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Full text of "The Graduate School announcements"

Digitized by the Internet Archive 

in 2010 with funding from 

Lyrasis Members and Sloan Foundation 



http://www.archive.org/details/graduateschoolan1941univ 




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THE GRADUATE SCHOOL 



38 OFFICIAL PUBLICATION 




1941-1942 



COLLEGE PARK, MARYLAND 
JANUARY, 1941 



fyniuefrtity o^ MaAAfloAid 



THE li I! I II I IT l SCHOOL 



38 OFFICIAL PUBLICATION No. 1 




1941-1942 



Issued monthly by the University of Maryland at College Park, Md. Entered 
as second-class matter, under Act of Congress of August 24, 1912. 



TABLE OF CONTENTS 

Page 

Calendar, 1941-1942 4 

Board of Regents 5 

Administrative Officers 6 

The Graduate School Council 6 

General Information 7 

History and Organization 7 

Location 7 

Libraries 7 

Graduate Club 7 

General Regulations 7 

Admission to Graduate School 7 

Registration 8 

Graduate Courses 8 

Program of Work 8 

Summer Graduate Work 9 

Graduate Work in Professional Schools at Baltimore 9 

Graduate Work by Seniors in this University 9 

Admission to Candidacy for Advanced Degrees 9 

Requirements for the Degrees of Master of Arts and Master of 
Science 10 

Requirements for the Degree of Master of Education 12 

Requirements for the Degree of Doctor of Philosophy 12 

Rules Governing Language Examinations for Doctor of Philos- 
ophy Candidates 13 

Graduate Fees 14 

Fellowships and Assistantships 15 

Commencement 15 

Description of Courses 16 

Index 119 



CALENDAR 

1941 - 1942 



First Semester 



1941 




Sept. 17-20 Wednesday-Saturday 


Sept. 22 


Monday, 8:20 a.m. 


Sept. 24 


Wednesday 


Oct. 1 


Wednesday 


Nov. 19 


Wednesday, 5 : 10 p. m, 


Nov. 24 


Monday, 8:20 a. m. 


Dec. 19 


Friday, 5:10 p. m. 


1942 




Jan. 5 


Monday, 8:20 a.m. 


Jan. 22-29 


Thursday-Thursday 


Feb. 2-4 


Secoi 
Monday- Wednesday 


Feb. 4 


Wednesday 



Feb. 5 



Thursday, 8:20 a. m. 



Feb. 23 


Monday 


April 2 


Thursday, 5 : 10 p. m. 


April 8 


Wednesday, 8 :20 a. m, 


May 16 


Saturday 



May 23 Saturday 



Registration. 

Instruction for first semester begins. 

Modern language examinations for 
Ph.D. requirement. 

Last day to file applications for ad- 
mission to candidacy for Doctor's 
degree at Commencement of 1942. 

Thanksgiving recess begins. 

Thanksgiving recess ends. 

Christmas recess begins. 

Christmas recess ends. 

First semester examinations. 



Registration for second semester. 

Modern language examinations for 
Ph.D. requirement. 

Instruction for second semester begins. 

Last day to file applications for ad- 
mission to candidacy for the Master's 
degree at Commencement of 1942. 

Washington's Birthday holiday. 

Easter recess begins. 

Easter recess ends. 

Last day to deposit Doctor's thesis in 
office of Graduate School. 

Last day to deposit Master's thesis in 
office of Graduate School. 



May 26- 










June 3 


Tuesday-Wednesday 


Second semester examinations. 


May 30 


Saturday 






Memorial Day holiday. 


May 31 


Sunday, 11 : 


00 


a. m. 


Baccalaureate sermon. 


June 3 


Wednesday 






Modern language examinations for 
Ph.D. requirement. 


June 5 


Friday 






Class Day. 


June 6 


Saturday 




Sum! 


Commencement. 
vier Session 


June 22 


Monday 






Summer session begins. 


July 31 


Friday 






Summer session ends. 



BOARD OF REGENTS 



Term Expires 



\Y. W. Skinner, Chairman 1945 

Kensington, Montgomery County 

Henry Holzapfel, Jr., Vice-Chairman 1943 

Hagerstown, Washington County 

Mrs. John L. Whitehurst, Secretary 1947 

4101 Greenway, Baltimore 

J. Milton Patterson, Treasurer 1944 

1015 Argonne Drive, Northwood, Baltimore 

Rowland K. Adams 1948 

1808 Fairbank Road, Baltimore 

W. Calvin Chesnut 1942 

Roland Park, Baltimore 

William P. Cole, Jr 1949 

Towson, Baltimore County 

Harry H. Nuttle 1941 

Denton, Caroline County 

John E. Semmes 1942 

100 W. University Parkway, Baltimore 



ADMINISTRATIVE OFFICERS 

H. C. Byrd, LL.D., President of the University. 

C. O. Appleman, Ph.D., Dean of the Graduate School. 

Elsie Parrett, M. A., Secretary to the Dean. 

Harold Benjamin, Ph.D., Director of the Summer School. 

Adele Stamp, M. A., Dean of Women. 

H. T. Casbarian, B. C. S., C. P. A., Comptroller. 

Edgar F. Long, Acting Director of Admissions. 

Alma H. Preinkert, M. A., Registrar. 

Carl W. E. Hintz, A. M. L. S., Librarian. 

H. L. Crisp, M. M. E., Superintendent of Buildings and Grounds. 

T. A. Hutton, B.A., Purchasing Agent and Manager of Students' 

Supply Store. 



THE GRADUATE SCHOOL COUNCIL 

H. C. Byrd, LL.D., President of the University. 

C. 0. Appleman, Ph.D., Dean of the Graduate School, Chairman. 

Harold Benjamin, Ph.D., Professor of Education. 

L. B. Broughton, Ph.D., Professor of Chemistry. 

R. B. Corbett, Ph.D., Director Experiment Station. 

E. N. Cory, Ph.D., Professor of Entomology. 

H. F. Cotterman, Ph.D., Professor of Agricultural Education. 

C. B. Hale, Ph.D., Professor of English. 

L. V. Howard, Ph.D., Professor of Political Science. 

Wilbert J. Huff, Ph.D., D.Sc, Professor of Chemical Engineering. 

L. H. James, Ph.D., Professor of Bacteriology. 

John G. Jenkins, Ph.D., Professor of Psychology. 

DeVoe Meade, Ph.D., Professor of Animal and Dairy Husbandry. 

M. Marie Mount, M. A., Professor of Home and Institution Management. 

H. J. Patterson, D.Sc, Dean Emeritus of Agriculture. 

W. Mackenzie Stevens, Ph.D., Professor of Economics and Business 

Administration. 
T. H. Taliaferro, C. E., Ph.D., Professor of Mathematics. 
A. E. Zucker, Ph.D., Professor of Modern Languages. 
Walter H. Hartung, Ph.D., Professor of Pharmaceutical Chemistry 

(Baltimore). 
Eduard Uhlenhuth, Ph.D., Professor of Gross Anatomy (Baltimore). 



GENERAL INFORMATION 7 

GENERAL INFORMATION 
HISTORY AND ORGANIZATION 

In the earlier years of the institution the Master's degree was frequently 
conferred, but the work of the graduate students was in charge of the 
departments concerned, under the supervision of the general faculty. The 
Graduate School of the University of Maryland was established in 1918, 
and organized graduate instruction leading to both the Master's and the 
Doctor's degree was undertaken. The faculty of the Graduate School 
includes all members of the various faculties who give instruction in 
approved graduate courses. The general administrative functions of the 
graduate faculty are delegated to a Graduate Council, of which the Dean 
of the Graduate School is chairman. 

LOCATION 

The University of Maryland is located at College Park, in Prince George's 
County, Maryland, on the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad, eight miles from 
Washington and thirty-two miles from Baltimore. Washington, with its 
wealth of resources, is easily accessible by train, street car and bus. 

The professional schools of Medicine, Nursing, Pharmacy, Dentistry and 
Law are located in Baltimore, at the corner of Lombard and Greene Streets. 

LIBRARIES 

In addition to the resources of the University libraries the great libraries 
of the National Capital are easily available for reference work. Because 
of the proximity of these libraries to College Park they are a valuable 
asset to research and graduate work at the University of Maryland. 

The library building at College Park contains a number of seminar 
rooms and other desirable facilities for graduate work. 

THE GRADUATE CLUB 

The graduate students maintain an active Graduate Club. Several 
meetings for professional and social purposes are held during the year. 
Students working in different departments have an opportunity to become 
acquainted with one another and thus profit by the broad cultural values 
derived from contacts with fellow students working in different fields. 

GENERAL REGULATIONS 

ADMISSION 

An applicant for admission to the Graduate School must hold a 
bachelor's or a master's degree from a college or university of recognized 
standing. The applicant shall furnish an official transcript of his collegiate 



8 GENERAL REGULATIONS 

record which for unconditional admission must show creditable completion 
of an adequate amount of undergraduate preparation for graduate work 
in his chosen field. Application for admission to the Graduate School 
should be made prior to dates of registration on blanks obtained from the 
office of the Dean. 

After approval of the application a matriculation card, signed by the 
Dean, is issued to the student. This card permits one to register in the 
Graduate School. After payment of the fee, the matriculation card is 
stamped and returned to the student. It is his certificate of membership 
in the Graduate School and should be retained by the student to present 
at each succeeding registration. 

Admission to the Graduate School does not necessarily imply admission 
to candidacy for an advanced degree. 

REGISTRATION 

All students pursuing graduate work in the University, even though 
they are not candidates for higher degrees, are required to register in the 
Graduate School at the beginning of each semester. Students taking 
graduate work in the summer session are also required to register in the 
Graduate School at the beginning of each session. In no case will gradu- 
ate credit be given unless the student matriculates and registers in the 
Graduate School. The program of work for the semester or the summer 
session is arranged by the student with the major department and entered 
upon two course cards, which are signed first by the professor in charge 
of the student's major subject and then by the Dean of the Graduate 
School. One card is retained by the Dean. The student takes the other 
card, and in case of a new student, also the matriculation card, to the 
Registrar's office, where the registration is completed. Students will not 
be admitted to graduate courses until the Registrar has certified to the 
instructor that registration has been completed. Course cards may be 
obtained at the Registrar's office or at the Dean's office. The heads of 
departments usually keep a supply of these cards in their respective offices. 

GRADUATES COURSES 

Graduate students must elect for credit in partial fulfillment of the 
requirements for higher degrees only courses designated For Graduates 
or For Graduates and Advanced Undergraduates. Graduate students who 
are inadequately pz-epared for graduate work in their chosen fields or who 
lack prerequisites for minor courses may elect a limited number of courses 
numbered from 1 to 99 in the general catalogue, but graduate credit will 
not be allowed for these courses. Courses that are audited are registered 
for in the same way, and at the same fees, as other courses. 

PROGRAM OF WORK 

The professor who is selected to direct a student's thesis work is the 
student's adviser in the formulation of a graduate program, including 
suitable minor work, which is arranged in cooperation with the instructors. 



GENERAL REGULATIONS 9 

To encourage thoroughness in scholarship through intensive application, 
graduate students in the regular sessions are limited to a program of thirty 
credit hours for the year. If a student is preparing a thesis during the 
minimum residence for the master's degree, the registration in graduate 
courses should not exceed twenty-four hours for the year. 

SUMMER GRADUATE WORK 

Graduate work in the summer session may be counted as residence 
toward an advanced degree. By special arrangement, graduate work may 
be pursued during the entire summer in some departments. Such students 
as graduate assistants, or others who may wish to supplement work done 
during the regular year, may satisfy one-third of an academic year's 
residence by full-time graduate work for eleven or twelve weeks, provided 
satisfactory supervision and facilities for summer work are available in 
their special fields. 

The University publishes a special bulletin giving full information con- 
cerning the summer session and the graduate courses offered therein. The 
bulletin is available upon application to the Registrar of the University. 

GRADUATE WORK IN PROFESSIONAL SCHOOLS AT BALTIMORE 

Graduate courses and opportunities for research are offered in some of 
the professional schools at Baltimore. Students pursuing graudate work 
in the professional schools must register in the Graduate School, and meet 
the same requirements and proceed in the same way, as do graduate 
students in other departments of the University. 

The graduate courses in the professional schools are listed on pages 
110 to 118. 

GRADUATE WORK BY SENIORS IN THIS UNIVERSITY 

Seniors who have completed all their undergraduate courses in this Uni- 
versity by the end of the first semester, and who continue their residence 
in the University for the remainder of the year, are permitted to register 
in the Graduate School and secure the privileges of its membership, even 
though the bachelor's degree is not conferred until the close of the year. 

A senior of this University who has nearly completed the requirements 
for the undergraduate degree may, with the approval of his undergradu- 
ate dean and the Dean of the Graduate School, register in the under- 
graduate college for graduate courses, which may later be transferred for 
graduate credit toward an advanced degree at this University, but the 
total of undergraduate and graduate courses must not exceed fifteen 
credits for the semester. Excess credits in the senior year cannot later 
be transferred unless such prearrangement is made. Graduate credits 
earned during the senior year may not be used to shorten the residence 
period required for advanced degrees. 

ADMISSION TO CANDIDACY FOR ADVANCED DEGREES 

Application for admission to candidacy for the Master's and for the 
Doctor's degree is made on application blanks which are obtained at the 



10 GENERAL REGULATIONS 

office of the Dean of the Graduate School. These are filled out in duplicate 
and after the required endorsements are obtained, the applications are 
acted upon by the Graduate Council. An official transcript of the candi- 
date's undergraduate record and any graduate courses completed at other 
institutions must be on file in the Dean's office before the application can 
be considered. 

Admission to candidacy in no case assures the student of a degree, but 
merely signifies he has met all the formal requirements and is considered 
by his instructors sufficiently prepared and able to pursue such graduate 
study and research as are demanded by the requirements of the degree 
sought. The candidate must show superior scholarship by the type of 
graduate work already completed. 

Application for admission to candidacy is made at the time stated in 
the sections dealing with the requirements for the degree sought. 

REQUIREMENTS FOR THE DEGREES OF MASTER OF ARTS 
AND MASTER OF SCIENCE 

Advancement to Candidacy. Each candidate for the Master's degree is 
required to make application for admission to candidacy not later than the 
date when instruction begins for the second semester of the academic year 
in which the degree is sought (or in case of a summer school student, at 
the end of the third summer's residence), but not until at least twelve 
semester course hours of graduate work have been completed. An average 
grade of "B" in all major and minor subjects is required. 

Minimum Residence. A residence of at least one full academic year, 
or its equivalent, at this institution, is required. 

By carrying approximately six semester hours of graduate work for 
four summer sessions at this institution, a student may fulfill the residence 
requirements for the degree of Master of Arts or Master of Science, pro- 
vided that the greater part of the thesis work can be done under direction 
during the periods between summer sessions. In some instances a fifth 
summer of residence may be required in order that a satisfactory thesis 
may be completed. 

Course Requirements. A minimum of twenty-four semester hours, ex- 
clusive of research, with an average "B" grade in courses approved for 
graduate credit, is required for the degrees of Master of Arts and Master 
of Science. If the student is inadequately prepared for the required grad- 
uate courses, either in the major or minor subjects, additional courses may 
be required to supplement the undergraduate work. Of the twenty-four 
hours required in graduate courses, not less than twelve semester hours 
and not more than sixteen semester hours must be earned in the major 
subject. The remaining credits must be outside the major subject and must 
comprise a group of coherent courses intended to supplement and support 
the major work. Not less than one-half of the total required course 
credits for the degree, or a minimum of twelve, must be selected from 
courses numbered 200 or above. No credit for the degree of Master of 
Arts or Master of Science may be obtained for correspondence or exten- 
sion courses. The entire course of study must constitute a unified program 
approved by the student's major adviser and by the Dean of the Graduate 



GENERAL REGULATIONS 11 

School. 

Transfer of Credit. Credit, not to exceed six hours, obtained at other 
recognized institutions may be transferred and applied to the course re- 
quirements of the Master's degree, provided that the work was of grad- 
uate character, and provided that it is approved for inclusion in the 
student's graduate program at the University of Maryland. This transfer 
of credit is submitted to the Graduate Council for approval when the 
student applies for admission to candidacy for the degree. Acceptance 
of the transferred credit does not reduce the minimum residence require- 
ment. The candidate is subject to final examination by this institution in 
all work offered for the degree. 

Thesis. In addition to the twenty-four semester hours in graduate 
courses a satisfactory thesis is required of all candidates for the degrees 
of Master of Arts and Master of Science. It must demonstrate the stu- 
dent's ability to do independent work and it must be acceptable in literary 
style and composition. It is assumed that the time devoted to thesis work 
will be not less than the equivalent of six semester hours earned in grad- 
uate courses. With the approval of the student's major professor and 
the Dean of the Graduate School, the thesis in certain cases may be 
prepared in absentia under direction and supervision of a member of the 
faculty of this institution. 

The original copy of the thesis must be deposited in the office of the 
Graduate School not later than two weeks before commencement. An 
abstract of the contents of the thesis, 200 to 250 words in length, must 
accompany it. A manual giving full directions for the physical make-up 
of the thesis is in the hands of each professor who directs thesis work, and 
should be consulted by the student before the typing of the manuscript is 
begun. Individual copies of this manual may be obtained by the student 
at the Dean's office, at nominal cost. 

Final examination. The final oral examination is conducted by a com- 
mittee appointed by the Dean of the Graduate School. The student's 
adviser acts as the chairman of the committee. The other members of the 
committee are persons under whom the student has taken most of his 
major and minor courses. The chairman and the candidate are notified of 
the personnel of the examining committee at least one week prior to the 
period set for oral examinations. The chairman of the committee selects 
the exact time and place for the examination and notifies the other mem- 
bers of the committee and the candidate. The examination should be con- 
ducted within the dates specified and a report of the committee sent to 
the Dean as soon as possible after the examination. A special form for 
this purpose is supplied to the chairman of the committee. Such a report 
is the basis upon which recommendation is made to the faculty that the 
candidate be granted the degree sought. The period for the oral examina- 
tion is usually about one hour, but the time should be long enough to 
insure an adequate examination. 

The examining committee also approves the thesis, and it is the candi- 
date's obligation to see that each member of the committee has ample 
opportunity to examine a copy of the thesis prior to the date of the 
examination. 



12 GENERAL REGULATIONS 

A student will not be admitted to final examination until all other re- 
quirements for the degree have been met. In addition to the oral examina- 
tion a comprehensive written examination may be required at the option 
of the major department. 

REQUIREMENTS FOR THE DEGREE OF MASTER OF EDUCATION 

Course Requirements. Thirty hours of course work are required, which 
may include courses in departments other than Education not to exceed 
one-half of the total thirty hours, such courses to be selected in conformity 
with the student's special needs as agreed upon by the student and his 
adviser. Of the thirty hours, not less than one-half must be on the 200 level. 

At least four of the thirty hours must be seminar work, which shall 
include one or more seminar papers in the student's major field of con- 
centration in the Department of Education. 

Included in the program must be courses in educational statistics and 
in procedure of educational research. 

A maximum of six hours of graduate credit may be earned in a summer 
session and not more than six hours may be transferred from another 
institution. 

The requirements in regard to advancement to candidacy, transfer of 
credits, and final oral examination are the same as for the degrees of 
Master of Arts and Master of Science. 

REQUIREMENTS FOR THE DEGREE OF DOCTOR OF PHILOSOPHY 

Advancement to Candidacy. Candidates for the Doctor's degree must be 
admitted to candidacy not later than one academic year prior to the grant- 
ing of the degree. Applications for admission to candidacy for the Doctor's 
degree are filled out by the student and submitted to his major department 
for further action and transmission to the Dean of the Graduate School, 
not later than the first Wednesday in October of the academic year in 
which the degree is sought. 

The applicant must have obtained from the head of the Modern Language 
Department a statement that he possesses a reading knowledge of French 
and German. Preliminary examinations or such other substantial tests as 
the departments may elect are also required for admission to candidacy. 

Residence. Three years of full-time resident graduate study are required. 
The first two of the three years may be spent in other institutions offering 
standard graduate work. On a part-time basis the time needed will be 
correspondingly increased. All work at other institutions offered 
in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the Ph.D. degree is 
approved by the Graduate Council, upon recommendation of the depart- 
ment concerned, when the student is admitted to candidacy for the degree. 

The Doctor's degree is not given merely as a certificate of residence 
and work, but is granted only upon sufficient evidence of high attainments 
in scholarship, and ability to carry on independent research in the special 
field in which the major work is done. 



GENERAL REGULATIONS 13 

Major and Minor Subjects. The candidate must select a major and one 
or two closely related minor subjects. The minor work required varies 
from twenty-four to thirty hours at the discretion of the department con- 
cerned. The remainder of the required residence is devoted to intensive 
study and research in the major field. The amount of required course 
work in the major subject will vary with the department and the individual 
candidate. The candidate must register for a minimum of twelve semester 
hours of research. 

Thesis. The ability to do independent research must be shown by a dis- 
sertation on some topic connected with the major subject. An original 
typewritten copy and two clear, plain carbon copies of the thesis, together 
with an abstract of the contents, 250 to 500 words in length, must be 
deposited in the office of the Dean at least three weeks before commence- 
ment. It is the responsibility of the student also to provide copies of the 
thesis for the use of the members of the examining committee prior to 
the date of the final examination. 

The original copy should not be bound by the student, as the university 
later binds uniformly all theses for the general university library. The 
carbon copies are bound by the student in cardboard covers which may be 
obtained at the students' supply store; one is later sent to the university 
library and one to the Library of Congress. The abstracts are published 
by the university in a special bulletin. 

A manual giving full directions for the physical make-up of the thesis 
is in the hands of each professor who directs thesis work, and should be 
consulted by the student before typing of the thesis is begun. Students 
may obtain copies of this manual at the Dean's office, at nominal cost. 

Final Examination. The final oral examination is held before a com- 
mittee appointed by the Dean. One member of this committee is a repre- 
sentative of the graduate faculty who is not directly concerned with the 
student's graduate work. One or more members of the committee may 
be persons from other institutions who are distinguished scholars in the 
student's major field. 

The duration of the examination is approximately three hours, and 
covers the research work of the candidate as embodied in his thesis, and 
his attainments in the fields of his major and minor subjects. The other 
detailed procedures are the same as those stated for the Master's 
examination. 

RULES GOVERNING LANGUAGE EXAMINATIONS FOR 
CANDIDATES FOR THE DEGREE OF DOCTOR OF PHILOSOPHY 

1. A candidate for the Doctor's degree must show in a written exami- 
nation that he possesses a reading knowledge of French and German. The 
passages to be translated will be taken from books and articles in his 
specialized field. Some 300 pages of text from which the applicant wishes 
to have his examination chosen should be submitted to the head of the 
Department of Modern Languages at least three days before the examina- 
tion. The examination aims to test ability to use the foreign language for 



14 GENERAL REGULATIONS 

lesearch purposes. It is presumed that the candidate will know sufficient 
grammar to distinguish inflectional forms and that he will be able to 
translate readily in two hours about 500 words of text, with the aid of 
a dictionary. 

2. Application for admission to these tests must be filed in the office 
of the Department of Modern Languages at least three days in advance of 
the tests. 

3. No penalty is attached to failure in the examination, and the unsuc- 
cessful candidate is free to try again at the next date set for these tests. 

4. Examinations are held near the office of the Department of Modern 
Languages, on the last Wednesday in September and the first Wednesdays 
in February and June, at 2 p. m. 

GRADUATE FEES 

The fees paid by graduate students are as follows: 

All Students: 

A matriculation fee of $10.00. This is paid once only, upon admission 
to the Graduate School. 

A diploma fee (Master's degree), $10.00. 

A graduate fee, including hood (Doctor's degree), $20.00. 

College Park: 

A fixed charge, each semester, of $6.00 per semester credit hour for 
students carrying eight hours or less; for students carrying more than 
eight hours, $50.00 for the semester. 

Laboratory fees range from $2.00 to $8.00 per course per semester. 

Baltimore: 

School of Medicine: A fixed charge, each semester, of $8.00 per semester 
credit hour. Laboratory fees range from $10.00 to $20.00 per course. 

School of Pharmacy: A fixed charge, each semester, of $6.00 per 
semester credit hour. This fee is required of all graduate students except 
assistants, who will pay only a laboratory fee of $3.00 per semester 
credit hour. 

Summer Sessions, College Park: 

Students in the Summer Session pay the regular matriculation and 
diploma fees. The hour credit fee is as follows: 
A full load of six semester hours, $25.00. 
A load of less than six semester hours, $6.00 per semester credit hour. 

Living Expenses: 

Board and lodging are available in many private homes in College Park 
and vicinity. The cost of board and room ranges from about $35.00 to 
$45.00 a month, depending on the desires of the individual. A list of 
accommodations is maintained in the offices of the Dean of Women and of 
the Dean of Men. 



GENERAL REGULATIONS 15 

FELLOWSHIP AND ASSISTANTSHIPS 

Fellowships. A number of fellowships have been established by the 
University. The stipend for the University fellows is $400 to $500 for the 
academic year and the remission of all graduate fees except the diploma 
fee. Several industrial fellowships, with varying stipends, are also avail- 
able in certain departments. 

Fellows are required to render minor services prescribed by their major 
departments. The usual amount of service required does not exceed twelve 
clock hours per week. Fellows are permitted to carry a full graduate pro- 
gram, and they may satisfy the residence requirement for higher degrees 
in the normal time. 

Scholarships. A limited number of scholarships are available, carrying 
a stipend of from $150 to $200, without remission of fees. Scholarships 
are awarded on the basis of ability and of financial need. Scholars carry 
full time work and only minor services are required by the departments. 
Applications for fellowships and scholarships are made on blanks which 
may be obtained from the office of the Graduate School. The application, 
with the necessary credentials, is sent by the applicant directly to the 
Dean of the Graduate School. Applications which are approved by the 
Dean are forwarded to the departments, where final selection of the 
fellows and scholars is made. The awards of University fellowships and 
scholarships are on a competitive basis. 

Graduate Assistantships. A number of teaching and research graduate 
assistantships are available in several departments. The compensation for 
these assistantships is $600 to $1000 a year and the remission of all gradu- 
ate fees except the diploma fee. Graduate assistants are appointed for 
one year and are eligible to reappointment. The assistant in this class 
devotes one half of his time to instruction or to research in connection 
with Experiment Station projects, and he is required to spend two years 
in residence for the Master's degree. If he continues in residence for the 
Doctor's degree, he is allowed two-thirds residence credit for each academic 
year at this University. The minimum residence requirement from the 
Bachelor's degree, therefore, may be satisfied in four academic years and 
one summer, or three academic years and three summer sessions of 
eleven or twelve weeks each. 

Applications for graduate assistantships are made directly to the 
departments concerned, and appointments are made through the regular 
channels for staff appointments. Further information regarding these 
assistantships may be obtained from the department or college concerned. 

COMMENCEMENT 

Attendance is required at the commencement at which the degree is 
conferred, unless the candidate is excused by the Dean of the Faculty. 

Application for diploma must be filed in the office of the Registrar 
before April 1 of the year in which the candidate expects to obtain a 
degree. 

Academic costume is required of all candidates at commencement. Those 
who so desire may purchase or rent caps and gowns at the Students' 
Supply Store. Order must be filed before April 1, but may be cancelled 
later if the student finds himself unable to complete his work for the degree. 



16 



DESCRIPTION OF COURSES 

For the convenience of students in making out schedules of studies, 
the subjects in the following Description of Courses are arranged alpha- 
betically: 

Page 

Agricultural Economics 17 

Agricultural Education and Rural Life 19 

Agronomy (Crops and Soils) 21 

Anatomy 110 

Animal Husbandry 22 

Bacteriology 23, 111, 115 

Biochemistry Ill 

Botany 26, 115 

Business Administration 29 

Chemistry 38 

Chemical Engineering 59 

Civil Engineering 61 

Classical Languages 44 

Comparative Literature 44 

Dairy Husbandry 46 

Economics 49 

Education 52 

English Language and Literature 65 

Entomology 71 

French 86 

German 87 

History 73 

Home Economics 77 

Horticulture 80 

Mathematics 82 

Mechanical Engineering 63 

Modern Languages 86 

Pharmaceutical Chemistry 116 

Pharmacology 112, 117 

Pharmacy 118 

Philosophy 90 

Physics 91 

Physiology 113 

Political Science 94 

Poultry Husbandry 98 

Psychology 100 

Sociology 103 

Spanish 89 

Zoology 107 



For convenience in identification, Courses for Graduates and Advanced 
Undergraduates are numbered 100 to 199; Courses for Graduates are 
numbered 200 and upward. 

The letter following the number of the course indicates the semester 
in which the course is offered: Thus, 100 f is offered the first semester; 
101 s, the second semester; 102 y, the year. 

The number of semester hours' credit is shown by the arabic numeral in 
parentheses after the title of the course. In courses which continue 
through the year, the number shown is the total for both semesters. 

A separate schedule of courses is issued each semester, giving the hours, 
places of meeting, and other information requh'ed by the student in making 
out his schedule. Students will obtain these schedules when they register. 



AGRICULTURAL ECONOMICS AND FARM MANAGEMENT 17 

AGRICULTURAL ECONOMICS AND FARM MANAGEMENT 

Courses for Graduates and Advanced Undergraduates 

A. E. 100 f. Farm Economics (3) — Three lectures. Prerequisite, Econ. 
51 y or Econ. 57. 

A general course in agricultural economics, with special reference to 
population trend, cultural wealth, land tenure, farm labor, agricultural 
credit, the tariff, price movements, and marketing. DeVault. 

A. E. 102 s. Marketing of Farm Products (3) — Three lectures. Pre- 
requisite, Econ. 51 y or Econ. 57. 

A complete analysis of the present system of transporting, storing, and 
distributing farm products, and a basis for intelligent direction of effort 
in increasing the efficiency of marketing methods. DeVault. 

A. E. 103 f. Cooperation in Agriculture (3) — Three lectures. 

Historical and comparative development of farmers' cooperative organi- 
zations with some reference to farmer movements; reasons for failure, 
and essentials to success; commodity developments; the Federal Farm 
Board; banks for cooperatives; present trends. Poffenberger. 

A. E. 104 s. Farm Finance (3) — Three lectures. 

Agricultural credit requirements; development and volume of business 
of institutions financing agriculture; financing specific farm organizations 
and industries. Farm insurance — fire, crop, livestock and life insurance, 
with especial reference to mutual developments; how provided, benefits, 
and needed extension. Poffenberger. 

A. E. 105 s. Food Products Inspection (2) — One lecture; one laboratory. 

This course, arranged by the Department of Agricultural Economics in 
cooperation with the State Department of Markets and the United States 
Department of Agriculture, is designed to give the students primary 
instruction in the grading, standardizing and inspection of fruits and 
vegetables, dairy products, poultry products, meats, and other food prod- 
ucts. Theoretical instruction covering the fundamental principles will be 
given in the form of lectures, while the demonstrational and practical 
work will be conducted through laboratories and field trips to Washington, 
D. C, and Baltimore. Staff. 

A. E. 106 s. Prices of Farm Products (3) — Two lectures; one laboratory. 

A general course in prices, price relationships, and price analysis, with 

emphasis on prices of agricultural products. Poffenberger. 

A. E. 107 s. Analysis of the Farm Business (3) — One lecture; two 
laboratories. 

A concise, practical course in the keeping, summarizing, and analyzing 
of farm accounts. Hamilton. 



18 AGRICULTURAL ECONOMICS AND FARM MANAGEMENT 

A. E. 108 f. Farm Management (3) — Three lectures. 

A study of the organization and operation of Maryland farms from the 
standpoint of efficiency and profits. Students will be expected to make an 
analysis of the actual farm business and practices of different types of 
farms located in various parts of the state, and to make specific recom- 
mendations as to how these farms may be organized and operated as 
successful businesses. Hamilton. 

A. E. 109 f, 110 s. Research Problems (1-2, 1-2). 

With the permission of the instructor, students will work on any research 
problems in agricultural economics which they may choose, or a special list 
of subjects will be made up from which the students may select their 
research problems. There will be occasional class meetings for the purpose 
of making reports on progress of work, methods of approach, etc. DeVault. 

A. E. Ill f. Land Economics (3) — Three lectures. 

Concepts of land economy are discussed, as well as conditions and tend- 
encies influencing land requirements in relation to land resources. A study 
of major land problems and land policies including: erosion and its control; 
farm tenancy; tax delinquency and tax reverted lands; land use planning 
and production control; public policies for facilitating land use adjust- 
ments; and directional measures for discouraging undesirable land uses. 

Coddington. 

Courses for Graduates 

A. E. 200 f, 201 s. 'Special Problems in Farm Economics (2, 2). 

An advanced course dealing more extensively with some of the economic 
problems affecting the farmer, such as land problems, agricultural finance, 
farm wealth, agricultural prices, transportation, and special problems in 
marketing and cooperation. DeVault. 

A. E. 202 y. Seminar (2). 

This course will consist of special reports by students on current 

economic subjects, and a discussion and criticism of the same by the 

members of the class and the instructor. DeVault. 

A. E. 203. Research. 

Students will be assigned research work in agricultural economics under 
the supervision of the instructor. The work will consist of original investi- 
gation in problems of agricultural economics, and the results will be 
presented in the form of a thesis. DeVault. 

A. E. 210 s. Taxation in Relation to Agriculture (2) — Two lectures. 

Principles and practices of taxation in their relation to agriculture, with 
special reference to the trends of tax levies, taxation in relation to land 
utilization, taxation in relation to ability to pay and benefits received; a 
comparison of the following taxes as they affect agriculture: general 
property tax, income tax, sales tax, gasoline and motor vehicle license 



AGRICULTURAL EDUCATION AND RURAL LIFE 19 

taxes, inheritance tax, and special commodity taxes; possibilities of farm 
tax reduction through greater efficiency and economies in local 
government. Walker and DeVault. 

A. E. 211 f. Agricultural Taxation in Theory and Practice (3) — Two 

lectures; one laboratory. 

Ideals in taxation; economic effects of taxation upon the welfare of 
society; theory of taxation; the general property tax, business and license 
taxes, the income tax, the sales tax, special commodity taxes, inheritance 
and estate taxes; recent shifts in taxing methods and recent tax reforms; 
conflicts and duplication in taxation among governmental units; practical 
and current problems in taxation. Walker and DeVault. 

A. E. 212 f, 213 s. Land Utilization and Agricultural Production (3, 2) — 

Two double lecture periods a week. 

A presentation, by regions, of the basic physical conditions of the 
economic and social forces that have influenced agricultural settlement, 
and of the resultant utilization of the land and production of farm prod- 
ucts; followed by a consideration of the regional trends and interregional 
shifts in land utilization and agricultural production, and the outlook for 
further changes in each region. Baker. 

A. E. 214 s. Consumption of Farm Products and Standards of Living 
(3) — Two double lecture periods a week. 

A presentation of the trends in population and migration for the nation 
and by states, of the trends in exports of farm products and their regional 
significance, of the trends in diet and in per capita consumption of non- 
food products; followed by a consideration of the factors that appear likely 
to influence these trends in the future, and of the outlook for commercial 
as contrasted with a more self-sufficing agriculture. Baker. 

A. E. 215 s. Advanced Agricultural Cooperation (2) — Two lectures. 

An appraisal of agricultural cooperation as a means of improving the 
financial status of farmers. More specifically, the course includes a critical 
analysis and appraisal of specific types and classes of cooperatives. 

Poffenberger. 

AGRICULTURAL EDUCATION AND RURAL LIFE 

Courses for Graduates and Advanced Undergraduates 

R. Ed. 107 s. Observation and Analysis of Teaching for Agricultural 
Students (3) — Two lectures; one laboratory. Prerequisite, Psych. 10 f. 
This course deals with analysis of pupil learning in class groups. 

Cotterman. 

R. Ed. 109 f. Teaching Secondary Vocational Agriculture (3) — Three 
lectures. Prerequisites, R. Ed. 107 s; A. H. 2; D. H. 1; Poultry 1; Soils 1; 
Agron. 1, 2; Hort. 1, 2; Agr. Engr. 101, 102; A. E. 100, 102, 108 f. 



20 AGRICULTURAL EDUCATION AND RURAL LIFE 

A comprehensive course in the work of high school departments of voca- 
tional agriculture. It emphasizes particularly placement, supervised 
farming programs, the organization and administration of Future Farmer 
work, and objectives and methods in all-day, continuation, and adult 
instruction. Cotterman. 

R. Ed. 110 s. Rural Life and Education (3) — Three lectures. 

An intensive study of the educational agencies at work in rural com- 
munities, stressing particularly analysis of school patronage areas, the 
possibilities of normal life in rural areas, early beginnings in rural educa- 
tion, and the conditioning effects of economic differences. The course is 
designed especially for persons who expect to be called upon to assist in 
shaping educational and other community programs for rural people. 

Cotterman. 

R. Ed. 112 s. Departmental Organization and Administration (1) — One 

lecture. Prerequisite, R. Ed. 107 s, 109 f. 

The work of this course is based upon the construction and analysis of 
administrative programs for high school departments of vocational agri- 
culture. As a project, each student prepares and analyzes in detail an 
administrative program for a specific school. Investigations and reports. 

Cotterman. 

R. Ed. 114 s. Teaching Farm Mechanics in Secondary Schools (1) — One 

lecture. 

Objectives in the teaching of farm shop; contemporary developments; 
determination of projects; shop management; shop programs; methods of 
teaching; equipment; materials of instruction; special projects. Carpenter. 

Courses for Graduates 

R. Ed. 201 f, 202 s. Rural Life and Education (3, 3)— Prerequisite, R. 
Ed. 104 s, or equivalent. 

A sociological approach to rural education as a movement for a good life 
in rural communities. It embraces a study of the organization, administra- 
tion and supervision of the several agencies of public education as com- 
ponent parts of this movement and as forms of social economy and human 
development. Discussions, assigned readings and major term papers in 
the field of the student's special interest. Cotterman. 

R. Ed. 207 f, 208 s. Problems in Vocational Agriculture, Related Science, 
and Shop (1-2, each semester). 

In this course special emphasis is placed upon the current problems 
facing teachers of vocational agriculture. It is designed especially for 
persons who have had several years of teaching experience in this field. 
The three phases of the vocational teacher's program — all day, part-time, 
and adult work — receive attention. Discussions, surveys, investigations 
and reports. Cotterman. 



AGRONOMY 21 

R. Ed. 250 y. Seminar in Rural Education (2-4). 

Problems in the organization, administration and supervision of the 
several agencies of rural education. Investigation, papers and reports. 

Cotterman. 

R. Ed. 251. Research — Credit hours according to work done. Students 
must be specially qualified by previous work to pursue with pi'ofit the 
research to be undertaken. Cotterman. 

AGRONOMY 

A. Crops 

Courses for Graduates and Advanced Undergraduates 

Agron. 103 f. Crop Breeding (2) — One lecture; one laboratory. Pre- 
requisite, Zool. 104 f . 

The principles of breeding as applied to field crops and methods used in 
crop improvement. Kemp. 

Agron. 121 s. Methods of Crop and Soil Investigation (2) — One lecture; 
one laboratory. 

Historical development, trends, and standardization of crop and soil 
investigational methods at the various experiment stations in the United 
States and abroad. 

Courses for Graduates 

Agron. 201 y. Crop Breeding (4-10) — Credits determined by work 
accomplished. 

The content of this course is similar to that of Agron. 103 f , but will be 
adapted more to graduate students, and more of a range will be allowed 
in choice of materials to suit special cases. Kemp. 

Agron. 203 y. Seminar (2) — One report period each week. 
The seminar is devoted largely to reports by students on current scien- 
tific publications dealing with problems in crops and soils. 

Agron. 209. Research — Credits determined by work accomplished. 

With the approval of the head of the department the student will be 
allowed to work on any problem in agronomy, or he will be given a list of 
suggested problems from which he may make a selection. Staff. 

B. Soils 

Courses for Graduates and Advanced Undergraduates 

Soils 103 f. Soil Geography (3) — Two lectures; one discussion period. 

Genealogy and classification of soils, the principal soil regions of North 
America, the nature of the developmental processes in soils, and char- 
acteristics of the different soils in Maryland. Field trips will be made to 
emphasize certain important phases of the subject. 



22 ANIMAL HUSBANDRY 

Soils 112 s. Soil Conservation (3) — Three lectures. 

A study of the factors relating to soil preservation, including the influ- 
ence of cropping and soil management practices, fertilizer treatments, 
constructive and destructive agencies of man and nature on conservation, 
history of research work in soil erosion, and field trips to soil demonstra- 
tion areas. Thomas. 

Courses for Graduates 

Soils 201. Special Problems and Research (10-12). 

Original investigation of problems in soils and fertilizers. Staff. 

Soils 202 y. Soil Technology (5 f, 2 s) — Two lectures, two laboratories, 
first semester. Two lectures, one laboratory, second semester. Prereq- 
uisites, Geology 1, Soils 1, and Chemistry 1. 

In the first semester, chemical and physico-chemical study of soil prob- 
lems as encountered in field, greenhouse, and laboratory. In the second 
semester, physical and plant nutritional problems related to the soil. 

Thomas. 

Soils 204 s. Soil Microbiology (3) — Two lectures; one laboratory. Pre- 
requisite, Bact. 1. 

The microorganisms of the soil in relation to fertility, including the 
study of the bacteria of the soil concerned in the decomposition of organic 
matter, nitrogen fixation, nitrification, and sulphur oxidation and reduc- 
tion, and also such organisms as fungi, algae, and protozoa. A critical 
study of the methods used by experiment stations in soil microbiological 
investigational work. Bodily. 

ANIMAL HUSBANDRY 

Courses for Graduates and Advanced Undergraduates 

A. H. 112 f. Livestock Markets and Marketing (2) — Two lectures. 
Prerequisite, A. H. 2 f . 

History and development of livestock markets and systems of marketing. 
Trends of livestock marketing; effect of changes in transportation and 
refrigeration facilities; the merchandising of meat products. Leinbach. 

A. H. 114 f. Animal Nutrition (3) — Three lectures. Prerequisites, 
Chem. 12 Ay and A. H. 102 f. 

Processes of digestion, absorption, and metabolism of nutrients; nutri- 
tional balances; nature of nutritional requirements for growth, produc- 
tion, and reproduction. Meade. 

A. H. 116 f. Light Horse Production (1) — One lecture. 

A study of the light horse breeds with emphasis on the types and use- 
fulness of each. A full discussion of principles of selection and breeding 
of light horses is included in this course. Finney, B'rueckner, Outhouse. 

A. H. 117 s. Advanced Light Horse Production (1) — One lecture. Pre- 
requisite, A. H. 116 f. 



BACTERIOLOGY 23 

This course is a continuation of A. H. 116 f. Included is a study of the 
organization of the light horse farm, proper methods of feeding and 
training; control of disease; treatment and care of injuries; sale of 
surplus stock. Brueckner, Finney, Outhouse. 

Courses for Graduates 

A. H. 201 f or s. Special Problems in Animal Husbandry (2-3) — Credit 
given in proportion to amount of work completed. 

Problems which relate specifically to the character of work the student 
is pursuing will be assigned. Staff. 

A. H. 202 f or s. Seminar (1). 

Students are required to prepare papers based upon current scientific 
publications relating to animal husbandry or upon their research work 
for presentation before and discussion by the class. Staff. 

A. H. 203. Research — Credit to be determined by the amount and char- 
acter of work done. 

With the approval of the head of the department, students will be 
required to pursue original research in some phase of animal husbandry, 
carry the same to completion, and report the results in the form of a 
thesis. Meade and Staff. 

A. H. 204 s. Advanced Breeding (2) — Two lectures. Prerequisites, 
Zool. 104 f and A. H. 103 s. 

This course deals with the more technical phases of heredity, variation 
recombination, and mutation; selection and selection indices; breeding 
systems; specific inheritance in farm animals; biometry as applied to 
animal breeding. Meade. 

A. H. 206 f, 207 s. Advanced Livestock Management (3, 3) — Two 

lectures, one laboratory. 

An intensive study of the newer developments in animal breeding, 
animal physiology, animal nutrition, endocrinology and other closely 
allied fields as they apply to the management and commercial production 
of livestock. Leinbach. 

BACTERIOLOGY 
A. Bacteriology 

Courses for Graduates and Advanced Undergraduates* 

Bact. 101 f. Milk Bacteriology (4) — Two lectures; two laboratories. 
Prerequisite, Bact. 1. Registration limited. 



* One or more of the scheduled courses may also be given during the evening if a sufficient 
number of students register. A special fee is charged. For further information address the 
Department of Bacteriology. 



24 BACTERIOLOGY 

The sources and development of bacteria in milk; milk fermentation; 
sanitary production; care and sterilization of equipment; care and preser- 
vation of milk and cream; pasteurization; public health requirements. 
Standard methods of milk analysis; the bacteriological control of milk 
supplies and plant sanitation; occasional inspection trips. Black. 

Bact. 102 s. Dairy Products Bacteriology (3) — One lecture; two labora- 
tories. Prerequisite, Bact. 1; Bact. 101 f desirable. 

Relation of bacteria, yeasts and molds to cream, concentrated milks, 
fermented milks, starters, butter, ice cream, cheese, and other dairy prod- 
ucts; sources of contamination. Microbiological analysis and control; 
occasional inspection trips. Black. 

Bact. Ill f. Food Bacteriology (3) — One lecture; two laboratories. 
Prerequisite, Bact. 1. Registration limited. 

Bacteria, yeasts and molds in foods; relation to preservation and spoil- 
age; food infections and intoxication; microbiological examination of 
normal and spoiled foods; factors affecting preservation. James. 

Bact. 112 s. Sanitary Bacteriology (3) — One lecture; two laboratories. 
Prerequisite, Bact. 1. Registration limited. 

Bacteriological and public health aspects of water supplies and water 
purification; swimming pool sanitation, sewage disposal; disposal of gar- 
bage and refuse; municipal sanitation. Standard methods for examination 
of water, sewage and for other sanitary analyses; differentiation and 
significance of the coli-aerogenes group. Black. 

Bact. 113 f and s. Advanced Methods (2) — One lecture; one laboratory. 
Prerequisite, 10 hours of bacteriology. Registration limited. 

Microscopy, dark field technique, photomicrography; colorimetric and 
potentiometric determinations; oxidation-reduction; electrophoresis; sur- 
face tension; gas analysis; special culture methods; filtration; staining 
techniques and preparation of dye solutions; advanced study in reagent 
preparation. Bodily. 

Bact. 115 f. Serology (4) — Two lectures, two laboratories. Prerequisite, 
Bact. 2 s. Registration limited. 

Infection and resistance; agglutination, precipitation, complement fixa- 
tion reactions; principles of immunity and hypersensitiveness. Preparation 
of necessary reagents; general immunologic technique; factors affecting 
reactions; applications in identification of bacteria and diagnosis of 
disease. Faber. 

Bact. 116 s. Epidemiology (2) — Two lectures. Prerequisite, Bact. 1 and 
credit in, or concurrent registration in Bact. 2 or 2 A. (Offered in 
1941-1942.) 

Epidemiology of important infectious diseases, including history, char- 
acteristic features, methods of transmission, immunization and control; 
periodicity; principles of investigation; public health applications. Faber. 



BACTERIOLOGY 25 

Bact. 117 s. Public Health (1) — One lecture. Prerequisites, Bact. 1 and 2. 
Alternates with Bact. 116 s. (Not offered in 1941-1942.) 

A series of weekly lectures on public health and its administration. 

James, in charge. 

Bact. 118 s. Systematic Bacteriology (2) — Two lectures. Prerequisite, 
10 hours of bacteriology. Offered alternate years. (Offered in 1941-1942.) 

History of bacterial classification; genetic relationships, international 
codes of nomenclature; bacterial variation as it affects classification. 

James. 

Bact. 125 f. Clinical Methods (2) — Two laboratories. Prerequisite, 
Bact. 2 or consent of instructor. 

Methods for microscopic examination of blood; bacteriological examina- 
tion of sputum, feces and spinal fluids, microscopic and routine chemical 
methods for examination of urine. Faber. 

Courses for Graduates 

Bact. 207 f, 208 s. Special Topics (1, 1). Prerequisite, 10 hours of 
bacteriology. 

Presentation and discussion of fundamental problems and special 

subjects. Black. 

Bact. 211 f. Bacterial Metabolism (2) — Two lectures. Prerequisites, 
Bact. 1, Chem. 12 y or equivalent. 

Growth, nutrition, physiological interrelationships; bacterial enzymes, 
respiration, fermentation, chemical activities of microorganisms; indus- 
trial fermentations. Black. 

Bact. 221. Research. Prerequisites, Bact. 1 and 2, and any other 
courses needed for the particular project. Credit will be determined by 
the amount and character of the work accomplished. 

Properly qualified students will be admitted upon approval of the de- 
partment head. The investigation is outlined in consultation with and 
pursued under supervision of a faculty member of the department. Staff. 

Bact. 231 f, 232 s. Seminar (2,2). Prerequisite, 10 hours of bacteriology. 

Discussions and reports prepared by the student on current research, 

selected subjects, and recent advances in bacteriology. James. 

B. Food Technology 

Courses for Graduates and Advanced Undergraduates 

F. Tech. 100 f. Food Microscopy (2) — Two laboratories. 

Microscopical analysis of foods following the methods used in the 
Federal Government and other agencies. Studies of the structural com- 
position of agricultural and manufactured foods. Use of microscopic tests 
in factory control and analyses. 



26 BOTANY 

F. Tech. 108 s. Preservation of Poultry Products (2) — Two laboratories. 
Prerequisite, Bact. 1. 

Studies of the microbiology of poultry, alive and during storage; micro- 
biology of shell eggs, fresh and during storage; microbiology of frozen 
and dried eggs. This is taught in cooperation with the Department of 
Poultry Husbandry. James, Gwin. 

F. Tech. 110 f. Regulatory Control (1) — One lecture and demonstration. 
Methods followed in the control of foods in interstate and intrastate com- 
merce. Consideration of laboratory basis of standards of control. James. 

F. Tech. 120 s. Food Sanitation (2) — Lecture, laboratory and field 
work. Prerequisites, Bact. 1 and Bact. Ill f, or equivalent. Enrollment 
limited, with preference given to students majoring in this field. 

Principles of sanitation in food manufacture and distribution; methods 
of control of sanitation in commercial canning, pickling, bottling, 
preserving, refrigeration, dehydration, etc. James. 

F. Tech. 130 y. Technology Conference (2) — One lecture. 
Reports and discussions of current developments in the field of food 
technology. James. 

BOTANY 

A. General Botany and Morphology 

Courses for Graduates and Advanced Undergraduates 

Bot. 101 f. Plant Anatomy (3) — One lecture; two laboratories. Pre- 
requisite, Bot. 1 f . 

The origin and development of the organs and tissue systems in the 
vascular plants, with special emphasis on the structures of roots, stems and 
leaves. Reports on current literature are required. Bamford. 

Bot. 104 f. Advanced Plant Taxonomy (3) — One lecture; two labora- 
tories. Prerequisite, Bot. 5 s. 

Principles and criteria of plant taxonomy. Reviews and criticisms of 
current taxonomic literature. Emphasis on the identification and recogni- 
tion of the Compositae and other species blooming in the fall. Each stu- 
dent works on a special problem during the laboratory time. Norton. 

Bot. 105 s. Economic Plants (2) — Two lectures. Prerequisite, Bot. 1 f 
and 5 s. 

The names, taxonomic position, native and commercial geographic dis- 
tribution, and use of the leading economic plants of the world are studied. 
A collection of plant products from markets, stores, factories, etc., is 
made by students to illustrate the useful plants both in the natural form 
and as used by man. Norton. 



BOTANY 27 

Bot. 106 f. History and Philosophy of Botany (1) — One lecture. 
Discussion of the development of ideas and knowledge about plants, 
also a survey of contemporary work in botanical science. Norton. 

Bot. 107 f or s. Plant Microtechnique (3) — Two laboratories. Pre- 
requisite, Bot. 1 f and 3 s, or equivalent. 

Principles and methods involved in the preparation of permanent micro- 
scope slides of plant materials. Practice with the most generally used 
techniques on a variety of tissues. An opportunity for the student to make 
a private collection of several hundred slides. Brown. 

Courses for Graduates 

Bot. 201 s. Cytology (4) — Two lectures; two laboratories. Prerequisites, 
Bot. 1 f , Zool. 104 f , Bot. 107 s, or equivalent. 

A detailed study of the cell during its metabolic and reproductive stages. 
The major portion is devoted to chromosomes in mitosis and meiosis, and 
the relation of these stages to current theories of heredity and evolution. 
The laboratory involves the preparation, examination and illustration of 
cytological material by current methods. Bamford. 

Bot. 202 s. Plant Morphology (2) — Two laboratories. Prerequisites, 
Bot. 1 f , Bot. 3 s, 5 s, and 101 f . 

A comparative study of the morphology of the flowering plants with 
special reference to their phylogeny and development. Bamford. 

Bot. 203 f and s. Seminar (1). 

The study of special topics in plant morphology, anatomy, and cytology. 

Bamford. 

Bot. 204. Research. Credit according to work done. Norton, Bamford. 

B. Plant Pathology 

Courses for Graduates and Advanced Undergraduates 

Pit. Path. 101 f, 102 s. Diseases of Special Crops (3-3)— Three lectures. 
Prerequisite Pit. Path. 1 f or equivalent. 

First semester, diseases of fruits and ornamentals; second semester 
diseases of garden and field crops. (With consent of department, student 
may register and receive credit for one semester only.) Intended for 
students of plant pathology, horticulture, agronomy, entomology, who 
wish to obtain more detailed information on diseases of special crops than 
is available in Pit. Path. 1 f . Lectures are given by different members of 
the staff who are specialists in the fields covered. 

Woods, Jehle, McClellan, Cox, Jeffers. 

Pit. Path. 106fors. Seminar (1). 

Conferences and reports on plant pathological literature and on recent 
investigations. Jehle, Woods. 



28 BOTANY 

Pit. Path. 108 f. Mycology (4) — Two lectures; two laboratories. Pre- 
requisite, Bot. 1 f. 

An introductory study of the morphology, life histories, classifications, 
and economics of the fungi. Norton, Woods. 

Courses for Graduates 

Pit. Path. 201s. Virus Diseases (2-3) — Two lectures; or two lectures 
and one laboratory. 

Consideration of the physical, chemical, and physiological aspects of 
plant viruses and plant virus diseases. The laboratory credit is earned by 
partially independent work. The instructor should be consulted before 
registering for laboratory credit. Woods. 

Pit. Path. 203 f. Non-parasitic Diseases (3) — Two lectures; one 
laboratory. (Not given in 1941-1942.) 

Effects of maladjustment of plants to their environment; injuries due 
to climate, soil, gases, dust, sprays, fertilizers, improper treatment, and 
other detrimental conditions. 

Pit. Path. 205. Research. Credit according to work done. Staff. 

Pit. Path. 206 f. Plant Disease Control (3)— Three lectures. 

An advanced course dealing with the theory and practices of plant 
disease control. A good general knowledge of elementary plant pathology 
is presupposed. Jeffers, Jehle, McClellan, Cox, Woods. 

Pit. Path. 209 f. Advanced Seminar (1) — One two-hour meeting bi- 
weekly. 

Attention is given to the advanced technical literature of phytopa- 
thology. Woods. 

C. Plant Physiology 

Courses for Graduates and Advanced Undergraduates 

Pit. Phys. 101 f. Plant Physiology (4) — Two lectures; two laboratories. 
Prerequisite, Bot. 1 f. 

A summary view of the general physiological activities of plants. The 
aim in this course is to stress principles rather than factual details. 

Brown. 

Pit. Phys. 102s. Plant Ecology (3) — Two lectures; one laboratory. 
Prerequisites, Bot. 1 f and 5 s. 

The study of plants in relation to their environments. Plant formations 
and successions in various parts of the country are briefly treated. Much 
of the work, especially the practical, must be carried on in the field, and 
for this purpose type regions adjacent to the University are selected. 

Brown. 



BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION 29 

Courses for Graduates 

Pit. Phys. 201s. Plant Biochemistry (4) — Two lectures; two labora- 
tories. Prerequisite, an elementary knowledge of plant physiology and 
organic chemistry. (Not given in 1941-1942.) 

An advanced course in plant physiology in which the chemical aspects 
are specially emphasized. It deals with the important substances in the 
composition of the plant body and with the important processes in plant 
life, Appleman, Shirk. 

Pit. Phys. 202 A f. Plant Biophysics (2) — Two lectures. Prerequisites, 
Bot. 1 f, Pit. Phys. 101 f, or equivalent. Students electing this course 
should elect Pit. Phys. 202 B f . 

An advanced course dealing with the operation of physical forces in 
plant life processes. Appleman, Shirk. 

Pit. Phys. 202 B f. Biophysical Methods (2). Shirk. 

Pit. Phys. 203 s. Plant Microchemistry (2) — One lecture; one laboratory. 
Prerequisite, Bot. 1 f, Chem. 1 y, or equivalent. 

The isolation, identification, and localization of organic and inorganic 
substances found in plant tissues by micro-technical methods. The use of 
these methods in the study of metabolism in plants is emphasized. Brown. 

Pit. Phys. 204 f. Growth and Development (2). Prerequisite, 12 hours 
plant science. (Not given in 1941-1942.) Appleman. 

Pit. Phys. 205 f or s. Mineral Nutrition Seminar (1). 

Students are required to prepare reports of papers in the current 
literature. These are discussed in connection with the recent advances in 
the subject. Appleman. 

Pit. Phys. 206. Research — Credit according to work done. 
Students must be specially qualified by previous work to pursue with 
profit the research to be undertaken. Staff. 



BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION 

(See also related courses in Economics and in Agricultural Economics.) 

A. Accounting 

Courses for Graduates and Advanced Undergraduates 

Acct. 101 f. Advanced Accounting I (3) — Three lectures. Prerequisite, 
Acct. 51 y. 

Advanced theory and problems in connection with the following: work- 
ing papers, statements; corporations; actuarial science; cash; accounts 
receivable; notes and acceptances; inventories, consignments; install- 
ment sales. 



30 BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION 

Acct. 102 s. Advanced Accounting II (3) — Three lectures. Prerequisite, 
Acct. 101 f. 

Advanced theory and problems in connection with the following: tangible 
fixed assets; intangible assets; investments; liabilities; funds and 
reserves; correction of statements and books; comparative statements; 
the analysis of working capital; miscellaneous ratios; profit and loss 
analysis; and statement of application of funds. Cissel. 

Acct. 121 f. Cost Accounting (2) — Two lectures. Prerequisite, Acct. 51 y. 

The need and value of cost accounting; cost systems and cost classifi- 
cations; classification of accounts; subsidiary ledgers and cost records; 
outline of specific order cost accounting; accounting for material, 
material storage and consumption; valuation of materials; special features 
of accounting for labor cost; accounting for manufacturing expense; dis- 
tribution of service department costs; distribution of manufacturing 
expense to production; control of distribution costs; monthly closing 
entries. Theory, problems, and practice set. Cissel. 

Acct. 122 s. Advanced Cost Accounting (2) — Two lectures. Prerequisite, 
Acct. 121 f. 

Preparation of analytical statements; comparative statements; process 
cost accounting; standard costs; analysis of variances; accounting for 
standard costs; estimating cost systems; arguments for and against in- 
cluding interest on investments; graphic charts; uniform methods. A 
discussion of advanced theory and problems. Cissel. 

Acct. 161 f. Income Tax Procedure (3) — Three lectures. Prerequisite, 
Acct. 102 s. 

Income tax in theory and practice. Selected cases and problems 
illustrating the definition of taxable income of individuals, corporations, 
and estates. Wedeberg. 

Acct. 171 f. Auditing Theory (2) — Two lectures. Prerequisite, Acct. 
102 s. 

Principles of auditing, including a study of different kinds of audits, the 
preparation of reports, and illustrative cases or problems. Cissel. 

Acct. 172 s. Practical Auditing (2) — Two lectures. Prerequisite, Acct. 
171 f. 

A practical application of auditing theory. Cissel. 

Acct. 181 f. Specialized Accounting (3) — Three lectures. Prerequisite, 
Acct. 102 s. 

Accounting for partnerships, ventures, insurance, receiverships, branches, 
consolidations, mergers, foreign exchange, estates and trusts, budgets, and 
public accounts. Wedeberg. 



BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION 31 

Acct. 182 s. Specialized Accounting (3) — Three lectures Prerequisite, 
Acct. 181 f. 

A study of the accounting methods and problems of the following types 
of business: savings banks, commercial banks, national banks, building 
and loan associations, stock brokerage, consignments, department stores, 
real estate, extractive industries, hotels, government, electric utilities, and 
others. Wedeberg. 

Acct. 186 s. C. P. A. Problems (3) — Three lectures. Prerequisite, consent 
of instructor. 

This course is arranged to coordinate all previous work in accounting 
with special emphasis on the solution of practical C. P. A. problems and the 
discussion of C. P. A. theory. Wedeberg. 

Courses for Graduates 

Acct. 228 f, 229 s. Accounting Systems (3, 3). Prerequisites, Acct. 181 
and 182, or concurrent registration therein. 

A discussion of the more difficult problems in connection with the indus- 
tries covered in Acct. 181 and 182. Also includes the statement of affairs; 
realization and liquidation account; parent and subsidiary accounting, and 
financing. Wedeberg. 

Acct. 298 f, 299 s. Special Problems in Accounting (3, 3). Prerequisite, 
preliminary courses in the field of specialization, and permission of the 
instructor. Wedeberg. 

B. Finance 

Courses for Graduates and Advanced Undergraduates 

Finance 105 f. Consumer Financing (3). Prerequisite, Econ. 51 y or 57. 
The economics of installment selling; methods of financing the con- 
sumer; operations of the personal finance company. Gruchy. 

Finance 106 f. Public Finance (3). Prerequisite, Econ. 51 y or 57. 

The nature of public expenditures; sources of revenue; taxation; 
budgeting. Special emphasis on the practical, social, and economic 
problems involved. Gruchy. 

Finance 111 f. Corporation Finance (3). Prerequisite, Econ. 51 y. 

The organization and financing of a business enterprise; types of 
securities and their utilization in apportioning income, risk, and control; 
problems of capitalization, refunding, reorganization, and expansion; 
procurement of capital; public regulation of the sale of securities. 

Stevens. 

Finance 115 f. Investments (3). Prerequisite, Finance 111 f. 

Sources of information for the investor. Classes of investments: 
government bonds, municipals, real estate mortgages, public utilities, rail- 
roads, industrial securities; movement of security prices; analysis of 



32 BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION 

financial statements. Adapting the investment policy to the purpose and 
needs of the investor. Mullin. 

Finance 116 s. Investment Banking (3). (Not offered in 1941-1942.) 
A study of the functions and operations of investment banking institu- 
tions and their relation to the market for long-term credit, with emphasis 
on the trends and problems of investment banking. Gruchy. 

Finance 118 f. Stock and Commodity Exchanges (3). (Not offered in 
1941-1942.) 

An analysis of the operations of the various exchanges. Brokerage 
houses and methods of trading; regulation of the exchanges. Gruchy. 

Finance 121 s. Advanced Banking Principles and Practices (3). 

The incorporation, organization, and operation of banks; functions of 
departments and problems of customer relations; bank legislation and 
governmental regulation. Gruchy. 

Finance 125 f. Credits and Collections (3). 

Nature and function of credit and use of credit instruments; principles 
of credit investigation and analysis; the work of the credit manager. 

Bennett. 

Finance 129 s. International Finance (3). 

Foreign exchange theory and practice; international aspects of monetary 
and banking problems; international money markets; the gold problem 
and The Bank for International Settlements. Gay. 

Finance 143 f. Property, Casualty and Liability Insurance (2). Pre- 
requisite, Econ. 51 y. 

A survey of fire, ocean marine and inland marine insurance, liability 
risks and casualty coverages, surety and fidelity bonds, and miscellaneous 
insurance coverages. Analysis of the insurance contract, kinds of carriers, 
application of insurance law. Economics and social implications are 
stressed. Fisher. 

Finance 144 f. Life, Group and Social Insurance (2). Prerequisite, 
Econ. 51 y. 

Principles of life insurance, including kinds of policies, net and gross 
premiums, functions of the reserve, life insurance investments, state 
regulation, industrial insurance, group insurance and annuity contracts. 
Development and present status of social insurance in the United States. 
The economic significance of personal insurance to the individual and to 
the state. Fisher. 

Finance 151 s. Real Estate (3). Prerequisite, Econ. 51 y. 
The principles and practices involved in owning, operating, merchan- 
dising, leasing, and appraising real estate and real estate investments. 

Bennett. 



BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION 33 

Finance 199 s. Financial Analysis and Control (3). Prerequisite, 
Finance 111 f. 

Internal administration of a business from the viewpoint of the chief 
executive. Departmentalization and functionalization; anticipation and 
budgetary control of sales, purchases, production, inventory, expenses, 
and assets. The coordination of financial administration. Policy deter- 
mination, analysis and testing. Stevens, Fisher. 

Courses for Graduates 

Finance 201. Research. Credit in proportion to work accomplished. 
Students must be especially qualified by previous work to pursue 
effectively the research to be undertaken. Gruchy. 

Finance 229 f or s. Special Problems in Finance (1-3). Prerequisite, 
preliminary courses in the field of specialization and permission of the 
instructor concerned. 

Individual study of specific problems. Stevens, Gruchy. 



C. Marketing, Merchandising, and Sales Administration 

See also related courses in Psychology, especially Psych. 4 s, 140 f, and 
141 s, and in the marketing of agricultural products, particularly A. E. 
101 s, 102 s, 103 s, 105 s, and 215 s. 

Courses for Graduates and Advanced Undergraduates 

Mkt. 101 f. Marketing Principles (3). Prerequisite, Econ. 51 y. 

A study of the fundamental principles of assembling and dispersing 
manufactured goods; functions of wholesale and retail middlemen; branch 
house distribution; mail order and chain store distribution; price and price 
policies; cash and quality discounts; price maintenance; and a discussion 
of the problem of distribution costs. Bennett, Reid. 

Mkt. 106 s. Salesmanship (2). Prerequisites, Econ. 51 y or 57, and 

Mkt. 101 f , or consent of instructor. 

An analysis of the fundamental principles of salesmanship and the 
technique of personal presentation of ideas, goods, and services. Analysis 
of customer buying motives, habits, and sales reactions. 

Kirkpatrick, Reid. 

Mkt. 108 s. Salesmanagement (2). Prerequisite, credit or concurrent 
registration in Mkt. 106 s. 

The structure and function of the sales organization and its relation to 
the activities of the production and other departments. Building, training, 
equipping, stimulating and supervising a sales force. Reid. 

Mkt. 109 f. Advertising Principles (3). Prerequisite, Econ. 51 y or 57. 

Functions and economic implications of advertising; selection and 

adaptation of media to various lines of business; layouts, copy writing, and 



34 BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION 

campaign planning; objectives, appropriations, and measurements of 
effectiveness. Mullin. 

Mkt. 115 s. Purchasing Technique (3). 

Ascertaining sources of supply, substitutes; utilization of catalogues, 
files, pooled information, and cooperative purchasing; buying on specifi- 
cations; sampling, testing, bargaining; terms, discounts, relations with 
salesmen; procurement, analysis, and interpretation of market and price 
data; materials control; interdepartmental and office organization. 

Kirkpatrick. 

Mkt. 119 s. Retail Store Management and Merchandising (3). Pre- 
requisite, Mkt. 101 f . 

Retail store organization, location, and store policy; pricing policies, 
price lines, brands, credit policies; records as a guide to buying; 
budgetary control of inventory and expenses; purchasing methods; 
supervision of selling; training and supervision of retail sales force; 
administrative problems. Kirkpatrick. 

Mkt. 199 s. Marketing Research and Market Policies (3). Prerequisite, 
nine credit hours in marketing. 

A study of the methods and problems involved in marketing research. 

Bennett. 

Courses for Graduates 

Mkt. 201. Research. Credit in proportion to work accomplished. Stu- 
dents must be especially qualified by previous work to pursue effectively 
the research to be undertaken. Stevens, Bennett, Kirkpatrick. 

Mkt. 229 f or s. Problems in Marketing (1-3). Prerequisite, preliminary 
courses in the field of specialization, and permission of the instructor. 
Individual study of specific problems. Stevens, Bennett. 



D. Trade and Transportation 

Courses for Graduates and Advanced Undergraduates 

T. & T. 101 f. Principles of Foreign Trade (3). Prerequisite, Econ. 
51 y, T. & T. 1 f, 4 s. 

The basic principles of import and export trade, as influenced by the 
differences in methods of conducting domestic and foreign commerce. 

Gay. 

T. & T. 102 s. World Resources and Industries (3). 

Economic, political and geographic factors affecting the distribution of 
industries. Problems of industrial migration, land utilization and regional 
planning. Effects of resource patterns upon current world economic and 
political developments. Gay. 



BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION 35 

T. & T. Ill f. Inland Transportation (3). Prerequisite, Econ. 51 y or 57. 

The development of railway and truck transportation in the United 
States; facilities for transporting agricultural and industrial products. 
Rate structures and tariffs; effects of changing transportation methods 
upon agricultural and business organization. Gay. 

T. & T. 112 s. Ocean Transportation (2). Prerequisite, T. & T. 1 f , 4 s. 

The development of merchant marine and ocean trade routes; the func- 
tion of the merchant marine in the present commerce of the world; relation 
of merchant marine to the railroad and other transportation agencies. 
Special stress is laid on the history and present position of the American 
Merchant Marine. Gay. 

T. & T. 121 s. The Technique of Export Trade (1). Prerequisite, T. & T. 
101 f. (Not offered in 1941-1942.) 

Practical problems of exporting, including the study of functions of the 
various exporting agencies; documents and procedures used in exporting 
transactions. Gay. 

T. & T. 122 s. The Technique of Import Trade (1). Prerequisite, T. & T. 
101 f. (Not offered in 1941-1942.) 

The study of methods of procuring goods in foreign countries; financing 
of import shipments; documentary procedures; clearing through the 
customs districts; distribution of goods in the United States. Gay. 

T. & T. 123 s. Import and Export Practice (1-2). Prerequisite, con- 
current registration in T. & T. 121 s or 122 f. (Not offered in 1941-1942.) 

Practice work in dealing with import and export documents. Field 
trips ai'e also arranged to Baltimore to study actual import and export 
procedure. A nominal fee is collected at the time of the field trip to 
cover the expenses incurred. Gay. 

Foreign Trading Areas: 

The following three courses apply to particular areas the analysis of 
foreign markets and methods discussed in Principles of Foreign Trade 
(T. & T. 101 f). Lecture hours are arranged in such a way that these 
courses may be taken as a group, or any one or more may be taken 
independently. 

T. & T. 131 f. Europe as An Export Field (1). Prerequisite, T. & T. 101, 
123. (Not offered in 1941-1942.) 

An analysis of the countries of Europe as a market for American goods, 
including a study of the various products imported, methods of financing, 
and distribution agencies. 

T. & T. 132 f. Latin America as An Export Field (1). Prerequisite, 
T. & T. 101, 123. (Not offered in 1941-1942.) 



36 BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION 

An analysis of the countries of Central and South America as a market 
for American goods, including a study of the various products imported, 
methods of financing, and distribution agencies. 

T. & T. 133 f. Asia as An Export Field (1). Prerequisite, T. & T. 101, 
123. (Not offered in 1941-1942.) 

An analysis of the countries of Asia as a market for American goods, 
including a study of the various products imported, methods of financing, 
and distribution agencies. 

T. & T. 189 s. International Commerce and Commercial Policy (3). 

Prerequisite, T. & T. 131, 132, 133. 

Production, availability, and world commerce in the staple commodities 
of world trade, agricultural, mineral, and manufactured; the effects of 
the principal commercial policies and treaties. 

Courses for Graduates 

T. & T. 229 s. Special Problems in Foreign Trade (1-3). Prerequisite, 
preliminary courses in the field of specialization, and permission of the 
instructor. Gay. 

E. Organization and Management 

See also related courses in Psychology, especially Psych. 3 s, 160 f , and 161 s. 

Courses for Graduates and Advanced Undergraduates 

O. & M. 101 s, 102 f. Business Law (3, 3). 

Legal aspects of business relationships, contracts, negotiable instru- 
ments, agency, partnerships, corporations, real and personal property, and 
sales. Graduate students should register in Section A. Fisher. 

O. & M. 103 s. Advanced Business Law (3). Prerequisite, O. & M. 101 
and 102. 

The principles of the law of corporations, trusts and the administration 
of the estates of bankrupts and decedents, presented in a manner calcu- 
lated to prepare students for the accounting profession in Maryland. 

Shirley. 

O. & M. 105 f. Business Cycles and Business Indexes (3). Prerequisites, 
Stat. 14, Econ. 51 y, and consent of the instructor. 

Advanced work in business and economic indexes and time series 
analysis. Cases in market demand research, cost analysis, production 
control, and business cycle analysis. Shirley. 

O. & M. 110 f. Fundamentals of Business Administration (2). Pri- 
marily for senior engineers. Graduate students majoring in non-economic 
subjects may be admitted by special consent of instructor, but course 
may not be counted toward an advanced degree with a major in Economics 
or business subjects. 



BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION 37 

An analysis of the business structure, showing the functions of pro- 
duction, marketing, and finance, and the use of the tools of accounting and 
statistics. Designed to show the engineer his relationship as a functional 
specialist to other functional specialists and to give an academic oppor- 
tunity to apply technical knowledge in business problems. Reid. 

O. & M. 121s. Industrial Management (3). Prerequisite, Econ. 51 y 
or 57. 

A study of major problems of management in the acquisition, organiza- 
tion, and control of the factors and agents of production — plant, machinery 
and equipment, raw materials, and personnel. Factory location and 
layout; scheduling, personnel organization and incentives. Mullin. 

O. & M. 125 s. Psych. 161 s. Personnel (3). Prerequisites, Econ. 51 y 
or 57 and Psych. 3 s or 4 f, or permission of instructor. 

A study of the problems involved in the organization and management 
of personnel in modern business and industry. A consideration of em- 
ployee selection, measures of ability, methods of developing and main- 
taining personnel efficiency. Supplementary reading material for Eco- 
nomics or Business. Administration majors will conform to the individual's 
particular interests. See also related course, Econ. 133 f , Industrial 
Relations. Clark, Wyckoff, Marshall. 

O. & M. 161 s. Problems in Cooperative Administration (1-3). Prereq- 
uisites, six semester hours in accounting, three in finance, eight in 
economics, three in statistics, three in organization and management, and 
three in cooperative theory. 

A seminar course in the practical problems of cooperative management 
that is intended to integrate previous managerial courses. A limited 
amount of travel is required, for which a nominal fee is collected at the 
time of each field trip to cover the expenses incurred. Clark. 

0. & M. 172 s. Trade and Commercial Organizations (3). Prerequisite, 
Econ. 52. 

Objectives of trade and commercial organizations. Structure, financing, 
membership building, committee organization and procedure, conventions 
and program building, collection and dissemination of information. Public 
responsibilities. Stevens, Clark. 

O. & M. 195 f, 196 s. Special Problems in Business Administration (3). 

Prerequisites, preliminary courses in Business Administration and the 
field of specialized study, high scholastic standing, and consent of the 
instructor. 

Independent study of business problems in a specialized field. The 
method of individual conferences and reports. For students of initiative, 
resourcefulness, maturity, and high scholastic standing who wish to do 
extensive organized reading in a special field of business administration. 

Stevens and others. 



38 CHEMISTRY 

Courses for Graduates 

O. & M. 201. Research. Credit in proportion to work accomplished. 
Student must be especially qualified by previous work to pursue effectively 
the research to be undertaken. 

Investigation or original research in problems of business organization 
and operation under supervision of the instructor. Staff. 

O. & M. 208 s. Legal Aspects of Business Problems (2). Prerequisites, 
six semester hours in commercial law, twelve in accounting, nine in 
economics and six in political science. 

Law as an institution conditioning economic behavior. The law applicable 
to problems in management and production, marketing and finance. 

Shirley. 

O. & M. 291 f or s. Problems in Business Organization (1-3). Prereq- 
uisites, preliminary courses in the field of specialization, six semester 
hours in organization and management, eight in accounting, nine in 
economics, and three in statistics. 

Individual investigation of specific problems, under direction of the 
instructor. The subjects selected for investigation may be closely allied 
with, but must not be the same as, the subject discussed in the student's 
major thesis. Staff. 

CHEMISTRY 
A. General Chemistry 

Courses for Graduates 

Chem. 200 A y. The Chemistry of the Rarer Elements (4) — Two lec- 
tures. Prerequisite, Chem. 2 y. 

A course devoted to the study of the elements not usually considered 
in the elementary course. White. 

Chem. 200 B y. Advanced Inorganic Laboratory (4) — Two laboratories. 
Prerequisite, consent of the instructor. 

A laboratory study of the compounds of elements considered in Chem. 
200 A y. White. 

Chem. 201 f or s. An Introduction to Spectrographic Analysis (1) — A 

laboratory course designed to acquaint the student with the fundamentals 
of spectrographic analysis. White. 

Chem. 233 s. Inorganic Microanalysis (2) — Two laboratories. Prereq- 
uisites, Chem. 2 y and Chem. 6 y or their equivalent. 

A laboratory course designed to acquaint a student with the qualitative 
and quantitative techniques available for the analysis of milligram 
samples. The qualitative procedures are carried out on the microscope 
slide, in the microcentrifuge cone, in the capillary, and in the fibre. The 
quantitative procedures include residue determinations, the use of the 
filter stick, etc. Westgate. 



CHEMISTRY 39 

B. Analytical Chemistry 

Courses for Graduates and Advanced Undergraduates 

Chem. 101 y. Advanced Quantitative Analysis (8) — Two lectures; two 
laboratories. Prerequisite, Chem. 6 y, or its equivalent. 

The first semester is devoted to mineral and gas analysis. During the 
second semester emphasis is on instrumental analysis. Svirbely. 

Chem. 130 y. Chemical Microscopy (4) — One lecture; one laboratory. 
Prerequisite, consent of instructor. 

A course designed to acquaint the student with the fundamentals of 
microscopic analysis. The latter part of the course is devoted to a study 
of textile fibers. Svirbely. 

Courses for Graduates 

Chem. 240 f. Chemical Microscopy (2) — One lecture; one laboratory. 

A more extensive course than 130 y designed to acquaint the student 

with the fundamentals of microscopic analysis. Svirbely. 

Chem. 241 s. Chemical Microscopy (2) — One lecture; one laboratory. 
Prerequisite, Chem, 240 f. 

A course devoted to the study of the optical properties of crystals. 

Svirbely. 

Chem. 243 y. Special Problems in Quantitative Analysis (4) — Two 

laboratories. Prerequisite, Chem. 6 y. Laboratory work and conferences. 

A complete treatment of some special problem or problems, chosen to 

meet the needs and interest of the individual student. Svirbely. 

C. Organic Chemistry 

Courses for Graduates and Advanced Undergraduates 

Chem. 116 y. Advanced Organic Chemistry (4) — Two lectures. Prereq- 
uisite, Chem. 8 A y and B y, or their equivalent. 

A course devoted to a more advanced study of the compounds of carbon 
than is undertaken in Chem. 8 A y. Graduate students who desire an 
accompanying laboratory course should elect Chem. 205 and/or 207. 

Drake. 

Chem. 117 y. Organic Laboratory (4) — One lecture and one laboratory. 

A course devoted to a study of organic qualitative analysis. The work 
includes the identification of unknown organic compounds, and corresponds 
to the more advanced course, Chem. 207. Reeve. 

Chem. 118 y. Advanced Organic Laboratory (2) — One laboratory. 

A study of organic quantitative analysis and the preparation of organic 
compounds. Quantitative determinations of carbon and hydrogen, 
nitrogen, and halogen are carried out, and representative syntheses, more 
difficult than those of Chem. 8 B y, are studied. Reeve. 



40 CHEMISTRY 

Courses for Graduates 

Chem. 203 A f. Stereochemistry (2) — Two lectures. (Not offered in 
1941-1942.) 

A comprehensive study of stereoisomerism. Drake. 

Chem. 203 B f. The Polyene Pigments, and Certain Vitamins (2)— Two 

lectures. 

A study of the structure and reactions of the more important polyene 
pigments and those vitamins whose structures are known. Drake. 

Chem. 203 C f . Sterols and Sex Hormones (2)— Two lectures. (Not 
offered in 1941-1942.) 

A study of the structure and reactions of the more important sterols, 
and the sex hormones. Drake. 

Chem. 205 f or s. Organic Preparations (2-4) — Two or four laboratories. 

A laboratory study of the synthesis of various organic compounds and 
of the quantitative methods of determining carbon and hydrogen, 
nitrogen, and halogen in organic compounds. Reeve. 

Chem. 206 f or s. Organic Microanalysis (4). Prerequisite, consent of 
the instructor. 

A laboratory study of the methods of Pregl for the quantitative deter- 
mination of halogen, nitrogen, carbon and hydrogen, and methoxyl. 

Drake. 

Chem. 207 f or s. Organic Qualitative Analysis (2-6). 

Laboratory work devoted to the identification of pure organic substances 
and of mixtures. This course serves as an intensive preparation for the 
problems of identification encountered in organic research, and should be 
taken by all students planning to do research in organic chemistry. 

Reeve. 

Chem. 210 f or s. Advanced Organic Laboratory (2-3) — Two or three 
laboratories. Prerequisites, Chem. 205 and 207 or their equivalent. 

A laboratory course designed to fit the needs of a student about to 
begin research in organic chemistry. The course consists of work on the 
identification of mixtures of organic compounds, difficult syntheses and 
ultimate analyses for carbon and hydrogen, nitrogen, and halogen, but can 
be varied to fit the needs of the individual student. Reeve. 

Chem. 235 A s. Chemistry of Certain Nitrogen Compounds (2) — Two 

lectures. 

A study of the chemistry of open chain nitrogen compounds and of 
alkaloids. Reeve. 

Chem. 235 B s. Physical Aspect of Organic Chemistry (2) — Two lec- 
tures. (Not offered in 1941-1942.) 



CHEMISTRY 41 

The practical applications of modern theories of physics and physical 
chemistry to the problems of structure and reactions of organic sub- 
stances. Reeve. 

Chem. 235 Cs. The Heterocyclics (2)— Two lectures. (Not offered in 
1941-1942.) 

A study of some of the heterocyclic compounds with special reference 
to those related to natural products. Reeve. 



D. Physical Chemistry 

Courses for Graduates and Advanced Undergraduates 

Chem. 102 A y. Physical Chemistry (6) — Three lectures. Prerequisites, 
Chem. 6 y, Phys. 2 y, Math. 23 y. Graduate students will elect Chem. 
231 f and 232 s. 

This course aims to furnish the student with a thorough background in 
the laws of theories of chemistry. The gas laws, kinetic theory, liquids, 
solutions, elementary thermodynamics, thermochemistry, equilibrium, 
chemical kinetics, etc., will be discussed. Haring. 

Chem. 103 A y. Elements of Physical Chemistry (4) — Two lectures. 
Prerequisites, Chem. 1 y, Phys. 1 y, Math. 8 f and 10 s or 21 f and 22 s. 

The course is designed to meet the needs of premedical students and 
others unable to pursue the subject further. Accordingly such topics as 
solution theory, colloid chemistry, reaction rates, equilibrium, the methods 
of determining pH, etc., are stressed. Lamb. 

Chem. 103 B y. Elements of Physical Chemistry Laboratory (2) — One 

laboratory. Prerequisite, Chem. 4 f or s. 

Numerous quantitative experiments illustrating the principles discussed 
in Chem. 103 A y are performed. Lamb. 

Chem. 105 y. Elements of Chemical Thermodynamics (4) — Two lectures. 
Prerequisite, Chem. 102 A y. 

This course is designed for Chemical Engineering majors and is less 
extensive than Chem. 226 y but with suitable emphasis on all pertinent 
topics. Haring. 

Courses for Graduates 

NOTE: All courses in this group have as prerequisites Chem. 102 A y 
for lecture courses and Chem. 102 B y for laboratory courses, or their 
equivalent. 

Chem. 212 A f, 213 A s. Colloid Chemistry (2, 2)— Two lectures. 
A discussion of the effects of surface on chemical reactions; numerous 
practical applications. Haring. 



42 CHEMISTRY 

Chem. 212 B f, 213 B s. Colloid Chemistry Laboratory (2, 2)— Two 

laboratories, which must accompany or be preceded by Chem. 212 A f , 
213 A s. Haring. 

Chem. 214 f, 215 s. Structure of Matter (2, 2)— Two lectures. 

A study of the structure of atoms, molecules, solids and liquids. Molec- 
ular structure and related topics will be studied from the standpoints of 
dipole moments, Raman spectra, and infra-red spectra. Lamb. 

Chem. 216 f. Phase Rule (2)— Two lectures. (Not given in 1941-1942.) 

A systematic study of heterogeneous equilibria. One, two, and three 

component systems will be considered, with practical applications of 

each. Haring. 

Chem. 217 s. Catalysis (2)— Two lectures. (Not given in 1941-1942.) 
This course consists of lectures on the theory and applications of 
catalysis. Haring. 

Chem. 218 f, 219 s. Reaction Kinetics (2, 2)— Two lectures. (Not given 
in 1941-1942.) 

A study of reaction velocity and mechanisms of reactions in gaseous and 
liquid systems, and the effect of temperature, radiation, etc., on the same. 

Lamb. 

Chem. 220 A f, 221 A s. Electrochemistry (2, 2)— Two lectures. (Not 
given in 1941-1942.) 

A theoretical discussion coupled with practical applications. Haring. 

Chem. 220 B f , 221 B s. Electrochemistry Laboratory (2, 2) — Two 

laboratories, which must accompany or be preceded by Chem. 220 A f , 
221 As. (Not given in 1941-1942.) Haring. 

Chem. 226 y. Chemical Thermodynamics (4) — Two lectures. 
A study of the methods of approaching chemical problems through the 
laws of energy. Haring. 

Chem. 231 f, 232 s. Physical Chemistry Laboratory (2 or 3, 2 or 3)— 

Two laboratories and one conference. 

Students taking this course may elect six credits of lectures in Chem. 
102 A y to replace the conference. Lamb. 

Chem. 202 y. Theory of Solutions (4) — Two lectures. Prerequisite, 
Chem. 102 A y. 

A systematic study of the theories and properties of solutions. Subjects 
considered are solubility, regular solutions, dipole moments, solution 
kinetics, and modei'n theories of dilute and concentrated electrolytes. 

Svirbely. 



CHEMISTRY 43 

E. Biological Chemistry 

Courses for Graduates and Advanced Undergraduates 

Chem. 108 f or s. General Physiological Chemistry (4) — Two lectures; 
two laboratories. Prerequisites, Chem. 12 A y and 12 B y, or their 
equivalent. 

This course is a study of the fundamental principles of human nutrition, 
the chemistry of foods, digestion, absorption, assimilation, metabolism, 
tissue composition and excretion. The laboratory work consists of experi- 
ments in food analysis, salivary, gastric, pancreatic and intestinal diges- 
tion, and identification of components of blood and urine. Supplee. 

Chem. 115 y. Food Analysis (4) — Two laboratories. (One hour per 
week is devoted to a regularly scheduled laboratory conference which must 
be attended by all students taking the course.) By special arrangement a 
student may take this course one semester for two credits. Prerequisites, 
Chem. 12 A y, 12 B y, 4 f, or equivalent. 

This course is designed to give the student experience in analytical 
procedures of particular benefit to workers in the food industries. Par- 
ticular attention is given to the problems presented in sampling, and in 
applying standard methods to different types of products. Instrumental 
analysis is stressed. Wiley. 

Courses for Graduates 

Chem. 208 f or s. Biological Analysis (2) — Two laboratories. 

A course in analytical methods of value to the student whose major field 
is in the biological sciences. The work is varied somewhat to fit the needs 
or interest of the individual student. Wiley. 

Chem. 222 A f, 223 A s. Physiological Chemistry (2, 2)— Two lectures. 
Prerequisites, Chem. 12 A y and 12 B y, or their equivalent. 

An advanced course in physiological chemistry. For the first semester 
the course consists of lectures and assigned reading on the chemistry of 
the carbohydrates, fats, proteins and enzymes. The second semester deals 
with digestion, absorption, metabolism, excretion, hormones and nutrition. 

Supplee. 

Chem. 222 B f, 223 B s. Physiological Chemistry Laboratory (2, 2)— 

Two laboratories. Prerequisites, Chem. 4 f or s and 12 A y and 12 B y, or 
their equivalent. 

A laboratory course to accompany Chem. 222 A f and 223 A s. Qualita- 
tive and quantitative food analysis; digestion, nutrition, metabolism, and 
respiration experiments; quantitative analysis of the blood and urine. 

Supplee. 

Chem. 224 f, 225 s. Special Problems (2-4, 2-4)— Laboratory, library, 
and conference work amounting to a minimum of 10 hours a week. Pre- 
requisites, Chem. 222 A f and 223 A s, and consent of the instructor. 

This course consists of studies of special methods, such as the separa- 
tion of the fatty acids from a selected fat, the preparation of carbo- 



44 COMPARATIVE LITERATURE 

hydrates or amino acids, the determination of the distribution of nitrogen 
in a protein or the detailed analysis of some specific type of tissue. The 
student will choose the particular problem to be studied with the advice 
of the instructor. Wiley. 

F. History of Chemistry 

Courses for Graduates and Advanced Undergraduates 

Chem. 121 y. The History of Chemistry (2) — One lecture. Prerequisites, 
Chem. 1 y and Chem. 8 y, or their equivalent. 

The development of chemical knowledge, and especially of the general 
doctrines of chemistry, from the earliest beginnings up to the present day. 

Broughton. 

G. Seminar and Research 

Courses for Graduates 

Chem. 227 f, 228 s. Seminar (1, 1). Required of all graduate students 
in chemistry. 

Students are required to prepare reports on papers in the current 
literature. These are discussed in connection with the recent advances in 
the subject. Staff. 

Chem. 229. Research in Chemistry. The investigation of special prob- 
lems and the preparation of a thesis towards an advanced degree. Staff. 



CLASSICAL LANGUAGES 

Courses for Graduates and Advanced Undergraduates 

Latin 131 f. Tacitus, Annals and Germania (3) — Three lectures. Pre- 
requisite, 12 hours beyond Latin 2 y. (Not given in 1941-1942.) Highby. 

Latin 132 s. Martial, Selected Epigrams (3) — Three lectures. Prereq- 
uisite, 12 hours beyond Latin 2 y. Highby. 

Latin 141 f. Lucretius, De Natura Rerum (3) — Three lectures. Pre- 
requisite, 12 hours beyond Latin 2 y. Highby. 

Latin 151 s. Advanced Latin Prose Composition (3) — Three lectures. 
Prerequisite, 9 hours beyond Latin 2 y. (Not given in 1941-1942.) 

Highby. 



COMPARATIVE LITERATURE 

A general prerequisite for all courses in Comparative Literature is 
English 1 y and English 2 f and 3 s. Requirements for a major include 
Comparative Literature 101 f and 102 s. 



COMPARATIVE LITERATURE 45 

Courses for Graduates and Advanced Undergraduates 

Comp. Lit. 101 f. Introductory Survey of Comparative Literature (3)— 

Three lectures. 

Survey of the background of European literature through study in 
English translations of Greek and Latin literature. Special emphasis is 
laid on Greek drama along with the development of the epic, tragedy, 
comedy, and other typical forms of literary expression. The debt of modern 
literature to the ancients is discussed and illustrated. • Zucker. 

Comp. Lit. 102 s. Introductory Survey of Comparative Literature (3)— 

Three lectures. 

Continuation of Comp. Lit. 101 f; study of medieval and modern 
Continental literature. Zucker. 

Comp. Lit. 103 f. Chaucer (3)— Three lectures. (Same as English 104 f.) 

Hale. 

Comp. Lit. 104 s. The Old Testament as Literature (2) — Two lectures. 
A study of the sources, development, and literary types. Hale. 

Comp. Lit. 105 f. Romanticism in France (2) — Two lectures. 
Lectures and readings in the French romantic writers from Rousseau 
to Baudelaire. Texts are read in English translations. Wilcox. 

Comp. Lit. 106 s. Romanticism in Germany (2) — Two lectures. 
Continuation of Comp. Lit. 105 f . German literature from Buerger to 
Heine. The reading is done in English translations. Prahl. 

Comp. Lit. 107 f. The Faust Legend in English and German Literature 

(2) — Two lectures. 

A study of the Faust legend of the Middle Ages and its later treatment 
by Marlowe in Dr. Fanstus and by Goethe in Faust. Prahl. 

Comp. Lit. 108 f. Milton (2)— Two lectures. (Same as English 108 f.) 

Murphy. 

Comp. Lit. 109 y. Cervantes (6) — Three lectures. (Same as Spanish 
105 y.) Darby. 

Comp. Lit. 110 s. Introduction to Folklore (2) — Two lectures. 

Origin, evolution, and bibliography of types. Literary significance, as 
seen in the development of prose fiction. Collections, such as the 
Panchatantra, Seven Sages, Arabian Nights, etc., and the continuation of 
these tales through medieval and modern literature. Robertson. 

Comp. Lit. Ill s. A study of Literary Criticism (3) — Three lectures. 
A survey of the major schools of criticism from Plato to the present day. 

Murphy. 



46 DAIRY HUSBANDRY 

Comp. Lit. 112 f. Ibsen (2)— Two lectures. 

A study of the life and chief works of Ibsen with special emphasis on 
his influence on the modern drama. Zucker. 

Comp. Lit. 113 f, 114 s. Prose and Poetry of the Romantic Age (3, 3) — 

Three lectures. (Same as English 113 f, 114 s.) Hale. 

Comp. Lit. 124 s. Contemporary Drama (3) — Three lectures. (Same 
as English 124 s.) Fitzhugh. 

Comp. Lit. 125 f. Emerson, Thoreau, and Whitman (3) — Three lectures. 
(Same as English 125 f.) Warfel. 

Courses for Graduates 

Comp. Lit. 200 s. The History of the Theatre (2)— Two lectures. Pre- 
requisite, a wide acquaintance with modern drama and some knowledge 
of the Greek drama. (Not given in 1941-1942.) 

A detailed study of the history of the European theatre. Individual 
research problems will be assigned for term papers. Hale. 

Comp. Lit. 201 y. Medieval Romance in England (4) — Two lectures. 
(Same as English 204 y.) Hale. 

Comp. Lit. 203 y. Schiller (4) — Two lectures. (Same as German 203 y.) 

Prahl. 

Comp. Lit. 204 y. Goethe (4) — Two lectures. (Same as German 204 f 
and 205 s.) Zucker. 

Comp. Lit. 205 y. Georges Duhamel, Poet, Dramatist, Novelist (4) — 

Two lectures. (Same as French 204 y.) (Not given in 1941-1942.) Falls. 

Comp. Lit. 207 f. Seminar in Shakespeare (2) — Two lectures. Prereq- 
uisites, English 11 f and English 12 s. (Same as English 207 f.) Zeeveld. 



DAIRY HUSBANDRY 

Courses for Graduates and Advanced Undergraduates 

D. H. 101 f. Dairy Production (3) — Two lectures; one laboratory. 
Prerequisites, D. H. 1 s and A. H. 102 f. 

A comprehensive course in dairy cattle feeding and herd management 
designed for advanced students in dairy husbandry. It covers the efficient 
feeding of the dairy herd, including milking cows, dairy heifers, calves 
and dairy bulls; common diseases of dairy cattle and their treatment; 
dairy farm sanitation; problems of herd management; dairy barns and 
equipment; and the factors essential for success in the dairy farm 
business. Turk. 



DAIRY HUSBANDRY 47 

D. H. 104 f. Advanced Dairy Cattle Judging (1) — One laboratory. 
Prerequisite, D. H. 50 s. 

Advanced work in selection and judging dairy cattle. Credit only to 
students who do satisfactory work in competition for the dairy cattle 
judging team. Turk. 

D. H. 105 s. Dairy Breeds and Breeding (2) — One lecture; one labora- 
tory. Prerequisites, D. H. 1 s, Zool. 104 f , A. H. 103 s. 

A study of the historical background; characteristics; prominent blood 
lines, noted families and individuals of the major dairy breeds. A survey 
of breeding systems; genetics and environmental factors as applied to 
dairy cattle. The use of the pedigree, various indices, herd and production 
records in selection and formulating breeding programs. Berry. 

D. H. 106 f. Dairy Cattle Management (2)— Two laboratories. Pre- 
requisite, D. H. 1 s. 

A management course designed to familiarize students with the prac- 
tical handling and management of dairy cattle. Students are given actual 
practice and training in the University dairy barns. 

D. H. 109 f. Cheese Making (3) — One lecture; two laboratories. Pre- 
requisites, D. H. 1 s and Bact. 1. 

The principles and practice of making casein and cheese, including a 
study of the physical, chemical, and biological factors involved. Laboratory 
practice will include visits to commercial factories. Hughes. 

D. H. 110 f. Butter Making (2) — One lecture; one laboratory. Prereq- 
uisites, D. H. 1 s and Bact. 1. 

The principles and practice of making butter, including a study of the 
physical, chemical, and biological factors involved. Laboratory practice 
will include visits to commercial factories. England. 

D. H. Ill s. Concentrated Milks (2) — One lecture; one laboratory. Pre- 
requisites, D. H. 1 s and Bact. 1. 

The principles and practice of making condensed milk, evaporated milk, 
and milk powder, including a study of the physical, chemical, and biological 
factors involved. Laboratory practice will include visits to commercial 
factories. England. 

D. H. 112 s. Ice Cream Making (3) — One lecture; two laboratories. 
Prerequisites, D. H. 1 s and Bact. 1. 

The principles and practice of making ice cream, sherbets, and ices, in- 
cluding a study of the physical, chemical, and biological factors involved. 
Laboratory practice will include visits to commercial factories. England. 

D. H. 113 f. Market Milk (5) — Three lectures; two laboratories. Pre- 
requisites, D. H. 1 s and Bact. 1. (Not given in 1941-1942.) 



48 DAIRY HUSBANDRY 

Commercial and economic phases of market milk, with special reference 
to its transportation, processing, and distribution; certified milk; com- 
mercial buttermilk; milk laws; duties of milk inspectors; distribution; 
milk plant construction and operation. Laboratory practice includes 
visits to local dairies. England. 

D. H. 114 s. Analysis of Dairy Products (4) — Two lectures; two labora- 
tories. Prerequisites, D. H. Is, Bact. 1, Chem. 4 and 12 y. (Not given 
in 1941-1942.) 

The application of chemical and bacteriological methods to commercial 
dairy practice; analysis by standard chemical, bacteriological, and factory 
methods; standardization and composition control; tests for adulterants 
and preservatives. England. 

D. H. 116 s. Dairy Mechanics (2)— Two laboratories. Prerequisite, 
D. H. 1 s. (Not given in 1941-1942.) 

The theory and operation of the compression system of mechanical 
refrigeration. Construction, design, and care of dairy equipment, repair- 
ing, soldering, pipe fitting, and wiring. Hughes. 

D. H. 117 s. Dairy Accounting (1) — One laboratory. Prerequisite, D. H. 
1 s. (Not given in 1941-1942.) 

Methods of accounting in the market milk plant and dairy manu- 
facturing plants. Hughes. 

D. H. 119 f, 120 s. Dairy Literature (1, 1) — One lecture. Prerequisite, 
D. H. 1 s. 

Presentation and discussion of current literature in dairying. 

England, Barry, Turk. 

D. H. 123 f, 124 s. Methods of Dairy Research (1-3). Credit in ac- 
cordance with the amount and character of work done. 

This course is designed especially to meet the needs of those dairy stu- 
dents who plan to enter the research or technical field of dairying. Methods 
of conducting dairy research and the presentation of results are stressed. 
A research problem which relates specifically to the work the student is 
pursuing will be assigned. 

Courses for Graduates 

D. H. 201 f. Advanced Dairy Production (3). 

A study of the newer discoveries in dairy nutrition, physiology, breed- 
ing and management. Turk. 

D. H. 202 f. Dairy Technology (2)— Two lectures. 

A consideration of milk and dairy products from the physiochemical 
point of view. England. 



ECONOMICS 49 

I). H. 203 s. Milk Products (2)— Two lectures. 

An advanced consideration of the scientific and technical aspects of 
milk products. England. 

D. H. 204 f or s. Special Problems in Dairying (1-3). Credit in accord- 
ance with the amount and character of work done. 

Special problems which relate specifically to the work the student is 
pursuing will be assigned. Staff. 

D. H. 205 f or s. Seminar (1). 

Students are required to prepare reports on current literature in dairy 
husbandry and allied fields. These reports are presented and discussed in 
the class. Staff. 

D. H. 206. Research. Credit to be determined by the amount and quality 
of work done. 

The student will be required to pursue, with the approval of the head 
of the department, an original investigation in some phase of dairy 
husbandry. Staff. 



ECONOMICS 

See also related courses in Business Administration and in Agricultui'al 
Economics. 

Courses for Graduates and Advanced Undergraduates 

Econ. 129 s. (Fin. 129 s). International Finance (3). Prerequisite, 
Econ. 51 y or 57. Open to majors in Business Administration only as 
Fin. 129 s. 

Class sessions with Finance 129 s but readings and reports stress the 
economic as contrasted with the managerial and business men's viewpoint. 
Assumed previous knowledge of finance is less than in Finance 129 s. Gay. 

Econ. 130 f. Labor Economics (3). Prerequisite, Econ. 51 y or 57. 

Insecurity, wages and income, hours, substandard workers, industrial 
conflict; wage theories; the economics of collective bargaining; unionism 
in its structural and functional aspects; recent developments. Marshall. 

Econ. 131 s. Labor and Government (3). Prerequisite, Econ. 51 y or 57. 

A study of society's efforts through legislation to improve labor condi- 
tions. State and federal laws and court decisions affecting wages, hours, 
working conditions, immigi-ation, convict labor, union activities, industrial 
disputes, collective bargaining, and economic security. Marshall. 

Econ. 133 f. Industrial Relations (3). Prerequisite, Econ. 51 y. 
A study of the development and methods of organized groups in industry 
with reference to the settlement of labor disputes. An economic and legal 



50 ECONOMICS 

analysis of labor union and employer association activities, arbitration, 
mediation, and conciliation; collective bargaining, trade agreements, 
strikes, boycotts, lockouts, company unions, employee representation, and 
injunctions. Marshall. 

Econ. 136 s. Economics of Consumption (3). Prerequisite, Econ. 51 y 
or 57. 

The place of the consumer in our economic system; an analysis of 
demand for consumer goods; the need for consumer-consciousness and a 
technique of consumption; cooperative and governmental agencies for 
consumers. Special problems. Marshall. 

Econ. 145 s. Public Service Industries (3). Prerequisite, Econ. 51 y 
or 57. 

Economic and legal characteristics of the public utility status; problems 
of organization, production, marketing, and finance; public regulation and 
alternatives. Wyckoff. 

Econ. 151 f. Comparative Economic Systems (3). Prerequisite, Econ. 

51 y. 

An investigation of some of the more important social reform move- 
ments and programs of the modern era. The course begins with an 
examination and evaluation of the capitalistic system, followed by an 
analysis of alternative types of economic control. Marshall. 

Econ. 152 s. Social Control of Business (3). Prerequisite, sophomore 
economics. 

The reasons for, and the methods of avoidance, escape, and abuse of 
competition as a regulating force in business; social control as a sub- 
stitute for, or as a modification of, preservation of competition; law as an 
instrument of social control through administrative law and tribunals; the 
constitutional aspects of social control. Shirley. 

Econ. 153 f. Industrial Combinations (3). Prerequisite, Econ. 51 y. 

The development of industrial combinations in the United States; the 
causes which brought about the trust movement; trade and business 
methods employed by these combinations; types of big business; anti-trust 
legislation in this country and its effects. Wyckoff. 

Econ. 161 f. Economics of Cooperative Organization (3). Prerequisite, 
Econ. 51 or 57. 

Analysis of the principles and practice of cooperation in economic 
activity from the viewpoint of effective management and public interest. 
Potentialities, limitations, and management problems of consumer, pro- 
ducer, marketing, financial, and business men's cooperatives. 

Stevens, Clark. 



ECONOMICS 51 

Econ. 191 s. Contemporary Economic Theory (3). 

A survey of recent trends in English, American and continental eco- 
nomic thought with special attention paid to the institutionalists, the 
welfare economists, and the mathematical economists. Gruchy. 

Econ. 195 f, 196 s. Special Problems in Economics (3). Prerequisite, 
preliminary courses in Economics and in the field of specialized study, 
high scholastic standing, and consent of the instructor. 

Independent study of economic problems in a specialized field. The 
method of individual conferences and reports. For students of initiative, 
resourcefulness, maturity, and high scholastic standing who wish to do 
extensive organized reading in a special field of Economics. 

Stevens and staff. 

Courses for Graduates 

Econ. 201. Research. Credit in proportion to work accomplished. 
Students must be especially qualified to pursue effectively the research 
to be undertaken. Staff. 

Econ. 203 y. Seminar (4-6). Prerequisite, concurrent graduate major in 
economics or business administration, and consent of instructor. 

Discussion of major problems in the field of economic theory, accounting, 
cooperation, or business. Staff. 

Econ. 205 f. History of Economic Thought (3). 

A study of the development of economic thought and theories, including 
the Ancients, the Greeks, the Romans, Scholasticism, Mercantilism, 
Physiocrats, Adam Smith and contemporaries, Malthus, Ricardo, and John 
Stuart Mill. Marshall. 

Econ. 206 s. Economic Theory in the Nineteenth Century (3). 

A study of the various schools of economic thought, particularly the 
classicists, the neo-classicists, the Austrians, and the socialists. Marshall. 

Econ. 210 f and s. Special Problems in Economic Investigation (1-3 
each semester). Credit in proportion to work accomplished. 

Technique involved in economic research. Practice in drawing up 
schedules and programs. Individual conferences and reports. 

Econ. 233 s. Problems in Industrial Relations (3). Prerequisites, pre- 
liminary courses in the field of specialization, and permission of the 
instructor. The subjects selected for study may be closely allied with, but 
must not be the same as, the subject discussed in the student's major 
thesis. Marshall. 

Econ. 252 s. Problems in Government and Business Interrelations (3). 

Prerequisites, preliminary courses in the field of specialization, and per- 
mission of the instructor. The subjects selected for study may be closely 
allied with, but must not be the same as, the subject discussed in the 
student's major thesis. Shirley. 



52 EDUCATION 

Eton. 299 f and s. Problems in Economics of Cooperation (1-3 each 
semester). Prerequisites, six semester hours in accounting, three in 
finance, three in statistics, eight in economics and three in cooperative 
theory. Problems may involve practical work with the National Coopera- 
tive Council and other Washington, D. C, or Maryland cooperative organi- 
zations. The subjects selected for investigation may be closely allied with, 
but must not be the same as, the subject discussed in the student's 
major thesis. Stevens. 



EDUCATION 

Special Departmental Requirements, in Addition to the 
General Requirements of the Graduate School. 

Master of Arts and Master of Education 

A qualifying written examination is required of all candidates for a 
degree, to be taken after the student has successfully completed ten 
hours of graduate work, and at least four calendar months before the 
student expects to receive the degree. This examination covers the general 
information students should have in the field of education. To assist in 
a choice of reading in preparation for the examination a list has been 
prepared and is available in the office of the College of Education. 

In addition to the general requirements for admission, applicants for 
unconditional admission to the Graduate School to pursue major work in 
Education must have had sixteen semester hours of undergraduate work 
in Education, of acceptable quality and equivalent in character to the 
sixteen hours required in the junior and senior years of the University 
of Maryland. 

Doctor of Philosophy 

The Department of Education offers work towards the degree of Doctor 
of Philosophy with major or minor in the following fields: 

a. General Education: includes history of education, comparative 
education, educational sociology, secondary education, elementary educa- 
tion, and adult education. 

b. Educational Administration: includes organization and administra- 
tion of elementary, secondary, and higher education; school finance, busi- 
ness administration of schools; and supervision of elementary and 
secondary schools. 

c. Curriculum and Instruction: includes principles of curriculum mak- 
ing, special methods and curricula in various fields, guidance, and research 
studies in the teaching of special subjects. 

In addition to the general university requirements for the degree the 
following additional requirements must be met by students proposing to 
major in one of the above fields: 



EDUCATION 53 

1. Qualifying examination, oral or written, or both, at the discretion of 
the department, covering student's undergraduate and first year of 
graduate preparation in education and related fields, to be taken as soon 
as possible after completion of the first year of graduate work and in any 
event required before receiving the department's official permission to 
take work beyond the Master's degree with the purpose of applying for 
candidacy for the doctorate. 

2. The preliminary examination for admission to candidacy for the 
Ph.D. degree will include a written examination covering the student's 
preparation in major and minor fields, and an oral examination covering 
his plan of research for the doctoral dissertation. 



A. History and Principles 

Courses for Graduates and Advanced Undergraduates 

Ed. 100 f. History of Education in the United States (2). 

A study of the origins and development of the chief features of the 
present system of education in the United States. Wiggin. 

Ed. 102 s. History of Modern Education (2). 

A survey of the history of education with emphasis upon the modern 
period in Europe. Long. 

Ed. 103 s. The High School (2). 

The secondary school population, its nature and needs; the school as an 
instrument of society; relation of the secondary school to other schools; 
aims of secondary education; curriculum and methods in relation to aims; 
extra-curricular activities; guidance and placement; the school's oppor- 
tunities for service to its community; teacher certification and employ- 
ment in Maryland and the District of Columbia. Brechbill. 

Ed. 105 f. Educational Measurements (2). Prerequisite, consent of 
instructor. 

A study of tests and examinations with emphasis upon their construc- 
tion and use. Types of tests; purposes of testing; elementary statistical 
concepts, and processes used in summarizing and analyzing test results; 
school marks. Brechbill. 

Ed. 107 f. Comparative Education (2). 

A study of national systems of education with the primary pui'pose of 
discovering their characteristic differences and formulating criteria for 
judging their worth. Emphasis upon European systems. Long. 

Ed. 108 s. Comparative Education (2). 

This course is a continuation of Ed. 107 with emphasis upon the national 
education systems of the Western Hemisphere. Benjamin. 



54 EDUCATION 

Ed. 110 f. The Junior High School (2). 

This course is designed to give a general overview of education in the 
junior high school. It includes material on the purposes, functions, and 
characteristics of this school unit, and a study of its population, organi- 
zation, program of studies, methods, staff, and other similar topics, 
together with their implication for prospective teachers. Joyal. 

Ed. 112 f. Educational Sociology — Introductory (2). 

This course deals with certain considerations as derived from the data 
of the social sciences which are germane to the work of teachers and 
school administrators. Prominent among those treated are the following: 
democratic ideology as the value benchmark for all educational endeavor; 
educational tasks imposed by population and technological trends; the 
distribution of welfare and its educational consequences; the welfare 
status of the school population and the consequent demands made upon 
the school; the selective character of the school in welfare terms and the 
educational implications of this class structuring; the socio-economic com- 
position and attitudes of school board members, school administrators 
and teachers, and the limiting conditions which these impose upon the 
work of the school; the problem of securing academic freedom in the 
schools; the community approach to education. Hand. 

Ed. 114 s. Guidance in the Schools (3). 

This course is primarily designed for the classroom teacher in terms 
of the day-by-day demands made upon him as a teacher in the guidance of 
the youth in his classes and in the extra-class activities which he sponsors. 
The stress throughout will be upon practical common-sense guidance pro- 
cedures of demonstrated workability. A variety of practical use-materials 
helpful in the guidance of youth will be examined. Hand. 

See also Agricultural Education and Rural Life. 

Courses for Graduates 

Ed. 200 f. The Organization and Administration of Public Education (2). 

This course deals with so-called "external" phases of school administra- 
tion. It includes study of the present status of public school administra- 
tion, organization of local, state, and federal education authorities, and 
the administrative relationships involved therein. Joyal. 

Ed. 202 s. The Organization, Administration, and Supervision of Sec- 
ondary Schools (2). 

This course is designed as a continuation of Ed. 200, but may be taken 
independently. It includes what is called "internal" administration; the 
organization of units within a school system, the personnel problems 
involved, and such topics as schedule making, teacher selection, public 
relations, and school supervision. Joyal. 

Ed. 203 s. High School Supervision (2). 

This course will deal with the nature and functions of supervision in a 
modern school program; recent trends in supervisory theory and practice; 



EDUCATION 55 

teacher participation in the determination of policies; planning of 
supervisory programs; appraisal of teaching methods; curriculum reor- 
ganization and other direct and indirect means for the improvement of 
instruction. Joyal. 

Ed. 212 s. Educational Sociology — Advanced (2). 

This course is essentially a continuation of Ed. 112 f in that it is 
designed further to round out the study of various considerations derived 
from the data of the social sciences which are pertinent to the work of all 
public school educators. However, Ed. 112 f is not required as a pre- 
requisite. 

The educational implications of such topics as the following are studied: 
role of an ideology, national defense crisis, status of civil liberties, deple- 
tion status of natural resources, folklore of education, interest and pres- 
sure groups, press, radio, pictures, economic myths, behavior of electorate, 
youth problems, consumer behavior, recreational trends, occupational 
trends, safety, teachers' organizations, and follow-up studies. Hand. 

Ed. 216 s. School Finance and Business Administration (2). 

This course deals principally with these topics: school revenue and 
taxation; federal and state aid and equilization; purchase of supplies and 
equipment; internal school accounting; and other selected problems of 
local school finance. Joyal. 

Students qualifying for the degree of Master of Education will elect 
the required four semester hours of seminar work from the following 
list of seminars (Ed. 220-Ed. 234, inclusive). These courses are open for 
election by any other graduate student. 

Ed. 220 f. Seminar in Secondary Education (2). Hand. 

Ed. 222 f. Seminar in Adult Education (2). Benjamin. 

Ed. 224 s. Seminar in History of Education (2). Long. 

Ed. 226 f. Seminar in Administration (2). Joyal. 

Ed. 228 s. Seminar in Special Education (2). Cain. 

Ed. 230 f. Seminar in Science Education (2). Brechbill. 

Ed. 232 s. Seminar in Guidance (2). Hand. 

Ed. 234 s. Seminar in Comparative Education (2). Benjamin. 

Ed. B 236 f or s. Seminar in Vocational Education (2), commonly given 
in the summer session and in the Baltimore division, may be used to 
satisfy this requirement. 



56 EDUCATION 

Ed. Psych. 210 y. Seminar in Educational Psychology (6) may also be 
used to satisfy this requirement. 

Phys. Ed. 201 f or s. Problems of Health and Physical Education (3) 

may also be used to satisfy this requirement. 



B. Educational Psychology 

For full descriptions of these courses, see Psychology, p. 100. 

Psych. 110 f or s. Advanced Educational Psychology (3). 

Psych. 125 f. Child Psychology (3). 

Psych. 130 f or s. Mental Hygiene (3). 

Psych. 210 y. Seminar in Educational Psychology (6). 

C. Methods in High School Subjects 

Courses for Graduates and Advanced Undergraduates 

Graduate credit for courses in this section will be given only by special 
permission of the Department of Education and the Graduate School. 

Ed. 120 s. Curriculum, Instruction, and Observation — English (3). 

Prerequisite, Psych. 10. 

Objectives in English in the different types of high schools; selection 
and organization of subject matter in terms of modern practice and group 
needs; evaluation of texts and references; bibliographies; methods of 
procedure and types of lessons; the use of auxiliary materials; lessons 
plans; measuring results. Twenty periods of observation. Smith. 

Ed. 122 s. Curriculum, Instruction, and Observation — Social Studies (3). 
Prerequisite, Psych. 10. 

Objectives and present trends in the social studies; texts and bibli- 
ographies; methods of procedure and types of lessons; the use of auxiliary 
materials; lesson plans; measuring results. Twenty periods of observation. 

Ed. 124 s. Curriculum, Instruction, and Observation — Foreign Language 
(3). Prerequisite, Psych. 10. 

Objectives of foreign language teaching in the high school; selection 
and organization of subject matter in relation to modern practice and 
group needs; evaluation of texts and references; bibliographies; methods 
of procedure and types of lessons; lesson plans; special devices; measur- 
ing results. Twenty periods of observation. 



EDUCATION 57 

Ed. 126 s. Curriculum, Instruction, and Observation — Science (3). Pre- 
requisite, Psych. 10. 

Objectives of science teaching, their relation to the general objectives 
of secondary education; application of the principles of psychology and of 
teaching to the science class-room situation; selection and organization 
of subject matter; history, trends, and status; textbooks, reference 
works, and laboratory equipment; technic of class room and laboratory; 
measurement, standardized tests; professional organizations and litera- 
ture. Twenty periods of observation. Brechbill. 

Ed. 128 s. Curriculum, Instruction, and Observation — Mathematics (3). 

Prerequisite, Psych. 10. 

Objectives; the place of mathematics in secondary education; content 
and construction of courses; recent trends; textbooks and equipment; 
methods of instruction; measurement and standardized tests; professional 
organizations and literature. Twenty periods of observation. Brechbill. 

Note: See also H. E. Ed. 103 f or s. Teaching Secondary Vocational 
Home Economics; Ind. Ed. 162 s, Curriculum, Instruction, and Observa- 
tion — Industrial Education; Ed. 142 f. Curriculum, Instruction, and 
Observation — Physical Education. 

Ed. 138 f. Visual Education (2). 

Visual impressions in their relation to learning; investigations into the 
effectiveness of instruction by visual means; projection apparatus, its 
cost and operation; slides, film strips, and films; physical principles under- 
lying projection; the integration of visual materials with organized 
courses of study; means of utilizing commercial moving pictures as an 
aid in realizing the aims of the school. Brechbill. 



D. Commercial Education 

Courses for Graduates and Advanced Undergraduates 

Ed. 150 f, 151 s. Curriculum, Instruction, and Observation — Commercial 
Subjects (2, 2). Prerequisite, Psych. 10. 

Aims and methods for the teaching of shorthand, typewriting, and 
bookkeeping in high schools. Twenty periods of observation. 

E. Home Economics Education 

Courses for Graduates and Advanced Undergraduates 

H. E. Ed. 101 s. Curriculum, Instruction, and Observation — Home 
Economics (3). Prerequisite, Psych. 10. 

Philosophy of homemaking education; community surveys; analysis of 
characteristics, interests, and needs of the high school girl; selection of 
illustrative material; the home project. McNaughton. 

H. E. Ed. 105 f or s. Special Problems, Child Study (4). McNaughton. 



58 



EDUCATION 



Courses for Graduates 

H. E. Ed. 201 f or s. Advanced Methods of Teaching Home Economics 
(2-4). 

Study of social trends as applied to the teaching of home economics. 

McNaughton. 

H. E. Ed. 250 y. Seminar in Home Economics Education (2-4). 

McNaughton. 



F. Industrial Education 

Courses for Graduates and Advanced Undergraduates 

Ind. Ed. 160 y. Essentials of Design (2). Prerequisites, Ind. Ed. If, 
2 s, or equivalent. 

A study of the basic principles of design and practice in their applica- 
tion to the construction of high school shop projects. It presents knowl- 
edge and develops abilities in the art elements of line, mass, color, and 
design, and employs laboratory activities in freehand and mechanical 
drawing, tracing, and blue-printing. Gallington. 

Ind. Ed. 162 s. Curriculum, Instruction, and Observation — Industrial 
Education (3). Prerequisite, Psych. 10. 

Major functions and specific aims of industrial education; their relation 
to the general objectives of the junior and senior high schools; selection 
and organization of subject matter in terms of modern practices and 
needs; methods of instruction; expected outcomes; measuring results; 
professional standards. Twenty periods of observation. 

Brown, Gallington. 

Ind. Ed. 164 s. Shop Organization and Management (2). 

This course recapitulates methods of organization and management 
for teaching shop subjects. It includes organization and management of 
pupils; daily programs; projects; pupils' progress charts; selection, loca- 
tion, and care of tools, machines, equipment, and supplies; records and 
reports; and good school housekeeping. Opportunity is provided for 
visits to industrial plants as a basis for more practical planning of shop 
instruction and management. Brown. 

Ind. Ed. 167 y. General Shop (4). 

A general survey course designed to meet teacher training needs in 
organizing and administering a high school General Shop course. Special 
teaching methods are emphasized as students are rotated through skill 
and knowledge developing activities in mechanical drawing, electricity, 
woodworking, and general metal working. Gallington. 

For courses offered in Baltimore, consult the "Department of Industrial 
Education Announcement of Baltimore Education Courses" issued in 
August, 1941. Address Professor Glen D. Brown, Department of Indus- 
trial Education, University of Maryland, Lombard and Greene Streets, 
Baltimore, Maryland. 



ENGINEERING 59 

G. Physical Education 

Courses for Graduates and Advanced Undergraduates 

Ed. 142 f. Curriculum, Instruction, and Observation — Physical Educa- 
tion (3). Prerequisite, Psych. 10. 

Materials and procedures in relation to program planning, physical 
examinations, records, grading, directed observation, reports, conferences 
and criticisms. Twenty periods of observation. 

Courses for Graduates 

Phys. Ed. 201 f or s. Problems of Health and Physical Education (3). 

This course is designed to aid in solving the multitude of problems that 
arise in the administration of health and physical education in public 
schools. An attempt will be made to set up standards for evaluating the 
effectiveness of programs of health and physical education. 



ENGINEERING 
A. Chemical Engineering 

Courses for Graduates and Advanced Undergraduates 

Ch. E. 103 y. Elements of Chemical Engineering (6) — Three lectures. 
Prerequisites, Chem. 8 A y and 8 B y, Phys. 2 y. 

Theoretical discussion of general underlying philosophy and methods 
in chemical engineering, such as presentation of data, material balances, 
and heat balances. Illustrated by consideration of typical unit operations, 
including problems. 

Ch. E. 104 y. Chemical Engineering Seminar (2). 

Students prepare reports on current problems in chemical engineering 
and participate in the discussion of such reports. 

Ch. E. 105 y. Advanced Unit Operations (10) — Two lectures, three 
laboratories. Prerequisites, Ch. E. 103 y and Chem. 102 A y. 

Advanced theoretical treatment of fluid flow, heat flow, evaporation, 
humidity, distillation, absorption, scrubbing, and analogous unit opera- 
tions typical of chemical engineering. Problems and laboratory operation 
of small scale semi-commercial type equipment. A comprehensive problem 
involving theory and laboratory operations is included to illustrate the 
development of a plant design problem that requires the utilization of a 
number of the fundamental topics. 

Ch. E. 106 y. Minor Problems (13). Prerequisite, permission of De- 
partment of Chemical Engineering. Completion of, or simultaneous 
registration in, Ch. E. 105 y will ordinarily be required. (Not given in 
1941-1942.) 



60 ENGINEERING 

Original work on a special problem assigned to each student, including 
preparation of a complete report covering the study. 

Ch. E. 107 y. Fuels and their Utilization (4) — Two lectures. Prereq- 
uisite, registration in Ch. E. 103 y or permission of Department of 
Chemical Engineering. 

A study of the sources of solid, liquid, and gaseous fuels, their economic 
conversion, distribution, and utilization. Problems. Huff. 

Ch. E. 108 y. Chemical Technology (4) — Two lectures. Prerequisite, 
registration in Ch. E. 103 y or permission of Department of Chemical 
Engineering. 

A study of the principal chemical industries. Plant inspections, trips, 
reports, and problems. Machwart. 

Ch. E. 109 y. Chemical Engineering Thermodynamics (4) — Two lec- 
tures. Prerequisites, Chem. 102 A y and Ch. E. 103 y. 

A study of the application of the principles of engineering and chemical 
thermodynamics to some industrial problems encountered in the practice 
of chemical engineering. 

Ch. E. 110 y. Chemical Engineering Calculations (9) — Three lectures, 
fall semester; six lectures, spring semester. Prerequisites, Math. 23 y, 
and Ch. E. 103 y. 

A study of methods for analyzing chemical engineering problems along 
quantitative and mathematical lines, with the calculus and other mathe- 
matical aids such as infinite series and Bessel's functions. Emphasis is 
placed on graphical presentations and the engineering utility of the 
results. 

Courses for Graduates 

Ch. E. 201 y. Graduate Unit Operations (10 or more). Prerequisite, 
permission of Department of Chemical Engineering. 

Advanced theoretical treatment of typical unit operations in chemical 
engineering. Problems. Laboratory operation of small scale semi- 
commercial type equipment with supplementary reading, conferences 
and reports. Huff. 

Ch. E. 202 s. Gas Analysis (3) — Lecture; two laboratories. Prereq- 
uisite, permission of Department of Chemical Engineering. 

Quantitative determination of common gases, fuel gases, gaseous vapors 
and important gaseous impurities. Problems. Huff, Machwart. 

Ch. E. 207 A f, 208 A s. Plant Design Studies (3, 3)— Three lectures. 

An examination of the fundamentals entering into the selection of pro- 
cesses, the specifications for and choice and location of equipment and 
plant sites. Problems. Huff. 



ENGINEERING 61 

Ch. E. 207 Bf, 208 Bs. Plant Design Studies Laboratory (2, 2). Six 

hours of laboratory work which may be elected, to accompany or to follow 
Ch. E. 207 A and 208 A. Machwart. 

Ch. E. 209 y. Gaseous Fuels (4) — Two lectures. Prerequisite, permis- 
sion of Department of Chemical Engineering. 

An advanced treatment of some of the underlying scientific principles 
involved in the production, transmission, and utilization of gaseous fuels. 
Problem in the design and selection of equipment. Huff. 

Ch. E. 203 f, 204 s. Graduate Seminar (1, 1). Required of all graduate 
students in chemical engineering. 

Students prepare reports on current problems in chemical engineering 
and participate in the discussion of such reports. Staff. 

Ch. E. 205. Research. 

The investigation of special problems and the preparation of a thesis 
in partial fulfillment of the requirements of an advanced degree. 



B. Civil Engineering 

Courses for Graduates and Advanced Undergraduates 

C. E. 101 s. Hydraulics (4) — Three lectures; one laboratory. Prereq- 
uisite, Mech. 101 f. 

Hydrostatic pressures on tanks, dams, and pipes. Flow through orifices, 
nozzles, pipe lines, open channels, and weirs. Use of Reynold's number. 
Measurement of water. Elementary hydrodynamics. Ernst. 

C. E. 102 s. Hydraulics (3) — Two lectures; one laboratory. Prerequisite, 
Mech. 101 f or Mech. 102 f. 

A shorter course than C. E. 101 s, with emphasis on water wheels, 
turbines, and centrifugal pumps. Lowe, Sherwood. 

C. E. 103 f. Curves and Earthwork (3) — Two lectures; one laboratory. 

Prerequisite, Surv. 2 y. 

Computation and field work for simple, compound, and reversed circular 
curves; transition curves; vertical and horizontal parabolic curves. Pre- 
liminary and final location survey, cross-sectioning, and computation of 
earth work, including haul and mass diagram. Allen. 

C. E. 104 s. Theory of Structures (5) — Four lectures; one laboratory. 
Prerequisite, Mech. 101 f. 

Analytical and graphical determination of dead and live load stresses in 
framed structures. Influence lines for reactions, shears, moments, and 
stresses. Analysis of lateral bracing systems. Elements of slope and 
deflection; rigid frames. Allen. 



62 ENGINEERING 

C. E. 105 f. Elements of Highways (3) — Two lectures; one laboratory. 
Prerequisite, Mech. 101 f. 

Location, design, construction, and maintenance of roads and pavements. 
Field inspection trips. Steinberg. 

C. E. 106 y. Concrete Design (7) — Three lectures, one laboratory, first 
semester; two lectures, one laboratory, second semester. Prerequisite, 
C. E. 104 s. 

A continuation of C. E. 104 s, with special application to the design and 
detailing of plain and reinforced concrete structures, which include slabs, 
columns, footings, beam bridges, arches, retaining walls, and dams. Appli- 
cations of slope-deflection and moment distribution theories and rigid 
frames. Allen. 

C. E. 107 y. Structural Design (7) — Three lectures, one laboratory, 
first semester; two lectures, one laboratory, second semester. Prerequisite, 
C. E. 104 s. 

A continuation of C. E. 104 s, with special application to the design and 
detailing of structural steel sections, members and their connections, for 
roof trusses, plate girders, highway and railway bridges, buildings, brac- 
ing systems, and grillage foundations. Allen. 

C. E. 108 y. Municipal Sanitation (6) — Two lectures; one laboratory. 
Prerequisite, C. E. 101 s. 

Methods of estimating consumption and designing water supply and 
sewerage systems. Hall. 

C. E. 110 s. Soils and Foundations (3) — Two lectures; one laboratory. 
Prerequisite, C. E. 104 s. 

An introductory study of the properties and behavior of soil as an 
engineering material. Applications to engineering construction. Lowe. 

Courses for Graduates 

C. E. 201 f. Advanced Properties of Materials (3). Prerequisite, Mech. 
103 s or equivalent. 

A critical study of elastic and plastic properties, flow of materials, 
resistance to failure by fracture, impact, and corrosion, the theories of 
failure. Assigned reading from current literature. Ernst. 

C. E. 202 f. Advanced Strength of Materials (3). Prerequisite, Mech. 
101 f or equivalent. 

Special problems in engineering stress analysis. Limitations of flexure 
and torsion formulas, unsymmetrical bending, curved beams, combined 
stresses, thin tubes, thick-walled cylinders, and flat plates. Ernst. 

C. E. 203 s. Applied Elasticity (3). Prerequisite, Math. 114 f or equiva- 
lent. 



ENGINEERING 63 

Two dimensional elastic problems, general stress-strain analysis in 
three dimensions, stability of beams, columns, and thin plates. Ernst. 

C. E. 204 f. Soil Mechanics (3). Prerequisite, C. E. 110 s or equivalent. 

A detailed study of the properties of engineering soils. Assigned 

reading from current literature. Lowe. 

C. E. 205 s. Advanced Foundations (3). Prerequisite, C. E. 106 y or 
equivalent. 

A detailed study of types of foundations. Design and construction to 
meet varying soil conditions. Allen. 

C. E. 206 s. Highway Engineering (3). Prerequisite, C. E. 105 f or 
equivalent. 

An intensive course in the location, design and construction of highways. 

Steinberg. 

C. E. 207 y. Theory of Concrete Mixtures (6). Prerequisite, Mech. 103 s 
or equivalent. 

A tho.rough review of the methods for the design of concrete mixtures, 
followed by a study of factors affecting the properties of the resulting 
concrete. This course is intended as a background for work in the field 
of concrete, concrete aggregates, or reinforced concrete. Walker, Ernst. 

C. E. 208. Research. Credit in accordance with work outlined. 
The investigation of special problems and the preparation of a thesis in 
partial fulfillment of the requirements for an advanced degree. Staff. 

C. Mechanical Engineering 

Courses for Graduates and Advanced Undergraduates 

M. E. 101 f. Principles of Mechanical Engineering (3) — Two lectures, 
one laboratory. Prerequisites, Math. 23 y and Phys. 2 y. 

Elementary thermodynamics and the study of heat, fuel, and combus- 
tion in the production and use of steam for the generation of power. 
Includes study of fundamental types of steam boilers, fuel burning equip- 
ment, prime movers, and their allied apparatus. Supplemented by 
laboratory tests and trips to industrial plants. Sherwood. 

M. E. 102 f. Thermodynamics (3) — Three lectures. Prerequisites, 
Math. 23 y and Phys. 2 y. 

The theory and application of thermodynamics to the steam engine, 
steam turbine, nozzles. The property of vapors, cycles of heat and 
entropy, including discussion of machines and their uses. Green. 

M. E. 103 s. Power Plants (3) — Two lectures; one laboratory. 
A study of heat, fuel and combustion in the production and use of steam 
for the generation of power. Includes the theory and operation of steam 



64 ENGINEERING 

engines, boilers, condensers, steam turbines, and their accessories. 
Practical power problems as applied to typical power plants, supplemented 
by laboratory tests and trips to industrial plants. Green. 

M. E. 104 y. Thermodynamics (5) — Two lectures, first semester; three 
lectures, second semester. Prerequisite, Math. 23 y and Phys. 2 y. 

The properties and fundamental equations of gases and vapors. Thermo- 
dynamics of heat cycles, air compressors, and steam engines. 

Huckert, Sherwood. 

M. E. 105 s. Aerodynamics and Hydrodynamics (3) — Three lectures. 
Prerequisites, Math. 23 y, Phys. 2. 

A study of the fundamental principles of the flow of air and of water. 
Applications with special reference to the airplane; airfoil and propeller 
theory; theory of model testing in wind tunnels; design performance 
calculations of airplanes. Younger. 

M. E. 106 f. Heating and Ventilation (3) — Two lectures; one laboratory. 
Prerequisite, M. E. 103 y. 

The study of types of heating and ventilating systems for a particular 
building; layout of piping and systems, with complete calculations and 
estimates of costs; fundamentals of air conditioning. Dill. 

M. E. 107 s. Refrigeration (3) — Two lectures; one laboratory. Pre- 
requisite, M. E. 103 y. 

Problems involving the different methods and processes of refrigera- 
tion. Air conditioning for offices, buildings, factories and homes. Dill. 

M. E. 109 y. Prime Movers (8) — Three lectures; one laboratory. Pre- 
requisites, Mech. 101 f, C. E. 102 s. 

A course covering the use of prime movers to convert heat into power. 
It includes a study of heat, fuels and combustion processes followed by the 
theory, construction and operation of internal combustion engines, steam 
engines, boilers, condensers, steam turbines and their auxiliary equip- 
ment. Theory is supplemented by practical problems and by laboratory 
tests. The entire course is closely integrated with the Mechanical 
Laboratory course. Green. 

M. E. 110 y. Mechanical Engineering Design (7) — Two lectures; two 
laboratories, first semester; one lecture, two laboratories, second semester. 
Prerequisite, Mech. 101 f and M. E. 102 y. 

A course embracing the kinematics and dynamics of machinery and the 
design of machine members and mechanisms. Special problems on the 
balancing, vibration, and critical speeds of machine members are treated. 

Huckert. 

M. E. Ill y. Mechanical Laboratory (4) — One lecture, one laboratory. 

Calibration of instruments, gauges, indicators, steam, gas and water 

meters. Indicated and brake horsepower of steam and internal combustion 



ENGLISH LANGUAGE AND LITERATURE 65 

engines, setting of valves, tests for economy and capacity of boilers, 
engines, turbines, pumps, and other prime movers. Feed water heaters 
and condensers; B.T.U. analysis of solid, gaseous, and liquid fuels, and 
power plant tests. Younger and staff. 

M. E. 112 y. Airplane Structures (6) — Three lectures. Prerequisite, 
M. E. 105 s. 

The fundamental principles of structural analysis and design of air- 
planes. The air worthiness requirements of the Civil Aeronautical 
Authority and the design requirements of the government service 
branches are given. Younger. 

Courses for Graduates 

M. E. 201 y. Advanced Statics and Dynamics of Machinery (6) — Three 
lectures. Prerequisites, Mech. 101 f and Math. 114 f, or equivalent. 

Analysis of motions and forces in machines. Vibrations, and vibration 
damping. Noise elimination. Critical speeds of shafts and discs. Labora- 
tory demonstrations. Younger. 

M. E. 202 y. Advanced Aircraft Structures (6) — Three lectures. Pre- 
requisite, M. E. 112 y or equivalent. 

Methods of analysis in advanced problems of designing. Study of 
research reports in aircraft structures. Wickersham, Younger. 

M. E. 203 y. Advanced Hydrodynamics and Aerodynamics (6) — Three 
lectures. Prerequisite, M. E. 105 s or equivalent. 

Theoretical and experimental study of the flow of fluids. Wickersham. 

M. E. 204 y. Advanced Thermodynamics and Heat Transfer (6) — Three 
lectures. Prerequisites, M. E. 104 y and M. E. 109 y, or equivalent. 

Application of the laws of thermodynamics to industrial processes. 
Energy transfer by radiation, conduction, and convection. Green. 

M. E. 205 y. Seminar in Mechanical Engineering (2-6) — Credit in ac- 
cordance with work outlined. 

Seminars may be organized in any field of mechanical engineering for 
the study of general theory or specific problems. Staff. 



ENGLISH LANGUAGE AND LITERATURE 

Special Departmental Requirements for Degrees, in Addition to the 
General Requirements of the Graduate School. 

Master of Arts 

1. Candidates for the degree of Master of Arts in the Department of 
English must demonstrate a reading knowledge of French or German at 
the time of admission, or not later than six months before taking the 
degree. 



66 ENGLISH LANGUAGE AND LITERATURE 



2. In the thesis the candidate will be expected to demonstrate his 
ability to use the ordinary methods of research in the discovery of knowl- 
edge and to organize and present his findings in a clear, effective English 

style. 

3. The final examination will be based in part upon the courses pursued 
and in part upon first-hand knowledge of all the literary works included 
in the departmental list of reading for the Master's degree. The examina- 
tion will test the candidate's powers of analysis and criticism. 

Major work in the department may be elected in any of the following 
fields, the requirements of which are listed below. 

a. Major work in English literature: Old English, and at least six hours 
from seminar courses in Medieval Romance, the Elizabethan period, the 
Eighteenth Century, The Romantic period, the Victorian period. 

b. Major work in American literature; the seminar in American litera- 
ture, and at least six hours from the advanced undergraduate courses in 
American literature. 

c. Major work in drama: History of the Theatre, and at least six hours 
from the following: Introduction to Comparative Literature (first 
semester), Medieval Drama, Elizabethan Drama, Modern Drama, Con- 
temporary Drama, American Drama, The Faust Legend, The Modern 
German Drama, Spanish Drama, Ibsen. 

d. Major work in philology: Old English, Beowulf, Seminar in Old 
English Poetry, Middle English, Gothic, and either Medieval Romance or 
Chaucer. 

e. General major (designed chiefly for teachers in secondary schools): 
Old English, and at least six hours from the following groups: Elizabethan 
Drama, or an Elizabethan seminar; Milton; the Eighteenth Century; 
Prose and Poetry of the Romantic Age or Seminar in the Romantic 
Period; Contemporary American Prose and Poetry or the American 
seminar; Victorian Prose and Poetry or Seminar in the Victorian Period; 
The English Novel; Advanced Writing. 

Minor work may also be elected in these fields, but no major and minor 
combination of a. and e. will be permitted. 



Doctor of Philosophy 

Each candidate must have the following courses: 

a. Three credit hours in Comparative Literature. 

b. Six credit hours in Old English (Eng. 102 f, 103 s, and 212 s). 

c. Four credit hours in the Middle English Language (Eng. 202 f) 
and Gothic (Eng. 203 s). 



ENGLISH LANGUAGE AND LITERATURE 67 

Candidates must pass a comprehensive written examination, preferably 
one year before they expect to be awarded degrees. This examination 
will include linguistics (morphology and phonology) and each of the major 
literary fields, from which the candidate may select two for particularly 
detailed examination, specifically: Old English, Middle English, the 
Drama, the Sixteenth and Seventeenth Centuries, the Eighteenth Century, 
the Nineteenth Century, American Literature. 

Courses for Graduates and Advanced Undergraduates 

Eng. 101 s. History of the English Language (3) — Three lectures. 
Prerequisite, Eng. 14 f . 

An historical survey of the English language; its nature, origin and 
development, with special stress upon structural and phonetic changes in 
English speech and upon the rules which govern modern usage. Harman. 

Eng. 102 f. Old English (3)— Three lectures. Prerequisite, Eng. 14 f. 
A study of Old English grammar and literature. Lectures on the 
principles of phonetics and comparative philology. Ball. 

Eng. 103 s. Beowulf (3) — Three lectures. Prerequisite, Eng. 102 f . 

A study of the Old English epic in the original. Ball. 

Eng. 104 f. Chaucer (3) — Three lectures. Prerequisites, Eng. 2 f and 3 s. 

A study of the Canterbury Tales, Troilus and Criseyde, and the princi- 
pal minor poems, with lectures and readings on the social background of 
Chaucer's time. Hale. 

Eng. 105 f. Medieval Drama in England (3) — Three lectures. Prereq- 
uisites, Eng. 2 f and 3 s. 

A study of the development of medieval English drama from its begin- 
ning to 1540. Class discussion of significant plays, outside reading, 
reports. Fitzhugh. 

Eng. 106 s. Elizabethan Drama (3) — Three lectures. Prerequisites, 
Eng. 2 f and 3 s. 

A study of the change in spirit and form of English drama from 1540 
to 1640, as seen in the works of the important dramatists other than 
Shakespeare. Class discussion of significant plays, outside reading, written 
dramatic criticisms. Zeeveld. 

Eng. 107 s. Renaissance Poetry and Prose (3) — Three lectures. Pre- 
requisites, Eng. 2f and 3 s. (Not given in 1941-1942.) 

A study of the literary manifestations of humanism and the new 
national spirit in sixteenth-century England, with emphasis on the prose 
works of More, Lyly, Sidney, Hooker, Bacon, and the translators of the 
Bible, and on the poetry of Spenser. Zeeveld. 

Eng. 108 f. Milton (2) — Two lectures. Prerequisites, Eng. 2 f and 3 s. 
A study of the poetry and the chief prose works. Murphy. 



68 ENGLISH LANGUAGE AND LITERATURE 

Eng. 109 f. Literature of the Seventeenth Century to 1660 (2) — Two 

lectures. Prerequisites, Eng. 2 f and 3 s. 

A study of the chief prose writers and of the Metaphysical and Cavalier 
traditions in poetry. Murphy. 

Eng. 110 f. The Age of Dryden (2) — Two lectures. Prerequisites, Eng. 
1 y and Eng. 2 f and 3 s. (Not given in 1941-1942.) 

This course emphasizes the relation of literature to the philosophical 
movements of the age. Murphy. 

Eng. Ill f, 112 s. Literature of the Eighteenth Century (2, 2)— Two 

lectures. Prerequisites, Eng. 2 f and 3 s. 

First semester, readings in the period dominated by Defoe, Swift, Addi- 
son, Steele, and Pope. 

Second semester, Dr. Johnson and his circle; the rise of Romanticism; 
the Letter Writers. Fitzhugh. 

Eng. 113 f, 114 s. Prose and Poetry of the Romantic Age (3, 3)— Three 
lectures. Prerequisites, Eng. 1 y and Eng. 2 f and 3 s. 

First semester, a study of the development of the Romantic movement 
in England as exemplified by the prose and poetry of Wordsworth, Cole- 
ridge, Lamb, DeQuincy, and others. 

Second semester, a study of the later Romantic writers, including 
Byron, Shelley, Keats, and others. Hale. 

Eng. 115 f. Scottish Poetry (2) — Two lectures. Prerequisites, Eng. 
2f and 3 s. No knowledge of the Scottish dialect required. (Not given 
in 1941-1942.) 

Readings in the Scottish Chaucerians; Drummond of Hawthornden; 
song and ballad literature; poets of the vernacular revival: Ramsey, Fer- 
guson, and Burns. Papers and reports. Fitzhugh. 

Eng. 116 f, 117 s. Victorian Prose and Poetry (3, 3) — Three lectures. 
Prerequisites, Eng. 2 f and 3 s. 

A study of the chief English authors of the nineteenth century from the 
close of the Romantic Period. Cooley. 

Eng. 118 s. Modern and Contemporary British Poets (3) — Three lec- 
tures. Prerequisites, Eng. 2 f and 3 s. 

A study of the chief English and Irish poets of the twentieth century. 

Murphy. 

Eng. 120 f, 121 s. The History and Development of the Novel in England 
(3, 3) — Three lectures. Prerequisites, Eng. 2f and 3 s. (Not given in 
1941-1942.) 

A study of the origin and development of the novel as a form in 
England. Ide. 



ENGLISH LANGUAGE AND LITERATURE 69 

Eng. 123 f. Modern Drama (3) — Three lectures. Prerequisites, Eng. 
2 f and 3 s. 

A survey of English drama during the two centuries from 1660 to 1860. 
Class discussion of significant plays, outside reading, reports. Fitzhugh. 

Eng. 124 s. Contemporary Drama (3) — Three lectures. Prerequisites, 
Eng. 2 f and 3 s. 

A study of significant European and American dramatists from Ibsen 
to O'Neill. Class discussion of significant plays, outside reading, reports. 

Fitzhugh. 

Eng. 125 f. Emerson, Thoreau, and Whitman (3) — Three lectures. Pre- 
requisites, Eng. 7 f and 8 s. 

A study of the major writings of Emerson, Thoreau, and Whitman, with 
emphasis on transcendentalism, idealism, and democracy. Warfel. 

Eng. 126 s. American Fiction (3) — Three lectures. Prerequisites, Eng. 
7 f and 8 s. 

Historical and critical study of the short story and novel in the United 
States from 1789 to 1920. Warfel. 

Eng. 127 f. Contemporary American Poetry and Prose (3) — Three lec- 
tures. Prerequisites, Eng. 7f and 8 s. (Not given in 1941-1942.) 

Tendencies and forms in non-dramatic literature since 1920. Warfel. 

Eng. 128 s. American Drama (3) — Three lectures. Prerequisites, Eng. 
7f and 8 s. (Not given in 1941-1942.) 

Historical study of representative American plays and playwrights 
from 1789 to 1920. Warfel. 

Eng. 129 f. Types of English Literature (3)— Three lectures. 

An historical and critical survey of the principal types of English 
literature, with especial attention to the influence of classical myth and 
legend and of classical literary ideals upon English and American writers. 

Harman. 

Eng. 135 f. Introduction to Creative Writing (2) — Two lectures. Pre- 
requisites, Eng. 2 f and 3 s. 

Theory and practice in the short story and lyric, with some study of the 
novelette and play at the election of the class. Bryan. 

Eng. 136 s. Magazine Writing (2) — Two lectures. Prerequisites, Eng. 
2 f and 3 s. 

The production and marketing of such literary forms as the magazine 
article, the personal essay, the biographical essay, and the book review. 

Bryan. 

Eng. 137 s. Advanced Creative Writing (2) — Two lectures. Prereq- 
uisites, Eng. 135 f or 136 s, or permission of the instructor after sub- 
mission of an original composition. 



70 ENGLISH LANGUAGE AND LITERATURE 

Study and exercise in original literary expression as an interpretative 
art. Bryan. 

Eng. 140 f. Major American Poets (3) — Three lectures. Prerequisites, 
Eng. 2 f and 3 s. 

Intensive study of the poetry and poetic theories of the major American 
poets since Bryant. 

Eng. 141 s. Major American Prose Writers (3) — Three lectures. Pre- 
requisites, Eng. 2 f and 3 s. 

Intensive study of the major non-fiction prose writers of nineteenth 
century United States. 

Courses for Graduates 

Eng. 200. Seminar in Special Studies (1-3). Credit according to the 
importance of the work assigned. 

Work under personal guidance in some problem of special interest to 
the student but not connected with the thesis. Staff. 

Eng. 201. Research. Credit proportioned to the amount of work and 
ends accomplished. 

Original research and the preparation of dissertations for the doctor's 
degree. Staff. 

Eng. 202 f. Middle English Language (2-3) — Two lectures. Prereq- 
uisites, Eng. 102 f and 103 s. 

A study of readings of the Middle English period, with reference to 
etymology and syntax. Harman. 

Eng. 203 s. Gothic (2)— Two lectures. Prerequisite, Eng. 102 f. 
A study of the forms and syntax, with readings from the Ulfilas Bible. 
Correlation of Gothic speech sounds with those of Old English. Harman. 

Eng. 204 y. Medieval Romance in England (4) — Two lectures. (Not 
given in 1941-1942.) 

Lectures and readings in the cyclical and non-cyclical romances in 
Medieval England, and their sources, including translations from the 
Old French. Hale. 

Eng. 205 s. Seminar in Sixteenth Century Literature (2-3) — Two lec- 
tures. 

Studies and problems in sixteenth century literature other than 
Shakespeare. Zeeveld. 

Eng. 206 y. Seminar in Spenser (4) — Two lectures. 
A survey of the works of Edmund Spenser, with special attention to 
The Faerie Queene. McManaway. 






ENTOMOLOGY 71 

Eng. 207 f. Seminar in Shakespeare (2-3) — Two lectures. Prerequisites, 
Eng. 11 f and Eng. 12 s, or equivalents. 

Studies and problems in Shakespeare. Zeeveld. 

Eng. 208 s. Seminar in Eighteenth Century Literature (2-3) — Two lec- 
tures. 

Intensive study of one man's work or of one important movement of 
the century. Fitzhugh. 

Eng. 209 y. Seminar in American Literature (4-6) — Two lectures. 

Critical and biographical problems in nineteenth century American 
literature. The subject for 1941-1942 will be: First semester, the major 
writings of C. B. Brown, Hawthorne, and Poe; second semester, Harte, 
Twain, and Howells. Warfel. 

Eng. 210 f. Seminar in the Romantic Period (2-3) — Two lectures. Pre- 
requisites, Eng. 113 f and 114 s, or an equivalent satisfactory to the 
instructor. One discussion period of two hours. 

Special studies of problems or persons associated with the Romantic 
movement. The subject matter of the course will vary with the interests 
of the class. Hale. 

Eng. 211 y. Seminar in the Victorian Period (4-6) — Two or three lec- 
tures. Prerequisites, Eng. 116 f and 117 s, or the permission of the 
instructor. 

Special studies of problems or persons in the Victorian Age. The sub- 
ject matter of the course will vary with the interests of the class. 

Cooley. 

Eng. 212 s. Old English Poetry (2-3)— Two lectures. Prerequisite, 
Eng. 102 f or equivalent. 

A study of Old English poetic masterpieces other than the Beowulf. 

Ball. 



ENTOMOLOGY 

Courses for Graduates and Advanced Undergraduates 

Ent. 101 y. Economic Entomology (4) — Two lectures. (Not offered in 
1941-1942.) 

An intensive study of the problems of applied entomology, including life 
history, ecology, behavior, distribution, parasitism, and control. Cory. 

Ent. 103 y. Seminar (2). 

Presentation of original work, book reviews, and abstracts of the more 
important literature. Cory, Knight. 

Ent. 104 f and s. Insect Pests of Special Groups (6) — Two lectures; 
one laboratory. Prerequisite, Ent. 1 f or s. 



72 ENTOMOLOGY 

A study of the principal insect pests of one or more of the following 
groups, founded upon food preferences and habitat. The course is in- 
tended to give the general student a comprehensive view of the insects 
that are of importance in his major field of interest, and detailed infor- 
mation to the student specializing in entomology. 

Insect Pests of: 1, Fruit; 2, Vegetables; 3, Flowers, both in the open 
and under glass; 4, Ornamental and shade trees; 5, Forests; 6, Field 
crops; 7, Stored products; 8, Live stock; 9, The household. Cory. 

Ent. 105 f. Medical Entomology (2) — Two lectures. Prerequisite, Ent. 
1 f or s, and consent of instructor. 

The relation of insects to diseases of man, directly and as carriers of 
pathogenic organisms. Control of pests of man. The fundamentals of 
parasitology. Knight. 

Ent. 106 s. Insect Taxonomy (3) — Two lectures; one laboratory. 
An advanced course dealing with the principles and practices under- 
lying modern systematic entomology. Gurney. 

Ent. 107 s. Theory of Insecticides (2) — Two lectures. 

The development and use of contact and stomach poisons, with regard 
to their chemistry, toxic action, compatibility, and foliage injury. Recent 
work with insecticides will be especially emphasized. Ditman. 

Ent. 109 s. Insect Physiology (2) — Two lectures, occasional demonstra- 
tions. Enrollment subject to consent of instructor. 

The functioning of the insect body with particular reference to blood, 
circulation, digestion, absorption, respiration, reflex action and the nervous 
system, metabolism, and excretion. Yeager. 

Ent. 110 f or s. Special Problems. Credit and prerequisite to be deter- 
mined by the staff. 

The intensive investigation of some entomological subject. 

Cory and staff. 

Ent. Ill s. Coccidology (2) — Two laboratories. 

A study of morphology, taxonomy, and biology of the higher groups of 
the scale insects. The techniques of preparation and microscopy are 
emphasized. Laboratory studies are supplemented by occasional lectures. 

McConnell. 

Courses for Graduates 

Ent. 201. Advanced Entomology (1-3). 

Studies in minor problems in morphology, taxonomy, and applied ento- 
mology, with praticular reference to preparation for individual research. 

Cory. 

Ent. 202. Research. 

Advanced students having sufficient preparation, with approval of the 
head of the department, may undertake supervised research in morphol- 



HISTORY 73 

ogy, taxonomy, or biology and control of insects. Frequently the students 
may be allowed to work on Station or State Horticultural Department 
projects. The student's work may form a part of the final report on the 
project and be published in bulletin form. A dissertation, suitable for 
publication, must be submitted at the close of the studies as a part of the 
requirements for an advanced degree. Cory and staff. 

Ent. 203 f. Insect Morphology (2-4) — Two lectures, and laboratory work 
by special arrangement, to suit individual needs. 

Insect anatomy with special relation to function. Given particularly in 
preparation for work in physiology and other advanced studies. 

Snodgrass. 

Ent. 204 y. Economic Entomology (6) — Three lectures. (Not offered 
in 1941-1942.) 

Studies of the principles underlying applied entomology, and the most 
significant advances in all phases of entomology. Cory. 

Ent. 205 s. Insect Ecology (2) — One lecture, one laboratory. 

A study of the fundamental factors involved in the relationship of in- 
sects to their environment. Emphasis is placed on the insect as a dynamic 
organism adjusted to the environment. Langford. 



HISTORY 

Special Departmental Requirements for Degrees, in Addition to the 
General Requirements of the Graduate School. 

Master of Arts 

Eight to ten semester hours of the total major course requirement of 
all candidates for this degree must be acquired in the general field of the 
thesis, i. e., European History or American History, as the case may be. 

Doctor of Philosophy 

1. At least thirty semester hours of the total major course require- 
ment must be acquired in the general field of the thesis, i. e., American 
History or European History, as the case may be. 

2. The preliminary examination for admission to candidacy covers 
both the major and minor fields. 

A. American History 

Courses for Graduates and Advanced Undergraduates 

H. 101 y. American Colonial History (6) — Three lectures. Prerequisite, 
H. 5 f, 6 s, or equivalent. 

A study of the political, economic and social development of the Ameri- 
can people from the discovery of America through the formation of the 
constitution. Baker-Crothers. 



74 HISTORY 

H. 107 f or s. The United States from the Civil War to 1900 (3)— Three 

lectures. Prerequisite, H. 6 s, or equivalent. (Not offered in 1941-1942.) 
Selected topics intended to provide an historical basis for an under- 
standing of problems of the present century. 

H. 108 f or s. The United States in the 20th Century (3)— Three lec- 
tures. Prerequisite, H. 6 s, or equivalent. 

A study of the outstanding economic and political problems and of the 
cultural changes of the last fifty years, with the purpose of under- 
standing our own day. Gewehr. 

H. Ill f, 112 s. Social and Economic History of the United States to 
1860 (3, 3) — Three lectures. Prerequisite, H. 5 f, 6 s, or equivalent. 

First semester, an advanced course giving a synthesis of American life 
in the colonial period. 

Second semester, the period from 1790 to 1860. Baker-Crothers. 

H. 115 y. Constitutional History of the United States (6) — Three lec- 
tures. Prerequisite, H. 5 f, 6 s. 

A study of the historical forces resulting in the formation of the 
constitution, and of the development of American constitutionalism in 
theory and practice thereafter. Thatcher. 

H. 119 f, 120 s. Diplomatic History of the United States (2, 2)— Two 

lectures. Prerequisite, H. 5 f, 6 s, or equivalent. 

An historical study of the diplomatic negotiations and foreign relations 
of the United States from the American Revolution to the present. Dozer. 

H. 121 f, 122 s. History of the American Frontier (3, 3)— Three lec- 
tures. Prerequisite, H. 5 f, 6 s, or equivalent. 

A study of the influence of the westward movement in shaping American 
institutional development. 

First semester, the trans-Allegheny West. 

Second semester, the trans-Mississippi West. Gewehr. 

H. 123 f. The Old South and the Civil War (3)— Three lectures. Pre- 
requisite, H. 5 f , 6 s, or equivalent. 

A study of the institutional and cultural life of the ante-bellum South 
with particular reference to the development of sectionalism and the back- 
ground of the Civil War. Gewehr. 

H. 124 s. Reconstruction and the Recent South (3) — Three lectures. 
Prerequisite, H. 5 f, 6 s, or equivalent. 

Economic, social and political changes in the South after the Civil War. 
Factors and influences shaping the present South and some of the con- 
comitant problems. Gewehr. 

H. 125 f, 126 s. History of Maryland (2, 2) — Two lectures. Prerequisite, 
H. 5 f, 6 s, or equivalent. 



HISTORY 75 

First semester, a survey of the political, social and economic history of 
colonial Maryland. 

Second semester, Maryland's historical development and role as a 
state in the American union. Dozer. 

H. 127 f, 128 s. Latin American History (2, 2) — Two lectures. Prereq- 
uisite, six hours of fundamental courses. 

First semester, a survey of the colonial history of Latin America 
through the wars of independence. 

Second semester, history of the Latin American states from the wars 
of independence to the present, with special attention to Argentina, 
Brazil, Chile, and Mexico, and their relations to the United States. 

Dozer. 

Courses for Graduates 
H. 200. Research. Credit proportioned to the amount of work. Staff. 

H. 201 y. Seminar in American Colonial History (4). Conferences and 
reports in related topics. Baker-Crothers. 

H. 202 f. Historical Criticism and American Bibliography (2). 

Thatcher. 



B. European History 

H. 131 f, 132 s. Ancient History (3, 3) — Three lectures. A general 
survey of the Near East, Greece and Rome. 

First semester, the Near East and Greece; second semester, Rome. 

Highby. 

H. 133 y. Medieval History (6) — Three lectures. Prerequisite, H. 1 y, 
or equivalent. 

A study of the Medieval period with special emphasis on the legacy of 
the Middle Ages. 

H. 135 f, 136 s. Renaissance and Reformation (3, 3) — Three lectures. 
Prerequisite, H. 1 y, or equivalent. (Not offered in 1941-1942.) 

First semester, the Renaissance; second semester, the Reformation. 

H. 137 f, 138 s. Revolutionary and Napoleonic Europe (2, 2) — Two 

lectures. Prerequisite, H. 1 y, or equivalent. (Not offered in 1941-1942.) 
First semester, Revolutionary France and its influence on Europe. 
Second semester, the Napoleonic regime and the balance of power. 

Silver. 

H. 139 f, 140 s. Europe in the Nineteenth Century, 1815-1914 (3, 3)— 

Three lectures and assignments. Prerequisite, H. 1 y, or equivalent. 

A study of the political, economic, social and cultural development of 
Europe from the Congress of Vienna to the World War. Strakhovsky. 



76 HISTORY 

H. 143 f, 144 s. Europe since 1914 (2, 2) — Two lectures and assign- 
ments. Prerequisite, H. 1 y, or equivalent. (Not offered in 1941-1942.) 

A study of the political, economic, social and cultural development of 
Europe with special emphasis towards understanding the two World 
Wars. Strakhovsky. 

H. 151 f, 152 s. Diplomatic History of Europe since 1871 (3, 3)— Three 

lectures and assignments. Prerequisite, H. 1 y, or equivalent. (Not 
offered in 1941-1942.) 

A study of European diplomacy, imperialism and power politics since 
the Franco-Prussian War. Strakhovsky. 

H. 155 f, 156 s. History of Central Europe (3, 3)— Three lectures. Pre- 
requisite, H. 1 y, or equivalent. (Not offered in 1941-1942.) 

The history of Central Europe from 1600 to the World War, with 
special emphasis on Germany and Austria. Prange. 

H. 157 f, 158 s. Central Europe in the World Today (2, 2)— Two lec- 
tures. Prerequisite, H. 1 y, or equivalent. 

An analysis of the origins, the philosophical bases and the influence of 
National Socialism and Hitler. Special emphasis will be placed upon the 
problems involved in the present world conflict. Prange. 

H. 161 f, 162 s. History of the Near East (2, 2)— Two lectures and 
assignments. Prerequisite, H. 1 y, or equivalent. 

First semester, a study of the Balkans and of Turkey to the Congress of 
Berlin of 1878. 

Second semester, a study of the Balkan states and Turkey from 1878 
to the present. Strakhovsky. 

H. 171 f, 172 s. History of the British Empire (3, 3)— Three lectures. 
Prerequisite, H. 1 y, or H. 3 y, or equivalent. 

First semester, the rise of the Old Mercantilist Empire in the East 
and West, and its decline in the period of the American Revolution. 

Second semester, the evolution of Great Britain from Empire to 
Commonwealth of Nations. Silver. 

Courses for Graduates 
H. 200. Research. Credit proportioned to the amount of work. Staff. 

H. 203 s. Historical Criticism and European Bibliography (2). 

Strakhovsky. 

H. 204 y. Seminar in European History (4). Reports and discussions 
on specified topics. Strakhovsky. 

H. 205 y. Russia-U. S. S. R. (4) — Lectures, reports and discussions. 
(Not offered in 1941-1942.) Strakhovsky. 



HOME ECONOMICS 77 

H. 206 y. Seminar in Central European History (4). Topics pertaining 
mainly to recent Germany. (Not offered in 1941-1942.) Prange. 



HOME ECONOMICS 
A. Foods and Nutrition 

Courses for Graduates and Advanced Undergraduates 

H. E. 131 f or s. Nutrition (3) — Three recitations. Prerequisites, H. E. 
31 y and Chem. 12 A y. 

A scientific study of principles of human nutrition. Welsh. 

H. E. 132s. Dietetics (3) — Two recitations; one laboratory. Prereq- 
uisite, H. E. 131 f. 

A study of food selection for health; planning and calculating dietaries 
for adults and children. Welsh. 

H. E. 133 f and s. Demonstrations (2) — Two laboratories. Prerequisites, 
H. E. 115, 31 y and 71 f, or consent of the instructor. 

Practice in demonstrations. Welsh. 

H. E. 134 f and s. Advanced Foods (3) — One recitation; two labora- 
tories. Prerequisite, H. E. 31 y. 

Advanced study of manipulation of food material. Welsh. 

H. E. 135 f and s. Experimental Foods (4) — Two recitations; two 
laboratories. Prerequisites, H. E. 31 y, H. E. 137 s, Chem. 12 A y. 

A study of food preparation processes from experimental viewpoint. 
Practice in technics. Kirkpatrick. 

H. E. 136 s. Child Nutrition (3) — Two recitations, one laboratory. Pre- 
requisites, H. E. 32 f, or H. E. 131 f , or consent of instructor. 

Principles of human nutrition applied to growth and development of 
children; including experience with children in the nursery school, in 
children's hospitals, and clinics. Welsh. 

H. E. 137 f and s. Food Buying and Meal Service (3) — One recitation; 
two laboratories. Prerequisite, H. E. 31 y. 

Study of problems in food buying; planning and serving of meals for 
the family group; simple entertaining in relation to nutritional needs and 
cost. Kii'kpati-ick. 

H. E. 138 s. Diet in Disease (3) — One recitation; two laboratories. 
Prerequisite, H. E. 131 f. 

Modification of the principles of human nutrition to meet dietary needs 
of certain diseases. 



78 HOME ECONOMICS 

Courses for Graduates 

H. E. 201 f or s. Seminar in Nutrition (2). 

Reports and discussions on current literature of nutrition. Staff. 

H. E. 202. Research. Credits to be determined by amount and quality 
of work done. 

With the approval of the head of the department, students may pursue 
an original investigation in some phase of foods. The results may form 
the basis of a thesis for an advanced degree. Welsh. 

H. E. 203 f or s. Advanced Experimental Foods (3) — One recitation; 
two laboratories. 

Individual experimental problems. Special emphasis on use of Mary- 
land products. Kirkpatrick. 

H. E. 204 f. Readings in Nutrition (2). 

Reports and discussions of outstanding nutritional research and in- 
vestigation. Welsh. 

H. E. 205 f or s. Nutrition (3) — One recitation; laboratory by arrange- 
ment. 

Feeding experiments are conducted on laboratory animals to show 
effects of diets of varying compositions. Welsh. 



B. Home and Institution Management 

Courses for Graduates and Advanced Undergraduates 

H. E. 141 f, 142 s. Management of the Home (3, 3) — Two lectures, one 
laboratory. 

The family and human relations; household organization and manage- 
ment; budgeting of time and money. Housing as a social problem; federal 
and civic housing projects; housing standards for the family; building 
and financing a home. Selection and care of household equipment and 
furnishings. Enright. 

H. E. 125 f and s. Merchandise Display (2) — Two laboratories. Pre- 
requisite, H. E. 21 f or equivalent. 

Practice in effective display of merchandise windows, show cases, and 
other parts of store interiors. Cooperation with retail establishments. 
Five large display windows in the home economics building provides 
demonstration space for the courses. Curtiss. 

H. E. 127 f, 128 s. Advanced Costume Design (2) — Two laboratories. 
Prerequisites, H. E. 21 f , H. E. 24 f, H. E. Ill f or equivalent. 

Fashion illustration and design. Special emphasis is placed on origi- 
nality and the adaptability of designs to fabrics and personalities. 

Baumann. 



HOME ECONOMICS 79 

C. Textiles and Clothing 

Courses for Graduates and Advanced Undergraduates 

H. E. Ill f and s. Advanced Clothing (3) — Three laboratories. Pre- 
requisite, H. E. 11 s and H. E. 24 f or equivalent. 

Draping of garments in cloth on a dress form; stressing style, design 
and suitability to the individual. McFarland. 

H. E. 112 f or s. Problems in Clothing (3) — Three laboratories. Pre- 
requisite, H. E. 11 f and H. E. Ill f or equivalent. 

Clothing renovation, clothing for children, and individual clothing 
projects. Mitchell. 

H. E. 113 f or s. Pattern Designing (2) — Two laboratories. Prereq- 
uisite, H. E. 11 f. 

A comparative study of commercial patterns; the development of a 
foundation pattern and its adaptation in the designing of garments. 

Mitchell. 

H. E. 170 f or s. Consumer Problems in Textiles (3) — Two recitations, 
one laboratory. Prerequisite, H. E. 71 f or consent of the instructor. 

Laundering and dry cleaning of clothing and household furnishings; 
storage of clothing and furs; comparison and evaluation of fabrics. 

Moore. 

H. E. 171 f or s. Advanced Textiles (3) — One recitation, two labora- 
tories. Prerequisite, H. E. 71 f, Chem. 12 A y and 12 B y. 

A study of recent research and commercial development in textiles; 
textile microscopy; physical and chemical analysis of textile fabrics. 

Moore. 

H. E. 172 f or s. Problems in Textiles (4) — One recitation, two labora- 
tories. Prerequisite, H. E. 171 f. 

Experimental work in textiles. Moore. 

D. Art 

Courses for Graduates and Advanced Undergraduates 

H. E. 120 f or s. Advertising Layout and Store Coordination (2) — Two 

laboratories. Prerequisite, H. E. 21 f or equivalent. 

Lettering, elementary figure sketching and freehand perspective draw- 
ings applied to graphic advertising in the field of each student's major 
interest. Discussion of department and specialty store organization; 
lectui*es by retail executives from Baltimore and Washington. 

H. E. 121 f, 122 s. Interior Design (3, 3) — First semester, two recita- 
tions, one laboratory; second semester, three laboratories. Prerequisite, 
H. E. 21 f or equivalent. 

Study of traditional styles and design principles with relation to per- 
sonalities in home planning and furnishing; trips to historic buildings; 



80 HORTICULTURE 

special merchandise lectures showing what the market provides. In second 
semester floor plans and wall elevations are drawn to scale and rendered 
in color. Curtiss. 

H. E. 123 f, 124 s. Advanced Interior Design (2, 2) — Two laboratories. 
Prerequisites, H. E. 21 f, H. E. 121 f, H. E. 122 s or equivalent. 

Designing of rooms, including interior architecture, furniture, fabrics, 
accessories; scale drawing and color rendering in plan, elevation and 
perspective. A study of furniture manufacture and merchandising. Plan- 
ning of exhibition rooms or houses when possible. Curtiss. 



HORTICULTURE 

Courses for Graduates and Advanced Undergraduates 

Hort. 101 f, 102 s. Technology of Horticultural Plants (Fruits) (2, 2)— 

Two lectures. Prerequisite, Pit. Phys. 101 f . 

A critical analysis is made of research work in horticulture and allied 
work in plant physiology, chemistry, and botany, the results of which are 
interpreted with respect to their application in commercial production. 
Fundamental principles involved in growth, fruiting, storage, and quality 
of horticultural plants and products are stressed. Haut. 

Hort. 103 f, 104 s. Technology of Horticultural Plants (Vegetables) 

(2, 2) — Two lectures. Prerequisite, Pit. Phys. 101 f. 
These courses are described under Hort. 101. 

Hort. 105 f or s. Technology of Horticultural Plants (Ornamentals) 
(2)— Two lectures. Prerequisite, Pit. Phys. 101 f . 

A study of the physiological plant processes as related to the growth, 
flowering, storage, etc., of floricultural and ornamental plants. A critical 
analysis and interpretation of the result of research studies dealing with 
water relations, temperature relations, photoperiodism, rest period, soils, 
fertilizers, and mineral deficiencies on ornamental crops. The applications 
pertaining to commercial production receive special consideration. 

Hort. 106 s. World Fruits and Nuts (2)— Two lectures. 

A study of the tropical and subtropical fruits and nuts of economic 
importance. The orange, lemon, grapefruit, pineapple, banana, date, fig, 
olive, avocado, papaya, mango, walnut, pecan, almond, filbert, tung nut, 
Brazil nut, cashew, and cocoanut, receive consideration. Special emphasis 
is placed upon the botanical relationships, composition, varieties, climatic 
and cultural requirements, methods and problems of production, and the 
development and present commercial status of those grown in the United 
States and its possessions. Haut. 

Hort. 107 y. Plant materials (5) — One lecture; one or two laboratories. 
(Not given in 1942-1943.) 

A field or laboratory study of trees, shrubs, and vines used in orna- 
mental planting. Thurston. 



MATHEMATICS 81 

Hort. 108 f or s. Canning Crops Technology (3) — Two lectures; one 
laboratory. Prerequisite, Hort. 16 and Pit. Phys. 101 f. (Given in alter- 
nate years; not offered in 1941-1942.) 

A course dealing with the more technical physico-chemical methods 
used in the study of the fundamentals or factors influencing the quality 
of raw products, physiological processes prior to and after blanching, 
and grade of processed product. In addition, studies will be made of 
new types of equipment and recent research on methods of processing. 
Visits to canning plants and commercial laboratories will be required. 

Mahoney, Walls. 

Hort. 109 f or s. Systematic Pomology (3) — Two lectures; one labora- 
tory. (Given in alternate years; not offered in 1941-1942.) 

A study of the origin, history, taxonomic relationships, description, 
pomological classification and identification of tree and small fruits. 

Haut. 

Hort. 110 f or s. Systematic Olericulture (3) — Two lectures; one labora- 
tory. 

A study of the classification and nomenclature of vegetable crops, and 
the description and identification of varieties. The adaptation of varieties 
to different environmental conditions and their special uses in vegetable 
production. Walls. 

Courses for Graduates 

Hort. 201 A f, 201 Bs. Experimental Pomology (2, 2) — Two lectures. 
Prerequisite, Pit. Phys. 101 f. 

A systematic study of the sources of knowledge and opinion as to prac- 
tices in pomology; methods and difficulties in experimental work in 
pomology, and results of experiments that have been or are being con- 
ducted in all experiment stations in this and other countries. Schrader. 

Hort. 202 A f, 202 B s. Experimental Olericulture (2, 2)— Two lectures. 
Prerequisite, Pit. Phys. 101 f . 

A critical study and interpretation is made of certain experimental 
work done on soils, fertilizers, water relations, light and temperature 
relations, rest period and dormancy, and anatomical and morphological 
studies which may be applied to the field of vegetable crops. Methods 
and techniques used in research are discussed. Mahoney. 

Hort. 203 A f or s. Experimental Olericulture (2) — Two lectures. Pre- 
requisites, Zool. 120, Pit. Phys. 101 f , or equivalents. 

A course dealing with the field of cyto-genetics in relation to horti- 
culture. Mahoney. 

Hort. 203 B s. Experimental Pomology (2) — Two lectures. 

A continuation of Hort. 201. Schrader. 

Hort. 204 f or s. Methods of Horticultural Research (2) — One lecture; 
one laboratory. 



82 MATHEMATICS 

Methods in use by horticultural research workers in the United States 
and foreign countries are discussed in detail, critically evaluating such 
methods for use in solving present problems. Discussion of photographic 
technique, application of statistical procedures, physical measurements, 
plot designs, survey methods, and experimental materials will be 
emphasized. 

Hort. 205. Research — Credit given according to work done. 

Graduate students will be required to select problems for original 
research in pomology, vegetable gardening, or floriculture. These prob- 
lems will be continued until completed and final results will be in the form 
of a thesis. Staff. 

Hort. 206 f, 207 s. Horticultural Seminar (1, 1). 

Oral reports with illustrative material are required on special topics or 
recent research publications in horticulture. Discussion by the students 
and staff members during and after each report is an essential part of the 
seminar. The aim of this course is to develop ability to analyze and to 
present research results orally as well as to review recent advances in 
horticulture. Staff. 

MATHEMATICS 

Courses for Graduates and Advanced Undergraduates 

Math. 115 s. Applied Calculus for Chemists (3) — Three lectures. Pre- 
requisite Math. 23 y. 

This course is conducted in close cooperation with the Chemistry De- 
pai-tment, and deals with the aspects of mathematics which arise in the 
theory and practice of chemistry. Among the topics treated are the 
following: partial and total derivatives; applications of mathematical 
analysis to thermo-dynamics, to molecular and atomic phenomena, and 
to physical chemistry. Lancaster. 

Math. 116 f. Advanced Trigonometry (2) — Two lectures. Prerequisite, 
Math 23 y or its equivalent. 

Complex numbers; De Moivre, Euler and allied identities; trigonometric 
series and infinite products; graphing of periodic functions; hyperbolic 
trigonometry; trigonometric solution of equations; principles of spherical 
trigonometry. Dantzig. 

Math. 122 s. Hisory of Elementary Mathematics (2) — Two lectures. 
(Not given in 1941-1942.) 
History of arithmetic, algebra and geometry. Dantzig. 

Math. 123 s. Vector Analysis (2) — Two lectures. Prerequisite, Math. 
142 s or its equivalent. 

Scalars, vectors, matrices and determinants; transformations; linear 
dependence; canonical forms; elementary divisors; applications to 
geometry and mechanics. Alrich. 



MATHEMATICS 83 

Math. 130 f. Analytical Mechanics (2) — Two lectures. Prerequisite, 
Math. 23 y. 

Statics, equilibrium of a point and of flexible cords, virtual work, 
kinematics, dynamics of a particle, elementary celestial mechanics. 

Martin. 

Math. 131 y. Analytical Mechanics (4) — Two lectures. Prerequisite, 
Math. 130 f or its equivalent. (Not given in 1940-1941.) 

Lagrangian equations for dynamical systems of one, two and three 
degrees of freedom; Hamilton's principle; the Hamilton-Jacobi partial 
differential equation. Martin. 

Math. 140 y. Mathematical Seminar (4)- — Two sessions. 
Required of graduate students. This course is devoted to special topics 
not taken up in the regularly scheduled courses. Staff. 

Math. 141 f. Higher Algebra (2) — Two lectures. Prerequisite, Math. 
23 y, or equivalent. 

Identities; multinomial expansion; combinatorial analysis; mathe- 
matical induction; undetermined coefficients; determinants; elementary 
theory of equations; complex magnitudes. Lancaster. 

Math. 142 s. Higher Algebra (2) — Two lectures. Prerequisite, Math. 
141 f or its equivalent. 

Inequalities; continued fractions; summation of series; difference 
equations; theory of numbers; diophantine equations. Lancaster. 

Math. 143 f. Advanced Calculus (2) — Two lectures. Prerequisite, 
Math. 23 y, or equivalent. 

General methods of integration; multiple integration with physical 
applications, partial differentiation; geometrical and physical applications; 
mean value theorem; Jacobians; envelopes. Titt. 

Math. 144 s. Advanced Calculus (2) — Two lectures. Prerequisite, Math. 
143 f or its equivalent. 

Elliptic integrals; line integrals; Green's theorem; equation of con- 
tinuity; applications to hydrodynamics. Titt. 

Math. 145 f. Advanced Plane Analytic Geometry (2) — Two lectures. 
Prerequisite, Math. 23 y, or equivalent. (Not given in 1941-1942.) 

Homogeneous coordinates; advanced theory of conic sections; Plucker 
characters of algebraic curves; cubic and quartic curves; Cremona trans- 
formations. Van Stockum. 

Math. 146 s. Solid Analytic Geometry (2) — Two lectures. Prerequisite, 
Math. 145 f or equivalent. (Not given in 1941-1942.) 

General theory of quadric surfaces; the twisted cubic; line geometry; 
geometry on a sphere; cubic and quartic surfaces. Alrich. 

Math. 151 f. Theory of Equations (2) — Two lectures. Prerequisite, 
Math. 23 y or equivalent. 



84 MATHEMATICS 

Complex numbers; fundamental theorem of algebra; equations of the 
third and fourth degree; algebraic solution of equations; finite groups; 
numerical solution of equations; criteria of irreducibility; cyclometric 
equations. Lancaster. 

Math. 152 s. Introduction to Modern Algebra (2) — Two lectures. Pre- 
requisite, Math. 151 f or equivalent. 

Vectors; matrices; linear dependence; quadratic forms; infinite groups. 

Lancaster. 

Math. 153 f. Advanced Differential Equations (2) — Two lectures. Pre- 
requisite, Math. 23 y or equivalent. (Not given in 1941-1942.) 

Equations of the first order; linear equations with constant and variable 
coefficients; change of variables; singular solutions; solution in series; 
numerical integration; ordinary differential equations in three variables; 
partial differential equations. Titt. 

Math. 154 s. Topics in Analysis (2) — Two lectures. Prerequisite, Math. 
153 f or equivalent. (Not given in 1941-1942.) 

Theory of vibrations; Fourier series; calculus of variations; entropy; 
improper integrals. Titt. 

Math. 155 f. Introduction to Projective Geometry (2) — Two lectures. 
Prerequisite, Math. 23 y, or equivalent. 

The theorems of Desargues and Pappus; cross-ratio and homography; 
projective theory of conies; projective interpretation and generalization 
of elementary geometry. Dantzig. 

Math. 156 s. Introduction to Differential Geometry (2) — Two lectures. 
Prerequisite, Math 23 y, or equivalent. 

Infinitesimal properties of plane curves; transformations; orthogonal 
trajectories; envelopes; roulettes and glisettes; curvilinear coordinates in 
the plane. Van Stockum. 

Math. 171 f. Applied Mathematical Analysis (2) — Two lectures. Pre- 
requisite, Math. 23 y, or equivalent. 

Intended for advanced undergraduate and graduate students in en- 
gineering, mathematics, physics and chemistry. Ballistics, dynamical 
stability in flight, stress analysis, graphical statics, cryptography, and 
communications will be among the topics discussed. Titt. 

Courses for Graduates 

Math. 220 f. Theory of Functions of a Complex Variable (2) — Two 

lectures. Prerequisites, Math. 143 f and Math. 144 s, or equivalent. 
(Not given in 1941-1942.) 

Complex numbers, power series, integration of analytic functions, 
Cauchy integral formula, Cauchy theory of analytic functions; special 
analytic functions. Weyl. 



MATHEMATICS 85 

Math. 221 s. Theory of Functions of a Complex Variable (2) — Two 

lectures. Prerequisite, Math. 220 f, or equivalent. (Not given in 1941- 
1942.) 

Meromorphic functions; Weierstrass theory of analytic functions; 
analytic continuation and Riemann surfaces; conformal representation. 

Newell. 

Math. 222 f. Theory of Functions of a Real Variable (2) — Two lectures. 
Prerequisites, Math. 143 f and 144 s, or equivalent. 

Real numbers, continuous functions, differentiate functions; uniform 
convergence; implicit functions; Jacobians; the Riemann integral; infinite 
series; dominant functions; real analytic functions. Martin. 

Math. 224 s. Theory of Functions of a Real Variable (2) — Two lectures. 
Prerequisite, Math. 222 f, or equivalent. 

Point sets; Heine-Borel theorem; content and measure of point sets; 
the Lebesque integral. Martin. 

Math. 225 f. Projective Geometry (2) — Two lectures. Prerequisite, 
Math. 155 f, or equivalent. 

Axiomatic development of geometry; fundamental theorems; projective 
equivalence; the group of collineations in the plane and in space; non- 
Euclidean geometries. Dantzig. 

Math. 226 s. Differential Geometry (2) — Two lectures. Prerequisite, 
Math. 156 s, or equivalent. 

Principles of vector analysis; skew curves, kinematical applications; 
geometry on a surface; general theory of surfaces; curvature and space 
structure; Riemannian geometries. Van Stockum. 

Math. 227 f. Infinite Processes (2) — Two lectures. Prerequisite, Math. 
222 f , or equivalent. 

Convergence of infinite series and products; Fourier series; orthogonal 
functions; asymptotic series. Lancaster. 

Math. 231 s. Partial Differential Equations with Applications to Mathe- 
matical Physics (2) — Two lectures. Prerequisites, Math. 143 f, Math. 
144 s, and Math. 153 f, or equivalent. 

Partial differential equations of the first and second order; linear equa- 
tions; total differential equations; equations of the Monge- Ampere type; 
the Laplace equation; harmonics; applications to electricity, heat, elas- 
ticity, and hydro-dynamics; potential theory. Titt. 

Math. 232 s. Theory of Probabilities and Least Squares (2)— Two lec- 
tures. Prerequisite, Math. 23 y, or equivalent. 

Frequency and probability; the concept of "equally likely;" combi- 
natorial analysis; addition and multiplication theorems; frequency of 
distribution; continuous probabilities; applications to statistics, to theories 
of errors and correlation, and to molecular theories. Titt. 



86 MODERN LANGUAGES 

Math. 235 s. Modern Algebra (2) — Two lectures. Prerequisite, Math. 
152 s, or equivalent. 

Sets; classes; groups; isomorphism; rings; fields; Galois theory; ordered 
and well-ordered sets; ideals; linear algebras. Newell. 

Math. 240 y. Graduate Colloquium. 

A forum for the presentation and critical discussion of mathematical 
research conducted by the faculty and advanced students. 

Math. 250 y. Seminar in the History of Mathematics (4) — Two lectures. 
Prerequisite, Math. 23 y, or equivalent. 

Celebrated problems of mathematics from antiquity to our own days. 
History of individual mathematical disciplines, such as the theory of 
numbers, non-Euclidean geometry, vector and matrix analysis, theory of 
functions, theory of groups, theory of aggregates. Special emphasis 
will be laid on the evolution of mathematical concepts and principles. 

Dantzig. 

Selected Topics Courses 

In addition to the preceding, a number of courses will be offered from 
time to time by the various members of the staff in their respective fields 
of specialization. These courses are intended primarily for candidates for 
advanced degrees and aim at developing materials for dissertations; they 
will, however, be open to any qualified student. 

Math. 242. Selected Topics in Modern Geometry. Dantzig, Van Stockum. 

Math. 243. Selected Topics in Modern Analysis. 

Martin, Lancaster, Newell. 

Math. 244. Selected Topics in Dynamics. Martin. 

Math. 245. Selected Topics in Mathematical Physics. Van Stockum, Titt. 

Math. 246. Selected Topics in Applied Mathematics. Dantzig, Alrich. 

Math. 247. Selected Topics in Differential and Difference Equations. 

Lancaster. 

Math. 260. Research. Investigation of special problems and the 
preparation of a thesis towards an advanced degree. Staff. 

MODERN LANGUAGES 
A. French 

Courses for Graduates and Advanced Undergraduates 

French 102 y. French Literature of the Seventeenth Century (4) — Two 

lectures. Wilcox. 



MODERN LANGUAGES 87 

French 103 y. French Literature of the Eighteenth Century (4) — Two 

lectures. Falls. 

French 104 y. French Literature of the Nineteenth Century (4) — Two 

lectures. Wilcox. 

French 105 y. French Literature of the Twentieth Century (4) — Two 

lectures. Falls. 

French 110 y. Advanced Composition (6) — Three lectures. Prerequisite, 
French 10 y. Falls. 

Attention is also called to Comparative Literature 105 f , Romanticism 
in France. 

Courses for Graduates 

French 201. Research. Credits determined by work accomplished. 

French 202 y. Diderot and the Encyclopaedists (4) — Two lectures. 

Falls. 

French 204 y. Georges Duhamel, Poet, Dramatist, Novelist (4) — Two 

lectures. (Not given in 1941-1942.) Falls. 

French 205 y. French Literature of the Middle Ages and the Renais- 
sance (4) — Two lectures. Darby. 

French 206 f, 207 s. The French Novel in the First Half of the Nine- 
teenth Century (2, 2)— Two lectures. (Not given in 1941-1942.) Falls. 

French 208 f, 209 s. The French Novel in the Second Half of the Nine- 
teenth Century (2, 2) — Two lectures. Falls. 

French 210 y. Seminar (2-4) — One meeting weekly. Required of all 
graduate students in French. 

French 212 s. Introduction to Old French (2) — Two lectures. Darby. 

French 220 f, 221 s. Reading Course (2, 2)— One conference. 

Designed to give graduate students the background of a survey of 
French literature. Extensive outside reading with reports and connecting 
lectures. Falls. 



B. German 

Courses for Graduates and Advanced Undergraduates 

German 101 f. German Literature of the Eighteenth Century (3) — 

Three lectures. (Not given in 1941-1942.) 
The earlier classical literature. Prahl. 



88 MODERN LANGUAGES 

German 102 s. German Literature of the Eighteenth Century (3) — 

Three lectures. 

The later classical literature. Prahl. 

German 103 f. German Literature of the Nineteenth Century (3) — i 

Three lectures. 

Romanticism in Young Germany. Prahl. 

German 104 s. German Literature of the Nineteenth Century (3) — 

Three lectures. 

The literature of the Empire. Prahl. 

German 105 f, 106 s. Contemporary German Literature (3, 3) — Three 
lectures. 

A study of the lives, works and influence of outstanding authors of 
the present. Prahl. 

German 107 y. Goethe's Faust (4) — Two lectures. Zucker. 

Attention is called to Comparative Literature 106 s, Romanticism in 
Germany, and Comparative Literature 107 f, The Faust Legend in English 
and German Literature. 

Courses for Graduates 
German 201. Research. Credits determined by work accomplished. 

German 202 y. The Modern German Drama (4) — Two lectures. 
Study of the naturalistic, neo-romantic, and expressionistic drama 
against the background of Ibsen and other international figures. Prahl. 

German 203 y. Schiller (4)— Two lectures. (Not given in 1941-1942.) 

Study of the life and works of Schiller with special emphasis on the 

history of his dramas. Prahl. 

German 204 f. Goethe's Faust (2) — Two lectures. (Not given in 1941- 
1942.) Zucker. 

German 205 s. Goethe's Works outside of Faust (2) — Two lectures. 

Zucker. 

German 206 y. The Romantic Movement (2) — Two lectures. Prahl. 

German 210 y. Seminar (2-4) — Two meetings weekly. Required of all 
graduate students in German. 

Subject for 1941-1942: Grill Parzer. Zucker. 

German 220 f, 221 s. Reading Course (2, 2) — One conference. 

Designed to give graduate students the background of a survey of 
German literature. Extensive outside reading with repoi-ts and connecting 
lectures. Prahl. 



MODERN LANGUAGES 89 

German 230 f. Introduction to Indo-European Linguistics (3). 

Mutziger. 

German 231 s. Middle High German (3) — Three lectures. Mutziger. 

C. Spanish 

Courses for Graduates and Advanced Undergraduates 

Spanish 101 f. Spanish Literature of the Twentieth Century (3) — Three 
lectures. 

Novels, the drama, essays, and poetry. Darby. 

Spanish 103 f. The Spanish Drama (3) — Three lectures. (Not given in 
1941-1942.) 

The drama of the Golden Age. Darby. 

Spanish 104 s. The Spanish Drama (3) — Three lectures. (Not given in 
1941-1942.) 

Continuation of Spanish 103 f . The drama since Calderon. Darby. 

Spanish 105 y. Cervantes (6) — Three lectures. 

The life and times of Cervantes; principal prose works. Darby. 

Spanish 107 f. The Spanish Novel (3) — Three lectures. 
Classic novels and short stories of the Golden Age and of the eighteenth 
century. Darby. 

Spanish 108 s. The Spanish Novel (3) — Three lectures. 
Continuation of Spanish 107 f. A study of the development of the 
modern novel. Darby. 

Spanish 110 s. Advanced Composition (3) — Three lectures. Prereq- 
uisite, Spanish 6 y or consent of the instructor. 

Extensive practice in composition and grammar for students who are 
completing major or minor requirements in Spanish. Conducted in 
Spanish. Darby. 

Spanish 151 f. Latin-American Literature: The Colonial Peroid (3) — 

Three lectures. (Not given in 1941-1942.) Darby. 

Spanish 152 s. Latin- American Literature: The Modern Period (3) — 

Three lectures. (Not given in 1941-1942.) Darby. 

Courses for Graduates 

Spanish 201. Research. Credits determined by work accomplished. 

Staff. 

Spanish 202 y. The Golden Age m Spanish Literature (6) — Three 
lectures. 

Detailed study of the classical authors. Darby. 



90 PHILOSOPHY 

Spanish 203 f. Spanish Poetry (3) — Three lectures. (Not given in 
1941-1942.) 

The epic, the ballad and popular poetry, early lyrics, poetry of the 
Golden Age. Darby. 

Spanish 204 s. Spanish Poetry (3) — Three lectures. (Not given in 
1941-1942.) 

Continuation of Spanish 203 f . Poetry of the eighteenth, nineteenth, 
and twentieth centuries. Darby. 

Spanish 210 y. Seminar (2-4) — One meeting weekly. 
Required of all graduate students in Spanish. 

Spanish 212 f. Introduction to Old Spanish (2) — Two lectures. Darby. 

Spanish 220 f, 221 s. Reading Course (2, 2) — One conference. 

Designed to give graduate students the background of a survey of 
Spanish literature. Extensive outside reading with reports and connecting 
lectures. Darby. 



PHILOSOPHY 

Courses for Graduates and Advanced Undergraduates 

Phil. Ill f, 112 s. Readings in Philosophy (1, 1) — One hour of discus- 
sion. Prerequisite, Phil. 1 f or 2 s. 

One or several relatively easy philosophical works will be read, and 
discussed in class. The topic will be changed from semester to semester. 
Not more than two credits allowed to any one student. Marti. 

Phil. 113 f, 114 s. Readings in Philosophy (1, 1) — One hour of discus- 
sion. Prerequisite, Phil. If or 2s. (Not given in 1941-1942.) 

Similar to Phil. Ill f, 112 s. Marti. 

Phil. 151 f. Proseminar in Aesthetics (3) — Two hours of proseminar, 
one hour of tutorial work. Prerequisite, two courses in philosophy. 

An intensive study of some important book on, or system of, aesthetics, 
or of the development of aesthetic theory of some historical period; or a 
testing study of the principles of literary and artistic criticism. The topic 
will be changed from year to year, and will be chosen in line with the 
needs of the group participating. Marti, Weeks. 

Phil. 152 s. Proseminar in Philosophy of History (3) — Two hours of 
proseminar, one hour of tutorial work. Prerequisite, two courses in 
philosophy. 

An intensive study of some important book on, or phase of, the philos- 
ophy of history; or a study of the philosophical implications of some 
period of history, or the philosophical signifiance of certain sociological 



PHYSICS 91 

trends or theories. The topic will be changed from year to year, and will 
be chosen in line with the needs of the group participating. 

Marti, Thatcher. 

Phil. 191 f, 192 s. Systems of Philosophy (3) — Three hours of lectures, 
student reports, and discussion. Prerequisite, two courses in philosophy, 
and the permission of the professor. 

The system of one philosopher, or the development of one movement, 
will be studied throughout each semester. The topic will be changed from 
semester to semester, in line with the needs of the students enrolled. 

Marti. 

Phil. 193 f. 194 s. Systems of Philosophy (3) — Three hours of lectures, 
student reports, and discussion. Prerequisite, two courses in philosophy, 
and the permission of the professor. (Not given in 1941-1942.) 

Similar to Phil. 191 f, 192 s. Marti. 



PHYSICS 

Courses for Graduates and Advanced Undergraduates 

Phys. 101 f. Precision of Measurements (3) — Three lectures. Prereq- 
uisites, Phys. 2 y, or Phys. 1 y and Math. 23 y. 

A discussion of the principles underlying the treatment of experimental 
data, as to precision of observations, errors, interpolation, curve analysis, 
etc., with special emphasis on the planning of investigations involving 
measurements. The course is intended as an introduction to quantitative 
experimental work. Eichlin. 

Phys. 102 s. Physical Measurements (3) — Two lectures, one laboratory. 
Prerequisite, Phys. 101 f . 

This course, supplementing Phys. 101 f , is designed to familiarize the 
student with the manipulation of various types of apparatus used in 
experimentation in physical problems, and the adaptation and analysis of 
data so obtained. Eichlin. 

Phys. 103 y. Advanced Physics (6) — Three lectures. Prerequisite, 
Phys. 1 y. 

This course, supplementing Phys. 1 y, is an advanced study of physical 
phenomena in optics, spectroscopy, conduction of electricity through 
gases, photoelectricity, etc., with a comprehensive review of basic 
principles involved. It is intended to familiarize the student in a general 
survey with some of the recent developments in physics. Smith. 

Phys. 104 y. Advanced Experiments (6) — One lecture, two laboratories. 
Prerequisite, Phys. 103 y. (Not given in 1941-1942.) 

This course, supplementing Phys. 1 y, is intended to provide the stu- 
dent with experience in experimental physics. Myers. 



92 PHYSICS 

Phys. 105 f. Heat (3) — Two lectures, one laboratory. Prerequisite, 
Phys. 2 y, or Phys. 1 y and Math. 23 y. Myers. 

The classical phenomena of heat and radiation are developed on the 
basis of the kinetic molecular theory and the quantum theory. The first 
and second laws of thermodynamics are applied to physical processes. 

Myers. 

Phys. 106 s. Theoretical Mechanics (3) — Three lectures. Prerequisites, 
Phys. 2 y, or Phys. 1 y and Math. 23 y 

An analytical treatment of the fundamental principles of kinematics 
and dynamics is presented with problems to illustrate these principles. 
The use of generalized coordinates is illustrated. The equations of La- 
grange are applied to selected topics in the field of dynamics. Myers. 

Phys. 107 s. Optics (3) — Two lectures, one laboratory. Prerequisites, 
Phys. 2 y, or Phys. 1 y and Math. 23 y. 

A study is made of selected topics in the refraction, reflection, inter- 
ference, diffraction and polarization of light. The principles are employed 
in a detailed study of optical systems of telescope, microscope, spectro- 
scope and interferometer. Dickinson. 

Phys. 108 y. Electricity (6) — Two lectures, one laboratory. Prereq- 
uisites, Phys. 2 y, or Phys. 1 y and Math. 23 y. 

A study of electrical properties of matter and space with applications 
to common electrical instruments and apparatus. Dickinson. 

Phys. 109 y. Electron Physics (6) — Two lectures, one laboratory. Pre- 
requisites, Phys. 2 y, or Phys. 1 y and Math. 23 y. 

The discrete nature of matter, electricity and radiation is emphasized 
from an empirical point of view. The determination of the fundamental 
electronic and molecular constants is treated in detail. The process of 
electrical discharge through gas and vacuum is ramified to include dis- 
cussion of radioactivity, photoelectricity, thermionics and atomic struc- 
ture. Myers. 

Phys. 110 f. Sound (3) — Two lectures, one laboratory. Prerequisites, 
Phys. 2 y, or Phys. 1 y and Math. 23 y. (Not given in 1941-1942.) 

A study is made of vibrating systems, the propagation and scattering of 
sound waves, standing sound waves, sound wave energy, etc. Myers. 

Phys. Ill f, 112 s. Mathematical Physics (3, 3)— Three lectures. Pre- 
requisites, Phys. 2 y, or Phys. 1 y and Math. 23 y. 

Selected topics in physics will be treated to illustrate certain mathema- 
tical methods, particularly the use of derivatives and differentials, methods 
of integration, infinite series, vectors, ordinary and partial differential 
equations, orthonormal sets of functions. Myers. 

Phys. 113 f, 114 s. Properties of Matter (3, 3)— Three lectures. Pre- 
requisites, Phys. 2 y, or Phys. ly and Math. 23 y. (Not given in 1941- 
1942.) 



PHYSICS 93 

A study of the constituent particles of matter and such properties of 
matter as gravitation, molecular attraction, elasticity, special properties 
of solids and of fluids at rest and in motion, wave propagation. Eichlin. 

Phys. 115 f, 116 s. High Frequency Phenomena (3, 3) — Two lectures, 
one laboratory. Prerequisites, Phys. 2 y, or Phys. 1 y and Math. 23 y. 
(Not given in 1941-1942.) 

A study of resonant circuits, characteristics of electron tubes, high 
frequency generators, filters, electromagnetic waves, propagation of waves 
in wires and through a conducting medium. Dickinson. 

Courses for Graduates 

Phys. 201 f. Atomic Structure (3) — Three lectures. 

A development of atomic theory by a discussion of the various atomic 
properties, particularly those of emission of spectra, scattering of X-rays 
and electrons, and valency. Myers. 

Phys. 202 f. Atomic Spectra (3)— Three lectures. 

An interpretation of special series, fine and hyperfine structure, line 
intensities and polarization, line contours, and effects of external fields 
in light of modern atomic theory. Myers. 

Phys. 203 s. Molecular Spectra (3) — Three lectures. 

A discussion of molecular spectra with particular reference to the 
information that is given about molecular structure, specific heats, 
entropy, and related phenomena. Myers. 

Phys. 204 f, 205 s. Quantum Mechanics (3, 3)— Three lectures. 

A treatment of the general methods of quantum mechanics will appli- 
cations to the theory of atomic and molecular structure, the theory of 
collision processes, and the theories of radiation and electro-dynamics. 

Myers. 

Phys. 206 s. Nuclear Structure (3) — Three lectures. 

The theory of the nucleus is developed by a discussion of masses, 
charges, magnetic moments, radioactivity, nuclear reactions, scattering, 
and interaction with radiation fields. Myers. 

Phys. 207 f, 208 s. Modern Physics (3, 3)— Three lectures. 

A comprehensive survey of developments in physics leading to recent 
concepts of atomic structure, theory of radiation, interaction of radiation 
and matter, quantum theory, relativistic mechanics, cosmology. 

Dickinson. 

Phys. 209 f, Dynamics I (3)— Three lectures. (Not given in 1941-1942.) 

A treatment of dynamical systems in generalized coordinates by the 

equations of Lagrange, of Hamilton, and of Hamilton-Jacobi, by the Ham- 

iltonian Principle, and by the use of canonical transformations. Myers. 



94 POLITICAL SCIENCE 

Phys. 210 s. Dynamics II (3) — Three lectures. (Not given in 1941- 
1942.) 

A derivation of the equations of motion of a fluid, a study of irrota- 
tional motion, vortex motion, motion of solids through liquids, waves 
through liquids, viscosity. Myers. 

Phys. 211 f. Electrodynamics (3) — Three lectures. (Not given in 1940- 
1941.) 

The electric and magnetic fields; properties of dielectrics; properties 
of electric conductors; electromagnetic induction; electromagnetic radia- 
tion; dispersion theory; electro- and magneto-optics. Dickinson. 

Phys. 212 s. Physical Optics (3) — Three lectures. (Not given in 1940- 
1941.) 

A mathematical study of the electromagnetic theory of light, with 
applications to interference, diffraction, dispersion, and polarization. 

Dickinson. 

Phys. 213 f, 214 s. Theory of Elasticity (3, 3)— Three lectures. 

A comprehensive discussion of the development of theoretical concepts 
of elasticity with particular attention to torsion, stresses in beams, curved 
bars, thin plates, stresses produced by dynamical causes, propagation of 
waves in solid media. Eichlin. 

Phys. 215 f, 216 s. X-ray and Crystal Structure (3, 3)— Three lectures. 
(Not given in 1941-1942.) 

A discussion of the production and measurement of X-rays with the 
application of X-ray methods to the study of the physical properties of 
crystals. 

Phys. 217 y. Seminar (2). 

Presentation of reports and discussion of current development in 
physics and of original investigations on special problems. Staff. 



POLITICAL SCIENCE 

Courses for Graduates and Advanced Undergraduates 

Pol. Sci. 101 f. International Relations (3). Prerequisite, Pol. Sci. 1 or 
consent of instructor. 

The course deals with the major factors underlying international rela- 
tions, the influence of geography, climate, nationalism and imperialism, 
and the development of international organizations. Leath. 

Pol. Sci. 102 s. International Law (3). Prerequisite, Pol. Sci. 1. 
A study of the principles governing international intercourse in time 
of peace and war, as illustrated in texts and cases. Leath. 



POLITICAL SCIENCE 95 

Pol. Sci. 104 s. Recent Far Eastern Politics (3). Prerequisite, Pol. 
Sci. 1 or consent of instructor. 

The background and interpretation of recent political events in the Far 
East and their influence on world politics. Steinmeyer. 

Pol. Sci. 105 f. Problems of World Politics (3). Prerequisite, Pol. Sci. 1 
or consent of instructor. 

The course deals with governmental problems of an international char- 
acter, such as causes of war, problems of neutrality, propaganda, etc. 
Students are required to report on readings from current literature. 

Steinmeyer. 

Pol. Sci. Ill f. Principles of Public Administration (3). Prerequisite, 
Pol. Sci. 4, or consent of instructor. 

A functional study of public administration in the United States, with 
special emphasis upon organization and the relation of administration 
to the other branches of government. Howard. 

Pol. Sci. 112 s. Public Personnel Administration (3). Prerequisite, Pol. 
Sci. Ill f or consent of instructor. 

A study of civil service practices in the United States with particular 
reference to the organization of the personnel agency, the classification 
and compensation plans, the selection of employees and the management 
of personnel. Howard. 

Pol. Sci. 113 f. Municipal Government and Administration (3). Pre- 
requisite, Pol. Sci. 4. 

A detailed study of selected problems of municipal government, such 
as housing, health, zoning, fire and police, recreation and planning. Course 
includes a visit to Baltimore to observe the agencies of city government 
at work. Kline. 

Pol. Sci. 114 s. Public Budgeting (3). Prerequisite, Pol. Sci. Ill f or 
consent of instructor. (Not offered in 1941-1942.) 

A study of budgetary administration in the United States, including 
systems of financial control and accountability, the settlement of claims, 
centralized purchasing and the reporting of financial operations. Howard. 

Pol. Sci. 117 f, 118 s. Government at Work (3, 3) — One lecture and two 
field trips. Prerequisites, Pol. Sci. 1 and consent of instructor. 

This course consists of visits to various administrative agencies of the 
national government, supplemented by reading assignments on the work 
of the agencies visited. Howard. 

Pol. Sci. 121 f. Political Parties and Public Opinion (3). Prerequisite, 
Pol. Sci. 1. 

A descriptive and critical examination of the party process in govern- 
ment; nominations and elections, party expenditures, political leadership, 
the management and conditioning of public opinion. 



96 POLITICAL SCIENCE 

Pol. Sci. 123 f. Government and Business (3). Prerequisite, Pol. Sci. 1. 

A general survey of governmental activities affecting business, with 
special emphasis upon recent developments; federal and state assistance 
to and regulation of business in their historical and legal aspects; govern- 
ment ownership and operation. Bone. 

Pol. Sci. 124 s. Legislatures and Legislation (3). Prerequisite, Pol. 
Sci. 4. 

A comprehensive study of the legislative process, bicameralism, the 
committee system and the lobby, with special emphasis upon the legis- 
lature of Maryland. The course includes a visit to Washington to observe 
Congress at work. Bone. 

Pol. Sci. 126 s. Government and Social Security (2). Prerequisite, Pol. 
Sci. 4. 

An analysis of the federal Social Security Act with special emphasis 
upon its background, purposes, administration, and deficiencies. Attention 
will be given also to employment assurance and relief policies, and to the 
efforts of European countries and the forty-eight states to provide a 
greater measure of security. Bone. 

Pol. Sci. 131 f. Constitutional Law (3). Prerequisite, Pol. Sci. 1. 

A systematic inquiry into the general principles of the American con- 
stitutional system, with special reference to the role of the judiciary in 
the interpretation and enforcement of the Constitution, the position of 
the states in the federal system, state and federal powers over interstate 
and foreign commerce, and the rights of citizens and of accused persons. 

Kline. 

Pol. Sci. 134 s. Administrative Law (3). Prerequisite, Pol. Sci. 1. 

A study of the principles involved in the expansion of the discretion of 
administrative boards and commissions, including an analysis of their 
functions, their powers over private rights, their procedure in making 
findings, the enforcement of their rules and orders and judicial control 
of their actions. Kline. 

Pol. Sci. 136 s. Elements of Law (3). Prerequisite, Pol. Sci. 1. 

Development of law and legal systems; comparison of methods and 
procedure in making and enforcing law in Roman and common law 
systems; consideration of fundamental legal concepts; contribution and 
influence of modern schools of legal philosophy in relation to law and 
government. Walther. 

Pol. Sci. 138 s. Law Enforcement (2). Prerequisite, Pol. Sci. 1. 

A survey of the organization and operation of the agencies involved in 
the administration of criminal justice, with special reference to the 
organization and methods of police departments, problems of organized 
crime and its suppression, the role of the prosecutor and the courts, and 
the interrelations between these agencies. Kline. 



POLITICAL SCIENCE 97 

Pol. Sci. 141 f. History of Political Theory (3). Prerequisite, Pol. 
Sci. 1 or consent of instructor. 

A survey of the principal political theories set forth in the works of 
writers from Plato to Bentham. Walther. 

Pol. Sci. 142 s. Recent Political Theory (3). Prerequisite, Pol. Sci. 1 
or consent of instructor. 

A study of recent political ideas, with special emphasis upon theories 
of socialism, communism, fascism, etc. Walther. 

Pol. Sci. 144 s. American Political Theory (3). Prerequisite, Pol. Sci. 1 
or consent of instructor. (Not offered in 1941-1942.) 

A study of the writings of the principal American political theorists 
from the colonial period to the present. Walther. 

Courses for Graduates 

Pol. Sci. 201 f. Seminar in International Organization (2). 
A study of the forms and functions of various international organiza- 
tions. Steinmeyer. 

Pol. Sci. 202 s. British Empire (3). (Not offered in 1941-1942.) 
A study of the constitutional development of the British dominions, 
with particular attention to recent inter-imperial relationships. 

Steinmeyer. 

Pol. Sci. 211 y. Seminar in Federal-State Relations (4). 

Reports on topics assigned for individual research in the field of recent 
federal-state relations. Howard. 

Pol. Sci. 213 f. Problems of Public Administration (2). (Not offered 
in 1941-1942.) 

Reports on topics assigned for individual research in the field of 

national and state administration. Howard. 

Pol. Sci. 214 s. Problems of Personnel Administration (2). (Not offered 
in 1941-1942.) 

Reports on topics assigned for individual research in the field of public 
personnel administration. Howard. 

Pol. Sci. 216 s. Problems of Government in Metropolitan Regions (2). 

Analysis of some metropolitan areas and some of the most pressing 
problems arising out of the existence of dense populations spread over a 
large number of small governmental units having similarly inadequate 
powers and facilities to cope with the problems involved; discussion of 
possible solutions. Kline. 

Pol. Sci. 221 f. Seminar in Public Opinion (2). 

Reports on topics assigned for individual research in the field of 
public opinion. Bone. 



98 POULTRY HUSBANDRY 

Pol. Sci. 222 s. Psych. 280 s. Analysis of Propaganda (3)— Two lectures 
and one discussion. Prerequisite, consent of instructors. 

Analytical approach to modern propaganda, including study of organ- 
izations which employ propaganda, of techniques in actual use in dis- 
seminating propaganda, and of attempts at measuring the effects of 
propaganda. Responsibility for instruction is shared by the Department 
of Political Science and the Department of Psychology. Bone, Jenkins. 

Pol. Sci. 235 f. Problems in Public Law (2). 

Readings and reports on topics selected with reference to the needs of 
the individual student; special attention will be given to methods of 
research in legal materials and to problems in interstate commerce, police 
power, due process and equal protection. Kline. 

Pol. Sci. 251 f. Bibliography of Political Science (2). 

This course is intended to acquaint the student with the literature of 
the various fields of political science and to instruct him in the use of 
government documents. Staff. 

Pol. Sci. 261. Research in Political Science. Credit according to work 
accomplished. Staff. 



POULTRY HUSBANDRY 

Courses for Graduates and Advanced Undergraduates 

Poultry 101 s. Poultry Genetics (3) — Three lectures, demonstration, 
quiz periods. Prerequisites, Poultry 3 f and Zool. 104 f . 

The inheritance of morphological and physiological characters of 
poultry; inheritance of factors related to egg and meat production and 
quality. Staff. 

Poultry 102 s. Poultry Nutrition (2) — One lecture, one two-hour labora- 
tory, demonstration, quiz. Prerequisite, Poultry 1 f and 2 s. 

The nutritive requirements of poultry and the nutrients which meet 
those requirements; feed cost of poultry production. Bird. 

Poultry 104 y. Poultry Products Marketing Problems (4) — Two lec- 
tures, demonstration, quiz periods. Prerequisite, Poultry 1 f and 2 s. 

This course includes material on egg and meat quality, commercial 
grades, relation of transportation and distribution to quality, and methods 
of marketing, especially as related to quality. Gwin. 

Poultry 106 f. Poultry Physiology (1 or 2) — One lecture, one two-hour 
laboratory. Prerequisite, Poultry 101 s. 

The physiology of development and incubation of the embryo, especially 
physiological pathology of the embryo in relation to hatchability. Phys- 
iology of growth and the influence of environmental factors on growth 
and development. Byerly. 



POULTRY HUSBANDRY 99 

Poultry 107 f. Poultry Industrial and Economic Problems (2) — Two 

lectures. 

This course presents the relation of poultry to agriculture as a whole, 
and its economic importance. Consumer prejudices and preferences, pro- 
duction, transportation, storage, and distribution problems, trends in the 
industry, surpluses and their utilization, poultry by-products and disease 
problems, are presented. Staff. 

Courses for Graduates 

Poultry 201 s. Advanced Poultry Genetics (3) — Three lectures. Prereq- 
uisite, Poultry 101 s or equivalent. 

This course serves as a foundation for research in poultry genetics. 
Linkage, crossing-over, inheritance of sex, the expression of genes in 
development, inheritance of resistance to disease and the influence of the 
environment on the expression of genetic capacities are considered. Jull. 



Poultry 202 f. Advanced Poultry Nutrition (3) — Two lectures, one 
laboratory. Prerequisite, Poultry 102 or equivalent. 

Deficiency diseases of poultry; vitamin, mineral and protein deficiencies. 
Synthetic diets, metabolism and the physiology of digestion, growth 
curves and their significance, and feed efficiency in growth and egg 
production. Bird. 

Poultry 203 s. Physiology of Reproduction of Poultry (3) — Two lec- 
tures, one two-hour laboratory. 

The role of the endocrines in reproduction, especially with respect to 
egg production. Fertility, sexual maturity, broodiness, molting, egg 
formation, ovulation, deposition of egg envelopes and the physiology of 
oviposition. Byerly. 



Poultry 204 f and s. Seminar (1). 

Reports of current researches by staff members, graduate students and 
guest speakers. Staff. 

Poultry 205 f and s. Poultry Literature (1-4). 

Readings on individual topics, oral and written reports, methods of 
analysis and presentation of scientific material. Staff. 



Poultry 206. Research in Poultry. 

Research with poultry may be conducted under the supervision of staff 
members toward the requirements for advanced degrees. Staff. 



100 PSYCHOLOGY 

PSYCHOLOGY 

Courses for Graduates and Advanced Undergraduates 

Psych. 110 f or s. Advanced Educational Psychology (3). Prerequisite, 
Psych. 10. 

More advanced treatment of the solution of basic psychological prob- 
lems in education by methods of controlled observation. Sprowls. 

Psych. 115 f. Detection and Treatment of Defects in Reading (3). Pre- 
requisite, Psych. 1 and permission of the instructor. 

A survey of the psychological problems involved in the discovery and 
treatment of reading defects at the college level. Macmillan. 

Psych. 120 f. Psychology of Individual Differences (3). Prerequisite, 
Psych. 1 or 10. 

The occurrence, nature, and causes of psychological differences between 
individuals, methods of measuring these differences, and their importance 
in education, business and industry. Hackman. 

Psych. 121 s. Social Psychology (3). Prerequisite, Psych. 1. 

Results of researches on behavior in social settings; experimental 
studies of the effects of group membership, of the family, and of current 
social forces. Jenkins. 

Psych. 125 f. Child Psychology (3). Prerequisite, Psych. 1 or 10. 

Experimental analysis of child behavior; motor and intellectual develop- 
ment; emotions; social behavior; parent-child relationships; and problems 
of the growing personality. Clark. 

Psych. 130 f and s. Mental Hygiene (3) — Two lectures and one clinic. 
Prerequisite, Psych. 1 or 10. 

The more common deviations of personality; typical methods of 
adjustment. Sprowls. 

Psych. 131 s. Abnormal Psychology (3) — Two lectures and one clinic. 
Prerequisite, Psych. 130. 

The nature, occurrence, and causes of psychological abnormality with 
emphasis on the clinical rather than theoretical aspects. Sprowls. 

Psych. 140 f. Psychological Problems in Market Research (3). Prereq- 
uisite, Psych. 3 s or permission of instructor. 

Use of methods of controlled observation in determining public reac- 
tions to merchandise, and in measuring the psychological influences at 
work in particular markets. Jenkins. 

Psych. 141 s. Psychology in Advertising and Selling (3). Prerequisite, 
Psych. 3 s. 

Experimental and statistical studies of psychological aspects of adver- 
tising; methods of measuring the effectiveness of advertising; the role 



PSYCHOLOGY 101 

of such factors as attention, memory, belief, etc.; problems associated 
with specific advertising media. Hackman. 

Psych. 150 s. Psychological Tests and Measurements (3) — Two lectures 
and one laboratory period. Prerequisite, Psych. 120 f or permission of 
instructor. 

Critical survey of psychological tests used in vocational orientation and 
in industry with emphasis on methods by which such tests are validated; 
practice in the use of tests and the interpretation of test data. Macmillan. 

Psych. 155 s. Vocational Orientation (3). Prerequisite, Psych. 150 s or 
equivalent. 

Psychological methods and results for occupational classification, and 
for worker selection, classification, and individual orientation. Bellows. 

Psych. 160 f. Industrial Psychology (3). Prerequisite, Psych. 3 s or 
permission of instructor. 

Controlled observation applied to psychological problems in industrial 
production, including psychological effects of conditions and methods of 
work. Hackman. 

Psych. 161 s. Personnel (3). Prerequisite, Psych. 3 s or permission of 
instructor. 

Psychological problems involved in the management of personnel in 
modern business and industry. A consideration of employee selection, 
measures of ability, methods of developing and maintaining personal 
efficiency and morale. Clark. 

Psych. 162 f. Advanced Personnel Psychology (3) — Lectures and field 
periods. Prerequisite, Psych. 161 f. 

Actual participation in industrial and governmental personnel pro- 
grams, together with periodic discussions of the principles involved. 
Intended primarily for students planning to enter personnel administra- 
tion. Clark. 

Psych. 165 s. Psychobiological Problems in Aviation (3). Prerequisite, 
Psych. 120 f or permission of instructor. 

Study of researchers dealing with human response to conditions met 
during flight. Selection and classification of flight personnel. Effects of 
high altitudes and accelerations. Effects of noise, fatigue and other con- 
ditions. Problems of tension and emotion. Jenkins. 

Psych. 170 f. Legal Psychology (3). Prerequisite, Psych. 121 s or per- 
mission of instructor. 

Interpretation of researches pertaining to accuracy of observation and 
of testimony, psychological aids in determination of guilt, and treatment 
of the offender. Sprowls. 

Psych. 190 y. Techniques of Investigation in Psychology (6) — Three 
periods of practice and discussion. Prerequisite, Psych. 3 s. 



102 PSYCHOLOGY 

A consideration of quantitative methods in psychology, the design of 
experiments, and actual practice in various methods of obtaining data 
and in treating these results for interpretation. Hackman. 

Courses for Graduates 

Psych. 200. Research in Psychotechnology. Credit apportioned to 
work accomplished. Staff. 

Psych. 210 y. Seminar in Educational Psychology (6). 

An advanced course for teachers and prospective teachers. Systematic 
approach to advanced problems in educational psychology based upon 
specific experimental contributions. Sprowls. 

Psych. 240 y. Seminar in Current Psychotechnological Problems (6). 

A systematic analysis of recent contributions in selected psychotechno- 
logical fields. Jenkins. 

Psych. 245 f. Advanced Psychological Problems in Market Research (3). 

A study of the specialized problems and techniques employed by the 
psychologist in market research. The course will attempt to combine 
systematic theory with actual practice in dealing with these research 
problems. Jenkins. 

Psych. 250 y. Participation in Testing Clinic (4-6). Credit apportioned 
to work accomplished. 

Actual practice in the administration of tests of aptitude, interest, and 
achievement, and interpretation of test data in the course of routine 
operation of the testing bureau. Bellows. 

Psych. 251 s. Development and Validation of Psychological Tests (3). 

Prerequisite, Psych. 150 s. 

Methods for evaluating criteria and for the analysis and combination of 
test and predictor items. Bellows. 

Psych. 255 s. Occupational Psychology (3). Prerequisite, consent of 
instructor. 

Experimental development and use of the vocational counseling inter- 
view, aptitude tests, and related techniques for the occupational 
orientation of youth. Bellows. 

Psych. 280 s. Pol. Sci. 222 s. Analysis of Propaganda (3)— Two lec- 

tui'es and one discussion. Prerequisite, consent of instructors. 

Analytical approach to modern propaganda, including study of organi- 
zations which employ propaganda, of techniques in actual use in dis- 
semination of propaganda, and of attempts at measuring the effects of 
propaganda. Responsibility for instruction is shared by the Department 
of Political Science and the Department of Psychology. Bone, Jenkins. 



SOCIOLOGY 103 

Psych. 209 f. Problems of Experimental Design in Psychology (3). 

Prerequisite, consent of instructor. 

Application of advanced research techniques to specific fields in psycho- 
technology, with actual practice in their use. Hackman. 



SOCIOLOGY 

Courses for Graduates and Advanced Undergraduates 

Soc. 101 f. Social Organization (2) — Two lectures. Prerequisite, Soc. 
3 f and 4 s. 

A systematic analysis of the forms of organization common to basic 
social institutions; variations of these forms in time and space; classifi- 
cation of forms of organization; conditioning factors of organizational 
forms; application of findings to contemporary problems. Joslyn. 

Soc. 102 s. Community Organization (3) — Two lectures, one discussion. 
Prerequisite, Soc. 3 f and 4 s. 

An analysis of the community and its component social groups; 
ecological basis of the community; determination of the boundaries of 
communities and neighborhoods; characteristics of rural and urban com- 
munities; social institutions of the community; social change and the 
community; the structure and functions of special interest groups; the 
community council. Dodson. 

Soc. 103 f. Rural Sociology (3) — Two lectures, one discussion. Pre- 
requisite, Soc. 3 f and 4 s. 

The structure and functions of rural communities; the evolution of 
rural culture; rural institutions and their problems; the psychology of 
rural life; composition and characteristics of the rural population; rela- 
tion of rural life to the major social processes; the social aspects of 
rural planning. Holt. 

Soc. 104 s. Urban Sociology (3) — Two lectures, one discussion. Prereq- 
uisite, Soc. 3 f and 4 s. 

The origin and growth of cities; composition and characteristics of city 
populations; the social ecology of the city; social relationships and 
groupings in the city; the organization of urban activities; social prob- 
lems of the city; the planning and control of urban development. Holt. 

Soc. 105 f. Population Problems (3) — Two lectures, one discussion. 
Prerequisite, Soc. 3 f and 4 s. (Not offered in 1941-1942.) 

Population growth in the United States; contemporary trends in 
fertility and mortality; differential fertility and mortality; changes in the 
composition of our population and their significance; population migration 
in modern times; qualitative problems of population; theories of popu- 
lation growth and decline. Holt. 



104 SOCIOLOGY 

Soc. 106 s. Regional Sociology (3) — Two lectures, one discussion. Pre- 
requisite, Soc. 3 f and 4 s. Each student will be required to prepare a term 
paper. 

An analysis of American society in terms of regional factors and their 
impact upon social institutions. Problems to be covered will include: the 
meanings and implications of regionalism; criteria of regional differentia- 
tion; types of regions in the United States; problems peculiar to these 
regions; metropolitan, rural, cultural, and administrative regionalism; 
regional planning and development. Hodge. 

Soc. 107 f. Ethnic Minority Groups (2) — Two lectures. Prerequisite, 
Soc. 3 f and 4 s or consent of instructor. 

Theoretical aspects of ethnic group relations; cultural backgrounds 
of immigrant groups in America; social processes and class structure with 
reference to certain minority peoples; effects of cultural contacts upon 
personality. Wilson. 

Soc. 108 s. Marriage and the Family (3) — Two lectures, one discussion. 
Prerequisite, Soc. 3 f or consent of instructor. 

The family as an institution; variations of the family in time and 
space; family interaction: courtship and mating behavior, marital be- 
havior, parent-child behavior, member roles and personality; family 
tensions and maladjustments: structural and functional factors, conflict 
patterns, divorce and desertion; family and society; family adjustment 
and social change. Wilson. 

Soc. 109 s. Comparative Sociology (2) — Two lectures. Prerequisite, 
Soc. 3 f and 4 s. 

A comparative analysis of the basic institutions of primitive and civi- 
lized societies; resemblances and differences in patterns of material and 
non-material culture; contrasting types of social organization and 
member roles; the origin, diffusion, and change of traits and complexes; 
significance of findings for sociological generalization. Wilson. 

Soc. 120 f. Social Pathology (3) — Two lectures and one field trip. Pre- 
requisite, Soc. 3 f and 4 s, or consent of instructor. 

A study of social maladjustments which represent deviations from 
generally accepted norms. Problems to be covered will include: poverty, 
unemployment, family disorganization, crime and delinquency, suicide, 
and the misuse of leisure time. Hodge. 

Soc. 121 f. Criminology (3) — Two lectures, one discussion. Prereq- 
uisite, Soc. 3 f and 4 s or consent of instructor. 

The social significance of crime; causative factors; forms and processes 
of criminal behavior; detection, apprehension, and prosecution methods; 
penology and treatment; public policy and crime prevention. Wilson. 

Soc. 123 f. The Sociology of Leisure (3) — Two lectures, one discussion. 
Prerequisite, Soc. 120 f or consent of instructor. 



SOCIOLOGY 105 

This course deals primarily with the sociological implications of leisure 
time and its uses. Topics to be considered will include: the meanng and 
significance of leisure; the conditioning factors of leisure time and its 
uses; the changing uses of leisure; leisure and personality; theories of 
play and recreation; commercial, public, and voluntary forms of recrea- 
tion; planning of leisure time activities. Hodge. 

Soc. 124 s. Introduction to Social Work (3) — Two lectures and one field 
trip. Prerequisite, Soc. 120 f. 

The theory of social work; social case work, generic and specific; pro- 
cedure and techniques in social case work; principles of social diagnosis; 
present day types of social work; administration of public and private 
welfare agencies. Joslyn. 

Soc. 130 f. Recent Social Thought (3) — Two lectures, one discussion. 
Prerequisite, Soc. 3 f and 4 s. Required of all sociology majors. 

A general survey and critical study of the leading schools of sociological 
thought since 1800. Wilson. 

Soc. 131 f. Techniques of Investigation in Sociology (3) — Three periods 
of practice and discussion. Prerequisite, Soc. 3 f and 4 s. 

A study of quantitative methods in sociology and actual practice in 
various methods of obtaining, analyzing, and interpreting data. Holt. 

Soc. 150 s. Field Practice in Social Work (3). Prerequisite, Soc. 124 s 
or consent of instructor. Enrollment restricted to available opportunities. 

Supervised field work of various types undertaken during the summer 
months and suited to the needs of the individual student. Joslyn. 

Courses for Graduates 

Soc. 200 y. Seminar in Methodology (6) — Three periods of discussion. 
Required of all graduate students in sociology. 

A study of fundamental methodological problems in sociology. Among 
the subjects to be considered will be: language problems in scientific 
discourse; operational concepts in sociology; the postulates, procedures, 
and methods of science; the uses and limitations of quantitative methods; 
the sociology of knowledge; controversial issues in sociology; techniques 
of investigation. Staff. 

Soc. 201 f. Seminar in Systematic Sociology (3) — Three periods of 
discussion. Required of all graduate students in sociology. 

A study of social systems and the processes by which these systems 
maintain an equilibrium between external and internal forces. Joslyn. 

Soc. 202 s. Sociological Theory (3) — Two lectures, one discussion. Re- 
quired of all graduate students in sociology. 



106 SOCIOLOGY 

An analysis and evaluation of the works of outstanding theorists in 
Europe and America. Special attention will be given to Simmel, 
Vierkandt, Von Wiese, Tonnies, Weber, Durkheim, Pareto, Thomas, and 
Sorokin. Wilson. 

Soc. 203 s. Comparative Sociology (3) — Two lectures, one discussion. 

A study of certain aspects of the process of personality organization 
and disorganization in the framework of selected primitive societies as 
compared with contemporary American society. Wilson. 

Soc. 204 s. Community Organization (3) — Two lectures, one discussion. 

Criteria of community organization and disorganization; variables in 
community organization and their conditioning factors; special problems 
in the organization of rural, village, suburban, and urban communities; 
community stability and instability; the lay and professional leader in 
the community. Classroom and field studies will be made of the composi- 
tion, structure, and functioning of selected communities. Dodson. 

Soc. 205 f. Rural-Urban Sociology (3) — Two lectures, one discussion. 

A study of the differences between rural and urban societies with refer- 
ence to composition of population, social mobility, social relationships, 
differentiation of social groups, standards of living, mores and attitudes, 
and various pathological conditions. Holt. 

Soc. 206 s. Regional Sociology (3) — Two lectures, one discussion. 

A comparative analysis of regional trends in the United States and 
various foreign countries. Topics to be covered will include: the meanings 
and implications of regionalism; historical origins of regionalism; demar- 
cation of regions in the United States on the basis of geographic, eco- 
nomic, demographic, political, and cultural criteria; characteristics and 
problems peculiar to each region; the role of local, state, and national 
administrative units in regional planning and development. Hodge. 

Soc. 207 s. Population Problems (3) — Two lectures, one discussion. 

An intensive study of selected problems in the fields of population 
growth, fertility and mortality, population composition, and population 
migration. Holt. 

Soc. 208 s. Occupational Sociology (3) — Two lectures, one discussion. 

Structure and function of the social division of labor; typologies of 
occupational organization; major bases of differentiation; criteria of a 
profession; the role of professionalism in social organization; a meth- 
odology for analyzing the professions; sociological study of selected 
professions. Wilson. 

Soc. 209 f. Social Organization (3) — Two lectures, one discussion. 

A study of the forms of organization common to basic social institu- 
tions; classification of these forms; variations of forms of organization 
in time and space; conditioning factors of organizational forms; applica- 
tion of findings to contemporary problems. Joslyn. 



ZOOLOGY 107 

Soc. 210 f. The Sociology of Leadership (3) — Two lectures, one dis- 
cussion. 

An analysis of the leader-follower relationship; leadership denned; 
factors conditioning the leadership situation; leadership as a function of 
the group; the leader as an instrument of social conti-ol; methods of 
developing group support; the professional and lay leader; functions of 
the leader; types of leaders; morale as a function of leadership. Dodson. 

Soc. 221 f. Criminology (3) — Two lectures, one discussion. 

A study of the principal theoretical problems of criminological investi- 
gation, with emphasis upon a methodological analysis of selected 
monographs. Wilson. 

Soc. 250. Research in Sociology — Credit apportioned to work accom- 
plished. 

Individual research projects involving either field work or analysis of 
compiled data. Staff. 

ZOOLOGY 

Courses for Graduates and Advanced Undergraduates 

Zool. 101 s. Mammalian Anatomy (3) — Three laboratories. Registra- 
tion limited. Permission of the instructor must be obtained before 
registration. 

A course in the dissection of the cat or other mammal. By special 
permission of the instructor a vertebrate other than the cat may be used 
for study. Phillips. 

Zool. 102 s. Histological Technique (3) — One lecture; two laboratories. 
Registration is limited and the permission of the instructor must be ob- 
tained before registration. 

The prepai'ation of animal tissues for microscopical examination. The 
course is designed to qualify the student in the preparation of tissues and 
blood for normal and pathological study. Hard. 

Zool. 103 y. General Animal Physiology (6) — Two lectures; one labora- 
tory. Prerequisites, one year of chemistry and one course in vertebrate 
anatomy. Registration limited to twelve, and permission of instructor 
must be obtained before registration. 

The first semester work deals with the fundamentals of cellular and 
general physiology. The second semester is devoted to an application of 
these principles to the higher animals. Phillips. 

Zool. 104 f. Genetics (3) — Three lectures. 

A general course designed to give an insight into the principles of 
genetics, or of heredity; a consideration of the factors instrumental in 
the transmission of characters through successive generations. A course 
to prepare students for advanced courses in the breeding of animals and 
plants. Burhoe. 



108 ZOOLOGY 

Zool. 105 f. Aquiculture (3) — Two lectures; one laboratory. Prerequi- 
site, one course in zoology. 

The course deals with the practices employed in rearing aquatic animals 
and the properties of natui'al waters which render them suitable for 
environmental purposes. Truitt. 

Zool. 120 s. Advanced Genetics (3) — One lecture, two laboratories. 
Prerequisite, Zool. 104 f . 

A consideration of salivary chromosomes, the nature of the gene, 
chromosome irregularities, polyploidy, and mutations. Breeding experi- 
ments with Drosophila and small mammals will be conducted. Burhoe. 

Zool. 121 f. Principles of Animal Ecology (3) — Two lectures; one 
laboratory. Prerequisite, one course in zoology. 

Animals are studied in relation to their natural surroundings. Biologi- 
cal, physical, and chemical factors of the environment which affect the 
growth, behavior, habits, and distribution of animals are stressed in lec- 
ture and laboratory. The use of ecological instruments is studied in the 
laboratory and on field excursions to local areas of special interest. The 
course is designed to give a broad survey of the field of ecology and to 
offer a background for students who wish to continue with some special 
problem in the field. Tressler. 

Courses for Graduates 

Zool. 200 f. Marine Zoology (4) — Two lectures; two laboratories. 
Problems in salt water animal life of the higher phyla. Truitt. 

Zool. 201 s. Microscopical Anatomy (4) — Two lectures; two labora- 
tories. 

A detailed study of the morphology and activity of cells composing 
animal tissues. Recent advances in the field of cytology are covered in 
lectures, assigned readings, and reports. Hard. 

Zool. 203 s. Advanced Embryology (4) — Two lectures; two laboratories. 

Mechanics of fertilization and growth. A review of the important con- 
tributions in the field of experimental embryology and development of 
animals, including a consideration of tissue culture and transplantation. 

Burhoe. 

Zool. 204 f. Advanced Animal Physiology (4) — Two lectures; two 
laboratories. 

The principles of general and cellular physiology as found in animal 
life. Phillips. 

Zool. 205 s. Hydrobiology (4) — Two lectures; two laboratories. 

A study of the biological, chemical and physical factors which determine 
the growth, distribution and productivity of microscopic and near micro- 
scopic organisms in marine and freshwater environments, with special 



CHESAPEAKE BIOLOGICAL LABORATORY 109 

reference to the Chesapeake Bay region. Microscopic examination and 
identification of plankton, and experience with hydrobiological equipment 
and methods, is provided for in the laboratory and field. Tressler. 

Zool. 206. Research. Credit to be arranged. Staff. 

Zool. 207 y. Zoological Seminar (2). Staff. 

CHESAPEAKE BIOLOGICAL LABORATORY 

This laboratory, located in the center of the Chesapeake Bay country, 
is on Solomons Island, Maryland. It is sponsored by the University of 
Maryland in cooperation with the Maryland Conservation Department, 
Goucher College, Washington College, Johns Hopkins University, Western 
Maryland College, and the Carnegie Institution of Washington, in order 
to afford a center for wild life research and study where facts tending 
toward a fuller appreciation of nature may be gathered and disseminated. 
The program projects a comprehensive survey of the biota of the Chesa- 
peake region. 

The laboratory is open throughout the year. Courses are offered for 
advanced undergraduate and graduate students, during a six-week summer 
session, in the following subjects: Economic Zoology, Protozoology 
Invertebrates, Ichthyology, Algae, and Diatoms. Not more than two 
courses may be taken by a student, who must meet the requirements of 
the Department of Zoology as well as those of the laboratory before 
matriculation. Classes are limited to eight matriculants. Students pur- 
suing special research may establish residence for the summer, or for 
the entire year. 

Laboratory facilities; boats of various types fully equipped with pumps, 
nets, dredges and other apparatus; and shallow water collecting devices 
are available for the work without cost to the students. 

For further information about work at the Chesapeake Biological Lab- 
oratory, apply to Dr. R. V. Truitt, Director, College Park, Maryland. 



110 



GRADUATE COURSES IN THE PROFESSIONAL SCHOOLS AT 

BALTIMORE 



SCHOOL OF MEDICINE 

ANATOMY 

Minors 

The courses recorded under "Minors" are acceptable as graduate 
courses only if they are taken to satisfy minor requirements in a major 
subject. 

Anat. 101 f. Human Gross Anatomy (10) — Total number of hours, 288. 
Five lectures; fifteen laboratory hours per week throughout the first 
semester. 

A complete dissection of the human body (exclusive of the central 
nervous system). 

Uhlenhuth, Figge, Plagge, Covington, Brantigan, Teitelbaum. 

Anat. 102 f. Mammalian Histology (6) — Two lectures; ten laboratory 
hours per week. 

A general survey of the histological structure of the organs of mammals 
and man. Opportunity is offered for examining and studying a complete 
collection of microscopical sections. Davis, Lutz, Harne. 

Anat. 103 s. Human Neurology (4) — Three lectures and six laboratory 
hours per week for ten weeks of the second semester. Prerequisite, 
Anat. 102 or equivalent. 

This course provides a general survey of the structure of the human 
central nervous system, being mainly directed toward the fiber tracts and 
nuclei contained therein. It includes a brief study of the special senses. 
The laboratory work is based on a dissection of the human brain, together 
with the study of prepared microscopic sections of the brain stem. 

Davis, Lutz, Harne. 

Majors 

Anat. 202. Research. Credit in accordance with the amount of work 
done. 

Work may be in the field of Embryology, or of Histology. Open to 
students majoring in Anatomy. Davis, Harne. 

Courses 203, 204 and 205 are offered throughout the year, including the 
summer time. Time and credit are adjusted in personal conference 
between student and instructor. 

Anat. 203. Advanced Gross Anatomy. Number of hours by arrange- 
ment. 



BIOCHEMISTRY 111 

The study of human anatomy by gross anatomical methods, especially 
by dissection of specialized structures and limited regions of the human 
body. The exact nature of this course will depend on the requirements of 
the applicant. It may be taken by students of anatomy, medicine and 
biology as well as by physicians desiring graduate work. 

Uhlhenhuth, Figge, Plagge, Brantigan. 

Anat. 204. Experimental Anatomy of the Endocrine Glands. 

This course is intended to impart broad familiarity with the subject and 
to provide, through the medium of laboratory work, a knowledge of the 
methods of its investigation. Intimate contact with the instructor, 
frequent informal discussions and properly selected reading take the place 
of formal lectures. Uhlenhuth. 

Anat. 205. Problems in the Experimental Anatomy of the Endocrines. 

This course is a continuation of the previous one, but on an advanced 
level. It may be used for the preparation of a thesis leading to a Ph.D. 
degree. Uhlenhuth. 



BACTERIOLOGY 
Minors 

Bact. 101 f. General Bacteriology (5). Sixteen lectures and 104 labora- 
tory hours. 

The course includes the preparation and sterilization of culture media 
and the study of pathogenic bacteria and the more important protozoa. 
The principles of general bacteriology are discussed in lectures. 

Bact. 102 s. Immunology (4) — Sixteen lectures and 56 laboratory hours. 

Principles of immunology are discussed in the lectures. Experiments 
to demonstrate the action of various antibodies are performed by the 
students. 

Majors 

Bact. 201. Special Problems. Time and credit are subject to special 
arrangement. A laboratory course on selected problems of bacteriology. 
The lectures are supplemented by personal contact with the instructor, 
discussions of the various phases of the work and by reading. 

Bact. 202. Research. Time and credit are subject to special arrangement. 

BIOCHEMISTRY 

Minors 

Biochem. 101 s. Principles of Biochemistry (8) — Seven lectures and 
conferences, and two three-hour laboratory periods per week for sixteen 
weeks, from February to May, inclusive. Prerequisites, Chem. 1 A and 
B y, Chem. 8 A and B y, Chem. 103 A and B y. 



112 PHARMACOLOGY 

This course is designed to present the principles of biological chemistry 
and to indicate their applications to the clinical aspects of medicine. The 
phenomena of living matter and its chief ingredients, secretions and 
excretions, are discussed in lectures and conferences and examined experi- 
mentally. Training is given in routine biochemical methods of investiga- 
tion. This course is a prerequisite to advanced work in this subject. 
Graduate students who take this course as a minor toward a higher degree 
are required to supplement it by extra-curricular work. 

Wylie, Schmidt, Ogden. 

Majors 

Biochem. 201 f and s. A course in specialized fields of biochemistry 
designed to prepare the student for advanced research work. Prerequisite, 
Biochem. 101 s. The particular phases of biochemistry taken up in this 
course will vary with the requirements and interests of the student. The 
course is limited to students working toward a Ph.D. degree in bio- 
chemistry and in other biological subjects. Credit is allotted in keeping 
with the extent and quality of work accomplished. Wylie, Schmidt. 

Biochem. 202. Research. Limited to graduate students seeking a Ph.D. 
degree in biochemistry. Credit is given on the basis of extent and 
quality of accomplishment. Wylie, Schmidt. 



PHARMACOLOGY 

All students majoring in pharmacology with a view to obtaining the 
degree of Master of Science or Doctor of Philosophy should secure special 
training in anatomy, mammalian physiology, organic chemistry, and 
physical chemistry (Chem. 102 Ay). 

Minors 

Pharmacology 101 f and s. General Pharmacology (7) — Three lectures; 
one laboratory. This course consists of 90 lectures and 30 laboratory 
periods of three hours each; offered each year, September to May inclu- 
sive, at the Medical School. 

Pharmacology as applied to medicine and the fundamental principles 
of pharmacologic technique are taught in this course, hence it is a pre- 
requisite for all other advanced courses in this subject. 

Krantz, Carr, Evans, Musser, Harne, Johnson. 

Majors 

Pharmacology 202 f. Chemotherapy. Credit in accordance with the 
amount of work accomplished. 

The action of new synthetic compounds from a pharmacodynamic point 
of view. Krantz. 



PHYSIOLOGY 113 

Pharmacology 203 f. Carbohydrate Metabolism. Credit in accordance 
with the amount of work accomplished. 

A systematic study of the relationship between chemical constitution 
and the fate of carbohydrates and carbohydrate-like substances in the 
animal body. Krantz, Carr. 

Pharmacology 204 f. Research. Credit in accordance with the amount 
of work accomplished. 

Properly guided research problems in pharmacology and related fields. 
Open to students majoring in pharmacology. Krantz, Carr. 

Pharmacology 205 f. Research. Credit in accordance with the amount of 
work accomplished. 

Special problems in toxicology, the detections of poisons in viscera, and 
industrial poisons. Evans. 



PHYSIOLOGY 

Courses for Graduates and Advanced Undergraduates 

Physiology 101. The Principles of Physiology (8) — Four lectures, two 
conferences, and two laboratory periods a week, supplemented by demon- 
strations. September to January, inclusive. 

The fundamental concepts of physiology are presented in lectures and 
illustrated by laboratory experiments. Attention is given especially to 
those phases of physiology which are essential for a medical training. 

Amberson and staff. 

Courses for Graduates 

Physiology 201. Experimental Mammalian Physiology. Time and 
credit by arrangement. 

Open to properly qualified graduate students. The work will consist of 
selected experiments and discussions involving the original literature. 

Amberson, Smith, Oster, Toman. 

Physiology 202. Water and Electrolyte Balance in the Vertebrate Body 

(1) — One lecture a week, February to May, inclusive. 

Review of recent work dealing with the electrolytes of blood and tissues, 
with the associated distribution of water, and with the role of the kidney 
in water and electrolyte regulation. Amberson. 

Physiology 203. Humoral Control of Physiological Function (1) — One 

lecture a week, February to May, inclusive. 

Discussion of recent advances in our knowledge of the chemical control 
of various bodily activities, with particular emphasis on the physiology of 
the endocrine glands and the vitamines. Smith. 



114 PHYSIOLOGY 

Physiology 204. Electrophysiology (1) — One lecture a week, February 
to May, inclusive. 

Discussion of recent developments in electrophysiology. Oster, Toman. 

Physiology 205. Seminar. Credit according to work done. 
Intensive study of the literature in selected fields of physiology as 
preparation for research. Amberson and staff. 

Physiology 206. Research. By arrangement with the head of the 
department. Staff. 



115 



SCHOOL OF PHARMACY 

BACTERIOLOGY 

201 f. Chemotherapy (1) — One lecture. (Given in alternate years.) 

A study of the chemistry, toxicity, pharmacology and therapeutic value 
of drugs employed in the treatment of parasitic diseases. Grubb. 

202 s. Immuno-chemistry (1) — One lecture. (Given in alternate years.) 
A study of the chemical nature of antigens, antibodies and the antibody- 
antigen reactions. Grubb. 

203 f, 204 s. Special Problems in Bacteriology. 

A laboratory course on selected problems in bacteriology including 
library reading and conferences with the instructor. Credit determined 
by amount and quality of work performed. Grubb. 



BOTANY 

Courses for Graduates and Advanced Undergraduates 

101 y. Taxonomy of the Higher Plants (2) — One lecture; one laboratory. 
(Given in alternate years.) 

A study of the kinds of seed plants and ferns, their classifications, and 
field work on local flora. Emphasis will be placed on official drug plants. 
Instruction will be given in the preparation of an herbarium. Slama. 

102 y. Plant Anatomy (8) — Two lectures; two laboratories. 
Lectures and laboratory work covering advanced plant anatomy with 

special emphasis placed on the structures of roots, stems and leaves of 
vascular plants. Slama. 

Courses for Graduates 

201 y. Advanced Study of Vegetable Powders (4-8) — Two lectures; 
two laboratories. (Given in alternate years.) 

A study of powdered vegetable drugs and spices from the structural 
and micro-chemical standpoints, including practice in identification and 
detection of adulterants. Slama. 

Bot. 202 y. Advanced Pharmacognosy (4-8) — Two lectures; two labora- 
tories. 

A study of many crude drugs not ordinarily studied in other pharma- 
cognosy courses. Special attention will be given to practical problems 
and to the identification and detection of adulterants. Slama. 

Bot. 203. Research in Pharmacognosy. Credit according to amount and 
quality of work performed. 



116 PHARMACEUTICAL CHEMISTRY 

PHARMACEUTICAL CHEMISTRY 

Courses for Graduates and Advanced Undergraduates 

Chem. 102 A y. Physical Chemistry (6) — Three lectures. Prerequisites, 
Chem. 2 y and 4 f, and Phys. 1 y. 

This course aims to furnish the student with a thorough background in 
the theories and laws of chemistry. The gas laws, kinetic theory, liquids, 
solutions, elementary thermodynamics, thermochemistry, equilibrium, 
chemical kinetics, etc., will be discussed. Vanden Bosche. 

Chem. 102 B y. Physical Chemistry (2-4) — One or two laboratories. 
Prerequisite, Chem. 102 A y, or may be taken simultaneously with 102 A y. 

This course consists of quantitative experiments designed to demon- 
strate physico-chemical principles, illustrate practical applications and 
acquaint the student with precision apparatus. Vanden Bosche. 

Pharm. Chem. 103 y. Physiological Chemistry (8) — Two lectures, two 
laboratories. Prerequisites, Chem. 1 y, 2 y, 4 s, Physiol. 1 s. 

General survey of the subject, including study of digestion, metabolism, 
excretion, enzymes, hormones, vitamins, and other topics of pharmaceu- 
tical interest. Chapman, Gittinger, McNamara. 

Pharm. Chem. 110 y. Chemistry of Medicinal Products (4) — Three 
lectures. Prerequisite, Chem. 2 y. 

A survey of the structural relationships, syntheses and chemical prop- 
erties of important medicinal products. Hartung et al. 

Pharm. Chem. Ill y. Laboratory Exercises in Chemistry of Medicinal 
Products (1-4) — Two laboratories. Prerequisite, Pharm. Chem. 110 y; 
or may be taken simultaneously with Pharm. Chem. 110 y. 

Laboratory exercises dealing with important and characteristic chemi- 
cal properties of pharmaceutical and medicinal products. Hartung et al. 

Chem. 117 y. Organic Laboratory (2) — One laboratory. Prerequisite, 
Pharm. Chem. Ill y. 

A course devoted to an elementary study of organic qualitative analysis. 
This work includes the identification of unknown organic compounds. 

Starkey. 

Chem. 118 y. Advanced Organic Laboratory (2) — One laboratory. 
Prerequisite, Pharm. Chem. Ill y. 

A study of organic quantitative analysis and the preparation of organic 
compounds. Quantitative determinations of carbon and hydrogen, 
nitrogen and halogens are carried out, and representative syntheses, 
more difficult than those of Chem. 2 y, are studied. Starkey. 

Courses for Graduates 

Pharm. Chem. 200 y. Survey of Pharmaceutical Chemistry (4). Pre- 
requisite, Pharm. Chem. 110 y and Illy, or equivalent. 



PHARMACOLOGY 117 

A survey of the chemical structure and reactions of selected groups of 
pharmaceutical^ and pharmacologically important compounds of non- 
basic nature. Hartung, Starkey. 

Pharm. Chem. 201 y. Chemistry of Alkaloids (4) — Two lectures. 
A survey of the chemical structure and the reactions of pharmaceuti- 
cally and pharmacologically important organic bases. Hartung. 

Pharm. Chem. 202 y. Advanced Pharmaceutical Synthesis (1-8) — 

Laboratory work and conferences. 

A study of fundamental and basic chemical procedures employed in the 
synthesis of various drugs and their intermediates, and a survey of their 
application. Hartung. 

Pharm. Chem. 203 y. Pharmaceutical Chemistry Seminar (2). 

Reports of progress and discussion of the problems encountered in 
research and the presentation of papers which survey the recent develop- 
ments of pharmaceutical chemistry reported in the current literature. 
Required of all students majoring in the department throughout their 
period of matriculation. Hartung. 

Pharm. Chem. 204 y. Advanced Pharmaceutical Analysis (1-4). Pre- 
requisites, Chem. 117 y and 118 y. 

A laboratory study of the analytical procedures and methods as applied 
to official and commercial, natural and synthetic drugs, their inter- 
mediates and derivatives. Hartung. 

Pharm. Chem. 205. Research in Pharmaceutical Chemistry. Credit to 
be determined by the amount and quality of work performed. Hartung. 



PHARMACOLOGY 

Courses for Graduates and Advanced Undergraduates 

Pharmacology 110 f. Official Methods of Biological Assay (4) — Two 

lectures, two laboratories. Prerequisite, Physiology 1 f and Pharmacology 

iy. 

A course in the methods of biological assay prescribed by the United 
States Pharmacopoeia and the National Formulary. Chapman. 

Courses for Graduates 

Pharmacology 201 y. Methods of Biological Assay (8) — Two lectures; 
two laboratories. Prerequisite, Pharmacology 110 f. (Given in alternate 
years.) 

The application of statistical methods to the problems of biological 
assay and a study of the more impoi'tant unofficial methods for the assay 
of therapeutic substances. Chapman. 



118 PHARMACY 

Pharmacology 202 y. Special Studies in Pharmaco-dynamics (4-8) — Two 

lectures; two laboratories. Prerequisite, Pharmacology 1 y. (Given in 
alternate years.) 

The procedures involved in pharmacological analysis and in the deter- 
mination of the site of action and the nature of action of drugs. Chapman. 

Pharmacology 203 y. Special Studies in Biological Assay Methods 

(4-8) — Laboratory work and conferences. Prerequisite, Pharmacology 
110 f, Pharmacology 201 y. 

The development of biological assay methods and comparative standards 
for substances for which there are no satisfactory methods or standards. 

Chapman. 

Pharmacology 204. Research in Pharmacology and Therapeutics. Credit 
according to amount and quality of work performed. Chapman. 



PHARMACY 

Courses for Graduates and Advanced Undergraduates 

Pharmacy 101 y. (6) — One lecture; two laboratories. Prerequisite, con- 
sent of the instructor. 

A continuation of the courses given in the Pharmacy School in the second 
and third years with special reference to methods employed in the manu- 
facture of pharmaceuticals on a commercial scale. DuMez, Andrews. 

Courses for Graduates 

Pharmacy 201 y. Advanced Pharmaceutical Technology (8) — Two lec- 
tures; two laboratories. 

A study of pharmaceutical manufacturing processes from the stand- 
point of plants, crude materials used, their collection, preservation, and 
transformation into forms suitable for therapeutic use. DuMez, Andrews. 

Pharmacy 202 y. Survey of Pharmaceutical Literature (2) — One lecture. 
(Given in alternate years.) 

Lectures and topics on the literature pertaining to pharmacy with 
special reference to the origin and development of the works on drug 
standards; pharmaceutical periodicals. DuMez. 

Pharmacy 203 y. History of Pharmacy (4) — Two lectures. (Given in 
alternate years.) 

Lectures and topics on the development of pharmacy in America and 
in the principal countries of Europe. DuMez. 

Pharmacy 204. Research in Pharmacy. Credit and hours to be arranged. 

DuMez. 



INDEX 



Page 

Administration 

Board of Regents 5 

Graduate Council 6 

Officers 6 

Accounting 29 

Admission 

to Graduate School 7 

to candidacy for degrees 9 

Agricultural Economics 17 

Agricultural Education 19 

Agronomy 21 

Anatomy 110 

Animal Husbandry 22 

Bacteriology 23, 111, 115 

Biochemistry Ill 

Botany 26, 115 

Business Administration 29 

Calendar 4 

Candidacy for advanced degrees ....9, 10, 12 

Chemistry 38 

Analytical 39 

Biological 43 

General 38 

Organic 39 

Physical 41 

Chesapeake Biological Laboratory 109 

Classical Languages 44 

Commencement 15 

Comparative Literature 44 

Dairy Husbandry 46 

Doctor of Philosophy, requirements 12 

Economics 49 

Education 52 

History and principles 53 

Commercial 57 

Educational psychology 56 

Methods in H. S. subjects 56 

Home economics 57 

Industrial 58 

Physical 59 

Engineering 59 

Chemical 59 

Civil 61 

Mechanical 63 

English Language and Literature 65 

Entomology 71 

Examinations 

for Master's degree 11 

for Doctor's degree 13 

modern language for Ph.D. candidates.. 13 

Fees 14 

Fellowships 15 

application for 15 

service 15 

stipend 15 

residence requirements 15 



Page 

Finance 31 

French 86 

German 87 

Graduate Assistantships 15 

service 15 

stipend 15 

residence 15 

Graduate Club 7 

History of Graduate School 7 

History, courses in 73 

Home Economics 77 

Foods and nutrition 77 

Home and institution management 78 

Textiles and clothing 79 

Art 79 

Horticulture 80 

Libraries 7 

Master of Arts, Master of Science, 

requirements 10 

Master of Education, requirements 12 

Marketing 33 

Mathematics 82 

Medicine, School of 110 

Modern Languages 86 

Pharmaceutical Chemistry 116 

Pharmacy, School of 115 

courses in 118 

Pharmacology 112, 117 

Philosophy 90 

Physics 91 

Physiology 113 

Plant Pathology 27 

Plant Physiology 28 

Political Science 94 

Poultry Husbandry 98 

Professional Schools in Baltimore 

general 9 

courses in 110 

Psychology 100 

Registration 8 

Residence Requirements 

for Doctor's degree 12 

for Master's degree 10 

for assistants and fellows 15 

Seniors, graduate work by 9 

Sociology 103 

Soils 21 

Spanish 89 

Summer School 9 

Thesis 

Doctor's 13 

Master's 11 

Trade and Transportation 34 

Zoology 107