G. Miller, Moore, Munn, O" Haver, Ponnamperuma, Stewart, Tossell, Walters, 

Weeks, Weiner 

Professors Emeriti: Henery-Logan. Holmlund, Keeney, Pratt, Rollinson, Stuntz, Svirbely, 

Vanderslice, Veitch 

Associate Professors: Boyd, DeVoe, Hemdon, Kasler, Murphy, Ondov, Sampugna, 

Thirumalai 

Assistant Professors: Eichhom, Falvey, Julin, C. Miller, Poli, Reutt-Robey 

The Chemistry Department offers graduate study leading to the Master of Science or the 
Doctor of Philosophy degrees with specialization in the fields of analytical chemistry, 
biochemistry, bioorganic chemistry, bioinorganic chemistry, chemical physics (in cooperation 
with the Institute of Physical Sciences & Technology and the Department of Physics), 
environmental chemistry, inorganic chemistry, nuclear chemistry, organic chemistry and 
physical chemistry. The graduate program in biochemistry is described separately in this 
catalog. 



120 Chemistry Program (CHEM) 



Admission Information 

Admission to graduate study at the University of Maryland normally requires a minimum of 
a Bachelor of Science (B.S.), Bachelor of Arts (B.A.) or equivalent degree with a minimum 
of 30 semester or 40 quarter hours of chemistry, an overall grade point average greater than 
3.0 (on a scale where the average grade is 2.0), and 3 letters of reference indicating a potential 
for independent, creative scientific research. The study program in chemistry should have 
included at least 1 year of physical chemistry, 1 year of organic chemistry and 1 semester of 
inorganic chemistry, as well as laboratory courses in organic chemistry, physical chemistry and 
analytical chemistry. 

The general Graduate Record Examination (GRE) scores are required of all applicants. 
Applicants from non-English speaking countries must also present the results of the Test of 
English as a Foreign Language (TOEFL). 

The above requirements represent minimum requirements and the competition for available 
space may limit admissions to persons with credentials above these minimum requirements. 

Master's Degree Requirements 

The M.S. degree program offers both the thesis and non-thesis option. Copies of regulations 
concerning diagnostic examinations, comprehensive examinations and other matters pertaining 
to coursework are available from the Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry. 

Doctoral Degree Requirements 

Twenty-one course credit hours, with twelve credits of research, a seminar presentation, and 
a dissertation defense are required for the doctoral degree. Specific divisions may have 
additional requirements. 

Facilities and Special Resources 

The Department has many special research facilities to support research in the fields listed 
above. Facilities include "clean" rooms for lunar and environ-mental sample analysis. X-ray 
crystallographic instrumentation, two mass spectrometers, eight NMR spectrometers including 
60, 90, 200, 400 and 500 MHz Fourier-transform NMR spectrometers, ESCA spectrometers, 
ultracentrifuges, analytical optical spectrometers, a VAX network and state-of-the-art computer 
graphics facilities. 

Departmental research is supported on two computers in the Computer Science Building, a 
UNI VAC 1100/92 and an IBM 3081, both of which are accessible by remote time-sharing 
terminals. The Department has an excellent glassblowing shop, a student-faculty machine shop 
and access to other campus machine shops. The Chemistry Library has an extensive collection 
in chemistry, biochemistry and other fields. Computer terminals are located in the Chemistry 
Library for literature searching. A Macintosh workstation facility (25 units) is available in the 
Department for student/faculty use. 



Civil Engineering Program (ENCE) 121 



Financial Assistance 

Entering graduate students are normally supported on graduate teaching assistantships. 
Teaching assistants usually instruct undergraduate laboratory and recitation classes and receive 
in return a tuition waiver of ten credits each semester. 

Additional Information 

A Department brochure describes the graduate program and the research interests of the 
faculty. For a copy of the brochure, or for specific information on graduate programs in 
chemistry, admissions procedures or financial aid. contact: 

Director of Graduate Studies 

Department of Chemistn,' and Biochemistry 

University of Mar\land 

College Park, MD 20742 

(301) 405-7022 

For courses, see CHEM. 



Civil Engineering Program (ENCE) 

Chair: Colville 

Professors: Aggour. Albrechl. Birkner, Carter. Colville, Maloney. McCuen, Ragan, Schelling, 

Sternberg, Vannoy, Witczak. Wolde-Tinsae 

Associate Professors: Ayyub. P. Chang. Garber. Goodings. Hao. Schonfeld. 

Schwartz 

Assistant Professors: Austin. G. Chang, Davis. Flood. Haghani, Johnson, Kartam 

The Department of Civil Engineering offers graduate courses leading to the Master of 
Science and Doctor of Philosophy degrees. All programs are planned on an individual basis 
by the student and an adviser taking into consideration the student's background and special 
interests. Areas of concentration at both the master's and doctoral levels include: 
transportation and urban systems, environmental and water resources engineering, structural 
engineering, geotechnical engineering, and construction engineering and management. 

Admission Information 

Applicants for admission should hold a B.S. degree in civil engineering. However, 
applicants with undergraduate degrees in other disciplines may be accepted with the stipulation 
that deficiencies in prerequisite undergraduate course work be corrected before enrolling in 
graduate courses. There are no entrance examinations required for the program. 

Master's Degree Requirements 

The M.S. degree program offers both a thesis and non-thesis option. The Department's 
policies and requirements are the same as those of the Graduate School. 



1 22 Classics Program (CLAS) 



Doctoral Degree Requirements 

The requirements for the Ph.D. degree are also the same as those of the Graduate School. 
The student will work closely with an adviser to develop an approved program of study suited 
to his or her individual needs. Before admission to candidacy, the student must pass a 
qualifying examination, which is normally taken after the coursework is at least 75 percent 
completed. There is no language requirement for the Ph.D. 

Facilities and Special Resources 

Departmental research facilities include laboratories in the following areas: transportation, 
systems analysis, environmental engineering, hydraulics, remote sensing, structures and soil 
mechanics. Computer facilities include the Computer Science Center's Unisys 1100/92 and 
IBM 3081 computers complemented by remote terminals and mini- and micro-computer 
systems located within the department, and a joint Civil Engineering/Mechanical Engineering 
CAD Laboratory. 

The Washington and Baltimore metropolitan areas are easily accessible for data, field studies, 
library access, contacts with national organizations and attendance at national meetings. The 
location of the University of Maryland offers a unique opportunity to obtain an advanced 
degree in civil engineering. 

Financial Assistance 

Research assistantships are available from individual faculty members. Only a limited 
number of teaching assistantships are available. Part-time work as grading assistants is 
available as well. 

Additional Information 

Chair 

Department of Civil Engineering 
Engineering Classroom Building 
University of Maryland 
College Park, MD 20742 
(301) 405-1980 

For courses, see code ENCE. 



Classics Program (CLAS) 

Acting Chair: Duffy 

Associate Professors: Duffy, Hallett, Lee, Staley 

Assistant Professors: Doherty, Stehle 

The Department of Classics offers a graduate program of study with specializations in Latin 
or Latin and Greek, leading to the Master of Arts degree. The program provides students with 



Classics Program (CLAS) 1 23 



advanced study of the Latin and/or Greek languages and literatures in the context of a broader 
and deeper knowledge and understanding of Greek and Roman culture and civilization. In 
addition to advanced courses in language, each student will be required to take coursework in 
related disciplines outside of the Classics Department. Some individual programs may require 
more than 30 hours. Students may choose one of two tracks toward the degree: Latin or 
Latin and Greek. 

Admission Information 

In addition to the general requirements for admission established by the Graduate School (a 
minimum GPA of 3.0, etc.), applicants must demonstrate a proficiency in translating the 
ancient language(s) at the advanced undergraduate level. 

Master's Degree Requirements 

The Latin program requires a minimum of 30 hours of approved coursework, including six 
credits of thesis research. Twelve of these credits must come from at least 600-level Latin 
courses; six credits must be from period courses LATN 620-630. Two 600-level or higher 
Latin courses may be substituted for the thesis with permission. An independent research 
project may also be an acceptable alternative for the thesis. Six of the 30 hours at the 400- 
level or above must be in aspects of classical civilization offered in archaeology, art, history, 
linguistics, philosophy, romance philology or in approved allied fields. 

The Latin and Greek Program requires a minimum of 33 hours of approved coursework, 
including six credit hours of thesis research. Nine hours of coursework in one language and 
three in the other must be at the 600-level or higher. Two courses in the languages at the 600- 
level or higher may be substituted for the thesis with permission. An independent research 
project may also be an acceptable alternative for the thesis. Six of the 33 hours at the 400- 
level or above must be in aspects of classical civilization through courses offered in 
archaeology, art, history, linguistics, philosophy, romance philology or in approved allied 
fields. 

Facilities and Special Resources 

The Balitmore-Washington, D.C., area boasts of several outstanding classical libraries. 
Located in Washington, D.C., are the Center of Hellenic Studies, the Byzantine Library of 
Dumbarton Oaks, and the Library of Congress. Students may also use the Eisenhower Library 
on the campus of Johns Hopkins University in Baltimore. 

Financial Assistance 

Fellowships are available for outstanding applicants through university-wide competition. 
Teaching assistantships may be available; please consult the Department. 

Additional Information 

For more specific information on the program, please call or write: 



1 24 Comparative Literature Program (CMLT) 



Department of Classics 
Jimenez Hall 
University of Maryland 
College Park, MD 20742 
(301) 405-2013 

For courses, see codes CLAS, GREK, and LATN. 



Comparative Literature Program (CMLT) 

Acting Director: Lanser 

Professors: Fuegi, Lifton 

Associate Professor: Peterson 

Affiliate Professors: Agar, Alford, Beck, Beichen, Berlin, R. Brown, Chambers, Cross, 

Diner, Fink, Gillespie, Handelman, Hemdon, Holton, Kauffman, Kelly, Kolker, Pearson, 

Robertson, Therrien, Trousdale 

Affiliate Associate Professors: Auchard, Barry, Bedos-Rezak, Bilik, Bolles, Brami, J. Brown, 

Caramello, Caughey, Coogan, Cottenet-Hage, Diner, Donawerth, Duffy, Fink, Flieger, 

Fredericksen, Glad, Grossman, Hallett, Hammond, Handelman, Igel, Kerkham, Klumpp, 

Lanser, Leinwand, Levinson, Mossman, Norman, Phaf, Russell, Strauch 

Affiliate Assistant Professors: Butler, Doherty, Falvo, Flynn, Greene-Gantzberg, King, 

Marchetti, Rabasa, Ray, Richter, Stehle, Wang, Yee 

Affiliate Instructors: Gilcher, Robinson 

The Comparative Literature Program offers graduate study leading to the Master of Arts and 
Doctor of Philosophy degrees. A distinguished and diverse faculty offers concentrated 
coursework, from cross-cultural and multicultural perspectives, in critical theory, movements 
and genres, to interdisciplinary studies in literature, culture, and visual media. Students work 
with advisors to shape individual programs that bridge traditional disciplinary boundaries. 
Students may draw on the resources of several academic departments including American 
Studies, Anthropology, Art History, Classics, English, French and Italian, Germanic and 
Slavic, Hebrew and East Asian, History, Music, Philosophy, Spanish and Portuguese, 
Sociology, Theatre, and Women's Studies. 

The Comparative Literature Program is committed to studying texts and cultures within a 
global framework, recognizing ethnic, racial, sexual, and linguistic diversity both among 
nations and within them. The greatest strengths of the faculty lie in the areas of cultural and 
critical theory; modem movements and genres with emphases in film, drama, and the novel; 
Renaissance and eighteenth-century studies; postcolonial studies; and feminist scholarship. 

Admission Information 

Applicants should have a strong background in the arts and humanities. M.A. students are 
expected to be proficient in English and at least one other language, Ph.D. students in at least 
two other languages. Each student must submit a critical writing sample (in English), three 
letters of recommendation, evidence of language proficiency, and GRE scores. International 
applicants must also submit TOEFL scores. 



Comparative Literature Program (CMLT) 1 25 



Master's Degree Requirements 

All students must take CMLT 601, "Problems in Comparative Literature," but each student 
will formulate a curricular program tailored to his or her interest of study. The M.A. degree 
can be achieved through either 24 hours of coursework and the successful defense of a thesis, 
or 30 hours of coursework and a comprehensive examination. The M.A. thesis is highly 
recommended for those planning to enter Ph.D. studies. 

Doctoral Degree Requirements 

The specific number of credits required of a Ph.D. candidate varies according to the 
preparation and goals of the individual student but usually includes eight to ten courses beyond 
the master's degree and CMLT 601, if that has not already been completed. Each student 
takes four comprehensive examinations, respectively in literary theory, a genre, a period, and 
an additional field related to the student's focus of study. 

Facilities and Special Resources 

Students in Comparative Literature have access to considerable resources of the University 
of Maryland's many departments and programs, as well as those of the Library of Congress, 
the Kennedy Center, the Folger Institute, and the American Film Institute. Other universities, 
affiliated with the Washington Consortium, along with museums, galleries, libraries, embassies, 
and cultural institutions of the Washington D.C., metropolitan area and the Baltimore- 
Philadelphia-New York corridor are available as well. The Comparative Literature Program 
also hosts the University of Maryland Visual Press, which is responsible for several 
international film and video projects and which offers students opportunities for internships. 

Financial Assistance 

Comparative Literature students are eligible for graduate assistantships and university 
fellowships. Depending on resources and the student's own expertise, teaching and research 
assistantships may also be available. 

Additional Information 

For more specific information about the program, contact: 

Director, Comparative Literature Program 
2107 South Campus Surge Building 
University of Maryland 
College Park, MD 20742 
(301) 405-2853 

For courses, see code CMLT. 



1 26 Computer Science Program (CMSC) 



Computer Science Program (CMSC) 

Chair: Tripathi 

Professors: Agrawala, Basili, Davis, Gannon, Kanal, Miller, Minker, O'Leary, Rosenfeld, 

Roussopoulos, Samet, Shneiderman, Stewart, Tripathi, Zelkowitz 

Professors Emeriti: Atchison, Chu, Edmundson 

Associate Professors: Aloimonos, Austing, Elman, Faloutsos, Gasarch, Hendler, Kruskal, 

Mount, Nau, Perils, Purtilo, Reggia, Saltz, Sellis, Shankar, Smith 

Assistant Professors: Anderson, Dorr, Furuta, Gerber, Khuller, Porter, Pugh, Salem, 

Subrahmanian 

Afflliate Professors: Ja'Ja', Vishkin 

Affiliate Associate Professors: Larsen, Ricart 

The Department of Computer Science offers research oriented graduate programs leading to 
the degrees of Master of Science and Doctor of Philosophy with research emphasis in the 
following areas: artificial intelligence, data bases, computer vision, numerical analysis, 
programming languages, software engineering, computer systems, and theory of computing. 

Admission Information 

Admission and degree requirements specific to the graduate programs in computer science 
are described in a brochure available through the Departmental graduate office. A strong 
background in mathematical and theoretical computer science is necessary. Both general and 
advanced Graduate Record Examinations (GRE's) are required. 

Master's Degree Requirements 

The master's program offers two options: 1) 24 hours of course work and the completion of 
a thesis, or 2) 30 hours of course work, a comprehensive examination, plus the completion of 
a scholarly paper. 

Doctoral Degree Requirements 

There are no explicit course requirements in the doctoral program. The number and variety 
of courses offered each semester enable students and their advisors to plan individualized 
programs. The Program milestones include comprehensive examinations in three research 
areas, a preliminary oral examination on the dissertation proposal, and the dissertation defense. 

Facilities and Special Resources 

The Department is located in the A.V. Williams Building, a state-of-the-art research facility. 
The Department's research laboratories contain a DEC 8600, a VAX 1 1/785, two VAX 8250s 
and an Encore Multimax 510. More than 100 SUN and DEC workstations are networked 
together running UNIX. Workstations from several other manufacturers are also available. 
The university has VAX, IBM and UNIVAC mainframes. 

The Department has direct INTERNET access (address: <name>@cs.umd.edu). BITNET 
access is available through campus INTERNET/BITNET gateways. 



Counseling and Personnel Services Program (EDCP) 127 



The Department maintains close ties with the two campus research units: the Center for 
Automation Research (CfAR) and University of Maryland Institute for Advanced Computer 
Studies (UMIACS). Many students and facuUy in the Department have access to CfAR and 
UMIACS facilities and equipment. CfAR has two VAX 1 l/785s, several Symbolics 3600s, 
and two Butterfly parallel processors, and UMIACS has a Connection Machine. The 
Department also has close ties to the Center for Excellence in Space Data and Information 
Sciences (CESDIS) at NASA Goddard Space Flight Center in Greenbelt, MD, and research 
facilities there are available for collaborative projects. 

Financial Assistance 

Graduate assistantships in both the educational and research programs are offered to qualified 
applicants based on academic performance. CfAR, UMIACS, CESDIS, and the Systems 
Research Center (SRC) offer a number of assistantships. Graduate School fellowships, 
including minority fellowships, are also available. 

Additional Information 

For information on degree programs and graduate assistantships contact: 

Graduate Office 

Department of Computer Science 
1119 A.V. Williams Building 
University of Maryland 
College Park, MD 20742 
(301) 405-2664 

For courses, see code CMSC. 

Counseling and Personnel Services Program (EDCP) 

Chair: Rosenfield 

Professors: Birk, Hershenson, Jepsen, Marx, Power, Rosenfield, Schlossberg 

Professors Emeriti: Bums, Magoon, Pumroy 

Associate Professors: Boyd', Greenberg, Hoffman, Lawrence, McEwen, Strein, Teglasi 

Assistant Professors: Cook, Fassinger, Kandell', Komives, Lucas', Phillips' 

Affiliate Professors: Bagwell, Clement, Cuyjet, Freeman, Gast, Hrutka, Jacoby, Kreiser, 

Medvene, Mielke. Osteen, Otani, Scales, Schmidt, Sedlacek, Stewart, Stimpson, Thomas, 

Westbrook 

'Joint appointment with the Counseling Center 

The Department of Counseling and Personnel Services offers graduate programs designed 
to provide the knowledge and skills needed for practice and scholarship in counseling and 
related human service professions. These fields are concerned with assisting people 
individually, in groups and in organizations to attain their optimal level of personal, social, 
educational and career functioning. Graduates are employed in a variety of settings including 



128 Counseling and Personnel Services Program (EDCP) 



schools, colleges and universities, mental health agencies, rehabilitation agencies, correctional 
facilities, business and industry, government agencies, other community service facilities and 
private practices. These professionals may serve any of several roles either at the 
practitioner's level or at an advanced level as supervisors, researchers, educators or program 
administrators. 

Master's level professional entry-level programs are offered in five areas of specialization: 

1) The School Counseling program prepares students to become school counselors in 
elementary, middle and high school settings. School counselors provide individual and group 
counseling to school-aged children, coordinate pupil services in schools and function as 
consultants to classroom teachers, school administrators and parents. 2) The School 
Psychology program prepares students for certification as school psychologists, who assess 
factors that affect pupils' functioning and work together with other school staff to develop 
intervention strategies to enhance the learning and behavioral adjustment of pupils. 3) The 
College Student Personnel program prepares specialists for service in higher education settings 
as counselors and as administrators of student affairs services. 4) The Community Counseling 
program prepares counselors to work in community mental health, career counseling, and adult 
development. 5) The Rehabilitation Counseling program prepares counselors to work with 
persons who have mental, emotional, social or physical handicaps. 

The Ph.D. degree in Counseling and Personnel Services is offered in four areas of 
specialization: 1) Counseling Psychology (in collaboration with the Psychology Department), 

2) School Psychology, 3) College Student Personnel Administration, and 4) Counseling and 
Consultation (Counselor Education). Doctoral studies prepare students to achieve exceptional 
competence in the theory and practice of their field; to develop a high level of skills as 
researchers, educators and administrators; and to assume positions of leadership in various 
relevant settings. Students in the specialization of Counseling Psychology are educated to 
work as counseling psychologists and supervisors in such settings as college and university 
counseling centers, community mental health agencies and academic departments. Doctoral- 
level school psychologists serve as advanced level practitioners, supervisors, administrators, 
researchers and school psychology faculty. Students in College Student Personnel 
Administration are prepared to assume leadership positions as administrators of college or 
university student personnel services or as faculty and researchers of college student personnel 
work. Doctoral students in Counseling and Consultation (Counselor Education) are prepared 
to assume roles as educators, supervisors, or researchers in school counseling, rehabilitation 
counseling, community counseling or counsehng education programs. 

Program accreditation within CAPS include: The School Psychology and Counseling 
Psychology doctoral programs, which are accredited by the American Psychological 
Association. The Rehabilitation Counseling Masters (M.A. or M.Ed.) Program is accredited 
by the Council on Rehabilitation Education. The M.A./A.G.S. Program in School Psychology 
and the Master's (M.A. or M.Ed.) Program in School Counseling are approved for certification 
by the Maryland State Department of Education and are accredited by the National Council 
for Accreditation of Teacher Education. The Masters (M.A. or M. Ed.) Program in 
Community Counseling and the Ph.D. Program in Counsehng and Consultation (Counselor 
Education) are accredited by the Council for Accreditation of Counseling and Related 
Educational Programs (CACREP). 



Counseling and Personnel Services Program (EDCP) 1 29 



Admission Information 

Applicants for regular admission to master's degree programs must have an undergraduate 
GPA of B (3.0 on a 4.0 scale) and must submit their scores on the Miller Analogies Test or 
Graduate Record Examination (required for School Psychology M.A./A.G.S. program). The 
undergraduate program must include at least 15 semester hours of coursework in behavioral 
science fields (anthropology, education, psychology, sociology and/or statistics). 

Applicants for admission to A.G.S. and Ph.D. programs in Counseling and Consultation 
(Counselor Education) and College Student Personnel must have a master's degree in 
counseling or a closely related field. A grade point average of 3.5 in prior graduate work is 
required with an acceptable score on the Miller Analogies Test or the Graduate Record 
Examination (for Counseling Psychology and School Psychology). Selective screening of 
qualified applicants is necessary in order to limit enrollment to the Department's available 
faculty resources. 

Master's Degree Requirements 

Professional entry-level programs of two types are offered, depending on the area of 
specialization: 1) a master's degree program (M.A., thesis required; M.A. non-thesis with 
Master's paper required; or M.Ed., thesis not required), or 2) an integrated Master's/ Advanced 
Graduate Specialist (M.A./A.G.S.) program. The applicant should contact the Department for 
further information concerning the entry-level requirements and curriculum of each area of 
specialization. 

The A.G.S. certificate is offered in some of the Department's areas of specialization. For 
individuals who hold a master's degree in counseling or a closely related field, this certificate 
program may serve: 1) to provide the additional education required for professional 
certification or licensure in those specialty areas that require a program of two year's length, 
and/or 2) to provide the academic background for an advanced level of professional practice 
within a specialty area. 

Doctoral Degree Requirements 

Ph.D. students are expected to attain advanced skills as both practitioners and researchers in 
their area of specialization. All doctoral students are required to take advanced courses in 
statistics and research design. Because of the highly specialized nature of each of the doctoral 
programs, applicants should contact the Department for the program brochures describing the 
program of interest. The brochure describes specific course and fieldwork requirements, the 
nature of the examination required for completion of the program, and the dissertation 
requirements. 

Facilities and Special Resources 

All master's, A.G.S., and doctoral students are required to include supervised fieldwork 
experiences in their degree programs. The Department has excellent cooperative relationships 
with the Division of Student Affairs (including such offices as the Counseling Center, 
Orientation, Campus Activities, the Student Union, Resident Life and Commuter Affairs), with 



130 Criminal Justice and Criminology Program (CRIM) 



units in Academic Affairs (such as Advising, Career Development, Admissions and 
Experiential Learning) and with units in University College. Fieldwork may also be done at 
a wide variety of school systems, colleges and universities, counseling services and mental 
health agencies in the Maryland/District of Columbia area and nationally. 

In addition to campus and Department resources, students also utilize the many major 
research and professional institutions that are easily accessible to the campus. These include 
the Library of Congress, the National Library of Medicine, the National Institutes of Health 
and of Education, the American Psychological Association and the American Association for 
Counseling and Development. 

Financial Assistance 

The Department offers several graduate assistantships, and paid experiences have been 
arranged for some students in the Department with a variety of on-campus and off-campus 
agencies. 

Additional Information 

Individual brochures describing the curriculum of each professional entry-level and doctoral 
specialization are available upon request. Please be sure to indicate which program 
brochure(s) you wish to receive. Contact: 

Chair 

Counseling and Personnel Services Program 

3218 Benjamin Building 

University of Maryland 

College Park, MD 20742 

(301)405-2858 

For courses, see code EDCP. 



Criminal Justice and Criminology Program (CRIM) 

Director: Wellford 

Professors: Loftin, Paternoster, Sherman, Smith, Wellford 

Professor Emeritus: Lejins 

Associate Professors: Gottfredson, Ingraham. Maida, McDowall 

Assistant Professor: Simpson 

The program of graduate study leading to Master of Arts and Doctor of Philosophy degrees 
in the area of Criminal Justice and Criminology is intended to prepare students for research, 
teaching, and professional employment in the operational agencies of the criminal justice field. 
This program combines an intensive background in a social science discipline such as 
criminology, criminal justice, sociology, psychology and public administration with graduate- 
level study of selected aspects of the criminal justice field. In addition, the Institute 
participates in two programs with other departments in the University. With the Department 



Criminal Justice and Criminology Program (CRIM) 131 



of Counseling and Personnel Services, the Institute offers a master's program in crime and 
delinquency counseling. This thirty-six credit program combines counseling and criminal 
justice and criminology courses with a supervised practicum. The Institute offers a joint 
J.D./M.A. degree with the School of Law of the University of Maryland, located in Baltimore. 

A recent study of Institute M.A. and Ph.D. alumni reveals that master's degree graduates 
have found employment in both public and private institutions in virtually every kind of 
activity associated with the criminal justice system: research; teaching; federal, state and local 
law enforcement; courts; corrections; private security; and funded programs. Ph.D. graduates 
have found employment mostly in teaching, research, and government agency administration. 

Admission Information 

In addition to the general Graduate School rules, special admission requirements include the 
Graduate Record Examination, a major in a social science discipline and nine hours of 
coursework in appropriate areas of criminal justice. 

Master's Degree Requirements 

For the M.A. applicant, the undergraduate social science major must have included at least 
one course each in theory, statistics and research methods. M.A. students may choose either 
a criminology or a criminal justice option. The general plan of study for both options is as 
follows: 30 semester hours of courses consisting of: 1) at least six courses in criminology and 
criminal justice, four of which are required courses that must be passed with a "B" or better; 
2) a graduate level course in statistics, the course to be selected from an approved list; 3) six 
hours of either thesis credit or additional coursework depending on the option selected by the 
student; and 4) one elective course. The M.A. degree offers both a thesis option and a non- 
thesis option with some additional requirements. 

Doctoral Degree Requirements 

The Ph.D. applicant must have completed two courses each in statistics, research methods 
and theory; one course in each area must be at the master's level. Admission to the Ph.D. 
program presupposes completion of the M.A. degree. At the discretion of the Institute's 
Graduate Admissions Committee, deficiencies in some of the above areas may be made up by 
noncredit work at the beginning of the program. 

In addition to the general Graduate School requirements, competence in research 
methodology and in quantitative techniques is expected for the completion of the Ph.D. degree, 
as well as competence in theory, the criminal justice field, and in a specialization area selected 
by the student. The necessary coursework is determined on the basis of the student's previous 
preparation, needs and interests. The candidate is also required to pass comprehensive 
examinations. 

Facilities and Special Resources 

The Institute houses the Maryland Justice Analysis Center, the Violence Research Group, and 
the Criminology Editor for the Journal of Criminal Law and Criminology. In addition. 



1 32 Curriculum and Instruction Program (EDCI) 



faculty maintain ongoing, funded research programs. These resources provide numerous 
opportunities for students to engage in policy development, research, and professional 
activities. 

Financial Assistance 

Graduate teaching assistantships are available on a competitive basis. Graduate research 
assistantships are also available for graduate students to participate in research projects directed 
by faculty members and funded by outside sources. 

Additional Information 

A brochure describing the Institute of Criminal Justice and Criminology and its programs is 
available upon request. Inquiries should be directed to: 

Graduate Program Coordinator 
Institute of Criminal Justice 
University of Maryland 
College Park, MD 20742 
(301) 405-4699 

For courses, see codes CRIM and CJUS. See also CCJS. 



Curriculum and Instruction Program (EDCI) 

Chair: Howe 

Professors: E. Campbell, Davey, Fein, Fey^ Folstrom', Gambrell, Holliday, Howe, Jantz, 

Johnson, Layman^ Lockard", Roderick, Saracho 

Associate Professors: Afflerbach, Amershek, Brigham, P. Campbell, Cirrincione\ Craig, 

Davidson, DeLorenzo, Dreher, Eley, Heidelbach, Henkelman, Herman, Klein, McCaleb^ 

McWhinnie^ Slater 

Assistant Professors: Carey, Graeber, Grant, O'Flahavan, Wong 



'Joint appointment with Music 

"Joint appointment with Botany 

^Joint appointment with Geography 

'*Joint appointment with Mathematics 

^Joint appointment with Physics 

^Joint appointment with Speech Communication 

^Joint appointment with Housing and Applied Design 



The Department offers graduate study leading to the following degrees and certificates: 
Master of Arts (thesis and non-thesis). Master of Education, Advanced Graduate Specialist. 
Doctor of Education, and Doctor of Philosophy. The Department offers a variety of programs 
individually designed to meet the graduate students' personal and professional goals, which 
may include educational research, teaching, supervising, providing leadership as curriculum 
specialists within the disciplines, teacher education or consulting at all levels of instruction: 



Curriculum and Instruction Program (EDCI) 133 



early childhood, elementary, secondary and higher education. Areas of concentration include 
art education, early childhood education (birth to eight years of age), elementary education, 
history/social studies education, English education, foreign language education, teaching 
English as a second language, speech and theater education, mathematics education, music 
education, professional development, reading education, and science education. Part-time 
graduate work is possible since courses are taught in the late afternoon and evenings. 

Admission Information 

Applicants must have a 3.0 undergraduate grade point average and an acceptable score on 
either the Miller Analogies Test or the Graduate Record Examination. Also required are 
letters of recommendation from three persons competent to judge the applicant's probable 
success in graduate school. Most programs require teacher certification. Many require 
teaching experience. In addition, admission to an A.G.S. or doctoral program requires a 3.5 
grade point average in previous graduate study as well as either a 3.0 undergraduate grade 
point average or at least a 40th percentile on the Miller Analogies Test or Graduate Record 
Examination. 

Master's Degree Requirements 

Master's degree requirements vary according to the area of concentration and the type of 
degree. Typically, programs require 30 to 36 semester hours, a six-hour comprehensive 
examination, and two seminar papers. 

Doctoral Degree Requirements 

The doctorate requires a planned sequence of approximately 60 semester hours beyond the 
master's degree. Doctoral students are required to take a preliminary examination after 
approximately 12 semester hours of work and a comprehensive examination near the 
completion of the program. An oral examination in defense of the dissertation is required, as 
well as a publishable paper based on the dissertation. 

Facilities and Special Resources 

Facilities that support graduate study include the Center for Mathematics Education, the 
Reading Center, and the Science Teaching Center. Additional facilities in the College of 
Education include the Educational Technology Center, the Curriculum Laboratory, Teacher 
Education Centers in local schools, and the Center for Young Children. 

Financial Assistance 

Teaching assistantships and a smaller number of research assistantships are available for 
outstanding students who are enrolled full-time. For best consideration apply early. 



134 Dance Program (DANC) 



Additional Information 

For more specific information, contact: 

Chair 

Department of Curriculum and Instruction 

2311 Benjamin Building 

University of Maryland 

College Park, MD 20742-1175 

(301) 405-3324 

For courses, see code EDCI. 

Dance Program (DANC) 

Chair: Wiltz 

Professors: Rosen, A. Warren, L. Warren, Wiltz 

Professor Emerita: Madden 

Associate Professor: Dunn 

Assistant Professor: Frosch-Schroder 

Lecturer: Jackson 

The Department of Dance offers a Master of Fine Arts degree in Dance with concentrations 
in either performance or choreography. It is designed to give outstanding students advanced 
training and opportunities for creative growth. The program will prepare the student for the 
professional world as a dancer, choreographer or teacher on the college level. 

The competencies that students learn during the program will allow them to teach a broad 
range of dance and dance-related subjects after they graduate. They should be able to present 
and produce dance in a number of contexts and modalities both on the campus and in the 
community. The program is designed to broaden all aspects of the artist's understanding of 
dance. Important emphasis will be given to dance history and philosophy and the study of 
current issues in the field. We wish our graduates to exhibit a high degree of insight into the 
cultural contexts in which dance has developed in the past and continues to develop today. 

Students in both the performance and choreography emphases will be expected to spend a 
significant amount of time learning about stage lighting, costuming and sound, as well as 
promotion and house management and the myriad of other organizational details that go into 
producing a dance performance. They will be actively involved in the practical application 
of this knowledge as part of their training. Graduates who understand every aspect of the 
theater needed to successfully present a dance performance will find themselves more highly 
employable both in the performance and educational fields of the profession. 

Admission Information 

Applicants should have a strong undergraduate preparation in technique and dance 
composition. They should have completed the following undergraduate courses or their 



Dance Program (DANC) 135 



equivalent: improvisation, kinesiology, dance teaching methods, dance production, and two 
semesters of dance history or one semester of history and one of dance philosophy, ethnology 
or aesthetics. Undergraduate deficiencies will be considered on an individual basis. 

Master's Degree Requirements 

Students enrolled in the program must complete a total of 60 credit hours of study to 
graduate and will be juried on a regular basis to determine their progress. Graduation from 
the program requires the successful completion of a final project demonstrating a synthesis of 
craft and artistic understanding as well as professional competence in the area of concentration. 
Final projects may follow two emphases: (1 ) the thesis project for the choreographic emphasis 
will consist of the public presentation of a body of dance works choreographed by the 
candidate; (2) the thesis project for the performance emphasis will consist of the public 
presentation of a body of dance works featuring the candidate in performance. 

For both emphases the total performance time is to be equivalent to a substantial dance 
concert. A written report documenting the project must be submitted, consisting of a thorough 
analysis and evaluation of the process through which the project was realized. 

Facilities and Resources 

The location of campus, eight miles away from Washington D.C.. places the Department a 
half hour away from America's second city of dance where one may study and enjoy a wide 
variety of offerings of ballet, modem and ethnic dance. 

Financial Assistance 

A limited number of teaching assistantships that include partial or full tuition remission is 
available. All qualified applicant may be nominated for Graduate School fellowships: the 
deadline for applications is February 1. 

Additional Information 

The Guidlines for the Graduate Program pro\ide course requirements, examination 
procedures and descriptive materials for the M.F.A. program. For specific information, 
contact: 

Professor Alcine J. Wiltz. Chair 
Department of Dance 
University of Man, land 
College Park, MD 20742 
(301)405-3180 

For courses, see code DANC. 



136 Economics Program (ECON) 



Economics Program (ECON) 

Chair: Straszheim 

Professors: Aaron, Abraham, Almon, Baily, Betancourt, Brechling, Clague, Dorsey, Drazen, 

Haltiwanger. Harris, Hulten, Kelejian, Mueller, Murrell, Oates, Olson, Panagariya, Prucha, 

Schelling. Straszheim 

Professors Emeriti: Bergmann, Cumberland, McGuire, O'Connell, Ulmer, Wonnacott 

Associate Professors: Bennett, Coughlin, Cropper, Knight, Meyer, Montgomery, Schwab, 

Wallis. Weinstein 

Assistant Professors: Anderson, Delias, Evans, Haliassos, Hoff, Lyon, Sakellaris, Williams 

The Economics Program offers graduate study leading to both the Master of Arts and Doctor 
of Philosophy degrees. Areas of specialization include: economic theory, advanced macro, 
advanced micro, comparative economic systems and planning, econometrics, economic 
development, economic history, environmental and natural resource economics, history of 
economic thought, industrial organization, institutional economics, international economics, 
labor economics, monetary economics, public choice, public finance, regional economics and 
urban economics. 

Admission Information 

Applicants should have taken (or should plan to take immediately) advanced undergraduate 
courses in microeconomics, macroeconomics and statistics. Applicants are also expected to 
have completed two or more semesters in calculus and additional mathematics. The Graduate 
Record Examination is required, and the Advanced Economics Test is strongly recommended. 
Letters of recommendation from three persons competent to judge the probability of the 
applicant's success in graduate school should be sent directly to the Director of Graduate 
Studies in Economics. Part-time graduate study is not encouraged. 

Master's Degree Requirements 

The M.A. degree program offers both a thesis option (24 hours plus a thesis) and a non- 
thesis option (30 hours, including Economics 621-622, a written examination in economic 
theory, and a research paper). The requirements for the M.A. non-thesis option are met 
automatically in the course of the Ph.D. program in economics. 

Doctoral Degree Requirements 

The Ph.D. program requires: (1) a written examination in economic theory, normally talcen 
at the beginning of the second year of study; (2) written examinations in two selected fields; 
(3) completion of a sequence of work in econometrics; and (4) a dissertation. Additional work 
in theory, methods and fields is normally expected. In the third year, students begin directed 
research by participating in workshops appropriate to their dissertation research. 

Facilities and Special Resources 

The graduate program in economics is a comprehensive one. The Department is particularly 
strong in the economics of the public sector and public choice. The Department has strong 



Education Policy, Planning and Administration Program (EDPA) 137 

focuses in industrial organizations, macroeconomics, natural resources and the environment, 
international economics and economic development and other applied areas as well. Faculty 
members also supervise special research projects in inter-industry forecasting and other fields. 

Financial Assistance 

Research assistantships are available in special projects. Numerous teaching assistantships 
are also available. There are a limited number of fellowships available, including several for 
members of groups who are underrepresented among economists. 

Additional Information 

A complete description of the requirements of the degrees in economics and the admission 
process is available on request from: 

Director of Graduate Studies 
Department of Economics 
University of Maryland 
College Park, MD 20742 
(301) 405-3544 

For courses, see code ECON. 



Education Policy, Planning, and Administration Program (EDPA) 

Acting Chair: Schmidtlein 

Professors: Andrews, Berdahl, Berman, Bimbaum, Chait, Clague, Dudley, Finkelstein, Male, 

McLoone, Stephens 

Professors Emeriti: Anderson, Carbone, McClure, Newell 

Associate Professors: Agre, Goldman, Hopkins, Huden, Lindsay, Noll, Schmidtlein, Selden, 

Splaine 

Assistant Professors: Heid, Leak 

Affilite Assistant Professors: Clemson, Edelstein 

Adjunct Professors: Farmer, Heynemann, Hickey 

Adjunct Associate Professors: Hogan, Hrabowski 

Adjunct Assistant Professor: McKay 

Programs of graduate study in this Department are offered in the following areas of 
specialization: school administration and supervision (M.A., M.Ed., Ph.D., Ed.D.); curriculum 
theory and development (M.A., M.Ed., Ph.D., and Ed.D.); social foundations of education and 
education policy (M.A., Ph.D.); and higher education administration (M.A., Ph.D.). Ed.D. 
progams in school administration and supervision are offered at several off-campus sites as 
well as on the College Park campus. 

Admission Information 

Minimum requirements for admission to a master's degree program are an undergraduate 



138 Education Policy, Planning and Administration Program 



GPA of 3.0 or better and the 40th percentile or better on the Miller Analogies Test or the 
Graduate Record Examination. Doctoral admission requirements are an undergraduate GPA 
of 3.0 or better, a graduate GPA of 3.5 or better and the 70th percentile or better on the Miller 
Analogies Test or the Graduate Record Examination. Selective screening of qualified 
applicants is employed to limit enrollments to available faculty resources. 

Master's Degree Requirements 

The minimum number of credit hours beyond the bachelor's degree required of master's 
degree students in administration and supervision is 39 credits, in curriculum theory and 
development, and in higher education administration 36 credits, and in social foundations of 
education 30 credits. In addition to major and elective courses, this includes 6 to 9 credits in 
research methods and (except for foundations of education) an internship and/or field 
experience. Master's students write a 6 hour comprehensive examination, and either a thesis 
or two seminar papers (except for those who take the non-thesis program in social foundations 
of education). 

Doctoral Degree Requirements 

Doctoral students are required to take 90 credits beyond the bachelor's degree, some of 
which may be satisfied by prior study. In addition to major and elective courses, this includes 
12 to 15 credits in research methods, a practicum or internship, and 6 to 12 credits of 
dissertation research. Doctoral students write a 6 hour preliminary examination early in their 
programs and a 12 hour comprehensive examination after completing major coursework. 

Facilities and Special Resources 

Faculty and students in the Department work closely with area schools, colleges, universities, 
and other education-related organizations. Rich resources in the Washington, D.C., area, 
including embassies and other international organizations, provide exceptional opportunities 
for internships and field experiences, research opportunities, and materials to enhance formal 
course experiences. Associated with the Department are the International Center for the Study 
of Education Policy and Human Values, the Council for Curriculum Development and Change, 
the Center for Higher Education Governance and Finance, and the Institute for Research in 
Higher and Adult Education. 

Financial Assistance 

A limited number of graduate assistantships are available and are awarded on a competitive 
basis. 

Additional Information 

To obtain a Department brochure or additional information, write or call: 

Chair, Department of Education Policy, Planning, and Administration 
2110 Benjamin Building 
University of Maryland 



Electrical Engineering Program (ENEE) 139 



College Park, MD 20742-1165 

(301) 405-3574 

For courses, see code EDPA. 



Electrical Engineering Program (ENEE) 

Chair: Destler 

Professors: Antonsen, Baras, Barbe, Blankenship, Chellappa, Chen, Davis, Davisson, 

DeClaris, Destler, Emad, Ephremides, Frey, Gligor, Goldhar, Granatstein, Harger, Hochuli, 

Ja'Ja', Krishnaprasad, Langenberg, Lee, Levine, Ligomenides, Makowski, Marcus, Mayergoyz, 

Newcomb, Ott, Rabin, Reiser, Rhee, Striffler, Taylor, Tits, Venkatesan, Vishkin, Zaki 

Professor Emeritus: Lin 

Associate Professors: Abed, Carter, Farvardin, Geraniotis, Ho, Iliadis, Menyuk, Morris, 

Nakajima, Narayan, Oruc, Pugsley, Shamma, Shayman, Silio, Tretter 

Assistant Professors: Chang, Dayawansa, Fuja, Goldsman, Greenberg, Lawson, Liu, 

Menezes, Milchberg, Milor, Papamarcou, Yan, Yang 

The Electrical Engineering Department offers graduate study leading to the Master of Science 
and Doctor of Philosophy degrees. A diverse offering of courses, seminars, colloquia and 
thesis guidance encompasses a broad spectrum of topics. Concentration is possible in: (1) 
communication (random processes; detection, estimation, coding and information theories; 
digital signal processing; optical communications; communication networks; and remote 
sensing systems); (2) computers (digital system design; operating systems; parallel algorithms 
and architectures; VLSI architectures; fault tolerant computing; design automation; neural 
networks; computer networking; and computer security); (3) control (computer-aided design; 
nonlinear, sampled data and distributed parameter systems; system optimization; and optimal 
and stochastic control): (4) electrophysics (electromagnetic theory, plasmas, intense charged- 
particle beams and applications to accelerators and high-power microwave generation, quantum 
electronics, millimeter-and microwave-antenna and optical engineering, lasers, nonlinear optics, 
chemical physics and biophysics); and (5) microelectronics (circuits and devices; VLSI and 
computer-aided design; neural networks; microwave and integrated circuits, semiconductor 
materials; and technology). 

Joint programs are maintained with the mathematics, physics and computer science 
departments, the Laboratory for Plasma Research, the Systems Research Center, and the 
chemical physics, material science and transportation programs. Opportunities also exist for 
programs of study in conjunction with many national and international laboratories and 
technical facilities. The Department has active theoretical research projects in optical 
communication, communication networks, coding theory, traffic control, remote sensing, solar 
energy conversion devices, nonlinear dynamics (chaos), relative electronics, parallel algorithms, 
computational complexity, interconnection networks and many other areas. 

Employment opportunities for graduates have been exceptionally rich in recent years. Private 
industry, research laboratories, government agencies and labs, and academic institutions have 
been hiring at virtually unprecedented rates. This strong demand should continue through the 
coming decade. The accompanying salary scales have been and should continue to be very 



140 Electrical Engineering Program (ENEE) 



attractive. The growing demand for engineering faculty has created a large number of 
opportunities for those interested in teaching careers. 

Admission Information 

For admission to electrical engineering, students must possess at least an undergraduate 
degree from an ABET accredited undergraduate program in electrical engineering with a B+ 
or better grade point average, or similar undergraduate preparation in mathematics, computer 
science, physics or other areas of engineering or science. 

Master's Degree Requirements 

Requirements for the master's thesis and non-thesis options are those of the Graduate School 
and must be completed within five years. In addition, students must have an average of B or 
better in all courses counted toward the degree. 

Doctoral Degree Requirements 

For the Ph.D. degree, students must complete a minimum of 42 semester hours of graduate 
approved courses with a B average or better, the Ph.D. qualifying examination and all 
dissertation and oral examination requirements. 

Facilities and Special Resources 

Over thirty specialized modem research and project laboratories distributed throughout the 
Department support a wide variety of research. The Electrical Engineering Department has 
extensive computer facilities to support its computational needs. These include state of the 
art computers in the various research laboratories as well as in the faculty offices. The 
terminal room houses some of the most advanced work stations available for student use. In 
addition, the faculty and students who are affiliated with the University of Maryland Institute 
for Advanced Computer Studies have access to a connection machine that is housed in the 
Institute. A complete engineering library is housed nearby. 

Financial Assistance 

Financial aid is available to graduate students in the form of research assistantships. teaching 
assistantships and fellowships. Applications for research and teaching assistantships should 
be completed and sent to the Electrical Engineering Office of Graduate Studies. 

Research assistantships are awarded subject to availability of funds and are renewed subject 
to satisfactory research progress. Summer appointments are often available. Teaching 
assistantships are usually awarded in April. Preference is given to United States citizens. 
Duties may include laboratory teaching assignments, assistance in the computation facility or 
assistance in courses. Teaching assistants must register for at least nine credit hours per 
semester. Fellowships are available for highly qualified applicants in a number of areas. 
Local industries and government agencies have work-study programs in which some of the 
Electrical Engineering graduate student body participates. Application should be made directly 
to the agencies. 



Engineering Materials Program (ENMA) 141 



Additional Information 

For special brochures or publications offered by the Department, contact: 

Electrical Engineering Office of Graduate Studies 
University of Maryland 
College Park, MD 20742 
(301)405-3681 

For courses, see code ENEE. 



Engineering Materials Program (ENMA) 

Director: Wuttig 

Professors: Armstrong\ Arsenault', Dieter^, Roytburd', Wuttig' 

Associate Professor: Ankem' 

Assistant Professors: Briber', Lloyd', Salamanca-Riba' 

'Materials and Nuclear Engineering 
"College of Engineering 
""Mechanical Engineering 

The Engineering Materials Program is administered by the Department of Materials and 
Nuclear Engineering. Areas of specialization include diffraction, dislocation and mechanical 
behavior of materials, x-ray and electron microscopic techniques, electronic and magnetic 
behavior of materials and of thin films, phase transformations, the chemical physics of 
materials, and the properties and behavior of polymeric materials. 

Admission Information 

The Program offers graduate study leading to the Master of Science and Doctor of 
Philosophy degrees and is open to qualified students holding a bachelor's degree in any of the 
engineering and science areas from accredited programs. In some cases it may be necessary 
to require courses to fulfill this background. In addition to Graduate School admission 
requirements, the Department outlines special degree requirements in its Departmental 
publications. 

Master's Degree Requirements 

The M.S. program offers both a thesis or non-thesis option. For those students electing to 
write a thesis, 30 hours of coursework is required. The non-thesis program requires students 
to complete 36 hours of courses, write one scholarly paper, and pass a written comprehensive 
examination. 



142 English Language and Literature Program (ENGL) 



Doctoral Degree Requirements 

The Ph.D. program requires at least three years of full-time study beyond the B.S. degree. 
All students seeking graduate degrees in Engineering Materials must enroll in ENMA 650, 660 
and 671. 

Facilities and Special Resources 

Special equipment includes scanning and transmission electron microscopes, x-ray diffraction 
equipment, crystal growing and other sample preparation as well as mechanical testing 
facilities, and thin film deposition and analysis equipment. 

Financial Assistance 

Financial assistance in the form of teaching and research assistantships as well as sponsored 
fellowships are available to qualified students. 

Additional Information 

Information is available from: 

Director 

Engineering Materials Program 

Department of Materials and Nuclear Engineering 

University of Maryland 

College Park, MD 20742-2115 

(301) 405-5212 

For courses, see code ENMA. 



English Language and Literature Program (ENGL) 

Acting Chair: Hammond 

Professors: Bryer, Carretta, Coletti, Cross, Fraistat, Fry, Handelman, Holton, Howard, Isaacs, 

Kauffman, Komblatt, Lawson, Pearson, W. Peterson, Plumly, Russell, Salamanca, 

Schoenbaum, Trousdale, Vitzthum, Washington, Winton, Wyatt 

Associate Professors: Auchard, Auerbach, Barry, Birdsall, Caramello, Cartwright, Cate, 

Coleman, Collier, Coogan, Dobin, Donawerth, Fahnestock, Flieger, Grossman, D. Hamilton, 

G. Hamilton, Hammond, Herman, Kleine, Lanser, Leinwand, Leonardi, Levine, Loizeaux, 

Mack, Marcuse, Norman, C. Peterson, Robinson, Turner, Wilson 

Assistant Professors: James, Levin, McDowell, Moser, Ray, Rutherford, Schilb, Smith, 

Upton, Van Egmond, Wang 

The Department of English offers graduate study leading to the Master of Arts and Doctor 
of Philosophy degrees with areas of specialization in American literature, English literature, 
African-American literature, and literatures of the African Diaspora. The Department also 
offers a Master of Fine Arts degree in Creative Writing. In addition, candidates for the M.A. 



English Language and Literature Progrann 1 43 



degree may take a minor in composition and rhetoric. Traditionally, most students enrolled 
in graduate programs in English Language and Literature have sought employment in post- 
secondary teaching. An increasing number of students are also seeking non-academic 
employment now in publishing, business and technical writing, administration and personnel 
management. For the student who decides to seek one of the.se alternatives, the University of 
Maryland offers a Career Development Center that helps place students in careers suitable to 
their interests and to their level of educational achievement. 

Admission Information 

In addition to the Graduate School requirements, applicants to the M.A. program should 
present a 3.4 GPA in English and 24 hours of upper-level English courses. Applicants to the 
Ph.D. program should present a 3.7 GPA and an M.A. degree in English. All applicants 
should submit a writing sample to the Office of the Director of Graduate Studies. 
Applications must be received by January 15 for all programs. Admission is for the Fall 
semester only. 

Master's Degree Requirements 

The M.A. degree requires completion of 30 credit hours and a distribution requirement to 
assure coverage of the major historical fields. The student may either take 24 hours of course 
credit and write a thesis for the other six hours, or take 30 hours and pass a written 
comprehensive examination. 

The M.F.A. degree requires completion of 36 hours of coursework. The program balances 
course requirements between writing workshops and literature courses and offers 
concentrations in fiction and poetry. A creative thesis (six credits) is also required. 

Doctoral Degree Requirements 

The Ph.D. requires a total of 51 hours of graduate work (normally 21 hours beyond the 
M.A.) and three further requirements: 1) a two-part exam (written and oral) in the student's 
two chosen areas of specialization; 2) an examination in a foreign language; and 3) the 
dissertation. Applicants to the Ph.D. program must have an M.A. Applicants who wish to 
pursue a Ph.D., but do not have an M.A., must apply to the M.A. program. 

Facilities and Special Resources 

Resources for research in the College Park area are outstanding. The university's libraries, 
which have been targeted for special enhancement in the coming years, presently hold over 
2,000,000 volumes. In addition to the unsurpassed holdings of the Library of Congress, the 
area also offers the specialized resources of the Folger Shakespeare Library, Dumbarton Oaks, 
the National Archives, the Smithsonian Institution, and the National Center for the Study of 
the Visual Arts. 

UMCP is a member of the Consortium of Institutions in the Washington area, which permits 
graduate students at College Park to enroll in courses at other universities for graduate credit 
at UMCP. Graduate students in English may also take courses for graduate credit at the 



144 Entomology Program (ENTM) 



Folger Institute of Renaissance and Eighteenth-Century Studies, which runs a series of 
seminars by distinguished scholars each year. 

Financial Assistance 

A small number of fellowships are awarded by the Graduate School to candidates nominated 
by the various departments. Most financial aid is in the form of teaching assistantships (three 
courses of composition per year) that the Department awards in March. About 90 
assistantships are currently awarded each year, and about 25 of these go to new students or 
to others who have not held them previously. 

Additional Information 

Additional information on admission, financial aid and degree requirements can be obtained 
from: 

David Wyatt 

Director of Graduate Studies 
Department of English 
University of Maryland 
College Park, MD 20742 
(301) 405-3798 

For courses, see code ENGL. 



Entomology Program (ENTM) 

Chair: Steinhauer 

Professors: Barbosa, Bottrell, Davidson, Denno, Raupp, Steinhauer 

Professors Emeriti: Bickley, Bissell, Harrison, Jones, Menzer, Messersmith, Wood 

Associate Professors: Armstrong, Dively, Hellman, Lamp, Linduska, Ma, Mitter, Nelson, 

Regier, Scott 

Assistant Professors: O'Brochta, Roderick, Thome 

Adjunct Professors: Coddington, Erwin, Ferguson, Gwadze, Hsu, Miller, Raina, Thompson 

The Department of Entomology offers both the Master of Science and Doctor of Philosophy 
degrees. Graduate students may specialize in physiology and morphology, toxicology, 
biosystematics, ecology and behavior, medical entomology, apiculture, insect pathology, 
economic entomology, and pest management. Employment opportunities for graduates exist 
in industry, academia, federal, state and local governments, and in international and national 
spheres. 

Admission Information 

Students applying for graduate work in entomology are expected to have strong backgrounds 
in the biological sciences, chemistry and mathematics. An undergraduate degree in 
entomology is not required, but a strong basic preparation is definitely preferred for admission 



Entomology Program (ENTM) 145 



to the program. Students lacking certain specific courses in their undergraduate program may 
need to extend the normal period of time required for the degree. 

Upon admission to the M.S. or Ph.D. program, the student undergoes a Departmental 
interview to evaluate general knowledge of biology and entomology. After this examination 
the student's study committee suggests a program of course work and approves a detailed 
research proposal. 

Master's Degree Requirements 

In the M.S. and Ph.D. programs, the student is given latitude in the selection of the advisory 
study committee, the choice of a major study area and supporting coursework, and the 
selection of a research program. The M.S. degree is awarded following the successful 
completion of the course requirements (24 credits) and a satisfactory thesis (6 credits). 

Doctoral Degree Requirements 

Following completion of most coursework, the Ph.D. student is given an oral qualifying 
examination before applying for admission to candidacy. There are no specific course 
requirements, but coursework is determined by student study committees. 

Facilities and Special Resources 

The Department maintains facilities for research in all areas of specialization offered. In 
addition, cooperative programs with other departments in Agriculture and Life Sciences are 
possible. The Department also maintains cooperative research programs with several 
government agencies such as the Belts ville Agricultural Research Center, the U.S. National 
Museum of Natural History, and the Walter Reed Army Institute of Research. Students may 
also participate in the Maryland Center for Systematic Entomology where cooperative guidance 
toward advanced degrees has been established between the Department and scientists in the 
Insect Identification and Beneficial Insect Introduction Institute, U.S.D.A. and the Department 
of Entomology, Smithsonian Institution. Specialized facilities are frequently made available 
to graduate students in these programs. In many instances graduates of the entomology 
programs find employment in such government agencies because of the contacts made in these 
cooperative projects. 

Financial Assistance 

There are a number of teaching and research assistantships available to entomology graduate 
students on a competitive basis. Several part-time employment opportunities are available in 
governmental and private research and developmental laboratories in the area. The 
Department also awards a 3-year Gahan Regents Graduate Fellowship annually. 

Additional Information 

The Department's Guidelines for Graduate Students gives additional information on the 
graduate program, including requirements for admission, course requirements, examinations, 
seminars, and research areas and facilities. Copies are available from: 



146 Family and Community Development Program (FMCD) 



Department of Entomology 
University of Maryland 
College Park, MD 20742 
(301) 405-3912 

For courses, see code ENTM. 



Family and Community Development Program (FMCD) 

Chair: Billingsley 

Professors: Billingsley, Gaylin, Hanna, Koblinsky 

Associate Professors: Anderson, Epstein, Leslie, Myricks, Rubin 

Assistant Professors: Churaman, Randolph 

Lecturer: Werlinich 

The Department of Family and Community Development is devoted to describing, explaining 
and improving the quality of family life by means of research, education, community outreach 
and public service. The curriculum places special emphasis upon the family and the 
community as mediating structures in determining life quality. The approach is holistic, i.e., 
human ecology. Departmental graduate training prepares students for jobs in research centers, 
consulting firms, voluntary and non-profit organizations, business enterprises, private practice 
and federal, state and local governments. The Department offers a Master of Science degree 
with individually designed areas of emphasis. These include a working knowledge of the 
growth of individuals throughout the life span, with particular emphasis on family structure 
and the effective delivery of family-oriented services. Courses are available for students 
interested in the processes and methods of change for improving community services that 
impact upon families. A student may focus on the efficient utilization of available family and 
community resources, the relationship between available resources and governmental (and 
private sector) policies, and the development of expanded resources through citizen action. 
Specializations include management of human service programs, family policy analysis, high 
risk families, family stress and coping, and ethnically diverse families. A curriculum in 
marriage and family therapy is offered (accredited by the American Association for Marriage 
and Family Therapy), which draws upon a knowledge of family dynamics and change using 
the clinical techniques of therapy and consultation. 

Admission Information 

The Department employs the Graduate School's policies as the criteria for admission to the 
master's program. In addition, applicants must take the Graduate Record Examination and 
have adequate undergraduate preparation in one or more of the following areas: anthropology, 
economics, geography, family development, planning, political science, psychology, public 
administration, social work, sociology or urban studies. Students interested in the marriage 
and family therapy curriculum must submit a special application form available from the 
Department of Family and Community Development. 



Fire Protection Engineering Program (ENFP) 147 



Master's Degree Requirements 

The master's program is 30 hours, with 30 additional hours for those in the marriage and 
family therapy curriculum. Twelve hours of the 30 are required courses. The student may 
choose either the thesis or non-thesis option. A student who chooses the thesis option must 
take six credit hours of thesis research while a student who picks the non-thesis option must 
complete 30 hours of coursework, a non-thesis paper(s), plus oral and written comprehensive 
examinations. 

Facilities and Special Resources 

The Family Service Center, a research facility for the study of family life, provides clinical 
services to several hundred families. 

Financial Assistance 

Due to the limited number of available graduate assistantships and the high demand for these 
positions, application for financial aid should be made prior to February 1 for the fall semester 
of the coming year. 

Additional Information 

For further information, contact: 

Department of Family and Community Development 
University of Maryland 
College Park, MD 20742 
(301) 405-3672 

For courses, see code FMCD. 



Fire Protection Engineering Program (ENFP) 

Chair: Bryan 

Professors: Bryan, Quintiere 
Assistant Professor: Mowrer 
Lecturer: Milke 

The Fire Protection Engineering Department offers a diversified program of graduate studies 
leading to the Master of Science degree. An individual study plan compatible with the 
student's interest and background is developed between the student and adviser. Two 
specialized areas involve the courses developed for graduate study. The first area focuses on 
engineering principles concerned with the fire modeling of the scientific fundamentals of 
diffusion flame combustion, the mechanics of flame propagation and the techniques of field 
or zone simulation for the prediction of fire development. The second area of study involves 
the application of simulation and risk analysis to the predictive and analytical procedures for 
the quantitative assessment of fire hazards and the probabilities of potential fire incidents. 



148 Fire Protection Engineering Program (ENFP) 



Admission Information 

The M.S. program is open to qualified students holding the B.S. degree. Full admission may 
be granted to students with degrees in any of the engineering and physical science areas from 
accredited programs. In some cases it may be necessary to require undergraduate courses to 
fulfill the student's background. In addition to the Graduate School requirements, the 
Graduate Record Examination may be required. 

Master's Degree Requirements 

The M.S. degree program offers both a thesis and a non-thesis option. The Department's 
degree requirements are included in its publications. 

Facilities and Special Resources 

The Department provides laboratory facilities for graduate research. The laboratories contain 
radiant panels, a cone calorimeter and particle obscuration apparatus. The departmental 
computer laboratory contains PC's. AT's and PS2's. Sun workstations and a DEC-based CAD 
facility are provided by the College of Engineering. A UNIVAC 1100/92 and an IBM 3081 
in the Computer Science Building are available by remote access from the Department 
Computer Laboratory. Library facilities include one of the most extensive fire protection 
engineering-related collections in the country. The Department has computerized access to the 
National Institute for Standards and Technology Center for Fire Research Library through 
HREDOC. 

Financial Assistance 

Financial aid is available in the form of fellowships, and teaching and research assistantships. 
Research assistantships are awarded in conjunction with the availability of research funds. 
Professional firms and governmental agencies in the area have work-study programs available 
to graduate students. 

Additional Information 

Brochures and publications offered by the Department may be obtained by writing: 

Department of Fire Protection Engineering 
University of Maryland 
College Park. MD 20742 
(301)405-3991 

For courses, see code ENFP. 



Food Science Program (FDSC) 149 



Food Science Program (FDSC) 

Chair: Westhoff 

Professors: Bean. Bender. Heath, Johnson, Quebedeaux, Solomos, Vijay, Westhoff, Wheaton, 

Wiley 

Professors Emeriti: Cook. Keeney, King. Mattick, Twigg 

Associate Professors: Chai. Doerr. Schlimme, Shehata. Stewart. Wabeck 

.Assistant Professor: Choi 

The Food Science Program offers the Master of Science and Doctor of Philosophy degrees. 
The Graduate Program is interdepartmental with faculty representing departments of 

Agricultural Engineering. .Agricultural and Resource Economics. Animal Sciences. Botany. 
Chemistry . Horticulture. Human Nutrition and Food Systems. Microbiology. Poultr>' Science 
and the Seafood Processing Laborator>' of the Environmental and Estuarine Studies Center. 
Food Science is concerned with all the basic and fundamental principles of the physical, 
biological and behavioral sciences and engineering to belter understand the complex and 
heterogeneous materials recognized as food. Graduates are needed as food scientists or food 
technologists by the commercial food manufacturing and packaging industry: by many allied 
industries such as equipment manufacturers and suppliers to the industr\-. by government 
agencies at local, state, national and international levels: and by educational institutions. 

.\diTilssion Information 

The Program requires all applicants to take the Graduate Record Examination and achieve 
a minimum combined GRE score of 1500: international students must have a TOEFL score 
of at least 550. The Program also bases its evaluation for acceptance on the student's 
academic transcripts, letters of recommendation and professional experience. A background 
in food science, physical, chemical and biological sciences or engineering is desirable. Under 
certain conditions, the Food Science Admissions Committee may ask an applicant to come in 
for a personal interview. Students are only accepted into the program when they meet all 
necessarv' requirements and when a research adviser can be identified. The Program Chair 
may either recommend to admit a student without condition, provisionally (with any of 20 
conditions to be fulfilled) or deny admission with reasons stated. 

After a student is accepted into the program, he or she is assigned an adviser in accordance 
with the student's objectives, prior experience, coursework. etc. Within the first semester. 
students should acquaint themselves with faculty members and their fields of interest in order 
to form a Guidance Committee chaired by the adviser, which also consists of at least two M.S. 
or four Ph.D. faculty members. Students must also file an approved program of study by the 
end of the first year of graduate study, and any changes in the program must be approved by 
the adviser and the Guidance Committee. 

In addition to the Graduate School requirements, students who have a B.S. degree in Food 
Science or the equivalent must complete a nunimum of 30 hours of graduate credit coursework 
including a minimum of 12 hours of 600-level courses and above, and three credit hours each 
in biochemistT) and biometrics. Students who enter the program without a background in 
Food Science may be required to complete more than the minimum number of hours of 
graduate credit to obtain the M.S. degree. Students must also complete a mandatory- 



150 Food Science Program (FDSC) 



colloquium (seminar) for which two presentations for credit must be made during the program 
of study and any other provisional requirements as necessary. 

Master's Degree Requirements 

The M.S. program offers both a thesis and non-thesis option. Students who write a thesis 
must complete six hours of FDSC 799 in addition to the other program course requirements. 
Students who choose the non-thesis option must complete all program course requirements and 
prepare a scholarly paper on a subject approved by the Guidance Committee. 

Doctoral Degree Requirements 

In addition to the Graduate School requirements, the Ph.D. degree requires the completion 
of a program of study as approved by the Guidance Committee, including a minimum of 12 
hours of FDSC 899 credit. 

Facilities and Special Resources 

Laboratories, pilot plants and equipment are located in the Animal Sciences Center, 
Holzapfel Hall, H.J. Patterson Hall, Turner Laboratory and Shriver Hall. Facilities are 
available for experimental processing of fruits, vegetables, poultry, red meat, dairy products 
and seafood. Additional seafood processing facilities are located off campus. Laboratories 
are equipped for biochemical, biophysical and microbiological research and include facilities 
for laboratory animals. Instrumentation includes gas-liquid chromotographs, HPLC, atomic 
absorption spectrophotometer, rheology and texture measurement instrumentation, electron 
microscopes, super speed and ultra centrifuges, amino acid analyzers, slope extractor and 
UF/RO membrane separator, radioisotope counters and automated wet chemical analyzers. A 
broad range of modem facilities for cell culture, biochemistry and recombinant DNA work are 
also present. University research farms are available for both plant and animal production 
studies. Specialized facilities of nearby government and food industry laboratories are 
available for graduate student research. The Library of Congress, the National Agricultural 
Library and the National Library of Medicine are within easy access to the University. 

Financial Assistance 

Teaching and research assistantships are available from the participating departments. These 
assistantships provide a stipend and remission of fees for up to 10 credit hours per semester. 
The stipends are increased according to time and progress in the graduate program. Funds 
from grants and contracts are also available for support of graduate research programs. 

Additional Information 

For more specific information, please call or write: 

Dr. Dennis C. Westhoff 

Food Science Program 

Animal Sciences Building, Room 2113 

University of Maryland 



French Language and Literature Program (FRIT) 151 



College Park, MD 20742 
(301) 405-1377 

For courses, see code FDSC. 



French Language and Literature Program (FRIT) 

Acting Chair: Verdaguer 

Professors: Fink, MacBain, Tarica, Therrien 

Associate Professors: Black, Brami, Cottenet-Hage, Joseph, Meijer, Mossman, Russell, 

Verdaguer 

Assistant Professor: Falvo 

The Department of French and Italian prepares students for the Master of Arts and Doctor 
of Philosophy degrees in French language and literature. The composition of the graduate 
faculty and the variety of course offerings make it possible for students to specialize in any 
period or movement of French literature or any aspect of the French language, with the 
consent of their advisers. 

Admission Information 

The M. A. program, which offers both a thesis and non-thesis option, is open to students who 
have a solid grounding in French language and literature. It is strongly recommended that all 
applicants take the Graduate Record Examination. 

Master's Degree Requirements 

The students' knowledge of French is screened at the beginning of their first semester 
through a language proficiency examination. Students usually take four semesters to finish 
the master's degree, which includes the successful completion of a thesis or a substantial 
research paper, and a comprehensive examination in French literature, French literature and 
civilization or French literature and linguistics (a six-hour written examination followed by a 
one-hour oral examination). 

Doctoral Degree Requirements 

The Ph.D. program is open only to the most highly motivated candidates who give evidence 
of strong qualifications to pursue an interest in individual research. All applicants for the 
Ph.D. program (except M. A. graduates of this Department) must pass a three-part preliminary 
examination administered at the start of the first semester, consisting of an explication de 
textes, an essay and an oral examination before being fully admitted to the program. They 
must complete a program of seminars related to their field of interest. Finally, they must pass 
three qualifying examinations and a translation examination in a second foreign language 
before being admitted to candidacy and beginning work on their dissertation. 



152 Geography Program (GEOG) 



Facilities and Special Resources 

In addition to the University graduate and undergraduate libraries, the Department maintains 
a reference library. Area research facilities include the Library of Congress and the Folger 
Library (specializing in 16th, 17th and 18th-century literature). The Department has a chapter 
of the National Honor Society, Phi Sigma Iota. 

Financial Assistance 

Financial support is available in the form of graduate fellowships, as well as teaching and 
research assistantships. For information contact the Department of French and Italian. 

Additional Information 

For complete information concerning the Department's requirements set forth in the Guide 
to Graduate Programs in French, contact: 

Department of French and Italian Language and Literature 
University of Maryland 
College Park, MD 20742 
(301)405-4024 

For courses, see code FRIT. 

Geography Program (GEOG) 

Chair: Townshend 

Professors: Fonaroff, Leatherman, Townshend, Wiedel 

Associate Professors: Brodsky, Christian, Cirrincione, Coward, Groves, Kearney, Mitchell, 

Prince, Thompson 

Assistant Professor: Dubayah 

Affiliate Associate Professor: Corsi 

Lecturers: Broome, Chaves, Frieswyk 

The Department of Geography offers graduate study leading to the Master of Arts and 
Doctor of Philosophy degrees. Specific Departmental graduate specialties include the 
following: physical geography (process geomorphology, coastal environments, 

microclimatology, biogeography); urban geography and metropolitan analysis (urban social 
policy, demography, urban historical and urban systems); remote sensing, geographic 
information systems, and cartography (the applications of remote sensing, geographic 
information systems (GIS), and cartography form a strong set of interrelated themes); human 
geography (colonization processes, tropical areas, health and disease, comparative and 
international urbanization and settlement processes, historical, and selected urban functions, 
such as transportation, population, economic, and policy systems). Interdisciplinary approaches 
are encouraged. Students at both the master's and doctoral levels initiate their own program 
of coursework and submit a plan of study for approval. All degree-seeking graduate students 
are required to complete the following courses during their first full year of study: GEOG 
600, GEOG 605, and GEOG 610 and all prerequisites associated with these required courses. 



Geography Program (GEOG) 1 53 



While the Washington job market is highly competitive, employment opportunities in applied 
geography remain strong. Would-be practicing geographers should stress such marketable 
studies as remote sensing, cartography, computer cartography, geographic information services, 
international development and locational analysis. 

Admission Information 

Incoming M.A. students are expected to have an undergraduate degree in geography; students 
from other fields will be required to do additional remedial work. All graduate applicants 
should submit their Graduate Record Examination test scores. 

Master's Degree Requirements 

Master's students must complete at least 30 graduate credit hours. No more than 12 credit 
hours may be taken at the 400 level. All master's students take an oral examination defense 
of a research proposal and a final oral examination based either on the thesis or the first of 
the two research papers. 

Doctoral Degree Requirements 

The Ph.D. program usually requires three years to complete. The program is designed to 
meet the individual needs of the student; thus, few courses are required. Doctoral applicants 
must submit a written statement of study that is used to solicit faculty sponsors. Because of 
the degree of specialization, the Department only considers Ph.D. applicants whose interests 
coincide with Departmental faculty competence. 

The Department normally requires a grade point average higher than 3.0 and a master's 
degree from a recognized geography department for admission. Competency in terms of fields 
of study and a comparable level of achievement to the Department's master's degree may also 
be accepted. Students without a master's degree may petition the Department for admission 
and may be accepted upon approval of a faculty committee appointed by the Department 
Chair. 

After completion of formal course work for the Ph.D., students must take a two-part 
qualifying examination for advancement to candidacy. Part one is a written examination on 
the student's specific field of research specialization. Part two is an oral examination 
evaluating the dissertation proposal. Upon satisfactory completion of the dissertation there is 
also a final oral examination. 

Facilities and Special Resources 

Departmental research facilities are contemporary and outstanding. They include 
cartographic laboratories, a computer mapping and spatial analysis facility, a coastal 
geomorphology laboratory and remote sensing laboratory. Numerous microcomputers are 
housed in the Department. The Department publishes an Occasional Papers Series. 



1 54 Geology Program (GEOL) 



Financial Assistance 

Graduate assistantships and fellowships are available. 
Additional Information 

More detailed information on the M.A. and Ph.D. programs can be obtained from: 

Director of Graduate Studies 
Department of Geography 
1113 LefrakHall 
University of Maryland 
College Park, MD 20742 
(301)405-4056 

For courses, see code GEOG. 

Dual Master's Degrees Programs in Geographic Information Systems 

This is a joint program of the College of Library and Information Services and the 
Department of Geography. It results in two master's degrees; the Master of Library Science 
(MLS) and the Master of Arts in Geography. The dual-degree program requires a minimum 
of 56 graduate credit hours. For a full-time student, the Program requires two years of 
intensive study. Admission to the Program is competitive and students must apply separately 
and be admitted both to Library and Information Services and to Geography. Contact either 
the Department of Geography (301) 405-4056 or the College of Library and Information 
Services (301) 405-2038 for more information. 



Geology Program (GEOL) 

Chair: Brown 

Professors: Brown, Chang, Wylie 

Associate Professors: Candela, McLellan, Prestegaard, Ridky, Segovia, Stifel 

Assistant Professors: Krogstad, Walker 

Adjunct Professors: Luhr, Sorenson. Zen 

The Department of Geology offers graduate study leading to the Master of Science and 
Doctor of Philosophy degrees. The two areas of concentration are lithospheric processes and 
earth surface processes. Research within lithospheric processes includes such traditional areas 
as mineralogy, petrology, geochemistry, structural geology and tectonics. Research within 
earth surface processes includes hydrology, sedimentation, geomorphology. remote sensing and 
environmental change. These areas are not mutually exclusive, and students are encouraged 
to develop a program that suits their interests. 

Research topics currently being studied by faculty-student groups lie within the following 
broad areas: the origin and evolution of granites and granitic pegmatites, metamorphic 
petrogenesis, phase equilibria studies, geochemical evolution of the mantle and crust, ore 



Geology Program (GEOL) 1 55 



petrogenesis and the behavior of ore metals in igneous systems, problems in tectonic evolution, 
mechanisms of surface-groundwater interactions, wetland hydrology, glacial geology, sediment 
transport mechanics, hydrologic consequences of climate change, and environmental 
geochemistry. 

Admission Information 

Qualified students with a major in geology, physics, mathematics, chemistry, biology, 
engineering or other related sciences are invited to apply for admission to the graduate 
programs. All students must submit the Graduate Record Examination scores to be considered 
for admission. 

Master's Degree Requirements 

The Department of Geology offers a Master of Science degree. There is no single prescribed 
curriculum. Although 24 credit hours of course work and 6 credit hours of thesis research are 
required, the entire course of study is individually developed for each student by his/her 
graduate program committee as approved by the Graduate Committee. The M.S. degree is 
awarded following the successful completion of the course requirements, submission of a 
satisfactory thesis, and an oral defense of the thesis. The M.S. normally requires two years 
of work. 

Doctoral Degree Requirements 

For the Ph.D. degree, requirements include satisfactory completion of coursework, 
preparation of a research proposal, an oral candidacy and research proposal examination, and 
a successful dissertation defense. The Ph.D. commonly requires two or three years of work, 
if conducted after the completion of an M.S. program, or four to five years from the time of 
admission if pursued directly from the bachelor level. 

Facilities and Special Resources 

The Department maintains a variety of modem facilities and equipment for research, 
including a Sun Microsystem computer network with direct access to supercomputer facilities; 
laboratories for research on the petrology of igneous, metamorphic, and sedimentary rocks; a 
Cue 3 color image analysis system; a Fluid, Inc., stage for fluid inclusion analysis; research 
microscopes with instruments to measure reflectance; rock preparation laboratories; high 
temperature and high pressure/high temperature equipment for dry or hydrothermal 
experiments; a solid source mass spectrometer and ancillary equipment for isotope analysis; 
electromagnetic and Ott velocity meters; digitizing equipment; laboratory and field 
hydrogeology equipment (and access to a drill rig on campus); flame and graphite furnace 
atomic absorption equipment; X-ray fluorescence equipment (XRF); a JEOL 840 electron 
microprobe; an automated x-ray diffractometry apparatus (XRD). Analytical scanning and 
transmission electron microscopy are available on campus for geological research. 

Although students will choose an advisor within the Geology Department, they may also 
wish to take advantage of research opportunities provided by collaboration with other 
departments on campus, such as Meteorology. Geography, Agronomy, and Chemistry, and 



156 Germanic Language and Literature Program (GERS) 



other institutions in the area including the Smithsonian Institution, United States Geological 
Survey, NASA, Department of Terrestrial Magnetism, Geophysical Lab, and the National 
Institute of Standards and Technology. 

Financial Assistance 

Graduate students are eligible for Departmental teaching assistantships, Graduate School 
fellowships and grant- supported fellowships and research assistantships. In addition, some 
curatorial, library and other part-time work is sometimes available. 

Additional Information 

The Department's Graduate Programs in Geology at Maryland gives additional information 
on the requirements, examinations, faculty research interests and publications, research 
facilities and financial aids. Copies are available from: 

Director of Graduate Studies 
Department of Geology 
University of Maryland 
College Park, MD 20742 
(301) 405-4365 

For courses, see code GEOL. 



Germanic Language and Literature Program (GERS) 

Chair: Pfister 

Professors: Beicken, Best, Frederiksen, Oster, Pfister 

Professors Emeriti: Herin, Jones 

Associate Professors: Bilik, Fagan, Fleck, Strauch 

Assistant Professors: Greene-Gantzberg, Richter 

The German Program of the Department of Germanic and Slavic Languages and Literatures 
offers graduate study leading to the M.A. and Ph.D. degrees. Specialization includes the 
following areas: language pedagogy and applied linguistics; Germanic philology; Medieval 
literature and culture; and literature of the German speaking countries from the Renaissance 
to the present including German culture and film. 

The Departmental programs emphasize the linguistic approach to language studies, the 
incorporation of critical theory and literary theory into the study of literature and culture, the 
pursuit of cultural perspectives in the study of literary history and German film, and gender 
studies. 

Admission Information 

In addition to the Graduate School requirements, candidates should have a bachelor's degree 
with a major in German language and literature or the equivalent and fluency in the written 



Germanic Language and Literature Program (GERS) 1 57 



and spoken language. Candidates for the doctorate must have a master's degree in German 
or in a related discipline such as Germanic studies, Scandinavian studies, language education, 
and Medieval studies. 

Master's Degree Requirements 

The M.A. degree program offers both a thesis and non-thesis option. For the thesis option, 
the student must complete 24 hours of coursework, the thesis with oral defense and a written 
comprehensive examination. The non-thesis option requires 30 hours of coursework, a mini- 
thesis with oral defense and a written comprehensive examination. For both options the 
comprehensives consist of four two-hour examinations based on the coursework and the M.A. 
reading list. 

Doctoral Degree Requirements 

Degree requirements for the Ph.D. are as follows: 1) completion of at least 30 hours of 
coursework beyond the master's degree over a period of at least one year at the University of 
Maryland and a further 12 hours of dissertation research; 2) a reading skill examination in a 
language other than English or German, which may be another Germanic language or a 
language related to the candidate's research; 3) comprehensive written examinations; 4) 
presentation of the dissertation, an original study in the field of specialization on a topic 
approved by the advisor and the examining committee; and 5) the oral defense of the 
dissertation (one to two hours). 

Facilities and Special Resources 

In addition to its course offerings listed below, the German Program of the Department of 
Germanic and Slavic Languages and Literatures sponsors the German Club, the University of 
Maryland Chapter of Delta Phi Alpha (the national German language honors society). 
Distinguished scholars and lecturers, as well as visiting professors, who visit the metropolitan 
area and campus regularly. College Park's proximity to Washington, D.C., facilitates 
participation in the many cultural functions of the capital with its wealth of German and 
Scandinavian social groups and national societies: the Embassies of Austria, Germany, 
Sweden, Denmark, Norway, Switzerland; and the German Historical Institute, and the Goethe 
Institute, which has co-sponsored the yearly Sommerschule in the Nation's Capital, a program 
for undergraduate and graduate students. 

Financial Assistance 

The German Program offers graduate teaching assistantships, and the Graduate School offers, 
on a competitive basis, fellowships, minority fellowships, and grants. 

Additional Information 

For further information write to: 

Director of Graduate Studies 

Department of Germanic and Slavic Languages and Literature 



1 58 Government and Politics Program (GVPT) 



University of Maryland 
College Park, MD 20742 
(301)405-4091 

For courses, see codes GERS and SLAV. 



Government and Politics Program (GVPT) 

Chair: Wilkenfeld 

Professors: Alford, Butterworth, Claude, Davidson, Dawisha, Elkin, Franda, Glass, Gurr, 

Hsueh, Marando, Oppenheimer, Phillips, Piper, Pirages, Quester, Reeves, Stone, Uslaner, 

Wilkenfeld 

Professors Emeriti: Anderson, McNelly 

Associate Professors: Glendening, Heisler, Kaminski, McCarrick, Mcintosh, Ranald, Soltan, 

Terchek, Williams 

Assistant Professors: Gimpel, Haufler, Hermson, Lalman, Lanning, Swistak, Tismaneanu 

The Department of Government and Politics is a large and diverse department that offers 
graduate study leading to both the Master of Arts and the Doctor of Philosophy degrees in 
political science. The Department offers a variety of courses and program flexibility for 
students seeking academic careers as well as those seeking other professional career interests 
in political science. This diversity and flexibility enables students to pursue specializations 
in the broad fields of political science: American politics, international relations, comparative 
politics, political economy, and political theory. In addition, students may pursue more 
specialized fields such as formal theory, public law, Soviet-East European studies, East-Asian 
studies, national security, political development, public policy, political behavior, political 
psychology, conflict management, politics of advanced industrial societies, and social choice. 

Admission Information 

Admission to both the M.A. and Ph.D. programs is competitive. The Department seeks to 
recruit highly qualified students and to admit the strongest students from the pool of 
applicants. Approximately 25-30 students will be accepted into the graduate program each 
year. Applicants must provide transcripts, letters of recommendation, and scores from the 
Graduate Record Exmination. Students seeking admission who have an undergraduate GPA 
of at least 3.5 and aggregate GRE scores of about 1800 are within the competitive range of 
admitted students. 

Master's Degree Requirements 

The M.A. program provides substantial flexibility to students and can generally be completed 
in three semesters of full-time study. It is a useful degree for those with career interests in 
public service or the private sector and is the first degree for those seeking an academic career. 
Master's degree candidates may select a thesis or a non-thesis option, both of which require 
six semester hours of political theory or political philosophy, six semester hours of methods 
courses and a comprehensive examination in one field. Both options require a total of 30 
semester hours of credit. 



Health Education Program (HLTH) 1 59 



Doctoral Degree Requirements 

The doctoral program is intended to provide students with the knowledge, methodological 
skills and research experience appropriate for persons who intend to enter the discipline of 
political science. Students admitted to the program are expected to complete 42 hours of 
graduate work including courses in political theory and methods that are required for all 
students. Under an adviser's direction, students will identify two fields of specialization and 
must pass comprehensive written examinations in both fields and complete a dissertation. 

Facilities and Special Resources 

Graduate students in the Department participate in the activities of the Public Service Intern 
Program, Project ICONS, the Center for International Development and Conflict Management, 
the Maryland Social Choice Program, the Center for International Security Studies at 
Maryland, the East-South Project, and the Center for the Study of Post-Communist Societies. 

Financial Assistance 

In addition to teaching assistantships, the Department also has a public service intern 
program for students interested in State government. There are also a limited and variable 
number of research positions available through research grants. 

Additional Information 

Further information, including a manual on graduate study, please contact: 

Director of Graduate Studies 
Department of Government and Politics 
University of Maryland 
College Park, MD 20742 
(301) 405-4161 

For courses, see code GVPT. 



Health Education Program (HLTH) 

Chair: Gilbert 

Professors: Burt. Feldman, Gilbert. Gold, Greenberg. Leviton. Wilson 

Associate Professors: Allen. Beck. Clearwater. Meiners 

Assistant Professors: Alexander. Desmond, Klos, Thomas 

Adjunct Professors: Horton. LaRosa. Portnoy, Schaeffer. Scheirer, Stone 

Affiliate Professors: Bridwell, Freimuth 

Lecturers: Sawyer, Schiraldi 

The Department offers graduate study leading to the Master of Arts and Doctor of 
Philosophy degrees. The Department of Health Education offers a program designed to 
prepare students to enter health education and related health professions in teaching, research. 



1 60 Health Education Program (HLTH) 



consulting and administrative roles. Career opportunities for graduates include professional 
education, research, health maintenance, public schools, community health agencies, health 
care delivery and promotion, and private and governmental settings. 

The Department offers fully developed tracks of study and some field experience in the areas 
of stress management, health behavior, school health education, community health and others. 
Advanced degree study is not limited to these areas. Students, in consultation with the 
Director of Graduate Studies and faculty advisers, may design an individual program of study 
to meet his/her projected professional needs in the doctoral program. 

Admission Information 

For students interested in the master's degree, the Department requires an undergraduate 
GPA of at least 3.0. For admission to the doctoral program, a graduate GPA of 3.5 is 
required. In addition, the Department requires satis-factory GRE scores (quantitative and 
verbal sections) and three letters of recommendation from all applicants. Deadline for Fall 
admission is March 1, and October 1 for Spring admission. 

Master's Degree Requirements 

The master's program offers both thesis and non-thesis options. Thirty credits are required 
for both degree options. Twenty-four credits must be at the 600 level or above. Six credits 
may be at the 400 level with permission. Advisement is mandatory. 

Doctoral Degree Requirements 

Ph.D. applicants must have completed a master's level degree. The Ph.D. program requires: 
(1) successful completion of approved course work; (2) comprehensive examination; and (3) 
a dissertation. Advisement is mandatory. 

Facilities and Special Resources 

The student may experience specific application of theory through numerous field studies and 
Departmental service programs in the areas of controlling stress and tension, children's health 
and development, programs for the aged, and women's health and safety education. Special 
Departmental facilities include the Psychophysiological Research Laboratory, the Minority 
Health Research Laboratory, the Interdisciplinary Health Research Laboratory, the Safety 
Education Center and a college microcomputer laboratory. The proximity of the nation's 
capital. National Institutes of Health, the National Library of Medicine, and the Library of 
Congress render the University of Maryland unusually well suited for graduate work in health 
education. 

Financial Assistance 

The Department offers a limited number of graduate teaching and research assistantships. 
The Department may also recommend outstanding applicants to the Graduate School for 
University fellowships. Deadline for assistantship application for Fall is March 1, and Spring 
is October 1. 



Hearing and Speech Sciences Program (HESP) 1 61 



Additional Information 

For more specific information on the program, contact: 

Dr. Harvey E. Clearwater. Director 
Department of Health Education 
University of Maryland 
College Park. MD 20742-2611 
(301)405-2464 

For courses, see code HLTH. 

Hearing and Speech Sciences Program (HESP) 

Acting Chair: Bernstein Ratner 

Professors: McCall. Yeni-Komshian 

Associate Professors: Bernstein Ratner. Dingwall. Gordon-Salant. Roth 

Lecturer: Balfour 

The Department of Hearing and Speech Sciences provides the opportunity for advanced 
graduate study in the communication sciences and disorders. Formal areas of concentration 
include speech/language pathology and audiology. More individualized programs of study in 
speech, language or hearing are offered at the doctoral level. 

Admission Information 

In addition to the Graduate School requirements, the Department requires applicants to 
furnish scores on the Graduate Record Examination. Prospective applicants should note that 
decisions on summer and fall admissions are made in early March and on spring admission 
in early November. Early application is encouraged. 

Applicants with an undergraduate degree in the hearing and speech sciences or a related field 
are considered for admission to the M.A. degree program, which usually requires two years 
of graduate study. Individuals without a background in the hearing and speech sciences may 
need more than two years to finish. Only full-time students are admitted to the program. 

Admission to the Ph.D. degree program may be offered to applicants with either a Bachelor's 
or Master's degree. Requirements for completion of a program of doctoral study is dependent 
on a student's prior background in the communication sciences and disorders. 

Master's Degree Requirements 

The Department of Hearing and Speech Sciences offers the Master of Arts degree with either 
the thesis or the non-thesis option and with major emphasis either in speech and language 
pathology or in audiology. The Master's degree is required for individuals preparing for 
positions as speech pathologists or audiologists in schools, hospitals, rehabihtation facilities, 
hearing and speech centers or in other clinical settings. Academic course work, which includes 



162 Hearing and Speech Sciences Program (HESP) 



a minimum of 36 credits, is combined with supervised clinical practice in the University 
Speech and Hearing Clinic and in selected outside clinical facilities so that the graduate will 
meet the academic and practicum requirements for clinical certification by the American 
Speech and Hearing Association and for licensing in the State of Maryland. The Master's 
degree program is accredited by the American Boards of Examiners in Speech Pathology and 
Audiology. 

Doctoral Degree Requirements 

The Department also offers the Doctor of Philosophy degree with a major emphasis in 
speech, language or hearing. Students with a B.A. or M.A. are considered for admission to 
the doctoral program. Matriculated doctoral students will choose within their major a special 
interest area, which may focus on the normal aspects of their major or disorders related to the 
major. A student must also select a minor area of study either from within or outside 
Departmental offerings. There are no foreign language requirements, but advanced courses 
in statistics and experimental research design are required for the degree. Course programs 
are planned by the student and a committee of at least four faculty members. All doctoral 
students are expected to participate in varied research activities within the Department for 
academic credit. Students must take written and oral comprehensive examinations for 
admission to candidacy after completing formal academic coursework. Doctoral students must 
register for at least 12 semester hours of dissertation research credit before completing the 
degree. 

Facilities and Special Resources 

The Department's facilities include: (1) several modem research laboratories equipped to 
support research in the areas of language, acoustic phonetics, physiological phonetics, 
psychoacoustics, speech perception, neuropsychology and brain stem evoked response 
audiometry; (2) an integrated audiovisual laboratory; (3) a Departmental library; and (4) a 
hearing and speech clinic that includes several audiological test suites and diagnostic/therapy 
rooms equipped for observation. Additional research and clinical facilities are available in the 
Washington and Baltimore metropolitan areas. The Library of Congress, the National Library' 
of Medicine and the Ubraries of various medical schools in the Washington-Baltimore area 
supplement the University's libraries at College Park. 

Financial Assistance 

A limited number of graduate assistantships are available through the Department. 
Assistantships that carry teaching, research or chnical responsibilities are awarded on a 
competitive basis. Graduate fellowships are also available. 

Additional Information 

Additional information about the M.A. and Ph.D. programs may be obtained by contacting: 

Chair 

Department of Hearing and Speech Sciences 

University of Maryland 



History Program (HIST) 1 63 



College Park, MD 20742 
(301)405-4214 

For courses, see code HESP. 



History Program (HIST) 

Acting Chair: Foust 

Professors: Belz, Berlin, Brush', Callcott, Cockbum, Foust, Gilbert, Griffith, Lampe, 
Milward, A. Olson, K. Olson, Price, Sparks, Warren, Wright 

Professors Emeriti: Cole, Duffy, Gordon, Harlan, Jashemski, Kent, Merrill, Smith, Yaney 
Associate Professors: Bedos-Rezak, Breslow, Cooperman, Eckstein, Flack, Friedel, Grimsted, 
Gullickson, Harris, Hoffman, Holum, Kaufman, Majeska, Matossian, Mayo, Moss, Parssinen, 
Perinbam, Ridgway, Rozenblit, Spiegel, Stowasser, Sumida, Zilfi 

Assistant Professors: Bradbury, Flynn, Muncy, Nicklason, Rowland, Thompson, Wetzell, 
Williams 

Adjunct Professor: Can- 
Adjunct Associate Professor: Papenfuse 
Affiliate Associate Professor: Struna 

'Joint appointment with Institute for Physical Sciences and Technology 

The Department of History offers programs leading to the degrees of Master of Arts and 
Doctor of Philosophy. Areas of specialization include: United States, Ancient, Medieval, 
Early Modem European, Modem European, British, East Asian, Latin American, Russian, 
Jewish, Diplomatic, Economic, Science, African*, Middle Eastem*, and Women's History.* 

*Fields at the M.A. level only. 

Admission Information 



In addition to the Graduate School requirements. Graduate Record Examination scores are 
required. An undergraduate major in history is not required for admission. 

Master's Degree Requirements 

The Master of Arts degree serves both as a firm grounding in a field of history for teaching 
purposes and as preparation for the pursuit of the doctorate. The Department offers both a 
thesis and a non-thesis option. Departmental requirements for the degree include one section 
of a general seminar (American, European or Comparative World History) and two 800-level 
research seminars. Thirty credit hours are required for the degree. A maximum of nine hours 
of credit may be taken in 400- level courses. 

For those students who select a thesis option, six hours of M.A. thesis research courses 
(HIST 799) are required. There will be a final oral examination confined to the thesis and the 
area in which it lies. Students who select the non-thesis option must take 30 credits (15 in the 



164 History Program (HIST) 



major field, nine in the minor field and six hours of electives), submit two scholarly papers 
to their examining committee and pass a four-hour comprehensive examination in their major 
area. 

Doctoral Degree Requirements 

The student's M.A. examining committee will decide whether a student will be admitted to 
the doctoral program based on the following: his or her record of achievement in coursework, 
a written examination (if required in the student's major area), and a thesis and oral defense, 
or two submitted research papers. Students with M.A. degrees awarded at other institutions 
will be asked to submit substantial evidence of their written work when they apply for 
admission to the doctoral program. Doctoral candidates must complete three sections of the 
General Seminar. Within five semesters after entering the doctoral program, every student 
must pass a general oral and a special field written examination in his or her major area and 
one written field examination in a minor area. These examinations will test for a broad, 
intelligent and informed handling of the major historical problems and literature of that field. 

An oral examination on the student's dissertation prospectus and a bibliography on the 
dissertation field are required. The dissertation is to be understood to constitute the largest 
single portion of the doctoral program; it is expected to be a distinct contribution to historical 
knowledge and/or interpretation. 

All doctoral students must show a reading competence in one foreign language. 

Facilities and Special Resources 

In addition to the field concentrations described above, the Department of History offers 
several forms of specialized training. In the field of historical editing the Department has 
introduced a successful internship course in archival work in conjunction with the National 
Archives. Since 1970, the Department has sponsored a journal of history. The Maryland 
Historian, which features scholarly articles and reviews and provides practical experience for 
graduate students in the production of a journal. The journal was founded and is managed and 
produced by graduate students in the Department of History. The Department also sponsors 
major editorial projects: the Booker T. Washington Papers, the Samuel Gompers Papers, the 
Freedom and Southern Society project, and the Charles Carroll of Carrollton Papers. A 
number of history department graduate students have gained valuable research and editing 
experience on these projects, all of which receive support from the National Historical 
Publications and Records Commission. 

In conjunction with the Department of Philosophy, the Department of History sponsors and 
participates in the Folger Institute of Renaissance and Eighteenth-Century Studies. The 
Institute offers seminars, workshops, conferences, colloquia and lectures for graduate students 
and faculty. The Department of History also participates in the Caesarea excavations. This 
project provides a rich source of thesis and dissertation topics for graduate students in Ancient 
History. 



History Program (HIST) 165 



Financial Assistance 

The Department otters tinancial assistance principally in the form of teaching assistantships 
to outstanding graduate students. These positions vary in number according to the availability 
of funds, but generally about 38 are awarded to students working toward the Ph.D. or M.A. 
degree. Appointment as a teaching assistant provides students an opportunity to work closely 
with faculty members in the teaching of undergraduate survey courses in history. Paid 
internships at regional historical institutions that carry tuition scholarships are also available. 
The Folger Institute also awards fellowships to graduate students, and several of these awards 
have gone to doctoral candidates from the University of Maryland's history department. 

Additional Information 

For complete descriptions of programs and requirements, contact: 

Chair 

Department of History 
University of Maryland 
College Park, MD 20742 
(301) 405-4264 

For courses, see code HIST. 

Concentration in the History and Philosophy of Science 

The Committee on the History and Philosophy of Science supervises graduate study leading 
to the Master of Arts and Doctor of Philosophy degrees in History or Philosophy. Courses 
are offered in a wide range of subjects in the history and philosophy of science and 
technology, and research facilities are available on the College Park campus and in the 
Washington area. For advanced research, the emphasis is on the history and philosophy of 
physical and biological science in the 19th and 20th centuries; history of the philosophy of 
science and scientific ideas; genetics, computer science, geophysics and astronomy; and 
scientific institutions in the United States. Integration of historical and philosophical 
interpretations of science is stressed in both teaching and research. 

While academia is the traditional employer of historians and philosophers of science, other 
opportunities exist with museums, government and industry. Academic opportunities for 
historians and philosophers of science recently have been more plentiful than for historians or 
philosophers in general. While the numbers are small, the Committee has successfully placed 
all of its degree recipients. 

Students should apply for admission to either the History Department or the Philosophy 
Department, indicating History and Philosophy of Science as the field of specialization. Since 
people with diverse backgrounds can be successful in this field, there are no rigid requirements 
for admission; the quality of a student's work in science, history and philosophy, as 
demonstrated not only by grades and test scores but also by papers and independent projects, 
is more important than the number of credit hours in these subjects. But prospective students 
should also be warned that the minimum requirement for doing research in the history and 



166 History Program (HIST) 



philosophy of science covers substantially more areas than normally expected of Ph.D.'s in 
any one of the traditional fields of history, philosophy or a science; it includes training in a 
science equivalent to a B.S. (preferably M.S.) degree, proficiency in both oral and written 
expression and an ability to read at least one foreign language (preferably both French and 
German). 

The Committee also encourages applications from students who do not intend to obtain a 
Ph.D. in history and philosophy of science but desire only the M.A. as preparation for careers 
in science, teaching, government service, technical administration, museum work, etc., or who 
plan to proceed to the Ph.D. in another field. 

A few teaching assistantships are available in the History and Philosophy Departments for 
students who have adequate backgrounds in those subjects. 

Detailed information may be obtained by writing to: 

Chairperson 

Committee on the History and Philosophy of Science 

1131 Skinner Building 

University of Maryland 

College Park, MD 20742 

For courses, see code HIST. 

Studies Leading to the M.A. in History and the M.L.S. 

The Department of History and the College of Library and Information Services (CLIS) 
coordinate two master's degree programs to meet the need for multi-disciplinary graduate 
training for archivists, records managers, manuscript curators, rare book librarians, 
bibliographers, conservation administrators and those wishing to become subject and research 
specialists in academic, special and/or research libraries. Because of the campus' proximity 
to a variety of immensely rich research collections, students are able to gain first-hand 
experiences through internships that reinforce their classroom instruction. 

The sequence of courses leading to the two degrees prepares students to understand the 
intellectual approach of the research scholar through historic training and to meet those 
research needs through the information services offered in CLIS. The coordinated curricula 
provide four main options: 1) archives and records management: 2) curatorship of historical 
collections; 3) scholarly editing and publishing; and 4) reference research and bibliographic 
services. The 54 hours required for the degrees combine 24 hours in each component plus six 
elective hours. The M.A./M.L.S. is a non-thesis program, but students may choose to write 
a thesis when such research enhances their program. 

Admission Information 

Students may apply for admission under the rubric HILS (History-Library Science) either 
through the Department of History or CLIS. Each has a coordinator who serves as a student 
adviser. Since many of these courses are offered in sequence, it is important for students to 



Horticulture Program (HORT) 1 67 



work closely with these advisers. The two degrees are awarded simultaneously, and a student 
who fails to complete the special requirements for the coordinated degree programs may not 
receive either degree. If students subsequently wish to receive only one degree, they must 
transfer from HILS either to the graduate program in History or to the College of Library and 
Information Services and fulfill the normal requirements for the separate M.L.S. 

Financial Assistance 

A few teaching assistantships are available in the Department of History, and the College of 
Library and Information Services has some research assistantships and fellowship aid for 
students in this course of directed study. These are awarded on a competitive basis in both 
components. 

Additional Information 

Detailed information may be obtained by writing to the HILS Coordinator, in either the 
Department of History or the College of Library and Information Services. For courses, see 
code HIST. 

Studies Leading to the Certificate in Historic Preservation 

(See entry after Certificate Programs) 



Horticulture Program (HORT) 

Acting Chair: Gouin 

Professors: Gouin, Ng, Oliver, Quebedeaux, Solomos, Walsh, Wiley 

Professors Emeriti: Link, Scott, Shanks, Stark, Thompson, Twigg 

Associate Professors: Beste. Bouwkamp, Deitzer, McClurg, Pihlak, Scarfo, Schales, 

Schlimme. Swartz 

Assistant Professors: Hamed, Hershey 

Adjunct Professors: Anderson, Gross 

Lecturer: Mityga 

The Department of Horticulture offers graduate study leading to the Master of Science and 
Doctor of Philosophy degrees. Candidates place major emphasis in the areas of fruit, 
vegetable or ornamental crops, or environmental and landscape horticulture. Within these 
commodity areas students may direct their studies and research efforts to mineral nutrition, 
postharvest physiology, genetics and breeding, genetic engineering, chemical growth regulation, 
water relations, tissue culture, plant propagation, histochemistry, photoperiodism and other 
factors affecting production, postharvest handling and preservation of horticultural crops. The 
research activities required for the thesis or dissertation are normally carried out in conjunction 
with the research programs of the Departmental staff. 

The candidate's program may be directed toward a career in research, teaching, extension 
education or industry. Many recent graduates are currently involved in programs at major 
universities; others are teaching at the vocational agriculture and community college level. 



1 68 Horticulture Program (HORT) 



Still others are employed as county agents or specialists with the Cooperative Extension 
Service or work in research and development with the U.S. Government, private industry or 
international agriculture. 

Admission Information 

Students who seek admission should demonstrate undergraduate preparation in horticulture, 
botany, chemistry and supporting agricultural disciplines. Those without this background are 
advised to enroll as undergraduate students to correct these deficiencies. The Graduate Record 
Examination is required. 

Master's Degree Requirements 

The M.S. degree program offers both a thesis and non-thesis option. A graduate student is 
assigned a temporary adviser upon admission and arrival. During the first semester the student 
will select a major adviser, and an advisory committee will be appointed. This committee will 
help the candidate develop a program of courses and research to meet his or her goals and 
aspirations. A comprehensive, oral examination is required for each candidate in the M.S. 
program. 

Doctoral Degree Requirements 

Students entering the doctoral program should have or plan on completing the M.S. degree 
in Horticulture, although presentation of the M.S. in a related plant science field may be 
acceptable. Candidates for the Ph.D. take an oral qualifying examination as well as a final oral 
exam covering the dissertation. 

Facilities and Special Resources 

The College Park campus offers modem laboratory and greenhouse facilities in which 
instrumentation provides for chromatography, spectrophotometry, elemental analysis, histology, 
biotechnology and other procedures. A system for automatically monitoring respiratory gases 
and volatiles is available in connection with controlled atmosphere chambers. Controlled- 
temperature storage and growth chambers provide facilities for postharvest and environmental 
control studies. A large tissue culture lab has been approved for transformation research in 
plants. Greenhouse and plot areas are available for research with floricultural and ornamental 
plants. Orchards for research with fruits are located at the Wye and Western Maryland 
Research and Education Centers; other research studies are conducted cooperatively with fruit 
growers in the western part of the state. Field research with vegetable crops is carried on at 
the Lower Eastern Shore Research and Education Center in Salisbury, and with fruit and 
vegetable crops at both the Wye Research and Education Center in Queenstown and the 
Central Maryland Research and Education Center in Upper Marlboro. 

The Belts ville Agricultural Research Center (ARS) of the U.S. Department of Agriculture, 
located three miles from the campus, provides opportunities to attend seminars, conferences 
and workshops, and to conduct cooperative research with the USDA Beltsville ARS Center 
scientists. In addition, the National Agricultural Library at the Research Center is available 
to graduate students and faculty. 



Human Development Education Program (EDHD) 169 



Financial Assistance 

Some graduate students are supported with financial aid. Research and teaching 
assistantships are offered on a comp>etitive basis to students on full admission status, as 
available. All graduate assistants are expected to assist in the teaching program of the 
Department, and those in the M.S. program will follow the thesis option. 

Additional Information 

For more specific information, please contact: 

Chair 

Department of Horticulture 

1120 Holzapfel Hall 

University of Mar>'land 

College Park, MD 20742 

(301)405-4357 

For courses, see code HORT. 



Human Development Education Program (EDHD) 

Chair: Hardy 

Professors: Eliot. Fox. Guthne. Hardy. Forges. Pressley. Seefeldt. Tomey-Purta 

Professors Emeriti: Bowie, Dittman, Goering, Hatfield. Morgan 

Associate Professors: Bennett. Flatter. Gardner. Holloway. Huebner. Marcus. Robertson- 

Tchabo. Tyler 

Assistant Professors: Byrnes. Green. Hunt. Smith. Wentzel. Wigfield 

The purpose of the Department of Human Development/Institute for Child Study and of its 
graduate program is to contribute to basic knowledge, to the synthesis of knowledge, and to 
the integration of knowledge with practice and policy in the multidisciplinan,' field of human 
development and educational psychology. This includes the fields concerned with human 
psychobiological functioning, learning and cognitive behavior, socialization and social 
development, and the growth of personality through the life span. The specializations of the 
faculty include infant and early childhood development, educational psychology, cognitive 
development and learning strategies, achievement motivation, socialization during adolescence, 
cross-cultural studies, parenting, conflict resolution, and adult development and aging. 

The Department of Human Development/Institute for Child Study offers graduate programs 
leading to Master of Education. Master of Arts. Doctor of Philosophy. Doctor of Education 
degrees and Advanced Graduate Specialist Certificate (a planned program of 30 graduate hours 
beyond the master's degree). The research oriented M.A. (with thesis) and the Ph.D. degree 
programs in human development are designed to develop competencies in the theoretical areas 
of biological, cognitive, social, and personality development studied w ithin socio-cultural and 
educational contexts. The practice-oriented M.Ed., M.A. without thesis, and Ed.D. programs 
are designed to develop competencies in identifying implications of the scientific knowledge 



170 Human Development Education Program (EDHD) 



of human development for specific situations and contexts through training in design, 
management, delivery and evaluation of human services programs. All degrees can be 
completed through part-time study. 

The program provides the scientific knowledge of human growth and development which 
prepares graduates for positions such as faculty in institutions of higher education (including 
community colleges and schools of nursing), human service specialists in community agencies, 
educational psychologists serving in schools and education agencies, and research-oriented 
professionals in private, policy, or advocacy organizations. 

Admission Information 

Admission to the master's program requires a 3.0 undergraduate grade point average and the 
submission of the Miller Analogies Test or Graduate Record Examination scores. Full 
admission to the Doctoral or A.G.S. program requires a 3.0 undergraduate grade point average; 
a 3.5 grade point average in previous graduate studies; and a score at the 40th percentile (or 
above) on the Miller Analogies Test or Graduate Record Examination. Three letters of 
reference and a statement of purpose must also be submitted. Because the doctorate requires 
the development of an advanced level of research skills, the majority of students admitted to 
the program have some previous background in social science research and standardized test 
scores (GRE or MAT) at or above the 70th percentile. Students who do not meet all 
requirements for doctoral admission may apply for the M.A. program and then apply for the 
doctoral program after completing required courses. 

Master's Degree Requirements 

The M.A. program requires 30 credit hours and offers both a thesis option (24 hours of 
courses plus 6 hours of thesis) and a non-thesis option (24 hours of courses plus 6 hours of 
supervised placement in an organization and accompanying papers). The M.Ed, program 
substitutes seminar papers for the thesis or placement requirement. Courses in biological, 
social, cognitive and personality development and in quantitative methods as well as a written 
comprehensive examination are required for all master's degrees. 

Doctoral Degree Requirements 

The Ph.D. and Ed.D. degrees require 90 hours of credit. Courses in biological, social, 
cognitive, and personality development and in intermediate statistics and research methods are 
required. There is a written 6-hour preliminary examination, usually given in the second or 
third year, and a comprehensive examination given near the end of the program. 

Following successful completion of core courses and the preliminary examination, a faculty 
committee approves the student's course program (including up to 30 hours of relevant course 
credit from a master's degree taken at the University of Maryland or other accredited 
institutions). The dissertation research must be summarized in a paper suitable for submission 
to a professional journal (Ph.D.) or conference (Ed.D.). 



Journalism Program (JOUR) 171 



Facilities and Special Resources 

The Washington, D.C., area and the University of Maryland are rich in resources for 
graduate study in human development. The faculty of the Department is multi-disciplinary, 
representing the broad range of developmental sciences, educational psychology, and related 
fields. There are programs of funded research, field service programs, and internship 
experiences available in cooperation with agencies and schools. 

The Department manages the campus Center for Young Children, and has two major 
developmental assessment laboratories through which students gain first-hand experience in 
the assessment of infants and young children and in conducting studies in educational 
psychology. The College of Education provides resources including an Educational 
Technology Center. 

Financial Assistance 

Departmental students are supported on competitively awarded University-wide and special 
Department fellowships as well as on Departmental teaching and research assistantships. The 
Department participates fully in all programs to support graduate study by minority group 
members. All applications for financial assistance for the Fall semester should be submitted 
by February 1. 

Additional Information 

A complete description of the Human Development Program is available from: 

Director of Graduate Studies 
Department of Human Development 
University of Maryland 
College Park, MD 20742-1131 
(301) 405-2827 

For courses, see code EDHD. 



Journalism Program (JOUR) 

Dean: Cleghom 

Professors: Beasley, Blumler, Cleghom, J. Grunig, Gurevitch, Hiebert, Holman, Levy, 

Roberts 

Professors Emeriti: Crowell, Martin 

Associate Professors: Barkin, L. Grunig, Stepp, Zanot 

Assistant Professors: McAdams, Newhagen, Paterson, Roche, Smith, Zerbinos 

The College of Journalism offers a Master of Arts and a Doctor of Philosophy degree in 
Journalism. The master's degree is designed for students who wish to deepen their 
understanding of communication professions and their preparation for those professions. It 
thus includes advanced practical courses and courses in communication theory and research. 



172 Journalism Program (JOUR) 



M.A. students can specialize in public affairs reporting, public relations, international 
communication, science communication, broadcast journalism, advertising, opinion and 
evaluative research or political communication. 

The Ph.D. in the College of Journalism is a research oriented degree that prepares students 
for careers in university teaching, academic and industry research, and communications 
consulting. Areas of specialization include mass communication theory, international 
communication, communication policy, public relations, and media history. Doctoral students 
are expected to have some professional experience in journalism or other communication areas. 

Admission Information 

Applicants seeking admission to the master's program should hold a bachelor's degree from 
a recognized institution of higher learning. Undergraduate study of journalism and 
professional experience in journalistic fields are helpful but not required. Students who have 
majored in some other field as undergraduates are required to make up professional 
deficiencies by taking up to five selected courses in journalism without graduate credit. 
Completion of the general aptitude portion of the Graduate Record Examination is required, 
and three letters of recommendation must be submitted. 



Master's Degree Requirements 

The master's degree is a 30-credit program with the typical student taking 12 hours of 
graduate work in the fall, 12 hours in the spring, and six hours of thesis or non-thesis option 
seminars in the summer or during an additional semester. Work on the degree may be started 
at any time. JOUR 600 and JOUR 601 are required for the M.A. in Journalism. 

Doctoral Degree Requirements 

A master's degree in journalism, communication, or a related field is a prerequisite to 
admission to the Ph.D. program. In the doctoral program, students are required to take JOUR 
700 (Introduction to Doctoral Study), at least nine hours of research methods, at least fifteen 
hours of journalism courses or courses in closely related fields, nine hours of cognate work, 
pass a preliminary comprehensive exam, and complete a dissertation. 

Facilities and Special Resources 

The University of Maryland is in an advantageous location for the study of journalism. It 
is within easy reach of five of the nation's top newspapers: The Sun and Evening Sun of 
Baltimore, The Washington Post, The Washington Times and USA Today. The Washington 
press corps and the large Washington bureaus of the Associated Press and United Press 
International, The New York Times and many important American and foreign newspapers are 
also near the campus. NBC, CBS, ABC and other broadcasting news bureaus, in addition to 
news magazines, major book publishing offices, public relations departments in corporations, 
government agencies, associations, scientific organizations, and public relations and advertising 
agencies provide unlimited opportunities to students in the jounalism program. In addition, 
the university is at the doorstep of the nation's major news makers in the executive, legislative 



Kinesiology Program (KNES) 173 



and judicial branches of the federal government. The College has recently opened a student- 
staffed news bureau in Annapolis, from which graduate students cover the legislature and state 
government for Maryland newspapers and radio stations. A similar, student-run news bureau 
is planned for Washington, D.C. The College also publishes the Washington Journalism 
Review, a highly respected, national media magazine with a circulation of 30.0(K). and editorial 
home for the Journal of Communication. 

Special facilities include photographic, electronic, broadcasting, news editing and advertising 
laboratories as well as a reading room with daily and weekly newspapers, magazines, clippings 
and bulletin files. The College's Center for Research in Public Communication engages in and 
supports a variety of research projects on topics of interest to the faculty and the Center's 
research associates. 

Financial Assistance 

The College of Journalism offers a limited number of assistantships in exchange for teaching 
or research assistance in journalism of up to 20 hours per week. Internships both on and off 
campus are also available to journalism graduate students, as well as fellowships and 
scholarships. 

Additional Information 

Specific information about the Journalism Program is available on request from: 

College of Journalism 
Office of Graduate Studies 
University of Maryland 
College Park, MD 20742 
(301) 405-2380 

For courses, see code JOUR. 



Kinesiology Program (KNES) 

Chair: Clarke 

Professors: Clarke, Dotson, Kelley, Sloan, Steel, Vaccaro 

Professors Emeriti: Eyler, Humphrey, Husman 

Associate Professors: Clark, Hagberg, Hatfield, Hult. Hurley, Phillips, 

Santa Maria, Struna, Wrenn 

Assistant Professors: Arrighi, Caldwell, Chalip, Ennis, Ryder, Tyler, 

VanderVelden 

Lecturers: Brown. Scott 

The graduate student majoring in Kinesiology may pursue the Master of Arts (thesis and 
non-thesis options) or Doctor of Philosophy degrees. The two major objectives of these 
programs are: (1) to study the discipline of kinesiology by examining the effects of physical 
activity on individuals from physiological, biomechanical, psychological, social and historical 



174 Kinesiology Program (KNES) 



points of view; and (2) to acquaint the student with curricular aspects of physical education, 
to improve the quahty of teaching and to offer the student ways of improving the 
administration and supervision of programs in schools and colleges. 

The graduate program is organized into three divisions offering major areas of specialization 
as follows: (1) Division of Sport Studies including social history of sport, sport psychology, 
philosophy of sport, sociology of sport and sport management (M.A. only); (2) Division of 
Biophysical Studies with specialties in exercise physiology, motor learning (M.A. only), motor 
development and biomechanics; and (3) Division of Curricular Studies with emphasis on 
curriculum/instruction. 

Admission Information 

The minimum requirement for admission to the M.A. program in kinesiology is a B or 3.0 
average for the last two years of undergraduate study both in the major and related subject 
fields. Students who do not meet this requirement may be admitted provisionally. 
Undergraduate prerequisites for advanced study in kinesiology include physiology of exercise, 
kinesiology, statistics and two courses from a discretionary pool. Students without these 
courses may register as special students or be admitted provisionally with limited course 
deficiencies. The Graduate Record Examination (GRE) is required for admission (GMAT or 
GRE for Sport Management). 

Admission to the Ph.D. program is based on satisfactory preparation for advanced graduate 
work and a demonstrated potential for scholarly achievement. Standards for admission include 
a grade point average of B+ (3.5 on a 4.0 point scale) in previous graduate work, with at least 
a 3.0 overall average in the final two years of undergraduate study. The GRE is also required 
for admission. A student may be admitted on a provisional basis in those cases where special 
qualifications are apparent from letters of recommendation and documentation of special 
backgrounds but where the scholastic standards stated above are not met in their entirety. 

Master's Degree Requirements 

Completion of the master's degree (thesis option) requires a minimum of 24 semester hours, 
exclusive of the required six hours of thesis credit. Six credits are required in the KNES 
specialty area (Sport Psychology, Exercise Physiology, etc.) with six additional KNES hours 
required. Six credits of research processes courses are also required. Twelve elective credits 
may also be taken within or outside the major department. Full-time students usually complete 
the master's degree in two years. 

Students who choose the non-thesis option must also complete a minimum of 30 semester 
hours. Six credits of research processes courses that support the major subject matter area are 
required as well as a minimum of six credit hours in the KNES major specialty. Fifteen 
elective credits may be taken within or outside the major department. Students must also 
complete an independent investigation project under the direction of a graduate faculty 
member. In addition, students must pass a final comprehensive examination. 



Kinesiology Program (KNES) 1 75 



Doctoral Degree Requirements 

The primary emphasis of the doctoral program is to provide the student with the necessary 
knowledge and skills to conduct quality research in a subdiscipline of kinesiology. These 
subdisciplines (specializations) have been listed above. No minimum credit hours or 
experiences for these specializations are prescribed. However, a minimum of 60 credit hours 
beyond the master's degree is required. This total includes 12 credit hours for the dissertation. 
Actual credit hour totals are based upon the student's previous experience and future goals, 
thus var>ing from student to student. 

Students must demonstrate competency in research, including a basic understanding of the 
scientific method. Normally, this competency includes a demonstration and understanding of 
research processes, quantitative methods of analysis and the principles underlying statistical 
aspects of experimental and non-experimental designs in Kinesiology. No foreign language 
is formally required for the Ph.D. degree, but it may be required by advisers when a student's 
specialization is heavily supported by foreign language journals. 

Facilities and Special Resources 

The Department maintains a modem research laboratory including, but not limited to: 
psychophysiological influences in exercise and sport: graphical analysis and modeling of 
human movement; learning and developmental influences on performance of motor tasks; 
assessment of body composition, blood constituent variations, cardiovascular and pulmonarv' 
functions and environmental factors. In addition, small animal paradigms and quantitative and 
naturalistic examination of the teaching-learning process are also supported. The College of 
Health and Human Performance also supports a microcomputer laboratorv- that includes two 
local networks (IBM and Apple), each of which is connected to the campus' mainframe 
network. Numerous IBM and Apple workstations are housed within the laboratory. 

Financial Assistance 

A number of graduate assistantships are offered each year. Specific responsibilities include 
teaching or assisting in the research laboratory. 

Additional Information 

For further information and application, contact: 

David L. Kelley 
Director of Graduate Studies 
Department of Kinesiology 
University of Mar}'land 
College Park, MD 20742 
(301)405-2455 

For courses, see code KNES. 



1 76 Library and Information Services Program (LBSC) 



Library and Information Services Program (LBSC) 

Dean: Walston 

Professors: Burke, Liesener, MacLeod, Soergel, Walston, Wasserman 

Professors Emeriti: Heilprin, Kidd, Wellisch 

Associate Professors: Marchionini, White 

Assistant Professors: Abels, Green, Jeng, Neuman 

Lecturers: Barlow, Cunningham, Wilson 

The College of Library and Information Services offers programs leading to the Master of 
Library Science (M.L.S.) degree and the Ph.D. in Library and Information Services; a joint 
degree of the M.A. in History and the M.L.S. for advanced studies in the field of archives, 
manuscripts and historical collections (for details see the entry in this catalog following 
History); and a joint degree of the M.A. in Geography and the M.L.S. (for details see the entry 
in this catalog under Geography). The College, which is fully accredited by the American 
Library Association, also provides courses, seminars and workshops for non-degree students 
who are seeking continuing education and professional development opportunities. 

The degree programs emphasize the theoretical and conceptual foundations of the field. The 
application of the results of scholarly research are related to current practices and are analyzed 
with the goal of advancing the quality and scope of services in a variety of information 
settings. Specialized study opportunities are offered in such information organizations as 
public, academic, special and school libraries, and/or in subfields such as automated 
applications, reference services (conventional and online), archival and records management, 
the organization of knowledge, and information storage and retrieval. Students who complete 
the school media specialization usually obtain Maryland state certification as Educational 
Media Generalists, Level II. The academic program can be augmented with professional, 
supervised experience through a field study at approved sites such as federal agencies, public 
libraries, schools, corporations, and professional associations. 

Admission Information 

Applicants must submit scores for the Graduate Record Exam and letters of recommendation. 
The applicant's undergraduate record, major discipline, work experience and statement of 
purpose are also required to form the basis for the admission decision. 

Master's Degree Requirements 

Master's candidates must complete 36 credit hours with a 3.0 grade point average within 
three years from initial registration in the program. No thesis or comprehensive examination 
is required for the M.L.S. All students must complete four core courses (600, 611, 603, or 
630; 651; 671; and 690 or 691) which introduce the student to the broad range of disciplines 
fundamental to library science. Under the supervision of a faculty adviser, the remaining eight 
courses are selected to fulfill the student's professional goals. The student may, with the 
consent of the adviser, take courses in other campus departments and through the consortium. 
The program accepts both part-time and full-time students. Most M.L.S. courses are offered 
at night on a regular rotation. 



Library and Information Services Program (LBSC) 1 77 



Doctoral Degree Requirements 

The doctoral program is interdisciplinary and utilizes the resources of the entire campus. 
The student and adviser design a program of study and research that supports the student's 
professional objectives. Approximately three years of full-time study are required, normally 
divided into two years of formal coursework (60 semester hours, or 36 beyond the master's) 
and one year of work on the dissertation. At least one year, usually the first, must be spent 
in full-time residence. 

A doctoral qualifying examination is required at the conclusion of the first year to determine 
the student's ability to complete the Program. After completion of the required course credits 
and prior to admission to candidacy, the student must pass written comprehensive examinations 
in five areas. An oral defense of the dissertation is required prior to the awarding of the 
degree. 

The College has no language requirements unless the individual student's specialization or 
dissertation requires it. 

Facilities and Special Resources 

The College maintains its own library, which is organized to give faculty, students and 
research staff the kind of modem support service provided by other forward-looking agencies. 
The University's excellent Computer Science facility and the College's Information Processing 
Laboratory serve as resources for faculty and student research as well as for instruction in 
library automation and information processing within both main-frame and microcomputing 
environments. The Instructional Development and Support Center, a non-print media facility, 
provides a lab for audiovisual production. 

Financial Assistance 

The College offers a limited number of scholarships, fellowships, and assistantships both on 
and off campus. Through the Southern Regional Educational Board, in-state tuition fees for 
the Ph.D. program may be available for students from Alabama, Mississippi, South Carolina, 
Virginia and West Virginia. Information on the availability of financial aid may be requested 
from the Director of Student Services, College of Library and Information Services. 

Additional Information 

For specific information on the library science programs, admission procedures or financial 
aid, contact: 

Director of Student Services 
Room 4110, Hombake Library 
University of Maryland 
College Park, MD 20742-4345 
(301) 405-2038 

For courses, see code LBSC. 



178 Linguistics Program (LING) 



Linguistics Program (LING) 

Professor and Chair: Lightfoot 

Associate Professors: Homstein, Weinberg 

Assistant Professors: Gorrell, Inkelas, Lebeaux, Uriagereka 

Adjunct Professors: Anderson, Bemdt, Burzio, Caramazza 

The Linguistics Department offers graduate study leading to the Master of Arts and Doctor 
of Philosophy degrees. Students are exposed to a research enterprise that seeks to discover 
of what a person's linguistic capacity consists: how it arises in children; how it functions in 
speaking and listening; how it relates to other cognitive capacities; and how it can be 
investigated by various methods including those of experimental psychology and computer 
science. 

The Program has some distinctive emphases: 1) Students must develop a minor area of 
specialization; 2) The psychological embedding of linguistic theories and on cross-language 
work are emphasized; 3) Special provisions are made for students who start graduate work 
with a thorough background in linguistics and clear ideas about their research plans; 4) The 
Department desires students who are native speakers of a language that has not been 
extensively analyzed and who wish to work on a grammar of that language. 

Admission Information 

Students with a strong undergraduate background in areas such as linguistics, mathematics, 
psychology, computer science, philosophy, anthropology, English and foreign languages are 
invited to apply. Students must have a background equivalent to what is covered in the core 
of the bachelor' s degree in Linguistics (essentially two semesters of generative syntax and two 
semesters of phonology). Students who lack this background may be admitted with 
"Provisional Graduate Status" and take undergraduate courses in syntax and phonology along 
with graduate-level courses for which they meet the prerequisites. 

Master's Degree Requirements 

M.A. students take a total of 36 credits: 21 credits in linguistics and nine credits in an area 
such as biology, computer science, language pathology, philosophy, psychology or a particular 
language for the minor area of specialization. In addition, either a thesis or two 
comprehensive papers in distinct areas of language study will be written. 

Doctoral Degree Requirements 

Ph.D. students normally satisfy the requirements for the M.A., although the thesis/two 
comprehensive papers may be waived for students who have clear research plans and who 
apply directly to the Ph.D. program. Students must complete 1 2 credits in linguistics at the 
800-level and six 600-level credits in non-LING courses. After completing course 
requirements, students write a research paper that demonstrates a capacity for productive 
research, makes an original contribution to the field and normally forms the basis for the 
dissertation research. After satisfactory completion of the research paper, students write a 
dissertation. 



Marine-Estuarine-Environmental Sciences Program (MEES) 1 79 



Facilities and Special Resources 

The Department houses a new phonetics laboratory and the Linguistics Research Laboratory 
for work in experimental psycholinguistics and computational linguistics. 

Financial Assistance 

The Linguistics Department administers a number of teaching and research assistantships. 
Students may also express an interest in teaching assistantships in other departments for which 
our students often compete successfully. 

Additional Information 

Application materials and a brochure outlining further details of the program can be obtained 
from: 

Chair 

Department of Linguistics 
University of Maryland 
College Park, MD 20742 
(301) 405-7002 

For courses, see code LDsIG. 



Marine-Estuarine-Environmental Sciences Program (MEES) 

Director: Sebens 

Faculty: Bennett, Burnett, Lipsky, Nauman, Speedie, Williams (UMAB); Bradley, Cronin, 
Sokolove, Wise (UMBC); Angle, Armstrong, Benesch, Birkner, Clark, Colwell, Helz, Hetrick, 
Inouye, Kearney, Kuenzel, Kuss, Leatherman, Ma, Marcus, Mench, Nelson, Ottinger, 
Patterson, Pierce, Ponnamperuma, Popper, Reaka-Kudla, Roberson, Russek, Sebens, Siegrist, 
Small, Soares, Strand, Tuthill, Weil, Weiner, Wheaton (UMCP); Ahmad, Bashore, Bass, 
Brooks, Counts, Gupta, Hopkins, Rebach, Thatcher (UMES); Gates, Genys, Harman, 
Hoogland, McKaye (Appalachian Environmental Lab); Chen, Fletcher, Singleton (Center of 
Marine Biotechnology); Anderson, Boynton, Brandt, Capone, Costanza, Dawson, D'Elia, 
Gooch. Houde, Mihursky, Rice, Roesijadi, Rothschild, Tsai, Tuttle, Ulanowicz, Wright 
(Chesapeake Biological Lab); Boicourt, Chai, Chao, Ducklow, Fisher, Gilbert, Harrell, Hocutt, 
Kemp, Kennedy, Lessard, Malone, Newell, Purcell, Rivkin, Roman, Sanford, Stevenson, 
Heukelem (Horn Point Environmental Laboratories) 

The university- wide graduate program in Marine-Estuarine-Environmental Sciences (MEES) 
offers Master of Science (with thesis) and Doctor of Philosophy degrees and is designed to 
meet the needs of students who wish to pursue studies on the interactions among biological, 
physico-chemical and human systems. Areas of emphasis involve organisms living in marine, 
estuarine or terrestrial environments and their interactions with chemical and physical 
influences. Areas of specialization include estuarine and marine science, oceanography, 
community ecology, environmental chemistry, environmental microbiology, environmental 



180 Marine-Estuarine-Environmental Sciences Program (MEES) 



toxicology, environmental and resource economics, environmental management, marine and 
environmental biotechnology, and fisheries and wildlife management. 

Graduates find employment in various federal and state environmental agencies. In addition, 
academic and private research institutions and commercial interests concerned with the 
development and use of coastal, estuarine and ocean resources find graduates well prepared 
for a variety of positions. 

Admission Information 

In addition to the Graduate School admission requirements, applicants must submit scores 
from the Graduate Record Examination. An overall G.P.A. of 3.0 or better is required. The 
applicant's written statement of personal goals is most important in the admissions process. 
Degree work may be pursued on a part-time basis. 

The program is interdisciplinary, and the course of study will be tailored to the individual 
student's needs as determined by that student's advisory committee. There are several specific 
prerequisites, some of which may be satisfied through coursework after the student is admitted 
to the program. All degree candidates must take statistics and complete an approved graduate 
level course in each of the four distribution areas: biology, chemistry, physical sciences and 
management. Course credit requirements and research are not in excess of general Graduate 
School requirements for the M.S. and Ph.D. 

Master's Degree Requirements 

The specific requirements for the master's degree are as follows: 1) A minimum of 30 
semester hours, including at least 6 hours of thesis research (MEES 799), must be taken at the 
400 level or higher. Of the 24 hours of course work, at least 12 hours must be at the 600 
level or higher; 2) One approved course must be taken in each of three of the four distribution 
areas. Courses must be at the 600 level or higher; 3) An approved course in statistics; 4) One 
seminar course (MEES 608 or equivalent) is required each year of enrollment in the MEES 
Program; 5) An oral defense of the thesis, administered according to Graduate School 
regulations, must be taken at the completion of the research project. This examination will 
be conducted when the student has completed all other requirements for the degree. There are 
no comprehensive examinations required for the M.S. degree unless stipulated by the advisory 
committee. 

Doctoral Degree Requirements 

The specific requirements for the doctoral degree are as follows: 1) A minimum of 24 
semester hours must be taken at the 400 level or higher. Of the 24 hours of course work, at 
least 12 must be at the 600 level or higher. Work taken in fulfillment of the requirements for 
a master's degree is applied against this requirement. Additional course work may be 
recommended or required by the advisory committee; 2) One approved course (600 level or 
higher) must be taken in each of the four distribution areas; 3) An approved course in 
statistics; 4) One seminar course (MEES 608 or equivalent) is required for each year or 
enrollment in the program; 5) A minimum of 12 semester hours of dissertation research 
(MEES 899) must be completed; 6) Although not required, one or more courses in computer 



Marine-Estuarine-Environmental Sciences Program (MEES) 181 



science or computer applications is strongly recommended; 7) Reading knowledge of foreign 
languages may be recommended by the advisory committee if the student's research program 
requires it. 

Formal application for advancement to candidacy for the doctoral degree requires successful 
completion of both a comprehensive examination and an oral defense of the research proposal. 
The comprehensive exam must be passed before the student can defend the dissertation 
proposal. 

Facilities and Special Resources 

Facilities and faculty throughout the statewide university system participate in the program. 
The degree candidate may take courses on any campus and will have an advisory committee 
which can be composed of participating MEES faculty from several locations, including 
laboratories of the University's Center for Environmental and Estuarine Studies (CEES) and 
the Center of Marine Biotechnology (COMB). Research programs may also be conducted at 
off-campus sites, including the laboratories of CEES (Chesapeake Biological Laboratory, Horn 
Point and Appalachian Environmental Laboratories) and COMB. 

Campus facilities include well-equipped laboratories for research in most areas of 
environmental sciences. Maryland has an active Sea Grant research program, and students in 
marine and estuarine work have access to laboratory-equipped research vessels for work on 
the Chesapeake Bay and in other areas. In addition, students will find their work greatly 
enhanced by the ties most faculty members maintain with many government laboratories and 
agencies in the Washington-Baltimore area. Library resources are among the best in the nation 
due to the proximity of the National Agricultural Library and the Library of Congress, along 
with the University of Maryland System libraries and several other specialized libraries unique 
to the area. 

Financial Assistance 

Financial assistance in the form of teaching and research assistantships (through participating 
departments and the CEES laboratories), as well as some fellowships, may be available to 
exceptionally qualified candidates. 

Additional Information 

For additional information, contact: 

Dr. Kenneth P. Sebens, Director 
MEES Program Office 
Symons Hall 
University of Maryland 
College Park, MD 20742 
(301) 405-6938 

For courses, see code MEES. 



1 82 Mathematical Statistics Program (STAT) 



Mathematical Statistics Program (STAT) 

Director: Slud 

Professors: Freidlin, Kagan, Mikulski, Slud, Syski, Wei, Yang 

Associate Professors: Kedem, Smith 

Assistant Professors: Fakhre-Zakeri, Lee 

The Statistics Program offers the Master of Arts and Doctor of Philosophy degrees for 
graduate study and research in statistics and probability. Areas of faculty research activity 
include statistical decision and estimation theory, biostatistics, stochastic modeling, robust and 
nonparametric inference, analysis of variance, theory and inference for stochastic processes, 
stochastic analysis and time series. Students may concentrate in applied or theoretical statistics 
by selecting an appropriate sequence of courses and a research area to form an individual plan 
of study. The Program has been designed with sufficient flexibility to accommodate the 
student's background and interests. The Program also offers students from other disciplines 
an opportunity to select a variety of statistics courses to supplement their own study. 

The Program is administratively affiliated with the Department of Mathematics, which 
maintains the records of all students in the Statistics Program and handles correspondence with 
those applying for admission. However, any application for admission must indicate clearly 
that the student wishes to enter the Statistics Program. 

Employment prospects for statisticians continue to brighten. All recent M.A. and Ph.D. 
graduates of Maryland's STAT Program have found jobs in academia, government, and private 
industry. 

Admission Information 

In addition to the Graduate School requirements, applicants with at least a B average (3.0 
on a 4.0 scale) should have completed an undergraduate program of study that included a 
strong emphasis on rigorous mathematics or statistics. Mathematical preparation at least 
through the level of advanced calculus will normally be considered sufficient demonstration 
of the expected mathematical background. In special cases, students may be provisionally 
admitted without having fulfilled the general admission requirements if he/she can demonstrate 
potential success in the Program through other criteria. The Graduate Record Examination is 
not required for admission, but applicants who have taken this examination are required to 
supply their score. 

Master's Degree Requirements 

The M.A. degree program offers both a thesis and non-thesis option. For the non-thesis 
option, a student must complete 30 credit hours with at least a B average; at least 18 of these 
credits must be at the graduate level (600/700 level) and at least 12 of the graduate credits 
must be in statistics. 

The student must also pass the Mathematics Department written examination in probability, 
mathematical statistics and applied statistics or any field of mathematics. The student may 
take either the separate M.A. written examination or the Ph.D. written examination, which 



Mathematical Statistics Program (STAT) 1 83 



requires a lower score to pass. These examinations can be taken only twice. However, any 
attempt during the first two years of graduate work is considered a "free try." The student 
must also submit a satisfactory short scholarly paper. 

For the thesis option, a student must: (1) complete 24 credit hours with at least 15 at the 
600/700 level (of these 15 hours, at least 12 hours must be in statistics); (2) maintain an 
average grade of B or better; (3) take six hours of STAT 799 (Research) in addition to (1); 
(4) write a satisfactory thesis; and (5) pass a final oral examination. There is no foreign 
language requirement for M.A. students. 

Doctoral Degree Requirements 

The M.A. degree is not required for admission to the Ph.D. program. A doctoral student 
must complete a minitnum of 36 hours of formal courses (at least 27 at the 600/700 level) 
with an average of B or better; at least 18 of the graduate credits must be taken in statistics. 
In addition, the university requires at least 12 hours of STAT 899 (Doctoral Research). 

The Ph.D. student must take a written examination in probability, statistics and any third 
field of mathematics. Like the M.A. degree, the written examination can be taken only twice, 
but any attempt during the first two years of graduate work is considered a "free try." The 
written examination is given by the Mathematics Department twice a year in January and 
August. 

If successful in this written examination, the student must pass an oral examination. 
Administered by the statistics faculty, the oral examination usually takes place a year after the 
student passes the written examination. This examination serves as a test of the student's in- 
depth preparation in the area of specialization and his or her research potential. Successful 
completion of the oral exam indicates that the student is ready to begin writing the doctoral 
dissertation. In addition, the Department requires a reading competence in two foreign 
languages for the Ph.D. The student may select any two of three languages: French, German 
or Russian. Administered and graded by the Mathematics Department, the language 
examination consists of translating foreign mathematical texts into competent English. 

To be admitted to candidacy, the Ph.D. student must pass the written examination, the oral 
examination and at least one of the two language examinations. The second language 
examination must be completed before the candidate's final oral examination on the 
dissertation. 

Facilities and Special Resources 

The Program cooperates closely with the Mathematics Department and the Interdisciplinary 
Applied Mathematics Program. The Program's faculty are actively involved in research in 
applied and theoretical areas of statistics and maintain close ties with applied scientists in 
several federal agencies. The Program, jointly with the Computer Science Center, runs a 
Statistical Laboratory which provides statistical expertise to researchers, both on and off 
campus. The Program regularly sponsors two seminars, one on statistics and probability and 
one on stochastic processes. In addition, each term a faculty-student workshop covers a topic 
of current statistical interest. 



1 84 Mathematics Program (MATH) 



By scheduling many of its applied and masters level courses in late-afternoon time slots, the 
Program facilitates and invites part-time graduate study. 

Financial Assistance 

Graduate assistantships are awarded to graduate students in the Statistics Program through 
the Mathematics Department. At present. Statistics students hold approximately 10 out of 92 
assistantships within the Mathematics Department. The teaching load is six hours each 
semester, in addition to the duties of meeting with students and grading papers. A number of 
fellowships and research assistantships are also available, and from time to time advanced 
students are placed into research assistantships as data analysts or statistical consultants with 
other campus units such as the Statistics Laboratory, run jointly by the Statistics Program and 
the Computer Science Center. 

Additional Information 

In addition to brochures and publications of the Mathematics Department, which include 
information about Statistics faculty and graduate courses, the Statistics Program offers a 
brochure, "Educational Policies of the Mathematical Statistics Program." 

For more information, contact: 

Director, Statistics Program 
1105 Mathematics Building 
University of Maryland 
College Park, MD 20782 
(301) 405-5061 

For courses, see code STAT. 



Mathematics Program (MATH) 

Chair: Johnson 

Professors: W. Adams, Alexander, Antman, Auslander, Babuska', Benedetto, Berenstein, 

Brin, Chu, Cohen, Cook, Cooper, Correl, Ellis, Fey", Fitzpatrick, Freidlin, Goldberg, 

Goldhaber, Goldman, Gray, Green, Greenberg, Gromov, Grove, Gulick, Hamilton, Herb, 

Herman, Horvath, Hummel, Johnson, Jones, Kagan, Kedem, Kellogg', King, Kirwan, 

Kleppner, Kudla, Kueker, Lay, Lehner, Lipsman, Lopez-Escobar, Markley, Mikulski, Millson, 

Neri. Olver', Osbom, Owings, Rohrlich, Rosenberg, Rudolph, Schafer, Slud, Sweet, Syski, 

Washington, Wei, Wolfe, Wolpert, Yakobson, Yang, Yorke, Zedek 

Associate Professors: J. Adams, Berg, Boyle, Coombes, Dancis, Efrat, Glaz, Grebogi', 

Grillakis, Helzer, Maddocks, Nochetto', Pego, Sather, Schneider, Smith, Warner, 

Winkelnkemper 

Assistant Professors: Chang, Currier, Fakhre-Zakeri, Laskowski, Lee, Li, Stuck, von 

Petersdorf', Wang, Wu 

Adjunct Professors: Rinzel, Shanks 



Mathematics Program (MATH) 1 85 



'Joint appointment with the Institute for Physical Science and Technology 
"Joint appointment with Secondan, Education 

Three programs currently comprise the Mathematics Department: the Mathematics Program 
(MATH), the Interdisciplinar\ Applied Mathematics Program (MAPL). and the Mathematical 
Statistics Program (STAT). Students applying for admission should use the appropriate 
symbol to indicate their program of interest. The Statistics Program is concerned with 
mathematical statistics and probability. The Interdisciplinary Applied Mathematics Program 
is described in detail elsewhere in this catalog, but. as its name implies, is concerned with the 
interaction between mathematics and applied areas. It is directed by the Graduate Applied 
Mathematics Committee but administered by the Mathematics Department. 

Students can earn Master of Arts and Doctor of Philosophy degrees in each of these 
programs. The master's degree is not required for entrance to the Ph.D. program. 

The Department offers graduate programs in algebra, complex analysis, geometry, 
mathematical logic, number theory, numerical analysis, ordinary differential equations, partial 
differential equations, probability, real and functional analysis, statistics and topology. 

Graduates in both Ph.D. and M.A. programs continue to face a favorable employment 
market. Academic opportunities are becoming more encouraging: our Ph.D.'s have in some 
cases secured prestigious academic posts (MTT, Yale, NYU). Those in the applied programs 
face a ver\' encouraging employment environment and have secured good positions in 
government and industr}'. 

Admission Information 

Admission is granted to applicants who show promise in mathematics as demonstrated by 
their undergraduate record. Unless courses in advanced calculus and (undergraduate) abstract 
algebra have been taken, admission may be on a provisional basis (passing MATH 410 and/or 
403 with a grade of B). The Graduate Record Examination is not required for admission, but 
applicants who have taken this examination are required to supply their score. 

Master's Degree Requirements 

The M.A. degree program offers both a thesis and non-thesis option; most students choose 
the latter. The non-thesis option requires students to take 30 credit hours with an average of 
at least a B. At least 18 credits must be at the 600/700 level, including at least 12 hours in 
mathematics. Additionally, students must complete two full-year sequences at the 600/700 
level and must pass the Departmental written examinations in three mathematical fields. In 
addition, the University no\\ requires a scholarly paper. 

Students may take the separate M.A. batten,- of written examinations or take the Ph.D. 
version and be scored at a lower level. These examinations can be taken only twice, but any 
attempt during the first two years of graduate work is considered a "free try." The M.A. 
degree includes no foreign language requirement. Generally it takes two to three years to earn 
the M.A.. and almost 25-30 degrees are granted each year in mathematics (MATH. STAT, and 
MAPL combined). 



1 86 Mathematics Program (MATH) 



Doctoral Degree Requirements 

The Ph.D. program does not require an M.A. degree, but appHcants who are accepted should 
show, on the basis of their undergraduate record and recommendations, that they possess not 
only marked promise in mathematical activities but the potential to perform on a creative level. 
Like the M.A. program, admission may be granted on a provisional basis. Students in the 
Ph.D. program must complete a minimum of 36 hours of formal coursework (at least 27 at the 
600/700 level) with an average grade of B or better; at least 18 hours must be taken in the 
Department of Mathematics. In addition, the university requires at least 12 hours of MATH 
899 (Doctoral Research). 

Ph.D. students must take a set of three written examinations in three mathematical fields. 
These examinations can be taken only twice, but an attempt during the first two years of 
graduate study constitutes a "free try." These examinations are given twice a year in January 
and August. If successful in these written examinations, students must satisfy the particular 
requirements of the field committee governing their special area of interest before they can be 
admitted to candidacy and begin thesis research. The dissertation must represent an original 
contribution to mathematical knowledge and is usually published in a mathematical journal. 

The average Ph.D. student will spend five years of graduate study before obtaining the 
degree. The combined programs of mathematics, applied mathematics and statistics award an 
average of 15 Ph.D.'s each year. 

The Ph.D. program has two foreign language requirements. Before the student can be 
admitted to candidacy, he or she must pass a written examination in either French, German 
or Russian and translate mathematical texts into competent English. The second language 
examination must be completed before the candidate's final oral examination on the 
dissertation. Both language examinations are composed and graded within the Department. 

Facilities and Special Resources 

The Department is actively involved in research in a number of areas, strengthened further 
by a complement of mathematicians from the Institute for Physical Science and Technology. 
The Department fosters a lively program of seminars and colloquia; about half of these talks 
are given by outside specialists. 

The Engineering and Physical Sciences Library is located on the ground floor of the 
Mathematics Building and contains more than 95,(X)0 volumes in mathematics, physics and 
engineering, and more than 280 journals in pure and applied mathematics. The Library of 
Congress, with its extensive collection of books and technical reports, is only a half hour from 
campus. 

The Department cooperates closely with the Institute for Physical Science and Technology 
and with the Department of Computer Science. Faculty members of both groups offer courses 
in the Department, and the facilities of the computer center are available to serve the research 
needs of both faculty and graduate students. Members of the Department participate actively 
in the Interdisciplinary Applied Mathematics Program, and they also staff the Mathematical 
Statistics Program. 



Measurement, Statistics and Evaluation Program (EDMS) 1 87 



Financial Assistance 

The Department is able to offer graduate assistantships to approximately 100 graduate 
students. The teaching load is six hours each semester in addition to the duties of meeting 
with students and grading papers. A number of fellowships and research assistantships are 
also available. 

Additional Information 

Special brochures and publications offered by the Department are: "Mathematics at 
Maryland, the Graduate Program," "Departmental Policies Concerning Graduate Students," and 
"Graduate Course Descriptions." For questions regarding Departmental programs, admission 
procedures, and financial aid, contact: 

Ms. Janet Cooper 
Department of Mathematics 
University of Maryland 
College Park, MD 20742 
(301) 405-5058 

For courses, see code MATH. 



Measurement, Statistics, and Evaluation Program (EDMS) 

Chair: Lissitz 

Professors: Dayton, Lissitz, Macready 
Associate Professors: Johnson, Schafer 
Assistant Professor: De Ayala 

The Department of Measurement, Statistics, and Evaluation offers graduate study leading to 
both the Master of Arts and Doctor of Philosophy degrees for students with interests in 
research methods and their applications. A doctoral minor for Ph.D. students in other 
programs is also offered. The three areas of specialization available for doctoral students are 
applied statistics, evaluation, and measurement theory. 

Admission Information 

In addition to Graduate School requirements, admission decisions are based on quality of 
previous undergraduate and graduate work, strength of letters of recommendation from persons 
competent to judge the applicant's likelihood of success in graduate school, scores on the 
Graduate Record Examination, and the applicant's statement of academic and career objectives 
in relation to the program of study to be pursued. Students who seek admission should display 
evidence of above average aptitude and interest in quantitative methods. An applicant who 
does not meet the Graduate School minimum of a B average may be provisionally admitted 
if resources allow and if other evidence indicates a strong likelihood of success. Programs of 
study may be designed to meet the individual needs of both full-time and part-time students 
since many courses are offered in the late afternoon or evening. 



188 Measurement, Statistics and Evaluation Program (EDMS) 



Master's Degree Requirements 

The M.A. degree program requires a minimum of 30 credit hours. Both thesis and 
non-thesis options are available. A written comprehensive examination is required for both 
options and a research paper is required for the non-thesis option. The Department does not 
offer the M.Ed, degree. 

Doctoral Degree Requirements 

Doctoral students are required to select a specialization in either applied statistics, evaluation, 
or measurement theory. The Ph.D. program requires both preliminary and comprehensive 
written examinations; the comprehensive examination is designed to reflect the student's 
specialization. A minimum of 30 credit hours, including dissertation credit, must be taken 
following admission. Programs of study must include at least twenty-one credit hours of 
coursework in related fields that support the student's specialization. All students are expected 
to engage in research. The doctoral minor provides advanced training in quantitative methods 
for students majoring in other programs and requires a minimum of 30 graduate credit hours 
including EDMS 623, 645, 646, 651, and 771. Preliminary and comprehensive examinations 
are required. The Department does not offer the Ed.D. degree. 

Facilities and Special Resources 

The Department maintains microcomputer equipment with up-to-date software packages, and 
access to campus mainframe computers is available. The faculty are actively engaged in a 
large variety of basic and applied research projects and students are encouraged to become 
involved in these activities. The Washington and Baltimore areas have numerous organizations 
that provide opportunities to become involved in projects that have national importance; 
supervised internships are also available. 

Financial Assistance 

Some graduate assistantships and other funds are available, particularly following the first 
year in the program. The Department can usually aid students in locating part-time 
employment opportunities, both on and off campus. 

Additional Information 

For additional information and a Department brochure, please write to: 

Dr. Robert W. Lissitz, Chairperson 

Department of Measurement, Statistics, and Evaluation 

University of Maryland 

College Park, MD 20742- 1111 

(301) 405-3624 

For courses, see code EDMS. 



Mechanical Engineering Program (ENME) 1 89 



Mechanical Engineering Program (ENME) 

Chair: Anand 

Professors: Allen, Anand, Armstrong, Berger, Buckley, Christou, Cunniff, Dally, Dieter, 

Foumey, Gupta, Holloway, Irwin, Kirk, Koh, Magrab, Marcinkowski, Marks, Sanford, Sayre, 

Shreeve, Talaat, Tsai, Wallace, Yang 

Professor Emeritus: Weske 

Associate Professors: Azarm, Barker, Bernard, Dick, diMarzo, Duncan, Harhalakis, 

Humphrey, Pecht, Radermacher, Shih, vonKerczek, Walston 

Assistant Professors: Abdelhamid, Anjanappa, Bigio, Dasgupta, Haslach, Herold, Khan, 

Marasli, Minis, Ohadi, Piomelli, Rao, Sirkis, Tasch, Tasker, Topeleski, Tsui, Wang, Wilner, 

Wright, Zhang, Zhu 

Senior Lecturer: Russell 

The Mechanical Engineering Department offers graduate study leading to the Master of 
Science and Doctor of Philosophy degrees. Instruction and research are carried out in three 
areas of concentration: computer integrated manufacturing and design, solid mechanics, and 
thermal-fluid sciences. 

Computer Integrated Manufacturing and Design - The design and manufacturing program 
offers courses in three areas of specialization: design, manufacturing, and systems. The 
integration of these disciplines via the use of the computer is strongly emphasized. Courses 
and research are supported by dedicated laboratories in computer integrated manufacturing, 
machine tool dynamics, polymer extrusion, advanced design and manufacturing, robotics, and 
mechatronics. Additional laboratories support the cross-disciplinary activities of the CALCE 
Center for Electronics Packaging. Typical examples of current research topics include the 
development and control of magnetic bearings, decomposition-based design optimization, 
robust tuning of robotic controllers, maintainability modeling and analysis, reliability of 
microwave monolithic integrated circuits, synthesis of gear-coupled robotic mechanisms, 
quality control of machining accuracy in automation, and optimization of the mixing 
performance in a twin screw extruder. 

Solid Mechanics - The solid mechanics program provides an exposure to the fundamental 
concepts in the analytical and experimental study of the mechanics of solids. Areas of 
specialization include theoretical and applied elasticity, fracture mechanics, experimental 
mechanics, noise and vibration control, and linear and nonlinear mechanics. Courses and 
research are supported by laboratories in stress analysis, computer-aided design, fracture 
mechanics, vibrations, photoelasticity, and holography. Typical examples of current research 
topics include dynamic deformation and fracture, feasibility of a transient dynamic design 
analysis method, thermo-mechanical creep fatigue analysis of solder, mechanics of solid 
lubricating films, mechanisms of fracture and fragmentation by explosive loading, a critical 
evaluation of intelligent structures, and a new technique for the seismic analysis of nonlinear 
systems. 

Thermal-Fluid Sciences - The thermal-fluid sciences program offers courses in two broad 
areas: energy and heat transfer, and fluid mechanics. The content of the upper level courses 
reflect the research interests of the faculty. Research is supported by laboratories in 
combustion, hydrodynamics, energy, and turbulence; and by various supercomputer centers. 



190 Mechanical Engineering Program (ENME) 



Typical examples of current research include the development of a visualization and imaging 
system for 3-D analysis of turbulent flow structures, the application of Lagrangian transport 
analysis to turbulent flow prediction, transient cooling by droplet evaporation, an investigation 
of steady and unsteady breaking waves, fouling and particulate deposition on low temperature 
surfaces, a study of diffusion-absorption heat pumps, heat transfer enhancement of ozone-safe 
refrigerants, large eddy simulation of 3-D boundary layers, environmentally-safe refrigerants 
in advanced energy conversion cycles, and 3-D unsteady Navier-Stokes flow in 
turbomachinery. 

Admission Information 

The programs leading to the M.S. and Ph.D. degrees are open to qualified students holding 
the B.S. degree in mechanical engineering. Admission may also be granted to students with 
degrees from allied areas such as other branches of engineering, mathematics, and physics. 
In some cases students may be required to take undergraduate courses to rectify deficiencies 
in their background. In addition to the requirements set forth by the Graduate School, the 
applicant is also required to submit scores from the Graduate Record Examination. 

Master's Degree Requirements 

The M.S. program offers the thesis and non-thesis options. The requirements are those of 
the Graduate School except that a higher minimum number of credits of coursework at the 600 
level is required. Generally, a minimum of 24 credits, for thesis-option, and 30 credits, for 
non-thesis option, of course work are required. 

Doctoral Degree Requirements 

Students in the Ph.D. program must take a minimum of 42 credits of approved graduate 
coursework beyond the B.S. degree (a minimum of 18 credits at the University of Maryland), 
pass a qualifying examination (given during the first semester of study to students entering 
with an M.S. degree), propose and have approved a Ph.D. dissertation topic before the end of 
the third semester (for students entering with an M.S. degree), and successfully produce and 
defend an acceptable Ph.D. dissertation. 

Facilities and Special Resources 

In addition to the laboratories and supercomputer facilities described above, the Department 
has or has access to a wide variety of additional computational resources. A multiple-node 
mainframe cluster including IBM and UNISYS equipment is generally available to the entire 
university community. Several DEC VAX clusters are also in service, including one dedicated 
to the Department of Mechanical Engineering. This cluster currently supports the VMS 
operating system and a large number of third party software packages, which provide finite 
element modeling of solid, fluid, and heat transfer problems, and computer aided design. It 
can be accessed from one of 20 VAX work stations or from any compatible remote terminal. 
Two line printers, two laser printers, and a laser color plotter are available. All of these 
machines are networked to allow file sharing, with the total storage capacity in excess of 4 
Gbytes. 



Meteorology Program (METO) 191 



In addition to the multi-user systems, the engineering building complex houses various 
computer workstations; among these are 50 IBM AT compatible machines, 10 Mackintosh 
Plus computers, and 24 Sun 3 machines. 

Financial Assistance 

Financial assistance is available to highly qualified students through teaching and research 
assistantships, and to outstanding students through Graduate School fellowships. Although 
preference is given to U.S. citizens, financial assistance is sought for all worthy students. 

Additional Information 

A complete description of the requirements for the M.S. and Ph.D. degrees and other 
information about the graduate program may be obtained by contacting: 

Director of Graduate Studies 
Department of Mechanical Engineering 
University of Marviand 
College Park, MD 20742 
(301) 405-4216 

For courses, see code ENME. 



Meteorology Program (METO) 

Chair: Hudson 

Professors: Baer. Ellingson. Hudson, Shukla. Thompson. Vemekar 

Associate Professors: Carton, Dickerson. Pinker. Robock 

.Adjunct Professor: Sellers 

Senior Research Scientists: Rasmusson, Schneider 

Associate Research Scientists: Straus, vanden Dool 

Assistant Research Scientists: Kinter, Laszlo. Nigam. Xue 

Research Associates: Cai. Canfield. Cao, Doddridge, Giese, Holland. Klein, Miskolczi 

The Meteorology Department offers graduate study leading to the Master of Science and 
Doctor of Philosophy degrees. Course work in meteorology is also offered at the upper 
division and graduate level as a service to other campus graduate programs. The educational 
program in the atmospheric sciences is broadly based and involves many applications of the 
mathematical, physical and applied sciences that characterize modem meteorology and 
oceanography. Research specializations include atmospheric dynamics, atmospheric radiative 
transfer, global climate change, remote sensing of the atmosphere, climate dynamics, numerical 
weather prediction, atmospheric chemistry, synoptic meteorology, air pollution, 
micrometeorology, tropical ocean circulation, ocean-atmosphere interaction, and biosphere- 
atmosphere interactions. 

The Department's close association with federal agencies in the Washington area provides 
graduates with good career opportunities in the atmospheric sciences. As a research assistant. 



1 92 Meteorology Program (METO) 



the student often has the opportunity to develop a close working relationship with one or more 
of the scientific agencies, which can put the student in a good position to contend for jobs as 
they become available. 

Located in the Computer and Space Sciences Building, the Meteorology Department is part 
of the College of Computer, Mathematical and Physical Sciences. 

Admission Information 

In addition to the requirements of the Graduate School, the Department requires a bachelor's 
or higher degree in meteorology, oceanography, physics, chemistry, mathematics, biology, 
engineering or other program with suitable emphasis in the sciences. Previous education in 
meteorology will be favorably considered, but is not required. The Core courses offered in 
the first year of graduate study present students with the necessary meteorology background 
for the more advanced courses. The minimum undergraduate background includes 3 semesters 
of calculus, differential equations, linear algebra, 3 semesters of calculus-based physics, 1 
semester of chemistry and 1 semester of a scientific computer language (e.g., Fortran, C, 
Pascal or Basic). Scores from the Graduate Record Examination are also required. 

Master's Degree Requirements 

The Meteorology Department offers a non-thesis program leading to the Master of Science 
Degree. The requirements include course work, a scholarly paper and a comprehensive exam. 
A minimum of 30 semester hours in courses acceptable for credit toward a graduate degree 
is required for the degree program. This will include 24 hours of 600-level Meteorology 
courses. Meteorology Department 400-level courses are not acceptable for credit toward the 
degree. A maximum of 3 credits of METO 798 (Directed Graduate Research) is acceptable 
toward the degree. 

Doctoral Degree Requirements 

The Meteorology Department offers a program leading to the Doctor of Philosophy Degree 
(Ph.D.) in Meteorology. This program is designed to furnish the student with the education 
and research background necessary to carry out independent and original scientific research. 
In order to earn the Ph.D., the student must complete a course work requirement, pass the 
candidacy examinations, and prepare and defend a dissertation. The course work requirement 
is 30 semester hours in 600-level Meteorology Department courses. In addition, the student 
must take 12 credits of METO 899 (Doctoral Dissertation Research). In addition, there is a 
minor course requirement of an additional nine semester hours of ancillary courses taken 
beyond the bachelor's degree from a different department in a related scientific discipline, at 
least 6 of which must be at the 600-level or above. These credits need not be from the same 
department but must have a unified or coherent theme. Students may petition the Department 
for a waiver of these requirements based on credits earned at another institution at the graduate 
level. Upon completion of the dissertation the candidate is required to present the research 
results at a Meteorology Department seminar and to defend the material to the satisfaction of 
a Final Examining Committee appointed by the Dean of Graduate Studies. 



Meteorology Program (METO) 1 93 



Facilities and Special Resources 

The Meteorology Department houses the Center for Ocean-Land-Atmosphere Interactions 
(COLA) under the direction of Professor Shukla. The Center conducts a coordinated research 
program on the predictabihty of the coupled atmosphere-ocean-biosphere global climate 
system, especially toward establishing a physical basis for dynamical extended range 
forecasting. The Department also operates the Cooperative Institute for Climate Studies in 
conjunction with NCAA. Under the direction of Professor Ellingson, the Institute conducts 
research in long-range forecasting and satellite remote sensing. In addition, the Department 
maintains close research and teaching associations with the Department of Chemistry and 
nearby government agencies including NOAA, NASA and NIST. 

Special facilities that support the Department's teaching and research activities include 
equipment for receiving facsimile maps and digital alphanumeric data from the National 
Weather Service, an instrumented weather station (a NOAA cooperative obser\ing station), 
a laborator\ for atmospheric chemistry and a mobile air pollution laboratory. Special data 
collections that support teaching and research activities include Northern Hemisphere 
meteorological data tabulations on microfilm, a unique historical daily weather map series 
dating back to 1899, a complete set of climatological data for the United States dating back 
to 1917, a Geosynchronous Operational Environmental Satellite data archive including visible 
and infrared photography, a meteorological data archive for four outlying weather stations on 
University farms, and files of the State Climatologist for Maryland. 

The Department of Meteorology has a modem teaching laborator) in \\ hich educational color 
video tapes and 16 mm films may be produced and replayed. Equipment is installed to allow 
students and faculty to produce their own educational materials for classroom and seminar use 
and record special experiments, field trials or lecture events for permanent use. The 
Department maintains a specialized library with several hundred text and reference books in 
meteorology and allied sciences, many specialized series of research reports and many current 
journals. The campus provides a main library as well as libraries in chemistn. , astronomy, and 
engineering. Several excellent government hbraries in the area, including the Library of 
Congress, the NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, and the NOAA hbraries. also provide 
unsurpassed resources. 

The Department of Meteorology has access to a wide \ariet)' of computer resources, 
including its own DEC and Apollo scientific workstation networks with more than 45 nodes. 
These systems provide communications, color graphics visualization, and local computing. 
The University's Computer Science Center (CSC), which is located in the same building as 
the Department, operates an IBM 4381 and an IBM 3081. Access to CSC is via a campus 
high-speed Ethernet. Departmental personnel can communicate with various remote 
supercomputers at high speed through CSC. including the Grays at the San Diego 
Supercomputer Center. NCAR. the Goddard Space Flight Center and Lawrence Livermore 
National Laboratory. 

The Department has installed a UNIDATA computer graphics animation system that ingests, 
manages and displays curtent weather satellite, weather radar and weather map data in color 
for research, instruction and the preparation of videotape or film materials. 



1 94 Meteorolgy Program (METO) 



The University of Maryland is located in an area that is rich in a variety of beneficial 
professional resources. Because of its proximity to the nation's capital, the University of 
Maryland is able to interact closely with the many governmental groups interested in various 
aspects of the atmospheric sciences. Guest seminar speakers and visiting lecturers here are 
frequently scientists invited from local government laboratories, and the Department faculty 
often attend and participate in the seminars, coUoquia and scientific workshops being held at 
these neighboring institutions. 

A wide spectrum of meteorological interests are represented in the local scientific 
community. For example, studies are being conducted on analytical techniques for 
atmospheric chemistry, air pollution calibration standards and the effect of weather and climate 
on energy supplies and agricultural productivity. There are several groups devoted to climate 
analysis and simulation, new technique development for long-range forecasting and studies in 
fluid dynamics. Studies of satellite applications to meteorology, solar and wind energy 
analyses and prediction of atmospheric diffusion and transport processes are also represented. 

The Washington, D.C., chapter of the American Meteorological Society consists of about 400 
members who hold professional meetings each month. The Washington, D.C., area is 
frequently the site of national and international conferences, most notably of the American 
Association for the Advancement of Science and the American Geophysical Union. Although 
the University of Maryland is the only school in the region offering degrees in meteorology, 
there are professional and library resources at several other nearby major universities. In 
addition to the various government and academic institutions, the Washington metropolitan 
area contains numerous well-known private contractors and consulting companies involved in 
meteorology, which provide employment opportunities for students both before and after 
graduation. 

The Department of Meteorology maintains professional interactions with scientists of major 
federal agencies in the atmospheric, oceanographic, and hydrologic sciences. For example, 
a formal Memorandum of Understanding with the National Oceanic and Atmospheric 
Administration provides for the development of special courses by visiting faculty from NOAA 
as well as opportunities for faculty and students to work on-site at NOAA facilities. 
Opportunities are also provided for interactions at nearby facilities, including the National 
Weather Service, the National Environmental Satellite and Data Information Service, the Naval 
Research Laboratory, the National Institute of Standards and Technology, and the NASA 
Goddard Space Flight Center. As a member of the University Corporation for Atmospheric 
Research, the Department enjoys the common facilities offered by the National Center for 
Atmospheric Research such as research aircraft and supercomputers. 

Financial Assistance 

Graduate assistantships are available to qualified graduate students. Research assistants carry 
on research in the areas of global change, synoptic and dynamic meteorology, satellite 
meteorology, climate dynamics, air pollution, atmospheric chemistry, theoretical fluid 
dynamics, atmospheric radiation, general circulation, oceanography, and biosphere-atmosphere 
interactions. Fellowships are also awarded by the Graduate School to the most qualified 
applicants. In addition, hourly employment is available in the Department and off campus. 
Stipends are maintained at a competitive level. 



Microbiology Program (MICB) 1 95 



Additional Information 

Application material or additional information may be obtained by writing: 



Chair, Admissions Committee 
Department of Meteorology 
University of Maryland 
College Park, MD 20742 
(301) 405-5385 



For courses, see code METO. 



Microbiology Program (MICB) 

Chair: Hetrick 

Professors: Colwell, Hetrick, Joseph, Roberson, Weiner, Yuan 

Professors Emeriti: Doetsch, Faber, Pelczar 

Associate Professors: MacQuillan, Robb', Stein, Voll 

Assistant Professors: Benson, Capage 

'Joint appointment with Center of Marine Biotechnology 

Note: Some courses in this program may require the use of animals. Please see the Statement 
on Animal Care and Use in the Appendix and the Policy Statement for Students under "Degree 
Requirements." 

The Department of Microbiology offers programs leading to the Master of Science and 
Doctor of Philosophy degrees with special emphasis in the biomedical, environmental and 
biotechnology areas. In the biomedical area, a student may specialize in virology, 
immunology, or medical bacteriology. Environmentally related research projects are concerned 
with microbial ecology, marine microbiology, diseases of fmfish and shellfish, and 
biodegradation of pollutants. Molecular studies involve bacterial and yeast genetics, genetic 
engineering, cellular immunology, immunochemistry, molecular systematics, DNA repair 
systems and the control of bacterial morphogenesis. Many of the faculty are affiliated with 
federal and industrial laboratories in the greater Washington area. 

Advanced degree graduates in microbiology are in demand, particularly in specialties 
involving recombinant DNA technology, immunology, virology-tissue culture, ecology, 
fermentation, and medical microbiology. Positions become available in both the public and 
private sector and may involve research, quality control and/or product development. 

Admission Information 

Qualified students are accepted in either the M.S. or Ph.D. programs. Applicants for 
graduate programs must have acquired a thorough foundation in biological and physical 
sciences. A strong background in microbiology is desirable but not essential. However, a lack 
of specific courses may lengthen the time required to earn a degree. Scores on both the 



196 Microbiology Program (MICB) 



general test and the subject test in biology of the Graduate Record Examination (GRE) must 
accompany applications. 

Master's Degree Requirements 

Requirements for the M.S. degree include a minimum of 24 semester hours exclusive of 
research credits. A v.'ritten thesis based upon research is required, and all candidates must pass 
a final oral examination given by an advisory committee. All candidates for graduate degrees 
must serve as laboratory teaching assistants for at least one semester per degree. Candidates 
normally require about two years to complete the M.S. program, but quality of performance 
alone determines the awarding of the degree. 

Doctoral Degree Requirements 

Candidates for the Ph.D. degree must successfully complete a core curriculum consisting of 
eight semester-hour credits in Microbiology graduate courses, including microbial metabolism, 
immunology, virology and genetics. These courses may be satisfied by lateral transfer of 
equivalent credit or by evidence of competence in these areas. Two credits of graduate 
seminar or special topics course per year is required after admission to candidacy. A student's 
dissertation committee will decide what additional coursework, if any, is required. Twelve 
credits of doctoral research (MICB 899), exclusive of other required courses, must be taken 
while enrolled for the degree. 

Application for advancement to candidacy can be made after the following sequence: (1) The 
preparation and defense of a written research proposal on a topic chosen by the Graduate 
Program Committee; and (2) submission of a written proposal on planned doctoral research 
and its defense before the student's graduate dissertation committee. A student must be a 
candidate for at least one full year before the defense of the dissertation and graduation. 

Facilities and Special Resources 

Well-equipped laboratories are available for the conduct of modem molecular biology and 
for support of a variety of faculty research efforts. Special resources include a state-of-the-art 
electron microscopy facility housing two scanning/transmission scopes with image analysis 
capabilities, centralized animal facilities, computer support, a fluorescence-activated cell sorter, 
fermentation equipment, and a P3 biohazard containment laboratory. 

Financial Assistance 

A number of teaching assistantships, research assistantships and fellowships are available. 
The number varies and is partly contingent on faculty research support, but most full-time 
students in the Department receive assistantships or some other form of financial support. 

Additional Information 

Interested individuals may request an information brochure describing in detail the program 
of graduate study in microbiology. For information contact: 



Molecular and Civil Biology Program (MOCB) 197 



Chair, Graduate Program Committee 
Department of Microbiology 
University of Maryland 
College Park. MD 20742 
(301)405-5435 

For courses, code MICB. 



Molecular and Cell Biology Program (MOCB) 

Acting Director: Vijay 

Professors: Armstrong, Colombini, Diener, Dube, Dunaway-Mariano, Gantt, Gerlt, Hansen, 

Kozarich. Kuenzel, Kung, Levitan, Mather, Moult, Ottinger, Soares, Solomos, Vijay, Weiner, 

Yuan 

Associate Professors: Ades, Angle, Deitzer, Dutta, Goode, Herzberg, Hutcheson, Imberski, 

Ma, Regier, Scott, Snyder, Stein, Swartz, Sze, Wolniak 

Assistant Professors: Benson, Capage, Eisenstein, Julin, O'Brochta, Samal, Shapiro, Stephan, 

Vakharia, Watson, Woodson 

The Graduate Program in Molecular and Cell Biology offers study leading to the Doctor of 
Philosophy degree. It is an interdepartmental program involving the Departments of Botany, 
Chemistry and Biochemistry, Entomology, Microbiology, and Zoology in the College of Life 
Sciences, the Departments of Agronomy, Animal Sciences, Horticulture and Poultry Science 
in the College of Agriculture, Virginia-Maryland Regional College of Veterinary Medicine, 
the Center for Agricultural Biotechnology and the Center for Advanced Research in 
Biotechnology, Maryland Biotechnology Institute. 

The Program faculty have a broad spectrum of expertise and represent some of the most 
outstanding biologists on campus. Many of the faculty are engaged in research that is being 
supported by extensive extramural grants from regional, national and international agencies. 
Research on regulation of gene expression during growth, differentiation and reproduction, 
endocrine-target cell/tissue interactions, ultrastructural-functional relationships, transport 
mechanisms, vision, signal transduction, photoregulation, host-parasite interactions involving 
viruses, bacteria and fungi in plants as well as animal hosts, molecular genetics and analysis 
of protein/enzyme/nucleic acid structure, function and interactions are some of the areas under 
study. These investigations are being carried out in both eukaryotic and prokaryotic systems. 

Admission Information 

Admission to the Graduate Program is competitive. Candidates must satisfy the Graduate 
School requirements and submit the following: (1) copies of diplomas of previous degree(s); 
(2) transcripts of previous college work; (3) statement of purpose and professional objectives; 
(4) three letters of recommendation from persons competent to judge the applicant's abilities 
and aptitude for graduate work; (5) scores of the Graduate Record Examination; and (6) for 
international students, a score of the Test of English as a Foreign Language (TOEFL). The 
Admissions Committee may require the student to take remedial courses if he or she enters 
with inadequate prerequisites or deficiencies in a previous program of study. 



198 Molecular and Civil Biology Program (MOCB) 



Doctoral Degree Requirements 

The core requirements of the program consist of four lecture courses in molecular and cell 
biology and biochemistry and two one-semester rotations in the laboratories of the participating 
faculty. A satisfactory performance in the core requirements is mandatory for continued 
matriculation in the program. 

Incoming students are advised for their initial course work by the first year advisory 
committee. In most cases, the core requirements will serve as the full course load that a 
student would undertake in his/her first year of study. Any remedial or pre-requisite type of 
courses to overcome previous weaknesses or deficiencies must also be completed in the first 
year of study or the summer session immediately following it. The removal of such 
deficiencies may delay the completion of core requirements within the first year of study. 
Under exceptional circumstances, one or more of the core courses may be waived. This will 
depend on the previous training and background of the student. The student may then be 
asked to register in the second level courses concurrently. 

After the completion of the core requirements, the student must choose an advisor for his/her 
dissertation research. The research advisor and the student will then submit names of five 
faculty members within the Program who will serve as the Advisory Committee. No more 
than two members of the Advisory Committee may be from the same department or the 
Maryland Biotechnology Institute. The research advisor will serve as the chairman of this 
committee. From here on, it will be the responsibility of the Advisory Committee to guide the 
student through the remainder of his/her graduate work. 

Beyond the first year, the student must take three semesters of advanced, second level 
courses in specialty areas and topical subjects tailored to the development and needs of 
individual student. A large spectrum of such specialized courses is offered by the participating 
departments. Enrollment and completion of any one of the designated group of advanced 
laboratory courses will serve to fulfill one semester of the second level courses. 

The program conducts a weekly seminar in which outstanding molecular-cell biologists from 
other institutions within the United States and abroad, and faculty and researchers on the 
campus, give presentations on their ongoing research. Attendance at these seminars is required 
for all students in the Program. Two credits of student seminar also will be required. 

The Admission to Candidacy Examinations are both written, in the form of a research 
proposal, and oral. The advisory committee of the student will serve as the dissertation 
examination committee. 

Facilities and Special Resources 

Excellent laboratory facilities are available for teaching both upper and advanced level 
courses in biochemistry, cell and molecular biology and biophysical structural analyses. 
Extensive facilities for cell culture, monoclonal antibody production, protein and nucleic acid 
analyses via modem methods, such as peptide sequencing, oligonucleotide synthesis and 
sequencing, fluorescence, scanning and transmission and electron microscopy, computer 
graphics for molecular modeling, NMR, and X-ray differentiation, are present in core facilities 



Music Program (MUSC) 199 



consisting of the Protein and Nucleic Acid Synthesis and Analysis (PNA) Laboratory, the 
Laboratory for Biological Ultrastructural Research, the Cell Technology (Hybridoma) 
Laboratory, research laboratories of participating departments and the five centers of the 
Maryland Biotechnology Institute (Center for Agricultural Biotechnology, Center of Marine 
Biotechnology, Medical Biotechnology Center, Center for Advanced Research in 
Biotechnology and Center for Bioprocessing and Manufacture). 

Financial Assistance 

The Program offers fellowships, teaching assistantships, and research assistantships to 
admitted students on a competitive basis. Additionally, the Program will recommend 
outstanding applicants to the Graduate School for its fellowships. When supplemented with 
matching funds from the Program, these fellowships will enhance the financial support of the 
awardees at a level much higher than the regular fellowships and assistantships. 

Additional Information 

For specific information on the program, admission procedures, financial support and other 
details, contact: 

Dr. Inder K. Vijay 

Program in Molecular and Cell Biology 

Animal Sciences Center 

University of Maryland 

College Park, MD 20742 

(301) 405-6991 

For courses, see code MOCB. 



Music Program (MUSC) 

Chair: Major 

Associate Chair: Cooper 

Professors: Bernstein, Cohen, Cossa, Fischbach, Folstrom, Garvey, Guameri String Quartet 

(Dalley, Soyer, Steinhardt, Tree), Head, Heifetz, Helm, Hudson, Johnson, Koscielny, Mabbs, 

Major, McDonald, Montgomery, Moss, Schumacher, Serwer, Traver 

Associate Professors: Balthrop, Bamett, Davis, DeLio, EUiston, Elsing, Fanos, Gibson, 

Gowen, McCoy, Olson, Robertson, Rodriquez, Ross, Sparks, Urban, Wakefield, Wexler, 

Wilson 

Assistant Professors: McCarthy, Payerle, Saunders 

Instructor: Walters 

Lecturer: Beicken 

The Department of Music offers programs of study leading to the Master of Music degree 
with areas of specialization in performance, conducting, historical musicology, 
ethnomusicology, music theory, music education, and composition; to the Doctor of Philosophy 
degree with areas of specialization in historical musicology, ethnomusicology, and music 



200 Music Program (MUSC) 



theory; and to the Doctor of Musical Arts degree with areas of speciaHzation in performance- 
literature and in composition. Doctoral programs in music education, offered cooperatively 
with the College of Education, lead to Doctor of Education and Doctor of Philosophy degrees. 

Admission Information 

Admission to graduate degree programs in music is highly selective. It is determined 
primarily upon a performance audition, tapes, and scores of original compositions, scholarly 
research papers, letters of recommendation, successful teaching experience, and, in academic 
areas, GRE scores. 

Master's Degree Requirements 

Students must complete at least 30 semester credit hours for all master's degrees, earning 
at least one-third in the area of specialization and the remainder in supportive coursework in 
music and electives. A public recital or performance is required in performance, conducting, 
and music education; a scholarly thesis is required in musicology, ethnomusicology, theory, 
and composition. 

Doctoral Degree Requirements 

Requirements for the Doctor of Philosophy and the Doctor of Musical Arts degrees require 
no fixed number of earned credits. Rather, they require the satisfactory completion of a 
significant body of coursework that, in the student's and the Graduate Adviser's judgment, 
prepares the student for the preliminary examination that leads to the admission to candidacy. 

Facilities and Special Resources 

The University of Maryland. College Park offers musical scholars a variety of libraries, 
archives, special collections, and other research resources that few universities equal. 

The music library in Hombake Library is maintained as a separate branch within the 
University's library system. Its main collection consists of approximately 22,000 books, 
70,000 scores, 2,200 microfilms, 3,500 microfiches, 45,000 phonodiscs, 3,000 tapes, and 2,400 
piano rolls along with readers for all microforms, listening facilities for discs and tapes, and 
equipment for making photographic, microfilm, microfiche, or xerographic copies. 

Special collections of particular musical interest are ( 1) the Jacob M. Coopersmith Collection 
consisting of his working library, which is rich in Handel materials (books, music, journals, 
reprints of articles, etc.); (2) microfilms of all Handel autographs at the British Library and 
the Fitzwilliam Museum, and of almost all other known autograph fragments of Handel's 
music; (3) the Alfred Wallenstein Collection, donated by the violoncellist and conductor, 
comprising the performance library (about 28,000 titles) of radio station WOR in New York 
City and dating through the early 1950s; (4) Andre Kostelanetz's own working collection of 
orchestral scores and parts in manuscript, about 4.000 titles bequeathed by the conductor; (5) 
the archives of the American Bandmasters Association, the Music Educators National 
Conference, the National Association of College Wind and Percussion Instructors, the 
International Clarinet Society, the College Band Directors National Association, and the Music 



Music Program (MUSC) 201 



Library Association, among which is the oral history collection; the press books of Edwin 
Franko Goldman; an extensive gathering of clippings, programs, photographs, and historic 
recordings relating to the history of the American band movement; the Contemporary Music 
Project Library of the Music Educators National Conference; the Pillsbury Foundation School 
archives; the Frances Elliott Clark papers; the Luther Whiting Mason Collection; and the music 
education textbook collection; and (6) the International Piano Archives at Maryland (formerly 
the International Piano Library of New York City), which is a unique collection of tapes, 
phonodiscs, piano rolls, music scores, cylinders, record catalogues, and manuscripts 
documenting the entire history of recorded piano literature and its performance. 

Also located at The University of Maryland is The Center for Studies in Nineteenth-Century 
Music. Other research activities of the Department include the C.P.E. Bach Edition and the 
American Handel Society. 

Within a few minutes of the College Park campus are research opportunities offered by the 
Library of Congress, the Folger Shakespeare Library, Dumbarton Oaks, the National Archives, 
the Smithsonian Institution, the Enoch Pratt Free Library of Baltimore, and about 500 
specialized libraries. 

The Department schedules a wide variety of student and faculty solo and ensemble recitals 
and concerts, including those of the internationally recognized Guameri Quartet, which is in 
residence at College Park and whose members hold professorial rank. The Department also 
cooperates with the campus in a year-long series of University Community concerts and in the 
summer The International Piano Festival and William Kapell Competition, the Mariam 
Anderson Vocal Competition, and the National Orchestral Institute. The University also 
sponsors a three-day Handel Festival that features the University of Maryland Chorus and 
scholars and performers from around the world. The musical environment of the entire 
Washington-Baltimore area is unusually varied and rewarding in performances at the John F. 
Kennedy Center for the Performing Arts, Constitution Hall, the National Gallery of Art, the 
Phillips Collection, the Library of Congress, Wolf Trap Farms Park, Smithsonian Institution, 
the Corcoran Gallery of Art, and Joseph Meyerhoff Symphony Hall in Baltimore. 

Financial Assistance 

A number of competitive fellowships, tuition waivers, assistantships, support grants, and 
graduate orchestral fellowships are available. Preference for academic assistance will be given 
to those who have filed an application for admission to the University and have been officially 
admitted by February 1. Competitive auditions for graduate orchestral fellowships will be held 
prior to April 1 . 

Additional Information 

Music at Maryland: Graduate Programs provides descriptive information, details of course 
requirements, examination procedures, and graduation requirements for the M.M., Ph.D. and 
D.M.A. degree programs. International students should read the information contained in 
Application and Information for International Graduate Applicants. Specific information 
may be obtained from: 



202 Nuclear Engineering Program (ENNU) 



Dr. William Montgomery, Director of Graduate Studies 

Department of Music 

Tawes Fine Arts Building 

The University of Maryland 

College Park, Maryland 20742 

(301)405-5560 

For courses, see codes MUSC, MUSP, and MUED. 



Nuclear Engineering Program (ENNU) 

Acting Director: Pertmer 

Professors: Hsu, Munno, Roush 

Professor Emeritus: Silverman 

Associate Professors: Almenas, Modarres, Pertmer 

Assistant Professor: Mosleh 

Research Associates: Al-Sheikhly, Chappas 

Lecturers: Graves, Lee 

Housed in the Department of Materials and Nuclear Engineering, the Nuclear Engineering 
Program's primary objective is to maintain and extend the increasing degree of engineering 
sophistication. The courses and research programs strive to create an atmosphere of originality 
and creativity that prepares the student for future engineering leadership. 

The student, his or her adviser, and the Graduate Program Director establish an individual 
plan of graduate study compatible with the student's interests and background. General areas 
of specialization include reactor safety, reactor thermal hydraulics, transport theory, activation 
analysis, probabilistic risk assessment, reliability analysis, reactor physics, radiation 
engineering, integrated thermal hydraulic effects and nuclear core design. The general nuclear 
engineering program is focused toward energy conversion and power engineering with 
additional specialties in radiation and polymer science and reliability analysis. 

Admission Information 

The programs leading to the Master of Science and the Doctor of Philosophy degrees are 
open to qualified students holding bachelor's degrees in any of the engineering and science 
areas from accredited programs, but in some cases it may be necessary to require courses to 
fulfill the background. The Graduate School admission requirements apply in reviewing 
applications. 

Master's Degree Requirements 

The M.S. degree program offers both the thesis or non-thesis option. All students seeking 
graduate degrees in nuclear engineering must enroll in ENNU 620, 630 and 440. Many of 
these courses are offered in the late afternoon and evening for part-time students. In addition 
to the general requirements of the Graduate School, the Department sets forth certain special 
degree requirements in its publications. 



Nutrition Program (NUTR) 203 



Doctoral Degree Requirements 

The equivalent of at least three full years of full time study beyond the B.S. degree is 
required for the Ph.D. degree. This may be fulfilled by a program which includes at least 36 
credit hours of course work. Courses taken for the M.S. degree are applicable. The Ph.D. 
student must successfully complete a written and oral qualifying examination, which is an in- 
depth examination of material covered in a typical nuclear engineering M.S. degree program. 

Facilities and Special Resources 

Special facilities available for graduate study in nuclear engineering include the nuclear 
reactor, a large scale integral thermal hydraulic facility, a large gamma source, an 8 MeV 
Electron Linear Accelerator, and various analyzers and detectors. The nuclear reactor is a 250 
KW swimming pool type using enriched uranium. In addition, there are considerable 
computer and graphics facilities available, including Sun workstations. 

Financial Assistance 

The Nuclear Engineering Program provides a range of opportunities for financial assistance 
for graduate students. Both research assistantships and teaching assistantships are typically 
available. These assistantships are competitive in nature, being offered according to the needs 
and desires of the sponsors. A student interested in an assistantship is encouraged to apply 
as early as possible, in order to receive full consideration. 

Additional Information 

For more specific information, contact: 

Director of Graduate Studies, Nuclear Engineering 
Department of Materials and Nuclear Engineering 
University of Maryland 
College Park, MD 20742 
(301) 405-5208 

For courses, see code ENNU. 



Nutrition Program (NUTR) 

Chair: Read 

Professors: Ahrens, Erdman, Hansen, Kuenzel, Moser-Veillon, Prather, Read, Sims, Scares, 

Thomas, Vandersall, Vijay 

Associate Professors: Castonguay, Doerr, Douglass, Jackson, McKenna, Sampugna 

Assistant Professor: Karahadian 

Adjunct Professor: De Luca 

Adjunct Associate Professor: Szepesi 

Adjunct Assistant Professors: Conway, Deuster, Michaelis, Miles, Patterson 

Lecturers: Curtis, Norton 



204 Nutrition Program (NUTR) 



Note: Some courses in this program may require the use of animals. Please see the Statement 
on Animal Care and Use in the Appendix and the Policy Statement for Students under "Degree 
Requirements." 

The Graduate Program in Nutrition is an interdepartmental program administered by the 
Department of Human Nutrition and Food Systems (HNFS). It involves faculty from the 
Departments of Animal Sciences, Chemistry and Biochemistry, Poultry Science, and Pediatrics 
(UMBC Campus), and scientists in nearby research institutions. The Program offers graduate 
study leading to the Master of Science and Doctor of Philosophy degrees in nutrition. 
Research interests of the faculty include: the metabolic basis for dietary requirements; 
nutritional biochemistry; nutritional aspects of chronic diseases; international nutrition, 
community nutrition, and food and nutrition policy; nutrition, neuroscience and behavior; 
sensory and chemical basis of food choice; and nutritional needs of animals used for food. 
All programs require completion of a research project. 

Admission Information 

Applicants are expected to have a minimum GPA of 3.00 on a scale of 4.00, coupled with 
outstanding letters of reference. In addition, the Department requires satisfactory scores on 
the Graduate Record Examination; verbal, quantitative, and analytical scores should each be 
450 or above. Preference will be given to applicants with a bachelor's degree in nutrition, 
chemistry, food science, or a related field. Consideration will be given to others having 
adequate background courses and a demonstrable interest in a research career. Appropriate 
background courses may include vertebrate physiology, general biochemistry, advanced 
nutrition, and mathematics sufficient to undertake upper level statistics. The admission policy 
for the doctoral program is similar to the master's program. Completion of a master's degree 
with thesis is preferred, but students with a bachelor's degree may be considered, especially 
if independent research potential has been demonstrated. 

Master's Degree Requirements 

The Master of Science degree requires completion of a research project and thesis; the non- 
thesis option is not offered. All master's students must include a minimum of nine credit 
hours of advanced nutrition coursework, three credit hours of advanced biometrics, and a 
seminar. Other courses are selected with the guidance of an advisor and/or committee. An 
oral examination on the thesis is required. Three or four semesters of full-time study are 
usually required to complete the master's degree. 

Doctoral Degree Requirements 

Students will be expected to have met the course requirements for the M.S. degree, or to take 
appropriate courses to do so. Doctoral students will take additional courses in relevant 
disciplines selected to meet individual student needs. They will also present two seminars, and 
complete 12 credit hours of doctoral dissertation research. Admission to candidacy will 
require a written examination on core nutrition knowledge, followed by an oral examination 
based on the proposal for dissertation research. A final oral examination to defend the 
dissertation also is required. 



Philosophy Program (PHIL) 205 



Facilities and Special Resources 

The Department has well-equipped laboratories for research in all areas of specialization. 
The network of collaborating and adjunct faculty members extends the expertise of the 
Department faculty and enhances the research facilities available for graduate study. 
Cooperative research may be undertaken with scientists in several nearby federal agencies, 
medical centers, and research institutions. Library and computer resources include the 
University's excellent facilities and other outstanding libraries, such as the National 
Agricultural Library and the National Library of Medicine (NIH). 

Financial Assistance 

There are a number of graduate teaching assistantships, traineeships and research 
assistantships available for qualified applicants. 

Additional Information 

Copies of a Department booklet with additional information concerning admission 
requirements, courses, faculty, and facilities are available from: 

Graduate Program in Nutrition 

Department of Human Nutrition and Food Systems 

3304 Marie Mount Hall 

University of Maryland 

College Park, MD 20742 

(301) 405-2139 

For courses, see codes ANSC, FOOD, FDSC, NUTR. 



Philosophy Program (PHIL) 

Acting Chair: Slote 

Professors: Bub, Devitt. Greenspan, Johnson, Lesher, Levinson, Martin, Pasch, Slote, Suppe, 

Svenonius 

Professors Emeriti: Perkins. Schlaretzki 

Associate Professors: Brown, Celarier, Chemiak, Darden, Lichtenberg, Odell, Rey, Stairs 

Assistant Professor: Horty 

Affiliate Professors: Brush, Homstein 

Adjunct Professor: Luban 

Visiting Professor: Wallace 

The Department of Philosophy offers graduate study leading to the Master of Arts and 
Doctor of Philosophy degrees with emphasis on contemporary Anglo-American philosophy and 
the interaction of philosophy with other disciplines. Students normally enter the doctorate 
program without an M.A. degree, but the M.A. may be earned on the way to the Ph.D. While 
the Ph.D. program is suitable primarily for students who wish to enter a career in teaching and 
research at the college or university level, the M.A. program is appropriate for those who want 



206 Philosophy Program (PHIL) 



to deepen and expand the knowledge they gained as undergraduates or who wish to develop 
competence in philosophy to apply to some other professional field. 

In cooperation with the Department of History and under the supervision of the Committee 
on the History and Philosophy of Science, a special interdisciplinary curriculum in the history 
and philosophy of science is also offered at the M.A. and Ph.D. levels. 

In addition, the Department of Philosophy offers two specialized curricula at the M.A. and 
Ph.D. levels. One of these is cognitive studies, under the supervision of the Committee for 
Cognitive Studies in Philosophy, and in cooperation with the Department of Computer Science, 
the Department of Linguistics and the Department of Psychology. The other is in moral, 
political, and social philosophy, under the supervision of its committee for Moral, Political, 
and Social Philosophy, and in cooperation with the School of Public Affairs, the Institute for 
Philosophy and Public Policy, the Department of Sociology, the Department of Economics, 
and the Department of Government and Politics. 

Admission Information 

The Department requires for admission a Graduate Record Examination score, three letters 
of recommendation from previous instructors, at least one of whom is familiar with the 
applicant's work in philosophy, and a sample of the student's written work on a philosophical 
topic. The GRE score, letters and work sample should be sent directly to the Department of 
Philosophy. M.A. admission requirements are less stringent than those for admission to the 
Ph.D. program, but the same supporting documents must be provided. 

A candidate may be admitted to the curriculum in the History and Philosophy of Science, 
or in Cognitive Studies in Philosophy, or in Moral, Political, and Social Philosophy with fewer 
than 1 8 hours in philosophy if the student has a strong background in science, or in a cognate 
discipline in cognitive studies, or in the social sciences, respectively. For details concerning 
the curriculum within these specific areas, students should consult the individual chairs of the 
three committees involved in the Philosophy Program (see below). 

Master's Degree Requirements 

The M.A. program offers both a thesis and a non-thesis option. Candidates who pursue 
either option must demonstrate competence in symbolic logic and knowledge of modem 
philosophy. There are no specific course requirements beyond the Graduate School 
requirements. The individual student's research determines whether foreign language skills 
are required. For the non-thesis option, a student must pass a written comprehensive 
examination and must submit a collection of papers demonstrating competence in philosophical 
research and writing. 

Doctoral Degree Requirements 

Students who seek admission to the Ph.D. program should intend to pursue only full-time 
study toward that degree. Candidates with a high grade point average should normally have 
completed at least 18 credit hours (or the equivalent) of philosophy, including one course in 
logic, two courses in the history of philosophy and two courses from ethics, epistemology or 



Philosophy Program (PHIL) 207 



metaphysics. In addition to the Graduate School requirements, Ph.D. students in the regular 
philosophy program are required to demonstrate a competence in three philosophical fields 
selected from four broad philosophical areas: History of Philosophy. Epistemology and 
Metaphysics, Logic, and Philosophy of Science and Value Theory. Students demonstrate a 
competence by writing papers of substantial breadth and scope that indicate the student's grasp 
of some important problems in the field and connections to other issues in that field. These 
papers must be completed within six semesters of full-time study. Other requirements include: 
qualification in symbolic logic, course distribution in the above four philosophical areas, and 
presentation of a research paper at a Departmental colloquium in the latter stages of 
dissertation research. All Ph.D. students are also required to teach undergraduates for two 
semesters at an institution of higher learning, normally through the Department's teaching 
assistantship program. Foreign language skills are required as demanded by the individual 
student's research. 

Partial credit toward the Ph.D. requirements will be awarded for relevant work done at other 
graduate institutions. The Committee on Graduate Admissions will make a specific 
determination in each case. 

Philosophy students pursuing a Ph.D. in the History and Philosophy of Science are subject 
to certain special requirements. They must demonstrate competence by examination and 
written papers in ( 1) the history of science and the contemporaneous philosophies of science; 
(2) the philosophy of science and related metaphysical and epistemological problems; and (3) 
a field of science (for students who do not possess an undergraduate science degree) or an area 
of philosophy. Coursework must include: (1) courses in the history of science and technology; 
(2) the philosophy of science; (3) graduate-level courses in an area of science; (4) a course on 
research methods in history and philosophy of science; and (5) either Philosophy 471 or 478. 
In addition, the student must demonstrate reading competency in a foreign language, normally 
French or German. 

Students who take the Cognitive Studies Specialization are also subject to certain special 
requirements. Ph.D. students must include an interdisciplinary field in cognitive studies as one 
of the three fields of competence. Both Ph.D. and M.A. students must include philosophy 
courses concerned with issues related to cognitive studies and courses in a secondary area of 
cognitive studies outside philosophy. 

Students who decide to specialize in Moral, Political, and Social Philosophy are also subject 
to special requirements. Their program is more concentrated on the Value Theory section of 
the curriculum in Philosophy, and they must include courses of study in a substantive social 
science discipline. Ph.D students must demonstrate competence in Value Theory, in some 
other part of Philosophy, and in their chosen social science field. 

Facilities and Special Resources 

The Institute for Philosophy and Public Policy, under the auspices of the School of Public 
Affairs, engages in research, teaching and curriculum development in the ethical and 
conceptual issues in public policy formation. The Center offers graduate students opportunities 
for coursework and research. 



208 Physics Program (PHYS) 



In addition to the excellent libraries on campus, students are encouraged to utilize other 
libraries in the Washington/Baltimore metropolitan area, such as the Library of Congress, the 
Center for Hellenic Studies, and the Eisenhower Library on the campus of Johns Hopkins 
University. 

The Department sponsors a series of coUoquia by visiting and local speakers throughout the 
academic year. 

Financial Assistance 

The Department administers a number of graduate assistantships. Promising students have 
a good chance of receiving financial support in the first year and are generally favored for 
reappointment through the fourth year of studies. 

Additional Information 

Brochures describing the regular M.A. and Ph.D. programs in philosophy may be obtained 
by writing to the Committee on Graduate Admissions and Awards, Department of Philosophy. 
Information concerning the curriculum in the History and Philosophy of Science may be 
obtained from the Chairperson, Committee on the History and Philosophy of Science. 
Information concerning the curriculum in Cognitive Studies may be obtained from the 
Chairperson, Committee for Cognitive Studies in Philosophy. Information concerning the 
curriculum in Moral, Political, and Social Philosophy may be obtained by writing the 
Chairperson, Committee for Moral, Political, and Social Philosophy. 

For courses, see code PHIL. 



Physics Program (PHYS) 

Chair: Boyd 

Professors: Alley, Anderson, Antonsen, Banerjee, Bardasis, Bhagat, Boyd, Brill, C.C. Chang, 

C.Y. Chang, Chant, Chen, Currie, Das Sarma, DeSilva, Dorfman, Dragt, Drake, Drew, Earl, 

Einstein, Falk, Ferrell, Fisher, Gates, Click, Gloeckler, Gluckstem, Goldenbaum, Goodman, 

Greenberg, Greene, Griem, Griffin, Holmgren, Hu, Kirkpatrick, Korenman, Layman, Lee, Liu, 

Lynn, MacDonald, Mason, Misner, Mohapatra, Oneda, Ott, Paik, Papadopoulos. Park, Pati, 

Prange, Redish, Richard, Roos, Skuja, Z. Slawsky, Snow, Sucher, Toll, Venkatesan, Wallace, 

Williams, Woo, Zom 

Professors Emeriti: Glover III, Homyak, Weber 

Associate Professors: Ellis, Fivel, Hadley, Hamilton, Hassam, Kacser, Kelly, Kim, Wang 

Assistant Professors: Anlage, Baden, Cohen, Jacobson, Jawahery, Skiff, Wellstood 

Adjunct Professors: Boldt, Mather, Phillips, Ramaty, Ripin 

Visiting Professor: Franklin 

Lecturers: Beach, Carlson, Frey, Holt, Kirshner, Nossal, Rapport, M. Slawsky, Solow, Stem, 

Swank 

The Department of Physics includes programs in many areas of current research interest. 
These include: astrophysics, atomic physics, condensed matter physics, dynamical systems. 



Physics Program (PHYS) 209 



elementary particle theory, fluid dynamics, general relativity, high energy physics, many-body 
theory, molecular physics, nuclear physics, particle accelerator research, plasma physics, 
quantum electronics and optics, quantum field theory, space physics, and statistical mechanics. 

Admission Information 

Because of the large number of qualified applicants, the Department of Physics has had to 
restrict formal admission to the Graduate School to those who have shown particularly 
outstanding work in their undergraduate records or who have already done satisfactory work 
in key senior-level courses at the University of Maryland. Students who have less outstanding 
records but who show special promise may be given provisional admission under special 
circumstances. Regular admission will then depend on the satisfactory completion of existing 
deficiencies. A faculty adviser will inform each of these students w hat background he or she 
lacks and what he or she must accomplish to achieve regular admission. Thus, the Department 
hopes to offer an opportunity for advanced study in physics to all qualified students. 

Students who enter the graduate program are normally expected to have strong backgrounds 
in physics, including intermediate-level courses in mechanics, electricity and magnetism, 
thermodynamics, physical optics, and modem physics. A student with deficiencies in one or 
more of these areas may be admitted but will be expected to remedy such deficiencies as soon 
as possible. 

The Graduate Record Examination (GRE). including the Advanced Physics test, is required 
for admission. In rare instances, this requirement may be waived. The average GRE 
Advanced Physics test score is 700. A minimum overall score of 550 on the Test of English 
as a Foreign Language is required of applicants from non-English speaking countries. 

Master's Degree Requirements 

The Department offers both thesis and non-thesis options in its Master of Science program. 
The Departmental requirements for the non-thesis option include: at least four courses of the 
general physics sequence; a paper as evidence of ability to organize and present a written 
scholarly report on contemporar\- research: the passing at the master's level of one section of 
the Ph.D. qualifying exam: and the passing of a final oral examination. The thesis option's 
requirements include at least four courses of the general physics sequence, the graduate 
laboratory unless specially exempted, and the passing of an oral examination including a 
defense of thesis. 

Doctoral Degree Requirements 

The requirements for the Doctor of Philosophy degree in physics are set in general terms to 
allow the individual student as much freedom as possible to prepare a course of study suited 
to individual needs. These requirements are: competence in basic physics indicated by a 
satisfactory performance on a qualifying examination and in the graduate laboratory; a paper 
as evidence of the ability to organize and present a written scholarly report on contemporary 
research prior to candidacy; advanced course study outside the student's field of specialization 
consisting of at least two courses (six credits) in physics at the 700 or 800 level and two 
graduate courses (six credits) outside the physics program (this may include astronomy); PHYS 



210 Physics Program (PHYS) 



624 or 625 for students with theoretical theses; and research competence through active 
participation in at least two hours of seminar, 1 2 hours of thesis research, and the presentation 
and defense of an original dissertation. 

Facilities and Special Resources 

Current research in the Department spans an immense range of theoretical and experimental 
work on the forefront of knowledge, far too large to describe here. For details of the work 
in the various fields, and the faculty and facilities involved, the Department biannually releases 
a booklet entitled Research in Physics which can be obtained upon request. Out of the 85 
professional faculty members, 65 engage in separately budgeted research; 102 faculty members 
at other ranks also engage in research. In 1990-91, 97 graduate students also participated in 
research under stipends. The current federal support for research amounts to approximately 
16 million dollars annually, attesting to both the size and the quality of the program. 

There are close academic ties with the Institute of Physical Science and Technology on the 
campus; members of the Institute supervise graduate research and also teach physics courses. 
The Department also has ties with the University's Computer Science Center, which provides 
outstanding computer facilities for the university. In addition to using College Park campus 
facilities, graduate students can utilize resources of nearby federal laboratories under certain 
conditions. 

The University of Maryland is located within the metropolitan area of Washington, D.C., 
where it enjoys the proximity of a large number of outstanding institutions, such as NASA's 
Goddard Space Flight Center, the Naval Research Laboratory, the Naval Surface Weapons 
Center, the National Institute of Standards and Technology, the Johns Hopkins Applied Physics 
Laboratory, the Department of Energy, the National Institute of Health, the Library of 
Congress, and other federal institutions. The Department works closely with certain research 
groups at some of these institutions. In order to facilitate graduate study in the Washington 
area, the Department of Physics has adjunct professors in certain government laboratories. 
Students who desire to do graduate work in physics at a government agency should contact 
a member of the graduate faculty in the Department. 

Financial Assistance 

The Department offers both teaching and research assistantships. In 1990-91 approximately 
75 teaching assistants and 97 research assistants worked in the Department. Summer research 
stipends for advanced graduate students are customary, and a few summer teaching 
assistantships are available. The deadline for applications for financial support is February 1 
for assistantships and fellowships. Graduate students also can seek full-time or part-time 
employment in the many government and industry laboratories located within a few miles of 
the campus. 

Additional Information 

A booklet is available regarding the graduate program in physics. Graduate Study in 
Physics is a guidebook to procedural requirements and rules concerning the acquisition of 
higher degrees. Research in Physics describes the program's research activities and personnel. 



Poultry Science Program (POUL) 21 1 



listing the names of faculty and graduate students involved in various research projects, 
together with brief descriptions of those projects. For more information, contact: 

Mrs. Jean Clement, Secretary 
Graduate Entrance Committee 
Department of Physics 
University of Maryland 
College Park, MD 20742 
(301)405-5982 

For courses, see code PHYS. 



Poultry Science Program (POUL) 

Acting Chair: Soares 

Professors: Heath, Kuenzel, Ottinger, Soares, Thomas, Wabeck 

Associate Professors: Doerr, Mench, Murphy 

Adjunct Associate Professors: Rattner, Woods 

Note: Some courses in this program may require the use of animals. Please see the Statement 
on Animal Use and Care in the Appendix and the Policy Statement for Students under "Degree 
Requirements." 

The Department of Poultry Science offers graduate study leading to the Master of Science 
and the Doctor of Philosophy degrees. Areas of specialization include animal behavior, animal 
welfare, aquaculture, poultry management, neurobiology, biotechnology, micriobiology, 
nutrition and metabolism, physiology, poultry products technology, food safety, value-added 
products and mycotoxicology. 

There are many job opportunities for poultry science graduates in government research, 
industry and academia. 

Admission Information 

In addition to Graduate School and Departmental requirements, the Department also requires 
submission of Graduate Record Examination (GRE) results. Copies of specific requirements 
can be obtained from the Department. 

Master's Degree Requirements 

The Master's program requires: 1) 30 credits of course work, including BCHM 461 and 
BIOM 401; 2) an annual seminar; and 3) a thesis. 

Doctoral Degree Requirements 

The Ph.D. program requires: 1) completion of course requirements, including BCHM 462 
and BIOM 602; 2) a written qualifying examination testing fundamental knowledge in the 



212 Psychology Program (PSYC) 



field; 3) an oral examination on the proposed research; 4) an annual seminar; and 5) a 
dissertation. 

Facilities and Special Resources 

The Department has excellent animal housing facilities on a farm and in a new research 
building for broiler and layer chickens, fish, quail and mice (for hybridoma research). 
Laboratories are modem and well-equipped with instruments such as amino acid analyzers, 
atomic absorption spectrophotometers, scintillation counters, gas chromatographs, HPLCs, 
Instron texture analyzers. Grass polygraphs, EIA readers, video equipment, radiotelemetry 
devices, fluorescence and light microscopes, and image analysis systems. 

Specialized laboratories provide research capability in behavior, food science, microbiology, 
molecular biology, nutrition, physiology and tissue culture. Students can also conduct research 
at an on-campus poultry farm. In addition, a new off-campus research facility in the heart of 
Maryland's poultry industry permits field studies and interaction with industry-based research. 

Financial Assistance 

Graduate research assistantships and teaching assistantships are available for qualified 
applicants. 

Additional Information 

A complete description of the degree requirements in the Poultry Science Program and the 
admission process are available on request from: 

Dr. Joy A. Mench 
Director of Graduate Studies 
Department of Poultry Science 
3113 Animal Science Center 
University of Maryland 
College Park, MD 20742-2315 
(391) 405-5775 

For courses, see codes ANSC, BIOM, and BCHM. 



Psychology Program (PSYC) 

Acting Chair: Smith 

Professors: Anderson, Brauth, Dies, Dooling, Fretz, Gelso, Goldstein, Gollub, Hall, Helms, 

Hill, Hodos, Horton, Kruglanski, Locke, Lorion, Magoon', Martin, Mclntire, Mills, Penner, 

Schneider, Scholnick, Sigall, Smith, Steinman, Stemheim, Trickett, Tyler 

Professor Emeritus: Levinson 

Associate Professors: Brown, Coursey, Freeman", Guzzo, Klein, Larkin, Norman, O' Grady, 

Plude, Steele 

Assistant Professors: Alexander, Hanges, Johnson, Stangor, Yager 



Psychology Program (PSYC) 213 



'Joint appointment uith Business and Management 

"Joint appointment with Counseling and Personnel Services 

Note: Some courses in this program may require the use of animals. Please see the Statement 
on Animal Use and Care in the Appendix and the Policy Statement for Students under "Degree 
Requirements." 

The Department of Psychology offers training leading to the Doctor of Philosophy degree. 
The number of graduate students is limited by Departmental ruling to a ratio of four resident 
students per member of the Graduate faculty, ensuring close and intimate contact in research 
and seminars. Programs leading to the Doctor of Philosophy degree are offered in the areas 
of clinical, counseling, experimental, industrial, applied developmental psychology and social 
psychology. The experimental area is further subdivided into three fields of study: 
biopsychology, cognitive and psycholinguistics, and sensory and perceptual processes. Many 
areas have a range of disciplines (e.g., engineering psychology) in which the student may 
specialize. The Department's doctoral programs in both Clinical and Counseling Psychology 
have been appro\ed by the American Psychological Association. 

Admission Information 

The Department accepts only those applicants who have demonstrated superior aptitude and 
appear capable of completing the requirements for the doctoral degree. All of the specialty 
areas offer doctoral level programs and do not accept students who are interested in terminal 
Master of Arts degrees. The average scores of students admitted for the 1990-91 academic 
year were: GRE V+Q 1300, GRE Psychology 600. GPA 3.7. Psychology GPA 3.8. The 
Department of Psychology encourages applications from minority groups and women. 
Applicants must submit applications each year by Januar)' 5 (preferably December 1 ) for 
entrance the next fall because available spaces are usually filled early. 

Master's Degree Requirements 

While the course of study in the Department of Psychology is at the doctoral level, most 
students choose to earn the M.A. or M.S. degree en route to the Ph.D. The M.A. or M.S. 
degree requirements are 30 hours of coursework including two courses in statistics and three 
core courses. A research thesis is also required. Advancement to the third and the fourth year 
of doctoral level work is based upon satisfacton, completion of core courses, work in the 
student's specialty area and completion of the research requirement. 

Doctoral Degree Requirements 

A minimum of 72 credit hours bevond the B.A. is required for a doctoral degree. All 
students who enter with a B.A. are required to take two courses in statistics and five courses 
in areas outside their specialty program. These five courses must be core courses designed 
to provide basic information in a variety of specialty areas. The remaining credit hours 
(approximately 50 hours) are devoted to research and coursework in the participant's specialty 
program. If the student chooses a second specialt} , two advanced courses along with one core 
course may be taken in one coherent area. 



21 4 School of Public Affairs (PUAF) 



Facilities and Special Resources 

The Department is housed in a large modem building with facilities designed by the 
Department's faculty for training graduate students. In addition, its geographic location in a 
ouburb of Washington, D.C., makes accessible a wide variety of laboratory and training 
facilities in governmental and other agencies, as well as many prominent psychologists. 

Financial Assistance 

The Department gives financial aid to almost all incoming students. The Department of 
Psychology does not offer a part-time program. Students are required to attend classes, take 
part in research and teach as graduate assistants. Each of these assignments is considered a 
critical part of the graduate training program. It is not possible to obtain this type of education 
on a part-time basis. Thus, students are not permitted to hold off-campus jobs unless they are 
under the direct supervision of the faculty. 

Additional Information 

Additional information concerning the graduate program including specific program 
brochures and application materials may be obtained by writing: 

Graduate Secretary 

Department of Psychology, Room 1 220 

University of Maryland 

College Park, MD 20742-4411 

(301) 405-5865 

For courses, see code PSYC. 



Public Management, Public Policy, and Policy Studies Programs (School 
of Public Affairs - PUAF) 

Dean: Nacht 

Professors: Brown, Destler, Galston, Kelleher, Levy, Nacht, Schelling, Schick, Young 

Assistant Professors: Cohen, Cronin, Fetter 

Visiting Professors: Berger, Daalder, Turner 

Lecturers: Badgett, Powers, Slater 

The School of Public Affairs provides graduate-level, professional education in five 
disciplines: accounting, statistics, economics, politics and ethics. Students also specialize in 
either issues of government/private sector interaction, social policy, international security, 
environmental policy, or public sector financial management. The program is open to pre- 
career and mid-career graduate students and builds on the School's location in the 
BaltimoreAVashington corridor. 



School of Public Affairs (PUAF) 215 



Admission Information 

The School offers three degrees: the Master of Public Management (MPM) the Mid-Career 
Master of Public Policy (MPP), and a small Ph.D. program in policy studies. The School also 
offers joint degree programs with the School of Business (MPM/MBA) and the Law School 
(MPM/JD). In addition, several non-degree certificates are available. 

Master of Public Management Degree Requirements 

The MPM is a 48-credit professional degree combining a rigorous applied course of study 
with practical experience. About 35 students enter the program each fall. Although this 
number is small, the candidates come from a wide variety of undergraduate schools and 
majors. The average undergraduate GPA is approximately 3.4 and the average GRE score is 
620. All students are required to have successfully completed college level math before they 
enter the School. 

MPM students initially fulfill the core requirements that emphasize the tools of policy 
analysis: financial management, statistics, economics, politics, and ethics. They are also 
introduced to the policy-making process and to national, state and local policy makers. In 
addition to these core courses, first-year students may take one or two elective courses during 
the second semester. 

Between the first and second year, students are employed in federal, state or local 
government agencies or in private firms that deal extensively with government agencies. In 
addition to practical experience and the opportunity to use the skills acquired during the first 
year, these internships provide contacts and relationships useful for future projects and job 
placement. 

After completing the core curriculum, students specialize in one of five areas: Public Policy 
and Private Enterprise. Public Sector Financial Management. Environmental Policy, National 
Security Studies or Social Policy. Each specialization requires participation in a final project 
in which students work individually or in small groups conducting research on problems of 
interest to themselves and a government agency or private firm that sponsors them. 

Most MPM students take 12 credits per semester and finish the program in two years. 

Master of Public Policy Degree Requirements 

The MPP is a 36-credit degree program designed for mid-career students. This program 
helps individuals in the middle stages of their careers to update their understanding of today's 
complex public issues and to move into positions of greater authority and responsibility. 

The typical MPP candidate has worked in the public or public-related sector for a minimum 
of three years and is capable of handling a rigorous academic program and excelling in his/her 
professional career. Candidates enter the School with varied academic and professional 
backgrounds. Most have at least a 3.0 undergraduate GPA and have completed some college- 
level math and economics courses. If candidates do not have these courses in their background, 
admission may be contingent upon the successful completion of appropriate coursework. 



21 6 School of Public Affairs (PUAF) 



The MPP degree consists of two components: the core curriculum in Methods of Policy 
Analysis and a selected area of specialization in Public Sector Financial Management, Public 
Policy and Private Enterprise, Environmental Policy, National Security Studies, or Social 
Policy. 

Courses are offered throughout the day and evening. Students usually finish the degree in 
three years by taking two courses each fall and spring semester, but they are allowed to take 
more classes to accelerate their progress if they wish. 

Master of Public Policy candidates may also be considered for the Mid-Career Fellowship 
Program. Under the joint auspices of the School, various federal agencies and state and local 
governments, this program recognizes high potential employees for accelerated career 
development and education. Fellows participate in the Master of Public Policy degree program 
as well as a professional development series, which includes special seminars, guest speakers 
and management development retreats. 

MBA/MPM Joint Program 

The campus' College of Business and Management and the School of Public Affairs offer 
a joint program of studies leading to MBA and MPM degrees. Under the terms of the joint 
program, a student may earn both degrees in approximately five to six semesters. The 
accelerated program is possible because some courses can be credited toward both degrees. 
Candidates must be admitted to both programs separately. 

Under the joint program, 66 credits are required for graduation, split fairly equally between 
the programs. Grade point averages in each program will be computed separately and students 
must maintain minimum standards in each school to continue in the program. A student must 
complete both programs satisfactorily in order to receive both degrees. If a student's 
enrollment is terminated in either program, the student may elect to complete work for the 
degree in which he or she remains enrolled, but such completion must be upon the same 
conditions as required of regular (nonjoint program) degree candidates. Student programs 
must be approved by the Assistant Dean of the School of Public Affairs and the MBA 
Program Director. For further discussion of admission and degree requirements, students 
should see the admissions requirements for each program. 

MPM/JD Joint Program 

The School of Public Affairs, together with the School of Law which is located on the 
Baltimore campus of the University of Maryland, offers a joint program of studies leading to 
MPM and JD degrees. Under the terms of the joint program, a student may earn both degrees 
in four academic years. The accelerated program is possible because some courses can be 
credited toward both degrees. Candidates must apply for admission to the Law School as well 
as the Graduate School at College Park and must be admitted to both programs. 

Under the joint program, 75 credits in the Law School coupled with 39 credits in the School 
of Public Affairs are required for graduation. Grade point averages in each program will be 
computed separately and students must maintain minimum standards in each school to continue 
in the program. A student must complete both programs satisfactorily in order to receive both 



School of Public Affairs (PUAF) 21 7 



degrees. If a student's enrollment is terminated in either program, the student may elect to 
complete work for the degree in which he or she remains enrolled, but such completion must 
be upon the same conditions as required of regular (non-joint program) degree candidates. 
Student programs must be approved by the deans of each school. For further discussion of 
admission and degree requirements, students should consult each school's catalog. 

Doctoral Degree Requirements 

The School of Public Affairs Ph.D. in Policy Studies is directed at individuals who have 
received a Master of Public Management or Master of Public Policy degree from the School 
of Public Affairs, or a similar degree from a program comparable in content and quality to the 
School's program. Admission is also open to individuals with a distinguished academic record 
who are in their final year or have completed a master's degree program in a public policy 
related subject such as economics, political science, statistics, physics or philosophy. Ph.D. 
candidates are expected to maintain full-time student status until they have passed the core 
exams, and until their draft dissertation prospectus has been approved. This process is 
expected to take between one and two full years. Ph.D. candidates are expected to complete 
six examinations: (a) three core examinations designed to test a candidate's knowledge at the 
master's level in the School's core curriculum; (b) two specialized field examinations 
containing both oral and written components; (c) a final examination on the candidate's 
dissertation prospectus. A faculty member at the School must agree to serve as the Ph.D. 
applicant's academic sponsor in the program. To facilitate the selection of a sponsor, 
applicants should include as part of their application a description of the general areas in 
which they want to study and write their dissertation. 

Certificate Programs 

The School offers 18 credit (6 courses) Certificate Programs in four areas: Methods of 
Policy Analysis, Public Policy and Private Enterprise, Public Management, and National 
Security Studies. 

Facilities and Special Resources 

Faculty members and alumni of the School of Public Affairs have strong, on-going 
relationships with the entire Washington policy-making community. These resources are 
particularly useful for gaining access to information regarding internship and permanent 
employment opportunies. 

Financial Assistance 

The School has financial aid available in the form of fellowships and graduate assistantships. 
All qualified applicants are considered. 

Additional Information 

For additional information, contact: 



218 Reliability Engineering Program (ENRE) 



The Assistant Dean for Student Affairs 

School of PubUc Affairs 

2106 Morrill Hall 

University of Maryland 

College Park, MD 20742 

(301) 405-6330 

For courses, see code PUAF. 



Reliability Engineering Program (ENRE) 

Director: Roush 

Professors: Ball, Kotz (BMGT); Chopra (ENAE); Asbjomsen (ENCH); Prey, Ja'Ja' (ENEE); 

Bryan (ENFP); Dally, Harhalakis, Magrab (ENME); Silverman (ENNU); Roush (ENRE); 

Smith (STAT) 

Associate Professors: Barlow (ENAE); Ayyub (ENCE); Pecht (ENME); Pertmer (ENNU); 

Modarres (ENRE) 

Assistant Professors: Fuja, Goldsman (ENEE); Mosleh (ENRE) 

Adjunct Professors: Jones, Raheja, Weiss 

The interdisciplinary Reliability Engineering Program, administratively part of the Nuclear 
Engineering Program, offers graduate study leading to the Master of Science and Doctor of 
Philosophy degrees. An individual plan of graduate study compatible with the student's 
interest and background is established by the student in consultation with an adviser and the 
Program Director. 

Admission Information 

Students with a Bachelor of Science degree in engineering, physics or mathematics and who 
achieved a GPA of at least 3.0 on a 4.0 scale are eligible to apply for admission to the 
program, which is competitive. In addition to the general Graduate School rules, certain 
special degree requirements are set forth in program publications. 

Master's Degree Requirements 

The M.S. degree program offers both a thesis option (24 hours of coursework plus a thesis) 
and a non-thesis option (30 hours of coursework, a written comprehensive examination, and 
a research paper). Course requirements include ENRE 462, 470, 609, 620, 668, and 674. 

Doctoral Degree Requirements 

For the Ph.D. degree, students must complete a minimum of 42 semester hours of graduate- 
approved courses with at least 30 semester hours at the 600 level or above (this includes all 
required courses for the M.S. plus 12 additional 600 level credits, six of which must be in 
ENRE). Each student must satisfy a Ph.D. qualifying examination with written and oral parts 
in addition to meeting all dissertation and final oral examination requirements. 



Russian Language, Literature and Linguistics Program (RUSS) 219 

Facilities and Special Resources 

Students and faculty involved in research in the Program have access to a host of special 
facilities in the College of Engineering, including the nuclear reactor, an 8 MeV electron linear 
reactor, several DEC VAX clusters, an MTS 220 KiP uniaxial testing machine, an x-ray 
machine, and an environmental chamber. In addition, the library resources on campus and in 
the Washington-Baltimore area are superb. 

Financial Assistance 

Teaching and research assistantships, fellowships and scholarships are available for qualified 
students. For those reliability engineering students who seek employment in the area, the 
Program Director will provide assistance. 

Additional Information 

Requests for further information concerning the program can be obtained by writing: 

Director, Reliability Engineering Program 
University of Maryland 
College Park, MD 20742-2115 
(301) 405-7299 

For courses, see code ENRE. 



Russian Language, Literature and Linguistics Program (RUSS) 

Chair: Pfister 

Professors: Brecht, Pfister 

Associate Professors: Berry, Glad, Hitchcock 

Assistant Professors: Lekic, Martin 

The Russian Program of the Department of Germanic and Slavic Languages and Literatures 
offers graduate study leading the Master of Arts degree. Students may specialize in either 
language, linguistics, and/or literature. 

Admission Information 

In addition to the Graduate School requirements, candidates should have a bachelor's degree 
with a major in Russian Language and Literature, Russian Language and Linguistics or the 
equivalent with a fluency in the written and spoken language. 

Master's Degree Requirements 

The M.A. degree program offers both a thesis and non-thesis option. For the thesis option, 
the student must complete 24 hours of coursework, the thesis with an oral defense and a 
written comprehensive examination. The non-thesis option requires 30 hours of coursework. 



220 Sociology Program (SOCY) 



a mini-thesis with oral defense and a written comprehensive examination. For both options 
the comprehensives consist of four two-hour examinations based on the coursework and the 
M.A. reading Ust. 

Facilities and Special Resources 

In addition to its course offerings listed below, the Russian Section of the Department of 
Germanic and Slavic Languages and Literatures sponsors distinguished Russian curriculum 
consultants. Also sponsored by the section is the Russian Club and the University of 
Maryland Chapter of Dobro Slovo (the National Russian Language Honors Society). 
Distinguished scholars and lecturers, as well as visiting professors, visit the metropolitan area 
and campus regularly. College Park's proximity to Washington D.C., facilitates participation 
in the many cultural functions of the capital as well as access to research facilities such as The 
Kennan Institute for Advanced Russian Studies and the Library of Congress. 

Financial Assistance 

The Russian section offers graduate teaching assistantships, and the Graduate School offers, 
on a competitive basis, various fellowships and grants. 

Additional Information 

For further information, write to: 

Director of Graduate Studies, Russian Program 

Department of Germanic and Slavic Languages and Literatures 

University of Maryland 

College Park, MD 20742 

(301) 405-4091 

For courses, see codes RUSS and SLAV. 



Sociology Program (SOCY) 

Chair: Falk 

Professors: Brown, Clignet, Falk, Hage, Hamilton, Kammeyer, Meeker, H. Presser, S. 

Presser, Ritzer, Robinson. D. Segal, Teachman 

Professors Emeriti: Dager, Lejins 

Associate Professors: Finsterbusch, Henkel, J. Hunt, L. Hunt, Landry, Lengermann, 

Mclntyre, Pease, M. Segal, Vanneman 

Assistant Professors: Harper, Kahn, Malhotra, Neustadtl 

Affiliate Professors: Billingsley, Favero, Fink, Gonzalez, Gurevitch, Levy, Loftin, Longest, 

Wilson 

The Graduate Program in Sociology offers coursework leading to the Master of Arts and 
Doctor of Philosophy degrees. Areas of emphasis in the Department include: demography 
(with a particular stress placed on gender and equality); gender, work, and family; militaiy 



Sociology Program (SOCY) 221 



sociology; organizations, occupation, and labor markets; political economy; social psychology; 
and theoretical sociology. 

Within the last three years, about half the students finishing Ph.D. degrees in the Sociology 
Department have found employment as college-level teachers, and about half are working in 
research, administration and consulting in federal, state or private organizations. Our location 
in the Washington D.C., area offers an unusual number of full-time research opportunities for 
our graduate students. 

Admission Information 

Admission to the graduate program is based upon the student's academic record, GRE scores, 
letters of recommendation and other information relevant to the applicant's chances of being 
successful in the program. Although a previous major in sociology is not required, students 
entering the master's degree program should have had the following in undergraduate courses: 
mathematics through college algebra, elementary statistics, sociological theory and sociological 
research methods. Students entering the Ph.D. program should have had at least one graduate 
level course each in sociological theory, sociological research methods and statistics. Students 
deficient in any of these areas may be admitted to the program provisionally, but they must 
satisfy the requirements during their first year in the program. 

Both M.A. and Ph.D. students are required to have an adviser. The Director of Graduate 
Studies acts as adviser ex-officio during the first semester after which students choose one 
among the faculty (they can change advisers over the course of their studies). 

Master's Degree Requirements 

A minimum of 30 hours is required for the master's degree to include 1) two courses in 
statistics; 2) one in methodology; 3) one in theory; 4) a one credit course to learn the 
University of Maryland computer facilities and 5) six credits of thesis research (799). A thesis 
is required. Usually, this phase of the program can be completed in two years. 

Doctoral Degree Requirements 

Ph.D. candidates must have met all the master's degree requirements. In addition, they must 
complete a minimum of 24 credit hours of course work and 1 2 credits of dissertation research 
beyond the M.A. courses. Specific Ph.D. requirements include: 1) A set of three courses in 
each of two specialties (independent reading courses do not count and the same course carmot 
be counted twice); 2) one additional course in theory; 3) one additional course in methodology; 
4) one course (SOCY 701) integrating methods and theory; 5) a one-credit course to get 
acquainted with the computer (if not taken at the master's level); and 6) 12 credit hours of 
dissertation research. 

After completion of the coursework, doctoral students must pass two examinations qualifying 
them to write their dissertations in the specialties of their choice. Upon the recommendation 
of the appropriate faculty member, the Department Graduate Committee approves the 
coursework qualifying students to present the two examinations. 



222 Spanish Language and Literature Program (SPAP) 



Facilities and Special Resources 

The Sociology Department's facilities include data processing and computer capabilities, the 
Center on Population, Gender and Inequality, the Survey Research Center, the Center on 
Innovations and a Department library. The campus has excellent computer facilities and 
computer time is readily available to faculty and graduate students. 

Financial Assistance 

Financial assistance for graduate students is available through teaching and research 
assistantships, and for advanced students through part-time instructorships. There are also a 
limited number of fellowships available, including several for members of groups 
underrepresented in sociology. All carry a stipend plus tuition remission. 

Additional Information 

For additional information and application forms, write or call: 

Director of Graduate Studies 
Sociology Department 
University of Maryland 
College Park, MD 20742-1315 
(301) 405-6390 

For courses, see code SOCY. 



Spanish Language and Literature Program (SPAP) 

Chair: Sosnowski 

Professors: Aguilar-Mora, Nemes, Pacheco, Sarlo, Sosnowski 

Associate Professors: Igel, Phaf 

Assistant Professors: Benito- Vessels, Butler, Lavine, Naharro-Calderon, Rabasa, Sanjines 

The Department of Spanish and Portuguese offers graduate programs leading to the degrees 
of Master of Arts and Doctor of Philosophy in Spanish. The Department's offerings are 
designed to provide the required advanced training in language, literature, and linguistics for 
achieving professional excellence in high school and college teaching and for undertaking 
creative research in related fields of inquiry. 

Employment statistics show that opportunities for the Department's M.A. and Ph.D. 
graduates have been excellent during the last 15 years. All our M.A. graduates have found 
employment commensurate with their academic training. Most graduates have entered 
teaching careers while several work in government agencies and international organizations. 
During the same period, all of our Ph.D. graduates who planned to undertake careers in 
teaching and research have obtained satisfactory appointments at colleges and universities. 
The important role played in this country by Hispanics and the recognition of their cultural 
imprint bode well for future expansion in all areas related to this particular field. 



Spanish Language and Literature Program (SPAP) 223 



Admission Information 

In addition to the Graduate School requirements, candidates should have a bachelor's degree 
with a major in Spanish Language and Literature, or the equivalent with fluency in the written 
and spoken language. 

Master's Degree Requirements 

The Department offers both a non-thesis option and the thesis option for the master's degree. 
A total of 30 credit hours are required for the non-thesis option with three credits in 
linguistics; three credits in literary theory and/or criticism; fifteen credits in either Spanish or 
Spanish- American literature, one of which is to be considered the candidate's "major" 
literature; and nine credits in the other or "non-major" literature. A one-credit course in 
methodology is required of all teaching assistants. Students must also submit a written 
scholarly paper in the final semester of their program which will be read and evaluated by at 
least two appropriate faculty members. 

Students who choose to write a thesis must meet the same criteria stated above, except that 
the course requirement in the "major" literature is reduced from fifteen to nine credits with six 
hours of thesis research credit required. All M.A. candidates must take a comprehensive 
examination. 

Doctoral Degree Requirements 

The doctoral degree is a research and specialized degree and it does not require a fixed 
number of credit hours. Before admission to candidacy, the student must demonstrate: 1) a 
thorough knowledge of the literary production in the chosen area (Spanish or Spanish- 
American Literature); 2) an in-depth knowledge of the field of specialization; 3) proficiency 
in a minimum of two fields of the other Hispanic literature; 4) a reading knowledge of a 
language other than Spanish and English, to be used as a research tool in the field of 
specialization; 5) one course in linguistics, such as "History of the Spanish Language"; 6) a 
minimum of one course in literary theory and/or criticism; 7) acquaintance with a third 
literature (e.g. Luso-Brazilian, French, or English); and 8) a background in supporting fields 
to be used as research tools (e.g. history, philosophy, political science, sociology, or art). 
Students must pass a comprehensive examination for the Ph.D. in addition to presenting a 
dissertation. 

Facilities and Special Resources 

The Department maintains a special research and reference library for graduate students of 
Spanish in honor of one of its former instructors, the late Pedro F. Entenza. Dr. Sosnowski 
is the editor of the literary journal Hispamerica . 

Since the fall of 1987, the Department of Spanish and Portuguese and the Latin American 
Studies Center have been presenting a special six-year academic program titled Discovering 
the Americas, which focuses on the cultural encounter of the worlds that shaped our modem 
history. The project has been divided into three two-year cycles that encompass the following 
areas: 1) Pre-Columbian cultures, 2) Africa in the Americas, and 3) Spain in the Americas. 



224 Special Education Program (EDSP) 



Every year the Department holds symposia and offers lectures and graduate courses given by 
specialists in each area. Lectures are published in the "1992 Working Papers Series." J 

The Department has also received a four-year award, and a two-year renewal grant, from the 
Rockefeller Foundation for Postdoctoral Fellowships in the Humanities. Fellows working on 
a variety of research projects on "The Languages and Cultures of Latin America" are 
distinguished scholars from major Latin American, European and North American institutions. 
These scholars remain a semester or a year in residence and are available for consultation by 
faculty and graduate students. The Fellows' major addresses are published in a separate series 
by the Latin American Studies Center, which also publishes a newsletter four times per year. 
The Department has also been the recipient of two major grants from the National Endowment 
for the Humanities to hold Summer Institutes for College Teachers on the Encounter of 
Cultures. The first Institute was held in Mexico in 1989, and the second in Brazil in 1992. 

Financial Assistance 

Financial assistance in the form of fellowships and assistantships is available for qualified 
applicants. 

Additional Information 

For additional information please contact: 



Professor Jorge Aguilar-Mora 
Department of Spanish and Portuguese 
University of Maryland 
College Park, MD 20742 
(301) 405-6446 

For courses, see code SPAP. 



Special Education Program (EDSP) 

Chair: Burke 

Professors: Burke, Egel, Hebeler 

Associate Professors: Beckman, Cooper, Graham, Harris, Kohl, Leone, Moon, Speece 

Assistant Professors: Anderson, Harry, Lieber, Neubert 

Research Associates: Adger, Florian, Mac Arthur, McLaughlin, Rembacki 

Graduate studies in the Department of Special Education include programs leading to Master 
of Arts and Master of Education degrees. Advanced Graduate Specialist certificates, and 
Doctor of Education and Doctor of Philosophy degrees. Areas of concentration may include: 
learning disabilities; behavior disorders; severely handicapped (including autism); early 
childhood (including infancy); gifted and talented; educationally handicapped; and secondary 
and transition special education. Concentrations in special education administration and 
supervision and policy studies are also available at the doctoral level. 



Special Education Program (EDSP) 225 



Historically, employment opportunities for special education graduates have been excellent. 
Students who graduate with a master's degree in special education may find many leadership 
positions in the public schools such as master teachers. Opportunities also exist in private 
settings in positions such as coordinators, administrators or other specialized support staff. 
Doctoral degree graduates may find university faculty positions or professional staff positions 
in state departments of education, the federal government and in the public schools. Private 
agencies and organizations may also seek doctoral graduates as directors or specialized support 
staff. 

Admission Information 

The master's program requires a 3.0 undergraduate grade point average and the submission 
of the Miller Analogies Test or the Graduate Record Examination test scores. Admission to 
an A.G.S. or doctoral program requires a 3.5 grade point average in previous graduate studies 
and either a 3.0 undergraduate grade point average or at least a 40 percentile on the Miller 
Analogies Test or Graduate Record Examination. 

Graduate programs are planned individually by the student and adviser to reflect the 
individual student's background, goals and the level of competency he or she seeks. 
Individual programming by students and advisers allows wide latitude of career direction 
within the field of special education upon completion of graduate study. 

Master's Degree Requirements 

Graduate study in special education requires advanced competencies in the education of 
exceptional children. Students who enter the program with special education certification are 
required to take a minimum of 36 credit hours. Students who enter without academic 
preparation in education are required to take approximately 60 credit hours; students who enter 
with early childhood, elementary or secondary education certification are required to take 
approximately 45 credit hours. Upon completion of the degree, students in each of these 
categories may qualify for Maryland State Certification in Special Education. 

Students enrolled in the master's degree program in special education may earn the Master 
of Arts degree or the Master of Education degree. Specific basic course requirements in 
special education are the same for either program with differentiation of thesis requirements. 
The student generally takes a minimum of 15 hours in special education and determines with 
his or her adviser the specific programs and number of credit hours required according to the 
student's background and career plans. 

Doctoral Degree Requirements 

The Advanced Graduate Specialist certificate in special education is available to students 
who wish to take graduate courses beyond the master's level. The minimum number of 
graduate hours for the A.G.S. is 60. The core of the program should be made up of special 
education courses and other work within the College of Education or other colleges of the 
university as approved by the student's adviser and the special education graduate faculty. 



226 Special Education Program (EDSP) 



The Ph.D. in special education is targeted primarily toward research, scholarship and 
educational leadership. The selection of areas of emphasis or the major concentrations listed 
above achieve these goals. Graduate work at the doctoral level can also be done in 
educational administration and supervision, and policy development and implementation for 
individuals with disabilities with a specialized national focus. The Ed.D. is focused on these 
same areas but has an emphasis on applied research and programming. A variety of minor 
specializations taken outside the Department is also possible. Content coursework in the areas 
of administration and policy studies is developed in collaboration with other departments in 
the college and university. 

Students pursuing the doctoral program in special education must have completed the Master 
of Arts degree or the Master of Education degree and may elect to work for either the Ed.D. 
or Ph.D. degree. A student in the doctoral program will generally complete a minimum of 90 
hours of graduate study of which 30 to 40 hours will be in the major field. Candidates must 
develop doctoral-level competencies in research and in any of the areas of specialization listed 
above that fulfill their professional goals. Students should consult the Department Statement 
on Graduate Programs for more information. 

Facilities and Special Resources 

The Special Education Program's strengths include integrated field experiences, special 
education research facilities and faculty members whose diverse backgrounds enable the 
Department to maintain an integrated approach. 

Financial Assistance 

A limited number of fellowships, assistantships and/or grants are available to qualified 
applicants. 

Additional Information 

Prospective graduate students are requested to consult Graduate Programs in Special 
Education, for additional specific information on Departmental programs, admissions 
procedures and financial aid. To obtain this booklet, please contact: 

Chair 

Special Education Program 

1308 Benjamin Building 

University of Maryland 

College Park, MD 20742 

(301)405-6515 

For courses, see code EDSP. 



Speech Communication Program (SPCM) 227 



Speech Communication Program (SPCM) 

Chair: Wolvin 

Professors: Fink, Freimuth, Solomon, Wolvin 

Associate Professors: Falcione, Gaines, Klumpp, McCaleb 

Assistant Professors: Edgar, Goldsmith, Shaw 

The Department of Speech Communication offers graduate study leading to the Master of 
Arts and Doctor of Philosophy degrees. Areas of study include health communication, 
organizational communication, political communication, inter-personal communication, 
cognition and persuasion, instructional communication, intercultural communication, 
communication research methodology, argumentation, history of rhetoric, rhetorical theory, and 
public address. 

Students with both research and pre-professional objectives enter the master's program and 
about one-half of them pursue doctoral study or an academic career. Others fmd employment 
after graduation in public health communication, personnel training and development, corporate 
communication, government policy research and speechwriting and other areas that require a 
highly developed knowledge of human communication. In the doctoral program, which is a 
research degree, the vast majority of the students pursue academic careers. Others work in 
public policy research, public health communication research, and other professions requiring 
highly developed research skills. 

Admission Information 

Admission to both the M.A. and Ph.D. programs is based on the student's prior academic 
record, GRE scores, letters of recommendation, statement of interest in graduate work, and 
other information relevant to the applicant's chances of successfully completing the program. 
Although most students will have a prior degree in communication, others with an interest in 
studying communication are routinely admitted with additional courses assigned to remedy 
deficiencies. 

Master's Degree Requirements 

A minimum of 30 hours is required for the master's degree. Students who select the thesis 
option complete an original research project that contributes significantly to our knowledge of 
human communication. Those who select the non-thesis option complete a comprehensive 
examination and revise a research paper in their area of interest suitable for public presentation 
or publication. All students, regardless of option, are required to attain minimal knowledge 
of the fundamentals of communication inquiry (assessed through a foundations exam) and 
competency in both humanistic and social scientific research methods. 

Doctoral Degree Requirements 

The Ph.D. requires (1) coursework which introduces current research in an area of 
specialization in speech communication, a cognate discipline, and research methods; (2) a 
comprehensive examination which follows completion of the coursework and certifies mastery 
of current knowledge and preparation to conduct independent research; and (3) the successful 



228 Sustainable Development and Conservation Biology Program (CONS) 

completion of a dissertation which contributes significant new insights to our knowledge of 
human communication. 

Facilities and Special Resources 

The campus provides extensive mainframe and software computer resources and excellent 
library collections in communication. In addition, the Washington metropolitan area provides 
research and laboratory facilities for studying communication unmatched by other research 
departments in the discipline. Students in health communication have opportunities to work 
with Departmental research teams and participate in internship programs at the National 
Institutes of Health, the American Red Cross and other public health organizations. Students 
in organizational communication work with a broad range of voluntary, governmental, business 
and professional organizations that make the nation's capital their home. Students in political 
communication are immersed in the formal and informal institutions of American government. 
Students in rhetoric and public address draw upon the holdings of the Library of Congress, the 
National Archives and many public and private archival collections such as the Smithsonian 
Institution and the George Meany Center for Labor Studies. 

Also, the Speech Communication Colloquium Series allows students the opportunity to 
interact with noted communication scholars from across the country. Each semester several 
outside speakers come to College Park to present their current research in a public forum. 

Financial Assistance 

Most Departmental financial aid is in the form of teaching assistantships. Also, the 
Department nominates outstanding applicants for competitive Graduate School fellowships. 
To be considered for aid, the deadline for Fall semester is February 1 . The final deadline for 
consideration for aid for Spring semester is October 1. Only M.A. students are admitted for 
the Spring semester. 

Additional Information 

For additional information on graduate study in Speech Communication, contact: 

Director of Graduate Studies 
Department of Speech Communication 
University of Maryland 
College Park, MD 20742-1221 
(301)405-6519 

For courses, see code SPCH. 



Sustainable Development and Conservation Biology Program (CONS) 

Acting Director: Inouye 

Professors: Barbosa (ENTM). Brown (AREC), Denno (ENTM), Gill (ZOOL), Hueth 

(AREC), McConnell (AREC), Reaka-Kudla (ZOOL) 



Sustainable Development and Conservation Biology Program (CONS) 229 



Associate Professors: Borgia (ZOOL), Forseth (BOTN), Inouye (ZOOL) 
Assistant Professors: Dietz (ZOOL), Dudash (BOTN), Fenster (BOTN), Fetter 
(PUAF), Wilkinson (ZOOL) 

The principal objective of the Program is to provide graduate training in Conservation 
Biology. This emerging field of study is driven by the current and future demise of 
biodiversity, accelerating global change, environmental decay, and the complex relationship 
between resolving these concerns and meeting the needs of the human population. More 
generally, the program's objectives are to: 1) Provide broad, multidisciplinary training in the 
core areas of biological conservation, resource economics, and policy analysis, and 2) 
Explicitly link the conflicting topics of sound conservation of natural resources with 
sustainable development to meet human needs. 

Master's degree holders will be well-prepared to address conservation issues for employers 
in the private sector and in local, state and national government posts; and to enter University 
of Maryland Ph.D. programs for further, specialized training. The Program will have a 
particular emphasis on Latin America, and we estimate that about half of the approximately 
12 students we admit each year will come from that geographical area. 

Admission Information 

Applicants must have an undergraduate degree, and undergraduate training in at least one of 
the areas of ecology, economics (microeconomics), or policy. Applications require official 
transcripts, three letters of recommendation, a statement of purpose for applying, and 
satisfactory results from the Graduate Record Exam. Foreign applicants must demonstrate 
proficiency in English by taking the TOEFL or another English-language test. 

Master's Degree Requirements 

This Master's of Science program was initiated in 1991 to provide new training and 
educational emphasis in the area of conservation and sustainable development. The program 
applies an interdisciplinary and experiential approach to the problems of biological 
conservation in relation to economic development necessary to meet human needs. It includes 
four components: (1) Core courses in each of: ecology and conservation biology, resource 
economics, public policy, multi-disciplinary problem solving; (2) Elective courses from a wide 
array of disciplines; (3) An internship experience for one semester or summer in an agency 
relevant to the student's career interests; (4) A thesis that uses readily available data to analyze 
a conservation or development project from the perspective of biological conservation and 
economic benefits and leads to 
policy recommendations. 

Course requirements for the program total 39 credits. This is intended to be a two-year 
program. 

Facilities and Special Resources 

The program was originated and is directed by faculty from the Department of Zoology but 
is campus-wide in scope. Thus, students will have access to a wide range of laboratory and 



230 Systems Engineering Program (ENSE) 



other facilities on campus and to the many special state, federal and international agencies 
unique to the Washington, D.C., area. 

Financial Assistance 

Students applying to the Program may be nominated for graduate fellowships or may be 
supported on graduate assistantships. Fellowship and assistantship offers are made on the 
basis of past academic performance, research potential and availability of funds. 

Additional Information 

If you would like additional information on this program, please contact: 

Dr. David Inouye, Acting Director 
Graduate Program in CONS 
Department of Zoology 
University of Maryland 
College Park, MD 20742 
(301) 405-7409 
FAX: (301) 314-9566 

For courses, see codes CONS, ZOOL, ENTM, PUAF, AREC, BOTN, GEOG. 



Systems Engineering Program (ENSE) 

Director: Asbjomsen 

Professors: Ball (BMGT); Shneiderman (CMSC); McAvoy (ENCH); Baras, Blankenship, 

Ephremides, Krishnaprasad, Levine, Makowski, Marcus, Tits (ENEE); Anand, Tsai (ENME); 

Asbjomsen (ENNU); Berenstein, Kedem (MATH) 

Associate Professors: Hevner (BMGT); Hendler, Nau (CMSC); Akin (ENAE); Zarifiou 

(ENCH); Abed, Farvardin, Geraniotis, Narayan, Shamma, Shayman (ENEE); Harhalakis, Pecht 

(ENME) 

Assistant Professors: Celi (ENAE); Austin (ENCE); Mavrovouniotis (ENCH); Dayawansa, 

Fuja, Liu, Milor, Papamarcou (ENEE); Minis, Zhang (ENME) 

Assistant Research Scientists: Loncaric, Dayhoff (SRC) 

The College of Engineering, through the Systems Research Center, offers a graduate program 
leading to the Master of Science degree in Systems Engineering. Specialization is possible 
in automation systems, computer systems, information systems, manufacturing systems, 
process systems, and operations research. The Program draws upon the expertise of the SRC's 
interdisciplinary faculty, as shown above. It provides broad and generalized training in 
systems engineering principles as they have developed in industrial and government practices 
and gives deeper and more specialized training in systems engineering within the various 
branches of the engineering profession. The Program requires a good general foundation in 
science and technology, at least at equivalent of a bachelor's degree in engineering or physical 
science. Prior industrial experience is an added advantage. 



Systems Engineering Program (ENSE) 231 



Admission Information 

All applicants must meet the general admission requirements of the Graduate School. In 
addition, applicants must have a minimum 3.0 GPA from an accredited undergraduate program 
in engineering, mathematics, or physical science. Requirements for the master's thesis (non- 
thesis option is not available) are those of the Graduate School and must be completed within 
5 years. 

Master's Degree Requirements 

A total of 30 credit hours of course work must be taken (four courses from the systems 
engineering core, three courses from the management core, and three elective courses). The 
elective courses must be taken from one specialization area. In addition, a systems 
engineering thesis project demonstrating the practical implications of systems engineering 
principles is required (6 credit hours). The thesis project, which may be related to a practical 
industrial system, must be supervised by a faculty member. 

Facilities and Special Resources 

The laboratory environment, an essential component in the development of both research and 
education programs at the Systems Research Center, provides inter-disciplinary opportunities 
for faculty and students to work together. Fourteen laboratories are associated with the Center, 
ten of which are key constituent laboratories. Integrated design of automation and information 
engineering systems guides the real-life experiments and research in all the laboratories. The 
integration of symbolic and numerical computation is emphasized. Symbolic languages such 
as LISP, PROLOG, and MACSYMA offer a superior medium for design problem definition, 
conceptualization, implementation, and engineering systems modeling. Prototype designs both 
in hardware and software have led to technological discoveries and patentable inventions. 

Financial Assistance 

Financial assistance may be available to graduate students in the form of graduate research 
assistantships, teaching assistantships and fellowships (from the SRC or the Graduate School). 
Normally, assistantships and/or fellowships provide remission of tuition (10 credits per 
semester) and other benefits. Financial assistance is awarded, subject to the availability of 
funds, and is renewable based upon satisfactory academic and research progress. 

Additional Information 

Information regarding the program may be obtained by writing to: 

M.S. Program in Systems Engineering 
A.V. Williams Building (115) 
University of Maryland 
College Park, MD 20742 
(301)405-6631 

For courses, see code ENSE. 



232 Theatre Program (THET) 



Theatre Program (THET) 

Chair: Meersman 

Professors: Gillespie, Meersman 

Associate Professors: Elam, O'Leary 

Assistant Professors: Huang, Patterson, Patrick, Schuler, Stowe, Ufema 

Lecturers: Donnelly, Kriebs 

The Department of Theatre offers graduate study leading to the degrees of Master of Arts, 
Master of Fine Arts and Doctor of Philosophy. Areas of emphasis in the Master's program 
include directing, lighting design, costume design, stage design, technical theatre, theatre 
management, history and criticism. The M.A. program is designed to enhance and develop 
students' practical, historical and critical knowledge of theatre in order to go on to further 
graduate work in Ph.D. or MFA programs, or to upgrade their skills for high school teaching. 

The three-year MFA degree offers superior students advanced training and opportunities for 
creative activity. The program prepares the student to enter the professional theatre or to teach 
in the creative areas at college or university level. The areas of concentration are costume 
design, lighting design and theatre management. 

The Ph.D. is a research-oriented degree. Areas of doctoral study include theatre history, 
theatre aesthetics, theatrical theory and theatre criticism. In conjunction with the language and 
literature departments of the College of Arts and Humanities, extensive study in dramatic 
literature is also available. Most students pursue academic careers as teachers and researchers 
while others pursue careers in the various professional areas of theatre. 

Admission Information 

In addition to the Graduate School requirements, students desiring admission to any program 
must provide acceptable Graduate Record Examination scores, three letters of recommendation, 
prior academic transcripts and a statement of interest. MFA applicants must also provide a 
portfolio. If applicants do not have the equivalent of an undergraduate major in their field of 
interest, they take coursework in preparation for subsequent admission. 

Master's Degree Requirements 

Master of Arts degree requirements include a minimum of 33 credit hours. The Department 
offers both the thesis and non-thesis options. All students undertaking the M.A. degree must 
pass a six-hour comprehensive examination on theatre history and criticism, performance and 
directing, and design and technical theatre. The M.F.A. degree requires 60 credit hours. All 
students undertaking the M.F.A. degree must pass a comprehensive examination and complete 
a thesis. 

Doctoral Degree Requirements 

In addition to a general framework of study, an individualized program approved by a 
committee of theatre faculty guides students' preparation for a 12 hour (minimum) preliminary 
examination. A typical program for those with prior degrees in theatre or related areas 



Toxicology Program (TOXI) 233 



involves 36-45 hours beyond the master's degree. Following successful completion of the 
examination, students must complete a major dissertation project contributing significant new 
knowledge to the study of theatre. 

Facilities and Special Resources 

The campus is within a few miles of the John F. Kennedy Center for the Performing Arts, 
Arena Stage, the National Theatre, Ford's Theatre and Shakespeare Theatre at the Folger. In 
addition, a number of Equity and non-Equity theatres, dinner theatres and experimental theatres 
abound in the area. 

Two of the greatest libraries in the world, the Library of Congress and the Folger 
Shakespeare Library are in close proximity to campus. Students also regularly make use of 
the Smithsonian Institution, the Federal Theatre Project Archives and more than 50 specialized 
libraries and institutions in the Washington metropolitan area. The Department has use of the 
1300-seat semi-thrust Tawes Fine Arts Theatre, the intimate 100-seat thrust stage, Pugliese 
Theatre and the 45-seat black-box Experimental Theatre. 

Financial Assistance 

The Department nominates outstanding applicants for competitive University fellowships. 
Most Departmental aid is in the form of teaching assistantships. Those applying for aid should 
complete their applications as early in the year as possible. 

Additional Information 

For additional information on graduate study in Theatre at the University of Maryland, 
contact: 

Director of Graduate Studies 
Department of Theatre 
1146 Tawes 
University of Maryland 
College Park, MD 20742 
(301) 405-6676 

For courses, see code THET. 



Toxicology Program (TOXI) 

Director: Fowler 

Faculty: Albuquerque, Broadwell, Callery, Caplan, Coleman, Eccles, Eldefrawi, Fowler, 
Gutierrez, Harrison, Hebel, Hickey, Hsu, Jones, Lakowicz, Lipsky, Max, Resau, Rosen, 
Schwartz, Sexton, Silbergeld, Sokolove, Speedie, Swanson, Tildon, Trump, Zielke (UMAB); 
Hosmane, Steiner (UMBC); Hetrick, Nelson, Sisler (UMCP); Fitz-Coy, Gupta (UMES); Levine 
(Armed Forces Institute of Pathology); Anderson, Roesijadi, Wright (Chesapeake Biological 
Laboratory); Kimbrough, Kimmel (Environmental Protection Agency); Kimmel (Food and 



234 Toxicology Program (TOXI) 



Drug Administration); Colwell (Maryland Biotechnology Institute); Thomas (National 
Academy of Sciences); Waalkes (National Cancer Institute); Cone, Henningfield (National 
Institute on Drug Abuse); Hill (Patuxent Wildlife Research Center); Mereish (U.S. Army 
Medical Research Institute of Infectious Disease) 

The program in Toxicology is university-wide, using faculty and resources at College Park, 
Baltimore City and County, Easter Shore campuses as well as the Chesapeake Biological 
Laboratory of the Center for Environmental and Estuarine Studies. The Program's objectives 
are to provide educational and professional training opportunities in fundamental and applied 
fields of toxicology leading to Master of Science and Doctor of Philosophy degrees. 
Graduates from this Program will be highly qualified to conduct research, teach and provide 
services to federal, state and local governments, industry, labor and the public. 

Laboratory and lecture courses are offered in both basic and applied aspects of toxicology 
(occupational, environmental, clinical, analytical and regulatory) as well as in biochemistry, 
chemistry, epidemiology, pharmacology, pathology and biostatistics. Every effort is made to 
individualize the student's program and to encourage students to take advantage of appropriate 
graduate courses at all University of Maryland campuses. 

Specialization at the doctoral level will be available in various areas such as aquatic and 
marine toxicology, neurotoxicology, occupational toxicology, environmental toxicology, 
regulatory toxicology, drug toxicology and others depending on the interest of the student. 

Admission Information 

The admission requirements and procedures correspond with the requirements set forth by 
the Graduate School of the University of Maryland. The Graduate Record Examination is 
required, and a strong undergraduate record of accomplishments in a physical or biological 
science is recommended. Students are expected to have completed two semesters of advanced 
undergraduate or graduate level biochemistry, or to fulfill this requirement on entering the 
Program in toxicology. 

Master's Degree Requirements 

The specific requirements for the master's degree in toxicology may be summarized as 
follows: 1) A minimum of 37 semester hours, including 6 hours of thesis research (TOXI 
799) must be taken at the 400 level or higher. Of the 31 hours of coursework at least 12 must 
be taken at the 400 level or higher; 2) Two hours of a seminar course (TOXI 618) are required 
for the Program, however attendance is expected of all students in the program each semester; 
3) Two semesters of Research Methods in Toxicology (TOXI 609) should be taken in more 
that one department for a maximum of 6 credits over three semesters; 4) Although not 
required, one or more courses in computer science (or BIOM 605 - Computer Applications 
in Statistics) is strongly recommended; 5) At the completion of the research project, the 
student must orally defend the thesis research according to Graduate School regulations. This 
examination will be conducted when all other requirements for the degree are completed. 

There are no comprehensive examinations required for the M.S. degree unless stipulated by 
the advisory committee. 



Urban Studies and Planning Program (URSP) 235 



Doctoral Degree Requirements 

Course requirements for the doctoral degree are as follows: 1) A minimum of 37 semester 
hours, including 12 hours of dissertation research (TOXI 899), must be taken at the 400 level 
or higher. At least 12 hours of coursework must be at the 600 level or higher; 2) One hour 
of seminar course (TOXI 618) credit is required for each year in the Program, however 
attendance at the seminar is expected of all students in the Program each semester; 3) 
Additional coursework in the research specialty areas may be required by the advisory 
committee; 4) Although not required, one or more courses in computer science (or BIOM 605 
- Computer Applications in Statistics) is strongly recommended by the advisory committee if 
the student's research program requires it. Advancement to candidacy in the doctoral program 
requires successful completion of both a comprehensive examination and an oral defense of 
the research proposal. The comprehensive examination must be passed before the student can 
defend the dissertation proposal. 

Facilities and Special Resources 

Facilities and faculty throughout the statewide university system are available for the 
Program. Students will fmd their work enhanced by the ties many faculty members maintain 
with government research laboratories and agencies. Library resources in the area are among 
the best in the nation due to the proximity of the National Institute of Health Medical Library, 
the National Agriculture Library, and the Library of Congress. 

Financial Assistance 

Research assistantships, special fellowships for minorities, and NIH Toxicology training 
grants are available. 

Additional Information 

For further information about the Toxicology Program, please contact: 

Dr. Judd Nelson Dr. Bruce Fowler, Director 

Room 0300, Symons Hall UMAB/Toxicology, Howard Hall, Rm. 544 

University of Maryland 660 West Redwood Street 

College Park, MD 20742 Baltimore, MD 21201 

(301) 405-3919 (410) 328-8196 

For courses, see code TOXI. 

Urban Studies and Planning Program (URSP)* 

Acting Director: Howland 
Professors: Baum, Hanna, Howland, Levin 
Associate Professors: Brower, Chen 
Lecturers: Cohen, McLean 

*Urban Studies and Planning (URSP) has been replaced by Community Planning (CMPL). 



236 Urban Studies and Planning Program (URSP) 



The Urban Studies and Planning Program offers graduate study leading to the degrees of 
Master of Arts and Master of Community Planning. This Program (URSP) has recently been 
reorganized and newly incorporated into the School of Architecture. Students enrolled in the 
Program have diverse personal and academic backgrounds, such as architecture, fine arts, 
English, history, business, geography, sociology, economics, and political science. This 
diverse student body provides a rich learning environment in which many types of experiences 
and ideas are exchanged. The Program's faculty specialize in metropolitan and regional 
planning, public policy analysis and management, quantitative planning methods, urban design 
and economic development planning. 

Employment opportunities remain strong for graduates in a highly competitive field. The 
Baltimore- Washington metropolitan region offers diverse employment potential in urban 
analysis, program management, planning and computer applications. 

Admission Information 

Application requires: 1) Graduate School application, 2) statement of purpose, 3) three letters 
of recommendation, 4) official academic transcripts for all undergraduate and any previous 
graduate work, 5) Graduate Record Examination (GRE) scores (where required - see below), 
and 6) an application fee of $40. Applicants are required to have a minimum undergraduate 
grade point average (GPA) of 3.0. Applicants with a GPA of 3.2 (or higher) from an 
accredited American university need not take the GRE. 

Master's Degree Information 

Graduation requires satisfactory completion of 58 credits of course work. The 31 credits in 
prescribed courses provide a solid generalist planning education, and the 27 credits-nine 
courses-of electives provide for specialization. At least 9 elective credits must be taken in a 
declared area of specialization, approved by the student's advisor. 

The M.A. in Urban Studies is in the process of elimination, therefore, you can no longer 
apply for this degree. 

Facilities and Special Resources 

The University of Maryland is an excellent location for the pursuit of metropolitan studies 
and research, and graduate students are encouraged to take advantage of the opportunities. 
The university is eight miles from the incomparable library and research facilities of 
Washington, D.C. In the nations's capital, UMCP graduate students have access to, among 
other resources, the Library of Congress, the specialized collections of professional 
associations and international organizations, and agencies at all levels of government. 

The College Park campus is a 45-minute drive from Baltimore City, whose planning 
programs have gained national attention. Baltimore City, as well as Washington, D.C, are 
ideal laboratories for students interested in research on urban issues and planning. 



Zoology Program (ZOOL) 237 



Additional Information 

For further information please contact: 

Director of Graduate Studies 

Urban Studies and Planning Program 

1117 Lefrak Hall 

College Park, MD 20742 

(301)405-6790 

For courses, see codes ARCH, URSP. 



Zoology Program (ZOOL) 

Chair; Popper 

Professors: Carter, Clark, Colombini, Gill, Highton, Levitan, Pierce, Popper, Reaka-Kudla, 

Sebens 

Associate Professors: Ades, Bamett, Borgia, Cohen, Goode, Higgins, Imberski, Inouye, 

Linder, Palmer, Small, Wilkinson 

Assistant Professors: Carr, Chao, Dietz, Olek, Payne, Shapiro, Stephan 

Adjunct Professors: Kleiman, Manning, Morton, O'Brien, Potter, Smith-Gill 

Adjunct Associate Professors: Hines, Piatt, Wemmer 

Adjunct Assistant Professors: Braun, Breitburg 

Affiliate Professor: Chen 

Affiliate Associate Professors: Jackson, Wise 

Affiliate Assistant Professor: Yager 

Note: Some courses in this program may require the use of animals. Please see the Statement 
on Animal Care and Use in the Appendix and the Policy Statement for Students under "Degree 
Requirements." 

The Department of Zoology offers graduate study leading to the Master of Science (thesis 
and non- thesis) and Doctor of Philosophy degrees with specialization in the following fields: 
behavior, biophysics, cell biology, ecology, estuarine and marine biology, genetics, invertebrate 
zoology, molecular biology, neurobiology, physiology, systematics and evolutionary biology. 

Admission Information 

Admission to the Department of Zoology's graduate program requires a bachelor's degree 
from a recognized undergraduate institution. In addition, coursework in calculus, physics and 
organic chemistry is required. Able students who lack preparation in a particular area may be 
admitted, provided that the deficiency is corrected early during graduate study. 

The Department requires Graduate Record Examination scores, including the subject test, 
which should be taken in some area of biology. 



238 Zoology Program (ZOOL) 



Master's Degree Requirements 

The thesis option of the master's program enables a student to engage in advanced study and 
to undertake a research project. The degree may also demonstrate the student's research 
ability and lead to the continuation of graduate work for the Ph.D. in the same or related area. 
The general Graduate School rules are the only requirements. All requirements for the 
master's degree are to be completed within a three-year period. A final oral examination on 
the thesis is given whenever the student has completed all other requirements for the degree. 

The non-thesis master's program provides opportunity for advanced education and a terminal 
degree for those who are not research-oriented. All non-thesis master's students are required 
to complete at least 30 hours of coursework, and 18 or more of these credits must be at the 
600 level or above in zoology or appropriate related fields. No fewer than 16 hours of courses 
must be in zoology and three of these courses should be in a single area of specialization. 

In addition, at least one satisfactory scholarly paper must be written in an area approved by 
the student's adviser. A written comprehensive examination in three areas of zoology must 
be passed before the degree is awarded. All requirements must be completed within a three- 
year period. 

Doctoral Degree Requirements 

The Ph.D. program in zoology is a research program providing maximum opportunity for 
the student to evolve and develop his or her capacity for scholarship and independent work. 
Opportunity is provided for in-depth study in an area of specialization. A doctoral candidate 
must complete at least 30 credit hours of advanced coursework, including a minimum of 12 
semester hours of doctoral research. A formal preliminary examination is given to all doctoral 
students within the first two years of enrollment in the Department. This is an oral 
examination that focuses primarily on determining whether the student has the proper 
motivation, intellectual capacity and curiosity, and educational background. The exam also 
determines if the student has or can develop the technical skills to successfully pursue the 
Ph.D. program. However, there is no formal restriction on the extent or the range of the 
questions asked of the candidate. The doctoral dissertation must be completed and defended 
usually within three, but preferably two, years after successful completion of the preliminary 
examinations. 

Facilities and Special Resources 

The Zoology Department's share of the Zoology-Psychology Building provides adequate 
space for graduate instruction and research. The research laboratories are well equipped with 
a wide variety of scientific instrumentation. In addition, the Department has special suites for 
both transmission and scanning electronmicroscopy, constant temperature rooms, four sound- 
proof rooms (one being an anechoic chamber designed specifically for sophisticated research 
in ethology), photographic dark rooms, sterile transfer rooms and a histotechnology suite. 
Additional research opportunities are available to students through the Department's 
association with staff members of the National Institutes of Health. U.S. Department of 
Agriculture, Smithsonian Institution, National Zoo and several marine laboratories. Although 
the Department maintains no library of its own, the University has a fine graduate library 



Zoology Program (ZOOL) 239 



housing a Science and Technology Division. In addition, facilities such as the National 
Library of Medicine and the Department of Agriculture Library, as well as the Library of 
Congress, greatly expand the library materials within relatively easy access to the Department. 

Financial Assistance 

Qualified graduate students normally receive teaching assistantships, which require laboratory 
supervision and examination grading, and serve as valuable training for future careers that 
involve teaching. Graduate fellowships are available on a competitive basis to both entering 
and continuing students. In addition, faculty advisors may have grant support to provide 
graduate research assistantships for their students. 

Additional Information 

Students are urged to communicate directly with the faculty in the area of their interest, but 
additional general information and a statement of particular Departmental requirements may 
be obtained by contacting: 

Director of Graduate Studies 

Department of Zoology 

2231 Zoology Psychology Building 

University of Maryland 

College Park, MD 20742 

(301) 405-6905 

For courses, see code ZOOL. 



240 Certificate Programs 



Certificate Programs 



Gerontology Certificate Program 

Director: Wilson 

Professors: Hagberg, Meiners, Wilson 

The Graduate Gerontology Certificate Program is available to students who are completing 
or have already completed their master's or doctoral degrees. It is an interdisciplinary 
program whose curriculum is divided into three components: academic course work, research, 
and field training experience. 

Admission Information 

In order to be eligible for the Gerontology Certificate Program a student must be accepted 
into a master's or doctoral degree program. Students who already have an advanced degree 
should apply to the Graduate School as an Advanced Special Student in order to pursue the 
Certificate. Students may take up to six credits before applying to a degree program with 
Advanced Special Student status. 

Master's Degree Requirements 

Eighteen semester credits of aging-related courses are required. Of these eighteen credits, 
nine credits should be chosen from the list of core courses in gerontology: three credits from 
each of the three areas of physical bases, psychological bases, and the social bases of aging. 
Another three credits may be taken to satisfy the internship requirement; and the remaining 
credits may be chosen from either the core or complementary courses in gerontology. At least 
twelve of the required hours must carry 600-level or above designation. 

Master's level Certificate students must complete either a master's thesis or two seminary 
papers on an aging-related topic, depending upon Departmental requirements. Only one 
seminar paper is required of a "Certificate Only" student if that student had not completed an 
aging-related thesis previously. 

Doctoral Degree Requirements 

Twenty-one credit hours of aging-related courses are required. Of these, nine credit hours 
must be chosen from the list of core courses in gerontology: three credits from each of the 
three areas of physical bases, psychological bases, and social bases of aging. Another three 
credits must be taken to satisfy the internship requirement; and the remaining nine credits may 
be chosen from either the core or complementary courses in gerontology. At least twelve of 
the hours must carry 600-level or above designation. Doctoral level Certificate students must 
complete a dissertation on an aging- related topic. "Certificate Only" doctoral students may 
complete a seminar paper if their dissertation was not on an aging-related topic. 



Certificate Programs 241 



A student is awarded the Graduate Gerontology Certificate upon completion of established 
requirements and the degree program, except for the "Certificate Only" student. 

Additional Information 

A complete description of the requirements for the Graduate Gerontology Certificate and the 
admission process is available upon request from: 

Center on Aging 
University of Maryland 
College Park, MD 20742-261 1 
(301)405-2469 



Historic Preservation Certificate Program 

Director: Fogle 

Chair: Flack 

Committee Members: Brower (URSP), Evans (fflST), Flack (HIST), Fogle (ARCH), Groves 

(GEOG). Leone ( ANTH). Price (HIST), Scarfo (HORT), Sies (AMST), Stokes (National Trust 

for Historic Preservation Library) 

The Historic Preservation Graduate Certificate program augments the degree work of Master 
of Architecture. Master of Arts and Doctor of Philosophy students in the six cooperating 
academic units: American Studies, Anthropology, Geography, Architecture, History and Urban 
Studies and Planning. 

Admission Information 

This 24 credit interdisciplinary program is designed to help prepare students for a range of 
careers in the planning, management and conservation of significant cultural, natural and 
historical resources. Through courses, seminars and internships, students develop the basic 
expertise to become researchers, interpreters, curators, restorationists. archaeologists, planners, 
conservators and administrators in the multi-faceted field of historic preservation. 

Students who seek the Certificate must meet general Graduate School requirements and 
normally they must have been admitted into one of the participating degree programs. 
Application is in the form of a letter to the Committee on Historic Preservation. In making 
its evaluation, the Committee will review relevant material in the Graduate School application. 
If appropriate, the applicant's record as a graduate student or resume generated through 
professional experience will be considered. Interested persons are advised to consult in 
advance with the chair of the Committee. 

Certificate Requirements 

Certificate students, in conjunction witn their degree programs, complete the required 
introductory seminar (HISP 600), a survey of preservation law, 15 credit hours of core courses, 
and the final seminar (HISP 700). The total number of semester credit hours will vary 
according to the particular requirements of the specific degree program. 



242 Certificate Programs 



Facilities and Special Resources 

The Certificate program is directly related to and substantially enhanced by the National 
Trust for Historic Preservation Library housed on the College Park campus since 1986. The 
program is further strengthened by close working relationships with the National Park Service, 
the Maryland Historical Trust, the Maryland Hall of Records, the Maryland National Capital 
Park and Planning Commission, Historic Annapolis, Inc., Preservation Maryland, the Baltimore 
Commission for Historical and Architectural Preservation, and the Montgomery and Prince 
George's County Historic Preservation Commissions. Practical experience can be gained 
through ongoing summer projects at the Chalfonte Hotel in Cape May, New Jersey and at 
Kiplin Hall in North Yorkshire, England. 

Financial Assistance 

There are possibilities of paid internships with the National Park Service and the Historic 
American Building Survey/Historic American Engineering Record. Certificate students may 
be teaching assistants in related academic units. Also, students in the Certificate Program are 
specially eligible for the annual Margaret Cook Award, a cash prize endowed by Prince 
George's Heritage, Inc., and the Prince George's County Historical and Cultural Trust. 

Additional Information 

Complete descriptions of academic offerings and requirements may be obtained from the 
Committee on Historic Preservation. Please contact: 

Dr. J. Kirkpatrick Flack, Chair 
Committee on Historic Preservation 
2101F Francis Scott Key Hall 
University of Maryland 
College Park, MD 20742 
(301) 405-4313 

For courses, see code HISP. 



School of Public Affairs Certificate Programs 

Director: Stephen Block 

The School of Public Affairs offers graduate certificates in four areas of public policy studies 
to professionals working in or with the public sector who desire career-enhancing post- 
graduate training but, for a number of reasons, do not find a formal degree program an 
appropriate option. 

The areas of special-ization in the School's Certificate Programs include Methods of Policy 
Analysis, Public Management, National Security Policy, and Public Policy & Private 
Enterprise. 



Certificate Programs 243 



Admission Information 

Applicants lor these Certilicate Programs must meet all general Graduate School 
requirements, except standardized test scores (not required for the programs), and must be 
experienced in public policy work. Candidates should be working in the general field of the 
program for which they apply, or be planning to enter that field soon. The admissions 
committee will place primary emphasis on a candidate's work history and recommendations 
for supervisors, but interested applicants who are concerned about their academic record are 
urged to contact the director for assistance. 

Certificate Requirements 

Each of the Certificate Programs at the School of Public Affairs requires eighteen (18) credit 
hours of courses. The individual certificate requirements are as follows: 

1 ) Methods of Policy Analysis - This certificate gives students a general background in the 
quantitative and qualitative tools useful for analyzing public policy, with twelve credit hours 
of analysis methods and six credit hours of electives. 

2) National Security Policy - This certificate includes twelve credit hours of courses studying 
the structure and processes of the U.S. defense policy system and six credit hours of electives. 

3) Public Management - This program provides nine credit hours of classes in public sector 
organizational and financial management, with the remaining nine credit hours open for 
electives of the student's choice. 

4) Public Policy and Private Enterprise - This program includes nine credit hours of 
coursework studying the legal and policy framework of government-business interaction in the 
U.S., with nine credit hours of electives for specialization. 

Facilities and Special Resources 

The School of Public Affairs offers many advantages in studying public policy and policy 
analysis. The School's close proximity to Washington, D.C., Annapolis, and Baltimore, and 
the close ties between its faculty and the active policy-making community, give its students 
almost unparalleled access to the state and national policy arenas. 

In addition, the School regularly hosts seminars and lecture series on current issues, offering 
insights from some of the people closest to the issues in progress. 

Additional Information 

Application materials, along with complete descriptions of the Certificate Programs in the 
School of Public Affairs, are available from: 

School of Public Affairs 
2105 Morrill Hall 
University of Maryland 



244 Certificate Programs 



College Park, MD 20742 
(301)405-6330 

For courses, see code PUAF. 



Women's Studies Certificate Program 

Chair: Beck 

Professors: Beck, Dill, Rosenfelt 

Associate Professors: Bolles, Moses 

Assistant Professors: Kim, King 

Affiliate Professors: Alexander (HLTH), Beasley (JOUR), Coustaut (RTVF), Diner ( AMST), 

Doherty (CLAS), Donawerth (ENGL), Fassinger (EDCP), Frederickson (GERS), FuUinwider 

(Center for Philosophy and Public Policy), Gillespie (THET). Gips (HSAD), Grunig (JOUR), 

Gullickson (HIST), Hage (FRIT), Hallett (CLAS), Harley (AASP). Heidelbach (EDCI), Hult 

(KNES), Kauffman (ENGL), Lanser (ENGL), Leonardi (ENGL), Leslie (FMCD), McCarrick 

(GVPT). Mclntyre (SOCY), Mossman (FRIT). Palmer (ZOOL), Peterson (CMLT), Presser 

(SOCY), Robertson (MUSC), Schuler (THET). Segal (SOCY), Smith (ENGL), Solomon 

(SPCH), Stehle (CLAS), Strauch (GERS), Tyler (EDHD), Upton (ENGL), Wall (ANTH), 

Washington (ENGL), Williams (AASP, ECON), Withers (ARTH) 

The Women's Studies Graduate Certificate is designed to supplement the degree work of 
other disciplines. The Certificate is offered to students enrolled in a graduate program at the 
University of Maryland at College Park. 

This 18 credit interdisciplinary Certificate will provide students with an integrative and 
interdisciplinary encounter with the contributions and challenges of feminist inquiry. Students 
will be expected to develop a thorough grounding in the new scholarship on women; to acquire 
an understanding of gender as a category of analysis; to analyze and assess theories about the 
role of gender in systems of heirarchy and its intersection with other categories of difference, 
such as race, ethnicity, religion, class, sexuality, physical and mental ability, and age; and to 
acquire an understanding of the challenges posed by the new scholarship on women. 

Admission Information 

Students who seek the Certificate must meet general Graduate School requirements and 
normally they must have been admitted into a degree program. Applications for admission 
as a Graduate Certificate student are available from the Women's Studies Program. In 
evaluating applicants for the Certificate, the core faculty will review the application materials 
submitted by the applicant. 

Degree Requirements 

Students satisfying the 18 credit hours requirement for the Certificate will complete three 
required seminars (9 credits): Advanced Feminist Theory (WMST 601); Power, Gender, and 
the Spectrum of Difference (WMST 611); and Women's Studies Across the Disciplines 
(WMST 621). Certificate students also must complete another 9 credit hours of courses 



Certificate Programs 245 



chosen in consultation with their graduate advisor in the Women's Studies Program to support 
the student's degree program. The total number of semester credit hours required for the 
primary graduate degree will vary according to the specific degree program. 

Facilities and Special Resources 

Special facilities on campus include a Women's Studies collection at McKeldin Library, the 
Center for the Study of Population, Gender, and Social Inequality, the National Women's 
Studies Association, and the journal Feminist Studies. Facilities available in the Washington, 
D.C., area include the Library of Congress, and various specialized libraries, such as the 
National Library of Medicine, the National Archives, and the National Institute of Mental 
Health Library. Also accessible are the Washington, D.C., offices of many organizations 
involved in issues of importance to women. 

Financial Assistance 

There are possibilities for paid internships with the offices of various organizations in the 
Washington, D.C., area. Also, Certificate students may apply for teaching of research 
assistantships in Women's Studies or in their primary academic units. 

Additional Information 

Complete descriptions of academic offerings and requirements may be obtained from the 
Women's Studies Program. Please contact: 

Academic Advisor 
Women's Studies Program 
1125 Mill Bldg. 
University of Maryland 
College Park, MD 20742 
(301)405-7710 

For courses, see code WTVIST. 



AASP - Afro-American Studies 



247 



Course Descriptions 



AASP - Afro-American Studies 

AASP 400 Directed Readings in Afro-American 

Studies (3) 
The readings will be directed by the Director of 
Afro-American Studies. Topics to be ct)vered: the 
topics will be chosen by the director to meet the 
needs and interests of individual students. 

AASP 402 Classic Readings in Afro-American 

Studies (3) 
Classic readings of the social, economic and political 
status of blacks and other minorities in the United 
States and the Americas. 

AASP 410 Contemporary African Ideologies (3) 

Analysis of contemporary African ideologies. Em- 
phasis on philosophies of Nyerere, Nkrumah, Sen- 
ghor, Sekou Toure, Kaunda, Cabral, et al. 
Discussion of the role of African ideologies on mod- 
ernization and social change. 

AASP 41 1 Black Resistance Movements (3) 

A comparative study of the black resistance move- 
ments in Africa and America; analysis of their in- 
terrelationships as well as their impact on 
contemporary pan-Africanism. 

AASP 441 Science, Technology, and the Black 
Community (3) 

Prerequisite: AASP 100 or AASP 202 or HIST 255 
or permission of department. Scientific knowledge 
and skills in solving technological and social prob- 
lems, particularly those faced by the black com- 
munity. Examines the evolution and development 
of African and Afro-American contributions to sci- 
ence. Surveys the impact of technological changes 
on minority communities. 

AASP 443 Blacks and the Law (3) 

Prerequisite: AASP 100 or AASP 202 or HIST 255 
or permission of department. The relationship be- 
tween black Americans and the law, particularly 
criminal law, criminal institutions and the criminal 
justice system. Examines historical changes in the 
legal status of blacks and changes in the causes of 
racial disparities in criminal involvement and pun- 
ishments. 

AASP 468 Special Topics in Africa and the 
Americas (3) 

Repeatable to 6 credits if content differs. Cultural, 
historical and artistic dimensions of the African ex- 
perience in Africa and the Americas. 



AASP 478 Humanities Topics in Afro-American 

Studies (3) 
Repeatable to 6 credits if content differs. Advanced 
studies in the humanities, often requiring prereq- 
uisites, focusing on the literary, artistic and philo- 
sophical contributions of Africans and African- 
Americans. 

AASP 497 Policy Seminar in Afro-American 
Studies (3) 

Prerequisite: AASP 301 or permission of depart- 
ment. Application of public policy analysis to im- 
portant social problems and policy issues affecting 
black Americans. Policy research and analysis pro- 
cedures through an in-depth study of a critical, na- 
tional black policy issue. 

AASP 498 Special Topics in Black Culture (3) 

Prerequisite: AASP 100 or AASP 202. Repeatable 
to 6 credits if content differs. Advanced study of the 
cultural and historical antecedents of contemporary 
African and Afro-American society. Emphasis on 
the social, political, economic and behavioral factors 
affecting blacks and their communities. Topics vary. 

AASP 499 Advanced Topics in Public Policy and 
the Black Community (3) 

Prerequisite: AASP 301 or permission of depart- 
ment. Repeatable to 6 credits if content differs. Ex- 
amination of specific areas of policy development 
and evaluation in black and other communities. Ap- 
plication of advanced tools of policy analysis, es- 
pecially quantitative, statistical and micro-economic 
analysis. 

AEED - Agricultural and 
Extension Education 

AEED 400 Agricultural Technology Transfer (3) 

An international perspective on extension systems 
and technology transfer. Introduces the basics of 
extension, reviews current trends and issues, and 
examines and compares extension systems and their 
policy /programmatic values. 

AEED 464 Rural Life in Modern Society (3) 

The historical and current nature of rural and ag- 
ricultural areas and communities in the complex 
structure and culture of U.S. society. Basic struc- 
tural, cultural, and functional concepts for analyses 
and contrasts of societies and the organizations and 
social systems within them. 



248 



Course Descriptions 



AEED 466 Rural Poverty in an Affluent Society (3) 

Factors giving rise to conditions of rural poverty. 
Problems faced by the rural poor. Programs de- 
signed to alleviate rural poverty. 

\EED 488 Critique in Rural Education (1) 

Current problems and trends in rural education. 

AEED 489 Field Experience (1-4) 
Prerequisite: permission of department. Repeatable 
to 4 credits. Planned field experience for both major 
and non-major students. 

AEED 499 Special Problems (1-3) 

AEED 606 Program Planning and Evaluation in 

Agricultural Education (2-3) 
Second semester. Analysis of community agricul- 
tural education needs, selection and organization of 
course content, criteria and procedures for evalu- 
ating programs. 

AEED 626 Program Development in Adult and 
Continuing Education (3) 

Concepts in program planning and development. 
Study and analysis of program design and imple- 
mentation in adult and continuing education. 

AEED 627 Program Evaluation in Adult and 
Continuing Education (3) 

Prerequisite: AEED 626 or permission of depart- 
ment. An analysis of program evaluation concepts 
as they relate specifically to adult continuing edu- 
cation. Program evaluation concepts, issues and 
problems with emphasis on the use of evaluation 
procedures. 

AEED 630 Teaching-Learning in Adult and 
Continuing Education (3) 

The teaching/learning process in adult continuing 
education. Instructional techniques and methodol- 
ogies appropriate for adults. The curriculum devel- 
opment process. Issues and priorities in adult 
continuing education. 

AEED 632 International Extension/ Adult 
Education (3) 

The state of extension/adult education in other 
countries. The social context of extension/adult ed- 
ucation in selected countries. Analysis of existing 
extension/adult education programs and the contri- 
butions of these systems to the field. 

AEED 661 Rural Community Analysis (3) 

Communities as social systems composed of orga- 
nizations which interact in a system of cultural in- 
stitutions, norms, and values. Functional and 
structural linkages between organizations within as 
well as outside the community; rural vs. urban sim- 
ilarities and differences; and the role of the social 



processes such as competition, cooperation and con- 
flict in the context of community power and lead- 
ership structure. 

AEED 691 Research Methods in Adult and 
Continuing Education (3) 

The scientific method, problem identification, sur- 
vey of research literature, preparing research plans, 
design of studies, experimentation, analysis of data 
and thesis writing. 

AEED 699 Special Problems (1-3) 

AEED 789 Special Topics (1-3) 
Repeatable to 9 credits if content differs. 

AEED 798 Seminar in Rural Education (1-3) 
Repeatable to 8 credits. Problems in the organiza- 
tion, administration, and supervision of the several 
agencies of rural and/or vocational education. 

AEED 799 Master's Thesis Research (1-6) 

AEED 888 Apprenticeship in Education (1-8) 

Prerequisites: experience, a master's degree, and at 
least six semester hours in education at the University 
of Maryland. Apprenticeships in the major area of 
study are available to selected students whose ap- 
plication for an apprenticeship has been approved 
by the education faculty. Each apprentice is assigned 
to work for at least a semester full-time or the equiv- 
alent with an appropriate agency. The sponsor of 
the apprentice maintains a close working relation- 
ship with the apprentice and the other persons in- 
volved. 

AEED 889 Internship in Education (3-8) 

Internships in the major area of study for experi- 
enced students who are assigned to an appropriate 
school system, educational institution, or agency in 
a situation different than that in which the student 
is regularly employed. 

AEED 899 Doctoral Dissertation Research (1-8) 

AGRI - Agriculture 

AGRI 489 Special Topics in Agriculture (1-4) 

Credit according to time scheduled and organization 
of the course. A lecture series organized to study in 
depth a selected phase of agriculture not normally 
associated with one of the existing programs. 

AGRO - Agronomy 

AGRO 401 Pest Management Strategies for 
1\irfgrass (3) 

Prerequisite: AGRO 305. Interdisciplinary view of 
weed, disease, and insect management from an 
agronomy perspective. Plant responses to pest in- 
vasion, diagnosis of pest-related disorders, and prin- 
ciples of weed, disease and insect suppression 



AGRO - Agronomy 249 



through cultural, biological and chemical means arc 

discussed. 

AGRO 402 Sports T^irf ManaRcmtnt (3) 

Two hours of lecture and three hours of laboratory 
per week. Prerequisite: AGRO 305 and AGRO 401. 
Sports turf management, including design, construc- 
tion, soil modification, soil cultural techniques, pes- 
ticide use, fertilization, and specialized equipment. 

AGRO 403 Crop Breeding (3) 

Prerequisite: BOTN 414 or ZOOL 213. Principles 
and methods of breeding annual self and cross-pol- 
linated plant and perennial forage species. 

AGRO 406 Forage Crops (3) 

Prerequisite: BIOL 105. Recommended: BIOL 106. 
World grasslands and their influence on early civi- 
lizations; current impact on human food supply; role 
of forages in soil conservation and a sustainable ag- 
riculture. Production and management require- 
ments of major grass and legume species for silage 
and pasture for livestock feed. Cultivar develop- 
ment; certified seed production and distribution. 

AGRO 407 Cereal and OU Crops (3) 

Pre- or corequisiles: BIOL 105 and AGRO 101. A 
study of principles of production for corn, small 
grains, rice, millets, sorghums, and soybeans and 
other oil seed crops. A study of seed production, 
processing, distribution and federal and state seed 
control programs of corn, small grains and soybeans. 

AGRO 410 Commercial Turf Maintenance and 

Production (3) 
Prerequisite: AGRO 305 and AGRO 401. Commer- 
cial lawn care industry, sod production and turfgrass 
seed production. Fertilizer, renovation programs, 
and weed and insect control programs used in 
professional lawn care. Environmental effects of 
lawn care programs. 

AGRO 411 Principles of Soil Fertility (3) 

Soil factors affecting plant growth and quality with 
emphasis on the bio-availability of mineral nu- 
trients. The management of soil systems to enhance 
plant growth by means of crop rotations, microbial 
activities, and use of organic and inorganic amend- 
ments 

AGRO 413 Soil and Water Conservation and 
Managment (3) 

Prerequisite: AGRO 302. Importance and causes of 
soil erosion, methods of soil erosion control. Effects 
of conser\'ation practices on soil physical properities 
and the plant root environment. Irrigation and 
drainage as related to water use and conservation. 



AGRO 414 Soil Morphology, («enesis and 

Classification (4) 
Three hours of lecture and three hours of laboratory 
per week. Prerequisite: AGRO 302. Processes and 
factors of soil genesis. Taxonomy of soils of the 
world by U.S. System. Soil morphological charac- 
teristics, composition, classification, survey and field 
trips to examine and describe soils. 

AGRO 415 Soil Survey and Land Use (3) 

Two hours of lecture and three hours of laboratory 
per week. Prerequisite: AGRO 302. Evaluation of 
soils in the uses of land and the environmental im- 
plications of soil utilization. Interpretation of soil 
information and soil surveys as applied to both ag- 
ricultural and non-agricultural problems. Incorpo- 
ration of soil data into legislation, environmental 
standards and land use plans. 

AGRO 417 Soil Physics (3) 

Two hours of lecture and three hours of laboratory 
per week. Prerequisites: AGRO 302 and a course in 
physics; or permission of department. A study of 
physical properties of soils with special emphasis on 
relationship to soil productivity. 

AGRO 421 Soil Chemistry (4) 

Three hours of lecture and three hours of laboratory 
per week. Prerequisite: AGRO 302. The chemistry 
and composition of mineral and organic colloids in 
soils, including ion exchange, oxidation-reduction, 
acidity, surface charge, and solution chemistry. Lec- 
tures and readings pertain to plant nutrition, waste 
disposal, and groundwater quality. 

AGRO 422 Soil Microbiology (3) 

Prerequisite: AGRO 302, CHEM 104 or permission 
of department. Relationship of soil microorganisms 
to the soils' physical and chemical properties. Ni- 
trogen fixation, mycorrhizae-plant interactions and 
microbially mediated cycling. 

AGRO 423 Soil- Water Pollution (3) 

Prerequisites: AGRO 302 and CHEM 104 or per- 
mission of department. Reaction and fate of pesti- 
cides, agricultural fertilizers, industrial and animal 
wastes in soil and water with emphasis on their re- 
lation to the environment. 

AGRO 440 Crop, Soils, and Civilization (3) 

Role and importance of crop and soil resources in 
the development of human civilization. History of 
crop and soil use and management as they relate to 
the persistence of ancient and modern cultures. 

AGRO 441 Sustainable Agriculture (3) 

Environmental, social and economic needs for al- 
ternatives to the conventional, high-input farming 
systems which currently predominate in industrial 



250 Course Descriptions 



countries. Strategies and practices that minimize the 
use of non-renewable resources. 

AGRO 444 Remote Sensing of Agriculture and 

Natural Resources (3) 
Interaction of electromagnetic radiation. Remote 
sensing technology to agriculture and natural re- 
source inventory, monitoring and management and 
related environmental concerns. 

AGRO 451 Crop Culture and Development (3) 

Pre- or corequisite: BOTN 441. Application of basic 
plant physiology to crop production. Photosyn- 
thesis, respiration, mineral nutrition, water and 
temperature stress, and post-harvest physiology. 

AGRO 453 Weed Science (3) 

Two hours of lecture and three hours of laboratory 
per week. Weed identification, ecology, and control 
(cultural, mechanical, biological, and chemical 
methods). 

AGRO 454 Air and Soil Pbllution Effects on Crops 

(3) 
Effects of air pollutants such as ozone, sulfur diox- 
ide, acid rain, etc.. and soil pollutants such as to.xic 
metals, pesticides, on the growth, productivity and 
quality of crops. 

AGRO 483 Plant Breeding Laboratory (2) 

Prerequisites: AGRO 403 and permission of depart- 
ment. Current plant breeding research being con- 
ducted at The University of Maryland and USDA 
at Beltsville. Discussion with plant breeders about 
pollination techniques, breeding methods, and pro- 
gram achievements and goals. Field trips to selected 
USDA laboratories. 

AGRO 499 Special Problems in Agronomy (1-3) 
Prerequisites: AGRO 302, AGRO 406. AGRO 407 
or permission of department. A detailed study, in- 
cluding a written report of an important problem in 
agronomy. 

AGRO 601 Advanced Crop Breeding I (2) 

Prerequisite: AGRO 403 or equivalent. Genetic and 
cytogenetic theories as related to plant breeding in- 
cluding interspecific and intergeneric hybridization, 
polyploidy, and sterility mechanisms. 

AGRO 602 Advanced Crop Breeding II (2) 

Prerequisites: AGRO 601 and a graduate statistics 
course. Quantitative inheritance in plant breeding 
including genetic constitution of a population, con- 
tinuous variation, estimation of genetic variances, 
heterosis and inbreeding, heritability, and popula- 
tion movement. 

AGRO 608 Research Methods (1-4) 

Prerequisite: permission of department. Repeatable 

to 4 credits. Development of research viewpoint by 



detailed study and report on crop and soil research 
of the Maryland Agriculture Experiment Station or 
review and discussion of literature on specific agri- 
cultural problems or new research techniques. 

AGRO 711 Advanced Plant-Soil Relationship (2) 

Prerequisite: AGRO 411. Integration of the biolog- 
ical, physical, and chemical aspects of plant growth 
in soils. 

AGRO 722 Advanced Soil Chemistry (3) 

Prerequisites: AGRO 302 and permission of both 
department and instructor A continuation of AGRO 
421 with emphasis on soil chemistry of minor ele- 
ments necessary for plant growth. 

AGRO 789 Advances in Agronomy Research (1-4) 
Prerequisite: permission of department. Repeatable 
to 4 credits if content differs. A study of recent ad- 
vances in agronomy research. 

AGRO 798 Agronomy Seminar (1) 

Total credit toward Master of Science degree, 2; 
toward Ph.D. degree. 6 Prerequisite: permission of 
both department and instructor. First and second se- 
mester. 

AGRO 799 Master's Thesis Research (1-6) 

AGRO 802 Breeding For Resistance to Plant Pests 

(3) 
Prerequisites: ENTM 252, BOTN 221, AGRO 403 
or permission of department. Spring semester, al- 
ternate years. Development of breeding techniques 
for selecting and utilizing resistance to insects and 
diseases in crop plants and the effect of resistance 
on the interrelationships of host and pest. 

AGRO 804 Design and Analysis of Crop Research 

(3) 
Prerequisite: BIOM 401. Field plot technique, ap- 
plication of statistical analysis to agronomic data, 
and preparation of the research project. 

AGRO 805 Advanced Crop Physiology (2) 

Prerequisites: BOTN 441 or BOTN 641: plus ad- 
vanced training in plant sciences. Major emphasis 
will be on physiological processes affecting yield and 
productivity of major food fiber and industrial crops 
of the world. Topics such as photosynthesis, respi- 
ration, photorespiration. nitrogen metabolism will 
be related to crop growth as affected by manage- 
ment decisions. Topics of discussion will also include 
growth analysis and the use of computer modeling 
of crop growth by plant scientists. 

AGRO 806 Herbicide Chemistry and Physiology 

(2) 
Prerequisites: AGRO 453; and CHEM 104. The im- 
portance of chemical structure in relation to biolog- 



AMST - American Studies 



251 



ically significant reactions will be emphasized in 
more than 10 different herbicide groups. Recent ad- 
vances in herbicidal metabolism, translocation, and 
mode of action will be reviewed. Absorption, de- 
composition and movement in the soil will also be 
studied. 

AGRO 821 Advanced Methods of Soil Investigation 

(3) 
Prerequisites: AGRO 302; permission of both de- 
partment and instructor. First semester, alternate 
years. An advanced study of the theory of the chem- 
ical methods of soil investigation with emphasis on 
problems involving application of physical chemis- 
try. 

AGRO 831 Soil Mineralogy (4) 

Soil minerals, with emphasis on clay minerals, are 
studied from the viewpoint of soil genesis and phys- 
ical chemistry. Mineralogical analyses by x-ray and 
chemical techniques. 

AGRO 832 Advanced Soil Physics (3) 

Prerequisites: AGRO 417; and permission of both 
department and instructor. An advanced study of 
physical properties of soils. 

AGRO 899 Doctoral Dissertation Research (1-8) 

AMST - American Studies 

AMST 418 Cultural Themes in America (3) 

Repeatable to 6 credits if content differs. Examina- 
tion of structure and development c<" American cul- 
ture through themes such as "growing up 
American", "culture and mental disorders", "race", 
"ethnicity", "regionalism", "landscape", "humor". 

AMST 426 Culture and the Arts in America (3) 

Analysis of development of American cultural in- 
stitutions and artifacts. 

AMST 428 American Cultural Eras (3) 

Repeatable to 6 credits if content differs. Investiga- 
tion of a decade, period, or generation as a case 
study in significant social change within an American 
context. Case studies include "Antebellum Amer- 
ica, 1840-1860", "American culture in the Great 
Depression". 

AMST 429 Perspectives on Popular Culture (3) 

Repeatable to 6 credits if content differs. Topics in 
popular culture studies, including the examination 
of particular genres, themes, and issues. 

AMST 432 Literature and American Society (3) 

Prerequisite: prior course in AMST, SOCY, Ameri- 
can literature, or American history. Examination of 
the relationship between literature and society: in- 
cluding literature as cultural communication and the 



institutional framework governing its production, 
distribution, conservation and evaluation. 

AMST 450 Seminar in American Studies (3) 

Prerequisite: nine hours prior coursework in Amer- 
ican Studies, including AMST 201 . Senior standing. 
For AMST majors only. Developments in theories 
and methods of American Studies scholarship, with 
emphasis upon interaction between the humanities 
and the social sciences in the process of cultural 
analysis and evaluation. 

AMST 601 Introductory Seminar in American 
Studies (3) 

AMST 602 Interdisciplinary Research Methods 
and Bibliographic Instruction (3) 

Advanced instruction interdisciplinary research 
strategies, bibliography, and the structure of systems 
of scholarly communication in the fields and sub- 
fields of American Studies. 

AMST 628 Seminar in American Studies (3) 

AMST 629 Seminar in American Studies (3) 

AMST 638 Orientation Seminar: Material Aspects 
of American Civilization (3) 

Class meets at the Smithsonian. 

AMST 639 Reading Course in Selected Aspects of 
American Civilization (3) 

Class meets at the Smithsonian. 

AMST 698 Directed Readings in American Studies 

(3) 
Repeatable to 6 credits if content differs. This course 
is designed to provide students with the opportunity 
to pursue independent, interdisciplinary research 
and reading in specific aspects of American culture 
under the supervision of a faculty member. 

AMST 799 Master's Thesis Research (1-6) 

AMST 899 Doctoral Dissertation Research (1-8) 

ANSC - Animal Science 

The following courses may involve the use of ani- 
mals. Students who are concerned about the use of 
animals in teaching have the responsibility to contact 
the instructor, prior to course enrollment, to deter- 
mine whether animals are to be used in the course, 
whether class exercises involving animals are to be 
used in the course, whether class exercises involving 
animals are optional or required and what alterna- 
tives, if any, are available. 

ANSC 401 Fundamentals of Nutrition (3) 

Prerequisite: CHEM 104 and ANSC 212. Recom- 
mended: BCHM 261. Also offered as NUSC 402. A 
study of the fundamental role of all nutrients in the 



252 Course Descriptions 



body including their digestion, absorption and me- 
tabolism. Dietary requirements and nutritional de- 
ficiency syndromes of laboratory and farm animals 
and humans. 

ANSC 402 Applied Animal Nutrition (3) 

Two hours of lecture and two hours of laboratory 
per week. Prerequisite: MATH 115 and ANSC 401. 
A critical study of those factors which influence the 
nutritional requirements of ruminants, swine and 
poultry. Practical feeding methods and procedures 
used in formulation of economically efficient rations 
will be presented. 

ANSC 406 Environmental Physiology (3) 

Prerequisite: anatomy and physiology. The specific 
anatomical and physiological modifications em- 
ployed by animals adapted to certain stressful en- 
vironments will be considered. Particular emphasis 
will be placed on the problems of temperature reg- 
ulation and water balance. Specific areas for con- 
sideration will include: animals in cold (including 
hibernation), animals in dry heat, diving animals 
and animals in high altitudes. 

ANSC 412 Introduction to Diseases of Animals (3) 

Two lectures and one laboratory period per week. 
Prerequisite: MICE 200 and BIOL 105. This course 
gives basic instruction in the nature of disease: in- 
cluding causation, immunity, methods of diagnosis, 
economic importance, public health aspects and pre- 
vention and control of the common diseases of 
sheep, cattle, swine, horses and poultry. 

ANSC 413 Laboratory Animal Management (3) 

A comprehensive course in care and management 
of laboratory animals. Emphasis will be placed on 
physiology, anatomy and special uses for the differ- 
ent species. Disease prevention and regulations for 
maintaining animal colonies will be covered. Field 
trips will be required. 

ANSC 415 Parasitic Diseases of Domestic Animals 

(3) 
Two hours of lecture and two hours of laboratory 
per week. Prerequisite: ANSC 412 or equivalent. A 
study of parasitic diseases resulting from protozoan 
and helminth infection and arthropod infestation. 
Emphasis on parasites of veterinary importance: 
their identification; life cycles, pathological effects 
and control by management. 

ANSC 421 Swine Production (3) 

Two hours of lecture and four hours of laboratory 
per week. Prerequisite: ANSC 101; ANSC 221; and 
ANSC 203 or ANSC 401. A study of swine produc- 
tion systems including the principles of animal sci- 
ence for the efficient and economical management 



of swine breeding, feeding, reproduction and mar- 
keting. 

ANSC 422 Meats (3) 

Two hours of lecture and three hours of laboratory 
per week. Prerequisite: ANSC 221. A course de- 
signed to give the basic facts about meat as a food 
and the factors influencing acceptability, marketing, 
and quality of fresh meats. It includes comparisons 
of characteristics of live animals with their carcasses, 
grading and evaluating carcasses as well as wholesale 
cuts, and the distribution and merchandising of the 
nation's meat supply. Laboratory periods are con- 
ducted in packing houses, meat distribution centers, 
retail outlets and University Meats Laboratory. 

ANSC 423 Beef Production (3) 
Two hours of lecture and three hours of laboratory 
per week. Prerequisite: ANSC 221 and ANSC 203 
or ANSC 401. Application of various phases of an- 
imal science to the management and production of 
beef cattle. 

ANSC 424 Sheep Production (3) 
Two hours of lecture and three hours of laboratory 
per week. Prerequisite: ANSC 221 and ANSC 203 
or ANSC 401. A study of sheep production systems 
including the principles of animal science for the 
efficient and economical management of sheep 
breeding, feeding, reproduction and marketing. 

ANSC 430 Topics in Equine Science (4) 
Three hours of lecture and two hours of discussion/ 
recitation per week. Prerequisites: ANSC 211; 
ANSC 212 and ANSC 230. Preor corequisite: ANSC 
401. Specific problems of importance to the equine 
industry, including such areas as nutrition, physi- 
ology, anatomy, genetics and pathology. 

ANSC 431 Horse Production (2) 
One hour of lecture and two hours of laboratory per 
week. Prerequisite: ANSC 101; ANSC 211; ANSC 
212; ANSC 230 and permission of department. Lab- 
oratory and assigned project to be performed at 
University of Maryland Horse Farm, Ellicott City, 
Md. Field trips. Application of equine science prin- 
ciples to the management and production of horses. 

ANSC 443 Physiology and Biochemistry of 

Lactation (3) 
Prerequisite: ANSC 212 or equivalent; and BCHM 
261 or BCHM 461. The physiology and biochemistry 
of milk production in domestic animals, particularly 
cattle. Mammary gland development and mainte- 
nance from the embryo to the fully developed lac- 
tating gland. Abnormalities of the mammary gland. 



ANSC - Animal Science 



253 



ANSC 444 Analysis of Dairy Production Systems 

(3) 
Prerequisites: AREC 306 and ANSC 203. Ihc busi- 
ness aspects of dairy farming including an evaluation 
of the costs and returns associated with each seg- 
ment. The economic impact of pertinent manage- 
ment decisions is studied. Recent developments in 
animal nutrition and genetics, agricultural econom- 
ics, agricultural engineering, and agronomic prac- 
tices are discussed as they apply to management of 
a dairy herd. 

ANSC 446 Physiology of Mammalian Reproduction 

(3) 
Prerequisite: ZOOL 422 or ANSC 212. Anatomy 
and physiology of reproductive processes in domes- 
ticated and wild mammals. 

ANSC 447 Physiology of Mammalian Reproduction 

Laboratory (1) 
Three hours of laboratory per week. Pre- or core- 
quisite: ANSC 446. Animal handling, artificial in- 
semination procedures and analytical techniques 
useful in animal management and reproductive re- 
search. 

ANSC 452 Avian Physiology (2) 
Two two-hour lecture/laboratory/demonstration pe- 
riods per week. Prerequisite: a basic course in animal 
anatomy or physiology. The digestive, immune, ex- 
cretory, respiratory, muscle, circulatory, endocrine 
and nervous systems of avian species. Laboratory 
exercises include use of anesthetics, suturing tech- 
niques, use of a polygraph and instrumentation for 
analyzing blood, urine, liver, kidney and brain tis- 
sue. 

ANSC 462 Physiology of Hatchability (1) 

Two lectures and one laboratory period per week. 
Prerequisite: BIOL 105. The physiology of embry- 
onic development as related to principles of hatch- 
ability and problems of incubation encountered in 
the hatchery industry are discussed. 

ANSC 603 Mineral Metabolism (3) 

Prerequisites: BCHM 461 and BCHM 462. Also of- 
fered as NUSC 603. The role of minerals in metab- 
olism of animals and man. Topics to be covered 
include the role of minerals in energy metabolism, 
bone structure, electrolyte balance, and as catalysts. 

ANSC 604 Vitamin Nutrition (3) 

Two hours of lecture and two hours of laboratory 
per week. Prerequisite: ANSC 401 and BCHM 461. 
Also offered as NUSC 604. Advanced study of the 
fundamental role of vitamins and vitamin-like co- 
factors in nutrition including chemical properties, 
absorption, metabolism, excretion and deficiency 



syndromes. A critical study of the biochemical basis 
of vitamin function, interrelationship of vitamins 
with other substances and of certain laboratory tech- 
niques. 

ANSC 610 Electron Microscopy (4) 

Two hours of lecture and four hours of laboratory 
per week. Prerequisite: permission of both depart- 
ment and instructor. Theory of electron microscopy, 
electron optics, specimen preparation and tech- 
niques, operation of electron photography, inter- 
pretation of electron images, related instruments 
and techniques. 

ANSC 612 Energy Nutrition (2) 

One lecture and two hours of laboratory per week. 
Prerequisite: ANSC 401 or NUSC 450, and BCHM 
461. Also offered as NUSC 612. Basic concepts of 
animal energetics with quantitative descriptions of 
energy requirements and utilization. 

ANSC 614 Proteins (2) 

One hour of lecture and two hours of laboratory per 
week. Prerequisite: ANSC 401 and BCHM 461. Ad- 
vanced study of the roles of amino acids in nutrition 
and metabolism. Protein digestion, absorption, an- 
abolism, catabolism and amino acid balance. 

ANSC 626 Advanced Animal Breeding (3) 

Prerequisite: {ANSC 327; and MATH 400; and 
BIOM 603} or permission of both department and 
instructor. Application of linear models to genetic 
evaluation of domestic livestock. Introduction to es- 
timation of components of variance in mixed linear 
models. 

ANSC 643 Research Methods (3) 

One lecture and two laboratory periods per week. 
Prerequisite: permission of department and instruc- 
tor. The application of biochemical, physio-chemical 
and statistical methods to problems in biological re- 
search. 

ANSC 660 Poultry Literature (1-4) 
Readings on individual topics are assigned. Written 
reports required. Methods of analysis and presen- 
tation of scientific material are discussed. 

ANSC 661 Physiology of Reproduction (3) 

Reproductive endocrinology of vertebrate species 
with attention to function of the male and female 
reproductive systems, neuroendocrine regulation of 
reproduction and cellular mechanisms. 

ANSC 663 Advanced Nutrition Laboratory (3) 

One hour of lecture and six hours of laboratory per 
week. Prerequisite: ANSCINUSC 401; and either 
BCHM 462 or NUSC 670. Also offered as NUSC 
663. Basic instrumentation and techniques desired 



254 Course Descriptions 



for advanced nutritional research. The effect of var- 
ious nutritional parameters upon intermediary me- 
tabolism, enzyme kinetics, endocrinology, and 
nutrient absorption in laboratory animals. 

ANSC 677 Advanced Animal Adaptations to the 
Environment (2) 

Prerequisite: ANSC 406 or permission of instructor. 
A detailed consideration of certain anatomical and 
physiological modifications employed by mammals 
adapted to cold, dry heat or altitude. Each student 
will submit for discussion a library paper concerning 
a specific adaptation to an environmental stress. 

ANSC 686 Veterinary Bacteriology and Mycology 

(3) 
Prerequisite: ANSC 412. The characteristics and role 
of pathogenic bacteria and fungi in diseases of do- 
mestic animals with emphasis upon their pathogenic 
properties, pathogenesis and types of disease, epi- 
zootiology. modes of transmission and prophylaxis. 

ANSC 687 Veterinary Virology (3) 

Prerequisite: MICE 460. A detailed study of viral 
and rickettsial diseases of domestic and laboratory 
animals. Emphasis on viruses of veterinary impor- 
tance along with techniques for their propagation, 
characterization and identification. 

ANSC 688 Special Topics (1-4) 
Prerequisite: permission of instructor. Graduate 
standing. Repeatable to 4 credits. Lectures, experi- 
mental courses, and other special subjects in the 
fields of animal sciences and veterinary medicine. 

ANSC 698 Seminar (1) 

Students are required to prepare papers based upon 
current scientific publications relating to animal sci- 
ence, or upon their research work, for presentation 
before and discussion by the class; (1) recent ad- 
vances; (2) nutrition; (3) physiology; (4) biochem- 
istry. 

ANSC 699 Special Problems in Animal Science (1- 

2) 
Work assigned in proportion to amount of credit. 
Prerequisite: approval of staff . Problems will be as- 
signed which relate specifically to the character of 
work the student is pursuing. 

ANSC 799 Master's Thesis Research (1-6) 

ANSC 899 Doctoral Dissertation Research (1-8) 

ANTH - Anthropology 

ANTH 401 Cultural Anthropology: Principles and 

Processes (3) 
Prerequisites: ANTH 101, ANTH 102, or ANTH 
221. An examination of the nature of human culture 



and its processes, both historical and functional. The 
approach will be topical and theoretical rather than 
descriptive. 

ANTH 402 Cultural Anthropology: World 
Ethnography (3) 

Prerequisites: ANTH 101, ANTH 102, or ANTH 
221. A descriptive survey of the culture areas of the 
world through an examination of the ways of se- 
lected representative societies. 

ANTH 412 Peoples and Cultures of Oceania (3) 

A survey of the cultures of Polynesia, Micronesia, 
Melanesia and Australia. Theoretical and cultural- 
historical problems will be emphasized. 

ANTH 414 Ethnology of Africa (3) 

Prerequisites: ANTH 101 and ANTH 102. The na- 
tive peoples and cultures of Africa and their histor- 
ical relationships, with emphasis on that portion of 
the continent south of the Sahara. 

ANTH 417 Peoples and Cultures of the Far East 

(3) 
A survey of the major sociopolitical systems of 
China, Korea and Japan. Major anthropological 
questions will be dealt with in presenting this ma- 
terial. 

ANTH 423 Ethnologj of the Southwest (3) 

Prerequisites: ANTH 101 and ANTH 102. Culture 
history, economic and social institutions, religion, 
and mythology of the Indians of the southwest 
United States. 

ANTH 424 Ethnology of North America (3) 

Prerequisites: ANTH 101 and ANTH 102. The na- 
tive people and cultures of North America north of 
Mexico and their historical relationships, including 
the effects of contact with European-derived pop- 
ulations. 

ANTH 426 Ethnology of Middle America (3) 

Prerequisites: ANTH 101 and ANTH 102. Cultural 
background and modern social, economic and re- 
ligious life of Indian and Mesitzo groups in Mexico 
and central America; processes of acculturation and 
currents in cultural development. 

ANTH 431 Social Organization of Primitive 
Peoples (3) 

Prerequisites: ANTH 101 and ANTH 102. A com- 
parative survey of the structures of non-literate and 
folk societies, covering both general principles and 
special regional developments. 

ANTH 434 Religion of Primitive Peoples (3) 

Prerequisites: ANTH 101 and ANTH 102. A survey 
of the religious systems of primitive and folk soci- 



ANTH - Anthropology 255 



cties, with emphasis on the relation of religion to 
other aspects of culture. 

ANTH 436 Primitive Technology and Kconomy (3) 

A survey of technology, food economy and general 
economic processes in non-industrial societies. 

ANTH 437 Politics and Government in Primitive 
Society (3) 

A combined survey of politics in human societies 
and of important anthropological theories concern- 
ing this aspect of society. 

ANTH 441 Archaeology of the Old World (3) 

Prerequisite: ANTH 101 or ANTH 241. A survey of 
the archaeological materials of Europe, Asia and 
Africa, with emphasis on chronological and regional 
interrelationships. 

ANTH 451 Archaeology of the New World (3) 

Prerequisite: ANTH 101 or ANTH 241. A survey of 
the archaeological materials of North and South 
America with emphasis on chronological and re- 
gional interrelationships. 

ANTH 461 Human Osteology Laboratory (3) 

Prerequisite: ANTH 101. A laboratory study of the 
human skeleton, its morphology, measurement, and 
anatomic relationships. 

ANTH 462 Primate Anatomy Laboratory (3) 

Prerequisite: ANTH 101. The gross anatomy of non- 
human primates. Laboratory dissection of various 
primate cadavers under supervision. Occasional lec- 
tures. 

ANTH 463 Primate Studies (3) 

Prerequisite: ANTH 101. A combination lecture and 
laboratory examination of non-human primates. 
Major studies of various types that have been un- 
dertaken in the laboratory and in the field. 

ANTH 465 Human Growth and Constitution (3) 

Prerequisite: ANTH 101. A laboratory study of the 
growth, development and age changes in the human 
body from conception through old age, including 
gross photographic, radiographic, and microscopic 
study of growth and variation. 

ANTH 466 Forensic Anthropology Laboratory (3) 

Prerequisite: ANTH 461 or permission of depart- 
ment. A laboratory study of the methods used to 
identify human remains by anthropological tech- 
niques and discussion of the role of the anthropol- 
ogist in medico-legal investigation. 

ANTH 467 Human Population Biology Laboratory 

(3) 
Prerequisite: ANTH 101. A laboratory study of hu- 
man population genetics, dynamics and variation. 



including anthropological seriology, biochemistry, 
dermatoglyphics and hair microscopy. 

ANTH 496 Field Methods in Archaeology (8) 

Formerly ANTH 499. Field training in the tech- 
niques of archaeological survey and excavation. 

ANTH 498 Field Methods in Ethnology (1-6) 

Field training in the collection and recording of eth- 
nological data. 

ANTH 601 Applied Anthropology (3) 

History and theory of applied anthropology. The 
relationship between applied anthropology and 
other major subfields of the profession; the inter- 
disciplinary and public context of application; prob- 
lems of significance and utility in applied work. 

ANTH 605 Theory of Cultural Anthropology (3) 

History and current trends of cultural anthropol- 
ogical theory, as a basic orientation for graduate 
studies and research. 

ANTH 606 Methods of Cultural Analysis I (3) 

Objectives of cultural analysis and their relationship 
to policy and decision making. An introduction to 
problem formulation, qualitative and quantative re- 
search design, and the conduct of research; prob- 
lems of reliability and validity in social research. 

ANTH 607 Methods of Cultural Analysis O (3) 

Advanced preparation in the analysis and review of 
social research. Case studies of the uses of cultural 
analysis in applied contexts (i.e., social indicators, 
evaluation, impact assessment, forecasting). 

ANTH 611 Management and Cultural Process (3) 

Basic principles of managing cultural and human 
resources, decision-making in public and private 
contexts. The diversity and types of cultural re- 
sources (archeological, historical, folk and socio- 
cultural), and their recognition and value in 
contemporary society; introduction to the identifi- 
cation, protection and professional management of 
cultural resources. 

ANTH 620 Strategies for Cultural Understanding 

(3) 
The political, scientific, bureaucratic, and ideolog- 
ical background to decision making in the public and 
private sectors. 

ANTH 621 Cultural Ecology (3) 

Prerequisite: permission of instructor. An examina- 
tion of the nature of the interrelationships between 
human cultures and the natural environmentals in 
which they exist. 

ANTH 630 Quantitative Approaches to Applied 

Anthropology (3) 
Introduction to variety of statistical techniques ap- 
plied to problems in policy and decision making. 



256 Course Descriptions 



Practical experience in computer applications for 
problems in cultural analysis and management. The 
use of existing statistical data sources. 

ANTH 641 Method and Theory in Archaeology (3) 

Prerequisite: permission of instructor. An examina- 
tion of the principles and purposes involved in the 
gathering and interpretation of archaeological data. 

ANTH 681 Processes of Culture Change (3) 

Change in culture due to contact, diffusion, inno- 
vation, fusion, integration, and cultural evolution. 

ANTH 688 Current Developments in Anthropology 

(3) 
Repeatable to 9 credits if content differs. Detailed 
investigation of a current problem or research tech- 
nique, the topic to be chosen in accordance with 
faculty interests and student needs. 

ANTH 689 Special Problems in Anthropology (1-6) 

ANTH 696 Field Methods in Archaeology (8) 

Formerly ANTH 699. Field training in the tech- 
niques of archaeological survey and excavation. 

ANTH 698 Advanced Field Training in Ethnology 

(1-6) 
Offered in the summer session only. 

ANTH 701 Internship Preparation (3) 

Preparation for internship includes practicum train- 
ing in development, presentation and evaluation of 
position papers, proposals and work plans; literature 
search and use of secondary data sources in decision 
making affecting cultural analysis and management. 
Ethics and professional development for work in 
non-academic settings. 

ANTH 705 Internship (6-12) 

Prerequisite: ANTH 70L Problem-oriented intern- 
ship with an appropriate public agency or private 
institution under the direction of a faculty and 
agency supervisor. 

ANTH 712 Internship Analysis (3) 

Prerequisite: ASTH 705. The preparation and pres- 
entation of internship reports; development of skills 
in report writing and presentation. The completion 
of a professional quality report based on the intern- 
ship experience. Review of problems in ethics and 
professional development. 

APDS - Design 

APDS 431 Advanced Problems in Advertising 
Design (3) 

Two studio periods per week. Prerequisite: APDS 
430 or DESN 430. For advertising design majors 
only. Advanced problems in design and layout 



planned for developing competency in one or more 
areas of advertising design. 

ARCH - Architecture 

ARCH 400 Architecture Studio I (6) 

Three hours of lecture and nine hours of studio per 
week. Prerequisite: ARCH majors only. Introduc- 
tion to the processes of visual and architectural de- 
sign including field problems. 

ARCH 401 Architecture Studio II (6) 

Three hours of lecture and nine hours of studio per 
week. Prerequisite: ARCH 400 with a grade of C or 
better. For ARCH majors only. Continuation of 
ARCH 400. 

ARCH 402 Architecture Studio III (6) 

Three hours of lecture and nine hours of studio per 
week. Prerequisite: ARCH 401 with a grade of C or 
better. For ARCH majors only. Design projects in- 
volving the elements of environmental control, basic 
structural systems, building processes and materials. 

ARCH 403 Architecture Studio IV (6) 

Prerequisite: ARCH 402 with a grade of C or better. 
For ARCH majors only. Three hours of lecture and 
nine hours of studio per week. Design projects in- 
volving forms generated by different structural sys- 
tems, environmental controls and methods of 
construction. 

ARCH 408 Selected Topics in Architecture Studio 

(1-6) 
Prerequisite: ARCH 403 or equivalent and permis- 
sion of department. Repeatable to 6 credits if content 
differs. Topical problems in architecture and urban 
design. 

ARCH 410 Technology I (4) 

Prerequisites: MATH 220; and {(PHYS 121 and 
PHYS 122) or PHYS 117}. Corequisite: ARCH 400. 
For ARCH majors only. First course in a four course 
sequence which develops the knowledge and skills 
of architectural technology. Addresses climate, hu- 
man responses to climate, available materials, to- 
pography and impact on culture. Principles of 
assembly, basic structural principles and philoso- 
phies of construction. 

ARCH 411 Technology II (4) 

Prerequisite: ARCH 410. Corequisite: ARCH 401. 
For ARCH majors only. Second course in a four 
course sequence. Building construction processes 
and terminology, use and performance character- 
istics of primary building materials; principles of 
structural behavior related to the building systems, 
equilibrium and stability, stiffness and strength, 
types of stress, distribution of force and stress, res- 



ARCH - Architecture 



257 



olution ot torccs, reactions, bending moments, 
shear, deflection, buckling. 

ARCH 412 Architectural Structures II (3) 

Prerequisite: ARCH 312. ARCH 400. For ARCH 
majors onlv. Design of steel, timber, and reinforced 
concrete elements, and subsystems; analysis of ar- 
chitectural building systems. Introduction to design 
for both natural and man-made hazards. 

ARCH 415 Environmental Control and Systems H 

(3) 
Prerequisite: ARCH 313. ARCH 402. For ARCH 
majors only. Theory, quantification, and architec- 
tural design applications for water systems, fire pro- 
tection, electrical systems, illumination, signal 
equipment, and transportation systems. 

ARCH 418 Selected Topics in Architectural Science 
(1-4) 

Prerequisite: permission of department. Repeatable 
to 7 credits if content differs. 

ARCH 419 Independent Studies in Architectural 

Science (1-4) 
Repeatable to 7 credits. Proposed work must have a 
faculty sponsor and receive approval of the curric- 
ulum committee. 

ARCH 420 History of American Architecture (3) 

Prerequisite: ARCH 221 or permission of depart- 
ment. American architecture from the late 17th to 
the 20th century. 

ARCH 422 History of Greek Architecture (3) 

Prerequisite: ARCH 220 or permission of depart- 
ment. Survey of Greek architecture from 750-100 
B.C. 

ARCH 423 History of Roman Architecture (3) 

Prerequisite: ARCH 220 or permission of depart- 
ment. Survey of Roman architecture from 500 B.C. 
To A.D. 325. 

ARCH 426 Fundamentals of Architecture (3) 

Prerequisite: admission to 3 112 year M. ARCH pro- 
gram. Thematic introduction of a variety of skills, 
issues, and ways of thinking that bear directly on 
the design and understanding of the built world. 

ARCH 427 Theories of Architecture (3) 

Prerequisite: ARCH 221 or permission of depart- 
ment. For ARCH majors only. Selected historical 
and modern theories of architectural design. 

ARCH 428 Selected Topics in Architectural History 

(1-3) 
Prerequisite: permission of department. Repeatable 
to 7 credits if content differs. 



ARCH 429 Independent Studies in Architectural 
History (1-4) 

Rcpcalahle to 6 credits. Proposed work must have a 
faculty sponsor and receive approval of the curric- 
ulum committee. 

ARCH 432 History of Medieval Architecture (3) 

Prerequisite: ARCH 220 or permission of depart- 
ment. Architecture of western Europe from the 
early Christian and Byzantine periods through the 
late Gothic, with consideration of parallel devel- 
opments in the eastern world. 

ARCH 433 History of Renaissance Architecture (3) 

Prerequisite: ARCH 221 or permission of depart- 
ment. Renaissance architectural principles and 
trends in the 15th and 16th centuries and their mod- 
ifications in the Baroque period. 

ARCH 434 History of Modern Architecture (3) 

Prerequisite: ARCH 221 or permission of depart- 
ment. Architectural trends and principles from 1750 
to the present, with emphasis on developments since 
the mid-19th century. 

ARCH 436 History of Islamic Architecture (3) 

Prerequisite: ARCH 220 or permission of depart- 
ment. Survey of Islamic architecture from the sev- 
enth through the eighteenth century. 

ARCH 437 History of Pre-Columbian Architecture 

(3) 
Architecture of Pre-Columbian Mexico and Central 
America from the Pre-Classic Period through the 
Spanish conquest. 

ARCH 442 Studies in Visual Design (3) 

Prerequisite: ARCH 401. Studio work in visual de- 
sign independent of architectural problem solving. 

ARCH 443 Visual Communication (2) 

Two hours of lecture and two hours of laboratory 
per week. Prerequisite: admission to the 3 112 year 
M. ARCH program. For ARCH majors only. In- 
vestigation of the relationship between drawing 
from life and architectural drawing, the conventions 
of architectural drawing and the role of architectural 
drawing as a means to develop, communicate, and 
generate architectural ideas. 

ARCH 445 Visual Analysis of Architecture (3) 

Two hours of lecture and two hours of studio per 
week. Prerequisite: ARCH 401 and ARCH 343, or 
permission of department. Visual principles of ar- 
chitectural design through graphic analysis. 

ARCH 448 Selected Topics in Visual Studies (1-4) 
Prerequisite: permission of department. Repeatable 
to 7 credits if content differs. 



258 



Course Descriptions 



ARCH 449 Independent Studies in Visual Studies 

(1-4) 
Repeaiahle to 6 credits. Proposed work must have a 
faculty sponsor and receive approval of the curric- 
ulum committee. 
.ix Urban Planning, course in 

ARCH 450 Introduction to Urban Planning (3) 

Introduction to city planning theory, methodology 
and techniques. deaHng with normative, urban, 
structural, economic, social aspects of the city; ur- 
ban planning as a process. Architectural majors or 
by permission of the instructor. Lecture, seminar, 3 
hours per week. 

ARCH 451 Urban Design Seminar (3) 

Prerequisite: ARCH 350 or permission of depart- 
ment. Advanced investigation into problems of ana- 
lysis and evaluation of the design of urban areas, 
spaces and complexes with emphasis on physical and 
social considerations, effects of public policies, 
through case studies. Field observations. 

ARCH 453 Urban Problems Seminar (3) 

Prerequisite: permission of department. A case study 
of urban development issues, dealing primarily with 
socio-economic aspects of changes in the built en- 
vironment. 

ARCH 454 Theories of Urban Form (3) 

Theories of planning and design of urban spaces, 
building complexes, and new communities. 

ARCH 459 Independent Studies in Urban Planning 

(1-4) 
Repeatable to 6 credits. Proposed work must have a 
faculty sponsor and receive approval of the curric- 
ulum committee. 

ARCH 460 Site Analysis and Design (3) 

Prerequisite: ARCH majors only or permission of 
department. Principles and methods of site analysis; 
the influence of natural and man-made site factors 
on site design and architectural form. 

ARCH 461 Design and Energy (3) 

Two hours of lecture and two hours of laboratory 
per week. Prerequisite: ARCH 402 and ARCH 415. 
Energy strategies in building related to the broader 
context of architectural problem solving. 

ARCH 470 Computer Applications in Architecture 

(3) 
Prerequisite: ARCH 400 or permission of depart- 
ment. Introduction to computer programming and 
utilization, with emphasis on architectural applica- 
tions. 



ARCH 472 Economic Determinants in Architecture 

(3) 
Introduction to economic factors influencing archi- 
tectural form and design, including land economics, 
real estate, financing, project development, finan- 
cial planning, construction and cost control. 

ARCH 478 Selected Topics in Architecture (1-4) 
Prerequisite: permission of department. Repeatable 
to 7 credits if content differs. 

ARCH 479 Independent Studies in Architecture (1- 

4) 
Repeatable to 6 credits. Proposed work must have a 
faculty sponsor and receive approval of the curric- 
ulum committee. 

ARCH 480 Problems and Methods of Architectural 
Preservation (3) 

Prerequisite: ARCH 420 or permission of depart- 
ment. Theory and practice of preservation in Amer- 
ica, with emphasis on the problems and techniques 
of community preservation. 

ARCH 481 The Architect in Archaeology (3) 

Prerequisite: permission of department. The role of 
the architect in field archaeology and the analysis of 
excavating, recording, and pubUshing selected ar- 
chaeological expeditions. 

ARCH 482 The Archaeologj of Roman and 
Byzantine Palestine (3) 

Archaeological sites in Palestine (Israel and Jordan) 
from the reign of Herod the Great to the Moslem 
conquest. 

ARCH 483 Field Archaeologj (3) 

Prerequisite: permission of department. Partici- 
pation in field archaeology with an excavation of- 
ficially recognized by proper authorities of local 
government. 

ARCH 488 Selected Topics in Architectural 
Preservation (1-4) 

Prerequisite: permission of department. Repeatable 
to 7 credits if content differs. 

ARCH 489 Independent Studies in Architectural 
Preservation (1-4) 

Repeatable to 6 credits. Proposed work must have a 
faculty sponsor and receive approval of the curric- 
ulum committee. 

ARCH 600 Architecture Studio V (6) 
Three hours of lecture and nine hours of studio per 
week. Prerequisite: ARCH 403 or equivalent. Com- 
prehensive building and urban design; studio op- 
tions in advanced topical problems. 



ARCH - Architecture 



259 



ARCH 601 Architecture Studio VI (6) 

Three hours oi lecture and nine hours of studio per 
week. Prerequisite: ARCH 600. Continuation of 
ARCH 61K). 

ARCH 610 Appropriate Technologies in 

Architecture (3) 
Historical and current theories, practices and atti- 
tudes regarding the appHcation of technologies to 
design and construction of buildings, civil structures 
and other infrastructures in rural and urban envi- 
ronments. 

ARCH 612 Advanced Structural Analysis in 
Architecture (3) 

Prerequisite: ARCH 416. Qualitative and quantita- 
tive analysis and design of selected complex struc- 
tural systems. 

ARCH 613 Structural Systems in Architecture (3) 

Prerequisite: ARCH 416 or permission of instructor. 
Theory and application of selected complex struc- 
tural systems as they relate to architectural deci- 
sions. 

ARCH 616 Advanced Architectural Structures (3) 

Prerequisite: ARCH 375, ARCH 403, ARCH 412, 
ARCH 415 or equivalent. For ARCH majors only. 
Analysis of structural issues in architectural design; 
structure as an architectural form determinant; in- 
tegration of architectural, structural and other tech- 
nical disciplines in building design. 

ARCH 617 Advanced Environmental Control and 
Systems (3) 

Prerequisite: ARCH 375, ARCH 403, ARCH 412, 
ARCH 415 or equivalent. For ARCH majors only. 
Analysis, computer applications, and integration of 
environmental control and systems in architectural 
design. 

ARCH 621 Seminar in History of American 
Architecture (3) 

Prerequisite: ARCH 221 or ARCH 222 or permission 
of instructor. Advanced investigation of historical 
problems in American architecture. 

ARCH 628 Selected Topics in Architectural History 

(1-3) 
Prerequisite: permission of department. Repeatable 
to 7 credits if content differs. Special topics in the 
history of architecture. 

ARCH 629 Independent Studies in Architectural 

History (1-3) 
Repeatable to 7 credits if content differs. Proposed 
work must have faculty sponsor and receive ap- 
proval of the Educational Policy Committee. 



ARCH 635 Seminar in the History of Modern 
Architecture (3) 

Prerequisite: ARCH 434 or permission of depart- 
ment. Advanced investigation of historical problems 
in modern architecture. 

ARCH 654 Urban Development and Design Theory 

(3) 
Prerequisite: permission of instructor. Advanced in- 
vestigation into planning, development, and urban 
design theory and practice. 

ARCH 674 Seminar in Regionalism (3) 

Prerequisite: permission of department. Regional 
characterisitics of culture, climate, and landscape as 
determinants of vernacular architecture, especially 
in Third World countries. 

ARCH 675 Advanced Architectural Construction 
and Materials (3) 

Prerequisite: ARCH 375, ARCH 403, ARCH 412, 
ARCH 415. For ARCH majors only. Processes of 
construction, assembly, integration, and coordina- 
tion of architectural, mechanical, electrical, and 
structural aspects of building; special attention to 
design development of building details. 

ARCH 676 Field Research in Architecture (3) 

Prerequisite: permission of department. Recording 
and analysis of significant architectural complexes 
in situ. 

ARCH 678 Selected Topics in Architecture (1-6) 
Prerequisite: permission of instructor. Repeatable to 
6 credits if content differs. 

ARCH 679 Independent Studies in Architecture (1- 
6) 

Prerequisite: permission of instructor. Repeatable to 
6 credits. 

ARCH 700 Architecture Studio VII (6) 

Three hours of lecture and nine hours of studio per 
week. Prerequisite: ARCH 601. Continuation of 
ARCH 601. 

ARCH 770 Professional Practice (3) 

Prerequisite: ARCH 601. Project management, or- 
ganizational, legal, economic and ethical aspects of 
architecture. 

ARCH 797 Thesis Proseminar (3) 

Prerequisite: ARCH 601. Directed research and 
preparation of thesis program. 

ARCH 798 Thesis in Architecture (3) 

Prerequisite: ARCH 797. Corequisite: ARCH 799. 
For ARCH majors only. Complements the research 
of ARCH 799, with presentation of the design re- 
search to student's thesis committee. 



260 



Course Descriptions 



ARCH 799 Master's Thesis Research (1-6) 

12 hours of laboratory per week. Prerequisites: 
ARCH 601, permission of department and 3.0 GPA 
overall. Corequisite: ARCH 798. Repeatable to 6 
credits if content differs. Development of master's 
thesis. 

AREC - Agriculture and 
Resource Economics 

AREC 404 Prices of Agricultural Products (3) 

Prerequisite: ECON 403. An introduction to agri- 
cultural price behavior. The use of price information 
in the decision-making process, the relation of sup- 
ply and demand in determining agricultural prices, 
and the relation of prices to grade, time, location, 
and stages of processing in the marketing system. 
Elementary methods of price analysis, the concept 
of parity and the role of price support programs in 
agricultural decisions. 

AREC 405 Economics of Agricultural Production 

(3) 
Prerequisite: ECON 403 and MATH 220. The use 
and application of production economics in agri- 
culture and resource industries through graphical 
and mathematical approaches. Production func- 
tions, cost functions, multiple product and joint pro- 
duction, and production processes through time. 

AREC 407 Agricultural Finance (3) 

Prerequisite: AREC 250. Application of economic 
principles to develop criteria for a sound farm busi- 
ness, including credit source and use, preparing and 
filing income tax returns, methods of appraising 
farm properties, the summary and analysis of farm 
records, leading to effective control and profitable 
operation of the farm business. 

AREC 414 Agricultural Business Management (3) 

Prerequisite: AREC 250. The different forms of 
businesses. Management functions, business indi- 
cators, measures of performance, and operational 
analysis. Case studies are used to show applications 
of management techniques. 

AREC 427 Economics of Agricultural Marketing 
Systems (3) 

Prerequisite: AREC 250. Basic economic theory as 
applied to the marketing of agricultural products, 
including price, cost, and financial analysis. Current 
developments affecting market structure including 
effects of contractual arrangement, vertical integra- 
tion, governmental policies and regulation. 

AREC 432 Introduction to Natural Resources 

Policy (3) 
Development of natural resource policy and analysis 
of the evolution of public intervention in the use of 



natural resources. Examination of present policies 
and of conflicts between private individuals, public 
interest groups, and government agencies. 

AREC 433 Food and Agricultural Policy (3) 

Prerequisite: AREC 250. Economic and political 
context of governmental involvement in the farm 
and food sector. Historical programs and current 
policy issues. Analysis of economic effects of agri- 
cultural programs, their benefits and costs, and com- 
parison of policy alternatives. Analyzes the 
interrelationship among international development, 
agricultural trade and general economic and do- 
mestic agricultural policies. 

AREC 445 Agricultural Development in the Third 
World (3) 

Prerequisite: ECON 203 or ECON 205 or AREC 
250. Development theories, the role of agriculture 
in economic development, the agricultural policy 
environment, policies impacting on rural income 
and equity, environmental impacts of agricultural 
development. 

AREC 453 Natural Resources and Public Policy (3) 

Prerequisite: AREC 250 and ECON 203. Rational 
use and reuse of natural resources. Theory, meth- 
odology, and policies concerned with the allocation 
of natural resources among alternative uses. Opti- 
mum state of conservation, market failure, safe min- 
imum standard, and cost-benefit analysis. 

AREC 484 Introduction to Econometrics in 
Agriculture (3) 

An introduction to the application of econometric 
techniques to agricultural problems with emphasis 
on the assumptions and computational techniques 
necessary to derive statistical estimates, test hy- 
potheses, and make predictions with the use of sin- 
gle equation models. Includes linear and non-linear 
regression models, internal least squares, discrimi- 
nant analysis and factor analysis. 

AREC 489 Special Topics in Agricultural and 
Resources Economics (3) 

Repeatable to 9 credits. 

AREC 610 Microeconomic Applications in 
Agricultural and Resource Markets (3) 

Prerequisite: ECON 603. Applications of graduate 
level microeconomic analysis to the problems of ag- 
ricultural and natural resource production and dis- 
tribution including demand for agricultural output, 
the nature of agricultural supply decisions, farm la- 
bor issues, land rental and aquisition, and exploi- 
tation of natural resources. 



AREC - Agriculture and Resource Economics 261 



AKEC 615 Agricultural and Resource Economics 
Research Techniques (3) 

Philosophy and basic objectives of research in the 
field of agricultural and resource economics. Topics 
include delinition of research problems, logical pro- 
cedures for executing research in the social sciences, 
techniques and tools available to agricultural and 
resource economists, and appraisal of research doc- 
uments from the standpoint of procedures and eval- 
uation of research. 

.AREC 620 Optimization in Agricultural and 
Resource Economics (3) 

Prerequisite: differential calculus and one course in 
matrix or linear algebra. Mathematical theory of op- 
timization as it is used in agricultural and resource 
economics. Topics include necessary and sufficient 
conditions for nonlinear programming and related 
Kuhn-Tucker and saddle point theory, convexity and 
concavity, existence and uniqueness, duality and the 
envelope theorem, the discrete maximum principle, 
and control theory and dynamic optimization. 

AREC 623 Applied Econometrics I (4) 

Theoretical background and statistics for application 
in econometrics. Development of the standard lin- 
ear model and computer applications in applied 
econometric problems. 

AREC 624 Applied Econometrics II (4) 

Variations of the standard linear model and simul- 
taneous equations estimation. Application of econ- 
ometric tools including nonlinear regression, 
nonlinear simultaneous equations estimation, qual- 
itative econometric models including logit, probit, 
and tobit models, varying parameters models, unob- 
served variables, time series models and model se- 
lection procedures. 

AREC 625 Economic Welfare Analysis (3) 

Credit will be granted for only one of the following: 
AREC 625 or AREC 825. The measurement of eco- 
nomic well-being for producers, consumers, and re- 
source owners. Topics include competitive 
equilibrium. Pareto optimality, market failure, pub- 
lic goods and nonmarket welfare measurement, 
multimarket considerations, existing distortions, 
and second best. Applications in economic welfare 
analysis of agricultural and resource policies are dis- 
cussed. 

AREC 632 Agricultural Policy Analysis (3) 

Credit will be granted for only one of the following: 
AREC 632 or AREC 832. The economics of agri- 
cultural policies. Methods for analyzing costs and 
benifits of price supports, import restraints, and 
other policies for producers, consumers, and tax- 
payers. Farm programs of the U.S.. other industrial 



countries and developing countries including inter- 
ventions in both domestic markets and international 
are covered along with their consequences for factor 
owners and related commodity markets. Theories 
of the farm problem and possible remedies are of- 
fered. 

AREC 644 International Agricultural and 
Resource Trade (3) 

Credit will be granted for only one of the following: 
AREC 644 or AREC 844. An introduction to trade 
in agricultural products and natural resources. Par- 
tial and general equilibrium models as applied to 
problems in agricultural and and natural resource 
trade and in analyzing related trade policies of var- 
ious countries to understand the impact of macro- 
economic policy on international agricultural and 
resource markets through exchange rates, interest 
rates and inflation. 

AREC 645 International Agricultural Development 

(3) 
Credit will be granted for only one of the following: 
AREC 645 or AREC 845. Microeconomic founda- 
tions of agricultural development, the behavior of 
the farm household as an economic unit, and the 
functioning of the agricultural product, input, and 
labor markets in developing economies. The role of 
agriculture in economic development is discussed 
with emphasis on the basic linkages between agri- 
culture and the rest of the economy. 

AREC 685 Applications of Mathematical 
Programming in Agriculture Business and 
Analysis (3) 

Prerequisite: ECON 403 or permission of depart- 
ment. Application of mathematical programming to 
problems in agriculture and resource economics. 
Emphasis on modeling large-scale systems and in- 
terpreting results in economic terms. 

AREC 689 Special Topics in Agricultural and 
Resource Economics (3) 

Subject matter taught will be varied and will depend 
on the persons available for teaching unique and 
specialized phases of agricultural and resource eco- 
nomics. The course will be taught by the staff or 
visiting agricultural and resource economists who 
may be secured on lectureship or visiting professor 
basis. 

AREC 699 Special Problems in Agricultural and 

Resource Economics (1-2) 
Intensive study and analysis of specific problems in 
the field of agricultural and resource economics, 
which provide information in depth in areas of spe- 
cial interest to the student. 



262 Course Descriptions 



AREC 753 Economics of Renewable Natural 
Resources (3) 

Prerequisite: AREC 610; and AREC 620; or per- 
mission of department. Basic models of renewable 
natural resources. Current research issues concern- 
ing natural resources with emphasis on problems in 
commercial and recreational fisheries, forestry, 
water, fugitive wildlife, and agriculture. Policies to 
correct related market failures. 
AREC 799 Master's Thesis Research (1-6) 
AREC 804 Advanced Agricultural Price and 

Demand Analysis (3) 
Prerequisite: ECON 603 and AREC 610. Theories 
of household behavior and mechanisms of price de- 
termination. Static as well as intertemporal optim- 
ization problems arising from the simultaneous 
determination of savings and commodity demand 
with habit formation. Role of inventories in price 
formation, factors determining the degree of price 
flexibility, and price formation in noncompetitive 
industries. 
AREC 806 Advanced Agricultural Production 

Analysis (3) 
Prerequisite: ECON 603 and AREC 610. Theory and 
methods of applied production analysis. Use of dual 
methods in the analysis of agricultural production 
problems, cost and profit functions, separability, 
technical change, aggregation, index numbers, and 
dynamic decision making. 
AREC 825 Advanced Economic Welfare Analysis 

(3) 
Credit will be granted for only one of the following: 
AREC 625 or AREC 825. Theory of economic wel- 
fare measurement, problems of path dependence in 
evaluating multiple price changes, welfare measure- 
ment under risk, general equilibrium welfare meas- 
urement with multiple distortions, and applications 
in evaluation of agricultural and resource policies. 
AREC 832 Advanced Agricultural Policy Analysis 

(3) 
Credit will be granted for only one of the following: 
AREC 632 or AREC 832. Research problems in 
agricultural policy that include models and methods 
for explaining the consequences and causes of in- 
tervention in agricultural commodity markets. 
Quantitative, market level analysis of the implica- 
tions of uncertainty, strategic behavior in interna- 
tional trade, second-best policies, the general 
equilibrium analysis of intervention, and the polit- 
ical economy of collective action in farm policy. 
AREC 844 Advanced International Agricultural 

and Resource Trade (3) 
Credit will be granted for only one of the following: 
AREC 644 or AREC 844. Issues and problems of 



current interest in agricultural trade policy and re- 
search. Use of dual methods in international trade, 
the effect of international financial markets on ag- 
ricultural trade and agriculture in general, the effi- 
cient design of agricultural trade policy, trade in 
resources, and measuring the gains from trade in 
any economy distorted by sectoral policies. 

AREC 845 Advanced International Agricultural 
Development (3) 

Credit will be granted for only one of the following: 
AREC 645 or AREC 845. Economic inequalities and 
market forces in economic development along with 
strategies and policies for economic development. 
Export oriented versus import substitution strate- 
gies, the role of foreign capital and debt accumu- 
lation in the agricultural sector, and the effects of 
government intervention on agricultural develop- 
ment. Case studies of selected Latin American, 
Asian and African countries. 

AREC 859 Advanced Topics in Natural Resource 

Economics (1-3) 
Repeatable to 9 credits if content differs. Intertem- 
poral considerations in natural resource problems 
including irreversibility and stochastic control. Non- 
market welfare measurement and nonconsumptive 
values, option/quasi-option and existence values, 
applications to extinction and uncertainty, and al- 
ternative expectations in common property resource 
problems. 

AREC 869 Advanced Topics in Agricultural 

Economics (1-3) 
Repeatable to 9 credits if content differs. Frontiers 
of research in agricultural policy, agricultural pro- 
duction, international trade, and agricultural de- 
velopment. Decision making under risk and related 
market institutions, principal agent analysis, optimal 
policy design, technology adoption, market struc- 
ture, land and credit markets, information markets, 
and income distribution. 

AREC 899 Doctoral Dissertation Research (1-8) 

ARTH - Art History and 
Archaeology 

ARTH 400 Egyptian Art and Archaeology (3) 

Formerly ARTH 404. Sites and monuments of paint- 
ing, sculpture, architecture, and the minor arts of 
ancient Egypt from earliest times through the Ro- 
man conquest. Emphasis on the pharaonic period. 

ARTH 401 Aegean Art and Archaeology (3) 

Formerly ARTH 404. Sites and monuments of paint- 
ing, sculpture, architecture, and the minor arts of 
Crete, the Cvcladic islands, and the Greek mainland 



ARTH - Art History and Archaeology 263 



from the earliest times to the downfall of the My- 
cenaean. 

ARTH 402 Greek Art and Archaeology (3) 

Sites and monuments of painting, sculpture, archi- 
tecture, and the mmor arts from the Geometric 
through the Hellenistic period with emphasis on 
mainland Greece in the Archaic and Classical pe- 
riods. 

ARTH 403 Roman Art and Archaeology (3) 
Sites and monuments of painting, sculpture, archi- 
tecture, and the minor arts from the earliest times 
through the third centurv' A.D. with emphasis on 
the Italian peninsula from the Etruscan period 
through that of Imperial Rome. 

ARTH 405 Late Roman and Early Christian Art 

(3) 
Formerly ARTH 410. Painting, sculpture, architec- 
ture, and the minor arts from the early third centurv 
through the sixth century A.D. 

ARTH 406 Byzantine Art (3) 

Formerly ARTH 411. Painting, sculpture, architec- 
ture, and the minor arts from the seventh century 
to 1453 A.D. 

ARTH 410 Early Medieval Art (3) 

Formerly ARTH 412. Painting, sculpture and ar- 
chitecture in Western Europe, ca. 500-1150. 

ARTH 411 Gothic Art (3) 

Formerly ARTH 413. Painting, sculpture and ar- 
chitecture in Western Europe, ca. 1150-1400. 

ARTH 415 Italian Renaissance Art (3) 
Formerly ARTH 424. Painting, sculpture and ar- 
chitecture of the fifteenth and si.xteenth centuries. 

ARTH 418 Special Problems in Italian Renaissance 

Art (3) 
Repeatable to 6 credits if content differs. Focus upon 
Aspects of painting, sculpture, and architecture of 

Renaissance. 

ARTH 420 Fourteenth and Fifteenth-Century 

Northern European .Art (3) 
Formerly ARTH 416. The art of northern Europe 
with an emphasis on painting in the Netherlands and 
France. 

ARTH 425 Sixteenth-Century Northern European 

Painting (3) 
Formerly ARTH 417. Painting in France, Germany, 
England, and the Low Countries during the Ren- 
aissance and Reformation. 

ARTH 426 Renaissance and Baroque Sculpture in 
Northern Europe (3) 

Sculpture in France. Germany, England, and the 
Low Countries from the fourteenth to the seven- 
teenth century. 



ARTH 430 Seventeenth-Century European Art (3) 

Painting, sculpture and architecture concentrating 
on Italy, Spain, France, and England. 

ARTH 435 Seventeenth-Century Art in the 

Netherlands (3) 
Formerly ARTH 431. Painting, sculpture and ar- 
chitecture in seventeenth-century Netherlands. 

ARTH 443 Eighteenth-Century European Art (3) 

From the Rococo to Neo-classicism. major devel- 
opments in painting, architecture, sculpture, and the 
landscape garden in eighteenth-century France, 
England, Italy, Spain, and Germany. 

ARTH 444 British Painting, Hogarth to the Pre- 

RaphaeUtes (3) 
A survey of British painting focusing on the estab- 
lishment of a strong native school in the genres of 
history painting, narrative subjects, portraiture, 
sporting art, and landscape. 

ARTH 445 Nineteenth-Century European Art to 

1850 (3) 
Formerly ARTH 440. The major trends from Neo- 
Classicism to Romanticism in painting, sculpture 
and architecture in Europe. 

ARTH 446 Nineteenth-Century European Art from 

1850 (3) 
Formerly ARTH 441. The major trends from Re- 
alism through Impressionism to Symbolism and Art 
Nouveau, in painting, sculpture, and architecture. 

ARTH 453 History of American Art to 1876 (3) 

Painting, sculpture, architecture, and decorative 
arts in North America from the colonial period to 

1876. 

ARTH 454 Nineteenth and Twentieth Century 
Sculpture (3) 

Trends in sculpture from Neo-Classicism to the pres- 
ent. 

ARTH 455 Twentieth -Century Art to 1945 (3) 

Formerly ARTH 450. Painting, sculpture and ar- 
chitecture in Europe and America from the late 
nineteenth century to the end of World Wzu- II. 

ARTH 456 Twentieth-Century Art from 1945 (3) 

Formerly ARTH 451. Painting, sculpture and ar- 
chitecture in Europe and America from 1945 to the 
present. 

ARTH 457 History of Photography (3) 

Formerly ARTH 452. History of photography as art 
from its inception in 1839 to the present. 

ARTH 460 American Art Since 1876 (3) 

Formerly ARTH 477. Painting, sculpture, architec- 
ture, and the decorative arts in North America after 
1876. 



264 Course Descriptions 



ARTH 462 Twentieth-Century Black American Art 

(3) 
Formerly ARTH 474. The visual arts of Black Amer- 
icans in the twentieth century, including crafts and 
decorative arts. 

ARTH 466 Feminist Perspectives on Women in Art 

(3) 
Principal focus on European and American women 
artists of the 19th and 20th centuries, in the context 
of the new scholarship on women. 

ARTH 470 Latin American Art and Archaeology 

before 1500 (3) 
Pre-Hispanic painting, sculpture, and architecture, 
with a focus on the major archaeological monuments 
of Mexico. 

ARTH 471 Latin American Art and Archaeology 
after 1500 (3) 

The effect of mingling European visual ideas with 
pre-Hispanic traditions. The formation of Latin 
American colonial art. How native American peo- 
ple transformed European ideas and forms. 

ARTH 475 Ancient Art of Africa (3) 

Formerly ARTH 462. Art of the African continent 
from rock art through the nineteenth century. The 
cultural meaning of painting, sculpture, architec- 
ture, and artifacts from major archeological sites. 

ARTH 476 Living Art of Africa (3) 

Formerly ARTH 463. Art styles among the segmen- 
tary, centralised and nomadic people of Africa. The 
iconography and function of their art and its rela- 
tionship to their various societies, cults and cere- 
monies. 

ARTH 483 Structure and Analysis of Art (3) 

Basic concepts of structuralism applied to the ana- 
lysis of art. Visual examples, including photography, 
cartoons, painting, and sculpture, emphasize the un- 
derlying logic of narrative themes in Western art 
ranging from the time of Giotto to the present. 

ARTH 489 Special Topics in Art History (3) 

Prerequisite: permission of department. Repeatable 
to 6 credits. 

ARTH 490 Chinese Painting (3) 

Chinese painting history from the second century 
B.C. through the twentieth century, covering cul- 
tural, stylistic and theoretical aspects. 

ARTH 495 Japanese Painting (3) 

Formerly ARTH 405. Japanese painting from the 
sixth through the nineteenth century, including 
Buddhist icon painting, narrative scrolls, and Zen- 
related ink painting. 



ARTH 498 Directed Studies in Art History I (2-3) 
Prerequisite: permission of department. Repeatable 
if content differs. Junior standing. 

ARTH 499 Directed Studies in Art History II (2-3) 

ARTH 608 Studies in Ancient Art and 
Archaeology (3) 

Repeatable to 9 credits each in the Master's and Ph.D. 
programs. 

ARTH 609 Studies in Late Roman, Early 
Christian, and Byzantine Art (3) 

Repeatable to 9 credits each in the Master's and Ph. D. 
programs. 

ARTH 618 Studies in Medieval Art (3) 

Repeatable to 9 credits each in the Master's and Ph. D. 
programs. 

ARTH 619 Studies in Italian Renaissance Art (3) 

Repeatable to 9 credits each in the Master's and Ph.D. 
programs. 

ARTH 628 Studies in Fourteenth and Fifteenth 
Century Northern European Art (3) 

Repeatable to 9 credits each in the Master's and Ph.D. 
programs. 

ARTH 629 Studies in Sixteenth-Century Northern 
European Art (3) 

Repeatable to 9 credits each in the Master's and Ph. D. 
programs. 

ARTH 638 Studies in Seventeenth-Century 
Southern European Art (3) 

Repeatable to 9 credits each in the Master's and Ph. D. 
programs. 

ARTH 639 Studies in Seventeenth-Century 
Northern European Art (3) 

Repeatable to 9 credits each in the Master's and Ph. D. 
programs. 

ARTH 648 Studies in Eighteenth-Century 
European Art (3) 

Repeatable to 9 credits each in the Master's and Ph.D. 
programs. 

ARTH 649 Studies in Nineteenth-Century 
European Art (3) 

Repeatable to 9 credits each in the Master's and Ph. D. 
programs. 

ARTH 658 Studies in American Art (3) 

Repeatable to 9 credits each in the Master's and Ph. D. 
programs. 

ARTH 659 Studies in Twentieth-Century Art (3) 

Repeatable to 9 credits each in the Master's and Ph.D. 
programs. 



ARTT - Art Studio 



265 



ARTH 668 Studies in Latin American Art and 
Archaeology (3) 

Rcpeaiuble lo V credits each in the Master's and Ph. I), 
programs. 

ARTH 669 Studies in African Art (3) 

Repeatable to 9 credits each in the Master's and Ph.D. 
programs. 

ARTH 678 Studies in Chinese Art (3) 

Repeatable to 9 credits each in the Master's and Ph.D. 
programs. 

ARTH 679 Studies in Japanese Art (3) 

Repeatable to 9 credits each in the Master's and Ph. D. 
programs. 

ARTH 689 Selected Topics in Art History (3) 

Repeatable to 9 credits each in the Master's and Ph. D. 
programs. 

ARTH 692 Methods of Art History (3) 

Methods of research and criticism apphed to typical 
art-historical problems; bibliography and other re- 
search tools. 

ARTH 695 Museum Colloquium (3) 
Formerly ARTH 698. 

ARTH 699 Special Topics in Art History (3) 

Prerequisite: consent of department head or instruc- 
tor. 

ARTH 708 Seminar in Ancient Art and 

Archaeology (3) 
Repeatable to 9 credits each in the Master's and Ph.D. 
programs. 

ARTH 709 Seminar in Late Roman, Early 
Christian, and Byzantine Art (3) 

Repeatable to 9 credits each in the Master's and Ph.D. 
programs. 

ARTH 718 Seminar in Medieval Art (3) 

Repeatable to 9 credits each in the Master's and Ph.D. 
programs. 

ARTH 719 Seminar in Italian Renaissance Art (3) 

Repeatable to 9 credits each in the Master's and Ph.D. 
programs. 

ARTH 728 Seminar in Fourteenth and Fifteenth- 
Century Northern European Art (3) 

Repeatable to 9 credits each in the Master's and Ph.D. 
programs. 

ARTH 729 Seminar in Sixteenth-Century Northern 
European Art (3) 

Repeatable to 9 credits each in the Master's and Ph. D. 
programs. 



ARTH 738 Seminar in Seventeenth-Century 
Southern European Art (3) 

Repeatable lo 9 credits each in the Master's and Ph. D. 
programs. 

ARTH 739 Seminar in Seventeenth-Century 
Northern European Art (3) 

Repeatable to 9 credits each in the Master's and Ph. D. 
programs. 

ARTH 748 Seminar in Eighteenth-Century 
European Art (3) 

Repeatable to 9 credits each in the Master's and Ph. D. 
programs. 

ARTH 749 Seminar in Nineteenth-Century 
European Art (3) 

Repeatable to 9 credits each in the Master's and Ph.D. 
programs. 

ARTH 758 Seminar in American Art (3) 

Repeatable to 9 credits each in the Master's and Ph. D. 
programs. 

ARTH 759 Seminar in Twentieth-Century Art (3) 

Repeatable to 9 credits each in the Master's and Ph. D. 
programs. 

ARTH 768 Seminar in Latin American Art and 
Archaeology (3) 

Repeatable to 9 credits each in the Master's and Ph. D. 
programs. 

ARTH 769 Seminar in African Art (3) 

Repeatable to 9 credits each in the Master's and Ph. D. 
programs. 

ARTH 778 Seminar in Chinese Art (3) 

Repeatable to 9 credits each in the Master's and Ph. D. 
programs. 

ARTH 779 Seminar in Japanese Art (3) 

Repeatable to 9 credits each in the Master's and Ph.D. 
programs. 

ARTH 789 Selected Topics in Art History (3) 

Repeatable to 9 credits each in the Master's and Ph.D. 
programs. 

ARTH 798 Directed Graduate Studies in Art 
History (3) 

ARTH 799 Master's Thesis Research (1-6) 

ARTH 899 Doctoral Dissertation Research (1-8) 

ARTT - Art Studio 

ARTT 404 Experiments in Visual Processes (3) 

Six hours of laboratory per week. Prerequisite: 
ARTT 220 or ARTT 330 or ARTT 340. Formerly 
ARTS 404. Investigation and execution of process 
oriented art. Group and individual experimental 
projects. 



266 Course Descriptions 



ARTT 418 Drawing (3) 

Six hours of laboratory per week. Prerequisite: 
ARTT 210. Repeatable to 12 credits. Formerly ARTS 
418. Original compositions from the figure and na- 
ture, supplemented by problems of personal and 
expressive drawing. 

ARTT 428 Painting (3) 

Six hours of laboratory per week. Prerequisite: 
ARTT 320. Repeatable to 12 credits. Formerly ARTS 
428. Original compositions based upon nature, fig- 
ure, still life and expressive painting emphasizing 
development of personal directions. 

ARTT 438 Sculpture (3) 

Six hours of laboratory per week. Prerequisites: one 
300-level sculpture course; and permission of de- 
partment. Repeatable to 12 credits. Formerly ARTS 
438. Continuation of 300-level elements of sculpture 
courses with emphasis on developing personal di- 
rections in chosen media. 

ARTT 448 Printmaking (3) 

Six hours of laboratory per week. Prerequisites: one 
300-level printmaking course; and permission of de- 
partment. Repeatable to 12 credits. Formerly ARTS 
448. Continuation of 300-level elements of print- 
making courses with emphasis on developing per- 
sonal directions in chosen media. 

ARTT 460 Seminar in Art Theory (3) 

Prerequisite: permission of department. Senior 
standing. Exploration of relationship between con- 
tent and processes of art in a contemporary multi- 
cultural context. 

ARTT 461 Readings in Art Theory (3) 

Prerequisite: senior standing or permission of de- 
partment. Reading and critical analysis in contem- 
porary art. 

ARTT 462 Artist's Survival Seminar (3) 

Prerequisite: senior standing or permission of de- 
partment. Business aspects of being an artist with 
emphasis on starting and maintaining a professional 
career. 

ARTT 463 Principles and Theory: African- 
American Art (3) 

Not open to students who have completed ARTH 
474. Formerly ARTH 474. Principles basic to the 
establishment of aesthetic theories common to an 
ethnic or minority art examined through the works 
of art by Americans of African ancestry. 

ARTT 468 Seminar on the Interrelationship 
between Art and Art Theory (3) 

Prerequisite: permission of department. Repeatable 
to 6 credits if content differs. Formerly ARTS 468. 



The relationship between a student's work and the 
theoretical context of contemporary art. 

ARTT 478 Papermaking (3) 

Six hours of laboratory per week. Prerequisite: per- 
mission of department. Repeatable to 6 credits if con- 
tent differs. Traditional and contemporary Western 
papermaking techniques with emphasis on creative 
approaches and continued individual artistic 
growth. 

ARTT 489 Advanced Special Topics in Art (3) 

Six hours of laboratory per week. Prerequisite: per- 
mission of department. Repeatable to 6 credits if con- 
tent differs. Formerly ARTS 489. Development of 
student's work on an advanced studio level within 
the context of a special topic. 

ARTT 498 Directed Studies in Studio Art (2-3) 
Prerequisite: permission of department. For ad- 
vanced students. Repeatable if content differs. For- 
merly ARTS 498. 

ARTT 610 Drawing (3) 

Formerly ARTS 610. Sustained treatment of a theme 
chosen by student. Wide variety of media. 

ARTT 614 Drawing (3) 

Formerly ARTS 614. Traditional materials and 
methods including oriental, sumi ink drawing and 
techniques of classical european masters. 

ARTT 616 Drawing (3) 

Formerly ARTS 616. Detailed anatomical study of 
the human figure and preparation of large scale mu- 
ral compositions. 

ARTT 620 Painting (3) 

Formerly ARTS 620. 

ARTT 624 Painting (3) 

Formerly ARTS 624. 

ARTT 626 Painting (3) 

Formerly ARTS 626. 

ARTT 627 Painting (3) 

Formerly ARTS 627. 

ARTT 630 Experimentation in Sculpture (3) 

Formerly ARTS 630. 

ARTT 634 Experimentation in Sculpture (3) 

Formerly ARTS 634. 

ARTT 636 Materials and Techniques in Sculpture 

(3) 
For advanced students. Formerly ARTS 636. Meth- 
ods of armature building, and the use of a variety 
of stone, wood, metal and plastic materials. 

ARTT 637 Sculpture: Casting and Foundry (3) 

Formerly ARTS 637. The traditional methods of 
plaster casting and the complicated types involving 



ASTR - Astronomy 267 



metal, cire perdue, sand-casting and newer meth- 
ods, such as cold metal process. 

ARTT 640 Printmakint; (3) 

Formerly ARIS Ml). Advanced problems. Relief 
process. 

ARTT 644 Printmaking (3) 

Formerly ARTS b44. Advanced problems. Intaglio 
process. 

ARTT 646 Printmaking (3) 

Formerly ARTS 646. Advanced problems. Litho- 
graphic process. 

ARTT 647 Seminar in Printmaking (3) 

Formerly ARTS 647. 

ARTT 689 Special Problems in Studio Art (3) 

Prerequisite: permission of instructor. Repeatahle to 
6 credits. Formerly ARTS 689. 

ARTT 690 Drawing and Painting (3) 

Formerly ARTS 690. Preparation and execution of 

a wall decoration. 

ARTT 698 Directed Graduate Studies in Studio 
Art (3) 

Prerequisites: for advanced graduate students by per- 
mission of department head. Course may be repeated 
for credit if content differs. Formerly ARTS 698. 

ARTT 798 Directed Graduate Studies in Studio 

Art (3) 
Formerly ARTS 798. 

ARTT 799 Master's Thesis Research (1-6) 

Formerly ARTS 799. 



ASTR - Astronomy 



ASTR 400 Stellar Astrophysics (3) 

Prerequisite: ASTR 350. Corequisite: PHYS 420 or 
PHYS 421. Radiation processes in stars and inter- 
stellar space, stellar atmospheres, stellar structure 
and evolution. 

ASTR 410 Radio Astronomy Techniques (3) 

Three hours of lecture and one hour of laboratory 
per week. Prerequisites: {PHYS 273 and PHYS 276} 
or {PHYS 263 and PHYS 263 A} or permission of 
department. Introduction to current observational 
techniques in radio astronomy. The radio sky, co- 
ordinates and catalogs, antenna theory. Fourier 
transforms, interferometry and arrays, aperture 
synthesis, radio detectors. Practical work at obser\- 
atory with a two-element interferometer. 

ASTR 420 Introduction to Galactic Research (3) 

Prerequisite: PHYS 272 and ASTR 350 or equivalent 
or permission of department. Methods of galactic 



research, stellar motions, clusters of stars, evolution 
of the galaxy, study of our own and nearby galaxies. 

ASTR 430 The Solar System (3) 
Prerequisite: MATH 246 and either PHYS 263 or 
PHYS 273, or permission of department. The struc- 
ture of planetary atmospheres, radiative transfer in 
planetary atmospheres, remote sensing of planetary 
surfaces, interior structure of planets. Structure of 
comets. Brief discussions of asteroids, satellite sys- 
tems, and solar system evolution. Intended for stu- 
dents majoring in any of the physical sciences. 

ASTR 440 Introduction to Extra-Galactic 
Astronomy (3) 

Prerequisite: PHYS 272 and ASTR 350 or equiva- 
lent, or permission of department. Properties of nor- 
mal and peculiar galaxies, including radio galaxies 
and quasars; expansion of the universe and cos- 
mology. 

ASTR 450 Celestial Mechanics (3) 

Prerequisite: PHYS 410 or permission of depart- 
ment. Celestial mechanics, orbil theory, equations 
of motion. 

ASTR 498 Special Problems in Astronomy (1-6) 

Prerequisite: major in physics or astronomy or per- 
mission of department. Research or special study. 
Credit according to work done. 

ASTR 600 Stellar Atmospheres (3) 

Prerequisite: ASTR 422 or permission of department. 
Structure of stellar atmospheres, survey of atomic 
and molecular physics, absorption coefficients and 
radiative transfer, numerical techniques, calculation 
of model atmospheres and comparison with obser- 
vations, discussion of line profiles, stellar winds and 
coronae. 

ASTR 605 Stellar Interiors and Evolution (3) 

Prerequisite: PHYS 410, PHYS 422 or equivalent. 
Energy transfer and generation in the interior of a 
star, evolution of stars, nucleosynthesis, variable 
stars, explosive stars, neutron stars and black holes. 

ASTR 610 Astronomical Instrumentation and 
Techniques (3) 

Prerequisite: PHYS 405 or permission of depart- 
ment. Review of Maxwell's equations; designs of 
telescopes, spectrographs, modern detectors; basic 
concepts for radio detectors and telescopes; inter- 
ferometry and data processing. 

ASTR 620 Galaxies (3) 

Prerequisite: ASTR 400 or permission of department. 
Galaxy classifications; Milky way: basic data, dis- 
tribution of stars, gas. dust and relativistic particles, 
large-scale structure and rotation; Spiral galaxies: 



268 Course Descriptions 



stellar dynamics and stability, density waves, star 
bursts, galactic center; Elliptical galaxies: stellar dy- 
namics, cannabalism; galaxy formation. 

ASTR 630 Physics of the Solar System (3) 

Prerequisite: PHYS 422. A survey of the problems 
of interplanetary space, the solar wind, comets and 
meteors, planetary structure and atmospheres, mo- 
tions of particles in the earth's magnetic field. 

ASTR 640 Radiation and Plasma Processes (3) 

Corequisite: PHYS 606 or permission of department. 
Radiation processes with emphasis on radiation 
from energetic electrons, synchrotron and inverse- 
Compton radiation, bremsstrahlung and astrophys- 
ical applications. The plasma dielectric and the 
"zoo" of plasma waves. Use of kinetic theory to 
derive fluid dynamics; discussion of MHD in its var- 
ious limits of astrophysical use; some instabilities. 

ASTR 670 Interstellar Matter (3) 

Prerequisite: PHYS 422 or permission of depart- 
ment. Photo-ionization processes, classical diagnos- 
tics of the interstellar medium, physics of supernova 
remnants, molecules, dynamics of the formation of 
clouds and stars, cosmic rays and their acceleration. 

ASTR 688 Special Topics in Modern Astronomy (1- 
3) 

Prerequisite: permission of instructor. Special topics 
such as extragalactic radio sources, plasma astro- 
physics, the H.R. diagram, chemistry of the inter- 
stellar medium, radiophysics of the sun. 

ASTR 690 Reasearch Project I (3) 

ASTR 691 Research Project II (3) 

ASTR 699 Special Problems in Advanced 
Astronomy (1-6) 

ASTR 760 Solar Physics (3) 

Prerequisite: PHYS 606. Corequisite: ASTR 640 or 
PHYS 761, or permission of department. The struc- 
ture of the solar atmosphere, observations and the- 
oretical interpretation of the solar corona, solar 
flares, solar cycles and oscillations, and their rela- 
tionship to other stars. 

ASTR 788 Selected Topics in Modern Astronomy 
(1-3) 

ASTR 799 Master's Thesis Research (1-6) 

ASTR 899 Doctoral Dissertation Research (1-8) 

BCHM - Biochemistry 

BCHM 461 Biochemistry I (3) 

Prerequisite: CHEM 243 or CHEM 245. A compre- 
hensive introduction to general biochemistry. The 



chemistry and metabolism of carbohydrates, lipids, 
nucleic acids, and proteins. 

BCHM 462 Biochemistry II (3) 

Prerequisite: BCHM 461. A continuation of BCHM 
461. 

BCHM 464 Biochemistry Laboratory (2) 

Six hours of laboratory per week. Corequisite: 
BCHM 462. 

BCHM 465 Biochemistry III (3) 

Prerequisite: BCHM 462. An advanced course in 
biochemistry. 

BCHM 666 Biophysical Chemistry (2) 

Prerequisites: BCHM 461 and CHEM 482. 

BCHM 668 Special Problems in Biochemistry (2-4) 
Two to four three-hour laboratory periods per week 
Prerequisite: BCHM 464 or equivalent. 

BCHM 669 Special Topics in Biochemistry (2) 

Prerequisite: BCHM 462 or equivalent. 

BCHM 671 Protein Chemistry and Enzymic 
Catalysis (3) 

Principles of protein structure and function, char- 
acterization of active sites, enzyme mechanisms and 
kinetics, antibody structure. 

BCHM 672 Biological Membranes (3) 

Organization of biological membranes, metabolism 
of membrane lipids, membrane proteins, including 
receptors, membrane functions including bioener- 
getics and transport, assembly of membranes. 
BCHM 673 Regulation of Metabolism (3) 
Intracellular milieu, compartmentation, metabolic 
and enzymic approaches to identifying control 
points, regulation by covalent modification of en- 
zymes, metabolic disorders. 
BCHM 674 Nucleic Acids (3) 
Chemistry of nucleotides and polynucleotides, or- 
ganization of cells and genomes from viruses to eu- 
karyotes, DNA replication, RNA synthesis, 
ribosome biogenesis, regulation of protein synthe- 
sis. 

BCHM 699 Special Problems in Biochemistry (1-6) 
Prerequisite: one semester of graduate study in bio- 
chemistry. Repeatable to 6 credits if content differs. 
Laboratory experience in a research environment. 
Restricted to students in the non-thesis M.S. option. 
BCHM 799 Master's Thesis Research (1-6) 
BCHM 898 Seminar (1) 
BCHM 899 Doctoral Dissertation Research (1-8) 

BIOL - Biology 

BIOL 489 Topics in Biology for Secondary and 

Middle School Teachers (1-8) 
Prerequisites: Teacher certification, at least two years 
of high school and/or middle school science teaching 



BIOM - Biometrics 



269 



experience and permission of department. Repeata- 
hle to 12 credits if content differs. An examination 
ol selected topics in the biological sciences con- 
ducted through lecture/discussion, laboratory ex- 
perimentation, and field research. 

BIOL 495 Global Greenhouse Effect (3) 

Two hours of lecture and two hours of discussion/ 
recitation per week. Prerequisites: BIOL 105; and 
BIOL 106. For students majoring in the College of 
Life Sciences, College of Agriculture and College of 
Education only. 90 semester hours. Senior standing. 
An interdisciplinary investigation of global green- 
house warming - its causes, probable consequences, 
and ways to deal with it in the next 1(X) years. 

BIOL 501 Life Science for Middle School Teachers 

1(4) 
Three lectures and three hours of laboratory per 
week. An introductory lecture/laboratory course for 
teachers emphasizing the process and interdepend- 
ence of living organisms, their general organization 
and association with humans in natural ecosystems. 
Discussion of the genetic and evolutionary process 
involved in the continuity of life. 

BIOL 502 Life Science for Middle School Teachers 
11(4) 

Three lectures and three hours of laboratory per 
week. Prerequisite: BIOL 501. A second-level lec- 
ture/laboratory course that provides a general in- 
troduction to the classification, anatomy and 
physiology of plants and animals, with a special em- 
phasis on humans. 

BIOL 503 Life Science for Middle School Teachers 
III (4) 

Three lectures and three hours of laboratory per 
week. Prerequisite: BIOL 502. A third-level labo- 
ratory/field course that investigates the ecology and 
natural history of the Chesapeake Bay and human's 
relationship to it. 

BIOM - Biometrics 

BIOM 401 Biostatistics I (4) 

Three hours of lecture and one hour of discussion/ 
recitation per week. Prerequisite: BIOM 301. De- 
scriptive statistics, probability models useful in bi- 
ology, expectations, hypothesis testing, goodness of 
fit tests, central limit theorem, point and interval 
estimates, analysis of variance, regression, corre- 
lation, sampling, rank tests. Emphasis on the uses 
and the limitations of these methods in biology. 

BIOM 405 Computer Applications in Biometrics 

(1) 
Two hours of laboratory per week. Corequisite: 
BIOM 401. An introduction to computer usage in 



statistical analyses. Topics include file manipulation, 
formatting data, transformations, descriptive statis- 
tics, graphical displays of data, and several intro- 
ductory inferential statistical procedures. 

BIOM 602 Biostatistics II (3) 

1 hree hours ol lecture and one hour of discussion/ 
recitation per week. Prerequisite: BIOM 401 or 
equivalent. The principles of experimental design 
and analysis of variance and covariance. 

BIOM 603 Biostatistics III (3) 

Corequisite: BIOM 604 Prerequisite: BIOM 602; and 
BIOM 405 or equivalent. Applications of the general 
linear model to the life sciences. 

BIOM 604 Linear Models Computer Laboratory 

(1) 
Two hours of laboratory per week. Corequisite: 
BIOM 603. Prerequisite: BIOM 405. Implementa- 
tion of linear model analyses common to the life 
sciences. 

BIOM 688 Topics in Biometrics (1-3) 
Prerequisite: permission of department. Repeatahle 
to 6 credits if content differs. Advanced topics of 
current interest in various areas of biometrics. 
Credit assigned will depend on lecture and/or lab- 
oratory time scheduled and organization of the 
course. 

BIOM 698 Special Problems in Biometrics (1-3) 
Prerequisite: permission of both department and in- 
structor. Repeatahle to 6 credits if content differs. 
Individual study of a particular topic in biostatistics 
or biomathematics. 

BIOM 699 Seminar in Biometrics (1) 

BMGT - Business and 
Management 

BMGT 402 Database Systems (3) 

Prerequisite: BMGT 301. Introduction to basic con- 
cepts of database management systems. Relational 
databases, query languages and design will be cov- 
ered. File-processing techniques are examined. 

BMGT 403 Systems Analysis and Design (3) 

Prerequisite: BMGT 301. Techniques and tools ap- 
plicable to the analysis and design of computer- 
based information systems. System life cycle, re- 
quirements analysis, logical design of data bases, 
performance evaluation. Emphasis on case studies. 
Project required that involves the design, analysis 
and implementation of an information system. 

BMGT 404 Seminar in Decision Support Systems 

(3) 
Prerequisite: BMGT 301. Design of computer sys- 
tems to solve business problems and to support de- 



270 Course Descriptions 



cision making. Human and organizational factors 
are considered. Emphasis on case studies. 

BMGT 405 Business Telecommunications (3) 

Prerequisite: BMGT 301. Concepts of business data 
communications and data processing. Application 
of these ideas in computer networks, including basic 
principles of telecommunications technology, com- 
puter network technology, data management in dis- 
tributed database systems and management of the 
technical and functional components of telecom- 
munications technology. 

BMGT 407 Info Systems Projects (3) 

Prerequisite: 12 hours of information systems. For 
decision and information sciences majors only. Sen- 
ior standing. Senior capstone course for the decision 
and information sciences major. Collected knowl- 
edge from the DIS courses and application to sig- 
nificant problems of size and complexity. State-of- 
the-art research ideas and current business and in- 
dustrial practices in information systems. 

BMGT 410 Fund Accounting (3) 

Prerequisite: BMGT 310. An introduction to the 
fund-based theory and practice of accounting as ap- 
plied to governmental entities and not-for-profit as- 
sociations. 

BMGT 411 Ethics and Professionalism in 
Accounting (3) 

Prerequisite: BMGT 311. For accounting majors 
only. Senior standing. Analysis and discussion of 
issues relating to ethics and professionalism in ac- 
counting. 

BMGT 417 Advanced Tax Accounting (3) 

Prerequisites: BMGT 311; and BMGT 323. Federal 
taxation of corporations, partnerships, fiduciaries, 
and gratuitous transfers. Tools and techniques of tax 
research for compliance and planning. 

BMGT 420 Undergraduate Accounting Seminar (3) 

Prerequisite: senior standing as an accounting major 
or permission of department. Enrollment limited to 
upper one-third of senior class. Seminar coverage 
of outstanding current non-text literature, current 
problems and case studies in accounting. 

BMGT 422 Auditing Theory and Practice (3) 

Prerequisite: BMGT 311. A study of the independ- 
ent accountant's attest function, generally accepted 
auditing standards, compliance and substantive 
tests, and report forms and opinions. 

BMGT 424 Advanced Accounting (3) 

Prerequisite: BMGT 311. Advanced accounting the- 
ory applied to specialized topics and current prob- 
lems. Emphasis on consolidated statements and 
partnership accounting. 



BMGT 426 Advanced Cost Accounting (3) 

Prerequisite: BMGT 321. Advanced cost accounting 
with emphasis on managerial aspects of internal rec- 
ord-keeping and control systems. 

BMGT 427 Advanced Auditing Theory and 
Practice (3) 

Prerequisite: BMGT 422. An examination and in- 
depth study of special auditing topics such as statis- 
tical sampling, professional ethics, ED? auditing, 
legal Uability, and SEC accounting. 

BMGT 430 Linear Statistical Models in Business 

(3) 
Prerequisite: BMGT 230 or BMGT 231 or permis- 
sion of department. Model building involving an in- 
tensive study of the general linear stochastic model 
and the applications of this model to business prob- 
lems. The model is derived in matrix form and this 
form is used to analyze both the regression and AN- 
OVA formulations of the general linear model. 

BMGT 431 Design of Statistical Experiments in 
Business (3) 

Prerequisite: BMGT 230 or BMGT 231. Surveys 
ANOVA models, basic and advanced experimental 
design concepts. Non-parametric tests and correla- 
tions are emphasized. Applications of these tech- 
niques to business problems in primarily the 
marketing and behavioral sciences are stressed. 

BMGT 434 Introduction to Optimization Theory 

(3) 
Prerequisite: MATH 220: or permission of depart- 
ment. Primarily for students majoring in manage- 
ment science and statistics. Linear programming, 
postoptimahty analysis, network algorithms, dy- 
namic programming, nonlinear programming and 
single variable minimization. 

BMGT 435 Introduction to Applied Probability 
Models (3) 

Prerequisite: BMGT 231 or permission of depart- 
ment. Statistical models in management. Review of 
probability theory, Monte Carlo methods, discrete 
event simulation, Markov chains, queueing analysis, 
other topics depending upon time. Guass. a higher- 
level computer language, will be introduced in the 
class and the students will carry out various exercises 
using this language, 
.ix Business Finance, courses in 

BMGT 440 Financial Management (3) 

Prerequisite: BMGT 340. Analysis and discussion of 
cases and readings relating to financial decisions of 
the firm. The application of finance concepts to the 
solution of financial problems is emphasized. 



BMGT - Business and Management 271 



BMGT 443 Security Analysis and Valuation (3) 

Prerequisite: HXtClT 343. Study and application of 
the concepts, methods, models, and empirical lind- 
ings to the analysis, valuation, and selection of se- 
curities, especially common stock. 

BMGT 444 Futures Contracts and Options (3) 

Prerequisite: BMGT 343. The institutional features 
and economic rationale underlying markets in fu- 
tures and options. Hedging, speculation, structure 
of futures prices, interest rate futures, efficiency in 
futures markets, and stock and commodity options. 

BMGT 445 Commercial Bank Management (3) 

Prerequisites: BMGT 340; and ECO N 430. Analysis 
and discussion of cases and readings in commercial 
bank management. The loan function is empha- 
sized; also the management of liquidity reserves, 
investments for income, and source of funds. Bank 
objectives, functions, policies, organization, struc- 
ture, services, and regulation are considered. 

BMGT 446 International Finance (3) 

Prerequisite: BMGT 340. Financial management 
from the perspective of the multinational corpora- 
tion. Topics covered include the organization and 
functions of foreign exchange and international cap- 
ital markets, international capital budgeting, fi- 
nancing foreign trade and designing a global 
financing strategy. Emphasis of the course is on how 
to manage exchange and political risks while max- 
imixing benefits from global opportunity sets faced 
by the firm. 

BMGT 451 Consumer Analysis (3) 

Prerequisite: BMGT 350. Recommended: PSYC 
100; and PSYC 221. Not open to students who have 
completed CNEC 437. Credit will be granted for only 
one of the following: BMGT 451 or CNEC 437. 
American consumers in the marketing system. Un- 
derlying consumer behavior such as economic, so- 
cial, psychological and cultural factors. Analysis of 
consumers in marketing situations - as a buyer and 
user of products and services - and in relation to the 
various individual social and marketing factors af- 
fecting their behavior. The influence of marketing 
communications is also considered. 

BMGT 452 Marketing Research Methods (3) 

Prerequisites: BMGT 230; and BMGT 451. Formerly 
BMGT 450. Develops skills in the use of scientific 
methods in the acquisition, analysis and interpre- 
tation of marketing data. It covers the specialized 
fields of marketing research; the planning of survey 
projects, sample design, tabulation procedure and 
report preparation. 



BMGT 453 Industrial Marketing (3) 

Prerequisites: BMGT 350 plus one other marketing 
course. The industrial and business sector of the 
marketing system is considered rather than the 
household or ultimate consumer sector. Industrial 
products range from raw materials and supplies to 
the major equipment in a plant, business office, or 
institution. Topics include product planning and in- 
troduction, market analysis and forecasting, chan- 
nels, pricing, field sales force management, 
advertising, marketing cost analysis, and govern- 
ment relations. Particular attention is given to in- 
dustrial, business and institutional buying policies 
and practice and to the analysis of buyer behavior. 

BMGT 454 International Marketing (3) 

Prerequisites: BMGT 350 plus one other marketing 
course. Marketing functions from the international 
executive's viewpoint, including coverage of inter- 
national marketing policies relating to product ad- 
aptation, data collection and analysis, channels of 
distribution, pricing, communications, and cost ana- 
lysis. Consideration is given to the cultural, legal, 
financial, and organizational aspects of international 
marketing. 

BMGT 455 Sales Management (3) 

Prerequisite: BMGT 350. The role of the sales man- 
ager, both at headquarters and in the field, in the 
management of people, resources and marketing 
functions. An analysis of the problems involved in 
sales organization, forecasting, planning, commu- 
nicating, evaluating and controlling. The application 
of quantitative techniques and pertinent behavioral 
science concepts in the management of the sales 
effort and sales force. 

BMGT 456 Advertising (3) 

Prerequisite: BMGT 350. The role of advertising in 
the American economy; the impact of advertising 
on our economic and social life, the methods and 
techniques currently applied by advertising practi- 
tioners; the role of the newspaper, magazine, and 
other media in the development of an advertising 
campaign, modern research methods to improve the 
effectiveness of advertising and the organization of 
the advertising business. 

BMGT 457 Marketing Policies and Strategies (3) 

Prerequisite: BMGT 452. Integrative decision mak- 
ing in marketing. Emphasis on consumer and mar- 
ket analysis and the appropriate decision models. 
Case studies are included. 

BMGT 460 Human Resource Management: 
Analysis and Problems (3) 

Prerequisite: BMGT 360. Recommended: BMGT 
230. Research findings, special readings, case ana- 



272 



Course Descriptions 



lysis, simulation, and field investigations are used to 
develop a better understanding of personnel prob- 
lems, alternative solutions and their practical ram- 
ifications. 

BMGT 461 Entrepreneurship (3) 

Process of creating new ventures, including evalu- 
ating the entrepreneurial team, the opportunity and 
the financing requirements. Skills, concepts, mental 
attitudes and knowledge relevant for starting a new 
business. 

BMGT 462 Labor Legislation (3) 

Case method analysis of the modern law of industrial 
relations. Cases include the decisions of administra- 
tive agencies, courts and arbitration tribunals. 

BMGT 464 Organizational Behavior (3) 

Prerequisite: BMGT 364. An examination of re- 
search and theory concerning the forces which con- 
tribute to the behavior of organizational members. 
Topics covered include: work group behavior, su- 
pervisory behavior, intergroup relations, employee 
goals and attitudes, communication problems, or- 
ganizational change, and organizational goals and 
design. 

BMGT 467 Undergraduate Seminar in Human 
Resource Management (3) 

Prerequisite: permission of department. This course 
is open only to the top one-third of undergraduate 
majors in human resource management and is of- 
fered during the fall semester of each year. Guest 
lecturers make periodic presentations. 

BMGT 470 Carrier Management (3) 

Prerequisites: BMGT 370; and BMGT 372. Integra- 
tion of the functions available to managers in trans- 
portation companies including planning, directing 
and implemention of policies. Emphasis on the 
changing environment in which managers of trans- 
portation carriers function. 

BMGT 473 Advanced Transportation Problems (3) 

Prerequisite: BMGT 370. A critical examination of 
current government transportation policy and pro- 
posed solutions. Urban and intercity managerial 
transport problems are also considered. 

BMGT 474 Urban Transport and Urban 
Development (3) 

Prerequisite: ECON203; or ECON205. An analysis 
of the role of urban transportation in present and 
future urban development. The interaction of trans- 
port pricing and service, urban planning, institu- 
tional restraints, and public land uses is studied. 

BMGT 475 Advanced Logistics Management (3) 

Prerequisites: BMGT 370; and BMGT 372. Appli- 
cation of the concepts of BMGT 372 to problem 



solving and special projects in logistics management. 
Case analysis is stressed. 

BMGT 476 Applied Computer Models in 
Transportation and Logistics (3) 

Prerequisites: BMGT 370; and BMGT 372. Intro- 
duction to the expanding base of computer software 
in the transportation and logistics fields. Applica- 
tions of particular relevance to carrier and shipper 
issues in a deregulated environment. 

BMGT 477 International Transportation and 
Logistics (3) 

Prerequisites: BMGT 370; and BMGT 372. Analysis 
of the structure, service, pricing and competitive 
relationship of U.S. international carriers and trans- 
port intermediaries. Examination of the role of for- 
eign competitors, managerial and economic factors 
and politically imposed restrictions. Business and 
public policy implications of transportation in de- 
veloping countries and their interface with inter- 
national trade and development. 

BMGT 480 Legal Environment of Business (3) 

Junior standing. Principal ideas in law- stressing 
those relevant for the modem business executive 
with focus on legal reasoning as it has evolved in 
this country. Leading antitrust cases illustrating the 
reasoning process as well as the interplay of busi- 
ness, philosophy, and the various conceptions of the 
nature of law which give direction to the process. 
Examination of contemporary legal problems and 
proposed solutions, especially those most likely to 
affect the business community. 

BMGT 481 PubUc Utilities (3) 

Prerequisite: ECON 203; or ECON 205. Using the 
regulated industries as specific examples, attention 
is focused on broad and general problems in such 
diverse fields as constitutional law. administrative 
law. public administration, government control of 
business, advanced economic theory, accounting, 
valuation and depreciation, taxation, finance, en- 
gineering, and management. 

BMGT 482 Business and Government (3) 

Prerequisite: ECON 203: or ECON 205. A study of 
the role of government in modern economic life. 
Social control of business as a remedy for the abuses 
of business enterprise arising from the decline of 
competition. Criteria of limitations on government 
regulation of private enterprise. 

BMGT 485 Advanced Production Management (3) 

Prerequisite: BMGT 385. A study of typical prob- 
lems encountered by the factory manager. The ob- 
jective is to develop the ability to analyze and solve 
problems in management control of production and 



BMGT - Business and Management 273 



ill the lomuikition i)t production policies. Among 
the topics covered are plant location, production 
planning and control, methods analysis, and time 
study. 

BMCT 493 Honors Study (3) 

Prerequisite: permission of department. First semes- 
ter ot the senior year. The course is designed for 
honors students who have elected to conduct inten- 
sive study (independent or group). The student will 
work under the direct guidance of a faculty advisor 
and the Assistant Dean of Undergraduate Studies. 
They shall determine that the area of study is of a 
scope and intensity deserving of a candidate's at- 
tention. Formal written and/or oral reports on the 
study may be required by the faculty advisor. 

BMGT 494 Honors Study (3) 

Prerequisite: BMGT 493, and continued candidacy 
for honors in Business and Management. Second 
semester of the senior year. The student shall con- 
tinue and complete the research initiated in BMGT 
493, additional reports may be required at the dis- 
cretion of the faculty advisor and Assistant Dean of 
Undergraduate Studies. 

BMGT 495 Business Policies (3) 

Prerequisites: BMGT 340; and BMGT 350; and 
BMGT 364. A case study course where students 
apply what they have learned of general manage- 
ment principles and their specialized functional ap- 
plications to the overall management function in the 
enterprise. 

BMGT 496 Business and Society (3) 

Prerequisite: one course in BMGT; or permission of 
department. Normative role of business in society; 
consideration of the sometimes conflicting interests 
and claims on the firm and its objectives. 

BMGT 498 Special Topics in Business and 
Management (3) 

Prerequisite: permission of department. Repeatable 
to 6 credits if content differs. Special topics in busi- 
ness and management designed to meet the chang- 
ing needs and interests of students and faculty. 

BMGT 501 Business Functions (4) 

Intensive review of marketing and finance functions 
in the business enterprise. Credit not applicable to 
graduate degrees. 

BMGT 505 Organizational Behavior and Strategic 
Management (3) 

Intensive review of organizational behavior theory, 
and administrative processes and policy in the busi- 
ness enterprise. Credit not applicable to graduate 
degrees. 



BMGT 610 Financial Accounting (3) 

Intensive review of the technical and conceptual as- 
pects of linancial accountmg and accounting infor- 
mation systems as they apply to the business 
enterprise. 

BMGT 611 Managerial Accounting I (3) 

Prerequisite: BMGT 610. The use of accounting data 
for corporate financial planning and control. Or- 
ganization for control, profit planning, budgeting, 
relevant costing, return on investment, and admin- 
istration of the controllership function in smaller 
organizations. 

BMGT 620 Management Information Systems (3) 

The concepts, theory and techniques of information 
systems. The system life cycle. The role of infor- 
mation systems in the management and control of 
the organization. Effectiveness measures of infor- 
mation systems. Case studies of information systems 
as developed by industry and government. Societal 
impact. 

BMGT 630 Managerial Statistics I (3) 

Application of statistical concepts to solution of 
business problems; laboratory use of computer 
packages. 

BMGT 631 Operations Research and Management 

(3) 
Prerequisite: BMGT 630. Application of operations 
research and operations management concepts to 
solution of business problems. Emphasis on inte- 
grated approach to management decision making. 

BMGT 640 Financial Management (3) 

Prerequisites: BMGT 610; and BMGT 630. The role 
of financial management in the firm. Valuation and 
leverage, capital budgeting, cost of capital, dividend 
policy, long-term financing, working capital man- 
agement, short-term financing, intermediate-term 
financing and leasing, mergers and international fi- 
nancial management topics. 

BMGT 650 Marketing Management (3) 

Analysis of marketing problems and evaluation of 
specific marketing efforts regarding the organiza- 
tion's products and services, pricing activities, chan- 
nel selection, and promotion strategies in both 
domestic and international markets. 

BMGT 660 Management and Organizational 
Behavior (3) 

The influence of the behavioral sciences on the the- 
ory and practice of management. Motivation, lead- 
ership, and international styles of management. 

BMGT 661 Human Resource Management (3) 

The human resource function in organizations. Hu- 
man resource planning, procurement and selection. 



274 Course Descriptions 



training and development, performance appraisal, 
wage and salary administration, and equal employ- 
ment opportunity. 

BMGT 670 Economic Environment (3) 

The macroeconomic environment and its impact on 
the business enterprise. Nature of economic fluc- 
tuations, analysis of consumer spending, theory and 
analysis of investment spending, supply and demand 
for money and capital, modern macroeconomic the- 
ory, international problems, forecasting and an ana- 
lysis of economic conditions. 

BMGT 671 Managerial Economics (3) 

The application of economic theory to the business 
enterprise in respect to the determination of policy 
and the handling of management problems with par- 
ticular reference to the firm producing a complex 
line of products, nature of competition, pricing pol- 
icy, interrelationship of production and marketing 
problems, basic types of cost, control systems, the- 
ories of depreciation and investment and the impact 
of each upon costs. 

BMGT 672 Physical Distribution Management (3) 

Managerial practices required to fulfil the physical 
movement needs of extractive, manufacturing, and 
merchandising firms. The total cost approach to 
physical distribution. Interrelations among pur- 
chased transport services, privately-supplied trans- 
port services, warehousing, inventory control, 
materials handUng, packaging, and plant location. 
The communications network to support physical 
distribution. The problems of coordination between 
the physical movement management function and 
other functional areas within the business firm, such 
as accounting, finance, marketing, and production. 

BMGT 680 Business and Public Policy (3) 

Prerequisite: BMGT 670. Survey of conceptual and 
legal aspects of the business-environment relation- 
ship; nature of public policy; major historic and cur- 
rent policy issues; business role in the policy process; 
developing and managing corporate social policy 
and impact; special problems of the multinational 
corporation. 

BMGT 690 Strategic Management (3) 

Prerequisites: permission of department; and com- 
pletion of all other MBA core courses before regis- 
tering for this course. Case studies and research in 
the identification of management problems, the 
evaluation of alternative solutions, and the recom- 
mendation for management implementation. 

BMGT 702 Applied Security Analysis and Portfolio 

Management (3) 
Prerequisites: BMGT 640; and BMGT 743; and per- 
mission of department. Applications in definition of 



investment objectives, security analysis, portfolio 
analysis, portfolio selection, and portfolio manage- 
ment as they relate to the MBA Educational In- 
vestment Fund. Emphasis on analysis and 
recommendations. 

BMGT 710 Advanced Accounting Theory (3) 

Prerequisite: BMGT 610. Contemporary issues in 
financial accounting. The nature of income, the re- 
lationship between asset valuation and income de- 
termination, and various approaches to accounting 
for inflation. The accounting standards setting proc- 
ess. The measurement and valuation of assets (e.g., 
foreign investments) and liabiUties (e.g., leases and 
pensions). 

BMGT 711 Advanced Managerial Accounting (3) 

Prerequisites: permission of department; and com- 
pletion of all first year MBA courses before register- 
ing for this course. Study of advanced topics such as 
residual income, transfer pricing, information in- 
ductance, break-even analysis under uncertainty, 
statistical significance of standard cost variance, cost 
analysis and pricing decisions, distribution cost ac- 
counting, accounting data and managerial incentive 
contracts, and decision support systems for capital 
budgeting. 

BMGT 712 Accounting in Regulated Industries (3) 

Prerequisite: BMGT 611. Study of the unique ac- 
counting problems of industrial regulation by gov- 
ernmental agencies. 

BMGT 713 The Impact of Taxation On Business 
Decisions (3) 

Prerequisite: BMGT 611. The impact of tax law and 
regulations on alternative strategies with particular 
emphasis on the large, multidivisional firm. Prob- 
lems of acquisitions, mergers, spinoffs, and other 
divestitures from the viewpoint of profit planning, 
cash flow, and tax deferment. 

BMGT 715 International Accounting (3) 

Prerequisite: BMGT 611. International accounting, 
its problems and organization with the study of the 
issues involved; international standards of account- 
ing and auditing; national differences in accounting 
thought and practice. 
BMGT 721 File Processing and Database Systems 

(3) 
Prerequisite: permission of department. Concepts 
and techniques for structuring data on secondary 
storage devices. Experience in the use of these tech- 
niques. The basic data structures necessary for these 
techniques. Typical file processing applications. 

BMGT 724 Economics of Information Systems (3) 

Prerequisite: BMGT 620; or BMGT 721. Methods 
for the economic construction and operation of com- 



BMGT - Business and Management 275 



puter systems. Techniques for sizing and costing sys- 
tem components and lor optimizing system design. 
Methods lor efticient utilization of computer re- 
sources with particular consideration of relevant 
economic topics such as transfer pricing, joint costs, 
peak load pricing problems and public goods prob- 
lems. 

BMGT 725 Information Systems Analysis and 
Design (3) 

Prerequisite: BMGT 620: or BMGT 721. Introduc- 
tion to practical techniques for information systems 
and design. Design requirements for information 
processing systems. Models and tools for require- 
ment analysis. Case studies for actual systems and 
applications. 

BMGT 726 Distributed Data Processing (3) 

Prerequisite: BMGT 620; or BMGT 721. Introduc- 
tion to distributed data processing concepts. The 
building blocks of distributed systems: computers, 
terminals, and communications; the interface and 
protocols that allow them to function as an inte- 
grated system. Major categories of distributed sys- 
tems; resource-sharing networks, multiple- 
processor networks, and tightly coupled multipro- 
cessors. 

BMGT 727 Security and Control of Information 
Systems (3) 

Prerequisite: BMGT 620; or BMGT 721. The in- 
formation control risks faced by corporations. Tech- 
niques for enhancing the security and integrity of 
corporate information resources. The auditing and 
control procedures for corporate information sys- 
tems. Actual case studies. 

BMGT 731 Theory of Survey Design (3) 

Prerequisite: BMGT 630. The usefulness of statis- 
tical principles in survey design. The nature of sta- 
tistical estimation, the differential attributes of 
different estimators, the merits and weaknesses of 
available sampling methods and designs, the dis- 
tinctive aspects of simple random samples, stratified 
random samples, and cluster samples, ratio esti- 
mates and the problems posed by biases and non- 
sampling errors. 

BMGT 733 Managerial Statistics II (3) 

Prerequisite: BMGT 630 or equivalent. Covers sim- 
ple and multiple regression, including polynomial 
regression, residual analysis, multicoUinearity. au- 
tocorrelation, model selection techniques, analysis 
of variance and experimental design. 

BMGT 735 Application of Management Science (3) 

Prerequisite: BMGT 631. Selected topics and case 
studies in the apphcation of management science to 
decision making in various functional fields. 



BMGT 736 Philosophy and Practice of 
Management Science (3) 

Prerequisites: BMGT 630; and BMGT 632. Critical 
examination of the philosophy underlining the tech- 
niques and methodology of management science 
from a systems analysis point of view. 

BMGT 737 Management Simulation (3) 

Prerequisite: BMGT 631. Methodology of systems 
simulation, Monte Carlo simulation, and discrete 
simulation. Verification and validation of simulation 
models with computer applications. 

BMGT 740 New Venture Financing (3) 

Prerequisite: BMGT 640 or permission of depart- 
ment. Development of skills for financing new ven- 
tures (both small and potentially large). Exploration 
of various funding sources. Criteria used in evalu- 
ation and decision process, including commercial 
banks, venture capital companies, small business in- 
vestment companies, underwriters, private place- 
ment-financial consultants, mortgage bankers, and 
small business innovative research grants (U.S. 
Government). Topics will include: methods of fi- 
nancing, techniques for valuing new businesses, fi- 
nancial structure, and evaluation methods used by 
investors and lenders. 

BMGT 741 Advanced Financial Management (3) 

Prerequisite: BMGT 640. Concepts underlying fi- 
nancial decision making in the firm. Case studies, 
model building and applications in financial theory 
and management. 

BMGT 742 Financial Planning and Strategy (3) 

Prerequisite: BMGT 640. Integration and extension 
of financial theory to financial planning and strategy. 
Financial decision making through case analysis and 
financial planning models. 

BMGT 743 Investment Management (3) 
Prerequisite: BMGT 640. .Methods of security se- 
lection and portfolio management in the debt and 
equity markets. Investment alternatives, securities 
markets, bond and common stock valuation, op- 
tions, portfolio theory, and behavior of stock prices. 

BMGT 744 Futures Contracts and Options 

Management (3) 
Prerequisites: BMGT 640. The institutional features 
and economic rationale underlying markets in fu- 
tures and options. Hedging, speculation, structure 
of futures prices, interest rate futures, efficiency in 
futures markets, and stock and commodity options. 
Current journal literature. 

BMGT 745 Financial Institutions Management (3) 

Prerequisite: BMGT 640. The role of financial man- 
agement in financial institutions. The economic role 



276 Course Descriptions 



and regulation of financial institutions, analysis of 
risks and returns on financial assets and liabilities, 
and the structure of assets, liabilities and capital. 

BMGT 746 International Financial Management 

(3) 
Prerequisite: BMGT 640. The role of financial man- 
agement in the multinational firm. The financing and 
managing of foreign investments, assets, currencies, 
imports and exports. National and international fi- 
nancial institutions and markets. 

BMGT 751 Marketing Communications 
Management (3) 

Prerequisite: BMGT 650. The role of advertising, 
promotion, public relations and related efforts in 
the accomplishment of a firm's total marketing ob- 
jectives. The development of competence in the for- 
mulation of mass communications, objectives in 
budget optimization, media appraisal, theme selec- 
tion, program implementation and management, 
and results measurement. 

BMGT 752 Marketing Research Methods (3) 

Prerequisites: BMGT 630; and BMGT 650. The 
process of acquiring, classifying and interpreting pri- 
mary and secondary marketing data needed for in- 
telligent, profitable marketing decisions. Evaluation 
of the appropriateness of alternative methodologies 
such as the inductive, deductive, survey, observa- 
tional, and experimental. Recent developments in 
the systematic recording and use of internal and 
external data needed for marketing decisions. 

BMGT 753 International Marketing (3) 

Prerequisite: BMGT 650. Environmental, organi- 
zational, and financial aspects of international mar- 
keting as well as problems of marketing research, 
pricing, channels of distribution, product policy, and 
communications which face U.S. firms trading with 
foreign firms or which face foreign firms in their 
operations. 

BMGT 754 Buyer Behavior Analysis (3) 

Prerequisite: BMGT 650. A systematic examination 
and evaluation of the literature, research tradition 
and theory of buyer behavior in the market place 
from a fundamental and applied perspective. The 
cognitive and behavioral bases underlying the buy- 
ing process of individuals and institutions. 

BMGT 756 Business-to-Business Marketing (3) 

Prerequisite: BMGT 650. Problems and processes 
in marketing to organizational customers rather than 
final consumers. Basic marketing strategies and be- 
havioral models adjusted to accommodate the 
unique requirements of marketing to business and 
governmental customers. 



BMGT 761 Problems and Applications in Human 
Resource Management (3) 

Prerequisite: BMGT 661. Applications in the design, 
implementation, and evaluation of human resource 
management programs. Experiential learning activ- 
ities and simulations. 

BMGT 762 Problems and Issues in Collective 
Bargaining (3) 

Current problems and issues in collective bargain- 
ing, including methods of handling industrial dis- 
putes, legal restrictions on various collective 
bargaining activities, theory and philosophy of col- 
lective bargaining, and internal union problems. 

BMGT 763 Administration of Labor Relations (3) 

Analysis of labor relations at the plant level with 
emphasis on the negotiation and administration of 
labor contracts. Union policy and influence on per- 
sonnel management activities. 

BMGT 765 Organizational Behavior: A 
Multicultural Perspective (3) 

Prerequisite: BMGT 660. Study of organizational 
behavior from a multicultural perspective. 

BMGT 766 Management Planning and Control 

Systems (3) 

Prerequisite: BMGT 660. Analysis of planning and 
control systems as they relate to the fulfillment of 
organizational objectives. Identification of organi- 
zational objectives, responsibility centers, infor- 
mation needs, and information networks. Case 
studies of integrated planning and control systems. 

BMGT 767 Implementing Strategy: Organizing to 
Compete (3) 

Prerequisite: completion of the MBA core require- 
ments or permission of department. Recommended: 
BMGT 690. Organizational dynamics of competitive 
advantage. Impact of alternative organizational 
structures, planning and control systems, human re- 
source management practices, and executive lead- 
ership styles on the implementation of archetypically 
different strategies. 

BMGT 770 Transportation Theory and Analysis 

(3) 
Prerequisite: BMGT 672. The transportation system 
and its components. The development and present 
form of transportation in both the United States and 
other countries. Theoretical concepts employed in 
the analysis of transport problems. 

BMGT 771 Transportation and Public Policy (3) 

Prerequisite: BMGT 672. The nature and conse- 
quences of relations between governments and 
agencies thereof, carriers in the various modes, and 
users of transport. The control of transport firms by 



BMGT - Business and Management 277 



regulatory bodies, taxation ol carriers, methods em- 
ployed in the allocation ol funds to the construction, 
operation, and maintenance of publicly-provided 
transport facilities, and the direct subsidization of 
services supplied by privately-owned entities. Labor 
and safety. Comparative internatit)nal transport pol- 
icies and problems. 

BMGT 773 Transportation Strategies (3) 

Prerequisite: BMGT 672. Organization structure, 
policies, and procedures employed in the adminis- 
tration of inter- and intraurban transport firms. 
Managerial development, operational and financial 
planning and control, demand analysis, pricing, pro- 
motional policies, intraand intermodal competitive 
and complementary relationships, and methods for 
accommodating public policies designed to delimit 
the managerial discretion of carrier executives. Ad- 
ministrative problems peculiar to publicly-owned 
and operated transport entities. 

BMGT 776 Management of High Technology, 
Research and Development (3) 

The creation of competitive advantages through the 
use of new technology. The integration of techno- 
logical strategy with business strategy within the in- 
ternal corporate culture. Research and development 
in the context of this strategy-structure of the firm. 
The nature of R & D. the management of creativity, 
and new product development are also discussed. 
BMGT 777 Policy Issues in Public Utilities: Energy 

and the Environment (3) 
Prerequisite: BMGT 671. Current developments in 
regulatory policy and issues arising among public 
utilities, regulatory agencies, and the general public. 
Emphasis on the electric, gas. water, and commu- 
nications industries in both the public and private 
sectors of the economy. Changing and emerging 
problems such as cost analysis, depreciation, fi- 
nance, taxes, rate of return, the rate base, differ- 
ential rate-making, and labor. The growing 
importance of technological developments and their 
impact on state and federal regulatory agencies. 

BMGT 780 New Venture Creation (3) 

Prerequisite: completion of MBA core requirements 
or permission of department. Creating new ventures, 
including evaluating the entrepreneurial team, the 
opportunity and financing requirements. Skills, con- 
cepts, attitudes and know-how relevant for creating 
and building a venture; and preparation of a busi- 
ness plan. These approaches are not limited to new 
or growing enterprises. 
BMGT 781 The Entrepreneur and the 

Entrepreneurial Team (3) 
Prerequisite: completion of MBA core requirements 
or permission of department. The entrepreneur and 



the entrepreneurial team: the entrepreneur and the 
team as it relates to innovation, change, power, and 
risk-taking. Entrepreneurs and their teams from a 
variety of different firms present and discuss their 
views on leadership. 

BMGT 782 Corporate Venturing and 
Intrepreneurship (3) 

Prerequisite: completion of MBA core or permission 
of department. Corporate venturing and intrepre- 
neurship: overview of the venture process in cor- 
porations and the unique problems and 
opportunities for corporate entrepreneurs in the 
venturing process to reduce the cost of failure and 
increasing the chance of success. Emphasis is on the 
internal corporate venturing process, from selection 
to new venture creation. 

BMGT 791 MBA Field Project (3) 

Prerequisite: permission of department. Experiental 
research project in the identification of management 
problems, the evaluation of alternative solutions, 
and the recommendation for management. 

BMGT 794 The Environment of International 
Business (3) 

The international business environment as it affects 
company policy and procedures. In-depth analysis 
and comprehensive case studies of the business func- 
tions undertaken in international operations. 

BMGT 795 Management of the Multinational Firm 

(3) 
The problems and policies of international business 
enterprise at the management level. Management 
of a multinational enterprise as well as management 
within foreign units. The multinational firm as a 
socio-econometric institution. Cases in comparative 
management. 

BMGT 798 Special Topics in Business and 
Management (3) 

Prerequisite: permission of department. Repeatable 
to 6 credits if content differs. Selected advanced top- 
ics in the various fields of graduate study in business 
and management. 

BMGT 799 Master's Thesis Research (1-6) 

BMGT 808 Doctoral Seminar (3) 

Prerequisite: admission to the D.B.A. Program or 
permission of department. Repeatable if content dif- 
fers. Selected advanced topics in the various fields 
of doctoral study in business and management. 

BMGT 811 Seminar in Financial Accounting (3) 

Prerequisite: BMGT 710 or equivalent. Seminar in 
selected classic and current theoretical and empirical 
research in financial accounting. 



278 Course Descriptions 



BMGT 814 Current Problems of Professional 
Practice (3) 

Generally accepted auditing standards, auditing 
practices, legal and ethical responsibilities, and the 
accounting and reporting requirements of the se- 
curities and exchange commission. 

BMGT 815 Analytic Modeling in Accounting (3) 

Prerequisites: BMGT 630 and ECON 603: or equiv- 
alent. Seminar in formal analytical modeling in ac- 
counting research. 

BMGT 821 Seminar in Management Accomiting 

(3) 
Prerequisite: BMGT 711 or equivalent. Design and 
use of accounting information systems for mana- 
gerial planning and controllership. 

BMGT 823 Data Base Design (3) 

Prerequisite: BMGT 721. The problem of database 
design in the development of information systems. 
An integrated database design methodology. Tech- 
niques for different phases of database design. Com- 
puter-aided tools for data base design. 

BMGT 824 Database Systems Architecture (3) 

Prerequisite: BMGT 721. The important design is- 
sues in the software architecture of a database man- 
agement system. Group projects for the purpose of 
designing and implementing subsystems of a simple 
relational database system. Database types and ap- 
plications. 

BMGT 825 Knowledge-Based Systems (3) 

Prerequisite: BMGT 721. For BMGT majors only. 
Use of artificial intelligence techniques in develop- 
ing knowledge-based systems in Management In- 
formation Systems and Decision Support Systems. 
Knowledge representation formalisms, inference 
and control mechanisms for data intensive appli- 
cations, object-oriented systems, expert database 
systems, intelligent user interfaces for DSS. and spe- 
cial problems (eg. plausible reasoning, non-mono- 
tonic reasoning, heterogeneous knowledge bases 
and explanation support). 

BMGT 828 Independent Study in Business and 

.Management (1-9) 

BMGT 830 Operations Research: Linear 

Programming (3) 
Prerequisites: MATH 240 or equivalent; or permis- 
sion of department. Concepts and applications of 
linear programming models, theoretical develop- 
ment of the simplex algorithm, and primal-dual 
problems and theory. 

BMGT 831 Operations Research: Extension of 
Linear Programming and Network .Analysis (3) 

Prerequisite: BMGT 830 or equivalent: or permission 
of department. Concepts and apphcations of net- 



work and graph theory in linear and combinatorial 
models with emphasis on computational algorithms. 

BMGT 832 Operations Research: Optimization 
and .Nonlinear Programming (3) 

Prerequisites: {BMGT 830: and MATH 241; or 
equivalent}: or permission of department. Theory 
and applications of algorithmic approaches to solv- 
ing unconstrained and constrained non-linear optim- 
ization problems. The Kuhn Tucker conditions. 
Lagrangian and Duality Theory, types of convexity, 
and convergence criteria. Feasible direction proce- 
dures, penalty and barrier techniques, and cutting 
plane procedures. 

BMGT 833 Operations Research: Integer 
Programming (3) 

Prerequisites: {BMGT 830; and .MATH 241 or equiv- 
alent}; or permission of department. Theory, appli- 
cations, and computational methods of integer 
optimization. Zero-one implicit enumeration, 
branch and bound methods, and cutting plane meth- 
ods. 

BMGT 834 Operations Research: Probabilistic 
Models (3) 

Prerequisites: {MATH 241; and STAT 400 OE} or 
permission of department. Theoretical foundations 
for the construction, optimization, and applications 
of probabilistic models. Queuing theory, inventory- 
theory, Markov processes, renewal theory, and sto- 
chastic linear programming. 

BMGT 835 Simulation and Design of Experiments 

(3) 
Prerequisites: knowledge of Fortran programming; 
{BMGT 630; and BMGT 631 OE} or permission of 
department. Statistical design and analysis of simu- 
lation experiments. 

BMGT 840 Seminar in Financial Theory (3) 

Prerequisite: permission of department. Seminar in 
selected classic and current theoretical and empirical 
research in the foundations of finance. 

BMGT 841 Seminar in Corporate Finance (3) 

Prerequisite: permission of department. Seminar in 
selected classic and current theoretical and empirical 
research in corporate finance. 

BMGT 843 Seminar in Portfolio Theory (3) 

Prerequisite: permission of department. Seminar in 
selected classic and current theoretical and empirical 
research in portfolio theory. 

BMGT 845 Seminar in Financial Institutions and 

Markets (3) 
Prerequisite: permission of department. Seminar in 
selected classic and current theoretical and empirical 
research in financial institutions and markets. 



BMGT - Business and Management 279 



BMGT 85U NIarketinK Channels Analysis (3) 

Prerequisites perniLssiun uf depariment. MBA can- 
didates only. Focuses on the fundamental alternative 
channels of distribution, the roles played by various 
intermediaries, evolution of business structures in 
marketing, reasons for change, and projected mar- 
keting scenarios. 

BM(;T 851 Quantitative Methods in Marketing: 

Demand and Cost Analysis (3( 
Quantitative methods in the analysis and prediction 
of market demand and marketing costs. Demand 
related topics include estimating market potential, 
sales forecasting methods, buyer analysis, promo- 
tional and pricing impacts, and related issues. Cost 
analysis focuses on allocation of costs by marketing 
functions, products, territories, customers and mar- 
keting personnel. Statistical techniques, models and 
other quantitative methods are utilized to solve var- 
ious marketing problems. MB. A. candidates may 
register with permission of department. 

BMGT 852 Theory in Marketing (3) 

An inquiry into the problems and elements of theorv' 
development in general with specific reference to 
the field of marketing. A critical analysis and eval- 
uation of past and contemporary efforts to formu- 
late theories of marketing and to integrate theories 
from the social sciences into a marketing frame- 
work. Attention is given to the development of con- 
cepts in all areas of marketing thought and to their 
potential application in the business firm. 

BMGT 860 Seminar in Human Resource Planning 

and Selection (3) 
Prerequisite: BMGT 760 or permission of depart- 
ment. Seminar in selected theoretical and empirical 
literature in human resource planning, forecasting, 
and staffing. 

BMGT 861 Seminar in Performance Appraisal and 
Training (3) 

Prerequisite: BMGT 660 or permission of depart- 
ment. Seminar in selected theoretical and empirical 
literature in performance appraisal and training. 

BMGT 862 Seminar in Compensation 

.Administration (3) 
Prerequisite: BMGT 660 or permission of depart- 
ment. Seminar in selected theoretical and empirical 
literature in the compensation of human resources. 

BMGT 863 Work Morale and Motivation (3) 

Prerequisite: BMGT 660 or equivalent. Seminar on 
major theories of work motivation and job satisfac- 
tion. 



BMGT 864 Seminar in Leadership (3) 

Prerequisite: BMGT 660 or equivalent. Review of 
theories and research on leadership, especially ex- 
ecutive leadership. 

BMGT 865 .Seminar in Comparative Theories of 

Organization (3) 
Prerequisite: BMGT 764 or equivalent; or permission 
of department. Emphasis on the interdisciplinary lit- 
erature on classical management, systems, and con- 
tingency theories of organization. 

BMGT 866 Seminar in Group Processes, 
Organizational Conflict and Change (3) 

Prerequisite: BMGT 660 or equivalent. Review of 
theories and research in organizational develop- 
ment, group processes, group conflict and resolu- 
tions. 

BMGT 872 Business Logistics (3) 

Concentrates on the design and application of meth- 
ods for the solution of advanced physical movement 
problems of business firms. Provides thorough cov- 
erage of a variety of analytical techniques relevant 
to the solution of these problems. Where appropri- 
ate, experience will be provided in the utilization of 
computers to assist m managerial logistical decision- 
making. 

BMGT 873 Transportation Science (3) 

Focuses on the application of quantitative and qual- 
itative techniques of analysis to managerial prob- 
lems drawn from firms in each of the various modes 
of transport. Included is the appUcation of simula- 
tion to areas such as the control of equipment se- 
lection and terminal and line operations. The 
application of advanced analytical techniques to 
problems involving resource use efficiency within 
the transportation industry and between transpor- 
tation and other sectors of the economy is an integral 
part of the course. 

B.MGT 880 Business Research Methodology (3) 
Covers the nature, scope, and application of re- 
search methodology. The identification and for- 
mulation of research designs applicable to business 
and related fields. Required of D.B.A. students. 

BMGT 882 Applied Multivariate Analysis I (3) 

Prerequisite: BMGT 733 or equivalent. Topics in- 
clude elementary properties of matrices, multivar- 
iate distributions, the multivariate Hnear model, 
path analysis. The examination of business data us- 
ing existing computer programs is an integral part 
of the course. 

BMGT 883 Applied Multivariate Analysis II (3) 
Prerequisite: BMGT 882. Topics include discrimi- 
nant analysis, cluster analysis, principal component 



280 



Course Descriptions 



analysis, canonical analysis, factor analysis and 
other current multivariate statistical methods. 

BMGT 884 Univariate Forecasting Models (3) 

Prerequisite: BMGT 630 or equivalent. Traditional 
approaches to forecasting such as trend models and 
smoothing techniques. Models for stationary and 
nonstationary time series, their identification, esti- 
mation, forecasts and use in a business environment. 
All students are required to do a project utilizing 
these models in the analysis of business data. 

BMGT 885 Multiple Time Series Model Building 

(3) 
Prerequisite: BMGT 884. Recommended: BMGT 
882. Identification, estimation, and forecasting of 
dynamic systems, the application of intervention 
techniques to business problems, and the properties 
and fitting of multiple time series models to business 
data. All students are required to do a project using 
these techniques in analyzing business data. 

BMGT 886 Statistical Quality Control (3) 

Prerequisite: BMGT 733 or equivalent. Lot accept- 
ance sampling plans, rectifying inspection, control 
charts, reliability, dependence fitting, parameter es- 
timation, false and incomplete inspection models, 
and model verification based on actual data. 

BMGT 887 Bayesian Inference and Decision 
Theory (3) 

Prerequisite: BMGT 733 or equivalent. Bayesian 
Methodologies in statistical inference and decision 
theory. Includes discussion of subjective probability 
and coherence, elicitation of distributions conjugate 
distributions, estimation, testing, preposterior ana- 
lysis and regression analysis. Applications are drawn 
from the functional business areas. 

BMGT 899 Doctoral Dissertation Research (1-8) 

BOTN - Botany 

BOTN 401 Origins of Modern Botany (1) 

Prerequisite: 20 credit hours in biological science in- 
cluding BIOL 105 or permission of department. His- 
tory of botany as a science, from ancient Greece 
through the 18th century; emphasis on botany as an 
intellectual and cultural pursuit. 

BOTN 403 Medicinal and Poisonous Plants (2) 

Prerequisite: BIOL 105 and CHEM 104. A study of 
plants important to humans that have medicinal or 
poisonous properties. Emphasis on plant source, 
plant description, the active agent and its beneficial 
or detrimental physiological action and effects. 

BOTN 405 Advanced Plant Taxonomy (3) 

Two lectures and one laboratory per week. Prereq- 
uisite: BOTN 202; and BOTN 212, or equivalent. A 



review of the history and principles of plant tax- 
onomy with emphasis on monographic and floristic 
research. A detailed laboratory review of the fam- 
ilies of flowering plants. 

BOTN 407 Teaching Methods in Botany (2) 

Four two-hour laboratory demonstration periods 
per week, for eight weeks. Prerequisite: BIOL 105 
or permission of department. A study of the biolog- 
ical principles of common plants, and demonstra- 
tions, projects, and visual aids suitable for teaching 
in primary and secondary schools. 

BOTN 411 Evolutionary Biology of Plants (3) 

Prerequisite: BOTN 202 or equivalent. Evolution of 
basic plant biological systems, major structural ad- 
aptations of plant organs, and origins of vascular 
plant groups. The pace, patterns and mechanisms 
of evolution, discussed within a genetic, systematic 
and paleontological framework. 

BOTN 413 Plant Geography (2) 

Prerequisite: BIOL 105. A study of plant distribu- 
tion throughout the world and the factors generally 
associated with such distribution. 

BOTN 414 Plant Genetics (3) 

Prerequisite: BIOL 105. Credit will be granted for 
only one of the following: ZOOL 213, ANSC 201, 
BOTN 414, HORT274. The basic principles of plant 
genetics are presented; the mechanics of transmis- 
sion of the hereditary factors in relation to the life 
cycle of seed plants, the genetics of specialized or- 
gans and tissues, spontaneous and induced muta- 
tions of basic and economic significance gene action, 
genetic maps, the fundamentals of polyploidy, and 
genetics in relation to methods of plant breeding. 

BOTN 416 Plant Structure (4) 

Two hours of lecture and four hours of laboratory 
per week. Prerequisite: BIOL 105. A survey of the 
basic structural features of vascular plants, including 
subcellular organelles, cells, tissues, and organs. 
Emphasis on structural phenomena as they relate to 
physiological processes of agricultural importance. 

BOTN 420 Plant Cell Biology (3) 

Prerequisite: organic chemistry and two years of bo- 
tany. A study of eucaryotic cell organization, inte- 
grating structure with function and concentrating on 
subcellular organelles and the mechanisms of phys- 
iological regulation at the cellular level. 

BOTN 421 Principles of Plant Disease Management 

(3) 
Two hours of lecture and two hours of laboratory 
per week. Prerequisite: BOTN 221 or equivalent. A 
logical, holistic approach to understanding and plan- 
ning disease control using multiple strategies and 



BOTN - Botany 



281 



tactics to prevent crop losses from exceeding eco- 
nomic damage levels. 

BOTN 426 Mycology (4) 

Two hours of lecture and six hours of laboratory per 
week. Prerequisite: BIOL 105. An introductory 
course in the biology, morphology and taxonomy of 
the fungi. 

BOTN 441 Plant Physiology (4) 

Two hours of lecture and four hours of laboratory 
per week. Prerequisites: BIOL 105: and CHEM 113. 
Recommended: organic chemistry. A survey of the 
general physiological activities of plants. 

BOTN 456 Principles of Microscopy (2) 

Prerequisite: BOTN 420 or equivalent. An intro- 
duction to optical principles that underlie light and 
electron microscopic image formation. Brightfield, 
darkfield, phase contrast, differential interference 
contrast, fluorescence and polarized light micros- 
copy. Comparison of light and electron microscopy. 
The application of these techniques to problems in 
biological research. 

BOTN 462 Plant Ecology (2) 

Prerequisite: BIOL 105. The dynamics of popula- 
tions as affected by environmental factors with spe- 
cial emphasis on the structure and composition of 
natural plant communities, both terrestial and 
aquatic. 

BOTN 463 Ecology of Marsh and Dune Vegetation 

(2) 
Prerequisite: BIOL 105. An examination of the bi- 
ology of higher plants in dune and marsh ecosys- 
tems. 

BOTN 464 Plant Ecology Laboratory (2) 

Three hours of laboratory per week. Pre- or core- 
quisite: BOTN 462 or equivalent. Two or three field 
trips per semester. The application of field and ex- 
perimental methods to the qualitative and quanti- 
tative study of vegatation and ecosystems. 

BOTN 476 Biology of Phytoplankton (4) 

Two hours of lecture and four hours of laboratory 
per week. Prerequisites: BIOL 105 and an intro- 
ductory course in ecology (ZOOL 212 or equiva- 
lent). Collection, identification, culture, physical 
and chemical requirements, life cycles, community 
structure, specialized environments, blooms of phy- 
toplankton. 

BOTN 483 Plant Biotechnology (2) 

Prerequisite: {BOTN 414 or ZOOL 213 or MICB 
380 or ANSC 201 or HORT 274} and BOTN 441. 
Theoretical and applied consideration of current 
technology for crop improvement, including manip- 
ulation of whole plants, tissues, and genes. 



BOTN 484 Plant Biochemistry (3) 

Prerequisite: BOTN 441; and CHEM 233. Biochem- 
ical processes characteristic of plants, including pho- 
tosysnthesis. nitrogen fixation and biosynthesis of 
plant macromolecules. 

BOTN 620 Methods in Plant Tissue Culture (2) 

One lecture and one two-hour laboratory period a 
week. Prerequisite: permission of both department 
and instructor. A methodology and techniques 
course designed to give the student background and 
experience in plant tissue culture. 

BOTN 624 Prokaryotic Plant Pathogens (2) 

Two hours of lecture and one hour of discussion/ 
recitation per week. Prerequisite: BOTN 221 and 
permission of both department and instructor. A 
study of plant-pathogenic prokaryotes with empha- 
sis on systematics, etiology, cytological and phys- 
iological characteristics of the plant-pathogen 
interaction, ecology, epidemiology, control, and ge- 
netics. 

BOTN 625 Prokaryotic Plant Pathogens 
Laboratory (2) 

One four-hour laboratory and discussion period per 
week. Pre- or corequisite: BOTN 221; and BOTN 
624; and permission of both department and instruc- 
tor. Emphasis on techniques and methods applicable 
to clinical studies and research on prokaryotic plant 
pathogens. 

BOTN 632 Plant Virology (2) 

Prerequisite: permission of both department and in- 
structor Second semester. Biological, biochemical, 
and biophysical aspects of viruses and viral diseases 
of plants. 

BOTN 636 Plant Nematology (4) 

Two lectures and two laboratory periods a week. 
Prerequisite: BOTN 221 or permission of both de- 
partment and instructor The study of plant-parasitic 
nematodes, their morphology, anatomy, taxonomy, 
genetics, physiology, ecology, host-parasite rela- 
tions and control. Emphasis on recent advances. 

BOTN 640 Molecular Mechanisms of Plant 

Pathogenesis (2) 
Prerequisite: BCHM 461. Evaluation of current evi- 
dence on the role in plant disease development of 
various molecules produced by hosts and parasites. 
Examination of the molecular basis of microbial 
pathogenicity and plant disease resistance. 

BOTN 645 Growth and Development (2) 

Prerequisite: BOTN 441. Physiology of plant hor- 
mones, control of morphogenesis and regulation of 
biosynthesis, photomorphogenesis and photoper- 
iodism. 



282 Course Descriptions 



BOTN 646 Plant Morphogenesis (2) 

Prerequisite: BOTN 416 or equivalent. Biophysical 
aspects of plant development with particular focus 
on such structural phenomena as molecular self-as- 
sembly, polarity, cell division, cell expansion, mer- 
istem organization, phyllotaxis, and organ 
formation. 

BOTN 650 Nutrition and Transport in Plants (2) 

Prerequisite: BOTN 441. The uptake, partioning 
and utilization of the materials of the plant body. 
Transport of ions across cell membranes, fixation 
and metabolism of carbon and nitrogen, and long 
distance transport of inorganic chemicals and pho- 
tosynthates in vascular plants. Special emphasis on 
control and regulatory mechanisms that are unique 
to plant systems. 

BOTN 662 Physiological Plant Ecology (2) 

Prerequisite: BOTN 462 or equivalent. Environmen- 
tal effects on plant ecophysiology. Microclimatol- 
ogy, leaf energy balance, plant responses to 
temperature and radiation, physiological adaptions, 
water relations, plant gas exchange and resistance. 

BOTN 684 Plant Membrane Physiology (2) 

Prerequisite: BOTN 441; and BOTN 484 or equiv- 
alent. Biochemical and biophysical approaches to 
plant membrane structure and function. 

BOTN 685 Advanced Plant Physiology Laboratory 

(2) 
One lecture and one four-hour laboratory period a 
week. Prerequisite: BOTN 441. Biochemical and 
biophysical approaches to the study of the physio- 
logical processes of plants. 

BOTN 686 Molecular Genetics of Plants (2) 

Prerequisite: {BOTN 414; and BOTN 441; and 
BOTN 484} or equivalent. Current status of research 
on the structure, expression, and in vitro manipu- 
lation of plant nuclear genes and on the molecular 
genetics of plant organelles. 

BOTN 689 Special Topics in Botany (1-3) 

Maximum credit toward an advanced degree for the 
individual student with permission of department. 
Credit according to time scheduled and organization 
of course. This course is organized as lectures, dis- 
cussions or literature surveys on specialized ad- 
vanced topics under the direction of visiting 
lecturers or resident faculty. 

BOTN 698 Seminar in Botany (1) 

Prerequisite: permission of department. Discussion 
of special topics and current literature in all phases 
of botany. 



BOTN 699 Special Problems in Botany (1-3) 
Credit according to time scheduled and organization 
of course. Maximum credit towards an advanced 
degree for the individual student at the discretion 
of the student's advisor. This course emphasizes re- 
search on a specialized advanced topic and may con- 
sist primarily of experimental procedures under the 
direction of visiting lecturers or resident faculty. 

BOTN 721 Clinical and Field Plant Pathology (1-2) 
Diagnosis of plant diseases under clinical conditions, 
observation of symptoms and disease patterns in the 
field, collecting specimens, and writing control rec- 
ommendations. Student electing one credit hour 
may emphasize either field or clinical aspects. 

BOTN 799 Master's Thesis Research (1-6) 

BOTN 899 Doctoral Dissertation Research (1-8) 

CCJS - Criminology and 
Criminal Justice 

CCJS 400 Criminal Courts (3) 

Prerequisite: CCJS 100 or permission of department. 
Formerly CJUS 400. Criminal courts in the United 
States at all levels; judges, prosecutors, defenders, 
clerks, court administrators, and the nature of their 
jobs; problems facing courts and prosecutors today 
and problems of administration; reforms. 

CCJS 432 Law of Corrections (3) 

Prerequisites: CCJS 230 or CCJS 234; and CCJS 105. 
Formerly CRIM 432. A review of the law of criminal 
corrections from sentencing to final release or re- 
lease on parole. Probation, punishments, special 
treatments for special offenders, parole and pardon, 
and the prisoner's civil rights are also examined. 

CCJS 444 Advanced Law Enforcement 
Administration (3) 

Prerequisite: CCJS 340 or permission of department. 
Formerly CJUS 444. The structuring of manpower, 
material, and systems to accomplish the major goals 
of social control. Personnel and systems manage- 
ment. Political controls and Hmitations on authority 
and jurisdiction. 

CCJS 451 Crime and Delinquency Prevention (3) 

Prerequisite: CCJS 105 or CCJS 350 or permission 
of department. Formerly CRIM 451. Methods and 
programs in prevention of crime and delinquency. 

CCJS 452 Treatment of Criminals and Delinquents 

(3) 
Prerequisite: CCJS 105 or CCJS 350 or permission 
of department. Formerly CRIM 452. Processes and 
methods used to modify criminal and delinquent 
behavior. 



CHEM - Chemistry 



283 



CCJS 453 White Collar and Organized Crime (3) 

I'rcn-cfuisilf: CCJS 105 or CCJS J50. Formerly 
( RIM 4>6. Dctinition, detection, prosecution, sent- 
encing and impact ot white collar and organized 
crime. Special consideration given to the role ol 
federal law and enforcement practices. 

CCJS 454 Contemporary Criminological Theory 

(3) 
Prerequisites: CCJS 105; and CCJS 350. Formerly 
CRIM 454. Brief historical overview of criminol- 
ogical theory up to the 50's. Deviance. Labeling. 
Typologies. Most recent research in criminalistic- 
subcultures and middle class delinquency. Recent 
proposals for "decriminalization". 

CCJS 455 Dynamics of Planned Change in 
Criminal Justice I (3) 

Prerequisite: permission of department. Formerly 
CJUS 455. An examination of conceptual and prac- 
tical issues related to planned change in criminal 
justice. Emphasis on the development of innovative 
ideas using a research and development approach 
to change. 

CCJS 456 Dynamics of Planned Change in 
Criminal Justice II (3) 

Prerequisite: CCJS 455 or permission of department. 
Formerly CJUS 456. An examination of conceptual 
and practical issues related to planned change in 
criminal justice. Emphasis on change strategies and 
tactics which are appropriate for criminal justice 
personnel in entry level positions. 

CCJS 457 Comparative Criminology and Criminal 
Justice (3) 

Prerequisite: CCJS 105 or CCJS 350. Formerly 
CRIM 457. Comparison of law and criminal justice 
systems in different countries. Special emphasis on 
the methods of comparative legal analysis, inter- 
national cooperation in criminal justice, and crime 
and development. 

CCJS 461 Psychology of Criminal Behavior (3) 

Prerequisite: CCJS 105 or equivalent: and PSYC 330 
or PSYC 353. Formerly CRIM 455. Biological, en- 
vironmental, and personality factors which influence 
criminal behaviors. Biophysiology and crime, stress 
and crime, maladjustment patterns, psychoses, per- 
sonality disorders, aggression and violent crime, sex- 
motivated crime and sexual deviations, alcohol and 
drug abuse, and criminal behavior. 

CCJS 462 Special Problems in Security 
Administration (3) 

Prerequisite: CCJS 357. Formerly CJUS 462. An ad- 
vanced course for students desiring to focus on spe- 
cific concerns in the study of private security 



organizations; business intelligence and espionage; 
vulnerability and criticality analyses in physical se- 
curity; transportation, banking, hospital and mili- 
tary security problems; uniformed security forces; 
national defense information; and others. 

CCJS 498 Selected Topics in Criminology and 
Criminal Justice (3) 

Repeaiahlc to 6 credits if content differs. Formerly 
CRIM 498. Topics of special interest to advanced 
undergraduates in criminology and criminal justice. 
Offered in response to student request and faculty 
interest. 

CHEM - Chemistry 

CHEM 401 Inorganic Chemistry (3) 

Prerequisite: CHEM 481. 

CHEM 403 Radiochemistry (3) 

Prerequisite: one year of college chemistry and one 
year of college physics. Radioactive decay; intro- 
duction to properties of atomic nuclei; nuclear proc- 
esses in cosmology; chemical, biomedical and 
environmental applications of radioactivity; nuclear 
processes as chemical tools; interaction of radiation 
with matter. 

CHEM 421 Advanced Quantitative Analysis (3) 

Pre- or corequisites: CHEM 482 and CHEM 483. 
An examination of some advanced topics in quan- 
titative analysis including nonaqueous titrations, 
precipitation phenomena, complex equilibria, and 
the analytical chemistry of the less familiar ele- 
ments. 

CHEM 425 Instrumental Methods of Analysis (3) 

One hour of lecture, six hours of laboratory, and 
one hour of discussion/recitation per week. Prereq- 
uisite: CHEM 482; and CHEM 483. Modern instru- 
mentation in analytical chemistry. Electronics, 
spectroscopy, chromatography and electrochemis- 
try. 

CHEM 441 Advanced Organic Chemistry (3) 

Prerequisite: CHEM 481. An advanced study of the 
compounds of carbon, with special emphasis on mo- 
lecular orbital theory and organic reaction mecha- 
nisms. 

CHEM 474 Environmental Chemistry (3) 

Prerequisite: CHEM 481 or equivalent. The sources 
of various elements and chemical reactions between 
them in the atmosphere and hydrosphere are 
treated. Causes and biological effects of air and 
water pollution by certain elements are discussed. 

CHEM 481 Physical Chemistry I (3) 

Prerequisite: CHEM 113 or CHEM 153; and MATH 
141; and PHYS 142. A course primarily for chemists 
and chemical engineers. 



284 Course Descriptions 



CHEM 482 Physical Chemistry II (3) 

Prerequisite: CHEM 481. A course primarily for 
chemists and chemical engineers. 

CHEM 483 Physical Chemistry Laboratory I (2) 

One hour lecture-recitation and one three-hour lab- 
oratory period per week Corequisite: CHEM 481. 
An introduction to the principles and appHcation of 
quantitative techniques in physical chemical meas- 
urements. Experiments will be coordinated with 
topics in CHEM 481. 

CHEM 484 Physical Chemistry Laboratory H (2) 

One hour lecture-recitation and one three-hour lab- 
oratory period per week. Prerequisite: CHEM 481 
and CHEM 483. Corequisite: CHEM 482. A con- 
tinuation of CHEM 483. Advanced quantitative 
techniques necessary in physical chemical measure- 
ments. Experiments will be coordinated with topics 
in CHEM 482. 

CHEM 485 Advanced Physical Chemistry (2) 

Prerequisite: CHEM 482. Quantum chemistry and 
other selected topics. 

CHEM 487 Computer Applications in the 
Biological and Chemical Sciences (4) 

Three hours of lecture, three hours of laboratory, 
and one hour of discussion/recitation per week. Pre- 
requisite: CHEM 113 and CHEM 287 or equivalent; 
and knowledge of a scientific programming language 
(PASCAL, FORTRAN or "C"). The utilization of 
computers to solve chemical and biological prob- 
lems, with emphasis on the utilization of available 
software rather than "de novo" programming. 

CHEM 491 Advanced Organic Chemistry 

Laboratory (3) 
One hour of lecture and eight hours of laboratory 
per week. Prerequisite: CHEM 243. Formerly 
CHEM 433 and CHEM 443. Credit will be granted 
for only one of the following: CHEM 433 and CHEM 
443 or CHEM 491. Advanced synthetic techniques 
in organic chemistry with an emphasis on spectros- 
copy for structure determination. 

CHEM 492 Advanced Inorganic Chemistry 
Laboratory (3) 

One hour of lecture and eight hours of laboratory 
per week. Corequisite: CHEM 401. Synthetic and 
structural inorganic chemistry. Emphasis on spec- 
troscopy methods for structure determination. Stu- 
dents complete an individual special project. 
(Designed to satisfy the university requirement for 
a capstone course in chemistry.) 

CHEM 498 Special Topics in Chemistry (3) 

Three lectures or two lectures and one three-hour 
laboratory per week. Prerequisite varies with the na- 



ture of the topic being considered. Course may be 
repealed for credit if the subject matter is substantially 
different, but not more than three credits may be 
accepted in satisfaction of major supporting area re- 
quirements for chemistry majors. 

CHEM 503 Physical Science for Elementary/ 
Middle School Teachers III (4) 

Three hours of lecture, three hours of laboratory, 
and one hour of discussion/recitation per week. A 
second-level survey of major chemistry concepts, 
with emphasis on the properties and behavior of 
common substances. Types of chemical reactions, 
the relationship between molecular structure and 
reactivity, periodicity, oxidation-reduction, acids 
and bases, equilibrium, and practical applications of 
chemistry. The laboratory portion of the course sup- 
ports skills/understandings needed to prepare teach- 
ers for this aspect of physical science education. 

CHEM 504 Fundamentals of Organic Chemistry 
and Biochemistry (4) 

Three lectures and three hours of laboratory per 
week. Prerequisite: CHEM 503 or equivalent. A 
one-semester survey of organic chemistry and bio- 
chemistry. The chemistry of carbon: aliphatic com- 
pounds, aromatic compounds, stereochemistry, 
haUdes, amines, amides, acids, esters, carbohy- 
drates, and natural products. The laboratory ex- 
periments deal with synthetic and analytical organic 
activities. 

CHEM 513 Principles of Chemistry U (4) 

Three lectures and three hours of laboratory per 
week. Prerequisite: CHEM 503 or equivalent. A con- 
tinuation of the advanced survey of topics started 
in CHEM 503. Kinetics, thermodynamics, ionic 
equilibria, oxidation-reduction, electrochemistry, 
and the chemistry of common metals and nonmetals. 
Quantitative problem solving. Laboratory experi- 
ments, mostly quantitative in nature, support the 
topics developed in the lectures. 

CHEM 521 Quantitative Analysis (4) 

Two lectures and two three-hour laboratories per 
week. Prerequisite: CHEM 115 or equivalent. Vol- 
umetric, gravimetric, electrometric and colorimetric 
methods in analytical inorganic chemistry. 

CHEM 601 Advanced Inorganic Chemistry I (3) 

Prerequisite: CHEM 401 or equivalent. A survey of 
the fundamentals of modern inorganic chemistry as 
a basis for more advanced work. 

CHEM 602 Advanced Inorganic Chemistry II (3) 

Prerequisite: CHEM 601. A continuation of CHEM 
601 with more emphasis on current work in inor- 
ganic chemistry. 



CHEM - Chemistry 285 



CHEM 605 Chemistry of Coordination Compounds 

(3) 
Prerequisite: CHEM 601. Structure and properties 
of coordination compounds and the theoretical 
bases on which these are interpreted. 

CHEM 606 Chemistry of Or}>anometallic 
Compounds (3) 

Prerequisite: CHEM 60 1. An in-depth treatment of 
the properties of compounds having metal-carbon 

bonds. 

CHEM 608 Selected Topics in Inorganic Chemistry 

(1-3) 
Prerequisite: CHEM 601 and CHEM 602, or equiv- 
alent. Repeatable to 6 credits if content differs. Topics 
of special interest and current importance. 

CHEM 623 Optical Methods of Quantitative 
Analysis (3) 

Prerequisites: CHEM 421 and CHEM 482 or equiv- 
alent. The quantitative applications of various meth- 
ods of optical spectroscopy. 

CHEM 624 Electrical Methods of Quantitative 
Analysis (3) 

Prerequisites: CHEM 421 and CHEM 482 or equiv- 
alent. The use of conductivity, potentiometry, po- 
larography, voltammetry, amperometry, 
coulometry, and chronopotentiometry in quantita- 
tive analysis. 

CHEM 625 Separation Methods in Quantitative 
Analysis (3) 

Prerequisites: CHEM 421 and CHEM 482 or equiv- 
alent. The theory and application for quantitative 
analysis of various forms of chromatography, ion 
exchange, solvent extraction, distillation, and mass 
spectroscopy. 

CHEM 637 Atmospheric Chemistry (3) 

Prerequisite: METO 620 or CHEM 481 or permis- 
sion of department. Also offered as METO 637. Ap- 
plication of the techniques of thermodynamics, 
kinetics, and photochemistry to atmospheric gases 
in an effort to understand the global cycles of C, H, 
O, N and S Species; the use of laboratory and field 
measurements in models of the atmosphere. 

CHEM 640 Problems in Organic Reaction 
Mechanisms (1) 

A tutorial type course dealing with the basic de- 
scription of the fundamentals of writing organic re- 
action mechanisms. 

CHEM 641 Organic Reaction Mechanisms (3) 

CHEM 643 Organic Chemistry of High Polymers 

(2) 
An advanced course covering the synthesis of mon- 
omers, mechanisms of polymerization, and the cor- 



relation between structure and properties in high 
polymers. 

CHEM 647 Organic Synthesis (3) 

The use of new reagents in organic reactions; mul- 
tistep syntheses leading to natural products of bio- 
logical interest; stereospecific and regiospecific 
reactions and their use in total synthesis. 

CHEM 648 Special Topics in Organic Chemistry 

(1-3) 
Repeatable to 9 credits if content differs. Topics of 
special interest and current importance. 

CHEM 650 Problems in Organic Synthesis (1) 

A tutorial type course dealing with mechanistic 
problems from the current literature of organic 
sysnthesis. 

CHEM 660 Spectral Methods (2) 

The use of infrared, ultraviolet-visible, proton and 
carbon-13 nuclear magnetic resonance and mass 
spectroscopy for structure determination in organic 
chemistry. 

CHEM 678 Special Topics in Environmental 
Chemistry (3) 

Prerequisite: CHEM 474. Repeatable to 6 credits if 
content differs. In-depth treatment of environmental 
chemistry problem areas of current research inter- 
est. The topics will vary somewhat from year to year. 

CHEM 682 Reaction Kinetics (3) 

CHEM 684 Chemical Thermodynamics (3) 

Prerequisite: CHEM 482 or equivalent. 

CHEM 686 Chemical Crystallography (3) 

Prerequisite: permission of instructor. A detailed 
treatment of single-crystal X-ray methods. 

CHEM 687 Statistical Mechanics and Chemistry 

(3) 
Prerequisite: CHEM 684 or equivalent. 

CHEM 688 Selected Topics in Physical Chemistry 

(2) 
Repeatable to 6 credits if content differs. 

CHEM 689 Special Topics in Physical Chemistry 

(3) 
Repeatable to 9 credits if content differs. 

CHEM 690 Quantum Chemistry I (3) 

Prerequisite: CHEM 485. 

CHEM 691 Quantum Chemistry IK 3) 

Prerequisite: CHEM 690 or PHYS 622. 

CHEM 699 Special Problems in Chemistry (1-6) 

Prerequisite: one semester of graduate study in chem- 
istry. Restricted to students in the non-thesis M.S. 



286 



Course Descriptions 



option. Repealable to 6 credits. Laboratory experi- 
ence in a research environment. 

CHEM 705 Nuclear Chemistry (3) 

Nuclear structure models, radioactive decay proc- 
esses, nuclear reactions in complex nuclei, fission, 
nucleosynthesis and nuclear particle accelerators. 

CHEM 723 Marine Geochemistry (3) 

Prerequisite: CHEM 481 or equivalent. The geo- 
chemical evolution of the ocean; composition of sea 
water, density-chlorinity-saUnity relationship and 
carbon dioxide system. The geochemistry of sedi- 
mentation with emphasis on the chemical stability 
and inorganic and biological production of carbon- 
ate, silicate and phosphate containing minerals. 

CHEM 729 Special Topics in Geochemistry (1-3) 
Repeatahle to 6 credits if content differs. A discussion 
of current research problems. 

CHEM 750 Chemical Evolution (3) 

Prerequisite: CHEM 441 and/or BCHM 462, or 
CHEM 721. or ZOOL 446, or BOTN 616. The 
chemical processes leading to the appearances of Hfe 
on earth. Theoretical and experimental considera- 
tions related to the geochemical, organic, and bio- 
chemical phenomena of chemical evolution. 

CHEM 799 Master's Thesis Research (1-6) 

CHEM 898 Seminar (1) 

CHEM 899 Doctoral Dissertation Research (1-8) 

CHIN - Chinese 

CHIN 401 Readings in Modern Chinese I (3) 

Prerequisite: CHIN 302 or equivalent. Non-majors 
admitted only after a placement interview. Readings 
in history, politics, economics, sociology, and lit- 
erature. Emphasis on wide-ranging, rapid reading, 
reinforced by conversations and compositions. 

CHIN 402 Readings in Modern Chinese II (3) 

Prerequisite: CHIN 401 or equivalent. Non-majors 
admitted only after a placement interview. Contin- 
uation of CHIN401. 

CHIN 403 Classical Chinese I (3) 

Prerequisite: CHIN 302. Introductory classical 
Chinese using hterary and historical sources in the 
original language. 

CHIN 404 Classical Chinese II (3) 

Prerequisite: CHIN 302. Further classical studies by 
various writers from famous ancient philosophers to 
prominent scholars before the new culture move- 
ment. 

CHIN 405 Advanced Conversation and 
Composition (3) 

Prerequisite: CHIN 302 or permission of instructor. 
Non-majors admitted only after a placement inter- 



view. Practice in writing essays, letters, and reports 
on selected topics. Conversation directed toward 
everyday situations and topics related to life in 
China. Conducted in Chinese. 

CHIN 415 Readings in Current Newspapers and 
Periodicals (3) 

Prerequisite: CHIN 402 or equivalent. Non-majors 
admitted only after a placement interview. Reading 
of periodical literature on selected topics with dis- 
cussions and essays in Chinese. 

CHIN 421 Sounds and Transcriptions of Mandarin 
Chinese (3) 

Production and recognition of Mandarin speech 
sounds and tones, their phonological patterns, com- 
parison with English, and representation by the var- 
ious Romanization systems. 

CHIN 422 Advanced Chinese Grammar (3) 

Chinese sentence patterns studied contrasted with 
English and in terms of current pedagogical as well 
as linguistic theories. 

CHIN 431 Translation and Interpretation I (3) 

Prerequisite: CHIN 302 or equivalent and permission 
of department. Theory and practice of Chinese/Eng- 
lish translation and interpretation with emphasis on 
translation. 

CHIN 432 Translation and Interpretation II (3) 

Prerequisite: CHIN 402 or equivalent and permission 
of department. Workshop on Chinese/English trans- 
lation and interpretation, with emphasis on seminar 
(consecutive) interpretation and introduction to 
conference (simultaneous) interpretation. 

CHIN 441 Traditional Chinese Fiction (3) 

Prerequisite: permission of department. Major works 
of fiction from the 4th century tales of the marvelous 
through the 19th century Ching novel. Taught in 
Chinese. 

CHIN 442 Modern Chinese Fiction (3) 

Prerequisite: permission of department. Examina- 
tion, through selected texts, of the writer's role as 
shaper and reflector of the Republican and Com- 
munist revolutions. Taught in Chinese. 

CHIN 499 Directed Study in Chinese (1-3) 
Prerequisite: permission of instructor. Repeatable to 
6 credits if content differs. Readings in Chinese under 
faculty supervision. 

CHPH - Chemical Physics 

CHPH 611 Fundamentals of Atomic and Molecular 
Spectroscopy (3) 

Prerequisite: PHYS 622 or equivalent. Atomic and 
molecular physics. Energy levels of multi-electron 



CJUS - Institute of Criminal Justice and Criminology 287 



atoms and diatomic molecules; transition hctwccn 
energy levels. 

CHPH 612 Molecular Structure and Kinetics (3) 

Prerequisite: permission of instructor. Molecular 
structure, atomic and molecular collisions and 
chemical kinetics including experimental tech- 
niques. 

CHPH 618 Special Projects in Chemical Physics (1- 

3) 
Prerequisite: permission of instructor. Repeatable to 
6 credits. Independent reading and study covering 
chemical physics subject areas not available in other 
courses. 

CHPH 709 Seminar in Chemical Physics (1) 

Current research and developments in chemical 
physics. 

CHPH 718 Special Topics in Chemical Physics (1- 

3) 
Repeatable if content differs with permission of de- 
partment. A discussion of current research problems 
in chemical physics. 

CHPH 799 Master's Thesis Research (1-6) 

CHPH 899 Doctoral Dissertation Research (1-8) 

CJUS - Institute of Criminal 
Justice and Criminology 

ejus 600 Criminal Justice (3) 

Prerequisites: admission to the graduate program in 
criminal justice or permission of department. Current 
concept of criminal justice in relationship to other 
concepts in the field. Historical perspective. Crim- 
inal justice and social control. Operational impli- 
cations. Systemic aspects. Issues of evaluation. 

CJUS 630 Seminar in Criminal Law and Society 

(3) 
Prerequisite: CJUS 230 or equivalent; and a course 
in introductory criminology. The criminal law is 
studied in the context of general studies in the area 
of the sociology of law. The evolution and social and 
psychological factors affecting the formulation and 
administration of criminal laws are discussed. Also 
examined is the impact of criminal laws and their 
sanctions on behavior in the light of recent empirical 
evidence. 

CJUS 640 Seminar in Criminal Justice 
Administration (3) 

Prerequisites: one course in the theory of groups or 
organizations; and one course in administration; or 
permission of department. Examination of external 
and internal factors that currently impact on police 
administration. Intra-organizational relationships 



and policy formulation; the conversion of inputs into 
decisions and policies. Strategies for formulating, 
implementing and assessing administrative deci- 
sions. 

CJUS 650 Research Seminar in Puhlic Policy and 
Crime Control (3) 

Prerequisite: permission of department. Analysis of 
the political and organizational process of policy de- 
velopment and implementation in criminal justice. 
Collection, analysis and interpretation of research 
data on current and ongoing efforts to form and 
implement policy. 

CJUS 699 Special Problems in Criminal Justice (1- 

3) 
Prerequisite: permission of department. Repeatable 
to 6 credits. Supervised study of a selected problem 
in the field of criminal justice. 

CJUS 720 Criminal Justice System Planning (3) 

Prerequisites: one course in criminal justice and one 
course in research methodology. System theory and 
method; examination of planning methods and 
models based primarily on a systems approach to 
the operations of the criminal justice system. 

CJUS 799 Master's Thesis Research (1-6) 

CLAS - Classics 

CLAS 411 Greek Drama (3) 

Also offered as CMLT 411. Credit will be granted 
for only one of the following: CLAS 411 or CMLT 
411. The chief works of Aeschylus, Sophocles, Eu- 
ripides, and Aristophanes in English translations. 

CLAS 420 The Classical Tradition (3) 

Examination of the role of classical tradition in west- 
ern thought, with particular regard to literature. 

CLAS 470 Advanced Greek and Roman Mythology 

(3) 
Prerequisite: CLAS 170 or permission of depart- 
ment. Selected themes and characters of Greek and 
Roman myth. History of the study of myth and re- 
search methods in mythology. 

CLAS 488 Independent Study in Classical 
Civilization (3) 

Prerequisite: permission of department. Repeatable 
to 6 credits if content differs. 

CLAS 494 Senior Seminar in Classics (3) 

Limited to graduating classics majors. To be taken 
in the last year and preferably the last semester of 
the undergraduate program. Topics will vary each 
semester; most will be interdisciplinary or will cross 
historical periods. The course will provide a seminar 
experience in material or methodologies not oth- 
erwise available to the major. 



288 



Course Descriptions 



CLAS 495 Senior Thesis in Classics (3) 

Prerequisite: permission of department. Prior de- 
partmental approval of research topic is required. 
Available to all students who wish to pursue a spe- 
cific research topic. 

CLAS 499 Independent Study in Classical 

Languages and Literatures (1-3) 
Prerequisite: permission of department. 

CLAS 601 Intro to Graduate Study in Classics (3) 

Introduction to the central problems and methods 
of investigation in the main fields of Classical stud- 
ies. 

CLAS 620 Classical Epic (3) 

The nature of ancient epic, its development through 
a close reading of Homer's Iliad and Odyssey, the 
Argonautica of Apollonius of Rhodes, and Vergil's 
Aeneid. Selections from other examples of epic as 
a basis for further comparison of the techniques of 
composition, the poet's objectives, and the influence 
of historical context and literary precedent upon the 
poems. Comparison with Near Eastern epics such 
as the Gilgamesh poem, or with post-Classical texts. 
Epic conventions. 

CLAS 621 The Classical Tradition (3) 

The role the classics have played in western thought, 
with particular attention to literature. 

CLAS 640 Women in Antiquity (3) 

Study of role of women in Greek and Roman so- 
ciety. 

CLAS 670 Classical Myth and Literature (3) 

The nature and function of myth in Greek culture. 
Consideration of a variety of theoretical approaches 
to myth, beginning with those developed by the 
Greeks, allegory and euhemerism, and including 
Jungian and Freudian psychology, structuralism, 
and the myth-ritual school. 

CLAS 688 Special Topics in Classical Civilization 

(3) 
Repeatable to 9 credits if content differs. 

CLAS 699 Independent Study in Classical 

Civilization (1-3) 
Prerequisite: permission of instructor. Repeatable to 
6 credits if content differs. 

CLAS 799 Master's Thesis Research (1-6) 

CMLT - Comparative Literature 

CMLT 411 The Greek Drama (3) 

Also offered as CLAS 411. Credit will be granted 
for only one of the following: CMLT 411 or CLAS 
411. The chief works of Aeschylus, Sophocles, Eu- 
ripides, and Aristophanes in English translations. 



Emphasis on the historic background, on dramatic 
structure, and on the effect of the Attic drama upon 
the mind of the civilized world. 

CMLT 415 The Old Testament As Literature (3) 

A study of sources, development and literary types. 

CMLT 416 New Testament As Literature (3) 

A knowledge of Greek is helpful, but not essential. 
A study of the books of the New Testament, with 
attention to the relevant historical background and 
to the transmission of the text. 

CMLT 421 The Classical Tradition and Its 
Influence in the Middle Ages and the 
Renaissance (3) 

Reading knowledge of Greek or Latin required. Em- 
phasis on major writers. 

CMLT 422 The Classical Tradition and Its 
Influence in the Middle Ages and the 
Renaissance (3) 

Reading knowledge of Greek and Latin required. 
Emphasis on major writers. 

CMLT 430 Literature of the Middle Ages (3) 

Narrative , dramatic and lyric literature of the middle 
ages studied in translation. 

CMLT 433 Dante and the Romance Tradition (3) 

A reading of the divine comedy to enlighten the 
discovery of reality in western literature. 

CMLT 461 Romanticism: Early Stages (3) 

Reading knowledge of French of German required. 
Emphasis on England, France and Germany. 

CMLT 462 Romanticism: Flowering and Influence 

(3) 
Reading knowledge of French and German re- 
quired. Emphasis on England, France and Ger- 
many. 

CMLT 469 The Continental Novel (3) 

The novel in translation from Stendhal through the 
existentialists, selected from literatures of France, 
Germany, Italy, Russia, and Spain. 

CMLT 470 Ibsen and the Continental Drama (3) 

Emphasis on the major work of Ibsen, with some 
attention given to selected predecessors, contem- 
poraries and successors. 

CMLT 479 Major Contemporary Authors (3) 

CMLT 488 Genres (3) 

Repeatable to 6 credits if content differs. A study of 
a recognized literary form, such as tragedy, epic, 
satire, literary criticism, comedy, tragicomedy, etc. 

CMLT 489 Major Writers (3) 

Each semester two major writers from different cul- 
tures and languages will be studied. Authors will be 



CMSC - Computer Science 289 



chosen 1)11 the basis of signiliciiiil relationships of 
cultural and aesthetic contexts, analogies between 
their respective works, and the importance of each 
writer to his literary tradition. 

CMLT 498 Selected Topics in Comparative 
Literature (3) 

CMLT 601 Problems in Comparative Literature (3) 

Prerequisite: permission of department. 

CMLT 610 Folklore in Literature (3) 
CMLT 631 The Medieval Epic (3) 
CMLT 632 The Medieval Romance (3) 

CMLT 639 Studies in the Renaissance (3) 

Repeatable to 9 credits. 

CMLT 642 Problems of the Baroque in Literature 

(3) 

CMLT 649 Studies in Eighteenth Century 
Literature (3) 

Repeatable to 9 credits. Studies in eighteenth century 
literature: as announced. 

CMLT 658 Studies in Romanticism (3) 

Repeatable to 9 credits. Studies in romanticism: as 
announced. 

CMLT 679 Seminar in Modern and Contemporary 
Literature (3) 

Repeatable to 9 credits. Seminar in modern and con- 
temporary literature: as announced. 

CMLT 681 Literary Criticism: Ancient and 
Medieval (3) 

CMLT 682 Literary Criticism: Renaissance and 
Modern (3) 

CMLT 699 Independent Study (1-6) 

Prerequisite: permission of instructor. Repeatable to 
9 credits if content differs. Research and writing on 
specific readings on a topic selected by the student 
which is approved and supervised by a faculty mem- 
ber. 

CMLT 799 Master's Thesis Research (1-6) 

CMLT 801 Seminar in Themes and Types (3) 

Prerequisite: permission of department. 

CMLT 899 Doctoral Dissertation Research (1-8) 

CMSC - Computer Science 

CMSC 400 Introduction to Computer Systems and 

Software (3) 
Prerequisite: MATH 141 and experience with a high- 
level programming language and (graduate standing 
or permission of department). Assembly language 
and instruction execution for Von Neumann Archi- 



tectures. Records, arrays, pointers, parameters, and 
recursive procedures. I/O structures and interrupt 
handling. Finite state automata. Course is intended 
primarily for graduate students in other disciplines. 
CMSC 400 may not not be counted for credit in the 
graduate or undergraduate program in computer sci- 
ence. 

CMSC 411 Computer Systems Architecture (3) 

Prerequisites: a grade of C or better in either CMSC 
311 or CMSC 400; and permission of department. 
Input/output processors and techniques. Intra-sys- 
tem communication, buses, caches. Addressing and 
memory hierarchies. Microprogramming, parallel- 
ism, and pipelining. 

CMSC 412 Operating Systems (4) 

Three hours of lecture and two hours of laboratory 
per week. Prerequisites: (a grade of C or better in 
CMSC 311 and CMSC 330) or a grade of C or better 
in CMSC 400; and permission of department. An 
introduction to batch systems, spooling systems, and 
third-generation multiprogramming systems. De- 
scription of the parts of an operating system in terms 
of function, structure, and implementation. Basic 
resource allocation policies. 

CMSC 415 Systems Programming (3) 

Prerequisites: CMSC 412 with a grade of C or better; 
and permission of department. Basic algorithms of 
operating system software. Memory management 
using linkage editors and loaders, dynamic reloca- 
tion with base registers, paging. File systems and 
input/output control. Processor allocation for mul- 
tiprogramming, timesharing. Emphasis on practical 
systems programming, including projects such as a 
simple linkage editor, a stand-alone executive, a file 
system, etc. 

CMSC 420 Data Structures (3) 

Prerequisites: a grade of C or better in CMSC 251 
or CMSC 400; and permission of department. De- 
scription, properties, and storage allocation of data 
structures including lists and trees. Algorithms for 
manipulating structures. Applications from areas 
such as data processing, information retrieval, sym- 
bol manipulation, and operating systems. 

CMSC 421 Introduction to Artificial Intelligence 

(3) 
Prerequisites: a grade of C or better in CMSC 251 
and CMSC 330; and permission of department. Rec- 
ommended: CMSC 420. Areas and issues in artificial 
intelligence, including search, inference, knowledge 
representation, learning, vision, natural languages, 
expert systems, robotics. Implementation and ap- 
plication of programming languages (e.g. LISP, 
PROLOG. SMALLTALK), programming tech- 



290 Course Descriptions 



niques (e.g. pattern matching, discrimination net- 
works) and control structures (e.g. agendas, data 
dependencies). 

CMSC 424 Database Design (3) 

Prerequisite: CMSC 420 with a grade of C or better; 
and permission of department. Recommended: 
CMSC 450. Motivation for the database approach 
as a mechanism for modeUng the real world. Review 
of the three popular data models: relational, net- 
work, and hierarchical. Comparison of permissible 
structures, integrity constraints, storage strategies, 
and query facilities. Theory of database design logic. 

CMSC 426 Image Processing (3) 

Prerequisite: CMSC 420. An introduction to basic 
techniques of analysis and manipulation of pictorial 
data by computer. Image input/output devices, im- 
age processing software, enhancement, segmenta- 
tion, property measurement, Fourier analysis. 
Computer encoding, processing, and analysis of 
curves. 

CMSC 430 Theory of Language Translation (3) 

Prerequisites: a grade of C or better in CMSC 330 
or CMSC 400; and permission of department. Formal 
translation of programming languages, program syn- 
tax and semantics. Finite state recognizers and reg- 
ular grammers. Contextfree parsing techniques such 
as recursive descent, precedence, LL(k) and LR(k). 
Code generation, improvement, syntax-directed 
translation schema. 

CMSC 434 Human Factors in Computer and 
Information Systems (3) 

Prerequisites: CMSC 330 with a grade of C or better 
and PSYC 100 and STAT 400 and permission of 
department. Human factors issues in the develop- 
ment of software, the use of database systems, and 
the design of interactive computer systems. Exper- 
imentation on programming language control and 
data structures, programming style issues, docu- 
mentation, program development strategies, debug- 
ging, and readability. Interactive system design 
issues such as response time, display rates, graphics, 
on-line assistance, command language, menu selec- 
tion, or speech input/output. 

CMSC 435 Software Design and Development (3) 

Prerequisites: a grade of C or better in CMSC 420 
and CMSC 430; and permission of department. 
State-of-the-art techniques in software design and 
development. Laboratory experience in applying 
the techniques covered. Structured design, struc- 
tured programming, top-down design and devel- 
opment, segmentation and modularization 
techniques, iterative enhancement, design and code 
inspection techniques, correctness, and chief-pro- 



grammer teams. The development of a large soft- 
ware project. 

CMSC 450 Logic for Computer Science (3) 

Prerequisites: {(CMSC 251 and MATH 141} with 
grade of C or better) and permission of department. 
Also offered as MATH 450. Credit will he granted 
for only one of the following: MATH 445 or CMSC 
450IMATH 450. Elementary development of prop- 
ositional and first-order logic accessible to the ad- 
vanced undergraduate computer science student, 
including the resolution method in prepositional 
logic and Herbrand's Unsatisfiability Theorem in 
first-order logic. Included are the concepts of truth, 
interpretation, validity, provability, soundness, 
completeness, incompleteness, decidability and 
semi-decidability. 

CMSC 451 Design and Analysis of Computer 
Algorithms (3) 

Prerequisites: a grade of C or better in CMSC 113 
and CMSC 251; and permission of department. Fun- 
damental techniques for designing and analyzing 
computer algorithms. Greedy methods, divide-and- 
conquer techniques, search and traversal tech- 
niques, dynamic programming, backtracking meth- 
ods, branch-and-bound methods, and algebraic 
transformations. 

CMSC 452 Elementary Theory of Computation (3) 

Prerequisites: a grade of C or better in CMSC 113 
and CMSC 251; and permission of department. Al- 
ternative theoretical models of computation, types 
of automata, and their relations to formal grammars 
and languages. 

CMSC 456 Data Encryption and Security (3) 

Prerequisites: CMSC 420 with a grade of C or better; 
and permission of department. Recommended: 
CMSC 451. Methods of protecting computer data 
from unauthorized use and users by data encryption 
and by access and information controls. Classical 
cryptographic systems. Introduction to several mod- 
ern systems such as data encryption standard and 
public-key cryptosystems. 

CMSC 460 Computational Methods (3) 

Prerequisites: {a grade of C or better in MATH 240 
and MATH 241}; and {CMSC 110 or CMSC 113}; 
and permission of department. Also offered as 
MAPL 460. Credit will be granted for only one of 
the following: CMSC/ MAPL 460 or CMSC/ MAPL 
466. Basic computational methods for interpolation, 
least squares, approximation, numerical quadra- 
ture, numerical solution of polynomial and tran- 
scendental equations, systems of linear equations 
and initial value problems for ordinary differential 
equations. Emphasis on methods and their com- 



CMSC - Computer Science 291 



putational properties rather than their analytic as- 
pects. Intended primarily for students in the physical 
and engineering sciences. 

CMSC 466 Introduction to Numerical Analysis I 

(3) 
Prerequisites: {a grade of C or better in MATH 240 
and MATH 241): and {CMSC 110 or CMSC 113); 
and permission of department. Also offered as 
MA PL 466. Credit will be granted for only one of 
the following: CMSC/ MA PL 460 or CMSC/ MA PL 
466. Floating point computations, direct methods 
for linear systems, interpolation, solution of nonlin- 
ear equations. 

CMSC 467 Introduction to Numerical Analysis II 

(3) 
Prerequisite: MAPLICMSC 466 with a grade of C 
or better: and permission of department. Also offered 
as MA PL 467. Credit will be granted for only one 
of the following: CMSC 467 or MA PL 467. Ad- 
vanced interpolation, linear least squares, eigen- 
value problems, ordinary differential equations, fast 
Fourier transforms. 

CMSC 475 Combinatorics and Graph Theory (3) 

Prerequisites: MATH 240 and MATH 241. Also of- 
fered as MATH 475. General enumeration methods, 
difference equations, generating functions. Ele- 
ments of graph theory, matrix representations of 
graphs, applications of graph theory to transport 
networks, matching theory and graphical algo- 
rithms. 

CMSC 477 Optimization (3) 

Prerequisites: (CMSC/MAPL 460, or CMSC/MAPL 
466, or CMSC/MAPL 467) with a grade of C or 
better; and permission of department. Also offered 
as MA PL 477. Credit will be granted for only one 
of the following: CMSC 477 or MAPL 477. Linear 
programming including the simplex algorithm and 
dual linear programs; convex sets and elements of 
convex programming; combinatorial optimization, 
integer programming. 

CMSC 498 Special Problems in Computer Science 

(1-3) 

Prerequisite: permission of department. An indivi- 
dualized course designed to allow a student or stu- 
dents to pursue a specialized topic or project under 
the supervision of the senior staff. Credit according 
to work done. 

CMSC 612 Computer Systems Theory (3) 

Prerequisites: CMSC 411; and CMSC 412; and STAT 
400. Basic theoretical results in computer systems, 
including synthetic models of system structure, an- 
alytical (probabilistic) models of system structure. 



analysis of computer system mechanisms, analysis 
of operating system mechanisms, and analysis of 
resource allocation policies. 

CMSC 620 Problem Solving Methods in Artificial 
Intelligence (3) 

Prerequisites: CMSC 420; and CMSC 450. Under- 
lying theoretical concepts in solving problems by 
heuristically guided trial and error search methods. 
State-space problem reduction, and first-order pred- 
icate calculus representations for solving problems. 
Search algorithms and their optimality proofs. 

CMSC 624 Database Management Systems (3) 

Prerequisite: CMSC 424 or permission of instructor. 
Theoretical and implementation issues of database 
systems. Topics include: data semantics and models, 
deduction and expert database systems, implemen- 
tation techniques of database management systems, 
advanced access methods and query optimization, 
distributed databases, and database machine archi- 
tecture. 

CMSC 630 Theory of Programming Languages (3) 

Prerequisite: CMSC 430. Contemporary topics in the 
theory of programming languages. Formal specifi- 
cation and program correctness. Axiomatic proof 
systems (both Floyd-Hoare and Dijkstra's predicate 
transformers), Mills' functional correctness ap- 
proach, abstract data types (both abstract model and 
algebraic specifications), and Scott-style denota- 
tional semantics based on least fixed points. 

CMSC 650 Theory of Computing (3) 

Prerequisite: CMSC 452. Formal treatment of the- 
oretical models of computation, computable andun- 
computable functions, unsolvable decision 
problems, and computational complexity. 

CMSC 651 Analysis of Algorithms (3) 

Prerequisite: CMSC 451. Efficiency of algorithms, 
orders of magnitude, recurrence relations, lower- 
bound techniques, time and space resources, NP- 
complete problems, polynomial hierarchies, and ap- 
proximation algorithms. Sorting, searching, set ma- 
nipulation, graph theory, matrix multiplication, fast 
Fourier transform, pattern matching, and integer 
and polynomial arithmetic. 

CMSC 666 Numerical Analysis I (3) 

Prerequisites: CMSC/MAPL 466; and MATH 410. 
Also offered as MAPL 666. Iterative methods for 
linear systems, piecewise interpolation, eigenvalue 
problems, numerical integration. 

CMSC 667 Numerical Analysis II (3) 

Prerequisite: CMSC/MAPL 666. Also offered as 
MAPL 667. Nonlinear systems of equations, ordi- 



292 Course Descriptions 



nary differential equations, boundary value prob- 
lems. 

CMSC 710 Performance Evaluation of Computer 

Systems (3) 
Prerequisite: CMSC 412. MATH 141. and STAT 400 
or equivalent. Performance evaluation methodolo- 
gies. Methods for evaluating computer/communi- 
cation systems. Analytical modeling using queueing 
theoretic approach. Simulation for performance 
evaluation. Applying theoretical methods by mod- 
eling computer system components. Case studies us- 
ing analuical and simulation techniques. 

CMSC 711 Computer Networks (3) 

Prerequisite: CMSC 412 or equivalent. Priciples, de- 
sign, and performance evaluation of computer net- 
works. Network architectures including the ISO 
model and local area networks (LANs). Commu- 
nication protocols and network topology. 

CMSC 712 Distributed Algorithms and Verification 

(3) 
Prerequisite: CMSC 612 or equivalent. Study of al- 
gorithms from the distributed and concurrent sys- 
tems literature. Formal approach to specifying, 
verifying, and deriving such algorithms. Areas se- 
lected from mutual exclusion, resource allocation, 
quiescence detection, election, Byzantine agree- 
ments, routing, network protocols, and fault-loler- 
ence. Formal approaches will handle system 
specification and verification of safety, liveness, and 
real-time properties. 

CMSC 720 Logic for Problem Sol>ing (3) 

Prerequisite: CMSC 620. Logic programming and its 
use in problem solving, natural language recognition 
and parsing, and robotics. The PROLOG language. 
Meta-level and parallel logic programming. Expert 
systems. Term project in logic programming. 

CMSC 723 Computational Linguistics (3) 

Prerequisite: CMSC 420. Introductory course on ap- 
plications of computational techniques to linguistics 
and natural-language processing. Research cycle of 
corpus selection, pre-editing, keypunching, pro- 
cessing, post-editing, and evaluation. General-pur- 
pose input, processing, and output routines. Special- 
purpose programs for sentence parsing and gener- 
ation, segmentation, idiom recognition, paraphras- 
ing, and stylistic and discourse analysis. Programs 
for dictionary', thesaurus, and concordance compi- 
lation, and editing. Systems for automatic abstract- 
ing, translation, and question-answering. 

CMSC 727 Connectionist Models of Intelligent 

Systems (3) 
Prerequisites: MATH 240 and MATH 241; and per- 
mission of instructor. Fundamental methods of con- 



nectionist modelling (neural modelling). Surveys 
historical development and recent research results 
from both the computational and dynamical systems 
perspective. Logical neurons, perceptrons. linear 
adaptive networks, adaptive resonance, energy min- 
imizing models, competitive activation methods, er- 
ror back-propagation, and tensor models. 
Applications in artificial intelligence, cognitive sci- 
ence, and neuroscience. 

CMSC 730 Artificial Intelligence (3) 

Prerequisites: CMSC 620: and STAT 401. Heuristic 
programming; tree search procedures. Programs for 
game playing, theorem finding and proving, and 
problem solving. Conversation with computers; 
question-answering programs. Trainable pattern 
classifiers:linear, piecewise linear, quadratic, and 
multilayer machines. Statistical decision theory, de- 
cision functions, likelihood ratios; mathematical tax- 
onomy, cluster detection. Neural models, 
computational properties of neural nets, processing 
of sensory information, representative conceptual 
models of the brain. 

CMSC 733 Computer Processing of Pictorial 
Information (3) 

Prerequisite: CMSC 420. Input, output, and storage 
of pictorial information. Pictures as information 
sources, efficient encoding, sampling, quantization, 
approximation. Position-invariant operations on 
pictures, digital and optical implementations, the 
pax language, applications to matched and spatial 
frequency filtering. Picture quality, image enhance- 
ment and image restoration. Picture properties and 
pictorial pattern recognition. Processing of complex 
pictures; figure extraction, properties of figures. 
Data structures for pictures description and manip- 
ulation; picture languages. Graphics systems for al- 
phanumeric and other symbols, line drawings of 
two- and three-dimensional objects, cartoons and 
movies. 
CMSC 735 A Quantitative Approach to Software 

Management and Engineering (3) 
Prerequisites: CMSC 435; and STAT 400 or permis- 
sion of instructor. Introduction to the fundamental 
ideas for measuring and evaluating the software de- 
velopment process and product. Types of models 
and metrics currently in use. Paradigms for using 
practical measurement for managing and engineer- 
ing the software development and maintenance 
process; evaluating software methods and tools; and 
improving productivity, quality and the effective use 
of methodology. 

CMSC 750 Advanced Theory of Computation (3) 

Prerequisite: CMSC 650. Continuation of CMSC 
650. Relevant results and techniques from recursive 



CNEC - Consumer Economics 



293 



function thcciry such as priority arguments. Current 
research topics in the foundation of computing, such 
as inductive inference and polynomial terseness. 

CMSC 751 Parallel Algorithms (3) 

Prerequisite: CMSC 451 or equivalent. A presenta- 
tion of the theory of parallel computers and parallel 
processing. Models of parallel processing and the 
relationships between these models. Techniques for 
the design and analysis of efficient parallel algo- 
rithms including parallel prefix, searching, sorting, 
graph problems, and algebraic problems. Theoret- 
ical limits of parallelism, inherently sequential prob- 
lems, and the theory of P-completeness. 

CMSC 753 Mathematical Linguistics (3) 

Prerequisites: CMSC 650 and STAT 400. Introduc- 
tory course on applications of mathematics to lin- 
guistics. Elementary ideas in phonology, grammar 
and semantics. Automata, formal grammars and 
languages. Chomsky's theory of transformational 
grammars, Yngve's depth hypothesis and syntactic 
complexity. Markov-chain models of word and sen- 
tence generation. Shannon's information theory 
Carnap and Bar-Hillel's semantic theory, lexicos- 
tatistics and stylostatistics, Zipf s law of frequency 
and Mandelbrot's rank hypothesis. Mathematical 
models as theoretical foundation for computational 
linguistics. 

CMSC 760 Advanced Linear Numerical Analysis 

(3) 
Prerequisite: CMSCIMAPL 666 or permission of in- 
structor. Also offered as MA PL 600. Formerly 
CMSC 770. Advanced topics in numerical linear al- 
gebra, such as dense eigenvalue problems, sparse 
elimination, iterative methods, and other topics. 

CMSC 762 Numerical Solution of Nonlinear 
Equations (3) 

Prerequisites: CMSCIMAPL 666; and CM SCI 
MAPL 667 or permission of instructor. Also offered 
as MAPL 604. Formerly CMSC 772. Numerical so- 
lution of nonlinear equations in one and several var- 
iables. Existence questions. Minimization methods. 
Selected applications. 

CMSC 798 Graduate Seminar in Computer 
Science (1-3) 

CMSC 799 Master's Thesis Research (1-6) 

CMSC 818 Advanced Topics in Computer Systems 

(1-3) 
Prerequisite: permission of instructor. Repeatable for 
credit. Advanced topics selected by the faculty from 
the literature of computer systems to suit the interest 
and background of students. 



CMSC 828 Advanced Topics in Information 

Processing (1-3) 
Prerequisite: permission of instructor. Repeatable for 
credit. Advanced topics selected by the faculty from 
the literature of information processing to suit the 
interest and background of students. 

CMSC 838 Advanced Topics in Programming 

Languages (1-3) 
Prerequisite: permission of instructor. Repeatable for 
credit. Advanced topics selected by faculty from the 
literature of programming languages to suit the in- 
terest and background of students. 

CMSC 858 Advanced Topics in Theory of 

Computing (1-3) 
Prerequisite: permission of instructor. Repeatable for 
credit. Advanced topics selected by the faculty from 
the literature of theory of computing to suit the 
interest and background of students. 

CMSC 878 Advanced Topics in Numerical Methods 

(1-3) 
Prerequisite: permission of instructor. Repeatable for 
credit. Advanced topics selected by the faculty from 
the literature of numerical methods to suit the in- 
terest and background of students. 

CMSC 899 Doctoral Dissertation Research (1-8) 

CNEC - Consumer Economics 

CNEC 400 Research Methods (3) 

Prerequisite: MATH 110 or MATH 115. Not open 
to students who have completed TEXT 400 or BMGT 
230. Research methodology in textiles and consumer 
economics, with particular emphasis on the appli- 
cation of statistical concepts and techniques to the 
analysis of data from the areas of textiles and con- 
sumer economics. 

CNEC 410 Consumer Finance (3) 

Prerequisites: ECON201; and ECON203. Not open 
to students who have completed FMCD 441. An eco- 
nomic approach to the problems of income alloca- 
tion and consumer financial planning, including 
income maximization, principles of asset choice, fi- 
nancial management and risk management. The ef- 
fects of fiscal and monetary policies on lifetime 
economic planning. 

CNEC 431 The Consumer and the Law (3) 

A study of legislation affecting consumer goods and 
services. Topics covered include product safety and 
liability, packaging and labeling, deceptive adver- 
tising, and consumer credit. The implications of such 
legislation for consumer welfare with particular em- 
phasis on the disadvantaged groups in our society 
will be examined. 



294 Course Descriptions 



CNEC 433 Consumer Law: Advertising and 
Solicitation (3) 

Prerequisite: CNEC 431 or permission of department. 
An advanced study of the legal consequences of 
inducing consumers to enter into commercial trans- 
actions. Individual consumer remedies, collective 
consumer remedies and government regulation. 

CNEC 435 Economics of Consumption (3) 

Prerequisites: {ECON 201; and ECON 203} or 
{ECON 205 for non-majors}. The application of eco- 
nomic theory to a study of consumer decision-mak- 
ing and its role in a market economy at both the 
individual and aggregate levels. Topics covered in- 
clude empirical studies of consumer spending and 
saving, the consumer in the market and collective 
consumption. 

CNEC 437 Consumer Behavior (3) 

Prerequisites: PSYC 100; and SOCY 100. An ap- 
plication of the behavioral sciences to a study of 
consumer behavior. Current theories, models and 
empirical research findings are explored. 

CNEC 455 Product Standards (3) 

Prerequisite: permission of department. The process 
of product standard development, and the signifi- 
cance of such standards to the consumer. History, 
procedures and uses of standards by industry and 
government, including both voluntary and regula- 
tory standardization; the impact of product stan- 
dards, and mechanisms for obtaining consumer 
input in the standardization process. 

CNEC 456 Product Liability and Government 

Regulation (3) 
Prerequisite: CNEC 431 or permission of depart- 
ment. Legal concepts involved in society's deter- 
mination of consumer's rights to product safety. 
Litigation determining the obligation of manufac- 
turers and sellers to injured consumers. Govern- 
ment regulations defining the obligations of 
manufacturers to design and construct products in 
accordance with government standards. 

CNEC 457 Product Safety (3) 

Prerequisite: permission of department. An interdis- 
ciplinary investigation of consumer product safety. 
Major statutes and agencies regulating safety. Al- 
ternative means of promoting consumer product 
safety. The application of product liability and cost 
benefit analysis to the economics of product safety. 
Consumer response to safety labeling, advertising 
and educational efforts. 

CNEC 488 Senior Honors Thesis (1-4) 
Limited to undergraduate students in the departmen- 
tal honors program. An independent literary, lab- 



oratory or field study, conducted throughout the 
student's senior year. Student should register in both 
fall and spring. 

CNEC 498 Special Studies (2-4) 
Independent study by an individual student or by a 
group of students in advanced work not otherwise 
provided in the department. Students must prepare 
a description of the study they wish to undertake. 
The plan must be approved by the faculty directing 
the study and the department chairman. 

CONS - Sustainable Development 
and Conservation Biology 

CONS 608 Seminar in Sustainable Development 

and Conservation Biology (1-2) 
Repeatable to 6 credits if content differs. Special top- 
ics and current literature in conservation biology and 
sustainable development. 

CONS 670 Conservation Biology (3) 

Credit will be granted for only one of the following: 
ZOOL 670 or CONS 670. Single species conser- 
vation theory and practice: population vaibility as- 
sessment, conservation genetics and demography, 
metapopulations. reintroduction and conservation 
education. 

CONS 680 Problem Solving in Conservation/ 
Development (4) 

Prerequisite: pd. Students will be exposed to current 
problems in conservation/developmentthro ugh 
great lectures, field trips, interviews and appropriate 
literature. Working in teams, students will formulate 
recommendations based on a synthesis of biological, 
economic and policy considerations. 

CONS 799 Masters Thesis Research (1-2) 
Prerequisite: completion of three of the required core 
courses. For CONS majors only. Repeatable to 6 
credits if content differs. 

CRIM - Criminology 

CRIM 610 Research Methods in Criminal Justice 
and Criminology (3) 

Prerequisite: completion of research methods and 
statistics requirements for the M.A. Degree. Exam- 
ination of special research problems and techniques. 

CRIM 650 Advanced Criminology (3) 

Survey of the principal issues in contemporary cri- 
minological theory and research. 

CRIM 651 Seminar in Criminology (3) 

Analysis of significant recent issues in Criminology. 

CRIM 652 Seminar in Juvenile Delinquency (3) 

Analysis of delinquency and its control. 



DANC - Dance 



295 



CRIM 653 Crime and Delinquency as a 
Community Problem (3) 

An intensive study of selected problems in adult 
crime and juvenile delinquency in Maryland. 

CRIM 654 History of Criminological Thought (3) 

Prerequisite: CRIM 454 or equivalent. A study of 
the development of criminological thought from an- 
tiquity to the present. 

CRIM 699 Special Criminological Problems (1-3) 
Prerequisite: permission of department. Repeatable 
to 6 credits if content differs. Supervised study of 
selected problems in the field of criminology. 

CRIM 710 Advanced Research Methods in 
Criminology (3) 

Prerequisite: approved doctoral level statistics 
course. Application of advanced research methods 
and data analysis strategies to criminological and 
criminal justice problems. 

CRIM 799 Master's Thesis Research (1-6) 

CRIM 899 Doctoral Dissertation Research (1-8) 

Doctoral dissertation research in criminal justice 
and criminology. 

DANC - Dance 

DANC 410 Technical Theater Production for 
Dance (3) 

Two hours of lecture and two hours of laboratory 
per week. Prerequisite: DANC 210 or equivalent (or 
permission of department). A study of the theoret- 
ical principles of production and the practical ap- 
plication of those principles to the presentation of 
dance works. 

DANC 411 Dance Management and Administration 

(3) 
Principles of dance management and administra- 
tion, including organization of touring, bookings, 
budgets, public relations, grantsmanship and audi- 
ence development. 

DANC 428 Advanced Ballet Technique I (1) 

Two hours of laboratory per week. Prerequisite: 
DANC 329 or audition. Repeatable to 3 credits. Ad- 
vanced ballet technique with emphasis on physical 
and expressive skills. 

DANC 429 Advanced Ballet Technique 11(1) 

Two hours of laboratory per week. Prerequisite: 
DANC 428. Repeatable to 3 credits. Intensive work 
in ballet technique for the professionally-oriented 
dancer. 

DANC 448 Modern Dance V for Majors (3) 

Prerequisite: DANC 349 or audition. Repeatable to 
6 credits. Complex phrases of modern dance move- 
ment with emphasis on articulation and expression. 



DANC 449 Modern Dance VI for Majors (3) 

Prerequisite: DANC 448 or audition. Repeatable to 
6 credits. Continuation of DANC 448. 

DANC 466 Laban Movement Analysis (3) 

Introduction to Rudolf Laban's system of qualitative 
movement analysis in relation to understanding per- 
sonal movement style. Application to dance per- 
formance, teaching, composition and research. 

DANC 468 Modern Repertory (3) 

Prerequisite: DANC 349 or permission of depart- 
ment. Repeatable to 6 credits if content differs. Form, 
content, music, design and performance of modern 
dance works. 

DANC 471 Movement Behavior (3) 

The social psychology of movement; reciprocity of 
physical and emotional behavior. 

DANC 479 Advanced Practicum in Dance (1-3) 
Repeatable to 6 credits. Advanced level performing 
experience for the student dancer who has devel- 
oped an advanced professional level of competence. 

DANC 482 History of Dance I (3) 

Prerequisite: DANC 200. The development of dance 
from primitive times to the Middle Ages and the 
relationship of dance forms to patterns of culture. 

DANC 483 History of Dance II (3) 

Prerequisite: DANC 200. The development of dance 
from the Renaissance period to the present time and 
the relationship of dance forms to patterns of cul- 
ture. 

DANC 484 Philosophy of Dance (3) 

Prerequisite: DANC 200 or permission of depart- 
ment. Critical analysis of dance as a creative expe- 
rience and the role of professional, educational and 
recreational dance in our society. Selected ap- 
proaches to current developments in dance. 

DANC 489 Special Topics in Dance (1-3) 
Prerequisite: permission of department. Repeatable 
to 6 credits if content differs. Theoretical, choreo- 
graphic, pedagogic, or performance study. 

DANC 499 Practicum in Choreography, 
Production and Performance IV (1-6) 
Prerequisite: permission of permission of depart- 
ment. Repeatable to 6 credits. Advanced workshop 
in dance presentation, including performing, pro- 
duction and planned field experiences. 

DANC 600 Introduction to Graduate Studies in 
Dance (3) 

Prerequisite: permission of department. Supervised 
writing of reports and articles on selected dance 
subjects. Study of library resources and interviewing 



296 



Course Descriptions 



techniques. Preparation for written documentation 
of thesis project. 

DANC 608 Choreography for Groups (3) 

One hour of lecture and four hours of laboratory 
per week. Prerequisite: DANC 388 or equivalent. 
Repeatable to 6 credits. An advanced course in the 
development of choreographic ideas for groups em- 
phasizing the exploration of different approaches to 
choreographic form. 

DANC 610 Workshop in the Direction of Dance 
Production (3) 

Two hours of lecture and two hours of laboratory 
per week. Prerequisite: DANC 410 or equivalent. A 
lecture/laboratory course dealing with the relation- 
ship of the director to all of the activities involved 
in the presentation of a dance concert. 

DANC 648 Advanced Modern Dance Technique I 

(2) 
Four hours of laboratory per week. Prerequisite: 
DANC 449 or equivalent. Repeatable to 6 credits. 
Professional level training in contemporary dance 
techniques. 

DANC 649 Advanced Modern Dance Technique II 

(2) 
Four hours of laboratory per week. Prerequisite: 
DANC 648 or equivalent. Repeatable to 6 credits. A 
continuation of DANC 648. 

DANC 679 Graduate Dance Performance (1-3) 
One hour of lecture and four hours of laboratory 
per week. Prerequisite: permission of department. 
Repeatable to 6 credits. An advanced performance 
course focusing on the restagings from noted scores 
of the choreographic works of significant artists in 
the field. 

DANC 698 Independent Study in Dance (1-3) 
Prerequisite: permission of department. Repeatable 
to 6 credits. Directed independent study in theoret- 
ical topics. 

DANC 708 Advanced Seminar in Choreography (1- 

3) 
One hour of lecture and four hours of laboratory 
per week. Prerequisite: DANC 608 or permission of 
department. Repeatable to 6 credits. 

DANC 779 Master's l\itoriai for Performance (1-3) 
Prerequisite: permission of department. Repeatable 
to 6 credits. Supervised performance experience for 
advanced dancers. 

DANC 782 Historical Perspectives in Dance (3) 

Prerequisite: DANC 483 or equivalent. An advanced 
survey of the development of thearetical dance in 
the Western world with a special emphasis on the 



relationship between dance and other performing 
arts. 

DANC 783 Current Trends in Dance (3) 

Prerequisite: DANC 483 or equivalent. A survey of 
current trends in dance with an emphasis on devel- 
opments in the United States covering choreo- 
graphic and performance practice, theory and 
criticism, education, economics, and the mass me- 
dia. 

DANC 788 Master's lUtorial for Choreography (1- 

3) 
Prerequisite: permission of department. Repeatable 
to 6 credits. Supervised production and presentation 
of a significant choreographic project. 

DANC 799 Master's Thesis Project (1-6) 

Prerequisite: permission of department. 

DESN - Design 

DESN 420 Illustration II (3) 

Six hours of laboratory per week. Prerequisite: 
DESN 320. For advertising design majors only. Ad- 
vanced problems in the fields of editorial, advertis- 
ing, retail, and corporate illustration. Illustration in 
conjunction with type. Complex concepts of prob- 
lem-solving through imagery: verbal, visual, and 
written articulation of intent and message. 

DESN 430 Advertising Design Studio II (3) 

Six hours of laboratory per week. Prerequisite: 
DESN 320; and DESN 331. For advertising design 
majors only. Credit will be granted for only one of 
the following: DESN 430 or APDS 430. Formerly 
APDS 430. Professional problems in graphic design, 
with emphasis upon corporate and institutional 
identity programs, logos, and collateral materials 
development; special problems in visual rhetoric. 

DESN 437 Advanced Problems in Photographic 
Media (3) 

One hour of lecture and four hours of laboratory 
per week. Prerequisites: DESN 230; and DESN 237; 
and permission of department. Credit will be granted 
for only one of the following: DESN 437 or APDS 
437. Formerly APDS 437. Use of special tools and 
processes for imaging and illustration. Additional 
lab time to be arranged. 

DESN 442 Barrier-Free Interior Environments I 

(3) 
Prerequisite: DESN 343 or permission of depart- 
ment. For interior design majors only. Credit will be 
granted for only one of the following: HSAD 442 or 
DESN 442. Formerly HSAD 442. Design require- 
ments reflecting physical limitations and design of 
support systems for the disabled. 



DESN - Design 297 



DESN 443 Barrier-Free Interior Environments II 

(3) 
Six hours of laboratory per week. Prerequisite: 
DESN 442 or permission of departnienl. For interior 
design majors only. Credit will be granted for only 
one of the following: HSAD 443 or DESN 443. For- 
merly HSAD 443. Application of principles of bar- 
rier-free design to the solution of environmental 
problems. 

DESN 444 Professional Practices in Interior Design 

(3) 
Prerequisite: DESN 343. For interior design majors 
only. Credit will he granted for only one of the fol- 
lowing: DESN 444 or HSAD 345. Formerly HSAD 
345. Professional career opportunities, ethics, and 
practices. Contract negotiation and contract docu- 
ments. Professional organizations. Portfolio evalu- 
ation. 

DESN 445 Interior Design Studio II (5) 

10 hours of laboratory per week. Prerequisite: 
DESN 343. For interior design majors only. Credit 
will be granted for only one of the following: DESN 
445 or HSAD 344. Formerly HSAD 344. Contin- 
uation of DESN 343. Emphasis on the hierarchy of 
program requirements in the solution of interior en- 
vironment problems. 

DESN 446 B.A. Thesis in Interior Design (6) 

12 hours of laboratory per week. Prerequisite: 
DESN 445. For interior design majors only. Credit 
will be granted for only one of the following: HSAD 
441 or DESN 446. Formerly HSAD 441. Concepts 
and skills learned in prior courses are brought to 
bear on the programming and solution of an interior 
design problem requiring the integration of complex 
requirements. Student projects will be expected to 
meet the creative and technical requirements of the 
interior design profession. 

DESN 447 Designing Interior Environments for 
Special Populations (3) 

One hour of lecture and four hours of laboratory 
per week. Prerequisites: DESN 442 or permission of 
department. For interior design majors only. Review 
of special population literature and application of 
findings of person/environment research to the de- 
sign of space for special populations such as the 
elderly, the physically or mentally handicapped, 
non-traditional households, and others. 

DESN 450 B.A. Thesis in Communication Design 

(5) 
10 hours of laboratory per week. Prerequisite: 
DESN 430. For advertising design majors only. 
Credit will be granted for only one of the following: 
APDS 431 or DESN 450. Formerly APDS 431. Cap- 



stone project involving solutions of advanced prob- 
lems in the design of graphics. 

DESN 462 Seminar on Ideas in Design (3) 

Pre- or corequisites: DESN 362 or permission of 
department. Credit will he granted for only one of 
the following: DESN 362 or HSAD 462. Formerly 
HSAD 462. Further examination and discussion of 
concepts presented in DESN 362. 

DESN 471 Computer Imaging for Design and 
Illustration (3) 

One hour of lecture and four hours of laboratory 
per week. Prerequisite: {DESN 210; and DESN 211; 
and DESN 300} or permission of department. For 
advertising design majors only. Exploration of 
"paint", image processing, and visual presentation 
software programs. Proficiency, technical, aesthetic 
and conceptual issues related to electronic imaging. 

DESN 472 Computer Applications for Interior 
Design (3) 

Six hours of laboratory per week. Prerequisites: 
{DESN 342; and DESN 300} or permission of de- 
partment. For interior design majors only . Utilization 
of available software with emphasis on three-di- 
mensional static and dynamic modeling, integration 
of computer-aided and manual processes, and at- 
tribute extraction. 

DESN 473 Computer-Generated Decorative 
Patterns for Interior Designers (3) 

Prerequisite: Experience with AUTOCAD or per- 
mission of department. For interior design majors 
only. Experience in the generation of two-and three- 
dimensional patterns that can be applied to elements 
of interior design. Emphasis on the relationship be- 
tween the patterns and the space for which they are 
designed, as well as on integration of geometry and 
color. 

DESN 474 Gaming Simulation in Design I (3) 

Prerequisites: Two upper division courses in DESN, 
HSAD, ARCH. URBS, and/or GVPT, or permission 
of department. Credit will be granted for only one 
of the following: DESN 474 or HSAD 451. Formerly 
HSAD 451. Simulation games as a means to model 
social interactions in the fields of urban, architec- 
tural, interior, and graphic design; planning; hous- 
ing; and community development. Mathematical 
gaming theory as it relates to simulation games. 

DESN 475 Gaming Simulation in Design II (3) 

Prerequisite: DESN 362. Credit will be granted for 
only one of the following: DESN 475 or HSAD 452. 
Formerly HSAD 452. Design and testing of student- 
developed simulation games in the fields of urban, 
architectural, interior, and graphic design; planning; 
housing; and community development. 



298 



Course Descriptions 



DESN 488 Selected Topics in Design (1-6) 

Repeaiahle to 6 credits. 

DESN 499 Individual Study in Design (3-4) 
Guidance for the advanced student capable of in- 
dependent subject matter investigation or creative 
work. Problem chosen with consent of instructor. 

ECON - Economics 

ECON 402 Macroeconomic Models and 

Forecasting (3) 
Prerequisite: ECON 305 or ECON 405. Analysis of 
the fluctuations in economic activity and the for- 
mulation and use of forecasting models of the econ- 
omy. Illustrations of computer macro models and 
forecasting problems. 

ECON 405 Advanced Intermediate Macroeconomic 
Theorj (3) 

Prerequisite: ECON 201; and ECON 203; and 
MATH 220 or equivalent. Credit will be granted for 
only one of the following: ECON 305 or ECON 405. 
Advanced treatment of the theory of national in- 
come determination, employment, prices and 
growth. Models of the role of money and expecta- 
tions, the impact of fiscal and monetary policies, and 
exchange rates. 

ECON 406 Advanced Intermediate Microeconomic 
Theory (3) 

Prerequisite: ECON 201; and ECON 203; and 
MATH 220 or equivalent. Credit will be granted for 
only one of the following: ECON 306 or ECON 406. 
Advanced treatment of the theory of prices and mar- 
kets. Analysis of the theory of the household and 
of the firm, concepts of general equilibrium and wel- 
fare economics and principles of efficient and eq- 
uitable allocations. 

ECON 407 Advanced Macroeconomics (3) 

Prerequisite: ECON 305. An in-depth analysis of 
current issues in macroeconomic theory and policy. 
Topics covered include: 1. alternative perspectives 
on macroeconomics including monetarism, new 
classical equilibrium models, rational expectations, 
and real business cycle models; 2. long term growth, 
the slowdown in productivity growth, and concerns 
about U.S. competitiveness; 3. the effectiveness of 
macroeconomic policy in an open economy; 4. the 
effects of finance on the real sector. 

ECON 410 Comparative Institutional Economics 

(3) 
Prerequisite: ECON 306. Determinants of institu- 
tional arrangements and the economic consequences 
of those arrangements for economic growth using 
transaction costs economics, the new institutional 
economics, and elementary game theory. Historical 



emergence of market institutions and nonpredatory 
governments in Europe and Japan, and the policy 
successes and failures of less-developed countries 
today. 

ECON 416 Theory of Economic Development (3) 

Prerequisite: ECON 305 or ECON 405. Credit will 
be granted for only one of the following: ECON 315 
or ECON 416. Economic theory of the developing 
nations; role of innovation, capital formation, re- 
sources, institutions, trade and exchange rates, and 
governmental policies. 

ECON 418 Economic Development of Selected 

.\reas (3) 
Prerequisite: ECON 315 or ECON 416. Institutional 
characteristics of a specific area are discussed and 
alternate strategies and policies for development are 
analyzed. 

ECON 422 Quantitative Methods in Economics I 

(3) 
Prerequisite: ECON 201; and ECON 203; and 
{ECON 321 or BMGT 230:} or permission of de- 
partment. Emphasizes the interaction between eco- 
nomic problems and the assumptions employed in 
statistical theory. Formulation, estimation, and test- 
ing of economic models, including single variable 
and multiple variable regression techniques, theory 
of identification, and issues relating to inference. 
Independent work relating the material in the course 
to an economic problem chosen by the student is 
required. 

ECON 423 Quantitative Methods in Economics II 

(3) 
Prerequisite: ECON 422. Interaction between eco- 
nomic problems and specification and estimation of 
econometric models. Topics include issues of auto- 
correlation, heteroscedasticity, functional form, si- 
multaneous equation models, and qualitative choice 
models. 

ECON 424 Computer .Methods in Economics (3) 

Prerequisites: ECON 201; and ECON 203; and 
(ECON 321 or BMGT 230). Computer modelling 
of economic problems, including household and firm 
behavior, macroeconomic relationships, statistical 
models of economy, and simulation models. 

ECON 425 Mathematical Economics (3) 

Prerequisites: ECON 305 or ECON 405, and ECON 
306 or ECON 406. and MATH 220 or equivalent. 
Mathematical developments of theory of household 
and firm, general equilibrium and welfare econom- 
ics, market imperfections, and role of information. 

ECON 430 Money and Banking (3) 

Prerequisites: ECON 201 and ECON 203. Credit will 
be granted for only one of the following: ECON 430 



ECON - Economics 



299 



or ECON 431. The structure of financial institutions 
and their role in the provision of money and near 
money. Analysis of the Federal Reserve System, the 
techniques of central banks, and the control of sup- 
ply of financial assets in stabilization policy. Rela- 
tionship of money and credit to economic activity 
and the price level. 

ECON 431 Theory of Money, Prices and Economic 
Activity (3) 

Prerequisite: ECON 305 or ECON 405. Credit will 
be granted for only one of the following: ECON 430 
or ECON 431. Monetary theory and the role of 
money, financial institutions and interest rates in 
macro models. Analysis of money demand and sup- 
ply and of the Monetarist-Keynesian debate as they 
affect inflation and stabilization policy. 

ECON 440 International Economics (3) 

Prerequisites: ECON 20 J and ECON 203. Credit will 
be granted for only one of the following: ECON 440 
or ECON 441. A description of international trade 
and the analysis of international transactions, ex- 
change rates, and balance of payments. Analysis of 
policies of protection, devaluation, and exchange 
rate stabilization and their consequences. 

ECON 441 Theory of International Economics (3) 

Prerequisite: ECON 305 or ECON 405; and ECON 
306 or ECON 406. Credit will be granted for only 
one of the following: ECON 440 or ECON 441. 
Theoretical treatment of international trade and in- 
ternational finance. Includes Ricardian and 
Heckscher-Ohlin theories of comparative advan- 
tage, analysis of tariffs and other trade barriers, in- 
ternational factor mobility, balance of payments 
adjustments, exchange rate determination, and fis- 
cal and monetary policy in an open economy. 

ECON 450 Introduction to Public Sector 
Economics (3) 

Prerequisite: {ECON 201; and ECON 203] or ECON 
205. Credit will be granted for only one of the fol- 
lowing: ECON 450 or ECON 454. The role of fed- 
eral, state, and local governments in meeting public 
wants. Analysis of theories of taxation, public ex- 
penditures, government budgeting, benefit-cost 
analysis and income redistribution, and their policy 
applications. 

ECON 451 Public Choice and Public Policy (3) 

Prerequisite: {ECON 201; and ECON 203), or 
ECON 205. Analysis of collective decision making, 
economic models of government, program budget- 
ing, and policy implementation; emphasis on models 
of public choice and institutions which affect deci- 
sion making. 



ECON 454 Theory of Public Finance and Fiscal 
Federalism (3) 

Prerequisite: ECON 306 or ECON 406. Credit will 
be granted for only one of the following: ECON 450 
or ECON 454. Study of welfare economics and the 
theory of public goods, taxation, public expendi- 
tures, benefit-cost analysis, and state and local fi- 
nance. Applications of theory to current policy 
issues. 

ECON 456 Law and Economics (3) 

Prerequisite: ECON 306. Relationship of the ex- 
change process to the system of institutions and rules 
that society develops to carry out economic trans- 
actions. Topics covered include: Property rights; 
torts, negligence, and liability; contracts and ex- 
changes; criminal control and enforcement; equity 
issues in the rule and market environment. 

ECON 460 Industrial Organization (3) 

Prerequisite: ECON 306 or ECON 406. Changing 
structure of the American economy; price policies 
in different industrial classifications of monopoly 
and competition in relation to problems of public 
policy. 

ECON 465 Health Care Economics (3) 

Prerequisite: ECON 203 or ECON 205. Analysis of 
health care, the organization of its delivery and fi- 
nancing. Access to care; the role of insurance; reg- 
ulation of hospitals, physicians, and the drug 
industry; role of technology; and limits on health 
care spending. 

ECON 470 Theory of Labor Economics (3) 

Prerequisite: ECON 306 or ECON 406. Credit will 
be granted for only one of the following: ECON 370 
or ECON 470. An analytical treatment of theories 
of labor markets. The theory of human capital and 
allocation of time in household labor supply models; 
marginal productivity theory of labor demand; mar- 
ket structure and the efficiency of labor markets; 
information theory and screening; discrimination; 
distribution of income; and unemployment. 

ECON 471 Current Problems in Labor Economics 

(3) 
Prerequisite: ECON 470. For students who wish to 
pursue, in depth, selected topics in the labor field. 
Issues and topics selected for detailed examination 
may include; manpower training and development, 
unemployment compensation and social security, 
race and sex discrimination in employment, wage 
theory, productivity analysis, the problems of col- 
lective bargaining in public employment, wage-price 
controls and incomes policy. 



300 



Course Descriptions 



ECON 476 American Living Standards and 
Poverty (3) 

Prerequisite: ECON 305 and ECON 321 or permis- 
sion of deparimeni. Also offered as PUAF730. Post- 
World War II trends in U.S. living standards and 
income inequality. Areas studied include: industrial 
base, productivity, growth demographics, interna- 
tional competitiveness and the structure (and hold- 
ers) of debt as they affect the level of U. S. income 
and income inequality. 

ECON 482 Economics of the Soviet Union (3) 

Prerequisite: {ECON 201 and ECON 203} or ECON 
205. An analysis of the organization, operating prin- 
ciples and performance of the Soviet economy with 
attention to the historical and ideological back- 
ground, planning, resources, industry, agriculture, 
domestic and foreign trade, finance, labor, and the 
structure and growth of national income. 

ECON 484 The Economy of China (3) 

Prerequisite: {ECON 201; and ECON 203} or ECON 
205. Policies and performances of the Chinese econ- 
omy since 1949. A survey of modern China's eco- 
nomic history. Emphasizes the strategies and 
institutional innovations that the Chinese have 
adopted to overcome the problems of economic de- 
velopment. Some economic controversies raised 
during the "Cultural Revolution" will be covered in 
review of the problems and prospects of the present 
Chinese economy. 

ECON 486 The Economics of National Planning (3) 

Prerequisite: {ECON 201; and ECON 203}; or 
ECON 205. An analysis of the principles and prac- 
tice of economic planning with special reference to 
the planning problems of West European countries 
and the United States. 

ECON 490 Survey of Urban Economic Problems 
and Pblicies (3) 

Prerequisites: {ECON 201 and ECON 203} or 
ECON 205. An introduction to the study of urban 
economics through the examination of current pol- 
icy issues. Topics may include suburbanization of 
jobs and residences, housing and urban renewal, 
urban transportation, development of new towns, 
ghetto economic development, problems in services 
such as education and police. 

ECON 600 Analytical Techniques for Economists 

(3) 
Prerequisite: permission of department. Vectors, 
matrices and determinants to model static equilib- 
rium. Comparative statics using differential calcu- 
lus. Problems in microeconomics and 
macroeconomics involving unconstrained optimi- 
zation. Problems in microeconomics and macroeco- 



nomics involving constrained optimization. 
Economic dynamics using differential and differ- 
ence equations, and Kuhn-Tucker Theory. 

ECON 601 Macroeconomic Analysis I (3) 

Three hours of lecture and two hours of laboratory 
per week. Prerequisite: ECON 600 or permission of 
department. Introductory technical treatment of 
standard Keynesian, classical and new classical mac- 
roeconomic models. Expectations formation and 
microeconomic foundations of consumption, in- 
vestment, money demand, and labor market be- 
havior. 

ECON 602 Macroeconomic Analysis II (3) 

Three hours of lecture and two hours of laboratory 
per week. Prerequisite: ECON 601 or permission of 
department. Rational expectations: the Lucas cri- 
tique, misperceptions, business cycles, and persist- 
ence; real business cycles; policy ineffectiveness and 
effectiveness; optimal policy rules and time incon- 
sistency: efficient markets hypothesis. Unemploy- 
ment theory: unemployment and wage behavior in 
fix-price models, implicit contracts, and efficiency 
wage models; hysteresis. Theory of production; ag- 
gregation and index number theory; capital theory; 
theory of economic growth and asociated measure- 
ment issues. 

ECON 603 Microeconomic Analysis I (3) 

Three hours of lecture and two hours of laboratory 
per week. Prerequisite: ECON 600 or permission of 
department. A detailed treatment of the theory of 
the consumer and of the firm, particularly empha- 
sizing the duality approach. Topics include uncer- 
tainty, the household production model, imperfect 
competition, monopolilstic and oligopolistic mar- 
kets. 

ECON 604 Microeconomic Analysis II (3) 

Three hours of lecture and two hours of laboratory 
per week. Prerequisite: ECON 603 or permission of 
department. Analysis of markets and market equi- 
libria; the Arrow-Debreu model of general equilib- 
rium, the two-sector model, welfare theorems, 
externalities, public goods, markets with incomplete 
and asymmetric information, game theory. 

ECON 606 History of Economic Thought (3) 

Prerequisite: ECON 403 or permission of depart- 
ment. The classical economists, Adam Smith, David 
Ricardo, and John Stuart Mill are studied in detail 
after a survey of their predecessors: Aristotle, Aqui- 
nas, the Mercantilists, Founders, and Physiocrats. 
Attention is given to methodological issues, includ- 
ing the meaning and validity of economic theories. 



ECON - Economics 



301 



ECON 607 Economic Theory in the Nineteenth 
Century (3) 

Prcrcquisiie: ECON bOb or permission of depart- 
ment. Economics of Karl Marx; neo-classical eco- 
nomics of Jevons, Menger, Walras, Pareto, 
Marshall, and J.B. Clark; Veblen, J.M. Keynes and 
Neo-Kcynesian economics. Particular attention is 
given to Marxs capital and Keynes's general theory. 
Criteria for the validity of economic theories. 

ECON 611 Seminar in American Economic 

Development (3) 
Prerequisite: permission of department. Selected 
topics in the long-term movements of the American 
economy. Quantitative studies of the growth of out- 
put; applications of econometric methods and eco- 
nomic theory to topics in American economic 
history. 

ECON 613 Origins and Development of Capitalism 

(3) 
Prerequisite: permission of department. Advanced 
special students not permitted. Institutions and tech- 
nology shaping pre-capitalist economies: Archaic, 
Greek and Roman, Feudal, and Mercantile. Rise of 
the market system, national economies, and capi- 
talism. The nature of industrial society. Imperialism. 

ECON 615 Economic Development of Less- 
Developed Areas (3) 

Prerequisite: ECON 603 or permission of depart- 
ment. Analysis of the forces contributing to and re- 
tarding economic progress in less-developed areas. 
Topics include the relationship of international trade 
to development, import-substituting and export-led 
industrialization, the effects of population growth 
on economic development, and the analysis of in- 
stitutions and institutional change in land tenure, 
finance, and labor markets. 

ECON 616 Seminar in Economic Development (3) 

Prerequisite: ECON 615 or ECON 415. Current top- 
ics in economic development. Special emphasis on 
application of theory and research techniques to spe- 
cial problems or countries. 

ECON 621 Quantitative Methods I (3) 

Prerequisite: ECON 600 or permission of depart- 
ment. Introduction to the theory and practice of 
statistical inference with emphasis on linear regres- 
sion. Topics include: Ordinary least squares; meas- 
ures of fit; Gauss-Markov Theorem; test of linear 
hypotheses; multi-coUinearity; empirical applica- 
tions which stress both computer usage and eco- 
nomic modelling. 

ECON 622 Quantitative Methods II (3) 

Prerequisite: ECON 621 or permission of depart- 
ment. Generalized linear regression model and lin- 



ear simultaneous equation models. Topics include: 
Generalized least squares, heteroscedasticity, au- 
tocorrelation, seemingly unrelated regressions, 
pooling of cross section time series data; instru- 
mental variable estimation; distributed lag models; 
autoregressive models; linear simultaneous equa- 
tion models, identification and estimation; aspects 
of asymptotic distribution theory; empirical appli- 
cations which stress both computer usage and eco- 
nomic modelling. 

ECON 623 Econometrics I (3) 

Formal treatment of the theory of probability and 
statistics relevant for econometrics. Topics include: 
Probability; random variables; distribution and den- 
sity functions; moment generating functions; distri- 
bution of functions of random variables; point and 
interval estimation; hypothesis testing; basic ele- 
ments of computer usage. 

ECON 624 Econometrics II (3) 

Prerequisite: ECON 623 or permission of depart- 
ment. Formal treatment of linear regression. Topics 
include: Ordinary least squares, algebraic and geo- 
metric properties, small and large sample proper- 
ties; measures of fit; Gauss-Markov Theorem; test 
of linear hypotheses; multicollinearity ; empirical ap- 
plications which stress both computer usage and eco- 
nomic modelHng. 

ECON 625 Quantitative Methods in Practice (3) 

Prerequisite: ECON 621 or equivalent. Practical ex- 
perience in applying quantitative methods to eco- 
nomic data using computers. Proficiency in 
techniques, creativity in model formulation, and 
judgment in model evaluation are stressed. 

ECON 661 The Corporate Firm (3) 

Prerequisites: ECON 603, and ECON 662 or ECON 
624. The modern firm; review of the theory of profit; 
neoclassical and managerial theories of the firm. De- 
cisions of the firm: investment, research and devel- 
opment, advertising, mergers; analysis of 
determinants and effects of these decisions. Theo- 
retical and empirical studies of the firm. 

ECON 662 Industry Structure, Conduct, and 
Performance (3) 

Prerequisites: ECON 603, and ECON 622 or ECON 
624. Determinants of industry structures; structural 
effects on firm conduct and performance. Plant and 
firm economies of scale and their relation to con- 
centration levels. Industry entry barriers; competi- 
tive, oligopolistic, and monopolistic pricing. Impact 
of concentration, entry barriers, and other structure 
variables on prices and profits of the industry. Social 
cost of market power. 



302 



Course Descriptions 



ECON 663 Antitrust Policy and Regulation (3) 

Prerequisites: ECON 603; and ECON 622 or ECON 
624. U.S. antitrust policy after 1890; actual policies 
compared to theoretical policies to promote eco- 
nomic efficiency. Development of policy toward 
monopolies, cartels, mergers, and patents. Models 
of the regulatory process and empirical evidence. 
Studies of regulation of electricity, transportation, 
airlines, and other industries. Economics of product 
safety. Regulation of drugs, automobiles, food, and 
other products. 

ECON 681 Comparative Economic Systems and 
Economic Planning (3) 

Theory and practice of economic systems that differ 
markedly from competitive capitalist system; com- 
mand economies, in particular the Soviet Union; 
planned capitalist economies, including French and 
Dutch experience; self-managed systems (Yugo- 
slavia); and market socialism (Hungary). Emphasis 
on the nature of institutions and on applying eco- 
nomic tools. 

ECON 682 Topics in Comparative Economic 

Systems (3) 

Prerequisite: ECON 681. Detailed analysis of 
planned economic systems; theoretical study of neo- 
classical, input-output, and development planning 
models; use of economic analysis to understand the 
behavior and development of the economies of 
Western Europe, the USSR. Eastern Europe, and 
China. 

ECON 684 Seminar in Economic Development of 
the Soviet Union (3) 

Measurement and evaluation of Soviet economic 
growth; interpretation and use of Soviet statistics; 
planning and economic administration; manpower 
and wage policies; foreign trade and aid. Selected 
topics in Bloc development and reform. 

ECON 698 Selected Topics in Economics (3) 

ECON 700 Applied Economic Theory (3) 

Applied economic theory designed primarily for 
master's degree students. Topics from microecon- 
omic and macroeconomic theory, including applied 
welfare economics, consumer surplus, public goods 
and externalities, investment theory, economic 
growth, and a review of IS-LM analysis. 

ECON 701 Advanced Macroeconomics I (3) 

Prerequisite: ECON 601; and ECON 602. Recent 
developments in macroeconomics with an emphasis 
on topics and techniques useful for conducting re- 
search in macroeconomics. Topics include advanced 
treatment of fiscal and monetary policy issues; the 
role of imperfect competition; real, sectoral and 
nominal business cvcle models. 



ECON 702 Advanced Macroeconomics II (3) 

Prerequisites: ECON 601 and ECON 602. Disequi- 
librium macroeconomic models; models of persist- 
ence and hysteresis; models of nominal and real 
rigidities; macroeconomic time series estimation 
techniques including cointegration and method-of- 
moments estimation procedures. 

ECON 703 Advanced Microeconomics I (3) 

Prerequisites: ECON 603 and ECON 604. Norma- 
tive and descriptive theory of social choice: includ- 
ing alternative axiomatizations, possibility 
theorems, and impossibihty theorems. The impli- 
cations of uncertainty for microeconomic behavior 
using axioms of choice and the expected utility theo- 
rem. Noncooperative games, including extensive 
and normal forms, Nash equilibrium, and applica- 
tions to voting models and imperfect competition. 

ECON 704 Advanced Microeconomics II (3) 

Prerequisites: ECON 603 and ECON 604. General 
equilibrium theory and its relation to the core, the 
convergence theorem, and temporary equihbrium 
in a sequence of markets. The role of information 
in various economic organizations: including coor- 
dination and incentives under incomplete informa- 
tion, the principal-agent problem, search, and 
signaling. Principles of efficient and optimal allo- 
cation over time, and apphcations to capital accu- 
mulation and taxation. 

ECON 705 Contemporary Institutional Economics 

(3) 
Introduction to institutional economics. Methodo- 
logical contrasts with orthodox theory and Marxism. 
The institutional value theory. Theories of con- 
sumption, production, technological change, trade. 
Treatment of modern institutionalists: Galbraith. 
Ayres, Polanyi, Myrdal, Gruchy. 

ECON 706 Seminar in Institutional Economics (3) 

Origins of institutional thought: Veblen, Commons, 
Mitchell. Clark. Institutionalism and social choice 
theory; institutionalism and the "new" institutional 
economics. Recent contributions to and current ap- 
plications of institutional economics. 

ECON 721 Econometrics III (3) 

Prerequisite; ECON 624 or permission of instructor. 
Topics include: Generalized least squares, heteros- 
cedasticity, autocorrelation, seemingly unrelated 
regressions, pooling of cross section and time series 
data; distributed lag models; introduction to time 
series models, linear simultaneous equation models, 
identification, two and three stage least squares, full 
information maximum likelihood, asymptotic dis- 
tribution theory; empirical applications. 



ECON - Economics 



303 



ECON 722 Econometrics IV (3) 

Prerequisite: ECON 721 or permission of instructor. 
Topics include: Nonlinear econometric models; ran- 
dom parameter models; optimal control; Bayesian 
analysis; qualitative and limited dependent variable 
models; specification analysis; causality; cointcgra- 
tion; robust estimation; empirical applications which 
stress both computer usage and economic modell- 
ing. 

ECON 731 Monetary Economics (3) 

Prerequisite: ECON 601 or permission of depart- 
ment. Implementation of monetary policy: targets 
and instruments. Tobin's asset accumulation 
models. Transactions demand for money: Glower 
constraints, cash-in-advance models, legal restric- 
tions. Asset demand for money, portfolio diversi- 
fication, and overlapping generations models. 
Elements of finance: Capital Asset Pricing Models, 
arbitrage pricing theory, pricing of state-contingent 
claims. The term structure of interest rates. 

ECON 732 Seminar in Monetary Theory and 
Policy (3) 

Prerequisite: ECON 731 or permission of depart- 
ment. Optimal monetary policy; time consistency 
problems; positive theory of inflation; business 
cycles; asset prices; financial intermediation; cash in 
advance and OG models. 

ECON 741 Advanced International Economics I (3) 

Prerequisite: ECON 601 or permission of depart- 
ment. Exchange rate determination; exchange rate 
regimes; international monetary reform; policy con- 
flict and cooperation; the LDG debt problem; pric- 
ing of international assets; balance of payments 
crises. 

ECON 742 Advanced International Economics II 

(3) 
Prerequisite: ECON 603 or permission of depart- 
ment. Comparative advantage, Heckscher-Ohlin 
theory, specific-factors model, empirical verifica- 
tion, economies of scale, imperfect competition, 
commercial policy, factor mobility. 

ECON 751 Advanced Theory of Public Finance (3) 

Prerequisite: ECON 603 or permission of depart- 
ment. Review of utility analysis to include the theory 
of individual consumer resource allocation and ex- 
change and welfare implications. Effects of alter- 
native tax and subsidy techniques upon allocation, 
exchange, and welfare outcomes. Theories of public 
goods, their production, exchange and consump- 
tion. Principles of benefit-cost analysis for govern- 
ment decisions. 



ECON 752 Seminar in Public Finance (3) 

Prerequisite: ECON 751. Ihcory of taxation, with 
particular emphasis on income taxation; empirical 
studies; the burden of the public debt. 

ECON 755 Theory of Public Choice I (3) 

Prerequisite: ECON 604 or permission of depart- 
ment. Market failure and the need for collective 
choice: public goods, externalities, decreasing costs, 
and the case for universalistic social insurance; in- 
come distribution and the role of government; the 
need for and potential of a unified approach to social 
science; the theory of regulation; collective choice 
in developing countries; single-peaked preference 
and median voter theorems; conditions for equilib- 
ria in multidimensional voting models; cycling and 
logrolling; majority rule and unanimity rule. 

ECON 756 Theory of Public Choice II (3) 

Prerequisite: ECON 755 or permission of depart- 
ment. Two-party competition - deterministic voting; 
two-party competition - probabilistic voting; voter 
abstentions; Bergson-Samuelson social welfare 
functions; Arrow's impossibility theorem; single- 
profile impossibility theorems; relaxing the postu- 
lates of Arrow's theorem; the impossibility of a 
Paretian liberal; preference revelation procedures; 
Rawls and Just social choice; the utilitarian alter- 
native; positive vs. normative public choice: allo- 
cation and redistribution. 
ECON 771 Advanced Labor Economics: Theory 

and Evidence (3) 
Prerequisite: ECON 603, and (ECON 621, or 
ECON 624) or permission of department. Modern 
analytical and quantitative labor economics. Labor 
supply decisions of individuals and households; hu- 
man capital model and distribution of income. De- 
mand for labor; marginal productivity theory, 
imperfect information and screening. Interaction of 
labor demand and supply; unemployment; relative 
and absolute wages; macroeconomic aspects of the 
labor market. 
ECON 772 Government Policy and the Labor 

Market (3) 
Prerequisite: ECON 771 or permission of depart- 
ment. Impact of governmental programs on the la- 
bor market. Programs examined chosen from 
among: employment training and public employ- 
ment programs; public assistance; unemployment 
insurance, social security, wage-setting policies such 
as fair labor standards act and Davis-Bacon act; pol- 
icies toward unionization; anti-discrimination pro- 
grams. 

ECON 781 Environmental Economics (3) 

Prerequisites: ECON 603 and (ECON 621 or ECON 
624) or permission of department. Theory of exter- 



304 Course Descriptions 



nalities, the design and implementation of policy 
measures for environmental protection, environ- 
mental federalism, measurement of the benefits and 
costs of improved environmental quality, distribu- 
tion of environmental costs and benefits. 

ECON 785 Advanced Economics of Natural 
Resources (3) 

Prerequisites: ECON 603 and ECON 621 or ECON 
624 or permission of department. The rate of use of 
renewable and non-renewable resources from the 
normative and positive points of view; evaluation of 
alternative uses of natural environments; irreversi- 
bilities, discounting and intergenerational transfers. 
Discussion of natural resource problems and poli- 
cies. 

ECON 790 Advanced Urban Economics (3) 

Market processes and public policies as related to 
urban problems and metropolitan change. Employ- 
ment, housing, discrimination, transportation and 
the local public sector. 

ECON 799 Master's Thesis Research (1-6) 

ECON 808 Workshop on Macroeconomics and 
Growth (3) 

Prerequisite: permission of department. Repeatable 
to 6 credits if content differs. 

ECON 828 Workshop in Econometrics (3) 

Prerequisite: permission of department. Repeatable 
to 6 credits if content differs. 

ECON 848 Workshop in International 

Development, and Comparative Economics (3) 

Prerequisite: permission of department. Repeatable 
to 6 credits if content differs. 

ECON 858 Workshop in Public Economics (3) 

Prerequisite: permission of department. Repeatable 
to 6 credits if content differs. 

ECON 868 Workshop in Industrial Organization 

(3) 
Prerequisite: permission of department. Repeatable 
to 6 credits if content differs. 

ECON 878 Workshop in Labor Economics (3) 

Prerequisite: permission of department. Repeatable 
to 6 credits if content differs. 

ECON 899 Doctoral Dissertation Research (1-8) 

EDCI - Curriculum and 
Instruction 

EDCI 401 Student Teaching in Elementary School: 

Art (4-8) 
Prerequisite: EDCI 300. Limited to art education 
majors who have previously applied. Fulfills ele- 



mentary teaching requirements in K-12 art educa- 
tion program. 

EDCI 402 Student Teaching in Secondary Schools: 

Art (2-8) 
Prerequisite: EDCI 300. 

EDCI 403 Teaching of Art Criticism in Public 
Schools (3) 

Introduction to theories of art criticism. Trips to 
galleries and museums. Open to fine arts majors and 
students from other disciplines. 

EDCI 406 Practicum in Art Education: Two- 
Dimensional (3) 

Prerequisite: permission of department. Theory and 
practical experience in two-dimensional design in 
various art media; development of teaching proce- 
dures and presentation of materials in school set- 
tings. 

EDCI 407 Practicum in Art Education: Three- 
Dimensional (3) 

For pre-art education and art education majors only. 
A lecture-studio course to develop skills, material 
resources, and educational strategies for three-di- 
mensional projects in school settings. 

EDCI 410 The Child and the Curriculum: Early 
Childhood (3) 

Relationship of the nursery school curriculum to 
child growth and development. Recent trends in cur- 
riculum organization; the effect of environment on 
learning; readiness to learn; and adapting curricu- 
lum content and methods to maturity levels of chil- 
dren. Primarily for in-service teachers, nursery 
school through grade 3. 

EDCI 411 Student Teaching: Preschool (4) 

For EDCI majors only. 

EDCI 412 Student Teaching: Kindergarten (4) 

For EDCI majors only. 

EDCI 413 Student Teaching: Primary Grades (8) 

For EDCI majors only. 

EDCI 416 Mainstreaming in Early Childhood 
Educational Settings (3) 

Theoretical bases and applied practices for inte- 
grating handicapped children into regular early 
childhood programs. 

EDCI 420 Student Teaching Seminar in Secondary 
Education: Social Studies (3) 

Corequisite: EDCI 421 or EDCI 422. An analysis 
of teaching theory, strategies, and techniques in the 
student teaching experience. 

EDCI 421 Student Teaching in Secondary Schools: 

Social Studies/History (12) 
Prerequisite: EDCI 320. Corequisite: EDCI 420. 



EDCI - Curriculum and Instruction 



305 



EDCI 422 Studint Iiachinn in Secondary Schools: 

Social Studies Geugraph) (12) 
Prerequisite: EDCI 321. Corequisite: EDCI 420. 

EDCI 423 Social Studies in Early Childhood 

Education (3) 
Curriculum, organization and methods of teaching, 
evaluation of materials and utilization of environ- 
mental resources. Emphasis on multicultural edu- 
cation Primarily for in-service teachers, nursery 
school through grade 3. 

EDCI 424 Social Studies in the Elementary School 

(3) 
Curriculum, organization and methods of teaching. 
evaluation of materials and utilization of environ- 
mental resources. Emphasis on multicultural edu- 
cation. Primarily for in-service teachers, grades 1- 
6. 

EDCI 425 Social Studies and Multicultural 

Education (3) 
Seminar in general social science principles appli- 
cable to multicultural education. Cultural experi- 
ences arranged for each participant. 

EDCI 426 Methods of Teaching Social Studies in 

Secondary Schools (3) 
Prerequisites: EDHD 300; and EDCI 390. Objec- 
tives, selection and organization of subject matter, 
appropriate methods, lesson plans, textbooks and 
other instructional materials, measurement and top- 
ics pertinent to social studies education. Includes 
emphasis on multicultural education. For in-service 
teachers. 

EDCI 430 Student Teaching Seminar in Secondary 
Education: Foreign Language (3) 

Prerequisite: EDCI 330. Corequisite: EDCI 431. An 
analysis of teaching theory, strategies and tech- 
niques in the student teaching experience. 

EDCI 431 Student Teaching in Secondary Schools: 

Foreign Language (12 1 
Prerequisite: EDCI 330. Corequisite: EDCI 430. 

EDCI 432 Foreign Language Methods in the 

Elementary School (3) 
Prerequisite: permission of department. Methods 
and techniques for developmental approach to the 
teaching of modem foreign languages in elementary 
schools. Development of oral-aural skills in lan- 
guage development. 

EDCI 433 Introduction to Foreign Language 
Methods (3) 

Prerequisites: EDHD 300: and EDCI 390: or per- 
mission of department Objectives, selection and or- 
ganization of subject matter, appropriate methods. 



lesson plans, textbooks and other mstructional ma- 
terials, measurement and topics pertinent to foreign 
language education. For in-service teachers. 

EDCI 434 Methods of leaching English to 

Speakers of Other Languages (3) 
Methods for teaching listening, speaking, reading 
and writing techniques and a review of research find- 
ings. 

EDCI 435 Teaching Reading in a Second Language 

(3) 
Prerequisite: permission of department. Analysis of 
selected theories and practices in first language read- 
ing applied to second language teaching/learning; 
diagnostic and prescriptive techniques and analysis 
of the student's cultural background as a factor in 
evaluating reading achievement in the second lan- 
guage. 

EDCI 436 Teaching for Multicultural 
Understanding (3) 

Prerequisite: permission of department. The tech- 
niques and content for teaching culture in foreign 
language classes and EngUsh as a Second Language 
(ESL) classes. Research and evaluation of selected 
aspects of a culture as basis for creating teaching 
materials. 

EDCI 437 Bilingual-Bicultural Education (3) 

Prerequisite: permission of department. Analysis of 
bilingual-bicultural education in the U.S. and 
abroad with emphasis on TESOL. Methods of 
teaching, goals, instructional materials and main- 
streaming of bilingual students. 

EDCI 438 Field Experience in TESOL (3) 

Prerequisites: EDCI 434 or equivalent: and permis- 
sion of department. Systematic observations, tutor- 
ing and teaching in a TESOL field setting. 

EDCI 440 Student Teaching Seminar in Secondary 

Education: English. Speech. Theatre (1) 
Prerequisite: EDCI 340. Corequisite: EDCI 441. An 
analysis of teaching theory, strategies and tech- 
niques in relation to the student teaching experi- 
ence. 

EDCI 441 Student Teaching in Secondary Schools: 

English (6-12) 
Prerequisite: EDCI 340 or EDCI 442 or EDCI 448. 
Corequisite: EDCI 440. 

EDCI 442 Student Teaching in Secondary Schools: 
Speech (6-12) 

Prerequisite: EDCI 340. Corequisite: EDCI 440. 

EDCI 443 Literature for Children and Youth (3) 

For elementary education and pre-elementary ed- 
ucation majors only. Analysis of literary materials 



306 Course Descriptions 



for children and youth. Timeless and ageless books, 
and outstanding examples of contemporary publish- 
ing. Evaluation of the contributions of individual 
authors, illustrators and children's book awards. 

EDCI 444 Language Arts in Early Childhood 
Education (3) 

Teaching of spelUng, handwriting, oral and written 
expression and creative expression. Primarily for in- 
service teachers, nursery school through grade 3. 

EDCI 445 Language Arts in the Elementary School 

(3) 
Teaching of spelling, handwriting, oral and written 
expression and creative expression. Primarily for in- 
service teachers, grades 1-6. 

EDCI 446 Methods of Teaching English, Speech, 
Theatre in Secondary Schools (3) 

Prerequisites: EDHD 300; and EDCI 390; or per- 
mission of department. Objectives, selection and or- 
ganization of subject matter, appropriate methods, 
lesson plans, textbooks and other instructional ma- 
terials, measurement and topics pertinent to Eng- 
lish, speech, and drama education. For in-service 
teachers. 

EDCI 447 Field Experience in English, Speech, 
Theatre Teaching (1) 

Corequisite: EDCI 340. Practical experience as an 
aide to a regular English, Speech or Drama teacher; 
assigned responsibilities and participation in a va- 
riety of teaching/learning activities. 

EDCI 448 Student Teaching in Secondary Schools: 
Theatre (6-12) 

Prerequisite: EDCI 340. Persons student teaching in 
theatre only should register for 12 credits. Persons 
in the Theatre and English Education Program 
should register for 6 credits of EDCI 441 and 6 
' credits of EDCI 448. 

EDCI 450 Student Teaching Seminar in Secondary 
Education: Mathematics (3) 

Corequisite: EDCI 451. An analysis of teaching the- 
ory, strategies and techniques in the student teach- 
ing experience. 

EDCI 451 Student Teaching in Secondary Schools: 

Mathematics (12) 
Prerequisite: EDCI 350. 

EDCI 452 Mathematics in Early Childhood 
Education (3) 

Prerequisite: MATH 210 or equivalent. Emphasis on 
materials and procedures which help pupils sense 
arithmetic meanings and relationships. Primarily for 
in-service teachers, nursery school through grade 3. 



EDCI 453 Mathematics in the Elementary School 

(3) 
Prerequisite: MATH 210 or equivalent. Emphasis on 
materials and procedures which help pupils sense 
arithmetic meanings and relationships. Primarily for 
in-service teachers, grades 1-6. 

EDCI 455 Methods of Teaching Mathematics in 
Secondary Schools (3) 

Prerequisites: EDHD 300; and EDCI 390; and 2 
semesters of calculus. Objectives, selection and or- 
ganization of subject matter, appropriate methods, 
lesson plans, textbooks and other instructional ma- 
terials, measurement, and topics pertinent to math- 
ematics education. 

EDCI 456 Teaching Mathematics to the 
Educationally Handicapped (3) 

Prerequisites: {EDSP 331; and EDSP 332; and 
EDSP 333; and EDSP 443; and MATH 210} or per- 
mission of department. Development of skills in di- 
agnosing and identifying learning disabilities in 
mathematics and planning for individualized instruc- 
tion. Clinic participation required. 

EDCI 457 Teaching Secondary Students with 
Difficulties in Learning Mathematics (3) 

Corequisite: EDCI 390 or permission of department. 
Diagnosis, prescription and implementation of in- 
struction for less able secondary school mathematics 
students. Participation in a clinical experience. 

EDCI 461 Reading in Early Childhood Education 

(3) 
Fundam.entals of developmental reading instruc- 
tion, including reading readiness, use of experience 
stories, procedures in using basal readers, the im- 
provement of comprehension, word analysis, and 
procedures for determining individual needs. Pri- 
marily for in-service teachers, nursery school 
through grade 3. 

EDCI 462 Reading in the Elementary School (3) 

Fundamentals of developmental reading instruc- 
tion, including reading readiness, use of experience 
stories, procedures in using basal readers, the im- 
provement of comprehension, word analysis, and 
procedures for determining individual needs. Pri- 
marily for in-service teachers, grades 1-8. 

EDCI 463 The Teaching of Reading in the 
Secondary School (3) 

The fundamentals of secondary reading instruction, 
including emphasis on content reading instruction. 

EDCI 464 Clinical Practices in Reading Diagnosis 
and Instruction (3) 

Prerequisite: EDCI 362 or EDCI 463. A laboratory 
course in which each student has one or more pupils 



EDCI - Curriculum and Instruction 



307 



for analysis and instruction. At least one class meet- 
ing per week to diagnose individual cases and to 
plan instruction. 

EDCI 465 Language, Culture, and Education (3) 

Prerequisite: LING 200 or permission of department. 
Survey of sociolinguistic and psycholinguistic per- 
spectives for the study of language and education; 
examines pragmatics, speech act theory, and di- 
mensions of language variation (dialects, codes, and 
registers); implications for educational research and 
instructional practice. 

EDCI 466 Literature for Adolescents (3) 

Reading and analysis of fiction and nonfiction ; meth- 
ods for critically assessing quality and appeal; cur- 
rent theory and methods of instruction; research on 
response to literature; curriculum design and selec- 
tion of books. 

EDCI 467 Teaching Writing (3) 

Sources and procedures for developing curriculum 
objectives and materials for teaching written com- 
position; prewriting, composing, and revision pro- 
cedures; contemporary directions in rhetorical 
theory; survey of research on composition instruc- 
tion. 

EDCI 471 Student Teaching in Secondary Schools: 

Science (12) 
Prerequisite: EDCI 370. For EDCI majors only. 

EDCI 472 Methods of Teaching Science in 
Secondary Schools (3) 

Prerequisites: EDHD 300; and EDCI 390; and per- 
mission of department. Methods for classroom and 
laboratory instruction, determining appropriate 
teaching methods, selecting instructional materials, 
evaluating student achievement. Includes lab and 
field experience. For in-service teachers. 

EDCI 473 Environmental Education (3) 

Two hours of lecture and three hours of laboratory 
per week. An interdisciplinary course covering the 
literature, techniques and strategies of environmen- 
tal education. 

EDCI 474 Science in Early Childhood Education 

(3) 
Objectives, methods, materials and activities for 
teaching science in the elementary school. Primarily 
for in-service teachers, nursery school through grade 

3. 

EDCI 475 Science in the Elementary School (3) 

Objectives, methods, materials, and activities for 
teaching science in the elementary school. Primarily 
for in-service teachers, grades 1-6. 



EDCI 476 Teaching Ecology and Natural History 

(3) 
An introduction to the teaching of natural history 
in the classroom and in the field. Ecological prin- 
ciples; resources and instructional materials; curric- 
ular materials. Primarily for teachers, park 
naturalists, and outdoor educators. 

EDCI 480 The Child and the Curriculum: 
Elementary (3) 

Relationship of the school curriculum, grades 1-6, 
to child growth and development. Recent trends in 
curriculum organization; the effect of environment 
on learning; readiness to learn; and adapting cur- 
riculum content and methods to maturity levels of 
children. Primarily for in-service teachers, grades 1- 
6. 

EDCI 481 Student Teaching: Elementary (12) 
For EDCI majors only. 

EDCI 484 Student Teaching in Elementary School: 

Music (4-6) 
For EDCI majors only. Fulfills elementary teaching 
requirements in K-12 music education programs. 

EDCI 485 Student Teaching in Elementary School: 

Physical Education (4-8) 
For EDCI majors only. Fulfills elementary teaching 
requirements in K-12 physical education programs. 

EDCI 487 Introduction to Computers in 
Instructional Settings (3) 

Prerequisite: six hours of education or permission of 
department. A first-level survey of instructional uses 
of computers, software, and related technology es- 
pecially for in-service teachers. 

EDCI 488 Selected Topics in Teacher Education (1- 

3) 
Prerequisite: EDCI major or permission of depart- 
ment. Repeatable to 6 credits if content differs. 

EDCI 489 Field Experiences in Education (1-4) 
Prerequisite: permission of department. Corequisite: 
EDCI 497. Repeatable to 4 credits. 

EDCI 491 Student Teaching in Secondary Schools: 

Health (12) 
For EDCI majors only. 

EDCI 494 Student Teaching in Secondary Schools: 

Music (2-8) 
For EDCI majors only. 

EDCI 495 Student Teaching in Secondary Schools: 

Physical Education (2-8) 
For EDCI majors only. 

EDCI 497 The Study of Teaching (3) 

Prerequisite: EDCI 481. Corequisite: EDCI 489. 
Identification and examination of learner and 



308 



Course Descriptions 



teacher outcome variables related to teaching sys- 
tems, methods, and processes. Methods of con- 
ducting classroom research. 

EDCI 498 Special Problems in Teacher Education 

(1-6) 
Prerequisite: permission of department. For EDCI 
majors only. Repeatable to 6 credits. Individual study 
of approved problems. 

EDCI 499 Workshops, Clinics, and Institutes (1-6) 

Repeatable to 6 credits. The following types of ed- 
ucational enterprise may be scheduled under this 
course heading: workshops conducted by the Col- 
lege of Education (or developed cooperatively with 
other colleges and universities) and not otherwise 
covered in the present course listing; clinical expe- 
riences in pupil testing centers, reading clinics, 
speech therapy laboratories, and special education 
centers; institutes developed around specific topics 
or problems and intended for designated groups 
such as school superintendents, principals and su- 
pervisors. 

EDCI 600 Trends in Art Education Curriculum (3) 

Recent developments in art education. 

EDCI 601 History of Art Education (3) 

Perspective on art education philosophy as viewed 
through an historical survey. 

EDCI 602 The Teaching of Aesthetics in the Public 
Schools (3) 

Critical investigation of art, and curriculum impli- 
cations. 

EDCI 610 Curriculum for Early Childhood 
Education (3) 

Curriculum theory, research and practice in edu- 
cational settings for infants and children to age eight. 

EDCI 611 The Young Child in the Community (3) 

Impact of major social and economic trends on 
young children and on community agencies, com- 
mercial enterprises and social experiences. 

EDCI 612 Teaching Strategies in Early Childhood 

Education (3) 
Theory and research of teacher-learner interaction. 
Analysis of planning, organization of learning en- 
vironments, evaluation of learning, general class- 
room management. and inter-personal 
relationships. 

EDCI 613 Teacher-Parent Relationships (3) 

Research in parental involvement in school activities 
and processes. 



EDCI 614 Intellectual and Creative Experiences in 
Early Childhood Education (3) 

A critical examination of theories of intellectual and 
creative development, language development, prob- 
lem solving and critical thinking. 

EDCI 620 Trends in Secondary School 
Curriculum: Social Studies (3) 

Recent developments in educational thinking and 
practice on the curriculum in social studies. 

EDCI 621 Trends in Secondary School 
Curriculum: Geography (3) 

Recent developments in educational thinking and 
practice on the curriculum in geography. 

EDCI 622 Teaching Social Studies in Elementary 
Schools (3) 

Examination of current literature and research in 
the social sciences as they relate to social studies 
curriculum and instruction. 

EDCI 630 Trends in Secondary School 
Curriculum: Foreign Language (3) 

Recent developments in educational thinking and 
practice on the curriculum in foreign language ed- 
ucation. 

EDCI 631 Testing in the Foreign Language/ESL 
Classroom (3) 

Analysis of standardized and teacher-made FL/ESL 
tests; emphasis on principles of FL/ESL test con- 
struction. Field testing of commercial and teacher- 
made materials. 

EDCI 634 Advanced TESOL Methods (3) 

Prerequisite: EDCI 434 or equivalent. Methods of 
teaching reading, writing, Ustening and speaking 
skills. Diagnosis of student skills in English; devel- 
opment of ESOL instructional materials. TESOL 
research projects. 

EDCI 635 Advanced Foreign Language Methods 

(3) 
Prerequisite: EDCI 330. EDCI 443. or permission 
of department. Theory and implementation of the 
current methods and curricular trends in the foreign 
language classroom. 

EDCI 637 Advanced Laboratory Practice in 
Foreign Language/TESOL Education (2-6) 

Prerequisites: EDCI 434; and EDCI 634; or per- 
mission of department. Supervised internship in TE- 
SOL setting. 

EDCI 640 Trends in Secondary School 

Curriculum: English (3) 
Recent developments in educational thinking and 
practice on the curriculum in English education. 



EDCI - Curriculum and Instruction 



309 



EDCI 641 Trends in Secondary School 

Curriculum: Speech (3) 

Recent (.ie\elopmenls in educational thinking and 
practice on the curriculum in speech. 

EDCI 642 Communications and the School 

Curriculum (3) 
Curriculum development based on communication 
as the major vehicle for describing the learner's in- 
teractions with persons, knowledge, and materials 
in the classroom and school environment. 

EDCI 643 Teaching Language Arts in Elementary 

Schools (3) 
Analysis of current issues, trends, and problems in 
language-arts instruction. 

EDCI 644 Issues and Trends in Children's 
Literature (3) 

Contemporary social conditions and problems, 
trends in publishing, advertising, censorship, media 
adaptation, and reading habits. 

EDCI 650 Trends in Mathematics Education (3) 

Recent developments in educational thinking and 
practice which have affected the curriculum in math- 
ematics. 

EDCI 653 Diagnosis and Treatment of Learning 
Disabilities in Mathematics I (3) 

Prerequisite: EDCI 352 or permission of department. 
Diagnosis and treatment of disabilities in mathe- 
matics. Theoretical models, specific diagnostic and 
instructional techniques and materials for working 
with children in both clinical and classroom settings. 
Clinic hours to be arranged. 

EDCI 654 Diagnosis and Treatment of Learning 
Disabilities in Mathematics II (3) 

Prerequisite: EDCI 653 or permission of department. 
Diagnosis and treatment of severe learning disabil- 
ities in elementary school mathematics. Theoretical 
models, relevant research and specific techniques. 
Clinic hours to be arranged. 

EDCI 657 Diagnosis and Treatment of Secondary 
Students with Misconceptions of Mathematics (3) 

Prerequisite: EDCI 450; and EDCI 451; or permis- 
sion of department. Research and theory concerning 
common misconceptions in secondary school math- 
ematics. Participation in a clinical experience. 

EDCI 660 Corrective Reading Instruction (3) 

Prerequisite: EDCI 362 or EDCI 463 or equivalent. 
Diagnostic techniques, instructional materials and 
teaching procedures useful in the regular classroom; 
appropriate for teachers, supervisors, and admin- 
istrators. 



EDCI 661 Teaching Reading in the Content Areas 

(3) 
Prerequisite: EDCI 362 or EDCI 463. Focus on im- 
proving student achievement in content disciplines 
where reading materials are used as instructional 
resources. 

EDCI 662 Reading Diagnostic Assessment and 
Prescription (3) 

Prerequi.site: permission of department. Survey 
course in reading diagnosis and prescription for 
graduate students not majoring in reading. 

EDCI 663 Issues in Reading Education - 
Elementary (3) 

Prerequisite: EDCI 660. Implications of current the- 
ory and research for the teaching of reading in the 
elementary school. 

EDCI 664 Clinical Assessment in Reading (3) 

Prerequisites: EDCI 660; and {EDCI 663 or EDCI 
667]. Clinical diagnostic techniques and materials 
for assessing serious reading difficulties. 

EDCI 665 Clinical Remediation of Reading 
Disabilities (3) 

Prerequisites: EDCI 660; and {EDCI 663 or EDCI 
667}. Remedial procedures and materials for pro- 
grams of individual and small group instruction. 

EDCI 666 The Role of the Reading Resource 
Teacher (3) 

Prerequisites: {EDCI 663 or EDCI 667); and EDMS 
645. Preparation of reading personnel to function as 
resource persons to classroom teachers, administra- 
tors and the school community. 

EDCI 667 Issues in Reading Education - Secondary 

(3) 
Prerequisite: EDCI 660. Implications of current the- 
ory and research for the teaching of reading in the 
secondary school. 

EDCI 670 Trends in School Curriculum: Science 

(3) 
Recent developments in educational thinking and 
practice on the curriculum in science education. 

EDCI 671 Teaching Science in Elementary Schools 

(3) 
Identification of problems in teaching science. 
Methods for improving the effectiveness of science 
education. 

EDCI 672 Curriculum Innovations in Early 
Childhood-Elementary Science Education (3) 

Analysis of curricula in early childhood-elementary 



310 Course Descriptions 



EDCI 673 Assessing, Diagnosing, and Teaching 
Writing (3) 

Prerequisite: EDCI 467 or equivalent; or permission 
of instructor. Application of theory and research on 
composition instruction to review assessment and 
diagnostic procedures useful to writing teachers. 
Development of curricular materials for imple- 
menting appropriate individual, small group, and 
large-group instruction. 

EDCI 677 Computers in Science Education (3) 

Prerequisite: EDCI 487 or equivalent. Current and 
projected methods by which computers can augment 
classroom and laboratory-based science instruction 
in school and non-school settings. 

EDCI 680 Trends in Secondary School Curriculum 

(3) 
Recent developments in educational thinking and 
practice on the curriculum. 

EDCI 681 Trends in Elementary School 

Curriculum (3) 
Recent developments in educational thinking and 
practice which have affected the curriculum in ele- 
mentary education. 

EDCI 682 Proseminar in Professional Development 

(3) 
Introduction to professional development for hu- 
man service profession. Survey of professional and 
research Hterature; analysis of allied fields. 

EDCI 683 Implementation of Curricular Specialties 

(3) 
Research methods applied in curriculum implemen- 
tation; societal values, ethics and responsibilities as- 
sociated with the implementation of curricular 
specialties; and personal capabilities to successfully 
implement curriculum. 

EDCI 684 Introduction to Field Methods in School 
and Community (3) 

Application of selected field research methods to 
problems of professional practice. Students plan and 
conduct field study utilizing qualitative field tech- 
niques. 

EDCI 685 Research Methods (3) 

The interpretation and conduct of research in cur- 
riculum and instruction. 

EDCI 686 Competency-Based Curricula in Early 
Childhood Education (3) 

Prerequisite: EDCI 487 or permission of department. 
Theoretical issues in the use of computers in early 
childhood education. Applications of elementary 
computer languages with children including curric- 
ulum development, teaching methods, integration 



of the computer into the classroom and problem 
solving. 

EDCI 687 Applications of Computers in 
Instructional Settings (3) 

Prerequisite: EDCI 487 or permission of department. 
Review and analysis of instructional software and 
computer-based learning environments from the 
standpoint of teaching, learning, and design theo- 
ries. Integration of instructional and tool software 
into classroom settings. 

EDCI 690 Teaching as a Profession (3) 

Prerequisite: permission of department. The profes- 
sion of teaching and the knowledge base that defines 
teaching. Current and social issues that affect teach- 
ing and learning; role of research and experience in 
learning to teach. 

EDCI 691 Models of Teaching: Theories and 
Applications (3) 

Prerequisite: permission of department. Theory and 
research on teaching as applied to models of instruc- 
tion. Practice in developing an initial repertoire of 
teaching models and in providing thoughtful critique 
of teaching based on these models. 

EDCI 693 Research on Effective Teaching (3) 

Prerequisite: permission of department. Survey of 
the research literature on effective teaching and 
schools. Observation and analysis of teaching in a 
variety of school and classroom settings. 

EDCI 695 Teaching Science and Social Studies 

through Environmental Study (3) 
For EDCI majors only. Curriculum and instruction 
for science and social studies within a multicultural 
and environmental context; analysis of social studies 
and science curriculum materials; utilization of 
school and community resources. 

EDCI 696 Conducting Research on Teaching (3) 

Prerequisite: permission of department. Application 
of the knowledge base on effective teaching to the 
analysis and improvement of educational practice. 
Research methods used in the study of classroom 
teaching. Design and conduct of an action research 
project. 

EDCI 700 Theory and Research in Art Education 

(3) 
A survey of the research literature; evaluation of 
research techniques; consideration of relevant in- 
structional curriculum theory; evaluation of modern 
teaching methods and techniques. 

EDCI 701 Theory and Research in Music 
Education (3) 

A survey of the research literature; evaluation of 
research techniques; consideration of relevant in- 



EDCI - Curriculum and Instruction 



311 



structional curriculum theory; evaluation of modern 
teaching methods and techniques. 

EDCI 710 Stafflng in Early Childhood Programs 

(3) 

For advanced students in early childhood education. 
Problems involved in administration of faculty and 
staff in programs for young children. 

EDCI 711 Education and Group Care of the Infant 
and Young Child (3) 

Prerequisite: EDMS 645 or permission of depart- 
ment. The historical, theoretical and empirical basis 
for the group care and education of young children 
with special emphasis on the child under the age of 
three. 

EDCI 713 Research in Early Childhood Education 

(3) 
Prerequisite: EDMS 645 or permission of depart- 
ment. The design and conduct of research with in- 
fants and children to age eight; reviews, evaluations 
and discussions of significant and relevant early 
childhood research literature. 

EDCI 720 Theory and Research in Social Studies 
Education (3) 

Prerequisites: [EDCI 620 or EDCI 622}; and EDMS 
645. A survey of the research literature; evaluation 
of research techniques; consideration of relevant in- 
structional curriculum theory; evaluation of modern 
teaching methods and techniques. 

EDCI 730 Theory and Research in Foreign 
Language/ESOL Education (3) 

A survey of the research literature; evaluation of 
research techniques; consideration of relevant in- 
structional curriculum theory; evaluation of modern 
teaching methods and techniques. 

EDCI 731 Advanced Teaching of Reading in a 
Second Language (3) 

Prerequisite: EDCI 435 or equivalent. A survey of 
research literature and evaluation of research tech- 
niques applied in second language teaching/learn- 
ing. 

EDCI 740 Theory and Research in English 
Education (3) 

A survey of the research literature; evaluation of 
research techniques; consideration of relevant in- 
structional curriculum theory; evaluation of modern 
teaching methods and techniques. 

EDCI 741 Theory and Research in Speech 

Education (3) 
A survey of the research literature; evaluation of 
research techniques; consideration of relevant in- 
structional curriculum theory; evaluation of modern 
teaching methods and techniques. 



EDCI 745 Theory and Research in Written 
Communication (3) 

Recommended: EDCI 685. Analysis and synthesis 
of recent theoretical trends in writing research; the 
reading and critiquing of representative research 
studies. The study of research methods for con- 
ducting disciplined inquiry in written communica- 
tion. 

EDCI 750 Theory and Research in Mathematics 
Education (3) 

Prerequisite: EDCI 650. A survey of the research 
literature; evaluation of research techniques; con- 
sideration of relevant instructional curriculum the- 
ory; evaluation of modern teaching methods and 
techniques. 

EDCI 761 Advanced Clinical Practices in Reading 
Diagnosis (3) 

Prerequisite: EDCI 665. Corequisite: EDCI 762. Di- 
agnostic work with children in clinic and school sit- 
uations. Case report writing and conferences. 

EDCI 762 Advanced Clinical Practices in Reading 

Instruction (3) 
Prerequisite: EDCI 665. Corequisite: EDCI 761 . Re- 
medial instruction with children in clinic and school 
situations. Remedial techniques, diagnostic teach- 
ing and evaluation. 

EDCI 769 Theory and Research in Reading (3) 

Prerequisite: permission of department. Repeatable 
to 6 credits if content differs. Survey of the literature 
in reading and allied fields, and an examination of 
current research trends and methodologies. 

EDCI 770 Foundations of Science Education (3) 

Prerequisite: EDCI 670 or EDCI 671; or permission 
of department. Development of science education; 
pre-kindergarten through college; the influences on 
current and future practices; and the identification 
and critical analysis of topics in science education. 

EDCI 771 Theory and Research in Science 

Education (3) 
Prerequisites: EDCI 770; and EDMS 646; or per- 
mission of department. A study of various tech- 
niques and paradigms for research in science 
education, pre-kindergarten through college. Iden- 
tification and critical analysis of a researchable topic 
in science education and the development of a pro- 
posal. 

EDCI 780 Theory and Research on Teaching (3) 

Analysis of the interactive process of instruction; 
preschool through higher education in school and 
non-school settings; future directions and needed 
research. 



312 Course Descriptions 



EDCI 781 Analysis of Instruction (3) 

Theory and practice in observation of instruction 
and in the related conference with the teacher. Var- 
ious classroom observation systems and models for 
conferences are studied and used. 

EDCI 783 Theory and Research in Computer 

Education (3) 
Prerequisites: {EDCI 685: and EDCI 687; and 
EDMS 645} or permission of department. Exami- 
nation of the current research and theory in the 
instructional uses of computers, instructional tutor- 
ing systems, computer programing environments, 
computer-based laboratories and problem solving 
environments in educational settings. 

EDCI 784 Consulting and Training in Staff 

Development (3) 
Prerequisite: EDCI 682 or permission of department. 
Theory and research on consulting and training in 
staff development. Designing and implementing 
consulting and training interventions. 

EDCI 787 Computer Courseware Development (3) 

Prerequisite: EDCI 687 or permission of department. 
The theory and practice of designing, creating, and 
analyzing computer-based instruction and tutoring 
systems. Advanced programming techniques using 
BASIC and author languages such as PILOT. 

EDCI 788 Selected Topics in Teacher Education (1- 
3) 

Repeatable to 6 credits if content differs. Current 
topics and issues in teacher education. 

EDCI 798 Special Problems in Teacher Education 
(1-6) 

Prerequisite: permission of department. Intended for 
Masters. AGS. or doctoral students in education 
who desire to pursue a research problem. 

EDCI 799 Master's Thesis Research (1-6) 

EDCI 800 Seminar in Art Education (3) 

EDCI 810 Seminar in Early Childhood Education 

(3) 

EDCI 820 Seminar in Social Studies Education (3) 
EDCI 822 Seminar in Secondary Education (3) 

EDCI 830 Seminar in Foreign Language Education 

(3) 

EDCI 840 Seminar in English Education (3) 

EDCI 841 Seminar in Speech Education (3) 

EDCI 858 Seminar in Mathematics Education (1-3) 
Repeatable to 6 credits. Survey and analysis of lit- 
erature on an identified research topic in mathe- 



matics education. Design and implementation of a 
research study to investigate the identified topic. 

EDCI 860 Seminar in Reading Education (3) 

EDCI 861 Research Methods in Reading (3) 

Prerequisites: EDCI 685. and EDCI 769, and 
{EDMS 646 or PI}. Current research questions and 
methods culminating in a study suitable for submis- 
sion to journals. Emphasis on using and conducting 
research. 

EDCI 870 Seminar in Science Education (3) 

EDCI 880 Doctoral Proposal Seminar (3) 

Prerequisites: EDCI 685; and EDCI 780; and per- 
mission of department. Definition of the problem, 
development of research design, data collection 
processes, and writing and critiquing dissertation 
proposals. 

EDCI 881 Seminar in Instructional Computing (3) 

Prerequisites: EDCI 685: and EDCI 687; or per- 
mission of department. Group and individual par- 
ticipation in the study of theoretical issues of 
instructional computing. 

EDCI 888 Apprenticeship in Education (1-8) 

Prerequisite: permission of department. Apprentice 
practice under professional supervision. Credit not 
to be granted for experience accrued prior to reg- 
istration. Open only to degree- and certificate-seek- 
ing graduate students. 

EDCI 889 Internship in Education (3-8) 
Prerequisite: permission of department. Internship 
experiences with appropriate supervision. Credit 
not to be granted for experience accrued prior to 
registration. Open only to students advanced to can- 
didacy for doctoral degree. 

EDCI 899 Doctoral Dissertation Research (1-8) 

EDCP - Education Counseling 
and Personnel Services 

EDCP 410 Introduction to Counseling and 

Personnel Services (3) 
Overview of counselor functions and skills that lead 
to effective helping. 

EDCP 411 Principles of Mental Health (3) 

Prerequisite: nine semester hours in the behavioral 
sciences or permission of department. Mechanisms 
involved with personal adjustment, coping skills, 
and the behaviors that lead to maladjustment. 

EDCP 413 Behavior Modification (3) 

Knowledge and techniques of intervention in a va- 
riety of social situations, including contingency con- 
tracting and time out will be acquired. 



EDCP - Education Counseling and Personnel Services 313 



EDCP 416 Theories of Counseling (3) 

An overview and comparison of the major theories 
of counseUng, including an appraisal of their utility 
and empirical support. 

EDCP 417 Group Dynamics and Leadership (3) 

Two hours of lecture and two hours of laboratory 
per week. Prerequisite: permission of department. 
The nature and property of groups, interaction ana- 
lysis, developmental phases, leadership dynamics 
and styles, roles of members and interpersonal com- 
munications. Laboratory involves experimental 
based learning. 

EDCP 420 Education and Racism (3) 

Strategy development for counselors and educators 
to deal with problems of racism. 

EDCP 460 Introduction to Rehabilitation 

Counseling (3) 
Survey of principles and practices involved in the 
vocational rehabihtation of persons with disabilities. 

EDCP 461 Psycho-Social Aspects of Disability (3) 

Theory and research concerning disability, with em- 
phasis on crisis theory, loss and mourning, handi- 
capped as a deviant group, sexuality and functional 
loss, attitude formation, dying process and coping. 
Implications for counseling and the rehabilitation 
process. 

EDCP 462 The Disabled Person in American 
Society (3) 

Critical examination of the history of legislation and 
analysis of current policies toward severely physi- 
cally and mentally disabled persons. 

EDCP 470 Introduction to Student Personnel (3) 

Prerequisite: permission of department. A systematic 
analysis of research and theoretical literature on a 
variety of major problems in the organization and 
administration of student personnel services in 
higher education. Included will be discussion of such 
topics as the student personnel philosophy in edu- 
cation, counseling services, discipline, housing, stu- 
dent activities, financial aid, health, remedial 
services, etc. 

EDCP 489 Field Experiences in Counseling and 

Personnel Services (1-4) 
Prerequisite: permission of department. Planned 
field experience in education-related activities. 
Credit not to be granted for experiences accrued 
prior to registration. 

EDCP 498 Special Problems in Counseling and 

Personnel Services (1-3) 
Prerequisite: permission of department. Available 
only to major students who have formal plans for 
individual study of approved problems. 



EDCP 499 Workshops, Clinics, Institutes (1-6) 
Repcuiahle to 6 credits. The following type of edu- 
cational enterprise may be scheduled under this 
course heading: workshops conducted by the De- 
partment of Counseling and Personnel Services (or 
developed cooperatively with other departments, 
colleges and universities) and not otherwise covered 
in the present course listing; clinical experiences in 
counseling and testing centers, reading clinics, 
speech therapy laboratories, and special education 
centers; institutues developed around specific topics 
or problems and intended for designated groups. 

EDCP 605 Issues in Counseling Adults (3) 

Theoretical approaches to adult development. The 
scope and variety of settings (industry, education, 
government) in which programs of adult counseling 
and guidance take place, and the nature of such 
programs. 

EDCP 606 Counseling Adults in Transition (3) 

Theoretical background for understanding adult 
transitions such as divorce, promotion, major illness 
and bereavement. Strategies for helping adult clients 
cope with major life changes. 

EDCP 610 Professional Orientation (3) 

Survey of knowledge base and practices in coun- 
seling and personnel services specializations, profes- 
sional ethics, credentialling relevant legislation, 
current issues. 

EDCP 611 Career Development Theory and 
Programs (3) 

Research and theory related to career and educa- 
tional decisions; programs of related information 
and other activities in career decision. 

EDCP 612 Cross-Cultural Issues in Counseling and 
Personnel Services (3) 

Prerequisites: EDMS 646; and EDCP 616; or per- 
mission of department. Socio-psychological, philo- 
sophical, clinical, and research topics related to the 
provision of counseling and personnel services, ac- 
ademic support, and career development for mi- 
nority students on predominantly white college and 
university campuses. Implications of race and/or na- 
tional origin on opportunities for personal, social, 
academic, and career development in educational 
settings. 

EDCP 614 Personality Theories in Counseling and 
Personnel Services (3) 

Examination of constructs and research relating to 
major personality theories with emphasis on their 
significance for working with the behaviors of in- 
dividuals. 



314 



Course Descriptions 



EDCP 615 Counseling I: Appraisal (3) 

Corequisiie: EDCP 618. For EDCP majors only. 
Collection and interpretation of appraisal data, syn- 
thesis of data through case study procedures. De- 
velopment of interview skills. 

EDCP 616 Counseling II: Theory and Practice (3) 

Prerequisite: EDCP 615. Corequisiie: EDCP 618. 
Counseling theories and the practices which stem 
from such theories. 

EDCP 617 Group Counseling (3) 

Prerequisite: EDCP 616. A survey of theory, re- 
search and practice of group counseling and psycho- 
therapy with an introduction to growth groups and 
the laboratory approach, therapeutic factors in 
groups, composition of therapeutic groups, problem 
clients, therapeutic techniques, research methods, 
theories, ethics and training of group counselors and 
therapists. 

EDCP 618 Counseling Skills: Introduction to 
Practicum (1) 

Corequisiie: EDCP 615 and EDCP 616. Repealable 
to 2 credits. Development and utilization of coun- 
seling skills. 

EDCP 619 Practicum in Counseling (2-6) 
Prerequisites: EDCP 616 and permission of depart- 
ment. Sequence of supervised counseling experi- 
ences of increasing complexity. Limited to eight 
applicants in advance. Two hours class plus labo- 
ratory. 

EDCP 625 Counseling the Chemically Dependent 

(3) 
Chemical dependency and its effects on the individ- 
ual's personal, social, and work functioning. Coun- 
seling procedures for persons with drug and alcohol 
problems. 

EDCP 627 Process Consultation (3) 

Prerequisite: graduate course in group process. Study 
of case consultation, systems consultation, mental 
health consultation and the professionals role in 
systems intervention strategies. 

EDCP 633 Diagnostic Appraisal of Children I (3) 

Prerequisite: EDCP 726. Corequisiie: EDCP 738. 
Assessment of development, emotional and learning 
problems of children. 

EDCP 634 Diagnostic Appraisal of Children II (3) 

Prerequisite: EDCP 633. Corequisiie: EDCP 738. 
Assessment of development, emotional, and learn- 
ing problems of children. 

EDCP 635 Therapeutic Techniques and Classroom 
Management I (3) 

Diagnosis and treatment of problems presented by 
teachers and parents. Practicum experience. 



EDCP 636 Therapeutic Techniques and Classroom 
Management II (3) 

Prerequisite: EDCP 635. Understanding and treat- 
ment of children's problems. Focus primarily on the 
older child in secondary school. Orientation essen- 
tially behavioral. Practicum experience provided. 

EDCP 655 Organization and Administration of 
Personnel Services (2) 

Prerequisite: EDCP 619 or permission of depart- 
ment. Exploration of personnel services programs 
and implementing personnel services practices. 

EDCP 656 Counseling and Personnel Services 

Seminar (2) 
Examination of issues that bear on professional is- 
sues such as ethics, interprofessional relationships 
and research. 

EDCP 662 Medical Aspects of DisabiUty (3) 

Prerequisite: EDCP 610 or equivalent. Appraisal of 
medical aspects in rehabilitation; nature, cause, 
treatment, limitations, prognosis of most common 
disabilities; medical terminology; role of the medical 
specialities. 

EDCP 663 Psychiatric Aspects of Disability (3) 

Prerequisite: EDCP 610 or permission of depart- 
ment. Part of core curriculum in rehabilitation coun- 
seling. The psychiatric rehabilitation client: 
understanding the client's needs, available treat- 
ment approaches and society's reaction to the client. 

EDCP 664 Vocational Evaluation (3) 

Principles and strategies for the vocational assess- 
ment of adult disabled persons. Administration and 
interpretation of relevant measures. 

EDCP 665 Family and Social Support Systems (3) 

Recommended: EDCP 610. Principles and methods 
useful for understanding the role of family support 
systems in counseling. Specialized skills for coun- 
sehng impaired adults and their families. 

EDCP 668 Special Topics in Rehabilitation (1-6) 

Prerequisite: permission of department. Repealable 
to 6 credits if content differs. 

EDCP 681 Counseling Adults in the Workplace (3) 

Needs and entitlements of employees over the life 
span and the changing responsibilities of the work- 
place in meeting these needs. Role of counselors in 
helping employees and organizations to address 
these issues. 

EDCP 715 Appraisal Measures in Counseling (3) 

Prerequisites: EDCP 615 and EDMS 646 or their 
equivalents. Interpretation and utilization in coun- 
seling of the career interest and personality measures. 



EDCP - Education Counseling and Personnel Services 315 



EDCP 716 Advanced Counseling Theory Seminar 

(3) 
Prerequisite: Master's decree in counseling or per- 
mission of departnwnt. Systematic investigation of 
methods of theory analysis and their application to 
counseling theory. 

EDCP 717 Evaluation of Research in Counseling 

(3) 
Prerequisite: permission of department. Research on 
process and outcome in counseling. A review of 
research and appropriate research methodologies. 

EDCP 718 Advanced Seminar in Group Processes 

(2-6) 
Prerequisite: EDCP 626. Repeatable to 6 credits. 

EDCP 726 Practicum in Individual Testing I (3) 

Prerequisite: EDMS 622. The administration and 
interpretation of the Stanford-Binet and Wechsler 
scales of intelligence. 

EDCP 735 Seminar in Rehabilitation Counseling 

(3) 
Part of the core curriculum for rehabilitation coun- 
selors. Designed to provide the advanced rehabili- 
tation counseling student with a formal seminar to 
discuss, evaluate and attempt to reach personal res- 
olution regarding pertinent professional problems 
and issues in the field. 

EDCP 738 Practicum in Child Assessment (1-6) 

Corequisite: EDCP 633 or EDCP 6'<4. Repeatable 
to 6 credits. Administration of complete tesi batter- 
ies to children; supervision of initial interviews; test 
administration and scoring; interpretation and syn- 
thesis of test battery and interview material; the 
psychological report; verbal interpretation of test 
results; and recommendations. Taken initially with 
EDCP 633; repeated with EDCP 634 in the subse- 
quent semester. 

EDCP 740 Issues and Methods in Counselor 
Education (3) 

Doctoral standing. Competencies, current issues, 
and methods in the pre-service and continuing ed- 
ucation of counselors. 

EDCP 745 Supervision of Counseling (3) 

Prerequisite: permission of department Open to doc- 
toral students only. For EDCP majors only. Survey 
of knowledge base, research approaches, and ap- 
plied skills in supervision of counseling. 

EDCP 771 The College Student (3) 

A demographic study of the characteristics of col- 
lege students as well as a study of their aspirations, 
values, and purposes. 



EDCP 775 Facilitating Student Learning in Higher 
Education (3) 

Prerequisite: EDCP 771 or permission of depart- 
ment. Doctoral standinf^. Application of selected 
models of college student development, learning 
styles, and related models of instruction to the as- 
sessment of characteristics and the design of learning 
environments. 

EDCP 776 Modification of Human Behavior: 
Laboratory and Practicum (3) 

Prerequisite: permission of department. Individual 
and group supervised introduction to intake and 
counseling relationships. 

EDCP 777 Modification of Human Behavior: 
Laboratory and Practicum (3) 

Prerequisites: EDCP 776 and permission of depart- 
ment. Continuation of EDCP 776. Further experi- 
ence under direct supervision of more varied forms 
of counseling relationships. 

EDCP 778 Research Proposal Seminar (3) 

The development of thesis, dissertation or other re- 
search proposals. 

EDCP 788 Advanced Practicum (1-6) 
Prerequisites: previous practicum experience and 
permission of department. Individual supervision in 
one of the following areas: (a) individual counseling, 
(b) group counseling, (c) consultation, or (d) ad- 
ministration. 

EDCP 789 Advanced Topics in Counseling and 
Personnel Services (1-6) 

Repeatable to 6 credits. 

EDCP 794 Gender-Related Issues in Counseling (3) 

The implications of gender roles and conflicts on the 
counseling process: philosophical, clinical, and re- 
search issues. 

EDCP 798 Special Problems in Counseling and 

Personnel Services (1-6) 
Master's AGS, or doctoral candidates who desire to 
pursue special research problems under the direc- 
tion of their advisers may register for credit under 
this number. 

EDCP 799 Master's Thesis Research (1-6) 

Registration required to the extent of six hours for 
Master's thesis. 

EDCP 888 Apprenticeship in Counseling and 

Personnel Services (1-8) 
Prerequisite: permission of department. Apprentice 
practice under professional supervision in an area 
of competence compatible with the student's profes- 
sional goals. Credit not to be granted for experience 



316 Course Descriptions 



accrued prior to registration. Open only to degree- 
and certificate-seeking graduate students. 

EDCP 889 Internship in Counseling and Personnel 

Services (3-8) 
Prerequisite: permission of department. Internship 
experiences at a professional level of competence in 
a particular role with appropriate supervision. 
Credit not to be granted for experience accrued 
prior to registration. Open only to students ad- 
vanced to candidacy for doctoral degree. 

EDCP 899 Doctoral Dissertation Research (1-8) 

Registration required to the extent of 12-18 hours 
for a Ph.D. Dissertation. 

EDHD - Education, Human 
Development 

EDHD 400 Introduction to Gerontology (3) 

Multidisciplinary survey of the processes of aging. 
Physiological changes, cultural forces, and self-proc- 
esses that bear on quality of Hfe in later years. Field 
study of programs, institutions for elderly, individual 
elders, their families and care providers. 

EDHD 411 Child Growth and Development (3) 

Theoretical approaches to and empirical studies of 
physical, psychological and social development from 
conception to puberty. Implications for home, 
school and community. 

EDHD 413 Adolescent Development (3) 

Adolescent development, including special prob- 
lems encountered in contemporary culture. Obser- 
vational component and individual case study. Does 
not satisfy requirement for professional teacher ed- 
ucation program. 

EDHD 416 Scientific Concepts in Human 

Development (3) 
Guided reading and observation of students through 
the school year. Impact of family, school, society, 
and peer group on individual. Analysis of field data 
in terms of behavioral patterns. 

EDHD 417 Laboratory in Behavior Analysis (3) 

Prerequisite: EDHD 416. Continuation of analysis 
of field observations; emphasis on cognitive proc- 
esses, motivation, self-concept, attitudes and values. 

EDHD 419 Human Development and Learning in 
School Settings (3) 

Prerequisite: permission of department. Repeatable 
to 6 credits if content differs. Advanced study of 
human development and learning in different phases 
of school program over a period of time. 



EDHD 420 Cognitive Development and Learning 

(3) 
Prerequisite: EDHD 300 or EDHD 320 or EDHD 
411 or PSYC 355 or PSYC 341 or permission of 
department. Current developmental theories of cog- 
nitive processes such as language, memory, and in- 
telligence and how differences in cognitive level 
(infancy through adolescence) mediate learning of 
educational subject matters. 

EDHD 445 Guidance of Young Children (3) 

Prerequisite: PSYC 100 or EDHD 306 or permission 
of department. Practical aspects for helping and 
working with children, drawing on research, clinical 
studies, and observation. Implications for day care 
and other public issues. 

EDHD 460 Educational Psychology (3) 

Prerequisite: PSYC 100 or EDHD 306 or permission 
of department. Application of psychology to learn- 
ing processes and theories. Individual differences, 
measurement, motivation, emotions, intelligence, 
attitudes, problem solving, thinking and communi- 
cating in educational settings. (May not be substi- 
tuted for EDHD 300 by students in professional 
teacher education programs.) 

EDHD 489 Field Experiences in Education (1-4) 
Prerequisite: permission of department. Repeatable 
to 4 credits. Planned field experience in education- 
related activities. Credit not to be granted for ex- 
periences accrued prior to registration. 

EDHD 498 Special Problems in Education (1-3) 

Prerequisite: permission of department. Available 
only to students who have definite plans for indi- 
vidual study of approved problems. 

EDHD 499 Workshops, Clinics, and Institutes (1-6) 
Repeatable to 6 credits. The following type of edu- 
cational enterprise may be scheduled under this 
course heading: workshops conducted by the Col- 
lege of Education (or developed cooperatively with 
other colleges and universities) and not otherwise 
covered in the present course listing; clinical expe- 
riences in pupil-testing centers, reading clinics, 
speech therapy laboratories, and special education 
centers; institutes developed around specific topics 
or problems and intended for designated groups 
such as school superintendents, principals and su- 
pervisors. 

EDHD 600 Introduction to Human Development 
and Child Study (3) 

An overview of the multidisciplinary, scientific prin- 
ciples which describe human development and be- 
havior and an application of these principles in an 
analysis of a behavioral record. Techniques of ob- 



EDHD - Education, Human Development 31 7 



servation, recording, and analysis of human behav- 
ior. Emphasis on critiquing and applying research 
findings. 

EDHD 601 Biological Bases of Behavior (3) 

Pre- or corequisitc: EDHD MH). Emphasizes that 
understanding of human hfe, growth and behavior 
dependson understanding physical processes. Ap- 
plication throughout is made to brain-behavior re- 
lationships and implications for understanding and 
working with people. 

EDHD 602 Social Bases of Behavior (3) 

The social forces and expectations that influence 
behavior from infancy through old age and death. 
The effects of ethnicity, social learning values, at- 
titudes, historical events and mass media on per- 
ception and behavior in societal interactions. 

EDHD 603 Integrative Bases of Behavior (3) 

Prerequisites: EDHD 600 or equivalent; and EDHD 
601; and EDHD 602. Analyzes the organized and 
integrated pattern of feeling, thinking and behaving 
which emerges from the interaction of basic biolog- 
ical drives and potentials with one's unique expe- 
rience growing up in a social group. 

EDHD 610 Physiological Aspects of Aging (3) 

Prerequisite: EDHD 601; and (ZOOL201 or ZOO L 
202 or equivalent) or permission of department. 
Physiological changes with advancing age including 
cells and tissues; metabolism; homeostasis; and sen- 
sorium, with implications with respect to coping with 
these changes. 

EDHD 613 Advanced Laboratory in Behavior 
Analysis I (3) 

First of a three-hour sequence in the study of be- 
havior. Analysis focuses upon the major forces 
which shape the development and learning of chil- 
dren and youth. 

EDHD 615 Advanced Laboratory in Behavior 
Analysis II (3) 

Prerequisite: EDHD 613 or equivalent. Second of a 
three-course sequence in the behavior analysis of 
children and youth focusing on self-developmental 
and self-adjustive processes. 

EDHD 619 Advanced Scientific Concepts in 
Human Development (3) 

Repeatable to 6 credits if content differs. A critical 
examination of concepts and issues in contemporary 
culture as these relate to the development and learn- 
ing of children and youth. 

EDHD 620 Aging in the Cultural Context (3) 

The factors and forces that affect life quality in the 
late vears. Identification of economic, social and 



governmental influences in the cultural context that 
enhance or impede continued growth of the person. 
Individual projects involving direct field experience. 

EDHD 630 Cognitive Processes During Aging (3) 

Cognitive functioning of the aged. The roles of cul- 
tural, environmental and affectional variables as 
they contribute to the healthy functioning of cog- 
nitive processes. On-site field trips. 

EDHD 640 The Adult Learner (3) 

Changes in adult learning/cognitive processes and 
factors that may affect an individuals selection and 
performance of learning tasks; includes discussion 
of both theoretical issues and proposed applications 
of research on aduh learning. 

EDHD 659 Direct Study of Individuals (3) 

Observational techniques to record the behavior of 
an individual. Procedures to ensure objectivity in 
data collection. Methods used to analyze, catego- 
rize, quantify observational data in research. 

EDHD 692 Cognitive Basis of Instruction (3) 

Prerequisite: permission of department. Psycholog- 
ical and educational research literature on human 
cognition, especially as applied to learning and 
teaching in classroom settings. 

EDHD 700 Infant Development (3) 

An examination of recent research findings in phys- 
ical, social, emotional and language development 
during infancy. A review of prenatal and perinatal 
factors in relation to their influence on later devel- 
opment. 

EDHD 701 Training the Parent Educator (3) 

Recommended: course in child development. His- 
tory, philosophy, and ethics of parent education, and 
examination of issues critical to the design, imple- 
mentation, and evaluation of parent education pro- 
grams. Training in communication and leadership 
skills. 

EDHD 710 Affectional Relationships and Processes 
in Human Development (3) 

Pre- or corequisite: EDHD 600 or equivalent. The 
normal development, expression and influence of 
love in infancy, childhood, adolescence and adult- 
hood. The influence of parent-child relationship in- 
volving normal acceptance, neglect, rejection, 
inconsistency, and over-protection upon health, 
learning, emotional behavior and personality ad- 
justment and development. 

EDHD 711 Peer-Culture and Group Processes in 

Human Development (3) 
Pre- or corequisite: EDHD 600 or equivalent. The 
process of group formation, role-taking and status- 



318 



Course Descriptions 



winning, and the emergence of the peer-culture dur- 
ing childhood and the evolution of the child society 
at different maturity levels to adulthood. The de- 
velopmental tasks and adjustment problems asso- 
ciated with winning, belonging, and playing roles in 
the peer group. 

EDHD 721 Learning Theory and the Educative 
Process I (3) 

Major theories, issues and research in learning and 
cognitive development. Emphasis on the application 
of these theories to education and the helping 
professions. 

EDHD 722 Learning Theory and the Educative 
Process II (3) 

Prerequisite: EDHD 721 or permission of depart- 
ment. Advanced study of theories, issues and re- 
search in several categories of cognition and learning 
applied to education and the helping professions. 

EDHD 730 Field Program in Child Study I (3) 

Prerequisite: permission of department. Introductory 
training and apprenticeship preparing persons to be- 
come staff members in human development work- 
shops, consultants in child study field programs and 
coordinators of municipal or regional child study 
programs for teachers or parents. Extensive field 
experience is provided. In general, open only to 
persons who have passed their prehminary exami- 
nations for the doctorate with a major in human 
development or psychology. 

EDHD 740 Theories of Conflict Resolution in 
Human Development (3) 

Prerequisite: permission of department. Psycholog- 
ical and sociological theories regarding the nature 
of human conflict and its resolution and research 
regarding bargaining and negotiation techniques. 
Applications to students' professional work. 

EDHD 741 Conflict Resolution in Divorce 
Settlement (3) 

Prerequisite: permission of department. Conflict res- 
olution and negotiation techniques to the divorce 
settlement process. Neutral third party negotiation 
in conjunction with legal professionals in resolving 
issues of child custody and visitation, division of 
marital property, spousal support, and child sup- 
port. 
EDHD 779 Special Topics in Human Development 

(1-6) 
Prerequisite: permission of department. Repeatable 
to 6 credits if content differs. 

EDHD 780 Research Methods in Human 
Development (3) 

Prerequisite: EDMS 651 or permission of depart- 
ment. Potentials and Umitations of empirical obser- 



vation for contributing to human development 
knowledge, locating and evaluating relevant human 
development research, and choosing and applying 
statistical techniques to human development prob- 
lems. 

EDHD 789 Internship in Human Development (3- 

8) 
Prerequisites: nine credits of human development; 
and permission of department. Repeatable to 9 cred- 
its. Internship experience in one or more human 
service agencies in the community. 

EDHD 798 Special Problems in Education (1-6) 

Master's, AGS, or doctoral candidates who desire 
to pursue special research problems under the di- 
rection of their advisors may register for credit under 
this number. 

EDHD 799 Master's Thesis Research (1-6) 

Registration required to the extent of six hours for 

master's thesis. 

EDHD 810 Physical Processes in Human 

Development I (3) 
Prerequisite: EDHD 601 or permission of depart- 
ment. Doctoral core course focused on the biological 
bases of human behavior including physiological 
processes which have an impact on human devel- 
opment and behavior. Emphasis on theoretical per- 
spectives and identification of research problems. 
EDHD 811 Physical Processes in Human 

Development II (3) 
Prerequisite: EDHD 810 or permission of depart- 
ment. Advanced doctoral seminar in the biological 
bases of behavior with consideration of selected top- 
ics introduced in EDHD 810. Identification of re- 
search problems and areas of application. 
EDHD 820 Socialization Processes in Human 

Development I (3) 
Prerequisite: EDHD 602 or permission of depart- 
ment. Doctoral core course focused on the sociali- 
zation of human beings. Emphasis on theoretical 
perspectives from sociology, anthropology, and psy- 
chology; examination of the outcomes of socializa- 
tion. 
EDHD 821 Socialization Processes in Human 

Development II (3) 
Prerequisite: EDHD 820 or permission of depart- 
ment. Advanced doctoral seminar on socialization 
and social development with consideration of se- 
lected topics introduced in EDHD 820. Identifica- 
tion of research problems and areas of application. 
EDHD 830 Self Processes in Human Development I 

(3) 
Prerequisite: EDHD 603 or permission of depart- 
ment. Doctoral core course focused on personality 



EDIT- Industrial, Technological and Occupational Education 319 



theories - their history, constructs, and methods; 
examination of the reciprocal relation between self 
and the social environment; consideration of differ- 
ent conceptualization of self-processes and related 
personality research. 

EDHD 831 Self Processes in Human Development 
11(3) 

Prerequisite: EDHD 830 or permission of depart- 
ment. Advanced doctoral seminar on current the- 
oretical perspectives in self-processes, with 
consideration of selected topics introduced in 
EDHD 830. Identification of research problems and 
areas of application. 

EDHD 835 The Development of Achievement 

Motivation (3) 
Prerequisites: {EDHD 830 or EDHD 721} or per- 
mission of department. Development of achieve- 
ment motivation and how it relates to academic 
achievement during the elementary and secondary 
school years. Expectancy-value theory, attribution 
theory, self-efficacy theory, socialization of achieve- 
ment motivation. 

EDHD 860 Synthesis of Human Development 

Concepts (3) 
Prerequisites: EDHD 810; and EDHD 820; and 
EDHD 830. A seminar for advanced students who 
work toward a synthesis of their own concepts in 
human growth and development. Emphasis on 
seeing the dynamic interrelations among all proc- 
esses in the behavior and development of an indi- 
vidual. 

EDHD 878 Team Research in Human Development 

(3) 
Pre- or corequisite: EDMS 651 or permission of de- 
partment. Repeatable to 6 credits. Current research 
literature in human development. Definition of a 
research problem. Design and implemention of a 
research study in collaboration with faculty, with 
completed project presented to colloquium of fac- 
ulty/students. Must be taken in consecutive fall and 
spring terms. 

EDHD 884 Laboratory in Emotional Development 

(3) 
Prerequisite: EDHD 811 or permission of depart- 
ment. Techniques for measuring emotions in a lab- 
oratory setting, including electroencephalography, 
heart rate measurement, and facial and vocal be- 
havior analysis. For students engaged in research on 
emotional development of infants and young chil- 
dren. 

EDHD 888 Apprenticeship in Education (1-8) 

Prerequisite: permission of department. Apprentice 
practice under professional supervision in an area 



of competence compatible with the student's profes- 
sional goals. Credit not to be granted for experience 
accrued prior to registration. Open only to dcgrce- 
and certificate-seeking graduate students. 

EDHD 889 Internship in Education (3-8) 
Prerequisite: permission of department. Internship 
experiences at a professional level of competence in 
a particular role with appropriate supervision. 
Credit not to be granted for experience accrued 
prior to registration. Open only to students ad- 
vanced to candidacy for doctoral degree. 

EDHD 899 Doctoral Dissertation Research (1-8) 
Registration required to the extent of 6-9 hours for 
an Ed.D. project and 12-18 hours for a Ph.D. dis- 
sertation. 

EDIT - Industrial, Technological 
and Occupational Education 

EDIT 400 Technology Activities For the 
Elementary School (3) 

Experience in the development and use of technol- 
ogy and career education instructional materials for 
construction activities in an interdisciplinary ap- 
proach to elementary school education. 

EDIT 401 Essentials of Design (2) 

Four hours of laboratory per week. Prerequisite: 
EDIT 101. A study of the basic principles of design 
and practice with application to the construction of 
laboratory projects. 

EDIT 402 Methods and Materials in Teaching 
Bookkeeping and Related Subjects (3) 

Problems and procedures in the mastery of book- 
keeping and related office knowledge and skills. 
Consideration of materials and teaching procedures. 

EDIT 403 Problems in Teaching Office Skills (3) 

Problems in development of occupational compe- 
tency, achievement tests, standards of achievement, 
instructional materials, transcription, and the inte- 
gration of office skills. 

EDIT 404 Basic Business Education in the 
Secondary Schools (3) 

Subject matter selection; methods of organization; 
and presenting business principles, knowledge and 
practices. 

EDIT 405 Business Communications (3) 

The fundamental principles of effective written com- 
munication. Word usage, grammar, punctuation, 
principles and procedures for writing business let- 
ters, and formal research reports. 

EDIT 406 Word Processing (3) 

An introduction to the word processing field with 
emphasis on word processing theory and concepts 



320 



Course Descriptions 



including hands-on equipment training. Manage- 
ment of office personnel, procedures, and equip- 
ment; the incorporation of word processing into the 
school curriculum, the automated office of the fu- 
ture and career opportunities. 

EDIT 410 Administration and Program 

Development for Industrial Arts and Vocational 
Education (3) 

Principles and practices of program development 
and supervision with reference to the role of the 
departmental chairperson in vocational, technical, 
and industrial arts programs at the secondary and 
post-secondary levels. 

EDIT 412 Management of Physical Facilities in 
Industrial Arts and Vocational Education (3) 

Principles, practices, and theory related to the role 
of the departmental chairperson charged with the 
management of the physical facilities in vocational, 
technical, and industrial arts laboratories. 

EDIT 414 Organization and Coordination of 
Cooperative Education Programs (3) 

The organization of a cooperative distributive ed- 
ucation program; the development of an effective 
cooperative relationship between coordinator and 
training sponsor; the selection, orientation, and 
training of sponsors; analysis of training opportun- 
ities, reports and records; the evaluation and selec- 
tion of students for part-time cooperative work 
assignments; and the evaluation of the program. 

EDIT 415 Financial and Economic Education I (3) 

Problems of teaching courses in personal finance and 
economics in the public schools, including materials 
and resources. 

EDIT 416 Financial and Economic Education II (3) 

Continuation of EDIT 415. 

EDIT 421 Industrial Arts in Special Education (3) 

One hour of lecture and four hours of laboratory 
per week. Prerequisites: {EDSP 470; and EDSP 471} 
or permission of department. Experiences of a tech- 
nical and theoretical nature in industrial processes 
applicable for classroom use. Emphasis on individ- 
ual research in the specific area of major interest in 
special education. 

EDIT 422 Student Teaching: Industrial Arts 
Education (2-12) 

EDIT 425 Analysis of Industrial Training 
Programs I (3) 

An overview of the function of industrial training, 
including methods of instruction, types of programs 
and their organization, objectives, and evaluation. 



EDIT 426 Analysis of Industrial Training 
Programs II (3) 

Prerequisite: EDIT 425. Continuation of EDIT 425. 
Studies of training programs in a variety of indus- 
tries, including plant program visitation, training 
program development, and analysis of industrial 
training research. 

EDIT 427 Experimental Electronics (2) 

Six hours of laboratory per week. Student investi- 
gation of an area of electronics of particular interest 
or usefulness at a depth appropriate for student- 
based objectives relating to one or more of the fol- 
lowing: digital circuitry, communication, energy 
conversion, test equipment utilization, analog cir- 
cuitry. 

EDIT 432 Student Teaching: Business Education 
(2-12) 

EDIT 433 Advanced Topics in Pbwer Technology (3) 

Two hours of lecture and four hours of laboratory 
per week. Prerequisite: EDIT 233 or equivalent. The 
development of a competency in building and eval- 
uating the performance of energy transmission, con- 
trol and converter systems. Methane digestors. solar 
collectors, electric motors, steam turbines, and fluid 
power systems. 

EDIT 434 Color Reproduction in Graphic 
Communications (3) 

Two hours of lecture and four hours of laboratory 
per week. Prerequisites: {EDIT 234: and EDIT 334; 
and EDIT 335} or equivalent. An advanced course 
in the theory and processes of color graphic repro- 
duction. Continuous tone color photography, flat 
color preparation, process color separations and the 
reproduction of a multi-color product on a semi- 
automatic or automatic printing press. 
EDIT 435 Curriculum Development in Home 

Economics (3) 
An analysis of curriculum development including 
the tools for planning, managing, and evaluating the 
teaching/learning environment of conceptual curric- 
ulum design. 
EDIT 436 Analysis of Child Development 

Laboratory Practices (3) 
Prerequisite: FMCD 332 or EDHD 411. Integration 
of child development theories with laboratory prac- 
tices; observation and participation in a secondary 
school child development laboratory arranged to al- 
ternate with class meetings. 

EDIT 440 Industrial Hygiene (3) 

Introduction to the concept of industrial hygiene and 
environmental health. Evaluation techniques, in- 
strumentation for identification of problems; design 
parameters for achieving control over environmen- 
tal epidemiological and toxicological hazards. 



EDIT - Industrial, Technological and Occupational Education 321 



EDIT 442 Student Teaching: Home Economics 
Education (2-12) 

EDIT 443 Industrial Safety 1(3) 
The histon. and development of effective safety pro- 
grams in modern industry including causes, effects 
and values of industrial safety education including 
fire prevention and hazard controls. 

EDIT 444 Industrial Safety II (3) 

Study of exemplary safety practices through con- 
ference discussions, group demonstration, and or- 
ganized plant visits to selected industrial situations. 
Methods of fire precautions and safety practices. 
Evaluative criteria in safety programs. 

EDIT 445 Systems Safety Analysis (3) 

The development of systems safety, a review of 
probability concepts and the application of systems 
technique to industrial safety problems. Hazard 
mode and effect, fault free analysis and human fac- 
tors considerations. 

EDIT 450 Training Aids Development (3) 

Study of instructional materials, sources and appli- 
cations; emphasis on principles for making aids use- 
ful to laboratory teachers. Actual construction and 
application of materials will be required. 

EDIT 451 Research and Experimentation in 
Industrial Arts (3) 

A laboratory -seminar course designed to develop 
persons capable of plannmg. directing and evalu- 
ating effective research and experimentation pro- 
cedures with the materials, products and processes 
of industry. 

EDIT 453 Fire Safety Research and Transfer (3) 

The technological transfer of scientific findings to 
private sector fire safety. Review of research appli- 
cable to the adequacy and reliability of fire safety 
in industry. 

EDIT 454 Private Fire Protection Analysis I (3» 

Risk analysis, life safety and property conservation 
from fire in industrial properties and complexes. 
Emphasis on a systems approach for implementing 
private fire protection. 

EDIT 455 Private Fire Protection Analysis II (3) 

Prerequisite: EDIT 448. Internal property detection 
and fire suppression systems that can mitigate a fire 
in the incipient stage. Review of systems, with em- 
phasis on the performance objectives of preventing, 
controlling, and extinguishing fires. 

EDIT 457 Tests and Measurements (3) 

The construction of objective tests for occupational 
and vocational subjects. Use of measures in domains 



of learning and examination of test analysis tech- 
niques. 

EDIT 460 Design Illustrating II (2) 

Four hours of laboratory per week. Prerequisite: 
EDIT 160. Advanced drawing, rendering, shadow 
construction, lettering techniques and advanced pic- 
torial representation techniques. 

EDIT 461 Principles of Vocational Guidance (3) 

The underlying principles of guidance and their ap- 
plication to the problems of educational and occu- 
pational adjustment of students of all ages. 

EDIT 462 Occupational Analysis and Course 

Construction (3) 
Application of the techniques of occupational and 
job analysis concepts to instructional development 
and the design of occupational programs. 

EDIT 464 Laboratory Organization and 

Management (3) 
The basic elements of organizing and managing an 
industrial education program . the selection of equip- 
ment, facility development, legal responsibilities of 
laboratory instructors, inventory, storage control 
and safety. 

EDIT 465 Modem Industry (3) 

The manufacturing, service, and extractive indus- 
tries in American social, economic, and cultural pat- 
terns. Representative basic industries studied from 
the viewpoints of personnel and management or- 
ganization, industrial relations, production proce- 
dures, distribution of products, etc. 

EDIT 466 Educational Foundations of Industrial 
Arts (3) 

A study of the factors which place industrial arts 
education in a well-rounded program of general ed- 
ucation. 

EDIT 467 Problems in Occupational Education (3) 

The procurement, assembly, organization, and 
interpretation of data relative to the scope, char- 
acter and effectiveness of occupational education. 

EDIT 470 Numerical Control in Manufacturing (3) 

The historical development of numerical control (N/ 
Cj in manufacturing, recent industrial trends in N/ 
C, and a variety of N C equipment and support ser- 
vices. N/C machine operations: machine motions, 
positioning control systems, N/C tapes and their 
preparation, manual and computer assisted (APT 
III) part programming. Experience in product de- 
sign, part programming, and product machining. 

EDIT 471 History and Principles of Vocational 

Education (3) 
The development of vocational education from pri- 
mitive times to the present with special emphasis 



322 



Course Descriptions 



given to the vocational education movement with 
the American program of pubhc education. 

EDIT 472 Quality Control and Assurance in 
Industrial Settings (3) 

Principles and theory of quality control and assur- 
ance, with focus on "quality of conformance." Or- 
ganizational aspects of QC/QA, data collection and 
analysis, quality control in input, process and output 
functions, and human and cultural dimensions of 
quality control. 

EDIT 474 Organization and Administration of 
Youth Groups (3) 

Principles, practices, and theoretical considerations 
related to youth organizations as a co-curricular 
function of the subject areas of industrial arts, busi- 
ness and marketing education, home economics, 
health occupations and trades and industry. 

EDIT 475 Recent Technological Developments in 
Products and Processes (3) 

Recent technological developments as they pertain 
to the products and processes of industry. The na- 
ture of newer products and processes and their effect 
upon modern industry and/or society. 

EDIT 476 Application of Technology to Societal 
Problems (3) 

A study of alternative solutions of a technological 
nature with respect to such areas as housing, trans- 
portation, energy, communications, production, 
trash and waste disposal, water development, and 
pollution control. 

EDIT 477 Microcomputer Applications in 
Technology and Industry (3) 

Prerequisite: EDCI 487 or CMSC 103 or permission 
of department. Manufacturing, safety, and training 
applications in industrial settings included in pro- 
gramming and software utilization. 

EDIT 481 Manufacture and Use of Inorganic 
Nonmetallic Materials (3) 

Two hours of lecture and four hours of laboratory 
per week. Prerequisite: EDIT 381 or equivalent. 
Fabrication of products from calculated composi- 
tions; application of forming process; utilization of 
compositions; experiences with property analysis 
and product design. 

EDIT 482 Student Teaching: Trade and Industrial 
Education (2-12) 

EDIT 484 - 486 Field Experiences in Vocational 
Areas. 

Supervised work experience in an occupation re- 
lated to vocational education. Application of theory 
to work situations as a basis for teaching in voca- 



tional education programs. By individual arrange- 
ment with advisor. 

EDIT 484 Field Experiences in Home Economics 
Education (3) 

EDIT 485 Field Experiences in Business Education 

(3) 

EDIT 486 Field Experiences in Marketing and 
Distributive Education (3) 

EDIT 488 Selected Topics in Education (1-3) 
Prerequisite: permission of department. Repeatable 
to 6 credits if content differs. 

EDIT 489 Field Experiences in Education (1-4) 
Prerequisite: permission of department. Planned 
field experience in education-related activities. 
Credit not to be granted for experiences accrued 
prior to registration. 

EDIT 491 Plastics Design and Equipment Selection 

(3) 
Two hours of lecture and four hours of laboratory 
per week. Prerequisite: EDIT 391 or permission of 
department. Experience with material selection, 
product design, mold design, auxiliary equipment 
and fixtures. 

EDIT 492 Issues Encountered in Daily Living in 
the Home (3) 

Junior standing. Addresses issues such as differing 
values, orientations, communication styles and the 
integration of family living, work, and parenting. 

EDIT 493 Home Economics for Special Need 
Learners (3) 

Mental, emotional, social and physical handicaps 
affecting learners in home economics education set- 
tings. The unique needs and abiUties of special learn- 
ers and methods of teaching daily living skills. 

EDIT 498 Special Problems in Education (1-6) 

Prerequisite: permission of department. Available 
only to majors who have definite plans for individual 
study of approved problems. Credit according to 
extent of work. 

EDIT 499 Workshops, Clinics, and Institutes (1-6) 

Repeatable to 6 credits. The following type of edu- 
cational enterprise may be scheduled under this 
course heading: Workshops conducted by the Col- 
lege of Education (or developed cooperatively with 
other colleges and universities) and not otherwise 
covered in the present course listing; clinical expe- 
riences in pupil-testing centers, reading clinics, 
speech therapy laboratories, and special education 
centers; institutes developed around specific topics 
or problems and intended for designated groups 



EDIT - Industrial, Technological and Occupational Education 323 



such as school siipcrintcndcnts, principals and su- 
pervisors. 

KDIT 600 Administration and Supervision of 
Business Kducation (3) 

Major emphasis on departmental organization and 
its role in the school program, curriculum, equip- 
ment, budget-making, supervision, guidance, place- 
ment and follow-up, school-community 
relationships, qualifications and selection of teach- 
ing staff, visual aids, and in-service programs for 
teacher development. For administrators, supervi- 
sors, and teachers. 

EDIT 605 Principles and Problems of Business 

Education (3) 
Principles, objectives, and practices in business ed- 
ucation; occupational foundations; current attitudes 
of business, labor and school leaders; general busi- 
ness education in relation to consumer business ed- 
ucation and to education in general. 

EDIT 606 Curriculum Development in Business 

Education (3) 
Study of curriculum planning in business education. 
Emphasis on the philosophy and objectives of the 
business education program, and on curriculum re- 
search and organization of appropriate course con- 
tent. 

EDIT 607 Philosophy of Industrial Arts Education 

(3) 
An overview of the development of the industrial 
arts movement and the philosophical framework 
upon which it was founded. Special emphasis on 
contemporary movements in industrial arts and their 
theoretical foundations. 

EDIT 614 School Laboratory Planning and 
Equipment Selection (3) 

The principles and problems of providing the phys- 
ical facilities for industrial education programs. The 
selection, arrangement and placement of equip- 
ment, and the determination of laboratory space 
requirements, utility services and storage require- 
ments for various types of industrial education pro- 
grams. 

EDIT 616 Supervision of Industrial Arts (3) 

The nature and function of the supervisor in the 
industrial arts field. Administrative and supervisory 
responsibilities, techniques, practices and personal 
qualifications of the industrial arts supervisor. 

EDIT 620 Organization, Administration and 
Supervision of Vocational Education (3) 

A theoretical and research base for the study of 
practices in vocational and technical education. Ex- 
amination of administrative processes. 



KI)rr 636 Evaluation in Home Economics 
Education (3) 

Construction and use ol evaluation processes in 
home economics programs. 

EDIT 640 Re.search in Industrial Arts and 

Vocational Education (1-3) 
A seminar for students conducting research in in- 
dustrial arts, vocational education, and industrial 
technology. 

EDIT 641 Content and Method of Industrial Arts 

(3) 
Examination of methods and procedures used in 
curriculum development. Application of those 
suited to the field of industrial arts education. Meth- 
ods and devices for industrial arts instruction. 

EDIT 642 Coordination in Work-Experience 
Programs (3) 

Philosophy and practices of cooperative programs. 
Methods and techniques of coordination in com- 
prehensive and part-time programs. 

EDIT 643 Curriculum Trends in Marketing and 
Distributive Education (3) 

Recent developments in educational thinking and 
practice which have affected the curriculum in dis- 
tributive education. 

EDIT 644 Curriculum Trends in Business 

Education (3) 
Recent developments in educational thinking and 
practice which have affected the curriculum in busi- 
ness education. 

EDIT 647 Seminar in Industrial Arts and 

Vocational Education (1-3) 
A seminar for students conducting and developing 
research in industrial arts, vocational education, and 
industrial technology. 

EDIT 650 Teacher Education in Industrial Arts (3) 

The function and historical development of indus- 
trial arts teacher education. Program administration 
and development, physical facilities and require- 
ments, staff organization and relationships, college- 
secondary school relationships, philosophy and eval- 
uation. 

EDIT 676 Planning and Policy Issues. in Vocational 
and Technical Education (3) 

Prerequisite: EDIT 471 or permission of department. 
Current problems and issues in policy planning, in- 
cluding training, social, and economic functions of 
vocational and technical education. Characteristics 
of youth, adult client populations, training in public, 
private, domestic and international settings. 



324 Course Descriptions 



EDIT 705 Trends in the Teaching and Supervision 
of Home Economics Education (3) 

Study of home economics programs and practices 
in light of current educational trends. Interpretation 
and analysis of democratic teaching procedures, out- 
comes of instruction, and supervisory practices. 

EDIT 742 Theory and Research in Business 

Education (1-3) 
A survey of the research literature; evaluation of 
research techniques; consideration of relevant in- 
structional curriculum theory; evaluation of modern 
teaching methods and techniques. 

EDIT 746 Theory and Research in Home 

Economics Education (1-3) 
Prerequisite: EDMS 645 or permission of depart- 
ment. A survey of the research literature; evaluation 
of research techniques; consideration of relevant in- 
structional curriculum theory; evaluation of modern 
teaching methods and techniques. 

EDIT 760 Modes of Inquiry in Industrial and 
Social Institutions (3) 

Modes of inquiry used to conduct research in in- 
dustrial and social institutions in the interest of hu- 
man context in these settings. Interpretive and 
critical science as alternatives to the empirical ori- 
entation. 

EDIT 780 Leadership Seminar in Vocational 
Education (3) 

Seminar in the contributions of local, state, and na- 
tional agencies to the formulation of vocational/ 
technical education programs. 

EDIT 788 Selected Topics in Education (1-3) 
Repeatable to 6 credits if content differs. Current 
topics and issues in education. 

EDIT 798 Special Problems in Education (1-6) 
Prerequisite: permission of department. Intended for 
Master's, AGS, or doctoral students in education 
who desire to pursue a research problem. 

EDIT 799 Master's Thesis Research (1-6) 

EDIT 821 Seminar in Business Education (3) 

EDIT 826 Seminar in Home Economics Education 

(3) 

EDIT 888 Apprenticeship in Education (1-8) 

Prerequisite: permission of department. Apprentice 
practice under professional supervision in an area 
of competence compatible with the student's profes- 
sional goals. Credit not to be granted for experience 
accrued prior to registration. Open only to degree- 
and certificate-seeking graduate students. 



EDIT 889 Internship in Education (3-8) 

Prerequisite: permission of department. Internship 
experiences at a professional level of competence in 
a particular role with appropriate supervision. 
Credit not to be granted for experience accrued 
prior to registration. Open only to students ad- 
vanced to candidacy for doctoral degree. 

EDIT 899 Doctoral Dissertation Research (1-8) 

EDMS - Measurement, Statistics, 
and Evaluation 

EDMS 410 Principles of Testing and Evaluation (3) 

Junior standing. Classroom assessment; testing prin- 
ciples; reliability and validity; uses of standardized 
tests; reporting procedures; computer technology as 
applied to measurement. 

EDMS 451 Introduction to Educational Statistics 

(3) 
Junior standing. Introduction to statistical reason- 
ing; location and dispersion measures; computer ap- 
plications; regression and correlation; formation of 
hypotheses tests; t-test; one-way analysis of vari- 
ance; analysis of contingency tables. 

EDMS 465 Algorithmic Methods in Educational 
Research (3) 

Prerequisite: EDMS 451 or equivalent. Use of the 
computer as a tool in educational research. Instruc- 
tion in a basic scientific computer source language 
as well as practical experience in program writing 
for solving statistical and educational research prob- 
lems. 

EDMS 489 Field Experiences in Measurement and 

Statistics (1-4) 
Prerequisite: permission of department. Repeatable 
to 4 credits. Planned field experience in education- 
related activities. Credit not to be granted for ex- 
periences accrued prior to registration. 

EDMS 498 Special Problems in Measurement and 
Statistics (1-3) 

Prerequisite: permission of department. Repeatable 
to 6 credits. Available only to education majors who 
have formal plans for individual study of approved 
problems. 

EDMS 622 Theory and Practice of Standardized 
Testing (3) 

Prerequisite: EDMS 451; or EDMS 645. Principles 
of interpretation and evaluation of aptitude, 
achievement, and personal-social instruments; the- 
ory of reliability and validity; prediction and clas- 
sification; norm- and criterion-referenced testing 
concepts. 



EDMS - Measurement, Statistics, and Evaluation 



325 



KDMS 623 Applied Measurement: Issues and 
Practices (3) 

Prerequisite: EDMS 65/ ur permission of depart- 
ment. Measurement theory and its application at an 
intermediate level; test development, validation and 
interpretation; issues and recent developments in 
measurement. 

EDMS 626 Measurement Techniques For Research 

(3) 
Prerequisite: EDMS 646. Theory, development and 
applications of various measurement instruments 
and procedures. Questionnaires, interviews, rating 
scales, attitude scales, observational procedures, 
ecological approaches. Q-sort, semantic-differen- 
tial, sociometry and other techniques. 

EDMS 635 Computer-Based Measurement (3) 

Prerequisite: EDMS 651; and EDMS 623. Theory 
and technological developments in computer-based 
measurement, including computer adaptive testing, 
instructional testing, item banking, applications to 
non-cognitive measures, as well as comparisons to 
traditional methods. 

EDMS 645 Quantitative Research Methods I (3) 

Research design and statistical applications in ed- 
ucational research: data representation; descriptive 
statistics; estimation and hypothesis testing. Appli- 
cation of statistical computer packages is empha- 
sized. 

EDMS 646 Quantitative Research Methods II (3) 

Prerequisite: EDMS 645. A second level inferential 
statistics course with emphasis on analysis of vari- 
ance procedures and designs. Assignments include 
student analysis of survey data. Application of sta- 
tistical computer packages is emphasized. 

EDMS 647 Introduction to Program Evaluation (3) 

Prerequisite: EDMS 646 or equivalent. Overview of 
the program evaluation process; problems encoun- 
tered in the practice of program evaluation. 

EDMS 651 Intermediate Statistics in Education (3) 

Prerequisite: EDMS 646 or equivalent. Multi-way 
analysis of variance; analysis of covariance; multiple 
regression and correlation analysis; computer pack- 
ages for statistical analysis. 

EDMS 653 Correlation and Regression Analysis (3) 

Prerequisite: EDMS 651. Systematic development 
of multiple regression, non-linear regression and 
other regression-based methods. Emphasis is on un- 
derlying theory of procedures and on analytical ap- 
proaches. 

EDMS 657 Factor Analysis (3) 

Prerequisite: EDMS 651. Development of models 
for factor analysis and their practical applications. 



Treatment of factor extraction, rotation, second-or- 
der factor analysis, and factor scores. Introduction 
to linear structural relations models. 

EDMS 722 Structural Modeling (3) 

Prerequisite: EDMS 657. Statistical theory and 
methods of estimation used in structural modeling; 
applications with several different computer pro- 
grams; analysis of current methodological research 
literature. 

EDMS 723 Latent Structure Models (3) 

Prerequisites: EDMS 623: and EDMS 651. Theo- 
retical development and application of latent class 
models. 

EDMS 724 Modern Measurement Theory (3) 

Prerequisites: EDMS 623; and EDMS 651. Theo- 
retical formulations of measurement from a latent 
trait theon.' perspective. 

EDMS 738 Seminar in Special Problems in 

Measurement (1-3) 
Prerequisite: permission of department. Repeatable 
to 3 credits. An opportunity for students with special 
interests to focus in depth on contemporary topics 
in measurement. Topics to be announced, but will 
typically be related to applied and theoretical meas- 
urement. 

EDMS 747 Design of Program Evaluations (3) 
Prerequisites: EDMS 626; and EDMS 647; and 
EDMS 651 or permission of both department and 
instructor. Analysis of measurement and design 
problems in program evaluations. 

EDMS 769 Special Topics in Applied Statistics in 

Education (1-4) 
Prerequisite: permission of department. Designed 
primarily for students majoring or minoring in meas- 
urement, statistics or evaluation. 

EDMS 771 Design of Experiments (3) 

Prerequisite: EDMS 646. Major types of statistical 
designs; application of multivariate statistical tech- 
niques; introduction to log linear models. 

EDMS 779 Seminar in Applied Statistics (1-3) 

Repeatable to 3 credits. Enrollment restricted to doc- 
toral students with a major or minor in measure- 
ment, statistics or evaluation. Seminar topics will be 
chosen by individual student interest. 

EDMS 780 Research Methods and Materials (3) 

Prerequisite: EDMS 651. Issues in research includ- 
ing problems and hypotheses, variable definition, 
design principles, ethics, generalizability. sampling, 
and power analysis: writing and criticizing research 
reports. 



326 Course Descriptions 



EDMS 798 Special Problems in Education (1-6) 

Master's, AGS, or doctoral candidates who desire 
to pursue special research problems under the di- 
rection of their advisors may register for credit under 
this number. 

EDMS 799 Master's Thesis Research (1-6) 
Registration required to the extent of 6 credits. 

EDMS 879 Doctoral Seminar (1-3) 
Prerequisite: permission of department. Analysis of 
doctoral projects and theses, and of other on-going 
research projects. Doctoral candidates may partic- 
ipate in the seminar during as many university ses- 
sions as they desire, but may earn no more than 
three semester hours of credit accumulated one hour 
at a time in the seminar. A Ph.D. candidate may 
repeat to a combined maximum of eighteen credits 
in the seminar and in EDMS 899. 

EDMS 889 Internship in Measurement and 
Statistics (3-12) 

Prerequisite: permission of department. Provides in- 
ternship experiences at a professional level of com- 
petence in a particular role with appropriate 
supervision. Credit not to be granted for experience 
accrued prior to registration. Open only to students 
advanced to candidacy for doctoral degree. 

EDMS 899 Doctoral Dissertation Research (1-8) 
Registration required to the extent of 12-18 credits. 

EDPA - Education Policy, 
Planning and Administration 

EDPA 400 The Future of the Human Community 

(3) 
Examination of the future of our social and cultural 
institutions for education and child rearing, social 
and family relationships, health and leisure, infor- 
mation exchange, and the provision of food, cloth- 
ing, and shelter. 

EDPA 401 Educational Technology, Policy, and 
Social Change (3) 

Junior standing. Examines technology as a complex 
force which influences social change and the edu- 
cational development of individuals. 

EDPA 440 Educational Media (3) 

Survey of classroom uses of instructional media. 
Techniques for integrating media into instruction. 
Includes preparation of a unit of instruction utilizing 
professional and teacher produced media. 

EDPA 488 Special Topics in Education Pblicy and 

Administration (1-3) 
Prerequisite: permission of department. Repeatable 
to 6 credits. Special and intensive treatment of cur- 



rent topics and issues in education policy and ad- 
ministration. 

EDPA 489 Field Experiences in Education (1-4) 
Prerequisite: permission of department. Planned 
field experience in education-related activities. 
Credit not to be granted for experiences accrued 
prior to registration. 

EDPA 498 Special Problems in Education (1-3) 
Prerequisite: permission of department. Available 
only to students who have definite plans for indi- 
vidual study of approved problems. 

EDPA 499 Workshops, Clinics, and Institutes (1-6) 

Repeatable to 6 credits. The following type of edu- 
cational enterprise may be scheduled under this 
course heading: Workshops conducted by the Col- 
lege of Education (or developed cooperatively with 
other colleges and universities) and not otherwise 
covered in the present course listing; clinical expe- 
riences in pupil-testing centers, reading clinics, 
speech therapy laboratories, and special education 
centers; institutes developed around specific topics 
or problems and intended for designated groups 
such as school superintendents, principals and su- 
pervisors. 

EDPA 601 Contemporary Social Issues in 
Education (3) 

Theoretical and practical consideration of vital so- 
cial issues currently affecting education. 

EDPA 605 Comparative Education (3) 

Analyzes and compares leading issues in education 
in various countries of the world , particularly as they 
relate to crucial problems in American education. 

EDPA 610 History of Western Education (3) 

Educational institutions through the ancient, me- 
dieval and early modern periods in western civili- 
zation, as seen against a background of socio- 
economic development. 

EDPA 611 History of Education in the United 

States (3) 
A study of the origins and development of education 
in the United States, emphasizing the variety of in- 
terpretive and methodological concerns that define 
the field. 

EDPA 612 Philosophy of Education (3) 

A study of the great educational philosophers and 
systems of thought affecting the development of 
modern education, with particular emphasis on re- 
cent scholarship on philosophical problems in edu- 
cation. 

EDPA 613 Educational Sociology (3) 

The sociological study of education as an evolving 
set of methods and procedures, and body of knowl- 



EDPA - Education Policy, Planning and Administration 327 



edge. Focuses on several major theoretical perspec- 
tives used by sociologists studying education. 

EDPA 614 Politics of Education (3) 

Educational institutions as political entities with an 
emphasis on their relationships with federal, state, 
and local governmcnis as well as with interest 
groups. The application of competing models of the 
political process to the passing of laws, development 
of budgets, and the control of the formulation, im- 
plementation, and evaluation of education policies. 

EDPA 620 Education Policy Analysis (3) 

Policy making in education from planning to eval- 
uation with emphasis on the identification of policy 
problems and the resources available to analysts 
through multi-disciplinary approaches. An intro- 
ductory experience with education policy analysis. 

EDPA 621 Decision Making and Education Policy 

(3) 
Prerequisite: EDPA 620. Organizational decision 
processes and policy formation within educational 
organizations - schools, colleges, universities, gov- 
ernment agencies and industry. 

EDPA 622 Education Policy, Values, and Social 
Change (3) 

Examination of relationships among educational 
policy, values, and social change. Roles of educa- 
tional organizations and institutional change in such 
social issues as equity and cultural diversity. 

EDP.A 623 Education Policy and Theories of 

Change (3) 
Prerequisite: EDPA 620. The work of change the- 
orists in history, economics, political science, phi- 
losophy, sociology and anthropology as it impinges 
upon education policy. 

EDPA 625 Federal Education Policy (3) 

Prerequisite: EDPA 620. Federal involvement in ed- 
ucation in the United States from 1780 to the pres- 
ent, emphasizing the effects of legislation, court 
decisions, agencies, and presidential initiatives on 
the distribution of education opportunities. 

EDPA 626 Education Policy and the Young (3) 

The systematic exploration of education policy as it 
has organized, reflected and influenced the lives of 
children, youth, and families, with particular em- 
phasis on American policies and systems. 

EDPA 627 Education Policy: An International 

Perspective (3) 
An analysis of education policy issues in various 
parts of the world. Comparisons with the United 
States. Teachers" organizations and citizen partici- 
pation in poHcy determination. Ethnic and racial 



group pressures and attempts to control education 
policy. 

EDPA 634 The School Curriculum (3) 

A foundations course embracing the curriculum as 
a whole from early childhood through adolescence, 
including a review of historical developments, an 
analysis of conditions affecting curriculum change, 
an examination of issues in curriculum making, and 
a consideration of current trends in curriculum de- 
sign. 
EDPA 635 Principles of Curriculum Development 

(3) 
Curriculum planning, improvement, and evaluation 
in the schools; principles for the selection and or- 
ganization of the content and learning experiences; 
ways of working in classroom and school on curric- 
ulum improvement 
EDPA 636 Communication and the School 

Curriculum (3) 
Curriculum development based on communication 
as the major vehicle for describing the learners in- 
teractions with persons, knowledge, and materials 
in the classroom and school environment. (Listed 
also as EDEL 636.) 
EDPA 640 Introduction to Educational 

.\dministration (3) 
Analysis of the emerging role of educational ad- 
ministrators in the social, political and legal contexts 
of schools. The role of technology to facilitate man- 
agement decision-making. 

EDPA 641 Planning and Goal Setting In 
Educational Organizations (3) 

Essential aspects of planning for educational orga- 
nizations addressed through case studies in instruc- 
tional programming, community involvement, fiscal 
and physical planning. 
EDPA 642 Management of Change in Educational 

Organizations (3) 
Role of individual as a change agent; issues related 
to effecting change within organizational sub-sys- 
tems and total systems are considered. Specific strat- 
egies for successful change in schools are addressed. 
EDPA 643 Management of Human Resources In 

Education (3) 
Fundamental issues related to the management of 
human resources. Strategies for managing human 
resources; ethical issues confronting managers; per- 
sonnel and collective bargaining. 
EDPA 645 Managing Instructional Improvement 

(3) 
Prerequisite: EDPA 640 and EDPA 641. Develop- 
ment of knowledge and skills in the use of data bases 
to improve instruction. 



328 Course Descriptions 



EDPA 646 Leadership for Instructional 
Improvement (3) 

Prerequisite: EDPA 645. Techniques for engaging 
staff and others in instructional improvement. Su- 
pervisory models and approaches which involve 
teachers as members of collegial units. 

EDPA 647 Seminar on Administration of 
Instructional Improvement (3) 

Prerequisite: EDPA 645, EDPA 646 or equivalent. 
Analysis and application of instructional improve- 
ment concepts in elementary, middle, and senior 
high schools. Implications of research and practice 
for restructuring. 

EDPA 650 Professional Seminar in Higher and 
Adult Education (3) 

Introduction to higher and adult education as a field 
of study. Origins, current dimensions and problems, 
and emerging issues. Field trips to state and national 
Capitols, and involvement in professional confer- 
ences. 

EDPA 651 Higher Education Law (3) 

Selected court opinions, legislation and executive 
guidelines regulating higher education. First and 
fourth amendment rights of students and faculty, 
procedural due process, equal educational oppor- 
tunity, equal protection in hiring, promotion, non- 
renewal and salaries, individual and institutional li- 
ability for civil rights violations and common law 
torts. No prior legal training required. 

EDPA 652 Higher Education in American Society 

(3) 
Examines the concepts of academic freedom, cor- 
porate autonomy and institutional accountability 
with emphasis on twentieth century relationships be- 
tween higher education and government in the 
United States. 

EDPA 653 Organization and Administration of 
Higher Education (3) 

Basic concepts and terminology related to organi- 
zational behavior and institutional governance struc- 
tures. The governance and organization of higher 
education in the United States. 

EDPA 654 The Community and Junior College (3) 

Historical development and philosophical founda- 
tions of community and junior colleges in America 
with emphasis on organizational and administrative 
structures in two year institutions and the clientele 
they serv