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A New Hampshire Magazine 


History, Biography, Literature 
and State progress 






Along Our Shore, by B. B. P. Greene 217 

An Interesting; Historic Event — Addresses by John Scale,? and Capt. John H. Bartlett 141 

Atkinson's Anniversary — Address by George A. Page 19S 

Chandler, William E., by H. H. Metcalf 205 

Gobbett, Rev. Thomas, by William S. Harris 10 

Cobbett's Pond — Orthography of the Name of, by William S. Harris 133 

Danforth, Mary Shepherd, M. D., by J. Elizabeth Hoyt -Stevens, M. D 117 

Early Settlers of East Northwood, by J. M. Moses 37 

Early Settlers of Northwood, by J. M. Moses 209 

Editor and Publisher's Notes 24, 54, 100, 13S, 170, 202, 234 

Friendly Club, The, by Harriet C. Kimball 25 

Henry Sherburne's Graveyard, by J. M. Moses 103 

Hiram's Success, by Frank A. Aiken 47 

In a New Hampshire Garret, by Norman C. Tice 228 

In a Bedford Peach Orchard. . , 20 

Lempster's 150th Anniversary — Historical Address, by H. H. Metcalf v . . . . 173 

Morning Light, The, by Georgiana Prescott ....*.... 104 

New Hampshire's Contribution to Massachusetts, by H. H. Metcalf 109 

New Hampshire Legislature of 1917, by James W. Tucker 55 

Pineholm, on the Contoocook, by Helen R. Holmes 30 

Pinehurst, by Helen Adams Parker 226 

Piscataqua Mast Fleet, by Oliver L. Frisbee . 19 

Problem of the Provincial Stage, by Edward J. Parshlev 49 

Seward, Rev. Josiah L., D. D, by Rev. S. H. McCollester, D. D 193 

Stone Face, The (Translation), by Ellen McR. Mason 34 

Saint Paul's Episcopal Church, Concord, by Burns P. Hodgman . . . '. 1 

Sanborn, Kate, An Appreciation, by Edna Dean Proctor 195 

Strength of the Hills, The, by Mervin J. Curl . 153 

Suns of the Night, by Charles Nevers Holmes 223 

Tom's Adventure, bv Lucy H. Heath 43 

When the Ice Goes Out, by Rev. F. P. Fletcher 165 

Women of the Old Testament, by A. M. R. Cressy 122 

Worthen, Maj. Ezekiel, by Samuel Copp Worthen 129 

New Hampshire Necrology 22, 52, 105, 136, 169, 201, 231 

Andrews, Frank P 105 

Bartlett, Charles W 22 

Bever.tock, Oscar A 53 

Blaisdell, Dr. George C 53 

Blake, Hiram 105 

Brown, George R 201 

Brown, Prof. John Sewall 202 

Brown, Hon. Mason S 169 

Burbank, Win. W 232 

Burnham, Hon. Henry E 52 

Carroll, Hon. Edward H : 136 

Chamberlin, Hon. Robert N ." 202 

Cheney, Hiram B 136 

Cochran, Dea. Joseph A 22 

Colbath, Horace N 53 

Colony, Hon. Horatio 231 

Cressv, Annette M. A ; 22 

Dunlap, William B 138 

Faircliild, Edward T 52 

Fitch, A. Perley 234 

Fletcher, Rev. Edward P 53 

Fling, Hon. Lewis W 1 37 

Foster, Leonard P 54 

Gleason, Maj. Daniel H. L 105 

Green, Hon. Henry F 1 36 

Hardon, Rev. Charles - . 137 

Harris, Amanda B . 24 

Jackson, James R : 231 

Kimball, Gustavus F 200 

V 6538976 

iv Contents 

Kimball, Wilis G. C ? 23 

Lane, Dr. Albert C 54 

Merrill, Dr. Abner L 22 

Miller, Gen. James 22 

Morrison, Mary 22 

Newhall, Capt. Daniel B 137 

Page, Samuel T 105 

Patterson, Lieut. Samuel F 106 

Peaslee, Walter L 170 

Remich, Gen. Daniel C . 52 

Robie, Rev. Edward D. D 201 

Russell, Elias Harlow 105 

Sanborn, Kate 169 

Sawyer, A. Judson 170 

Seward, Rev. Josiah L., D. D 169 

Smith, Capt, John S 54 

Sailings, Dr. Ferdinand A 169 

Sullowav, Hon. Cvrus A 53 

Sullivan, Dr. Miah B 22 

Tallant, Hon. John G 201 

Tolles, Hon. James II 24 

Vickery, Capt. John H 106 

Whittemore, Francis P 136 


A Prayer, by Amy J. Dolloff 225 

A Prayer, by E. P 33 

At Last, by Charles Poole Cleaves 127 

A World's Democracy, by James Riley 152 

'Bout Ten O'Clock, by Frances M. Pray 51 

Clouds, by Georgia Rogers Warren 127 

College Bell, The, by Charles Nevers Holmes 166 

Days of Long Ago, The, bv LeRov Smart 208 

Dead, The, by Harold W. Melvin 135 

Dignity of Labor, The, by Anabel C. Andrews 50 

Goldenrod, The, by Mary J. Campbell 196 

Home Leaving, by Amy J. Dolloff 163 

Incantation, by Laurence C. Woodman 152 

In Dreams, by E. P 9 

Kearsarge, by Carl Burell 1 16 

Marching Song, by a Member of the N. H. Bar 230 

Meditation, by Mary Alice Dwyre 52 

Memories at Sunset, by Edward H. Richards 103 

Mountain, The, by Stewart E. Rowe 46 

My Thankfulness, by Laurence C. Woodman 103 

New Hampshire's Call to the Nation, by Mrs. Charles H. Tobey 120 

Nocturne, by H. Thompson Rich 21 

O, Flag of Mine, bv Charles Nevers Holmes 197 

Old Glory Unfurled, by Martha S. Baker 121 

Our Country, by Edna Dean Proctor 196 

Our Country, by Martha S. Baker 215 

Our Soldiers on the Mexican Border, by Sarah Fuller Bickford Hafey 21 

Remember to Forget, by Georgia Rogers Warren 20 

Right Is More Precious than Peace, by E. R. Sheldrick. 128 

Rock Rimmon in Winter, by Carl Burell 51 

Soliloquy of a Soul, The, by Lucy H. Heath - 162 

Sometime We'll Know, Anonymous 216 

Sunshine, by Georgia Rogers Warren 164 

Sunshine After 'While, bv Alida C. True 42 

Star Point, by Charles Poole Cleaves 104 

Three Last Leaves, by Bela Chapin 18 

To Monadnock, by Vera Minnie Butler 168 

Vale of Avoca, by Louis Carroll 135 

rs *S 


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Devoted to iii Lory, B hy, Literature and State Pi . \ \ 

V /' "■-:■■ S' 


i raiit'Patil' , fscoj al S :;*\ ■- i fceprsa ey— Historical A cldress , - 1 

t VS|^ .•'•;.'.'. By Bums?. Illustrated/. \ •>_ -. ".,...-.. ♦ /; ; ./ 

" ■- ' For. Thomas Ooibbet— I ... stz .-.:■.■ J . .. . , . . ;' . ■ . ■ i'. SO 
By Willi ii - :.v, IHarri: ;' ,..' :■ 

Vho PiseataquaMa ■. (eel . " . , .'..■' . - "" . '/. . 19 

By Oliver £. Frisbee: - ' _--.• 

Iraa-Bedioia i.-'e.icL Ore-Lard . :.- , ,- - ■ \an^' . • 28 


.' Ke^' 

New Hampshire jSTecroIogy , . / . ; . . " . 
; Kditoraiid Pi 's Notes .-..'.«-., 

[ -. . , Pqems ' • 

- - "-■' ByJE. P., Bela phs^ia, £ ■ ■• - Pogers Warren, Barak F-uIlei Biekfi B 


I] Issued by The Granite / hly Company 

HENRY ii. METCALF. Editor and manager 

ancs. Sin: 1 - copies, rs beets 

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Enters ' at the pogtoffi : at C adord is second-elassr majJ .- fcter. 

I he Granite Monthly 

Vol. XL IX, No. 1 

JANUARY, 191^ 

New Series, Vol. XII, No. 1 



One Hundred and Fiftieth Anniversary Observed — Historical 


By Burns P. Hodgman 

The one hundred and fiftieth an- 
niversary of St. Paul's Protestant 
Episcopal Church of Concord, origi- 
nally organized as a mission church, 
under the name of 
"Saint Thomas' 
Chapel," January 
5, 1817, was duly 
observed the 
present month, 
the principal 
event being a 
banquet at the 
Memorial Parish 
House, hoi den 
on the e veiling 
of Wednesday, 
January 3, for 
convenience sake, 
with Hon. Ed- 
ward C. Niles as 
while appropriate 
religious services 
in the church 
were held on 
Friday and Sun- 
d a y e v e n J n g s , 
January 5 and 7, 
with sermons by 
Rev. Brian C. 
Roberts and Rev. 
William Porter 

The speakers 
banquet included 
man,. Esq., who 


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Saint Paul's Church 

sketch of the 

Niles, respectively. 
at the centennial 
Burns P. Hodg- 
_ave an historical 
church; Rev. Howard 

F. Hill, who spoke of the late "Dr. 
J. H. Eames, a former well-known 
rector, and the city and parish in his 
time; Edward K. Wood worth, Esq., 
who spoke of the 
late Dr. Daniel C. 
Roberts, the first 
vice-rector; Hon. 
Samuel Eastman, 
whose subject was 
" Bishop Niles as 
a Rector"; Rev. 
Samuel S. Drury, 
D. D., who spoke 
of "The Daugh- 
ters of the Par- 
ish"; Gen. H. H. 
Dudley, who dis- 
cussed "Parish 
Finances"; Rev. 
W . Stanley 
Emery, present 
vice- rector, 
whose subject was 
"The Present 
Parish" and, last, 
but not least, Rt. 
Rev. Edward M. 
Parker, D. D., 
Bishop of the 
New Hampshire 
The historical address by Mr. 
Hodgman is of general interest, not 
only to members of the denomination, 
but the people at large, and is pres- 
ented, in full, as follows: 


The Granite Monthly 

The student of the ecclesiastical 
history of Concord finds, of record, 
little to specially characterize or 
otherwise distinguish its early days 
from other New Hampshire townships 
of the same period. 

As in all other colonial towns, I 
assume that, among the earliest set- 
tlers of Concord, there were those, 
if the truth were known, who were 
inclined to regard religious questions 
from a worldly point of view, still I 
have no doubt that, with rare ex- 
ceptions, they were religious people, 
and, if not actively associated with 
some religious body, nevertheless were 
reasonably tolerant of the views of 
others and treated religious matters 
with becoming reverence. 

When it is remembered that the 
Protestant Episcopal Church, or the 
English Church, as then styled, was 
the first to arrive and be established 
on this continent, and in particular 
along the coast from the Kennebec 
southward; when we have in mind 
that in 1605, on the coast of Maine, 
at the time of the Weymouth Expe- 
dition, the Indians met with the 
English at their daily prayers, and 
that, as early as 1607, at Sagadahoc, 
in that state, the first church building 
erected by the English on the North 
American continent was established 
within the walls of Fort St. George, 
where the Rev. Richard Seymour, a 
priest, of the English Church, minis- 
tered thirteen years before the land- 
ing of the Pilgrims at Plymouth Rock; 
when we recall that the first church 
edifice erected in Portsmouth for re- 
ligious worship as early as 1638, was 
an Episcopal Church; when we recall 
the close alliance between the Eng- 
lish Church and the royal government 
in its efforts at colonization; and 
when we bear in mind that the Epis- 
copal Church organization at West 
Claremont was complete as early as 
1770; at Cornish in 1793 ; at Holderness 
in 178S; and at Hopkinton as early 
as 1803, it is not remarkable if the 
inquiry be made why the church 

was not organized in Concord until 

But when we look further, and re- 
member that the Merrimack Valley 
was settled largely by Massachusetts 
families; that the Puritanical ideas of 
the Massachusetts brethren were not 
conducive to the further extension 
of the English Church in the territory 
coming under the jurisdiction of 
Massachusetts Bay; and when we 
ponder over the recorded instances 
of bigotry, cruelty and spiritual 
blindness of the Massachusetts au- 
thorities, and the Puritanical defiance, 
intoleration, and failure to treat kind- 
ly those who differed from them in 
religious beliefs and practices; and 
when we learn of the treatment ac- 
corded the ministers and members of 
the English Church at Portsmouth, it 
is, indeed, not difficult to realize why 
the Church was so long in gaining a 
footing in this particular section of 
New Hampshire. If there were, 
among the early settlers of Concord, 
those inclined to believe in the doc- 
trines of the established church of 
their native land, it is little wonder 
that temerity, and perhaps reasonable 
satisfaction with religious conditions 
as they found them, may have had a 
restraining influence until they had 
so increased in numbers, both within 
and without the confines of this town- 
ship, as to give them courage, both 
spiritually and financially, to publicly 
declare their allegiance to the princi- 
ples enunciated in the Book of Com- 
mon Pra3'er. 

Then, too, it must be remembered 
that the nominal supervision of the 
colonial church by the Bishop of Lon- 
don was a very unsatisfactory ar- 
rangement. The long and perilous 
voyage of 6,000 miles on the part of 
candidates for Holy Orders kept many 
from applying at all, and of the few 
whose zeal impelled them forward, 
some perished by shipwreck, or died 
abroad, with the result that it was 
practically impossible to obtain an 
adequate staff of native-born clergy- 
men, so the Church was therefore de- 

Saint Paul's Episcopal Church, Concord 

pendent upon English recruits. And, 
unfortunately, of the few who came, 
many were ill-adapted for the purpose. 
It is true that the clergy in the New 
England colonies, generally speaking, 
were of the most exemplary character, 
but they were few and suffered much 
persecution from the Puritans, "who 
assumed the right of taxing all for 
the support of their ministers and 
meeting-houses; and, wherever they 
could gain over the local governor 
to their persuasion, proceeded to 
enforce their claims with signal vio- 

And again, it must be remembered 
that when the Revolutionary War 
commenced, there were not more than 
eighty clergymen of the Church to the 
northward and eastward of Maryland, 
so that the comparatively small num- 
ber of churchmen may be in part at- 
tributable to this fact. And again, 
after emerging from the troublous 
period of the Revolutionary War, in 
many instances, small groups, faith- 
ful to the Church, were financially 
unable to support a clergyman, if 
indeed he could be found. Then, 
too, after the War, the Society for 
the Propagation of the Gospel with- 
drew its support and, followed as it 
was by the long drawn out contro- 
versy over the Episcopate, conditions 
must have been such as to practically 
postpone for the time being any spe- 
cial activity in church work. 

However far the Puritanical doc- 
trines of Massachusetts were carried, 
so far as Concord is concerned, its 
church history demonstrates thai- 
greater toleration in religious matters 
prevailed than was, perhaps, manifest 
elsewhere. But in those days when 
the titles to the lands of the early 
settlers were at stake, as exempli- 
fied in the Bow controversy, when a 
unity of interests was necessary for 
the advancement of economic pur- 
suits, when it was essential that the 
number of factions of any sort should 
be reduced to the smallest degree, it 
is now easy to perceive that there 
might well have been opposition, not 

only to denominational churches, but 
to the Church of England. 

In studying the history of the 
parish, it has occurred to me that 
there are certain periods into which it 
is logically divided, the first embrac- 
ing the organization period, when we 
were known as St. Thomas' Chapel, 
extending from January 5, IS 17, 
to 1835: the second, extending from 
July 13, 1835, when St. Paul's Parish 
was definitely established, to 1857; 
the third, commencing with the pas- 
torate of Dr. Eames, and embracing 
the ministrations of Bishop Xiles, 
and Dr. Roberts, and the last com- 
mencing with the accession of Edward 
Melville Parker to the Bishopric, and 
running to the present. 

I shall present the earlier periods 
for your consideration in greater 
detail than the more modern history, 
as others will consider the historical 
facts of the present day parish and 
the story of those great prelates who 
have been more recently associated 
with St. Paul's. 

I have mentioned some of the handi- 
caps under which the churchmen of this 
early period labored, but eventually 
they did actively assert their religious 
beliefs, and steps were taken whereby 
a meeting for organization purposes 
was held January 5, 1S17, at the home 
of Albe Cady (probably Albemarle 
Cady) then standing where the 
Phenix Hotel is now located, at which 
time the basis of an association was 
presented by a committee which had 
been appointed for that purpose, and 
which was subscribed by the follow- 
ing persons: Albe Cady, Samuel 
Green, Arthur Rogers, Isaac Eastman. 
Issac Hill, John D. Bailey, Arveen 
Blanchard, Walter R. Hill, Augustus 
II. Odlin, John West, Jr., Daniel 
Greenleaf, Jeremiah Blanchard, and 
Artemas Blanchard. St. Thomas' 
Chapel was the name selected for the 
association. In 1821, the names of 
Sampson Bullard, Thomas Waterman, 
Eben LeBosquet, Hosea Fessenden 
and William Kent were added, thus 
making eighteen names, eleven of 

The Granite Monthly 

whom were heads of families. For a 
portion of 1817, such services as were 
-conducted, were held in the Masonic 
Hall over the old Concord Bank, and 
subsequently in the Town Hall, but 
in January, 1821, a commodious hall 
having been fitted up by Mr. Isaac Hill 
in the upper part of a si ore occupying 
what is now the site of White's Opera 
-House, services were conducted there. 

On March 24, ISIS, at the first 
annual meeting of the society, held 
in the school-house on the lot now 
occupied by the Grammar School, 
Rev. Charles Burroughs, rector of 
St. John's Church at Portsmouth, 
was chosen rector of St. Thomas' 
Chapel, and Samuel Green and John 
West, Jr., were elected wardens, 
while Messrs. Isaac Hill, Isaac East- 
man, John D. Bailey, and Daniel 
Greenleaf were selected as vestrymen. 
Although it does not appear that Mr. 
Burroughs ever accepted the rector- 
ship of St. Thomas' Chapel, still he 
frequently officiated here, and it was 
through his advice and kindly assist- 
ance that the parish was sustained in 
its early days. During the first four 
years of its existence, St. Thomas' 
Chapel had no permanent rector, but 
occasional visitations were made by 
the Rev. Messrs. Andrews, Searle, 
Herbert, and Marshall. The greater 
part of the time, however, services 
were conducted by lay readers. 

In passing, it is fitting to mention 
■Xhe fact that in 1820 Christmas was 
observed for the first time by the 
Church in. Concord, the Rev. Mr. 
Searle preaching a sermon in the 
.town hall. . 

Development of the Church was 
.necessarily slow, and so we find that 
in 1819 there were but thirteen fami- 
lies and only ten communicants in 
the parish. 

In April, 1821, Rev. John L. Blake, 
who was conducting a female academy 
in the hall referred to as used by the 
<Church on Sundays, was chosen rec- 
tor, and he remained with the parish 
for about two years, resigning in the 
spring of 1823, when he removed from 

town. During this time Mr. Blake 
also officiated at St. Andrew's Church 
in Hopkinton. 

During these years several ineffec- 
tual attempts were made to build a 
church, and at one time, although 
subscriptions to the amount of three 
thousand dollars were contributed 
by twelve individuals, the necessary 
amount of six thousand could not be 
secured, and the plan failed. 

During the life of St. Thomas' 
Chapel, it is interesting to note that 
there were seven confirmations and 
about twenty baptisms. 

We now approach what I term the 
second period in our church history. 

Although church services were oc- 
casionally conducted after Mr. Blake's 
removal from town, yet for the twelve 
years prior to July 13, 1835, it may be 
truthfully said that for all practical 
purposes the Episcopal Society had 
been shattered, so that when on that 
date the faithful Albe Cady met with 
Isaac Hill, Leavitt C. Virgin, John 
West, John Whipple, and Ralph 
Metcalf, the name of St. Thomas, 
Chapel had been obliterated, and the 
name of St. Paul's Parish was then 
agreed upon, thus becoming definitely 
and permanently established. Subse- 
quently associating themselves with 
Air. Cady and the other gentlemen I 
have named, were Aaron Morse, 
Jacob Rogers, John W. Moore, John 
Miller, Abraham Duncklee, Joseph 
1. Wallace and Jacob Carter. 

Rev. Moses B. Chase, then rector 
of St. Andrew's, Hopkinton, was 
elected rector of St. Paul's, and he 
held services in Concord once each 
month from May, 1835, to March, 
1836, and Sunday evenings during 
July and August of the latter year. 

In October, 1836, the domestic 
committee of the Board of Missions 
made St. Paul's a missionary station, 
and assurances were given that finan- 
cial support would be accorded it. 

At a parish meeting held Novem- 
ber 1, 1836, it was voted to raise one 
hundred and fifty dollars by voluntary 
subscription for the support of a 

Saint Pauls Episcopal Church, Concord 

clergyman, and the wardens were 
authorized to extend to Rev. Petrus 
Sttiyvesant Ten Broeck an invitation 
to accept the appointment as rector, 
which was then understood to have 
been tendered him by the domestic 
missions committee. Air. Ten 
Broeck accepted the rectorship on 
December 3 of that year, and entered 
upon his duties. At this time, serv- 
ices were being held in the Court 
House building on North Alain Street, 
the site of the present County Court 
House. There were ten communi- 
cants under Air. Ten Broeck 's care. 

Apparently the question of com- 
pensating the new pastor proved 
troublesome, because we find that 
the wardens, when they notified the 
committee on domestic missions that 
Air. Ten Broeck had accepted the 
rectorship, in pleading for a liberal 
donation from the committee, as an 
aid to the one hundred and fifty dol- 
lars to be raised in Concord, said: 
"Boarding in this place for a clergy- 
man, including room rent and fuel, 
would be not less than three dollars a 
week. Rent for a suitable house for 
a small family from eighty to one 
hundred and fifty dollars. Annual 
salary requisite for the support of a 
clergyman's family from five hundred 
to eight hundred dollars, including 

Notwithstanding this appeal, the 
Board of Missions apparently looked 
upon the situation from a practical 
standpoint, and appropriated only 
two hundred and fifty dollars by way 
of assistance. Not satisfied with 
the allowance made by the Board of 
Missions, the trustees of the Eastern 
Diocese were appealed to, and further 
assistance to the extent of one hun- 
dred dollars was received from that 
source, thus giving Air. Ten Broeck 
an annual salary of five hundred 

This particular financial question 
having been determined for the time 
being, the society enterprisingly un- 
dertook to secure a church building 
of its own, and in the summer of 1S3G, 

Air. John West attempted to raise 
funds for this purpose, but a begin- 
ning had hardly been made when his 
death intervened. 

In June, 1837, the parish was ad- 
mitted into union with the Conven- 
tion of the Diocese of New Hamp- 

At a meeting of the wardens and 
vestry held on October 13, 1838, the 
subject of erecting a church was 
again considered, and a committee, 
consisting of Alessrs. Cady, Virgin 
and Hill, was appointed to draft a 
plan for a suitable building, estimate 
its expense, and to ascertain the cost 
of a lot. and, having divided the whole 
amount into one hundred shares, to 
report at a future meeting. On 
December 17 of that year, this com- 
mittee reported that more than one 
half of the shares had been taken, and 
other donations having been received, 
the society was so encouraged that it 
voted to purchase a lot of land im- 
mediately east of and adjoining the 
lot which we now occupy, paying 
Nathaniel G. Upham one thousand 
dollars for the same. . Air. John 
Aliller's plan of a church building was 
accepted, and the firm of Virgin & 
Miller was awarded the contract for 
its erection. The work was com- 
pleted the latter part of 1839, and on 
January 1, 1840, the Church was 
consecrated by Bishop Griswold of 
the Eastern Diocese, of which New 
Hampshire was then a part, and on 
the following day the Bishop insti- 
tuted Air. Ten Broeck as rector of the 

For something more than nineteen 
years, this building remained the 
house of worship of the parish without 
structural change. It was 54 feet 
long by 40 wide, and contained 52 
pews. The land and building were 
appraised at 84,120. The building- 
appears to have cost 82,976.58, ex- 
clusive of the lot. Eighty-one shares, 
amounting to 83,240 had been sub- 
scribed, which, with sundry donations, 
amounted to 84,045.15, but, inasmuch 
as 8775.94 remained unpaid at its 

The Granite Monthly 

completion, it thus appears that the 
society started in debt, which hung 
over it for many years, occasioning 
some very earnest letters from Bishop 
Chase upon what he regarded as the 
wickedness of consecrating to the 
service of God a house of worship 
which was not paid for. The mort- 
gage debt was finally discharged in 
1852. In the meantime, in 1843, the 
society received a donation of 8500 
from Edward B. Little, of New York 
City, for the purchase of an organ. 

Mr. Ten Broeck remained with 
St. Paul's until October, 1S44, when 
he retired because of ill health, and 
removed to Danvers, Mass., in which 
place he died January 21, 1849. 

Mr. Ten Broeck was a gentleman of 
refinement and culture and was 
strongly devoted to the interests of 
the Church. While the parish was 
never large during his pastorate, yet 
the number of communicants had 
increased from ten, when he took 
charge, to about forty, when he 

Upon the death of Bishop Griswold 
in the early part of 1843, and the 
selection of Rev. Carleton Chase as 
Bishop of the Diocese of New Hamp- 
shire, late in the fall of that year, ac- 
tive efforts were made by this parish 
to induce him to make Concord his 
residence, and in order to effectuate 
this, Mr. Ten Broeck offered to re- 
sign his rectorship in behalf of the 
Bishop-elect, so that he might serve 
both as rector and Bishop. This pro- 
position met with favor at a meeting of 
the standing committee held Decem- 
ber 28, 1843, but upon the condition 
that the parish should pay Bishop 
Chase a salary of five hundred dollars 
as rector, which amount was. however, 
subsequently reduced to four hun- 
dred dollars. Pledges amounting to 
three hundred fifty-two dollars were 
received, and it was confidently ex- 
pected that the required sum would 
shortly be in hand, and the standing 
committee was so advised, but before 
receipt of this information by the 
standing committee, the Bishop had 

already selected Claremont for his 

The successor of Air. Ten Broeck 
was the Rev. Darius R. Brewer, whose 
services were engaged at an annual 
salary of S500. Mr. Brewer remained 
with the parish until November, 1846. 
At the end of his first year, the parish 
raised six hundred dollars for salaries, 
including a contribution of thirty 
dollars towards the salary of the 

At the Diocesan Convention held 
in June, 1845, Mr. Brewer reported 
that in his parish there were forty-five 
communicants, thirty families, and 
from one hundred to one hundred and 
fifty persons attending Divine wor- 
ship. Mr. Brewer resigned after 
two years of service, and on Decem- 
ber 20, 1846, the Rev. Thomas Leaver, 
of Newport, R. I., to which place Air. 
Brewer had gone, was invited to be- 
come the rector of St. Paul's at a 
salary of 8570. His pastorate was 
terminated by his death on December 
23, 1847. 

It seems entirely fitting to briefly 
refer to the fact that Mr. Leaver, who 
was an Englishman by birth, and 
whose parents had been members of 
the Church of England, in early youth 
became connected with the Baptist 
denomination, at the age of twenty 
entering Stepney College to prepare 
for the missionary field. In 1837, at 
the age of twenty-two, he went to the 
Bahamas to join the Baptist Mission. 
In two years he came to Newport, 
R. I., being settled over a Baptist 
Church. There he remained until 
1846, when he entered the ministry 
of the Episcopal Church, and almost 
immediately came to Concord to St. 
Paul's Church. He is buried in the 
Old North Cemetery. Over his 
grave has been erected a suitable 
monument by the Baptist Church at 
Newport, that church claiming the 
privilege as an opportunity of testify- 
ing their appreciation of his services. 

The next pastor to be called to St. 
Paul's was Rev. Newton E. Marble, 
to whom the invitation was extended 

Saint Paul's Episcopal Church, Concord 

February 27. 1S48. Upon his arrival 
he found thirty families in the church, 
and forty-four communicants. Dur- 
ing his pastorate of nine years, the 
number of communicants increased 
to seventy-two, and a Sunday School 
was organized which, in May, 1S57. 
had eight teachers,, and fifty scholars. 
Mr. Marble resigned April 1, 1857, to 
take charge of Trinity Parish, New- 
town, Conn. 

During the next year, St. Paul's 
being without a rector, services were 
conducted for two months by Rev. 
Henry A. Coit and Rev. Francis 
Chase, his assistant at St. Paul's 
School. For the remainder of t he- 
year, Rev. Edward Ballard, then re- 
siding in Hopkinton, filled the position. 
During this time, calls were extended 
to at least two clergymen, Gordon M. 
Bradley, of Quincy, Mass., and Dar- 
ius R. Brewer, the former pastor, but 
both declined. 

At a meeting of the wardens and 
vestry held June 29, 1S57, a commit- 
tee, consisting of Dr. J. E. Tyler and 
Horace A. Brown, was named to con- 
fer with Rev. James H. Eames, then 
of Providence, to ascertain if he 
would accept the rectorship of St. 
Paul 's. The results of the conference 
with Air. Eames were satisfactory, 
and the formal invitation to accept 
the rectorship at an annual salary 
of one thousand dollars was imme- 
diately extended. Mr. Eames visited 
Concord in September, and then com- 
municated his acceptance of the posi- 
tion, provided the Church could wait 
until Easter, 1858. This request was 
unhesitatingly complied with, so that 
on Easter Day, 1858, Air. Eames 
entered upon a pastorate extending 
over a period of nearly a fifth of a 

I think it may fairly be said that 
the pastorate of Air. Eames com- 
mences the third period of the history 
of the parish, embracing not only the 
long and successful ministration of 
Dr. Eames, but the years of faithful 
service rendered by Bishop Xiles and 
Dr. Roberts. 

When Dr. Eames came to Concord, 
he probably found seventy-two com- 
municants and a Sunday School con- 
sisting of eight teachers and fifty 
scholars, because such were the figures 
transmitted by the parish to the 
Diocesan Convention in May of the 
preceding year. 

St. Paul's parish had been steadily 
gaining in numbers until, under the 
rectorship of Dr. Eames, it bid fair 
to outgrow its church accommoda- 
tions. On May 24, 1858, a committee 
was appointed to consider the advisa- 
bility of enlarging the old church, or 
erecting a new building. The latter 
course was adopted, and a committee 
having been instructed to obtain 
subscriptions, a report was made on 
July 19, 1858, that seven thousand 
two hundred dollars was in hand and 
assurances had been received that at 
least three hundred dollars more 
would be forthcoming. A building 
committee, consisting of Ebenezer 
Symmes, Augustine C. Pierce, George 
Minot, John M. Hill, and Abel 
Hutchins, was appointed, with au- 
thority to select a lot, determine 
upon a plan, erect a church, and to 
make such disposition of the then 
house of worship as should be thought 
proper. On January 29, 1859, this 
building committee reported, and a 
vote was taken providing for the 
erection of a brick church and for the 
rescission of all former votes limiting 
the expense. 

The lot selected was just west of the 
old location. About April 1, 1859, 
the old church building was vacated, 
and services were held in the City 
Hall until the new church was ready 
for occupancy. In this connection 
it is interesting to note that during 
the life of the parish, all of its church 
buildings have been located on what 
is now Park Street, opened as a street 
in 1834. 

The cornerstone of the present 
church was laid May 25, 1859. There 
was a large attendance at this cere- 
mony as the Diocesan Convention 
was then being held in the city. 


The Granite Monthly 

Those services were exceedingly im- 
pressive. They were opened by a 
procession from the American House 
to the Church lot in the following 
order: Edward Dow. the architect; 
Henry M. Moore, the builder; the 
wardens and vestry, boys from St. 
Paul's School: thirteen clergymen in 
vestments, and the Rt. "Rev. Carleton 
Chase, Bishop of the Diocese, in his 
Episcopal robes. Bishop Chase 
officiated, and two important ad- 
dresses were delivered, one by the 
Rev. Dr. Burroughs of Portsmouth, 
and the other by Josiah Minot. 

Work on the new church had pro- 
gressed so rapidly that on December 
13, 1S59, it was ready for occupancy, 
and on that dav was consecrated bv 
Bishop Chase, Rt. Rev. Bishop Clark, 
of Rhode Island, preaching the conse- 
cration sermon. The original cost 
of this church and its furnishings was 
about seventeen thousand dollars, 
leaving a debt of about five thousand 
five hundred extinguished by the sale 
of pews and certain land in the rear 
of the church. 

Such impetus was given to the 
Church work by Dr. Earnes that on 
Easter, I860, at his request, the yearly 
aid received from the domestic mis- 
sionary board was withdrawn. 

Dr. Eames remained with the parish 
until his death December 10, 1S77, in 
the Harbor of Hamilton, Bermuda, 
where he had gone under leave of 
absence, in search of health. 

During the incumbency of Dr. 
Eames, to be exact, on September 21, 
1876, William Woodruff Xiles had 
been consecrated Bishop of this Dio- 
cese. After the death of Dr. Eames, 
and on April 24, 1878, Bishop Xiles 
was invited to accept the rectorship 
of the church, which he held until his 
death on March 31, 1914. Subse- 
quently the Bishop, having nominated 
Rev. Daniel Crane Roberts, of Bran- 
don, Vt., to the vice-rectorship, that 
gentleman accepted the position, and 
entered upon his duties in June, 1878, 
remaining with us until his death on 
October 31, 1907. During the last 

two years of Dr. Roberts' ministration, 
he had the faithful assistance and co- 
operation of Rev. F. J. K. Alexander, 
of Hartford, Conn., as his curate. 

The last period of our history em- 
braces the ministrations of Bishop 
Parker, from his consecration on 
February 9, 1900. and W. Stanley 
Emery, who was called from Tilton 
on November 1, 1908, to accept the 
vice-rectorship. The faithful devo- 
tion of each to his work is known by 
all of us, and needs no other comment. 

Before completing this historical 
sketch, mention should be made of 
the organization of St. Mary's at 
Penacook, in 1881, Grace Church at 
East Concord in 1883, St. Timothv's 
in 1900, and St. Luke's in 1910, and 
the magnificent results accomplished 
by Rev. A. W. Saltus, Rev. John 
Knox Tibbetts and Rev. Richard W. 
Dow in connection with these Mis- 

I should also refer, simply in a 
general way, to the vested choir, and 
its first appearance on September 
23, 1SS3; the generosity of Hon. 
Josiah Minot, John M. Hill, and 
others, in the erection of the chapel 
in 18S2, which served for twenty 
years; the chime of nine bells placed 
in the church tower, in 18G8; the 
splendid gift in 1902 of the Parish 
House by Miss Susan G. Perkins in 
memory of her nephew, Col. Roger 
E. Foster; the gift of the organ by 
Mrs. Larz Anderson; the gift of the 
rectory and its endowment fund of 
So, 000 by Mrs. Marion Thompson 
Shepard; the interior decorations and 
improvements of the church and large 
endowment provided by the will of 
Mrs. Frances K. Lane Roberts, in 
memory of her husband, the beloved 
Dr. Roberts, to say nothing of all the 
other lovable things she did for the 
church; and other gifts of memorial 
windows, pulpit, alter hangings, 
Eucharistic vestments and various 
large endowment funds in memory of. 
departed churchmen. 

With all these facts of spiritual and 
financial advance thus arrayed, is it 

In Dreams 


unbecoming or immodest to contrast 
merely in point of numbers those ten 
faithful communicants who came 
together for the first time in 1817 
with the eight hundred and more who 
are today communicants of St. Paul's 
and its allied Missions? Does not 
the mention of these figures alone 
absolutely demonstrate the tremen- 
dous spiritual power for the better- 
ment of religious conditions in the 
community, and is there not held out 
for us the promise of glorious things 
for the future? 

The passing of the first century 
of St. Paul's histoiy finds her men 
and women cheerfully taking up the 
burdens laid down by those who have 
already passed to their great reward. 
Through their faith and ceaseless 
efforts, we have fallen heir to all they 
loved and hoped for. The heroism 
that blest them inspires and impels 

us. But for their magnificent forti- 
tude, their wonderful strength of 
character, their sublime faith in the 
ever-living God, St. Paul's Church 
would not stand where she now does, 
a predominating influence in the re- 
ligious and civic life of the city and 
state. With the example before us 
of those self-sacrificing, valiant 
churchmen, whose labors and prayers 
have brought St. Paul's to that high 
eminence she * now occupies, let us 
pray that we shall not merely content 
ourselves with the glories of the past. 
but rather let us march into the future 
with an unbroken, unified front, 
strong in the conviction that when 
another century shall have passed, 
our successors can as truthfully laud 
the work accomplished in the twen- 
tieth century as we are tonight ren- 
dering praise to those who have pre- 
ceded us. 


In dreams I see my mother's face, 
Her pleasant tones I hear; 

While sleeping, often I retrace 
The paths we trod for years; 

And waking, I have sought to hold 

Her fading image, clear, 
Alight with human love and life, 

And full of hope and cheer. 

And I try to find a meaning 

For her frequent presence here — 

Find the reason I am dreaming 
She is ever, ever near. 

Can it be that she is yearning 
For earth-ties? Is she content? 

Or perhaps I'm slow in learning 

Some sweet message that is meant. 

Then suddenly I seem to see 

The scroll of Life unfurled 
And know her coming proves to me 

The nearness of another world. 

Safe in my heart's deep mysteries 
This message ever shall abide— 

Hope turns to Faith that life eternal, 
Awaits us on the other side. 

E. P. 


And His Grant of 

Land, in 1662, on 
Windham, N. H. 

Cobbett's Pond in 

By William Samuel Harris 

The first grant to an individual 
of any land lying within the limits 
of what is now Windham, was made 
in 1662 to Rev. Thomas Cobbet, 
then minister of the First Church of 
Ipswich, Mass., to whom the General 
Court of Massachusetts Bay Colony 
laid out a farm of five hundred acres, 
afterwards adding twenty more. 
Closely associated with his grant was 
another of seven hundred acres to his 
neighbor, Rev. John Higginson of 
Salem, Mass. 

This was more than two hundred 
and fifty years ago. and about sixty 
years before any permanent settle- 
ment was made within the bounds of 
this town, and more than seventy- 
five years before New Hampshire 
was finally separated from Massa- 
chusetts and the boundary line be- 
tween the two provinces definitely 
established, substantially where it is 

Let us first see what kind of man 
this Mr. Cobbet was. Thoreau says 
in "Walden," speaking of the naming 
of ponds: "If the fairest features of 
the landscape are to be named after 
men, let them be the noblest and 
worthiest men alone." We feel that 
the fair pond which is the pride of 
Windham is not unfortunate in the 
name by which it has been known for 
almost two hundred years, or from the 
earliest settlement of the town, and 
that the Rev. Thomas Cobbet was a 
man not unworthy of having his 
name and memory perpetuated by so 
beautiful a namesake. 

The following sketch of his life and 
character is derived chiefly from the 
History of Ipswich, Essex, and Ham- 
ilton by Joseph B. Felt (published 
1834), with additions from a History 
of Ipswich by T. F. Waters, the 

History of Lynn by Lewis and New- 
hall, and other authorities. 

He was born in Newbury, England, 
in 160S, of poor parents. He en- 
tered the L T niversity of Oxford, but 
left during the great sickness, the 
plague, in 1625, and became a pupil 
of the celebrated Dr. Twiss of his 
native town. 

He prepared for the ministry of the 
Established Church and was settled 
in a small place in Lincolnshire. It 
was not long before he was called qn 
to comply with ecclesiastical con- 
ditions which he could not conscien- 
tiously approve. Consequently, like 
many other servants of Christ, he 
was under the necessity of seeking a 
refuge in the New World. He ar- 
rived here June 26, 1637, and was 
soon invited by his former friend, 
Rev. Samuel Whiting, to be a col- 
league with him at Lynn. 

The settlement of Lynn had been 
commenced eight years before, and 
there must have been a considerable 
population there by 1637, to support 
two ministers; but perhaps the num- 
ber was superior to the quality, as 
only the November before Mr. Cob- 
bet came, when the church was 
organized and "Mr. Whiting installed, 
only six persons had been found, be- 
sides the minister, to join in the mem- 
bership of the church. The next 
year, 1638, Mr. Cobbet was allotted 
two hundred acres of land in Lynn. 

Mr. Whiting and Mr. Cobbet con- 
tinued colleague pastors for nineteen 
years, the former being styled the 
pastor and Mr. Cobbet teacher, and 
as Felt says, exercised themselves 
harmoniously, ably, and efficiently 
to further the cause of pure religion. 
Mr. Cobbet was no loiterer, but did 
whatsoever his hands found duti- 

Em. Thomas Gobbet 


fully to do. On account of insufficient 
support in Lynn, Mr. Cobbet, in 
1656, accepted a call to become pastor 
in Ipswich, where he remained for the 
rest of his life and where he died and 
was buried twenty-nine years later. 
Felt says: Though he came to a new 
place, he retained his old desires and 
industry to do good. 

The talents, attainments, piety and 
usefulness of Mr. Cobbet were of no 
ordinary rank. He was justly ac- 

because of timidity and inaction. 
He might ever be found with the 
armor of godliness girded about him 
and awake to encounter the foes of 
Zion. He neither watched nor strove 
in vain. The divine blessing rested 
upon his efforts and many souls were 
saved through his exertions. So far 
as human imperfection permitted, he 
was a pa-tor after God's own heart. 

In October, 1676, his son Thomas, 
who was a seaman at Portsmouth, 

Cobbett's Pond, Windham, N. H. 

-counted by his brethren and by the 
principal civil characters of the Col- 
ony as among the most prominent, 
divines of New England. He was a 
skillful writer. He spared not him- 
self in using the pen to defend both 
church and state in their respective 
claims. He was a man who could be 
depended on by the friends of right- 
eousness, when the storms of ad- 
versity beat upon the land. Then 
he was seen under no shelter than that 
founded upon equity. He suffered 
not the tares of error and iniquity to 
spring up and grow under his feet 

was taken prisoner by the Indians 
and carried to the Penobscot region 
and Mt. Desert. He was detained 
several weeks and harshly treated. 
Public prayers were offered in many 
congregations for his release, and he 
was liberated by the sachem, who 
received a red coat as a present. 

As to the publications of Mr. 
Cobbet, few if any clergymen of his 
day had more or better than he. 
They were chiefly of a controversial 
character. The following are some of 
the titles: A Defense of Infant Bap- 
tism (1645). Toleration and the Du- 


The Granite Monthly 

ties of the Civil Magistrates. A Vin- 
dication of the Government of New 
England against their Aspersions who 
Thought Themselves Persecuted by 
It. the Civil .Magistrate's Power in 
Matters of Religion Modestly De- 
bated. The Duty of Children to 
Parents and of Parents to Children 
(1656). In 1649 and in 1666 he 
preached the ''Election Sermon" at 
the opening of the General Court of 
the Colony. His best-known work is, 
A Practical Discourse on Prayer 
(1651). Of this, Cotton Mather says: 
"Of all the Books written by Mr. Cob- 
bet none deserves more to be Read by 
the World, or to Live till the General 
Burning of the World, than that 
of Prayer. And indeed Prayer, the 
Subject so Experimentally, and there- 
fore Judiciously, therefore Profitably, 
therein handled, was not the least 
of those things, for which Mr. Cobbet 
was Remarkable. He was a very 
Praying Man and hk Prayers were 
not .more observable throughout New 
England, for the Argumentative, the 
Importunate, and I had almost said, 
Filially Familiar, Strains of them, 
than for the wonderful Successes that 
attended them." 

Cotton Mather composed an epi- 
taph on Mr. Cobbet, in Latin, which, 
though probably not placed on his 
tombstone, is worth}' of note as show- 
ing how the greatest and best people 
of his time regarded him. A literal 
translation is: "Stay, passenger, for 
here lies a treasure, Thomas Cobbet, 
of whose availing prayers and most 
approved manners, you if an inhab- 
itant of New England, need not be 
told. If you cultivate piety, admire 
him; if you wish for happiness, fol- 
low him." 

In 1654, Mr. Cobbet was appointed 
by the General Court as one of the over- 
seers of Harvard College. Among the 
many official and semi-official services 
which he rendered in the colony, there 
was one occasion when in 1668 he 
was one of six prominent ministers 
appointed by the General Court to 
argue with several Baptists in Boston 

against their particular tenets. We 
are not told what the result was; nor 
whether it was on the subject of 
baptism or some other point that one 
of his parishioners, John Hewes, 
in 1644 had charged Mr. Cobbet 
"with falsehood in his doctrine," for 
which disrespect he was presented 
at the Quarterly Court and enjoined 
to make a humble confession at 
Lynn at a public meeting. 

The best and greatest of men are 
not always appreciated by every- 
body. Whether there was something 
lacking in the attractive qualities of 
his preaching, or whether the re- 
mark was due to a difference in 
opinion on some controverted point, 
or whether it is to be set down to 
innate depravity, the record shows 
that in 1643 Henry Walton of Lynn 
was brought to the bar of the Quarter 
Sessions Court for saying that "he 
had as Leave to heare a dogg Barke 
as to heare m r Cobbet t preach/'' 
He was acquitted, however, for want 
of proof. 

A man in those days, if he did not 
like the minister or his preaching, did 
not have the privilege of staying at 
home from the Sunday service. The 
summary manner in which people 
were assisted to do their duty is 
illustrated by a case which occurred 
during Mr. Gobbet's pastorate in 
Ipswich. (Mass. Colonv Records, 
Vol. 4, part ; 2, p. 7.) 

"May 22, 1661. Henry Batchiler 
k his wife, by an act of Ipsuich Court 
comended to this Courts consider- 
ation, hauing binn formerly presented, 
for theire absenting themselves from 
publicke worpp, &e, whither y e 
toune of Ipsuich might not dispose 
of him & his farme, so as he may 
hue in the toune, & enjoy his estate 
& y e publick worpp of God, the Court 
judgeth it meete hereby to impower 
the County Court of that sheire so 
to dispose of the persons aboue 
mentioned & theire estates as they 
shall judge most conduceable to 
theire present & future good." 

We may well believe that Mr. 

Rev. Thomas Cobbel 


Cobbet, like the other ministers of 
that day, was reverenced and feared, 
even by those who did not love the 
truth because their deeds were evil. 
The History of Lynn (Lewis and 
Newhall) preserves the following 
story: Some women of his neigh- 
borhood were one day attempting 
some trick of witchery, when their 
minister appeared. "There," said 
one of them, "we can do no more; 
there is old crooked-back Cobbet a 

Mr. Cobbet died in Ipswich on 
Thursday, November 5, 1685, aged 
77, leaving a wife Elizabeth who died 
the next year, a daughter Elizabeth, 
.and sons Samuel, a graduate of 
Harvard College in 1663, Thomas, and 
John, having previously buried three 
other children. His estate was £607- 
1 s.-6 d. C. H. Pope in "Pioneers of 
Massachusetts" says: "His Will, 
neither dated nor witnessed, was 
proved November 22, 16S5. In his 
cramped chirograph y it carries a 
copious creed and essay on life, 
showing his fine habits of mind and 
heart. (Essex Files, 45, 30.)" 

The town assumed all the expense 
of Mr. Gobbet's funeral. The se- 
lectmen met on the day after his 
death and made the following among 
other arrangements: '(From Waters.) 

"That Deakon Goodhue provide 
one barrill of wine, and half a hundred 
weight of suger, and that he send it 
to Mr. Cobbits house next second 
day of the week in the morning. 

"That Mr. Rust provide. if he can 
against the funeral! gloves suteable 
for men and Women to the value of 
five or six pounds ... & some 
spice and ginger for the syder. 

"That some be taken care with 
the Corps be wrapt up in the Coffin 
in Tarr with Canvass. 

"That some persons be appovnted 
to look to the burning of the wine and 
heating of the syder, against the 
time appointed for ye funerall next 
Monday at one of the clock, & such as 
will be carefull in the distribution." 

In the expense items it appears 

that "Deakon Goodhue" was 


for thirty-two gallons wine, £6-08 s., 
Edward Dear for Syder lis. (Some 
accounts say two barrels was pro- 
vided.) Nathaniel Lord was paid 
for "makeing the Coffin, 8 s., Mr. 
Wilson, Digging the Grave, 2 s. 6 d." 
Various other items bring the "summa 
totalis'? to £17-19 s. 

An elegant school building erected 
on Franklin street in Lynn in 1872 
was named the Cobbet school, as a 
memorial of this early and esteemed 

It is hard to imagine the condition 
of this wilderness two hundred and 
fifty years ago, when in October, 
1662, the surveyors came through 
here and laid down the bounds of Mr. 
Gobbet's farm, in the primeval forest, 
unbroken by any settlements, roads, 
or openings except those made by the 
ponds and natural meadows. At 
that time, no town in this vicinity had 
been established except Haverhill, 
which was first settled in 1640, and 
whose western limits reached a short 
distance into the eastern side of what 
is now Windham. 

Dunstable, a large territory on 
both sides of the Merrimack river, 
having its principal settlement in 
what is now Nashua, was incorporated 
by Massachusetts in 1673, and 
reached to Beaver brook on the 
southwestern limits of the present 
town of Windham; and Dracut, 
incorporated in 1702, included a strip 
of what is now Windham, about one 
and one-half miles wide along our 
southern border. 

In the tract of unoccupied land 
back on the wilderness borders of 
these three river towns of Haverhill, 
Dracut and Dunstable, a settlement 
was planted in the spring of 1719 by 
a colony of people from the vicinity 
of Londonderry, Ireland, who de- 
scribed themselves (Londonderry 
Records, Vol. 1, p. 378) as "being 
descended from and professing the 
Faith and Principles of the Establist 
Church of North Britain" — that is, 
Scotch Presbyterians. 


The Granite Monthly 

Their settlement was first railed 
Nutfield, and its center was at what 
is now East Deny. Its incorpora- 
tion was delayed by the doubt as to 
which province the land lay in. In 
the fall of 1719 the settlers obtained 
title to the land by a deed from Col. 
John Wheelwright of Wells, Maine, 
whose grandfather, Rev. John Wheel- 
wright, the founder of Exeter, was 
supposed to have purchased from the 
Indians in 1G29 a large tract between 
the Merrimack and Piscataqua rivers. 
Colonel Wheelwright's deed to the 
proprietors conveyed a tract about 
ten miles square, bounded in part by 
the lines of Dunstable, Dracut. and 
Haverhill. But when the settlement 
was incorporated as the town of 
Londonderry, June 21, 1722. by the 
General Court of New Hampshire, 
these Massachusetts towns were not 
named, although it was provided that 
the boundaries of the new town were 
not to infringe on any land which 
might afterward be found to be in 
Massachusetts. As a matter of fact 
the line did overlap considerably the 
line claimed by Elaverhill as its west 
boundary, as it did also the Dracut 
and Dunstable limits. Erom the 
first settlement of Londonderry, there 
was a great deal of controversy and 
litigation between the settlers of that 
town and those of Haverhill, over 
lands along the border, until the de- 
cision of the king in 1740 that the 
line between the two provinces. Xew 
Hampshire and Massachusetts, should 
be three miles north of the Merrimack 
river, and the actual running of the 
line the next year, practically where 
it is now. 

This decision had the effect of 
cutting Dunstable into two towns, 
one on each side of the province line, 
and of depriving Dracut, Haverhill, 
and Methuen (which had been or- 
ganized in 1725 out of the western 
portion of Haverhill and a mile-and- 
a-half strip of "country land 1 ' be- 
tween that town and Dracut; of large 
tracts in their northern parts. In 
1742, the year after the settlement of 

the province line dispute, Windham, 
forming the southern part of London- 
derry, was set off as a separate 
parish or town. Rut few farms in 
Windham had been occupied before 

Let us now consider the location of 
Mr. Gobbet's tract of five hundred 
acres, granted to him in 1662, just 
outside the western borders of Haver- 

The " Records of the Governor and 
Company of the Massachusetts Bay 
in New England," printed by order 
of the Legislature in 1854, say (Vol. 
4, part 2, p. 50): "In ans r to the 
pet icon of Mr. Tho Cobbet of Ips- 
uieh, the Court Court [sic] judgeth it 
meete to graunt him five hundred 
acres of land where he cann find it 
according to la we." This was under 
date of May 7, 1662. 

Whether this grant was made in 
recognition of any special service 
rendered by him, there is nothing to 
show. But when, the year previous, 
his neighbor, Rev. John Higginson of 
Salem, Mass., had petitioned the 
General Court, "humbly desiring the 
favo r of this Court in the graunt of 
some lands," the record shows it 
was "in relation to service by him 
donne in being a scribe to the synod 
in sixteene hundred & thirty seven." 
This request was acted on favorably 
May 22, 1661. "The Court judgeth 
it meete to graunte the saj.d M r Hig- 
ginson seven hundred acres of land 
in some free place & not prejudicial! 
to to a .plantation," and chose a 
committee of three to lay it out, 
which apparently was not done until 
after Mr. Gobbet's grant had been 
laid out. 

This Rev. John Lligginson had been 
installed pastor of the Salem church 
in 1660. He was the son of the 
noted Rev. Francis Higginson, who 
had been the first "'teacher 7 ' (with 
Rev. Samuel Skelton as "pastor") 
of the same church from its formation 
in 1629 until his death the next year. 

John Higginson's grant of seven 
hundred acres, the lavout of which was 

Rev. Thomas Cobbel 


approved by the Court Oct. 21, 16G3, 
lay in what is now Windham, being, 
as the record says, north and by west 
from Mr. Gobbet's farm, and about 
half a mile from it. Its south bounds 
were on a brook, and it was "bounded 
upon the west ljne from the head of 
a pond that lyeth at the head of the 
abouesajd brooke." This must refer 
to Mitchell's pond and the brook 
which flows out of it. 

Mr. Higginson was dissatisfied 
with his farm, and any one who knows 
the character of the land to the east of 
Mitchell's pond will not blame him. 
In 16(38 he petitioned io have four or 
five hundred acres of the upland on 
the south side of his meadow ex- 
changed for a like amount "in the 
wilderness." It appears that the 
whole was exchanged for a tract of 
seven hundred acres adjoining the 
first grant, upon the south. This 
second grant was bounded upon the 
east side by the Haverhill line and 
in part upon the west by Mr. Cob- 
bet's farm, and by the northeasterly 
part of "a great pond, formerly called 
Haverhill Bound Pond," now known 
as Canobie Lake; .so that it helps 
very much in determining the loca- 
tion of Mr. Cobbet's farm. 

The southeast corner of the Cob- 
bet grant was at "a swampe that 
joynes vpon Haueriil bounds." With- 
out considering in detail at this time 
the interesting question of the loca- 
tion of Haverhill's west line previous 
to the setting off of Methuen in 1725,' 
it will be sufficient to sum up the 
results of careful study as follows: 
It appears that previous to Cobbet's 
grant, and probably at some time 
between 1650 and 1660, the Haver- 
hill people had in some way estab- 
lished their western boundary far 
enough west to cross a portion of 
"Haverhill Bound Pond"; that in 
the survey ordered by the General 
Court in 1666 the line was laid a little 
east of the easternmost point of the 
pond, as shown by the description of 
Higginson's second grant; but in the 
completion of this survey in 1674, 

the line was again made to cross the 
easternmost cove of the pond, as there 
is evidence that it did in 1715. 

The description of Mr. Higginson's 
second grant is found in the Colonial 
Iiecords already mentioned. Vol. 4, 
part 2, p. 441, under date Oct. 12, 
1669. Its south boundary ran west 
from Haverhill line to "the south- 
east corner" of "a great pond form- 
erly called Haueriil Bound Pond," 
and the tract was thence "bounded 
by the sajd pond vpon the west 
vntill it cometh cleare of the ponds 
east end, & then rangeth westward 
by the side of the sajd pond, to the 
land of Jeremiah Belchar, & is 
bounded by the land of sd Belchar 
on the west, vntill it comes to the 
land of M r Cobbet, there being 
. . . a white oake tree marked 
next M r Cobbet, which white oake 
was the auntient bound marke of 
Hauerills perpendicular ljne, & thenc 
raingeth east cleere of M r Cobbet & 
bounded upon Mr Cobbets vpon the 
west, to a stooping white oake tree, 
marked w th T C & I H; & ffrom 
thence running northerly to a black 
oake tree, marked on the north side 
of a brook, commonly called the 
westermost branch of Spicket Riuer 
. . . & from thence it rangeth 
easterly [bounded by Higginson's 
former grant, now relinquished] vntill 
it comes to Haueriil ljne." 

Although no distances are given 
in this description, it seems most 
probable that the swamp, in which 
was located Haverhill's "ancient 
bound" and Mr. Cobbet's southeast 
corner, was the low ground near the 
present Searles schoolhouse in the 
Canobie Lake district of Windham. 

The following is the description of 
the bounds of Mr. Cobbet's five 
hundred-acre grant as found in the 
Massachusetts Colony Records, Vol. 
4, part 2, p. 78, the date being June 
6, 1663. 

"The bounds & extents of Mr. 
Cobbetts farme: Being bounded as 
followeth, vpon the south ljne from 
a swampe that joynes vpon Hau- 


The Granite Monthly 

erill bounds, so rainging vpon a 
west & by north point vntili vow come 
to a great rocke vpon the north 
side of a long pond, called Deane 
Pond. Vpon the sajd south ljne it 
rangeth twenty score rod, and from 
the great rocke it rangeth, vpon a 
north <fc by west point, sixteene score 
rod. That west ljne is bounded by a 
swampe; and from a tree marked in 
the sajd swampe it raingeth eight 
score rod to the corner of a peece of 
meadow of about eight acres, that is 
w th in the bounds, vpon an east & 
by south point; & from a great 
white oake tree, w th a great rocke 
neere the sajd tree, by the sajd peece 
of meadow, it rangeth sixteene score 
rod vpon a south east and halfe 
point easterly, vntili vow come to the 
abouesajd swampe, adjoyning upon 
Hauerill bounds. 

''This is a true accompt & descrip- 
tion of the bonds & extents of the 
farme abouesajd accompted, to our 
best judgment, as attests our hands, 
who lajd it out, October, 1662. 
Joseph Datjis. 
Jeremiah Belchar. 
Simon Ttjttel. 

"The Court judgeth it meet to 
allow of this returne of M r Cobbetts 
farme layd out, being hue hundred 

Starting, as we suppose, from the 
low ground just east of the Searles 
schoolhouse, the south line of this 
tract ran for a distance of one and 
one-fourth miles in a direction de- 
scribed as "a west and by north 
point," that is, one " point" of thu 
compass, or eleven and one-fourth 
degrees, north of west. Judging from 
the position of lines which were 
described as running due north and 
south, we conclude that the sur- 
veyors of those days ran by the 
compass needle, without making any 
allowance for its declination. This is 
confirmed by a record of a survey 
in 1674 (Mass. Colony Records, Vol. 
5, p. 40): "Wee ran due north west, 
according to the compasse, not al- 
lowing any variations," etc. 

Without knowing what the mag- 
netic declination at that period would 
be, we may consider the south 
boundary of Air. Cobbet's tract as 
practically an east and west line, 
which would bring it to some "great 
rocke vpoh the north side of a long 
pond" — the pond which now bears 
his name. As this rock is described 
as upon the north side rather than 
upon the shore of the pond, it is 
difficult to say whether it was some 
one of several large bowlders at the 
water's edge, or a great cliff-like 
ledge a number of rods back from the 
shore near "Indian rock." From 
this corner, at or near the pond, the 
boundary ran in a direction west of 
north, a distance of one mile, bordered 
on the west by a swamp. The north 
side was a half mile wide and then 
the line ran southeast back to the 
swamp near Haverhill bounds. 

Twenty acres of meadow was soon 
added, as appears by the following 
record {Ibid., p. 137): 

"Oct. 14, 1664. In ans r to the 
peticon of Mr. Thomas Cobbet, 
humbly desiring the favo r of this 
Court to grant him a peece of meadow, 
being ab l twenty acres of meadow, as 
an addition to his farme layd out nere 
Hauerill bounds, formerly markt w th 
the letters T C, & lyeth neere his five 
hundred acres on the west ljne thereof, 
the Court grants his request." 

Morrison's History of Windham 
says that the bounds of this farm 
were renewed May 2, 1728, by Jona- 
than Foster, John Jacques, Thomas 
Gage, and David Haseltine. This 
was about the time the Londonderry 
proprietors began to lay out some of 
this same land, and other land farther 
south between the ponds, into a 
range of farms forming Windham 
Range. The heirs of Rev. Mr. Cob- 
bet (he having died forty-two years 
before), were in danger of losing their 
land, as indeed they did, thirteen 
year later, when the settling of the 
province boundary dispute threw this 
land out of the jurisdiction of Massa- 
chusetts and rendered its grant void. 

Rev. Thomas Cobbet 


But in the former year, 1728, a 
granddaughter of Rev. Thomas pe- 
titioned the General Court for per- 
mission to sell her share of the Cobbet 
farm. The interesting record ex- 
plains itself. (Acts and Resolves of 
the Province of Massachusetts Bav, 
Vol. 11, p. 323.) 

"A Petition of Waitawhile Hub- 
bart one of the Children of John 
Cobbet of Boston Dec d Shewing that 
her Husband William Hubbart has 
been gone to Sea above three years 
& wholly neglects to do any thing for 
her Support or the Support of her 
Child, & has not so much as written 
to her since he left her, so that she is 
reduced to great Straits for Neces- 
saries of Life, Praying that she may be 
impowered to make Sale of her Right 
(which is one fifth Part) of a Farm, 
which belonged to her said Father 
John Cobbet, lying in the Town of 
Haverhill that so she may be en- 
abled to support her self & Child. 

" Read [and Accepted] & 
] "Voted that the Prayer of the Pe- 
tition be granted, & the Petitioner is 
allowed <fc impowered to make Sale 
of one Fifth Part of the Farm within 
mention'd for the support of herself 
& Child. 

" (Passed June 14) 1728." 

If she sold her share it was prob- 
ably to the other heirs. 

When in 1741 this tract was de- 
cided to be in the jurisdiction of New 
Hampshire, Nathaniel and Ann Cob- 
bet, grandchildren of the original 
grantee, petitioned the General Court 
of Massachusetts for an equivalent, 
and they were allowed fifteen hundred 
acres near Charlemont in western 
Massachusetts. (Felt's History of 

Thus passed out of existence the 
Cobbet farm on the shores of the 
"long pond" which had already as- 
sumed his name. His grant was re- 
peatedly called a form, but we are 
not to suppose that any part of it 
had ever been cleared or occupied by 
him or any of his heirs. We can 
only conjecture whether the busy 

preacher ever feasted his eyes on the 
blue gem set in primeval forest, 
which was destined to perpetuate 
his name hundreds of years after he 
had passed from earth. 

It will be noticed that already in 
1662 the pond had a name — Deane 
Pond, as it appears in the printed 
Records, in the description of the 
layout of Cobbet's grant. Morrison 
in his History of Windham (p. 39), 
quoting the same passage without 
stating whence he derived it, gives 
the word as draw. The Commis- 
sioner of Public Records of Massa- 
chusetts, after a critical examination 
of the word in the original record, 
decided it to be Draue. Whether 
this means Draw, or whether, as the 
letters u and v were at that period 
interchangeable, it was meant for 
Drave. is but a matter of conjecture, 
as is the significance of any of these 
terms as applied to the pond. There 
is a Scotch word, drave, meaning u a 
haul of fish," also "a shoal of fish." 
Possibly some connection may be 
traced with "Drawcutt," an early 
form of the name Dracut, the north- 
ern boundary of which town, as in- 
corporated many years later (1702), 
actually crossed this pond. 

Only one other name has been 
found which has ever been applied 
to Cobbett's pond, and that is 
Goldings pond, found in the town 
records of Dracut (Vol. 1, p. 285) 
in the record of the perambulation of 
their northern line by the Dracut 
selectmen in December, 1733 — al- 
though Londonderry by its charter 
of eleven years before had over- 
lapped it a mile and a half. This 
record shows that the Dracut line 
crossed the southern portion of 
" Goldings pond otherwise called 
Cobets pond," then crossed Goldings 
brook, which is the outlet of the 
pond. This name was derived from 
Peter Golding of Boston who in 
16S2 purchased two hundred acres 
on this brook in Pelham where he 
established a mill. The name has 
now become Golden Brook. 

18 The Granite. Monthly 

"When Methuen was incorporated hundred and fifty acres of land lying 

in 1725, its boundaries included the and being to the northeast of Cubages 

Cobbet farm, together with all the pond so Caned." 

central and eastern parts of what is Between this date and the setting 

now Windham; but as this was three off of Windham eighteen years later, 

years after Londonderry had re- the Londonderry records mention the 

ceived its charter, it is not likely that pond about thirty times, with various 

the Methuen claim to this region was spellings, of which Cobats, first found 

ever seriously regarded. in 1728, is the most common. 

The first mention of Cobbett's The first mention of Cobbett's 
pond in the records of Londonderry pond in the town records of Wind- 
is found under date of October 29, ham is in the warrant for the March 
1723 in the following record (Early meeting of 1754. (Vol. 1, p. 72.) 
Records as printed, Vol. 2, p. 84): "3ly. To See if you will Chuse a 
" Laid out by order of the town af arm Cirveyer to Plan the parish in its 
Given in the Charter to the Rev d m r former Bounds as also Pond 
James mcGregore Containing two & the Meetinghouse." 


By Bela Chapi'/i 

Like leaves still clinging to the tree, 
While wintry winds sweep by, 

We are the last remaining three — 
Two aged kin and I. 

Our own dear loved ones dropped away 
And friends we knew so well; 

They left their tenement of clay, 
In paradise to dwell. 

Departed souls, they are at rest 

Upon the heavenly shore, 
And there in mansions of the blest 

They live for ever more. 

Our spring of life soon passed away, 

Our summertide of flowers, 
Our autumn came but could not stay; 

Life's winter now is ours. 

And we rejoice that length of days 

Has been our lot to bear: 
That we have been in all our ways 

In God's paternal care. 

So will we bide, good kin of mine, 

The time of our release, 
And murmur not in our decline, 

But go in joy and 'peace. 

To meet again departed friends 
Where storm-winds never blow, 

To be where pleasure never ends 
And streams of gladness flow. 


By Oliver Zv. Frisbee 

The mast fleet, to and from the old 
world and the Piscataqua in the 
seventeenth century, was the fore- 
runner of the great fleets crossing the 
Atlantic in the twentieth century. 
These ships were built especially for 
the mast trade. They were of about 
four hundred tons burthen, and 
carried from forty-five to fifty mast. 
These ships had the privilege of 
wearing the King's Jack, and had a 
special convoy. When ships could 
not be found for this trade they sent 
large rafts of mast and lumber, shaped 
like a vessel, and rigged like a ship, 
across to Europe. One of these rafts 
made the passage in twenty-six days. 

The mast fleet were the couriers of 
the sea, the surest and quickest means 
of communication between the two 

No colonial product commanded 
so much attention in Europe as the 
masts, and pipe staves and other 
lumber from the Piscataqua. 

New Hampshire was the great 
cutting ground for mast and lumber, 
and Piscataqua the great shipping 
port. Cart wright and other commis- 
sioners in 1665, found "7 or 8 ships 
in the large and safe harbor of Pis- 
cataqua and great stores of mast and 
lumber. " As early as 1631 the Pis- 
cataqua had its first sawmill, and 
gundalows to carry the lumber down 
the river. 

The British government paid a 
premium of one pound per ton on 
mast and yards and bowsprits. The 
mast were not to exceed thirty-six 
inches at the butt and be as long as 
the mast was inches in diameter. In 
1664 they were worth from ninety- 
live to one hundred fifteen pounds 
per mast. 

The broad arrow of the King was 

placed on all white pines twenty-four 
inches in diameter three feet from 
the ground. It was especially stipu- 
lated in the Royal grant that pine 
trees fit for masting the royal navy 
were to be carefully preserved, and 
the cutting for any other purpose led 
to the forfeiture of the grant. They 
were as tall as the giant trees of 
California are today. To fall these 
pines from thirty-three to thirty-six 
inches in diameter and from two 
hundred to two hundred seventy feet 
in length, was a business in itself, 
and called for the exercise of great 
care in falling them or they would 
break. It took forty cattle to move 
the massive load to the shore to start 
it -on its mission to the Royal navy. 

Ships even came to the Piscataqua 
after the battle of Lexington (May 
17, 1775) for masts which were ready 
for them, but the people kept them 
for their own use. The broad arrow 
remained on the trees. Many of these 
trees took new r growth from republican 
soil. They even served in equipping 
the stout cruisers of 1812, that fairly 
beat the great navy that took all the 
great trees of the subject colony. 

The mast and lumber industry of 
the Piscataqua contributed to the 
glory of England, as much as the gold 
of the New World did to the glory of 
Spain. Spain was the mistress of the 
world, the queen of the ocean, the 
terror of the nations. England saw 
the only way to overcome these was 
to build ships and send them all over 
the known world, filled with sailors 
and adventurers. These outstripped 
the French, conquered the Dutch, 
and finally put herself at the head of 
the world, and the lumber and masts 
from the Piscataqua enabled her to 
do it. 


By Norman C. Tice 

Pursuing our course along a sandy 
road, we finally reach the lane that 
leads to the farmhouse. We pass 
through a rustic gate, and, walking 
up the narrow pathway, enter the 
peach orchard. As we stand upon 
the hilltop we look around us. The 
distant landscape is bathed in the 
mystic blue haze of a September 
morning. Toward the north the ver- 
dure crowned slopes of Uncanoonuc 
Mountains can be seen, partly en- 
veloped in a mantle of purple gauze. 
Below us in the valley, and far down 
the river plain, are the woodlands of 
pine and scrub-oak, with masses of 
laurel clustering beneath. 

The orchard is hemmed in by long 
walls of rough stonework, and half- 
sheltered on two sides by large apple 
trees. Through the rifted branches 
comes the odor of the sweet fern, 
which grows luxuriantly in the pas- 
ture lands. Pound Sweets, Green- 
ings, and Porters hang from the heavy 
laden, pendulous branches of the 
apple trees. They seem like gigantic 
gems, wrought in an emerald setting 
of green leaves, as the bright Sep- 
tember sun flashes upon their pol- 
ished surfaces. 

As we enter the rows of peach trees 

we utter exclamations of great de- 
light, for the trees are fairly blushing 
in their wealth of ruddy fruit. Balti- 
more Belles, are beautiful in their 
delicate coloring, while the Albertas 
are more striking in their rich, purple 
velvet. We pluck the ripe fruit from 
the branches and perceive that the 
taste is delicious, far more so than 
those we have eaten from an imported 

We roam at leisure among the sun- 
lighted aisles of peach trees and when 
our pockets are laden with promising 
ovals, we lounge beneath a Pound 
Sweet tree and enjoy the September 
morning. Near the distant city the 
bells of St. Anselm's College are ring- 
ing. The echo of their chimes ac- 
centuates the peacefulness of the 
scene. We lie upon the orchard 
grass and gaze skyward through the 
rifts in the apple tree roof. 

The sun rises higher in the blue as 
we linger here and the warm, fra- 
grant air from the peach orchard is 
wafted towards us. As the morning 
vanishes speedily away we are loath 
to leave the fruit grove and take the 
path that leads homeward. 


By Georgia Rogers Warren 

Yes — "Remember to forget." 
I've seen nothing like it yet 
To make one sleep at night 
And, if you will, an appetite. 

It seems a simple thing, 

And meaningless, perhaps, 

But when the worries come, and fret, 

Just — " Remember to forget." 

You'll have more time to write and read, 
Or plant a little flower seed, 
And visit with a friend a bit — 
And say — "Remember to forget." 

Our Soldiers on the Mexican Border 21 


By Sarah Fuller Bickford Hafey 

Hurrah! for the soldiers, of them we are proud, 
So three cheers, three times, and hurrah long and loud; 
They've proved love of country is bred in the bone, 
So laud them and cheer them, down in that hot zone. 

They'll follow the flag, though they drop by the way, 
And always are ready commands to obey. 
We think of them, pra} r for them and proudly tell, 
How bravely they act and all duties do well. 

They've left home and loved ones, to struggle and fight, 
For love of their country e'er guides them aright; — - 
Their lives they would give, for the red, white and blue, 
So, God bless the soldiers, so noble and true. 


By Mary C. Rolofson 

O deep, calm stillness of the winter wood! 

No leaves to rustle in the restless breeze, 

No birds to carol in the empty trees, 
No brooks to laugh and sing in merry mood. 
Silence, snow-sandaled, in white cape and hood, 

Walks in these aisles and with her crystal keys 

Such sounds as she may find in haunts like these 
Locks in their sources as to her seems good. 

The timid rabbit, noiseless, white as snow, 

Elusive as a ghost goes on his way, 
Or sits erect to listen for a foe, 

While silence listens, too, through all the day. 
Let neither speech nor laughter, man, be heard 
Where is forbidden voice of brook and bird. 


By II. Thompson Rich 

Move slow, move slow across the endless night, 

Gold figures of the multitudinous stars: 
There's no apotheosis in your sight, 

Nor freedom from your imperceptible bars. 
Whither you're bound you know not any more 

Than we below know whither we are bound: 
Mystery holds from us its ancient lore, 

And mystery envelops you around. 
Fixed in our puny orbit we abide, 

Helpless to modify our destiny; 
And fixed in the afrluxuent, tireless tide 

You swirl and sweep to your eternity. 
Nothing can tell us, we can never know . . 
Move slow, O multitudinous stars, move slow. 


Annette Marian Ring, wife of Frank Cressy 
and daughter of the late Edmund J. King of 
Bradford, where she was born seventy-five 
years ago, died at her home in Concord De- 
cember 5, 191 G. 

Mrs. Cressy was a woman of unusual ac- 
complishments, a gifted writer and prominent 
social and church worker. She was an active 
member of the Concord Woman's Club, of 
the Daughters of the American Revolution, 
Shakespeare Club, the Woman's Alliance of 
the Unitarian Church, and various other 
organizations. She is survived by her hus- 
band, Frank Cressy, two sons, Y\ ill M. and 
Harry, the former the well-known comedian 
and playwright — and a daughter, Miss May 


Miah B. Sullivan, M. D., a prominent phy- 
sician of Dover, died in that city, December 
25, 1916, aged fifty-nine years. 

He had been prominent in public life, had 
served in the State Senate and been his 
party ; s candidate for mayor. He was the 
founder and first exalted ruler of the Dover 
Lodge of Elks. 


Charles W. Bartlett, who died December 
6, 1916, was a prominent Boston lawyer, and 
a native of that city, born August 12, 1845, 
but generally regarded as a Xew Hampshire 
boy, from the fact that his parents removed 
when he was quite young to the town of Lee, 
the old family home, and that his early life 
was spent there and in Durham; while his 
education was completed at Dartmouth Col- 
lege, from which he graduated in 1869, having 
meanwhile served an enlistment in a Massa- 
chusetts regiment, in the Civil War. Taking 
up the study of law, he graduated from the 
Albany (X. Y.) Law School in 1871, and was 
for a time associated in practice with the late 
Hon. Samuel M. Wheeler of Dover. In 1874 
he removed to Boston, where he was for a 
dozen years or more the partner of the late 
Hon. Napoleon B. Bryant, a prominent law- 
yer and a Xew Hampshire native. Later he 
was prominent in other firms and successful 
in practice. He was a Democrat in politics 
and was the nominee of his party for governor 
in 1905, against Curtis Guild, the successful 
Republican candidate, and served as judge 
advocate general on the star! of Gov. William 
L. Douglas. He was a 32d degree Mason and 
past commander of John A. Andrew Post, 
G. A. R. 

General Bartlett in 1871 married Mary L. 
Morrison of Franklin, X. EL, who died in 1882. 
There were born to them two children, Joseph 

W., associated with his father in business, and 
Marie L. On August 7, 1897, Mr. Bartlett 
married the second time, his bride being Miss 
Annie M. White of Acushnct, for several 
years official stenographer of the Superior 
Court. He is survived by his wife and by the 
children of first wife. 

Gen. James Miller, grandson of the hero 
of Lundy's Lane, for whom he was named, 
died at his home in the town of Temple, 
December 11, 1916. 

General Miller, who was well known in this 
state, was born in Boston, February 11, 1844, 
and enlisted as a private in Company B, 5Uth 
Massachusetts Infantry in 1861, when he was 
but seventeen years old. Before he was 
honorably mustered out in 1865 he had risen 
to the rank of first lieutenant. On February 
23, 1866, he was appointed second lieutenant 
in the 16th United States Infantry, and was 
raised to first lieutenant the same year. His 
promotions continued at regular intervals 
until he was made brigadier-general, August 
11, 1903. He was retired at his own request, 
August 12, 1903, after forty years of service. 
He is survived by one sister, Mrs. Charles S. 
Brown of Boston and Xew Ipswich; one niece, 
Miss Mary Miller Higby of Boston, and a 
nephew, Philip Brown of Boston. 


Dea. Joseph A. Cochran, a prominent 
citizen of Concord and a native of Plymouth, 
born March 10, 1S35, died at his home in that 
city, November 28, 1916. 

Deacon Cochran had been a resident of 
Concord about sixty years. He was long 
engaged in mercantile pursuits and for some 
time in partnership with the late Frank Coffin 
in the wholesale Hour trade. He was chosen 
city clerk of Concord in 1879 and continued 
in that office twenty-four years, having pre- 
viously served in both branches of the city 

He was an Odd Fellow, a member of the 
Wonolancet Club, and an active member of 
the South Congregational Church, of which 
he was a deacon at the time of his death, and 
for many years previous. 

Deacon Cochran married, first, Elizabeth 
H. Rounds, who died in February, 1877. In 
May, 1878, he married Edna A. Bean, who 
survives, with a daughter by the first wife, 
Alice G. 


Miss Mary Morrison, a native of Milton, 
Mass., but a long time resident of Peterbo- 
rough, died at her home in that town, Janu- 
ary 7, 1917. 

New Hampshire Necrology 


She was the daughter of Rev. John H. 
\f orris* »n, long pastor of the Unitarian 
Church in Peterborough, and was horn April 
.10. 1 85 1 . She was educated in private schools 
in Boston, nnd while living in that city was 
interested with the late Miss Anna Ticknor 
in the work of the Society for Study at Home, 
a forerunner of the modern correspondence 
(school. She was vice-president of the 
Women's Educational Association and served 
Jons as chairman of the library committee 
which started and carried on a system of cir- 
culating libraries throughout the state. She 
was the organizer and chairman for twentv 
years of a volunteer committee on fiction, to 
assist the librarian of the Boston Public 
Librarv in selecting books for library circula- 

Since establishing her home in Peterborough 
nearly twentv years ago. Miss Morrison had 
been actiyelv interested in promoting the 
welfare of the town, in various directions. 
She was a trustee of the public library — the 
oldest in the country — a member of the 
Progressive Club, the Colonial Dames, the 
Edward MaeDowell Memorial Association, 
and the Peterborough Grange, of which she 
was lecturer last year. She also conducted a 
model dairv farm and took great interest in 
agricultural progress. She was a member 
of the standing committee of the Peter- 
borough Unitarian Church. She is survived 
by a brother, Rev. Robert S. Morrison of 


^ Willis G. C. Kimball, long a prominent 

citizen of Concord, and New Hampshire's 

best known photographer, died at his home 

in that city January 1, 1917. 

He was born in Manchester. June 4, 1843, 
son of the late William H. and Sarah M. Kim- 
ball, who soon removed to Franklin where he 
spent, his earl v years and obtained his educa- 
tion. The family removed to Concord in 
ISM. where he resided through life, com- 
mencing as an emplovee in the Kimball 
K * l ! ( ]j°' *°. wnose business he succeeded in 
18*77. having meanwhile served in the ISth 
New Hampshire Regiment in the Civil War, 
enlisting as a private and being mustered out 
as a lieutenant-colonel. 

Mr. Kimball was much interested in music, 
and was at one time organist at the Unitarian 
Church, wh^re he was a regular attendant. 
ne was deeply interested in all matters pcr- 
b'umng to the welfare of his city, and had 
jerved n any years on the Park Commission. 
He was a member of E. E. Sturtevant Post, 
G A. P.. of Granite State Council, Royal 
Arcanum, and the Wonolancet Club. 

Mr. Kimball married. May 31, 1863, Ella, 
daughter of the late Xarhan W. Gove, and 
Iheir four children were born in Concord: 
Harry Gove, who died October 17, 1883, aged 
nineteen years; Richard Hazen, who died 
October 27, 1909, aged forty years; Edith M., 

wife of R. M. Baker of Boston and W. G. C. 
Kimball. Jr.. of Swampscott. Mass. Mrs. 
Kimball died April 7, 1009. 

Abner Little Merrill, M. D., a native of 
Exeter, died in Boston, Mass., December 20. 

He was the son of Abner and Sarah (Lea- 
vitt) Merrill and was born at Exeter. January 
23, $826. He attended the public schools at 
Exeter, was graduated from the Phillips 
Exeter Academy, entered the sophomore 
class at Harvard in 1843 and was graduated 
from Harvard in 1840. He was the last sur- 
viving member of his class and. next to his 
fellow townsman. Dr. Nicholas E. Soule, who 
was graduated in the class of 1845, was the 
oldest Harvard alumnus. He attended the 
Harvard Medical School and was graduated 
from there in 1840. He practiced medicine 
but a short time, and then went into business, 
first in Newburvport, and later in Boston as 
a member of the firm of Merrill Brothers, 
paints and oils, in which he was most suc- 
cessful. He was always greatly interested in 
his native town and its academv. He made 
large donations to its public schools, to the 
First Church and was one of the Phillios 
Exeter Academy's largest benefactors. He 
established the Merrill Course of Lectures 
at the academy, which has been in existence 
for several years. 

In 1859 Doctor Merrill married Miss 
Harriet M. Robinson, daughter of the late 
Jeremiah L. Robinson of Exeter, who died in 
February, 1804. 

Hon. Robert G. Pike, chief justice of the 
New Hampshire Superior Court, a native of 
Rollinsford, son of Amos W. and Elizabeth M. 
fChadbourne) Pike, born July 28, 1851, died 
in Dover, January 0, 1017. 

Judge Pike was educated at Berwick Acad- 
emy and Dartmouth College, graduating 
from the latter in 1872. After leaving col- 
lege he engaged in civil engineering and taught 
for a time before turning to the law, which 
he studied with Judges Charles Doe and 
Jeremiah Smith. He was admitted to the 
bar in 1881, and began his practice in Dover. 
For a time he was associated with Hon. John 
Kivel, later his colleague on the Superior 
Court bench. In 1877 he became citv solici- 
tor of Dover, serving till 1880. In 1893-96 he 
was judge of probate for Strafford County. 
He was appointed an associate justice of the 
Supreme Court in 1806, and five years later, 
upon the reorganization of the court, became 
an associate justice of the Superior Court, suc- 
ceeding to the post of chief justice upon the 
death of Chief Justice Wallace in 1013. 

Judge Pike, during his long service upon 
the bench, gained a high reputation for fair- 
ness, ability, dignified bearing and strong 
grasp of legal principles and their proper ap- 


The Granite Monthly 

plication. Politically he was a Republican, 
but never a partisan. He had served as a 
trustee of Berwick Academy and visitor of the 
Chandler Foundation of Dartmouth College. 
He was a Mason, a trustee of the Strafford 
Savings Bank, and a member of the Bellamy 
Club of Dover. He had been president of the 
State Bar Association and at its meeting in 
New Castle last June he delivered an address 
of great interest to his fellow members of the 
bar on his personal recollection of Judge Doe. 
He was never married, and made his home 
in Dover with his sister, Miss Lilla J. Pike. 

Hon. James H. Tolles, mayor of Nashua in 
1866-67-68, died at his home in that city, 
January 13, 1917. 

He was born in Nashua October 17. 1S46, a 
son of the late Horace C, and Sophia Ann 
(Wright) Tolles. He was educated in the 
public schools, and in early life was deeply in- 
terested in music, to which he gave much 
attention. After serving some years as a 
clerk in different mercantile concerns, he en- 
tered the lumber business with his father-in- 
law, John Cross, and the firm of Cross & 
Tolles, afterward J. II. Tolles & Co., did an 
extensive business for many years. 

Politically he was an active Democrat, and 
in religion a Congregationalist, being a mem- 
ber of the First Congregational Church of 
Nashua, and one of the active working com- 

mittee in the building of the present splendid 

He was married July 8, 1872, to Mary 
Ellen Cross, who survives him. Besides his 
widow he is survived by two brothers, General 
and former Mayor Jason E. Tolles and X. D. 
Tolles, both of Nashua. 

Amanda Bartlett Harris, a well known 
writer of Warner, died at her home in that 
town, January 15, 1917. 

She was born August 15, 1824, and was the 
daughter of Harrison Gray and Mary (Bart- 
lett) Harris. She had been a writer since girl- 
hood and had contributed to the Christian 
Union, the Congregationalist, the Congrega- 
tional Renew. Appleton 's Journal, St. Nicholas, 
Wide Awake, the Granite Monthly, and 
other periodicals. She had been a book re- 
viewer for the Literary World since 1874. 
Much of her earlier work was done under pen 
names or was anonymous. Miss Harris was 
the author of several books, beginning with 
"Christ Our Friend," which was published 
in 1S66 as a booklet. One of her last books 
was "The Luck of Edenhall," published in 
1888. Miss Harris was a descendant of Josiah 
Bartlett, one of the signers of the Declaration 
of Independence. 

She is survived by a sister, Man- Bartlett 
Harris, librarian of the Pillsbury Free Library 
at Warner. 


Bound volumes of the Granite Monthly, 
for 1916. are now ready for exchange with 
subscribers for the unbound numbers, at 50 
cents per copy. 

The next issue of the Granite Monthly 
will be the February and March numbers com- 
bined. If is expected to contain an extensive, 
illustrated sketch of Laconia, the "Lake 
City," and to appear about the first of March. 

Subscribers in arrears uill confer a favor, not 
only upon the publisher hut upon the readers of 
this magazine, if they v?ill promptly remit the 
amount due. The amount of reading matter 
presented necessarily depends largely upon the 
receipts of the office. Printing bills have to be 

A new 7 a dministration, with Henry 7 W. Keyes 
at its head, is now in power at the State 
House. The legislature is in sessson, with 

Arthur P. Morrill of Concord, Speaker of the 
House, and Jesse M. Barton of Newport, Pres- 
ident of the Senate. There is the usual talk 
about a "short session " while the probabil- 
ities are that it will cover the usual number 
of weeks or months. With about two days 
of actual legislative work per week, short 
sessions are hardly to be expected. 

The selection of Sherman L. Whipple, leader 
of the Boston bar, as counsel for the Commit- 
tee on Rules, of the National House of Repre- 
sentatives, in its investigation of the alleged 
" leak." in connection with President Wilson's 
"peace note," whereby certain stock gam- 
blers were enabled to reap great profit, as 
claimed, brings conspicuously to the front 
another brilliant son of the old Granite State, 
as in the case of the selection of George W. 
Anderson to conduct the "high cost of living*' 
investigation, Mr. Whipple being a native of 
New London and Mr. Anderson of Acworth. 


The First President of the Friendly Club 

Vol* 33 IXi :-"■■• H *' ' ■ ' ' " •' v SI ftl •. • »j ' 

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: : 5d by The Granite Monthly Company 

HENRY R. METGALF. Editor and Manager 


I TERMS* £? 

"m advance* Single copies, i-„ zLris 

N. H>, 13 IT 

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The Granite Monthly 

Vol. XLIX, Xos. 2-3 

FEBRUARY-MARCH. 1917 New Series, Vol. XII, Nos. 2-3 


By Harriet Carleton Kimball 

The Friendly Club of Concord, 
New Hampshire, is a club for girls and 

Its object is to form a social center 
for mutual service and education of 
women, Vhich shall provide for self- 
imprOvement, recreation and friendly 

Its sphere of interest and action is 
unlimited. It is non-sectarian. It 
embraces all classes, the adult woman, 
the. very young woman, the employed 
woman and the woman of leisure. 

By the woman of leisure is meant 
that woman who is unattached to any 
salaried or wage-giving occupation 
which demands schedule time, and it 
is largely through this unit of women, 
that the Friendly Club had its con- 
ception of thought, and by its unre- 
strained and unceasing concerted ef- 
fort, that the club was organized, and 
is now so efficiently managed, with 
the sympathetic assistance of various 

To write in detail, the club origi- 
nated through the cooperative efforts 
of the Woman's Club and the Charity 
Organization Society. Committees 
respectively from each of these or- 
ganizations collaborated with various 
other societies, the District Nursing 
Association, the Woman's Christian 
Temperance Union, school teachers, 
Board of Education, and people, in- 
dividually influential, whom it was 
desired to interest, and from whom it 
was hoped contributions of money 
would be obtainable. 
^ All religious denominations, both 
Protestant and Roman Catholic, 
became deeply interested. Meet- 

ings were held at which was explained 
the general object of the club, and at 
which also were stated by appointed 
committees results of- preliminary 
work, in soliciting public opinion re- 
garding the formation of a club for 
comprehensive communism. 

In reading different letters from 
various clubs, the chairman of infor- 
mation summarized the opinions 
which had been received. In con- 
cluding, she grouped the ideals of a 
girls' club in the probable order of 
their development. 

"■First, social intercourse; second, 
self-development; third, cooperation 
for common interests; fourth, service 
for others; fifth, self-government; 
sixth, self-support/' 

Finally she said, ''The ideal club 
should be not a mission or a charity, 
but a democratic medium of social 
exchange, with each member feeling 
her social obligation to the welfare of 
the whole." 

After meetings of committees had 
been held, and a cooperative con- 
sensus of opinions regarding the ideal 
type of club had been submitted, 
definite plans were decided upon. 

A small apartment, Centrally lo- 
cated, was secured for the home of the 

A public meeting, which was widely 
advertised, was called at the Parker 
School so it might be established on a 
civic rather than on a religious basis. 

The meeting was managed, so that 
practically every employment plant 
in the city was represented, including 
stenographers, clerks, saleswomen, 
teachers, nurses, and those in house 


The Granite Monthly 

service. The young women were 
much interested in the project and 
were particularly eager to form a club, 
having rooms with a secretary in 
charge, and forming classes. A gym- 
nasium affording physical culture 
seemed the immediate goal of interest. 

On the twenty-seventh day of 
February, 1911, the club was organ- 
ized. The question of membership 
was first discussed. It was voted to 
have it unlimited. 

In the main only older women had 
become interested during the pre- 
liminary meetings. It was now desir- 
able to enlist the attention of younger 


Friendly Club House 

women and girls. Leaflets were dis- 
tributed among them with the follow- 
ing message: 

« .''We want you in our club! The 
Friendly Club of Concord has been 
organized for the purpose of establish- 
ing a social center for women, which® 
shall provide for friendly intercourse, 
mutual service, education of women, 
self-improvement and recreation." 

Then followed a description of the 
rooms, the privileges and method of 
joining. This developed successfully. 

In . the young days of the club 
several socials were held, in charge of 
entertainment committees, at which 
were games and different amusements. 
This gave the members an opportu- 
nity for a broadening acquaintance. 

The chairman of this committee, 
also of the membership committee, 
chore her. associates from the young 

During its first year the club mem- 
bership increased from a little over 
three hundred to nearly eight hun- 
dred. The membership fees are ten 
dollars for sustaining, five for patron, 
two dollars for associate, and one dol- 
lar for active members. 

Patron and sustaining membership 
open to men, who wish to help the 
club by their money and influence. 

The Woman's Club gave a hundred 
dollars, enabling the club to organize. 

The growth of the club had in- 
creased the running expenses and 
even with careful management these 
could not be met by dues alone. A 
plan had to be devised by which 
money might be raised. 

By this time the club had nearly 
doubled its membership since its 
organization, and new members knew 
very little about its management or 
cost of maintenance and'' felt no re- 
sponsibility. . In order to bring them 
into touch with the club, and to de- 
cide what means would be best to levy 
money, a meeting of the club was 
called to consider finances. 

A ways and means committee, 
formed of energetic business women 
was appointed to canvas the club, to 
see if the members would take higher 
membership fees, to get new mem- 
bers and to solicit gifts, but with the 
aim of working towards a self-sup- 
porting club. This committee suc- 
ceeded so well that the club was able 
to pay its expenses the first year. It 
also desirably brought members of 
the club into closer touch with the 
board and gave them a more vital 
interest in the club. 

The officers of the club are a presi- 
dent, three vice-presidents, a record- 
ing secretary, a treasurer and an 
auditor, each of whom* serve one year. 
These officers with eight directors, 
four of whom are elected annually, 
constitute what is known as an execu- 
tive board, which has entire charge 

The Friendly Club 


of the management of the club. It 
holds regular meetings on the second 
Monday in each month. This club is 
the largest club in the New Hampshire 
Federation of Women's Clubs. Two 
delegates are regularly chosen by a 
committee of girls to attend the state 
federation. The annual meeting of 
the club is held in April, the second 

Members of the board are chair- 
men of various committees. They 
choose^ for their associates, young 
women who are interested in the de- 
partment of which they have charge, 
membership, entertainment, gymna- 
sium, etc. 

The various classes, when in forma- 
tion are under observation by some 
member of the board who has charge 
of a department. 

By the will of the late Mary Clif- 
ford Eastman, first president, the. 
club received the sum of ten thousand 
dollars, with which it was possible to 
purchase the present home. The 
club had far outgrown the accommo- 
dation of its original apartments. 

Acting upon advice of men inter- 
ested in the success and duration of 
the club, the board by vote of the 
club were directed' and empowered to 
purcha-e the Xorris estate at 20 South 
Main Street. The club claimed pos- 
session April 19, 1915. 

A committee was appointed with 
authorit}' to make repairs necessary, 
and furnish the house adequately. 
The new home was formally opened 
to the public with a tea. This home 
now owned by the club offers many 
pleasant opportunities for home life. 
It is very centrally located at a short 
distance from the railway station and 
the electric car junction at Pleasant 
and Main Streets. The house repre- 
sents one of the older types of archi- 
tecture. A verandah on the north side 
offers an approach to the main en- 
trance into a hall, extending through 
the main portion of the lower floor. 

Here is placed a bulletin board to 
which are attached all notices of 
classes, meetings, and events interest- 

ing to club members. A register is 
in the hall in which it is desired that 
names of all members and visitors be 

The club furnishes a telephone 
which may be used free of charge by 

At the end of the hall is a settle, 
which gives an atmosphere of com- 
fort and is often used for friendly 
talks by the club girls. 

From the hall opens the spacious 
reception room by two entrances. 
The furnishings are subdued and 
show artistic taste in choice and ar- 
rangement . One portion of the re- 
ception room is equipped with writ- 
ing desk and library table, upon which 
may be always found current maga- 
zines and daily newspapers. 

Another part has a piano and Vic- 
trola. This room may be easily 
closed for two separate rooms, as is 
desired occasionally for club or com- 
mittee meetings. 

Opening from the reception room 
is a rest room, comfortably and gen- 
erously supplied with lounging chairs 
and a reclining couch. 

This room is in part a library, con- 
taining many books both of history 
and of fiction. It has bath room and 
toilet connections. 

Opening both from rest room and 
hall is the dining-room. This room 
has mission furnishings, consisting of 
several small tables and chairs. It is 
in this room, that centers one of the 
most unique and hospitable privileges 
of the clu:>. 

On all wrek days between the hours 
of 11 a. m. and 2 p. m. may be seen 
many women having lunch. The 
lunch may be brought by them indi- 
vidually, or the club serves soup, 
broth, tea. chocolate and coffee at a 
nominal price. Each one serves 
herself at table, and is responsible 
for returning the dishes clean to the 
serving table in the kitchen adjoining. 

Besides employed women, school- 
girls and women shopping may use 
this privilege. Any club member^ 
with guest at any time may also enjoy 


The Granite Monthly 

the dining-room service. It is often 
a very merry group of chatty girls 
one may watch, continually going 
and coming between lunch hours at 
noon or night. To young women who 
like to prepare a light, warm lunch, 
the kitchen service is available. 

The kitchen is very spacious with 
gas range, large serving tables, and 
hot and cold water. A large pantry 
opens from kitchen. This is liberally 
furnished with dishes and cooking 
utensils which are at the disposal of 
club members, restricted only that 
they must be replaced as they were 

A laundry also adjoins the kitchen; 
this is spacious and modernly 

Any club member may use the gas 
range for light cooking. It is this 
little domestic service which the club 
permits that appeals to so many girls 
who are unable to be at home for 
lunch or to those whose homes are out 
of town. 

Opening from the kitchen is a large 
storage room. 

On the second floor of the club 
hotise are the office, the secretary's 
room, the guest room (this room is 
rented to sojourners in town for a 
brief time), three rooms regularly 
leased to persons making their home 
at the club, and a bath-room. 

This floor is approached by two 
stair ways, one from the front en- 
trance and one from the side entrance. 

The third floor comprises four sleep- 
ing rooms which are always rented, 
the housekeeper's room, lavatory 
and toilet. 

The hall on this floor is furnished 
with a reclining couch. During the 
winter a Victrola is at the disposal of 
those staying on this floor. A gym- 
nastic apparatus for exercise is also 
installed on this floor, and is much 

At the rear of the club home is a 
large open grass court. 

Many of the furnishings and appur- 
tenances of the club have been given 
by interested friends. 

Many club activities center within 
the club home. 

Monday, evening, fortnightly, is a 
current event talk followed by a sew- 
ing circle for charitable societies of 
Concord. Many interesting remarks 
regarding current thou$UWma\ r be 
heard during the passing conversation. 

Every Wednesday evening is given 
an educational talk by some repre- 
sentative person, who is specialized 
in his sphere of theme. These talks 
prove, their popularity by the generous 
attendance of club members. 

Friday afternoons, during the win- 
ter months, a musicale and tea is 
given. The program is of standard 
tone and always pleasingly rendered. 
The services of the artists are ten- 
dered gratuitously. The musicale is 
held in the reception room. Tea and 
sandwiches are served in the dining- 
room for a small fee. Different mem- 
bers of the club are invited to pour. 
In the main they are well attended, 
because on afternoons of the Con- 
cord Woman's Club a pleasant oppor- 
tunity is given members to visit the 
club house and have a cup of tea on 
the way home after, a club meeting. 

All board meetings and committee 
meetings are held at the club house, 
on regular specified dates. 

Sales for the benefit of the club are 
frequently held at the club house 
rooms. The sales may be of bags, 
laces, cakes or any article which it 
might be possible to suggest. Several 
rummage sales on a large scale have 
been held outside for the benefit of 
the club. These usually net a tidy 
sum for the treasury. 

It is the privilege of a club member 
to entertain any small club of which 
she may be a member. Card parties 
either private or for the benefit of the 
club are frequently held, either after- 
noon or evening. In fact there is 
seldom a week that some special event 
does not take place at the club rooms. 

On the Governor's inauguration 
day open house is maintained and tea 
served to all legislative members and 

The Friendly Club 


A mutual free agency for employ- 
ment service of any kind is main- 
tained at the club office. 

Outside rooms may also be secured 
through the office of the Friendly 

Information regarding many phases 
of life is obtainable. The club cheer- 
fully cooperates with social welfare 

Volunteer Red Cross work has been 
instituted in the club life. 

Women who have rooms at the 
club, to whom in fact the club is a 
home,' have opportunity of enjoying 
many privileges which the ordinary 
apartment or household would be un- 
able to afford. 

The laundry and kitchen alone 
present those little domestic econo- 
mies which are enjoyed and appre- 
ciated often by those living at the 

The residents of the club suggest, 
one harmonious family, so free from 
friction and misunderstandings, does 
it seem. There are always the little 
pleasantries and social amenities of 
home life. This we think reflects 
strongly upon the cooperative efforts 
of the management. Not one fea- 
ture suggests institutional restrictions. 

Triers are numerous games and en- 
tertainment devices,, always at the 
disposal of the members. At any 
time one may see young women build- 
ing puzzles, using the queechec board, 
playing billiards, enjoying a game of 
cards or taking a cup of tea. 

Tea, chocolate, coffee, sandwiches 
may be served at any hour, when the 
club is open, at small expense. 

Sunday nothing is served by the 
club, although one may wait on 

The Victrola, with many expensive 
records, which was a munificent gift 
from one of the board, during her last 
days of life, is a perpetual source of 
pleasure to the members, who pay 
frequent visits to the club. 

Many of the young women have 
learned to recognize the opera and 
oratorio selections, by repeated play- 

ing, as well as the voices of the artists 
made famous and associated with 
some individual selection. 

This feature alone stands for an 
educational uplift, upon the musical 
minds of girls who otherwise perhaps 
have no opportunity of hearing the 
higher grade records. 

It may be stated that in addition. 
there are many popular song and 
dance records, which the girls enjoy 
to the limit, during relax hours. 
Records are a popular donation to the 
pleasure department . 

The club has its annual occasions: 

A donation day, May nineteenth. 
the anniversary of the birthday of the 
first president and founder of the club. 
This occasion always means a liberal 
remembrance of necessary and desir- 
able articles. A club of this nature, 
affording the home privileges as it 
does, of necessity is constantly in need 
of ordinary domestic utensils, and 
linen which gradually wear out by 
continued use. 

To replenish the treasury, in addi- 
tion to the membership dues, an enter- 
tainment is annually given. In pre* 
vious years there have been given, a 
minstrel .entertainment, an operetta, 
a musical comedy, and a drama. 

Last year a cabaret was given. 
Locally it was a very representative 
affair socially, and its success and 
popularity shows how cheerfully the 
town at large cooperates in anything 
that vitally concerns the Friendly 

During the winter is the annual 
sleighride. This is financed by those 
going and is anticipated as one of the 
jolly events of the winter club life. 

Whenever an}' civic event occurs 
in which it is desirable for societies to 
be represented, the Friendly Unit is 
always a credit unto itself, noticeably 
in the flag day parade of last June, 
when a large number of the young 
women marched. 

This winter has seen organized a 
company of Friendly Club Cadets. 
The company has met once a week at 
the state armory, and drilled under 


The Granite Monthly 

efficient instruction. It is expected 
many hikes may be taken during the 
spring and summer. This feature has 
a marked tendency towards good fel- 
lowship and democracy, the popular 
cry of the day, and the elimination of 
class spirit. 

Another pleasant club feature is 
the annual singing of Christmas carols, 
in different sections of the town. The 
club house itself is joyously trimmed 
with Christmas greens, candles are 
liberally displayed in the windows, 
and lunch is served after the girls re- 
turn to the club, rooms. The usual 
Christmas good cheer is dispensed on 
Christmas day. 

House parties are given during the 
year on special days, All Hallowe'en, 
St. Valentine's Day, Washington's 
Birthday, in fact any day suggesting 
a merrymaking. 

Many impromptu revels occur 
which only those permanently staying 
at the club attend. So suddenly and 
joyously do they develop, it is often 
wondered, "How did it happen!" 

The one continual hopeful ambition 
and desideratum of the club is a gym- 
nasium. The lot is already owned by 
the club. The committee in charge 
is untiring in its effort to interest the 
public and in devising ways and means 
by which to accumulate the necessary 
funds. Already a portion of the 
amount has been furnished by enter- 
tainments, and personal contributions 
of members and friends of the club. 

It is the earnest wish to continue the 
interest in the gymnasium until it is 
an accomplished purpose, and it is 
only by making it a never ceasing and 
vital issue that the young women will 
have what they so intensely crave. 
May the gymnasium germ develop 
and broadly and unrestrainedly ger- 
minate in fallow fields. 

In closing, may it be asked that if 
every one who is not a member, or if 
one is a member but does not closely 
see the club activities, the club spirit, 
inspiring club interest of the officers and 
many members, giving unstintingly 
of their time and energy, ma,y one be 
urged to join if one is not a member; 
if a member, be active, be interested 
not passively but strenuously. The 
club has so many spheres of interest 
and viewpoints of life. Drop in 
occasionally, informally, to read a bit, 
knit a bit, chat a bit over a cup of tea. 

Help to create the spirit of common 
commuters. The general secretary 
and house assistants always delight 
to have the rooms enjoyed to the limit. 

The club owes its present popu- 
larity and foundation to those, who 
in the past have labored earnestly 
and with vigor for its formation and 

There will alwaj^s, we trust, be 
those to whom the responsibility may 
be confidently passed, for the con- 
tinued and never ending success of 
the Friendly Club of Concord, New 

By Helen Rolfe Holmes 

Just lay aside your busy cares, 
leave the noisy, dusty streets with 
the hustling of daily life and come 
with me to a delightful spot where we 
may be refreshed by rest and nature. 
We are going to visit Pineholrn, the 
summer home of the Friendly Club. 

Its situation is ideal and just far 
enough away from the city to find 
rest from our daily routine of life. 

We can go there all the wa} r by auto- 
mobile, ending the ride at a point on 
the river road just opposite Pineholrn. 
By calling, some one from the house 
will come over with a boat and take 
us across in a very few minutes. Or 
we can come from the city in electric 
cars to Contoocook River Park, and 
there take a motor boat up the river 
to Pineholrn. Perhaps we will be for- 

The Friendly Club 


innate enough to have some friend 
who will bring us up in a canoe. 

The trip up the river is delightful. 
Dotted along its banks are many 
pretty cottages and bungalows. As 
we go farther along up the river, these 
lessen in number and the scenery be- 
comes more attractive on either side 
and the river winds more. At last we 
come around quite a bend and here on 
our right, peeping out from the birches 
and pines, Pincholm greets us. Our 
first glimpse inspires us with a welcome 
and out of our boat we jump to the 
landing, and up the wooden steps, 
over the bank we go, to deposit our 
luggage. The house is but a few steps 
from the top of the bank. 

We can never cease to be grateful 
to her through whom this lovely home 
came into our possession. Pineholm 
was formerly the summer home of 
Miss Mary C. Eastman, the first 
president of the Friendly Club. She 
had endeared herself, to all the girls 
and the welfare and progress of the 
club were uppermost in her thoughts. 
We know now that she had long been 
planning that Pineholm should some 
day become ours. After she had been 
called from her earthly home, we 
found she had willed it to us. This 
was in 1914 and directly her father, 
Mr. Samuel C, Eastman, passed the 
deeds into our hands. 

There are about twenty acres of 
land. The house faces a southerly 
exposure and the view of the river in 
front and the opposite shore form a 
picture that one can not tire of look- 
ing at. The birches in front of the. 
house are just thick enough to give a 
seclusion, yet not enough to prevent 
the girls from looking out on the river 
to see all the passing of boats and 
getting a good view across the river. 
Each summer we have had a matron 
to preside over our home and we have 
been very fortunate in having such 
congenial ones who have done much 
to make us all feel at home, and to 
look out for our comfort so well. 

The house is well built and is con- 
veniently arranged. On the front we 

have a broad 6pen piazza the full 
length of the house. On one side we 
have a wire-screened porch, where we 
can have beds made up and sleep, 
breathing the exhilarating scent of the 
pines. We have a good sized table on 
this porch where we can eat when we 
wish and enjoy our meals with an out- 
door relish. We sometimes hang 
hammocks in this porch. It is de- 
lightful to lie in a hammock here and 
perhaps read a book, but more likely 
lie and listen to the birds, the soft- 
paddle sounds of the passing canoes, 
or the " chug-chug" of the motor 
boats as they announce their coming, 
long before they appear in sight. 

We have a splendid large living 
room which bespeaks solid comfort 

Pineholm Cottage 

from every corner; reclining chairs,, 
rockers, cozy seat, a large center table 
with books on it, a book case with 
magazines, a sewing machine, a rare, 
and valuable Japanese cabinet, a 
Victrola and many bits of relics and 
bric-a-brac which Miss Eastman had 
gathered to make the room look like 
home. When evening comes and the 
dark creeps upon us so we must come 
indoors, it is like a family picture to- 
see the girls sitting clustered about 
the open fireplace (if it is cool enough 
for a fire; some reading, some em- 
broidering and others just relaxing 
in the reclining chairs. % 

Off from the living room is a good 
sized room which has a couch bed in 
it to use when needed. The sleeping 
rooms on second floor are all airy, 


The Granite Monthly 

comfortable and neatly furnished. 
Our bedding is well eared for. 

Our kitchen is well equipped. We 
have a range, fin-less cooker and two 
small oil stoves. We have a built-in 

Screened Porch 

iee chest and a movable one. Our 
china and tin closets are filled with 
dishes, tins and cooking utensils for 
our convenience. Each girl is ex- 
pected to take the best of care of all 
she uses, and to wash them and put 
away properly when done using them. 
The ice is provided by the club. 

We can telephone grocery, meat and 
provision orders to a store below us on 
the river bank and they will deliver 
daily. Many of the girls bring a 
quantity of food from home if they 
prefer, rather than to buy from the 
store. Adjoining our property is a 
farm where we can buy milk and some- 
times eggs and vegetables. We all 
enjoy the walk to the farmhouse to 
get our milk, just as the sun is going- 
down, and we follow the banks of the 
river, — or perhaps we paddle up in a 

In the warm summer evenings the 
girls enjoy canoeing or rowing. At 
present we have only one canoe, one 
skiff and one dory. The club is so 
large we need more to give more of the 
girls this pleasure. In berry time, 
we can go up through our pasture lot 
(as we call it) just beyond the grove 
and pick quantities of blueberries and 

Back of the house and close to it, is 
our woodshed, which is kept filled with 

wood for our fireplace and range. 
Our house is lighted with electricity 
and we have a telephone. We have 
rural free delivery of mail and the 
Sunday papers are brought to our 
lauding by motor boat, so we are not 
at a loss to know what goes on in the 
outside world. 

On one side of the house and run- 
ning a long way back of it , is a beauti- 
ful grove of tall, stately pines and 
other evergreens. At the top of the 
ridge are some younger pines and 
ash trees that Miss Eastman bought 
from the state and she herself set 
them out. ' 

We have a tent which we put out in 
the grove near the river bank, so if 
any of the girls wish, they may make 
up beds in it. We often find shady 
nooks to hang the hammocks in out 
in the grove. 

A ramble through this beautiful 
grove with its great strong pines 
keeping guard over the tangled vines 
and shrubs and beautiful wild flowers 
is a most fascinating pleasure. In 
June, the lady's slipper in dainty 
shade of pink peeps out from among 
her companions of green. Then July 
brings us the wild lily of the valley 
not as fragrant as her hothouse kin, 
but just as pretty, as she spreads 
modestly under the great pine trees. 

The Boat Landing 

When August comes, you will find our 
girls bringing in bunches of queer 
looking white flowers on white 
waxy-looking stems. These are 
called Indian pipes and can be kept 

A Pi 


in water or earth indoors a long: time. 
As September comes along, the beau- 
tiful ragged golden rod arid purple 
frost flower (sometimes called wild 
aster) begin to bloom, their rich colors 
adding to the beauty of .their back- 
ground. Yet these flowers make us 
feel that the season is getting late and 
October is hurrying September away 
all too fast. If our chili opened its 
summer home early in May I am sure 
we should find the fragrant trailing 
arbutus wandering through our woods. 
for we find many leaves of this plant. 
The bright red bunchberries with their 
pretty green leaves just cover like a 
carpet many parts of our grove. 
They are so pretty and the}- vie in 
brightness with the little red par- 
tridge-berry whose vine darts in and 
out of the pine needles. 

I could go on telling you of the 
many other beautiful wild flowers we 
find hidden in our grove, but I must 
not forget the many kinds of birds 
who live in the trees and sing their 

Mv favorite room is on the back of 

the house where as I retire at night, I 
can hear the different birds softly call- 
ing their good-night notes to their 
mates. Then in the early morning I 
love toTiear the bright cheery notes 
and songs as if to wake us all up. 
Then through the trees the glorious 
sunlight comes pouring in and the 
odor of the pines is so sweet. I am so 
glad to be awaking at Pineholm. 

For diversion we have boating, 
swimming and walks through the 
woods and country about. Or, if we 
wish quiet, Ave can find it with naught 
to intrude upon our idle thoughts. 
We can sit down on the landing and 
watch the river as it lazily flows along. 
We can be as idle or as active, as we 

Our matrons have carefully kept a 
register and this past summer the 
number of names reached fully six 
hundred. Every year it is growing 
in popularity and more girls in the 
club are realizing what a wonderful 
privilege it is, to have such a lovely 
place to come to for a week end or 


By E. P. 

We've wandered on together far, dear heart, 
Our lives untouched by railing discontent; 

Thy love — -not of thy life, a thing apart 
My whole existence — willing recompense. 

Now we are old, we soon must reach the goal 
Which beckons ever as the hand of Fate: 

The lessening years will claim one weary soul. 
While one devoted heart's left desolate! 

God, let the final summons come for me, 
While yet my earthly mate may with me stay 

To hold me in his sheltering arms, till free, 

And guide me toward the great unknown, I pray. 

There, with our souls still wedded. Fll await 

The glory of a reunited love: 
And when the vexing chains of life shall break 

My heaven then, a paradise will prove. 


Translated from Charles A. Koehler's M'aerehenstrauss aus dem 

Weissen Gebirge 

By Ellen 'McRoberls Mason* 

Between 'the bordering heights of 
the White Mountains, picturesquely 
arrayed along the' banks of a river, 
lies the village of Franconia. Turning 
from it toward the south, a splendid 
panorama lies before one. Heaven- 
high, granite cliffs around whose heads 
a mysterious veil of cloud is almost 
continually floating, bound the horizon, 
and slope in hills surrounded with rust- 
ling woods, to the valley. 

A well-kept carriage road leads, 
gradually ascending, to the base of 
one of the border mountains to which 
local speech has given the name 

If one does not mind the labor of 
the climb, he will be richly rewarded 
by the incomparable view which one 
enjoys from the summit. In the 
northeast stands the imposing Presi- 
dential Range, towering dim-outlined 
in blue haze in the distance; to the 
north, the mighty Starr King looms 
above his fellows; the Green Moan- 
tains bound the horizon on the west. 
But, all about, lie lovely landscapes 
in the valley, with a multitude of 
farmsteads, villages and towns, which, 
with their setting of green fields and 
luxuriant groves, form a delightful 
contrast to the glorious, deep blue of 
the heavens. Everything blends in 
a complete picture, full of harmony 
and compelling beauty that finds its 
culmination in an idyllic, narrow 
valley to the southward. This is 
formed by mighty mountains that 
with their wood-lined sides enclose. 

at th^tf base, a silver-fining lake as 
if it were a jewel. 

Should one stroll along by the 
mysterious Echo Lake, whose rock 
walls fling back musical tones in pure, 
celestial accord like spirit voices, he 
comes to the entrance of the lovely 
Franconia Notch. Here one's eyes 
are astounded by an extraordinary 
image. From a wood-embowered lake 
that seems almost uncannily black, 
rises almost perpendicularly a high 
mountain from whose granite top a 
giant head with distinct, clean-cut, 
human features looks out. Turned 
southward, the almost awful face seems 
to cast its solemn yet tender gaze over 
the wide landscape. 

Full many a traveler gazing won- 
derittgly at the scene has longed to 
fathom its affinity with the baffling 
Stone Face and none could ever 
furnish an explanation. But an old 
hunter who had lived many, many 
years in the forests of this region, 
rehearsed for me the following tradi- 

Long ago, the country was peopled 
with red men. The forests, which 
sheltered innumerable deer, the rivers 
and lakes that swarmed with finny 
tribes, the flowery meadows on which 
bustling bees gathered their sweet 
fare, supplied them with nourishment 
in abundance; and so lived these sim- 
ple children of nature (for they did 
not know of other and wider needs) 
happy and care-free and harmonious' 
here, and only seldom had their chiefs 

* The principle of homeopathy caused the present writer to translate into English, this gruesome imagining of the 
origin of the "Old Man of the Mountain;" Knowing of his threatened dest ruction, she re-read late at night, this 
little German tale, hoping for release from continually recurring memory -pictures of flames bursting from the roof 
of her home — destroying hoarded treasures, not alone of her personal collecting, but of several generations of her 
husband's family and her own family — destroying a valuable library and many valuable paintings, and withering 
the beautiful trees that embowered the place— one of the loveliest in lovely North Conway. 

The "Old Man' ' is rejuvenated, they say: one may ponder the possibility of a hew, modern house, new books, and 
stores of new "things" compensating for the destruction of the old possessions; may determine to assume the virtue 
of reconciledness— knowing there could be no reconcdedness so long as woman loves home and the household gods 
(goods) sheltered by its walis! 

The Store Face 


— wise, experienced men — occasion to 
settle disputes between them. 

One day, the chief who at the time 
of this history was their leader — a very 
old and venerable man with flowing, 
white locks — assembled his people 
around him, and he began and spoke: 

"Rich and happy is this our land; 
the Great Spirit has blessed it with 
woods and waters, with animals and 
wild fowl so that clothing and food 
never fail us; peace and unity have 
continuously reigned among us; proud 
and brave are our young men; beau- 
tiful of face, and nimble ,as hinds, 
are our daughters, bloomed to our 
J03 r . With honor am I grown old 
among you. Now is the hour come 
that I must depart from you; my 
body has become weary and feeble. 
and the Great Spirit calls me from 
hence, to the eternal hunting grounds. 
Farewell all! 

"But yet take a word of caution, 
an admonition and warning from the 
departing one who has turned the 
leaves of the book of the past, and 
has a glimpse into the future. 

"Be, and continue a united peo- 
ple. Be forbearing and forgiving 
among yourselves and never defile 
yourselves with crime or shameful 
deed. So long as you follow my pre- 
cept, will, as hitherto, happiness and 
peace smile upon you. But if you 
burden yourselves with wrong-doing, 
so will harm and ruin come upon you 
and your downfall is sure. Then will 
another kind of men force into these 
valleys and drive you from them and 
destroy your race. If this, however — 
a dreadful thought to me — should 
come to pass, I will give a sign to you. 
My likeness will show forth before 
you, there above, upon that cliff, and 
prove to you that I have spoken 
truth and that the time of your down- 
fall is come." 

After a last farewell, their revered 
chief disappeared from the midst of 
his encircling folk, and was seen no 

His colleagues took to heart the 
words of their wise chief and, mindful 

of the warning given them, lived 
many years upright in conduct and 
in peaceabiencss, cherishing in the 
serene content of their existence, the 
happy lot that had become their part. 

Now there were in the tribe, twin 
brothers; they were handsome and 
powerful in aspect, and mighty war- 
riors and huntsmen. Since earliest- 
infancy they had been united with 
ardent affection; one did for the other 
everything for love of him- — divining 
only from each other's eyes; neither 
was to be seen without the other, 
pain and pleasure they shared with 
one another, and so it was not strange 
that their comrades. believed them in- 
separable. ' . 

It came to pass that both the 
brothers were inflamed with violent 
love for the selfsame maid. But how 
could it be otherwise? Beautiful 
was the maiden as no other. Her 
slender, stately form delighted the 
eye, in all her movements a gracious 
charm expressed itself, her enchant- 
ing little face, framed in raven black 
locks, was a picture of loveliness itself, 
the dreamful, musing, glowing eyes 
heightened the winsome expression 
that played round her coral lips. No 
wonder that all the young men were 
to love inclined towards this bewitch- 
ing "creature. 

And so had it befallen both brothers. 
Both strove for her favor, each one 
sought to win her love and. as his wife, 
to take her home. The maiden, who 
felt friendship for both, could make 
no choice; she was not able to decide 
in favor of either of the two brothers, 
and as neither the one nor the other 
was willing to withdraw, so it soon 
came to violent strife between them. 
They who before had lived so unitedly 
with one another, no longer looked in 
each other's faces. Bage and hate 
blazed in their eyes when they met, 
lonesome and alone they now roamed 
through the forest, where in lamenta- 
tions and imprecations they gave vent 
" to their distress. 

But oue day the brothers met on a 
shaded grass-plot that la}" in the 




The Granite Monthly 

midst of the deep forest, directly be- 
low the rock which the chief on his 
departure had pointed out to them. 
This Little spot had been chosen by 
the maiden for her favorite retreat. 
Daily she passed some hours here in 
sweet solitude, absorbed in contem- 
plation of beneficent nature and in 
prayers to the Great Spirit. Even 
today she had come, and with anguish 
and fright became aware of the ap- 
proach of the hostile brothers. They 
glowered blackly into each other's 
face, as they suddenly stood opposite 
each other; the red of anger rose in 
their faces and baleful nre flashed 
from their eyes. A violent dispute 
began, each one seeking to force the 
other to relinquish his wooing of the 

In vain! Ever -hotter they raged 
against each other, and in a trice 
there was inflamed a frightful life and 
death struggle. With their battle 
axes the}' rushed upon each other, and 
with mighty blows each sought to 
destroy the other. Even at once, 
they had bloodily mangled each other 
and their arms were grown weary 
from swinging in amazing, lightning- 
like circles; and then one of them, 
spending the last of his strength, 
raised his axe, and with a prodigious 
blow cleaved the head of his antag- 
onist; uttering a fearful curse, the 
mortally wounded Indian breathed 
his last; but his adversary also — 
spent to death — fell ' lifeless to the 

On the moment there came as it 
were groans of rancor, and howling^ 
and moanings from the depths; in 
the air and in the woods, from the 
bowels of the mountain it roared, 
hollow and awful, like the roll of 
thunder — down sank the spot where 
the hideous fratricide had taken place, 
and a fathomless lake of black water 

broke forth, pouring its gloomy Hood 
over the place of the terrible deed. 

The maiden, who had looked upon 
the combat with terror and despair, 
sank lifeless to earth — the grief and 
the fright had killed her. A blood- 
red flower grew there, where the 
sweet creature had breathed out her 
life. From that originated the red 
blossoms that here in the woods spring 
in so great number from the mossy 

But from the top of the mountain 
at whose foot lay the place of horror, 
there grew out — to the awe of the 
valley-dwellers — the sorrowful, ear- 
nest Stone Face, as one sees it today. 
The race that hitherto had lived so 
happily in the peaceful valleys under- 
stood now. with terror, that their 
time was come and that the prediction 
of the old chief was to be fulfilled. 

They lost- their serene carefreeness; 
melancholy and discouragement en- 
tered their hearts. From that hour, 
peace fled from the wigwams; all the 
evil qualities of the tribe seemed to be 
roused, and quarrels, broils and con- 
flict prevailed like an evil dispensation 
among them. In continual feuds 
among themselves, they destroyed 
each other, and — as their wise chief 
foretold— soon another kind of men 
pressed in, and drove out or destroyed 
all that were left of the race. 

Only the purple-reel blossoms and 
the Stone Face are reminders that 
here once happy children of nature 
have lived; these arc reminders of 
the two inseparable brothers, of their 
hostility and terrible estrangement, 
of the lovely maid, and the combat 
that took place for sake of her; and 
"it is said," so concluded the hunter, 
''that when one day the Stone Face 
disappears, then every trace of the 
red men who inhabit this continent 
will have disappeared." 





•1 -;-. <. % -.w .f/- 


By J.M.Moses 

Who are the nobles of the earth, 

The true aristocrats, 
Who need not bow their heads to lords, 

Nor doff to kings their hats? 

Who are they. but the men o£ toil, 

Who cleave the foresr down. 
And plant amid the wilderness 

The hamlet and the town? 

The above lines were written before 
these days of forest conservation, with 
their schemes for turning improved 
land back to forest by throwing forest 
taxes on the farms,, and protecting 
wild animals to drive the farmers out. 
Forest clearing was the first condition 
of civilization. Agriculture must re- 
main its foundation if New Hampshire 
civilization is to be permanent. Even 
our cities would decline if left isolated 
in the wilderness, unsupported, as 
they would be, by mineral or other 
local resources. Under present food 
prices farming may be getting more 

The state evidently means the 
Northwood Turnpike to be eternal, 
now that it has adopted it as a boule- 
vard. Our beautiful hills and lakes 
we trust will continue to hold and 
attract a cultivated rural population, 
who will love their fields and pastures, 
and not be insensible to a sympathetic 
interest in the pioneers thiit made 
them, so far as they were made by 

First, names and locations. Our 
first married settler was Moses God- 
frey, who was employed to assist the 
Batchelders in starting the settlement. 
His first house was on Batchelder 
-land. His wife was a sister to Davis 
Batchelder, and cousin to John and 
Increase. His farm la}' between the 
factory and the east end of the Back 
Road, which was the first road. It 
was sixty rods wide, and extended 
about half a mile from the, road down 
into the valley of Great Brook. His 
house was probably in that valley, as 

a vote of March IS, 1783, directed the 
workers on the road to "go in and 
help Moses Godfrey plow down that 
hill that goes down to his house. 
He sold, about 1790, to Increase 

His neighbor on the west was Daniel 
Hoitt, who is said to have built the 
fourth house. He had the Smyth, 
now Dame place, with land extending 
a mile southwestward. He acquired 
land on the north, as in many other 
parts of the town. 

North of Godfrey, at or near the 
Ira B. Hoitt place, was William Wal- 
lace, as earlv as 1771. He removed 
to Pittsfield in 1799, selling to John 
Tenney of Rowley, Mass. His neigh- 
bors on the west were Green and 
Benjamin Morrill, who did not come 
till near 1790. Green was probably 
in the vicinity of Hoitt 's Hall. Ben- 
jamin and family are buried on the 
Demerit t Hotel lot. 

East of Godfrey, going down the 
main road to Nottingham line, the 
first settlers in order were John and 
Increase Batchelder, first settlers, 
west of the church, William Blake for 
about 1767^1780 on the corner east 
of the church, Abraham Batchelder 
by 1774 on the Edgerly farm, Davis 
Batchelder about 1770 next east, 
Benjamin Johnson, perhaps in 1768, 
on the Gate farm, then Jonathan 
Jenness and Nathaniel Garland about 
1780. Garland sold the lot of the 
Furber mansion to Joshua Furber in 
17S2. Davis Batchelder removed to 
Bow Street a little before 1790, sell- 
ing to his son Henry and to Benja- 
min Shaw, who came from North 
Hampton. William Blake came from 
Epsom, and removed to Barrington, 
selling to Increase Batchelder. Doc- 
tor Weir lived on that corner for many 
years, coming soon after 1790. 

The Pillsbury Road was laid out 
July 2, 1773, and was called the "road 


The Granite Monthly 

to Caswell's"; from Richard Caswell 
and sons, Elijah, Timothy, ( Joseph, 
Samuel, and probably Thomas, who 
settled for a time on the upper end of 
this road on both sides of Strafford 
line. Timothy and Joseph settled in 
Strafford; the former for life on the 
Boody farm, the latter on Blue Hill. 

At the time the road was laid out 
the eastern side of the Pilisbury farm 
was occupied by Israel Hodgdon, from 
Dover, the west side by Richard 
Garland, and the land to the north by 
the Caswells. Nathaniel Twombly 
owned on the east side of the road 
from William Blake's to Strafford, 
and probably lived about halfway up 
the hill. About this time he sold' 
the land opposite the Pilisbury farm 
to Stephen Rollins, from Candia. 
Hodgdon sold before December 17, 
1790, to the Caswells, who then sold 
fifty acres to Rev. Edmund Pilisbury. 
Richard Garland left in 1782, having 
sold thirty-one acres to Joshua Fur- 
ber, whose son Moses had them in 
1797. The rest of the Caswell farm 
w r as sold in 1793 to Reuben Morrill of 
Salisbury, Mass., who lived there till 
1821, then succeeded by Samuel 

Nathaniel Twombly died between 
1778 and 1782, leaving a widow, 
mentioned in 1785, and perhaps a son 
Andrew, who was taxed in 1783. 
Most of that farm was bought by 
Solomon Buzzell in 17S5. Stephen 
Rollins and wife Hannah sold in 1788 
to Joseph Cate, in whose family that 
farm remained till recently. 

The Mountain district was first 
settled in the region west of the Pond. 
Joshua Furber was there in 1767, 
having the lot south of the school- 
house, and a blacksmith shop at the 
Curtiss Giles place in 1774. Jona- 
than Knowlton was on the Daniel 
Mason place in 1768, and his brother 
Thomas on the Harrison Knowlton 
place a little later. Daniel Sawyer 
was probably on the Morrison farm 
by this time, as he had it given him 
March 9, 1767, by his grandfather, the 
original proprietor, Daniel Sawyer 

. of Newbury, Mass. He sold to 
Robert Morrison in 1781. John Dur- 
gin lived near the late residence of 
Martin W. Hoitt, having bought that 
lot in 1772. 

The leading man at the Mountain 
was Joseph Demeritt, Captain of the 
Parish in 1776, later Justice of the 
Peace. He had the Bennett farm, 
next Nottingham line, where his 
father had bought in 1767, and deeded 
to him in 1771. His son-in-law, 
Eliphalet Taylor, was probably with 
him in 1775, earlier and later of Lee, 
at East North wood in 1790, in old 
age at the Mountain, where he was 
probablv the "Old Mr. Tavlor, " that 
died March. 5. 1828. "Old Mrs. 
Taylor" died April 18, 1837. 

West of Demeritt settled John 
Chcsley; west of him his brother-in- 
law, Richard Hull, both coming be- 
tween 1785 and 1790. Joseph Shaw 
lived a little north of the schoolhouse 
in 1782 and onward. Jedediah Weeks 
settled north of him before 1794. 

Now a little genealogy, which, if 
not very thrilling, will be worth the 
paper, as it is probably not in print 
anywhere else. Moses Godfrey's 
wife was Mary Batchekler. Accord- 
ing to history he had only two children 
in his family in 1765. They are sup- 
posed to have been the James and 
Simon that petitioned from town in 
1785. James married, October 25, 
1781, Betty Caswell, and Simon, 
January 4, 1784. Hannah Caswell, 
all of Northwood. Simon married, 
February 23, 1780, Molly Evans of 
Barnstead. Moses and sons removed 
about 1790 to Vershire, Vt., where 
presumably their records may be 

William Wallace, leading towns- 
man, Revolutionary soldier, born 
about 1740, died in 1812, was son of 
William and Comfort (Cotton) Wal- 
lace, grandson of Samuel 3 (William, 2 
George 1 )? all of Rye. His wife in 
1771 and 1799 was Mary, said to have 
been a Brown. His children: 

Comfort married, December 19, 
1780, Joshua At wood. Molly married, 

Ear! if Scilkrs of Etui Northwood 


July 18, 1784, William Knowlton, son 
of Jonathan; she died September 9, 
182&, aged about 58. William, Jr.. 
married, February 9, 1794. Betsey 
Drew of Northwood; removed to 
Orange Count y, Yt., where he mar- 
ried a Comstoek. Sarah, married, 
January 28, 1790; Joseph Morrill of 
Chichester. Anna married, January 
5, 1792, as his second wife. Silas 
Burnham of West Nottingham, and 
went with him to Chelsea, Vt. A bigail 
married Josiah Sanborn of Hampton 
and Parsonsfield, Me. Betsey married 
Edmund Sanborn of Prospect. Me. 
John married, January 5, 1811, Phebe 
Rand; was of Barnstead in 1812, then 
the only son living in New Hampshire. 
See History of Sanbornton. There 
is said to have been a son Moses, who 
married Susan Lucas. 

Green Morrill died July 31, 1832. 
(N. H. Patriot.) His poll tax was 
discontinued in 1825. As deeds show 
that he came from Salisbury, Mass., 
I conclude he was the Green Morrill 
born there November 13, 1754, son of 
Archelaus; this, although his grave- 
stone says he died July 28, 1832, aged 
SI years and two months. Probably 
he knew his age better than the in- 
-scriber of his gravestone. He mar- 
ried December 9, 1779, Nancy Carr, 
who died, if her gravestone got it ric:ht 
October 4, 1840, aged 81 "years, '"11 
months and 6 days. They had sons, 
John and Benjamin, and probably 
an Archelaus, who was taxed here 

John Morrill married, March 23, 
1826. Polly York of Northwood. He 
died October 1. 1836, aged 53 years. 
Archelaus married, December 25, 
1822, Hannah Doe of Northwood. 
Benjamin married. January 12, 1812, 
Nancy Batchelder, daughter of 
Samuel of Northwood. Benjamin 
died April 21, 1879, aged 92 years, 
5 months and 22 da}-s. Nancy died 
November 4, 1864, aged 74 years and 
8 months. 

The graveyard back of the Demerit*; 
Hotel has gravestones inscribed: 

1834, aged 79 years, 7 and J months. 
Love D., his wife died June 28, 1847, 
aged 82 years and 8 months. Samuel 
D. Morrill died September 2, 1853, 
aged 77 years and 9 months. Poll}', his 
wife, died April 23, 1S68, aged 90 
years. Lydia, wife of Jacob Swain, and 
daughter of Samuel and Polly Morrill, 
died January 27, 1827, aged 29 years. 
Also graves of children of Levi and 
Almira Blaisdell. - 

Samuel Morrill had married Polly 
Johnson, both of Northwood, Julv 14, 

Almira Y. Morrill married Levi 
Blaisdell of Dunstable August 3, 1826. 

Reuben Morrill was born June 7, 
1767, son of Abraham and Sarah 
(Joy) Morrill of Salisbury, Mass. 
He married, October 24, 1792, Betty 
Carr. Children: Nancy, born Dec- 
ember 24, 1792: Abraham, November 
4, 1794; Burnham, July 17, 1796; 
Hannah, February 9, 1798; Reuben, 
Jr., November 19, 1800; Betsey, 
August 25, 1802; Jemima, August 
28, 1804. 

William Blake was, by tradition, 
the first white boy born in Epsom. 
He was born about 1741, son of John 
and Jemima (Locke) Blake. His 
wife in 1762 and in 1780 was Sarah, 
daughter of John and Sarah (Dear- 
born) Taylor of Hampton. They 
had children, the first three born in 
Epsom: John, born June 20, 1762; 
Jemima, March 14, 1764: Molly, 
Mav 27, 1766; Abigail, March 12, 
1768; Hannah, March 30, 1770; 
Elizabeth. May 12, 1772; Bathsheba, 
April 14, 1774: William, May 14, 
1777; Simon, September 12, 1779. 
This Abigail married, August 6, 1787, 
Timothy Foss of Strafford. 

Nathaniel Garland's wife was 
Susanna (Young), who died February 
7, 1861, aged 101 years, 3 months and 
19 days, according to her interesting 
gravestone, which adds that 

She t ravelled a hundred years the moral road 
Without her Savior and her God. 
Then one shore year of prayer and praise, 
And she was called to end her days. 

Benjamin Morrill died April 14, One wonders how long she would 


The Gtcmite Monihlit 

have lived if she had kept on in the 
even tenor of her moral way. 

Joshua Furber was son of Deacon 
[Moses and wife Hannah Furber, and 
grandson of William and Sarah (Nute) 
Furber of Newiiigton, this Sarah being 
daughter of James and Elizabeth 
(Heard) Nute. William was son of 
William 2 , William 1 . 

The Caswells of Northwood and 
Strafford descend from Robert and 
Mary Kerswell of Star Island, who 
had children born there: Sarah, 
July 29, 1711: Robert, May 15. 1713: 
William, July 13, 1716; Richard, 
December 28, 1721; Mary, Novem- 
ber 4, 1724. This Richard is believed 
to have been the same that had chil- 
dren, not named, baptized at Dover 
April 11, 1753, and was later of Straf- 
ford and Northwood. He married, 
July 12, 1795, a widow Meiabah 
Marshall, and removed with her to 
Barnstead. He was brought back 
here for burial. 

He had sons: Elijah, born Septem- 
ber 14, 1748, died in 1815; Timothy, 
born December 16, 1751, died Feb- 
ruary 1, 1827; Joseph, born Novem- 
ber 9, 1753, died February 9, 1846; 
Samuel, who lived in Barnstead, 
where he died April 26, 1866, having 
reached the age of 108 years, accord- 
ing to a mention of his death in the 
New York Herald. Another son was 
probably a Thomas taxed in North- 
wood, 1790-1814, who lived adjoining 
the others near Strafford line. 

Timothy Caswell married, March 
21, 1776, Rose Tuttle, born at Dover 
November 14. 1754; died March 17, 
1841. They lived in Strafford near 
Northwood... where no buildings arc- 
left now. only the graveyard. Then- 
children were: Esther, married July 
14, 1796, Daniel Hill of Harrington; 
Elizabeth, married a Chapman; Mary 
married Eleazar Watson of North- 
wood; Silas, unmarried; William, 
married Elizabeth Tasker and lived 
at Northwood Center on the Wiliard 
Caswell place: Sally, married a Cnv- 
erly; John, born September 15, 1790, 
married Lois Durgin; Nancy, married 

a Dame; Levi, married a Hall; Enoch 
B., married Joan Boody; Timothy. 

Elijah and Joseph Caswell married 
sister.-, daughters of Stephen and 
Phillis Evans of Dover. Elijah 's wife 
was Sarah, born March 16, 1755; died 
in Northwood December 22, 1848. 
Their children: Joseph, married 
February 9, 1805, Susanna Hull; 
Enoch, married an Emerson: Robert, 
married a Greeley; Hannah, married 
a Cate; Elijah, married a Prescott; 
Sarah, married, August 4, 1808, 
Reuben Swain, son of Phinehas; 
Jonathan, married a Caswell: Betsey, 
married a Buzzell; Deborah; Mary, 
married a Shannon. 

Joseph Caswell. Revolutionary 
soldier, married Lydia Evans, born 
in 1757: died July 14,. 1850. They 
settled on Blue Hill; lived later near 
Bow Lake. Then' had children: 
Thomas (1801-1875), Israel, Isaac 
(of Northwood; died in 1862), Samuel, 
Olive, Huldah, John, Stephen (1789- 
1862, of Northwood), Edmund, An- 
drew and Anne. 

Samuel Caswell of Barnstead had 
a large family, among them Enoch, 
who had a son Samuel; Nancy, mar- 
ried a Pierce; Lavinia, Sally. 

Of the sons of Joseph, Thomas 
married Sally Evans; lived on the 
south side of Blue Hill; had sons: 
David, Dearborn, Clinton, Joseph 
Orrin, Edmund 0., Charles C. Isaac 
married Lucy Witham, lived in North- 
wood; had children: William Anclrus, 
Asa, Lydia M. Stephen married Lydia 
Starbird; lived in Northwood; had 
children: Mary Jane, Azariah, David, 
Samuel, Adaline, Eliza. 

Of the sons of Timothy, William 
of Northwood Center had children: 
Hannah, Sidney, Nathaniel, Eliza- 
beth, Timothy," Wiliard and Alfred. 
Enoch had children: John, Jane, 
Alonzo, Melissa, Mary F., Enoch I. 
and Henry I., whose son, Arthur H. 
Caswell of Manchester is the historian 
of this numerous family. 

Joseph Gate's father, William, was 
son of William and Elizabeth (Sher- 
burne) Cate, and grandson of Deacon 

Early Stll 

of East North wood 


John and Joanna (Johnson) Cate, all 
of Greenland; facts recently discov- 

For the Dcmeritt, Taylor and 
Johnson families, and many others, 
see especially the Runnells Genealogy, 
also the new History of Durham, and 
those of Rvc, Hampton and Salisbury, 

Richard Hull was son of Richard 
and Patience Hull of Portsmouth, 
where he was baptized in St. John's 
Church September 21 , 1740. He was 
in the last French war, in Lee in 1 7 7 G , 
of Nottingham in 1786, of Xorthwood 
in 1790 and till his death August 28, 
1832, at the age of 92 (Patriot). His 
wife was Hannah, sister of his neigh- 
bor, John Chesley. She died Sep- 
tember 22, 1834, aged about 90. 

They had six children. . Sarah mar- 
ried Davis Batchelder, Jr., November 
28, 1787. William married. May 6, 
1790, Betsey Knowlton; lived fast on 
the southern part of bis father's farm; 
went to Gilnianton Iron Works. 
Lovey married, October 9, 1793, 
Lemuel Chesley of Lee, who died in 
Deerheld in 1855: she died in North- 
wood March 5, 1S68, over 100 years 
old. See History of Durham. 

Richard Hull, Jr., lived in Notting- 
ham, where he is said to have married 
three times. Samuel married, Jan- 
uary 27, 1S03, Sally Burn ham; lived 
in Northwood, where he died, June 
3, 185(3, aged SO. Susanna married 
Joseph Caswell. 

Great is genealogy; but it would be 
a pity if these founders of our civiliza- 
tion should come to be valued chiefly 
as links in genealogical chains. They 
challenge our admiration for their in- 
telligence and earnestness of charac- 
ter, which made them a religious and 
educational center for four towns. 

In 1772 they built their house of 
worship, nineteen years before the 
town built one. In 1773 they organ- 
ized the Baptist church, twenty-five 
years before any other. In 1774 they 
built their schoolhouse, eighteen 
years before the town built any. In 
1775 seven of the eight minutemen 

were from (his end of the town, as in 

1790, were five of the eight highest 
taxpayers, namely, Daniel Hoitt, 
Joseph Dcmeritt, Increase and John 
Batchelder and John Johnson, the 
other three being at the Ridge, Jona- 
than Clarke, Levi Mead and John 

The first schoolhouse stood on the 
rahgeway, east of the Ira B. Hoitt 
place. In 1792 or 1793 the location 
was changed to the present one, the 
town paying Abraham Batchelder a 
pound and a half for "the privilege 
to set the lower schoolhouse upon.''' 
A new building was probably erected 
at this time. 

The religious earnestness of the 
settlers at East Northwood was in 
contrast with the general sentiment 
of the town, which was orthodox in 
so far that nearly all preferred to 
support orthodox preaching if they 
must 'support any. Minister taxes 
were dropped during the Revolution, 
and it was hard getting them started 
after its close. Only eleven were 
excused from the town minister tax 
before the Revolution, namely, "Moses 
Godfrey, John, Increase and Abra- 
ham Batchelder, Jonathan and 
Thomas Knowlton, John Durgin, 
Daniel Sawyer, Eliphalet Taylor, 
Caleb Clough and Nathaniel Morrill; 
the last two living at Jenness Pond. 
These were our pioneer Baptists. In 
1800 eighty-six people were exempt 
from minister taxes, including every 
man at the Mountain and all but 
eight at East Northwood, while those 
who had minister taxes numbered 
only eighty-nine. 

Mr. Pillsbury must have been a 
very good and effective pastor; but 
his influence with his fellow towns- 
men seems to have waned after 1790. 
There has been preserved among the 
papers of the Israel Huckins family 
of Strafford, bearing date August 29, 

179 1, a list of the members of his 
church, one hundred and five in 
number, only thirty-six of them living 
in Northwood. Among these thirty- 
six we do not find any of the men 


Granite Monthly 

that bad started the church: though 
all of them that were living here signed 
the petition in 1797 for incorporating 
the Baptist Soeietv. (State Papers, 
13-99.) The petitioners were all 
Northwood men, forty-six in number, 
Mr. Pillsbury not among them. In- 
corporation was granted June 13. 179S. 
Mr. Pillsbury's pastorate is said to 
have ended that year. 

The records of the present church 
go back less than one hundred years, 
having nothing of Mr. Pillsbury's 
time. From this and other circum- 
stances I gather that the first church 
went to pieces in the doctrinal dis- 
sensions of tie early part of the last 
century. Free Will Baptist churches 
sprang up on all sides. There is tra- 
iler. Edmund Pills- Molly Knowles 
bury - Polly Knowles 

James Pillsburv Lydia Knowles 

William Wa ilace Willi a m H ull 

Benjamin Morrill Benjamin Keiley 

Lovey Morrill Jonathan Cauley 

Jeremiah Morrill Thomas Rollins 

Davis Batchelder Moses Johnson 

Davis Batchelder Jr. Charity Johnson 
Sarah Batchelder Sarah Alien 

Sarah BateheUler 

Sarah Batchelder William Welch 

Sarah Jenness Susanna Marsh 

Abigail Shaw Joanna Davis 

Joseph Cate Richard Garland 

David Knowlton Lydia Garland 

Ruth Knowlton Margaret Bnipey 

Drusilla Knowlton Lois Meservey 

John Knight Abigail Durgki 

Benjamin Stokes Jr. Hannah Rimnells 
Hannah Stokes Margaret Xorris 

Richard Hull Lois Brown 

Hannah Hull Sarah Twombly 

Joshua Drew Peggy Butler 

Lydia "Weeks Zaccheus Sawyer 

Simeon Knowles Israel Spencer 

Mary Knowles Gideon Mat lies 

dition of a Christian Baptist church, 
or meetings, at Jenness Pond. The 
conservative remnant at East North- 
wood effected a new organization un- 
der the name of the Calvin Baptist 

The list of members is of interest 
as probably the only record now to 
be found of our first church. As I 
have rearranged the names, the first 
thirty-six were probably Northwood 
people, the next twenty-five, begin- 
ning with William Welch, mostly of 
Nottingham, the last fourty-four, be- 
ginning with Israel Huckins, probably 
of Barrington, which then included 

Members of the Baptist Church of 
Northwood xlugust 29, 1794. 

Lois Mathes 
Elizabeth Libby 
Samuel Cook 
Anna Cook 
Lemuel Keniston 
Deborah Hunt 
Paul Wiggin 
Betty Brown 
Levi Bickford 

Israel Huckins 
Ruth Huckins 
James Huckins 
Betty Huckins 
Mary Huckins 
Mary Huckins 2nd 
Joshua FosS 
John Foss s 

Timothy Foss 
Mark Foss 
Mark Foss Jr. 
George Foss 
Richard Foss 
Anna Foss 
Lois Foss 
Abigail Foss ^ 
Elizabeth Foss 

Sarah Foss 
Sarah Foss 
Sarah Foss 
Elvah Tut tie 
Elyah Tuttle Jr. 
Lydia Tuttle 
Esther Tuttle 
Richard Critchett 
Molly Critchett 
John Garland 
Hannah Garland 
Marv Buzzell 
Phebe Buzzell 
George Seward Jr. 
Mary Seward 
Jeremiah Berry 
Sarah Caver no 
William McDanieh 
Ephraim Daniels 
Anna Daniels 
Aaron Haves Jr. 
William Tasker 
Hannah Tasker 
Comfort Tasker 
Benjamin Evans 
Betty Parshley 
Mehetabel Stiles 


By Alida M. True 

What if heavy clouds hang low, 
Honey chile', don' cry! 
Sun still shines behin' dat cloud, 
Peep out by and by. 
Too bright light am' good for sight — ■ 
Blinds us— honey chile'. 
- We'd better count our blessings till 
The sun shines after-while. -. 


B\i Lucu H. JlcatJc 

44 All the cattle in the neighborhood 
have come home. Grandma,'"' ex- 
claimed Tom Saltus. as he rushed into 
the house with a flushed face and 
threw himself down on the freshly 
sanded floor at her feet and laid his 
head against her knee. 

"So early as this,'' 5 replied Grand- 
ma. "What can be the trouble?'' 
and the garment she was mending 
slipped from her lap to the floor while 
her hands rested lovingly on Tom's 
head as though she would protect 
him from harm. 

"Mr. Ambrose thinks they must 
have fled from the Indians for they 
acted scared and wanted to go right ' 
into the barns. Everybody is fright- ' 
ened and they arc all talking about 
what to do. Mrs. Ambrose thinks 
we had all better stay in the garrison 
house tonight and she wants to know 
what you think about it." 

"Surely if there is any danger of an 
attack from the Indians we had better 
stay in the garrison," replied Grand- 
ma. "I have been through one 
Indian massacre,- and I never want to 
see another," and Grandma shivered 
as she looked out across the garden at 
the rough headstones which marked 
the resting place of her only son and 
his wife. 

When was that Grandma 


Tom springing excitedly to his feet. 

"It was when you were a baby, 
Tom, and I ran with you and hid, 
but I broke my hip and have always 
been lame, and the awful fright turned 
my hair white." 

"0," said Torn,, "is that what 
makes you lame? Why did you not 
tell me about it before? 7 ' 

"Good afternoon, Mrs. Saltus," 
interrupted a pleasant voice. " What 
do you think about the cattle's com- 
ing home so earl}*? " 

4 'How you startled me, Mrs. Am- 
brose," replied Grandma, "I did not 

see or hear you coming. I think the 
cattle must have seen something to 
frighten them, from what Tom says." 

"They wouldn't have been in such 
a hurry to go into the barns this nice 
summer da}', " replied Mrs. Am- 
brose, "if they hadn't, I am sure." 

"But John thinks we needn't be 
frightened. He says the}' may have 
seen Indians, for parts of tribes often 
wander through the woods for plun- 
der. They are afraid of firearms, 
and he says they probably know that 
we have a military company at the 

"One never knows what they will 
do," replied Grandma. "They have 
attacked a great man}' settlements 
this year." 

"'I know they have," responded 
Mrs. Ambrose. "What could we do 
if they should attack us?" 

"I don't know," replied Grandma. 
"It is dreadful to imagine. Hark! 
Isn't that thunder?" 

"Yes," exclaimed Tom. "There is 
going to be a shower. The clouds are 
awful black in the west." 

"Perhaps that, was what sent the 
cattle home," said Mrs. Ambrose. 
"John thinks they know when it is 
going to shower. I must go before 
it rains," and the pretty little woman 
hurried down the road towards her 
home, which John Ambrose had built 
and furnished with great care, and 
only one year ago had brought her 
there a bride. 

The shower burst and it continued 
to rain until after dark. Therefore 
the people living on the outskirts of 
that small Xew England town gave 
up all thought of going to the garrison: 
but it was later than usual when they 
sought repose in their homes for 
another night. 

Grandma Saltus sat by an open 
window, watching and listening for 
any unusual sight or sound until the 


The Granite Monthly 

silence became so oppressive that it 
was almost unendurable. Shortly 
before daybreak, the murmur of the 
river, and the hum of pine needles 
became drowsy music and she slept; 
but in a short time was awakened by 
the war who op. 

The^ men rushed out and fought 
desperately for their homes and 
families; while the women and chil- 
dren sought refuge in the garrison 
house. There were mothers, with 
babies in their arms, and children 
clinging to their skirts; groups of 
boys and girls, their eyes wide with 
fear, and their bare feet keeping no 
manner of time as they quickened 
their pace to a run. 

When the warwhoop sounded, Tom 
Saltus was on his feet in an instant: 
but bewildered by the glare of light. 
he hardly knew at first whether he was 
awake or dreaming. He soon realized 
the awful truth, however, and hastily 
dressing went to his grandmother's 

She met him at the door. Her face 
was grave and serious, and had the 
look of a warrior saint as she said in a 
firm voice, "Tom, can't you run 
down to the village and ask Captain 
Spinney to come and help us?" 

"Yes," replied Tom, "but you 
must not stay here, Grandma, and 
you are too lame to go to the garrison. 
I'll help you over to the cornfield and 
you can hide there." 

"I'll be safer here than I will in the 
corn," replied Grandma. 

"I'm afraid the}' will burn the 
house and then what could you do?" 
In Tom's voice there was a strange 
mixture of tears and love, and his 
deep set gray eyes were black with 
strong emotion, as he looked up into 
the face of the dearest object in his 
world. Her eyes' caught the look and 
shone back with a tender light, and 
without another word she rested one 
hand on his shoulder, while with the 
other she grasped her cane and to- 
gether they went out and hurried 
across to the cornfield. 

When the tall stalks of corn screened 

them from view, site sank upon the 
ground saying, "Now run for help 
and 111 creep as far away from this 
fiendish noise as I can." 

Tom looked at her with pitying 
eyes and for a moment hesitated. 

"Go!" she cried with a wave of her 
hand, and he obeyed, looking over his 
shoulder to say: "I'll come back as 
soon as I can," 

The corn grew rank and tall and 
covered his flight. On he sped, faster 
and faster; the yells of the Indians 
and the light of burning buildings 
spurred him on, nor did he slacken 
his pace until he reached Captain 
Spinney's dwelling a mile away. 

Captain Spinney, being an early 
riser, was standing at the door of his 
mill when he saw a boy with a white, 
scared face running towards him. 

''The Indians! the Indians!" cried 
Tom as soon as he was near enough 
to be heard. " They are killing them, 
and burning the buildings." 

"The red devils!" exclaimed Cap- 
tain Spinney. "We saw about fifty 
of them going up the river in their 
canoes day before yesterday, but had 
no idea that they meant mischief. 
We'll soon rout them; a taste of 
powder will teach them a lesson." 

Captain Spinney was six feet and a 
half in height, with broad, square 
shoulders, a man of might, and a 
giant in strength and in a short time 
he was marching his soldiers towards 
the scene of action. 

Tom remembered his promise to 
Grandma and as soon as he had given 
the alarm, started for home. But 
just as he reached the cornfield and 
felt that he was out of sight, therefore 
safe from the Indians, he heard a low 
growl, the protest of a savage, and 
was seized by a hideously painted and 
feathered warrior, tomahawk in hand, 
and marched off into the woods, 
With another savage growl the big 
brave stood him up against a tree; 
then he said something in quick, ex- 
cited tones to the Indians who were 
keeping guard over several other 
prisoners, and started in the direction 

Tom's Adventure 


of the settlement. A little later he 
returned followed by others; noise- 
lessly they crime, one by one, and some 
of them had bloody scalps hanging 
from their belts. Tom espied one 
with long white hair like his grand- 
mother's. A deadly fear clutched 
his heart. Could they have found 

The warriors talked together for a 
few minutes, then marched the cap- 
tives off through the woods, with the 
long, gliding lope of the forest bred. 
Tom had to run to keep up with them. 
He ventured once to look back. His 
captor was close behind him; and his 
fierce, fell eyes, like those of a beast 
of prey, were fastened on Tom, which 
made him feel as though he were 

When they had travelled about 
four miles they stopped on the brow 
of a hill to eat their breakfast. Tom 
was glad of an opportunity to rest, 
and he wondered where Captain 
Spinney was, and if his grandmother 
was still alive. He felt almost sure 
that the white hair was hers. He 
could not keep his eyes away from it. 
Once when the warrior passed near 
him, he smoothed it with his hand 
and it was fine and silky like hers. 
Tom was seated where he could look 
across the stretch of field and forest, 
which they had just traversed, and. he 
wondered if he could slip away un- 
noticed and find his w 7 ay home; but 
every time he moved, the wary eyes 
of his captor were upon him. Pres- 
ently he thought he saw something 
moving among the trees. Gould it be 
possible that Captain Spinney was 
coming? Yes, he was sure it was the 
soldiers for he could see their guns. 
Nearer and nearer they came. Tom 
almost held his breach for he was 
afraid the savages would see them. 
But they had placed their captives in 
a po-iiion to receive the first effects of 
a discharge of guns should they be 
attacked by the soldiers; therefore 
they did not think it necessary to 
watch. But Captain Spinney did 
the unexpected. With Iris soldiers 

he rushed upon them, seized the cap- 
tives and retook the plunder; but the 
.savages escaped. They hid them- 
selves in the swamp until night and 
then went away in their canoes. 

"Tom, what makes you look so 
solemn? " said Captain Spinney. "I 
should think you were going into cap- 
tivity instead of going home." 

"Have I got a home now, captain? 
Did you see my grandmother?'' 

The captain looked down at the 
white face of the boy with pitying 
eyes and replied, "No, Tom, I did 
not see her. I did not stop to see 
anyone; but followed as best I could 
the way I thought the Indians had 
taken, for there was not a red man in 
sight when we reached the plains. 
Evidently they knew 7 you had given 
the alarm. But I saw 7 their hellish 
work, and I wanted to give them a 
taste of powder. But they outwitted 
me by placing the prisoners in the 
front ranks." 

It was an awful scene which met 
Tom's eyes when he reached the set- 
tlement. His home was smoulderiDg 
in ashes. Nearly half of the houses 
w r ere burned to the ground and the 
dead and dying were being cared for 
in the garrison house. 

Tom glanced around. His grand- 
mother was not there, but Mrs. 
Ambrose was. Quickly he sought 
her and asked, "Have you seen 
Grandma, Mrs. Ambrose?'"' 

"No, Tom, I have not seen her," 
replied Mrs. Ambrose. "I thought 
both of you must have been burned 
in the house. Were you one of the 
captives? and — " 

Tom waited to hear no more, but 
started on the run for the cornfield. 
It was barely possible that she was 
there. He had no trouble in finding 
the place where he had ' left her and 
saw where she had crawded along to 
get farther away from the fiendish 
noise, as she called it. He followed 
the trail and on the farther side of the 
cornfield he found her, sitting with 
her head in her hands. She was 
praying and Tom heard her say be- 

46 The Granite Monthly 

tween her sobs, "Q Father spare my Grandma." Theivhe burst into tears 
boy. He is all I have, " and throwing and they wept for joy in, each others' 
his arms around her said, ''Here I am, arms. 


By Stewart Everett Rowe: 

On Learning's lofty height 
We stand within our might 

Firm and secure. 
Upon that topmost, ground 
We proudly gaze around 
While countless gifts abound 

For us so pure. 

So pure for us and sweet, 
For there beneath our feet, 

The world it lies. 
We scan the books and then 
We glimpse the darkest glen. 
The Whither, Whence and When 

Xo more defies. 

We may be poor in pence, 
But rich in Learning's sense, 

The climb is free for all 
. - . If we will heed the call, 

And will not mind the wall 

That seems to soar. 

Because it only " seems," 
For yonder are the dreams 

All sure to be; 
If we will cease to mope, 
If we will cease to grope, 
If we will climb a T xd hope-, 

Yes, you and me. 

So let us hope and fight 
To stand upon the height 

Of Learning grand. 
For books, — they rule and reign,- 
In gladness and in pain, 
In losses and in gain, 

They guide the land. 

*(Tbis poem was sung to the tunc of "Ameriea" at r the hinder Library Banquet — having 
been written for that occasion — held in Otis Hall, West Barnstable, Mass., February 2S, 1913.) 


A. New England Legend 
By Frank A. Aiken 

As you probably all know, Dart- 
mouth College started as a medical 
school and for a number of years the 
study of medicine and kindred sub- 
jects made up the principal part of its 
courses. The members of the first 
class to be organized in order to gain 
practical knowledge which would fit 
them for practicing physicians were 
much in need of a human skeleton. 
In those days there were only a few 
crude pictures and diagrams in their 
books, and to learn their profession 
a genuine skeleton was almost _a 
necessity. This story does not tell 
how these struggling students solved 
this gruesome problem but if any one 
wants to know I presume it may be on 
record how they obtained their first 
skeleton. I have heard that they at 
last got one by fair and honorable 
means, but let us leave' this class of 
college students as they are racking 
their brains over the subject, and take 
our next scene some fifteen miles 
from Hanover and across the line into 

It is the fall of the year and there 
is to be a party at Eben Johnson 's the 
following Friday night. Hiram Bus- 
sell has asked Priscilla Pierce to ac- 
company him to the party, and she 
would have accepted but Hiram, 
although honest and industrious, is 
not one of whom much is expected. 
His father is a common ■"laborer who 
works for the neighboring farmers. 
Hiram is one of a large family, and, 
with what little he can earn, he helps 
in the support of his brothers and 
sisters. Hiram has great hopes, how- 
ever, that Priscilla will favor him 
although she is the daughter of one 
of the more influential farmers. Hi- 
ram has been counting on this party 
very much, and looks very downcast 
when she tells him she cannot accom- 

pany him. She notices his sad look, 
and, as a hint to show him how he- 
might be more acceptable, she guard- 
edly compares him to Jim Wineum. 
Jim has better clothes, better man- 
ners, and best of all he has a horse 
and buggy. She expects to go to the 
party with Jim. .Hiram grabs at the 
last straw. If he could get a nice 
horse and buggy would she not let 
him take her home from the party? 
There were no livery stables within 
practical distances 'and all the teams 
in the countryside would be used by 
their owners that night in getting 
their families to and from the party; 
besides, Jim Wineum had almost the 
only nice rig in the community. Jim's 
popularity depended upon it, as he 
had no real sterling qualities, but 
Priscilla expected to go to the party 
with Jim. She promised Hiram, 
however, that if he could only get a 
horse and buggy he might take her 
home after the party. He knew it 
would be impossible, but there was 
no tise saying so until he had tried. 
He planned and searched but there 
was no chance for him to have a horse 
and buggy for Friday night, so he- 
goes to the party alone and discour- 
aged. He is late and from the shelter 
of the hallway looks into the rooms 
filled with jolly people. Priscilla and 
Jim seem to be one of the popular 
couples. He clenches his fists and 
shuts his mouth tightly. He is so 
jealous he cannot stay. When he is 
outside he begins to walk slowly up 
the road. It is quite chilly. • The 
moon is covered by fleeting clouds 
yet there is still enough light to dis- 
tinguish objects at some distance, 
only, when, at intervals, denser clouds- 
nearly obscure the moonlight. Hiram 
has nearly reached the top of the low 
hill, where, on one side of the road, is 


The Granite Monthly 

the cemetery. He changes his 
thoughts from Prise ilia and Jim to 
one Jonathan Brown who has died 
a few days before and. who is buried 
in this graveyard which he is now 
approaching. Jonathan Brown was 
a middle aged man of fine stature, a 
very good friend of Hiram's; in fact, 
Hiram had had a confidential talk 
with him only shortly before Mr. 
Brown's death. They talked of 
Priscilla, and Mr. Brown, who had 
never married, confided to Hiram the 
reason. It was Priscilla 's mother 
who would not notice him, but had 
chosen the dashing young fellow 
named Pierce. 

Hiram, coming nearer the grave- 
yard looks up, and as the moon shines 
out for an instant he notices the hem- 
lock tree, beside the road in front of 
the graveyard. Its long thick 
branches, shutting out the moonlight 
from 'beneath it. makes it a very 
ghostly sight. Looking closer it 
startles him to see that a team is tied 
under the tree and at the same time 
he hears the quick grating of shovels. 
A stream of light from the moon also 
shows him a dark object leaned 
against the wall. He thinks quickly 
and advances noiselessly. He hesi- 
tates and is nervous but an instant 
thought of Priscilla gives him courage 
and he advances. The dark object 
is a corpse. Carefully lie lifts it and 
lets it down on the other side of the 
wall. He then places himself in the 
same position it had been. Presently, 
two men go to the small hearse-house 
in the corner of the yard and return 
the long-handled shovels to their place 
beneath it and then come toward the 
hemlock tree. The one who first starts 
to lift the supposed corpse jumps back 
with horror gasping, 

"He's warm!" 

''I'll warm you,' 7 it threatens, and' 
lo! the two -men run for their lives. 

Hiram collapses for an instant but- 
when he gets back, his strength he 
unties the horse and, getting into the 
nice buggy, drives back to Johnson's 
where the party is almost ready to 
break up. He quickly gets to Pris- 
cilla 's side and in a low voice announces 
that he has a nice rig waiting for 
her. She is incredulous but she keeps 
her promise and they are soon started 
toward her home. She is anxious to 
learn how he secured such a nice 
outfit. He refuses to tell but prom- 
ises to explain all about it if she 
will let him call on her some night 
the following week. As he leaves her 
she gives her consent for him to call. 
This gladdens poor Hiram's heart, 
otherwise his work for the rest of the 
night would have been unbearable. 

He first drives to the graveyard 
and, getting a shovel from beneath 
the hearse-house, reopens the fresh 
grave and buries with care and rev- 
erence the remains of his friend, 
Jonathan Brown. I think we will 
pardon him if he did not dig deep 
enough to return the corpse to the 

He suspects where the team belongs 
arid by driving until nearly daylight 
he reaches the village where the team 
might have come from. He ties it in 
front of a house and carefully blankets 
the horse then starts on foot for his 

He has had quite exciting times for 
a country boy, ,ancl takes quite a lot 
of rest in the next day or two. On 
Tuesday night he gets up courage to 
call on Priscilla. She welcomes him 
graciously, for, Jonathan Brown, by 
his will, has left his farm to' Hiram. 



By Edward J. Parskley 

One of the problems that must be 
solved by those who are working for 
the regeneration of the stage in 
America is that of properly meeting 
the demands of lovers of the. drama 
in the smaller cities out on the road. 
Admittedly, I am writing from the 
viewpoint of one who has to get most 
of his theatrical entertainment from 
the provincial stage, but as the great- 
majority of the playgoers of the 
United States are in the same predic- 
ament it can hardly be said that I am 
taking a narrow view. Rather will 
this charge lie against those whose 
sole concern is for the metropolitan 

Whatever hopeful signs of the 
times may be descried by the observer 
in the big city, few of them have yet 
.appeared above the horizon in the 
rural districts. Tfme was when we 
dwellers in the small cities saw with 
reasonable frequency a great deal of 
the best that the American stage had 
to offer. Without leaving the con- 
fines of the little municipality where 
I have my home. I have enjoyed 
performances by such celebrities as 
Edith Wynne Matthison, Viola Allen, 
John Drew, Robert Mantell, James 
A. Heme, William H. Crane, John 
Mason, Ethel Barrymore. William 
Collier. Robert Edeson, Henrietta 
Crosman, Wilton Lackaye, Lawrence 
D'Orsay,' E. M. Holland, Guy Bate? 
Post, Arnold Daly and others to the 
number of a score or two. More than 
this, in the good old days, it was the 
custom to send out excellent "second 
companies/' giving the people living 
far from the big centers of population 
a chance to see the better plays before 
they had become identified with an- 
cient history. Then, the small city 
theater was an institution of some 
importance and the theatrical season, 
in a modest way, meant just as much 

to the one night stands as it did to 
New York, Boston, Chicago or Phila- 

In those days, a theater in a small 
city was a paying investment. It 
gave its owner a good income and 
helped materially to swell the profits 
of player and producer. That in 
more recent years, it has been- an 
elephant on its owner's hands and a 
"dead one" from the producer's 
standpoint is wholly due to the latter 
gentleman's penny wise, and . pound 
foolish policy. Just what happened, 
I am in no position to know with 
certainty but the unavoidable in- 
ference is that some one acquired 
control of the booking offices who had • 
the idea that that part of the country 
beyond the limits of greater Xew 
York was peopled hv a strange, un- 
cultured race known as "Rubes" and 
that anything would go on the road. 
The good actors either stopped com- 
ing or came so seldom that we had to 
be faithful readers of the dramatic 
departments of the magazines to re- 
member their names. There were 
"shows," of course, but ninety-five 
per cent, of them were so bad that 
it was almost an insult to your friend's 
intelligence to ask him to go to the 
theater with you. Even those pro- 
ducers whose names we had been 
accustomed to accept as a guarantee 
of quality seemed to go crazy and a 
good many of the companies they tried 
to foist upon the road would pretty 
nearly stand as models for what a 
theatrical troupe should not be. 

As a natural consequence, business 
"on the road" went all to the bad. 
People refused to go to the theater 
as a matter of principle. Once 
"stung," they were three times shy 
and the lack of confidence in advance 
promises became so complete that 
it was hard to convince them, when a 


The Granite Monthly 

well known star was advertised to 
appear, that he would appear in actual 

In all this may be found the reason 
for much of the popularity of the 
moving picture. The picture show 
might or might not- be good, but if it 
wasn't its patron had lost little money 
in finding it out and if it was he had 
been given something for very little 
more than nothing. The picture 
house might have drawn crowds in 
an}' event but it would not have put 
the "legitimate " theater practically 
out of business if the latter had been 
given a square show. 

The plain fact seems to be that 
the theatrical business fell into the 
hands of men who believed that people 
on the provincial circuits could be 
fooled into paying a dollar arid a half 
for a fifty cent show and it took them 
a long time to learn that the bunco 
steerer finds his victims only on 
Broadway. When those responsible 
for tins policy discovered their mis- 
take or gave place to persons with 
more knowledge of the situation 
there was about as much life in the 
theatrical game as in the mummy of 
Rameses II, so far as the road was 

It is evident that if there is to be 
a real American dramatic literature 

interpreted by capable American 
players it must have the support of 
the Whole country. Xew York and 
the eight or t<2n other cities of tire 
first class cannot or will not maintain 
such an institution unaided. Natu- 
rally, the producing houses will have 
their offices in the big cities but they 
must be in control of men who know 
something about the rest of the 
country, men whose vision extends 
beyond the Tenderloin. 

There is no dodging the fact that 
it will be a hard task to restore its 
old time prestige to the small city 
theater, but the task is not impossible 
of accomplishment. If the towns 
on the road are given good plays with 
good companies they will patronize 
them— only they must be convinced 
that they will get what they pay for. 
Every good show helps the next one; 
but a bad show, every time, ruins 
the business of the good one that fol- 
lows it. There may be a public in 
the big town for the play with little 
or no merit, but there is no such 
public in the towns listed among the 
one night stands. If the men who 
send out the shows will get this idea 
into their heads, their attractions 
on tour will return much larger divi- 
dends and the theatrical business 
generally will know fewer panic years. 


By Anabel C. Andrews 

Think you the man is happiest who labors not? 

Which prize you most, the good you earned, or found? 

I tell you, friends, the man who earned his plot 

Of ground, and little home, doth more .abound 

In truest dignity, and honest worth 

Than he whose home is his by any right of birth. 

The smallest, humblest work that any man can do — 

If done as in the sight of God and man — 

Will evil thoughts, and passions dark subdue; 

And lift him nearer heaven. In God's plan 

He made no place for sloth, or indolence; 

And he who labors, lives his life in truest sense. 

Rock Rim man in Winter 51 


By Carl Burell 

Like an Ancient Matron, — 
Our Saint and Patron, 

With a white mantilla over her head, 
Gracefully crowning 
Her crags so frowning, 

Brooding over her nameless dead. 

Over the city 

Her wordless ditty, 

Midnight or noontide — sunshine or drear, 
For ever silent 
Yet never silent 

Reaches the poet's and prophet's ear. 

For ever calling 
In terms appalling, 

Warning or comfort, as the case may be; 
"Lo, the Great Manitou 
Calls in Love unto you — 

Come back, my children, come back to me," 

"From sin you borrow 
But grief and sorrow, 

Stop while you may and then sin no more; 
Like winter's winds sighing 
Nature's God is e'er crying 

Come back to me children, come back I implore." 

"In sin e'er begotten 
You all have forgotten 

The God of your fathers and His holy ways. 
E'er standing before you, 
In Love's name I implore you 

Come back, come back to the Ancient of Davs!" 


By Frances M. Prey 

Come now, chile, git down from off thar, 
Yo' ain't hungry. Guess I know. 

Yas ; I'se watchin'. No tricks now, boy. 
Not one mouthful. Come now, go! 

Coas dey smell good. Doan dey always? 

Yo' might jus' as well git down. 
I cayn't 'ford ter feed yo' spice cake. 

Dinner time '1 soon come roun'. 

Yo' sho got de mos' insistence. 

Wal now, tak it an' git out. 
Of all hungry boys I know 'bout, 

Yo' wors' one, ain't no doubt. 

The Granite Monthly 


By Mary Alice Diryre 

Some day I'll launch my snow-white barge, 
And go across that unknown sea, 

Across the waves of crystal white, 
And to the land that is to be. 

I'll leave behind the friends I know, 

And all that my heart holds most dear: 

But 'tis the journey that all must take, 
So why be there room for fear? 

And whether I pa?s at the height of day, 

At morning or set of sun. 
It's the same alway, and I'll get my reward 

For the good that I have done. 



Ex-U. S. Senator Henry Eben Burnham, 
Manchester's most distinguished citizen, died 
at his home on North Elm Street in that city, 
February 18, 1917. 

Senator Burnham was a native of Dun- 
barton, son of Henry L. and Mariee A. Burn- . 
ham, born November 8, 1844. He graduated 
from Dartmouth in the class of 1S65. studied 
law, was admitted to the bar in April, 1868, 
and immediately commented practice in 
Manchester, where he continued, with suc- 
cess. An active Republican, he served as 
county treasurer, representative, ballot law 
commissioner, delegate in the Constitutional 
Convention of 1889, judge of probate for 
Hillsborough County, and was elected United 
States Senator, to succeed William E. Chand- 
ler, by thr> legislature of 1901, was reelected in 
1907, completing a service of twelve years in 
1913, only exceeded in the history of the 
state by John P. Hale, William E. Chandler 
and Jacob H. Gallingcr. 

He was prominent in Masonry and Odd 
Fellowship, had been commander of the 
Amoskeag Veterans, a member of the Man- 
chester School Board, president of the Me- 
chanics Savings Bank, director of the Second- 
National Bank and of the New Hampshire 
Fire Insurance Company. 

Senator Burnham married, October 22, 
1874, Elizabeth IE Patterson of Manchester, 
who survives, with three married daughters. 
An extended sketch of the deceased ap- 
peared as the leading article in the Granite 
Monthly for December, 1913. 


^ Edward T. Eairehild, president oi the 
New Hampshire College of Agriculture and 
the Mechanic Arts, at Durham, a native of 
Doylestown, Ohio, and educated at Ohio 

Wesleyan and Wooster Eniversities in that 
state, died at his home in Durham, after a 
long illness. January 23, aged sixty-three 

President Fairchild had been an educator 
all his life. He taught some years in Ohio, 
but removed to Kansas in 1SS5, where he was 
superintendent of schools in Ellsworth, state 
superintendent of public instruction, and re- 
gent of the Kansas Agricultural College. In 
1912. just before his selection as president of 
the college at Durham, he was chosen presi- 
dent of the National Educational Association, 

While connected with the College he ren- 
dered most valuable and devoted service, as 
evidenced by the remarkable growth of the in- 
stitution, the attendance having doubled in 
the four years' time, and the standing of the 
college gained in full proportion. In his 
death the cause of education in New Hamp- 
shire suffers a loss not easily repaired. 

He leaves a wife, two sons and two daugh- 

Daniel Clark Remich, born in Hardwick, 
Vt., January 15, 1852, son of Samuel R. and 
Sophia (Cushman) Remick, died at Littleton, 
January 28, 1917. 

General Remich, whose military title came 
from service as Judge Advocate General, on 
the staff of Gov. John McLane, graduated 
from the Law Department of the University 
of Michigan in 1878, and located in practice 
that year in Colebrook. as a member of the 
firm of Dudley & Remich. Pour years later 
he removed to Littleton, where he was as- 
sociated with the late" Hon. George A. Brig- 
ham and his brother-in-law, Edgar Aldricb., 
now U. S. District Judge, in the firm of 
Brigham, Aldrich & Remich. Upon the 
retirement of the senior partner, the firm of 

X( w II a m psh in* Necrology 

Udrich <i- Remich continued until 18S9, 
when Mr. Aldrirh became Judge of the IT. S. 
District Court. He was then for a short 
time associated with his brother. James \V. 
Remickj later of the X. H. Suprenie Court, 
but soon retired from practice to pursue other 

General Remich was a Republican in 
politics, but became an ardent Progressive, 
and in 1912 supported the candidacy of 
Woodrow 'Wilson for President. He was 
also, for many years, a zealous Prohibitionist, 
as well as an advocate of woman suffrage. 
He had served in both branches of the legisla- 
ture, and took a deep interest in public affairs, 
local and state. 

He first married Belle Loverin of Cole- 
brook, in 1879. She died in 1/895, and in the 
following year he married Mrs. Elizabeth K. 
Jackson, daughter of Benjamin W. Kilburn and 
widow of William Jackson/ Jr., whose death 
preceded his by a little more than a year. 

lien. Cyrus Adams Sulloway, better known 
as the ''Tall Pine of the Merrimack,'" on 
account of his gigantic physical stature, died 
in Washington; D. C. March 10, 1917,' from 

Mr. Sulloway was born in Grafton. X. H., 
June S, 1839, was educated in the public 
schools and Xew London Academy, studied 
law with Pike & Barnard at Franklin, was 
admitted to the bar in 1S63, located in prac- 
tice in Manchester the next year and there 
continued. He was more of an advocate than 
lawyer, was endowed with remarkable power 
of invective, and as a Republican campaign 
speaker was in great demand, though he 
broke away from that party for a time, joined 
the Greenbaekers. and later supported Grover 
Cleveland for the presidency, against James 
G. Blaine. He returned to the party fold in 
season to have been eleven times elected to 
Congress before his death, missing only the 
1912 election since 180-1, and having pre- 
viously served four terms in the state legis- 

Mr. Sulloway had been twice married, the 
last time to a Salvation Army "lassie" with 
whom he lived but a short time. He leaves 
one daughter, by his first wife, Miss IT. Belle 
Sulloway of Manchester. 

Horace N. Colbath, a leading citizen and 
prominent Democrat of Barns lead, died 
January 25. on the farm where he was born, 
October 13, 1834, 

He was the son of George and Ann (Xutter) 
Colbath, and followed the pursuit of agri- 
culture all his life, but also did a large amount 
of probate business. He was a ready writer, 
a forcible speaker, and held many town 
offices, serving as representative, and delegate 
in the Constitutional Convention of 1902. He 
was for many years clerk and deacon of the 

Congregational Church, was a Mason, and 
the first Master of Barnstead Grange, lie 
was also one of the organizers of the- Barn- 
stead Mutual Fire Insurance Company and 
was clerk and director of the same for twenty- 
nine years. 

In I860 he married Lucinda I. Xutter. who 
died in 1900. One daughter, Mrs. Charles 
II. Morrison. survives, 


George C, Blaisdell, M. D„ bom in Goffs- 
town, November 23, 1844, son of Stephen and 
Amanda (Marshall; Blaisdell, died at Con- 
toocook, February 5, 1917. 

He was educated in the public schools and 
Harvard University Medical School, from 
which lie graduated in 1S67, and soon after 
settled at Contoocook, where he remained, 
establishing a wide and successful practice. 
He had served many years as surgeon for the 
B. & M. R. R. in Contoocook and vicinity. 
Fie was a Mason, an Odd Fellow, and a mem- 
ber of the Xew Hampshire Medical Society. 

Pie is survived by two brothers, Edwin A. 
Blaisdell, who has served as town clerk in 
Goffstown for many years, and Dr. Frank 
Blaisdell, also of Goffstown. 


Oscar Albert Beverstock, born in. Sullivan, 
October 20, 187-1, died at his mother's home 
in Keene, January 23, 1917. 

Fie was the son of Oscar D. and Sarah 
(X'ims) Beverstock, and graduated from the 
Keene High School as valedictorian in 1892, 
and from Amherst College, with Phi Beta 
Kappa rank, in 1S90. He taught some time 
in Connecticut, and was head-master of the 
Carteret School at Orange. X. J., from 1906 
until 1916, when he retired on account of ill 

He was a member of the Court Street Con- 
gregational Church in Keene, the Xew Eng- 
land Society of Orange, X. J., the Civics Club 
and the Schoolmaster's Association of Xew 
York. He traveled extensively during vaca- 
tion periods, having visited European coun- 
tries three times in the past few years. 

He leaves a widow, who was Miss Elizabeth 
Montgomery of Washington, Pa.; a mother, 
Mrs. Sarah E. Beverstock, and four brothers. 


Edward S. Fletcher, son of Stillman and 
Pamelia (Spencer) Fletcher, born in Xewport, 
December, 21, 1S42, elied in that town, March 

Mr. Fletcher was educated at Colby Acad- 
emy, Xew London, atid was for a long time 
engaged in religious work in Boston, having 
been for eight years associate pastor with 
Rev..R. G. Seymour of the Ruggles Street 
Baptist Church, and, later, serving the Har- 
vard Street Church in the same capacity. 
About fifteen years ago he returned to the 
old homestead in Xewport, and was actively 


The Granite Monthly 

associated with the Baptist Church of that, 
town, serving several years as superintendent 
of the Sunday School. 

He leaves a wife, who was Miss Laura T. 
Wilber, and one son; also two sisters and three 

Albert C. Lane, M. D., born in Chichester, 
IS. H., November 20, 1851, died in the Massa- 
chusetts General Hospital, February 1, 1917. 
He was the son of Anthony K. and Sally 
(Yeaton) Lane. He attended public schools 
in his native town and in Pittsfield, N: EL, 
and received his medical training at the Long 
Island College Hospital, New York. He be- 
gan to practice in Billerica, Mass.. in 1S7S and 
after many years there he removed to Woburn, 
in 1900. and in that place had built up an ex- 
tensive practice. He was a charter member 
of Thomas Talbot Lodge of Masons, in Biller- 
iea, and belonged to various medical societies. 
Dr. Lane is survived by his wife, a son, 
Dr. C. Guv Lane, and a daughter. Miss Sadie 
B. Lane. 

Capt. John Stearns Smith, who was born 
in Peterborough in 1S37, died at St. Paul, 
Minn., December 19, 1916. 

Capt. Smith prepared for college at Apple- 
ton Academy. New Ipswich, but did not 
enter. He enlisted as a private, in the Sixth 
New Hampshire Regiment in the Civil War, 

took part in fifteen engagements and was three 
times wounded. Alter the war he engaged 
in the railway mail service and became assist- 
ant superintendent. He made his home 
in St. Paul, where he was chairman of the 
board of trustees of the Unitarian Church; 
but retained his love for his old home, and 
visited it every year as long as health and 
strength permitted. 

Leonard P. Foster, born in Gilsum, Dec- 
ember 7, 1S55, died in Manchester, Februarv 
7, 1917. 

After attending Keene Academy, he became 
interested in the drug business and acquired 
a partnership in the firm of Bullard & Foster 
of Keene, now Bullard & Shedd. Because of 
his health Mr. Foster was later obliged to 
relinguish his partnership at Keehe, and 
utimately went to Manchester where he en- 
gaged in various banking enterprises. He 
was associated with the late Gov. James A. 
Weston, Elijah W. Topliii and Hiram D. 
Upton, in banking interests. He was a 
director of the New Hampshire Trust Com- 
pany and was its treasurer. Since 1900 he 
had been the Eastern representative of Season- 
good & Mayer, a prominent municipal bond 
house. He was a member of the New Hamp- 
shire Historical Society. 

He is survived by his widow, Mrs. Mary 
Hammond Foster, and one son, John W. 
Foster, oi Cambrfdge. 


"Passaconaway in the White Moun- 
tains" is the title of a handsome duodecimo 
volume of 342 pages, by Charles Edward 
Beals, Jr. As might be gathered from the 
title, the book deals with Indian history and 
White Mountain scenery, and is intensely 
interesting in both particulars: while sixteen 
full page half-tone illustrations enhance its 
attractiveness. The author has spent his 
vacations, since childhood, in the heart of the 
White Mountain region, on which his school- 
day themes were based, when they were not 
devoted to the history of the Indians, who 
formerly roamed over this portion of the 
country. The publisher, Richard C. Badger 
of Boston, very pertinently speaks of the 
book as "A charming volume for lovers of 
mountains, depicting the unsurpassed scenery 
of a secluded nook in the heart of New Eng- 
land's Highlands, written from a viewpoint of 
human interest. A twenty-peaked skyline, 
experiences of pioneers, up-to-date bear 
stories, and the most comprehensive and 
vivid account of the New Hampshire Indians 
now in print, are among its varied features." 
Price, §1.50 net. 

page of an elegant brochure of verse, recently 
issued from the Rumford Press, of Concord. 
The poems embraced — some fifteen in all — 
were mostly written during a brief business 
sojourn of the author, in 1916, in the city of 
Worcester, Mass. Hence the title.' A few 
later ones have been added, including the 
striking ''Old Home" poem — "A Race of 
Men" — read at the Old Home Day celebra- 
tion in the author's native town of Wilmot 
last August. They are all characterized by 
originality of conception and power of ex- 
pression seldom manifested by present day 
writers of verse. 

The New Hampshire legislature, which 
organized on the first Wednesday in January 
by the choice of Jesse M. Barton of Newport 
as President of the Senate, and Arthur P. 
Morrill of Concord as Speaker of the House, 
is still in session, with no present prospect of 
immediate adjournment, notwithstanding the 
talk about "a short business session," with 
which the people were regaled by some of the 
newspapers at the outset. 

Ernest Yinton 
Wilmot, N. II., 

Poems, 1915-1910, by 

Brown, Author's edition; 

1910," appears on the title 

The illustrated Laconia number of the 
Granite Monthly, in preparation, is neces- 
sarily deferred for a time, but will appear 


The Granite Monthly 

Vol. XLIX. No. 4 

APRIL, 1917 

New Series, Vol. XII, No. 4 


By James W. Tucker- 

On April 19, the New Hampshire 
legislature was prorogued by Govern 
nor Henry W. Keyes after a session of 
sixteen weeks, extending from Jan- 
uary 3. Probably* more work was 
accomplished with less time wasted 
in oratory and debate^ than at any 
previous session. Harmony ap- 
peared to be the keynote and the 
legislative machine ran smoothly 
because partisanship was. for the 
most part, conspicuous by its absence. 

Following the declaration of a state 
of war with Germany by Congress, a 
flood of legislation was introduced 
for the purpose of safeguarding the 
state's every interest during the try- 
ing ordeal which would ordinarily 
follow. - There was reflected in Xew 
Hampshire a view o f the situation 
which confronts the nation and the 
Xew Hampshire law-makers were 
keen to note the vision and all that it 
portends. Legislation necessary to 
better protect the state's citizens and 
property, and bearing the seal of ap- 
proval of the energetic and tactful 
Governor Keyes, was passed with the 
same alacrity which marked the 
methods of General John Sullivan 
and other Xew Hampshire patriots 
in procuring the powder and shot 
which were used to defend Boston 
and the colonies against the invaders, 
at Bunker Hill. 

Included in this class of prepared- 
ness measures, were the authorization 
of a million dollar bond issue, the re- 
organization of the National Guard, 
which establishes universal liability 
to military service in this state, the 
creation of a State Guard under the 

supervision of a Military Emergency 
Board, new ' laws carrying heavy 
penalties for, the malicious damaging 
of growing foodstuffs, of public prop- 
erty or the property of public utili- 
ties during war-time; bills providing 
state pay for New Hampshire soldiers 
in the service of nation or state, and 
also providing aid for dependents of 
such soldiers, laws regulating the sale 
and use of firearms and explosives, the 
registration of aliens and sundry 
other acts- framed to conserve, during 
the period of war, Xew Hampshire's 
agricultural and other resources. 
The record for martial legislation in 
the Granite State has been set by the 
legislature of 1917 and it is hoped that 
it will never have to be surpassed. 

The patriotism and non-partisan- 
ship of Xew Hampshire's General 
Court was further shown by the unan- 
imous adoption of concurrent reso- 
lutions expressing unswerving loyalty 
to the war policies of President Wood- 
row Wilson and heartily endorsing 
universal military training. Resolu- 
tion^ of congratulation were for- 
warded to the President of the Rus- 
sian Duma on the successful outcome 
of the revolution for democracy in 
that country. 

The members of the General Court 
were undoubtedly actuated in their 
substantial expressions of patriotism 
by three stirring addresses of a pre- 
paredness nature, one delivered on 
February 1 by former President 
William Howard Taft, whose subject 
was "The World League to Enforce 
Peace," another on March 15 by 
Admiral Robert E. Peary of Xorth 


-. . 


President of the Senate 

The N. H. Legislature of 1917 


Pole fame, who spoke on "The Air 
Power of the United States," and the 
third on March 20 by ex-attorney- 
general of the United States, George 
W. YVickersham of New York, who 
discussed "Our Foreign Relations.' 1 
Other distinguished Americans who 
addressed the legislature were Thomas 
Mott Osborne of Xew York, prison 
reformer,, and Ambassador Naon of 

However, it is not upon the record 
of martial legislation that the recent 
session bears favorable comparison 
with those of the past, for, if it were 
necessary to blot out of the journals 
the - preparedness measures which 
have been passed, there would re- 
main the enactment of a sufficient 
number of important laws to give the 
session a high place in the state's 
history. Perhaps the most far-reach- 
ing and important of these other laws 
is the Lewis prohibition measure 
which prohibits the manufacture or 
sale of intoxicating liquors within this 
state after May L 1918. 

This bill,, fathered by the Rev. 
Jonathan S. Lewis, representative 
from Amherst, was introduced during 
the early part of the session and num- 
bered 444. After numerous and 
lengthy hearings before the house 
committee on liquor laws, the bill was 
made a special order for March 21, 
when,, after a long debate^ it was passed 
•by a vote of 192 to 172, and referred 
to the committee on appropriations. 
This committee reported the bill back 
without recommendation and again, 
on March 28, it came before the lower 
branch for judgment. This time the 
vote was closer, but prohibition won 
out by a vote of 190 to 185. On April 
11, the Senate passed the bill by a vote 
of 14 to 9, and on April 17 the bill was 
signed by Governor Keyes, who pre- 
sented the silver pen, with which he ' 
affixed his signature, to Mr. Lewis. 
It is said that the proponents of pro- 
hibition in New Hampshire are not 
content to allow the matter to rest 
but will take the issue to the Consti- 
tutional Convention for the purpose 

of securing a prohibition amendment 
to the constitution. 

Next in importance among the 
measures passed is the act which fixes 
Xew Hampshire's seal of approval to 
the reorganization of the Boston & 
Maine Railroad system. This was 
passed almost unanimously by both 
branches of the legislature, despite 
the vigorous opposition of the Boston 
tfc Maine Railroad Minority Stock- 
holders' Association and two Pearson 
Fund trustees, Judge James W. 
Remick of this city and Clarence E. 
Carr of Andover. 

Although the prohibition and rail- 
road bills stand out prominently in 
the class of legislation apart from war 
measures, there were enacted nu- 
merous other laws for which the grate- 
ful acknowledgment of Granite State 
citizens is most certainly due. There 
is a law reducing the hours which 
women and minors may be employed 
in certain occupations from fifty-five 
to fifty-four hours a week: there is 
the Couch factory inspection law, 
which will afford a greater degree of 
safety to those citizens employed in 
factories and shops; the Brennan 
weights and measures bill which es- 
tablishes a standard in New Hamp- 
shire and a commission to see that the 
standard is enforced, and other better- 
ment laws carrying additional pro- 
A'ision for the care of dependent chil- 
dren, the feeble-minded and the tuber- 
culous. The "blue-sky law," de- 
signed to protect investors and the 
general public against the sale of 
worthless stocks and securities, was 
passed and another new act requires 
uniform accounting and serial bond 
issues by municipalities. It will be 
possible, under another act, to tax 
deposits of citizens of this state in 
banks outside of New Hampshire and 
national banks and trust companies 
have been given authority to act as 

Steps have been taken to conserve 
the natural resources of the state, 
first by refusing the grant of certain 
important water privileges to private 


The Granite Monthly 

enterprises, and second by the author- 
ization of a complete survey of the 
water powers of this state. Authori- 
zation was also granted for a survey 
of the Maine and New Hampshire 
boundary. A state library commis- 
sion has been provided for; as has a 
board of control to take charge of 
state institutions similar to that in 
vogue during the Felker regime, ex- 
cept that the purchasing agent,, under 
the new law, will not be a member of 
the board. Another interesting law 
provides for the regulation of cold 
storage products in this state, and an- 
other, fathered by the Elks as a part 
of the order's "Big Brother" move- 
ment, wipes out the criminal record of 
all minors after they are eighteen 
years of age or after their probation 
period ceases. The codification of 
the fish and game laws presents 
many interesting new features in- 
cluding a fisherman's license which is 
necessary in order to fish anywhere 
except in the waters of one's own 
town or city. 

It is obvious that many more or less 
popular measures have to be thrown 
into the discard and among the more 
important bills which failed of pas- 
sage this year are: the bill to allow 
women to vote for presidential elec- 
tors and in municipal elections, the 
bill to abolish the direct primary law, 
to make supervision of public schools 
compulsory, to establish a system of 
state police, to abolish capital punish- 
ment, to allow games of health-giving 
recreation on Sundays, to -abolish the 
state tax commission, to establish a 
child welfare commission, to require 
a local license for motor- vehicles, and 
to provide old-age pensions and health 

However, in regard to the last 
named propositions, it is interesting 
to note that a commission has been 
appointed by the Governor to inquire 
into health insurance and workmen's 
compensation, and that old age pen- 
sions were declared by the supreme 
court, in an opinion given at the re- 
quest of the House Judiciary Com- 

mittee, to be unconstitutional. This 
opinion also included the information 
that teachers' pensions may be granted 
for but one year at a time. 

This unusual and creditable record, 
while attributed to the legislature in 
general, is, nevertheless, directly due 
to the leaders in the House and Sen- 
ate among whom complete harmony 
and unanimitv of purpose existed. 
These leaders, always in touch with 
the executive head of the state, per- 
formed a rare service, for without 
their invaluable assistance this legis- 
lative body, the largest in the world 
with the exception of the Congress of 
the United States and the British 
Parliament, would have been as help- 
less as a rudderless ship at sea. 

The Republicans dominated both 
branches. In the Senate there were 
sixteen Republicans and eight Demo- 
crats, while the House was made up 
of 246 Republicans and 158 Demo- 
crats. One Democrat, Patrick Mc- 
Greevy of Ward 5, Manchester, died 
shortly after the session began. In 
spite of the predominating Republi- 
can majority, politics, as has been 
stated, was not allowed to disturb the 
serenity and efficiency of the session. 
The leaders of both parties cooper- 
ated in every possible way to expedite 
the business and enact the laws which 
were for the best interest and welfare 
of the state. 

In the Senate, President Jesse M. 
Barton of Newport presided with 
dignity and effectiveness. Senator 
MarceJ Theriault of Nashua, young 
of years and without previous legisla- 
tive experience, was chosen to head 
the important judiciary committee 
and he acquitted himself with credit. 
Senator Nathaniel E. Martin of Con- 
cord rendered the same invaluable 
service that characterized his career 
in the upper branch two years ago. 
Other leaders of the Senate were 
Daniel J. Daley of Berlin, Calvin Page 
of Portsmouth and Alfred Stanley of 

In the House, the deliberations 
were ably presided over by Arthur P. 



'J f 

Speaker of the House of Representatives 


The Granite Monthly 

Morrill of Concord, one of the young- 
est speakers who ever graced the 
rostrum and than whom there has 
never been one more popular, efficient 
or fair. On the Republican side of 
the House, the leader was Benjamin 
W. Couch of Concord, chairman of 
the judiciary committee, and a legis- 
lator of experience and high ability. 
He was ably assisted by French of 
Moultonborough, Bartlett of Ports- 
mouth, Bell of Exeter, Bell of Ply- 
mouth, Rogers of Piainleld, Hoyt of 
Hanover, Wood of Portsmouth and 
other leading Republicans. 

The affairs of the Democratic side 
were managed in the House by the 
urbane James F. Brennan of Peter- 
borough, and his right hand man was 
William J. Ahern of Concord whose 
business it has been, for many sessions 
to straighten out the parliamentary 
snarls that sometimes disturb the 
serenity of business. Then there 
were Murchie of Concord, Tilt on of 
Tilton and Rogers of Wakefield who 
also proved able assistants on the 
floor and in the committees. 

The real work of the session is al- 
ways done by the committees, among 
which the most important are the 
judiciary and the appropriation com- 
mittees. The former did its great 
work smoothly and with the full con- 

fidence of the House. The chairman 
of the latter committee, James E. 
French of Aloultonborough, is deserv- 
ing of lasting credit for the able man- 
ner in which he has managed the im- 
portant affairs of this important com- 
mittee. The task this year has been 
exceptionally hard on account of the 
appropriations for war and the in- 
creased cost of maintenance, but 
''Uncle Jim" retained his serene de- 
meanor and the work of his committee 
was pursued to the same' successful 
culmination as in previous years de- 
spite the obstacles. To his fine 
judgment is due, in no small degree, 
the fact that our entire state debt 
is only about one fourth of one per 
cent on all the taxable property of the 

No finer, or more conscientious set 
of House attaches were ever con- 
nected with a session of the New 
Hampshire legislature and every one 
of them, from Sergeaht-at-arms 
Walter J. A. Ward of Hillsborough 
down to the smallest page of the 
House was the embodiment of polite- 
ness and willingness to serve. 

The New Hampshire legislature of 
1917 will be judged by its record and 
on this basis no patriotic citizen of the 
Granite State can withhold his grati- 
tude and aDprpval. 


Governor Keyes 

One of the rock-ribbed American 
tenets has been that any man elected 
by the people will rise to meet the 
problems confronting him. Gov- 
ernor Flenry Wilder Keyes is our pres- 
ent example of the intelligence of the 
electorate. When he was induced to 
stand for the nomination for chief 
executive of the state, probably 
nobody expected that a war with Ger- 
many would be the portion of the 
United States. Governor Keyes, it 
may be inferred, did not weigh that 
possibility, in his consideration of the 
matter, but he has risen to the de- 

mands of the situation and his initia- 
tive in organizing a Committee on 
Public Safety and his sanction of the 
Defence League, not to mention the 
.numerous war measures which he 
presented to the legislature, has 
stamped him unmistakably as a war 
governor of the highest. calibre. 

It should be said that few. govern- 
ors of New Hampshire have come to 
the office with better preparation 
than Governor. Keyes, and it should 
be added that the preparation has not 
miscarried. The Governor had serv- 
ice in both branches of the legislature 
and was identified with a state de- 

The V. H. Legislature of 1917 


partment for a period, sufficient to 
familiarize him with the needs of the 
state. His worth as an official has 
been further emphasized by his con- 
tinuous service on the board of select- 
men of his town of Haverhill of which 
he has been a member seventeen 
terms- It was simply a case of evo- 
lution for him to fit into the duties 
ahead of him and to accept the work 
thrown upon him with a display of 
ability which all his friends and ad- 
mirers knew he had. The adminis- 
tration started with an indication of 
comparative placidity, considering the 
previous administrations of the two 
Rochester governors, Samuel D. 
Felker and Holland H. Spaulding, 
both of whom had very scrappy 
councils. Governor Keyes' troubles 
with his council are nil, but he has had 
problems that few governors who 
preceded him had, and as was an- 
nounced at the outset he has faced 
and is solving these problems with the 
aplomb of a level-headed tactician, 
without a trace of jingoism, albeit 
possessed of a lively sense of Ameri- 
canism. That is to say his blood 
has tingled, oftentimes, but his brain 
was ever cool. 

Governor Keyes is a native of Ver- 
mont, but his Xew Hampshire affilia- 
tions are such that he counts almost, 
if not quite, as one to the manor 
born' of this state. His father's farm 
took in both sides of the Connecticut 
River, Newbury on the Vermont side 
and Haverhill, the present home of 
the governor, in Xew Hampshire. 
So, although Vermont had the home- 
stead where he was born, Xew 
Hampshire has a strong claim on him 
and this was the Commonwealth in 
which he developed and reached his 
high estate. Good for Xew- Hamp- 
shire and for the Governor. 

The Governor's schooling was largely 
a Boston product, the public schools 
and Harvard University, with Adams 
Academy sandwiched in, fitting him 
for the serious concerns of life ahead. 
Extensive travel in Europe and this 
country broadened his perspective 

and, after all was done, he decided to 
conduct the big farm along progressive 
lines in connection with his other 
business enterprises. It is this agri- 
cultural knowledge which peculiarly 
fits him to cope with the war prob- 
lems that are to be worked out, and 
enables him to cooperate effectively 
with Chairman John B. Jameson 
and Vice-Chairman Holland H. 
Spaulding, who were named by him 
to head the Committee on Public 

Intensive application comes natural- 
ly to Governor Keyes. He learned the 
rudiments while on the crew at Har- 
vard and in all of his activities the 
same rule lias obtained. When there 
is something to do, that is the thing 
he is doing, whole-heartedly and effec- 
tively. rXe is nothing of a slacker, 
his disposition being to work early 
and late when the occasion calls. 
In his private capacity, the Governor 
has been identified with railroad and 
telephone and telegraph development, 
having served as director of both these 
utilities, as welt as being an owner of 
the Nashua River Paper Company at 
Pepperell, "Mass., and president of the 
Woodsville Xational Bank. 

Governor Keyes is a Mason and a 
Patron of Husbandry, and unless all 
signs fail he will become an overseer 
of Harvard College, his alma mater, 
when the election is held this spring, 
the nomination already having been 
made. - - 

Councilor Carroll 
The death of Councilor Edward H. 
Carroll of Warner is one of the chief 
regrets of Governor Keyes. The 
Governor had looked upon Councilor 
Carroll as one of his chief advisers, 
and the councilor met the require- 
ments during the session of the legis- 
lature. In the last week of the ses- 
sion, Councilor Carroll fell ill and was 
unavoidably absent because of his 
illness thereafter. His business acu- 
men was such that the Governor 
naturally relied upon him to give 
him intelligent advice as to his ap~ 


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The Granite Monthly 

pointments and such other business 
as came under the consideration of 
the Governor and Council. Coun- 
cilor Carroll was born and brought 
up in Warner, and, except for a few 
years which he spent in Manchester 
in the real estate and insurance busi- 
ness, has always been a resident of 
that town and a potential factor in 
the development of the town. His 
chief business had been lumbering, 
farming and real estate operations, 
and he had been frequently called 
upon to serve his townsmen as select- 
man and schoolboard member, and 
the county made him their treasurer 
and the state called upon him to be 
bank examiner, not to mention his 
membership in the legislature and 
the constitutional convention in 1912. 
His standing in business may be 
summed up from the fact that he 
had been a bank trustee for twenty- 
nine years and was considered one of 
the most level-headed business men 
and expert lumber operators in the 
state. In religion Councilor Carroll 
was a I niversalist. His lodge connec- 
tions included the Masonic. Knights 
Templar and Shriners. In his last 
campaign he showed such strength 
against a strong candidate, David E. 
Murphy, one of the strongest Demo- 
crats in the county, that he was 
deemed likely timber for the Repub- 
lican nomination for Governor.* 

Cou.xcilor Swart 
It is always an interesting bit of 
speculation to pick out possible can- 
didates for governor from among the 
members of the council. As a matter 
of cold fact few councilors ever reach 
the goal of their ambition, but this 
year there seems to be an exceptional 
case and friends and admirers of 
Councilor William D. Swart of Nashua 
are predicting with confidence that he 
will break through and move along 
into the governor's office shortly. It 
goes without saying that he would 
make an ideal governor, as well as 
look the part, for Mr. Swart is prob- 

* Councilor Carroll died April 30. 

ably the best dresser in Governor 
Keyes' official family. 

Mr. Swart is a native of New York 
and was educated in the public 
schools and at Wilbraham (Mass.) 
Academy. Since 1890, he has been a 
resident of Nashua and lias been one 
of the prominent business men in the 
second city, where he is identified 
with many interests. Colonel Swart 
was a member of Governor Rams- 
dell's staff, has served in both branches 
of the legislature, being president of 
the senate in 1911. He is a 32d 
degree Mason and a member of the 
Nashua and Vesper Country clubs- 
and of the Boston Athletic Association. 

Governor Keyes places much re- 
liance upon Colonel Swart because 
of his wide knowledge of business and 
state-craft, the death of Councilor 
Carroll causing the Governor to 
depend more than ever on the sound 
judgment of the Nashuan. Colonel 
Swart takes his official duties seri- 
ously, devoting most of his time to 
the state affairs, as he did in the 
promotion df the board of trade in 
Nashua, of which he was president. 
Pie has also been in the Nashua city 
council and a fire commissioner there. 
His work is always well done and this 
will count strongly in his favor when 
the time comes for casting about 
seriously for a Republican standard 
bearer next year. 

Councilor Yarney 
Charles W. Yarney is the youngest 
member of the Council which advised 
Governor Spaulding, but he is none 
the less one of the astute advisers. 
Councilor Yarney is a native of Maine, 
born in Lebanon June 4, 1884, where 
he took his preliminary educational 
training, finishing in Boston in a busi- 
ness school. After a short period in 
the insurance business in Boston he 
went to Rochester where he followed 
the same business and is now one of 
the leading insurance men of that city. 
Mr. Yarney early developed political 
inclinations, and his ability was im- 
pressed upon his fellow citizens. In 

The X. II. Legislature of 191? 


1913 hejwas sent to the legislature, 
serving in the house of representa- 
tives, and in the following year was 

nominated and elected senator from 
his district on the basis of Ms good 
showing in the House. His record 
in the" Senate was equal to his show- 
ing in the. lower branch of the legisla- 

that organization and widely known 
thereof. Besides the Grange the 
councillor is a thirty-second degree 
Mason, an Odd Fellow and a member 
of clubs too numerous to mention. 
Coming from Rochester and being a 
member of the council, it would be 
surprising if he had not gubernatorial 


« ;---«-'- • ? • 

Hon. Charles W. \arney 


ture, .and last year he was nominated 
as the Republican candidate for coun- 
cilor, defeating, no less a man than 
ex-mayor Albert G. Whiltemore of 
Dover and one other. This being a 
year when the agriculturists count 
strongly, the Grangers all rallied 
strongly to the support of Councilor 
Yarney, he being the state lecturer of 

ambition, but whether he will push 
it forward right away, in view of the 
nearness of the administrations of his 
fellow townsmen, Samuel D, Felker 
and Holland H. Spaulding, is a ques- 
tion. That he will be heard from 
later is a foregone conclusion. Coun- 
cilor Varney is asiduous in his attend- 
ance upon meetings of the council 


Tht Granite Monthly 

and thus far has been an ardent sup- 
porter of the Governor, in sharp con- 
trast to the council which his towns- 
man, Governor Spaulding. had. The 
councilor's church affiliations are with 
the Methodists. He is married and 
has two children. 

this time. Councilor Gray also has 
a keen appreciation of the needs of 
the state and is in a position to do 
effective work as a councilor. He 
also is fully informed of what is 
happening through his membership 
on the advisory board of the state 


Hon. Miles W. Gray 

Councilor Gray 
Councilor Miles W. Gray of Colum- 
bia has proved one of the most valu- 
able advisers of the Governor, his 
presence being especially necessary 
in these war times because of his wide 
knowledge of agriculture, as well as 
of business affairs. The Governor, 
himself, is a farmer, and is fully alive 
to the needs of intensive gardening at 

department of agriculture and Com- 
missioner Felker lias placed much 
dependence upon the advice of Mr. 

Lunenburg, Vt., is the place of Mr. 
Gray's nativity. He lived there until 
he was sixteen years of age, when he 
moved into Xew r Hampshire and has 
lived in the North Country ever 
since, where he is one of the most 

The N. 2& Legislature of 1917 


widely known and popular men. In 
addition to the operation of his large 
(arm in Columbia. Councilor Gray 
hus been an extensive operator in real 
estate, lumber and other interests, 
including banking. He is president 
of the Colebrook National Bank and 

Councilor Verrette 
Democrats are rare in the Gover- 
nor's council, not counting the Felker 
administration which was an excep- 
tion anyway. But in the present 
administration there is a real, live 
Democrat, who cannot be classed by 

Hon. Moise Verrette 

a trustee of the Colebrook Guaranty 
Savings Bank. His constituents have 
kept him in public life most of the 
time in recent years, as selectman, 
representative to the General Court 
and county commissioner. 

Councilor Gray is a charter mem- 
ber of Colebrook Lodge, Knights of 
Pythias, and a Patron of Husbandry. 

any manner of means as an accident. 
Councilor Moise Verrette of Man- 
chester won out by a cieancut margin 
over the Republican candidate, and 
his victory was so pronounced that 
they are talking very seriously of 
naming him as the Democratic candi- 
date for mayor of his city next year. 
Councilor Verrette, moreover, is show- 


The Granite Monthly 

ing such ability in the council that 
the Republicans do not look forward 
with any appreciable degree of confi- 
dence in their ability to defeat him. 

Councilor Yerrette's partisanship 
ceased after the election and he is as 
ready to vote for any person or policy 
the Governor may bring forward, 
with an eye single to the man's fitness 
for the place or the merit of the policy, 
as either of the other four councilors. 
Mr. Yerrette, like the other members 
of Governor Key es' council has made 
good in private life before entering 
politics. He is proprietor of one of 
the largest stores in Manchester, 
built up on well grounded business 
principles. The Manchester coun- 
cilor is the first of French descent to 
be elected to that high office. He 
had never been identified actively in 
politics before his election as a dele- 
gate to the St. Louis convention last 

Mr. Yerrette was born in Stanfold, 
Canada, March 1, 1857, and was edu- 
cated in the public schools. He came 
to Manchester early and started in 
upon the career which made him one 
of the big merchants of the city and a 
prominent factor in its material de- 
velopment, for he has always taken a 
warm interest in all matters of civic 
welfare. .His fraternal affiliations in- 
clude, membership in the Club Jolliet, 
Societe St. Jean Baptiste and Associa- 

President Barton 
President Jesse M. Barton made an 
ideal presiding officer of the senate. 
Previous experience had qualified him 
to wield the gavel and his unfailing 
courtesy to the senators won him 
their high personal regard. His rul- 
ings were impartial and never ques- 
tioned. President Barton repre- 
sented the Eighth District and he had 
a lively realization of his duties, 
which he did not shirk because of his 
exalted position. He took the floor 
and delivered several speeches on bills 
which affected his district or the 

general welfare, his talks being among 
the best of the session. 

President Barton is a native vnd 
life-long resident of Newport. He 
celebrated his forty-seventh birthday 
a few days after he had been elected to 
preside over the senate. His educa- 
tion was received at Kimball Union 
Academy. Dartmouth College and 
Boston University Law School. He 
served as judge of probate in Sullivan 
County ten years, resigning to become 
senator and his political experience 
includes service as chairman of the 
Republican State Committee in the 
strenuous campaign of 1912. Before 
the establishment of the central board 
of trustees of state institutions, Presi- 
dent Barton was a trustee of the 
Industrial School. He is a trustee of 
the Newport Savings Bank and a 
member of the Masons and Odd 
Fellows, and Psi Upsilon Fraternity. 
He is married and has one child. 

Senator Martin 
A. leading figure in the New Hamp- 
shire Senate during the last two 
sessions, as he has been at the New 
Hampshire bar for the last quarter of 
a century, was Nathaniel E. Martin 
of Concord, representing District No. 
15, planned to be strongly Republican 
when the last gerrymander was made, 
but not sufficiently strong so that any 
Republican could be found popular 
enough to defeat the invincible Demo- 
cratic nominee, who has the reputa- 
tion of almost invariably " getting 
there" when he starts out for the 
attainment of any object. Although 
the Republicans, at the last election, 
pitted against him their strongest 
man, the veteran of two wars arid 
long-time popular commander of the 
National Guard — Gen. Joab N. Pat- 
terson — Mr. Martin won out by a 
substantial majority as was the case 
two years before, and through his 
conspicuous service to the state as a 
senator has come to be regarded as a 
most eligible candidate for the Demo- 
cratic gubernatorial nomination next 




The Granite Monthly 

Although entitled by experience 
and ability to the chairmanship of the 
judiciary committee, he was put in 
second place by the President, who 
felt bound to assign a member of the 
majority, however inexperienced, to 
the chairmanship. This, however, 
did not prevent him from doing- the 
effective work for which he was 
equipped. Regardless of rank, he 
was really the strong man of the 
committee, and to his efforts is due 
the passage of much beneficial legis- 
lation, and the slaughter of not a few 
bad measures. His speech on the 
floor in championship of the Lewis, or 
state-wide prohibition bill, was most 
effective and won him great com- 
mendation. Aside from the judiciary 
he served on the committees on banks, 
education, finance, state hospital, 
state prison and industrial school 
(chairman), and rules. 

Senator Martin is a native of Lou- 
don, sixty-one years of age, and has pur- 
sued the practice of law in the Capital 
City with great success since 1879. x\s 
a trial lawyer he has no superior at the 
bar in the state. He has served as 
mayor of Concord and solicitor of 
Merrimack County, winning high rep- 
utation for efficient law enforcement. 
He was also a leading member of the 
Constitutional Convention of 1912, 
and a delegate in the Democratic Na- 
tional Convention at St. Louis in 1904. 

Senator Page 
Calvin Page, of Portsmouth, Demo- 
cratic senator from District No. 24. 
last on the role of membership, but 
first of all in point of experience in 
public life, leading lawyer and presi- 
dent of the Rockingham bar, was, 
naturally enough, a prominent figure 
in the upper house during the recent 
session, although not accorded a place 
on the judiciary committee, to which 
his legal standing and long experience 
entitled him. He served on the 
committees on incorporations, banks, 
elections, roads, bridges and canals, 
and public improvements, being chair- 
man of the latter. 

Senator Page never seeks to array 
himself on the popular side of any 
question, but champions the side 
which he considers right, regardless of 
popularity, and never hesitates to say 
what he thinks in discussing any 
measure. He was diligent in his 
committee work, and often heard in 
debate on the floor, always speaking 
incisively and to the point. He was 
specially interested in the measure 
providing for a new bridge over the 
Piscataqua, between Portsmouth and 
Kittery, through the joint action of 
this state and Maine, and was largely 
instrumental in its enactment. 

Senator Page is a native of North 
Hampton, born August 22, 1845. He 
was educated at Phillips Exeter 
Academy and Harvard College, and 
has practiced law in Portsmouth 
nearly half a century. At the same 
time he has been actively connected 
with various important corporations, 
and prominent in public life, serving 
as city solicitor, judge of the police 
court, mayor of Portsmouth two 
terms, thirty years member of the 
school board, U. S. collector of internal 
revenue, twice before as a memfeer- of 
the state senate, and a delegate in the 
Constitutional Convention of 1889. 
He is a trustee of the Frank Jones 
estate, a Unitarian, Mason and 
Knight Templar. He was accorded a 
handsome vote in the primary for the 
Democratic nomination for United 
States senator in 1914. 

Senator Daley 
Senator Daniel James Daley of 
Berlin gave the Republicans a jolt 
last fall, when he was elected in the 
First District, which had been reck- 
oned sure ground for the other candi- 
date. People in the North Country 
do not consider his politics when they 
have Senator Daley up for a candi- 
date. He is just "Dan" Daley to 
them and a good man to have in a 
position of responsibility. They ex- 
pect him to give the best there is in 
him and he has never failed them. 
He thinks for himself and acts the 


■j t 


, . . . «iS; 


The Granite Monthly 

way his reason dictates, which is one 
of the main reasons they have ac- 
quired the habit of electing him for 
whatever he rims for. 

As mayor of Berlin for five years. 
he gave an admirable administration 
of the city affairs and the same was 
true of his work as town treasurer 
back in the eighties, Coos County 
solicitor, city councilor of Berlin, on 
the board of education of that citv 

lieved in the license law, although a 
temperance man. until Congress 
enacted laws which seemed to warrant 
the expectation that state prohibition 
could be enforced. The senator was 
admitted to the bar in 1885 and lias 
practiced in the North Country since. 
He is now a partner of Edmund 
Sullivan, and their business ranks 
with the largest law firms in the state. 
In his voungrer davs Senator Daley 



Hon. Daniel J. Daley 

and in the constitutional convention 
of 1902. He made a good record in 
the senate, his speeches always being 
carefully prepared and invariably 
informing on the issue involved. 
His principal efforts were for suffrage, 
where he was on the losing side, and 
in the prohibition fight where his 
speech did much to carry the day for 
the new law. 

Senator Daley always plays with his 
cards on the table, so it was character- 
istic of him to admit that he had be- 

had Edward C. Niles, present chair- 
man of the public sendee commission, 
as a partner, and one of the pleasant- 
est incidents of the session to the 
senator was a reunion with Mr. Niles. 
He is a prominent Elk, a trustee of 
the Berlin Y. M. C. A. and a member 
of the New Hampshire Bar Associa- 

Senator Baker 
Senator Stillma-n H. Baker was 
one of the substantial members of 
the Senate of 1917. He was not long 

H. Legislature of 1917 

on the talk, but when there was action 
he was always present and in eom- 
Biittees was a power of influence by 
virtue of his knowledge of affairs 
through his connection with the 
board of trustees of state institutions 
and as commissioner of Hillsborough 
County. It is one of the tenets of 
Senator Baker's faith that if he is 
appointed to do certain things, those 
are the tilings to do, and, while 

The senator has been active in his 
town and county affairs as well as in 
the legislative halls at Concord. "He 
has been chairman of the board of 
selectmen of Hillsborough, tax col- 
lector and member of the board of 
education, overseer of the poor and 
moderator, counting some of his local 
activities. He also gave strong serv- 
ice as county commissioner for twelve 
vears and served in the House of 

Hon. Stillraan H. Baker 

shirking seemed to be the watchword 
of most of. the trustees of state insti- 
tutions, Senator Baker was not among 
the slackers. With the exception of 
Secretary Glessner, who was on the job 
practically every day, Senator Baker 
was the trustee most in evidence about 
the offices of the purchasing agent 
during the past two years, the tenure 
of the defunct board. There was re- 
gret expressed that the senator was 
not included among the new trustees, 
although he was in no sense a candi- 
date for appointment. 

Representatives in the sessions of 
1893, 1909 and 1911, and was the 
recipient of a practically unanimous 
nomination by the Republicans for 
senator last year. 

He was born in Croydon and lived 
in Concord in his childhood, attending 
the public schools in Concord and 
later settling in Hillsborough, where 
he occupies a position of prominence 
in the business life of the town. The 
senator has never been much of a 
joiner, but he has membership in the 
Masons and the Odd Fellows. 

The Granite M&nthly 

Senator Shea 
A few good speeches are the usual 
portion of any session of the legisla- 
ture and one of these, so far as the 
Senate was concerned, was delivered 
by Senator Michael F. Shea of 
Manchester. It was a forlorn hope 
speech, too, delivered in the full expec- 
tation that it was on the losing side, 
but yet delivered with the fervor of 
honest conviction* Senator Shea was 

practical set. of men. and this year's 
Senate was no exception to the ruie.^J 
Senator Shea is a Manchester pro- 
duct, having been born there in 1875 
and he has been' satisfied to hold his 
residence there since. Manchester 
is also satisfied to have Senator Shea, 
as was evidenced by the flattering vote 
given him both in the primary and the 
election. He received his education 
in the schools of Manchester, gradu- 

> ■ 


Hon. Michael F« Shei 

one of the men who. while practicing 
temperance himself, believed that 
the present license law was preferable 
to a prohibition law and he led the 
fight against the bill which changed 
the policy of the state in the matter of 
regulating the drink traffic. His 
speech was one of the strong presen- 
tations of the session, but it did not 
turn the tide. Speaking frankly, 
forensic efforts have little weight in 
the upper branch of the legislature. 
The membership usually is a cold, 

ating from St. Joseph's High School, 
Manhattan College and Boston Uni- 
versity Law School. Senator Shea 
was a nifty ball player in his younger 
days, being a member of the Manhat- 
tan varsity team and on one of the 
classy teams of the college. 

The senator was not a novice in 
legislative procedure when he was 
sent to the Senate for the last session. 
He had been a member of the House 
in 1905 and 1007, when his com- 
mittee assignments included the revi- 

The N, H. Legislature of 191 


sion of statutes committee, on which 
be did effective work. Senator Shea's 
lodge connections are of brief tabu- 
lation- He belongs to the Ancient 
Order of Hibernians and is something 
of a family man. Six children are 
his testimonial to the anti-race suicide 

Speaker Morrill 
Arthur P. Morrill of Ward Five, 
Concord, has served the state during 
the recent session of the legislature in 
the important capacity of Speaker of 
the House of Representatives. The 
selection of this young Republican 
for such a high legislative office 
proved a particularly happy one for 
he has made an efficient presiding 
officer whose fairness and tact have 
been appreciated on both sides of the 
House. Fortunately he had acted as 
Speaker during the final days of the 
session of 1915, thereby gaining a 
knowledge of the position which was 
of advantage to him and the members 
during the early days of this last 
session. His committees, chosen 
with discretion and care, were named 
at an early' day, and from that time 
until the legislature was prorogued 
on April 19, he directed the affairs 
of the lower branch in a most fair and 
expeditious manner. 

Mr. Morrill was born in Concord 
on March J 5, 1876. He received his 
education at Phillips Andover Acad- 
emy, Yale University and the Har- 
vard Law School. He lias been 
admitted to practice before the New 
Hampshire bar, but at the present 
time is giving the greater part of his 
time to the business of the insurance 
firm of Morrill 6c Danforth of which 
he is a member. Pie is a trustee of 
the Loan and Trust Savings Bank of 
Concord. As has been stated, Mr. 
Morrill served in the House of Repre- 
sentatives in 1915 and was a member 
of the judiciary committee. In 1912 
he was a^ delegate to the constitu- 
tional convention, ,/ taking an active 
part in its work. 

Benjamin W. Couch 
Benjamin W. Couch of Ward Five, 
Concord, has completed his fourth 
term as chairman of the most im- 
portant House committee, the judici- 
ary. There was also spread over his 
shoulders, at the opening of the pres- 
ent term, the mantle of leader of the 
majority party in the lower branch of 
the legislature. Both of these high 
trusts the gentleman from Concord 
has filled in a manner which has called 
forth the unstinted praise of those 
best qualified to know the responsi- 
bilities which these trusts have im- 

The "Erudite Couch," as he has 
been termed on the floor, is better 
known as just "Ben" and there is 
reflected in this democratic appela- 
tion the intimate regard in which he 
is held by all the members. Con- 
scientious and painstaking in his work 
and with a wide legislative and legal 
knowledge he has made an ideal chair- 
man of the judiciary committee, 
Dealing in the open and showing 
neither fear nor favoritism he has 
made a strong and effective House 
leader. With a smile for everyone 
and a keen sense of humor, combined 
with a desire to be of service he has 
made a hit personally, just as he has 
made an enviable record as a legisla- 

"Ben" was born in Concord on 
August 19, 1873, and received his 
early education in the grammar and 
high schools of the Capital City. He 
graduated from Dartmouth in 1898 
and after attending the Plarvard Law 
School for two years he returned to 
Concord and was admitted to prac- 
tice before the Xew Plampshire bar in 
June, 1899. In 1899 he was admitted 
to the firm of Leach and Stevens as a 
junior partner. Since then Mr. Leach 
has withdrawn from the firm and 
William L. Stevens has been admitted, 
the firm name now being Stevens, 
Couch & Stevens. He has been a 
member of the Concord Police Com- 
mission, was at one time associate 
justice of the local police court, served 


The Granite Monthly 

a term as president of the Concord 
City Council arid has been a trustee 
of the New Hampshire B%ate Hospital. 
In 1913 he was a member of the Stale 
Board of Control under the Felker 
administration. He has an extensive 
law practice, holds several business 
positions of trust and importance, and 
is an active member of several local 
clubs. He is a Mason and attends 
the Unitarian Church. 

that at each election he has received 
the largest number of votes cast for 
any candidate for the office. He was 
a candidate by petition of his fellow 
townsmen in the last two elections 
and the last November vote was the 
largest he has yet received. 

Major Brennan's career in the legis- 
lature has been interesting and hon- 
orable. A lawyer by profession, he 
has been an invaluable member of the 

Benjamin W. Couch 

Maj. James F. Brexxax 
Major James F. Brennan, repre- 
sentative from the town of Peter- 
borough, has just completed his third 
term as a member of the lower branch 
of the General Court, where, for the 
past ,two sessions he has been the 
Democratic floor leader and the mi- 
nority party's candidate for speaker. 
He is the first Democrat to be sent to 
the legislature from this Republican 
town since 1853, and it is a significant 
tribute to his worth and popularity 

judiciary committee at all three ses- 
sions, and during the closing days of 
the recent session he was appointed 
by the Speaker with Chairman Couch 
to sit with the committee on railroads 
for the purpose of aiding the com- 
mittee in its hearings on the very im- 
portant Boston & Maine Railroad 
reorganization measure. Perhaps the 
crowning achievement of his career in 
the General Court was the passage at 
this session of the bill he introduced 
establishing a department of weights 

The X. II. Legislature of 1917 

t « 

and measures in this state and 
;<Mifioriziiig a commission to execute 
this important Law which will be of 
direct benefit to every citizen of New 
Hampshire. At every session since 
he has been a member of the House, 
Major Brennan has fought for the 
enactment of this measure and its 
final passage is a tribute to the 
man's tenacity of purpose, resource- 
fulness and ability. As would be 

Hubert and Mary (Mahoney) Bren- 
nan. His early education was received 
ill the district schools of his native 
town and at the old Peterborough 
Academy. In 1884 he graduated 
from Maryland University at Balti- 
more and was admitted to practice 
before the New Hampshire bar that 
same year. He located in ' Peter- 
borough where he established an office, 
gaining an extensive practice"; and 


. . 


Maj. James F. Brennan 

expected, this talented floor-leader 
of the Democrats is an eloquent de- 
bater, combining argumentative 
powers with keen Celtic wit, an effec- 
tive combination for any speaker. 
During these three sessions he has 
not missed a day nor a roll call, and 
during that time has introduced 
twenty-six bills, many of them the 
most important of the session, twenty- 
three of which have been enacted. 

Major Brennan was born in Peter- 
borough, March 31, 1853, the son of 

making a host of friends through his 
genial. happy temperament and 
absolute integrity. 

Major Brennan has given of his 
talents and ability freely to the state, 
never having an office for which he 
received pay for personal service. 
For many years he was one of the 
three trustees of the state library; 
since 1899 he has been a member of 
the state board of charities and cor- 
rections and he has also held many 
other important town and state offices. 


The Granite Monthly 

However, he has never permit ted his 
name to be used as a political candi- 
date for any office except that of rep- 
resentative from his own town. 

He was the first, and subsequently 
for many years, has been re-elected 
historiographer of the American-Irish 
Historical Society and was the first 
and has been historiographer of the 
Peterborough Historical Society since 

reation is travel and he has toured 
extensively in this country and in 

William J. Aiiern 
William J. Ahem of Ward Nine, 
Concord, is best known in the House 
of Representatives, where he just 
completed his eleventh term, as the 
man who keeps the wheels of legisla- 

■ ... 







v . 




. ■ J>^ 

William J. Ahern 

its organization. He has been chair- 
man of the executive committee of the 
Peterborough board of trade since its 
organization. In 1913 Governor Sam- 
uel D. Felker appointed him a member 
of his staff with the rank of maj or. He 
has just been appointed, by Governor 
Keyes, a member of the newly created 
state library commission. 

He was never married: in religious 
belief is a Catholic. His favorite rec- 

tive machinery turning in spite of 
parliamentary obstacles that some- 
times intervene. "Billy," as he is 
affectionately termed, is a leader on 
the Democratic side and, although a 
ready debater, he seldom takes the 
floor except when it is necessary "in 
order to facilitate business." He has 
been, for years, a member of the im- 
portant committee on appropriations, 
serving as its chairman in 1913. 

The N. II. Lcqislalure of 1917 


Mr. Ahern has held many positions 
of public trust and importance. At 
the present time he is the efficient 
secretary of the board of charities and 
corrections. He has served as county 
commissioner, sheriff and jailer. Al- 
ways ready and willing to be of per- 
sonal service to the members of the 
General Court, "-Billy" has achieved 
a great degree of deserved popularity. 

for many terms and when New Hamp- 
shire's state debt is contrasted with 
that of other Xcw England states the 
value of his services will be better 

Mr. French has been a member of 
the Senate, was a delegate to the con- 
stitutional convention in 1912, was 
collector of internal revenue from 18S9 
to 1893 and a railroad commissioner 







James E. French 

James E. Fbench 
James E. French of Moulton- 
borough, chairman of the appropria- 
tions committee and better known as 
"The Watch Dog of the Treasury," 
has just completed his fourteenth 
term as a member of the House of 
Representatives, so that, in point of 
service, he outranks any man in the 
House. Mr. French has headed the 
important appropriations committee 

from 1879 to 1883. In his own town 
he has held many important offices, 
serving as moderator and town treas- 
urer . for thirty-nine years, retiring 
this last spring, at which time his 
fellow townsmen presented him with 
a substantial testimonial of their ap- 
preciation and regard. " Uncle Jim" 
is; surely the best known individual 
in the House, and has been for a long 
series of years. 


The Granite Monthly 

Col. John H. Bartlett 
Col. John EL Baulett, Republican 
representative from Ward Two, 
Portsmouth, was one of the strongest 
members on the majority side of the 
House. As an orator and debater he 
had no equal in the General Court 
and his speech in favor of the Boston 
& Maine Railroad reorganization 
measure was not only the gem of all 
oratorical efforts during- the session 

prominently as a candidate for Con- 
gress in the first district to fill the 
vacancy caused by the death of the 
veteran Congressman Sulloway, but 
he refused to be considered, preferring 
to cast his aspirations towards guber- 
natorial honors. He was aide-de- 
camp, with the rank of colonel, on 
the staff of Governor John Me Lane; 
was postmaster of Portsmouth under 
Presidents McKinley and Roosevelt; 

Col. John H. BartJett 

of 1917, spelled success for the 
bill. He sponsored, fought for and 
obtained the passage of a fifty-four 
hour law for women and minors, a 
child welfare law, a law removing 
the criminal record of juveniles and 
the Portsmouth-Kittery bridge bill. 
He was a member of the committee 
on judiciary, where his keen legal 
mind proved of material assistance 
in the committee deliberations. 

Colonel Bartlett is a truly progres- 
sive Republican. He was mentioned 

Republican candidate for United 
States Senator in 1913, and'the pre- 
siding officer, of the Republican State 
convention in 1916. 

Colonel Bartlett came to the Gen- 
eral Court free from and untrammeled 
by any corporation law connections, 
having resigned all such connections 
previous to the last political campaign. 
His strong personality, courageous 
steadfastness to principle and attrac- 
tive personality would make Colonel 
Bartlett one of the strongest candi- 

The X. H. LemsMure of 1917 


dates for governor that the Republi- 
can party could pur forth. 

The subject of this sketch was born 
at Sunnpee, X. EL, March 16, 1869, 
the son of John Z. and Sophronia A. 
Bartlett. His early education was 
received at Colby Academy, and he 
graduated from : Dartmouth College 
with the class of 1894. • Shortly after 
leaving college he was principal of 
the Portsmouth High School and in 

Robert C. Mtjrchie 
Robert C. Murehie of Ward Three, 
Concord, was one of the youngest 
members of the House of Representa- 
tives and a leader on the Democratic 
side. Although young in point of 
years, "-Bob," as he is termed by his 
friends, has had considerable experi- 
ence in the game of politics, he having 
been elected solicitor of Merrimack 
Count V for two terms, serving four 


Robert C. Murehie 

1898 began the practice of law in that 
city. On June 4, 1900, he married 
Agnes Page of Portsmouth and they 
have one son, Calvin Page Bartlett. 

Colonel Bartlett is affiliated with 
the Masons, Elks. Knights of Pythias 
and Patrons of Husbandry. ■ He is 
also a member of the following clubs: 
Warwick, Portsmouth Athletic Club, 
Piscataqua Yacht Club, Portsmouth 
Country Club and is a member of the 
Amoskeag Veterans. In religious 
affiliations he is a Methodist. 

years as secretary of the Democratic 
state committee and being at present 
the member of the Democratic Na- 
tional Committee from New Hamp- 

Serving his first term in the legis- 
lature, he proved an efficient and 
valuable member of the judiciary 
committee and his wide knowledge of 
politics made him useful as a member 
of the committee on elections. He 
is a ready debater and his eloquence, 
often proven during political cam- 


The Granite Monthly 

paigns, was used to advantage several 
times during the session on the floor 
of the House. 

Mr. Murehie Is an able lawyer, with 
an extensive practice throughout the 
state. He received his prelimi- 
nary education in this city and after 
graduating from the Concord High 
School he attended the University of 

have resided in the Capital City. Mr. 
Murehie is unmarried, a Protestant, 
and is affiliated with the Elks. He is a 
member of several local clubs. By 
reason of his high ability and unfailing 
courtesy and kindness he proved as- 
popular in the legislative halls as he 
has always been among the people of 
his home city. 



'i-:^.^Aiu.,~- . -. •■•'iU :.. - ■ .. -• „■■:-.-■ 

William Rockwell Clough 

Michigan at Ann Arbor, receiving 
his degree of LL. B. from the law 
department of that institution in 1909. 
He returned to this city and was 
admitted to practice before the New 
Hampshire bar. In 1911 he was 
made a partner in the firm of Remiek 
& Hollis, and upon the dissolution of 
that firm in 1912 became a member 
of the firm of Hollis & Murehie. 

Mr. Murehie was born in Creetown, 
Scotland, on January 22, 1885, the 
son of William and Agnes J. (Kellie) 
Murehie. His parents came to 
Concord in 1888 and since that time 

William Rockwell Clough 
William Rockwell Clough, repre- 
sentative from Alton, was one of 
the leading figures on the Republican 
side of the House at the recent session 
of the legislature. He served as 
chairman of the'eommittee on national 
affairs, and was well qualified for 
the important post for, in 1897 and 
1899 when he was also a member of the 
the House, he was assigned the same 
position. This year he was the re- 
cipient of many congratulations for 
being instrumental in getting Am- 
bassador Naon of Argentina to ad- 

The X. H. Legislature of 1917 


dress the House on the important 

s -inject of the "Expansion of Trade 
delations with South America. " As 
a member of the eorarnittee on rail- 
roads, Mr. Clough also took part in 
the deliberations on the Boston k 
Maine reorganization measure which, 
was reported favorably by the com- 
mittee and passed House and Senate 
in record time. 

William Rockwell Clough was born 
in Manchester, the son of John Ches- 
ley and Lydia (Jones) Clough. His 
early education was received in the 
district schools of Alton and at Frank- 
lin Academy, Dover, N. H., and he 
later graduated from the Eastman 
'Business College at Poughkecpsie, 
N. Y. In 1875 he entered business at 
Newark, X. J., as a manufacturer 
of his patent miniature corkscrews, 
and in 1S92 moved his business to 
Alton where it has been developed 
through the ability of Mr. Clough 
until it now boasts an output of 
300,000 gross annually. Indeed Mr. 
Clough is the world's leading manu- 
facturer of wire corkscrews, the parent 
industry having grown and expanded 
until now, by the use of automatic 
machinery, the output has been in- 
creased to the amount above men- 

Mr. Clough served in the Civil 
War with the Fiftieth Massachusetts 
Regiment and is past commander of 
Company H, N. G. S. N. Y. He 
is also a member of the Ancient and 
Honorable Artillery Company of Bos- 

In fraternal affiliations Mr. Clough 
is a 32d degree Scottish Rite Mason 
and member of the Commandery 
and Shrine. He is a member of the 
American Society of Mechanical En- 
gineers and the Home Market Club. 
He also is a member of the Algonquin 
Club of Boston and the Masonic Club 
of New York City. 

In 1904 Mr. Clough married Nellie 
Place of Alton and they have two 
children, a son and daughter. In 
religion he is a Universalrst. Mr. 
Clough has always endeavored to 

serve his native town in the same gen- 
erous way which he has the stale and 
the nation. He adopted the 8-hour 
day in his work years ago voluntar- 
ily, not by request, has served on the 
Alton Board of Education., has been 
justice of the local police court and 
represented the town at three sessions 
of the legislature. He is a true 
gentleman of the old school. His 
keen business judgment, which as- 
sisted him in building up his present 
manufacturing establishment, cannot 
be questioned; His unfailing cour- 
tesy and willingness to serve in any 
capacity made him very popular 
among the members of the last 
General Court and the many friends, 
whom he made there, all hope that 
he will return two years hence to 
again head the committee on. national 

Ma j. Charles E. Tilton 
Charles E. Tilton, representative 
from Tilton, comes from a notable 
family of Democrats, so it is not 
surprising that he is one of the most 
prominent of the state's younger 
members of this party. He has 
just completed his third term as a 
member of the House and his second 
as a member of the most important 
committee on judiciary. 

His career in politics has been of 
a rather meteoric nature. In 1912 
he acted as clerk of the Democratic 
State Convention and at that time 
was nominated as a candidate for 
Presidential Elector. The same year 
he was elected a member of the Gen- 
eral Court. During his first term 
as representative he was a member 
of the committee on revision of the 
statutes and chairman of the Belknap 
County Delegation. Shortly after 
he was made a member of the staff 
of Governor Samuel D. Felker, with 
the rank of major. At the last 
Democratic State Convention Mr. 
Tilton was elected chairman and he 
. filled the post with dignity and ef- 
fectiveness. He was also a delegate 
to the National Democratic Conven- 


The Granite Monthly 

tion and treasurer of the Democratic 
State Convention in 1916. 

When the Vacancy was caused in the 
First Congressional District by reason 
of the death of the veteran congress- 

Modest and unassuming, coura- 
geous, steadfast in his principles, 
and popular among his associates 
and the public at large, Mr. Tiiton 
has before him a useful and honorable 
career in business aud in politics. 

Walter G. Perry 
Walter G. Perry. Republican repre- 
sentative from Ward One, Keene, was 
born on June 13, 1874, at Fitzwilliam, 
X. H., the son of Calvin B. and Julia 
E. Perry. His early education was 
received in the public schools and 
after that the school of experience put 
the finishing touches on the education 
of Mr. Perry who is now located in 
business at Keene, the president of 
the Peerless Casualty Company of 
that city, an accident and health 
insurance company doing a large 
business in the New England, Cen- 
tral and Southern states. 

Mr. Perrv was a member of the 

Mfij. Charles E. Til ton 

man, Cyrus A. Sulloway of Manches- 
ter, it was only natural that Mr. Tiiton 
should be prominently mentioned 
for this high office and, although he 
failed of nomination at the recent 
Democratic convention held in Man- 
chester, he nevertheless received a 
highly complimentary vote on each 
ballot, running second only to the 
nominee of the convention. 

Mr. Til ion was born in the town 
named in honor of his father, the 
late Charles E. Tiiton. on May 6, 
1887. He was educated at St. Paul's 
School in Concord, Harvard Uni- 
versity and the Massachusetts Insti- 
tute of Technology. He is now en- 
gaged in the study of law. He is a 
-32d degree Mason, Knight Templar 
and Shriner, member of the Harvard, 
Technology and University Clubs 
of Boston, and in religious belief is 
an Episcopalian. Mr. Tiiton is 
married and has two sons. 

H; ...,_. •. ■ ■ ... ;- - ■ 

Walter G. Perry 

committee on insurance in the House 
and although this was his first ex- 
perience as a member of the General 
Court there is no doubt that he would 
become, with experience, even as 

The N. H. Legislature of 191? 


successful a legislator as he ha 
au insurance official. 

Mr. Perry is unmarried and his 
fraternal affiliation.- include several 
Masonic bodies, the Odd Fellows, 
Red Men and Elks. 
views he is a Unitarian 


In his religious 

George A. Wood 
George A. Wood of Ward Two, 
Portsmouth, has been for the past 

appeal to the members in behalf of 
suffrage for women. 

Mr. Wood was born in South 
Acworth on August 24, 1862, and 
received his early education there 
and at Vermont Academy, in Saxtons 
River, Vt. He is married and has 
four children, his wife, Mary I. 
Wood being well known in this state 
and- in the nation as a leader in 
Woman's club work and also as an 





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George A. Wood 

two sessions one of the leading Repub- 
licans of the House of Representa- 
tives. Two years ago he was a mem- 
ber of the committee on revision of 
statutes and also of the standing 
committee on engrossed bills, and he 
received the same appointments at 
this session, being chairman of the 
last named committee. Again this 
year he was found in the forefront 
fighting for the measure which was 
introduced for the purpose of allowing 
women to vote for presidential electors 
and in municipal affairs, and once 
more he made an able and eloquent 

ardent believer in and worker for the 
cause of equal suffrage. 

In municipal affairs Mr. Wood has 
always taken a great interest, and he 
was a member of the board of alder- 
men in Portsmouth for two years. 
For many years he was deputy col- 
lector of internal revenue at Ports- 
mouth, beginning this work under 
his father, the late Col. James A. 
- Wood of Acworth, who, for years, 
was one of the prominent leaders of 
the Republican party in this state. 
At the present time he is engaged in 
the real estate and insurance business 


The Granite Monthly 

in Portsmouth. He is a Unitarian; 
a member of the Odd Fellows, Royal 
Arcanum and the Warwick and Paul 
Jones clubs of Portsfeoouth. 

Mr. Wood is a popular member of 
the House, efficient and helpful in 
committee work, and a ready debater 
on the floor, his easy flow of language 
and keen sense of humor and ready 
wit making him a particularly effec- 
tive speaker. 

. .„ .......... 

Hon. Frank Huntress 

Frank Huntress of Keene, one of 
the state's leading Republicans, was 
highly deserving of the place of honor 
which he held in "Statesman's Row" 
at the recent session of the legisla- 
ture, for few members of the House 
have had a more varied or useful 
career in politics and public life. In 
just recognition of the worth of his 
services Mr. Huntress was given a 
post on the important judiciary com- 
mittee where his keen judgment and 
business acumen were highly appre- 
ciated. His voice was rarely, if ever, 
heard on the floor in debate, but he 
was always present in his seat and little 
of business escaped his attention. 

Mr. Huntress was born in Lowell, 
Mass., February 7, 1847, and was 
educated at Phillips Andover Acad- 
emy. His business endeavors since 
that time have been so successful 
that today he is the head of a chain 
of dry goods stores doing a large 
business in Keene and other cities. 
Fie is married and has four children. 
He is affiliated, in a fraternal way, 
with several orders, being a 32d 
degree Mason and Shriner, a Red 
Man, Elk and Patron of Husbandry. 

He was a "member of the House 
of Representatives in 1907, 1909 
and 1911 when he was chairman of 
the very important committee on 
appropriations. In 1913 he w r as a 
member of the State Senate and 'in 
1915 and 1916 was a member of 
Governor Spaulding's council. 

Bartholomew F. McFIugh 
Bartholomew F. McIIugh, Demo- 
crat, representative from the town of 
Gorham, was the leading man in the 
election in his town last November, 
not only receiving more votes than 
any other man of either party on the 
representative ticket, but more than 
were cast for the candidates of his 
party for governor and representative 
in Gongress. 

Mr. MeHugh was born more than 
fifty years ago in the town which he 
represents, his parents, John Me- 
Hugh and Jane O'Malley, having 
emigrated here from Clifton, County 
Galway, Ireland, in 1S50. Although 
taking due pride in his sturdy Irish 
parentage, he is no hyphenated 
American, but is a /thorough-going 
adherent of the doctrine of ''America 
first," and will ever be found sup- 
porting such measures as make for 
the welfare and safety of this, his 
native land. 

He was educated in the Gorham 
schools and in his youth studied law 
for a time in the office of M. A. Hast- 
ings, now and for many years clerk 
of the court for the County of Coos, 
but then a practicing attorney in 
Gorham. Changing his plans, he 

The X. H. Legislature of 1917 


left the law and learned the trade of a 
machinist, and was for a time in 
charge of a machine shop at Troy, 
X. V,, subsequently i emoving to Fitch- 
burg, Mass., where he was similarly 
engaged for some time but relin- 
quished the work to go into the 
insurance business in Fitchburg, and 
conducted an agency there, repre- 
senting fire, life and accident lines, 
for five years. Seeking a more active 

his home in Gorham since engaging in 

Few members of the House, in their 
first year, have ever made a better 
record for effective service, than has 
Mr. McHugh during the session just- 
closed. Although assigned to the 
committee on fisheries and game 
whose duties generally require time 
and attention, he had charge, in the 
House, of the bill providing for a re- 


Bartholomew F. McHugh 

field for his energies he disposed of 
this business and entered upon the 
life of a commercial traveler, being 
engaged for some years with the 
firm of C. A. Cross & Co., selling tea 
and coffee. He put the celebrated 
"Red Cross" coffee on the market, 
to which brand he gave the name. 
Five years ago he became associated 
with Martin L. Hall & Co., of Bos- 
ton, the oldest coffee house in the 
country, founded in 1831, and con- 
tinues this connection, having made 

survey of the boundary line between 
this state and Maine, and, keeping 
in touch all the while with the Maine 
government; which enacted a similar 
measure, he supported it in committee 
and on the floor, and carried it 
through, with an -appropriation of 
S3, 000 for the expenses of the commis- 
sion. He also spoke effectively 
against the bill taxing savings bank 
deposits outside the state, and the 
same was killed; but came back 
with an amendment removing ob- 


The Granite Man thin 

jectionable features and was finally 

Mr. McHugh owes his personal 

popularity and success, in large 
measure, to his remarkable memory, 
and his wonderful gifts as a story- 
teller and conversationalist. He 
bears a strong personal resemblance 
to William J. Bryan, in which fact he 
■probably takes due pride. 

the third time Mr. Lee served as a 
member of the committees on state 
hospital, and ways and means. As 
a member of the latter committee he 
was particularly interested this last 
session in the measure which origi- 
nated with the tax commission and 
which was designed to prevent tax 
dodging by automobile owners by 
issuing permits for registration in. the 


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William A. Lee 

William A. Lee 
William A. Lee. representative from 
Ward Eight, Concord, is one of the 
most active Democrats in the House. 
He has just completed his third term 
as a representative and his experience 
at former sessions, combined with a 
large amount of good '"horse sense" 
and business acumen, made him an 
invaluable member. He has ideas on 
many varieties of legislation and, 
better than that, he is never back- 
ward about speaking his mind on the 
floor in plain, forcible English. For 

cities and towns. Largely through 
the instrumentality of Mr. Lee the 
measure passed the House but was 
killed in the Senate without much 
investigation or discussion. 

Mr. Lee is a native of Concord, born 
April 10. 1862, He was educated in 
the public schools of his native city 
after which he learned the plumber's 
trade in which he is now engaged as 
a plumbing and heating contractor. 
In addition to his services to the state 
as a member of the General Court, 
Mr. Lee has been active in the affairs 

The N. H. Legislature of 191 


of the Capital City. He served the 
city under the old charter as a mem- 
ber of the common council for two 
years, an alderman tor six years and 
a member of the board of assessors for 
ten years. 

Mr. Lee married Josephine Kelley 
of Nqrthfield, Vt., and they have one 
son. He is a Roman Catholic in 
religion and has no fraternal affilia- 

Prof. Charles F. Emerson 
Charles Franklin Emerson, Re- 
• publican representative from the town 
of Hanover, has completed his second 
term as a member of the General 
Court. At the recent session he was 
made chairman of the committee on 
education and was also assigned to 
the committee on public health, of 
which he was chairman in 1915. 

Mr. Emerson was born in Chelrns- 
ford, Mass., September 28, 1843, son 
of Owen and Louisa (Butterfield) 
Emerson. He prepared for college 
at Westford Academy, Westford, 
Mass., under Mr. John D. Long, who 
was afterwards governor of Massa- 
chusetts and later secretary of the 
United States Navy, and at Appleton 
Academy, New Ipswich, X. H. For 
nearly three years before he entered 
college, Mr. Emerson taught district 
and private schools in Massachusetts. 
He matriculated at Dartmouth 
College in February, 1865, and re- 
mained with that institution of learn- 
ing until 1913. He received a diploma 
from the college in July, 1868, and 
was immediately appointed instruc- 
tor in gymnastics. He was also in- 
structor in mathematics in the New 
Hampshire College of Agriculture 
and the Mechanic Arts, which insti- 
tution was at that time connected 
with Dartmouth College. He was 
tutor in mathematics in Dartmouth 
from 1868 to 1872. In the latter year 
he was appointed associate professor 
of natural philosophy and mathe- 
matics in Dartmouth and in 1878 
was promoted to Appleton professor 
of natural philosophy, which position 

beheld until 1S99. He taught astron- 
omy in Dartmouth from 1877 to 1892. 
The trustees of the college appointed 
him dean of the Academic faculty in 
1893 but he continued to teach until 
1899 when the work of the dean's 
office had so increased as to demand 
his whole time. ' For the next twenty 
years his entire attention was de- 
voted to administrative work. On 
July 1, 1913, Mr. Emerson retired 
from active service for the college in 
conformitv with a rule of the trustees 

Charles F. Emerson 

which limits active service for any 
member of the faculty to the age of 
seventy years, and he was made dean 
emeritus. He had then completed 
forty-five years of service to the col- 
lege, the longest record, at that time, 
of service held by any one person at 
that institution. During his connec- 
tion with Dartmouth College nearly 
5,000 graduates received their diplo- 

Mr. Emerson became a fellow of 
the American Association for Advance- 
ment of Science in 1875 and a life 
member of this society in 1898. 


The Granite Monthly 

In 1875 he married Miss Caroline 
Flagg of North Che hvisford, Mass., and 
they have two daughters, Miss Martha 
Flagg. Librarian of t he State College at 
Durham, and Mrs. Emily Sophia, wife 
of Prof. Edmund E. Day, of Harvard. 

Aside from being supervisor of the 
check-list at Hanover for fifteen years 
Mr. Emerson had not held public 
office until his town elected him a rep- 
resentative in November. 1914, and 

sod recalled by name even though his 
past acquaintance had been but slight. 
He is affiliated with the Alpha Delta 
Phi college fra t emit v and is a mem- 
ber of the Church of Christ at Dart- 
mouth College. His favorite recrea- 
tion is golf. 

George W. Barnes 
George W. Barnes, Republican 
representative from the town of Lvme, 

1 i 


George W. Barnes 

reelected him in November, 191(3. 
Mr. Emerson's career as a legislator 
has been marked by the same high 
loyalty^ to the best interests of his 
state that was so apparent in his career 
as an educator. He has made a host 
of friends aside from the Dartmouth 
men of the House who, of course, look 
upon him as a guide and mentor. # His 
faculty for remembering faces, often- 
times noted by men of Dartmouth, 
was also remarked upon this session 
by former members whom Air. Emer- 

has just completed his second term as 
a member of the General Court. 
This year he was chairman of the 
committee on public improvements, 
and as it is the duty of this committee 
to handle a large number of bills, in- 
cluding road measures, the position 
occupied by Mr. Barnes entailed a 
considerable amount of work of im- 
portance. He presided over the de- 
liberations with tact and guided the 
affairs in a manner expeditious and 
highly satisfactory. 

The X. H. Legislature of 1917 


Mr. Barnes was born on March 18, 
1866, at Lyme, X. II., the son of 

Hiram and Esther (Gillette) Barnes. 
His early education was received in 
the public schools of Lyme and at the 
St. Johnsbury (Yt.) Academy. In 
1887 he entered business in Boston, 
Mass.. and in 189J took up farming 
in the town of his birth. Since that 
time he has divided his time about 
equally between Lyme and Boston. 
He is now executor and trustee of the 
Amos Barnes and Herbert Barnes 
estates, with an office in Boston, but 
he maintains his home and farm, at 
Lyme. He is a director of the Con- 
necticut and Passumpsic Rivers Rail- 

It generally holds that a member 
of the legislature from a Xew Hamp- 
shire town has been actively inter- 
ested, at some time or other, in the 
affairs of the town which he is sent to 
represent and no exception can be 
made to this in the case of Mr. Barnes 
for he was a member of the school 
board for two years and for seven 
years has been a selectman, being 
chairman of the board at the present 
time. He is also a trustee of the town 
trust funds. He served in the legis- 
lature of 1915 and at that time gained 
an insight into legislative affairs that 
has proved useful to him this session. 

On December 25, 1897, Mr. Barnes 
was married to Laura A. Smith of 
Hanover. He is a member of the 
New Hampshire Grange, the Xew 
Hampshire Historical Society and the 
Boston City Club. Tn religion he is 
a member of the Methodist Episcopal 
Church. • - 

George A. Fairbanks 
George A. Fairbanks, representa- 
tive from Newport, was particularly 
prominent at the recent session of 
the legislature by reason of the fact 
that he was chairman of the House 
committee on railroads which con- 
ducted the hearings on the important 
Boston & Maine reorganization 
measure. His ability and fairness 
in this capacity ^ were immediately 

recognized. He was also a member 
of the committee on banks. 

George A. Fairbanks was born 
in Newport, March 2-1, 18(33, the son 
of George H. and Helen M. (Norris) 
Fairbanks. His early education was 
received in the grammar schools of 
Newport and at the Newport High 
School, from which institution he 
graduated in 1881, after which he 
attended Tilton. Seminary. In 1SS5 
he entered business at Newport as a 
merchant. In 1899, in company with 



George A. Fairbanks 

Mr. Dow, he bought the Granite 
State Miils, located at Guild, where 
he is engaged in the manufacture of 
woolens which are shipped to all parts 
of this country and South America. 
Mr. Fairbanks is a Republican, 
and in 19 16 was nominated as one 
of the presidential electors. He has 
always been alive to the best interests 
of his native town and state. For 
twelve years lie has been a member of 
the school board of Newport. He 
is president of the Citizens National 
Bank of that town and a trustee of 
the _Carrie| F. Wright Hospital of 


The Gran id Monthly 

Newport and the Tilton Seminars 
of Tilton. 

In fraternal affiliations, Mr. Fair- 
hanks is a Mason, past high priest, 
and Shriner. He is a Methodist in 
religion. On October 22, 1885, he 
was married at Newport to Margaret 
xV. Gilmore and they have three 
children, Mrs. Helen F. Redfield of 
Manchester, X. H., and Miss Marian 
S. and Harold G. Fairbanks who re- 
side at home. 

Andrew J. Hook 

Andrew Jackson Hook, representa- 
tive from Warner, holds an enviable 
position of prominence in his home 
town for he has been linked insepa- 
rably with the town and its affairs and 
development for over two decades. 
Mr. Hook is not a native of the town 
he represents as he was born in Corn- 
ish, in that section of the town now 
included in Corbin's Park, on Decem- 
ber 7, 1864, the only son of Moody 
and Eliza B. (Carroll) Hook, who 
were both natives of Croydon. 

Duty to his parents demanded that 
he spend the early years of his young 
manhood aiding in the work of con- 

ducting the paternal farm, so his 
earl}' education was provided by the 
district schools of the town of Cornish. 
Later Mr. Hook went to Manchester 
where he took a business course at the 
Bryant & St rat ton Business College, 
from which institution he graduated 
in 1885. 

Following his graduation lie en- 
tered the employ of A. C. Carroll & 
Son, general merchants, at Warner 
with whom he remained six years. 
He then leased and managed the 
Kearsarge Hotel in Warner for one 
year, after which he engaged in the 
retail grain business for seven years. 
In 1898 Mr. Hook was appointed 
postmaster of the town of Warner 
and by reappointments held this 
position until 1916. At present he 
maintains a general business and 
financial office in the central part of 
the town where he operates in lumber 
and real estate on a rather extensive 
scale and conducts the only insurance 
agency in town, representing seven- 
teen companies. He is a trustee of 
the Sugar River Savings Bank of 
Newport and agent for the Citi- 
zens National Bank, also of New- 

In politics he has always been a 
staunch Republican, and has held 
nearly every town office available. 
He has been a selectman, town clerk, 
member of the high school committee 
and is at present town treasurer, which 
office he has held for the past twenty 

In spite of his busy business life 
Mr. Hook has found time for lodge 
work as he is a member of every 
division of Masonry in the state, in- 
cluding the 32d degree and the Order 
of the Mystic Shrine, and has filled 
all the chairs in the Blue Lodge. He 
is also a member of the Grange and is 
at present secretary of the New Hamp- 
shire Grange Life Insurance Associa- 

In 1888 Mr. Hook took for his wife 
Florence Bell Colby of Warner, a 
cousin of ex-Governor Walter Harri- 
man, and Mr. and Mrs. Hook occu- 

The X, II. Legislature of 191? 


j.v a beautiful and substantial home 
jrj Warner which was built to ac- 
cord with their own tastes a few 
rears ago. 

Generous with his extraordinary 
business ability to the town, county 
and state, Mr. Hook has likewise been 
unselfish with his talents as he has 
been church chorister for the Baptist 
and Congregational churches in 
Warner, giving ten years of his serv- 
ices in this capacity to' each church. 
The study of nature in his native 
state has been the form of recreation 
most appealing to him. 

Although this session of the Gen- 
eral Court is the first of which Mr; 
Hook has been a member, his position 
as postmaster of Warner rendering 
him ineligible to serve during the 
sessions of the previous eighteen 
years, that his worth was recognized 
is evidenced by the fact that he was 
appointed chairman of the important 
committee on liquor laws. In this 
capacity he rendered invaluable serv- 
ice and his speech in favor of prohi- 
bition was one of the best of the 
session. He was also a member of 
the committee on insurance and 
served as chairman of the Merrimack 
County delegation. 

Dr. Ervin W. Hodsdon 
Ervin W. Hodsdon, M. D., Repub- 
lican representative from the town 
of Ossipee, has just completed his 
second term in the House. This 
year he was chairman of the committee 
on state hospital and a member 
of the committee on public health, 
as he was two years ago. Doctor 
Hodsdon is one of the quiet, unas- 
suming members whose voices are 
seldom, if ever, heard on the floor 
in debate, but who accomplishes 
much in the committee rooms. Doc- 
tor Hodsdon's general knowledge, 
combined with his legislative experi- 
ence of two years ago, made him an 
invaluable member of both the impor- 
tant committees on which he served. 
He was born in Ossipee on Aoril 
8, 18G3, the son of Edward P. and 

Emma B. (Demeritt) Hodsdon. His 
early education was received in the 
district schools of his native town, 
and he prepared for college at Dover 
High School and Phillips Exeter 
Academy. In 18S4 he graduated 
from Washington University at St. 
Louis, Mo., with the degree of M. D. 
Following his graduation he served 
as an interne in the city hospital at 
St. Louis, for a period of two years, 
after which he went to Dover where 
he engaged in practice. Before re- 

Dr. Ervin W. Hodsdon 

moving to Ossipee, where he has 
lived for the past twenty-one years, 
Doctor Hodsdon also practiced in 
Center Sandwich for a short period. 
He has taken advantage of many 
opportunities to be of service to his 
native town and for three years acted 
as selectman. For twelve years he 
was a member of the school committee, 
has served as a member of the board 
of public health ever since he has 
been in Ossipee, has been town clerk, 
and for seventeen years was postmas- 
ter. He also held the position of 
medical referee of Carroll County 


The Granite Monthly 

for a period of ten year.- and has been 
physician to the Carroll County farm. 
Doctor Hodsdon married Alary L. 
Price recently. He is a Methodist 
and affiliated with the following or- 
ganizations: Masons, Red Men, 
Knights, of Pythias, Grange. A. O. 
U. W. and is a past master in all of 
them. He belongs to the New Hamp- 
shire Medical Society and the Ameri- 
can Medical Association. The doc- 

His early education was received at, 
Canaan Union Academy and at Tilton 
Seminary. He then attended Boston 
University Law School and later read 
law with the Hon. George W. Murray 
at Canaan. He has been admitted 
to practice before the bars of New 
Hampshire and Massachusetts. 

Air. Shaw has had varied experien- 
ces in business which have aided in 
giving him a breadth and scope of 

William Edward Shaw 

tor's favorite recreation 
lection of post stamps. 

is the col- 

William E. Shaw 
William Edward £haw, represent- 
ing the town of Canaan, has been a 
prominent figure in the General Court 
this session, holding the very respon- 
sible position of chairman of the 
committee on revision of statutes. 
Mr. Shaw was born in the town which 
he represented, on November 15, 1805, 
the son of Elias H. and Mary A. Shaw. 

outlook which may not be gained in 
any other way, as he was teacher, 
editor- and publisher before entering 
upon the active practice of law, in 
which profession he now enjoys an 
extensive practice in his native town 
and its environs. 

The principles of the Republican 
party have attracted Mr. Shaw to 
cast his vote for its candidates and in 
political service he has been judge of 
the Canaan municipal court and is a 
trustee of the town trust funds. He 

The N. H. Legixl'iiure of 1917 


was prominently mentioned as a 
candidate for reporter of supreme 
court derisions. 

In fraternal affiliations Mr. Shaw 
has been associated with the most 
prominent orders as he is at present 
worshipful master of Summit Lodge, 
98, A. F. & A. M.. and is past chancel- 
lor commander of S. S. Davis Lodge, 
Knights of Pythias. 

The cultivation of the fertile acres 
at ''Shaw Pines.'' his paternal estate. 
provides pleasant and profitable rec- 
reation for Mr. Shaw's leisure hours v . 

Ira Leox Evans 

Ira Leon Evans. Republican repre- 
sentative from Ward Four, Concord, 
has completed his second successive 
term as a member of the General 
Court. Two years ago he was a mem- 
ber of the committee on industrial 
school, but the assignments of 1917 
found him on two more important 
committees — labor, and ways and 
means. He has taken an active in- 
terest in the work of the session and, 
although he was never heard on the 
floor in debate, his presence was al- 
ways counted upon in the committee 
rooms where his business acumen and 
sound common sense were always re- 
lied upon. Through his instrumen- 
tality the obsolete printing commis- 
sion, with its antiquated price list, was 
done away with and the work of let- 
ting the contracts for public printing 
placed in the hands of the board of 
trustees of state institutions. 

Mr. Evans was born in Coneord on 
July 14, 1884, the son of Ira C. and 
Helen G. (Rowej Evans. His edu- 
cation was received in the grammar 
and high schools of this city. Upon 
his graduation from high school, in 
1905, he entered the business of his 
father, who was one of the best-known 
printers in the state. He continued 
in the employ of the Evans Printing- 
Company until December 3, 1910, 
when he launched the Evans Press, 
which proved one of the most suc- 
cessful print shops in the city. He 
continued this business until April 1 

of this year when he consolidated his 
business with that previously con- 
ducted by his father and the new firm 
hears the name of The Evans Printing 

On October 7, 1908, Mr. Evans 
married Ruth H. Buntin and they 
have two children, Carl and Char- 
lotte. He is a member of a large num- 
ber of local fraternal organizations 




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Ira Leon Evans 

and clubs, including the Odd Fellows, 
Rebekahs, Knights of Pythias, Sons 
of Veterans, Typographical Enion, 
White Mountain Travellers' Associa- 
tion, Concord Board of Trade, Kear- 
sarge Club, Contoocook River Im- 
provement Society and the New 
Hampshire Press Association. He 
served in the New Hampshire National 
Guard as a member of the Second 
Regiment Band. 

Franklin P. Curtis 
Franklin Pierce Curtis of Ward 
Two, Concord, is one of the very few 
Democrats of the House who were 
returned to the recent session of the 
legislature for the fourth consecutive 


The Granite Monthly 

time. At all four s&ssiqfts; Mr. Cur- 
tis ha? been a member of the com- 
mittee on agricultural college, and 
in 1915 and 1917 he was a member 

the citizens and affairs of the ward 
through his being a newspaper cor- 
respondent and reporter for many 
years and by reason of his personal 

Mr. Curtis has been active in city 
affairs, haying served two terms as 
alderman under the old city charter. 
and having been a city library trustee. 
He has been ward clerk for a period of 
over twenty years, supervisor of the 
check list, and, in 1915 and 1916, was 
clerk of the Concord district police 
court. Mr. Curtis is a member of 
Rumford Grange, P. of II. . and of 
Merrimack County Pomona Grange, 
serving the former organization, in 
the work of which he takes a strong 
interest, as secretary for several years. 

Frank D. Gay 
Frank D. Gay, Republican repre- 
sentative from the town of Hills- 
borough, was returned this year to 

Frank P. Curtis 

of the standing committee on state 
library. All the older members of 
the House know Frank Curtis and 
new members will immediately rec- 
ognize his indentity when it is re- 
called that he is the member who al- 
ways moved toward the close of the 
w r eek end session that "When the 
House adjourn this afternoon it be 
to meet on next Monday evening, 
etc.' 7 

Mr. Curtis was born on February 
12, 1856, in the Capital City, the son 
of George H. and Harriet (Lougee) 
Curtis, and is a lineal descendent of 
Capt. Ebeneezer Eastman and Capt. 
David Kimball, both among the. early 
settlers of Concord, and soldiers in 
the Colonial Wars. He received his 
early education in the public schools 
and from private tutors. His parents 
moved to East Concord when he was 
one year old and there he has resided 
since, coming in close contact with 



Frank D. G-ay 

the House of Representatives for his 
second term, and he proved fully as 
popular with the members of this 
General Court 'by reason of his un- 

The N. //. Legislature of 1917 


failing good nature and proclivities 
as a story teller as he had with the 
members two years ago. For two 
- -.--ions he has been a member of the 
committee on roads, bridges, ' and 
canals. Perhaps the greatest of 
many stunts for which he was respon- 
sible at this session of the legislature, 
was the grand demonstration of the 
citizens of the several towns along 
the proposed Contooepok valley 
highway, in this city, on the day when 
the measure carrying the appropria- 
tion for this highway came before the 
committee on public improvements 
for a hearing. Several hundred 
citizens marched from the station to 
the State House headed by a brass 

Mr. Gay was born in Hillsborough 
on July 27, 1865, and was educated 
in the town of his birth. He is a 
farmer and lumber dealer, and lias 
been street commissioner and deputy 
sheriff. He is married; is a Metho- 
dist in religion, and is affiliated with 
the Odd Fellows, lodge and encamp- 

'Bayard T. Mousley, M. D. 

Bayard T. Mousley, M.D., repre- 
sentative from Langdon. served his 
first term as a member of the House 
of Representatives and was made a 
member of the committees on for- 
estry and public health. In politics 
he is a Democrat. 

Doctor Mousle3 r was born in Orford, 
N. H., January 17, 1879, the son of 
William E. and Katherine (Quint) 
Mousley. His father came to Amer- 
ica from England in 1850 and his 
paternal grandfather was Samuel 
Mousley, an officer of the English 
arm}' who served and was wounded 
at the battle of Waterloo. 

His early education was received 
in the public schools of Orford and 
Lyme and his preparatory education 
at Kimball Union Academy and Bur- 
lington (Vt.) High School He later 
attended the University of Vermont 
and the Baltimore Medical College, 
graduating from the last named insti- 

tution in 1905. In 1906 Mr. Mousley 
began the practice of his profession 
at Alstead, but retains his residence 
at Langdon where he owns Elmcrest 
Farm and breeds pure Holstein- 
Friesian cattle. 

As a physician. Doctor Mousley 
has been highly successful in the 
treatment of the diseases of women 
and children, to which he has given 
special attention. As a farmer he 
has been just as successful in breeding 
cattle as noted above. In fact his 

Dr. Bayard T. Mousley 

favorite recreation is to wander about 
among his black and white cattle at 
Elmcrest Farm and he gets as much 
pleasure in this way as he does in his 
automobile, for Mr. Mousley is an 
enthusiastic motorist. He is a Mason, 
Knight Templar and member of the 
Eastern Star. For two years he has 
been master of St. Paul's. Lodge, 
Xo. 30, and patron of Mizpah Chapter, 
0. E. S. for four years. He is also a 
member of the* Theta Nu Epsilon 
college fraternity and is a member of 
Coid River Club. ' 

In 1901, Mr. Mousley married 


The Granite Monthly 

Louise Chad' wick, at Hartford, Vt., 
and they have two children, a boy of 
eleven years and a daughter of four- 
teen who is a student at Kimball 
Union Academy. 

Stanley II. Abbot 
Stanley Harris Abbot, Republican 
representative from Wilton, was born 
on October 20. 1863. the son of Harris 
and Caroline (Greeley) Abbot. His 
early education was received in the 
district school and for two years he 
attended Gushing Academy. Mr. 

On November 15, 1904., Mr. Abbot 
married Mary Kimball in Munson, 

Mass., and they have seven children, 
four sous and three daughters. He 
has always been especially interested 
in music, either vocal or instrumental, 
and each member of his family plays 
a different instrument. For thirty 
years he has been connected with the 
local church choir, either as a member 
or director. He is also especially in- 
terested in forestry. He was a mem- 
ber of the committee on agriculture 
in the House of Representatives. 

i - ■ 

\ >:-. 

Stanley Harris Abbot 

Abbot is a farmer, having pursued that 
vocation at Abbot Hill, the place of 
his birth, since he was twenty years 
old, his father ha vino; died when he 
attained that age. Mr. Abbot is also 
a land surveyor. 

He has served nine years on the local 
school board and in 1901 was elected 
a director of the New England Milk 
Producers Association, and in 1905 
was made president of that organiza- 
tion, in which capa^ty he was con- 
tinued for six years. He is a Patron 
of Husbandry and is. affiliated with 
the Congregational Church. 

Harold A. Webster 

Harold A. Webster, Republican 
representative from the town of 
Holderness, and one of the more 
active of the younger Republicans at 
the recent session of the General 
Court, was not without previous 
legislative experience when he came 
to Concord the first of this year for 
he had served as member from Holder- 
ness in 1913 at which time he was a 
member of the appropriations and for- 
estry committees and also of the special 
senatorial election investigating com- 
mittee. This year he was a member of 
the important committee on appro- 

The X. H. Legislature of 1917 


priatioBS. Although his voice was 
seldom heard on the floor in debate he 
proved himself a ready speaker when 
he arose to talk in favor of the Brcn- 
nan weights and measures bill during 
the latter part of the recent session. 
In fact, the wide knowledge of this im- 
portant subject, which he displayed 
at that time, may have been one of the 
chief considerations which led to his 
recent appointment by Governor 
Keyes as State Commissioner of 
Weights and Measures, under the new 
act. • * 

Mr. Webster was born in Ashland 
on August 12) 1885, and received his 
early education in the public schools 
of Ashland and Plymouth. He after- 
wards attended the Holderness 
School for Boys and at the present 
time is assistant curator at the last 
named institution. He is a member 
of the Holderness School board and 
one of the trustees of the library. 
He is also president of the Republican 
Club of Holderness. He is unmar- 
ried and an Episcopalian. 

Orren C. Robertson 
Orren C. Robertson, Democratic 
representative from the town of Hins- 
dale, has twice been elected to the 
General Court from a strong Repub- 
lican town. In 1914 he received 310 
of the 313 votes cast and last year of 
the 363 votes cast he received all but 
one. This fact, of course, is fairly 
indicative of the high regard and es- 
teem in which Mr. Robertson is held 
by his fellow-townsmen. 

Orren C. Robertsom was born at 
Hinsdale on June 3, 1862, the son of 
George and Abbie E. Robertson. 
His early education was received in 
the district schools of his native town 
and at the Hinsdale High School. In 
1883 he became a member of the paper 
manufacturing firm of G. A. Robert- 
son & Co., which had been founded 
by his father at Putney, Yt., in 1842, 
and which was moved to Hinsdale in 
1856. He has remained a member of 
this firm since that time, and the only 
change in his business has been to 

launch the additional paper manu- 
facturing business of Orren C. Robert- 
son Co.. Inc., which he started in 1910. 
These two companies operate four 
large cylinder paper machines, manu- 
facturing toilet, paper. 

Aside from his large business in- 
terests, Mr. Robertson has found 
time to "serve his town as a selectman, 
which office he holds at the present 
time. Fe is affliated with the Odd 
Fellows and Red Men, is a member 
of the American Paper and Pulp Asso- 

Orren C. Robertson 

ciation, the Tissue Manufacturers 
Association and the Boston Paper 
Trade Association. In religious belief 
he is a Congregationalism 

On October 17, 1883, Mr. Robert- 
son married Lizzie A. Saben at Hins- 
dale and they have two daughters, 
Mrs. H. Ralph Wood of Ashuelot, 
X. H.. and Airs. Louis X. Stearns of 

In 1915, Mr. Robertson served on 
the House committee on agricultural 
college and tins year he was again a 
member of that important committee 
and in addition was a member of the 


The G ramie Monthly 

committee on banks. The town of 
Hinsdale would do well to return Ibis 
popular Democrat to the legislature 
two yf*a-rs4renee. 

Arthur E._ Dole 
Arthur E. Dole, Republican repre- 

municipal affairs, having served as a 
common councillor and member of 
the board of aldermen under ex- 
Mayors P. B. Cogswell and Henry 
Robinson. He is president of the 
Margaret Pillsbury General Hospital. 
Fraternally, Mr. Dole is a Mason, 
Knight Templar, Odd Fellow, Patron 
of Husbandry, and is a member of the 
Wonolancet Club. At this session 
of the legislature, Mr. Dole made an 
efficient chairman of the important 
committee on banks. 

He was married, on June 8, 1905. 
to Katherine Devoll at Lowell, Mass. 
Mr. Dole is a member of the South 
Congregational Church of Concord. 

John G. Winant 

John G. Winant of Ward Seven, 
Concord, an energetic and progres- 

Arthur Edward Dolo 

sentative from Ward Six, Concord, 
was born December 8, 1864, the son 
of Seth R. and Susan •(Boynton) Dole. 
His education was received in the 
public schools of the Capital City and, 
in 1881, he entered business with the 
wholesale grocery firm of Woodworth, 
Dodge & Company. In 1889 he en- 
tered the First National Bank of Con- 
cord and remained there until he was 
appointed a member of the New 
Hampshire bank commission in De- 
cember, 1904, which office he held 
until September, 1913. At the pres- 
ent time Mr. Dole is engaged in the 
sale of bonds and mortgages, repre- 
senting the National City Company 
of New York and the Putnam In- 
vestment Company of Salina, Kan., 
and Concord, N. H. 

Mr. Dole has been prominent in 


L " 

: >i 

John G. Winant 

sive young Republican, became one 
of the well-known members of the 
House during his first term as repre- 
sentative by reason of his activity in 
behalf of all legislation tending to the 
betterment of social conditions in the 
state. He fought hard for the pas- 

The X. II. Legislature of 191? 


gage of a forty-eight hour week for 
women and minors, did his best to 
xi->ist the passage of a bill abolishing 
capital punishment in this state and 
was sponsor for several measures de- 
signed to inculcate the spirit of patri- 
otism in citizens of New Hampshire. 
He was also interested in measures 
designed to improve agricultural con- 
ditions in New Hampshire. He was 
active in committee work, served as 
clerk of the committee on revision of 
statutes, and was chairman of the 
standing committee on state house 
and state house yard. 

Mr. Winant was born in New York 
City, on February 23. 1889, and after 
receiving his preliminary education 
at St. Paul's School in this city con- 
tinued his education at Harvard and 
Princeton, graduating from each of 
these universities. He returned to 
this city to become a .master at St. 
Paul's School, which position he now 
holds. Mr. Winant is unmarried and 
a member of the Protestant Episcopal 
Church. He is a member of the 
executive committee of the state 
federation of county agricultural 

Edwix D. Stevexs, M. D. 

Edwin D. Stevens, M. D., Republi- 
can representative from the town of 
Frances town, is one of the many 
country physicians of New Hamp- 
shire who have found time,, apart from 
the busy routine of their professional 
lives, to be of service to their towns 
and to the state. 

The subject of this sketch was born 
in Montgomery, Mass.. the son of the 
Rev. N. F. and Mary E. (Dearborn) 
Stevens. His education was re- 
ceived at Powers Institute. Bernard- 
ston, Mass.. Montpelier (Yt.) Semi- 
nary and at Boston University, from 
which institution he graduated with 
the class of 1895. The same year he 
went to Francestown where he began 
the practice of medicine where he is 
located today, successful and pros- 

Aside from his professional duties 

in and about the confines of his 
adopted town. Doctor Stevens has 
found opportunity to serve on the 
board of education for six years: he 
has been chairman of the board of 
public health for fifteen years, and 
tins year represented Francestown in 
the state legislature. He was a mem- 
ber of the committee on public health, 
where he was active in the work of 
passing on the merits of the legisla- 
tion which was sent to this most im- 
portant committee. 

Dr. Edwin C. Stevens 

Doctor Stevens is affiliated with 
the Masons, Eastern Star, Odd Fel- 
lows, Patrons of Husbandry, and is a 
member of the American Institute, 
the Massachusetts Surgical and Gyne- 
cological Society, Massachusetts 
Medical Society, New Hampshire 
Medical Society and the Contoocook 
Valley Medical Society. 

In 1903, Doctor Stevens married 
Annie E. Hulme, daughter of the late 
John T. Hulme who was one of the 
state's active newspaper men about 
forty years ago. In religious views, 
Doctor Stevens is a Methodist. 


The Granite Monthly 

Fred A. Rogers 

Fred A.- Rogers, representative 

from Plamfieldj and leader of the 

agriculturalists of the House, was 

one of the strong members of the 

. -^ 

Fred A. Rogers 

recent session. A Republican in poli- 
tics, Mr, Rogers never allowed his 
political affiliations to interfere with 
his best judgment and he was always 
found fighting in the forefront for 
anv measure which affected the farm- 

ers of New Hampshire in a beneficial 
manner. On the other hand he 
could be counted among those bitterly 
opposed to any measure which would 
in any small degree prove detrimental 
to the class of men whom he so ably 
represented in the lower branch of 
the state legislature. As chairman 
of the committee on agriculture and 
of the farmers' council, Mr. Rogers 
had ample opportunity to ascertain 
the wishes and desires of the agricul- 
turalists, and to his credit it may be 
said that he was most effective in 
carrying them out, for on the floor 
he was a ready and willing debater, 
his speeches being of the short, pithy 
and to-the-point variety. 

Mr. Rogers was born in Hartland, 
Vt., on September 20, 1SG6. He 
was educated at the Green Mountain 
and Perkins academies and at the 
Troy Business College. He is mar- 
ried and has eight children. In 
religion, Mr. Rogers is a Congrega- 
tionalist, and his chief fraternal affilia- 
tion is with the Patrons of Husbandry. 
Aside from serving his town as select- 
man he has used part of the extensive 
knowlege which he has acquired 
along agricultural lines for the benefit 
of New Flampshire, for he is a member 
of the advisory board of the state 
department of agriculture and also 
of the executive committee of the 
State Grange and the Sullivan County 
Agricultural Association. 


By Laurence C. Woodman 

Surer than the sunrise 
Is my love for you, 

Happy just to see you, 
All day through. 

But there always cometh 

At the end of day, 
Darkness down on lovers, 

Driving one 


Surer than the sunrise 
Is my love for you, 

Happy just to see you, 
All day through! 



By J. M. Mo set 

In my article on Sanders Point, in 
the last June number, I referred to 
the burying place, near the house of 
the first Henry Sherburne at Little 
Harbor. Any one interested in that 
will be interested in a deed which 1 
lately found in the Province Deeds, 
Vol. 65, page 340, by which Noah 
Sherburne, great-grandson of Henry, 
conveyed to Captain John Blunt, 
July 3, 1762, two acres, more or less, 
in Newcastle, bounded north and 
south on said Blunt, east by "the 
river of Little Harbor," and west by 
"the road that leads to the bridge, 
it being the piece of land where the 
Burying Ground is, and is part of the 
share which I had of my father John 
Sherburne's estate"; referring to the 
plan of the estate, which was de- 
posited in the Probate Office. 

This plan has been reproduced in 
the printed Probate Records, State 
Papers, Vol. 33, page 552. The tract 
conveyed was evidently Noah's lot 
No. 6, which contains a small lot 

marked ".Grass," this cornering on a 
minute lot that is unmarked, and 
adjoins the house lot. This tiny lot, 
I imagine, was the burying place. 

I lately made a hasty visit to the 
place, which is now mostly included 
in the Went worth Hotel golf course. 
I found no vestige of a graveyard, 
but was without notes or instruments, 
and did not know just where to look. 
Some of the walls there seem to be on 
the lines of the old plan. If so, a 
surveyor could easily locate that tiny 
lot, which probably contains the 
ashes of Ambrose Gibbons, Henry 
Sherburne, Thomas Walford and 
many others. 

If this has not been done, may we 
not hope that some Portsmouth anti- 
quarian will give the matter his 
attention, and favor the readers of 
the Granite Monthly with his 
conclusions. There should be at least 
a memorial stone, if the last rest- 
ing place of these pioneers can be 


By Edward II. Richards 

She came, a charming little maid, 

And sat beside me in the shade, 

Just as the light began to fade, 

One afternoon. 

And there, the timid little miss 

Said, "Yes," and sealed it with a kis 

And talked of future happiness, 

That clav in June. 

Long years are past and we are told 
By silver locks, that once were gold, 
And manly boys, that we are old. 
It can't be true! 
For it was only yesterday, 
Beneath that shade I heard her say, — 
"Love lives forever and a day 
'Twixt me and you." 

01 t 


By Georgiana A. Prescoti 

A subtle presence from the Orient 
proclaimed to the world: "I am the 
morning light." Darkness fled be- 
fore that wondrous and glorious 
revelation, and the slumbering world 
awoke. From an orchard near I 
heard a robin's solo, anon a mighty 
chorus choir fairly deluged the world 
with sweetest sound — praise songs 
to the Creator of life and light. 
Chanticleer sent up his prophetic- 
notes; all the little streams uttered 
aloud their paeans. "Let there be 

- light" was Divinely said at the 
genesis of the world. Shall hot man 
too render praise and gratitude for 
the gift of a new day dawn? The 
morning light penetrated the inner- 
most depths of gloom, brightened 
the confines of the prison, wherever 
there was a crevice, thither a bright 
arrowy ray softly sped. It finds 

- the floweret in the deep dark woods; 
without it there are no rainbow arches 
bridging the rivers in seven-hucd 
beauty, and no gold, amethyst or ver- 
milion upon the multiformed clouds. 
for as light draws near they ar- 
ray themselves in gorgeous hues. 

" I am the morning light. " I drink 
up the dew from the flower cups, and 
brighten the crystal beads that shine 
on the delicate laces the spider has 
wrought. All the ripening berries 
and fruits deepen their colors at 
my coming. I bring cheer to the 
storm-tossed seaman. I am wel- 
comed by the weary, sleepless watcher, 
and ' the restless patient. Heaven 
has sent me earthward. At my com- 
ing some spirits are just leaving the 
world, and some are just beginning 
their journey here. Dear old world! 
Almost of synchronal birth are you 
and I. Somehow even with your 
telescopic wonders, your bright full 
moons, and all the glittering visible 
stars, you rejoice while ten thousand 
voices shout "Hail! Hail!" at my 

Just then a mighty ball of fire 
seemed to rest upon the .sea. while 
smoke uprose from a thousand home 
fires, and I heard familiar sounds 
of daily labor. Is not light the very 
essence of the Heavenly world be- 
yond? Only the evil-doer loves the 



By Charles Poole Cleaves 

A long, low line of light — a crescent shore, 

Fringed by dark pines that neighbor to the sky. 

The undulate horizon hills, hung o'er 
With rosy sunset mist, far as the eye 

Can sink into its deep: and all the lake 
Radiant with quiet glory; till from far, 

Trailing her robes across the western wake, 

Night lifts her hand and lights the evening star. 




Samuel T. Page, born in Haverhill, Feb- 
ruary 14, 1S49, died at the Elliot Hospital in 
Manchester, April 16, 1917. 

Mr. Page was the .-on of David and Mar- 
garet (Taylor) Page, and was educated at 
Haverhill and Kimball Union Academies and 
Dartmouth College, graduating from the 
latter in 187.1. He taught school tor a time; 
read law with Cross & Burnham of Man- 
chester, and was admitted to the bar in 1874, 
iu which year he served a? private secretary 
to Governor James A. Weston. He located 
in practice in his native town, but was absent 
some time on important business in California. 
He was a member of the state legislature in 
1^77 and 1878. served eight years as register 
of probate-for Grafton County and was again 
in the legislature in 1887, being prominent 
in committee work and debate. From 1SS7 
till 1903, he was a resident of Manchester,. 
where he had acquired real estate interests, 
but returned to Haverhill, in the latter year. 
He was a member of the Franklin Street 
Congregational Church, Manchester, and 
Haverhill Grange. 

He married, October 5, 1S72, Frances M. 
Eaton, who survives him. He also leaves a 
daughter, Mrs. Grace M. Bennett of Man- 
chester; a son, Donald T. Page of Woodcliff- 
on-the-Hudson, New Jersey; and a sister, 
Mrs. Alvin Burleigh of Plymouth. 


Hiram Blake, a long-time member of the 
Cheshire County bar, and a well-known resi- 
dent of Keene, died at the Elliot City Hospi- 
tal in that city on February 8. 

Mr. Blake was a native of Rindge, son of 
Ebenezer and Ffepsibeth (Jewett) Blake, 
born February 9, 1838. He came of Revo- 
lutionary stock, being a grandson (4" Dea. 
Eleazer Blake of Rindge, a native of Wren- 
tham, Mass., who served throughout the 
War for Independence. He was educated in 
the public schools; Marlow Academy and 
Appleton Academy, New Ipswich, graduating 
from the latter in 1859. After teaching school 
for a time he entered the Albany (N. Y. ) Law 
School, from which he graduated in 1863; was 
admitted to the bar and practiced two years 
in New York City. He then went West and 
was in practice ten years in Montana, but, 
the climate not agieeing with his health, he 
returned East, and located in Keene, in 1873, 
where he continued, until his last illness, in 
successful practice, though he took an ex- 
tended vacation trip in Europe in 190 L 

Politically he was a Republican. He 
represented his ward in the legislature of 
1895-96, served several years on the school 
board, and was for some time solicitor of 
Cheshire Countv. He was an earlv member 

of the Keene Light Guard Battalion: was a 
member of the Sons of the American Revolu- 
tion, and attended the Unitarian church. He 
was one of the organizers of the Keene Nat- 
ural History Society and many years attor- 
ney for the Keene Five Cents Savings Bank 
and conducted important litigation in its 

He is survived by a brother, Amos J. Blake, 
Esq., of Fitzwilliam. 

Frank P. Andrews, president of Merrimack 
County Savings Bank, and a well-known 
citizen of Concord, died March 13, 1917, after 
a long illness. 

He was born in Newbury, June 30, 1S4S, 
son of Reuben Gile and Lydia (Bailey) 
Andrews; was educated in the common 
schools and at Colby Academy. New London, 
and had been connected with the Merrimack 
County Savings Bank in one capacity or 
another since 1872. He was a director of 
the Concord Light and Power Company, 
Mount Washington Railway Company, 
Board of Trade Building Company, and the 
State Dwelling House Insurance Company. 
In politics he was a Republican, and in 
religious belief a Congregationalist, being a 
member of the South Congregational Church 
of Concord. 

He is survived by a brother and sister,. 
Dudley B. Andrews of Wilrnot and Mrs. 
Timothy O'Connor of Boulder, Col. 

_ Elias Harlow Russell, born in Sanbornton 
eighty years ago, died in that town April 3, 
1917, after a long illness. He was educated 
• at the Woodman Academy in Sanbornton, 
New England Normal Institute, and Dart- 
mouth Medical School. His life was devoted 
to educational work in connection with 
various institutions. He was at one tune 
president of the Le Roy Academic' Institute at 
Le Roy, N. Y. He taught elocution in 
different academies and seminaries, but his 
principal life work was as principal of the 
Worcester (Mass.) Normal School, in which 
position he served with great success for more 
than thirty years. In 1902 he declined the 
presidency of Clark College at Worcester. 

Maj. Daniel II. L. Gleason, long connected 
with the U. S. Customs service at Boston, and 
prominent in G. A. R. circles, died at his 
home in Natick, Mass., April 8, 1917. 

Major Gleason was born in Langdon, N. II., 
March 23, 1841, son of Col. Joseph Gleason. 
He shipped on a sailing vessel in youth, but, 
on the outbreak of the Civil War, he entered 


The Granite Monthly 

the Union service as a member of Company 
G. First Massachusetts Cavalrv. He served 



ischarged, Sepi ember 


with the rank, of brevet-major, for woieids 
received in action. After the war Major 

Gleason was foi a time in business in Bev- 
erly; but was appointed an inspector on the 
customs force by President Grant in 1S72, 
and continued in the service in different 
positions, till death. He was commander of 
the Massachusetts Department. G. A. R., in 
1907-08; was prominent in Masonry and a. 
member of the Military Order of the Loyal 

On January 16, 1866, he married Mary E. 
Hall of Holden, Mass.. who survives, with 
two sons and two married daughters. 

Samuel F. Patterson of Concord, long super- 
intendent of bridges for the Concord and Bos- 
ton & Maine railroads in this state, died in the 
Wesley Memorial Flospital, Chicago, April 17, 
having been taken ill with pneumonia, while 
on his return from a southern trip. 

He was a native of Hopkinton, son of Joab 
and Mary Loverin Patterson, born January 
23, lS40,'and was a brother of Gen. Joab X. 
Patterson. He was educated in the public 
schools and Contoocook Academy, and served 
three years in the Civil War, attaining the 
rank of lieutenant, having previously been 
sometime in the employ of the Concord & 
Montreal Railroad. After the war he 

became a foreman of bridge work in the same 
service, and later was made superintendent. 
He had served two years as a member of the 
Concord Board of Aldermen from Ward 6, 
and was a representative in the legislature in 
1S97-9S. He was a Republican and an Odd 


John H. Vickery, a prominent citizen of 
Nashua, a Civil War veteran, and active in 
educational work, died suddenly at his home 
in that city, February 20, 1017. 

He was born September 20, IS 14, and was 
educated in the Nashua public schools. 
Enlisting in 1802. in the Tenth Xew Hamp- 
shire Regiment, he was in active duty through 
the war, serving as mounted orderly. He 
served as clerk of the Xashua Board of 
Education for twenty-two years, and was 
a member of the X"ew Hampshire House of 
Representatives in 1911, serving on the 
Committee on Education. He was a Con- 
gregationalist, and a member of Rising Sun 
Lodge, A. F. & A. M. 

In 1SG7 he married Mary A. Kedney, who 
survives him, with two daughters, Grace M. 
Hussey and Mat-tie Alice Vickery. 

It is said of Capt. Vickery that he ''lived 
a life of kindliness, and loyalty, doing each 
day the duty at hand, serving manfully and 
without selfishness, having abundant faith 
in his fellowmen, looking on the bright 
side and helping others to look that way." 


In the midst of preparations for the pros- 
ecution of the war with Germany, upon which 
the country, through the formal action of 
Congress after long forbearance,, has entered, 
the people of the first Congressional district 
of this state are now engaged in a political 
campaign over the election of a congressman 
to succeed the late Cyrus A. Sulloway, which 
bids fair to become decidedly animated 
before its culmination in the i .-lection, May 29. 
The two great parties have nominated their 
ablest men, Patrick H. Sullivan, Democrat, 
and Sherman E. Burroughs, Republican. 
Each is a speaker of force and eloquence, and 
the people of the district are likely to hear 
such a discussion of political principles and 
policies as they have not heard before in a long 
series of years. Flowever the contest may' 
result, the district may congratulate itself 
that it will be represented in the Congress of 
the United States by a man of strict personal 
integrity, high moral character, and unusual 
qualifications for effective service. 

One of the satisfactory outcomes of the 
declaration by Congress of the existence of a 
state of war between this country and Ger- 

many, and the active participation of the 
United States with the Allies in the prosecu- 
tion of hostilities against the central European 
autocracies, is the general sentiment aroused 
among the people in favor of the production of 
more foodstuffs. It is authoritatively stated 
that Xew Hampshire has not been producing, 
for some time past, more than one fourth of 
the amount of foodstuffs consumed by its 
peonle. This, if true, indicates a state of 
affairs scarcely less than disgraceful. While 
not equal in fertility to the western states, 
Xew Hampshire soil, with proper cultivation, 
is capable of producing food enough to supply 
the wants of all her people. For a long series of 
years, for instance, it. was shown by the census 
statistics that more corn per acre was raised in 
Xew Flampshire than in any other state, and 
yet in recent years even our farmers have been 
buying the bulk o'i their corn from the West. 
A little more intelligent industry at home will 
materially improve conditions. 

Difficulty in obtaining portraits has greatly 
delayed this issue. The next Issue of the 
Granite Monthly will be a double number 
for May and June. 




New Hami si ire's C< aisilmtion to Massachusetts. /*. ~. 

■SFit ■ Fn ntisr»i«rei P.Tu5frM?H 

Mary. Shepherd Baiiforth, M.D. . I "".* . 
; : Bj-J. Eiiz-L-vJh llcvt-^tt'vero. M.D. lilusuiaod • ' 

Women of the Old Testament 

By A. M. R. Cies'33 - 

Majo Easel . . Vorthen of Kensington, 5T. H. 

I •■■■'.■.■. . ' p> Worth.eri /•■.•■; 

Orthog ■' r ' ;' " tb -i " ivr *e of Cobbett's 

^■■'By ti'aHani Samuel HacrK . , .-'.." 

tfew Hampsl ' . BTecrolog/ .-' - .. , - s -r: 

= Cb#lw EI. Toby, 51- 

r*.Wa*reir, E R. Sheldrfck." Harold W 

"*•••-. ■ ~ : 


1 il-ts u! a! ■ v i HUntiliy . |I I JJ 

HENRY fi ftlETCALF. Editor arid Manage? 

5 i i< ' « 

£ 4 - J 1 






Fhe Granite Monthly 

Vol. XLIX, Xos. 5-5 

MAY-JUNE, 191'. 

Nevt Series, Vol. XII, Nos.5-t> 


Much has been written and printed 
concerning the immense contribution 
which the little state of New Hamp- 
shire has made to the country at 
large, through the lives and labors of 
the men and women who have gone 
out from her borders, rendered effi- 
cient service in the varied fields of 
human effort in all parts of the coun- 
try, contributed to the prosperity 
and progress of the Nation, brought 
credit to their native state and won 
enduring honor for themselves in so 

It has been claimed, and doubtless 
justly, that the section of New Hamp- 
shire embraced within a radius of 
twenty miles from the summit of 
Kcarsarge Mountain, in the western 
part of the county of Merrimack, has 
produced more men and women who 
have left their impress for good on 
the national character, through con- 
spicuous service in the public, pro- 
fessional, educational and business 
life of the country, than in any similar 
extent of territory in any state in the 
Union. Even a cursory examination 
of the names of prominent people who 
have gone out from this section and 
wrought conspicuously in one line of 
effort or another; and particularly in 
the public service, is sufficient to 
satisfy even the most sceptical of the 
justice of this claim. 

Within this radius were born such 
men as Daniel Webster, Levi Wood- 
bury, Franklin Pierce, Salmon P. 
Chase, William P. Fessenden, John 
A. Dix and James W. Grimes — a 
galaxy of names which no other ter- 

ritory of equal extent, and no other 
entire state can surpass or equal. 
Great lawyers, eminent statesmen, 
scholars, theologians, captains of in- 
dustry, naval heroes, merchant 
princes, poets and authors — leaders in 
every line — have gone out. from this 
region to contribute in rich measure 
to the fullness of the nation's life; 
while there has continued at home 
enough of physical vigor, intellectual 
power and moral fiber, to maintain 
the high standard that has ever char- 
acterized the people of this rugged 
section of our state. No four men in 
the last generation contributed more 
to the business and industrial devel- 
opment of the country than the Cor- 
bins of Newport — Austin and Daniel 
C. — and the Pillsburys of Sutton — 
John H. and George A. — men of the 
. Kearsarge country, as were Rear 
Admirals Belknap and Walker and 
Commodore Perkins, whose names so 
illumine the pages of our naval his- 
tory, and as, also, are Patterson and 
Clough, New Hampshire's two sur- 
viving brigadier-generals of the Civil 
War. A dozen college presidents, in- 
chiding the present and one distin- 
guished past head of Dartmouth, as 
well as the first president of the first 
female college in the North — Helen 
Peabody for thirty-seven years presi- 
dent of Western College, Oxford, 
Ohio — together with other educators 
no less eminent, like Prof. James W. 
Patterson, statesman and orator as 
well, Gen. John Eaton, long U. S. 
Commissioner of Education, and 
Lydia Fowler Wadleig-h, founder of 



New Hampshire's Contribution to Massachusetts 


the New York Normal College for 

girls, all had their origin within the 
boundary named; as did more than 
:• dozen governors — one for. Vermont 
still living and active though well past 
fourscore years — Samuel E. Pingree, 
native of Salisbury — as many United 
States senators, twice as many con- 
gressmen, and supreme court justices 
in goodly number. Here, too, were 
reared, Sarah J. Hale, Constance 
Feimimorc Woolson, Augusta Cooper 
Bristol and Augusta Harvey Worthen, 
whose names in the literary world, 
though outshone by that of the 
"sweet singer of our northern hills" 
— Edna Dean Proctor — here also "to 
the manner born," have long held 
high rank; and here were born Amer- 
ica's greatest female composer, whose 
fame has vet scarcely reached its 
zenith— Mrs. II. H. A* Beach (Amy 
Marcy Cheney) ; Marion McGregor, 
the famous organist of Berkley Tem- 
ple for a quarter of a century, and the 
pioneer missionary to the Hawaiian 
Islands — Melvina Chapin Rowell. 

It was not, however, the contri- 
bution of New Hampshire at large, 
or of the Kearsarge region in particu- 
lar, to the country in general that this 
article was planned to consider: but 
rather the contribution, or contingent, 
which the adjoining state of Massa- 
chusetts has drawn therefrom. It is 
but a repetition of a chapter of an- 
cient history, to many, when it is 
affirmed, as it has often been, that a 
large share of the men in public, pro- 
fessional and business life in the sta f e 
of Massachusetts, who have won 
marked success in the various lines of 
activity in which they have been 
engaged, were born or reared in the 
Granite State. Towering above all 
contemporary names in the annals of 
the state, and second to none in any 
period, is that of Daniel Webster 
— "Defender of the Constitution" — 
Xew Hampshire's greatest contribu- 
tion to Massachusetts and the Na- 
tion. Second only to Webster was 
Henry Wilson, who rose from a shoe- 
maker's bench to be a senator in Con- 

gress, vice-president of the United 
States, and champion and defender 
of human rights. Cordially hated by 
the allies and adherents of privilege, 
and those upon whose "political 
toes" he ruthlessly trod, but. promi- 
nent among the early champions of 
the rights of labor, as he was brilliant 
in the legal arena. Benjamin F. 
Butler, a son of Deerfield, N. H., went 
to Massachusetts in early life to make 
his way at the bar and in the world of 
affairs, compelled the admiration of 
men of all parties for his genius and 
abilities, won his way to the front in 
his profession, in the Congress of the 
United States, in the volunteer serv- 
ice in the Civil War, dividing at least 
with Abraham Lincoln the credit, such 
as there may be, for the Emancipa- 
tion Proclamation, and became gov- 
ernor of the Commonwealth upon the 
nomination of a party long over- 
whelmingly in the minority and found 
himself, by the way, associated with a 
legislature, each of whose branches 
was presided over by a man who 
owned Xew Hampshire as the state 
of his birth. 

The ablest and most successful 
lawyers at the Boston bar, today, are 
natives of the old Granite State as 
witness, for illustration, the names 
of Whipple, Powers and Anderson. 
So, too, are, and have been for a long 
time past, the most enterprising and 
successful of the business men of that 
great metropolis, in mercantile and in 
financial life. The names of Marsh, 
Houghton, Dutton and Stearns have 
been synonyms of success in the com- 
mercial arena for many decades past; 
while the active spirits in the great 
banking houses of E. H. Rollins & 
Sons, Hornblower & Weeks, Baker, 
Ay ling &Co., Merrill, Oldham & Co., 
and many others have been and are, 
largely, men of Xew Hampshire birth. 
Among Boston physicians and sur- 
geons the names of Xew Hampshire 
men, like Gay and Lund, hold first 
rank, and Xew Hampshire born 
clergymen, such as Hosea Ballou, 
Alonzo A. Miner, James Freeman 



New Hampshire's Contribution to Massachusetts 


Clarke. John G. Adams, Newton M. 
Hull, Willis P. Odelt, and Donald H. 
Gerrish have been, or are, among the 
liiost distinguished of Massachusetts 
pulpit, orators. From the days of 
Charles G. Greene to the present 
time, New Hampshire men have been 
leading spirits in Massachusetts jour- 
nalism, while the educational field in 
the old Bay State has drawn to the 
limit from New Hampshire talent, 
as is demonstrated by the fact that 
but a few years since it was authorita- 
tively stated that seven of the nine 
principals of Massachusetts State 
Normal Schools were imported from 
the Granite State. 

This reference to the contributions 
which New Hampshire has made to 
the active life and public, profes- 
sional and business record of our 
neighboring state of Massachusetts 
(whose monster manufacturies, by the 
way, are largely operated by power ob- 
tained from New Hampshire rivers), 
and which might be indefinitely ex- 
tended, was suggested by newspaper 
reports, appearing in the Boston 
dailies a few mornings since, of a 
banquet, given on the evening pre- 
vious — June 5 — in honor of Hon. 
John Q. A. Bracket fc, another dis- 
tinguished son of New Hampshire, 
who made his home, as a young man, 
in the Bay State, engaged in the prac- 
tice of law, made his way to the front 
in his profession, took an active part 
in the political life of his time, held 
various important public positions, 
including that of Speaker of the House 
of Representatives, and of lieutenant- 
governor, and finally became gov- 
ernor of the state, which position 
he filled with credit and distinction. 

This banquet in honor of Governor 
Bracket t was given by the famous 
Boston Dining Club, in recognition 
of the fact that he was the oldest sur- 
viving ex-governor of the state, that 
his seventy-fifth birthday anniver- 
sary was at hand, and that he had 
just been elected, notwithstanding his 
years, which seem to have been re- 
garded as a badge of superior fitness, 

as a delegate to the great convention, 
now in session, which is charged with 
the important task of so altering and 
amending the constitution of the 
state, as to make it conform to the 
spirit of the times and adapt it to 
twentieth century conditions, no such 
convention having been held in the 
state since 1853 — a period of sixty- 
four years, covering all the changes 
incident to the Civil War, and the 
tremendous growth of corporate power 
and industrial development following 
that period; while here in New Hamp- 
shire four such conventions have been 
held in that time and still another has 
been voted for by the people. 

This banquet, which was held at 
Hotel Somerset, was, indeed, a great 
occasion from more than one point of 
view. It was given in honor of a 
distinguished public servant, and it 
was attended by a great gathering of 
public men of all parties and from all 
parts of the state— personal friends 
and co-workers with the man directly 
honored, men associated with him in 
the public service or at the bar, and 
others who have succeeded him in the 
various important positions he has 
held. Some three hundred and fifty 
men in all were present on the occasion 
sion, among them the present dis- 
tinguished governor of the Common- 
wealth — Samuel W. McCall (who, if 
not a New Hampshire man by birth, 
got his education here, at New Hamp- 
ton and Hanover, and spends his 
vacations largely in the state) — and 
four other ex-governors — Bates, Doug- 
las, Foss and Walsh. Nine former 
presidents of the senate, and five ex- 
attorne} r generals were in attendance, 
as were several surviving members of 
the executive council, serving with 
Governor Brackett, and of his personal 

Joseph J. Feely, president of the 
Dining Club, presided and the invo- 
cation was by Rev. D. W. Waldron, 
chaplain of the Massachusetts House 
of Representatives — another man who 
went down to Massachusetts from 
New Hampshire, to the gain of the 


The Granite Monthly 

former and the loss of the latter state, 
in conformity with the great move- 
ment which has been in progress for 
the last hundred years. 

The prime figure at the banquet, 
next to him in whose honor it was 
given, was the toast master, as usual. 
Upon the felicity and skill with which 
the post-prandial exercises are di- 
rected depends, in large measure, the 

dinner speaker of rare charm and 
eloquence, was the master of ceremon- 
ies, and admirably acquitted himself 
not only in his own opening remarks 
but in the felicity of his introductions, 
and the tact and skill with which he 
brought out the best thought and 
diction of the various speakers of the 
evening, among whom were Governor 
McCall, ex-Governor Foss, Sherman 

,L 2 ,^ 

Hon. Sherman L. Whipple 

success of any affair of this kind, and 
it suffices to say that no mistake was 
made in the selection of this function- 
ary on the occasion in question. 

The Hon. Samuel Leland Powers, 
native of Cornish, graduate of Dart- 
mouth of the famous class of 1874, 
distinguished lawyer, former partner 
of Governor McCall, ex-congressman 
and man of affairs, himself celebrated 
throughout New England as an after- 

L. Whipple, George W. Anderson, 
ex-Governors Douglas and Bates, 
ex-Mayor John F. Fitzgerald, and 
ex-Attorney General Albert E. Pills- 
bury, aside from the distinguished 
guest of the evening, who was the 
final speaker, and who was heard by 
all with the deepest interest. 

That the speaking, throughout, 
was of high order, and a rare treat to 
the listeners, is safely to be assumed 


It. /-' 


\ 1:1 


• ..;• 


The Granite Monthly 

from a moment's consideration of the 
names above mentioned. Of what 
was said and the impression made, 
however, we are noi now dealing. 
We have farther only to note the fact 
that Xew Hampshire natives were 
principal figures, to a large extent, 
on this occasion, as on most public 
and semi-public occasions of impor- 
tance in Massachusetts. Xot only 
were the guest of honor and the toast- 
master born within the Kearsarge 
region heretofore alluded to — Gover- 
nor Brackett in the town of Bradford, 
and Mr. Powers in Cornish — but two of 
the speakers, Sherman L. Whipple, the 
foremost lawyer in Boston today, who 
was the candidate of the progressive 
element for the presidency of the Con- 

stitutional Convention, and George W. 
Anderson, the able and brilliant United 
States district attorney for Massachu- 
setts, the former native of New London 
and the latter of Acworth, were also 
products of the same region. 

Still another of the speakers, it 
should be added, — ex-Attorney-Gen- 
eral Pillsbury is a son of the Granite 
State born in Milford; while another 
who was invited, and whose presence 
was hoped for, but who was detained 
by the pressing business now before 
Congress, United States Senator John 
W. Weeks, was born and reared in 
the good old town of Lancaster in 
sight of the White Mountains of New 
Hampshire, and has never forgotten 
the home of his birth. 


The snow has left the valleys 

And the ice has left the streams, 
But the northern hills are snow-capped 

And with ice each summit gleams. 
White as snow and ice can make it, 

Kearsarge towers above the rest, 
Like a crystal beacon rising 

From earth's cold and silent breast. 

Easter's warm sun seems to make it 

With a rosy glow to shine, 
Like a strange prophetic promise 

Of the Spring-tide's power divine, 
That e'er comes to us, God-given, 

From the grand eternal hills, 
Like the promise of God's goodness 

Which shall save us from our ills. 

When life's ills seem all too many, 

And our wisdom all too small, 
And our faith gets faint and feeble, 

And we feel that we may fall, 
And we seem so poor and little 

And the world so vast and large, 
May God, in His loving wisdom, 

Help us look at Old Kearsarge. 

ISO Calef Road, Manchester, N. H. 



By J. Elizabeth Eoyt-Steucns, M. D. 

Doctor Danforth is the daughter of 
the late Charles and Rebecca Farnuin 
Batchelder Danforth, born in Derry, 
N. EL, May IS. 1S50. She is the 
great-granddaughter of Eliphalet and 
and Sarah Burnham Hovey Danforth 
of Boscawen, N. II. The Hoveys 
were of Scotch-Irish descent and set- 
tled at Ipswich, Mass. Eliphalet 
Danforth's father, Ezekiel, was an 
officer in the Revolutionary War, and 
as a despatch bearer performed a 
wonderful feat of speed in riding 
from Boston to Concord, N. H., in a 
remarkably short time, with but one 
change of horses. One of his horses 
was a Morgan. 

Shepherd appears in the doctor's 
name for a friend of her mother, Mrs. 
William Shepherd, whose husband 
was the first public house landlord in 

The doctor's parents moved from 
Derry to Manchester in 1854. As a 
child she attended the public schools 
in that city and after graduating from 
the high school in 1866 she entered 
Pinkerton Academy at Derry the 
same year and graduated with honors 
in 1869. Her summers, except 1869, 
had been spent at school teaching. 
First, in 1867, she was in charge of the 
district school at Bedford, N. H. Sec - 
ond, in 1868, she was principal of the 
grammar school at Danielson, Conn., 
and graded the school of 200 pupils. 

Early in 1869 her parents again 
changed their home from Manchester 
to Weare, X. fit., and she read medi- 
cine with Doctor Dearborn of East 
Weare during that summer and in the 
autumn of 1869 she took charge of the 
grammar school at Danielson again. 

In 1871, with money she had earned 
at teaching, she entered the Philadel- 
phia Woman's Medical College. In 
1872 she taught the district school at 
North Weare in order to earn money 
for her second year's medical tuition, 

in the meantime driving ten miles, 
after supper, twice a week in order to 
continue her studies in physiology, 
anatomy and chemistry, under the 
guidance of Dr. Alfred R. Dearborn 
who was then practicing in East 
Weare. In 1873 she returned to 
Philadelphia and took her second 
year of college instruction in medical 
work. In 1874 she taught the "Ban- 
ner School" at Henniker, N. H., where 
she prepared two boys for Dartmouth 

In the autumn of 1875 she returned 
to Philadelphia for her third and last 
college year and in the spring of 1876 
received her diploma, with license 
to practice. Dr. Clara Marshall, pro- 
fessor of pharmacy at the Philadel- 
phia College, regarded Doctor Dan- 
forth's work in this branch as perfect 
and recommended her for a prescrip- 
tion clerk to a druggist, Doctor Rice 
of Rochester, X. Y., whom she served 
for one year, doing some office and 
some outside professional work at the 
same time. 

On May 10, 1876, Doctor Danforth 
opened an office for practice in Man- 
chester, N. EL, where she has con- 
tinued to the present, although her 
work was somewhat interrupted 
there at the death of her mother in 
18S2. For eight years she was obliged 
to center her practice at North Weare, 
in order to be with her father and 
brothers in the old home, wdiere she 
was greatly needed. Forty-two con- 
secutive nights were spent at the bed- 
side of one brother, who had the old 
fashioned type of typhoid fever. 
But throughout these eight years of 
residence at North W^eare Doctor 
Danforth kept her office in Man- 
chester, and was in it several times a 
week, besides doing bedside work in 
all the villages within a radius of 
twenty-five miles north, south, east 
and w r est of North Weare. 


The Granite Monthly 

Tired as her brothers might be 
from their farm work, she never knew 
them to lag in getting tip nights to 
drive for her over the hills whenever 
a call came. Doctor Danforth re- 
marked to the writer of this sketch: 
"The reciprocity in our family has 
always been wonderfully beautiful! 
If only the same existed in all fam- 
ilies, the world would be more harmo- 
nious than it is." Two brothers and 
one sister always read}' to act for each 

had not persevered, as she herself 
had done, to get the education for 
which they were adapted. 

The doctor's efforts for earning her 
own way in the world began at her 
start in the high school at Manches- 
ter. Her uncle, William P. Ham- 
mond, being the author and publisher 
of a valuable system of writing books, 
desired to add to its monetary value, 
by a historical set of twenty-six, all 
graded in alphabetical order, each 

Dr. Mary S. Danforth 

other as the need required, be it with 
money or physical strength, if one 
had, and another needed, he who had 
gave willingly and graciously. The 
father and mother, however, had been 
against their daughter's wish to study 
medicine and opposed it — "opposed it 
bitterly"; but the girl earned the 
wherewithall and the brothers' spirit 
of encouragement spurred her on. 
She remarked to the writer in their 
recent personal interview, that the 
regret of her life is that her brothers 

sentence to be a fact in history. He 
knew his niece had an uncommon 
love for history and so set her to the 
work. In a few weeks he received 
twelve graded books, gems of inter- 
est and usefulness. He not only paid 
her for what she had done but con- 
tracted for more. Her intense love 
for history was exceeded only by her 
love for mathematics. Before she 
was fourteen years of age she had 
solved without help every problem 
in Colburn's Mental Arithmetic. 

Mary Shepherd Dan forth, M. D. 


Doctor Danforth started private 
practice in Manchester in the month of 
Slay, 1876. Her first requirement was 
a test examination, under Dr. George 
Hersey, the censor for the Manchester 
Medical Society, who examined ap- 
plicants for practice. He gave her 
two hours of close examination and 
where they differed on the dose of 
digitalis tincture she referred him to 
a certain page in "Biddle's Materia 
Medica" as her authority, and the 
elder male practitioner consulted the 
reference book in her presence, and 
gracefully admitted that she was right. 
At the close of his examination the 
applicant for practice asked Doctor 
Hersey, ''Have I passed with you?" 
His reply was, "I think you have tried 
to get a good education!" ''Haven't 
I succeeded?" she asked. He laughed. 
Doctor Hersey did not at first befriend 
her as he might have but later became 
her staunch and appreciative friend. 
Dr. O. D. Abbott in those first days, 
declaring the average physician's 
length of endurance for hard work 
to be twelve years, said of her, 
"Look at those little wrists! She 
will never stand the practice of medi- 
cine!" She has already practiced 
and done hard work for forty years! 

The writer was recently in Man- 
chester and received a call from Doc- 
tor Danforth at 7 o'clock in the eve- 
ning. She was on her way home from 
seeing a patient with whom she had 
been up all the night before, and she 
had been busy all day with others. 
Dr. O. D. Abbott was later one of the 
"five white haired men," as quoted 
by the Concord Monitor in 1878, who 
presented her name for membership in 
the New Hampshire State Medical 
Society and escorted her from Man- 
chester to Concord on the day of her 
admittance to the society. For two 
years previously she had attended the 
Manchester Medical Society's meet- 
ings and borne her part in them, 
having served as secretary for the 
same, thus having shown something 
of her character, intuitions and quali- 
fications. Doctor Adams, the secre- 

tary and treasurer of the Manchester 
society, after she was admitted to the 
society, asked her, why, now that she 
was a member of the Man chest er 
society, did she not make application 
for the state societ}-. Her answer 
was, "I fear they don't want me." 
He replied, "You won't go far where 
you are not wanted I see." Col. John 
B. Clarke, editor of the Mirror and 
American, had spoken highly of her 
in his paper. Finally, in 1878, 
the conservative old New Hamp- 
shire Medical Society was assailed 
with the question as to whether it 
would admit a daughter into its rank 
and file? The question was brought 
by -the five white haired men from 
Manchester who told of a young 
woman's return from medical college 
to her native state. She had brought 
good credentials and more than that 
she had been doing good work in her 
home city for several years, asking no 
privileges but to be allowed to perform 
the duties that came to her hand. 
And without her knowing of their in- 
tention they proposed her name for 
membership. One of the first men to 
approve this step was a Concord 
physician, Dr. A. H. Crosby, and 
after this endorsement there was but 
one dissenting voice and in a.'fe^.;,,*^ 
minutes that physician arose and said, 
"I have no objections to the young 
woman personally; it is because I do 
not think women strong enough to 
become practitioners of medicine; but 
since your vote comes so near being 
unanimous and she has already proven 
her competency by one-fourth of the 
average time of service in a physician's 
life I withdraw all my objections and 
make the vote unanimous." 

That evening a committee notified 
the recipient of the honor accorded 
her, and the next morning they es- 
corted her to Concord to write her 
name, "Mary Shepherd FMnforth, 
M.D." on the new great white page 
sacred as a "Bible Record" in the 
New Hampshire Medical Society. 
The Concord physicians vied with ' 
each other in their courtesy to the 


The Granite Monthly 

young woman, and the Monitor s 
editorial was quoted, not only from 
Maine to California, but across the 
waters, in some of the medical publi- 
cations of international fame; for this 
was the first woman ever admitted 
to a state medical organization any- 
where in America — although Rhode 
Island is inclined to dispute this state- 
ment, in her own favor. 

Dr. Julia Wallace was just estab- 
lishing herself in Concord for practice 
at this time — 1878 — and invited Doc- 
tor Danforth home with her to supper 
that evening, after Doctor Danforth's 
initiation into the society. As the 
repast was drawing to a close and 
before the evening session of the so- 
ciety, Doctor Crosby called at Doctor 
Russell's home to say that since Man- 
chester had been honored by having 
a daughter taken into the state society 

this day, Concord wanted to be like- 
wise represented, since she too could 
boast of a regular woman practitioner 
who was just starting work in the 
Capital City. Accordingly, Dr. 
Julia Wallace was the next day ad- 
mitted to the society as its second 
daughter. While Doctor Danforth 
and Dr. Julia Wallace are both 
registered as admitted to the state 
society in 1878, the sun had set and 
risen, the newspapers had reported, 
and eighteen or twenty hours had 
intervened between the two initia- 
tions. Thus to Doctor Mary Shep- 
herd Danforth is accorded the undis- 
puted honor of having been the first 
woman practitioner admitted to the 
New Hampshire Medical Society, 
and, in all probability, the first woman 
member of any state medical society 
of the United States. 


Mrs, Charles H. Toby 

I'll scale the loftiest mountain height, 

Or seek the lowest depths, — alone — 
I'll spare no usage of the might, 

That has been giv'n me as my own, 
To keep unsullied "Freedom' Land," 

Who pillows on her soothing breast — My head — 
And holds within her sacred hand, 

The safety of my daily bread. 

Her bosom deok'd with living green, 

That's gemmed with flow'rets here and there, 
Bespeaks to me a pow'r unseen, 

That finds expression everywhere. 
Her soulful eyes my heart entrance, 

Her tresses flow in shining wave, 
That doth her beauty so enhance, 

That her protection must I crave. 

The fiow'rs that on her bosom gleam, 

Are Civilization's rarest gems; 
Liberty, — and her offspring deem 

Them, unsurpassed diadems. 

"Old Glory" Unfurled 121 

To thwart the trampling monarch's plan. 

And save them from the tyrant thief, 
A call is sent to ev'ry man, 

To hasten with his stanch relief; 
To harness ev'ry pow'r that sleeps, 

With all his heart and nerve and brain; 
From river-bed to mountain steeps, 

The call is echoing again. 

No tyrant e'er shall step upon, 

Her soil my Fathers died to save; 
Armor of Right I'll gladly don. 

And save her banner from the grave. 

No crouching brother-kin of mine, 

Shall e'er before a tyrant kneel! 
Submission — Never! Love Divine 

Is lending power for our weal! 

No land in all this universe, 

Can boast of braver sons than she! 
No traitor lives who'll dare to curse 

This home of LOVE and LIBERTY! 

I'll call to aid the winds of pow'r, 

That shall control the seas of hate; 
And save her in this trying hour, 

From planned ignominious fate. 
I'll work with ev'ry morning sun, 

And watch bv night with silent star, 
Till battles for the RIGHT are won, 

Through MIGHT that cometh from afar. 


By Martha S. Baker 

From ocean to ocean our flag is unfurled, 

Let it float out its message to all the wide world; 

'Tis a message of freedom, humanity, God, 

From the land which the pilgrims for liberty trod; 

Love of justice and right its foundation's chief stone — 

Let its emblem float high by heaven's pure breezes blown; 

Let it float till no traitor dare lift Ins base head, 

Nor an alien plot crime when his honor is dead; 

Let its radiant folds wrought in red, white and blue, 

Speak of purity, courage and loyalty true; 

Let the Stars and the Stripes float from mountain and plain, 

From the North to the Southland, a flag without stain. 

Concord, April 10, 191 




By A.M. R. Cressy 

At a time when the rights, wrongs, 
privileges and aspirations of woman 
are a pervading influence in all classes 
of society, it occurred to me to won- 
der if there is really something '"new 
under the sun" or if, after all, human 
nature was fundamentally about the 
same in all the periods of human 
existence, and it seemed an opportune 
moment to turn for confirmation or 
denial to the study of the biblical 
heroines — the women who stand 
preeminent among their fellow women, 
whose stories are recorded in the ear- 
liest annals of our race. If we go 
back to the mythical dawn of Biblical 
story, we find Eve standing on "the 
apex of creation/ 7 and from the two 
different accounts of the creation of 
human beings has arisen much con- 
fusion of ideas, and a very early projec- 
tion of woman into the arena of active 
participation in life. Was Eve a rib, 
taken from Adam's side, leaving him 
partially crippled ever since, or did 
she stand with him in the garden, his 
equal mate? The two accounts of 
creation have exercised the ingenuity 
of students and romancers from the 
earliest times, to reconcile their dis- 
crepancies, and another woman was 
invented to harmonize the two 
stories. In the second account, 
Adam fell into a deep sleep, and God 
took a. rib from his side winch he 
fashioned into woman — a comforting 
proof of her inferiority. But how to 
reconcile this with the first account 
that they were made together, at 
once — "male and female created He 

Without biblical authority, but 
with what might be termed the- 
oretical evidence, this first, equal 
creation with Adam was claimed to 
be, not Eve, but Lilith. This equal 
creation did not work well for 
happiness, and poor Lilith was gratui- 
tously endowed with all the fascina- 

tions of evil, and the dangerous op- 
portunity of equality, and so, in some 
way not clearly explained, Adam got 
rid of" her, and perhaps it was the deep 
sleep of exhaustion and relief, that 
enabled him to lose a rib without 
knowing it. It has been asserted, 
with as much probability as any other 
of the theories, that the reason of the 
alleged unhappiness of Adam and 
Lilith was the fact that she was 
created his equal, and very likely re- 
minded him of it, when necessary. 
At any rate, Lilith vanishes and we 
accept Eve as the "primal mother of 
mankind." We regret that our first 
mother was not above temptation, 
but we must respect her candid 
acknowledgment of her fault. "The 
serpent beguiled me, and I did eat" — 
while Adam tried to hide behind her 
and cast the blame on her and on God 
also. "The woman that Thou gavest 
to be with me, she gave me of the tree 
and I did eat," thus throwing into the 
history of the "Fall" at the very 
beginning, the weight of woman's 
influence, and that influence not of 
the best. 

If we relegate the account of Eve 
to the realms of imagination, we may 
accept the story of Sarah, wife of 
Abraham, as sufficiently authentic — 
proud, forceful "princess" Sarah, 
"the most beautiful woman of the 
Bible," save Eve of whose good looks 
the Bible makes no mention, but 
Milton politely but ungrammatically 
wrote "The fairest of her daughters, 
Eve." Sarah was so beautiful that her 
husband was driven to hard straits 
to keep her for his own, for those in 
power scrupled not to put to death 
any who stood between them and their 
desires; and kings found Sarah "fair 
to look upon." So Abraham, to 
keep his wife, and, incidentally, save 
his own life, resorted to the subterfuge 
of a falsehood, passing Sarah off as his 

Women of the Old Testament 


sisjer, while on their way through un- 
safe countries. Sarah consented to 
this deception though she seemed 
to have been perfectly capable of 
taking care of hexself, and other 
people also. 

For many years motherhood was 
denied her, and to save herself and 
Abraham from the disgrace of child- 
lessness, she ordered him to take to 
wife, Hagar, the daughter of Pharaoh, 
who had adopted the religion of Sarah, 
and followed her to her home. Hagar, 
as was natural, but, under the circum- 
stances, impolitic, allowed her exul- 
tation to be too manifest, as the 
mother of Abraham's first born son, 
and Sarah's pride of position and 
beauty could brook no rival, and we 
may infer that kind-hearted, peace- 
loving Abraham did not lie on a bed 
of roses, especially after Sarah bore 
him a son. The inevitable jealousies 
of mothers and sons culminated in 
Sarah's demand that Abraham re- 
move Hagar and Ishmael. Abraham 
demurred, but Sarah overruled his 
unwillingness, and the voice of the 
Lord opportunely commending her 
decision, he sent Hagar and his son 
into the desert to their fate. We 
would like to think that Sarah suf- 
fered some qualms of conscience, but 
we find no hint of weakening or repen- 
tance, but we are told that Abraham 
erected a fine monument to her mem- 

Sarah's son, Isaac, was ordered by 
his father to seek a wife among 
strangers, but of his own race. We 
know how beautifully Rebekah met 
her destiny; how she gave water to 
Isaac's messenger, and to his camels; 
how willingly she left her people, and 
journeyed to her unknown home. 
We read of her holding the sacred 
trust of her husband's love, of the 
birth of her twin sons, and then, when 
they were grown, and their father 
was near death, she makes the one 
dark blot on her fair record. She 
loves the younger of the twins better, 
and she hears Isaac preparing to give 
her first born his blessing, which was 

like a will in its pledge-giving and 
would make him the head of the house- 
hold, as was his right. Rebekah plans 
the deception of making Jacob take 
his brother's place while Esau is absent 
on his father's business, and procures 
for him the blessing from his blind 
father. We can conjecture Rebek- 
ah's disappointment and dismay 
when Jacob is driven from his home 
by the not unnatural outburst of 
Esau's anger and the sorrow of the 
deceived father. Nothing further is 
recorded of Rebekalvs life, but if we 
can forget or excuse her unmotherly 
partiality, we may recall the sweet 
docility and kindness of her youth, 
and be sure she must have had lova- 
ble traits of character, for in spite of 
her deceiving him, and in an age when 
polygamy was an established custom, 
Isaac took no other wife, but was 
faithful to the love of his youth. 

The romantic story of the long 
service of Jacob for his Rachel has 
been an inspiration for all lovers 
since his time, though few there be 
who will wait as long as he did; 
doubtless he felt that this punishment 
was due him for his treachery toward 
his brother, on account of whose 
wrath Jacob was forced to fly from the 
home of his father; setting out for his 
mother's old home, he had that- 
beautiful dream at Bethel; again the 
well was the setting for the beginning 
of a love affair. The trickery, bick- 
erings and deceit of 'Rachel's after 
life are but reflections of the life of her 
people, her father and aunt, Rebekah, 
Jacob's mother, being striking exam- 
ples of the standards of that day. 
She was a woman of great charm, of 
quick wit, and the mother of an illus- 
trious son, a son of whom no evil is 
recorded — Joseph, the Governor of 
Egypt, he who was the first to achieve 
a corner in wheat. 

Is there any other heroine that 
appeals so strongly to our imagina- 
tion as Miriam, the singer, the proph- 
etess, the co-leader of Israel? How 
we exult in the swelling rhythm of her 
song of victory: 


The Granite Monthly 

"Sound the loud timbrel o'er Egypt's dark 
Jehovah has triumphed: Hi> people are free!' 

Her whole life,, her constancy, her 
inspiration, her quick discernment 
and bold decision, her great mistake, 
her punishment, all is open, bold, 
brilliant. As a little child she watches 
over her brother, Moses, in his pitch 
cradle in the rushes of the river, till 
Pharaoh's daughter takes him for her 
own. -Miriam tactfully secures his 
own mother's position as his nurse. 
With him she suffers Egypt's op- 
pression; with him dreams of an 
Israel; with him plans and shares the 
flight into the desert — sure of the 
vision of the promised land. After 
the passage of the Red Sea, and the 
destruction of the pursuing hosts of 
Pharaoh. Miriam takes her timbrel 
and leads the Hebrew women in the 
march of triumph. It is no song of 
peace, — it is a paean of victory — 

" Jehovah is a man of war, 
Jehovah is His Name, 
Thou didst blow with thy wind, 
The sea covered him, 
They sank as lead in the mighty waters; 
Who is like unto Thee among the Gods, 

Glorious in holiness, 

Fearful in praises, 

Doing wonders!'' 

During the years that follow we 
are sure that Miriam held her proud 
place as leader and prophet with her 
brothers, Moses and Aaron. Did her 
long career of power and preeminence 
give her a feeling of infallibility, an 
impatience of restraint and opposi- 
tion? Would it be strange if she 
felt herself to be as strong a ruler as 
Moses, and competent to reprove 
his actions when opposed to her sense 
of fitness? Moses took a second 
wife, and, as men have done since then, 
chose for himself. Unfortunately 
his wife was of another race. The 
people of Israel were not so opposed to 
the color of the Ethiopian brunette, 
as to the fact that she was not of their 

blood. They murmured, and Miriam 
and Aaron voiced their complaints. 
Miriam, being a woman, probably 
spoke first and most, and thus prob- 
ably deserved the greater rebuke. 
So, when standing with her brothers 
before the judgment, she suddenly 
became a leper. So strong was her 
influence, so great her power, that 
Moses and Aaron put up fervent 
prayers for her recovery, and when 
the leprosy was removed, all the 
people gladly waited the seven days 
of purification, and "journeyed not 
till Miriam was brought in again." 
Her power and leadership were as 
potent as before, but there is not an 
instance of her again usurping Moses' 
prerogative. Had Henry Van Dyke 
any thought of analogy, when he 
termed Miriam "a living symbol of the 
times of preparation, a forerunner of 
the coming woman?" 

Another woman leader, and proph- 
etess, not a co-worker with man, 
but a ruler, a judge in her own right, 
was Deborah, who sat under the 
palm-trees and judged the people of 
Israel. Greatly oppressed were the 
Hebrews, surrounded by war-like 
enemies, and cruelly ravaged by the 
Canaanites. They had no king, no 
army leaders. As Deborah sings — 
"The rulers ceased in Israel," they 
ceased, until that Deborah arose — 
"That I arose a mother in Israel." 
Scourged by the sufferings of her 
people, uplifted by her vision as proph- 
etess, she planned her campaign 
for the struggle. She called to her 
aid Barak, a warrior, and commanded 
him to raise an army and give battle 
to the Canaanites. Was it his in- 
heritance from Adam that made him 
shirk the responsibility, and say, "If 
thou wilt go with me, then will I go, 
but if thou go not with me, I will not 
go" — and Deborah answers, "I will 
surely go with thee." Side by side 
they advanced with their handful of 
men against the tremendous host of 
the Canaanites, under Sisera, massed 
with their horses and chariots of 
iron in the dry bed of the river Kishon. 

'omen of the Old Testament 


Ana in the forces of Nature are mar- 
shalled against the enemies of the 
Israelites. A storm arose, and the 
river bed was flooded. In inextri- 
cable confusion, horses, chariots and 
men were overwhelmed and swept 
away, and Deborah, lifted into ec- 
static power, sings her heroic chant of 
victory : 

<; The Lord came down for me against the 

mighty — 
Oh, my soul, thou hast trodden down 

They fought from Heaven — 
The stars in their courses fought against 

So let all thine enemies perish, oh, Lord." 

Another woman at this crisis stands 
as a foil to the bold, brave service 
Deborah gave her people. Jael 
stayed in her tent and when she saw 
Sisera fleeing from the battle, she 
went to meet him, and invited him 
to rest, saying, "Fear not." She 
gave him drink and he lay down to 
sleep, and she pierced his temple with 
a nail and fastened him to. the ground. 
War in those times must have been 
very like what Sherman called it in 
our day, but it was Deborah's only 
weapon, and her victory brought the 
separate tribes of Israel together and 
awoke a spirit of nationality that 
never slept again, and we give De- 
borah the title she claimed — "a 
mother in Israel." 

There shines down to us through 
these floods of slaughter and carnage 
the clear spirit of sacrifice and courage 
on the part of the daughter of Jeph- 
thah, a nameless girl. Our chief 
interest in Jephthah lies in her vow 
and fulfilment of it; a Gileadite war- 
rior seeking the favor of God, bar- 
gains — "If thou shalt without fail 
deliver the children of Amnion into 
mine hands, then shall it be that- 
whatsoever cometh forth of the doors 
of my house to meet me, when I re- 
turn, shall surely be the Lord's and 
I will offer it up for a burnt sacrifice." 
What more seemly than that his only 
daughter should dance forth happily 

to meet him? Learning of the vow 
she asks but a respite of two months, 
that she may go into solitude upon the 
mountains and prepare for the sacri- 
fice; at the expiration of the time 
agreed upon she returned as she had 
promised and paid her father's debt. 
Leaving no descendants to mourn her 
memory, she is yet honored each year, 
during four days of mourning, by all 
the faithful daughters of Israel. 

Inalienably associated with the 
name of Samson is that of the woman, 
Delilah, his equal in morals, more than 
his match in mental strength, and the 
means of his overthrow, for which she 
received a higher price than did 
Judas for his treachery. 

Let us turn from the clash of arms, 
the direct joy of victory over van- 
quished foes, to a simple idyl of sweet 
domestic life, the story perhaps best 
known to us of all Bible stories, that 
of Ruth and Naomi. Ambition has 
no call here, strife no place, only love, 
trustfulness, serenity. The telling 
takes few words, the teaching lasts 
through centuries. Naomi, left child- 
less, returns to her own country, and 
bids fairewell to her daughter-in-law. 
Orpah turns sadly back to her place, 
but Ruth breaks forth into a song 
of devotion — the sweetest pleading 
of love, the strongest vow of alle- 
giance the world knows — 

"Entreat me not to leave thee 
And to return from following thee 
For where thou goest, I will go, 
And where thou lodgest, I will lodge. 
Thy people shall be my people 
And Thy God, my God. 
Where thou diest, I will die 
And there will I be buried. 
The Lord do so to me, and more also 
If aught but death part thee and me!" 

Such an appeal could not be re- 
sisted, and together they come to 
the early home of Naomi, who takes 
the thread of destiny into her own 
hands, and weaves the web skilfully. 
She sends Ruth to glean in the fields 
of Boaz, where she attracts his atten- 
tion, wins his love, and becomes his 


The Granite Monthly 

wife, and the mother of Obed, through 
whom and his grandson, David, we 
trace the ancestry of the promised 

What a contrast to the pure and 
peaceful life of Ruth is the black 
tragedy of Jezebel, whose name 
through all the ages has been the 
synonym of vindictiveness and evil. 
Her force of purpose, lust of power, 
daring of danger, and scorn of retri- 
bution, make a character of tragic 
grandeur, but revolting personality. 
A Phoenician princess, married to the 
Hebrew King Ahab, she brought with 
her and established the worship of 
Baal and other heathen gods. She 
incited her followers to slaughter the 
priests of Israel, and to exterminate 
the Hebrew people. Suddenly ap- 
peared the ''chief of the prophets," 
Elijah, who boldly denounced King 
Ahab, and challenged the heathen 
priests to a test of the powers of their 
gods. The might of Jehovah was 
invoked, and the fire from heaven 
smote Ahab with craven fear, but 
Jezebel was aroused to fury by the 
overthrow of Baal, and the taunts and 
denunciations of Elijah, and he had 
to fiee for his life; Jezebel went on 
ruthlessly. The story of Naboth's 
vine3 r ards adds treachery to cruelty. 
Ahab coveted the little spot, but 
Naboth clung to his own. Jezebel 
is fertile in expedients. With grim 
humor she orders Naboth set in a high 
position, a fair mark for the hate she 
inspires against him, and when he has 
fallen she calmly says to Ahab: "The 
vineyard you coveted is yours, 
Naboth is no more." Again Elijah 
appears, this time in final judgment. 
Jezebel is undaunted. Defiant to the 
last, she meets death with furious 
curses, and goes to her terrible but 
just doom. 

If Jezebel is the incarnation of 
evil, Hannah is the ideal of mother- 
hood. Fervently she prayed for the 
blessing of a son, and patiently she 
waited the promise of the Lord. She 
is the prototype of man}' mothers who 
have dedicated their sons to God's 

service, even in their cradles. Trust- 
fully she carried her baby to the 
temple to be" reared by the priest Eli. 
Gladly she gave him her life's devo- 
tion, and the story of Samuel is the 
record of a true son of a true mother. 
The queens of lands foreign to 

Judea stand out in bold relief 


Baldis, Queen of Sheba, came from the 
"uttermost parts of the earth to hear 
the wisdom of Solomon," to see his 
great temple, his wonderful palaces, 
his prosperous kingdom, to ask him 
harcl questions. The citizen from 
Missouri is not the first who demands 
to be shown; he but follows in the 
footprints of this lady of ancient 
times, who said to her host, "It was 
a true report which I heard in mine 
own land of thine acts and thy wis- 
dom; howbeit, I believed not their 
words, until I came, and mine own 
eyes had seen it." An adventurous 
woman was she, one of understanding 
and judgment, and undoubtedly of an 
attractive appearance, as what queen 
ever was not. 

The other — Vashti — she who had 
more respect for her exalted position 
than had the king himself; she who 
when ordered by the king, merry with 
wine, to appear before the banqueters 
that they might gloat over her beauty, 
preferred deposition from her high 
estate and exile, to such degradation; 
not even the laws of the Persians and 
the Medes could lower her proud 

The drama of Esther is very effec- 
tive in the Oriental splendor of its 
setting — the swift movement of its 
action, the success of its climax. 
As heroine of the situation, Esther 
has little initiative, little individual 
resolve. She is swayed by her love 
and fear of her king, but is impelled 
by her secret fealty to her Jewish 
faith to take her life in her hands, and 
"go unbidden to the king" to plead 
for the lives of her people, and her 
success enabled the Jews to once more- 
establish their religion in the land. 
Esther had not the determined self- 
assertion and confident faith of her 

At Last 


prophet sisterhood, but the need of her 
race awoke in her the martyr spirit, 
and her resolve, "I go unto the king/' 
and her cry, "And if I perish. I perish,'' 
brings to us, as does no other woman's 
story of the Old Testament, the lesson 
of sacrifice. 

These stories are twice-told talcs — - 
too well known to admit of more than 
bare sketches; but some points are 
worth considering. Each narrative 
marks a crisis, or an important epoch 
in the history of the race, else it 
would not have been written; for the 
preservation of God's chosen people 
was more than the life of any member 
of it; but it is interesting to note that 
the story of each of these women is the 
portrayal of a type, and each is 
equally distinct. And these types — 

are they not still existent? Have we 
not Queen Yashtis, who prefer banish- 
ment to degradation, patient Hannahs, 
imperious Sarahs, sacrificing Esthers, 
wifely Rebekahs? Are there not 
prophets in our midst, women who 
can judge justly, rouse to action, 
voice the hopes and triumphs of life? 
Have we not the same instincts, like 
desires for power and influence, like 
struggles with temptations, like op- 
portunities for courage and sacrifice? 
With our greater opportunities, we may 
have the larger vision, with our better 
environment, we ma}' have higher 
ideals; but in heart and mind, in the 
essentials of womanhood, are we not 
kin-descendants, fellow-workers with 
the "Women of the Old testament" in 
God's world of their time and ours? 


By Charles Poole Cleaves 

At last the long roll wakes the western land. 

Europe! The tide of democratic blood 
Sets surging back to thy war-wasted strand, 

From which it sprang, with a renewing flood. 

We sound no vengeful passion's cry. At last 
Passion is stilled by our endurance long. 

We come, a sacrificial host, to cast 

Our lot with yours against archaic wrong. 

Saxon and Celt, Greek, Semite. Latin, Gaul, 

Here rally to one flag of liberty; 
One universal cause, one righteous call; 

"For Freedom's peace — to conquer, though we die." 

W r e shall not die. Where blood and life flow fast, 
That soil shall breed free souls and speed them far. 

O Germany! Our hands with yours at last 
Shall save from despot's wills and woes of war! 


By Georgia Rogers Warren 

Look within yourself — 
You'll find them there — 

The seeming trials 
You seem to bear. 

128 The Granite Monthly 


By E. R. Sheldnck 

Land of the broad fertile prairie, 

And mountains with snow-crested height, 

Can ne'er choose the path of the coward, 
So gives back the challenge to fight. 

They crept like the thug in the darkness, 
And struck with assassin's foul blow; 

Now cringing, declaring their friendship, 
They mark where our eagle must go. 

Map out the path of the eagle! 

Why not bid the ocean be tame, 
Why not still the roar of the thunder, 

Or fetter the lightning's wild flame! 

Slay on the ocean at midnight, 

Then protests of friendship extend ; 
The foe that has slaughtered his nestlings 

The eagle ne'er meets as a friend! 

Clouds wreathe the peaks of the mountains, 

Up where the tempest is born, 
High soars the eagle above them, 

Watching the gathering storm. 

See the swift flash of the lightning; 

List to the thunder's loud peal; 
The clouds that the eagle has summoned 

Are laden with death-dealing steel. 

Watch the white waves of the ocean 

Rise at the wind's trumpet call; 
The hosts that the eagle has sheltered, 

Will follow his standard or fall. 

Now bid the answering tempest 

Fade in a blue sunny sky! 
Now bid the white-crested eagle 

Back to his own eyrie fly! 

Soon shall the storm break in fury, 

The wind its full power will show; 
And to the task Honor calls him, 

The eagle will fearlessly go. 

When, like an angel of vengeance, 

He spreads his broad pinions in wrath, 

The God of the storm and the tempest 
Protects him and points out his path. 
Wilton, N. H. 



By Samuel Copp Worthen 

One of the notable figures in south- 
eastern New Hampshire for more than 
forty years, during and prior to the 
American Revolution, was Major 
Ezekiel Worthen of Kensington. 
The services which he rendered to his 
town, his state and the nation are 
worthy of remembrance and should 
be more clearly understood by the 
present generation, especially in the 
section upon which, in those early 
days, his ability, public spirit and 
patriotism reflected credit. The 
writer has given much attention to 
the life of this Xew Hampshire pioneer 
(in connection with a Worthen Gen- 
ealogy which he is compiling) and 
is therefore able to correct a number 
of erroneous statements concerning 
him, which have appeared in print or 
have been embodied in family tra- 
dition. The present object is not to 
give a full account of his life, but 
principally to clear away some errors 
likely to mislead seekers after infor- 
mation who have had less opportunity 
to study the subject. 

A gun and cartridge box, once 
owned by Major Ezekiel Worthen of 
Kensington, are among the relics 
preserved by the Bunker Hill Monu- 
ment Association. They have hung 
for many years in a conspicuous place 
on the wall near the entrance to the 
monument and the minutes of the 
Association set forth clearly the name 
of the original owner and the cir- 
cumstances of their acquisition, yet 
there are many confused and con- 
tradictory accounts of their history 
current among the Worthens of Xew 
England, and some equally confused 
references to them have appeared in 
published works of high reputation. 
One example will be a sufficient illus- 

In Stearns's Genealoqical and 

Family History of the State of New 
Hampshire, Vol. II, page 797, they 
are described as follows: 

''History gives the name of Cap- 
tain George Worthen killed at the 
Battle of Bunker Hill. There areinthe 
Bunker Hill monument two relics, a 
sword and a flint-lock musket, said 
to have been the property of this 
George Worthen." 

The Worthen relics include no 
sword, and to the best of the writer's 
information no Worthen was killed 
or served at the battle of Bunker Hill. 
The sources of the various material 
comprising the above quoted passage 
are a matter of conjecture. General 
Putnam 's sword hung for many years 
on the wall near the Worthen relics 
and might easily have been confused 
with them by a casual observer. 
The reference to Capt. George 
Worthen may have had its origin in 
the fact that there was a Capt. George 
Worthen prominent in Amesbury 
during the French and Indian Wars. 
Another George Worthen, also of 
Amesbury, who served as a private 
soldier in the W r ar for Independence, 
may have contributed his quota to the 
confusion. He was not killed in 
battle, however (at Bunker Hill or 
elsewhere), but died in Plebron, N, H., 
in 182S at the age of 90 years. 

A letter from Mr. E. Worthen 
James of Boston, the donor of the 
relics, dated April 19, 187 L, and 
spread at length upon the minutes 
of the association, thus states the 
history of the gun: 

"It was manufactured in France 
in 1752; it fell into the hands of the 
Indians in the Old French War, which 
so devastated the shores of the new 
land; and was finally captured by 
Ezekiel Worthen of Kensington, 
Xew Hampshire, after a desperate 


The Granite Monthly 

and disastrous conflict with the 
dusky warriors/' 

At least seventeen Worthens. all 
descendants of an early settlor of 
Amesbury, Mass., named Ezekiel 
Worthen (born in 1636, died in 1716), 
served during the Revolution; and it 
is not surprising that oral traditions 
Attribute the Bunker Hill gun to 
many different members of the 
Worthen family, each branch claiming 
it as the property of their own Revo- 
lutionary ancestor. If a writer so 
justly celebrated for contributions 
to genealogical and historical knowl- 
edge as Mr. Ezra S. Stearns fell into 
error in this matter, the confusion 
•existing among scattered members of 
the family having no opportunity to 
examine original sources of informa- 
tion, is indeed pardonable. 

The facts of Major Ezekiel Wor- 
then 's life are briefly as follows: 
He was born at Amesbury, Mass., 
March 18, 1710, being a grandson of 
the original Amesbury settler of the 
same name. About 1732 he married 
Hannah, daughter of William Currier, 
and about the year 1738 he removed 
with his family to Kensington, New 
Hampshire, where he became at once 
the most conspicuous man in the new 
settlement. He served with the rank 
of first lieutenant in Capt. Jonathan 
Prescott's campany in King George's 
War and distinguished himself by his 
soldierly qualities and his engineering 
skill during the siege of Louisburg. 
Owing to the illness and subsequent 
death of Captain Prescott, he was 
throughout the campaign in active 
command of the company. 

_ He was the representative of Ken- 
sington in the lower house of the 
provincial legislature almost contin- 
uously from the incorporation of the 
town to the outbreak of the Revolu- 

During the French and Indian 
War he commanded a company in at 
least two campaigns. He took part in 
the Crown Point expedition of 1756, 
and was with the Xew Hampshire 
troops in 1757 at the massacre of 

Fort William Henry. The fort was 
surrendered to the French under an 
express agreement that the garrison 
be permitted to march unmolested to 
Fort Edward; but no sooner were 
they outside the fortifications when 
the Indians fell upon their, and began a 
ruthless slaughter. Capt. Ezekiel 
Worthen escaped while the savages 
were disputing over the possession of 
his red waistcoat and concealed him- 
self by lying close to a log and cover- 
ing himself with bark. He nearly 
perished from starvation but finally 
succeeded in reaching home. It is 
said that he seized a gun at the time 
of his flight and that the affair at Fort 
William Henry was the " desperate 
and disastrous conflict with the 
dusky warriors" referred to in the 
letter from Mr. I]zekiel Worthen 
James to the Bunker Hill Monument 

The service of Ezekiel Worthen at 
Fort William Henry in 1757, as well as 
his hair-breadth escape from the 
tomahawk, rests for authority upon 
oral tradition. There is proof, how- 
ever, that a portion of Colonel Re- 
serve's New Hampshire regiments un- 
der Lieutenant-Colonel Goffe were 
with the garrison of Fort William 
Henry and that about eighty of them 
were killed or taken by the savages 
after the surrender. The rolls of 
several companies which served in 
this regiment during the year 1757 
have never been found (so far as the 
writer is aware) and Captain Worthen 
may have commanded one of these 
companies. There is official proof of 
his service as captain of the eighth 
company of Colonel Meserve's regi- 
ment during the preceding year. 

When the Revolution began, Capt. 
Ezekiel Worthen, a distinguished 
veteran of two wars, 65 years of age, 
was still serving as representative 
from Kensington in the provincial 
congress of Xew Hampshire. He 
was appointed on many committees 
having charge of military matters 
and was active in raising and equip- 
ping troops and in all measures for the 

Major Ezekiel W&rtken of Kensington, X. H. 


public safety and the prosecution of 
the war. His engineering skill again 
proved useful, and he was designated 
to construct batteries and forts for the 
defense of Portsmouth. On January 
27, 1776, the house of representatives 
voted that he be placed in command of 
all the troops in that vicinity, with 
the rank and pay of major. 

Three of Major Ezekiel Worthen's 
sons were officers in the Revolutionary 
army and a grandson fifteen years old 
served as a private soldier in the land 
forces and as a marine on one of the 
frigates built by order of the Conti- 
nental Congress. One of these sons 
named Ezekiel held the rank of first 
lieutenant and later of captain (the 
title by which the father is usually 
designated in the records), whereby 
much confusion has been occasioned. 
This is not decreased by the presence 
in the Revolutionary army of a third 
officer named Ezekiel Worthen, also 
of New Hampshire. He was a 
nephew of Ezekiel, Sr., of Kensington, 
and resided in Chester. 

A few years before the beginning of 
the Revolution Ezekiel Worthen, Jr., 
removed from Kensington to Epping 
and is sometimes described in the 
War Rolls as "Capt. Ezekiel Worthen 
of Epping." More frequently, how- 
ever, the place of his residence is not 
given, and much of his service has 
been attributed to his father. In 
Hurd's History of Rockingham and 
Strafford Counties, pp. 360-301, there 
is an excellent sketch of Capt. Ezekiel 
Worthen of Kensington, which, how- 
ever, apparently falls into the error of 
crediting him with all the service 
given in the War Rolls as having been 
performed by "Ezekiel Worthen." 
The author was evidently not aware 
that he had a son of the same name 
who served as a Revolutionary officer. 

The editor of the Revolutionary 
War Rolls of New Hampshire makes 
the very natural mistake of confusing 
the father and son in Vol. \~> of Pro- 
vincial and State Papers of Xew 
Hampshire at page 476, when he 
appends to the roll of Capt. Ezekiel 

Worthen's company, Col. Stephen 
Peabody's regiment, serving in the 
Rhode Island expedition of 1778, a 
note to the effect that ''Captain 
Worthen was of Kensington." There 
is a similar editorial note in Vol. IX 
of the Collections of the Xew Hampshire 
Historical Society at page 387, again 
identifying the captain who served 
in Colonel Peabody's regiment in 
17 78, as Ezekiel Worthen of Ken- 
sington. As a matter of fact this 
officer was Ezekiel Worthen, Jr., 
(of Epping), as shown by the follow- 
ing circumstances. 

Before December, 1781, Ezekiel 
Worthen, Jr., had removed from 
Epping, N. II., to Salisbury, Mass. 
He died at Amesbury, April 7, 1803, 
as shown by the vital records of that 
town, which describe him as '"Cap- 
tain." His grandson, Air. James 
Worthen of Melrose, "Mass., who 
died in August, 1893, aged 90 years, 
had his commission as captain, since 
unfortunately destroyed by lire, his 
sword, still preserved in the family, 
and other * personal effects including 
a copy of Ovid's Metamorphoses 
with his name inscribed on the fly- 
leaf. Mrs. Maria Worthen Currier, 
a daughter of Mr. James Worthen, 
recalls having seen the commission. 
James Worthen left a memorandum 
stating in substance that his grand- 
father, Capt. Ezekiel Worthen, was 
born in Kensington, N. II., about. 
1740 (the exact date was March 30, 
1746) and died at Amesbury, Mass., 
in .April, 1803; that "he commanded 
the last company which embarked 
at the retreat from Long Island; 
his lieutenant named Robinson was 
killed by his side after landing on the 
Main by a cannon shot striking him 
on his head." 

The writer was at first puzzled by 
this note, as neither Capt. Ezekiel 
Worthen of Epping nor his father 
could have been present at the battle 
of Long Island, being in service else- 
where. It appears, however, from 
the War Rolls that Thomas Dearborn, 
first lieutenant of Capt. Ezekiel 


The Granite Monthly 

Worthen's company, Col. Stephen 
Peabodv's regiment, was killed on 
August* 30, 1778. On August 29, 
the important battle of Rhode Island 
had been fought, in which the Ameri- 
cans severely defeated the enemy, in- 
flicting a loss of 1,023 men. The total 
American loss was 211. Lafayette 
called it the best fought battle of the 
Revolution and Sullivan praised the 
conduct of his officers and men, only 
1,500 of whom had ever before been 
in action. The next day (August 
30) word was received that Lord 
Howe's fleet had sailed with 5,000 
reinforcements, to raise the siege of 
Newport, and General Sullivan 
deemed it expedient to withdraw at 
once from Rhode Island. After night- 
fall he began the retreat and by mid- 
night the entire army had crossed to 
Tiverton on the mainland. Sullivan's 
barge was the last to leave the shore, 
and as it did so the enemy appeared 
upon the hills and opened fire, wound- 
ing several of the general's life guards. 
Apparently there were no casualties 
at any other time on August 30, and 
Lieutenant Dearborn must have been 
killed during the retreat. He doubt- 
less met his death by a cannon ball 
"striking him on his head" — "after 
landing on the Main" — as described 
by Mr. James Worthen, whose ac- 
count of the essential facts was prob- 
ably correct, although he had con- 
fused Rhode Island with Long Island 
and inaccurately remembered the 
name of the lieutenant who was killed. 
The above tends to identify Cap- 
tain Worthen of Colonel Peabody's 
regiment as the younger Ezekiel — 
Mr. James Worthen's grandfather — 
but the question is settled by proving 
a complete "alibi" for Ezekiel, Sr. 
The town clerk's book of Kensington 
for 1778 shows that Capt. Ezekiel 
Worthen of that town was put at the 
head of a committee designated in 
February to draw up instructions to 
the delegate to be sent to the proposed 
Constitutional Convention at Con- 
cord. The committee reported and at 

the town meeting held on June 1, 1778, 
Capt. Ezekiel Worthen was chosen as 
delegate to the Convention, which 
was to meet at Concord on June 10. 
Capt. Ezekiel Worthen of Colonel 
Peabody's regiment was enrolled on 
March 13, 1778, and discharged Jan- 
uary 6, 1779. It is uncertain just 
when Colonel Peabody's regiment 
marched, but the orderly book of 
Adjutant Sylvanus Reed published in 
Vol. IX of the Collections of the Ken: 
Hampshire Historical Society shows 
that it was quartered in Providence as 
early as May 26, and that Captain 
Worthen was chosen May 31, 1778, as 
a member of a Court Martial "to set- 
to-morrow morning at 9 o'clock at 
Hacker's Hall to try such prisoners 
as may be brought before them." 
On the very day, therefore, when this 
Court Martial convened, the town 
meeting of Kensington elected the 
elder Ezekiel a delegate to the Consti- 
tutional Convention. Again on June 
8, two days before this convention 
met in Concord, Captain Worthen of 
Colonel Peabody's regiment sat on a 
Court Martial at Hacker's Hall, 
Providence. He did similar duty on 
June 30 and July 24. 

In. 1779 a Captain Ezekiel Worthen 
commanded a company in Col. 
Hercules Mooney's regiment in Rhode 
Island and was also paymaster of 
the regiment. This fact explains 
another note by Air. James Worthen 
to the effect that his grandfather was 
at one time a paymaster in the Revolu- 
tionary army. The War Rolls of 
New Hampshire show clearly that 
the paymaster in Colonel Mooney's 
regiment was Capt. Ezekiel Worthen 
of Epping. There is no doubt, in 
view'of the facts above presented, that 
he was the same Capt. Ezekiel 
Worthen who participated in the 
Rhode Island campaign of the pre- 
ceding year. 

The writer has endeavored in the 
foregoing brief study to dispel some 
of the obscurity in which certain 
points of the life and service of Major 

Cubbctfs Pond 


Eiekiel Worthen of Kensington have 
Uvome involved and hopes that his 
efforts may contribute in some degree 
to a tie&rer and more complete knowl- 
edge of this distinguished patriot of 
the Colonial and Revolutionary 

*Credit is due Mr. Arthur Bartlett Worthen 
of Salem Depot, X. H., and Mr. Geo. Osgood 
of Kensington for examining original records 
at Kensington. Exeter and Concord and to 
Mrs. Maria "Worthen Currier of Melrose, 
Mass., Miss Josephine P. Dow of Exeter, X. 
H., and others for contributing information 
derived from family records and traditions. 


By William Samuel Harris 

Cobbett's Pond in Windham de- 
rived its name from the Rev. Thomas 
Cobbet, a prominent Puritan divine 
of the first generation in the Massa- 
chusetts Bay Colony, who was min- 
ister in Lynn, 1637-56, and in Ips- 
wich, 1656-85. In the public records 
his name is sometimes found spelled 
Cobbett and Cobbitt as well as Cob- 
bet, but there seems to be no ques- 
tion that the last named method 
was considered by himself as the cor- 
rect one. 

Concerning the life of Air. Cobbet 
and his "farm" of 590 acres border- 
ing on this pond, which the General 
Court of Massachusetts granted to 
him in 1662, the Granite Monthly 
of January, 1917, contained some 
account. Mr. Cobbet had been dead 
a third of a century when the first 
settlement was made of the region 
embracing his grant and the pond 
near which it lay — Nut field, soon 
named Londonderry. Just when and 
how his name first began to be ap- 
plied to the pond is not known, 
but the early Scotch-Irish settlers 
of Londonderry must have found 
the name already well established 
when they appeared upon the scene, 
otherwise we would expect them to 
have given it some appellation brought 
from their own Old Country, or at least 
of their own selection. 

The first use of the name in public 
records, so far as is known to the 
writer, is found in the Proprietors' 
Records of Londonderry, under date 

of October 29, 1723, only four and 
a half years after the first planting 
of their settlement: "Laid- out by 
order of the town afarm Given in 
the Charter to the Rev d m r James 
m c Gregore Containing two hundred 
and fifty acres of land lying and being 
to the northeast of Cubages pond 
so Called.'.' (Early Records of Lon- 
donderry, as printed, Vol. 2, p. 84.) 

One would like much to know what 
the aborigines called this beautiful 
sheet of water, if indeed they had 
any distinctive name for it, as gen- 
eration after generation paddled their 
canoes over its blue waters and drew 
the fish from its depths, before eyes 
of white men ever beheld it. But 
although Indian names for some 
of the neighboring ponds have been 
preserved, no hint of any aboriginal 
name applied to this pond has come 
down to us. This may not be an 
unmitigated misfortune in view of 
some of the uncouth, unpronounce- 
able, and unspellable names which 
the Red Men left behind them. In 
fact, as far as orthography is con- 
cerned, plain Cobbett's has been a 
sufficient tax on the ability of suc- 
cessive generations of white men. 

Whether it is as picturesque and 
poetic a name as might be desired, 
it has, during a period of two hun- 
dred years, become so interwoven 
with the daily speech, public records, 
title deeds, maps, literature, and local 
history of a historic region, as to pre- 
clude the thought of change. 


The Granite Monthly 

In the early town records and 
proprietors' records of Londonderry, 
the name of the pond is mentioned 
about thirty times between 1723 
and 1741, and is spelled in nine 
different ways. The form Cobats, 
first found in 1728, is used in about 
half of these places, and Cobbats 
occurs twice. The other forms all 
contain a g, and are Cubages, Cu- 
bagess, Cubbages, Cubbagess, Co- 
bages, Cobagess, and lastly Cabages, 
this found only once. These cor- 
ruptions are to be explained as a 
sort of double possessive, meaning 
Cobbets's, as one might say Hills's 
for Hill's or Fields's for Field's. 
Considering that few people in those 
early days knew the origin of the 
name or ever saw it written, and 
that there was hardly a standard 
for spelling anything, it is rather 
remarkable that the name was trans- 
mitted without even more variations 
than it sustained. 

The town records of Draeut, Mass., 
in 1733 have the name of this pond 
Cobets. In the town records of 
Windham its first mention is in 
1754 with the spelling Cobbats. 
The next year the spelling is Cobats. 
In a deed written in 1766, apparently 
by Lieut. Samuel Morison, one of 
the leading citizens of Windham, 
Cobbets pond is mentioned. But 
in a document written by the same 
hand four years later, on one page 
the name is spelled in three ways — 
Cobets, Cobbets, and Cobbetts. The 
use of the apostrophe came later. 

The first published map on which 
the pond was named was probably 
the famous map of Xew Hampshire 
prepared by Dr. Philip C am gain, 
by authority of the legislature, and 
published in 1816. But by some 
unfortunate calamity the name lost 
its final letters and appeared as 
Cabbo P., and this error was copied 
in Merrill's Gazetteer of New Hamp- 
shire, published in Exeter the fol- 
lowing year. But this error was 
matched on a pocket map of the 
state published in Portsmouth be- 

tween 1830 and 1840, in which the 
name was decapitated and given as 
Abott P. 

In Parmer and Moore's Gazetteer 
of New Hampshire, issued in 1823, 
the pond appears as Cabot's, and this 
inaccuracy was repeated in Hay- 
ward's Gazetteer of New England, 
1839, and in two later Gazetteers 
of New Hampshire, Charlton's, 1857, 
and Fogg's, 1875. In the early 
church records of Windham occurs 
the form C abbot's. 

As if the name had not passed 
through variations enough, on the 
large, carefully prepared wall map 
of Rockingham County, published 
in Philadelphia in 1857 and 1859, 
the name for the first time acquires 
a wholly inexcusable r and becomes 
Corbetts. This error was retained 
in Kurd's Atlas of New Hampshire, 
1892, and has not been entirely out- 
grown to the present time. 

In the Poems of Robert Dinsmoor, 
the "Rustic Bard," printed in 1828, 
we have the first authoritative spell- 
ing of the name in print by one who 
lived on the shores of the pond, in- 
deed on the very land granted to 
Mr. Cobbet, and who knew the cor- 
rect orthography. In this volume 
it is spelled Cobbet's, which form 
should never have been thereafter 
varied from. But the second t, 
having been introduced in the name- 
of the pond two-thirds of a century 
ago, has become too firmly estab- 
lished to be dropped now. 

The first occurrence of the name 
in print, spelled exactly as at pres- 
ent, Cobbett's, is probablv on page 
181 of Rev. E. L. Parker's History 
of Londonderry, published in 1851. 
This spelling was followed on the 
map of New Hampshire — the most 
accurate map of the whole state ever 
published — which was issued in 1878 
as a part of C. If. Hitchcock's Report 
on the Geology of New Hampshire. 
It was followed in Morrison's His- 
tory of Windham, 1883, and in 
various other books and publica- 
tions since. 

The Dead 135 

Still another form of the name not too firmly entrenched by local 

appeared on the Manchester sheet usage. But recently (January 3, 

of -the topographic map issued in 1917), the Board, having received 

1905 by the United States Geolog- representations concerning local usage 

ical Survey — Cobbett pond. This continued through nearly two hun- 

was in accordance with the rules of dred years, has rendered a decision 

{he United States Geographic Board, restoring the final s (but without the 

which aims to simplify names by apostrophe), thus sanctioning the or- 

discarding possessive forms wherever thography Cobbetts Pond. 


By Harold W. Melrin 

Leap, winds of spring, 

Flow, rivers of glory, 
Shout, poet, thy anthem, 

Chant, singer, thy story — 
But the Dead lie unheeding 
'Mid the reeds of the river. 

Glory may come again, 
Proud wave our banners, 

Peace walk our earth once more, 
With old trusting manners — 

But the Dead lie unheeding 

On the bed of the ocean. 

They have given all to us, 
The Dead of the nations, 

Sacrificed our own white hopes 
Foregone life's relations — 

And now lie unheeding 

'Neath the corn on the meadows. 


By Lewis Carroll 

Sweet valley, set amid the Crystal Hills 

With singing streams that come from out the snow 
To wind about you wooingly and flow, 

Sighing away, to turn the distant mills 

In dark and noisy towns of greed and ills; 
. Your fair face wears the smile God might bestow 
On one he frees from long tumultuous woe, 

While with transcendent peace her spirit fills. 

Dear vale, Avoca, every hour of day 

I've seen your face and heard your voice; by light 
Of noon you fairest are my eyes would say; 

At eve your symphonies my ears delight, — 
And midnight dark when you your spirit lay 

On mine, and soothe throughout the sleeping night. 
North Woodstock, X. H. 

An old name for Pemigewassett Valley. 



Hon. Henry Francis Green, a prominent 
citizen and business man of Littleton, died at 
his home in that town, May 9, 1917. 

Mr. Green was a native of Lyndon, Vt., 
born February 6, 1844, the son of Harry and 
Manila (Smith) Green. His father was a 
farmer, but died when Henry F. was quite 
young, and his mother married James Kim- 
ball of Bath, X. II., with whom he lived a 
short time, and then took a course in the 
Eastman Business College at Poughkeepsie, 
N. Y. Subsequently he was for a time sta- 
tion agent at Barton, Vt., and then went to 
Indianapolis. Ind., where he was engaged as 
bookkeeper in the flour business. 

Returning east, he located in Littleton in 
1877, where he continued thereafter. He was 
for a time a partner with his brother-in-law, 
the late Charles Eaton, in the grocery busi- 
ness, with whom he was for a time, later en- 
gaged in lumbering, but had been for most of 
his life in Littleton connected with the Sara- 
nac Glove Company, of which he soon be- 
came treasurer and so continued, his great 
business ability contributing in large measure 
to the success of this well known concern. 

He was long actively identified with the 
public affairs of the town, having been man- 
ager of the town water and light department, 
member of the school board and selectman 
many years, and representative in the state 
legislature. He was for three terms a mem- 
ber of the Board of County Commissioners, 
a member of the Executive Council during 
the term of Governor Rollins, a delegate in 
the Constitutional Convention of 1902 and 
for six years a member of the New Hampshire 
Bank Commission. He had been a director 
of the Littleton National Bank since 189S, 
and its president since 1909, and was also a 
trustee of the Littleton Savings Bank. In 
politics he was a stanch Republican, in re- 
ligion a Congregationalism and was a Knight 
Templar and a 32d degree Mason. 

June 18, 1872, he was united in maniage 
with Miss Jennie M. Smith, who survives 

Hiram Bement Cheney, a native of Brad- 
ford, born L>ecember 10, 1S34, but long a 
leading citizen of Newbury, died at his home 
in that town April 28, 1917. 

Mr. Cheney had only the advantage of a 
common school education, but was endowed 
with strong mental powers, read much, and 
became a man of influence in the community. 
He taught school in youth, and pursued the 
life of a farmer in which he took great interest, 
and was more than ordinarily successful. He 
was long deeply interested in the Bradford 
and Newburv Fair Association, of which he 

was at one time president. Politically he was 
an uncompromising Democrat. He had been 
superintending school committee, selectman 
and chairman of the board, and represented 
his town in the legislature of 1901, serving on 
the Agricultural College Committee. He had 
also been his party's candidate for councilor 
and other important offices. He was for some 
time a trustee of the Guaranty Savings 
Bank of Newport. His wife died some time 
since, but he leaves two sons and a daughter — 
Edson H. Cheney of Concord, Weston 
Cheney of Sutton, and Mrs. Edna Cheney 

Francis P. Whittemore, who had for some 
time enjoyed the distinction of being the old- 
est active printer in the state died on May 
10, 1917, at his home in Nashua. 

He was born in Peterborough, March 29,. 
1825, the son of Bernard B. Whittemore of 
that town. When sixteen years of age he. 
went to Nashua as a clerk in the post office. 
Later he went to Palmer, Mass., and learned 
the printer's trade in the office of the Palmer 
Sentinel. Returning to Nashua in 1S46, with 
his brother, the late B. B. Whittemore, he 
purchased the Nashua Gazette, which paper 
they conducted for forty-three years, till 
1889, when they sold out to a stock company,, 
which discontinued business a few years later. 
Since disposing of the paper Mr. Whittemore 
had continued business as a job printer, and 
was actively engaged nearly up to the time 
of his death. Politically he was an earnest 
Democrat, and the Gazette, during the pro- 
prietorship of himself and brother, was re- 
garded as one of the most reliable organs of 
that party in the state. His wife, children 
and all near relatives preceded him in death. 

Hon. Edward Hermon Carroll, councilor 
for the Fifth New Hampshire District, died 
at his home in Warner, April 30, 1917. 

Councilor Carroll was a native of Suttom 
son of the late Alonzo C. and Mercy (Hale) 
Carroll, born October 30, 1854, but removed 
with his parents to Warner, in early life, where 
his father engaged in trade. He was edu- 
cated at the Simonds Free High School, and 
engaged in business with his father till the 
death of the latter in 1894, when he went to 
Manchester where he was engaged in the real 
estate and insurance business, with A. J. 
Lane for two years, then returning to Warner 
where he was ever after active in business and 
political life, being extensively engaged in 
lumbering for many years, as well as strongly 
interested in agriculture. 

An active Republican, Mr. Carroll was 
postmaster of Warner from 1877 till 1884,. 

Xew Hampshire Necrology 


when he resigned the office. He was a mem- 
b?r of the town school board from I8S6 to 
jsvj; treasurer of the county of Merrimack 

front 1890 to 1892, and represented the town 
in the legislature of 1893, serving as chairman 
of the important Committee on Incorpora- 
tions, and was the author of the famous Car- 
roll Highway Bill. In 1898 he was appointed 
national bank examiner, holding the office 
until his resignation in 1905. \\ nile examiner 
he was named as receiver of the Colebrook 
National Bank, serving from January to July, 
1S99, collecting for the bank during that time 
approximately $100,000 and turning the in- 
stitution over to the directors in sound finan- 
cial condition. He had been a trustee of the 
Union Guarantv Savings Bank of Concord 
since 1887. 

Attached to the Masonic order, he held 
membership in Harris Lodge of Warner, 
Woods Chapter of Heuniker, Horace Chase 
Chapter, Mt. Horeb Commandery and Bek- 
tasb Temple of Concord. 

Mr. Carroll was united hi marriage August 
13, 1877, with Susie C, daughter of John and 
Lucinda (Robinson) Putney, a native of 
Lowe 1, Mass. Two children were born to 
Mr. and Mrs. Carroll — Edward Leon, his 
father's partner, born December 11, 1SS0, and 
Alonzo, who died in infancy. 


Hon. Lewis W. Fling, probably the oldest 
member of the Xew Hampshire bar, at the 
time of his decease, died at his home in Bristol, 
Apiil 20, 1917, at the great age of ninety-two 

He was born in Windsor, Vt., December 6, 
1824, and was educated at the Xew England 
Seminary in that town, Claremont (\. H.) 
Academy and the Norwich (Vt.) University 
or Military Institute. He taught school for a 
time, but in 1847 commenced the study of 
law in the office of the late Chief Justice 
Jonathan E. Sargent, then practicing in 
Canaan, with whom he removed to Went- 
worth, where he concluded his studies and was 
admitted to the bar in 1851. He became a 
partner of Judge Sargent upon admission and 
continued two years, when, in 1859, he re- 
moved to Bristol, where he continued through 
life, succ eding to the practice there of the 
late Hon. X. B. Bryant, and occupying the 
same office for sixty-four years. For thirteen 
years, from 1881 to 1894," Ira A. Chase was a 
partner of Mr. Fling. 

Being a Democrat in politics in a town 
trongly Republican, he was not favored with 
public office as he would have been in different 
circumstances, but in 1871 and 1872 during 
a Democratic regime in the state, he was 
elected to the Senate where, he took a promi- 
nent part in the legislation enacted at that 
time, and was given the honorary degree of 
A. M., by Dartmouth College. 

Mr. Fling had served as superintending 
school committee in Bristol, and for many 

years as a member of the board of education. 
He was a Methodist in religion, and was long 
choir leader in the Methodist Episcopal 
church of Bristol. He was a charter member 
of Union Lodge, No. 79, A. F. & A. M. 

April 20, 1853, Mr. Fling married Miss 
Maria Currier of Wentworth, who died 
August 19, 1854. December 18, 1S55, he was- 
united in marriage with Miss Margarette- 
Sleener, daughter of Rev. Walter Sleeper, 
her death occurring November 6, 1908. Of t he- 
four children born to them, two survive — 
Charles W. of Bristol, and Mrs. Oscar F. 
Fellows of Bucksport, Me. A son, Harry S.,. 
died in 1861 at the age of two years, and a 
daughter, Mrs. James H. Pitman, died at 
LaGrange, Ga., in 1892. 

Although not a Xew Hampshire man by 
birth, nor a resident of the state at the time 
of his decease, Charles Hardon, long an es- 
teemed resident of Contoocook, where he was 
a minister of the Swedenborgian, or Xew 
Church, for some time and a principal of the 
academy, is properly entitled to* mention in 
this department. 

Mr. Hardon, who died at the home of his- 
son in Pomona, Cal., April 28, was a native 
of Mansfield, Mass., born January 2, 1S34, 
and a graduate of Amherst College of the- 
class of 1855. For a year he taught in the- 
Delaware Literary Institute of Franklin, later 
entering the Andover (Mass.) Theological 
Seminary, and completing his studies in the 
Obcrlin (Ohio) Theological School. He sup- 
plied the pulpit of the Wesleyan Methodist 
Church for a short time, and in 1S61 he became- 
a reader of the works of Emanuel Swedenborg, 
deciding to devote himself to the ministry of 
the Xew Church, as it was then called. Be- 
ginning in 1871 he preached for several years 
in Contoocook and was principal of Contoo- 
cook Academy for some time. 

He continued his residence in Contoocook,. 
until three years ago last December, when he 
took up his residence in California where a 
son was living, while a daughter remained in 
Contoocook. He was a devoted disciple of 
Henry George, in his single-tax propaganda, 
and a vigorous and prolific writer for the 
press. He was an active Patron of Husban- 
dry, and for several years chaplain of Mer- 
rimack County Pomona Grange, in which 
organization, as in the public at large, he had 
many friends. 

Capt. Daniel B. Xewhall, a prominent 
Civil War veteran, as well as a veteran Con- 
cord fireman, died at his home in Concord,. 
May 31, 1917, after a long illness. 

Captain Xewhall was born in Xew Hamp- 
ton, February 10, 1837, the son of Thomas H. 
and Lucinda (Brown) Xewhall, and was 
educated in the Concord public schools. At 
the outbreak of the Civil War, he enlisted in. 


The Granite Monthly 

Company F, First New Hampshire Volun- 
teers, reSnlisting in Company B, Eighth New 
Hampshire Regiment, and was mustered out 
cm August 9, 1864, as first lieutenant and 
acting captain. He was wounded at the 
battle of Yellow Bayou. 

Pie was a member of the Nashua Fire De- 
partment for six years and of the Concord 
Fire Department for twenty-one years, being 
chief engineer of the Concord Fire Depart- 
ment for many years. He was for many years 
mail transfer clerk at the railroad station in 
Concord, retiring three years ago on account 
of ill health. 

He was past department commander of the 
G. A. R. for New Hampshire; he organized 
and was first president of the Concord Vet- 
eran Firemen's Association, and was past 
chancellor commander of the Concord Lodge, 
Knights of Pythias, and captain of Pillsbury 
Division, No. 3, Uniform Rank of the Knights 
of Pythias. 

Besides a widow, he is survived by a son. 
Frank L. Newhall, and a daughter, J. Blanche. 


Hon. William B. Dunlap of Chicago, 111., 
who died in that city Saturday, the 10th day 
of March last, was born at West Salisbury, 
N. H., October 3, 1840. the son of John B. 
and Ruth M. (Pingree) Dunlap. Mr. Dun- 
lap was reared upon the farm and educated 
in the public schools of his native town and 
at Andover (N. II.) Academy. 

Upon coming of age he entered upon a 
clerkship in the general assortment store of 
Francis & Graham at Bethel, Vt. These men 
soon discovered that they had in young Dun- 
lap a counter salesman of rare efficiency and 
worth to their business. The senior partner 
of the firm soon removed to Mattoon, 111., 
and was accompanied by Mr. Dunlap, who 
continued in his service in mercantile trade. 
The business men of that growing young city 
soon recognized the uprightness and attention 

to business of Mr. Dunlap and called him 
from the salesman's craft to the cashiership 
of their newly organized bank. His success 
in the banking business of his city and state 
soon developed into larger opportunities and 
responsibilities, and he promoted and be- 
came the president and business head of other 
banks, and an extensive invester of money 
for his eastern acquaintances in western secu- 

He was for some years mayor of his adopted 
city of Mattoon. He retired from trust duties 
and removed to Chicago in 1S95. where he 
was an active member of the Union League 
Club and of the Sons of the American Revo- 
lution, to which he was eligible by virtue of 
his grandfather's seven years' service under 

He married Miss Kate, daughter of Re\\ 
Mr. Wood, a Presbyterian clergyman of 
Mattoon February 21, 1866, who survives 
him, as do also his eldest daughter, Estelle, 
the wif i of Russell S. Clark, and Katherine 
D., the wife of Frank S. Wright, both of 

Mr. Dunlap's life work and success in busi- 
ness has been conspicuous and worthy of 
treasure as one of the most efficient and nota- 
ble of the Sons of New Hampshire. A man 
of fine physique, tall, well proportioned, and 
of dignified presence, his body was a fitting 
symbol of his mind. He never lost his in- 
terest in the friends and scenes of his youth 
in New Hampshire, where he made periodical 
visits up to the autumn previous to his de- 
cease. He had a deeply sympathetic nature 
and under a quiet exterior he was possessed 
of a heart of unusual affection. 

There are a few of the fading band of school 
fellows and friends of the youth, and young 
manhood of '"Billy Dunlap/' as he was af- 
fectionately called in New Hampshire, who 
will recall something of his quiet store of wit 
and wisdom which showed him so human and 
lovable. — Samuel E. Pingree. 


It was announced in the last issue of the 
Granite Monthly for 1016 that, on ac- 
count of the vastly increased cost of produc- 
tion, and naturally limited circulation, the 
number of pages in this year's volume would 
necessarily be materially reduced. This 
accounts for the appearance of this double 
number, for May and June, with only the 
same amount of matter as was formerly given 
each month; but it may be remembered in 
this connection, that the April number was 
nearly double the usual size, so that, up to 
the present time, our readers have been getting 
all that was promised, or that could reason- 
ably be expected in this time of care and stress. 

The annual meeting of the N. H Old Home 
Week Association was held June 1, and the old 

board of officers reelected with the exception 
of the vice-presidents, most of whom are new 
men. Old Home Week opens this year 
August 13, and a general observance is 
hoped for, notwithstanding the war excite- 
ment everywhere prevailing. There is no 
sentiment more conducive to patriotism 
among the people, than love of home and the 
associations connected therewith. 

' 'Ocr Country, " is the title of a new song, 
timely and inspiring in sentiment, written 
by New Hampshire's '"sweet singer" and 
most loyal daughter — Edna Dean Proctor — 
and set to music by David Proctor of New 
York. It should be heard in many a 
public gathering on the corning anniversary 
of the nation's birth. 


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Dedicated July Fourth, Nineteen Hundred and Seventeen 

The Granite Monthly 

Vol. XLIX, Nos 


Xew Series, Vol. XII, Nos. 7- 8 


Dedication at Nottingham Square, July Fourth, 1917 

Upon one of the most notable his- 
toric sites in the old Granite State, — 
the square at Nottingham, whence 
marched to battle for the patriot 
cause as brave a body of citizen 
soldiery as ever took up arms for 
the right, immediately upon receipt 
of the news from Concord and Lex- 
ington in April. 1775, there occurred, 
on the last anniversary of our national 
independence, an event of which it is 
proper that some record should be 
made in these pages, the same being 
the formal dedication of a monument 
tQ the memory of four distinguished 
citizens of the town, all officers of 
note in the Revolutionary service, 
and in the militia of the State, influ- 
ential in public life and held in highest 
respect in the community and the 

This monument had been erected 
on the square, through the active 
instrumentality of Else Cilley Chap- 
ter, D. A. R., of Nottingham, Mrs. 
Mary B. Cilley present regent, the 
committee to laise the necessary 
funds including besides the regent, 
Charlotte Butler Stevens, a niece of 
Gen. Benjamin F. Butler, and Miss 
Laura A. Marston, past regent. It 
is of Concord, Quincy and Westerly 
granite, sixteen feet in height, and is 
surmounted by the figure of a minute 
man. A picture of the same appears 
as a frontispiece to this article. 

Else Cilley Chapter, D. A. R... 
organized in Nottingham in 1898, 
has done much in the way of marking 
historic sites. A boulder and bronze 

tablet has been placed in memory of 
General Marston on the site of the 
first block house in town (in the 
section now Deerfield), a boulder to 


Another View of the Monument 

Capt, Joseph Cilley, who first settled 
in Nottingham, a marker to Gen. 
Henry Dearborn, and one on the site 
of the first log cabin built by Captain 


The Granite Monthly 


Historic Home of Mrs. Mary B, Cilley 

Cilley, being a part of the Chapter's 
work, which has culminated m the 
splendid monument dedicated on the 




Mrs. Mary B. Cilley 

The exercises incident to the dedi- 
cation opened at 10.30 a. m., with a 
concert by Xevers' Band of Concord, 

followed by a reception at the famous 
Cilley mansion which has been the 
family home for more than a century, 
Mrs. Mary Butler Cilley, regent of 
the Chapter, who is not only the 
great-granddaughter by marriage of 
Gen. Joseph Cilley, but the great- 
great-granddaughter of Gen. Henry 
Butler, being assisted in receiving by 
Miss Laura A. Marston, past regent, 
Miss Amanda Stevens and Miss 
Charlotte Butler Stevens. Refresh- 
ments were served in connection with 
the reception. 

Following the reception the dedi- 
catory exercises proper opened with 
the singing of "America'" by the 
audience, nearly a thousand people 
being assembled. Prayer was offered 
by the Rev. I. D. Morrison of Not- 
tingham. The statue was then un- 
veiled by six children — Elizabeth, 
Josephine, Mary Louise and Frederick 
Fernald of Nottingham and Joseph 
and Robert Burley of Brookline, Mass. 
The "Battle Hymn of the Republic' 7 
was then sung, following which Miss 
Laura A. Marston, past regent, 
delivered the address of welcome, to 
which Miss Anna Wallace, of Roches- 
ter, for the New Hampshire D. A. R., 

All Interesting Historic Event 


I ■esponded. Patriotic remarks of 
fitting character by Gen. Jonathan 
p, Ciilcy of Rockland, Me., and Rev. 
Dr. Spauldmg of Brookline, Mass., 
concluding the forenoon programme, 
which was felicitously carried out 
under the direction of Dr. Fred 
pernald as president of the day. 

After a generous lunch, furnished 
by Nardini of Concord, served on the 
irrcen by a corps of young ladies, the 
afternoon programme, the more im- 
portant feature of the day, was in 
order. This consisted of music by 
the band and two notable addresses, 
the first by John Scales of Dover, of 
historical and biographical interest, 
covering in detail the record of the 
[our generals in whose honor the 
monument was erected, and the 
second a patriotic address, which 
may fittingly be characterized as 
m oration, by Col. John H. Bartlett 
:»f Portsmouth. Both were of high 
iterary merit, listened to with close 
mention, and commanded universal 

Mr. Scales' Address 

Following is a brief of the address 
ielivered by Air. Scales. The delivery 
)f the address occupied about one 
lour; the briefs convey only a cursory 
understanding of the important events 
n which these men were participants. 

The Four Generals were born: 
Joseph Cilley, at Nottingham, 1734; 
rhomas Bartlett, at Newbury, Mass., 
745; Henry Dearborn, at North 
Iampton, 1751; Henry Butler, at 
North Andover, Mass., 1754. The 
irst three were colonels in the Revo- 
lutionary War, .the fourth was captain 
>f a company at West Point. They 
fere major generals of New Hamp- 
hire militia,— Cilley in 1786, Bartlett 
o 1798, Butler in 1808; Dearborn was 
aajor general of the Maine militia in 
'.95. He was also • senior major 
eneral in the War of 1812, of the 
American army in Canada. At one 
ime they all lived on Nottingham 

Square, on the four corners. It was 
Dearborn's residence for ten years. 

General Joseph Cilley was son 
of Captain Joseph and Elce (Rawlins) 
Cilley. He was born in Nottingham, 
where his father was one of the earliest 
settlers. His father brought the son 
up to do all kinds of farm work, and 
perform all the duties incident to 
frontier life, when the Indians were 
very bad neighbors. The senior 
Joseph was captain of a company of 
Indian fighters and scoutsmen. So 
the school education of Joseph, Jr., 
was very limited. Yet he became a 
well informed man, and one of the 
keenest business men of the town. 
He accumulated a large property. 
At his death he was the richest man in 
the town. The record does not show 
that he was much engaged in military 
affairs before the Revolution began, 
but he developed into a thoroughly 
competent soldier, and leader of men. 

He was representative for Notting- 
ham in the Provincial Congresses at 
Exeter in 1775. He was major of 
Colonel Poor's regiment in 1775, and 
lieutenant-colonel in 1776. In April, 
1777, he was appointed colonel of the 
First New Hampshire Regiment, in 
place of Colonel Stark, who had 
resigned. He held that commission 
three years, and the regiment's record 
is one of the finest in New Hampshire's 
history, in the Revolution. His com- 
mand at Bemis' Heights, September, 
1777, was specially brilliant, and gave 
him everlasting fame. Also at the 
battle of Monmouth in June, 1778. 
In the campaign against the Indians 
in western New York, in 1779, under 
command of General Sullivan, he has 
a good record. As he was engaged in 
New York the statement is incorrect, 
that appears in many notices of his 
career, which says, — "with Anthony 
Wayne at the storming; of Stony 
Point July 19, 1779." He was with 
General Sullivan in New York all 
summer, so could not be at Stony 
Point July 19. 

After the war he was representative, 
state senator, councillor, and can- 





Historian of the Day, whose Great-Great-Grandfather was one of the 
First Settlers of Nottingham 

An Interesting Historic Event 


(litidtie for presidential elector, but 
defeated as he was anti-Federalist, 
bitterly opposed to President Adams. 
He was one of the founders of the 
Ordei of the Cincinnati in New 
Hampshire, and its president. He 
was prominent in the order of Free 
Masons, being a member of Sullivan 
Lodge., of Nottingham 

Gex. Thomas Bartlett, born at 
Newbury, Mass., in 1745: son of 
Israel and Love (Hall) Bartlett, who 
was one of the early settlers in Not- 
tingham. The son came to Notting- 
ham to reside about 1765, at ' the 
Square, and that was his home for 
forty years, dying there in 1805. He 
was well educated, and was land 
surveyor, tanner, and merchant, with 
an excellent farm. When he was 
twenty-eight years old he married 
General Cilley's only daughter, and 
eldest child; she was sixteen. His 
store was on the northwest corner of 
the Square, where he engaged in 
general trade, about 1770; that store 
was in continuous business for more 
than ninety years, by him and his son, 
Gen. Bradbury Bartlett. In the 
cellar of that store he concealed several 
barrels of the powder that General 
Sullivan had brought from Fort 
William and Mary, in December, 1774, 
to Durham Falls, whence it was carted 
to various points for safe keeping. 
When it was called for in 1775. 
General Bartlett had it carted to 
Exeter, and from there it was sent to 
Winter Hill, for General Sullivan's 

General Bartlett commenced his 
military career in 1771, when he was 
commissioned by Gov. John Went- 
worth, first lieutenant in a company 
of the Provincial militia; in 1798 he 
was made major general of the New 
Hampshire militia, and held the 
office till his death in 1805. Between 
those dates he was captain of a com- 
pany in Col. John Waldion's regiment 
at Winter Hill, 1775-1776, serving 
until the evacuation of Boston in 
March, 1776. He was lieutenant- 

colonel of Col. Stephen LNans's 
regiment in the battles that led up to 
the surrender of General Burgoyne, 
at Saratoga, October 19, 1777. Lie 
was colonel of a regiment of New 
Hampshire troops at West Pout, in 
1780, when General Arnold tried to 
betray the American army under his 
command there. He was brigadier 
general of New Hampshire militia in 
1 787. He was selectman thirty years ; 
town clerk twenty-six years; represen- 
tative many times, and speaker of the 
House in' 1787, 17SS, 1789, 1790. 
Appointed justice of the Court of 
Common Pleas in 1790 and held the 
office until his death. Nottingham 
conferred more honors on General 
Bartlett than on any other man. 

Gex. Henry Dearborn, born at 
North Hampton in 1751; died at 
Roxbury, Mass., in 1829. At twenty 
years of age he settled on Nottingham 
Square, as a practicing physician. 
He was a good doctor. Soon after 
going there he married General Bart- 
let t's sister, Mary, youngest of the 
family, and of the same age as the 
doctor. Doctor Dearborn had Not- 
tingham for his home for ten years, 
when he was not in the army. Next 
his home was at Exeter till 1784. In 
that year he and two of his brothers 
commenced the settlement at Mon- 
mouth, Me. He gave that town the 
name, in honor of the battle in which 
he won the commendation of Wash- 
ington for his bravery and skill, as 
commander. Later he had a fine 
residence at Roxbury, Mass., at which 
he died in 1829. 

Lie was captain of the company of 
Minute Men who marched from 
Nottingham Square on the night of 
April 20-21, 1775, in response to the 
news that the British had commenced 
war at Lexington and Concord; he 
had sixty men; among them were 
Cilley, Bartlett, Butler and other 
prominent men of the town, and 
the adjoining towns. Previous to that 
frequent drills had been held on the 
Square, in front of General Bartlett's 


The Granite Monthly 

store. He was captain of a company 
in Col. John Stark'? regiment, and 
fought at the rail fence, at the battle 
of Bunker Hill. He wrote the best 
account of that battle that has been 
written, so far as New Hampshire men 
are concerned. He was captain of a 
company that went with Benedict 
Arnold's expedition up the Kennebec 
River and through the forests, to 
Quebec, in the winter of 1775. He 
was taken prisoner at the battle in 
December, and held there about six 



Gen. Henry Dearborn 

months; when he was released on 
parole he returned to his home in 
Nottingham, where he remained till 
he was exchanged, and was appointed 
major of Col. Alexander Seammel's 
(3d) regiment, in April. 1777. He 
was in the battle at Bemis' Heights; 
he witnessed the surrender of Bur- 
goyne. He was a hero in the battle of 
Monmouth, 28 June 1778, and when 
Washington asked him, — "What 
troops are these under your com- 
mand?" he replied, — "Full blooded 
Yankees, sir, from New Hampshire. " 
He was colonel on Washington's staff 

at the surrender of Cornwallis, at 
Yorktown. He was United States 
Marshal for the District of Maine in 
1789. Representative in Congress 
four years, 1793-1797. Major general, 
1795-1801. Secretary of War, 1801- 
1809. Senior major general in 1812- 
1813, of the American army in 
Canada. Minister to Portugal, 1822- 

Gen. Henry Butler, born at 
North Andover, Mass., 1754; son of 
Rev. Benjamin Butler, a graduate 
from Harvard College, and minister 
of the church at Nottingham Square, 
from 1757 to 1770, when he resigned 
and gave up preaching, to engage in 
farming and literary work. He settled 
in Nottingham in 1754; he built the 
present Butler house there in 1756, 
which has remained in possession of 
the Butler family to the present day. 
He gave his son Henry a good 
education, but did not send him to 
Harvard. The son became proprietor 
of the house, and made it one of the 
most popular public houses, for many 

General Butler was a man of 
business, and could not devote much 
of his time to office holding, but he 
was an active supporter of the war, 
and gave his aid in various ways. 
He was lieutenant in Capt. Joseph 
Parsons' company, Col. Moses 
Nichols' regiment, that served in the 
Rhode Island campaign in August, 
1778, under General Sullivan. He 
was captain of a company of Notting- 
ham men who served in Col. Thomas 
Bartlett's regiment, at West Point. 
After the war Captain Butler kept 
up his interest in military affairs and 
in due time came into command of a 
regiment of militia. Next he- was 
brigadier general, and finally major 
general, in 180S, which office he held 
till his death in 1813. He was a very 
popular commander. 

The first post office in Nottingham 
was established in 1801, and General 
Butler was appointed the first post- 
master; he held the office till his death. 

An Interesting Historic Event 


Before that the nearest postoroee 
w&s at Exeter. He was Worshipful 
Master of Sullivan Lodge of Free 
Masons, and the meetings were held at 
his house, a number of years. The 
Grand Officers of the Fraternity 
officiated at his funeral, and there was 
a large attendance of the militia 
officers of high rank. 

Colonel Bartlett's Address 
The scene of this patriotic event is 
laid in realistic grandeur. On the 
bald top of this high and wooded hill 
stand, as silent sentinels, the Revo- 
lutionary homesteads of four Revo- 
lutionary generals. In the open green 
you, their descendants and friends, 
are gathered around a beautiful granite 
minute-man monument, which has 
been erected by Daughters of the 
American Revolution through the 
Elce Cilley Chapter. You are 
gathered on the fourth of July when 
the nation is again at war. Your 
purpose is not merely to honor and 
memorialize four volunteer heroes of 
the past, but particularly to celebrate 
and renew that spirit of liberty which 
we have loved to call the " spirit of 

"Life, liberty and the pursuit of 
happiness," were resolved upon as 
"inalienable rights" by pioneer 
Americans in colonial Congress as- 
sembled just one hundred and forty- 
one years ago today, — done in defiance 
of a most tyrannical despot, King 
George III, — he, of -German blood 
and Prussian character, who began 
a reign of oppression over those 
liberty-loving people, seeking by the 
use of hired Hessians to cower them 
into military shackles and to fasten 
his yoke of despotism and* autocracy 
upon them forever. Many genera- 
tions have passed, until finally we, 
now, arc having our brief day in 
history. At first we rejoice in the 
stamina and courage which led them 
to revolt against such powerful des- 
potism; then, we rejoice in their 
heroic and history-making declaration 
of liberty and independence, and 

finally in their great sacrifices through 
many years of long and decimating 
war, by which they forever inrooted 
in blood into an unyielding soil that 
principle which neither we nor 
humanity in general can ever surren- 

This day is the anniversary of that 
American "liberty and independence." 
The old "Liberty Bell," in the 
Philadelphia. State House on that 
glorious morn, rang out a joyful and 
inspiring peal when liberty was born 
in America. That old bell, cast in 
America some years theretofore, bore 
on its side, as if by prophetic vision, 
the inscription,- — "Proclaim liberty 
throughout the land unto all the 
inhabitants thereof"; and thus did it 
proclaim liberty, and thus did its 
simple but prophetic tones thrill an 
immortal inspiration of liberty into 
every breast in the New Republic. 

Again today, the same old Liberty 
Bell is ringing. Today, as then, it 
sounds an appeal for liberty at a 
time when Americans are again bat- 
tling for that liberty. Then it rang out 
the resolution of the first American 
people that "All men are created free 
and equal"; today, it peals forth the 
resolution of a new American people, 
that those liberties shall not perish. 
Years of war were necessary following 
the first declaration of liberty and 
independence in order to establish its 
recognition; and, again, years of 
world cataclysm may now await us 
before our resolution that the "world 
shall be made safe for democracy" has 
become a recognized international 
principle. As our fathers gave years 
of fighting to translate their declara- 
tion of liberty into actual accom- 
plishment after they had publicly 
declared it, so we may now be com- 
pelled to endure many a new Valley 
Forge before we shall have resecured 
that priceless liberty which we have 
inherited from the sacrifices of those 
men, — such men as these four Revo- 
lutionary generals, whom we today 
honor by the erection of this shaft of 


The Granite Monthly 

We are at, war again today for 
identically the same principle of 
liberty, and it is therefore peculiarly 
fitting that we should review the 
le^sms taught by the lives of these, 
our sturdy fathers who blazed the 
paths of liberty in the wilderness of 
America; and this you have already 
done from the lips of our distinguished 
historian. It is fitting that we again 
go back to those first ideals, and 
commune again with those stalwart 
spirits who sought and possessed 

of the past by holding up to view four 
typical Revolutionary men. 

We imperatively need this lesson 
from the Revolutionary Generals be- 
cause the level of patriotism and 
Americanism seems now lower and 
more feeble than of old. Today we 
need a fresh baptism of the old-time 
courage, a fresh inoculation of that 
Revolutionary type of loyalty, dash 
and fire, and a fresh weeding out of 
the Benedict Arnolds and Aaron Burrs. 
Have you forgotten how the spirit of 

Col. John H. Bartlett, Orator of the Day 

these shores to establish forever a 
''land of the free, and home of the 
brave," because we honor ourselves 
and give security to the future when 
we erect such monuments as this to 
become beacon lights of character 
fighting for liberty. But your historic 
association, and this beautiful old 
town among the hills are today doing 
a vital service for the nation in re- 
lighting the ancient torch of liberty, 
and revivifying the heroism and valor 

seventy-six stirred the fathers of the 
Republic? Then read again your 
history. That spirit, you will remem- 
ber, refused to trade in the slightest 
degree in the enemies' goods, and it not 
only refused to use the English tea but 
threw it overboard in Boston harbor. 
Now, on the other hand, we are told 
that there are communities in our 
country so Kaiserized that the 
American merchants in those com- 
munities repress their own natural 

An Interesting Historic Event 


enthusiasm for our flag for fear of 
offending the silent traitors in their 
midst, and thereby losing trade. 
The Revolutionary spirit quickly 
seized and demolished printing presses 
and establishments that put out Tory 
articles. Now, certain great and 
prosperous American journals have 
published insidious, if not treasonable, 
advertisements, and articles, and seem 
to have little or nothing to fear from 
so doing, while nagging agitators are 
daily permitted to insuh the Comman- 
der-in-Chief of the American army 
in front of his headquarters when he 
is critically engaged in war, and 
to falsely proclaim to a disheartened 
and suspicious ally that we are prac- 
ticing a deception, — a scene that could 
not have been witnessed a minute 
in the presence of the Revolutionary 
minute-men, or either of the four 
generals whom we honor today. 
The Revolutionary spirit was seething 
with righteous wrath, and speedily 
drove out or hung its traitors, while 
now, at times, quasi-traitors and 
Berlin sympathizers are actually 
tolerated, if not pampered, and yellow 
patriots sap the nation's power and 
defy the government. In the Revo- 
lutionary times Tories were forced to 
hide themselves, and flee the country 
for their own safety, while now, we 
seem to be compelled even to guard 
our own bridges and public property 
against the many modern Tories 
hiding like wolves in cloaks of patriots. 
In the Revolutionary times the 
Ethan Aliens left their plows in the 
furrow, and the Paul Reveres galloped 
their steeds, — ail for haste, while now 
the bravest impulses are checked by 
useless forms and precedents, and the 
wheels of progress are tied with miles 
of government red-tape. In the 
Revolutionary times we were all fight- 
ing against our own blood, our own 
fatherland and kin, everyone of us, 
for the sake of the great principle, 
doubting nothing. (Let all German- 
Americans carefully ponder this 
whenever they feel themselves in the 
slightest degree sympathizing with the 

Kaiser's war.) Now, we sometimes 
fear that even the great principle of 
American liberty — the thing closest to 
the heart of every American — must 
actually suffer in its war for existence 
because there are among us, in our 
great population, some who are 
descendants of, and of the same race 
as. the violators of that principle. 
God forbid! 

But these things are destine:! to 
change. They are bound to change, 
and that, too, before we can have 
success in arms. These things must 
be revolutionized before we can fight, 
and before liberty will be safe again. 
We must become steeled to a righteous 
war. Must this change in American 
sentiment come because of the sight of 
slaughter and the presence of mourn- 
ing? If so, let them come. Events 
will soon make us all feel as that 
great American felt in our early 
history when he said, "Give me 
liberty or give me death." 

This government is inextricably and 
irrevocably embarked on a gigantic 
war, a war whose magnitude is beyond 
the power of human conception, and 
whose results arc beyond the power of 
human appreciation. Our going into 
this war has incurred the lasting 
anger of the "Prussian military gang" 
in Germany as well as every military 
despot on the face of the earth; but 
it has also allied us in stronger bonds 
of common interest with all those 
peoples of the earth who love liberty 
and believe in self-government. This 
new alignment is destined to continue. 
Tne only permanent peace will come 
through the undoing of all military 
exploiters, and the spread of Repub- 
lican forms of government from 
nation to nation. As long as Prus- 
sianism remains strong and prosperous 
America can henceforth count upon a 
powerful enemy who will continuously 
and insidiously plot for our national 
undoing. The American nation 
could, and would, be friendly with a 
German republic, and with the 
German people, but never with an 
iron-handed German despot such as 


The Granite Monthh 

the Kaiser. This is Democracy's 
ultimatum to autocracy. For this, 
and this, only, are we fighting. 

The American Revolutionary War 
not only secured popular government, 
to America, but it had a powerful 
influence in revolutionizing Britain 
herself. Our fathers formally de- 
clared that King George III was a 
tyrant. He and his government then 
belonged to the old school of militar- 
ism, which we supposed had passed 
away forever until the outbreak of the 
present world war. Britain has not 
had since, and will probably never 
again have another one-man govern- 
ment. George III was of the same 
relentless type as Kaiser William, the 
present barbaric war-lord of Germany. 
But the British government has wholly 
changed and is today a monarchy in 
name only, but in fact as democratic 
as our own government. The King of 
Britain today has practically no 
power. He is merely a national 
sentiment. The people of Britain, 
with all the great allied colonies, rule 
themselves, — and to this principle 
Ireland will no longer be an exception. 
Britain today is a new nation, with 
new ideals and new principles. She 
is fighting with us as a democracy in 
behalf of democracy. The lesson 
of history, therefore, is plain. Ger- 
many must inevitably undergo a 
similar radical change in its govern- 
ment; and this, too, since history 
repeats itself, seems destined to come 
through the fiery furnace of war; for, 
"Whom the gods would destroy they 
first make mad." If military power 
is to rule the world, it matters not so 
much whether the ruler centers his 
power at Athens or at Rome as 
formerly, or whether that nation be 
Spain as formerly, or Britain, or even 
Germany. The change of military 
power from one nation to another is 
not the thing which concerns us. 
We now propose to put an end to 
military power, to establish democra- 
cies in place thereof, and to bind all 
democracies together to prevent all 

wars except what may be necessary for 
police discipline in democracies. 

Loyalty to liberty, therefore, must 
now be the battle cry of all freemen. 
The German people themselves can 
and will subscribe to this principle. 
They must and will learn that it is a 
crime for them to immigrate to this 
country to get rid of militarism and 
enjo3 T our liberty and freedom, and, 
after so doing, to assist the Kaiser in 
perpetuating militarism. Such con- 
duct is also a crime against the good 
democracy-loving Germans in Ger- 
many and against freemen every- 
where. The Tories of the Revolution 
were those who failed to catch the 
spirit of liberty and fled home to 
England. If there are any German 
Tories in the country today they 
should follow this historic example. 
It is quite true that our Revolutionary 
fathers loved the scenes of their child- 
hood in old England, but far more than 
this did they love to make America 
a free and happy country in which they 
and their children might live. All 
good German people in America or in 
Germany should hate the "Potsdam 
gang" just as all good Americans 
should hate rotten politics. All good 
Germans should seek to arouse the 
German people in Germany against 
Kaiserism just as all good Americans 
should seek to uproot evils in our own 
body politic. 

We are at war because the Kaiser's 
conflagration of conquest in Europe 
threw sparks of murder over the free 
seas consuming American citizens, 
and because the Kaiser, infatuated 
with his wonderful military success, 
gave commands to us, as if a vassal 
nation, that unless we Used the free 
seas when and as he directed he would 
command his undersea pirates to 
drown our citizens and sink our flag. 

The Kaiser made plans for his 
ultimate invasion of America while we 
were neutral; he induced his official 
representatives to incite the Mexicans 
to war with us while we were neutral; 
he attempted to bargain our Pacific 

An Interesting Historic Event 


coast states as a bribe to Japan while 
we were neutral ; he flooded on r country 
with spies and apparently planned 
for his "day to strike" while we were 
neutral; he defiantly violated our 
neutrality. We were compelled to 
fight or surrender our liberties. Like 
our fathers, we chose to fight for our 
liberties. This we are now doing. 

And, in addition to all this, we were 
obliged to consider that there is, 
after all, a larger family than any 
nation; and that there are human 
considerations not limited by terri- 
torial boundaries. These are the 
principles of humanity. The Kaiser 
has the greatest military machine 
the world ever saw. With it he is 
attempting to crush republics and to 
kill liberty by the most barbaric 
methods of infinite destruction. He 
reintroduced into the horrors of war 
the unspeakable barbarities of the 
dark ages; he slaughtered and maimed 
women, cripples and children while 
helpless in the bread-line; he plucked 
the eyes from Belgian babes, and the 
hands from little boys; he sank Red 
Cross hospital ships, drowning the sick 
and defenseless; he let loose his wild 
hordes of barbarous men on the 
virtues of child-girls; he freighted 
innocent women of a neutral nation 
into manual slavery, and white 
slaver}' ; he herded neutral freemen in 
the streets of their own towns in sight 
of their own families, and drove them 
like cattle to German work shops to 
make ammunition with which to kill 
their own people; he set others to 
digging trenches in a war against 
their own countrymen; he used poi- 
sonous gases, liquid fire and torturing 
weapons and ammunition; he threw 
human bodies into boiling-pots to 
make fat for glycerine for explosives 
to kill other human beings; he dug up 

the old cemeteries in invaded countries 
to steal the metal for war purposes, 
and he used human bones for fertilizer; 
he poisoned wells and used disease 
germs as weapons of war; and. with 
all, he haughtily vaunted himself that 
even inhuman means justified bis 
success because he was the God- 
appointed master of the world. 
Could he do more? With such an 
atrocious demon abroad carrying all 
before him, was humanity safe, was 
American liberty safe? After all this 
and more, will any one inquire why 
we are at war? After all this and 
more, will any one treat the situation 
lightly? And after all this and more, 
will traitors be tolerated? 

Humanity must unite in a world 
democracy for its own safety. It 
must issue a new declaration of 
independence, signed by every nation 
which believes in government by the 
people, and supported and enforced by 
force of arms of every freeman. 
There must be a federation of democ- 
racies to crush out military despotism 
which has become intrenched by 
the ages. There must be a league of 
the nations to enforce peace among 
the nations just as our fathers es- 
tablished a union of the states. 
Before this can all come to pass the 
world war must be won by the allied 
democracies, and the German people 
made to recognize the error of milita- 
rism. The era of permanent peace 
can never come through the suprem- 
acy of monarchies, but rather 
through the ultimate and glorious 
triumph of the principles of popular 
government. For this principle our 
fathers began the fight. It remains 
for our generation to win the crowning 
victory of the struggle for liberty 
and freedom by which wars shall be no 

152 The Granite Monthly 


By James Riley 

That our Stars of Union waving lead to greater union now, 
This day our Ship of State sails on, a world's fate on her prow. 
And with her down the stormy seas of passion as they roll, 
Democracy's great voices arc with our Wilson's soul. 

They are heard from England's first voice! They are heard from France, 

the free! 
And a nation by her Neva breaks dumb Slavs to speak and see. 
Far from Lexington's red sortie, and Concord's bridge and wall, 
All our West-land long has waited the universal call. 

She who called the old lands to her, till their gathering made her great! 
Taught from ship's plank on to ballot all that makes and leaves a state; 
Taught and made of Europe's races till the eye afar could see! 
She immersed them in her Jordan, that Democracy might be. 

But now at last is blowing her bugles to the East! 

To the lands of Faith's bestowing and where Persia held her feast. 

Gethsemane for you and me, a Tree with arms spread far! 

Flags fluttering down every sea, with never a blotted star. 

Ships sailing with a spirit-ship, that's breasted centuried gales! 
A Mayflower on her way with them, forever sails and sails. 
She sails that ocean's demon, time's future shall not see! 
That Tueton, Frank and Saxon and Orient's parts shall be, — 

The same adown God's tided way of suns on suns aglow! 

And for which the world's great West this day stands tall to strike her blow. 

High as her deeps of soul she speaks man's ever farther view, 

As through her far First Citizen, she dares this day to do. 

411 Shawm ut Ave., Boston. 


By Lawrence C. Woodman 

The black, black night; the gray, gray dawn, 

Ere the golden sun sang. 
The gray, gray soul, through a black, black night, 

Flashed into fire, when a bird sang! 

The black, black night; the gray, gray dawn; 

No light but the lijrht of dreams. 
O my gray, gray soul, through a black, black night, 

Flash into fire, when 3 r our dreams sing! 



By Merv in J. Curl 


Through unrecorded ages the gray 
New Hampshire granite ridge had 
lain above the darkling valleys, an 
adamant rib of the ancient earth, un- 
disturbed. When thunderbolts split 
the skies and buffeted the rocks., when 
rain and hail pelted down, when winds 
vaulted inland from empty wrestling 
with the rockbound coast to wreak 
their vengeance on the old gray hills, 
when ages of snow froze and thun- 
dered down the crags, it had lain un- 
vexed. For ages the winds had gal- 
loped shrieking over the jagged ridge, 
or had moaned with unburdened sor- 
row, or had stroked the rocks with 
their burden of summer perfume. 
Age after age the cloud shadows had 
lunged into the gashes of the hoary 
granite, skimmed the face of the 
ridge, and leaped forever on, or the 
high-piled cloud galleons had steered 
solemn and serene through the end- 
less sky on to their melting in the 
blue. The sun for ages had warmed 
the scarped sides of the ridge, had 
poured the winter snows in runnels of 
exquisite music down to the pools 
below, had wakened the myriad 
laughter of the rock crystals at noon- 
day, and had cooled into the ultra- 
marine of evening that brought the 
ancient dew. 

Sun and dew and rain wrought life 
in the valleys below, mighty maples, 
firm as the heart of the ridge, tawny 
chestnuts, wise mellow pines at whose 
feet the birches and hemlocks clus- 
tered, and elms that nodded their 
plumes like cavaliers. Slowly through 
the years these trees closed in upon 
the ridge, crept up the sides, clamped 
their roots in the crannies, tossed 
their seeds up to the shelves above, 
mounting until on the very top a few 
giant pines flaunted their crowns or 

moaned and lashed their arms in the 
charging northeast gales. Beneath 
the rocking pines, all the way down to 
the valley floor, there nodded and 
crept dainty harebells and honey- 
suckles, and among them the flower 
of priceless perfume, the arbutus. 
Among the moss that hid the naked 
granite they danced and ringed the 
boulders, exquisite and free, softening 
the rough strength of the land, mel- 
lowing its pride. 

Then into this beauty and stern- 
ness warblers of the South came sing- 
ing, nesting in moss and down among 
the ferns and bushes. Deep in the 
unviolated woods the shy thrushes 
dwelt. Above them all in the great- 
circles of his flight, wheeling in un- 
broken calm, the mighty hawk, or 
higher still, the old bald eagle. All 
sang and died and melted back into 
the dust from which they came, while 
new throats took up the ancient mel- 
ody that was never stilled. Frisking 
squirrels in the trees, mice among the 
grasses, snakes stretched out in the 
warm sun on the rocks, lived, died, 
melted into their dust again. Some- 
times a soft-eyed stag gazed out from 
the ridge across the hills to the north- 
ern mountains and faded into the 
woods, or, pursued by wolf or panther, 
flew over the rocks and bounded, 
crazed, into the thicket. And all — 
bird and squirrel and wolf and deer — 
in tragic death faded back into earth 
again — and the granite remained. 

All creatures fled before a black 
eyed being of soft flesh and red skin, 
who could throw death from his hand 
and choke with rushing blood. But 
the Indian was dust of the hills, too, 
brown like the dry pine needles, soft 
like the moss beneath his foot, and 
hard of eve like the flinty rock. A 


the hills, he shrieked with the 

wind, flew over the ridge with the 
cloud shadows, listened to the ancient 


The Granite Monthly 

talk of the brooks that were forever 
different) forever mysterious, piped 
his flute — strange melody in the wilds 
— or twined flower- in his love's hair. 
ever coming, going, fading, a few eager 
days between the silences, then melt- 
ing back to the dust while the ancient 
rock lay undisturbed. 

Blooming and fading were the sea- 
sons, too, endless progress of springs 
with their new-born hum, of summers 
in their lazy warmth, of autumns that 
squandered their crimson, and their 
gold only to moan through the 
branches that were bare, of winters 
that hovered the land in their white 
robes and fretted the frosts into my- 
riad exquisite forms. Age upon age 
the clouds sailed over serene, and for- 
ever the breezes were laden with per- 
fume. For over the land there was a 
mighty calm that hid the tragedy, 
without turmoil and without change. 
Under all was the gray old rock that 
not buffeting of winds nor pelting of 
rains nor footing of deer and wolf and 
Indian could wear away. A grim 
land of beauty it was, a tender land 
of strength, of exquisiteness that en- 



One day, late in the ages, a new 
sound broke through the trees and 
beat over the rocks in nervous, con- 
fident ring. No loitering pad of 
squirrel, fox, or wolf, no wayward hoof 
of deer; this was eager, relentless, 
driven and forced. Straight through 
the hemlocks it charged out upon the 
old ridge, two young men whose feet 
were hidden in boots that the rock did 
not pierce, whose soft white flesh was 
swathed in spinnings of plant and 
sheep, foreign to the ridge. In the 
pride of youth they swung up to the 
crest of the ridge, and their blue eyes 
drove out across the waste. Deep in 
those eyes was a name brighter than 
the sun, a name that crushed the un- 
seeing feet over the moss and through 
the fern, that darted gleams to the 
northern mountains, that nickered 

the ancient crest of the ridge, that 
swung to the crown of the pines. 
And when the eyes caught each other, 
they were doubly kindled by the 
answering fires. 

On a distant rock a lordly stag rose, 
but one of the new beings caught up 
his long black weapon — the old rocks 
bellowed at the flash, and the deer 
gave to the hills again the conquered 
dust of his blood. The other being 
swung over to a kingly pine. As his 
eye scoured to its top he slapped its 
brown side. 

''Here's an old monarch, Mat- 
thew," he cried, "that will make us 
some grand old beams!''' 

The other swept his eyes out over 
the shaggy hills. 

"Think of it, Jonathan, all this 
land waiting for us all these years! 
Think of the timber, man, the saw- 
mills, the houses, the towns, the chil- 
dren! I tell you, Jonathan, we'll do 
it! 'Tis a young man's land, a land 
to fight and to love!" 

Their eyes sought a place for home. 

"That flat place down the ridge 
would be a good one," Matthew said 
as he pointed, "right where those 
pines are. Cut those down and 
smooth it off, and it will get lots of 
sun and be free from wind, snug and 

Soon the sun gleamed white on their 
swinging axes and the chips wailed 
through the warm spring air. At 
times amid the ceaseless chopping 
Matthew burst into a huge roaring 
song of triumphal delight, at which 
the birds ceased their songs, the squir- 
rels retreated into the upper branches. 
And when an old giant, with a horrible 
rending, crashed down, quivered and 
lay still, the men shouted for very joy. 
The panther, for ages lord of the night, 
stole up toward the great fire, sniffed, 
screamed, and slunk away. Then 
one day men and horses tore out the 
stumps, thrust in their spades, hurled 
the dirt, uncovered a huge vein of 
granite, and, undaunted, planted cun- 
ning black powder and shook the very 
heart of the booming ridge. Every- 

The Strength of the Hills 


thing faded before the glow in those 
eves, and there arose a warm cabin, 
sweet with the blood of pine and 
bedded with the lace of hemlocks. 

"Now we'll fetch the girls/' 
Jonathan cried, ''and show them 
what we've done," and together they 
swung astride their horses and gal- 
loped clanking away. 

Peace had come back; the birds 
cocked their heads and flitted round 
the cabin, squirrels in nervous sallies 
tried and tied and tried again, and 
finally sat on the cabin roof and chat- 
tered in glee. But only for a little — 
one day the groaning of wheels, the 
creaking of harness, the shouts of men 
again pierced along the valley and up 
the slope to the cabin. Two eager 
wives there were, and chairs and 
dishes, cows, chickens, pigs. And 
everything that knew these men was 
tamed, had only their will, even to the 
shaggy dog that from leaping and 
barking at the horses' heads came at a 
spoken word to bide under the axle. 
That night the wind bore strange 
thrilling sounds, the crowing of a cock, 
and the wonderful melody of women's 

They would all rest now, and leave 
the old ridge untormented. But no — 
while the women roasted venison, the 
men planned attack upon a southern 
hillslope, besieged it, stripped its 
maples and pines, tore out the stub- 
born stumps, seared the hill with 
cruel flame, and unpityingly thrust 
in the plough. Soon where the arbu- 
tus and fern, the thrush and chipmunk 
had lived there were long rows and 
rows of rigid black gashes in the earth, 
raw to the sun and winds, and along 
them the men tramped, dropping 
golden seeds and slices of potato. 
From sunrise to sunset, tramping, 
digging, pulling, riving, glorying in 
their might, calling to each other 
snatches of cheer and comfort, turn- 
ing evening to half day in the cabin, 
sleeping only a few hours to leap again 
into the fight, themselves driven and 
tormented by that fierce relentless 
flame in their eyes that would not 

burn low, they left nothing undis- 

Then in the warm summer evening 
they took their wives and sat on the 
ridge top and chatted gay words of 
rest and cheer. As they talked, their 
eye^ were softened, the heat of battle 
was cooled. But when they stiffly 
rose to go down to the little cabin, 
their eyes drove out over the hills and 
the blaze of war flared up again. 

When the deadly nights of winter 
had long since driven the birds south- 
ward, when the snakes never coiled 
from their dens, when even the bears 
did not break their sleep, there was no 
fear or flight or season's rest for 
Matthew and Jonathan. A new era 
had come to the ridge, a new race of 
animals — however their hands were 
bruised, however their backs became 
bundles of hot nerves, that dauntless 
light in their eyes drove them on. 
They knew that they were safe until 
spring, and all day long they laid the 
old pines low. 

On Christmas evening the four sat 
by the roaring fireplace and watched 
the dancing flames, the purple lights 
in the embers. And however the 
trees without screamed and writhed 
in the wind, inside all was warm and 

"I wish we had some presents for 
you girls, Jane," Matthew said to his 
wife, "but Jonathan and I have done 
our best." 

Jane, gazing into the fire and think- 
ing of her home Christmas of the year 
before, was silent a moment, choked 
down the lump in her throat, and 
turned her brave gray eyes to her 

"Well, Matthew, it's as good as I 
had hoped, and next vear it will be 

" Now that's the heart of the matter, 
eh Diantha?" Jonathan cried. "I 
tell you, Matthew, with such girls 
here in the cabin, nothing can stop us! 
Give us another year and we'll con- 
quer this old ridge and tame it for- 

Tlirough the stinging days of the 


The Granite Monthly 

first months of the new year they 
hauled their logs twenty miles to a 
mill and brought bark sweet sawed 
lumber for the new houses. Then of 
evenings the four heads were close 
together, planning those houses to 
last for a long time. And fall found 
then* built, firm and strong and warm, 
with windows for light and fireplaces 
in every room for heat, and beds for 

For these animals were conquerors, 
unlike the former breeds. Two 
weapons they had that not all the 
forces could overcome. When the 
icy winter winds tore at them in the 
woods and dogged their steps as they 
floundered home in the dusk, thoughts 
of the warm fire and hot supper ahead 
blazed their deathless light of con- 
quest in their eyes, and in their elbows 
rested those terrible guns that neither 
teeth nor claw, however fierce 


sharp, could combat. 

Triumph, the land was tamed! 
But conquest had its price: in the 
fifth summer each family bore its 
child from the house of mourning up 
the slope under the apple trees to the 
new made graves in the sunshine. 
Nature had planted poison berries, 
and the children had eaten and died. 
The wind was mad that day — it 
whistled behind the stone walls, it 
grimaced through the leaves, it caught 
the dust and leaves and threw them 
high and whirled them madly round 
and swirled them across the fields, 
and mockingly laughed over the ridge 
and round again in fiendish glee. But 
it was a weak and futile revenge, for 
Diantha turned to Jane and said, 
"I've sometimes thought that in the 
years to come we'd go back home 
where there are more people and 
things, but now we can't, for the 
children are here — we'll have to 

And Jonathan softly added, "Yes, 
and we'll make our fields so tame that 
no wild things can crrow in them, and 
so broad that the children can't cross 
them until they are old enough to know 
what are gocd and what are bad." 

One day, just forty years after 
Matthew and Jonathan had first 
stood on the ridge and gazed out over 
the land, they stood there again. 
Jonathan limped now, from a broken 
leg that had not mended well, and 
Matthew's eyes had driven him too 
hard — he was old and twisted. But 
they were fighters still; they had 
come up over a fine road, down at the 
end of which were the new houses, the 
third now on the flat where the pines 
had proudly stood, with their broad 
fields and barns that would soon bulge 
with fatness. Fight it had been, 
bitter, fierce, and long, and the bodies 
were broken. But the souls had their 
heart's desire and the light in the eyes 
was dauntless yet. 

Matthew turned to Jonathan. 
"The children can have it easy now; 
we've brought the old ridge to terms, 
we've conquered it; it's ours!" 

And Jonathan straightened and 
replied, "Yes, they won't know what 
it has meant to us, but you tell the 
truth; we've won!" 

And all four pioneers were gathered 
to their first children under the apple 
trees, in funerals that were as tri- 
umphal processions of warriors home 
from successful fight, for they had 
won, had brought into subjection the 
eternal granite ridge. 



On the Thanksgiving evening of the 
sixtieth year after Matthew and 
Jonathan had first stamped through 
the hemlocks out upon the ridge, a 
wild northeast wind was blowing the 
first real snow of the winter. With a 
scream the wind lunged at the two 
hated enemies, the great white houses 
that Matthew and Jonathan had 
built, three stories high, and deep and 
broad and strong. It snarled at the 
foundations, but the sawdust banking 
was too thick; it heaved against the 
windows, but the squares of glass held 
firm; it tugged at the chimneys, but a 
hot tornado rushed up and beat it 

The Strength of the Hills 


back. The pines and maples had 
always bent, but these houses held 
firm. The wind could only whirl 
away the empty cry that every wind 
had borne through all the years that 
the houses had not crumpled or 
flinched; could only howl across 
the rock piles, and moan away 
over the fields to lose itself beyond 
the woods. 

For immemorial ages the burden of 
summer perfume of arbutus and 
honeysuckle had been sweet to bear 
away, and even the fragrance of corn 
flowers, the nosegay of fall apples had 
been welcome, for, however pruned 
and rigid, they were yet dust of the 
ridge's earth. But this new hateful 
burden that these creatures had 
brought, this inescapable cumber of 
roasting chestnuts, of steaming cider, 
of popping corn, that twined itself up 
the chimney and thrust itself into the 
vitals of the wind! No peace since 
these tyrants came! And tonight 
the shouts of little children, the laugh- 
ter of young people, the contented 
chuckles and sighs of those grown old 
in wisdom — shunless, baleful noises 
without end! 

Down at the chimney foot in John's 
front room were the warm hearts and 
cheery faces of the second Matthew, 
Jonathan, Diantha — and Margaret. 
As they sipped cider and munched 
chestnuts in the crackle and the leap- 
ing shadows, their eyes glowed. The 
men were big and bronzed, of iron 
bodies and mellow hearts of fifty- five 
years. Diantha welcomed her whole 
family to her broad bosom and wide 
arms. Only Margaret was small and 
delicate, but she had not been born in 
the hills. And as they listened to the 
shouts of the children and grandchil- 
dren out in the big dining room, they 
smiled in contentment. 

"How different this Thanksgiving 
is," John at length said, "from the 
first one that father and mother ever 
held on this farm!" 

"I know it," Matthew replied, 
"why, I've heard mother tell of how 

all they had for dinner that time was 
roast venison and potatoes and corn 
bread, and today, bless ye, I noticed 
as I sat there two turkeys and a big 
venison pie an' potatoes an' onions an 7 
squash an', an', an' . . ." 

" Turnips, Matt, " Margaret 

"Yes, turnips an' pickles an' Indian 
pudding an' — oh my soul! — mince pie 
and apple an' pumpkin an' cookies an' 
Diantha's good riz doughnuts, and 
what did she do then but fetch in nuts 
and cider! My, my!" Matt laughed 
like a boy and rubbed his hands to- 

"Well, they's plenty more in the 
cellar," John remarked. "And I 
sneaked up to the attic stairs to take 
a peek yesterday, an' blest if Dianthy 
didn't hev' every step but the bottom 
one full to bustin' of pies, all ready to 
last through a spell — eighty-six, I 
counted 'em!" 

"Eighty-nine, John," Diantha re- 
proved as her knitting needles clicked. 
"I carried up three later — mince, they 

"Barns are full, too," John began 
again. "I stood as I was get-tin' 
down hay for the cows this mornin', 
an' every bay an' mow was full, and 
sweet — why, I'd almost like to live 
out there!" 

"And your new barn down in the 
meadow," Matt reminded. 

"Yes, mile from home. Never 
thought to build it. But it's filled 
too! I declare if I know what else we 

"Sometimes it seems as if there 
wasn't eny thing left to do, doesn't 


Diantha remarked. 

"Now that's a different thing. I'm 
goin' to cut off the south woodlot be- 
fore spring." 

"No, no, John, don't!" Margaret 
cried. "It's so pretty! Those pines 
are just lovely, so solemn and wise, 
even if I don't own 'em." 

"Of course they're pretty, but 
they mean schoolin' for the children. 
We'll never send out but just one 


The Granite Monthly 



I'm gom' to do the best I 

can by that one. so down they come!" 

"1 here's always enough to do, 
Margaret," Matt said. "I was won- 
dering, John, the last time I came by 
your rock pile, how many stones you 
had put on it." 

"Well, fifty years of 'em enyway. 
But there's less to put on every year — 
that comes of keepin' at 'em. Makes 
my old back whine, these days — little 
rheumaticky, I guess." 

'' Diantha laid down her knitting 
and leaned forward. " There's no 
doubt," she said, "that there has 
been plenty of work on these old farms 
since we came on 'em, but that's not 
the only thing. I'd just like you to 
show me a place anywhere where you 
can get better things to eat, or more 
of 'em, than we've had. And show 
me better lookin' children — not a 
puny one in the lot — an' all smart, 
too, both families. Who'd ask for 
better houses? Why, I stood the 
other day when I was comin' down 
from puttin' pies on the attic stairs, 
and I just looked round at the size 
and the cleanness, and I did think cer- 
tain I hadn't a thing to ask for. I 
guess not all your Boston folks will 
have so good places to leave to their 
younguns, Margaret." 

"Well," John continued, "I don't 
suppose I can truly say I've had a 
whole day off for the last twenty-five 
years, but I don't know as I mind 
much. The old place never was in 
better shape than it's in now, and, 
sir," he added as he rose and stood 
before the fire and rubbed his hands 
in pleasure, "my Johnny's the lad to 
keep it up in the years after I'm laid 
away. He's a worker — makes new 
plans every day." 

"I've had my Robert take things 
easy," Margaret replied. "I wanted 
him to come up with some notion of 
how lovely this country is, and not be 
always thinking about nothing but 
fields and woodlots and gardens and 

"I don't for the life of me see where 

he can get the time," Diantha said, 
"but if you do, that's enough." 

Silence fell while the shouts and 
laughter of the children poured in 
from the other rooms. Diantha broke 
the silence. 

"I'm glad the leaves are off the 
bushes on this side of your house, 
Margaret, so's I c'n see through. 
Regular forest you've got there! 
Ought to cut them down." 

"No, no, I won't have them 
touched! Matt's been at me for a 
long time to let him slash them and 
put a hen-coop there, but they are so 
pretty in the spring and summer, and 
in the winter I like to hear them, when 
I'm abed and the window's open, 
clicking in the wind." 

''She's always at me to leave some- 
thin' that 1 ought to cut down," Matt 

"Well, sir," John remarked, "I've 
held this old farm in my fist for twenty 
years now, ever since father died, and 
it's done well by me, though the fields 
don't raise so much as they once did. 
Sometimes I'd like a rest, too. 
Johnny does a good deal, though. 
His back's younger'n mine. " 

"I suppose there are a good many 
things that I'd like if I had 'em," 
Diantha said, "but I declare if I know 
what they are. I'm pretty tolerably 
satisfied as I am." 

The kitchen door opened and the 
young folks swarmed in. They 
opened the seraphine and played and 
sang until the old house thrilled in 
every timber. John's eyes glowed as 
he thought of the great day when he 
brought the seraphine home and 
Diantha played the first sweet chord. 
His eyes stole toward her, and he saw 
a tear fall down her cheek. 

"Ho now, youngsters," he cried, 
"one more and then we'll call it 
enough. Dianthy, hev ye got the 
freestones ready for these folks to ride 
home with?" 

Soon the last jingle of bells swept 
out of the yard, and another Thanks- 
giving was over. 

The Strength of the Hills 




One beautiful morning, late in the 
next May, as Johnny was hurrying 
home across the top of the ridge in all 
the eager, nervous power of his eight- 
een years, head bent, eyes intense, he 
was startled by a soft voice, "Go by 
without speakin', would ye?" He 
turned, to see dark handsome Robert 
lying in the sun and looking off toward 
the northern mountains. Johnny's 
eyes flashed impatience. 
* "I didn't see ye," he said. "Just 
been saltin' cattle in the west pasture. 
I've got to trim the pines out o' that 
piece, and I was wondering when in 
the world I'd get time to do it. They 
spoil the feed as 'tis." 

"Oh, let 'em go," Robert replied, 
and he grinned at Johnny, for the two 
loved each other. "Take a look at 
Moosilauke, " he continued, "seems I 
never saw the ridge of it so sharp — ■ 
just as if it had been cut out with a 

"Bob, you make me mad some- 
times, lollin' up here when you'd 
ought to be plowin' an' keepin' your 
farm up!" 

"Say, Johnny," Robert said, still 
grinning, "come on over beyond 
Powers' ridge with me this afternoon. 
The only clump of yellow ladies' 
slippers in ten miles is there, an' on the 
way we'll look at a new family of 
w y oodchucks that I found yesterday — 
awfully cute little rascals. Will you?" 

"Ladies' slippers! Woodchucks! 
Godfrey mighty, man, I've got too 
much to do to be botherin' with them 
things! Lots o' hoein' and work! 
Days aren't half long enough as 'tis! 
You'd better stay at home an' amount 
to somethin' yourself!" 

"Say, Johnny, I tell ye what, I'm 
not a-goin' to kill myself for this old 
farm! Father's 'most killed himself 
at fifty-five, an' I won't do it! You 
scold me when really I ought to scold 
you, 'cause you're workiii' too hard. 
You're gettin' round shouldered — I 
noticed last time we went swimrain'. 

You'll be twisted all out o' shape some 
one o' these days!" 

Johnny flushed as he glanced at 
Robert, as lithe as an Indian and per- 
fectly built. "Yes!"' he said vehe- 
mently, "and that very afternoon the 
'tater bugs raised cain with a field! I 
guess not, this time. I'm goin' to 
leave a good farm to my children, 
some day, an' mine's no better than 
yours, either." He turned away and 
then swung round and added, "I 
guess I'll set off one field for you when 
you've let your farm go to wrack and 
ruin — these hills won't keep ye with- 
out your doin' somethin', I tell ye!" 

As Johnny tramped rapidly aw r ay 
Robert murmured, "'Poor Johnny, 
why won't he stop? He'll be worn 
out by fortv at this rate! Awful good 

Thus the two boys and thus the two 
men of later years. While Johnny 
married and worked his farm all the 
time, Robert, too irresponsible to be a 
good homekeeper, roamed the woods, 
hunting and fishing, sometimes for 
days at a time. And however much 
the two still loved each other and 
admired each other in secret, when 
they met they were likely to scold. 

Meanwhile the old enemies were 
watchful and busy. Pines sprouted 
in Robert's pasture, and hardback 
crept in among the trees and killed 
the feed. Frost tipped rocks off the 
stone walls and pushed other jagged 
noses up through the spongy earth of 
field and pasture. Lightning and 
wind drove in among the trees and 
crashed a trunk down upon the fences, 
blotting out the barriers to freedom. 
In the fields that Matthew had long 
ago wrestled from the wild with ago- 
ny the former wild flowers nodded se- 
cure. Snows piled themselves upon 
the house and barn until the roofs 
groaned. Gales attacked clapboards 
and blinds and shingles. The primal 
possessors were coming into their own 

And Robert paid no heed. When 
one pasture failed, he tried another, 
or threw two together. When the 


The Granite Monthly 

roof leaked, he set a part to catch the 
waior and was off to tramping his 
beautiful country, without a care. 
For every little pine that Johnny 
piously cut down, one gaily grew on 
Robert's land. 

One afternoon, thirty, years after 
the May morning when the two boys 
met on the ridge, Johnny was driving 
home from the barn that his father had 
built in the distant meadow. As he 
passed Robert's house, he called to 
Robert, who sat in the doorway smok- 
ing, "Rob, you'd ought to be licked 
for lettin' your farm grow up so to 
pines! Your pastures are nearly 
spoiled! You beat the Corinthians, 
lettin' things go to ruin so!" 

Robert smiled and then looked 
grave. "What makes ye look so kind 
o' gray an' shaky, Johnny?" 

Johnny quickly gathered up the 
reins. "Oh, nothin'," he replied. 
"I do feel rheumaticky lately, I may 
as well own, especially when I've been 
workin' hard. We just finished hay- 
in' down in the lower meadow, an' I've 
been at it pretty stiddy." 

"You'd ought to take a rest." 

"Can't do it, Can't work so hard 
as I used to, and have to keep at it 
longer. If some o' the children had 
stayed at home, 'twould be different, 
but they all thought the old farm was 
no place for them — perhaps it wasn't." 

"How much hay did ye get?" 

"Only half a barnful! Can't get 
so much as I used to. Sometimes I'm 
afraid the old meadow is failin' up." 
He drove dejectedly away. 

That afternoon he was trying to dig 
out of his mowing a big rock that for a 
long time had been in the way. He 
had dug round it. had pried it, had 
jacked it with small stones, and was 
tugging with might and main but 
could not tip it out of the hole. 
Robert chanced by. Without a word 
he took hold, heavid his mighty 
muscles to a tremendous thrust, and 
rolled the grav enemy out on its side. 

" There! Why Johnny, hadn't ye 
better sit down?" 

Johnny's eyes were hollow and 

agonized, Ins face as gray as ashes, his 
frame trembling loosely. He limply 
collapsed into a seat on the stone. 

"I can't do what I once could, Bob. 
It takes a holt on me tumble, some- 

"Better quit for today. Come up 
to the house. I've got to go over to 
see a humming bird's nest that I 
found the other day." 

Summoned by Johnny's horn in 
the early morning of the next day, 
Robert found him sick in bed with 
intense pain. "Rheumatic fever," 
the doctor said later. And Johnny 
came out of the fever a crippled man, 
with a heart that could bear no strain 
— he could never work again. There 
were no children free to come home, 
and the thought of leaving the old 
farm was like to break his heart. 
What to do he did not know. 

One lovely day in late August 
Johnny hobbled with his cane pain- 
fully to the ridge and gazed out 
toward the mountains. A longing 
light filled his eyes — the old hills were 
unchanged. He turned and scanned 
the two farms: Robert's unkempt, 
his buildings dilapidated; his own 
still well-kept and neat but now for- 
ever beyond his power. Great sobs 
shook his frame and he beat passion- 
ately upon the rock with his cane. 
At sight of Robert swinging up the 
road he brought himself into control. 

"There's no finer country in the 
world, Johnny, " Robert said. " Look 
at those old mountains — I tell ye, 
they can't be beat!" 

"I'll have time to look at 'em now 
that I can't do anything else, " Johnny 

They fell into quiet until Robert re- 
marked, "Do you know, I'm awful 
sick of livin' alone am gettin' my own 
meals! 'Tain't right, 'tain't decent!" 

After a pause Johnny said timidly, 
"You might come over and live with 
us, I suppose, if you want to. We 
might have lots o' good times to- 

"Do you mean that, Johnny?" 
Robert smiled with a light of success 

The Strength of the Hills 


at the distant mountains, "To own 
right up to it, I've wished I could, but 
I never had anything to offer to make 
the bargain even. But the day you 
took sick a man from down country 
offered me four thousand dollars for 
the pines in my north pasture. So 
now, if you're willin', you've got the 
home and I've got some money, we 
might swap. I'd be obliged more than 
I can tell if vou'd make a bargain of 

Neither spoke. Neither dared 
look at the other. Johnny's struggle 
shook his very soul. 

"No, Bob, I can't take your 

"Now, Johnny," and Robert 
leaned out for a final appeal, "there's 
not a thing I want with the money, 
and two more woodlots coming on 
worth as much each. We'd get a 
hired man, and we'd set around and 
be like brothers clean to the end. 
There's nothing in the world I'd 
rather do. I've never been worth 
much to anybody; seems too bad not 
to let me have one chance to do some- 

Silence, broken finally by a sob 
from Johnny. He struggled his 
emotions down and spoke. "The 
children knew best — they could see 
that it was no use. I'm glad father 
died years ago so that he can't see the 
farm go to someone who won't care 
anything for it; 'twould kill him if he 
knew! And I've given my life to it, 
and you've never done a thing, and 
here you can buy me out, three times 
over! Seems almost as if there was 
something wrong, don't it?" 

"The only trouble is, Johnny, 
you've tried to make the old hills do 
what they never were intended for. 
You wanted them to grow things, and 
they were meant to look at. Just 
look at the peak of Liberty there, 
black and straight! You'd ought to 
go up it — it's wonderful to pat its old 
sides and lay in the sun and smell the 
balsams! This old ridge was never 
meant to raise anything, but I tell you 
it's beautiful. They tell me you can 

get rich farm land out west, but this 
was meant for something better. 
I've always felt mean when I've 
watched you workin', because I knew 
you were a better man than I was, but 
I've been a heap sight wiser, I took 
the hills for what they were. I'll 
prove it to ye if you'll only give me a 
chance, too." 

Johnny's face was turned awa}^ as 
he faltered, "Bob, you've been a 
better friend to me than the hills 
have, after all. Lets go home and live 

"They're good friends, these hills, 
Johnny, but you've got to catch on 
to how to take them, that's all." 

And the two men, the one broken 
and wrecked, the other straight and 
shapely, went down quietly over the 
ridge to the new life together. 



In their due time Robert and 
Johnny were laid away on the hill- 
side and gave their dust back to the 
earth. The spring breezes laughed 
over the ridge, the winter storms 
galloped past the old houses, and year 
by year the long feud softened into a 
mellow memory. For the busy city 
children wearied of the old farm, and 
forgot it, and the rooms no more 
echoed or thrilled to human laughter. 
Year by year the old houses melted, 
the timbers grew weak of heart, and 
one by one they fell. The memorable 
winter came that crumpled the roofs 
under their weight of snow, and sagged 
the floors into hopeless desolation. 
Then the winds seemed to shriek less 
fiercely round the corners, for the 
fighting souls of the intruders were 
gone, and the edges of the houses were 
soft and blunted with the years. 

There was a da}* when only a heap 
of mouldy timbers was left to melt 
down into the grave that had once 
held proud store of fruit and spicy 
sweets. And then the old enemies 
stole in and softened the misery. 
The gra c s rounded off the grave, the 


The Granite Monthly 

vines crept over the porous pile and 
made it even a spot of beauty. By 
the ancient granite doorslab, which 
alone had been urn-hanged, there 
bloomed a single red rose for a 
token to the passer-by — who never 

Houses and sheds and barns, all 
gone, decayed, forgotten. For years 
an old grindstone held itself upright 
at the foot of a mighty maple that had 
known the first Matthew and Jona- 
than, but the day came when it, too, 
lurched over on its side, and the leaves 
fluttered down and softly covered it 

Everywhere the memories were 
erased. The pines crept even into 
Johnny's last field and made a for- 
est such as the winds had known 
long ago before the troubled days. 
Through the aisles of the trees the 
foxes bounded undismayed, and the 
troops of deer stepped sniffing un- 
alarmed. Even in the clearing that 
remained round the house, of a spring 
day the deer nipped the sweet buds 
from the bushes and never dreamed 
of the terror of the booming, fateful 
gun of former days. 

Over the edges of the ridge the 
wind purred or howled, came across 
the billows of the hills, wave after 

wave, from the unmoved northern 
mountains. And on the wind the 
perfume of arbutus and honeysuckle, 
the twitterings of the warblers and 
the cool notes of the thrushes wove 
themselves into an ancient fabric of 
loveliness that was undisturbed. 

There was nothing left, it seemed; 
the old ridge had come into its own 
again. But when the last leaf of 
autumn had slipped its leash and 
danced away, and the low wind was 
moaning round the twigs, the sun 
shone upon the hillside through the 
apple trees that Matthew and Jona- 
than had planted, through the birches 
that had crept in to conceal, between 
the needles of the sighing pines that 
had grown unbidden, shone upon the 
gravestones, still un crumbled, of the 
three generations of untamed souls. 
A masterly stone wall shut out the 
unquestioned domain of the ancient 
ridge, and here memory made a final 
stand. But year by year the stones 
tipped and sometimes fell, and year 
by year the names on the soft old slate 
were dimmed by the moss and the 
obliterating lichen. 

No one passes that way now. 
Beauty and peace brood over all, and 
high in the blue the old bald eagle 
wheels over the granite ridge. 


By Lucy II. Heath 

Only a little while, Soul do not fear; 
Only a little while, be of good cheer; 
All sorrow soon will cease, battles be o'er, 
Then you will rest in peace f orevermore. 

Only a little while, then you will rest; 
Only a little while work, do your best. 
Jesus was tempted, yet remained true, 
He triumphed over sin, He will help you. 

Only a little while, God will give grace; 
Only a little while, then face to face 
You will see Jesus, and with joy lay down 
The cross which is heavy, to wear a crown. 

Home Leaving 163 


By Amy J. Dolloff 

thou loved home! How can I leave thee now? 
My eyes are clouded by the unshed tears, 

My heart is weeping tears of untold grief 
Because I soon must leave these portals dear 
And enter on a new — an untried way. 

1 stand within the entrance to thy wealth 

Of warm and homely comfort known through years 

Of joy and sorrow, peace and unrest too; 

Of satisfaction in communion sweet 

With those true friends who graced thy pleasant rooms; 

Of knowledge gained from converse with the rare 

And noble ones of earth who come each year 

To dwell — a little time — beneath thy roof, 

I think of those choice souls who long ago 

Upbuilt thy walls and made the first home here — 

Those patient toilers in a far off land 

Who gave their strength in service for God's world 

And at the last lived through the quiet years 

And laid them down to rest in this loved home. 

Their spirits are a benediction still. 

Their lives of prayer and sacrifice live on 

In many fragrant memories of love 

Held by the village folk who tell with cheer 

And wholesome pride the story of their days. 

I think of weary ones who left these rooms 

To join the spirits of immortals blest, 

Where burdens are forevermore laid down 

And happy labor brings unwearied joy, 

And I rejoice that some who came to thee 

Weary with strife and ill with pain and fear 

Found help and healing and went out renewed 

To bear a glorious message to mankind. 

I think of little lives begun with thee — 

Pure mother faces and sweet baby cries; 

Deep tender thankfulness of father eyes 

Gazing — awe stricken — on his first born child. 

I think of little feet that up and down 

And out and in through all the passing days 

And weeks and months and years were traversing 

Thy spaces as they grew to man's estate. 

Ofttimes they paused at set of sun before 

The fireplace gleaming with bright altar fire — 

The center — the supreme delight of home. 

Those feet far distant walk through college halls today, 

When will they echo through these rooms again? 

0, I am loath to leave thy sheltering arms, 

For I could come to thee at dead of night 

If need should be and come alone beside 

And feel no fear but onlv sweet content 

164 The Granite Monthly 

As soon as I had crossed the threshold o'er; 

For it would seem as if thy friendly arms 

Were folded round me in a warm embrace 

And I could enter in and know thy peace. 

0, I have dreamed sweet dreams of thee, my home, 

Sweet dreams of little children singing here 

And romping o'er the lawn with merry din; 

My grandchildren— and his — blithe, happy boys 

And girls with voices rippling out as clear 

As that brave oriole that came last June 

And sang and sang on yonder apple tree 

Before his mate had reached this northern clime. 

Now, if I leave thee will it ever be? 

How can I leave thee now, my dear, dear home — 

Most beautiful and precious in my sight? 

And yet I know that I shall go this hour 

And leave thee all alone, empty, forlorn, 

The stately ghost of thy warm breathing self 

That sent long shafts of light into night's gloom. 

But I shall think of thee in future days, 

And range thy spaces with a reverent tread, 

And I shall see the elm trees by the road; 

The little grove of beech and maple — pine; 

The quaint log cabin by the quiet woods; 

The Jordan Brook that murmurs just beyond; 

And all the glorious haunts of field and wood 

That form a frame — a setting for thy charms, 

And lend to thee a beauty all their own. 

And I shall thank the Giver of all good 

For every wholesome memory of thee; 

And pray that through the rolling years thou shalt 

Be tenanted by loving souls and know 

The care thou need est to receive to make 

Thy life a long — a nobly useful one; 

A shelter from the fiercest storms that beat; 

A refuge from the fears and ills of life; 

A sanctuary where true hearts shall meet 

And joy for all who love the name of home. 


By Georgia Rogers Warren 

Shut your eyes and think, 

Of anything but care; 
Hope, and look for pleasure, 

And you'll find it everywhere. 



By Rev. Frank P. Fletcher 

It is an event of no'slight interest 
in the village by the Lake — the going 
out of the ice. For days, perchance 
for weeks, the wiseacres have indulged 
in reminiscences and hazarded proph- 
ecies. Last year the ice went out 
the first day of May. The year before 
and other years, thus and so: those 
dates being stored away in memory, 
so important has the event been 
deemed. One remarks that the ice here 
almost invariably follows by a single 
day the going out of the ice in the 
smaller pond just to the north. 
Another recalls how such a year the 
ice was urged out by the lash and 
fury of a gale, which drove it like a 
flock of frightened sheep crowding 
and trampling upon one another 
down the Lake, and piled it along the 
shore. While at another time so 
quietly did it disappear, yet so sud- 
denly, that there still remain advocates 
of the theory that the ice simply sinks 
to the bottom of the Lake — drowned 
if you will. 

This year the going out of the ice 
was delayed beyond the usual by the 
coldness and backwardness of the 
season, the very end of the first 
week in May marking its departure. 
Speaking of weather, one resident at 
the north end of the Lake, a man 
of admitted veracity, declared that 
he took a sleigh ride of ten miles that 
second day of May, and found good 
traveling until within a mile and a 
half of home. Careful measure- 
ments elsewhere of the snowfall that 
same morning indicated four inches. 

Weeks have come and gone since 
the open water at inflow and outflow 
began, at first slowly, then more 
rapidly, to creep along the shore line, 
cutting the great body of ice from its 
winter moorings. Simultaneous with 
this process cracks, one after another 
in different directions, had shot across 
the expanse of ice, dividing it into 

irregular yet still massive fragments. 
Xow, when the ice giant 'first feels the 
freedom of broken fetters, is the time 
of danger to wharves and boathouses. 
For great is the power of a moving 
field of ice in the control of a strong 
wind. Inter-ice spaces enlarge and 
multiply, close and open, at the dic- 
tate of passing winds. Fishing guides 
scan the surface with eager glance. 
"Maybe in two or three days," they 
say, "maybe in a week." A little 
later we walk along shore by the stony 
path still covered with its brown 
blanket of dead leaves and needles. 
We jump to an out-jutting rock, and 
with a stick break off a piece of float- 
ing ice cake. How strangely unlike 
the ice we knew in winter, or that 
which, from the very same source, in 
the heat of summer will fill our 
refrigerators. No longer smooth, 
solid, clear. There in our hands it 
lies, in structure and appearance how 
like an unusually thick piece of empty 
honey comb, dripping coldness in the 
place of sweetness. And see! along 
the margin where disintegration has 
even further advanced, we gather up 
splinters in our hand, for all the world 
like so many icicles, only as large at 
one end as at the other, and sharp 
edged instead of round. 

We sit on the rock, and watch the 
surface of the Lake. Yesterday in the 
morning one had seen the Harbor 
nearly clear of ice, but the wind had 
changed during the day, and back 
came the ice by nightfall, nearly 
crowding the Harbor again to its 
full capacity. Today there it lies, 
rippling expanse of water alternating 
with dark grey expanse of ice seamed 
and margined with white, while 
smaller cakes hug the shore. A 
breeze is blowing, and slowly the ice 
floe passes by, imperceptible its prog- 
ress save for the apparent move- 
ment of the trees lining vonder shore. 


The Granite Monthly 

Noiseless it moves save for the rus- 
tling in the waves of the ice splinters 
along the edge of the 11 oe. What a 
voyage i* this! Soon craft of varied 
description will be crossing and re- 
crossing the surface of the Lake. 
Here is the first craft to venture forth 
— these the first trips of the season. 
With slow majesty of motion the ice 
craft moves on, propelled by the 
same power as the sailboat, though 
here no sail is set, steered, rudderless, 
by the unseen hand of the helmsman. 
Bon voyage, stately craft of ices 
though your journey's end is near, 
and this trip may be your last! 
Lingeringly we leave the spot as twi- 
light gathers. Another day we return. 
The surface of the Lake is clear; no 
trace of ice as far as the eye can reach. 
The ice has gone out. 

The going out of the ice means 
freedom; the going out of the ice 
means larger, richer life. The do- 
main of the tyrant Winter is fully 
broken. His icy blanket of bondage 
is torn into a million shreds. "Loosed 
from Winter's icy yoke flow the leap- 
ing waters/' as they sport once more 
with boisterous winds which toss 
them into foam and spray. Or, in 
gentler mood, again the little waves, 
released from long captivity, may 
chase one another along the sunlit 
surface. Once more various craft 
with eager human freight may thread 
and cross the willing waters. Wild 
ducks, long confined to busy and, 

therefore, open streams, enjoy again 
the larger freedom which they love. 
While the finny tribes below, long 
shut from the light of day, must feel, 
one thinks, like frisking lambs first 
turned out to pasture in the spring- 
time. Freedom, larger life, riches, 
realities, because the ice has gone out. 
Warmth comes as coldness goes. 
Lo! Springtime is come. Winter is 
over and gone. "The flowers appear 
on the earth; the time of the singing 
of birds is come." The voices of the 
robin and his comrades are heard in 
our land. Summer is not far from our 
door. Spring styles are in order now. 
But nature wisely chooses for her 
new gown her favorite color and style 
of year after year — her favorite, ours 
as well, unsurpassed, unsurpassable. 
Gay pond pinks and modest sugar 
plums, hanging over the margin of the 
Lake, will soon smile at their own 
reflections below. Flower children 
will play at hide-and-seek in the 
grass. Beauty and warmth will be 
everywhere; for the ice has gone out. 
And I fancy that somewhere near, 
peering into the heart of a blossom, 
listening to a bird note, or playing with 
a sunbeam in the water's edge, is a 
tiny secret discoverable by him who 
really seeks — that much that is true 
of a lake in winter, is true of a heart 
with ice within; and much the same 
thing happens in a life, which happens 
in a lake, and its environs, when the 
ice goes. out. 


By Charles Nevers Holmes 

O'er a quiet college campus 
Shone the sun's departing light 

And a shadow stole across it 
Like a harbinger of night. 

'Mid that slowly creeping shadow 
Stood a man of many years 

Who looked backward on life's valley 
With its mingled smiles and tears. 

The College Bell 167 

Like a stranger that bad never 

Seen this classic spot before, 
He stood pensive as some pilgrim 

Just returned to shrines of yore; 

Trees were gone, surroundings altered, 

E'en the ivy-mantled hall 
Where he roomed seemed unfamiliar 

Though it scarce was changed at all. 

'Twas another college campus 

He beheld alar and near, 
Not the one beloved and cherished 

Of his Alma Mater dear; 

For in these fond scenes around him 

He had now no living part; 
Memories which once were tender 

Lay entombed within his heart. 

Then, amid his mournful musings, 

Came a sound he knew full well; 
Clear and close was heard the ringing 

Of an old-time college bell; 

Just a college bell that called him 

In the days of long ago 
Ere his step was slow and heavy, 

Ere his hair was white as snow. 

Like a link from past to present, 

Like a lost friend's voice again, 
Woke those tones the same as ever, 

With that same resounding strain ; 

'Mid the changes all about him 

Since the years when he was young 
He had found the past still living 

As this faithful bell was rung! 

Hat in hand he hearkened breathless 

Till its last note wholly died, 
And his face once more was smiling, 

And his heart no longer sighed; 

And again he saw his classmates, 

As the campus shadows fell, 
Summoned from the past to greet him 

By this good old college bell. 

41 Arlington St., Newton, Mass. 

168 The Granite Monthly 


By Vera Minnie Butler 

I stand and I gaze at Thee, Mountain, 

So majestic, so rugged, so grand; 
And I think of the centuries passing 

Since the touch of the Infinite Hand 
Which moulded and fashioned your features 

And made you so upright to stand. 

They say that you once were enkindled 
And with passion and fury did rage. 

Now your heart is as cold as an iceberg 
And you stand there as grim as a sage. 

By what strength did you conquer your tempest? 
What power did your anger assuage? 

My heart, like a glowing volcano, 
Often breaks into flame in hot wrath; 

How it shakes me, crumbles my dwelling, 
And leaves red-hot coals in my path ! 

Then I gather around me the fragments 
And mourn o'er the ruin and scath. 

The Hand which created you, Mountain, 
Is the same that did fashion my face. 

And the pow'r which your passion abated 
Knows my heart and its bitter disgrace. 

Can it cool me and gather my wreckage 
And grant me so noble a grace? 

God gave to us both in beginning 
A heart that was glowing and kind. 

We have spent of our strength in vain outburst 
Which has grieved that All-wonderful mind. 

Now you stand there so cold and majestic 
Gray clouds round your dignity twined. 

Must I, for my penance, be frozen? 

Be encrusted and hardened and gray? 
Have I spent all His glorious bounty? 
' And now in grim rock must I pay? 
Oh! God of both mountain and mortal! 

For peace and forgiveness, I pray. 



Hon. Manson S. Brown, a prominent farmer 
and leading citizen of Plymouth, died at his 
home in that town, June 9, 1917. 

He was a native of Bridgewater, born 
November 30, 1S35, was educated in the com- 
mon school and New Hampton Literary In- 
stitution. He engaged in blacksmithing in 
Campton in 1S59, but enlisted in Company 
C,Thirteentb New Hampshire Regiment in the 
summer of 1S63, serving with credit under 
Col. Aaron F. Stevens. He was wounded at 
Fredericksburg and Cold Harbor. Later he 
was made principal musician of the regiment 
and led the musicians of the First Brigade into 
Richmond when that city surrendered, April 
3, 186.5. 

At the close of the war Mr. Brown took up 
his residence in Plymouth where he engaged 
in his old trade for a time, but in 1870 was 
appointed a deputy sheriff, and in that ca- 
pacity, and as sheriff of Grafton County, to 
which office he was appointed in 1874, he 
served many years; but during the latter 
part of his life he was engaged in agriculture 
on one of the finest Pemigewassett Valley 
farms. He was a Republican in politics, and 
as such served in the State Senate in 1SS5, 
and, subsequently, served for some time as 
state liquor agent. He was an Odd Fellow, 
a Mason and a member of the G. A. R. He 
had been twice married and is survived by 
his second wife and an adopted son. 

Ferdinand Anson Stillings, M. D., one of 
the most prominent members of the medical 
profession in the state, died at his home in 
Concord, June 22, 1917. 

Dr. Stillings was born in Lancaster, March 
30, 1S49. lie received a thorough medical 
education in this country and Europe. He 
was an assistant physican at the McLean 
Hospital in Somerville, Mass., 1870-73, and 
had been in active practice in Concord for 
more than a third of a century. He .was 
surgeon-general on the staffs of Governors 
Tuttle and Rollins and had been a surgeon for 
the B. & M. Railroad in New Hampshire 
for more than thirty years. He was a mem- 
ber of the Center District and the N. H. 
Medical Societies, the American College of 
Surgeons, the National Society of Railway 
Surgeons, and the Medico-Legal Society of 
New York. Pie had been twice married, his 
last wife and a daughter by the first marriage 
— Mrs. Edgar C. Hirst— surviving. 

Tyler Westgate, a leading citizen of Grafton 
County, long Judge of Probate, died at his 
home in Haverhill, June 0, 1917. 

Judge Westgate was born in Enfield. De- 
cember 2, 1S43, being the oldest son of the 
late Hon. Nathaniel W. and Louise (Tyler) 
Westgate. His father, who removed" to 
Haverhill when Tyler was twelve years of 
age, was a well known lawyer, and was also 
Judge of Probate for some time. He was 
educated at Kimball Union Academy, grad- 
uating therefrom in 1864. He served as 
Register of Probate for Grafton County from 
1S71 to 1874, and from 1876 to 1S79. He was 
also clerk of the State Senate in 1876, and 
postmaster of Haverhill from 1881 to 1885. 
Again, in 1889, he was chosen Register of 
Probate, but in the following year upon the 
death of Judge Frederick Chase, was ap- 
pointed judge, continuing till 1913, when he 
retired, having reached the constitutional age 
limit, and devoted himself to probate practice. 
He served as a delegate in the Constitutional 
Convention of 1902. He was a Republican 
and a member of Grafton Lodge, A. F. and 
A. M. He was chairman of the trustees. of 
Haverhill Academy and the Haverhill Library 
Association. He was twice married, first to 
Lucretia M. Sawyer of Malone, N. Y., who 
died in 1884 and^ second, to Phebe J. Bean 
of Livingston, Me., who died in 1894, leaving 
two daughters, who survive their father. 


Miss Kate Sanborn, teacher, author, lec- 
turer and farmer, born in Hanover, N. H., 
Julv 11, 1839, died in Holliston, Mass., July 9, 

She was the daughter of the late Prof. 
Edwin D. Sanborn of Dartmouth College, 
and was educated mainly under her father's 
tuition. She had decided literary talent and 
commenced writing for the press very early in 
life, contributing to various magazines and 
editing departments in the same. For a time 
she was a teacher of elocution in a Brooklyn 
institution, and later was for several years 
professor of English in Smith College. She 
published a number of books, the more nota- 
ble, perhaps, being that entitled " Adopting 
an Abandoned Farm," in which was set 
forth her experience in managing a farm which 
she had purchased at Metcalf, Mass., after 
an aged millionaire, to whom she had become 
engaged, died and left her a fortune. She 
was a loyal daughter of the Granite State, and 
one of the original members of the "New 
Hampshire's Daughters" organization, at 


Rev. Josiah Lafayette Seward, born in 
Sullivan, April 17, 1845, died in Keene, 
July 14, 1917. He was the son of David 
Seward, and was educated at Westmoreland 


The Granite Monthly 

and Phillip? Exeter Academies, and Harvard 
University, graduating from the latter in 1S68. 
In 1870 and 1871 he was principal of the 
Conant High School at East. JatTrey, and in 
1874 graduated from the Harvard Divinity 
School, immediately becoming pastor of the 
Unitarian Church in Lowell, Mass., where he 
remained fourteen years. Subsequently he 
served pastorates in Waterville, Me., and 
Allston, Mass., but, in 1S99, took up his resi- 
dence in Keene, though preaching many 
years in the Unitarian church in Dublin. 

Dr. Seward was a deep student of history, 
and an eloquent and interesting public 
speaker. He was also eminent in Masonry 
and had long been Grand Prior in the Supreme 
Council of the 33d degree for the Northern 
Jurisdiction. Pie was a member of the X. H. 
Historical Society and the Sons of the Amer- 
ican Revolution. 

Walter S. Peaslee, a well known Laconia 
lawyer, died at the hospital in that city. June 
11, after a short illness. He was a native of 
Wilmot, born November 14, 1S54. son of 
George W. and Caroline T. (Burbank) Peaslee 

and was educated at Colby Academy, Xew 
London, and Simonds High School, Wolfe- 
boro. He taught school for a time, studied 
law, was admitted to the bar in 1SS5, and 
located in Laconia. Politically he was a 
Democrat. He was solicitor for Belknap 
Comity, from 1S91 to 1893, and judge of the 
Laconia District Court during the adminis- 
tration of Governor Felker. He had also 
served as chairman of the Democratic City 
Committee of Laconia. He was an Odd 
Fellow, a member of the Pilgrim Fathers, a 
Red Man and a member of the Belknap 
County Bar Association. 

A. Judson Sawyer, who died in Exeter 
July 3, was a native of Hopkinton, born 
February 16, 1841. He served three years in 
the Second N. H. Regiment in the Civil War 
and two years in the Heavy Artillery, He 
had lived in Exeter more than forty years, 
and had served as moderator, selectman, rep- 
resentative and two terms as postmaster. 
He was a Mason, an Odd Fellow, and a mem- 
ber of the G. A. R. He leaves a widow and 
one son, Fred E. Sawyer of Concord. 


"Old Home Week," opening on the third 
Saturday in August, which comes this year 
on the eighteenth day of the month, is now not 
far distant, and it is time for the people of 
the various towns to be perfecting arrange- 
ments for the proper recognition of this 
important mid-summer festival, which had its 
inception in this State, and may well be 
regarded as primarily a Xew Hampshire 
institution. There seems to be a disposition 
in some quarters to avoid any formal observ- 
ance of Old Home Day this year, on account 
of the war, which so engrosses public attention; 
yet if there was eve? a time when love of 
home ought to be strengthened and encour- 
aged that time is now. While some towns 
that have heretofore formally observed the 
occasion may pass it unnoticed this year, 
others which have never done so, it is hoped, 
may come into line. One of these, the town 
of Harrisville, has already announced the 
programme for an appropriate Old Home 
Day observance on Saturday, August 18, the 
opening day of Old Home Week. Two towns 
in the state, Lempster and Sandwich, will 
combine Old Home Day with the celebration 
of the 150th anniversary of their settlement, 
both celebrating on Wednesday, the 22d. 
Many churches are planning Old Home Sun- 

day exercises; while the State Grange requires 
each subordinate Grange in the State to set 
apart the evening meeting nearest Old Home 
Week, as "Old Home Night, " with a pro- 
gramme appropriate to the occasion. 

The town of Pittsfield is fortunate in that 
it has recently been favored with the gift of 
a fine public playground and athletic held, 
the donor being Mrs. Georgia Drake Carpen- 
ter of Manchester, a native of the town and a 
daughter of the late Col. James Drake, in 
whose memory it is given. It is to be known 
as the '"Drake Athletic Field," and was 
formally dedicated and opened to the public, 
with appropriate exercises, July 4. The 
field embraces twelve acres of land, and has 
a grand stand, athletic field, tennis courts and 
a rest house, with other facilities for the 
comfort and enjoyment of the public. 

Xew Hampshire pride is gratified in the 
appointment of Harvey D. Gibson, a Conway 
boy, and President of the Liberty Xational 
Bank, of Xew York, as General Manager of 
the American Red Cross, an organization 
whose importance in the present crisis is not 
surpassed by that of the national army or 

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Crator of the Day 

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!. II 


The Granite Monthly 

Vol. XLIX, No?. 9-10 

SEPTEMBER-OCTOBER, 1917 New Series, Vol. XII, No©. 9-10 


The One Hundred and Fiftieth Anniversary of Its Charter 

Historical Address by H. H. Mctcalf 

The little town of Lempster, in the 
County of Sullivan, with a present 
population of less than 400, though 
numbering within one of 1,000 in 
1830; with a rugged surface and not- 
over-productive soil, where successive 
generations of intelligent, industrious 
and law-abiding men and women 
have lived and labored, reared their 

larly observed the Old Home festival, 
since its establishment by Governor 
Frank W. Rollins in 1899.' 

At the annual meeting in March 
last the town voted to celebrate the 
anniversary, made an appropriation 
toward the necessary expenses, and 
appointed a committee to perfect 
and carry out arrangements to that 

I \ i 

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i'Ti i 

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. .- ■ . ' 


Old Meeting House and Town Hall 

children and sent many of them out 
into the world to do valiant service 
for humanity, while themselves meet- 
ing faithfully all the obligations of 
loyal citizenship, celebrated the one 
hundred and fiftieth anniversary of 
the charter under which it was set- 
tled on the 22d day of August last, 
which was also observed as "Old 
Home Day/' this town being one 
of the few in the state which has regu- 

end. This committee, of which 
Hiram Parker was chairman and 
Arthur W. Welch, secretary, acted in 
cooperation with the officers of the 
Lempster Old Home Week Associa- 
tion, and arranged for a joint ob- 
servance of " Old Home Day" and the 
One Hundred and Fiftieth Anniver- 
sary of the town charter, on Wednes- 
day of ; ; 01d Home Week/' August 22, 
on which occasion the plans of the 


The Granite Monthly 

joint committee were successfully car- 
ried out. it having been arranged that 
the Anniversary programme should 
take the place of the usual Old 
Home Day afternoon exercises. Hiram 
Parker, Ksq., chairman of the Anni- 
versary Committee, town moderator 
and oldest and most honored citizen, 
still vigorous and enthusiastic, though 
now in his 88th year, was selected as 
president of the day; Ex-Congressman 
Hosea W. Parker of Clarcmont, the 
most eminent living native was in- 
vited to deliver the oration, and 


Hiram Parker 

President of the Day 

Henry H. Metcalf, president of the 
New Hampshire Old Home Week 
Association, who was a resident of 
the town for some years in youth, 
was assigned the task of preparing 
an historical address; while several 
natives of the town, resident abroad, 
were notified that they might be 
asked to respond to calls for short ad- 

The day set for the celebration 
proved an ideal one for the occasion, 
the sun's rays being obscured be- 
clouds, but no rain appearing or 
threatening. Returning "prodigals" 
from a distance, began to arrive early, 

and for an hour or two before the 
first bell for dinner, which was rung 
at 11.30, so that there would be 
ample time to serve all, there was a 
hearty exchange of greetings by old 
friends, companions and schoolmates 
long separated, and by townspeople 
from different sections who had not 
met since the last Old Home Day. 

The audience room in the old 
church, or town hall, had been hand- 
somely decorated for the occasion, 
and across the street, between the 
church and store, were hung the stars 
and stripes and the colors of the 
Allied nations. Dinner was served 
in abundance by Silver Mountain 
Grange. At 1.45 p. m. the audience 
room was rilled to its capacity, the 
seats and standing room being fully 
occupied, and many being unable to 
get inside. It w r as estimated that 
five hundred people were in attend- 
ance, including many from neighboring 
towns, and returning sons and daugh- 
ters from several different states. 
The assembly was called to order by 
Clifton A. Metcalf, president of the 
Old Home Week Association, who 
presented the president as one who 
needed no introduction in Lempster 
or Sullivan County. After calling 
upon the audience to join in sing- 
ing "America," and the offering of 
prayer by Rev. Gerhard Dehly, 
President Parker gave a fitting ad- 
dress of welcome, which was happily 
responded to by Dr. Maude W. Tay- 
lor of Hartford, Conn., daughter of 
Levi C. Taylor an eminent dentist of 
that city and native of the town, 
who has been a most welcome Old 
Home Week visitor at the "Street" 
for several years. The oration by 
Hon. Hosea W. Parker was up to the 
standard long ago established by 
that distinguished son of the town, 
dwelling, after appropriate felicita- 
tions, upon some of the grave duties 
and dangers with which the American 
people are confronted in the great 
crisis which they are now T compelled 
to meet, and was delivered with his 
accustomed earnestness and vigor, 

Lcmpster's 150th Anniversary — Historical Address 


although he had been suffering from 
a severe illness for several days pre- 

Spirited and interesting addresses 
were called out from Dr. Charles A. 
Bracket t of Newport, R. L, a distin- 
guished lecturer in the Harvard Den- 
tal School, and a native of Lempster 
who was making his first visit there 
for many years, but who gave as- 

birthplace, spoke briefly, but with 
happy effect. The exercises were 
interspersed with excellent music by 
the Randall-Greeley orchestra of 
Concord, and closed with the sing- 
ing of "Old Lang Syne" by the 

In the evening a concert by the 
orchestra, with readings by Mr. 
Dehly, was enjoyed by an audience 

Dr. Maude W. Taylor 

surance that, if life is spared, it will 
not be his last, and Dr. Abram W. 
Mitchell of Epping, also a native. 
Following these the historical ad- 
dress was heard, after which Mr. Fred 
W. Blanchard of Vermont, and Dr. 
Carl A. Allen of Holyoke, Mass., an- 
other loyal son, who spends his sum- 
mer vacations, regularly, on the shore 
of Echo Lake which borders the south- 
eastern part of the town near his 

which packed the hall, and was fol- 
lowed by dancing till the small hours, 
by a large company of old and 

The historical address, which is 
published here at the earnest solici- 
tation of many, was as follows: 


It may be said in the outset that 
no comprehensive historical sketch 


The Granite Month! if 

of this town can ever be produced. 
The time when that could have been 
done went by, unimproved, years ago,. 
and will never return. The only 
printed matter purporting to be a 
history of Lempster is embraced in a 
brief article in the so-called History 
of Cheshire and Sullivan Counties, 
published|in 1SS6, by J. W. Lewis & 
Co. of Philadelphia, containing fifteen 

their children's children, had passed 
on before the writing. This sketch, 
therefore, upon which the general 
public has to depend for its knowledge 
of Lempster history, so far as it goes, 
is not only necessarily incomplete, 
but not absolutely reliable. 

The territory embraced in the town 
of Lempster was first granted by the 
Massachusetts provincial legislature 

Charles A. Brackett, D. M. D. 

or twenty pages in all and largely 
devoted to eulogy of one leading 
citizen of the town. Aside from the 
meager town records, which contain 
no note of important events in the 
social, educational and religious life 
and progress of the town, the writer 
of this sketch had to depend upon 
tradition for her facts, and that of the 
most hazy character; for every first 
settler, their children and most of 

in January, 1735-6, New Hampshire 
being at that time united with Massa- 
chusetts. It was granted as "No. 
9" in a line of towns running from 
the Merrimack to the Connecticut 
river. No settlement was made, and 
nothing done under this charter. In 
1753, the government of New Hamp- 
shire, then independent, granted the 
same territory, under the name of 
Duppiin, to Samuel Clark Paine and 

Lemp^tcr's IdOth A nniversary — Historical Address 


Silver Mountain from the Perley Farm 

others. This charter also lapsed, 
and again — October 5, 1761— a new 
charter was issued to Benadam 
Gallup and others, the present name 
of Lempster being given. But old 
Benadam and his associates did not 
seem to appreciate the value of what 
had been granted them. At all 
events nothing was done under their 
charter, and the chances are that none 
of them ever came into the territory. 
Again — January 5, 1767 — another 
charter was issued, under which the 
town was finally settled and its 
government ultimately organized. 

While few of the original proprie- 
tors or grantees of our early towns 
ever settled upon the territory given 
them, usually disposing of their rights 
to others, it is proper to give the 
names of the grantees of this charter, 
under which settlement was made, 
which are as follows, so far as avail- 
able record shows: Richard Sparrow, 
James Sparrow. Boginger Tatten, 
John Southmayd, Flbonezer Prindle, 
William Barnes, Stephen Barnes, 
Peter Spencer, John Langclon, John 
Church, Samuel Church, Joseph 
Church, John Wairous, Daniel Foot, 
Ebenezer Kellogg, Ebenezer Dutton, 
Ebenezer Spencer. Hobart Spencer, 
John Borden, Enoch Arnold, Matthais 
Fuller, Jr., Noadiah Fuller, Samuel 
Fuller, James Dickson, Daniel Gates, 
Jr., Stephen Scovel, Samuel Barnes, 

Hezekiah Branard, Joseph Wells, 
Joseph Jewett, Harris Gold, Elisha 
Harvey, Elijah White, Samuel P. 
Lord, John Harvey, Robert Harvey, 
Isaac Ackley, Isaiah Barries, Simeon 
Ackley, John Nelson, Simeon Chap- 
man, John Willey, Sylvanus Cone, 
Matthew Smith, Israel Champion, 

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Old Beckwith House, First Framed House 
. in Town 

Nathaniel Sparrow, Silas Clark, Theo- 
dore Atkinson, James Nevins, Theo- 
dore Atkinson, Jr., Aaron Cleveland, 
Nathaniel Cone, Elkanah Fox, Wil- 
liam Stewart, John Chapman, Israel 

Some few of these will be recog- 
nized as family names in the early 
historv of the town; others as those 


The Granite Monthly 

of men prominent in the provincial 
government, whose names appeared 
among the grantees of most charters 
in those days. Shares were also set 
aside in the charter for the Society 
for the Propagation of the Gospel in 


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Congregational Church 

Foreign Parts, for a glebe for the 
Church of England, a school, and for 
the first settled minister. Also 500 
acres for the royal governor, the 
latter being, as usual, in the south- 
western corner of the township. 

Under this, as under all similar 
charters of the time, all white pines, 
suitable for masts, were reserved for 
the royal navy, though there is no 
evidence, and no probability, that 
any masts for the navy were ever 
cut here. It was provided that, 
annually, for the first ten years, one 
ear of Indian corn should be paid by 
the grantees to the province treasurer, 
if lawfully demanded. After ten 
years each individual proprietor or 
settler, was to pay annually, "one 
shilling, proclamation money, for each 
hundred acres he owned, and so in 
proportion for greater or lesser 
amounts." That none of these pay- 
ments were ever demanded or made is 
safelv to be assumed. 

Aside from the provincial digni- 
taries whose names were included, 
most of the grantees of Lempster, 
under this charter, whose anniversary 
we are celebrating, were Connecticut 
men, as were a large proportion of the 
settlers of all our New Hampshire 
western towns. There is no certainty 
as to the precise date of the first- 
settlement, but it was probably made 
during the year following the date of 
the charter. The historical sketch 
to which 1 have referred has it that, 
according to tradition, a young col- 
ored man, named Tatten, from East 
Haddam, Conn., was the first to locate 
here, building a cabin and returning 
for his wife; also giving such satis- 
factory accounts of the region that 
others soon followed. Whether this 
negro, Tatten, was the "Boginger" 
named among the grantees or a son 
or other relative, deponent saith not. 
His given name is not given. Among 
the first to follow him, were Elijah 
Bingham and Jabez Beckwith, the 
former becoming a long time deacon 
of the church and the latter a colonel 
of the militia. 

It is stated in the sketch mentioned 
that there were eight families in town 
in 1772. The authority for this 
statement must be tradition, since 

Old Nichols Tavern 

there is no record to prove it; but it 
is probably true. 

No town meeting was held until 
1771, and the only record bearing 
upon the history of the town previous 
to that date, is embraced in ten 

Lempster's 150th Anniversary — Historical Address 


foolscap pages of manuscript, record- 
ing the proceedings of certain pro- 
prietors' meetings, held between 
August, 1772. and June. 1776, and 
the record of three surveys of lots, 
made at different times, under their 
direction, being the first, second and 
third divisions, each of these surveys 
covering ten pages. This manuscript 
was deposited with the Secretary of 
State, some time ago, by Wallace D. 
Smith of Portsmouth, a grandson of 

at the house of Jabez Beckwith in 
Lempster in August, 1772, John 
Arnold was chosen moderator, Ben- 
jamin Branard clerk and treasurer, 
John Perkins, Allen Willey and Ben- 
jamin Huntley assessors, and William 
Markh'ani collector. William Mark- 
ham was also appointed a committee 
to perambulate the line between 
Acworth and Lempster. 

This meeting adjourned till the 
second Monday hi November, at the 

Hon. Alvah Smith 

the late Deacon Alvah Smith, among 
whose papers it was found. 
■ From the introductory note to the 
first of these recorded surveys, it 
appears that there had been laid out 
fifty acres to each proprietor in June, 
1768, which were covered by this 
survey; subsequently there were 
second and third divisions of 100 
acres to each proprietor, covered by 
the other two surveys, the numbers 
of the lots only, not the names of the 
proprietors, being given. 

At the first proprietors' meeting 
covered by the record, which was held 

Dr. J. N. Butler 

house of Nathan Branard in'Haddam, 
Conn., and then adjourned, without 
further action, to the house of John 
Arnold on the first Tuesday of Feb- 
ruary, 1773, adjourning then to the 
next day, at the house of Ichabod 
Olmsted in East Haddam, when 
Elijah Bingham was chosen modera- 
tor pro tern, and the second division, 
of lots, of 100 acres each, was voted. 
A committee was appointed to lay 
out the land thus voted, and the same 
committee was directed "to find out 
the most proper places to build mills- 
for the care of the town" — also "to- 


The Granite Monthly 

determine what will be the most suit- 
able method to take to build said 

This meeting adjourned to meet 
at the house of Jabez Beckwith in 

Rev. Alonzo A. Miner, D. D., LL. D. 

Lempster on the first Monday in 
June, 1773, but what took place on 
this date does not appear, as there is 
no record of the proceedings, or of 
any other meeting till June 21, 1774, 
when it was voted that the first 
settled minister shall have the 59th 
lot in the first division, in lieu of the 
32d, voted him at a proprietors 1 
meeting, June 7, 1773 — which, by the 
way, was the unreported adjourned 
meeting just mentioned. It was also 
voted that he have the -17th lot in the 
second division. Voted that Mr. 
Elijah Frink shall have lot 22, Eliph- 
alet Barker lot 21, Silas Bingham 
23, Jabez Hibbard lot 7, Samuel 
Fuller 6, in the second division of the 
town for their ''pitch." 

Voted that Oliver Booth have the 
first pitch on the second division for 
an encouragement to build a grist- 
mill in this town. 

Right here it may be noted that the 
sketch of Lempster, formerly emoted, 
has it that the first mill in Lempster 
was built by Oliver Booth in 1780. 
This was undoubtedly assumed from 
the fact that in the latter year the 
town voted to exempt Oliver Booth's 
mill from taxation. The truth is 
that at the meeting of the proprietors, 
January 9, 1775, it was voted "the 
privilege to be continued to Mr. 
Oliver Booth, for building the grist- 
mill in this town to the first of April 
next, and if the said mill is completed, 
the present committee to give a deed 
of the land that was voted to him, the 
said Oliver Booth." That he com- 
pleted the mill and got his land is 
altogether probable, though there is 
no further reference to the matter on 

'■■:"'.' v - " J^l^r 

25k* il -/v. i 


f ' 


Mrs. A. A. Miner 

(Maria S. Perley) 

At this meeting of the proprietors 
in June, 1774, from the record of which 
we have been quoting, it was also 
voted | that "the names hereafter to 
be mentioned shall have the piivi- 

Lempster's 150th Anniversary — Historical Address 


lege to pitch their lots first — excepting 
those already voted away." These 
names are — Elijah Frink, John Per- 
kins, Samuel Huntley, Vine Beckwith, 
William Markham, Jabez Beckwith, 
Asaph Branard, Elijah Bingham, 
Allen Willey, Oliver Booth, ^ John 
Koundy, Joseph Wood, Eben Lewis, 
Urijah Branard, Phineas Abell, Sam- 
uel Nichols, Jolm Arnold, William 
Carey, William Story, Hezekiah Link- 
ham (Lincoln), Timothy Nichols, 
James Wright. 

While not all the men here named 
were then in town, and probably some 
of them never came, the list gives 

John Perkins, William Story, Timothy 
Nichols. Hezekiah Linkon, Silas Bing- 
ham, Jabez Beckwith, Elijah Bingham, 
Allen Willey, Elijah Frink, William 
Markham and William Carey. 

Just how many voters there were 
in town at this time is not manifest, 
but some idea can be gained from the 
fact that by the census of 1775, the 
next year, taken by the selectmen 
under instruction from the provincial 
government, the entire population 
was given as 128, of whom 44 were 
males under 16, 31 males between 
16 and 50, 4 males above 50, and 
females of all ages, 49. 

. - »-v •»■ -1 -;»'■!; -■ --:;r, - -»-K| 


B. A. Miner Place, Birth-place of Rev. A. A. Miner, D.D. 

something of an idea as to who were 
residents of the town at this time and 
during the next few years. 

A third division of land was voted 
at ^proprietors' meeting, January 23, 
1776, '"giving each proprietor their 
equal share — quantity and quality." 

The last meeting of the proprietors 
of which there is any known record 
was on August 17, 1776, when nothing 
was done and the meeting dissolved. 

The first regular town meeting in 
Lempster, as the records show, was 
bold April 29, 1774, at the house of 
Elijah Frink, having been called by 
Benjamin Giles of Newport, a justice 
of the peace, upon petition signed by 

At this first meeting Elijah Bing- 
ham was chosen moderator; Allen 
Willey, clerk; William Carey, Elijah 
Bingham and Elijah Frink selectmen; 
John Perkins, constable, and Wil- 
liam Carey, tythingman. 

At the second annual meeting, in 
1775, held also at Elijah Frink's 
house, the same men were chosen for 
moderator, clerk and selectmen, but 
Samuel Nichols was elected constable, 
Joseph Wood, Jabez Beckwith and 
William Carey tythingmen, and Sam- 
uel Nichols and Joseph Wood fence- 
viewers, a new office being created. 

At this meeting it was voted that 


The Granite Monthly 

the warrants for future meetings 
should be posted "at the place of 
our meeting on the Sabbath. " It 
is evident, therefore, that the people 
held religious services on Sunday, 
in the early years of the settlement, 

At a special meeting in June, 1788, 
it was voted to raise forty pounds in 
money "to pay Capt. William Carey 
for hiring Matthew Greer to list into 
the Continental army as a soldier for 
this town." 

At another meeting the same month 
a bounty of thirty dollars was voted 
to any person who should kill a grown 
wolf in town. Seemingly a pretty 
liberal bounty, but not so very much 
when considered in connection with a 
vote at a later meeting the same year, 
to raise 400 pounds in money or labor 
at six dollars a day for making and 
repairing highways and bridges. The 
currency at that time was, manifestly, 
greatly depreciated. This, by the 
way, was the first money voted in 
town for highway purposes. 

In 1779, three more new offices 
were established: Sealer of measures, 

Dency Hurd 

although the records show no action 
by the town in relation thereto, until 
March, 1779, when it was voted to 
raise 100 pounds to pay for preaching 
the year ensuing, and Oliver Booth, 
Elijah Bingham, and Samuel Nichols 
were chosen a committee to hire a 
preacher, and instructed to join with 
the committee from Acworth and hire 
the same minister— also to agree with 
Elisha Beckwith for the privilege of 
holding the meeting in his house. 

At the annual meeting in 1777 a 
town treasurer was chosen for the first 
time, Elijah Bingham being elected. 

At a special meeting on April 14, 
of that year, it was voted to raise 
forty pounds by tax on polls and 
ratable estates, that William Carey 
be the receiver, and "that he pay the 
same to our Continental soldiers." 
This is the first reference in the rec- 
ords to anything in connection with 
the Revolutionary War. 




x -. W^ 

Rev. Homer T. Fuller, D. D., LL. D. 

Oliver Booth; deer-reeve, Samuel 
Nichols; leather sealer, Elijah Frink. 

At a special meeting in May of this 
year it was voted to raise 150 pounds 
"to pay the bounty to our Conti- 

Lernpsters 150th Anniversary — Historical Address 


nental soldiers." It was also voted 
to release Thomas Eggleston from 
tax on his poll, "<m condition that 
he prove himself a prisoner of war 
and that he had not been exchanged." 

At the annual meeting in 17S0 it was 
voted not to allow sheep or swine to 
run at large, and Thomas Scovil was 
chosen hogreeve. It was not till 1790, 
however, that a pound was built, 
John Way being authorized to build 
one that year at his own expense, 
and appointed poundkeeper. 

At a special meeting, July 4, 1780, 
called "to see if the town will vote to 
raise money to hire a Continental 
soldier for 6 months; also to see if the 
town will vote to give any encourage- 
ment to the militia that are to be 
draughted for 3 mos.," money was 

Levi C. Taylor, D. M. D. 

voted to hire the soldier, but no en- 
couragement to the militia was given. 

At a meeting October 5, 1780, held 
to choose a grand juror to serve at 
the Court of General Sessions, in 

Keene, Uzel Hurd was chosen — the 
first grand juror from Lempster. 

At the annual meeting in 1781, 
the town voted "to give Abner Bing- 
ham what the selectmen agreed to 






Dr. C. A. A! Jen 

give him on his being returned as a 
soldier from this town in the three 
years' service." 

That there was suspicion, in those 
early days, that official conduct was 
not alwa} T s what it should be appears 
from a vote at this meeting "that the 
present selectmen be a committee to 
inspect the former ones, and the con- 
stables, and lay their doings before 
the town." Yet if any crookedness 
was found nothing seems to have 
been done about it, as no report is 

At a special meeting in July, 1782, 
Allen Willey was appointed "to 
settle with the Committee of Safety 
concerning our return for Continental 
soldiers." At an adjourned meeting, 
a week later, a committee was ap- 
pointed "to settle with Acworth and 
Chariestown in regard to the claims 
made by said towns, of soldiers in the 


The Granite Monthly 

Continental army which this town 


A note at the bottom of the page, 

under this record, reads: 

"Lempster credit for Continental 

soldiers at the Committee of Claims 

office, agreeably to a return received 

by Mr. Silas Mack: 

"Abner Bingham, 16-10-0 

"Ashiel Roundy, 8-11-0 

- "William Tatten, 20-8-0 

" Matthew Greer, 9-1 1-3 " 

A special meeting, April 2, 1783, 

•", ,v"• , ' 


Aid en B. Sabine 

w r as held ' 'to see if the town will grant 
any relief to Bethucl Beckwith, he 
having enlisted as a soldier for said 
town, or whether he shall be taken to 
a Continental officer. - 

"Voted that Jabez Beckwith be and 
hereby is appointed to attend on the 
above named Bethuel Beckwith to a 
Continental officer, and make a re- 
turn to the Committee of Safety if he 
thinks proper, his expenses to be paid 
by the town." 

At a special meeting, December 11, 
1786, the town voted to pay the claim 

of Abner Bingham for twenty pounds, 
nineteen shillings, for service in the 
army during the war, and a copy of his 
receipt for that amount, at the hands 
of William Carey, treasurer, dated 
February. 17S7, is the last reference 
in the records to the matter of Revo- 
lutionary service. 

Right here it is proper to present 
the names of the Lempster men of 
legal age, who signed the famous 
" Association Test," in 1776, pledging 
themselves to oppose at the risk of 
life and fortune, the hostile proceed- 
ings of the British fleets and armies. 
It is Lempster' s "roll of honor." 

The names are: Oliver Booth, 
William Carey, Joseph Wood, David 
Willey, Phineas Abell, Reuben Bing- 
ham, Elijah Bingham, Samuel Nich- 
ols, Abijah Brainerd, Asaph Brainerd, 
Timothy Nichols, Shubael Brainerd, 
Allen Willey, Jabez Beckwith, Elijah 
Frink, Thomas Schophel (Scovil), 
Benjamin Abell, Frederick Abell, 
Thomas Schophel, Jr., Samuel 
Roundy, Silas Bingham, Freegrace 
Booth, John Perkins, William Storv, 
Uzel Hurd. 

The population of the town in- 
creased after the Revolution to such 
extent that in 1790, when the first 
federal census was taken, there were 
415 inhabitants. 

The building of the Second* New 
Hampshire turnpike in 1790, constitut- 
ing the great highway from Windsor, 
Yt., to Boston, which ran through 
this town, and included the main 
street of the village, or what soon 
became a village and quite a center 
of business activity, greatly en- 
hanced the town's prosperity and 
insured still more rapid growth. 
Taverns, particularly, sprang up in 
considerable numbers, the great 
amount of travel by heavy teams, 
over the turnpike, calling for ex- 
tensive accommodations in this line. 
The records show the issuance of a 
great number of licenses to different 
parties to keep tavern in town, by the 

Lempskrs 150th Anniversary — Historical Address 


selectmen, between 1790 and 1820, 
and not a few for the sale of spirituous 
liquor — one of these latter, strange 
to say, in the early part of the last 
century, to that staunch old father 
of Methodism in Lempster — Abner 

In 1830 the population reached its 
highest point; but one less than 1,000; 
since when it has steadily declined, 
being but 383 in 1910, and is today 
probably not over that figure. 

Agriculture has ever been the prin- 
cipal industry of the town. Its 
water-power is limited in extent, the 
most important being that furnished 
by Cold River, at what was long 
known as '''Cambridge Hollow'' — 
more recently "Keyes" — where 
Oliver Booth's mills were located. 
The name of ''Cambridge Hollow" 
came from one John Cambridge, 
who, with his son, operated a cloth 
dressing and fulling mill here in the 
first quarter of the last century, doing 
quite an extensive business for the 
times. Later, along in the sixties 
and seventies, the Keyes Bros., sons 
of Orison Keyes, carried on a large 
wood-working business, employing 
many men and teams. There were 
mills on the south branch of the 
Sugar River in this town in the earlier 
days, and at Dodge Hollow in the 
Southwestern part of the town, there 
was a grist and sawmill for a long 

The most extensive manufacturing 
establishment known in the town's 
histoiy was the tannery, originally 
established by Capt. Timothy Miner, 
but which came into possession of his 
son-in-law, Deacon Alvah Smith, 
about 1818, who carried it on, having 
meanwhile added a large shoe manu- 
facturing plant, until final destruc- 
tion by fire in 1863, it having been 
burned once before, some ten years 
previous. At one time there were 
from seventy-five to one hundred 
men employed in this establishment, 
and it was a very material factor in 
the town's prosperity. 

Lempster has never been the home 
of wealthy men, though some men 
have gone out of Lempster, and ac- 
quired handsome properties. The 
first recorded invoice of the town is 
that of 1793, at which time the three 
heaviest taxpayers in town were James 
Bingham, Jabez Beckwith and Wil- 
liam Carey, Jr. In 1850 the largest 
taxpayers were Alvah Smith, whose 
monev tax was 842.94; Milton Bing- 
ham, §33. 84: Truman Booth, 833.44; 
Alden Carey, 830.90, and Horace W. 

a* : 


William B. Parker 

Sabin, $30.73. The selectmen this 
year were William B. Parker, Joel 
Dame and Luther Pollard. 

In the war of 1812, when the call 
came for men for the defence of Ports- 
mouth from feared attack by the 
British, the following named men, 
under Lieutenant William Carey, 
responded: Daniel Rogers, Jeremiah 
Parker, Leonard Way, Jerome Strick- 
land, Luther Reed, Silas Chamber- 
lain, Benjamin Chamberlain, Charles 
V. Ames, Timothy Scott, George Way, 
Willard Rogers, John Wheeler, Anson 


The Granite. Monthly 

The only recorded action by the 
town in connection with this war, was 
the holding of a meeting September 
18, 1812, to choose delegates to attend 
a county convention "for the purpose 




-:^ ^i;|S| r ' I 



\ :r.i ,»S 



School House, District No. 1 

of deliberating on the perilous situa- 
tion of our country." Capt. Shubael 
Hurd and Deacon Joseph Smith were 
the delegates chosen. 

Lempster responded nobly to the 
■call for defence of the Union in the 
Civil War, generous bounties being- 
paid, and over fifty sons of the town, 
in all, went into the service, under the 
different calls, aside from a number of 
■substitutes furnished by others who 
had been drafted. 

A granite monument at East Lemp- 
ster, erected by the town some years 
iifter the war, to the memory of those 
"who were killed or died in the service, 
bears the following name?: 

George 0. Bruce, Truman A. Spen- 
cer, Lucius A. Spencer, George A. 
Gunnison, Henry J. Davis, George W. 
Libby, Charles W. Corey, Truman 
Young, Solyman Way, Henry L. 
Morse, Isaac M. Dodge, Marshall 
P. Hurd, Capt. Orville Smith. 

An exciting contest in which the 
town was engaged before the legis- 
lature, starting some two years before 
and culminating in 1791, was that 
in reference to the incorporation of 
the town of Goshen, made up of 

parts of the towns of Newport, Unity, 
Wendell (now Sunapce) Fishersfield 
(now Newbury) and Lempster. A 
corner was cut out of the northeastern 
part of Lempster toward making up 
the new town. Lempster fought hard 
against the movement, and sent an 
agent or lobbyist to Concord to work 
against it, but without avail. This 
lobbyist was James Bingham, who 
had succeeded his father, Deacon 
Elisha Bingham, as one of the big 
men of the town. He built the finest 
house in town, still standing, in which 
it is said, Daniel Webster, the college 
classmate of his son James H., was 
frequently entertained in youth. 

The oldest house in town, by the 
way, was built about 1780, by Col. 
Jabez Beckwith, one of the leading 
first settlers. In this house his son, 
Capt. Martin Beckwith, who was 101 
years of age at death, lived and died. 

While religious services had been 
held with more or less regularity from 
the first, and a church had been 
organized in 1781, November 13, 
with Elijah Bingham, Thomas Scovil, 
Nathan Scovil, William Carey, 
Samuel Nichols, Shubael Hurd and 
Samuel Roundy as original members, 


School House, District No. 7 

it was not till 1787 that a movement 
was made toward the settlement of a 
minister. On April 16 of that year 
it was voted at a town meeting "to 
hire the Rev. Elias Fisher to preach in 

Lempstcj-'s 150th Anniversary — Historical Address 


this town on probation, for settle- 
ment," and a committee was ap- 
pointed "to treat with him, and direct 
in what place or places they judge 
will be most convenient to meet for 
public worship.'' Three months later, 
on June 25, it was voted to call Mr. 
Fisher to settle — "to give him 30 
pounds, in addition to the 'ministe- 
rial right' as a settlement, and 40 
pounds salary, to rise annually until 
it reaches 70, and firewood to be cut 
and drawee!." The salary, it may be 
said, was to be paid in produce at 
certain stipulated prices. 

The arrangement was effected and 
Mr. Fisher was publicly ordained 
and installed at a great outdoor 
meeting at the north end of the 
village, September 26, 1787. He con- 
tinued in the pastorate till his death, 
March 22, 1831, a period of nearly 
forty-four years. But the town was 
yet without a meetinghouse, and the 
greatest controversy in its history 
was had over the selection of a site. 
Between the annual meeting, in 
March, 1790, and November, 1792, 
numerous meetings were held, com- 
mittees were appointed, reports made, 
votes taken and reconsidered, out- 
side advice called in and rejected, till 
finally, November 12, 1792, the town 
voted to build a meetinghouse 40 feet 
by 50, the money to build to be raised 
by sale of pew-ground, and the site to 
be twenty-five rods northwest erly 
from the dwelling of Elijah Frink. 
At an adjourned meeting a week 
later, however, the vote as to site 
was reconsidered, and it was voted 
''to set the house on the hill, about 
fifty rods northwest of Elijah Frink's 
house.' 7 This vote stood, though an 
attempt was made to nullify it, and 
at another meeting, November 26, 
it was voted that the contract to 
build the house by the first day of 
December, 1795, for 560 pounds, 
"be let to James Bingham, in such 
pay as is voted for the pews." The 
stone work and underpinning was 
let to Elijah Frink for 25 pounds. 
The first choice of pews went to 

Daniel, James and Calvin Bingham, 
for thirty-seven pounds, and the 
second to William Carey and son 
William for thirty pounds. 

The church was completed in due 
season, and in it, on its commanding 
site, Priest Fisher proclaimed the 
doctrines of undiluted Calvinism for 
more than a quarter of a century. 

Difficult as it was to fix the loca- 
tion of the church, it was not destined 
to remain permanently where placed. 
Many "had never been satisfied, and 
the increase of the village population, 
increased the measure of dissatisfac- 
tion, till finally, in 1S22, its removal 
to this present site was voted and 

4& V^fj 



V • 


Town House and School House, East Lempster 

effected, the work of removal being 
contracted for and carried out by 
Deacon John Taylor. A tower and 
belfry were added, making it an im- 
posing structure for a country village 
and here it has remained these ninety- 
five years, becoming indeed a noted 

The First Congregational Church, 
starting with its seven members in 
1781, grew and flourished under 
Priest Fisher's ministry, over 200 
members having been admitted under 
bis pastorate. Following his, how- 
ever, there were no long or strong 
pastorates. No less than five differ- 
ent clergymen were settled here be- 
tween Mr. Fisher's death and the 
pastorate of Rev. Robert Page, who 
came in 1851 and remained some six 


The Granite Monthly 

or eight years. In 1856 the member- 
ship had declined to eighty-five, and 
later fell off even more rapidly, till 
for many years past there have been 
practically neither pastor nor people. 
Meanwhile, and contributing in no 
small degree to the decline of the 
First Church, a Second Congrega- 
tional Church had been organized, 
erecting an edifice at the Pond Milage 
v or East Lempster, near the geograph- 
ical center of the town, in which the 
Methodists, of whom there were then 
quite a number in town, had an inter- 
est, as well as the Universalists. This 
Second Church flourished but a short 









Universalis t Chapel 

time, and the Methodists came into 
possession of the house, the Univer- 
salists building a chapel for them- 
selves, also, at the east village, in 
1845. This chapel was built for 8500 
by the late William B. Parker, and 
paid for by subscription. 

It was not until 1840 that the 
Methodist church here came into 
regular connection with the New 
Hampshire conference, the first regu- 
lar pastorate being that of Rev. 
S. A. Cushing, assigned that year to 
Lempster and Unity. Since that 
time about thirty-five different clergy- 
men have been assigned to Lempster, 
or East Lempster, which has been 
classed some years with Unity, some 

with Goshen, once or twice with 
Marlow, several years alone, and for 
a number of years past with South 
Acworth. The largest number of 
members ever returned for the 
Methodist church, was seventy-eight 
in 1870. At last accounts there were 
less than thirty in Lempster and 
South Acworth combined. 

The L^niversalists never had preach- 
ing but about one-fourth the time, 
but for many years held regular 
weekly Sunday services, some mem- 
ber of the parish conducting the serv- 
ice and reading a selected sermon 
every Sunday when a minister was 
not in attendance. I have a very 
distinct personal recollection of those 
services in the years 1854-5-6, when 
the preachers were Rev. N. R. Wright, 
Rev. Lemuel Willis and Rev. Joseph 
Barber, and among the readers were 
the president of the day and his since 
distinguished brother. 

The east village, with its two 
churches, the cemetery, located here 
in 1773 when one Rufus Beekus was 
killed by a falling tree and a place 
had to be selected for interment of 
the remains, and the new town hall, 
built sixty years ago, and dedicated 
with great eclat, a cold winter night, 
with the silver tongued Rev. Willard 
Spaulding as the orator, put on airs for 
a time and assumed to be the metro- 
polis, notwithstanding a new Con- 
gregational church had indiscreetly 
been built, at the "Street" back in 
1835, and a high school room had been 
finished off in the upper story of the 
old church building, and successful 
fall terms conducted therein. Its 
glory, however, vanished, with de- 
creasing population, and of recent 
years the " Street" has held undis- 
puted first place; though with a hotel 
no longer, where a hundred years ago 
there were half a dozen, and no regu- 
lar church services, even the "Street" 
has little to give it prominence, but 
the stately old building wherein 
we are gathered, Parker's store, 
where for fifty years Abner Chase 
dispensed groceries and dry goods, 

Lcmpstcrs 150th Anniversary — Historical Address 


and some wet goods for a time, and 
Silver Mountain Grange with its 
home in the old high school hall. 

When or where a school was first 
established in town is not a matter of 
record. That the cause of religion 
was regarded as paramount to that 
of education by the early settlers here, 
as well as in other towns, is doubtless 
true. Money for preaching was ap- 
propriated long before any was given 
for teaching. It is manifest, however, 
that there had been a school in town 
before 17S0, since a special town meet- 
ing, held in October of that year, was 
called to meet in the "schoblhouse." 
The first money voted by the town 
for school purposes, however, was the 
sum of twenty pounds, voted at the 
annual meeting in 1788, for the pur- 
pose of supporting a school. Evi- 
dently there had been but one school 
up to this time, and that had been 
supported by private contribution, 
and the schoolhouse must have been 
built through similar means. Again 
at a special meeting in April, 1790, 
it was voted to sell the town's school 
right of land, so called, and appro- 
priate the money arising from such 
sale for the support of a school. 

There is no record of any division 
of the town into school districts, yet 
that this had been done at some time 
between 1790 and 1792 is apparent 
from the fact that at a meeting, in 
November of the latter year, the town 
voted that seventy-five pounds, lawful 
money be raised "for the purpose of 
building schoolhouses in the districts 
that are now destitute." How many 
districts had been created at first can- 
not be stated, but it is certain that in 
1806 there were eight districts, since 
at the annual meeting, in March of 
that year, the town voted to choose a 
committee of two from each district 
to fix the bounds of the several school 
districts in town, and the following 
named sixteen men were chosen: 
Timothy Miner, Harris Bingham, 
Jacob Smith, Jasper Way, John 
Taylor, Samuel Fletcher, Aaron 

Hardy, Roswell Bingham, Charles 
Miner, Sewell Bennett, Levi Barney, 
James Spaulding, Timothy Nichols, 
Luther Pollard, Benjamin Hudson, 
Joseph Smith. 

Under date of June 26, following is 
a detailed record of their work, show- 
ing the boundaries, by lots and 
owner's names, of the eight school 
districts. That some change was 
afterwards made, and an additional 
district created is certain; but just 
when, can be stated no more defi- 
nitely than when the first division was 

As appears from a printed report of 
the superintending school committee 

'-■ v ' ■■•• VjA-?£*l 


i 5 

: sjfc* 

: K \ : 

■,:■ b<?3 

'•"■■ g§ 

School House, Dodge Hollow 

for 1857-8 (sixty years ago) there 
were then nine districts in town. It 
may be of interest to some persons 
present to know who were then the 
prudential committees in the several 
districts. Their names are given, as 
follows : 

District Xo. 1, Benoni Fuller. 

District No. 2, Ransom P. Beckwith. 

District No. 3, Solon Pollard. 

District No. 4, Joseph Ware. 

District No. 5, Luther Pollard, Jr. 

District No. 6, Thomas Wellman. 

District No. 7, George W. Bryant. 

District No. 8, Samuel Blanchard. 

District No. 9, Oliver Davis. 

All of these men have " passed on," 
and a majority of their children have 
followed them. 


The Granite Monthly 

The summer school teachers for 
that year were : 

District No. 1, Eunice E. Hurd. 

District No. 2, Maria A. Parker. 

District No. 3, Hannah Carey. 

District No. 4, Georglanna Carey. 

District No. 5, Sarah A. Lewis of 
Mario w. 

District No. 6, Ellen M. Spaulding 
of Goshen. 

District No. 7, Olive Richardson. 

District No. 8, Helen Chase, Wash- 

District No. 9, Sylvia Clark. 

The winter school teachers were: 

District No. 1, Dency Hurd. 

District No. 2, Ezra M. Smith, 

'• ' ' 






.... — •. 

■ - 

. . 



The Old Bingham House 

District No. 3, Daniel W. Howe, 
Newport. ' 

District No. 4, Hiram N. Hay ward, 
Ac worth. 

District No. 5, Alfred B. Tables, 

District No. G, Maria A. Parker. 

District No. 7, Henry H. Metcalf. 

District No. 8, Lyman C. Allen, 
Ac worth. 

District No. 9, Sarah M. Peck, 
Ac worth. 

The whole number of scholars at- 
tending summer schools that year was 
158; winter schools, 235; average 
wages of teachers, including board, 

per month, summer, 813.33; winter, 
$23. Whole amount of money raised 
by the town for support of schools, 
S516, being 8100 more than the law 

xVccording to the report during 
that year, District No. 1 had built 
a fine, new schoolhouse, at a cost of 

Lempster has never furnished a 
governor or United States senator 
for this or any other state. One of 
its sons, the distinguished orator of 
the day, represented the old Third 
District in the national house of 
representatives from 1S71 to 1875, 
to his own credit and that of the state 
and the material advantage of the 
whole people. Two only have sat 
in the executive council of the state, 
and the same two, and these only, in 
the state senate. These were the 
Hons. Daniel M. and Alvah Smith, 
the former serving as senator in 1842-3 
and as councilor in 1854; the latter as 
councilor in 1849-50, and as senator 
in 1871. 

The delegates from this town in 
the several conventions that have 
been held to revise the constitution 
of the state, adopted in 1792, when 
Capt. John Duncan of Acworth 
represented that town, Lempster and 
Marlow in the convention, have been: 
Daniel M. Smith in 1850; Cyrus H. 
Hodgman, 1876; Asburv F. Perlev, 
18S9; Loren A. Noyes, 1902; Hiram 
Parker, 1912 — Lempster's grand old 
man — still very much alive. 

The town was classed with Ac- 
worth and Marlow for choice of repre- 
sentative for several years in its early 
history, Oliver Booth being the first 
man elected from this town, in 1778. 
Others serving in the legislature from 
Lempster, in succession, have been: 

Elijah Frink 1781-3, 178S 

James Bingham 1791-7 

Jabez Beckwith 1798-9 

James Bingham 1800-05 

Jacob Smith 1803-13 

Shubaei Hurd 1813-16 

Jacob Smith 1817 

Harris Bingham 1818-20 

Lcnipsfers 150th Anniversary — Historical A del re; 


John Wav 1821-23 

William Carey 1824-26 

Abner Chase 1827-29 

Alvah Smith I83CK31 

Daniel Smith IS32-34 

Martin Beckwith '. . . . 1835-37 

Alvah Smith 1S3S 

Matthew Parker 1839 

Daniel M. Smith 18-10 

Xo choice 1841-2 

Martin U. Beckwith 1843 

Benjamin Parker 1844 

No choice 1 845 

Nathaniel B. Hull 1846 

No choice"" 1847 

Lemuel Miller 1S4S-49 

Aaron Miller 1850-51 

William B. Parker 1852-53 

Jacob B. Richardson 1854-55 

James Booth 1856 

Moses A. Cragin 1895-6 

Bela N. Gordon 1897-S 

William E. Perrv 1899-00 

Herbert S. Hooper 1901-2 

None 1903-4 

Isaac H. Hodgman 1905-6 

Fred A. Barton 1907-8 

Frank W. Huntoon 1909-10 

Arthur W. Welch 1911-12 

Elbert E. Hind 1913-14 

None 1915-16 

Lucius H. Nichols 1917-18 

Did time permit 1 should like to 
pay a word of tribute to the memory 
of some of the men who were prom- 
inent in the active life of this town 
from sixty to sixty-five years ago. 
when I was resident here in early 

Echo Lake From Silver Mountain 

Jacob B. Richardson 1857 

Harvey Dudley 185S 

Hosea W. Parker 1S59-60 

Ransom Beckwith 1861-62 

Hiram Parker 1863-04 

Denmson Nichols 1865 

Nathan George 1866-67 

Abram Bean 186S-69 

George E. Dame 1870-71 

Edmund B. Richardson 1872-73 

William T. Thissell 1874-75 

Andrew J. Mitchell 1S76-77 

Cyrus H. Hodgman 1878 

Arvin S. Roundv 1879 

Lucius A. Purmort 1S81-2 

None 1883-4 

None 1885-6 

W illiam A. Morrison 1887-8 

William C. Sabine 1SS9-90 

Rockwell T. Craig 1891-2 

None 1893-4 

youth, but there is time for mere 
mention only. Alvah and Daniel M. 
Smith were the leading men and the 
leaders of the opposite parties, but 
there were many men of strong 
character and stalwart manhood, such 
as Milton Bingham, Alden B. and 
Plorace . W. Sabin, Abner Chase, 
Lemuel Miller, James H. Collins, 
John Wilcox, Hiram Fletcher, Nathan 
George, Erastus I). Taylor, Alden 
Carey, William B. Parker, William 
Spaulding, Jacob B. Richardson. Tim- 
othy Bruce, Asbury F. Perley, 
Luther Pollard, Collins Hurd, Smith 
Hurd, Saxon Carey, Ralph Spencer, 
Ransom P. Beckwith, Duren Honey 


The Granite Monthly 

and a host of others; most beloved 
of all — that good Samaritan doctor- 
Jacob N". Butler. 

Mention should be made of the 
many men who have gone out of this 
town to win success in various lines 
of the world's work — at the head of 
the list that greatest of New England's 
preachers for a generation — Alonzo 
A. Miner, successor of Hosea Ballou, 
and first president of Tufts College; 
and that other scholarly teacher and 
preacher, Homer Taylor Fuller, princi- 
pal of St. Johnsbury Academy, of 
the Worcester Polytechnic Institute 
and Drury College. Rev. Dr. Willard 
Spaulding, Sylvester A. Parker, Lucius 
A. Spencer, and others from this town 
were ministers of the gospel. The 
present president of the Sullivan 
County bar and your orator of the 
day has been the most prominent- 
member of the legal profession that 
Lempster has produced, though James 
H. Bingham of an earlier day ranked 
well, and Anson L. Keyes and 
George E. Perley, both long promi- 
nent in Minnesota, have well main- 
tained the reputation of their native 
town. Truman Abell, Yorick Hurd, 
William Hurd, Osman B. Way, Carl 
A. Allen and Abram W. Mitchell 
have honored the medical profession. 
Waldemar W. Spaulding, teacher, 
manufacturer and banker, Levi C. 
Taylor, Charles A. Brackett and Ozias 
M. George eminent among Xew Eng- 
land dentists, Hira Beckwith. success- 
ful architect, George A. Butler and 
Bertrand T. Wheeler civil engineers 

of high standing — the latter now 
chief engineer of the Maine Central 
railroad, are a few of the men 
from this, town who have "made 
good" in the world's broad field of 

Let us not forget, today, the faith- 
ful few who have remained in the old 
home town, toiled against adverse 
circumstances and unfavorable con- 
ditions to maintain the standard of 
honor and integrity which their ances- 
tors set up, to save the lands from the 
wilderness and preserve the traditions 
and the sanctity of the "Old Home" 
life; who have kept Lempster still on 
the map) and in every year since Old 
Home Day was instituted have called 
the wandering children back to the 
homes and scenes of childhood and 
youth. All honor to this faithful few 
and the highest honor, Mr. President, 
to him whose active life has covered 
more than half the entire history of 
the town, who has held more offices 
than any other man who ever lived in 
town, and honored them all, who is 
the friend of every man, woman and 
child in Lempster, beloved, esteemed 
and respected, and now in his 88th 
year,- presides over these anniversary 
exercises with the same enthusiastic 
spirit winch he has manifested on Old 
Home Day for the last two decades. 
May he live to rival Capt. Martin 
Beckwith in length of years. May 
his last days on earth be his happiest, 
and his final reward such as the 
faithful servant of his fellowmen is 
justly accorded. 


. ',/> 'A fa '^p.* ^.i ,»m 

°& 'v-' r> 




Rev. Josiah Lafayette Seward, 
D. D., of Keene, died there July 14, 
1917, notice of his decease appearing in 
the Necrology Department in the last 
issue of the Granite Monthly. At 
his funeral held in the Unitarian 
Church in that city, July 18, Rev. 
S. H. McCollester, D.D., of Marlboro, 
an early friend and teacher of the de- 
ceased, delivered the following eulogy, 
which is published, with a portrait of 
the deceased, for the benefit of his 
many friends : 

Sixty-one years ago I tarried for a 
night in a real New England home, 
some eleven miles to the eastward of 
this large, sad assembly, in the town 
of Sullivan, in which resided a brainy 
farmer and a noble wife and two 
promising sons. It was an ideal 
dwelling-place, where snow drifted 
deep in winter and the clover blos- 
somed sweet in summer. Here I 
saw for the first time the son, Josiah 
Lafayette Seward, a robust boy of 
twelve years old. I was there as a 
school commissioner of New Hamp- 
shire, to visit on the morrow their 
district school, in the little red school- 

As the morning came I went into 
the school of some twenty pupils. 
Here I really saw Josiah. He was 
prominent among other students, 
older than himself. He had already 
mastered Colburn's Arithmetic and 
Leonard's New England Speller, and 
was advanced in all the other ele- 
mentary branches which he pursued. 

The next fall he came to West- 
moreland to attend the Valley Semi- 
nary, which was under my charge, 
taking up higher English branches 
and ranking well in them all. He was 
large of his age, having a fine physique 
and an active temperament. He was 
highly esteemed by teachers and 

scholars. He was with me several 
terms, ranking high in all respects. 

After this he went to Exeter Acad- 
emy, the finest college fitting school 
in the country, taking the three years' 
classical course. He ranked among 
the best in scholarship and deport- 
ment while he was there, and grad- 
uated with honors. 

The coming fall he was matricu- 
lated in the classical course of Har- 
vard University, without any exami- 
nation. Here he stood first-class in 

r \ 

Rev. Josiah L. Seward, D. D. 

all his studies and in his deportment, 
graduating at the end of four years 
Bachelor of Arts, without a demerit 
mark during the whole course. He 
was so intensely engaged in master- 
ing the different subjects pursued that 
he could not find any time for "'sow- 
ing wild oats/ 7 

Thereafter, for some time, he en- 
gaged in teaching both in the South 

104 . 

The Granite Monthly 

and in the North. After this he en- 
tered Harvard Divinity School, 
proving himself high-minded and a 
fine scholar. When he graduated, 
S.T.D., the professors spoke of him 
as a learned preacher and a wise 

For a year after leaving the Divin- 
ity School he preached most accepta- 
bly to a church in Springfield, Mass., 
when he was called to settle over the 
first Unitarian Church in Lowell, 
where he remained fourteen years, 
making himself known and felt as an 
eloquent^ preacher, a good pastor and 
an enterprising citizen. 

From Lowell he was called to settle 
in the college town of YVaterville, 
Maine. Here he remained ten years 
and became popular as a religious 
teacher, and as he mingled with the 
students of Colby University, he was 
often asked to address them, in the 
different departments, on various 
subjects. While he remained here he 
was loved and honored. 

For reasons he was made to feel, 
when he received an unexpected invi- 
tation from Allston, a suburb of 
Boston, to settle over the Unitarian 
Church there, it would prove best for 
him to do so. Accordingly, a change 
was at once made and here he con- 
tinued for six years, doing successful 
work in and out of the pulpit. 

But now, as his hair was becoming 
somewhat silvered, his heart waxed 
warm for his native state, his be- 
loved New Hampshire, and this in- 
duced him, against the wishes of his 
church, to break of! his connection 
with them as pastor and to the Granite 
State turn his steps for his last settle- 
ment. Really New Hampshire had 
become somewhat of a Holy Land to 
him. Keene seemed his New Jeru- 
salem; Ashuelot River his Jordan; 
Sullivan his Nazareth; Dublin his 
Mount Zion, and Monadnock, his 
Mount Sinai. 

He had scarcely got settled in his 
home at Keene, before he was 
urgently requested to supply the 
Unitarian pulpit in Dublin, which he 

did to the great delight of the people 
there, and faithfully served them up 
to the time of his illness — some four- 
teen -years — preaching to them many 
an able sermon and giving them an 
abundance of large-hearted sympa- 
thy in their sorrows. He had not 
been there long before it was generally 
discovered that he was a learned man, 
having much knowledge of the world 
and especially of the history of our 
country, state and county. He was 
unsurpassed by any other in this 
region as a genealogist and chronolo- 
gist, so was very often called upon to 
give lectures and addresses before re- 
ligious bodies, centennial celebrations 
and other public gatherings. He was 
well versed in the lore of Freemasonry 
and did an immense work for the 
order in Keene and throughout the 
country. His historical addresses, 
delivered in this vicinity and else- 
where, will long be remembered, as 
treasures of great worth. He was a 
broad minded, consecrated Christian, 
wishing to help everybody. 

As the true Christian passes of! the 
stage of action, not a few Croesuses 
and Napoleons would gladly exchange 
their wealth, or fame, for the price- 
less riches he has borne into eternity. 
As the years roll on his name does 
not tarnish. He built upon the solid 
rock, while on earth, a monument to 
himself out of kind and noble deeds, 
which remain intact when bronze has 
corroded into dust and granite dis- 
solved to ashes. His character must 
be beautiful in the mansions above. 

Is not this true of Paul, Tabitha 
and Lincoln? Such, in crossing the 
Jordan of death, have no occasion to 
say as did Horace Walpole, ''Life is a 
comedy to those that think, and a 
tragedy to those that feel"; nor to 
declare as did Solomon, "All is vanity 
of vanities!" But the Christian life is 
a success and sends out the thrilling 
canticle of Paul, "I have fought a. 
good fight; I have finished rny course, 
I have kept the faith." 

May not this be said of Dr. Josiah 
Lafayette Seward, whose mortality 

Kale Sanborn — An Appreciation 


i^ beautifully and magnificently em- 
banked in wreaths of exquisite flow- 
ers, secured and set by artful hands 
— the presentation and outgiving of 
loving and sorrowing hearts? 

He believed intensely in the Father- 
hood of God. the Sonship of Christ and 
the Holy Spirit. As he dropped his 
sickle, 72 years old, he was si ill an 
intense almoner in blessing others re- 
ligiously, educationally and socially. 
He was a remarkably wise and cul- 
tured man, wishing to help all souls, 
believing most devoutly that one is to 
reap just jvhat he sows. 

Blessed spirit! we are glad thy way 

Is onward and upward on high, 
Midst angels and fair works alway 

With no more grief nor any sigh. 

What throngs of old friends must have stood 
At the gates ajar, whom he knew, 

As he passed to the other shore, 
Being delighted and still true! 

What welcome he must have received! 

What good news from dear friends on high! 
What blest tidings from friends below, 

Wishing all very dear ones nigh! 

So, friends, let him not be lifeless, 
But more alive and active henceforth 

Than ever while in mortal mold, 
Doing works of very high worth. 


By Edna Dean Proctor 

Miss Kate Sanborn has gone from 
us, and left us and the world poorer 
for her going. She died July 9 of this 
year in her summer home at Metcalf, 

What state but New Hampshire 
could have produced a woman like 
her? Grand niece of Webster, there 
was in her nature something of the 
dignity and poise of its mountains — 
of the rush and force and sparkling 
brightness of its high-born streams; 
yet, withal, something of the freedom 
and abandon of its winds when they 
blow for a frolicsome day — ruffling the 
sturdy oaks, waking the music of the 
pines and playing with the trim 
gardens and the hats and wraps of the 
people on the street ; yet as these same 
winds can subside to the quiet of the 
remotest vale among the hills, so she 
could quickly pass from vivacity and 
merriment to silence and repose. 

New Hampshire is proud of her 
gifted daughter, and now that her 
life of effort and achievement is 
ended, welcomes her to rest with her 
kindred on the banks of the beautiful 
Connecticut, where she was born. 

A warm heart, a valiant spirit, 
trenchant yet kindly wit and keen 
insight, love of work and high ambi- 
tion, were combined in her to form a 
unique, delightful, vivid personality. 

Her books, her generosities, her bril- 
liant sallies, her loyal friendships will 
long be treasured by her host of 
friends. Asking one who knew her 
well what single adjective would best 
describe her, the answer was, "Re- 
freshing." This was most true of her. 
There was nothing monotonous or 
stereotyped about her. Her en- 
trance to a room was like a cool breeze 
springing up in a tropic day. Always 
responsive and interested in her 
surroundings, whether of city or 
country, she loved not only men and 
women, but the wild creatures in her 
woods and meadows at Metcalf, and 
protected them as far as possible 
from hunters and prowlers. With 
much care she planted the blue forget- 
me-not on the banks of her brook and 
domesticated the dear, old-fashioned 
flowers in her garden. Dogs were 
her especial pets and her last book, 
handsomely illustrated, and on which 
she had spent much time, was, 
" Educated Dogs of Today"— the 
Iliad of dogs it might be called. 

Who that has enjoyed her hospital- 
ity can ever forget her home and her? 
— so gracious, so hearty she was — so 
lavish of her treasures for the pleasure 
of her guests. Such welcome be hers 
in her new life as she gave her friends 
in this! 

196 The Granite Monthly 


By Edna Dean Proctor 

Our Country! Whose eagle exults as he flies, 
In the splendor of noon-day, broad-breasting the skies, 
That from ocean to ocean the land, overblown 
By the winds and the shadows, is Liberty's own. 

We hail thee! we crown thee! To east and to west, 
God keep thee the purest, the noblest, the best, 
While all thy domain with a people he fills 
i As free as thy winds and as firm as thy hills! 

Our Country! bright region of plenty and peace, 
Where the homeless find refuge, the burdened release, 
Where manhood is king, and the stars, as they roll, 
Whisper courage and hope to the lowliest soul. 


Our Country! whose story the angels record — 
Fair dawn of that glorious day of the Lord, 
When men shall be brothers and love, like the sun, 
Illumine all lands till the nations are one. 



By Mary J, Campbell. 

All the waste places are filled with their splendor 
The dry barren soil, e'en the rocks they defy, 

To highways, and byways, their homage they tender 
And wave a salute, as the traveler goes by. 

The sweet birds of heaven dip low, in their. flight; 

In their velvety branches a moment they sway, 
Trill forth in their gladness a song of delight; 

With a new note of rapture go singing away. 

On the high mountain tops their bright beauty waves. 

And down in the gully the boulders enfold; 
In churchyards forgotten, the low sunken graves, 

Are tenderly covered with blossoms of gold. 

*This song, written by Miss Proctor, and set to music by her nephew, David Proctor of New 
York, was first sung in public in New Hampshire, at the " Patriotic Night" meeting of Capital 
Orange, P. of H., of Concord, on the evening of July 4, 1917, by Miss Alice M. Rainie, soprano 

Flag of Mine! 197 

Kind nature has given to summer her blessing 

In garlands of beauty that all may behold 
But to highways, and byways, her glory possessing, 

She scatters her splendor in numbers untold. 

Beauteous bloom, sweet summer's last token, 

Long lovingly held in a parting embrace; 
O'er natures vast acres unclaimed and unbroken, 

The living, and dead, partake of your grace. 


By Charles Never s Holmes 

My Country's Flag! Flag of mine! 
Watch o'er this land, this land of thine! 
Watch o'er its homes from sea to sea, 
Its happy homes and liberty; 
From grand Atlantic's rock-bound strand 
To great Pacific's mountain land, 
From coral reef to northern pine 
Keep watchful ward, Flag of mine! 

My Fathers' Flag! " O Flag of mine! 
Wave o'er this loyal land of thine! 
Wave o'er thy children day by day, 
Around their hearths or far away; 
When sun awakes in morning's sky 
Or sinks to rest as dusk draws nigh, 
O'er barren sand and fruitful vine 
Wave far and wide, Flag of mine! 

My Country's Flag! O Flag divine! 
Reign o'er this land, this land of thine! 
Reign o'er thy nation all alone 
Like rightful king upon his throne; 
In peace or war, in life or death, 
As long as man has mortal breath, 
With stripes that gleam and stars that shine 
Reign far and nigh, Flag of mine! 
41 Arlington St., Newton, Mass. 

*This poem, or song to the flag, set to music by Herbert W. Ramie, was first sung by the 
Capital Male Quartette at the meeting of Capital Grange, on "Old Home Night," August 15, 
and again at the "'Old Home Sunday" meeting in Rollins Park,, August 19. 



Among the New Hampshire towns 
celebrating their 150th anniversaries 
this year, was Atkinson,, a little town 
on the Massachusetts border, long 
noted for its famous academy. The 
celebration immediately followed " Old 
Home Week" and was the occasion, 
of course, of a grand home coming of 
the absent sons and daughters of the 
old town. 

A bonfire on Fuller's Hill, Saturday 
August 25, heralded the opening of 
the festivities. On Sunday there 
were appropriate services in the Con- 
gregational church, conducted by 
the pastor, Rev. R. A. Goodwin, 
assisted by Rev. Roger F. Etz of 
Concord and Rev. C. R. Hamlin of 
the Plaistow Congregational church, 
the house being filled to its capacity. 
Monday was given up to baseball 
and sports for the amusement of the 
young, and on Tuesday occurred the 
celebration proper, with informal ad- 
dresses in the forenoon, by Prof. J. 
V. Hazen of Dartmouth College, Rev. 
B. H. Weston of Georgetown, Mass., 
a former principal of the academy; 
Prof. C. H. Noves, principal of 
Nashua High School, Prof. H. X. 
Dunham, principal of the academy, 
and others. Music was furnished 
through the day by a male quartette 
from Haverhill, Mass. At noon a 
fine banquet was served by Page of 
Lowell, Mass., following which a 
historical sketch was presented by 
George A. Page, and the oration was 
given by Col. John H. Bartlett of 
Portsmouth, Herbert X. Sawyer, Esq., 
Chairman of the Committee of Ar- 
rangements, presiding. Following is 
Mr. Page's historical sketch: 


In giving an historical sketch of 
Atkinson we will go back to the time 
when it was a part of Haverhill, which 
was settled in 1640. It was a portion 
of territory which was conveyed to the 
settlers by the Indians, Passaquo and 
Saggahew, with the consent of their 
chief, Passaconnoway, by their deed, 

now in existence, dated November 15,. 
1(342. Thus we see the early settlers 
started right by getting a good title 
to the land we now call Atkinson. 
In 1727 or 1728, Benjamin Richards 
of Rochester, X. H., Nathaniel, 
Jonathan and Edmund Page, and 
John Dow of Haverhill, moved into 
the wilderness and were the first 
settlers of our town. In 1749 Plais- 
tow was set off from Haverhill and 
incorporated as a town, and it then 
contained the territory of Atkinson. 
On September 3, 1767, our own town 
was incorporated by the legislature, 
John Went worth being governor and 
Thomas Xoyes was given authority to 
call the first town meeting. The 
town then received the name Atkin- 
son, it being called after Hon. Theo- 
dore Atkinson, who was a large real 
estate owner on Providence Hill. He 
was an influential man, being a mem- 
ber of the council of the state. There 
is a tradition that he bought this large 
estate for a barrel of rum on agree- 
ment that he should have all the land 
he could go around in one day on 
horseback, starting at an oak tree on 
the land now owned by H. X T . Sawyer. 

The town was set off from Plaistow 
for the purpose of accommodating the 
'inhabitants in attending public wor- 
ship. The first church was built in 
1768-69, and was taken down in 1S45. 
It stood just below the cemetery. 
Previous to the building of the church, 
most of the town and church meetings 
were held in the home of Mr. Nathan- 
iel Cogswell. The increase in the 
population was very rapid from the 
first settlement of the town, so that in 
1775 the population was 575. In 
looking over the first book of records, 
I find the names of Atwood, Brown, 
Bradley, Cogswell, Clement, Dole, 
Dow, Emerson, Eaton, French, Green- 
ough, Gilbert, Grover, Hale, Johnson, 
Knight, Little, Merrill, Noyes, Poor, 
Page, Richards, Sawyer, Taylor, 
Whittaker, Webster, and many others. 

The first house was built by Ben- 
jamin Richards in the lane just below 

A th'n son ■ s A nniversary 


my home. The old house was burned 
•some forty years ago. It was there 
that Ezekiel IV- knap died. He had 
been a soldier in the French and 
Revolutionary wars, and was present 
at the execution of Andre. 

In 1774 the town voted to buy 100 
weight of powder and 200 weight of 
lead, and 600 flints for town stock. 

In the beginning of the Revolu- 
tionary War a pledge was circulated 
in town which every man signed, and 
which is as follows: "We do hereby 
solemnly engage and promise that 
we will to the utmost of our power at 
the risk of our lives and fortunes, 
with arms oppose the hostile proceed- 
ings of the British fleets and armies 
against the United American Colo- 
nies." History tells us whether they 
did well or not. Mr. Nathaniel 
Cogswell's eight sons all took part in 
the long and bitter strife between them 
and the mother country. These sons 
performed 38 years of service in that 
struggle for liberty. Probably no 
other family in the country could 
show so long a service in opposing the 
oppression of King George III. The 
father of these patriotic sons also lost 
heavily by loaning money for the use 
of the good cause, by the depreciation 
of the currency. Gen. Nathaniel 
Peabody, of whom I shall soon speak, 
did great service. 

The first minister of the church was 
Rev. Stephen Peabody, who received 
a call in 1772, and who was pastor for 
so long a time. He received about 
eighty pounds a year for his salary. 
He was born in Andover in 1741 and 
died in 1819. He was a chaplain in 
the army in the Revolutionary War; 
was married twice, the first time to 
Polly Haseltine of Bradford, Mass., 
and his second wife was the widow of 
John Shaw of Haverhill, daughter of 
Rev. John Smith of Weymouth, Mass., 
and sister of Mrs. President Adams. 
To show how d liferent customs were 
then from those of the present time 
I will tell you he always kept open 
doors at all times of the day, and, as 
many persons from the northern part 

of the state and Vermont travelled 
through this town on their way to 
and from Massachusetts, where they 
had been to trade, they would enter 
his sitting-room, where they always 
knew there would be a good fire, and 
would warm themselves and talk with 
their host; and oftentimes at night 
he would be in bed in an adjoining 
room and would talk with them, and 
the}', not seeing him and he not even 
asking their names, would go on their 
way. I understand this is the custom 
at the present time in some parts of 
the West. As he was one who was 
identified with the town in so many 
of its interests, I will describe him in 
the language of one who lived in his 

"In person Mr. Peabody was large 
and commanding, having attained 
full six feet in height and being other- 
wise of a portly dimension. His eye 
was black, and his face was swarthy, 
but well proportioned. His hair was 
bushy and curling. Though in gen- 
eral courteous and bland in his ad- 
dress, yet when he heard profane lan- 
guage or received a personal insult an 
awful shadow would gather on his 
visage; his eye would roll fiery glances 
in every direction, and a dauntless 
volley of rebuke would be poured 
from his lips." 

Dr. Nathaniel Peabody, who was 
born in 1741 was the first physician 
of this town. He held many high 
offices in the state and nation. He 
was lieutenant-colonel of the seventh 
New Hampshire regiment, delegate to 
the Continental Congress, speaker of 
the New Hampshire house of repre- 
sentatives, state senator and council- 
lor, and major-general in the militia. 
He was undoubtedly a man of great 
ability, surpassed perhaps by none in 
the state, yet he died in the jail yard, 
after being involved in debt. 

The petition for a charter for the 
academy in this place was dated in 
1791 and the inhabitants all deserve 
much praise for their interest in edu- 
cation. Its principal leaders were the 
men I have spoken about, Parson 


The Granite Monthly 

Peabody, Doctor Peabody, and Doc- 
tor Cogswell. The academy build- 
ing was begun in J 786. It stood just- 
above the residence of John H. Smith. 
The raising occurred on the 18th of 
September, which was a fair day, 
which was quite a contrast to the 
celebration wc had in 1SS7. The 
building stood fifteen years, when, on 
the 16th of November, 1802, it was 
consumed by fire. 

The second academy was raised on 
the 12th day of May, 1803. It cost 
S3, 100 of which 82,000 was a debt, of 
which Preceptor Vose took one- 
eighth and Parson Peabody the re- 
mainder, which must have been a 
great burden to him through life. 
One of the bills of the building com- 
mittee was cash paid Moses Atwood 
for rum, to the amount of S50.73. It 
was a question for some time whether 
the academy should be open to both 
sexes, and it seemed at one time as if 
another school would be established 
for girls, but they at last came to the 
conclusion that it would be better to 
let the fair sex enter the school. 

Many noted, men have received in- 
struction within its walls, among 
whom were Levi Woodbury, Governor 
Kent, Gen. James Wilson, Judge 
White, President Hale of Hobart 
College, Benjamin Greenleaf of mathe- 
matical fame, and President Brown 
of Dartmouth College. 

Many noted business men of other 
places have gone out from this town. 
Atkinson has furnished our neigh- 
boring city of Haverhill with two 
mayors while the banks of Haverhill 
and some other places I might men- 
tion are filled by the descendants of 
this town. One of its citizens, Wil- 
liam C. Todd, who gave Atkinson its 
soldiers' monument gave largely to 
Newburyport and Boston libraries 
and to Mt. Holyoke College. Pee v. 
Joseph Kimball gave Atkinson the 
public library which was the home of 
Rev. Stephen Peabody, the first 
minister of Atkinson. 

Atkinson has two organizations 
which have done a great deal for the 

town: the Jr. O. U. A. M. and At- 
kinson Grange; both of these orders 
are large and nourishing and have a 
good standing; throughout the state. 

Some of the town's inhabitants 
have held long sendee in town affairs; 
Peter Clement, one of the first settlers, 
held the office of selectman a score of 
years and John H. Smith and Edward 
X. Greenough held this office more 
than half that number. The late 
Samuel B. Mason held the office of 
town clerk twenty-five years, and was 
tax collector twenty-one years, while 
the office of representative to the 
legislature has been held for three 
generations in the Sawyer family 
which includes our present represen- 
tative, H. N. Sawyer, who is serving 
his thirty-second year as a member of 
the school board. There have been 
many military officers in town in 
earlier days. It has had one major- 
general, eight colonels, five majors 
and thirty-one captains. 

Atkinson has always been noted for 
being free from calls to help the poor. 
The old residents of Atkinson were a 
strong and hardy race, possessing none 
of the luxuries of life; working hard 
from morning to night and receiving 
a small amount of money in return. 
Yet they could be depended upon in 
all calls for upholding patriotism, edu- 
cation, and religion. The votes of the 
town in Revolutionary times showed 
that they did everything in their power 
to help on the cause which they loved 
and fought so nobly for. The des- 
cendants showed the same mettle in 
the war of the rebellion, when they 
followed the old flag to victory. 

Now that we have learned some- 
thing of what our forefathers did, in 
the sacrifice of their lives and fortunes, 
let us go forward and do our bit, re- 
membering the boys who are called 
upon to defend our country in the 
greatest war known in history. Let 
us stand for our town, state, and na- 
tion, and let us be lifters, not leaners, 
in life's struggle, and keep Atkinson 
in the front rank as one of the grand 
old towns of the Granite State. 




Rev. Edward Robie, D.D., pastor of the 
Congregational church in Greenland for more 
than Go years, died at the Boston City Hos- 
pital, September 20, 1917, as the result of 
in juries from a fall on the steps of the State 
House in that city, a few days previous. 

Dr. Robie was a native of Gorham, Me., 
born April 5, 1821, son of Deacon Thomas S. 
and Clarissa (Adams) Robie. He was grad- 
uated from Gorham Academy in 1S36 and 
from Bowdoin College, where he gained Phi 
Beta Kappa rank, in 1840. Pie was a student 
at Anclover Theological Seminary till 1843, 
when he graduated, and immediately went 
abroad, pursuing advanced studies for two 
years in the University of Halle, near Leipzig, 
Germany. Returning home, lie became 
teacher of languages in "Gorham Academy, 
continuing till 1S4S, when he became assist- 
ant professor of Hebrew in Anclover Seminary, 
remaining three years, meanwhile occasion- 
ally preaching as a supply. He commenced 
supplying the pulpit of the Congregational 
church in Greenland in September, 1851, and 
on February 25, 1S52, was ordained and 
installed its pastor, continuing regularly in 
the service until his death, his pastorate 
having be^n more extended than that of any 
living clergyman in the state and probably 
in the country, covering practically, a period 
of sixty-six years. Indeed it has been ex- 
ceeded by those of only two others, in the 
entire history of the state, so far as known, 
those being that of Rev. Laban Ainsworth 
of Jaffrey, seventy-five years and five months, 
and Rev. Joseph Adams of Newington, sixty- 
seven years and seven months. 

Dr. Robie, who received the degree of D.D., 
from Dartmouth College in 1S76 and from 
Bowdoin in 1894, was a deep thinker, and a 
close student, and his sermons evinced a 
high _order of seholarship. In 1893, when 
over 70 years of age, he took a special course 
at Harvard in order to master certain sub- 
jects with which he proposed to deal in his 
sermons. He was universally beloved and 
respected as a citizen and friend, as well as 
pastor, by the entire community where he 
had passed so long and useful a life. 

Dr. Robie was united in marriage, Decem- 
ber 28, 1852, with Susan P., daughter of Rev. 
Thomas and Elizabeth (Lord) Jameson, of 
Effingham, N. H., who died June 12, 1878, 
without children. 


George Rensalaer Brown, born in Acworth, 
March 4, 1834, died at the Clara F. Wright 
Hospital in Newport, September 17, 1917. 

He was a son of Aaron and Eadey (Watts) 
Brown, received his early education in the 
district and select schools of his own and 

neighboring towns, and taught several winters 
with much success, before determining upon 
a college course, for which he prepared at 
Mt. Caesar Seminary, Swanzey, entering 
Tufts College and graduating with the 
class of 1860, having paid his way by teach- 
ing, in which occupation he had few superiors. 

After graduation he entered the office of 
Hon. Edmund Burke of Newport, as a stu- 
dent at law, was admitted to the bar in June, 
1S6S, and immediately commenced practice 
in Newport, where he continued through life, 
being for a time associated with Mr. Burke. 
While a student he engaged in teaching, was 
active in the organization of the Newport 
Union School District, and was the first 
principal of the high school. He was also, 
for several years, a member of the board of 
education, and never lost his interest in school 
affairs. As a lawyer he was well-read, alert, 
and thoroughly devoted to the interests of 
his clients. Indeed he only failed of reaching 
the highest measure of professional success 
because of a stronger interest in the financial 
welfare of his clients than himself — a failing 
not common among lawyers. His charges 
were always moderate when made, and fre- 
quently uncollected, and very often his serv- 
ice was gratuitously rendered. His generosity 
and kindness of heart was only excelled by 
his modesty. He would render a favor to a 
friend, neighbor or acquaintance, at personal 
sacrifice, with the greatest pleasure. To his 
interest in an unfortunate client the State of 
New Hampshire is indebted for the oblitera- 
tion, through a decision of the Supreme 
Court, of the disgraceful law authorizing the 
sale of unpaid taxes to the highest bidder. 

In religion Mr. Brown was a Uni versa fist, 
and in politics an uncompromising Demo- 
crat. He was appointed Register of Probate 
for Sullivan County by Gov. James A. 
Weston in 1871, serving till the political 
overturn of 1876. He leaves one brother, 
James H. Brown of Hillsborough, and a 
number of nieces and nephews. 

John G. Tallant, long active in agricultural 
life in Merrimack County, and prominent in 
both political parties, died at his home in 
West Concord, July 8. He was a son of the 
late John L. Tallant, an extensive East 
Concord farmer, and was himself long en- 
gaged in farming in that place, breeding fancy 
Jersey cattle as a specialty. He was the first 
Master of Rum ford Grange, and prominent 
for many years in the order. He removed to 
Pembroke" about, twenty-five years ago, and 
was Master of Pembroke Grange and active 
in town affairs. He had served in both 
branches of the legislature, first in the house 
as a Democrat, and later in the senate and 


The Granite Monthly 

again in (he house as a Republican. He was 
also for some j-ears an active member of the 
board of trustee- of the State College. He 
leaves a widow and two daughters. 


Hon. Robert X. Charaberlin of Berlin, 
Chief Justice of the Xew Hampshire Superior 
Court, died on Friday. September 20, in a 
hospital in Boston, whither lie had gone a few 
days previously to undergo a surgical opera- 

Judge Chamberlin was a native of Bangor, 
N. Y., born July 24. 1S56, son of Antoine and 
Electa B. (Sears) Chamberlin. He removed 
with his parents, when quite young, to West 
Stewartstown, X. H._, where he was educated 
in the public schools and at the academies in 
Colebrook and Derby. Vt. He read law in 
the omce'of G. W. Hartshorn in Canaan, Vt., 
was admitted to the Vermont bar in 1881, 
and in that year located in practice at Berlin, 
where he continued till his appointment as an 
Associate Justice of the Superior Court in 
1903. He was prominent and successful 
in his profession and active in politics as a 
Republican, serving as a member of the house 
of representatives in 1889, and again in 1892 
when he was chosen speaker rilling the position 
with marked ability. On the death of Chief 
Justice Bike in January last, Judge Chamberlin 
was named as chief justice. 

November2, 1882, he married Miss Maria H. 
Mason at Berlin. He had one son, Lafayette 
Chamberlin, now a practicing lawyer in 


John Sewall Brown, for thirty-five years 
a member of the faculty of Doane College, 
at Crete, Nebraska, died in that place August 
4, 19.17. 

He was a native of the town of Bridge- 
water in this state, born November 20, 1844, 
prepared for college at Xew Hampton Institu- 
tion and graduated from Bates in 1872. He 
was for a time principal of the Lyndon, Vt., 
Literary and Biblical Institute, but went West, 
on account of health, serving one year as 
superintendent of schools at Avoca, la., before 
he was called to Doane College. 

November 30, 1S7G, he was married to 
Miss Emily A. Davis of Auburn, Me., to 
which union three children were born, Judge 
Ralph Davis Brown, Gertrude and Emily, the 
last of whom died, October 14, 1897. 


Gustavus F. Kimball, born in Orange, X. H., 
May 6. 1836, died at Xorth Topeka, Kan., 
August 21, 1917. 

He gained a college preparatory education, 
studied law and went West, entering upon 
editorial work on the Belleville, 111., Advocate, 
but removed to Kansas in 1SS1, wher^ he 
engaged in printing and publishing, for some 
time editing a genealogical magazine. He was 
interested in historical and philosophic sub- 
jects, and had been president of the Kansas 
Society, Sons of the American Revolution. 
He is survived by a son, Park B. Kimball, of 
Haileyville, Oklahoma, and four daughters. 


While not quite as many towns as usual 
held Old Home celebrations this year, the 
war excitement deterring some from so doing, 
there was a more general observance of "Old 
Home Sunday'' than has heretofore been the 
case, and nearly one hundred subordinate 
Grangers in the state had meetings devoted 
to "Old Home Night" with appropriate 
programmes, in response to the. State Lec- 
turer's request for such recognition. It is 
safe to say, therefore, that there has been on 
the whole, an increase rather than any dim- 
inution of the Old Home spirit in the state 
where the institution had its origin. 

It has been found necessary again to com- 
bine two numbers of the Granite Monthly 
in a single issue of the former size of one, on 

account of the increased cost of production, 
and the negligence of many subscribers in 
the matter of remitting for the present year. 
The next issue will probably be for the 
months of November and December com- 
bined and will appear some time before the 
middle of the latter month. 

A remarkable instance of physical and intel- 
lectual vigor, continued through long life, is 
that presented by Hon. Hosea W. Parker of 
CTaremont, president of the Xew Hampshire 
Universaiist State Convention, who presided 
at the recent annual session of that body in 
Manchester, and was unanimously reelected 
for another term. Xow in his 85th year, he 
is more vigorous and alert than most men 
of sixty. 



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The Granite Monthl\ 

Vol. XLIX, Nos. 11-12 

NOVEMBER- DECEMBER, 1917 New Series, Vol. XII, Nos. 11-12 


By H. H. Metcalf 

On Sunday afternoon, December 2, 
from the Unitarian Church in Con- 
cord, where appropriate service in his 
memory had been held, there was 
borne to its final resting place in 
Blossom Hill cemetery the mortal 
form of one who in life had been a 
power in the state and held high place 
in the councils of the nation. 

The life of William Eaton Chandler 
has been sketched more than once in 
the pages of the Granite Monthly, 
by competent writers, and there is no 
occasion now for the repetition of 
mere biographical data, Nor is this 
the time for any formal analysis of his 
character, his work, or its influence 
upon the life of the state or nation. 
Years hence the impartial historian, 
uninfluenced by any feeling of par- 
tisan friendship or hostility, will 
assign him proper place in the coun- 
try's annals. What this writer 
thought of his methods and conduct 
in partisan political affairs, during 
the quarter of a century and more in 
which Mr. Chandler was a dominat- 
ing power therein, was set forth in 
plain words in the columns of the 
newspapers of which he had editorial 
charge during a large portion of that 
time. In the final analysis, however, 
methods and conduct are justly to be 
considered only in relation to motives 
and results. 

William E. Chandler, throughout 
his active life, was an intense partisan. 
Pie loved the Republican party, in 
whose organization, young though he 
was, he bore an active part, with a 
fervor and intensity only equalled by 
that of his hatred for the Democratic 

party, whose defeat, in his mind, 
seemed an end justifying any available 
means. In that party, in New Hamp- 
shire, and in no small measure in the 
country at large, he was an acknowl- 
edged leader and a controlling force 
for many years. Through his initia- 
tive, in whatever light it may be re- 
garded, the Republican party held 
control of the national administra- 
tion, for the four years following 
March 4, 1877, and more than once— - 
notably in 1891 — its control of the 
New Hampshire state government 
was insured by his "fine Italian hand" 
and master mind in the management 
of its affairs. 

And yet, intense partisan as he was 
■ — standing by his party, right or 
wrong, as against the Democracy — he 
fought valiantly within the party for 
measures which he deemed just, and 
against policies which he regarded as 
improper and hostile to the public 
welfare, and in so doing sacrificed his 
own personal interests and his political 
power and leadership. It cannot be 
denied or doubted, that by his opposi- 
tion to railroad domination in New 
Hampshire, in which his party had 
acquiesced and by which it had long 
profited, against which he inveighed 
with all the force and vigor of his 
ready pen, backed by a keen intellect 
and a facility and force of expression 
seldom equalled, he lost the seat in 
the United States Senate, where he 
had been a marked figure and a po- 
tential force for fourteen years — a 
longer period of service than had then 
been enjoyed by any senator from 
New Hampshire, save only his dis- 


The Granite Monthly 

tinguished father-in-law, John P. 

But it is not in connection with 
partisan affairs, merely or mainly, 
that Mr. Chandler is to be considered 
at this time. Devotedly as he served 
his party, he nevertheless served his 
country and his state and the com- 
munity in which he held residence, 
in numberless directions which can- 
not now be mentioned in detail. 
Notably, it is fair to say, he inaugu- 
rated, while Secretary of the Navy 
in the cabinet of President Arthur, 
the "New Navy" movement, which 
resulted in the building up of an Amer- 
ican naval establishment, which has 
made the United States a power to be 
reckoned with on the seas for many 
years past. In this connection it is 
but fair to remark that, intense Re- 
publican as he was, opposing the Dem- 
ocratic party generally as he always 
did, he did not hesitate to commend 
a Democratic administration, or a 
Democratic official for good work 
done in the country's interest, as, for 
illustration, the tribute which he 
frankly paid the present Secretary of 
the Navy, Josephus Daniels, for his 
splendid work in carrying forward 
the naval programme of the present 
administration; whom he unhesitat- 
ingly pronounced as efficient a public 
servant as ever filled the office, and 
this in face of the fact that the anti- 
administration press was habitually 
engaged in slurring and deprecatory 
comment upon Mr. Daniels and his 
service. And here may well be cited 
the tribute of the latter to his de- 
parted predecessor, upon receiving 
news of his decease, in which he ex- 
pressed his heartfelt gratitude for the 
encouragement and support in his 
work, which he had received from the 

While he hated the Democratic 
party in general, and the Southern 
Democracy in particular, he did not 
carry his animosity into the field of 
personal relationship. His friend- 
ships were not confined to the party 
of which he was a member. On the 

contrary, some of his warmest and 
closest friends were Democrats, as 
most of his bitter enemies were Re- 
publicans, and that he had bitter ene- 
mies is not to be denied; but the man 
who has made no enemies in his life 
has made small mark in the world at 
best. Among all the men, North or 
South, with whom he was associated 
in the Senate, he evinced no stronger 
personal regard for any than for 
Benjamin F. Tillman of South Caro- 
lina, who was the most uncom- 
promising opponent of most of the 
political measures for which he stood 
sponsor or to which he gave his sup- 
port. The two were on terms of the 
closest intimacy, and it was at Mr. 
Chandler's solicitation that Mr. Till- 
man came up into New Hampshire 
some fifteen years ago or more, and 
gave an address at the Grange State 
Fair at Tilton, which is still remem- 
bered with pleasure by many of those 

The interest which he manifested 
in the success of this fair was typical 
of his interest in all movements and 
instrumentalities calculated to ad- 
vance the welfare of the state, to pro- 
mote its honor, or to perpetuate the 
memory of its worthy sons, in some 
of which he was a leading and direct- 
ing spirit, as, for instance, in the or- 
ganization and successful work of the 
Daniel Webster Birthplace Associa- 
tion, through whose agency the birth- 
place of New Hampshire's greatest son 
has been restored, and is to be pre- 
served by the state as a sacred shrine 
for all the generations of the future. 

Even more notable, from the fact 
of the bitter opposition of men of his 
own party, was his successful espousal 
of the movement, long delayed and 
viciously obstructed, for the erection 
of an appropriate memorial to Gen. 
Franklin Pierce, New Hampshire's 
only occupant of the presidential 
chair, for whom he had entertained 
feelings of deep regard, approaching 
love, from his boyhood years, on ac- 
count of kindness shown him by 
General Pierce. 

William E. Chandler 


Whatever may have been his vir- 
tues or his failings in other directions, 
William E. Chandler was a loyal son 
of the old Granite State: and whether 
in the Senate of the United States 
in the Capitol at Washington, in the 
legislature or the Constitutional Con- 
vention of the State, as a citizen of 

the "Stormy Petrel" of American 
politics passed to the infinite realm 
wherein the fondest hopes of human 
hearts are centered, but of which no 
actual knowledge has yet been re- 
vealed to man. 

Man passes away, but his memory 
lives if he has accomplished anything 


A Glimpse of Hon. W. E. Chandler's Summer Home, Waterloo 

Concord where he was born and 
where he held his voting abode, or as 
a resident of Warner, where he main- 
tained a summer home in the quiet 
village of Waterloo, he never failed 
to manifest that loyalty by word and 

His life work is ended — its record is 
closed. Peacefully, quietly, in the 
early morning hour, the tired spirit of 

in life. William E. Chandler is no 
more of earth; but it will be a long 
time before another son of New 
Hampshire commands as wide atten- 
tion, or fills as large a place in the 
public eye as did this virile spirit who 
knew neither peace nor rest, while 
strength remained to contend for 
what he believed to be the right, or 
against what he deemed the wrong. 


By Harry B. Metcalf 

Thanks for life and thanks for light; 

Thanks for home and thanks for hope; 
Thanks for power to see the right; 

Thanks for strength with wrong to cope. 
Thanks for brightness of the day; 

Thanks for God's blest care at night; 
Thanks for roses by the way — 

Thanks for thorns, lest joy should blight. 

208 The Granite Monthly 


By Le Roy Smart 

"I am always thinking, thinking of the days that used to be, 
Where the spring and golden autumn flushed the friendly fields of Lee; 
And as I look back yonder, on them far off plains and skies, 
The sun may be a~shioing, but it's raining 'round my eyes." — Stanton. 


I too ofttimes am thinking of the days of long ago, 

Of the days of happy childhood, and the friends I used to know; 

Again I see the old church spire with tall and stately mien, 

And hand in hand again we walk upon the village green. 

Here idly turning memory's pages come the days of yore, 

And flit/ like ghostly phantoms, thoughts and deeds of youth once more- 

The singing brooks and meadows, broken fences, tumbled walls, 

With sunshine through the branches, and the splashing waterfalls, 

The cave off in the mountains, playing " Huckleberry Finn," 

And Injun huts and wigwams, and the battles we was in. 

And then there were the girls that lived and played about the town, 

Who came to dance and Sunday school from miles and miles around ; 

Susette and Mary, dressed in bombazine and calico, 

With cheeks of pink and hearts of love — the girls I used to know; 

Their faces now are gone and strangers gieet me at the door, 

And gone the trellised vine and bright red rose to bloom no more. 

I see away off yonder, in those days of youthful morn, 

Life's story then beginning, like Aurora's rosy dawn — 

Now at the twilight hour, sweeter dreams I ne'er can know; 

O come you back in fond review, the days of long ago! 


By Lawrence C. Woodman 

Early dawn. — The east in glory wakes! 
Fair is Aurora, luring the god of day — 
A song of a mating lark, her soul at play, 
Choruses through the world until it aches! 
Rosy morn goes whispering through green brakes 
That frame a highway, winding dim, to gray. 
But the sandy mists of the road find new array, — - 
Wrapped in a flame that the spirit of morning makes! 

Young, urged on, I'm off with the calling road! — 

My soul paints pictures of brakes and flowers and walls, 

And trees in bud, and grass, blue hill and vale. — 

But the slopes grow steep: my soul bears ill its load — 

Its mission — I compromise.— But a god recalls 

A Something I dreamed in youth, beyond the pale! . , 



By J. M. Moses 

The pages of Rev. E. C. Cogswell's 
History of North wood will always be 
read with delight. Nothing but grati- 
tude is due him for making this beau- 
tiful memorial, in "moments snatched 
from a busy life," preserving so much 
that would otherwise have been lost. 
He was too much a maker of history 
to have time for very extended re- 
search, which was then much more 
difficult than now. So much escaped 
his pen that I have been led to write 
a supplementary history of the early 
settlers, nearly as large as his. In 
this, as in my article in the lost Feb- 
ruary-March number, I refrain from 
repeating Mr. Cogswell's history, and 
give only new matter. 

Northwood Ridge was properly 
enough cailcd Clark's Hill, as the 
Clarks were the first settlers, and came 
to own most of it. Jonathan was our 
first citizen in civil affairs, somewhat 
as John McClary was in Epsom. He 
kept tavern for man}' years, being 
first authorized in 1777. The town 
meetings were held at his house for 
the years 1779-1786. He was justice 
of the peace, our first representative, 
and always put forward in business 
requiring special intelligence. 

About 180-1 Rev. Eliphalet Merrill 
settled on the corner next his house, 
which was called Federal Corner. 
Here he edited and wrote the preface 
to our first New Hampshire Gazetteer 
in 1817, the materials for which had 
been mostly collected by his brother, 
Phinehas Merrill of Stratham. The 
book is now rare, and of great- his- 
torical interest. 

The land on which the church 
stands, and southward, was first oc- 
cupied by Nathaniel Chandler, who 
came from Epping in 1775, soon re- 
moved to the Mead farm, and about 
1783 to Sanbornton. See Chandler 
Genealogy. He was an active maker 
of history while with us. We find 

him blacksmith, auctioneer, on the 
committee of safety, presiding over 
town meetings, going to war and 
carrying the flag, yet finding time, in 
1781, to build a gristmill at the outlet 
of Harvey pond, where the dam 
raised the water so as to upset the 
log bridges on the Harmony road. 
He had so many irons in the fire that 
he neglected his fences. There is 
sacredly preserved in the town record 
an account of the impounding, ap- 
praisal, etc., of a stray steer by Jona- 
than Clark. It was his neighbor 
Chandler that paid the costs. 

Levi Mead was in town in 1787, 
then "cordwainer/' but ''gentleman," 
by 1789, when he bought the Mead 
farm at the Ridge. He was promi- 
nent in town affairs, and became very 
much of a gentleman, if we are to 
judge by the extent of his landed 
possessions. He owned a great farm 
to the eastward of Blake's hill, in- 
cluding the Haley, latterly Breene, 

Going westward, the Akin farm 
was settled as early as 1774 by Wil- 
liam Prescott, from Epping, later of 
Yershire, Vermont. Fie was a leading 
townsman and business man while 
here. The records speak of his fitting 
out a "boy" for Revolutionary serv- 
ice. He left town in 1789. 

In this vicinity, during the Revo- 
lution, lived Benjamin Wadleigh, 
from Epping, probably later of Can-- 
dia, his wife a sister of General Henry 
Dearborn. Like several others, he 
was a leading man while here, but 
soon gone. 

By the Tucker brook, probably as 
early as 1768, settled Thomas and 
Elizabeth Piper, the son of Thomas 
and Tabitha (Rollins) Piper of Strat- 
ham. They were ancestors of our 
present Piper family, and probably 
the earliest settlers between East 
Northwood and the Narrows. He 


The Granite Monthly 

had a lot of about two hundred acres. 
Town meetings were held at his house 
for the years 1775-1778. He was 
town clerk in 1776 and 1777. 

He had a large family, of whom the 
eldest daughter, Elizabeth, married, 
December 30, 1785, Peter Blaisdell, a 
blacksmith, who came here from 
Kingston, and became more noted for 
industry than piety. In 1799 Blais- 
dell wished to be excused from the 
minister tax. It was agreed to allow 
it if he would attend any kind of 
preaching one third of the time, and 
stop working Sundays. He had been 
too obliging to his wicked neighbors, 
who wished to have their horses shod 

Thomas Piper's eldest son, Thomas, 
Jr., had from his father thirty acres 
off the north end of the farm, now 
the farm, of G. B. Small. He lived 
here a few years, having married 
Mary, daughter of Arthur Bennett. 
They had a son Joseph, who lived at 
the head of Bow Lake in Strafford, 
and was father of Arthur Bennett Piper 
of North wood. 

Thomas Piper, Sr., died in 1791, 
leaving an estate so much indebted 
that all the land had to be sold, in- 
cluding the reversion of the widow's 
third, so that the family became sep- 
arated and disappeared from town. 

Jeremiah Dow of Plampton bought 
the lot east of the town house in 1770, 
and settled on it, but sold January 11, 
1773 to Valentine Keniston, from Lee, 
who held it twenty-two years, prob- 
ably living on the site of the Godfrey 
residence. His wife was Comfort, 
daughter of Samuel Sias of Lee. The 
town records have the birth dates of 
six of their children, the names now 
gone. The dates: June 8, 1759; 
December 24, 1770; June 27, 1772; 
April 25, 1774; December 21, 1775; 
and June 7, 1780. They probably 
had sons, Nathaniel, Jonathan and 

The lot to the south, which now has 
the summer home of Miss Abbie Hill, 
was bought in. 1789 by Dr. Benjamin 
Kelley, who lived there about nine 

years, then removing to Gilmanton. 
A few years later it was bought by 
Daniel Tilton French, who lived here 
many years, rearing a large family. 
He came from Pittsfield, and had 
lived for some years on the Veasey 

The road northeasterly from the 
Centre was first made for Samuel 
Edgerley, who settled on the hill, 
about half a mile from the main road. 
He came from Madbury about 1790, 
and cleared a large farm, on which he 
was taxed for thirty years. 

Harvey pond was at first called 
Long pond. The settlement of this 
region brings us to the consideration 
of an interesting family not mentioned 
in the History, the Dearborn family. 
Henry Dearborn, born in 1712, uncle 
of General Henry, married Margaret, 
sister of the John Sherburne born in 
1723, who was son of a John born in 
1GS8. This last John, according to 
family records, died in Northwood.- 
If so, he was probably one of the two 
men over sixty years old found here 
by the census of 1773, as Henry Dear- 
born undoubtedly was the other. 

Henry Dearborn and John Sher- 
burne, Jr., came from Epping, where 
they were living on one farm in 1762. 
In Northwood they settled close to- 
gether, perhaps in the same house, 
near the southwest shore of Harvey 
pond. A road was laid out for them 
March 10, 1774, of which the record 
is interesting: ''Whereas there was a 
way wanting from Henry Dearborn's 
to Reuben Morgan's, we, the sub- 
scribers, have laid out a highway two 
rods wide beginning at the east side 
of Samuel Dearborn's land near Long 
pond, running north-westerly, as the 
way now goes, to John Sherburne's 
land, then running south-west to the 
waj r that goes from Sherburne Blake's 
to the range near said Morgan's 
house." This road went up Poor 
Farm Hill, and then followed the 
present roads to the Gulf road. 

Henry Dearborn's eldest son was 
Samuel, born in 1738, who was a 
speculator in up-country lands. He 

Early Settlers of North wood 


was "of Northwood" January 15, 
1773, back in Epping the next July, 
where had wife Mary, and a daughter 
Hannah born; was of Epping " gen- 
tleman " in 1778; is said to have set- 
tled finally in Goshen, Vermont. He 
had bought the lands north and south 
of the west end of Harvey pond before 
April 1, 1772, and then sold Nicholas 
Blake of Epping the present Yeasey 
farm, including the Academy lot, and 
to John Harvey the sixty acres next 

Nicholas Blake was in Vershire, 
Vermont, in 1790, a place to which 
several other Northwood families 
went about this time. His farm, after 
several sales, was bought in 1809 by 
Jonathan Piper, who kept hotel there 
for many years. 

Samuel Dearborn sold the land 
south of the pond to his brothers, 
Sherburne and Nathaniel, and to his 
cousin, Levi Dearborn, who was a 
brother of General Henry. Levi lived 
at the top of Poor Farm lull. He was 
town clerk 1779-1783, and served on 
many committees. He left town 
about 1784, and settled in Monmouth, 
Maine, which, like Vershire, Vermont, 
received many other Northwood set- 
tlers. See History of Monmouth. 

Levi's farm, with the other Dear- 
born and Sherburne lands by the 
pond, was bought about 1890 by Col. 
Valentine Mathes of Lee, who lived 
there about thirty years. In 1852 the 
farm was taken for a town poor farm. 

Sherburne Dearborn, born Septem- 
ber 2, 1744, married in Kensington, 
October 41, 17G8, Mary Kenision. 
Births of nine of his children, 1770- 
1787, are recorded in Northwood, 
namely, Samuel, Sarah, Benjamin, 
Sherburne, Edward, Mary, Margaret, 
Henry and Joseph. He removed to 
Gilmanton about 1789. 

Nathaniel Dearborn, born 1756, 
married June 16, 1779, Betty Hill. 
They lived for a few years on the 
Harmony road; perhaps went to 
Vershire, Vermont, as Betty is said to 
have died there. 

Henry Dearborn had a\so four 

daughters: Jane, who married Tim- 
othy Osgood of Raymond, and was 
mother of Mrs, Michael Brown; 
Margaret, who married Jeremiah 
Haines of Epsom; Mary, who married 
William Prescott; and Love, who 
died unmarried in Epsom. 

John Sherburne, Jr., and son Sam- 
uel soon removed to the Knowles dis- 
trict, where Samuel became a leading 
townsman. He was chosen selectman 
almost as soon as he was of age, and 
held the office four years. Later he 
was a great business man, and colonel 
in the militia, He died April 21, 1827. 
The Sherburne and Dearborn lands 
by the pond are now completely cov- 
ered with forest, and few know that 
two of our best families pioneered 

Blake's hill was settled by the 
brothers Asahel, Jonathan and Sher- 
burne Blake, and their brother-in-law, 
Jacob Swain, who came in 1779 and 
took the place of Reuben Morgan, 
deceased. Asahel had the Piper, now 
Towle, farm. He was chosen to office 
at the first town meeting. He sold in 
1788 to Jonathan Foss of Nottingham 
(son of Thomas), and removed to 
Monmouth. Sherburne Blake bought 
in 1768 land that included the May- 
hew Knowlton, now Spencer, farm. 
He was chosen to office in 1774, and 
almost constantly for many years- 
after. His wife, Dorothy (Harvey), 
died June 5, 1829, aged 79. He lived 
at Blake's hill till about 1805, then 
for fifteen years at the Centre, after 
which he returned to Epping, where 
he died March 2, 1822, leaving no 

Jacob Swain was son of William 
(5), (John 4, William 3, William 2, 
Richard 1) of Hampton Falls. He 
became quite prosperous, and built 
the line old colonial house, that is 
still in the family. He had no chil- 
dren, but brought up two, Samuel 
and Judith, children of his brother 
Reuben, who had come to town and 
settled on the Harmony road, but was 
drowned in Harvey pond July 28, 
1780 (from which accident the pond 


The Granite Monthly 

was sometimes called Swain's pond). 
Jacob bequeathed his homestead to 
his nephew William Swain, son of his 
half-brother, Phineas, who was also 
father of Jonathan Blake Swain. 

The Hill farm, which has been in 
the family since April 24, 1705, was 
first improved by Phineas Blake (son 
of Jedediah, and cousin of the other 
Blakes), who was there in 1776, and 
for some ten years after. His wife, 
Ruth, was a sister of General' Henry 
Dearborn, and they followed him to 
Monmouth. David Rollins, from 
Epping, had the farm 1778-1795, after 
which he lived at the Centre. 

On the Deerfield road, about a 
mile from Deerfield line, settled 
Ephraim Small, who came from Can- 
terbury about 1793. He died there 
November 28, 1841. He and wife 
Mary (Burleigh) left a family of five 
sons, William, Samuel, Moses, Josiah 
and John, and two daughters, Nancy, 
who married John Shute, and Lydia, 
who married William Watson of Not- 
tingham. This John Shute was son 
of Joseph and Sally (Mead) Shute, 
who settled on this road as early as 
17cS5. Joseph died in 1805 or 1806. 

The Blake's hill district became 
w r ell settled and prosperous. It will 
surprise some to learn that it had 
thirty-five men in 1825. The part 
called Griffintown was so named in 
the records as early as 1794, when the 
Gulf road was laid out. Its beauty 
of location, east of Pleasant pond, 
early attracted settlers, but it was 
unfortunate in the difficulty of giving 
it road connection with the rest of the 
town. For many years the inhabi- 
tants practically belonged to Deer- 
field. The Gulf road, after k was 
built, was so difficult to maintain that 
it took all the taxes of the region to 
keep it in repair. 

Theophilus and John Griffin, from 
Deerfield, bought east of the pond in 
1771 and 1772, and were probably 
soon located there. John's house 
was mentioned in 1781. Theophilus 
Was "of Northwood'' in 1784. He 
probably died about 1807, leaving 

sons: John who married September 
17, 1802, Patience Knight, both liv- 
ing in 1858, and Dominicus (whose 
mother, by his death record was 
named Eunice), who lived for a time 
in the bottom of the Gulf. He died 
in 1862, aged 78, leaving sons, Hiram, 
Theophilus and Eben. 

John Griffin married Martha, 
daughter of Thomas Rand of Rand's 
Corner. Their children that lived to 
maturity were: Job, Theophilus, Ed- 
mund, Ruth, Pollv, Thomas and John, 
Third. Of these, Theophilus left a 
son Hiram; Edmund lived in Chi- 
chester; Polly married Jonathan Ed- 
munds, and lived in Griffintown; 
John, Third, married Mary McDan- 
iels, lived in Griffintown, and had 
children: Josiah, Thomas, George, 
Jacob, Mary, Eliza, and others that 
died young. 

Jonathan Folsom, soon after of 
Gilmanton, was in 1773 living near 
the northeast corner of Pleasant pond. 
In 1777 he sold his farm here to Wil- 
liam Willey, who was probably a 
relative" of Folsom 's wife. Willey 
held the land forty years, and raised 
a large family, some of whose names 
probably were John Third, Isaac, 
Jonathan and Lydia. 

Nathan Bartlett was an early set- 
tler east of the pond near Deerfield 
fine. Charles Fernald succeeded him 
about 1791, and lived there many 

The Knowles district is so well 
treated in the History that little needs 
to be added. Benjamin Hill arrived in 
1771; his brother Robert probably 
as soon; Zebulon Norris by 1773; 
David Knowles by 1774. Norris had 
what was lately the Hayes, now 
Drake, farm. lie removed to Lou- 
don in 1781, succeeded here by Paul 
Wiggin, who removed to Lee soon 
after 1790. Robert Hill, after the 
death of Benjamin, sold to Samuel 
Sherburne, and removed to Notting- 
ham. Simeon Knowles was here in 
1777, Thomas Bennett, in 1783, Eb- 
enezer, by 17S5, Arthur, soon after. 
John Elliott, son of Jonathan of Ep- 

Early Settlers of Xorthwood 


ping, had the John Bennett, now 
Carlisle, farm 1791-1811; then sold 
to the Bennetts and removed to 
Corinna, Maine. 

Samuel Durgin, of Durgin's hill, 
came from Lee soon after 1790. He 
was son of Jonathan and Judith 
(Edgerley) Durgin. lie died in 1814 
or 1815, his widow, Mary, July 27, 
1836. He had sons: Nathaniel, who 
had the homestead, Samuel, of Rox- 
bury, Maine, John, and, I suppose, 
Jonathan, Joseph and Jeremiah. 

The Narrows village is on land set- 
tled by Bairtletts, Bickfords, John- 
sons and Hoyts. The line between 
Samuel Bartlett, on the west, and 
Solomon Bickford crosses the brook 
back of the church; that between 
Bickford' and Moses Johnson passes 
tlirough to old cemetery; that be- 
tween Moses and Samuel Johnson 
passes through Sunnyside park. John 
Bickford lived south of his brother 
Solomon, near the Turnpike, his farm 
next west of the Tasker farm. He 
left town about 1800. Josiah Pres- 
cott had the place 1805-1822. Next 
west, Joshua Hoyt had a great farm, 
extending to Suncook pond, and as 
far north as Cemetery street. 

Moses Johnson, brother of Samuel, 
was born April 13, 1746, and died 
April 8, 1821, a widow surviving him. 
He had wife Mary in 1794 and 1799. 
He owned many tracts of land, all of 
which he sold before his death, the 
last, the homestead, to his son Joseph, 
who had been of Sanbornton. Joseph 
married Nabby Doe, both of North- 
wood, August 28, 1796. October 8, 
1821, Joseph and Nabby deeded the 
homestead to Jonathan Tasker of 

The town records give birth dates of 
three children of Moses Johnson, the 
names gone: December 23, 1770, 
October 16, 1772 and September 8, 
1774. They were probably Elisha, 
Joseph and Samuel, and there was 
probably a younger son, John. 
Elisha married January 29, 1792, 
Ruth Elkins, daughter of Jeremiah 
and Keziah (Tuttle) Elkins, and 

granddaughter of Daniel Elkins of 
Nottingham. He died, leaving chil- 
dren, Moses, Jeremiah, Warren, 
Mahala, and Hiram, and Ruth mar- 
ried, second, in 1S11, John Bartlett. 
Samuel Johnson, son of Moses, lived 
on the border of Epsom and Deer- 
field. Gravestones in the old Epsom 
cemetery have inscriptions stating that 
Deacon Samuel Johnson died Sep- 
tember 6, 1S45, aged 71, and his wife, 
Catherine, Februaiy 8, 1859, aged 91. 
Betsey Johnson, daughter of Moses, 
married September 15, 1800, Elias 
Gove of Nottingham. 

Samuel Dow, who settled between 
the Narrows and Blake's hill, was son 
of Benaiah of Epping, who was son 
of Philip (4) (Joseph 3, Joseph 2, 
Henry 1. of Hampton). Phineas Dow 
was son of Winthrop, who was a 
brother of Samuel. Phineas settled 
on the Turnpike soon after 1800, 
where he died April 14, 1845, and was 
succeeded by his son Eben. 

Up near Epsom line settled, about 
1795, the brothers Joseph and Stephen 
Emerson, sons of Macah, of Lee. 
Joseph removed to Barnstead about 
1809, leaving his farm to his son 
Charles. Stephen lived last on the 
Edmunds farm. He sold in 1815, and 
removed to Livermore, Maine. His 
wife was Eunice Watson, and they 
had a son, Jonathan Watson Emer- 

James Stevens James, from Mad- 
bury, bought a part of the present 
James farm in 1779. In 1785 he had 
James Dearborn as an adjoining 
resident owner, I suppose on Richard- 
son's hill, where John Rundlett of 
Deerfield bought in 1805, and was 
later succeeded by his son-in-law, 
Edward Richardson. 

The Jenness pond region was early 
settled by related families from Sal- 
isbury, Mass., and vicinity. Some of 
them lived for a time in Hampton and 
Epping. The roots of their family 
history may be found in Hoyt's Old 
Families of Salisbury and Amesbury. 
The first settlers were probably Na- 
thaniel Morrill and his wife Elizabeth, 


The Granite Monthly 

who were here in 1767. on the Emer- 
son farm. The}* united with the 
Epsom church November 27 of that 
year, bringing letters from South 
Hampton. Caleb Clough, whose land 
adjoined theirs on the east, may have 
come as soon. He was here in 1774. 

East of Clough, on land bordering 
on Strafford line, settled Morris Lam- 
prey (1737-1815), from North Hamp- 
ton. He had bought in 1769; sold in 
1782 to Gap*. Samuel Buzzell of Bar- 
rington; after which he was in Epsom. 
This farm was then occupied for about 
fifty years by William Buzzell, who 
had a large family. It is now the 
summer residence of Dr. J. F. Merrill. 

Samuel and Reuben Brown were 
on the Brown farm before 1790. They 
had a-' brother Benjamin, who lived 
in Pittsfield, Northwood and Deer- 
field. Reuben's daughter Deborah 
married Jonathan Watson (1793- 
1856), of Nottingham. The Browns 
and Watsons were long residents 
about the eastern end of the pond. 

Nathaniel Morrill had sons: Na- 
thaniel, Jr. (1746-1829), who had the 
homestead, and bequeathed it to his 
Emerson descendants; Hibbard, who 
was here 1790-1802 at the west of his 
father, on a farm that was occupied 
successively by Samuel Lawrence, 
Ballard Pinkham and James C. Locke; 
and Timothy, who lived in Barnstead. 
In 1790 Hibbard removed to Ver- 
mont. There is a little book in our 
State Library that gives an account 
of his descendants. 

Caleb Clough was born about 1742; 
died in Northwood July 7, 1817. He 
came from Newbury to Hampton; 
was in the last French war in Captain 
Marston's company, going to Quebec, 
where he served from the spring of 
1759 until late in the following au- 
tumn. He married Elizabeth Cooper, 
March 10, 1761. He and wife Eliza- 
beth deeded in Northwood in 1786. 
She died in 1831. They lived on the 
west corner of the road to Strafford. 

Their children, that lived to ma- 
turity, were: sons, Josiah, William 
and Benjamin, and daughters, Rhoda, 

Sarah, Elizabeth, Judith and Mary. 
.Josiah lived mostly in Pittsfield: had 
children: Lowell, Nancy, Caleb, 
Rhoda and Miriam. Benjamin was 
for many years a school teacher; left 
no children. William (1764-1845) 
married Sarah, daughter of Richard 
Swain of Barrington. They lived on 
a farm in Pittsfield, near Jenness 
pond, where the buildings were burned 
in 1900, and had children: Richard, 
Eliza, William, Joseph, Micajah, 
Judith, Daniel, Benjamin A. and 
Sarah P. 

On the Pittsfield side of the pond 
lived also a Watson family, very much 
connected with Northwood. William 
Watson (1756-1827) came from 
Dover. He married August 17, 1779, 
Sarah Buzzell (1759-1855) . They set- 
tled on the farm now owned by George 
B. Johnson. Their children (1780- 
1800) were: Stephen (1780-1855), 
Daniel, Hannah, William, Andrew,. 
Betsey, Sarah, John, David, Solomon, 
and Mehetabel. This Stephen lived 
by the shore of the pond, where he had 
the farm for many years occupied by 
his grandson, Plumer Watson. His 
children were: David, who went to 
Waterville, Maine; Lydia, who mar- 
ried James Bickforcl of Northwood; 
Mehetabel, who married Daniel 
Clough; William, who married Maria 
Jane Davis, and lived in Northwood; 
and John Buzzell Watson, who married 
Fanny Blake and was father of Plumer 

Other pioneers on the Pittsfield side 
were Jabez Tucker, by 1772, on the 
James, now Stimmells, farm, and 
Jonathan Fogg, who lived to the west 
of the schoolhouse. His sons, Simeon 
and Jeremiah, settled on Fogg's hill 
in Northwood about one hundred 
years ago, giving it their name. 

Northwood furnished more than 
her share of Revolutionary soldiers, 
as is proved by the following entry in 
the town records, in the annual state- 
ment of March, 1793: " Received on 
account of hiring soldiers in the late 
war more than was our proportion, 
16 pounds, 12 shillings, 7 k pence." 

Early Settlers of Northwood 


This is greatly to our credit, consid- 
ering how smalt and poor the town 
then was. 

The following seventy-two men, 
and probably others, went into the 
-war from or for Northwood. The 

first two were minute men, perhaps 
not otherwise in sen-ice. The last 
eight may not have lived in North- 
wood; but we have no tax lists or 
other lists of people preserved for 
nine years after the Association Test: 

William Blake 

Eliphalet Taylor 
Abraham Batehelder 
Simon Batehelder 
John Riekford 
John Blake 
Nicholas Blake 
Phineas Blake 
Henry Butler 
Solomon Buzzell 
Joseph Caswell * 
John Chandler 
Nathaniel Chandler 
Caleb Clough 
Nathaniel Dearborn 
Sherburne Dearborn 
Joseph Demeritt 
Benjamin Dow 
Ebenezer Durgin 
Joseph Durgin 
Philip Fowler 
William Glidden 
James Godfrey 
Solomon Giles 

Joseph Grant 
John Harvey 
Benjamin Hill 
Nicholas D. Hill 
Robert Hill 
Daniel Hoitt 
Stephen Hoitt 
Richard Hoitt 
Benjamin Johnson 
John Johnson 
Samuel Johnson 
Valentine Keniston 
John Knight 
David Knowles 
Simeon Knowles 
Ebenezer Knowlton 
Reuben Morgan 
Hibbard Morrill 
Nathaniel Morrill 
John Murray 
David IS. orris 
James N orris 
Moses Norris 
Zebulon Norris 

William Prescott 
Stephen Rollins 
Benjamin Sanborn 
Jonathan Sanborn 
Samuel Sherburne 
Joseph Stevenson 
Phineas Swain 
Samuel Trickey 
Nathaniel Twombly 
Elijah Wadleigh 
Simon D. Wadleigh 
William Wallace 
William Watson 
Andrew Willev 
Charles Willey 
John Willey 
Andrew Adams 
Charles Cook 
Jacob Davis 
Thomas Fernald 
James Murray 
Simon Taylor 
(Levi Hutchinson?) 
(Joseph Libby?) 


By Martha S. Baker 

There's a land to my heart ever dear, 
Sound her name but to ring out a cheer, 
'Tis the land of the free and the brave, 
Where the Stars and the Stripes proudly wave. 

On her altars of freedom and right, 
Are the fires of devotion kept bright; 
In her temples the incense of praise 
To the God of our fathers we raise. 

Loyal guard we her gates — they are wide — 
Guard our home for which patriots died; 
We, their children, will cherish, defend, 
For our home even life we will spend. 

May no traitor's base act e'er betray, 
Nor an alien dishonor, we pray, 
This fair land we so fondly call home, 
This the dearest 'neath heaven's high dome. 

216 The Granite Monthly 

We're allied with all nations who fight 
For a world free from tyranny's might, 
Where the strong help the weak loads to bear 
Each his good with his brother doth share. 

Sons and daughters shall kneel at her shrine, 
And the Stars in "Old Glory" still shine, 
Like a torch to illume and to guide, 
Till democracy's road is world-wide. 



Sometime ; when this life's cares are o'er and ended. 

When earthly troubles vex our souls no more, 
When with Eternity Time's years are blended, 

And we are gathered on the farther shore — 
Then we shall know! 

Then we shall know the now unraveled reason 

For all the changing fortunes of this life, 
For hours of light, and dark days in their season, 

For scenes of pleasure and of care and strife — 
Yes, we shall know! 

Sometime, when all Life's riddles have been solved, 
The tangled threads of Fate all straightened out, 

Wnen clouds have passed, the dark'ning mists dissolved, 
And Faith, serene, stands in the place of doubt — 
Then we shall know! 

Yes, we shall know why friends, we deemed unfailing, 

Forsook us when the hour of trial came, 
When Faith was weak, and prayer was unavailing, 

And vain seemed every earthly hope and aim — 
Yes, we shall know! 

Yes, we shall know why all the heartache and the sorrow 
Which burdens this poor mortal life today, 

Is needed, that the coming fair tomorrow, 
May bear us onward in the better way — 
Yes, we shall know! 

Sometime, when we have passed from scenes terrestrial, 
To all earth's joys and heartaches said "goodbye," 

When we have reached the higher realms celestial, 
Then we shall know the wherefore and the why — 
Yes, then we'll know! 



By B. B. P. Greene 

The Piscataqua River flows between 
Kittery, Maine and Portsmouth, New 
Hampshire. In the early days all the 
land round about was given to a com- 
pany through the King's Council. 
This tract was called the Laconia 
Grant. Later this land came into 
the possession of two " promoters" 
who were members of the company, — 
Sir Ferdinand o Gorges, and Capi. 
John Mason. The last named took 
for his share the west side of the 
Piscataqua River and established his 
plantation at Odiorne's Point, which 
was in the original limits of Ports- 
mouth. The baronial estate which 
he planned, was to be called "My 
Country of New Hampshire" or 
" Manor of Mason's Hall. " His stew- 
ards and agents were of one mind with 
him in this business venture. Serv- 
ants to labor, and everything to 
labor with, were sent from England to 
establish a "fishery"; which neces- 
sitated the erection of salt works. 
Sawmills were also built, and fur 
trading with the Indians was to be 
carried on, while the earth was to 
yield an abundant harvest, with 
especial reference to the cultivation 
of the vine. 

But Captain Mason died in 1635 
v/ithout ever having seen his domin- 
ion (although his descendants came 
to this country, and in 16-10 sold the 
title to this New Hampshire land). 
Captain Mason's - death naturally 
halted operations somewhat until 
some sort of settlement, for his widow 
in England evidently had not un- 
bounded faith in this project, and 
lacked confidence in its financial 
returns. For that reason she neg- 
lected to send funds or furnish sup- 

Many left the settlement for other 
places, but the agents and stewards 
who had managed thus far, worked on 
the problem left for them 'to solve, 

and for their services divided the 
houses and goods and then proceeded 
to business. Those who had chosen 
to remain and continue what had 
been begun, had, by 1640, formed a 
government among themselves. They 
were men of "good repute and some 
account for religion." But their 
church was the Church of England 
and the Massachusetts Puritans, hav- 
ing eliminated the pomp and cere- 
mony of that church in their simpler 
form of worship, disliked such a 
settlement and the}' felt suspicious of 
the influence these men might have 
with the king, lest he should impose 
the old form of the Established 
Church upon them. 

From what has been handed down 
of the remarks and written words of 
our Piscataqua pioneers it seems they 
must have used a lot of picturesque 
language towards the "Bay" people; 
but I suppose we get the heated 
words of the rank and file, while the 
expressions of the Bay folks are con- 
fined to those in authority, who used 
more discretion in expressing them- 

John Winthrop, who was governor 
of the Massachusetts Bay Colony, 
seemed to feel devoutly thankful 
when Captain Mason died. He 
seemed to think it was a just retribu- 
tion on this Episcopal settlement; for 
in a letter, writing of Captain Ma- 
son's death, he said: "But the Lord in 
mercy taking him away all the busi- 
ness fell on sleep." The governor 
seemed to hold a very poor opinion of 
them as individuals and as a whole. 
In speaking of another member he 
said "He lives wickedly," and to 
return the compliment the governor 
was called "a rogue and a knave"; 
relieving his pent feelings more fully 
he volunteered the information that 
"they all were at the Bay." 

One of these energetic and rather 


The Granite Monthly 

humorous men being in England on 
business, or pleasure, in 1632, said of 
the "Bay" men, "They would be a 
peeular people to God but they all 
goe to the Devil." He also in exas- 
peration added, "They are a people 
not worthy to live on God's earth. " • 

Governor Winthrop had remarked 
that "some of them are professed 
enemies to the way of our churches." 
And these professed enemies of the 
Winthrop colony answered: "That 
fellows that keep hoggs there all the 
week preach there on the Sabbath," 
and " They count all men out of their 
church as in a state of damnation. " 

Naturally at this place there bred 
an animosity toward the strong Bay 
Colon} 7 , for it held a government over 
them that they felt should not be. 
It would seem that neither said or 
did much — one to the other — that the 
other would have had said, or done, 
unto them. 

So leaving our first settlers in the 
safe harbor of Portsmouth, we take 
our way from the rocky shores of the 
Piscataqua, out where ocean waves 
pound and a surge of waters troubles 
all the way to a "Bound Rock" at 
the mouth of Hampton River, with 
its date "A. D. 1657." And back 
here on their land boundary they 
erected in 1634 a "Bound House" at 
Winneconett (Hampton). Between 
this boundary and Portsmouth the 
length of our coast is less than a score 
of miles, with homes on beach and 
cliff so near to one another that in no 
place a call could not be heard from 
home to home. 

Most of the beaches are gently 
shelving all along the shore. In their 
long slope toward the deep lurks no 
undertow, and on the firm and glisten- 
ing sands there is scarcely a shell or 
stone to mar these perfect bathing 
places. Long curving strips of beaten 
silver, where you look across their 
shining crescents stand mammoth 
rocks on guard, while the surf pounds 
its foam -lashed waters against their 
wave-worn battlements. Again you 
find boulders strewn along the way; 

round and smooth with the wear of 
waters. Between them tangled weed 
and shell, with the ruffled streamers 
of the sea -kale, that move in the rest- 
less pools like some slow crawling 

Some of the wave-washed sand on 
beach and dune has been protected 
by a breakwater, as part of this low- 
lying shore is owned by the United 
States Government, and in time 
all along the way Old Neptune, in his 
angry moods, will expend in useless 
stormings, his strife to gain more of a 
stronghold that will be stubbornly 
defended against the ocean's warfare 
which has often broken through the 
dunes in its rampage, leaving furrows 
plowed by these battling waves, and 
a shore strewn with stone, weed and 
shell; gifts flung ungraciously, and as 
thanklessly received. 

The man-made defences that have 
taken the place of sandy dune Will 
neither advance nor retreat, there to 
hold their own as allies of the dune 
and rock, standing fortifications that 
have done their part for long ages. 
Many of the dunes were builded by 
perhaps, a small piece of timber cast 
upon the shore from the drift of 
wreckage, after the taking of old 
ocean's toll; around it gathered bits of 
seaweed, shell and stone, to give the 
grains of sand a resting place, with 
every wind and tide to help along in 
the building of these tiny mountains 
by the sea. 

The bayberry and wire beach grass 
root grow on their umber gray; they 
help to hold with tough and clinging 
strength, these shifting wind blown 

Of whirling sands that drifting, grow 
To build a dune of their decree; 

With rugged batteries of stone 

They make defence against the sea. 

Along our shore the graceful flood 
gull wings its way or settles down to 
rest upon the wave, while all along 
the beach sandpipers mince along 
with rocking steps to pick the dainty 
bits they see along their way. In the 
sand are excavations where you find 

Along. Our Shore 


the plover has laid her eggs: four, of 
creamy color, and speckled over with 
little dots of brown. This piping 
plover and family stay the winter 
months along a southern shore, leav- 
ing their summer home early in Octo- 
ber, to return in the spring. 

Where the crow has builded its nest 
and raised its young there it will re- 
turn, for that is home. Those from 
our inland hills when the cold becomes 
too severe, flock to the warmer coast of 
their native state, and feast upon the 
translucent berry of the bay, spending 
their time beside this winter sea. 

In a walk not many years ago, as 
age reckons the years, places were 
found along the beach where long 
stretches of shining sands were with- 
out sign of habitation to detract from 
the view of distant beach, which 
merged into the seascape, as the 
lapping water on the sand blended 
into the sand itself. 

When the shimmering haze of fall 
hung over the sea and earth, you felt 
to dream away such a day by the 
ocean, with no other sound to break 
the throbbing stillness. You saw the 
limitless sea with the distant Isles of 
Shoals upon it resting; beyond whose 
smoky blue ships sailed into the 
unknown from out the range of vision. 
Or, standing on the Great Boar's 
Head, was a wide sweep from Cape 
Ann to Portsmouth, with River- 
Mouth Rocks showing their wicked 
heads when the tide was low, or 
angry waters tumbling there when at 
its flood, while western wind across 
the marshes brought the odor of the 
sweet-gale, purpling in the salt grass 
where it grew. 

And these same marshes were prob- 
ably one reason, and an important 
one, in the settlement of Winneconett 
in 1638 — a thousand acres of waving 
gravss in these salt meadows which 
were as level as a prairie. In 1639 a 
request was made by the Rev. Stephen 
Bachilor that " Winnacunnet shal 
bee called Hampton." Which was 
one of the four original towns of New 

Man}' of the first settlers were 
farmers, but fishing was not neglected, 
for in 1650 Sargent's Island was 
appropriated for the use of fishermen 
to build stages for the curing of fish. 
Ships were built and sailed from 
Hampton; big ships, little ships, 
sloops, whaleboats and dories; one 
little sloop, built in 1705, in which 
civic pride was such that this note of 
her has been recorded: She sailed 
from Hampton to Boston every 
week, arriving at her landing place on 
every Saturday night for six weeks in 
succession: making the round trip 
each week. Sixteen tons and no 
guns, navigated by two men. Her 
clearance papers stated that, "She 
hath loaden and taken on pine boards 
and staves." In an old United States 
Government Report of 1836, it says 
of Hampton's whaleboats, " They will 
beat up Boston Bay in a norwester 
when a ship cannot.'' 

The old boats have gone, and many 
of the old homes. Time has changed 
the old town's boundaries, but other 
towns, other boats, and other homes 
have more than filled their places. 

Rye Beach claims about one-third 
of the coast line; included within its 
limits are the beaches of Waliis 
Sands, and Foss Beach, their old 
name being Sandy Beach. 

The first settlement on this shore 
was at Odiorne's Point about 1623. 
But the town was incorporated April 
30, 1726, and was taken from Ports- 
mouth, Greenland, Hampton and the 
largest part from New r Castle. It is 
one of the most delightful summer 
resorts on the ..New England coast, 
having about six miles of water front. 
The summer tides and summer suns 
have worn a groove of modern change 
along this shore of homes, and the 
days are not spent as were the summer 
days of old. 

Some of the first settlers at Odiorne's 
Point discovered "The great harbor 
of the Piscataqua" by chasing a 
goose round Great Island. This 
island is now called New Castle and 
not so long ago you could rest in the 


The Granite Monthb 

embrasures of the old fort and hear 
the bell-buoy toll its warning out 
across the deep, swung and rung by 
waves that surged along the shore 
and broke against the foundations 
of old Fort Constitution. Its granite 
mass still stands, but modern defences 
have been erected on the island, with 
men to guard and protect the entrance 
to New Hampshire's only harbor. 

Until the snows of winter cover, 
wild flowers bloom all through tiie 
tangled wood of the island, from the 
first violet in the spring until Octo- 
ber's gift of color, flaming in the 
woodbine over your head, and in the 
goldenrod and aster all along the way; 
while in some damp spot under your 
feet, you may find Mr. Jack-in-the- 
pulpit. Not many of his family 
seemed to be about. If the Indians 
on Great Island hungered for their 
.favorite dish they must have had to 
go to the mainland to dig its root, for 
not much of the island seems suited 
to its growth. By sampling a bit of 
the root you will understand why 
the Indian boiled the "bite" out 
before introducing it into his system. 
It is a tender plant, as graceful as any 
of the orchid family, unless it be the 
tropical air plant variety. It is in 
the spring time when Jack stands in 
his pulpit with the sounding board 
above, while underneath the "Indian's 
turnip root will in another spring send 
forth to the world again more of his 

Among the rocks in the pasture 
stood the mullen, stately and tall, 
with its soft velvet green and spiked 
yellow bloom. To gather the leaves 
for winter's use was the duty of every 
good housewife; for mullen, wet with 
vinegar and bound about some human 
neck with red flannel, was surely the 
"major cure" for sore throat. If a 
disciple, of "mind over matter" wished 
to illustrate his theories such a patient 
would be a living, burning example, 
if cured, and they could be persuaded 
that the mullen was only the means 
to an end. 

The deep pink of thoroughwort 

stood as pertly at your feet, as in the 
days when Indian medicine men used 
it as a spring tonic. Joe Pye, t he- 
Indian herb doctor of Pilgrim days, 
claimed to cure typhus fever with its 
brew; and the anguished shaking of 
the bones in an ague patient were 
supposed to cease their chilling rattle, 
and rest, after imbibing freely of this 
bitter drink. The name "boneset" 
is said to have been thus acquired. 
And Joe made his name immortal in 
the use of the " Joe Pye weed " as it is 
also called. 

Beside the roads that rose and 
dipped, winding, crooked and rock 
filled, stood old homes. Some faced 
the sea, and some the rutted roadway; 
roofs, moss-grown and of ancient 
architecture. Tiny and time glazed 
were the windowpanes where you 
seemed to see worn patient faces be- 
hind them, watching, waiting for 
return of husband or son — when 
waves pounded on the shore or fogs 
came in and shut the land from the 
sea; and some, you felt, would watch 
and wait until the sea gave up its 

These quaint houses of the -past 
were beautiful. Only Time, with 
his pigments and patient brush, could 
have given them the softness here 
pictured, with the huge square chim- 
neys of age-stained brick, against the 
silver of the deep, with the ocean 
view itself, and all the beauty that 
lay spread about — rugged shore, and 
old brown boats, rocking on the tide, 
with sailing ships outward bound 
from that harbor, where in 1699 the 
Earl of Bellemont wrote the Lords of 
Trade of this Piscataqua: "It is a 
most noble harbor, the bigest ships 
the king hath can lie against the bank 
at Portsmouth." 

This island was the most fashion- 
able part of Portsmouth until 1693. 
In the records of New Castle, which 
were supposed to have been lost, but 
were returned from England some 
years ago, it was found that on the 
30th day of May, 1693, in the fifth 
year of the reign of William' and Mary, 

Along Our Shore 


the town was granted a charter, and 
Great Island became New Castle, 
with Little Harbor and a part of Kye. 
That same year they built a church; 
for the people of the Island had been 
attending worship at the South 
Church in Portsmouth (built in 1638) 
and many times they were in peril 
of their lives by angry seas in the 

In 1706 New Castle built a new and 
finer place of worship than even 
Portsmouth had. A clear toned bell 
was brought from England, an altar 
piece, and a silver communion service, 
with a "splendid silver cup"; the 
cup being given by the sister of Sir 
William PepperelL 

At "New Castle the governor and 
many notable men had their homes. 
Standing here was Fort William and 
Mary (later Fort Constitution), where 
we suppose was observed His Majes- 
ty's Birthday, with the firing of 
cannon round the ramparts of the 
fort; and bumpers to the health of 
king, queen and princes, with as many 
toasts to other highnesses, as would 
in the end make a gentleman only 
decently drunk; for at night there 
must have been a ball at the govern- 
or's mansion, where, gorgeously be- 
dight in clothes of rich and varied 
colors, satin and gold lace, with 
peruke, powder and patch, they 
danced the minuet in stately grace, 
the contra-dance, or the latest dances 
introduced from France 1 — the gayest 
town of any round about. 

And, later, when Colonel Wallbach 
was in command at the fort, it w r as a 
social center for fashionable folks, 
with morning and evening parades 
and music by the band, which it is 
said contained every known instru- 
ment of martial music. There in 
imagination we can picture the belle 
and beau of that olden time strolling 
on the shore, or ascending the bluff — 
where, spread before them, lay Ports- 
mouth and the sea. 

At the time of which I write, you 
could wander at will along through 
the fort and on the rise where stands 

old Wallbach Tower, whose interior 
was cluttered with crumbling brick 
and broken stone. Around, the in- 
side, at its base were caverned arches 
of brick, a shelter in need for those 
whose duty it was to guard this 
place. In the center had been built 
a round pillar of stone (where for 
completeness you might wish to see 
a gun mounted on its carriage to 
swing for any quarter upon its top). 
Fort Constitution stood in solid 
firmness, with its interior piled high 
with massive blocks of hewn granite, 
that had neve}' found their proper 
resting place. In the arched em- 
brasures many guns were mounted. 
There also were casemates, seemingly 
waiting for their cannon to protect 
this roofless castle. Yet the thought. 
that went into its construction, w T ould 
amount to more in defence of this 
island today, than would its granite 

History says that, in 1631, several 
cannon and other warlike implements 
were sent from England, and placed 
on "the northeast point of Great 
Island, at the mouth of the great 
harbor, " which they called Fort Point ; 
and in 1700 there were said to have 
been thirty guns mounted to defend 
the river. This fort was called Fort 
William and Mary for the king and 
queen whose reign was from 1689 to 
1702. This old brick fort had badly 
crumbled, and the broken material 
had fallen so that ascent had been 
made possible — for that day a brindled 
cow grazed along its grass grown 
parapet. The sally-port was filled 
with the accumulations of age, and 
the port-cullis hanging, grown old with 
time and disuse, rusted and at rest, 
high above, with free passage for the 
enemy to walk beneath. 

Rotting wharves in the little cove 
were hung with seaweed. Slime cov- 
ered piles thrust through the sagging 
timbers. A few flakes for drying fish 
still stood; they told their tale of 
past activity, when her sailor sons 
brought in their loaded dories. Their 
"weather report" was read from the 


The Granite Monthly 

sky. They knew the tonnage of the 
clouds and where they would dis- 
charge their cargoes. They knew 
pretty much what the cargo was and 
judged well in their preparations to 
receive it. 

Sometimes it was a hard won battle, 
lasting through wild days and nights 
without a beacon on the lonely waste 
of waters. But this day, out where 
you felt the surge of ocean, was Whale- 
Back Light; two towers of stone on 
the solid rock, standing fifty-eight 
feet above sea level. This light was 
built in 1 82S. On the island just beside 
the fort was Fort Point Light, built 
in 1771. 

And when the west had dipped her banners, 

Furled them for the close of day ; 

Then the sea reflected colors 

From Fort Point Light, and 

The light from Whale-Back; 

Gleaming out across the way — 

To guide the mariner through the 
entrance to this harbor "Where the 
bigest ships the king hath can lie 
against the bank. . . .." (In the 
time of the Revolutionary War, this 
harbor was protected from the 

enemy by Fort Constitution and Fort 
McCleary on the Maine shore.) 
Standing here you could almost see the 
old ships sail past, with their low bows 
and high carved sterns. There were 
the gilded and ornamental ships of 
France and Spain reflected in these 

You felt the romance that must be 
hidden in the old gray homes, in the 
island town itself, and in the grass 
grown graves, whose inscriptions of 
rude lettering told earthly name of 
those long buried. And many graves 
were only known by little hollows 
and hillocks which told their silent 

As the yellow sunset tinged the 
foam flecked waters, lighting the 
autumn woods of russet and brown, 
it struck a shaft of silver across the 
old slate stones 

Whose lengthened shadows in the twilight 

Reaching, touched mound after mound. 
While from the shore the restless waters 

Made a moaning, sobbing sound. 
There a mist came slowly creeping 

To spread its veil where the ocean lay, 
And the darkness grew and deepened 

On the graves — at close of dav — 


By Sarah Fuller Bickford Hafey 

We plod on life's journey, from youth to old age, 
Propelled, by ambition and income and wage; 
And stave through all hindrance, with strong sturdy arm, 
O'ercoming all obstacles, grief or alarm. 

And truly are thankful, for seeming success, 
Good, from our approval, be it more or less; 
And while we are groping and working and whirled, 
Help many poor stragglers, along this old world. 

But, one thing can hurt us and cripple us, too, 
Especially when it is far from our due; 
The thrust is so deep, when we're struck by our own, 
That trying our best, we can't stifle a moan. 

The wounds are near mortal, the pain is immense 
And makes a scar deeper than other offense; 
And will God in mercy, such base wrong forgive, 
And teach erring tyrants "to live and let live"? 



By Charles Nevers Holmes 

Myriads and myriads of suns shine 
upon us by day as well as by night 
but King Sol outshines them all by 
day. Therefore we see 011I3* one sun 
during daytime, but after Sol has set 
then the other stars begin to sparkle 
one by one. Some of them are bright, 
some are dim, yet all of them, if we 
except an occasional planet, are suns — 
suns smaller than, as large as, or 
larger than our own Sun. The whole 
darkened heavens are gloriously 
ablaze with them, but upon every 
clear might some particular star ap- 
pears to shine more brilliantly than 
any of the others. 

Let us seek a dark, secluded spot 
beneath the starlighted firmament. 
Overhead there are myriads of suns 
twinkling brightly, but nevertheless, 
one of these is preeminent in its 
splendor. Let us study carefully this 
brilliant sky-gem. It is as real a sun 
of night as King Sol is sun of day. 
How it glitters, flashing with colors. 
It is certainly very beautiful, this 
sun of night. Surely it cannot be 
vastly remote, sparkling so brightly 
amid the darkened dome. Of course 
such a star must be farther away than 
our own Sun, more distant than 
93,000,000 miles. Possibly it may 
be a hundred times as far to yonder- 
glittering sun. No?— well, then, a 
thousand times. Or even ten thou- 
sand times! Let us consider the 
matter more thoughtfully. After all 
those myriads of twinkling stars do 
seem to be at an enormous distance 
from us. Indeed, they are so far off 
that we cannot really see them, no 
shining disk, as in the case of our Sun, 
being visible to us. And then we 
feel no heat from them, not the slight- 
est warmth, whereas King Sol blazes 
in the firmament like a veritable 
sky-furnace. Moreover when we com- 
pare them with our Sun and remem- 
ber that so many of them are as large 

as or much larger than he, we begin 
to believe that these sparkling stars 
are even more remote from us than 
ten thousand times the 93,000,000 
miles which lie between our Earth 
and King Sol. 

It takes light only about eight 
minutes to pass from the Sun to our 
world, whereas it takes light approx- 
imately four and one-third years to 
travel from the nearest known sun of 
night to our planet! In other words, 
that nearest known sun of night, 
Alpha Centauri, by name, is distant 
not ten thousand times, not a hundred 
thousand times, but somewhere 
around two hundred and seventy-five 
thousand times as far as it is to our 
Sun. So that, in all probability, 
every twinkling star in the darkened 
dome overhead must be at a distance 
of or more than 275,000 times 93,000,- 
000 of miles. That is to say, all of the 
suns amid night's firmament are 
25,000,000,000,000 or more miles re- 
mote from us. 

Now let us consider what such vast 
remoteness really means. In the 
darkened firmament the brightest of 
tonight's suns is shining upon us just 
as it shone during the nights of our 
grandfathers and great-grandfathers. 
Of course, through past centuries, it 
has changed slightly its firmament al 
position, for everything material in 
our universe is in motion, more or less, 
including our own Sun and his solar 
system. Now, as we know, Alpha 
Centauri is distant about 275,000 
times as far as it is to King Sol. Then, 
for example, we will say that this 
brightest of tonight's suns is at a 
distance approximately twice as far 
as Alpha Centauri. This is about 
the distance of Sirius, popularly 
known as the Bog-star, whose appear- 
ance is most brilliant of all the suns of 
night, a distance of eight and six-tenths 
light-years or twice that of Alpha 


The Granite Monthly 

Cen'tauri. Accordingly Sirius would 
be twice 275,000 times 93,000,000 
mile? or around 550,000 times as far 
as it is from our Earth to the Sun. 
Therefore were we to board in the 
future some sort of sidereal craft and 
speed with a velocity of, say, 1 000 
miles per second towards brilliant 
Sirius, we. should arrive near his sur- 
face, provided all went well, about 
sixteen centuries after our death! 

And brilliant Sirius is the second 
nearest known sun of night visible to 
us without the assistance of the tele- 
scope. He is bj* comparison a " neigh- 
bor" of our solar system, and his 
distance seems almost like a cipher 
when we consider the remoteness of 
many of the suns of night. It is true 
that not a few of the stars which we 
perceive with unassisted sight are less 
than a hundred light-years away; 
but some of the so-called first-magni- 
tude suns, suns that shine very con- 
spicuously, are several hundred light- 
years distant. It has been proven 
satisfactorily that light speeds with a 
velocity of about 186,000 miles per 
second, and we begin to appreciate 
vaguely the size of the darkened dome 
above us when we ponder upon the 
■distance of some sun whose rays, 
speeding with such great velocity, 
take a hundred or more years to reach 
our Earth. Indeed, none of the 
sparkling stars, despite the swiftness 
of light, informs us of its present 
history. It is certainly most probable 
that all of the suns that seem to 
twinkle tonight are in existence, but 
"we are not absolutely sure. What 
changes may occur between the time 
that their rays leave their fiery sur- 
faces and the time that those rays 
arrive at the terrestrial surface, are 
somewhat conjectural. Not until 
those rays are actually visible, are we 
certain that no change has taken place 
in one of the suns of our universe. 
It is true that we seem to see Sirius 
sparkling and scintillating tonight in 
.all his usual splendor, but we do not 
perceive Sirius of tonight, we discern 
bis rays as they were eight and six- 

tenths years ago. Indeed, we do not 
really see Sirius at all, for it is impos- 
sible that we can discern his disk, 
shining approximately 50,000,000,- 
000,000 miles distant from us. 

These solar rays are, therefore, the 
sidereal historians of our universe. 
Moreover, they tell us about the size 
and motions of these various distant 
stars. Having measured our own 
terrestrial dimensions and having 
found the distance from our Earth to 
the Sun, by a series of careful calcula- 
tions astronomers are able to announce 
the remoteness of not, a few stars ; but 
as yet the distances of most of the 
so-called "fixed stars" remain un- 
computed. Respecting the exact 
sizes of these suns of night, astrono- 
mers have obtained, as in the case of 
their distances, more or less of an 
approximation. It is, however, cer- 
tain that all of the first-magnitude 
stars are much larger than our own 
Sun, and that were King Sol placed 
close to any of these other monarchs of 
the firmament he would be practically 
invisible, owing partly to distance, 
partly to the brilliance of the other 
sun. With regard to the motions of 
these shining bodies, such movements 
are detected after some time, by 
observing the nrmamental positions 
of the different stars. Some of the 
suns are moving more rapidly than 
others and a change in their sky- 
positions is discovered sooner than 
when the motion across the firmament 
is slower or when a star is at a great 
remoteness. The velocities of many 
suns have been calculated, varying 
from a few miles per second to a 
hundred or more miles. 

The solar rays tell us, also, some 
other information about these twink- 
ling stars. Their light has been ana- 
lyzed, that is, passed through a glass 
prism and otherwise studied, and the 
resulting colors and bands, called a 
"spectrum," have been used not 
only to discover what metals exist 
on these suns but also whether these 
suns are approaching or receding from 
our Earth. In this way, it was found 




that Alpha Centaurus is approaching 
our solar system with the " radial 
velocity" of thirteen and seven-tenths 
miles per second and that Sirius is 
also coining nearer, only more slowly. 
It certainly seems remarkable that 
these light-rays which have travelled 
trillions of miles through interstellar 
space, whose source seems so insignif- 
icant compared with the radiant 
glory of our own Sun, should be ca- 
pable of revealing so much to us re- 
specting the sidereal characteristics 
of that source. Certainly, Sirius is 
very brilliant and spectacular during 
the cold, clear nights of winter; but 
that we should be able to interpret the 
meaning of his light after its journey of 
some fifty trillion miles, is, to say the 
least, a remarkable phenomenon. 

Such are the suns of night, not only 
jewel-ornaments of God's glorious 
firmament but also glittering sky- 
monuments, proclaiming His eternal 
might and majesty. Created out of 
fiery chaos, moving about accom- 

panied by small or large systems of 
satellites, these firmamental gems 
sparkle all around the solar system 
containing our Sun, Mercury, Venus, 
Earth, Mars, Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus 
and Neptune. How far these stars 
continue, whether or not they are 
present beyond the confines of the 
remote Milky Way we are, as yet, 
not absolutely certain. But that 
they exist in myriads we are sure. 
And they shine upon us by day as well 
as by night, some of them bright, 
some of them dim, some smaller than, 
others as large as, or larger than, our 
own Sun. Around and around him 
year after year our little planet-home 
revolves swiftly, and thus these suns 
of night seem constantly to change 
their positions in the firmament; but 
we know that the real change of the 
so-called " fixed stars" is very gradual 
and that apparently brilliant Sirius 
will be in exactly the same place 
firmamentally a year hence where he is 
scintillating and sparkling tonight. 


By Amy J. Dolloff 

Through chaos and mist, when time was young, 

Thy mighty word was said, 
And light and beauty and life were formed, 

And over the new world spread. 

Thy mighty word had strength and power 

To work Thy glorious will, 
And down through the ages it thrilled all life, 

And moves with the same power still. 

Now humbly we bow and beseech Thy grace 

To speak to all men today, 
And end the chaos of strife and stress 

That over the earth has way. 

O speak Thy word to those who rule 
Wherever war's dark stream rolls, 
And, w T hile we wait for Thy light and peace 
in our souls. 

Put iron, God, 



"How Mildred Jones Helped Father" 

By Helen Adams Parker 

"Oh, dear!" sighed Mildred Jones' 
father, replacing a slip of paper in its 
envelope and laying it on his desk, 
"the usual rent bill, and prices of 
everything higher than ever — will 
this house ever be paid for?" 

Mildred looked up to hear what her 
father was saying. Going to the 
back of his chair she patted his head 
where it was getting a wee bit bald. 

"Never mind, father," she said. 
"Johnii} T got first prize for speaking 
and will soon be old enough to help 
you, the twins did not die with the 
measles, and anyway, the dear old 
house is just beautiful if we do not 
own it yet — and sometime we will," 
she added confidently. "So don't 
worry, father dear, 'there's a good 
time coming!'" and she ran out of 
the room for her mother was calling 
her to help get supper. 

But affairs did not brighten in the 
Jones household. 

The twins caught cold and were sick 
again, requiring the time and patience 
of the whole family to take care of 
them, as well as more of the doctor's 
visits. Johnny must have a new 
suit for high school graduation. The 
rent bills continued to come, and, to 
cap the climax, the doctor said the 
twins must have a change of air, 
"And you better go too, Tom," he 
said to Mr. Jones, "if you don't want 
an illness yourself — vou look like 
Marley's ghost!" 

An aunt living on the Maine coast 
had invited them many times to make 
her a long visit; so this decided them 
to accept, and Johnny was allowed to 
go, as he had studied so hard in school, 
and "he will be such a help with the 
twins," his mother added. 

Grandma Lane came to stay with 
Mildred, but she was not very strong, 
and the responsibility of the house 

would devolve mainly upon Mildred, 
who, although she was the oldest, 
had never been left alone before in 
her life. 

"Be a good girl, and don't forget 
Rover and the chickens," said her 
father as he bade here goodbye, and 
he put a two hundred dollar bill in 
her hand for expenses. 

After they drove away Mildred 
drew a long breath. "How lonesome 
I shall be!" she said to her best girl 
friend, Nora Sammons, who was 
there to see them off. 

"Never mind," said Nora, "I will 
stay with you, I will run over this 
very minute and ask mother." 

She soon returned with permission 
to stay, and the two girls went into 
the dining-room and began to clear the- 
table, for they had just had dinner. 

It was a large house that the Jones, 
family lived in, set up on a knoll, 
very cool looking, white with green, 
blinds and a wide piazza in front. 
Pine trees entirely surrounded it, 
and some particularly tall ones grew 
in front. 

Behind was the barn and hen house,, 
and back of them an orchard sloped 
down to a little lake. Over the front 
door of the house was "Pinehurst, " 
in big gilt letters. 

Mildred was just getting some wood 
from the woodhouse to heat water 
for the dishes when a large automobile 
stopped in front of the gate and 
seven people got out. 

They came up to the piazza and 
seeing Mildred said, "Can we have 
some dinner? We have come a long 
way and are fearfully hungry!" 

Mildred looked up in surprise. 

"Why! isn't this a hotel?" one of 
the ladies said. "We thought it 
was, it is so large and with the name 
over the door. But," she added 



coaxingly, "couldn't we have just a 
bite? We haven't had a thing to eat- 
since we started from the mountains 
early this morning." 

"You are welcome to what we 
have," said Mildred, and she ran to 
get chairs for them on the piazza. 

Taking a large pitcher of ice cold 
milk from the refrigerator and a plate 
of ginger cookies from the pantry, 
she carried them out to the strangers. 

"You can eat these until dinner is 
ready," she said. 

Meanwhile Nora had re-set the 
table, and together they re-heated 
the dinner. Fortunately it had been 
an unusually good one in honor of the 
family's going away. There was 
spring chicken, and they warmed 
over the potatoes. There was fresh 
lettuce from the garden, also beets, 
peas and tomatoes. When all was 
ready, Mildred asked them to come 
into the dining-room. 

"Oh, how good it all looks!" they 
cried in chorus and they ate and ate 
until not a crum remained. 

Then Mildred brought fresh straw- 
berries and strawberry ice-cream, 
with more ginger cookies. 

"What shall I pay you?" said the 
gentleman in charge of the party, 
when the}' were ready to go. 

"Oh nothing!" Mildred answered, 
"You are quite welcome." 

" But may we not stop and help you 
with the dishes?" said the ladies. 

"No, indeed," said Mildred, "Nora 
and I can do them very quickly." 

They left with most cordial good- 

When Mildred took up one of the 
plates in clearing the table she found 
a crisp new twenty dollar bill hidden 
under it. 

"What luck," she said, "I will 
keep it to give father to help pay 
for the house." 

A few days later two young men 
and girls came in the same way. 

As they insisted on paying her,. 
Mildred asked them each a quarter. 

"It is much too little," they said, 
and handed her ten dollars. 

From that time, all through the 
summer people came almost every 
day and one party asked to stay all 
night in the cool front chambers. 

When the family returned at the 
end of the summer, a smiling face met 
father in the hallway. 

"Here father are your two hundred 
dollars and five hundred dollars 
besides," said Mildred triumphantly, 
and then she told him what she had 

Mr. Jones was greatly pleased. 
"Why! Milly," he said, "this does 
me more good than my summer's 
trip — but, dear child, I shall take but 
the two hundred dollars and will put 
the rest in the bank for you. You 
have well earned it, besides — Aunt 
Isabel has given us the house. And, " 
he added with a sly wink, "you may 
need it later for your wedding fixings!" 

For Nora's big brother was just, 
opening the gate. 


By Gcorgie Rogers Warren 

Aim at the moon, you might hit a star, and shine. 
"Not failure, but low aim, is crime." 
So aim at the moon again; 

And even your enemies will say, "We'll not fight him- 
He'll win — some day." 

We doff our hat to no one, and why should we, pray, 
When we've whipped every rebel flag of the nations 
Up to the present day? 

So we will aim at the moon again — and win- 
But when? 



By Norman C. Tice 

Memories of an olden time are re- 
called as I climb the narrow stairway 
leading to the attic. Here are treas- 
ures of the long ago hanging from the 
dusty rafters, while others still more 
cherished are wrapped in tissue paper, 
scented with the fragrant lavender 
or the crisp leaves of faded roses, and 
hidden from the eyes of the curious 
in brass-bound trunks. The sun- 
shine streams in through the dusty 
window panes and softens the dusky 
gloom that lurks in the corners be- 
neath the low sloping roof. 

Among this conglomeration of 
relics of a bygone day are the joys 
and sorrows of a generation that has 
passed. Here is the low rocker where 
some fond mother hushed her baby 
to sleep as she sat in the warm glow 
of the firelight. The armchair beck- 
ons in vain for some grandfather to 
settle in its capacious arms again and 
smoke his evening pipe. Here are the 
cradle and the broken toys of some 
child who grew up and left the child- 
ish things for broader visions of life. 
All the comic and pathetic instances 
of the past are recalled by these mute 
tokens of a former day. 

In this low garret, with its sloping 
roof, are the firearms that were borne 
by a past generation in the great 
struggle for liberty. The years of 
strife that occurred during the mak- 
ing of the state are now written in a 
few short paragraphs on the pages of 
our histories. 

Here are the clusters of dried herbs, 
gathered by the careful hand of the 
housewife and hung on the rafters 
ready for use. They are now a mass 
of powdery dust. On the shelf are 
the candlesticks, some broken china 
and pottery, and a tarnished silver 
tea-urn that graced the evening meal 
in the evenings of long ago. 

Near the window the idle spinning 
wheel sleeps in the sun. It is heavily 
draped with the gossamer-like threads 
of the ever busy spiders. Beneath 

the eaves is the old clock that used 
to tick so loudly in the old kitchen. 
It is silent now, save when some in- 
truder sets the loose springs into 
vibration as he. treads the creaking 
boards beneath his feet. 

I open one of the trunks and a faint 
odor of some delicate perfume steals 
forth. Beneath the tissue paper 
wrappings gleams a satin gown. I 
lift it from its coverings and the yel- 
lowed satin gives out a faint rustle as 
I lay it against the broad surface of 
the easy chair. The narrow waist, 
zoned by a band of pearl embroidery, 
the low cut neck and fluted under- 
sleeves, betoken the youthful wearer 
of the gown. In imagination I can 
see her enter the ballroom, arrayed in 
her first party attire. And here is 
the embroidered waist coat, the 
ru filed shirt with its accessories of 
lace that her husband, or perhaps 
her lover, wore on that eventful 

In the bottom of the trunk are a 
few daguerreotypes, a powder horn, 
and a bloodstained coat with faded 
shoulder straps. The pictures are of 
a sturdy youth in army dress. The 
powder horn is fitted with a wooden 
plug and is scratched and scarred in 
many places. In the pocket of the 
coat is a faded rose and a letter. I 
must not read it for it is a sacred 
epistle and hallowed by a life, given 
perhaps for liberty. A rag doll, 
soiled and ill shaped, tells the story of 
some adoring little maid. A yellowed 
kerchief and a broken bracelet lie 
within a faded fancy box. 

What a memory casket is an old 
garret! What treasures are placed 
therein, and how infinite are the 
tales that each treasure mutely tells! 
These treasures have all been near 
and dear to some fond heart in its 
time. Reluctantly I leave the garret 
and descend the stairs, while the 
twilight glow steals into the dusky 
recesses of the treasure chamber. 



By Rev. Roland D. Sawyer 

Noah Worcester, Apostle of Peace, 
was born at Hollis, N. H.. Nov. 25, 
1758. His life with its inner motives, 
outer conditions, his great aims and 
ideals, ran along the same lines as did 
those of the great Russian of the 
nineteenth century. Worcester took 
part, at the age of eighteen in the 
battle of Bunker Hill. 

The battlefield produced in him the 
revolt that Sevastapool did in Tolstoy, 
and he returned to the humble life of 
a farmer in summer and shoemaker 
in winter. His bench was a study, 
over it lay the few books and the 
writing material by which lie was 
educating himself. 

By the age of thirty he is an or- 
dained minister, in spite of difficulties 
i,o support his family. He struggles 
along in a small parish, patching out 
with manual toil the means of sub- 
sistence. Religious letters and writ- 
ings show the original power of his 
mind and his fearless grappling with 
great questions. 

In 1814 he sends forth his famous 

pamphlet, U A Solemn Review of War." 
It led to the formation of the Ameri- 
can Peace Society. 

Noah Worcester was a great ad- 
mirer of William Penn; a Quaker on 
the war question, he saw the tre- 
mendous place in the philosophy of 
Jesus of his teaching " Resist not 
evil"; and he was a believer in the 
dignity of toil with the hands. Not 
to him was given the powerful literary- 
talent of Tolstoy, but just as sane, 
just as fearless, just as keen, was his 
perception of truth as it appeared in his 
day. All honor to our humble shoe- 
maker-reformer and religious teacher. 

Had the world heeded his appeal 
sent forth in 1814, it would not have 
launched a war in 1914, that has 
already killed five million soldiers, 
one million non-combatants, crippled 
millions more, cost directly $100,- 
000,000,000, piled up misery and 
debt for future generations as well as 
this. It is timely to think of the 
message of our great New Hampshire 
son, Noah Worcester. 


By Hester M. Kimball 

See yonder, up against the blue, 
The grandest flag that ever flew; 

Shout as she breaks out full and free, 
The flag that stands for liberty! 

We pledge thee all; hand, heart and head, 
Oh flag of blue and white and red. 

Did ever prouder pennon wave, 

Calling to all, "Be brave, be brave?" 

And hearts beat faster, wills grow strong, 
Seeing Old Glory pass along, 

So bare the head and touch the brow, 
Where'er you see the flag wave now. 

Say, shall that flag e'er know defeat, 
Shall Kaiser might our country beat, 

230 . The Granite Monthly 

Or shall the stars on field of blue, 

The bright red stripes and white ones too, 

Trail in the dust to rise no more, 

While sun and stars rise o'er and o'er? 

"Never!" the shout is loud and long, 

"Never!" 'tis stronger and more strong, 
Forever shall Old Glory fly, 

Free in the wind,, beneath God's sky, 
As yonder; up against the blue. 
Flies the best flag that ever flew. 

Therefore we hail thee, flag we love, 
We joy to see thee float above 

The school, the church, the home, the store, 
That seeing we may love thee more. 

Wave then up yonder, 'gainst the blue, 
Grand flag, best flag, that ever flew. 

Piitsfield, N. H. 


(Adapted to the tune of " John Brown's Body") 

By a Member of the New Hampshire Bar 

We are coming, Mother England — your errant daughter comes, 

W^e are marching — marching — marching to the beat of fife and drums; 

We will win or we will perish in our conquest of the Huns, 
For our souls are marching on. 

We are coming France — we're coming — we come to fight with you; 

We'll ne'er forget that ancient time when we were weak and few 
And the sword of France gleamed brightly in our cause of Justice, true, 

And your soul was marching on. 

Wc are coming, we are coming from the North, the South, the West, 
We are sending you our dollars with our bravest and our best; 

And the East, she joins our forces, for she knows not ease or rest, 
As her soul goes marching on. 

We will greet you, when we meet you, with our ripping battle yell 
We will drive the German despot to the lowest depths of Hell; 

We will lift the yoke from Belgium, and we'll do it jolly well, 
For all souls are marching on. 

Hurrah! for bull-dog England. Hurrah! for La belle France, 
Their flags entwined with ours gives all the world a chance 

To live the life of freedom, or fighting, die — perchance, 
With souls still marching on. 




Hon. Horatio Colony, for many years a 
leading citizen of Keene and Cheshire County, 
and for a time one of the most prominent 
Democrats in the state, died as the result of 
an automobile accident in the town of Goshen, 
October 11, 1917. 

He was the son of Josiah and Hannah 
(Taylor) Colony, born in Keene November 
14, 1335, educated at Keene academy, grad- 
uated from the Albany Law School in 1SG0 
and was admitted to the New York and New 
Hampshire bar the same year and practiced 
until 1S67 when he devoted his attention to 
manufacturing, as a member of the firm of 
Faulkner & Colony, woolen manufacturers, of 
which his father was one of the founders. 
Later he became one of the owners of the 
Cheshire mills at Harrisville, and had since 
been president and tree surer of the company, 
their offices being in Keene. 

Mr. Colony was the first mayor of the 
city of Keene, chosen in 1S74, and reelected 
in 1875. He represented his ward in the 
^legislature in 1877, serving on the Judiciary 
Committee. He was a delegate in the Demo- 
cratic National Convention of 1868, and had 
frequently been urged to become a candidate 
for governor and member of Congress. He 
was a director of the Cheshire and Citizens 
National banks of Keene and the Winchester 
National bank, president of the trustees of 
the Keene Public Library, of the Cheshire 
County Humane Society, and the Keene 
Steam Power Company. Lie was a Mason, 
Knight Templar, and a member of Cheshire 

He married, December 10, 18G3, Miss Emel- 
ine Eames Joslin, who died some years since. 

He is survived by three children, John J. 
Colony, Charles T. Colony of Keene, and 
Kate, wife of General James A. Frye, of 


James Robert Jackson, eldest son of Wil- 
liam and Prucia (Morrill) Jackson, born in 
Barnet, Vt., October 5, 183S, died in Little- 
ton, N. H., November 22, 1917. 

On his father's side he was a direct de- 
eeendent of Hugh Jackson, the linen-draper 
of Carriekfergus, Ireland, who was the an- 
cestor of President Andrew Jackson; while his 
mother was of the Morrill family of Vermont, 
of which the late Senator Justin S. Morrill 
was a member. He was educated in the 
public schools of Littleton, was clerk of Com- 
pany B., Fifth N. Vols., in the Civil \Yar, 
studied law with the late Hon. Harry Bing- 
ham, and was admitted to the bar in 1807, 
but practiced little, devoting himself largely 
to politics and railroad matters, being for 
many years a retainer of the Boston & Maine 

railroad, in its contest for supremacy in the 
state. He was a great student of political 
history, and no man in the state was better 
informed than he in the field of American 
politics. He took an active part in Demo- 
cratic party affairs for many years; was clerk 
of the House of Representatives during the 
memorable session of 1871; clerk of the Con- 
stitutional Convention of 1879; served as 
secretarv of the Democratic State Committee 


.[;■ : if • ■ 


. -4 

■■' ■■-K_ 




from 18S6 to 1892, and was appointed t T . S. 
Consul to Sherbrooke, by President Cleve- 
land in 1893, serving through that admin- 
istration. His later years were passed quietly 
in historical study and research, and not 
without result, as the fine history of the town 
of Littleton, in three volumes, of which he 
was the editor, attests. 

Mr. Jackson married, July 16, 1879, Lydia 
A. Drew of Dover, who survives, with six 
children — Robert, the well-known Concord 
lawyer, now a member of the New Hamp- 
shire Excise Commission, Andrew, a Roches- 
ter lawyer and superintendent of schools, 
now in "the U. S. Military service abroad, 
Harry B. and William M., also in the army, 
Elizabeth and Rachel. One daughter, Kath- 
erine, died in youth. 

Judge John Henry Hardy, of the Superior 
Court of Massachusetts, died October 10, at 
his home in Arlington, Mass. 


The Granite MoniJ-ly 

He was born in HoIIis, N. H., on February 
2, 1847. the son of John and Hannah (Farley) 
Hardy, and prepared for college at the acade- 
mies at Mont Vernon and New Ipswicn, 
N. H. At fifteen he enlisted in the Fifteenth 
New Hampshire Volunteers, and was in the 
siege of Port Hudson. After his discharge 
from the service, in 18G6, lie entered Dart- 
mouth College, and was graduated, A. B.. in 
1S70. He earned his way through college by 
teaching during vacations. While teaching 
at Chauncy Hall School, Mr. Hardy studied 
law with R. M. Morse. Jr., and later attended 
Harvard Law School. He was admitted to 
the Suffolk Bar in January, 1S72, and soon 
formed a partnership with George W. Morse, 
which continued two years, after which he 
became associated with Samuel J. Eider and 
Thomas TV. Proctor, under the -firm name of 
Hardy, Elder <k Proctor. 

Judge Hardy served as town counsel of 
Arlington from" 1S73 to 1S85, and in 1SS3 was 
in the Massachusetts Plouse of Representa- 
tives. He became an associate justice of the 
Municipal Court in Boston in May, 1SS5, and 
in September, 1896, became a justice of the 
Superior Court. He was married twice. His 
first wife was Miss Anna J. Conant of Little- 
ton, Mass. On June 16, 1913, he married 
Miss Ada McNab, of Arlington. He is sur- 
vived by his wife and one son, John H. Hardy, 
Jr., of Middleion. 


John Dowst, long a prominent citizen of 
Manchester, died at his home in that city, 
November 22, 1917. 

He was born in Allenstown January 12, 
1848. He attended Pembroke Academy, and 
taught school in youth, but went to Manches- 
ter quite early in life and became a member 
of the firm of Head & Dowst, builders and 
contractors, with which he continued, and of 
which firm he became treasurer upon its in- 
corporation some years since. Politically he 
was a Democrat of the conservative type and 
was a frequent attendant at party conven- 
tions though never a seeker for office. In re- 
ligion he was a Unitarian. He was deeply in- 
terested in historical and genealogical matters 
— particularly in the history of his native 
town, in connection with which he had col- 
lected much material. He was an Odd Fellow, 
a member and trustee of the New Hampshire 
Historical Society, a member of the Manchester 
Historical Society, the New England Historic- 
Genealogical Society, the Sons of the American 
Revolution and the Derryfield Club. 

Mr. Dowst married in 1874, Alma L. Olm- 
stead of Potsdam, N. Y., who died in 1900. 
He leaves one daughter, Ella M. Dowst. 

Rev. Benjamin F. Eaton, one of the oldest 
UniversalLst clergymen in the state, died at his 
home in. Dover, October 2, aged 81 years. 

He was born in South Hampton, son of 
Moses and Betsey (Jones) Eaton. He joined 

the Portsmouth church and served as a lay 
preacher, before studying for the ministry at 
Tuffs College. His first pastorate was in 
Dover where he was settled in 1862, con- 
tinuing five years. Subsequently he held 
various pastorates, in Ohio, Massachusetts 
and Rhode Island, returning to Dover in 
190(5, where he again preached four yenrs, 
resigning in 1910, on account of failing health. 
Mr. Eaton was an incorporator of Buchtell 
College, Akron, O., and at one time was field 
agent of Tufts College. 

He married at Dayton, O., Miss Nancy H. 
Kennard, daughter of John Kennard of Dover 
who survives. He leaves also a son, Rev. 
Clarence L. Eaton, of St. Johnsbury Vt., and 
a daughter, Miss Minnie L. Eaton of Dover- 


William Wirt Burbank, born in Warner, 
September 13, 1842, died at Penacook, Sep- 
tember 28, 1917. 

He was educated in the public schools and 
at the old Elmwood Institute in Boseawen, 
and was engaged for most of his active life in 
the lumber business, with his father, and,, 
later, with a brother, operating mills in Web- 
ster, although he was much interested in 
agriculture, and was long prominent and ac- 
tive in the Grange. 

He was a Republican in politics and served 
as moderator in Webster twelve years, fifteen 
years as selectman, three years as town treas- 
urer, and was a representative in the legisla- 
ture in 1881. He was one of the originators 
of the Kearsarge Telephone Company, and 
had been its president since its incorporation. 
For more than a quarter of a century he served 
as one of the directors of the Merrimack 
County Fire Insurance Company. He joined 
the First Congregational church of Webster 
in 1858, and had been superintendent of its 
Sunday school for thirteen years, and clerk of 
the church since 1895. He had for many 
years been a member of Harris I/odge No. 91, 
Ancient Free and Accepted Masons, of War- 
ner, and was a past master of that body. He 
was a charter member of the Daniel Webster 
Grange and was its first master, serving five 
years in that position, and had also filled the 
lecturer's chair. He was a charter member of 
Merrimack County Pomona Grange, and a 
past master of that body. He was president 
of the New Hampshire Grange Fair Associa- 
tion two years, and was four years superin- 
tendent of its fair. 

Mr. Burbank was married, September 26, 
1865, to Ellen Maria Dow, daughter of Enoch 
Hoyt and Judith Walker (Chandler) Dow, of 
Concord. Three daughters survive, Mrs. S. H. 
Bell of West Derry ; Mrs. W. B. Ranney, and 
Annie Florence Burbank. 

George Everett Adams, born in Keene, 
June 18, 18-10, son of Benjamin F. and Louisa 
Adams, died at his summer home in Peterboro,. 
October 5, 1917. 

New Hampshire Necrology 


He graduated from Harvard College in 
18GX), studied law and practiced many years 
in Chicago, where he was also prominent in 
politics as a Republican, and was several 
times elected to Congress, after serving sev- 
eral years in the Illinois legislature. At the 
time of his death he was a trustee of the Field 
Columbian Museum, the Newberrry Library 
and the Chicago Orchestra Association. He 
had served at various times as President of 
the Union League Club, the Chicago Club 
and the Commercial Club. He was always a 
devoted Harvard man and the first western 
Overseer of the University. 

While retaining his legal residence in Chicago, 
Mr. Adams spent most of the time in the 
later years of his life at his summer home in 
Peterboro, which was the old homestead of 
his wife's family, he having married, in 1871, 
Nancy S. daughter of Dr. John H. Foster 
She died some years since, but two daughters, 
Mrs. Mason Bross and Mrs. Edward Clement 
of Chicago, survive. 


Flavian Simmons Willis, son of the late 
Rev. Lemuel Willis, long prominent in the 
Universalist ministry, born in Cambridge, 
Mass., July 16, 1S43, died at his home in 
Warner October 2, 1917. 

He was educated in public and private 
schools at Westmoreland and Warner and 
studied law in the office of Fowler and Chand- 
ler in Concord. He enlisted in 1S61 in Bel- 
dams Sharp Shooters and served until 
discharged for disability. After the war he 
engaged for a time in gold mining in the west 
and later was connected with the railway mail 
service for many j-ears. In 1S88 he was ap- 
pointed United States postoffice inspector and 
held that position until he retired on account 
of impaired health in 1907. 

Mr. Willis represented the town of Warner 
in the legislature of 1893. He was a member 
of the Grand Army of the Republic and of the 
Masonic fraternity. Fie is survived by his 
wife, Susan A. Sawyer Willis; a daughter, 
Mrs. Bertram L. Chilcott of Ashland; and a 
son, Edward S. Willis of Concord. Another 
son was the late Arthur L. Willis, state com- 
missioner of motor vehicles at the time of his 


William W 7 . Critchett, born in Epsom, 
December 3, 1842, died at his home on Fruit 
Street, Concord, November 26, 1917. 

He was a soldier in Company C, 11th 
New Hampshire Regiment in the Civil War, 
and afterwards engaged in agriculture in 
Concord. He was the first Master of Capital 
Grange, No. 113, of Concord, and for many 
years interested in the order, and also in the 
G. A. R., being a charter member of E. E. 
Sturtevant Post of Concord. Politically he 
was a Republican, and had served in the 

Concord Common Council, in the Constitu- 
tional Convention of 1S76, and as a represent- 
ative from Ward 7 in the legislature of 1903, 
and as door keeper and sergeant-at-arms of 
the Senate. 

January 26, 1866, he married Joanna E. 
Stanley of South Tamworth, who survives 
him, as do five daughters. 

Rev. John P. Newell, long prominent in 
legal, educational and religious circles in this 
state, died in Litchfield, where he had been 
for some time pastor of the Congregational 
Church, on November 2, 1917. 

He was a native of i3arnstead, born July 
29, 1823, son of William Hill, and Olive (Den- 
nett) Newell. He graduated from Dartmouth 
College in 1S49 and was one of the oldest sur- 
viving graduates of that institution. He 
taught for some time after graduation, being 
principal of Pittsfield Academy and the Man- 
chester high; read law and commenced prac- 
tice in Manchester in 1853, but returned to 
teaching, as principal of the high school, and 
later became principal of Pinkerton Academy, 
Deny, serving in 1863 and 1864. Returning 
to Manchester, he was elected mayor of the 
city, and continued to reside there for rnany 
years. Late in life he entered the ministry, 
his last service in that line being in Litchfield 
where he died. He was long president of the 
trustees of Pinkerton Academy, and took 
great interest in the institution. 


Herman A. Dow, born in Warner, Septem- 
ber 8, 1S58, died at his home in that town 
October 3, 1917. 

He was the son of the late Samuel H. Dow 
an extensive farmer and railroad stockholder, 
and was himself largely engaged in agricul- 
ture and stock-breeding, being one of the most 
substantial, generous, and public spirited citi- 
zens of the town. He was a trustee of the 
Simonds Fiee High School and interested m 
all matters pertaining to the general welfaie. 
June 20, 1888, he married Miss Stella G. 
Wright, who survives him, as do two sons. 
Samuel EL and Harold W., the latter having 
entered the New Hampshire State College, at 
Durham just previous to his father's decease 
He is also survived by his mother, Mrs. Emily 
R. Dow, and a sister—Mrs. Fred H. Savory. 


J. Sherman Richardson, a native of Gonic 
in the town of Rochester, born in 1865, died 
in Brookline, Mass., November 6, 1917. _ 

Mr. Richardson was at one time principal 
of the Rochester high school, subsequently 
taught at Beachmont, and West Somerville 
Mass., and for the last fourteen years had 
been principal of the Fleath Grammar school 
in Brookline. 


The Granite Monthly 


The state of New Hampshire,, and the city 
of Concord in particular, lost an outstanding 
citizen in the death of Mr. A. Perley Fitcll, 
October 24, 1917. Retiring in disposition 
and unostentatious in manner he neverthe- 
less rilled a large place in our community and 
was universally respected. 

Mr. Fitch represented the best ideals and 







traditions of our New "England life. Possess- 
ing much more than ordinary business ability, 
scrupulously honest, of untiring energy, pub- 
lic spirited, benevolent, gracious, devout — 
during the almost hah* century Concord had 
been his home, he contributed to all that is 
best among us and distinctly lifted the ideals 

of business practice and citizenship, as well as 
those of public and private morality. 

He was perhaps known best as the organ- 
izer and directing mind of the A. Perley Fitch 
Company, one of Concord's most substantial 
businesses;; but he had been associated with 
other enterprises here and elsewhere and had 
had a large part in the development of Lake 
Sunapee as a summer resort, and was man- 
age! of the Woodsum Steamboat Company. 
He was an attendant of the Unitarian Church 
of Concord, a charter member of the Wono- 
lancet Club, and a "Mason. 

Mr. Fitch was born in Enfield, this state, 
October 24, 1S42. He received his education 
in the public schools of Enfield, Lebanon and 
Hanover. He. first came to Concord in 1855, 
and for four years was with Allison <fc East- 
man. In 1861, he formed a partnership with 
George F. Underbill. Later, he travelled; 
but returned to Concord in 1S74 associating 
himself with Charles Eastman with whom he 
formed a partnership. Later he purchased 
the interest of Mr. Eastman and continued 
the business in his own name — making it 
the leading drug business in New Hampshire. 

He was married to Miss Annie A. Colby, a 
member of one of the old Concord families, 
October 24, 1863. Their one son died in in- 
fancy. Mrs. Fitch and two sisters survive 

He was accustomed to celebrate the double 
anniversary of his birth and marriage in some 
special way and had planned to drive to 
Methuen with Mrs. Fitch to spend the day 
with relatives. The day before he had been 
active about the store, and apparently was in 
his usual health. The end came while he 
slept — a beautiful and untroubled going out, 
befitting a disciplined and composed life. 

"How sweet the hour of closing day, 
How peaceful and serene, 
When the setting sun with cloudless ray, 
Sheds mellow luster o'er the scene." 


The Granite Monthly for 1918 will be published in four quarterly issues of 64 pages each, 
in the last months of each quarter — March, June, September and December — and will be sent 
to such subscribers as may desire it, for SI. 00 for the year, -payment *o be made on receipt of the 
first issue, if it has not been made in advance. This arrangement, which it is hoped will be only 
temporary, is made necessary at present on account of the greatly increased cost of publica- 
tion resulting from "war prices." All subscribers desiring to receive the magazine on these 
terms are requested to notify the publisher at once, as are all those who wish to discontinue. 
Those in arrears should remit the balance due before the first of January, without fail. The 
volumes for 1917 and 1918 — Volumes 49 and 50 will be bound together for exchange, at the 
end of next year. 



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