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Full text of "Graduate Catalog / the University of Maryland, College Park"

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MARYLAND 



UNIVERSITY OF MARYLAND AT COLLEGE PARK 



BOARD OF 
REGENTS 



Mr. George V. McGowan. Chairperson 

Mr. Roger Blunt. Vice Chairperson 

Dr. Albert N. Whiting. Secretary 

Mrs. Ilona M. Hogan. Treasurer 

Mr. Lewis W. Riley, Ex-Officio 

Ms. Margaret Alton 

Ms. Mary Arabian 

Mr. Riehard O. Berndt 

Mr. Benjamin L. Brown 

Mr. Earle Palmer Brown 

Mr. Charles W. Cole. Jr. 

Mr. Frank A. Gunther. Jr. 

Ms. Ann Hull 

Mr. Mark Israel 

Mr. Henry R. Lord 

Mr. Franklin P. Perdue 

Ms. Constance M. Unseld 



OFFICERS OF THE 
UNIVERSITY SYSTEM 



Dr. Donald N. Langenberg. Chancellor 
Dr. George Marx, Vice Chancellor for 

Academic Affairs 

Ms. Brenda N. Albright, Vice Chancellor for 

Administration and Finance 

Mr. John K. Martin, Vice Chancellor for 

Advancement 



OFFICERS OF THE 
COLLEGE PARK 
CAMPUS 



Dr. William E. Kirwan, President 

Dr. Daniel Fallon, Vice President 

for Academic Affairs and Provost 

Dr. Charles F. Sturtz, Vice President for 

Administrative Affairs 

Dr. William L. Thomas. Jr.. Vice President for 

Student Affairs 

Ms. Kathryn Costello, Vice President for 

Institutional Advancement 



THE GRADUATE SCHOOL 
COLLEGE PARK CAMPUS 



Dr. Ilene Nagel, Associate Provost for 
Research and Dean of the Graduate School 



GRADUATE CATALOG 



The University of Maryland 
College Park 



1994-1996 



Digitized by the Internet Archive 

in 2010 with funding from 

Lyrasis Members and Sloan Foundation 



http://www.archive.org/details/graduatecatalogu1994univ 



A MESSAGE FROM THE DEAN 

An ideal setting for the pursuit of graduate education is one that combines opportunity fol 
in-depth work in a field of specialization with the breadth of experience that large 
multidisciplinary institutions afford. The University of Maryland at College Park pirn ides that 
opportunity and breadth. The University is one of the nation's outstanding research 
universities. The Graduate School offers 86 masters degree programs and 66 doctoral 
programs, guided and taught by a community of renowned scholars, researchers, and 
performing and creative artists. Working independently and together they offer the committed 
graduate student virtually unlimited opportunities to excel. 

For 75 years, our graduates have gone on to distinguished careers in engineering, science, 
agriculture, the arts and social sciences, business and education. The University takes pride in 
its tradition of excellence and in its success in nurturing and developing future scholars. 
researchers, and professionals who pursue careers in local, community, state and national 
service, and in the performing and creative arts. The University of Maryland at College Park 
is committed to creating a scholarly community in which a diversity of ideas, student 
experiences, student backgrounds and perspectives is welcome and encouraged. 

This Catalog provides an overview of admission and graduate policies and brief descriptions 
of the various degree programs. For additional information, we invite you to call or write the 
individual departments. Our faculty and staff will be pleased to discuss with you the fit 
between your research interests and career aspirations, and the particular strengths of our 
programs and faculty. 

You will of course want to consider carefully this very important choice of which graduate 
school to attend and which program to pursue. We encourage you to come to our campus, visit 
with fellow graduate students, and talk with our faculty. If you decide to join us at UMCP, I 
look forward to meeting and talking with you. Further information and an application booklet 
may be obtained by calling 301-314-9304. 




Ilene H. Nagel 



The University of Maryland is an equal opportunity institution with respect to both 
education and employment. The University does not discriminate on the basis of race, color, 
national origin, sex, age, or handicap in admission or access to, or treatment or employment 
in, its programs and activities as required by federal (Title VI, Title IX, Section 504) and state 
laws and regulations. Inquiries regarding compliance with Title VI of the Civil Rights Act of 
1964, as amended, Title IX of the 1972 Educational Amendments, Section 504 of the 
Rehabilitation Act of 1973, or related legal requirements should be directed to: 

Director 

Office of Human Relations 
1 107 Hornbake Library 
University of Maryland 
College Park, MD 20742 
Telephone: 301-405-2838 

Inquiries concerning the application of Section 504 and Part 34 of the C.F.R. to the 
University of Maryland, College Park, Maryland, may be directed to: 

Director 

Disabled Student Services 
0126 Shoemaker Hall 
University of Maryland 
College Park, MD 20742 
Telephone: 301-314-7682 (voice) 
301-314-7683 (TTY) 



A Guide to Graduate Programs 3 



A Guide to Graduate Programs 


Graduate Program 
(course code) 


Degrees Offered 


Page 


Graduate Studies 
Office .nid I eJepbone 


Aerospace Engineering 

(ENAE) 


M.S.. M.E., Ph.D. 




31X1. Engineering 
< llassroom BIdg. 
405-2376 


Agricultural & Resource 

Economics 

(AREC) 


M.S., Ph.D. 




Rm. 2200F, Symona Hall 
405-1291 


Agricultural Engineering 
(ENAG) 


M.S., Ph.D. 




Rm. 1130. Shriver Lab 
405-1198 


Agronomy 
(AGRO) 


M.S., Ph.D. 




Rm. 1109, H.J. Patterson Hall 

405-1306 


American Studies 
(AMST) 


M.A.. Ph.D. 




Rm. 2101, South Campus Surge 

BIdg. 

405-1354 


Animal Sciences 
(ADVP) 


M.S., Ph.D. 




Rm. 2129, Animal Science Bide. 
405-1386 


Anthropology 
(ANTH) 


M.A.A. 




Rm. 1107, Woods Hall 
405-1423 


Applied Mathematics 
(MAPL) 


M.A., Ph.D. 




Rm. 1 104, Mathematics BIdg. 
405-5062 


Architecture 
(ARCH) 


M.Arch. 




Rm. 1298, Architecture BIdg. 

405-6284 


Art History & Archaeology 
(ARTH) 


M.A., Ph.D. 




Rm. 121 IB, Art-Sociology BIdg. 
405-1479 


Art 
(ARTT) 


M.F.A. 




Rm. 121 IE. Art-Sociology BIdg. 
405-1442 


Astronomy 
(ASTR) 


M.S.. Ph.D. 




Rm. 1205, Space Science BIdg. 
405-3001 


Biochemistry 
(BCHM) 


M.S., Ph.D. 




Rm. 1305, Chemistry BIdg. 
405-7022 


Botany 
(BOTN) 


M.S.. Ph.D. 




Rm. 3236, H.J. Patterson Hall 
405-1649 


Business & Management 
(BMBA, BMSB) 


M.S., M.B.A. 




Rm. 2308, Van Munching Hall 
405-2278 


Business & Management 
(BPHD) 


Ph.D. 




Rm. 2407, Van Munching Hall 
405-2214 



4 A Guide to Graduate Programs 



Business/Law 


M.B.A./J.D. 


Combined 




(LMBA) 




Business/Public 


M.B.A./M.P.M. 


Management Combined 




(BMPM) 




Chemical Engineering 


M.S.. M.E.. Ph.D. 


(ENCH) 




Chemical Physics 


M.S.. Ph.D. 


(CHPH) 




Chemistry 


M.S., Ph.D. 


(CHEM) 




Civil Engineering 


M.S.. M.E.. Ph.D. 


(ENCE) 




Classics 


M.A. 


(CLAS) 




Comparative Literature 


M.A.. Ph.D. 


(CMLT) 




Computer Science 


M.S.. Ph.D. 


(CMSC) 




Counseling & Personnel 


M.Ed., M.A., 


Services 


Ph.D.,A.G.S. 


(EDCP) 


Certificate 


Creative Writing 


M.F.A. 


(CRWR) 




Criminal Justice & 


M.A.. Ph.D. 


Criminology 




(CRIM) 




Curriculum & Instruction 


M.Ed.. M.A.. 


(EDCI) 


Ed.D., Ph.D.. 




A.G.S. Certificate 


Dance 


M.F.A. 


(DANC) 




Economics 


M.A.. Ph.D. 


(ECON) 




Education Policy, Planning & 


M.A., M.Ed., 


Administration 


Ed.D., Ph.D., 


(EDPA) 


A.G.S. Certificate 



Rm. 2308. Van Munching Hall 
405-227X 



Rm. 2101, Van Munching Hall 
405-6330 



Rm. 1223B. Chemical 
Engineering Bldg. 
405-1914 

Rm. 1115, Institute for Physical 
Science & Technology 
405-4780 

Rm. 1305. Chemistry Bldg. 
405-7022 

Rm. 1 179, Engineering 
Classroom Bldg. 
405-1974 

Rm. 2407. Marie Mount Hall 
405-2013 

Rm. 2107. South Campus Surge 

Bldg. 

405-2853 

Rm. 1 1 19, A.V. Williams Bldg. 
405-2664 

Rm. 1210, Benjamin Bldg. 
405-2858 



Rm. 4147, South Campus Surge 

Bldg. 

405-3820 

Rm. 2220, LeFrak Hall 
405-4699 



Rm. 1210, Benjamin Bldg. 
405-3324 



Rm. 1132. Dance Bldg. 
405-3180 

Rm. 3127F. Tydings Hall 
405-3544 

Rm. 1210, Benjamin Bldg. 
405-3574 



A Guide to Graduate Programs 5 



Electrical Engineering 

(ENEE) 


M.S. 


Ml Mil) 


Km 2434 \ V Williams II 


Engineering Materials 
(ENMA) 


\l s 


M 1 . Ph.D. 


Km. 1 1 10, Chemical and Nucleai 
ineering Bldg. 

521 1 


English Language & 

Literature 
(ENGL) 


M.A. 


. Ph.D. 


km. 31 19, South ( ainpus Surge 

Bldg. 

405 WW 


Entomology 
(ENTM) 


M.S.. 


Ph.D. 


Km. 1 J00B, SymonsHall 
405-3912 


Family Studies 
(FMST) 


M.S. 




Smle 1204. Mane Mount Hall 

405-3672 


Fire Protection Engineering 
(ENFP) 


M.S.. 


M.E. 


Rm. 0151, Engineering 
Classroom Bldg. 
405-3992 


Food Science 


M.S.. 


Ph.D. 


Rm. 3215. Marie Mount Hall 


(FDSC) 






405-4504 



French Language & Literature M.A., Ph.D. 
(FRIT) 



Geography 


M.A. 


. Ph.D. 


(GEOG) 






Geography/Library & 


M.A. 


, M.L.S 


Information Systems 






(GELS) 






Geology 


M.S., 


Ph.D. 


(GEOL) 






Germanic Language & 


M.A. 


, Ph.D. 


Literature 






(GERS) 






Government & Politics 


M.A. 


, Ph.D. 


(GVPT) 






Health Education 


M.A. 


, Ph.D. 


(HLTH) 







Hearing & Speech Science M.A., Ph.D. 

(HESP) 



History 
(HIST) 



M.A., Ph.D. 



History/Library & Information M.A.. M.L.S. 
(HILS) 



Rm. 3122. Jimenez Hall 
405-4024 

Rm. 1113. LeFrak Hall 
405-4050 

Rm. 41 10. Hornbake Library 
405-2038 



Rm. 11 15. Geology Bldg. 
405-4365 

Rm. 3215. Jimenez Hall 
405-4091 



Rm. 3140, Tydings Hall 

405-4161 

Rm. 2387. Health and Human 
Services Bldg. 

405-2464 

Rm. 0100. LeFrak Hall 
405-4214 

Rm. 2115. Francis Scott Key 

Hall 

405-4264 

Rm. 4110. Hornbake Library 

405-2038 



6 A Guide to Graduate Programs 



Horticulture 
(HORT) 


M.S.. Ph.D. 


Human Development 
(EDHD) 


M.Ed.. M.A.. 
Ed.D.. Ph.D.. 
A.G.S. Certificate 


Journalism 
(JOUR) 


M.A.. Ph.D. 


Kinesiology 

(KNES) 


M.A.. Ph.D. 


Law/Public Management 

Combined 

(LMPMi 


M.P.M.. J.D. 


Library & Information 

Services 

(LBSC) 


M.L.S.. Ph.D. 


Linguistics 
(LING) 


M.A.. Ph.D. 


Marine-Estuarine- 
Environmental Sciences 
(MEES) 


M.S.. Ph.D. 


Mathematical Statistics 
(STAT) 


M.A.. Ph.D. 


Mathematics 
(MATH) 


M.A.. Ph.D. 


Measurement. Statistics 
and Evaluation 
(EDMS) 


M.A.. Ph.D. 


Mechanical Engineering 
(ENME) 


M.S., M.E.. Ph.D. 


Meterology 
(METO) 


M.S.. Ph.D. 


Microbiology 
(MICB) 


M.S.. Ph.D. 


Molecular and Cellular 

Biology 

(MOCBi 


Ph.D. 


Music 
(MUSCi 


M.M.. M.A.. 
M.Ed., D.M.A. 
Ph.D.. Ed.D. 



Rm. 1122. Holzapfel Hall 
405-4357 

Rm. 1210. Benjamin Bldg. 
405-2827 



Rm. 1115. Journalism Bldg. 
405-2380 

Rm. 2334. Health and Human 

Services Bldg. 

405-2455 

Suite 2 101.. VI. P.A Bldg. 
405-6330 



Rm. 4110. Hombake Library 
405-2038 



Rm. 1103. Mill Bldg. 
405-7002 

Rm. 0220. Symons Hall 
405-6938 

Rm. 1112. Mathematics Bldg. 
405-5061 

Rm. 1112. Mathematics Bldg. 
405-5058 

Rm. 1210. Benjamin Bldg. 
405-3624 



Rm. 2168. Engineering 
Classroom Bldg. 
405-4216 

Rm. 2207A. Computer & Space 

Sciences Bldg. 

405-5373 

Rm. 1117. Microbiology Bldg. 
405-5435 

Rm. 1117. Microbiology Bldg. 
405-6991 



Rm. 2110. Tawes Fine Arts 

Bldg. 

405-5560 



A Guide to Graduate Programs 



Nuclear Engineering 
(ENNU) 


M.S.. Ml. I'll 1) 


Nutrition 
(NUTR) 


M.S.. Ph.D. 


Philosophy 

(PHIL) 


M. A. .Ph.D. 


Physics 
(PHYS) 


M.S.. Ph.D. 


Policy Studies 
(POSI) 


Ph.D. 


Poultry Science 
(POUL) 


M.S., Ph.D. 


Psychology 
(PSYC) 


Ph.D. 


Public Management 
(MAPM) 


M.P.M. 


Public Policy 
(MAPP) 


M.P.P. 


Reliability Engineering 
(ENRE) 


M.S., M.E.. Ph.D. 


Russian Language, 
Literature and Linguistics 
(RUSS) 


M.A. 


Sociology 
(SOCY) 


M.A.. Ph.D. 


Spanish Language & 

Literature 

(SPAP) 


M.A.. Ph.D. 


Special Education 
(EDSP) 


M.Ed., M.A., 
Ed.D., Ph.D., 
A.G.S. Certificate 


Speech Communication 
(SPCM) 


M.A.. Ph.D. 


Survey Methodology 
(SURV) 


M.S. 


Sustainable Development & 
Conservation Biology 
(CONS) 


M.S. 



km 2 109 ( hemic al I ngin 
Bldg 

km. J304, Marie Mount Hall 
ins 4521 

km J 160, < omputei & Space 
Science Bl 
405 5693 

km. 1120B, Physics Bldg. 
405 5982 

Suite 2101. Van Munching Hall 
405 6330 

Rm. 31 15, Animal Science Bldg. 
405-577? 

Rm. 1220. Zoology-Psychology 
Bldg. 

405-5865 

Suite 2101, Van Munching Hall 
405-6330 

Suite 2101, Van Munching Hall 
405-6330 

Rm. 2309. Chemical Engineering 

Classroom Bldg. 

405-5209 

Rm. 3215, Jimenez Hall 

405-4091 



Rm. 2103, Art-Sociology Bldg. 
405-6390 

Rm. 2215. Jimenez Hall 
405-6446 



Rm. 1210. Benjamin Bldg. 

405-6515 



Rm. 2130. Skinner Bldg. 

405-6519 

Rm. 1218. LeFrak Hall 

314-7911 

Rm. 1201. Zoology- Psychology 
Bldg. 

405-7409 



8 A Guide to Graduate Programs 



Statistics (see Mathematical 
Statistics above, STAT) 



Systems Engineering 


M.S.. M.E. 


(ENSE) 




Telecommunications 


M.S. 


(ENTS) 




Theatre 


M.A..M.F.A 


(THET) 


Ph.D. 


Toxicology 


M.S., Ph.D. 


(TOXI) 




Zoology 


M.S.. Ph.D. 


(ZOOL) 





Rm. 2172. A.V. Williams Bldg. 
405-6613 

Rm. 2415, A.V. Williams Bldg. 
405-3683 

Rm. 0202, Tawes Fine Arts 

Bldg. 

405-6676 

Rm. 0308, Symons Hall 
405-3919 

Rm. 2231. Zoology-Psychology 

Bldg. 

405-6905 



Contents 



Contents 

Part 1: General Information 

Admission to Graduate School 

General 13 

Criteria for Admission 13 

Eligibility 14 

Categories o( Admission to Degree Programs 14 

Non-degree Admission Categories 15 

Offer of Admission IX 

Change of Status or Program IX 

Termination of Admission IX 

The Admission Process I s 

Admission of Faculty 20 

Application Deadlines - () 

International Students 21 

Records Maintenance and Disposition 22 

Fees and Expenses 

Graduate Fees -- 

Determination of In-State Status for Admission, Tuition and 

Charge-Differential Purposes 23 

Payment of Fees 23 

Refund of Fees 24 

University Refund Statement - 4 

Fellowships, Assistantships and Financial Assistance 

Fellowships -" 

Graduate School Tuition Scholarships - 7 

Assistantships - ' 

Work-Study Program :s 

Loans and Part-time Employment 

Veterans Benefits *° 

Registration and Credits 

-in 

Academic Calendar - w 

Developing a Program * 

Course Numbering System ** 

Designation of Full and Part-time Students M 

• V) 

Minimum Registration Requirements • - 

Miminum Registration Requirements for Doctoral Students *2 

Partial Credit Course Registration for Handicapped Students 52 

The Inter-Campus Student 



1 Contents 



Registration Through the Washington Consortium Arrangement 33 

Graduate Credit for Senior Undergraduates 34 

Undergraduate Credit for Graduate Level Courses 34 

Combined Bachelor's/Master's Programs 35 

Credit by Examination 35 

Transfer of Credit 36 

Criteria that Courses Must Meet to be Accepted for Graduate Credit 36 

Statement on Non-Participation by Students in Class 37 

Exercises that Involve Animals 37 

Course and Credit Changes 37 

Grades for Graduate Students 39 

Computation of Grade Point Average 40 

The Academic Record (Transcripts) 40 

Degree Requirements 

Graduate School Requirements Applicable to all Master's Degrees 41 

Graduate School Requirements for M.A., M.S. 

Thesis Option 41 

Non-thesis Option 43 

Requirements for M.Ed. Degree 43 

Requirements Applicable to Other Master's Degrees 44 

Graduate School Requirements Applicable to All Doctoral Degrees 44 

Graduate School Requirements for the Doctor of Philosophy Degree 45 

Constitution of Dissertation Committee 46 

The Dissertation Committee and the Conduct of the 

Dissertation Defense 47 

Inclusion of Previously Published Materials in a Thesis 

or Dissertation 47 

Requirements for the Degree of Doctor of Education 48 

Requirements for Other Doctoral Degrees 48 

Time Extension Governing Degrees 48 

Waiver of Regulations 49 

Commencement 49 

Facilities and Special Resources 

Location 49 

Special Research Resources 50 

Special Opportunities for Artists 51 

Libraries 51 

Associations, Bureaus, Centers and Institutes 53 

Consortia 71 



Contents 1 1 

Student Services 

Office of Graduate Minority Education 75 

Graduate Legal Aid Office 76 

Graduate Student Government 76 

Graduate Council 77 

Campus Senate 77 

Housing 7X 

Dining Services 7X 

Career Development Center 7X 

Computer Science Center 7K 

Counseling Center SO 

Health Care XI 

Health Insurance X2 

Publications of Interest to Graduate Students X2 

Part 2: Graduate Programs 

Degree Programs S3 

Certificate Programs 245 

Part 3: Graduate Course Descriptions 251 

Part 4: The Graduate Faculty 497 

Part 5: Appendices 587 

University Policy Statements 587 

Policy on Student Participation in Class Exercises 

that Involve Animals 587 

Policies on Non-Discrimination 587 

Policy on Smoking and Guidelines 588 

Resolution on Academic Integrity 589 

Code of Academic Integrity 59 1 

Code of Student Conduct 592 

University Policy on Disclosure of Student Records 592 

Campus Policy and Procedures on Sexual Harassment 598 

Index 599 

Campus Map 604 



1 2 Contents 



Disclaimer 



The provisions of this publication are not to be regarded as a contract between the student 
and the University of Maryland. At the time of the original publication in 1994, every 
reasonable effort was made to attain factual accuracy in the material presented. The catalog is 
not intended to be a complete statement of all procedures, rules and regulations governing 
graduate degree and non-degree programs. The University of Maryland reserves the right to 
make changes in fees, course offerings, and general regulations and requirements without 
prior notice. 

For the most up-to-date information on course offerings, program requirements, and 
deadlines, write or call the department or program to which you are applying. 



Admission to Graduate School 1 3 



General Information 



Admission to Graduate School 

Responsibility for admitting applicants to graduate programs rests with the Dean ol the 
Graduate School. Academic department and program officers along with faculty committees 
review admissions applications and credentials ami make admissions recommendations to the 
Dean. In the cases where credentials were earned abroad, the stall ol the International 
Education Services is consulted. The standards maintained hv the Graduate School and 
individual departments and programs are applied to ensure that applicants admitted to the 
University are well qualified and trained to study at this institution and have a reasonable 
expectation of successfully completing a graduate program. Standards lor admission to 
doctoral degree programs are frequently higher than those lor admission to masters degree- 
programs. In many degree programs, the number of applications received from qualified 
applicants for graduate study regularly exceeds the number of applicants who can be 
accommodated. In such cases, only the most highly qualified are offered admission. The 
number of spaces available in various departments is limited according to the availability of 
faculty, special resources and funds for students requiring financial assistance. 

Criteria for Admission 

Those applicants who have earned or will earn a bachelor's degree at a regionally accredited 
college or university in the United States, or the equivalent of this degree in another countrv . 
will be considered for admission to the Graduate School at UMCP. 

The decision to admit an applicant to a program is based primarily on a combination of the 
following criteria according to the requirements of a specific program or department. 

1 . Quality of previous undergraduate and graduate work. The Graduate School 
normally requires as a minimum standard a B average or 3.0 on a 4.0 scale, in a program of 
study resulting in the award of a baccalaureate degree from a regionally accredited college 
or university. If an applicant has studied at the graduate level elsewhere, less weight may. but 
not necessarily, be placed on the quality of the undergraduate academic record. Some 
programs may require a higher minimum grade average for admission. 

2. Strength of letters of recommendation from persons competent to judge the 
applicant's probable success in graduate school. These letters are usually from the 
applicant's former professors who are able to give an in-depth evaluation of the applicant's 
strengths and weaknesses with respect to academic work. Additional recommendations mav 
come from employers or supervisors who are familiar with the applicant's work experience. 
Applicants should instruct their references to send all letters of recommendation directly to the 
program in which they desire entrance. 

3. Scores on a nationally standardized examination. The three most widely used 
standardized examinations are the Graduate Record Examination (GRE). the Graduate 
Management Admissions Test (GMAT) and the Miller Analogies Test (MAT). Because the 
predictive utility of these test scores may vary from one group of applicants to another, a 
discriminating use of all relevant materials will be made in each applicant's case. For 



1 4 Admission to Graduate School 



information on the programs that require any of these tests, please see the List of Graduate 
programs in this catalog and the instructions that accompany application forms. 

4. Statement by the applicant of academic career objectives and their relation to 
the intended program of study. These statements help the department or program identify 
students whose goals are consonant with its objectives. 

5. Other evidence of graduate potential. Some programs require other evidence of 
graduate potential, such as a portfolio of creative work, completion of specialized 
examinations or personal interviews. 

Notes About Eligibility for Admission 

1. Prospective students may apply for admission to the University of Maryland at 
College Park during or after their final year of undergraduate study but must furnish proof of 
graduation before the end of their first term of enrollment at the University. 

2. Prospective students applying for admission to a graduate degree program in a 
field of specialization in which they already hold that same degree or its equivalent may do so 
only if the previous degree program was of substantially different character or was not 
accredited. 

3. Prospective Summer-only Students applying for entrance in either of the two 
summer sessions should check the Summer Sessions Bulletin to determine if the courses they 
wish to take will be offered. To obtain this publication, write to Summer Sessions Office, 
University of Maryland, College Park, MD 20742-5 121. 

4. a. Non-U. S. Citizens (legal permanent residents of the U.S. and/or immigrants). 
To assure full consideration, all documents not written in English must be accompanied by a 
literal English translation at least three months prior to the first day of classes of the semester 
for which the applicants are seeking admission. 

b. International applicants (i.e., applicants who are not permanent residents of the 
U.S. and/or immigrants) may obtain an application for admissions from the Office of Graduate 
Admissions, Graduate School, University of Maryland, College Park, MD 20742. To assure 
full consideration, applicants with foreign credentials must submit academic records in the 
original language with literal English translations. 

Categories of Admission to Degree Programs 

Applicants for degree programs may be admitted to either full or provisional status as 
outlined below: 

Full Graduate Status 

Students admitted to full graduate status must have submitted official documents indicating 
a completed baccalaureate degree from a regionally accredited institution and be otherwise 
fully qualified in the judgment of the individual program and the Graduate School. 



Admission to Graduate School 1 5 



Provisional Graduate Status 
Students may be admitted to pro> isional status because: 

1. The previous academic record is borderline; oi 

2. The prerequisite coursework in the chosen field is insufficient 

3. The applicant has majored in another held with a creditable record hut has not \ei 
clearly demonstrated abilities in the proposed new held, oi 

4. The applicant has completed the baccalaureate degree hut has not \et submitted 
official verification of the last semester's work and receipt ol the degree. 

Official transcripts indicating receipt ol the degree must be submitted before the end ol the 
first semester. 

Non-degree Admission Categories 

Advanced Graduate Specialist Certificate Status 

The Advanced Graduate Specialist Program is designed to promote a high level of 
professional competence in an area of specialization in the held of education. The candidate 
must be able to show that he or she can operate as an effective counselor, administrator. 
teacher or skilled person in a major field of professional endeavor. The Advanced Graduate 
Specialist Certificate is offered through most of the programs in the College of Education. The 
Certificate is awarded by the College of Education or by the College o\ Agriculture. 
Requirements are as follows: 

1. Applicants must meet the same general criteria for admission as those prescribed 
for degree seekers. Additionally, the applicant must have completed a master's degree or the 
equivalent in credits earned either at the University of Maryland or at another regional!) 
accredited institution. The Miller Analogies Test scores are required at the time ol application. 

2. Coursework totaling not more than 30 credits w ith grades of at least a "B" from an 
accredited institution may be transferred to the program at the University ol Mar) land. 

3. The program must be developed in cooperation w ith an ad\ iser and hied w ith the 
Graduate Studies office in the College of Education. 

4. The Advanced Graduate Specialist Certificate program requires a minimum ol 60 
semester hours of credit with not less than 30 semester hours o\' credit completed with the 
University of Maryland. At least one half of the credits earned either at other institutions or at 
the University of Maryland must be in courses comparable to those in the 600-800 series. The 
student may be required to take a substantial portion o\' the program in departments other than 
those in the College of Education or the College of Agriculture. Registration in certain kinds 
of field study, field experience, apprenticeship or internship ma) also be required. 



1 6 Admission to Graduate School 



There will be a written examination of not less than six hours. A *'B" average with no "D" 
or "F" grades will be required before the certificate can be awarded. 

For additional details see "Statement of Policies and Procedures; Advanced Graduate 
Specialist Program in Education," issued by the College of Education Graduate Studies 
Office, Room 1210, Benjamin Building, University of Maryland. College Park. MD 20742- 
5121. 

Advanced Special Student Status 

The Advanced Special Student Status is designed to provide an opportunity to individuals 
who do not have an immediate degree objective in mind to take graduate level courses. 
Although the primary mission of the Graduate School is to conduct programs of graduate 
instruction leading to advanced degrees, the Graduate Faculty welcomes qualified students 
who have no degree objectives to the extent that resources allow. Unofficial transcripts or 
photocopies of diplomas will be accepted with the application for evaluation purposes, but by 
the end of the first semester of enrollment, the student must submit official copies of all 
required documents. Official transcripts must be submitted from all institutions except the 
University of Maryland, College Park. 

Applicants for admission to Advanced Special Student Status must hold a baccalaureate 
degree from a regionally accredited institution and satisfy one of the following criteria: 

1. Have an overall "B" (3.0) average. Applicants must submit official transcripts 
covering all credits used in satisfying the baccalaureate degree requirements. 

2. Hold a master's or doctoral degree from a regionally accredited institution. 

Applicants must submit an official transcript showing the award of a master's or doctoral 
degree. 

3. Have at least four years of successful post-baccalaureate work or professional 
experience. Applicants must submit an official transcript showing the award of the 
baccalaureate degree. 

4. Achieve a score that places the applicant in the upper 50 percentile of 
appropriate national standardized aptitude examinations such as the Graduate Record 
Examination Aptitude Test, the Miller's Analogies Test, the Graduate Management 
Admissions Test. Where different percentiles are possible, the Graduate School will 
determine which score is acceptable. 

Admission to Advanced Special Student Status will normally continue for five years. If 
there is no registration in three consecutive academic semesters, the admitted status will lapse 
and a new application will be required. 

Advanced Special Students must maintain a 2.75 grade point average. 

Advanced Special Students must pay all standard graduate fees. Students in this status are 
not eligible to hold appointments as Graduate Teaching or Research Assistants or Fellows, or 
receive other forms of financial aid. All other services, e.g., parking, library privileges, etc., 
are the same as those accorded to other graduate students. 



Admission to Graduate School 1 7 



Admission to Advanced Special Student Stains is not intended to be used as a preparatory 
program lor later admission to a doctoral or master's program noi i<> the Advanced < iraduate 
Specialist Certificate program. Consequently, no more than six credits earned while in tins 
status may be applicable to a degree or certificate program at a later time. This is contingent 
on admission to the degree or certificate program and on the approval <>i the facult) in the 
program. For consideration of admission to a degree program at a later time, the student must 
submit a new application. 

Visiting Graduate Student Status 

A graduate student matriculated in another graduate school who wishes to enroll in the 
Graduate School of the University of Maryland at College Park and who intends to return to 
the graduate school in which he or she is matriculated, may be admitted as a Visiting ( iraduate 
Student. 

Criteria for enrollment as a visitor are admission to and good standing in another recognized 
graduate school. The applicant need not submit full transcripts of credits but must apply for 
admission to the UMCP Graduate School and pay the application fee. In lieu of transcripts, a 
student may have the graduate dean of the home institution certify to the Graduate School in 
writing that the student is in good standing and that the credits will be accepted toward the 
graduate degree. Unless otherwise specified, admission will be offered for one year only. 

Golden Identification Card for Senior Citizens of Maryland 

The purpose of this status is to make available without charge courses and services of the 
University's campuses to citizens who are 60 years of age or older, who are residents of the 
State of Maryland and who are retired (retired persons will be considered those who affirm 
that they are not engaged in gainful employment for more than 20 hours per week). People 
meeting these requirements may apply for graduate admission either as degree or nondegree 
students, and they must meet the same admissions criteria pertaining to either category as do 
all applicants. Once admitted and issued the Golden Identification Card, people may register 
for courses in any sessions, subject to the same restrictions as any other student, and use the 
library and other campus facilities during the time they are enrolled in courses. Tuition fees 
will be waived for Golden Identification Card holders. 

Admission to an Institute 

Application for admission to an institute should be made directly to the director of the 
institute. If admission to the Graduate School is also necessary, the decision will be based on 
the same criteria for admitting other degree applicants. Admission to an institute does not 
imply that the individual will be automatically admitted in any other status at the University 
of Maryland at a later date. The status terminates upon completion of the institute in which the 
student was enrolled. A new application must be submitted for admission to any other graduate 
status or program. 

Students already admitted to a regular graduate degree or nondegree status may also qualify 
for participation in an institute. 



1 8 Admission to Graduate School 



Offer of Admission 

Applicants admitted to the Graduate School will receive a written offer of admission from 
the Graduate School that specifies the date of entrance. The offer of admission requires a 
response. If the applicant wishes to accept, decline or change the effective date of the offer, 
the Graduate School must be notified or the offer of admission becomes void. Failure to 
register for the authorized term also voids the offer of admission. If the offer is voided, the 
applicant must submit another application and may be required to submit additional 
credentials in order to be considered for admission in a subsequent semester. 

Graduate students must consult their academic department for precise registration 
information. 

Change of Status or Program 

Students are admitted only to specified programs for specified objectives. New applications 
are required under the following conditions: 

1 . If the student wishes to change programs (students may be admitted to only one 
graduate program at any one time); or 

2. If the student wishes to change status (from nondegree to degree); or 

3. If the student wishes to pursue a new degree objective (change from master's to 
doctoral degree). 

Admission to a new program and/or status is not granted automatically. Each application is 
subject to approval. 

Termination of Admission Status 

A student's admission terminates when the time limits for completion of the degree or 
nondegree status have been exceeded or when the student is no longer in "good standing." 
Students must maintain an average grade of B or better in all graduate courses taken and must 
otherwise satisfy all additional departmental and Graduate School program requirements. The 
admission of all students, both degree and nondegree, is continued at the discretion of the 
major professor, the department or program director and the Dean of the Graduate School. 

The Admission Process 

To be considered for admission to the University of Maryland College Park Graduate 
School each applicant must obtain and complete the application form following all 
instructions. An application may be obtained by writing directly to the Graduate School, 2107 
Lee Building, University of Maryland, College Park, MD 20742-5121. 

Each applicant must submit the following items in order to be considered for admission: 

1. A completed application form. 

2. An application fee of $40.00 dollars. 



Admission to Graduate School 1 9 



3. Two complete sets ol transcripts reflecting all undergraduate and graduate work 
elected or in progress. Each transcript musl bear the signature ol the registrai and the seal ol 
the granting institution and should include the years of attendance, courses taken, grades 
received, class standing and the degree, certificate or diploma received, li the applicant 
attended UMCP, the Graduate School will obtain your records <>l courses completed <>n the 
College Park campus. To facilitate the processing ami review ol an application, send two sots 
of unofficial copies of transcripts from institutions other than the University ol Maryland 
College Park Campus. Official copies of those transcripts are required before lull admission 
can be granted. 

4. Three letters of recommendation submitted by professors or others who can assess 
the quality of the applicant's academic performance and scholastic potential. Letters ol 
recommendation should be sent directly to the academic department in which the applicant is 
interested. Be certain that the applicant's full name is included on each recommendation 

5. Each applicant must prepare a 300-500 word statement of her/his goals and 
objectives in pursuing graduate study. 

6. Standardized Test Scores. Many departments and programs require applicants to 
submit scores of standardized examinations, such as the Graduate Record Examination 
(GRE), the Graduate Management Admission Test (GMAT) or the Miller Analogies Test 
(MAT). To determine if one of these examinations is required for admission to the department 
or program to which you are applying, please consult the listing at the end of the brochure. II 
standardized test scores are required, you may write to the following addresses lor further 
information: 

Graduate Record Examinations 

P.O. Box 6000 Educational Testing Services 

Princeton, NJ 08541-6004 USA 

Graduate Management Admissions Test 

Box 966 

Princeton, NJ 08541 USA 

Miller Analogy Test 
Psychological Corporation 
555 Academic Court 
San Antonio, TX 78204 

Examination scores should be sent directly to the department or program to which you are 
applying. The UMCP institutional code for the GRE and GMAT is 5814. 

7. Departmental Requirements. Some departments and programs require 
additional information such as a portfolio or other supplementary materials. It is important that 
applicants contact the department or program to which they are applying for information 
concerning additional admission requirements. Failure to do so may result in an application 
not being considered. 



20 Admission to Graduate School 



Calculation of Grade Point Average 

All applicants must calculate separate grade point averages for the following categories: (1) 
all courses taken for the baccalaureate; (2) all credits earned after the first 60 credits for the 
baccalaureate; (3) credits that constitute the undergraduate major; and (4) all credits taken 
beyond the bachelor's degree. All grades are to be converted to a four-point grading system. 
Pass/fail, satisfactory, completed credit and similar grades are not included in these 
calculations. Except as already noted, all numerical, alphabetical or equivalent grades must be 
calculated as follows: 

a. Multiply quarter credit hours by (.66) to convert to semester credit hours. 

b. Multiply the number of semester credit hours for each course by the number of 
quality or honor points earned, as follows: A=4; B=3; C=2; D=l; F=0. 

c. Divide the total number of quality points by the total number of semester credit 
hours. The quotient will be your grade point average. 

Admission of Faculty 

No member of the faculty who is employed by the University of Maryland at College Park 
and has the rank of assistant professor or above is permitted to enroll in a program leading to 
an advanced degree in his/her academic college or school. A faculty member who wishes to 
take coursework for personal enrichment in his/her academic college or school may choose to 
investigate the Advanced Special Student status. A faculty member who wishes to pursue an 
advanced degree in a department or program outside of his/her academic college or school 
may do so by obtaining written permission from the Dean of the Graduate School, subsequent 
to obtaining written consent from the Deans from both the academic college/school in which 
he/she is employed and from which he/she seeks a degree. 

Application Deadlines 

Applicants should pay special attention to the deadlines listed in each application booklet. 
It is generally to the applicant's advantage to apply well before the published deadline, 
particularly if the applicant wishes to be considered for fellowships, assistantships or other 
forms of financial aid. The Graduate School recommends that applicants time the submission 
of their applications, transcripts and letters of recommendation to arrive before the published 
deadline dates. Applicants are solely responsible for making certain their transcripts have been 
received by the Graduate School, 

If possible, the application should arrive before the transcripts and other supporting 
evidence of preparation if these materials cannot be attached to the application. Application 
deadline information for the Fall and Spring Semesters is listed below: 

1. Domestic students: Each department, in consultation with the Graduate School, 
sets its own deadlines for Fall and Spring semester entrances for U.S. citizens, 
resident aliens and refugees. 



Admission to Graduate School 21 



2. International Students: All citizens ol Foreign countries must submit applications 
for admission by the following dates: 

a. Fall-February I of prior academic year (unless the department in which you are 

interested sets an earlier deadline). 

b. Spring-June I of prior academic year. 
Summer School 

Students applying for entrance in either of the two summer sessions arc urged to check the 
Summer Sessions Bulletin to determine if the courses they wish to take will be offered in a 
particular session. To obtain this publication, write to Summer Sessions Oil ice. I Iniversit) ol 
Maryland, College Park, MD 20742. 

International Students 

Foreign students seeking admission to the University of Maryland should not plan to leave 
their country before receiving an official offer of admission from the Graduate School. 

1. All citizens of foreign countries must submit applications for admission in 
accordance with stated deadlines. (See above.) 

2. Special Notes for International Students: 

a. Academic Credentials: To assure full consideration, complete application and 
official transcripts or mark sheets in the original language with literal English 
translations should be received in the Graduate Admissions Office prior to 
stated deadlines. 

b. English Proficiency: Applicants must demonstrate English language 
proficiency by taking the Test of English as a Foreign Language (TOEFL) 
since all foreign students are expected to read, speak, understand and write 
English fluently. 

c. Financial Resources: Each applicant must furnish a statement of financial 
status to the Office of International Education Services. The amount required 
for tuition and living expenses each year will be indicated in the Graduate 
Application. 

d. Immigration Documents: Applicants admitted for graduate study will be 
issued the necessary forms to obtain appropriate student immigration status. 

e. Non-U.S. Citizens should address any questions to International Education 
Services, University of Maryland, College Park, MD 20742, USA. 



22 Fees and Expenses 



Reporting Upon Arrival 

Every foreign student is expected to report to the Office of International Education Services 
in the Mitchell Building as soon as possible after arrival at the University. This Office will be 
able to assist not only with various problems regarding immigration, housing and fees, but also 
with problems relating generally to orientation to university and community life. Questions 
concerning criteria and requirements for foreign applicants should be addressed to 
International Education Services, University of Maryland, College Park, MD 20742. 

Records Maintenance and Disposition 

All records including academic records from other institutions, become part of the official 
file and can neither be returned nor duplicated for any purpose. Students should obtain an 
additional copy of their official credentials to keep in their possession for advisory purposes 
and for other personal requirements. 

The admission credentials and the application data of applicants are retained for 18 months 
only and then destroyed in the following cases: 1) Applicants who do not register for courses 
at the time for which they have been admitted; 2) Those whose applications have been 
disapproved; 3) Applicants who do not respond to the departmental requests for additional 
information; and 4) Those whose applications are not complete with respect to the receipt of 
all transcripts or test results. 



Fees and Expenses 

Application Fee $40.00 

A non-refundable $40 application fee and a separate application must be submitted for each 
program in which entrance is sought. 

The University is pleased to waive the application fee if the student has been admitted to 
and has attended the University of Maryland, College Park Graduate School previously. 

Tuition Per Credit Hour: (Academic year 1994-95) 

Resident Student $210.00 

Non-Resident Student . $365.00 

Students admitted to the Graduate School must pay graduate tuition fees whether or not the 
credit will be used to satisfy program requirements. A graduate student who wishes to audit a 
course must pay the usual graduate tuition. 

Mandatory Graduate Fees 

Students taking one to eight credits $109.00 

Students taking nine or more credits $ 1 83.50 



Fees and Expenses 23 



The fees listed Ikmv are those charged at the time ilus Catalog went to press and are offered 
as a general guide. They are subject to change. Ices charged in a particular semester, as well 
as (he breakdown of "Mandatory Ires." are published in the Schedule n\ ( 7</ss<\ fol that 
semester. 

Determination of In-State Status for Admission, Tuition and Charge-Differential 
Purposes 

An initial determination of in-state status lor admission, tuition and charge differential 
purposes will be made by the University at the time a student's application for admission is 
under consideration. The determination made at that time and an\ determination made 
thereafter shall prevail in each semester until the determination is successfully challenged in 
a timely manner. Please be advised that all students who were originally classified as out ol 
state students when they began their studies at the University of Maryland (College Park) 
retain that classification unless they file a petition lor in-state status with the campus 
Residency Classification Office. The deadline for meeting all requirements for an in-state 
status and for submitting all documents for reclassification is the last day of late registration 
for the semester the student wishes to be classified as an in-state student. 

The volume of requests for reclassification may necessitate a delay in completing the review 
process. It is hoped that a decision in each case will be made within ninety (90> days of a 
request for determination. During this period of time, or any further period of time required by 
the University, fees and charges based on the previous determination must be paid. If the 
determination is changed, any excess fees and charges will be refunded. 

Persons who are interested in obtaining a copy of the Policy for Student Residency 
Classification or who want assistance with their classification should contact: Office of 
Residency Classification, Room 0405B Marie Mount Hall, University of Maryland. College 
Park, Maryland 20742-5 121. 

Payment of Fees (See Schedule of Classes for detailed information) 

Registration is not completed or official until all financial obligations are satisfied. 
Although the University regularly mails bills to students, it cannot assume responsibility lor 
their receipt. If a student does not receive a bill on or before the beginning oi each semester. 
it is the student's responsibility to obtain a copy of the bill at Room 1 103. Lee Building. 8:3f> 
4:15, Monday through Friday. 

The University of Maryland offers deferred payment plans effective Fall 1991. For 
information on the tuition plan, call 1-800-343-0911. Please Note: Payments lor student 
accounts may be made by Visa or Mastercard. Credit card payments may be made in person 
or by mail. Phone-in payments can be accepted be calling 403-4641 . 

It is the policy of the University not to defer payment on the basis of a pending application 
for financial assistance to an outside agency, including Veterans Administration benefits, bank 
loans, guaranteed student loan programs, etc. 

Students will be severed from University services for delinquent indebtedness to the 
University. In the event that severance occurs, the individual may make payment during the 



24 Fees and Expenses 



semester in which services were severed and all services except housing will be restored. A 5 
percent Late Payment Fee and a $25.00 Severance of Service Fee will be assessed if payment 
due dates are not followed. 

State of Maryland legislation has established a State Central Collections Unit, and in 
accordance with State law, the University is required to turn over all delinquent accounts to 
that office for collection and subsequent legal action. The minimum Collection Fee is 15 
percent plus any attorney and/or court costs. 

Refund of Fees 

A Cancellation of Registration submitted to the Registrations Office before the official first 
day of classes entitles the student to a full credit or refund of semester tuition and fees. 

After classes begin students who wish to terminate their registration must follow the 
withdrawal procedures stated in the Schedule of Classes. Students will find the necessary 
forms for withdrawal in the Records Office. The effective date used in computing refunds is 
the date the withdrawal form is filed. "Stop Payment" on a check, failure to pay the semester 
bill, or failure to attend classes does not constitute withdrawal. 

A student must file a request for a refund with the Office of the Bursar or any credit on the 
student account will automatically be carried over to the next semester. 

Students withdrawing from the University will be credited for tuition in accordance with the 
following schedule: 



Period from date 
Instruction begins 

Two weeks or less 

Between two and three weeks 

Between three and four weeks 

Between four and five weeks 

Over five weeks 



Refundable tuition only 
(Additional fees non-refundable) 

80% 

60% 

40% 

20% 

No refund 



University Refund Statement 

Tuition, refundable fees and refundable deposits are authorized for refund only if the student 
completes the prescribed withdrawal procedures or is dismissed from the University. 
Residence Hall and Dining Services charges are authorized for refund only if the student 
completes the prescribed residence hall and dining services contract release procedures. Please 
refer to current Schedule of Classes for complete refund information and procedures. 



Fellowships, Assistantships and Financial Assistance 25 



Fellowships, Assistantships and Financial Assistance 

The University of Maryland recognizes the high com oi education today and makes ever) 
effort to offer financial assistance to qualified students through a varief) ol programs. Seventy 
percent of all full-time graduate students receive financial support, which ma) include 

remission of tuition lees, teaching and research assistantships. work stud) support, and 
University and state fellowships. Referrals for on-campus or area employment opportunities 
for students and students' spouses are also available m various departments and in specific 
student service centers on campus. 

Admission to a graduate degree program is a prerequisite lor the award of a teachj 
research assistantship, a fellowship, a traineeship, a loan or a work-study award. Please he sure 
that all required documents for your application lor admission, as well as the application lor 
departmental financial support, have been submitted. Some awards are made on the basis ol 
the applicant's academic merit, others on the basis of need. 

There are three campus units that administer the primary forms of financial support: the 
Graduate School, the individual programs and the Office of Student Financial Aid. The 
Graduate School processes applications for the Other Race Grants (application (.leadlines: 
early November and May). The Graduate School also has a Fellowship Information Office that 
lists fellowship opportunities from government agencies, foundations and industr\ . 

The individual programs and departments award graduate teaching and research 
assistantships (priority application deadline: March 1) and nominate students for tuition 
scholarships and Graduate School Fellowships (to be considered for nomination, apply by 
February 1). 

The Office of Student Financial Aid (OSFA) exists to assist students in financing their 
college or graduate education. To determine eligibility for financial aid, a student must first 
apply for financial aid by completing the Free Application for Federal Student Aid (FAFSA). 
These forms are available at any college or university, or by request from the UMCP Office 
of Student Financial Aid in early December. UMCP students need to complete only the 
FAFSA to be considered for federal, state (if Maryland resident), and institutional aid 
programs. February 15th is UMCP's priority application deadline each year. Completed 
FAFSA received at the processor by this date will be considered for the widest array of aid 
options. Applications received after February 15th will be considered for aid on a funds 
available basis. The University of Maryland at College Park (#002103) must be included in 
the College Release section of the FAFSA in order for the processed information to be sent to 
UMCP. These forms take approximately four week to process and need to be completed ever) 
year, even if a student has applied for aid before. In addition, a financial transcript (FAT) will 
be needed from each and every post-secondary institution the student has attended, even if no 
aid was received. (Students may also apply for aid for the summer sessions if they will be 
taking at least 6 credits, 24 units. To apply for summer aid, students should contact OSFA in 
mid-February prior to the start of the summer sessions.) 

A more detailed description of the various forms of financial assistance is given below. 



26 Fellowships, Assistantships and Financial Assistance 



Fellowships 

A fellowship is an award bestowed on a student who displays academic merit and promise. 
Fellowships are awarded only to students admitted to a degree program at UMCP who are 
willing to devote full-time to their study. All fellowship applicants must be admitted to a 
degree program in the Graduate School on a full-time basis to be eligible. Departments 
nominate students for the various fellowships; students should try to submit all material for 
admission by February 1 since the Fellowship competition for new students is held in February 
and March. 

Graduate School Fellowships and Grants. The Graduate School awards over 300 
fellowships to students with outstanding academic records. These fellowships are awarded 
annually on a competitive basis. Students cannot apply directly for the award; rather, they 
must be nominated by the department in which they intend to enroll. The minimum stipend is 
$10,000 for the 1994-95 academic year; fellows also receive remission of tuition of up to 12 
credits per semester in the academic year. 

The standard application for departmental financial aid will serve as an application for this 
fellowship program and should be submitted directly to the department in which admission is 
sought. Awards are based solely on academic merit. Fellowships may be awarded to any 
qualified in-state, out-of-state, or international student. 

Minority Awards. Of the 350 Graduate School Fellowships awarded, approximately 75 
were awarded to Black Graduate Students and 10 were awarded to Hispanic/Latinos and 
Native American Indians. In addition, approximately 50 Black graduate students and 10 other 
underrepresented minorities are supported on full grants from the Graduate School with 10 
credits remission of tuition and a stipend of $9,900 for the academic year. 

Multi-year support is offered to approximately 80% of Black graduate students and to 
approximately 60% of other underrepresented minorities who enroll full-time in a master's or 
doctoral program. For all awards, students must be nominated by their departments. 

Other Race Grants. This grant is intended to increase the participation of black students in 
graduate education at the College Park campus. Students who are first-year students and 
students in disciplines in which African-Americans are underrepresented will be given 
preference. 

Applicants for the Other Race grant must: 

1 . Be citizens or permanent resident aliens Who are classified as Maryland residents; 

2. Be admitted as degree-seeking students; 

3. Be willing to devote full-time to their study if maximum award amount is offered. 

4. Be able to demonstrate special merit or need. 

The individual educational grants vary, and have ranged from $200 - $10,400. Tuition is 
also remitted for up to 10 credits per semester. Students may apply for reappointment on a 



Fellowships, Assistantships and Financial Assistance 27 



yearly basis for up to three years. Additional details and application materials are available 

from the Fellowship Office of the Graduate School. 

Other Fellowships. The University of Maryland at College Park has several govemmeni 
and privately funded and endowed fellowships which arc bandied independently through the 
departments and colleges. Our graduate students are supported on Departmenl oi Defense 
Rotoreraft Fellowships, Ford Foundation Fellowships, Jacob Javits Fellowships, Patricia 

Roberts Harris Fellowships. National Needs Fellowships, National Science Foundation 
Fellowships, IBM Fellowships, Martin Marietta Fellowships, Woodrov* Wilson Minority 
Access Fellowships, to name just a few. In addition, there are joint Fellowship programs 
between several departments and some of the federal agencies, such as the National Institutes 
of Health, NASA, and the National Institute of Science and Technology. 

Some of these fellowships are won independently by students in National competition; 
others are awarded directly to the colleges or departments, which then select student 
recipients. Students submitting applications for admission to graduate programs will be 
considered for such awards as appropriate; no additional application forms are required. Some 
special campus-wide awards are made by the Graduate Council Committee on fellowships. 
The Phi Delta Gamma, Sigma Chapter, Graduate Fellowship Award, is given annually as a 
supplement to a Graduate School Fellowship. The recipient is selected by the Graduate 
Council Committee on Fellowships from among the students already enrolled in a graduate 
degree program at UMCP who are nominated for a fellowship for continuing students. The 
award is given to the student who best exemplifies the spirit of interdisciplinary focus in 
research and/or who is a graduate member of Phi Delta Gamma. The award is granted for 
unrestricted support for education expenses. 

Graduate School Tuition Scholarships 

First-time graduate students in degree programs who are residents of the state of Maryland 
and have an undergraduate GPA of 3.75 or better from an accredited American college or 
university may ask their departments to nominate them for a Graduate Tuition Scholarship. 
Students who believe they qualify for the scholarship should mark the appropriate space on 
the departmental^ administered financial aid form. Departments may have additional criteria, 
e.g., full-time status, for nomination of students in their program. Tuition scholarships are 
awarded on a first-come, first-serve basis for as long as funds are available. 

Assistantships 

Offers of assistantships, which are made by the individual departments, are contingent upon 
the applicant's admission into a graduate degree program by the Graduate School. 
Departments may set additional criteria. In addition to remission o\' tuition of ten credits per 
semester, assistantships carry 9.5 or 12-month stipends ranging from $9,900 to $12,924 as 
during the 1994-95 academic year. 

Graduate assistants pay tuition at the in-state rate only for those semesters when they hold 
a graduate assistant position on campus. Once the assistantship ends, the student will be 
charged tuition at the out-of-state rate unless a petition is filed for in-state status (see 
Determination of In-State Status for Tuition). 



28 Fellowships, Assistantships and Financial Assistance 



Graduate Teaching Assistantships are available to qualified graduate students in many 
departments and programs. Applications for assistantships should be made directly to the 
department in which the applicant will study. 

Graduate Research Assistantships, with comparable stipends, are available in some 
departments on a 10 or 12-month basis. For information, contact the individual department or 
program. 

Resident Graduate Assistantships are also available in limited numbers. These 
assistantships include a 1 2 month stipend and tuition remission in exchange for part-time work 
in undergraduate residence halls as Residence Halls staff members. These Resident 
Assistantships are open to both men and women. Applications for a Resident Graduate 
Assistantship should be made to the Office of Human Resources, Department of Resident 
Life, Cumberland Hall, University of Maryland, College Park, MD 20742. 

Administrative Assistantships. Many offices on campus currently offer graduate assistant 
positions. For further information, contact the Fellowships Office, the individual office or 
department, or check employment announcements in the glass cases across from the bank in 
the Stamp Union. These employment announcements can also be found posted on the second 
floor of the Lee Building. 

Work-Study Program 

The College Work-Study Program, through the Office of Student Financial Aid (OSFA), 
offers part-time opportunities for students who demonstrate sufficient financial need. 
Graduate students who are awarded work-study and accept it are sent work authorization 
forms stating the amount they can earn during the academic year. Job openings will be listed 
at the Job Referral Service (JRS), Room 0119 Hornbake Building, South Wing. The student 
is responsible for visiting the JRS to review job listings and for setting up interviews with 
those departments where they are interested in working. Once hired, they must submit a Work 
Authorization Form to the hiring department and give a copy of the form to the JRS. The 
student and job supervisor must both agree on the student's work schedule, which must not 
conflict with the student's class schedule. Contact the JRS at 314-8324 for more information 
about the College Work-Study Program. 

Loans and Part-Time Employment 

Federal Perkins Loan: This is a low interest rate (5 percent) loan for undergraduate and 
graduate students with exceptional financial need who attend at least three-quarter time. This 
is a loan borrowed from the school, and it must be -paid back. To be eligible, you must meet 
OSFA's priority application deadline of February 15. The amount of the award will depend 
upon the student's need, and may range from $200 to $1,200, depending on the amount of 
Federal Perkins funds UMCP receives from the government to divide among deserving 
students. New borrowers (those who first receive a Federal Perkins Loan after July 1, 1988) 
have a grace period of 9 months after graduating or leaving school before they must begin 
repaying their Federal Perkins Loans. Interest will begin accruing at the time of repayment. 
You are not responsible for paying the interest on the loan while you are attending school. 



Fellowships, Assistantships and Financial Assistance 29 



Federal Stafford Loan: I his is a low interest raic loan t « >r undergraduate studenl 
attend at least half-time. Application is made firsl through the school financial aid office 

the FAFSA, then through the lending institution ol youi choice (hank <>r credil uni 
Eligibility for this loan is based on need, not credit history. 1 his loan is borrowed h\ you 

must he paid hack h> you. There are two types oi federal Stafford Loans, subsidiz ' 
unsubsidized. You musl demonstrate financial need to receive a subsidized loan and you 
not have to pa\ the interest on u while you are in school. .Students who do not demonstJ 
financial \k-l\\. or who do not demonstrate sufficient need to borrow a subsidized loan, n 
borrow an unsubsidized Stafford Loan, [fyou borrow with an unsubsidized loan you will 
responsible for paying the interest which accrues during school attendance. You maj 
pa) the interest as you go through school or you may have it capitalized, which means n 
he added to the original amount of the loan. Be aware, however, that capitalized intei 
up fast: four years of capitalized interest can increase your loan amount h\ 509! , 

For loans made on or after July 1. 1994. the rate will he the T-hill plus 3.10' \ with a 
Repayment will begin at the end of the 6 month grace period granted to you al 
graduation, or from the date you first drop below half-time credit status. The maximum ' 
amount for graduate students is $8.5000 with an aggregate limit of $65.5000 that includes 
Stafford Loans received at the undergraduate level. The aggregate limit for the additional 
unsubsidized eligibility is S73.000. If you do not demonstrate need to borrow the maximum 
through the subsidized Federal Stafford Loan, you may borrow the difference in a Fed 
Unsubsidized Stafford Loan. 

In addition, the Senate has passed the Student Loan Reform Act of 1993 that will abolish 
the Federal Supplemental Loan for Students | SLS > program. As a result, the annual limits 
the unsubsidized Federal Stafford Loan will be increased to $10,000 for graduate students. 

The proceeds of these loans must be disbursed in two or more disbursements regardless of 
the dollar amount or length of the period of enrollment or w hich the loan is made. None of 
these installments may exceed more than one-half of the loan amount. The second installment 
may not be disbursed until at least one-half the loan period has elapsed. Lenders will send the 
loan checks to the Office of the Bursar for release to students. If you are borrow ing > our first 
Federal Stafford Loan at UMCP you will not be permitted to receive your first check until you 
have attended an "Entrance Interview" in which you will learn about your rights and 
responsibilities as a borrower. Origination and guarantee fees, now totalling no more than 3 
percent as a result of the 1993 Loan Reform Act. will automatically be deducted b\ the lender 
and guarantee agency from each semester's disbursement amount. Students may. however, 
experience charges up to 1 percent for insurance premiums on their loans. By signing the loan 
check, the borrower agrees to pay these fees. 

The Free Applications for Federal Student Aid and the Stafford Loan application can he 
obtained at the Public Inquiry counter of the Office of Student Financial Aid. Room 0110 Lee 
Building. For more detailed information, please contact OSFA at (301) 314-8313. 

OSFA Graduate Peer Counselor Program 

The Office of Student Financial Aid has created a new program to improve the quality of 
service to students who need assistance with financial aid. After successfully completing the 
application and interview process, graduate student will be fully trained in all oftice 



30 Registration and Credits 



procedures and policies. The graduate peer counselors will perform a variety of duties 
including assisting the full-time staff with counseling duties and providing assistance at the 
Public Inquiry counter. For more information and an application, contact the Office of Student 
Financial Aid, 01 10 Lee Building, (301) 314-8313. 

Job Referral Service. The Job Referral Service, an extension of the Office of Student 
Financial Aid, serves without charge as a clearinghouse for students seeking part-time, 
temporary and summer employment opportunities. Positions are available both on and off 
campus. All currently enrolled University of Maryland at College Park or University College 
students seeking work are welcome to visit the office and consult referral lists. Additional 
information may be obtained from Room 3120 of the Hornbake Building, South Wing, or by 
calling 314-8324. 

Veterans Benefits 

Students who attend the University under the Veteran's Education Assistance Act may 
receive assistance and enrollment certification at the Veterans Certification Office in Rm. 
1118 Mitchell Building. The staff is available to help with monthly educational assistance 
checks as well as other benefits such as tutoring assistance. Telephone 314-8237. 



Registration and Credits 

Registration for courses is ongoing during most of the time that the University is in session. 
Information concerning registration procedures, deadlines and current tuition and expenses is 
found in the Schedule of Classes, published regularly by the Office of Registration and 
Records. Students interested in summer session courses should obtain the Summer Session 
Schedule of Classes, from the Office of Summer Sessions, Reckord Armory, 405-655 1 . 

Academic Calendar 

The Academic Calendar is printed in the Schedule of Classes for each semester. The 
Graduate School has an "Important Dates" card for graduate students, which lists deadlines 
for submitting requirements for degrees in a particular academic year. 

Developing a Program 

The student is responsible for ascertaining and complying with the rules and procedures of 
the Graduate School and all applicable department or graduate program requirements that 
govern the individual program of study. 

Registration for the newly admitted graduate student seeking a degree or certificate begins 
with a visit to the student's academic adviser in the graduate program or department to which 
the student has been admitted. There the student will obtain information about specific degree 
or certificate requirements that supplement those of the Graduate School. 

The student will consult the Schedule of Classes and will develop an individual program of 
study and research in consultation with a graduate faculty adviser. 



Registration and Credits 31 



Students admitted to Advanced Special Status ma) sock advice from the Office ol the 
of the Graduate School or from appropriate faculty members. 

The Associate Dean for Graduate Student Allans is the individual to whom reque 
petitions for exceptions or waivers ol regulations or graduate degree requirements should be 
addressed and to whom appeals of decisions of departmental or program facult) Ol 

administrators should he directed. 

Course Numbering System 
Courses are designated as follows: 
000-099 Non-credit courses. 
100-199 primarily first-year cours 
200-299 primarily sophomore courses. 

300-399 Junior and senior courses not acceptable for credit toward graduate 
degrees. 

400-499 Junior and senior courses acceptable for credit toward some graduate 
degrees. 

500-599 professional school courses (Dentistry. Law. Medicine) and post- 
baccalaureate courses not for graduate degree credit. 

600-898 Courses restricted to graduate students. 

799 Master's thesis credit. 

899 Doctoral dissertation credit. 

The first character of the numeric position determines the level of the course and the last t w o 
digits are used for course identification. Courses ending with an 8 or 9 are the courses that are 
repeatable for credit. 

Designation of Full and Part-time Graduate Students 

In order to reflect accurately the involvement of graduate students in their programs of study 
and research and the use of University resources in those programs, the Graduate School uses 
the graduate unit in making calculations to determine full or part-time student status in the 
administration of the minimum registration requirements described below and in responding 
to student requests for certification of full-time student status. The number of graduate units 
per semester credit hour is calculated in the following manner: 

Courses in the series: 000-399 carry 2 units/credit hour. 

Courses in the series: 400-499 carry 4 units/credit hour. 



32 Registration and Credits 



Courses in the series: 500-599 carry 5 units/credit hour. 

Courses in the series: 600-898 carry 6 units/credit hour. 

Research course: 799 carries 12 units/credit hour. 

Research course: 899 carries 1 8 units/credit hour. 

To be certified as full-time, a graduate student must be officially registered for a 
combination of courses equivalent to 48 units per semester. Graduate assistants holding 
regular appointments are full-time students if they are registered for at least 24 units in 
addition to the assistantship. Audited courses do not generate graduate units and cannot be 
used in calculating full-time or part-time status. 

Minimum Registration Requirements 

All graduate students, masters and doctoral, making any demand upon the academic or 
support services of the University, whether taking courses, using University libraries, 
laboratories, computer facilities, office space or housing, consulting with faculty advisers, 
taking comprehensive or final oral examinations, or filing a diploma application, must register 
for the number of graduate units that will, in the faculty adviser's judgment, accurately reflect 
the student's involvement in graduate study and use of University resources. In no case will 
registration be for less than one credit. 

Minimum Registration Requirements for Doctoral Candidates 

Doctoral students who have been advanced to candidacy must register each semester, except 
summer sessions, until the degree is awarded. 

Dissertation Research 

Those who have not completed the required semester credit hours of Dissertation Research 
(899) must register for a minimum of one credit of research each semester. (See the following 
sections for specific doctoral degree registration requirements.) Doctoral candidates whose 
demands upon the University are greater than that represented by this minimum registration 
will be expected to register for the number of units that reflects their use of University 
resources. 

Partial Credit Course Registration for Handicapped Students 

The Graduate School recognizes that students with documented physical handicaps may 
derive considerable educational benefit from courses that include laboratories or other non- 
classroom activities in which the student is prevented from participating because of the 
handicap. Therefore, it is the Graduate School's policy to allow handicapped students to enroll 
in such courses, complete only those parts of the course that their physical capabilities permit, 
and receive credit for the course proportionate to their levels of participation. 

Physically handicapped graduate students who wish to enroll in such courses but participate 
only in certain aspects of them should consult the Associate Dean for Student Affairs in the 
Graduate School. The Dean will assist the student in making the necessary arrangements with 



Registration and Credits 33 



the department offering the course, the department supervising the student's graduate program 
and the Registration Office. The final agreement as to the student's level ol participation and 
the amount of credit to be awarded will be specified in an agreement to be drawn up b> the 
Graduate School and signed by all parties concerned. 

The Inter-Campus Student 

A student admitted to the Graduate School on any campus ol the I niversit) ol Maryland is 

eligible to take courses on any other campus of the I [niversit) ol Mar) land u ith the approval 
of the academic adviser and the graduate deans on the home and host campuses. ( rediis earned 
on a host campus are considered resident credit at the home campus and mas meet all degree 
requirements with adviser approval. Transcripts of courses taken at another campus will be 
maintained on the home campus and tees will be paid to the home campus, [onus for 
registration as an inter-campus student may be obtained from the Graduate School offices on 
any campus of the University. 

Registration Through the Washington Consortium Arrangement 

The University of Maryland at College Park is a member of the Consortium of Universities 
of the Washington Metropolitan Area. Other institutions currently associated with the 
consortium include American University, The Catholic University of America, the University 
of the District of Columbia, Gallaudet College, George Mason University, Georgetown 
University, George Washington University, Howard University, Marymount College. Mount 
Vernon College and Trinity College. Students enrolled in these institutions are able to attend 
certain classes at the other campuses and have the credit considered "residence" credits at their 
own institutions and grades are calculated into the student's GPA. The consortium permits 
both undergraduate and graduate students to participate in programs such as the Research 
Fellows Program and the National Institute for Citizen Education in the Law. The policies 
governing registration through the Consortium Arrangement are listed below. Note: Tuition 
remissions awarded to graduate assistants and fellows may not be used to pa) for consortium 
courses at other universities. Graduate assistants and fellows must pay for any courses they 
take under the consortium arrangement. 

UMCP Graduate Students 

1. UMCP degree-seeking graduate students may take courses at other consortium 
schools, which are to be treated as UMCP residence credits with the approval of the Director 
of Graduate Studies of the degree program in which they are enrolled. 

2. No more than 25 percent of the course credits required for the UMCP graduate 
degree may be taken at other consortium schools through the consortium arrangement. 
Practica, internships, workshops and similar experiential learning courses cannot be taken at 
other consortium schools. 

3. Significant factors to be considered by the Director of Graduate Studies ma\ 
include but are not limited to: 

a. Unavailability of a similar or comparable course at UMCP within a reasonable 
time frame. Mere convenience is not adequate justification. 



34 Registration and Credits 



b. Possible enhancement of the student's overall program in a way not possible 
at UMCP, as by the presence of unique faculty or the availability of a course 
not offered at UMCP. 

c. The level and content of the course, including the nature of prerequisite 
coursework. 

Visiting Students 

1. Students from other consortium schools may register for UMCP courses on a 
space-available basis beginning with the first day of classes. 

2. Courses for majors in departments or colleges at UMCP that have selective 
admission programs will not normally be available to students from other consortium schools. 

3. Students from other consortium schools are expected to meet all prerequisites for 
UMCP courses for which they wish to enroll. 

4. Students from other consortium schools will not normally be permitted to register 
for practica, workshops, internships and other experiential courses at UMCP. 

5. Students from other consortium schools who have previously applied for 
admission to a UMCP graduate degree program and have been denied admission will be 
permitted to register for graduate courses in that program only with the specific approval of 
the Director of Graduate Studies of the program. 

6. Students from other consortium schools who have been dismissed from UMCP for 
disciplinary or financial reasons will not be permitted to enroll in courses at UMCP under the 
consortium arrangement. 

Graduate Credit for Senior Undergraduates 

A senior in the final semester at UMCP who is within seven credit hours of completing the 
requirements for an undergraduate degree may, with the approval of the undergraduate dean, 
the department or program offering the course, and the Graduate School, obtain graduate 
credit for graduate courses 600 and above. Courses numbered as 400 level are undergraduate 
courses which are considered part of the undergraduate degree and will not be approved for 
graduate credit when taken by an undergraduate. Normally, a 3.0 grade point average for all 
courses is required for students seeking to exercise this option. Courses elected through this 
program may later be counted for graduate credit toward an advanced degree at the University 
if the student is offered admission to the Graduate School. The total of undergraduate and 
graduate courses must not exceed 15 credits for the semester. Excess credits in the senior year 
cannot be used for graduate credit unless proper prearrangement is made. Seniors who wish to 
register for graduate credit can receive information about the procedure from the Graduate 
School, Office of the Associate Dean for Student Affairs, 2125 Lee Building. 

Undergraduate Credit for Graduate Level Courses 

Subject to requirements determined by the graduate faculty members of the department or 
program offering the course, undergraduate students may register for graduate level courses. 



Registration and Credits 35 



i.e., those numbered from 600 to 898, with the exception oi 799 and • iate 

credit. 

A student who seeks to use this option uill normally be in the senior year, have earned an 
accumulated grade point average ol 3.0, have successfully completed the prerequisite and 
COrequisite courses w ith a grade of "B" or belter, and be a major in the appropriate or a closely 
related department. The student w ill be required to obtain prior appro\ al from the department 
offering the course. 

Enrollment in a graduate level course does not in an) way imply subsequent departmental 
or Graduate School approval for admission into a graduate program, nor may the course be 
used as credit tor a graduate degree at the University of Man. land. 

Combined Bachelor's Master's Programs 

A combined bachelor' s/master\ program may be developed for the individual student. A 
combined degree program should be an integrated learning experience for the student, not 
simply the completion of a required number of undergraduate and graduate credits. It is 
available only to students whose academic performance is exceptional, i.e.. a stipulated grade 
point average and faculty evaluations and recommendations. The program must be approved 
by the undergraduate dean, the department or program offering the undergraduate major, the 
department or program offering the graduate program and the Graduate School. Normally, no 
more than nine credits of courses taken at the advanced level (600-level courses and ab 
may be applied to both degree programs. No more than one master's degree ma> be earned 
through a combined bachelor's/master's degree program. See your undergraduate adviser for 
more details. 

Credit by Examination 

A graduate student may obtain graduate credit by examination in courses at the 400 level 
previously identified by the appropriate department or program. In the judgment of the 
Graduate Council, credit by examination is not generally av ailable for courses at the 600. 700, 
or 800 levels because courses at these levels require a continuing interaction between faculty 
and students to achieve the educational goals of advanced study. 

Students may receive credit by examination only for courses for which they are otherwise 
eligible to receive graduate credit. The department or program in w hich the student is enrolled 
may establish a limit on the number of credits that may be earned in this manner. Graduate 
students seeking credit by examination must obtain the consent of their adviser and of the 
instructor currently responsible for the course. Once the student begins the examination, the 
grade earned will be recorded. 

The Graduate School maintains a list of courses for which examinations are available or w ill 
be prepared. The fee for credit by examination is S30.00 per course regardless of the number 
of credits or units to be earned. 



36 Registration and Credits 



Transfer of Credit 

A maximum of six semester hours of graduate level course credits earned at regionally 
accredited institutions prior to or after matriculation in the Graduate School may be applied 
toward master's degrees at the University of Maryland. The Graduate School will submit 
transfer work done overseas to the Study Abroad Office for evaluation and validation. There 
is no need for transfer of credit at the doctoral level. All graduate study credits offered as 
transfer credit must meet the following criteria: 

1 . They must have received graduate credit for courses taken at the other institution. 

2. They must not have been used to meet the requirements for any degree previously 
earned. 

3. They must have been elected within the time limit framework of the student's 
program here and no more than five years old at the time of transfer. 

4. The department or program to which the student has been admitted at Maryland 
must certify the courses are appropriate to the degree program the student is 
pursuing at Maryland. 

5. The student must have earned a "B" or better in the courses offered for transfer 
credit, and have a "B" or better average on all the graduate coursework taken at 
the institution from which the transfer is requested. 

6. Transfer work normally satisfies only the 400-level requirements for the master's 
degree and does not apply to the upper-level requirement. 

A student seeking acceptance of transfer credit is advised to submit the necessary transcripts 
and certification of department or program approval to the Graduate School as promptly as 
possible for its review and decision. It should be noted that graduate departments and 
programs may impose more stringent requirements and time limitations concerning the 
transfer of credits. In such cases the Graduate School must be notified accordingly. 

Criteria that Courses Must Meet to be Accepted for Graduate Credit 

Any courses, workshops or seminars planned to take place in a span of time less than a 
normal academic semester or summer session and offering graduate credit to the participants 
must meet the following criteria: 

1. There must be 15 "contact hours" per graduate credit. 

a. Lectures: one contact hour per 50 minutes lecture. 

b. Non-lecture contact (laboratory, workshops, discussion and problem-working 
sessions, etc.): one contact hour per two or three-hour session. 



Registration and Credits 37 



2. No more than three "contact hours" per da> will be permitted. I I mtacl 
hours" ;nv equivalent to 0.2 credits). 

3. Credit may be accumulated at the rate ol no more than one credil per w 

Statement on UMCP Policy on Non-participation In Students in < lass Exercises thai 

Involve Animals 

Students who are concerned about the use of animals in teaching have the responsibility to 

contact the instructor prior to course enrollment to determine it animals are to he used in the 
course, whether class exercises involving animals are optional or required and what 
alternatives, if any, are available. If no alternatives are available, the refusal to participate in 
required activities involving animals may result in a failing grade in the course. 

The University of Maryland at College Park affirms the righl of the faculty to determine 
course conteni and curriculum requirements. The University, however, also encourages 
faculty to consider offering alternatives to the use of animals in their courses. In each course, 
the instructor determines whether the use of animals in the classroom exercises will he a 
course requirement or optional activity. The following departments currently have courses that 
may require animals to be used in class activities: Animal Sciences. Human Nutrition and 
Food Science. Microbiology, Poultry Science. Psychology. Veterinary Medicine and 
Zoology. For UMCP's policy statement on animal use and care, see the catalog's Appendices 
section. 

Course and Credit Changes 

A graduate student may drop a course, add a course, change between audit and credit status, 
change the number of credits for a course within the listed range, cancel registration or 
withdraw from the University by obtaining the necessary approvals and observing the 
published deadlines and procedures. The deadlines are published each term in the Schedule of 
Classes; the procedures governing each of these transactions are listed below . 

Procedures for Schedule Adjustment 

A graduate student may transact the following schedule adjustments through the tenth week 
of classes in a term by submitting a Schedule Adjustment Form to the Registrations Office, 
Mitchell Building: add a course; drop a course; change grading option: and change credit level. 
There is no refund of tuition and fees for drops processed alter the fifth class day I see Schedule 
of Classes for further details). 

After the tenth day of classes, all graduate students are required to obtain Departmental and 
instructor authorization to be stamped or written on the add slip. Approved requests must be 
promptly delivered to the Registrar's Office, Mitchell Building. 

Procedures for Late Registration 

Students registering after the established registration period may need an appointment to 
register. Call the Office of Registrations and Records for information. For current registration 
procedures consult the Schedule of Classes. Students who register after the established 



38 Registration and Credits 



registration period (i.e.. beginning with the schedule adjustment period) will be assessed a $20 
late registration fee. 

Procedures for Credit Level Change and Change of Grading Option 

Students who wish to change their grading option or credit level in a course may do so 
without special approval until the tenth class day each term. After the tenth class day, 
departmental authorization is required until the end of the tenth week. No credit level changes 
or grading options are permitted after the tenth week of classes. 

1. Exceptions to this deadline require the written approval of the instructor and the 
approval of the Graduate School. 

2. The departmental stamp must be placed on the change of grading option/credit 
level form. 

3. Approved forms should be submitted to the Registrar's Office. Mitchell Building. 

Procedures for Withdrawal from Classes 

The term withdrawal means termination of enrollment for a given term. The date of the 
withdrawal is indicated on a graduate student's academic record. To withdraw from a term on 
or before the last day of classes a graduate student must notify the Records Office, 1101 
Mitchell Building, in writing or in person. Withdrawal becomes effective on the date 
notification is received in the Records Office. Additional information concerning withdrawal 
from classes can be found in the Schedule of Classes. 

If the time limits in a master's or pre-candidate doctoral student's program have not lapsed 
(5 years to obtain a master's degree and 5 years to reach doctoral candidacy), a graduate 
student is eligible to enroll without readmission. In such cases the student should contact the 
department about registration dates and procedures. Doctoral candidates typically do not 
withdraw. If a candidate believes he/she must withdraw, he/she must contact the Office of the 
Associate Dean for Student Affairs. 

Resignation From the University 

A graduate student wishing to resign from the University (i.e., terminate his/her association 
with the University) may do so by submitting a letter to the Graduate School indicating the 
reasons for the resignation. The Graduate School will cancel the student's admitted status. If 
the student is registered for classes at the time of his/her resignation, the Office of Records and 
Registrations will be requested to withdraw the student effective the date of the resignation. 

A graduate student seeking to return to the University of Maryland must reapply for 
admission and is subject to all departmental and Graduate School requirements. He or she may 
be required to repeat previously elected courses. 



Registration and Credits 39 



Procedure for Cancelling Registration for ii Term 

I o cancel a registration alter the stated deadlines for a given term, a graduate student must 
provide a written explanation, which has been endorsed In the graduate directOI "I his or her 
program to the Associate Dean lor Student Allans. II appropriate, the request will he 
processed and. if lees are involved, the necessar) adjustments made. Please note that the 
cancellation ol one's classes during the course ol a given term is not meant to he used as a 
means o\' avoiding poor grades. 

Grades for Graduate Students 

A minimum grade point average of 3.0 for all graduate level courses taken is required in 
order to be in good academic standing and lor graduation with a graduate degree. Graduate 
students are required to meet all departmental and program rules and regulations. I departments 
and programs may stipulate requirements more stringent than those mmimallv expected by the 
Graduate School. 

Academic Discipline Policy 

Each graduate student is required to maintain a 3.0 grade point average lor all graduate 
courses elected toward the degree program in which he or she is enrolled. 

A student whose cumulative grade point average falls below a "B" (3.0) upon or alter the 
completion of nine credit hours of graduate level courses will be automatically placed on 
academic probation by the Graduate School for the following full semester. 

A student whose cumulative grade point average falls below a "B" (3.0) for a second and 
successive semester of enrollment for courses must seek advising in order to correct the 
scholastic and/or academic deficiency in the next semester of enrollment for courses. 

A student whose cumulative grade point average falls below a "B" (3.0) average for three 
consecutive semesters of enrollment will not be permitted to re-enroll and will be required to 
withdraw from the University. 

Both the graduate student and the Graduate Director of each department or program will be 
notified whenever a graduate student is placed on academic probation. It a graduate student is 
placed on probation for a third consecutive semester, both the graduate student and the 
student's Graduate Director will be informed that the student may not continue beyond that 
semester unless the academic department or program presents compelling reasons tor 
continuance. The request for continuance must be approved by the Graduate School. 

In addition to the minimum grade point average requirements, graduate departments and 
programs may require graduate students to maintain certain performance minima in their 
programs of study, and in all or in particular courses. A student who fails to make satisfactory 
progress in meeting some or all programmatic requirements, or who fails to demonstrate the 
ability to succeed in his or her course of studies or research, may be required to withdraw from 
the University. Determinations concerning such matters occur at the departmental level. 



40 Registration and Credits 



Grading Systems 

The Conventional A through F grading system is used in graduate level courses. 

A "Satisfactory or Failure" (S-F) grading system may be used for certain types of graduate 
study at the discretion of the department or program. These include courses which require 
independent field work, special projects or independent study. Departmental seminars, 
workshops and departmental courses in instructional methods may also be appropriate for the 
S-F grading system. 

The "Pass-Fail" grading system is a grading option for undergraduates. However, a 
Department or program may, in certain cases, allow a graduate student to use the Pass-Fail 
option for any 100-300 level courses that a student takes. Graduate credit may not be earned 
for these courses. The mark of P is equivalent to A,B,C, or D. Either the A-F or the S-F grading 
system may be used in thesis and dissertation research, and courses labeled "Independent 
Study" or "Special Problems." 

Only one grading system will be used for a single course in a particular semester. The 
grading system will be designated by the department or program offering the course. 

Computation of Grade Point Average 

The A is calculated at 4 quality points, B at 3 quality points and C at 2 quality points. The 
grades of D, F and I receive no quality points. After a student is matriculated as a graduate 
student, all courses taken that are numbered 400 and above (except 500-level courses, those 
numbered 799 or 899, and those graded with an S) will be used in the calculation of the grade 
point average. A student may repeat any course in an effort to earn a better grade. Whether 
higher or lower, the latter grade will be used in computing the grade point average. Grades for 
graduate students remain as part of the student's permanent record and may be changed only 
by the original instructor on certification that an actual mistake was made in determining or 
recording the grade. The change must be approved by the department chair and the Dean of 
the Graduate School. 

No course taken after August 23, 1974, will be considered "not applicable" for the purpose 
of computing the grade point average of a graduate student. No graduate credit transferred 
from another institution will be included in the calculation of the grade point average. 

The Academic Record (Transcript) 

A graduate student's academic record (transcript) is intended to serve as a complete history 
of the student's academic progress at the University of Maryland. As such, it cannot be altered 
except in conformance with stated Graduate School policies governing change of election. 
Under no circumstances will the academic records be altered because of dissatisfaction with a 
grade or other academic accomplishment. 



Degree Requirements 41 



Degree Requirements 

Graduate School Requirements Applicable to all Master's Degrees Programs 

The entire course of study undertaken for anj master's degree must constitute a unified, 
coherent program that is approved by the student's adviser and graduate directoi and meets 
Graduate School requirements. 

A minimum of thirty semester hours in courses acceptable for credit towards a graduate 
degree is required (some degree programs require more than 30 credits); in certain eases 
of the 30 semester hours must he thesis research credits. The graduate program must include 
at least 12 hours of coursework at the 600 level or higher. If the student is inadequate!) 
prepared for the required graduate courses, additional courses may be required, which may nol 
be considered as part of the student's graduate program. Credits to be applied to a student's 
program for a master's degree cannot have been used to satisfy any other previously earned 
degrees. 

Grade-Point Average 

The student seeking any master's degree must maintain an average grade of "B" ( 3.0) in all 
courses taken for graduate credit. 

Time Limitation 

All requirements for the master's degree must be completed within a five-year period. This 
time limit applies to any transfer work from other institutions to be included in a student's 
program. 

Additional Requirements 

In addition to the above requirements, special departmental or collegiate requirements may 
be imposed, especially for degrees that are offered only in one department, college or division. 
For these special requirements, consult the descriptions which appear under the departmental 
or collegiate listing in this catalog or the special publications that can be obtained from the 
department or college. 



Graduate School Requirements for the Degrees of Master of Arts and Master of Science 
Thesis Option 

Research Assurances 

At the University of Maryland at College Park, all research, including thesis and dissertation 
research, must be conducted in accordance with federal guidelines for the use of animals, the 
use of human subjects and the use of materials that may pose biological or chemical hazards. 
All animal use protocols must be approved by the Animal Care and Use Committee. All 
research involving human subjects, including by not limited to. experimental manipulations, 
surveys and interviews, must be approved by the departmental human subjects review board 



42 Degree Requirements 



and/or the Institutional Review Board. Any research involving hazardous materials, either 
biological or chemical, or recombinant RNA/DNA research must have approval from the 
Biological and Chemical Hygiene Committee and campus Department of Environmental 
Safety. 

Course Requirements 

A minimum of 30 semester hours including six hours of thesis research credit (799) is 
required for the degrees of Master of Arts and Master of Science. Of the 24 hours required in 
graduate courses, no less than 12 must be earned in the major subject. No less than one-half of 
the total required course credits for the degree, or a minimum of twelve, must be selected from 
courses number 600 or above. 

Thesis Requirement 

A thesis must be submitted for the Master of Arts and Master of Science degrees except for 
those programs in which a non-thesis option has been approved by the Dean in conformity 
with the policy of the Graduate Council. Approval of the thesis is the responsibility of an 
examining committee appointed by the Dean on the recommendation of the student's adviser. 
The adviser is the chairperson of the committee, and the remaining members of the committee 
are members of the graduate faculty who are familiar with the student's program of study. The 
chairperson and the candidate are informed of the membership of the examining committee by 
the Dean. 

Directions for the preparation and submission of theses will be found in the Theses Manual. 
which may be obtained from Campus Reprographics, Room 0100, Reckord Armory for a 
minumum charge. Contact the Graduate Records Office, Room 2117, Lee Building for details 
(405-4202). 

Oral Examination 

A final oral examination on the thesis shall be held when the student has completed the 
thesis to the satisfaction of the student's adviser, providing all other requirements for the 
degree have been completed and a 3.0 grade point average computed in accordance with the 
regulations described under "Grades for Graduate Students" has been earned. 

The examining committee, composed of a minimum of three members, conducts the oral 
examination (an additional comprehensive written examination may be required at the option 
of the department or program). The chairperson of the examining committee selects the time 
and place for the examination and notifies other members of the committee and the candidate. 
Members of the committee must be given a minimum of seven working days in which to read 
the thesis. The duration of the examination is normally about an hour, but it may be longer if 
necessary to insure an adequate examination. 

The decision to accept the examination as satisfactory must be unanimous. Students may 
present themselves for examination only twice. The report of the committee, signed by each 
member, must be submitted to the Dean of the Graduate School no later than the appropriate 
date listed in the <"Important Dates for Advisers and Students"> if the student is to receive a 
diploma at the Commencement ceremony for the semester in which the examination is held. 



Degree Requirements 43 



Non-Thesis Option 

The requirements for Master oi Arts and Master ol Science degrees without thesi 
slightly among departments and programs in which this option is available. Standards fot 

admission arc. however, identical with those for admission toan> other master's program. I he 
quality of the work expected of the student is also identical t<> that expected in the thesis 
programs. 

The general requirements lor those on the non-thesis program are a minimum ol JO semestei 
credit hours in courses approved lor graduate credit with a minimum average grade ol H in all 
coursework taken; a minimum of 18 semester credit hours m courses numbered 600 or above; 
the submission of one or more scholarly papers; and successful completion ol a 
comprehensive final examination, a portion of which must be written. 

A student following a non-thesis master's program will be expected to meet the same 
deadlines for application for a diploma and for final examination reports established for all 
other degree programs. 

For information on programs that offer the non-thesis option, see the list of Graduate 
programs in the Catalog. 

Requirements for the Degree of Master of Education 

Nearly all departments in Education offer the Master of Education ( M.Ed. ) degree with the 
following requirements: 

1. A minimum of 30 semester hours in coursework with a B grade average. Grades 
for courses not a part of the program but taken in graduate status will be computed 
in the average. 

2. A minimum of 15 hours in courses numbered 600-800 with the remainder at least 
in the 400 series. Some departments require courses in departments other than 
Education. 

3. A comprehensive written examination taken at the end of coursework. 

4. EDMS 645. 

5. EDMS 646 or MUED 690 and one seminar paper; or two seminar papers. 

For further details, see "Graduate Studies in the College of Education" issued by the College 
of Education and descriptions of departmental programs. 

Requirements for the Degree of Master of Engineering 

Nearly all departments in Engineering offer the Master of Engineering (M.E.) degree with 
the following requirements: 



44 Degree Requirements 



A minimum of 30 semester hours of approved coursework in an engineering option with a 
"B" grade average. The student's program must be approved by the engineering department 
that offers the option. 

Requirements Applicable to other Master's Degrees 

The particular requirements for the degrees of Master of Architecture, Master of Business 
Administration. Master of Library Science, Master of Music, Master of Fine Arts, Master of 
Public Policy, Master of Public Management and Master of Applied Anthropology are given 
under the individual graduate program entries in those fields. 

Graduate School Requirements Applicable to all Doctoral Degrees 

Credit Requirements 

The Graduate School requires that every student seeking the doctoral degree register for a 
minimum of 12 research credits, but the number of research and other credit hours required in 
the program varies with the degree and program in question. 

Admission to Candidacy 

Preliminary examinations, or such other substantial tests as the departments may elect, are 
frequently prerequisite for admission to candidacy. 

A student must be admitted to candidacy for the doctorate within five years after admission 
to the doctoral program and at least one academic year before the date on which the degree 
will be conferred. 

It is the responsibility of the student to submit an application for admission to candidacy 
when all the requirements for candidacy have been fulfilled. Applications for admission to 
candidacy are made in duplicate by the student and submitted to the major department for 
further action and transmission to the Graduate School. Application forms may be obtained at 
the Graduate School Records Office. 

Time Limitation 

Students must complete the entire program for the degree, including the dissertation and 
final examination, during a four-year period after admission to candidacy, or nine years after 
admission to the doctoral program, whichever is greater. If a student fails to complete all 
degree requirements, the program may recommend, and the Graduate School may grant, a 
one-year extension to complete the remainder of the doctoral requirements. After this one-year 
period, admission to the program terminates. A student may apply for readmission to the 
program. The program may recommend advancement to candidacy following program 
prerequisites as specified by the program and approved by the Graduate School. For purposes 
of time limitation for doctoral students, a readmission to doctoral candidacy shall be for a 
period of four years, unless otherwise specified by the program. 



Degree Requirements 45 



Dissertation 

A dissertation or its equivalent is required ol all candidates for .1 doctoral degree. I he topic 
of the dissertation must be approved in the department 01 program committee. Dunne the 
preparation of the dissertation, all candidates for an> doctoral degree must registei foi the 
prescribed number of semester hours ol Doctoral Dissertation Research (899) at the I Iniversit) 
of Maryland. Directions for the preparation and submission of dissertations will be found in 
the Theses Manual, which may be obtained from the Campus Reprographics, Room 0100, 
Reek lord Armory, for a minimum charge. 

Research Assurances 

At the University of Maryland at College Park, all research, including thesis and dissertation 
research, must be conducted in accordance with federal guidelines for the use of animals, the 
use of human subjects and the use of materials that may pose biological or chemical ha/ards. 
All animal use protocols must be approved by the Animal Care and Use Committee. All 
research involving human subjects, including by not limited to, experimental manipulations, 
surveys and interviews, must be approved by the departmental human subjects review board 
and/or the Institutional Review Board. Any research involving hazardous materials, either 
biological or chemical, or recombinant RNA/DNA research must have approval from the 
Biological and Chemical Hygiene Committee and campus Department of Environmental 
Safety. 

Additional Requirements 

In addition to the above requirements, special departmental or collegiate requirements may 
be imposed, especially for those degrees that are offered in only one department or college. 
For these special requirements, consult the descriptions that appear under the departmental or 
collegiate listing in this catalog or the special publications that can be obtained from the 
department, college or division. 

Graduate School Requirements for the Degree of Doctor of Philosophy 

The Doctor of Philosophy Degree is granted only upon sufficient evidence of high 
attainment in scholarship and the ability to engage in independent research. It is not awarded 
for the completion of course and seminar requirements no matter how successfully completed. 

Foreign Language Requirement 

A number of departments have a foreign language requirement for the Doctor of Philosophy 
degree. The student should inquire in the department about this requirement. Students must 
satisfy the departmental or program requirement before they can be admitted to candidacy for 
the doctorate. 



46 Degree Requirements 



Program 

There is no Graduate School requirement stipulating a specific number of course credits in 
either a major or a minor subject. It is the policy of the Graduate School to encourage the 
development of individual programs for each student who seeks the Ph.D. To that end, the 
academic departments and interdisciplinary programs have been directed to determine major 
and minor requirements, levels or sequences of required courses and similar requirements for 
submission to the Graduate Council for approval. 

Admission to Candidacy 

See requirements for all doctoral degrees. 

Dissertation 

The ability to do independent research must be demonstrated by an original dissertation on 
a topic approved by the department or program. 

During the preparation of the dissertation, all candidates for the Doctor of Philosophy 
degree must register for a minimum of 12 semester hours of doctoral research (899) at the 
University of Maryland. 

Constitution of Dissertation Committee 

1. A dissertation committee must consist of a minimum of five members, at least 
three of whom must be regular members of the University of Maryland at College Park 
Graduate Faculty. Additional committee members may be required or invited to serve at 
departmental discretion. 

2. Each dissertation committee will have a chairperson, who must be a regular 
member of the Graduate Faculty. Dissertation committees may be co-chaired upon written 
recommendation of the department graduate director or chair and the approval of the Dean of 
Graduate Studies and Research. 

3. Each committee shall have appointed to it a representative of the Dean of the 
Graduate School. This person, who is recommended by the student's home department, must 
be a regular member of the Graduate Faculty at the University of Maryland at College Park 
and must be from a department other than the student's home department. In cases where a 
student is in an interdisciplinary department or program, the Dean's Representative must be 
from a program outside the departments and programs involved in the interdisciplinary 
endeavors. 

4. Individuals from outside the University system may serve on dissertation 
committees provided that their credentials warrant this service and upon the written request of 
and justification by the department involved, including the individual's curriculum vitae. 
However, these individuals must be in addition to the minimum required number of regular 
members of the College Park Graduate Faculty. 

5. Emeriti professors may serve on dissertation committees provided they are 
members of the Graduate Faculty. 



Degree Requirements 47 



6. Graduate Facult) who terminate employmenl ai I MCP may be regarded foi 
dissertation committee service purposes as members oi the Graduate Facult) foi a 12 month 
period following their termination. During thai time they ma) chaii individual dissertations 

and theses and work with students as necessary. Alter thai time, the) ma) no longei serve as 
chairs of dissertations, although the) ma) be placed in the status ol co chaii After thej i 
UMCP. faculty may not serve as Dean's Representative. 

The Dissertation Committee and the Conduct of the Dissertation Defense 

Each doctoral candidate is required to oralis defend his or her doctoral dissertation as a 
requirement in partial fulfillment of the doctoral degree. The final oral defense ol the 
dissertation is conducted by a committee of the Graduate Faculty appointed h\ the Dean ol the 
Graduate School upon the advice of the candidate's dissertation adviser and department 
graduate director. 

Oral defenses must be attended by all members of the officially established doctoral 
examining committee as approved by the Dean of the Graduate School. Should a last-minute 
change in the constitution of the committee be required, the change must be sanctioned b) the 
Dean of the Graduate School in consultation with the graduate director of the student's home 
department and the student's dissertation chair. 

Notice of doctoral defenses must be published in the student's home department at least five 
days before the scheduled event. The members of the examining committee should normalk 
receive the dissertation at least two weeks before the scheduled defense. All doctoral defenses 
must be open to UMCP Graduate Faculty and any other interested parties whom the chair of 
the dissertation committee, in consultation with the Graduate Director of the department, 
believe to be appropriate. Departments may wish to routinely open dissertation defenses to a 
broader audience. In such cases, departmental policies must be established, recorded and made- 
available to all doctoral students. 

Oral defenses of dissertations must be held in University facilities that are readily accessible 
to all members of the committee and others attending the defense. 

Two or more negative votes constitute a failure of the candidate to meet the dissertation 
requirement. In cases of failure, it is required that the examining committee specif) in detail 
and in writing to the department graduate director, the Dean of the Graduate School and the 
student the exact nature of the deficiencies in the dissertation and/or the oral performance that 
led to failure. A second defense is permitted, which results in termination o\' the student's 
admitted status if it is failed. 

Inclusion of Previously Published Materials in a Thesis or Dissertation 

1 . A graduate student may. upon the recommendation of the dissertation director, and 
with the endorsement of home department graduate directors or chairs, include his or her ow n 
published works as part of the final dissertation. Appropriate citations within the dissertation 
including where the work was previously published are required. All such materials must be 
produced in standard dissertation format. 

2. It is recognized that a graduate student may co-author work with faculty and 
colleaaues that should be included in a dissertation. In such an event, a letter should be sent to 



48 Degree Requirements 



the Dean of Graduate Studies and Research certifying that the student's examining committee 
has determined that the student made a substantial contribution to that work. This letter should 
also note that inclusion of the work has the approval of the dissertation adviser and the 
department chair or graduate director. The format of such inclusions must conform to be 
standard dissertation format. A forward to the dissertation, as approved by the Dissertation 
Committee, must state that the student made the substantial contributions to the relevant 
aspects of the jointly authored work included in the dissertation. 

Requirements for the Degree of Doctor of Education 

The requirements for the Doctor of Education (Ed.D) degree are for the most part the same 
as those for the Doctor of Philosophy degree in the College of Education. The Ed.D. requires 
a minimum of six semester hours of dissertation credit while the Ph.D. requires a minimum of 
12 semester hours of dissertation credit. Consult the Graduate Studies Office in the College of 
Education and the individual department for additional details. 

Requirements for other Doctoral Degrees 

The particular requirements for the degrees of Doctor of Musical Arts are given under the 
corresponding program description. 

Time Extensions Governing All Graduate Degrees 

1. Master's Degree Students and Pre-Candidacy Doctoral Students. 

Students who have failed to complete all requirements by the prescribed deadlines may 
petition their departments in order to seek up to a one-year extension of time in which to 
complete the outstanding requirements. This extension may be granted by the department, 
which must then notify the Graduate School in writing of its decision. The Graduate School 
will confirm this decision in writing to the student and adjust the computer database 
accordingly. 

Students who have failed to complete all requirements for their degree following the 
granting of a time extension by the department, and who wish to continue their graduate 
program must seek an additional extension by petitioning their department. If the department 
supports the request, it must be forwarded to the Graduate School for review. In such cases, 
the Graduate School evaluates the request in light of the written explanation provided and may 
grant up to one additional year's extension. The Graduate School decision will be 
communicated in writing to each petitioner and a copy will be sent to the student's home 
department. 

2. Students who have achieved Doctoral Candidacy. 

Students who have failed to complete all requirements by the prescribed deadlines may 
petition their departments in order to seek up to a one-year extension of time in which to 
complete the outstanding requirements. This extension may be recommended by the 
Department to the Graduate School. The Graduate School may, in unusual circumstan. 
grant this one-year's extension. Students who have failed to complete all requirements for 
their degree following the granting of a time extension by the Graduate School will have their 



Resources 49 



admission to the program terminated. See page M for the polic) governing the time Limitations 
oi doctoral students who have achieved candidacy. 

Petition lot Waiver or Partial Waiver of a Regulation 

All policies of the Graduate School have been formulated In the Graduate Council, the 
governing bod) of the Graduate School, with the goal ol ensuring academic qualitv. These 
policies must be equitably and uniform!) enforced for all graduate students. Nevertheless, 

circumstances occasional!) occur that warrant individual consideration. Therefore, il a 
graduate student believes there are compelling reasons for a specific regulation to he waived 
or modified, the student should submit a written petition to the Graduate School. Room 2125. 
Lee Building, explaining the facts and issues that bear on the case. In all instances, the 
petitions must be reviewed b) the departmental graduate director or chair and. if the petition 
involves a course, by the course instructor. If both of these people recommend approval and 
so state in w riting, it is then forvt aided to the Graduate School for final re\ iew . 

Commencement 

Applications for the diploma must be tiled with the Office o\ Admissions and Registrations 
within the first three weeks of the semester in which the candidate expects to obtain a degree. 
except during summer session. During the summer session, the application must be filed 
during the first week of the second summer session. Exact dates are noted for each semester 
and the summer sessions in "Important Dates for Advisers and Students." Failure to meet 
specific deadlines may result in a delay of one or more semesters before graduation. 

If. for any reason, students do not graduate at the end of the semester in which the) have 
applied for the diploma, they need not re-apply for it in the semester in which the) expect to 
graduate since the application automatically rolls over to the following semester. 

Academic costume is required of all candidates at commencement exercises. Those who so 
desire may purchase or rent caps and gowns at the UMCP student supply store. Orders must 
be filed eight weeks before the date of commencement but may be cancelled later if students 
find themselves unable to complete the requirements for the degree. 



Resources 

Location 

Faculty and students at the University o\ Mankind enjov the best o\ all possible worlds. 
Situated on 1.300 acres in Prince George's County. College Park is pan of the larger 
metropolitan area of Washington. D.C.. which is rapidly becoming the nation's capital in 
cultural and intellectual activity as well as political power. The Kenned) Center for the 
Performing Arts, the Filene Center and the man) fine area theaters regularl) present 
performances b) the world's most exciting and renowned artists. The Smithsonian Museums 
and the National Gallery of Art. among others, sponsor outstanding collections and special 
exhibits that attract national attention. In addition to cultural activities, the nation's capital 
provides interested students the opportunity to observe first hand the work of federal 



50 Resources 



institutions: to sit in the galleries of Congress: to watch the Supreme Court in session; and to 
attend public Congressional hearings. The possibilities for personal enrichment offered in this 
exciting cosmopolitan area are indeed enormous. 

Outside the metropolitan area and just minutes from the campus, the Maryland countryside 
is pleasantly rural. Maryland offers a great variety of recreational and leisure activities in its 
many fine national and state parks, from the Catoctin Mountains in Western Maryland to the 
Assateague Island National Seashore on the Atlantic-bound Eastern Shore, all within a 
pleasant drive from the campus. Historic Annapolis, the state capital, is only a short drive 
away, and the city of Baltimore, with its rich variety of ethnic heritages, its cultural and 
educational institutions and its impressive urban transformation is only thirty miles from 
College Park. 

Special Research Resources 

The College Park Campus is in the midst of one of the greatest concentrations of research 
facilities and intellectual talent in the nation, if not in the world. Libraries and laboratories 
serving virtually every academic discipline are within easy commuting distance. There is a 
steady and growing exchange of ideas, information, technical skills and scholars between the 
University and these centers. The libraries and facilities of many of these centers are open to 
qualified graduate students. The resources of many more are available by special arrangement. 

In the humanities, the Library of Congress and the Folger Shakespeare Library, with its 
extensive collection of rare manuscripts, are among the world's most outstanding research 
libraries. In addition, Dumbarton Oaks; the National Archives; the Smithsonian Institution; 
the World Bank; the National Library of Medicine; the National Agricultural Library; the 
Enoch Pratt Free Library of Baltimore; the libraries of the Federal Departments of Labor; 
Commerce; Interior; Health and Human Services; Housing and Urban Development; 
Transportation and approximately 500 other specialized libraries are all within a few minutes 
drive of the College Park campus. The campus is the site of Archives II, the largest archives 
in the world with the most complete set of records and documents about this nation's history. 
These resources make the University of Maryland at College Park one of the most attractive 
in the nation for scholars of all disciplines. 

The proximity of the Beltsville Agricultural Research Center of the United States 
Department of Agriculture has stimulated the development of both laboratories and 
opportunities for field research in the agricultural and life sciences. The National Institutes of 
Health offer unparalleled opportunities for collaboration in biomedical and behavior research. 
Opportunities are also available for collaborative graduate study programs with other major 
government laboratories, such as the National Institute of Science and Technology, the Naval 
Research Laboratory, the U.S. Geological Survey, and the Goddard Space Flight Center. The 
long-standing involvement of the state of Maryland in the development of the commercial and 
recreational resources of the Chesapeake Bay has resulted in the establishment of outstanding 
research facilities for the study of marine science at the University of Maryland Center for 
Environmental and Estuarine Studies, with research facilities at Horn Point near Cambridge, 
at Crisfield and at Solomons Island, Maryland. 



Resources 51 



Campus facilities arc also excellent lor research in ever) discipline. Woi* in the behavioral 
sciences, particular!) in learning, is centered in laboratories equipped lor full) automated 

research on rats, pigeons and monkeys. 

Exceptional research facilities in the physical sciences include two small Van de Graafl 
accelerators; a 250 K\V training nuclear reactor.: a lull-scale Iomv velocity wind tunnel: 
specialized facilities in the Institute lor Physical Science and Technolo 
psychopharmacolog) Laboratory; shock tubes; a quiescent plasma device (Q-machine) and a 

spheromak compact fusion device for plasma research: and rotating tanks lor laboratorv 
studies of meteorological phenomena. 

Students also have access to research farms, greenhouses and even laboratory-equipped 
vessels for research in the Chesapeake Bay. The University also owns and operates one ol the 
world's largest and most sophisticated long-wavelength radio telescopes as part ol a three- 
university consortium known as the Berkeley-Illinois-Maryland Ana) ( BIMA) located at Hat 
Creek in Northern California. 

Special Opportunities for Artists 

Advanced work in the creative and performing arts at College Park is concentrated in the 
Tawes Fine Arts Building and the recently completed Art-Sociology Building. Creative work 
is greatly stimulated by the close interaction that has developed between the students and 
faculty of the University and the artists and scholars at the National Gallery, the Corcoran 
Gallery, the Hirshhorn Museum, the Phillips Gallery, the Smithsonian Institution, as well as 
the musicians of the National Symphony Orchestra, the Baltimore Symphony Orchestra and 
small musical groups. The Kennedy Center for the Performing Arts and the Filene Center 
(Wolf Trap Farm Park) have further enhanced the climate for creative artists attending the 
University. 

Outstanding work on campus in theater, dance, radio and television is aided b\ the 
proximity of the campus to the National Theater, the Arena Stage, the Morris Mechanic 
Theater and numerous little theater groups in the Washington and Baltimore area. There is a 
frequent and steady exchange of ideas and talent between students and faculty at the 
University with educational and commercial radio and television media, as a consequence of 
the large professional staffs that are maintained in the Washington area. 

Libraries 

The Libraries on the College Park campus contain over 2.2 million volumes, and the) 
subscribe to about 20,000 periodicals and newspapers. Additional collections of research 
materials are available on microfilm, microfiche, phonograph records, tapes, films, and in 
electronic formats. 

The Theodore R. McKeldin Library is the largest library on campus and the principal library 
for graduate use in the humanities, social sciences and life sciences. Special collections and 
research include those of former Vice President Spiro T. Agnew in political science: Romeo 
Mansueti in the biological sciences; Katherine Anne Porter and Djuna Barnes: materials from 
the Bureau of Social Science Research: the archives of the Baltimore News-American: 
Maryland documents: and the files of the Industrial Union of Marine and Shipbuilding 



52 Resources 



Workers of America. The University libraries are also a regional depository of U.S. 
Government publications; the Government Documents/Maps Room in McKeldin includes 
these U.S. Government publications and maps, as well as documents of the United Nations, 
the League of Nations and other international organizations, and maps from the U.S. Army 
Map Service. McKeldin also houses the collection of the National Trust for Historic 
Preservation Library. 

The Gordon W. Prange Collection, one of the world's largest repositories of published and 
unpublished Japanese-language materials from the Allied Occupation period, is housed in 
McKeldin Library and consists of Japanese newspapers, monographs, periodicals, pamphlets 
and newsletters, textbooks, maps, news photographs, and political posters produced primarily 
in the period 1945 to 1949, a time of Allied civil censorship controls. The materials range from 
children's books and women's magazines to business, scientific and technical publications. 
The collection is especially rich in fiction and poetry, including reprints and first editions. 
These rare manuscript materials have attracted scholars from around the world and have been 
utilized in numerous recent scholarly Japanese and Western publications of post World War 
II Japan. They are complementary to the American government documents which are housed 
in National Archives II adjacent to the College Park campus. The East Asia Collection, in 
operation since the mid 1960's. includes Japanese, Korean, and Chinese language 
monographs, periodicals, and newspapers. It currently contains about 60.000 catalogued 
items, and is particularly strong in scholarly works on the humanities and behavioral and social 
sciences and in reference and serial publications. With the exception of the Japanese Division 
of the Library of Congress, this is the largest East Asian language collection to be found in any 
academic institution in the tri-state region of Delaware. Maryland, and Virginia. 

Graduate students at UMCP are not served by McKeldin alone; the UMCP Libraries system 
also includes six branch libraries. Although the Hornbake Library's collection is primarily for 
the undergraduate student, this library does offer ample study space and a 24-hour study room 
during fall and spring semesters. Hornbake also houses Nonprint Media Services, the central 
location for audiovisual materials in the library system and the campus, and the Music Library 
with books, periodicals, music scores and parts and music recordings in both music and dance. 
The Music Library's special collections include items from the American Bandmasters 
Association Research Center, the National Association of College Wind and Percussion 
Instructors Research Center, the International Clarinet Society Research Library and the 
International Piano Archives at Maryland. The National Public Broadcasting Archives, 
dealing with the history and development of public broadcasting, is also housed in Hornbake 
Library. 

The Engineering and Physical Sciences Library (EPSL) contains materials in physics, 
engineering, mathematics and geology with other significant collections in computer science, 
environmental sciences, water resources and aerospace science. EPSL is also a U.S. patent 
depository and its large Technical Reports Center contains collections from NASA. ERDA. 
Rand Corporation, and other agencies and organizations. 

The Charles E. White Memorial Library is a collection of chemistry, biochemistry and 
microbiology materials. Materials include books, periodicals, major indexes and 
comprehensive spectra collections. 



Resources 53 



Architecture students are served h> the Architecture Library with materials on architectural 
design, theorj and historj . urban design, landscape architecture and building technology . I ins 
library's special collections include rare architecture hooks dating as fai hack as the 
seventeenth century with materials on world expositions from 1X57 to 1937. 

For art students, the Art Library collects materials in art history, Studio art. ail education. 
photography, graphic arts, interior design and textiles. Special collections include art 
reproductions and art exhibition catalogs. 

Research is supported in the UMCP Libraries with a variety of technological tools. An 
online catalog (VICTOR) identifies library materials from the collections of libraries on all 
campuses in the University of Maryland system. It provides access to this information through 
public terminals located throughout the library systems and through network and telephone 
connections using terminals in homes or office, as well as libraries around the country. It also 
offers information about articles in over 100,000 journals through the UNCOVER file. 
Research is also supported through the fee-based CARS (Computer Assisted Reference 
Services) for accessing hundreds of remote bibliographic, textual and numeric databases, as 
well as through the free use of over 60 automated reference tools in the libraries. 

In the McKeldin, Hornbake, White Memorial, and Engineering and Physical Sciences 
Libraries, library users can run their own computer searches utilizing dial-in service and CD- 
ROM (Compact Disc-Read Only Memory) for database information in education, social 
sciences, life sciences, business and patents. In conjunction with the Computer Science 
Center. ESPL and Hornbake Libraries offer microcomputers for the use of anyone in the 
UMCP community. 

Research is also supported through a variety of user consultation services, including 
directional assistance, basic reference help and in-depth consultations for complex 
information problems. Such help may be requested at the reference desk of any of the libraries. 

Borrowing library materials is aided by several services in addition to basic circulation 
assistance. Direct borrowing privileges are available for registered UMCP graduate students 
at the other University of Maryland campus libraries. Inter-Library loan services are available 
through McKeldin Library's ILL office to obtain loans or photocopies of materials from other 
libraries that are not available at UMCP. 

Associations, Bureaus, Centers, Institutes, Laboratories and Offices 

Acknowledging the importance of an interdisciplinary approach to knowledge, the 
University maintains organized research units outside the usual department structures. These 
associations, bureaus, centers and institutes offer valuable opportunities for faculty and 
students to engage in research and study in specialized areas and in public service activities. 

Associations 

American Studies Association: Executive Director: John Stephens. The College of Arts and 
Humanities and its Department of American Studies sponsor the national headquarters of the 
American Studies Association. ASA plays an active role in international and national 
academic life and is open to those who are devoted to the interdisciplinary study of the United 



54 Resources 



States. ASA is a constituent member of a number of national scholarship organizations, 
including the American Council of Learned Societies, the National Humanities Alliance and 
the National Coordinating Committee for the Promotion of History. ASA also supports and 
assists programs for teaching American Studies abroad, encourages the exchange of teachers 
and students and maintains relations with American Studies Associations throughout the 
world. University of Maryland faculty serve on the managing editorial board of the American 
Quarterly, ASA's guide to studies in United States culture, and graduate assistants serve as 
the ASA's Convention Coordinator, Newsletter Editor and Institutional Research 
Coordinator. 

Bureaus 

Bureau of Governmental Research: Director: Allen Schick. Bureau of Governmental 
Research activities relate primarily to the problems of state and local government in Maryland. 
The Bureau engages in research and publishes findings with reference to local, state and 
national governments and their interrelationships. It undertakes surveys, sponsored programs 
and grants, and offers its assistance and service to units of government in Maryland. The 
Bureau furnishes opportunities for qualified students interested in research and career 
development in state and local administration. 

Centers 

Center on Aging: Director: Laura Wilson. Established in 1974, the Center on Aging has a 
university-wide mandate to promote aging-related activities. The Center's goals are to: (1) 
conduct disciplinary and interdisciplinary aging-related research; (2) encourage departments, 
schools and colleges to pursue aging-related research and develop gerontologically-oriented 
courses; (3) provide students with educational programs, field experiences, training 
opportunities and job placements that will prepare them for careers in aging-related 
occupations; and (4) conduct training programs, sponsor conferences and provide on and off- 
campus technical assistance to meet the needs of practitioners who serve older persons. In 
addition, the Center sponsors a colloquium series on aging-related topics that is open to 
students and the public, conducts training and conferences for community-level practitioners, 
and offers the annual Institute for Gerontological Practice for persons involved in direct 
service activities for the elderly. The Center coordinates the Graduate Gerontology Certificate 
for students pursuing master's and doctoral degrees in regular University departments as well 
as for those who return to the campus as advanced special students. 

Agriculture Trade Policy Center: Director: Earl Brown. Housed in the Department of 
Agricultural and Resource Economics, the Center's purpose is to produce cutting edge policy 
research that will be used to increase the understanding of the complex web of economic and 
political forces that affect worldwide trade flows of agricultural, fishery and biotechnology 
food products and services. The Center, which was established in 1990, supports graduate 
students, visiting scholars and faculty from other campus departments who are interested in 
collaborating on an important issue in agricultural trade policy. The Center will also support 
a modest outreach program for policymakers, business executives and policy researchers to 
facilitate the implementation of the Center's research findings. 

Center for Architectural Design and Research (CADRE): Director: John W. Hill. Housed 
in the School of Architecture, CADRE was established in 1978 to permit faculty and students 



Resources 55 



of the School of Architecture to offer services and nam experience in areas not accessible 
through the Universitj ol Maryland's customary channels Foi funded research. A wide range 
of planning and design problems exists throughout the state in communities and towns thai 
find themselves deteriorating or threatened bv uncontrolled expansion. These problems often 
require capabilities and approaches not usuallj offered by architectural and engineering tirms. 
Town or country officials and local citizens call upon CADRE to assist in evaluating 
problems, making recommendations tor action and implementing solutions. Examples ol past 
projects include a master plan proposed on the historic National Colonial farm; the Hyattsville 
Main Street Devitalization study; the Colmar Manor and Cottage City commercial corridor 
study: facilities planning studies for two Maryland counties; and the Brook\ ille historic study 
and plan. CADRE is a non-profit corporation, chartered hv the Stale ol Maryland. 

Architecture and Engineering Performance Information Center (AEPIC): Director: John 
Loss. A joint center of the School of Architecture and the College of Engineering. AEPIC w as 
founded in 1982 to develop the systems, programs, software and storage networks tor the 
systematic collection, collation, analysis and dissemination of information about the 
performance (dysfunction) of buildings, civil structures and other constructed facilities. 

Architects, engineers, contractors, developers, manufacturers, lawyers, building owners and 
users, federal and state agencies, insurance underwriters, university and private research 
organizations and others interested in the objectives of AEPIC can use this computer-based 
collection of performance information for: (1) planning new projects: (2) reviewing existing 
structures for rehabilitation or restoration; (3) teaching (case studies): (4) modifying codes and 
regulations; (5) planning research; (6) preparing professional texts: (7) investigating for 
dispute resolution: (8) developing new products for the industry: (9) implementing effective 
quality control measures: (10) improving professional and industry practice: and (11) creating 
an in-house resource base with lessons learned from project performance. 

Center for Automation Research: Director: Dr. Azriel Rosenfeld. The Center for 
Automation Research, established in 1983. conducts interdisciplinary research in many areas 
of automation. The Center currently consists of four laboratories: Computer Vision, 
Autonomous Mobile Robotics. Human/Computer Interaction, and Robotics. Some of the 
principal areas of interest of these laboratories are as follows: 

Computer Vision: autonomous vehicle navigation: object recognition: document 
image understanding; image and map databases: machine architectures for vision: 
image processing algorithms and software. 

Autonomous Mobile Robotics: motion planning: mobile robot control: space 
robotics. 

Human/Computer Interaction: experimental studies of human performance with 
computers; novel user interface designs; data visualization and information 
exploration; network management: electronic classrooms; teleoperation. 

Robotics: control systems: kinematics: dynamics: computer-aided design; 
manufacturing automation: modeling and identification: artificial intelligence: 
locomotion; structural design: applications. 



56 Resources 



The Committee on Africa and the Americas: Chair: Carla L. Peterson. The purpose of the 
Committee is to promote the understanding and knowledge of Africa and the African diaspora 
from a disciplinary and/or multi-disciplinary perspective. Included in the Committee's 
mission are strengthening the diversity of undergraduate and graduate curricula; creating an 
academic climate where the scholarly, artistic, and intellectual contributions of Black people 
are recognized and valued; offering intra-curriculum programming; and providing 
supplemental support for faculty and graduate student research. Among the aims of the 
Committee are community building and the enhancement of Black and other faculty whose 
research focuses on the area. The Committee is a joint venture of the College of Arts and 
Humanities and Behavioral and Social Sciences. 

The Casey Journalism Center for Children and Families: Director: Cathy Trost. Funded 
by the Annie E. Casey Foundation and set up in April 1993, is a national resource for 
journalists who cover children and family issues. Its mission is to enhance reporting about the 
issues and institutions affecting disadvantaged children and their families and to increase 
public awareness about the concerns facing at-risk children. The center provides journalists 
with information on issues affecting children and families, such as health, education, child 
care, child welfare, human services, foster care and mental health. It also publishes a 
newsletter and holds an annual conference for journalists. 

Committee on East Asian Studies (CEAS): Chair: Ron Walton. Operating under the 
auspices of the College of Arts and Humanities and the College of Behavioral and Social 
Sciences, the Committee is composed of faculty, staff, and students concerned with the 
development of East Asian studies at College Park, and remains one of the central support 
units for Japanese studies on campus. The Committee recommends new courses and curricular 
changes, publicizes East Asian course offerings, promotes exchange programs, and sponsors 
numerous public activities including film festivals, public lectures, theatrical and musical 
performances, seminars and conferences. 

Comparative Education Center: Director: Richard Hopkins. Established in 1967. the 
Comparative Education Center provides cross-cultural encouragement and assistance to 
faculty and students with international education interests. Center staff members represent 
special competence on Western Europe, Africa and the Near East as well as international 
organizations. 

The Center arranges study visits for educators from other countries, holds symposia and 
occasional lectures and periodically publishes research essays on international education 
topics. The Center is associated with the Department of Education Policy, Planning, and 
Administration. 

Council for Curriculum Development and Change: Director: Steve Selden. The Council is 
committed to working with public and private schools, schools of nursing and medicine, 
business and industrial organizations, museums, and governmental and private agencies on 
issues pertaining to curriculum development and change. 

The Council serves these groups on plans for designing, implementing and evaluating 
curriculum programs; advanced study and in-service education for faculty and administrators; 
networking and identification of specialized experts in the curriculum field; and development 



Resources 57 



of national and international curriculum programs and exchanges. The Council is associated 
with the Department of Education Policy, Planning and Administration. 

Dingman Center for Entrepreneurship: Director: Dr. ( !harles Heller. I he Center is part of 
the College o\' Business and Management. Established in l ( )xx. the Center furnishes dii 
assistance to new and emerging growth business in the Mid-Atlantic region, provides 
entrepreneurship courses to business students and develops a bod) <>i scholarly research on 
timels entrepreneurial topics. 

The Dingman Center's academic program consists of a concentration in New Venture' 

Creation and Entrepreneurship. Composed of five courses, the concentration is based on a 
proven model of entrepreneurship that maintains that new business success is the result of how 
well the entrepreneur, his or her business idea and the financing of that idea all lit together. 
For more information about the Center, call 405-2144. 

International Center for the Study of Education Policy and Human Values: Director: 
Barbara Finkelstein. The Center organizes research and development programs that engage 
humanities scholars, teachers, school administrators, public officials and educators from 
several nations in cooperative research and development programs focussing on issues ol 
compelling ethical and political importance in the study and practice of education. The Center, 
as part of the Department of Education Policy. Planning and Administration, organi/c^ 
studies, creates programs, generates publications and provides consulting services in three 
areas: 1) Intercultural Education and Communication, 2) The Child, the Family, Education 
and the State, 3)Humanities and Civic Learning Policy. 

The Center organized and directs the Mid-Atlantic Region Japan-in-the-Schools Program, 
a National Intercultural Education Leadership Institute and a National Precollegiate Japan 
Projects Network. It has organized teacher education programs for National History Day, 
provides consulting services to museums, educational television stations, global education 
agencies and school systems, and cultivates research and curriculum development 
partnerships between Humanities scholars, school systems, the diplomatic corps and educators 
in the United States and in Japan. 

Center for Educational Research and Development (CERD): Director: Dr. Gerald V. 
Teague. The Center for Educational Research and Development (CERD) is a research facility 
devoted to promoting the study of analysis and complex issues in education. The problems 
addressed include student learning and development, teacher effectiveness, curriculum theorj . 
policy analysis and the social context of education. Issues are examined through a variety ol 
methodologies including qualitative approaches, surveys, correlational studies, experiments 
and philosophical/literary analysis. The Center communicates its findings broadly, attempting 
to bring new knowledge to the attention of educational decision makers and the public through 
a variety of publication outlets. 

The Center provides service to College staff in the development of scholarly activities. 
Assistance is given in the areas of literature retrieval and review, research design and analysis. 
and the communication of findings. Preparation of grant proposals including financial 
preparation, monitoring and accounting is supported. In order to conduct research activities 
and sustain communication on the application of new knowledge to educational problems, the 
Center provides a liaison with local, state and national education agencies. Collaborations of 



58 Resources 



educational, corporate and university communities engaged in common research pursuits are 
facilitated. 

Family Service Center: Director: Dr. Carol A. Werlinich. The Family Service Center (FSC) 
was established in 1980 by the Department of Family and Community Development. The 
mission of the Center's multifaceted programs is to enhance the quality of life for Maryland 
families and the communities in which they reside. 

The Center offers: (1) direct marital and family therapy service; (2) a variety of therapy 
groups for couples, single parents, adolescents and their families, etc.; (3) publication of The 
Maryland Family, a vehicle for the optimal functioning of families in the community; (4) the 
locus for clinical data collection and research; and (5) the primary training site for the 
department's clinical students. 

Of these activities, therapy training and direct services to families are central. For 10 years, 
the Center has helped train more than 100 family therapy professionals, and the Center 
provides marriage and family therapy services to over 350 Maryland families each year. No 
family is refused service because of an inability to pay. The Center has a full-time staff as well 
as associated faculty members and graduate students. 

Family Research Center: Director: Dr. Roger H. Rubin. The purpose of the Family Research 
Center (FRC) is to enhance family research opportunities by securing extramural funding and 
encouraging cooperative ventures within the University and with other institutions. A variety 
of ongoing and special research projects are operated in the Center from its facility on Knox 
Road. The current components of the center, which is associated with the Department of 
Family and Community Development, include the office of the District of Columbia 
Metropolitan Area Council on Family Relations; the Homeless and Housed Low Income Head 
Start Children's Project; the Marriage and Family Therapy Group project; the Anne Arundel 
County Drug and Alcohol Training and Prevention Program; and the Ford Foundation/Lilly 
Foundation study of the role of the Black Church in Family and Community Life. 

Center for Global Change: Director: Alan S. Miller. The Center for Global Change received 
a two-year $1.8 million grant from the Environmental Protection Agency to address global 
environmental issues by integrating relevant scientific research on atmospheric change with 
policy and technological options that might serve to abate or ameliorate such changes. By 
coordinating and interacting with the University's scientific and academic resources, the 
Center brings together scientists and policy analysts from a range of fields to define programs 
of scientific research, policy analysis and education. Building on its scientific base, the Center 
identifies technologies and policy strategies that reduce pollution and support important 
societal goals, particularly economic growth. The Center funds University faculty to conduct 
primary scientific research focused on global change and it also supports several graduate 
students. The Center is jointly sponsored by the College of Behavioral and Social Science and 
the Colleges of Agricultural and Life Sciences. 

The Center for Higher Education Governance and Leadership conducts research and 
publishes studies on trusteeship and the management of American colleges and universities. 
The Center is directed by Professor Richard Chait, EDPA. 



Resources 59 



Center for Innovation: Director: Jerald Hage. The Centei foi Innoval has two majoi 

programs of research. The first looks at the consequences ol investments in human capital and 
in technology or more generally the growth in knowledge on the nature ol organizations, 

including their performances, and on economic growth in the larger society. Special attention 
is given to the role of innovation Tor both of these problems. I he second program examines 
the political economy of local economic and institutional development in Maryland and in 
various developing countries. While the two programs overlap in the intellectual content, they 
involve quite different research agendas. The lirst program is primal il> concerned with the 
development of new sociological and social science theories while the second involves action 
research projects designed to create institutional and economic change. Both are 
interdisciplinary. The Center is an active member of the Science. Technology and Societ) 
program at the University of Maryland and is supported by both the College of Behavioral and 
Social Sciences and the College of Agriculture as well as grants from various funding 
agencies. 

Center for International Business Education and Research (CIBKR): Director: Lee E. 
Preston, Associate Director: Robert E. Scott. CIBERs role is to develop and expand research. 
teaching and outreach activities on the UMCP campus related to all aspects of international 
business, international institutions and relationships, languages, foreign environments and 
cultures, as well as business operations and strategies. CIBER sponsors research projects. 
conferences, internships and other activities involving faculty and students in the Maryland 
Business School, other units and disciplines at UMCP, other UMS campuses and other 
educational institutions and organizations in the Baltimore- Washington area and surrounding 
region. 

Center for International Development and Conflict Management (CIDCM): Acting 
Director: Edy Kaufman. The Center is a think tank and research unit focusing on the study, 
management and resolution of protracted domestic and regional conflicts, population 
pressures, and related issues of political, economic and social development. It has close faculty 
and student links to the Department of Government and Politics. 

A major concern of the Center since its founding in 1981 has been with the analysis and 
resolution of "protracted social conflicts." These are long-term conflicts among national, 
ethnic, religious or cultural communities involving deep-rooted issues of identity, security. 
and opportunity for effective participation is the larger social context. The challenge is to 
provide analyses and to devise techniques that allow the parties to go beyond the adversarial 
framework of official diplomacy, to recognize and begin to address cooperatively the 
underlying identity and developmental needs as experienced by each community. 

Extensive information on processes of international and domestic conflict and cooperation, 
and the groups involved in them, is available from two global data banks maintained by the 
Center: The Conflict and Peace Data Bank (COPDAB), developed by Edward Azar and being 
updated under the direction of John L. Davies in the Global Event- Data System (GEDS); and 
the Minorities at Risk Project, directed by T.R. Gurr. GEDS provides widely used data on the 
daily interactions of over 150 nation-states and some 200 non-state groups worldwide for 
much of the post-World War II period. The Minorities at Risk project is a global survey with 
coded profiles of 240 ethnic groups and data on their current concerns and their involvement 
in conflict since 1945. The "Partners in Conflict" project promotes active cooperation in 



60 Resources 



research, teaching and training among active elements in the civil societies of conflicting 
nations and states. 

Other current projects at CIDCM are concerned with Protracted Social Conflict; Population, 
Development and Peace; Conflict and Environmental Change; International Conflict 
Management; Ethnicity and Conflict; and Regional Studies. 

Faculty at the Center teach regular courses on related topics within the University of 
Maryland, and supervise the research and training of the many graduate students and 
undergraduate interns involved in the above projects. 

Service to the wider community of scholars and to the public include: sponsorship of public 
lectures, seminar, and policy round-table discussions on a variety of contemporary issues; and 
hosting resident and visiting scholars and fellows from the United States and other parts of the 
world. 

Center for International Security Studies at Maryland: Director: I. M. Destler. First 
established in 1984 as the Maryland International Security Project, the Center for International 
Security Studies at Maryland provides university-wide opportunities for research, training and 
publication in the field of international security and foreign policy. The Center works with 
many campus colleges and departments to provide conferences, guest lectures and special 
seminars throughout the year on topics that relate to the complex challenges of achieving 
peace and security in the 1990s. Curriculum development includes such courses as: Economic 
Analysis and International Security; Alliance Relations; Science. Technology and National 
Security; and Ethics and National Security Policy. Each year, the Center invites a 
multinational group of junior and senior scholars here to work with the Center's faculty, staff 
and students on a variety of individual and collaborative projects. The Center also maintains 
an archive of selected historical materials in international security affairs. Current 
collaborative projects include the Nuclear History Program and Women In International 
Security (WHS). 

Knight Center for Specialized Journalism: Director: Howard Bray. The Knight Center was 
established in 1987 in the College of Journalism with a three-year grant from the Knight 
Foundation, which was renewed in 1990. The Center awards Knight Center Fellowships to 
experienced reporters and editors for intensive, specially-designed courses to enhance their 
understanding of complex subjects, such as finance and economics, science, medicine and 
health, and the law. In its first five years of operation, the center has hosted more than 500 
reporters and editors attending 19 different courses running one to two weeks, on subjects 
ranging from public and private finance and nuclear power to race, class and ethnicity. A 
National Advisory Board of senior news executives-and journalists provides guidance to the 
Center. 

The Language Center: Acting Director: J. Marshall Unger; Assistant Acting Director: 
Charlotte Groff Aldridge. The Language Center, located in Jimenez Hall, promotes cross- 
departmental projects in teaching and research relating to other languages and cultures. It 
provides for the common needs of language instruction for all the individual campus units, 
which include the Language House, the Language Media Center, and the Foreign Language 
Program (FOLA), involved in second language acquisition. 



Resources 61 



Latin American Studies Center: Director: Saul Sosnowski. Housed in the Department ol 
Spanish and Portuguese, the Center promotes and coordinates research and conducts related 
activities among Latin Americanist scholars from the University and institutions in Latin 
America and the Caribbean. The Center encourages the development ol academic programs 

and seeks to enrich the University's intellectual life through its multidisciplinarv approach to 
the studs o\' the region. The Center also holds conferences and symposia on a v ariet) ol issues 
and sponsors the publication and distribution of the resulting volumes and ol occasional 
papers. The Center is the home of the wide-ranging "Discovering the Americas'* program 
(1987-1993) and the residency site for the Rockefeller Foundation Fellowships in the 
Humanities. 

The Maryland Center for Quality and Productivity: Director: Tom Turtle. The Maryland 
Center for Quality and Productivity operates within the College of Business and Management. 
Established in 1977, the Maryland Center promotes productivity, quality and labor 
management cooperation in Maryland. The Center helps organizations develop productivity 
measurement systems, employee involvement programs, productivity gain-sharing systems, 
joint labor-management projects and other "tactical" improvements. 

The Center has four major functions: 1) to foster increased quality and productivity and to 
increase competitiveness through direct technical assistance to public and private sector 
organizations in Maryland; 2) to act as a clearinghouse for information about quality and 
productivity and publish a bimonthly newsletter. The Maryland Workplace, 3) to increase 
knowledge levels about quality and productivity in Maryland through the regular curriculum 
of the University, as well as through training programs sponsored by the Center; and 4) to 
conduct research that adds to the body of knowledge about quality and productivity. 

The Center has two offices; the College Park office handles consulting and training 
activities and the Baltimore office conducts quality and productivity assessments for 
Maryland manufacturing firms. 

Maryland Justice Analysis Center: Director: Charles Wellford. This Center was established 
by Executive Order of the Governor as a part of the Institute of Criminal Justice and 
Criminology. The purpose of the Center is to conduct statistical studies of criminal and 
juvenile justice issues identified in consultation with State and local criminal justice agencies. 
Funding for the Center is provided by the U.S. Department of Justice and by various criminal 
justice agencies. 

Center for Mathematics Education: Director: Dr. James T. Fey. The Center for 
Mathematics Education facilitates a graduate program in mathematics education relating 
mathematics, psychology and learning. The Center provides a setting in which graduate 
students, faculty, participating children, parents and appropriate visitors can become involved 
in the formal and informal interactions so essential to applied research on the learning and 
teaching of mathematics. 

In support of its graduate program, the Center sponsors two major projects: the Mathematics 
Clinic and the Mathematics Teaching Laboratory. The Mathematics Clinic provides a setting 
where graduate students can study the teaching and learning of mathematics as they work 
directly with students in grades 1-12 who have difficulty learning mathematics. Models and 



62 Resources 



procedures for the diagnosis and remediation of learning difficulties in mathematics are tested 
and refined in the Clinic. 

The Mathematics Teaching Laboratory provides an extensive array of materials for teaching 
elementary school mathematics that Center faculty and graduate students not only evaluate but 
also use in their work with children or pre-service teachers. 

Center for Neural and Cognitive Sciences: Director: Dr. Avis Cohen. The Center for Neural 
and Cognitive Sciences offers a wide range of research and training opportunities for students 
who are interested in pursuing doctoral-level research in a variety of areas within the fields of 
neuroscience, cognitive neuroscience, and cognitive sciences. Faculty research interests range 
from molecular neurobiology to studies of neural and behavioral systems and cognition. 
Approaches to research include both theoretical and experimental. Both the research and the 
training activities of the Center take place within the individual participating departments, 
which include Psychology, Zoology, Poultry Science, Hearing and Speech Sciences, Animal 
Sciences, Linguistics, Computer Science, Human Nutrition and Food Systems, Electrical 
Engineering, the Center for Automation Research, Kinesiology, Philosophy, and Human 
Development. The Center offers an introductory graduate course, Fundamentals of Neural and 
Cognitive Neuroscience, as well as a journal club, a colloquium series and other activities to 
bring together the teaching and research activities of diverse faculty and students who have as 
their common goal the pursuit of careers in the fields. Many of the Center's faculty also are 
affiliated with the Cognitive Studies program, the Molecular and Cellular Biology program 
and the Nutritional Sciences program, which greatly enhances research opportunities for its 
faculty and students. 

Center for Political Participation and Leadership: Director: Georgia Jones Sorenson. The 
Center was created in 1989 to foster future generations of political leaders through education, 
service, and research. The Center's educational activities include a core curriculum on 
political leadership, fellowships for undergraduates and graduate students in local, state, 
federal and international agencies, a program for athlete-scholar leaders, conferences and 
seminars on leadership. Its research activities include a longitudinal study of the early life 
experiences of Maryland General Assembly members, basic research on transformational 
political leadership, and white papers by Senior Fellows on public policy issues. Its service 
component includes international spacebridges with elected leaders, internship placements 
with elected officials, an annual directory of international women political ledgers, and an 
annual high school leadership program. The Center has a special mission to encourage 
students from groups historically underrepresented in the political process. 

Center on Population, Gender and Social Inequality. Director: Harriet Presser. The Center 
is a population research and training program located in the Department of Sociology. The 
Center supports interdisciplinary research on the determinants and consequences of 
population processes such as fertility, mortality, migration, labor force participation, and 
family formation and dissolution. More specifically, Center research focuses on the 
interrelationships between two core elements of social structure (gender and social inequality) 
and population processes. Research is funded almost entirely be external grants and presently 
offers graduate student fellowships through the Hewlett Foundation. The Center sponsors a 
regularly scheduled seminar series with speakers drawn locally as well as from outside of the 
region and an audience drawn primarily from the Washington/Baltimore metropolitan area. 



Resources 63 



Reading Center: Director: Dr. Jean Dreher. Hie Reading Centei provides support services foi 
undergraduate and graduate students in the area ol reading education. [Tie Center's faculty 
believe thai a positive learning environment facilitates learning; the) are continuous!) 
searching for ways to improve reading instruction. 

The Center operates a diagnostic and remedial clinic in which graduate students work with 
children who have mild to severe reading difficulties. Clinical diagnosis and instruction are ol 
the highest quality and are closel) supervised. Hundreds of graduate students have refined 

their diagnostic and remedial instructional skills in the clinic, which has assisted more than 
2.000 children. The clinic also provides a pool ol research subjects lor faculty and graduate 
students. 

The Center facilitates faculty research through awarding small grants, obtaining research 
subjects and sponsoring staff development in such areas as research design and statistical 
procedures. 

Collaborative efforts are made with other UMCP faculty as well as with the Mar) land State 
Department of Education and the local schools. These efforts have resulted in interdisciplinary 
classes, conferences and research projects. Faculty and graduate students aid local schools b) 
conducting in-service activities, consulting on curriculum development and providing support 
to parent organizations. 

Center for Renaissance and Baroque Studies: Founding Director: S. Schoenbaum 
(UMCP); Executive Director: Adele Seeff (UMCP). Housed in the campus* College of Arts 
and Humanities, the Center was established in 1981 to consolidate existing strengths in 
Renaissance and Baroque studies at the University of Maryland at College Park, and building 
on these strengths to create dynamic interdisciplinary programs of national and international 
renown. The Center has several objectives: to enhance programs in the College of Arts and 
Humanities by fostering cross-departmental collaboration; to provide new research and 
teaching opportunities and increased professional exposure for faculty within the College; to 
increase visibility for the College of Arts and Humanities by promoting ties with other 
Maryland and capital-area research and cultural institutions; to enrich the life of the University 
and area community through lectures, conferences, exhibitions, concerts and other public 
presentations; and to build partnerships with secondary and middle school faculty in the 
Maryland public schools. 

The Center sponsors projects such as the scholar-in-residence program, which appoints a 
distinguished scholar for a semester to teach, lecture and conduct faculty colloquia: a visiting 
actor program; an annual interdisciplinary symposium; and yearlong programs and summer 
institutes for secondary school teachers of literature and the fine arts. 

Center for Research in Public Communication: Director: Dr. Mark R. Levy. The Center is 
designed to facilitate research by faculty of the College of Journalism, and by advanced 
graduate students, into the structures and processes of public communication, including 
journalism, pubic relations, advertising and other forms of mass communication. The Center 
also serves as the editorial base of the Journal of Communication, one of the major U.S. 
communication research journals. 



64 Resources 



The Center's philosophy has three elements: 1) stress on the holistic character of the public 
communication process: 2) concern with comparative cross-cultural research: and 3) policy 
orientation. This philosophy underlies the studies conducted by the Center's research 
associates. 

Some examples of planned and on-going projects include: a study of the process of the 
globalization of television news, comprising a comparative multi-national investigation of the 
production, content and audience decodings of television news; the role of media as sources 
of interpretative frameworks defining social issues: and a five-year study, funded by the 
foundation of the International Association of Business Communicators (IABC). on 
excellence in public relations and communication management: and a study of the how those 
departments contribute to the effectiveness of their organizations: and a study of "The New 
Television Marketplace" that examines the implications of the changes in the television 
marketplace for the diversity, innovation, quality and creative freedom in American television 
programming. 

Center for Rotorcraft Education and Research: Director: Dr. Inderjit Chopra. The Center 
for Rotorcraft Education and Research operates within the Department of Aerospace 
Engineering and is one of three Centers of Excellence in Rotorcraft Technology created by the 
U.S. Army Research Office. The purpose of the Center is to expand the rotorcraft technology 
base through the conduct of research and the training of M.S. and Ph.D. rotorcraft specialists. 

Graduate studies and research are conducted in rotorcraft aeroelasticity. vibrations, 
structural dynamics and composite structures. The Center conducts a broad range of 
analytical, computational and experimental research, with major projects in helicopter rotor 
blade tip aerodynamics, rotor-body interactional aerodynamics, rotor aeroelastic stability, 
delamination of composite structures, structural couplings of composite blades, and unsteady 
and circulation control aerodynamics. For a description of the specific research facilities of the 
center, see the program entry for Aerospace Engineering. 

The facilities for experimental research include several wind tunnels, the Composite 
Research Laboratory (CORE), a rotorcraft model rig, a rotorcraft hover test facility, a rotor 
vacuum chamber, a structural dynamics laboratory, two shops for model and fixture 
fabrication and a laboratory computer network for data acquisition, reduction and 
presentation. 

Science Teaching Center: Director: Dr. John W. Layman. The Science Teaching Center, 
through the Department of Curriculum and Instruction, offers master's and doctoral degrees 
specializing in science education. Students may focus their studies on research in: science 
curriculum development, evaluation and implementation: interactive computer systems: 
problem solving and inquiry processes; science classroom processes and management; 
learning science in non-school settings; studying how students learn science; science and 
learning from texts and visuals; science teacher development. In addition, other education 
topics at the elementary, secondary and post-secondary levels directly related to the learning 
and teaching of science can be pursued. 

Currently, the Center consists of six professors, a support staff and 40 active master's and 
doctoral students. Faculty members collaborate with graduate students to actively engage in 
research in new technologies, reading comprehension and classroom processes. A 



Resources 65 



comprehensive collection of curriculum materials and documents enhances the functional 
the Center. 

Flexible course requirements alio* students to develop competence in the theoi 
research of science education, as w ell as in a science discipline. ( iraduale students consult with 
a facult) ad\ iSCT to develop a program Ol studs that meets their needs and interests. I he 
Of the student's program consists of COUrsework in science education, research methodof 
and science. 

Center for Studies in Nineteenth-Centur\ Music: Director: H. Robert Cohen; Associate- 
Director: Luke Jensen. The Center promotes research focusing on nineteenth-century music 
and musical life. The center's programs are designed to facilitate the study, collection, editing, 
indexing and publication of documentary source materials considered invaluable tor 
furthering research in this area. The Center also promotes research focusing on the 
development of computer programs and laser printing techniques that permit both the 
realization of internationally coordinated scholarly undertakings dealing with immense 
amounts of documentation and the production of scholarly publications in a camera-reads 
format. The Center currently produces the Repertoire international de la presse musk ale ( 1 00 
projected volumes, under the auspices of the International Musicological Society and the 
International Association of Music Libraries): the First Edition of the Music Criticism of 
Hector Berlioz ( 1 1 projected volumes in collaboration with France's Ministry of Culture and 
scholars at the Paris Conservatory and at the L'niversity of Quebec in Montreal): the 
monograph series Musical Life in Nineteenth-Century France and the journal Periodica 
Musica. The Center welcomes the participation of graduate students, ottering an opportunits 
to participate in internationally sanctioned research programs. 

Center for Substance Abuse Research (CESAR): Director: Eric D. Wish. Established in 
1990. CESAR is a research unit sponsored by the College of Behavioral and Social Sciences. 
CESAR staff gather, analyze, and disseminate information on issues of substance abuse, and 
monitor alcohol and drug use indicators throughout Maryland. CESAR aids state and local 
governments in responding to the problem of substance abuse by providing the policy-relevant 
information and technical assistance. Faculty members from across campus are involved with 
CESAK-based research, creating a center in which substance abuse issues are analyzed from 
multi-disciplinary perspectives. Students obtain advanced technical training and hands-on 
experience through their involvement in original surveys, statistical analyses, and other 
research. 

Center for Superconductivity Research: Director: Richard L. Greene. The Center for 
Superconductivity Research directs interdisciplinary research in basic and applied 
superconductivity. The more than 15 faculty members associated with the Center have 
appointments in the Physics. Chemistry, Electrical Engineering and Materials Science 
departments. The Center's goals are: 1) to increase knowledge of the phenomena of 
superconductivity and of superconducting materials; 2) to train students needed for future 
superconducting technologies: and 3) to interact with industry in the development of 
superconducting applications. 

The Center emphasizes graduate programs and research although undergraduate 
participation is encouraged. The active research program of the faculty, research associates. 



66 Resources 



students and visiting scientists is recognized worldwide and serves as a focus for the latest 
information on the science and technology of superconductivity. 

Survey Research Center: Director: Stanley Presser. The Survey Research Center was created 
in 1980 as a research facility within the College of Behavioral and Social Sciences. The Center 
specializes in the design and conduct of surveys for scholarly and policy purposes. The Center 
provides aNsistance to researchers in sample design, questionnaire construction, telephone and 
mail data collection, and data entry and coding of questionnaires. 

The Center provides both technical training and practical experience to students. It also has 
a strong community service mission; it provides technical assistance on survey design to units 
of state and local government, and it conducts surveys on a contract or grant basis for these 
government units. Twice a year, the Center conducts the Maryland Poll, a statewide survey on 
both scholarly and public policy issues. 

Transportation Studies Center: Director: Everett C. Carter (UMCP). Housed in the College 
of Engineering, the Center acts as a catalyst to foster research, development and 
interdisciplinary studies in transportation. With the input from other departments of College 
Park and other campuses, the Center also provides the means for investigators from different 
disciplines to work together on a wide range of transportation-related problems. The Center's 
objectives are: to identify potential research projects by establishing a dialogue and rapport 
with sponsoring agencies and offices; to provide coordination between the various disciplines 
engaged in or having the potential to engage in transportation research and between potential 
research sponsors and University researchers; to facilitate cooperation for joint undertakings 
between the University of Maryland and other universities and industry; to promote and. 
where appropriate, to supervise specific educational programs of an interdisciplinary nature. 

Among the areas identified for interest and research potential are transportation systems 
management, transportation planning, public policy, public utilities, systems analysis, mass 
transit systems, conservation of energy, terminal location, bridge and pavement design, traffic 
flow coordination, traffic safety and efficiency, transportation economics, air transportation, 
air pollution, noise control, highway design, environmental considerations, and air, rail, water 
and highway alternatives. 

Center for Urban Special Education: Directors: Dr. Philip J. Burke and Dr. Margaret 
McLaughlin. The Center was established through formal agreement and is a school/university 
partnership between the Institute for the Study of Exceptional Children and Youth Public 
Schools. The Center's purpose is to foster collaborative planning, as well as research and 
professional development between the university and the city's schools, and to address the 
critical problems of urban disadvantaged children aad youth who are also disabled. These 
students frequently require comprehensive, multiple agency services. Problems related to 
providing such services include developing more flexible policies for urban settings, 
demonstrating and documenting instructional practices that are effective with urban 
disadvantaged and disabled students, and maintaining an adequate supply of well qualified 
personnel. The Center addresses these problems by providing a forum for dialogue, a program 
of leadership development including specific degree programs, and the establishment of 
research and development projects that are designed to promote the long range goals of the 
city's schools. 



Resources 67 



Water Resources Research Center: Director: Dr. George R. Helz, I Ik- Watei Resoui 
Research Center sponsors and coordinates research on .ill aspects ol watei supply, demand, 
distribution, utilization, quality enhancement or degradation, and allocation 01 management. 
The Center joins University researchers and educators with watei resource user groups, such 
as citizens groups and local, state and federal management and regulator) agencies to solve 
both basic and applied water resources problems. The ( enter sponsors research proposals thai 
address water problems within the state and region and uses advisor) committees to determine 
water resources problems that confront management, regulator) and health agencies and/or 
citizens of me state. The Center also brings together the technical expertise, financial resources 
and other contributions necessary to help soke existing wain resources problems and GO 
generate basic scientific information that ma) contribute to solutions ol future problems or 
may prevent development of new water resource problems. The Center's funds are derived 
from the Water Resources Division, U.S. Geological Survey, under PL 98-242, and from 
substantial University contributions in faculty time and other expenses, funds are made 
available for research projects on a competitive basis. The Center also trains graduate and 
undergraduate students in water resources and the transfer of existing water resources 
knowledge to user groups. 

Center for Young Children: Director: Dr. Francine Favretto. The Center for Young Children 
is under the direction of the Institute for Child Study in the Department of Human 
Development. It serves as a model of developmental^ appropriate early childhood education 
and offers half-day and full-day programs for children three, four, and five years old whose 
parents are affiliated with the University. The Center is a research center and a teacher training 
site for the College of Education. Located in the Cambridge Complex, the Center has four 
classrooms and two research rooms that may be scheduled by faculty and graduate students. 

Institutes 

Institute for Advanced Computer Studies: Director: Joseph Ja'Ja'. Since 1985, the Institute 
for Advanced Computer Studies (UMIACS) has been the campus focal point for 
interdisciplinary research activities in computing. The Institute has approximately 50 rotating 
faculty representing the departments of Computer Science. Electrical Engineering. 
Mechanical Engineering, Physics, Linguistics, Mathematics. Business and Management. 
Philosophy and Geography. UMIACS operates a Parallel Processing Laboratory which 
includes a 32 processor CM-5 Supercomputer which is used by researchers throughout the 
University system as well as from outside. UMIACS annually publishes more than KM) 
Technical Reports nd sponsors short courses, lecture series, workshops and conferences. 

Institute for Child Study: Director: Robert C. Hardy. Founded in 1947. the Institute for Child 
Study is affiliated with the Department of Human Development, which offers graduate 
programs leading to the Master of Education, Master of Arts, Doctor of Philosophy and Doctor 
of Education degrees and the Advanced Graduate Specialist Certificate in human development 
across the life span. These programs have an educational psychology focus and provide a 
multidisciplinary approach to development across the life span. The Institute collects. 
interprets and synthesizes the scientific findings in various fields that are concerned with 
human growth, development, learning and behavior. Institute research is concerned primarily 
with social and cognitive aspects of development. The Institute provides extensive off-campus 



68 Resources 



services to communicate current scientific findings in human development to those agencies 
and institutions that request such support. 

Cooperative Institute for Climate Studies (CICS): Director: Dr. Robert G. Ellingson. One 
of nine such centers established by the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration 
(NOAA), the Institute fosters collaborative research between NOAA and the University in 
studies on radiation budget parameter estimation from space, climate diagnostics, modeling 
and prediction. The radiation budget estimation research is concerned with understanding and 
estimating the exchange of electromagnetic radiation within the global system, the major 
physical process driving its climate. The diagnosis and prediction studies are concerned with 
improving the understanding and prediction of climate anomalies on seasonal and monthly 
time scales. Technical advice is available on these and related atmospheric problems. 

Institute of Criminal Justice and Criminology: Director: Charles Wellford. The Institute 
coordinates the University's interests and activities in the areas of law enforcement, 
criminology and corrections. The Institute has a very extensive and carefully integrated 
undergraduate program. Special emphasis, however, is placed on graduate programs and on 
research. 

The research capabilities and the academic programs of the Institute make possible the 
achievement of its primary goal the education of social and behavioral scientists who have 
chosen the problem of crime and its prevention and controls as their specialization. The 
Institute offers the M.A. degree with options in criminology or criminal justice and the Ph.D. 
degree in criminal justice and criminology. 

Institute for Governmental Service: Director: Dr. Barbara Hawk. The Institute provides 
information, consulting, research and technical assistance services to county, municipal 
governments and state agencies in Maryland. Assistance is provided in such areas as program 
evaluation, survey research, preparation of charters and codes of ordinances, budgeting and 
financial management, information systems and related local, state or intergovernmental 
management activities. The Institute analyzes and shares with governmental officials 
information concerning professional developments and opportunities for new or improved 
programs and activities. 

Institute for Philosophy and Public Policy: Director: Dr. Mark Sagoff. The Institute for 
Philosophy and Public Policy conducts an interdisciplinary program of research and 
curriculum development, and it investigates the structure of arguments and the nature of 
values relevant to the formation, justification, and criticism of public policy. Most research 
efforts are chosen from topics expected to be a focus of public policy debate during the next 
decade. They are coordinated by Institute research ^staff and conducted cooperatively by 
working groups composed of philosophers, policymakers, analysts, and other experts from 
within and without the government. This diversity permits comprehensive examination of the 
major aspects of the complex issues investigated. Current research areas include: regulatory 
policy, environmental ethics, the nature of ecology, the rationality of attitudes toward risk, 
equality of opportunity, the ethics of legal negotiation, and the mass media and democratic 
values. Research products are made available through commercial publication, distribution of 
model courses, a quarterly newsletter, working papers, and workshops. 



Resources 69 



The Institute's curriculum developmenl seeks to bring philosophical issues before future 
policymakers and citizens. Courses dealing with contemporary normative issues in the 

national and international arenas are offered through the School ol Law, School ol Public 
Allans, and various undergraduate programs. ( lourses that have been offered include: Hui 
and Affluence, Philosophical Issues in Public Policy; Human Rights and Foreign Poli 
Ethies and Energy Policy; The Endangered Species Problem; kisk and Consent; Ethics and 
the New International Order; The Morality of Forced Military Service: Theory of Regulator) 
Policy; Ethies and National Security: and Environmental Ethics. The Institute operates within 
the School of Public Affairs. 

Institute for Physical Science and Technology: Director: James A. Ybrke. I he Institute foi 

Physical Science and Technology is a center for interdisciplinary research m [Hire and applied 
science problems that lie between those areas served by the academic departments. These 
interdisciplinary problems afford challenging opportunities for thesis research and classroom 
instruction. Current research topics include a variety of problems in applied mathematics. 
statistical physics, optical physics, fluid mechanics, physics of condensed matter, space 
science, upper atmospheric physics, engineering physics and biomathematics. Other areas ol 
interest are remote sensing, the effect of ionizing radiation on chemical systems, and the 
history of science and technology. 

Courses and thesis research guidance by the faculty of the Institute are provided through the 
graduate programs in the academic departments of the College of Computer. Mathematical 
and Physical Sciences. The Institute sponsors a wide variety of seminars. Of principal interest 
are general seminars in statistical physics, applied mathematics, fluid dynamics and in atomic 
and molecular physics. Information about these can be obtained by writing the Director or by 
calling (301) 405-4875. 

Institute for Research in Higher and Adult Education: Director: Robert O. Berdahl. The 
Institute's primary focus is to encourage and support the study of public policy issues 
concerning the relations between institutions of higher and adult education and their state and 
federal governments. The Institute concentrates on state level problems, including: 1 ) 
legislative performance audits of higher education; 2) evaluation of statewide boards of higher 
education; 3) interactions among statewide boards, accrediting agencies and universities: 4) 
fundraising and research development: and 5) inter-institutional cooperation. The Institutes 
location in College Park, next to the nation's capital, also facilitates monitoring and 
researching federal policies in postsecondary education. 

Most of the Institute's faculty members are from the Department of Education Policy. 
Planning and Administration; however, interaction with students and faculty from other 
relevant areas is strongly encouraged. 

Institute for the Study of Exceptional Children and Youth: Director: Philip J. Burke. 
Housed in the Department of Special Education in the College of Education, the Institute is a 
problem-centered organization engaged in innovation, research and evaluation related to 
major issues affecting the lives of exceptional individuals, including the gifted and talented as 
well as the handicapped. The Institute has five interlocking task areas: policy studies. 
consumer involvement and evaluation, leadership development, interdisciplinary studies and 
dissemination. 



70 Resources 



The Institute also administers research and demonstration programs in the areas of public 
policy urban special education, technology and international studies. In addition, it serves as 
a center for technical assistance to local schools and agencies with respect to needs of 
handicapped children and youth. The Institute focuses its resources on key issues, problems 
and research areas that will maintain a strong and independent voice in matters relating to 
exceptional children and youth. 

Institute for Systems Research: Director: Steven I. Marcus. The Institute for Systems 
Research (ISR) at the University of Maryland promotes a unique approach to fundamental 
systems engineering research and education. Established in 1985 in the National Science 
Foundation as one of the six original Engineering Research Centers, the ISR fosters basic 
study in the applications of advanced computer technology in the engineering design of high 
performance, complex automatic control and communications systems. Three colleges at the 
University of Maryland are involved in the Institute: College of Engineering, College of 
Computer, Mathematical and Physical Sciences, and College of Business and Management. 
Harvard University's Division of Applied Mathematics is also involved. The Institute's 
research activities are built around three interrelated focus application areas: Intelligent 
Control Systems, Intelligent Signal Processing and Communications Systems, and Systems 
Integration Methodology. 

Offices 

Office of Executive Programs: For over a decade, the Maryland Business School's Office of 
Executive Programs (OEP) has provided custom-designed programs to top-level executives 
from the corporate, government and nonprofit sectors. These programs sharpen executives' 
skills in problem analysis, decision-making, and resource allocation, OEP's clients include 
AT&T, Baltimore Gas & Electric, Bethlehem Steel, and Westinghouse. 

Laboratories 

Laboratory for Chemical Evolution: Director: Cyril Ponnamperuma. The primary purpose 
of the Laboratory of Chemical Evolution is the study of the origin of life on earth. It provides 
opportunities for graduate and undergraduate study and research in chemical evolution and 
serves as a center for international collaboration on one of the most fundamental problems of 
all science. The LCE is part of the Department of Chemistry at the University of Maryland. 
Cooperation with other departments on the College Park campus, with the Space Sciences 
Laboratory, and with the nearby Goddard Space Flight Center of the National Aeronautics and 
Space Administration makes possible a multifaceted approach to the study of chemical 
evolution on earth and elsewhere in the universe. 

Laboratory for Coastal Research: Director: Stephen Leatherman. The Laboratory for 
Coastal Research was established to create a focus for the advancement of research and other 
scholarly activities about processes and structures of coastal environments worldwide, and 
Maryland's coasts in particular. The principal focus of and unifying factor for the Laboratory 
affiliates is physical process research and related environment/socio-economic implications. 
In addition to theoretical and conceptual considerations, practical problems are also addressed. 
Recent work within the Laboratory has focused upon erosion zone mapping, particularly in 
connection with the National Flood Insurance Program; the impacts of accelerated sea-level 



Resources 71 



nso. both domestical!) and internationally; past and future relative sea-level rise projections; 
beach profile dynamics; and island loss in the Chesapeake Ba\. 

Laboratory for Global Remote Sensing Studies: Director Samuel v Goward. rhe 
Laborator) for Global Remote Sensing Studies is a research facilit) in the Department ot 
Geograph) which is directed toward geographic research in regional, continental and global 

scale assessments of earth phenomena. Data sources include observations from earth-orbiting 
satellites such as the NOAA meteorological observatories, the NASA experimental Nimbus 
series. Landsat and SPOT. Current research focuses on spatio-temporal dynamics ot terrestrial 
vegetation, its role in energ> -mass exchange by the earth and the influence of human acti\ ities 
on the biospheric dynamics and on large area vegetation monitoring. This research is 
conducted with the support of grant funds from the National Aeronautics and Space 
Administration, the National Science Foundation, the U.S. Department of Agriculture and 
other funding agencies. Six department facult) members, tour research assoeiates and ten 
graduate research assistants currently participate in the laboratory 

The laboratory facilities are contained in o\er 2,000 sq. ft. ot space within the Geography 
Department in LeFrak Hall. College Park campus. The space is dedicated to computer-based 
image processing and analysis, geographic information systems and automated cartography. 
Hardware includes various L'nix-based workstations from Hewlett-Packard and Sun. 
networked for integration, as well as IBM and Apple Macintosh personal computers. An 
extensive range of software packages operate on these facilities including PCI Inc.. image 
analysis and ESRI Arc-Info GIS packages. A variety of input and output de\ ices tor handling 
digital data, maps, images and other graphics are connected to the computer facilities. Field 
equipment including spectrometers, cameras and micrometeorological instruments is 
available. Additional laboratory facilities are available within the Department for 
biogeochemical and physical analyses as well as cartographic drafting and reproduction. 

Laboratory for Plasma Research: Director: Dr. Victor Granatstein. The University of 

Maryland's Laboratory for Plasma Research is internationally recognized for its outstanding 
contributions in both basic and applied plasma physics. Laboratory members include 1 : 
teaching faculty spanning five different departments as well as 30 research facult) . 2<> \ siting 
scientists and 50 graduate students. Research activity is centered in the new Lniversin of 
Maryland's Energy Research Building, which houses experimental and computer facilities as 
well as a research libran . Major ongoing experiments include spheromak ta spherical 
tokamak). free electron lasers for heating magnetic fusion plasmas, intense relativistic electron 
beams, gyrotron amplifiers for driving linear supercolliders and a low emittance electron beam 
transport experiment. Diagnostic equipment includes high power lasers and spectrograph^ 
apparatus covering the electromagnetic spectrum from x-rays to microwaves. Computational 
facilities include access to the CRAY II and III computers at the Magnetic Fusion Energ\ 
Computer Center as well as a large number of in-house personal computers and work stations. 

Consortia 

The University of Maryland is a member of a number of national and local consortia 
concerned with advanced education and research. They offer a variety of opportunities for 
senior scholar and graduate student research. 



72 Resources 



Oak Ridge Associated Universities, Inc., (ORAU), is a non-profit educational and research 
consortium of 51 colleges and universities in the South formed in order to broaden the 
opportunities for member institutions collectively to participate in many fields of education 
and research in the natural sciences related to the environment, energy and health. Educational 
programs range from short term courses or institutes, conducted with ORAU facilities and 
staff, to fellowship programs administered by ORAU for the U.S. Department of Energy. 

The National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR), was created to serve as a focal 
point of a vigorous and expanding national research effort in the atmospheric sciences. NCAR 
is operated under the sponsorship of the National Science Foundation by the University 
Corporation For Atmospheric Research (UCAR), made up of 48 U.S. and Canadian 
universities with doctoral programs in the atmospheric sciences or related fields. The scientific 
staff includes meteorologists, astronomers, chemists, physicists, mathematicians, and 
representatives of other disciplines. Over the years. UMCP Meteorology department, faculty, 
and staff members have had an active collaboration with NCAR colleagues and have made use 
of NCAR facilities. The Meteorology Department maintains a mini-computer that allows 
access to NCAR's CRAY 1 computer. 

Universities Research Association, Inc., (URA), a group of 52 universities engaged in high 
energy research, is the sponsoring organization for the Fermi National Accelerator 
Laboratory, funded by the U.S. Department of Energy. The accelerator, located near Batavia. 
Illinois, is the world's highest-energy proton accelerator. University of Maryland faculty and 
graduate students have been involved in experiments at Fermilab since its inception. 

The Inter-University Communications Council (EDUCOM) provides a forum for the 
appraisal of the current state of the art in communications science and technology and its 
relation to the planning and programs of colleges and universities. The council particularly 
fosters inter-university cooperation in the area of communications science. 

The Center for Excellence in Space Data and Information Sciences (CESDIS), which is 
located at the Goddard Space Flight Center in Greenbelt, Maryland, is jointly funded by the 
University of Maryland and the National Aeronautics and Space Administration through the 
Universities Space Research Association (USRA), a consortium of 62 universities. CESDIS 
has close ties to the Department of Computer Science at College Park. Two faculty members 
in the UMCP Department of Computer Science currently hold joint appointments with 
CESDIS and the director is a full professor in the department. 

The Center began formal operation in Spring 1988 and has awarded several contracts for 
research projects in the academic computer science research community. CESDIS supports 
computer scientists working in close collaboration witff space and earth scientists on problems 
of joint interest and those of direct relevance to NASA. The focus is on processing and 
managing data from space observing systems and conducting research on other applications 
of computer science to space data. For more information, contact: Dr. Raymond Miller, 
Director, Goddard Space Flight Center, Code 630.5, Greenbelt, MD 2077 1 . 

The Universities Space Research Association (USRA) was designed to promote cooperation 
between universities, research organizations and the government in the development of space 
science and technology, and in the operation of laboratories and facilities for research, 
development and education in these fields. USRA currently has four active research programs. 



Resources 73 

They locus mi km grants cloud physics, computer applications in science and engineer 

lunar science and materials processing in space 

The I inversus of Maryland is a member of the lnter-l nwersfrj Consortium For Political 
and Social Research (ICPSR). One purpose of the Consortium is to facilitate collection and 

distribution of useful data for social science research. The data include survej data from the 

Universit) of Michigan Center lor political Studies and from studies conducted b) other 
organizations or b> individuals, census data for the United States, election data, legislative roll 
calls, judicial decision results and biographical data. 

The University of Maryland jointly participates in the Chesapeake Research Consortium. 

Inc.. a wide scale environmental research program, with the Johns Hopkins University, the 
Virginia Institute of Marine Science and the Smithsonian Institution. The Consortium 
coordinates and integrates research on the Chesapeake Bay region and is compiling a \ast 
amount of scientific data to assist in the management and control of the area. Each 
participating institution calls on faculty expertise in a diversity o\ disciplines including 
biology, chemistry, physics, engineering, geology, and the social and behavioral sciences. 
Through this interdisciplinary research program a computerized Management Resource Bank 
is being developed containing a biological inventor)' of the Chesapeake Bav region, a legal 
survey and socioeconomic data of the surrounding communities. The Consortium provides 
research opportunities for faculty members, graduate students and undergraduate students at 
the University. 

Officially chartered in 1969. the Sea Grant Association (SGA) is a growing organization 
concerned with the development and wise use of ocean and Great Lakes resources. Composed 
of the nation's major colleges, universities and institutions with ocean programs, the 
Association works for the betterment of the management and utilization of marine resoun 
Maryland's research and education program is greatly involved with estuarine processes and 
commercial fisheries, especially oysters, in the Chesapeake Bay. Other important research 
efforts such as the joint cholera program with Florida. Louisiana and Oregon, represent strong 
national efforts. 

The University of Maryland was awarded its first institutional Sea Grant funding by the 
Department of Commerce for the calendar year 1977. Although 46 universities, colleges and 
non-profit organizations hold either regular or associate memberships in SGA. Mary land is 
one of only about 20 who have comprehensive institutional programs and who are eligible to 
become Sea Grant Colleges. 

The goal of the Consortium On Human Relationships In Education is to involve all 
interested agencies in the State of Maryland in the identification, development and utilization 
of human resources for the purpose of improving human relationships in education. The 
consortium provides training activities for educational personnel, promotes the sharing of 
expertise among education professionals, disseminates information as to acti\ ities. personnel 
and materials concerning human relationships, and promotes cooperative relationships among 
the agencies involved. 

Established in 1965. the Universities Council On Water Resources (I COW R>. is a national 
consortium with approximately 80 members. UCOWR was created to provide a forum for 
interchange of information pertaining to water resources research in academic communities. 



74 Resources 



Member institutions also exchange information on special conferences, seminars, symposia 
and graduate study opportunities. 

The University of Maryland is an associate member of the University-National 
Oceanographic Laboratory System (UNOLS) established to improve coordinated use of 
federally supported oceanographic facilities, bringing together the Community of Academic 
Oceanographic Institutions that operate those facilities, and creating a mechanism for such 
coordinated utilization of and planning for oceanographic facilities. As an associate member, 
the University of Maryland operates research programs in the marine sciences and operates 
the University of Maryland Center for Environmental and Estuarine Studies. 

Chartered in 1981-1982 with the University of Maryland among its founding members, the 
Potomac River Basin Consortium comprises 20 or so academic, governmental and private 
sector institutions whose intent is to expand scholarly and popular interest and involvement 
with the many natural, cultural and historical dimensions of the Potomac Valley basin and its 
subregions and the Chesapeake Bay. Consortium interests range from agriculture, 
anthropology and engineering to historic preservation, environment, geography, history, 
public policy and urban studies. Consortium activities, which are intermural and 
interdisciplinary, are aimed at enhancing opportunities for collaborative studies of the region 
in academic curricula, student exchange, internships, workshops, seminars and a publication 
program of academic studies and papers. 

The University of Maryland is one of the charter members of The Southeastern Universities 
Research Association (SURA), a consortium of 35 institutions of higher learning formed in 
1980 for the purpose of managing large cooperative projects in science, engineering and 
medicine. SURA's first undertaking was the proposal for a National Electron Accelerator 
Laboratory (NEAL). Although NEAL's primary research potential is in nuclear science, 
research in condensed matter physics, medicine and industrial applications is a natural 
byproduct. 

The purpose of the South-East Consortium For International Development (SECID) is to 

respond to the economic and social needs of limited resource peoples and less developed 
countries. Memberships in the organization is open to universities, research institutions and 
other organizations with capabilities related to rural and urban development and technology 
transfer. The University of Maryland is a charter member and has participated in several 
SECID technical assistance contracts including ones in Kenya, Sri Lanka, Sierra Leone, 
Guyana, Malawi, Zambia, Senegal and Mali. 

The goal of the Consortium For International Crop Protection (CICP) is to promote 
economically efficient and environmentally sound crop protection practices in developing 
countries. CICP sponsors training for developing country extension workers, researchers, 
agricultural and health officials, and others to help reduce dependence on chemical 
insecticides and foster a more holistic approach to pest control; fields research teams to assess 
plant protection problems; and provides specialists for other technical assistance. 

The consortium, which operates under an $8.7 million, five-year authorization budget, most 
of which derives from the U.S. Agency for International Development, claims as members 1 3 
U.S. universities and the U.S. Department of Agriculture. UMCP entomologist Allen 
Steinhauer serves as the executive director of CICP, which this spring moved to its new 



Student Services 75 



headquarters in College Park. Entomology professor Dale Bottrell serves as one ol CH 
personnel in his role as technical assistance specialist m entomolo 

[noorporated in 1963, The Organization For Tropical Studies, Inc. <<>lsi 

consortium of 43 academic institutions, manages ail annual budget Ol more than $2.5 million, 
owns one of the most well-equipped and best staffed tropical research stations in the world. 
d\u\ oilers graduate courses in field ecology ami agro-ecolog) . It is supported largel) b) majoi 
grants from NSF. several private foundations ami member institutions. University ol 
Maryland was elected to membership in 1985; local OTS representatives are Douglas Gill, 
Zoolog) and Allen Steinhauer. Entomology. 

OTS is a leader in education and research in tropical biology, lis principal course is "The 
Fundamentals Course in Tropical Biology: an Ecological Approach." Offered twice a \ear in 
English, this 8-week course is taught in Costa Rica by a team ol two do/en expert faculty. 
Twenty superior graduate students are chosen competiti\el\ from member universities in 
Northern and Latin America. Research opportunities offered by OTS include field stations and 
research fellowships for graduate students. OTS manages three research stations m Costa 
Rica. 

The Laboratory for Millimeter-Wave Astronomy is the Maryland part of a three-universit\ 
consortium known as the Berkeley-Illinois-Maryland Array (BIMA). The other two 
members of the consortium are the University of California at Berkele\ and the University ol 
Illinois: The array provides support for the design and construction of a six-element 
millimeter-wave radio telescope at Hat Creek in Northern California and undertakes 
astronomical observations with the array. Five faculty members, five postdoctoral fellows, 
two programmers and several graduate students are affiliated with the lab. which is headed b\ 
Leo Blitz and is a semi-autonomous unit w ithin the Astronomy Program. 

BIMA currently has three antennas of the array operating and collecting astronomical data. 
The telescope is remotely operable from the Maryland campus, and data are automatical I \ 
transferred to the campus once a day. The major scientific interests of the members of the arra> 
are the Sun. planetary radio astronomy, the interstellar medium, star formation, normal 
galaxies and active galactic nuclei. Currently, the main thrust of the development effort at 
Maryland is in software design and in expanding the array to longer baselines. 



Student Services 

Office of Graduate Minority Education 

The Office of Graduate Minority Education, located in the Graduate School (Rooms 2122 
and 2133. Lee Building), serves as the chief advisory body to the Graduate Dean on all matters 
related to recruitment, retention, quality of minority graduate student life, and all other 
diversity-related issues in graduate studies and research. The Office is responsible for 
providing effective and efficient supportive services to minority students: planning and 
implementing campus-wide recruitment activities: participating in the distribution ot 
fellow ships and consulting on fellowship policies: fostering positive faculty-student relations: 
initiating and facilitating activities for minority student development and welfare: supporting 



76 Student Services 



the programs and activities of minority graduate student organizations; and fostering and 
maintaining relations with minority alumni of the graduate school. 

Consistent with the University's commitment to creating and maintaining a model multi- 
ethnic and multi-cultural environment, the Office of Graduate Minority Education supports 
the diversity-related initiatives of the University community, promotes interest in multi- 
cultural studies and programs, and addresses issues related to positive graduate educational 
experiences for faculty and students of color. For more information, contact Johnetta G. Davis. 
Associate Dean of Graduate Studies and Director. Office of Graduate Minority Education. 
(301) 405-4138. or toll free at l-(800) 245-GRAD. 

Graduate Legal Aid Office 

The Graduate Legal Aid Office provides free legal advice, referrals and assistance to 
currently registered University of Maryland graduate students. Staff members give general 
legal advice on a wide variety of matters, including landlord-tenant issues, consumer 
problems, traffic accidents, uncontested divorces and University-related matters. The Office 
provides direct legal assistance in routine matters, but cannot sue on behalf of students or 
represent them in court. The Office is staffed eight hours a week for student interviews; staff 
members see students on a walk-in basis and by appointment. Walk-in and appointment 
schedules are posted on the Office door. The Office cannot handle disputes between graduate 
students and does not provide emergency services. For more information, contact the Office 
in Room 1221, Stamp Union, phone: 405-5807. 

Graduate Student Government 

The Graduate Student Government (GSG) is the student government for graduate students. 
Its purposes are: (1) to improve the quality of education and enhance the quality of life of the 
graduate students: (2) to communicate and support research interests of graduate students; (3) 
to recommend members for policy-making and administrative committees of the campus: and 
(4) to act as the spokesbody for graduate student concerns. 

Membership is open to all full and part-time graduate students enrolled in degree programs 
on campus. The Assembly of the GSG consists of representatives from each graduate 
department, but its meetings are open to all interested graduate students. Elections to the 
Assembly are held every year in the Fall and occur within the departments. Officers of the 
GSG are elected at-large in the Spring. The President of GSG is a full Graduate Assistant 
position in the Graduate School but is elected by the graduate student body. 

The GSG has eight standing committees that -perform the majority of governing 
responsibilities. Membership on these committees is open to all graduate students. 
Committees include the Executive. Elections. Social, Newsletter. Communication. Minority 
Affairs. Legislative Action and Graduate Research Interaction Da\ . 

Departmental Graduate Student Organizations (GSOs) are active in most departments on 
campus and are directly supported by the GSG. Involvement in a GSO is not a prerequisite for 
GSG membership but is encouraged. 



Student Services 77 



For more information, contact the Graduate Student Government, Box 105, Stamp Student 

Union, phone: 314-8630. 

The Graduate COuncil 

The Graduate Council is a Council of elected and appointed members ol the Graduate 
Faculty which governs all policies and procedures covering graduate education and research. 
The Council has six standing committees: Academic Standards; Fellowships; Gradu 

Faculty; Programs. Courses, and Curricula; Research; and Student Affairs. I he Council is 
home to several adjunct committees as well, including the General Research Board and the 
Animal Care and Use Committee among others. The head of Graduate Student Government is 
a member of the Graduate Council, and graduate students are asked to serve on all committees 
except the Committee on Graduate Faculty. The Council meets twice a semester to consider 
policies affecting graduate students, to approve the adoption ol new graduate programs or 
changes in the curricula of established programs, and in general to advise the Associate 
Provost for Research and Dean of the Graduate School on all graduate education and research 
issues. 

Campus Senate 

The Campus Senate, an integral part of the institution's system of governance, is somewhat 
unique in that it has representation from all segments of the campus community: 
administrators, staff, faculty, and undergraduate and graduate students. Participation in the 
Senate or any of its 14 standing committees is an honor and a responsibility. The lull Senate 
meets eight times a year to consider matters of concern to the institution, including academic 
issues, University policies, plans, facilities and the welfare of faculty, stall and students. The 
Senate advises the President, the Chancellor, or the Board of Regents as it deems appropriate 

Graduate students who wish to serve in the Campus Senate are nominated by the deans of 
their academic colleges and elected in an at-large, campus-wide election held in the spring. 
Students are also encouraged to participate on a series of Senate standing committees, such as 
Student Affairs and Human Relations. These committees draw membership from the campus 
community at large and cover every aspect of campus life and function. Students are sought 
every spring to fill the committee appointments. Details on the election and appointment 
processes are available through the Campus Senate Office, Room 0104A, Reckord Armory, 
phone: 405-5805. 

Off-Campus Housing 

Housed in the Office of Commuter Affairs, the Off-Campus Housing Service I Room 1 195, 
Stamp Student Union, 314-3645) maintains an extensive and up-to-date computerized list of 
rooms, apartments and houses (both vacant and to share) that are for rent in the area; they are 
organized by cost, type of housing and distance to campus. Personalized printouts tailored to 
your individualized needs can be requested (in person) to simplify your housing search. Be 
sure to bring your letter of admission or student ID when requesting a printout. Average 
monthly rates for housing in the area are: $200-$300 for a room in a private or student home: 
$400-$600 for an efficiency, basement apartment or one-bedroom apartment: $250-$300 for 
a shared apartment and $800-$ 1,250 for an unfurnished house. Maps of the College Park area. 



78 Student Services 



lists of local motels, real estate agents and furniture rental companies as well as information 
of general interest to commuter students are also available at the Service. 

Graduate Housing 

For information on available opportunities for housing for graduate students, write or call 
the Office of Commuter Affairs, 1195 Stamp Student Union. UMCP, College Park. MD 
20742-4621. or 301-314-3645. Specify in your inquiry that you have been admitted as a 
graduate student. 

University Dining Services 

The University Department of Dining Services offers several dining options available to 
graduate students. The Terrapin Express or the Resident Dining Plans offer students the ability 
to dine at various restaurants all over campus. The Terrapin Express has a minimum deposit 
of only $50.00. which can be charged to Visa or Mastercard. The Resident Dining Plans start 
at about SI 100.00 per semester. Information on both plans is available from the Dining 
Services Contract Office (314-8068). 

Dining Services features over 30 different restaurants and Eateries across campus. Menu 
offerings range from salad bars, grills, delis and fresh dough pizza to a sit-down restaurant and 
18th century inn. All facilities are open to everyone, but students on board plans receive 
discounts and are entitled to specially priced meals. For more information, call 314-8054. 

Career Center 

The Career Center, located in Hornbake Library, offers a wide variety of services to 
graduate students. The goal of the Center is to assist students in exploring career opportunities 
and planning their career futures. Services include individual career counseling, a 
comprehensive Career Resource Center, frequent workshops at no charge and a variety of job 
search services, including the Credential Service, the On-Campus Recruiting Program, a 
Computerized Resume Referral Service and up-to-date job listings. Students interested in 
employment in the fields of education and library science will find the Credential Service 
especially valuable. 

Graduate students are encouraged to participate in any of the Center programs and services. 
The professionally qualified staff is also available to present special programs to classes, 
seminars, colloquia. and student associations. For more information, call 314-7225 or stop by 
the Career Center located at 3121 Hornbake Library, South Wing. 

Computer Science Center - Academic Computing at Maryland 

For information call the Computer Science Center at 405-1500, or send e-mail to 
consult@umail.umd.edu. 

The Computer Science Center is responsible for providing the academic computing 
infrastructure for the University. The Center provides a wide array of computing software, 
hardware, and support services. The campus explicitly supports standard hardware, software 
and networking configurations. Through its well-connected network, students, faculty. 



Student Services 79 



administrators, and researchers have access to resources around the world, as well as to the 

UMCP Libraries' VICTOR on-line catalog, and computerized information services. 

Other facilities and services include: electronic mail (e-mail i: dial-in service at a \arict\ ot 
speeds; technical consulting; a statistical laboratory: the Advanced Visualization Laborati 

information available on-line; special prices tor purchases ot personal and institutional 
equipment at the computer Emporium on campus: a lihrarv of practical computer materials: 
workstation labs open to campus: electronic discussion groups, and more. 

The Campus Computing Yellow Pages lists and describes the man) computing resources 
and support services available to the campus community. You may examine the document in 
the information on-line system (telnet inform(a umd.edu ) or can request a cop) h\ calling the 
Computer Science Center's Information Technology Librar\ at 405-4261: (program- 
library@umail.umd.edu). On-line information is also available through informM (Information 
for Maryland) and electronic discussion groups. 

informM is an electronic information database available via the University ^\ Maryland 
campus network. It serves as a repository for campus, state, and national information, as well 
as a gateway to other centers of information around the world. There you can find the campus 
events calendar, university reports, student services, faculty/staff phone listing, educational 
resources, computing resources, library resources. USA Today, and connections to other 
electronic information systems. 

CSC operates the campus network (UMDNET) and network servers used b\ the entire 
campus. Through UMDNET you can access academic and administrative computer systems, 
workstation laboratories (WAM and OWL labs), print and file servers. UMDNET also 
provides access to external networks including Internet. BITNET. NSF.NET. SURAnet. 
M1LNET. USENET. ESNET. and others. Electronic mail, available on all CSC-maintained 
computers, enables faculty, staff, and students to communicate with colleagues on campus and 
around the world. 

There are a number of public computing labs on campus, housing over 1000 IBM. Apple 
Macintosh and UNIX workstations. The brochure Where to Go to Find ... a Computer. 
available in the CSC Information Technology Library, features the locations, hours, and 
equipment available in all of these facilities. This information is also available on-line in the 
inforM system. 

General academic computing needs are met by a distributed network of microcomputers and 
workstations. The Computer Science Center also maintains and operates networking- 
accessible high-end and special purpose machines for the research and instructional 
communities. The academic mainframe environment (IBM VM) has recently joined the 
administrative workload on a shared IBM 9021/500 configuration, to provide very cost- 
effective performance enhancements for both domains. A rich collection of popular tools and 
applications software is provided and supported for both the UNIX and VM environments 
(e.g.. SAS. SPSS. S+. BMDP. Fortran. C. Pascal. EMACS. TeX and UaTeX. etc.). Consulting 
services are available for all supported packages. 

The University of Maryland is a founding member of the San Diego Supercomputer 
Consortium (SDSC): researchers may acquire accounts to use the Cray. Kendall Square. CM5 



80 Student Services 



and Intel Paragan systems through the Director's Office at the Computer Science Center, 
Research and instructional accounts are available on the UNIX cluster machines, the IBM 
mainframe, and UNIX equipment in the open laboratories. 

The Statistics Laboratory (a joint venture between the CSC and the Mathematics 
Department) assists faculty, graduate students, and other consultees in formulating statistical 
models, designing experiments, choosing the appropriate methodology, analyzing data, and 
interpreting the results. The Advanced Visualization Laboratory (a joint venture between the 
CSC and the College of Computer, Mathematical and Physical Sciences) supports the research 
community with high-end visualization programs and has the ability to produce videotapes 
and color output. 

The Computer Science Center sponsors two programs for user education: non-credit short 
courses (primarily directed at faculty and staff) and peer training classes (primarily directed at 
students or computer novices). The Computer Emporium sells microcomputers, including a 
complete Apple Macintosh line, the IBM PS/2 series, and Zenith workstations at educational 
discounts, to faculty, staff and students. 

Computer Science Center consultants provide on-line, phone-in and walk-in technical 
consulting services on a wide variety of platforms. 

Brochures describing many of the services mentioned above are available from the CSC 
Information Technology Library; call 405-4261 for a list of available brochures and handouts. 

Counseling Center 

The Counseling Center provides comprehensive psychological and counseling services to 
meet the mental health and developmental needs of graduate and undergraduate students. 
Records kept as part of providing counseling services are confidential and are not part of the 
University's educational records. The Counseling Center, located in Shoemaker Building, is 
open Monday - Thursday 8:30 a.m. - 9:00 p.m. and Friday 8:30 a.m. - 4:30 p.m. 

In order to meet the needs of the campus community, the Counseling Center provides the 
following special services and programs: 

1. Counseling Service. Psychologists provide professional individual and group 
counseling services for students with social-emotional and educational-vocational concerns. 
Counseling is available for individuals and groups to overcome depression, career 
indecisiveness, anxiety, loneliness and other problems. Workshops ranging from developing 
assertiveness and self-esteem to stress management are also offered. A 3:00 p.m. Minority 
Student Walk-in Hour is held daily. The Center also provides a series of tape-recorded 
interviews with all College Park department heads covering course and career options in their 
fields. Telephone: 314-7651. 

2. Disabled Student Service (DSS). Professionals provide a variety of assistance for 
students with physical and learning disabilities. Services must be arranged in advance and 
students are encouraged to contact the office as early as possible. Located in Room 0126 
Shoemaker, office hours are 8:30 a.m. - 4:30 p.m. Monday - Friday. Telephone: 314-7682 
(voice) or 314-7683 (TDD). 



Student Services 81 



3. Learning Assistance Service (LAS). Educational Specialists offer individual and 
group sessions for improving academic skills such as reading, writing, listening, note taking 

and learning mathematics and science material. Workshops cover such topics as slud\ skills, 
lime management, learning math skills, exam an\icl\ and learning English as a second 
language. 

4. Returning Students Program. Ongoing consultation, counseling, referrals and 
orientation programs are provided to address the needs of Students aged 25 or over who are 
beginning or coming back to school after a break in their formal education. Located in Room 
2201 Shoemaker. Telephone: 314-7693. 

5. Testing, Research and Data Processing Service. National testing programs such as 
the CLEP, GRE. LSAT, MCAT, GMAT and Miller Analogies are administered through this 
office, as well as testing for counseling purposes, including vocational assessment. In addition, 
the staff members provide a wide variety of research reports of characteristics of students and 
the campus environment. Telephone: 314-7688. 

6. Parent Consultation and Child Evaluation. Professional help is available through 
consultation, testing and counseling for youngsters ages 5-14 and families. Telephone: 314- 
7673. 

Health Care 

The University Health Center, a nationally accredited ambulatory Health Care Faculty, is 
located on Campus Drive directly across from the Stamp Union. The Health Center provides 
primary care for the treatment of illness and injury, in addition to preventative services. 
Services include (but are not limited to): dental care, men's health clinic, women's health 
clinic, allergy clinic, sports medicine, physical therapy, travel clinic, nutritional counseling, 
mental health services, social services, and anonymous HIV testing. A comprehensive health 
education program includes: sexual health, stress management, smoking cessation, alcohol 
and other drugs, substance abuse treatment and CPR certification. The Health Center also 
houses a pharmacy, laboratory and radiology department. 

The Health Center is open Monday - Friday, 7:00am - 1 1 :00pm, and Saturday and Sunday, 
9:00am - 5:00pm. Hours vary during semester breaks, summer sessions, and holidays. You 
may be seen, by appointment, Monday through Friday, 9:00am - 5:00pm. Students are 
encouraged to make appointments whenever possible to assure prompt attention. There is only 
limited care available after hours. Urgent problems are seen on a walk-in basis anytime the 
Health Center is open. 

Any currently registered student who has paid the health fee is eligible for care. The health 
fee is included in your university bill and covers routine health care for the semester. There 
are additional charges for special services, such as x-ray, laboratory tests, dental treatment, 
allergy injections, casts, physical therapy, and pharmacy supplies. 

A medical record is established and maintained for every patient who receives care at the 
Health Center. All medical records and interactions with Health Center staff are confidential. 
Information is released only with the student's written permission or upon a court ordered 
subpoena. Useful Health Center numbers include: 



82 Student Services 



General Information 
Pharmacy 
Dental Clinic 
Women's Clinic 
Men's Health Clinic 



314-8180 
314-8167 
314-8176 
314-8190 
314-8137 



Appointments 314-8184 

Mental Health 314-8106 

Health Education 314-81 28 

Health Insurance 3 1 4-8 1 65 

Sexual Assault Hotline 314-2222 



Health Insurance 

Because the mandatory health fee is not a form of health insurance and many students do 
not have adequate coverage, a voluntary group insurance policy is available to students. This 
policy provides benefits at very reasonable rates for hospital, surgery, emergency, laboratory 
and x-ray purposes; some coverage for mental health services; and contains a major hospital 
provision. Students may elect to have family coverage. For additional information and 
application forms, see the brochure available in the Health Center. 

Teaching, research and graduate assistants are also eligible for the State Employee 
Insurance Plan options. Please note that fellows and hourly employees are not eligible for the 
plan. For further information, contact your department or the personnel benefits office. 

Publications of Interest to Graduate Students 

In addition to the Catalog, the Graduate School prepares the following publications: 

Graduate Application Booklet. This booklet, which contains the application forms and 
information you need to complete the forms, is available on request from the Graduate School 
at 301-314-9304 or from the individual departments. 

Graduate Assistant and Graduate Fellows Handbook. This handbook sets forth policies, 
procedures, and services of interest to graduate assistants and graduate fellows and is available 
from the departmental graduate offices and the office of the Dean of the Graduate School. 

The Theses Manual. This manual contains the instructions for preparation of theses and 
dissertations and is available from the Campus Reprographics, Reckord Armory for a 
mimimal charge. 

Important Dates for Advisers and Students. This calendar card of dates for submission 
of final documents is available from the various departmental graduate offices, as well as from 
the office of the Dean of the Graduate School. 



Aerospace Engineering Program (ENAE) 83 



Graduate Programs 



Aerospace Engineering Program (ENAE) 

Chair: Schmidt 

Professors: Anderson, Chopra, Lee, Melnik, Schmidt 

Associate Professors: Akin, Barlow, Celi, Jones, Leishman, Vizzini, Winklemann 

Assistant Professors: Baeder, Lewis, Sanner, Wereley 

Professor Emeritus: Gessow 

Visiting Professor: Korkegi 

Lecturers: Mills, Nelson, Obrimski, Winblade 

The Aerospace Engineering Department offers a broad program in graduate studies leading 
to the degrees of Master of Science (thesis and non-thesis) and Doctor of Philosophy. 
Aerodynamics and propulsion; structural mechanics and composites; rotorcraft; space 
systems; and flight dynamics, stability and control are the major areas of specialization 
available to graduate students. Within these areas of specialization, the student can tailor 
programs such as computational fluid dynamics, hypersonics, composites, smart structures, 
finite elements, aeroelasticity, optimization, and space propulsion. 

Admission Information 

Applicants should have a B.S. degree in Aerospace Engineering (or in a closely related 
field) with a minimum GPA of 3.2/4.0 from an accredited institution. Applicants with a 
marginal academic record may be conditionally approved for admission to the M.S. program 
if other evidence of accomplishment is provided (i.e. publications or exceptional letters of 
recommendation). Admission to the Ph.D. program requires an academic record indicating 
promise of the high level of accomplishment required for the degree. The Graduate Record 
Examination (GRE) is strongly recommended for admission. 

Master's Degree Requirements 

The M.S. degree program offers both a thesis and a non-thesis option. Both options require 
30 credits. At least 12 credits are to be in the main discipline. No more than 9 credits may be 
at the 400 level of which no more than 6 credits may be from department courses. For the 
thesis option, 6 credits of ENAE 799 (Master's Thesis Research) are required as well as the 
successful defense of the M.S. thesis. For the non-thesis option, students must write a 
scholarly paper and pass a written comprehensive exam. In addition to an M.S. degree, the 
department also offers a Master of Engineering (M.E.) degree. 

Doctoral Degree Requirements 

For the Doctor of Philosophy degree, the department requires a minimum of 42 semester 
hours of coursework beyond the B.S. and should include: ( 1 ) not less than 1 8 hours within one 
departmental area of specialization, (2) at least 6 hours from among the other areas of 
specialization in the Department, and (3) not less than nine hours in courses that emphasize 
the physical sciences or mathematics. At least 12 semester hours of credits taken to satisfy (2) 



84 Aerospace Engineering Program (ENAE) 



and (3) must be 600 level or higher. The student must pass a written qualifying and an oral 
comprehensive examination and take 12 hours of dissertation credits. 

Facilities and Special Resources 

The departmental facilities for experimental research include the Glenn L. Martin Wind 
Tunnel, the Composites Research Laboratory, the Space Systems Laboratory, and the facilities 
of the Center for Rotorcraft Education and Research. The Glenn L. Martin Wind Tunnel, with 
its 8-foot high by 1 1-foot wide test section, has a maximum operating speed of 330 feet per 
second. It is used extensively for development testing by industry as well as for research. 
There are two smaller subsonic tunnels and a supersonic tunnel that are used in support of 
departmental research programs. The Composites Research Laboratory is located in the newly 
constructed Manufacturing Center. Its facilities include a microprocessor-controlled 
autoclave, a vacuum hot press, a two-axis fdament winding machine, an MTS 220 KiP 
uniaxial testing machine, an x-ray machine and an environmental conditioning chamber. The 
laboratory provides for a full spectrum of specimen and component manufacture, preparation 
and instrumentation, inspection, and testing. The Space Systems Laboratory performs world- 
class research on space operations, with particular emphasis on neutral buoyancy simulation 
of space robotics and human factors. The recently completed Neutral Buoyancy Research 
Facility is a multi-million dollar laboratory built around a 50-foot diameter by 25-foot deep 
water tank for simulating the microgravity environment of space. Six different telerobotic 
systems are currently under test in this facility, which is one of only four in the United States 
and is the only neutral buoyancy facility in the world to be located at a university. The facilities 
of the Center for Rotorcraft Education and Research include two experimental rotor rigs to test 
articulated and bearingless rotors in the hover test facility and in forward flight in the Glenn 
L. Martin Wind Tunnel. The hover test facility can accommodate up to a 6-foot diameter rotor. 
In addition, the facilities include a 10-foot diameter vacuum chamber to study the structural 
dynamic characteristics of spinning rotors in the absence of aerodynamic loads and a three- 
component laser doppler anemometer for flowfield measurements. In support of the vast 
experimental research facilities, the department has more than sixty-five workstations 
available to students. These workstations consist of X terminals, Macintosh lis, and Sun 4s. 

Financial Assistance 

A number of research graduate assistantships and fellowships are available for financial 
assistance. The Center offers a broad range of financial aid options to graduate students. 
Graduate teaching and research assistantships are available beginning at $12,000 per year plus 
tuition and fees. In addition, numerous high paying fellowships are available, such as the 
Glenn L. Martin Fellowship ($15,000) and the Rotorcraft Fellowships ($14,000 and up). 
These fellowships pay for tuition and fees in addition to the noted stipends. 



Agricultural and Resource Economics Program (AREC) 85 



Additional Information 

lor more information on the graduate program, contact: 

Director of Graduate Studies 

Department of Aerospace Engineering 

Engineering Classroom Building 

University of Maryland 

College Park, MD 20742 

(301)405-AERO 

2376 

For courses, see code ENAE. 

Agricultural and Resource Economics Program (AREC) 

Chair: Just 

Professors: Bockstael, Brown, Cain, Chambers, Foster, Gardner, Hardie, Hueth. Just. Lopez, 

McConnell, Moore, Nerlove, Strand, Wysong 

Professor Emeritus: Bender, Stevens, Tuthill 

Associate Professor: Leathers, Lichtenberg, Olson 

Assistant Professors: Horowitz, Whittington 

The Department of Agricultural and Resource Economics offers the Master of Science and 
Doctor of Philosophy degrees. The graduate program prepares students through courses in 
agricultural, natural resource, and environmental economics, research experiences designed to 
give technical and creative competency in applied economics, and seminar and discussion 
opportunities. 

The Department provides two areas of concentration: agricultural economics and resource 
economics. Study and research within these two areas can include specializations in 
agricultural development, international trade and the environment, agricultural marketing, 
production economics, agricultural policy, econometrics, land use, marine resources, water 
resources, and the link between environmental quality and economic development. 

Substantial employment opportunities exist for persons with advanced training in 
agricultural and resource economics. Graduates from the Department obtain employment in 
government, industry and universities. Graduates are hired by such agencies as the U.S. 
Departments of Agriculture and Interior and the Environmental Protection Agency, and some 
obtain positions with the World Bank and similar agencies. Industry positions include 
management or program responsibilities. Graduates with academic interests are usually hired 
as assistant professors (teaching, research, extension) at major universities. 

Admission Information 

Applicants should have taken (or plan to take) an advanced undergraduate course in 
microeconomics. Applicants should also have completed two or more semesters in calculus, 
plus additional mathematics. The Graduate Record Examination (GRE) scores are required 



86 Agricultural and Resource Economics Program (AREC) 



with the application for admission. Part-time graduate study is not encouraged because few 
courses are taught at night. 

Master's Degree Requirements 

The M.S. degree program offers both a thesis and non-thesis option. The thesis option 
requires a minimum of 24 credits of coursework and six credits of thesis research. The student 
must also take a final oral examination, which is primarily a defense of the thesis. The non- 
thesis option requires 33 credits of coursework, a scholarly paper and a comprehensive written 
examination, which is primarily concerned with coursework taken during the program. 

Doctoral Degree Requirements 

The Ph.D. degree requires a minimum of 41 credits of coursework beyond the bachelor's 
degree and 12 credits of dissertation research. Qualifying exams are administered on 
completion of core course requirements. An oral dissertation defense is also required. 

Facilities and Special Resources 

The Department actively draws upon the resources of many state, federal and international 
agencies unique to the Washington, D.C. area to offer experience from the world of 
government and business. The Library of Congress in Washington and the National 
Agricultural Library in Beltsville (just north of the campus) enhance teaching and research 
efforts. 

Financial Assistance 

Graduate assistantships are offered to qualified applicants on the basis of past academic 
performance, research potential and availability of funds. Many full-time students in the 
Department hold assistantships or some other form of financial aid. Part-time and summer 
work is often available for students who do not have assistantships. Also, a large number of 
graduate fellowships are available. 

Additional Information 

The Handbook of Policies for the Graduate Program provides course requirements, 
examination procedures and descriptive material for the M.S. and Ph.D. programs. For 
specific information contact: 

Graduate Coordinator 

Department of Agricultural and Resource Economics 

University of Maryland 

College Park, MD 20742 

(301)405-1291 

For courses, see code AREC. 



Agricultural Engineering Program (ENAG) 87 



Agricultural Engineering Program (ENAG) 

Chair: Stewart 

Professors: Johnson, Wheaton 

Associate Professors: Grant, Kangas, Magette, Ross, Shirmohammadi. Stewart 

Assistant Professors: Cronk 

Affiliate Assistant Professor: Brinsfield 

The Department of Agricultural Engineering offers programs of graduate study in 
Agricultural and Aquacultural Engineering leading to the degrees of Master of Science and 
Doctor of Philosophy. Areas of specialization include Aquacultural EngineerniL'. 
Bioengineering, Food Etigineering, and Water Resources Engineering. The program has a 
strong environmental orientation; research topics range from preventing nutrients and 
pesticides from polluting natural waters (e.g., the Chesapeake Bay) to minimizing the 
discomfort of workers wearing respiratory equipment in hazardous environments. Biomedical 
projects involve human health care and sports medicine, as well as equine veterinary medicine. 
Food safety, production and processing of food and fiber from terrestrial and aquatic 
environments, and wise use and conservation of natural resources are all important focal 
points in the Agricultural Engineering Graduate Program. 

Graduates have excellent employment opportunities, with three to five job openings for 
every student completing an advanced degree. Projections indicate that the demand for 
agricultural engineers with advanced degrees will continue to be strong in the future. 

Admission Information 

Admission is open to graduates in engineering, physical science or biological science who 
meet the Graduate School requirements and who have (or will have) satisfactorily completed 
a core of basic engineering courses. 

Master's Degree Requirements 

For the thesis M.S. program, a minimum of 30 semester credit hours is required, including 
at least nine hours of 600-level ENAG courses, six hours of thesis research and three hours of 
600 level biometrics/statistics. A non-thesis M.S. also is available requiring a minimum of 33 
semester credit hours, which should include at least nine hours of 600-level ENAG courses, 
three hours for a required scientific paper and three hours of 600 level biometrics/statistics. In 
addition to an M.S. degree, the department also offers a Master of Engineering (M.E.) degree. 

Doctoral Degree Requirements 

A minimum of 60 credit hours beyond the bachelor's degree is required for the Ph.D. 
program, including 12 hours of 600-level (or above) ENAG courses, 12 hours of dissertation 
research, and 9 credits of 400-level (or above) biometrics/statistics/mathematics, of which at 
least 3 credits must be 600-level biometrics/statistics. Additional courses may be required, 
depending on the student's background. 



88 Agronomy Program (AGRO) 



The Department has no language requirements for either graduate degree. Except for the 
above credit hour requirements, individual M.S. or Ph.D. programs are kept as flexible as 
possible and are tailored to meet the intellectual and professional objectives of each student. 

Facilities and Special Resources 

In addition to state-of-the-art laboratories in the new (1993-94) Agricultural Engineering 
building, the facilities of the Agricultural Experiment Station, the Computer Science Center, 
the Exercise Physiology Laboratory, and the College of Engineering are also accessible. Off 
campus facilities are available for projects in human and veterinary medicine. Students also 
have access to the nearby National Agricultural Library and, through cooperative agreements, 
to facilities of the USDA Agricultural Research Center at Beltsville. 

Financial Assistance 

Financial assistance may be available to qualified candidates in the form of teaching or 
research assistantships, part-time work or fellowships. 

Additional Information 

For additional information contact: 

Dr. Fredrick Wheaton 

Graduate Coordinator 

Agricultural Engineering Department 

University of Maryland 

College Park, MD 20742 

(301)405-1198 

For courses, see code ENBE. 



Agronomy Program (AGRO) 

Chair: Weismiller 

Professors: Angle, Aycock, Dernoeden, Fanning, Kenworthy, Mcintosh, McKee, Mulchi, 

Weil, Weismiller 

Professors Emeriti: Axley, Bandel, Clark, Decker, Hoyert, Miller 

Associate Professors: Coale,. Glenn, Hill, James, Rabenhorst, Ritter, Turner, Vough 

Assistant Professors: Carroll, Slaughter 

Adjunct Professors: Daughtry, Lee, Meisinger, Saunders, Thomas, van Berkum 

The Department of Agronomy offers graduate study leading to the Master of Science and 
Doctor of Philosophy degrees in Soil Science and Crop Science. Within these areas of 
concentration, students typically specialize in such areas as crop production, crop physiology, 
crop ecology, crop breeding, forage management, turf management, weed science, soil 
chemistry, soil physics, soil fertility, soil and water conservation, soil genesis, morphology 
and classification, soil survey and land use, soil mineralogy, soil biochemistry, soil 
microbiology, waste disposal, and soil-environment interactions. The specific program of 



Agronomy Program (AGRO) 89 



study For each graduate studenl al both the M.S. and Ph.D. level is individually tailored to the 
student's interests and professional goals within a rigorous bul flexible set ot program 
requirements. 

Admission Information 

Students seeking admission should have strong training in the basic sciences (chemistry, 
physics) and in mathematics. It is also helpful tor the applicant to have completed introductory 

courses in plant science and soil science prior to admission for graduate studies. A bachelor's 
degree in agronomy is not required for admission to the M.S. program, however candidates tor 
admission to the Ph.D. program should first have completed the M.S. degree in agronomy or 
a related discipline. Graduate Record Examination (GRE) scores are requiree of all applicants. 
International applicants must also submit TOEFL scores. 

Master's Degree Requirements 

The master's program offers both a thesis and a non-thesis option. The thesis option 
program requires a minimum of 30 semester hours beyond the B.S. degree. Details regarding 
the eourse mix for the thesis option are available from the Department: at a minimum, students 
are required to select 12 semester hours of course work at the 600-level or above, and must 
also complete at least 12 hours of course work in Agronomy at the 400-level if not completed 
at the undergraduate level. A thesis, based on the student's research, as well as the presentation 
of research results to a Departmental seminar and a defense of the thesis in an oral examination 
are required for the degree. 

The non-thesis option is offered for students who do not intend to pursue further studies 
beyond the M.S., and whose career objectives will not require skills or competence in 
research. The non-thesis option requires a minimum of 30 semester hours of course work 
beyond the B.S. degree, but in general non-thesis M.S. students complete more course work 
than that required for the thesis option: a total of 1 8 semester hours at the 600-level or above, 
and a minimum of 20 semester-hours of 400-level course work (taken at the undergraduate and 
graduate level combined) must be completed for the degree. Non-thesis M.S. students are also 
required to write two scholarly papers, to present a seminar on the contents of each, and to pass 
a written and an oral comprehensive examination. 

Doctoral Degree Requirements 

The Ph.D. degree in agronomy requires demonstration of a high level of competence in the 
discipline and the completion of original, advanced research which is presented in a 
departmental seminar and as a doctoral dissertation. At a minimum, the Ph.D. student is 
required to complete course work equivalent to what is normally expected of an M.S. student 
in agronomy at this institution (see above ) plus 1 2 credit-hours of dissertation research. A total 
of 50-60 semester hours of course work beyond the B.S. is typically completed by Ph.D. 
students in agronomy. The group of formal courses selected should form a logical and 
coherent whole that will provide the student with sufficient depth in the area of specialization 
to be fully competent to carry out the dissertation research planned and to work successfully 
as a professional. Details regarding the specific course requirements of the Ph.D. program of 
study are available from the Department, but include a mix of courses in the basic sciences. 



90 Agronomy Program (AGRO) 



mathematics, and agronomy (both crop and soil science). Admission to doctoral candidacy 
requires that the student pass both a written and an oral comprehensive examination. 
Completion of the Ph.D. degree includes successful defense of the dissertation in addition to 
completion of required course work. 

Facilities and Special Resources 

The Agronomy Department has many well-equipped laboratories designed to carry out 
basic and applied research in crop and soil science. Modern equipment in the laboratories 
includes the following: x-ray diffraction spectrophotometer, mass spectrophotometer, atomic 
absorption gas chromatograph, high pressure liquid chromatograph, ion chromatograph, 
isotope counter, ultracentrifuge, petrographic scopes and equipment for thin section 
preparations, vacuum oven, organic carbon analyzer, neutron soil moisture probe and scaler, 
incubator for plant tissue culture, infrared grain quality analyzer, CHN analyzer, and carbon 
furnace. Growth chambers, extensive greenhouse space and a statewide network of research/ 
education centers provide access to a wide range of soil and environmental conditions for 
research into plant growth processes and soil properties. A complete inventory of planting and 
harvesting equipment suitable for small plot work is also available for field research. Students 
have access to a computer laboratory in the department and a comprehensive computer center 
located on campus. The University Libraries on campus and the National Agriculture Library 
located nearby, supplemented by the Library of Congress, make the library resources 
accessible to students among the best in the nation. Many of the Department's projects are 
conducted in cooperation with other departments on campus and with professionals at the 
headquarters of the Agricultural Research Service of the United States Department of 
Agriculture located three miles from campus in Beltsville. 

Financial Assistance 

A limited number of research assistantships and teaching assistantships are available for 
qualified applicants. There is strong competition for these awards, and candidates are 
encouraged to submit their applications as early as possible in the semester preceding 
anticipated enrollment in the Department. 

Additional Information 

For more specific information on the program, contact: 

Dr. Richard Weismiller, Chair 
Department of Agronomy 
1109 H.J. Patterson Hall 
University of Maryland 
College Park, MD 20742 
(301)405-1306 

For courses, see code AGRO. 



American Studies Program (AMST) 91 



American Studies Program (AMST) 

(hair: Kelly 

Director of Graduate Studies: Lounsbur) 

Professors: Caughey, Diner 

Associate Professors: Kelly, Lounsbury, Mint/. Paoletti, Parks 

Assistant Professor: Sies 

American Studies offers an interdisciplinary program of stud) leading to the Master ol Art 
and the Doctor o\' Philosophy degrees. The Department is particular!) oriented toward the 
study of 1 9th and 20th century American culture with special emphasis in the areas of popular 
culture, literature and society, women's studies, ethnography, material culture, film, art, and 
social and cultural change. By combining courses in American Studies with stud) in other 
departments and fields, students can tailor their graduate program closely to their individual 
interests and career goals. Internship opportunities are available in area museums, archives, 
government agencies and local historical societies. Courses in material culture taught at the 
Smithsonian Institution and George Washington University are open to students in American 
Studies. The Department also cooperates with the Departments of History, Anthropology, 
Geography and Urban Studies, and the School of Architecture in sponsoring a certificate 
program in Historic Preservation. Students interested in that program are admitted to one of 
the cooperating departments and, upon successful application to the Committee on Historic 
Preservation, must then complete 24 additional credit hours in preservation-related courses. 

Admission Information 

Admitted students have, for the most part, previously majored in American Studies, History, 
English or Mass Communications; applicants with a broad background in arts and humanities 
or the behavioral and social sciences are also given serious consideration if American subject 
matter or cultural theory has been emphasized. 

Master's Degree Requirements 

The master's program requires completion of 30 credit hours. Students who elect to write a 
thesis take 24 hours of coursework and six hours of AMST 799 (thesis credit). To complete 
the non-thesis option, students must take 30 hours of coursework and submit a scholarly paper 
based on independent research in lieu of a thesis. In addition, non-thesis option students must 
pass a written examination. 

Doctoral Degree Requirements 

Ph. D. candidates complete at least 30 credit hours beyond the master's degree that are 
organized around an area of specialization. Students must also pass three written 
comprehensive examinations, and, after submitting a detailed prospectus, write and defend a 
dissertation employing two or more disciplines to address a topic or problem contributing to 
our understanding of American culture. 



92 Animal Sciences Program (ADVP) 



Facilities and Special Resources 

The Washington area offers extraordinary research facilities for the study of past and 
present American culture, including the Library of Congress, the National Archives, the 
National Museum of American History and the National Gallery, as well as numerous other 
museums, collections, archives and libraries. Through consortial arrangements with other 
schools in the area, including George Washington University and Georgetown University, 
students may augment their programs with courses otherwise unavailable at the University of 
Maryland. 

Financial Assistance 

A limited number of teaching assistantships are available in addition to graduate 
fellowships. Students who hold assistantships typically teach two sections of AMST 201, 
Introduction to American Studies. Awards are generally made to students who have 
successfully completed one year in the graduate program. Additional assistantships, awarded 
annually, are available for students interested in working in the national office of the American 
Studies Association. 

Additional Information 

Additional information on program offerings, degree requirements and financial aid can be 
obtained by writing to: 

Director of Graduate Studies 
Department of American Studies 
2101 South Campus Surge Bldg. 
University of Maryland 
College Park, MD 20742 
(301)405-1354 

For courses, see code AMST. 



Animal Sciences Program (ADVP) 

Chair: Douglass 

Professors: Erdman, Mather, Soares, Vijay, Westhoff, (ANSC); Dutta, Mallinson, 

Marquardt, Mohanty (VMED); Heath, Kuenzel, Ottjnger (POUL) 

Professors Emeriti: Flyger, Keeney, Vandersall, Williams (ANSC); Hammond (VMED) 

Associate Professors: Barao, DeBarthe, Douglass, Hartsock, Majeskie, Peters, Russek- 

Cohen, Stricklin, Varner (ANSC); Carmel, Dyer, Samal, Snyder (VMED); Doerr, Mench 

(POUL) 

Assistant Professors: Deuel (ANSC); Ingling, Vakharia (VMED) 

Adjunct Professors: Paape (ANSC); Eyre (VMED) 

Adjunct Associate Professor: Collins (VMED) 

Affiliate Associate Professor: Stephenson (VMED) 

Lecturer: Loizeaux (VMED) 



Animal Sciences Program (ADVP) 93 



NOTE: Some courses In this program ma> require the use ol animals. Please see the 
Statement on Animal Care and Use in the Appendix and the Policy Statement for Students 
under "Degree Requirements." 

The Graduate Program in the Animal Sciences otters graduate stud) leading to the Master 
Of Science and Doctor of Philosophy degrees. The master's degree program oilers both the 
thesis and non-thesis options. Faculty research interests include animal nutrition, physiology, 
behavior, aquaculture, equine biomechanics, virology, microbiology, immunology, and 
cellular and molecular biology. Opportunities for study are primarilv related to domestic 
animals, but studies with other species are possible. 

Admission Information 

The Program requires applicants to submit an application, official academic transcripts. 
statement of goals and research interests, at least three letters of recommendation and official 
Graduate Record Examination scores. Applicants from non-English speaking countries must 
also submit results of the Test of English as a Foreign Language (TOEFL). 

Master's Degree Requirements 

During the first semester, the student must select an Advisor and an Advisory Committee 
with the approval of the Program Graduate Education Committee. With the Advisory 
Committee's advice, students then fde a proposed schedule of courses, including at least one 
credit of ADVP Seminar (ANSC 698 A). Committees may require remedial courses if students 
enter with inadequate prerequisites or deficiencies in undergraduate programs. By the third 
semester a thesis research or scholarly paper proposal must be approved. The student must also 
present the thesis or scholarly paper in a public seminar and pass a final oral examination, 
which is given by the Advisory Committee. In addition, a written comprehensive examination 
is required of non-thesis students. A final copy of the thesis or scholarly paper must be 
submitted to the Program Office. Students with adequate undergraduate training usually 
complete the master's degree within two years. 

Doctoral Degree Requirements 

Ph.D. students with master's degrees from other institutions are expected to meet the 
requirements indicated above. The M.S. is not a prerequisite but is advantageous for admission 
to Ph.D. program. Two additional credits of the Program Seminar (ANSC 698 A) are required. 
A plan of study and a research proposal must be fded with the approval of the student's 
Advisor and Advisory Committee early in the program. At least one semester of teaching 
experience is required. The Admission to Candidacy Examinations are both written and oral. 
Prior to the final oral examination, the candidate must present his/her dissertation in a public 
seminar. In addition to the dissertation, at least one paper, for publication in a referred 
scientific journal, must be approved. A final copy of the dissertation must be submitted to the 
Program Office. The Ph.D. degree should be completed within three years after the M.S. 
degree. 



94 Animal Sciences Program (ADVP) 



Facilities and Special Resources 

The Program's faculty represent research accomplished in a wide variety of related fields. 
Excellent supporting courses in physiology, biochemistry and microbiology are available in 
the appropriate departments. Courses in biometrics (BIOM) provide a strong background in 
experimental design and statistical analysis. Terminals and microcomputers are available in 
the Animal Sciences Center. The Computer Science Center offers extensive facilities for 
statistical data analysis. 

Modern new laboratory facilities are available. The College of Veterinary Medicine moved 
to the new Gudelsky Center in 1989 and the Department of Animal Sciences moved into a new 
addition in 1992 with increased laboratory space and new animal facilities. Facilities are 
available for cell culture, monoclonal antibody production and enzyme-linked immunosorbant 
assays. Instrumentation is available to graduate students for gas liquid chromatography, amino 
acid analysis, atomic absorption, ultra violet and visible spectrophotometry, calorimetry, 
electron microscopy, liquid scintillation radioactivity measurements, electrophoresis, 
ultracentrifugation, ovum micromanipulation, a variety of microbiological, extensive 
recombinant DNA and an entire spectrum of biochemical techniques. New environmentally 
controlled facilities permit work with laboratory animals. Animals available for graduate 
research include: beef cattle, dairy cattle, swine, horses, poultry, fish and "laboratory" species. 
While experiments with limited numbers of animals can be conducted on campus, those that 
require a large number of animals are conducted at outlying farms. A cooperative agreement 
with the Agricultural Research Service at nearby Beltsville, Maryland (BARC) makes 
laboratory, animal and research personnel resources available for the graduate program. 

In addition to excellent library facilities on campus, the National Agricultural Library, the 
National Library of Medicine and the Library of Congress constitute the best library resources 
for graduate study available anywhere and are all located within 10 miles of campus. 

Financial Assistance 

A number of graduate assistantships are available and awarded to students who present 
strong academic records and a capability and motivation to perform well in teaching or in 
research assignments. 

Additional Information 

For specific information on the Program, admission procedures, or financial aid, contact: 

Dr. Larry W. Douglass, Chair 

Animal Sciences (ADVP) Graduate Committee 

Department of Animal Sciences 

University of Maryland 

College Park, MD 20742 

(301)405-1373 

For courses, see code ANSC. 



Anthropology Program (ANTH) 95 



Anthropology Program (ANTH) 

Chair: Leone 

Professors: Agar, Chambers, Leone, Williams 
Associate Professors: Jackson, Wali, Whitehead 
Assistant Professors: Seidel, Stuart 
Professor Fmerita: Gonzalez 

The Department of Anthropology offers graduate study leading to a Master of Applied 
Anthropology (MAA) degree. This is a professional program for students interested in an 
anthropology career outside academia. Core courses include preparation in cultural analysis 
and management. Students intern with an agency or organization suitable to then career 
interests. Specialization is flexible, permitting students to select from a variety of areas of 
career focus or to tailor course requirements to their special career requirements. Areas of 
specialization include Health and Community Development, Public Archaeology, and 
Cultural Conservation (e.g., intercultural and cross-cultural communication, cultural diversity . 
environmental preservation, tourism development, etc.). Students seeking to pursue interests 
outside these areas may do so with departmental permission and the cooperation of a faculty 
advisor. 

Admission Information 

Students are required to submit Graduate Record Examination scores and fulfill the 
Graduate School admission requirements. 

Master's Degree Requirements 

The program requires 42 credit hours of coursework. All students must complete an 
internship. There is no thesis requirement. 

Facilities and Special Resources 

Three teaching and research labs for physical anthropology and archaeology, a departmental 
computer lab, and a photographic darkroom are available for student use. 

Financial Assistance 

A limited number of teaching assistantships are available to qualified graduate students. 
Part-time employment related to Department research is occasionally available. 

Additional Information 

For additional information please contact: 

Dr. Fatimah Jackson, Graduate Director 
Department of Anthropology 
University of Maryland 
College Park, MD 20742 
(301)405-1423 

For courses, see code ANTH. 



96 Applied Mathematics Program (MAPL) 



Applied Mathematics Program (MAPL) 

Director: Cooper 

Professors: Assad, Ball. Bodin. Gass. Golden, Kotz (BMGT): Agrawala, Basili, Kanal, 

Minker. O'Leary, Reggia, Stewart (CMSC): Almon. Betancourt, Kelejian. Prucha (ECON): 

Lee (ENAE); Donaldson, Sternberg (ENCE); Gentry. McAvoy (ENCH); Abed. Baras. 

Blankenship. DeClaris. Davisson. Ephremides. Harger. Krishnaprasad. Makowski, 

Mayergoyz. Marcus, Newcomb. Ott. Taylor, Tits (ENEE); Yang (ENME); Dorfman, Kellogg, 

Yorke (IPST); Alexander. Antman. Benedetto, Berenstein. Cooper, Fitzpatrick. Freidlin, 

Glaz. Grebogi, Green, Greenberg, Grillakis, Johnson. Kueker. Maddocks. Nochetto. Osborn, 

Pego, Sweet, Wolfe (MATH); Baer, Vernekar (METO); Banerjee. Brill. Das Sarma, Dragt, 

Einstein, Ferrell, Gates, Glick. Gluckstern, Greenberg, Griffin, Hu, Kim, Korenman. 

MacDonald, Misner, Prange, Redish, Sucher, Wallace. Woo (PHYS): Young (PUAF): 

Kedem, Mikulski, Slud, Yang (STAT) 

Associate Professors: Russek-Cohen (ANSC); Alt, Fromovitz. Widhelm (BMGT); Elman. 

(CMSC); Coughlin (ECON); Jones (ENAE); Garber. Schwartz (ENCE); Calabrese. Zafiriou 

(ENCH); Dayawansa, Narayan, Shayman, Tretter (ENEE); Bernard. Shih, Walston (ENME); 

Sather, Schneider (MATH); Carton, Robock (METO); Fivel, Hassam. Wang (PHYS); Smith 

(STAT); Cohen (ZOOL) 

Assistant Professors: Fu (BMGT); Gasarch (CMSC); Austin (ENCE) 

Research Professor: Babuska (IPST) 

The interdisciplinary Applied Mathematics Program, which is affiliated with the 
Department of Mathematics, offers graduate study leading to the Master of Arts and Doctor of 
Philosophy degrees. These are awarded for graduate study and research in mathematics and 
its applications in the engineering, physical and social sciences. In addition, the Applied 
Mathematics Program offers certified minors in applied mathematics for graduate students not 
enrolled in the Program. 

The Department of Mathematics assumes the responsibility for the administration of the 
applied mathematics courses under the MAPL label. The Graduate Office of the Department 
also maintains the records of all students in the Applied Mathematics Program and handles 
correspondence with those applying for admission. However, it is important that any 
application for admission indicates clearly whether a student wishes to enter the Mathematics 
(MATH) or the Applied Mathematics (MAPL) Program. 

The Applied Mathematics Program trains individuals who are able to enhance their 
understanding of a wide spectrum of scientific phenomena through the application of rigorous 
mathematical analysis. At least half of the required work is expected to be in courses with 
primarily mathematical content; the remaining courses must apply to a field outside of the 
usual mathematics curriculum. Graduate students currently pursue studies in the applications 
areas of meteorology, algorithim development, pattern recognition, operations research, 
computational dynamics, structural mechanics, mathematical biology, and systems and 
control theory. Many other areas of study are available through the participating departments. 
All students must include courses on numerical and scientific computing in their programs; 
the faculty includes a strong group of specialists in numerical analysis. 



Applied Mathematics Program (MAPL) 97 



A masters degree program with an emphasis on numerical analysis and computational 
methods is excellent preparation for industrial or government employment 

Admission Information 

In addition to the Graduate School requirements, applicants with at least a H avetag 

on a 4.0 scale) should have completed an undergraduate program ol Stud) thai includes a 
strong emphasis on rigorous mathematics, preferably through the level ol advanced calculus 
and abstract algebra. Admission will be based on the applicant's capability to do graduate 
work in mathematics as demonstrated by the letters of recommendation, grades in coursework 
and program of study. In some circumstances, a provisional admission ma\ be given to 
applicants whose mathematical training is not sufficiently advanced. Previous education in an 
application area, such as physics, one of the engineering disciplines or economics, and a basic 
competence in computational techniques will be favorably considered in a student's 
application, although this is not a prerequisite. 

When a student has decided upon an area of specialization, an advisory committee is 
appointed by the Program Director. This committee is responsible for formulating with the 
student a course of study that leads toward the degree sought. This course of study must 
constitute a unified, coherent program in an acceptable field of specialization of applied 
mathematics and must meet with the approval of the Graduate Committee for Applied 
Mathematics. 

The Applied Mathematics Program offers certified minors in applied mathematics to 
graduate students who are enrolled in other graduate degree programs at the University of 
Maryland. A student who wishes to pursue a certified minor in applied mathematics must fill 
out an application form for participation in the Certified Minor Program. Such forms are 
available from the Office of the Director of the Applied Mathematics Program. Details on 
course requirements are contained in the policy brochure of the Applied Mathematics 
Program. 

Master's Degree Requirements 

For the master's degree, the Program offers a thesis and non-thesis option. In the thesis 
option, 24 credits of coursework are required with at least six more credits of thesis work. In 
the non-thesis option, 30 credits of coursework are required, and the student must pass a set of 
comprehensive examinations at the master's degree level. A scholarly paper is also required. 
In both options, the student must participate at least one semester in the Applied Mathematics 
Seminar. 

Doctoral Degree Requirements 

For the Ph.D. degree, the student must take 36 credits of coursework and pass a set of 
comprehensive written examinations at the Ph.D. level. In addition, the student must pass the 
Oral Candidacy Examination, which tests the student on advanced material to determine if he 
or she is prepared to do the research for a doctoral dissertation. At least 12 credits of 
dissertation work are required. The doctoral student must also participate in at least two 
semesters in the Applied Mathematics Seminar. 



98 Architecture Program (ARCH) 



All M.A. and Ph.D. students must take at least one semester of numerical analysis. Details 
on the level and distribution of coursework and examinations in mathematics and in the 
applications area are given in the policy brochure of the Applied Mathematics Program 
available at the Applied Mathematics Office. 

Facilities and Special Resources 

The Program is very active in research in a number of areas, strengthened further by a 
complement of mathematicians from the Institute for Physical Science and Technology, the 
School of Engineering, and the Departments of Mathematics, Physics and Computer Science. 
The university has an excellent technical library as well as an extensive network of high 
performance workstations for faculty and graduate students. 

Financial Assistance 

The Program offers teaching assistantships as the main source of support for graduate 
students in the Department of Mathematics. These assistantships carry a stipend plus 
remission of tuition of up to 10 credit hours each semester. Some research assistantships are 
also available through participating departments once a student has acquired advanced 
training. 

Additional Information 

For more specific information, contact: 

Director 

Applied Mathematics Program 

1 104 Mathematics Building 

University of Maryland 

College Park, MD 20742 

(301)405-5062 

For courses, see code MAPL. 



Architecture Program (ARCH) 

Dean: Hunt 

Director: Sachs 

Professors: Bechhoefer, Bennett, Etlin, Fogle, Hill, Hurtt, Lewis, Schlesinger, Schumacher, 

Vann 

Associate Professors: Bovill, DuPuy, Kelly 

Assistant Professors: Bell, Drost, Gardner, Gournay 

Lecturers: Dynerman, Mclnturff, Sachs, Thadani, Wiedemann 

The School of Architecture offers a graduate program leading to the Master of Architecture 
degree. The School's objective is to provide professional education and training in 
architecture of the highest possible quality. Its program is organized around required courses 
in architectural and urban design, architectural history and theory, and architectural science 



Architecture Program (ARCH) 99 



and technology. Electives in architecture and related fields arc available id a curriculum that 

is rigorous and challenging. File School is accredited by the National Architectural 

Accreditation Board and is a member of the Association oi Collegiate Schools <>t Architecture 

assigned to the Northeastern Region. 

Admission Information 

Admission to the graduate program is competitive. In addition to the Graduate School 
requirements, candidates must submit the follow ing: I > three letters of recommendation from 
persons competent to judge the applicant's probable success in graduate architectural school; 
2) the Graduate Record Examination scores (not over five years old); and 3) evidence oi 
creative ability in the form of a portfolio of drawings, photographs or other expressive media. 
Details concerning format and content may be obtained from the School of Architecture. 

Three categories of students will be considered for admission: 1 ) students with a four-year 
bachelor's degree (architecture or equivalent major) from accredited architecture school- 
students who do not have a bachelor's degree in architecture from an accredited college or 
university but have successfully completed specified undergraduate prerequisites that are 
outlined by the School of Architecture; and 3) students with an accredited professional 
bachelor's or master's degree in architecture. Students are expected to enroll on a full-time 
basis. For complete information on curricula requirements for these categories, write to the 
School of Architecture. 

Master's Degree Requirements 

1. Students entering the program with a four-year bachelor's degree in architecture from 
an accredited college or university normally need two years of graduate study to 
complete the requirements for the professional Master of Architecture degree. The 
established curriculum requires four semesters of academic work encompassing a total 
of 60 credits. Additional credits may be required depending upon the admissions 
committee's evaluation of the individual's academic and architectural experience. 

2. Students who enter the professional program w ithout an architecture bachelor's degree 
will normally require seven semesters of design studio and other prerequisite courses. 
Students may be granted advanced standing if they have completed the appropriate 
prerequisites. Information on required courses and curriculum may be obtained from the 
School of Architecture. 

3. A special option leading to the Master of Architecture degree is available for those 
students who already possess a professional degree in architecture i B.Arch. or M.Arch. ) 
from an accredited program. This option is designed to accommodate the needs of 
students who wish to do advanced work beyond that required for the professional 
degree. Applicants must specify in detail the nature of the proposed course of study for 
review and approval by the admissions committee prior to their admission. The School 
currently provides resources for advanced work in international studies in architecture, 
architectural history and preservation, and architectural technology . 



1 00 Architecture Program (ARCH) 



4. A program leading to a Master's Certificate in Historic Preservation is available to 
M.Arch. candidates. The course of study includes 24 credits and an approved thesis, 
which may satisfy requirements of both the Architecture and Preservation curricula. 

Facilities and Special Resources 

The School of Architecture is ideally located between Washington, D.C.. and Baltimore and 
surrounded by a number of historic communities and a varied physical environment. The 
resulting opportunity for environmental design study is unsurpassed. The School's resources 
include a modern physical plant that provides design workstations for each student, a wood- 
working and model shop, an environmental testing laboratory, a computer-aided design 
facility and a darkroom. The School's library contains some 26,000 monographs and 6,000 
current periodicals, making it one of the major architectural libraries in the nation. The 
National Trust Library for Historic Preservation, housed in McKeldin Library, contains 
1 1,000 volumes and 450 periodical titles. The slide collection includes approximately 260,000 
slides on architecture, landscape architecture, planning and technical subjects. The School also 
provides an opportunity for professional experience and service through its nonprofit Center 
for Architectural Design and Research and CADRE Corporation, whose mission is to broaden 
the educational experience of students through environmental design services directed by 
faculty members and rendered to a variety of clients. 

Students continue to participate in field archaeology. Projects in the past have taken place 
in Tunisia, Turkey, Jordan, Israel and Sri Lanka. The School is a sponsoring member of 
CAHEP (Caesarea Ancient Harbor Excavation Project) where qualified students participate in 
both land and underwater archaeology. 

Summer workshops for historic preservation are sponsored by the School in Cape May, NJ, 
a designated national historic landmark district, and Kiplin Hall, North Yorkshire, England. 
Students may earn credit doing hands-on restoration work and by attending lectures presented 
by visiting architects, preservationists and scholars. 

Financial Assistance 

The School of Architecture offers a limited and varying number of teaching and research 
assistantships, scholarships, fellowships and internships. Applicants should apply for financial 
assistance when submitting the application for admission. 

Additional Information 

For more specific information on the program, contact: 

Graduate Director 
School of Architecture 
University of Maryland 
College Park, MD 20742-141 1 
(301)405-6284 

For courses, see code ARCH. 



Art History and Archaeology Program ( ARTH) 1 1 



Art History and Archaeology Program (ARTH) 

Chair: Parquhar 

Professors: Denny, Eyo, Parquhar, Hargrove. Miller. Pressl\, Wheelock 

Associate Professors: Kuo, Spiro. Venit. Withers 

Assistant Professors: Colantuono, Promey, Sandler, Sharp 

Adjunct Professor: Kelly 

The Department of Art History and Archaeology offers graduate study leading to the Master 
of Arts and Doctor of Philosophy degrees in Art History. The Program is committed to the 
advanced study and scholarly interpretation of works of art from the prehistoric era to the 
present and is grounded in the concept of art as a humanistic experience. The faculty offer 
expertise in all phases of the history of Western art as well as the arts of Africa. Pre-Columbian 
America and East Asia. 

Admission Information 

For admission to the Master's program, students should have an undergraduate degree from 
an accredited college or university, or its equivalent. Although the applicant must demonstrate 
a general knowledge of art history, an undergraduate major in art history is not required. 
Students are required to submit the verbal and quantitative Graduate Record Examination 
scores for admission. 

Master's Degree Requirements 

For the Master's degree, the student will: complete 30 credit hours at the 600 and 700 levels 
(at least 9 of these credits must be 700 level seminars: 6 are for thesis research: and one course 
must be ARTH 692, Methods of Art History); maintain a grade of B or better in coursework: 
pass the departmental language examination in either French. German or a language 
appropriate to the area studied, such as Japanese; complete a thesis that demonstrates 
competency in research and in original investigation: and pass a final oral examination on the 
thesis and the field that it represents. Courses must be taken in at least five of the eleven 
designated fields of study. 

Doctoral Degree Requirements 

Requirements for the Doctor of Philosophy degree include 21 credit hours of courses taken 
at the 600 level or above with a grade of B or better: ARTH 692. Methods of Art History, if 
not previously taken: reading knowledge of both French and German or other languages 
appropriate to the area studied: oral and written qualifying examinations in the student's major 
and minor fields; a dissertation that demonstrates the student's capacity to perform 
independent research; and a final oral examination on the dissertation and the field it 
represents. The requirements listed above assume a student has entered the Ph.D. program 
having already earned an M.A. or equivalent degree. The Department also offers an alternative 
Ph.D. program that permits qualified students to pursue the doctorate without earning a M.A. 
degree. The requirements are similar to those above except fifteen courses (45 hours) 
distributed over at least five of the designated fields are required. Admission to the direct 
doctoral program is decided on a case by case basis. 



1 02 Art History and Archaeology Program (ARTH) 



Applicants are required to submit their applications by January 15 for entrance in the Fall 
term. 

Facilities and Special Resources 

The Art Library houses approximately 70,000 volumes as well as a vast body of auxiliary 
material, including about a million sheets of microfiche. The Department's visual aids facility 
contains 175,000 slides and a constantly growing battery of video technology. The Art 
Gallery, which is also located in the Art/Sociology Building, maintains a lively and varied 
exhibition schedule and has a permanent collection of twentieth-century American paintings 
and prints and a study collection of African art. Graduate courses in museum studies are 
offered through the Gallery. For hands-on study of archaeological artifacts, the Department 
has the Lloyd and Jeanne Raport collection of some 130 objects from ancient Egypt, Greece, 
Rome and Pre-Columbian America. 

At the University of Maryland Caesarea Project, which is an ongoing archaeological project 
at Caesarea Maritima, Israel, qualified graduate students may take part in the excavations, and 
work at this site may lead to M.A. or Ph.D. dissertations. Students may also be eligible to 
participate in the archaeological fieldwork of Professor Eyo in Nigeria or Professor Miller at 
ancient Mexican sites. 

The University of Maryland is located in the suburbs of Washington, D.C., and is 30 
minutes from the National Gallery of Art and the National Gallery's Center for Advanced 
Study in the Visual Arts, the Corcoran Gallery, the Phillips Collection, the Hirshhorn Museum 
and Sculpture Garden, the National Museum of American Art, the Museum of African Art, the 
Freer and Arthur M. Sackler Galleries, which are devoted to the art of East Asia, the National 
Museum of Women in the Arts and many other major art museums. The campus is a 40-minute 
drive from such Baltimore institutions as the Walters Art Gallery and the Baltimore Museum 
of Art. In addition to the University's library resources, graduate students have access to the 
Library of Congress, the Archives of American Art, the libraries of Dumbarton Oaks and other 
research facilities. In order to enhance the student's curricular choices, the Department 
maintains an arrangement for course exchange with the Art History department of the Johns 
Hopkins University in Baltimore. To similar effect, the Department is a member of the 
Washington Area Art History Consortium, which unites the graduate art history departments 
of the greater Washington area. 

The Department organizes a variety of liaison activities with leading cultural institutions in 
the Washington-Baltimore area. The Middle Atlantic Symposium in the History of Art is 
sponsored jointly by the Department and the National Gallery of Art; this annual event 
provides the opportunity for advanced graduate students from universities in the Middle 
Atlantic region to present their research at a professional forum. Special seminars are 
frequently given by curators of such local collections as the National Gallery of Art, the Freer 
Gallery or the Department of Prints and Photographs at the Library of Congress. A program 
has been initiated whereby CASVA Fellows will meet with our students for informal 
colloquia. The department also co-sponsors international symposia such as Van Dyck 350 
with the Center for Advanced Study in the Visual Arts and other local institutions. 



Art Program (ARTT) 103 



Financial Assistance 

Fellowships are awarded on the basis <>i merit b\ the College ol Arts and Humanities and 
by the Graduate School. Several graduate assistantships arc awarded b> the Department Also, 

four Museum Fellowships are awarded each semester by the Department ol Art HistOT) for 
research at major museums in the Washington-Baltimore area. Approximate!) thirt) graduate 

students are full) supported with stipends and tuition each semester. The Department's Frank 
Di Federico Fellowship, in memory of the late Professor Di Federico, is tor work on the 
doctoral dissertation. In honor of its former chairman, the Department has established the 
George Levitine Art History Endowment, in support of research activities of graduate students 
as well as faculty. 

Additional Information 

For information on the Master of Education in Art Education, refer to the section of this 
catalog devoted to Secondary Education. A more detailed description of Departmental 
requirements for the above programs and other information may be obtained from: 

Graduate Secretary 

Department of Art History and Archaeology 

University of Maryland 

College Park, MD 20742 

(301)405-1479 

For courses, see code ARTH. 



Art Program (ARTT) 

Chair: Pogue 

Professors: DeMonte, Driskell. Lapinski, Morrison, Pogue 

Associate Professors: Craig, Forbes, Gelman. Gips", Kehoe, Klank, Niese, Richardson 

Assistant Professors: Humphrey. McCarty. Ruppert. Sham. Sonfist 

Lecturers: Jacobs 

* Director, University Art Gallery 

The Department of Art offers a program of graduate study leading to the degree of Master 
of Fine Arts. Graduate Faculty consists of over 18 active professional artists specializing in 
the traditional studio areas of painting, sculpture, printmaking and drawing. Additional 
interests are reflected in course offerings such as papermaking. environmental art. mixed 
media and photography. 

Admission Information 

The Art Department requires an undergraduate degree with an art major from an accredited 
college or university, or its equivalent, for admission to the graduate program. A minimum of 
30 credit hours of undergraduate work in studio courses and 12 credit hours in art history 
courses is recommended. 



104 Art Program (ARTT) 



The MFA Degree is the terminal degree in studio art. Only the highest level of 
undergraduate work is appropriate for graduate application. The Department of Art seeks 
students who have developed coherent bodies of work that are personal and focused. The slide 
portfolio is the most important component of the application to the MFA program. 

Master's Degree Requirements 

Candidates for the Master of Fine Arts Degree must complete a program that consists of a 
minimum of 36 credit hours. These 36 hours break down into 24 credit hours of studio courses, 
6 credit hours of Art History or Art Theory, and 6 credit hours of Masters Thesis Research. All 
graduate studio courses are independent studies. Graduate Reviews, with committees made up 
of six to ten faculty take place at the end of each semester. Each MFA candidate must present 
his or her work in a Thesis Exhibition, installed in the University of Maryland Art Gallery each 
Spring, develop a written component to the Thesis (These have varied in length from five to 
fifty pages in recent years), and present an oral defense of the Thesis. 

Facilities and Special Resources 

Studio facilities are spacious and well-equipped. Painting students are able to work in oils, 
acrylic, watercolor, fresco and encaustic. The sculpture area includes a woodshop, a welding 
and forging area, a stone and related materials area, and an active foundry. Printmakers can 
choose to work in intaglio, lithography, photo-etching, silkscreen or woodcuts. Drawing and 
papermaking facilities are also available as well as special project rooms. 

Each graduate student is provided with a studio and access to models and classroom 
facilities. Environmental works and sculptural installations may be built both indoors and 
outside on the grounds. 

Within the building housing the Department of Art, there are two galleries and two libraries. 
The University of Maryland Art Gallery, an independent unit that works closely with the 
Department of Art, features national and international contemporary and historical exhibitions 
as well as faculty and annual MFA Thesis shows. The West Gallery is a student organized 
gallery that features student exhibitions, lectures, special projects and a space for social 
activities. The Art Library, separate from the large research libraries on campus, has an 
outstanding collection of books, catalogues, periodicals and reproductions, all indexed on 
computer and CD ROM systems. 

Financial Assistance 

The Department offers seven teaching assistantships and the College offers two-year 
fellowships. A number of Graduate School Fellowships are also available. Applications 
should be submitted by February 1 for consideration for a graduate assistantship or fellowship. 



Astronomy Program (ASTR) 1 05 



Additional Information 

For further information, contact: 

The Art Department 
University o\' Maryland 
College Park, MD 20742 
(301)405-7790 

For courses, see code ARTT. 



Astronomy Program (ASTR) 

Chair: Leventhal 

Professors: A'Hearn, Bell, Blitz, Earl, Harrington, Heckman, Kumdu, Papadopoulous, Rose, 
Trimble. Wentzel, Wilson 
Professor Emeriti: Erickson, Ken- 
Associate Professors: Matthews, Mundy, Vogel 
Assistant Professor: Stone 
Adjunct Professors: Hauser, Holt, Westerhout 
Associate Research Scientists: Goodrich, White 
Assistant Research Scientists: Gopalswamy, Kim 

The Department of Astronomy offers programs of study leading to the Master of Science 
and Doctor of Philosophy degrees. The M.S. program includes both thesis and non-thesis 
option. 

A full schedule of courses in all fields of astronomy is offered including galactic astronomy, 
high energy astrophysics, solar system astrophysics, observational astronomy, celestial 
mechanics, solar physics, study of the interstellar medium, extragalactic astronomy and 
plasma astrophysics. Some areas in which the faculty focus their research efforts are comets, 
stellar atmospheres and spectra, solar radio astronomy, mm wavelength astronomy, the 
interstellar medium, active galaxies, plasma astrophysics and high energy astrophysics. 

Admission Information 

No formal undergraduate course work in astronomy is required. However, an entering 
student should have a basic, working knowledge of the subject, which could be obtained from 
one of many elementary textbooks. A more advanced knowledge will of course enable a 
student to progress more rapidly during the first year of graduate work. 

A satisfactory score on the GRE Advanced Test in Physics is normally required before an 
applicant's admission to the Graduate School will be considered, but the Graduate Entrance 
Committee may waive this requirement in special cases. Instead, the committee may set other 
conditions as a requirement for admission to be fulfilled either before admission or during the 
first year at Maryland. 



1 06 Astronomy Program (ASTR) 



Master's Degree Requirements 

Candidates for the Master of Science Degree with thesis are required to complete 24 credits 
exclusive of registration for master's research. At least 12 credits must be in the major area 
and at least 12 must be at the 600 level (not necessarily the same 12). In addition, at least six 
credits must be in a related field (supporting area). 

The non-thesis option of the M.S. degree requires six credits in the major at the 600 level in 
addition to the general requirements described above. That is, a total of 30 credits are required 
of which 18 must be in the major and at least 18 at the 600 level. The student must also pass a 
written examination, usually consisting of the written part of the Ph.D. qualifying examination 
with appropriately chosen passing requirements. 

Doctoral Degree Requirements 

Students must take at least four and normally will take all of the following principal courses: 
ASTR 600, 605, 610, 620, 640 and 670. These courses are usually completed within the first 
two years of the Ph.D. program. Twelve credits of advanced physics courses are also required. 
Students will be aided at the end of the first year in choosing a suitable research project that is 
required during the second year. Students may qualify for the Ph.D. program based on their 
coursework and research project performance and on a written examination integrating the six 
principal courses. The examination is taken during the summer after the second year. 

Facilities and Special Resources 

The Astronomy Program carries on an extensive research program in the areas discussed 
above with the graduate students playing an active role in this research. Approximately one- 
fourth of all research papers published have a graduate student as one of the authors. 

The University of Maryland has joined with the University of California at Berkeley and the 
University of Illinois in a project to expand and upgrade the radio observatory located at Hat 
Creek in California. The initial stage of the project was completed in the fall of 1993 with 
installation of six antennas. Another four or five will be added in the next three years making 
the BIMA array the largest such instrument working at millimeter wavelengths. The telescope 
is a major tool for the exploration of the interstellar medium. Although it is possible to do 
remote observing from the Maryland site, students are encouraged to travel to the site to learn 
about the instrument firsthand. Data reduction is possible "in house" as the result of a major 
expansion in the computer facilities in the Astronomy Program. 

The Program has strong interaction with national astronomy observatories, where many 
students and faculty maintain observing programs, and also with neighboring scientific 
institutes. A major program of cooperative research has been established with the Goddard 
Space Flight Center, where a number of graduate students conduct research. There are also 
contacts with the Naval Observatory, the Naval Research Lab and other government agencies. 

Financial Assistance 

The Astronomy Program offers both teaching and research assistantships. In 1992-93 there 
were 16 teaching assistants and 15 research assistants. Most students receive assistantships to 



Biochemistry Program (BCHM) 1 07 



cover the summer period. These are either with facult) in the Program 01 withstafl members 
at the Goddard Space Right Center. Souk- summer teaching assistantships are also available. 

The deadline for financial support applications is Februarj I for assistantships and 
fellowships. 

Additional Information 

For more specific information, contact: 

Graduate Admission Committee 

Department of Astronomy 

1205 Computer and Space Sciences Building 

University of Maryland 

College Park, MD 20742-2421 

(301)405-3001 

For courses, see code ASTR. 



Biochemistry Program (BCHM) 

Chair: Jarvis 

Professors: Armstrong, Dunaway-Mariano, Gerlt, Hansen, Munn, Ponnamperuma 

Professors Emeriti: Holmland, Keeney, Veitch 

Associate Professor: Sampugna, Jul in 

Assistant Professors: Woodson, Forbes 

The Graduate Program in Biochemistry offers study leading to Master of Science and 
Doctor of Philosophy degrees. Research specialization at College Park is available in drug 
metabolism, enzyme mechanisms, bioorganic chemistry, lipid biochemistry, membrane 
structure and function, metabolic regulation, nucleic acid biochemistry, nutritional 
biochemistry and x-ray crystallography. 

Admission Information 

Admission to graduate study at the University of Maryland normally requires a minimum 
of a Bachelor of Science (B.S.), Bachelor of Arts (B.A.) or equivalent degree with a minimum 
of 30 semester or 40 quarter hours of chemistry, an overall grade point average greater than 
3.0 (on a scale where the average grade is 2.0), and 3 letters of reference indicating a potential 
for independent, creative scientific research. The study program in chemistry should have 
included at least 1 year of physical chemistry, 1 year of organic chemistry and 1 semester of 
inorganic chemistry, as well as laboratory courses in organic chemistry, physical chemistry 
and analytical chemistry. 

The general Graduate Record Examination (GRE) scores are required of all applicants. 
Applicants from non-English speaking countries must also present the results of the Test of 
English as a Foreign Language (TOEFL). 



1 08 Biochemistry Program (BCHM) 



The above requirements represent minimum requirements and the competition for available 
space may limit admissions to persons with credentials above these minimum requirements. 

Before obtaining a degree in the program, a student must demonstrate adequate preparation 
in biochemistry and in analytical, organic and physical chemistry. Diagnostic examinations in 
these subjects are offered to students at the beginning of their first semester for this purpose. 
Students who perform unsatisfactorily on these examinations or who may not have had 
undergraduate preparation in one or more of these areas will be advised to register for 
appropriate courses. Information on course work, comprehensive examinations and the 
research interests of the faculty is available for the guidance of degree candidates. 

Master's Degree Requirements 

The M.S. degree program offers both the thesis and non-thesis options. Twenty-four course 
credits and six research credits are required for either option. The non-thesis option requires a 
comprehensive final examination, while the thesis option requires one seminar presentation 
and an oral defense of the thesis. 

Doctoral Degree Requirements 

Twenty-one course credit hours, with twelve credits of research, two seminar presentations, 
an oral exam for advancement to candidacy for the doctoral degree, and a final dissertation 
defense are required for the doctoral degree. 

Facilities and Special Resources 

Biochemistry research is conducted in well-equipped research laboratories. In addition, the 
following central facilities are available: animal colony, fermentation pilot plant, analytical 
ultracentrifuge, PDP-11, Silicon Graphics, and VAX computers; a state-of-the-art computer 
graphics facility, liquid scintillation counters, nuclear magnetic resonance and mass 
spectrometers, and a chemistry-biochemistry library. 

Financial Assistance 

Entering graduate students are normally supported on graduate teaching assistantships. 
Teaching assistants usually instruct undergraduate laboratory and recitation classes and 
receive in return a tuition waiver often credits each semester. 

Additional Information 

Information on requirements and research interests of the faculty may be obtained from: 

Director of Graduate Studies 

Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry 

University of Maryland 

College Park, MD 20742 

(301)405-7022 

For courses, see BCHM. 



Botany Program (BOTN) 1 09 



Botany Program (BOTN) 

Acting Chair: Lockard 

Professors: Bean, Gantt, Kant/cs. Krusberg, Lockard, Patterson, Reveal, Steiner, N/e, 

Teramura 

Distinguished Professor: Diener 

Professors Emeriti: Brown, Lockard, Sisler 

Associate Professors: Barnett, Bottino, Cooke, Forseth, Grybauskas, Hutcheson, Motta, 

Racusen, Wolniak 

Assistant Professors: Dudash, Fenster, Straney 

Adjunct Professor: Cohen 

Adjunct Associate Professor: Herman 

Adjunct Assistant Professor: Culver 

Affiliate Associate Professor: Inouye 

The Department of Botany offers graduate programs leading to the Master of Science and 
Doctor of Philosophy degrees. In consultation with faculty advisers, students develop a course 
program and research topic appropriate to their individual intellectual potential and 
professional goals. The Program's objective is to equip the student with the background and 
training for a career in plant biology in academics, government, industry or the private sector. 

Areas of specialization in plant biology include: biochemistry, cell biology, developmental 
biology, ecology, evolution, genetics and molecular biology, host-pathogen interactions, 
mycology, nematology, pathology, physiology, systematics and virology. 

A wide range of job opportunities are available to Botany majors with M.S. and Ph.D. 
degrees. A high percentage of our graduates obtain positions utilizing their training within a 
short time of graduation. 

Admission Information 

Applicants should have a general science background including two semesters each of: 
calculus, physics, inorganic chemistry, and organic chemistry. A bachelor's or master's 
degree is required for entrance into the program with a background including many of the 
following courses: introductory biology, genetics, ecology, physiology, plant systematics, cell 
biology, plant anatomy, and molecular biology. The Graduate Record Examination should be 
taken before applying for admission. Letters of recommendation from three individuals who 
can judge the applicant's potential in graduate school should be submitted, along with a 
statement of purpose, and official transcripts from all colleges and universities attended. 
Generally, applicants should have an overall minimum GPA of B (3.0). Application for part- 
time status is not encouraged. 

Master's Degree Requirements 

The minimum Graduate School requirements for a master's degree govern the Program, but 
a high degree of intellectual excellence is of greater consequence than the completion of a 
particular curriculum at the undergraduate level. While the degree requirements are flexible, 
they involve a demonstration of competence in the broad field of botany, as well as the 



110 Business and Management Program (BMGT) 



completion of courses in other supporting disciplines. A foreign language is required only if 
it is deemed necessary by the student's advisory committee. 

Doctoral Degree Requirements 

The Ph.D. program requires a preliminary oral examination, and a written dissertation of a 
well-conceived experimental research project. The dissertation must be presented to a 
graduate faculty committee and be orally defended by the candidate. Candidates are also 
required to make a presentation of their research findings in a Departmental seminar. 

Facilities and Special Resources 

The Department's laboratories are equipped to investigate most aspects of plant and 
molecular biological research. Students will have access to light and transmission microscopy, 
confocal scanning light microscopy, low-speed centri- fuges, ultracentrifuges, liquid and gas 
chromatography, spectral radiometers, gas analyzers, spectrophotometers, scintillation 
counters, DNA and protein analyses systems, a computer laboratory, and environmentally 
controlled growth chambers. Field and greenhouse facilities are available for research, as well 
as a herbarium, biochemistry preparation rooms, dark rooms, cold rooms, and special culture 
facilities. 

Financial Assistance 

Financial assistance is available in the form of competitive fellowships, and graduate 
assistantships for teaching and research. 

Additional Information 

The Department has a brochure available on request. For specific information on 
Departmental programs, admission procedures or financial aid, contact: 

Director of Graduate Studies 
Department of Botany 
University of Maryland 
College Park, MD 20742 
(301)405-1649 

For courses, see code BOTN. 



Business and Management Program (BMGT) 

Dean: Mayer 

Associate Deans: Bradford, Stocker 

Assistant Deans: Mattingly, Schram 

Director of Doctoral Program: Madan 

Director of MBA and M.S. Programs: Wellman 

Chairs: Corsi, Durand, Golden, Hevner, Kolodny, Locke, S. Loeb 

Professors: Alavi, Assad, Ball, Bartol, Bedingfield, Bodin, Bradford, Carroll, Chen, Corsi, 



Business and Management Program (BMGT) 1 1 1 



Durand, Gannon, (lass. Golden, Gordon, Greer, Grimm, Gupta, Haslem, Hevner, Kolodfly, 

Kot/, Lamone, Leete, Levinc, Locke, M. Loeb, S. Loeb, Mayer, Preston, Senbet, Simon, Shun. 

Smith, Yao 

Professors Kmeriti: Jolson, Tali 

Associate Professors: Alt, Biehal, Chang, Eun, Fromovitz, Krapfel, Madan, Maksimovic, 

Nickels. Olian, Raschid, Taylor, Wagner. Widhelm, Windle 

Assistant Professors: Ali, Dresner, Evers, Fu, Kaku. Kandelin, LeClere, Lefkoff-Hagius, 

Liu, Ostas, Pichler, Scott, Sengupta, Seshadri, Stevens. Stockdale, Thompson, LJnal, Wally, 

Wheeler, Wong 

Affiliate Professor: Masi 

Affiliate Assistant Professor: Mattingly 

The College of Business and Management offers graduate study leading to the degrees ot 
Master of Business Administration (MBA), Master of Science in Business and Management 
(M.S.), and Doctor of Philosophy (Ph.D.). The College's MBA program is accredited 
nationally by the American Assembly of Collegiate Schools of Business. Only about 30 
percent of the more than 1,000 graduate programs in the country are accredited by the 
AACSB, a reflection of the quality of faculty, students, curriculum, and facilities. 

Areas of faculty specialization include accounting, entrepreneurship, finance, management 
science and statistics, information systems, international business, marketing, management 
and organization, transportation, and business and public policy. 

Admission Information 

Admission criteria for the MBA, M.S. and Ph.D. programs are based on: (1) quality of 
undergraduate and graduate coursework; (2) score on the Graduate Management Admission 
Test (GMAT); (3) two letters of recommendation; (4) other relevant information and 
professional experience; and (5) written essays of objectives. Prospective applicants should 
contact the program at (301) 405-2278 for master's degree application materials and (301) 
405-2214 for the Ph.D. program. 

MBA Degree Requirements 

The College of Business and Management offers an MBA program designed to provide the 
educational foundation for those students with the potential to exhibit the highest degree of 
excellence in future careers as professional managers. The MBA program requires 54 credits 
of coursework which is normally four semesters for a full-time student. There is no thesis 
requirement. Successful students in the program are expected to demonstrate the following: 
(1) a thorough and integrated knowledge of the basic tools, concepts and theories relating to 
professional management; (2) behavioral and analytical skills necessary to deal creatively and 
effectively with organizations and management problems: (3) an understanding of the 
economic, political, technological and social environments in which organizations operate: < 4 1 
a sense of professional and personal integrity and social responsibility in the conduct of 
managerial affairs both internal and external to the organization. 

Program prerequisites include a bachelor's degree, successful completion of a college-level 
calculus course and facility with the microcomputer. 



112 Business and Management Program (BMGT) 



Students whose cumulative grade point average falls below 3.0 will be placed on probation 
and will be given a specified amount of time to raise the average to a 3.0. Failure to do so will 
result in academic dismissal from the program. 

Maryland MBA graduates obtain employment in a wide spectrum of organizations, at 
highly competitive starting salaries. 

Master's Degree Requirements 

The College offers an M.S. program for students wishing to concentrate in Accounting/ 
Information Systems, Information Systems, Operations Research or Statistics. The Program is 
designed for students with strong quantitative skills who desire a more technical management 
education. Students typically come to the program with undergraduate majors in business, 
engineering, sciences, information and computer systems, mathematics or economics. 
Prerequisites include calculus and a high-level computer language. Additional prerequisites in 
business and management fundamental courses are determined by the student's background. 
Depending on the concentration selected, the program calls for either 30 or 33 credit hours 
beyond the prerequisites. A thesis option is offered that may represent six credits in the area 
of concentration. Program progress and admission standards described above for the MBA 
program are also applicable to the M.S. program. 

Doctoral Degree Requirements 

The Ph.D. program is designed to produce outstanding scholars in management-related 
disciplines. Thus, a strong research philosophy pervades the entire program. Only full-time 
students are admitted. The low student-to-faculty ratio fosters a high degree of interaction 
between faculty and students on research projects of mutual interest, frequently culminating 
in journal articles. Students whose career aspirations are congruent with the program's 
research orientation can look forward to a learning experience that is not only demanding but 
also stimulating and enriching. Recent graduates are employed at various academic 
institutions, including: Boston College, Columbia University, Georgia Tech, Houston, Penn 
State, Syracuse, Texas A & M, Vanderbilt University, the University of Texas, William and 
Mary, Baruch, and the University of Washington. 

All Ph.D. students are provisionally admitted and must achieve at least 3.25 GPA in each of 
their first two semesters. Failure to do so results in being placed on probation for one semester. 
The student will then be dismissed unless a 3.25 overall GPA is obtained. Ph.D. course 
requirements depend on the amount of relevant prior study. Preparation in calculus is required 
for admission. 

The Ph.D. student may select a single major ( 1 8 credits), one minor ( 1 2 credits) and a set of 
research tools courses (12 credits). Major areas of concentration may be chosen from among 
such fields as accounting, finance, human resource management, information systems, 
management science and statistics, marketing, organizational behavior and theory, 
management strategy and planning, transportation, operations research, taxation and 
international business. 



Business and Management Program (BMGT) 1 1 3 



Minors and second majors m;i\ include areas inside or outside the ( lollege of Business and 
Management. Typical outside minors include computer science, economics, engineer 
government and politics, mathematics, psychology and sociology 

Students are required to take a written comprehensive examination in the major area. 
Additional exam(s) may be required. Upon successful completion ol all coursework and 
comprehensive exam(s), the student is advanced to candidacy. 

Each Ph.D. candidate prepares a formal dissertation proposal and defends it at an open 
meeting of faculty and students. The proposal should clearly indicate how the dissertation will 
make a contribution to the literature of the field. Every doctoral student must register lor a 
minimum o\' 12 dissertation research credits during the program. 

MBA/JD Joint Program 

The College of Business and Management and the School of Law of the University ol 
Maryland at Baltimore offer a joint program of studies leading to MBA and JD degrees. Under 
the terms of the joint program, a student may earn both degrees in four academic years. The 
accelerated program is possible because some courses can be credited toward both degrees. 
Candidates must apply for admission to the Law School at Baltimore as well as to the Graduate 
School at College Park and must be admitted to both programs. 

Under the joint program 78 credits in law school coupled with 36 credits in business courses 
are required for graduation. Eighteen credits of law will be substituted for MBA elective 
coursework. Grade point averages in each program will be computed separately and students 
must maintain minimum standards in each school to continue in the program. The Graduate 
School will not accept transfer credit from coursework taken outside the joint program. A 
student must complete both programs satisfactorily in order to receive both degrees. The MBA 
and the JD degrees must be awarded simultaneously. A student whose enrollment is 
terminated in one program may elect to complete work for the degree in which he or she 
remains enrolled, but such completion must be upon the same conditions as required of regular 
(nonjoint program) degree candidates. Student programs must be approved by the law school 
adviser for the joint program and the MBA Program Director. For further discussion of 
admission and degree requirements, students should see the above and consult the entry in the 
University of Maryland School of Law catalog. 

MBA/MPM Joint Program 

The College of Business and Management and the School of Public Affairs offer a joint 
program of studies leading to the MBA and MPM degrees. Under the terms of the joint 
program, a student may earn both degrees in approximately five semesters. The accelerated 
program is possible because some courses can be credited toward both degrees. Candidates 
must be admitted to both programs. 

Under the joint program. 66 credits are required for graduation, split about equally between 
the programs. Grade point averages in each program will be computed separately and students 
must maintain minimum standards in each school to continue in the program. A student must 
complete both programs satisfactorily in order to receive both degrees. A student whose 
enrollment in either program is terminated may elect to complete work for the degree in which 



114 Business and Management Program (BMGT) 



he or she remains enrolled, but such completion must be upon the same conditions as required 
of regular (nonjoint program) degree candidates. Student programs must be approved by the 
Associate Dean of the School of Public Affairs and the MBA Program Director. For further 
discussion of admission and degree requirements, students should see the general admission 
requirements for each program. 

Facilities and Special Resources 

The College faculty has been recruited from the graduate programs of leading universities 
in the nation. They are dedicated scholars, teachers and professional leaders with a strong 
commitment to academic excellence and the education of the professional manager and 
researcher. 

Special programs offered by the College include courses in entrepreneurship through the 
Michael D. Dingman Center for Entrepreneurship and an MBA practicum course, BMGT 791 , 
in which students research a problem of significant management concern in a participating 
firm or agency. Through graduate program requirements and faculty research activities, 
students gain exposure to private enterprise, to the public sector and to the vast education, 
research, library and cultural resources of Washington, D.C. 

Students also have access to the exceptional academic and professional resources of the 
College Park campus including excellent library and computer facilities. A remote computer 
terminal and on-line teletype facilities are located in the building. 

Financial Assistance 

Financial aid is available to qualified students in the form of fellowships, graduate 
assistantships, work-study, scholarships, and for Ph.D. students, instructorships. 

Additional Information 

The College has available brochures that give specific degree requirements for the MBA 
and Ph.D. programs. Initial inquiries should be directed to: 

Director of MBA/MS Admissions Director of the Doctoral Program 

College of Business & Management College of Business & Management 

University of Maryland University of Maryland 

College Park, MD 20742 College Park, MD 20742 

(301)405-2278 (301)405-2214 

For courses, see code BMGT. 



Chemical Engineering Program (ENCH) 1 1 5 



Chemical Engineering Program (ENCH) 

Acting (hair: Calabrese 

Professors: Choi. Gentry, McAvoj \ Regan, Sengers 1 , Smith, Weigand 

Associate Professors: Calabrese, Gasner, Zafiiiou 2 

Assistant Professors: Bentley 3 , Wang 

'Joint appointment with Institute for Physical Science and Technology. UMCP 

: Joint appointment with Institute for Systems Research. UMCP 

Uoint appointment with the Center for Agricultural Biotechnology. MBI 

The Chemical Engineering Department offers graduate study leading to the Master of 
Science and Doctor of Philosophy degrees. Major areas of graduate research are: applied 
polymer science and engineering, biochemical engineering, transport phenomena and 
chemical process systems engineering. Interdisciplinary research program is availble in 
chemical process systems engineering area. 

Admission Information 

The programs leading to the Master of Science and Doctor of Philosophy degrees are open 
to qualified students holding the Bachelor of Science degree. Admission may be granted to 
students with degrees in engineering and science areas from accredited programs, and it may 
be necessary in some cases to require courses to fulfill this background. The general 
regulations of the Graduate School apply in reviewing applications. 

Master's Degree Requirements 

The M.S. program offers both a thesis and non-thesis option. All students seeking graduate 
degrees in Chemical Engineering must enroll in ENCH 610, 620. 630. and 640 if they have 
not completed equivalent courses. In addition to Graduate School regulations, special degree 
requirements are included in Departmental publications. 

Doctoral Degree Requirements 

In addition to Graduate School regulations, special degree requirements include a written 
Ph.D. qualifying examination and an oral presentation of a research proposal covering the 
Ph.D. dissertation. 

Facilities and Special Resources 

A number of special facilities are available for graduate study and research and are 
coordinated through the Polymer Reaction Engineering Laboratory, the Chemical Process 
Systems Laboratory, the Laboratory for Biochemical Engineering and the Biochemical 
Reactor Scale Up Facility. These laboratories contain advanced digital process control 
computers. AI computers, polymer processing equipment and polymerization reactors, 
polymer characterization instrumentation, fermentors. a laser anemometry facility, and an 
aerosol characterization facility. 



1 1 6 Chemical Physics Program (CHPH) 



Financial Assistance 

Fellowships, as well as research and teaching assistantships, are available on a limited basis 
for qualified graduate students. 

Additional Information 

For more specific information on the graduate program, contact: 

Chairman 

Chemical Engineering Department 

2113 Chemical and Nuclear Engineering Building 

University of Maryland 

College Park, MD 20742-21 1 1 

(301)405-1935 

For courses, see code ENCH. 



Chemical Physics Program (CHPH) 

Director: Williams (IPST/PHYS) 

Associate Director: Moore (CHEM) 

Professors: Alexander, Greer, Khanna, Mignerey, G. Miller, Tossell, Weiner (CHEM); 

Gentry (ENCH); Chellappa, Dagenais, Davis, Lee (ENEE); Ott (ENEE/PHYS); Gupta, 

(ENME); Coplan, Gammon, Ginter, Hill, Mcllrath, Sengers, Wilkerson (IPST); Thirumalai, 

Weeks (IPST/CHEM); Benesch (IPST, Emeritus); Dorfman, Fisher, Kirkpatrick (IPST/ 

PHYS); Skiff (LPR/PHYS); Das Sarma, Einstein, Lynn (PHYS); Ferrell (PHYS, Emeritus) 

Associate Professors: Calabrese (ENCH); Radermacher (ENME); Hill (IPST); Milchberg 

(IPST/ENEE); Dickerson (METO) 

Assistant Professors: Forbes, C. Miller, Reutt-Robey (CHEM); Briber, Salamanca-Riba 

(ENMA/ENNU); 

Adjunct Professor: Nossal (NIH); Clark, Phillips (NIST) 

The Chemical Physics Program offers graduate study leading to both the Master of Science 
and Doctor of Philosophy degrees for students who wish to establish a professional career in 
which a knowledge of both physics and chemistry is needed. Students can concentrate their 
studies in chemistry, physics, chemical engineering, electrical engineering, mechanical 
engineering or meteorology. 

The Chemical Physics Program is under the joint sponsorship of the Institute for Physical 
Science and Technology and six academic departments: Chemistry, Physics, Electrical 
Engineering, Chemical Engineering, Mechanical Engineering and Meteorology. The 
Chemical Physics Committee oversees the program and is made up of representatives from the 
sponsoring units with the program director as its chair. The Chemical Physics Program Office 
administers the program and is affiliated with the Institute for Physical Science and 
Technology. A booklet describing Chemical Physics at Maryland (College Park) can be 
obtained from the Chemical Physics office upon request. 



Chemical Physics Program (CHPH) 1 1 7 



Faculty research covers a diversity of disciplines such as atmospheric chemistry, 
biophysics, fluctuation phenomena, intermolecular energy transfer, laser spectroscopy, 
molecular dynamics, optical physics, particle scattering, phase transitions, properties of fluids, 
statistical mechanics, surface science, and thermodynamic cycles. Access to national research 
laboratories in the Washington metropolitan area is made possible through joint research 
programs between these laboratories and the Chemical Physics faculty. Cooperative graduate 
programs have been established between these laboratories and Biophysics. jointK sponsored 
by the University of Maryland and the National Institute of Health, and Atomic. Molecular and 
Optical Science, jointly sponsored by the University of Maryland and the National Institute of 
Standards and Technology. 

Admission Information 

The program is designed to be suitable for students with undergraduate degrees in chemistry 
or physics or in related disciplines with strong chemistry and/or physics content. 

Master's Degree Requirements 

Admission to the program is generally limited to students expecting to pursue a Ph.D. 
degree. The M.S. degree can be earned as a non-thesis degree while working towards the Ph.D. 
degree. In order to earn a master's degree in Chemical Physics with a non-thesis option, a 
student must complete 30 credit hours, including Chemistry 684 or ENCH 610. Chemistry 

687, Chemistry 691, Physics 604. Physics 622. Physics 623. and a graduate laboratory 1 . The 
student must also complete at least one credit of statistical physics seminar and one of 
chemical physics/physical chemistry seminar. The Ph.D. qualifying examination must be 
passed at the Master's Degree level, and a scholarly paper submitted and approved by the 
student's faculty advisor and one other reader appointed by the Director of the Chemical 
Physics Program. 

Doctoral Degree Requirements 

The Ph.D. program requires: (1) a written qualifying examination, normally taken at the 
beginning of the second year; (2) attendance at 80% of the weekly seminars in statistical 
physics and chemical physics/physical chemistry: (3) a graduate laboratory: (4) one of four 
advanced courses (PHYS 606. PHYS 704, PHYS 798-A or CHPH 61 1 ): (5) a short scholarly 
report in the area of intended thesis research; and (6) a dissertation. Students must also satisfy 
all general requirements of the Graduate School. 

Facilities and Special Resources 

The Program has a fully equipped student shop and extensive modern computing facilities. 
In addition, there is a wide array of state-of-the-art equipment associated with the various 
research groups in the Program including a scanning tunneling microscope, high resolution 



1 Courses considered acceptable for this requirement include: CHEM 498 A, CHEM 625. 
ENME 703. METO 634, PHYS 485. and PHYS 621. 



1 1 8 Chemistry Program (CHEM) 



spectrographs, ultra-short high power lasers, an e-2e electron scattering apparatus and a fully 
equipped light-scattering laboratory. 

Financial Assistance 

Teaching and research assistantships are available for qualified students, as well as general 
University fellowships in Biophysics and Atomic, Molecular and Optical Science. 

Additional Information 

Requests for further information concerning the Chemical Physics Program can be obtained 
by writing to: 

Professor Ellen D. Williams, Director 
Chemical Physics Program (I.P.S.T.) 
I.P.S.T. Building, Rm. 1115 
University of Maryland 
College Park, MD 20742-2431 
(301)405-4780 

For courses, see code CHPH. 



Chemistry Program (CHEM) 

Chair: Jarvis 

Professors: Alexander, Ammon, Armstrong, Bellama, Dunaway-Mariano, Freeman, Gerlt, 

Greer, Grim, Hansen, Helz, Huheey, Jarvis, Khanna, Mariano, Mazzocchi, Mignerey, G. 

Miller, Moore, Munn, O'Haver, Ponnamperuma, Stewart, Tossell, Walters, Weeks, Weiner, 

Thirumalai 

Professors Emeriti: Castellan, Henery-Logan, Holmlund, Keeney, McNesby, Rollinson, 

Stuntz, Vanderslice 

Associate Professors: Boyd, DeVoe, Herndon, Murphy, Ondov, Sampugna, Julin, Poli 

Assistant Professors: Davis, Eichhorn, Falvey, Forbes, Pilato, C. Miller, Reutt-Robey, 

Woodson 

The Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry offers graduate study leading to the Master 
of Science or the Doctor of Philosophy degrees with specialization in the fields of analytical 
chemistry, biochemistry, bioorganic chemistry, bioinorganic chemistry, chemical physics (in 
cooperation with the Institute of Physical Sciences & Technology and the Department of 
Physics), environmental chemistry, inorganic chemistry, nuclear chemistry, organic chemistry 
and physical chemistry. The graduate program in biochemistry is described separately in this 
catalog. 

Admission Information 

Admission to graduate study at the University of Maryland normally requires a minimum 
of a Bachelor of Science (B.S.), Bachelor of Arts (B. A.), or equivalent degree with a minimum 
of 30 semester or 40 quarter hours of chemistry, an overall grade point average greater than 



Chemistry Program (CHEM) 1 1 9 



3.0 (on a scale where the average grade is 2.0), and 3 letters of reference indicating a potential 
for independent, creative scientific research. The study program in chemistry should have 
included at least 1 year of physical chemistry, 1 year of organic chemistry and I semester ol 

inorganic chemistry, as well as laboratory courses in organic chemistry, physical chemistry 
and analytical chemistry. 

The general Graduate Record Examination (GRE) scores are required of all applicants. 
Applicants from non-English speaking countries must also present the results of the Test ol 
English as a Foreign Language (TOEFL). 

The above requirements represent minimum requirements and the competition for available- 
space may limit admissions to persons with credentials above these minimum requirements. 

Master's Degree Requirements 

The M.S. degree program offers both the thesis and non-thesis option. Copies of regulations 
concerning diagnostic examinations, comprehensive examinations and other matters 
pertaining to course work are available from the Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry. 

Doctoral Degree Requirements 

Twenty-one course credit hours, with twelve credits of research, a seminar presentation, and 
a dissertation defense are required for the doctoral degree. 

Facilities and Special Resources 

The Department has many special research facilities to support research in the Fields listed 
above. Facilities include "clean" rooms for lunar and environmental sample analysis, X-ray 
crystallographic instrumentation, two mass spectrometers, eight NMR spectrometers 
including 60, 90, 200, 400 and 500 MHz Fourier-transform NMR spectrometers, ESCA 
spectrometers, ultracentrifuges, analytical optical spectrometers, a VAX network and a state- 
of-the-arts computer graphics facility. 

Departmental research is supported by an IBM 9021 in the Computer Science Building, 
accessible by remote time-sharing terminals. The Department has an excellent glassblowing 
shop, a student-faculty machine shop and access to other campus machine shops. The 
Chemistry Library has an extensive collection in chemistry, biochemistry and other fields. A 
computer terminal is located in the Chemistry Library for literature searching. A Macintosh 
workstation facility (25 units) is available in the Department for student/faculty use. 

Financial Assistance 

Entering graduate students are normally supported on graduate teaching assistantships. 
Teaching assistants usually instruct undergraduate laboratory and recitation classes and 
receive in return a tuition waiver of ten credits each semester. 



1 20 Civil Engineering Program (ENCE) 



Additional Information 

A Department brochure describes the graduate program and the research interests of the 
faculty. For a copy of the brochure, or for specific information on graduate programs in 
chemistry, admissions procedures or financial aid, contact: 

Director of Graduate Studies 

Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry 

University of Maryland 

College Park, MD 20742 

(301)405-1796 

For courses, see CHEM. 



Civil Engineering Program (ENCE) 

Chair: Colville 

Professors: Aggour. Albrecht. Amde, Ayyub, Birkner, Carter, Colville. Donaldson, 

Maloney, McCuen, Ragan, Schelling, Schonfeld, Sternberg, Vannoy, Witczak 

Associate Professors: Austin, P. Chang, G. Chang, Goodings, Hao, Schwartz 

Assistant Professors: Davis, Flood, Haghani, Johnson, Kartam, Torreuts 

The Department of Civil Engineering offers graduate courses leading to the Master of 
Science and Doctor of Philosophy degrees. All programs are planned on an individual basis 
by the student and an adviser taking into consideration the student's background and special 
interests. Areas of concentration at both the master's and doctoral levels include: 
transportation and urban systems, environmental engineering and water resources 
engineering, structural engineering, geotechnical engineering, and construction engineering 
and management. 

Admission Information 

Applicants for admission should hold a B.S. degree in civil engineering. However, 
applicants with undergraduate degrees in other disciplines may be accepted with the 
stipulation that deficiencies in prerequisite undergraduate coursework be corrected before 
enrolling in graduate courses. In addition to the requirements set forth by the Graduate School, 
applicants are also required to submit results from the Graduate Record Examination. There 
are no entrance examinations required for the program. 

Master's Degree Requirements 

The M.S. degree program offers both a thesis and non-thesis option. In addition to an M.S. 
degree, the department also offers a Master of Engineering (M.E.) degree. The Department's 
policies and requirements are the same as those of the Graduate School. 



Classics Program (CLAS) 1 21 



Doctoral Degree Requirements 

The requirements for the Ph.D. degree are also the same as those of the Graduate School. 
The student will work closely with an adviser to develop an approved program of study suited 
to his or her individual needs. Before admission to candidacy, the student must pass a 
qualifying examination, which is normally taken after the coursework is at least 15 percent 
completed. There is no language requirement for the Ph.D. 

Facilities and Special Resources 

Departmental research facilities include laboratories in the following areas: transportation, 
systems analysis, environmental engineering, hydraulics, remote sensing, structures and soil 
mechanics. Computer facilities include the Computer Science Center's Unisys 1 100/92 and 
IBM 3081 computers complemented by remote terminals and mini- and micro-computer 
systems located within the department. 

The Washington and Baltimore metropolitan areas are easily accessible for data, field 
studies, library access, contacts with national organizations and attendance at national 
meetings. The location of the University of Maryland offers a unique opportunity to obtain an 
advanced degree in civil engineering. 

Financial Assistance 

Research assistantships are available from individual faculty members. Only a limited 
number of teaching assistantships are available. Part-time work as grading assistants is 
available as well. 

Additional Information 

Chair 

Department of Civil Engineering 

Engineering Classroom Building 

University of Maryland 

College Park, MD 20742 

(301)405-1980 

For courses, see code ENCE. 



Classics Program (CLAS) 

Chair: Duffy 

Professors: Duffy, Hallett, Lesher 
Associate Professors: Doherty, Lee, Staley 
Assistant Professors: Stehle 

The Department of Classics offers a graduate program of study with specializations in Latin 
or Latin and Greek, leading to the Master of Arts degree. The program provides students with 
advanced study of the Latin and/or Greek languages and literatures in the context of a broader 



1 22 Classics Program (CLAS) 



and deeper knowledge and understanding of Greek and Roman culture and civilization. In 
addition to advanced courses in language, each student will be required to take coursework in 
related disciplines outside of the Classics Department. Some individual programs may require 
more than 30 hours. Students may choose one of two tracks toward the degree: Latin or Latin 
and Greek. 

Admission Information 

In addition to the general requirements for admission established by the Graduate School (a 
minimum GPA of 3.0, etc.), applicants must demonstrate a proficiency in translating the 
ancient language(s) at the advanced undergraduate level. 

Master's Degree Requirements 

The Latin program requires a minimum of 30 hours of approved coursework, including six 
credits of thesis research. Twelve of these credits must come from at least 600-level Latin 
courses; six credits must be from period courses LATN 620-630. Two 600-level or higher 
Latin courses may be substituted for the thesis with permission. An independent research 
project may also be an acceptable alternative for the thesis. Six of the 30 hours at the 400-level 
or above must be in courses on aspects of classical civilization offered in archaeology, art. 
history, linguistics, philosophy, romance philology or in approved allied fields. 

The Latin and Greek Program requires a minimum of 33 hours of approved coursework, 
including six credit hours of thesis research. Nine hours of coursework in one language and 
three in the other must be at the 600-level or higher. Two courses in the languages at the 600- 
level or higher may be substituted for the thesis with permission. An independent research 
project may also be an acceptable alternative for the thesis. Six of the 33 hours at the 400-level 
or above must be in courses on aspects of classical civilization through courses offered in 
archaeology, art, history, linguistics, philosophy, romance philology or in approved allied 
fields. 

Facilities and Special Resources 

The Baltimore- Washington, D.C., area boasts of several outstanding classical libraries. 
Located in Washington, D.C., are the Center for Hellenic Studies, the Byzantine Library of 
Dumbarton Oaks, and the Library of Congress. Students may also use the Eisenhower Library 
on the campus of the Johns Hopkins University in Baltimore. 

Financial Assistance 

Fellowships are available for outstanding applicants through university-wide competition. 
Teaching assistantships may be available; please consult the Department. 



Comparative Literature Program (CMLT) 1 23 



Additional Information 

For more specific information on the program, please call or write: 



Department of Classics 
2407 Marie Mount Hall 
University of Maryland 
College Park. MD 20742 

(301)405-2013 

For courses, see codes CLAS. GREK. and LATN. 



Comparative Literature Program (CMLT) 

Director: Lanser 

Professors: Berlin. Cond). Fuegi, Lanser. Lifton 

Associate Professors: Hage. Marchetti. Peterson. Rabasa 

Instructors: Gilcher. Robinson 

Affiliate Professors: Agar. Alford. Auchard. Beck. R. Brown. Caughey. Chambers. Coogan. 

Cross, Diner, Fink. Gillespie. Hallett. Handelman. Herndon. Holton. Kauffman. Pearson. 

Robertson. Trousdale 

Affiliate Associate Professors: Barry. Bedos-Rezak. Bilik. Bolles. Brami. J. Brown. 

Caramello, Cate. Doherty, Donawerth, Fahnestock, Falvo, Flieger. Grossman, Igel, Kelly, 

Kerkham. King. Kuo. Leinwand, Leonardi, Mintz. Mossman, Norman. Phaf. Sargent, Smith, 

Strauch, Zilft 

Affiliate Assistant Professors: Butler. Cohen. Coustaut. Greene-Gantzberg. Ray. 

Richardson, Richter. Sherman, Upton. Wang. Yee 

The Comparative Literature Program offers graduate study in literature, culture, and visual 
media leading to the Master of Arts and Doctor of Philosophy degrees. A diverse core and 
affiliate faculty provides a wide-ranging curriculum that recognizes an expanded definition of 
comparative literature, extending the concept of "text" beyond literary genres to include film 
and television, social discourses and practices, and other forms of cultural expression. The 
Program is committed to studying texts within a cross-cultural framework, recognizing ethnic, 
racial, sexual, and linguistic diversity both across and within national boundaries. 

Students in Comparative Literature work with advisors to design individual programs that 
include core courses in comparative studies and also draw on the resources of such academic 
departments as American Studies, Anthropology. Art History. Classics, English. French and 
Italian. Germanic and Slavic. Hebrew and East Asian, History, Music. Philosophy. Spanish 
and Portuguese. Sociology. Theatre, and Women's Studies. The strengths of the faculty foster 
concentrations in a spectrum of fields that includes film and media, critical and cultural theory, 
postcolonialism, Caribbean studies, the novel, period-based studies from the Renaissance to 
the postmodern, and studies in gender and sexuality. 



1 24 Comparative Literature Program (CMLT) 



Admission Information 

Applicants should have a strong background in arts and humanities. Students will not be 
admitted to the program without proficiency in English and at least one other language. Each 
student must submit a critical writing sample (in English), three letters of recommendation, 
evidence of language proficiency, and GRE scores. International applicants must also submit 
TOEFL scores. 

Master's Degree Requirements 

A total of 30 course credits is required. These comprise 24 credits of course work (8 courses) 
and 6 credits of thesis research. Among the eight courses needed for the M. A. degree are two 
required courses: CMLT 600, Introduction to Critical Theory, and CMLT 601, Problems in 
Comparative Studies. Of the remaining six courses, at least three must constitute a 
concentration (i.e., a medium or genre, a form of cultural expression, a period or movement, 
a topic, a discursive field) that is demonstrably cross-cultural or interdisciplinary. The M.A. 
course of studies must include at least one course focused on literature and at least one course 
focused on a non-print medium such as film; this requirement may be fulfilled concurrently 
with other requirements. Each M.A. student will be expected to write a substantial thesis and 
defend it orally. 

Doctoral Degree Requirements 

The Ph.D. degree normally entails at least 39 credits of course work (including M.A. 
courses) and 12 credits of dissertation research. Course work toward the Ph.D. includes three 
courses (9 credits) in theory, including CMLT 600 and CMLT 601 or their equivalents; two 
cross-cultural and/or interdisciplinary fields of concentration, each consisting of at least three 
courses (18 credits); and 12 additional credits in a professional field commensurate with a 
recognized academic discipline (e.g., French, Theatre, Women's Studies). Ph.D. students must 
also have fulfilled the M.A. requirement of at least one course in literature and one course in 
a non-print medium. Comprehensive examinations will be taken in four areas: critical theory, 
the two areas of concentration, and the professional field. 

Facilities and Special Resources 

The Comparative Literature Program combines the benefits of a small department with the 
opportunities available at a large research university located in suburban Washington, D.C. 
Students have access to such University resources as the Center for Renaissance and Baroque 
Studies, the rare books and special collections of McKeldin Library, the Program for Africa 
and Africa in the Americas, and the Women's Studies Graduate Certificate program. Area 
resources include the extensive archival collections of the Library of Congress, the U.S. 
Archives, and the Folger Institute, as well as museums, galleries, embassies and cultural 
institutions in the Washington area and in the Baltimore-Philadelphia-New York corridor. 

Financial Assistance 

Comparative Literature students are eligible for graduate assistantships and university 
fellowships. Depending on available resources and the student's own expertise, teaching and 



Computer Science Program (CMSC) 1 25 



research assistantships may be available either in Comparative Literature or in an affiliated 
department. 

Additional Information 

For more specific information about the program, contact: 

Comparative Literature Program 

2107 South Campus Surge Building 

University of Maryland 

College Park, MD 20742 

(301)405-2853 

email: rp21@umail.umd.edu 

For courses, see code CMLT. 



Computer Science Program (CMSC) 

Chair: Tripathi 

Professors: Agrawala. Basili, Davis, Gannon, Kanal, Miller, Minker, Nau, O'Leary, 

Rosenfeld, Reggia, Roussopoulos, Samet, Shneiderman, Stewart, Tripathi, Zelkowitz 

Professors Emeriti: Atchison, Chu, Edmundson 

Associate Professors: Aloimonos, Austing, Elman, Faloutsos, Gasarch, Hendler, Kruskal, 

Mount, Nau, Perlis, Purtilo, Saltz, Shankar, Smith 

Assistant Professors: Aloimonos, Anderson, Dorr, Franklin, Gerber, Hollings worth, 

Kelleher. Khuller, Porter, Pugh, Salem, Subrahmanian 

Affiliate Professors: Ja'Ja', Vishkin 

Affiliate Associate Professors: Larsen, Ricart, Raschid, Weinberg 

The Department of Computer Science offers research oriented graduate programs leading 
to the degrees of Master of Science and Doctor of Philosophy with research emphasis in the 
following areas: artificial intelligence, data bases, computer vision and computational 
geometry, numerical analysis, programming languages, software engineering, computer 
systems, and theory of computing. 

Admission Information 

Admission and degree requirements specific to the graduate programs in computer science 
are described in a brochure available through the Departmental graduate office. A strong 
background in mathematical and theoretical computer science is necessary. Both general and 
advanced Graduate Record Examinations (GRE's) are required. 

Master's Degree Requirements 

The master's program offers two options: 1) 24 hours of coursework and the completion of 
a thesis, or 2) 30 hours of course work, a comprehensive examination, plus the completion of 
a scholarly paper. 



1 26 Computer Science Program (CMSC) 



Doctoral Degree Requirements 

The program milestones include a qualifying sequence of courses, a preliminary oral 
examination on the dissertation proposal and reading list in three related areas, and the 
dissertation defense. The number and variety of courses offered each semester enable students 
and their advisors to plan individualized programs. 

Facilities and Special Resources 

The Department is located in the A.V. Williams Building, a state-of-the-art research facility. 
The Department's research laboratories contain more than 180 SUN and DEC workstations 
networked together running UNIX. Workstations from several other manufacturers are also 
available. The University also has extensive computer facilities. 

The Department has direct INTERNET access (address: <name>@cs. umd.edu). BITNET 
access is available through campus INTERNET/BITNET gateways. 

The Department maintains close ties with the two campus research units: the Center for 
Automation Research (CfAR) and University of Maryland Institute for Advanced Computer 
Studies (UMIACS). Many students and faculty in the Department have access to CfAR and 
UMIACS facilities and equipment. CfAR and UMIACS both have extensive computer 
capability. UMIACS has CM2 and CM5 Connection Machines. The Department also has 
close ties to the Center for Excellence in Space Data and Information Sciences (CESDIS) at 
NASA Goddard Space Flight Center in Greenbelt, MD, and research facilities there are 
available for collaborative projects. 

Financial Assistance 

Graduate assistantships in both the educational and research programs are offered to 
qualified applicants based on academic performance. CfAR. UMIACS, CESDIS, and the 
Systems Research Center (SRC) offer a number of assistantships. Graduate School 
fellowships, including minority fellowships, are also available. 

Additional Information 

For information on degree programs and graduate assistantships contact: 

Graduate Office 

Department of Computer Science 

1 1 19 A.V. Williams Building 

University of Maryland 

College Park, MD 20742 

(301)405-2664 

For courses, see code CMSC. 



Counseling and Personnel Services Program (EDCP) 1 27 



Counseling and Personnel Services Program (EDCP) 

Chair: Rosenfield 

Professors: Birk. Hershenson. Marx, Power, Rosenfield, Schlossberg, Sedlacek 

Professors Emeriti: Burns, Magoon, Pumroy 

Associate Professors: Boyd 1 , Greenberg, Hoffman, Komives, Lawrence, McEwen, Strcin, 

Teglasi 

Assistant Professors: Fassinger, Kandell 1 , Lucas 1 , Phillips 1 , Rogers, 

Affiliate Professors: Bagwell, Clement, Freeman, Gast, Hrutka, Jacoby, Kreiser, Medvene, 

Mielke, Osteen, Otani, Scales, Schmidt, Stewart, Stimpson, Thomas, Westbrook 

'Joint appointment with the Counseling Center 

The Department of Counseling and Personnel Services offers graduate programs designed 
to provide the knowledge and skills needed for practice and scholarship in counseling and 
related human service professions. These fields are concerned with assisting people 
individually, in groups and in organizations to attain their optimal level of personal, social, 
educational and career functioning. Graduates are employed in a variety of settings including 
schools, colleges and universities, mental health agencies, rehabilitation agencies, correctional 
facilities, business and industry, government agencies, other community service facilities and 
private practices. These professionals may serve any of several roles either at the practitioner's 
level or at an advanced level as supervisors, researchers, educators or program administrators. 

Master's level professional entry-level programs are offered in five areas of specialization: 

1) The School Counseling program prepares students to become school counselors in 
elementary, middle and high school settings. School counselors provide individual and group 
counseling to school-aged children, coordinate pupil services in schools and function as 
consultants to classroom teachers, school administrators and parents. 2) The School 
Psychology program prepares students for certification as school psychologists, who assess 
factors that affect pupils' functioning and work together with other school staff to develop 
intervention strategies to enhance the learning and behavioral adjustment of pupils. 3) The 
College Student Personnel program prepares specialists for service in higher education 
settings as counselors and as administrators of student affairs services. 4) The Community/ 
Career Counseling program prepares counselors who specialize in assisting persons to 
develop and implement their occupational and related life roles. 5) The Rehabilitation 
Counseling program prepares counselors to work with persons who have mental, emotional, 
social or physical handicaps. 

The Ph.D. degree in Counseling and Personnel Services is offered in four areas of 
specialization: 1 ) Counseling Psychology (in collaboration with the Psychology Department), 

2) School Psychology, 3) College Student Personnel Administration, and 4) Counselor 
Education. Doctoral studies prepare students to achieve exceptional competence in the theory 
and practice of their field; to develop a high level of skills as researchers, educators and 
administrators; and to assume positions of leadership in various relevant settings. Students in 
the specialization of Counseling Psychology are educated to work as counseling psychologists 
and supervisors in such settings as college and university counseling centers, community 
mental health agencies and academic departments. Doctoral-level school psychologists serve 
as advanced level practitioners, supervisors, administrators, researchers and school 
psychology faculty. Students in College Student Personnel Administration are prepared to 



1 28 Counseling and Personnel Services Program (EDCP) 



assume leadership positions as administrators of college or university student personnel 
services or as faculty and researchers of college student personnel work. Doctoral students in 
Counselor Education are prepared to assume roles as educators, supervisors, or researchers in 
school counseling, rehabilitation counseling, community counseling or counseling education 
programs. 

Program accreditation within CAPS include: The School Psychology and Counseling 
Psychology doctoral programs, which are accredited by the American Psychological 
Association. The Rehabilitation Counseling Masters (M.A. or M.Ed.) Program is accredited 
by the Council on Rehabilitation Education. The M.A./A.G.S. Program in School Psychology 
and the Master's (M.A. or M.Ed.) Program in School Counseling are approved for 
certification by the Maryland State Department of Education and are accredited by the 
National Council for Accreditation of Teacher Education. The Masters (M.A. or M. Ed.) 
Program in Community Counseling and the Ph.D. Program in Counselor Education are 
accredited by the Council for Accreditation of Counseling and Related Educational Programs 
(CACREP). 

Admission Information 

Applicants for regular admission to master's degree programs must have an undergraduate 
GPA of B (3.0 on a 4.0 scale) and must submit their scores on the Miller Analogies Test or 
Graduate Record Examination (required for School Psychology M.A./A.G.S. program). The 
undergraduate program must include at least 15 semester hours of course work in behavioral 
science fields (anthropology, education, psychology, sociology and/or statistics). 

Applicants for admission to A.G.S. and Ph.D. programs in Counselor Education and 
College Student Personnel must have a master's degree in counseling or a closely related field. 
A grade point average of 3.5 in prior graduate work is required with an acceptable score on the 
Miller Analogies Test or the Graduate Record Examination (for Counseling Psychology and 
School Psychology). Selective screening of qualified applicants is necessary in order to limit 
enrollment to the Department's available faculty resources. 

Master's Degree Requirements 

Professional entry-level programs of two types are offered, depending on the area of 
specialization: 1) a master's degree program (M.A., thesis required; M.A. non-thesis with 
Master's paper required; or M.Ed., thesis not required), or 2) an integrated Master's/Advanced 
Graduate Specialist (M.A./A.G.S.) program. The applicant should contact the Department for 
further information concerning the entry-level requirements and curriculum of each area of 
specialization. 

The A.G.S. certificate is offered in some of the Department's areas of specialization. For 
individuals who hold a master's degree in counseling or a closely related field, this certificate 
program may serve: 1) to provide the additional education required for professional 
certification or licensure in those specialty areas that require a program of two year's length, 
and/or 2) to provide the academic background for an advanced level of professional practice 
within a specialty area. 



Counseling and Personnel Services Program (EDCP) 1 29 



Doctoral Degree Requirements 

Ph.D. students are expected to attain advanced skills as both practitioners and researchers in 
their area of specialization. All doctoral students are required to take advanced courses in 
statistics and research design. Because of the highly specialized nature of each of the doctoral 
programs, applicants should contact the Department for the program brochures describing the 
program of interest. The brochure describes specific course and fieldwork requirements, the 
nature of the examination required for completion of the program, and the dissertation 
requirements. 

Facilities and Special Resources 

All master's, A.G.S., and doctoral students are required to include supervised fieldwork 
experiences in their degree programs. The Department has excellent cooperative relationships 
with the Division of Student Affairs (including such offices as the Counseling Center, 
Orientation, Campus Activities, the Student Union, Resident Life and Commuter Affairs), 
with units in Academic Affairs (such as Advising, Career Development, Admissions and 
Experiential Learning) and with units in University College. Fieldwork may also be done at a 
wide variety of school systems, colleges and universities, counseling services and mental 
health agencies in the Maryland/District of Columbia area and nationally. 

In addition to campus and Department resources, students also utilize the many major 
research and professional institutions that are easily accessible to the campus. These include 
the Library of Congress, the National Library of Medicine, the National Institutes of Health 
and of Education, the American Psychological Association and the American Counseling 
Association. 

Financial Assistance 

The Department offers several graduate assistantships, and paid experiences have been 
arranged for some students in the Department with a variety of on-campus and off-campus 
agencies. 

Additional Information 

Individual brochures describing the curriculum of each professional entry-level and 
doctoral specialization are available upon request. Please be sure to indicate which program 
brochure(s) you wish to receive. Contact: 

Chair 

Counseling and Personnel Services Program 

3218 Benjamin Building 

University of Maryland 

College Park, MD 20742 

(301)405-2858 

For courses, see code EDCP. 



1 30 Criminal Justice and Criminology Program (CRIM) 



Criminal Justice and Criminology Program (CRIM) 

Director: Wellford 

Professors: Loftin, McDowall, Paternoster, Reuter, Sherman, Smith. Wellford 

Professor Emeritus: Lejins 

Associate Professors: Gottfredson, Simpson 

Assistant Professor: Russell 

Research Scholar: MacKenzie 

The program of graduate study leading to Master of Arts and Doctor of Philosophy degrees 
in the area of Criminal Justice and Criminology is intended to prepare students for research, 
teaching, and professional employment in the operational agencies of the criminal justice 
field. This program combines an intensive background in a social science discipline such as 
criminology, criminal justice, sociology, psychology and public administration with graduate- 
level study of selected aspects of the criminal justice field. 

In addition, the Institute participates in two programs with other departments in the 
University. With the Department of Counseling and Personnel Services, the Institute offers a 
master's program in crime and delinquency counseling. This thirty-six credit program 
combines counseling and criminal justice and criminology courses with a supervised 
practicum. The Institute offers a joint J.D./M.A. degree with the School of Law of the 
University of Maryland, located in Baltimore. 

A recent study of Institute M.A. and Ph.D. alumni reveals that master's degree graduates 
have found employment in both public and private institutions in virtually every kind of 
activity associated with the criminal justice system: research; teaching; federal, state and local 
law enforcement; courts; corrections; private security; and funded programs. Ph.D. graduates 
have found employment mostly in teaching, research, and government agency administration. 

Admission Information 

In addition to the general Graduate School rules, special admission requirements include the 
Graduate Record Examination, a major in a social science discipline and nine hours of 
coursework in appropriate areas of criminal justice. 

Master's Degree Requirements 

For the M.A. applicant, the undergraduate social science major must have included at least 
one course each in theory, statistics and research methods. M.A. students may choose either a 
criminology or a criminal justice option. The general plan of study for both options is as 
follows: 30 semester hours of courses consisting of: 1") at least six courses in criminology and 
criminal justice, four of which are required courses that must be passed with a "B" or better; 
2) a graduate level course in statistics, the course to be selected from an approved list; 3) six 
hours of either thesis credit or additional coursework depending on the option selected by the 
student; and 4) one elective course. The M.A. degree offers both a thesis option and a non- 
thesis option with some additional requirements. 



Criminal Justice and Criminology Program (CRIM) 131 



Doctoral Degree Requirements 

The Ph.D. applicant must have completed two courses each in statistics, research methods 
and theory; one course in each area must be at the master's level. Admission to the Ph.D. 
program presupposes completion of the M.A. degree. At the discretion ol the Institute's 
Graduate Admissions Committee, deficiencies in some of the above areas may be made up by 
noneredit work at the beginning of the program. 

In addition to the general Graduate School requirements, competence in research 
methodology and in quantitative techniques is expected for the completion of the Ph.D. 
degree, as well as competence in theory, the criminal justice field, and in a specialization area 
selected by the student. The necessary coursework is determined on the basis of the student's 
previous preparation, needs and interests. The candidate is also required to pass 
comprehensive examinations. 

Facilities and Special Resources 

The Institute houses the Maryland Justice Analysis Center, the Violence Research Group, 
and the Criminology Editor for the Journal of Criminal Law and Criminology. In addition, 
faculty maintain ongoing, funded research programs. These resources provide numerous 
opportunities for students to engage in policy development, research, and professional 
activities. 

Financial Assistance 

Graduate teaching assistantships are available on a competitive basis. Graduate research 
assistantships are also available for graduate students to participate in research projects 
directed by faculty members and funded by outside sources. 

Additional Information 

A brochure describing the Institute of Criminal Justice and Criminology and its programs is 
available upon request. Inquiries should be directed to: 

Graduate Program Coordinator 
Institute of Criminal Justice 
University of Maryland 
College Park, MD 20742 
(301)405-4699 

For courses, see code CCJS. 



1 32 Curriculum and Instruction Program (EDCI) 



Curriculum and Instruction Program (EDCI) 

Chair: Howe 

Professors: Davey, Dreher. Fein, Fey 3 , Folstrom 1 , Gambrell, Holliday. Howe, Jantz, 

Johnson. Layman 4 , Roderick. Saracho, Weible 

Professors Emeriti: E.G. Campbell, G. Eley, J.D. Lockard. R.G. Risinger. V.P. Weaver. R. 

Wilson 

Associate Professors: Afflerbach, Amershek, Beatty, P. Campbell. Cirrincione 2 , Craig. 

Davidson, DeLorenzo, Graeber, Heidelbach, Klein, McCaleb 5 , McWhinnie 6 , Slater, Stough, 

Sullivan, Valli 

Assistant Professors: Carey, Gentzler, Grant, McAlister, McGinnis. O'Flahavan, 

VanSledright, Wong 

'Joint appointment with Music 

2 Joint appointment with Geography 

Uoint appointment with Mathematics 

4 Joint appointment with Physics 

Moint appointment with Speech Communication 

6 Joint appointment with Housing and Applied Design 

The Department offers graduate study leading to the following degrees and certificates: 
Master of Arts (thesis and non-thesis). Master of Education, Advanced Graduate Specialist, 
Doctor of Education, and Doctor of Philosophy. The Department offers a variety of programs 
individually designed to meet the graduate students' personal and professional goals, which 
may include educational research, teaching, supervising, providing leadership as curriculum 
specialists within the disciplines, teacher education or consulting at all levels of instruction: 
early childhood, elementary, secondary and higher education. Part-time graduate work is 
possible since courses are taught in the late afternoon and evenings. 

Areas of concentration include art education, early childhood education (birth to eight years 
of age), elementary education, history/social studies education, English education, foreign 
language education, teaching English as a second language, speech and theater education, 
mathematics education, music education, professional development, reading education, and 
science education. 

Admission Information 

Applicants must have a 3.0 undergraduate grade point average and an acceptable score on 
either the Miller Analogies Test or the Graduate Record Examination. Also required are letters 
of recommendation from three persons competent to judge the applicant's probable success in 
graduate school. Most programs require teacher certification. Many require teaching 
experience. In addition, admission to an A.G.S. or doctoral program requires a 3.5 grade point 
average in previous graduate study as well as either a 3.0 undergraduate grade point average 
or at least a 40th percentile on the Miller Analogies Test or Graduate Record Examination. 



Curriculum and Instruction Program (EDCI) 1 33 



Master's Degree Requirements 

Most Master's graduate programs in the Department require appropriate teacher 
certification for admission. Exceptions are made for applicants to Early Childhood, Master's 
with certification, and TESOL programs: and those applicants who are community college 
teachers. Master's degree requirements vary according to the area of concentration and the 
type of degree. Typically, programs require 30 to 36 semester hours, a six-hour comprehensive 
examination, and two seminar papers. 

Doctoral Degree Requirements 

The doctorate requires a planned sequence of approximately 60 semester hours beyond the 
master's degree. Doctoral students are required to take a preliminary examination after 
approximately 12 semester hours of work and a comprehensive examination near the 
completion of the program. An oral examination in defense of the dissertation is required, as 
well as a publishable paper based on the dissertation. 

Facilities and Special Resources 

Facilities that support graduate study include the Center for Mathematics Education, the 
Reading Center, and the Science Teaching Center. Additional facilities in the College of 
Education include the Educational Technology Center, the Curriculum Laboratory. Teacher 
Education Centers in local schools, and the Center for Young Children. 

Financial Assistance 

Teaching assistantships and a smaller number of research assistantships are available for 
outstanding students who are enrolled full-time. For best consideration apply early. 

Additional Information 

For more specific information, contact: 

Chair 

Department of Curriculum and Instruction 

2311 Benjamin Building 

University of Maryland 

College Park, MD 20742-1 175 

(301)405-3324 

For courses, see code EDCI. 



1 34 Dance Program (DANC) 



Dance Program (DANC) 

Chair: Wiltz 

Professors: Rosen. A. Warren. L. Warren. Wiltz 

Professor Emeritus: Madden 

Associate Professor: Dunn 

Assistant Professor: Frosch-Schroder 

Lecturer: Jackson 

The Department of Dance offers a Master of Fine Arts degree in Dance with concentrations 
in either performance or choreography. It is designed to give outstanding students advanced 
training and opportunities for creative growth. The program will prepare the student for the 
professional world as a dancer, choreographer or teacher on the college level. 

The competencies that students learn during the program will allow them to teach a broad 
range of dance and dance-related subjects after they graduate. They should be able to present 
and produce dance in a number of contexts and modalities both on the campus and in the 
community. The program is designed to broaden all aspects of the artist's understanding of 
dance. Important emphasis will be given to dance history and philosophy and the study of 
current issues in the field. We wish our graduates to exhibit a high degree of insight into the 
cultural contexts in which dance has developed in the past and continues to develop today. 

Students in both the performance and choreography emphases will be expected to spend a 
significant amount of time learning about stage lighting, costuming and sound, as well as 
promotion and house management and the myriad of other organizational details that go into 
producing a dance performance. They will be actively involved in the practical application of 
this knowledge as part of their training. Graduates who understand every aspect of the theater 
needed to successfully present a dance performance will find themselves more highly 
employable both in the performance and educational fields of the profession. 

Admission Information 

Applicants should have a strong undergraduate preparation in technique and dance 
composition. They should have completed the following undergraduate courses or their 
equivalent: improvisation, kinesiology, dance teaching methods, dance production, and two 
semesters of dance history or one semester of history and one of dance philosophy, ethnology 
or aesthetics. Undergraduate deficiencies will be considered on an individual basis. 

Master's Degree Requirements 

Students enrolled in the program must complete a total of 60 credit hours of study to 
graduate and will be juried on a regular basis to determine their progress. Graduation from the 
program requires the successful completion of a final project demonstrating a synthesis of 
craft and artistic understanding as well as professional competence in the area of 
concentration. Final projects may follow two emphases: (1) the thesis project for the 
choreographic emphasis will consist of the public presentation of a body of dance works 
choreographed by the candidate: (2) the thesis project for the performance emphasis will 



Economics Program (ECON) 1 35 



consist of the public presentation of a bod) of dance works featuring the candidate in 
performance. 

For both emphases the total performance time is to be equivalent to a substantial dance 
concert. A written report documenting the project must be submitted, consisting of a thorough 
analysis and evaluation of the process through which the project v\as realized. 

Facilities and Resources 

The location of campus, eight miles away from Washington D.C., places the Department a 
half hour away from America's second city of dance where one may study and enjoy a wide 
variety of offerings of ballet, modern and ethnic dance. 

Financial Assistance 

A limited number of teaching assistantships that include partial or full tuition remission is 
available. All qualified applicant may be nominated for Graduate School fellowships; the 
deadline for applications is February 1 . 

Additional Information 

The Guidlines for the Graduate Program provide course requirements, examination 
procedures and descriptive materials for the M.F.A. program. For specific information, 
contact: 

Professor Alcine J. Wiltz, Chair 
Department of Dance 
University of Maryland 
College Park, MD 20742 
(301)405-3180 

For courses, see code DANC. 



Economics Program (ECON) 

Chair: Straszheim 

Professors: Abraham, Almon, Ausubel, Baily, Betancourt, Brechling, Calvo, Clague, 

Cropper, Dardis, Dorsey, Drazen, Haltiwanger, Hulten, Kelejian, Montgomery, Mueller, 

Murrell, Oates, Olson, Panagariya, Prucha, Schelling, Schwab, Straszheim 

Professors Emeriti: Bergmann, Cumberland, Harris, McGuire, O'Connell. Ulmer, 

Wonnacott 

Associate Professors: Bennett, Coughlin, Cramton, Lyon, Meyer, Wallis, Weinstein 

Assistant Professors: Anderson, Delias, Evans, Fikkert, Haliassos, Hoff, Kranton, 

Sakellaris, Sen, Swamy 

The Economics Program offers graduate study leading to both the Master of Arts and Doctor 
of Philosophy degrees. Areas of specialization include: advanced macroeconomics, advanced 
microeconomics, comparative economic systems and planning, econometrics, economic 



1 36 Economics Program (ECON) 



development, economic history, environmental and natural resource economics, industrial 
organization, institutional economics, international economics, labor economics, monetary 
economics, public choice, public finance, regional economics and urban economics. 

Admission Information 

Applicants should have taken (or should plan to take immediately) advanced undergraduate 
courses in microeconomics, macroeconomics and statistics. Applicants are also expected to 
have completed two or more semesters in calculus and additional mathematics. The Graduate 
Record Examination is required, and the Advanced Economics Test is strongly recommended. 
Letters of recommendation from three persons competent to judge the probability of the 
applicant's success in graduate school should be sent directly to the Director of Graduate 
Studies in Economics. Part-time graduate study is not encouraged. 

Master's Degree Requirements 

The M.A. degree program offers both a thesis option (24 hours plus a thesis) and a non- 
thesis option (30 hours, including Economics 621-622, a written examination in economic 
theory, and a research paper). The requirements for the M.A. non-thesis option are met 
automatically in the course of the Ph.D. program in economics. 

Doctoral Degree Requirements 

The Ph.D. program requires: (1) a written examination in economic theory, normally taken 
at the beginning of the second year of study; (2) written examinations in two selected fields; 
(3) completion of a sequence of work in econometrics; and (4) a dissertation. Additional work 
in theory, methods and fields is normally expected. In the third year, students begin directed 
research by participating in workshops appropriate to their dissertation research. 

Facilities and Special Resources 

The Department of Economics at the University of Maryland prepares graduate students for 
careers in teaching, research, and government service. The course of studies provides a solid 
foundation in economic theory, econometrics, and applied fields. 

Financial Assistance 

Research assistantships are available in special projects. Numerous teaching assistantships 
are also available. There are a limited number of fellowships available, including several for 
members of groups who are underrepresented among economists. 

Additional Information 

A complete description of the requirements of the degrees in economics and the admission 
process is available on request from: 

Director of Graduate Studies in Economics 
Department of Economics 
University of Maryland 



Education Policy, Planning, and Administration Program (EDPA) 1 37 



College Park. MD 20742 

(30D405-3544 

For courses, see code ECON. 



Education Policy, Planning, and Administration Program (EDPA) 

Acting Chair: Schmidtlein 

Professors: Berdahl, Birnbaum, Chait, Clague, Finkelstein, McLoone, Selden, Stephens 

Professors Emeriti: Anderson, Berman, Carbone, Dudley, Newell 

Associate Professors: Conley. Goldman, Herschbach, Hopkins, Huden, Hultgren, 

Schmidtlein, Splaine 

Assistant Professors: Enomoto, Heid 

Visiting Professors: Andrews, Dubel 

Visiting Assistant Professor: Collinson 

Lecturers: Hickey, McKay 

Programs of graduate study in this Department are offered in the following areas of 
specialization: school administration and supervision (M.A., M.Ed.. Ph.D., Ed.D.); 
curriculum theory and development (M.A., M.Ed., Ph.D., and Ed.D.); social foundations of 
education and education policy (M.A., Ph.D.); and higher education administration (Ph.D.). 
Ed.D. progams in school administration and supervision are offered at several off-campus 
sites as well as on the College Park campus. 

Admission Information 

Minimum requirements for admission to a master's degree program are an undergraduate 
GPA of 3.0 or better and the 40th percentile or better on the Miller Analogies Test or the 
Graduate Record Examination. Doctoral admission requirements are an undergraduate GPA 
of 3.0 or better, a graduate GPA of 3.5 or better and the 70th percentile or better on the Miller 
Analogies Test or the Graduate Record Examination. Students who do not meet one of these 
requirements, but show other evidence of outstanding potential, may be considered for 
provisional admission. School administration and supervision applicants must also participate 
in a Diagnostic and Development Center activity as part of the application process. Admission 
of qualified applicants is based on their competitive ranking to limit enrollments to available 
faculty resources. 

Master's Degree Requirements 

The minimum number of credit hours beyond the bachelor's degree required of master's 
degree students is 39 for school administration and supervision, 36 for curriculum theory and 
development, and 30 for social foundations of education. In addition to major and elective 
courses, this includes 6 to 9 credits in research methods, and an internship and/or field 
experience (except for social foundations of education). Master's students preparing a thesis 
must orally defend the thesis and take a 3 hour written comprehensive examination. Students 
under the non-thesis option must submit one to two seminar papers and write a 6 hour 
comprehensive examination. 



138 Electrical Engineering Program (ENEE) 



Doctoral Degree Requirements 

Doctoral students are required to take a minimum of 90 credits beyond the bachelor's 
degree, some of which may be satisfied by prior study. In addition to major and elective 
courses, this includes 12 to 15 credits in research methods, a practicum or internship, and 6 to 
12 credits of dissertation research. Doctoral students in higher education administration and 
curriculum theory and development write a 6 hour preliminary examination early in their 
programs. Doctoral students in school administration and supervision and in social 
foundations of education and education policy are not required to take a preliminary 
examination. After completing major coursework, a 12 hour comprehensive examination is 
required of all students. 

Facilities and Special Resources 

Faculty and students in the Department work closely with area schools, colleges, 
universities, and other education-related organizations. Extensive resources in the 
Washington, D.C. area, including embassies and other international organizations, provide 
exceptional opportunities for internships and field experiences, research opportunities, and 
materials to enhance formal course experiences. 

Associated with the Department are the Comparative Education Center, the International 
Center for the Study of Education Policy and Human Values, the Council for Curriculum 
Development and Change, the Center for Higher Education Governance and Leadership, and 
the Institute for Research in Higher and Adult Education. 

Financial Assistance 

A limited number of graduate assistantships are available and are awarded on a competitive 
basis. 

Additional Information 

To obtain a Department brochure or additional information, write or call: 

Chair, Department of Education Policy, Planning, and Administration 

2110 Benjamin Building 

University of Maryland 

College Park, MD 20742-1 165 

(301)405-3574 

For courses, see code EDPA. 



Electrical Engineering Program (ENEE) 

Chair: Destler 

Professors: Abed, Antonsen, Baras, Barbe. Blankenship, Chellappa, Dagenais, Davis, 
DeClaris, Destler, Emad, Ephremides, Farvardin, Frey, Geraniotis, Gligor, Goldhar. 
Granatstein, Harger, Ho, Ja'Ja', Krishnaprasad, Langenberg, Lee, Levine, Makowski, Marcus, 



Electrical Engineering Program (ENEE) 1 39 



Mayergoyz, Melngailis. Newcomb, Orloff, Ott, Peckerar, Rabin, Reiser, Rhee, Strilllcr. 

Taylor, Tits. Venkatesan, Vishkin, Zaki 

Professor Emeritus: Davisson, Hochuli, Ligomenides, Lin 

Associate Professors: Dayawansa, Fuja, Goldsman, Iliadis, Lawson, Milchberg, Nakajima, 

Narayan, Oruc, Papamarcou, Pugsley, Shamma, Shayman, Silio, Tretter Assistant 

Professors: Greenberg, Liu, Menezes, Milor, Yang 

The Electrical Engineering Department offers graduate study leading to the Master of 
Science and Doctor of Philosophy degrees. A diverse offering of courses, seminars, colloquia 
and thesis guidance encompasses a broad spectrum of topics. Concentration is possible in: (1 ) 
communication (random processes; detection, estimation, coding and information theories; 
digital signal processing; optical communications; communication networks; and remote 
sensing systems); (2) computers (digital system design; operating systems; parallel algorithms 
and architectures; VLSI architectures; fault tolerant computing; design automation; neural 
networks; computer networking; and computer security); (3) control (computer-aided design; 
nonlinear, sampled data and distributed parameter systems; system optimization; and optimal 
and stochastic control): (4) electrophysics (electromagnetic theory, plasmas, intense charged- 
particle beams and applications to accelerators and high-power microwave generation, 
quantum electronics, millimeter-and microwave-antenna and optical engineering, lasers, 
nonlinear optics, chemical physics and biophysics); and (5) microelectronics (circuits and 
devices; VLSI and computer-aided design; neural networks; microwave and integrated 
circuits, semiconductor materials; and technology). 

Joint programs are maintained with the mathematics, physics and computer science 
departments, the Laboratory for Plasma Research, the Systems Research Center, and the 
chemical physics, material science and transportation programs. Opportunities also exist for 
programs of study in conjunction with many national and international laboratories and 
technical facilities. The Department has active theoretical research projects in optical 
communication, communication networks, coding theory, traffic control, remote sensing, 
solar energy conversion devices, nonlinear dynamics (chaos), relative electronics, parallel 
algorithms, computational complexity, interconnection networks and many other areas. 

Employment opportunities for graduates have been exceptionally rich in recent years. 
Private industry, research laboratories, government agencies and labs, and academic 
institutions have been hiring at virtually unprecedented rates. This strong demand should 
continue through the coming decade. The accompanying salary scales have been and should 
continue to be very attractive. The growing demand for engineering faculty has created a large 
number of opportunities for those interested in teaching careers. 

Admission Information 

For admission to electrical engineering, students must possess at least an undergraduate 
degree from an ABET accredited undergraduate program in electrical engineering with a B+ 
or better grade point average, or similar undergraduate preparation in mathematics, computer 
science, physics or other areas of engineering or science. 



1 40 Electrical Engineering Program (ENEE) 



Master's Degree Requirements 

Requirements for the master's thesis and non-thesis options are those of the Graduate 
School and must be completed within five years. In addition, students must have an average 
of B or better in all courses counted toward the degree. In addition to an M.S. degree, the 
department also offers a Master of Engineering (M.E.) degree. 

Doctoral Degree Requirements 

For the Ph.D. degree, students must complete a minimum of 42 semester hours of graduate 
approved courses with a B average or better, the Ph.D. qualifying examination and all 
dissertation and oral examination requirements. 

Facilities and Special Resources 

Over thirty specialized modern research and project laboratories distributed throughout the 
Department support a wide variety of research. The Electrical Engineering Department has 
extensive computer facilities to support its computational needs. These include state of the art 
computers in the various research laboratories as well as in the faculty offices. The terminal 
room houses some of the most advanced work stations available for student use. In addition, 
the faculty and students who are affiliated with the University of Maryland Institute for 
Advanced Computer Studies have access to a connection machine that is housed in the 
Institute. A complete engineering library is housed nearby. 

Financial Assistance 

Financial aid is available to graduate students in the form of research assistantships, 
teaching assistantships and fellowships. Applications for research and teaching assistantships 
should be completed and sent to the Electrical Engineering Office of Graduate Studies. 

Research assistantships are awarded subject to availability of funds and are renewed subject 
to satisfactory research progress. Summer appointments are often available. Teaching 
assistantships are usually awarded in April. Preference is given to United States citizens. 
Duties may include laboratory teaching assignments, assistance in the computation facility or 
assistance in courses. Teaching assistants must register for at least nine credit hours per 
semester. Fellowships are available for highly qualified applicants in a number of areas. 

Local industries and government agencies have work-study programs in which some of the 
Electrical Engineering graduate student body participates. Application should be made 
directly to the agencies. 

Additional Information 

For special brochures or publications offered by the Department, contact: 

Electrical Engineering Office of Graduate Studies 
University of Maryland 



Engineering Materials Program (ENMA) 141 



College Park, MD 20742 
(301)405-3681 

For courses, see code ENEE. 



Engineering Materials Program (ENMA) 

Chair: Christou 

Director: Wuttig 

Professors: Armstrong 1 , Arsenault, Christou, Dieter, Roytburd, Smith, Wuttig, Yeh 

Associate Professor: Ankem, Block, Pourdeyhimi, Salamanca-Riba 

Assistant Professors: Briber, Lloyd, 

"Mechanical Engineering 
2 College of Engineering 

Engineering Materials is an interdisciplinary program offered by the Department of 
Materials and Nuclear Engineering. Students may specialize in the structure, properties and 
performance of ceramics, metals, synthetic organic polymeric materials and composites. 
Areas of specialization include: the chemical physics of materials; dislocation and mechanical 
behavior of materials; electronic and magnetic behavior of bulk materials and thin films; 
environmental effects on materials; phase transformations; and x-ray diffraction, electron 
microscope and imaging techniques; microelectronic and electronic packaging materials. 

Admission Information 

The Program offers graduate study leading to the Master of Science and Doctor of 
Philosophy degrees and is open to qualified students holding a bachelor's degree from 
accredited programs in any of the engineering and science areas. In some cases, it may be 
necessary to require background courses to fulfill prerequisites. In addition to Graduate 
School admission requirements, the Department announces special degree requirements in its 
publications. 



Master's Degree Requirements 

The M.S. degree program offers thesis and non-thesis options. The thesis option requires 24 
credit hours of course work plus a thesis. The non-thesis option requires 30 credit hours of 
course work, a written comprehensive examination, and a research paper. All students must 
complete the Program Core requirements as well as all Graduate School requirements. In 
addition to an M.S. degree, the department also offers a Master of Engineering (M.E.) degree. 

Doctoral Degree Requirements 

To enter the Ph.D. degree program, students must complete the M.S. Program Core prior to 
taking the Ph.D. qualifying examination. Those admitted to the Ph.D. program must complete 
an approved curriculum plan prior to admission to candidacy, in addition to meeting all 
dissertation and final oral examination requirements. 



1 42 English Language and Literature Program (ENGL) 



Facilities and Special Resources 

Special equipment includes scanning and transmission electron microscopes; X-ray 
diffraction devices; image analysis and mechanical testing facilities; crystal growing, thin film 
deposition and analysis equipment; HPLC, GC, IR and other sample preparation and 
analytical apparatus. 

Financial Assistance 

Financial assistance in the form of teaching and research assistantships and sponsored 
fellowships are available to qualified students. 

Additional Information 

Information is available from: 

Academic Program Coordinator 

Engineering Materials Program 

Department of Materials and Nuclear Engineering 

University of Maryland 

College Park, MD 20742-21 15, USA 

(301)405-5211 

For courses, see code ENMA. 



English Language and Literature Program (ENGL) 

Chair: Coletti 

Professors: Auchard. Berlin. Bryer. Carretta. Coletti. Coogan, Cross. Fraistat, Fry. D. 

Hamilton. Handelman. Holton, Howard. Isaacs, Kauffman, Kolker, Kornblatt. Lanser, 

Lawson, Pearson, W. Peterson, Plumly, Russell, Salamanca, Schoenbaum, Trousdale, Turner, 

Vitzthum, Washington, Winton. Wyatt 

Associate Professors: Auerbach, Barry, Birdsall, Caramello, Cartwright. Cate, Coleman, 

Collier, Dobin. Donawerth, Fahnestock, Flieger, Grossman, G. Hamilton, Hammond, 

Herman, Kleine, Leinwand, Leonardi. Levine. Loizeaux. Mack, Marcuse, Norman, C. 

Peterson. Robinson. Smith, Van Egmond, Wilson 

Assistant Professors: Cohen. King, Levin, McDowell. Moser. Ray, Richardson, Rutherford, 

Schilb, Sherman, Upton, Van Egmond, Wang 

The Department of English offers graduate study leading to the Master of Arts and Doctor 
of Philosophy degrees with areas of specialization in American literature, English literature, 
African-American literature, and literatures of the African Diaspora. The Department also 
offers a Master of Fine Arts degree in Creative Writing. In addition, candidates for the M.A. 
degree may take a minor in composition and rhetoric. Traditionally, most students enrolled in 
graduate programs in English Language and Literature have sought employment in post- 
secondary teaching. An increasing number of students are also seeking non-academic 
employment now in publishing, business and technical writing, administration and personnel 
management. For the student who decides to seek one of these alternatives, the University of 



English Language and Literature Program (ENGL) 1 43 



Maryland oilers a Career Development Center thai helps place students in careers suitable to 
their interests and to their level of educational achievement. 

Admission Information 

In addition to the Graduate School requirements, applicants to the M.A. program should 
present a 3.5 GPA in English and 24 hours of upper-level English courses. Applicants to the 
Ph.D. program should present a 3.7 GPA and an M.A. degree in English. All applicants should 
submit a writing sample of 8-20 pages to the Office of the Director of Graduate Studies. 
Applications must be received by January 15 for all programs. Admission is lor the Fall 
semester only. 

Master's Degree Requirements 

The M.A. degree requires completion of 30 credit hours and a distribution requirement to 
assure coverage of major historical fields. The student may either take 24 hours of course 
credit and write a thesis for the other six hours, or take 30 hours and pass a written 
comprehensive examination. 

The M.F.A. degree requires completion of 36 hours of coursework. The program balances 
course requirements between writing workshops and literature courses and offers 
concentrations in fiction and poetry. A creative thesis (six credits) is also required. 

Doctoral Degree Requirements 

The Ph.D. requires a total of 51 hours of graduate work (normally 21 hours beyond the 
M.A.) and three further requirements: 1) a two-part exam (written and oral) in the student's 
two chosen areas of specialization; 2) an examination in a foreign language; and 3) the 
dissertation. Applicants to the Ph.D. program must have an M.A. Applicants who wish to 
pursue a Ph.D., but do not have an M.A., must apply to the M.A. program. 

Facilities and Special Resources 

Resources for research in the College Park area are outstanding. The university's libraries, 
which have been targeted for special enhancement in the coming years, presently hold over 
2,000,000 volumes. In addition to the unsurpassed holdings of the Library of Congress, the 
area also offers the specialized resources of the Folger Shakespeare Library, Dumbarton Oaks, 
the National Archives, the Smithsonian Institution, and the National Center for the Study of 
the Visual Arts. 

UMCP is a member of the Consortium of Institutions in the Washington area, which permits 
graduate students at College Park to enroll in courses at other universities for graduate credit 
at UMCP. Graduate students in English may also take courses for graduate credit at the Folger 
Institute of Renaissance and Eighteenth-Century Studies, which runs a series of seminars by 
distinguished scholars each year. 



1 44 Entomology Program (bN I M) 



Financial Assistance 

A small number of fellowships are awarded by the Graduate School to candidates 
nominated by the various departments. Most financial aid is in the form of teaching 
assistantships (three courses of composition per year) that the Department awards in March. 
About 90 assistantships are currently awarded each year, and about 25 of these go to new 
students or to others who have not held them previously. 

Additional Information 

Additional information on admission, financial aid and degree requirements can be obtained 
from: 

Charles Caramello 
Director of Graduate Studies 
Department of English 
University of Maryland 
College Park, MD 20742 
(301)405-3798 

For courses, see code ENGL. 



Entomology Program (ENTM) 

Acting Chair: Raupp 

Professors: Barbosa, Bottrell, Davidson, Denno, Hellman, Ma, Raupp, Scott 

Professors Emeriti: Bickley, Harrison, Jones, Menzer, Messersmith, Steinhauer, Wood 

Associate Professors: Armstrong, Dively, Lamp, Linduska, Mitter, Nelson, Regier, 

Assistant Professors: O'Brochta, Roderick, Thorne 

Adjunct Professors: Coddington, Ferguson, Gwadz, Hsu, Menn, Miller, Poole, Raina, 

Schauff, Thompson 

Assistant Research Scientist: Sina 

The Department of Entomology offers both the Master of Science and Doctor of Philosophy 
degrees. Graduate students may specialize in physiology and morphology, toxicology, 
biosystematics, ecology and behavior, medical entomology, apiculture, insect pathology, 
economic entomology, and pest management. 

Employment opportunities for graduates exist in industry, academia, federal, state and local 
governments, and in international and national spheres. 

Admission Information 

Students applying for graduate work in entomology are expected to have strong 
backgrounds in the biological or agricultural sciences, chemistry and mathematics. An 
undergraduate degree in entomology is not required, but a strong basic preparation is 
definitely preferred for admission to the program. Students lacking certain specific courses in 



Entomology Program (ENTM) 1 45 



their undergraduate program ma) need U> extend the normal period of time required lor the 
degree. 

Upon admission to the M.S. or Ph.D. program, the student undergoes a Departmental 
interview to evaluate general knowledge of biology and entomology. After this examination 
the student's study committee suggests a program of coursework and approves a detailed 
research proposal. 

Master's Degree Requirements 

In the M.S. and Ph.D. programs, the student is given latitude in the selection of the ad\ isorj 
study committee, the choice of a major study area and supporting coursework, and the 
selection of a research program. The M.S. degree is awarded following the successful 
completion of the course requirements (24 credits) and a satisfactory thesis (6 credits). 

Doctoral Degree Requirements 

Following completion of most coursework, the Ph.D. student is given an oral qualifying 
examination before applying for admission to candidacy. There are no specific course 
requirements, but coursework is determined by student study committees. 

Facilities and Special Resources 

The Department maintains facilities for research in all areas of specialization offered. In 
addition, cooperative programs with other departments in Agriculture and Life Sciences are 
possible. The Department also maintains cooperative research programs with several 
government agencies such as the Beltsville Agricultural Research Center, the U.S. National 
Museum of Natural History, and the Walter Reed Army Institute of Research. Students may 
also participate in the Maryland Center for Systematic Entomology where cooperative 
guidance toward advanced degrees has been established between the department and scientists 
in the Insect Identification and Beneficial Insect Introduction Institute, U.S.D.A. and the 
Department of Entomology. Smithsonian Institution. Specialized facilities are frequently 
made available to graduate students in these programs. In many instances graduates of the 
entomology programs find employment in such government agencies because of the contacts 
made in these cooperative projects. 

Financial Assistance 

There are a number of teaching and research assistantships available to entomology 
graduate students on a competitive basis. Several part-time employment opportunities are 
available in governmental and private research and developmental laboratories in the area. 
The Department also awards a 3-year Gahan Regents Graduate Fellowship annually. 

Additional Information 

The Department's Guidelines for Graduate Students gives additional information on the 
graduate program, including requirements for admission, course requirements, examinations, 
seminars, and research areas and facilities. Copies are available from: 



1 46 Family Studies Program (FMST) 



Department of Entomology 
University of Maryland 
College Park, MD 20742 
(301)405-3912 

For courses, see code ENTM. 



Family Studies Program (FMST) 

Chair: Billingsley 

Professors: Billingsley, Gaylin, Hanna, Koblinsky, Epstein 

Associate Professors: Anderson, Leslie, Myricks, Rubin, Wallen 

Assistant Professors: Mokhtari, Randolph 

Lecturer: Werlinich 

Instructor: Millstein, Zeiger 

The Department has a strong commitment to describe, to explain, and then to improve the 
quality of family life by means of applied research, education, therapy, social program 
management, policy analysis, and advocacy. The approach is inter-disciplinary, emphasizing 
individual, interpersonal, and social change. Professional education is based on a systems or 
ecological approach, combining within a single program the fundamental concerns of a 
number of interrelated professional fields, including family sciences, marriage and family 
therapy, human service program management, and family economics. 

Within the department, there are two areas of study; Family Studies and Marriage and 
Family Therapy. Family Studies explores the dynamics within families and close relationships 
as well as the interaction between families and the larger community and social context. Areas 
of interest include family communication and interaction processes, variations over the family 
life cycle, culturally diverse families, family economics, family policy, and family issues in 
employment settings. 

The program in Marriage and Family Therapy is accredited by the Commission of 
Accreditation for Marriage and Family Therapy Education of the American Association for 
Marriage and Family Therapy (AAMFT). The curriculum is based upon an integrative 
approach to family therapy. From a general systems perspective, the students are presented a 
broad overview of family therapy approaches and related theory. Didactic course material is 
continuously applied through practice with the intent of integrating theory and practice into a 
total learning experience. 

Admission Information 

The admission standards include a minimum of a 3.0 undergraduate grade point average, a 
score of 1000 or more on the GRE (verbal and quantitative), strong letters of recommendation, 
and a statement of personal and professional objectives. For those with a master's degree 
within the last ten years, the GRE requirements may be waived. 

The application deadlines for Family Studies for the Fall and Spring semesters are March 1 
and November 1, respectively. Students applying to the Marriage and Family Therapy 



Family Studies Program (FMST) 1 47 



Program should submit, by February 15, a "Family Therapy Application Form" which is 
available from the Department. All admissions to the Marriage and Family Therapy Program 
begin in the Fall semester only. 

Master's Degree Requirements 

The Family Studies program requires 30 credit hours. The Marriage and Family Therapy 
Program requires 60 credits which includes a two year internship sequence. The following 4 
core courses (12 credits) must be taken by all students: 

Family Theories (FMST 600) 

Research Methods I (FMST 604) 

Research Methods II (FMST 6 1 0) 

Quantitative Research Methods (EDMS 645) 

Facilities and Special Resources 

The Family Research Center: The purpose of the Family Research Center is to enhance 
family research opportunities by securing extramural funding and to encourage cooperative 
ventures with the University and other institutions. 

The Family Service Center: The Family Service Center is the training and research arm of 
the Marriage and Family Therapy Program of the Department of Family Studies. 
Departmental graduate students and faculty provide clinical and educational services to 
families from the surrounding communities. 

Financial Assistance 

Due to the limited number of available graduate assistantships and the high demand for 
these positions, application for financial aid should be made prior to February 1 for the fall 
semester of the coming year. Students who want to be considered for an assistantship or 
fellowship should apply to the FMST Director of Graduate Studies using the "Merit-Based 
Award" form in the graduate application packet. Early application increases the probability of 
receiving an assistantship. 

Additional Information 

For further information, contact: 

Department of Family Studies 
University of Maryland 
College Park, MD 20742 
(301)405-3672 

For courses, see code FMST. 



148 Fire Protection Engineering Program (ENFP) 



Fire Protection Engineering Program (ENFP) 

Chair: Spivak 

Professors: Brannigan, Quintiere 
Professor Emeritus: Bryan 
Associate Professor: Mowrer 
Assistant Professor: Milke 

The Fire Protection Engineering Department offers a diversified program of graduate 
studies leading to the Master of Science degree. An individual study plan compatible with the 
student's interest and background is developed between the student and adviser. Several 
specialized areas of graduate study are available. One area focuses on engineering principles 
concerned with fire modeling, i.e. the scientific fundamentals of diffusion flame combustion, 
the mechanics of flame propagation and the techniques of field or zone simulation for the 
prediction of fire development and smoke movement. A second area of study involves the 
application of risk analysis techniques, using predictive and analytical procedures for the 
quantitative assessment of the magnitude of fire hazards and the probabilities of potential fire 
incidents. Additional areas of study are available to graduate students on an individual basis. 

Admission Information 

The M.S. program is open to qualified students holding the B.S. degree. Full admission may 
be granted to students with degrees in any of the engineering and physical science areas from 
accredited programs. In some cases it may be necessary to require undergraduate courses to 
fulfill the student's background. In addition to the Graduate School requirements, the 
Graduate Record Examination may be required. 

Master's Degree Requirements 

The M.S. degree program offers both a thesis and a non-thesis option, both of which require 
completion of a minimum of 30 credit hours. Individual programs of study are determined by 
the student and his or her advisor and the department. In addition to an M.S. degree, the 
department also offers a Master of Engineering (M.Eng.) degree. The department's degree 
requirements are given in detail in its publications. 

Facilities and Special Resources 

The Department provides laboratory facilities for graduate research. The laboratories 
contain radiant panels, a cone calorimeter and particle obscuration apparatus. The 
departmental computer laboratory contains personal computers for research related activities. 
Sun workstations and a DEC-based CAD facility are provided by the College of Engineering. 
A mainframe computer in the Computer Science Building is available by remote access from 
the Department Computer Laboratory. Library facilities include one of the most extensive fire 
protection engineering-related collections in the country. The Department has computerized 
access to the National Institute of Standards and Technology's Fire Research Library, through 
FIREDOC. 



Food Science Program (FDSC) 1 49 



Financial Assistance 

Financial aid is available in the form of fellowships, and teaching and research 
assistantships. Research assistantships are awarded in conjunction with the availability of 
research funds. Professional firms and governmental agencies in the area have work-study 
programs available to graduate students. 

Additional Information 

Brochures and publications offered by the Department may be obtained by writing: 

Department of Fire Protection Engineering 
University of Maryland 
College Park, MD 20742-3031 
(301)405-3992 

For courses, see code ENFP. 



Food Science Program (FDSC) 

Director: Schlimme 

Professors: Bean, Heath, Johnson, Quebedeaux. Schlimme, Solomos, Vijay, Westhoff, 

Wheaton, Wiley 

Professors Emeriti: Keeney, King, Mattick, Twigg 

Associate Professors: Chai. Coerr, Shehata, Stewart, Wabeck 

The Food Science Program offers the Master of Science and Doctor of Philosophy degrees. 
The Graduate Program is interdepartmental with faculty representing departments of 
Agricultural Engineering, Agricultural and Resource Economics. Animal Sciences, Botany. 
Horticulture, Nutrition and Food Science. Poultry Science and the Seafood Processing 
Laboratory of the Environmental and Estuarine Studies Center. Food Science is concerned 
with all the basic and fundamental principles of the physical, biological and behavioral 
sciences and engineering to better understand the complex and heterogeneous materials 
recognized as food. Graduates are needed as food scientists or food technologists by the 
commercial food manufacturing and packaging industry; by many allied industries such as 
equipment manufacturers and suppliers to the industry; by government agencies at local, state, 
national and international levels; and by educational institutions. 

Admission Information 

The Program requires all applicants to take the Graduate Record Examination and achieve 
a minimum combine GRE scores of 1500; international students must have a TOEFL score of 
at least 550. The Program also bases its evaluation for acceptance on the student's academic 
transcripts, letters of recommendation and professional experience and the applicants 
statement of goals. A background in food science and/or physical, chemical and biological 
sciences or engineering is vital. Under certain conditions, the Food Science Admissions 
Committee may ask an applicant to come in for a personal interview. Students are only 
accepted into the program when they meet all necessary requirements and when a research 



1 50 Food Science Program (FDSC) 



advisor can be identified. The Program Director may either recommend to admit a student 
without condition, provisionally (with any of 20 conditions to be fulfilled) or deny admission 
with reasons stated. 

After a student is accepted into the program, he or she is assigned an advisor in accordance 
with the student's objectives, prior experience, course work, etc. Within the first semester, 
students should acquaint themselves with faculty members and their fields of interest in order 
to form a Guidance committee chaired by the advisor, which also consists of at least two 
faculty members for the M.S. and four for the Ph.D. Students must also file an approved 
program of study by the end of the first year of graduate study, and any changes in the program 
must be approved by the advisor and the Guidance Committee. 

In addition to the Graduate School requirements, students who have a B.S. degree in Food 
Science or the equivalent must complete a minimum of 30 hours of graduate credit coursework 
including a minimum of 12 hours of 600-level courses and above, and three credit hours each 
in biochemistry and biometrics. Students who enter the program without a background in Food 
Science may be required to complete more than the minimum number of hours of graduate 
credit to obtain the M.S. degree. Students must also complete a mandatory colloquium 
(seminar) for which two presentations for credit must be made during the program of study 
and any other provisional requirements as necessary. 

Master's Degree Requirements 

The M.S. program offers both a thesis and non-thesis option. Students who write a thesis 
must complete six hours of FDSC 799 in addition to the other program course requirements. 
Students who choose the non-thesis option must complete all program course requirements 
and prepare a scholarly paper on a subject approval by the Guidance Committee. 

Doctoral Degree Requirements 

In addition to the Graduate School requirements, the Ph.D. degree requires the completion 
of a program of study as approved by the Guidance Committee, including a minimum of 12 
hours of FDSC 899 credit. 

Facilities and Special Resources 

Laboratories, pilot plants and equipment are located in the Animal Sciences Center, 
Holzapfel Hall, Marie Mount Hall, H.J. Patterson Hall, Turner Laboratory and the Department 
of Agricultural Engineering. Facilities are available for experimental processing of fruits, 
vegetables, poultry, red meat, dairy products and seafood. Additional seafood processing 
facilities are located off campus. Laboratories are equipped for biochemical, biophysical and 
microbiological research and include facilities for laboratory animals. Instrumentation 
includes gas-liquid chromotographs, HPLC, atomic absorption spectrophotometer, rheology 
and texture measurement instrumentation, electron microscopes, super speed and ultra 
centrifuges, amino acid analyzers, slope extractor and UF/RO membrane separator, 
radioisotope counters and automated wet chemical analyzers. A broad range of modern 
facilities for cell culture, biochemistry and recombinant DNA work are also present. 
University research farms are available for both plant and animal production studies. 



French Language and Literature Program (FRIT) 1 51 



Specialized facilities of nearh\ government and food industT) laboratories arc available for 
graduate student research. The Librarj oi Congress, the National Agricultural Library and the 
National Library of Medicine are within easy access to the University. 

Financial Assistance 

Teaching and research assistantships are available from the participating departments. 
These assistantships provide a stipend and remission of fees for up to 10 credit hours per 
semester. The stipends are increased according to time and progress in the graduate program. 
Funds from grants and contracts are also available for support of graduate research programs. 

Additional Information 

Dr. Donald Schlimme 

Director 

Graduate in Food Science 

Department of Nutrition and Food Systems 

3215 Marie Mount Hall 

University of Maryland 

College Park, MD 20742 

(301)405-4504 

For courses, see code NFSC. 



French Language and Literature Program (FRIT) 

Chair: Tarica 

Professors: Cond), Fink. MacBain. Russell. Tarica. Therrien 

Associate Professors: Black, Brami. Cottenet-Hage, Falvo, Meijer, Mossman, Verdaguer 

Assistant Professor: Kinginger 

The Department of French and Italian prepares students for the Master of Arts and Doctor 
of Philosophy degrees in French language and literature. The composition of the graduate 
faculty and the variety of course offerings make it possible for students to specialize in any 
period or movement of French literature or any aspect of the French language, with the consent 
of their advisers. 

Admission Information 

The M.A. program, which offers both a thesis and non-thesis option, is open to students who 
have a solid grounding in French language and literature. It is strongly recommended that all 
applicants take the Graduate Record Examination. 

Master's Degree Requirements 

The students' knowledge of French is screened at the beginning of their first semester 
through a Language Proficiency Examination. Students usually take four semesters to finish 
the master's degree, which includes the successful completion of a thesis or a substantial 



1 52 Geography Program (GEOG) 



research paper, and a comprehensive examination in French Literature, French Literature/ 
Civilization or French Literature/Special Focus Area. 

Doctoral Degree Requirements 

The Ph.D. program is open only to the most highly motivated candidates who give evidence 
of strong qualifications to pursue an interest in individual research. All applicants for the Ph.D. 
program (except M.A. graduates of this Department) must pass a three-part preliminary 
examination administered at the start of the first semester, consisting of an explication de 
textes, an essay and an oral examination before being fully admitted to the program. They must 
complete a program of seminars related to their field of interest. Finally, they must pass three 
Qualifying Examinations and a translation examination in a second foreign language before 
being admitted to candidacy and beginning work on their dissertation. 

Facilities and Special Resources 

In addition to the University graduate and undergraduate libraries, the Department 
maintains a reference library. Area research facilities include the Library of Congress and the 
Folger Library (specializing in 16th, 17th and 18th-century literature). The Department has a 
chapter of the National Honor Society, Phi Sigma Iota. 

Financial Assistance 

Financial support is available in the form of graduate fellowships, as well as teaching and 
research assistantships. For information contact the Department of French and Italian. 

Additional Information 

For complete information concerning the Department's requirements set forth in the Guide 
to Graduate Programs in French, contact: 

Department of French and Italian 
Language and Literature 
University of Maryland 
College Park, MD 20742 
(301)405-4024 

For courses, see code FREN. 
Geography Program (GEOG) 

Chair: Townshend 

Professors: Goward, Leatherman, Prince, Townshend 

Associate Professors: Brodsky, Christian, Cirrincione, Groves, Kearney, Mitchell, 

Thompson 

Assistant Professor: Boberg, Dubayah, Geores 

Adjunct Professor: Williams 

Adjunct Associate Professor: Cebrian 

Lecturers: Broome, Eney, Hall, Olsen 



Geography Program (GEOG) 1 53 



The Department of Geography oilers graduate study leading to the Master of Arts and 
Doctor of Philosophy degrees. Specific departmental graduate specialties include the 
following: Physical Geography (bioclimatology, biogeography, coastal geomorphology, 
estuarine geomorphology, physical climatology); Human Geography (cultural geography, 
historical geography of North America, social and population geography, transportation, 
urban geography, urban and regional systems); Geographic Methods (digital cartography, 
geographic information systems, remote sensing, spatial analysis). Interdisciplinary 
approaches are encouraged. 

Students at both the master's and doctoral levels initiate their own program of course-work 
and submit a plan of study for approval. All degree-seeking graduate students are required to 
complete the following courses during their first full year of study: GEOG 600, GEOG 605, 
GEOG 610, and all prerequisites associated with these required courses. In addition, it is 
normally recommended to students to take a GEOG 788 Pro-Seminar course. 

While the Washington job market is highly competitive, employment opportunities in 
applied geography remain strong. Would-be practicing geographers should stress such 
marketable studies as remote sensing, cartography, computer cartography, geographic 
information services, international development and locational analysis. 

Admission Information 

Incoming M.A. students are expected to have an undergraduate degree in geography: 
students from other fields will be required to do additional remedial work. All graduate 
applicants should submit their Graduate Record Examination test scores. 

Master's Degree Requirements 

Master's students must complete at least 30 graduate credit hours. No more than 12 credit 
hours may be taken at the 400 level. All master's students take an oral examination defense of 
a research proposal and a final oral examination based either on the thesis or the first of the 
two research papers. 

Doctoral Degree Requirements 

The Ph.D. program usually requires three years to complete. The program is designed to 
meet the individual needs of the student: thus, few courses are required. Doctoral applicants 
must submit a written statement of study that is used to solicit faculty sponsors. Because of the 
degree of specialization, the Department only considers Ph.D. applicants whose interests 
coincide with Departmental faculty competence. 

The Department normally requires a grade point average higher than 3.0 and a master's 
degree from a recognized geography department for admission. Competency in terms of fields 
of study and a comparable level of achievement to the Department's master's degree may also 
be accepted. Students without a master's degree may petition the Department for admission 
and may be accepted upon approval of a faculty committee appointed by the Department 
Chair. 



1 54 Geology Program (GEOL) 



After completion of formal coursework for the Ph.D., students must take a two-part 
qualifying examination for advancement to candidacy. Part one is a written examination on 
the student's specific field of research specialization. Part two is an oral examination 
evaluating the dissertation proposal. Upon satisfactory completion of the dissertation there is 
also a final oral examination. 

Facilities and Special Resources 

Departmental research facilities are contemporary and outstanding. They include 
cartographic laboratories, a computer mapping and spatial analysis facility, a coastal 
geomorphology laboratory and remote sensing laboratory. Numerous microcomputers are 
housed in the Department. 

Financial Assistance 

Graduate assistantships and fellowships are available. 

Additional Information 

More detailed information on the M.A. and Ph.D. programs can be obtained by requesting 
a copy of the Department brochure "Graduate Programs in Geography at the University of 
Maryland" (phone: 301-405-4050) and then by contacting the: 

Director of Graduate Studies 
Department of Geography 
1 113 Lefrak Hall 
University of Maryland 
College Park, MD 20742 
(301)405-4056 

For courses, see code GEOG. 

Dual Master's Degrees Programs in Geographic Information Systems 

This is a joint program of the College of Library and Information Services and the 
Department of Geography. It results in two master's degrees; the Master of Library Science 
(MLS) and the Master of Arts in Geography. The dual-degree program requires a minimum of 
56 graduate credit hours. For a full-time student, the Program requires two years of intensive 
study. Admission to the Program is competitive and students must apply separately and be 
admitted both to Library and Information Services and to Geography. Contact either the 
Department of Geography (301) 405-4056 or the College of Library and Information Services 
(301) 405-2038 for more information. 

Geology Program (GEOL) 

Chair: Brown 

Professors: Brown, Candela, Chang, Wylie 

Associate Professors: McLellan, Prestegaard, Ridky, Segovia, Stifel, Walker 



Geology Program (GEOL) 1 55 



Assistant Professor: Krogstad 

Adjunct Professor: Zen 

Adjunct Associate Professor: Luhr 

Adjunct Assistant Professors: Bohlke, Shirey, Sorensen 

Affiliate Associate Professor: Kearney 

The Department of Geology otters graduate study leading to the Master of Science and 
Doctor oi' Philosophy degrees. The two areas of concentration are Lithospheric Processes and 
Earth Surface Processes. Research within Lithospheric Processes includes such traditional 
areas as mineralogy, petrology, geochemistry, structural geology and tectonics. Research 
within Earth Surface Processes includes hydrology, sedimentation, geomorphology, remote 
sensing and environmental change. These areas are not mutually exclusive, and students arc- 
encouraged to develop a program that suits their interests. 

Research topics currently being studied by faculty-student groups lie within the following 
broad areas: the origin and evolution of granites and granitic pegmatites, metamorphic 
petrogenesis, phase equilibria studies, geochemical evolution of the mantle and crust, ore 
petrogenesis and the behavior of ore metals in igneous systems, problems in tectonic 
evolution, mechanisms of surface-groundwater interactions, wetland hydrology, glacial 
geology, sediment transport mechanics, hydrologic consequences of climate change, 
biogeochemical reactions with stable isotopes, and hydrogeochemistry. 

Admission Information 

Qualified students with a major in geology, physics, mathematics, chemistry, biology, 
engineering or other related sciences are invited to apply for admission to the graduate 
programs. All students must submit the Graduate Record Examination scores to be considered 
for admission. 

Master's Degree Requirements 

The Department of Geology offers a Master of Science degree. There is no single prescribed 
curriculum. Although 24 credit hours of course work and 6 credit hours of thesis research are 
required, the entire course of study is individually developed for each student by his/her 
graduate program committee as approved by the Graduate Committee. The M.S. degree is 
awarded following the successful completion of the course requirements, submission of a 
satisfactory thesis, and an oral defense of the thesis. The M.S. normally requires two years of 
work. 

Doctoral Degree Requirements 

For the Ph.D. degree, requirements include satisfactory completion of course work, 
preparation of a research proposal, an oral candidacy and research proposal examination, and 
a successful dissertation defense. The Ph.D. commonly requires two or three years of work, if 
conducted after the completion of an M.S. program, or four to five years from the time of 
admission if pursued directly from the bachelor level. 



1 56 Germanic Language and Literature Program (GERS) 



Facilities and Special Resources 

The Department maintains a variety of modern facilities and equipment for research, 
including Sun Microsystems computer networks with direct access to supercomputer 
facilities; laboratories for research on the petrology of igneous, metamorphic, and sedimentary 
rocks; a Cue 3 color image analysis system; a Fluid. Inc., stage for fluid inclusion analysis; 
research microscopes with instruments to measure reflectance; rock preparation laboratories; 
high temperature and high pressure/high temperature equipment for dry or hydrothermal 
experiments; two solid source mass spectrometers and ancillary equipment for isotope 
analysis; electromagnetic and Ott velocity meters; digitizing equipment; laboratory and field 
hydrogeology equipment (and access to a drill rig on campus); flame and graphite furnace 
atomic absorption equipment; an automated x-ray diffractometry apparatus (XRD). Analytical 
scanning and transmission electron microscopy and JEOL 840 electron microprobe are 
available on campus for geological research. 

Although students will choose an advisor within the Geology Department, they may also 
wish to take advantage of research opportunities provided by collaboration with other 
departments on campus, such as Meteorology. Geography. Agronomy. Civil Engineering and 
Chemistry, and other institutions in the area including the Smithsonian Institution, United 
States Geological Survey, NASA. Department of Terrestrial Magnetism. Geophysical Lab, 
and the National Institute of Standards and Technology. 

Financial Assistance 

Graduate students are eligible for Departmental teaching assistantships. Graduate School 
fellowships and grant-supported fellowships and research assistantships. In addition, some 
curatorial, library and other part-time work is sometimes available. 

Additional Information 

The Department's Graduate Programs in Geology at Maryland gives additional 
information on the requirements, examinations, faculty research interests and publications, 
research facilities and financial aid. Copies are available from: 

Department of Geology 

University of Maryland at College Park 

College Park, MD 20742 

(301)405-4365 

For courses, see code GEOL. 



Germanic Language and Literature Program (GERS) 

Chair: Walker 

Professors: Beicken, Best, Frederiksen, Oster, Pfister 

Professors Emeriti: Herin, Jones 

Associate Professors: Bilik. Fagan, Fleck, Strauch, Walker 

Assistant Professors: Greene-Gantzberg, Richter 



Germanic Language and Literature Program (GERS) 1 57 



The German Program of the Department of Germanic and Slavic Languages and Literatures 
offers graduate study leading to the M.A. and Ph.D. degrees. Specialization includes the 
following areas: language pedagogy and applied linguistics; Germanic philology; Medieval 
literature and culture; and literature of the German speaking countries from the Renaissance 
to the present including German culture and film. 

The Departmental programs emphasize the linguistic approach to language studies, the 
incorporation of critical theory and literary theory into the study of literature and culture, the 
pursuit of cultural perspectives in the study of literary history and German film and gender 
studies. 

Admission Information 

In addition to the Graduate School requirements, candidates should have a bachelor's 
degree with a major in German language and literature or the equivalent and fluency in the 
written and spoken language. Candidates for the doctorate must have a master's degree in 
German or in a related discipline such as Germanic studies, Scandinavian studies, language 
education, and Medieval studies. 

Master's Degree Requirements 

The M.A. degree program offers both a thesis and non-thesis option. For the thesis option, 
the student must complete 24 hours of coursework, the thesis with oral defense and a written 
comprehensive examination. The non-thesis option requires 30 hours of coursework, a mini- 
thesis with oral defense and a written comprehensive examination. For both options the 
comprehensives consist of two three-hour examinations based on the coursework and the 
M.A. reading list. 

Doctoral Degree Requirements 

Degree requirements for the Ph.D. are as follows: 1 ) completion of at least 30 hours of 
coursework beyond the master's degree over a period of at least one year at the University of 
Maryland and a further 12 hours of dissertation research; 2) a reading skill examination in a 
language other than English or German, which may be another Germanic language or a 
language related to the candidate's research; 3) comprehensive written examinations; 4) 
presentation of the dissertation, an original study in the field of specialization on a topic 
approved by the advisor and the examining committee; and 5) the oral defense of the 
dissertation (one to two hours). 

Facilities and Special Resources 

In addition to its course offerings listed below, the German Program of the Department of 
Germanic and Slavic Languages and Literatures sponsors the German Club, the University of 
Maryland Chapter of Delta Phi Alpha (the national German language honors society). 
Distinguished scholars and lecturers as well as visiting professors visit the metropolitan area 
and campus regularly. College Park's proximity to Washington. D.C., facilitates participation 
in the many cultural functions of the capital with its wealth of German and Scandinavian social 
groups and national societies: the Embassies of Austria, Denmark, Germany, Norway, 



1 58 Government and Politics Program (GVPT) 



Sweden, Switzerland; and the German Historical Institute, and the Goethe Institute, which has 
co-sponsored the yearly Sommerschule in the Nation's Capital, a program for undergraduate 
and graduate students. 

Financial Assistance 

The German Program offers graduate teaching assistantships, and the Graduate School 
offers, on a competitive basis, fellowships, minority fellowships, and grants. 

Additional Information 

For further information write to: 

Coordinator of Graduate Studies 

Department of Germanic and Slavic Languages and Literature 

University of Maryland 

College Park, MD 20742 

(301)405-4091 

For courses, see codes GERM, RUSS and SLAV. 



Government and Politics Program (GVPT) 

Chair: Wilkenfeld 

Professors: Alford, Butterworth, Davidson, Dawisha, Elkin, Franda, Glass, Gurr. Marando. 

Oppenheimer, Phillips, Piper, Pirages, Quester, Stone, Uslaner, Wilkenfeld 

Professors Emeriti: Anderson, Claude, Hsueh, McNelly, Reeves 

Associate Professors: Glendening, Heisler, Herrnson, Kaminski.Kaufman, Lalman, 

McCarrick, Mcintosh, Soltan, Terchek. Tismaneanu, Williams, Wilson 

Assistant Professors: Conca, Gimpel, Graber, Haufler, Johnson, Lanning. Swistak 

The Department of Government and Politics is a large and diverse department that offers 
graduate study leading to both the Master of Arts and the Doctor of Philosophy degrees in 
political science. The Department offers a variety of courses and program flexibility for 
students seeking academic careers as well as those seeking other professional career interests 
in political science. 

This diversity and flexibility enables students to pursue specializations in the broad fields 
of political science: American politics, international relations, comparative politics, political 
economy, and political theory. In addition, students may pursue more specialized fields such 
as formal theory, public law, East-European, former Soviet Union, and post-communist 
studies, East-Asian studies, national security, political development, public policy, political 
behavior, political psychology, conflict management, politics of advanced industrial societies, 
environmental politics, and social choice. 



Government and Politics Program (GVPT) 1 59 



Admission Information 

Hie Department seeks to recruit highly qualified students and to admit the strongest students 
from the pool of applicants. Preference is given to students applying for admission to the 
doctoral program. Approximately 25-30 Students will he accepted into the graduate program 
each Fall. Applicants must provide transcripts, letters of recommendation, and scores from the 
Graduate Reeord Examination. Students seeking admission who have an undergraduate GPA 
of at least 3.5 and aggregate GRE scores of about 1800 are within the competitive range of 
admitted students. 

Master's Degree Requirements 

The M.A. program serves primarily as the first graduate degree for students seeking 
academic careers. Consequently students usually undertake a course of study that will lead to 
the doctoral program and pursue one of the broad fields that are also part of the doctoral 
program. The program does provide sufficient flexibility, however, to allow students to pursue 
a more specialized field. 

Master's degree candidates may select a thesis or a non-thesis option, both of which require 
six semester hours of political theory or political philosophy, six semester hours of methods 
courses and a comprehensive examination in one field. Both options require a total of 30 
semester hours of credit. 

Doctoral Degree Requirements 

The doctoral program is intended to provide students with the knowledge, methodological 
skills and research experience appropriate for persons who intend to enter the discipline of 
political science. Students must complete 42 hours of graduate work including courses in 
political theory and research methods and pass written comprehensive examinations in two 
fields. Although formal coursework and field examinations are important components of the 
doctoral program, the research component, especially in the form of the dissertation is 
paramount. Consequently students who are able to demonstrate an interest in quality research 
activities and desire to become creators as well as consumers of knowledge are appropriate for 
the doctoral program. 

Facilities and Special Resources 

Graduate students in the department participate in the activities of the Public Service Intern 
Program, Project ICONS, the Center for International Development and Conflict 
Management, the Maryland Collective Choice Center, the Center for International Security 
Studies at Maryland, the East-South Project, the Center for the Study of Post-Communist 
Societies, The Committee on the Political Economy of the Good Society, The Future of the 
Russian Littoral: the International Politics of Eurasia into the Twenty-First Century Project, 
and the Harrison Program on the Future Global Agenda. 



1 60 Health Education Program (HLTH) 



Financial Assistance 

In addition to teaching assistantships, the Department also has a public service intern 
program for students interested in State government. There are also a limited and variable 
number of research positions available through research grants. 

Additional Information 

Further information, including a manual on graduate study, please contact: 

Director of Graduate Studies 
Department of Government and Politics 
University of Maryland 
College Park, MD 20742 
(301)405-4161 

For courses, see code GVPT. 



Health Education Program (HLTH) 

Chair: Gilbert 

Professors: Burt, Feldman, Gilbert, Gold, Greenberg, Leviton, Wilson 

Associate Professors: Beck, Clearwater, Meiners 

Assistant Professors: Desmond, Jackson 

Adjunct Professors: Horton, LaRosa, Portnoy, Schaeffer, Scheirer, Stone, Valente 

Affiliate Professors: Bridwell, Freimuth 

Instructors: Sawyer, Schiraldi 

The Department offers graduate study leading to the Master of Arts and Doctor of 
Philosophy degrees. The Department of Health Education offers a program designed to 
prepare students to enter health education and related health professions in teaching, research, 
consulting and administrative roles. Career opportunities for graduates include professional 
education, research, health maintenance, public schools, community health agencies, health 
care delivery and promotion, and private and governmental settings. 

The Ph.D. Program offers areas of study and field experience in stress management, health 
behavior, school health education, community health, and women's health. Advanced degree 
study is not limited to these areas. Students, in consultation with the Director of Graduate 
Studies and faculty advisers, may design an individual program of study to meet his/her 
projected professional needs in the doctoral program. 

Admission Information 

For students interested in the master's degree, the Department requires an undergraduate 
GPA of at least 3.0. For admission to the doctoral program, a graduate GPA of 3.5 is required. 
In addition, the Department requires satisfactory GRE scores (quantitative and verbal 
sections) and three letters of recommendation from all applicants. Deadline for Fall admission 
is March 1 , and October 1 for Spring admission. 



Health Education Program (HLTH) 1 61 



Master's Degree Requirements 

The master's program offers both thesis and non-thesis options. Thirty credits are required 
for both degree options. Twenty-four credits must be at the 600 level or above. Six credits may 
be at the 400 level with permission. Advisement is mandatory. 

Doctoral Degree Requirements 

Ph.D. applicants must have completed a master's level degree. The Ph.D. program requires: 
(1) successful completion of approved course work; (2) comprehensive examination; and (3) 
a dissertation. Advisement is mandatory. 

Facilities and Special Resources 

The student may experience specific application of theory through numerous field studies 
and Departmental service programs in the areas of controlling stress and tension, children's 
health and development, programs for the aged, and women's health and safety education. 
Special Departmental facilities include the Psychophysiological Research Laboratory; the 
Minority Health Research Laboratory; the Interdisciplinary Health Research Laboratory; the 
Safety Education Center; Laboratory for Health Promotion, Research and Development; the 
College Microcomputer Laboratory; and Wellness Research Laboratory. 

The proximity of the nation's capital, National Institutes of Health, the National Library of 
Medicine, and the Library of Congress render the University of Maryland unusually well 
suited for graduate work in health education. 

Financial Assistance 

The Department offers a limited number of graduate teaching and research assistantships. 
The Department may also recommend outstanding applicants to the Graduate School for 
University fellowships. Deadline for assistantship application for Fall is March 1. and Spring 
is October 1. The deadline to apply for fellowships is February 1. 

Additional Information 

For more specific information on the program, contact: 

Dr. Harvey E. Clearwater 
Director of Graduate Studies 
Department of Health Education 
University of Maryland 
College Park, MD 20742-261 1 
(301)405-2464 

For courses, see code HLTH. 



1 62 Hearing and Speech Sciences Program (HESP) 



Hearing and Speech Sciences Program (HESP) 

Chairman: Ratner 

Professors: McCall, Yeni-Komshian 

Professor Emeritus: Newby 

Associate Professors: Dingwall. Gordon-Salant. Ratner, Roth 

Lecturer: Balfour 

Clinical Instructors: Brigham, Daniel, Hart-Litz, McCabe, Perlroth, Worthington 

Adjunct: Atack, Capra, Fitzgibbons, Ludlow, Sonies, Mele-McCarthy, Stone 

The Department of Hearing and Speech Sciences provides the opportunity for advanced 
graduate study in the communication sciences and disorders. Formal areas of concentration 
include speech-language pathology and audiology. More individualized programs of study in 
speech, language or hearing are offered at the doctoral level. 

Admission Information 

Admission to the M.A. and Ph.D. programs is on a very competitive basis. Each year, the 
Department receives approximately 250 applications for 25 anticipated spaces in the program. 
Successful M.A. applicants typically have earned at least a 3.5 undergraduate GPA. and have 
strong GRE scopes and letters of recommendation. Admitted candidates to the Ph.D. program 
satisfy even more competitive criteria. 

In addition to the Graduate School requirements, the Department requires applicants to 
furnish scores on the Graduate Record Examination. Prospective applicants should note that 
decisions on summer and fall admissions are made in early March and on spring admission in 
early November. Early application is encouraged. 

Applicants with an undergraduate degree in the hearing and speech sciences or a related 
field are considered for admission to the M.A. degree program, which usually requires two 
years of graduate study. Individuals without a background in the hearing and speech sciences 
may need more than two years to finish. Only full-time students are admitted to the program. 

Admission to the Ph.D. degree program may be offered to applicants with either a 
Bachelor's or Master's degree. Requirements for completion of a program of doctoral study is 
dependent on a student's prior background in the communication sciences and disorders. 

Master's Degree Requirements 

The Department of Hearing and Speech Sciences offers the Master of Arts degree with 
either the thesis or the non-thesis option and with major emphasis either in speech-language 
pathology or in audiology. The Master's degree is required for individuals intending to 
practice as speech pathologists or audiologists in schools, hospitals, rehabilitation facilities, 
hearing and speech centers or in other clinical settings. Academic coursework, which includes 
a minimum of 36 credits, is supplemented by additional credit registrations in supervised 
clinical practica in the University Speech and Hearing Clinic and in selected outside clinical 
facilities so that the graduate will meet the academic and practicum requirements for the 
Certificate of Clinical Competence (C.C.C.) issued by the American Speech-Language- 
Hearing Association, and for licensure in the State of Maryland. The Master's degree program 



Hearing and Speech Sciences Program (HESP) 1 63 



is accredited by the Educational Standards Board <>l ASM A, the national accrediting agency 
which oversees graduate programs in Speech-Language Pathology and Audiology. 

Doctoral Degree Requirements 

The Department also offers the Doctor of Philosophy degree with a major emphasis in 
speech, language or hearing. Students with a B.A. or M.A. are considered for admission to the 
doctoral program. Matriculated doctoral students will choose within their major a special 
interest area, which may focus on the normal aspects of their major or disorders related to the 
major. A student must also select a minor area of study either from within or outside 
departmental offerings. There are no foreign language requirements, hut advanced courses in 
statistics and experimental research design are required for the degree. Course programs are 
planned by the student and a committee of at least four faculty members. All doctoral students 
are expected to participate in varied research activities within the Department for academic 
credit. Students must take written and oral comprehensive examinations for admission to 
candidacy after completing formal academic coursework. Doctoral students must register for 
at least 12 semester hours of dissertation research credit before completing the degree. 

Facilities and Special Resources 

The Department's facilities include: (1) several modern research laboratories equipped to 
support research in the areas of language, acoustic phonetics, physiological phonetics, 
psychoacoustics, speech perception, neuropsychology and brain stem evoked response 
audiometry; (2) a Departmental library; (3) a hearing and speech clinic that includes multiple 
audiological test suites and diagnostic/therapy rooms equipped for observation; and (4) an on- 
site language pre-school also equipped for observation. Additional research and clinical 
facilities are available in the Washington and Baltimore metropolitan areas. The Library of 
Congress, the National Library of Medicine and the libraries of various medical schools in the 
Washington-Baltimore area supplement the University's libraries at College Park. 

Financial Assistance 

A limited number of graduate assistantships are available through the Department. 
Assistantships that carry teaching, research or clinical responsibilities are awarded on a 
competitive basis. Graduate fellowships are also available. 

Additional Information 

Additional information about the M.A. and Ph.D. programs may be obtained by contacting: 

Admissions Committee 

Department of Hearing and Speech Sciences 

University of Maryland 

College Park, MD 20742 

(301)405-4214 

For courses, see code HESP. 



1 64 History Program (HIST) 



History Program (HIST) 

Acting Chair: Foust 

Professors: Belz, Berlin, Brush 1 , Callcott, Cockburn, Evans, Foust, Gilbert, Griffith, 
Henretta, Kaufman, Lampe, A. Olson, K. Olson, Price, Sutherland, Wright 
Professors Emeriti: Cole, Duffy, Gordon, Harlan, Jashemski, Kent, Merrill, Smith, Warren, 
Yaney 

Associate Professors: Bedos-Rezak, Breslow, Cooperman, Eckstein, Flack, Friedel, 
Grimsted. Gullickson, Harris, Holum, Majeska, Matossian, Mayo. Moss, Perinbam, Ridgway, 
Rozenblit, Stowasser, Sumida, Zilfi 

Assistant Professors: Bradbury, Bravman, Muncy, Nicklason, Rowland, Thompson, 
Wetzell, Williams, Zhang 
Adjunct Professor: Can- 
Adjunct Associate Professor: Papenfuse 
Affiliate Associate Professor: Struna 

'Joint appointment with Institute for Physical Sciences and Technology 

The Department of History offers programs leading to the degrees of Master of Arts and 
Doctor of Philosophy. Areas of specialization include: United States, Ancient, Medieval, 
Early Modern European, Modern European, British, Russian, East Asian, Latin American, 
Jewish, Diplomatic, Economic, Science, African*, Middle Eastern*, and Women's History.* 

*Fields at the M.A. level only. 

Admission Information 

In addition to the Graduate School requirements, Graduate Record Examination scores are 
required. An undergraduate major in history is not required for admission. A minimum GPA 
of 3.25 in the applicant's undergraduate program is required for admission to the M.A. degree. 

Master's Degree Requirements 

The Master of Arts degree serves both as a firm grounding in a field of history for teaching 
purposes and as preparation for the pursuit of the doctorate. The Department offers both a 
thesis and a non-thesis option. Departmental requirements for the degree include one section 
of a general seminar (American, European or Comparative World History) and two 800-level 
research seminars. Thirty credit hours are required for the degree. A maximum of nine hours 
of credit may be taken in 400-level courses. For those students who select a thesis option, six 
hours of M.A. thesis research courses (HIST 799) are required. There will be a final oral 
examination confined to the thesis and the area in which it lies. Students who select the non- 
thesis option must take 30 credits ( 15 in the major field, nine in the minor field and six hours 
of electives), submit two scholarly papers to their examining committee and pass a four-hour 
comprehensive examination in their major area. 

Doctoral Degree Requirements 

The student's M.A. examining committee will decide whether a student will be admitted to 
the doctoral program based on the following: his or her record of achievement in coursework, 



History Program (HIST) 1 65 



a written examination (if required in the student's major area), and a thesis and oral defense, 
or two submitted research papers. Students with M.A. degrees awarded at other institutions 
will be asked to submit substantial evidence of their written work when the) appk tor 
admission to the doetoral program. A minimum GPA of 3.5 for work completed on die M.A. 
degree is required for admission to the doetoral program. Doetoral candidates must complete 
three sections o\~ the General Seminar. Within five semesters alter entering the doctoral 
program, ever) student must pass a general oral and a special field written examination in his 
or her major area and one written field examination in a minor area. These examinations will 
test for a broad, intelligent and informed handling of the major historical problems and 
literature of that field. 

An oral examination on the student's dissertation prospectus and a bibliography on the 
dissertation field are required. The dissertation is to be understood to constitute the largest 
single portion of the doctoral program; it is expected to be a distinct contribution to historical 
knowledge and/or interpretation. 

All doctoral students must show a reading competence in one foreign language. 

Facilities and Special Resources 

In addition to the field concentrations described above, the Department of History offers 
several forms of specialized training. In the field of historical editing the Department has 
introduced a successful internship course in archival work in conjunction with the National 
Archives. Since 1970, the Department has sponsored a journal of history. The Maryland 
Historian, which features scholarly articles and reviews and provides practical experience for 
graduate students in the production of a journal. The journal was founded and is managed and 
produced by graduate students in the Department of History. The Department also sponsors 
two major editorial projects: the Samuel Gompers Papers, and the Freedmen and Southern 
Society project. A number of history department graduate students have gained valuable 
research and editing experience on these projects, all of which receive support from the 
National Historical Publications and Records Commission. 

In conjunction with the Department of Philosophy, the Department of History sponsors and 
participates in the Folger Institute of Renaissance and Eighteenth-Century Studies. The 
Institute offers seminars, workshops, conferences, colloquia and lectures for graduate students 
and faculty. The Department of History also participates in the Caesarea excavations. This 
project provides a rich source of thesis and dissertation topics for graduate students in Ancient 
History. 

Financial Assistance 

The Department offers financial assistance principally in the form of teaching assistantships 
to outstanding graduate students. These positions vary in number according to the availability 
of funds, but generally about 38 are awarded to students working toward the Ph.D. or M.A. 
degree. Appointment as a teaching assistant provides students an opportunity to work closely 
with faculty members in the teaching of undergraduate survey courses in history. Paid 
internships at regional historical institutions that carry tuition scholarships are also available. 



1 66 History Program (HIST) 



The Folger Institute also awards fellowships to graduate students, and several of these awards 
have gone to doctoral candidates from the University of Maryland's history department. 

Additional Information 

For complete descriptions of programs and requirements, contact: 

Graduate Director 
Department of History 
University of Maryland 
College Park, MD 20742 
(301)405-4264 

For courses, see code HIST. 

Concentration in the History and Philosophy of Science 

The Committee on the History and Philosophy of Science supervises graduate study leading 
to the Master of Arts and Doctor of Philosophy degrees in History or Philosophy. Courses are 
offered in a wide range of subjects in the history and philosophy of science and technology, 
and research facilities are available on the College Park campus and in the Washington area. 
For advanced research, the emphasis is on the history and philosophy of physical and 
biological science in the 19th and 20th centuries; history of the philosophy of science and 
scientific ideas; genetics, computer science, geophysics and astronomy; and scientific 
institutions in the United States. Integration of historical and philosophical interpretations of 
science is stressed in both teaching and research. 

While academia is the traditional employer of historians and philosophers of science, other 
opportunities exist with museums, government and industry. Academic opportunities for 
historians and philosophers of science recently have been more plentiful than for historians or 
philosophers in general. While the numbers are small, the Committee has successfully placed 
all of its degree recipients. 

Students should apply for admission to either the History Department or the Philosophy 
Department, indicating History and Philosophy of Science as the field of specialization. Since 
people with diverse backgrounds can be successful in this field, there are no rigid requirements 
for admission; the quality of a student's work in science, history and philosophy, as 
demonstrated not only by grades and test scores but also by papers and independent projects, 
is more important than the number of credit hours in these subjects. But prospective students 
should also be warned that the minimum requirement for doing research in the history and 
philosophy of science covers substantially more areas than normally expected of Ph.D.'s in 
any one of the traditional fields of history, philosophy or a science; it includes training in a 
science equivalent to a B.S. (preferably M.S.) degree, proficiency in both oral and written 
expression and an ability to read at least one foreign language (preferably both French and 
German). 

The Committee also encourages applications from students who do not intend to obtain a 
Ph.D. in history and philosophy of science but desire only the M.A. as preparation for careers 



History Program (HIST) 1 67 



in science, teaching, government service, technical administration, museum work, etc., or who 
plan to proceed to the Ph.D. in another field. 

A few teaching assistantships are available in the History and Philosophy Departments for 

students who have adequate backgrounds in those subjects. 

Detailed information may be obtained by writing to: 

Chairperson 

Committee on the History and Philosophy of Science 

1 131 Skinner Building 

University of Maryland 

College Park, MD 20742 

For courses, see code HIST. 

Studies Leading to the M.A. in History and the M.L.S. 

The Department of History and the College of Library and Information Services (CLIS) 
coordinate two master's degree programs to meet the need for multi-disciplinary graduate 
training for archivists, records managers, manuscript curators, rare book librarians, 
bibliographers, conservation administrators and those wishing to become subject and research 
specialists in academic, special and/or research libraries. Because of the campus' proximity to 
a variety of immensely rich research collections, students are able to gain first-hand 
experiences through internships that reinforce their classroom instruction. 

The sequence of courses leading to the two degrees prepares students to understand the 
intellectual approach of the research scholar through historic training and to meet those 
research needs through the information services offered in CLIS. The coordinated curricula 
provide four main options: 1) archives and records management; 2) curatorship of historical 
collections; 3) scholarly editing and publishing; and 4) reference research and bibliographic 
services. The 54 hours required for the degrees combine 24 hours in each component plus six 
elective hours. The M.A./M.L.S. is a non-thesis program, but students may choose to write a 
thesis when such research enhances their program. 

Admission Information 

Students must apply for admission to both the Department of History and CLIS under the 
rubric HILS (History-Library Science) and be admitted to both. Each has a coordinator who 
serves as a student adviser. Since many of these courses are offered in sequence, it is important 
for students to work closely with these advisers. The two degrees are awarded simultaneously, 
and a student who fails to complete the special requirements for the coordinated degree 
programs may not receive either degree. If students subsequently wish to receive only one 
degree, they must transfer from HILS either to the graduate program in History or to the 
College of Library and Information Services and fulfill the normal requirements for the 
separate master's degree. 



1 68 Horticulture Program (HORT) 



Financial Assistance 

A few teaching assistantships are available in the Department of History, and the College of 
Library and Information Services has some research assistantships and fellowship aid for 
students in this course of directed study. These are awarded on a competitive basis in both 
components. 

Additional Information 

Detailed information may be obtained by writing to the HILS Coordinators, in both the 
Department of History and the College of Library and Information Services. 

For courses, see code HIST, LBSC. 

Studies Leading to the Certificate in Historic Preservation 

(See entry after Certificate Programs) 



Horticulture Program (HORT) 

Acting Chair: Gouin 

Professors: Ng, Oliver, Quebedeaux, Solomos, Walsh 

Professor Emeritus: Link, Scott, Shanks, Stark, Thompson 

Associate Professors: Beste, Bouwkamp, Deitzer, McClurg, Pihlak, Schales, Scarfo, Swartz 

Assistant Professors: Hill, Hilsenrath 

Adjunct Professors: Gross, Tucker 

Lecturer: Mityga 

The Department of Horticulture offers graduate study leading to the Master of Science and 
Doctor of Philosophy degrees. Candidates place major emphasis in the areas of fruit, vegetable 
or ornamental crops, or environmental and landscape horticulture. Within these commodity 
areas students may direct their studies and research efforts to mineral nutrition, postharvest 
physiology, genetics and breeding, genetic engineering, chemical growth regulation, water 
relations, tissue culture, plant propagation, histochemistry, photoperiodism and other factors 
affecting production, postharvest handling and preservation of horticultural crops. The 
research activities required for the thesis or dissertation are normally carried out in conjunction 
with the research programs of the Departmental staff. 

The candidate's program may be directed toward a career in research, teaching, extension 
education or industry. Many recent graduates are currently involved in programs at major 
universities; others are teaching at the vocational agriculture and community college level. 
Still others are employed as county agents or specialists with the Cooperative Extension 
Service or work in research and development with the U.S. Government, private industry or 
international agriculture. 



Horticulture Program (HORT) 1 69 



Admission Information 

Students who sock admission should demonstrate undergraduate preparation in horticulture, 
botany, chemistry and supporting agricultural disciplines. Those without this background are- 
advised to enroll as undergraduate students to correct these deficiencies. The ( rraduate Record 
Examination is required. 

Master's Degree Requirements 

The M.S. degree program offers both a thesis and non-thesis option. A graduate student is 
assigned a temporary adviser upon admission and arrival. During the first semester the student 
will select a major adviser, and an advisory committee will be appointed. This committee will 
help the candidate develop a program of courses and research to meet his or her goals and 
aspirations. A comprehensive, oral examination is required for each candidate in the M.S. 
program. 

Doctoral Degree Requirements 

Students entering the doctoral program should have or plan on completing the M.S. degree 
in Horticulture, although presentation of the M.S. in a related plant science field may be 
acceptable. Candidates for the Ph.D. take an oral qualifying examination as well as a final oral 
exam covering the dissertation. 

Facilities and Special Resources 

The College Park campus offers modern laboratory and greenhouse facilities in which 
instrumentation provides for chromatography, spectrophotometry, elemental analysis, 
histology, biotechnology and other procedures. A system for automatically monitoring 
respiratory gases and volatiles is available in connection with controlled atmosphere 
chambers. Controlled-temperature storage and growth chambers provide facilities for 
postharvest and environmental control studies. A large tissue culture lab has been approved 
for transformation research in plants. Greenhouse and plot areas are available for research with 
floricultural and ornamental plants. Orchards for research with fruits are located at the Wye 
and Wesiern Maryland Research and Education Centers. Field research with vegetable crops 
is carried on at the Lower Eastern Shore Research and Education Center in Salisbury, and with 
fruit and vegetable crops at both the Wye Research and Education Center in Queenstown and 
the Central Maryland Research and Education Center in Upper Marlboro. 

The Beltsville Agricultural Research Center (ARS) of the U.S. Department of Agriculture, 
located three miles from the campus, provides opportunities to attend seminars, conferences 
and workshops, and to conduct cooperative research with USDA Beltsville ARS Center 
scientists. In addition, the National Agricultural Library at the Research Center is available to 
graduate students and faculty. 

Financial Assistance 

Some graduate students are supported with financial aid. Research and teaching 
assistantships are offered on a competitive basis to students on full admission status, as 



1 70 Human Development Education Program (EDHD) 



available. All graduate assistants are expected to assist in the teaching program of the 
Department, and those in the M.S. program will follow the thesis option. 

Additional Information 

For more specific information, please contact: 

Chair 

Department of Horticulture 

1 120 Holzapfel Hall 

University of Maryland 

College Park, MD 20742 

(301)405-4357 

For courses, see code HORT. 



Human Development Education Program (EDHD) 

Chair: Hardy 

Professors: Eliot, Fox, Guthrie, Hardy, Porges, Seefeldt, Torney-Purta 

Professors Emeriti: Bowie, Dittman, Goering, Hatfield, Morgan, Tyler 

Associate Professors: Bennett, Byrnes, Flatter, Gardner, Huebner, Marcus, Robertson- 

Tchabo, Wigfield 

Assistant Professors: Green, Metsala, Smith, Wentzel 

The purpose of the Department of Human Development/Institute for Child Study and of its 
graduate program is to contribute to basic knowledge, to the synthesis of knowledge, and to 
the integration of knowledge with practice and policy in the multidisciplinary field of human 
development and educational psychology. This includes the fields concerned with human 
psychobiological functioning, learning and cognitive behavior, socialization and social 
development, and the growth of personality through the life span. The areas of expertise of the 
faculty include infant and early childhood development, educational psychology, cognitive 
development and learning strategies, achievement motivation, socialization, cross-cultural 
studies, parenting, conflict resolution, and adult development and aging. In addition to the 
programs in Human Development, a specialization in Educational Psychology is available at 
Ihe doctoral level. 

The Department of Human Development/Institute for Child Study offers graduate programs 
leading to Master of Education, Master of Arts, Doctor of Philosophy, Doctor of Education 
degrees and Advanced Graduate Specialist Certificate (a planned program of 30 graduate 
hours beyond the master's degree). The research-oriented M.A. (with thesis) and the Ph.D. 
degree programs in human development are designed to develop competencies in the 
theoretical areas of biological, cognitive, social, and personality development studied within 
socio-cultural and educational contexts. The practice-oriented M.Ed., M.A. without thesis, 
and Ed.D. programs are designed to develop competencies in identifying implications of the 
scientific knowledge of human development for specific situations and contexts through 



Human Development Education Program (EDHD) 1 71 



training in design, management, deliver} and evaluation of human services programs. All 
degrees can be completed through part-time study. 

The program provides the scientific knowledge of human growth and development which 
prepares graduates for positions such as faculty in institutions of higher education (including 
community colleges and schools of nursing), human service specialists in community 
agencies, educational psychologists serving in schools and education agencies, and research- 
oriented professionals in private, policy, or advocacy organizations. 

Admission Information 

Admission to the master's program requires a 3.0 undergraduate grade point average and 
the submission of the Miller Analogies Test or Graduate Record Examination scores. Full 
admission to the Doctoral or A.G.S. program requires a 3.0 undergraduate grade point 
average; a 3.5 grade point average in previous graduate studies; and a score at the 40th 
percentile (or above) on the Miller Analogies Test or Graduate Record Examination. Three 
letters of reference and a statement of purpose must also be submitted. Because the doctorate 
requires the development of an advanced level of research skills, the majority of students 
admitted to the program have some previous background in social science research and 
standardized test scores (GRE or MAT) at or above the 70th percentile. Students who do not 
meet all requirements for doctoral admission may apply for the M.A. program and then apply 
for the doctoral program after completing required courses. 

Master's Degree Requirements 

The M.A. program requires 30 credit hours and offers both a thesis option (24 hours of 
courses plus 6 hours of thesis) and a non-thesis option (24 hours of courses plus 6 hours of 
supervised placement in an organization and accompanying papers). The M.Ed, program 
substitutes seminar papers for the thesis or placement requirement. Courses in biological, 
social, cognitive and personality development and in quantitative methods as well as a written 
comprehensive examination are required for all master's degrees. 

Doctoral Degree Requirements 

The Ph.D. and Ed.D. degrees require 90 hours of credit. Courses in biological, social, 
cognitive, and personality development and in intermediate statistics and research methods are 
required. There is a written 6-hour preliminary examination, usually given in the second or 
third year, and a comprehensive examination given near the end of the program. Following 
successful completion of core courses and the preliminary examination, a faculty committee 
approves the student's course program (including up to 30 hours of relevant course credit from 
a master's degree taken at the University of Maryland or other accredited institutions). The 
dissertation research must be summarized in a paper suitable for submission to a professional 
journal (Ph.D.) or conference (Ed.D.). 

Facilities and Special Resources 

The Washington. D.C.. area and the University of Maryland are rich in resources for 
graduate study in human development. The faculty of the Department is multi-disciplinan . 



1 72 Journalism Program (JOUR) 



representing the broad range of developmental sciences, educational psychology, and related 
fields. There are programs of funded research, field service programs, and internship 
experiences available in cooperation with agencies and schools. The Department manages the 
campus Center for Young Children, and has two major developmental assessment laboratories 
through which students gain first-hand experience in the assessment of infants and young 
children and in conducting studies in educational psychology. The College of Education 
provides resources including an Educational Technology Center. 

Financial Assistance 

Departmental students are supported on competitively awarded University-wide and special 
Department fellowships as well as on Departmental teaching and research assistantships. The 
Department participates fully in all programs to support graduate study by minority group 
members. All applications for financial assistance for the Fall semester should be submitted 
by February 1 . 

Additional Information 

A complete description of the Human Development program is available from: 

Director of Graduate Studies 
Department of Human Development 
University of Maryland 
College Park, MD 20742-1 131 
(301)405-2827 

For courses, see code EDHD. 



Journalism Program (JOUR) 

Dean: Cleghorn 

Assistant Deans: Callahan, Stewart 

Professors: Beasley. Blumler. Cleghorn, Gomery, J. Grunig. Gurevitch, Hiebert, Holman, 

Levy, Roberts 

Professors Emeriti: Crowell, Martin 

Associate Professors: Barkin, L. Grunig, Stepp. Paterson, Zanot 

Assistant Professors: Keenan, McAdams, Newhagen, Roche 

Lecturers: Fibich, Harvey 

The College of Journalism offers a Master of Arts in Journalism and a Doctor of Philosophy 
degree in Mass Communication. The master's degree is designed for students who wish to 
deepen their understanding of communication professions and their preparation for those 
professions. It thus includes advanced practical courses and courses in communication theory 
and research. M.A. students can specialize in public affairs reporting, public relations, 
broadcast journalism, advertising, and a program designed for returning journalists. 

The Ph.D. in the College of Journalism is a research oriented degree that prepares students 
for careers in university teaching, academic and industry research, and communications 



Journalism Program (JOUR) 1 73 



consulting. Doctoral students are expected to have some professional experience in journalism 
or other communication areas. 

Admission Information 

Applicants seeking admission to the master's program should hold a bachelor's degree from 
a recognized institution of higher learning. Undergraduate study of journalism and 
professional experience in journalistic fields are helpful but not required. Students who have 
majored in some other field as undergraduates are required to make up professional 
deficiencies by taking up to five selected courses in journalism without graduate credit. 
Completion of the general aptitude portion of the Graduate Record Examination is required, 
and three letters of recommendation must be submitted. 

Master's Degree Requirements 

The master's degree is a 30-credit program with the typical student taking 12 hours of 
graduate work in the fall, 12 hours in the spring, and six hours of thesis or non-thesis option 
seminars in the summer or during an additional semester. Work on the degree may be started 
at any time. JOUR 600 and JOUR 601 along with a course in the law of mass communication 
are required for the M.A. in Journalism. 

Doctoral Degree Requirements 

A master's degree in journalism, communication, or a related field is a prerequisite to 
admission to the Ph.D. program. In the doctoral program, students are required to take JOUR 
700 (Introduction to Doctoral Study), and JOUR 701 (Quantitative Methods in Journalism 
Research), at least nine hours of research methods, at least fifteen hours of journalism courses 
or courses in closely related fields, nine hours of cognate work, pass a preliminary 
comprehensive exam, and complete a dissertation. 

Facilities and Special Resources 

The University of Maryland is in an advantageous location for the study of journalism. It is 
within easy reach of five of the nation's top newspapers: The Sun and Evening Sun of 
Baltimore, The Washington Post, The Washington Times and USA Today. The Washington 
press corps and the large Washington bureaus of the Associated Press and United Press 
International, The New York Times and many important American and foreign newspapers 
are also near the campus. NBC, CBS, ABC and other broadcasting news bureaus, in addition 
to news magazines, major book publishing offices, public relations departments in 
corporations, government agencies, associations, scientific organizations, and public relations 
and advertising agencies provide unlimited opportunities to students in the jounalism program. 
In addition, the university is at the doorstep of the nation's major news makers in the 
executive, legislative and judicial branches of the federal government. The College has 
recently opened student-staffed news bureaus in Annapolis and Washington, D.C., from 
which graduate students cover the legislature and state government for Maryland newspapers 
and radio stations. 



174 Journalism Program (JOUR) 



Special facilities include electronic, broadcasting, and news editing laboratories as well as 
a reading room with daily and weekly newspapers, magazines, clippings and bulletin files. The 
College's Center for Research in Public Communication engages in and supports a variety of 
research projects on topics of interest to the faculty and the Center's research associates. 

The College of Journalism is home to centers and programs designed to help visiting 
professionals improve various aspects of journalism. The Knight Center for Specialized 
Journalism Established in 1988, the Knight Center for Specialized Journalism works to 
enhance the reporting of complex subjects by journalists with a serious commitment to 
specialization. The center conducts intensive courses given to journalists selected nationally 
for Knight Center Fellowships. The center's director is Howard Bray, a former journalist and 
author of Pillars of the Post, a book about the Graham family and The Washington Post. 

The Casey Journalism Center for Children and Families The Casey Journalism Center, 
funded by the Annie E. Casey Foundation and set up in April 1993, is a national resource for 
journalists who cover children and family issues. Its mission is to enhance reporting about the 
issues and institutions affecting disadvantaged children and their families and to increase 
public awareness about the concerns facing at-risk children. Cathy Trost, a former Wall Street 
Journal reporter who specialized in the coverage of children's issues, is director of the center. 

The American Journalism Center in Budapest The American Journalism Center in 
Budapest, started in 1991 and funded by the International Media Fund, assists the 
development of free and independent media in Hungary. In its first year, more than 400 
Hungarian journalists, academicians, students and government officials participated in the 
center's seminars and workshops. 

Hubert H. Humphrey Journalism Fellowship The Humphrey fellowship is a special one- 
year program that brings international journalists to the University of Maryland to study. 
Fellows seek to strengthen their management and leadership skills and make professional 
contacts. In the first year (1993-1994), 17 fellows from 17 countries enrolled in graduate-level 
courses at the university and a special weekly seminar taught by the program's coordinator, 
Professor Ray E. Hiebert. Former Associated Press and United Press International reporter 
Karen Lee Scrivo is the program's manager. 

The college also houses four major communications publications. 

American Journalism Review American Journalism Review, formerly Washington 
Journalism Review, is a national monthly magazine that monitors print and broadcast press 
performance. It was ranked highest among publications in its field for readership, quality and 
usefulness in a national survey of daily newspaper editors by the American Society of 
Newspaper Editors. The magazine was started in Washington in 1977 and was acquired by the 
College of Journalism in 1987. Dean Reese Cleghorn is president of AJR. 

Journal of Communication The Journal of Communication is a quarterly publication that 
focuses on professional and scholarly issues in communication theory, research, practice and 
policy. It is affiliated with the International Communication Association. The journal is edited 
by Professor Mark R. Levy. 



Kinesiology Program (KNES) 1 75 



Journal of Public Relations Research The Journal of Public Relations Research began in 
l l )N9 as the Public Relations Research Annual and was changed to a quarterly in 1 992. With 
a circulation of about 600, the Journal is produced for the Public Relations Division of the 
Association for Education in Journalism and Mass Communication and is geared to public 
relations professionals and academics. The Journal presents research that examines how to 
conduct public relations more effectively, how to provide scholarly criticism of public 
relations practice and how to improve the understanding of why organizations practice public 
relations as they do. Co-editors of the Journal are Professor James Grunig and Associate 
Professor Lauri Grunig. 

Public Relations Review Public Relations Review is the oldest professional journal in the 
field of public relations. It was founded and is still edited by Professor Ray Hiebert. The 
review is devoted to articles on public relations research by professionals and academics that 
examine public relations in depth. It is aimed primarily at academics and researchers, but is 
widely read by professionals in the field. 

Financial Assistance 

The College of Journalism offers a limited number of assistantships in exchange for 
teaching or research assistance in journalism of up to 20 hours per week. Internships both on 
and off campus are also available to journalism graduate students, as well as fellowships and 
scholarships. 

Additional Information 

Specific information about the Journalism Program is available on request from: 

College of Journalism 
Office of Graduate Studies 
University of Maryland 
College Park, MD 20742 
(301)405-2380 

For courses, see code JOUR. 



Kinesiology Program (KNES) 

Chair: Clarke 

Professors: Clarke, Dotson, Hult, Iso Ahola, Steel, Vaccaro 

Professors Emeriti: Eyler, Humphrey, Husman 

Associate Professors: Bond, Clark, Ennis, Hatfield, Hurley, Phillips, Santa Maria, Struna, 

Wrenn 

Assistant Professors: Arrighi, Chalip, Rogers, Ryder, Vander Velden 

Instructors: Brown, Scott 

The Department of Kinesiology offers programs leading to the Master of Arts and Doctor 
of Philosophy degrees with special emphasis in exercise science, movement science, sport 
studies and pedagogy. Each of these cognate areas in turn, has research specializations in 



1 76 Kinesiology Program (KNES) 



which students concentrate: Exercise sciences (exercise physiology), movement sciences 
(biomechanics, motor development, motor learning), sport studies (sport psychology, 
sociology of sport, social history of sport, philosophy of sport, sport management), pedagogy 
(curriculum/instruction). 

Admission Information 

Qualified students, with a 3.0 GPA for MA applicants or 3.5 GPA for Ph.D. applicants, 
satisfactory GRE's, a focused letter detailing academic goals, and strong recommendations, 
are eligible for either the MA (thesis and non-thesis option) or Ph.D. programs. Students 
accepted into the graduate program must have completed, as a minimum, a core of five courses 
consisting of physiology of exercise, biomechanics of sports, inferential statistics, and two 
courses supporting the selected area of specialization. Students may be admitted without 
completion of the core courses upon strong recommendation by the graduate faculty but must 
complete the requisite courses early in their programs. 

Master's Degree Requirements 

Completion of the master's degree with thesis requires a minimum of 24 semester hours, 
exclusive of the thesis credits. The program of study must include a minimum of six semester 
hours in a specialty area, six semester hours in research processes and inferential statistics, and 
up to twelve elective credits supporting the specialty area taken within or outside the 
department. 

Students who choose the non-thesis option must complete a minimum of 27 semester hours, 
a three credit hour non-thesis project and a final comprehensive examination. The program of 
study must satisfy the same minimums as outlined for the thesis option. The non-thesis project 
must be based on an independent scholarly investigation under the direction of the graduate 
advisor. 

Doctoral Degree Requirements 

The Ph.D. program is designed to prepare outstanding scholars in a specialty area of 
Kinesiology. To complete the program, a student must provide substantial evidence of his/her 
ability to frame and complete original research. Ph.D. students work closely with faculty 
mentors, therefore, in addition to the admission requirements listed above, the Ph.D. candidate 
must have a graduate faculty sponsor to be admitted. 

A minimum of 48 credit hours plus the dissertation, beyond the master's degree is required. 
A doctoral student's program of study incorporates courses and other experiences significant 
to the culture of scholarship including the pursuit of independent research. The program of 
study includes course work in a specialty area, course work outside the specialty area that 
provides important knowledges supporting the specialty area, course work providing 
competencies in the research process, and research experiences. The dissertation is the 
culminating research experience and is expected to make a distinct contribution to knowledge 
in Kinesiology. 



Library and Information Services Program (LBSC) 1 77 



Facilities and Special Resources 

The department maintains modern research laboratories supporting original investigations 
into psychophysiological influences in exercise and sport; graphical analysis and modeling of 
human movement; learning and developmental influences on motor performance; body 
composition, blood constituent variations, cardiorespiratory functions and environmental 
factors. In addition, the examination of the influence of curriculum design on the teaching/ 
learning process is supported. The College of Health and Human Performance also supports a 
microcomputer laboratory that includes two local networks (IBM and Macintosh), the 
mainframe network and electronic mail. Numerous IBM (20) & MACINTOSH (20) work 
stations are housed with this laboratory. Other facilities include the college Wellness Research 
Laboratory dedicated to improving the health of all state employees and designed to 
supplement existing wellness initiatives of various state agencies, and the survey research lab 
in the Center on Aging. 

The University supports McKeldin Library (graduate) and specialized libraries on campus 
with extensive holdings and on-line retrieval systems to the National Library of Medicine and 
the Library of Congress. In addition, sport studies students are supported by reknown libraries 
and archives, such as, the National Archives, Smithsonian Institution, and the research center 
of the National Institutes of Health. The developing archives of the American Alliance for 
Health, Physical Education, Recreation and Dance are in Reston, VA and campus libraries 
have special collections including the archives of the Association of Intercollegiate Athletics 
for Women ( AIAW). The Washington Metropolitan Area also offers close proximity to major 
sport organizations and professional teams. 

Financial Assistance 

A number of teaching and laboratory assistantships are offered each academic year. 

Additional Information 

For further information and application, contact: 

Director of Graduate Studies 
Department of Kinesiology 
University of Maryland 
College Park, MD 20742 
(301)405-2455 

For courses, see code KNES. 

Library and Information Services Program (LBSC) 

Dean: Prentice 

Professors: Burke, Liesener, MacLeod, Soergel, Walston, Wasserman 

Professors Emeriti: Kidd, Wellisch 

Associate Professors: Marchionini, Neuman. White 

Assistant Professors: Abels, Dick, Green. Pettit 

Lecturers: Barlow, Wilson 



1 78 Library and Information Services Program (LBSC) 



The College of Library and Information Services offers programs leading to the Master of 
Library Science (M.L.S.) degree and the Ph.D. in Library and Information Services; a joint 
degree of the M.A. in History and the M.L.S. for advanced studies in the field of archives, 
manuscripts and historical collections (for details see the entry in this catalog following 
History); and a joint degree of the M.A. in Geography and the M.L.S. (for details see the entry 
in this catalog under Geography). The College, which is fully accredited by the American 
Library Association, also provides courses, seminars and workshops for non-degree students 
who are seeking continuing education and professional development opportunities. 

The degree programs emphasize the theoretical and conceptual foundations of the field. The 
application of the results of scholarly research are related to current practices and are analyzed 
with the goal of advancing the quality and scope of services in a variety of information 
settings. Specialized study opportunities are offered in such information organizations as 
public, academic, special and school libraries, and/or in subfields such as automated 
applications, reference services (conventional and online), archival and records management, 
the organization of knowledge, and information storage and retrieval. Students who complete 
the school media specialization usually obtain Maryland state certification as Educational 
Media Generalists, Level II. The academic program can be augmented with professional, 
supervised experience through a field study at approved sites such as federal agencies, public 
libraries, schools, corporations, and professional associations. 

Admission Information 

Applicants must submit scores for the Graduate Record Exam and letters of 
recommendation. The applicant's undergraduate record, major discipline, work experience 
and statement of purpose are also required to form the basis for the admission decision. 

Master's Degree Requirements 

Master's candidates must complete 36 credit hours with a 3.0 grade point average within 
three years from initial registration in the program. No thesis or comprehensive examination 
is required for the M.L.S. All students must complete four core courses (600, 61 1, 603, or 630; 
651; 671; and 690 or 691) which introduce the student to the broad range of disciplines 
fundamental to library science. Under the supervision of a faculty adviser, the remaining eight 
courses are selected to fulfill the student's professional goals. The student may, with the 
consent of the adviser, take courses in other campus departments and through the consortium. 
The program accepts both part-time and full-time students. Most M.L.S. courses are offered 
at night on a regular rotation. 

Doctoral Degree Requirements 

The doctoral program is interdisciplinary and utilizes the resources of the entire campus. 
The student and adviser design a program of study and research that supports the student's 
professional objectives. Approximately three years of full-time study are required, normally 
divided into two years of formal coursework (60 semester hours, or 36 beyond the master's) 
and one year of work on the dissertation. At least one year, usually the first, must be spent in 
full-time residence. 



Linguistics Program (LING) 1 79 



A doctoral qualifying examination is required at the conclusion of the first year to determine 
the student's ability to complete the program. After completion of the required course credits 
and prior to admission to candidacy, the student must pass written comprehensive 
examinations in five areas. An oral defense of the dissertation is required prior to the awarding 
of the degree. 

The College has no language requirements unless the individual student's specialization or 
dissertation requires it. 

Facilities and Special Resources 

The College maintains its own library, which is organized to give faculty, students and 
research staff the kind of modern support service provided by other forward-looking agencies. 
The University's excellent Computer Science facility and the College's Information 
Processing Laboratory serve as resources for faculty and student research as well as for 
instruction in library automation and information processing within both main-frame and 
microcomputing environments. The Instructional Development and Support Center, a non- 
print media facility, provides a lab for audiovisual production. 

Financial Assistance 

The College offers a limited number of scholarships, fellowships, and assistantships both on 
and off campus. Through the Southern Regional Educational Board, in-state tuition fees for 
the Ph.D. program may be available for students from Alabama, Mississippi, South Carolina, 
Virginia and West Virginia. Information on the availability of financial aid may be requested 
from the Director of Student Services, College of Library and Information Services. 

Additional Information 

For specific information on the library science programs, admission procedures or financial 
aid, contact: 

Assistant Dean 
Student Services Office 
Room 4110, Hornbake Library 
University of Maryland 
College Park, MD 20742-4345 
(301)405-2038 

For courses, see code LBSC. 



Linguistics Program (LING) 

Professor and Chair: Lightfoot 

Associate Professor: Hornstein, Weinberg 

Assistant Professors: Lebeaux, Lombardi. Uriagereka 

Adjunct Professors: Anderson. Berndt, Brent, Burzio. Lombardi, Zanuttini 



1 80 Linguistics Program (LING) 



The Linguistics Department offers graduate study leading to the Master of Arts and Doctor 
of Philosophy degrees. Students are exposed to a research enterprise that seeks to discover of 
what a person's linguistic capacity consists: how it arises in children; how it functions in 
speaking and listening; how it relates to other cognitive capacities; and how it can be 
investigated by various methods including those of experimental psychology and computer 
science. 

The program has some distinctive emphases: 1) Students must develop a minor area of 
specialization. 2) The psychological embedding of linguistic theories and on cross-language 
work are emphasized. 3) Special provisions are made for students who start graduate work 
with a thorough background in linguistics and clear ideas about their research plans. 4) The 
Department desires students who are native speakers of a language that has not been 
extensively analyzed and who wish to work on a grammar of that language. 

Admission Information 

Students with a strong undergraduate background in areas such as linguistics, mathematics, 
psychology, computer science, philosophy, anthropology, English and foreign languages are 
invited to apply. Students must have a background equivalent to what is covered in the core of 
the bachelor's degree in Linguistics (essentially two semesters of generative syntax and two 
semesters of phonology). Students who lack this background may be admitted with 
"Provisional Graduate Status" and take undergraduate courses in syntax and phonology along 
with graduate-level courses for which they meet the prerequisites. 

Master's Degree Requirements 

M.A. students take a total of 36 credits: 21 credits in linguistics and nine credits in an area 
such as biology, computer science, language pathology, philosophy, psychology or a 
particular language for the minor area of specialization. In addition, either a thesis or two 
comprehensive papers in distinct areas of language study will be written. 

Doctoral Degree Requirements 

Ph.D. students normally satisfy the requirements for the M.A., although the thesis/two 
comprehensive papers may be waived for students who have clear research plans and who 
apply directly to the Ph.D. program. Students must complete 12 credits in linguistics at the 
800-level and six 600-level credits in non-LING courses. After completing course 
requirements, students write a research paper that demonstrates a capacity for productive 
research, makes an original contribution to the field and normally forms the basis for the 
dissertation research. After satisfactory completion of the research paper, students write a 
dissertation. 

Facilities and Special Resources 

The Department houses a new phonetics laboratory and the Linguistics Research 
Laboratory for work in experimental psycholinguistics and computational linguistics. 



Marine-Estuarine-Environmental Sciences Graduate Program (MEES) 181 



Financial Assistance 

The Linguistics Department administers a number of teaching and research assistantships. 

Students may also express an interest in teaching assistantships in other departments for which 
our students often compete successfully. 

Additional Information 

Application materials and a brochure outlining further details of the program can be 
obtained from: 

Chair 

Department of Linguistics 

University of Maryland 

College Park, MD 20742 

(301)405-7002 

For courses, see code LING. 



Marine-Estuarine-Environmental Sciences Graduate Program (MEES) 

Director: Sebens 

Faculty: Angle, Brown, Carton, Colwell, Davis, Dietz, Hao, Helz, Hill, Inouye, Kangas, 
Kearney. Kuenzel. Leatherman, Lichtenberg, Mcintosh, Mench. Mulchi, Nelson, Nicholls, 
Ottinger, Palmer, Ponnamperuma, Prestegaard, Reaka-Kudla, Ridky, Russek-Cohen, Sebens, 
Shirmohammadi. Small, Soares, Strand, Weiner, Weismiller (UMCP); Belas, Cardillina, 
Chen, Fletcher, Hill, Jagus, Place, Robb, Schreier, Sowers, Vasta, Walch, Zohar (MBL 
COMB); Boesch, Boicourt, Chai, Chao, Cornwell, Ducklow, Fisher, Glibert, Harrell, Hocutt. 
Kana, Kemp, Kennedy, Malone, Newell, Pemberton, Purcell, Roman, Sampou, Sanford. 
Stevenson, Stoecker, Van Heukelem (UMCEES, HPEL); Anderson, Baker, Boynton, Brandt. 
Capone, Costanza, D'Elia, Dawson, Harvey, Houde, King, Mihursky, Rice, Roesijadi, 
Rothschild, Tenore, Tsai, Tuttle, Ulanowicz, Wright (UMCEES,CBL); Gates, Genys. 
Harman, Hoogland, McKaye, Morgan, Seagle, Van den Berghe (UMCEES, AEL); Adams, 
Ahmad. Albano, Bashore, Bass, Brooks, Counts, Dodoo, French, Gupta, Handwerker, Harter- 
Dennis, Jesien, Joshi, Loshon, Nzeogwu, Okoh, Pinion, Rebach, Singh (UMES); Burnett, 
Jones, Kane, May, Nauman, Reimschuessel, Speedie, Williams (UMAB); Bradley, Bush. 
Cronin, Provine (UMBC) 

The specific objective of the university-wide Graduate Program in Marine-Estuarine- 
Environmental Sciences (MEES) is the training of qualified graduate students, working 
toward the M.S. or Ph.D. degree, who have research interests in fields of study that involve 
interactions between biological, physical and chemical systems in the marine, estuarine, fresh 
water or terrestrial environments. The program comprises six areas of specialization: 
Oceanography, Environmental Chemistry, Ecology, Environmental Molecular Biology/ 
Biotechnology, Fisheries Science, and Environmental Science (which includes management, 
policy, and economics). Students work with their Research Advisory Committee to develop a 
customized course of study based on research interests and previous experience. 



1 82 Marine-Estuarine-Environmental Sciences Graduate Program (MEES) 



Admission Information 

Applications for admission in the fall semester should be filed by March 1; if financial 
assistance is needed, it is better to apply by February 1 . Some students will be admitted for the 
semester starting in January, for which the deadline is November 1 . Applicants must submit 
an official application to the University of Maryland Graduate School, along with official 
transcripts of all previous collegiate work, three letters of recommendation, and scores on the 
General Test (aptitude) of the Graduate Record Examinations. It is particularly important that 
a student articulate clearly, in the application, a statement of goals and objectives for future 
work in the field. Because of the interdisciplinary and interdepartmental nature of the program, 
only students for whom a specific advisor is identified in advance can be admitted. Prior 
communication with the chairpersons or faculty in your choice area of specialization is highly 
encouraged. 

Master's Degree Requirements 

Course Work: a) A minimum of 30 credits with 24 credits of course work and 6 credits of 
graduate research. Of the 24 course credits, 12 of them must be at the 600 level or higher; b) 
One seminar course (MEES 608 or equivalent) must be taken for each year in residence (on 
average); c) One approved Statistics course (400 level or higher); d) One graduate course 
representing significant interdisciplinary breadth, preferably outside the student's 
specialization; e) One course or seminar in Environmental Management (a 3-4 cr. course can 
statisfy d above). 

Proposal Defense: An Oral Defense of the Thesis, administered according to Graduate 
School regulations, will take place at the completion of the research project. This defense will 
be conducted by the Research Advisory Committee and will be administered once all other 
degree requirements have been fulfilled. 

Doctoral Degree Requirements 

Course Work: a) The student must complete a minimum of 36 credits, with at least 24 credits 
of course work and 12 credits of dissertation research. Twelve credits of course work must be 
at the 600 level or above. Course work completed to fulfill a U.M. Master's degree can be 
applied against this requirement; b) One seminar course (MEES 608 or equivalent) is required 
for each year in residence (on average); c) One approved Statistics course (600 level or 
higher); d) One graduate course representing significant interdisciplinary breadth, preferably 
outside the student's specialization; e) One course or seminar in Environmental Management 
(a course can satisfy d). 

Examinations: Formal applications for advancement to candidacy for the doctoral degree 
requires successful completion of both a Comprehensive Examination and an oral Defense of 
the Dissertation Proposal. The Comprehensive Examination must be passed before the student 
can defend the Dissertation Proposal. 

Research Facilities and Special Resources 

Students may conduct their research in the laboratories and facilities of the College Park 
(UMCP), Baltimore City (UMAB), Baltimore County (UMBC), or Eastern Shore (UMES) 



Mathematical Statistics Program (STAT) 1 83 



campuses or m one o\ the laboratories oi the t niversity's (enter for Environmental and 
Estuarine Studies: Chesapeake Biological Laboratory (CBL) at Solomons, Maryland; the 
Horn Point Environmental Laboratory (HPEL) near Cambridge, Maryland; and the 

Appalachian Environmental Laboratory (AEL) in Frostburg, Maryland; or at the (enter oi 
Marine Biotechnology (COMB) in Baltimore. CBL and HPEL are located on the Chesapeake 
Bay. They include excellent facilities lor the culture of marine and estuarine organisms. 
Berthed at CBL are the University's research vessels, which range from the 65-foot Aquarius 
and 52-foot Orion to a variety of smaller vessels for various specialized uses. At HPEL there 
are extensive marshes, intertidal areas, oyster shoals, tidal creeks, and rock jetties. AEL. 
located in the mountains of western Maryland, specializes in terrestrial and freshwater 
ecology. 

On the campuses and at COMB in Baltimore are specialized laboratory facilities for 
environmental researcn, including microbiology; biotechnology; water chemistry; cellular, 
molecular, and organismal biology; and specialized facilities for remote sensing of the 
environment. Extensive field sites for environmental research are available through the 
University's agricultural programs and through cooperation with many other organizations in 
the state. 

Financial Aid 

University fellowships, research assistantships and traineeships, and teaching assistantships 
are available. In general, aid provides for full living and educational expenses. Some partial 
assistance may also be available. Research support from federal, state, and private sources 
often provides opportunities for additional student support through either research 
assistantships or part-time employment on research projects. 



Correspondence and Information 

Dr. Kenneth P. Sebens, Director 
MEES Graduate Program Office 
0220 Symons Hall 
University of Maryland 
College Park, MD 20742-5571 
(301)405-6938 



Mathematical Statistics Program (STAT) 

Director: Mikulski 

Professors: Freidlin, Kagan, Kedem, Mikulski, Slud, Syski, Yang 

Associate Professors: Lee, Smith 

The Statistics Program offers the Master of Arts and Doctor of Philosophy degrees for 
graduate study and research in statistics and probability. Areas of faculty research activity 
include statistical decision and estimation theory, biostatistics, stochastic modeling, robust 
and nonparametric inference, analysis of variance, theory and inference for stochastic 
processes, stochastic analysis and time series. Students may concentrate in applied or 



1 84 Mathematical Statistics Program (STAT) 



theoretical statistics by selecting an appropriate sequence of courses and a research area to 
form an individual plan of study. The Program has been designed with sufficient flexibility to 
accommodate the student's background and interests. The Program also offers students from 
other disciplines an opportunity to select a variety of statistics courses to supplement their own 
study. 

The Program is administratively affiliated with the Department of Mathematics, which 
maintains the records of all students in the Mathematical Statistics Program and handles 
correspondence with those applying for admission. However, any application for admission 
must indicate clearly that the student wishes to enter the Statistics Program. 

Employment prospects for statisticians are good. All recent M.A. and Ph.D. graduates of 
Maryland's STAT Program have found jobs in academia, government, and private industry. 

Admission Information 

In addition to the Graduate School requirements, applicants with at least a B average (3.0 
on a 4.0 scale) should have completed an undergraduate program of study that included a 
strong emphasis on rigorous mathematics or statistics. Mathematical preparation at least 
through the level of advanced calculus will normally be considered sufficient demonstration 
of the expected mathematical background. In special cases, students may be provisionally 
admitted without having fulfilled the general admission requirements if he/she can 
demonstrate potential success in the Program through other criteria. The Graduate Record 
Examination is not required for admission, but applicants who have taken this examination are 
required to supply their score. 

Master's Degree Requirements 

The M.A. degree program offers both a thesis and non-thesis option. For the non-thesis 
option, a student must complete 30 credit hours with at least a B average; at least 18 of these 
credits must be at the graduate level (600/700 level) and at least 12 of the graduate credits must 
be in statistics. The student must also pass the Mathematics Department written examination 
in probability, mathematical statistics and one more area, such as applied statistics or any field 
of mathematics. The student may take either the separate M.A. written examination or the 
Ph.D. written examination, which requires a lower score to pass. These examinations can be 
taken only twice. However, any attempt during the first two years of graduate work is 
considered a "free try." The student must also submit a satisfactory short scholarly paper. 

For the thesis option, a student must: ( 1 ) complete 24 credit hours with at least 1 5 at the 600/ 
700 level (of these 15 hours, at least 12 hours must be in statistics); (2) maintain an average 
grade of B or better; (3) take six hours of STAT 799 (Research) in addition to ( 1 ); (4) write a 
satisfactory thesis; and (5) pass a final oral examination. There is no foreign language 
requirement for M.A. students. 

Doctoral Degree Requirements 

The M.A. degree is not required for admission to the Ph.D. program. A doctoral student 
must complete a minimum of 36 hours of formal courses (at least 27 at the 600/700 level) with 



Mathematical Statistics Program (STAT) 1 85 



an average of B or bettor: at least IS of the graduate credits must be taken in statistics. In 
addition, the university requires at least I 2 hours of STAT 899 (Doctoral Research). 

The Ph.D. student must lake a written examination in probability, statistics and any third 
field of mathematics. Like the M.A. degree, the written examination can be taken only twice. 
but any attempt during the first two years of graduate work is considered a "free try." The 
written examination is given by the Mathematics Department twice a year in January and 
August. 

If successful in this written examination, the student must pass an oral examination. 
Administered by the statistics faculty, the oral examination usually takes place a year after the 
student passes the written examination. This examination serves as a test of the student's in- 
depth preparation in the area of specialization and his or her research potential. Successful 
completion of the oral exam indicates that the student is ready to begin writing the doctoral 
dissertation. In addition, the Department requires a reading competence in two foreign 
languages for the Ph.D. The student may select any two of three languages: French. German 
or Russian. Administered and graded by the Mathematics Department, the language 
examination consists of translating foreign mathematical texts into competent English. 

To be admitted to candidacy, the Ph.D. student must pass the written examination, the oral 
examination and at least one of the two language examinations. The second language 
examination must be completed before the candidate's final oral examination on the 
dissertation. 

Facilities and Special Resources 

The Program cooperates closely with the Mathematics Department and the Interdisciplinary' 
Applied Mathematics Program. The Program's faculty are actively involved in research in 
applied and theoretical areas of statistics and maintain close ties with applied scientists in 
several federal agencies. The Program, jointly with the Computer Science Center, runs a 
Statistical Laboratory which provides statistical expertise to researchers, both on and off 
campus. 

The Program regularly sponsors two seminars, one on statistics and probability and one on 
stochastic processes. In addition, each term a faculty-student workshop covers a topic of 
current statistical interest. 

By scheduling many of its applied and masters level courses in late-afternoon time slots, the 
Program facilitates and invites part-time graduate study. 

Financial Assistance 

Graduate assistantships are awarded to graduate students in the Statistics Program through 
the Mathematics Department. At present. Statistics students hold approximately 8 out of 74 
assistantships within the Mathematics Department. The teaching load is six hours each 
semester, in addition to the duties of meeting with students and grading papers. A number of 
fellowships and research assistantships are also available, and from time to time advanced 
students are placed into research assistantships as data analysts or statistical consultants with 



1 86 Mathematics Program (MATH) 



other campus units such as the Statistics Laboratory, run jointly by the Statistics Program and 
the Computer Science Center. 

Additional Information 

In addition to brochures and publications of the Mathematics Department, which include 
information about Statistics faculty and graduate courses, the Statistics Program offers a 
brochure, "Educational Policies of the Mathematical Statistics Program." 

For more information, contact: 

Director 

Statistics Program 

1 105 Mathematics Building 

University of Maryland 

College Park, MD 20782 

(301)405-5061 

For courses, see code STAT. 



Mathematics Program (MATH) 

Chair: Johnson 

Professors: W. Adams, Alexander, Antman, Auslander, Babuska 1 , Benedetto, Berenstein, 

Boyle, Brin, Chu, Cohen, Cook, Cooper, Ellis, Fey 2 , Fitzpatrick, Freidlin, Glaz, Goldberg. 

Goldman, Gray, Grebogi 1 - 3 - Green, Greenberg, Grillakis, Gromov, Grove, Gulick, Hamilton, 

Herb, Herman, Horvath, Johnson, Kagan, Kedem, Kellogg 1 , King, Kirwan, Kleppner, Kudla. 

Kueker, Lay, Lipsman, Lopez-Escobar, Maddocks, Markley, Mikulski, Millson, Neri, 

Osbom, Owings, Rohrlich, Rosenberg, Rudolph, Schafer, Slud, Sweet, Syski, Washington, 

Wolfe, Wolpert, Yakobson, Yang, Yorke 1 , Zedek 

Associate Professors: J. Adams, Berg, Chang, Coombes, Dancis, Efrat. Helzer, Lee, Li. 

Nochetto, Pego, Sather, Schneider, Smith, Warner, Winkelnkemper 

Assistant Professors: Currier, Iozzi, Laskowski, Stuck, von Petersdorff, Wu 

Adjunct Professors: Rinzel, Shanks 

'Joint appointment with the Institute for Physical Science and Technology 

2 Joint appointment with Secondary Education 

Uoint appointment with Laboratory for Plasma Research 

Three programs currently comprise the Mathematics Department: the Mathematics Program 
(MATH), the Interdisciplinary Applied Mathematics Program (MAPL), and the Mathematical 
Statistics Program (STAT). Students applying for admission should use the appropriate 
symbol to indicate their program of interest. The Statistics Program is concerned with 
mathematical statistics and probability. The Interdisciplinary Applied Mathematics Program 
is described in detail elsewhere in this catalog, but, as its name implies, is concerned with the 
interaction between mathematics and applied areas. It is directed by the Graduate Applied 
Mathematics Committee but administered by the Mathematics Department. 



Mathematics Program (MATH) 1 87 



Students can earn Master of Arts and Doctor of Philosophy degrees in each of these 
programs. The master's degree is not required lor entrance to the Ph.D. program. 

The Department oilers graduate programs in algebra, complex analysis, dynamical systems 
and chaos, geometry, mathematical logic, number theory, numerical analysis, ordinary 
differential equations, partial differential equations, probability, real and functional analysis. 
representation theory, statistics and topology. 

Admission Information 

Admission is granted to applicants who show promise in mathematics as demonstrated by 
their undergraduate record. Unless courses in advanced calculus and (undergraduate) abstract 
algebra have been taken, admission may be on a provisional basis (passing MATH 410 and/ 
or 403 with a grade of B). The Graduate Record Examination is not required for admission, 
but applicants who have taken this examination are required to supply their score. 

Master's Degree Requirements 

The M.A. degree program offers both a thesis and non-thesis option; most students choose 
the latter. The non-thesis option requires students to take 30 credit hours with an average of at 
least a B. At least 18 credits must be at the 600/700 level, including at least 12 hours in 
mathematics. Additionally, students must complete two full-year sequences at the 600/700 
level, pass the Departmental written examinations in three mathematical fields and write a 
scholarly paper. 

Students may take separate M.A. written examinations or take the Ph.D. version and receive 
a master's level pass. These examinations can be taken only twice, but any attempt during the 
first two years of graduate work is considered a "free try." The M.A. degree includes no 
foreign language requirement. Generally it takes two to three years to earn the M.A., and 
approximately 20 degrees are granted each year in mathematics (MATH, STAT, and MAPL 
combined). 

Doctoral Degree Requirements 

The Ph.D. program does not require an M.A. degree, but applicants who are accepted should 
show, on the basis of their undergraduate record and recommendations, that they possess not 
only marked promise in mathematical activities but the potential to perform on a creative level. 
Like the M.A. program, admission may be granted on a provisional basis. 

Students in the Ph.D. program must complete a minimum of 36 hours of formal coursework 
(at least 27 at the 600/700 level) with an average grade of B or better; at least 1 8 hours must 
be taken in the Department of Mathematics. In addition, the university requires at least 12 
hours of MATH 899 (Doctoral Research). 

Ph.D. students must take a set of three written examinations in three mathematical fields. 
These examinations can be taken only twice, but an attempt during the first two years of 
graduate study constitutes a "free try." These examinations are given twice a year in January 
and August. If successful in these written examinations, students must satisfy the particular 
requirements of the field committee governing their special area of interest before they can be 



1 88 Mathematics Program (MATH) 



admitted to candidacy and begin thesis research. The dissertation must represent an original 
contribution to mathematical knowledge and is usually published in a mathematical journal. 

The average Ph.D. student will spend five years of graduate study before obtaining the 
degree. The combined programs of mathematics, applied mathematics and statistics award an 
average of 18 Ph.D.s each year. 

The Ph.D. program has two foreign language requirements. Before the student can be 
admitted to candidacy, he or she must pass a written examination in either French. German or 
Russian. The second language examination must be completed before the candidate's final 
oral examination on the dissertation. Both language examinations are composed and graded 
within the Department and involve translating a passage from a mathematical text into 
competent English. 

Facilities and Special Resources 

The Department is actively involved in research in a number of areas, strengthened further 
by a complement of mathematicians from the Institute for Physical Science and Technology. 
The Department fosters a lively program of seminars and colloquia: about half of these talks 
are given by outside specialists. 

In addition the department has a tradition of hosting distinguished long term visitors who 
give series of seminar talks or teach semester long courses. Recent visitors have included F. 
Bogomolov. H. Furstenberg. I. Gohberg, and S. Novikov. 

The Engineering and Physical Sciences Library is located on the ground floor of the 
Mathematics Building and contains more than 95.000 volumes in mathematics, physics and 
engineering, and more than 280 journals in pure and applied mathematics. The Library of 
Congress, with its extensive collection of books and technical reports, is only a half hour from 
campus. 

The Department cooperates closely with the Institute for Physical Science and Technology 
and with the Department of Computer Science. Faculty members of both groups offer courses 
in the Department, and the facilities of the computer center are available to serve the research 
needs of both faculty and graduate students. Members of the Department participate actively 
in the Interdisciplinary Applied Mathematics Program, and they also staff the Mathematical 
Statistics Program. 

Financial Assistance 

The Department is able to offer graduate assistantships to approximately 90 graduate 
students. The normal teaching load is four to six hours per week of classroom teaching in 
addition to the duties of meeting with students and grading papers. A number of fellowships 
and research assistantships are also available. 

Additional Information 

Special brochures and publications offered by the Department are: "Mathematics at 
Maryland, the Graduate Program." •"Departmental Policies Concerning Graduate Students.'" 



Measurement, Statistics, and Evaluation Program (EDMS) 1 89 



iinci "Graduate Course Descriptions." For questions regarding Departmental programs, 
admission procedures, and financial aid, contact: 



Ms. Amelia J. Stengel 
Department of Mathematics 
I I 1 2 Mathematics Building 
University of Maryland 
College Park, MD 20742 
(301)405-5058 

For courses, see code MATH. 



Measurement, Statistics, and Evaluation Program (EDMS) 

Chair: Lissitz 

Professors: Dayton, Lissitz, Macready, 

Emeritus: Stunkard 

Associate Professors: Johnson, Schafer, De Ayala 

Assistant Professor: Gold, Tarn 

The Department of Measurement, Statistics, and Evaluation offers graduate study leading 
to both the Master of Arts and Doctor of Philosophy degrees for students with interests in 
research methods and their applications. A doctoral minor for Ph.D. students in other 
programs is also offered. The three areas of specialization available for doctoral students are 
applied statistics, evaluation, and measurement theory. 

Admission Information 

In addition to Graduate School requirements, admission decisions are based on quality of 
previous undergraduate and graduate work, strength of letters of recommendation from 
persons competent to judge the applicant's likelihood of success in graduate school, scores on 
the Graduate Record Examination, and the applicant's statement of academic and career 
objectives in relation to the program of study to be pursued. Students who seek admission 
should display evidence of above average aptitude and interest in quantitative methods. An 
applicant who does not meet the Graduate School minimum of a B average may be 
provisionally admitted if resources allow and if other evidence indicates a strong likelihood of 
success. Programs of study may be designed to meet the individual needs of both full-time and 
part-time students since many courses are offered in the late afternoon or evening. 

Master's Degree Requirements 

The M. A. degree program requires a minimum of 30 credit hours. Both thesis and non-thesis 
options are available. A written comprehensive examination is required for both options and 
a research paper is required for the non-thesis option. The Department does not offer the M.Ed, 
degree. 



1 90 Measurement, Statistics, and Evaluation Program (EDMS) 



Doctoral Degree Requirements 

Doctoral students are required to select a specialization in either applied statistics, 
evaluation, or measurement theory. The Ph.D. program requires both preliminary and 
comprehensive written examinations; the comprehensive examination is designed to reflect 
the student's specialization. A minimum of 30 credit hours, including dissertation credit, must 
be taken following admission. Programs of study must include at least twenty-one credit hours 
of coursework in related fields that support the student's specialization. All students are 
expected to engage in research. The Department does not offer the Ed.D. degree. 

The doctoral minor provides advanced training in quantitative methods for students 
majoring in other programs and requires a minimum of 30 graduate credit hours including 
EDMS 623, 645, 646, 651, and 771. Preliminary and comprehensive examinations are 
required. 

Facilities and Special Resources 

The Department maintains microcomputer equipment with up-to-date software packages, 
and access to campus mainframe computers is available. The faculty are actively engaged in 
a large variety of basic and applied research projects and students are encouraged to become 
involved in these activities. The Washington and Baltimore areas have numerous 
organizations that provide opportunities to become involved in projects that have national 
importance; supervised internships are also available. 

Financial Assistance 

Some graduate assistantships and other funds are available, particularly following the first 
year in the program. The Department can usually aid students in locating part-time 
employment opportunities, both on and off campus. 

Additional Information 

For additional information and a Department brochure, please write to: 

Dr. Robert W. Lissitz, Chairperson 

Department of Measurement, Statistics, and Evaluation 

College of Education 

University of Maryland 

College Park, MD 20742-1 1 15 

(301)405-3624 

For courses, see code EDMS. 



Mechanical Engineering Program (ENME) 191 



Mechanical Engineering Program (ENME) 

("hair: Anaiul 

Associate Chairs: Wallace (Graduate Studies), Walston (Undergraduate Studies) 

Professors: Anaiul. Armstrong. Barker. Berger, Christou, Cunniff, Dally. Dieter. Fourney. 

Gupta, Holloway, Irwin. Kirk. Magrab, Marcinkowski, Sanford, Talaat, Tsai, Wallace. Yang 

Professor Emeriti: Allen, Buckley, Marks, Sayre, Shreeve, Weske 

Associate Professors: A/arm, Bernard, Dick, diMar/.o, Duncan, Hcrold, Joshi, Ohadi, Pecht, 

Piomelli, Radermacher, Shih, Walston 

Assistant Professors: Balachandran, Bigio, Dasgupta, Dimas, Haslach, Marasli. Minis. 

Sirkis, Tsui, Zhang 

Senior Lecturer: Russell 

The Mechanical Engineering Department offers graduate study leading to the Master of 
Science and Doctor of Philosophy degrees. Instruction and research are carried out in three 
areas of concentration: computer integrated manufacturing and design, solid mechanics, and 
thermal-fluid sciences. 

Computer Integrated Manufacturing and Design - The design and manufacturing program 
offers courses in three areas of specialization: design, manufacturing, and systems. The 
integration of these disciplines via the use of the computer is strongly emphasized. Courses 
and research are supported by dedicated laboratories in computer integrated manufacturing, 
machine tool dynamics, polymer extrusion and ceramics. Additional laboratories support the 
cross-disciplinary activities of the CALCE Center for Electronics Packaging. Typical 
examples of current research topics include decomposition-based design optimization, 
maintainability modeling and analysis, reliability of microwave monolithic integrated circuits, 
synthesis of gear-coupled robotic mechanisms, quality control of machining accuracy in 
automation, optimization of the mixing performance in a twin screw extruder, and the 
development of expert systems for powder metallurgy and milling. 

Solid Mechanics - The solid mechanics program provides an exposure to the fundamental 
concepts in the analytical and experimental study of the mechanics of solids. Areas of 
specialization include theoretical and applied elasticity, fracture mechanics, experimental 
mechanics, noise and vibration control, and linear and nonlinear mechanics. Courses and 
research are supported by laboratories in stress analysis, computer-aided design, fracture 
mechanics, vibrations, and smart structures. Typical examples of current research topics 
include dynamic deformation and fracture, feasibility of a transient dynamic design analysis 
method, thermo-mechanical creep fatigue analysis of solder, mechanics of solid lubricating 
films, mechanisms of fracture and fragmentation by explosive loading, a fiber optic smart 
structure development and a new technique for the seismic analysis of nonlinear systems. 

Thermal-Fluid Sciences - The thermal-fluid sciences program offers courses in two broad 
areas: energy and heat transfer, and fluid mechanics. The content of the upper level courses 
reflect the research interests of the faculty. Research is supported by laboratories in 
combustion, hydrodynamics, energy, and turbulence; and by various remote supercomputer 
centers. Typical examples of current research include the development of a visualization and 
imaging system for 3-D analysis of turbulent flow structures, the application of Lagrangian 
transport analysis to turbulent flow prediction, transient cooling by droplet evaporation, an 



192 Mechanical Engineering Program (ENME) 



investigation of steady and unsteady breaking waves, fouling and particulate deposition on 
low temperature surfaces, a study of diffusion-absorption heat pumps, heat transfer 
enhancement of ozone-safe refrigerants, large eddy simulation of 3-D boundary layers, 
investigation of performance potential for natural refrigerant, simulation and analysis of heat 
pump and refrigeration systems, and impact of energy conversion on the environment. 

Admission Information 

The programs leading to the M.S. and Ph.D. degrees are open to qualified students holding 
the B.S. degree in mechanical engineering. Admission may also be granted to students with 
degrees from allied areas such as other branches of engineering, mathematics, and physics. In 
some cases students may be required to take undergraduate courses to rectify deficiencies in 
their background. In addition to the requirements set forth by the Graduate School, the 
applicant is also required to submit scores from the Graduate Record Examination. 

Master's Degree Requirements 

The M.S. program offers the thesis and non-thesis options. The requirements are those of 
the Graduate School except that a higher minimum number of credits of coursework at the 600 
level is required. Generally, a minimum of 24 credits, for thesis-option, and 30 credits, for 
non-thesis option, of course work are required. In addition to the M.S. degree, the department 
also offers a Master of Engineering (M.E.) degree. 

Doctoral Degree Requirements 

Students in the Ph.D. program must take a minimum of 42 credits of approved graduate 
coursework beyond the B.S. degree (a minimum of 18 credits at the University of Maryland), 
pass a qualifying examination (given during the first semester of study to students entering 
with an M.S. degree), propose and have approved a Ph.D. dissertation topic before the end of 
the third semester (for students entering with an M.S. degree), and successfully produce and 
defend an acceptable Ph.D. dissertation. 

Current Computer Support 

In addition to the laboratories and supercomputer facilities described above, the department 
provides access to a wide variety of additional computer resources. To meet the demands for 
a computing environment that is uniformly accessible and yet be able to cope with a 
multiplicity of applicatons and vendor architectures, the department has chosen to adopt a two- 
tiered approach: 1) access to a set of generic productivity tools, and 2) dedicated engineering 
applications and advanced productivity tools. The first tier relies on facilitating access to a 
large number of personal computers available to students as a shared resource with all College 
Park disciplines. These currently comprise approximately 150 PC486 systems, 175 
Macintoshes and 60 NeXT machines. Open 24 hours, these systems are distributed across 
campus open laboratories, in dorms and in the libraries. This basic tier provides access to 
generic productivity tools such as wordprocessing, spreadsheets, and time-shared fortran 
programming. The second tier of computing support is directly administered by the 
Engineering Center for Computing and Educational Technologies. The College Center has 
been responsible for the design and implementation of a workstation based fully networked 



Meteorology Program (METO) 1 93 



distributed computing environment for engineering called GLUEnet. GLUEnet current!) 
provides support for all undergraduate, graduate, research, faculty, and administrative 

computing within the College of Engineering. At the latest count, GLUEnet services 
supporting the graduate student community includes approximate!) 100 I MX workstations 
and 80 systems using MS/DOS. and MacOS operating systems w tttl networking and hardware 
support for PC. MAC, SUN. DEC. HP with the expected deployment of IBM. RISC and S< rl 
in the near future. GLUEnet provides an enriched CAD computing environment through a 
large number of third-party software packages that include finite element modeling of solid. 
fluid, heat transfer problems, and computer aided design. 

Financial Assistance 

Financial assistance is available to highly qualified students through teaching and research 
assistantships, and to outstanding students through Graduate School fellowships. 

Additional Information 

A complete description of the requirements for the M.S. and Ph.D. degrees and other 
information about the graduate program may be obtained by contacting: 

Director of Graduate Studies 
Department of Mechanical Engineering 
University of Maryland 
College Park, MD 20742 
(301)405-4216 

For courses, see code ENME. 



Meteorology Program (METO) 

Chair: Hudson 

Professors: Baer, Ellingson, Hudson. Shukla. Thompson. Vernekar 

Associate Professors: Carton. Dickerson, Pinker. Robock 

Adjunct Professor: Sellers 

Senior Research Scientists: Rasmusson. Vinnikov 

Associate Research Scientists: Nigam 

Assistant Research Scientists: Cai. Doddridge. Giese. Laszlo, Wu 

Research Associates: Canfield. Cao. Ellis. Frolov. Gruber. Killen. Klein. Kondragunta. 

Miskolczi. Shen. Stenchikov. Takara, Taylor. Zhao 

Lecturer: Atlas 

The Meteorology Department offers graduate study leading to the Master of Science and 
Doctor of Philosophy degrees. Course work in meteorology and physical oceanography is also 
offered at the upper division and graduate level as a service to other campus graduate 
programs. 

The educational program in the atmospheric sciences is broadly based and involves many 
applications of the mathematical, physical and applied sciences that characterize modern 



1 94 Meteorology Program (METO) 



meteorology and physical oceanography. Research specializations include atmospheric 
dynamics, atmospheric radiative transfer, global climate change, remote sensing of the 
atmosphere and the surface, climate dynamics, numerical weather prediction, atmospheric 
chemistry, synoptic meteorology, air pollution, surface-atmosphere interaction, tropical ocean 
circulation, and ocean-atmosphere and biosphere-atmosphere interactions. 

The Department of Meteorology advanced degree programs are designed to prepare 
students for participation in contemporary research in the atmospheric and oceanic sciences. 
The curriculum includes a set of Core courses which provide a fundamental background in 
Dynamical, Physical and Synoptic Meteorology and advanced specialized courses. 
Supervised research using state-of-the-art facilities then prepares the students for future 
contributions in their chosen field. 

The Department's close association with federal agencies in the Washington area provides 
graduates with good career opportunities in the atmospheric sciences. As a research assistant, 
the student often has the opportunity to develop a close working relationship with one or more 
of the scientific agencies, which can put the student in a good position to contend for jobs as 
they become available. 

Admission Information 

In addition to the requirements of the Graduate School, the Department requires a bachelor's 
or higher degree in meteorology, oceanography, physics, chemistry, mathematics, biology, 
engineering or other program with suitable emphasis in the sciences. Previous education in 
meteorology will be favorably considered, but is not required. The Core courses offered in the 
first year of graduate study present students with the necessary meteorology background for 
the more advanced courses. The minimum undergraduate background includes 3 semesters of 
calculus, differential equations, linear algebra, 3 semesters of calculus-based physics, 1 
semester of chemistry and 1 semester of a scientific computer language (e.g., Fortran, C, 
Pascal or Basic). Scores from the GRE General Examination are also required. 

Master's Degree Requirements 

The Meteorology Department offers a non-thesis program leading to the Master of Science 
Degree. The requirements include course work, a scholarly paper and a comprehensive 
examination. 

Each new student will be assigned to a tenure-track faculty advisor whose interests parallel 
those of the student. The faculty advisor will assist in the development of the student's course 
program and will follow the student's progress thereafter. The student has the option to select 
an alternate advisor at any time. 

The student must submit an M.S. degree course plan, and a tentative schedule for 
completion, by the end of the first nine credit hours. A minimum of 30 semester hours in 
courses acceptable for credit toward a graduate degree is required for the degree program. This 
will include 24 hours of 600-level Meteorology courses. Meteorology Department 400-level 
courses are not acceptable for credit toward the degree. A maximum of 3 credits of METO 798 
(Directed Graduate Research) is acceptable toward the degree. The purpose of the scholarly 
paper is to demonstrate the ability to conduct original or literature research. The paper will 



Meteorology Program (METO) 1 95 



become pari of the permanent archive of the Department. A Ph.D. dissertation prospectus will 
satisfy tins requirement. 

The Comprehensive Examination consists of written and oral portions. The written portion 
is composed of questions covering the subject areas of the Meteorology Core courses. I Ik- 
Core courses are: METO 600. 610. 61 1. 620 and 621, plus a choice of one of the 8 courses: 
METO 60 1 . 6 1 2. 6 1 7. 625. 630. 637. 640 or 67 1 . 

All requirements for the M.S. degree must be completed within a five-year period. This time 
limit applies to any transfer work from other institutions to be included in the students 
program. A full-time student can easily complete the M.S. degree in two years. 

Doctoral Degree Requirements 

The Meteorology Department offers a Program leading to the Doctor of Philosophy Degree 
I Ph.D.) in Meteorology. This program is designed to furnish the student with the education and 
research background necessary to carry out independent and original scientific research. In 
order to earn the Ph.D., the student must complete a course work requirement, pass the 
Candidacy Examinations, and prepare and defend a dissertation. 

A student seeking a Ph.D. degree will be assigned to a faculty advisor whose interests 
parallel those of the student. The academic advisor will establish and chair an advising 
committee which will oversee the student's degree program. 

The student must submit a Ph.D. degree course plan, and a tentative schedule for 
completion, by the end of the first nine credit hours. This plan will be drawn up in consultation 
with the faculty advisor and should show all course work to be taken during the Ph.D. 
program. The course work requirement is thirty semester hours in 600-level Meteorology 
Department courses. In addition, the student must take 12 credits of METO 899 (Doctoral 
Dissertation Research). It is anticipated that students will wish to take a number of the Core 
courses in order to prepare for the Qualifying Examination. 

In addition, there is a Minor course requirement of an additional nine semester hours of 
ancillary courses taken beyond the bachelor's degree from a different department in a related 
scientific discipline, at least 6 of which must be at the 600-level or above. These credits need 
not be from the same department but must have a unified or coherent theme. 

Students may petition the Department for a waiver of these requirements based on credits 
earned at another institution at the graduate level. 

A student seeking the Ph.D. degree in meteorology must pass the Candidacy Examinations. 
These examinations are divided into two parts - The Qualifying Examination and the Specialty 
Examination. Within one year of passing the Qualifying Examination, the student will present 
a dissertation prospectus to the faculty. Ability to perform independent research must be 
shown by a written dissertation based on the proposal presented at the Specialty Examination. 
The dissertation should be an original contribution to knowledge and demonstrate the ability 
to present the subject matter in a scholarly style. Upon completion of the dissertation the 
candidate is required to present the research results at a Meteorology Department seminar and 



1 96 Meteorology Program (METO) 



to defend the material to the satisfaction of a Final Examining Committee appointed by the 
Dean of the Graduate School. 

Full-time students are expected to complete the Qualifying Examination by the end of the 
second year of graduate study and be admitted to candidacy by the end of the third year. 
Students must be admitted to candidacy within five years after admission to the doctoral 
program and at least one academic year before the date on which the degree will be conferred. 
The student must complete the entire program for the degree, including the dissertation and 
final examination, during a four-year period after admission to candidacy. 

Facilities and Special Resources 

The Department operates the Cooperative Institute for Climate Studies with NOAA, and the 
Center for Earth System Science with NASA. These institutions conduct research, and offer 
opportunities for graduate research beyond those offered by the department faculty. In 
addition, the Department maintains close research and teaching associations, with the 
Department of Chemistry and nearby government agencies including NOAA, NASA, USDA 
and NIST. 

Special facilities that support the Department's teaching and research activities include 
sophisticated computer facilities allowing access to a variety of atmospheric and 
oceanographic data sets, an instrumented weather station (a NOAA cooperative observing 
station), a laboratory for atmospheric chemistry, a mobile air pollution laboratory, historical 
data, and files of the State Climatologist for Maryland 

The Department of Meteorology has a modern teaching laboratory in which educational 
color video tapes and 16 mm films may be produced and replayed. Equipment is installed to 
allow students and faculty to produce their own educational materials for classroom and 
seminar use and record special experiments, field trials or lecture events for permanent use. 

The Department maintains a specialized library with several hundred text and reference 
books in meteorology and allied sciences, many specialized series of research reports and 
many current journals. The campus provides a main library as well as libraries in chemistry, 
astronomy, and engineering. Several excellent government libraries in the area, including the 
Library of Congress, the NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, and the NOAA libraries, also 
provide unsurpassed resources. 

The Department has installed a UNIDATA computer graphics animation system that 
ingests, manages and displays current weather satellite, weather radar and weather map data 
in color for research, instruction and the preparation of videotape or film materials. 

The Department of Meteorology has access to a wide variety of computer resources, 
including its own DEC and scientific workstation network with more than 45 nodes. These 
systems provide communications, color graphics visualization, and local computing. The 
University's Computer Science Center, which is located in the same building as the 
Department, operates an IBM 3081. Department personnel can communicate with various 
remote supercomputers at high speed through excellent internet connectivity, including the 
Crays at the San Diego Supercomputer Center, NCAR, the Goddard Space Flight Center and 
Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory. 



Meteorology Program (METO) 1 97 



The University of Maryland is located in an area that is rich in a variety of beneficial 
professional resources. Because o\ its proximity to the nation's capital, the University of 
Maryland is able to interact closely with the many governmental groups interested in various 
aspects of the atmospheric sciences. Guest seminar speakers and visiting lectures here are 
frequently scientists invited from local government laboratories, and the Department faculty 
often attend and participate in the seminars, colloquia and scientific workshops being held at 
these neighboring institutions. 

The Washington D.C., chapter of the American Meteorological Society consists of about 
400 members who hold professional meetings each month. The Washington D.C., area is 
frequently the site of national and international conferences, most notably of the American 
Association for the Advancement of Science and the American Geophysical Union. Although 
the University of Maryland is the only school in the region offering degrees in meteorology, 
there are professional and library resources at several other nearby major universities. In 
additional to the various government and academic institutions, the Washington metropolitan 
area contains numerous well-known private contractors and consulting companies involved in 
meteorology, which provide employment opportunities for students both before and after 
graduation. 

The Department of Meteorology maintains professional interactions with scientists of major 
federal agencies in the atmospheric, oceanographic, and hydrologic sciences. For example, a 
formal Memorandum of Understanding with the National Oceanic and Atmospheric 
Administration provides for the development of special courses by visiting faculty from 
NOAA as well as opportunities for faculty and students to work on-site at NOAA facilities, 
including the National Weather Service, the National Environmental Satellite and Data 
Information Service, the Naval Research Laboratory, the National Institute of Standards and 
Technology, the NASA Goddard Space Flight Center and the Institute for Global 
Environment and Society. 

As a member of the University Corporation for Atmospheric Research, the Department 
enjoys the common facilities offered by the National Center for Atmospheric Research such 
as research aircraft and supercomputers. 

Financial Assistance 

Graduate assistantships are available to qualified graduate students. Research assistants 
carry on research in the areas of global change, synoptic and dynamic meteorology, satellite 
meteorology, climate dynamics, atmospheric radiation, general circulation, physical 
oceanography, and ocean-atmosphere and biosphere-atmosphere interactions. Fellowships are 
also awarded by the Graduate School to the most qualified applicants. In addition, hourly 
employment is available in the Department and off campus. Stipends are maintained at a 
competitive level. 

Additional Information 

Application material or additional information may be obtained by writing: 

Chair, Admissions Committee 
Department of Meteorology 



1 98 Microbiology Program (MICB) 



University of Maryland 
College Park, MD 20742-2425 
(301)405-5392 

For courses, see code METO. 



Microbiology Program (MICB) 

Acting Chair: Ades 

Professors: Colwell, Joseph, Roberson, Weiner, Yuan 

Professors Emeriti: Cook, Doetsch, Faber, Hetrick. Pelczar 

Associate Professors: Benson, Stein 

Assistant Professors: DeStefano, Pontzer 

Affiliate Associate Professor: Robb 

Note: Some courses in this program may require the use of animals. Please see the Statement 
on Animal Care and Use in the Appendix and the Policy Statement for Students under "Degree 
Requirements." 

The Department of Microbiology offers programs leading to the Master of Science and 
Doctor of Philosophy degrees with special emphasis in the biomedical, environmental and 
molecular biology areas. In the biomedical area, a student may specialize in virology, 
immunology, or medical bacteriology. Environmentally related research projects are 
concerned with microbial ecology, marine microbiology, diseases of finfish and shellfish, and 
biodegradation of pollutants. Molecular studies involve bacterial and viral genetics, genetic 
engineering, cellular immunology, immunochemistry, molecular systematics, microbial 
evolution and the control of bacterial morphogenesis. Many of the faculty are affiliated with 
federal and industrial laboratories in the greater Washington area. 

Advanced degree graduates in microbiology are in demand, particularly in specialties 
involving recombinant DNA technology, immunology, virology-tissue culture, ecology, 
fermentation, and medical microbiology. Positions become available in both the public and 
private sector and may involve research, product development and/or quality control. 

Admission Information 

Qualified students are accepted in either the M.S. or Ph.D. programs. Applicants for 
graduate programs must have acquired a thorough foundation in biological and physical 
sciences. A strong background in microbiology is desirable but not essential. However, a lack 
of specific courses may lengthen the time required to earn a degree. Scores on the general test 
of the Graduate Record Examination (GRE) must accompany applications. The subject test in 
biology is encouraged but is optional. 

Master's Degree Requirements 

Requirements for the M.S. degree include a minimum of 24 semester hours exclusive of 
research credits. A written thesis based upon research is required, and all candidates must pass 
a final oral examination given by an advisory committee. All candidates for graduate degrees 



Microbiology Program (MICB) 1 99 



must serve as laboratory teaching assistants lor at least one semester per degree. Candidates 
normally require about two years to complete the M.S. program, but quality of performance 
alone determines the awarding of the degree. 

Doctoral Degree Requirements 

Candidates lor the Ph.D. degree must successfully complete a core curriculum consisting of 
eight semester-hour credits in Microbiology graduate courses, including microbial 
metabolism, immunology, virology and genetics. These courses may be satisfied by lateral 
transfer of equivalent credit or by evidence of competence in these areas. Two credits of 
graduate seminar or special topics course per year is required until admission to candidacy, 
and one credit per year after admission to candidacy. A student's dissertation committee will 
decide what additional coursework, if any, is required. Twelve credits of doctoral research 
(MICB 899), exclusive of other required courses, must be taken while enrolled for the degree. 

Application for advancement to candidacy can be made after the following sequence: ( 1 ) 
The preparation and defense of a written research proposal on a topic acceptable to the 
Graduate Program Committee; and (2) submission of a written proposal on planned doctoral 
research and its defense before the student's graduate dissertation committee. A student must 
be a candidate for at least one full year before the defense of the dissertation and graduation. 

Facilities and Special Resources 

Well-equipped laboratories are available for the conduct of modern molecular biology and 
for support of a variety of faculty research efforts. Special resources include a state-of-the-art 
electron microscopy facility housing two scanning/transmission scopes with image analysis 
capabilities, centralized animal facilities, computer support, a fluorescence-activated cell 
sorter, fermentation equipment, and a P3 biohazard containment laboratory. 

Financial Assistance 

A number of teaching assistantships. research assistantships and fellowships are available. 
The number varies and is partly contingent on faculty research support, but most full-time 
students in the Department receive assistantships or some other form of financial support. 

Additional Information 

Interested individuals may request an information brochure describing in detail the program 
of graduate study in microbiology. For information contact: 

Chair. Graduate Program Committee 
Department of Microbiology 
University of Maryland 
College Park, MD 20742 
(301)405-5435 

For courses, code MICB. 



200 Molecular and Cell Biology Program (MOCB) 



Molecular and Cell Biology Program (MOCB) 

Director: Ades 

Professors: Armstrong, Colombini, Diener, Dube, Gantt, Hansen, Kuenzel, Mather, Moult, 

Ottinger, Pierce, Poljak, Solomos, Sze, Vijay, Weiner 

Associate Professors: Benson, Chao, Deitzer, Dutta, Goode, Herzberg, Hutcheson, Julin, 

Ma, Payne, Regier, Samal, Snyder, Stein, Wolniak 

Assistant Professors: Culver, DeStefano, Eisenstein, O'Brochta, Pontzer, Stephan, Straney, 

Tanda, Vakharia, Woodson 

The Graduate Program in Molecular and Cell Biology offers study leading to the Doctor of 
Philosophy degree. It is an interdepartmental program involving the Departments of Botany, 
Chemistry and Biochemistry, Microbiology, and Zoology in the College of Life Sciences, the 
Departments of Animal Sciences, Horticulture and Poultry Science in the College of 
Agriculture, Virginia-Maryland Regional College of Veterinary Medicine, the Center for 
Agricultural Biotechnology and the Center for Advanced Research in Biotechnology, 
University of Maryland Biotechnology Institute. 

The Program faculty have a broad spectrum of expertise and represent some of the most 
outstanding biologists on campus. Many of the faculty are engaged in research that is being 
supported by extensive extramural grants from regional, national and international agencies. 
Research on regulation of gene expression during growth, differentiation and reproduction, 
endocrine-target cell/tissue interactions, ultrastructural-functional relationships, transport 
mechanisms, vision, signal transduction, photoregulation, host-parasite interactions involving 
viruses, bacteria and fungi in plants as well as animal hosts, molecular genetics and analysis 
of protein/enzyme/nucleic acid structure, function and interactions are some of the areas under 
study. These investigations are being carried out in both eukaryotic and prokaryotic systems. 

Admission Information 

Admission to the Graduate Program is competitive. Candidates must satisfy the Graduate 
School requirements and submit the following: (1) copies of diplomas of previous degree(s); 
(2) transcripts of previous college work; (3) statement of purpose and professional objectives; 
(4) three letters of recommendation from persons competent to judge the applicant's abilities 
and aptitude for graduate work; (5) scores of the Graduate Record Examination; and (6) for 
international students, a score of the Test of English as a Foreign Language (TOEFL). The 
Admissions Committee may require the student to take remedial courses if he or she enters 
with inadequate prerequisites or deficiencies in a previous program of study. 

Doctoral Degree Requirements 

The core requirements of the program consist of four lecture courses in molecular and cell 
biology and biochemistry and two one-semester rotations in the laboratories of the 
participating faculty. A satisfactory performance in the core requirements is mandatory for 
continued matriculation in the program. 

Incoming students are advised for their initial course work by the First Year Advisory 
Committee. In most cases, the core requirements will serve as the full course load that a 



Molecular and Cell Biology Program (MOCB) 201 



student would undertake in his/her first year of study. Am remedial or pie-requisite type <>i 
courses to overcome previous weaknesses or deficiencies musl also be completed in the first 
year of stud) or the summer session immediatelj following it. The removal ol such 
deficiencies may delay the completion of core requirements within the first year of Study. 
Under exceptional circumstances, one or more of the core courses ma\ he waived. This will 
depend on the previous training and background of the student. The student may then he asked 
to register in the second level courses concurrently. 

After the completion of the core requirements, the student must choose an advisor tor his/ 
her dissertation research. The research advisor and the student will then submit for approval 
b) the Director the names of five faculty members within the Program who will serve as the 
Advisory Committee. No more than two members of the Advisor) Committee may be from 
the same department or the University of Maryland Biotechnology Institute. The research 
ad\ isor will serve as the chairman of this committee. From hereon, it will be the responsibility 
of the Advisory Committee to guide the student through the remainder of his/her graduate 
work. 

Beyond the first year, the student must take three semesters of advanced, second level 
courses in specialty areas and topical subjects tailored to the development and needs of 
individual students. A large spectrum of such specialized courses is offered by the 
participating departments. Enrollment and completion of any one of the designated group of 
advanced laboratory courses will serve to fulfill one semester of the second level courses. 

The Program conducts a weekly seminar in which outstanding molecular-cell biologists 
from other institutions within the United States and abroad, and faculty and researchers on the 
campus, give presentations on their ongoing research. Attendance at these seminars is required 
for all students in the Program. Two credits of student seminar also will be required, usually 
as participation in a journal club during the first year of study. 

The Admission to Candidacy Examinations are both written (in the form of a research 
proposal) and oral. The Advisory Committee of the student will serve as the Dissertation 
Examination Committee. 

Facilities and Special Resources 

Excellent laboratory facilities are available for teaching both upper and advanced level 
courses in biochemistry, cell and molecular biology and biophysical structural analyses. 
Extensive facilities for cell culture, monoclonal antibody production, protein and nucleic acid 
analyses via modern methods, such as peptide sequencing, oligonucleotide synthesis and 
sequencing, fluorescence, scanning and transmission and electron microscopy, computer 
graphics for molecular modeling. NMR. and X-ray differentiation, are present in core facilities 
consisting of the Protein and Nucleic Acid Synthesis and Analysis (PNA) Laboratory, the 
Laboratory for Biological Ultrastructural Research, the Cell Technology (Hybridoma) 
Laboratory, research laboratories of participating departments and the five centers of the 
University of Maryland Biotechnology Institute (Center for Agricultural Biotechnology, 
Center of Marine Biotechnology. Medical Biotechnology Center, Center for Advanced 
Research in Biotechnology and Center for Bioprocessing and Manufacture). 



202 Music Program (MUSC) 



Financial Assistance 

The Program offers fellowships, teaching assistantships, and research assistantships to 
admitted students on a competitive basis. Additionally, the Program will recommend 
outstanding applicants to the Graduate School for its fellowships. When supplemented with 
matching funds from the Program, these fellowships will enhance the financial support of the 
awardees at a level much higher than the regular fellowships and assistantships. 

Additional Information 

For specific information on the program, admission procedures, financial support and other 
details, contact: 

Office of the Director 

Program in Molecular and Cell Biology 

Micrrobiology Bldg., Rm. 1 123 

University of Maryland 

College Park, MD 20742-445 1 

For courses, see code MOCB. 



Music Program (MUSC) 

Acting Director: Boone 

Acting Chair: Major 

Associate Chair: Gibson 

Professors: Cohen, Cossa, Fischbach, Folstrom, Guarneri String Quartet (Dally, Soyer, 

Steinhardt, Tree), Head, Heifetz, Hudson, Koscielny, Mabbs, Major, McDonald, 

Montgomery, Moss, Page, Robertson, Schumacher, Serwer, Traver 

Associate Professors: Balthrop, Barnett, Davis, DeLio, Elliston, Elsing, Fanos, Gibson, 

Gowen, McCoy, Olson, Rodriquez, Sparks, Urban, Wakefield, Wexler, Wilson 

Assistant Professors: McCarthy, Payerle 

Instructor: Tate, Walters 

Lecturer: Beicken, Sioles, Vidala 

The Department of Music offers programs of study leading to the Master of Music degree 
with areas of specialization in performance, conducting, historical musicology, 
ethnomusicology, music theory, music education, and composition; the Doctor of Philosophy 
degree with areas of specialization in historical musicology, ethnomusicology, and music 
theory; and the Doctor of Musical Arts degree with areas of specialization in performance- 
literature and in composition. Doctoral programs in music education, offered cooperatively 
with the College of Education, lead to Doctor of Education and Doctor of Philosophy degrees. 

Admission Information 

Admission to graduate degree programs in music is highly selective. It is determined 
primarily upon a performance audition, tapes, and scores of original compositions, scholarly 



Music Program (MUSC) 203 



research papers, letters of recommendation, successful teaching experience, and. in academic 
areas. GRE scores. 

Master's Degree Requirements 

Students must complete a minimum ol 30 semester credit hours lor all master's degrees, 
earning at least one-third in the area of specialization and the remainder in supportive 
coursework in music and electives. A public recital or performance is required in performance. 
conducting, and music education; a scholarly thesis is required in musicology, 
ethnomusicology, theory, and composition. 

Doctoral Degree Requirements 

Requirements for the Doctor of Philosophy and the Doctor of Musical Arts degrees require 
no fixed number of earned credits. Rather, they require the satisfactory completion of a 
significant body of coursework that, in the student's and the Graduate Adviser's judgment, 
prepares the student for the preliminary examination that leads to the admission to candidacy. 

Facilities and Special Resources 

The University of Maryland. College Park offers musical scholars a variety of libraries, 
archives, special collections, and other research resources that few universities equal. 

The music library in Hornbake Library is maintained as a separate branch within the 
University's library system. Its main collection consists of approximately 22.000 books. 
70,000 scores. 2.200 microfilms, 3,500 microfiches. 45,000 phonodiscs, 3,000 tapes, and 
2,400 piano rolls along with readers for all microforms, listening facilities for discs and tapes, 
and equipment for making photographic, microfilm, microfiche, or xerographic copies. 

Special collections of particular musical interest are (1) the Jacob M. Coopersmith 
Collection consisting of his working library, which is rich in Handel materials (books, music, 
journals, reprints of articles, etc.); (2) microfilms of all Handel autographs at the British 
Library and the Fitzwilliam Museum, and of almost all other known autograph fragments of 
Handel's music; (3) the Alfred Wallenstein Collection, donated by the violoncellist and 
conductor, comprising the performance library (about 28,000 titles) of radio station WOR in 
New York City and dating through the early 1950s; (4) Andre Kostelanetz's own working 
collection of orchestral scores and parts in manuscript, about 4.000 titles bequeathed by the 
conductor; (5) the archives of the American Bandmasters Association, the Music Educators 
National Conference, the National Association of College Wind and Percussion Instructors, 
the International Clarinet Society, the College Band Directors National Association, and the 
Music Library Association, among which is the oral history collection; the press books of 
Edwin Franko Goldman: an extensive gathering of clippings, programs, photographs, and 
historic recordings relating to the history of the American band movement: the Contemporan 
Music Project Library of the Music Educators National Conference: the Pillsbury Foundation 
School archives: the Frances Elliott Clark papers: the Luther Whiting Mason Collection: and 
the music education textbook collection: and (6) the International Piano Archives at Maryland 
(formerly the International Piano Library of New York City), which is a unique collection of 



204 Music Program (MUSC) 



tapes, phonodiscs, piano rolls, music scores, cylinders, record catalogues, and manuscripts 
documenting the entire history of recorded piano literature and its performance. 

Also located at The University of Maryland is The Center for Studies in Nineteenth-Century 
Music. Other research activities of the Department include the C.P.E. Bach Edition and the 
American Handel Society. 

Within a few minutes of the College Park campus are research opportunities offered by the 
Library of Congress, the Folger Shakespeare Library, Dumbarton Oaks, the National 
Archives, the Smithsonian Institution, the Enoch Pratt Free Library of Baltimore, and about 
500 specialized libraries. 

The Department schedules a wide variety of student and faculty solo and ensemble recitals 
and concerts, including those of the internationally recognized Guarneri String Quartet, which 
is in residence at College Park and whose members hold professorial rank. The Department 
also cooperates with the campus in a year-long series of University Community concerts and 
in the summer The International Piano Festival and William Kapell Competition, the Marian 
Anderson Vocal Competition, and the National Orchestral Institute. The University also 
sponsors a three-day Handel Festival that features the University of Maryland Chorus and 
scholars and performers from around the world. The musical environment of the entire 
Washington-Baltimore area is unusually varied and rewarding in performances at the John F. 
Kennedy Center for the Performing Arts, Constitution Hall, the National Gallery of Art, the 
Phillips Collection, the Library of Congress, Wolf Trap Farm Park, Smithsonian Institution, 
the Corcoran Gallery of Art, and Joseph Meyerhoff Symphony Hall in Baltimore. 

Financial Assistance 

A number of competitive fellowships, tuition waivers, assistantships. support grants, and 
graduate orchestral fellowships are available. Preference for academic assistance will be given 
to those who have filed an application for admission to the University and have been officially 
admitted by February 1 . Competitive auditions for graduate orchestral fellowships will be held 
prior to April 1 . 

Additional Information 

Music at Maryland: Graduate Programs provides descriptive information, details of 
course requirements, examination procedures, and graduation requirements for the M.M., 
Ph.D. and D.M.A. degree programs. International students should read the information 
contained in Application and Information for International Graduate Applicants. Specific 
information may be obtained from: 

Director of Graduate Studies 
Department of Music 
Tawes Fine Arts Building 
The University of Maryland 
College Park. Maryland 20742 
(301)405-5560 

For courses, see code MUSC, MUSP, and MUED. 



Nuclear Engineering Program (ENNU) 205 



Nuclear Engineering Program (ENNU) 

Chair: Christou 

Acting Director: Pertmer 

Professors: Christou, Munno, Roush 

Professors Lmeriti: Duffey, Silverman 

Associate Professors: Almenas, Modarres, Mosleh, Pertmer 

Assistant Professor: Smidts 

Research Associates: Al-Sheikhly, Chappas 

Lecturers: Graves, Lee 

Nuclear power generation has been demonstrated to be a viable means of providing 
abundant, economical and environmentally benign energy. Although the primary role of the 
Nuclear Engineer is the design, construction and operation of nuclear power plants and the 
infrastructure necessary to ensure the safe and reliable production of energy, other 
applications may be found in the production and application of radioisotopes for medicine, 
food processing and chemical processing. The general nuclear engineering program is focused 
toward energy conversion and power engineering with additional specialties in radiation and 
polymer science and reliability analysis. The courses and research programs strive to create an 
atmosphere of originality and creativity that prepares the student for future engineering 
leadership. 

In cooperation with their advisors, students establish individual plans of graduate study 
compatible with their interests and background. Areas of specialization include: reactor safety; 
reactor risk assessment and reliability analysis; reactor thermal hydraulics and integrated 
thermal hydraulic effects; transport theory; activation analysis; reactor physics; nuclear core 
design and radiation engineering. 

Admission Information 

The Program offers graduate study leading to the Master of Science and Doctor of 
Philosophy degrees and is open to qualified students holding a bachelor's degree from 
accredited programs in any of the engineering and science areas. In some cases, it may be 
necessary to require background courses to fulfill prerequisites. In addition to Graduate 
School admission requirements, the Department announces special degree requirements in its 
publications. 

Master's Degree Requirements 

The M.S. degree program offers thesis and non-thesis options. The thesis option requires 24 
credit hours of course work plus a thesis. The non-thesis option requires 30 credit hours of 
course work, a written comprehensive examination, and a research paper. All students must 
complete the Program Core requirements as well as all Graduate School requirements. In 
addition to an M.S. degree, the department also offers a Master of Engineering (M.E.) degree. 



206 Nutrition Program (NUTR) 



Doctoral Degree Requirements 

To enter the Ph.D. degree program, students must complete the M.S. Program Core prior to 
taking the Ph.D. qualifying examination. Those admitted to the Ph.D. program must complete 
an approved curriculum plan prior to admission to candidacy, in addition to meeting all 
dissertation and final oral examination requirements. 

Facilities and Special Resources 

Special facilities available for graduate study include a 250 KW nuclear reactor, a large 
scale integral thermal hydraulic facility, a large gamma source, an 8-MeV Electron Linear 
Accelerator, and various analyzers and detectors. In addition, there are considerable computer 
and graphics facilities available, including Sun workstations. The Laboratory for Polymer and 
Radiation Science has extensive facilities for investigating radiation effects in polymers. 

Financial Assistance 

Financial assistance in the form of teaching and research assistantships and sponsored 
fellowships are available to qualified students. 

Additional Information 

For more specific information, contact: 

Academic Program Coordinator 

Nuclear Engineering Program 

Department of Materials and Nuclear Engineering 

University of Maryland 

College Park, MD 20742-21 15, USA 

(301)405-5209 

For courses, see code ENNU. 



Nutrition Program (NUTR) 

Director: Brannon 

Professors: Ahrens, Brannon, Erdman, Hansen, Kuenzel, Moser-Veillon, Prather, Sims, 

Soares, Thomas, Vijay 

Associate Professors: Castonguay, Doerr, Douglass, Jackson, Sampugna 

Assistant Professor: Blake 

Affiliate Professor: B. Hansen 

Affiliate Associate Professor: M. McKenna 

Research Assistant Professor: Edens 

Note: Some courses in this program may require the use of animals. Please see the Statement 
on Animal Care and Use in the Appendix and the Policy Statement for Students under "Degree 
Requirements." 



Nutrition Program (NUTR) 207 



The Graduate Program in Nutrition is an interdepartmental program administered by the 
Department of Nutrition and Food Science (NFSC). It involves faculty from the Departments 
of Animal Sciences. Chemistry and Biochemistry, Nutrition and Food Science, Poultry 
Science, and Pediatrics (UMBC Campus), and scientists in nearby research institutions. The 
Program offers graduate study leading to the Master of Science and Doctor of Philosophy 
degrees in nutrition. Research interests of the faculty include: the genetic and metabolic basis 
for dietary requirements of animals and humans; nutritional biochemistry; nutrition aspects ol 
chronic disease; international nutrition, community nutrition, and food and nutrition policy, 
and nutrition, neuroscience and behavior. All programs require completion of a research 
project. 

Admission Information 

Applicants are expected to have a minimum of 3.00 on a scale of 4.00, coupled with 
outstanding letters of reference. In addition, the Program requires satisfactory- scores on the 
Graduate Record Examination; verbal, quantitative, and analytical scores should be 500 or 
above. Preference will be given to applicants with a bachelor's degree in nutrition, chemistry, 
food science, or a related field. Consideration will be given to others having adequate 
background courses and a demonstrable interest in a research career. Appropriate background 
courses include vertebrate physiology, general biochemistry, advanced nutrition, and 
mathematics sufficient to undertake upper level statistics. 

The admission policy for the doctoral program is similar to the master's program. 
Completion of a master's degree with thesis is preferred, but students with a bachelor's degree 
may be considered, especially if independent research potential has been demonstrated. 

Master's Degree Requirements 

The Master of Science degree requires completion of a research project and thesis; the non- 
thesis option is not offered. All master's students must include a minimum of nine credit hours 
of advanced nutrition coursework, three credit hours of advanced biometrics, and a seminar. 
Other courses are selected with the guidance of an advisor and/or committee. An oral 
examination on the thesis is required. Four semesters of full-time study are usually required to 
complete the master's degree. 

Doctoral Degree Requirements 

Students will be expected to have met the course requirements for the M.S. degree, or to take 
appropriate courses to do so. Doctoral students will take additional courses in relevant 
disciplines selected to meet individual student needs. They will also present two seminars, and 
complete 12 credit hours of doctoral dissertation research. Admission to candidacy will 
require a written examination based on the dissertation research proposal and core nutrition 
knowledge, which will be followed by an oral examination based on the proposal for 
dissertation research. A final oral examination to defend the dissertation also is required. 



208 Philosophy Program (PHIL) 



Facilities and Special Resources 

The Department has well-equipped laboratories for research in all areas of specialization. 
The network of collaborating and adjunct faculty members extends the expertise of the 
Department faculty and enhances the research facilities available for graduate study. 
Cooperative research may be undertaken with scientists in several nearby federal agencies, 
medical centers, and research institutions. Library and computer resources include the 
University's excellent facilities and other outstanding libraries, such as the National 
Agricultural Library and the National Library of Medicine (N1H). 

Financial Assistance 

There are a number of graduate teaching assistantships, traineeships and research 
assistantships available for qualified applicants. 

Additional Information 

Copies of a Program booklet with additional information concerning admission 
requirements, courses, faculty, and facilities are available from: 

Graduate Program in Nutrition 
Department of Nutrition and Food Science 
3304 Marie Mount Hall 
University of Maryland 
College Park, MD 20742 
(301)405-4521 

For courses, see codes NFSC. 



Philosophy Program (PHIL) 

Acting Chair: Slote 

Professors: Bub, Cherniak, Darden, Devitt, Greenspan, Lesher, Levinson, Martin, Pasch, 

Slote, Suppe, Svenonius, Wallace (part-time) 

Professors Emeriti: Perkins, Schlaretzki 

Associate Professors: Brown, Celarier, Horty, Lichtenberg, Odell, Rey, Stairs 

Assistant Professors: Morreau 

Affiliate Professors: Brush, Hornstein 

Adjunct Professor: Luban 

The Department of Philosophy offers graduate study leading to the Master of Arts and 
Doctor of Philosophy degrees with emphasis on contemporary Anglo-American philosophy 
and the interaction of philosophy with other disciplines. Students normally enter the doctorate 
program without an M.A. degree, but the M.A. may be earned on the way to the Ph.D. While 
the Ph.D. program is suitable primarily for students who wish to enter a career in teaching and 
research at the college or university level, the M.A. program is appropriate for those who want 
to deepen and expand the knowledge they gained as undergraduates or who wish to develop 
competence in philosophy to apply to some other professional field. 



Philosophy Program (PHIL) 209 



In cooperation v* ith the Department ol History and under the supervision of the ( Committee 
on the Historj and Philosophy of Science, a special interdisciplinary curriculum in the historj 

and philosophy of science is offered at the M.A. and Ph.D. levels. In addition, the Department 
of Philosophy oliers a specialized curriculum, at both M.A. and Ph.D. levels, in cognitive 
studies, under the supervision of the Committee for Cognitive Studies in Philosophy, and in 
cooperation with the Department of Computer Science, the Department of Linguistics and the 
Department o\ Psychology. A third specialized curriculum, in value theory, with a possible 
focus on ethics, social and political philosophy, or aesthetics, is in the planning stage, and will 
require more concentration in the value theory section of the philosophy curriculum, as well 
courses of study in a relevant cognate field. 

Admission Information 

The Department requires for admission a Graduate Record Examination score, three letters 
of recommendation from previous instructors, at least one of whom is familiar with the 
applicant's work in philosophy, and a sample of the student's written work on a philosophical 
topic (normally one or two essays, totalling no more than twenty pages). The GRE score, 
letters and work sample should be sent directly to the Department of Philosophy. M.A. 
admission requirements are less stringent than those for admission to the Ph.D. program, but 
the same supporting documents must be provided. 

A candidate may be admitted to the curriculum in the History and Philosophy of Science, or 
in Cognitive Studies in Philosophy, or in Moral, Political, and Social Philosophy with fewer 
than 18 hours in philosophy if the student has a strong background in science, or in a cognate 
discipline in cognitive studies, or in the social sciences, respectively. For details concerning 
the curriculum within these specific areas, students should consult the individual chairs of the 
three committees involved in the Philosophy Program (see below). 

Master's Degree Requirements 

The M.A. program offers both a thesis and a non-thesis option. Candidates who pursue 
either option must demonstrate competence in symbolic logic and knowledge of modern 
philosophy. There are no specific course requirements beyond the Graduate School 
requirements. The individual student's research determines whether foreign language skills 
are required. For the non-thesis option, a student must pass a written comprehensive 
examination and must submit a collection of papers demonstrating competence in 
philosophical research and writing. 

Doctoral Degree Requirements 

Students who seek admission to the Ph.D. program should intend to pursue only full-time 
study toward that degree. Candidates with a high grade point average should normally have 
completed at least 18 credit hours (or the equivalent) of philosophy, including one course in 
logic, one in ethics, one in epistemology, metaphysics, or philosophy of mind, and two courses 
in the history of philosophy. 

In addition to the Graduate School requirements, Ph.D. students in the regular philosophy 
program are required to demonstrate a competence in three philosophical fields selected from 



21 Philosophy Program (PHIL) 



four broad philosophical areas: History of Philosophy, Epistemology and Metaphysics, Logic 
and Philosophy of Science, and Value Theory. Students demonstrate a competence by writing 
papers of substantial breadth and scope that indicate the student's grasp of some important 
problems in the field and connections to other issues in that field. These papers must be 
completed within six semesters of full-time study. Other requirements include: qualification 
in symbolic logic, course distribution in the above four philosophical areas, and presentation 
of a research paper at a Departmental colloquium in the latter stages of dissertation research. 
All Ph.D. students are also required to teach undergraduates for two semesters at an institution 
of higher learning, normally through the Department's teaching assistantship program. 

Foreign language skills are required only as demanded by the individual student's research. 

Partial credit toward the Ph.D. requirements will be awarded for relevant work done at other 
graduate institutions. The Committee on Graduate Admissions will make a specific 
determination in each case. 

Philosophy students pursuing a Ph.D. in the History and Philosophy of Science are subject 
to certain special requirements. They must demonstrate competence by examination and 
written papers in ( 1 ) the history of science and the contemporaneous philosophies of science; 
(2) the philosophy of science and related metaphysical and epistemological problems; and (3) 
a field of science (for students who do not possess an undergraduate science degree) or an area 
of philosophy. Coursework must include: (1) courses in the history of science and technology; 
(2) the philosophy of science; (3) graduate-level courses in an area of science; (4) a course on 
research methods in history and philosophy of science; and (5) either Philosophy 471 or 478. 
In addition, the student must demonstrate reading competency in a foreign language, normally 
French or German. 

Students who take the Cognitive Studies Specialization are also subject to certain special 
requirements. Ph.D. students must include an interdisciplinary field in cognitive studies as one 
of the three fields of competence. Both Ph.D. and M.A. students must include philosophy 
courses concerned with issues related to cognitive studies and courses in a secondary area of 
cognitive studies outside philosophy. 

Facilities and Special Resources 

The Institute for Philosophy and Public Policy, under the auspices of the School of Public 
Affairs, engages in research, teaching and curriculum development in the ethical and 
conceptual issues in public policy formation. The Institute, which comprises approximately 
ten researchers with doctoral degrees in philosophy, offers graduate students expanded 
opportunities for coursework and research. 

In addition to the excellent libraries on campus, students are encouraged to utilize other 
libraries in the Washington/Baltimore metropolitan area, such as the Library of Congress, the 
Center for Hellenic Studies, and the Eisenhower Library on the campus of Johns Hopkins 
University. 

The Department sponsors a series of colloquia by visiting and local speakers throughout the 
academic year. 



Physics Program (PHYS) 211 



Financial Assistance 

The Department administers a number of graduate assistantships. Promising students have 
a good chance of receiving financial support in the first year, and students in good standing 
have a presumption of support through the fourth year of studies, with the possibility of 
continuation for a fifth year. 

Additional Information 

Brochures describing the regular M.A. and Ph.D. programs in philosophy may be obtained 
by writing to the Committee on Graduate Admissions and Awards. Department of Philosophy. 
Information concerning the curriculum in the History and Philosophy of Science may be 
obtained from the Chairperson, Committee on the History and Philosophy of Science. 
Information concerning the curriculum in Cognitive Studies may be obtained from the 
Chairperson, Committee for Cognitive Studies in Philosophy. 

For courses, see code PHIL. 



Physics Program (PHYS) 

Chair: Liu (acting) 

Associate Chair: Bardasis. Chant 

Professors: Alley, Anderson, Antonsen, Banerjee, Bardasis, Bhagat, Boyd, Brill. C.C. 

Chang, C.Y. Chang, Chant, Chen, Currie, Das Sarma. DeSilva. Dorfman. Dragt. Drake. Drew. 

Einstein, Falk, Fisher, Gates, Glick, Gloeckler. Gluckstern. Goldenbaum, Goodman. 

Greenberg, Greene. Griem, Griffin, Hu, Kim, Kirkpatrick, Korenman, Layman, Lee, Liu. 

Lobb. Lynn, MacDonald, Mason, Misner, Mohapatra. Ott, Paik, Papadopoulos, Park, Pati. 

Prange, Redish. Richard, Roos. Sagdeev, Skuja. Sucher, Venkatesan, Wallace, Webb. 

Williams, Woo 

Chancellor Emeritus: Toll 

Professors Emeriti: Ferrell, Glover III, Holmgren, Hornyak. Snow, Weber. Zorn 

Associate Professors: Cohen, Ellis, Fivel, Hadley, Hamilton, Hassam, Jacobson, Jawahery. 

Kacser, Kelly, Wang 

Assistant Professors: Anlage, Baden, Beise, Eno, Skiff, Wellstood, Yakovenko 

Adjunct Professors: Boldt. Mather, Phillips, Ramaty, Ripin 

Visiting Professor: Franklin 

Lecturers: Haberman, Korobkin, Pasternak. Rapport, Restorff, M. Slawsky, Stern 

The Department of Physics includes programs in many areas of current research interest. 
These include: astrophysics, atomic physics, condensed matter physics, dynamical systems, 
elementary particle theory, fluid dynamics, general relativity, high energy physics, many-body 
theory, molecular physics, nuclear physics, particle accelerator research, plasma physics, 
quantum electronics and optics, quantum field theory, space physics, and statistical 
mechanics. 



2 1 2 Physics Program (PH YS) 



Admission Information 

Because of the large number of qualified applicants, the Department of Physics has had to 
restrict formal admission to the Graduate School to those who have shown particularly 
outstanding work in their undergraduate records or who have already done satisfactory work 
in key senior-level courses at the University of Maryland. Students who have less outstanding 
records but who show special promise may be given provisional admission under special 
circumstances. Regular admission will then depend on the satisfactory completion of existing 
deficiencies. A faculty adviser will inform each of these students what background he or she 
lacks and what he or she must accomplish to achieve regular admission. Thus, the Department 
hopes to offer an opportunity for advanced study in physics to all qualified students. 

Students who enter the graduate program are normally expected to have strong backgrounds 
in physics, including intermediate-level courses in mechanics, electricity and magnetism, 
thermodynamics, physical optics, and modern physics. A student with deficiencies in one or 
more of these areas may be admitted but will be expected to remedy such deficiencies as soon 
as possible. 

The Graduate Record Examination (GRE), including the Advanced Physics test, is required 
for admission. In rare instances, this requirement may be waived. The average GRE Advanced 
Physics test score is 700. A minimum overall score of 550 on the Test of English as a Foreign 
Language is required of applicants from non-English speaking countries. 

Master's Degree Requirements 

The Department offers both thesis and non-thesis options in its Master of Science program. 
The Departmental requirements for the non-thesis option include: at least four courses of the 
general physics sequence; a paper as evidence of ability to organize and present a written 
scholarly report on contemporary research; the passing at the master's level of one section of 
the Ph.D. qualifying exam; and the passing of a final oral examination. The thesis option's 
requirements include at least four courses of the general physics sequence, the graduate 
laboratory unless specially exempted, and the passing of an oral examination including a 
defense of thesis. 

Doctoral Degree Requirements 

The requirements for the Doctor of Philosophy degree in physics are set in general terms to 
allow the individual student as much freedom as possible to prepare a course of study suited 
to individual needs. These requirements are: competence in basic physics indicated by a 
satisfactory performance on a qualifying examination and in the graduate laboratory; 
attendance in a departmental research seminar; the giving of an oral Preliminary Research 
Presentation to demonstrate the ability to organize and orally present a topic of current 
research interest in physics; a paper as evidence of the ability to organize and present a written 
scholarly report on contemporary research prior to candidacy; advanced course study outside 
the student's field of specialization consisting of two advanced courses (six credits), at least 
one of which must be a physics course at the 700 level or above; PHYS 624 or 625 for students 
with theoretical theses; and research competence through active participation in at least two 



Physics Program (PH YS) 2 1 3 



hours of seminar, 12 hours of thesis research, and the presentation and defense oi an original 
dissertation. 

Facilities and Special Resources 

Current research in the Department spans an immense range of theoretical and experimental 
work on the forefront of knowledge, far too large to describe here. For details of the work in 
the various fields, and the faculty and facilities involved, the Department biannually releases 
a booklet entitled Research in Physics which can be obtained upon request. 

Out of the 85 professional faculty members, 65 engage in separately budgeted research; 102 
faculty members at other ranks also engage in research. In 1992-93, 90 graduate students also 
participated in research under stipends. The current federal support for research amounts to 
approximately 16 million dollars annually, attesting to both the size and the quality of the 
program. 

There are close academic ties with the Institute of Physical Science and Technology on the 
campus; members of the Institute supervise graduate research and also teach physics courses. 
Faculty members in the departments of Astronomy and Electrical Engineering also frequently 
direct thesis research. 

In addition to using College Park campus facilities, graduate students can utilize resources 
of nearby federal laboratories under certain conditions. 

The University of Maryland is located within the metropolitan area of Washington, D.C., 
where it enjoys the proximity of a large number of outstanding institutions, such as NASA's 
Goddard Space Flight Center, the Naval Research Laboratory, the Naval Surface Weapons 
Center, the National Institute of Standards and Technology, the Johns Hopkins Applied 
Physics Laboratory, the Department of Energy, the National Institute of Health, the Library of 
Congress, and other federal institutions. The Department works closely with certain research 
groups at some of these institutions. In order to facilitate graduate study in the Washington 
area, the Department of Physics has adjunct professors in certain government laboratories. 

Students who desire to do graduate work in physics at a government agency should contact 
a member of the graduate faculty in the Department. 

Financial Assistance 

The Department offers both teaching and research assistantships. In 1992-93 approximately 
69 teaching assistants and 90 research assistants worked in the Department. Summer research 
stipends for advanced graduate students are customary, and a few summer teaching 
assistantships are available. 

The deadline for applications for financial support is February 1 for assistantships and 
fellowships. 

Graduate students also can seek full-time or part-time employment in the many government 
and industry laboratories located within a few miles of the campus. 



214 Poultry Science Program (POUL) 



Additional Information 

A booklet is available regarding the graduate program in physics. Graduate Study in 
Physics is a guidebook to procedural requirements and rules concerning the acquisition of 
higher degrees. Research in Physics describes the program's research activities and 
personnel, listing the names of faculty and graduate students involved in various research 
projects, together with brief descriptions of those projects. 

For more information, contact: 

Mrs. Jean Clement, Secretary 
Graduate Entrance Committee 
Department of Physics 
University of Maryland 
College Park, MD 20742 
(301)405-5982 

For courses, see code PHYS. 



Poultry Science Program (POUL) 

Acting Chair: Heath 

Professors: Heath, Kuenzel, Ottinger, Soares, Thomas, Wabeck 

Associate Professors: Doerr, Mench 

Adjunct Associate Professors: Rattner, Hill, Sparling 

Affiliate Associate Professor: Place 

Note: Some courses in this program may require the use of animals. Please see the Statement 
on Animal Use and Care in the Appendix and the Policy Statement for Students under "Degree 
Requirements." 

The Department of Poultry Science offers graduate study leading to the Master of Science 
and the Doctor of Philosophy degrees. Areas of specialization include animal behavior and 
welfare, endocrinology, food safety, microbiology, mycotoxicology, neurobiology, nutrition 
and metabolism, physiology, poultry management, products technology and value-added 
products, and wildlife biology. 

There are many job opportunities for poultry science graduates in government, industry and 
academia. 

Admission Information 

In addition to Graduate School and Departmental requirements, the Department requires 
submission of Graduate Record Examination (GRE) scores. Copies of specific requirements 
can be obtained from the Department. 



Poultry Science Program (POUL) 21 5 



Master's Degree Requirements 

The Master's program requires: I) 30 credits of course work, including BCHM 461 and 
BIOM 401 ; 2) an annual seminar; and 3) a thesis. 

Doctoral Degree Requirements 

The Ph.D. program requires: 1) completion of course requirements, including BCHM 462 
and BIOM 602; 2) a written qualifying examination testing fundamental knowledge in the 
field; 3) an oral examination on the proposed research; 4) an annual seminar; and 5) a 
dissertation. 

Facilities and Special Resources 

The Department has excellent on-campus animal housing facilities for broiler and layer 
chickens, quail, mice (for hybridoma research) and other laboratory species both on a farm and 
in a new research building. A new off-campus research facility in the heart of Maryland's 
poultry industry permits field studies and interaction with industry-based research. In addition, 
there are on-going research collaborations with nearby institutions like the National Zoo, NIH, 
Patuxent Wildlife Research Center and USD A. 

Laboratories are modern and well-equipped with instruments such as amino acid analyzers, 
atomic absorption spectrophotometers, scintillation counters, gas chromatographs, HPLCs, 
Instron texture analyzers, Grass polygraphs, EIA readers, stereotaxic instruments with 
lesioning and electrostimulation equipment, video equipment, radiotelemetry devices, 
fluorescence and light microscopes, and image analysis systems. These specialized 
laboratories provide research capabilities in behavior, food science, histology and 
histochemistry, microbiology, molecular biology, nutrition, physiology and tissue culture. 

Financial Assistance 

Graduate research assistantships and teaching assistantships are available for qualified 
applicants. Students are also encouraged to compete for a number of industry-funded 
scholarships and fellowships. 

Additional Information 

A complete description of the degree requirements in the Poultry Science Program and the 
admission process are available on request from: 

Dr. Joy A. Mench 
Director of Graduate Studies 
Department of Poultry Science 
3113 Animal Science Center 
University of Maryland 
College Park, MD 20742-2315 
(301)405-5775 

For courses, see code ANSC, BIOM. and BCHM. 



21 6 Psychology Program (PSYC) 



Psychology Program (PSYC) 

Chair: Hall 

Professors: Anderson, Brauth, Dies, Dooling, Fretz, Gelso, Goldstein, Gollub, Guzzo, Hall, 

Helms, Hill, Hodos, Horton, Kruglanski, Lorion, Martin, Mclntire, Mills, Penner, Schneider, 

Scholnick, Sigall, Smith, Steinman, Sternheim, Trickett 

Professor Emeritus: Tyler 

Associate Professors: Brown, Coursey, Hanges, Klein, Larkin, Norman, O'Grady, Plude, 

Stangor, Steele 

Assistant Professors: Alexander, Aspinwall, Goodman, Johnson, Yager 

The Department of Psychology offers education leading to the Doctor of Philosophy degree. 
The number of graduate students is limited to ensure close and intimate contact in research and 
seminars. 

The Doctor of Philosophy degree offers programs of study in Biopsychology, Clinical/ 
Community, Cognitive, Counseling (joint program with CAPS in Education), Developmental, 
Industrial/Organizational, Sensory and Perceptual Processes, and Social Psychology. The 
Department's doctoral programs in both Clinical and Counseling Psychology have been 
approved by the American Psychological Association. Additionally, the Department offers a 
specialization in Cognitive and Neural Systems and their Development. School Psychology, 
also an APA approved program, is offered in the College of Education. Students wishing to 
complete two programs (e.g., Counseling and Social) must fulfill requisite coursework in both. 

Admission Information 

The Department accepts only those applicants who have demonstrated superior aptitude and 
appear capable of completing the requirements for the doctoral degree. All of the programs 
offer doctoral level programs and do not accept students who are interested in terminal Master 
of Arts degrees. The typical student admitted to the graduate program has an overall 
undergraduate grade point average of 3.5 or above, a psychology grade point average over 3.5, 
appropriate background experiences, outstanding letters of recommendation, research 
experience and/or previous relevant work experience, and goals congruent with the program. 
Additionally, we may take into consideration the student's GRE scores. The Department of 
Psychology encourages applications from members of racial/ethnic minority groups. 

Because we have a large number of applications to consider, we strongly suggest that your 
application be complete by December 1. To be considered for admission for the fall semester, 
all applicant materials should be submitted by January 7 for best consideration. 

Students admitted to the graduate program generally earn the M.A. or M.S. en route to the 
Ph.D. All students must be full-time until completion of all requirements of the doctoral 
program other than the dissertation have ben met. 

Master's Degree Requirements 

The M.A. or M.S. degree requirements are a research thesis (6 credit hours) and 24 credit 
hours including two courses in statistics. 



Psychology Program (PSYC) 217 



Doctoral Degree Requirements 

In addition u> the two courses in statistics, all students are required to take three core courses 
in areas outside their specialty program. These core courses arc designed to pro\ ide ;i breadth 
of knowledge m psychology. Additionally, each program has requisite coursework and 
comprehensive examinations. A minimum of I 2 credit hours for the dissertation is required 
for a doctoral degree. In addition to attending classes, students are expected to take part in 
research. 

Facilities and Special Resources 

The Department shares a building with the Zoology Department and is centrally situated on 
campus near two libraries and the student union. The Department has state-of-the-art 
laboratories, computer facilities, and video equipment. The geographic location in a suburb of 
Washington, D.C. provides access to a wide variety of laboratory and training facilities in 
governmental and other agencies. In addition, we are near the national headquarters for The 
American Psychological Association and The American Psychological Society. 

The Department follows all regulations involved in the use of human subjects and animals. 
Please see the Statement on Animal Use and Care in the Appendix and the Policy Statement 
for Students under "Degree Requirements." 

Financial Assistance 

The Department attempts to provide financial aid for all incoming students, although aid is 
not guaranteed. The different possible types of financial support include fellowships 
(nominated by the department), teaching assistantships, research assistantships, work on 
campus, and funded externships. 

Additional Information 

Additional information concerning the graduate program including specific program 
brochures and application materials may be obtained by writing or calling: 

Graduate Administrative Aide 
Department of Psychology - Room 1141 
University of Maryland 
College Park, MD 20742-441 1 
(301)405-5865 

For courses, see code PSYC. 



218 Public Management, Public Policy, and Policy Studies Programs (School of Public Affairs - PUAF) 



Public Management, Public Policy, and Policy Studies Programs (School 
of Public Affairs - PUAF) 

Dean: Nacht 

Associate Dean: Powers 

Professors: Brown, Destler, Galston, Nacht, Nelson, Reuter, Schelling, Schick, Young 

Associate Professor: Fetter 

Assistant Professors: Badgett, Daalder 

Visiting Professors/Research Scholars: Besharov, Daly, Turner 

Lecturers: Edwards, Slater 

The School of Public Affairs provides graduate-level, professional education in five 
disciplines: finance, statistics, economics, politics and ethics. Students also specialize in either 
issues of social policy, international security and economic policy, environmental policy, or 
public sector financial management. The program is open to pre-career and mid-career 
graduate students and builds on the School's location in the Baltimore/Washington corridor. 

Admission Information 

The School offers three degrees: the Master of Public Management (MPM) the mid-career 
Master of Public Policy (MPP), and the Ph.D. in Policy Studies. The School also offers joint 
degree programs with the School of Business (MPM/MB A) and the Law School (MPM/JD), 
as well as six non-degree certificate programs. 

Master of Public Management Degree Requirements 

The MPM is a 48-credit professional degree combining a rigorous applied course of study 
with practical experience. About 35-45 students enter the program each fall. Although this 
number is small, the candidates come from a wide variety of undergraduate schools and 
majors. The average undergraduate GPA is approximately 3.4 and the average GRE score is 
620. All students are required to have successfully completed college level math before they 
enter the School. 

MPM students initially fulfill the core requirements that emphasize the tools of policy 
analysis: financial management, statistics, economics, politics, and ethics. They are also 
introduced to the policy-making process and to national, state and local policy makers. In 
addition to these core courses, first-year students may take one or two elective courses during 
the second semester. 

Between the first and second year, most students are employed in federal, state or local 
government agencies or in private firms that deal extensively with government agencies. In 
addition to practical experience and the opportunity to use the skills acquired during the first 
year, these internships provide contacts and relationships useful for future projects and job 
placement. 

After completing the core curriculum, students specialize in one of four areas: International 
Security and Economic Policy, Public Sector Financial Management, Environmental Policy, 
or Social Policy. Each specialization requires participation in a final project in which students 



Public Management, Public Policy, and Policy Studies Programs (School of Public Affairs - PUAF) 219 



work individually or in small groups conducting research on problems of interest to 
themselves and a government agency or private firm that sponsors them. 

Most MPM students take I 2 credits per semester and finish the program in two years. 
Master of Public Policy Degree Requirements 

The MPP is a 36-credit degree program designed for mid-career students. This program 
helps individuals in the middle stages of their careers to update their understanding of today's 
complex public issues and to move into positions of greater authority and responsibility. 

The typical MPP candidate has worked in the public or public-related sector for a minimum 
of three years and is capable of handling a rigorous academic program and excelling in his/her 
professional career. Candidates enter the School with varied academic and professional 
backgrounds. Most have at least a 3.0 undergraduate GPA and have completed some college- 
level math and economics courses. If candidates do not have these courses in their 
background, admission may be contingent upon the successful completion of appropriate 
coursework. 

The MPP degree consists of two components: the core curriculum in the methods of policy 
analysis and a selected area of specialization in International Security and Economic Policy, 
Public Sector Financial Management, Environmental Policy, or Social Policy. 

Courses are offered throughout the day and evening. Students usually finish the degree in 
three years by taking two courses each fall and spring semester, but they are allowed to take 
more classes to accelerate their progress if they wish. 

MBA/MPM Joint Program 

The campus' College of Business and Management and the School of Public Affairs offer 
a joint program of studies leading to MBA and MPM degrees. Under the terms of the joint 
program, a student may earn both degrees in approximately five to six semesters. The 
accelerated program is possible because some courses can be credited toward both degrees. 
Candidates must be admitted to both programs separately. 

Under the joint program, 66 credits are required for graduation, split fairly equally between 
the programs. Grade point averages in each program will be computed separately and students 
must maintain minimum standards in each school to continue in the program. A student must 
complete both programs satisfactorily in order to receive both degrees. If a student's 
enrollment is terminated in either program, the student may elect to complete work for the 
degree in which he or she remains enrolled, but such completion must be upon the same 
conditions as required of regular (nonjoint program) degree candidates. Student programs 
must be approved by the Assistant Dean of the School of Public Affairs and the MBA Program 
Director. For further discussion of admission and degree requirements, students should see the 
admissions requirements for each program. 



220 Public Management. Public Policy, and Policy Studies Programs (School of Public Affairs - PUAF) 



MPM/JD Joint Program 

The School of Public Affairs, together with the School of Law which is located on the 
Baltimore campus of the University of Maryland, offers a joint program of studies leading to 
MPM and JD degrees. Under the terms of the joint program, a student may earn both degrees 
in four academic years. The accelerated program is possible because some courses can be 
credited toward both degrees. Candidates must apply for admission to the Law School as well 
as the Graduate School at College Park and must be admitted to both programs. 

Under the joint program. 75 credits in the Law School coupled with 39 credits in the School 
of Public Affairs are required for graduation. Grade point averages in each program will be 
computed separately and students must maintain minimum standards in each school to 
continue in the program. A student must complete both programs satisfactorily in order to 
receive both degrees. If a student's enrollment is terminated in either program, the student may 
elect to complete work for the degree in which he or she remains enrolled, but such completion 
must be upon the same conditions as required of regular (non-joint program) degree 
candidates. Student programs must be approved by the deans of each school. For further 
discussion of admission and degree requirements, students should consult each school's 
catalog. 

Doctoral Degree Requirements 

The School of Public Affairs Ph.D. in Policy Studies is directed at individuals who have 
received a Master of Public Management or Master of Public Policy degree from the School 
of Public Affairs, or a similar degree from a program comparable in content and quality to the 
School's program. Admission is also open to individuals with a distinguished academic record 
who are in their final year or have completed a master's degree program in a public policy 
related subject such as economics, political science, statistics, physics or philosophy. 

Ph.D. candidates are expected to maintain full-time student status until they have passed the 
core exams, and until their draft dissertation prospectus has been approved. This process is 
expected to take between one and two full years. 

Ph.D. candidates are expected to complete six examinations: 

(a) three core examinations designed to test a candidate's knowledge at the master's level 
in the School's core curriculum; 

(b) two specialized field examinations containing both oral and written components; 

(c) a final examination on the candidate's dissertation prospectus. 

A faculty member at the School must agree to serve as the Ph.D. applicant's academic 
sponsor in the program. To facilitate the selection of a sponsor, applicants should include as 
part of their application a description of the general areas in which they want to study and write 
their dissertation. 



Reliability Engineering Program (ENRE) 221 



Certificate Programs 

The School offers 1 8 credit (6 courses) Certificate Programs in six areas: Methods of Policy 
Analysis, Public Policy and Private Enterprise, Public Management, and National Security 
Studies, Housing Finance and Development, and Environmental Policy. 

Facilities and Special Resources 

Faculty members and alumni of the School of Public Affairs have strong, on-going 
relationships with much of the Washington and Maryland policy-making communities. These 
resources are particularly useful for gaining access to information regarding internship and 
permanent employment opportunities. 

Financial Assistance 

The School has financial aid available in the form of fellowships and graduate 
assistantships. All qualified applicants are considered. 

Additional Information 

For additional information, contact: 

The Assistant Dean for Student Affairs 
School of Public Affairs 
2101 Van Munching Hall 
University of Maryland 
College Park, MD 20742 
(301)405-6330 

For courses, see code PUAF. 



Reliability Engineering Program (ENRE) 

Chair: Christou 

Director: Roush 

Professors: Kotz (BMGT); Chopra (ENAE); Frey, Ja'Ja'(ENEE); Dally, Magrab (ENME); 

Roush (ENRE); Smith (STAT); Modarres (ENRE) 

Associate Professors: Barlow (ENAE); Ayyub (ENCE); Pecht (ENME); Pertmer (ENNU); 

Modarres, Mosleh (ENRE); Goldsman (ENEE) 

Assistant Professors: Fuja, Dasgupta (ENME); Smidts (ENRE) 

Adjunct Professors: Jones, Raheja, Weiss 

Reliability Engineering is an interdisciplinary, interdepartmental program housed in the 
Department of Materials and Nuclear Engineering. The academic and research programs of 
the Reliability Engineering Program are based upon the recognition that the performance of a 
complex system is affected by engineering inputs that begin at conception and extend 
throughout its lifetime. Students may specialize in Assessment (Root-Cause Failure Analysis, 
Probabilistic Risk Assessment, Common-Cause Failures); Testing and Operation (Operator 



222 Reliability Engineering Program (ENRE) 



Advisory Systems, Software Reliability); Manufacturing (Statistical Process Control, 
Improved Manufacturing Methods); Component and Structures Reliability (Microelectronics 
and Materials); or Electronic Packaging Reliability. 

Admission Information 

The Program offers graduate study leading to the Master of Science and Doctor of 
Philosophy degrees and is open to students with a Bachelor of Science degree in Engineering, 
Physics or Mathematics who achieved a GPA of at least 3.0 on a 4.0 scale from accredited 
programs. An individual plan of graduate study compatible with the student's interest and 
background is established by the student in consultation with an advisor. In some cases, it may 
be necessary to require background courses to fulfill prerequisites. In addition to Graduate 
School admission requirements, the Department announces special degree requirements in its 
publications. 

Master's Degree Requirements 

The M.S. degree program offers thesis and non-thesis options. The thesis option requires 24 
credit hours of course work plus a thesis. The non-thesis option requires 30 credit hours of 
course work, a written comprehensive examination, and a research paper. All students must 
complete the Program Core requirements as well as all Graduate School requirements. In 
addition to an M.S. degree, the department also offers a Master of Engineering (M.E.) degree. 

Doctoral Degree Requirements 

To enter the Ph.D. degree program, students must complete the M.S. Program Core prior to 
taking the Ph.D. qualifying examination. Those admitted to the Ph.D. program must complete 
an approved curriculum plan prior to admission to candidacy, in addition to meeting all 
dissertation and final oral examination requirements. 

Facilities and Special Resources 

Students and faculty involved in research in the Program have access to a host of special 
facilities in the College of Engineering, including: the nuclear reactor, an 8-MeV electron 
linear accelerator; an environmental chamber; mechanical testing, SEM. X-ray and imaging 
facilities; and several DEC VAX clusters. Electronic Packaging Facilities are available 
through the Electronics Packaging Research Center (CALCE). 

Financial Assistance 

Teaching and research assistantships, fellowships and scholarships are available for 
qualified students. 

Additional Information 

Requests for further information concerning the program can be obtained by writing: 

Academic Program Coordinator 
Reliability Engineering Program 



Russian Language and Literature Program (RUSS) 223 



Materials and Nuclear Engineering Unit 

University <>l Maryland 

College Park, Ml) 20742-21 15, USA 

(301)405-5209 

For courses, sec code ENRE. 



Russian Language and Literature Program (RUSS) 

Chair: Ptister 

Professors: Brccht, Pfister 

Associate Professors: Hitchcock, Lekic 

Assistant Professors: Martin, Ogorodnikova 

The Russian Program of the Department of Germanic and Slavic Languages and Literatures 
offers graduate study leading the Master of Arts degree. Students may specialize in either 
language or linguistics. 

Admission Information 

In addition to the Graduate School requirements, candidates should have a bachelor's 
degree with a major in Russian Language and Literature, Russian Language and Linguistics 
or the equivalent with a fluency in the written and spoken language. 

Master's Degree Requirements 

The M.A. degree program offers both a thesis and non-thesis option. For the thesis option, 
the student must complete 24 hours of coursework, the thesis with an oral defense and a 
written comprehensive examination. The non-thesis option requires 30 hours of coursework. 
a mini-thesis with oral defense and a written comprehensive examination. For both options the 
comprehensives consist of a four hour examination based on the coursework and the M.A. 
reading list. 

Facilities and Special Resources 

In addition to its course offerings listed below, the Russian Section of the Department of 
Germanic and Slavic Languages and Literatures sponsors distinguished Russian curriculum 
consultants. Also sponsored by the section is the Russian Club and the University of Maryland 
Chapter of Dobro Slovo (the National Russian Language Honors Society). Distinguished 
scholars and lecturers, as well as visiting professors, visit the metropolitan area and campus 
regularly. College Park's proximity to Washington D.C.. facilitates participation in the many 
cultural functions of the capital as well as access to research facilities such as The Kennan 
Institute for Advanced Russian Studies and the Library of Congress. 

Financial Assistance 

The Russian section offers graduate teaching assistantships, and the Graduate School offers, 
on a competitive basis, various fellowships and grants. 



224 Sociology Program (SOCY) 



Additional Information 

For further information, write to: 

Director of Graduate Studies, Russian Program 

Department of Germanic and Slavic Languages and Literatures 

University of Maryland 

College Park, MD 20742 

(301)405-4091 

For courses, see codes RUSS and SLAV. 



Sociology Program (SOCY) 

Chair: Falk 

Professors: Brown, Clignet, Falk, Finsterbusch, Hage, Hamilton, Kammeyer, Meeker, H. 

Presser, S. Presser, Ritzer, Robinson, D. Segal, M. Segal 

Professors Emeriti: Dager, Lejins 

Associate Professors: Henkel, J. Hunt, L. Hunt, Kahn, Landry, Lengermann. Neustadtl, 

Pease, Vanneman 

Assistant Professors: Harper, Korzeniewicz, Malhotra 

Affiliate Professors: Billingsley, Dill, Fink, Gonzalez, Gurevitch, Levy, Loftin, Wilson 

The Graduate Program in Sociology offers coursework leading to the Master of Arts and 
Doctor of Philosophy degrees. Areas of emphasis in the Department include: demography 
(with a particular stress placed on gender and equality); gender, work, and family; military 
sociology; organizations, occupation, and labor markets; political economy; social 
psychology; and theoretical sociology. 

Within the last three years, about half the students finishing Ph.D. degrees in the Sociology 
Department have found employment as college-level teachers, and about half are working in 
research, administration and consulting in federal, state or private organizations. Our location 
in the Washington D.C., area offers an unusual number of full-time research opportunities for 
our graduate students. 

Admission Information 

Admission to the graduate program is based upon the student's academic record, GRE 
scores, letters of recommendation and other information relevant to the applicant's chances of 
being successful in the program. Although a previous major in sociology is not required, 
students entering the master's degree program should have had the following in undergraduate 
courses: mathematics through college algebra, elementary statistics, sociological theory and 
sociological research methods. Students entering the Ph.D. program should have had at least 
one graduate level course each in sociological theory, sociological research methods and 
statistics. Students deficient in any of these areas may be admitted to the program 
provisionally, but they must satisfy the requirements during their first year in the program. 



Sociology Program (SOCY) 225 



Both MA. and Ph.D. students arc required to haw an adviser. The Director of Graduate 

Studies acts as adviser ex officio during the firsl semester after which students choose one 
among the faculty (they can change advisers over the course of their studies). 

Master's Degree Requirements 

A minimum of 30 hours is required for the master's degree to include I ) two courses in 
statistics; 2) one in methodology: 3) one in theory; 4) a one credit course to learn the 
I fniversity of Maryland computer facilities and 5) six credits of thesis research (799). A thesis 
is required. Usually, this phase o\' the program can be completed in two years. 

Doctoral Degree Requirements 

Ph.D. candidates must have met all the master's degree requirements. In addition, they must 
complete a minimum of 24 credit hours of course work and 12 credits of dissertation research 
beyond the M.A. courses. Specific Ph.D. requirements include: 1 ) A set of three courses in 
each of two specialties (independent reading courses do not count and the same course cannot 
be counted twice); 2) one additional course in theory; 3) one additional course in statistics: (4) 
one additional course in methodology; 5) one course (SOCY 701) integrating methods and 
theory; 6) a one-credit course to get acquainted with the computer (if not taken at the master's 
level); and 7) 12 credit hours of dissertation research. 

After completion of the coursework. doctoral students must pass two examinations 
qualifying them to write their dissertations in the specialties of their choice. Upon the 
recommendation of the appropriate faculty member, the Department Graduate Committee 
approves the coursework qualifying students to present the two examinations. 

Facilities and Special Resources 

The Sociology Department's facilities include data processing and computer capabilities, 
the Center on Population. Gender and Inequality, the Survey Research Center, the Center on 
Innovations and a Department library. The campus has excellent computer facilities and 
computer time is readily available to faculty and graduate students. 

Financial Assistance 

Financial assistance for graduate students is available through teaching and research 
assistantships, and for advanced students through part-time instructorships. There are also a 
limited number of fellowships available, including several for members of groups 
underrepresented in sociology. All carry a stipend plus tuition remission. 

Additional Information 

For additional information and application forms, write or call: 

Director of Graduate Studies 
Sociology Department 
University of Maryland 
College Park, MD 20742-1315 



226 Spanish Language and Literature Program (SPAP) 



(301)405-6390 
For courses, see code SOCY. 

Spanish Language and Literature Program (SPAP) 

Chair: Sosnowski 

Professors: Aguilar-Mora, Cypess. Harrison, Nemes, Pacheco, Sosnowski 
Associate Professors: Igel, Phaf, Lavine, Naharro-Calderon. Rabasa 
Assistant Professors: Benito- Vessels, Butler, Sanjines 

The Department of Spanish and Portuguese offers graduate programs leading to the degrees 
of Master of Arts and Doctor of Philosophy in Spanish. The Department's offerings are 
designed to provide the required advanced training in language, literature, and culture for 
achieving professional excellence in high school and college teaching and for undertaking 
creative research in related fields of inquiry. 

Employment statistics show that opportunities for the Department's M.A. and Ph.D. 
graduates have been excellent during the last 15 years, and well above average during the 
recent economic recession. All our M.A. graduates have found employment commensurate 
with their academic training. Most graduates have entered teaching careers while several work 
in government agencies and international organizations. During the same period, all of our 
Ph.D. graduates who planned to undertake careers in teaching and research have obtained 
satisfactory appointments at colleges and universities. The important role played in this 
country by Hispanics and the recognition of their cultural imprint bode well for future 
expansion in all areas related to this particular field. 

Admission Information 

In addition to the Graduate School requirements, candidates should have a bachelor's 
degree with a major in Spanish Language and Literature, or the equivalent with fluency in the 
written and spoken language. 

Master's Degree Requirements 

The Department offers both a non-thesis option and the thesis option for the master's 
degree. A total of 30 credit hours are required for the non-thesis option with three credits in 
linguistics: three credits in literary theory and/or criticism: fifteen credits in either Spanish or 
Spanish- American literature, one of which is to be considered the candidate's "major" 
literature; and nine credits in the other or "non-major" literature. A one-credit course in 
methodology is required of all teaching assistants. Students must also submit a written 
scholarly paper in the final semester of their program which will be read and evaluated by at 
least two appropriate faculty members. 

Students who choose to write a thesis must meet the same criteria stated above, except that 
the course requirement in the "major" literature is reduced from fifteen to nine credits with six 
hours of thesis research credit required. All M.A. candidates must take a comprehensive 
examination. 



Spanish Language and Literature Program (SPAP) 227 



Doctoral Degree Requirements 

The doctoral degree is a research and specialized degree and it docs not require a fixed 
number Of credit hours. Before admission to candidacy, the student must demonstrate: 1) a 
thorough knowledge of the literal) production in the chosen area (Spanish or Spanish- 
American Literature): 2) an in-depth knowledge of the Held of specialization; 3) proficienc) 

in at least one field ol the other Hispanic literature: 4) a reading knowledge of a language other 
than Spanish and English, to be used as a research tool in the field of specialization: 5) one 
course in linguistics, such as "History of the Spanish Language": 6) a minimum of one course 
in literarx theor\ and/or criticism: 7) acquaintance with a third literature (e.g. Luso-Brazilian, 
French, or English): and 8) a background in supporting fields to be used as research tools (e.g. 
history, philosophy, political science, sociology, or art). Students must pass a comprehensive 
examination and have their dissertation proposal approved for admission to candidacy, and 
present a dissertation. 

Facilities and Special Resources 

In addition to the resources of the University libraries, students have easy access to the 
Library of Congress and other Washington-based libraries and archives. National Archives-II. 
located on University grounds, is readily accessible to the Campus community. Dr. Sosnow ski 
is the founder and editor of the literary journal Hispamerica. The graduate students publish 
Ojo de buey. a cultural magazine. 

The Department publishes the "Discovering the Americas" Working Papers Series and. in 
association with the Latin American Studies Center, two additional series of occasional papers 
under the general rubric "The Languages and Cultures of Latin America." In recent years, the 
Department has been the recipient of major grants from The Rockefeller Foundation and from 
the National Endowment for the Humanities. 

Financial Assistance 

Financial assistance in the form of fellow ships and assistantships is available for qualified 
applicants. 

Additional Information 

For additional information please contact: 

Prof. Jorge Aguilar-Mora 
Department of Spanish and Portuguese 
University of Maryland 
College Park, MD 20742 
(301)405-6446 

For courses, see code SPAP. 



228 Special Education Program (EDSP) 



Special Education Program (EDSP) 

Chair: Burke 

Professors: Burke, Egel, Graham, Hebeler 

Associate Professors: Beckman, Cooper, Harris, Kohl, Leone, Moon, Speece 

Assistant Professors: Anderson, Harry, Lieber, Neubert, Nolet 

Research Associates: Adger, Florian, McLaughlin, Page-Voth 

Graduate studies in the Department of Special Education include programs leading to 
Master of Arts and Master of Education degrees, Advanced Graduate Specialist certificates, 
and Doctor of Education and Doctor of Philosophy degrees. Areas of concentration may 
include: learning disabilities; behavior disorders; severe disabilities (including autism); early 
childhood (including infancy); gifted and talented; educationally handicapped; and secondary 
and transition special education. Concentrations in special education administration and 
supervision and policy studies are also available at the doctoral level. 

Historically, employment opportunities for special education graduates have been excellent. 
Students who graduate with a master's degree in special education may find many leadership 
positions in the public schools such as master teachers. Opportunities also exist in private 
settings in positions such as coordinators, administrators or other specialized support staff. 
Doctoral degree graduates may find university faculty positions or professional staff positions 
in state departments of education, the federal government and in the public schools. Private 
agencies and organizations may also seek doctoral graduates as directors or specialized 
support staff. 

Admission Information 

The master's program requires a 3.0 undergraduate grade point average and the submission 
of the Miller Analogies Test or the Graduate Record Examination test scores. Admission to an 
A.G.S. or doctoral program requires a 3.5 grade point average in previous graduate studies and 
either a 3.0 undergraduate grade point average or at least a 40 percentile on the Miller 
Analogies Test or Graduate Record Examination. 

Graduate programs are planned individually by the student and adviser to reflect the 
individual student's background, goals and the level of competency he or she seeks. Individual 
programming by students and advisers allows wide latitude of career direction within the field 
of special education upon completion of graduate study. 

Graduate study in special education requires advanced competencies in the education of 
exceptional children. Students who enter the program with special education certification are 
required to take a minimum of 36 credit hours. Students who enter without academic 
preparation in education are required to take approximately 60 credit hours: students who enter 
with early childhood, elementary or secondary education certification are required to take 
approximately 45 credit hours. Upon completion of the degree, students in each of these 
categories may qualify for Maryland State Certification in Special Education. 



Special Education Program (EDSP) 229 



Master's Degree Requirements 

Students enrolled in the master's degree program in special education may earn the Master 
of Arts degree or the Master of Education degree. Specific basic course requirements in special 
education are the same for either program with differentiation of thesis requirements. The 
student general l\ takes a minimum of 15 hours in special education and determines with his 
or her adviser the specific programs and number of credit hours required according to the 
student's background and career plans. 

Doctoral Degree Requirements 

The Advanced Graduate Specialist certificate in special education is available to students 
who wish to take graduate courses beyond the master's level. The minimum number of 
graduate hours for the A.G.S. is 60. The core of the program should be made up of special 
education courses and other work within the College of Education or other colleges of the 
university as approved by the student's adviser and the special education graduate faculty. 

The Ph.D. in special education is targeted primarily toward research, scholarship and 
educational leadership. The selection of areas of emphasis or the major concentrations listed 
above achieve these goals. Graduate work at the doctoral level can also be done in educational 
administration and supervision, and policy development and implementation for individuals 
with disabilities with a specialized national focus. The Ed.D. is focused on these same areas 
but has an emphasis on applied research and programming. A variety of minor specializations 
taken outside the Department is also possible. Content coursework in the areas of 
administration and policy studies is developed in collaboration with other departments in the 
college and university. 

Students pursuing the doctoral program in special education must have completed the 
Master of Arts degree or the Master of Education degree and may elect to work for either the 
Ed.D. or Ph.D. degree. A student in the doctoral program will generally complete a minimum 
of 90 hours of graduate study of which 30 to 40 hours will be in the major field. Candidates 
must develop doctoral-level competencies in research and in any of the areas of specialization 
listed above that fulfill their professional goals. Students should consult the Department 
Statement on Graduate Programs for more information. 

Facilities and Special Resources 

The special education program's strengths include integrated field experiences, special 
education research facilities and faculty members whose diverse backgrounds enable the 
Department to maintain an integrated approach. 

Financial Assistance 

A limited number of fellowships, assistantships and/or grants are available to qualified 
applicants. 



230 Speech Communication Program (SPCM) 



Additional Information 

Prospective graduate students are requested to consult Graduate Programs in Special 
Education, for additional specific information on Departmental programs, admissions 
procedures and financial aid. To obtain this booklet, please contact: 

Chair 

Special Education Program 

1308 Benjamin Building 

University of Maryland 

College Park, MD 20742 

(301)405-6515 

For courses, see code EDSP. 



Speech Communication Program (SPCM) 

Chair: Wolvin 

Professors: Fink, Freimuth. Solomon, Wolvin 

Associate Professors: Falcione. Gaines. Klumpp. McCaleb 

Assistant Professors: Shaw 

Adjunct Professors: Eadie 

Lecturers: Anderson, Spencer 

The Department of Speech Communication offers graduate study leading to the Master of 
Arts and Doctor of Philosophy degrees. Areas of study include health communication, 
organizational communication, political communication, inter-personal communication, 
cognition and persuasion, instructional communication, intercultural communication, 
communication research methodology, argumentation, history of rhetoric, rhetorical theory, 
and public address. 

Students with both research and pre-professional objectives enter the master's program and 
about one-half of them pursue doctoral study or an academic career. Others find employment 
after graduation in public health communication, personnel training and development, 
corporate communication, government policy research and speechwriting and other areas that 
require a highly developed knowledge of human communication. In the doctoral program, 
which is a research degree, the vast majority of the students pursue academic careers. Others 
work in public policy research, public health communication research, and other professions 
requiring highly developed research skills. 

Admission Information 

Admission to both the M.A. and Ph.D. programs is based on the student's prior academic 
record, GRE scores, letters of recommendation, statement of interest in graduate work, and 
other information relevant to the applicant's chances of successfully completing the program. 
Although most students will have a prior degree in communication, others with an interest in 
studying communication are routinely admitted with additional courses assigned to remedy 
deficiencies. 



Speech Communication Program (SPCM) 231 



Master's Degree Requirements 

A minimum of 30 hours is required for the master's degree. Students who select the thesis 
option complete an original research project that contributes significantly to our knowledge of 
human communication. Those who select the non-thesis option complete a comprehensive 
examination and revise a research paper in their area of interest suitable for public presentation 
or publication. All students, regardless of option, are required to attain minimal knowledge of 
the fundamentals of communication inquiry (assessed through a foundations exam) and 
competency in both humanistic and social scientific research methods. 

Doctoral Degree Requirements 

The Ph.D. requires ( 1 ) coursework which introduces current research in an area of 
specialization in speech communication, a cognate discipline, and research methods; (2) a 
comprehensive examination which follows completion of the coursework and certifies 
mastery of current knowledge and preparation to conduct independent research; and (3) the 
successful completion of a dissertation which contributes significant new insights to our 
knowledge of human communication. 

Facilities and Special Resources 

The campus provides extensive mainframe and software computer resources and excellent 
library collections in communication. In addition, the Washington metropolitan area provides 
research and laboratory facilities for studying communication unmatched by other research 
departments in the discipline. Students in health communication have opportunities to work 
with Departmental research teams and participate in internship programs at the National 
Institutes of Health, the American Red Cross and other public health organizations. Students 
in organizational communication work with a broad range of voluntary, governmental, 
business and professional organizations that make the nation's capital their home. Students in 
political communication are immersed in the formal and informal institutions of American 
government. Students in rhetoric and public address draw upon the holdings of the Library of 
Congress, the National Archives and many public and private archival collections such as the 
Smithsonian Institution and the George Meany Center for Labor Studies. 

Also, the Speech Communication Colloquium Series allows students the opportunity to 
interact with noted communication scholars from across the country. Each semester several 
outside speakers come to College Park to present their current research in a public forum. 

Financial Assistance 

Most Departmental financial aid is in the form of teaching assistantships. Also, the 
Department nominates outstanding applicants for competitive Graduate School fellowships. 
To be considered for aid, the deadline for Fall semester is February 1 . The final deadline for 
consideration for aid for Spring semester is October 1. Only M.A. students are admitted for 
the Spring semester. 



232 Survey Methodology Program (SURV) 



Additional Information 

For additional information on graduate study in Speech Communication, contact: 



Director of Graduate Studies 
Department of Speech Communication 
University of Maryland 
College Park, MD 20742-1221 
(301)405-6519 

For courses, see code SPCH. 



Survey Methodology Program (SURV) 

Director: Presser 

Associate Director: Groves 

Faculty: Belli, Brick, Couper, Kalton, Lepkowski, Mathiowetz, Mikulski, Neustadtl, Rust, 

Schwarz, Smith, Tourangeau, Yang 

The Survey Methodology Program blends together faculty with diverse disciplinary 
backgrounds, all devoted to teaching state-of-the-art practices in the statistical and 
methodological aspects of surveys. The program's faculty come from the University of 
Maryland, University of Michigan, and Westat, Inc., a survey organization. 

SURV offers a Master of Science in Survey Methodology with two areas of concentration: 
Statistical Science and Social Science. The statistical science concentration is designed for 
students who wish to specialize in areas such as sample design, estimation in complex 
samples, variance estimation, statistical measurement error models, and statistical adjustments 
for missing data. The social science concentration is designed for students who wish to 
specialize in areas such as questionnaire design, design of interviewing systems, computer 
assisted data collection, modes of data collection, cognitive psychological applications to 
survey measurement, and nonsampling error reduction. 

Admission Information 

Applicants to the M.S. program are expected to hold a baccalaureate degree from a 
regionally accredited institution with a minimum of a "B" average. Post-baccalaureate 
coursework and relevant work experience will also be used in the application evaluation. The 
GRE examination is not required. However, applicants who have little on-the-job experience 
with survey research or who are currently undergraduates are encouraged to submit GRE 
scores for evaluation as part of the admissions review. 

Entry to the statistical science concentration requires three undergraduate courses in 
calculus, one in linear algebra, and one in statistics. Entry to the social science concentration 
requires two undergraduate quantitative courses, at least one of which is in statistics, and at 
least 2 undergraduate courses in the social sciences. 



Survey Methodology Program (SURV) 233 



Master's Degree Requirements 

SURV olicrs a non-thesis program, however students in both the statistical science and 
social science concentrations must fulfill a research experience requirement, yielding a 
scholarly paper. This paper must be the result of cither original research conducted by the 
student, critical analysis, or evaluation of existing surveys. 

Facilities and Special Resources 

SURV has the goal of offering training to all qualified students, regardless of the 
employment sector of interest to them. Several features of the program are designed with the 
working student in mind. Many class times are tailored to be compatible with the work day; a 
12-month curriculum offers core courses throughout the year; and research experience 
requirements are integrated with work activities. 

Courses have been offered at a Federal agency facility located in Washington, D.C. and 
interactive 2-way audio/video transmission equipment is used to transmit some courses 
between the College Park campus and the Ann Arbor campus of the University of Michigan. 

Financial Assistance 

The program is committed to the goal of achieving a multicultural/multiracial campus and 
actively encourages application from minority students. The University of Maryland Graduate 
School offers fellowships to black students seeking full-time graduate study who are U.S. 
citizens or permanent residents aliens. There are also a limited number of awards for other 
minorities, such as Hispanic Americans and Native American Indians, who are 
underrepresented in graduate education. For further information on these awards, telephone 
the Office of Graduate Minority Affairs at 301-405-4185 or 1-800-245-4723; or fax 301-314- 
9305. 

Additional Information 

For more information, contact: 

Jane Rice 

Assistant to the Director 

SURV 

1218 Lefrak Hall 

University of Maryland 

College Park. MD 20742 

(301)314-7911. 

For courses, see code SURV. 



234 Sustainable Development and Conservation Biology Program (CONS) 



Sustainable Development and Conservation Biology Program (CONS) 

Acting Director: Inouye (ZOOL) 

Professors: Barbosa (ENTM), Brown (AREC), Denno (ENTM), Gill (ZOOL), Hueth 

(AREC), McConnell (AREC), Reaka-Kudla (ZOOL) 

Associate Professors: Borgia (ZOOL), Fetter (PUAF), Forseth (BOTN), Inouye (ZOOL), 

Wilkinson (ZOOL) 

Assistant Professors: Dietz (ZOOL), Dudash (BOTN), Fenster (BOTN), 

The principal objective of the Program is to provide graduate training in Conservation 
Biology. This emerging field of study is driven by the current and future demise of 
biodiversity, accelerating global change, environmental decay, and the complex relationship 
between resolving these concerns and meeting the needs of the human population. More 
generally, the program's objectives are to: 1) Provide broad, multidisciplinary training in the 
core areas of biological conservation, resource economics, and policy analysis, and 2) 
Explicitly link the conflicting topics of sound conservation of natural resources with 
sustainable development to meet human needs. 

Master's degree holders will be well-prepared to address conservation issues for employers 
in the private sector and in local, state and national government posts; and to enter University 
of Maryland Ph.D. programs for further, specialized training. 

The Program will have a particular emphasis on Latin America, and we estimate that about 
half of the approximately 12 students we admit each year will come from that geographical 
area. 

Admission Information 

Applicants must have an undergraduate degree, and undergraduate training in at least one 
of the areas of ecology, economics (microeconomics), or policy. Applications require official 
transcripts, three letters of recommendation, a statement of purpose for applying, and 
satisfactory results from the Graduate Record Exam. Foreign applicants must demonstrate 
proficiency in English by taking the TOEFL or another English-language test. 

Master's Degree Requirements 

This Master's of Science program was initiated in 1991 to provide new training and 
educational emphasis in the area of conservation and sustainable development. The program 
applies an interdisciplinary and experiential approach to the problems of biological 
conservation in relation to economic development necessary to meet human needs. It includes 
four components: (1) Core courses in each of: ecology and conservation biology, resource 
economics, public policy, multi-disciplinary problem solving; (2) Elective courses from a 
wide array of disciplines; (3) An internship experience for one semester or summer in an 
agency relevant to the student's career interests; (4) A thesis that uses readily available data to 
analyze a conservation or development project from the perspective of biological conservation 
and economic benefits and leads to policy recommendations. 

Course requirements for the program total 39 credits. This is intended to be a two-year 
program. 



Systems Engineering Program (ENSE) 235 



Facilities and Special Resources 

The program was originated and is directed by faculty from the Department <>l /.oology but 
is campus-wide in scope. Thus, students will have access to a wide range of laboratory and 
other facilities on campus and to the many special state, federal and international agencies 
unique to the Washington, D.C., area. 

Financial Assistance 

Students applying to the Program may be nominated for graduate fellowships or may be 
supported on graduate assistantships. Fellowship and assistantship offers are made on the 
basis of past academic performance, research potential and availability of funds. 

Additional Information 

If you would like additional information on this program, please contact: 

Dr. David Inouye, Acting Director 
Graduate Program in CONS 
Department of Zoology 
University of Maryland 
College Park, MD 20742 
(301)405-7409 
FAX: (301) 314-9566 

For courses, see codes CONS, ZOOL, ENTM, PUAF, AREC, BOTN, GEOG. 



Systems Engineering Program (ENSE) 

Director: Asbjornsen 

Professors: Ball (BMGT); Shneiderman (CMSC); McAvoy (ENCH); Baras, Blankenship, 

Ephremides, Krishnaprasad, Levine, Makowski, Marcus, Tits (ENEE); Anand, Tsai (ENME); 

Asbjornsen (ENNU); Berenstein, Kedem (MATH) 

Associate Professors: Hevner (BMGT); Nau (CMSC); Akin (ENAE); Zarifiou (ENCH); 

Abed, Farvardin, Geraniotis, Narayan, Shamma, Shayman (ENEE); Harhalakis, Pecht 

(ENME) 

Assistant Professors: Hendler (CMSC); Celi (ENAE); Austin (ENCE); Mavrovouniotis 

(ENCH); Dayawansa, Fuja, Liu, Milor, Papamarcou (ENEE); Minis, Zhang (ENME) 

Assistant Research Scientists: Loncaric, Dayhoff (SRC) 

The College of Engineering, through the Systems Research Center, offers a graduate 
program leading to the Master of Science degree in Systems Engineering. Specialization is 
possible in automation systems, computer systems, information systems, manufacturing 
systems, process systems, and operations research. The Program draws upon the expertise of 
the SRC's interdisciplinary faculty, as shown above. It provides broad and generalized 
training in systems engineering principles as they have developed in industrial and 
government practices and gives deeper and more specialized training in systems engineering 
within the various branches of the engineering profession. The Program requires a good 



236 Systems Engineering Program (ENSE) 



general foundation in science and technology, at least the equivalent of a bachelor's degree in 
engineering or physical science. Prior industrial experience is an added advantage. 

Admission Information 

All applicants must meet the general admission requirements of the Graduate School. In 
addition, applicants must have a minimum 3.0 GPA from an accredited undergraduate 
program in engineering, mathematics, or physical science. Requirements for the master's 
thesis (non-thesis option is not available) are those of the Graduate School. All requirements 
must be completed within 5 years. 

Master's Degree Requirements 

A total of 30 credit hours of course work must be taken (four courses from the systems 
engineering core, three courses from the management core, and three elective courses). The 
elective courses must be taken from one specialization area. In addition, a systems engineering 
thesis project demonstrating the practical implications of systems engineering principles is 
required (6 credit hours). The thesis project, which may be related to a practical industrial 
system, must be supervised by a faculty member. In addition to the M.S. degree, the 
department also offers a Master of Engineering (M.E.) degree. 

Facilities and Special Resources 

The laboratory environment, an essential component in the development of both research 
and education programs at the Systems Research Center, provides inter-disciplinary 
opportunities for faculty and students to work together. Fourteen laboratories are associated 
with the Center, ten of which are key constituent laboratories. 

Integrated design of automation and information engineering systems guides the real-life 
experiments and research in all the laboratories. The integration of symbolic and numerical 
computation is emphasized. Symbolic languages such as LISP, PROLOG, and MACSYMA 
offer a superior medium for design problem definition, conceptualization, implementation, 
and engineering systems modeling. Prototype designs both in hardware and software have led 
to technological discoveries and patentable inventions. 

Financial Assistance 

Financial assistance may be available to graduate students in the form of graduate research 
assistantships, teaching assistantships and fellowships (from the SRC or the Graduate School). 
Normally, assistantships and/or fellowships provide remission of tuition (10 credits per 
semester) and other benefits. Financial assistance is awarded, subject to the availability of 
funds, and is renewable based upon satisfactory academic and research progress. 

Additional Information 

Information regarding the program may be obtained by writing to: 

M.S. Program in Systems Engineering 
Systems Research Center 



Telecommunications Program (ENTS) 237 



A.V. Williams Building ( 
University of Maryland 

College Park, MD 20742 
(301)403-6631 

For courses, see code ENSE. 



15) 



Telecommunications Program (ENTS) 

Director: Destler 

Professors: Agrawala, Ball, Destler, Ephremides, Farvardin, Grimm, Miller 

Associate Professors: Fetter, Fuja. Krapfel, Taylor, Windle 

Assistant Professors: Wally 

The cross-disciplinary M.S. Program in Telecommunications combines rigorous technical 
coursework in communications systems and networks provided by the Electrical Engineering 
and Computer Science Departments with complementary coursework in telecommunications 
industry management and international regulatory policy. ENTS is offered by the College of 
Business and Management and the School of Public Affairs. The program, which carries a 
special tuition rate, is designed to meet the needs of the telecommunications industry for 
technically competent employees with a sufficiently broad educational background to assume 
significant leadership positions within the industry. 

Admission Information 

Admission to the cross-disciplinary M.S. Program in Telecommunications is based upon 1) 
quality of undergraduate and graduate coursework, 2) three letters of recommendation, and 3) 
other relevant information and professional experience. Because of the rigorous technical 
coursework required of all students enrolled in the program, successful applicants will 
typically hold B.S. degrees in engineering, computer science, or other technical fields. 

Master's Degree Requirements 

Requirements for completion of the M.S. degree include 35 credit hours of required 
coursework (detailed below) with a cumulative grade point average of at least 3.0/4.0. A grade 
of 60% or higher must be achieved on the M.S. Comprehensive Exam to be taken upon 
completion of all coursework. Specific coursework requirements include: 12 credit hours of 
required technical coursework to include Principles of Telecommunications, Communication 
Networks, Design and Analysis of Telecommunication Systems, and Network Protocols; 6 
credit hours of required course work in telecommunications industry management including 
Management and Organizational Behavior in the Telecommunications Industry, and 
Telecommunications Marketing Management; 6 required credit hours on telecommunications 
industry policy comprised of Telecommunications Policy, and The Economics of 
International Telecommunications Regulation; 2 credit hours of a Telecommunications 
Seminar; and 3 hours for a Telecommunications Project required of all students. 



238 Theatre Program (THET) 



Additionally, 6 credit hours of elective offerings are to be selected from the following list: 
Network Management 
Network Security 

Network Software Design and Performance 
Digital Signal Processing 

Facilities and Special Resources 

A dedicated Telecommunications Laboratory is available to support required and elective 
course offerings and student projects. The Telecommunications Laboratory consists of a 
number of networked Digital ALPHA workstations with communication system simulation 
and digital signal processing software packages available to all users. 

Financial Assistance 

Limited financial assistance is available, primarily in the form of scholarships. Those 
interested in financial aid should submit the normal application for financial aid together with 
their graduate school application forms. 

Additional Information 

A brochure and information packet describing the program in detail including descriptions 
of all courses is available upon request from the program office. For this and any other 
information individuals should contact: 

Prof. William W. Destler, Director 
M.S. in Telecommunications 
Electrical Engineering Department 
University of Maryland 
College Park, MD 20742 
(301)405-3683 

For courses, see code ENEE. 



Theatre Program (THET) 

Chair: Meersman 

Professors: Gillespie, Meersman 

Associate Professors: Hebert, O'Leary 

Assistant Professors: Anderson, Coustaut, Huang, Patterson, Schuler, Ufema 

Instructor: Wagner 

Lecturers: Kriebs 

The Department of Theatre offers graduate study leading to the degrees of Master of Arts, 
Master of Fine Arts, and Doctor of Philosophy. Areas of emphasis in the Master's program are 
directing, lighting design, costume design, stage design, technical theatre, theatre 
management, history and criticism. The M.A. program is designed to enhance and develop 



Theatre Program (THET) 239 



students 1 practical, historical, and critical knowledge of theatre so thai the) ma> go on to 
graduate work in l'h.l). or M.F.A programs, or upgrade their skills for high-school teaching. 

The three-year M.F.A degree oliers superior students advanced training and opportunities 
for creative activity. The program prepares the student to enter the professional theatre or to 

teach in the creative areas at colleges or universities. The areas ol concentration are costume 
design, lighting design and theatre management. 

The l'h.l). is a research degree. Areas of doctoral study are theatre history, theatre aesthetics, 
theatrical theory, and theatre criticism. In conjunction with the language and literature 
departments of the College of Arts and Humanities, extensive study in dramatic literature is 
also available. Most students pursue academic careers as teachers and researchers although 
some pursue careers in the various professional areas of theatre. 

Admission Information 

In addition to the Graduate School requirements, students desiring admission to any 
program must provide acceptable Graduate Record Examination scores, three letters of 
recommendation, prior academic transcripts, and a statement of interest. M.F.A. applicants 
must also provide a portfolio. In most cases if applicants do not have the equivalent of an 
undergraduate major in their field of interest, they must take coursework in preparation for 
subsequent admission. 

Master's Degree Requirements 

The Master of Arts requires a minimum of 33 credit hours. The Department offers both the 
thesis and non-thesis options. All students undertaking the M.A. degree must pass a six-hour 
comprehensive examination on theatre history and criticism, performance and directing, and 
design and technical theatre. The M.F.A. degree requires 60 credit hours. All students 
undertaking the M.F.A. degree must pass a comprehensive examination and complete a thesis. 

Doctoral Degree Requirements 

In addition to a general framework of study, an individualized program approved by a 
committee of theatre faculty guides students' preparation for a 12 hour (minimum) 
preliminary examination. A typical program for those with prior degrees in theatre or related 
areas involves 36-45 hours beyond the master's degree. Following successful completion of 
the examination, students must complete a dissertation that contributes significant new 
knowledge to the study of theatre. 

Facilities and Special Resources 

The campus is within a few miles of the John F. Kennedy Center for the Performing Arts. 
Arena Stage, the National Theatre, Ford's Theatre, The Shakespeare Theatre at the Lansburgh. 
and the Olney Theatre. In addition, the Washington D.C. area is home to a number of Equity 
and non-Equity theatres, dinner theatres, and experimental theatres. 

Two of the greatest libraries in the world, the Library of Congress and the Folger 
Shakespeare Library, are in close proximity to campus. Students also make regular use of the 



240 Toxicology Program (TOXI) 



Smithsonian Institution, the Federal Theatre Project Archives, the National Archives, and 
more than 50 specialized libraries and institutions in the Washington metropolitan area. 

The Department has use of three theatres: the 1300-seat Tawes Theatre, the intimate 100- 
seat Pugliese Theatre, and the 45-seat Experimental Theatre. 

Financial Assistance 

The Department nominates outstanding applicants for competitive University fellowships. 
Most Departmental aid, however, is in the form of teaching assistantships for which students 
may apply directly. The deadline for Departmental assistantship applications is March 1 . 

Additional Information 

For additional information on graduate study in Theatre at the University of Maryland, 
contact: 

Director of Graduate Studies 
Department of Theatre 
0202 Tawes Fine Arts 
University of Maryland 
College Park, MD 20742-1215 
(301)405-6676 
FAX: (301) 314-9599 

For courses, see code THET. 

Toxicology Program (TOXI) 

The program in Toxicology is University-wide, using faculty and resources at College Park, 
Baltimore City and County, Eastern Shore campuses as well as the Chesapeake Biological 
Laboratory of the Center for Environmental and Estuarine Studies. The Program's objectives 
are to provide educational and professional training opportunities in fundamental and applied 
fields of toxicology leading to Master of Science and Doctor of Philosophy degrees. Graduates 
from this Program will be highly qualified to conduct research, teach and provide services to 
federal, state and local governments, industry, labor and the public. 

Laboratory and lecture courses are offered in both basic and applied aspects of toxicology 
(occupational, environmental, clinical, analytical and regulatory) as well as in biochemistry, 
chemistry, epidemiology, pharmacology, pathology and biostatistics. Every effort is made to 
individualize the student's program and to encourage students to take advantage of appropriate 
graduate courses at all University of Maryland campuses. 

Specialization at the doctoral level will be available in various areas such as aquatic and 
marine toxicology, neurotoxicology, occupational toxicology, environmental toxicology, 
regulatory toxicology, drug toxicology and others depending on the interest of the student. 

For further information, please contact: Dr. Michael Raupp, Rm. 1300, Symons Hall, 
University of Maryland. MD 20742. 



Urban Studies and Planning Program (CMPL) 241 



Urban Studies and Planning Program (CMPL) 

Director: I low kind 

Professors: Baum, Hanna, Levin 

Associate Professors: Brow or. Chen. Howland 

Instructors: Cohen 

Lecturers: A\ in. Karina 

The Urban Studies and Planning Program offers graduate study leading to the Master ol 
Community planning degree. This Program has recently been reorganized and newly 
incorporated into the School of Architecture. Students enrolled in the Program have diverse 
academic backgrounds, such as architecture, fine arts, English, history, business, geography. 
sociology, economics, and political science. The Program's faculty specialize in metropolitan 
and regional planning, housing, environmental and land use planning, social policy, 
quantitative planning methods, urban design.and economic development planning. 
Employment opportunities remain strong for graduates in a highly competitive field. The 
Baltimore-Washington metropolitan region offers diverse employment potential in urban 
planning, and program management, in the public, private, and non-profit sectors. 

Admission Information 

Application requirements: 1) Graduate School application, 2) statement of purpose, 3) three 
letters of recommendation, 4) official academic transcripts for all undergraduate and any 
previous graduate work. 5) Graduate Record Examination (GRE) scores (where required - see 
below), and 6) an application fee of $40. 

Applicants are required to have a minimum undergraduate grade point average (GPA) of 
3.0. Applicants with a GPA of 3.2 (or higher) from an accredited university within the United 
States need not take the GRE. 

Master's Degree Information 

Graduation requires satisfactory completion of 51 credits of course work. The 12 credits in 
core courses introduce students to the foundations of city and regional planning, research 
methods, process, and history. An additional 9 "spread" credits give students a grounding in 
physical, social and economic planning. An additional 9 credits are required for a 
specialization. Specializations include housing, economic development, social planning and 
management, urban design, and land use/environmental planning. A studio and internship are 
required. Courses may be listed under URSP. 

The M.A. in Urban Studies is in the process of elimination. Students are not being accepted 
for this degree. 

Facilities and Special Resources 

The University of Maryland is an excellent location for the pursuit of community planning 
and research, and graduate students are encouraged to take advantage of the opportunities. The 
university is eight miles from the incomparable library and research facilities of Washington, 
D.C. In the nations's capital, UMCP graduate students have access to, among other resources, 



242 Zoology Program (ZOOL) 



the Library of Congress, the specialized collections of professional associations and 
international organizations, and agencies at all levels of government. 

The College Park campus is a 45-minute drive from Baltimore City, whose planning 
programs have gained national attention. A planning studio is offered each Fall in Baltimore. 
Baltimore City, as well as Washington, D.C., are ideal laboratories for students interested in 
research on urban issues and planning. 

Additional Information 

For further information please contact: 

Director of Graduate Studies 

Urban Studies and Planning Program 

1117LefrakHall 

College Park, MD 20742-8225 

(301)405-6790 

For courses, see code ARCH, URSP. 



Zoology Program (ZOOL) 

Chair: Popper 

Professors: Carter, Colombini, Gill, Highton, Pierce, Popper, Reaka-Kudla, Sebens 

Associate Professors: Ades, Barnett, Borgia, Chao, Cohen, Goode, Higgins, Imberski, 

Inouye, Palmer, Payne, Small, Wilkinson 

Assistant Professors: Carr, Dietz, Stephan, Tanda 

Adjunct Professors: Kleiman, Manning, Morton, O'Brien, Potter, Smith-Gill 

Adjunct Associate Professors: Breitburg, Hines, Piatt, Wemmer 

Adjunct Assistant Professors: Braun, Brennan 

Affiliate Professor: Chen 

Affiliate Associate Professors: Jackson 

Affiliate Assistant Professor: Yager 

Note: Some courses in this program may require the use of animals. Please see the Statement 
on Animal Care and Use in the Appendix and the Policy Statement for Students under "Degree 
Requirements." 

The Department of Zoology offers graduate study leading to the Master of Science (thesis 
and non-thesis) and Doctor of Philosophy degrees with specialization in the following fields: 
behavior, biophysics, cell biology, ecology, estuarine and marine biology, genetics, 
invertebrate zoology, molecular biology, neurobiology, physiology, systematics and 
evolutionary biology. 

Admission Information 

Admission to the Department of Zoology's graduate program requires a bachelor's degree 
from a recognized undergraduate institution. In addition, course work in calculus, physics and 



Zoology Program (ZOOL) 243 



organic chemistr) is required. Able students who lack preparation in a particular area may be 
admitted, provided that the deficiency is corrected early during graduate studs . The 
Department requires Graduate Record Examination scores, including the subject test, which 
should be taken in some area o( biology. 

Master's Degree Requirements 

The thesis option of the master's program enables a student to engage in advanced study and 
to undertake a research project. The degree may also demonstrate the student's research abilits 
and lead to the continuation of graduate work for the Ph.D. in the same or related area. The 
general Graduate School rules are the only requirements. All requirements for the master's 
degree are to be completed within a three-year period. A final oral examination on the thesis 
is given whenever the student has completed all other requirements for the degree. 

The non-thesis master's program provides opportunity for advanced education and a 
terminal degree for those who are not research-oriented. All non-thesis master's students are 
required to complete at least 30 hours of coursework, and 1 8 or more of these credits must be 
at the 600 level or above in zoology or appropriate related fields. No fewer than 16 hours of 
courses must be in zoology and three of these courses should be in a single area of 
specialization. In addition, at least one satisfactory scholarly paper must be written in an area 
approved by the student's adviser. A written comprehensive examination in three areas of 
zoology must be passed before the degree is awarded. All requirements must be completed 
within a three-year period. 

Doctoral Degree Requirements 

The Ph.D. program in Zoology is a research program providing maximum oppo .unity for 
the student to evolve and develop his or her capacity for scholarship and independent work. 
Opportunity is provided for in-depth study in an area of specialization. A doctoral candidate 
must complete at least 30 credit hours of advanced coursework, including a minimum of 12 
semester hours of doctoral research. A formal preliminary examination is given to all doctoral 
students within the first two and a half years of enrollment in the Department. This is an oral 
examination that focuses primarily on determining whether the student has the proper 
motivation, intellectual capacity and curiosity, and educational background. The exam also 
determines if the student has or can develop the technical skills to successfully pursue the 
Ph.D. program. However, there is no formal restriction on the extent or the range of the 
questions asked of the candidate. The doctoral dissertation must be completed and defended 
usually within three, but preferably two, years after successful completion of the preliminary 
examinations. 

Facilities and Special Resources 

The Zoology Department's share of the Zoology-Psychology Building provides adequate 
space for graduate instruction and research. The research laboratories are well equipped with 
a wide variety of scientific instrumentation. In addition, the Department has special suites for 
both transmission and scanning electronmicroscopy. constant temperature rooms, four sound- 
proof rooms (one being an anechoic chamber designed specifically for sophisticated research 
in ethology), photographic darkrooms, sterile transfer rooms and a histotechnology suite. 



244 Zoology Program (ZOOL) 



Additional research opportunities are available to students through the Department's 
association with staff members of the National Institutes of Health, U.S. Department of 
Agriculture. Smithsonian Institution. National Zoo and several marine laboratories. 

Although the Department maintains no library of its own, the University has a fine graduate 
library housing a Science and Technology Division. In addition, facilities such as the National 
Library of Medicine and the Department of Agriculture Library, as well as the Library of 
Congress, greatly expand the library materials within relatively easy access to the Department. 

Financial Assistance 

Qualified graduate students normally receive teaching assistantships, which require 
laboratory supervision and examination grading, and serve as valuable training for future 
careers that involve teaching. Graduate fellowships are available on a competitive basis to 
both entering and continuing students. In addition, faculty advisers may have grant support to 
provide graduate research assistantships for their students. 

Additional Information 

Students are urged to communicate directly with the faculty in the area of their interest, but 
additional general information and a statement of particular Departmental requirements may 
be obtained by contacting: 

Director of Graduate Studies 

Department of Zoology 

2231 Zoology-Psychology Building 

University of Maryland 

College Park, MD 20742 

(301)405-6905 

For courses, see code ZOOL. 



Gerontology Certificate Program 245 



Certificate Programs 



Gerontology Certificate Program 

Director: Wilson 
Professors: Meiners, Wilson 

The Graduate Gerontology Certificate Program is available to students who are completing 
or have already completed their master's or doctoral degrees. It is an interdisciplinary program 
whose curriculum is divided into three components: academic course work, research, and field 
training experience. 

Admission Information 

In order to be eligible for the Gerontology Certificate Program a student must be accepted 
into a master's or doctoral degree program. Students who already have an advanced degree 
should apply to the Graduate School as an Advanced Special Student in order to pursue the 
Certificate. Students with Advanced Special Student status may take up to six credits before 
applying to a degree program. 

Master's Degree Requirements 

Eighteen semester credits of aging-related courses are required. Of these eighteen credits, 
nine credits should be chosen from the list of core courses in gerontology: three credits from 
each of the three areas of physical bases, psychological bases, and the social bases of aging. 
Another three to six credits may be taken to satisfy the internship requirement: and the 
remaining credits may be chosen from either the core or complementary courses in 
gerontology. At least twelve of the required hours must carry 600-level or above designation. 

Master's level Certificate students must complete either a master's thesis or two seminar 
papers on an aging-related topic, depending upon Departmental requirements. Only one 
seminar paper is required of a "Certificate Only" student if that student did not complete an 
aging-related thesis previously. 

Doctoral Degree Requirements 

Twenty-one credit hours of aging-related courses are required. Of these, nine credit hours 
must be chosen from the list of core courses in gerontology: three credits from each of the three 
areas of physical bases, psychological bases, and social bases of aging. Another three to six 
credits must be taken to satisfy the internship requirement; and the remaining nine credits may 
be chosen from either the core or complementary courses in gerontology. At least twelve of 
the hours must carry 600-level or above designation. 

Doctoral level Certificate students must complete a dissertation on an aging- related topic. 
"Certificate Only" doctoral students may complete a seminar paper if their dissertation was 
not on an aging-related topic. 



246 Historic Preservation Certificate Program 



A student is awarded the Graduate Gerontology Certificate upon completion of established 
requirements and the degree program, except for the "Certificate Only" student. 

Additional Information 

A complete description of the requirements for the Graduate Gerontology Certificate and 
the admission process is available upon request from: 

Center on Aging 
University of Maryland 
College Park, MD 20742-261 1 
(301)405-2469 



Historic Preservation Certificate Program 

Director: Fogle 

Chair: Flack 

Committee Members: Brower (URSP), Evans (HIST), Flack (HIST). Fogle (ARCH), 

Groves (GEOG). Leone (ANTH), Scarfo (HORT), Sies (AMST), Stokes (National Trust for 

Historic Preservation Library) 

The Historic Preservation Graduate Certificate program augments the degree work of 
Master of Architecture, Master of Arts and Doctor of Philosophy students in the six 
cooperating academic units: American Studies, Anthropology, Architecture, Geography, 
History, Horticulture, and Urban Studies and Planning. 

Admission Information 

This 24 credit interdisciplinary program is designed to help prepare students for a range of 
careers in the planning, management and conservation of significant cultural, natural and 
historical resources. Through courses, seminars and internships, students develop the basic 
expertise to become researchers, interpreters, curators, restorationists. archaeologists, 
planners, conservators and administrators in the multi-faceted field of historic preservation. 

Students who seek the Certificate must meet general Graduate School requirements and 
normally they must have been admitted into one of the participating degree programs. 
Application is in the form of a letter to the Committee on Historic Preservation. In making its 
evaluation, the Committee will review relevant material in the Graduate School application. If 
appropriate, the applicant's record as a graduate student or resume generated through 
professional experience will be considered. Interested persons are advised to consult in 
advance with the chair of the Committee. 

Certificate Requirements 

Certificate students, in conjunction with their degree programs, complete the required 
introductory seminar (HISP 600). a survey of preservation law. 15 credit hours of core courses, 
and the final seminar (HISP 700). The total number of semester credit hours will vary 
according to the particular requirements of the specific degree program. 



School of Public Affairs Certificate Program 247 



Facilities and Special Resources 

The Certificate program is directlj related to and substantially enchanced by the National 
Trust for Historic Preservation Library housed on the College Park campus since 19K6. The 
program is further Strengthened by close working relationships with the National Park Service, 
the Maryland Historical Trust, the Maryland Hall of Records, the Maryland National Capital 
Park and Planning Commission. Historic Annapolis. Inc., Preservation Maryland, the 
Baltimore Commission tor Historical and Architectural Preservation Maryland, and the 
Montgomery and Prince George's County Historic Preservation Commissions. Practical 
experience can be gained through ongoing summer projects at the Chalfonte Hotel in Cape 
May, New Jersey and at Kiplin hall in North Yorkshire, England. 

Financial Assistance 

HISP's principal form of financial aid is the Prince George's Heritage Preservation 
Fellowship, an annual competitive award which provides a matching tuition waiver and 
stipend for a Certificate student whose Prince George's County related project is judged by the 
faculty and the sponsor to be especially outstanding and promising. Additionally, there are 
possibilities of paid internships with the National Park Service and the Historic American 
Building Survey/Historic American Engineering Record. Certificate students may be teaching 
assistants in related academic units. Also, students in the Certificate Program are specially 
eligible for the annual Margaret Cook Award, a cash prize endowed by Prince George's 
Heritage, Inc., and the Prince George's county Historical and Cultural Trust. 

Additional Information 

Complete descriptions of academic offerings and requirements may be obtained from the 
Committee on Historic Preservation. Please contact: 

Dr. J. Kirkpatrick Flack, Chair 
Committee on Historic Preservation 
2101F Francis Scott Key Hall 
University of Maryland 
College Park, MD 20742 
(301)405-4313 

For courses, see code HISP. 



School of Public Affairs Certificate Program 

Director: Stephen Block 
*(see faculty under code PUAF) 

The School of Public Affairs offers graduate certificates in six areas of public policy studies 
to professionals working in or with the public sector who desire career-enhancing post- 
graduate training but, for a number of reasons, do not find a formal degree program an 
appropriate option. The areas of specialization in the School's Certificate Programs include 



248 School of Public Affairs Certificate Program 



Methods of Policy Analysis, Public Management, National Security Studies, Public Policy & 
Private Enterprise, Housing Finance and Development, and Environmental Policy. 

Admission Information 

Applicants for these Certificate Programs must meet all general Graduate School 
requirements, except standardized test scores (not required for the programs), and must be 
experienced in public policy work. Candidates should be working in the general field of the 
program for which they apply, or be planning to enter that field soon. The admissions 
committee will place primary emphasis on a candidate's work history and recommendations 
from supervisors, but interested applicants who are concerned about their academic record are 
urged to contact the director for assistance. 

Certificate Requirements 

Each of the Certificate Programs at the School of Public Affairs requires eighteen (18) credit 
hours of courses. The individual certificate requirements are as follows: 

1 ) Methods of Policy Analysis - This certificate gives students a general background in the 
quantitative and qualitative tools useful for analyzing public policy, with twelve credit 
hours of analysis methods and six credit hours of electives. 

2) National Security Policy - This certificate includes twelve credit hours of courses 
studying the structure and processes of the U.S. defense policy system and six credit 
hours of electives. 

3) Public Management - This program provides nine credit hours of classes in public sector 
organizational and financial management, with the remaining nine credit hours open for 
electives of the student's choice. 

4) Public Policy and Private Enterprise - This program includes nine credit hours of 
coursework studying the legal and policy framework of government-business 
interaction in the U.S., with nine credit hours of electives for specialization. 

5) Housing Finance and Development - This certificate provides a focus on forming 
partnerships between private developers and government agencies, with three credit 
hours of housing development process, three credit hours of clinical project, and twelve 
credit hours of electives. 

6) Environmental Policy - This program emphasizes policy and technical knowledge with 
six credit hours of analysis methods, nine credit hours of environmental policy analysis, 
and three elective credit hours. 

Facilities and Special Resources 

The School of Public Affairs offers many advantages in studying public policy and policy 
analysis. The School's close proximity to Washington, D.C., Annapolis, and Baltimore, and 
the close ties between its faculty and the active policy-making community, give its students 



Women's Studies Certificate Program 249 



almost unparalleled access to the state and national polic\ arenas. In addition, the School 
regular!) hosts seminars and lecture scries on current issues, offering insights from some ol 
the people closest to the issues m progress. 

Additional Information 

Application materials, along with complete descriptions of the Certificate Programs in the 
School of Public Affairs, are available on request from: 

School of Public Affairs 
:i()l Van Munching Hall 
University of Man. land 
College Park. MD 20742 
(301)405-6330 

For courses, see code PUAF. 



Women's Studies Certificate Program 

Chair: Moses 

Professors: Beck. Dill. Moses. Rosenfelt 

Associate Professors: Bolles. King 

Assistant Professors: Kim 

Affiliate Professors: Beasley (JOUR). Coustaut (RTVF). Diner (AMST), Doherty iCLAS). 

Donawerth (ENGL). Fassinger (EDCP). Frederickson (GERS). Fullinwider (Center for 

Philosophy and Public Policy). Gillespie (THET). Gips (ARTT). Grunig (JOUR). Gullickson 

(HIST). Hage (FRIT). Hallett (CLAS). Harley (AASP), Heidelbach (EDCI). Hult (KNES). 

Kauffman (ENGL). Hunt (SOCY). Lanser (ENGL). Leonardi (ENGL). Leslie (FMCD). 

McCarrick (GVPT). Mclntyre (SOCY), Mossman (FRIT). Muncy (HIST). Oster (GERS). 

Palmer (ZOOL). Parks (AMST). Peterson (CMLT). Pfaf (SPAN), Presser (SOCY). Ray 

(ENGL). Robertson (MUSC), Schuler (THET). Segal (SOCY). Smith (ENGL), Solomon 

(SPCH), Stehle (CLAS). Strauch (GERS). Upton (ENGL). Wali (ANTH). Washington 

(ENGL). Williams (AASP, ECON), Withers (ARTH) 

The Women's Studies Graduate Certificate is designed to supplement the degree work of 
other disciplines. The Certificate is offered to students enrolled in a graduate program at the 
University of Man land at College Park. 

This 18 credit interdisciplinary Certificate will provide students with an integrative and 
interdisciplinary encounter with the contributions and challenges of feminist inquiry. Students 
will be expected to develop a thorough grounding in the new scholarship on women: to acquire 
an understanding of gender as a category of analysis: to analyze and assess theories about the 
role of gender in systems of heirarchy and its intersection with other categories of difference, 
such as race, ethnicity, religion, class, sexuality, physical and mental ability, and age: and to 
acquire an understanding of the challenges posed by the new scholarship on women. 



250 Women's Studies Certificate Program 



Admission Information 

Students who seek the Certificate must meet general Graduate School requirements and 
normally they must have been admitted into a degree program. Applications for admission as 
a Graduate Certificate student are available from the Women's Studies Program. In evaluating 
applicants for the Certificate, the core faculty will review the application materials submitted 
by the applicant. 

Degree Requirements 

Students satisfying the 1 8 credit hours requirement for the Certificate will complete three 
required seminars (9 credits): Advanced Feminist Theory (WMST 601); Power, Gender, and 
the Spectrum of Difference (WMST 611); and Women's Studies Across the Disciplines 
(WMST 62 1 ). Certificate students also must complete another 9 credit hours of courses chosen 
in consultation with their graduate advisor in the Women's Studies Program to support the 
student's degree program. The total number of semester credit hours required for the primary 
graduate degree will vary according to the specific degree program. 

Facilities and Special Resources 

Special facilities on campus include a Women's Studies collection at McKeldin Library, the 
Center for the Study of Population, Gender, and Social Inequality, the National Women's 
Studies Association, and the journal Feminist Studies. Facilities available in the Washington, 
D.C., area include the Library of Congress, and various specialized libraries, such as the 
National Library of Medicine, the National Archives, and the National Institute of Mental 
Health Library. Also accessible are the Washington, D.C., offices of many organizations 
involved in issues of importance to women. 

Financial Assistance 

There are possibilities for paid internships with the offices of various organizations in the 
Washington, D.C., area. Also, Certificate students may apply for teaching or research 
assistantships in Women's Studies or in their primary academic units. 

Additional Information 

Complete descriptions of academic offerings and requirements may be obtained from the 
Women's Studies Program. Please contact: 

Academic Advisor 
Women's Studies Program 
1 1 13 Mill Bldg. 
University of Maryland 
College Park, MD 20742 
(301)405-6877 

For courses, see code WMST. 



AASP - Afro-American Studies 



251 



Course Descriptions 



AASP - Afro-American Studies 

AASP 400 Directed Readings in Afro-American 

Studies (3) 
The readings will be directed by the faculty of Afro- 
American Studies. Topics to be covered will be cho- 
sen to meet the needs and interests of individual stu- 
dents. 

AASP 402 Classic Readings in Afro-American 
Studies (3) 

Classic readings of the social, economic and political 
status of blacks and other minorities in the United 
States and the Americas. 

AASP 410 Contemporary African Ideologies (3) 

Analysis of contemporary African ideologies. Em- 
phasis on philosophies of Nyerere. Nkrumah, Seng- 
hor, Sekou Toure, Kaunda, Cabral, et al. Discussion 
of the role of African ideologies on modernization 
and social change. 

AASP 411 Black Resistance Movements (3) 

A comparative study of the black resistance move- 
ments in Africa and America; analysis of their inter- 
relationships as well as their impact on contemporary 
pan-Africanism. 

AASP 441 Science, Technology, and the Black 

Community (3) 
Prerequisite: AASP 100 or AASP 202 or HIST 255 or 
permission of department. Scientific knowledge and 
skills in solving technological and social problems, 
particularly those faced by the black community. Ex- 
amines the evolution and development of African and 
Afro- American contributions to science. Surveys the 
impact of technological changes on minority commu- 
nities. 

AASP 443 Blacks and the Law (3) 

Prerequisite: AASP 100 or AASP 202 or HIST 255 or 
permission of department. The relationship between 
black Americans and the law, particularly criminal 
law, criminal institutions and the criminal justice sys- 
tem. Examines historical changes in the legal status 
of blacks and changes in the causes of racial dispari- 
ties in criminal involvement and punishments. 

AASP 468 Special Topics in Africa and the 

Americas (3) 
Repeatable to 6 credits if content differs. Cultural, 
historical and artistic dimensions of the African expe- 
rience in Africa and the Americas. 



\ \SP 478 Humanities Topics in Afro-American 

Studies (3) 
Repeatable to 6 credits if content differs. Advanced 
studies in the humanities, often requiring prerequi- 
sites, focusing on the literary, artistic and philosophi- 
cal contributions of Africans and African-Americans. 

AASP 497 Policy Seminar in Afro-American 

Studies (3) 
Prerequisite: AASP 301 or permission of department. 
Application of public policy analysis to important so- 
cial problems and policy issues affecting black Amer- 
icans. Policy research and analysis procedures 
through an in-depth study of a critical, national black 
policy issue. 

AASP 498 Special Topics in Black Culture (3) 

Prerequisite: AASP 100 or AASP 202. Repeatable to 
6 credits if content differs. Advanced study of the cul- 
tural and historical antecedents of contemporary Af- 
rican and Afro-American society. Emphasis on the 
social, political, economic and behavioral factors af- 
fecting blacks and their communities. Topics vary. 

AASP 499 Advanced Topics in Public Policy and the 
Black Community i3) 

Prerequisite: AASP 301 or permission of department. 
Repeatable to 6 credits if content differs. Examina- 
tion of specific areas of policy development and eval- 
uation in black and other communities. Application 
of advanced tools of policy analysis, especially quan- 
titative, statistical and micro-economic analysis. 

AGRI - Agriculture 

AGRI 400 International Agricultural Extension and 

Development (3) 
Formerly AEED 400. Examination of the social and 
ethical issues that shape extension's role in the agri- 
culture sector of countries worldwide and that deter- 
mine its contribution to international development. 
Review of a wide range of literature from scholars, 
governments, and international organizations. 

AGRI 450 Human Resources Development in 

Agriculture (3) 
Three hours of lecture and one hour of discussion/ 
recitation per week. Junior standing. Human resourc- 
es development in the agriculture sector highlights 
policy, institutional, and programmatic determina- 
tions to advance work force capability in countries 
worldwide. Focus on developing countries, their 
problems, needs, and the challenge ahead. 



252 AGRI - Agriculture 



\(,KI 464 Rural Life in Modern Society (3) 
Formerly AEED 464. The historical and current na- 
ture of rural and agricultural areas and communities 
in the complex structure and culture of U.S. society. 
Basic structural, cultural, and functional concepts for 
analyses and contrasts of societies and the organiza- 
tions and social systems within them. 

AGRI 466 Rural Poverty in an Affluent Societv (3) 
Formerly AEED 466. Factors giving rise to condi- 
tions of rural poverty. Problems faced by the rural 
poor. Programs designed to alleviate rural poverty. 

AGRI 488 Critique in Rural Education ( 1 1 

Formerly AEED 488. Current problems and trends in 
rural education. 

AGRI 489 Field Experience 1 1-4) 

Prerequisite: permission of department. Repeatable 
to 4 credits. Formerly AEED 489. Credit according to 
time scheduled and organization of the course. A lec- 
ture series organized to study in depth a selected 
phase of agriculture not normally associated with one 
of the existing programs. 

AGRI 499 Special Problems (1-3 1 

AGRI 606 Program Planning and Evaluation in 

Agricultural Education (2-3) 
Formerly AEED 606. Second semester. Analysis of 
community agricultural education needs, selection 
and organization of course content, criteria and pro- 
cedures for evaluating programs. 

AGRI 626 Program Development in Adult and 
Continuing Education (3) 

Formerly AEED 626. Concepts in program planning 
and development. Study and analysis of program de- 
sign and implementation in adult and continuing edu- 
cation. 

AGRI 627 Program Evaluation in Adult and 
Continuing Education (3) 

Prerequisite: AGRI 626 or permission of department. 
Formerly AEED 627 . An analysis of program evalu- 
ation concepts as the\ relate specifically to adult con- 
tinuing education. Program evaluation concepts. 
issues and problems with emphasis on the use of eval- 
uation procedures. 

AGRI 630 Teaching-Learning in Adult and 

Continuing Education (3) 
Formerly AEED 630. The teaching/learning process 
in adult continuing education. Instructional tech- 
niques and methodologies appropriate for adults. The 
curriculum development process. Issues and priori- 
ties in adult continuing education. 



AGRI 632 International Extension Adult 

Education (3) 
Formerly AEED 632. The state ot extension/adult ed- 
ucation in other countries. The social context of ex- 
tension/adult education in selected countries. 
Analysis of existing extension/adult education pro- 
grams and the contributions of these systems to the 
field. 

AGRI 661 Rural Community Analysis (3) 

Formerly AEED 661 . Communities as social systems 
composed of organizations which interact in a system 
of cultural institutions, norms, and values. Functional 
and structural linkages between organizations within 
as well as outside the community; rural vs. urban sim- 
ilarities and differences; and the role of the social pro- 
cesses such as competition, cooperation and conflict 
in the context of community power and leadership 
structure. 

\(.RI 691 Research Methods in Adult and 

Continuing Education (3) 
Formerly AEED 69 L The scientific method, problem 
identification, survey of research literature, preparing 
research plans, design of studies, experimentation. 
anal) sis of data and thesis writing. 

AGRI 699 Special Problems (1-3) 

Formerly AEED 699. 

AGRI 789 Special Topics (1-3) 

Repeatable to 9 credits if content differs. Formerly 

AEED 789. 

AGRI 798 Seminar in Rural Education (1-3) 

Repeatable to 8 credits. Formerly AEED 798. Prob- 
lems in the organization, administration, and supervi- 
sion of the several agencies of rural and/or vocational 
education. 

AGRI 799 Master's Thesis Research (1-6) 
Formerly AEED 799. 

AGRI 888 Apprenticeship in Education ( 1-8) 
Prerequisites: experience, a master's degree, and at 
least six semester hours in education at the University 
of Maryland. Formerly AEED 888. Apprenticeships 
in the major area of study are available to selected 
students whose application for an apprenticeship has 
been approved by the education faculty. Each appren- 
tice is assigned to work for at least a semester full- 
time or the equivalent with an appropriate agency. 
The sponsor of the apprentice maintains a close work- 
ing relationship with the apprentice and the other per- 
sons involved. 

AGRI 889 Internship in Education (3-8) 

Formerly AEED 889. Internships in the major area of 

study for experienced students who are assigned to an 



AGRO - Agronomy 253 



appropriate school system, educational institution, or 
agenc) in a situation different than that in which the 
student is regularly employed. 

\(;KI XW Doctoral Dissertation Research (1-8) 
Formerly AEED 899. 

AGRO - Agronomy 

AGRO 401 Pest Management Strategies for 
Turfgrass (3) 

Prerequisite: AGRO 305. Interdisciplinary view of 
weed, disease, and insect management from an 
agronomy perspective. Plant responses to pest inva- 
sion, diagnosis of pest-related disorders, and princi- 
ples of weed, disease and insect suppression through 
cultural, biological and chemical means are dis- 
cussed. 

AGRO 402 Sports Turf Management (3) 

Two hours of lecture and three hours of laboratory 
per week. Prerequisite: AGRO 305 and AGRO 401. 
Sports turf management, including design, construc- 
tion, soil modification, soil cultural techniques, pesti- 
cide use, fertilization, and specialized equipment. 

AGRO 403 Crop Breeding (3) 

Prerequisite: BOTN 414 or ZOOL 213. Principles 
and methods of breeding annual self and cross-polli- 
nated plant and perennial forage species. 

AGRO 406 Forage Crops (3) 

Prerequisite: BIOL 105. Recommended: BIOL 106. 
World grasslands and their influence on early civili- 
zations; current impact on human food supply; role of 
forages in soil conservation and a sustainable agricul- 
ture. Production and management requirements of 
major grass and legume species for silage and pasture 
for livestock feed. Cultivar development; certified 
seed production and distribution. 

AGRO 407 Cereal and Oil Crops (3) 

Pre- or corequisites: BIOL 105 and AGRO 101. A 
study of principles of production for corn, small 
grains, rice, millets, sorghums, and soybeans and oth- 
er oil seed crops. A study of seed production, process- 
ing, distribution and federal and state seed control 
programs of corn, small grains and soybeans. 

AGRO 410 Commercial Turf Maintenance and 

Production (3) 
Prerequisite: AGRO 305 and AGRO 401. Commer- 
cial lawn care industry, sod production and turfgrass 
seed production. Fertilizer, renovation programs, and 
weed and insect control programs used in profession- 
al lawn care. Environmental effects of lawn care pro- 
grams. 



AGRO 41 1 Principles of Soil Fertility (3) 
Soil factors affecting plant growth and quality with 
emphasis on the hio availability oi mineral nutrients. 
The management ol soil systems to enhance plant 
growth by means of crop rotations, microbial activi- 
ties, and use of organic and inorganic amendments 

AGRO 413 Soil and Water Conservation and 

Management (3) 
Prerequisite: AGRO 302. Importance and causes of 
soil erosion, methods of soil erosion control. Effects 
of conservation practices on soil physical properities 
and the plant root environment. Irrigation and drain- 
age as related to water use and conservation. 

AGRO 414 Soil Morphology, Genesis and 

Classification (4) 
Three hours of lecture and three hours of laboratory 
per week. Prerequisite: AGRO 302. Processes and 
factors of soil genesis. Taxonomy of soils of the 
world by U.S. System. Soil morphological character- 
istics, composition, classification, survey and field 
trips to examine and describe soils. 

AGRO 415 Soil Survey and Land Use (3) 

Two hours of lecture and three hours of laboratory 
per week. Prerequisite: AGRO 302. Evaluation of 
soils in the uses of land and the environmental impli- 
cations of soil utilization. Interpretation of soil infor- 
mation and soil surveys as applied to both agricultural 
and non-agricultural problems. Incorporation of soil 
data into legislation, environmental standards and 
land use plans. 

AGRO 417 Soil Physics (3) 

Two hours of lecture and three hours of laboratory 
per week. Prerequisites: AGRO 302 and a course in 
physics: or permission of department. A study of 
physical properties of soils with special emphasis on 
relationship to soil productivity. 

AGRO 421 Soil Chemistry (4) 

Three hours of lecture and three hours of laboratory 
per week. Prerequisite: AGRO 302. The chemistry 
and composition of mineral and organic colloids in 
soils, including ion exchange, oxidation-reduction, 
acidity, surface charge, and solution chemistry. Lec- 
tures and readings pertain to plant nutrition, waste 
disposal, and groundwater quality. 

AGRO 422 Soil Microbiology (3) 

Prerequisite: AGRO 302, CHEM 104 or permission 
of department. Relationship of soil microorganisms 
to the soils' physical and chemical properties. Nitro- 
gen fixation, mycorrhizae-plant interactions and mi- 
crobially mediated cycling. 



254 AGRO - Agronomy 



AGRO 423 Soil-Water Pollution (3) 
Prerequisites: AGRO 302 andCHEM 104 or permis- 
sion of department. Reaction and fate of pesticides, 
agricultural fertilizers, industrial and animal wastes 
in soil and water with emphasis on their relation to the 
environment. 

AGRO 440 Crop, Soils, and Civilization (3) 

Role and importance of crop and soil resources in the 
development of human civilization. History of crop 
and soil use and management as they relate to the per- 
sistence of ancient and modern cultures. 

AGRO 441 Sustainable Agriculture (3) 

Environmental, social and economic needs for alter- 
natives to the conventional, high-input farming sys- 
tems which currently predominate in industrial 
countries. Strategies and practices that minimize the 
use of non-renewable resources. 

AGRO 444 Remote Sensing of Agriculture and 
Natural Resources (3) 

Interaction of electromagnetic radiation with matter. 
Application of remote sensing technology to agricul- 
ture and natural resource inventory, monitoring and 
management and related environmental concerns. 

AGRO 451 Crop Culture and Development (3) 
Pre- or corequisite: BOTN 441 . Application of basic 
plant physiology to crop production. Photosynthesis, 
respiration, mineral nutrition, water and temperature 
stress, and post-harvest physiology. 

AGRO 453 Weed Science (3) 

Two hours of lecture and three hours of laboratory 
per week. Weed identification, ecology, and control 
(cultural, mechanical, biological, and chemical meth- 
ods). 

AGRO 454 Air and Soil Pollution Effects on 
Crops (3) 

Effects of air pollutants such as ozone, sulfur dioxide, 
acid rain, etc., and soil pollutants such as toxic met- 
als, pesticides, on the growth, productivity and quali- 
ty of crops. 

AGRO 483 Plant Breeding Laboratory (2) 

Prerequisites: AGRO 403 and permission of depart- 
ment. Current plant breeding research being conduct- 
ed at The University of Maryland and USDA at 
Beltsville. Discussion with plant breeders about pol- 
lination techniques, breeding methods, and program 
achievements and goals. Field trips to selected USDA 
laboratories. 

AGRO 499 Special Problems in Agronomy (1-3) 

Prerequisites: AGRO 302. AGRO 406. AGRO 407 or 
permission of department. A detailed study, includ- 



ing a written report of an important problem in agron- 
omy. 

AGRO 601 Advanced Crop Breeding 1(2) 
Prerequisite: AGRO 403 or equivalent. Genetic and 
cytogenetic theories as related to plant breeding in- 
cluding interspecific and intergeneric hybridization, 
polyploidy, and sterility mechanisms. 

AGRO 602 Advanced Crop Breeding II (2) 

Prerequisites: AGRO 601 and a graduate statistics 
course. Quantitative inheritance in plant breeding in- 
cluding genetic constitution of a population, continu- 
ous variation, estimation of genetic variances, 
heterosis and inbreeding, heritability, and population 
movement. 

AGRO 608 Research Methods (1-4) 
Prerequisite: permission of department. Repeatahle 
to 4 credits. Development of research viewpoint by 
detailed study and report on crop and soil research of 
the Maryland Agriculture Experiment Station or re- 
view and discussion of literature on specific agricul- 
tural problems or new research techniques. 

AGRO 711 Advanced Plant-Soil Relationship (2) 

Prerequisite: AGRO 411. Integration of the biologi- 
cal, physical, and chemical aspects of plant growth in 
soils. 

AGRO 722 Advanced Soil Chemistry (3) 

Prerequisites: AGRO 302 and permission of both de- 
partment and instructor. A continuation of AGRO 
421 with emphasis on soil chemistry of minor ele- 
ments necessary for plant growth. 

AGRO 789 Advances in Agronomy Research ( 1-4) 

Prerequisite: permission of department. Repeatahle 
to 4 credits if content differs. A study of recent ad- 
vances in agronomy research. 

AGRO 798 Agronomy Seminar (1) 

Total credit toward Master of Science degree, 2; to- 
ward Ph.D. degree, 6 Prerequisite: permission of 
both department and instructor. First and second se- 
mester. 

AGRO 799 Master's Thesis Research (1-6) 

AGRO 802 Breeding For Resistance to Plant Pests (3) 

Prerequisites: ENTM 252, BOTN 221, AGRO 403 or 
permission of department. Spring semester, alternate 
years. Development of breeding techniques for se- 
lecting and utilizing resistance to insects and diseases 
in crop plants and the effect of resistance on the inter- 
relationships of host and pest. 



AMST - American Studies 



255 



AGRO 804 Design and Analysis of < rop Research (4i 
Three hours of lecture and two hours oj laboratory 
pei week. Prerequisite. MOM 4<>I Also offered as 
BIOM 602 Field plot technique, application oi statis 
deal analysis to agronomic data, and preparation of 
the research project. 

IGRO805 Advanced Crop Physiologj (2) 

Prerequisites BOTN 441 or BOTh 641; plus ad- 
vanced training in plant sciences. Major emphasis 
will be on physiological processes affecting yield and 
producth it) of major food liber and industrial crops 
of" the world. Topics such as photosynthesis, respira- 
tion, photorespiration. nitrogen metabolism will be 
related to crop growth as affected by management de- 
cisions. Topics of discussion will also include growth 
analysis and the use of computer modeling of crop 
growth by plant scientists. 

AGRO 806 Herbicide Chemistry and Physiology (2) 

Prerequisites: AGRO 453; and CHEM 104. The im- 
portance of chemical structure in relation to biologi- 
cally significant reactions will be emphasized in more 
than 10 different herbicide groups. Recent advances 
in herbicidal metabolism, translocation, and mode of 
action will be reviewed. Absorption, decomposition 
and movement in the soil will also be studied. 

AGRO 821 Advanced Methods of Soil 
Investigation (3) 

Prerequisites: AGRO 302; permission of both de- 
partment and instruetor. First semester, alternate 
years. An advanced study of the theory of the chemi- 
cal methods of soil investigation with emphasis on 
problems involving application of physical chemis- 
try. 

AGRO 831 Soil Mineralogy (4) 

Soil minerals, with emphasis on clay minerals, are 
studied from the viewpoint of soil genesis and physi- 
cal chemistry. Mineralogical analyses by x-ray and 
chemical techniques. 

AGRO 832 Advanced Soil Physics (3) 

Prerequisites: AGRO 417: and permission of both 
department and instructor. An advanced study of 
physical properties of soils. 

AGRO 899 Doctoral Dissertation Research (1-8) 

AMST - American Studies 

AMST 418 Cultural Themes in America (3) 

Repeatable to 6 credits if content differs. Examina- 
tion of structure and development of American cul- 
ture through themes such as "growing up American*', 
"culture and mental disorders'", "race", "ethnicity ". 
"regionalism", "landscape**, "humor". 



Wis I 428 >unerican Cultural Eras (3 J 
Repeatable to 6 i redits // content differs. Investiga- 
tion ol a decade, period, or generation as a case stud) 
in significant social change within an American con 
text. Case studies include "Antebellum America. 
1840-1860", "American culture in the Great Depres- 
sion". 

WIS I 429 Perspectives on Popular ( ulture (3) 

Repeatable to (> credits ij content differs. Topics in 
popular culture studies, including the examination of 
particular genres, themes, and issues. 

AMST 432 Literature and American Society (3) 
Prerequisite: prior course in AMST. SOCY, Ameri- 
can literature, or American history. Examination of 
the relationship between literature and society: in- 
cluding literature as cultural communication and the 
institutional framework governing its production, 
distribution, conservation and evaluation. 

WIST 450 Seminar in American Studies (3) 

Prerequisite: nine hours prior coursework in Ameri- 
can Studies, including AMST 201 . Senior standing. 
For AMST majors only. Developments in theories 
and methods of American Studies scholarship, uith 
emphasis upon interaction between the humanities 
and the social sciences in the process of cultural anal- 
ysis and evaluation. 

AMST 601 Introductory Seminar in American 
Studies (3) 

AMST 602 Interdisciplinary Research Methods and 

Bibliographic Instruction (3) 
Advanced instruction interdisciplinary research strat- 
egies, bibliography, and the structure of systems of 
scholarly communication in the fields and subfields 
of American Studies. 

AMST 628 Seminar in American Studies (3) 

AMST 629 Seminar in American Studies (3) 

AMST 638 Orientation Seminar: Material Aspects of 
American Civilization (3) 

Class meets at the Smithsonian. 

AMST 639 Reading Course in Selected Aspects of 

American Civilization (3) 
Class meets at the Smithsonian. 

AMST 698 Directed Readings in American 

Studies (3) 
Repeatable to 6 credits if content differs. This course 
is designed to provide students with the opportunity 
to pursue independent, interdisciplinary research and 
reading in specific aspects of American culture under 
the supervision of a faculty member. 



256 ANSC - Animal Science 



AMST 799 Master's Thesis Research (1-6) 
AMST 899 Doctoral Dissertation Research (1-8) 

ANSC - Animal Science 

The following courses may involve the use of ani- 
mals. Students who are concerned about the use of 
animals in teaching have the responsibility to contact 
the instructor, prior to course enrollment, to deter- 
mine whether animals are to be used in the course, 
whether class exercises involving animals are to be 
used in the course, whether class exercises involving 
animals are optional or required and what alterna- 
tives, if any. are available. 

ANSC 401 Fundamentals of Nutrition (3) 

Prerequisite: CHEM 104 and ANSC 212. Recom- 
mended: BCHM 261 . A study of the fundamental role 
of all nutrients in the body including their digestion, 
absorption and metabolism. Dietary requirements 
and nutritional deficiency syndromes of laboratory 
and farm animals and humans. 

ANSC 406 Environmental Physiology (3) 

Prerequisite: anatomy and physiology. The specific 
anatomical and physiological modifications em- 
ployed by animals adapted to certain stressful envi- 
ronments will be considered. Particular emphasis will 
be placed on the problems of temperature regulation 
and water balance. Specific areas for consideration 
will include: animals in cold (including hibernation), 
animals in dry heat, diving animals and animals in 
high altitudes. 

ANSC 412 Introduction to Diseases of Animals (3) 

Two lectures and one laboratory period per week. 
Prerequisite: MICB 200 and BIOL 105. This course 
gives basic instruction in the nature of disease: in- 
cluding causation, immunity, methods of diagnosis, 
economic importance, public health aspects and pre- 
vention and control of the common diseases of sheep, 
cattle, swine, horses and poultry. 

ANSC 413 Laboratory Animal Management (3) 

A comprehensive course in care and management of 
laboratory animals. Emphasis will be placed on phys- 
iology, anatomy and special uses for the different 
species. Disease prevention and regulations for main- 
taining animal colonies will be covered. Field trips 
will be required. 

ANSC 415 Parasitic Diseases of Domestic Animals (3) 

Two hours of lecture and rwo hours of laboratory per 
week. Prerequisite: ANSC 412 or equivalent. A study 
of parasitic diseases resulting from protozoan and 
helminth infection and arthropod infestation. Empha- 
sis on parasites of veterinary importance: their identi- 



fication; life cycles, pathological effects and control 
by management. 

ANSC 420 Animal Production Systems (4) 

Two hours of lecture and four hours of laboratory per 
week. Prerequisites: ANSC 101 , ANSC 220, and (AN- 
SC 240 or ANSC 262). Formerly ANSC 423. Effects 
of management and economic decisions on animal 
production enterprises. Computer simulations of in- 
tensive and extensive production units. 

ANSC 443 Physiology and Biochemistry of 
Lactation (3) 

Prerequisite: ANSC 212 or equivalent: and BCHM 
261 or BCHM 461 . The physiology and biochemistry 
of milk production in domestic animals, particularly 
cattle. Mammary gland development and mainte- 
nance from the embryo to the fully developed lactat- 
ing gland. Abnormalities of the mammary gland. 

ANSC 446 Physiology of Mammalian 
Reproduction (3) 

Prerequisite: ZOOL 422 or ANSC 212. Anatomy and 
physiology of reproductive processes in domesticated 
and wild mammals. 

ANSC 447 Physiology of Mammalian Reproduction 

Laboratory ( 1 ) 
Three hours of laboratory per week. Pre- or corequi- 
site: ANSC 446. Animal handling, artificial insemina- 
tion procedures and analytical techniques useful in 
animal management and reproductive research. 

ANSC 452 Avian Physiology (2) 
Two two-hour lecture/laboratory/demonstration pe- 
riods per week. Prerequisite: a basic course in ani- 
mal anatomy or physiology. The digestive, immune, 
excretory, respiratory, muscle, circulatory, endocrine 
and nervous systems of avian species. Laboratory ex- 
ercises include use of anesthetics, suturing tech- 
niques, use of a polygraph and instrumentation for 
analyzing blood, urine, liver, kidney and brain tissue. 

ANSC 453 Animal Welfare (3) 

Prerequisite: ANSC 101 or ZOOL 210 or permission 
of department. Ethical concerns pertinent to the use 
of arrimals in modern society. Historical and philo- 
sophical aspects of human/animal interrelation- 
ships,anim al intelligence and awareness, and the 
treatment of animals in agriculture and scientific re- 
search will be considered. 

ANSC 455 Applied Animal Behavior (3) 

Two hours of lecture and two hours of laboratory per 
week. Prerequisites: (ANSC 101 or BIOL 106) and 
BIOL 222. Principles of animal behavior applied to 
production systems in animal agriculture. 



ANSC - Animal Science 257 



\\S( 462 l*h\sioi«.n> of HatchabilHj il> 
Two lectures anil one laboratory period pei week 
Prerequisite Hl<>l 105 (Tie physiology of embryon- 
ic development .is related to principles ofhatchability 
and problems of incubation encountered in the hatch 
erj industry arc discussed. 

\\s( 48*) Current topics in Animal Science (1-3) 
Prerequisite Permission oj department Repeatable 
to 6 credits it < ontent differs. Examination of current 

developments in the animal sciences. 

ANSC 603 Mineral Metabolism (3) 
Prerequisites: BCHM 461 and BCHM 462. The role 
of minerals in metabolism of animals and man. Top- 
ics to be covered include the role of minerals in ener- 
gy metabolism, bone structure, electrolyte balance, 
ami as catalysts. 

ANSC 604 Vitamin Nutrition (3) 

Two hours of lecture ami two hours of laboratory per 

week. Prerequisite: ANSC 401 and BCHM 461. Ad- 
vanced study of the fundamental role of vitamins and 
vitamin-like cofactors in nutrition including chemical 
properties, absorption, metabolism, excretion and de- 
ficiency syndromes. A critical study of the biochem- 
ical basis of vitamin function, interrelationship of 
vitamins with other substances and of certain labora- 
tory techniques. 

ANSC 610 Electron Microscopy (4) 

Two hours of lecture and four hours of laboratory per 
week. Prerequisite: permission of both department 
and instructor. Theory of electron microscopy, elec- 
tron optics, specimen preparation and techniques, op- 
eration of electron photography, interpretation of 
electron images, related instruments and techniques. 

ANSC 612 Energy Nutrition (3) 

One lecture and two hours of laboratory per week. 
Prerequisite: (ANSC 401 or NFSC 450, and BCHM 
461} or permission of instructor. Advanced study of 
nutritional energetics in animals including humans, 
domestic animals and wildlife. Discussion of tech- 
niques used in energy metabolism research and fac- 
tors affecting energy intake, absorption, utilization 
and deposition. Dietary guidelines and systems for 
describing energy requirements. 

ANSC 614 Proteins (2) 

One hour of lecture and two hours of laboratory per 
week. Prerequisite: ANSC 401 and BCHM 461. Ad- 
vanced study of the roles of amino acids in nutrition 
and metabolism. Protein digestion, absorption, anab- 
olism. catabolism and amino acid balance. 

ANSC 626 Advanced Animal Breeding (3) 

Prerequisite: {ANSC 327: and MATH 400: and 
B/OM 603} or permission of both department and in- 



\titu tor Application oi linear models to genetic eval- 
uation ot domestic livestock. Introduction to 
estimation oi components ol variance m mixed linear 

models. 

\\S< (,43 Research Methods (3) 

One lecture and tWO laboratory periods per week 
Prerequisite permission oj department and instruc- 
tor. The application oi biochemical, physio-chemical 

and statistical methods to problems in biological re- 
search. 

ANSC 660 Poultry Literature (1-4) 
Readings on individual topics are assigned. Written 
reports required. Methods of analysis and presenta- 
tion of scientific material are discussed. 

ANSC 661 Physiology of Reproduction (3) 

Reproductive endocrinology of vertebrate species 
with attention to function of the male and female re- 
productive systems, neuroendocrine regulation of re- 
production and cellular mechanisms. 

ANSC 663 Advanced Nutrition Laboratory (3) 
One hour of lecture and six hours of laboratory per 
week. Prerequisite: ANSC 401 : and either BCHM 
462 or NFSC 670. Basic instrumentation and tech- 
niques desired for advanced nutritional research. The 
effect of various nutritional parameters upon interme- 
diary metabolism, enzyme kinetics, endocrinology, 
and nutrient absorption in laboratory animals. 

ANSC 677 Advanced Animal Adaptations to the 
Environment (2) 

Prerequisite: ANSC 406 or permission of instructor. 
A detailed consideration of certain anatomical and 
physiological modifications employed by mammals 
adapted to cold, dry heat or altitude. Each student will 
submit for discussion a library paper concerning a 
specific adaptation to an environmental stress. 

ANSC 686 Veterinary Bacteriology and Mycology (3) 

Prerequisite: ANSC 412. The characteristics and role 
of pathogenic bacteria and fungi in diseases of do- 
mestic animals with emphasis upon their pathogenic 
properties, pathogenesis and types of disease, epi- 
zootiology. modes of transmission and prophylaxis. 

ANSC 687 Veterinary Virology (3) 

Prerequisite: MICB 460. A detailed study of viral and 
rickettsial diseases of domestic and laboratory ani- 
mals. Emphasis on viruses of veterinary importance 
along with techniques for their propagation, charac- 
terization and identification. 

ANSC 688 Special Topics (1-4) 

Prerequisite: permission of instructor. Graduate 
standing. Repeatable to 4 credits. Lectures, experi- 



258 ANTH - Anthropology 



mental courses, and other special subjects in the 
fields of animal sciences and veterinary medicine. 

\\S( 698 Seminar (1) 

Students are required to prepare papers based upon 
current scientific publications relating to animal sci- 
ence, or upon their research work, for presentation 
before and discussion by the class; ( 1 ) recent advanc- 
es; (2) nutrition; (3) physiology; (4) biochemistry. 

ANSC 699 Special Problems in Animal Science (1-2) 
Work assigned in proportion to amount of credit. Pre- 
requisite: approval of staff. Problems will be assigned 
which relate specifically to the character of work the 
student is pursuing. 

ANSC 799 Master's Thesis Research (1-6) 

ANSC 899 Doctoral Dissertation Research (1-8) 

ANTH - Anthropology 

ANTH 420 Origins of Modern Humans (3) 

Prerequisite: ANTH 320 or permission of depart- 
ment. Principles of taxonomy as applied to the fossil 
evidence for human emergence. Fossils will be ac- 
companied by a description of biological and cultural 
change. Data on molecular and cellular evolution will 
be included as will a discussion of demographic and 
ecological patterns as they effect evolutionary change 
from region to region. 

ANTH 426 Ethnology of Middle America (3) 

Prerequisites: ANTH 101 and ANTH 102. Cultural 
background and modern social, economic and reli- 
gious life of Indian and Mesitzo groups in Mexico 
and Central America; processes of acculturation and 
currents in cultural development. 

ANTH 428 Special Topics in Bioanthropology (3) 

Prerequisite: Permission of department. Repeatable 
to 6 credits if content differs. Advanced research 
courses in biological anthropology on changing top- 
ics that correspond to new theoretical interests, facul- 
ty research interests, or the specialties of visiting 
scholars. Prerequisites or background knowledge 
vary with the topic; check with the department for re- 
quirements. 

ANTH 440 Historical Archaeology (3) 

Prerequisite: ANTH 240. Recommended: ANTH 340. 
The expansion of European culture through coloniza- 
tion of outposts and countries around the world after 
1450 is explored through material remains and arti- 
facts from areas that may include Africa, India, South 
Africa, Australia, and the Western Hemisphere. 



ANTH 448 Special Topics in Archaeology (3) 

Prerequisite: ANTH 240. Repeatable to 6 credits if 
content differs. Advanced topics in archaeological re- 
search, corresponding to new theoretical develop- 
ments, faculty research interests, or specialties of 
visiting scholars. Prerequisites may vary with course 
topic; check with the department for requirements. 

ANTH 460 Interpretive Anthropology (3) 

Prerequisite: ANTH 260 or permission of depart- 
ment. Anthropological approaches which seek to ex- 
plain human behavior in terms of meaning and their 
relationships to other aspects of social life. 

ANTH 462 Kinship and Social Organizations (3) 

Prerequisite: ANTH 260. Recommended: ANTH 360. 
Credit will be granted for only one of the following 
ANTH 462 or ANTH 431. Formerly ANTH 431. 
Cross-cultural study of customary social phenomena, 
as encountered through ethnographic inquiry. Atten- 
tion will be directed to a wide sample of social behav- 
iors and social structures, including those 
characteristic of complex, state-level socio-cultural 
systems. It will employ methods and insights deriving 
from historical data, as well as from those resulting 
from a wide range of intensive ethnographic inquir- 
ies. 

ANTH 464 Sustainable Grassroots Development (3) 

Prerequisite: ANTH 262 or equivalent. Explores an- 
thropological approaches to economic development, 
particularly the new sub-field of sustainable develop- 
ment. Examines the local-level social, political and 
economic consequences of development and the po- 
tential for grassroots strategies to manage resources. 

ANTH 468 Special Topics in Cultural 

Anthropology (3) 
Prerequisite: ANTH 360 or permission of depart- 
ment. Repeatable to 6 credits if content differs. Ad- 
vanced courses in varying specialty areas of cultural 
anthropology that respond to new theoretical devel- 
opments, faculty research interests, or specialties of 
visiting scholars. 

ANTH 470 History and Philosophy of 
Anthropological Inquiry (3) 

Prerequisite: ANTH 220 or ANTH 240 or ANTH 260. 
Recommended: ANTH 320 or ANTH 340 or ANTH 
360 or ANTH 380. Credit will be granted for only- 
one of the following: ANTH 470 or ANTH 397. For- 
merly ANTH 397 . Important philosophical and histor- 
ical aspects of anthropological theorizing-past and 
present, but with an emphasis on the latter. The onto- 
logical and epistemological (the latter including 
methodological) assumptions of the major camps and 
paradigms in anthropology over the past one hundred 
years, especially the last three decades. Discussions 



ANTH - Anthropology 259 



and readings will focus on developments in cultural 
anthropolog) and therelevance of matters addressed 
for the othei subfields ol anthropology. 

Will 476 Senior Research (3-4) 
Fot Will majors only. Credit will be granted foi 
only one of the following: Will 4 '6 oi Will 486. 
Capstone course in which students pursue indepen 
(.lout research into a current problem in anthropolog) 
selected with assistance ol a committee of faculty. 
Research leads to the writing of a senior thesis in an 
thropology. 

ANTH 477 Senior Thesis (3-4) 

Prerequisite: ANTH 4 7 <->; permission of department. 
I oi Will majors only. Credit will be granted for 
onlv one of the following: ANTH 477 or ANTH 487. 
Capstone course in which students write a senior the- 
sis on independent research into a current problem in 
anthropology. The thesis is defined before a commit- 
tee o\' faculty. 

ANTH 478 Special Topics in Linguistics (3) 

Prerequisite: ANTH 380 or permission of depart- 
ment. Recommended: LING 200 or equivalent. Re- 
peatable to credits if content differs. Allows the 
department to offer advanced courses in specialty ar- 
eas that respond to new theoretical developments and 
faculty research interests in linguistics. 

ANTH 486 Honors Research (3-4) 
Prerequisites: pd: admission to University Honors 
Program or Anthropology Honors Program. For 
ANTH majors only. Credit will be granted for only 
one of the following: ANTH 486 or ANTH 476. Cap- 
stone course in which students pursue independent 
research into a current problem in anthropology, se- 
lected with assistance of a committee of faculty. Re- 
search leads to the writing of an honors thesis in 
anthropology. 

ANTH 487 Honors Thesis (3-4) 
Prerequisites: ANTH 486: permission of department: 
admission to University Honors Program or Anthro- 
pology Honors Program. For ANTH majors only. 
Credit will be granted for only one of the following: 
ANTH 487 or ANTH 477. Capstone course in which 
students write a thesis on the results of independent 
research into a current problem in anthropology. 

ANTH 496 Field Methods in Archaeology (8) 

Formerly ANTH 499. Field training in the techniques 
of archaeological survey and excavation. 

ANTH 498 Ethnographic Fieldwork (3-8) 
Prerequisite: Permission of department. Repeatable 
to 8 credits if content differs. Field training in the col- 
lection, recording and interpretation of ethnographic 
data. 



ANTH 499 Fieldwork in Biological 

Anthropolog) (3-H» 
Prerequisite Permission oj department Repeatable 
in s i redits // content differs Field training in tech- 
niques of human biology, primatology, oi paleaoan 
thropolog) 

ANTH 601 Applied Anthropology (3) 

I Iisioia and theorj ol applied anthropolog) . The rela- 
tionship between applied anthropolog) and other ma- 
jor subfields ol the profession; the interdisciplinary 

and public context of application; problems of signif- 
icance and utility in applied work. 

ANTH 605 Theor) of Cultural Anthropolog) (3) 

Histor) and current trends ol cultural anthropological 

theory, as a basic orientation for graduate studies and 
research. 

ANTH 606 Methods of Cultural Analysis I (3) 

Objectives of cultural analysis and their relationship 
to policy and decision making. An introduction to 
problem formulation, qualitative and qualitative re- 
search design, and the conduct of research; problems 
of reliability and validity in social research. 

ANTH 607 Methods of Cultural Analysis II (3) 

Advanced preparation in the analysis and review of 
social research. Case studies of the uses of cultural 
analysis in applied contexts (i.e., social indicators, 
evaluation, impact assessment, forecasting). 

ANTH 611 Management and Cultural Process (3) 

Basic principles of managing cultural and human re- 
sources, decision-making in public and private con- 
texts. The diversity and types of cultural resources 
(archeological, historical, folk and sociocultural). and 
their recognition and value in contemporary society; 
introduction to the identification, protection and pro- 
fessional management of cultural resources. 

ANTH 620 Strategies for Cultural Understanding (3) 

The political, scientific, bureaucratic, and ideological 
background to decision making in the public and pri- 
vate sectors. 

ANTH 630 Quantitative Approaches to Applied 
Anthropology (3) 

Introduction to variety of statistical techniques ap- 
plied to problems in policy and decision making. 
Practical experience in computer applications for 
problems in cultural analysis and management. The 
use of existing statistical data sources. 

ANTH 688 Current Developments in 
Anthropology (3) 

Repeatable to 9 credits if content differs. Detailed in- 
vestigation of a current problem or research tech- 



260 ARCH - Architecture 



nique. the topic to be chosen in accordance with 
faculty interests and student needs. 

ANTH 689 Special Problems in Anthropology (1-6) 

AN I H 696 Field Methods in Archaeology (8) 

Formerly ANTH 699. Field training in the techniques 
of archaeological survey and excavation. 

ANTH 698 Advanced Field Training in 

Fthnology (1-6) 
Offered in the summer session only. 

ANTH 701 Internship Preparation (3) 

Preparation tor internship includes practicum training 
in development, presentation and evaluation of posi- 
tion papers, proposals and work plans; literature 
search and use of secondary data sources in decision 
making affecting cultural analysis and management. 
Ethics and professional development for work in non- 
academic settings. 

ANTH 712 Internship Analysis (3) 

Prerequisite: ANTH 705. The preparation and pre- 
sentation of internship reports; development of skills 
in report writing and presentation. The completion of 
a professional quality report based on the internship 
experience. Review of problems in ethics and profes- 
sional development. 

ARCH - Architecture 

ARCH 400 Architecture Studio I (6) 

Three hours of lecture and nine hours of studio per 
week. Prerequisite: ARCH majors only. Introduction 
to the processes of visual and architectural design in- 
cluding field problems. 

ARCH 401 Architecture Studio II (6) 

Three hours of lecture and nine hours of studio pet- 
week. Prerequisite: ARCH 400 with a grade of C or 
better. For ARCH majors only. Continuation of 
ARCH 400. 

ARCH 402 Architecture Studio III (6) 

Three hours of lecture and nine hours of studio per 
week. Prerequisite: ARCH 401 with a grade of C or 
better. For ARCH majors only. Design projects in- 
volving the elements of environmental control, basic 
structural systems, building processes and materials. 

ARCH 403 Architecture Studio IV (6) 

Prerequisite: ARCH 402 with a grade ofC or better. 
For ARCH majors only. Three hours of lecture and 
nine hours of studio per week. Design projects in- 
volving forms generated by different structural sys- 
tems, environmental controls and methods of 
construction. 



ARCH 408 Selected Topics in Architecture 
Studio (1-6) 

Prerequisite: ARCH 403 or equivalent and permis- 
sion of department. Repeatahle to 6 credits if content 
differs. Topical problems in architecture and urban 

design. 

ARCH 410 Technology I (4) 

Prerequisites: MATH 220: and {(PHYS 121 and 
PHYS 122) or PHYS 1/7}. Corequisite: ARCH 400. 
For ARCH majors only. First course in a four course 
sequence which develops the knowledge and skills of 
architectural technology. Addresses climate, human 
responses to climate, available materials, topography 
and impact on culture. Principles of assembly, basic 
structural principles and philosophies of construc- 
tion. 

ARCH 411 Technology II (4) 

Prerequisite: ARCH 410. Corequisite: ARCH 401. 
For ARCH majors only. Second course in a four 
course sequence. Building construction processes 
and terminology; use and performance characteristics 
of primary building materials: principles of structural 
behavior related to the building systems; equilibrium 
and stability, stiffness and strength, types of stress, 
distribution of force and stress, resolution of forces, 
reactions, bending moments, shear, deflection, buck- 
ling. 

ARCH 412 Technology III (4) 
Prerequisite: ARCH 411. Corequisite: ARCH 402. 
For ARCH majors only. Design of steel, timber, and 
reinforced concrete elements, and subsystems; analy- 
sis of architectural building systems. Introduction to 
design for both natural and other hazards. 

ARCH 413 Technology IV (4) 

Prerequisite: ARCH 412. Corequisite: ARCH 403. 
For ARCH majors only. Final course in a four course 
sequence. Theory, quantification, and architectural 
design applications for water systems, fire protection, 
electrical systems, illumination, signal equipment, 
and transportation systems. 

ARCH 415 Environmental Control and 
Systems II (3) 

Prerequisite: ARCH 313. ARCH 402. For ARCH ma- 
jors only. Theory, quantification, and architectural 
design applications for water systems, fire protection, 
electrical systems, illumination, signal equipment, 
and transportation systems. 

ARCH 418 Selected Topics in Architectural 

Science (1-4) 
Prerequisite: permission of department. Repeatable 
to 7 credits if content differs. 



ARCH - Architecture 



261 



\RCH 419 Independent Studies in Architectural 

Science (1-4) 

Repeatable to 7 credits. Proposed work must have a 
faculty sponsor and receive approval of the curricu 
lum committee. 

ARCH 420 History of American Architecture (3) 
Prerequisite ARCH 221 or permission oj depart- 
ment. American architecture from the late 17th to the 
20th century. 

ARCH 422 History of Greek Architecture (3) 

Prerequisite: ARCH 220 or permission of depart- 
ment. Survey of Greek architecture from 750-100 
B.C. 

ARCH 423 History of Roman Architecture (3) 
Prerequisite: ARC/I 220 or permission of depart- 
ment. Survey of Roman architecture from 500 B.C. 
ToA.D. 325 

ARCH 426 Fundamentals of Architecture (3) 

Prerequisite: admission to 3 112 year M. ARCH pro- 
gram. Thematic introduction of a variety of skills, is- 
sues, and ways of thinking that bear directly on the 
design and understanding of the built world. 

ARCH 427 Theories of Architecture (3) 

Prerequisite: ARCH 221 or permission of depart- 
ment. For ARCH majors only. Selected historical and 
modern theories of architectural design. 

ARCH 428 Selected Topics in Architectural 
History (1-3) 

Prerequisite: permission of department. Repeatable 
to 7 credits if content differs. 

ARCH 429 Independent Studies in Architectural 
History (1-4) 

Repeatable to 6 credits. Proposed work must have a 
faculty sponsor and receive approval of the curricu- 
lum committee. 

ARCH 432 History of Medieval Architecture (3) 

Prerequisite: ARCH 220 or permission of depart- 
ment. Architecture of western Europe from the early 
Christian and Byzantine periods through the late 
Gothic, with consideration of parallel developments 
in the eastern world. 

ARCH 433 History of Renaissance Architecture (3) 

Prerequisite: ARCH 221 or permission of depart- 
ment. Renaissance architectural principles and trends 
in the 15th and 16th centuries and their modifications 
in the Baroque period. 

ARCH 434 History of Modern Architecture (3) 

Prerequisite: ARCH 221 or permission of depart- 
ment. Architectural trends and principles from 1750 



to the present, with emphasis on developments since 
the mid 19th century. 

ARCH 435 History of Contemporary 

Architecture (3) 
I hi ARCH majors only Concentration on the devel- 
opments in architecture in Europe and the U.S. since 
World War II. their antecedents in the 1920s and 
l u ^K. and the various reactions to modernism in the 
post-war era. 

ARCH 436 History of Islamic Architecture (3) 

Prerequisite: ARCH 220 or permission of depart- 
ment. Survey of Islamic architecture from the seventh 
through the eighteenth century. 

ARCH 443 Visual Communication (2) 

Two hours of lecture and two hours of laboratory per 
week. Prerequisite: admission to the 3 112 year M. 
ARCH program. For ARCH majors only. Investiga- 
tion of the relationship between drawing from life and 
architectural drawing, the conventions of architectur- 
al drawing and the role of architectural drawing as a 
means to develop, communicate, and generate archi- 
tectural ideas. 

ARCH 445 Visual Analysis of Architecture (3) 

Two hours of lecture and two hours of studio pet- 
week. Prerequisite: ARCH 401 and ARCH 343. or 
permission of department. Visual principles of archi- 
tectural design through graphic analysis. 

ARCH 448 Selected Topics in Visual Studies (1-4) 
Prerequisite: permission of department. Repeatable 
to 7 credits if content differs. 

ARCH 449 Independent Studies in Visual 
Studies (1-4) 

Repeatable to 6 credits. Proposed work must have a 
faculty sponsor and receive approval of the curricu- 
lum committee. 

ARCH 450 Introduction to Urban Planning (3) 

Introduction to city planning theory, methodology 
and techniques, dealing with normative, urban, struc- 
tural, economic, social aspects of the city; urban plan- 
ning as a process. Architectural majors or by 
permission of the instructor. Lecture, seminar, 3 
hours per week. 

ARCH 451 Urban Design Seminar (3) 

Prerequisite: ARCH 350 or permission of depart- 
ment. Advanced investigation into problems of anal- 
ysis and evaluation of the design of urban areas, 
spaces and complexes with emphasis on physical and 
social considerations, effects of public policies, 
through case studies. Field observations. 



262 ARCH - Architecture 



ARCH 453 Urban Problems Seminar (3) 

Prerequisite: permission of department. A case study 
of urban development issues, dealing primarily with 
socio-economic aspects of changes in the built envi- 
ronment. 

ARCH 454 Theories of Urban Form (3) 

Theories of planning and design of urban spaces, 
building complexes, and new communities. 

ARCH 459 Independent Studies in Urban 

Planning (1-4) 
Repeatable to 6 credits. Proposed work must have a 
faculty sponsor and receive approval of the curricu- 
lum committee. 

ARCH 460 Site Analysis and Design (3) 

Prerequisite: ARCH majors only or permission of de- 
partment. Principles and methods of site analysis; the 
influence of natural and man-made site factors on site 
design and architectural form. 

ARCH 470 Computer Applications in 
Architecture (3) 

Prerequisite: ARCH 400 or permission of depart- 
ment. Introduction to computer programming and uti- 
lization, with emphasis on architectural applications. 

ARCH 472 Economic Determinants in 

Architecture (3) 
Introduction to economic factors influencing archi- 
tectural form and design, including land economics, 
real estate, financing, project development, financial 
planning, construction and cost control. 

ARCH 478 Selected Topics in Architecture (1-4) 
Prerequisite: permission of department. Repeatable 
to 7 credits if content differs. 

ARCH 479 Independent Studies in Architecture (1-4) 
Repeatable to 6 credits. Proposed work must have a 
faculty sponsor and receive approval of the curricu- 
lum committee. 

ARCH 480 Problems and Methods of Architectural 
Preservation (3) 

Prerequisite: ARCH 420 or permission of depart- 
ment. Theory and practice of preservation in Ameri- 
ca, with emphasis on the problems and techniques of 
community preservation. 

ARCH 481 The Architect in Archaeology (3) 

Prerequisite: permission of department. The role of 
the architect in field archaeology and the analysis of 
excavating, recording, and publishing selected ar- 
chaeological expeditions. 



ARCH 482 The Archaeology of Roman and 
Byzantine Palestine (3) 

Archaeological sites in Palestine (Israel and Jordan) 
from the reign of Herod the Great to the Moslem con- 
quest. 

ARCH 483 Field Archaeology (3) 

Prerequisite: permission of department. Participation 
in field archaeology with an excavation officially rec- 
ognized by proper authorities of local government. 

ARCH 488 Selected Topics in Architectural 

Preservation (1-4) 
Prerequisite: permission of department. Repeatable 
to 7 credits if content differs. 

ARCH 489 Independent Studies in Architectural 

Preservation (1-4) 
Repeatable to 6 credits. Proposed work must have a 
faculty sponsor and receive approval of the curricu- 
lum committee. 

ARCH 600 Architecture Studio V (6) 

Three hours of lecture and nine hours of studio per 
week. Prerequisite: ARCH 403 or equivalent. Com- 
prehensive building and urban design; studio options 
in advanced topical problems. 

ARCH 601 Architecture Studio VI (6) 

Three hours of lecture and nine hours of studio per 
week. Prerequisite: ARCH 600. Continuation of 
ARCH 600. 

ARCH 610 Appropriate Technologies in 

Architecture (3) 
Historical and current theories, practices and attitudes 
regarding the application of technologies to design 
and construction of buildings, civil structures and 
other infrastructures in rural and urban environments. 

ARCH 611 Advanced Architecture Technology 
Seminar (3) 

Prerequisite: ARCH 413. Corequisite: ARCH 600. 
For ARCH majors only. Technology in design of 
buildings. Application of technological issues in 
building design; integration of technology in archi- 
tecture; technology as a form determinant in architec- 
ture; other conceptual and philosophical issues 
related to the application of technology in the design, 
construction, and use of buildings. 

ARCH 612 Advanced Structural Analysis in 
Architecture (3) 

Prerequisite: ARCH 416. Qualitative and quantita- 
tive analysis and design of selected complex structur- 
al systems. 



AREC - Agriculture and Resource Economics 263 



IRCH616 Advanced Architectural Structures (3) 

Prerequisite iRCH 375, iRCH 403, ARCH 412, 
ARCH 415 or equivalent. I oi iRCH majors <ml\ 
Analysis of structural issues in architectural design; 
structure as an architectural form determinant; inte- 
gration of architectural, structural and other technical 
disciplines in building design. 

ARCH 617 Advanced Environmental Control and 

Systems (3) 
Prerequisite: ARCH 375, Mil II 403, iRCH 412. 
ARCH 415 or equivalent. For ARCH majors only. 

Analysis, computer applications, and integration of 
environmental control and systems in architectural 
design. 

ARCH 621 Seminar in History of American 
Architecture (3) 

Prerequisite: ARCH 221 or ARCH 222 or permission 
of instructor. Advanced investigation of historical 
problems in American architecture. 

ARCH 628 Selected Topics in Architectural 
History (1-3) 

Prerequisite: permission of department. Repeatable 
to 7 credits if content differs. Special topics in the his- 
tory of architecture. 

ARCH 629 Independent Studies in Architectural 
History (1-3) 

Repeatable to 7 credits if content differs. Proposed 
work must have faculty sponsor and receive approval 
of the Educational Policy Committee. 

ARCH 635 Seminar in the History of Modern 

Architecture (3) 
Prerequisite: ARCH 434 or permission of depart- 
ment. Advanced investigation of historical problems 
in modern architecture. 

ARCH 654 Urban Development and Design 
Theory (3) 

Prerequisite: permission of instructor. Advanced in- 
vestigation into planning, development, and urban 
design theory and practice. 

ARCH 674 Seminar in Regionalism (3) 

Prerequisite: permission of department. Regional 
characteristics of culture, climate, and landscape as 
determinants of vernacular architecture, especially in 
Third World countries. 

ARCH 675 Advanced Architectural Construction 
and Materials (3) 

Prerequisite: ARCH 375. ARCH 403. ARCH 412. 
ARCH 415. For ARCH majors only. Processes of 
construction, assembly, integration, and coordination 
of architectural, mechanical, electrical, and structural 



aspects ot building: special attention to design devel- 
opment of building details. 

ARCH 676 Field Research in Architecture (3) 

Prerequisite permission "I department Recording 

and analysis ol significant architectural complexes in 

situ. 

ARCH 678 Selected Topics in Architecture (1-6) 

Prerequisite: permission of instructor. Repeatable to 
6 credits if content differs. 

ARCH 679 Independent Studies in Architecture 1 1-6) 

Prerequisite: permission of instructor. Repeatable to 
6 credits. 

ARCH 700 Architecture Studio VII (6) 

Three hours of lecture and nine hours of studio per 
week. Prerequisite: ARCH 60 J. Continuation of 
ARCH 601. 

ARCH 770 Professional Practice (3) 

Prerequisite: ARCH 601 . Project management, orga- 
nizational, legal, economic and ethical aspects of ar- 
chitecture. 

ARCH 797 Thesis Proseminar (3) 

Prerequisite: ARCH 601 . Directed research and prep- 
aration of thesis program. 

ARCH 798 Thesis in Architecture (3) 

Prerequisite: ARCH 797. Corequisite: ARCH 799. 
For ARCH majors only. Complements the research of 
ARCH 799, with presentation of the design research 
to student's thesis committee. 

ARCH 799 Master's Thesis Research (1-6) 

12 hours of laboratory per week. Prerequisites: 
ARCH 601 . permission of department and 3.0 GPA 
overall. Corequisite: ARCH 798. Repeatable to 6 
credits if content differs. Development of master's 
thesis. 

AREC - Agriculture and Resource 
Economics 

AREC 404 Prices of Agricultural Products (3) 

Prerequisite: FCON 306. An introduction to agricul- 
tural price behavior. The use of price information in 
the decision-making process, the relation of supply 
and demand in determining agricultural prices, and 
the relation of prices to grade, time, location, and 
stages of processing in the marketing system. Ele- 
mentary methods of price analysis, the concept of 
parity and the role of price support programs in agri- 
cultural decisions. 



264 AREC - Agriculture and Resource Economics 



AREC 405 Economics of Agricultural Production (3) 

Prerequisite: ECON 306 and MATH 220. The use 
and application of production economics in agricul- 
ture and resource industries through graphical and 
mathematical approaches. Production functions, cost 
functions, multiple product and joint production, and 
production processes through time. 

AREC 407 Agricultural Einance (3) 

Prerequisite: AREC 250. Application of economic 
principles to develop criteria for a sound farm busi- 
ness, including credit source and use, preparing and 
filing income tax returns, methods of appraising farm 
properties, the summary and analysis of farm records, 
leading to effective control and profitable operation 
of the farm business. 

AREC 414 Agricultural Business Management (3) 

Prerequisite: AREC 250. The different forms of busi- 
nesses. Management functions, business indicators, 
measures of performance, and operational analysis. 
Case studies are used to show applications of man- 
agement techniques. 

AREC 427 Economics of Agricultural Marketing 
Systems (3) 

Prerequisite: AREC 250. Basic economic theory as 
applied to the marketing of agricultural products, in- 
cluding price, cost, and financial analysis. Current de- 
velopments affecting market structure including 
effects of contractual arrangement, vertical integra- 
tion, governmental policies and regulation. 

AREC 432 Introduction to Natural Resources 
Policy (3) 

Development of natural resource policy and analysis 
of the evolution of public intervention in the use of 
natural resources. Examination of present policies 
and of conflicts between private individuals, public 
interest groups, and government agencies. 

AREC 433 Food and Agricultural Policy (3) 

Prerequisite: AREC 250. Economic and political 
context of governmental involvement in the farm and 
food sector. Historical programs and current policy 
issues. Analysis of economic effects of agricultural 
programs, their benefits and costs, and comparison of 
policy alternatives. Analyzes the interrelationship 
among international development, agricultural trade 
and general economic and domestic agricultural pol- 
icies. 

AREC 445 Agricultural Development in the Third 
World (3) 

Prerequisite: ECON 203 or ECON 205 or AREC 250. 
Development theories, the role of agriculture in eco- 
nomic development, the agricultural policy environ- 



ment, policies impacting on rural income and equity, 
environmental impacts of agricultural development. 

AREC 453 Natural Resources and Public Policy (3) 

Prerequisite: AREC 250 and ECON 203. Rational 
use and reuse of natural resources. Theory, methodol- 
ogy, and policies concerned with the allocation of 
natural resources among alternative uses. Optimum 
state of conservation, market failure, safe minimum 
standard, and cost-benefit analysis. 

AREC 484 Introduction to Econometrics in 
Agriculture (3) 

An introduction to the application of econometric 
techniques to agricultural problems with emphasis on 
the assumptions and computational techniques neces- 
sary to derive statistical estimates, test hypotheses, 
and make predictions with the use of single equation 
models. Includes linear and non-linear regression 
models, internal least squares, discriminant analysis 
and factor analysis. 

AREC 489 Special Topics in Agricultural and 
Resources Economics (3) 

Repeatable to 9 credits. 

AREC 610 Microeconomic Applications in 
Agricultural and Resource Markets (3) 

Prerequisite: ECON 603. Applications of graduate 
level microeconomic analysis to the problems of ag- 
ricultural and natural resource production and distri- 
bution including demand for agricultural output, the 
nature of agricultural supply decisions, farm labor is- 
sues, land rental and aquisition, and exploitation of 
natural resources. 

AREC 615 Agricultural and Resource Economics 
Research Techniques (3) 

Philosophy and basic objectives of research in the 
field of agricultural and resource economics. Topics 
include definition of research problems, logical pro- 
cedures for executing research in the social sciences, 
techniques and tools available to agricultural and re- 
source economists, and appraisal of research docu- 
ments from the standpoint of procedures and 
evaluation of research. 

AREC 620 Optimization in Agricultural and 
Resource Economics (3) 

Prerequisite: differential calculus and one ctmr.se in 
matrix or linear algebra. Mathematical theory of op- 
timization as it is used in agricultural and resource 
economics. Topics include necessary and sufficient 
conditions for nonlinear programming and related 
Kuhn-Tucker and saddle point theory, convexity and 
concavity, existence and uniqueness, duality and the 
envelope theorem, the discrete maximum principle, 
and control theory and dynamic optimization. 



AREC - Agriculture and Resource Economics 265 



AREC 623 Applied Econometrics I (4) 
Theoretical background and statistics for application 
m econometrics. Development of the standard linear 
model ami computer applications in applied econo- 
metric problems. 

AREC 624 Applied Econometrics II (4) 

Variations of the standard linear model and simulta- 
neous equations estimation. Application of econo- 
metric tools including nonlinear regression, nonlinear 
simultaneous equations estimation, qualitative 
econometric models including logit, probit, and tobit 
models, v arying parameters models, unobserved vari- 
ables, time series models and model selection proce- 
dures. 

AREC 625 Economic Welfare Analysis (3) 

Credit will be granted for only one of the following: 
AREC 625 or AREC 825. The measurement of eco- 
nomic well-being for producers, consumers, and re- 
source owners. Topics include competitive 
equilibrium, Pareto optimality, market failure, public 
goods and nonmarket welfare measurement, multi- 
market considerations, existing distortions, and sec- 
ond best. Applications in economic welfare analysis 
of agricultural and resource policies are discussed. 

AREC 632 Agricultural Policy Analysis (3) 
Credit will be granted for only one of the following: 
AREC 632 or AREC 832. The economics of agricul- 
tural policies. Methods for analyzing costs and be- 
nifits of price supports, import restraints, and other 
policies for producers, consumers, and taxpayers. 
Farm programs of the U.S., other industrial countries 
and developing countries including interventions in 
both domestic markets and international are covered 
along with their consequences for factor owners and 
related commodity markets. Theories of the farm 
problem and possible remedies are offered. 

AREC 644 International Agricultural and Resource 

Trade (3) 

Credit will he granted for only one of the following: 
AREC 644 or AREC 844. An introduction to trade in 
agricultural products and natural resources. Partial 
and general equilibrium models as applied to prob- 
lems in agricultural and and natural resource trade 
and in analyzing related trade policies of various 
countries to understand the impact of macroeconomic 
policy on international agricultural and resource mar- 
kets through exchange rates, interest rates and infla- 
tion. 

AREC 645 International Agricultural 
Development (3) 

Credit will he granted for only one of the following: 
AREC 645 or AREC 845. Microeconomic founda- 
tions of agricultural development, the behavior of the 



farm household as an economic unit, and the rune 
boning ol the agricultural product, input, and laboi 
markets m developing economies, fhe role of agri 
culture in economic development is discussed with 

emphasis on the basic linkages between agriculture 
and the rest ot the economy. 

AREC 685 Applications of Mathematical 
Programming in Agriculture Business and 
Analysis (3) 
Prerequisite: ECON 403 or permission oj depart- 
ment. Application of mathematical programming to 
problems in agriculture and resource economics. Em- 
phasis on modeling large-scale systems and interpret- 
ing results in economic terms. 

AREC 689 Special Topics in Agricultural and 
Resource Economics (3) 

Subject matter taught will be varied and will depend 
on the persons available for teaching unique and spe- 
cialized phases of agricultural and resource econom- 
ics. The course will be taught by the staff or visiting 
agricultural and resource economists who may be se- 
cured on lectureship or visiting professor basis. 

AREC 699 Special Problems in Agricultural and 

Resource Economics (1-2) 
Intensive study and analysis of specific problems in 
the field of agricultural and resource economics, 
which provide information in depth in areas of special 
interest to the student. 

AREC 753 Economics of Renewable Natural 
Resources (3) 

Prerequisite: AREC 61 U; and AREC 620: or permis- 
sion of department. Basic models of renewable natu- 
ral resources. Current research issues concerning 
natural resources with emphasis on problems in com- 
mercial and recreational fisheries, forestry, water, fu- 
gitive wildlife, and agriculture. Policies to correct 
related market failures. 

AREC 799 Master's Thesis Research (1-6) 

AREC 804 Advanced Agricultural Price and 

Demand Analysis (3) 
Prerequisite: ECON 603 and AREC 610. Theories of 
household behavior and mechanisms of price deter- 
mination. Static as well as intertemporal optimization 
problems arising from the simultaneous determina- 
tion of savings and commodity demand with habit 
formation. Role of inventories in price formation, 
factors determining the degree of price flexibility, 
and price formation in noncompetitive industries. 

AREC 806 Advanced Agricultural Production 
Analysis (3) 

Prerequisite: ECON 603 and AREC 610. Theory and 
methods of applied production analysis. Use of dual 



266 ARHU — Arts and Humanities 



methods in the analysis of agricultural production 
problems, cost and profit functions, separability, 
technical change, aggregation, index numbers, and 
dynamic decision making. 

AREC 825 Advanced Economic Welfare Analysis (3) 
Credit will be granted for only one of the following: 
AREC 625 or AREC 825. Theory of economic wel- 
fare measurement, problems of path dependence in 
evaluating multiple price changes, welfare measure- 
ment under risk, general equilibrium welfare mea- 
surement with multiple distortions, and applications 
in evaluation of agricultural and resource policies. 

AREC 832 Advanced Agricultural Policy 
Analysis (3) 

Credit will he granted for only one of the following: 
AREC 632 or AREC 832. Research problems in agri- 
cultural policy that include models and methods for 
explaining the consequences and causes of interven- 
tion in agricultural commodity markets. Quantitative, 
market level analysis of the implications of uncertain- 
ty, strategic behavior in international trade, second- 
best policies, the general equilibrium analysis of in- 
tervention, and the political economy of collective ac- 
tion in farm policy. 

AREC 844 Advanced International Agricultural and 
Resource Trade (3) 

Credit will be granted for only one of the following: 
AREC 644 or AREC 844. Issues and problems of cur- 
rent interest in agricultural trade policy and research. 
Use of dual methods in international trade, the effect 
of international financial markets on agricultural 
trade and agriculture in general, the efficient design 
of agricultural trade policy, trade in resources, and 
measuring the gains from trade in any economy dis- 
torted by sectoral policies. 

AREC 845 Advanced International Agricultural 

Development (3) 
Credit will be granted for only one of the following: 
AREC 645 or AREC 845. Economic inequalities and 
market forces in economic development along with 
strategies and policies for economic development. 
Export oriented versus import substitution strategies, 
the role of foreign capital and debt accumulation in 
the agricultural sector, and the effects of government 
intervention on agricultural development. Case stud- 
ies of selected Latin American, Asian and African 
countries. 

AREC 859 Advanced Topics in Natural Resource 

Economics (1-3) 
Repeatable to V credits if content differs. Intertempo- 
ral considerations in natural resource problems in- 
cluding irreversibility and stochastic control. 
Nonmarket welfare measurement and nonconsump- 



tive values, option/quasi-option and existence values, 
applications to extinction and uncertainty, and alter- 
native expectations in common property resource 
problems. 

AREC 869 Advanced Topics in Agricultural 
Economics (1-3) 

Repeatable to ° credits if content differs. Frontiers of 
research in agricultural policy, agricultural produc- 
tion, international trade, and agricultural develop- 
ment. Decision making under risk and related market 
institutions, principal agent analysis, optimal policy 
design, technology adoption, market structure, land 
and credit markets, information markets, and income 
distribution. 

AREC 899 Doctoral Dissertation Research (1-8) 

ARHU — Arts and Humanities 

ARHU 439 Interdisciplinary Studies in Arts and 
Humanities (3) 

Repeatable to 6 credits if content differs. An interdis- 
ciplinary exploration of chronological, geographical 
or thematic topics in Arts and Humanities. 

ARTH - Art History and 
Archaeology 

ARTH 400 Egyptian Art and Archaeology (3) 

Formerly ARTH 404. Sites and monuments of paint- 
ing, sculpture, architecture, and the minor arts of an- 
cient Egypt from earliest times through the Roman 
conquest. Emphasis on the pharaonic period. 

ARTH 401 Aegean Art and Archaeology (3) 

Formerly ARTH 404. Sites and monuments of paint- 
ing, sculpture, architecture, and the minor arts of 
Crete, the Cycladic islands, and the Greek mainland 
from the earliest times to the downfall of the Myce- 
naean empire. Archaeology, courses in 

ARTH 402 Greek Art and Archaeology (3) 

Sites-and monuments of painting, sculpture, architec- 
ture, and the minor arts from the Geometric through 
the Hellenistic period with emphasis on mainland 
Greece in the Archaic and Classical periods. 

ARTH 403 Roman Art and Archaeology (3) 

Sites and monuments of painting, sculpture, architec- 
ture, and the minor arts from the earliest times 
through the third century A.D. with emphasis on the 
Italian peninsula from the Etruscan period through 
that of Imperial Rome. 



ARTH - Art History and Archaeology 267 



ARTH 405 Late Roman and Early Christian Art (3) 
Formerly ARTH 410. Painting, sculpture, architec- 
ture, and the minor arts from the early third century 
through the sixth century A.D. 

\K I II 406 Byzantine Art (3) 
Formerly ARTH 411 Painting, sculpture, architec 
ture, and the minor arts from the seventh century to 
1453 A.D. 

ARTH 410 Early Medieval Art (3) 
Formerly ARTH 412. Painting, sculpture and archi- 
tecture in Western Europe, ca. 500-1 150. 

ARTH 411 Gothic Art (3) 

Formerly ARTH 413. Painting, sculpture and archi- 
tecture in Western Europe, ca. 1 150-1400. 

ARTH 415 Italian Renaissance Art (3) 
Formerly ARTH 424. Painting, sculpture and archi- 
tecture of the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries. 

ARTH 418 Special Problems in Italian Renaissance 

Art (3) 
Repeatable to 6 credits if content differs. Focus upon 
Aspects of painting, sculpture, and architecture of 
Renaissance. 

ARTH 420 Fourteenth and Fifteenth-Century 
Northern European Art (3) 

Formerly ARTH 416. The art of northern Europe with 
an emphasis on painting in the Netherlands and 
France. 

ARTH 425 Sixteenth-Century Northern European 

Painting (3) 
Formerly ARTH 417. Painting in France, Germany, 
England, and the Low Countries during the Renais- 
sance and Reformation. 

ARTH 426 Renaissance and Baroque Sculpture in 
Northern Europe (3) 

Sculpture in France, Germany, England, and the Low 
Countries from the fourteenth to the seventeenth cen- 
tury. 

ARTH 430 Seventeenth-Century European Art (3) 

Painting, sculpture and architecture concentrating on 
Italy, Spain, France, and England. 

ARTH 435 Seventeenth-Century Art in the 

Netherlands (3) 
Formerly ARTH 431. Painting, sculpture and archi- 
tecture in seventeenth-century Netherlands. 

ARTH 443 Eighteenth-Century European Art (3) 

From the Rococo to Neo-classicism, major develop- 
ments in painting, architecture, sculpture, and the 



landscape garden in eighteenth-century France I n 

gland, Italy. Spain, and ( iennany. 

AKIN 444 British Painting, Houarth to the Pre- 
Raphaelites (3) 

A survey of British painting focusing on the estab 
lishment of a strong native school in the genres ol his 
tory painting, narrative subjects, portraiture, sporting 
art. and landscape, 

ARTH 445 Nineteenth-Century European Art to 

1850 (3) 
Formerly ARTH 440. The major trends from Neo- 
Classicism to Romanticism in painting, sculpture and 
architecture in Europe. 

ARTH 446 Nineteenth-Century European Art from 

1850 (3) 
Formerly ARTH 441 . The major trends from Realism 
through Impressionism to Symbolism and Art Nou- 
veau, in painting, sculpture, and architecture. 

ARTH 453 History of American Art to 1876 (3) 
Painting, sculpture, architecture, and decorative arts 
in North America from the colonial period to 1X76. 

ARTH 454 Nineteenth and Twentieth Century 
Sculpture (3) 

Trends in sculpture from Neo-Classicism to the 
present. 

ARTH 455 Twentieth-Century Art to 1945 (3) 

Formerly ARTH 450. Painting, sculpture and archi- 
tecture in Europe and America from the late nine- 
teenth century to the end of World War II. 

ARTH 456 Twentieth-Century Art from 1945 (3) 

Formerly ARTH 451 . Painting, sculpture and archi- 
tecture in Europe and America from 1945 to the 
present. 

ARTH 457 History of Photography 1 3) 

Formerly ARTH 452. History of photography as art 

from its inception in 1839 to the present. 

ARTH 460 American Art Since 1876 (3) 

Formerly ARTH 477. Painting, sculpture, architec- 
ture, and the decorative arts in North America after 
1876. 

ARTH 462 Twentieth-Century Black American 

Art (3) 
Formerly ARTH 474. The visual arts of Black Amer- 
icans in the twentieth century, including crafts and 
decorative arts. 



268 ARTH - Art History and Archaeology 



ARTH 466 Feminist Perspectives on Women in 
Art (3) 

Principal focus on European and American women 
artists of the 1 9th and 20th centuries, in the context of 
the new scholarship on women. 

ARTH 470 Latin American Art and Archaeology 
before 1500 (3) 

Pre-Hispanic painting, sculpture, and architecture, 
with a focus on the major archaeological monuments 
of Mexico. 

ARTH 471 Latin American Art and Archaeology 
after 1500 (3) 

The effect of mingling European visual ideas with 
pre-Hispanic traditions. The formation of Latin 
American colonial art. How native American people 
transformed European ideas and forms. 

ARTH 475 Ancient Art of Africa (3) 

Formerly ARTH 462. Art of the African continent 
from rock art through the nineteenth century. The cul- 
tural meaning of painting, sculpture, architecture, and 
artifacts from major archeological sites. 

ARTH 476 Living Art of Africa (3) 

Formerly ARTH 463. Art styles among the segmen- 
tary, centralised and nomadic people of Africa. The 
iconography and function of their art and its relation- 
ship to their various societies, cults and ceremonies. 

ARTH 483 Structure and Analysis of Art (3) 

Basic concepts of structuralism applied to the analy- 
sis of art. Visual examples, including photography, 
cartoons, painting, and sculpture, emphasize the un- 
derlying logic of narrative themes in Western art 
ranging from the time of Giotto to the present. 

ARTH 489 Special Topics in Art History (3) 

Prerequisite: permission of department. Repeatable 
to 6 credits. 

ARTH 490 Chinese Painting (3) 

Chinese painting history from the second century 
B.C. through the twentieth century, covering cultural, 
stylistic and theoretical aspects. 

ARTH 495 Japanese Painting (3) 

Formerly ARTH 405. Japanese painting from the 
sixth through the nineteenth century, including Bud- 
dhist icon painting, narrative scrolls, and Zen-related 
ink painting. 

ARTH 498 Directed Studies in Art History I (2-3) 
Prerequisite: permission of department. Repeatable if 
content differs. Junior standing. 

ARTH 499 Directed Studies in Art 
History II (2-3) 



ARTH 608 Studies in Ancient Art and 

Archaeology (3) 
Repeatable to 9 credits each in the Master's and Ph.D. 
programs. 

ARTH 609 Studies in Late Roman, Early Christian, 

and Byzantine Art (3) 
Repeatable to 9 credits each in the Master's and Ph.D. 
programs. 

ARTH 618 Studies in Medieval Art (3) 

Repeatable to 9 credits each in the Master's and Ph.D. 
programs. 

ARTH 619 Studies in Italian Renaissance Art (3) 

Repeatable to 9 credits each in the Master's and 
Ph.D. programs. 

ARTH 628 Studies in Fourteenth and Fifteenth 
Century Northern European Art (3) 

Repeatable to 9 credits each in the Master's and 
Ph.D. programs. 

ARTH 629 Studies in Sixteenth-Century Northern 
European Art (3) 

Repeatable to 9 credits each in the Master' s and 
Ph.D. programs. 

ARTH 638 Studies in Seventeenth-Century Southern 
European Art (3) 

Repeatable to 9 credits each in the Master's and 
Ph.D. programs. 

ARTH 639 Studies in Seventeenth-Century Northern 
European Art (3) 

Repeatable to 9 credits each in the Master's and 
Ph.D. programs. 

ARTH 648 Studies in Eighteenth-Century European 
Art (3) 

Repeatable to 9 credits each in the Master's and 
Ph.D. programs. 

ARTH 649 Studies in Nineteenth-Century European 

Art (3) 
Repeatable to 9 credits each in the Master's and 
Ph.D. programs. 

ARTH 658 Studies in American Art (3) 

Repeatable to 9 credits each in the Master's and 
Ph.D. programs. 

ARTH 659 Studies in Twentieth-Century Art (3) 

Repeatable to 9 credits each in the Master's and 
Ph.D. programs. 

ARTH 668 Studies in Latin American Art and 
Archaeology (3) 

Repeatable to 9 credits each in the Master's and 
Ph.D. programs. 



ARTT-Art Studio 



269 



VR III 669 Studies in African Art (3) 

Repeatable to 9 credits each m the Master's and 

I'h IK programs 

ARTH 678 Studies in Chinese Art (3) 

Repeatable to 9 credits each in the Master's and 

I'h /) programs. 

\RTH 679 Studies in Japanese Art (3) 

Repeatable to 9 credits each in the Master's and 

I'll II programs. 

ARTH 6X9 Selected Topics in Art Histon (3) 
Repeatable to 9 credits each in the Master's and 
Ph.D. programs. 

ARTH 692 Methods of Art History (3) 

Methods of research and criticism applied to typical 
art-historical problems; bibliography and other re- 
search tools. 

ARTH 695 Museum Colloquium (3) 
Formerly ARTH 698. 

ARTH 699 Special Topics in Art History (3) 

Prerequisite: consent of department head or instruc- 
tor. 

ARTH 708 Seminar in Ancient Art and 
Archaeology (3) 

Repeatable to 9 credits each in the Master's and 
Ph.D. programs. 

ARTH 709 Seminar in Late Roman, Early Christian, 
and Byzantine Art (3) 

Repeatable to 9 credits each in the Master's and 
Ph.D. programs. 

ARTH 718 Seminar in Medieval Art (3) 

Repeatable to 9 credits each in the Master's and 
Ph.D. programs. 

ARTH 719 Seminar in Italian Renaissance Art (3) 

Repeatable to 9 credits each in the Master's and 
Ph.D. programs. 

ARTH 728 Seminar in Fourteenth and Fifteenth- 
Century Northern European Art (3) 

Repeatable to 9 credits each in the Master's and 
Ph.D. programs. 

ARTH 729 Seminar in Sixteenth-Century Northern 
European Art (3) 

Repeatable to 9 credits each in the Master's and 
Ph.D. programs. 

ARTH 738 Seminar in Seventeenth-Century 
Southern European Art (3) 

Repeatable to 9 credits each in the Master's and 
Ph.D. programs. 



ARTH 739 Seminar in Se\enteenth-< unturv 

Northern European Art (3) 
Repeatable to '> credits each m the Waster's and 
Ph. I) programs. 

ARTH 748 Seminar in Eighteenth-Century 
European Art (3) 

Repeatable to 9 credits each in the Master's and 

Ph.D. programs. 

ARTH 749 Seminar in Nineteenth-Century 
European Art (3) 

Repeatable to 9 credits each in the Master's and 
Ph.D. programs. 

ARTH 758 Seminar in American Art (3) 

Repeatable to 9 credits each in the Master's and 
Ph.D. programs. 

ARTH 759 Seminar in Twentieth-Century Art (3) 

Repeatable to 9 credits each in the Master's and 
Ph.D. programs. 

ARTH 768 Seminar in Latin American Art and 

Archaeology (3) 
Repeatable to 9 credits each in the Master's and 
Ph.D. programs. 

ARTH 769 Seminar in African Art (3) 

Repeatable to 9 credits each in the Master's and 
Ph.D. programs. 

ARTH 778 Seminar in Chinese Art (3) 

Repeatable to 9 credits each in the Master's and 
Ph.D. programs. 

ARTH 779 Seminar in Japanese Art (3) 

Repeatable to 9 credits each in the Master's and 
Ph.D. programs. 

ARTH 789 Selected Topics in Art History (3) 

Repeatable to 9 credits each in the Master's and 
Ph.D. programs. 

ARTH 798 Directed Graduate Studies in Art 
History (3) 

ARTH 799 Master's Thesis Research (1-6) 

ARTH 899 Doctoral Dissertation Research (1-8) 

ARTT - Art Studio 

ARTT 404 Experiments in Visual Processes (3) 
Six hours of laboratory per week. Prerequisite: ARTT 
220 or ARTT 330 or ARTT 340. Formerly ARTS 404. 
Investigation and execution of process oriented art. 
Group and individual experimental projects. 



270 ARTT - Art Studio 



ARTT 418 Drawing (3) 

Six hours of laboratory per week. Prerequisite: ARTT 
210. Repeatable to 12 credits. Formerly ARTS 418. 
Original compositions from the figure and nature, 
supplemented by problems of personal and expres- 
sive drawing. 

ARTT 428 Painting (3) 

Six hours of laboratory per week. Prerequisite: ARTT 
320. Repeatable to 12 credits. Formerly ARTS 428. 
Original compositions based upon nature, figure, still 
life and expressive painting emphasizing develop- 
ment of personal directions. 

ARTT 438 Sculpture (3) 

Six hours of laboratory per week. Prerequisites: one 
300-level sculpture course: and permission of de- 
partment. Repeatable to 12 credits. Formerly ARTS 
438. Continuation of 300-level elements of sculpture 
courses with emphasis on developing personal direc- 
tions in chosen media. 

ARTT 448 Printmaking (3) 

Six hours of laboratory per week. Prerequisites: one 
300-level printmaking course; and permission of de- 
partment. Repeatable to 12 credits. Formerly ARTS 
448. Continuation of 300-level elements of printmak- 
ing courses with emphasis on developing personal di- 
rections in chosen media. 

ARTT 449 Advanced Photography (3) 
Six hours of laboratory per week. Prerequisite: ARTT 
353. Repeatable to 12 credits if content differs. Ad- 
vanced photographic techniques and theory. Digital 
photography, image and text, non-silver photogra- 
phy, instant photography, color photography and oth- 
er special tools. 

ARTT 458 Graphic Design and Illustration (3) 

Six hours of laboratory per week. Prerequisites: 
ARTT 350 and ARTT 351. Repeatable to 12 credits if 
content differs. Advanced techniques and theory of 
graphic design and illustration. Image and text, post- 
er, magazine, film, and television graphics, propagan- 
da symbolism included. 

ARTT 459 Three-Dimensional Design (3) 

Six hours of laboratory per week. Prerequisite: ARTT 
352. Repeatable to 12 credits if content differs. Ad- 
vanced techniques and theory of product design, fur- 
niture design, exhibit design and package design. 

ARTT 460 Seminar in Art Theory (3) 

Senior standing. Exploration of relationship between 
content and processes of art in a contemporary multi- 
cultural context. 



ARTT 461 Readings in Art Theory (3) 

Prerequisite: senior standing or permission of de- 
partment. Reading and critical analysis in contempo- 
rary art. 

ARTT 462 Artist's Survival Seminar (3) 

Prerequisite: senior standing or permission of de- 
partment. Business aspects of being an artist with em- 
phasis on starting and maintaining a professional 
career. 

ARTT 463 Principles and Theory: African-American 

Art (3) 

Not open to students who have completed ARTH 474. 
Formerly ARTH 474. Principles basic to the estab- 
lishment of aesthetic theories common to an ethnic or 
minority art examined through the works of art by 
Americans of African ancestry. 

ARTT 468 Seminar on the Interrelationship between 
Art and Art Theory (3) 

Prerequisite: permission of department. Repeatable 
to 6 credits if content differs. Formerly ARTS 468. 
The relationship between a student's work and the 
theoretical context of contemporary art. 

ARTT 478 Papermaking (3) 

Six hours of laboratory per week. Prerequisite: per- 
mission of department. Repeatable to 6 credits if con- 
tent differs. Traditional and contemporary Western 
papermaking techniques with emphasis on creative 
approaches and continued individual artistic growth. 

ARTT 489 Advanced Special Topics in Art (3) 

Six hours of laboratory per week. Prerequisite: per- 
mission of department. Repeatable to 6 credits if con- 
tent differs. Formerly ARTS 489. Development of 
student's work on an advanced studio level within the 
context of a special topic. 

ARTT 498 Directed Studies in Studio Art (2-3) 
Prerequisite: permission of department. For advanced 
students. Repeatable if content differs. Formerly 
ARTS 498. 

ARTT 610 Drawing (3) 

Formejly ARTS 610. Sustained treatment of a theme 
chosen by student. Wide variety of media. 

ARTT 614 Drawing (3) 

Formerly ARTS 614. Traditional materials and meth- 
ods including oriental, sumi ink drawing and tech- 
niques of classical european masters. 

ARTT 616 Drawing (3) 

Formerly ARTS 616. Detailed anatomical study of the 
human figure and preparation of large scale mural 
compositions. 



ASTR - Astronomy 271 



UITT 620 Painting (3) 

Formerly ARTS 6 

ARTT 624 Painting (3) 

Formerly \RTS624, 

ARTT 626 Painting (3) 

Formerly ARTS 626 

ARTT 627 Painting (3) 
Formerly ARTS 

ARTT 630 Experimentation in Sculpture (3) 
Formerly ARTS 630 

ARTT 634 Experimentation in Sculpture (3) 
Formerly ARTS 634. 

ARTT 636 Materials and Techniques in Sculpture (3) 

For advanced students. Formerly ARTS 636. Meth- 
ods of armature building, and the use of a variety of 
stone, wood, metal and plastic materials. 

ARTT 637 Sculpture: Casting and Foundry (3) 

Formerly ARTS 637. The traditional methods of plas- 
ter casting and the complicated types involving metal, 
cire perdue, sand-casting and newer methods, such as 
cold metal process. 

ARTT 640 Printmaking (3) 

Formerly ARTS 640. Advanced problems. Relief pro- 
cess. 

ARTT 644 Printmaking (3) 

Formerly ARTS 644. Advanced problems. Intaglio 
process. 

ARTT 646 Printmaking (3) 

Formerly ARTS 646. Advanced problems. Litho- 
graphic process. 

ARTT 647 Seminar in Printmaking (3) 

Formerly ARTS 647. 

ARTT 689 Special Problems in Studio Art (3) 

Prerequisite: permission of instructor. Repeatable to 
6 credits. Formerly ARTS 689. 

ARTT 690 Drawing and Painting (3) 

Formerly ARTS 690. Preparation and execution of a 
wall decoration. 

ARTT 698 Directed Graduate Studies in Studio 

Art (3) 
Prerequisites: for advanced graduate students by 
permission of department head. Course may be re- 
peated for credit if content differs. Formerly ARTS 
698. 



\\< I I 7VH Directed Graduate Studies in Studio 

\rt (3) 

Former!) ARTS 798. 

\l< I I 7«><> Master's I heSIS Research (1-6) 
Formerly ARTS 799. 

ASTR - Astronomy 

\S TR 400 Stellar Astrophysics (3) 
Prerequisite: ASTR 350. Corequisite. I'l/YS 420 or 
I'll) S 421 . Radiation processes in stars and interstel- 
lar space, stellar atmospheres, stellar structure and 
evolution. 

ASTR 410 Radio Astronomy Techniques (3) 

Three hours of lecture and one hour of laboratory per 
week. Prerequisites: {PHYS 273 and I'/IYS 276} or 
{PHYS 263 and PHYS 263 A} or permission of de- 
partment. Introduction to current observational tech- 
niques in radio astronomy. The radio sky, coordinates 
and catalogs, antenna theory, Fourier transforms. in- 
terferometry and arrays, aperture synthesis, radio de- 
tectors. Practical work at observatory with a two- 
element interferometer. 

ASTR 420 Introduction to Galactic Research (3) 

Prerequisite: PHYS 272 and ASTR 350 or equivalent 
or permission of department. Methods of galactic re- 
search, stellar motions, clusters of stars, evolution of 
the galaxy, study of our own and nearby galaxies. 

ASTR 430 The Solar System (3) 

Prerequisite: MATH 246 and either PHYS 263 or 
PHYS 273. or permission of department. The struc- 
ture of planetary atmospheres, radiative transfer in 
planetary atmospheres, remote sensing of planetary 
surfaces, interior structure of planets. Structure of 
comets. Brief discussions of asteroids, satellite sys- 
tems, and solar system evolution. Intended for stu- 
dents majoring in any of the physical sciences. 

ASTR 440 Introduction to Extra-Galactic 
Astronomy (3) 

Prerequisite: PHYS 272 and ASTR 350 or equivalent, 
or permission of department. Properties of normal 
and peculiar galaxies, including radio galaxies and 
quasars; expansion of the universe and cosmology. 

ASTR 450 Celestial Mechanics (3) 
Prerequisite: PHYS 410 or permission of department. 
Celestial mechanics, orbit theory, equations of mo- 
tion. 

ASTR 498 Special Problems in Astronomy (1-6) 

Prerequisite: major in physics or astronomy or per- 
mission of department. Research or special study. 
Credit according to work done. 



272 BCHM - Biochemistry 



ASTR 600 Stellar Atmospheres (3) 

Prerequisite: ASTR 422 or permission of department. 
Structure of stellar atmospheres, survey of atomic and 
molecular physics, absorption coefficients and radia- 
tive transfer, numerical techniques, calculation of 
model atmospheres and comparison with observa- 
tions, discussion of line profiles, stellar winds and 
coronae. 

ASTR 605 Stellar Interiors and Evolution (3) 

Prerequisite: PHYS 410, PHYS 422 or equivalent. 
Energy transfer and generation in the interior of a 
star, evolution of stars, nucleosynthesis, variable 
stars, explosive stars, neutron stars and black holes. 

ASTR 610 Astronomical Instrumentation and 
Techniques (3) 

Prerequisite: PHYS 405 or permission of department. 
Review of Maxwell's equations; designs of tele- 
scopes, spectrographs, modern detectors; basic con- 
cepts for radio detectors and telescopes; 
interferometry and data processing. 

ASTR 620 Galaxies (3) 

Prerequisite: ASTR 400 or permission of department. 
Galaxy classifications; Milky way: basic data, distri- 
bution of stars, gas, dust and relativistic particles, 
large-scale structure and rotation; Spiral galaxies: 
stellar dynamics and stability, density waves, star 
bursts, galactic center; Elliptical galaxies: stellar dy- 
namics, cannabalism; galaxy formation. 

ASTR 640 Radiation and Plasma Processes (3) 

Corequisite: PHYS 606 or permission of department. 
Radiation processes with emphasis on radiation from 
energetic electrons, synchrotron and inverse-Comp- 
ton radiation, bremsstrahlung and astrophysical ap- 
plications. The plasma dielectric and the "zoo" of 
plasma waves. Use of kinetic theory to derive fluid 
dynamics; discussion of MHD in its various limits of 
astrophysical use; some instabilities. 

ASTR 670 Interstellar Matter (3) 

Prerequisite: PHYS 422 or permission of department. 
Photo-ionization processes, classical diagnostics of 
the interstellar medium, physics of supernova rem- 
nants, molecules, dynamics of the formation of 
ciouds and stars, cosmic rays and their acceleration. 

ASTR 688 Special Topics in Modern Astronomy (1-3) 
Prerequisite: permission of instructor. Special topics 
such as extragalactic radio sources, plasma astro- 
physics, the H.R. diagram, chemistry of the interstel- 
lar medium, radiophysics of the sun. 

ASTR 690 Reasearch Project I (3) 

ASTR 691 Research Project II (3) 



ASTR 699 Special Problems in Advanced 
Astronomy (1-6) 

ASTR 760 Solar Physics (3) 

Prerequisite: PHYS 606. Corequisite: ASTR 640 or 
PHYS 761, or permission of department. The struc- 
ture of the solar atmosphere, observations and theo- 
retical interpretation of the solar corona, solar flares, 
solar cycles and oscillations, and their relationship to 
other stars. 

ASTR 788 Selected Topics in Modern 
Astronomy (1-3) 

ASTR 799 Master's Thesis Research (1-6) 

ASTR 899 Doctoral Dissertation Research (1-8) 

BCHM - Biochemistry 

BCHM 461 Biochemistry I (3) 

Prerequisite: CHEM 243 or CHEM 245. A compre- 
hensive introduction to general biochemistry. The 
chemistry and metabolism of carbohydrates, lipids, 
nucleic acids, and proteins. 

BCHM 462 Biochemistry II (3) 

Prerequisite: BCHM 461 . A continuation of BCHM 
461. 

BCHM 464 Biochemistry Laboratory (2) 

Six hours of laboratory per week. Corequisite: 
BCHM 462. 

BCHM 465 Biochemistry III (3) 

Prerequisite: BCHM 462. An advanced course in bio- 
chemistry. 

BCHM 668 Special Problems in Biochemistry (2-4) 
Two to four three-hour laboratory periods per week 
Prerequisite: BCHM 464 or equivalent. 

BCHM 669 Special Topics in Biochemistry (2) 

Prerequisite: BCHM 462 or equivalent. 

BCHM 671 Protein Chemistry and Enzymic 
Catalysis (3) 

Principles of protein structure and function, charac- 
terization of active sites, enzyme mechanisms and ki- 
netics, antibody structure. 

BCHM 672 Biological Membranes (3) 

Organization of biological membranes, metabolism 
of membrane lipids, membrane proteins, including 
receptors, membrane functions including bioenerget- 
ics and transport, assembly of membranes. 

BCHM 673 Regulation of Metabolism (3) 

Intracellular milieu, compartmentation, metabolic 
and enzymic approaches to identifying control points. 



BIOL - Biology 273 



regulation b> covaleni modification i>i enzymes, met- 
abolic disorders. 

BCHM <»74 Nucleic Uidsi3i 
Chemistrj t>t nucleotides and polynucleotides, orga 
nization of cells and genomes from viruses to eukary- 
otes, DNA replication, RNA synthesis, ribosome 
biogenesis, regulation of protein synthesis. 

BCHM 699 Special Problems in Biochemistry (1-6) 
Prerequisite one semester oj graduate studs in bio- 
chemistry. Repeatable to 6 credits if content differs. 
Laboratory experience in a research environment. 
Restricted to students in the non-thesis M.S. option. 

BCHM 799 Master's Thesis Research (1-6) 

BCHM 898 Seminar (1) 

BCHM 899 Doctoral Dissertation Research (1-8) 

BIOL - Biology 

BIOL 489 Topics in Biology for Secondary and 

Middle School Teachers (1-8) 
Prerequisites: Teacher certification, at least two 
years of high school and/or middle school science 
teaching experience and permission of department. 
Repeatable to 12 credits if content differs. An exami- 
nation of selected topics in the biological sciences 
conducted through lecture/discussion, laboratory ex- 
perimentation, and field research. 

BIOL 495 Global Greenhouse Effect (3) 
Two hours of lecture and two hours of discussion/rec- 
itation per week. Prerequisites: BIOL J 05; and BIOL 
106. For students majoring in the College of Life Sci- 
ences. College of Agriculture and College of Educa- 
tion only. 90 semester hours. Senior standing. An 
interdisciplinary investigation of global greenhouse 
warming - its causes, probable consequences, and 
ways to deal with it in the next 100 years. 

BIOL 501 Life Science for Middle School Teachers 

1(4) 
Three lectures and three hours of laboratory pet- 
week. An introductory lecture/laboratory course for 
teachers emphasizing the process and interdepen- 
dence of living organisms, their general organization 
and association with humans in natural ecosystems. 
Discussion of the genetic and evolutionary process 
involved in the continuity of life. 

BIOL 502 Life Science for Middle School Teachers 
11(4) 

Three lectures and three hours of laboratory per 
week. Prerequisite: BIOL 501 . A second-level lec- 
ture/laboratory course that provides a general intro- 
duction to the classification, anatomy and physiology 



ol plants and animals, with a special emphasis on hu- 
mans. 

BIOL 5((3 Life Science for Middle School I eacbers 

111(4) 
Three lectures and three hours of laboratory per 
week. Prerequisite: BIOL 502. A third-level laborato- 
ry/field course thai investigates the ecology and natu- 
ral history of the Chesapeake Bay and human's 
relationship to it. 

BIOM - Biometrics 

BIOM 401 Biostatistics I (4) 

Three hours of lecture and one hour of discussion 
recitation per week. Prerequisite: BIOM 301 . De- 
scriptive statistics, probability models useful in biol- 
ogy, expectations, hypothesis testing, goodness of fit 
tests, central limit theorem, point and interval esti- 
mates, analysis of variance, regression, correlation, 
sampling, rank tests. Emphasis on the uses and the 
limitations of these methods in biology. 

BIOM 405 Computer Applications in Biometrics (1) 

Two hours of laboratory per week. Corequisite: 
BIOM 401 . An introduction to computer usage in sta- 
tistical analyses. Topics include file manipulation, 
formatting data, transformations, descriptive statis- 
tics, graphical displays of data, and several introduc- 
tory inferential statistical procedures. 

BIOM 602 Biostatistics II (4) 

Three hours of lecture and two hours of laboratory 
per week. Prerequisite: BIOM 401 . Also offered as 
AGRO 804. The principles of experimental design 
and analysis of variance and covariance. 

BIOM 603 Biostatistics HI (3) 

Corequisite: BIOM 604 Prerequisite: BIOM 602; 
and BIOM 405 or equivalent. Applications of the 
general linear model to the life sciences. 

BIOM 604 Linear Models Computer Laboratory ( 1 ) 

Two hours of laboratory per week. Corequisite: 
BIOM 603. Prerequisite: BIOM 405. Implementation 
of linear model analyses common to the life sciences. 

BIOM 688 Topics in Biometrics (1-3) 

Prerequisite: permission of department. Repeatable 
to 6 credits if content differs. Advanced topics of cur- 
rent interest in various areas of biometrics. Credit as- 
signed will depend on lecture and/or laboratory time 
scheduled and organization of the course. 

BIOM 698 Special Problems in Biometrics (1-3) 

Prerequisite: permission of both department and in- 
structor. Repeatable to 6 credits if content differs. In- 
dividual study of a particular topic in biostatistics or 
biomathematics. 



274 BMGT - Business and Management 



BIOM 699 Seminar in Biometrics (1) 

BMGT - Business and 
Management 

BMGT 402 Database Systems (3) 

Prerequisite: BMGT 302. Introduction to basic con- 
cepts of database management systems. Relational 
databases, query languages and design will be cov- 
ered. File-processing techniques are examined. 

BMGT 403 Systems Analysis and Design (3) 

Prerequisite: BMGT 302. Techniques and tools ap- 
plicable to the analysis and design of computer-based 
information systems. System life cycle, requirements 
analysis, logical design of data bases, performance 
evaluation. Emphasis on case studies. Project re- 
quired that involves the design, analysis and imple- 
mentation of an information system. 

BMGT 404 Seminar in Decision Support Systems (3) 

Prerequisite: BMGT 302. Design of computer sys- 
tems to solve business problems and to support deci- 
sion making. Human and organizational factors are 
considered. Emphasis on case studies. 

BMGT 405 Business Telecommunications (3) 

Prerequisite: BMGT 302. Concepts of business data 
communications and data processing. Application of 
these ideas in computer networks, including basic 
principles of telecommunications technology, com- 
puter network technology, data management in dis- 
tributed database systems and management of the 
technical and functional components of telecommu- 
nications technology. 

BMGT 407 Info Systems Projects (3) 

Prerequisite: 12 hours of information systems. For 
decision and information sciences majors only. Se- 
nior standing. Senior capstone course for the decision 
and information sciences major. Collected knowl- 
edge from the DIS courses and application to signifi- 
cant problems of size and complexity. State-of-the- 
art research ideas and current business and industrial 
practices in information systems. 

BMGT 410 Fund Accounting (3) 

Prerequisite: BMGT 310. An introduction to the 
fund-based theory and practice of accounting as ap- 
plied to governmental entities and not-for-profit asso- 
ciations. 

BMGT 411 Ethics and Professionalism in 
Accounting (3) 

Prerequisite: BMGT 311. For accounting majors 
only. Senior standing. Analysis and discussion of is- 
sues relating to ethics and professionalism in ac- 
counting. 



BMGT 417 Advanced Tax Accounting (3) 

Prerequisites: BMGT 311; and BMGT 323. Federal 
taxation of corporations, partnerships, fiduciaries, 
and gratuitous transfers. Tools and techniques of tax 
research for compliance and planning. 

BMGT 420 Undergraduate Accounting Seminar (3) 

Prerequisite: senior standing as an accounting major 
or permission of department. Enrollment limited to 
upper one-third of senior class. Seminar coverage of 
outstanding current non-text literature, current prob- 
lems and case studies in accounting. 

BMGT 422 Auditing Theory and Practice (3) 

Prerequisite: BMGT 31 1 . A study of the independent 
accountant's attest function, generally accepted au- 
diting standards, compliance and substantive tests, 
and report forms and opinions. 

BMGT 424 Advanced Accounting (3) 

Prerequisite: BMGT 31 1 . Advanced accounting the- 
ory applied to specialized topics and current prob- 
lems. Emphasis on consolidated statements and 
partnership accounting. 

BMGT 426 Advanced Cost Accounting (3) 

Prerequisite: BMGT 321 . Advanced cost accounting 
with emphasis on managerial aspects of internal 
record-keeping and control systems. 

BMGT 427 Advanced Auditing Theory and 
Practice (3) 

Prerequisite: BMGT 422. An examination and in- 
depth study of special auditing topics such as statisti- 
cal sampling, professional ethics, EDP auditing, legal 
liability, and SEC accounting. 

BMGT 430 Linear Statistical Models in Business (3) 

Prerequisite: BMGT 230 or BMGT 231 or permis- 
sion of department. Model building involving an in- 
tensive study of the general linear stochastic model 
and the applications of this model to business prob- 
lems. The model is derived in matrix form and this 
form is used to analyze both the regression and ANO- 
VA formulations of the general linear model. 

BMGT 431 Design of Statistical Experiments in 

Business (3) 
Prerequisite: BMGT 230 or BMGT 231. Surveys 
ANOVA models, basic and advanced experimental 
design concepts. Non-parametric tests and correla- 
tions are emphasized. Applications of these tech- 
niques to business problems in primarily the 
marketing and behavioral sciences are stressed. 

BMGT 434 Introduction to Optimization Theory (3) 

Prerequisite: MATH 220; or permission of depart- 
ment. Primarily for students majoring in management 
science and statistics. Linear programming, postopti- 



BMGT - Business and Management 275 



malit) analysis, network algorithms, dynamic pro 
gramming, nonlinear programming and single 
variable minimization. 

BMGT 435 Introduction to Applied Probability 

Models (3) 
Prerequisite: BMG1 231 or permission of depart- 
ment. Statistical models in management. Review of 
probability theory, Monte Carlo methods, discrete 
event simulation, Markov chains, queueing analysis. 
other topics depending upon time. Guass, a higher- 
level computer language, will be introduced in the 
class and the students will carry out various exercises 
using this language. 

BMGT 440 Financial Management (3) 
Prerequisite: BMGT 340. Analysis and discussion of 
cases and readings relating to financial decisions of 
the firm. The application of finance concepts to the 
solution of financial problems is emphasized. 

BMGT 443 Security Analysis and Valuation (3) 
Prerequisite: BMGT 343. Study and application of 
the concepts, methods, models, and empirical find- 
ings to the analysis, valuation, and selection of secu- 
rities, especially common stock. 

BMGT 444 Futures Contracts and Options (3) 
Prerequisite: BMGT 343. The institutional features 
and economic rationale underlying markets in futures 
and options. Hedging, speculation, structure of fu- 
tures prices, interest rate futures, efficiency in futures 
markets, and stock and commodity options. 

BMGT 445 Commercial Bank Management (3) 

Prerequisites: BMGT 340: and ECON 430. Analysis 
and discussion of cases and readings in commercial 
bank management. The loan function is emphasized; 
also the management of liquidity reserves, invest- 
ments for income, and source of funds. Bank objec- 
tives, functions, policies, organization, structure, 
services, and regulation are considered. 

BMGT 446 International Finance (3) 

Prerequisite: BMGT 340. Financial management 
from the perspective of the multinational corporation. 
Topics covered include the organization and func- 
tions of foreign exchange and international capital 
markets, international capital budgeting, financing 
foreign trade and designing a global financing strate- 
gy. Emphasis of the course is on how to manage ex- 
change and political risks while maximixing benefits 
from global opportunity sets faced by the firm. 

BMGT 451 Consumer Analysis (3) 

Prerequisite: BMGT 350. Recommended: PSYC 100; 
and PSYC 221 . Not open to students who have com- 
pleted CNEC 437. Credit will be granted for only one 
of the following: BMGT 451 or CNEC 437. American 



consumers in the marketing system. Underlying con 

sumer behavior such as economic, social, psyi holog 
teal and cultural factors. Analysis of consumers in 
marketing Situations as a buyer and uscrot products 
and services - and in relation to the various individual 
social and marketing factors affecting their behavior 
The influence of marketing communications is also 
considered. 

BMGT 452 Marketing Research Methods (3) 
Prerequisites: BMGT 230; and BMGI 451 Forme) 
ly BMGT 450. Develops skills in the use of scientific 
methods in the acquisition, analysis and interpreta- 
tion of marketing data. It covers the specialized fields 
of marketing research; the planning of survey 
projects, sample design, tabulation procedure and re- 
port preparation. 

BMGT 453 Industrial Marketing (3) 

Prerequisites: BMGT 350 plus one other marketing 
course. The industrial and business sector of the mar- 
keting system is considered rather than the household 
or ultimate consumer sector. Industrial products 
range from raw materials and supplies to the major 
equipment in a plant, business office, or institution. 
Topics include product planning and introduction, 
market analysis and forecasting, channels, pricing, 
field sales force management, advertising, marketing 
cost analysis, and government relations. Particular at- 
tention is given to industrial, business and institution- 
al buying policies and practice and to the analysis of 
buyer behavior. 

BMGT 454 International Marketing (3) 

Prerequisites: BMGT 350 plus one other marketing 
course. Marketing functions from the international 
executive's viewpoint, including coverage of interna- 
tional marketing policies relating to product adapta- 
tion, data collection and analysis, channels of 
distribution, pricing, communications, and cost anal- 
ysis. Consideration is given to the cultural, legal, fi- 
nancial, and organizational aspects of international 
marketing. 

BMGT 455 Sales Management (3) 

Prerequisite: BMGT 350. The role of the sales man- 
ager, both at headquarters and in the field, in the man- 
agement of people, resources and marketing 
functions. An analysis of the problems involved in 
sales organization, forecasting, planning, communi- 
cating, evaluating and controlling. The application of 
quantitative techniques and pertinent behavioral sci- 
ence concepts in the management of the sales effort 
and sales force. 

BMGT 456 Advertising (3) 

Prerequisite: BMGT 350. The role of advertising in 
the American economy: the impact of advertising on 



276 BMGT - Business and Management 



our economic and social life, the methods and tech- 
niques currently applied bj advertising practitioners: 
the role of the newspaper, magazine, and other media 
in the development of an advertising campaign, mod- 
em research methods to improve the effectiveness of 
advertising and the organization of the advertising 
business. 

BMGT 457 Marketing Polities and Strategies (3) 
Prerequisite: BMGT 452. Integrative decision mak- 
ing in marketing. Emphasis on consumer and market 
analysis and the appropriate decision models. Case 
studies are included. 

BMGT 460 Human Resource Management: Analysis 
and Problems (3) 

Prerequisite: BMGT 360. Recommended: BMGT 
230. Research findings, special readings, case analy- 
sis, simulation, and field investigations are used to 
develop a better understanding of personnel prob- 
lems, alternative solutions and their practical ramifi- 
cations. 

BMGT 461 Entrepreneurship (3) 

Process of creating new ventures, including evaluat- 
ing the entrepreneurial team, the opportunity and the 
financing requirements. Skills, concepts, mental atti- 
tudes and knowledge relevant for starting a new busi- 
ness. 

BMGT 462 Labor Legislation (3) 

Case method analysis of the modern law of industrial 
relations. Cases include the decisions of administra- 
tive agencies, courts and arbitration tribunals. 

BMGT 464 Organizational Behavior (3) 

Prerequisite: BMGT 364. An examination of re- 
search and theory concerning the forces which con- 
tribute to the behavior of organizational members. 
Topics covered include: work group behavior, super- 
\ isory behavior, intergroup relations, employee goals 
and attitudes, communication problems, organiza- 
tional change, and organizational goals and design. 

BMGT 467 Undergraduate Seminar in Human 
Resource Management (3) 

Prerequisite: permission of department. This course 
is open only to the top one-third of undergraduate ma- 
jors in human resource management and is offered 
during the fall semester of each year. Guest lecturers 
make periodic presentations. 

BMGT 470 Carrier Management (3) 

Prerequisites: BMGT 370: and BMGT 372. The 
study of the wide range of issues facing managers in 
each of the transportation modes. This includes deci- 
sions on market entry, pricing, competitive respons- 
es, service levels, marketing strategies, capital 
structure, and growth objectives. Specific manage- 



ment decisions and overall strategics pursued by 
management in each of the modes are compared and 
contrasted. The decisions of transportation managers 
in other countries are presented for international com- 
parisons. 

BMGT 473 Advanced Transportation Policies (3i 
Prerequisite: BMGT 370. An analysis of the impact 
of government policies on carrier management in the 
various transportation modes. Specific attention is 
given to the impact of various deregulation measures 
on carriers and shippers: determination of appropriate 
funding levels for infrastructure improvements and 
suitable cost allocation schemes; determination of ap- 
propriate truck sizes and weights on interstate high- 
ways; and determination of effective policies for 
transportation safety and labor.The transportation 
policies and problems of other countries are present- 
ed for international comparisons. 

BMGT 474 Urban Transport and Urban 
Development (3) 

Prerequisite: ECON 203: or ECON 205. An analysis 
of the role of urban transportation in present and fu- 
ture urban development including current and pro- 
spective levels of funding for urban transportation 
systems, capital and operating subsidies, allocation of 
funds between highways and transit congestion and 
pollution in urban area, and the allocation of highway 
costs across a variety of users including commercial 
motor truck as well as auto travel. Assessment of abil- 
ity of new technologies, such as intelligent highways, 
to assist in achieving efficiency goals. 

BMGT 475 Advanced Logistics Management (3) 

Prerequisites: BMGT 370, and BMGT 372. Applica- 
tion of the concepts of BMGT 372 and BMGT 370 to 
problem solving and special projects in logistics man- 
agement. Case analysis is stressed. 

BMGT 476 Applied Computer Models in Logistics 
and Transportation Management (3) 

Prerequisites: BMGT 301 and BMGT 370 and BMGT 
372. Introduction to the expanding base of computer 
software in the logistics and transportation fields. Ap- 
plications include: inventory control, location deci- 
sions, and vehicle routing. 

BMGT 477 International Logistics and 
Transportation Management (3) 

Prerequisites: BMGT 370: and BMGT 372. The 
study of the importance of total logistics costs for 
U.S. industries attempting to compete in a global 
economy. Coverage of the structure, service, pricing, 
and competitive relationships among U.S. interna- 
tional carriers and transport intermediaries, e.g. the 
flows of international freight (exports and imports) 
throughout the U.S. and the role of ports and critical 



BMGT - Business and Management 277 



gateways. Foreign trade practices and theii impact on 
the logistics costs of I .S. importers and exporters. 

BMGT 4X0 Legal Environment of Business (3) 

Junior standing Principal ideas in law stressing those 
relevant for the modem business executive with locus 
on legal reasoning as it has evolved in this country. 
Leading antitrust cases illustrating the reasoning pro- 
cess as well as the interplay of business, philosophy, 
and the various conceptions of the nature of law 
which give direction to the process. Examination of 
COntemporarj legal problems and proposed solutions. 
especially those most likely to affect the business 
community , 

BMGT 481 Public Utilities (3) 

Prerequisite: ECON 203; or ECON 205. Using the 
regulated industries as specific examples, attention is 
focused on broad and general problems in such di- 
verse fields as constitutional law, administrative law, 
public administration, government control of busi- 
ness, advanced economic theory, accounting, valua- 
tion and depreciation, taxation, finance, engineering, 
and management. 

BMGT 482 Business and Government (3) 

Prerequisite: ECON 203: or ECON 205. A study of 
the role of government in modern economic life. So- 
cial control of business as a remedy for the abuses of 
business enterprise arising from the decline of com- 
petition. Criteria of limitations on government regu- 
lation of private enterprise. 

BMGT 485 Advanced Production Management (3) 

Prerequisite: BMGT 385. A study of typical prob- 
lems encountered by the factory manager. The objec- 
tive is to develop the ability to analyze and solve 
problems in management control of production and in 
the formulation of production policies. Among the 
topics covered are plant location, production plan- 
ning and control, methods analysis, and time study. 

BMGT 486 Total Quality Management (3) 

Prerequisite: BMGT 230 or equivalent. Total Quality 
Management and the synergy required between func- 
tions to obtain the customer's quality demands. Sta- 
tistical tools which are mandatory in any successful 
quality effort. 

BMGT 490 The Total Quality Practicum (3) 

Prerequisite: BMGT 390 or ENES 390. Also offered 
as ENES 490. Capstone course for the four course to- 
tal quality program. Based on a major project under- 
taken by student teams in an industry environment 
emphasizing integrative aspects of total quality, each 
project will be supervised by a joint faculty/industry 
team with differing areas of expertise. Requires ex- 
tensive out-of-class work. 



BMG1 493 Honors Stud) (3) 

Prerequisite permission oj department, first semes 
tei ot the senioi year. The course is designed lor hon- 
ors students who have elected to conduct intensive 
studs (independent oi group). The student will work 
under the direct guidance ol a facult) advisor and the 
Assistant Dean of Undergraduate Studies. They shall 
determine that the area of Study is of a scope and in- 
tensity deserving of a candidate's attention. Formal 
written and/or oral reports on the study may be re- 
quired by the faculty advisor. 

BMGT 494 Honors Stud} (3) 

Prerequisite: BMGT 493, and continued candidacy 
for honors in Business and Management. Second se- 
mester of the senior year. The student shall continue 
and complete the research initiated in BMGT 493, ad- 
ditional reports may be required at the discretion of 
the faculty advisor and Assistant Dean of Undergrad- 
uate Studies. 

BMGT 495 Business Policies (3) 

Prerequisites: BMGT 340: and BMGT 350: and 
BMGT 364. A case study course where students apply 
what they have learned of general management prin- 
ciples and their specialized functional applications to 
the overall management function in the enterprise. 

BMGT 496 Business Ethics and Society (3) 

Prerequisite: one course in BMGT; or permission of 
department. Normative role of business in society; 
consideration of the sometimes conflicting interests 
and claims on the firm and its objectives. 

BMGT 498 Special Topics in Business and 
Management (3) 

Prerequisite: permission of department. Repeatable 
to 6 credits if content differs. Special topics in busi- 
ness and management designed to meet the changing 
needs and interests of students and faculty. 

BMGT 501 Business Functions (4) 

Intensive review of marketing and finance functions 
in the business enterprise. Credit not applicable to 
graduate degrees. 

BMGT 505 Organizational Behavior and Strategic 
Management (3) 

Intensive review of organizational behavior theory, 
and administrative processes and policy in the busi- 
ness enterprise. Credit not applicable to graduate de- 
grees. 

BMGT 601 Leadership Development and Managing 
Diversity (0) 

For BMGT majors only. Helps students develop basic 
leadership skills through role-playing exercises and 
group cases. Examines challenges of managing di- 
verse work groups. 



278 BMGT - Business and Management 



BMGT 602 Total Quality Management (0) 

For BMGT majors only. Introduces students to Total 
Quality Management (TQM) both as an integrative- 
transformative framework for business operations 
and as a strategic move to gain competitive advan- 
tage. Through site visits, special exercises and a case, 
student teams participate in interactive learning and 
cross-functional thinking. 

BMGT 603 Washington Experience (0) 

For BMGT majors only. A series of presentations and 
workshops covering the national policy- making pro- 
cess; legislative process and role of Congressional 
committees; key administrative agencies dealing with 
business issues (EPA, SEC, etc.); external influence 
groups; and international issues and organizations. 

BMGT 604 International Business Simulation (0) 

For BMGT majors only. Computer-based interactive 
game that requires students to deal with several types 
of uncertainties in an international business environ- 
ment. Students work in teams, competing against 
teams. 

BMGT 605 Career Development and Team 

Building (0) 
For BMGT majors only. Exercises and lectures de- 
signed to develop teamwork skills, and impart to stu- 
dents basic career development training. 

BMGT 606 MBA Case Competition (0) 

For BMGT majors only. Allows students to practice 
and apply multi-functional organizational skills in- 
volving the development and presentation of strategic 
plans to panels of judges. Student teams are assigned 
a complex business policy case for which they pre- 
pare and present a strategic plan. 

BMGT 607 Business Ethics (0) 

For BMGT majors only. Uses experiential learning 
techniques to consider various aspects of business 
ethics. The emphasis is on recognition of ethical is- 
sues, dealing with uncertainty and unstructured situa- 
tions, and the development of the skills to analyze 
ethical issues. 

BMGT 610 Financial Reporting and Cost 

Accounting (3) 
For BMGT majors only. Overview of financial ac- 
counting, periodic financial statements and the finan- 
cial reporting process. Introduction to cost 
accounting concepts that play a role in preparation of 
financial statements. Importance of financial state- 
ments as information source for creditors and inves- 
tors and as a means by which managers can 
communicate information about their firms. 



BMGT 611 Managerial Accounting (0) 

Prerequisite: BMGT 610. Use of accounting data in 
corporate planning and control. Cost-volume- profit 
analysis, budgeting, pricing decisions and cost data, 
transfer pricing, activity-based management, perfor- 
mance measures, and standard costing. 

BMGT 615 Business Communications (1) 

For BMGT majors only. Instruction and practical ex- 
perience in written and oral business communica- 
tions. Basics of structuring business documents and 
oral presentations. Fosters practice-based (rather than 
lecture-or case- discussion-based learning). 

BMGT 620 Strategic Information Systems (2) 

For BMGT majors only. Use of information technol- 
ogy to achieve competitive advantage, efficient oper- 
ations, and effective decision making. Analysis of 
functions of information technology and its impact on 
competitive strategy and organizational operations. 

BMGT 630 Managerial Statistics I (3) 

Prerequisite: For BMGT majors only or permission 
of department. Provides training in statistical reason- 
ing and techniques in a business context. Topics in- 
clude probability models. sampling, data 
presentation.estimation, hypothesis testing, multiple 
regression, analysis of designed data, and tools for 
data-based decision making in total qualitymanage- 
ment. 

BMGT 631 Operations Research and 
Management (3) 

Prerequisite: BMGT 630. Application of operations 
research and operations management concepts to so- 
lution of business problems. Emphasis on integrated 
approach to management decision making. 

BMGT 632 Decision Modeling and Analysis (0) 

Prerequisite: BMGT 630. For BMGT majors only. 
Not open to students who have completed BMGT 631 . 
Provides an understanding of the role that quantita- 
tive methods have in the making of business deci- 
sions. Topics include problem formulation and 
modeling, linear and integer programming and their 
application to business and industry, network models 
and^ related applications, and project and machine 
scheduling. PC-based software is used to solve and 
analyze problems. 

BMGT 640 Financial Management (3) 

Prerequisites: BMGT 610: and BMGT 630. For 
BMGT majors only or permission of department. 
Analysis of major corporate financial decisions using 
a market-oriented framework. Introduction to value 
techniques, capital budgeting principles and prob- 
lems, asset valuation, operation and efficiency of fi- 
nancial markets, financing decisions, dividend policy 



BMGT - Business and Management 279 



and international finance. Additional topics, such as 
mergers and acquisitions maj be covered. 

BMGT 650 Marketing Management (3) 
Prerequisite: For BMG1 majors only or permission 
of department Analysis of marketing problems and 
evaluation ol specific marketing efforts regarding the 
organization's products and services, pricing activi- 
ties, channel selection, and promotion strategies in 
both domestic and international markets 

BMG I 66(1 Management and Organizational 

Behavior (3) 
Prerequisite: For BMGT majors only or permission 

of department. The influence of the behavioral sci- 
ences on the theorj and practice of management. Mo- 
tivation, leadership, and international styles of 
management. 

BMGT 661 Human Resource Management (3) 

The human resource function in organizations. Hu- 
man resource planning, procurement and selection, 
training and development, performance appraisal, 
wage and salary administration, and equal employ- 
ment opportunity. 

BMGT 662 Organizational Behavior and Human 
Resources (3) 

For BMGT majors only. Not open to students who 
have completed BMGT 660. Key management issues 
from organizational behavior perspective. Organiza- 
tional structure and design, work motivation and mo- 
rale, problem solving and decision making, group 
dynamics and conflict resolution, organizational 
change, and cross-cultural differences in culture and 
values. Total quality management is stressed. 

BMGT 663 Introduction to the Management of 
Human Resources (0) 

Prerequisite: BMGT 662. For BMGT majors only. 
Not open to students who have completed BMGT 66 J . 
Systematic approaches to human resources manage- 
ment in the context of organizational strategy, as con- 
strained by legal and economic factors. Strategically 
aligned recruitment and screening systems, training 
and development, performance management, career 
management and reward systems. 

BMGT 670 Economic Environment (3) 

Prerequisite: For BMGT majors only or permission 
of department. The macroeconomic environment and 
its impact on the business enterprise. Nature of eco- 
nomic fluctuations, analysis of consumer spending, 
theory and analysis of investment spending, supply 
and demand for money and capital, modem macro- 
economic theory, international problems, forecasting 
and an analysis of economic conditions. 



BMG1 6^1 Managerial Economics (3) 
Prerequisite Foi BMG1 majors only or permission 
oj department. The application ol economic theory to 
the business enterprise in respect to me determination 
ofpolic) and the handling ol management problems 
w ith particular reference to the firm producing a coin 
ple\ line of products, nature of competition, pricing 
policy, interrelationship ol production and marketing 
problems, basic types of cost, control systems, theo- 
ries of depreciation and investment and the impact ol 
each upon costs. 

BMGT 672 Logistics Management (3) 

Prerequisite: For BMGT majors only or permission 
of department. Theoretical and case material is used 
to analyze managerial decisions related to business 
logistics. The many trade-offs faced by a logistics 
manager are examined such as the trade -off between 
inventory levels and mode of transportation used, the 
trade-off between inventory levels and customer ser- 
vice, and the trade-offs that should be made if the) re- 
duce total logistics costs or increase company profits. 

BMGT 680 Business and Public Policy (3) 

Prerequisite: BMGT 670. For BMGT majors only or 
permission of department. Survey of conceptual and 
legal aspects of the business-environment relation- 
ship; nature of public policy; major historic and cur- 
rent policy issues; business role in the policy process: 
developing and managing corporate social policy and 
impact; special problems of the multinational corpo- 
ration. 

BMGT 681 Managerial Economics and Public 
Policy (3) 

For BMGT majors only. Not open to students who 
have completed BMGT 671 and BMGT 680. Basic 
microeconomic principles used by firms, including 
supply and demand, elasticities, costs, productivity, 
pricing, market structure and competitive implica- 
tions of alternative market structures. Market failures 
and government intervention. Public policy processes 
affecting business operations. 

BMGT 682 Business Law for Managers (3) 

Prerequisite: Permission of department. Survey of 
United States legal institutions and processes as well 
as substantive areas of the law that affect business. 
Examination of tort and contract law, the legal forms 
of business organization and legal liability and major 
regulatory laws that affect business. 

BMGT 683 The Global Economic Environment (3) 

For BMGT majors only. Not open to students who 
have completed BMGT 670. Relationship between 
national and international economic environments. 
Determinants of output, interest rates, prices and ex- 
change rates. Analysis of effect of economic policies 



280 BMGT - Business and Management 



(fiscal, monetary, trade, tax) on the firm and the econ- 
omy. 

BMGT 690 Strategic Management (3) 

Prerequisites: majors only or permission of depart- 
ment. Integrative strategic management focusing on 
strategy formulation and implementation in domestic 
and global settings. Industry and competitor analysis, 
industry and firm value chain, leadership, goal set- 
ting, organizational structure and culture. Case study 
approach to top management and organizational 
problems. 

BMGT 691 MBA Field Project (3-6) 
For BMGT majors only. Not open to students who 
have completed BMGT 791. Experiental research 
project in the identification of management problems, 
the evaluation of alternative solutions, and the recom- 
mendation for management. 

BMGT 702 Applied Security Analysis and Portfolio 
Management (3) 

Prerequisites: BMGT 640; and BMGT 743; and per- 
mission of department. Applications in definition of 
investment objectives, security analysis, portfolio 
analysis, portfolio selection, and portfolio manage- 
ment as they relate to the MBA Educational Invest- 
ment Fund. Emphasis on analysis and 
recommendations. 

BMGT 710 Advanced Accounting Theory (3) 

Prerequisite: BMGT 610. Contemporary issues in fi- 
nancial accounting. The nature of income, the rela- 
tionship between asset valuation and income 
determination, and various approaches to accounting 
for inflation. The accounting standards setting pro- 
cess. The measurement and valuation of assets (e.g., 
foreign investments) and liabilities (e.g., leases and 
pensions). 

BMGT 711 Advanced Managerial Accounting (3) 

Prerequisites: permission of department; and com- 
pletion of all first year MBA courses before register- 
ing for this course. Study of advanced topics such as 
residual income, transfer pricing, information induc- 
tance, break-even analysis under uncertainty, statisti- 
cal significance of standard cost variance, cost 
analysis and pricing decisions, distribution cost ac- 
counting, accounting data and managerial incentive 
contracts, and decision support systems for capital 
budgeting. 

BMGT 712 Accounting in Regulated Industries (3) 

Prerequisite: BMGT 611. Study of the unique ac- 
counting problems of industrial regulation by govern- 
mental agencies. 



BMGT 713 The Impact of Taxation On Business 
Decisions (3) 

Prerequisite: BMGT 61 1. The impact of tax law and 
regulations on alternative strategies with particular 
emphasis on the large, multidivisional firm. Problems 
of acquisitions, mergers, spinoffs, and other divesti- 
tures from the viewpoint of profit planning, cash 
flow, and tax deferment. 

BMGT 715 International Accounting (3) 

Prerequisite: BMGT 611 . International accounting, 
its problems and organization with the study of the is- 
sues involved; international standards of accounting 
and auditing; national differences in accounting 
thought and practice. 

BMGT 721 File Processing and Database Systems (3) 

Prerequisite: majors only or permission of depart- 
ment. Concepts and techniques for structuring data on 
secondary storage devices. Experience in the use of 
these techniques. The basic data structures necessary 
for these techniques. Typical file processing applica- 
tions. 

BMGT 724 Economics of Information Systems (3) 

Prerequisite: BMGT 620; or BMGT 721 . Methods for 
the economic construction and operation of computer 
systems. Techniques for sizing and costing system 
components and for optimizing system design. Meth- 
ods for efficient utilization of computer resources 
with particular consideration of relevant economic 
topics such as transfer pricing, joint costs, peak load 
pricing problems and public goods problems. 

BMGT 725 Information Systems Analysis and 
Design (3) 

Prerequisite: BMGT 620; or BMGT 721. Introduc- 
tion to practical techniques for information systems 
and design. Design requirements for information pro- 
cessing systems. Models and tools for requirement 
analysis. Case studies for actual systems and applica- 
tions. 

BMGT 726 Distributed Data Processing (3) 

Prerequisite: BMGT 620; or BMGT 721. Introduc- 
tion to distributed data processing concepts. The 
building blocks of distributed systems: computers, 
terminals, and communications; the interface and 
protocols that allow them to function as an integrated 
system. Major categories of distributed systems; re- 
source-sharingnetworks, multiple-processor net- 
works, and tightly coupled multiprocessors. 

BMGT 727 Security and Control of Information 
Systems (3) 

Prerequisite: BMGT 620; or BMGT 721. The infor- 
mation control risks faced by corporations. Tech- 
niques for enhancing the security and integrity of 



BMGT - Business and Management 281 



corporate information resources. [Tie auditing and 
control procedures for corporate information sys 
terns. Actual case studies. 

BMGT 730 Manufacturing Strategies and 

Operations (3) 
Formulation and implementation of manufacturing 
strategy, an integral pari of the firm's overall compel 
itive strategy. Linkages between operations and other 
functional areas, and the details of the Structure and 
organization of operations. Examines ways compa- 
nies can develop and use manufacturing capabilities 
as a competitive weapon. 

BMGT 731 Theory of Survey Design (3) 
Prerequisite: BMGT 630. The usefulness of statisti- 
cal principles in survey design. The nature of statisti- 
cal estimation, the differential attributes of different 
estimators, the merits and weaknesses of available 
sampling methods and designs, the distinctive aspects 
o\' simple random samples, stratified random sam- 
ples, and cluster samples, ratio estimates and the 
problems posed by biases and non-sampling errors. 

BMGT 732 Total Quality Management (3) 

Prerequisite: 12 or more graduate BMGT credits in- 
cluding BMGT 630 or equivalent, or permission of 
instructor. Presents the concepts and techniques used 
in organizational decision making leading to continu- 
ous improvement of all processes at all levels to 
achieve and maintain a total quality culture, including 
increased satisfaction for internal and external cus- 
tomers. 

BMGT 733 Managerial Statistics II (3) 

Prerequisite: BMGT 630 or equivalent. Covers sim- 
ple and multiple regression, including polynomial re- 
gression, residual analysis, multicollinearity, 
autocorrelation, model selection techniques, analysis 
of variance and experimental design. 

BMGT 734 Models for Operations Management (3) 

Prerequisites: BMGT 630 and BMGT 631. Selected 
models for operations management. Topics covered 
include simple forecasting methods, workforce plan- 
ning, inventory control, scheduling, performance 
evaluation, and quality control. 

BMGT 735 Application of Management Science (3) 

Prerequisite: BMGT 631 . Selected topics and case 
studies in the application of management science to 
decision making in various functional fields. 

BMGT 736 Philosophy and Practice of Management 

Science (3) 
Prerequisites: BMGT 630: and BMGT 632. Critical 
examination of the philosophy underlining the tech- 
niques and methodology of management science 
from a systems analysis point of view. 



BMG I 737 Management Simulation (3) 
Prerequisite BMG1 631. Methodology ol systems 
simulation, Monte Carlo simulation, and discrete 
simulation. Verification and validation ol simulation 
models with computer applications. 

BMGT 740 New Venture Financing (3) 

Prerequisite: BMGT <)4() or permission of depart- 
ment. Development of skills for financing new ven- 
tures (both small and potentially large). Exploration 
of various funding sources. Criteria used in evalua- 
tion and decision process, including commercial 
banks, venture capital companies, small business in- 
vestment companies, underwriters, private place- 
ment-financial consultants, mortgage bankers, and 
small business innovative research grants (U.S. Gov- 
ernment). Topics will include: methods of financing, 
techniques for valuing new businesses, financial 
structure, and evaluation methods used by investors 
and lenders. 

BMGT 741 Advanced Financial Management (3) 

Prerequisite: BMGT 640. Concepts underlying finan- 
cial decision making in the firm. Case studies, model 
building and applications in financial theory and 
management. 

BMGT 742 Financial Planning and Strategy (3) 

Prerequisite: BMGT 640. Integration and extension 
of financial theory to financial planning and strategy. 
Financial decision making through case analysis and 
financial planning models. 

BMGT 743 Investment Management (3) 

Prerequisite: BMGT 640. Methods of security selec- 
tion and portfolio management in the debt and equity 
markets. Investment alternatives, securities markets, 
bond and common stock valuation, options, portfolio 
theory, and behavior of stock prices. 

BMGT 744 Futures Contracts and Options 
Management (3) 

Prerequisites: BMGT 640. The institutional features 
and economic rationale underlying markets in futures 
and options. Hedging, speculation, structure of fu- 
tures prices, interest rate futures, efficiency in futures 
markets, and stock and commodity options. Current 
journal literature. 

BMGT 745 Financial Institutions Management (3) 

Prerequisite: BMGT 640. The role of financial man- 
agement in financial institutions. The economic role 
and regulation of financial institutions, analysis of 
risks and returns on financial assets and liabilities, 
and the structure of assets, liabilities and capital. 

BMGT 746 International Financial Management (3) 

Prerequisite: BMGT 640. The role of financial man- 
agement in the multinational firm. The financing and 



282 BMGT - Business and Management 



managing of foreign investments, assets, currencies. 
imports and exports. National and international finan- 
cial institutions and markets. 

BMGT 751 Marketing Communications 

Management (3) 
Prerequisite: BMGT 650. The role of advertising, 
promotion, public relations and related efforts in the 
accomplishment of a firm's total marketing objec- 
tives. The development of competence in the formu- 
lation of mass communications, objectives in budget 
optimization, media appraisal, theme selection, pro- 
gram implementation and management, and results 
measurement. 

BMGT 752 Marketing Research Methods (3) 

Prerequisites: BMGT 630: and BMGT 650. The pro- 
cess of acquiring, classifying and interpreting prima- 
ry and secondary marketing data needed for 
intelligent, profitable marketing decisions. Evalua- 
tion of the appropriateness of alternative methodolo- 
gies such as the inductive, deductive, survey, 
observational, and experimental. Recent develop- 
ments in the systematic recording and use of internal 
and external data needed for marketing decisions. 

BMGT 753 International Marketing (3) 

Prerequisite: BMGT 650. Environmental, organiza- 
tional, and financial aspects of international market- 
ing as well as problems of marketing research, 
pricing, channels of distribution, product policy, and 
communications which face U.S. firms trading with 
foreign firms or which face foreign firms in their op- 
erations. 

BMGT 754 Buyer Behavior Analysis (3) 

Prerequisite: BMGT 650. A systematic examination 
and evaluation of the literature, research tradition and 
theory of buyer behavior in the market place from a 
fundamental and applied perspective. The cognitive 
and behavioral bases underlying the buying process 
of individuals and institutions. 

BMGT 756 Business-to-Business Marketing (3) 

Prerequisite: BMGT 650. Problems and processes in 
marketing to organizational customers rather than fi- 
nal consumers. Basic marketing strategies and behav- 
ioral models adjusted to accommodate the unique 
requirements of marketing to business and govern- 
mental customers. 

BMGT 760 Compensation and Performance 

Appraisal (3) 
Development and implementation of compensation 
and performance appraisalsystems. Particular empha- 
sis is given to designing systems that support organi- 
zational strategies. 



BMGT 761 Problems and Applications in Human 
Resource Management (3) 

Prerequisite: BMGT 66 J . Applications in the design, 
implementation, and evaluation of human resource 
management programs. Experiential learning activi- 
ties and simulations. 

BMGT 762 Problems and Issues in Collective 
Bargaining (3) 

Current problems and issues in collective bargaining, 
including methods of handling industrial disputes, le- 
gal restrictions on various collective bargaining activ- 
ities, theory and philosophy of collective bargaining, 
and internal union problems. 

BMGT 763 Administration of Labor Relations (3) 

Analysis of labor relations at the plant level with em- 
phasis on the negotiation and administration of labor 
contracts. Union policy and influence on personnel 
management activities. 

BMGT 764 Executive Power (3) 

Negotiations knowledge and skills through a series of 
readings (the use of power during bargaining ex- 
changes, principles of effective listening.and bargain- 
ing strategies and tactics ) and through the opportunity 
to practice negotiating. 

BMGT 765 Organizational Behavior: A 
Multicultural Perspective (3) 

Prerequisite: BMGT 660. Study of organizational be- 
havior from a multicultural perspective. 

BMGT 766 Management Planning and Control 

Systems (3) 
Prerequisite: BMGT 660. For BMGT majors only or 
permission of department. Analysis of planning and 
control systems as they relate to the fulfillment of or- 
ganizational objectives. Identification of organiza- 
tional objectives, responsibility centers, information 
needs, and information networks. Case studies of in- 
tegrated planning and control systems. 

BMGT 767 Implementing Strategy: Organizing to 
Compete (3) 

Prerequisite: completion of the MBA core require- 
ments or permission of department. Recommended: 
BMGT 690. Organizational dynamics of competitive 
advantage. Impact of alternative organizational struc- 
tures, planning and control systems, human resource 
management practices, and executive leadership 
styles on the implementation of archetypically differ- 
ent strategies. 

BMGT 770 Transportation Management (3) 

Prerequisite: BMGT 672. A study of the fundamental 
differences among the various transportation modes 
in terms of their basic cost structures, market compe- 
tition, and service characteristics. The wide range of 



BMGT - Business and Management 283 



issues Facing managers in each of the transportation 
modes including decisions on market entry, pricing, 
competitive responses, service levels, capital strue- 
ture, and growth objectives in a deregulated en\ iron- 
ment. I'he decisions ol transportation managers in 
other countries are presented for international com- 
parisons. 

BMGT 771 Public Policj in Transportation and 

Logistics (3) 
Prerequisite: BMGT 672. An analysis of the impact 

of government policies on carriers in the various 
transportation modes and on the users of transporta- 
tion services. Specific attention is given to a variety 
of issues sueh as: the impact of various deregulation 
measures on carriers and shippers: determination of 
appropriate funding levels for infrastructure improve- 
ments as well as suitable cost allocation schemes; de- 
termination of appropriate levels of subsidy for urban 
transportation systems. Determination of appropriate 
truck sizes and weights on interstate highwavs: and 
determination of effective policies for transportation 
safer) and labor. The transportation policies and 
problems of other countries are presented for interna- 
tional comparisons. 

BMGT 773 Transportation Strategy (3) 
Prerequisite: BMGT 672. Organization structure, 
policies, and procedures employed in the administra- 
tion of inter- and intraurban transport firms. Manage- 
rial development, operational and financial planning 
and control, demand analysis, pricing, promotional 
policies, intra- and intermodal competitive and com- 
plementary relationships, and methods for accommo- 
dating public policies designed to delimit the 
managerial discretion of carrier executives. Adminis- 
trative problems peculiar to publicly-owned and op- 
erated transport entities. 

BMGT 776 Management of High Technology. 

Research and Development (3) 
Prerequisite: majors or permission or department. 
The creation of competitive advantages through the 
use of new technology. The integration of technolog- 
ical strategy with business strategy within the internal 
corporate culture. Research and development in the 
context of this strategy-structure of the firm. The na- 
ture of R & D, the management of creativity, and new 
product development are also discussed. 

BMGT 777 Policy Issues in Public Utilities: Energy 
and the Environment (3) 

Prerequisite: BMGT 671 . Current developments in 
regulatory policy and issues arising among public 
utilities, regulatory agencies, and the general public. 
Emphasis on the electric, gas. water, and communica- 
tions industries in both the public and private sectors 
of the economy. Changing and emerging problems 



such as cost analysis, depreciation, finance, taxes, 

rate ot return, the rate base, differential rate-making. 
and labor. The growing importance ot technological 
developments and their impact on state and federal 
regulator) agencies. 

BMGT 7S0 Vvs Venture Creation (3) 

Prerequisite completion oj MBA core requirements 

or permission of department Creating new ventures, 
including evaluating the entrepreneurial team, the op- 
portunity and financing requirements. Skills, con- 
cepts, attitudes and know-how relevant for creating 
and building a venture: and preparation of a business 
plan. These approaches are not limited to new or 
growing enterprises. 

BMGT 781 The Entrepreneur and the 
Entrepreneurial Team (3) 

Prerequisite: completion of MBA core requirements 
or permission of department. The entrepreneur and 
the entrepreneurial team: the entrepreneur and the 
team as it relates to innovation, change, power, and 
risk-taking. Entrepreneurs and their teams from a va- 
riety of different firms present and discuss their view s 
on leadership. 

BMGT 782 Corporate Venturing and 
Intrepreneurship (3) 

Prerequisite: completion of MBA core or permission 
of department. Corporate venturing and intrepreneur- 
ship: overview of the venture process in corporations 
and the unique problems and opportunities for corpo- 
rate entrepreneurs in the venturing process to reduce 
the cost of failure and increasing the chance of suc- 
cess. Emphasis is on the internal corporate venturing 
process, from selection to new venture creation. 

BMGT 783 Managerial Staffing (3) 

Aimed at increasing an understanding of the legal, 
technical, and practical issues involved in organiza- 
tional staff forecasting, and hiring and termination 
procedures. 

BMGT 794 The Environment of International 

Business (3) 
The international business environment as it affects 
company policy and procedures. In-depth analysis 
and comprehensive case studies of the business func- 
tions undertaken in international operations. 

BMGT 795 Management of the Multinational 
Firm (3) 

The problems and policies of international business 
enterprise at the management level. Management of a 
multinational enterprise as well as management with- 
in foreign units. The multinational firm as a socio- 
econometric institution. Cases in comparative man- 
agement. 



284 BMGT - Business and Management 



BMGT 798 Special Topics in Business and 
Management (3) 

Prerequisite: permission of department. Repeatable 
to 6 credits if content differs. Selected advanced top- 
ics in the various fields of graduate study in business 
and management. 

BMGT 799 Master's Thesis Research (1-6) 

BMGT 808 Doctoral Seminar (3) 

Prerequisite: admission to the D.BA. Program or 
permission of department. Repeatable if content dif- 
fers. Selected advanced topics in the various fields of 
doctoral study in business and management. 

BMGT 811 Seminar in financial Accounting (3) 

Prerequisite: BMGT 710 or equivalent. Seminar in 
selected classic and current theoretical and empirical 
research in financial accounting. 

BMGT 814 Current Problems of Professional 
Practice (3) 

Generally accepted auditing standards, auditing prac- 
tices, legal and ethical responsibilities, and the ac- 
counting and reporting requirements of the securities 
and exchange commission. 

BMGT 815 Analytic Modeling in Accounting (3) 

Prerequisites: BMGT 630 and ECON 603; or equiv- 
alent. Seminar in formal analytical modeling in ac- 
counting research. 

BMGT 821 Seminar in Management Accounting (3) 

Prerequisite: BMGT 711 or equivalent. Design and 
use of accounting information systems for managerial 
planning and controllership. 

BMGT 823 Data Base Design (3) 

Prerequisite: BMGT 721 . The problem of database 
design in the development of information systems. 
An integrated database design methodology. Tech- 
niques for different phases of database design. Com- 
puter-aided tools for data base design. 

BMGT 824 Database Systems Architecture (3) 

Prerequisite: BMGT 721 . The important design is- 
sues in the software architecture of a database man- 
agement system. Group projects for the purpose of 
designing and implementing subsystems of a simple 
relational database system. Database types and appli- 
cations. 

BMGT 825 Knowledge-Based Systems (3) 

Prerequisite: BMGT 721 . For BMGT majors only. 
Use of artificial intelligence techniques in developing 
knowledge-based systems in Management Informa- 
tion Systems and Decision Support Systems. Knowl- 
edge representation formalisms, inference and 
control mechanisms for data intensive applications. 



object-oriented systems, expert database systems, in- 
telligent user interfaces for DSS, and special prob- 
lems (eg. plausible reasoning, non-monotonic 
reasoning, heterogeneous knowledge bases and ex- 
planation support). 

BMGT 828 Independent Study in Business and 
Management (1-9) 

BMGT 830 Operations Research: Linear 
Programming (3) 

Prerequisites: MATH 240 or equivalent; or permis- 
sion of department. Concepts and applications of lin- 
ear programming models, theoretical development of 
the simplex algorithm, and primal-dual problems and 
theory. 

BMGT 831 Operations Research: Extension of 
Linear Programming and Network Analysis (3) 

Prerequisite: BMGT 830 or equivalent; or permis- 
sion of department. Concepts and applications of net- 
work and graph theory in linear and combinatorial 
models with emphasis on computational algorithms. 

BMGT 832 Operations Research: Optimization and 
Nonlinear Programming (3) 

Prerequisites: {BMGT 830; and MATH 241; or 
equivalent}; or permission of department. Theory 
and applications of algorithmic approaches to solving 
unconstrained and constrained non-linear optimiza- 
tion problems. The Kuhn Tucker conditions, 
Lagrangian and Duality Theory, types of convexity, 
and convergence criteria. Feasible direction proce- 
dures, penalty and barrier techniques, and cutting 
plane procedures. 

BMGT 833 Operations Research: Integer 
Programming (3) 

Prerequisites: {BMGT 830; and MATH 241 or equiv- 
alent}; or permission of department. Theory, applica- 
tions, and computational methods of integer 
optimization. Zero-one implicit enumeration, branch 
and bound methods, and cutting plane methods. 

BMGT 834 Operations Research: Probabilistic 
Models (3) 

Prerequisites: {MATH 241; and STAT 400 OEj or 
permission of department. Theoretical foundations 
for the construction, optimization, and applications of 
probabilistic models. Queuing theory, inventory the- 
ory, Markov processes, renewal theory, and stochas- 
tic linear programming. 

BMGT 835 Simulation of Discrete-Event Systems (3) 

Prerequisites: Knowledge of Fortran. Basic, C, or 
Pascal; and BMGT 630 or equivalent. Simulation 
modeling and analysis of stochastic discrete-event 
systems such as manufacturing systems, inventory 



BMGT - Business and Management 285 



control systems, and computer/ communications net- 
works. 

BMGT K40 Seminar in Financial Theorj (3) 
Prerequisite, permission of department. Seminar in 
selected classic and currenl theoretical and empirical 
research in the foundations of finance. 

BMGT S41 Seminar in Corporate Finance (3) 
Prerequisite: permission of department. Seminar in 
selected classic ami currenl theoretical and empirical 
research in corporate finance. 

BMG I 843 Seminar in Portfolio Theory (3) 

Prerequisite: permission <>/ department. Seminar in 
selected classic and current theoretical and empirical 
research in portfolio theory. 

BMGT S45 Seminar in Financial Institutions and 
Markets (3) 

Prerequisite: permission of department. Seminar in 
selected classic and current theoretical and empirical 
research in financial institutions and markets. 

BMGT 850 Marketing Channels Analysis (3) 

Prerequisites: permission of department. MBA can- 
didates only. Focuses on the fundamental alternative 
channels of distribution, the roles played by various 
intermediaries, evolution of business structures in 
marketing, reasons for change, and projected market- 
ing scenarios. 

BMGT 851 Quantitative Methods in Marketing: 
Demand and Cost Analysis (3) 

Quantitative methods in the analysis and prediction 
of market demand and marketing costs. Demand re- 
lated topics include estimating market potential, sales 
forecasting methods, buyer analysis, promotional and 
pricing impacts, and related issues. Cost analysis fo- 
cuses on allocation of costs by marketing functions, 
products, territories, customers and marketing per- 
sonnel. Statistical techniques, models and other quan- 
titative methods are utilized to solve various 
marketing problems. M.B.A. candidates may register 
with permission of department. 

BMGT 852 Theory in Marketing (3) 

An inquiry into the problems and elements of theory 
development in general with specific reference to the 
field of marketing. A critical analysis and evaluation 
of past and contemporary efforts to formulate theo- 
ries of marketing and to integrate theories from the 
social sciences into a marketing framework. Atten- 
tion is given to the development of concepts in all ar- 
eas of marketing thought and to their potential 
application in the business firm. 



BMG1 Xoo Seminar in Human Resource Planning 

and Selection (3) 
Prerequisite BMG1 760 or permission Oj depart 
ment. Seminar in selected theoretical and empirical 
literature in human resource planning, forecasting, 
and staffing. 

BMGT X61 Seminar in Performance Appraisal and 

Training (3) 
Prerequisite: BMGT 660 or permission oj depart- 
ment Seminar in selected theoretical and empirical 
literature in performance appraisal and training. 

BMGT 862 Seminar in Compensation 

Administration (3) 
Prerequisite: BMGT 660 or permission of depart- 
ment. Seminar in selected theoretical and empirical 
literature in the compensation of human resources. 

BMGT 863 Work Morale and Motivation (3) 

Prerequisite: BMGT 660 or equivalent. Seminar on 
major theories of work motivation and job satisfac- 
tion. 

BMGT 864 Seminar in Leadership (3) 

Prerequisite: BMGT 660 or equivalent. Review of 
theories and research on leadership, especially exec- 
utive leadership. 

BMGT 865 Seminar in Comparative Theories of 
Organization (3) 

Prerequisite: BMGT 764 or equivalent: or permis- 
sion of department. Emphasis on the interdisciplinary 
literature on classical management, systems, and con- 
tingency theories of organization. 

BMGT 866 Seminar in Group Processes, 
Organizational Conflict and Change (3) 

Prerequisite: BMGT 660 or equivalent. Review of 
theories and research in organizational development, 
group processes, group conflict and resolutions. 

BMGT 872 Business Logistics (3) 

Concentrates on the design and application of meth- 
ods for the solution of advanced physical movement 
problems of business firms. Provides thorough cover- 
age of a variety of analytical techniques relevant to 
the solution of these problems. Where appropriate, 
experience will be provided in the utilization of com- 
puters to assist in managerial logistical decision-mak- 
ing. 

BMGT 873 Transportation Science (3) 

Focuses on the application of quantitative and quali- 
tative techniques of analysis to managerial problems 
drawn from firms in each of the various modes of 
transport. Included is the application of simulation to 
areas such as the control of equipment selection and 
terminal and line operations. The application of ad- 



286 BOTN - Botany 



vanced analytical techniques to problems involving 
resource use efficiency within the transportation in- 
dustry and between transportation and other sectors 
of the economy is an integral part of the course. 

BMGT 880 Business Research Methodology (3) 

Covers the nature, scope, and application of research 
methodology. The identification and formulation of 
research designs applicable to business and related 
fields. Required of D.B.A. students. 

BMGT 882 Applied Multivariate Analysis I (3) 

Prerequisite: BMGT 733 or equivalent. Topics in- 
clude elementary properties of matrices, multivariate 
distributions, the multivariate linear model, path anal- 
ysis. The examination of business data using existing 
computer programs is an integral part of the course. 

BMGT 883 Applied Multivariate Analysis II (3) 

Prerequisite: BMGT 882. Topics include discrimi- 
nant analysis, cluster analysis, principal component 
analysis, canonical analysis, factor analysis and other 
current multivariate statistical methods. 

BMGT 884 Univariate Forecasting Models (3) 

Prerequisite: BMGT 630 or equivalent. Traditional 
approaches to forecasting such as trend models and 
smoothing techniques. Models for stationary and 
nonstationary time series, their identification, estima- 
tion, forecasts and use in a business environment. All 
students are required to do a project utilizing these 
models in the analysis of business data. 

BMGT 885 Multiple Time Series Model Building (3) 

Prerequisite: BMGT 884. Recommended: BMGT 
882. Identification, estimation, and forecasting of dy- 
namic systems, the application of intervention tech- 
niques to business problems, and the properties and 
fitting of multiple time series models to business data. 
All students are required to do a project using these 
techniques in analyzing business data. 

BMGT 886 Statistical Quality Control (3) 

Prerequisite: BMGT 733 or equivalent. Lot accep- 
tance sampling plans, rectifying inspection, control 
charts, reliability, dependence fitting, parameter esti- 
mation, false and incomplete inspection models, and 
model verification based on actual data. 

BMGT 887 Bayesian Inference and Decision 
Theory (3) 

Prerequisite: BMGT 733 or equivalent. Bayesian 
Methodologies in statistical inference and decision 
theory. Includes discussion of subjective probability 
and coherence, elicitation of distributions conjugate 
distributions, estimation, testing, preposterior analy- 
sis and regression analysis. Applications are drawn 
from the functional business areas. 



BMGT 899 Doctoral Dissertation Research (1-8) 

BOTN - Botany 

BOTN 403 Medicinal and Poisonous Plants (2) 

Prerequisite: BIOL 105 and CHEM 104. A study of 
plants important to humans that have medicinal or 
poisonous properties. Emphasis on plant source, 
plant description, the active agent and its beneficial or 
detrimental physiological action and effects. 

BOTN 405 Advanced Plant Taxonomy (3) 

Two lectures and one laboratory per week. Prerequi- 
site: BOTN 202; and BOTN 212, or equivalent. A re- 
view of the history and principles of plant taxonomy 
with emphasis on monographic and floristic research. 
A detailed laboratory review of the families of flow- 
ering plants. 

BOTN 407 Teaching Methods in Botany (2) 

Four two-hour laboratory demonstration periods per 
week, for eight weeks. Prerequisite: BIOL 105 or per- 
mission of department. A study of the biological prin- 
ciples of common plants, and demonstrations, 
projects, and visual aids suitable for teaching in pri- 
mary and secondary schools. 

BOTN 411 Evolutionary Biology of Plants (3) 

Prerequisite: BOTN 202 or equivalent. Evolution of 
basic plant biological systems, major structural adap- 
tations of plant organs, and origins of vascular plant 
groups. The pace, patterns and mechanisms of evolu- 
tion, discussed within a genetic, systematic and pale- 
ontological framework. 

BOTN 414 Plant Genetics (3) 

Prerequisite: BIOL 105. Credit will be granted for 
only one of the following: ZOOL 213, ANSC 201, 
BOTN 414, HORT 274. The basic principles of plant 
genetics are presented; the mechanics of transmission 
of the hereditary factors in relation to the life cycle of 
seed plants, the genetics of specialized organs and tis- 
sues, spontaneous and induced mutations of basic and 
economic significance gene action, genetic maps, the 
fundamentals of polyploidy, and genetics in relation 
to methods of plant breeding. 

BOTN 416 Plant Structure (4) 

Two-hours of lecture and four hours of laboratory per 
week. Prerequisite: BIOL 105. A survey of the basic 
structural features of vascular plants, including sub- 
cellular organelles, cells, tissues, and organs. Empha- 
sis on structural phenomena as they relate to 
physiological processes of agricultural importance. 

BOTN 420 Cell Biology (4) 

Three hours of lecture and four hours of laboratory 
per week. Prerequisites: CHEM 233 and ZOOL 211. 
Also offered as ZOOL 411. Credit will be granted for 
only one of the following: BOTN 420 or ZOOL 411. 



BOTN - Botany 287 



Molecular and biochemical bases ol cellulai organi 
zation and function in eukaryotes. 

BOTN 424 Pathogenic Bacteria and Fungi <>f 
Plants (4) 

Three hours of lecture and two hours oj laboratory 
per week Prerequisite. BOTH 321 or permission oj 
department. A survej of the diagnostic properties and 
biologj of plain pathogenic bacteria and fungi. 

BOTN 426 Mycology (4) 

Two hours o/ lecture ami six horns of laboratory per 
week. Prerequisite: BIOL 105. An introductory 
course in the biology, morphology and taxonomy of 
the fungi. 

BOTN 441 Plant Physiology (4) 
Two hours of lecture and four hours of laboratory per 
week. Prerequisites: BIOL 105 and CHEM 103. A 
survey of the general physiological activities of 

plants. 

BOTN 456 Principles of Microscopy (2) 

Prerequisite: BOTN 420 orZOOL4l I or equivalent. 
An introduction to optical principles that underlie 
light and electron microscopic image formation. 
Brightfield, darkfield, phase contrast, differential in- 
terference contrast, fluorescence and polarized light 
microscopy. Comparison of light and electron mi- 
croscopy. The application of these techniques to 
problems in biological research. 

BOTN 462 Plant Ecology (2) 

Prerequisite: BIOL 105. The dynamics of popula- 
tions as affected by environmental factors with spe- 
cial emphasis on the structure and composition of 
natural plant communities, both terrestial and aquatic. 
(Marsh and Dune Vegetation), course in 

BOTN 463 Ecology of Marsh and Dune 
Vegetation (2) 

Prerequisite: BIOL 105. An examination of the biol- 
ogy of higher plants in dune and marsh ecosystems. 

BOTN 464 Plant Ecology Laboratory (2) 

Three hours of laboratory per week. Pre- or corequi- 
site: BOTN 462 or equivalent. Two or three field trips 
per semester. The application of field and experimen- 
tal methods to the qualitative and quantitative study 
of vegatation and ecosystems. 

BOTN 483 Plant Biotechnology (2) 

Prerequisite: {BOTN 414 or ZOOL 213 or MICB 3S0 
or ANSC 201 or HORT 274} and BOTN 441. Theo- 
retical and applied consideration of current technolo- 
gy for crop improvement, including manipulation of 
whole plants, tissues, and genes. 



noi \ 4X4 Plant Biocheaiistrj (3) 

Prerequisite BOTN 441; and CHI M233 Biochem 

icaJ processes characteristic of plants, including pho- 
tosysnthesis, nitrogen Fixation and biosynthesis <>l 
plant macromolecules. 

BOTN 620 Methods in Plant Tissue ( ullure (2) 

One lecture and one two-hour laboratory period </ 
week. Prerequisite, permission oj both department 
and instructor. A methodology and techniques course 
designed to give the student background and experi- 
ence in plant tissue culture. 

BOTN 631 Epidemiology and Management of Plant 
Disease (3) 

Prerequisite: BOTN 321 or equivalent. Formerly 
BOTN 42 J. Population phenomena of plant patho- 
gens and their application to disease management. 

BOTN 632 Plant Virology (2) 

Prerequisite: permission of both department and in- 
structor. Second semester. Biological, biochemical, 
and biophysical aspects of viruses and viral diseases 
of plants. 

BOTN 636 Plant Nematology (4) 

Two lectures and two laboratory periods a week. Pre- 
requisite: BOTN 221 or permission of both depart- 
ment and instructor. The study of plant-parasitic 
nematodes, their morphology, anatomy, taxonomy, 
genetics, physiology, ecology, host-parasite relations 
and control. Emphasis on recent advances. 

BOTN 640 Molecular Mechanisms of Plant 

Pathogenesis (2) 
Prerequisite: BCHM 461 . Evaluation of current evi- 
dence on the role in plant disease development of var- 
ious molecules produced by hosts and parasites. 
Examination of the molecular basis of microbial 
pathogenicity and plant disease resistance. 

BOTN 645 Growth and Development (2) 

Prerequisite: BOTN 441 . Physiology of plant hor- 
mones, control of morphogenesis and regulation of 
biosynthesis, photomorphogenesis and photoperio- 
dism. 

BOTN 646 Plant Morphogenesis (2) 

Prerequisite: BOTN 416 or equivalent. Biophysical 
aspects of plant development with particular focus on 
such structural phenomena as molecular self-assem- 
bly, polarity, cell division, cell expansion, meristem 
organization, phyllotaxis, and organ formation. 

BOTN 650 Nutrition and Transport in Plants (2) 

Prerequisite: BOTN 441 . The uptake, pardoning and 
utilization of the materials of the plant body. Trans- 
port of ions across cell membranes, fixation and me- 
tabolism of carbon and nitrogen, and long distance 



288 CCJS — Criminology and Criminal Justice 



transport of inorganic chemicals and photosynthates 
in vascular plants. Special emphasis on control and 
regulatory mechanisms that are unique to plant sys- 
tems. 

BOTN 662 Physiological Plant Ecology (2) 

Prerequisite: BOTN 462 or equivalent. Environmen- 
tal effects on plant ecophysiology. Microclimatology, 
leaf energy balance, plant responses to temperature 
and radiation, physiological adaptions, water rela- 
tions, plant gas exchange and resistance. 

BOTN 684 Plant Membrane Physiology (2) 

Prerequisite: BOTN 441 ; and BOTN 484 or equiva- 
lent. Biochemical and biophysical approaches to 
plant membrane structure and function. 

BOTN 685 Advanced Plant Physiology 
Laboratory (2) 

One lecture and one four-hour laboratory period a 
week. Prerequisite: BOTN 441 . Biochemical and bio- 
physical approaches to the study of the physiological 
processes of plants. 

BOTN 686 Molecular Genetics of Plants (2) 

Prerequisite: (BOTN 414: and BOTN 441: and 
BOTN 484} or equivalent. Current status of research 
on the structure, expression, and in vitro manipula- 
tion of plant nuclear genes and on the molecular ge- 
netics of plant organelles. 

BOTN 689 Special Topics in Botany (1-3) 
Maximum credit toward an advanced degree for the 
individual student with permission of department. 
Credit according to time scheduled and organization 
of course. This course is organized as lectures, dis- 
cussions or literature surveys on specialized ad- 
vanced topics under the direction of visiting lecturers 
or resident faculty. 

BOTN 698 Seminar in Botany (1) 

Prerequisite: permission of department . Discussion 
of special topics and current literature in all phases of 
botany. 

BOTN 699 Special Problems in Botany (1-3) 
Credit according to time scheduled and organization 
of course. Maximum credit towards an advanced de- 
gree for the individual student at the discretion of the 
student's advisor. This course emphasizes research 
on a specialized advanced topic and may consist pri- 
marily of experimental procedures under the direc- 
tion of visiting lecturers or resident faculty. 

BOTN 721 Clinical and Field Plant Pathology (1-2) 
Diagnosis of plant diseases under clinical conditions, 
observation of symptoms and disease patterns in the 
field, collecting specimens, and writing control rec- 



ommendations. Student electing one credit hour may 
emphasize either field or clinical aspects. 

BOTN 799 Master's Thesis Research (1-6) 

BOTN 899 Doctoral Dissertation Research (1-8) 

CCJS — Criminology and 
Criminal Justice 

CCJS 400 Criminal Courts (3) 

Prerequisite: CCJS 100 or permission of department. 
Formerly CJUS 400. Criminal courts in the United 
States at all levels; judges, prosecutors, defenders, 
clerks, court administrators, and the nature of their 
jobs; problems facing courts and prosecutors today 
and problems of administration; reforms. 

CCJS 432 Law of Corrections (3) 

Prerequisites: CCJS 230 or CCJS 234; and CCJS 
105. Formerly CRIM 432. A review of the law of 
criminal corrections from sentencing to final release 
or release on parole. Probation, punishments, special 
treatments for special offenders, parole and pardon, 
and the prisoner's civil rights are also examined. 

CCJS 444 Advanced Law Enforcement 
Administration (3) 

Prerequisite: CCJS 340 or permission of department. 
Formerly CJUS 444. The structuring of manpower, 
material, and systems to accomplish the major goals 
of social control. Personnel and systems manage- 
ment. Political controls and limitations on authority 
and jurisdiction. 

CCJS 451 Crime and Delinquency Prevention (3) 

Prerequisite: CCJS 105 or CCJS 350 or permission 
of department. Formerly CRIM 451. Methods and 
programs in prevention of crime and delinquency. 

CCJS 452 Treatment of Criminals and 
Delinquents (3) 

Prerequisite: CCJS 105 or CCJS 350 or permission 
of department. Formerly CRIM 452. Processes and 
methods used to modify criminal and delinquent be- 
havior. 

CCJS 453 White Collar and Organized Crime (3) 

Prerequisite: CCJS 105 or CCJS 350. Formerly 
CRIM 456. Definition, detection, prosecution, sen- 
tencing and impact of white collar and organized 
crime. Special consideration given to the role of fed- 
eral law and enforcement practices. 

CCJS 454 Contemporary Criminological Theory (3) 

Prerequisites: CCJS 105: and CCJS 350. Formerly 
CRIM 454. Brief historical overview of criminologi- 
cal theory up to the 50's. Deviance. Labeling. Typol- 
ogies. Most recent research in criminalistic 



CCJS — Criminology and Criminal Justice 289 



subcultures and middle class delinquency. Receni 
proposals for "decriminalization". 

CCJS 455 Dynamics of Planned Change in Criminal 

Justice I (3) 
Prerequisite: permission of department. Formerly 
( \ii s 455. An examination of conceptual and practi- 
cal issues related to planned change in criminal jus- 
tice. Emphasis on the development of innovative 
ideas using a research and development approach to 
change, and drug abuse, and criminal behavior. 

CCJS 456 Dynamics of Planned Change in Criminal 

Justice 11(3) 
Prerequisite: C( 75 455 or permission of department. 
Formerly C.IUS 456. An examination of conceptual 
and practical issues related to planned change in 
criminal justice. Emphasis on change strategies and 
tactics which are appropriate for criminal justice per- 
sonnel in entry level positions. 

CCJS 457 Comparative Criminology and Criminal 
Justice (3) 

Prerequisite: CCJS 105 or CCJS 350. Formerly 
CRIM 457. Comparison of law and criminal justice 
systems in different countries. Special emphasis on 
the methods of comparative legal analysis, interna- 
tional cooperation in criminal justice, and crime and 
development. 

CCJS 461 Psychology of Criminal Behavior (3) 

Prerequisite: CCJS 105 or equivalent: and PSYC 330 
or PSYC 353. Formerly CRIM 455. Biological, envi- 
ronmental, and personality factors which influence 
criminal behaviors. Biophysiology and crime, stress 
and crime, maladjustment patterns, psychoses, per- 
sonality disorders, aggression and violent crime, sex- 
motivated crime and sexual deviations, alcohol and 
drug abuse, and criminal behavior. 

CCJS 462 Special Problems in Security 
Administration (3) 

Prerequisite: CCJS 357. Formerly CJUS 462. An ad- 
vanced course for students desiring to focus on spe- 
cific concerns in the study of private security 
organizations; business intelligence and espionage; 
vulnerability and criticality analyses in physical secu- 
rity; transportation, banking, hospital and military se- 
curity problems; uniformed security forces; national 
defense information; and others. 

CCJS 498 Selected Topics in Criminology and 
Criminal Justice (3) 

Prerequisite: permission of department. Repea table 
to 6 credits if content differs. Formerly CRIM 498. 
Topics of special interest to advanced undergraduates 
in criminology and criminal justice. Offered in re- 
sponse to student request and faculty interest. 



CCJS 600 Criminal Justice (3) 

Prerequisites: admission to the graduate program in 
criminal justice or permission oj department For 
merly C.ll \ 600. Current concept ol criminal justice 
in relationship n> other concepts m the field. Histori 
cal perspective. Criminal justice and social control. 
Operational implications. Systemic aspects. Issues ol 
evaluation. 

CCJS 610 Research Methods in Criminal Justice and 

Criminology (3) 
Prerequisite: completion of research methods aiul 
statistics requirements for the MA. Degree. Former- 
ly CRIM 610. Examination of special research prob- 
lems and techniques. 

CCJS 630 Seminar in Criminal Law and Society (3) 

Prerequisite: CCJS 230 or equivalent: and a course 
in introductory criminology. Formerly CJUS 630. 
The criminal law is studied in the context of general 
studies in the area of the sociology of law. The evolu- 
tion and social and psychological factors affecting the 
formulation and administration of criminal laws are 
discussed. Also examined is the impact of criminal 
laws and their sanctions on behavior in the light of re- 
cent empirical evidence. 

CCJS 635 Minorities and Criminal Justice (3) 

Prerequisite: CCJS 600 or equivalent. Role minori- 
ties play in the criminal justice system: as victims, of- 
fenders and professionals. Also provides theoretical 
framework for examining these roles. 

CCJS 640 Seminar in Criminal Justice 
Administration (3) 

Prerequisites: one course in the theory of groups or 
organizations: and one course in administration: or 
permission of department. Formerly CJUS 640. Ex- 
amination of external and internal factors that cur- 
rently impact on police administration. Intra- 
organizational relationships and policy formulation; 
the conversion of inputs into decisions and policies. 
Strategies for formulating, implementing and assess- 
ing administrative decisions. 

CCJS 650 Advanced Criminology (3) 

Prerequisite: permission of department. Formerly 
CJUS 650. Analysis of the political and organization- 
al process of policy development and implementation 
in criminal justice. Collection, analysis and interpre- 
tation of research data on current and ongoing efforts 
to form and implement policy. 

CCJS 651 Seminar in Criminology (3) 

Formerly CRIM 651 . Analysis of significant recent 
issues in Criminology. 



290 CHEM - Chemistry 



CCJS 652 Seminar in Juvenile Delinquency (3) 
Formerly CRIM 652. Analysis of delinquency and its 
control. 

CCJS 653 Seminar in Corrections (3) 

Prerequisite: CCJS 651 or equivalent. Formerly 
CRIM 653. Development, operation and future of 
correctional systems. 

CCJS 654 History of Criminological Thought (3) 

Prerequisite: CCJS 454 or equivalent. Formerly 
CRIM 654. A study of the development of crimino- 
logical thought from antiquity to the present. 

CCJS 699 Special Criminological Problems (1-3) 
Prerequisite: permission of department. Repeatable 
to 6 credits. Formerly CJUS 699. Supervised study of 
a selected problem in the field of criminal justice. 

CCJS 710 Advanced Research Methods in 
Criminology (3) 

Prerequisite: approved doctoral level statistics 
course. Formerly CRIM 710. Application of ad- 
vanced research methods and data analysis strategies 
to criminological and criminal justice problems. 

CCJS 720 Criminal Justice System Planning (3) 

Prerequisites: one course in criminal justice and one 
course in research methodology. Formerly CJUS 
720. System theory and method; examination of plan- 
ning methods and models based primarily on a sys- 
tems approach to the operations of the criminal 
justice system. 

CCJS 799 Master's Thesis Research (1-6) 
Formerly CRIM 799. 

CCJS 899 Doctoral Dissertation Research (1-8) 
Formerly CRIM 899. Doctoral dissertation research 
in criminal justice and criminology. 

CHEM - Chemistry 

CHEM 401 Inorganic Chemistry (3) 

Prerequisite: CHEM 481. 

CHEM 403 Radiochemistry (3) 

Prerequisite: one year of college chemistry and one 
year of college physics. Radioactive decay; introduc- 
tion to properties of atomic nuclei; nuclear processes 
in cosmology; chemical, biomedical and environ- 
mental applications of radioactivity; nuclear process- 
es as chemical tools; interaction of radiation with 
matter. (CHEM), courses in 

CHEM 421 Advanced Quantitative Analysis (3) 

Pre- or corequisites: CHEM 482 and CHEM 483. An 
examination of some advanced topics in quantitative 
analysis including nonaqueous titrations, precipita- 



tion phenomena, complex equilibria, and the analyti- 
cal chemistry of the less familiar elements. 

CHEM 425 Instrumental Methods of Analysis (3) 

One hour of lecture, six hours of laboratory, and one 
hour of discussion/recitation per week. Prerequisite: 
CHEM 482; and CHEM 483. Modern instrumenta- 
tion in analytical chemistry. Electronics, spectrosco- 
py, chromatography and electrochemistry. 

CHEM 441 Advanced Organic Chemistry (3) 

Prerequisite: CHEM 481 . An advanced study of the 
compounds of carbon, with special emphasis on mo- 
lecular orbital theory and organic reaction mecha- 
nisms. 

CHEM 450 Ethics in Science (3) 

Ethical issues in the conduct of scientific research 
(e.g., record keeping, data analysis), in the communi- 
ty of scientists (e.g., proper attribution, conflicts of 
interest), and in the relationship of science to society 
(e.g., Big Science versus Little Science, impact of the 
Human Genome project, human subjects, animal 
rights). 

CHEM 474 Environmental Chemistry (3) 

Prerequisite: CHEM 481 or equivalent. The sources 
of various elements and chemical reactions between 
them in the atmosphere and hydrosphere are treated. 
Causes and biological effects of air and water pollu- 
tion by certain elements are discussed. 

CHEM 481 Physical Chemistry I (3) 

Prerequisite: CHEM 113 or CHEM 153; and MATH 
141 ; and PHYS 142. A course primarily for chemists 
and chemical engineers. 

CHEM 482 Physical Chemistry II (3) 

Prerequisite: CHEM 481. A course primarily for 
chemists and chemical engineers. 

CHEM 483 Physical Chemistry Laboratory I (2) 

One hour lecture-recitation and one three-hour labo- 
ratory period per week Corequisite: CHEM 481. 
An introduction to the principles and application of 
quantitative techniques in physical chemical mea- 
surements. Experiments will be coordinated with top- 
ics in CHEM 481. . 

CHEM 484 Physical Chemistry Laboratory II (2) 

One hour lecture-recitation and one three-hour labo- 
ratory period per week. Prerequisite: CHEM 481 
and CHEM 483. Corequisite: CHEM 482. A contin- 
uation of CHEM 483. Advanced quantitative tech- 
niques necessary in physical chemical measurements. 
Experiments will be coordinated with topics in 
CHEM 482. 



CHEM - Chemistry 291 



( ill \i 4S5 Advanced Physical Chemistrj (2) 
Prerequisite CHEM 482 Quantum chemistry and 
other selected topics. 

C'HKM 4S7 Computer Applications in the Biological 

and Chemical Sciences i4) 
Three hours of lecture, three hours <>l laboratory, and 
one hour of discussion recitation per week. Prerequi- 
site, c '///•.'. V/ 1 1 J iiihl CHI \f 287 or equivalent; and 
knowledge oj a scientific programming language 
(PASCAL, FORTRAN or "C"). The utilization ol 
computers to solve chemical and biological prob- 
lems, with emphasis on the utilization of available 
software rather than "de novo" programming. 

CHEM 491 Advanced Organic Chemistry 

Laboratory (3) 
One hour of lecture and eight hours of laboratory per 

week. Prerequisite: CHEM 243. Formerly CHEM 
433 and CHEM 443. Credit will he granted for only- 
one of the following: CHEM 433 and CHEM 443 or 
CHEM 49 1 . Advanced synthetic techniques in organ- 
ic chemistry with an emphasis on spectroscopy for 
structure determination. 

CHEM 492 Advanced Inorganic Chemistry 
Laboratory (3) 

One hour of lecture and eight hours of laboratory per 
week. Corequisitc: CHEM 401 . Synthetic and struc- 
tural inorganic chemistry. Emphasis on spectroscopy 
methods for structure determination. Students com- 
plete an individual special project. (Designed to satis- 
fy the university requirement for a capstone course in 
chemistry.) 

CHEM 498 Special Topics in Chemistry (3) 

Three lectures or two lectures and one three-hour 
laboratory per week. Prerequisite varies with the na- 
ture of the topic being considered. Course may be re- 
peated for credit if the subject matter is substantially 
different, but not more than three credits may be ac- 
cepted in satisfaction of major supporting area re- 
quirements for chemistry majors. 

CHEM 503 Physical Science for Elementary/Middle 
School Teachers III (4) 

Three hours of lecture, three hours of laboratory , and 
one hour of discussion! recitation per week. A second- 
level survey of major chemistry concepts, with em- 
phasis on the properties and behavior of common 
substances. Types of chemical reactions, the relation- 
ship between molecular structure and reactivity, peri- 
odicity, oxidation-reduction, acids and bases, 
equilibrium, and practical applications of chemistry. 
The laboratory portion of the course supports skills/ 
understandings needed to 

prepare teachers for this aspect of physical science 
education. 



< HEM 504 Fundamentals of Organic Chemistry and 

Biochemistrj (4i 
Three lectures and three hours oj laboratory per 
week. Prerequisite < III Vt 503 or equivalent A one- 
semester survey of organic chemistrj and biochemis 
try. The chemistry of carbon: aliphatic compounds, 
aromatic compounds, stereochemistry, halides, 
amines, amides, acids, esters, carbohydrates, and nai 
ural products. The laboratory experiments deal with 
synthetic and analytical organic activities. 

CHEM 513 Principles of Chemistry II (4) 
Three lectures and three hours of laboratory per 
week Prerequisite: CHEM 503 or equivalent. A con- 
tinuation of the advanced survey of topics started in 
CHEM 503. Kinetics, thermodynamics, ionic equi- 
libria, oxidation-reduction, electrochemistry, and the 
chemistry of common metals and nonmetals. Quanti- 
tative problem solving. Laboratory experiments, 
mostly quantitative in nature, support the topics de- 
veloped in the lectures. 

CHEM 521 Quantitative Analysis (4) 

Two lectures and two three-hour laboratories per 
week. Prerequisite: CHEM 115 or equivalent. Volu- 
metric, gravimetric, electrometric and colorimetric 
methods in analytical inorganic chemistry. 

CHEM 601 Advanced Inorganic Chemistry 1(3) 
Prerequisite: CHEM 401 or equivalent. A survey of 
the fundamentals of modem inorganic chemistry as a 
basis for more advanced work. 

CHEM 602 Advanced Inorganic Chemistry II (3) 

Prerequisite: CHEM 601 . A continuation of CHEM 
601 with more emphasis on current work in inorganic 
chemistry. 

CHEM 605 Chemistry of Coordination 
Compounds (3) 

Prerequisite: CHEM 601 . Structure and properties of 
coordination compounds and the theoretical bases on 
which these are interpreted. 

CHEM 606 Chemistry of Organometallic 
Compounds (3) 

Prerequisite: CHEM 601. An in-depth treatment of 
the properties of compounds having metal-carbon 
bonds. 

CHEM 608 Selected Topics in Inorganic 

Chemistry (1-3) 
Prerequisite: CHEM 601 and CHEM 602, or equiva- 
lent. Repeatable to 6 credits if content differs. Topics 
of special interest and current importance. 



292 CHEM- Chemistry 



CHEM 623 Optical Methods of Quantitative 
Analysis (3) 

Prerequisites: CHEM 421 and CHEM 482 or equiv- 
alent. The quantitative applications of various meth- 
ods of optical spectroscopy. 

CHEM 624 Electrical Methods of Quantitative 
Analysis (3) 

Prerequisites: CHEM 421 and CHEM 482 or equiv- 
alent. The use of conductivity, potentiometry. po- 
larography. voltammetry. amperometry. coulometry. 
and chronopotentiometry in quantitative analysis. 

(HEM 625 Separation Methods in Quantitative 
Analysis (3) 

Prerequisites: CHEM 421 and CHEM 482 or equiv- 
alent. The theory and application for quantitative 
analysis of various forms of chromatography, ion ex- 
change, solvent extraction, distillation, and mass 
spectroscopy. 

CHEM 637 Atmospheric Chemistry (3) 
Prerequisite: METO 620 or CHEM 481 or permis- 
sion of department. Also offered as METO 637. Ap- 
plication of the techniques of thermodynamics, 
kinetics, and photochemistry to atmospheric gases in 
an effort to understand the global cycles of C, H, O, 
N and S Species; the use of laboratory and field mea- 
surements in models of the atmosphere. 

CHEM 640 Problems in Organic Reaction 

Mechanisms (1) 
A tutorial type course dealing with the basic descrip- 
tion of the fundamentals of writing organic reaction 
mechanisms. 

CHEM 641 Organic Reaction Mechanisms (3) 

CHEM 643 Organic Chemistry of High Polymers (2) 

An advanced course covering the synthesis of mono- 
mers, mechanisms of polymerization, and the corre- 
lation between structure and properties in high 
polymers. 

CHEM 647 Organic Synthesis (3) 

The use of new reagents in organic reactions: multi- 
step syntheses leading to natural products of biologi- 
cal interest; stereospecific and regiospecific reactions 
and their use in total synthesis. 

CHEM 648 Special Topics in Organic 

Chemistry (1-3) 
Repeatable to 9 credits if content differs. Topics of 
special interest and current importance. 

CHEM 650 Problems in Organic Synthesis 1 1 1 
A tutorial type course dealing with mechanistic prob- 
lems from the current literature of organic sysnthesis. 



CHEM 660 Spectral Methods (2) 

The use of infrared, ultraviolet-visible, proton and 

carbon- 13 nuclear magnetic resonance and mass 

spectroscopy for structure determination in organic 

chemistry. 

CHEM 678 Special Topics in Environmental 
Chemistr\ (3) 

Prerequisite: CHEM 474. Repeatable to 6 credits if 
content differs. In-depth treatment of environmental 
chemistry problem areas of current research interest. 
The topics will vary somewhat from year to year. 

CHEM 682 Reaction Kinetics (3) 

CHEM 684 Chemical Thermodynamics (3) 

Prerequisite: CHEM 482 or equivalent. 

CHEM 687 Statistical Mechanics and Chemistn (3) 
Prerequisite: CHEM 684 or equivalent. 

CHEM 688 Selected Topics in Physical Chemistry (2) 

Repeatable to 6 credits if content differs. 

CHEM 689 Special Topics in Physical Chemistn (3) 

Repeatable to 9 credits if content differs. 

CHEM 690 Quantum Chemistry 1(3) 
Prerequisite: CHEM 485. 

CHEM 691 Quantum Chemistry II (3) 

Prerequisite: CHEM 690 or PHYS 622. 

CHEM 699 Special Problems in Chemistry (1-6) 

Prerequisite: one semester of graduate study in 
chemistry. Restricted to students in the non-thesis 
M.S. option. Repeatable to 6 credits. Laboratory ex- 
perience in a research environment. 

CHEM 705 Nuclear Chemistry (3) 

Nuclear structure models, radioactive decay process- 
es, nuclear reactions in complex nuclei, fission, nu- 
cleosynthesis and nuclear particle accelerators. 

CHEM 723 Marine Geochemistry (3) 

Prerequisite: CHEM 481 or equivalent. The 
geochemical evolution of the ocean: composition of 
sea water, density-chlorinity-salinity relationship and 
carbon dioxide system. The geochemistry of sedi- 
mentation with emphasis on the chemical stability 
and inorganic and biological production of carbonate, 
silicate and phosphate containing minerals. 

CHEM 729 Special Topics in Geochemistry (1-3) 
Repeatable to 6 credits if content differs. A discus- 
sion of current research problems. 

CHEM 750 Chemical Evolution (3) 

Prerequisite: CHEM 441 and/or BCHM 462. or 
CHEM 721. or ZOOL 446. or BOTN 616. The chem- 



CHIN -Chinese 



293 



ical processes leading to the appearances of life on CHIN 422 Advanced Chinese Grammar (3) 

earth. Theoretical and experimental considerations < Ihinese sentence patterns studied contrasted with En 

related to the geochemical, organic, and biochemical glish and in terms ol curreni pedagogical as v. ell as 

phenomena oi chemical evolution. linguistic theories. 



CHEM 7W Master's Thesis Research ( 1-6) 

CHEM 898 Seminar (1) 

CHEM XW Doctoral Dissertation Research (1-8) 

CHIN - Chinese 

CHUN 401 Readings in Modern Chinese I (3) 

Prerequisite: CHIN 302 or equivalent. Non-majors 
admitted only after a placement interview. Readings 
in history, politics, economics, sociology, and litera- 
ture. Emphasis on wide-ranging, rapid reading, rein- 
forced by conversations and compositions. 

CHIN 402 Readings in Modern Chinese II (3) 

Prerequisite: CHIN 401 or equivalent. Non-majors 
admitted only after a placement interview. Continua- 
tion of CHIN401. 

CHIN 403 Classical Chinese I (3) 

Prerequisite: CHIN 302. Introductory classical Chi- 
nese using literary and historical sources in the origi- 
nal language. 

CHIN 404 Classical Chinese II (3) 

Prerequisite: CHIN 302. Further classical studies by 
various writers from famous ancient philosophers to 
prominent scholars before the new culture move- 
ment. 

CHIN 405 Advanced Conversation and 

Composition (3) 
Prerequisite: CHIN 302 or permission of instructor. 
Non-majors admitted only after a placement inter- 
view. Practice in writing essays, letters, and reports 
on selected topics. Conversation directed toward ev- 
eryday situations and topics related to life in China. 
Conducted in Chinese. 

CHIN 415 Readings in Current Newspapers and 
Periodicals (3) 

Prerequisite: CHIN 402 or equivalent. Non-majors 
admitted only after a placement interview. Reading of 
periodical literature on selected topics with discus- 
sions and essays in Chinese. 

CHIN 421 Sounds and Transcriptions of Mandarin 
Chinese (3) 

Production and recognition of Mandarin speech 
sounds and tones, their phonological patterns, com- 
parison with English, and representation by the vari- 
ous Romanization systems. 



( MIN 431 Translation and Interpretation I (3) 
Prerequisite: CHIh 302 m equivalent and permis- 
sion of department. Theory and practice of Chinese/ 
English translation and interpretation with emphasis 
on translation. 

CHIN 432 Translation and Interpretation II (3) 

Prerequisite: CHIN 402 or equivalent and permis- 
sion of department. Workshop on Chinese/English 
translation and interpretation, with emphasis on sem- 
inar (consecutive) interpretation and introduction to 
conference (simultaneous) interpretation. 

CHIN 441 Traditional Chinese Fiction (3) 

Prerequisite: permission of department. Major works 
of fiction from the 4th century tales of the marvelous 
through the 19th century Ching novel. Taught in Chi- 
nese. 

CHIN 442 Modern Chinese Fiction (3) 

Prerequisite: permission of department. Examina- 
tion, through selected texts, of the writer's role as 
shaper and reflector of the Republican and Commu- 
nist revolutions. Taught in Chinese. 

CHIN 499 Directed Study in Chinese (1-3) 

Prerequisite: permission of instructor. Repeatable to 
6 credits if content differs. Readings in Chinese under 
faculty supervision. 

CHPH - Chemical Physics 

CHPH 611 Fundamentals of Atomic and Molecular 
Spectroscopy (3) 

Prerequisite: PHYS 622 or equivalent. Atomic and 
molecular physics. Energy levels of multi-electron at- 
oms and diatomic molecules; transition between en- 
ergy levels. 

CHPH 612 Molecular Structure and Kinetics (3) 

Prerequisite: permission of instructor. Molecular 
structure, atomic and molecular collisions and chem- 
ical kinetics including experimental techniques. 

CHPH 618 Special Projects in Chemical Physics (1-3) 
Prerequisite: permission of instructor. Repeatable to 
6 credits. Independent reading and study covering 
chemical physics subject areas not available in other 
courses. 

CHPH 709 Seminar in Chemical Physics ( 1 ) 

Current research and developments in chemical phys- 



294 CLAS - Classics 



CHPH 718 Special Topics in Chemical Physics (1-3) 

Repeatable if content differs with permission of de- 
partment. 

A discussion of current research problems in chemi- 
cal physics. 

CHPH 799 Masters Thesis Research (1-6) 

CHPH 899 Doctoral Dissertation Research (1-8) 

CLAS - Classics 

CLAS 411 Greek Drama (3) 

Also offered as CMLT4IJ . Credit will be granted for 
only one of the following: CLAS 411 or CMLT 411. 
The chief works of Aeschylus, Sophocles, Euripides, 
and Aristophanes in English translations. 

CLAS 420 The Classical Tradition (3) 

Examination of the role of classical tradition in west- 
ern thought, with particular regard to literature. 

CLAS 470 Advanced Greek and Roman 
Mythology (3) 

Prerequisite: CLAS 170 or permission of department. 
Selected themes and characters of Greek and Roman 
myth. History of the study of myth and research 
methods in mythology. 

CLAS 488 Independent Study in Classical 

Civilization (3) 
Prerequisite: permission of department. Repeatable 
to 6 credits if content differs. 

CLAS 494 Senior Seminar in Classics (3) 

Limited to graduating classics majors. To be taken in 
the last year and preferably the last semester of the 
undergraduate program. Topics will vary each semes- 
ter; most will be interdisciplinary or will cross histor- 
ical periods. The course will provide a seminar 
experience in material or methodologies not other- 
wise available to the major. 

CLAS 495 Senior Thesis in Classics (3) 

Prerequisite : permission of department. Prior depart- 
mental approval of research topic is required. Avail- 
able to all students who wish to pursue a specific 
research topic. 

CLAS 499 Independent Study in Classical Languages 

and Literatures (1-3) 
Prerequisite: permission of department. 

CLAS 601 Intro to Graduate Study in Classics (3) 

Introduction to the central problems and methods of 
investigation in the main fields of Classical studies. 



CLAS 620 Classical Kpic (3) 

The nature of ancient epic, its development through a 
close reading of Homer's Iliad and Odyssey, the Ar- 
gonautica of Apollonius of Rhodes, and Vergil's Ae- 
neid. Selections from other examples of epic as a 
basis for further comparison of the techniques of 
composition, the poet's objectives, and the influence 
of historical context and literary precedent upon the 
poems. Comparison with Near Eastern epics such as 
the Gilgamesh poem, or with post-Classical texts. 
Epic conventions. 

CLAS 621 The Classical Tradition (3) 

The role the classics have played in western thought, 
with particular attention to literature. 

CLAS 640 Women in Antiquity (3) 

Study of role of women in Greek and Roman society. 

CLAS 670 Classical Myth and Literature (3) 

The nature and function of myth in Greek culture. 
Consideration of a variety of theoretical approaches 
to myth, beginning with those developed by the 
Greeks, allegory and euhemerism, and including Jun- 
gian and Freudian psychology, structuralism, and the 
myth-ritual school. 

CLAS 688 Special Topics in Classical Civilization (3) 

Repeatable to 9 credits if content differs. 

CLAS 699 Independent Study in Classical 

Civilization (1-3) 
Prerequisite: permission of instructor. Repeatable to 
6 credits if content differs. 

CLAS 799 Master's Thesis Research ( 1-6) 

CMLT - Comparative Literature 

CMLT 415 The Hebrew Bible (3) 

A study of sources, development and literary types. 

CMLT 416 New Testament As Literature (3) 

A knowledge of Greek is helpful, but not essential. A 
study of the books of the New Testament, with atten- 
tion to the relevant historical background and to the 
transmission of the text. 

CMLT 430 Literature of the Middle Ages (3) 

Narrative, dramatic and lyric literature of the middle 
ages studied in translation. 

CMLT 461 Romanticism: Early Stages (3) 

Emphasis on England, France and Germany. 

CMLT 462 Romanticism: Flowering and 
Influence (3) 

Emphasis on England. France and Germany. 



CMSC - Computer Science 295 



CM1 I 4(V' I tu- Continental Novel (3) 
The novel mi translation from Stendhal through the 
existentialists, selected from literatures of Prance, 
Germany, Italy, Russia, and Spam 

(Mi l 470 Ibsen and the Continental Drama (3) 
Emphasis on the major work of Ibsen, with some at- 
tention given to selected predecessors, contemporar- 
ies ami successors. 

CMLT 47') Major Contemporary Authors (3) 

CMLT 488 Genres (3) 

Repeatable to 6 credits if content differs. A study of a 
recognized literary form, such as tragedy, epic, satire, 
literary criticism, comedy, tragicomedy, etc. 

CMLT 489 Major Writers (3) 
Each semester two major writers from different cul- 
tures and languages will be studied. Authors will be 
chosen on the basis of significant relationships of cul- 
tural and aesthetic contexts, analogies between their 
respective works, and the importance of each writer 
to his literary tradition. 

CMLT 498 Selected Topics in Comparative 
Studies (3) 

CMLT 600 Introduction to Critical Theory (3) 

Prerequisite: Permission of department. Introduction 
to the history of critical theory, its place in contempo- 
rary textual and cultural studies, and several theoreti- 
cal schools of current significance. 

CMLT 601 Problems in Comparative Studies (3) 

Prerequisite: permission of department. 

CMLT 610 Folklore in Literature (3) 

CMLT 639 Studies in the Renaissance (3) 

Repeatable to 9 credits. 

CMLT 642 Problems of the Baroque in Literature (3) 

CMLT 649 Studies in Eighteenth Century 
Literature (3) 

Repeatable to 9 credits. Studies in eighteenth century 
literature: as announced. 

CMLT 658 Studies in Romanticism (3) 

Repeatable to 9 credits. Studies in romanticism: as 

announced. 

CMLT 679 Topics in Comparative Studies (3) 

Repeatable to 9 credits. Seminar in modern and con- 
temporary literature: as announced. 

CMLT 681 Literary Criticism: Ancient and 
Medieval (3) 



< MLT 682 Literal*} Criticism: Renaissance and 

Modern (3) 

( Mil 699 Independent Study (1-6) 

Prerequisite permission <>l instructor. Repeatable to 

9 credits ij content differs. Research and writim: on 
Specific readings on a topic selected by the student 
which is approved and supervised by a faculty mem- 
ber. 

CMLT 799 Master's Thesis Research (1-6) 

CMLT 801 Seminar in Themes and Types (3) 

Prerequisite: permission of department. 

CMLT 899 Doctoral Dissertation Research (1-8) 

CMSC - Computer Science 

CMSC 400 Introduction to Computer Systems and 

Software (3) 
Prerequisite: MATH 141 and experience with a high- 
level programming language and (graduate standing 
or permission of department). Assembly language 
and instruction execution for Von Neumann Archi- 
tectures. Records, arrays, pointers, parameters, and 
recursive procedures. I/O structures and interrupt 
handling. Finite state automata. Course is intended 
primarily for graduate students in other disciplines. 
CMSC 400 may not not be counted for credit in the 
graduate or undergraduate program in computer sci- 
ence. 

CMSC 411 Computer Systems Architecture (3) 

Prerequisites: a grade ofC or better in either CMSC 
311 or CMSC 400; and permission of department. In- 
put/output processors and techniques. Intra-system 
communication, buses, caches. Addressing and mem- 
ory hierarchies. Microprogramming, parallelism, and 
pipelining. 

CMSC 412 Operating Systems (4) 

Three hours of lecture and two hours of laboratory 
per week. Prerequisites: (a grade of C or better in 
CMSC 311 and CMSC 330) or a grade ofC or better 
in CMSC 400; and permission of department. An in- 
troduction to batch systems, spooling systems, and 
third-generation multiprogramming systems. De- 
scription of the parts of an operating system in terms 
of function, structure, and implementation. Basic re- 
source allocation policies. 

CMSC 415 Systems Programming (3) 

Prerequisites: CMSC 412 with a grade ofC or better; 
and permission of department. Basic algorithms of 
operating system software. Memory management us- 
ing linkage editors and loaders, dynamic relocation 
with base registers, paging. File systems and input/ 
output control. Processor allocation for multipro- 



296 CMSC - Computer Science 



gramming, timesharing. Emphasis on practical sys- 
tems programming, including projects such as a 
simple linkage editor, a stand-alone executive, a file 
system, etc. 

CMSC 420 Data Structures (3) 

Prerequisites: a grade ofC or better in CMSC 330 or 
CMSC 400; and permission of department. Descrip- 
tion, properties, and storage allocation of data struc- 
tures including lists and trees. Algorithms for 
manipulating structures. Applications from areas 
such as data processing, information retrieval, sym- 
bol manipulation, and operating systems. 

CMSC 421 Introduction to Artificial Intelligence (3) 

Prerequisites: a grade of C or better in CMSC 251 
and CMSC 330; and permission of department. Rec- 
ommended: CMSC 420. Areas and issues in artificial 
intelligence, including search, inference, knowledge 
representation, learning, vision, natural languages, 
expert systems, robotics. Implementation and appli- 
cation of programming languages (e.g. LISP, PRO- 
LOG, SMALLTALK), programming techniques 
(e.g. pattern matching, discrimination networks) and 
control structures (e.g. agendas, data dependencies). 

CMSC 424 Database Design (3) 

Prerequisite: CMSC 420 with a grade ofC or better; 
and permission of department. Recommended: 
CMSC 450. Motivation for the database approach as 
a mechanism for modeling the real world. Review of 
the three popular data models: relational, network, 
and hierarchical. Comparison of permissible struc- 
tures, integrity constraints, storage strategies, and 
query facilities. Theory of database design logic. 

CMSC 426 Image Processing (3) 

Prerequisite: CMSC 420. An introduction to basic 
techniques of analysis and manipulation of pictorial 
data by computer. Image input/output devices, image 
processing software, enhancement, segmentation, 
property measurement, Fourier analysis. Computer 
encoding, processing, and analysis of curves. 

CMSC 430 Theory of Language Translation (3) 

Prerequisites: a grade ofC or better in CMSC 330 or 
CMSC 400; and permission of department. Formal 
translation of programming languages, program syn- 
tax and semantics. Finite state recognizers and regu- 
lar grammers. Context- free parsing techniques such 
as recursive descent, precedence, LL(k) and LR(k). 
Code generation, improvement, syntax-directed 
translation schema. 

CMSC 434 Human Factors in Computer and 
Information Systems (3) 

Prerequisites: CMSC 330 with a grade ofC or better 
and PSYC 100 and STAT 400 and permission of de- 



partment. Human factors issues in the development 
of software, the use of database systems, and the de- 
sign of interactive computer systems. Experimenta- 
tion on programming language control and data 
structures, programming style issues, documentation, 
program development strategies, debugging, and 
readability. Interactive system design issues such as 
response time, display rates, graphics, on-line assis- 
tance, command language, menu selection, or speech 
input/output. 

CMSC 435 Software Design and Development (3) 

Prerequisites: a grade of C or better in CMSC 420 
and CMSC 430; and permission of department. State- 
of-the-art techniques in software design and develop- 
ment. Laboratory experience in applying the tech- 
niques covered. Structured design, structured 
programming, top-down design and development, 
segmentation and modularization techniques, itera- 
tive enhancement, design and code inspection tech- 
niques, correctness, and chief-progTammer teams. 
The development of a large software project. 

CMSC 450 Logic for Computer Science (3) 

Prerequisites: (CMSC 251 and MATH 141) with 
grade of C or better and permission of department. 
Also offered as MATH 450. Credit will be granted for 
only one of the following: MATH 445 or CMSC 4501 
MATH 450. Elementary development of proposition- 
al and first-order logic accessible to the advanced un- 
dergraduate computer science student, including the 
resolution method in propositional logic and Her- 
brand's Unsatisfiability Theorem in first-order logic. 
Included are the concepts of truth, interpretation, va- 
lidity, provability, soundness, completeness, incom- 
pleteness, decidability and semi-decidability. 

CMSC 451 Design and Analysis of Computer 
Algorithms (3) 

Prerequisites: a grade of C or better in CMSC 113 
and CMSC 251 ; and permission of department. Fun- 
damental techniques for designing and analyzing 
computer algorithms. Greedy methods, divide-and- 
conquer techniques, search and traversal techniques, 
dynamic programming, backtracking methods, 
branch-and-bound methods, and algebraic transfor- 
mations. 

CMSC 452 Elementary Theory of Computation (3) 

Prerequisites: a grade of C or better in CMSC 113 
and CMSC 25 1 ; and permission of department. Alter- 
native theoretical models of computation, types of au- 
tomata, and their relations to formal grammars and 
languages. 

CMSC 456 Data Encryption and Security (3) 

Prerequisites: CMSC 420 with a grade ofC or better; 
and permission of department. Recommended: 



CMSC - Computer Science 297 



< \/s< 451 Methods ol protecting compute] data 
from unauthorized use and users by data encryption 
and b\ access and information controls. Classical 
cryptographic systems. Introduction to several mod- 
ern systems such as data encryption standard and 
public-key cryptosystems. 

( MSC 460 Computational Methods (3) 
Prerequisites </ •„''<'</<■ oj C ' or better in MATH 240 
and MATH 241 . and (CMSC 110 or CMSC 113}; 
and permission of department. Also offered as MAPL 
460. ( 'redit wilt be granted for only one of the follow- 
ing: CMSC MAPL 460 or CMSCIMAPL 466. Basic 
computational methods tor interpolation, least 
squares, approximation, numerical quadrature, nu- 
merical solution of polynomial and transcendental 
equations, systems of linear equations and initial val- 
ue problems for ordinary differential equations. Em- 
phasis on methods and their computational properties 
rather than their analytic aspects. Intended primarily 
for students in the physical and engineering sciences. 

CMSC 466 Introduction to Numerical 
Analysis I (3) 

Prerequisites: {a grade of C or better in MATH 240 
and MATH 241}: and (CMSC 110 or CMSC 113}: 
and permission of department. Also offered as MAPL 
466. Credit will he granted for only one of the follow- 
ing: CMSC 7 MAPL 460 or CMSC 7 MAPL 466. Float- 
ing point computations, direct methods for linear 
systems, interpolation, solution of nonlinear equa- 
tions. 

CMSC 467 Introduction to Numerical 
Analysis II (3) 

Prerequisite: MAPLICMSC 466 with a grade ofC or 
better: and permission of department. Also offered as 
MAPL 467. Credit will be granted for only one of the 
following: CMSC 467 or MAPL 467. Advanced inter- 
polation, linear least squares, eigenvalue problems, 
ordinary differential equations, fast Fourier trans- 
forms. Combinatorics and Graph Theory, courses in 

CMSC 475 Combinatorics and Graph Theory (3) 
Prerequisites: MATH 240 and MATH 241. Also of- 
fered as MATH 475. General enumeration methods, 
difference equations, generating functions. Elements 
of graph theory, matrix representations of graphs, ap- 
plications of graph theory to transport networks, 
matching theory and graphical algorithms. 

CMSC 477 Optimization (3) 

Prerequisites: (CMSCIMAPL 460, or CMSCIMAPL 
466. or CMSCIMAPL 467) with a grade ofC or bet- 
ter: and permission of department. Also offered as 
MAPL 477. Credit will be granted for only one of the 
following: CMSC 477 or MAPL 477. Linear program- 
ming including the simplex algorithm and dual linear 



programs; convex sets and elements ol convex pro- 
gramming; combinatorial optimization, integer pro- 
gramming, 

< MS( 4'JX Special Problems in Computer 

Science (1-3) 
Prerequisite: permission oj department An individu- 
alized course designed to allow a student or students 
to pursue a specialized topic or project under the su- 
pervision ol the senior staff. Credit according to work 
done. 

CMSC 612 Computer Systems Theor\ (3) 

Prerequisites: CMSC 411: and CMSC 412: and 
STAT 400. Basic theoretical results in computer sys- 
tems, including synthetic models of system structure, 
analytical (probabilistic) models y)( system structure, 
analysis of computer system mechanisms, analysis of 
operating system mechanisms, and analysis of re- 
source allocation policies. 

CMSC 620 Problem Solving Methods in Artificial 
Intelligence (3) 

Prerequisites: CMSC 420: and CMSC 450. Underly- 
ing theoretical concepts in solving problems by heu- 
ristically guided trial and error search methods. State- 
space problem reduction, and first-order predicate 
calculus representations for solving problems. Search 
algorithms and their optimality proofs. 

CMSC 624 Database Management Systems (3) 

Prerequisite: CMSC 424 or permission of instructor. 
Theoretical and implementation issues of database 
systems. Topics include: data semantics and models, 
deduction and expert database systems, implementa- 
tion techniques of database management systems, ad- 
vanced access methods and query optimization, 
distributed databases, and database machine architec- 
ture. 

CMSC 630 Theory of Programming Languages (3) 

Prerequisite: CMSC 430. Contemporary topics in the 
theory of programming languages. Formal specifica- 
tion and program correctness. Axiomatic proof sys- 
tems (both Floyd-Hoare and Dijkstra's predicate 
transformers). Mills' functional correctness ap- 
proach, abstract data types (both abstract model and 
algebraic specifications), and Scott-style denotational 
semantics based on least fixed points. 

CMSC 650 Theory of Computing (3> 

Prerequisite: CMSC 452. Formal treatment of theo- 
retical models of computation, computable and un- 
confutable functions, unsolvable decision problems, 
and computational complex in . 

CMSC 651 Analysis of Algorithms (3) 

Prerequisite: CMSC 451 . Efficiency of algorithms, 
orders of magnitude, recurrence relations, lower- 



298 CMSC - Computer Science 



bound techniques, time and space resources, NP- 
complete problems, polynomial hierarchies, and ap- 
proximation algorithms. Sorting, searching, set ma- 
nipulation, graph theory, matrix multiplication, fast 
Fourier transform, pattern matching, and integer and 
polynomial arithmetic. 

CMSC 666 Numerical Analysis I (3) 

Prerequisites: CMSCIMAPL 466; and MATH 410. 
Also offered as MAPL 666. Iterative methods for lin- 
ear systems, piecewise interpolation, eigenvalue 
problems, numerical integration. 

CMSC 667 Numerical Analysis II (3) 

Prerequisite: CMSCIMAPL 666. Also offered as 
MAPL 667. Nonlinear systems of equations, ordinary 
differential equations, boundary value problems. 

CMSC 710 Performance Evaluation of Computer 
Systems (3) 

Prerequisite: CMSC 412, MATH 141, and STAT 400 
or equivalent. Performance evaluation methodolo- 
gies. Methods for evaluating computer/communica- 
tion systems. Analytical modeling using queueing 
theoretic approach. Simulation for performance eval- 
uation. Applying theoretical methods by modeling 
computer system components. Case studies using an- 
alytical and simulation techniques. 

CMSC 711 Computer Networks (3) 

Prerequisite: CMSC 412 or equivalent. Priciples, de- 
sign, and performance evaluation of computer net- 
works. Network architectures including the ISO 
model and local area networks (LANs). Communica- 
tion protocols and network topology. 

CMSC 712 Distributed Algorithms and 
Verification (3) 

Prerequisite: CMSC 612 or equivalent. Study of al- 
gorithms from the distributed and concurrent systems 
literature. Formal approach to specifying, verifying, 
and deriving such algorithms. Areas selected from 
mutual exclusion, resource allocation, quiescence de- 
tection, election, Byzantine agreements, routing, net- 
work protocols, and fault-tolerence. Formal 
approaches will handle system specification and ver- 
ification of safety, liveness, and real-time properties. 

CMSC 720 Logic for Problem Solving (3) 

Prerequisite: CMSC 620. Logic programming and its 
use in problem solving, natural language recognition 
and parsing, and robotics. The PROLOG language. 
Meta-level and parallel logic programming. Expert 
systems. Term project in logic programming. 

CMSC 723 Natural Language Processing (3) 

This course is designed to both provide a review of 
the past work in the field of natural language process- 
ing and to examine the key issues involved in getting 



a computer to handle neutral language input. The top- 
ics to be covered include syntax, semantics, pragmat- 
ics, and the lexicon. The course will deal solely with 
textual input — speech recognition will not be includ- 
ed. 

CMSC 727 Connectionist Models of Intelligent 
Systems (3) 

Prerequisites: MATH 240 and MATH 241; and per- 
mission of instructor. Fundamental methods of con- 
nectionist modelling (neural modelling). Surveys 
historical development and recent research results 
from both the computational and dynamical systems 
perspective. Logical neurons, perceptrons, linear 
adaptive networks, adaptive resonance, energy mini- 
mizing models, competitive activation methods, error 
back-propagation, and tensor models. Applications in 
artificial intelligence, cognitive science, and neuro- 
science. 

CMSC 730 Artificial Intelligence (3) 

Prerequisites: CMSC 620; and STAT 401 . Heuristic 
programming; tree search procedures. Programs for 
game playing, theorem finding and proving, and 
problem solving. Conversation with computers; 
question-answering programs. Trainable pattern clas- 
sifiers:linear, piecewise linear, quadratic, and multi- 
layer machines. Statistical decision theory, decision 
functions, likelihood ratios; mathematical taxonomy, 
cluster detection. Neural models, computational 
properties of neural nets, processing of sensory infor- 
mation, representative conceptual models of the 
brain. 

CMSC 733 Computer Processing of Pictorial 
Information (3) 

Prerequisite: CMSC 420. Input, output, and storage 
of pictorial information. Pictures as information 
sources, efficient encoding, sampling, quantization, 
approximation. Position-invariant operations on pic- 
tures, digital and optical implementations, the pax 
language, applications to matched and spatial fre- 
quency filtering. Picture quality, image enhancement 
and image restoration. Picture properties and pictorial 
pattern recognition. Processing of complex pictures; 
figure extraction, properties of figures. Data struc- 
tures for pictures description and manipulation; pic- 
ture languages. Graphics systems for alphanumeric 
and other symbols, line drawings of two- and three- 
dimensional objects, cartoons and movies. 

CMSC 735 A Quantitative Approach to Software 
Management and Engineering (3) 

Prerequisites: CMSC 435; and STAT 400 or permis- 
sion of instructor. Introduction to the fundamental 
ideas for measuring and evaluating the software de- 
velopment process and product. Types of models and 
metrics currently in use. Paradigms for using practi- 



CONS - Sustainable Devel. & Conservation Biology 299 



cal measurement for managing and engineering the 
software development and maintenance process; 
evaluating software methods and tools; and improv- 
ing productivity, quality and the effective use of 
methodology. 

CMSC 750 Advanced Theory of Computation (3) 
Prerequisite: CMSC 650. Continuation of CMSC 
650. Relevant results and techniques from recursive 
function theory such as priority arguments. Current 
research topics in the foundation of computing, such 
as inductive inference and polynomial terseness. 

CMSC 751 Parallel Algorithms (3) 
Prerequisite: CMSC 45/ or equivalent. A presenta- 
tion of the theory of parallel computers and parallel 
processing. Models of parallel processing and the re- 
lationships between these models. Techniques for the 
design and analysis of efficient parallel algorithms in- 
cluding parallel prefix, searching, sorting, graph 
problems, and algebraic problems. Theoretical limits 
of parallelism, inherently sequential problems, and 
the theory of P-completeness. 

CMSC 753 Mathematical Linguistics (3) 

Prerequisites: CMSC 650 and STAT 400. Introducto- 
ry course on applications of mathematics to linguis- 
tics. Elementary ideas in phonology, grammar and 
semantics. Automata, formal grammars and languag- 
es. Chomsky's theory of transformational grammars, 
Yngve's depth hypothesis and syntactic complexity. 
Markov-chain models of word and sentence genera- 
tion, Shannon's information theory Carnap and Bar- 
Hillel's semantic theory, lexicostatistics and stylosta- 
tistics, Zipf's law of frequency and Mandelbrot's 
rank hypothesis. Mathematical models as theoretical 
foundation for computational linguistics. 

CMSC 760 Advanced Linear Numerical Analysis (3) 

Prerequisite: CMSCIMAPL 666 or permission of in- 
structor. Also offered as MAPL 600. Formerly 
CMSC 770. Advanced topics in numerical linear al- 
gebra, such as dense eigenvalue problems, sparse 
elimination, iterative methods, and other topics. 

CMSC 762 Numerical Solution of Nonlinear 

Equations (3) 
Prerequisites: CMSCIMAPL 666; and CMSCIMAPL 
667 or permission of instructor. Also offered as 
MAPL 604. Formerly CMSC 772. Numerical solution 
of nonlinear equations in one and several variables. 
Existence questions. Minimization methods. Selected 
applications. 

CMSC 798 Graduate Seminar in Computer 
Science (1-3) 

CMSC 799 Master's Thesis Research (1-6) 



< \IS( XIX Advanced Topics in < oinputer 

Systems (1-3) 
Prerequisite: permission "I instructor. Repeatable 

for credit. Advanced topics selected by the faculty 
from the literature of computer systems to suit the in- 
terest and background of students. 

CMSC 828 Advanced Topics in Information 

Processing (1-3) 
Prerequisite permission oj instructor. Repeatable 
for credit. Advanced topics selected by the faculty 
from the literature of information processing to suit 
the interest and background of students. 

CMSC 838 Advanced Topics in Programming 

Languages (1-3) 
Prerequisite: permission of instructor. Repeatable 
for credit. Advanced topics selected by faculty from 
the literature of programming languages to suit the in- 
terest and background of students. 

CMSC 858 Advanced Topics in Theory of 

Computing (1-3) 
Prerequisite: permission of instructor. Repeatable 
for credit. Advanced topics selected by the faculty 
from the literature of theory of computing to suit the 
interest and background of students. 

CMSC 878 Advanced Topics in Numerical 

Methods (1-3) 
Prerequisite: permission of instructor. Repeatable 
for credit. Advanced topics selected by the faculty 
from the literature of numerical methods to suit the 
interest and background of students. 

CMSC 899 Doctoral Dissertation Research (1-8) 

CONS - Sustainable Devel. & 
Conservation Biology 

CONS 608 Seminar in Sustainable Development and 

Conservation Biology (1-2) 
Repeatable to 6 credits if content differs. Special top- 
ics and current literature in conservation biology and 
sustainable development. 

CONS 670 Conservation Biology (3) 

Single species conservation theory and practice: pop- 
ulation viability assessment, conservation genetics 
and demography, metapopulations, reintroduction 
and conservation education. 

CONS 680 Problem Solving in Conservation/ 
Development (4) 

Prerequisite: Permission of department. Students 
will be exposed to current problems in conservation/ 
developmentthro ugh great lectures, field trips, inter- 
views and appropriate literature. Working in teams. 



300 DANC - Dance 



students will formulate recommendations based on a 
synthesis of biological, economic and policy consid- 
erations. 

CONS 799 Masters Thesis Research (1-4) 
Prerequisite: completion of three of the required core 

courses. For CONS majors only. Repeatable to 4 
credits if content differs. 

DANC - Dance 

DANC 410 Technical Theater Production for 

Dance ( 3 ) 
Two hours of lecture and two hours of laboratory per 
week. Prerequisite: DANC 210 or equivalent < or per- 
mission of department). A study of the theoretical 
principles of production and the practical application 
of those principles to the presentation of dance works. 

DANC 411 Dance Management and 
Administration (3) 

Principles of dance management and administration, 
including organization of touring, bookings, budgets, 
public relations, grantsmanship and audience devel- 
opment. 

DANC 428 Advanced Ballet Technique 1(1) 

Two hours of laboratory per week. Prerequisite: 
DAh C 329 or audition. Repeatable to 3 credits. Ad- 
vanced ballet technique with emphasis on physical 
and expressive skills. 

DANC 429 Advanced Ballet Technique II (1) 

Two hours of laboratory per week. Prerequisite: 
DANC 428. Repeatable to 3 credits. Intensive work in 
ballet technique for the professionally-oriented danc- 



DANC 448 Modern Dance V for Majors (3) 

Prerequisite: DANC 349 or audition. Repeatable to 
6 credits. Complex phrases of modern dance move- 
ment with emphasis on articulation and expression. 

DANC 449 Modern Dance VI for Majors (3) 
Prerequisite: D.\NC 448 or audition. Repeatable to 
6 credits. Continuation of DANC 448. 

DANC 466 Laban Movement Analysis (3) 

Introduction to Rudolf Laban's system of qualitative 
movement analysis in relation to understanding per- 
sonal movement style. Application to dance perfor- 
mance, teaching, composition and research. 

DANC 468 Modern Repertory (3) 

Prerequisite: DANC 349 or permission of depart- 
ment. Repeatable to 6 credits if content differs. Form, 
content, music, design and performance of modern 
dance works. 



1)\N( 471 Movement Behavior (3) 

The social psychology of movement; reciprocity of 
physical and emotional behavior. 

DANC 479 Advanced Practicum in Dance (1-3) 
Repeatable to 6 credits. Advanced level performing 
experience for the student dancer who has developed 
an advanced professional level of competence. 

DANC 482 History of Dance 1(3) 
Prerequisite: DANC 200. The development of dance 
from primitive times to the Middle Ages and the rela- 
tionship of dance forms to patterns of culture. 

DANC 483 History of Dance II (3) 

Prerequisite: DANC 200. The development of dance 
from the Renaissance period to the present time and 
the relationship of dance forms to patterns of culture. 

DANC 485 Seminar in Dance (3) 
Prerequisite: DANC 483. Senior standing. For 
DANC majors only. Formerly DANC 484. Individual 
research leading to a presentation w ith written docu- 
mentationof the process, serving as a culmination of 
undergraduate study for dance majors. 

DANC 489 Special Topics in Dance (1-3) 
Prerequisite: permission of department. Repeatable 
to 6 credits if content differs. Theoretical, choreo- 
graphic, pedagogic, or performance study. 

DANC 499 Practicum in Choreography, Production 

and Performance IV (1-6) 
Prerequisite: permission of permission of depart- 
ment. Repeatable to 6 credits. Advanced workshop 
in dance presentation, including performing, produc- 
tion and planned field experiences. 

DANC 600 Introduction to Graduate Studies in 

Dance (3) 
Prerequisite: permission of department. Supervised 
writing of reports and articles on selected dance sub- 
jects. Study of library resources and interviewing 
techniques. Preparation for written documentation of 
thesis project. 

DANC 608 Choreography for Groups (3) 

One lunir of lecture and four hours of laboratory per 
week. Prerequisite: DANC 388 or equivalent. Re- 
peatable to 6 credits. An advanced course in the de- 
velopment of choreographic ideas for groups 
emphasizing the exploration of different approaches 
to choreographic form. 

DANC 610 Workshop in the Direction of Dance 

Production (3) 
Two hours of lecture and two hours of laboratory per 
week. Prerequisite: DANC 410 or equivalent. A lec- 
ture/laboratory course dealing with the relationship of 



ECON - Economics 



301 



ilk- director to all oi the activities involved in the pre- 
sentation of a dance concert. 

l) \\< <>4S Advanced Modern Dance Technique I (2) 

Four hours oj laboratory per week Prerequisite. 
DANC 44V or equivalent. Repeatable t<> <•> credits. 
Professional level training in contemporary dance 

techniques. 

DANC 649 Advanced Modern Dance Technique 

11(2) 
l-Dur hours of laboratory per week. Prerequisite: 
DANC 648 or equivalent. Repeatable to 6 credits. A 
continuation of DANC 648. 

DANC 679 Graduate Dance Performance (1-3) 
One hour of lecture and four hours of laboratory per 

week. Prerequisite: permission of department. Re- 
peatable to 6 credits. An advanced performance 
course focusing on the restagings from noted scores 
of the choreographic works of significant artists in the 
field. 

DANC 698 Independent Study in Dance (1-3) 
Prerequisite: permission of department. Repeatable 
to 6 credits. Directed independent study in theoretical 
topics. 

DANC 708 Advanced Seminar in 

Choreography (1-3) 
One hour of lecture and four hours of laboratory per 
week. Prerequisite: DANC 608 or permission of de- 
partment. Repeatable to 6 credits. 

DANC 779 Master's Tutorial for Performance (1-3) 
Prerequisite: permission of department. Repeatable 
to 6 credits. Supervised performance experience for 
advanced dancers. 

DANC 782 Historical Perspectives in Dance (3) 

Prerequisite: DANC 483 or equivalent. An advanced 
survey of the development of thearetical dance in the 
Western world with a special emphasis on the rela- 
tionship between dance and other performing arts. 

DANC 783 Current Trends in Dance (3) 

Prerequisite: DANC 483 or equivalent. A survey of 
current trends in dance with an emphasis on develop- 
ments in the United States covering choreographic 
and performance practice, theory and criticism, edu- 
cation, economics, and the mass media. 

DANC 788 Master's Tutorial for Choreography (1-3) 
Prerequisite: permission of department. Repeatable 
to 6 credits. Supervised production and presentation 
of a significant choreographic project. 

DANC 799 Master's Thesis Project (1-6) 
Prerequisite: permission of department. 



ECON - Economics 

I ( ON 402 Macroeconomic Models and 
Forecasting (3) 

Prerequisite: ECON 305 or ECON 405, Analysis ol 
the fluctuations in economic activity and the formula- 
tion and use of forecasting models of the economy. Il- 
lustrations of computer macro models and forecasting 
problems. 

ECON 407 Advanced Macroeconomics (3) 

Prerequisite: ECON 305. An in-depth analysis of 
current issues in macroeconomic theory and policy. 
Topics covered include: I . alternative perspectives on 
macroeconomics including monetarism, new classi- 
cal equilibrium models, rational expectations, and 
real business cycle models; 2. long term growth, the 
slowdown in productivity growth, and concerns 
about U.S. competitiveness; 3. the effectiveness of 
macroeconomic policy in an open economy; 4. the ef- 
fects of finance on the real sector. 

ECON 410 Comparative Institutional Economics (3) 
Prerequisite: ECON 306. Determinants of institu- 
tional arrangements and the economic consequences 
of those arrangements for economic growth using 
transaction costs economics, the new institutional 
economics, and elementary game theory. Historical 
emergence of market institutions and nonpredatory 
governments in Europe and Japan, and the policy suc- 
cesses and failures of less-developed countries today. 

ECON 416 Theory of Economic Development (3) 

Prerequisite: ECON 305 or ECON 405. Credit will 
be granted for only one of the following: ECON 315 
or ECON 416. Economic theory of the developing 
nations; role of innovation, capital formation, re- 
sources, institutions, trade and exchange rates, and 
governmental policies. 

ECON 417 Advanced Microeconomics (3) 

Prerequisite: ECON 306 and MATH 220 or MATH 
140. Theory of the household and firm, noncoopera- 
tive game theory, economics of incomplete informa- 
tion and uncertainty, incentives, and adverse 
selection and market signalling. 

ECON 418 Economic Development of Selected 

Areas (3) 
Prerequisite: ECON 315 or ECON 416. Institutional 
characteristics of a specific area are discussed and al- 
ternate strategies and policies for development are 
analyzed. 

ECON 422 Quantitative Methods in 
Economics I (3) 

Prerequisite: ECON 201: and ECON 203: and 
{ECON 321 orBMGT230:} or permission of depart- 



302 ECON - Economics 



ment. Emphasizes the interaction between economic 
problems and the assumptions employed in statistical 
theory. Formulation, estimation, and testing of eco- 
nomic models, including single variable and multiple 
variable regression techniques, theory of identifica- 
tion, and issues relating to inference. Independent 
work relating the material in the course to an econom- 
ic problem chosen by the student is required. 

ECON 423 Quantitative Methods in 
Economics II (3) 

Prerequisite: ECON 422. Interaction between eco- 
nomic problems and specification and estimation of 
econometric models. Topics include issues of auto- 
correlation, heteroscedasticity. functional form, si- 
multaneous equation models, and qualitative choice 
models. 

ECON 424 Computer Methods in Economics (3) 
Prerequisites: ECON 201; and ECON 203; and 
i ECON 321 orBMGT230). Computer modelling of 
economic problems, including household and firm 
behavior, macroeconomic relationships, statistical 
models of economy, and simulation models. 

ECON 425 Mathematical Economics (3) 

Prerequisites: ECON 305 or ECON 405. and ECON 
306 or ECON 406, and MATH 220 or equivalent. 
Mathematical developments of theory of household 
and firm, general equilibrium and welfare economics, 
market imperfections, and role of information. 

ECON 430 Money and Banking (3) 

Prerequisites: ECON 201 and ECON 203. Credit 
will be granted for only one of the following: ECON 
430 or ECON 431. The structure of financial institu- 
tions and their role in the provision of money and near 
money. Analysis of the Federal Reserve System, the 
techniques of central banks, and the control of supply 
of financial assets in stabilization policy. Relation- 
ship of money and credit to economic activity and the 
price level. 

ECON 431 Theory of Money, Prices and Economic 
Activity (3) 

Prerequisite: ECON 305 or ECON 405. Credit will 
be granted for only one of the following: ECON 430 
or ECON 431 . Monetary theory and the role of mon- 
ey, financial institutions and interest rates in macro 
models. Analysis of money demand and suppl\ and 
of the Monetanst-Keynesian debate as they affect in- 
flation and stabilization policy. 

ECON 440 International Economics (3) 

Prerequisites: ECON 201 and ECON 203. Credit 
will be granted for only one of the following : ECON 
440 or ECON 441. A description of international 
trade and the analysis of international transactions. 



exchange rates, and balance of payments. Analysis of 
policies of protection, devaluation, and exchange rate 
stabilization and their consequences. 

ECON 441 Theory of International Economics (3) 
Prerequisite: ECON 305 or ECON 405; and ECON 
306 or ECON 406. Credit will be granted for only one 
of the following: ECON 440 or ECON 441. Theoreti- 
cal treatment of international trade and international 
finance. Includes Ricardian and Heckscher-Ohlin 
theories of comparative advantage, analysis of tariffs 
and other trade barriers, international factor mobility, 
balance of payments adjustments, exchange rate de- 
termination, and fiscal and monetary policy in an 
open economy. 

ECON 450 Introduction to Public Sector 

Economics (3) 
Prerequisite: (ECON 201 ; and ECON 203} or ECON 
205. Credit will be granted for only one of the follow- 
ing: ECON 450 or ECON 454. The role of federal, 
state, and local governments in meeting public wants. 
Analysis of theories of taxation, public expenditures, 
government budgeting, benefit-cost analysis and in- 
come redistribution, and their policy applications. 

ECON 451 Public Choice and Public Policy (3) 
Prerequisite: {ECON 201; and ECON 203}, or 
EC() V 205. Analysis of collective decision making, 
economic models of government, program budget- 
ing, and policy implementation: emphasis on models 
of public choice and institutions which affect deci- 
sion making. 

ECON 454 Theory of Public Finance and Fiscal 
Federalism (3) 

Prerequisite: ECON 306 or ECON 406. Credit will 
be granted for only one of the following: ECON 450 
or ECON 454. Study of welfare economics and the 
theory of public goods, taxation, public expenditures, 
benefit-cost analysis, and state and local finance. Ap- 
plications of theory to current policy issues. 

ECON 456 Law and Economics (3) 

Prerequisite: ECON 306. Relationship of the ex- 
change process to the system of institutions and rules 
that society develops to carry out economic transac- 
tions. Topics covered include: Property rights; torts, 
negligence, and liability: contracts and exchanges: 
criminal control and enforcement; equity issues in the 
rule and market environment. 

ECON 460 Industrial Organization (3) 

Prerequisite: ECON 306 or ECON 406. Changing 
structure of the American economy: price policies in 
different industrial classifications of monopoly and 
competition in relation to problems of public policy. 



ECON - Economics 



303 



\ < < >\ 4(>5 Health Care Economics (3) 

Prerequisite ECOh 203 oi I < Oh 205. Analysis of 
health care, the organization of its deliver) and fi- 
nancing. Access to care; the role of insurance; regula 
tion oi hospitals, physicians, and the drug industry; 
role of technology; and limits on health care spend- 
ing. 

I ( ( >\ 470 Theory of Labor Economics (3) 
Prerequisite. I ( 'ON 306. ( 'redit will be granted for 

only one oj the following: ECON 370 or ECON 470. 
An analytical treatment of theories of labor markets. 
Marginal productivity theory of labor demand; allo- 
cation of time in household labor supply models; the- 
ory of human capital; earnings differentials; market 
structure and the efficiency of labor markets; the role 
of trade unions; discrimination; and unemployment. 

ECON 471 Current Problems in Labor 
Economics (3) 

Prerequisite: ECON 470 or permission of depart- 
ment. Emphasis on current policy issues. Topics in- 
clude: the distribution of income; welfare reform and 
work incentives; employment and training programs; 
social insurance programs; unemployment policy: 
immigration, trade and labor market policy; interna- 
tional labor market comparisons; and the economics 
of human resource management. 

ECON 476 American Living Standards and 
Poverty (3) 

Prerequisite: ECON 305 and ECON 321 or permis- 
sion of department. Also offered as PUAF 730. Post- 
World War II trends in U.S. living standards and in- 
come inequality. Areas studied include: industrial 
base, productivity, growth demographics, interna- 
tional competitiveness and the structure (and holders) 
of debt as they affect the level of U. S. income and in- 
come inequality. 

ECON 482 Economics of the Soviet Union (3) 

Prerequisite: {ECON 201 and ECON 203} or ECON 
205. An analysis of the organization, operating prin- 
ciples and performance of the Soviet economy with 
attention to the historical and ideological back- 
ground, planning, resources, industry, agriculture, 
domestic and foreign trade, finance, labor, and the 
structure and growth of national income. 

ECON 486 The Economics of National Planning (3) 

Prerequisite: {ECON 201; and ECON 203}: or 
ECON 205. An analysis of the principles and practice 
of economic planning with special reference to the 
planning problems of West European countries and 
the United States. Economics, courses in 



I < ON490Survej of! rban Economic Problems and 

Policies (3) 

Prerequisites (ECON201 andEC ON203j oi K <>: 

205. An introduction to the study of urban economics 
through the examination of current policy issues. 
topics may include suburbanization ol |obs and resi- 
dences, housing and urban renewal, urban transporta- 
tion, development of new towns, ghetto economic 
development, problems in services such as education 
and police. 

ECON 600 Analytical Techniques for Economists <3i 
Prerequisite: permission of department. Vectors, ma- 
trices and determinants to model static equilibrium. 
Comparative statics using differential calculus. Prob- 
lems in microeconomics and macroeconomics in- 
volving unconstrained optimization. Problems in 
microeconomics and macroeconomics involving 
constrained optimization. Economic dynamics using 
differential and difference equations, and Kuhn- 
Tucker Theory. 

ECON 601 Macroeconomic Analysis I (3) 
Three hours of lecture and two hours of laboratory 
per week. Prerequisite: ECON 600 or permission of 
department. Introductory technical treatment of stan- 
dard Keynesian, classical and new classical macro- 
economic models. Expectations formation and 
microeconomic foundations of consumption, invest- 
ment, money demand, and labor market behavior. 

ECON 602 Macroeconomic Analysis II (3) 

Three hours of lecture and two hours of laboratory 
per week. Prerequisite: ECON 601 or permission of 
department. Rational expectations: the Lucas cri- 
tique, misperceptions. business cycles, and persis- 
tence; real business cycles: policy ineffectiveness and 
effectiveness; optimal policy rules and time inconsis- 
tency; efficient markets hypothesis. Unemployment 
theory: unemployment and wage behavior in fix- 
price models, implicit contracts, and efficiency wage 
models; hysteresis. Theory of production: aggrega- 
tion and index number theory: capital theory; theory 
of economic growth and asociated measurement is- 
sues. 

ECON 603 Microeconomic Analysis 1(3) 

Three hours of lecture and two hours of laboratory 
per week. Prerequisite: ECON 600 or permission of 
department. A detailed treatment of the theory of the 
consumer and of the firm, particularly emphasizing 
the duality approach. Topics include uncertainty, the 
household production model, imperfect competition, 
monopolilstic and oligopolistic markets. 

ECON 604 Microeconomic Analysis II (3) 

Three hours of lecture and two hours of laboratory 
per week. Prerequisite: ECON 603 or permission of 



304 ECON - Economics 



department. Analysis of markets and market equilib- 
ria; the Arrow-Debreu model of general equilibrium, 
the two-sector model, welfare theorems, externali- 
ties, public goods, markets with incomplete and 
asymmetric information, game theory. 

ECON 606 History of Economic Thought (3) 

Prerequisite: ECON 403 or permission of depart- 
ment. The classical economists, Adam Smith, David 
Ricardo, and John Stuart Mill are studied in detail af- 
ter a survey of their predecessors: Aristotle, Aquinas, 
the Mercantilists, Founders, and Physiocrats. Atten- 
tion is given to methodological issues, including the 
meaning and validity of economic theories. 

ECON 607 Economic Theory in the Nineteenth 
Century (3) 

Prerequisite: ECON 606 or permission of depart- 
ment. Economics of Karl Marx; neo-classical eco- 
nomics of Jevons, Menger, Walras, Pareto, Marshall, 
and J.B. Clark; Veblen, J.M. Keynes and Neo-Keyne- 
sian economics. Particular attention is given to 
Marx's capital and Keynes's general theory. Criteria 
for the validity of economic theories. 

ECON 611 Seminar in American Economic 
Development (3) 

Prerequisite: permission of department. Selected 
topics in the long-term movements of the American 
economy. Quantitative studies of the growth of out- 
put; applications of econometric methods and eco- 
nomic theory to topics in American economic history. 

ECON 613 Origins and Development of 
Capitalism (3) 

Prerequisite: permission of department. Advanced 
special students not permitted. Institutions and tech- 
nology shaping pre-capitalist economies: Archaic, 
Greek and Roman, Feudal, and Mercantile. Rise of 
the market system, national economies, and capital- 
ism. The nature of industrial society. Imperialism. 

ECON 615 Economic Development of Less- 
Developed Areas (3) 

Prerequisite: ECON 603 or permission of depart- 
ment. Analysis of the forces contributing to and re- 
tarding economic progress in less-developed areas. 
Topics include the relationship of international trade 
to development, import-substituting and export-led 
industrialization, the effects of population growth on 
economic development, and the analysis of institu- 
tions and institutional change in land tenure, finance, 
and labor markets. 

ECON 616 Seminar in Economic Development (3) 

Prerequisite: ECON 615 or ECON 415. Current top- 
ics in economic development. Special emphasis on 



application of theory and research techniques to spe- 
cial problems or countries. 

ECON 621 Quantitative Methods I (3) 

Prerequisite: ECON 600 or permission of depart- 
ment. Introduction to the theory and practice of statis- 
tical inference with emphasis on linear regression. 
Topics include: Ordinary least squares; measures of 
fit; Gauss-Markov Theorem; test of linear hypothe- 
ses; multi-collinearity; empirical applications which 
stress both computer usage and economic modelling. 

ECON 622 Quantitative Methods II (3) 

Prerequisite: ECON 621 or permission of depart- 
ment. Generalized linear regression model and linear 
simultaneous equation models. Topics include: Gen- 
eralized least squares, heteroscedasticity, autocorre- 
lation, seemingly unrelated regressions, pooling of 
cross section time series data; instrumental variable 
estimation; distributed lag models; autoregressive 
models; linear simultaneous equation models, identi- 
fication and estimation; aspects of asymptotic distri- 
bution theory; empirical applications which stress 
both computer usage and economic modelling. 

ECON 623 Econometrics I (3) 

Formal treatment of the theory of probability and sta- 
tistics relevant for econometrics. Topics include: 
Probability; random variables; distribution and densi- 
ty functions; moment generating functions; distribu- 
tion of functions of random variables; point and 
interval estimation; hypothesis testing; basic ele- 
ments of computer usage. 

ECON 624 Econometrics II (3) 

Prerequisite: ECON 623 or permission of depart- 
ment. Formal treatment of linear regression. Topics 
include: Ordinary least squares, algebraic and geo- 
metric properties, small and large sample properties; 
measures of fit; Gauss-Markov Theorem; test of lin- 
ear hypotheses; multicollinearity; empirical applica- 
tions which stress both computer usage and economic 
modelling. 

ECON 625 Quantitative Methods in Practice (3) 

Prerequisite: ECON 621 or equivalent. Practical ex- 
perience in applying quantitative methods to econom- 
ic data using computers. Proficiency in techniques, 
creativity in model formulation, and judgment in 
model evaluation are stressed. 

ECON 661 The Corporate Firm (3) 

Prerequisites: ECON 603, and ECON 662 or ECON 
624. The modern firm; review of the theory of profit; 
neoclassical and managerial theories of the firm. De- 
cisions of the firm: investment, research and develop- 
ment, advertising, mergers; analysis of determinants 



ECON - Economics 



305 



and effects ol these decisions, fheoreticaJ and empir 
ical studies of the firm. 

ECON 662 Industry Structure, Conduct, and 

Performance (3) 
Prerequisites ECON 603, and ECON 622 or ECON 
624. Determinants of industry structures; structural 
effects on firm conduct and performance. Plant and 
firm economies of scale and their relation to concen- 
tration levels. Industry entry barriers; competitive, 
oligopolistic, and monopolistic pricing. Impact of 
concentration, entry harriers, and other structure vari- 
ables on prices and profits of the industry. Social cost 
of market power. 

ECON 663 Antitrust Policy and Regulation (3) 

Prerequisites: ECON 603; and ECON 622 or ECON 
624. U.S. antitrust policy after 1890; actual policies 
compared to theoretical policies to promote economic 
efficiency. Development of policy toward monopo- 
lies, cartels, mergers, and patents. Models of the reg- 
ulatory process and empirical evidence. Studies of 
regulation of electricity, transportation, airlines, and 
other industries. Economics of product safety. Regu- 
lation of drugs, automobiles, food, and other prod- 
ucts. 

ECON 681 Comparative Economic Systems and 

Economic Planning (3) 
Theory and practice of economic systems that differ 
markedly from competitive capitalist system; com- 
mand economies, in particular the Soviet Union; 
planned capitalist economies, including French and 
Dutch experience; self-managed systems (Yugosla- 
via); and market socialism (Hungary). Emphasis on 
the nature of institutions and on applying economic 
tools. 

ECON 682 Topics in Comparative Economic 
Systems (3) 

Prerequisite: ECON 681. Detailed analysis of 
planned economic systems; theoretical study of neo- 
classical, input-output, and development planning 
models; use of economic analysis to understand the 
behavior and development of the economies of West- 
em Europe, the USSR, Eastern Europe, and China. 

ECON 684 Seminar in Economic Development of the 
Soviet Union (3) 

Measurement and evaluation of Soviet economic 
growth; interpretation and use of Soviet statistics; 
planning and economic administration; manpower 
and wage policies; foreign trade and aid. Selected 
topics in Bloc development and reform. 

ECON 698 Selected Topics in Economics (3) 



ECON 7(10 Applied Economic Theory (3) 

Applied economic theory designed primarily for mas 

lei's degree students. Topics from microeconomic 

and macroeconomic theory, including applied wel- 
fare economics, consumer surplus, public goods and 
externalities, investment theory, economic growth, 
and a review of IS-LM analysis. 

ECON 701 Advanced Macroeconomics I (3) 

Prerequisite: ECON 601 ; and ECON 602. Recent de- 
velopments in macroeconomics with an emphasis on 
topics and techniques useful for conducting research 
in macroeconomics. Topics include advanced treat- 
ment of fiscal and monetary policy issues; the role of 
imperfect competition; real, sectoral and nominal 
business cycle models. 

ECON 702 Advanced Macroeconomics II (3) 
Prerequisites: ECON 601 and ECON 602. Disequi- 
librium macroeconomic models; models of persis- 
tence and hysteresis; models of nominal and real 
rigidities; macroeconomic time series estimation 
techniques including cointegration and method-of- 
moments estimation procedures. 

ECON 703 Advanced Microeconomics I (3) 

Prerequisites: ECON 603 and ECON 604. Normative 
and descriptive theory of social choice: including al- 
ternative axiomatizations, possibility theorems, and 
impossibility theorems. The implications of uncer- 
tainty for microeconomic behavior using axioms of 
choice and the expected utility theorem. Noncooper- 
ative games, including extensive and normal forms, 
Nash equilibrium, and applications to voting models 
and imperfect competition. 

ECON 704 Advanced Microeconomics II (3) 

Prerequisites: ECON 603 and ECON 604. General 
equilibrium theory and its relation to the core, the 
convergence theorem, and temporary equilibrium in a 
sequence of markets. The role of information in vari- 
ous economic organizations: including coordination 
and incentives under incomplete information, the 
principal-agent problem, search, and signaling. Prin- 
ciples of efficient and optimal allocation over time, 
and applications to capital accumulation and taxation. 

ECON 705 Contemporary Institutional 

Economics (3) 
Introduction to institutional economics. Methodolog- 
ical contrasts with orthodox theory and Marxism. The 
institutional value theory. Theories of consumption, 
production, technological change, trade. Treatment 
of modern institutionalists: Galbraith, Ayres, Pola- 
nyi, Myrdal, Gruchy. 



306 ECON - Economics 



ECON 721 Econometrics HI (3) 

Prerequisite: ECON 624 or permission of instructor. 
Topics include: Generalized least squares, heterosce- 
dasticity. autocorrelation, seemingly unrelated re- 
gressions, pooling of cross section and time series 
data; distributed lag models; introduction to time se- 
ries models, linear simultaneous equation models, 
identification, two and three stage least squares, full 
information maximum likelihood, asymptotic distri- 
bution theory; empirical applications. 

ECON 722 Econometrics IV (3) 

Prerequisite: ECON 721 or permission of instructor. 
Topics include: Nonlinear econometric models; ran- 
dom parameter models; optimal control; Bayesian 
analysis; qualitative and limited dependent variable 
models; specification analysis; causality; cointegra- 
tion; robust estimation; empirical applications which 
stress both computer usage and economic modelling. 

ECON 731 Monetary Economics (3) 

Prerequisite: ECON 601 or permission of depart- 
ment. Implementation of monetary policy: targets and 
instruments. Tobin's asset accumulation models. 
Transactions demand for money: Clower constraints, 
cash-in-advance models, legal restrictions. Asset de- 
mand for money, portfolio diversification, and over- 
lapping generations models. Elements of finance: 
Capital Asset Pricing Models, arbitrage pricing theo- 
ry, pricing of state-contingent claims. The term struc- 
ture of interest rates. 

ECON 732 Seminar in Monetary Theory and 
Policy (3) 

Prerequisite: ECON 731 or permission of depart- 
ment. Optimal monetary policy; time consistency 
problems; positive theory of inflation; business cy- 
cles; asset prices; financial intermediation; cash in 
advance and OG models. 

ECON 741 Advanced International Economics I (3) 

Prerequisite: ECON 601 or permission of depart- 
ment. Exchange rate determination; exchange rate re- 
gimes; international monetary reform; policy conflict 
and cooperation; the LDC debt problem; pricing of 
international assets; balance of payments crises. 

ECON 742 Advanced International 
Economics II (3) 

Prerequisite: ECON 603 or permission of depart- 
ment. Comparative advantage, Heckscher-Ohlin the- 
ory, specific-factors model, empirical verification, 
economies of scale, imperfect competition, commer- 
cial policy, factor mobility. 

ECON 751 Advanced Theory of Public Finance (3) 

Prerequisite: ECON 603 or permission of depart- 
ment. Review of utility analysis to include the theory 



of individual consumer resource allocation and ex- 
change and welfare implications. Effects of alterna- 
tive tax and subsidy techniques upon allocation, 
exchange, and welfare outcomes. Theories of public 
goods, their production, exchange and consumption. 
Principles of benefit-cost analysis for government de- 
cisions. 

ECON 752 Seminar in Public Finance (3) 

Prerequisite: ECON 751. Theory of taxation, with 
particular emphasis on income taxation; empirical 
studies; the burden of the public debt. 

ECON 755 Theory of Public Choice I (3) 

Prerequisite: ECON 604 or permission of depart- 
ment. Market failure and the need for collective 
choice: public goods, externalities, decreasing costs, 
and the case for universalistic social insurance; in- 
come distribution and the role of government; the 
need for and potential of a unified approach to social 
science; the theory of regulation; collective choice in 
developing countries; single-peaked preference and 
median voter theorems; conditions for equilibria in 
multidimensional voting models; cycling and logroll- 
ing; majority rule and unanimity rule. 

ECON 756 Theory of Public Choice II (3) 

Prerequisite: ECON 755 or permission of depart- 
ment. Two-party competition - deterministic voting: 
two-party competition - probabilistic voting; voter 
abstentions; Bergson-Samuelson social welfare func- 
tions; Arrow's impossibility theorem; single-profile 
impossibility theorems; relaxing the postulates of Ar- 
row's theorem; the impossibility of a Paretian liberal; 
preference revelation procedures; Rawls and Just so- 
cial choice; the utilitarian alternative; positive vs. 
normative public choice: allocation and redistribu- 
tion. 

ECON 771 Advanced Labor Economics: Theory and 
Evidence (3) 

Prerequisite: ECON 603, and (ECON 621, or ECON 
624) or permission of department. Modern analytical 
and quantitative labor economics. Labor supply deci- 
sions of individuals and households; human capital 
model and distribution of income. Demand for labor: 
marginal productivity theory, imperfect information 
and screening. Interaction of labor demand and sup- 
ply; unemployment; relative and absolute wages; 
macroeconomic aspects of the labor market. 

ECON 772 Government Policy and the Labor 
Market (3) 

Prerequisite: ECON 771 or permission of depart- 
ment. Impact of governmental programs on the labor 
market. Programs examined chosen from among: em- 
ployment training and public employment programs; 
public assistance; unemployment insurance, social 



EDCI - Curriculum and Instruction 



307 



security, wage setting policies such .is fair labor stan 
dards act and Davis-Bacon act; policies toward 
unionization; anti-discrimination programs. 

ECON 781 Environmental Economics (3) 
Prerequisites: IX 'ON 603 and (EC 'ON 621 or ECON 
f>24) or permission of department. Theory of exter- 
nalities, the design and implementation of policy 
measures tor environmental protection, environmen- 
tal federalism, measurement of the benefits and costs 
of improved environmental quality, distribution of 
environmental costs and benefits. 

ECON 785 Advanced Economics of Natural 

Resources (3) 
Prerequisites: ECON 603 and ECON 621 or ECON 
624 or permission of department. The rate of use of 
renewable and non-renewable resources from the 
normative and positive points of view; evaluation of 
alternative uses of natural environments; irreversibil- 
ities, discounting and intergenerational transfers. Dis- 
cussion of natural resource problems and policies. 

ECON 790 Advanced Urban Economics (3) 

Market processes and public policies as related to ur- 
ban problems and metropolitan change. Employment, 
housing, discrimination, transportation and the local 
public sector. 

ECON 799 Master's Thesis Research (1-6) 

ECON 808 Workshop on Macroeconomics and 
Growth (3) 

Prerequisite: permission of department. Repeatable 
to 6 credits if content differs. 

ECON 828 Workshop in Econometrics (3) 

Prerequisite: permission of department. Repeatable 
to 6 credits if content differs. 

ECON 848 Workshop in International Development, 
and Comparative Economics (3) 

Prerequisite: permission of department. Repeatable 
to 6 credits if content differs. 

ECON 858 Workshop in Public Economics (3) 

Prerequisite: permission of department. Repeatable 
to 6 credits if content differs. 

ECON 868 Workshop in Industrial Organization (3) 

Prerequisite: permission of department. Repeatable 
to 6 credits if content differs. 

ECON 878 Workshop in Labor Economics (3) 

Prerequisite: permission of department. Repeatable 
to 6 credits if content differs. 

ECON 899 Doctoral Dissertation Research (1-8) 



EDCI - Curriculum and 
Instruction 

EDCI 401 Student Teaching in Elementary School: 

Art (4-8) 
Prerequisites: admission to teachei education pro- 
gram; and 2.5 GPA; and permission q) department. 
and EDCI 300. For art education majors only. 

EDCI 402 Student Teaching in Secondary Schools: 

Art (2-8) 
Prerequisites: admission to teacher education pro 
gram; and 2.5 GPA: and permission of department: 
and EDCI 300. For art education majors only. 

EDCI 403 Teaching of Art Criticism in Public- 
Schools (3) 

Introduction to theories of art criticism. Trips to gal- 
leries and museums. Open to fine arts majors and stu- 
dents from other disciplines. 

EDCI 406 Practicum in Art Education: Two- 
Dimensional (3) 

Prerequisite: permission of department. Theory and 
practical experience in two-dimensional design in 
various art media; development of teaching proce- 
dures and presentation of materials in school settings. 

EDCI 407 Practicum in Art Education: Three- 
Dimensional (3) 

For pre -art education and art education majors only. 
A lecture-studio course to develop skills, material re- 
sources, and educational strategies for three-dimen- 
sional projects in school settings. 

EDCI 410 The Child and the Curriculum: Early 
Childhood (3) 

Relationship of the nursery school curriculum to 
child growth and development. Recent trends in cur- 
riculum organization; the effect of environment on 
learning; readiness to learn; and adapting curriculum 
content and methods to maturity levels of children. 
Primarily for in-service teachers, nursery school 
through grade 3. 

EDCI 411 Student Teaching: Preschool (4) 

Prerequisites: admission to teacher education pro- 
gram; and 2.5 GPA; and permission of department; 
and EDCI 314; and EDCI 315; and EDCI 316; and 
EDCI 31 7; and EDHD 419B. For early childhood ed- 
ucation majors only. 

EDCI 412 Student Teaching: Kindergarten (4) 

Prerequisites: admission to teacher education pro- 
gram; and 2.5 GPA; and permission of department: 
and EDCI 314: and EDCI 315: and EDCI 316: and 
EDCI 317; and EDHD 419B. Corequisites: EDCI 



308 EDCI - Curriculum and Instruction 



411; and EDCI 413. For early childhood education 
majors only. 

EDCI 413 Student Teaching: Primary Grades (8) 

Prerequisites: admission to teacher education pro- 
gram; and 2_5 GPA; and permission of department; 
and EDCI 314; and EDCI 315; and EDCI 316: and 
EDCI 317; and EDHD 419B. Corequisites: EDCI 
411; and EDCI 412. For early childhood education 
majors only. 

EDCI 416 Mainstreaming in Early Childhood 

Educational Setting (3) 
Theoretical bases and applied practices for integrat- 
ing handicapped children into regular early childhood 
programs. 

EDCI 420 Student Teaching Seminar in Secondary 

Education: Social Studies (3) 
Prerequisites: admission to teacher education pro- 
gram; and 2.5 GPA: and EDCI 320 or EDCI 321. 
Corequisite: EDCI 421 or EDCI 422. An anal\ sis of 
teaching theory, strategies, and techniques in the stu- 
dent teaching experience. 

EDCI 421 Student Teaching in Secondary Schools: 

Social Studies History 1 12 1 
Prerequisites: admission to teacher education pro- 
gram: and 2.5 GPA: and permission of department: 
and EDCI 320. Corequisite: EDCI 420. 

EDCI 422 Student Teaching in Secondary Schools: 

Social Studies Geography (12) 
Prerequisite: EDCI 321. Corequisite: EDCI 420. 

EDCI 423 Social Studies in Early Childhood 

Education (3 1 
Curriculum, organization and methods of teaching, 
evaluation of materials and utilization of environ- 
mental resources. Emphasis on multicultural educa- 
tion. Primarily for in-service teachers, nursery school 
through grade 3. 

EDCI 424 Social Studies in the Elementary School (3) 
Curriculum, organization and methods of teaching. 
evaluation of materials and utilization of environ- 
mental resources. Emphasis on multicultural educa- 
tion. Primarily for in-service teachers, grades 1-6. 

EDCI 425 Social Studies and Multicultural 

Education (3) 
Seminar in general social science principles applica- 
ble to multicultural education. Cultural experiences 
arranged for each participant. 

EDCI 426 Methods of Teaching Social Studies in 

Secondary Schools (3) 
Prerequisites: EDHD 300: and EDCI 390. Objec- 
tives, selection and organization of subject matter. 



appropriate methods, lesson plans, textbooks and oth- 
er instructional materials, measurement and topics 
pertinent to social studies education. Includes empha- 
sis on multicultural education. For in-service teach- 
ers. 

EDCI 427 Teaching Writing to Eimited English 

Proficiency Students i3i 
Prerequisites: {EDCI 330 and EDCI 434} or permis- 
sion of department. Junior standing. Research, theo- 
ry, and practice in the teaching of writing to limited 
English proficiency students for teachers and pro- 
spective teachers. 

EDCI 430 Student Teaching Seminar in Secondary 

Education: Foreign Language (3) 
Prerequisites: admission to teacher education pro- 
gram: and 2.5 GPA; and EDCI 330. Corequisite: 
EDCI 431 . An analysis of teaching theory, strategies 
and techniques in the student teaching experience. 

EDCI 431 Student Teaching in Secondary Schools: 

Foreign Language (12) 
Prerequisites: admission to teacher education pro- 
gram: and 2.5 GPA; and permission of department; 
and EDCI 330. Corequisite: EDCI 430. 

EDCI 432 Foreign Language Methods in the 
Elementary School (3) 

Prerequisite: permission of department. Methods and 
techniques for developmental approach to the teach- 
ing of modern foreign languages in elementary 
schools. Development of oral-aural skills in language 
development. 

EDCI 433 Introduction to Foreign Language 

Methods (3) 
Prerequisites: EDHD 300; and EDCI 390; or per- 
mission of department. Objectives, selection and or- 
ganization of subject matter, appropriate methods, 
lesson plans, textbooks and other instructional mate- 
rials, measurement and topics pertinent to foreign 
language education. For in-service teachers. 

EDCI 434 Methods of Teaching English to Speakers 
of Other Languages (3) 

Methods for teaching listening, speaking, reading 
and miring techniques and a review of research find- 
ings. 

EDCI 435 Teaching Reading in a Second 
Language i 3 i 

Prerequisite: permission of department. Anal\Ms oi 
selected theories and practices in first language read- 
ing applied to second language teaching/learning; di- 
agnostic and prescriptive techniques and analysis of 
the student's cultural background as a factor in eval- 
uating reading achievement in the second language. 



EDCI - Curriculum and Instruction 



309 



EDCI 436 reaching for < !ross-< lultural 

Communication (3) 
The techniques and content for teaching culture in 
Foreign language classes and English as a Second 
Language (ESL) classes Research and evaluation of 
selected aspects of a culture as basis for creating 
teaching materials. 

EDCI 437 Bilingual-Bicultural Education (3) 
Prerequisite: permission of department. Anal) sis of 
bilingual-bicultural education in the U.S. and abroad 
with emphasis on TESOL. Methods of teaching, 
goals, instructional materials and mainstreaming of 
bilingual students. 

EDCI 438 Field Experience in TESOL (3) 

Prerequisites: EDCI 434 or equivalent; and permis- 
sion of department. Systematic observations, tutoring 
and teaching in a TESOL field setting. 

EDCI 440 Student Teaching Seminar in Secondary 
Education: English, Speech, Theatre (1) 

Prerequisites: admission to teacher education pro- 
gram: and 2.5 GPA: and EDCI 340. Corequisite: 
EDCI 441 . An analysis of teaching theory, strategies 
and techniques in relation to the student teaching ex- 
perience. 

EDCI 441 Student Teaching in Secondary Schools: 

English (6-12) 
Prerequisites: admission to teacher education pro- 
gram; and 2.5 GPA; and permission of department: 
and EDCI 340. Corequisites: EDCI 440: and EDCI 
442; or EDCI 448. 

EDCI 442 Student Teaching in Secondary Schools: 
Speech (6-12) 

Prerequisites: admission to teacher education pro- 
gram; and 2.5 GPA; and permission of department; 
and EDCI 340. Corequisite: EDCI 440. 

EDCI 443 Literature for Children and Youth (3) 

For elementary education and pre -elementary educa- 
tion majors only. Analysis of literary materials for 
children and youth. Timeless and ageless books, and 
outstanding examples of contemporary publishing. 
Evaluation of the contributions of individual authors, 
illustrators and children's book awards. 

EDCI 444 Language Arts in Early Childhood 
Education (3) 

Teaching of spelling, handwriting, oral and written 
expression and creative expression. Primarily for in- 
service teachers, nursery school through grade 3. 



EDCI 445 language Arts in the Elemental*] 

School (3) 
Teaching ol spelling, handwriting, oral and written 
expression and creative expression. Primarily for in- 
service teachers, grades l -6, 

EDCI 446 Methods of Teaching English, Speech, 
Theatre in Secondary Schools (3) 

Prerequisites: EDI II) 300; and EDCI 390; or per 
mission of department. Objectives, selection and or- 
ganization of subject matter, appropriate methods, 
lesson plans, textbooks and other instructional mate- 
rials, measurement and topics pertinent to English, 
speech, and drama education. For in-service teachers. 

EDCI 447 Field Experience in English, Speech, 
Theatre Teaching ( 1 ) 

Prerequisites: admission to teacher education pro- 
gram; and 2.5 GPA; and EDCI 390; and EDHD 
300S. Corequisite: EDCI 340. For education majors 
only. Practical experience as an aide to a regular En- 
glish, speech or drama teacher; assigned responsibil- 
ities and participation in a variety of teaching/ 
learning activities. 

EDCI 448 Student Teaching in Secondary Schools: 
Theatre (6-12) 

Prerequisites: admission to teacher education pro- 
gram; and 2.5 GPA; and permission of department; 
and EDCI 340. Corequisite: EDCI 441. Persons stu- 
dent teaching in theatre only should register for 12 
credits. Persons in the Theatre and English Education 
Program should register for 6 credits of EDCI 441 
and 6 credits of EDCI 448. 

EDCI 450 Student Teaching Seminar in Secondary 
Education: Mathematics (3) 

Prerequisites: admission to teacher education pro- 
gram: 2.5 GPA; and EDCI 350; and EDCI 457. 
Corequisite: EDCI 451. An analysis of teaching the- 
ory, strategies and techniques in the student teaching 
experience. 

EDCI 451 Student Teaching in Secondary Schools: 

Mathematics (12) 
Prerequisites: admission to teacher education pro- 
gram: and 2.5 GPA; and permission of department; 
and EDCI 350; and EDCI 457. Corequisite: EDCI 
450. 

EDCI 452 Mathematics in Early Childhood 
Education (3) 

Prerequisite: MATH 210 or equivalent. Emphasis on 
materials and procedures which help pupils sense 
arithmetic meanings and relationships. Primarily for 
in-service teachers, nursery school through grade 3. 



310 EDCI - Curriculum and Instruction 



EDCI 453 Mathematics in the Elementary School (3) 

Prerequisite: MATH 210 or equivalent. Emphasis on 
materials and procedures which help pupils sense 
arithmetic meanings and relationships. Primarily for 
in-service teachers, grades 1-6. 

EDCI 455 Methods of Teaching Mathematics in 
Secondary Schools (3) 

Prerequisites: EDHD 300; and EDCI 390: and 2 se- 
mesters of calculus. Objectives, selection and organi- 
zation of subject matter, appropriate methods, lesson 
plans, textbooks and other instructional materials, 
measurement, and topics pertinent to mathematics 
education. 

EDCI 456 Teaching Mathematics to the 
Educationally Handicapped (3) 

Prerequisites: {EDSP 331: and EDSP 332: and 
EDSP 333: and EDSP 443: and MATH 210} or per- 
mission of department. Development of skills in diag- 
nosing and identifying learning disabilities in 
mathematics and planning for individualized instruc- 
tion. Clinic participation required. 

EDCI 457 Teaching Secondary Students with 
Difficulties in Learning Mathematics (3) 

Corequisite: EDCI 390 or permission of department. 
Diagnosis, prescription and implementation of in- 
struction for less able secondary school mathematics 
students. Participation in a clinical experience. 

EDCI 461 Reading in Early Childhood Education (3) 

Developmental reading instruction, including emer- 
gent literacy, literature-based and basal reader pro- 
grams. Primarily for inservice teachers, pre-school 
through grade 3. 

EDCI 462 Reading in the Elementary School (3) 

Developmental reading instruction, including emer- 
gent literacy, literature-based and basal reader pro- 
grams. Primarily for inservice teachers, grades 1-8. 

EDCI 463 Reading in the Secondary School (3) 

Prerequisites: admission to teacher education pro- 
gram; and 2.5 GPA; or permission of department re- 
quired for post-baccalaureate students. For 
education majors only. The fundamentals of content 
area reading instruction. Emphasis on middle school 
through high school. 

EDCI 464 Reading Instruction and Diagnosis Across 
Content Areas (3) 

Prerequisite: EDCI 362 or permission of department 
for graduate students. Fundamentals of diagnosis and 
diagnostic instruction in reading for preservice ele- 
mentary teachers. Emphasis on integrated evaluation 
procedures and instruction strategies. 



EDCI 465 Language, Culture, and Education (3) 

Prerequisite: LING 200 or permission of department 
Survey of sociolinguistic and psycholinguistic per- 
spectives for the study of language and education; ex- 
amines pragmatics, speech act theory, and 
dimensions of language variation (dialects, codes, 
and registers); implications for educational research 
and instructional practice. 

EDCI 466 Literature for Adolescents (3) 

Prerequisites: admission to teacher education pro- 
gram; and 2.5 GPA; permission of department re- 
quired for post-baccalaureate students. For 
education majors only. Reading and analysis of fic- 
tion and nonfiction; methods for critically assessing 
quality and appeal: current theory and methods of in- 
struction; research on response to literature; curricu- 
lum design and selection of books. 

EDCI 467 Teaching Writing (3) 

Prerequisites: admission to teacher education pro- 
gram; and 2.5 GPA; permission of department re- 
quired for post-baccalaureate students. For 
education majors only. Sources and procedures for 
developing curriculum objectives and materials for 
teaching written composition; prewriting. compos- 
ing, and revision procedures: contemporary direc- 
tions in rhetorical theory; survey of research on 
composition instruction. 

EDCI 470 Student Teaching Seminar in Secondary 

Education: Science ( 1 ) 
Prerequisites: admission to teacher education pro- 
gram; and 2.5 GPA; and EDCI 370. Corequisites: 
EDCI 371; and EDCI 471. Analysis of teaching the- 
ory, strategies and techniques in student teaching. 

EDCI 471 Student Teaching in Secondary Schools: 

Science (12) 
Prerequisites: admission to teacher education pro- 
gram; and 2.5 GPA: and permission of department; 
and EDCI 370. Corequisites: EDCI 371; and EDCI 
470. 

EDCI 472 Methods of Teaching Science in Secondary 

Schools (3) 
Prerequisites: EDHD 300; and EDCI 390; and per- 
mission of department. Methods for classroom and 
laboratory instruction, determining appropriate 
teaching methods, selecting instructional materials, 
evaluating student achievement. Includes lab and 
field experience. For in-service teachers. 

EDCI 473 Environmental Education (3) 

Two hours of lecture and three hours of laboratory 
per week. An interdisciplinary course covering the lit- 
erature, techniques and strategies of environmental 
education. 



EDCI - Curriculum and Instruction 31 1 



llx I 474 Science in Earlj Childhood Education (3) 
Objectives, methods, materials and activities for 
teaching science in the elemental) school. Primarily 
for in service teachers, nursery school through grade 
3. 

EDCI 475 Science in the Elementary School (3) 
Objectives, methods, materials, and activities for 

teaching science in the elemental) school. Primaril) 
for in-service teachers, grades 1-6. 

MM I 476 Teaching Ecology and Natural Histor) (3) 

An introduction to the teaching of natural history in 
the classroom and in the field. Ecological principles; 
resources and instructional materials; curricular ma- 
terials. Primaril) tor teachers, park naturalists, and 
outdoor educators. 

EDCI 480 The Child and the Curriculum: 
Elementary (3) 

Relationship of the school curriculum, grades 1-6. to 
child growth and development. Recent trends in cur- 
riculum organization; the effect of environment on 
learning; readiness to learn; and adapting curriculum 
content and methods to maturity levels of children. 
Primarily for in-service teachers, grades 1-6. 

EDCI 481 Student Teaching: Elementary (12) 
Prerequisites: admission to teacher education pro- 
gram: and 2.5 GPA; and permission of department; 
and EDCI 322; and EDCI 342; and EDCI 352; and 
EDCI 362; and EDCI 372. Core qui site; EDCI 464. 

EDCI 484 Student Teaching in Elementary School: 

Music (4-6) 
Prerequisites: admission to teacher education pro- 
gram: and 2.5 GPA; and permission of department; 
and MUED 411; and MUED 420; and MUED 470; 
and MUED 471 ; and MUED 472. Corequisite: EDCI 
494. Fulfills elementary teaching requirements in K- 
1 2 music education programs. 

EDCI 485 Student Teaching in Elementary School: 

Physical Education (4-8) 
For EDCI majors only. Fulfills elementary teaching 
requirements in K-12 physical education programs. 

EDCI 487 Introduction to Computers in 
Instructional Settings (3) 

Prerequisite: si.x hours of education or permission of 
department. A first-level survey of instructional uses 
of computers, software, and related technology espe- 
cially for in-service teachers. 

EDCI 488 Selected Topics in Teacher Education (1-3) 
Prerequisite: EDCI major or permission of depart- 
ment. Repeatable to 6 credits if content differs. 



I l>< I 4X9 Held Experiences in Education < l-4i 
Prerequisite: permission of department. Corequisite: 
EDCI 497. Repeatable to 4 credits. 

FIX I 441 Student leaching in Secondary Schools: 
Health (12) 

/ hi 1 1)( 7 majors only. 

EDCI 494 Student Teaching in Secondary Schools: 

Music (2-8 1 
For EDCI majors only. 

EDCI 495 Student Teaching in Secondary Schools: 

Physical Education (2-8) 
For EDCI majors only. 

EDCI 497 The Study of Teaching (3) 

Prerequisite: EDCI 481. Corequisite: EDCI 489. 
Identification and examination of learner and teacher 
outcome variables related to teaching systems, meth- 
ods, and processes. Methods of conducting classroom 
research. 

EDCI 498 Special Problems in Teacher 

Education (1-6) 
Prerequisite: permission of department. For EDCI 
majors only. Repeatable to 6 credits. Individual study 
of approved problems. 

EDCI 499 Workshops, Clinics, and Institutes (1-6) 

Repeatable to 6 credits. The following types of edu- 
cational enterprise may be scheduled under this 
course heading: workshops conducted by the College 
of Education (or developed cooperatively with other 
colleges and universities) and not otherwise covered 
in the present course listing; clinical experiences in 
pupil testing centers, reading clinics, speech therapy 
laboratories, and special education centers: institutes 
developed around specific topics or problems and in- 
tended for designated groups such as school superin- 
tendents, principals and supervisors. 

EDCI 600 Trends in Art Education Curriculum (3) 

Recent developments in art education. 

EDCI 601 History of Art Education (3) 

Perspective on art education philosophy as viewed 
through an historical survey. 

EDCI 602 The Teaching of Aesthetics in the Public 
Schools (3) 

Critical investigation of art, and curriculum implica- 
tions. 

EDCI 610 Curriculum for Early Childhood 
Education (3) 

Curriculum theory, research and practice in educa- 
tional settings for infants and children to age eight. 



312 EDCI - Curriculum and Instruction 



EDCI 611 The Young Child in the Community (3) 

Impact of major social and economic trends on young 
children and on community agencies, commercial en- 
terprises and social experiences. 

EDCI 612 Teaching Strategies in Early Childhood 

Education (3) 
Theory and research of teacher-learner interaction. 
Analysis of planning, organization of learning envi- 
ronments, evaluation of learning, general classroom 
management, and inter-personal relationships. 

EDCI 613 Teacher-Parent Relationships (3) 

Research in parental involvement in school activities 
and processes. 

EDCI 614 Intellectual and Creative Experiences in 
Early Childhood Education (3) 

A critical examination of theories of intellectual and 
creative development, language development, prob- 
lem solving and critical thinking. 

EDCI 620 Trends in Secondary School Curriculum: 
Social Studies (3) 

Recent developments in educational thinking and 
practice on the curriculum in social studies. 

EDCI 621 Trends in Secondary School Curriculum: 

Geography (3) 
Recent developments in educational thinking and 
practice on the curriculum in geography. 

EDCI 622 Teaching Social Studies in Elementary 

Schools (3) 
Examination of current literature and research in the 
social sciences as they relate to social studies curric- 
ulum and instruction. 

EDCI 630 Trends and Issues in Foreign Language 
and English as a Second Language (3) 

Recent developments and issues in educational think- 
ing and practice in the area of FLED and TESOL 
from Kindergarten to post secondary settings and 
their effects on curriculum and evaluation. 

EDCI 631 Testing in the Foreign Language/ESL 
Classroom (3) 

Analysis of standardized and teacher-made FL/ESL 
tests; emphasis on principles of FL/ESL test con- 
struction. Field testing of commercial and teacher- 
made materials. 

EDCI 635 Advanced Foreign Language Methods (3) 

Prerequisite: EDCI 330, EDCI 443, or permission of 
department. Theory and implementation of the cur- 
rent methods and curricular trends in the foreign lan- 
guage classroom. 



EDCI 637 Advanced Laboratory Practice in Foreign 

Language/TESOL Education (2-6) 
Prerequisites: EDCI 434: and EDCI 634; or permis- 
sion of department. Supervised internship in TESOL 
setting. 

EDCI 640 Trends in Secondary School Curriculum: 

English (3) 
Recent developments in educational thinking and 
practice on the curriculum in English education. 

EDCI 641 Trends in Secondary School Curriculum: 

Speech (3) 
Recent developments in educational thinking and 
practice on the curriculum in speech. 

EDCI 642 Communications and the School 

Curriculum (3) 
Curriculum development based on communication as 
the major vehicle for describing the learner's interac- 
tions with persons, knowledge, and materials in the 
classroom and school environment. 

EDCI 643 Teaching Language Arts in Elementary 

Schools (3) 
Analysis of current issues, trends, and problems in 
language-arts instruction. 

EDCI 644 Issues and Trends in Children's 
Literature (3) 

Contemporary social conditions and problems, trends 
in publishing, advertising, censorship, media adapta- 
tion, and reading habits. 

EDCI 650 Trends in Mathematics Education (3) 

Recent developments in educational thinking and 
practice which have affected the curriculum in math- 
ematics. 

EDCI 653 Diagnosis and Treatment of Learning 
Disabilities in Mathematics I (3) 

Prerequisite: EDCI 352 or permission of department. 
Diagnosis and treatment of disabilities in mathemat- 
ics. Theoretical models, specific diagnostic and in- 
structional techniques and materials for working with 
children in both clinical and classroom settings. Clin- 
ic hours to be arranged. 

EDCI 654 Diagnosis and Treatment of Learning 
Disabilities in Mathematics II (3) 

Prerequisite: EDCI 653 or permission of department. 
Diagnosis and treatment of severe learning disabili- 
ties in elementary school mathematics. Theoretical 
models, relevant research and specific techniques. 
Clinic hours to be arranged. 



EDCI - Curriculum and Instruction 313 



EDC1 657 Diagnosis and Treatment of Secondary 

Students with Misconceptions of Mathematics (3) 
Prerequisite: I IK'/ 450; and EDI 7 451; or permis- 
sion of department. Research and theory concerning 
common misconceptions in secondary school mathe 
matics. Participation in a clinical experience. 

EDCI 660 Diagnostic Reading Instruction (3) 
Prerequisite: EDCI 362 or EDCI 463 or equivalent. 
Classroom diagnostic techniques, instructional mate- 
rials, and teaching procedures; locus on readers with 
special needs; appropriate for teachers, supervisors, 
and administrators. 

EDCI 661 Content Area Reading (3) 
Prerequisite: EDCI 362 or EDCI 463 or equivalent. 
Research-based strategies for improving reading to 
learn in the content areas (K-12). 

EDCI 662 Diagnostic Reading Assessment and 
Instruction (3) 

Prerequisite: permission of department. Survey 
course in diagnostic reading assessment and instruc- 
tion tor graduate students not majoring in reading. 

EDCI 663 Issues in Reading Education (3) 
Prerequisite: EDCI 660. Implications of current the- 
ory and research for the teaching of reading. 

EDCI 664 Clinical Assessment in Reading (3) 

Prerequisites: {EDCI 660; and EDCI 661 ; and EDCI 
663} or permission of department. Clinical diagnostic 
techniques and materials for assessing reading 
strengths and needs. 

EDCI 665 Clinical Instruction in Reading (3) 

Prerequisite: EDCI 664 or permission of department. 
Clinical procedures and materials for reading instruc- 
tion. 

EDCI 666 Role of the Reading Resource Teacher (3) 

Prerequisites: EDCI 660 and EDCI 661 or permis- 
sion of department . Preparation of reading personnel 
to function as resource persons to classroom teachers, 
administrators and the school community. 

EDCI 670 Trends in School Curriculum: Science (3) 

Recent developments in educational thinking and 
practice on the curriculum in science education. 

EDCI 671 Teaching Science in Elementary 
Schools (3) 

Identification of problems in teaching science. Meth- 
ods for improving the effectiveness of science educa- 
tion. 



EDCI 672 Curriculum Innovations in Early 

Childhood-Elementary Science Education (3) 
Analysis <>i curricula in carls childhood-elementary 

science. 

EDCI 673 Assessing, Diagnosing, and leaching 

Writing (3) 
Prerequisite: EDCI 467 or equivalent; or permission 
of instructor. Application of theory and research on 
composition instruction to review assessment and di- 
agnostic procedures useful to writing teachers. De- 
velopment of curricular materials for implementing 
appropriate individual, small group, and large-group 
instruction. 

EDCI 677 Computers in Science Education (3) 

Prerequisite: EDCI 4H7 or equivalent. Current and 
projected methods by which computers can augment 
classroom and laboratory-based science instruction in 
school and non-school settings. 

EDCI 680 Trends in Secondary School 

Curriculum (3) 
Recent developments in educational thinking and 
practice on the curriculum. 

EDCI 681 Trends in Elementary School 

Curriculum (3) 
Recent developments in educational thinking and 
practice which have affected the curriculum in ele- 
mentary education. 

EDCI 682 Proseminar in Professional 

Development (3) 
Introduction to professional development for human 
service profession. Survey of professional and re- 
search literature; analysis of allied fields. 

EDCI 683 Implementation of Curricular 
Specialties (3) 

Research methods applied in curriculum implementa- 
tion; societal values, ethics and responsibilities asso- 
ciated with the implementation of curricular 
specialties; and personal capabilities to successfully 
implement curriculum. 

EDCI 684 Introduction to Field Methods in School 
and Community (3) 

Application of selected field research methods to 
problems of professional practice. Students plan and 
conduct field study utilizing qualitative field tech- 
niques. 

EDCI 685 Research Methods (3) 

The interpretation and conduct of research in curricu- 
lum and instruction. 



314 EDCI - Curriculum and Instruction 



EDCI 686 Competency-Based Curricula in Early 

Childhood Education (3) 
Prerequisite: EDCI 487 or permission of department. 
Theoretical issues in the use of computers in early 
childhood education. Applications of elementary 
computer languages with children including curricu- 
lum development, teaching methods, integration of 
the computer into the classroom and problem solving. 

EDCI 687 Applications of Computers in 
Instructional Settings (3) 

Prerequisite: EDCI 487 or permission of department. 
Review and analysis of instructional software and 
computer-based learning environments from the 
standpoint of teaching, learning, and design theories. 
Integration of instructional and tool software into 
classroom settings. 

EDCI 690 Teaching as a Profession (3) 

Prerequisite: permission of department. The profes- 
sion of teaching and the knowledge base that defines 
teaching. Current and social issues that affect teach- 
ing iind learning; role of research and experience in 
learring to teach. 

EDCI 691 Models of Teaching: Theories and 
Applications (3) 

Prerequisite: permission of department. Theory and 
research on teaching as applied to models of instruc- 
tion. Practice in developing an initial repertoire of 
teaching models and in providing thoughtful critique 
of teaching based on these models. 

EDCI 693 Research on Effective Teaching (3) 

Prerequisite: permission of department. Survey of 
the research literature on effective teaching and 
schools. Observation and analysis of teaching in a va- 
riety of school and classroom settings. 

EDCI 695 Teaching Science and Social Studies 

through Environmental Study (3) 
For EDCI majors only. Curriculum and instruction 
for science and social studies within a multicultural 
and environmental context; analysis of social studies 
and science curriculum materials; utilization of 
school and community resources. 

EDCI 696 Conducting Research on Teaching (3) 

Prerequisite: permission of department. Application 
of the knowledge base on effective teaching to the 
analysis and improvement of educational practice. 
Research methods used in the study of classroom 
teaching. Design and conduct of an action research 
project. 

EDCI 700 Theory and Research in Art Education (3) 

A survey of the research literature; evaluation of re- 
search techniques; consideration of relevant instruc- 



tional curriculum theory; evaluation of modern 
teaching methods and techniques. 

EDCI 701 Theory and Research in Music 
Education (3) 

A survey of the research literature; evaluation of re- 
search techniques; consideration of relevant instruc- 
tional curriculum theory; evaluation of modern 
teaching methods and techniques. 

EDCI 711 Education and Croup Care of the Infant 
and Young Child (3) 

Prerequisite: EDMS 645 or permission of depart- 
ment. The historical, theoretical and empirical basis 
for the group care and education of young children 
with special emphasis on the child under the age of 
three. 

EDCI 713 Research in Early Childhood 
Education (3) 

Prerequisite: EDMS 645 or permission of depart- 
ment. The design and conduct of research with infants 
and children to age eight; reviews, evaluations and 
discussions of significant and relevant early child- 
hood research literature. 

EDCI 720 Theory and Research in Social Studies 

Education (3) 
Prerequisites: {EDCI 620 or EDCI 622} ; and EDMS 
645. A survey of the research literature; evaluation of 
research techniques; consideration of relevant in- 
structional curriculum theory; evaluation of modern 
teaching methods and techniques. 

EDCI 730 Theory and Research in Secondary 
Education: Foreign Language/ESOL (3) 

Prerequisite: Permission of department. A survey of 
the research literature: evaluation of research tech- 
niques; consideration of relevant instructional curric- 
ulum theory; evaluation of modern teaching methods 
and techniques. 

EDCI 732 Psycholinguistic Theory in Second 

Language Acquisition (3) 
Prerequisites: {EDCI 434 and EDCI 630} or permis- 
sion- of department. Current research in psycholin- 
guistics and major theoretical approaches to second 
language acquisition. For teaching English to speak- 
ers of other languages (TESOL). 

EDCI 740 Theory and Research in English 
Education (3) 

A survey of the research literature; evaluation of re- 
search techniques; consideration of relevant instruc- 
tional curriculum theory; evaluation of modern 
teaching methods and techniques. 



EDCI - Curriculum and Instruction 



315 



EDCI 741 Theory and Research in Speech 

Education (3) 
A survey of the research literature; evaluation of re- 
search techniques; consideration of relevant instruc 
tional curriculum theory; evaluation of modern 
teaching methods and techniques. 

EDCI 745 Theory and Research in Written 

Communication (3) 
Recommended: I.IK I 685. Analysis and synthesis of 
recent theoretical trends in writing research; the read- 
ing and critiquing of representative research studies. 
The study of research methods for conducting disci- 
plined inquiry in written communication. 

EDCI 750 Theory and Research in Mathematics 
Education (3) 

Prerequisite: EDCI 650. A survey of the research lit- 
erature; evaluation of research techniques; consider- 
ation of relevant instructional curriculum theory; 
evaluation of modern teaching methods and tech- 
niques. 

EDCI 761 Advanced Clinical Practices in Reading 
Assessment (3) 

Prerequisite: EDCI 665. Corequisite: EDCI 762. 
Clinical practicum in assessment focusing on 
strengths and needs in reading. Case report writing 
and conferences. 

EDCI 762 Advanced Clinical Practices in Reading 
Instruction (3) 

Prerequisite: EDCI 665. Corequisite: EDCI 761. 
Clinical practicum in instruction focusing on instruc- 
tional techniques and diagnostic teaching. 

EDCI 769 Theory and Research in Reading (3) 

Prerequisite: permission of department. Repeatable 
to 6 credits if content differs. Survey of the literature 
in reading and allied fields, and an examination of 
current research trends and methodologies. 

EDCI 770 Foundations of Science Education (3) 

Prerequisite: EDCI 670 or EDCI 671 ; or permission 
of department. Development of science education; 
pre-kindergarten through college; the influences on 
current and future practices; and the identification 
and critical analysis of topics in science education. 

EDCI 771 Theory and Research in Science 
Education (3) 

Prerequisites: EDCI 770; and EDMS 646: or permis- 
sion of department. A study of various techniques and 
paradigms for research in science education, pre-kin- 
dergarten through college. Identification and critical 
analysis of a researchable topic in science education 
and the development of a proposal. 



EDCI 780 Theory and Research <>n Teaching (3) 
Analysis of the interactive process of instruction; pre- 
school through higher education in school ami non 
school settings; future directions and needed re- 
search. 

EDCI 781 Analysis of Instruction (3) 
Theory ami practice in observation of instruction and 
in the related conference with the teacher. Various 
classroom observation systems ami models tor con 
ferences are studied and used. 

EDCI 783 Theory and Research in Computer 

Education (3) 
Prerequisites: {EDCI 685; and EDCI 6X7; and 
EDMS 645} or permission of department. Examina- 
tion of the current research and theory in the instruc- 
tional uses of computers, instructional tutoring 
systems, computer programing environments, com- 
puter-based laboratories and problem solving envi- 
ronments in educational settings. 

EDCI 784 Consulting and Training in Staff 
Development (3) 

Prerequisite: EDCI 682 or permission of department. 
Theory and research on consulting and training in 
staff development. Designing and implementing con- 
sulting and training interventions. 

EDCI 787 Computer Courseware Development (3) 

Prerequisite: EDCI 687 or permission of department. 
The theory and practice of designing, creating, and 
analyzing computer-based instruction and tutoring 
systems. Advanced programming techniques using 
BASIC and author languages such as PILOT. 

EDCI 788 Selected Topics in Teacher Education (1-3) 
Repeatable to 6 credits if content differs. Current top- 
ics and issues in teacher education. 

EDCI 798 Special Problems in Teacher 

Education (1-6) 
Prerequisite: permission of department. Intended for 
Masters, AGS, or doctoral students in education who 
desire to pursue a research problem. 

EDCI 799 Master's Thesis Research (1-6) 

EDCI 800 Seminar in Art Education (3) 

EDCI 810 Seminar in Early Childhood Education (3) 

EDCI 820 Seminar in Social Studies Education (3) 

EDCI 822 Seminar in Secondary Education (3) 

EDCI 840 Seminar in English Education (3) 

EDCI 841 Seminar in Speech Education (3) 



316 EDCP - Education Counseling and Personnel Services 



EDCI 858 Seminar in Mathematics Education (1-3) 
Repeatable to 6 credits. Survey and analysis of liter- 
ature on an identified research topic in mathematics 
education. Design and implementation of a research 
study to investigate the identified topic. 

EDCI 860 Seminar in Reading Education (3) 

EDCI 861 Research Methods in Reading (3) 
Prerequisites: EDCI 685, and EDCI 769, and 
{EDMS 646 or PI}. Current research questions and 
methods culminating in a study suitable for submis- 
sion to journals. Emphasis on using and conducting 
research. 

EDCI 870 Seminar in Science Education (3) 

EDCI 880 Doctoral Proposal Seminar (3) 

Prerequisites: EDCI 685; and EDCI 780; and per- 
mission of department. Definition of the problem, de- 
velopment of research design, data collection 
processes, and writing and critiquing dissertation pro- 
posals. 

EDCI 881 Seminar in Instructional Computing (3) 

Prerequisites: EDCI 685; and EDCI 687; or permis- 
sion of department. Group and individual participa- 
tion in the study of theoretical issues of instructional 
computing. 

EDCI 888 Apprenticeship in Education (1-8) 
Prerequisite: permission of department. Apprentice 
practice under professional supervision. Credit not to 
be granted for experience accrued prior to registra- 
tion. Open only to degree- and certificate-seeking 
graduate students. 

EDCI 889 Internship in Education (3-8) 
Prerequisite: permission of department. Internship 
experiences with appropriate supervision. Credit not 
to be granted for experience accrued prior to registra- 
tion. Open only to students advanced to candidacy for 
doctoral degree. 

EDCI 899 Doctoral Dissertation Research (1-8) 

EDCP - Education Counseling and 
Personnel Services 

EDCP 410 Introduction to Counseling and Personnel 
Services (3) 

Overview of counselor functions and skills that lead 
to effective helping. 

EDCP 411 Principles of Mental Health (3) 

Prerequisite: nine semester hours in the behavioral 
sciences or permission of department. Mechanisms 
involved with personal adjustment, coping skills, and 
the behaviors that lead to maladjustment. 



EDCP 413 Behavior Modification (3) 

Knowledge and techniques of intervention in a vari- 
ety of social situations, including contingency con- 
tracting and time out will be acquired. 

EDCP 416 Theories of Counseling (3) 

An overview and comparison of the major theories of 
counseling, including an appraisal of their utility and 
empirical support. 

EDCP 417 Croup Dynamics and Leadership (3) 
Two hours of lecture and two hours of laboratory per 
week. Prerequisite: permission of department. The 
nature and property of groups, interaction analysis, 
developmental phases, leadership dynamics and 
styles, roles of members and interpersonal communi- 
cations. Laboratory involves experimental based 
learning. 

EDJP 420 Education and Racism (3) 

Strategy development for counselors and educators to 
deal with problems of racism. 

EDCP 460 Introduction to Rehabilitation 
Counseling (3) 

Survey of principles and practices involved in the vo- 
cational rehabilitation of persons with disabilities. 

EDCP 461 Psycho-Social Aspects of Disability (3) 

Theory and research concerning disability, with em- 
phasis on crisis theory, loss and mourning, handi- 
capped as a deviant group, sexuality and functional 
loss, attitude formation, dying process and coping. 
Implications for counseling and the rehabilitation 
process. 

EDCP 462 The Disabled Person in American 

Society (3) 
Critical examination of the history of legislation and 
analysis of current policies toward severely physical- 
ly and mentally disabled persons. 

EDCP 470 Introduction to Student Personnel (3) 

Prerequisite: permission of department. A systematic 
analysis of research and theoretical literature on a va- 
riety of major problems in the organization and ad- 
ministration of student personnel services in higher 
education. Included will be discussion of such topics 
as the student personnel philosophy in education, 
counseling services, discipline, housing, student ac- 
tivities, financial aid, health, remedial services, etc. 

EDCP 489 Field Experiences in Counseling and 

Personnel Services (1-4) 
Prerequisite: permission of department. Planned 
field experience in education-related activities. Cred- 
it not to be granted for experiences accrued prior to 
registration. 



EDCP - Education Counseling and Personnel Services 31 7 



EDCP 4*>X Special Problems in ( lounseling and 

Personnel Services 1 1-3) 
Prerequisite: permission oj department. Available 

onl\ lo major students who have formal plans tor in- 
dividual stud) of approved problems. 

EDCP 499 Workshops, Clinics, Institutes 1 1-6) 

Repeatable to 6 credits. The following type of educa- 
tional enterprise may he scheduled under this course 
heading: workshops conducted by the Department of 
Counseling and Personnel Sen ices (or developed co- 
operatively with other departments, colleges and uni- 
versities) and not otherwise covered in the present 
course listing; clinical experiences in counseling and 
testing centers, reading clinics, speech therapy labo- 
ratories, and special education centers; institutues de- 
veloped around specific topics or problems and 
intended for designated groups. 

EDCP 605 Developmental Issues in Counseling 

Adults (3) 
Theoretical approaches to adult development. The 
scope and variety of settings (industry, education, 
government) in which programs of adult counseling 
and guidance take place, and the nature of such pro- 
grams. 

EDCP 606 Counseling Adults in Transition (3) 

Theoretical background for understanding adult tran- 
sitions such as divorce, promotion, major illness and 
bereavement. Strategies for helping adult clients cope 
with major life changes. 

EDCP 610 Professional Orientation (3) 

Survey of knowledge base and practices in counsel- 
ing and personnel services specializations, profes- 
sional ethics, credentialling relevant legislation, 
current issues. 

EDCP 611 Career Development Theory and 

Programs (3) 
Research and theory related to career and educational 
decisions; programs of related information and other 
activities in career decision. 

EDCP 612 Cross-Cultural Issues in Counseling and 
Personnel Services (3) 

Prerequisites: EDMS 646; and EDCP 616; or per- 
mission of department. Socio-psychological, philo- 
sophical, clinical, and research topics related to the 
provision of counseling and personnel services, aca- 
demic support, and career development for minority 
students on predominantly white college and univer- 
sity campuses. Implications of race and/or national 
origin on opportunities for personal, social, academ- 
ic, and career development in educational settings. 



EDCP 614 Personality I heories in Counseling and 

Personnel Sendees (3) 
Examination Ol constructs and research relating to 
major personality theories with emphasis on their sig- 
nificance lor working with the behaviors ol individu- 
als. 

EDCP 615 Counseling I: Appraisal (3) 
Corequisite: EDCP 618. fur l.DCP majors only. 
Collection and interpretation of appraisal data, syn- 
thesis of data through case study procedures. Devel- 
opment of interview skills. 

EDCP 616 Counseling II: Theory and Practice (3) 
Prerequisite: EDCP 615. Corequisite: EDCP 618. 
Counseling theories and the practices which stem 
from such theories. 

EDCP 617 Croup Counseling (3) 

Prerequisite: EDCP 616. A survey of theory, re- 
search and practice of group counseling and psycho- 
therapy with an introduction to growth groups and the 
laboratory approach, therapeutic factors in groups, 
composition of therapeutic groups, problem clients, 
therapeutic techniques, research methods, theories, 
ethics and training of group counselors and therapists. 

EDCP 618 Counseling Skills: Introduction to 

Practicum (1) 
Corequisite: EDCP 615 and EDCP 616. Repeatable 
to 2 credits. Development and utilization of counsel- 
ing skills. 

EDCP 619 Practicum in Counseling (2-6) 
Prerequisites: EDCP 616 and permission of depart- 
ment. Sequence of supervised counseling experiences 
of increasing complexity. Limited to eight applicants 
in advance. Two hours class plus laboratory. 

EDCP 625 Counseling the Chemically Dependent (3) 

Chemical dependency and its effects on the individu- 
al's personal, social, and work functioning. Counsel- 
ing procedures for persons with drug and alcohol 
problems. 

EDCP 627 Process Consultation (3) 

Prerequisite: graduate course in group process. 
Study of case consultation, systems consultation, 
mental health consultation and the professional "s role 
in systems intervention strategies. 

EDCP 632 Cognitive Assessment (3) 

Prerequisite: Limited to school psychology students 
or permission of department. Assessment of cogni- 
tive functioning of children and adolescents in refer- 
ence to school learning and behavior problems. 
Administering, scoring and interpreting cognitive as- 
sessment instruments commonly used in school sys- 
tems. 



318 EDCP - Education Counseling and Personnel Services 



EDCP 633 Diagnostic Appraisal of 
Children I (3) 

Prerequisite: EDCP 726. Corequisite: EDCP 738. 
Assessment of development, emotional and learning 
problems of children. 

EDCP 634 Diagnostic Appraisal of 
Children II (3) 

Prerequisite: EDCP 633. Corequisite: EDCP 738. 
Assessment of development, emotional, and learning 
problems of children. 

EDCP 635 School Consultation 1(3) 

Prerequisite: limited to school psychology students 
or permission of instructor. Theory and practice of 
consultation services in the school setting. Under- 
standing of school culture. Introduction to problem 
solving model of case consultation for assessment 
and remediation of learning and behavior problems in 
the classroom. Practicum experience. 

EDCP 636 School Consultation II (3) 

Prerequisites: EDCP 635. limited to school psychol- 
ogy students or permission of instructor. Didactic 
practicum in consultation services in the school set- 
ting. Case consultation and organizational consulta- 
tion in the schools. Practicum experience. 

EDCP 655 Organization and Administration of 
Personnel Services (2) 

Prerequisite: EDCP 619 or permission of depart- 
ment. Exploration of personnel services programs 
and implementing personnel services practices. 

EDCP 656 Counseling and Personnel Services 
Seminar (2) 

Examination of issues that bear on professional issues 
such as ethics, interprofessional relationships and re- 
search. 

EDCP 662 Medical Aspects of Disability (3) 

Prerequisite: EDCP 610 or equivalent. Appraisal of 
medical aspects in rehabilitation; nature, cause, treat- 
ment, limitations, prognosis of most common disabil- 
ities; medical terminology; role of the medical 
specialities. 

EDCP 663 Rehabilitation in Long-Term Mental 
Disabilities (3) 

Prerequisite: EDCP 610 or permission of depart- 
ment. Principles and practices of rehabilitation coun- 
seling as applied to persons with long-term mental 
disabilitites. Functional assessment; development of 
vocational, psychosocial, and independent living 
skills; environmental modification; coordination of 
resources; program development and evaluation. 



EDCP 664 Vocational Evaluation (3) 

Principles and strategies for the vocational assess- 
ment of adult disabled persons. Administration and 
interpretation of relevant measures. 

EDCP 665 Family and Social Support Systems (3) 

Recommended: EDCP 610. Principles and methods 
useful for understanding the role of family support 
systems in counseling. Specialized skills for counsel- 
ing impaired adults and their families. 

EDCP 668 Special Topics in Rehabilitation (1-6) 

Prerequisite: permission of department. Repeatable 
to 6 credits if content differs. 

EDCP 681 Counseling Adults in the Workplace (3) 

Needs and entitlements of employees over the life 
span and the changing responsibilities of the work- 
place in meeting these needs. Role of counselors in 
helping employees and organizations to address these 
issues. 

EDCP 715 Appraisal Measures in Counseling (3) 

Prerequisites: EDCP 615 and EDMS 646 or their 
equivalents. Interpretation and utilization in counsel- 
ing of the career interest and personality measures. 

EDCP 716 Advanced Counseling Theory Seminar (3) 

Prerequisite: Master's degree in counseling or per- 
mission of department. Systematic investigation of 
methods of theory analysis and their application to 
counseling theory. 

EDCP 717 Evaluation of Research in Counseling (3) 

Prerequisite: permission of department. Research on 
process and outcome in counseling. A review of re- 
search and appropriate research methodologies. 

EDCP 718 Advanced Seminar in Group 

Processes (2-6) 
Prerequisite: EDCP 626. Repeatable to 6 credits. 

EDCP 735 Seminar in Rehabilitation Counseling (3) 
Part of the core curriculum for rehabilitation counse- 
lors. Designed to provide the advanced rehabilitation 
counseling student with a formal seminar to discuss, 
evaluate and attempt to reach personal resolution re- 
garding pertinent professional problems and issues in 
the field. 

EDCP 738 Practicum in Child Assessment (1-6) 
Corequisite: EDCP 633 or EDCP 634. Repeatable to 
6 credits. Administration of complete test batteries to 
children; supervision of initial interviews; test admin- 
istration and scoring; interpretation and synthesis of 
test battery and interview material; the psychological 
report; verbal interpretation of test results; and rec- 
ommendations. Taken initially with EDCP 633; re- 
peated with EDCP 634 in the subsequent semester. 



EDHD - Education, Human Development 319 



EDCP 740 Issiiin and Methods in Counselor 

Education (3) 
Doctoral standing. ( !ompetencies, current issues, and 
methods in the pre service and continuing education 
of counselors. 

EDCP 745 Supervision of Counseling (3) 
Prerequisite: permission of department Open todoc 
toral students only For I.IK T majors only. Survey 
of knowledge base, research approaches, and applied 
skills in supervision ol counseling. 

EDCP 771 The College Student (3) 
A demographic stud) of the characteristics of college 
students as well as a study of their aspirations, values, 
and purposes. 

EDCP 775 Facilitating Student Learning in Higher 
Education (3) 

Prerequisite: EDCP 771 or permission of depart- 
ment. Doctoral standing. Application of selected 
models of college student development, learning 
styles, and related models of instruction to the assess- 
ment of characteristics and the design of learning en- 
vironments. 

EDCP 776 Modification of Human Behavior: 
Laboratory and Practicum (3) 

Prerequisite: permission of department. Individual 
and group supervised introduction to intake and 
counseling relationships. 

EDCP 777 Modification of Human Behavior: 
Laboratory and Practicum (3) 

Prerequisites: EDCP 776 and permission of depart- 
ment. Continuation of EDCP 776. Further experience 
under direct supervision of more varied forms of 
counseling relationships. 

EDCP 778 Research Proposal Seminar (3) 

The development of thesis, dissertation or other re- 
search proposals. 

EDCP 788 Advanced Practicum (1-6) 

Prerequisites: previous practicum experience and 
permission of department. Individual supervision in 
one of the following areas: (a) individual counseling, 
(b) group counseling, (c) consultation, or (d) admin- 
istration. 

EDCP 789 Advanced Topics in Counseling and 

Personnel Services (1-6) 
Repeatable to 6 credits. 

EDCP 794 Gender-Related Issues in Counseling (3) 

The implications of gender roles and conflicts on the 
counseling process: philosophical, clinical, and re- 
search issues. 



FIX T 79X Special Problems in ( lounseling and 
Personnel Services I 1-6) 

Master's AGS, or doctoral candidates who desire to 

pursue special research problems under the direction 
of their advisers may register for credit under this 
number. 

EDCP 799 Master's Thesis Research (1-6) 
Registration required to the extent of six hours for 
Master's thesis. 

EDCP 888 Apprenticeship in Counseling and 

Personnel Services (1-8) 
Prerequisite: permission of department. Apprentice 
practice under professional supervision in an area of 
competence compatible with the student's profes- 
sional goals. Credit not to be granted for experience 
accrued prior to registration. Open only to degree- 
and certificate-seeking graduate students. 

EDCP 889 Internship in Counseling and Personnel 

Services (3-8) 
Prerequisite: permission of department. Internship 
experiences at a professional level of competence in 
a particular role with appropriate supervision. Credit 
not to be granted for experience accrued prior to reg- 
istration. Open only to students advanced to candida- 
cy for doctoral degree. 

EDCP 899 Doctoral Dissertation Research (1-8) 
Registration required to the extent of 12-18 hours for 
a Ph.D. Dissertation. 

EDHD - Education, Human 
Development 

EDHD 400 Introduction to Gerontology (3) 

Multidisciplinary survey of the processes of aging. 
Physiological changes, cultural forces, and self-pro- 
cesses that bear on quality of life in later years. Field 
study of programs, institutions for elderly, individual 
elders, their families and care providers. 

EDHD 411 Child Growth and Development (3) 

Theoretical approaches to and empirical studies of 
physical, psychological and social development from 
conception to puberty. Implications for home, school 
and community. 

EDHD 413 Adolescent Development (3) 

Adolescent development, including special problems 
encountered in contemporary culture. Observational 
component and individual case study. Does not satis- 
fy requirement for professional teacher education 
program. 



320 EDHD - Education, Human Development 



EDHD 416 Scientific Concepts in Human 
Development (3) 

Guided reading and observation of students through 
the school year. Impact of family, school, society, and 
peer group on individual. Analysis of field data in 
terms of behavioral patterns. 

EDHD 417 Laboratory in Behavior Analysis (3) 

Prerequisite: EDHD 416. Continuation of analysis of 
field observations; emphasis on cognitive processes, 
motivation, self-concept, attitudes and values. 

EDHD 419 Human Development and Learning in 
School Settings (3) 

Prerequisite: permission of department. Repeatable 
to 6 credits if content differs. Advanced study of hu- 
man development and learning in different phases of 
school program over a period of time. 

EDHD 420 Cognitive Development and Learning (3) 

Prerequisite: EDHD 300 or EDHD 320 or EDHD 
411 or PSYC 355 or PSYC 341 or permission of de- 
partment. Current developmental theories of cogni- 
tive processes such as language, memory, and 
intelligence and how differences in cognitive level 
(infancy through adolescence) mediate learning of 
educational subject matters. 

EDHD 445 Guidance of Young Children (3) 

Prerequisite: PSYC 100 or EDHD 306 or permission 
of department. Practical aspects for helping and 
working with children, drawing on research, clinical 
studies, and observation. Implications for day care 
and other public issues. 

EDHD 460 Educational Psychology (3) 

Prerequisite: PSYC 100 or EDHD 306 or permission 
of department. Application of psychology to learning 
processes and theories. Individual differences, mea- 
surement, motivation, emotions, intelligence, atti- 
tudes, problem solving, thinking and communicating 
in educational settings. (May not be substituted for 
EDHD 300 by students in professional teacher educa- 
tion programs.) 

EDHD 489 Field Experiences in Education (1-4) 
Prerequisite: permission of department. Repeatable 
to 4 credits. Planned field experience in education-re- 
lated activities. Credit not to be granted for experi- 
ences accrued prior to registration. 

EDHD 498 Special Problems in Education (1-3) 
Prerequisite: permission of department. Available 
only to students who have definite plans for individ- 
ual study of approved problems. 

EDHD 499 Workshops, Clinics, and Institutes (1-6) 

Repeatable to 6 credits. The following type of educa- 
tional enterprise may be scheduled under this course 



heading: workshops conducted by the College of Ed- 
ucation (or developed cooperatively with other col- 
leges and universities) and not otherwise covered in 
the present course listing; clinical experiences in pu- 
pil-testing centers, reading clinics, speech therapy 
laboratories, and special education centers; institutes 
developed around specific topics or problems and in- 
tended for designated groups such as school superin- 
tendents, principals and supervisors. 

EDHD 600 Introduction to Human Development and 
Child Study (3) 

An overview of the multidisciplinary, scientific prin- 
ciples which describe human development and be- 
havior and an application of these principles in an 
analysis of a behavioral record. Techniques of obser- 
vation, recording, and analysis of human behavior. 
Emphasis on critiquing and applying research find- 
ings. 

EDHD 601 Biological Bases of Behavior (3) 

Pre- or corequisite: EDHD 600. Emphasizes that un- 
derstanding of human life, growth and behavior de- 
pendson understanding physical processes. 
Application throughout is made to brain-behavior re- 
lationships and implications for understanding and 
working with people. 

EDHD 602 Social Bases of Behavior (3) 

The social forces and expectations that influence be- 
havior from infancy through old age and death. The 
effects of ethnicity, social learning values, attitudes, 
historical events and mass media on perception and 
behavior in societal interactions. 

EDHD 603 Integrative Bases of Behavior (3) 

Prerequisites: EDHD 600 or equivalent: and EDHD 
601 ; and EDHD 602. Analyzes the organized and in- 
tegrated pattern of feeling, thinking and behaving 
which emerges from the interaction of basic biologi- 
cal drives and potentials with one's unique experi- 
ence growing up in a social group. 

EDHD 610 Physiological Aspects of Aging (3) 
Prerequisite: EDHD 601: and (ZOOL 201 or ZOOL 

202 or equivalent) or permission of department. 
Physiological changes with advancing age including 
cells and tissues; metabolism; homeostasis; and sen- 
sorium, with implications with respect to coping with 
these changes. 

EDHD 613 Advanced Laboratory in Behavior 
Analysis I (3) 

First of a three-hour sequence in the study of behav- 
ior. Analysis focuses upon the major forces which 
shape the development and learning of children and 
youth. 



EDHD - Education, Human Development 321 



EDHD 615 Advanced Laboratory in Behavior 

Analysis ll (3) 
Prerequisite EDHD 613 or equivalent. Second ol .i 
(hive course sequence in the behavior analysis ol 
children and youth focusing on self-developmental 
and self-adjustive processes. 

I- Dill) 619 Advanced Scientific Concepts in Human 

Development (3) 
Repeatable to 6 credits if content differs. A critical 
examination of concepts and issues in contemporary 
culture as these relate to the development and learn- 
ing of children and youth. 

EDHD 620 Aging in the Cultural Context (3) 

The factors and forces that affect life quality in the 
late years. Identification of economic, social and gov- 
ernmental influences in the cultural context that en- 
hance or impede continued growth of the person. 
Individual projects involving direct field experience. 

EDHD 630 Cognitive Processes During Aging (3) 

Cognitive functioning of the aged. The roles of cul- 
tural, environmental and affectional variables as they 
contribute to the healthy functioning of cognitive pro- 
cesses. On-site field trips. 

EDHD 640 The Adult Learner (3) 

Changes in adult learning/cognitive processes and 
factors that may affect an individual's selection and 
performance of learning tasks; includes discussion of 
both theoretical issues and proposed applications of 
research on adult learning. 

EDHD 659 Direct Study oflndividuals (3) 

Observational techniques to record the behavior of an 
individual. Procedures to ensure objectivity in data 
collection. Methods used to analyze, categorize, 
quantify observational data in research. 

EDHD 692 Cognitive Basis of Instruction (3) 

Prerequisite: permission of department. Psychologi- 
cal and educational research literature on human cog- 
nition, especially as applied to learning and teaching 
in classroom settings. 

EDHD 700 Infant Development (3) 

An examination of recent research findings in physi- 
cal, social, emotional and language development dur- 
ing infancy. A review of prenatal and perinatal 
factors in relation to their influence on later develop- 
ment. 

EDHD 701 Training the Parent Educator (3) 

Recommended: course in child development. History, 
philosophy, and ethics of parent education, and ex- 
amination of issues critical to the design, implemen- 
tation, and evaluation of parent education programs. 
Training in communication and leadership skills. 



EDHD 7io Affectional Relationships and Processes 

in Human Development (3) 
I'rc- or corequisite: I Dili) ooo or equivalent. The 

normal development, expression and influence ol 
love in infancy, childhood, adolescence and adult- 
hood. The influence of parent-child relationship in- 
volving normal acceptance, neglect, rejection, 
inconsistency, and over-protection upon health, 
learning, emotional behavior and personality adjust- 
ment and development. 

EDHD 711 Peer-Culture and Croup Processes in 
Human Development (3) 

Pre- or corequisite: EDHD 600 or equivalent. The 
process of group formation, role-taking and status- 
winning, and the emergence of the peer-culture dur- 
ing childhood and the evolution of the child society at 
different maturity levels to adulthood. The develop- 
mental tasks and adjustment problems associated 
with winning, belonging, and playing roles in the peer 
group. 

EDHD 721 Learning Theory and the Educative 

Process I (3) 
Major theories, issues and research in learning and 
cognitive development. Emphasis on the application 
of these theories to education and the helping profes- 
sions. 

EDHD 722 Learning Theory and the Educative 
Process II (3) 

Prerequisite: EDHD 721 or permission of depart- 
ment. Advanced study of theories, issues and research 
in several categories of cognition and learning ap- 
plied to education and the helping professions. 

EDHD 730 Eield Program in Child Study 1(3) 
Prerequisite: permission of department. Introductory 
training and apprenticeship preparing persons to be- 
come staff members in human development work- 
shops, consultants in child study field programs and 
coordinators of municipal or regional child study pro- 
grams for teachers or parents. Extensive field experi- 
ence is provided. In general, open only to persons 
who have passed their preliminary examinations for 
the doctorate with a major in human development or 
psychology. 

EDHD 740 Theories of Conflict Resolution in Human 
Development (3) 

Prerequisite: permission of department. Psychologi- 
cal and sociological theories regarding the nature of 
human conflict and its resolution and research regard- 
ing bargaining and negotiation techniques. Applica- 
tions to students' professional work. 



322 EDHD - Education, Human Development 



EDHD 741 Conflict Resolution in Divorce 
Settlement (3) 

Prerequisite: permission of department. Conflict res- 
olution and negotiation techniques to the divorce set- 
tlement process. Neutral third party negotiation in 
conjunction with legal professionals in resolving is- 
sues of child custody and visitation, division of mari- 
tal property, spousal support, and child support. 

EDHD 779 Special Topics in Human 

Development (1-6) 
Prerequisite: permission of department. Repeatable 
to 6 credits if content differs. 

EDHD 780 Research Methods in Human 
Development (3) 

Prerequisite: EDMS 651 or permission of depart- 
ment. Potentials and limitations of empirical observa- 
tion for contributing to human development 
knowledge, locating and evaluating relevant human 
development research, and choosing and applying 
statistical techniques to human development prob- 
lems. 

EDHD 789 Internship in Human Development (3-8) 
Prerequisites: nine credits of human development; 
and permission of department. Repeatable to 9 cred- 
its. Internship experience in one or more human ser- 
vice agencies in the community. 

EDHD 798 Special Problems in Education (1-6) 
Master's, AGS, or doctoral candidates who desire to 
pursue special research problems under the direction 
of their advisors may register for credit under this 
number. 

EDHD 799 Master's Thesis Research (1-6) 

Registration required to the extent of six hours for 
master's thesis. 

EDHD 810 Physical Processes in Human 
Development I (3) 

Prerequisite: EDHD 601 or permission of depart- 
ment. Doctoral core course focused on the biological 
bases of human behavior including physiological pro- 
cesses which have an impact on human development 
and behavior. Emphasis on theoretical perspectives 
and identification of research problems. 

EDHD 811 Physical Processes in Human 
Development II (3) 

Prerequisite: EDHD 810 or permission of depart- 
ment. Advanced doctoral seminar in the biological 
bases of behavior with consideration of selected top- 
ics introduced in EDHD 810. Identification of re- 
search problems and areas of application. 



EDHD 820 Socialization Processes in Human 
Development I (3) 

Prerequisite: EDHD 602 or permission of depart- 
ment. Doctoral core course focused on the socializa- 
tion of human beings. Emphasis on theoretical 
perspectives from sociology, anthropology, and psy- 
chology; examination of the outcomes of socializa- 
tion. 

EDHD 821 Socialization Processes in Human 
Development II (3) 

Prerequisite: EDHD 820 or permission of depart- 
ment. Advanced doctoral seminar on socialization 
and social development with consideration of select- 
ed topics introduced in EDHD 820. Identification of 
research problems and areas of application. 

EDHD 830 Self Processes in Human Development 

K3) 
Prerequisite: EDHD 603 or permission of depart- 
ment. Doctoral core course focused on personality 
theories — their history, constructs, and methods; ex- 
amination of the reciprocal relation between self and 
the social environment; consideration of different 
conceptualization of self-processes and related per- 
sonality research. 

EDHD 831 Self Processes in Human Development 
IK3) 

Prerequisite: EDHD 830 or permission of depart- 
ment. Advanced doctoral seminar on current theoret- 
ical perspectives in self-processes, with consideration 
of selected topics introduced in EDHD 830. Identifi- 
cation of research problems and areas of application. 

EDHD 835 The Development of Achievement 
Motivation (3) 

Prerequisites: {EDHD 830 or EDHD 721} or permis- 
sion of department. Development of achievement 
motivation and how it relates to academic achieve- 
ment during the elementary and secondary school 
years. Expectancy-value theory, attribution theory, 
self-efficacy theory, socialization of achievement 
motivation. 

EDHD 860 Synthesis of Human Development 
Concepts (3) 

Prerequisites: EDHD 810: and EDHD 820: and 
EDHD 830. A seminar for advanced students who 
work toward a synthesis of their own concepts in hu- 
man growth and development. Emphasis on seeing 
the dynamic interrelations among all processes in the 
behavior and development of an individual. 

EDHD 878 Team Research in Human 

Development (3) 
Pre- or corequisite: EDMS 651 or permission of de- 
partment. Repeatable to 6 credits. Current research 



EDMS - Measurement, Statistics, and Evaluation 



323 



literature in human development. Definition of a re- 
search problem. Design and implemention of a re- 
search study in collaboration with faculty, with 
completed project presented to colloquium of faculty/ 
students. Musi be taken in consecutive fall and spring 

[onus. 

F.DHD884 Laboratory in Emotional 

l)c\clopment (3) 
Prerequisite: EDHD 811 or permission oj depart- 
ment. Techniques for measuring emotions in a labo- 
ratory setting, including electroencephalography, 
heart rale measurement, and facial and vocal behavior 
analysis. For students engaged in research on emo- 
tional development of infants and young children. 

EDHD 888 Apprenticeship in Education (1-8) 

Prerequisite: permission of department. Apprentice 
practice under professional supervision in an area of 
competence compatible with the student's profes- 
sional goals. Credit not to be granted for experience 
accrued prior to registration. Open only to degree- 
and certificate-seeking graduate students. 

EDHD 889 Internship in Education (3-8) 
Prerequisite: permission of department. Internship 
experiences at a professional level of competence in 
a particular role with appropriate supervision. Credit 
not to be granted for experience accrued prior to reg- 
istration. Open only to students advanced to candida- 
cy for doctoral degree. 

EDHD 899 Doctoral Dissertation Research (1-8) 

Registration required to the extent of 6-9 hours for an 
Ed.D. project and 12-18 hours for a Ph.D. disserta- 
tion. 

EDMS - Measurement, Statistics, 
and Evaluation 

EDMS 410 Classroom Assessment (3) 

Junior standing. Developing and using classroom as- 
sessments, including tests, performanceassessments, 
rating scales, portfolios, observations and oral inter- 
actions; basic psychometric statistics; standard set- 
ting; grading; communicating assessment 
information; testing ethics; locating and evaluating 
measures; program evaluation and classroom re- 
search; assessments used for educational policy deci- 
sions. 

EDMS 451 Introduction to Educational Statistics (3) 

Junior standing. Introduction to statistical reasoning; 
location and dispersion measures; computer applica- 
tions; regression and correlation; formation of hy- 
potheses tests; t-test; one-way analysis of variance; 
analysis of contingency tables. 



EDMS 4(>5 Algorithmic Methods in Educational 

Research (3) 
Prerequisite EDMS 451 oi equivalent. Use "I the 

computer as a tool in educational research. Instruc- 
tion in a basic scientific computer source language as 
well as practical experience in program writing tor 
solving statistical and educational research problems. 

EDMS 489 Field Experiences in Measurement and 

Statistics (1-4) 
Prerequisite: permission q) department Repeatahle 
to 4 credits. Planned field experience in education-re- 
lated activities. Credit not to be granted for experi- 
ences accrued prior to registration. 

EDMS 498 Special Problems in Measurement and 

Statistics (1-3) 
Prerequisite: permission of department. Repeatahle 
to 6 credits. Available only to education majors who 
have formal plans for individual study of approved 
problems. 

EDMS 622 Theory and Practice of Standardized 

Testing (3) 
Prerequisite: EDMS 451: or EDMS 645. Principles of 
interpretation and evaluation of aptitude, achieve- 
ment, and personal-social instruments; theory of reli- 
ability and validity; prediction and classification; 
norm- and criterion-referenced testing concepts. 

EDMS 623 Applied Measurement: Issues and 
Practices (3) 

Prerequisite: EDMS 651 or permission of depart- 
ment. Measurement theory and its application at an 
intermediate level; test development, validation and 
interpretation; issues and recent developments in 
measurement. 

EDMS 626 Measurement Techniques For 
Research (3) 

Prerequisite: EDMS 646. Theory, development and 
applications of various measurement instruments and 
procedures. Questionnaires, interviews, rating scales, 
attitude scales, observational procedures, ecological 
approaches. Q-sort. semantic-differential, sociometry 
and other techniques. 

EDMS 635 Computer-Based Measurement (3) 

Prerequisite: EDMS 651 : and EDMS 623. Theory 
and technological developments in computer-based 
measurement, including computer adaptive testing, 
instructional testing, item banking, applications to 
non-cognitive measures, as well as comparisons to 
traditional methods. 

EDMS 645 Quantitative Research Methods I (3) 

Research design and statistical applications in educa- 
tional research: data representation; descriptive sta- 



324 EDMS - Measurement, Statistics, and Evaluation 



tistics; estimation and hypothesis testing. Application 
of statistical computer packages is emphasized. 

EDMS 646 Quantitative Research Methods II (3) 
Prerequisite: EDMS 645. A second level inferential 
statistics course with emphasis on analysis of vari- 
ance procedures and designs. Assignments include 
student analysis of survey data. Application of statis- 
tical computer packages is emphasized. 

EDMS 647 Introduction to Program Evaluation (3) 

Prerequisite: EDMS 645. Overview of the program 
evaluation process; problems encountered in the 
practice of program evaluation. 

EDMS 651 Intermediate Statistics in Education (3) 

Prerequisite: EDMS 646 or equivalent. Multi-way 
analysis of variance; analysis of covariance; multiple 
regression and correlation analysis; computer pack- 
ages for statistical analysis. 

EDMS 653 Correlation and Regression Analysis (3) 

Prerequisite: EDMS 651 . Systematic development of 
multiple regression, non-linear regression and other 
regression-based methods. Emphasis is on underly- 
ing theory of procedures and on analytical approach- 



EDMS 657 Factor Analysis (3) 

Prerequisite: EDMS 65 J . Development of models for 
factor analysis and their practical applications. Treat- 
ment of factor extraction, rotation, second-order fac- 
tor analysis, and factor scores. Introduction to linear 
structural relations models. 

EDMS 722 Structural Modeling (3) 

Prerequisite: EDMS 657. Statistical theory and meth- 
ods of estimation used in structural modeling; appli- 
cations with several different computer programs; 
analysis of current methodological research litera- 
ture. 

EDMS 723 Latent Structure Models (3) 

Prerequisites: EDMS 623; and EDMS 651. Theoreti- 
cal development and application of latent class mod- 
els. 

EDMS 724 Modern Measurement Theory (3) 

Prerequisites: EDMS 623; and EDMS 651 . Theoreti- 
cal formulations of measurement from a latent trait 
theory perspective. 

EDMS 738 Seminar in Special Problems in 

Measurement (1-3) 
Prerequisite: permission of department. Repeatahle 
to 3 credits. An opportunity for students with special 
interests to focus in depth on contemporary topics in 
measurement. Topics to be announced, but will typi- 



cally be related to applied and theoretical measure- 
ment. 

EDMS 747 Design of Program Evaluations (3) 

Prerequisites: EDMS 626; and EDMS 647; and 
EDMS 651 or permission of both department and in- 
structor. Analysis of measurement and design prob- 
lems in program evaluations. 

EDMS 769 Special Topics in Applied Statistics in 

Education (1-4) 
Prerequisite: permission of department. Designed 
primarily for students majoring or minoring in mea- 
surement, statistics or evaluation. 

EDMS 771 Multivariate Experimental Design (3) 

Prerequisite: EDMS 646. Major types of statistical 
designs; application of multivariate statistical tech- 
niques; introduction to log linear models. 

EDMS 779 Seminar in Applied Statistics (1-3) 
Prerequisite: Permission of department. For EDMS 
majors only. Repeatahle to 3 credits if content differs. 
Enrollment restricted to students with a major or mi- 
nor in measurement, statistics or evaluation. Seminar 
topics will be chosen by individual student interest. 

EDMS 780 Research Methods and Materials (3) 

Prerequisite: EDMS 651 . Issues in research including 
problems and hypotheses, variable definition, design 
principles, ethics, generalizability, sampling, and 
power analysis; writing and criticizing research re- 
ports. 

EDMS 798 Special Problems in Education (1-6) 

Master's, AGS, or doctoral candidates who desire to 
pursue special research problems under the direction 
of their advisors may register for credit under this 
number. 

EDMS 799 Master's Thesis Research (1-6) 
Registration required to the extent of 6 credits. 

EDMS 879 Doctoral Seminar (1-3) 
Prerequisite: permission of department. Analysis of 
doctoral projects and theses, and of other on-going re- 
search projects. Doctoral candidates may participate 
in the seminar during as many university sessions as 
they desire, but may earn no more than three semester 
hours of credit accumulated one hour at a time in the 
seminar. A Ph.D. candidate may repeat to a combined 
maximum of eighteen credits in the seminar and in 
EDMS 899. 

EDMS 889 Internship in Measurement and 
Statistics (3-12) 

Prerequisite: permission of department. Provides in- 
ternship experiences at a professional level of compe- 
tence in a particular role with appropriate 



EDPA - Education Policy, Planning and Administration 325 



supervision. Credit not to be granted for experience 
accrued prioi to registration. Open only to students 
advanced to candidacj for doctoral degree. 

EDMS 899 Doctoral Dissertation Research (1-8) 
Registration required to the extent oj 12 18 credits. 

EDPA - Education Policy, 
Planning and Administration 

KDPA 400 The Future of the Human Community (3) 
Examination of the future of our social and cultural 
institutions loi education and child rearing, social and 
tanii In relationships, health and leisure, information 
exchange, and the provision of food, clothing, and 
shelter. 

EDPA 401 Educational Technology, Policy, and 

Social Change (3) 
Junior standing. Examines technology as a complex 
force which influences social change and the educa- 
tional development of individuals. 

EDPA 440 Educational Media (3) 

Survey of classroom uses of instructional media. 
Techniques for integrating media into instruction. In- 
cludes preparation of a unit of instruction utilizing 
professional and teacher produced media. 

EDPA 488 Special Topics in Education Policy and 

Administration (1-3) 
Prerequisite: permission of department. Repeatable 
to 6 credits. Special and intensive treatment of cur- 
rent topics and issues in education policy and admin- 
istration. 

EDPA 489 Field Experiences in Education (1-4) 
Prerequisite: permission of department. Planned 
field experience in education-related activities. Cred- 
it not to be granted for experiences accrued prior to 
registration. 

EDPA 498 Special Problems in Education (1-3) 
Prerequisite: permission of department. Available 
only to students who have definite plans for individ- 
ual study of approved problems. 

EDPA 499 Workshops, Clinics, and Institutes (1-6) 
Repeatable to 6 credits. The following type of educa- 
tional enterprise may be scheduled under this course 
heading: Workshops conducted by the College of Ed- 
ucation (or developed cooperatively with other col- 
leges and universities) and not otherwise covered in 
the present course listing; clinical experiences in pu- 
pil-testing centers, reading clinics, speech therapy 
laboratories, and special education centers: institutes 
developed around specific topics or problems and in- 



tended for designated groups such as school superin- 
tendents, principals and supervisors. 

EDPA 601 Contemporary Social Issues in 
Education (3) 

Theoretical and practical consideration of vital social 
issues currently affecting education. 

EDPA 605 Comparative Education (3) 

Analyzes and compares leading issues in education in 
various countries of the world, particularly as they re- 
late to crucial problems in American education. 

EDPA 610 History of Western Education (3) 

Educational institutions through the ancient, medi- 
eval and early modern periods in western civilization, 
as seen against a background of socio-economic de- 
velopment. 

EDPA 611 History of Education in the United 

States (3) 
A study of the origins and development of education 
in the United States, emphasizing the variety of inter- 
pretive and methodological concerns that define the 
field. 

EDPA 612 Philosophy of Education (3) 

A study of the great educational philosophers and 
systems of thought affecting the development of 
modern education, with particular emphasis on recent 
scholarship on philosophical problems in education. 

EDPA 613 Educational Sociology (3) 

The sociological study of education as an evolving set 
of methods and procedures, and body of knowledge. 
Focuses on several major theoretical perspectives 
used by sociologists studying education. 

EDPA 614 Politics of Education (3) 

Educational institutions as political entities with an 
emphasis on their relationships with federal, state, 
and local governments as well as with interest groups. 
The application of competing models of the political 
process to the passing of laws, development of bud- 
gets, and the control of the formulation, implementa- 
tion, and evaluation of education policies. 

EDPA 620 Education Policy Analysis (3) 

Policy making in education from planning to evalua- 
tion with emphasis on the identification of policy 
problems and the resources available to analysts 
through multi-disciplinary approaches. An introduc- 
tory experience with education policy analysis. 

EDPA 621 Decision Making and Education Policy (3) 

Organizational decision processes and policy forma- 
tion within educational organizations — schools, col- 
leges, universities, government agencies and 
industry. 



326 EDPA - Education Policy, Planning and Administration 



EDPA 622 Education Policy, Values, and Social 
Change (3) 

Examination of relationships among educational pol- 
icy, values, and social change. Roles of educational 
organizations and institutional change in such social 
issues as equity and cultural diversity . 

EDPA 623 Education Policy and Theories of 
Change (3) 

The work of change theorists in history, economics, 
political science, philosophy, sociology and anthro- 
pology as it impinges upon education policy. 

EDPA 625 Federal Education Polio (3) 

Federal involvement in education in the United States 
from 1780 to the present, emphasizing the effects of 
legislation, court decisions, agencies, and presiden- 
tial initiatives on the distribution of education oppor- 
tunities. 

EDPA 626 Education Policy and the Young (3) 

The systematic exploration of education policy as it 
has organized, reflected and influenced the lives of 
children, youth, and families, with particular empha- 
sis on American policies and systems. 

EDPA 627 Education Policy: An International 
Perspective (3) 

An analysis of education policy issues in various 
parts of the world. Comparisons with the United 
States. Teachers' organizations and citizen participa- 
tion in policy determination. Ethnic and racial group 
pressures and attempts to control education policy. 

EDPA 634 The School Curriculum (3) 

A foundations course embracing the curriculum as a 
whole from early childhood through adolescence, in- 
cluding a review of historical developments, an anal- 
ysis of conditions affecting curriculum change, an 
examination of issues in curriculum making, and a 
consideration of current trends in curriculum design. 

EDPA 635 Principles of Curriculum Development (3) 

Curriculum planning, improvement, and evaluation 
in the schools; principles for the selection and organi- 
zation of the content and learning experiences; ways 
of working in classroom and school on curriculum 
improvement. 

EDPA 636 Communication and the School 
Curriculum (3) 

Curriculum development based on communication as 
the major vehicle for describing the learner's interac- 
tions with persons, knowledge, and materials in the 
classroom and school environment. (Listed also as 
EDEL636.) 



EDPA 640 Introduction to Educational 
Administration (3) 

Analysis of the emerging role of educational admin- 
istrators in the social, political and legal contexts of 
schools. The role of technology to facilitate manage- 
ment decision-making. 

EDPA 641 Planning and Goal Setting In Educational 
Organizations (3) 

Essential aspects of planning for educational organi- 
zations addressed through case studies in instruction- 
al programming, community involvement, fiscal and 
physical planning. 

EDPA 642 Management of Change in Educational 

Organizations (3) 
Role of individual as a change agent; issues related to 
effecting change within organizational sub-systems 
and total systems are considered. Specific strategies 
for successful change in schools are addressed. 

EDPA 643 Management of Human Resources In 
Education (3) 

Fundamental issues related to the management of hu- 
man resources. Strategies for managing human re- 
sources: ethical issues confronting managers; 
personnel and collective bargaining. 

EDPA 645 Managing Instructional Improvement (3) 
Prerequisite: EDPA 640 and EDPA 641. Develop- 
ment of knowledge and skills in the use of data bases 
to improve instruction. 

ED