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Full text of "The Graduate School announcements"

Digitized by the Internet Archive 

in 2010 with funding from 

Lyrasis Members and Sloan Foundation 



http://www.archive.org/details/graduateschoolan1939univ 



UNIVERSITY OF MARYLAND 

Official Publication 



Vol. 36 



March, 1939 



No. 3 



THE GRADUATE 
SCHOOL 




ANNOUNCEMENTS 

1939 - 1940 

COLLEGE PARK, MARYLAND 



THE UNIVERSITY 

of 

MARYLAND 

THE GRADUATE SCHOOL 
ANNOUNCEMENTS 

FOR THE SESSIONS OF 

1939-1940 




Issued monthly by the University of Maryland at College Park, Md. Entered as 
second-class matter, under Act of Congress of July 16, 1894, 



TABLE OF CONTENTS 

Page 

Calendar, 1939-1940 4 

Board of Regents 5 

Administration Officers 6 

The Graduate School Council 6 

General Information 7 

History and Organization 7 

Location 7 

Libraries 7 

Graduate Club 7 

General Regulations 7 

Admission to Graduate School 7 

Registration 8 

Graduate Courses 8 

Program of Work 8 

Summer Graduate Work 9 

Graduate Work in Professional Schools at Baltimore 9 

Graduate Work by Seniors in this University 9 

Admission to Candidacy for Advanced Degrees 9 

Requirements for the Degrees of Master of Arts and Master of Science 10 

Requirements for the Degree of Doctor of Philosophy 11 

Rules Governing Language Examinations for Doctor of Philosophy 

Candidates 12 

Graduate Fees 13 

Fellowships and Assistantships 13 

Commencement 14 

Description of Courses 15 

Index 94 



CALENDAR 

1939 - 1940 



1939 



First Semester 



Sept. 15-16 Friday-Saturday 
Sept. 18 Monday, 8:20 a. m. 
Oct. 4 Wednesday 



Nov. 29 




Wednesday, 5:10 p. m, 


Dec. 4 




Monday, 8:20 a. m. 


Dec. 15 




Friday, 5:10 p. m. 


1940 






Jan. 2 




Tuesday, 8:20 a. m. 


Jan. 18- 


2fi 


Thursday-Friday 


Jan. 20 




Saturday 



Complete registration. 

Instruction for first semester begins. 

Modern language examinations for 
Ph. D. requirement. 

Last day to file applications for admis- 
sion to candidacy for Doctor's degree 
at Commencement of 1940. 

Thanksgiving recess begins. 

Thanksgiving recess ends. 

Christmas recess begins. 

Christmas recess ends. 
First semester examinations. 
Charter Day. Alumni and Faculty 
Banquet. 



Second Semester 



Jan. 24-31 
Feb. 1 



Feb. 7 



Wednesday- Wednesday 
Thursday, 8:20 a.m. 



Wednesday 



Feb. 22 Thursday 

March 21 Thursday, 5:10 p. m. 

March 26 Tuesday, 8:20 a. m. 

May 11 Saturday 

May 18 Saturday 



May 21-29 
May 26 
May 30 
May 31 
June 1 
June 5 



Tuesday- Wednesday 

Sunday, 11:00 a. m. 

Thursday 

Friday 

Saturday 

Wednesday 



Registration for second semester. 

Instruction for second semester begins. 

Last day to file applications for admis- 
sion to candidacy for the Master's 
degree at Commencement of 1940. 

Modern language examinations for 
Ph.D. requirement. 

Washington's Birthday. Holiday. 

Easter recess begins. 

Easter recess ends. 

Last day to deposit Doctor's thesis in 
office of Graduate School. 

Last day to deposit Master's thesis in 
office of Graduate School. 

Second semester examinations. 

Baccalaureate sermon. 

Memorial Day. Holiday. 

Class Day. 

Commencement. 

Modern language examinations for 
Ph.D. requirement. 



June 24 
Aug. 2 



Monday 
Friday 



Summer Term 



Summer session begins. 
Summer session ends. 



BOARD OF REGENTS 



Term Expires 



W. W. Skinner, Chairman . . 1945 

Kensington, Montgomery County 

Mrs. John L. Whitehurst, Secretary 1938 

4101 Green way, Baltimore 

J. Milton Patterson, Treasurer 1944 

1015 Argonne Drive, Northwood, Baltimore 

W. Calvin Chesnut 1942 

Roland Park, Baltimore 

William P. Cole, Jr. 1940 

Towson, Baltimore County 

Henry Holzapfel, Jr 1943 

Hagerstown, Washington County 

Harry H. Nuttle 1941 

Denton, Caroline County 

John E. Raine 1939 

Towson, Baltimore County 

John E. Semmes 1942 

Baltimore Trust Building, Baltimore 



ADMINISTRATIVE OFFICERS 

H. C. Byrd, LL.D., President of the University. 

C. 0. Appleman, Ph.D., Dean of the Graduate School. 

Elsie Parrett, M. A., Secretary to the Dean.' 

W. S. Small, Ph.D., Director of the Summer School. 

Adele Stamp, M. A., Dean of Women. 

H. T. Casbarian, B. C. S., C. P. A., Comptroller. 

W. M. Hillegeist, Director of Admissions. 

Alma H. Preinkert, M. A., Registrar. 

Carl W. E. Hintz, A. M. L. S., Librarian. 

H. L. Crisp, M. M. E., Superintendent of Buildings and Grounds. 

T. A. Hutton, B. A., Purchasing Agent and Manager of Students' Supply Store 



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THE GRADUATE SCHOOL COUNCIL 

Byrd, LL.D., President of the University. 

Appleman, Ph.D., Dean of the Graduate School, Chairman. 

Broughton, Ph.D., Professor of Chemistry. 

Cory, Ph.D., Professor of Entomology. 

Cotterman, Ph.D., Professor of Agricultural Education. 

Hale, Ph. D., Professor of English. 

Howard, Ph.D., Professor of Political Science. 

James, Ph.D., Professor of Bacteriology. 
DeVoe Meade, Ph.D., Professor of Animal and Dairy Husbandry. 
J. E. Metzger, M. A., Professor of Agronomy. 

M. Marie Mount, M. A., Professor of Home and Institution Management. 
H. J. Patterson, D.Sc, Dean Emeritus of Agriculture. 
W. S. SMALL, Ph.D., Professor of Education. 
T. H. Taliaferro, C. E., Ph.D., Dean of the Faculty. 
A. E. Zucker, Ph.D., Professor of Modern Languages. 
Walter H. Hartung, Ph.D., Professor of Pharmaceutical Chemistry 

(Baltimore). 
Eduard Uhlenhuth, Ph.D., Professor of Gross Anatomy (Baltimore). 



GENERAL INFORMATION 7 

GENERAL INFORMATION 

HISTORY AND ORGANIZATION 

In the earlier years of the institution the Master's degree was frequently- 
conferred, but the work of the graduate students was in charge of the depart- 
ments concerned, under the supervision of the general faculty. The Graduate 
School of the University of Maryland was established in 1918, and organized 
graduate instruction leading to both the Master's and the Doctor's degree was 
undertaken. The faculty of the Graduate School includes all members of the 
various faculties who give instruction in approved graduate courses. The 
general administrative functions of the graduate faculty are delegated to a 
Graduate Council, of which the Dean of the Graduate School is chairman. 

LOCATION 

The University of Maryland is located at College Park, in Prince George's 
County, Maryland, on the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad, eight miles from 
Washington and thirty-two miles from Baltimore. Washington, with its wealth 
of resources, is easily accessible by train, street car and bus. 

The professional schools of Medicine, Nursing, Pharmacy, Dentistry and 
Law are located in Baltimore, at the corner of Lombard and Greene Streets. 

LIBRARIES 

In addition to the resources of the University libraries the great libraries of 
the National Capital are easily available for reference work. Because of the 
proximity of these libraries to College Park they are a valuable asset to research 
and graduate work at the University of Maryland. 

The library building at College Park contains a number of seminar rooms 
and other desirable facilities for graduate work. 

THE GRADUATE CLUB 

The graduate students maintain an active Graduate Club. Several meetings 
for professional and social purposes are held during the year. Students working 
in different departments have an opportunity to become acquainted with one 
another and thus profit by the broad cultural values derived from contacts with 
fellow students working in different fields. 



GENERAL REGULATIONS 

ADMISSION 

Graduates from recognized colleges regarded as standard by the institution 
and by regional or general accrediting agencies are admitted to the Graduate 
School. The applicant shall present an official transcript of his collegiate record 
which for unconditional admission shall show creditable completion of an 
undergraduate major in the subject chosen for specialization in the Graduate 
School. 



8 GENERAL REGULATIONS 

Application blanks for admission to the Graduate School are obtained from 
the office of the Dean. After approval of the application, a matriculation card, 
signed by the Dean, is issued to the student. This card permits one to register 
in the Graduate School. After payment of the fee, the matriculation card is 
stamped and returned. It is the student's certificate of membership in the 
Graduate School, and may be called for at any succeeding registration. 

Admission to the Graduate School does not necessarily imply admission 
to candidacy for an advanced degree. 

REGISTRATION 

All students pursuing graduate work in the University, even though they 
are not candidates for higher degrees, are required to register in the Graduate 
School at the beginning of each semester. Students taking graduate work in 
the summer session are also required to register in the Graduate School at the 
beginning of each session. In no case will graduate credit be given unless the 
student matriculates and registers in the Graduate School. Registration for the 
first semester is held in the Gymnasium-Armory on the date designated in the 
calendar. Students register for the second semester and for the summer session 
in the office of the Dean, T-214, Agriculture Building. The program of work for 
the semester or the summer session is arranged by the student with the major 
department and entered upon two course cards, which are signed first by the 
professor in charge of the student's major subject and then by the Dean of the 
Graduate School. One card is retained by the Dean. The student takes the 
other card, and in case of a new student, also the matriculation card, to the 
Registrar's office, where the registration is completed. Students will not be 
admitted to graduate courses until the Registrar has certified to the instructor 
that registration has been completed. Course cards may be obtained at the 
Registrar's office or at the Dean's office. The heads of departments usually 
keep a supply of these cards in their respective offices. 

GRADUATE COURSES 

Graduate students must elect for credit in partial fulfillment of the require- 
ments for higher degrees only courses designated For Graduates or For Grad- 
uates and Advanced Undergraduates. Graduate students may elect courses 
numbered from 1 to 99 in the general catalogue but graduate credit will not 
be allowed for these. Students with inadequate preparation may be required 
to take some of these courses. No credit toward graduate degrees may be 
obtained by correspondence or extension study. Courses that are audited are 
registered for in the same way, and at the same fees, as other courses. 

PROGRAM OF WORK 

The professor who is selected to direct a student's thesis work is the student's 
adviser in the formulation of a graduate program, including suitable minor work, 
which is arranged in cooperation with the instructors. To encourage thorough- 
ness in scholarship through intensive application, graduate students in the 
regular sessions are limited to a program of thirty credit hours for the year, 
including thesis work, which is valued at not less than six hours. 



GENERAL REGULATIONS 



SUMMER GRADUATE WORK 



Graduate work in the summer session may be counted as residence toward 
an advanced degree. By carrying approximately six semester hours of graduate 
work for four summer sessions at this institution, a student may fulfill the 
residence requirements for the master's degree, provided that the greater part 
of the thesis work can be done under direction during the periods between 
summer sessions. In some instances a fifth summer of residence may be required 
in order that a satisfactory thesis may be completed. 

By special arrangement, graduate work may be pursued during the entire 
summer in some departments. Such students as graduate assistants, or others 
who may wish to supplement work done during the regular year, may satisfy 
one-third of an academic year's residence by full-time graduate work for eleven 
or twelve weeks, provided satisfactory supervision and facilities for summer 
work are available in their special fields. 

The University publishes a special bulletin giving full information concerning 
the summer session and the graduate courses offered therein. The bulletin is 
available upon application to the Registrar of the University. 

GRADUATE WORK IN PROFESSIONAL SCHOOLS AT BALTIMORE 

Graduate courses and opportunities for research are offered in some of the 
professional schools at Baltimore. Students pursuing graduate work in the 
professional schools must register in the Graduate School, and meet the same 
requirements and proceed in the same way, as do graduate students in other 
departments of the University. 

The graduate courses in the professional schools are listed on pages 87-93. 

GRADUATE WORK BY SENIORS IN THIS UNIVERSITY 

Seniors who have completed all their undergraduate courses in this University 
by the end of the first semester, and who continue their residence in the 
University for the remainder of the year, are permitted to register in the 
Graduate School and secure the privileges of its membership, even though the 
bachelor's degree is not conferred until the close of the year. 

A senior of this University who has nearly completed the requirements for 
the undergraduate degree may, with the approval of his undergraduate Dean 
and the Dean of the Graduate School, register in the undergraduate college for 
graduate courses, which may later be transferred for graduate credit toward 
an advanced degree at this University, but the total of undergraduate and 
graduate courses must not exceed fifteen credits for the semester. Graduate 
credits earned during the senior year may not be used to shorten the residence 
period required for advanced degrees. 

ADMISSION TO CANDIDACY FOR ADVANCED DEGREES 

Application for admission to candidacy for the Master's and for the Doctor's 
degree is made on application blanks which are obtained at the office of the Dean 
of the Graduate School. These are filled out in duplicate and after the required 
endorsements are obtained, the applications are acted upon by the Graduate 
Council. An official transcript of the candidate's undergraduate record and any 



10 GENERAL REGULATIONS 

graduate courses completed at other institutions must be filed in the Dean's 
office before the application can be considered. 

Admission to candidacy in no case assures the student of a degree, but 
merely signifies he has met all the formal requirements and is considered by his 
instructors sufficiently prepared and able to pursue such graduate study and 
research as are demanded by the requirements of the degree sought. The 
candidate must show superior scholarship by the type of graduate work already 
completed. 

Application for admission to candidacy is made at the time stated in the 
sections dealing with the requirements for the degree sought. 

REQUIREMENTS FOR THE DEGREES OF MASTER OF ARTS 
AND MASTER OF SCIENCE 

Advancement to Candidacy. Each candidate for the Master's degree is 
required to make application for admission to candidacy not later than the 
date when instruction begins for the second semester of the academic year in 
which the degree is sought, but not until at least twelve semester course hours 
of graduate work have been completed. An average grade of "B" in all major 
and minor subjects is required. 

Minimum Residence. A residence of at least one full academic year, or its 
equivalent, at this institution, is required. 

Course Requirements. A minimum of twenty-four semester hours, exclusive 
of research, with an average "B" grade in courses approved for graduate credit, 
is required for the Master's degree. If the student is inadequately prepared 
for the required graduate courses, either in the major or minor subjects, addi- 
tional courses may be required to supplement the undergraduate work. Of the 
twenty-four hours required in graduate courses, not less than twelve semester 
hours and not more than sixteen semester hours must be earned in the major 
subject. The remaining credits must be outside the major subject and must 
comprise a group of coherent courses intended to supplement and support the 
major work. Not less than one-half of the total required course credits for the 
Master's degree, or a minimum of twelve, must be selected from courses num- 
bered 200 or above. The entire course of study must constitute a unified pro- 
gram approved by the student's major adviser and by the Dean of the Grad- 
uate School. 

Transfer of Credit. Credit, not to exceed six hours, obtained at other rec- 
ognized institutions may be transferred and applied to the course requirements 
of the Master's degree, provided that the work was of graduate character, and 
provided that it is approved for inclusion in the student's graduate program 
at the University of Maryland. This transfer of credit is approved by the 
Graduate Council when the student is admitted to candidacy for the degree. 
Acceptance of the transferred credit does not reduce the minimum residence 
period of one academic year. The candidate is subject to final examination by 
this institution in all work offered for the degree. 

Thesis. In addition to the twenty-four semester hours in graduate courses 
a satisfactory thesis is required of all candidates for the Master's degree. It 
must demonstrate the student's ability to do independent work and it must be 



GENERAL REGULATIONS 11 

acceptable in literary style and composition. It is assumed that the time 
devoted to thesis work will be not less than the equivalent of six semester hours 
earned in graduate courses. With the approval of the student's major professor 
and the Dean of the Graduate School, the thesis in certain cases may be pre- 
pared in absentia under direction and supervision of a member of the faculty 
of this institution. 

The original copy of the thesis must be deposited in the office of the Grad- 
uate School not later than two weeks before commencement. An abstract of 
the contents of the thesis, 200 to 250 words in length, must accompany it. 
A manual giving full directions for the physical make-up of the thesis is in 
the hands of each professor who directs thesis work, and should be consulted by 
the student before the typing of the manuscript is begun. Individual copies of 
this manual may be obtained by the student at the Dean's office at nominal cost. 

Final Examination. The final oral examination is conducted by a com- 
mittee appointed by the Dean of the Graduate School. The student's adviser 
acts as the chairman of the committee. The other members of the committee 
are persons under whom the student has taken most of his major and minor 
courses. The chairman and the candidate are notified of the personnel of the 
examining committee at least one week prior to the period set for oral ex- 
aminations. The chairman of the committee selects the exact time and place 
for the examination and notifies the other members of the committee and the 
candidate. The examination should be conducted within the dates specified 
and a report of the committee sent to the Dean as soon as possible after the 
examination. A special form for this purpose is supplied to the chairman of 
the committee. Such a report is the basis upon which recommendation is 
made to the faculty that the candidate be granted the degree sought. The 
period for the oral examination is usually one hour. 

The examining committee also approves the thesis, and it is the candidate's 
obligation to see that each member of the committee has ample opportunity 
to examine a copy of the thesis prior to the date of the examination. 

A student will not be admitted to final examination until all other require- 
ments for the degree have been met. 



REQUIREMENTS FOR THE DEGREE OF DOCTOR OF PHILOSOPHY 

Advancement to Candidacy. Candidates for the Doctor's degree must be 
admitted to candidacy not later than one academic year prior to the granting 
of the degree. Applications for admission to candidacy for the Doctor's degree 
are filled out by the student and submitted to his major department for further 
action and transmission to the Dean of the Graduate School, not later than the 
first Wednesday in October of the academic year in which the degree is sought. 

The applicant must have obtained from the head of the Modern Language 
Department a statement that he possesses a reading knowledge of French and 
German. Preliminary examinations or such other substantial tests as the de- 
partments may elect are also required for admission to candidacy. 

Residence. Three years of full-time resident graduate study are required. 
The first two of the three years may be spent in other institutions offering 
standard graduate work. On a part-time basis the time needed will be corre- 
spondingly increased. All work at other institutions that is transferred in 



12 GENERAL REGULATIONS 

partial fulfillment of the requirements for the Ph. D. degree is approved by 
the Graduate Council, upon recommendation of the department concerned, 
when the student is admitted to candidacy for the degree. 

The Doctor's degree is not given merely as a certificate of residence and 
work, but is granted only upon sufficient evidence of high attainments in 
scholarship, and ability to carry on independent research in the special field 
in which the major work is done. 

Major and Minor Subjects. The candidate must select a major and one or 
two closely related minor subjects. The minor work required varies from 
twenty-four to thirty hours at the discretion of the department concerned. 
The remainder of the required residence is devoted to intensive study and re- 
search in the major field. The amount of required course work in the major 
subject will vary with the department and the individual candidate. The can- 
didate must register for a minimum of twelve semester hours of research. 

Thesis. The ability to do independent research must be shown by a dis- 
sertation on some topic connected with the major subject. The original type- 
written copy and one clear carbon copy of the thesis, together with an abstract 
of the contents, 200 to 250 words in length, must be deposited in the office of the 
Dean at least three weeks before commencement. One or two extra copies of 
the thesis should be provided for use of members of the examining committee 
prior to the date of the final examination. The thesis is later printed in such 
form as the committee and the Dean may approve and fifty copies are deposited 
in the University library. 

A manual giving full directions for the physical make-up of the thesis is in 
the hands of each professor who directs thesis work, and should be consulted 
by the student before typing of the thesis is begun. Students may obtain 
copies of this manual at the Dean's office, at nominal cost. 

Final Examination. The final oral examination is held before a committee 
appointed by the Dean. One member of this committee is a representative of 
the graduate faculty who is not directly concerned with the student's graduate 
work. One or more members of the committee may be persons from other 
institutions who are distinguished scholars in the student's major field. 

The duration of the examination is approximately three hours, and covers 
the research work of the candidate as embodied in his thesis, and his attain- 
ments in the fields of his major and minor subjects. The other detailed pro- 
cedures are the same as those stated for the Master's examination. 



RULES GOVERNING LANGUAGE EXAMINATIONS FOR CANDIDATES 
FOR THE DEGREE OF DOCTOR OF PHILOSOPHY 

1. A candidate for the Doctor's degree must show in a written examination 
that he possesses a reading knowledge of French and German. The passages 
to be translated will be taken from books and articles in his specialized field. 
Some 300 pages of text from which the applicant wishes to have his examination 
chosen should be submitted to the head of the Department of Modern Lan- 
guages at least three days before the examination. The examination aims to 
test ability to use the foreign language for research purposes. It is presumed 
that the candidate will know sufficient grammar to distinguish inflectional 



GENERAL REGULATIONS 13 

forms and that he will be able to translate readily in two hours about 500 
words of text with the aid of a dictionary. 

2. Application for admission to these tests must be filed in the office of the 
Department of Modern Languages at least three days in advance of the tests. 

3. No penalty is attached to failure in the examination, and the unsuccessful 
candidate is free to try again at the next date set for these tests. 

4. Examinations are held near the office of the Department of Modern 
Languages, Arts and Sciences building, on the first Wednesdays in February, 
June, and October, at 2 p. m. 

GRADUATE FEES 

The fees paid by graduate students are as follows: 

A matriculation fee of $10.00. This is paid once only, upon admission 
to the Graduate School. 

A fixed charge, each semester, of $6.00 per semester credit hour for 
students carrying eight hours or less; for students carrying more than eight 
hours, $50.00 for the semester. 

A diploma fee (Master's degree), $10.00. 

A graduation fee, including hood (Doctor's degree), $20.00. 

Laboratory fees range from $2.00 to $8.00 per semester hour. 

FELLOWSHIPS AND ASSISTANTSHIPS 

Fellowships. A number of fellowships have been established by the Uni- 
versity. A few industrial fellowships are also available in certain departments. 
The stipend for the University fellows is $400 for the academic year and the 
remission of all graduate fees except the diploma fee. 

Application blanks for University fellowships may be obtained from the 
office of the Graduate School. The application, with the necessary credentials, 
i6 sent by the applicant directly to the Dean of the Graduate School. 

Fellows are required to render minor services prescribed by their major 
departments. The usual amount of service required does not exceed twelve 
clock hours per week. Fellows are permitted to carry a full graduate program, 
and they may satisfy the residence requirement for higher degrees in the 
normal time. 

The selection of fellows is made by the departments to which the fellowships 
are assigned, with the approval of the dean or director concerned, but all 
applications must first be approved by the Dean of the Graduate School. The 
awards of University fellowships are on a competitive basis. 

Graduate Assistantships. A number of teaching and research graduate 
assistantships are available in several departments. The compensation for 
these assistantships is $800 a year and the remission of all graduate fees except 
the diploma fee. Graduate assistants are appointed for one year and are eligible 
to reappointment. The assistant in this class devotes one half of his time to 
instruction or to research in connection with Experiment Station projects, and 
he is required to spend two years in residence for the Master's degree. If he 
continues in residence for the Doctor's degree, he is allowed two-thirds residence 
credit for each academic year at this University. The minimum residence re- 



11 GENERAL REGULATIONS 

quirement from the Bachelor's degree, therefore, may be satisfied in four aca- 
demic years and one summer, or three academic years and three summer sessions 
of eleven or twelve weeks each. 

Other Assistants. Assistants not in the regular $800 class are frequently 
allowed to take graduate courses if they are eligible for admission to the Grad- 
uate School. The stipend for these assistants varies with the services rendered, 
and it may or may not include the remission of graduate fees. The question 
of fees is decided in each individual case by the dean or director concerned when 
the stipend is arranged. The amount of graduate work these assistants are 
permitted to carry is determined by the head of the department, with the ap- 
proval of the dean or director concerned. The Graduate Council, guided by the 
recommendation of the student's advisory committee, prescribes the required 
residence in each individual case at the time the student is admitted to can- 
didacy. 

Further information regarding assistantships may be obtained from the 
department or college concerned. 

COMMENCEMENT 

Attendance is required at the commencement at which the degree is con- 
ferred, unless the candidate is excused by the Dean of the Faculty. 

Application for diploma must be filed in the office of the Registrar before 
March 1 of the year in which the candidate expects to obtain a degree. 

Academic costume is required of all candidates at commencement. Can- 
didates who so desire may purchase or rent caps and gowns at the Students' 
Supply Store. Order must be filed before March 20, but may be cancelled later 
if the student finds himself unable to complete his work for the degree. 



15 



DESCRIPTION OF COURSES 

For the convenience of students in making out schedules of studies, the 
subjects in the following Description of Courses are arranged alphabetically: 

Page 

Agricultural Economics 16 

Agricultural Education and Rural Life 18 

Agronomy (Crops and Soils) 19 

Anatomy 

Animal Husbandry 21 

Bacteriology 22, 88 

Biochemistry '. 88 

Botany 24,91 

Business Administration 28 

Chemistry 35 

Chemical Engineering 40 

Comparative Literature 42 

Dairy Husbandry 43 

Economics 45 

Education 47 

English Language and Literature 52 

Entomology 56 

Foods and Nutrition 60 

French 68 

Genetics 58 

German 69 

History ; 58 

Home Economics 60 

Horticulture 63 

Mathematics 64 

Modern Languages 68 

Pharmaceutical Chemistry 91 

Pharmacology 89, 92 

Pharmacy 93 

Philosophy 71 

Physics 71 

Physiology 90 

Political Science 74 

Poultry Husbandry 77 

Psychology 79 

Sociology 81 

Spanish 70 

Statistics 84 

Zoology 84 

For convenience in identification, Courses for Graduates and Advanced 
Undergraduates are numbered 100 to 199; Courses for Graduates are numbered 
200 and upward. 

The letter following the number of the course indicates the semester in 
which the course is offered: Thus, lOOf is offered the first semester; 101s, the 
second semester; 102y, the year. 

The number of semester hours' credit is shown by the arabic numeral in 
parentheses after the title of the course. In courses which continue through the 
year, the number shown is the total for both semesters. 

A separate schedule of courses is issued each semester, giving the hours, places 
of meeting, and other information required by the student in making out his 
schedule. Students will obtain these schedules when they register. 



16 AGRICULTURAL ECONOMICS AND FARM MANAGEMENT 

AGRICULTURAL ECONOMICS AND FARM MANAGEMENT 

Courses for Graduates and Advanced Undergraduates 

A. E. 100 f. Farm Economics (3) — Three lectures, Prerequisites, Econ. 51f 
and 52 s, or 57 f or s. 

A general course in agricultural economics, with special reference to pop- 
ulation trend, cultural wealth, land tenure, farm labor, agricultural credit, 
the tariff, price movements, and marketing. DeVault. 

A. E. 102 s. Marketing of Farm Products (3) — Three lectures. Prerequisites, 
Econ. 51 f and 52 s, or 57 f or s. 

A complete analysis of the present system of transporting, storing, and 
distributing farm products, and a basis for intelligent direction of effort in in- 
creasing the efficiency of marketing methods. DeVault. 

A. E. 103 f. Co-operation in Agriculture (3) — Three lectures. 

Historical and comparative development of farmers' co-operative organiza- 
tions with some reference to farmer movements; reasons for failure, and 
essentials to success; commodity developments; the Federal Farm Board; 
banks for co-operatives; present trends. Ives. 

A. E. 104 s. Farm Finance (3) — Three lectures. 

Agricultural credit requirements; development and volume of business of 
institutions financing agriculture; financing specific farm organizations and 
industries. Farm insurance — fire, crop, livestock, and life insurance, with 
especial reference to mutual developments — how provided, benefits, and 
needed extension. Coddington. 

A. E. 105 s. Food Products Inspection (2) — One lecture; one laboratory. 

This course, arranged by the Department of Agricultural Economics in 
co-operation with the State Department of Markets and the United States 
Department of Agriculture, is designed to give the students primary instruction 
in the grading, standardizing and inspection of fruits and vegetables, dairy 
products, poultry products, meats, and other food products. Theoretical in- 
struction covering the fundamental principles will be given in the form of 
lectures, while the demonstrational and practical work will be conducted 
through laboratories and field trips to Washington, D. C, and Baltimore. 

Staff. 

A. E. 106 s. Prices of Farm Products (3) — Two lectures; one laboratory. 

A general course in prices, price relationships, and price analysis, with 
emphasis on prices of agricultural products. Ives. 

A. E. 107 s. Analysis of the Farm Business (3) — One lecture; two laboratories. 

A concise, practical course in the keeping, summarizing, and analyzing of 

farm accounts. Hamilton. 

A. E. 108 f. Farm Management (3) — Three lectures. 

A study of the organization and operation of Maryland farms from the stand- 
point of efficiency and profits. Students will be expected to make an analysis 
of the actual farm business and practices of different types of farms located 
in various parts of the state, and to make specific recommendations as to how 
these farms may be organized and operated as successful businesses. Hamilton. 



AGRICULTURAL ECONOMICS AND FARM MANAGEMENT 17 

A. E. 109 y. Research Problems (1-3). 

With the permission of the instructor, students will work on any research 
problems in agricultural economics which they may choose, or a special list of 
subjects will be made up from which the students may select their research 
problems. There will be occasional class meetings for the purpose of making 
reports on progress of work, methods of approach, etc. DeVault. 

A. E. Ill f. Land Economics (3) — Three lectures. 

Concepts of land economy are discussed, as well as conditions and tenden- 
cies influencing land requirements in relation to land resources. A study of 
major land problems and land policies including erosion and its control; farm 
tenancy; tax delinquency and tax reverted lands; land use planning and 
production control; public policies for facilitating land use adjustments; and 
directional measures for discouraging undesirable land uses. Coddington. 

Courses for Graduates 

A. E. 201 y. Special Problems in Farm Economics (3). 

An advanced course dealing more extensively with some of the economic 
problems affecting the farmer, such as land problems, agricultural finance, 
farm wealth, agricultural prices, transportation, and special problems in 
marketing and co-operation. DeVault. 

A. E. 202 y. Seminar (1-2). 

This course will consist of special reports by students on current economic 
subjects, and a discussion and criticism of the same by the members of the 
class and the instructor. DeVault. 

A. E. 203. Research (8) — Students will be assigned research work in agri- 
cultural economics under the supervision of the instructor. The work will 
consist of original investigation in problems of agricultural economics, and the 
results will be presented in the form of a thesis. DeVault. 

A. E. 210 s. Taxation in Relation to Agriculture (2) — Two lectures. 

Principles and practices of taxation in their relation to agriculture, with 
special reference to the trends of tax levies, taxation in relation to land utiliza- 
tion, taxation in relation to ability to pay and benefits received; a comparison 
of the following taxes as they affect agriculture — general property tax, income 
tax, sales tax, gasoline and motor vehicle license taxes, inheritance tax, and 
special commodity taxes; possibilities of farm tax reduction through greater 
efficiency and economies in local government. DeVault and Walker. 

A. E. 211 f. Taxation in Theory and Practice (3) — Two lectures; one labor- 
atory. 

Ideals in taxation; economic effects of taxation upon the welfare of society; 
theory of taxation; the general property tax, business and license taxes, the 
income tax, the sales tax, special commodity taxes, inheritance and estate 
taxes; recent shifts in taxing methods and recent tax reforms; conflicts and 
duplication in taxation among governmental units; practical and current prob- 
lems in taxation. DeVault and Walker. 

A. E. 212 f, 213 s. Land Utilization and Agricultural Production (3, 2)— Two 

double lecture periods a week. 



18 AGRICULTURAL EDUCATION AND RURAL LIFE 

A presentation, by regions, of the basic physical conditions of the economic 
and social forces that have influenced agricultural settlement, and of the 
resultant utilization of the land and production of farm products; followed by a 
consideration of the regional trends and interregional shifts in land utilization 
and agricultural production, and the outlook for further changes in each region. 

Baker. 

A. E. 214 s. Consumption of Farm Products and Standards of Living (3) — 
Two double lecture periods a week. 

A presentation of the trends in population and migration for the nation and 
by states, of the trends in exports of farm products and their regional signific- 
ance, of the trends in diet and in per capita consumption of non-food products; 
followed by a consideration of the factors that appear likely to influence these 
trends in the future, and of the outlook for commercial as contrasted with a 
more self-sufficing agriculture. Baker. 

A. E. 215 s. Advanced Agricultural Co-operation (2) — Two lectures. 

An appraisal of agricultural co-operation as a means of improving the 
financial status of farmers. More specifically, the course includes a critical 
analysis and appraisal of specific types and classes of co-operatives. Ives. 



AGRICULTURAL EDUCATION AND RURAL LIFE 

Courses for Graduates and Advanced Undergraduates 

R. Ed. 107 f. Observation and Analysis of Teaching for Agricultural Stu- 
dents. (3) — Two lectures; one laboratory. Prerequisite, Ed. Psych. 1 f. 

This course deals with analysis of pupil learning in class groups. 

Cotterman. 

R. Ed. 109 f. Teaching Secondary Vocational Agriculture (3) — Three 
lectures. Prerequisites, R. Ed. 105 f, 107 f; A. H. 1, 2; D. H. 1; Poultry 1; 
Soils 1; Agron. 1, 2; Hort. 1, 11; F. Mech. 101, 104; A. E. 2, 102; F. M. 2. 

A comprehensive course in the work of high school departments of voca- 
tional agriculture. It emphasizes particularly placement, supervised farming 
programs, the organization and administration of Future Farmer work, and 
objectives and methods in all-day, continuation, and adult instruction. 

Cotterman. 

R. Ed. 110 s. Rural Life and Education (3)— Three lectures. 

An intensive study of the educational agencies at work in rural communities, 
stressing particularly analysis of school patronage areas, the possibilities of 
normal life in rural areas, early beginnings in rural education, and the con- 
ditioning effects of economic differences. The course is designed especially 
for persons who expect to be called upon to assist in shaping educational and 
other community programs for rural people. Cotterman. 

R. Ed. 112 s. Departmental Organization and Administration (1) — One 

lecture. Prerequisite, R. Ed. 105 f, 107 f, 109 f. 

The work of this course is based upon the construction and analysis of 
administrative programs for high school departments of vocational agriculture. 
As a project, each student prepares and analyzes in detail an administrative 
program for a specific school. Investigations and reports. Cotterman. 



AGRONOMY 19 

R. Ed. 114 s. Teaching Farm Shop in Secondary Schools (1) — One lecture. 

Objectives in the teaching of farm shop; contemporary developments; 
determination of projects; shop management; shop programs; methods of 
teaching; equipment; materials of instruction; special projects. Carpenter. 

R. Ed. 120 f or s. Practice Teaching (2)— Prerequisites, R. Ed. 105 f, 107 f, 
109 f. 

Under the immediate direction of a critic teacher the student in this course 
is required to analyze and prepare special units of subject-matter, plan lessons, 
and teach in co-operation with the critic teacher, exclusive of observation, not 
less than twenty periods of vocational agriculture. Cotterman. 

Courses for Graduates 

R. Ed. 201 f. 202 s. Rural Life and Education (3, 3)— Prerequisite, R. Ed. 
104 s, or equivalent. 

A sociological approach to rural education as a movement for a good life in 
rural communities. It embraces a study of the organization, administration 
and supervision of the several agencies of public education as component parts 
of this movement and as forms of social economy and human development. 
Discussions, assigned readings and major term papers in the field of the stu- 
dent's special interest. Cotterman. 

R. Ed. 207 f. 298 s. Problems in Vocational Agriculture, Related Science, 
and Shop (1-2. each semester). 

In this course special emphasis is placed upon the current problems facing 
teachers of vocational agriculture. It is designed especially for persons who 
have had several years of teaching experience in this field. The three phases of 
the vocational teacher's program — all day, part-time, and adult work — receive 
attention. Discussions, surveys, investigations and reports. Cotterman. 

R. Ed. 250 y. Seminar in Rural Education (2-4). 

Problems in the organization, administration and supervision of the several 
agencies of rural education. Investigation, papers and reports. Cotterman. 

R. Ed. 251. Research (2-4) — Credit hours according to work done. Stu- 
dents must be specially qualified by previous work to pursue with profit the 
research to be undertaken. Cotterman. 

AGRONOMY 

Division of Crops 
Courses for Graduates and Advanced Undergraduates 

Agron. 103 f. Crop Breeding (2) — One lecture; one laboratory. Prerequisite, 
Gen. 101. 

The principles of breeding as applied to field crops and methods used in crop 
improvement. Kemp. 

Agron. 121 s. Methods of Crop and Soil Investigation (2) — One lecture; 
one laboratory. 

A consideration of crop and soil investigation methods at the various experi- 
ment stations, and the standard zation of such methods. Metzger. 



20 AGRONOMY 

Courses for Graduates 

Agron. 201 y. Crop Breeding (4-10) — Credits determined by work accom- 
plished. 

The content of this course is similar to that of Agron. 103 f, but will be 
adapted more to graduate students, and more of a range will be allowed in 
choice of materials to suit special cases. Kemp. 

Agron. 203 y. Seminar (2) — One report period each week. 
The seminar is devoted largely to reports by students on current scientific 
publications dealing with problems in crops and soils. 

Agron. 209. Research (4-8) — Credits determined by work accomplished. 

With the approval of the head of the department the student will be allowed 
to work on any problem in agronomy, or he will be given a list of suggested 
problems from which he may make a selection. Staff. 

Division of Soils 

Courses for Graduates and Advanced Undergraduates 

Soils 103 f. Soil Geography (3) — Two lectures; one discussion period. 

A study of the genealogy of soils, the principal soil regions of North America, 
and the classification of soils. Field trips will be made to emphasize certain 
important phases of the subject. 

Soils 112 s. Soil Conservation (3) — Three lectures. 

A study of the factors relating to soil preservation, including the influence 
of cropping and soil management practices, fertilizer treatments, constructive 
and destructive agencies of man and nature on conservation, history of research 
work in soil erosion, and field trips to soil demonstration areas. Thomas. 

Courses for Graduates 

Soils 201. Special Problems and Research (10-12). 

Original investigation of problems in soils and fertilizers. Staff. 

Soils 202 y. Soil Technology (5 f, 2 s) — Two lectures, two laboratories, 
first semester. Two lectures, one laboratory, second semester. Prerequisites, 
Geology 1, Soils 1, and Chemistry 1. 

In the first semester, chemical and physico-chemical study of soil problems 
as encountered in field, greenhouse, and laboratory. In the second semester, 
physical and plant nutritional problems related to the soil. Thomas. 

Soils 204 s. Soil Microbiology (3) — Two lectures; one laboratory. Pre- 
requisite, Bact. 1. 

A study of the microorganisms of the soil in relation to fertility. It includes 
the study of the bacteria of the soil concerned in the decomposition of organic 
matter, nitrogen fixation, nitrification, and sulphur oxidation and reduction, 
and deals also with such organisms as fungi, algae, and protozoa. The course 
includes a critical study of the methods used by experiment stations in soil 
investigational work. Bodily. 



ANIMAL HUSBANDRY 21 

ANIMAL HUSBANDRY 

Courses for Graduates and Advanced Undergraduates 

A. H. Ill f. Livestock Markets and Marketing (2) — Two lectures. Pre- 
requisite, A. H. 2 s. (Not given in 1939-1940.) 

A comprehensive study of the marketing of sheep, beef cattle, hogs and 
draft horses, and practices found in the vast American livestock market 
system, together with the facilities available for the marketing and merchan- 
dising of all kinds of livestock and meat products. Leinbach, Ikeler. 

A. H. 112 s. Geography of Livestock Production (2) — Two lectures. 

A course designed to familiarize students with livestock management, 
production and marketing practices in other parts of the world. Consideration 
is given to the bearing of foreign livestock and meat industries on this country's 
production, including an insight into our foreign markets. Leinbach, Ikeler. 

A. H. 113 f. Animal Nutrition (3) — Three lectures. Prerequisites, Chem. 12A 
y and A. H. 102 f. 

Processes of digestion, absorption, and metabolism of nutrients, nutritional 
balances, nature of nutritional requirements for growth, production and repro- 
duction. Meade. 

A. H. 114 s. Advanced Breeding (2) — Two lectures. Prerequisites, Gen. 
101 f and A. H. 103 s. 

This course deals with the more technical phases of heredity, variation, 
recombination, and mutation; selection and selection indexes; breeding systems; 
specific inheritance in farm animals and with biometry as applied to animal 
breeding. Meade. 

Courses for Graduates 

A. H. 201 f or s. Special Problems in Animal Husbandry (2-3) — Credit 
given in proportion to amount of work completed. 

p Problems which relate specifically to the character of work the student is 
pursuing will be assigned. Staff. 

A. H. 202 s. Seminar (1). 

Students are required to prepare papers based upon current scientific publica- 
tions relating to animal husbandry or upon their research work, for presentation 
before and discussion by the class. Staff. 

A. H. 203. Research — Credit to be determined by the amount and character 
of work done. 

With the approval of the head of the department, students will be required 
to pursue original research in some phase of animal husbandry, carry the same 
to completion, and report the results in the form of a thesis. Meade, Leinbach. 



22 BACTERIOLOGY 

BACTERIOLOGY 
A. Bacteriology 

Courses for Graduates and Advanced Undergraduates* 

Bact. 101 f. Milk Bacteriology (4) — Two lectures; two laboratories. Pre- 
requisite, Bact. 1. Registration limited. 

Bacteria in milk, sources and development; milk fermentation; sanitary 
production; care and sterilization of equipment; care and preservation of 
milk and cream; pasteurization; public health requirements. Standard methods 
of milk analysis; practice in the bacteriological control of milk supplies and 
plant sanitation; occasional inspection trips. Black. 

Bact. 102 s. Dairy Products Bacteriology (3) — One lecture; two laboratories. 
Prerequisite, Bact. 1; Bact. 101 f desirable. • 

Relation of bacteria, yeasts and molds to cream, concentrated milks, starters, 
fermented milks, ice cream, butter, cheese, and other dairy products; sources 
of contamination. Microbiological analysis and control; occasional inspection 
trips. Black. 

Bact. Ill f. Food Bacteriology (3) — One lecture; two laboratories. Pre- 
requisite, Bact. 1. 

Bacteria, yeasts and molds in foods; relation to preservation and spoilage; 
food infections and food poisoning. James. 

Bact. Ills. Bacteriology of Food Production (3) — One lecture; two labor- 
atories. 

Bacteriology of food production and food fermentations; industrial hygiene 
and occupational diseases. James. 

Bact. 112 s. Sanitary Bacteriology (3) — One lecture; two laboratories. 
Prerequisite, Bact. 1. Registration limited. 

Bacteriological and public health aspects of water supplies and water puri- 
fication; swimming pool sanitation; sewage disposal; industrial wastes; dis- 
posal of garbage and refuse; municipal sanitation. Practice in standard methods 
for examination of water, sewage and other sanitary analyses; differentiation 
and significance of the coli-aerogenes group. 

Bact. 115 f. Serology (4) — Two lectures; two laboratories. Prerequisite, 
Bact. 2 s. Registration limited. 

Infection and resistance; agglutination, precipitation, lytic and complement 
fixation reactions; principles of immunity and hypersensitiveness. Preparation 
of necessary reagents; general immunologic technique; factors affecting re- 
actions; applications in identification of bacteria and diagnosis of disease. 

Faber. 

Bact. 116 s. Epidemiology (2) — Two lectures. Prerequisite, Bact. 1 and 
credit in, or registration in Bact. 2 or 2 A. Alternates with Bact. 126 s. 



* One or more of the scheduled courses may also be given during the evening if a sufficient number 
of students register. A special fee is charged. 



BACTERIOLOGY 23 

Epidemiology of important infectious diseases, including history, character- 
istic features, methods of transmission, immunization and control; periodicity; 
principles of investigation; public health applications. Faber. 

Bact. 118 f. Systematic Bacteriology (2) — Two lectures. Prerequisite, 
10 hours of bacteriology. 

History of bacterial classification; genetic relationships, international codes 
of nomenclature; bacterial variation as it affects classification. James. 

Bact. 113 f and s. Advanced Methods (2) — One lecture; one laboratory. 
Prerequisite, 10 hours of bacteriology. Registration limited. 

Microscopy, dark field and single cell technique, photomicrography; color- 
imetric and potentiometric determinations; oxidation-reduction; electrophore- 
sis; surface tension; gas analysis; special culture methods; filtration; animal 
care; practice in media and reagent preparation. Bodily. 

Bact. 123 f, 124 s. Bacteriological Problems (2, 2)— Laboratory. Pre- 
requisites, Bact. 1 and 2 and any other courses needed for the project. Registra- 
tion limited. 

Subject matter suitable to the needs of the particular student, or problems 
as an introduction to research, will be arranged. Staff. 

Bact. 125 f. Clinical Methods (3) — One lecture; two laboratories. Pre- 
requisite, Bact. 2 or consent of instructor. 

Methods for microscopic examination of blood; bacteriological examination 
of sputum, feces and spinal fluids, microscopic and routine chemical methods 
for examination of urine. Faber. 

Bact. 117 s. Public Health (1) — One lecture. Prerequisites, Bact. 1 and 2. 
Alternates with Bact. 116 s. 

A series of weekly lectures on public health and its administration. 

James, in charge. 

Bact. 131 f, 132 s. Journal Club (1, ^—Prerequisites, Bact. 1 and \ 

Students will submit reports on current scientific literature or on individual 
problems in bacteriology, which will be discussed and criticized by members 
of the class and staff. Black. 

Courses for Graduates 

Bact. 205 f. Research Methods (1) — One lecture Prerequisite, 6 hours of 
bacteriology. 

Methods of research; library practice; current literature; preparation of 
papers; research institutions, investigators; laboratory design, equipment and 
supplies; academic practices; professional aids. Black. 

Bact. 206 s. Physiology of Bacteria (2) — Two lectures. Prerequisites, 10 
hours of bacteriology, and Chem. 108 s or equivalent. 

Growth; chemical composition; physical characteristics; energy relationships; 
influence of environmental conditions on growth and metabolism; disinfection; 
physiological interrelationships; changes occurring in media. James. 



24 BOTANY 

Bact. 207 f, 208 s. Special Topics (1, 1). Prerequisite, 10 hours of bacter- 
iology. 

Presentation and discussion of fundamental problems and special subjects. 

Black. 

Bact. 211 f. Bacterial Metabolism (2) — Two lectures. Prerequisites, Bact. 1, 
Chem. 12 y or equivalent. 

Growth, chemical composition, oxygen relations; enzymes; bacterial meta- 
bolism and respiration; chemical activities of microorganisms; industrial 
fermentations. Black. 

Bact. 221. Research (1-6). Prerequisites, Bact. 1 and 2, and any other 
courses needed for the particular project. Credit will be determined by the 
amount and character of the work accomplished. 

Properly qualified students will be admitted upon approval of the depart- 
ment head. The investigation is outlined in consultation with and pursued 
under supervision of a faculty member of the department. Staff. 

Bact. 231 f, 232 s. Seminar (2,2). Prerequisite, 10 hours of bacteriology. 

Discussions and reports prepared by the student on current research, selected 

subjects, and recent advances in bacteriology. James. 

B. Food Technology 

Courses for Graduates and Advanced Undergraduates 

F. Tech. 100 f. Food Microscopy (2) — Two laboratories. 

Miscroscopical analysis of foods following the methods used in the Federal 
Government and other agencies. Studies of the structural composition of 
agricultural and manufactured foods. Use of microscopic tests in factory control 
and analyses. 

F. Tech. 101 f. Regulatory Control (2) — Two lectures, including demonstra- 
tions. 

Methods followed in the control of foods in interstate and intrastate com- 
merce. Consideration of laboratory basis of standards of control. 

F. Tech. 102 y. Technology Conference (2) — One lecture. 
Reports and discussions of current developments in the field of food tech- 
nology. 

F. Tech. 103 y. Food Sanitation (2) — One lecture; one field trip. Pre- 
requisites, Bact. 1, Bact. 110 f, and Bact. Ill s, or their equivalent. 

Principles of sanitation in food manufacture and distribution; methods of 
control of sanitation in commercial canning, pickling, bottling, preserving, 
refrigeration, dehydration, etc. 

BOTANY 
A. General Botany and Morphology 

Courses for Graduates and Advanced Undergraduates 

Bot. 101 f. Plant Anatomy (3) — One lecture; two laboratories. Prerequisite, 
Bot. 1 f. 



BOTANY 25 

The origin and development of the organs and tissue systems in the vascular 
plants, with special emphasis on the structures of roots, stems and leaves. 
Reports on current literature are required. Bamford. 

Bot. 103 f. Plant Taxonomy (3) — One lecture; two laboratories. (Not given 
in 1939-1940.) 

Classification of the vegetable kingdom, and the principles underlying it; 
the use of other sciences and all phases of botany as taxonomic foundations; 
methods of taxonomic research in field, garden, herbarium and library. Each 
student to work on a special problem during some of the laboratory time. 

Norton. 

Bot. 104 s. Advanced Plant Taxonomy (3) — One lecture; two laboratories. 

Principles and criteria of plant taxonomy. Reviews and criticisms of current 
taxonomic literature. Each student works on an original problem during the 
laboratory time. Norton. 

Bot. 105 s. Economic Plants (2) — Two lectures. (Not given in 1939-1940.) 
The names, taxonomic position, native and commercial geographic dis- 
tribution, and use of the leading economic plants of the world are studied. 
A collection of plant products from markets, stores, factories, etc., is made 
by students to illustrate the useful plants both in the natural form and as 
used by man. Norton. 

Bot. 106 f. History and Philosophy of Botany (1) — One lecture. 
Discussion of the development of ideas and knowledge about plants, also 
a survey of contemporary work in botanical science. Norton. 

Bot. 107 s. Methods in Plant Histology (2) — Two laboratories. 
Principles and methods involved in the preparation of permanent slides. 

Brown. 

Courses for Graduates 

Bot. 201 s. Cytology (4) — Two lectures; two laboratories. Prerequisite, 
Bot. 1 f. 

A detailed study of the cell during its metabolic and reproductive stages. 
The major portion is devoted to chromosomes in mitosis and meiosis, and 
the relation of these stages to current theories of heredity and evolution. The 
laboratory involves the preparation, examination and illustration of cytological 
material by current methods. Bamford. 

Bot. 202 s. Plant Morphology (2)— Two laboratories. 

A comparative study of the morphology of the flowering plants with special 
reference to their phylogeny and development. Bamford. 

Bot. 203 f and s. Seminar (1). 

The study of special topics in plant morphology, anatomy and cytology. 

Bamford. 
Bot. 204. Research. Credit according to work done. Norton, Bamford. 



26 BOTANY 

B. Plant Pathology and Mycology 

Courses for Graduates and Advanced Undergraduates 

Pit. Path. 101 f. Diseases of Fruits (2-4) — Two lectures; laboratory according 
to credit desired. Prerequisite, Pit. Path. 1 f. 

An intensive study intended to give a rather thorough knowledge of the 
subject matter, such as is needed by those who expect to become advisers in 
fruit production, as well as those who expect to become specialists in plant 
pathology. Temple. 

Pit. Path. 102 s. Diseases of Garden and Field Crops (2-4) — Two lectures; 
laboratory according to credit desired. Prerequisite, Pit. Path, 1 f. 

The diseases of garden crops, truck crops, cereal and forage crops. Intended 
for students of vegetable culture, agronomy, and plant pathology, and for those 
preparing for county agent work. Temple. 

Pit. Path. 103 s. Research Methods (2) — One conference and five hours of 
laboratory. Prerequisite, Pit. Path. 1 f or equivalent. 

Technique of plant disease investigation: sterilization, cultural methods, 
isolation of pathogens, inoculation methods and photography. Woods. 

Pit. Path. 104 f and s. Minor Investigations (1-3) — Credit according to work 
done. A laboratory course with individual conferences. Prerequisite, Pit. 
Path. 1 f. 

In this course, only minor problems or special phases of major investigations 
may be undertaken. Their solution may include a survey of the literature on 
the problem under investigation and both laboratory and field work. 

Norton, Temple, Woods. 

Pit. Path. 105 s. Diseases of Ornamentals (2) — Two lectures. 
The most important diseases of plants grown in greenhouse, flower garden, 
and landscape, including shrubs and shade trees. Temple. 

Pit. Path. 106 y. Seminar (2). 

Conferences and reports on plant pathological literature and on recent 
investigations. Temple, Norton, Woods. 

Pit. Path. 107 f. Plant Disease Control (3) — Two lectures; one laboratory. 
Prerequisite, Pit Path, 1 f. 

An advanced course dealing with the theory and practice of plant disease 
control; the preparation of sprays and other fungicides and the testing of their 
toxicity in greenhouse and laboratory; demonstration and other extension 
methods adapted to county agent work and to the teaching of agriculture in 
high schools. Temple. 

Pit. Path. 108 f. Mycology (4) — Two lectures; two laboratories. 
An introductory study of the morphology, life histories, classification, and 
economics of the fungi. Norton, Woods. 



BOTANY 27 

Courses for Graduates 

Pit. Path. 201 s. Virus Diseases (2)— Two lectures. 

An advanced course, including a study of the current literature on the sub- 
ject and the working of a problem in the greenhouse. Woods. 

Pit. Path. 203 f. Non-Parasitic Diseases (3) — Two lectures; one laboratory. 

Effects of maladjustment of plants to their environment; injuries due to 
climate, soil, gases, dust, sprays, fertilizers, improper treatment, and other 
detrimental conditions. Norton. 

Pit. Path. 205. Research — Credit according to work done. 

Norton, Temple, Woods. 



C. Plant Physiology 

Courses for Graduates and Advanced Undergraduates 

Pit. Phys. 101 f. Plant Physiology (4) — Two lectures; two laboratories. 
Prerequisite, Bot. 1 f. 

A summary view of the general physiological activities of plants. The 
aim in this course is to stress principles rather than factual details. Brown. 

Pit. Phys. 102 s. Plant Ecology (3) — Two lectures; one laboratory. Pre- 
requisite, Bot. 1 f. 

The study of plants in relation to their environments. Plant formations and 
successions in various parts of the country are briefly treated. Much of the 
work, especially the practical, must be carried on in the field, and for this 
purpose type regions adjacent to the University are selected. Brown. 

Courses for Graduates 

Pit. Phys. 201 s. Plant Biochemistry (4) — Two lectures; two laboratories. 
Prerequisite, an elementary knowledge of plant physiology and organic chem- 
istry. 

An advanced course in plant physiology in which the chemical aspects are 
specially emphasized. It deals with the important substances in the composition 
of the plant body and with the important processes in plant life. 

Appleman, Shirk. 

Pit. Phys. 202A f. Plant Biophysics (2)— Two lectures. Prerequisites, 
Bot. If, and Pit. Phys. lOlf, or equivalent. Students electing this course 
should elect Pit. Phys. 202 Bf. 

An advanced course dealing with the operation of physical forces in plant 
1 fe processes. Appleman, Brown. 

Pit. Phys. 202B f. Biophysical Methods (2). Shirk. 

Pit. Phys. 203 s. Plant Microchemistry (2) — One lecture; one laboratory. 
Prerequisite, Bot. 1 f, Chem. 1 y, or equivalents. 



28 BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION 

The isolation, identification, and localization of organic and inorganic 
substances found in plant tissues by micro-technical methods. The use of 
these methods in the study of metabolism in plants is emphasized. Brown. 

Pit. Phys. 204 f. Growth and Development (2). (Not given in 1939-1940.) 

Appleman, Brown. 
Pit. Phys. 205 f and s. Seminar (1). 

Students are required to prepare reports of papers in the current literature. 
These are discussed in connection with the recent advances in the subject. 

Appleman. 
Pit. Phys. 206. Research — Credit according to work done. 
Students must be specially qualified by previous work to pursue with profit 
the research to be undertaken. Staff. 

BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION 

Some of the specialized courses in the following lists may be offered only in 
alternate years, whenever prospective enrollments therein do not justify re- 
peating annually. Such courses are indicated by an asterisk. 

See also related courses in Economics and in Agricultural Economics. 

A. Accounting 

Courses for Graduates and Advanced Undergraduates 

Acct. 101 f. Advanced Accounting I (3) — Three lectures. Prerequisite, 
Acct. 51 y. 

Advanced theory and problems in connection with the following: working 
papers, statements; corporations; actuarial science; cash; accounts receivable; 
notes and acceptances; inventories, consignments; installment sales. 

Acct. 102 s. Advanced Accounting II (3) — Three lectures. Prerequisite, 
Acct. 101 f. 

Advanced theory and problems in connection with the following: tangible 
fixed assets; intangible assets; investments; liabilities; funds and reserves; 
correction of statements and books; comparative statements; the analysis 
of working capital; miscellaneous ratios; profit and loss analysis; and state- 
ment of application of funds. 

Acct. 121 f. Cost Accounting (2) — Two lectures. Prerequisite, Acct. 51 y. 

The need and value of cost accounting; cost systems and cost classifications; 
classification of accounts; subsidiary ledgers and cost records; outline of specific 
order cost accounting; accounting for material; material storage and consump- 
tion; valuation of materials; special features of accounting for labor cost; ac- 
counting for manufacturing expense; distribution of service department costs; 
distribution of manufacturing expense to production; control of distribution 
costs; monthly closing entries. Theory, problems, and practice set. Cissel. 

Acct. 122 s. Advanced Cost Accounting (2) — Two lectures. Prerequisite, 
Acct. 121 f. 



BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION 29 

Preparation of analytical statements; comparative statements; process 
cost accounting; standard costs; analysis of variances; accounting for standard 
costs; estimating cost systems; special considerations; arguments for and against 
including interest on investments; graphic charts; uniform methods. A discus- 
sion of advanced theory and problems. Cissel. 

Acct. 161 f. Income Tax Procedure (3) — Three lectures. Prerequisite, 
Acct. 102 s. 

Income tax in theory and practice. Selected cases and problems illustrating 
the definition of taxable income of individuals, corporations, and estates. 

Wedeberg. 

Acct. 171 f. Auditing Theory (2) — Two lectures. Prerequisite, Acct. 102 s. 

Principles of auditing, including a study of different k nds o f audits, the 

preparation of reports, and illustrative cases or problems. Cissel. 

Acct. 172 s. Practical Auditing (2) — Two lectures. Prerequisite, Acct. 171 f. 
A practical application of auditing theory. Cissel. 

Acct. 181 f. Specialized Accounting (3) — Three lectures. Prerequisite, 
Acct. 102 s. 

Accounting for partnerships, ventures, insurance, receiverships, branches, 
consolidations, mergers, foreign exchange, estates and trusts, budgets, and 
public accounts. Wedeberg. 

Acct. 182 s. Specialized Accounting (3) — Three lectures. Prerequisite, 
Acct. 181 f. 

A study of the accounting methods and problems of the following types of 
business: savings banks, commercial banks, national banks, building and 
loan associations, stock brokerage, consignments, department stores, real 
estate, extractive industries, hotels, government, electric utilities, and others. 

Wedeberg. 

Acct. 186 s. C. P. A. Problems (3) — Three lectures. Prerequisite, consent of 
instructor. 

This course is arranged to coordinate all previous work in accounting with 
special emphasis on the solution of practical C. P. A. problems and the discus- 
sion of C. P. A. theory. Wedeberg. 



Courses for Graduates 

Acct. 228 f, 229 s. Accounting Systems (3, 3). Prerequisites, Acct. 181 and 
182, or concurrent registration therein. 

A discussion of the more difficult problems in connection with the industries 
covered in Acct. 181 and 182. Also includes the statement of affairs; realization 
and liquidation account; parent and subsidiary accounting; and financing. 

Wedeberg. 

Acct. 299 for s. Special Problems in Accounting. (3). Prerequisite, prelimi- 
nary courses in the field of specialization, and permission of the instructor. 

Wedeberg. 



30 BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION 

B. Finance 

Courses for Graduates and Advanced Undergraduates 

Finance 105 f.* Consumer Financing (3) — Prerequisite, Econ. 51 y or 57. 

The economics of installment selling; methods of financing the consumer; 

operations of the personal finance company. Gruchy. 

Finance 106 f. Public Finance (3) — Prerequisite, Econ. 51 y or 57. 

The nature of public expenditures; sources of revenue; taxation; and budget- 
ing. Special emphasis on the practical, social, and economic problems involved. 

Gruchy. 

Finance 111 s. Corporation Finance (3) — Prerequisite, Econ. 51 y. 

The organization and financing of a business enterprise. Types of securities 
and their utilization in apportioning income, risk, and control. Problems of 
capitalization, refunding, reorganization, and expansion. Procurement of 
capital. Public regulation of the sale of securities. Stevens. 

Finance 115 f. Investments (3) — Prerequisite, Finance 111 s. 

Sources of information for the investor. Classes of investments, government 
bonds, municipals, real estate mortgages, public utilities, railroads, industrial 
securities, movement of security prices, analysis of financial statements. 
Adapting the investment policy to the purpose and needs of the investor. 

Stevens, Mullin. 

Finance 116 s.* Investment Banking (3). 

A study of the functions and operations of investment banking institutions 
and their relation to the market for long-term credit and with emphasis on 
the trends and problems of investment banking. 

Finance 118 f.* Stock and Commodity Exchanges (3). 
An analysis of the operations of the various exchanges. Brokerage houses 
and methods of trading. Regulation of the exchanges. 

Finance 121 s* Advanced Banking Principles and Practices (3). 

The incorporation, organization, and operation of banks. Functions of 
departments and problems of customer relations. Bank legislation and govern- 
mental regulation. Gruchy. 

Finance 125 f.* Credits and Collections (3). 

Nature and function of credit and use of credit instruments. Principles 
of credit investigation and analysis. The work of the credit manager. 

Gruchy. 

Finance 129 f.* International Finance (3). 

Foreign exchange theory and practice. International aspects of monetary 
and banking problems. International money markets. The gold problem and 
The Bank For International Settlements. Gruchy. 

Finance 141 f. Insurance (3) — Prerequisite, Econ. 51y. 
A survey of the major principles and practices of life and property insur- 
ance, with special reference to their relationship to our social and economic life. 



BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION 31 

Finance 151 s.* Real Estate (3) — Prerequisite, Econ. 51 y. 
The principles and practices involved in owning, operating, merchandising, 
leasing, and appraising real estate and real estate investments. 

Finance 199 s. Financial Analysis and Control (3)— Prerequisite, Finance 
111 f. 

Internal administration of a business from the viewpoint of the chief exe- 
cutive. Departmentalization and functionalization, anticipation and budgetary 
control of sales, purchases, production, inventory, expenses, and assets. The 
coordination of financial administration. Policy determination, analysis and 
testing. Stevens. 

Courses for Graduates 

Finance 201 f, 202 s. Research (1-3). Credit in proportion to work accom- 
plished. Students must be especially qualified by previous work to pursue 
effectively the research to be undertaken. Gruchy. 

Finance 229 for s. Special Problems in Finance (1-3). Prerequisite, prelimi- 
nary courses in the field of specialization and permission of the instructor con- 
cerned. 

Individual study of specific problems. Stevens, Gruchy. 

C. Marketing 

See also related courses in Psychology, especially Psych. 4 s, 140 f, and 141 s, 
and in the marketing of agricultural products, particularly A. E. 101 s, 102 s, 
103 s, 105 s, and 215 s. 

Courses for Graduates and Advanced Undergraduates 

Mkt. 101 f. Marketing Principles (3) — Prerequisite, Econ. 51 y. 

A study of the fundamental principles of assembling and dispersing manu- 
factured goods; functions of wholesale and retail middlemen; branch house 
distribution; mail order and chain store distribution; price and price policies; 
cash and quality discounts; price maintenance; and a discussion of the problem 
of distribution costs. Reid. 

Mkt. 105 s. Salesmanship and Salesmanagement (3) — Prerequisite, 
Econ. 51 y or 57, and Mkt. 101 f. 

An analysis of the fundamental principles of salesmanship and the technique 
of personal presentation of ideas, goods, and services. Analysis of customer 
buying motives, habits, and sales reactions. The structure and function of the 
sales organization and its relation to the activities of the production and other 
departments. Building, training, equipping, stimulating and supervising a sales 
force. Reid. 

Mkt. 109 f.* Advertising Principles (3) — Prerequisite, Econ. 51 y or 57. 

Functions and economic implications of advertising; selection and adaptation 
of media to various lines of business. Layouts, copywriting, and campaign 
planning. Objectives, appropriations, and measurements of effectiveness. 

Mullin. 



32 BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION 

Mkt. 115 s.* Purchasing Technique (3). 

Ascertaining sources of supply, substitutes. Utilization of catalogues, 
files, pooled information, and cooperative purchasing. Buying on specifications. 
Sampling, testing, bargaining. Terms, discounts, relations with salesmen. 
Procurement, analysis, and interpretation of market and price data. Materials 
control. Interdepartmental and office organization. Reid. 

Mkt. 119 s.* Retail Store Management and Merchandising (3) — Prereq- 
uisite, Mkt. 101 f. 

Retail store organization, location, and store policy; pricing policies, price 
lines, brands, credit policies; records as a guide to buying; budgetary control 
of inventory and expenses; purchasing methods; supervision of selling; training 
and supervision of retail sales force; administrative problems. 

Mkt. 199 s.* Marketing Research and Market Policies (3) — Prerequisite, 
nine credit hours in marketing. 

A study of the methods and problems involved in marketing research. 

Stevens, Reid. 

Courses for Graduates 

Mkt. 201 f, 202 s. Research (1-3) — Credit in proportion to work accom- 
plished. Students must be especially qualified by previous work to pursue 
effectively the research to be undertaken. Marketing Staff. 

Mkt. 229 f or s. Problems in Marketing (1-3) — Prerequisite, preliminary 
courses in the field of specialization, and permission of the instructor. 

Individual study of specific problems. Marketing Staff. 



D. Trade and Transportation 

Courses for Graduates and Advanced Undergraduates 

T. & T. 101 f. Principles of Foreign Trade (3)— Prerequisite, Econ. 51 y, 
T. & T. 1 f, 4 s. 

& The basic principles of import and export trade, as influenced by the differ- 
ences in methods of conducting domestic and foreign commerce. Daniels. 

T. & T. Ill f.* Inland Transportation (3)— Prerequisite, Econ. 51 y or 57. 

The development of railway and truck transportation in the United States. 
Facilities for transporting agricultural and industrial products. Rate structures 
and tariffs. Effects of changing transportation methods upon agricultural and 
business organization. Daniels. 

T. & T. 112 s.* Ocean Transportation (2)— Prerequisite, T. & T. 1 f, 4 s. 

PThe development of merchant marine and ocean trade routes; the function 
of the merchant marine in the present commerce of the world; relation of 
merchant marine to the railroad and other transportation agencies. Special 
stress is laid on the history and present position of the American Merchant 
Marine. 



BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION 33 

T. & T. 121 s.* The Technique of Export Trade (1)— Prerequisite, T. & T. 
101 f. 

Practical problems of exporting, including the study of functions of the vari- 
ous exporting agencies; documents and procedures used in exporting trans- 
actions. Daniels. 

T. & T. 122 s.* The Technique of Import Trade (1)— Prerequisite, T. & T. 
101 f. 

The study of methods of procuring goods in foreign countries; financing of 
import shipments; documentary procedures; clearing through the customs 
districts; and distribution of goods in the United States. Daniels. 

T. & T. 123 s.* Import and Export Practice (1-2) — Prerequisite, concurrent 
registration in T. & T. 121 s or 122 f. 

Practice work in dealing with import and export documents. Field trips are 
also arranged to Baltimore to study actual import and export procedure. A 
nominal fee is collected at the time of the field trip to cover the expenses in- 
curred. Daniels. 

Foreign Trading Areas: 

The following three courses apply to particular areas the analysis of foreign 
markets and methods discussed in Principles of Foreign Trade (T. &T. 101 f). 
Lecture hours are arranged in such a way that these courses may be taken as a 
group, or any one or more may be taken independently. 

T. & T. 131 f.* Europe as An Export Field (1)— Prerequisite, T. & T. 101, 123. 

An analysis of the countries of Europe as a market for American goods, in- 
cluding a study of the various products imported, methods of financing, and 
distribution agencies. 

T. & T. 132 f* Latin America as An Export Field (1)— Prerequisite, T. & T. 
101, 123. 

An analysis of the countries of Central and South America as a market for 
American goods, including a study of the various products imported, methods 
of financing, and distribution agencies. 

T. & T. 133 f.* Asia as An Export Field (1)— Prerequisite, T. & T. 101, 123. 

An analysis of the countries of Asia as a market for American goods, in- 
cluding a study of the various products imported, methods of financing, and 
distribution agencies. 

T. & T. 189 s.* International Commerce and Commercial Policy (3) — Pre- 
requisite, T. & T. 131, 132, 133. 

Production, availability, and world commerce in the staple commodities of 
world trade: agricultural, mineral, and manufactured; and the effects of the 
principal commercial policies and treaties. Daniels. 

Courses for Graduates 

T. & T. 229 s. Special Problems in Foreign Trade (1-3)— Prerequisite, 
preliminary courses in the field of specialization, and permission of the in- 
structor. Daniels, Reid. 



34 BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION 

E. Organization and Management 

See also related courses in Psychology, especially Psych. 3 s, 160 f, and 161 s. 

Courses for Graduates and Advanced Undergraduates 

O. M. 101 f, 102 s. Business Law (3 each semester). Section A is limited 
to majors in Accounting, or those who have consent of the instructor. 

Legal aspects of business relationships, contracts, negotiable instruments, 
agency, partnerships, corporations, real and personal property, and sales. 
Section A is a more intensive treatment of the law of contracts, sales, negotiable 
instruments, agency and partnerships than is given in Section B, and is designed 
to prepare students for the accounting profession in Maryland. Layton. 

O. & M. 103 f. Advanced Business Law (3)— Prerequisite, O. & M. 101 and 
102, Section A. 

The principles of the law of corporations, trusts, and the administration 
of the estates of bankrupts and decedents, presented in a manner calculated to 
prepare students for the accounting profession in Maryland. Layton. 

O. & M. 110 f. Fundamentals of Business Administration (2) — Primarily for 
senior engineers. Graduate students majoring in non-economic subjects may be 
admitted by special consent of instructor. 

An analysis of the business structure, showing the functions of production, 
marketing, and finance, and the use of the tools of accounting and statistics. 
Designed to show the engineer his relationship as a functional expert to other 
functional experts and to give an academic opportunity to apply technical 
knowledge in business problems. Layton. 

O. & M. 121 s. Industrial Management (3) — Prerequisite, Econ. 51 y or 57. 

A study of major problems of management in the acquisition, organization, 
and control of the factors and agents of production — plant, machinery and 
equipment, raw materials, and personnel. Factory location and layout. 
Scheduling. Personnel organization and incentives. 

O. & M. 161 s. Problems in Cooperative Administration (1-3) — Prerequisites, 
six semester hours in accounting, three in finance, eight in economics, three in 
statistics, three in organization and management, and three in cooperative 
theory. 

A seminar course in the practical problems of cooperative management that 
is intended to integrate previous managerial courses. A limited amount of 
travel is required, for which a nominal fee is collected at the time of each field 
trip to cover the expenses incurred. Stevens. 

Courses for Graduates 

O. & M. 201 f, 202 s. Research (1-3) — Credit in proportion to work accom- 
plished. Student must be especially qualified by previous work to pursue 
effectively the research to be undertaken. 

Investigation or original research in problems of business organization and 
operation under supervision of the instructor. Staff. 



CHEMISTRY 35 

O. & M. 208 s. Legal Aspects of Business Problems (2). Prerequisites, six 
semester hours in commercial law, twelve in accounting, nine in economics and 
six in political science. 

Law as an institution conditioning economic behavior. The law applicable 
to problems in management and production, marketing, and finance. 

Layton. 

O. & M. 291 for s. Problems in Business Organization (1-3). Prerequisites, 
preliminary courses in the field of specialization, six semester hours in organ- 
ization and management, eight in accounting, nine in economics, and three in 
statistics. 

Individual investigation of specific problems, under direction of the instruc- 
tor. The subjects selected for investigation may be closely allied with, but must 
not be the same as, the subject discussed in the student's major thesis. 

Layton. 

CHEMISTRY 
A. General Chemistry 

Courses for Graduates 

Chem. 200 A y. Chemistry of the Rarer Elements (4)— Two lectures. Pre- 
requisite, Chem. 2 y. 

A course devoted to the study of the elements not usually considered in the 
elementary course. White. 

Chem. 200 B y. Advanced Inorganic Laboratory (4) — Two laboratories. 
Prerequisite, consent of the instructor. 

A laboratory study of the compounds of elements considered in Chem. 200 
A y. White. 

Chem. 201 f or s. An Introduction to Spectrographs Analysis (1) — A labor- 
atory course designed to acquaint the student with the fundamentals of 
spectrographic analysis. White. 

Chem. 202 y. Theory of Solutions (4) — Two lectures. Prerequisite, Chem. 
102 A y. 

A systematic study of the theories and properties of solutions. Subjects 
considered are solubility, regular solutions, dipole moments, solution kinetics, 
and modern theories of dilute and concentrated electrolytes. Svirbely. 

Chem. 230 f. Chemical Microscopy (2 or 4). 

A laboratory course designed to acquaint the student with the fundamentals 
of microscopic analysis. Svirbely. 

B. Analytical Chemistry 

Courses for Graduates and Advanced Undergraduates 

Chem. 101 y. Advanced Quantitative Analysis (10) — Two lectures; three 
laboratories. Prerequisite, Chem. 6 y, or its equivalent. 



36 CHEMISTRY 

A broad survey of the field of inorganic quantitative analysis. The first 
semester is devoted to mineral analysis, including the analysis of silicates 
and carbonates. The second semester is devoted to a study of the analysis 
of iron, steel, and such other materials as best fit the needs of the individual 
student. Wiley. 

Courses for Graduates 

Chem. 240 y. Special Problems in Quantitative Analysis (4) — Prerequisite, 
Chem. 6 y. Laboratory work and conferences. 

A complete treatment of some special problem or problems, chosen to meet 
the needs and interest of the individual student. Wiley. 



C. Organic Chemistry 
Courses for Graduates and Advanced Undergraduates 

Chem. 116 y. Advanced Organic Chemistry (4) — Two lectures. Prerequisite, 
Chem. 8 A y and B y, or their equivalent. 

A course devoted to a more advanced study of the compounds of carbon than 
is undertaken in Chem. 8 A y. Graduate students who desire an accompanying 
laboratory course should elect Chem. 210 y. Drake. 

Chem. 117 y. Organic Laboratory (2) — One laboratory. 

A course devoted to an elementary study of organic qualitative analysis. 
The work includes the identification of unknown organic compounds, and 
corresponds to the more extended course, Chem. 207. Williams. 

Chem. 118 y. Advanced Organic Laboratory (2) — One laboratory. 

A study of organic quantitative analysis and the preparation of organic 
compounds. Quantitative determinations of carbon and hydrogen, nitrogen, 
and halogen are carried out, and representative syntheses, more difficult than 
those of Chem. 8 B y, are studied. Williams. 



Courses for Graduates 

Chem. 203 A f. Stereochemistry (2)— Two lectures. (Not offered 1939-1940.) 
A comprehensive study of stereoisomerism. Drake. 

Chem. 203 B f. The Organic Chemistry of Nitrogen (2)— Two lectures. 
(Not offered 1939-1940.) 

An advanced study of the more important organic compounds containing 
nitrogen. Drake. 

Chem. 203 C f. The Chemistry of Certain Natural Products (2)— Two 
lectures. 

A study of the structure and reactions of various naturally occurring sub- 
stances. Drake. 



CHEMISTRY 37 

Chem. 205 for s. Organic Preparations (4) 

A laboratory course, devoted to the synthesis of various organic compounds, 
and designed to fit the needs of students whose laboratory experience has been 
insufficient to enable them to pursue research in organic chemistry. Williams. 

Chem. 236 for s. Organic Microanalysis (4). Prerequisite, consent of the 
instructor. 

A laboratory study of the methods of Pregl for the quantitative determina- 
tion of halogen, nitrogen, carbon and hydrogen, and methoxyl. Drake. 

Chem. 207 f or s. Organic Oualitative Analysis (2-6). 

Laboratory work devoted to the identification of pure organic substances 
and of mixtures. This course serves as an intensive preparation for problems 
of identification encountered in organic research, and should be taken by all 
students planning to do research in organic chemistry. Williams. 

Chem. 210 y. Advanced Organic Laboratory (4 or 6). Students electing this 
course should elect Chem 116 y. 

The content of the course is essentially that of Chem. 117 y and IIS y, but 
may be varied within wide limits to fit the needs of the individual student. 

Williams. 

Chem. 235 A s. Thermal Reactions of Organic Substances (2) — Two lectures. 
(Not offered 1939-1940.) 

A study of decompositions, rearrangements, and condensations induced by 
heat. Williams. 

Chem. 235 B s. Physical Aspects of Organic Chemistry (2) — Two lectures. 

The practical applications of modern theories of physics and physical 
chemistry to the problems of structure and reactions of organic substances. 

Williams. 

Chem. 235 C s. The Chemistry of the Carbohydrates (2) — Two lectures. 
(Not offered 1939-1940.) 

A study of the sugars, the polysaccharides, and their derivatives. Williams. 

D. Physical Chemistry 
Courses for Graduates and Advanced Undergraduates 

Chem. 102 A y. Physical Chemistry (6) — Three lectures. Prerequisites, 
Chem. 6 y; Phys. 2 y; Math. 16 y. Graduate students will elect Chem. 219 f 
and s. 

This course aims to furnish the student with a thorough background in the 
laws of theories of chemistry. The gas laws, kinetic theory, liquids, solutions, 
elementary thermodynamics, thermochemistry, equilibrium, chemical kinetics, 
etc., will be discussed. Haring. 

Chem. 103 A y. Elements of Physical Chemistry (4) — Two lectures. Pre- 
requisites, Chem. 1 y, Phys. 1 y, Math. 8 f and 10 s or 21 f and 22 s. 

The course is designed to meet the needs of premedical students and others 
unable to pursue the subject further. Accordingly such topics as solution 



38 CHEMISTRY 

theory, colloid chemistry, reaction rates, equilibrium, the methods of determin- 
ing pH, etc. are stressed. Lamb. 

Chem. 103 B y. Elements of Physical Chemistry Laboratory (2) — One 

laboratory. This course must be taken by undergraduates enrolled in Chem. 
103 A y. Prerequisite, Chem. 4 f or s. 

Numerous quantitative experiments illustrating the principles discussed 

in Chem. 103 A y are performed. Lamb. 

Chem. 105 y. Elements of Chemical Thermodynamics (4) — Two lectures. 
Prerequisite, Chem. 102 A y. 

This course is designed for Chemical Engineering majors and is less extensive 
than Chem. 218 y but with suitable emphasis on all pertinent topics. Haring. 

Courses for Graduates 

NOTE: All courses in this group have, as prerequisites, Chem. 102 A y for 
lecture courses and Chem. 102 B y for laboratory courses, or their equivalents. 

Chem. 212 A f and s. Colloid Chemistry (4) — Two lectures. 
A discussion of the effects of surface on chemical reactions with numerous 
practical applications. Haring. 

Chem. 212 B f and s. Colloid Chemistry Laboratory (4) — Two laboratories, 
which must accompany or be preceded by Chem. 212 A f. and s. Haring. 

Chem. 213 f. Phase Rule (2)— Two lectures. (Not given in 1939-1940.) 
A systematic study of heterogeneous equilibria. One, two, and three com- 
ponent systems will be considered, with practical applications of each. 

Haring. 

Chem. 214 f and s. Structure of Matter (4) — Two lectures. 

A study of the structure of atoms, molecules, solids and liquids. Molecular 
structure and related topics will be studied from the standpoints of dipole 
moments, Raman spectra and infra-red spectra. Lamb. 

Chem. 215 s. Catalysis (2)— Two lectures. (Not given in 1939-1940.) 
This course consists of lectures on the theory and applications of catalysis. 

Haring. 

Chem. 216 f and s. Reaction Kinetics (4) — Two lectures. (Not given in 
1939-1940.) 

A study of reaction velocity and mechanisms of reactions in gaseous and 
liquid systems, and the effect of temperature, radiation, etc. on the same. 

Lamb. 

Chem. 217 A f and s. Electrochemistry (4) — Two lectures. (Not given in 
1939-1940.) 
A theoretical discussion coupled with practical applications. Haring. 

Chem. 217 B f and s. Electrochemistry Laboratory (4) — Two laboratories, 
which must accompany or be preceded by Chem. 217 A f and s. (Not given in 
1939-1940.) Haring. 



CHEMISTRY 39 

Chem. 218 y. Chemical Thermodynamics (4) — Two lectures. 
A study of the methods of approaching chemical problems through the laws 
of energy. Haring. 

Chem. 219 f and s. Physical Chemistry Laboratory (4 or 6)— Two labor- 
atories and one conference. 

Students taking this course may elect 6 credits of lectures in Chem. 102 
A y to replace the conference. Lamb. 



E. Biological Chemistry 

Courses for Graduates and Advanced Undergraduates 

Chem. 108 f or s. General Physiological Chemistry (4) — Two lectures; two 
laboratories. Prerequisites, Chem. 12 A y and Chem. 12 B y or their equivalent. 

This course is a study of the fundamental principles of human nutrition, 
the chemistry of foods, digestion, absorption, assimilation, metabolism, tissue 
composition and excretion. The laboratory work consists of experiments in 
food analysis, salivary, gastric, pancreatic and intestinal digestion, and identi- 
fication of components of blood and urine. Supplee. 

Chem. 115 y. Food Analysis (4) — Two laboratories. (By special arrange- 
ment a student may take this course one semester for two hours credit.) Pre- 
requisite, Chem. 12 A y and Chem. 12 B y or their equivalent. 

This course is designed to give the student experience in analytical precedures 
of particular benefit to workers in the food industries. Particular attention 
is given to the problems presented in sampling, and in applying standard 
methods to different types of products. Analytical determinations of value 
in detecting and estimating various types of decomposition are also stressed. 

Supplee. 

Courses for Graduates 

Chem. 208 f or s. Biological Analysis (2) — Two laboratories. 

A course in analytical methods of value to the student whose major field is 
in the biological sciences. The work is varied somewhat to fit the needs or 
interest of the individual student. Supplee. 

Chem. 223 A f and s. Physiological Chemistry (4) — -Two lectures. Prerequi- 
sites, Chem. 12 A y and Chem. 12 B y or their equivalent. 

An advanced course in physiological chemistry. For the first semester the 
course consists of lectures and assigned reading on the chemistry of the car- 
bohydrates, fats, proteins and enzymes. The second semester deals with 
digestion, absorption, metabolism, excretion, hormones and nutrition. 

Supplee. 

Chem. 223 B f and s. Physiological Chemistry Laboratory (4) — Two labor- 
atories. Prerequisites, Chem. 4 f or s and 12 A y and 12 B y or their equivalent. 

A laboratory course to accompany Chem. 223 A f and s. Qualitative and 
quantitative food analysis; digestion, nutrition, metabolism, and respiration 
experiments; and quantitative analysis of the blood and urine. Supplee. 



40 CHEMICAL ENGINEERING 

Chem. 224 f or s. Special Problems (4-8) — A total of eight credit hours 
may be obtained in this course by continuing the course for two semesters. 
Laboratory, library, and conference work amounting to a minimum of 10 hours 
a week. Prerequisites, Chem. 223 A f and s and consent of the instructor. 

This course consists of studies of special methods, such as the separation 
of the fatty acids from a selected fat, the preparation of carbohydrates or amino 
acids, the determination of the distribution of nitrogen in a protein or the 
detailed analysis of some specific type of tissue. The student will choose the 
particular problem to be studied with the advice of the instructor. 

Broughton. 

F. History of Chemistry 

Courses for Graduates and Advanced Undergraduates 

Chem. 121 y. The History of Chemistry (2) — One lecture. Prerequisite, 
Chem. 1 y and Chem. 8 y, or their equivalent. 

The development of chemical knowledge, and especially of the general 
doctrines of chemistry which have been gradually evolved, from their earliest 
beginnings up to the present day. Staff. 



G. Seminar and Research 

Courses for Graduates 

Chem. 228 f and s. Seminar (2). Required of all graduate students in 
chemistry. 

Students are required to prepare reports on papers in the current literature. 
These are discussed in connection with the recent advances in the subject. 

Staff. 

Chem. 229. Research in Chemistry. The investigation of special problems 
and the preparation of a thesis towards an advanced degree. Staff. 



CHEMICAL ENGINEERING 

Courses for Graduates and Advanced Undergraduates 

Ch. E. 102 s. Water, Fuels, and Lubricants (3 or 4) — Two lectures; one 
or two laboratories. Prerequisites, Chem. 8 A y and 8 B y, Phys. 2 y. 

Laboratory work consists of exercises in the usual control methods for test- 
ing water, fuels, and lubricants, and some related engineering materials. 

Ch. E. 103 y. Elements of Chemical Engineering (6) — Three lectures. 
Prerequisites, Chem. 8 A y and 8 B y, Phys. 2 y. 

Theoretical discussion of general underlying philosophy and methods in 
chemical engineering, such as presentation of data, material balances, and 
heat balances. Illustrated by consideration of typical unit operations, including 
problems. 



CHEMICAL ENGINEERING 41 

Ch. E. 104 y. Chemical Engineering Seminar (2). Required of all students 
in chemical engineering. 

Students prepare reports on current problems in chemical engineering and 
participate in the discussion of such reports. 

Ch. E. 105 y. Advanced Unit Operations (10) — Two lectures; three labor- 
atories. Prerequisite, Ch. E. 103 y and Chem. 102 A y. 

Advanced theoretical treatment of fluid flow, heat flow, evaporation, humid- 
ity, distillation, absorption, scrubbing, and analogous unit operations typical 
of chemical engineering. Problems and laboratory operation of small scale 
semi-commercial type equipment. A comprehensive problem involving theory 
and laboratory operations is included to illustrate the development of a plant 
design problem that requires the utilization of a number of the fundamental 
topics. 

Ch. E. 106 y. Minor Problems (13). Prerequisite, completion of third year 
chemical engineering course or permission of Department of Chemical Engineer- 
ing. 

Original work on a special problem assigned to each student, including 
preparation of a complete report covering the study. 

Ch. E. 107 y. Fuels and their Utilization (4). Two lectures. Prerequisite, 
completion of third year chemical engineering course or permission of Depart- 
ment of Chemical Engineering. 

A 6tudy of the sources of solid, liquid, and gaseous fuels, their economic 
conversion, distribution, and utilization. Problems. 

Ch. E. 108 y. Chemical Technology (4) — Two lectures. Prerequisite, Ch. E. 
103 y. Also open to advanced students in chemistry. 

A study of the principal chemical industries. Plant inspections, trips, re- 
ports, and problems. 

Courses for Graduates 

Ch. E. 201 y. Graduate Unit Operations (10 or more). Prerequisite, permis- 
sion of Department of Chemical Engineering. 

Advanced theoretical treatment of typical unit operations in chemical 
engineering. Problems. Laboratory operation of small scale semi-commercial 
type equipment with supplementary reading, conferences and reports. Huff. 

Ch. E. 202 s. Gas Analysis (3) — One lecture; two laboratories. Prerequisite, 
permission of Department of Chemical Engineering. 

Quantitative determination of common gases, fuel gases, gaseous vapors 
and important gaseous impurities. Problems. Machwart. 

Ch. E. 207 A f, 208 A s. Plant Design Studies (3, 3). Three lectures. 

An examination of the fundamentals entering into the selection of processes, 
the specifications for and choice and location of equipment and plant sites. 
Problems. 

Ch. E. 207 B f, 208 B s. Plant Design Studies Laboratory (2, 2). Six hours 



42 COMPARATIVE LITERATURE 

of laboratory work which may be elected, to accompany or to follow Ch. E. 
207 A and 208 A. 

Ch. E. 209 y. Gaseous Fuels (4). Two lectures. Prerequisite, permission 
of Department of Chemical Engineering. An advanced treatment of some of 
the underlying scientific principles involved in the production, transmission, 
and utilization of gaseous fuels. Problem in the design and selection of equip- 
ment. 

Ch. E. 203 f, 204 s. Graduate Seminar (1, 1). Required of all graduate 
students in chemical engineering. 

Students prepare reports on current problems in chemical engineering and 
participate in the discussion of such reports. Staff. 

Ch. E. 205 f, 206 s. Research in Chemical Engineering. 
The investigation of special problems and the preparation of a thesis in 
partial fulfillment of the requirements of an advanced degree. 

COMPARATIVE LITERATURE 

Courses for Graduates and Advanced Undergraduates 

The work in Comparative Literature is offered jointly by the faculties of 
the Department of English and the Department of Modern Languages. 

A minor only may be taken in Comparative Literature. English 113 f. and 
114 s may be counted as Comparative Literature by students who have had 
Comparative Literature 105 f and 106 s. English 124 s may also be counted 
as Comparative Literature. 

Comp. Lit. 101 f. Introductory Survey of Comparative Literature (3) — Three 
lectures. 

Survey of the background of European literature through study in English 
translations of Greek and Latin literature. Special emphasis is laid on Greek 
drama along with the development of the epic, tragedy, comedy, and other 
typical forms of literary expression. The debt of modern literature to the 
ancients is discussed and illustrated. Zucker. 

Comp. Lit. 102 s. Introductory Survey of Comparative Literature (3) — Three 
lectures. 

Continuation of Comp. Lit. 101 f ; study of medieval and modern Continental 
literature. Zucker. 

Comp. Lit. 103 f. Types of World Literature (2)— Two lectures. 

An historical and critical survey of the principal types of world literature, 
with special attention to the influence of classical myth and legend and of 
classical literary ideals upon English and American writers. Harman. 

Comp. Lit. 104 s. The Old Testament as Literature (2) — Two lectures. 
A study of the sources, development, and literary types. Hale. 

Comp. Lit. 105 f. Romanticism in France (3) — Three lectures. 



DAIRY HUSBANDRY 43 

Lectures and readings in the French romantic writers from Rousseau to 
Baudelaire. Texts are read in English translations. Wilcox. 

Comp. Lit. 106 s. Romanticism in Germany (3) — Three lectures. 
Continuation of Comp. Lit. 105 f. German literature from Buerger to 
Heine. The reading is done in English translations. Prahl. 

Comp. Lit. 107 f. The Faust Legend in English and German Literature (2) — 

Two lectures. 

A study of the Faust Legend of the Middle Ages and its later treatment 
by Marlowe in Dr. Faustus and by Goethe in Faust. Prahl. 

Comp. Lit. 112 f. Ibsen (2)— Two lectures. 

A study of the life and chief works of Ibsen with special emphasis on his 
influence on the modern drama. Zucker. 

Courses for Graduates 

Comp. Lit. 200 s. The History of the Theatre (2) — Two lectures. Prerequisite, 
a wide acquaintance with modern drama and some knowledge of the Greek 
drama. 

A detailed study of the history of the European theatre. Individual research 
problems will be assigned for term papers. Hale. 



DAIRY HUSBANDRY 

Courses for Graduates and Advanced Undergraduates 

D. H. 101 f. Dairy Cattle Feeding and Herd Management (3) — Two lectures; 
one laboratory. Prerequisites, D. H. 1 f, D. H. 21 s, and A. H. 102 f. 

A comprehensive course in dairy cattle feeding and herd management 
designed for advanced students in dairy husbandry. It covers the efficient 
feeding of the dairy herd, including milking cows, dairy heifers, calves, and 
dairy bulls; common diseases of dairy cattle and their treatment; dairy farm 
sanitation; problems of herd management; dairy barns and equipment; and 
the factors essential for success in the dairy farm business. Turk. 

D. H. 105 s. Dairy Breeds and Breeding (2) — One lecture; one laboratory. 
Prerequisite, D. H. 2 s. 

A study of the historical background, characteristics, noted individuals 
and families, and the more important blood lines in the Holstein, Guernsey, 
Ayrshire and Jersey breeds. Berry. 

D. H. 108 f. Dairy Manufacturing (5) — Two lectures; two 4-hour labora- 
tories. Prerequisites, D. H. 1 f and Bact. 1. 

The principles and practice of making casein, cheese and butter, including 
a study of the physical, chemical and biological factors involved. Laboratory- 
practice will include visits to commercial factories. England. 

D. h. 109 s. Dairy Manufacturing (5) — Two lectures; two 4-hour labora- 
tories. Prerequisites, D. H. 1 f and Bact. 1. 



44 DAIRY HUSBANDRY 

The principles and practice of making condensed milk and milk powder, 
and ice cream, including a study of the physical, chemical and biological 
factors involved. Laboratory practice will include visits to commercial factories. 

England. 

D. H. 110 f. Market Milk (5) — Three lectures; two laboratories. Pre- 
requisites, D. H. 1 f and Bact. 1. (Not given in 1939-1940.) 

Commercial and economic phases of market milk, with special reference to 
its transportation; processing and distribution; certified milk; commercial 
buttermilk; milk laws; duties of milk inspectors; distribution; milk plant con- 
struction and operation. Laboratory practice includes visits to local dairies. 

England. 

D. H. Ill s. Analysis of Dairy Products (3) — One lecture; one 4-hour labor- 
atory. Prerequisites, D. H. 1 f, Bact. 1, Chem. 4 f or s, Chem. 12 y. 

The application of chemical and bacteriological methods to commercial 
dairy practice; analysis by standard chemical, bacteriological, and factory 
methods; standardization and composition control; tests for adulterants and 
preservatives. PJngland. 

D. H. 119 f, 120 s. Dairy Literature (1, 1) — One lecture. Prerequisite, 
D. H. 1 f and D. H. 2 s. 

Presentation and discussion of current literature in dairying. 

England, Berry. 

D. H. 121 y. Methods of Dairy Research (1-3). Credit in accordance with 
the amount and character of work done. 

This course is designed especially to meet the needs of those dairy students 
who plan to enter the research or technical field of dairying. Methods of con- 
ducting dairy research and the presentation of results are stressed. A research 
problem which relates specifically to the work the student is pursuing will be 
assigned. England, Berry. 

Courses for Graduates 

D. H. 201 f. Advanced Dairy Production (3). 

A study of the newer discoveries in animal nutrition, breeding, and manage- 
ment. Readings and assignments. Turk. 

D. H. 205 f or s. Seminar (1). 

Students are required to prepare papers based upon research in progress 
or completed for presentation before and discussion by the class. Staff. 

D. H. 203 s. Milk Products (2)— Two lectures. 

An advanced consideration of the scientific and technical aspects of milk 
products. England. 

D. H. 204 f or s. Special Problems in Dairying (1-3) — Credit in accordance 
with the amount and character of work done. 

Special problems which relate specifically to the work the student is pursuing 
will be assigned. Staff. 

D. H. 202 f. Dairy Technology (2)— Two lectures. 



ECONOMICS 45 

A consideration of milk and dairy products from the physio-chemical point 
of view. England. 

D. H. 206. Research. — Credit to be determined by the amount and quality 
of work done. 

The student will be required to pursue, with the approval of the head of 
the department, an original investigation in some phase of dairy husbandry, 
carry the same to completion, and report results in the form of a thesis. 

Meade, Turk, England. 

ECONOMICS 

Some of the specialized courses in the following lists may be offered only 
in alternate years, whenever prospective enrollments therein do not justify 
repeating annually. Such courses are indicated by an asterisk. 

See also related courses in Business Administration and in Agricultural 
Economics. 



Courses for Graduates and Advanced Undergraduates 

Econ. 130 f. Labor Economics (3). Prerequisite, Econ. 51 y or 57. 

Insecurity, wages and income, hours, substandard workers, industrial con- 
flict; wage theories; the economics of collective bargaining; unionism in its 
structural and functional aspects; recent developments. Marshall. 

Econ. 131 s.* Labor and Government (3). Prerequisite, Econ. 51 y. (Prob- 
ably not offered in 1939-1940.) 

A study of society's efforts through legislation to improve labor conditions. 
State and federal laws and court decisions affecting wages, hours, working 
conditions, immigration, convict labor, union activities, industrial disputes, 
collective bargaining, and economic security. Marshall. 

Econ. 133 f.* Industrial Relations (3). Prerequisite, Econ. 51 y. 

A study of the development and methods of organized groups in industry 
with reference to the settlement of labor disputes. An economic and legal 
analysis of labor union and employer association activities, arbitration, media- 
tion, and conciliation; collective bargaining, trade agreements, strikes, boy- 
cotts, lockouts, company unions, employee representation, and injunctions. 

Marshall. 

Econ. 136 s.* Economics of Consumption (3). Prerequisite, Econ. 51 y or 57. 

The place of the consumer in our economic system. An analysis of demand 
for consumer goods. The need for consumer-consciousness and a technique 
of consumption. Cooperative and governmental agencies for consumers. 
Special problems. Marshall. 

Econ. 145 s.* Public Utilities (3). Prerequisite, Econ. 51 y or 57. 

Economic and legal characteristics of the public utility status; problems 
of organization, production, marketing, and finance; public regulation and 
alternatives. Layton. 



46 ECONOMICS 

Econ. 151 f.* Theories of Economic Reform (3). Prerequisite, Econ. 51 y. 

An investigation of some of the more important social reform movements 
and programs of the modern era. The course begins with an examination 
and evaluation of the capitalistic system, followed by an analysis of alternative 
types of economic control. Marshall. 

Econ. 152 s.* Social Control of Business (3). Prerequisite, sophomore 
economics and 0. & M. 101 and 102, or concurrent registration therein. 

The reasons for, and the methods of avoidance, escape, and abuse of com- 
petition as a regulating force in business; social control as a substitute for, or as 
a modification of preservation of competition; law as an instrument of social 
control through administrative law and tribunals; the constitutional aspects 
of social control. Layton. 

Econ. 153 f.* Industrial Combination (3). Prerequisite, Econ. 51 y. 

The development of industrial combinations in the United States; the causes 
which brought about the trust movement; trade and business methods em- 
ployed by these combinations; types of big business; anti-trust legislation in 
this country and its effects. 

Econ. 161 f. Economics of Cooperative Organization (3). Prerequisite, 
Econ. 51 y or 57. 

Analysis of the principles and practice of cooperation in economic activity 
from the viewpoint of effective management and public interest. Potentialities, 
limitations, and management problems of consumer, producer, marketing, 
financial, and business men's cooperatives. Stevens. 

Econ. 191 s. Contemporary Economic Theory (3). 

A survey of recent trends in English, American and Continental economic 
thought with special attention paid to the institutionalists, the welfare 
economists, and the mathematical economists. Gruchy. 

Courses for Graduates 

Econ. 201 f, 202 s. Research (1-3). Credit in proportion to work accom- 
plished. Students must be especially qualified to pursue effectively the research 
to be undertaken. Staff. 

Econ. 203 y. Seminar (4). Prerequisite, concurrent graduate major in econo- 
mics or business administration, and consent of instructor. 

Discussion of major problems in the field of economic theory, accounting, 
cooperation, or business. Staff. 

Econ. 205 f. History of Economic Thought (3). 

A study of the development of economic thought and theories, including the 
Ancients, the Greeks, the Romans, Scholasticism, Mercantilism, Physiocrats, 
Adam Smith and contemporaries, Malthus, Ricardo, and John Stuart Mill. 

Marshall. 

Econ. 206 s. Economic Theory in the Nineteenth Century (3). 

A study of the various schools of economic thought, particularly the classi- 
cists, the neo-classicists, the Austrians, and the socialists. Marshall. 



EDUCATION 47 

Econ. 210 f and s. Special Problems in Economic Investigation (1-3 each 
semester). Credit in proportion to work accomplished. (Not offered in 1939- 
1940.) 

Technique involved in economic research. Practice in drawing up sched- 
ules and programs. Individual conferences and reports. Stevens. 

Econ. 233 s. Problems in Industrial Relations (3). Prerequisites, pre- 
liminary courses in the field of specialization, and permission of the instructor. 
The subjects selected for study may be closely allied with, but must not be 
the same as, the subject discussed in the student's major thesis. Marshall. 

Econ. 252 s. Problems in Government and Business Interrelations (3). 
Prerequisites, preliminary courses in the field of specialization, and permission 
of the instructor. The subjects selected for study may be closely allied with, 
but must not be the same as, the subject discussed in the student's major 
thesis. Layton. 

Econ. 299 f and s. Problems in Economics of Cooperation (1-3 each semester). 

Prerequisites, six semester hours in accounting, three in finance, three in statis- 
tics, eight in economics and three in cooperative theory. Problems may involve 
practical work with the National Cooperative Council and other Washington, 
D. C, or Maryland cooperative organizations. The subjects selected for in- 
vestigation may be closely allied with, but must not be the same as, the sub- 
ject discussed in the student's major thesis. Stevens. 



EDUCATION 
A. History and Principles 

Courses for Graduates and Advanced Undergraduates 

Ed. 100 f. The Development of American Educational Institutions (2). 

The course traces the origins and development of the concepts and practices 
which now characterize contemporary American education. The elementary 
and secondary schools, teacher training, and higher education will be considered, 
as well as the emergence of the junior high school and the junior college. Long. 

Ed. 101 f. History of Education: Greco-Roman, Medieval, and Early 
Modern Education (2). 

A survey of the evolution in Europe of educational theory, institutions, and 
practices from the Greco-Roma a era to 1750. Long. 

Ed. 102 s. History of Modern Education (2). Continuation of Ed. 101 f. 

The survey of the modern period is directed to the creators of modern educa- 
tion and the bases on which modern educational systems have been founded in 
various countries. Long. 

Ed. 103 s. The High School (3). 

The secondary school population, its nature and needs; the school as an 
instrument of society; relation of the secondary school to other schools; aims of 
secondary education; curriculum and method in relation to aims; extra- 



48 EDUCATION 

curricular activities; guidance and placement; the school's opportunities for 
service to its community; teacher certification and employment in Maryland 
and the District of Columbia. Brechbill. 

Ed. 105 f. Educational Measurements (3) — Prerequisite, consent of in- 
structor. 

A study of tests and examinations with emphasis upon their construction 
and use. Types of tests; purposes of testing; elementary statistical concepts, 
and processes used in summarizing and analyzing test results; school marks. 

Brechbill. 

Ed. 107 f. Comparative Education (Europe) (2). 

The forces that cause different systems of education, and the characteristic 
differences in the educational policies and practices in various countries are 
studied in this course. The major emphasis is upon the principal European 
countries. Long. 

Ed. 110 f. The Junior High School (3). 

Definition and history of the junior high school; physical, mental, and social 
traits of the junior high school pupil; purposes, functions, and limitations; types 
of reorganized schools; articulation with lower and higher schools; duties and 
responsibilities of the administrative and teaching staff; the program of studies; 
exploratory courses; departmentalization; provisions for individual differences; 
the guidance program; significant problems and challenges implied in present 
trends. Powers. 

Ed. Ill for s. Lives of Scientists (2). 

A study of the major achievements and interesting incidents in the lives of 
the pioneers of science. Though designed especially to provide enrichment 
material for the use of high school teachers, the course is of general cultural 
value. Brechbill. 

Ed. 193 f. Visual Education (2). 

Visual impressions in their relation to learning; investigations into the 
effectiveness of instruction by visual means; projection apparatus, its cost and 
operations; slides, film strips, and films; physical principles underlying pro- 
jection; the integration of visual materials with organized courses of study; 
means of utilizing commercial moving pictures as an aid in realizing the aims 
of the school. Brechbill. 

See also "Agricultural Education and Rural Life." 



Courses for Graduates 

Ed. 200 f. Organization and Administration of Public Education (2). 
This course deals objectively with the organization, administration, cur- 
ricula, and present status of public education in the United States. Small. 

Ed. 201 s. Educational Interpretations (2). 

A study of the social, economic, political, and cultural environment in which 
American educational institutions and policies have developed, and of the 
function of education in environmental change. Small. 



EDUCATION 49 

Ed. 202 f. The Organization and Administration of Secondary Schools (2). 

This course will consider the principal's duties in relation to organization of 
secondary school units; selecting and assigning the staff; schedule making; 
school records and accounting systems; organization of guidance and extra- 
curricular activities; testing and the marking system; public relations and 
publicity; professional improvement. Powers. 

Ed. 203 s. High School Supervision (2). 

This course will deal with the nature and functions of supervision in a 
modern school program; recent trends in supervisory theory and practice; 
teacher participation in the determination of policies; planning of supervisory 
programs; appraisal of teaching methods; curriculum reorganization and 
other direct and indirect means for the improvement of instruction. Powers. 

Ed. 215 f and s. Seminar in Secondary Education (2-3). 
A study of pressing problems with which secondary education is faced at the 
present time. Powers. 

Ed. 216 f. Seminar in Youth Problems (2). 

The major topics presented will concern the present status of youth; problems 
of equalizing educational opportunities; finding employment for youth; 
establishing economic security; guidance of youth; preparation for occupational 
efficiency; reorganization of general secondary education; training for con- 
structive use of leisure; health education; implications for citizenship training; 
and community planning of youth programs. Powers. 

Ed. 217 s. Research Problems in Youth Education (2). For students who 
have had Ed. 216 f or equivalent preparation. 

Each student will be required to select some one problem for special investiga- 
tion. A satisfactory term report will be required before credit for the course 
will be allowed. Powers. 

Ed. 250 y. Seminar in Education (2-4). 

In 1939-1940, the seminar will deal with two subjects. First semester: 
educational biography — chief contributors to theory and practice of American 
education. Second semester: the major educational foundations and associa- 
tions. Small and Staff. 

See also "Agricultural Education and Rural Life." 



B. Educational Psychology 



See "Psychology." 



C. Methods in High School Subjects 

Courses for Graduates and Advanced Undergraduates 

Graduate credit for courses in this section will be given only by special 
permission of the Department of Education. 

Ed. 120 s. English in the High School (2)— Prerequisite, Psych. 10 f or s. 



50 EDUCATION 

Objectives in English in the different types of high schools; selection and 
organization of subject-matter in terms of modern practice and group needs; 
evaluation of texts and references; bibliographies; methods of procedure and 
types of lessons; the use of auxiliary materials; lesson plans; measuring results. 

Smith. 

Ed. 122 s. The Social Studies in the High School (2)— Prerequisite, Psych. 
10 f or s. 

Selection and organization of subject-matter in relation to the objectives 
and present trends in the social studies; texts and bibliographies; methods of 
procedure and types of lessons; the use of auxiliary materials; lesson plans; 
measuring results. 

Ed. 124 s. Modern Language in the High School (2) — Prerequisite, Psych. 
10 f or s. 

Objectives of modern language teaching in the high school; selection and 
organization of subject-matter in relation to modern practices and group 
needs; evaluation of texts and references; bibliographies; methods of pro- 
cedure and types of lessons; lesson plans; special devices, measuring results. 

Ed. 126 s. Science in the High School (2) — Prerequisite, Psych. 10 f or s. 

Objectives of science teaching; their relation to the general objectives 
and secondary education; application of the principles of psychology and 
of teaching to the science class room situation; selection and organization of 
subject-matter; history, trends, and status; textbooks, reference works, and 
laboratory equipment; technique of class room and laboratory; measurement, 
standardized tests; professional organizations and literature. Brechbill. 

Ed. 128 s. Mathematics in the High School (2) — Prerequisite, Psych. 10 
f or s. 

Objectives; the place of mathematics in secondary education; content and 
construction of courses; recent trends; textbooks and equipment; methods of 
instruction, measurements and standardized tests; professional organizations 
and literature. Brechbill. 

Ed. 130 f. High School Course of Study — Composition (2). 
Content and organization of the materials of written and oral composition 
in the junior and the senior high school. Smith. 

Ed. 131 s. High School Course of Study— Literature (2). 
Content and organization of the literature course in the junior and the senior 
high school. Smith. 

Ed. 135 f. High School Course of Study— Geometry (2). 
Content and organization of intuitive and demonstrative geometry. Methods 
of analysis and problem solving. Brechbill. 

Ed. 136 f. High School Course of Study— Biology (2). 

Content and organization of high school biology. Brechbill. 

Ed. 137 s. High School Course of Study — General Science (2). 



EDUCATION 51 

Content and organization of general science in the junior and the senior 
high school. Brechbill. 

Ed. 138 f. High School Course of Study— Social Studies (2). 
Content and organization of the materials of the social studies in the junior 
and the senior high school. 

Ed. 139 for s. Supervised Teaching of High School Subjects (2). 
Observation and supervised teaching. Minimum of 20 periods. Staff. 



D. Home Economics Education 
Courses for Graduates and Advanced Undergraduates 
H. E. Ed. 105 for s. Special Problems, Child Study (4). McNaughton. 

Courses for Graduates 

H. E. Ed. 201 for s. Advanced Methods of Teaching Home Economics (2-4). 
Study of social trends as applied to the teaching of home economics. 

McNaughton. 

H. E. Ed. 250 y. Seminar in Home Economics Education (2-4). (See Ed. 

250 y.) McNaughton. 

E. Industrial Education 

No courses are offered at College Park in 1939-1940. 

For courses offered in Baltimore, consult the "Department of Industrial 
Education Announcement of Baltimore Education Courses" issued in August, 
1939. Address Professor Glen D. Brown, Department of Industrial Education, 
University of Maryland, Lombard and Greene Streets, Baltimore, Maryland. 

F. Physical Education 
Courses for Graduates and Advanced Undergraduates 

Ed. 142 f. Physical Education in the High School (2). Prerequisites, Psych. 
10 f and Ed. 5 s. 

Objectives of physical education in high school situations; materials and 
procedures in relation to lesson planning, handling classes, physical examina- 
tions, discipline, records, grading, program, and the like. 

Ed. 143 f. Methods in Recreation (2). 

Major functions of recreation; selection and organization of subject matter; 
methods of instruction; planning, directing, and supervising projects for 
worthwhile achievements will be considered. 

Ed. 145 s. Teaching Health (2). Prerequisites, Phys. Ed. 11 f, 13 f, 16 s. 
This course surveys the materials and methods for teaching health. 



52 ENGLISH LANGUAGE AND LITERATURE 

Courses for Graduates 

Phys. Ed. 201 f or s. Administration of Health and Physical Education (3). 

This course is designed to aid in solving problems incident to the administra- 
tion of health and physical education in public schools. An attempt is made 
to set up standards for evaluating the effectiveness of programs of health and 
physical education. Mackert. 



ENGLISH LANGUAGE AND LITERATURE 
Special Departmental Requirements for Degrees 

Master of Arts 

1. Candidates for the degree of Master of Arts in the Department of English 
must demonstrate a reading knowledge of French or German at the time of 
admission, or not later than six months before taking the degree. 

2. In the thesis the candidate will be expected to demonstrate his ability 
to use the ordinary method of research in the discovery of knowledge and to 
organize and present his findings in a clear, effective English style. 

3. The final examination will be based in part upon the courses pursued and 
in part upon first-hand knowledge of all the literary works included in the 
departmental list of reading for the Master's degree. The examination will test 
the candidate's powers of analysis and criticism. 

4. Major work may be done in any of the five following fields, the required 
courses for which follow: 

a. General major in English and American literature (designed chiefly 
for teachers in high schools) : Old English, and a total of six hours from the 
following groups: (1) Elizabethan Drama or an Elizabethan seminar, 
(2) Milton, (3) Literature of the Eighteenth century, either undergraduate 
or seminar, (4) Prose and Poetry of the Romantic Age or Seminar in the 
Romantic Period, (5) Contemporary American Prose and Poetry or 
Seminar in American Literature. 

b. Major work in English literature: Old English, and at least six hours 
from seminar courses in Medieval Romance, the Elizabethan Period, the 
Eighteenth century, the Romantic Period, the Victorian Period, Beowulf. 

c. Major work in American literature: the Seminar in American Liter- 
ature, and at least six hours from the advanced undergraduate courses in 
American literature. 

d. Major work in Drama: History of the Theatre, and at least six 
hours of the following: Introduction to Comparative Literature, Medieval 
Drama, Contemporary Drama, Elizabethan Drama, Modern Drama, 
American Drama, Ibsen, The Faust Legend, Spanish Drama. 

e. Major work in Philology: Old English, Beowulf, Middle English, 
Gothic, and either Medieval Romance or Chaucer. 

Minor work may also be elected in these fields, but no major and minor com- 
bination of (a) with either (b) or (c) will be permitted. 



ENGLISH LANGUAGE AND LITERATURE 53 

Doctor of Philosophy 

1. The following courses are required of candidates for the doctorate: 

a. Three credit hours in Comparative Literature. 

b. Six credit hours in Old English, English 102 f and 103 s, plus four 

credit hours in an Old English Seminar. 

c. Four credit hours in Middle English Language and Gothic. 

2. Candidates must pass a comprehensive written examination, preferably 
one year before they expect to be awarded degrees. This examination will in- 
clude linguistics (morphology and phonology) and each of the major literary 
fields, specifically: (1) Old English, (2) Middle English, (3) the Drama, (4) the 
Sixteenth and Seventeenth Centuries, (5) the Eighteenth and Nineteenth 
Centuries. 

3. Major work for the degree may be done in American literature or in 
English literature; minor work may be done in these fields and also in Drama 
and Philology. 



Courses for Graduates and Advanced Undergraduates 

Eng. 100 f and s. Advanced Composition (2) — Two lectures. Prerequisites, 
Eng. 1 y and Eng. 2 f and 3 s. Course complete in one semester, but may be 
taken a second semester for credit. 

Theory and practice in the larger forms, the types to be varied each semester 
at the election of the class. 

Eng. 101 s. History of the English Language (3) — Three lectures. Prereq- 
uisite, Eng. 14 f. 

An historical survey of the English language; its nature, origin and develop- 
ment, with special stress upon structural and phonetic changes in English 
speech and upon the rules which govern modern usage. Harman. 

Eng. 102 f. Old English (3)— Three lectures. Prerequisite, Eng. 14 f. 
A study of Old English grammar and literature. Lectures on the principles of 
phonetics and comparative philology. Harman. 

Eng. 103 s. Beowulf (3)— Three lectures. Prerequisite, Eng. 102 f. 
A study of the Old English epic in the original. Stress on philology, syntax, 
versification. Harman. 

Eng. 104 f. Chaucer (3) — Three lectures. Prerequisite, Eng. 1 y and Eng. 2 
f and 3 s. 

A 6tudy of the Canterbury Tales, Troilus and Criseyde, and the principal 
minor poems, with lectures and readings on the social background of Chaucer's 
time. Hale. 

Eng. 105 f. Medieval Drama in England (3) — Three lectures. Prerequisites, 
Eng. 1 y and Eng. 2 f and 3 s. 



54 ENGLISH LANGUAGE AND LITERATURE 

A study of the development of medieval English drama from its beginning to 
1540. Class discussion of significant plays, outside reading, reports. 

Fitzhugh. 

Eng. 106 s. Elizabethan Drama (3) — Three lectures. Prerequisites, Eng. 1 y 
and Eng. 2 f and 3 s. 

A study of the change in spirit and form of English drama from 1540 to 1640, 
as seen in the works of the important dramatists other than Shakespeare. 
Class discussion of significant plays, outside reading, reports. Zeeveld. 

Eng. 107 s. Elizabethan Non-Dramatic Literature (3) — Three lectures. 
Prerequisites, Eng. 2 f and 3 s. (Not given in 1939-1940.) 

Survey of the non-dramatic poetry and prose from 1557 to 1600, with 
emphasis upon the sonnet cycle, the epic, and the beginnings of fiction. 

Zeeveld. 

Eng. 108 f. Milton (2) — Two lectures. Prerequisites, Eng. 1 y and Eng. 2 f 
and 3 s. 

A study of the poetry and the chief prose works. Murphy. 

Eng. 109 f. Literature of the Seventeenth Century to 1660 (2) — Two lectures. 
Prerequisites, Eng. 1 y and Eng. 2 f and 3 s. 

A study of the chief prose writers and of the Metaphysical and Cavalier 
traditions in poetry. Murphy. 

Eng. 110 s. The Age of Dryden (2) — Two lectures. Prerequisites, Eng. 1 y 
and Eng. 2 f and 3 s. 

This course emphasizes the relation of literature to the philosophical move- 
ments of the age. Murphy. 

Eng. Ill f. Literature of the Eighteenth Century (2) — Two lectures. Pre- 
requisites, Eng. 1 y and Eng. 2 f and 3 s. (Not given in 1939-1940.) 

Readings in the period dominated by Defoe, Swift, Addison, Steele, and 
Pope. Fitzhugh. 

Eng. 112 s. Literature of the Eighteenth Century (2) — Two lectures. Pre- 
requisites, Eng. 1 y and Eng. 2 f and 3 s. (Not given in 1939-1940.) 

A continuation of Eng. Ill f. Dr. Johnson and his circle; the rise of Roman- 
ticism; the Letter Writers. Fitzhugh. 

Eng. 113 f. Prose and Poetry of the Romantic Age (3) — Three lectures. 
Prerequisites, Eng. 1 y and Eng. 2 f and 3 s. 

A study of the development of the Romantic movement in England as 
exemplified by the prose and poetry of Wordsworth, Coleridge, Lamb, De 
Quincy, Landor, and others. 

Eng. 114 s. Prose and Poetry of the Romantic Age (3) — Three lectures. 
Prerequisites, Eng. 1 y and Eng. 2 f and 3 s. 

A study of the later Romantic writers, including Byron, Shelley, Keats, 
Moore, Scott, and others. Hale. 



ENGLISH LANGUAGE ALT) LITERATURE 55 

Eng. 115 f. Scottish Poetry (2) — Two lectures. Prerequisites, Eng. 1 y and 
Eng. 2 f and 3 s. No knowledge of the Scottish dialect required. 

Readings in the Scottish Chaucerians; Drummond of Hawthornden; song 
and ballad literature; poets of the vernacular revival: Ramsay, Ferguson, and 
Burns. Papers and reports. Fitzhugh. 

Eng 116 f, 117 s. Victorian Prose and Poetry (3, 3). Three lectures. Pre- 
requisites, Eng. 1 y and Eng. 2 f and 3 s. 

A study of the chief English authors of the nineteenth century from the 
close of the Romantic Period. 

Eng. 118 s. Modern and Contemporary British Poets (3) — Three lectures. 
Prerequisites, Eng. 1 y and Eng. 2 f and 3 s. 

A study of the chief English and Irish poets of the twentieth century. 

Murphy. 

Eng. 120 f. The History and Development of the Novel in England (3) — 
Three lectures. Prerequisites, Eng. 1 y and Eng. 2 f and 3 s. 

A study of the origin and development of the novel as a form in England 
from the beginning to the nineteenth century. Ide. 

Eng. 121 s. The History and Development of the Novel in England (3) — 

Three lectures. Prerequisites, Eng. 1 y and Eng. 2 f and 3 s. 

A 6tudy of the later development of the English novel in the nineteenth and 
early twentieth centuries. Ide. 

Eng. 123 f. Modern Drama (3) — Three lectures, Prerequisites, Eng. 1 y 
and Eng. 2 f and 3 s. (Not given in 1939-1940.) 

A survey of English drama during the two centuries from 1660 to 1860. 
Class discussion of significant plays, outside reading, reports. Fitzhugh. 

Eng. 124 s. Contemporary Drama (3) — Three lectures. Prerequisites, Eng. 
1 y and Eng. 2 f and 3 s. 

A study of significant European and American dramatists from Ibsen to 
O'Neill. Class discussion of significant plays, outside reading, reports. 

Fitzhugh. 

Eng. 125 f. Emerson, Thoreau, and Whitman (3) — Three lectures. Pre- 
requisites, Eng. 7 f and 8 s. 

A study of the major writings of Emerson, Thoreau, and Whitman, with 
emphasis on transcendentalism, idealism, and democracy. Warfel. 

Eng. 126 s. American Fiction (3) — Three lectures. Prerequisites, Eng. 7 f 
and 8 s. 

Historical and critical study of the short story and novel in the United States 
from 1789 to 1920. Warfel. 

Eng. 127 f. Contemporary American Poetry and Prose (3) — Three lectures. 
Prerequisites, Eng. 7 f and 8 s. (Not given in 1939-1940.) 

Tendencies and forms in non-dramatic literature since 1920. Warfel. 



56 ENTOMOLOGY 

Eng. 128 s. American Drama (3) — Three lectures. Prerequisites, Eng. 7 f 
and 8 s. (Not given in 1939-1940.) 

Historical study of representative American plays and playwrights to 1920. 

Warfel. 

Courses for Graduates 

Eng. 201. Research (2-4) — Credit proportioned to the amount of work 
and ends accomplished. 

Original research and the preparation of dissertations looking towards ad- 
vanced degrees. Staff. 

Eng. 203 f. Middle English Language (2) — Two lectures. Prerequisites, 
Eng. 102 f and 103 s. 

A study of readings of the Middle English period, with reference to etymology 
and syntax. Harman. 

Eng. 204 s. Gothic (2)— Two lectures. Prerequisites, Eng. 102 f and 103 s. 

A study of the forms and syntax, with readings from the Ulfila6 Bible. 

Correlation of Gothic speech sounds with those of Old English. Harman. 

Eng. 206 f. Shakespeare Seminar (2) — Two lectures. Prerequisites, Eng. 11 f 
and Eng. 12 s. 

A survey of Shakespeare's complete works, with special attention to major 
problems in Shakespeare. Zeeveld. 

Eng. 207 y. Medieval Romance in England (4) — Two lectures. 
Lectures and readings in the cyclical and non-cyclical romances in Medieval 
England, and their sources, including translations from the Old French. Hale. 

Eng. 208 s. Seminar in Eighteenth Century Literature (2)— Two lectures. 

Intensive study of one man's work or of one important movement of the 

century. Fitzhugh. 

Eng. 209 y. Seminar in American Literature (4) — Two lectures. The sub- 
ject for 1939-1940 will be American Fiction to 1865. Warfel. 

Eng. 210 f. Seminar in the Romantic Period (2) — Two lectures. Prereq- 
uisites, Eng. 113 f and 114 s, or an equivalent satisfactory to the instructor. 
One discussion period of two hours. 

Special studies of problems or persons associated with the Romantic move- 
ment. The subject matter of the course will vary with the interests of the class. 

Hale. 

Eng. 211 y. Seminar in the Victorian Period (4) — Two lectures. 

Special studies of problems or persons in English literature from about 1830 
to the end of the century. 

ENTOMOLOGY 

Courses for Graduates and Advanced Undergraduates 
Ent. 101 y. Economic Entomology (4) — Two lectures. (Not offered in 1939- 
1940.) 



ENTOMOLOGY 57 

An intensive study of the problems of applied entomology, including life 
history, ecology, behavior, distribution, parasitism, and control. Cory. 

Ent. 103 y. Seminar (2). 

Presentation of original work, book reviews, and abstracts of the more im- 
portant literature. Cory, Knight. 

Ent. 104 f and s. Insect Pests of Special Groups (6) — Two lectures; one 
laboratory. Prerequisite, Ent. 1 f or s. 

A study of the principal insect pests of one or more of the following groups, 
founded upon food preferences and habitat. The course is intended to give 
the general student a comprehensive view of the insects that are of importance 
in his major field of interest, and detailed information to the student specializing 
in entomology. 

Insect Pests of: 1, Fruit; 2, Vegetables; 3, Flowers, both in the open and 
under glass; 4, Ornamental and shade trees; 5, Forests; 6, Field crops; 7, Stored 
products; 8, Live stock; 9, The household. Cory. 

Ent. 105 f. Medical Entomology (2) — Two lectures. Prerequisite, Ent. 1 f 
or s, and consent of instructor. 

The relation of insects to diseases of man, directly and as carriers of path- 
ogenic organisms. Control of pests of man. The fundamentals of parasitology. 

Knight. 

Ent. 106 s. Insect Taxonomy (3) — Two lectures; one laboratory. 

An advanced course dealing with the principles and practices underlying 
modern systematic entomology. Hy6lop. 

Ent. 107 s. Theory of Insecticides (2) — Two lectures. 

The development and use of contact and stomach poisons, with regard to their 
chemistry, toxic action, compatibility, and foliage injury. Recent work with 
insecticides will be especially emphasized. Ditman. 

Ent. 109 s. Insect Physiology (2) — Two lectures; occasional demonstrations. 
Enrollment subject to consent of instructor. 

The functioning of the insect body with particular reference to blood, circu- 
lation, digestion, absorption, respiration, reflex action and the nervous system, 
metabolism, and excretion. Yeager. 

Ent. 110 f or s. Special Problems. Credit and prerequisite to be determined 
by the staff. 

The intensive investigation of some entomological subject. Cory and Staff. 

Ent. Ill s. Coccidology (2) — Two laboratories. 

A study of morphology, taxonomy, and biology of the higher groups of the 
scale insects. The technique of preparation and microsocopy are emphasized. 
Laboratory studies are supplemented by occasional lectures. McConnell. 

Courses for Graduates 

Ent. 201. Advanced Entomology (1-3). 

Studies of minor problems in morphology, taxonomy, and applied ento- 
mology, with particular reference to preparation for individual research. Cory. 



58 GENETUCS 

Ent. 202. Research in Entomology. 

Advanced students having sufficient preparation, with approval of the head 
of the department, may undertake supervised research in morphology, tax- 
onomy, or biology and control of insects. Frequently the students may be 
allowed to work on Station or State Horticultural Department projects. The 
student's work may form a part of the final report on the project and be pub- 
lished in bulletin form. A dissertation, suitable for publication, must be sub- 
mitted at the close of the studies as a part of the requirements for an advanced 
degree. Cory and Staff. 

Ent. 203 f. Insect Morphology (2-4) — Two lectures, and laboratory work by 
special arrangement, to suit individual needs. 

Insect anatomy with special relation to function. Given particularly in 
preparation for work in physiology and other advanced studies. Snodgrass. 

Ent. 204 y. Economic Entomology (6)— Three lectures. 
Studies of the principles underlying applied entomology, and the most 
significant advances in all phases of entomology. Cory. 

Ent. 205 s. Insect Ecology (2) — One lecture; one laboratory. 

A study of the fundamental factors involved in the relationship of insects to 
their environment. Emphasis is placed on the insect as a dynamic organism 
adjusted to the environment. Langford. 

GENETICS 

Courses for Graduates and Advanced Undergraduates 

Gen. 101 f. Genetics (3)— Three lectures. 

A general course designed to give an insight into the principles of genetics, 
or of heredity, and also to prepare students for later courses in the breeding of 
animals or of plants. Kemp. 

Gen. 102 s. Advanced Genetics (2) — Two lectures. Prerequisite, Gen. 101 f. 

A consideration of chromosome irregularities and other mutations, inter- 
species crosses, identity and nature of the gene, genetic equilibrium, statistical 
significance of genetic phenomena. K rap. 

Courses for Graduates 
Gen. 201. Plant Breeding — Credit according to work done. Kemp. 



HISTORY 

Courses for Graduates and Advanced Undergraduates 

H. 101 y. American Colonial History (6) — -Three lectures. Prerequisite, H. 
2y. 

A study of the political, social, and economic development of the American 
people from the discovery of America through the formation of the Constitution. 

Baker-Crothers. 



HISTORY 59 

H. 102 y. Recent American History (6)— Three lectures. Prerequisite, H. 
2y- 

The history of national development from the close of the Civil War to the 
present time. Thatcher. 

H. 104 f. Social and Economic History of the United States (3) — Three 
lectures. Prerequisite, H. 2 y. 

An advanced course giving a synthesis of American life from 1607 to 1790. 

Baker-Crothers. 

H. 105 s. Social and Economic History of the United States (3) — Three 
lectures. Prerequisite, H. 2 y. 

This course is similar to H. 104 f, and covers the period from 1790 to 1860. 

Baker-Crothers. 

H. 106 f, 107 s. Diplomatic History of the United States. (2-2).— Two lec- 
tures. Prerequisite, H. 2 y. 

A study of American foreign policy. Thatcher. 

H. 108 f, 109 s. Constitutional History of the United States (3-3)— Three 
lectures. Prerequisite, H. 2 y. 

A study of the historical forces resulting in the formation of the Constitution 
and of the development of American constitutionalism in theory and practice 
thereafter. Thatcher. 

H. 110 f, 111 s. History of the United States, 1789-1865 (2-2)— Two lectures. 
Prerequisite, H. 2 y. 

The history of national development to the end of the Civil War. Thatcher. 

H. 112 f, 113 s. History of Maryland (2-2)— Two lectures. Prerequisite, 
H. 2y. 

A survey of the political, economic and social progress of Maryland as colony 
and state. Dozer. 

H. 115 f. Medieval History (2) — Two lectures. Prerequisite, H. 1 y. 
A brief survey of the medieval period with special emphasis on the legacy 
of the Middle Ages. Prange. 

H. 117 s. Renaissance and Reformation (2) — Two lectures. Prerequisite, 
H. ly. 

A brief survey of the Renaissance and Reformation. Prange. 

H. 119 f. Seventeenth and Eighteenth Century Europe (2) — Two lectures. 
Prerequisite, H. 1 y or H. 3 y. 

A study of the political, economic, social and intellectual ferment of the "Age 
of Reason." Silver. 

H. 120 s. Revolutionary and Napoleonic Europe (2) — Two lectures. Pre- 
requisite, H. 1 y or H. 3 y. 

A study of the French Revolution and the relation of Revolutionary France 
with the rest of Europe, 1789-1815. Silver. 



60 HOME ECONOMICS 

H. 121 f, 122 s. Expansion of Europe (3-3)— Three lectures. Prerequisite, 
H. 1 y. 

A treatment of European history from the Crusades to the present, emphasiz- 
ing especially the expansion of national states. Silver. 

H. 123 f, 124 s. Diplomatic History of Europe since 1871 (3-3)— Three 
lectures. Prerequisite, H. 1 y. 

A study of European alliances and alignments. World politics and im- 
perialism in the pre- World War period, and developments since the World War. 

Strakhovsky. 

H. 125 f, 126 s. Constitutional History of England (3-3)— Three lectures. 
Prerequisite, H. 1 y or H. 3 y. 

This course traces the historical development of English political institutions. 

Silver. 

H. 127 f. Europe, 1815-1914 (3 —Three lectures and assignments. Pre- 
requisite, H. 1 y. (Not given in 1939-1940.) 

An intensive course in European history from 1815 to the present time. 

Strakhovsky. 

H. 128 s. Present Day Europe (3) — Three lectures and assignments. Pre- 
requisite, H. 1 y. (Not given in 1939-1940.) 

Continuation of H. 127. Strakhovsky. 

H. 129 f, 130 s. Ancient History (2, 2)— Two lectures. 

A general summary course — The Near East, Greece, and Rome. Highby. 

H. 131 f, 132 s. Latin American History (2, 2) — Two lectures. Prerequisite, 
H. 1 y or H. 2 y. 

A survey of the history of the Latin America n states from the wars of inde- 
pendence to the present with special emphasis upon Argentine, Brazil, Chile, 
and Mexico, and their relations with the United States. Dozer. 

Courses for Graduates 

H. 200. Research (2-4). Credit proportioned to the amount of work. 

Staflf. 

H. 201 y. Seminar in American History (4) — Conferences and reports on 

related topics. Baker-Crothers. 

H. 202 f. Historical Bibliography (2). Staff. 

H. 203 s. Historical Criticism (2). Staff. 

H. 204 y. Seminar in European History (4). Strakhovsky. 

HOME ECONOMICS 
Foods and Nutrition 

Courses for Graduates and Advanced Undergraduates 

H. E. 131 f. Nutrition (3) — Three recitations. Prerequisites, H. E. 31 y and 
Elements of Organic Chemistry (Chem. 12 A y). 

A scientific study of principles of human nutrition. Welsh. 



HOME ECONOMICS 61 

H. E. 132 s. Dietetics (3) — Two recitations; one laboratory. Prerequisite, 
H. E. 131 f. 

A study of food selection for health; planning and calculating dietaries for 
adults and children. 

H. E. 133 f and s. Demonstrations (2) — Two laboratories. 

Practice in demonstrations. Welsh and Barnes. 

H. E. 134 f and s. Advanced Foods (3) — One recitation; two laboratories. 
Prerequisite, H. E. 31 y. 

Advanced study of manipulation of food material. Welsh. 

H. E. 135 f and s. Experimental Foods (4) — Two recitations; two labor- 
atories. Prerequisites, H. E. 31 y, H. E. 137 s, Chem. 12 A. y. 

Study of experimental procedures and technics in jelly making, vegetable 
cookery, emulsions, and batters and doughs. Kirkpatrick. 

H. E. 136 s. Child Nutrition (2)— Two recitations. 

Lectures, discussions and field trips relating to the principles of child nutri- 
tion. Welsh. 

H. E. 137 f and s. Food Buying and Meal Service (3) — One recitation; two 
laboratories. Prerequisite H. E. 31 y. 

Study of problems in food buying; planning and service of meals for the 
family group, including simple entertaining in relation to nutritional needs 
and cost. 

H. E. 138 s. Diet in Disease (3) — One recitation; two laboratories. Pre- 
requisite, H. E. 131 f. 

Modification of the principles of human nutrition to meet dietary needs of 
certain diseases. 

Courses for Graduates 

H. E. 201 f or s. Seminar in Nutrition (2). 

Oral and written reports on current literature of nutrition. Staff. 

H. E. 202. Research. Credits to be determined by amount and quality of 
work done. 

With the approval of the head of the department, students may pursue an 
original investigation in some phase of foods. The results may form the basis 
of a thesis for an advanced degree. Welsh. 

H. E. 203 f or s. Advanced Experimental Foods (3)— One recitation; two 
laboratories. Kirkpatrick. 

H. E. 204 f. Readings in Nutrition (2). 

Reports and discussions of outstanding nutritional research and investiga- 
tions. Staff. 



62 HOME ECONOMICS 

H. E. 205 f or s. Nutrition (3) — One recitation; laboratory by arrangement. 
Feeding experiments are conducted on laboratory animals to show effects of 
diets of varying compositions. 

Textiles and Clothing 

Courses for Graduates and Advanced Undergraduates 

H. E. 112 s. Special Clothing Problems (3) — Three laboratories. Prereq- 
uisite, H. E. 11 f. 

Clothing renovation, clothing for children, and an individual clothing pro- 
ject. Kessinger. 

H. E. 171 s. Advanced Textiles (3) — One recitation; two laboratories. Pre- 
requisite, H. E. 71 f. 

The study of the production of textile fibers; the manufacture of fabrics and 
their relationship to the consumer; textile microscopy; reports on assigned 
readings in current literature on textiles. Kessinger. 

H. E. 172 f. Special Textile Problems (4) — One recitation; three labora- 
tories. Prerequisite, H. E. 171 f. 

Testing and experimental work in textiles. Kessinger. 

Practical Art 

Courses for Graduates and Advanced Undergraduates 

H. E. 121 f, 122 s. Interior Decoration (3, 3) — One recitation, two labora- 
tories. Prerequisite, H. E. 21 s or equivalent. 

Study of traditional styles and design principles with relation to personalities 
in. home planning and furnishing; trips to historic buildings; special merchandise 
lectures showing what the market provides. Minimum of drawing. Curtiss. 

H. E. 123 f. Advanced Design (3) — Three laboratories. Prerequisite, H. E. 
122 and H. E. Ill f, or equivalent. 

Professional aspects of costume or interior design; contact with commercial 
establishments. Design expressed in various mediums. Students may choose 
one of the two fields listed as follows: 

(a) Advanced Costume Design — Designing of costumes on paper and in 
cloth; a study of garment merchandising including fashion illustration, 
shop display, and other phases of promotional work. 

(b) Interior Design — Designing of rooms, including interior architecture, 
furniture, fabrics, accessories; arrangement of display rooms in stores. 
Drawing to scale. Curtiss. 

H. E. 124 s. Advanced Design (3) — Three laboratories. 

H. E. 125 s. Merchandise Display (2) — Two laboratories. 

Practice in effective display of merchandise for windows, show cases, and 
other parts of store interiors. Cooperation with retail establishments. Pre- 
requisite, Design H. E. 21 s or equivalent. Curtiss. 



HORTICULTURE 63 

HORTICULTURE 

Courses for Graduates and Advanced Undergraduates 

Hort. 101 f. Technology of Horticultural Plants (1, 3, or 5) — One, three or 
five lectures. 

A critical analysis of detailed studies on horticultural plants in relation to 
application to practice. An interpretation of horticultural knowledge, based on 
principles of physiology, chemistry, and other sciences. A study of underlying 
principles involved in growth, fruiting, storage and quality of horticultural 
plants and products. Haut, Mahoney. 

Hort. 102 s. Technology of Horticultural Plants (2 or 4). Two or four lec- 
tures. Continuation of Hort. 101 f. Haut, Mahoney. 

Hort. 103 f. Systematic Pomology (3) — Two lectures; one laboratory. (Given 
in alternate years; not offered in 1939-1940.) 

The history, botany, and classification of fruits and their adaptation to 
Maryland conditions. Haut. 

Hort. 104 s. Systematic Olericulture (3) — Two lectures; one laboratory. 
(Given in alternate years; not offered in 1939-1940.) 

A study of the classification and nomenclature of vegetable crops and the 
description and identification of varieties. The adaptation of varieties to 
different environmental conditions and their special uses in vegetable pro- 
duction. Mahoney. 

Hort. 105 s. World Fruits and Nuts (2) — -Two lectures. (Given in alternate 
years.) 

A study of the botanical, ecological, and physiological characteristics of all 
species of fruit-bearing plants of economic importance, such as the date, pine- 
apple, fig, olive, banana, nut-bearing trees, citrus fruits, and newly introduced 
fruits with special reference to their cultural requirements in certain parts of 
the United States and the insular possessions. All fruits are discussed in this 
course which have not been discussed in a previous course. Haut. 

Hort. 106 y. Plant Materials (5) — One lecture; one or two laboratories. 
(Given in alternate years). 

A field and laboratory study of trees, shrubs, and vines used in ornamental 
planting. Thurston. 

Courses for Graduates 

Hort. 201 y. Experimental Pomology (6) — Three lectures. 

A systematic study of the sources of knowledge and opinion as to practices in 
pomology; methods and difficulties in experimental work in pomology and re- 
sults of experiments that have been or are being conducted in all experiment 
stations in this and other countries. Schrader. 

Hort. 202 y. Experimental Olericulture (6) — Three lectures. 
A systematic study of the sources of knowledge and opinion as to prac- 
tices in vegetable growing; methods and difficulties in experimental work in 



64 MATHEMATICS 

vegetable production and results of experiments that have been or are being 
conducted in all experiment stations in this and other countries. Mahoney. 

Hort. 204 s. Methods of Research (2) — One lecture; one laboratory. 

Special drill will be given in the making of briefs and outlines of research 
problems, in methods of procedure in conducting investigational work, and in 
the preparation of bulletins and reports. A study of the origin, development, 
and growth of horticultural research is taken up. A study of the research prob- 
lems being conducted by the Department of Horticulture will be made, and 
students will be required to take notes on some of the experimental work in 
the field. Staff. 

Hort. 205. Research (4, 6 or 8). 

Graduate students will be required to select problems for original research in 
pomology or vegetable gardening. Final results will be published in the form 
of a thesis. Staff. 

Hort. 206 y. Advanced Horticultural Seminar (2). 

Required of all graduate students. Students will give reports either on special 
topics assigned them, or on the progress of their work in courses. Members of 
the departmental staff will report special research work from time to time. Staff. 

MATHEMATICS 

Courses for Graduates and Advanced Undergraduates 

Math. Ill f. Elementary Mathematics from an Advanced Standpoint (2). 
Two lectures. 

A survey of pre-collegiate mathematics intended for workers in the biological 
and social sciences; also, for prospective teachers of mathematics and physics. 

Math. 112 s. College Mathematics (2) — Two lectures. Prerequisite, Math. 
Ill f or 8 f, or equivalent courses. 

A survey course of algebra, trigonometry, analytic geometry, and the cal- 
culus, intended for workers in the biological sciences and for prospective teachers 
of mathematics and physics. Dantzig. 

Math. 114 f. Differential Equations for Engineers (3) — Three lectures. 

This course is conducted in close cooperation with the College of Engineering, 
and deals with aspects of mathematics which arise in engineering theory and 
practice. Among the topics treated are the following: linear differential equa- 
tions; advanced methods in kinematics and dynamics; applications of analysis 
to electrical circuits, aero-dynamics, bridge-design, etc. Dantzig, Yates. 

Math. 115 s. Applied Calculus for Chemists (3) — Three lectures. Prereq- 
uisite, Math. 16 y. 

This course is conducted in close co-operation with the Chemistry Depart- 
ment, and deals with the aspects of mathematics which arise in the theory and 
practice of chemistry. Among the topics treated are the following: partial and 
total derivatives, applications of mathematical analysis to thermo-dynamics, 
to molecular and atomic phenomena, and to physical chemistry, Yates. 



MATHEMATICS 65 

Math. 116 f. Advanced Trigonometry (2). Two lectures. Prerequisite, Math. 
23 y or its equivalent. 

Complex numbers; DeMoivre, Euler and allied identities; trigonometric 
series and products; periodic functions; trigonometric solution of equations; 
hyperbolic functions; spherical trigonometry. 

Math. 122 s. History of Elementary Mathematics (2) — Two lectures. 
History of arithmetic, algebra and geometry. Dantzig. 

Math. 131 s. Analytical Mechanics (2) — Two lectures. Prerequisite, Math. 
23 y. 

Kinematics; the dynamics of a particle; statics; the principles of D'Alembert; 
the dynamics of a system; the equations of Lagrange and Jacobi; the principle 
of Hamilton. Yates. 

Math. 132 f. Theory of Probabilities (2) — Two lectures. Prerequisite, Math. 
23 y. 

Frequency and probability; the concept of "equally likely"; combinatorial 
analysis; addition and multiplication theorems; frequency of distribution; 
continuous probabilities; applications to statistics, theories of errors and 
correlations, and to molecular theories. Titt. 

Math. 140 y. Undergraduate Seminar (2) — One session. 

Required of students who major in mathematics. This course is intended 
as a clearing house of problems which arise in the undergraduate courses in 
mathematics. Dantzig, Yates, Titt, Lancaster. 

Math. 141 f. Higher Algebra (2) — Two lectures. Prerequisite, Math. 23 y. 

Identities. Multinomial expansion. Combinational analysis. Mathematical 
induction. Undetermined coefficients. Determinants. Elementary theory of 
equations. Complex magnitudes. Yates. 

Math. 142 s. Higher Algebra (2) — Two lectures. Prerequisite, Math. 141 f 
or its equivalent. 

Inequalities. Continued fractions. Summation of series. Difference equa- 
tions. Theory of numbers. Diophantine equations. Yates. 

Math. 143 f. Advanced Calculus (2) — Two lectures. Prerequisite, Math. 23 
y or its equivalent. 

General methods of integration. Multiple integration with physical ap- 
plications. Partial differentiation. Geometrical and physical applications. 
Mean value theorem. Jacobians. Envelopes. Martin. 

Math. 144 s. Advanced Calculus (2) — Two lectures. Prerequisite, Math. 143 
s or its equivalent. 

Elliptic integrals. Line integrals. Green's theorem. Equation of continuity. 
Applications to hydrodynamics. Martin. 

Math. 145 f. Advanced Plane Analytic Geometry (2) — Two lectures. Pre- 
requisite, Math. 23 y. 



66 MATHEMATICS 

Homogeneous coordinates. Advanced theory of conic sections. Plucker 
characters of algebraic curves. Cubic and quartic curves. Cremona trans- 
formations. Dantzig. 

Math. 146 s. Solid Analytic Geometry (2)- — Two lectures. Prerequisite, 
Math. 145 f or its equivalent. 

General theory of quadric surfaces. The twisted cubic. Line geometry. 
Geometry on a sphere. Cubic and quartic surfaces. Alrich. 

Math. 151 f. Theory of Equations (2) — Two lectures. Prerequisite, 142 s or its 
equivalent. 

Complex number. Fundamental theorem of algebra. Equations of the third 
and fourth degree. Algebraic solution of equations. Finite groups. Numerical 
solution of equations. Criteria of irreducibility. Cyclometric equations. 

Lancaster. 

Math. 152 s. Introduction to Modern Algebra (2) — Two lectures. Prereq- 
uisite, Math. 141 f and 142 s or their equivalents. 

Vectors. Matrices. Linear dependence. Quadratic forms. Infinite groups. 

Titt. 

Math. 153 f. Differential Equations (2) — Two lectures. Prerequisite, Math. 
144 s or its equivalent. 

Equation of the first order. Linear equations with constant and variable 
coefficients. Change of variables. Singular solutions. Solution in series. Nu- 
merical integration. Ordinary differential equations in three variables. Partial 
differential equations. Lancaster. 

Math. 154 s. Topics in Analysis (2) — Two lectures. Prerequisite, Math. 153 f. 
Theory of vibrations. Fourier series. Calculus of variations. Entropy. Im- 
proper integrals. Titt. 

Math. 155 f. Introduction to Projective Geometry (2)— Two lectures. Pre- 
requisite, Math. 145 f or its equivalent. 

The theorems of Desargues and Pappus. Cross-ratio and homography. Pro- 
jective theory of conies. Projective interpretation and generalization of ele- 
mentary geometry. Dantzig. 

Math. 156 s. Introduction to Differential Geometry (2) — Two lectures. 
Prerequisite Math. 23 y. 

Infinitesimal properties of plane curves. Transformation. Orthogonal 
trajectories. Envelopes. Roulettes and Glisettes. Curvilinear coordinates 
in the plane. Dantzig. 

Math. 157 s. History of Modern Mathematics (2) — Two lectures. Prereq- 
uisite, Math. 23 y or its equivalent. 

This course will begin with a comprehensive treatment of the history of 
mathematics during the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries. The develop- 
ment of mathematics during the nineteenth and our own centuries will be 
treated topically, with special emphasis on such topics as projective and non- 
Euclidean geometry, theory of aggregates, vector analysis, theory of groups, 
theory of numbers, etc. Dantzig. 



MATHEMATICS 67 

Courses for Graduates 

Math. 221 f. Theory of Functions of a Complex Variable (2) — Two lectures. 
Prerequisites, Math. 143 f and 144 s or their equivalent. 

Cauchy-Riemann equations; power series and infinite products; conformal 
mapping; the Cauchy integral theorem; residues and periods; analytic con- 
tinuation. Martin. 

Math. 222 f. Theory of Functions of a Real Variable (2)— Two lectures. 
Prerequisites, Math. 143 f and 144 s, or their equivalent. 

Real numbers; continuous functions; implicit functions; Riemannian in- 
tegration; real analytic functions. Martin. 

Math. 223 s. Vector Analysis (2) — Two lectures. Prerequisite, Math. 152 s, 
or its equivalent. 

Scalars, vectors, matrices and determinants; transformations; linear de- 
pendence, canonical forms; elementary divisors; applications to geometry and 
mechanics. Alrich. 

Math. 225 f. Projective Geometry (2) — Two lectures. Prerequisite Math. 

155 f, or its equivalent. 

Axiomatic development of geometry. Fundamental theorem. Projective 
equivalence. The group of collineations in the plane and in space. Non- 
Euclidean geometries. Dantzig. 

Math. 226 s. Differential Geometry (2) — Two lectures. Prerequisite, Math. 

156 s, or its equivalent. 

Principles of Vector analysis. Skew curves. Kinematical applications. 
Geometry on a surface. General theory of surfaces. Curvature and space 
structure. Riemannian geometries. Dantzig. 

Math. 227 s. Infinite Processes (2)— Two lectures. Prerequisite, Math. 222 
f, or its equivalent. 

Convergence of infinite series and products; Fourier series; orthogonal 
functions; asymptotic series. Lancaster. 

Math. 228 s. Elliptic Functions (2)— Two lectures. Prerequisite, Math. 222 
f, or its equivalent. 

The theories of Legendre and Jacobi; the Weierstrass theory; doubly 
periodic functions; elliptic integrals; applications to algebra, geometry, and 
mechanics. Martin. 

Math. 231 s. Partial Differential Equations with Applications to Mathe- 
matical Physics (2)- — Two lectures. Prerequisites, Math. 143 f, Math. 144 s, 
and Math. 153 f, or their equivalent. 

Partial differential equations of the first and second order; linear equations; 
total differential equations; equations of the Monge-Ampere type; the Laplace 
equation; harmonics; applications to electricity, heat, elasticity, and hydro- 
dynamics; potential theory. Titt. 

Math. 235 s. Modern Algebra (2) — Two lectures. Prerequisite, Math. 152 s, 
or its equivalent. 



68 MODERN LANGUAGES 

Sets, classes, groups, isomorphism, rings, fields, Galois theory, ordered and 
well-ordered sets, ideals, linear algebras. Dantzig. 

Math. 240 y. Graduate Seminar (2)— One session. 

Required of all graduate students. Intended as a clearing house of problems 
arising in the graduate courses. Reports on progress on dissertations and a 
critical discussion of results achieved. 

Dantzig, Yates, Martin, Titt, Alrich, Lancaster. 

Selected Topics Courses 

In addition to the preceding, a number of courses will be offered from time 
to time by the various members of the staff in their respective fields of speciali- 
zation. These courses are intended primarily for candidates for advanced 
degrees, and aim at developing materials for dissertations; however, they will 
be open to any qualified student. 

Selected Topics in Modern Geometry. Dantzig, Alrich. 

Selected Topics in Modern Analysis. Martin, Lancaster. 

Selected Topics in Dynamics. Martin. 

Selected Topics in Mathematical Physics. Titt. 

Selected Topics in Applied Mathematics. Yates. 

MODERN LANGUAGES 
A. French 

Courses for Graduates and Advanced Undergraduates 

French 102 y. French Literature of the Seventeenth Century (4) — Two 

lectures. (Not given in 1939-1940.) Wilcox. 

French 103 y. French Literature of the Eighteenth Century (4) — Two 

lectures. Falls. 

French 104 y. French Literature of the Nineteenth Century (4) — Two 

lectures. Wilcox. 

French 105 y. French Literature of the Twentieth Century (4) — Two lectures. 
(Not given in 1939-1940.) Falls. 

French 110 y. Advanced Composition (6) — Three lectures. Prerequisite, 
French 10 y. Falls. 

Attention is also called to Comparative Literature 105 f, Romanticism in 
France. 

Courses for Graduates 
French 201. Research. Credits determined by work accomplished. 

French 202 y. Diderot and the Encyclopaedists (4) — Two lectures. (Not 
given in 1939-1940.) Falls. 



MODERN LANGUAGE 69 

French 204 y. Georges Duhamel, Poet, Dramatist, Novelist (4) — Two 

lectures. (Not given in 1939-1940.) Falls. 

French 205 y. French Literature of the Middle Ages and the Renaissance 

(4)— Two lectures. (Not given in 1939-1940.) Darby. 

French 206 f, 207 s. The French Novel in the First Half of the Nineteenth 
Century. (2, 2) — Two lectures. Falls. 

French 208 f, 209 s. The French Novel in the Second Half of the Nineteenth 
Century (2, 2)— Two lectures. (Not given in 1939-1940.) Falls. 

French 210 y. Seminar (2-4) — One meeting weekly. Required of all graduate 
students in French. 

French 212 s. Introduction to Old French (2) — Two lectures. Darby. 

French 220 f, 221 s. Reading Course (2, 2)— One conference. 
Designed to give graduate students the background of a survey of French 
literature. Extensive outside reading with reports and connecting lectures. 

Falls. 

B. German 

Courses for Graduates and Advanced Undergraduates 

German 101 f. German Literature of the Eighteenth Century (3) — Three 
lectures. (Not given in 1939-1940.) 

The earlier classical literature. Prahl. 

German 102 s. German Literature of the Eighteenth Century (3) — Three 
lectures. (Not given in 1939-1940.) 

The later classical literature. Prahl. 

German 103 f. German Literature of the Nineteenth Century (3) — Three 
lectures. 

Romanticism in Young Germany. Prahl. 

German 104 s. German Literature of the Nineteenth Century (3) — Three 
lectures. 

The literature of the Empire. Prahl. 

German 105 f, 106 s. Contemporary German Literature (3, 3) — Three lec- 
tures. 

A study of the lives, works, and influence of outstanding authors of the 

present. Prahl. 

Attention is called to Comparative Literature 106 s, Romanticism in Ger- 
many, and Comparative Literature 107 f, The Faust Legend in English and 
German Literature. 



70 MODERN LANGUAGES 

Courses for Graduates 
German 201. Research. Credits determined by work accomplished. 

German 202 y. The Modern German Drama (4)— Two lectures. 
Study of the naturalistic, neo-romantic, and expressionistic drama against 
the background of Ibsen and other international figures. Prahl. 

German 203 y. Schiller (4)— Two lectures. (Not given in 1939-1940.) 
Study of the life and works of Schiller with special emphasis on the history of 
his dramas. Prahl. 

German 204 f. Goethe's Faust (2) — Two lectures. Zucker. 

German 205 s. Goethe's Works outside of Faust (2) — Two lectures. 

Zucker. 
German 206 y. The Romantic Movement (2) — Two lectures. Prahl. 

German 210 y. Seminar (2-4) — Two meetings weekly. Required of all grad- 
uate students in German. 

German 220 f, 221 s. Reading Course (2, 2) — One conference. 
Designed to give graduate students the background of a survey of German 
literature. Extensive outside reading with reports and connecting lectures. 

Prahl. 

C. Spanish 

Courses for Graduates and Advanced Undergraduates 

Spanish 103 f. The Spanish Drama (3) — Three lectures. 

The drama of the Golden Age. Darby. 

Spanish 104 s. The Spanish Drama (3) — Three lectures. 

Continuation of Spanish 103 f. The drama since Calderon. Darby. 

Spanish 105 y. Cervantes (6)— Three lectures. (Not given in 1939-1940.) 
The life and times of Cervantes; principal prose works. Darby. 

Spanish 107 f. The Spanish Novel (3) — Three lectures. 
Classic novels and short stories of the Golden Age and of the eighteenth 
century. (Not given in 1939-1940.) Darby. 

Spanish 108 s. The Spanish Novel (3)— Three lectures. 
Continuation of Spanish 107 f. A study of the development of the modern 
novel. (Not given in 1939-1940.) Darby. 

Courses for Graduates 

Spanish 201. Research (2-4) — Credits determined by work accomplished. 

Staff. 



PHILOSOPHY 71 

Spanish 202 y. The Golden Age in Spanish Literature (6) — Three lectures. 
Detailed study of the classical authors. Darby. 

Spanish 203 f. Spanish Poetry (3) — Three lectures. (Not given in 1939-1940.) 

The epic, the ballad and popular poetry, early lyrics, poetry of the Golden 

Age. Darby. 

Spanish 204 s. Spanish Poetry (3) — Three lectures. (Not given in 1939-1940.) 

Continuation of Spanish 203 f. Poetry of the eighteenth, nineteenth, and 

twentieth centuries. Darby. 

Spanish 210 y. Seminar (2-4) — One meeting weekly. 
Required of all graduate students in Spanish. 

Spanish 212 f. Introduction to Old Spanish (2) — Two lectures. Darby. 

Spanish 220 f, 221 s. Reading Course (2, 2) — One conference. 
Designed to give graduate students the background of a 6urvey of Spanish 
literature. Extensive outside reading with reports and connecting lectures. 

Darby. 

PHILOSOPHY 

Courses for Graduates and Advanced Undergraduates 

Phil. 101 f, 102 s. Systems of Philosophy (3, 3)— Three hours. Lectures, 
reports and discussions. Prerequisite, two courses in philosophy, and the 
permission of the instructor. (Not given in 1939-1940.) 

The system of one philosopher, or the development of one movement, will be 
studied throughout each semester. The topic will be changed from semester to 
semester, although after three or four semesters the same system may be 
chosen again. Marti. 

Phil. 103 f, 104 s. Systems of Philosophy (3, 3)— Three hours of lectures, 
student reports, and discussion. Prerequisite, two courses in philosophy and 
the permission of the instructor. Continuation of Phil. 101 f. Topics of study 
to be announced. Marti. 



PHYSICS 

Courses for Graduates and Advanced Undergraduates 

Phys. 101 f. Precision of Measurements (3) — Three lectures. Prerequisites, 
Phys. 2 y, or Phys. 1 y and Math. 23 y. 

A discussion of the principles underlying the treatment of experimental data, 
as to precision of observations, errors, interpolation, curve analysis, etc., with 
special emphasis on the planning of investigations involving measurements. 
The course is intended as an introduction to quantitative experimental work. 

Eichlin. 

Phys. 102 s. Physical Measurements (3) — Two lectures; one laboratory. 
Prerequisite, Phys. 101 f. 



72 PHYSICS 

This course, supplementing Phys. 101 f, is designed to familiarize the stu- 
dent with the manipulation of various types of apparatus used in experimenta- 
tion in physical problems, and the adaptation and analysis of data so obtained. 

Eichlin. 

Phys. 103 y. Advanced Physics (6) — Three lectures. Prerequisite, Phys. 1 y. 

This course, supplementing Phys. 1 y, is an advanced study of physical 
phenomena in optics, spectroscopy, conduction of electricity through gases, 
photoelectricity, etc., with a comprehensive review of basic principles involved. 
It is intended to familiarize the student in a general survey with some of the 
recent developments in physics. Smith. 

Phys. 104 y. Advanced Experiments (6) — One lecture; two laboratories. 
Prerequisite, Phys. 103 y. (Not given in 1939-1940.) 

This course, supplementing Phys. 1 y, is intended to provide the student 
with experience in experimental physics. 

Phys. 105 f. Heat (3) — Two lectures; one laboratory. Prerequisite, Phys. 2 y, 
or Phys. 1 y and Math. 23 y. 

The classical phenomena of heat and radiation are developed on the basis of 
the kinetic molecular theory and the quantum theory. The first and second 
laws of thermodynamics are applied to physical processes. Myers. 

Phys. 106 s. Theoretical Mechanics (3)— Three lectures. Prerequisite, 
Phys. 2 y, or Phys. 1 y and Math 23 y. 

An analytical treatment of the fundamental principles of kinematics and 
dynamics is presented with problems to illustrate these principles. The use 
of generalized coordinates is illustrated. The equations of Lagrange are applied 
to selected topics in the field of dynamics. Myers. 

Phys. 107 f. Optics (3) — Two lectures; one laboratory. Prerequisite, Phys. 
2 y, or Phys. 1 y and Math. 23 y. 

A study is made of selected topics in the refraction, reflection, interference, 
diffraction and polarization of light. The principles are employed in a detailed 
study of optical systems of telescope, microscope, spectroscope and inter- 
ferometer. Dickinson. 

Phys. 108 y. Electricity (6) — Two lectures; one laboratory. Prerequisite, 
Phys. 2 y, or Phys. 1 y, and Math. 23 y. 

A study of electrical properties of matter and space with applications to 
common electrical instruments and apparatus. Dickinson. 

Phys. 109 y. Electron Physics (6) — Two lectures; one laboratory. 

The discrete nature of matter, etectricity and radiation is emphasized from 
an empirical point of view. The determination of the fundamental electronic 
and molecular constants is treated in detail. The process of electrical discharge 
through gas and vacuum is ramified to include discussion of radioactivity, 
photoelectricity, thermionics and atomic structure. Myers. 

Phys. 110 s. Sound (3) — Two lectures; one laboratory. Prerequisite, Phys. 
2 y, or Phys. 1 y and Math 23 y. (Not given in 1939-1940.) 



PHYSICS 73 

A study is made of vibrating systems, the propagation and scattering of 
sound waves, standing sound waves, sound wave energy, etc. 

Phys. Ill f, 112 s. Mathematical Physics (3, 3) — Three lectures. Prereq- 
uisite, Phys. 2 y, or Phys. 1 y and Math 23 y. 

Selected topics in physics will be treated to illustrate certain mathematical 
methods, particularly the use of derivatives and differentials, methods of 
integration, infinite series, vectors, ordinary and partial differential equations, 
orthonormal sets of functions. Myers. 

Phys. 113 f, 114 s. Properties of Matter (3, 3) — Three lectures. Prerequisite, 
Phys. 2 y, or Phys. 1 y and Math. 23 y. 

A study of the constituent particles of matter and such properties of matter 
as gravitation, molecular attraction, elasticity, special properties of solids and 
of fluids at rest and in motion, wave propagation. Eichlin. 

Phys. 115 f, 116 s. High Frequency Phenomena (3, 3) — Two lectures, one 
laboratory. Prerequisite, Phys. 2 y, or Phys. 1 y and Math. 23 y. (Not given 
in 1939-1940.) 

A study of resonant circuits, characteristics of electron tubes, high frequency 
generators, filters, electromagnetic waves, propagation of waves in wires and 
through a conducting medium. 



Courses for Graduates 

Phys. 201 f. Atomic Structure (3)— Three lectures. 

A development of atomic theory by a discussion of the various atomic prop- 
erties, particularly those of emission of spectra, scattering of X-rays and elec- 
trons, and valency. Myers. 

Phys. 202 f, 203 s. Spectra I and II. (3, 3)— Three lectures. 

I. Atomic Spectra. Interpretation of spectral series, fine and hyperfine 
structure, line intensities and polarization, line contours, and effects of ex- 
ternal fields in light of modern atomic theory. 

II. Molecular Spectra. A discussion of molecular spectra with particular 
reference to the information that is given about molecular structure, specific 
heats, entropy, and related phenomena. Myers. 

Phys. 204 f, 205 s. Quantum Mechanics (3, 3) — Three lectures. (Not given 
in 1939-1940.) 

A treatment of the general methods of quantum mechanics with applications 
to the theory of atomic and molecular structure, the theory of collision pro- 
cesses, and the theories of radiation and electro-dynamics. 

Phys. 206 s. Nuclear Structure (3) — Three lectures. 

The theory of the nucleus is developed by a discussion of masses, charges, 
magnetic moments, radioactivity, nuclear reactions, scattering, and interaction 
with radiation fields. Myer6. 



74 POLITICAL SCIENCE 

Phys. 207 f, 208 s. Modern Physics (3, 3) — Three lectures. 

A comprehensive survey of developments in physics leading to recent con- 
cepts of atomic structure, theory of radiation, interaction of radiation and 
matter, quantum theory, relativistic mechanics, cosmology. Dickinson. 

Phys. 209 f, 210 s. Dynamics I and II (3, 3) — Three lectures. (Not given in 
1939-1940.) 

I. A treatment of dynamical systems in generalized coordinates by the 
equations of Lagrange, of Hamilton, and of Hamilton-Jacobi, by the Hamilton- 
ian Principle, and by the use of canonical transformations. 

II. Derivation of the equations of motion of a fluid, a study of irrotational 
motion, vortex motion, motion of solids through liquids, waves through liquids, 
viscosity. 

Phys. 211 f. Electrodynamics (3) — Three lectures. 

The electric and magnetic fields; properties of dielectrics; properties of 
electric conductors; electromagnetic induction; electromagnetic radiation; 
dispersion theory; electro- and magneto-optics. Dickinson. 

Phys. 212 s. Physical Optics (3)— Three lectures. 

A mathematical study of the electromagnetic theory of light, with applica- 
tions to interference, diffraction, dispersion and polarization. Dickinson. 

Phys. 213 f, 214 s. Theory of Elasticity (3, 3)— Three lectures. 

A comprehensive discussion of the development of theoretical concepts 
of elasticity with particular attention to torsion, stresses in beams, curved bars, 
thin plates, stresses produced by dynamical causes, propagation of waves in 
solid media. Eichlin. 

Phys. 215 f, 216 s. X-ray and Crystal Structure (3, 3)— Three lecutres. (Not 
given in 1939-1940.) 

A discussion of the production and measurement of X-rays with the applica- 
tion of X-ray methods to the study of the physical properties of crystals. 

Phys. 217 y. Seminar (2). 

Presentation of reports and discussion of current developments in physics 
and of original investigations on special problems. Staff. 



POLITICAL SCIENCE 

Courses for Graduates and Advanced Undergraduates 

Pol. Sci. 101 f. International Relations (3) — Three lectures. Prerequisite, 
Pol. Sci. 1 f or s, or consent of instructor. 

The course deals with the major factors underlying international relations, 
the influence of geography, climate, nationalism and imperialism, and the 
development of international organizations. Steinmeyer. 

Pol. Sci. 102 s. International Law (3) — Three lectures. Prerequisite, Pol. 
Sci. 1 f or s. 



POLITICAL SCIENCE 75 

A study of the principles governing international intercourse in time of peace 
and war, as illustrated in texts and cases. Steinmeyer. 

Pol. Sci. 104 s. Recent Far Eastern Politics (3) — Three lectures. Prereq- 
uisite, Pol. Sci. 1 f or 6, or consent of instructor. 

The background and interpretation of recent political events in the Far 
East and their influence on world politics. Steinmeyer. 

Pol. Sci. 105 f. Problems of World Politics (3) — Three lectures. Prerequisite, 
Pol. Sci. 1 f or s, or consent of instructor. 

The course deals with governmental problems of an international character, 
such as causes of war, problems of neutrality, propaganda, etc. Students are 
required to report on readings from current literature. Steinmeyer. 

Pol. Sci. Ill f. Principles of Public Administration (3) — Three lectures. 
Prerequisite, Pol. Sci. 4 f or s. 

A functional study of public administration in the United States, with 
special emphasis upon organization and the relation of administration to the 
other branches of government. Howard. 

Pol. Sci. 112 s. Public Personnel Administration (3) — Three lectures. Pre- 
requisite, Pol. Sci. Ill f, or consent of instructor. 

A study of public personnel practices in the various jurisdictions of the 
United States and their comparison with practices in certain European coun- 
tries. Howard. 

Pol. Sci. 114 s. Municipal Government and Administration (3) — Three lec- 
tures. Prerequisite, Pol. Sci. 4 f or s. 

A detailed study of selected problems of municipal government, such as 
housing, health, zoning, fire and police, recreation, and planning. Course in- 
cludes a visit to Baltimore to observe the agencies of city government at work. 

Kline. 

Pol. Sci. 117 f, 118 s. Government at Work (3, 3)— Three lectures. Prereq- 
uisite, Pol. Sci. 1 f or s and consent of instructor. 

This course consists of visits to various administrative agencies of the na- 
tional government, supplemented by reading assignments on the work of the 
agencies visited. Howard. 

Pol. Sci. 121 f. Political Parties and Public Opinion (3)— Three lectures. 
Prerequisite, Pol. Sci. 1 f. or s. 

A descriptive and critical examination of the party process in government: 
nominations and elections, party expenditures, political leadership, the man- 
agement and conditioning of public opinion. Bone. 

Pol. Sci. 123 f. Government and Business (3) — Three lectures. Prereq- 
uisite, Pol. Sci. 1 f or s. 

A general survey of governmental activities affecting business, with special 
emphasis upon recent developments; federal and state assistance to, and 
regulation of business in their historical and legal aspects; government owner- 
ship and operation. Bone. 



76 POLITICAL SCIENCE 

Pol. Sci. 124 s. Legislatures and Legislation (3)— Three lectures. Prereq- 
uisite, Pol. Sci. 4 f or s. 

A comprehensive study of the legislative process, bicameralism, the com- 
mittee system and the lobby, with special emphasis upon the legislature of 
Maryland. The course includes a visit to Washington to observe Congress 
at work. Bone. 

Pol. Sci. 131 f. Constitutional Law (3)— Three lectures. Prerequisite, Pol. 
Sci. 1 f or s. 

A systematic inquiry into the general principles of the American constitu- 
tional system as interpreted by the Supreme Court, with special reference to 
the role of the judiciary in the interpretation and enforcement of the Con- 
stitution, the position of the states in the federal system, state and federal 
powers over interstate and foreign commerce, and the rights of citizens and of 
accused persons. Kline. 

Pol. Sci. 134 s. Administrative Law (3) — Three lectures. Prerequisite, Pol. 
Sci. 1 f or s. 

A study of the principles involved in the expansion of the discretion of 
administrative boards and commissions, including an analysis of their functions, 
their powers over private rights, their procedure in making findings, the en- 
forcement of their rules and orders and judicial control of their actions. Kline. 

Pol. Sci. 136 s. Elements of Law (3) — Three lectures. Prerequisite, Pol. 
Sci. 1 f or s. 

Development of law and legal systems; comparison of methods and procedure 
in making and enforcing law in Roman and common law systems; consideration 
of fundamental legal concepts; contribution and influence of modern schools of 
legal philosophy in relation to law and government. Walther. 

Pol. Sci. 141 f. History of Political Theory (3)— Three lectures. Prereq- 
uisite, Pol. Sci. 1 f or s, or consent of instructor. 

A survey of the principal political theories set forth in the works of writers 
from Plato to Bentham. Walther. 

Pol. Sci. 142 s. Recent Political Theory (3) — Three lectures. Prerequisite, 
Pol. Sci. 1 f or s, or consent of instructor. 

A study of recent political ideas, with special emphasis upon theories of 
democracy, socialism, communism, fascism, etc. Walther. 

Courses for Graduates 

Pol. Sci. 201 f. Seminar in International Organization (2). 
A study of the forms and functions of various international organizations. 
Special attention is given to the work of the World Court. Steinmeyer. 

Pol. Sci. 202 s. British Empire (3). 

A study of the constitutional development of the British Dominions, with 
particular attention to the present inter-imperial relationship. Steinmeyer. 



POULTRY HUSBANDRY 77 

Pol. Sci. 205 y. Seminar in American Imperialism (4). (Not offered in 1939- 
1940.) 

Individual reports on selected topics, with special reference to the causes and 
methods of recent American imperialistic policy. Steinmeyer. 

Pol. Sci. 211 y. Seminar in Federal-State Relations (4). 
Reports on topics assigned for individual research in the field of recent fed- 
eral-state relations. Howard. 

Pol. Sci. 215 f. Problems of Government in Metropolitan Regions (2). 

Analysis of some metropolitan areas and some of the most pressing problems 
arising out of the existence of dense populations spread over a large number 
of small governmental units having similarly inadequate powers and facilities 
to cope with the problems involved; discussion of possible solutions. Kline. 

Pol. Sci. 221 f. Seminar in Public Opinion (2). (Not offered in 1939-1940.) 

Reports on topics assigned for individual research in the field of public 

opinion. Bone. 

Pol. Sci. 222 s. Psych. 280 s. Analysis of Propaganda (3)— Two lectures 
and one discussion. Prerequisite, consent of instructors. 

Analytical approach to modern propaganda, including study of organizations 
which employ propaganda, of techniques in actual use in disseminating propa- 
ganda, and of attempts at measuring the effects of propaganda. Responsibility 
for instruction is shared by the Department of Political Science and the Depart- 
ment of Psychology. Bone, Jenkins. 

Pol. Sci. 251 f. Bibliography of Political Science (1). 

This course is intended to acquaint the student with the literature of the 
various fields of political science and to instruct him in the use of government 
documents. Staff. 

Pol. Sci. 261. Research in Political Science (2-4). 

Credit according to work accomplished. Staff. 

POULTRY HUSBANDRY 

Courses for Graduates and Advanced Undergraduates 

Poultry 101 s. Poultry Genetics (3) — Three lectures, demonstration, quiz 
periods. Prerequisites, Poultry 2 f and Gen. Ill f. 

The inheritance of morphological and physiological characters of poultry; 
inheritance of factors related to egg and meat production and quality. 

Poultry 102 f. Poultry Nutrition (2) — One lecture, one two-hour laboratory, 
demonstration, quiz. Prerequisite, Poultry 1 f and 1 s. 

The nutritive requirements of poultry; feed cost of poultry production. 

Poultry 104 y. Poultry Products (4) — Two lectures, demonstration, quiz 
periods. Prerequisite, Poultry 1 f and s. 



78 POULTRY HUSBANDRY 

This course will include material on egg and meat quality, commercial 
grades, relation of transportation and distribution to quality, and methods 
of marketing, especially as related to quality. 

Poultry 106 f. Poultry Physiology (1 or 2) — One lecture, one two-hour 
laboratory. Prerequisite, Poultry 102 s. 

The physiology of development and incubation of the embryo, especially 
physiological pathology of the embryo in relation to hatchability. Phys- 
iology of growth and the influence of environmental factors on growth and de- 
velopment. 

Poultry 107 y. P ultry Industrial and Economic Problems (4)— Two lectures. 

This course will present the relation of poultry to agriculture as a whole, 
and its economic importance. Consumer prejudices and preferences, pro- 
duction, transportation, storage, and distribution problems; trends in the 
industry, surpluses and their utilization, poultry by-products and disease 
problems, will be presented. 

Poultry 109 f and s. Poultry Literature (2-8). 

Readings on individual topics, oral and written reports, methods of analysis 
and presentation of scientific material. 

Courses for Graduates 

Poultry 201 f. Advanced Poultry Genetics (3) — Three lectures. Prereq- 
uisite, Poultry 102 s or equivalent. 

This course will serve as a foundation for research in poultry genetics. 
Linkage, crossing-over, inheritance of sex, the expression of genes in develop- 
ment, inheritance of resistance to disease and the influence of the environment 
on the expression of genetic capacities will be considered. 

Poultry 202 f. Advanced Poultry Nutrition (3) — Two lectures, one labor- 
atory. Prerequisite, Poultry 102 f or equivalent. 

Deficiency diseases of poultry; vitamin, mineral and protein deficiencies. 
Synthetic diets, metabolism and the physiology of digestion, growth curves 
and their significance, and feed efficiency in growth and egg production. 

Poultry 203 s. Physiology of Reproduction of Poultry (3) — Two lectures, 
one two-hour laboratory. 

The role of the endocrines in reproduction, especially with respect to egg 
production. Fertility, sexual maturity, broodiness, molting, egg formation, 
ovulation, deposition of egg envelopes and the physiology of oviposition. 

Poultry 204 y. Seminar (2). 

Reports of current researches by staff members, graduate students and 
guest speakers. 

Poultry 205. Research. 

Research with poultry may be conducted under the supervision of staff 
members toward the requirements for advanced degrees. 



PSYCHOLOGY 79 

PSYCHOLOGY 

Courses for Graduates and Advanced Undergraduates 

Psych. 110 f or s. Advanced Educational Psychology (3) — Prerequisite, 
Psych. 10 f or s. (Not given in 1939-1940.) 

Advanced treatment of the solution of basic psychological problems in 
education by methods of controlled observation. 

Psych. 120 f. Psychology of Individual Differences (3) — Prerequisite, 
Psych. 1 f or s. 

The occurrence, nature, and causes of psychological differences between in- 
dividuals, methods of measuring these differences, and their importance in 
education, business and industry. Ghiselli. 

Psych. 121 s. Experimental Social Psychology (3) — Prerequisite, Psych. 1 f 
or s. 

Results of researches on behavior in social settings; experimental studies of 
the effects of group membership, of the family, and of current social forces. 

Jenkins. 

Psych. 125 f. Child Psychology (3) — Prerequisite, Psych. 1 f or s. 

Experimental analysis of child behavior; motor and intellectual development, 
emotions, social behavior, parent-child relationships, and problems of the grow- 
ing personality. Clark. 

Psych. 130 f or s. Mental Hygiene (3) — Two lectures and one clinic. Pre- 
requisite, Psych. 1 f or s. Repeated in second term. 

The more common deviations of personality; typical methods of adjustment. 

Sprowls, Hall. 

Psych. 131 s. Abnormal Psychology (3) — Two lectures and one clinic. Pre- 
requisite, Psych. 130 f or s. 

The nature, occurrence, and causes of psychological abnormality with em- 
phasis on the clinical rather than theoretical aspects. Sprowls, Hall. 

Psych. 140 f. Psychological Problems in Market Research (3) — Prereq- 
uisite, Psych. 3 s or permission of instructor. 

Use of methods of controlled observation in determining public reactions to 
merchandise, and in measuring the psychological influences at work in par- 
ticular markets. Jenkins. 

Psych. 141 s. Psychology in Advertising and Selling. (3) — Prerequisite, 
Psych. 3 s. 

Experimental and statistical studies of psychological aspects of advertising; 
methods of measuring the effectiveness of advertising; the role of such factors 
as attention, memory, belief, etc.; problems associated with specific adver- 
tising media. Ghiselli. 

Psych. 150 s. Psychological Tests and Measurements (3) — Two lectures and 
one laboratory period. Prerequisite, Psych. 120 f or permission of instructor. 

Critical survey of psychological tests used in vocational orientation and in 
industry, with emphasis on methods by which such tests are validated; practice 
in the use of tests and the interpretation of test data. Bellows. 



80 PSYCHOLOGY 

Psych. 160 f. Psychological Aspects of Industrial Production (3) — Prereq- 
uisite, Psych. 3 s or permission of instructor. (Not given in 1939-1940.) 

Controlled observation applied to psychological problems in industrial pro- 
duction, including psychological effects of conditions and methods of work. 

Psych. 161 s. Psychology of Personnel (3) — Prerequisite, Psych. 3 s or per- 
mission of instructor. 

Psychological problems involved in the management of personnel in modern 
business and industry. A consideration of employee selection, measures of 
ability, methods of developing and maintaining personal efficiency and morale. 

Clark. 

Psych. 170 f. Legal Psychology (3) — Prerequisite, Psych. 121 s or permis- 
sion of instructor. 

Interpretation of researches pertaining to accuracy of observation and of 
testimony, psychological aids in determination of guilt, and treatment of the 
offender. Sprowls. 

Psych. 190 y. Techniques of Investigation in Psychology (3) — Three periods 
of practice and discussion. Prerequisite, Psych. 3 s. 

A consideration of quantitative methods in psychology, the design of experi- 
ments, and actual practice in various methods of obtaining data and in treat- 
ing these results for interpretation. Ghiselli. 

Psych. 195 f or s. Minor Problems of Psychotechnology (3). Staff. 

Courses for Graduates 

Psych. 200. Research in Psychotechnology (4-6) — Credit apportioned to 
work accomplished. 

Psych. 210 y. Seminar in Educational Psychology (6) — An advanced course 
for teachers and prospective teachers. 

Systematic approach to advanced problems in educational psychology 
based upon specific experimental contributions. Sprowls. 

Psych. 240 y. Seminar in Current Psychotechnological Problems (6) — An 

advanced course for students pursuing major graduate studies. 

A systematic analysis of recent contributions in selected psychotechnological 
fields. Jenkins. 

Psych. 250 y. Participation in Testing Clinic (4-6) — Credit apportioned to 
work accomplished. 

Actual practice in the administration of tests of aptitude, interest, and 
achievement and interpretation of test data in the course of routine operation 
of the testing bureau. Bellows. 

Psych. 255 s. Psychological Problems in Vocational Orientation (3) — Prereq- 
uisite, Psych. 150 s or equivalent. 

Experimental development and use of the vocational counseling interview, 
aptitude tests, and related techniques for the occupational orientation of youth. 

Bellows. 



SOCIOLOGY 81 

Psych. 261 f. Advanced Personnel Psychology (3) — Lectures and field per- 
iods. Prerequisite, Psych. 161 f. 

Actual participation in industrial and governmental personnel programs, 
together with periodic discussions of the principles involved. Intended prim- 
arily for students planning to enter personnel administration. Clark. 

Psych. 280 s. — Pol. Sci. 222 s. Analysis of Propaganda (3)— Two lectures 
and one discussion. Prerequisite, consent of instructors. 

Analytical approach to modern propaganda, including study of organizations 
which employ propaganda, of techniques in actual use in dissemination of 
propaganda, and of attempts at measuring the effects of propaganda. Respon- 
sibility for instruction is shared by the Department of Political Science and the 
Department of Psychology. Bone, Jenkins. 

SOCIOLOGY 

Courses for Graduates and Advanced Undergraduates 

Soc. 101 f. Community Organization (2) — Two lectures. Prerequisite, Soc. 
1 f or s. 

An analysis of the community and its component social groups; ecological 
foundations of the community; the structure and functions of special interest 
groups; the role of social institutions and agencies in community life; leadership 
and followership in group activities. Dodson. 

Soc. 102 f. Rural Sociology (2) — Two lectures. Each graduate student will 
be required to prepare an extra term paper. 

The structure and functions of rural communities, ancient and modern; the 
evolution of rural culture; rural institutions and their problems; the psychology 
of rural life; composition and characteristics of the rural population; relation 
of rural life to the major social processes; the social aspects of rural planning. 

Lister. 

Soc. 103 s. Urban Sociology (2) — Two lectures. Each graduate student will 
be required to prepare an extra term paper. 

The origin and growth of cities; composition and characteristics of city popu- 
lations; the social ecology of the city; social relationships and groupings in the 
city; the organization of urban activities; social problems of the city; the 
planning and control of urban development. Joslyn. 

Soc. 104 f. Recent Social Thought (2) — Two discussions. Prerequisites, 
Soc. 1 f or s, and consent of instructor. Intended mainly for sociology majors 
and minors. 

A critical study of the leading schools of sociological thought since 1800. 

Joslyn. 

Soc. 105 s. Population Problems (2) — Two lectures. Prerequisite, Soc. 1 f 
or s. (Not offered in 1939-1940.) 

Population growth in the United States; contemporary trends in fertility 
and mortality; differential fertility and mortality; changes in the composition 
of our population and their significance; population migration in modern times; 
qualitative problems of population; theories of population growth and decline. 

Jacobi. 



82 SOCIOLOGY 

Soc. 106 f. Regional Sociology (2) — Two lectures. Prerequisite, Soc. 1 f or 
s. 

An analysis of American society and culture from the standpoint of regional 
similarities and differences. Topics to be covered will include: the meanings 
and implications of regionalism; criteria of regional differentiation; types of 
regions in the United States; problems peculiar to various regions; regional 
planning. Hodge. 

Soc. 107 f. The Village (2) — Two lectures. Each graduate student will be 
required to prepare an extra term paper. (Not offered in 1939-1940.) 

The evolution of the American village; present day social structure and 
functions of the village; an analysis of village population; the relationship 
of the village to urban and open-country areas; village planning. 

Soc. 108 s. The Family (2) — Two lectures. Prerequisite, Soc. 1 f or s. 

Anthropological and historical backgrounds; biological, economic, psycholog- 
ical, and sociological bases of the family; the role of the family in personality 
development; family and society; family disorganization; family adjustment 
and social change. Jacobi. 

Soc. 120 f. Social Pathology (2) — Two lectures. Prerequisite, Soc. 1 f or s, 
or consent of instructor. 

A study of maladjustments between the individual and his social environment 
which represent deviations from generally accepted norms. Problems to be 
covered will include: poverty, unemployment, family disorganization, crime 
and delinquency, suicide, and the misuse of leisure time. Joslyn. 

Soc. 121 f. Criminology and Penology (3) — Three lectures. Prerequisite, 
Soc. 120 f. 

The nature and extent and cost of crime; causative factors; historical methods 
of dealing with criminals; apprehension of alleged criminals; the machinery of 
justice; penal institutions; other means of caring for convicted persons; the 
prevention of crime. Jacobi. 

Soc. 122 s. Juvenile Delinquency (2) — Two lectures. Prerequisite, Soc. 120 f. 

The nature of delinquency; the relations between delinquency and crime; 
the delinquent child as a social problem; causative factors in delinquency; the 
juvenile court movement; disposition and treatment of delinquent cases as a 
form of social work; evaluation of contemporary programs of crime prevention. 

Jacobi. 

Soc. 123 f. The Sociology of Leisure (2) — Two lectures. Prerequisite, Soc. 
120 f. 

This course deals with the sociological implications of leisure time and its 
uses, particularly in contemporary American life. The group aspects of rec- 
reation, including both commercialized and voluntary forms, community 
organization and planning for leisure-time activities, and related subjects are 
included. Wittier. 

Soc. 124 s. Introduction to Social Work (3) — Three lectures. Prerequisite, 
Soc. 120 f. 



SOCIOLOGY 83 

The theory of social work; social case work, generic and specific; procedure 
and techniques in social case work; principles of social diagnosis; present day 
types of social work; administration of public and private welfare agencies. 
Field trips will be made to representative social agencies. Joslyn. 

Soc. 150 s. Field Practice in Social Work (2) — Open only to sociology 
majors upon consent of instructor. Enrollment restricted to available oppor- 
tunities. 

Supervised field work of various types undertaken during the summer months 
and suited to the needs of the individual students. Joslyn. 

Courses for Graduates 

Soc. 201 y. Systematic Sociology (4) — Two lectures. 

A study of the fundamental theoretical problems of sociology. Reference will 
be made to the works of Comte, Spencer, Durkheim, Weber, and Pareto. 

Joslyn. 

Soc. 202 s. Comparative Sociology (2) — Two lectures. 

An intensive study of selected problems bearing on the significance of re- 
semblances and differences shown in the social life and cultures of primitive as 
compared with civilized peoples. Wittier. 

Soc. 203 s. Community Organization (2) — Two lectures. 

Special problems in the field of rural, village, suburban, and urban com- 
munity organization. Studies will be made of the composition, structure, and 
functioning of particular communities. Dodson. 

Soc. 204 f. Rural-Urban Sociology (2) — Two lectures. 

A study of the differences between rural and urban societies with reference to 
composition of population, social mobility, social relationships, differentiation 
of social groups, standards of living, mores and attitudes, and various patholog- 
ical conditions. Lister. 

Soc. 205 s. Regional Sociology (2) — Two lectures. 

The meanings and implications of regionalism; demarcation of regions in the 
United States on the basis of geographic, economic, demographic, political, 
and cultural criteria; characteristics and problems peculiar to each region; 
planning for regional development. Hodge. 

Soc. 221 f. Criminology and Penology (2) — Two lectures. 

An intensive study of the major problems of criminology, including the 
history of criminological theory, factors involved in crime causation, ad- 
ministration of criminal justice, modern trends in dealing with criminals, and 
present theories of crime prevention. Jacobi. 

Soc. 250. Sociological Research (2-4) — Credit according to work accom- 
plished. 

Individual research projects involving either field work or analysis of com- 
piled data. Staff. 



84 STATISTICS 

STATISTICS 

Courses for Graduates and Advanced Undergraduates 

Stat. Ill f. Biological Statistics (2)— Two lectures. 

Organized for students in biology. A study of expressions of type, variability, 
correlation, regression, error, and significance of differences. 

Stat. 112 s. Advanced Biological Statistics (2) — Two lectures. Prerequisite, 
Stat. Ill f. 

A study of error, multiple and partial correlation, predictive formulae, em- 
pirical curves, analysis of variance and covariance. 

Stat. 116 s. Statistical Design (2) — Two lectures. Prerequisite, Stat. 15 s or 
112 s. 

A study of the principles of logical design for investigations when the result- 
ing data are to be subjected to statistical analysis. Methods and uses of ran- 
domization, factorial design and confounding are considered in some detail. 

Stat. 117 f. Least Squares (2) — Two lectures. 

Development of the principles of least squares; problems in curve fitting; 
relation between minimum chi-square and maximum likelihood. 

Stat. 120. Problems (2-4). 

To acquire training and experience in independent statistical analysis, each 
student will select an approved problem for organization, analysis, and presenta- 
tion of results. 

Courses for Graduates 

Stat. 208. Special Problems (1-4). 

Each student registered in this course will choose a relatively complex prob- 
lem for organization, analysis, and presentation of results. 



ZOOLOGY 

Courses for Graduates and Advanced Undergraduates 

Zool. 101 f. Mammalian Anatomy (3) — Three laboratories. Registration 
limited. Permission of the instructor must be obtained before registration. 

A course in the dissection of the cat or other mammal. Recommended for 
premedical students, and those whose major is zoology. Hard. 

Zool. 102 s. Histological Technique (3) — One lecture; two laboratories. 
Registration is limited and the permission of the instructor must be obtained 
before registration. 

The preparation of animal tissues for microscopical examination. The course 
is designed to qualify the student in the preparation of tissues and blood for 
normal and pathological study. Hard. 

Zool. 103 f, 104 s. General Animal Physiology (3,3) — Two lectures; one labor- 
atory. Prerequisites, one year of chemistry and one course in vertebrate anato- 



ZOOLOGY 85 

my. Registration limited to twelve, and permission of instructor must be ob- 
tained before registration. 

The first semester work deals with the fundamentals of cellular and general 
physiology; the second semester is devoted to an application of these principles 
to the higher animals. Phillips. 

Zool. 105 f. Aquiculture (3)— Two lectures; one laboratory. Prerequisite, 
one course in zoology. 

The course deals with the practices employed in rearing aquatic animals 
and the properties of natural waters which render them suitable for environ- 
mental purposes. Truitt. 

Zool. 106 y. Journal Club (2) — One session. 

Reviews, reports, and discussions of current literature. Required of all stu- 
dents whose major is zoology. Staff. 

Zool. 108 f. Animal Geography (3) — Two lectures; one laboratory. Prereq- 
uisite, one course in zoology. 

This course deals with the distribution, classification, and environmental 
relations of animals. Several field trips are scheduled. Newcombe. 

Zool. 120 s. Animal Genetics (3) — Two lectures; one laboratory. 

The fundamental principles of heredity and variation. A consideration of 
the factors determining the formation and development of the characteristics of 
an individual and their manner of transmission through successive generations. 
Required of students whose major is zoology who do not have credit for Gen. 
101 f. Burhoe. 

Zool. 121 s. Animal Ecology (3) — Two lectures; one laboratory. Prerequisite, 
one course in zoology. 

Animals are studied in relation to their natural surroundings. Certain en- 
vironmental factors affecting growth, behavior and distribution are analyzed by 
observations and experiments conducted in the field and also in the laboratory 
under controlled conditions. Special field excursions are made to the mountains 
and sea shore. Newcombe. 

Courses for Graduates 

Zool. 200 s. Marine Zoology (4) — Two lectures; two laboratories. 
Problems in salt water animal life of the higher phyla. Truitt. 

Zool. 201 f. Microscopical Anatomy (4) — Two lectures; two laboratories. 

A detailed study of the morphology and activity of cells composing animal 
tissues. Recent advances in the field of cytology are covered in lectures, 
assigned readings and reports. Hard. 

Zool. 203 s. Advanced Embryology (4) — Two lectures; two laboratories. 

Mechanics of fertilization and growth. A review of the important contri- 
butions in the field of experimental embryology and development of animals, in- 
cluding a consideration of tissue culture and transplantation. Burhoe. 



86 CHESAPEAKE BIOLOGICAL LABORATORY 

Zool. 204 f. Advanced Animal Physiology (4) — Two lectures; two laborator- 
ies. 

The principles of general and cellular physiology as found in animal life. 

Phillips. 

Zool. 205 f. Hydrobiology (4) — Two lectures; two laboratories. 

Biotic, physical, and chemical factors of the aquatic environment, including 
certain fundamental principles of oceanography. Special reference is made to 
the Chesapeake Bay region. Newcombe. 

Zool. 206. Research — Credit to be arranged. Staff. 

CHESAPEAKE BIOLOGICAL LABORATORY 

This laboratory, located in the center of the Chesapeake Bay country, is 
on Solomons Island, Maryland. It is sponsored cooperatively by the Mary- 
land Conservation Department, Goucher College, Washington College, Johns 
Hopkins University, University of Maryland, Western Maryland College, and 
the Carnegie Institution of Washington, in order to afford a center for wildlife 
research and study where facts tending toward a fuller appreciation of nature 
may be gathered and disseminated. The program projects a comprehensive 
survey of the biota of the Chesapeake region. 

The laboratory is open throughout the year. Courses are offered during a six- 
week summer session. 

For further information about work at the Chesapeake Biological Laboratory, 
apply to Dr. R. V. Truitt, Director, College Park, Maryland. 



87 



GRADUATE COURSES IN THE PROFESSIONAL SCHOOLS AT 

BALTIMORE 

SCHOOL OF MEDICINE 



ANATOMY 

Minors 

The courses recorded under" Minors "are acceptable as graduate courses only 
if they are taken to satisfy minor requirements in a major subject. 

Anat. 101 f. Human Gross Anatomy (10) — Total number of hours 288. Five 
lectures; fifteen laboratory hours per week throughout the first semester. 

A complete dissection of the human body (exclusive of the central nervous 
system). Uhlenhuth, Figge, Lipsett, Covington, Brantigen, Shelly. 

Anat. 102 f. Mammalian Histology (6) — Two lectures; ten laboratory hour6 
per week. 

A general survey of the histological structure of the organs of mammals and 
man. Opportunity is offered for examining and studying a complete collection 
of microscopical sections. Davis, Lutz. 

Anat. 103 s. Human Neurology (4) — Three lectures and six laboratory 
hours per week for ten weeks of the second semester. Prerequisite, Anat. 102 
or equivalent. 

This course provides a general survey of the structure of the human central 
nervous system, being mainly directed toward the fiber tracts and nuclei con- 
tained therein. It includes a brief study of the special senses. The laboratory 
work is based on a dissection of the human brain, together with the study of 
prepared microscopic sections of the brain stem. Davis, Lutz, Harne. 

Majors 

Anat. 202. For work leading to a Ph. D. in Anatomy. 

A study of the neurological or embryological problems based on 102 f or 103 s. 
Only students who have had the preceding course in histology or neurology are 
eligible for this work. Davis. 

Courses 203, 204 and 205 are offered throughout the year, including the 
summer time. Time and credit are adjusted in personal conference between 
student and instructor. 

Anat. 203. Advanced Gross Anatomy. Total number of hours, approxi- 
mately 150. Monday, Tuesday, Wednesday, 2-5 p. m. I 

The study of human anatomy by gross anatomical methods, especially by 
dissection of specialized structures and limited regions of the human body. The 
exact nature of this course will depend on the requirements of the applicant. 
It may be taken by students of anatomy, medicine and biology as well as by 
physicians desiring graduate work. Uhlenhuth, Figge, Lipsett, Brantigen. 



88 BIOCHEMISTRY 

Anat. 204. Experimental Anatomy of the Endocrine Glands. 

This course is intended to impart broad familiarity with the subject and 
to provide, through the medium of laboratory work, a knowledge of the methods 
of its investigation. Intimate contact with the instructor, frequent informal 
discussions and properly selected reading take the place of formal lectures. 

Uhlenhuth. 

Anat. 205. Problems in the Experimental Anatomy of the Endocrines. 

This course is a continuation of the previous one, but on an advanced level. 
It may be used for the preparation of a Doctor's thesis leading to a Ph. D. de- 
gree. Uhlenhuth. 

BACTERIOLOGY 

Minors 

Bact. 101 f. General Bacteriology (5). Sixteen lectures and 104 laboratory 
hours. 

The course includes the preparation and sterilization of culture media and the 
study of pathogenic bacteria and the more important protozoa. The principles 
of general bacteriology are discussed in lectures. 

Bact. 102 s. Immunology (4) — Sixteen lectures and 56 laboratory hours. 
Principles of immunology are discussed in the lectures. Experiments to 
demonstrate the action of various antibodies are performed by the students. 

Majors 

Bact. 291. Special Problems. Time and credit are subject to special arrange- 
ment. A laboratory course on selected problems of bacteriology. The lectures 
are supplemented by personal contact with the instructor, discussions of the 
various phases of the work and by reading. 

Bact. 202. Research. Time and credit are subject to special arrangement. 



BIOCHEMISTRY 
Minors 

Biochem. 101 s. Fundamental Principles of Biochemistry (6) — Six lectures 
and conferences, and two three-hour laboratory periods per week for sixteen 
weeks, from February to May, inclusive. 

This course is designed to present the fundamental principles of biological 
chemistry and to indicate their applications to the clinical aspects of medicine. 
The phenomena of living matter and its chief ingredients, secretions and ex- 
cretions, are discussed in lectures and conferences and examined experimentally. 
Training is given in routine biochemical methods of investigation. This course 
is a prerequisite to advanced work in this subject. Graduate students who take 
this course as a minor toward a higher degree are required to supplement it by 
extra-curricular work. Wylie, Schmidt, Ogden. 

Majors 

Biochem. 201 f and s. A course in specialized fields of biochemistry designed 
to prepare the student for advanced research work. Prerequisite, Biochem. 101 s. 



PHARMACOLOGY 89 

The particular phases of biochemistry taken up in this course will vary with 
the requirements and interests of the student. The course is limited to students 
working toward a Ph. D. degree in biochemistry and in other biological sub- 
jects. Credit is allotted in keeping with the extent and quality of work accom- 
plished. Wylie, Schmidt. 

Biochem. 202 f and s. Research. Limited to graduate students seeking a 
Ph. D. degree in biochemistry. Credit is given on the basis of extent and 
quality of accomplishment. Wylie, Schmidt. 



PHARMACOLOGY 

All students majoring in pharmacology with a view to obtaining the degree 
of Master of Science or Doctor of Philosophy should secure special training 
in anatomy, mammalian physiology, organic chemistry, and physical chem- 
istry (Chem. 102 A y). 

Minors 

Pharmacology 101 f and s. General Pharmacology (7) — Three lectures; one 
laboratory. This course consists of 75 lectures and 30 laboratory periods of 
three hours each; offered each year, September to May inclusive, at the Medical 
School. 

Pharmacology as applied to medicine and the fundamental principles of 
pharmacologic technique are taught in this course, hence it is a prerequisite for 
all other advanced courses in this subject. 

Krantz, Carr, Evans, Musser, Harne, Johnson. 

Majors 

Pharmacology 202 f. Chemotherapy. Credit in accordance with the amount 
of work accomplished. 

The action of new synthetic compounds from a pharmacodynamic point of 
view. Krantz. 

Pharmacology 203 f. Carbohydrate Metabolism. Credit in accordance with 
the amount of work accomplished. 

A systematic study of the relationship between chemical constitution and the 
fate of carbohydrates and carbohydrate-like substances in the animal body. 

Krantz, Carr. 

Pharmacology 204 f. Research. Credit in accordance with the amount of 
work accomplished. 

Properly guided research problems in pharmacology and related fields. Open 
to students majoring in pharmacology. Krantz, Carr. 

Pharmacology 205 f. Research. Credit in accordance with the amount of 
work accomplished. 

Special problems in toxicology, the detections of poisons in viscera and in- 
dustrial poisons. Evans. 



90 PHYSIOLOGY 

PHYSIOLOGY 
Minors 

Physiology 101. The Principles of Physiology (8) — Four lectures, two con- 
ferences, and two laboratory periods a week, supplemented by demonstrations. 
September to January, inclusive. 

The fundamental concepts of physiology are presented in lectures and illus- 
trated by laboratory experiments. Attention is given especially to those phases of 
physiology which are essential for a medical training. Amberson and Staff. 

Majors 

Physiology 201. Experimental Mammalian Physiology. Time and credit by 
arrangement. 

Open to properly qualified graduate students. The work will consist of se- 
lected experiments and discussions involving the original literature. 

Amberson, Smith, Oster. 

Physiology 202. Physiological Effects of Radiation (1). Weekly lectures 
and conferences during November and December. Open only to students with 
an adequate training in physics. A thesis will be required. 

The purpose is to review the general principles and problems concerned in 
the use of radiation in medicine. Oster. 

Physiology 203. Physiology of the Endocrines (1). Weekly lectures, October 
to January, inclusive, on recent developments in endocrinology. A thesis will 
be required. Smith. 

Physiology 204. Seminar. Credit according to work done. 
Intensive study of the literature in selected fields of physiology as a prepara- 
tion for research. Amberson and Staff. 

Physiology 205. Research. By arrangement with the head of the department. 

Staff. 



91 



SCHOOL OF PHARMACY 

BOTANY 

Courses for Graduates and Advanced Undergraduates 

Bot. 101 y. Taxonomy of the Higher Plants (4) — One lecture; one labor- 
atory. 

A study of the kinds of seed plants and ferns, their classification, and field 
work on local flora. Emphasis will be placed on official drug plants. Instruction 
will be given in the preparation of an herbarium. Slama. 

Bot. 102 y. Advanced Vegetable Histology (8) — Two lectures; two labor- 
atories. 

Work covers advanced plant anatomy, embedding of material in cellodin 
and in paraffin, section cutting, etc., leading to research. Slama. 

Courses for Graduates 

Bot. 201 y. Advanced Study of Vegetable Powders (4 to 8)— Two lectures; 
two laboratories. 

A study of powdered vegetable drugs and spices from the structural and 
micro-chemical standpoints, including practice in identification and detection. 

Slama. 

Bot. 202 y. Advanced Pharmacognosy. (4-8) — Two lectures; two laboratories. 

A study of many crude drugs not ordinarily studied in other pharmacognosy 
courses. Special attention will be given to practical problems and to the iden- 
tification and detection of adulterants. Slama. 

Bot. 203. Research in Pharmacognosy. Credit according to amount and 
quality of work performed. 



PHARMACEUTICAL CHEMISTRY 

Courses for Graduates and Advanced Undergraduates 

Phar. Chem. 101 f. Chemistry of Medicinal Products (3-5).— Two lectures; 
one to three laboratory periods. 

A study of the more important medicinal plant products and of synthetic 
compounds. The laboratory work will include the isolation and identification 
of plant principles and the preparation of the simpler organic compounds used 
in medicine. Hartung. 

Phar. Chem. 101 s. Food Chemistry (4) — Two lectures; two laboratory 
periods. 

A study of the composition of foods, their adulterants, and the methods em- 
ployed by public health and industrial laboratories for the analytical examina- 
tion of foods. Hartung. 



92 PHARMACEUTICAL CHEMISTRY 

Phar. Chem. 103 y. Physiological Chemistry (8) — Two lectures, two labor- 
atories. Prerequisites, Chem. 1 y, 2 y, 4 s, Physiol. 1 s. 

General survey of the subject, including study of digestion, metabolism, ex- 
cretion, enzymes, hormones, vitamins, and other topics of pharmaceutical 
interest. Chapman, Gittinger, McNamara. 

Phar. Chem. 105 y. Advanced Pharmaceutical Analysis (3-6) — Three 
laboratory periods. The course may be elected for either or both semesters, 
and may be taken by undergraduates with the consent of the professor in 
charge. 

A laboratory study of the qualitative and quantitative analytical procedures 
and methods as applied to official and commercial, natural and synthetic drugs, 
their intermediates and derivatives. Hartung. 



Courses for Graduates 

Phar. Chem. 200 y. Survey of Pharmaceutical Chemistry. Credit and hours 
to be arranged. (Not given in 1939-1940.) 

A survey of the chemical structure and reaction of selected groups of phar- 
maceutically and pharmacologically important compounds of non-basic nature. 

Hartung, Starkey. 

Phar. Chem. 201 y. Chemistry of Alkaloids (4) — Two lectures. 

A survey of the chemical structure and the reactions of pharmaceutically 
and pharmacologically important organic bases. Hartung. 

Phar. Chem. 202 y. Advanced Pharmaceutical Synthesis (1-8) — Laboratory 
work and conferences. 

A study of fundamental and basic chemical procedures employed in the 
synthesis of various drugs and their intermediates, and a survey of their ap- 
plication. Hartung. 

Phar. Chem. 233 y. Pharmaceutical Chemistry Seminar (2). 

Reports of progress and discussion of the problems encountered in research 
and the presentation of papers which survey the recent developments of 
pharmaceutical chemistry reported in the current literature. Required of all 
students majoring in the department throughout their period of matriculation. 

Hartung. 

Phar. Chem. 205. Research in Pharmaceutical Chemistry. Credit to be 
determined by the amount and the quality of the work performed. Hartung. 



PHARMACOLOGY AND THERAPEUTICS 

Courses for Graduates and Advanced Undergraduates 

Pharmacology 101 f. Official Methods of Biological Assay (4) — Two lectures, 
two laboratories. Prerequisite, Physiology 1 f and Pharmacology 1 y. 

A course in the methods of biological assay prescribed by the United States 
Pharmacopoeia and the National Formulary. Chapman. 



PHARMACY 93 

Courses for Graduates 

Pharmacology 201 y. Methods of Biological Assay (8) — Two lectures; two 
laboratories. Prerequisite, Pharmacology 101 f. (Given in alternate years.) 

The application of statistical methods to the problems of biological assay and 
a study of the more important unofficial methods for the assay of therapeutic 
substances. Chapman. 

Pharmacology 202 y. Special Studies in Pharmaco-dynamics (2-4) — Two 
lectures; two laboratories. Prerequisite, Pharmacology 101 f. 

The procedures involved in pharmacological analysis and in the determina- 
tion of the site of action and the nature of action of drugs. Chapman. 

Pharmacology 203 y. Special Studies in Biological Assay Methods (4-8) — 
Two lectures; two laboratories. Prerequisite, Pharmacology 101 f, Pharma- 
cology 201 y. (Given in alternate years.) 

The development of biological assay methods and comparative standards for 
substances for which there are no satisfactory methods or standards. 

Chapman. 

Pharmacology 204. Research in Pharmacology and Therapeutics. Credit 
according to amount and quality of work performed. Chapman. 

PHARMACY 

Courses for Graduates and Advanced Undergraduates 

Pharmacy 101 y. (6) — One lecture; two laboratories. Prerequisite, consent 
of the instructor. 

A continuation of the courses given in the Pharmacy School in the second and 
third years with special reference to methods employed in the manufacture of 
pharmaceuticals on a commercial scale. DuMez. 

Courses for Graduates 

Pharmacy 201 y. Advanced Pharmaceutical Technology (8) — Two lectures; 
two laboratories. 

A study of pharmaceutical manufacturing processes from the standpoint of 
plants, crude materials used, their collection, preservation, and transformation 
into forms suitable for therapeutic use. DuMez. 

Pharmacy 202 y. Survey of Pharmaceutical Literature. Credit according to 
the work performed. 

Lectures and topics on the literature pertaining to pharmacy with special 
reference to the origin and development of the works on drug standards; phar- 
maceutical periodicals. DuMez. 

Pharmacy 203 y. History of Pharmacy (4) — Two lectures. 
Lectures and topics on the development of pharmacy in America and in the 
principal countries of Europe. DuMez. 

Pharmacy 204. Research in Pharmacy. Credit and hours to be arranged. 

DuMez. 



INDEX 



Page 
Administration 

Board of Regents 5 

Graduate Council 6 

Officers— 6 

Accounting 28 

Admission 

to Graduate School 7 

to candidacy for degrees 9 

Agricultural Economics— 16 

Agricultural Education 18 

Agronomy 19 

Anatomy 87 

Animal Husbandry 21 

Assistants 14 

Bacteriology 22, 88 

Biochemistry 88 

Botany 24,91 

Business Administration 28 

Calendar 4 

Candidacy for advanced degrees 9, 10, 11 

Chemistry 35 

analytical 35 

biological 39 

general 35 

organic .- 36 

physical 37 

Chemical Engineering- 40 

Chesapeake Biological Laboratory 86 

Commencement 14 

Comparative Literature 42 

Dairy Husbandry 43 

Doctor of Philosophy 

requirements 11 

Economics 45 

Education 47 

history and principles 47 

educational psychology 49 

methods in H. S. subjects _ 49 

home economics 51 

industrial 51 

physical 51 

English Language and Literature 52 

Entomology 56 

Examinations 

for Master's degree 11 

for Doctor's degree 12 

modern language for Ph. D. candidates... 12 

Fees 13 

Fellowships 13 

application for 13 

service 13 

stipend 13 

residence requirements 13 



Page 

Finance 30 

Foods and Nutrition 60 

French 68 

Genetics 58 

German 69 

Graduate Assistantships 13 

service 13 

stipend- 13 

residence 13 

Graduate Club 7 

History of Graduate School 7 

History, course in 58 

Home Economics 60 

Horticulture 63 

Libraries 7 

Master's degree, requirements for._ 10 

Marketing 31 

Mathematics 64 

Medicine, School of 87 

Modern Languages 68 

Pharmaceutical Chemistry 91 

Pharmacy, School of 91 

courses in. 93 

Pharmacology _89, 92 

Philosophy 71 

Physics 71 

Physiology..... 90 

Plant Pathology 26 

Plant Physiology 27 

Political Science 74 

Poultry Husbandry 77 

Professional Schools in Baltimore 

general 9 

courses in 87 

Psychology 79 

Registration 8 

Residence Requirements 

for Doctor's degree 11 

for Master's degree 10 

for assistants and fellows 13, 14 

for summer school students 9 

Seniors, graduate work by 9 

Sociology 81 

Soils 20 

Spanish 70 

Statistics 84 

Summer School 9 

Textiles and Clothing 62 

Thesis 

Doctor's 12 

Master's. 10 

Trade and Transportation 32 

Zoology 84