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Full text of "The Granite monthly : a magazine of literature, history and state progress"




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IMiMHlWIW B DH B OWIMHH B i i iiTO 

..... ........ , , • | . ■ . 





REY1MOT nQ h^TORIC/ : 
GENEALOGY COLLECTION 



\ 



ALLEN COUNTY PUBLIC LIBRARY 



3 1833 01742 4448 



GENEALOGY 
974.2 
G7659 
1922 
JUL -DEC 



Digitized by the Internet Archive 
in 2013 



http://archive.org/details/granitemonthlymav54p2conc 



The 



Granite Monthly 



Neiv Hampshire State Magazine 



VOLUME LIV. 

1922 



PUBLISHERS 

HARLAN C. PEARSON 

JANUARY-SEPTEMBER 

THE GRANITE MONTHLY COMPANY 

FROM OCTOBER 
CONCORD, NEW HAMPSHIRE 



; -; 



] h ' H imp ihire 




•V 69887$ 



^fe.# iz ti 



IN r .: ISSUE: 



THE DANIEL WEBSTER HIGHWAY 



HARLAN C. PEARSON, Pi&Ushei 
CONCORD, K. H. 






Entered at the post-office J Concord, N. H, as second-class mail 1 



£A3-Aai( 



i . 



i ..... ,. ,...^-*iv* -J.!.-.-.- -.-.. -■•..■ •-»--'.'i-:~- ..' StaetiJSi&^s^itois 



Daniel Webster 
The Pope Portrait, presented to Dartmouth College by Edward Tuck. 

(Kindness of the Dartmouth Alumni Monthly.) 



<^e25T 



THE GRANITE MONTHLY 



Vol. LIV 



JULY, 1922 



No. 7. 



THE DANIEL WEBSTER HIGHWAY 



In the city of Nashua, on the boun- 
dary line between New Hampshire 
and Massachusetts, there were dedi- 
cated with appropriate ceremonies, 
on Tuesday, May 16, 1922, two gran- 
ite monuments, bearing bronze tablets 
which tell the world that there he- 
gins the Daniel Webster Highway. 

Notable addresses were delivered 
by Judge Charles R. Corning of Con- 
cord, the orator of the day, Governor 
Albert O. Brown, representing the 
State of New Hampshire, and State 
Highway Commissioner John X. Cole 
of Massachusetts, representing that 
state in the regretted absence of Gov- 
ernor Channing H. Cox, New Hamp- 
shire native. Former State Senator 
William F. Sullivan of Nashua acted 
as master of ceremonies for the oc- 
casion, plans for which were made 
bv Hon. George L. Sadler of the 
Executive Cou icil, with the assistance 
of the Nashua Rotary Club. Mayor 
Henri A. Burque gave an address of 
welcome and Nashua people general- 
ly manifested their interest in the 
event by participating in an imposing 
automobile parade. 

The address of Governor Brown 
was as follows : 

"Mr. President, Ladies and Gentle- 
men: As with appropriate exercises 
we dedicate the. monuments the state 
has set up to mark the beginning, 
within New Hampshire, of the great 
highway to which, by legislative enact- 
ment, she has assigned the name of 
her foremost son. it may be well 
briefly to recall the events which have 
led up to this celebration. 

"The New Hampshire Bar associa- 
tion at its annual meeting in 1920 
passed a resolution presented by the 



Honorable Edgar Aid rich which re- 
quested its president to appoint a 
committee of 15 to make known the 
fact that it was the sense of the as- 
sociation that as a tribute to a son of 
New Hampshire— and to the most fa- 
mous expounder of the Federal Con- 
stitution—one of the main boulevards 
from the Massachusetts line to the 
northern boundary of the state, or as 
far northerly as might be deemed 
most appropriate, should be statutor- 
ially designated and properly marked 
as the Daniel Webster Highway. 

"In pursuance of this resolution a 
committee was created, with Judge 
Aid-rich at its head. A letter from the 
committee to the governor was trans- 
mitted to the Legislature for consid- 
eration. Thereupon a statute was en- 
acted which provides that the great 
New Hampshire highway beginning at 
the Massachusetts boundary and run- 
ning northerly through many cities 
and towns to Colebrook be given the 
name of Daniel Webster Highway. 

"Soon after this enactment, The 
John Swenson Granite company of 
Concord proceeded, in accordance with 
an offer previously made, to quarry, 
cut and donate to the state the two 
beautiful markers of Xew Hampshire 
granite, which, with the highway it- 
self, afford the occasion of our com- 
ing together. 

"The bronze tablets were cast by 
William Flighton and Sons company 
of Nashua. The foundations were 
laid and the monuments placed in 
position by the Highway Department 
of the state government. 

"The state can pay no higher tribute 
to her most illustrious son than to 
name for him her greatest avenue of 



226 



GRANITE MONTHLY 



travel. Over it he journeyed, for many Hampshire and gave to her such 
years between his home in Massa- noble features. It is nature, the 
chusetts and his home in New Hanap- painter, that, in the course of each re- 
shire. He always admired it as he volving year, illuminates those tea- 
went, and well he might. tures with all the colors of the rain- 
"It lies in the broad basin of the how. 

Merrimack; it follows the indented "Over this road, in wagons and 

shores of the lakes; it winds in and in sleighs, once went the commerce 

out among the foothills; it ascends of the north. Then it sought the 

the steep valley of the Pemigewassct ; river and the rail. Now, with the 

it threads the Franconia notch; it improvement of the road bed and 




passes close to the Flume, the Pool, 
the Old Man of the Mountain, Echo 
Lake and the giants of the Presi- 
dential Range ; it crosses the rich in- 
tervales of the Connecticut, and is 
lost among the green hills of Ver- 
mont. In short, for nearly two hun- 
dred miles within our borders, it 
traverses a region of unequaled and 
magnificent beauty. It was nature, 
the sculptor, that fashioned New 



the advent of trucks, it is coming 
back again. 

"It will doubtless remain and 
increase. Flere will pass at least 
the local traffic of the future. 
Over this road, too, during each 
vacation season, there will come, 
as there does at present, a multi- 
tude of people from every section 
of our own country as well as 
every quarter of the globe. It is 



THE DANIEL WEBSTER HIGHWAY 



11/ 



assuredly fitting that the state no similar, evidence of another habi- 

shoukl dedicate this great high- ration between it and the settlements 

way, now properly designated and on the rivers of Canada. He was 

suitably marked, to the memory graduated [rem the law department 

of him whom" she gave to the of the University oi Michigan at 20 

country to be its foremost lawyer, and later received the honorary degree 

orator and statesman. of Doctor of Laws from that insti- 

"This occasion should not be al- tution as well as from Dartmouth 

lowed to pass without some tribute to college. To him belonged the unique 

the distinguished jurist who so ear- distinction of admission to the bar 




nestly sought the legislation that lias 
resulted in these exercises. He was 
horn in the northernmost town in the 
state and within a few miles of the 
line established by that capital achieve- 
ment in diplomacy, the Webster- Ash- 
burton treaty, lie could say of his 
father's house, substantially in the 
language of the great statesman he 
desired to honor, that when the smoke 
first rose from its rude chimney and 
curled over the frozen hills there was 



before the constitutional age of 21. 

"For nearly 25 years he practiced 
his profession with conspicuous suc- 
cess. For 30 years he graced the 
bench of the Federal Court for the 
District of New Hampshire, devoting 
most of his time, however, to the work 
of the United States Circuit Court of 
Appeals in Boston. It is safe to say 
that no judge ever administered the 
affairs of the court for this district 
with greater tact, dignity and ability 



28 



GRANITE MONTHLY 



than did Edgar Atdrich. And when 
upon a recent date his death was an- 
nounced, it was universally felt that 
a capable lawyer, a competent judge 
and a public spirited citizen had been 
called to his reward." 



The oration by Judge Charles R. 

Corning, President o\ the New 
Hampshire Historical Society, was 
as follows : 



r 



I 



Nearly seventy years have passed 
since the burial at Marshfield. vet 



criticism continues to take 



lil 



with his memory, biographers are not 
of one mind, and even historians find 
the scales difficult to adjust. His 
character has been summoned before 
the judgment seat of the anti slavery 
period and a verdict rendered fol- 
lowed by criticism as bitter as it is 
persistent. To many of us all this 



n\ 



Governor Albert G. Brown 
It is a pleasure and an honor to be is explained 



asked to speak of Daniel Webster at 
any time but it is a peculiar gratifica- 
tion to speak of him on an occasion 
like this. Moreover, this is a repre- 
sentative gathering of New Hampshire 
citizens which Mr. Webster so 
loved and welcomed. Some of his 
most felicitous remarks were made 



at gatherings of th 



:ind. 



when we consider that 
at the time of the Seventh of March 
speech in 1850, the public mind of the 
North had ceased to regard slavery 
as an economic question, and looked 
upon it as a great moral issue. Web- 
ster's death two years later had no 
effect on partisan rancor; his was 
an ever open grave. 

At a memorial meeting in Concord 



THE DANIEL WEBSTER HIGHWAY 



2?Q 



assembled in the Representatives' 
Hall on Monday, the day after his 
death, Franklin Pierce then in nomi- 
nation for the Presidency, uttered 
these impressive sentiments: "iio;v do 
merely earthly honors and distinc- 
tions fade amid a gloom like this! 
How political asperities are chast- 
ened — what a lesson to the Hying! 
What an adnxmi.tion to personal 
malevolence, now awed and subdued, 



Franklin Pierce and yet Daniel Web- 
ster lives. He lives in our imagina- 
tion and we sons of New Hampshire 
cherish his memory and love to" re- 
call his great career with its splendid 
achievements. My purpose today is 
not to speak of Mr. Webster as a 
public or professional man but as a 
nature lover. lie frequently re- 
marked that he ought to have been a 
naturalist and written a work desciib- 






Bfe: - - ■'-.. tffl 



The late Judge Edgar Aldkich. 



as the great heart of the nation throbs 
heavily at the portals of his grave." 
Alas, these words spoken by a life- 
long political opponent, sweetened 
with an appeal for Christian charity, 
fell upon the unforgiving and caused 
the flame of passion to glow and 
sparkle. 

More than two generations have 
gone since the eloquent words of 



ing the varied scenery of New Hamp- 
shire and the awful majesty of the 
ocean. His love of nature attended 
hirn through life and no visitor was 
more welcome than Mr. Audubon, 
the ornithologist. Consequently the 
Daniel Webster Highway impresses 
us as a singularly appropriate name 
to bestow on this picturesque thor- 
oughfare. Through those granite por- 



230 



GRANITE MONTHLY 



tals shall pass countless thousands 
during the years to come eager to 
behold the gentle valley of the Merri- 
mack, the rising foot hills beyond 
comely Kearsarge, the serene and 
manifold charms of Sunapec, of 
Squam ami of Winnipesaulcee on- 
ward to the eternal White Mills 
which Webster knew so well and 
loved so dearly. 

Our State always found a warm 
and earnest eulogist in Mr. Web- 
ster, he missed no occasion to de- 
scribe New Hampshire, to tell her 
history and recall her legends. 



Judge Charles R. Corning. 

Speaking as the presiding officer at 
the famous festival of the Sons of 
New Hampshire held in Boston in 
1849, he painted this picture of our 
little state — "We value it for what 
Nature has conferred upon it, and 
for what her hardy sons have done 
for themselves. We have not for- 
gotten that its scenery is beautiful; 
that its skies are all healthful; that 
its mountains and lakes are sur- 
passingly grand and sublime. If 
there be anything on this conti- 
nent, the work of Nature, in hills, 
and lakes, and seas, and woods, 



and forests, strong! y attracting the 
admiration of all those who love 
natural scenery, it is to be found in 
our mountain State of New Hamp- 
shire." "It happened to me lately 
to visit the northern parts of the 
state. It was Autumn. The trees 
of the forests, by the discoloration 
of the leaves, presented one of the 
most beautiful spectacles that the 
human eye can rest upon. But the 
low and deep murmur of those 
forests, the fogs and mists, rising 
and spreading, and - clasping the 
breasts of the mountains, whose 
heads were still high and bright in 
the skies, — all these indicated that 
a wintry storm was on the wing; 
the spirit of tempests would speak. 
But even this was exciting ; ex- 
citing to those of us who had been 
witnesses before of such stern fore- 
bodings, and exciting in itself as 
an exhibition of the grandeur of 
natural scenery. For my part, I 
felt the truth of that sentiment. 
applied elsewhere and on another 
occasion, that 

"The loud torrent and the whirlwind's 
roar. 

But hound me to my native mountains 
more." 

Daniel Webster was born in 
Salisbury, now a part of Franklin, 
January 8, 1782, where his birth- 
place is preserved and cared for, 
situated but a short distance from 
the highway bearing his name. In 
an address at Saratoga in 1840, he 
has this to say of that spot. "It did 
not happen to me to be born in a 
log cabin; but my elder brothers 
and sisters were born in a log cab- 
in, raised amid the snow drifts of 
New Hampshire, at a period so 
early that, when the smoke first 
rose from its rude chimney, and 
curled over the frozen hills, there 
was no similar evidence of a white 
man's habitation between it and 
the settlements on the rivers of 
Canada, Its remains still exist, I 



THE DANIEL; -WEBSTERM-IIGHWAY 



231 



make it an annua! visit." When date always appealed strongly I to 

Daniel was a child his father, moved his sentiments and affection and 

to the farm three miles to the Fast there he spent many happy and 

known for many years as the Elms-, carefree, days year alter year, his 

and - in our day as (lie Webster last visit being* a few weeks before 

Place . now ; owned by the New his death. Horace did not love Iris 

Hampshire Orphans' Home. There Sabine farm more passionately, than 

Webster grew to youth and amid Daniel Webster -loved his paternal 

the ; invigorating and . inspiring acres at Franklin. . Perhaps Mr; 

great • out-of-doors which created Webster, idealized Ins - possessions 

an '.admiration, and love that grew as this letter to his friend Blatch- 

sironger with advancing years. ford ■ might suggest. -...Here it is ; v 




nrKJ run 



Councilor George L. Sadler, 



-The; Merrimack was only a levy ; .Elms Farm, October 23, 1850, 

yards ; away and the foot hills of the Tuesday morning: before sunrise..; 
.White- -Mountains were. in... plain My dear. Sir-— ^ Haw - : 

yiew< T ne Pemigewasset "the ■::.■■'. ,,: ., ; ." ; ,. ..,.? 

;beau-ideal of a mountain stream, \. This castle has a pleasant seat; the 

void, .noisy and -winding'', as Weir- air kindly and sweetly recommends 

Ster.. called it, a mile or two dis- itself unto our gentle senses — j 

tant never lost its charm to the. boy ,...„, .V , . " . ,. , . TM , 

- . 1J ^ >y -■ ■>■■•■">•? 'throw physic '-to tne : dogs-: 111 none 

: or;the man., •■; - t ... ; f . : ,,.j . , . of ■ it ; • " Fri •r.°l\ ., .! 

, ; Jijms Farm, which. came into Mr. Nor r h, lbard>i .^eiinav nor. a purgative 

'Webster's ..possession ■; _at an early . ., drug/'. i: i ,. ;; r ; i; }jm , ,v 



232 



GRANITE MONTHLY 



But Dunsinane was a poor, fog- 
:gy, sickly spot, compared with 
Elms Farm ; nor did Scotland ever 
sec such a forest prospect as the 
sun at this moment begins to shine 
upon. The row of Maples, by the 
side of mv field, for half a mile, 



reatton was to see a man in farming 
clothes, a white slouched hat, car- 
rying a stout stick, looking like a 
stalwart drover or a well to do 
farmer. And yet, the impressive 
presence of the man arrested one's 
attention, instinctively suggesting 



ws like a broad line of bur- that lie was typical of the scenery 



sho 

nished y;o\d ; and the hill-side, west 
of the house, displays every possi- 
ble variety of tint, from the deep- 
est and darkest evergreen to the 
brightest orange. In half an hour 
I shall be ascending some of the 
bills. It seems to me the finest 
morning I ever saw. "Chips" 

enough ; and, by the looks of John 
Taylor's larder, we can "laugh a 
siege to scorn." 

John Taylor was head farmer at 
the Elms, a friend and companion, 
between whom and Mr. Webster a 
tender and confidential intimacy 
always subsisted. His familiar 

letters to Taylor about planting, 
harvesting and cattle and sheep, 
filled with practical suggestions 
and embellished with pertinent 
quotations from Virgil show the 
great man at his best. Horses and 
dogs Mr. Webster never particular- 
ly cared about but big and sleek 
cattle found in him a passionate 
lover. On the Elms Farm a hun- 
dred head of those creatures grazed 
silently under the eyes of their de- 
voted master. The neighborhood, 
its legends and its inhabitants were 
dear and- interesting to him, he 
loved to talk with the farmers and 
their wives, he gained strength, by 
his walks along the old paths and 
hilly highways. A fisherman all 
his days from Punch brook with 
its trout to Marshfiekl with its cod, 
he took a lively delight in the placid 
water of Lake Como, as he called 
the picturesque body which we 
recognize in our day as Webster 
Lake, some three miles from the 
Elms. There he kept a boat for 
himself, and his angling friends. 
To meet him in those davs of rec- 



surrounding him. In a letter 

written in 1845 Daniel Webster has 
this to say about his New Hamp- 
shire home. 

"This is a very picturesque coun- 
try. Idie hills are high, numerous 
and irregular — some with wooded 
summits, and some with rocky 
heads as white as snow. I went 
into a pasture of mine last week, 
lying high upon one of the hills, and 
had there a clean view of the White 
Mountains in the northeast, and of 
Ascutney, in Vermont, back of 
Windsor, in the west; while with- 
in these extreme points was a visi- 
ble scene of mountains and dales, 
lakes .and streams, farms and for- 
ests. I really think this region is 
the true Switzerland of the Limited 
States." Whether or not that ref- 
erence to Switzerland originated 
with Air. Webster, I am unable to 
say, but it has always appeared to 
be an exuberant expression scenic- 
ally delusive when we consider that 
New Hampshire possesses no Alps 
and Switzerland has no sea coast. 
We cannot picture this sincere and 
devoted worshipper of Nature and 
its majestic mysteries without as- 
sociating him with another spot 
he dearly loved and constantly 
longed for, Marshtield. And in this 
connection 1 am certain that I ex- 
press the lively hope of all people 
of our .state that the Daniel Web- 
ster Highway, beginning at the 
last home of Webster may wend 
its way across the old Common- 
wealth to these granite posts, 
thence along the serene river val- 
ley to the birth place and then 
northward to the unchanging peaks. 

"Marshheld and the sea, the sea," 



THE DANIEL WEBSTER HIGHWAY 



213 



was his only home during' 
twenty years of his life, 
there that he -entertained hi: 
and indulged 



ir 



the last 
It was 

friends 
the pleasures and 
perils of the gentleman-fanner. 
To breed fine oxen was his pas- 
sion, he gloried in their sturdy pa- 
tience and power and in his last 
hours we see the dying man 



e< 



at liie window 

mmm 



teastiiu-r hi: 



seat- 
fad- 



the limitless sea, amid brown 
marshes and sand-dunes, where the 
sense of infinite space is strong- 
est.:" "I take to myself the wings 
of the morning.'' he used to ex- 
claim when oppressed with public 
labors and his thoughts [flew to 
Marshneld, for there he said he 



grew stronger every 
giants 



hour. 
fain by 



"The 
touch- 



i a 






■~. ..- . ■ ,. . 



11 ox. William F. Sullivan. 



ing eyes on the sleek herd driven 
slowly by for his inspection. In 
the words of Senator Lodge : "He 
loved everything that was large. 
His soul expanded in the free air 
and beneath the blue sky. All nat- 
ural scenery appealed to him. — 
Niagara, the mountains, the roll- 
ing prairie, the great rivers — but he 
found most contentment beside 



ing the earth; the same effect is pro- 
duced on me by touching the salt 
Seashore." 

In these days of costly construc- 
tion and expensive maintaining of 
our state roads suitable for the trav- 
el thereon, as the legal phrase has 
it, let us think back a hundred 
years more or less and try to pict- 
ure the means of communication 



234 , GRANITE MONTHLY .; 

during the. greater part of Web- good roads. It appears that along 
ster's lite. It is interesting to re- in the eighteen.; 'twenties Mr. Web- 
call that, the .-railroad from Nashua ster was an owner of- a domain con- 
to Goncdrd'i! was; built only ten sisting qf wild lands.. : sonie\vhere in 
years before Wfebsters death. We the region we in our day know as 
know from- his. letters and speeches Dixville ■ Notch. But a century ago 
to what -extent 'Mr. Webster trav- a landed proprietor in that remote 
elled up and down the highways part of New Hampshire was an ob- 
and turnpikes of his day and we ject of commiseration rather than 
know from these sources what he of envy and Daniel Webster was no 
thought about good roads. I veil- exception. During the longest day 
ture to say that "Daniel Webster ~ ' irr midsummer '"" TS29™ Mr. Whitte- 
was one of the first men. if not the more at Dixville wrote to Webster 
first, to foresee and predict the eco- at Boston a description of the local 
nomic and gratifying results of a situation. "The inhabitants of this 
good highway. His imagination saw town," he says, "are now reduced to 
the possibilities of the future while two. The roads are so bad there 
his all embracing comprehension is little travel. Last year the 
pictured the Republic as an ever bridges were alt carried off, and two 
growing interlacement of high- large slides came down in the 
ways, canals and railroads. Web- Notch. We did seventy days work 
ster had long turned his fiftieth on the road before teams could 
birthday before transportation by pass." And then is added a direct 
steam became a common experience appeal for aid. "I am no beggar 
even in New ; Hampshire. And all I ask is justice among men. 
from his early years Ire was a not Your lamented brother told me that 
infrequent traveler over the rough Daniel would be willing to lay out 
and toilsome country roads. Here a hundred or two dollars on the 
is an incident interesting to modern road, if that would satisfy me, but 
Nashua. Mrs. Ezekiel Webster, at that you considered such sum only 
that time a visitor here, received as an entering wedge for a larger 

this note dated at Boston, June 14, sum you can guess pretty 

1831. "***** jt j s our intention to near what men say, when they get 

set off on Thursday morning for their horses off the Notch, and 

Boscawen, by way of Nashua Vil- have them lay in the gulf two or 

lage. Weather being favorable, three days, which has several times 

we may be expected Thursday after- been the case. Now, sir, if you will 

noon at Nashua and shall be happy assist in repairing the road, you 

to have you go' north with us. I will let me know how and when." 

am under the necessity of being at Mr. Whittemore signs his letter 

Concord, at nooir on Friday ; so that as 'your long neglected and hum- 

I shall be obliged to put you to the ble servant.' What effect that had 

distress of an early rising on that on Mr. Webster's sense of respon- 

day." ' . sible proprietorship is not disclosed 

The time enumeration may seem among his- correspondence. But 

curious to us motor car enthusiasts we possess proof that good roads 

but we should bear in mind that in was a subject of frequent thought 

trie' year 1831, methods of public and consideration, to him all His life 

travel had not changed much since long,',,'". * ' - '1,/,'. T^.,. 

the Golden Age, of Rome. 7~'ih my collection^ is! a letter to 

The incident I shall now mention Israel; KelKv written 1 April 16, 1835. 

affords .interest ./and miid amuse- apprising him of a visit to his old 

merit "concerning the subject of home: "I intend to go to 'Franklin 



THE DANIEL WEBSTER HIGHWAY 



235 



soon, but am willing to delay for a 
little while, in hopes of better 
Weather and better roads." 

In August 1847, the Northern 
Railroad was completed as far as 
Grafton, where a celebration was 
held bringing together a large num- 
ber of persons, tor it was under- 
stood that Mr. Webster would be 
present. In that informal address 
he recalled his early associations 
with the surrounding country, its 
localities and its inhabitants and 
furnished us with an account of 
the early conditions as he had 
known them in his youth. No 
where in all his Works and Letters 
is there anything more historical in 
incident or more appropriate to be 
repeated on this occasion. Listen 
to what Mr. Webster had to say 
about himself and his experiences 
during the early years of the last 
century. 

"In my youth and early manhood 
I have traversed these mountains 
along all the roads or passes which 
lead through or over them. We 
are on Smith's River, which, while, 
in College, 1 had occasion to swim. 
Even that could not always be 
done; and I have occasionally made 
a circuit of many rough and tedious 
miles to get over it. At that day, 
steam, as a motive power, acting 
on water and land, was thought 
of by nobody ; nor were there good, 
practicable roads in this part of the 
State. At that day, one must have 
traversed this wilderness on horse- 
back or on foot. So late as when 
I left College, there was no road 
from river to river for a carriage 
fit for the conveyance of persons. 
I well recollect the commencement 
of the system of turnpike roads. 
The granting of the Charter of the 
fourth turnpike, which led from 
Lebanon to Rosea wen, was regard- 
ed as a wonderful era. I remember 
to have attended the first meeting 
of the proprietors of this turnpike 
at Andover. It was difficult to per- 



suade men that it was possible to 
have a passable carriage road over 
these mountains. I was too young 
and too poor to be a subscriber, 
but I held the proxies of several ab- 
sent subscribers, and what I lacked 
in knowledge and experience 1 
made up in zeal. As far as I now 
remember, my first speech after I 
left College was in favor of what 
was then regarded as a great and 
almost impracticable internal im- 
provement, to wit, the making of 
a smooth, though hilly road, from 
the Connecticut River opposite the 
mouth of the White River, to the 
Merrimack River at the mouth of 
the Contoocook. Perhaps the most 
valuable result of making these and 
other turnpike roads was the diffu- 
sion of knowledge upon road-mak- 
ing among people; for in a few 
years afterward, great numbers of 
people went to Church, to elector- 
al and other meetings, in chaises 
and wagons, over very tolerable 
roads." Toward the close of that 
impromptu speech Mr. Webster in- 
troduced a touch of humor. "Fel- 
low citizens\ can we without won- 
der consider where we are. and 
what has brought us here? Sever 
al of this company left Boston and 
Salem this morning. They passed 
the Kearsarge on the left, the Rag- 
ged Mountains on the right, have 
threaded all the valleys and gorges 
and here they now are at two 
o'clock at the foot of the Cardigan 
Hills. They probably went to the 
market this morning, ordered their 
dinners, went home to a leisurely 
breakfast, and set out on their 
journey hither. By the way, if 
they had thought fit, (and it would 
have been a happy thought) thev 
might have brought us a few fish 
taken out of ttlie sea at sunrise 
this morning, and we might enjoy 
as good a fish dinner as our friends 
are now enjoying at Phillips's 
Beach or Nahant. This would have 
been rather striking; a chowder at 



236 



GRANITE MONTHLY 



the foot of the Cardigan Hills 
would have been a thing to be 
talked about." 

And so during- his life Daniel 
Webster availed himself of fitting 
opportunities to express his love of 
New Hampshire and his apprecia- 
tion of its serene and rugged 
scenery. 

To a man with an imagination so 
strong and vivid the opening of the 
railroad with the immense possi- 
bilities awaiting its extension 
moved him profoundly and caused 
him to look into trie future with 
prophetic vision. His mind com- 
prehended the whole Republic. I 
do not venture to say that the rail- 
road inspired him with awe but its 
swiftness of communication as com- 
pared with the methods of his 
youth and middle age never ceased 
to impress him. In a note written 
front Elms Farm a year or two be- 
fore has death we detect this 
thought. He writes: "I am here 
in two hours and three-quarters 
from Boston, ninety-two miles, 
without fatigue, and feeling pretty 
strong." In a little note contain- 
ing fewer than fifty words, his love 
of Nature and homely comforts are 
delightfully disclosed. "The weather 
cold — a little cloudy — heavy frost yes- 
terday morning. The foliage in- 
describably beautiful. John Taylor 
straight up. Henry and I his only 
guests, and three glorious chip-fires 
already burning. Can you resist that?" 

Sydney Fisher, one of the fairest 
of biographers, says that Webster's 
mind and memory evidently worked 
entirely by the picture method. His 
knowledge was all pictured concrete- 
ly in actual scenes, usually from na- 
ture. One sees this constantly in 
reading his speeches. He seems to 
be walking among these scenes and 
fields of his memory and picking up 
the information which he describes 
from its locality. 

Nature in every form appealed and 
spoke to Mr. Webster all his life long 



and the writing of a book on the sub- 
ject of Natural History was never 
wholly absent from his mind. What 
the result would have been it is idle 
to discuss, yet where was there a man 
better equipped by observation and 
love of Nature than Daniel Webster? 

One more quotation and 1 am done. 
Surely a man who in a letter to a 
friend describes one of the most sub- 
lime spectacles in the pageantry of 
Nature as Webster described Ni- 
agara Falls removes our doubts con- 
cerning his competency as an author. 
Nearly a century ago Mr. Webster, 
with Judge Story, visited Niagara 
and this is Mr. Webster's picture 
painting. 

"Water, vapor, foam, and the at- 
mosphere are all mixed up in sub- 
lime confusion. By our side, down 
comes this world of green and white 
waters, and pours into the invisible 
abyss. A steady, unvarying, low 
toned roar thunders incessantly upon 
our ears ; as we look up, we think 
some sudden disaster has opened the 
seas, and that all their floods are 
coming down upon us at once ; but we 
soon recollect that what we see is 
not a sudden or violent exhibition, 
but the permanent and uniform char- 
acter of the object which we contem- 
plate. There the grand spectacle lias 
stood for centuries, from the crea- 
tion even, as far as we know, with- 
out change. From the beginning it 
has shaken, as it now does, the earth 
and the air ; and its unvarying thun- 
der existed before there were human 
ears to hear it." 

The likeness which I have tried to 
present to you is of the man Webster, 
who interpreted the meaning of the 
sun, the moon, the stars, the restless 
ocean, the valleys, the hills, and the 
mountains, the brooks and rivers, the 
lakes here and everywhere, whose 
wonderful mind loved to contemplate 
the homely life of our ancestors and 
to invest their annals and legends 
with a living reality. I have spoken 
of Webster as one of us; not as a 



THE DANIEL WEBSTER HIGHWAY 237 

giant genius apart but as a New not a meaning-less name, and may we 

Hampshire man whose great nature not hope that Divine Providence per- 

overflowed with love for his native mils Webster's spirit to look clown 

State. And so may we not all agree moon us to-day with benign approval. 
thai the Daniel Webster Highway is 



LODESTARS. 

By Fanny Rminclls Poole. 

she 
Here where the Sea glows like an amber wine, 
Here let us rest, your head upon my knee ; 
Here where your eyes more softly-radiant shine, 
As if for love of me. 

Because so great a love hath made you wise, 

Perchance you know the secret of the Sea,- — • 
Some mystery that in her bosom lies, 
Which pray reveal to me! 

HE 

Greater than Love no mystery abides; 

But would you brave the deep beyond the bar. 
Fix not your faith upon the changing tides. 
But on your guiding 'star. 

Each heart must bear the joy and pain of life; 

Heaven grant us power to wrestle with the tides, 
And faith, above the peril and the strife, 
To find the star that guides 

And if my whole heart hath gone forth full fain 

To twin-lights in one angel-woman's brow, 
Guidance that should be Heaven's, do I in vain 
Entreat such guidance now ? 

she 

Forgive me, Love, that I have been too proud 

To own myself the recompense you prize. 
And as to lodestars, though a myriad crowd, 
Mine loner have been vour eves. 



<23tf 



PRE-REVOLUTIONARY LIFE AND THOUGHT 
IN A WESTERN NEW HAMPSHIRE TOWN. 

By George B. UpJiam. 



IV. 

A report made in 1771 by the So- 
ciety's Missionaries in Massa- 
chu setts and New Hampshire gives 
us an outside glimpse of (he paro- 
chial school in Claremont. It is to 
the effect that "Mr. Cole's School, 
lately established by the Society at 
Claremont, answers their expecta- 
tion. Tie has near 30 constant 
Scholars, besides some children of 
Dissenters/' (1) 

Of the next letter of the School- 
master wc have only the brief ab- 
stract in the Journal, Vol. 19, p. 
245. 

Meeting 15 May, 1772 

A Letter from Mr. Cole, Schoolmas- 
ter at Claremont, N. Hampshire, N. E. 
dated Nov'r 4, 1771 acquainting the So- 
ciet} 7 that there has been an addition to 
his school from the Dissenters and the 
whole number is now forty. 

In teaching' forty children, if he 
had nothing else to do, our aged 
schoolmaster must have been ex- 
ceeding busy; but Samuel Cole, 
Esquire was farmer as well as 
schoolmaster. This we learn from 
private marks of owners of cattle, 
sheep and swine, recorded in the 
Town Clerk's office in 1771. The 
"Salary of il5 per aim." had ap- 
parently proved insufficient to keep 
body and soul together. 

The day's work in chili Decem- 
ber began long before the light of 
day, by a candle's struggling rays 
emitted through holes punched in 
a sheet-iron cylinder, for such was 
the lantern of the period. The 

(1) See Historical Magazine (Morrisania, N. 
clergymen of the Church of Bngland at that time, 
Browne of Portsmouth and the Rev. Moses Badg 
Province. 

(2) The name Dartmouth College, in honor 
given in the charter grafted by Gov. John Wentv 
December 13ih, 1709. But as "Dr. Wheelock's S> 
a considerable time thereafter. 



early work done in this precarious 
light was the feeding and care of 
domestic animals. Then after 
shovelling paths, carrying and pil- 
ing the day's supply of wood by 
the home hearthstone, and a hasty 
breakfast in the kitchen, came the 
hurried tramp to the schoolhouse. 
There, with perhaps the aid of an 
older boy, more wood to be carried 
and piled and the lire started in the 
great stone fireplace against the com- 
ing of the children. Then, maybe, a 
path to be shovelled through the drift- 
ed snow. 

The children come in groups of 
twos and threes or more, with per- 
haps a frosted ear requiring immedi- 
ate attention. The little tots, with 
their well thumbed primers, place their 
low three-legged stools nearest the 
fire. The long plank benches are 
drawn up and quickly filled behind. 
Furthest from the fire, and where 
little of its friendly warmth reaches 
him, the kindly old schoomaster reads 
the morning prayer, hears and ex- 
plains answers in the Catechism ; and 
then three hours of earnest work 
broken only by a short recess. Faint 
hearts struggling with the alphabet 
and words of one syllable are to be 
encouraged ; those in various stages 
of the three R's, to be helped along; 
the spelling classes for the older boys 
and girls excite interest and emula- 
tion ; and then, perhaps, comes the 
teaching of a little Latin, Greek and 
mathematics to an older boy, ambi- 
tious to enter "Dr. Wheelock's School 
at Hanover."' 3) In the afternoon 

Y.) Vol. VII, Second Series, p. 3.">8. The only 
1771, in New Hampshire were the Rev. Arthur 
■r, Itinerant Missionary of the Society in this 

of Us benefactor Lord Dartmouth, had been 
orth, a'-ting in the name oft George the Third, 
hool at Hanover" it was known to many for 



PRE-REVOLUTIONA&Y LIFE AND THOUGHT 



m 



three hours more, much the same, 
ending with the singing class trying 
some old Christmas Carols, anticipa- 
tory of that festal day and Christ- 
mas Eve with its evergreens and 
many candles. As the children leave 
for home the childish trebles of the 
carol continue sounding 'neath na- 
tures beautiful cathedral, the tall, 
columnar, snow-laden pines. But the 
farmer-schoolmaster's labors are far 
from finished, for all the home chores 
of the morning must be repeated be- 
fore the old man's day's-work is done. 
The abstract of the next letter to 
the Society is short. (Journal, Vol. 
20, p. 96). Some information may, 
however, be gathered by reading be- 
tween the lines. 

Meeting IS March 1774 

A letter from Mr. Cole, Schoolmaster 
at Claremont, New Hampshire. May 26, 
1773 in which he writes that the people 
are impatient for the return of Mr. 
Cossit and have marie good progress in 
the building of their Church. The 
town increases. There are in it 78 
Ratables. in which is included 23 Con- 
formists. Some famlies border in prin- 
ciple upon the Seventh Day Baptists. 
The Dissenting Gentleman's Letters and 
Dclauns Plea, are industriously spread 
by the Dissenters notwithstanding which 
the Church of England encreases. 

The Mr. Cossit mentioned is the 
Rev. Raima Cossit who had been ap- 
pointed by the Society to the parishes 
of the Church of England at Haver- 
hill and Claremont. He was at the 
date of this letter at his home in 
Connecticut, or, perhaps, still on the 
long voyage ' back from England 
where he had been ordained by the 
Bishop of London. The words,, ."im- 
patient for the return of Mr. Cossit," 
indicate that he had been in Clare- 
mont before, which seems not unlike- 
ly for his brother, Ambrose . Cossit, 
was one of the early settlers. 

The statement in this letter of May 

26, 1773 that "the people '. 

have made ^ood progress in the build- 
ing of their Church" indicates that 
probably it was begun in 1772; for 



the difficulty of carrying on building 
operations in the winter, especially 
digging for foundations, and the al- 
most impassable condition of the 
roads in the spring, render it unlike- 
ly that much progress could have 
been made in the latter days of 
Mav, if the work had been begun in 
1773. 

"Ratable" is a term still used in 
England to designate a person hav- 
ing property sufficient to be assessed 
for taxes. 

The "Seventh Day Baptists" are 
distinguished from other Baptists 
mainly by the observance of the 
seventh day of the week. — Saturday, 
as their day of worship, instead of 
Sunday. They have the words of 
the fourth commandment to back 
them, and probably use the argument 
that Sunday, (the Sun's day,) was 
originally the title of a pagan holiday ; 
an argument somewhat weakened by 
the fact that the names of the six 
other days are also of pagan origin. 
The Puritans of the Bay Colony, un- 
der the leadership of the Rev. John 
Cotton, got over this difficulty by a 
compromise, making their holy day 
from Saturday evening to Sunday 
evening. 

"The Dissenting Gentleman's 
Letters," referred to as "industrious- 
ly spread." is in full title "The Dis- 
senting Gentleman's Letters and a 
Postscript in Answer to Mr. J. White 
on that Subject," signed "A. Dissen- 
ter," but known to have been written 
by one Micaiah Towgood. This 
book was published in numerous edi- 
tions in London, and in several in 
New England. The "Letters", — and 
those to which they reply, — are typi- 
cal of the dreary, yet pungent, con- 
troversies that theologians of the 
eighteenth century indulged and de- 
lighted in. Almost unintelligible to- 
day, their sole interest is in showing 
the indigestible nature of the intel- 
lectual pabulum our forefathers were 
expected to study and assimilate. 



240 



GRANITE MONTHLY 



"De Latino's Flea," also "industri- 
ously -spread," was likewise contro- 
versial. The full title is "A PLEA 
for the Non-Conformists; Shewing 
The true State of Their CASE." 
"By Thomas De Laune." The first 
edition was published in 1683. It 
was reprinted at least six times he- 
fore the vigorous Preface written for 
the edition of 1706 was added. This 
was contained in all of the many sub- 
sequent edit ions in England and 
America. Much of the argument of 
the "Plea" is so confused that it is 
impossible to follow it. We are, 
however, left in no doubt that the 
Reverend author disagreed with 
somebody about something. 

It may be suspected that the Pre- 
face, written by Daniel Defoe, author 
of "Robinson Crusoe," and the added 
"Narrative of the Sufferings" of 
De Laune in prison, were of far more 
effect than the 'Plea" itself. Defoe, 
himself an active dissenter, here be- 
labors the established church in lucid 
and lively style ; he also scores the 
dissenters for their parsimony in re- 
fusing to subscribe £66 to pay the 
fine, and procure the release of their 
champion from the prison in which 
he died for his belief, "in the Days of 
that Merciful Prince, 
the Second." 

Aside from the household of the 
schoolmaster, and the homes of those 
of the supposedly learned profes- 
sions, the books mentioned in the 
foregoing letters, together with a 
srooke-begrimed and tattered alman- 
ack hanging by the fireside, and pos- 
sibly a copy of The Pilgrim's Pro- 
gress or Paradise Lost, are about all 
in print that would have been found 
in the homes of the early settlers in 
Claremont, and of pre-Revolutionary 
settlers in nearly all of the smaller 
New Hampshire towns. The toil re- 
quired to gain shelter, fuel, food and 
clothing, — the care of domestic ani- 
mals included, — left little time for 
reading, even to those who were thus 

(3) See Historical Magazine, Vol. VII, New 



King Charles 



inclined. The quaint and often blur- 
red print of these old books rendered 
them not easy reading in the dim 
light of a pine knot or of a sputter- 
ing tallow candle. 

The next and last letter received 
by the Society in London from Mr. 
Cole is abstracted in its Journal, Vol. 
20, p. 351, as follows: 

-Meeting April 21, 1775 

A Letter from Mr. Cole, School- 
master at Claremont, N. Hampshire, 
dated Dec'b'r 26, 1774, apologizing for 
his not writing before on account of 
the difficulty of getting a letter trans- 
mitted to Boston. He has met with 
rough treatment from the Mob, having 
been threatened and seized, but was 
rescued by the friends of Government. 
The fury is little abated. He taught in 
his school last winter the usual number. 
The Selectmen of the Town have all 
signed the Solemn League and Cove- 
nant. He shall always serve the inter- 
ests of Learning and Loyalty to the ut- 
most of his power. 

If it was difficult to get a letter 
transmitted to Boston in 1774 how 
much more difficult must it have been 
after the fight at Lexington and Con- 
cord a few months later. 

An entry in the Society's Journal 
in 1776 records that "very few letters 
have been received from the Society's 
Missionaries in New England"; and 
in 1779, "The situation of affairs in 
these [New England] colonies hath 
cut off almost all correspondence 
with the Missionaries. " (3) This fact 
and the fact that Mr. Cole did not 
long survive the outbreak of the 
Revolution accounts for the failure 
of the Society to hear from him 
again. 

We may imagine something of the 
excitement in this sparsely settled 
frontier town when, months before 
the fight at Lexington and Concord, 
a kindly old gentleman who for five 
years had taught the children, at no 
cost to their pa rents, "met with 
rough treatment''' at the hands of the 
people, necessitating his "rescue by 
the friends of the Government," that 

Series, p. 359. 



PRE-REVOIXITIONARY LIFE AND THOUGHT 



24 i 



is, by the Loyalists. We may, how- 
ever, rejoice that the treatment of 
Mr. Cole and of oilier "friends of the 
Government" was no worse, and that 
New Hampshire was not disgraced 
by the cruelties so frequently per- 
petrated in Massachusetts at about 
this time. 

The "Solemn League and Cove- 
nant" which Mr. Cole tells us had 
been signed by all the Selectmen of 
Claremonf, ,4) it probably had also 
been signed by many others in the 
town, — had its origin in the Boston 
Committee of Correspondence and 
was promulgated in June, 1774. It 
was drafted by Joseph Warren, kill- 
ed at Ihmker Mill. It began : "We 

the subscribers Do in the 

Presence of God, Solemnly swear 
and in good faith Covenant and 
Agree, with each other" etc. It pro- 
vided for the suspension of all com- 
mercial intercourse with Great Brit- 
ain until the act blocking up lioston 
Harbor had been repealed. This 
was the "Bos! on Port Bill." closing 
the harbor until that town should 
pay for the tea thrown overboard, 
and the King should .be satisfied that 
thereafter the people would obey the 
laws. The subscribers to the Cove- 
nant agreed not to purchase or con- 
sume any goods, wares or merchan- 
dise which should arrive in America 
from Great Britain after August 
31st, 1774, and to break oft all com- 
merce and dealing with all who should 
continue to import goods from Great 
Britain, or should purchase from 
those who did so import, and finally- 
to purchase no articles of merchan- 
dise from those who have not signed 
this or a similar covenant. Copies 
of this document were circulated in 



the New England Provinces, and 
signed very generally in the Massa- 
chusetts towns, also to a considerable 
extent \n the adjoining Provinces. A 
Committee of Correspondence was 
organized at Portsmouth in June, 
1774, and the covenant, in a some- 
what modified form, was sent to all 
towns in New Hampshire with a let- 
ter requesting the "utmost Endeavors 
that the Subscription paper" be sign- 
ed by "all adult Persons of both 
Sexes as soon as possible." The 
principal modification was in except- 
ing from the prohibition of purchase 
"such articles as shall be adjudged 
absolutely necessary by the Ma- 
jority of the Signers hereof." 
That the document should have reach- 
ed small, recently settled towns in 
western New Hampshire attests the 
activity of the Committee which so 
soon had been organized in Ports- 
mouth, the town which, only four 
years before, had been in such dis- 
favor because some of its merchants 
had bought English goods. In Con- 
cord, N. H., the covenant was sign- 
ed, with the modifying clause, by 
seventy-three of its inhabitants. It 
closed with the following: "Lastly, 
We hereby further engage, that we 
will use every Method in our Power 
to Encourage and promote the Pro- 
duction of Manufactures among 
ourselves, that this Covenant and en- 
gagement may be as little detrimental 
to ourselves and Fellow Countrymen 
as possible. " ,5) 

The documents sent out from 
Portsmouth must have been carried 
by special messenger, for it was be- 
fore the days of Post-riders in the 
interior.* 60 Of what interest it would 
be had this messenger kept a diary 



(4) The Selectmen of Claremont in 1774 were Thomas Oustin, Matthias Stone and Stephen 
Higbee. 

(5) See Granite Monthly, Vol. 35, PP. 1S8-196. The Conor rd Covenant is the nriy or p rrt 
New Hampshire of which the original has been preserved. Not even a copy of any other has 
been found. 

(6> The House of Representatives at Fxeter, en Sapt. IS. 1770, "Voted. To establish a 
Post rider to ride -weekly from Exeter to Charleston (No. 4) and back again to carry letters 
to & from the Northern Army." A committee was at the same time appointed to determine 
the route and compensation to he paid. N. H. State Papers, Vol. 8. p. 3.i!h This was the first 
provision for a post rider in the interior. For later provisions, See N. H. Hist. Society Proceed- 
ings, Vol. 7, pp. I'll, 263; Granite Monthly, Vol. 52. p. 54; History of Amhersfe pp. 446-7. 



X 698875 



:>42 



GRANITE MONTHLY 



of the incidents of his journey; des- 
cribed the condition of the bridle 
paths; told where he had to look out 
for blaze-marks on the trees; noted 
the inns and farmhouses where he 
slept the night, or where his conch 
was under the stars in held, or forest ; 
and, most interesting of all, it he had 
written of his reception in the vil- 
lages, when he told of the ''Boston 
Port Bill," and explained the pur- 
pose of his mission. Had he done 
this his name, now unknown, would 
long he remembered in New Hamp- 
shire history. 

All drafts of the Covenant con- 
tained a reference to the ''Act for 
Blocking up the Harbour of Bos- 
ton." but in few places was the lan- 
guage quite so vigorous as in the 
town where it originated, which was 
natural since Boston was the chief 
sufferer. 

''On the first of June, 17/4 the block- 
ade was proclaimed, and the ruin and 
starvation of Boston at once began. 
The industry of a place which lived by 
building, sailing, freighting, and un- 
loading ships was annihilated in a single 
moment. The population which had 
fed itself from the sea, would now have 
to subsist on the bounty of others, con- 
veyed across great distances by a hasti- 
ly devised system of land-carriage in a 
district where the means of locomotion 
was unequal to such a burden. A city 
which conducted its internal communi- 
cations by boat almost as much as 
Venice, and quite as much as Stock- 
holm, was henceforward divided into as 
man}- isolated quarters as there were 
suburbs with salt or brackish water 
lying between them." (T > "The law 
was executed with a rigor that went be- 
yond the intentions of its authors. Not 
a scow could be manned by -oars to 
bring an ox, or a sheep, or a bundle of 
hay from the islands. All water carri- 
age from pier to pier, though but of 
lumber, or bricks, or lime, was strictly 
forbidden. The boats that plied be- 
tween Boston and Charlestown could 
not ferry a parcel of goods across 
Charles River; the fishermen of Mar- 
blchead, when they bestowed quintals of 
dried fish on the poor of Boston, were 

(7) Trevelyan's American Revolution, Vol. 

(8) Bancroft's Hist, of the United States, 

(9) Trevelyan's American Revolution, Vol. 
(10) -(11) See following page. 



obliged to transport their offerings in 
waggons by a circuit of thirty miles. 
The warehouses oi the thrifty merchants 
were at once made valueless; the cost- 
ly wharfs, which extended so far into 
the channel, and were so lately covered 
with the produce of the tropics and with 
English fabrics, were become solitary 
places; the harbor, which had resound- 
ed incessantly with the cheering voices 
of prosperous commerce, was now dis- 
turbed by no sounds but from British 
vessels of war."< Sl 

The King took "infinite satisfac- 
tion" in this work, for he hated Bos- 
ton, seeing red whenever he thought 
of it. "The capital of Massachu- 
setts, in the eyes of its Sovereign, 
was nothing better than a centre of 
vulgar sedition, bristling with Trees 
of Liberty and strewn with brick- 
bats and broken glass ; where his 
enemies went about clothed in home- 
spun, and his friends in tar and 
feathers."' 9 * The passage and en- 
forcement of the "Boston Port Bill" 
caused as much joy to George as it 
did indignation and suffering in the 
classic but insubordinate town which 
he was determined to subdue. Nev- 
er in history has the malice of an in- 
dividual had such wide reaching ef- 
fects. 

For further information respecting 
the first schoolmaster and happenings 
in Clare.mont before or at the begin- 
ning of the Revolution we must look 
elsewhere than in his correspondence 
with the Society in London. The 
records of Claremont reveal that at 
its fourth. Town Meeting, held at the 
house of Captain Benjamin Brooks (10) 
on March 12th, 1771, Samuel Cole, 
esquire was chosen Town Clerk, an 
office to which he was re-elected in 
1772 and \77?>. He had been ap 
pointed a Justice of the Peace, (11) an 
office of some distinction at the time, 
entitling him to be addressed as Es- 
quire. Originally in England the 
title Esquire ranked next in degree 
below that of Knight, being given to 

1, p. ISO. 

Vol. VII (7th eel.) p. 57. 
I, p. 10. 



FRE-REVOLUTIONARY LIFE AND THOUGHT 



243 



held in November, 1773, Samuel 
Cole, Esquire was appointed Clerk. 
This was the first meeting after the 
cornipg of the Rev. Ranna Cossit as 
rector. .-V coming which brings in- 
to the annals of a little settlement 
in the upper Connecticut River valley 
a story of intrigue, great risk and 
daring now buried in the vast ac- 
cumulation of unpublished manu- 
scripts in the archives of the British 
Museum. (I2) 



the eldest sons of Knights. Before 
the Revolution it was not in such gen- 
eral and misapplied use as later. In 
the several contemporaneous list's of 
early residents of Claremont this title 
was added to the name of Samuel 
Cole only, and to his name it was in- 
variably appended. Of military titles, 
Captains, Lieutenants, Sergeants and 
Ensigns, there were a plenty, but 
only one Esquire. 

At a meeting of the vestry of the 
Church of England in Claremont 

(10) In this house, on March Sth. 170^. way also held Claremont's first Town Meeting. 
See Waite's Hist, of Claremont, pp. 30, 31. The Brooks house was built on land now a part of 
the Upham homestead: farm, a few rods west from the Great Road and a short distance south 
from the woods skirting- the beautiful, deep ravine. This ravine is crossed by the Great Road 
about half a mile south from Lottery Bridge, at t,he foot of a steep pitch and higrh above an 
old stone culvert built when the road was built, probably in 17CS. Near- i* s the writer found a 
fine, old strap-hinge and some other iron work, probably hammered out by Benjamin Tyler or 
one of the blacksmiths in his employ. .A part of the Upham farm consists of Lot Xo. 4 and 
the greater part of Let No. 3. both being of the "First Division of Fifty Acre Lots" as shown 
and numbered on the "Proprietor's Map" of Claremont. drawn on a sheepskin in 17f>5 or 17GG. 
These lots were divided by th- literal drawing of lots by the original grantees of the town. We 
are enabled to fix the location of the Capt. Brooks house by 1 the language of a deed of Lot No. 
4, made by Ebenezar Rice to Beriah Murray. Shoemaker, dated July X, 17GS, describing it as 

"Butted on the North by the lot Capt. Benjamin Brooks now lives On South and Ea:.t on 

Highways." — .see Cheshire County Records, Vol. 4, p. 546. The highway on the east is the Great 
Koad, that on the south the branch leading west to the now Upham and Jarvis homes. The 
"Proprietors Map" shows Lot No. 3 adjoining Lot No. 4 on the north; that Capt Brooks owned 
it is shown by his deed of the entire lot to Levi Pardee "except one aero sold to. Benjamin 
Towner at the North east corner." — Cheshire County Records, Vol. t>. p. 10:>. Careful surveys 
show" that this acre was just north of the ra\ ii e and that the cellar hole of the Towner house 
is that near the Great Road and just south of the branch leading to the summer home of J. 
Duncan Upham. From this little house Benj. Towner Jr. was one of the first to shoulder his 
Bintlock and march away to join the Continental Army. Fifty years ago a then nearly .Hied 
depression showed the outlines of the large cellar of the Capt Brook; house at the place first 
above indicated. Capt. Brooks was a large landowner. 



an of considerable meant 



and 



his 



house, in 176S, probably the largest in the town. He was a loyalist 
consequent annoyances that he returned to his former home, in Ne< 
the beginning of the Revolution. His departure was a distinct Ioj 



nd so much disturbed by 
Haven, Conn., soon after 
to the town. The frame 



1 buildings' now 



for 



•rly 



of the Brooks house was probably used in some one of th 
standing on the Upham or Jarvis farms. 

(11) The office of Justice of the Peace is more ancient than the English Bible. In name 
it dates back to an Act of Parliament in the reign of Edward III; but in the substance of the 
office to the time of William the Conqueror, or perhaps even to the Roman age in England. 
•The whole Christian world," said Lord Coke, "hath not the like office as justice of the peac 
if duly executed,?' In Colonial days it was an office much less frequently bestowed than 
pres-nt, and to hold it was consequently more of an honor. 

(.12) Steps have been taken to procure from London copies of these ps 



at 



pertain 
the 




ified a concluding article will 



avy 



THE DANGER FACING NEW ENGLAND 



Rv En<in Jr. Hodsdon, M. /). 



| Editor's Note- — An article by Dr. E. 
YY. Hodsdor. of Mountainview, Ossipee, 
in the April issue of the Granite Monthly 

entitled "What oi New England's Fu- 
ture!" created much favorable criticism. 
because os the tearless expression of the 
writer's views and the courageous pre- 
sentation of a situation which threat- 
ens the future prosperity of New Eng- 
land in general and New Hampshire in 
particular. Numerous persons desired 
to hear from him again and he was in- 
duced to prepare a second article, which 
here appears. 

13 r. Hods don was educated at Dover 
High School, Phillips Exeter Academy 
and Washington University, St. Louis. 
He has served four terms in the New 
Hampshire Legislature, and has been 
medical referee of Carroll County for 
about 15 years. He has been selectman 
and town clerk, also, and is now post- 
master and a member of the school 
committee.] 

Why is New England decadent? 

What is the remedy for a situation 
which threatens to further lessen 
prosperity, happiness and content- 
ment ? 

No thoughtful, patriotic son of 
New England should fail to grasp 
that there is a deadly menace to this 
once favored section of the land in 
the far-flung, wide-spread, fallacious 
exploitation of the poisonous pro- 
poganda that "this is the time for 
easv money and extravagant living-." 

Everywhere should the tongues of 
men and the voices of nature pro- 
claim that, unless a remedy for New 
England's threatened danger is 
quickly put into effect, ruin- is likely 
to stalk throughout the region. 

We have at present our forsaken 
farms and deserted industrial vil- 
lages, by far too many, but they are 
as nothing compared to the desola- 
tion of deadly lethargy certain to en- 
compass energetic municipalities 
should the downward course of in- 
dustry persist — thriving towns and 
cities, which, despite adverse condi- 
tions, prevail in many parts of New- 
England today. 



I am not writing as an alarmist. 
{ dadly would I favor an eight-hour 
day and prompt payment of proper 
charges for all members of the medi- 
cal fraternity, but I maintain it 
would be no more unreasonable 



and 



improper 



fo 



me, as 



physician, to refuse to respond 
to the call of a patient fatally ill 
after the clocks struck the hour of 
4 p. m., than for the wage-earners 
in New England to insist that they 
shall no longer give more than eight 
hours of their daily time to keep sus- 
tained a decadent realm of industry 
oil whose prosperity depends their 
own welfare and that of many thous- 
ands of others. 

So, too, I firmly believe that in- 
dustrial employers must be gov- 
erned in their attitude relative to 
wages and hours wholly by economic 
conditions. When prices of manu- 
factured commodities were abnor- 
mally high, as during the World 
War, wages far above the usual 
scale were paid and weekly hours of 
employment were materially re- 
duced without lessened compensa- 
tion. With the resumption of the or- 
dinary business status and the return 
of millions of men to the paths of 
peace and the production of fabri-. 
cated merchandise, readjustment 
was essential, and readjustment 
means absolute obedience to the laws 
of healthy business and economic 
conditions and the dissipation of all 
extravagant, unreasonable and im- 
proper theories and notions. Now 
these laws cannot be lightly cast aside 
or resented in any community which 
would continue to provide comfort 
and good living for its inhabitants. 

It is lamentable and unfortunate 
that these economic laws will not per- 
mit the wearing of silk stockings and 
fur coats for adornment and at the 
same time provide comfortable 
conditions of living for the family 



THE DANGER FACING NEW ENGLAND 



245 



of an average wage-earner in New 
England. Neither do they provide 
the means for the possession and 
maintenance of an automobile by 
every wage-earner's family; yet, he 
who declares that the material wel- 
fare of wage-earners in New England 
has not been above that of the aver- 
age workers in this country and 
Canada knows not whereof he speaks. 
with wages higher and hours of 
labor lesser. 

"You cannot eat your cake and 
have it." That is an old-time aphor- 
ism. It is also one of the soundest 
economic laws ever enunciated. 

Compare the lot of the textile 
workers of Canada and the South 
with that of New England mill em- 
ployees. Consider the welfare of the 
boot and shoe workers of the West 
with that of the great Eastern centres 
of manufacturing like Lynn. Haver- 
hill, Manchester and Brockton. No 
one should question — no reasonable 
person does question — that in all cir- 
cumstances the situation of the New 
Englanders has been vastly superior. 

Can that situation continue? 

Not until the deadly menace creat- 
ed by the persistent propoganda of 
easy money and extravagant living is 
forever silenced and the remedy of 
frugality and the recognition of un- 
assailable economic conditions applied. 

Some years ago Mr. Lucius Tuttle, 
president of the Boston & Maine 
railroad, told me there was nothing in 
the way of prosperity for New Eng- 
land between lumbering and the de- 
velopment of manufacturing. .Before 
his death he noted the wide-spread cut- 
ting of timber, but he did not live to 
see the decline of industrial activity. 
What would he have said and thought 
could he have witnessed the driving 
away of manufacturing from New 
England ? 

This fertile and favored region is 
dependent upon its railroads for the 
maintenance of a semblance of its 
former prosperity. Yet, far-seeing 
men know that, unless the threatening 



danger is recognized and remedied, 
our present railroad systems cannot 
continue to exist. The railroads' un- 
fortunate situation is universally un- 
derstood and lamented, but how much 
worse will it be with a further falling 
off in manufacturing. 

There is not sufficient business in 
hauling freight to the seaboard, even 
with preferential rates, to make them 
prosperous. This line of traffic helps 
wonder fulh' in swelling the gross re- 
ceipts, it is true, but the railroads' con- 
tinued prosperity and the progress and 
development of the communities they 
serve must depend on the transporta- 
tion of raw material to the manufac- 
turing centres of New England and 
the distribution of the manufactured 
goods to the waiting markets of the 
nation and the world. 

If the South takes the raw cotton 
and fabricates textiles and the West 
absorbs hides from the stock yards 
and makes boots and shoes, what traf- 
fic will the railroads then have except 
to distribute in New England the al- 
most infinitesimal percentage required 
for consumption when the manufac- 
turing industries are still further less- 
ened ? 

What can New England do with its 
railroad systems in a still more pre- 
carious situation? 

Of what avail will it then be to in- 
sist on having 48 hours of labor a 
week, or silk stockings or fur coats. 

Consider the boot and shoe in- 
dustry. 

It does not flourish like the lilies in 
the field. 

In the memory of the present gen- 
eration practically all the boots and 
shoes used in the United States were 
made in New England, while millions 
of pairs were sent to Canada. 

In 1921 New England manufactur- 
ed only 37 per cent of the boots and 
shoes made in this country. 

The firm of which Former Gover- 
nor Rolland H. Spaulding is a partner 
produces, among other things, vast 
quantities of Fibre shoe counters. Two 



46 



GRANITE MONTHLY 



and three years ago two-thirds of the 

production oi the firm's New England 
mill was sent to factories of this sec- 
tion; to-day two-thirds of the produc- 
tion goes to western locations. 

The normal output of boots and 
slides in this country is approximately 
1,000,000 pairs a day. At present 
only about 500,000 pairs are complet- 
ed every 24 hours. Of this number, 
two western concerns, the Endicott- 
Johnson Company and the Internation- 
al Shoe Company, make about 235,000 
pairs, nearly one-half. 

A revival of business in this indus- 
try is anticipated, but it may be re- 
garded as certain that an amply pro- 
portional part will go to the western 
houses. 

Give a glance at affairs in Lynn 
and Haverhill, formerly among the 
world-famous shoe manufacturing 
centres. One of the leading busi- 
ness men of New Hampshire, a man 
of great wealth and marked ability, 
told me recently that, if he held any 
boot and shoe property in either of 
those cities, he would dispose of it 
immediately if anything approaching 
a fair offer could be received. 

Dwell for a moment on the matter 
of the New England textile industry, 
which, is of particularly vital interest 
to the people of New Hampshire. In 
order that there may be no sugges- 
ton of local prejudice, 1 am quoting 
an editorial from the Xcw York Her- 
ald, one of the admittedly great 
newspapers of the United States, en- 
titled "New England's Textile In- 
dustry." It follows: 

"The prolonged strike in the textile 
mills of New England has aroused 
Southern business promoters to seek 
supremacy in this great industry for 
the Southern States. Since their 
labor troubles began mill owners in 
Rhode Island, Massachusetts and 
New Hampshire have been fairly 
inundated with letters from Southern 
boards of trade, chambers of com- 
merce and. commercial organizations 
setting forth in general terms the ad- 



vantages of the cotton belt region 
over New England for manufactur- 
ing plants, and. in some instances, 
making tempting specific proposals. 

"The chaos into which labor trou- 
bles and abnormal market conditions 
have plunged the New England tex- 
tile industry has offered a promising 
field for this form of enterprise. 
That in this intelligent activity, and 
the causes underlying which make its 
opportunity, there is a menace to 
New England's continued leadership 
in an industry on which its pros- 
perity largely is dependent is a fact 
widely recognized. 

"As an offset to alarm created by 
this campaign it has been asserted 
that the Southern bid for mills is 
being used by New England manu- 
facturers to scare the public into sup- 
port of the mill owners' attitude to- 
ward labor. It has been declared 
that Southern mills are in reality the 
property of Northern owners and 
that the actual trouble is the result 
of the work of Northern owners who, 
by creating a low Southern wage 
scale, are trying to beat down the 
Northern mill pay to the same level. 

"In answer to this the New Eng- 
land mill owners have recently pre- 
sented statistics, as to the accuracy 
of which they invite inquiry, which 
show that one-half the cotton spin- 
dles in the country, roughly speak- 
ing, are now in the South. Of this 
number less than 3 per cent, are 
owned by Northern mills, while only 
8 per cent, are owned by Northern 
money. This means that about 89 
per cent, of all the Southern mills 
are owned and controlled by South- 
ern capital. 

"The arguments being pressed upon 
Northern mill owners to induce them 
to remove to the South, or at least to 
establish branches there, are allur- 
ing. They are supported by facts 
that are hardly open to question. 
Cheaper cotton, cheaper fuel, less fuel 
required, lower transportation costs, 
lower cost of living and consequent 



The danger facing new England 



247 



willingness of workers to accept 
lower wages — these are among the 
inducements offered fdr Northern 
consideration. Southern mill opera- 
tives, who are described as *100 per 
cent. American/ gladly work from 
fifty-four to sixty hours a week for 
25 per cent, less pay than New Eng- 
land operatives demand for from 
forty-eight to fifty- four hours. And 
the crowning argument of all is that 
the Southern operatives are free from 
the pernicious influence of the labor 
union politician. Strikes such as arc 
now paralyzing so many New Eng- 
land mills are economic factors that 
may be ignored in the South. 

"These are formidable arguments. 
How long strike ridden mill owners, 
with geographical and other handi- 
caps, can be deaf to them and keep 
on doing business at the old New 
England stands is a question which 
seems to be pressing rapidly to the 
front." 

To revert to the imminence of 
changing conditions and the wake of 
financial and development disaster 
which may be left in the path of 
events of like character, attention is 
called to an able and convincing, vet 
conservative, editorial which appear- 
ed in the Manchester Leader June 3 
last. Here it is : 

"Time was when iron ore was got 
in a swamp just below Mr. Gordon 
Woodbury's homestead and when 
the proprietor of a forge standing- 
just across Chandler brook opposite 
the Porter farm on the River Road 
in Bedford, offered to contract for 
all the cannon balls needed by the 
Continental army. Gilmanton Iron 
Works recalls in its very name the. 
old New Hampshire iron industry. 
Eranconia had a considerable iron 
plant. Sometimes we wonder wheth- 
er or not the men in these plants 
really grasped the idea that condi- 
tions were changing until they had 
completely changed and their indus- 
try was a thing of the past in this 
part of the country. The question 
is suggested by a similar one : Do we 



of to-day. in Manchester, grasp the 
change which is taking place under 
our eyes? 

- "Not so many years ago Manches- 
ter newspaper reporters went out 
once a year to report the "mill meet- 
ings." There were meetings of the 
Amoskeag, the Manchester, the 
Stark, the Amory, and the Langdon 
to "get." In those days, too, as fine 
a steam fire engine as ever pumped 
water was made here, and a locomo- 
tive of superior quality. All this has 
passed away. The Manchester Loco- 
motive Works held out for a long 
time, but in the end the American 
Locomotive Company bought it out, 
and both steam fire engine and loco- 
motive making went where they could 
be carried on economically. One by 
one the lesser textile concerns suc- 
cumbed to relentless economic laws, 
most of them being absorbed in and, 
in at least one instance, salvaged by 
the Amoskeag. The Stark was tak- 
en up into the American Cotton 
Duck. Now the Amoskeag stands 
alone in Manchester's last ditch fight 
to hold the textile industry. 

"Superior management, a work- 
ing force of highly skilled, indus- 
trious, temperamentally stable and 
home-building workers, and several 
other advantages, including that of 
the youth fulness of distant competi- 
tion, have combined to make it pos- 
sible for the Amoskeag and the city 
to grow and prosper in face of the 
very forces before which other in- 
dustrial concerns have been driven 
from the field. Now it absorbs the 
Stark, and the great corporation of 
which the latter was a part frankly 
gives up the fight and goes South 
where it already has large plants. 
The Amoskeag remains, elects to con- 
tinue the struggle, is making changes 
calculated to minimize its dependence 
upon prohibitively priced coal. But 
it has a fight on its hands. 

"Meanwhile the shoe industry has 
come and has grown. But it, too, is 
having its troubles. The old com- 
paratively easy going days are be- 



248 



GRANITE MONTHLY. 



hind us in both industries. South- 
ern competition is pressing hard on 
the textile industry, Middle Western 
conTpetition on the shoe industry. 
Manifestly, for both workers and 
management there is a struggle 
ahead, if these industries are to he. 
maintained in this part of the coun- 
try — not a struggle as between them- 
selves, but a struggle together 
against the economic pull which is 
drawing industries nearer and nearer 
to the source of supply of raw ma- 
terial. 

"It was a hopeless struggle in the 
case of the old iron industry. It was 
not hopeless for the locomotive and 
steam fire engine industry for a long 
time. Gradually, however, with the 
demand for heavier locomotives and 
for corresponding changes in plant, 
with the growth of might}' plants 
elsewhere and nearer the raw ma- 
terial sources, with the competition 
of quantity production, it became 
hopeless. It is nowhere nearly hope- 
less for the great New England tex- 
tile concerns as yet, and need not be- 
come hopeless if conditions other 
than those fixed by raw material are 
equalized. And legislation is steadi- 
ly tending towards their equalization, 
albeit the process is slow. But until 
legislation relating to hours, working 
conditions and child labor, does do 
this, there must be a real struggle 
for existence - a struggle, let us re- 
peat, not between management and 
workers, but between these together 
and the competing forces elsewhere." 

The loss of ship-building, due to 
changed conditions, was not felt in 
Manchester, but it was a serious 
blow to many other parts of New 
England. 

The problem must be met. 

If it is solved correctly the future 
of New England, with its manifold 
interests, is secure. Such a correct 
solution means the security of your 
homes and your property — if it is 
incorrect the desolation of your 
home is imminent. Every New Eng- 
lander's prosperity is at issue ; it is 



a case of common weal. 

Not by insistent determination can 
what is best he brought about. It is 
reported that the agent of a mill in 
Suncook, N. H., offered, if his em- 
ployees returned to work under a re- 
duced scale and 54 hours weekly 
labor, to abide by whatsoever result 
was arrived at when the strike ended. 
1 1 the strikers gained their point they 
would be paid any difference in wages 
and for the extra six hours weekly, 
dating from the time of return to 
work. In case the manufacturers' 
plan was accepted, they would have 
the advantage of continued employ- 
ment. There was no chance for the 
employees to lose, hut the proposition 
was rejected. 

The remedy? 

Hard work, frugality, a cessation 
of oppressive restrictive legislation, 
reasonable limitation of weekly work- 
ing hours in accordance with condi- 
tions which prevail in other manu- 
facturing sections that are in direct 
competition with New England, and 
recognition of the utter fallacy of 
the propaganda of "easy money and 
easy living." 

New England has suffered from 
our forefathers' lack of foresight in 
failing to recompense the soil, from 
the indiscriminate cutting off of our 
timber supply, from the ruthless 
destruction of game and from the 
devastation of the ocean's gifts. 
While production from these sources 
has decreased woefully, some measure 
of rehabilitation may be found by in- 
tensive cultivation of the soil, the fix- 
ing of timber reservations, the es- 
tablishment of game preserves . and 
protective laws and the rigid restric- 
tion of wasteful fisheries. 

Not so with our manufacturing in- 
dustry, however. 

Once the peak of progress is pass- 
ed and the downward course of retro- 
gression is thoroughly established the 
beginning of the end has come. 

Industry never will return and in- 
tensive cultivation will be of no avail. 



^«T 



RESISTLESS APPEAL OF NEW HAMPSHIRE 



By Ch 



S. TaMcv 



It has been my good fortune tc 
spend a part of even" summer of m\ 
life within the confines of Old Xev, 
Hampshire. I am familiar with ever) 
I love its so en- 



New Hampshire 



section or the state 

cry and its people. 
people regard their visitors as friends 
to he welcomed and not as pigeons to 
he plucked. 

The first few summers of my- life 
were passed in the little village of 
Bradford, at the foot of southern 
Kearsarge. It is a charming town. 
noted for its dignified homes, its 
open-hearted hospitality and its total 
absence from the thriftlessness which 
disgraces so many towns. No section 
of New Hampshire affords more 
abundant facilities for hunting and 
fishing than in the vicinity of Brad- 
ford. Black duck, partridges, rac- 
coons, dace, pickerel, trout, foxes, 
etc., make the Bradford woods and 
streams their rendezvous. 

1 later became a visitor to the 
beautiful Whittier country and still 
later knew the northern country 
when a student at Dartmouth. 

When the social whirl of the city 
winter becomes too frenzied, when 
the tired brain and the jaded nerves 
behind the desk need refreshing, 
when life in town seems narrow, 
crowded, oppressive, I like to go to 
New Hampshire. There the still 
air snaps and sparkles, the whip- 
cracks of the win'! stir to riot the 
strengthening pulse beats. 

I am firmly convinced that one has 
missed a height of human pleasure 
who has never coasted down a New 
Hampshire hill — and climbed its 
steep incline again— with a merry 
party under the light of the full 
moon; -who has never heard the cling 
of the steel skate blade on the frozen 
bosom of the lake or riser; who has 



never donned the snowshoes, our 
Indian inheritance. In place of the 
exquisite green of the spring birth, the 
fuller bloom of mid-summer, or the 
georgeous reds of autumn, we have 
winter's white of wonderful witch- 
ery, of gleaming, glittering beauty. 

I cannot boast New Hampshire 
ancestors. The vicinity of Salem is 
my ancestral home. Every summer 
3 yearn for the New Hampshire 
hills, I am proud that Massachusetts 
has a New Hampshire son as gover- 
nor, especially such a governor as 
Channing II . Cox. 

Fortunate are they whose leisure 
permits them to linger among the 
hills of New Hampshire through the 
dream)" Indian summer of October, 
and watch the flush of autumn deep- 
en over the forests. The climate ib 
then at its best. The days, if ever, 
are perfect. The hillsides, ablaze with 
crimson and gold, mirror their glories 
in the motionless lakes. 

The majesty of the mountains, the 
beauty of the lakes, the charm of the 
seacoast. 

So much of sh.ee r beauty is crowd- 
ed into this remarkable state that one 
gazes about with a quick indrawing 
of breath — scarce believing that his 
eyes have served him aright. 

Against a back-ground of towering 
mountains, deep masses of purple 
shadows, crowned with the pure 
white of everlasting snows, shines 
forth the startling beauty of New 
Hampshire, a beaut}' so clear, so nat- 
ural, so delightful that there is no 
resisting it. 

Whittier wrote, 

"Touched by a light that hath no name, 

A glory never sung, 
Aloft on sky and mountain wall 

Are God's great pictures hung." 



■As-o 



NEW HAMPSHIRE DAY BY DAY 



\\ hat is so rare as a fair day in 
June was the 1922 version of James 
Russell Lowell's famous line as ren- 
dered by the thousands of alumni, 
alumnae, graduates, undergraduates, 
parents and friends who attended 
Commencement at New Hampshire's 
colleges and schools during last 
month. However, this inopportune 



Dartmouth College graduated a 
class of 233 and New Hampshire 
College, one of 122. At Durham 
honorary degrees of Doctor of Laws 
were conferred upon Governor Al- 
bert C). Brown, President Ernest M. 
Hopkins of Dartmouth, Judge 
George H. Bingham of Manchester, 
Chairman James O. Lvford of the 






President Guy \Y. Cox of the Dartmouth Alumni Association, 



display of the vagaries of New Eng- 
land weather did not reduce the 
quantity or quality of the graduating 
classes: prevent the attendance of 
any of the recipients of honorary 
degrees; or otherwise detract from 
the more serious and essential feat- 
ures which attend the close of the 
educational year. 



state hank commission and Clarence 
E. Carr of Andover. Prof. Her- 
bert F. Moore of Northwestern Uni- 
versity, a distinguished alumnus and 
native of New Hampshire, was made 
a Doctor of Science, and the degree 
of Master of Arts was given Mrs. 
Alice S. Harriman of Laconia, mem- 
ber of the state board of education 



NEW H/Mi'SH IRE] DAT ,RY. DAY 



and past president; of the; State Fedi 
cr.ar.if.>!), of Woman's -.Clubs,- .-: - 

Ifrfe distinguishes] list of recipients 
of; honorary degrees at Dartmouth 
included Secretary':! of .the Treasury 
Andrew W. Mellon. I,L. D.; Prof: 
Henry WL Riissell of Princeton and 
Gen, George i r h Squier, Doctor of 
Science; Mrs. Dorothy Can field Fish- 
er and Robert Lincoln O'Brien of the 
Boston.; Herald, ■ .Doctor ojf Letters;;: 
Rev, John T. Dallas of Hanover, Rev, 
Charles C. '.Merrill of Chicago and 
President Benjamin ,T. Marshall of 
Connecticut College for Women. Doc- 
tor of Divinity ; : . Harry Chandler, 
native .of .-New Hampshire and pub- 
lisher,: .of the Los .Angeles Times, Su- 
perintendent William F. Geiger of the 
Tacoma.. Washington, public schools 
and Ptindoali Charles At; Tracy of 
Kimball -Union Academy, Master of 
Arts.. \\ • 

; .,-.. New ; J lamj >s] lire was honore d at 
Hanover in that both- the ; retiring and 
the .incoming president of the Dart- 
.mouth Alumni .Association were of 
Granite State connection. Merrill 
Shurtlei". .'92. of Lancaster, presided 
gracefully over , the annual Com- 
mencement Day .dinner, and the 
-choree was announced, as his success- 
or, of, Guy Wilbur Cox. '93, ; born in 
Manchester, ■; January 19, - 1871, . the 
Som pf Charles , E. and Evelyn M. 
(.Randall) Cox and the brother of 
Walter • R. Cox, the famous horse- 
man, jftdge Louis. . S. Cox of the 
-Massachusetts : . Supreme Court and 
Governor . Channhig H. Cox of the 
■Bay ,- State. " President Cox -was the 
valedictorian, of, his Dartmouth class 
arid its- most,, talented,, musician as 
yvell ..as, mathematician,, die subse- 
quently graduated . magna cum iaii.de 
,-frqnythe Boston Law School and has 
•been highly successful in the practice 
,qf his profession in Boston for, a 
quarter, of ; a century, being a ' mem- 
_ber,- ; of . -thef ; Turn of Butler, . . Cox . & 
[Murchie. ?rr \ He. was a member- of 
the Boston city council in 1902 ; of 
;tlie state house ..of . ^representatives in 



1003:4;. of the state : senate in, 1906-7 
and i)i the, constitutional convention 
in, -10J 7- 18. in this last body he was 
chairman .of the important commit- 
tee on [taxation as he had been pre- 
viously in the senate. He was chair- 
main of the Massachusetts tax com- 
mission in 190? and was recently the 
head of the like committee of the Bos- 
ton Chamber of Commerce. 



r The i Xew .Hampshire Farm Bu- 
reau Federation issued recently the 
following statement upon taxation : 
:.From ,1910 to 1920 the taxes- col- 
lected in tpwns and tin -incorporated 
places, increased .by 142%, and the 
valuation increased 100 per cent. The 
average rate of taxation went from 
$1.60. in -1911 to over $2.38 in 1920. 
The majority of the farming commu- 
nities : pay more than the average rate. 
., Realizing these facts, the Xew 
.Hampshire Farm Bureau Federa- 
tion has made an investigation of tax 
conditions, covering the last ten. years. 
The Committee formed for this pur- 
pose under the chairmanship of - Ex- 
Governor Robert P. Bass, and in- 
cluding Ex-Congressman Raymond 
B.:, Stevens,; and Frank; II.- Pearson, 
has submitted a preliminary report, a 
summary of which is here given. 

The Special Tax .... Commission, 
authorized . by the Legislature - of 
J 907., found that real estate was 
valued at about 70 per cent, livestock 
at 55 per cent, stocks, in trade at 55 
per cent, industrial and mercantile 
corporations at 34%, timberlands at 
about 30 per cent, while nine-tenths 
of money and taxable securities es- 
caped' entirely. Railroads were then 
assessed at. barely more than 1-3 of 
the, market value of their securities 
apportioned to New Hampshire and 
about 40 per cent of .a valuation 
reached by capitalizing, their, earn- 
'ingsat 5. per cent.. , , .-■ 

... This led The Legislature" of" 1911 
to create the present Tax Commis- 
sion chiefly for the purpose of recti- 
fying' these' inequalities . which obvi- 



THE GRANITE MONTHLY 



ously placed an tin fair burden on the_ 
farmer and small householder. 

From I91Q to 1920 the total valua- 
tion of all taxable property in the 
state, except savings bank deposits, 
increased about 92 per cent, whereas 
property locally assessed in cities and 
towns increased 100 per cent. 

Lands and buildings, found in 190S 
to be the most highly assessed, in- 
creased 85 per cent in valuation. 
Livestock, from 1910 to 1920. in- 
creased per head, by various percent- 
ages ; cows, 16 r > per cent. Vet in 
1908 livestock was second in its high 
rate of valuation as compared with 
other classes. These should be com- 
pared with the average of all prop- 
erty, 92%. Such increases seem en- 
tirely disproportionate and unfair 
when compared to some other classes. 

Real estate in general was in 1908 
assessed at about 70% of true value, 
while timberlands were then assessed 
at about 30%. A studf of repre- 
sentative woodlots in southern and 
central Xew Hampshire, made by 
John H. Foster, now State Forester, 
showed average increases in assessed 
valuation of 161.7 per cent from 
1908 to 1914, bringing them in that 
year to about 75% of actual value. 
These tax values have been largely 
increased since 1914. 

During the period, 1^10-1920, the 
average tax value per acre, in un- 
incorporated places increased 143%. 
If that were all that had happened, 
the tax valuation would have risen 
from 30% of the true value,- to 737? 
of the true value. But in the mean- 
time the market value had greatly 
risen. The increase in tax value of 
wild lands has only kept pace with 
the phenomenal increase in pulpwood 
value. The disparity which existed 
in 1908 between these timberlands 
and ordinary lands and buildings, 
(30 to 70) Iras not been equalized, 
and those classes which have been 
brought fully or nearly to actual value 
are still bearing a disproportionate 
share of the entire tax burden, and 



besides that, paid in 1920 on a $2.38 
average rate, while Un-incorporated 
places paid on a $.48 average rate. 

The Committee believes we need a 
new scheme of timber taxation. So 
long, however, as we continue the pre- 
sent tax system, it should be impartial- 
ly and equally enforced in respect to 
all classes of property'. 

From 1910 to 1912 the increase in 
the valuation of public utilities was 
equal and proportionate to all other 
property. Since 1912, other property 
has shown a steady increase, while 
the valuation of public utilities has 
shown a marked decrease. 

Except for the Manchester utilities 
which seem to be assessed at full 
value, the valuation fixed by the 
Public Service Commission, is gener- 
ally marked higher than, and in some 
cases double, the assessed valuation. 

From 1911 to 1920, the assessed 
valuation of the railroads dropped 
from $59,876,000 to $45,935,800. 
The Interstate Commerce Commission 
has recently announced a tentative 
valuation of the steam railroads in 
Xew Hampshire as of Time 30, 1913. 
placing it at $61,000,000, to which 
must be added the portion of their 
equipment properly assignable to New 
Hampshire, thus bringing their total 
value to about $70,000,000. In 1912, 
the United States Census valued these 
properties at $76,000,000. The tax 
valuation in 1913 was $44, 520,000. 

It may be contrary to the public 
interest to increase railroad taxes just 
now. But it is equally important that 
the resulting loss of public revenue 
should not be made up by increasing 
the burden of property already fully 
taxed and no better able to bear it 
than the railroads. This applies to 
farm property, whose tax valuation 
has steadily gone up, instead of 
down ; and yet farm mortgages in 
New Hampshire have in ten years, 
increased 2 per cent., while the num- 
ber of operated farms has decreased 
24 per cent. 

Equalizing of taxation depends not 



NEW HAMPSHIRE DAY BY DAY 



253 



only on equal valuation, but also on 
not allowing anv property to escape. 
In 1920 more than ' $20,000,000 of 
industrial property was exempted. 

Intangibles. Although other in- 
ventoried property increased 100 per 
cent in ten years, this class was in 
1920- only slightly greater than in 
1910. The amount of intangible pro- 
perty in the State has been repeated- 
ly estimated by officials and students 
of our tax system, at several hundred 
million dollars. Only a minute 
fraction pays any tax whatever. The 
man who own a farm or who owns 
his home and works for wages, pays 
a heavy tax, while the man who de- 
rives his income from intangible pro- 
perty contributes little to the cost of 
the Government. An equitable tax 
on intangibles would give substantial 
relief to those kinds of property which 
are now fully taxed. 

Deposits in Savings Banks is one 
class of intangible property (amount- 
ing in 1920 to $142,000,000), which 
has continuously paid a substant- 
ial tax. They represent the hard- 
earned accumulations of people of 
small and moderate means. The 



average deposit is less than $500. In 
the case of a 4 per cent, bank, the 
tax equals an income tax of 15 per 
cent. There is no justice in collect- 
ing such a high tax on small savings, 
while big investors are for the most 
part allowed to escape all taxation. 

Stock in trade of merchants and 
mills and machinery were assessed in 
1908 at 55 per cent and 34 per cent 
respectively of true values. By 1920 
the valuation of these classes were in- 
creased about 200 per cent. In spite 
of this increase, there still exists 
serious undervaluations in the opinion 
of the present Tax Commission- 
Farms and the ordinary home 
are still heavily overtaxed in propor- 
tion to other property. The condition 
is serious, both to individual and the 
State. The important industry of 
farming has shown a serious decline. 
A change in our tax system can only 
come as a result of general public 
understanding. There should be a 
campaign of public education. The 
Farm Bureau should prepare a con- 
structive program for action by the 
next Legislature. 



THE WHITE FLOWER. 

By Alice Sargent Krikorian. 

I wandered lone upon the desert strand, 
And found a flower white upon the sand, 
"Mine, mine thou art" J said, "e'en from this hour," 
I knew not then, 'twas Love that was the flower. 



Gone is the flower from the desert place 
The heated winds are blowing on my face 
But yet the desert is not wholly bare, 
The perfume of the flower lingers there. 



:^?s-v 



i 



EDITORIAL 



We hope there is foundation in 
truth For the rumor that former 
Governors Rblland H. Spaiilding; 
Robert P. Bass and Samuel I). Feik- 
er, former Congressman Raymond B. 
Stevens, former State Senator John 
G. Winant and: other men qi promi- 
nence in state affairs will, become can- 
didates for the House of Representa- 
tives in the New Hampshire Legisla- 
ture of 1923. . Every man who is 
Chief Executive of the state for two 
years gains thereby experience and 
knowledge of great value, to the com- 
monwealth, but which in the past has 
very rarely been made of such use as 
it ;might be. • . 

In recent years retiring Governors 
have sent messages to incoming Leg- 
slatures which contained recom- 
mendations and suggestions based up- 
on facts, not theories, which the new 
law-makers would have clone well to 
heed. But it. is the Chief Executive 
just inaugurated, not the one giving 
up the chair at the head of the table, 
who has the greater, influence in 
molding legislation. From most as- 
pects this situation is right, just and 
desirable. It does, however, retard 
the continuous onward march of the 
state because of a lack- -nf: mutuaLum 
derstanding between the executive 
and legislative brandies of the govern- 
ment as to the point of development 
which has been reached in state af- 
fairs, what the next steps should be 
and how they should be taken. •' 

The larger the number of members 
of the lower house who have had 
previous experience in higher posi- 
tions, the broader its view will be and 
the greater the likelihood - of early 
and . effective co-operation -with 
the new leader of the state. 

A conspicuous national instance of 
such service comes at once to mind in 
the case of John Quincy Adams of 



Massachusetts; .who;- as an ex -Presi- 
dent t of -the .United States, was a 
very influential and 'useful member' of 
Congress until his death. , . 

Of former . Governors , of, X'ew 
Hampshire now alive enily two, Hon. 
Xahum. J . Bachelder . of , East Air lov- 
er and Hon: Hemw B. Quinby , of 
Lakeport, are enjoying the leisure of 
well-earned retirement,,; .Others, who 
are ; active, but not eligible for service 
in [the New. .Hampshire Legislature 
because; of .other engagements, are 
United. States* Senator Henry, | \Y;. 
Keyes,-. Firs.t; A ssistant , : Postmaster 
General jol in : II . Bartlett , and , Chfdtr 
man , Charles, M. : Floyd, of : the TSew 
I Hampshire State Tax, . Commission. 
Governor All >ert ; O. , Brown, .who will 
.be an "ex", after the. convening of 
the next" General . .-,- Court, .- doubt- 
Jess _.. will. give, .that body . j as m jich 
benefit ; . from ..his , experience \gi two 
years as., can ;be contained ii] a vale- 
dictory; address, , -but sit,, w.ould, ..be of 
very great benefit to the ^state, if his 
services .couki be. .further ,enli steely in 
.s ; ome way for such, important tasks as 
the preparation of the budget bills 
and the revision of the tax laws. 

With our very large Legislature 
had -our . insistence upon rotation in 
office. New Hampshire comes nearer 
than any 'Other state in the Union 
to giving all of its citizens a direct 
; share [ in the state 1 government. This 
approaches- -one! of the ideals of de- 
mocracy and; has both <a -theoretic and 
an ; actual-' value An advancing inter- 
est in, and knowledge of, public af- 
fairs, among the mass of the body 
politic. -But' it also* has iits manifest 
disadvantages and I some- of these can 
be '• overcome -- of> --alleviated by the 
leavening of the legislative mass with 
the experience, good sense and for- 
ward look of such men as those 
named above. 



-2-s-s- 



BOOKS OF NEW HAMPSHIRE INTEREST 



Mr. Brookes More, whose friendly 
interest in the Granite Monthly is 
reciprocated, we feel sure, by all its 
readers, is engaged in the interest- 
ing and congenial work of turning 
Ovid's Metamorphoses into English 
blank verse. The Cornhill Publish- 
ing Company, Boston, issues in at- 
tractive form the first fruit of these 
labors, Book I, including "The 
Creation," "The Four Ages,'' 
"Giants," "Lvcaon Changed to a 
Wolf," "The 'Deluge." "The Py- 
thian Games," "Daphne and Phoe- 
bus" and 'To and Jupiter." This 
neat volume is listed at $1.25 and is 
to be followed by a larger edition, now 
in process of preparation, which will 
include the first five books and will 
be published at $3.50. Mr. Fred- 
erick Allison Tupper, in a brief, but 
appreciative introduction, predicts 
that Mr. More's work will become 
"the standard translation of Ovid 
for the English-speaking world," 
because in it "the unparallelled feli- 
city of expression and the matchless 
fluency of the classic poet find in 
Mr. More an interpreter so compet- 
ent, so loval and so felicitous." 



So-called vital problems of gov- 
ernment are sadly plenty, just now, 
not only across the water, but in our 
own country. Some of these troub- 
les may be bogies, without founda- 
tion or substance ; but some of them 
are not; and one of those which we 
are sure is not is the question of 
what to do with and for our rail- 
roads, The governors of all the 
New England states are so sure 
that this is a real problem of imme- 
diate insistence that they have ap- 
pointed special commissions to co- 
operate in trying to work out ;a 
special plan for the transportation 
and traffic salvation of this corner 
of the nation; and Governor Brown 
of New Hampshire has succeeded 



in securing for our contribution to 
this conference the valuable services 
of Lester F. Thurber of Nashua. 
Arthur II. Hale of Manchester, Ben- 
jamin W. Couch of Concord. Clar- 
ence E. Carr of Andover and Prof- 
essor James P. Richardson of Han- 
over. Doubtless all of these gent- 
lemen and the other members of the 
coming conference as well, have 
read a book published by Charles 
Scribner's Sons, New York, this 
year, at $2.75, entitled "Railroads 
and Government, their relations 
in the United States. 1910-1921." 
But if any of these conferees or any 
other person who wishes to be well 
posted on the railroad problem has 
missed this volume the lack should 
be remedied at once, for it gives 
the best back ground possible 
for a constructive study of the 
future of our transportation machin- 
ery. It is easy to read and to 
understand, yet it is thoughtful, 
thorough, and complete. It is 
straightforward and plainspoken, and 
yet it seems to us fair to all con- 
cerned. The author, Frank H. Dix- 
on, now professor of economics at 
Princeton University, held a similar 
position at Dartmouth College for 20 
years. He knows whereof he writes 
and if what he lias written is a text- 
book, it is one which should be studied 
in every business office as well as in 
every class room. 



The tragic note in "Dancers in 
the Dark," one of the most talked 
about books of the year, is furnish- 
ed by Sarah, who was the first 
Woman of the World Joy Nelson 
ever had known ; but who, Joy 
found out later when she learned to 
call her Sal, came "from a little 
New Hampshire town, was the vil- 
lage belle, wore spit curls, rhine- 
stone combs and ail that sort of 
things till some underdone Dart- 



convincing 
H. Derail 


background. 
Company, 


The 
New 


George 
York, 


publishes 
at $1.75. 


"Dancers in 


the 


Dark" 



256 THE GRANITE MONTHLY 

mouth freshman took her to Win- it save to say that we hope her next 

ter Carnival and she saw she'd story will have a less lurid and more 

found her lifework." What that 

ii rework .was Miss Dorothy Speare, 

who is, we think, one of our Lake 

Winnepesaukee summer residents, 

describes very frankly, giving a word 

painting of our younger generation n^i at ,- i t i ai at m- 

1 . . *». % . <■ \ ^ nci < Mary by lsia May Mulhns 

taking the easy crescent to A vermis ,]»„•> r> , 4 '. ei 7C\ • i 

. . fo , 4 .-, • , . , (J age. boston, .S1./5) is announced 

with a cocktail m one nana and a ^_ .. „ . , i ,- , A „ , 

' ' . .i ,, , t ■ , as a novel for young or old. and 

cigarette m the other that is al- ii in « - i ,i ,* u t 

& -. , , . , r , . • . . . those in both classes who have en- 
most shocking. 1 hat it isn t quite • ,. * +1 „ t nU , . f 

, fe i joyed the half dozen stories from 

so is because we know so manv .." , „, f i > , . r t 

,, , i ii ... - tli s author s pen previously pubhsh- 
college bovs and college girls who , a \n i i i 
. b ^ , - L . ,. .*? fc , eel will welcome her new work. 
do not bear the slightest resetnb- - r -. ,11 1 .1 
. T k c ? '-f ' 1 t- v - those who have made the acquain- 
tance to errv and Sal and relicie, , . r un 1 ■> r •» v c -n 
r> , * -. «,• . , , T , tance 01 Uncle Mary before. will 
to i ackv and 1 wnikv and l.)um. • * , , . . . ., ,- , ,,. 

, , 1 • 1 '.1 1 . be glad to hear that her wedding, 

and because we think the latter are ■ T ,^ , , ., , , , . & 

, . . . . - m the next to the last chapter, was 

very much 111 the niinontv in spite ««<i,„ u* „*<>,*+ 1 • <i < c r 1 1 

1 i n.rrc Intil Sutit 

of the tremendous amount of publi- 
city given the foolish "dappers" and 
their kind. Miss Speare writes 
well. She has created one charact- The St. Bot.olph Society, 53 Bea- 

er, "Jerry" that will stay in the con Street, Boston, has issued a 

mind longer than most figures of new edition of "Omar the Tentmak- 

modern fiction. Her descriptions of er," the historical romance by 

Bohemian Boston are almost dupli- Nathan Haskell Dole first published 

cated by newspaper reports of re- in 1898. When one thinks how few 

cent investigations by coroners and of the thousand books that saw the 

detectives at the Hub. So we can I'ght in that year still retain life, 

not take many exceptions to either the evidence of the merit in Mr. 

her material or her manner of using Dole's story is realized. 



'the biggest doings that Sunn eld 
ever saw." 



DAY DREAMS. 

By Sarah Jackson. 



In summer when the sky is bright 
The sea pounds up with all its might 
Upon the beach of beaten sand. 
As if it quarreled with the land. 

I seem to hear it hiss and roar 
As if to scare the helpless shore, 
But after all is said and done 
The quiet shore has really won, 



POEMS 257 

STORMS. 

By Ruth Bassctt. 

I've listened to the wind to-night and heard the rain- 
drops tear 
Against the window where I sat and leave a message 
there ; 

While thro' the howling of the storm, the church-bells 
called to prayer. 

And this I prayed — that should von hear, wherever 
you may be — 
The sobbing of the wind to-night, so wild and mourn- 
fully— 

It is ni) own voice calling you to hasten back to me. 

The anas of night are my two arms reached out across 

the years; 
You'll find the dark enfolding you with trembling 

hopes and fears ; 
And feel the rain against your face and know it is my 

tears. 



THE TEAR THAT SAYS GOOD-BY. 

By Frank R. Bagley. 

Child of emotion, without taint of passion, leagued 

with the heart alway. 
Ever on edge when sentiment's in action where purity's 

the order of the day. 
Responsive never to a pang that cheapens; quick to 

arise, leap forth and brim the eye 
When the heart calls, then the tear falls, — the tear that 

says good-by. 

O symbol of the best that lies within us, born of a heart- 
throb when a loved-one's dying! 

The last, long kiss, and then the pure drop welling, — 
the overflow of grief too deep for sighing. 

The love of Christ himself is in thy making, the purity 
of angels hovering nigh, 

When from a chamber of the soul thou stealest, 

O loyal, yearning tear that says good-by ! 



258 THE GRANITE MONTHLY 

TO A HAMADRYAD. 

'By Walter B. IVo'fe. 

Since none will listen to my verses 

I shall garland the slender birch tree 

Standing at the edge of the meadow 

With a crown of flowers and fillets of wool 

And -sing' my merriest songs 

To the smiling hamadryad 

Whose laughter I have heard often 

In the high green branches. . . . 



SUMMER TIME. 

Mary E. Partridge. 

Butterflies, Roses, and Sunshine, 

BrooUets that sparkle and flow 
Birds in the treetops are singing. 
Meadows are all a-blow. 

Dew drops a-quiver on. clover, 

Swallows are circling the sky, 

Fairies and fireflies are dancing 
Wherever the moonbeams lie. 

Summertime, Summertime's coming, 
Murmuring of insect and bee. 

Softlv the south wind is bringing 
Its message to you and me. 



AS A TIEL TREE AND AN OAK. 

(Isaiah— 6:13)' 

By Eleanor Kenley Bacon. 

Lord, as a tiel tree and an oak 
Whose substance is in them — Invoke 
In me the perennial power to cast 
Off useless leaves that clog my past — 
And let me stand unfettered, free 
My future dedicate to Thee. 

Give me the guerdon best on earth 
That lovely lucre, inward worth, 
Heaven's currency ! The only gold 
That man in innocence can hold. 
And let me spend my spirit's hoard 
Only to magnify thec, Lord. 



c2^f 



NEW HAMPSHIRE NECROLOGY 



SAMUEL E. PINGREE. 

Samuel Everett Pingree, in whose re- 
markable life and record New Hamp- 
shire and Vermont took equal pride, was 
born in Salisbury, August 2, 1S32. the 
son of Stephen and Judith (True) Pin- 
gree. He graduated from Dartmouth 
college in 1857\and was the permanent 
secretary of his class. He was admitted 
to the Vermont bar in 1859, settled in 
Hartford, Yt., in I860, and there resided 
until his death, June 1. He was town 
clerk throughout his residence in Hart- 
ford except for the time spent in the 
army during the Civil War, for which 
he enlisted as a private on the call of 
President Lincoln in Company F, Third 



The late Governor S. E. Pixgree. 

Regiment, Vermont Volunteers. He was 
promoted to lieutenant, captain, rhajur 
and lieutenant colonel. On April 15, 
1862, at Lees Mills, Va., he led his company 
across a deep and wide creek and drove 
the enemy out of the rifle pits, which were 
within two yards of the farther bank 
keeping at the head of his men until he had 
received two severe wounds. He was sent 
to the hospital in Philadelphia, but rejoined 
his command as soon as permitted. For 
his gallantry in that fight he was given the 
Congressional medal of honor. On his re- 
turn to civil life, in July 1864, Colonel 
Pingree resumed the practice of law, and 
uioji pDAJOsl866 to 1869 as State's attor- 



ney for Windsor County. He also raised 
the 8th Keginient of Vermont, organized 
militia, and was continued- as its colonel 
until it was disbanded. He was always 
a Republican, although not very active 
until, in 1868, he was chosen as a delegate- 
at- large to the National convention at 
Chicago which nominated General U. S. 
Grant for his first term as President. In 
1882 Col. Pingree was elected Lieutenant 
Governor, and in 1884 he was chosen Gov- 
ernor by the largest vote ever given to 
any candidate for that office up to that 
time. At the end of his term, in 1886, he 
was appointed to the newly created office 
of chairman of the State Railway Com- 
mission, a position which he held eight 
years, retiring in 1894. He was an en- 
thusiastic member of the Grand Army of 
the Republic, and was one of the f uuders 
of the Reunion Society of the Vermont 
Officers of the Civil War, and its president 
for a long term of years. 

September 15. 1859, he was married to 
Miss Lydia M. Steele of Stanstead, P. Q., 
by whom he is survived, with one son, 
William S. He was a member of the 
Delta Kappa Epsilon fraternity and of Phi 
Eeta Kappa. 



JOHN QUINCY ADAMS. 

John Quincy Adams was born in Dublin, 
October 18, 1827, and died in Peterborough, 
March 22, 1922. His education was gain- 
ed in the town schools, in which he himself 
was subsequentlv a teacher for s^me 
years. He w r as for many years selectman 
of Peterborough ; member from that town 
of the legislature of 1885 ; member of the 
school board for several terms. Since 1906 
he had been president of the Peterborough 
savings bank and was also a director of the 
national bank there. His vocation was that 
of a farmer and during his active life he 
was a member of the Grange. He belonged 
to the Unitarian church and the local history 
ical society. A daughter, Mary M. Adams, 
is the only survivor of his immediate 
family. 



WILLIAM H. MANAHAN. 

One of the most picturesque and potent 
uersonalities in the New Hampshire of 
the past half century was William Henry 
Manahan, who died in Hillsborough June 
13. Ho was 'the youngest and last of a 
family of eight children, the son of John 
and Lucintha (Felch) Manahan, and was 



260 



THE GRANITE MONTHLY 



born in New London March 31, 1840, In 
addition to his town school education, he 
was a student at Colby academy and 
Eaton's Commercial college at Worcester. 

Fie learned the machinist's trade, 'ate 1 ' be- 
coming a practical draftsman, which he 
followed for a number of years. 

In 1862 he located at Hillsborough Lower 
Village, engaging in the lumbering and 
milling business, later adding furniture 
manufacturing. He also engaged in real 
estate operations and from this took up 



In 1889 he was a member of the Constitu- 
tional Convention. He was the first Rep- 
ublican elected to the Legislature in 114 
years. He was town moderator fo r 12 

Mr. Manahan possessed a large stock of 
historical anecdotes which, combined with 
his pleasing oratory, made him eagerly 
sought as a public speaker at all town 
celebrations. 

March 31. 1862. he married Fannie Har- 
riett Chafnn of H olden, Mass., who sur- 



»:...■•:; _ - .. .■ . _ - ■• .(F 



The late W. H. Manahax. 



public selling in which profession he be- 
came one of the best known auctioneers 
in New England. His specialty was tim- 
ber, which he could estimate very accurate- 
ly, farm, city blocks 'and beach property. 
He conducted sales in all the New England 
states and made several trips to the 
South for this purpose. He possessed a 
commanding figure, a fine voice and an un- 
usual command of language. 

In 1885-86 he represented his town in the 
Legislature and here his command of ora- 
tory made him prominent as a debater and 
as an advocate of conservative legislation. 



vives him. On March 31, they celebrated 
their 60th wedding anniversary as well 
as Mr. Manahan's 82nd birthday. 

He leaves three children, Mrs. Josephine 
Fuller of Hillsborough, Mrs. Gertrude 
Adams, wife of Dr. Adams, of Wollaston, 
Mass., and \V. H. Manahan, Jr., of Hills- 
bo rough. 



JAMES C. SIMPSON. 

James Clifford Simpson was born in 
Greenland, May 27, 1865, and died at 
his residence in New York City June 11. 



NEW HAMPSHIRE NECROLOGY 



261 



He graduated frdm Dartmouth college in 
1887 and took up educational work, serv- 
ing as principal of the high school at 
Bellows Falls. Vt., as superintendent of 
schools at Portsmouth and as a trustee 
of .the state nonnial school at Plymouth. 
Tn 1897 he entered the i employ of the 
educational- publishing house of D. C. 
Heath & Company and since 1910 had 
been its vice-president and a member of 
the board of directors; acting as general 
manager of the New York office. Mr. 
Snupson was a Mason, a member of the 
Theta Delta Chi fraternity and of the 
University (.dub, Boston, the Maine 
Society of New York and the National 
Educational Association. He is survived 
by his widow, Mrs. Lena Allen Simpson. 



Miss Fir 



Dextei 



i Windsor 



v JEREM IAH E. AYEK.S. 

Jeremiah E. Avers was born in Canter- 
bury. Feb. 2, 1838, and died in Denver, Co!., 
May 4. 'He graduated from Dartmouth 
College in 1863 and taught for two years 
in Portsmouth and seven years in Pitts- 
burgh, Pa., before removing to Denver, 
where he was one of the pioneers of that 
city and vicinity, making extensive real 
estate and agricultural developments. He 
was one of the first trustees of Colorado 
College and an active worker in the Pres- 
byterian church and Bible school. He is 
survived by his widow, who was Miss Anna 
Rea of Pittsburg; two daughters. Mrs. 
Harry C. Riddle and Mrs. Lucy A. Smith; 
a sister. Miss Lucy C. Avers o* W-oon- 
socket, R. I. ; a brother. Rev. W. H. Avers 
of Los Angeles, Calif.; five grandchildren 
and two great-grandchildren. 



GEN. W. E. SPAULDING. 

\Yilliam Edward Spauldiag was born in 
Nashua, Dec. 13, 1860, son of the late 
Mayor John A. and Josephine (Eastman) 
Spaulding. He was educated in public and 
private schools of that city and early en- 
tered the employ 'of the First National 
Bank, of which his father was the head, 
and of which William E. Spaulding was 
for many years cashier. Fie served in the 
city council, as city treasurer and for 40 
years as treasurer of the Wilton Railroad. 
He was an officer of the .crack City Guards 
military company of Nashua, was at one 
time adjutant of the Second Regiment, N. 
H. N. G.; and served on the staff of Gover- 
nor Charles H. Sawyer. He was a member 
of the Algonquin Club and the B. A. A. in 
Boston, where he died on May 22 and 
where he had been engaged in the antique- 
business for some years. His widow, who 



Locks, Conn., a son. Dexter Edward, and 
a daughter, Sylvia, survive him. 



EUGENE P. NUTE. 

Eugene P. Nute was born in Farming- 
ton, June 14, 18-52, the son of Congress- 
man Alonzo and Mary (Pearl) Nute, 
ami died in the same town May 16 
Lie was educated at Colby academy, New 
London, and Phillips academy, Andover, 
Mass.. and upon attaining manhood en- 
gaged with his father in the manufact- 
ure of shoes, so continuing for twenty 
years. A Republican in politics, he rep- 
resented his town in the Legislature of 
1883 and from 1898 to 1914 was United 
States marshal for the district of New 
Hampshire. This office he resigned to 




The late Eugene P. Nute. 

become secretary of the New Hampshire 
board of underwriters, a position which 
he filled with great ability until his last 
illness. He was a member of the Loyal 
Legion, of the Masonic order and of the 
Knights of Pythias. Mr. Nute married 
June 4, 1881, Nellie S. Parker of Farming- 
ton, by whom he is survived, with their 
two sons, Stanley and Harry, and one 
daughter, Molly; and a brother, Alonzo 
I. Nute. Few men had as large an 
acquaintance in New Hampshire or as 
large a number of friends as did Mr. 
Nute. His kindly helpfulness was un- 
failing; and his dignified, yet genial, per- 
sonality was most attractive. 



■ : ■ 

Tax Free in New Hampshire, Vermont. Massachusetts and Connecticut 

ImIKAL POWER AID Llifl] ukrAl 

(A Massachusetts Corporation) 

T* CUMULATIVE PREFERRED 

PAR VALUE $100 
Preferred as to Assets and Divdends 

All outstanding Preferred Stock CoHab't. on any dividend payment date at 105 
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30 days' written notice. 

Dividends Payable Quarterly, Feb., May, Aug. and Nov. 15th 

The Equitable Trust Company of New York, Registrar and Transfer Agent 



CAPITALIZATION 

(As of August 31, 1921 giving effect to recent financing and acquisition 

of 11 properties) j 



\ Authorized Outstanding* 

17c Cumulative Preferred Stock $1,500,000 $ 713,008 

Common Stock 1,000,000 866.300 

Secu-ed 77c Notes, Due 1921-1930 1,067,500 1,067,500 

First Mortgage and Prior Lien 67 Bonds 5,000,000 1,836,000 
*tn hands of public. 

EA RNINGS STATEMENT 

Years Ending Gross Net Gicss j 

Dec. 31, 1920 1.837.401 404,124 22% j 

Aug. 31, 1921 1.960924 491,489 25% | 

Oct. 31, 1921 1.977,054 519,992 26% 

Dec. 31, 1921 2,015,275 547,560 27 c /o I 

SALIENT FEATURES 

PROPERTY VALUE apnroyimately $5,887 000— after deducting ppr value bonds 
and notes outstanding valuation remaining is nearlv three times the amount of 
Preferred Stock outstanding. 

EARNINGS over FIVE TIMES Preferred Stock requirements. 
Net Earnings (after bond and note interest) must be two and one-half times divi- 
dend requirements if additional stock is issued. 

Properties located in the rapidly growing states of Texas, Missouri, Oklahoma ! 
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20 AMHERST STREET MANCHESTER N. H. ! 









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■ IK THIS E . 
E QF NEW HAMPPHISEB SETTI ! IT 

By John Scales, A. Bf. 



HARLAN C. PEARSON, PubUshe? 

.'.CONCORD, N/H. . 



j! mis Nu .. , 20 Cents 



$2,00 a Yei 



Entered at the post-office at Concord, N, H-, as second-class mail matter 



3LbS~JZkH 




K 5 

P 2 






H £ 



M? 



THE GRANITE MONTHLY 



Vol. LIV 



AUGUST, 19: 



No. 8. 



THE VENDUE AT VALLEY FARM 



i~'v Emma Wm 



(The following sketch describes a 
typical day in the life of the 'ate William 
H. Manahan of Hillsborough, whose 
portrait and biographical sketch appear- 
ed in the July Granite Monthly. The 
frontispiece of this number, from a- 
picture by New Hampshire's distinguish- 



ed artist, Frank 



has Mr. 



Manahan as its central figure. — Editor) 

The day set for this momentous 
event was a per&ect one. The silk- 
velvet leaves nodded in curtsey to 
each other. The birds sang -their 
love songs of praise. At ten o'clock 
the house and grounds had become 
the Mecca of the good people of this 
and the surrounding towns. Every 
post, tree and fence rail within sight 
was the custodian of a team. A 
silver-tongued orator of imposing 
stature, one of Hillsborough's finest, 
was here to perform the last rites at 
this altar. 

After the manner of vendues — 
they were never called "auctions" in 
thoce days — there were first sold the 
least valuable articles of farming 
tools, many of them having outlived 
their usefulness; wagons 'that had 
stood under the old apple trees for 
years; the old grindstone; a sleigh 
brought down from the barn-loft 
with many a grunt from the farm- 
hand;, the horse rake of the vintage 
of twenty-five years ago, the old- 
fashioned flail and plow, and harrow, 
all replaced now by more modern in- 
ventions to lighten labor; odd barrels, 
piles of bricks, horse shoes that may 
or may not have brought good luck, 
boxes full of nails, and other odds 
and ends, accumulation of the thrifty 
New r Englanders; household utensils 
and furniture, much of wdiich had 



been stored in the unfinished chamber 
of the wood-shed, scattered bits of 
wooden and other wares. coming 
from whence no one knew ; all of 
which had lost their names as well 
as the knowledge of the part they had 
played in the farmer's round of 
duties. 

There was a pictureless frame, 
which a wag seized and placed in 
front of a beautiful woman standing 
immediately adjacent to the com- 
mander of the day. His ready res- 
ponse was to tempt the highest bid- 
der by his apt quotation of the 
"beautiful picture in the golden 
frame." 

There was demand even for the 
common things, the proof being the 
goodly prices they brought under the 
persuasive tongue of the fluent auc- 
tioneer, who certainly was not there 
to look for any lack of quality. A 
good share of this truck and junk 
was the contribution of neighbors 
who always improved such an op- 
portunity to get rid of some of their 
undesirable savings of the years. 

A buffalo coat the rear all worn 
off, held up by the shoulders with 
the front view exposed was disposed 
of at a goodly price to a prudent man 
who bragged that these "darn auc- 
tioneers" never beat him. 

Then came the more valuable com- 
modities, arousing the keener interest 
of the audience, and the evident satis- 
faction of Sir Auctioneer wdio was 
in his happiest mood. Beautiful 
horses were pranced up and down the 
drive-way for our admiration, and to 
tempt the pocket-book of the house- 
holder. Sleek kine and of as many 



266 



THE GRANITE MONTHLY 



eo'ors as Joseph's coat were placed 
on exhibition, and changed owners 
at what seemed almost fabulous 
prices. Grunting swine were coaxed 
from their native heath to demand 
attention. Farm-yard fowl. sheep 
and lambs passed in review and dis- 
appeared under new ownership. 

Our interest was not so much in 
the vendue itself, or the desirability 
of the article being sold, as it was to 
catch the wording of the auctioneer's 
pat description of no matter what 
the common-place object. The roll- 
ing pin suddenly became invested 
with unusual value, and his "give me 
thirty ! give me thirty" was as sonor- 
ous and inspiring as an epic from the 
Georgics. 

After the manner of the country 
vendue the noon-hour was an espec- 
ial feature, and made a picnic for the 
families gathered there. All of this 
company h; d their dinners with them. 
Every wagon load had its lunch- 
basket filled and overflowing with the 
good things of the pantry, which 
make the Grange dinners and Church 
suppers of this time of H. C. L. pale 
into insignificance. 

The farmer's wife holds first place 
with her loving, genial friendliness, 
having no time nor inclination for 
the shams of the present day. We 
occasionally received a loving pat 
from those capable hands which 
cheers us on our way, and eases up 
our nerves in this day of criticism, 
censure and jealousy. 

Thus we ate our dinner, with our 
childen playing near by, casting an 
anxious eye lest they wander to the 
heels of the horses or to the river's 
bank that has too often lured the un- 
suspecting to their undoing. This 
is the only wickedness our beautiful 
river ever committed, becoming the 
sacrificial .altar of many souls who 
have ventured too near the edge and 
"rocked the boat." So we satisfied 
the calls of hunger, while we talked 
of the past, its comforts and satis- 



faction, as if the present held none 
of its allurements. 

My readers who are familiar with 
the custom and attractions of the old- 
fashioned country vendue, remember 
the trips to be made to that rendez- 
vous dedicated to "Saint Coffee," us- 
ually a wash-boiler, where a master 
hand dealt out to devotees of this 
patron saint the liectar offered at this 
particular shrine, together with crack- 
ers and cheese to those who had no 
dinner basket to flee to. 

Some acquaintance who had been 
absent for a considerable time would 
give us that kindly hand-clasp that 
would make the arm ache for a vari- 
able time afterwards, and not the two- 
finger a la cod-fish kind we have no 
desire to remember. So we visit from 
group to group. 

At 1.30 the farm itself was to be 
sold, and the hour had approached 
when we could hear at a distance the 
eloquent auctioneer warming up to his 
prologue,' so we walked to nearer 
range through the lane with its beauti- 
ful running vines covering the idio- 
syncracies of the rough board fence; 
the elderberry and the running black- 
herry as the foundation, and over all 
the frills of wild columbine with the 
milkweed uprearing its thrifty beams 
to make the frame-work more sub- 
stantial. The whole was a marvel- 
ous display by the master artist, 
Nature. 

As we came up to join the outer 
circle of that amphitheatre and within 
good hearing distance, the orator of 
the day was describing the beauties of 
the place; its wonderful situation hem- 
med in by the Deering hills ; the 
matchless valley with its far-reaching 
advantages; its varying possibilities; 
its historical charm, with relics of the 
ferry by which the early pioneers 
crossed the swollen stream in the days 
of the Red Men; (an auctioneer's li- 
cense of the facts, 1 suppose!); the 
adjacent village, which had sprung 
into existence like a mushroom in a 



THE VENDUE 



267 



night; and finally, the river-— the swift- 
flowing river, which held the key to 
manufacture, another term for pros- 
perity ! In his mind's eye he saw a 
chain of mills extending up and down 
the rapids to this farm, and below! 
What a market they would bring to 
the farmer, for his produce to feed 
the teeming thousands. 

At this juncture a smart competi- 
tion began between two old time 
dwellers, one. of whom lived on the 
mountain peak in the north part of 
the town. To him the impassioned 
auctioneer was directing his eloquence. : 

"James, when we go to see you we 
take a long hard drive up Monroe 
hill, which wearies our horses 'and 
taxes the time and patience of us who 
go up and down the earth, hustling 
after our daily bread. Here we can 
ride down most any day, partake of 
your hospitality and your wife's boun- 
teous cocker}'. Your daily toil will 
be easier. You can perform your 
work by .machinery, where you now 
do manual labor. The river will glad- 
den your eye and comfort your heart. 
In time the thriving village will en- 
croach on your land, so that you can 
command a higher price for such as 
you wish to dispose of, while the rest 
will be greatly enhanced in value." 

Possibly influenced by this glowing 
rhetoric if not argument, James raised 
the bid another hundred, and immedi- 
ately the voluble auctioneer turned to 
his rival giving expression to another 
even stronger claim to that bidder, 
who immediately raised the price an- 
other hundred. 

By this time the spectators were 
agape with the keenest interest. James 
moved uneasily, as if anxious to es- 
cape the searching gaze of the man 
on the block, wdio was truly laboring 
zealously to earn his fee, big as it no 
doubt was. 

Finally, in spite of his efforts to 
avoid him, James came under the di- 
rect cannonade of the speaker, who 
led the. cohorts of his tongue against 



the hesitating bidder, one who knew 
the full worth of a dollar and was not 
easily beguiled by the allurements of 
a silver-tongued orator. 

"Do you realize, James, that you 
are standing on the threshold of a 
golden opportunity, such as will never 
open to you again during your days. 
even should you live to be as old as 
Methuselah or as good as Elijah. 
Should you neglect this golden oppor- 
tunity, on your way home to-night 
Monroe hill will rise like a mountain 
before you, and your good horse will 
look back to vou, saving reproaching- 
ly : 

"Master, why did you not end this 
uphill journey and rest in the valley, 
where the cooling dews of summer 
will send their fragrance and the cold 
winds of winter never find you?" 

"Ah, 1 see your countenance lighten 
with the wisdom of your good head, 
and I hear you say 'one hundred.' ' 

Driven thus to the corner Ray nod- 
ded, and once more the speaker turn- 
ed the fire of his eloquence upon the 
other, who was an easier victim, and 
bid his hundred quickly. 

Great beads of perspiration stood 
out like huge jewels on the ruddy 
countenance of the auctioneer, but 
without even stopping to brush these 
aside with his big handkerchief, he 
kept up his incessant fire of language, 
as if knowing that the crisis was near 
at hand, and to falter now would be 
fatal. 

With another burst of lightning 
speech he fairly raised by sheer 
strength the bidder from beyond Mon- 
roe hill another substantial step, and 
then the other man, as if he had made 
up his mind to be the successful bid- 
der, added a hundred to the sum al- 
ready involved. This time Ray hal- 
ved ' his bid, when his competitor 
risked the other half. 

Here the bidding stopped. Paint 
what picture he might he could not 
get another nod from the head of 
James. Evidently the cautious farm- 



268 THE GRANITE MONTHLY 

er had reached his limit. At last the would not have missed it for good 

ominous words "Going —going — going money. 

— three times — and GONE!" And now warned by the lengthen- 
Then the silver-toned orator, sprang ing shadows of the afternoon, the 
down from his perch and mopped his owners of the teams began to line up 
streaming features upon the big red along the roadside, and fifteen min- 
handkercbief which Had ikme similar utes later silence and solitude reigned 
service many times. He seemed sat- where only a short time since the 
isned. and well he might. Even the crowd had listened to the eloquent 
rest of us, who had done nothing hut pleadings of that prince of old-time 
gape and wonder, drew a breath of vendue orators, 
relief, glad it was over, though we 



OLD HOME FLOWERS 

By Alice L. Martin. 

A bunch of damask roses sent 

To bring good cheer and sweet content 

But coming from the garden there, 

They bring to memory dreams more fair- 

The old home faces, one by one, 

Come trooping back with days long gone. 

The Old Home stands as long it stood ; 
The meadow, and, beyond, the wood : 
And Mt. Monadnock, stern, serene. 
Its outline dim, the haze a screen, 
And hanging like a curtain fold 
To soften, dim, the outline bold. 

The long, low, living room I see. 
The table spread as though for tea ; 
A mother, standing by her chair, 
While all the children gather there ; 
A plentiful repast and good, 
Home cooking, and fresh garden food. 

There on the por h there in the gloom, 

To watch the risi ig of the moon — 

The whip-poor-wdl and night-hawks cry — 

The after-glow that leaves the sky 

And brings the voices of the night 

When stars come peeping clear and bright. 



6&j 



THE DATE OF THE FIRST PERMANENT 
SETTLEMENT IN NEW HAMPSHIRE 



Bv John Scales. A. P., A. M. 



I have read and carefull v con- 
sidered the article in the Granite 
Monthly for June, 1922, by EI win 
L. Page. regarding the date of the 
first permanent settlement in New 
Hampshire. He is correct in reach- 
ing the conclusion that it was at 
Dover, and before 1630. 1 propose 
in this article to present reasonable 
evidence that the Historian, Wil- 
liam Hubbard, made a correct state- 
ment of the date, that Edward and 
William Hilton came to Dover 
Point in the spring of 1623, and 
commenced the permanent settle- 
ment there, which has continued 
to the present day. The reader 
will please bear in mind that the 
year 1622, and all the years before 
that, and for a century after that, 
did not end till March 25. So if 
David Thomson's settlement at 
Little Harbor is to be counted as 
the first permanent settlement, 
then the date for New Hampshire 
is 1622, instead of 1623. for it is 
quite certain Thomson arrived at 
Little Harbor and commenced 
building his house before. March 25. 

It is an acknowledged fact that 
on Nov. 3. 1620. King James 
granted to certain Englishmen the 
charter for the .... "Council of 
Plymouth for the planting, order- 
ing, ruling and governing New. 
England . in America." That cor- 
poration was in business fifteen 
years, and then, 1635, gave back its 
charter. During those years it 
granted nine patents, or charters. 
The first was to Captain John 
Mason, March 9. 1620-21. 'four 
months after the Council com- 
menced business. The last one was 
also to Capt. Mason, April 22, 
1635, from which New Hamp- 
shire received its name, and from 



Which the farmers at Dover got, 
and had to fight, man}- law suits, 
which Captain Mason's grandson 
brought against them, claiming he 
owned the land, and they were only 
tenants, like the farmers in Eng- 
land, who had to pay rent to the 
Lords of the great manors. This 
grandson claimed he was lord of 
all present territory of New Hamp- 
shire, and the boundary line be- 
tween it and Massachusetts was not 
finally settled till in the last decade 
of the 19th century. 

The third grant was given in the 
spring or early summer of 1622, to 
David Thomson. who, as the re- 
cord shows, was then messenger, or 
special agent, of the Council in its 
dealings with the King and Parlia- 
ment. The patent was for 

"A point of Land in the Pascata- 
v ay River, in New England, to 
David Thomson, Mr. Jobe and Mr. 
Sherwood." This shows that Mr. 
Thomson had been here and was 
acquainted with that river and the 
points of land in it. There is a 
point of land in Dover, in that river, 
which has always been called 
"Thomson's Point" during three 
centuries. There is no other 
Thomson from whom it could have 
received its name. It is the point 
where a seine, or net, was drawn 
across the river in the season when 
salmon and alewives. and other 
fish went up the river to spawn, in 
spring time. In that early period, 
and until the colonists built dams 
at the falls above, and began to 
^ive fish sawdust to feed upon, the 
Pascataway River had immense 
schools of those fish come up the 
river and the fishermen caught 
them in that net. No doubt Mr. 
Thomson, Jobe and Sherwill had 



270 



THE GRANITE MONTHLY 



big crews of fishermen stationed 
there in the season, and of course 
they had to have dwellings and 
"stages" for the workmen, so there 
was a "temporary" .settlement. As 
late as 1648 "Thomson's Point 
House" is on ihc Dover tax list for 
one pound and four shillings. 
There is no house there now. and 
has not been for many years, but 
Dover can lay claim to the first 
temporary settlement, as well as 
for the first permanent settlement, 
the one in 1622 and the other at 
Dover Point (for a long time 
called .Hilton's Point) in 1623. 
. . The fourth grant was issued to 
David Thomson alone, October 16, 
of 1622,.... for "six thousand acres 
of Laud and an island in New Eng- 
land." No mention of the locality 
of the 6,000 acres, but from later 
transactions, on record, it is known 
to have meant an island in Boston 
Harbor, which has ever since been 
cailed "Thomson's Island," It is 
very evident Mr. Thomson had 
made up his mind to locate the 
land on the .west side of the Pas- 
cataqua River as he had already 
selected a "point of laud in Paseat- 
away River." and had been granted a 
patent. He wanted some more. 

Near the first of December, 1622, 
an . indenture was drawn up be- 
tween Mr. Thomson and three rich 
merchants of Plymouth, Abraham 
Colmer, Nicholas Sherwell and 
Leonard Pomeroy, in which those 
gentlemen agreed to join with Mr. 
Thomson in financing the under- 
taking, and share in the profits, 
which seemed to be promising to be 
large. The indenture is published 
in full in the annual report of the 
Massachusetts Historical Society, 
in the summer of 1876. The paper 
had been read before the Society 
in. the preceding winter by Mr. 
Charles Deane. It is very inter- 
esting,, and is one of the most valu- 
able of early documents. In 
brief: — The merchants agreed to 



furnish the ship "Jonathan of Ply- 
mouth" and a crew of men, to take 
Mr. Thomson and the company 
across the Atlantic, with provi- 
sions and other necessary tilings 
for building a house and begin- 
ning a settlement, in the winter of 
1622. It was also agreed that 
within three months following, 
in the year 1622, they would 
send another ship, the "Provi- 
dence of Pymouth" with another 
company of men. with provisions, 
etc.. to further aid in making the 
settlement. On this ship came 
Edward and William Hilton, and 
probably Mr. Pomeroy, as the cove 
where the ship was landed was 
named " Pomeroy 's Cove," and has 
retained that name to the present 
day. It is now cut in two parts, 
by the Dover and Portsmouth rail- 
road. For the first century of Do- 
ver that was the shipping point for 
Dover Neck and Dover Point. At one 
period Major Richard Waldern had 
a large warehouse there, from 
which he shipped merchandise to 
the West Indies, and ports in the 
Mediterranean sea. Dr. Walter 

Barefoot, later known as Governor 
Barefoot, also had a warehouse and 
dock there, near Walderms. Bare- 
foot was then a resident physician 
in Dover. 

As is well known the settlement 
at Little Harbor did not pay, and 
Thomson went to his island in Bos- 
ton Harbor in 1625 or 1626, and 
there resided till his death in Dec- 
ember 1628. That left the 6,000 
acres, or such a part of it as belong- 
ed to them, by the indenture, on 
the hands of the Plymouth mer- 
chants, and they kept the Hiltons 
at work at Dover Point. That is 
to say, the three merchants of Ply- 
mouth, Colmer, Sherwell and Pom- 
eroy, received their title to the land 
from David Thomson by indenture ; 
Edward Hilton received his title to 
it from the Plymouth merchants, 
who got out of the unprofitable bar- 



SETTLEMENT IN NEW HAMPSHIRE 



271 



gain with Thomson as best they 
could. Hilton had his title renewed 
and confirmed by the Council of 
Plymouth, by the Squamscott Pa- 
tent of 1629, which they gave him. 
Captain Thomas Wiggin's colonists 
who came over in 1633, and com- 
menced the settlement on Dover 
Keck, received their title to the land 
from Hilton. Those colonists or- 
ganized a town government, and 
divided the land amongst them- 
selves and new comers, who might 
be judged worthy to become citi- 
zens. The legal ownership of all 
land in old Dover was given by that 
town organization, in the way c>f 
"grants." Old Dover consisted of 
Dover, Somersworth. Durham (Oys- 
ter River), Lee, Madbury, and New- 
ineton (Bloody Point). Rollins- 
ford was part of Somersworth. till 
184'-). Of course there was a lot 
of dickering and trading in which a 
multitude of names are mentioned, 
in one way or another, but the 
above statement is the simple way 
of explanation which leads the 
reader out of a wilderness of trans- 
actions. The organization of New 
Hampshire was of a later transac- 
tion. Dover is fifty years older than 
New Hampshire. In the old records 
there is no mention of New Hamp- 
shire till 1680 when the scheme 
was started to separate the Pascat- 
aqua towns from Massachusetts, 
and make them a separate province, 
in which courts could be organized 
that might confirm the Mason heirs' 
claim to ownership of Dover farms, 
under the 1635 patent given to Cap- 
tain John Mason, which has the 
name New Hampshire in it. 

Under the circumstances in wdiat 
better way could Mr. Hubbard state 
the facts of the beginning of the 
Pascataqua settlement than he did 
in the following, copied from his 
history: "For being encouraged 
by the report of divers mariners that 
came to make fishing voyages upon 



the coast, as well as the afore men- 
tioned occasion (establishing the 
Py mouth Council), they sent over 
that year (1623) one Mr. David 
Thomson with Mr. Edward Hilton 
and his brother Mr. William Hilton, 
who had been fishmongers in Lon- 
don, with some others along with 
them, furnished with necessaries for 
carrying on a plantation. Possibly 
others might be sent after them in 
years following. 1624 and 1625; 
some of whom, first in probability, 
seized on the place called Little 
Harbor, on the west side of Pasca- 
taqua River, toward or at the mouth 
thereof; the Hiltons in the mean- 
while setting up their stages higher 
up the river, toward the northwest, 
at or about a place since called 
Dover. But at that place called the 
Little Harbor, is supposed, was the 
first house set up, that ever was 
built in those parts ; the chimney 
and some part of the stone wall 
(cellar wall) is standing at this 
day." Mr. Hubbard probably wrote 
that about 1650, as it is the first 
part of his manuscript which is now 
in the possession of the Massachu- 
setts Historical Society. 

As regards the name of the settle- 
ment of Dover. All the time it was 
under Edward Hilton's management 
the settlement is called Pascataqua 
or Pascataway. When Captain Thom- 
as Wiggin's colonists 'commenced 
business they called it Bristol. 
Later under the pastorate of Rev. 
Thomas Larkham, who had been 
minister of the Church at Northam, 
England, the name changed to Nor- 
tham, about 1639, and that name was 
used for a dozen years, or more. 
At some time under Massachusetts 
rule the name of Dover came to be 
used. No rea'son has yet been 
found why that name was adopted. 
None of the old settlers came from 
Dover, England. Properly the 
name Pascataqua ought to have been 
given the State, and it should have 



272 



THE GRANITE MONTHLY 



extended from the Merrimack to the 
Kennebec River. 

In 1628 Thomas Morton was at 
the head of a settlement at "Merry 
Mount," (Wallaston) and was sel- 
ling firearms and ammunition and rum 
to the Indians, which caused much 
trouble. Guv. Bradford of Ply- 
mouth ordered him to desist. Mor- 
ton would not. Bradford sent. Capt. 
Miles Standish. and a company of 
militia, to arrest Morton. Standish 
did so and Morton was sent to Eng- 
land for trial and punishment. The 
expense of the affair was 12 pounds 
and 7 shillings. The payment was 
apportioned among the settlements 
along the coast, from Plymouth to 
the extreme settlement on the Maine 
coast, as follows, — Plymouth 2 
pounds and 10 shillings ;— -Nauui- 
keag ( Salem) one pound 10 shill- 
ings; — Jeffrey and Rursclem 2 
pounds; — Nantasket, one pound and 
10 shillings ; — Blackstone at Shaw- 
mut (Boston) 12 shillings; — Ed- 
ward Hilton one pound ; — his men 
at Pascataqua 2 pounds. That 
shows that Dover was then one of 
the wealthiest settlements in New 
England. There was no other set- 
tlement, on either side of the. Pasca- 
taqua River, at that time. This 
shows the settlement was not a re- 
cent affair ; the}' had been in busi- 
ness there five years and had p"os- 
pered. hand over fist, in trading 
with the Indians and catching and 
curing fish. Next to the Isle of 
Shoals, it was the lest place "or 
fishing along the coast. 

Mr. Page discredits, or doubts, the 
correctness of the statement of 
William Plilton, Jr., made in 1660, 
that he and his mother came to 
Dover Point soon after his father 
and uncle Edward had commenced 
the settlement there, in 1623. It is 
a matter of record that William Hil- 
ton, Sr. arrived at Plymouth Nov. 
11, 1621, in the ship "Fortune. " 
He was well received and given a 
grant of one acre of laud. In 1622 



he returned to England and made 
preparations for his wife and child- 
ren. William and John, to cornc over 
to Plymouth in 1623, and for him- 
self to come with his brother, Ed- 
ward in the "Providence" to the 
Pascataqua River. It is a matter 
of record that Mrs. Hilton did arrive 
in Pymouth, in the ship "Anne." 
July 1623. She was well received, 
and in due time an acre of land was 
granted to her and the children. 
Thev remained there till the summer 
of 1624. 

As previously explained, in speak- 
ing oi David Thomson, William 
Hilton came over in the ship "Provi- 
dence" of Plymouth, in the spring 
of 1623. He did not take his wife 
and children with him, because they 
couldnot be properly cared for, but 
in 1624, after they had built dwel- 
ling houses at Dover Point (as we 
now call it) he went to Plymouth to 
get his family. He applied to the 
Church to have his son John, then 
about two years old, baptized, but 
the request was denied, on the 
ground that he was not a member of 
the Plymouth Church. Thereupon 
he and his family came up the Pas- 
cataqua, and they never had any 
more dealings with the Plymouth 
Colony, or Church. So, as William 
Hilton, Jr. says in his petition of 
1660, — "and, in a little tyme follow- 
ing, settled ourselves upon yr River 
of Paschataq with Mr. Edward and 
William Hilton, who were the first 
English planters there." That is 
to say the "little tyme" was from 
the summer of 1623 to the summer 
of 1624. No mystery about that 
statement. It settles the question 
beyond doubt that the settlement at 
Dover Point was in the spring of 
1623, or it may have been June. 
Probably David Thomson got his 
house built at Little Harbor a few- 
months before Edward Hilton had 
his habitation in order, so Hubbard 
is correct in saying, — "But at that 
place, called the Little Harbor, it 



SETTLEMENT iN r NEW HAMPSHIRE 



273 



is supposed was the first house set 
up, that was ever built in those 
parts; the chimney and some part 
of the stone wail, is standing at this 
day" (about 1650.) 

'William Hilton did not build his 
house on Dover Point, but as soon 
as he had investigated the territory 
on both sides of the river he decid- 
ed to make a bargain with the In- 
dians, then owners of what is now 
Eliot, and bought their ''corn held/' 
and land around it, and buiit his 
house there ; directly aqross Pasca- 
taqua River from Dover Point ; 
there was his residence till 1632, 
when he was dispossessed by Captain 
Walter Neal, ''governor" of the set- 
tlement begun at Strawberry Bank, 
by Captain John Mason in 1630. 
The famous "Laconia" company. 
They claimed their charter gave 
them the land on the east side of the 
Pascataqua River, so ousted Mr. 
Hilton, and gave it to one of the 
Laconia Company's men. There 
was no court to protect Hilton in his 
rights, till 1653. The Province of 
Maine came under the jurisdiction 
of Massachusetts in November, 1652, 
and the Court Records of Oct. 25, 
1653 show that William Hilton 
recovered judgment in the sum of 
one hundred and sixty pounds 
against Ann Mason, executrix of the 
Will of Captain John Mason of 
London, deceased. Of this sum 50 
pounds, were "for the interest for 
his land, which the defendant took 
from him, and for the vacancy of one 
year's time, and cutting down his 
house, and for other injuries, ten 
ponds, and for the interest for the 
whole sixty pounds for the term of 
one and twenty years, one hundred 
pounds." : — Twenty one years car- 
ries us back to 1632, the time when 
Williatn Hilton was planting corn 
just across the river from Dover 
Point. Various old records speak 
of this "old corn field" as belonging 
to William Hilton till he was dis- 



possessed by the Laconia Company's 
Governor, Walter Neal. 

After he was driven out of Eliot 
William Hilton was busy with 
business in Dover and vicinity. 
In 1636, he and his son, William, 
obtained the grant of land at Pen- 
nacook from the Indian Sagamore 
Tahanto. In 1644, he was Deputy 
for Dover in the Massachusetts 
General Court. He received 






John Scales, A. M. 
grants of land from the town of 
Dover. He was in business at 
Exeter a while. In 1646 he be- 
came a resident at Warehouse 
Point, Kittery, and his residence, 
for the rest of his life, was in Kit- 
tery and York. An honored and 
able man he died at York in 1656. 
William Hilton, Jr., was born 
in England in 1615, hence was nine 
years old when he and his mother 
came to Dover Point to live. A 
boy of that age would have no 
difficulty in remembering his trav- 
els with his parents. Now, what 
did he say about it? His petition 
to the General Court was as fol- 
lows. Date 1660. — "To the Hon- 
ored General Court, now assem- 



THE GRANITE MONTHLY 



bled at Boston, the petition of 
William Hilton humbly showeth : 
"Whereas your petitioner's fa- 
ther, William Hilton, came over 
into New England about the year 
Anno Doin. 1621, & your petitioner 
came about one year and a halt" 
after (July 1623) and in a little tyme 
following- (one year; settled upon 
yr River of Paschataq with Mr. 
Edward Hilton, who were the first 
English Planters there. William 
Hilton having much intercourse 
with the Indians by way of trayed 
& mutual giving & receiving, 
amongst whom one Tahanto, Saga- 
more of Penacooke, for divers kind- 
nesses, received from yr petioner's 
Father & himself, did freely' give 
unto ye aforesaid William Hilton, 
Scniour & William Hilton, Juniour, 
six Miles of Land lying an ye River 
Penneconaquigg", being a rivulette 
running into Penacooke River to ye 
eastward, ye said Land to be bound- 
ed as may bee most for ye best ac- 
comodation of yr sd petitioner, his 
heyeres & assignes. The said Ta- 
hanto did also give to ye said father 
& son & to their heres forever, two 
miles of ye best Meddow Land lying 
on ye— north east side of ye River 
Pennecooke, adjoining to ye sd 
River, with all ye appurtenances, 
which said tract of Land & Med- 
dow hath, were given in ye pre- 
sence of Fejld and severall Indians. 
in ye year 1636. At which tyme 
Tahanto went with ye aforesaid 
Hiltons to the Lands arid thereof 
gave them possession. All of wch 
is commonly known to ye Ancient 
Inhabitants at Paschatq ; and for 
the further confirmation of ye sd 
gift or grant your petitioner hath 
renewed deeds from ye said Tahan- 
to ; & since your petitioner under- 
stands that there bee many grants 
of Land lately given, there about, 
to bee layed out : — And lest any 
should be mistaken in chooseing 
their place & thereby intrench apon 
yr petitioner's rights, for preventing 



whereof :— -Your petitioner humbly 
craveth that his errant may bee Con- 
firmed by this Court, and that A. — 
Ik — -C. — , or any two of them, may 
be fully Impowered to sett forth ye 
bounds of all ye above mentioned 
Lands & make true returne whereof 
unto this Honored Court. And 
your Petitioner, as hee is in duty 
bound, will pray for your future 
welfare & prosperity. 

"Bos torn June 1. 1660. The Com- 
mittee having considered the con- 
tents of this petition, do not judge 
meet that ye Court grant ye same. 
but having considered the petition- 
er's ground, for ye approbaccon oi 
ye Indian's grant doe judge meet 
that 300 acres of sd Land bee sett 
out to ye Petitioner by a Committee 
chosen by this Court, so as that it 
may not prejudice any plantation, 
ec this as a fin all end & issue of all 
future claims by virtue of the grant 
from the Indians." 

... Thomas Danforth 
. Elea Lusher 
Henry Bartholomew 

The Magists approve of this return 

if theire ye Depu'ts Consent hereunto. 

Edward Rawsox, Secretary. 

Consented to by ye Deputies. 

7 William Torry, Chris. 

(Endorsed). The Petition of Wil- 
liam Hilton, entered with ye Magis- 
trates, 30 May 1660, & ex.pd'ents 
Tahanro's Deed and p. Mr. Dant. Wil- 
liam Hilton's petition entered & refer- 
red to the Committee. 

At the time this petition was pre- 
sented to the Court Mr. William 
Hilton, jr.. was a resident of Charles- 
town, Mass.. and he was well known 
by the General Court. For the 
-clearer understanding of the evi- 
idence I will give a brief of the 
career of William Hilton, Jr. He 
was born in England in 1615. He 
c ame over to Plymouth, Mass. with 
his mother in 1623. He came up to 
Dover Point with his parents in the 
summer of 1624. Pie resided with 



SETTLEMENT IX NEW HAMPSHIRE 



:o 



his parents at the farm, just across 
the river from ! )over Point, where 
his father had purchased an Indian 
"corn field," as before stated. Of 
course he lived and worked as all 
the other hoys of the period had to 
do. When he was twenty-one he 
was a partner with his father in 
the purchase of the Tahanto 
Indian land. About that time he 
married, and settled in Newbury, 
Mass. He became one of its promi- 
nent citizens, and held various town 
offices, being Representative for 
Newbury in the General Court. He 
had quite a large family of children. 
His wife died in 1657, and later 
he married and had another family 
of children. In 1654 he removed to 
Charlestown, Mass. and resided 
there till his death in 1675. aged 
60 years. He was a man of much 
ability. The old records show that 
among other occupations he was a 
navigator and a cartographer. 

In conclusion I will give a brief 
sketch of Rev. William Hubbard, 
the historian, who declares in his 
"General History of New England" 
that Edward and William Hilton 
commenced the settlement at Dover 
Point in 1623, and it was the first 
permanent settlement in New 
Hampshire. He was born in Eng- 
land in 1621, and came over to New 
England when he was a boy, and 
was educated at Harvard College, 
graduating in the hrst class that in- 
stitution sent out. That was in 1642; 
there were nine in the class, and 
Hubbard ranked third, as appears in 
the catalogue. At graduation he 
was 21, and like all young graduates 
engaged in teaching, and soon com- 
menced studying for the ministry. 
He was a natural born historian, 
and so commenced collecting and 
arranging facts, and incidents, as 
he found them in old records of 
Gov. Winthrop and others, and also 
obtained from interviews with the 
"Ancient Inhabitants." Any one 
who has engaged in historical, or 



genealogical work, knows how he 
had to get his material, and facts, by 
hard and continual work. 

In 1655 he became associate 
'minister ot the Church at Ipswich, 
Mass., and held the office of min- 
ister from 1666 till his death in 
1704. So he was contemporary 
with William Hilton, Jr. He was 
also contemporary with Edward 
Hilton, uncle of William, Jr., as 
Edward lived at Exeter during the 
last thirty years of Ins life, and 
died there in December, 1671. It 
is absurd to suppose Mr. Hubbard 
did not consult those gentlemen 
in his search for facts regarding 
the beginning of the Dover settle- 
ments. There need be no 'doubt 
he consulted those men and got the 
statement direct from Edward 
Hilton himself, that Edward and 
William Hilton came to Dover 
Point in 1623. So the statement 
in his history is correct. 

Mr. Hubbard finished the manu- 
script of the history in 1682, and 
sold it on October 11 of that year. 
The General Court voted that day 
to give him fifty pounds for it. 
The first publication of it was 
made in 1815, by the Massachusetts 
Historical Society. The manu- 
script had been consulted by all 
writers after 1682. The Rev. Dr. 
Jeremy Belknap is among the num- 
ber. So when it came into the 
hands of the Historical Society the 
editors say, — "Of the MS copy a 
few pages at the beginning and end 
are mutilated, and the writing in 
some places is scarcely legible. 
These passages are given as far 
as the editors could spell them 
out. Where they have supplied 
words, or portions of words, con- 
jectural!}-, such are printed 
in italics. Where they were at a 
loss, they have used asterisks." 
The MS is well written and has 
336 pages. The story of Dover 
begins on page 141 and occupies 
ten pages. There are no italics or 



76 



THE- GRANITE MONTHLY 



The reading is 
is in possession 
setts Historical 
among the first 
ird wrote, a Her 
Boston. Later, 



asterisks in it. 
perfect. The MS 
of the Massach 
Society. It was 
topics Mr. Hub! 
Plymouth and 
when the ecclesiastical troubles be- 
gan at Dover Meek, Mr. Hubbard 
gives a more elaborate notice of 
affairs at Pascataqua. He was al- 
ways special!}" interested in 
Church affairs, so gave only a brief 
of the beginning at Dover Point by 
the ETiltons. 



ginning of settlements 



He says, of the be- 
"At pres- 
ent therefore (I shall) only insist 
upon what is most memorable 
about the first planting thereof. 
after it came first to be discovered 
(John) Smith, and 
employed on that de- 
the year 1614 and 



by Captain 
some others, 
sign, about 



1615." 

To give 
and concise 



the readers a clear 
understanding of the 
evidence presented in this paper, I 
give the following briefs. 

1. Before 1622 David Thom- 
son had been here and located the 
Pascataqua River, and made up 
his mind what to do. In June or 
July, 1622, he obtained from the 
Council of Plymouth a grant. — "A 
Point of Land in the Pascataway 
River in New England.'" There is 
such a point which to this day 
has always been called "''Thom- 
son's Point." It had a house on 
it, which was on the Dover Tax 
list as late as 1648, where is 
the statement. — "Thomson Point 
House, one pound, 4 shillings," 
tax. 

2 Oct. 12, 1622. the Council of 
Plymouth gave David Thomson 
another grant, — "Six thousand 
acres and an island." By later 

transactions it was shown that the 
island is in Boston Harbor. No 
mention of where he was to select 
his 6,000 acres. Evidently he had 
settled that question when he was 



over here and looked out the "Point 

of land." It is on record that he 
did come over here and make a 
settlement at Little Harbor, in 



1623. but in 1625, o^ 
changed Ins permanent 



1626. 



to the island 



in 



residence 
Boston Harbor, 



he died in 
it appears 

Thomson had two temporary 



and there resided till 
December. 162S. So 
David 

residences in New Hampshire, the 
first of which was in Dover, in 
1622. Those who want authority 
on this matter are referred to the 
annual report of the Massachusetts 
Historical Society for 1S76, Charles 
Dean obtained the paper- from 
Hon. Robert C. Wimhrop, who in- 
herited it from Ins ancestors. 

3 William Llilton, Jr.. gives re- 
liable testimony, that settles the 
question of date, as in the spring 
of 1623, by Edward and William 
Hilton. 

4 Rev. William Hubbard, au- 
thor of, — "A General History of 
New England," gives record of the 
fact that Edward and William Llil- 
ton commenced the permanent set- 
tlement of New Hampshire at 
Dover Point in 1623. Mr. Hub- 
bard had ample opportunity to ob- 
tain the information direct from 
Mr. Edward Hilton, as they were 
contemporaries, Mr. Hubbard in 
Ipswich and Air. Hilton in Exeter. 
There was constant intercourse 
between those towns. 

5 As further proof that Dover 
was settled before 1630, is a re- 
cord of 1628, when Edward Hilton 
paid one pound as his share of the 
expense of arresting Thomas Mor- 
ton and sending him to England, 
and the other settlers there with 
him," names not mentioned, paid 
two pounds, .showing that Dover 
Point had the most wealth of any 
settlement in New England at 
that time. Of course they had not 
then just commenced business. They 
had been at it five vears. At that 



SETTLEMENT IX NEW HAMPSHIRE 



277 



time there was no other settle- 
ment on either side of the Pascata- 
qua River. 

6 The Squamscoti Patent of 
1629, which was given by the 
Council of Plymouth to protect 
Hilton from aggressions from the 
Laconia Company, whose territory 
was all around his land, acknowl- 



edges the land belonged to Hilton 
and his company. He obtained his 
original possession, as a pan of 
Thomson's 6,000 acres through the 
merchants of Plymouth, who fi- 
nanced Thomson's venture at Lit- 
tle Harbor and Thomson's Island, 
Boston Harbor. 



THE ROAD 

By L. Adelaide Sherman. 

Sing hey ! sing ho ! for the cool brown road — 
Green are its walls and its roof is green — 

Tremulous, lacy, fluttering bars, 

That the happy sunbeams dance between. 

Green and brown and a splash of red, 
A paint-brush flaunting beyond the hedge; 

Brown and green and a fleck of blue. 
The heal-all blooming along the edge. 

Here is a tiny mossy square. 

Where, summer nights, the fairies sport ; 
A subtle scent of sweet-grass floats 

From a nook where bob-o-link holds court. 

The limbs of a mother-maple tree 

Are the safest place for the thrushes' perch, 
And milk-weed blossoms gently lean 

On the pure white breast of a virgin birch. 



So I follow the beautiful road 

To a twilight garden, drenched in dew : 

Love, my love, you are waiting there ; 
Blest be the highway that leads to you. 



3?g 



PUTTING NEW HAMPSHIRE ON THE 
TOBOGGAN 



By George 

In taxing a house, a farm, a horse 
or a cow. it would seem fair to assess 
it for what it might reasonably be 
expected to bring at a sale made un- 
der such conditions and circumstances 
as might ordinarily be expected to 
pertain, if a farmer by diligence, 
knowledge of his business and fair 
dealing- has built up a market for 
his products whereby he derives a 
fair profit, 'can any good reason be 
assigned why his acres should be 
taxed at any higher valuation than 
those of equally good land of a 
neighboring farmer who is less dili- 
gent, has less knowledge of his busi- 
ness, exercises lessi good judgment, 
and is consequently less successful? 

Likewise in the assessment of a 
manufacturing establishment, let us 
assume two buildings of the same 
size, built of the same materials, on 
land of the same value, and which for 
business purposes are equally well or 
poorly situated. Let us further as- 
sume that the owner of one of these 
buildings manufactures a product 
which has a widespread good-will, a 
sale throughout the world, that it is 
well managed and ordinarily fairly 
profitable; that the other factory has 
never had good management, and the 
business barely survives from year 
to year. l\ both of these owners 
should decide to mow, taking with 
them their machinery, their business 
ability or the lack of it, their good- 
will or the absence of it, there would 
seem to be no reason why one of the 
two buildings should sell for more 
than the other. Now the question 
arises whether, before the time of re- 
moval, the real estate of the success- 
ful manufacturer should be taxed at 
any higher valuation than that of his 
unsuccessful Neighbor. Quite likely 
the former would assent to a con- 
siderable valuation above what he 



B. Upham 

had reason to believe his building 
could be sold for, perhaps twice or 
even thrice such valuation. But 
should it be taxed for ten. fifteen or 
twenty times such amount, and he 
knew the location in various other 
ways to be unfavorable, the owner, 
quite naturally, would begin to think 
of moving, especially if then con- 
sidering a substantial enlargement. 
Under such circumstances it would 
be simply foolishness to make exten- 
sions in a community proceeding up- 
on the principle of killing the goose. 

At a period when the center of 
population of the United States was 
in New Jersey, when settlers moving 
to western New York or Ohio mov- 
ed into a wilderness, many indus- 
tries were developed in New Eng- 
land, in a small way by men of little 
capital but of much enterprise and 
ingenuity. New Hampshire was the 
scene of her fair share of such de- 
velopment. Numerous streams <*fur- 
nished adequate power. Coal, almost 
unknown, was un needed. Markets 
were near at hand. Such industries 
grew until, with the enormous growth 
of the last thirty or forty years, many 
manufacturers found themselves, un- 
der changed conditions, with large 
plants in unfavorable locations. 

Two industries in Claremont — the 
largest in the town — find themselves 
in this situation. The writer's father 
was the founder of one of them, in 
1851. This business was at the 
start, comparatively speaking, local. 
A small river, nearly dry in summer, 
furnished all needed power; the 
buildings, on a steep side hill, were 
in imminent danger of sliding into 
the mill-pond. The location both 
locally and nationally was about as 
bad as could be found for a manu- 
facturing industry destined to become 
a large one ; yet, despite the handi- 



PUTTING NEW HAMPSHIRE OX THE TOBOGGAN 



279 



cap of bad location, the business in- 
creased beyond all expectation, in- 
creased until it had offices and a valu- 
able good-will the world over. ■ Re- 
taining" walls were built" and building 
after building added on the steep 
hanks of both sides of the little river 
until the plant covered several acres. 
This was, of course, all a mistake, 
a stupid mistake viewed by hind- 
sight. The principal owners were 
warned long since against any such 
policy ; but local pride and local 
spirit prevailed, extensions continued. 
In extenuation of this mistake it may 
he said that not until very recent 
years were the requirements of a 
thoroughly efficient plant of its char- 
acter fully understood. They are 
level ground and plenty of it some- 
where near the center of population, — 
now in Indiana, — a location where 
coal and raw materials can be obtain- 
ed at low cost for transportation, 
one story buildings with glass ''saw- 
tooth" roofs, electrically operated 
travelling cranes interconnecting all 
departments and finally swinging 
their load over the cars of a railroad 
running through the property and 
having favorable connections to all 
parts of the country. All this had 
been urged long prior to the event 
hereinafter mentioned; but the advice 
unfortunately, from the owners' later 
point of view, went unheeded; ex- 
tensions continued as before. 

Then came the event. At the in- 
opportune time of a temporary but 
severe depression certain high taxa- 
tion officials came from Concord, 
saw the step-like buildings on the 
steep banks of the little river and 
said to themselves, not in these words 
but in like substance and effect. 
"Here is something prosperous, 
something cemented and weighted 
down, something perfectly safe to 
soak, something which, according to 
instructions, we are expected to 
soak"; and soak it they did, doubling 
the assessment upon the real estate, 



which previously had been taxed far 
beyond any possible saleable value. 

And with what result? At a 
meeting of the directors a few months 
later it was voted, without a dissent- 
ing voice, to buy one hundred and 
twenty r five acres of level land, with 
a railroad running through it, on the 
outskirts of Michigan City, Indiana. 
and to build a thoroughly up-to-date 
plant thereon. Coal mines are near, 
deep-water wharves on the great lake, 
only a mile distant. 

Local pride and local spirit have 
their limitations, especially when a 
feeling of injustice with resulting in- 
dignation is aroused. 

We are not blaming the visiting 
politicians who doubtless received 
their instructions from politicians 
higher up, who in turn doubtless be- 
lieved they were carrying out the 
mandate of the legislature as they 
interpreted it. It is the policy, not 
the individuals, we are criticising"; 
for we believe it to" be an unfortunate 
one, a policy which in the long run 
will prove a benefit to industries re- 
moving but an injury to the state. 

Politicians, who make and exe- 
cute our laws, are not as a rule 
versed in business affairs. In their 
eves an assemblage of bricks and 
mortar in which a successful business 
is carried on is the business itself. 
They apparently imagine the enter- 
prise, the administrative ability, the 
goodwill, the very ingenuity of in- 
ventors to be in some way enchained 
within the walls; little realizing that 
the brain which is the executive may, 
as in this case, live a thousand miles 
away, that his assistants, so efficient 
and so carefully selected by him, are 
confined in no "pent-up Utica," that 
patents, inventive genius and good- 
will have no local habitation, and that 
the buildings, so severely taxed, are 
the mere shell. 

When the new plant is completed 
some of the manufacturing now car- 
ried on in Claremont may be remov- 



280 



THE GRANITE MONTHLY 



ed thither, not all of it, probably for 
many years, out certain it is that no 
further extensions will be made here, 
and. as all manufacturers know, con- 
centration in a favorable location is 
the tendency of the age, so the day 
may come, — let us hope not for many 
years, — when the last machine will 
be turned on the banks of the little 
river, and the name Claremont, N. 
H., will be no longer familiar to 
miners and rock cutters from Alaska 
to Patagonia, from icy Spitsbergen 
to South Africa, from Australia. In- 
dia and the Straits Settlements to 
Japan and Northern China. 

Adjoining the plant above describ- 
ed is a large group of buildings 
where another manufacturing indus- 
try was established nearly eighty 
years ago. Cotton, the bulky raw 
material used by it, is brought from 
Texas fifteen hundred miles away. 
Jts product, still bulky, is transport- 
ed to the consumers an average dis- 
tance of a thousand miles ; its coal is 
brought from West Virginia. The 
writer has no knowledge of this com- 
pany's business, but believes that, 
thus handicapped, it is only by- the 
most commendable enterprise, in the 
production of an almost unrivalled 
specialty, that it has been able to do 
business at a profit. In the matter 
of lifting a:?sessed valuations the 
visiting statesmen were wholly im- 
partial; for the taxes of the cotton 
mill were likewise ''jacked up" in 



joyous disregard of the well known 
fact that the tendency of the cotton 
industry is strongly towards the cot- 
ton stales, states of cheap labor, 
cheap power and comparatively cheap 
taxes. 

These two industries in 1921 paid 
more than a third of the taxes paid 
in Claremont. Together, in ordinary 
times, they employ fully three-quar- 
ters of the men and women engaged 
in manufacturing industries in the 
town. 

The visiting statesmen were kind 
enough to explain that were all valu- 
ations doubled taxes would be halved, 
but failed to mention that wherever 
this interesting experiment has been 
tried the rate per thousand has very 
soon risen to what it was before. 
They visited us with the purpose of 
increasing assessed valuations. They, 
or at least some of them, may live 
to see that thus increasing valuations 
decreases values; for if the machinery 
of these two corporations were mov- 
ed away Main Street would be as 
silent as the hills, and signs "For 
Sale" in the windows of hundreds of 
village homes. When the manufac- 
turing buildings were sold, if any 
purchasers could be found, it is 
doubtful whether one twentieth of 
their present assessed valuation could 
be realized. The goose can be killed 
once, but not resuscitated to undergo 
the operation a second time. 



LAST DEATH 

By Harold Vinal. 

Tier beauty darker than the night, 
Lovelier than the rose, 
Lingered m my heart 
Till the long day's close. 

Then when stars turned. pale, 
Like a wafted breath; 
Hushed and shadowily as snow — 
She sank to death. 



&B\ 



A HISTORY OF STREET RAILWAYS AND POWER DEVELOPMENT 

IN NEW HAMPSHIRE 

By Frederick E. Webster e Vice-Pre&t & Trees., Massachusetts Northeastern 

St. v. Co., Haverhill, Mass. 



AN .ADDRESS BEFORE THE NEW ENGLAND STREET RAILWAY CLUB, 

MANCHESTER, N. H., MAY 25, 1922. 



Mr. President, Members of the New 
England Street Railzvay Club, and 
Guests: 

At a gathering in celebration of the 
fiftieth anniversary in the street rail- 
way industry of our distinguished 
and respected host, Mr. E. C. 
Foster, president of the Manchester 
Traction, Light and Power Company, 
it is particularly fitting that we should 
consider in a retrospective light the 
earl}- days of electric power genera- 
tion and the building and equipping 
of the present-day electric street rail- 
ways. 

A great deal of credit is due the 
pioneers of the '60s. 70s and '80s for 
their public spirit manifested in going 
ahead with their charters. From 
their devotion to an intense interest 
has resulted the power and street 
railway companies of to-day. Our 
present New Hampshire street rail- 
way systems, with an operated 
mileage of 240 miles, represent the 
out-growth of lines first created as 
horse railroads, among them being 
the Manchester Horse Railroad, 
chartered in 1864 and revived five 
years later. Numerous charters were 
taken out which were never exercis- 
ed — which is undoubtedly the case in 
other sections of the country — al- 
though that fact is indicative of the 
part taken by our ancestors in those 
industries which were destined to play 
such an important part in the future 
welfare of the people of this state. 

Public utilities have done more for 
the development of America's natural 
resources than have any other of the 
instruments of civilization. In de- 



veloping the bounties of nature they 
have brought them to the service of 
the whole people. Each and every 
form of public utility has contribut- 
ed to such development. Before the 
electric light and power companies 
high-grade illumination was unknown, 
and in factories there was a consider- 
able waste of time in turning shafts, 
pulleys and belts. These companies 
have taken advantages of the mys- 
teries of magnetism in producing 
power in a form which could be car- 
ried on wires and kept available for 
service on demand. 

New Hampshire, however, is not 
a large state, neither has it the natur- 
al resources from which a stupendous 
power like that of a "Niagara" can 
be developed, but it looks with a local 
pride to the Connecticut, from which 
power is taken for the supplying of 
current to the western part of the 
state and to many cities and industrial 
companies in Southern New Eng- 
land, and to the Merrimack which 
has been splendidly developed at 
Sewall's Falls and Garvin's Falls, 
where current is generated for the 
requirements of utilities at Concord 
arid Manchester. There are other 
developments in operation, along the 
Androscoggin and Blackwater rivers 
in the northern and central parts of 
the state, and that of the Lamprey 
River in the eastern part of the state, 
the development of which is in its 
infancy just at present but which is 
expected to show real progress in the 
early future. 

Under the electric system the cost 
of power begins with its utilization 
and ends when the need is completed. 



282 



THE GRANITE MONTHLY 



It means the distribution of power to 
places where the use of coal would 
be very expensive. It means, in ef- 
fect, also, the finding of a new coal 
supply for every horse-power de- 
veloped . 

It would be an impossibility for 
human mind to prognosticate the de- 
mands that will be made a score of 
years ahead for electrical current for 
domestic or power requirements. \Yc 
certainly cannot stand still, we must 
place ourselves in a position to meet 
the needs of users, but for that ser- 
vice there should be a rate represent- 
ing a fair return — not merely the 
non-confiscatory return that barely 
escapes condemnation of the courts, 
but a return sufficient to reward ef- 
ficiency and economy, and it is to be 
hoped that the development of our 
resources can continue and that our 
successors will be able to point to 
their achievements with the same de- 
gree of pride that we do as we reflect 
on the progress in which we have 
shared. 

Along with the advance in the 
electrical industry came the gradua- 
tion of horse railroad operations to 
lines operated by electric motive 
power. And in this connection we 
would be remiss in our duty to-day 
without a tribute to those who serv- 
ed as members of the former Rail- 
road Commission of New Hampshire 
and devoted so much of their, time 
to the companies seeking to improve 
the conditions in their respective sec- 
tions. The Railroad Commission 
was succeeded in 1911 by the Public 
Service Commission, and of the 
members of the former Commission 
it is a pleasure to recall that Honor- 
able Arthur G. Whittemore, of 
Dover, and Attorney-General Os- 
car D. Young, of Laconia, are still 
with us. 

In the Act creating the Public 
Service Commission the State Legis- 
lature gave that body broad and dis- 
cretionary powers which have been 
honestly and fearlessly exercised. 



An assignment to a tribunal stand- 
ing between the public and the cor- 
poration is not an enviable position, 
arid the trust imposed by the call to 
such service can only be met by a 
character that will judge and act as 
between the right and the wrong. It 
is necessary that appointments to the 
personnel of the Commission should 
be men of exceptional ability and 
training and the legislature can make 
an appropriation no more wisely, or 
for greater resultant good to its 
peoples than a sufficient allowance 
for the proper conduct of the office. 
Investigations conducted by the Com- 
mission are expensive, in that the 
rights of the public as well as the 
utilities have full measure of protec- 
tion, and the compensation for such 
a service should be sufficient to at- 
tract men of the highest calibre. 



There is much of interest in the 
early history of the street railway 
business as an industry. The first 
street horse car was built by John 
Stevenson, of New York, and was 
used upon a road which was opened 
November 26, 1851, but the develop- 
ment was very slow and it was not 
until 1856 that the first New England 
road was constructed in Boston. In 
1887 electricity was first successfully 
applied upon a street railway, and the 
following year witnessed the perfec- 
tion of the first overhead trolley in 
Richmond, Yirginia, on May 4th. 
It was a double-track line, had thirty 
cars in operation, and was built by 
Frank J. Sprague still a resident of 
New York. To Moses Gerrish 
Farmer, an American inventor and 
electrician, born in Boscawen and 
educated at Andover, in this State, is 
due the credit for the invention of 
the electrical locomotive. Since 1888, 
when it had become an established 
fact that electricity was to be general- 
ly employed as a motive power for 
street railway transportation the his- 
tory of street railroading has been a 



A HISTORY OF STREET RAILWAYS 



283 



record of changes from horse to 
electric power. 

In the place which New Hamp- 
shire holds in the development of the 
electric street railway industry one of 
our companies, the Dover. Somers- 
worth & Rochester, holds the proud 
distinction of being the second street, 
railway company in the United States 
in adopting and making use of elec- 
tricity as a motive power. Under 
the charter which was granted in 
1889 a new electric road was con- 
structed, extended to Great Falls 
(now Somersworth) and opened for 
business August 8, 1890. 

Outside the larger cities these 
roads were constructed by men who 
were residents of the towns in which 
they were located, and who had in 
view the development of those towns 
and convenience of themselves and 
neighbors more than the net earnings 
of the roads. They helped build 
street railways very much a^> they 
sometimes contributed to the erection 
of foundations or the construction of 
sidewalks. Each took' as many shares 
as he thought he could afford to, not 
as an investment but as one which 
would promote the prosperity of the 
community. The public as well as 
their owners regarded them as public 
improvements rather than as money- 
making enterprizes. Under those 
circumstances street railway corpora- 
tions were given all the rights and 
privileges they asked for, and they 
asked for more than any other class 
of profit-sharing corporations ever 
dared to and were permitted to charge 
for transportation all they could get. 
On the grounds that they were public 
improvements rather than specula- 
tive ventures they cost very little and 
in many cases they came to being 
dividend-paying properties which re- 
turned to their owners fair rates of 
interest upon the money invested in 
them. 



esting to consider what might have 
been the problems of the operators 
of the '80s in our own state. The 
first report of the Railroad Com- 
missioners under the "new" law and 
issued in 1884 states — "The total 
length oi horse railroads is 12.6S 
miles," and further, that it was 2.37 
miles in 1878 and 7.37 miles in 1880. 
These were the statistics for 1882. 
Construction was not progressing 



verv 



rapidly and mileage gained but 



In these days when we think we 
are having an uphill climb it is inter- 



3.1 miles in the next three years. It 
is learned that the gross earnings of 
the Manchester, Concord, Dover, La- 
conia and Lake Village comoanies 
for 1885 were $47,801.24, and for 
the following year $62,480.13. Dur- 
ing these two years the companies 
mentioned had a net income of $10,- 
07S.41. Thev carried 881,600 pas- 
sengers in 1885 and 1,105.888 in 1886. 
Progress at this period was apparent- 
ly slow, — there appears to have been 
quite a degree of doubt in the minds 
of the Railroad Commissioners as to 
whether or not the development was 
moving within the scope of personal 
benefit to the promoters rather than 
for the benefit of the public. An 
abstract from the 1890 report says— 

''The street railways of this State 
were originally constructed by men who 
had in view the development of sub- 
urban lands, or other incidental advan- 
tages to themselves, neighbors, and 
friends, rather than the direct profits 
which might result from investments in 
such properties, and in the early history 
of those enterprises most of them were 
controlled by those who had too much 
other business to give them close at- 
tention, and managed in some cases by 
those who were entirely unfamiliar with 
the work they undertook. Under such 
conditions they were not, of course, 
handled -in the best way, and they not 
only failed to command the patronage 
they might have had, but were allowed 
to rapidly deteriorate. ,! 

And further — 

"The Dover road, under the manage- 
ment of the Dow family. Mrs. Dow 
being president and her husband treas- 
urer, was a failure. It neither served 
the public satisfactorily nor earned the 
dividends it paid, but the transfer" of the 



284 



THE GRANITE MONTHLY 



Dow stock to Massachusetts capitalists 
gave them the franchise and what there 
was left of the equipment, and having 
obtained in August, 188°, a charter for 



a 



new electric sireet 



rai 



av to 



Great 



Falls, they proceeded, to consolidate the 
two. and then to dispose of the horses 
and cars and to remove the track of the 
old road, and finally to build in its place 
a new electric road, which was extend- 
ed to Great Falls and opened for busi- 
ness August 8. 1890." 

Even the Manchester road did not 
escape criticism because we find re- 
corded in the same report — 

"The Manchester road was much the 
worse for wear, its tracks badly out of 
repair, its horses old and feeble, its 
cars dingy and dilapidated, and its 
service fitful and unsatisfactory, when 
Gen. Williams purchased a controlling 
interest in its stock and began to im- 
press upon it his liberal and progressive 
management, which proceeds upon the 
theory that a railroad should first spend 
and then earn its money.. New trucks, 
new cars, and new horses have taken 
the place of old ones." 

But in 1892 an awakening as to the 
part street railways would play in the 
growth of the community occurred. 
Electricity was being substituted for 
motive power and the fact was in 
evidence that whenever this was done 
the next step would be to extend the 
tracks to neighboring towns. The 
controlling factor was expressed in 
this language — 

"Because, while it does not pay to 
haul cars by horse power over long 
stretches of unsettled territory in 'order 
to reach a village or pleasure resort, 
this can profitably be done by electri- 
city, after an electric plant has been es- 
tablished." 

At that time of the five street rail- 
ways in the state, two used electricity 
as motive power, and both paralleled 
broad gauge roads ; the Dover, be- 
tween that city and Great Falls, and 
the Concord, between that city and 
Pen a cook. 

The situation became a little troubl- 
ed in 1892 and the Legislature of 
1893 passed a bill which provided that 
the Railroad Commissioners should 
examine and report to the next ses- 



sion of the legislature as to what 
general legislation, if any, the public 
good required in reference to the 
poVers to be enforced upon, or ex- 
ercised by, railroads operated by other 
than steam power. And the bill 
further provided that pending such 
examination and until such report 
was made, all bills for the incorpora- 
tion of such railroads, or enlarging 
the powers of those areacly chartered, 
lie upon the table or be postponed 
until the next session of the general 
court. 

The Commission made a thorough 
study of the situation and came to 
this conclusion : 

"Assuming that the street railway of 
the future is to be an electric, that it is 
to be built, and financed by capitalists, 
probably from other states, for the pur- 
pose of making money, that it is to 
have at its command abundant cash, 
credit, courage and cunning, that it will 
be dominated by the same selfishness 
and shrewdness that characterize the 
management of great corporations gen- 
erally, we must welcome and encourage 
it, and at the same time prescribe such 
conditions as are fair and prudent. 

Oil July 1, 1896. seven street rail- 
roads having an aggregate of about 
sixty miles were in operation. They 
were capitalized at $1,358,500, and 
during the year following earned 
$282,820.97, and expended for oper- 
ation and fixed charges the sum of 
$2&2,S39:2&. None of them made an 
allowance for depreciation, and only 
one of them, the Manchester, paid a 
dividend. 

By 1900 construction work was 
well under way. The legislature of 
1899 had granted charters for eight 
electric street roads, and as many 
more unused ones granted by pre- 
vious legislatures were alive. The 
most important at that time was the 
building of an electric line in Ports- 
mouth, through the towns of Rye 
and North Hampton to a connection 
with the Exeter, Hampton & Ames- 
bury at Hampton line. A charter 
had been taken by the Boston & 
Maine Railroad permitting it to 



A HISTORY OB' STREET RAILWAYS 



S6l 



parallel its own tracks from Concord 
to Nashua, and the electrification of 
the Portsmouth & Dover branch of 
its road was contemplated. During 
the following year earnings increas- 
ed about $270*000, having reached ap- 
proximate!}' $552,500. 

The next important development, 
and perhaps the filial one, took place 
in 1902, and was that known as the 
"Lovell System.'* Mr. Lovell, as 
agent of the New Hampshire Trac- 
tion Company, had acquired or pro- 
duced the electric railways and other 
properties of the Exeter. Hampton & 
Amesbury ; the Amesbury & Hamp- 
ton ; the Haverhill, Plaistow & New- 
ton ; the Haverhill & Plaistow ; the 
Seabrook & Hampton Beach ; the 
Dover. Somersworth & Rochester ; 
the Portsmouth & Exeter; the Hud- 
son, Pelham & Salem; the Lawrence 
& Methuen ; the Haverhill & South- 
ern New Hampshire, and the Lowell 
tx Pelham Street Railway companies ; 
and the Rockingham County Light & 
Power Company; the Granite State 
Land Company, and the Canobie 
Lake Company. 

These companies experienced many 
of the hardships of lines constructed 
in sparsely settled sections, but they 
were destined to perform an impor- 
tant role in the transportation ser- 
vice of the state. Re-organizations 
were effected ; the Exeter, Hampton 
& Amesbury went through foreclos- 
ure proceedings and was sold to 
bondholders' committee in March. 
IPOS; the Portsmouth & Exeter was 
abandoned and its tracks torn up, 
and in 1913 there was merged into 
the Massachusetts Northeastern 
Street Railway Company the various 
street railway companies of the origi- 
nal "Lovell System" in New Hamp- 
shire and Massachusetts. Due to 
Federal Law the Dover company is 
not an integral part of the North- 
eastern. 

The altitude of the state legisla- 
ture in dealing with its street rail- 
ways has 'been that of a willingness 



to assist. Charters were freely given 
and for a long time were not restrict- 
ed as to when they should be exer- 
cised although that practice terminat- 
ed in due course. Under the gene- 
ral law, companies were exempted 
from taxation for ten years, but at 
the expiration of that period, and 
more particularly in the depression 
following the World War, many were 
rinding themselves in a position where 
the payment of a "state tax" was a 
real burden. Many of the companies 
had nothing left from earnings and 
credits had been seriously impaired. 
To meet this situation the legislature 
of 1919 passed a bill under which a 
corporation which had not, under 
efficient management, earned sufficient 
money to pay its operating expenses 
and fixed charges, including taxes 
and excluding interest on its indebt- 
edness, and to provide for necessary 
repairs, and maintenance of its pro- 
perties and adequate reserves for 
depreciation thereof, may be exempt- 
ed from the payment of taxes and to 
the extent and subject to the limita- 
tions of the act. Tins was a timely 
assistance and the relief offered has 
come at the most opportune time. 



In convening here to-day and such 
occasions come not too closely to- 
gether, a perfectly natural interest is 
aroused as to those who have been 
identified with the industry in our 
state. An effort has been made to 
obtain as much data as was possible 
concerning those who have been ac- 
tive in this work but the difficulty in 
obtaining it is doubtless realized. 

We all rejoice with our host, Mr. 
Foster, in rounding out these fifty 
years of railroad service — it repre- 
sents a wonderful service in the in- 
terests of the public. Mr. Foster 
was general manager of the Lynn & 
Boston companies and later presi- 
dent of the New Orleans Railways. 
Fie came to Manchester January 1, 
1912, at which time he was elected 
president of the Traction Company. 



286 



THE GRANITE MONTHLY 



Associated with Mr. Foster has been 
Mr. J. Brodie Smith tor whom we 
certainly have a warm place in our 
hearts. Air. Smith was the first 
superintendent of the Hen Franklin 
Electric Company which commenced 
business in the fall of 1896. The 
first alternating current, incandes- 
cent lights used in Manchester were 
put in operation by the Manchester 
Electric Light Company under his 
direction, and he also set up the first 
electric motor used for power pur- 
poses in Manchester. Gen. Charles 
Williams promoted the Manchester 
street railroad properties and in the 
old days N. IF Walker was super- 
intendent, later being located at 
Salem, N. H., and finally returning 
to the circus business. 

The Concord company was launch- 
ed under the leadership of one of its 
most substantial citizens and former 
mayors, Hon. Moses Flumprey. I 
doubt very much if Mr. Humprey 
could be termed a promoter. I knew 
him quite well. It is but natural, 
possibly, that I should find myself in 
the street railway business as my 
father superintended the building of 
the first car used on the lines of that 
company. 

The lines of the New Hampshire 
Traction Company interest were pro- 
moted by Mr. Wallace D. Lovell, and 
for a short time after Mr. Lovell's 
retirement they were presided over 
by Mr. Howard Abel, one of Mr. 
Lovell's experts. 

Mr. Lovell conceived the system of 
railways bearing his name and it was 
through his efforts that the money 
was secured from the bankers who, 
after the investment of great sums in 
the various enterprises, took over 
their management and control and 
organized the New Hampshire Trac- 
tion Company as the holding com- 
pany for their securities. Mr. Abel 
was selected by the bankers to or- 
ganize and complete the systems, but 
iic was not either friendly to Lovell 
nor was his presence welcome. 



Following the early struggle of 
those properties the New Hampshire 
Traction Company was succeeded by 
New Hampshire Electric Railways, 
and Mr. David A. Belden was elect- 
ed president, both of the parent com- 
pany and its subsidiaries. Mr. Bel- 
den is a man of broad experience in 
the railway industry, in operating as 
well as financial matters, and to him 
is due the credit for the perpetuity 
of the greater portion of the "Lovell" 
system With Mr. Belden was asso- 
ciated Mr. Franklin Woodman, who 
came to the properties in 1900 as gen- 
eral manager. Mr. Woodman was 
of an untiring disposition and it was 
due to his natural qualifications as a 
railroad man that the patrons of the 
road were so efficiently served. Mr. 
W^oodman retired in March, 1917, 
since which time Mr. Ralph D. Hood 
has served as vice-president and gen- 
eral manager. Mr. Flood was iden- 
tified with early street railway con- 
struction in New Hampshire acting 
in the capacity of engineer for the 
"Lovell" interests, and with him was 
asociated Mr. Arthur W. Dean, resi- 
dent engineer in charge of lay-out 
and construction between Nashua and 
Haverhill, Mass.' 

Mr. Dean later became Chief En- 
gineer of the New Hampshire Trac- 
tion Company leaving that office to 
become Engineer of the State of New 
Flampshire and still later of the Com- 
monwealth of Massachusetts. 

The Exeter, Hampton & Amesbury 
has had a more or less checkered 
career. It sponsored many of the 
railway projects and financial troubles 
were early encountered. At one 
time Mr. Warren Brown was presi- 
dent, and in 1898 Mr. A. E. McReel 
began his association with the pro- 
perty which continued for some four 
years. By legislative authority in 
1919 the towns of Exeter, Hampton, 
Hampton Falls and Seabrook were 
authorized to purchase all or any part 
of the properties and assets and of 
the shares of stock of this company. 



A HISTORY OF STREET RAILWAYS 



287 



The outcome of this municipal op- 
eration will be followed with inter- 
est. 

The Concord and Portsmouth 
companies are under the manage- 
ment of the Boston & Maine Rail- 
road, ddie superintendent at Con- 
cord is Mr. John B. Crawford, and 
at Portsmouth, Mr. William E. 
Dowdell is in charge. The Dover 
company is a subsidiary of New 
Hampshire Electric Railways, its 
local superintendent being Mr. L. 
E. Lynde, one of our active mem- 
bers. 

The Nashua company was or- 
ganized in 1SS5, and during its 
career was operated for a while un- 
der lease to the Boston & North- 
ern. At the expiration of the lease 
it returned to operation by its 
owners and is at present under the 
direction of Mr. Engelhardt W. 
Hoist, an engineer-manager. 

In passing we should not fail to 
recall Hon. John W. Sanborn, com- 
monly known as "Uncle John," op- 
posed to the granting of street 
railway franchises presumably be- 
cause of the competition they would 
arouse with the steam roads; 
neither should we overlook Hon. 
Henry M. Putney, former Railroad 
Commissioner, and from whose 
astute pen came so much of extra- 
ordinary interest in his editorials 
both officially and otherwise. 

But the public mind is rapidly 
undergoing a change. The outcry 
against excess! ve capitalization 
which has so often been heard has 
a standing no longer. Regulatory 
laws which have brought utilities 
and communities into closer rela- 
tion have been adopted by many 
states. To-day we are hearing 
more of "a reasonable return on 
capital honestly and prudently in- 
vested." Where excessive capi- 
talization has existed the regula- 
tor bodies have insisted upon a 
gradual writing off so that actual 
capital and fair present value are 



coming more closely together. The 
pubh'c has come to recognize the 
growing usefulness of the services 
of utilities, and the utilities have 
responded by an increased insur- 
ance against failure to function. A 
City or a town may get along with 
a poor municipal government but 
it cannot live without a good trans- 
portation service. 

The .street railway business in 
the United States is one of the larg- 
est enterprises. Mr. Hoover sur- 
prised the people with the state- 
ment that the electric railways di- 
rectly employ 300.000 workers, 
and that they purchase materials 
and supplies amounting to $500,- 
000,000 per year. Surely these are 
factors in the economic life of the 
nation. During this past month 
the thirty-fourth anniversary of 
the buth of the modern overhead 
trolley found the financial condi- 
tions of city electric • lines improv- 
ing but it is to be regretted that 
this improvement has not reached 
the interurban lines. 

New Hampshire has taken no 
steps in so-called cost-of-service 
legislation providing for the con- 
tinuance of service in sparsely 
populated sections. State or muni- 
cipal ownership has not proved 
highly successful and the business 
is too hazardous to warrant the 
adoption of laws by our legislature 
under which assessments would be 
levied on those communities where- 
in assistance is necessary to make 
railway operations successful. In 
cases where public authorities do 
not consider the continuation of a 
transportation company as longer- 
being necessary for the accommoda- 
tion of the public then that line 
should be abandoned. The next 
few years may witness such a 
movement. 

The total operating revenue of 
180 companies in 1921, representing 
more than 50^ of the total indus- 
try in the United States, amounted 



2SS THE GRANITE MONTHLY 

to $457,500,000, as compared with fording an increased purchasing 

$650,000,000, for the entire industry power to railways, and results 

as reported by the United States should be apparent in an improve- 

Census for 1917. With a return rnent in railway credit. All indus- 

to normalcy undoubted])" traction tries were not hard hit at the same 
lines will enjoy renewed prosperi- . time and they will doubtless revive 

ty. One bright spot in the result in like manner. Many lines of 

appears in the lower operating business are showing an improve- 

ratio in 1921— these percentages rnent, our own already displaying 

were reduced from 78.4 in 1920 to that tendency. We should not al- 

75.2 in 1921. This condition re- low ourselves to be pessimistic to- 

sults from economies in operating day and optimistic to-morrow, — 

expenses and efforts of the oper- we should have our stead) nerve 

ating departments to effect savings with us all the time, and that if we 

wherever and whenever possible. have a reaction we should know 

Net operating revenues show an that it is only temporary, 
increase of some $14,000,000 af- 



SEARCH. 

By Joint Rollhi Stuart. 

"Lover tarry, here is moonlight — 
Tarry Courser, here is spring ; 
In the land of life discover 
Where the brooks forever sing. 

"Know tonight the moon's affection 
And tomorrow love the sun. 
For your breathing must not falter 
Over beauty Earth has spun. 

"Sorrow craven, you are banished, 
In my garden Laughter wins; 
Furl the sail and loo.se the rudder, 
Here no heartsore road begins." 



'& 



Thus we hear a midnight whisper 
Thus our lamps are fuel-filled; 
Yet, behold, each day another 
Larkentine the storm has killed! 



39\ 



LAKE WINNIPESAUKEE 

By Mary Blake Benson. 



''Yon hill's reel crown 
Of old the Indian trod, 
And through the sunset air looked down 
Upon the Smile of God. 
He saw these mountains in the light 
Which now across them shines; 
This lake, in summer sunset bright 
Waited round with sombering pines/' 

The region of Winnipesaukee 
was a favorite one with the In- 
dians, as was indeed, the whole val- 
ley of its outlet all the way to the 
sea. It was., naturally, the center 
of trails from all directions. 
Along its shores they held their 
tribal feasts and their councils of 
war. From the tops of the sur- 
rounding mountains flashed their 
signal tires and beside the shining 
waters of the lake, many questions 
of importan.ee were raised and 
settled. 

From the south came the Pena- 
ccoks, *:he Nashuas and remote 
tribes from the Massachusetts Bay 
territory. From the west and 
north-west through the valley of 
the Connecticut and along Bakers 
River and the Pemigewasset came 
the Iroquois, the St. Francis and 
others. From the valley of the Os- 
sipee the Saco and the Androscoggin 
came the Pewauketts and Ossipees, 
while from the east came up the 
Cochecos and other tribes of Maine. 

The Penacooks were the most 
powerful tribe and occupied the 
region around Concord, New Hamp- 
shire. Passaconaway was their chief. 

His name as written bv him- 
self was PA-PIS-SE-CON-E-AYA, 
meaning "The Child of the Bear." 
It was claimed that he was a magi- 
cian and even the best authorities 
seem to agrte that he had much 
skill in jugglery. 

"Burned for him the drifted snow 
Bade through ice fresh lillies blow 
And the leaves of summer grow 
Over winter's wood." 
He was both wise and cunning 



and possessed a superior mental 
ability and an uncommon nobleness 
of soul. The very ability which led 
him to the chieftainship of the con- 
federated tribes evidently led him 
to see that eventually his race must 
bow to that of the white men; for 
he sought the friendship of the 
English and tried to secure friendly 
relations between them and his 
people. At a great feast and dance 
of his tribe held in 1660, he made 
the following speech as he resigned 
his position to his son, Wonolanset. 

"Hearken to the last words 
of your father and friend. The 
white, men are sons of the morning. 
The Great Spirit is their father. 
His sun shines bright above them. 
Never make war with them, for so 
sure as you light the tires, the breath 
of Heaven will turn the flames upon 
you and destroy you. Listen to my 
advice. It is the last I shall be al- 
lowed to give you. Remember it 
and live." 

This fine old Indian was always 
a friend to the white man, as was 
also his son who succeeded him; 
and although the latter was so un- 
justly treated by some of the grasp- 
ing whites, that he withdrew from 
the river and lake valley and made 
his home in Canada, yet he restrain- 
ed his followers from acts of retali- 
ation as long as it lay within his 
power. 

Most of the seashore Indians went 
inland to the head waters of the 
Merrimac as the season for shad and 
salmon approached. 

The first great assembly place 
was at Namaskeag Falls or Man- 
chester, and later at the outlet of 
Lake Winnipesaukee. At the low- 
er falls the fish arrived about corn 
planting time, but at Namaskeag 
nearly two weeks later, and at the 
lake still later when the planting 



290 



THE GRANITE MONTHLY 



season was over and the Indians 
had more leisure. Fur this reason 
the upper fishing places were ' held 
in the highest esteem. 

In the early days, before the 
darns, the salmon and shad came up 
the lower part of the Merrimac to- 
gether, but parted company at the 
forks, the former choosing the cold- 
er waters oi the Pemanigawassett 
and the latter going up the Win.ni- 
pesaukee River to the lake. 

Near the outlet of Wirinipesau- 
kee, at what is now The Weirs, 
there was a permanent Indian vil- 
lage, which was located about a 
quarter of a mile south of the pre- 
sent railroad station on the west- 
ern hillside. 

"Here by this stream in days of old. 
The red men lived who lie in mould; 
The leaves that once their history knew 

Their crumhliry pages hide from view, 
ranoelcs;, lies the lonesome shore, 
The wigwam's ineense wreathes no 
more." 

The New Hampshire tribes were 
known as The Nipmucks, or "Fresh 
Water People," and it was they 
who built the great stone fish trap 
or weirs in the river at a proper 
distance from the outlet of the lake. 

They called the place Ahquedauk- 
enash. from Ahque, to stop, and 
Auke, a place ; thus, stopping places 
or dams; this being the plural form. 
The white settlers spelled the name 
in various way?, but perhaps the 
most common form used was 
Aquedoctan. The word means ex- 
actly the same as the word " Weirs," 
a dam or stopping place for taking 
fish. They gave the place this name 
because these weirs were perman- 
ent. Such devices as were built on 
the seashore or in tide water 
streams are often made of poles 
driven into the sand with brush 
woven into wicker work, but those 
at Aquedoctan were very skilfully 
constructed of stone. Large stones 
were placed in the current a foot or 
more apart and to them wicker work- 
was fastened. The weirs were built 



somewhat in the shape of a letter 
W. The uprights pointing up 
stream towards the lake, and the 
lower points being left open about 
two feet; the walk on either side 
running toward the. shores with 
the middle part of the W being 
so many cages into which the fish 
crowded and were easily caught with 
nets, spears, or even by hand. The 
Indians would paddle about in their 
canoes and quickly till their frail 
crafts, take their catch ashore to the 
squaws, who split and cleaned the 
fish and either laid them aside to 
dry or else hung them up and smok- 
ed them for winter use. 

When the white settlers came 
they found the weirs in good condi- 
tion. They were in use in 1652, 
and both explorers and natives re- 
lied upon them for food. Fish war- 
dens were later appointed, w T ho 
went two days each week to see 
that the fish were evenly divided. 

In September, when the fish 
went down stream they were thin 
and lean, but the eels which mi- 
grated with them were fat and in 
their prime; so the same weirs, 
with an added contrivance, was 
used for their capture. From the 
lower points of the W which were 
left open, passageways were built 
about six feet long, and at their 
lower ends holes were dug about 
three feet deep and four feet across, 
in which wicker baskets were sunk. 
Into these the struggling, slippery 
eels would drop, and the Indians 
could easily catch them. 

The W r eirs, being a permanent 
settlement of Indians, many relics 
have been found on the site of 
their village and along the shore 
nearby. 

Beside the Indian Settlement 
at the Weirs, there was, at a much 
earlier date, a strong Indian forti- 
fication at East Tilton on a point 
of .land formed by the Winnipe- 
saukee River and Little Bay. This 
was doubtless one of a chain of 



LAKE WINNIPESAUKEE 



291 



forts built by the Penacooks and 

their eastern allies, the Pequaukets. 

In times of war, Winnipesaukee 

was a great rallying place for the 

various bands of Red Men. 

The waters of the lake furnished 
them with an inexhaustible supply 
of food and the water ways, or the 
ice, supplied easy methods of travel 
in various directions. 

Most of the roving Indians 
which attacked the New Hampshire 
and eastern and central Massachu- 
setts settlements came from Can- 
ada by way of \\ innipesaukee. 

The old Indian trail stretched 
from St. Lawrence to the ocean. 
It ran through Pieneville, near 
Montreal, along the St. Francis 
River , across Lake Memphrema- 
gog. then through dense woods to 
the Connecticut River, down this 
water way to the region of what 
is now Haverhill, Xew Hampshire, 
across the ridge near Mooselaukee 
to Warren, down Bakers River, 
Asquam Lake, by Winnipesaukee 
and the Pemmigawasset, along 
to Alton Bay, and from there across 
the country to the coast. 

Cotton Mather in 1702 thus de- 
scribes the carrying away of one 
woman captive after an expedition 
against Dover. 

"It was a terrible march, through 
the thick woods and a thousand 
other miseries, till they came to 
the Norway Plains (Rochester.) 
From thence they made her go to 
the end of Winnopisseog Lake, and 
from thence eastward, through 
horrid swamps, where sometimes 
they must scramble over huge trees 
fallen by storm or age, for a vast 
way together, and sometimes they 
must climb up long, steep, tire- 
some, and almost inaccessible 
mountains — a long and sad jour- 
ney she had of it — in the midst of 
a dreadful winter — at last they ar- 
rived in Canada." 

Probably the first white people 
to pass over this trail, were the 



captives thus carried by the In- 
dians, and the discomforts and fear 
which they endured doubtlessly 
drove all thought for, or apprecia- 
tion of, the wonderful beaut} - of the 
country from their minds. 

The name "Winnipesaukee" is 
taken from the Algonquin language 
and has been variously translated 
as meaning "The Smile of the 
Great Spirit," "Good Water with 
Large Pour out Place," and "Beau- 
tiful W^ater in a High Place." 

J. Hammond Trumbull, who has 
made an extensive study of Indian 
Geographical names, tells us that 
the real meaning of the word is 
simply "Good Water Discharge," 
the name evidently applying for- 
merly to the outlet, rather than 
to the lake itself. 

Judge Chandler E. Potter in his 
excellent book on "The History of 
Manchester" is responsible for the 
translation reading "Beautiful 
Water in a High Place," regarding 
which J. Hammond Trumbull says, 
in part, "Judge Potter is demon- 
strably wrong, inasmuch as he as- 
sumes that IS or ES represents 
KE2ES, meaning high, to which as- 
sumption there are two objections ; 
the first being that there is no evi- 
dence that any such word as KEEiS, 
meaning high, is to be found in any 
Algonquin language, and secondly, 
that KEES could not possibly drop 
its initial K and still preserve its 
meaning." 

The name of this lovely lake 
has been spelled in a multitude of 
ways. One writer tells us that he 
actually found in various kinds of 
manuscript, 132 different forms of 
spelling. Of that number "Winni- 
pesaukee" is most commonly used 
at the present time, while the rive 
following will give the reader an 
idea of the peculiar variations of 
which the word is possible. 

WINNIPISEOKEE W [ XEPISEOKA 

WTNEPESOCKY VVINNEPESEGCKEE 

NIKISIPIQUE 



*m 



PASCATAQUACK AND KENEBECK 



Bv Eluin L. Pane. 



Both Bradford and VVinthrop have 
preserved the story of the poacher 
from Piscataqua who invaded tlie 
Plymouth trading patent on the Ken- 
nebec. How lie there met a tragic 
end. and the consequences which fol- 
lowed, including the detention of 
John Alden, the intervention of Miles 
Standish, and indirectly the imprison- 
ment of Edward Winslow in the 
Fleet, make an interesting narrative 
collateral to early New Hampshire 
history. Strangely enough this 

story, which involves so many ar- 
resting personalities, has been over- 
looked by our general historians. 

The Plymouth Colony struggled out 
of debt by means of Indian trade. 
Beaver was her economic salvation. 
But furs were scarce in the vicinity 
of Plymouth, and after the harvest 
of 1625 Winslow and other - "old- 
standers" took a boat-load of corn 
to the Kennebec and returned with 
seven hundred pounds of beaver, be- 
sides other furs. The next year, or 
perhaps the next but one. the trouble- 
some Thomas Morton beat them in 
the race to Maine and hindered the 
Plymouth folk of a season's furs. 

Allerton. in England in 1627, 
sought a patent on the Kennebec for 
the Plymouth Colony. This he 
brought over the following year, but 
"so straite & ill bounded, as they 
were faine to renew & inlarge it the 
next year." As thus corrected, the 
patent included several hundred square 
miles. Upon it. in 1628. Plymouth 
set up a permanent trading house at 
Cushnoc, now Augusta. At the 
same time the Plymouth traders found 
a better medium of exchange in 
"wampampeake," which they first in- 
troduced in the buying of furs in 
those parts. The value of wampurn 
was taught them by their Dutch 
neighbors -not the only instance of 
friendly aid from that direction. 
Thus the colony on Cape Cod Bay 



found itself doubly intrenched 
against "those of Piscataqua," who 
had already, as Bradford notes, shown 
some disposition to invade the terri- 
tory Which Plymouth had opened up 
to the fur trade. 

This was the situation when, in the 
spring of 1634, the poacher sailed his 
bark up the Kennebec. His name 
was John Hockin, or Hocking. From 
which of the Piscataqua settlements 
he came can be inferred only from 
the statement of Winthrop that he 
employed a pinnace belonging to 
Lord Say and Lord Brook. He must, 
therefore, have come from Dover, 
for a year or two earlier Lords Say 
and Brook. Sir Richard Saltonstall 
and others had purchased the former 
Hilton interests upon the recommen- 
dation of their Massachusetts friends. 
Probably Hocking was one of the 
uqw emigrants sent from England in 
1633, producing what Mr. James 
Truslow Adams has termed "a series 
of explosions, which subsequently 
prepared the way for annexation by 
Massachusetts." 

So Hocking came to Cushnoc. It 
immediately became evident that fair 
competition was no part of his plan; 
that he intended to go up river be- 
yond the Plymouth house, and thus 
cut oft the trade with the Indians 
bearing furs from the north. He 
was forbidden to do so ; he was urg- 
ed not to do the patentees "that in- 
jurie. nor goe aboute to miring their 
liberties, which had cost them so 
dear. But he answered he would goe 
up and trade ther in dispite of them, 
and lye ther as longe as he pleased." 

There was but one retort left to 
the troubled traders of Plymouth: 
their patent authorized them to make 
prize of "all such persons, their ships 
and goods, as shall attempte to in- 
habite or trade with ye savage people 
of that countrie." And so, as Brad- 
ford tells the story : "The other tould 



PASCATAQUAK AND KENEBECK 



293 



him he must then be forced to remove 
him from thence, or make seasure of 
him if he could. He bid him doe 
his worste, and "so went up, and 
anchored ther." 

Bradford proceeds: 

"The other tookc a boat & some men 
& went up to hire., when he saw his 
time, and againe enaeated him to de- 
par te by what perswasion he eon Id. 
But all in vaine: lie could gett nothing 
of him but ill words. So he considred 
that now was y e season lor trade to 
come downe, and if he should suiter him 
to lye, & take it from them, all ther 
former charge would be lost, and they 
had better throw up all. So, consult- 
ing with his men, (who were willing 
thertoe,) he resolved to put him from 
his anchores, and let him drive downe 
y"c river with y e streame; but comanded 
y° men y* none should shoote a shote 
upon any occasion, except he comand- 
ed them." 

But this peaceful procedure, so far 
less drastic than the seizure authoriz- 
ed by the patent, resulted tragically. 

"He [the nameless Plymouth leader] 
spoake to him againe, but all in vaine; 
Lhen he sente a cuple in a canow to cutt 
his cable, the which one of them per- 
form.es; but Hocking taks up a pece 
which he had laved ready, and as y e 
barke shered by } e canow, he shote him 
close under y e side, in y e head, (as I 
take it,) so he fell downe dead instant- 
ly. One of his fellows (that loved him 
well) could not hold, but with a muskett 
shot Hocking, who fell downe dead and 
never speake word. This was y e truth 
of y e thing." 

Hocking's men returned to Dover, 
whence there soon went to Lord Say 
and Lord Brook a letter leaving out 
every circumstance except that the 
inoffensive Hocking had been killed 
in cold blood by men from Plymouth. 
Their Lordships in England were 
much offended until, as will later ap- 
pear, they learned the whole story. 

Meanwhile the news spread quickly 
and came to the Bay in a much dis- 
torted form. The Bay people, as al- 
ways, were gloriously shocked with 
the misdeeds of others. The col- 
onists at Plymouth, having all the 
facts, were "sadly affected with y e 
thing." The conscience of the Bay- 



took upon that colony the customary 

duty of dealing with an affair which 
was none of their business — unless, 
indeed, England's reaction to the 
homicides might affect the home- 
land's attitude towards the colonial 
question in general. 

So when, shortly afterwards, the 
Plymouth- vessel had business at 
Boston and John Alclen went thither, 
he was clapped into prison upon com- 
plaint of a kinsman of Hocking. 
Alden had been on the Kennebec, 
though not party to the trouble. 
This, to use Bradford's mild lan- 
guage, "was thought Strang''' at Ply- 
mouth. 

Forthwith Captain Standish was 
sent to the Bay to give true informa- 
tion and procure Alden's release. 
His mission was partly successful. 
As appears from Governor Dudley's 
letter to Bradford, the Bay magistra- 
tes, conceiving that the Plymouth 
men had possibly acted within their 
rights, set Alden at liberty, but bound 
Standish to appear twelve days later 
with sworn copies of the patent and 
proofs of the provocation given by 
Hocking. Having thus maintained 
the jurisdiction of Massachusetts 
Bay to try men of another colony for 
acts committed far from the bounds 
of Massachusetts, Dudley absolved 
himself from all unkindness, wished 
recovery of health to Bradford, sent 
loving remembrances to Governor 
Prince, Winslow and Brewster, and 
added, "The Lorde keepe you all. 
Amen. Your very loving friend is 
our Lord Jesus, THO: DUDLEY." 

Standish seems to have appeared 
in the Massachusetts Court in ac- 
cordance with his bond and to have 
borne a letter from Governor Prince 
demanding the rights of his colony. 
Dudley was probably inclined to the 
Plymouth view, but the Court was 
seriously divided, and instead of 
pressing for a decision, he advised 
Bradford to Wait, as "time cooleth 
distempers." 

Perhaps not a little of the strained 



294 



THE GRANITE MONTHLY 



relations between the two colonics 
grew from the incident of 1631, when 
a boat from the Bay traded for corn 
with the Indians on Cape Cod. which 
Plymouth viewed as her preserve. 
A Salem pinnace, going for the Same 
purpose, was driven by storm into 
Plymouth, where the Governor for- 
bade such trading", and said, it would 
be opposed by force, "even to spend- 
ing of their lives." 

In Plymouth there was every dis- 
position to view the Massachusetts at- 
titude as "more then was mete," but 
"perswaded what was done was out 
of godly zeale, that religion might 
not suffer, nor sinne any way cover- 
ed or borne with, especially y e guilte 
of blood," they determined to meet 
their intrusive neighbors in a Chris- 
tian spirit. So. in order to mollify 
them,' they sought advice and direc- 
tion from Winthrop and- other rev- 
erend magistrates at Boston. Pro- 
bably, also, they thought, as Dudley 
did, that troubles might come over in 
the next ship from England, and that 
a united front was desirable. 

Winthrop suggested a sort of inter- 
colonial court to include representa- 
tives from neighboring plantations, 
especially from Piscataqua and Mas- 
sachusetts, with "full power to order 
& bind, &c," providing that the liber- 
ties of no place be prejudiced; and, 
as "y e preist lips must be consulted 
with," the ministers of every planta- 
tion should be present to give advice, 
in point of conscience. This seemed 
dangerous, but Plymouth, having the 
courage of a good conscience, invited 
Massachusetts, Salem and Piscataqua 
to attend at Boston, with any others 
they desired to bring. 

As an intercolonial court, the meet- 
ing at Boston was a failure ; only 
Plymouth and Boston answered the 
call. Nevertheless it was a satisfac- 
tory lovefeast for both parties. The 
Bay peopde were satisfied because they 
had an opportunity to assume a quasi- 
jurisdiction over the killings on the 
Kennebec ; it gave their magistrates 



and divines occasion to exercise their 
casuistical arts in a moot-court. Ply- 
mouth, was satisfied because the con- 
clusion reached was favorable to 
them. Both were satisfied with the 
complete agreement reached as to 
means for avoiding trouble with 
their common enemies in England. 

From Plymouth came Bradford, 
"Win slow and the Reverend Ralph 
Smith. They were met by Winthrop, 
the Reverend John Cotton and the 
Reverend John Wilson. First they 
sought the Lord. Then they dis- 
cussed "some passages at which they 
had taken offence." but these were 
"soon cleared." Probably there was 
early agreement in the statement of 
Winthrop that the incident "had 
brought us all and the gospel under 
a common reproach of cutting one 
another's throats for beaver." In 
this Christian spirit they discussed the 
issues. 

The first question was the right of 
the Pilgrims to hinder others from 
trading at the Kennebec. The 
patent clearly answered in the 
affirmative. But the joint-council 
did not stop at this point. Winthrop 
had some legal learning, and he now 
declared for the first time his theory 
of vacuum domiciliiim; the place had 
been found untenanted by Indians 
and held in possession divers years 
without interruption or claim of any 
of the natives ; adverse claims of 
Englishmen like Morton could not 
impeach the rights of the first white 
occupants. A few years later Win- 
throp availed himself of the same 
principle in support of the claim of 
Massachusetts to the Hampton lands 
granted by the Indians (but not oc- 
cupied by them) to Wheelwright. 
In course of time the maxim of 
vacuum domiciliiim became New Eng- 
land law. 

But, granted the right, in point of 
conscience could Plymouth stand on 
it so far as to hazard any man's life 
in defence of it? This was the field 
of the ministers. Plymouth alleged 



PASCATAQtJAK AND KENEBKCK 



295 



that their man had killed Hocking - in 
defence of the second Pilgrim who 
was about to be shot, at the same 
time admitting a breach, of ''"the Sixth 
Commandment in not waiting to pre- 
serve their rights by other means 
than killing. They wished it had not 
been done ; they would guard against 
it in future. Was it urged that the 
man who fired on Hocking from the 
pinnace "loved well" the man who 
had been murdered in the canoe? 
The record does not state. Through- 
out the discussion, only the highest 
grounds of morality seem to have 
been touched. Plymouth's frank- 
ness and forbearance were met by 
Massachusetts with "grave & godly 

exhortations which they allso 

imbraced with love & thankfullnes 

And thus was this matter ended, 

and ther love and concord renewed." 

Forty days later Bradford and Col- 
lier went to Boston by appointment 
to meet Captain Wiggin. Governor at 
Dover, about Hocking's death. Wig- 
gin apparently did not appear. The 
manly advances of the Pilgrims seem 
never to have been met halfway by 
Piscataqua. 

Edward Winslow was sent to Eng- 
land with letters from Winthrop and 
Dudley to Lord Say and others. 
These, with letters from Plymouth 
and the verbal explanations of Win- 
slow , readily satisfied the English 
proprietors of Dover, who in October, 
had written Winthrop that they had 
forborne sending a man-of-war to 
batter down the Kennebec trading 
house, hoping that the Bay people 
would join with Wiggin in seeing jus- 
tice done. Winslow took over nearly 
four thousand pounds of beaver, be- 
sides other furs, so that Plymouth's 
season at the Kennebec had a rich 
reward. 

Winslow tarried in England to per- 
form other missions, one of which 
was the answer of complaints made 
at the Council Board against the con- 
duct of affairs in New England, 
chiefly at the Bay. All was going 



well, and Winslow seemed about to 
get authority for the colonies to re- 
sist encroachments of the French in 
Maine and of the Dutch on the Con- 
necticut, when he found this ran 
counter to the plan of Archbishop 
Laud to send over Sir Ferdinando 
Gorges as Governor General of all 
Xew England. 

At this point Morton of Merry- 
mount re-appeared. Himself the 
first poacher on the Kennebec patent, 
shortly after dispossessed of his plan- 
tation by Standish for other mis- 
deeds, and finally banished by Mas- 
sachusetts Bay and watching the fir- 
ing of his buildings as he sailed down 
Boston Harbor on his way back to 
England, he was now only too pleas- 
ed to whisper in the Archbishop's ear 
information which caused Laud to 
smile grimly. 

On Winslow's next appearance be- 
fore the Council. Morton made cer- 
tain formal complaints. Winslow 
met them to the satisfaction of the 
Board, who rebuked Morton and 
blamed Gorges and Mason for coun- 
tenancing him. Thus faded Gorges' 
dream to be Governor General. But 
Laud now played the trumps which 
Morton had dealt him. He question- 
eded Winslow. Had he taught in 
the church publicly? Had he of- 
ficiated at marriages? To both 
Winslow confessed, justifying the 
former by the want of a minister 
in the earlier days, and the latter by 
the fact that marriage was a civil 
thing belonging to the function of the 
magistrates and having scriptural 
countenance. The Archbishop, "by 
vemente importunity," induced the 
Board to commit Winslow. So for 
seventeen weeks the Puritan ag r ent lay 
in the Fleet. Thereby the New Eng- 
enders lost their petition for leave 
to repulse foreign invasion, but the 
Puritans for a time postponed the 
sending of a Royal Governor. 

And so the Pilgrims traded at the 
Kenebec, not forever after (that 
would be too much like the fairy 



2% 



THE GRANITE MONTHLY 



story) but until 1662. when trade fell 
off. By thai time, however, the little 
colony planted on a rather unproduc- 
tive shore had wen a sound pros- 
perity. The beaver had saved them. 
Meanwhile, in 1646, Father Drouil- 
lette came down from Canada and 
visited the station. John Winslow, 
then the agent, gave him hearty wel- 
come and allowed him to plant a 
Jesuit mission for the Indians just 
above Cushnoc. Those who view 
the settlers of New England as con- 
sistently intolerant will note that the 
liberal course of John Winslow was 
approved generally by the clergy of 
the time. 

One other incident, in 1639, also 
no part of our story, deserves men- 
tion for its antiquarian interest. It 
is one of those naive stories of Provi- 



dential interposition which Winthrop 
loved to relate. The Indians on the 
Kennebec wanted food and were 
tempted by the great store at the 
trading house. They conspired to 
kill the English for their provisions. 
Coming into the house, they found 
the master, Mr. Willett. ' "Being 
reading in the Bible, his contenance," 
as Winthrop gravely records, "was 
more solemn than at other times, so 
as he did not look cherefully upon 
them, as he was wont to do;. where- 
upon they went out and told their 
fellows, their purpose was discover- 
ed. They asked them, how could it 
be. The others told them, that they 
knew it by Mr. Willet's countenance, 
and that he had discovered it by a 
book that he was reading. Where- 
upon they gave over their design." 



HOMESICK. 

By Cora S. Day. 

Through Indian Summer's smoky haze, 

Or Winter's veil of snow; 
In Summer's blazing heart of gold. 

When Spring's white blossoms blow 
Though sunshine light the day for me, 

Or rain blot out the view; 
My dreaming heart is breaking, dear, 

For you, sweetheart, for you. 



The South, may call me to its arms, 
The West to venture high ; 

The North may send its cooling breath 
I turn from them and sigh 

For dear New England's rocky hills. 
For .steep paths that we knew. 

Dear, when I'm free, I'm coming back- 
Back home, sweetheart, to you. 



3^7 



NEW HAMPSHIRE DAY BY DAY 



There was a time, early in the his- 
tory of New England, when men from 
Massachusetts played a large part in 
the history of New Hampshire; but 
ever since John Stark marched to 
Bunker Hill the shoe has been on the 
other toot. From Daniel Webster 
and Henry Wilson down to the pres- 
ent time the Granite State has been 
exporting brains to the Bay State, 
much to the benefit of the latter 






1 



be 



Chan xiNG H. Cox 

commonwealth, whatever may 
said as to our own. 

Why we repeat here and now this 
widely known and often mentioned 
fact is because of the prominence 
being given at this time of writing to 
the candidacy of two men of Xew 
Hampshire birth for the most im- 
portant office^ to be filled by the 



voters of 



assachusetts at the 



November election; Governor Chan- 
ning H. Cox, Republican, for re-elec- 
tion, and Sherman L. Whipple, Demo- 
crat, for United States Senator. 
Governor Cox was born in Man- 



ehester, Feb. 28, 1879; the son of 
Charles F. and Evelyn (Randall) 
Cox, and prepared in the public 
schools of that city for Dartmouth 
College where he graduated in 1901, 
taking his LL. B. from Harvard 
Daw School three years later. His 
career in the politics of his adopted 
state has been one of remarkably un- 
broken success and includes eight 
years in the legislature f three terms 
speaker of the House), two years as 
lieutenant governor and two vears as 
governor. Ability and courage, 
tact and good fellowship have been 
equal components in his distinguished 
career, which has net yet reached its 
culmination. It is impossible for his 
friends and admirers in his native 
state to believe that his administrative 
economies, the excellence of his ap- 
pointments and the general high 
standard of his service as Governor 
are not so well appreciated in Mas- 
sachusetts as to make his renomina- 
tion and re-election sure. 



At our request, Mr. Henry H. Met- 
calf, who of all Xew Hampshire 
men, perhaps, knows Mr. Whipple 
best and is in most thorough sympathy 
with his political principles, has writ- 
ten of him as follows : 

"The recent announcement by Sher- 
man L. Whipple, the eminent Bos- 
ton lawyer, of his candidacy for the 
Democratic nomination for United 
States Senator from Massachusetts, 
to succeed Henry Cabot Lodge, whose 
term expires on the 4th of March 
next, calls attention to another 
native of Xew Hampshire, conspicu- 
ous in the professional and public life 
of the old Bay State. 

"Mr. Whipple, who was born in 
the town of Xew London. March 4. 
1862. is a great grandson of Moses 
Whipple, one of the early settlers of 
the town of Croydon, long its fore- 
most citizen, who commanded a com- 



298 



THE GRANITE MONTHLY 



pany under Stark at Bennington. 
His father was Dr. Solon ion M. 
Whipple, long a prominent physician 
of New London, who married Henri- 
etta Kimball 1 Jersey of Sanbornton. 
"He fitted for college at Colby 
Academy, and graduated with high 
honor from Yale College in L88T, 
when 19 years of age. and from Yale 



by able and experienced practitioners, 
he has made his way. to the front, 
through patient and persevering effort, 
till he now holds first place among 
the successful lawyers of the New 
England Metropolis both as regards 
the extent of his practice and the 
measure of material returns. 

"This success has been attained by 



' 




i. 
i 

4 

"ill 
. i 


Sherman L. 


YYlJ [PPLE 





Law School in 1884, in which year 
he was admitted to the bar and com- 
menced practice in .Manchester. 
His ambition, however, sought a 
larger and more promising field, and 
he removed in the following year to 
Boston, where he has since been in 
practice, and where, though commenc- 
ing as a young man among strangers, 
backed by no interests, and command- 
ing the assistance of no powerful 
friends, with the field well occupied 



untiring devotion to the demands of 
his profession. If, as has been said, 
'The Law is a jealous Mistress,' it 
has found him a most loyal devotee. 
While keeping abreast with the times 
in his familiarity with the world's 
activities in all lines of human pro- 
gress, and especially in the political 
field, and while devotedly attached to 
the principles of the Democratic party. 
in whose faith lie was reared, he has 
given his undivided attention to the 



NEW HAMPSHIRE DAY BY DAY 



299 



work of his profession, in which he 
has ever Found delight. 

"In turning his attention now to 
the field of politics, after attaining 
the summit of professional success, 
Mr. Whipple is actuated by no per- 
sona! ambition. He yields only to the 
persistent appeals of party leaders 
and discerning men who find in him 
the best hope for successful leadership 
in a contest of vast consequence to 
their party and the country, and an 
awakened sense of personal duty. 

"Whatever may be the outcome of 
the contest upon -which he has 
entered — first for the nomination, 
against prominent men in his own 
party already in the held. and. if suc- 
cessful here, in the struggle for elec- 
tion against the veteran Senator, so 
long entrenched in the office, there 
can be no question of ample quali- 
fications on his part for the position 
he seeks. He is the intellectual peer 
of any man in the Senate today; 
is thoroughly familiar with the politi- 
cal history of the nation and the im- 
portant questions now at issue, is 
heartily in sympathy with the masses 
of the people and can be depended 



upon to work for their welfare, as 
against all special interests or com- 
binations. The same keen insight, 
clear comprehension and forceful 
readiness in speech and action, which 
have characterized his career at the 
bar. will shortly make him a leader 
in the Senate, if elected thereto. 

"While his only public service, thus 
far. has been that of a delegate 
at large in the last Massachusetts 
Constitutional Convention, in whose 
deliberations he took a prominent part, 
his merits and ability have been duly 
recognized by his party in the past, in 
that he was twice given the votes of 
the Democratic members of the legis- 
lature for United States Senator, in 
the days when Senators were chosen 
by that bod)'. 

"Hundreds of people in New Hamp- 
shire who have taken due pride 
in the careers of Webster, Wilson 
and Weeks, natives of the Granite 
State, in the Senate of the United 
States, will await with interest the 
outcome of the contest upon which 
Mr. Whipple has entered, and will 
heartilv wish him success." 



DREAMERS 

i>V Cora S. Day. 



"Dreamers !" Men smile, and go on their blind way. 
All unseeing, unheeding, the beauty and song. 

The visions that make, for the dreamers, good day; 
That shine in the stars, for them, all the night long. 



Dream 



\ve, the heaven and earth were but dreams. 



• Ere God fashioned them out of His heart and His mind. 
The darkness that veils and the sunlight that gleams, 
The earth and the waters, the breath of the wind. 



Dreamers — ah yes. But their dreams are the thread 
Of which all the. beauty of living is spun. 

Aye, dreams are their manna, their heavenly bread; 
God .gives them the dreams by which heaven is won. 



3o 



EDITORIAL 



The spectacle afforded by Live 

United States Senate in its pro- 
tracted attempt at tariff legislation 
is not edifying or comforting or 
strengthening to one's faith in 
democratic institutions and repre- 
sentative government. Individual, 
sectional and occupational interests 
arc fighting their own battles in 
the highest forum of American 
law-making and diligent perusal of 
the Congressional Record fails to 
disclose the slightest recognition 
in debates or votes of that which 
would be for the good of the nation 
as a whole. 

If we are to have a tariff, it 
should be constructed on scientific 
principles by a competent commis- 
sion giving its entire time to the 
work. The product of this commis- 
sion should be accepted or rejected 
as a whole by Congaess and the 
mad muddle of amendments in 
which the Senate is interminably 
floundering thus avoided. The 
commission should be a continu- 
ing bod}', a recognized department 
of the government, and at each 
session of Congress should propose 
such changes in the existing law 
as economic conditions in general, 
not in particular congressional dis- 
tricts, should demand. 

If we are to have a tariff, we 
say again, let the law be drawn 
for the benefit of the national treas- 
ur\ and American industry as a 
whole, not because of especial con- 
sideration for this or that corpo- 
ration or organization to which 
some Senator or Congressman owes 
his seat at Washington. 

But let us turn from the weird 
mess at Washington to a brighter 
government picture here at home. 
At the end of the state fiscal year, 



June 30. 1922, every New Hamp- 
shire state department and institu- 
tion was within its appropriation 
for the twelve months. Not one 
''deficiency" shadowed the financial 
showing of the year to come. It 
has been some time since this state 
made so good a reeord, and while 
it may be too early to say that the 
tide really lias turned and that 
there is a chance for a decrease in 
taxes, the evidence surely is ample 
that economy and efficiency are 
the vogue today among our officials. 
Governor Albert O. Brown has set 
the example from the day of his 
inauguration and, furthermore, he 
has given his personal attention to 
seeing that the standard he set up 
in this respect was adhered to by 
every person responsible for the ex- 
penditure of funds from the state 
treasury. 

Now it has been shown that it 
can be done, it ought to be easier 
for future administrations to keep 
all the divisions of the state's ac- 
tivities, each ambitious for achieve- 
ment and anxious for the develop- 
ment of its work, within the finan- 
cial limits set by the wisdom of 
the legislative appropriations com- 
mittees. Without exception, we 
believe, these departments are per- 
forming useful and valuable ser- 
vice, capable of beneficial expan- 
sion ; but on the other hand the 
limit of wise 'taxation certainly 
has been reached, if not exceeded, 
and until new sources of revenue 
are tapped, progress of state work 
must be on intensive father than 
extensive lines. Get the best 

budget we can find and then ab- 
solutely keep within it is the wise 
governmental policy for New r 
Hampshire today and every day. 



<3Z?[ 



BOOKS OF NEW HAMPSHIRE INTEREST 



Franklyn Pierre Davis of Enid, Hall Crowley, John Kearns, and 
Oklahoma, is the compiler of a new John R. MorelahcL 
kind of anthology, one of newspa- 
per verse. In 1921, he read 3,000 
poems, published in the press of this 
country, while making- his choices. 
hive per cent. 150. he deemed 
worthy of re-appearance in his book 
and of these it is 



note that 11 were first printed in 
the Boston Transcript which is 
second only to the New York 
Times, with 15. in this respect. 
Other New England papers hon- 
ored are the Boston Post. Spring- 
field Republican and Union. Brat- 
tleboro Reformer. Lewiston Jour- 
nal and Sun. The only New 
Hampshire poet we note in the 
collection is Dr. Perry Marshall, 
native of Dempster ; but several 
Granite Monthly contributors are 
included, Grace C. Howes, Dillian 



The Stronger Eight by Marv 
Gertrude Balch (The Cornhill Pub- 
lishing Company. Boston, $1.75) 
is an old-fashioned love story told 
in an old-fashioned way and none 
the less welcome on that account to 
at least one reviewer. The people 
in it are familiar types, most of 
whom we are glad to know. New 
England country life is contrasted 
with that of a large city, not at all 
to the disadvantage of the former. 
There is a happy and sensible end- 
ing of a not too tangled plot. 
"The Stronger Light" is not strong 
at all in the sense of being intense, 
but it is pleasant, soothing and 
good propaganda for the "stay on 
the farm" movement which rural 
New England needs so much. 



OPULENCE 

By Alice Sargent Krikon'an. 

The wealth of all the ages past is mine. 
The moonlight, glinting on a silver lake, 
The diamond stars' tiara, — who can take 
From me these gifts. — my heritage divine? 
Nor moth, nor rust, nor Time, that crafty thief 
Can rob me, when the mountain shadows fall. 
Of, deep in brake, the thrush's liquid call 
Guarding her nest, concealed by jade-green leaf. 

Mozart, Beethoven, on symphonic strings 

That ancient orchestra, the tumbling sea 

Is singing in my ear their melody ! 

(Or so run on my sweet imaginings.) 

Yea, more than these, the Heart of Nature yields 

Her whispered secrets here, upon the daisied fields ! 



302 THE GRANITE MONTHLY, 

THE HAMPSHIRES 

By Mary II. Hough. 

I love old Hampshire by the sea: 
Mer ancient mother-towns 

Of Winchester and Portsmouth, 
Her sandy heaths and downs -- 
Her dimpled glades and valleys. 
Her stalling English leas. 
And rivers of historic sound 
Like Avon and the Tees. 

She hath her woods of aged oaks 
hi ung with the mistletoe. 
- And ivied castle-ruins 

Where yew and holly grow. 
She claims the Conqueror William. 
And on the breeze is borne 
Across the distant centuries 
A sound of hunter's horn. 

Oh, T love ancient Hampshire 
Bleached by the salt-sea gales. 
But best of all to me the port 
From which my good ship sails — 
Sails hack across the ocean 
Toward my sturdy Granite-State. 
New Hampshire of the hill-side home: 
Where blessed friendships wait. 

She hath- no moors of heather 
Xor wreathed fields of hops. 
- But she hath slopes of ribboned corn 
And laureled mountain-tops; 
Pastures asway with golden-rod. 
Asters, and meadow-sweet — 
Out to the grassy road-side 
Leads every city street. 

New Hampshire's merry rivers 
Hint not of Shakespeare's fame, 
But the>' are Laughing-waters 
With poetry in each name. 
Her great primeval forests 
The pioneer has trod — 
Cathedrals made by nature's hand 
Where men may talk with God. 

Oh, her seashore is not down-land, 
She knows no English lea; 
But all her land is home-land, 
Is home-land to me. 



3o3 



NEW HAMPSHIRE NECROLOGY 



WILLIAM W; FLANDERS. 

William W. Flanders, member of the 
New Hampshire State Senate of 1921, 
died at his home in North Wearc, June 17. 
He was born in that town 54 years ago 
and from the age of 19 was engaged in 
the wood turning business in which he was 
highly successful. He was a leader in the 
power development of the Piscataquog 
river. His service in the senate was pre- 
ceded by a term in the house of represen- 
tatives in 1919. Senator Flanders was a 
member of the Masons, Eastern Star, Odd 
Fellows and Rebekahs. He also was a 
member of the New England Fox Hunters* 
association, that sport being his favorite 
recreation. Mr. Flanders is survived by 
his wife, who was Mabel A. Thurston of 
Weare, and three children, Theodore, 
Russell and lsadore, and two grandchildren. 



THOMAS ENTWISTLE. 

Thomas Entwistle, born in Hyde, Ches- 
hire County, England, died in Portsmouth, 
June 25. Coming to this country with his 
parents as a child, he worked as a bobbin 
boy in the Kearsarge Mills at Portsmouth 
until the outbreak of the Civil War, when 
he enlisted on June 21. 1861, in Company 
D, Third Regiment, N. H. V., and served 
until his honorable discharge August 2, 
1865. He was twice wounded, spent nine 
months in Andersonvilie prison and. mak- 
ing his escape from a prison train, hid 
a thrilling journey of 21 days back to 
the Union lines. After the war Mr. 
Entwistle was at varous times employed 
on the Navy Yard at Portsmouth, was 
at one time deputy United States marshal 
and for a quarter of a century served as 
city marshal of Portsmouth. A Republi- 
can in politics, Mr. Entwistle was elected 
in succession selectman, councilman and 
alderman of his city, several times repre- 
sentative in the legislature, thrice sta^e 
senator and member of the executive coun- 
cil of Governor Robert P. Bass. He was 
a member of the Episcopal church, of the 
G. A. R., Masons and L O. O. F. Two 
daughters, Mrs. W r alter T. Richards and 
Miss Maude I. Entwistle, and one son, 
William T. survive him. 



MRS. MARY R. PIKE. 

Mrs. Mary R. Pike, at the time of her 
death the oldest person in New Hamp- 
shire, if not in New England, was born 
in Newftelds, Sept. 11, 1815, and died there 
May 16. She was the eighth of the 12 



children of Rev. John and Mary (Dodge) 
Brodhead and was the widow of Rev. 
James Pike, both her father and husband 
having been members of Congress as well 
as prominent clergymen. Her grandfather, 
.Captain Luke Brodhead, served bn the 
stall of Lafayette. She was a member of 
the Methodist church for 94 years and of 
the Daughters of the American Revolution. 
Mrs. Pike was a remarkable woman. She 
had a keen mind and retentive memory 
and to the the last retained her interest 
in current events. She kept herself in- 
formed on the progress of the World 
War. subscribed to all Government loans, 
and was the first person in Newfields to 
respond to the Methodist drive. 



FRANK G. WILKINS. 

Frank G. Wilkins, president of the Wash- 
ington (D. C.) Market Company, who 
died in that city last month, was born 
in Warner, June \7, 1856. Left an or- 
phan at an early age. he became the ward 
of Hon. Nehemiah G. Or d way and ac- 
companied • him to Dakota upon his ap- 
pointment as governor of that territory. 
There Mr. Wilkins was admitted to the 
bar, but from 1886 was associated with the 
Washington Market, in which Governor 
Ordway and the late Senator William E. 
Chandler were largely interested. Beside 
being president of the Washington Market 
Company and the Terminal Cold Storage 
Company. Mr. Wilkins was a director in 
the Second National Bank, National City 
Dairy Company, and Congressional Hotel 
Company, and a member of the Washing- 
ton Stock Exchange, Washington Chamber 
of Commerce, United States Chamber 
of Comerce, and the Washington City Club. 
In 1887 Mr. W'ilkins marrier? Florence 
N. Ordway, who died in 1897. Of four 
children born the only survivor is Miss 
Nancy Sibley Wilkins. In 1900 Mr. 
Wilkins married Elizabeth M. Howell who 
survives him. 



ADMIRAL J. G. AYERS. 

Rear Admiral Joseph Gerrish Avers, 
Medical Corps, XJ. S. N.. retired, died at 
Montclair, N. J., March 21. He was born 
in Canterbury, November 3, 1839, the son 
of Charles FL and Almira S. (Gerrish) 
Ayers, and was educated at the University 
of Vermont and Columbia University. 
He served in the 15th N. H. Vols, as sec- 
ond and first lieutenant, 1862-3, and was 
appointed acting assistant surgeon, United 



304 THE GRANITE MONTHLY 

States Navy, December 17, 1864. He was jungles of South Africa and was also at 

retired November 3, 1901, with the rank of one time in charge of the naval laboratory 

rear admiral, having served as fleet sur- in New York City.. He lis survived by 

geon on the Asiatic station, 1895-7. He his widow and two sons, Joseph. G. Ayers, 

had charge of the first botanical expedition. Jr.. of Montclair, and Charles A. Avers of 

of the United States government to the Paris. 



EVENTIDE 

B\< Edward H. fichards. 



The glowing sun>ct in the west. 
That nils our hearts with silent joy. 

Proclaims this day has been its best 
And spreads its gold without alloy 

So we who toil and keep the right. 

Forgetting much of yesterday. 
May beautify on-coming night 

By having done our bcst'to-dav. 



WATER LILIES 

By Helen Frazee-Botver. 

White stars leaned from heaven's gate 

When the sun was low. 
Sought their image early, late, 

In a lake below. 

Water lilies tremble, sigh, 

When new sunbeams wake : 

White stars that forever lie 
Captive in a lake. 



• i ' % 



CELIA THAXTER 

Born June 1835; Died August 1894. 
By Rcignold Kent Marvin. 
A sandpiper, grown tired of the sand, 
Had faith to take the challenge of the sea 
And made swift flight to far gray islands free 
From dreary customs of the ancient land. 
Then other songsters came,, a daring band, 
Attracted to the sandpiper's strange nest; 
The ocean found an echo in her breast, 
Her tender music those lone islands spanned. 
One summer morn the sandpiper was still, 
No plaintive tones cried out to greet the sea, 
The listening song birds heard her voice no more, 
Sunshine itself was touched with sudden chill, 
The wild rose gave no honey to the bee,— -" 
Fled was the Laureate of Appledore. 






•v.. 






W ■:.-' ■ - ■' "■ ' 






m 



New Hb ' State 3V3 aga: 






¥ I 



IN Tl JE: 

BFAUT!FTT.NF^q/;, ■ 3 [IRE 

■ By A/H.Beardsley 

HARLAN C. PEARSON, Publisher 
CONCORD, N. K. 



20 Cents - ~ % AA) n ] ' 

\a post-office at Concord, N, H,, as secoijd-dass mail : *■ - 



3oS~~3C)b 




Timothy P. Sullivan 



- 



THE GRANITE MONTHLY 



Vol. LIV. 



SEPTEMBER. 19. 



No. 9. 



TIMOTHY P. SULLIVAN 

A Modest Citizen of Concord, Wno Kas Done Tilings 



New Hampshire is known as the 
"Granite State," and Concord is its 
capital. Moreover the capita) city 
is noted for its extensive granite 
quarries and the superiority "of 
their product, more than anything 
else ; though Concord wagons and 
Concord harness were known all 
over the country for many years in 
the past. 

The man who has done more to 
exploit Concord granite — to call 
the world's attention to its super- 
iority for building and monumental 
purposes — than any other, or all 
others combined, is a modest gen- 
tleman of Irish birth, 77 years of 
age, now retired from business, but 
seen nearly every day on Main 
street, whose name appears at the 
head of this article. 

There were Sullivans in this 
country in goodly numbers, before 
the Revolution and some hundreds 
of them, including the valiant Gen- 
eral John Sullivan of Durham — the 
ablest and most trusted of Wash- 
ington's lieutenants — were enrolled 
in the patriot service during the 
struggle in which our indepen- 
dence was won, but this one came 
later. 

Timothy P. Sullivan was horn at 
Millstreet, Cork County, Ireland, 
December 16, 1844, son of Patrick 
and Mary (Moynihan) Sullivan. 
His mother died while he was very 
young, and some years later his 
father married a widow, named 
Riordan, who had four sons in the 
United States, with the last of 
whom she came to this country. 



When Timothy was about sixteen 
years of age, his father also decid- 
ed to emigrate to America, if he 
desired to go, and they were soon 
on the way, landing at Boston, 
where his stepmother then had her 
home. A year later they settled 
at Quincy, where Bartholomew' 
Riordan, the eldest of his step- 
brothers, was engaged as a granite 
cutter, and through whose influ- 
ence the young man was given an 
opportunity to learn the trade, and 
where he spent three years with 
the Granite. Railway Co., an im- 
portant firm having a large quarry 
property in Concord. 

This Bartholomew Riordan, by 
the way, married a sister of the 
late Maj. Daniel B. Donovan of 
Concord, and made his home at 
West Quincy, Mass., where he ac- 
cumulated a handsome property and 
reared a large family, and where 
his widow and children, now prom- 
inent citizens, are still living, 
Mr. Sullivan's father died at the 
age of 85 years, and his remains, 
with those of his wife and Bar- 
tholomew Riordan, are buried in 
the Catholic cemetery at West 
Quincy. 

After his three years of service at 
Quincy, Mr. Sullivan came to Concord 
in the employ of the same firm. PI is 
health was' not very strong and 
the work was easier here. He 
commenced on plain work, the 
young cutters never being ^ as- 
signed to ornamental work. Feel- 
ing that if he had the opportunity 
he could soon learn the carver's 



308 



THE GRANITE MONTHLY 



art, he went one day to the office 
of the ''Superintendent — Mr. George 
Sargent — and asked him to be al- 
lowed to try his hand at carving. 
saying that if his work proved to 
be of no value he would charge 
nothing for it, he would pay for 
tools and stone used. Mr. Sargent 
kindly consented, put him into the 
carvers' shed, gave him a good 
sized stone, and told him if he de- 
sired any information or advice at 
any time, he being a carver him- 
self, would gladly give it. He 
went at the work and completed 
in sixteen days, a job that would 
have taken one of the old carvers 
a longer time to do. tie did little 
plain work after that. He soon 
received an offer of employment 
with the Concord Granite Co., from 
Supt. Horace Johnson, which he 
accepted and did carving and 
ether difficult work for that com- 
pany. While there engaged Mr. 
David Blanchard, owner of a large 
quarry and cutting sheds at West 
Concord, came to the Concord Co.'s 
sheds, and inquired of some of the 
older cutters whom he knew, who 
among all the men was a cutter 
whom they could recommend to 
him to take charge of the thirty-five 
or forty cutters whom he em- 
ployed, the man whom he then had 
in charge proving unsatisfactory. 
All joined in recommending Mr. 
Sullivan, who was soon after sent for 
and engaged by Mr. Blanchard. He 
did not make the change for increase 
of pay, merely, but because of the 
opportunity to learn how to handle 
men, and the business end of the 
granite trade. He spent three years 
with Mr. Blanchard, and then formed 
a partnership with Mr. Simeon Sar- 
gent, in the granite business, under 
the firm name of Sargent & Sullivan. 
They sent out their cards through 
the country, and their first order for 
a monument came from John Noble 
of Stuebenville, O. They started in 
a small shed near the Claremont R. 



R.. not far from Ferry St., and soon 
had twelve men at work. Soon after 
they built a shed where the New 
England sheds were later located, 
made farther additions and set up a 
large derrick, so that they were able. 



to handle 40 or 50 cutters 



Tl 



soon bought .Mr 
and the quarry 



granite, in the rough, came from the 
quarry of Fuller, Pressey Co. They 
Pressey's interest 
company became 
known as the Henry Fuller Co., Sar- 
gent & Sullivan being half owners. 

When the erection of the U. S. 
Government building in Concord, for 
the accommodation of the Post Office 
Federal Courts and Pension Office, 
was determined upon, and the gener- 
al contractors — Mead;, Mason & 
Co. — called for bids for the granite 
for the same, the firm put in its bid. 
which was found lower than any 
other. No move being made to 
award the contract, complaint was 
finally made to Washington. An 
agent of the Treasury Department 
soon came to town, and after due in- 
vestigation the general contractors 
were ordered to award the contract to 
this company. They soon appeared 
with a contract that called for a 
550.000 bond. This was promptly fur- 
nished, however, and the stone for 
the building came from the Fuller 
Company's quarry. The building, 
when completed, was pronounced 
the finest granite building in the 
country, and is even now generally 
so regarded. Mr. Fuller's interest 
was soon bought by Sargent & Sulli- 
van, who then became sole owners. 
The granite from this quarry was 
considered the best in the city, and 
monuments made from it thirty-five 
years ago. are bright and clean to- 
day. The firm furnished the granite 
for the new Concord Railroad sta- 
tion, for the contractors — Head & 
Dow st. 

Mr. Dowst liked the work for the 
Concord depot so well that he told 
Mr. Sullivan if his firm would not 
give a bid to any other contractors. 



TIMOTHY P. SULLIVAN 



309 



Head & Dowst, who were bidding for 
the new government building in 
Manchester, would take no bids for 
the stone from any other granite 
firms, and there is good reason for 
the belief that Head & Dowst really 
secured the contract, as they finally 
did. on account of the fine appear- 
ance of the Concord government 
building. 

The Sargent & Sullivan firm were 
sending monuments and other work 
to all parts of the country, as well 
as granite in the rough state, and 
soon found it advisable to add 



superior quality and the supply abund- 
ant for all purposes, prepared a good 
sized sample, showing the different 
classes oi cutting as well as the rock 
face and forwarded the ?ame, Mr 
Sullivan himself 'soon after following 
the sample to Washington, determined 
to secure the contract if possible. 

It has been since asserted that 
New Hampshire statesmen in Wash- 
ington who had secured the Library 
contract for their state, were bound 
to get everything possible for 
New Hampshire. The simple truth 
is, however, that no particle of assist- 





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Federal Building, Concord 



another quarry to their property. 
This quarry had been owned by a 
Quincy firm, which had got into fi- 
nancial difficulties, and was heavily 
mortgaged to Boston parties, whose 
interest was purchased, and after the 
necessary legal prucedure, the entire 
property was owned by Sargent & 
Sullivan. 

When plans were accepted by the 
Government for the Congressional 
Library building in Washington, 
samples of granite from all quarries 
in the country were called for. to be 
sent to Washington. Sargent & Sul- 
livan, knowing their granite to be of 



ance was rendered Mr. Sullivan by 
any member of the N. H. Congres- 
sional delegation, one of whom 
merely asked him if he had any con- 
ception of the magnitude of the work 
called for in the building! Maine 
parties up to that time had done 
most of the granite work for the 
government, and it was taken for 
granted that an unknown man from 
New Hampshire would stand little or 
no chance of success and he was ac- 
cordingly left to "go it alone." He- 
made his way, however, to the office 
of the chief architect, informed him 
whom he was, told him he had sent 



310 



the; granite monthly 



in a sample of granite and asked 
to see his plans. He was courte- 
ously treated, shown the plans, and. 
accompanied by the architect, ex- 
amined all_ the samples that had been 
sent in. The examination convinced 
him that his Concord granite was the 
finest in color and in strength o + ' 
material among the entire lot. 

When bids were finally called for 
on the work, Sargent & Sullivan 
sent for a set of plans and specifica- 
tions. The stipulations concerning 
bonds were such as to preclude bid- 
ding by many firms. It was pro- 
vided that the bidder should own the 
quarry ; should give bonds of two pro- 
perty owners in $403,000 in order to 
have his bid read, and agree to fur- 
nish bonds in $800,000 if the work 
was awarded him. 

Mr. Samuel Sweat, of the firm of 
Runals, Davis & Sweat, granite con- 
tractors of Lowell, Mass., had long 
been a friend of Mr. Sullivan. 
After the receipt of the plans and 
specifications, Mr. Sullivan spent 
three weeks at the residence of Mr. 
Sweat, in company with a son of 
Mr. Runals and one of Mr. Davis, 
in going over the matter and mak : 
ing an estimate,- and it was arranged 
that the firm would furnish the re- 
quired bonds for Sargent & Sullivan 
in case they were given the contract. 
About this time, James G. "Patterson, 
of Hartford, Conn., president of the 
New England Granite Co., at Wes- 
terly, R. L, for whom Sargent & Sul- 
livan had furnished a large amount 
of granite, having seen the specifi- 
cations, sent for Mr. Sullivan, for 
a conference. He said that he was 
satisfied the granite called for was 
Concord granite, and if was arranged 
that Sargent & Sullivan should give 
Mr. Batterson a lease of one of their 
quarries, in order that he might be 
qualified to bid. The Lowell firm 
proposed to put in a bid, on the 
Fuller quarry granite, but on advice 
of Mr. Batterson, who said there 
would be work enough for all if 



he got the contract, and that if two 
bids went in. both for Sargent & 
Sullivan granite, neither might be 
considered, they decided not to do so. 

After the bids were all in and 
considered, it was announced by 
Chief Engineer, Maj. Gen. Robert L. 
Casey of the (J. S. Army, who wa.s 
authorized to erect the building, at an 
expense of $6,500,000. that the con- 
tract for the granite was awarded to 
James G. Batterson, the stone to come 
from the quarries of Sargent & Sulli- 
van of Concord, X. H. Mr. Sullivan 
states that there is no quarry of any 
size in the country whose granite is 
white, with a bluish cast, except those 
in Concord, and he is of the opinion 
that the government made tests of 
all granite samples, as to color and 
strength, before the specifications 
were made. The building, it may be 
said, when finally completed, was 
generally pronounced the largest and 
handsomest granite building in the 
world. 

After the contract was awarded, it 
was decided that Bernard R. Green 
should be general superintendent 
for the construction of the building, 
and that before the work was begun 
Mr. Sullivan should travel with him 
showing buildings in different cities 
constructed of Concord granite. They 
saw in Philadelphia, the permanent 
Museum, erected for the Centennial 
Exposition from Concord stone ; also 
several buildings in New York; then 
went to Providence, "R. I., and in- 
spected the new ' City Hall, two 
fronts of which were of Westerly 
granite, and two others, as well as 
all the" columns, of Concord. They 
then came to Boston, and to Ports- 
mouth, N. H.,' where the Custom 
House, built in 1855, and still a hand- 
some building, is of the same stone, 
as is that at Portland, Me., which 
they also inspected. Coming up to 
Manchester they saw there the new 
U. S. Post Office building, the 
stone for which, as has heretofore 
been said, was from Sargent & Sul- 



TIMOTHY 



SULLIVAN 



311 



Kvan's quarry; also the Soldier's 

Monument on Merrimack Common, 
also made of the same stone, the 
coloring of which Mr. Green greatly 
admired. Coming finally to Concord. 
the appearance of the old State 
House, also made of Concord granite, 
gave Mr. Sullivan some worry; but 
he explained that the house was built 
in IS 16, before the quarries were 
really opened, arid there were no 
skilled cutters ; but the columns and 
corners, still of fine appearance, 
were cut in 1864. and Mr. Green said 
he had never seen any columns of 
their age that looked so well. They 
then went to the rear of the State 



cutting plant was constructed, at 
a cost of over $75,000. Quarrymen 

and cutters came in rapidly and 
within eighteen months more than 
450 men were at work on the job. 
It was up to Mr. Sullivan to make the 
enterprise pay, and he was kept ex- 
ceedingly- busy, day and night, be- 
tween the quarries and sheds, till he 
finally became ill with a heart trou- 
ble, and had to give up work. Fie 
resigned and went' abroad, spending 
nearly three months in travel through 
Ireland and England, and returned to 
Concord entirely cured. He con- 
sulted Dr. Walker as to what his ill- 
ness had been and was told that his 



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Home of N. H. Histor 
and. leanin 



against the wall 



House, 

gazed for some time at the new 
Government building. Finally Mr. 
Green said it was the finest granite 
building he had ever seen, and, if 
there had ever been any doubt, it 
settled the question of the material 
for the Congressional library. 

When Mr. Batterson had se- 
cured his contract and perfected 
his plans, he proposed to buy the 
entire property — quarries and cut- 
ting sheds — of Sargent & Sullivan. 
They fixed their price, he accepted 
the same, and the transfer was 
made. He then engaged Mr. Sul- 
livan to take charge of the work, 
as general superintendent. A new 



ical Society, Concord. 

trouble had been acute dyspepsia, 
brought on by anxiety, and that he 
would not have lived three months 
if he had continued his work. 

Some time after his return Mr. 
Sullivan met Senator Chandler on 
the street, who informed him that 
he had secured an appropriation 
for a granite dry dock at Ports- 
mouth, and desired him to go down 
there as an inspector, and see that 
the government got what it was 
entitled to. Mr. Sullivan did not 
care for the job, but the Senator 
insisted, and he finally corisented 
to go. A civil service examination 
had been ordered — the first ever 
held at Portsmouth. It was said 



THE GRANITE MONTHLY 



the examination was ordered for 

the purpose of shutting Mr. Sulli- 
van out; but although there were 
seven competitors he was the success- 
ful man and got the job. His work 
was simply on the cut granite,, and 
had no tiling to do with the mason- 
ry. The dock was completed in 
about three years and a half, when 
he desired to go home, but was 
persuaded to remain and act as a 
general inspector* at the yard, look- 
ing after all building operations, 
which he did for a year and a 
half longer, when he had to resign 
on account of sciatic rheumatism, 
and return home where he spent 
three months in bed. 

Soon after he was able to be 
about Mr. Sullivan was called to 
inspect the granite work for the 
basement of the new Senate office 
building in Washington, which 
was being cut in Concord, by the 
New England Granite Co. This 
he was able to attend to. and was 
engaged about eight months in this 
work. No sooner was it done than 
he was asked to go to Proctor. 
Yt., to inspect the marble being 
cut there for the exterior walls of 
the same building. This lie de- 
clined to do. as he was not a "mar- 
ble man;" but the government in- 
sisted, and he finally went. Dur- 
ing the first six months a large 
amount of stone was condemned, 
and an engineer came on from 
Washington to advise him what 
stone he should not condemn ; but 
Mr. Sullivan said if he did not 
know what cracked marble was he 
should never have accepted the po- 
sition, and informed the company 
that he would not condemn a stone 
that was up to the specifications, 
and if they sent one that he had 
condemned and the government ac- 
cepted it, he would not remain 
48. hours. Not long before the 
work was completed Fletcher 
Proctor, governor of Vermont, and 
son of the Senator, thanked Mr, 



Sullivan for his careful inspection, 
as it. had insured for them the 
credit of having provided the finest 
marble building in the United 
States. Soon after his return from 
Vermont, Mr. Sullivan heard of 
the proposed gift of a fine new 
building ,to the N. H. Historical 
Society, by Mr. Edward Tuck of 
Paris, the same to be of granite, 
and the report was that a Maine 
granite was to be used. The build- 
ing committee consisted of Messrs. 
B. A. Kimball, S. C. Eastman and 
H. W. Stevens, and it appeared 
that Eastman and Stevens disliked 
the idea of using Maine granite for 
a historical building in Concord, 
when the best granite in the coun- 
try was to be had in Concord quar- 
ries. Mr. Sullivan was seen by 
Mr. Eastman, who desired him to 
see and talk with Mr. Kimball 
about the matter. He declined to 
do so except upon the invitation 
of the latter, which soon came, 
and an interview was arranged, 
at which a sample of the proposed 
Maine granite was shown. Mr. 
Sullivan had a good knowledge of 
the various kinds of granite in the 
country, and the buildings con- 
structed of the same, and referred 
Mr. Kimball to a building in New 
York, built of this particular gran- 
ite, which had become discolored 
and unattractive in a few years. 
Mr. Kimball immediately started 
for New York to see the building. 
He soon returned, evidently much 
disgusted, and thoroughly dis- 
pleased with the Maine people, 
who had recommended the granite 
in question. The committee met 
after Mr. Kimball's return, when 
he informed them of the result of 
the trip, and his conclusions, and 
it was determined to iis,q Concord 
granite for the building. 

The Committee then desired Mr. 
Sullivan to take charge of the work 
of construction, which he was loath 
to do, in view of his past experience 



TIMOTHY P. SULLIVAN 



313 



in making contractors live up to the 
terms of their contract; but, finally, 
having heard that Mr. Tuck had 
said that if the building was not as 
s:ood as any in the country, it would 
be the fault of those in charge, and 
knowing that urine of the committee 
had experience in such work, and 
that the city would not have much to 
boast of in the building if the work 
was not properly supervised, he con- 
sented to take charge. He was asked 
what would be his charge for ser- 
vice. Rowing that Mr. Tuck was 
giving the building outright and that 
the committee were getting no pay 
for time spent, he did not feel like 
asking a high price for his own ser- 
vices, and fixed the same at the mod- 
est figure of $5.00 per day, which 
was agreed upon, yet in the end. tak- 
ing into account all the extra time 
put in, nights and Sundays, what lie 
received did not average $3.50 per 
day. It should also be stated that 
before he had been at work a month, 
the engineer of the Brooklyn Navy 
Yard spent half a day endeavoring 
to induce him to leave the job and 
go with him to Xew York at $14.00 
per day, with two days oft each 
fortnight for a visit home ; but he 
firmly declined the offer, and stood, 
by his agreement with the committee 
and Mr. Tuck, notwithstanding the 
magnitude of the sacrifice, believing 
it his duty to do so. 

Some desirable changes in the spec- 
fications were effected, at Mr. Sul- 
livan's suggestion. The handsome 
and appropriate curbing around the 
lot on which the building stands, is 
of his design. He is also responsible 
for the beautiful and elaborate group 
of statuary over the main entrance. 
On a visit to the architect's office he 
was shown a design of the State seal, 
with a naked boy on each side, each 
resting an arm on the top of the seal, 
the same being intended to go over the 
entrance. He regarded such design 
as unfitting, and finally, at the request 
of Mr. Tuck, this item was taken out 



of the contract, and Daniel Chester 
French, the eminent X T ew York sculp- 
tor, a native of New Hampshire 
and a. relative -of Mr. Tuck, was en- 
gaged to model and execute a suita- 
ble piece to crown the entrance, the 
result being the finest piece of statu- 
ary in a single stone to be found in 
the countrv. 



Tuck Monument, 
Isles of Shoals. 

The red panels between the col- 
ums at the ends of the building, as 
originally designed and inserted, 
were of German marble, so called, 
with nineteen pieces in each panel, 
no two of which looked alike. Their 
appearance was unsatisfactory to all 
who saw them, and particularly so to 
Mrs. Edward Tuck. Finally Mr. 
Sullivan sent a sample of the red 
granite to Mr. Tuck, which he pro- 



314 



THE GRANITE MONTHLY 



posed should be substituted for the 
original panel, and the latter soon 
telegra plied an order to have the 
change made, and the order was car- 
ried out. The new panels are in five 
pieces each, and the granite from 
which they are made came from a 
quarry in New Lyme, Conn. 

The same firm having the con- 
tract for the Historical building 
were the contractors for the State 
House addition, and the work on 
the former was greatly delayed while 
the latter was being pushed. Mr. 
Tuck finally became anxious about 
the completion of the building, the 
work being some fifteen months be- 
hind time, and sent word that he was 
coming to see about it. Mr. Kimball 
then wanted Mr. Sullivan to "rush" 
the work, but was told that it could 
not be rushed, and have the building 
what it should be. He made some 
arrangements with the contractors, 
however, whereby the work was 
speeded up. Mr. Sullivan soon 

found the specifications were being 
ignored in laying the tile flooring, 
the loose dirt not having been re- 
moved before the cement was laid, 
and the tile becoming loose soon 
after being put down, so that most 
of them were condemned by him 
almost immediately, a cross being 
marked on each tile, with a black 
crayon pencil. The young architect, 
who came up every week, saw these 
marks, but said nothing and when 
the work of tiling was finished he 
condemned but fifteen out of the en- 
tire lot. As soon as he was through 
Mr. Sullivan telephoned Mr. Kimball 
that he would resign in 48 hours if 
this trashy work was to be accepted 
and leave him and the architect 
to face Mr. Tuck and the Concord 
public as sponsors for such imperfect 
work. Evidently disturbed, Mr. 
Kimball seems to have lost no time 
in summoning the architect, who 
came up from- Boston at night, so as 
to arrive before the 48 hours' notice 
given by Mr. Sullivan had expired. 



He met the contractors and directed 
them to remove all the tile that Mr. 
Sullivan had condemned. The fif- 
teen that the architect had con- 
demned, the contractors should pay 
for — all the rest Mr. Kimball was 
to pa}' for. Ten marble setters were 
brought on from Buffalo to carry 
out this order. In one room alone — 
the lecture room — 1200 tile were 
removed and relaid. It was under- 
stood that the marble contractor alone 
lost $20,000 on his contract; but his 
foreman informed Mr. Sullivan that 
he had said that he (Sullivan) never 
condemned a stone that he ought not 
to. 

Regardless, however, of what one 
contractor or another may have lost, 
it is certain that through Mr. Tuck's 
great generosity and Mr. Sullivan's 
knowledge and vigilance, the N. H. 
Historical Society secured a building 
which, in architect ral beauty and 
thoroughness of construction, is sur- 
passed by none in this country, and 
the city of Concord < a splendid or- 
nament for its notable civic center. 

Incidentally it may properly be 
stated that the stately granite monu- 
ment on Star Island — Isles of Shoals 
— in memory of Rev. John Tuck, 
ancestor of Edward Tuck, who was 
the minister at the Shoals for 41 
years from 1732 until his death in 
1773, was designed by Mr. Sullivan 
and erected under his supervision. 
A bronze tablet had previously been 
set up, to his memory, located 100 
feet awav from the place of burial, 
which erroneously stated that ''be- 
neath this stone lies the bodv of Rev. 
John Tuck." etc. The N. H. His- 
torical Society had been asked to 
dedicate this tablet and had declined. 
Mr. Tuck naturally desired to know 
the reason for the refusal, and Mr. 
Sullivan was delegated to make an 
investigation and report. This he 
did, submitting with his report a 
recommendation that a granite obe- 
lisk be erected on the site of the 
grave, as large as could be landed on 



TIMOTHY P. SULLIVAN 



315 



the small wharf at the island. Mr. 
Sullivan was instructed to carry out 
this plan and immediately proceed- 
ed to do so. The material is Rock- 
port granite, from the Pigeon Hill 
Granite Co. The base is ten feet 
square ■ arid three feet six inches 
high ; the second base is eight feet 
square and the obelisk itself is five 
feet square, the entire height being 
about forty feet. The inscription 
upon the original slab, over the 
grave, was cut in square sunk letters 
on the obelisk, which can be read in 
the sunlight 100 feet away. The re- 
mains of Mr. Tuck, taken from the 
grave, were placed in a sealed box in 
the cement foundation, and over the 
box was placed the brown stone slab 
with its original inscription. This 
monument was subsequently appro- 
priately dedicated by the N. IT. His- 
torical Society. It is a notable land- 
mark and is readily discerned for a 
distance of fifteen miles out at sea. 



Mr. Sullivan is a Republican in 
political affiliation, but has never been 
actively engaged in politics. He was 
elected alderman from Ward 4, 
however, in 1892 and served two 
years under Mayor P. B. Cogswell, 
by whom he was appointed chairman 
of the committee on Fire Depart- 
ment. The department was then in 
a badly disorganized condition. 
Through Mr. Sullivan's influence, a 
thoiough re-organization was effected. 
The number of call firemen was de- 
creased, the permanent force ma- 
terially enlarged, and W. C. Green 
made Chief Engineer, whose efficient 
service has continued to the present 
time. Another important ordinance 
adopted by the City government at 
this time which Mr. Sullivan was in- 
strumental in carrying through, was 
that of establishing the office of City 
Engineer, to which the late Will B. 
Howe was appointed, and in which 
he served with great acceptance, up to 
the time of his death last spring. 



In the fall of 1896 Mr. Sullivan 
was urged by some of his friends to 
be a candidate for representative in 
the legislature from Ward 4. He 
hesitated about complying, as he was 
not a public speaker, and did not con- 
sider himself qualified for the posi- 
tion. His friends were persistent, 
however, and he finally consented to 
run, but. as it turned out, was active- 
ly opposed by the two Republican 
leaders who usually dominated the 
party in the ward, who even went 
so far as to hire a man to go among 
the stone cutters in the ward, who 
were mostly Englishmen from Corn- 
wall, and work against him, thinking 
they could readily be induced to vote 
against a man of his name and race. 
They were disppointed, however, as 
most of these men had worked either 
with or for Mr. Sullivan and held 
him in high regard. The result in 
the nominating caucus, which was 
the largest that had ever been held in 
the ward, was a sweeping victory for 
Mr. Sullivan, who was nominated by 
a large majority and elected at the 
polls in November. 

Taking his seat in the House, up- 
on the organization of the legislature 
he was named by the Speaker as a 
member of the Committee on Asylum 
for the Insane as the State Hospital 
was then called. As a member of 
this Committee he was instrumental 
in effecting a thorough investigation 
of affairs at the Merrimack County 
farm, with special reference to the 
treatment of the insane poor. A most 
deplorable condition of things was 
unearthed which resuhed in the re- 
form of practices then existing 
and also in the introduction of a 
measure in the House providing for 
the removal of the pauper insane 
from the County farms to the State 
Hospital. This measure passed the 
House, but was held up in the Sen- 
ate for the time, from lack of means 
to provide the necessary accommoda- 
tions at the hospital. At a subse- 
quent session, however , it was en- 



316 THE GRANITE MONTHLY 

acted, and resulted in carrying out Aside from his important work in 

one of the most beneficent reforms connection with the granite industry, 

ever effected in the State, for which and his public service, to which ref- 

more than any other man, Mr. Sulli- erence has been made, Mr. Sullivan 

van is to be credited. has been a most useful citizen, and 

Mr. Sullivan was united in mar- has contributed in many ways to the 

riage, October 12, 1871, with Eliza- promotion of the public; welfare. 

belli Kirby.- They had six children. Among the other things which he has 

two of .whom died in infancy. The done, contributing materially to the 

survivors pre Mary E., born July 24, general good, is the erection by him, 

1872; Elizabeth M .. M arch 13. 1875; some .years ago, of ten tenements on 

Patrick E., December 2. 1878, and Beacon St., for general occupancy, 

Agues V., Oct. 17, 1880. All are all of which he still owns. If other 

graduates of the Concord High men who have the means would fol- 

Sch.ool. .Mary E.. is now a Sister of low his example in this regard, the 

Mercy in. Mi. St. Mary's Academy, "housing problem" in Concord, 

Hooksett ; Agnes Y,, is a kindergar- about which so much is now heard, 

ten teacher in Concord, and Elizabeth would be far less troublesome, 
is at home in Concord. 



SUNAPEE LAKE 

By Mary E. Partridge 



Of thee, the fairest of New Hampshire lakes. 
So softly cradled in your resting, place,. 
Sweet memories are with us, who have seen 
The sunshine, and the shadow on thy face. 

The dainty curve of inlets, wooded isles, 

The gently sloping hillsides in our sight, 

The Mountain gleaming through the morning fog, 

The falling mist, calm herald of the night. 

The summer cottage nestled in the green, 
The sailboat tacking in the morning light, 
The sturdy little steamers on their course, 
Ail these unite to make the picture bright. 

Xot here are dashing waves or towering peaks, 
Not here the busy whirl of social care, 
But quiet moonbeams stilling heart and voice, 
Repose is brought us in the very air. 

So could 1 chant your praise in many lines. 
For dear your sunny waves and coves to me, 
1 love you, though I leave you for a while, 
Fate grant we meet again, Fair Sunapee. 



3 17 



THE PICTORIAL WEALTH OF NEW HAMPSHIRE 



A. H. Beardsley 



At the outset, let me say that 
neither pen, brush nor camera can do 
full justice to the pictorial wealth of 
New Hampshire. It has been my 
privilege to spend a number of years 
in Europe and to visit many parts of 
the United States. I mention this 
merely that the reader may not as- 
sume that the following paragraphs 
are written without due considera- 
tion of the beauty and attractive- 
ness of natural grandeur in other 
parts of the world. In coming to 
New Hampshire, 1 came for 
health — for that panacea that only- 
nature can give and to learn to 
love more deeply than ever before 
the fundamental truths that lie 
imbedded in the very granite boul- 
ders of this Granite State. I say- 
it gladly and gratefully that New 
Hampshire, with its natural 
beauty- and its kindly people, has 
taught me truths that are as im- 
perishable a^ its mountains and as 
healing as the word of Him who 
said to the two blind men. "accord- 
ing to yo:ir faith be it unto you," 
and their eyes were opened. 

In connection with the subject 
of this article, 1 am reminded of 
a little story which might apply to 
some good people in New Hamp- 
shire. It .seems that a great lover 
of flowers lived in a little cottage 
and' 'his delight was to grow rare 
and . beautiful specimens from 
every part of the world. Finally, 
his- .collection grew until he needed 
but".. one exquisite flower to com- 
plete it. The more he thought of 
how happy- he would be, if he could 
find this one missing flower, the 
more firmly he determined to find it. 
So he closed his little cottage and 
started out to find the lone flower 
that he needed to complete his col- 
lection. He journeyed for days, 
weeks and months : but the little 



flower that he sought could no- 
where be found. At length, worn 
out, discouraged and bitterly dis- 
appointed he retraced his steps, 
and, eventually, stood again before 
the cottage that he had left many 
months ago. As he slowly ap- 
proached the door, his tired eyes 
wandered over the flowers he loved 
and how he longed to add that 
one beautiful blossom to make his 
garden complete. Suddenly his 
eyes caught the flash of a sunbeam 
on an unfamiliar petal. He knelt 
down to examine it more closely 
and to his amazement and great 
joy, it proved to be the long- 
sought flower. There it was and 
there it had been all along — right- 
in his own garden ! He had not 
seen it or even thought to look 
for it so close at hand. He had 
assumed that he must travel afar 
to obtain a flower of such rare 
beauty. Is not this story paral- 
leled in many human experiences? 

By this time, the reader has 
guessed correctly that I meant to 
convey- the impression that many 
residents of New Hampshire fail 
to realize that they have the "ex- 
quisite little flower" right in their 
own dooryards. Why should 

strangers and outsiders have to 
tell us what we should already 
know? 1 say "we" because I am 
proud to be a citizen of New 
Hampshire ; and I wish to do my 
bit. to help others to find what I 
have found in her woodlands, on 
her 'mountain-tops and on the 
bosom of the Smile of the Great 
Spirit. 

Perhaps all this may- appear to 
be a lengthy- and rather unneces- 
sary preamble; but as writers tell 
us, "There must be a setting 
for every- story." However, 1 do 
not intend to write a "storv," but 



318 



THE GRANITE MONTHLY 



to confine myself to facts as I 
know them by personal experi- 
ence, In this case there is enough 
beaut}" and happiness in actualities 
without having to draw upon the 
imagination ; and truth is some- 
times stranger than fiction. 

In the state of New Hampshire 
one may find virtually every nat- 
ural beauty that is vouchsafed to 
man in the Northern Hemisphere. 
Beginning at the Atlantic ocean, 



kindly people who have not forgot- 
ten to be neighborly nor to make 
welcome the stranger. I have 
mentioned in this one paragraph 
a wealth of pictorial material that 
the artist, photographer or writer 
will find inexhaustible. Moreover, 
in winter there is an entirely new 
change of scene, and I find it diffi- 
cult to decide whether summer or 
winter is the more beautiful. The 
pressure and tumult of the city 




Echo Lake, Fraxcoxia Notch 



H. Beardsley. 



and an attractive coastline, the 
seeker of beauty may travel north- 
ward and upward until he attains 
the summit of Mt. Washington. 
During this trip, if he selects his 
route carefully, he will find lakes, 
streams, rivers, waterfalls, level 
plains, intervales, hills, mountains, 
notches, glens, gorges, strange 
rock-formations, tremendous boul- 
ders, cliffs, woodlands, farm-lands, 
attractive New England towns, 
and villages; and, best of all, a 



gives place to great silences that 
become more spiritual and uplift- 
ing as one grows to know them 
and to understand them. There is 
time to think, to plan, to retro- 
spect and to wipe one's slate clean 
in the sight of God and man. 

It has been my privilege and de- 
light to make several hundred pic- 
tures of New Llampshire and to 
obtain many from others who ap- 
preciate the pictorial possibilities 
of the state. When -I have (lis- 



THE PICTORIAL WEALTH OF NEW HAMPSHIRE 



319 



played these pictures, either on the 
screen on in the form of photo- 
graphic enlargements, the remark 
is often made, "I never realized 
before how much beauty there is 
in this good old Granite State, 
and I have lived here all my lite. 
too !' Thanks to the efforts of the 
New Hampshire Chamber of Com- 
merce, and also the Boston Cham- 
ber of Commerce, this state is re- 
ceiving its share of organized pub- 



Lake Winnepcsaukee, but with the 
aid of the camera or the brush 
some measure of success may be 
attained. To be sure. Alt.. Chocorua 
is a constant source of delight to 
the beholder ; but some shady glen, 
away from the beaten path, also 
deserves recognition and is most 
assuredly part of New Hampshire's 
pictorial veal tin In short, due 
attention should be given to other 
than the well-known beauty-spots. 



























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A Rocky Point, Lake Winnepesaukee 



rdsley. 



licity. Without a doubt, tin's pub- 
licity has done much to attract 
tourists and vacationists. Enough 
cannot be done in this direction, 
and the best part of it is that New 
Hampshire is worth all and more 
publicity than it receives. 

To the photographer and the 
painter belongs \he task to por- 
tray the pictorial wealth of New 
Hampshire. The most beautiful 
word-picture cannot do justice to 



To enjoy pictorial New Hampshire 
is to leave the crowd and to seek 
and to discover for oneself. Suc- 
cess and delight are certain, no 
matter in what direction the trav- 
eler wends his way. 

Why it is that thousands of va- 
cationists who come to New Hamp- 
shire bring cameras and appear to 
confine their picture-making to 
members of their own party or to 
John in the boat or Mabel frying 



320 



THE GRANITE MONTHLY 



doijghrm.fi, I am unable to say, who own cameras use them to ad- 
Mind you, I do not decry making vantage and not neglect to give due 
pictures of one's friends or of inter- attention to making pictures that are 
esting bits of camp-life, but I do worthwhile and that will ever be a 
deplore limiting picture-making to source of deep pleasure and satisfac- 
those subjects which in a short tion. 

time, usually lose their interest. But It is not my purpose to describe 

a good photograph oi Franconia in detail how and where to go to tap 



F*A 



mm r*. 






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¥ 



V* 



A WlXXEPESAUKEE VlSTA 



Beardsley. 



Notch, The Flume; or of Echo Lake 
may be a joy forever. Even a well- 
composed attractive group of birches 
wears better at the end of ten years 
than a picture of some passing ac- 
quaintance splashing water on the 
cat — amusing though it may be at 
the time. In all seriousness, let those 



the pictorial wealth of New Hamp- 
shire — it is not necessary for it is 
ever close at hand from one corner 
of the state to the other. Of course, 
the White Mountains may be 
more spectacular than the Os- 
sipee Range ; but who will 
say that they are any less 



THE PICTORIAL WEALTH OF NEW HAMPSHIRE 



321 



lovely in the soft twilight; of a the pictorial opportunities that lie 

summer evening' Lake Winnepesau- close at hand. No matter in what 

kee (The Smile of the Great Spirit) part of New. Hampshire the reader 

holds the observer by its magnificent may be, there is., pictorial material, 

distances and its appealing beauty; provided he has eyes to see it. By 

but little Echo Lake, nestling up in all means, let him make a trip 

Franconia Notch, compels admiration around the White Mountains, not for- 

and homage. 1 might go on indefi- getting Lost River, and let him make 



X 



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The Flu mi: ix Winter 



nitely and point out beauty-spots 
from Portsmouth to the Canadian bor- 
der. However, just let the reader 
remember my little story of the 
flower and apply it — he cannot go 
wrong. 

The purpose of this article is to 
encourage permanent residents and 
also visitors, to make the most of 



the most of it. Then, when he re- 
turns to Concord, Manchester, Ply- 
mouth, Pittsfield, Lakeport or Wolfe- 
boro with his eyes and heart opened, 
let him see whether or not his own 
part of the state is not beautiful and 
rich in pictorial material. 

Now I am going to take my own 
medicine. 1 live in Wolfeboro on 



322 



THE GRANITE MONTHLY 



Lake Winnepesaukee, I have been up 
through the White Mountains sever- 
al times and through other parts of 
the state but, omitting the spect- 
acular and compelling force of 
mere size, to me there is no 
more beautiful spot in New 
Hampshire than Wolfeboro and 
Lake Winnepesaukee. Moreover, 
from my own travels in Europe 
and from the statements of those 
who have circled the globe, I am lead 
to say that there is no more beautiful 
scenery to be found anywhere in the 
world. Excepting the snow-capped 
peaks of the Alps for a background, 
Lake Winnepesaukee equals in pic- 
torial beauty and charm the famous 
lakes of Como. Maggiore, Geneva, 
Constance and Lucerne. 

For reasons of health, and to grat- 
ify the longing to enjoy the beauty of 
the lake, 1 cruise about in my motor- 
boat at every opportunity. There is 
hardly a bay, cove or point of land at 
the eastern end of Lake Winnepe- 
saukee that I have not explored 
and photographed. The Indian name, 
"The Smile of the Great Spirit," is 
not only eloquent, but it describes a 
fact — Winnepesaukee is the handi- 
work of God himself. I have sailed 
on it in storm and in calm, in the 
morning and in the afternoon, by day 
and by night. In winter I 

have crossed it on skis and the 
thermometer below zero. Ail ways, 
summer or winter, Lake Winnepe- 
saukee holds me with a fascination 
that is born of its indescribable 
beauty, and "the things that lie too 
deep for words." 

Pictorially, Wolfeboro is a para- 
dise. Facing the town, across the 
lake, are the Belknap Mountains, 
which stretch away to the westward 
in the direction of the Weirs. To 
the north, and at the back of the 
town lie the Ossipee Mountains. To 
the eastward is Copple Crown Moun- 
tain and the hills that enclose the 
long arm of the lake that ends at 
Alton Bay. Within a twelve-mile 



radius of Wolfeboro are small lakes. 
ponds, streams, hills, mountains, 
woodlands, farmlands, picturesque 
villages, delightful wood-roads, 
uplands, low-lands, and kindly 
people to make you feel welcome. 
Oh, what an ideal spot for a colony 
of writers, artists and photographers! 
Inspiration is ever at hand for those 
who have the eyes to see and the heart 
to understand. 

Perhaps the reader may say, "This 
author hasn't mentioned two-thirds 
of the pictorial wealth of New Hamp- 
shire." He is right, I have not. W 7 hat 
is more, I cannot. Neither more 
space nor my poor pen could do it 
justice. However, let the reader not 
take me to task. Let him rather try 
to understand my point. I may have 
rambled, left out important facts, 
neglected to mention well-known 
places of beauty and otherwise failed 
to stick to my subject ; but I believe 
that I have made it clear that New 
Hampshire offers every resident or 
visitor a great opportunity. An op- 
portunity to learn to love every inch 
of the Granite State, and, through 
the study and contemplation of its 
natural beauty, to become more sen- 
sitive and more receptive to the deep- 
er and truer things of life. If I 
scored just this one point. I shall feel 
that I have helped New Hampshire 
to be more widely known, appreciated 
and loved. 

It has been my delight during the 
summer months, to sail out on the 
broad bosom of the lake nearly every 
evening in quest of sunset-pictures. 
Sometimes, 'days will elapse before 
there is an opportunity to use the 
camera to advantage. It is my cus- 
tom, on these sunset-hunting expedi- 
tions to reach a point of vantage out 
on the lake, stop the engine and drift 
while I watch the play of light and 
shade across the lake as the sun sinks 
slowly in the west. Why more own- 
ers of motor-boats do not get out on 
the lake and drift or anchor where 
they can enjoy a magnificent sunset 



THE PICTORIAL WEALTH OF NEW HAMPSHIRE 323 



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324 



THE GRANITE MONTHLY 



and 'the cool evening-air, is a mystery 
to me. In my opinion, there is no 
need to use up gasoline and oil by 



Those who have never had the. op- 
portunity to be out on Lake Winne- 
pesaukee from sunset-time to moon- 



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A New England Farmhouse 

keeping on the move when ''just drift- rise, have not known one of the rich- 

ing" is more Conducive to an en- est experiences that can come to the 

joyment of the glories of the western lover of nature. As the sun begins 

sky. to settle down into its cloud-made bed 



THE PICTORIAL WEALTH OF NEW HAMPSHIRE 325 



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THE GRANITE MONTHLY 



in the west, the Greatest Artist of 
them all prepares His marvelous col- 
ors; and, gradually, with a deft hand, 
He creates a masterpiece that no man 
can ever hope to duplicate. His can- 
vas is limitless space and His colors 
are collected at the base of the rain- 
how. The beholder waits in silent 
awe and admiration. 'And to think 
that this lias been going on ever since 
the world began ; and yet, how rarely 
there is the slightest duplication by 
the Master Hand. After He has 
tucked the sun away for the night, 
He awakens the moon and stars. 
Promptly, at the appointed hour, the 
moon leaves its couch among the hills 
to the eastward ; and, attended by a 
retinue of stars and planets, begins 
tire journey of the night, As this 
greatest motion-picture in the world 
progresses, the twilight-songs and 
twitterings of birds, as they seek 



shelter for the night, are carried to us 
on the soft night wind. Just as the 
twilight deepens, the whip-poor-will 
begins his evening-concert ; and down 
near the edgti of the lake in the. 
marshy places, where the fireflies hold 
their nightly revels, the frogs raise 
their voices in one mighty chorus. 
Now and again, the far-off singing 
of a group of campers floats across 
the water. When bedtime arrives, at 
the boys' and girl's camps, scattered 
along the shores of the lake, the bugle 
calls them to slumber ; and, as the 
last of Taps softly dies away, we 
know that God is in his Heaven, and 
all is well. Then, as we sail home- 
ward through the silver-tipped waves 
in the path of the moon, we can 
understand and appreciate Mrs. Mea- 
der's beautiful poem ' ; Sunset on Lake 
Winnepesaukee," because we shall 
know that what she says is true. 



'-~~ ~-~* -2s>v i 



Sunset Sky, Lake Wixnepesaukee 



A. H. Beardsley. 



SUNSET OX LAKE WINNEPESAUKEE 32? 



SUNSET ON LAKE WINNEPESAUKEE 

By Maitie Bennett Meader. 

We liave heard of a beautiful City 
Where the streets are of jasper and gold. 
So bright that its glory can never 
By the tongue of mortal be told. 

Tonight 1 thought of that City 
Which I hope sometime to see, 
And I wondered if its beauty 
Could be fairer than Earth's to me. 

We were sailing into a sunset, 
O'er a lake all sapphire and gold, 
The sun hung low in a purple west 
That a m\ stery seemed to hold. 

Far away in the misty distance 

1 could see a line of shore, 

And I dreamed of that other country, 

And of loved ones gone before. 

As we sailed through the gold and sapphire 
On toward the sunset bright, 
I wondered if they were thinking of me 
By the shining sea of light. 

We turned away from the purple west, 
Away from the sun's red glow, 
And homeward sailed in the full moon's light, 
Through her path of shimmering gold. 

I could not dream of a fairer sight 
Than yon lake where the moonlight gleams, — 
Though we know that the City not made" with hands 
Is fair beyond human dreams. 



?3aS 



AAVARBLER1NG ON THE MARSH 



By Catherine Up ham Hunter 



I might more truthfully say a-wal- 
lowing in the Marsh, for the uncertain 
sedges lure me onto their tussocks 
onlv to douse me ankle-deep in gurg- 



ling water. 



And vet, of all these 



many and diverse acres for bird-hunt- 
ing with a field-glass, none there are 
than can compete with the Marsh — no, 
not even the banks of the Connecti- 
cut itself where the Sandpiper teeters 
and peeps among the fresh water 
clams, and the Hermit Thrushes sing- 
loud and clear in the patriarchal hem- 
locks high above. For the Marsh is 
the very pulse of Spring, its beat 
quickening in dour March when 
the first hyla chorus banishes in one. 
evening Old Winter; for do not the 
Children, lifting their tousled heads, 
in sleepy rapture from their pillows, 
cry, "O listen, the frogs in the Marsh 
— it's Spring!" 

And wonderful things happen then 
and there to the Marsh— but Marsh 
Mysteries are another story and to- 
day I am out "a-warblering". 

The Warblers come in unheralded 
fashion and their migrant brethren, 
whom I discover and delight in today, 
may be gone tomorrow ; too rare and 
too beautiful are these tiny beings 
for everyday intimacy. They are 
flame spirits from Nature's holy-of- 
holies, as remote, unattainable and 
poignantly beautiful as the shafts of 
many-colored light that radiate from 
the Sangreal. They vibrate and shim- 
mer in the golden leafmess of the 
Marsh even as the Grail harmonies 
vibrate and shimmer in my memory, 
suddenly released there by some secret 
spring. Jewelled light, shimmering, 
heavenly harmonies all on a May 
morning when one is seeking warblers 
in a New England marsh— how can 
this be? I do not know — perhaps 
one associates unconsciously the jewel- 
led Cappella Palatina half across the 
world with these breathing, jewelled 



mosaics of feathers, the Warblers. 

Around me the Marsh was palpi- 
tant with spring : myriads of tiny 
plant life enameled the pools in intri- 
cate designs, and swimming in the 
interstices of this ornamentation 
were schools of merry water-bugs; 
darting unceasingly, these toy moni- 
tors manoeuvred and out-manoeuved 
each other with a superior mechanism 
that needed no key-winder. Ancient 
and young frogs rose above this mini- 
ature sea — a new brand of smoke- 
less, putting, green volcanos whkjh 
the toy monitors did not notice. And 
everywhere dipping their feet in the 
watery swamp stood willows um- 
brella-topped, and red-stemmed dog- 
woods, wattled into water-habitations 
for Blackbirds. Ah, the Blackbirds: 
"kon-kareeing," balancing and dancing 
in the tops of these willows and alders 
with their scarlet and yellow epaulets 
flaming against their black plumage 
— surely never a lady Blackbird could 
be heart-proof in such assembly of 
gold-lace ! 

I was bound past the Blackbirds 
to the last outpost of the Marsh, where 
almost conquered by meadowland 
but guarded by a row of stiff cat-tails 
(veritable grenadier guards in brown 
catskin shakos!) was the last clump 
of silvery willows and hazels; they 
glistened so quietly, so warmly in the 
sunshine that no warbler could pass 
by their feeding ground. Here I 
waited in the violet-studded grass — 
while beyond, over in the open part 
of the Marsh, Swallows skimmed and 
dipped in the water which reflected to 
heaven its deep azure, and white 
cloud-puffs. So pleasant were my 
thoughts, so mellow was the sunshine 
that a liquid carillion rung unheeded, 
or, rather, melted into my thoughts ; 
it was only when a sharp, imperative 
"tchep !" just over my head startled 
me out of fancv-land that I discover- 



A-WARBLERLVG ON THE MARSH 



329 



ed a Myrtle Warbler studying me, yes 
and challenging- me with another 
"tchepr more irritated than the first. 
Wide awake now I approved the War- 
bler (indeed who would not. were a 
jewelled being of blues and gold, 
patched with jet. to hover before one?) 
\es, and I approved his sang-froid. 
He watched me with his shining eyes 
as rrmeh as to say "What patent have 
you on ns? Perhaps, do you know? 
I shall specialize in you!" But an 
insect chanced too near and presto ! 
the Beauty was in the air and had 
snapped it into his beak. However. 
he came back to his perch and I 
knew he would ; tor his likewise is 
that Flycatcher habit. Then his lady 
appeared from out a haze and 
joined him in the willow, bin for me 
she had no use ; I think she told him 
so for. when she launched out for the 
River in strong, bold flight, my lord 
followed. 

A light breeze sighed through the 
willow and then a Black-and-White 
Warbler wound from near the plant- 
flecked water to the top of the tree, 
and afterward he flitted off in ner- 
vous warbler- fash ion. 

The sunlight quivered over the 
sedges and stroked the little willow 
leaves impatiently, as if in anticipa- 
tion. Again the breeze sighed 
through the willow but it told no 
secrets. Life seemed a golden glory 



this fair May day. unrippled, un- 
clouded by any ugly thing— "simple 
as the life of birds. '* O irony! are 
there' no snakes hiding and waiting 
even now in the swamp grass,, are 
there no predatory hawks, no killing, 
pelting storms which pass over tins 



■sh? Lift 



wc 



iiake it 



"simple" when well-ordered : When 
we go a-birding, let us remember that. 

A chirrupy little song of assurance 
comes from the heart of the thicket, 
I pause and peer. Pippa passes but 
tlie hedge screens her ! 1 look in a 
neighboring alder and there are two 
exquisite Northern Parula Warblers, 
too exquisite for earth, for mortal 
eye. The chirrup)- song bubbles 
forth and they seem irradiant as they 
slip into the fastnesses of the Marsh. 
Over by the wattled viburnum is a 
Maryland Yellow Throat. black- 
masked and mysterious. Flitting near 
him are two yellow beauties, black 
capped, green mantled, golden gown.- 
ed. They dart into the air for insects 
but, unlike the Myrtles, do not return 
to their perch. They are Wilson 
Warblers. 

And now at the high tide of in- 
terest I must leave the Marsh, what 
other treasure lurks within its leanness 
I shall not know but, as I look back, 
out of the water-bound shrubbery 
flashes the yellow fire of two Sum- 
mer Warblers. 



THE ORIOLE 

By Ellen Lucy Brown 

A flash of color amid the green, 
A glint of gold athwart the sky, 
A bugle call in clear-cut tone ! 
The heart that aches grows glad 
And glad hearts ne'er turn sad 
When sweetly falls on the listening eai 
The melodious song of joy undimmed 
That says "Be glad. Again I'm here." 



' 



NORTH PARISH CHURCH, NORTH HAVERHILL 



By Katherine C. Header. 



"I have considered the days of old. 
The years of Ancient Times." 

In studying the early history of 
Havcrhili we find that here as else- 
where in Puritan New England, 
church and state went hand in 
.hand and taxes were levied for the 
preaching of the gospel, as well as 
the town expenses. 

Our town Charter hears the. date 
of April 18, 1763. and besides the 
shares of land apportioned to the 
75 grantees, gives "to his Excellen- 
cy Gov. Benning YVentworth, two 
shares, or 500 acres — to the. Socie- 
ty for the Propagation of the Gos- 
pel in Foreign Parts, one. share — 
one for the Glebe of the Church 



of England, 



one 



for the first set- 



tled minister and one for the sup- 
port of schools." 

Many of the grantees of Haver- 
hill were also grantees of New- 
bury, Vt., and these two towns, 
situated on either side of the Con- 
necticut River, ''in the rich mead- 
ow's of Cohos.'"' 1 ' had many inter- 
ests in common. 

At a meeting of the Proprietors 
of Haverhill held in June, 1763, at 
Plaistow, 100 miles away, it was 
voted to unite with Newbury in 
paying for preaching two or three 
months that fall or winter if pos- 
sible and the next year it was 
voted to have preaching for six 
months. 

This was the last of the "town 



meetings" held away from the town 
as on Oct. 16, 1764. the first Pro- 
prietor's meeting in Haverhill was 
held at the house of Captain John 
llazen.'^ 

He was one of the leading men 
of the town, his name being first 
on the list of grantees. At this 
house were held for several years 
religious meetings, town meetings, 
and public gatherings, and here in 
those early days the pioneers 
were wont to meet and "devise 
ways and means for the govern- 
ment and progress of the new set- 
tlement/-''^ 

In 1764, the Rev. Peter Powers, 
a son of Capt. Powers, who ten 
years before had been sent with a 
small party of men to explore "the 
hitherto unknown region of Coos," 
came from Hollis to labor with 
this people in holy things. Through 
his instrumentality a chureh was 
formed comprising members from 
both sides of the river and an ec- 
clesiastical union formed which 
lasted nearly twenty years. 

In January, 1765, at a special 
meeting held at Capt. Hazen's the 
town voted- to unite with New- 
bury in giving Mr. Powers "a call 
to be their gospel minister and to 
pay as their share of his salary 36 
pounds and six shillings yearly 
and 1-3 part of his installation. 
In addition to this they voted to 
give him 30 cords of wood yearly, 
cut and corded, at his door." 



(1) Coos or CoIkjx I pronounced and sometimes spelled Co-wass) ""that once fairyland of long: 
slumbering generations," was the name given by the Indians to this section of the river valley, 
from the curving, bow shaped course f,f the stream — a similar "Ox bow'" being noticed at 
Lancaster or Upper Coos. The natives styled themselves Coosucks. 

(2) Capt. John Hazen erected the first frame hoiue in Haverhill m 176;"i. a few log houses 
being built previous to that date. This house beautifully situated on the Haverhill side of the 
Big Ox-bow and commanding a n.agr.iheant view r.f Moosilauke and the eastern hills, is sttl! 
in good repair, its massive timbers as £ound as ever, after the lapse of more than a century and 
a half. It is a hne specimen of colonial architecture with its immense chimney, fireplaces. 
carved mantle pieces, brick oven, etc. One room is beautifully panelled and in nearly every 
roorn fine woodwork was found beneath the lath and plaster of a later date. Some of the 
floor boards nre of pine, 2o inches wide. 

(3) The Johr, Kaz-n farm, late known as the Swasey Farm, has for the last 25 jears been 
owned and occupied by the family of the writer of this sketch. 



NORTH PARISH CHURCH 



33 i 



This was the first vole of money 
by the Town as distinguished from 
the Proprietors and the Commit- 
tee chosen to carry tiiis vote into ef- 
fect was Timothy Bedell, John Tap- 
iin and Elisha Lock. 

It was also voted at this special 
meeting that 210 acres of land be 
laid out as a parsonage lot next to 
the river at Horse Meadow north 
of the Hazen Farm. 

In colonial times, according to a 
statute passed in the reign of 
Queen Ann, the whole town was 
considered as one parish and was 
empowered to hire and settle min- 
isters and pay them from the pub- 
lic treasury, The established church 
in the early history of Haverhill 
was Congregational and every tax- 
able citizen was compelled to con- 
tribute toward its support unless 
he could prove that he belonged to 
a different persuasion and regular- 
ly attended church every Sabbath. 
* The Rev. Peter Powers, the first 
pastor of the Haverhill and New- 
bury church, graduated from Har- 
vard in 1754, and preached for 
several years at Norwich, Conn., 
but took a dismissal from that 
church and returned to his father's 
home in Hollis, N. H. In Feb, 
1766, he accepted the call to settle 
in the parishes of Newbury and Hav- 
erhill and arrangements were at 
once made for his installation, 
which took place at Hollis, his 
new parish having voted that it 
should he held -'down country 
where it si thought best." What 
seems to us more unusual yet, he 
preached his own installation ser- 
mon which was afterward printed 
for sale in Portsmouth with the fol- 
ing title page — 

A sermon preached at Hollis, N. 
H., Feb. 27, 1765, at the Installa- 
tion of the Rev. Peter Powers, A. 
M., for the towns of Newbury and 
Haverhill at a place called Coos in 
the Province of New Hampshire. 



By Myself. 

Published at the desire of many 
who heard it, to whom it is hum- 
bly -dedicated by the unworthy 
author. 

Then saith he to his servants — 
The wedding is ready. Go ye 
therefore into the highways and 
as many as ye shall find, bid to 
the marriage." Matt. XXII 8-9. 

Portsmouth in New Hampshire. 
Printed and sold by Daniel and 
Robert Fowle. 1765'. 

One historian of the times says: 

"Mr. Powers was a serious, 
godly man, (more distinguished 
for his plain faithful and pungent 
preaching, than for any grace in 
style or diction. Yet his sermon 
exhibited thought, arrangement, a 
deep knowledge of the scriptures 
and a soul full of the love of 
Christ." 

Mr. Powers' goods were brought 
up from Charlestown on the ice 
soon after his installation but his 
family did not arrive until April. 

On June 15, 1767, at a Town 
meeting held at Haverhill it was 
"voted to join with Newbury in 
building a meeting house in the 
center of X T ewbury, as the road 
shall he laid out, beginning at the 
south end of the Governor's farm, 
measuring the road next to the 
river to the south end of the town, 
or the lower end, and the midel is the 
place." 

Also voted that Capt. John 
Hazen, Ezekiel Ladd and Timothy 
Bedell be a Committee to assist 
in laying out the road and locating 
the meeting house. 

In those days it was considered 
a disgrace not to attend church 
unless one had a very good excuse 
and parents might be seen walking 
with their children, carrying the 
little ones in their arms to the 
Great Oxbow church, many going 
as far as five miles and some even 
ten or twelve. As there were no 



332 



THE GRANITE MONTHLY 



roads or bridges, when the Haver- 
hill p e o pie w e ] i t to c h u r c h t h e y 
crossed the river in canoes, there 
being a sort of a ferry at the south 
end of the town near the Wood- 
ward place, just below where the 
South Newbury or Bedel Bridg'e 
now stands. 

There was another ferry at the 
Dow farm, now Pine Grove Farm. 
the home of Sen. IT. W. Keyes, and 
still another at Horse Meadow, at 
the Potter Place, the farm now 
owned by Mr. Elmer French." 

The men usually went barefoot 
in the summer and the women 
would take off their shoes and 
stockings while walking through 
the woods, where the grass and 
bushes were damp, "and trip along 
as nimbly as the dce^," decorously 
putting on their footgear again as 
they neared the church. 

Bui few records were kept, and 
we know very little of the trials 
and triumphs of tin's earlv church. 
However, the preachers life must 
have been a very strenuous one 
as there was no white minister 
north of Charlestown for some 
years after Mr. Powers settled in 
Coos and he was frequently called 
upon to attend weddings and fu- 
nerals and to preach the word of 
God in the new settlements up and 
down the river. 

Until there was a definite foot- 
path marked out on the river bank, 
Mr. Powers used to perform these 
journeys in his canoe. 

It was several years before a meet- 
ing house was built on the Haverhill 
side of the river, though the town 
paid its share of Mr. Powers' sal- 
ary and meetings were frequently 
held there in groves, barns or pri- 
vate houses as seemed most suita- 
ble. 

In Feb. 1770, at a Town meeting 
held at Capt. Plazen's it was voted 
"to build a meeting house in Hav- 

Xote (4) will be found at bottom of page 333. 



erhill this present year/' and on 
March 13th, of the same year it 
was voted "to set the Meeting 
House on the Common land, 
where Joshua Poole's house now 
stands/' and to build the Meeting 
House 50x1-0. It was also voted 
that J. Sanders, Elisha Lock and 
Kzekiel Padd be a Committee to 
provide materials for building the 
meeting house. Not much seems 
to have been done that year 
toward building the house how- 
ever, and the. next spring, 1771, 
March 12, the subject was ag-ain 
brought up in town meeting, when 
it was voted to reconsider the vote 
concerning the size of the build- 
ing and "to build a house one storv, 
36" ft. by 30 ft." 

Voted "to raise the frame of the 
meeting house, board and shingle 
the same and lay the under floor/' 

Also voted "to raise fifty pounds 
lawful money for building said 
house at Horse Meadow, (later 
known as the North Parish) and 
to give each man liberty to work- 
out his proportion of said house at 
three shillings (50 cts.) a day." 

We hnd it recorded that during 
the next few years several availed 
themselves of this privilege in 
hewing out timbers for the frame 
of the church but for some reason 
the work progressed slowly and 
we do not know the exact date 
when it was finished, probably not 
until after the close of the Revolu- 
tion. 

It was a square, unpainted build- 
ing, beautifully situated at the turn 
of the road, in the southwest cor- 
ner of what is now Horse Meadow- 
cemetery. Its wide front door 
faced the south and on the west, 
looking out over the broad Con- 
necticut valley, it was shaded by 
the Lombardy poplars, set out by 
Col. Asa Portor, which lined the 
street in a double row. (4) 



NORTH PARISH CHURCH 



333 



Within it was severely plain like 
most of the country churches of 
that, period, large, square pews 
each with its Little door occupying 
the center of the room with narrow 
straight backed benches around the 
sides. The pulpit, narrow and 
high, with its lofty sounding board, 
faced the door, while a gallery for 
the singers ran around the other 
three sides. For many years the 
house was unheated except as some 
sister might bring her foot stove 
but later a large box stove was 
set np near the door. Xo porch, 
no spacious vestibule, no 'stained 
glass windows, no soft cushioned 
pews added their attractions. No 
swelling notes of the organ or chime 
of sweet toned bells summoned the 
people to worship yet here sabbath 
after sabbath large congregations 
were wont to gather, to praise God, 
and to keep alive that "faith of their 
fathers — holy faith" to which so 
many of them were "true till death." 

In the mean time Mr. Powers 
had been dismissed from the church 
at Newbury and though he moved 
over to Haverhill and preached 
there for a few years longer religi- 
ous interest seems to have been at 
a very low ebb, and in 1783 it was 
voted in Town Meeting "not to 
have Mr. Powers to preach any 
more." From that time until the 
building of the church on Ladd St. 
in the south part of the town in 
1790 but little money was raised 
for church purposes and it is said 
that at one time nut a sermon had 
been preached in the place for a year. 

In 1790, however, a powerful re- 
vival of religion swept over the 
town and the spirit came down like 
a might}- rushing wind, "In every 



house from the Dow Farm to the 
Piermont line the inhabitants were 
wading for sin" and many from all 
parts of the town joined the newly 
organized church. 

However it was not long before 
the reaction came, the religious zeal 
of the people abated, the once nour- 
ishing church was reduced to 12 
members and "a covering of sack- 
cloth was spread upon the tent of 
Zion." 

For several years dissensions had 
been rife in regard to the places for 
holding church services and the ques- 
tion of dividing the town into two 
parishes was again and again discuss- 
ed the proposed dividing line 
being just below the Fisher 
Farm. The subject was brought up 
in Town Meeting several *"mes but 
the division was for some r^.son bit- 
terly opposed by Gen. Moses Dow 
and many other influential men of the 
town. 

A committee was elected from each 
end of the town to ''settle all disputes 
between the two ends of the town" 
and it was decided "to hold meetings 
for Publick Worship on the Lord's 
Day, Alternatively at each end of 
the town and if through Badness of 
the Weather or Inability of the 
Preacher, he should preach Two or 
More Sabbaths at one end of the town 
the same is to be made up to the 
other end of the town before the 
year comes to an end." As the popu- 
lation of the town increased it was 
very difficult to find preachers with 
whom the whole parish were satisfied 
and petitions were presented in Town 
Meeting from time to time asking 
that the petitioners might be excused 
from helping to pay the salaries of 
ministers with whose religious views 



century and a half ago, 
In almost every instance 



(4) It id to. be regretted that but few of these old churches of 
so typical of New Hampshire and Vermont, are still in existence. 
they have been allowed to df>cay and finally have been torn down. 

A most notable exception is tile old "Dana Meeting House' - at New Hampton, which, thanks 
to a movement started by the late Rev. A. J. Gordon, the beloved and lamented pastor of 
the Clarendon Street church of Boston, has been kept in perfect repair and where services 
are held for a few sabbaths each summer. No attempt has been made to adorn or modernize 
this beautiful old structure, merely to correct and prevent as far as possible the ravages 
of time. 



334 



THE GRANITE MONTHLY 



they had no sympathy and whose 
church they never attended. 

We find on record the plea of one 
Thomas Nichols to be excused from 
taxation for church purposes accom- 
panied by the following certificate. 

"This may certify that Mr. Thomas 
Nichols of Haverhill is and has been 
for a number of years sentimentally 
a Baptist and has when called on, 
punctually paid his proportion for the 
support oi the ministry in that de- 
nomination. 

(Signed) Ezra Wellmouth 
Minister of the Gospel of the regular 
Baptist denomination, Rumney. 
A true copy. Attest. 

Joseph Ladd. 
Town Clerk. 
Haverhill. X. H. Jan. 1:4, 1S04. 

It seems that his petition was 
granted but not until he had paid his 
minister's tax for the year — .61 cents. 

Other men more prominent in the 
early history of Haverhill protested 
against the injustice of this taxation 
among them Gen. Moses Dow, John 
Hurd a ttd Asa Porter. 

The statute remained in force, how- 
ever, until the passing of the Toler- 
ation Act in 1807 

Finally in 1814 "the people began 
to flow together again" to hear the 
word of God. under the preaching 
of Rev. Grant Powers, a grandson 
of the pioneer and he says that before 
the close of the year 1815 more than 
sixty were called to the church. 
"Some became pillars and remained so 
until this day though some have 
fallen asleep." 

It was during this revival of in- 
terest in spiritual tilings that the town 
was finally divided into two parishes 
by an Act of the Legislature. Sam- 
uel Morey of Orford, Jonathan Mer- 
rill of Warren and Samuel Hutchins 
of Bath, being the Committee ap- 
pointed to "run the line." 

(5) Information ,regarding any member of the 
received by the writer of this sketch. For this 
ing it may meet the eye of some descendant or 
nieat<i with her. 



The people in the north end of the 
town had long been desirous of hav- 
ing a settled pastor and services in 
their own church every Sabbath. 

Finally on June 10th, 1815, thirteen 
of the members of the Ladd St. 
church who lived at Horse Meadow 
and Brier Hill with a few from Bath, 
met to perfect a separate organization 
and on June 15th. the North Parish 
Congregational Church was formally 
and legally organized. The Rev. 
Samuel Godard, their first pastor was 
the moderator of the meeting, and 
was assisted by the Rev. David Suth- 
erland of Bath. 

Steven Morse and John Punchard 
were elected Deacons, and John Kim- 
ball chosen Clerk and Treasurer. 

A most binding Covenant and eight 
Articles of Faith were adopted with 
this preamble. 

The object we have in view to 
have a written Covenant and Articles 
of Faith is not to sit ourselves up as 
a party and to practically say "we are 
more holly than thou" but think it is 
a duty we owe ourselves, our pos- 
terity for Jesus Christ, that we make 
known to the world what appears to 
.us to be the plain meaning of the 
fundamental principals of the word of 
God and that by these truths that we 
may adhere steadfast until the e.nd. 

Neither do we adopt these articles 
of faith as terms of communion but 
on the contrary our communion table 
will always stand open to every man 
who gives clear evidence of conver- 
sion to God, the blood of the Cross 
and who walketh uprightly. 

Desirous of being united together of 
the same mind and judgment, we de- 
clare the following to be a brief sum- 
mary of our view of divine truth." 

Then follow the eight Articles and 
the Covenant. 

' r,) At the risk of being tedious I 
will give the list of church mem- 

North Parish church will he most gratefully 
reason the complete list has been given, hop- 
relative who will be kind enough to commu- 



NORTH PARISH CHURCH 



335 



bership, the first thirteen being the 
original members and the founders 
of the North Parish Congregational 
Church. 

Dea. Steven Morse Joseph Bullock 

Form Carr John Morse 

Pan'l Carr Jahleel Willis 

Jon a Whitman An<^ r ew S. Crocker 

Moses Campbell Henry Hancock 

John Punchard Moses A. Morse 
John Kimball 

Dan'l Rowel! Susana Howard 
Joseph Emerson Jedediah Kimball 
Nathan Heath Betsey Crocker 
Dan'l Carr, Sen. Betsey Crocker, Sen 
Nathan Avery Matinda Can- 
Moses Mulliken Sally Kimball 
Moses Mulliken, Jr. Mrs, Poter 
Edward B. Crocker H. R. Leland 
Gorarn Keger Airs. Robertson 
Hiram Carr Sarah Hibbard 
D. C. Kimball Charlotte Emerson 
Agustus Robinson Mary Hibbard 
Elisha Hibbard Charlotte Mulliken 
Daniel Carr. Jr. Sally Mulliken 
Mr. E. Swift Mary Wilson 
Sally Chase Roxalana Worthen 
Isabella Sanborn Mrs. Avery 
Clarissa Sanborn Mabel Brock 
Patty Gibson Liza Carr 
Anna Mullikdn Betsey Bliss 
Sarah Morse Miss Moira Brewster 
Hannah Carr Mrs. Satn'l Carr 
Sally Punchard Relief Mulliken 
Mehitabel Kimball Sally Gitchell 
Sarah Bullock Mrs. Nancy Delano 
Unice Morse Mr. Luther Warren 
Sally Willis Mrs. Luther Warren 
Shua Crocker Alden E. Morse 
Hannah Morse Phebe Gitchell 
Betsey Emerson Mrs. Mary Hibbard 
Elizabeth Carr Mrs Hubert Eastman 
Ana Bruce Mrs. Eliza Page 
Alary Chase Airs. Elisha Swift 
Alary Goodridge Aliss Laura W. Aver 
Isabella Johnson Aliss Alma A. Carr 
Polly Johnson 

"All are vanished now and fled." 
As far as we know not a single 
member of the North Parish Church 
is now living. Airs. Hubert East- 
man who died Nov. 20th, 1904, at the 
advanced age of 85, was the last one 
to pass from the church militant to 
the church triumphant. At the time of 
her admission to the church we find 
this record. Nov. 1st. 1849. 

"Also Mrs. Hubbard Eastman who 
was a member of the Congregational 



church in Worcester, Vt. but by rea- 
son of a seism in that church she 
could not bring a letter, presented her 
case and wished to become a member 
of this church. 

"Voted thai inasmuch as her christ- 
ian character is without reproach 
among us and she is in no way per- 
sonally and directly involved in the 
seism of the church in Worcester, 
she should be received into this as 
though she were regularly recom- 
mended by letter." 

Though the church records are few 
and far between they are often right to 
the point as for instance, Sept. 8, 1815 

"Voted to give Sally Chase a letter 
of recommendation. 9th. Gave a 
letter of recommendation to said 
Sally.'" 

The names of the pastors are not 
given excepting as they are sometimes 
referred to as presiding at church 
meetings. We have no account of 
the salaries paid to the different min- 
isters or how the money was raised. 
That they depended on outside help to 
some extent we see by the following 
entry. Sept. 2nd. 1816. Voted the 
thanks of the church be communi- 
cated to the N. H. Missionary Society 
for aid they have afforded the chh. 
the season past. Voted the clerk be 
directed to communicate the vote of 
thanks to the Missionary Society, sol- 
iciting further aid." 

The records give but little informa- 
tion as to the actual business of the 
church, referring mostly to the ad- 
mission of new members either by 
letter profession and the dismissal of 
members as they removed from the 
place or joined other churches in the 
vicinity. 

From 1817 to 1827 we find no 
records, although the Treasurer's 
Book shows that Communion ser- 
vices were frequent!)' held and con- 
tributions received during that 
time. 

The contributions were very 
small however, hardly enough to 



336 



THE GRANITE MONTHLY 



pay" for the Communion wine used. 
In fact, the church was at one time 
owing the Treasurer the sum of 
$5.97 for wine, etc., which was 
made up to him by the kindness of 
the Ladies' Auxiliary, an associa- 
tion having the ambitious title of 
the "Society for Educating the 
Heathen Youth/' This is the first 
"Ladies' Aid Society'' of which we 
have any record in town. They 
held their meetings the first Mon- 
day of each month and we find it 
recorded that on Sept. 22. 1819, 
they had on hand $ 15.97. of which 
they paid the Treasurer of the 
Sta'te Missionary Society $10.00 
and later gave their church treas- 
urer the $5.97, the balance due him. 

We. are glad he was no loser on 
account of his generosity, and that 
the "Society for Educating the 
Heathen Youth," permitted its 
funds to be used for "such other 
purposes as the church shall from 
time, to time judge to be most for 
the promotion of the Cause of 
Zion." 

A few extracts from his book 
will show that he must have had 
to use some ingenuity, to say the 
least, in keeping his accounts. 

The first entry is: 
April 7, 1816, Contributions 

of church $1.83 

Contributions of 
congregation $6.13 

Paid Rev. Mr. Godard $8.00 

Paid for wine .67 

Nov. 24, 1816, Contribution $1.36 
To paid for wine .67 

To paid two books 7-6 and 

two letters $1.45 

Sometimes they were more for- 
tunate, however, and the contribu- 
tions more nearly paid the ex- 
penses. 

April 1, 1817, By your treasurer, 
(Sister Wilson insisted he should 
receive for writing and postage of 
letters to Claremont when she 
joined the church) $1.00 



To cash paid Dea. Morse, the 
balance due him for table 
furniture $1.32 

Dec. 24, 1817, Communion, Mr. 
Godard preaches ; contri- 
bution $5.75 
Wine, Dea. Morse found and 

we pay .75 

June 7, 1820. Contribution .7S 

Paid two quarts wine $1.00 

Aug". 1, Contribution, John Carr .12 
Paid 1 qt. and 1 gil wine .50 

1825, Rev. Mr. Sutherland 
To paid 3 pts. wine .75 

Cash paid by John Carr .10 

1827, Communion, Rev. Air. Porter. 
To 3 pts wine, 1 qt. charged, .38 
1S28, Aug. 10, To 2 qts. malaga 

wine .58 

By Dan'l Carr (Capt.) .25 

By Dea. Morse .10 

By Mrs. Hibbard .20 

Total $.55 

Under this last date the Treas- 
urer cheerfully adds "nearly 
100 communicants — three churches 
and our own." 

Among those who are mentioned 
as administering communion from 
time to time are Rev. Air. McKeen, 
Rev. David Sutherland, Air. Jona- 
than Hovey, Rev. David Smith, 
Rev. Sylvester Dana, Rev. Air. 
Porter and Rev. Air. Dutton. 

How many of these were regu- 
lar settled pastors we do not know 
—certainly not all of them. 

In 1833, John Kimball, with sev- 
eral others, having taken a letter 
of dismissal from this church and 
a letter of reccommendation to the 
church at Haverhill Corner, John 
Carr was chosen clerk, which office 
he held until 1847, when the Rev. 
Samuel Delano took charge of the 
church. He kept the records him- 
self, his last entry being in 1831. 
He was full of zeal but very ec- 
centric. It is said that when a 
faithful sister once remonstrated 
with him for some oddity, he re- 
plied, "Aladam, I must be Sam 



NORTH PARISH CHURCH 337 

Delano or nothing - ." During his ligious beliefs of a generation of 

pastorate, Dea. Perley Aver- and faithful, unassuming men and 

Deacon Elisha Swift were quite women and thus was an important 

active in church work and were factor in the early history of our 

frequent!}" sent as delegates to town. 

other churches at the time of lit- As tin's older generation passed 

stallation of pastors, etc. away and the succeeding one he- 

Although he calls himself the came interested in other churches 

pastor of the North /Parish, his in the town, the old building was 

congregation was getting scattered, neglected and fell into disuse as a 

the house was getting sadly out of place for holding services although 

repair, and he preached in various down Meetings were still held 

other places, sometimes at the there until the erection of the 

Brier Hill School House and later Town House at the Center, 

as new churches were built in At last the building w r as sold to 

these parts of the town, at the Mr. Lafayette 'Morse and 'used 

Union House at the Center, or at as a barn. It was moved away in 

the Brick church (Baptist) at 1SS2 and the Cemetery extended 

North Haverhill Village. to its present boundaries, being en- 

Among his notes we rind, 1848, larged by the addition of the beau- 
Jan., "First Sabbath. Very cold. tiful corner lot. Of the row of 
blowing hard, meeting very thin, stately poplars, but 'one remains, 
and the ordinance of the supper standing like a lonely sentinel at 
deferred. 1850, March 3. Com- the foot of the street. 
rnunion service. Day very cold. The pewter communion set. or (6> 
Few present. Interesting and prof- "Table Furnature" as it is styled 
itable time. May 5. Day rainy, in the Treasurer's Book, together 
Few present. Solemn and interest- with the books of the clerk and 
ing. July 7. Communion. Good treasurer, were carried to the home 
day. A season of deep interest, of Mr. Joshua Carr in Brier Hill 
etc." for safe keeping. 

His pastorate terminated in 1851. Later, that home being broken 

and after that time we have but up by the death of its members, 

one more item, "the Rev. Air. they were sent to the Historical 

Strong being pastor and Dea. E. Pooms at Concord, where they will 

Swift, clerk — April 5, 1855, (a sad be carefully pre.-erved. 

commentary on the downfall of Those who care for the annals 

one of their members) 'Voted to of the past will find these records 

excommunicate M. N". M. from the quaint and interesting reading. 

church, on the charge of Disord- though they are far from complete. 

ely Conduck in particular for Drink- The life of this church, brief 

ing Speretous Dickers.' ' and uneventful as it was, covers 

This closes the written history a period in the earl}' part of the 

of the North Parish Church, but of 19th century singularly lacking in 

its unwritten history who can tell? occasion or opportunity for heroic 

Its life as a separate organiza- adventures or deeds of high renown 

tion was brief, lasting only forty yet most important as a strong and 

years, yet it satisfied the spiritual necessary link in the chain binding 

aspirations and crystalized the re- together the pioneers, the heroes 

(6) Extract from Treasurers Report :— - 

1817. Jan. 1 i. Contribution by Brother John Moiyo- toward table furnature $1.00 

1817. July 17. To cash paid v Dea. Morse, the bal. due him for the Table Furniture $1.32 

1817. July 17. To cash paid Dea. Horse, the bal. due him for the Table Furniture ?1.32 



338 THE GRANITE MONTHLY 

of 76 and the "boys of '61." tions let us see to it that their mem- 

As the harsh discordant echoes ory be kept green and not allowed 

of the great world war are gradually to fade away and utterly perish 

lying away let us turn our atten- from the earth. 

lion for a time to the unsung heroes To this end it is certainly desir- 

of a century ago. able that the site of this old church 

Recognizing that "peace hath its should not be forgotten, 

victories no less than war" we must ,T) 'Let us mark with some suitable 

grant their sturdy virtues, their and enduring memorial the hal- 

sterling qualities of mind and heart lowed spot which was to our fore 

a high place in our estimation. fathers for so many years "a faith's 

For the sake of the future genera- pure shrine/' 

(7) Coosuek Chapter D. A. R. hope, with the cooperation of their many friends, to erect e. 
gateway in the near future, at the Horse Meadow Cemetery to mark the site of the North 
Parish Church. 



THE HAVEN OF LOST SHIPS 

By E. F. Kecne 

I roamed, one night, the dread Sargasso Sea 
Between the Azores and the Spanish Main, 
And saw the sea-killed souls of vanished ships — 
Clippers, and slavers, galleons, sloops of war — 
Jammed rail to rail, a continent of wrecks 
Bound round with weed by ocean's endless sti 



•earn, 



It seemed to me each derelict was manned 

By crews long dead; their gray, fantastic shapes 

(Yet fantasy is very real in dreams) 

Hurrying fore and aft, and up and down, 

Hauling the treasure from some oozy hold ; 

Lowering strange boats with lightning discipline; 

Breaking out stores laid down when mighty Spain 

Owned the Xew World,, and challenged Britain's self 

Her stewardship of the seas. — And some were slaves: 

White grisly things of bone chained row on row 

Which writhed and fought in orderly confusion. 

Stretched hands to me. and whimpered for release. 

Warriors, pirates— each ship's company — 

Died nobly or ignobly, as they passed 

From time again into eternity; 

And pale corpse-candles of St. Elmo's fire 

Illumined with despair this ancient death, 

Where all Atlantis' floatsam waits the end. 



,3S-t 



A REMARKABLE FAMILY 

WITH A CLOSE NEW HAMPSHIRE CONNECTION 



What may safely be called a most 
remarkable family and one that pro- 
bably cannot he matched in one re- 
spect at leas:, is that of the late 
Isaac Stevens Metealf of Elyria, O. 

Mr. "Metealf was of the eighth gen- 
eration from Michael Metealf. the 
immigrant ancestor, son of Isaac and 
Anne Mayo (Stevens) Metealf, born 
in Royalston. Mass., January 29, 
1822, and a graduate of Bowdoin Col- 
lege, class of 1847. He was a civil 
engineer by profession, and followed 
the same in Maine and New Hamp- 
shire till 1850, when he removed to 
Illinois and was engaged in the con- 
struction of the Illinois Cetral Rail- 
road till its completion in 1855. In 
November of the following year he 
removed to Elyria, O., where he re- 
sided till his death, February 19, 
1878. He was a prominent citizen 
and held various positions of public 
trust. 

Mr. Metealf married July 5, .1852, 
Antoinette Brigham, daughter of Rev. 
John M. and Arethca (Brigham) 
Putnam of Dumbarton, N. H. Mr. 
Putnam was a prominent Congrega- 
tional clergyman of his day. and was 
pastor of the church in Dumbarton 
from July 8, 1850, till October 9, 
1861. Isaac S. and Antoinette B. 
Metealf had twelve children, of 
whom three died in infancy and nine 
grew to maturity, and eight are now 
living, these are : 

1. Wilder Stevens Metealf, born 
in Milo, Me., September 10, 1855; 
Oberlin College, A. B., 1878; Univ. 
of Kan. School of Law, 1897; U. S. 
Pension Agent, Topeka, Kan.. 8 1-2 
years; member Lawrence Kan. School 
Board, 10 years ; private in Ohio 
Nat. Guard ; private to brigadier gen- 
eral in Kansas Nat. Guard; major and 
colonel 29th Kansas Inf., serving in 
Phillipines; promoted brigadier gen- 



eral by Pies. McKinley ; brigadier 
general in command of 77th Inf. 
brigade at Camp Beauregard. Alex- 
andria, Ya., 1817; retired 1819; now 
conducting farm loan business in 
Lawrence. Kan. 

2. Charles Rich Metealf, born in 
Elyria, O., August 3. 1857, employed 
for many years past in the office of 
Gen. Wilder S. Metealf, Lawrence, 
Kan. 

3. Marion Metealf, born Elyria, 
O.. May 1, 1859; graduated from 
Wellesley College, Mass., 1880; ten 
years a member of Wellesley faculty; 
three years teacher of Bible in Hamp- 
ton Institute, Ya. ; now residing in 
Oberlin. O. 

4. Anna Mayo Metealf, born El- 
yria, O., July 26, 1862; Wellesley Col- 
lege, Oberlin College, 1884; married 
April 30, 1887, Azariah Smith Root, 
librarian of Oberlin College. 

5. John Milton Putnam Metealf, 
born Elyria, O., October 28, 1864; 
Oberlin College, 1885 ; Union Theo- 
logical Seminary, N. Y. City, 1888; 
preacher and teacher ; president Talla- 
dego College, Ala. ; now in Voca- 
tional Training, Department, Vete- 
rans' Bureau, Washington, D. C. 

6. Carl Harlan Metealf, born El- 
yria, O., June 25, 1867; Oberlin Col- 
lege, 1889; Oberlin Theological and 
Chicago Theological Seminary; Con- 
gregational preacher at Madison, O., 
noted singer. 

7. Grace Ethel Metealf, born El- 
yria, O., March 5, 1870; Oberlin Col- 
lege, 1889; married Harold Farmer 
Hall; died Chicago, April 23, 1896. 

8. Henry Martin Metealf, born 
Elyria, O., September 11, 1871; 
Oberlin College, 1891; Pennsylvania 
Medical College ; First Lieut. Medi- 
cal Corps, U. S. Army, 1917-1919; 
now practicing medicine at Wake- 
man, O. 



3-10 



THE GRANITE MONTHLY 



9. Antoinette Brigfiam Putnam 
Metcalf, born Elvria, C, September 
7, \$73: Oberlin College. IS C ^: 
Oberlin College Library ; now Ref- 
erence Librarian, YVellesley College. 

Mr, Metcalf s first wife, An- 
toinette B. Putnam, died August 14, 
1875. March 25. 1878. he married 
Harriet Howes, born at Gatonwood 
House, Northampton. England, July 
17, 1850; died December 17. 1894. 
B}* this second marriage he had six 
children, as follows : 

1. Ralph Howes Metcalf. born 
Elvria. C, Tan. 7. 1879; died Decem- 
ber 10. 1894. 

2. Joseph Mayo Metcalf. born 
Elvria! O.; October 30, 1880; Ober- 
lin College. 1901 ; Harvard College, 
1902; Civil Engineer; now princi- 
pal Assistant Engineer, Missouri, 
Kansas and Texas R. R.. M. K. & 
T. office, St. Louis. Mo. 

3. Eliah Wight Metcalf, born 
Evria. O., December 26. 1881 ; Kan- 
sas State University. 1904; Civil 
Engineer; now with M. K. & T. 
Railway, St. Louis, Mo. 

4. Isaac Stevens Metcalf, born 
Elyria, O.. September 14. 1883; 
Oberlin College, 1906; Editorial 



Writer Cleveland Plaindealer ; now 

in advertising business Cleveland, 
O. 

5. Keves DeWitt Metcalf, born 
Elvria. 6.. April 13. 1889; Oberlin 
College. 1911; Oberlin College Li- 
brary; now assistant Librarian. 
New York Public Library. 

6. Thomas Nelson Metcalf, 
born Elvria, O., September 21, 
1890; Oberlin College. A. B., A. 
M.. and certificate in Physical Ed- 
ucation, 1913 ; coach and physical 
director. Columbia University, 
New York, and Oberlin College; 
now Professor of Physical Educa- 
tion, and assistant coach, Univer- 
sity of Minnesota. 

Of the thirteen children of Isaac 
Stevens Metcalf, now living, all 
but one are college graduates, and 
all hold prominent positions in 
professional, business or social life. 
It is doubtful that another family 
can be found in this or another 
country to match this record. 

Ten of the thirteen children are 
married ; one son and two daugh- 
ters unmarried. There are now 
eighteen living grandchildren — nine 
boys and nine girls. 



PINE-TREE SONG 

By Helen Adams Parker 

Pines, pines, a forest of pines, 
Before rne, around me, in thick brown lines ; 
Plump green boughs towering high over all, 
Bend this way and that at the breezes' call. 

Birds light on your branches and sing their songs, 
I sit 'neath your shade and forget my wrongs; 
The tinkle of cow-bells comes up from the lane, " 
A bumble-bee buzzes in drowsy refrain. 



In and out from low bushes gay butterflies fly, 

The air is so fragrant, so blue is the sky ; 

Earth and all her dumb children are giving their best, 

Then be thankful, oh, man-child, and joy with the rest. 



?4I 



NEW HAMPSHIRE DAY BY DAY 



An interesting addition recently 
made to the state's art collection is 
the self-painted portrait of Adna 
Tenney, who, with his nephew, 
Ulysses D. Tenney, is the author 
of more of the works in that col- 
lection than all other artists rep- 

sented in it combined. The por- 

bv its 



re 
trait 



is given to the state 



wife's grandmother, Lttcinda, wife 
of Colonel Ashbel Smith, was Ad- 
na Tenney 's sister. 

Thomas Tenney, the founder of 
this numerous and important fam- 
ily in America, came from York- 
shire. England, to Salem, Mass., 
in 1639. Representatives of the 
fifth generation from Thomas emi- 






? / 



Adna Tenney: by Himself 



Photo by Kimball Studio. 



subject's son. Rev. Henry M. Tenney, 
trustee of Oberlin College and pastor 
emeritus of the First Congrega- 
tional church in the city of Oberlin. 
Arrangements for the donation 
were made by Hon. George W. 
Barnes of Lyme, member of the 
executive council from the first 
district, whose interest in the mat- 
ter arises from the fact that his 



grated from Norwich, Conn., in 
1770, by ox team, to Hanover, 
where they settled upon what is 
now known as Moose Mountain, 
long called Tenney Hill. In the 
sixth generation was Captain John 
Tenney, who was born in Con- 
necticut, but came to Hanover in 
childhood. He married Lucinda 
Eaton, of Windham, Conn., cousin 



34: 



THE GRANITE MONTHLY 



of the. famous General William 
Eaton, and they had six children, 
one of whom was Adna Tenny, 
while another was Captain John Ten- 
ney, father of Ulysses Dow Ten- 
ney. 

Captain Adna Tenney, taking 
his title like his father from service 
in i\\^ militia, was born in Hano- 
ver, Feb. 26. 1810, and represented 
his town in the legislature in 
1853-4. His boyhood and young 
manhood were spent on the farm 
and he did not take a paint brush 
in his hand until after his 30th 
birthday. But from that time de- 
votion to art possessed him and so 
continued far into his long life, 
which ended at Oberlin, August 
17, 1900. 

In the fall of 1844 we find him 
receiving what seems to have been 
his only instruction in painting 
from Francis Alexander of Boston. 
His first patron as the subject of a 
portrait was Dr. Dixi Crosby of 
the Dartmouth Medical College, 
followed by most of the other 
personages of that day at Hanover. 
Senator John P. Hale, and Rev. Dr. 
Nathaniel Bouton, famous his- 



torian and divine, were others of 
his early subjects. Contemporary 
critics called his portrait of Gener- 
al Franklin Pierce very good and 
it was chosen for a reproduction in 
the life of its subject which Na- 
thaniel Hawthorne wrote to help 
along, the campaign which resulted 
in the election as president of the 
only native of New Hampshire 
ever to hold that office. 

The New Hampshire State Man- 
ual of 1921 lists 26 portraits now 
on the walls of the capitol build- 
ing as the work of Adna Tenney. 
Several of them are still among the 
most admired in the collection. 
While most of Mr. Tenney's paint- 
ing was done in New Hampshire 
he also visited and worked in Bos- 
ton, New York and Baltimore. One 
winter before the Civil War he 
passed in Arkansas and Missis- 
sippi, painting 27 portraits during 
his stay in the South. Somewhat 
later he resided for a time in Wi- 
nona, Minn., and there devoted 
himself particularly to miniature 
painting, in which he achieved in- 



AN AUGUST PICTURE 

By Alice Sargent Krikorian 

How swift the pictures flash on Memory's wall, 

Coming and going, as the daylight flies! 

On fleeting August, dreamiest of them all. 

Lingers the gaze of our enchanted eyes. 

We catch a glimpse of asters on the brink, 

Admiring their colors in the pool, 

And poppies, in their gowns of red and pink, 

Asserting, as of old, their right to rule. 

Now, Summer, trio' we beg of her to stay, 

Is spurning with her dainty foot the sod, 

And hast'ing o'er the distant hills away. 

Her pathway lit by lamps of goldenrod. 

And vanishing too soon, — we know not where — 

Leaves a sweet fragrance on the misty air. 



3*4 J 



EDITORIAL 



The editor and publisher, since 
January 1, 1919, of" the Granite 
Monthly, has been named by the 
secretary of state of New Hamp- 
shire as his deputy, and for that 
reason rinds it necessary to relin- 
quish the pleasant, if not over 
profitable, task of issuing the state 
magazine. Tie is very glad to an- 
nounce that his ownership of the 
Granite Monthly has been trans- 
ferred to parties who have the 
ability and the disposition to make 
the publication a greater credit to 
and a more valuable asset of. the 
state, than it ever has been in the 
more than forty years of its hon- 
orable history. The change in 
editorship and management will 
take effect with the October num- 
ber and we bespeak for the new 
regime a continuance of that friend- 



ly support and co-operation on the 
part of the contributors, subscribers 
and advertising patrons which 
have, made possible the regular 
issue of the Granite Monthly dur- 
ing the past three years and eight 
months. 

On the eve of finally covering the 
editorial typewriter and balancing 
for the last time the publishers' 
books, our heart is cheered by find- 
ing in the. mail a check for two 
years' advance subscription bearing 
the signature of the head of one of 
the greatest industrial enterprises 
in this country, a distinguished 
native of New Hampshire, who thus 
manifests his belief that his old 
home state should have a magazine 
of its own and that the Granite 
Monthly is enough of a success in 
that direction to merit his support. 



RAGGED MOUNTAIN 

By M. White Saucer 

Where majesty of hill is wide, God wrought 
With skyward fling, as eagle's wingcloud sought. 

Deepening in blue with mist to distant glance. 
Her outline purely shows as shadows dance. 

'Ragged ; Whose woods wind sung and piney sweet 
Recall each year the friends who love to meet. 

Where mountain brook sings silver clear, God's rill 
Through cooling nook His anthem praises fill 

Water music, trills true, snow white in sun 

Green rimmed in fern, with straying wild root run. 

'Ragged; where unspoiled Nature gives to man 
A loftier view, to glimpse her spiritual plan. 



3Hi 



BOOKS OF NEW HAMPSHIRE INTEREST 



During the years of his active 
life. Captain Richard W. Musgrove 
of Bristol, soldier, editor, historian 
and legislator, who was born Nov., 
1, 1840, and died Feb. 19. 1914. was 
one of New Hampshire's useful, 
honored and influential citizens ; 
a man of main- friends and true 
civic spirit ; and last, but not least. 
the father of six talented children, 
one of whom, Miss Mary D. Mus- 
grove. has worthily continued, 
since her father's death, his valua- 
ble work as editor and publisher of 
the Bristol Enterprise, one. of New 
Hampshire's best weekly newspapers. 

An interesting feature of the 
Enterprise in recent years has been 
the serial publication of Captain 
Musgrove's Autobiography. Those 
who enjoyed reading it in the news- 
paper will be glad to know that 
Miss Musgrove now has issued it 
in handsome book form with an 
excellent frontispiece portrait of her 
father ; making a volume which 
should be in every library in the 
state and which will have a strong 
appeal to every one who appreci- 
ates the value of first-hand histori- 
cal testimony given by a keen ob- 
server, a just chronicler and 
a writer of simple, direct and most 
engaging style. 

So charming are Captain Mus- 
grove's recollections of his boyhood 



and school days that one notes with 
regret how small a part of the book 
as a whole they make : but the inter- 
est they inspire is held without 
diminution by the succeeding chap- 
ters in which the author paints vivid 
pictures of the splendid service 
which the 12th New Hampshire 
Regiment rendered at Chancellors- 
ville, Gettysburg and the other 
famous names that are inscribed on 
its battle flag. 

At the close of the civil war Cap- 
tain Musgrove accepted a commis- 
sion in the regular army and served 
for a time on the western frontier, 
so that the closing chapters of his 
atobiography contain stories which 
will delight all boys of what- 
ever age about lighting Indians, 
hunting buffalo, etc. « 

Those of us who know how sane 
?-nd helpful was his outlook upon 
life, how well he judged men and 
measures, would have rejoiced had 
he continued his self-record to cover 
the period of his public service in 
his home state. 

But we are glad of the book as 
it is and feel that public thanks 
are due to Miss Musgrove for thus 
honoring the memory of her father 
and at the same time making a 
valuable addition to the library of 
New Hampshire history and biog- 
raphy. 



sh<t 



NEW HAMPSHIRE NECROLOGY 



HARRIET L. HUNTRESS. 

Miss Harriet Lane Huntress, one or 
New Hampshire's best known women 
and most useful public servants, died at 
her home in Concord, July 31.. She was 
born Nov. 30, 1.8.60, in that part of Mere- 
dith which is now Center Harbor, the 
daughter of James L. and Harriet Page 
(Perkins) Huntress, her father being the 
proprietor of the Senter House, a fa- 
mous summer resort on Lake Winnipe- 
saukee. Miss Huntress was educated in 
Massachusetts schools, but from 1879 
resided in Concord, where in 1889 she 
began a connection with the state de- 
partment of public instruction which 
continued unbroken until her death. She 
gave most valuable assistance to six 
state superintendents and was herself 
from 1913 a deputy state superintendent. 



Ladies' Association, whose work she 
most ably represented in New Hamp- 
shire. 



MARY C. ROLOFSON. 

Mrs. Mary Currier Rolofson, remem- 
bered by many readers of the Granite 
Monthly as a former contributor to its 
pages, died in Powell. Wyoming, July 
11. She was born at Wentworth, May 
24, 1869. the daughter of Lorenzo 
and Josephine C. Currer, and attended 
St. Johnsbury Academy, Smith College 
and Wesleyan University. She was the 
author of three books of poems. In 
1907 she married Warren T. Rolofson, 
bv whom she is survived. 



I 



I 



: £ 



The late Mrss Harriet L. Huntress. 

In recognition of her services to the 
cause of education New Hampshire Col- 
lege in 1920 conferred upon her the 
honorary degree of Master of Arts. 
Miss Huntress was an active worker in 
the New Hampshire Equal Suffrage As- 
sociation, a faithful supporter of the 
Unitarian church and a member of the 
Concord Woman's Club, Country Club, 
Beaver Meadow Golf Club. Woman's 
City Club of Boston, New Hampshire 
Historical Society, Capital Grange, Rum- 
ford Chapter, Daughters of the Ameri- 
can Revolution, and the Mount Vernon 



REV. LUTHER F. McKINNEY 

Rev. Luther F. MeKinney, former 
congressman from New Hampshire, 
died in P.ridgton, Me., Jul}' 30. He 
was born in Newark, Ohio, April 25, 
1841. and served in the Civil War. At 
its close he studied for the ministry at 
St. Lawrence University and held 
Universalist pastorates in Maine and New 
Hampshire. While thus located at Man- 
chester he was four times the Demo- 
cratic candidate for Congress and twice 
successful, in 1886 and 1890. _ In 1892 
he was the Democratic candidate for 
governor of the state and in 1893 was ap- 
pointed by President Cleveland as 
United States minister to Columbia, 
serving four years in that capacity. 
Upon his return to this country he 
preached for a time in Brooklyn, N. Y., 
but for a number of years had been 
located in Bridgton, the scene of his 
first pastorate, where he engaged in trade 
with his son. He continued his poli- 
tical activity there, serving in the state 
legislature and as a congressional candi- 
date. He was prominent in Odd Fellow- 
ship and the G. A. R. and was for some 
years chaplain of the First Regiment, 
N. H. N. G. Mr MeKinney was an able 
and popular preacher and a strong and 
forceful political speaker. 



CHARLES R. MILLER 

Charles Ransom Miller, one of 
America's leading editors, was born in 
Hanover, Jan. 17, 1849, the son of Elijah 
T. and Chastina (Hoyt) Miller, and died 
in New York City, July 18. LTpon grad- 



346 THE GRANITE MONTHLY 

nation from Dartmouth College in 1872 fined on hrm in l c >0? by Dartmouth Col- 
he began newspaper work upon the lege and in 19T5 he received the degree 
Sprngfteld, (Mass.) Republican and oi doctor of literature from Columbia 
there continued for three years, then university. In February, 1919. the 
joining the staff of the New York Times. French government bestowed the dec- 
The remainder of his life was devoted oration of the Legion of Honor upon 
to the Times and from 1SS5 he had been him and the Belgian government deco- 
its editor-in-chief. He was also the sec- rated him with the Order of Leopold. 
ond largest stockholder in the corporation He was a member of the Century, M<jr- 
owning the paper and was its first vice- ropolitan and Piping Rock Clubs of New- 
president and a member of the board of York City. 

directors. He was likewise a director Mr. Miller was recognized as one of 

of the Tidewater Paper Company. the ablest and best informed editorial 

He married Miss Frances Daniels of writers in the world and especially dur- 

Plainneld, October 10, 1876, who died in ing the late War his leaders in the 

1906. A son and daughter. Hoyt Miller Times attracted wide and respectful at- 

and Miss Madge Miller, survive him. tention. 
The degree of doctor of laws was con- 



DREAMS 

By Lilian Sue Keech 



When nights has fallen, and the hour is late. 
The dreams come stealing through the garden gate. 
Past crimson roses, heavy with the dew, 
White lillies, passion flowers of purple hue. 

Upon his grassy couch, the old dog stirs, 

As close beside him, a dream partridge whirs. 

The shadowy forms flit through the fast closed doors, 

And noiseless run upon the polished floors. 

Along the wall, the horseman spurs his steed, 
And ancient warriors drink their mug of mead. 
The fairy dreams dance in the children's room, 
And dreadful nightmares, in the background loom. 

But in the chamber, where the dead doth lie, 
Dreams may not enter, not with smile nor sigh. 
Upon the quiet form, the pale moon gleams, 
The walls are empty, there are no more dreams. 



'3*7 



ON THE ROAD FROM GORMIGY 

(The ancient highway betwen Rome and Belgium). 

By Mary E. Hough 

On the road from Cormicy 
Leading down to Rheims, 
Rows of poplars edge the way 
Yellow-green as in the spring 
When young leaves were blossoming. 
Sepal flowers of May! 
Yet mid-summer's burning sun 
Sheds its hottest rays upon 
The road that leads to Rheims. 

Other trees stand gaunt and bare, 

Lifting naked arms in air, 

Or there are no trees, — 

Only stumps and riven trunks 

In a jangle of barb-wire, 

Scrolled against the horizon's tdg^ 

Like a blackened frieze. 

These have stood the test of war. 
They have kept the Roman way — 
The ancient road through France. 
What care they for hot grenade 
Crackling in the withered grass, 
Kindled by the sun's fierce rays 
Into smoking gas? 
They are vestals of the shade. 

* * * * 

And the rows of poplar trees 
Leading down from Cormicy, 
Yellow-green as in the spring 
When young leaves were blossoming, 
Are a happy prophecy 
Of undying Rheims ! 

Cormicy, France, July 11, 1921. 



3 HS 



HIS LITTLE FLOCK ARE WE. 

By Elias H: CJicticy 

Immamiel, our Solid Rock 

Hath christened us his Little Flock. - 
He knows his flock: each sheep by name: 
Its tiniest lamb knows Him, the same. 
Fear not, he saith, my lambkins : I 
Am your Good Shepherd, always nigh. 
Your Father's pleasure good it is, 
To give to you the Kingdom his, 
Wherein the strife and tumult cease. 
And all is harmony and peace. 
Kingdom of God, enthroned on High; 
Ours, now : ours when we cleave the sky. 
Fie bids us first his Kingdom choose : 
All things he'll add ! O wondrous News ! 
All things ! supply our every need ; 
By waters still lead us to feed. 
Our Father's Kingdom— for our sakes — 
Equally ours and his he makes ; 
E'en as the bridegroom to his bride 
Gives all : and they walk side by side. 
All this our leather's pleasure good ! 
Earth never saw such Fatherhood. 
Well pleased my Father thus to give; 
Well pleased I for his Kingdom live. 






. ■• ! iS.\"f A 



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36» 



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■ 



ISSUE 



f0TTINGX£ ' . - PENNIA] S 



GRANITE MONTHLY COMPANY 
• CONCORD, N. H. 



This Number, 20 Ceiti 



$2.00 a ■ 



Ent< 



tea at xnc post-oi 



'oncerd, N. H., as. second- 



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Chester 1 s World War Memorial 
Unveiled August 28, 1922. 



THE GRANITE MONTHLY 



r 



Vol. LI\ 



OCTOBER, 1)22 



No. 10. 



CHESTER'S BICENTENNIAL 



From the twenty-seventh to the 

twenty-ninth of August the Town of 
Chester celebrated its two hundredth 
anniversary. Tireless in their pre- 
parations and apt in running the in- 
tricate program smoothly, the com- 
mittees unfortunately had to con- 
tend with rain on Sunday and Mon- 
day the first two days, hut in spite 
of all it was a celebration worth}- in 
every way the town and the occasion 
and on the final day the sunshine 
atoned for the previous dampness. 

Chester is a town of rare beauty 
and no little historic interest. The 
beauty, perhaps not enhanced for the 
celebration, was at least brightened 
by the elaborate decorations from 
end to end of the Street. Historic 
houses were simply and appropriate- 
ly marked, so that he who ran an 
automobile might in passing recog- 
nize the house of Lord Timothy 
Dexter and know that the Inn was 
built in 1761. Scores of places were 
thus marked and fuller /information 
regarding them included in the of- 
ficial program. This valuable work 
was done by the Committee on Pub- 
licity, whose chairman was Miss Isa- 
bclle H. Fitz. 

In the Stevens Memorial Hall was 
an excellent exhibition of interior 
antiques, supplemented exteriorly by 
the rows of fine, colonial houses which 
line the long, tree-bordered Street. 
As one admired the fine taste which 
guided the hands of the designer and 
artisan of ancient days, one did 
homage as well to the sense of beauty 
and fitness which led the settlers of 
the eighteenth century to choose for 
their village that slow-sloping hill, 
with its charming vistas of wood and 
mountain. 

The celebration began with the 



church services on Sunday morning, 
which filled both churches to capacity. 
The Congregational Church is near- 
ly as old as the town, having been or- 
ganized in 1730 or earlier, although 
the building in which it. worships 
dates only from 1773. It is true 
that the edifice was remodeled quite 
beyond recognition in 1839, yet it is 
undoubtedly one of the oldest houses 
of worship in present use in the 
state. Here the Reverend Silas N. 
Adams, pastor of the church, extend- 
ed the welcome, and the anniversary 
sermon was preached by the Rever- 
end Samuel H. Dana, D.D., of Exe- 
ter. Appropriate music was furnish- 
ed by a quartet and Mrs. Ella A. 
Allen, organist. Not least in inter- 
est was an historical address by the 
Reverend James G. Robertson, now 
of South Strafford, Vermont, but 
for twenty-six years pastor of this 
church. The music was under the di- 
rection of YYaletr I. Martin, hymns 
of the eighteenth century being used. 

The First Baptist Church is more 
youth fid, only a little over a century 
old, yet deemed ancient enough to 
bear a worthy share in the observ- 
ances. At this church the pastor, the 
Reverend Mary E. Morse, gave the 
welcome. Two former pastors con- 
tributed to the program, the Rever- 
end Bernard Christopher of Hamp- 
ton making remarks and the Rever- 
end Thomas J. Cate of Meredith 
preaching ,the sermon. There were 
also remarks by the Reverend Ches- 
ter j. Wilcomb of Riverside, Cali- 
fornia, who united with this church 
over thirty years ago. All three of 
these ministers were ordained in this 
church. The music was by the choir 
and Mrs. Myron F. Robie, organist. 

A union mass meeting was held 



352 



THE GRANITE MONTHLY 



Sunday afternoon in the anniversary 

tent which was erected on the Wil- 
comb field. There was an attend- 
ance ot about a thousand. The Rev- 
erend Silas N. Adams presided, and 
there was music by a chorus of one 
hundred under the direction of Mr. 
Walter I. Martin. The speakers in- 
cluded ihe Reverend Charles I). Ten- 
ney of Palo Alto. California; the 
Reverend Henry M. Warren of New 
York City; the" Reverend J. Wallace 
Chesbro of Fall River, Massachu- 
setts; the Reverend Morris W. Morse 



rather on the spur of the moment, 
with the Highland Band of Manches- 
er and the Raymond Band. 

A simple but handsome memorial 
to those who served in the Spanish 
and World Wars was dedicated on 
Monday. Those taking part in these 
exercises were : George E. Gilling- 
ham, Chairman of trie Executive 
Committee of the celebration; the 
Honorable John C. Chase, president 
of the day; the Reverend Silas N. 
Adams, invocation ; Colonel George 
A. Hosley. presiding officer ; Albert 




Congregational Church, 1773. 



of Moscow, Idaho; the Reverend 
Messrs. Wilcomb, Robertson, Chris- 
topher and Cate, and Reverend Mary 
E. Morse. 

Monday, August 28, was designed 
to be the great day of the celebra- 
tion, but the inclement weather forc- 
ed the postponement until Tuesday 
of the general parade and the pa- 
geant. Nevertheless Monday was 
crowded. Two of the four bands 
engaged for the day arrived in spite 
of attempts to cancel them, so a short 
parade was picked up and run off 



F. B. Edwards, Chairman of the 
Memorial Committee, who made the 
presentation to the American Legion 
for dedication ; retiring Department 
Commander. Robert O. Blood, of 
Concord, who accepted the memorial ; 
Major Frank Knox of Manchester, 
who gave the dedicatory address ; 
Governor Albert O. Brown, who ex- 
tended the congratulations of the 
state. A message from Governor 
Cox of Massachusetts was read. The 
exercises were concluded by three 
volleys fired by American Legion 



C H E S T E R * S B I C E X T E N N J A L 



353 



members and sounding of taps. Of 
twenty-two soldiers sent by Chester 
to the World War. four died in 
service. The town furnished also 
one Red Cross nurse. 






by the combined bands. Mr. Hazel- 
ton was horn in Chester ninety years 
ago and was a representative from 
Wisconsin in the National Legisla- 
ture for several sessions. For many 



j « 



L 



- After dinner, provided in both the 
Stevens Memorial Hall and the tent, 
the latter place was the setting for 
the anniversary address by the Hon- 
orable George C. Hazelton of Wash- 
ington, District of Columbia. Mr. 
Chase presided. There was music 



years he practised law in Washing- 
ton. He survived the celebration less 
than a week, passing away suddenly 
at his Chester summer residence on 
September 4. His last address, de- 
livered entirely without notes, was 
considered by all his masterpiece. 



354 # ' THE GRANITE MONTHLY 

Tuesday was as ideal in weather marched under a sunn}- sky. The 

as Monday was forbidding:, and the numerous floats in beauty or ingenui- 

village was crowded by thousands ty, or both, all denoted a thought and 

who came from far and near. The care which showed how much the 

general parade, somewhat crippled by citizens of Chester and her daughter 

the postponement from the. day be- towns cherish the memory of the two 



1 *; . U 

- i U 



PQ 



■ 



fore, was a splendid afTair under the centuries of their civic life. 

direction of Chief Marshal Herbert In the line of march were found 

H. True. From Wilcomb Common town officials and representatives of 

to the old brick schoolhouse and the Ancient and Honorable Artillery 

back, the gay-colored precession Company, the Fusilier Veterans, the 



CHESTER'S BICENTENNIAL 



355 



Amoskeag Veterans, the Grand Army 

of the Republic, the Women's Relief 
Corps, the American Legion. Col. 
George A. Hosley of Chester, chief 
of the National Grand Army, was in 
line. To make clearer and more local 
illustration of the military history of 
the two hundred years, there was an 
inspiring group representing the 
Revolutionary War. the War of 1812, 
the Mexican War, the Civil War, the 
Spanish War, the World War. Each. 
man wore the uniform appropriate to 
the conflict he represented, and car- 
ried a banner on which was inscribed 
the number of men furnished by 



industry were shown by floats carry- 
ing ancient agricultural implements 
and by representations of the hand 
processes of cooperage and black- 
smithing. Still other floats repre- 
sented a pioneer cabin in course of 
construction and the meeting house 
of 1773 in rather large miniature. A 
unique feature was a collection of 
equipages comprising the history of 
travel from horseback to motor, not 
forgetting the ox-cart and the stage 
coach, and including examples of 
wheeled and runnered vehicles for a 
period of over a century, all marked 
with identifying dates. Nor must 



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Chester 
Chester to that war. The range — 
from 254 in the Revolution to 22 in 
the late war — illustrated two points 
in the history of Chester — her ready 
response to every patriotic call, and 
the steady decline in population 
wrought not only by the omission of 
the railroads to touch such towns, 
but by the annexation of large parts 
of Chester's area to other towns. 

History was further illustrated by 
the contrast between a tiny "hand 
tub" of 1842 and modern motor fire 
apparatus. The older methods of 



Inn— 1761 

illustrations of early customs, pioneer 
and native, be overlooked. 

The school children, the Grange, 
various orders and individuals fur- 
nished a colorful and interesting 
series of floats. There were flowers, 
there were "Callathumpains" ; there 
were Indians and Uncle Sams ; there 
were hunters and hucksters. Not 
least in interest was a group of the 
oldest inhabitants : Elijah Sanborn, 
103; George C. Hazelton, 90; Susan 
J. Webster, 88; Carlos W. Noyes (a 
Civil War veteran), 86; "Aunt" 



356 



THE GRANITE MONTHLY 



Hannah (Wilcomb) Williams, aged 
84; lame? Heath. 92; Mark Sanborn. 
83. and Cyrus Hill, 87. All told 
thtvc were over 500 people and. 100 
horses in the line. Nevers' Band of 
Concord and Rainey's Cadet Band of 
Manchester furnished the music for 
the parade and throughout the day. 

Other events of Tuesday were a 
program of sports for the younger, 
and a very pleasant reunion of Ches- 
ter Academy students for the older 
and more reminiscent. Dinner was 
again served at the Stevens Memorial, 
hut the chief table event was the 
banquet at the anniversary tent in the 
early afternoon. Here, the Hon. 
John C. Chase presiding, there was 
sneaking by Congressman Sherman 
E. Burroughs and others. "Aunt" 
Hannah Williams recited, and Miss 
Isabelle H. Fitz read an original 
poem. Those who made remarks in- 
cluded Rev. B. W. Lockhart, D.D.. 
Louis Bell, Ph.D., Tudge Charles U. 
Bell. Hon. M. A. Moore. Harris M. 
West. Mrs. Annabel! F. Hogan, Mrs. 
Horace A. Hill, Rev. Chester J. Wil- 
comb, Thomas Rice Varick of Man- 
chester, Eueene W. Watkins. Rev. 
Hairv M. Warren. Dr. R. H. Bar- 
ker, who sooke for Candia. Letter 
was read from J. Plenry Townsend. 
Esq.. of New York, in which he ten- 
dered to the Town as a gift his Ches- 
ter Estate to be used as a home or for 
any public purpose. The gift will 
doubtless be appreciatively accepted 
at the next town meeting. 

In the evening there was a display 
of fireworks, followed bv the histori- 
cal paeeant written bv Mrs. Mary 
Stuart Ma^Murphy of Derrv. Mrs. 
Helen L. Kloeber of Newburyport, 
Massachusetts, was general director 
and Mrs. Walter P. Tenney local di- 
rector. Xevers' Orchestra of Con- 
cord suonlied the musical accompani- 
ment. The program included a pre- 
lude, five episodes, three interludes 
and a postlude, and covered the his- 
tory of Chester from the purchase of 
land from the Indians to the separa- 
tion of Candia. Raymond and Au- 



burn. The pageant was splendidly 
given, and was attended by two thous- 
and people, 

The committee responsible for the 
planning and execution of the cele- 
bration included : George E. Gilling- 
ham. Chairman, Edwin P. Jones, 
Vice-Chairman, John M. Webster. 
Treasurer, John C. Ramsdell. Those 
on the executive committee were Rev. 
Silas N. Adams, Augustus P. Morse, 
John M. Webster. Mary B. Noyes, 
George A. Hosley, Jennie P. Hazel- 
ton, Cyrus F. Marston, Eleanor J. 
Locke, * Isabelle H. Fitz, Martha t. 
Learnard, Nathan W. Goldsmith, 
Arthur H. Wilcomb, Clarence O. 
Morse, George D. Rand. George S. 
West, John C. Ramsdell, William 
B. Underhill, Martin Mills, George 
E. Gillingham, Walter P. Tenney, 
John H. Robie, William T. Owen, 
Edward T. Morse, George L. Fitts, 
Edwin P. Jones, John D. Fisk, Ed- 
ward C. Chase, William B. Wason, 
Roger P. Edwards. Walter W. Lane, 
Herber W. Ray, William C. Hall. 
Those on the committee representing 
Manchester were Dana A. Emery, 
Thomas R. Varick, William B. 
Farmer and George M. Clark; rep- 
resenting Candia, John H. Foster, 
Carrie A. Richardson, Hattie A. 
Hubbard and Henry A. Hubbard; 
representing Auburn. George E. 
Spofrord, Edgar L. Preston and 
Freeman R. Davis ; representing 
Raymond. Walter J. Dudley, T. Mor- 
rill Gould, Edward F. Cram and 
Joseph F. Savage. 

The financing of the celebration, 
no small burden, was cared for with 
great foresight. For five years be- 
ginning with 1917 the town appro- 
priated $125 annually, with a final 
appropriation of $1,000 this year. 
The daughter towns of Raymond. 
Candia, and Auburn added generous 
contributions, as did many present 
and former residents. In this, as in 
other ways, the Chester folk have 
illustrated the value of long and 
thorough preparation for an event of 
outstanding importance. 



SS7 



HISTORICAL NOTES ON CHESTER 



The Town of Chester was formal- 
ly inaugurated by royal charter dated 
May 8, 1722. This, however, was 
hut by way of confirmation and en- 
largement of rights granted by 1 lie 
Governor and Council as the result 
of transactions lasting some three 
years. In 1719 about one hundred 
Hampton and Portsmouth folk peti- 
tioned for a grant of eight miles 
square in the waste land which was 
then known, apparently interchange- 
ably, as "the Chesnut Country" and 
Cheshire. The same year, pending 
action on the petition, a proprietors' 
society was organized to settle 1 the 
proposed grant, and home lots were 
drawn. 

Meanwhile a motion was made on 
the part of Haverhill folk to settle 
the same territory. Quite likely they 
began on the theory that the land was 
in the jurisdiction of Massachusetts, 
but in any event they joined P^xeter 
parties in petitioning the New Hamp- 
shire authorities to he admitted with 
the first petitioners. At the same 
time (May, 1720) the first petition 
was withdrawn and a new one sub- 
stituted for a township ten miles 
square. Neither was immediately 
acted upon. There are suggestions 
of litigation, but in June a com- 
promise was apparently effected by 
the first petitioners voluntarily admit- 
ting as proprietors Samuel Ingalls 
and other Haverhill men. This was 
shortly followed by the granting of 
the substituted petition of the Hamp- 
ton society. Already, however, the 
lay-out had been made, and now some 
fencing was done. It seems to have 
been part of the arrangement that 
the proprietors as a whole should 
make a road passable for carts from 
Kingston, while the Haverhill people, 
at their separate charge, should make 
a similar road from their town. 

Who was the first actual settler is 
not known, but probably it was 
Captain Samuel Ingalls, There is 



evidence that he was a resident he- 
fore the date of the charter, and it is 
supposed he built in 1/22. on the 
crest of Walnut Hill, the first house, 
in Chester. Here was born, in 1723, 
his daughter, Mehitable, the first 
white native of Chester. Captain 
Ingalls built the first framed house 
about 1732. The year 1723 seems 
to have brought a few settlers, but 
probably no considerable number 
were there until 1727. The original 
settlers located principally in the 
southeasterly corner of the town, 
though from the first the- center 
seems to have been designed for its 
present location. 

Chester, as finally granted, cover- 
ed about one hundred and twenty 
square miles, including, besides the 
present town, Auburn, Candia, Ray- 
mond and large portions of Manches- 
ter and Hooksett. The early settlers 
suffered their share of the anxieties 
which were common to all pioneers. 
In 1724 Lieutenant Thomas Smith 
and John Karr, while constructing a 
brush fence to protect their cattle 
from trie Indians, were set upon by 
Joe English and a band of natives, 
and captured. Their captors took 
them northward, securing them at 
night by staking them to the roots 
of trees and binding them with deer 
sinews. "' During the second night, 
while the Indians slept, they slipped 
their bonds, and on the evening of 
the third day found their way back 
home. Others were not so lucky. 
At least one, John Robie, was slain, 
and his son, Ichabod, was captured 
but later escaped. It was such ex- 
periences as these, doubtless, that led 
the town in 1725 to vote to employ 
two soldiers to stand guard for four 
months. The Wilson Garrison house 
now occupied by Chester P. Hunt, 
was built in 1730, and other garri- 
sons were constructed from time to 
time as occasion required. 

Road building was an early neces- 



358 



THE GRANITE MONTHLY 



sky in frontier towns, and at the first 
March meeting, in 1725. the London- 
derry Road was laid out. The first 
recorded road actually built, how- 
ever, is the on e to . Haverhill, con- 
structed about 1730. although before 



January. 1720-21, the proprietors 
voted that at the expense of the 
whole proprietary they would main- 
tain a minister when thirty house- 
holders were settled, and would build 
a meeting-house when fifty families 






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that time doubtless rough ways had 
been built. Mills also were a prime 
necessity, and one was built at Free- 
town in Raymond, in 1726. 

The temper of the fathers was of 
too serious a turn to be long without 



settled religious instruction. 



In 



were settled. It was voted to hire 
a minister in 1728, and to erect a 
meeting-house at the Center. The 
Reverend John Tuck of Hampton 
was called in 1729, but declined, al- 
though it appears that he preached in 
Chester for fourteen Sabbaths that 



HISTORICAL NOTES ON CHESTER 



359 



year. The town then called the 
R ever end Moses Hale, and worship 
was held from late 1731 under his 
ministry in the first meeting-house, 
within a few rods of the present Con- 
gregational Church. Mr. Hale, hav- 
ing been brought under distraction of 
mind, did little service. He was 
succeeded in 1736 by the Reverend 
Ebenezer Flagg. who was pastor for 
sixty years until his death at the age 
of ninety-two. During his ministry, 
in 1773, the present house was con- 
structed, and some sixty-five years 
later remodeled. 

The Presbyterians at first joined 
in the common worship, but when 
the church became disorganized by 
the incapacity of Mr. Hale, they 
hired the Reverend John Wilson to 
preach for them, and stubbornly ob- 
jected to being taxed to support 
Mr. Flagg. They appealed to the 
Governor and Council successfully, 
and built on Cunningham Lane about 
1740, in which year the two parishes 
were separated by legislative act. In 
1794 they dedicated a house at the 
Long Meadows. Theological and 
slavery disputes having divided the 
Presbyterians, the remnant withdrew, 
and in 1843 formed the Second Con- 
gregational Church, which finally be- 
came the First Church of Auburn. 
The history of other churches in the 
daughter towns is omitted here. 

The Baptist Society was organized 
in 1819, and built a house of worship 
in 1823. This society also became 
disorganized about 1845, but was re- 
organized and a new building erected 
in 1861. 

In letters the town has not been 
backward. Before the charter was 
granted the proprietors voted to ap- 
propriate the first forfeited lot for a 
school. The first record of a money 
appropriation for a school master 
was in 1737, though doubtless there 
was instruction before that date. At 
first the master travelled from one 
part of the town to another, teaching 
in the homes, but in 1744 and 1745 



"school housen" were built, probably 
three in number. In one respect the 
town was lax ; after there were one 
hundred families settled the}' declined 
to support a grammar school accord- 
ing to law, whereupon the selectmen 
were indicted and two convicted. 

The Social Library was opened in 
1793, and in 1801 an academy was 
built by public subscription. The 
historic Chester Academy dated from 
1854 and had many noted teachers, 
most distinguished of whom was 
Professor John K. Lord. The town 
now supports a high school in the 
brick schoolhouse. 

Chester did not for many years 
maintain her vast area. Derryfield 
w T as incorporated in 1751, its terri- 
tory being taken largely from Ches- 
ter and Londonderry. Candia was 
set oft in 1763 and Raymond two 
years later. Yet Chester retained, at 
the beginning of the Revolution, a 
population of practically 1,600, which 
increased to over 2,200 in 1820. 
Then in 1822, a part of century-old 
Chester was incorporated in Hook- 
sett, and in 1845 came the final 
diminution by the set-off of Auburn. 
Even so, Chester had 1,351 inhabi- 
tants in 1850, since which time it has 
lost a little more than half in popula- 
tion from the economic trend of the 
times. But Chester has not lost, and 
will not soon lose, the vitality of the 
good blood which has persisted for 
the two centuries of her life. 

Some of Chester's families are 
notable beyond the common. Daniel 
French came to Chester from Deer- 
field in 1799 and practised law as the 
successor of the Honorable Arthur 
Livermore. who had just been elevat- 
ed to the bench. Mr. French was a 
distinguished lawyer who served as 
Solicitor of Rockingham County and 
Attorney General of New Hamp- 
shire. In his fine residence, built on 
the Street in 1800 and burned in 1902. 
were born eleven children, among 
whom were Benjamin Brown French, 
a lawver and clerk of the National 



360 



THE GRANITE MONTHLY 



House of Representatives. grand- 
father of Amos Tuck French; Henry 
Flagg French, also a lawyer, first 
president of the Massachusetts Agri- 
cultural College, and father of 
Daniel Chester French, of YV. M. 
Henry French Hollis and Allen 
Mollis. Another of the eleven chil- 
dren was Airs. Helen French Coch- 
rane, well known as a writer. Both 
Benjamin B. and Henry F. French 
married daughters of William M. 
Richardson, Chief Justice of the Su- 
perior Court from 1816 to 1838. and 



pave Chester Street if the town 
would call it Dexter Street. Wheth- 
er the change of name appealed to 
the citizens as undemocratic or the 
paving' as unnecessary, does not ap- 
pear. In any event they rejected the 
proposition with substantial unanimi- 
ty. Dexter lived in Chester but a 
short time, then returned to New- 
buryport, which was the scene of his 
most memorable eccentricities. 

Leaving eccentrics, and coming 
back to a family which left a lasting 
impression, one must not overlook 



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Daniel French House 



owner from 1819 of the house for- 
merly the property of Benjamin 
Brown, father of President Francis 
Brown of Dartmouth College and of 
Benjamin B. French's mother. This 
house is now owned by Amos Tuck 
French. 

Adjoining the Richardson house is 
another historic place, which Mr. 
French also owns. It was built in 
1787, a year before the Richardson 
house, and was' bought in 1796 by 
Lord Timothy Dexter. This curi- 
ous man two vears later offered to 



the Bells one of New Hampshire's 
best strains. Their immigrant ances- 
tor came from Ireland to London- 
derry in 1719. Three of his grand- 
sons, Jonathan, John and Samuel, 
lived in Chester. Jonathan was a 
trader. John also was a trader and 
acquired a considerable fortune. He 
was a member of the Executive 
Council from 1817 to 1823, then 
Sheriff of Rockingham County, and 
in 1828 was elected Governor. His 
oldest daughter married the Rever- 
end Doctor Nathaniel Bouton of 



HISTORICAL NOTES ON CHESTER 



361 



Concord, the second married the 
Honorable John Nesmith of Lowell, 
Massachusetts. Other children, with 
the exception of Charles H. Bell, 
died at an early age, though several 
of them survived long enough to 
show promise oi worthy careers. 
Charles H. Bell was a successful law- 
yer who practised in Chester. Som- 
ersworth and Exeter, served a few 
months as United States Senator 



1823 to 1835. His son, Samuel Da- 
na Bell, also practised law in Chester, 
was Representative. County Solicitor. 
Justice of the Court of Common 
Pleas, Justice and Chief Justice of 
the Superior Court, and commissioner 
to revise the statutes in 1830, 1842 
and 1867. Two of his sons, John 
James and Samuel N., were well 
known lawyers, and the latter was a 
member of Congress from 1871 to 



P 



sgsw 



Lord Timothy Dexter House 



and was Governor of New Hamp- 
shire from 1881 to 1883. 

Samuel Bell was a Dartmouth 
graduate and a lawyer, and came to 
Chester in 1812. His political ca- 
reer had already taken him into both 
branches of the legislature, and he 
had been presiding officer of both. 
He was a Justice of the Superior 
Court from 1816 to 1819, Governor 
of New Hampshire from 1819 to 
1823, United States Senator from 



1873 and from 1875 to 1877. 

Another son of Governor Samuel 
Bell was John, a professor of an- 
atomy at the University of Vermont. 
Still another, James, was a lawyer and 
United States .Senator. A fourth, 
Luther V., was superintendent of the 
McLean Asylum and a surgeon in 
the Civil War, during which he died. 
A fifth., George, was a lawyer and 
served in the Civil War. John Bell 
and Charles Bell were the sixth and 



3b2 THE GRANITE MONTHLY 

seventh sons. Both were practising than 20 years a Justice of the Massa- 
physicians. and the former served as chusetts Superior Court, is another 
a surgeon in the Civil War. The prominent living representative of 
youngest son. Louis, was a lawyer, this great family. 
and was Colonel of the Fourth New Chester, however, does not live sole- 
Hampshire Volunteers. He was ly in her past. She is still blessed 
killed at Fort Fisher in 1865. His wiih a citizenry of the substantial old 
son. Dr. Louis Bell, is a well known stock, awake to the modern life of 
electrical engineer. Charles Up- the world. 
ham Bell, son of James, for more 



MY CHESTER! 

(For the Two Hundredth Anniversary) 
By Isabella H. Fits. 

My' Chester, oh my Chester ! 

The town that gave me birth;; 
What memories cluster round thy name ! 

The deraest spot on earth. 
No maples wear such Autumn tints 

As those that line our Street; 
No sunset glows with deeper rose, 

No birds sing halt so sweet. 

My Chester, oh my Chester! 

In seventeeen twenty-two. 
Men came from far to call thee "home," 

Brave, loyal, staunch and true; 
They plied the axe. they drove the plow, 

But scorning England's thrall, 
They signed "The Test," to give their best, 

Their lives, their gold, their all. 

Peace brought us honors : 

Where legislators wait, 
Came none more skilled or learned or wise 

Throughout our Granite State; 
For Richardson, and French, and Bell 

Were names that won renown. 
And Washington claimed many a son 

From that dear, honored town. 

Once more the war cloud threatened, — 

With Sumter's booming gun, 
They sprang to arms, to say with might, 

"This nation shall be one !" 
At Gettysburg, at Petersburg, 

Our gallant boys were found, — 
And women wept, for husbands slept 

On many a battle ground. 



HISTORICAL NOTES ON CHESTER 



363 



Then came the Titan conflict 

Whose war shock rent the world; 
All life was in the maelstrom. 

Where blood-stained waters swirled 
They went,- -our lads of promise, 

Quite unafraid were they 
To dare the curse, ay, even worse, 

Of Teutons' tyrant sway. 

I see thee stiil, my Chester! 

Though through a mist of tears; 
Thy people hrave, unfaltering, 

Throughout those bygone years ; 
Thy daughters sweet, and fair, and true, 

And strong in freedom's light, 
Thy sons, no less, for righteousness, 

For justice, truth and right. 

God keep thee pure, my Chester ! 

From soil or stain of sin; 
That selfishness and greed and hate 

May never enter in ; 
But with a name untarnished, 

As in the days of yore, 
Till as a scroll the heavens roll, 

And time endures no more. 







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Milestone, 1775 



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WHO PLANTED NEW HAMPSHIRE? 

B\> Charles Thornton Libby 



(We arc indebted to Mr. Libby, law- 
yer and antiquarian, of Portland. Maine, 
ior permission to publish his address, as 
President of the Society of Piscataqua 
Pioneers, at the observance on August 
10, 1°22. at Portsmouth, of the three 
hundredth anniversary of the patent to 
Gorges and .Mason. Mr. Libby writes 
that tins paper includes the results of 
his investigations oi the Hilton family 
in England, and also sums up the con- 
clusions of all former investigators, 
making tin's paper, in his belief, "the 
most up-to-date summary- of this much 
abused subject/' We welcome so valu- 
able an addition to the discussion of 
New Hampshire's beginnings which the 
been featuring," 



magazine 



ts recent! v 



and invite further contributions on the 
subject. The obscurity of the early davs 
from 1623 to 1630 calls for untiring and 
critical investigation. — Editor.) 

In behalf of the members of the 
Society of Piscataqua Pioneers, it 
gives me pleasure to return thanks for 
the welcome so kindly accorded us by 
the mayor of Strawberry Bank. If 
Sir Ferdinando, at some moment of 
his long life of struggle and disap- 
pointment, could have looked forward 
and seen the Honorable Ferdinando 
doing his part in a three-hundredth 
anniversary as mayor of this fine 
city, his "face must have brightened 
with the happy thought that his labors 
had not been in vain. 

Portsmouth has always been an 
interesting place to visit, ever since 
the new comers at Little Harbor first 
found the strawberries up the river ; 
and for us, whose forefathers, living 
on one or another of the branches of 
this river, had to come to "the 
Bank" in order to know they were 
living, once in so often, It is doubly 
pleasant. 

It has been said that the patent of 
the Province of Maine, Aug. 10, 
1622. granting ail between the Merri- 
mac and the Kennebec, was of minor 
consequence because nothing was done 
under it. Rather may we regard it 
as the foundation, both in legal oper- 
ation and in actual carryings on, of all 
that came after. 



By the terms of this grant, which 
we celebrate today, Sir Ferdinando 
and Captain Mason bound themselves 
under £100 penalty to settle one 
colony with a competent guard and at 
least, ten families within three years. 
We must believe they did it. They two 
were the efficient colonizers of New 
England. They squandered both 
their own wealth and the wealth 
of others, but they achieved. Having 
agreed to settle ten families, they did 
it. Here was the founding of this 
State, and of Maine this side of the 
Kennebec. 

It is true that the Plymouth Com- 
pany .in 1622 deeded this land where 
we now are to Gorges and Mason, 
and in 1623 deeded it to Mr. David 
Thomson, and in 1629 deeded it to 
Captain Mason, and in 1631 deeded it 
to the Laconia Company, and in 1635 
gave a 999 years' lease of it to Sir 
John Wollaston, all covering the same 
land. But in dealing with these old 
patents we must bear three things 
constantly in mind, or we shall trip 
ourselves up. For one thing, the cor- 
poration called "the Council estab- 
lished at Plymouth in the County of 
Devon for the planting and ordering 
of New England," was only another 
name for Sir Ferdinando Gorges and 
Capt. John Mason. Second, when 
Sir Ferdinando and Capt. Mason 
gave deeds of parts of their land, 
they did it in the name of the cor- 
poration. Third, the deeds they gave 
were really only options, conditioned 
on making actual settlements. When 
the conditions were not performed, 
the lands reverted to Gorges & 
Mason. 

Wollaston's deed back to Capt. 
Mason openly explains the lease, 
"which said indenture was made unto 
the said John Wollaston by and with 
the consent of the said Captain John 
Mason." Instead of Capt. Mason 
giving the lease himself, he gave it in 
the name of the Council. The grant 



WHO PLANTED NEW HAMPSHIRE? 



365 



to Mason in 1629 is explained by 
the lawyers of Mr. Mason's grand- 
son, "being a division of the lands 
formerly granted unto Sir Ferdinando 
Gorges and John .Mason." Instead 
of Sir Ferdinando and Capt. Mason 
giving deeds to each other to divide 
their lands, they issued new grants 
to themselves in the name of the 
Council. 

Mr. David Thomson, the first 
planter of Xew Hampshire, was not 
what the historian, Hubbard, said he 
was "the agent of Georges and 
Mason." Nor did he receive a 
conflicting grant of lands already 
granted to them. His deed, al- 
though in the name of the Council, 
was really from them. Some his- 
torians have failed to understand 
how he received a grant of 6,000 
acres already granted to them, or why 
he did not hold it afterwards. 
These two questions answer each 
other if permitted to do so. Sir 
Ferdinando Gorges and Capt. 
John Mason in effect deeded to Air. 
David Thomson six thousand acres 
of the best of their lands on condi- 
tions which he failed to fulfill ; and 
so the lands reverted to them. 

As the patent to Mr. Thomson 
is lo.st, we cannot know exactly 
what the conditions they put into 
it were, but we may be sure that 
the) covered the undertaking for 
which they themselves were under 
bond, to settle in this wilderness a 
sufficient guard and ten families. 
\\ e have from Air. Samuel Ma- 
verick, who came to Massachusetts 
in 1624, some years before the Bos- 
ton colony started the Year One 
of New England, as they reckoned 
it, and who soon married Mr. 
Thomson's young widow, a graph- 
ic account of what was done: 

Strawberry Bank, the Great House 
and Isle of Shoals. 

Within 2 myles of the mouth 
is Strawberry Bank where are 
many families, and a minister 



and a meeting house, and to 
the meeting houses of Dover 
and Exeter most of the peo- 
ple resort. This Strawberry 
Bank is part of 6,000 acres 
granted by patent about the 
year 1620 or 1621 to Mr. 
David Thompson, who with 
the assistance of Air. Nicholas 
Sherwill, Mr. Leonard Pomery 
and Air. Abraham Colmer of 
Plymouth, merchants, went 
over with a considerable com- 
pany of servants, and built a 
strong and large house, enclosed 
it with a large and high Pali- 
zado and mounted gunns, and 
being stored extraordinarily 
with shot and ammunition, was 
a terror to the Indians, who 
at that time were insulting 
over the poor, weak and un- 
furnished planters of Plymouth. 
This house and fort he built on 
a point of land at the very en- 
trance of Piscataqua River and 
having granted by patent all 
the islands bordering on this 
land to the middle of the river, 
he took possession of an island 
commonly called the Great 
Island, and for the bounds of 
this land he went up the river 
to a point called Bloody r Point, 
and by the seaside about four 
miles. He also had pow r er of 
government within his own 
bounds. Notwithstanding all 
tli is, all is at this day in the 
power and at the disposal of 
the Alassachusetts. 
So here we see what method Sir 
Ferdinando and Capt. Mason took 
to fulfill their bond to the Council. 
Mr. Thomson, a cultured and 
traveled gentleman, l whom Sir 
Ferdinando had employed in (dif- 
ficult negotiations with high of- 
ficials, was to do it for them, and 
for this service to have 6,000 acres 
on one side of the river. To get 
the necessary capital, he contracted 
with three Plymouth merchants to 






. 



• 



366 



THE GRANITE MONTHLY 



run the plantation .five years, and 
then turn over to them three- 
fourths of the. improved land and 
three-fourths of the profits. After 
three years effort, he saw fit to 
remove to Massachusetts Bay, 
where lie could have all his im- 
proved lands and all of his profits. 
Whether he settled all the ten 
families within three years from 
August 10, 1622, or whether Gorges 
and Mason had to come forward 
to finish the task, we do not know. 

Let us remember that we know 
very little about this dark period 
when the Province of Maine covered 
Maine and New Hampshire both. Ex- 
cept Air. Thomson and the Hiltons, 
and perhaps -Mr. Ambrose Gibbins, 
we have not one name to associate 
with this period. The arrival of the 
Warwick, when our written history 
begins, was not until the summer of 
1630. 

They have in Boston, not in its 
legal custody, a sheet of paper 
written on both sides, a separate 
document on either side, and both 
certified by Eli^ha Cooke, clerk of 
courts. On one side is a copy of 
the inventory of the Laconia Com- 
pany goods, July, 1635, attested by 
Mr. Chamberlain, Secretary of this 
Province in 1683, when the case of 
Mason versus Waldron was tried, 
and this is of unquestionable 
genuineness. 

On the other side is the list of 
people, "sent by John Mason, 
Esquire," winding up, "Eight 
Danes, Twenty-Two Women." If 
this list was offered in 'court ! in 
1683, it was rejected as spurious. 
Both from external and internal 
evidence, it seems a fraudulent pro- 
duction. Probably it was made up 
to use in the suit against 
Humphrey Spencer in 1704, as there 
is a check mark in the margin op- 
.posite Thomas Spencer's name, and 
Elisha Cooke was not appointed clerk 
of courts until 1702. The list omits 
names of some who we know were 



sent over by Capt. Mason, as 
Thomas Crockett ; and inserts 
names of -young men who were 
children or unborn at the time of 
Capt. Mason's death, as the two 
younger Chadbournes, Thomas 
Fernald, Jeremy Walford * and in- 
cludes the names of men who we 
know were not sent over by him, as 
William Seavey, who came on a fish- 
ing trip to the Isles of Shoals, John 
Symonds, sent over by Trelawny 
to Richmond's Island, Francis 
Norton and Sampson Lane, who 
came after the Captain's death, and 
others. The name printed as Henry 
Baldwin is not that name in the 
Boston list ; evidently Clerk Cooke 
could not read it, but from his imi- 
tation of the writing, I judge it was 
Odiorne. No Henry Odiorne is 
known to have been here, which is 
true of other names in the list, 
which may have been invented at 
the same time as the Wheelwright 
deed, in the desperate resolve to 
protect the community from the 
loss of their homes, with various 
names inserted that might help dif- 
ferent ones to claim their lands 
as descendants of Captain Mason's 
servants. Thomas .Crockett's des- 
cendants were living on Kittery side, 
but as they claimed no lands on 
Portsmouth side, there was thus no 
occasion to include his name. 

So our certain knowledge after 
the arrival of the Warwick is none 
too full, yet luminous when com- 
pared with the unwritten period 
preceeding, although the Isles of 
Shoals and the Piscataqua were the 
principal ports in New England 
in that period. If the settlement 
had been abandoned, Governor 
Bradford would surely have re- 
corded the fact. On the contrary, 
in 1628 Piscataqua contributed as 
much as Plymouth to the expense 
of banishing Morton, who was 
selling firearms to the Indians. 
There must have been many peo- 
ple here, besides hundreds of trail- 



WHO PLANTED NEW HAMPSHIRE? 



367 



sients here and at the Shoals.; but 
we ask in vain who they were. 

li Mr. Gibbins came over early 
he went ' back, as he came on the 
Warwick. Hubbard says the Hil- 
ton s were here, that they came with 
Thomson. Hubbard, who certain- 
ly was mistaken in part, seems to 
have gotten his information from 
young William Hilton, a boy not 
six years old when 3*1 r. Thomson 
came over. In young Hilton's pe- 
tition to the General Court in the 
year 1660, to confirm lands given 
his father and himself by the In- 
dians, he said: 

"Whereas your petitioner's fa- 
ther, William Hilton, came 
over into New England about 
the year Anno Dom. 1621 and 
your petitioner came about one- 
year and a half after, and in a 
little time following settled 
ourseh es upon the River of 
Pischatag with Mr. Edward 
Hilton, who were the first Eng- 
lish planters there." 
This reads as though Mr. Hub- 
bard accepted Hilton's story and 
recorded it as history, merely in- 
serting David Thomson's name with 
the Hiltons. Mr. Hubbard, who 
was the minister at Ipswich, was a 
few years younger /than William 
Hilton, Jr., who was baptized at 
Witton church., in Northwich, 
Cheshire, June 22, 1617. Hilton's 
two wives belonged to prominent 
families of Newbury and Charles- 
town. Mr. Hubbard must have 
been well acquainted with both 
families. William Hilton, Jr., was 
a ship-master, and had had a book 
of soundings or charts printed be- 
fore Mr. Hubbard got up the map 
of New England for his history of 
King Philip's War. About Ply- 
mouth, as well as the Piscataqua, 
Mr. Hubbard seems to have gotten 
information from Hilton. He says, 
what no one else does, that the 
first complaint dgainst Mr. Lyford. 
who was brought over " by Mr. 



Wins-low in 1624, to be minister at 
Plymouth, was over baptizing a 
child of Mr. Hilton's, although not 
a member of their church. Hub- 
bard's History shows familiar 
knowledge of the Hiltons as ac- 
curate as a little boy might remem- 
ber and tell things to a friend. 

Certainly William Hilton did not 
come over with Thomson. lie 
came to Plymouth in 1621, and was 
there with his family in 1624. It 
seems doubtful whether Edward 
Hilton did. although from April 9, 
1621, when he came out of his ap- 
prenticeship in the Fishmongers' 
Company of London, until 1628, 
when he contributed to keep fire- 
arms away from the Indians, we 
have as yet no knowledge of his 
movements. But there is contem- 
porary evidence that some Bristol 
merchants joined with him to set- 
tle his colon}', and a young fellow 
just out of his apprenticeship must 
be allowed sufficient time in which 
to perfect such important connec- 
tions, even if aided by Sir Ferdi- 
nando. If Edward Hilton was one 
of Mr. Thomson's first company.. 
it seems that he must have gone 
back. 

At any rate, if here early in 
1624, he was with Thomson at Lit- 
tle Harbor, and had not yet made 
his settlement up the river. Capt. 
Christopher Levett in 1628 printed 
a book on his voyage of 1623-4. 
fie stopped a month with Air. 
Thomson at Little Harbor. While 
there he "discovered" the Piscata- 
qua river and an Indian who came 
down the river told him that up 
the river was much good land. In 
this .season of tercentenary good 
cheer, we all wish to work our 
believers overtime if necessary to 
keep everybody happy, but we must 
be equipped with believers as big 
as bushel baskets to believe that 
that Indian told Capt. Levett that 
there were good lands up the river 
without telling him also that there 



368 THE GRANITE MONTHLY 

were Englishmen living on them, next year we can all join in ceie- 

if there had been such. brating the founding of New Hamp- 

So in 1922 we can all join in eel- shire ; and at later periods as we 

ebrating the three hundredth anni- may learn the facts, different lo- 

versary of the granting of the char- cahties can celebrate, in a series of 

ter under which New Hampshire tercentenaries, all in our turn, and 

and Maine were colonized; and begrudging none. 

SAILS 

By Alice Leigh 

The sea must miss the bellowing sails, 
That frolicked and tossed in the roaring gales ; 
That lazily flapped and the yard-arms beat, 
On the sun-baked days in the doldrums', heat — 

The sails that swayed to the chanties' charms, 
Or furled to the sailors' straining arms ; 

Or stood so tall against the blue 

As around the masts the sea gulls flew. 

The steamship's path is an esplanade. 
And she travels it free and unafraid ; 

But the whim of the wind led the bending sails 

Into reckless, wandering, gypsy trails. 

The curling smoke from the engine's fire 
Has lighted the sailing vessel's pyre; 

But the steamer shall ever an alien be 

To wind and sails and the tossing sea. 



THE COLOR OF HAPPINESS 

By Louise Patterson Guyol 

It is the color of the sun 

Sifting through apple-trees in bloom. 
It is a subtle color spun 

By rain upon a silver loom. 

It holds the tint of April skies 

Cupping a honey-colored moon, 

And pulsing wings of butterflies 

Adrift across the summer noon. 

It is the tender opal shade 

Of hopes untold and dreams unborn, 
It is as bright as carven jade; 

Whiter than dew on tasseled corn. 

Changing and glowing, jewel- fair, 

Happiness floats on rainbow wings, 

For Happiness is all things rare, 
All beautiful, all lovely things. 



Si^ 



NOTTINGHAM'S 200th ANNIVERSARY 



£?v R&. Her old II. Xilcs 



Certainly a town which furnished 
four generals tor the Revolutionary 
War, besides rendering other dis- 
tinguished service to the State and 
the Nation, has a right to celebrate 
its two hundredth anniversary. Such 
a town is Nottingham, New Hamp- 
shire. 

On the twentieth and twenty-first 
days of August, this beautiful and 
historic town commemorated its two 
hundredth birthday with suitable and 
appropriate exercises under the direc- 
tion of a committee, appointed at the 
last Town Meeting and consistng of 
Charles Chesley, chairman ; Thomas 
E. Fernald. Treasurer; Mrs. Fred 
Fernald, Mrs. John Harvey and Mr. 
1. A. Colby. 

The celebration began with a huge 
bonfire on Nottingham Square on 
Saturday evening. This fire, to the 
students of history, was a symbol of 
those beacon-fires which '. once blazed 
on the hill-top of New " Hampshire 
summoning the men and women of 
the Granite. State to patriotic duty. 

On Sunday, morning a religous 
service was held in the Unversalist 
church, which was packed to the doors 
with a congregation which assembled 
for miles around. 

Music was ably rendered by a 
choir _ from Northwood consisitng of 
Mrs. Clarence Sanborn, soprano ; 
Mrs. Tilton. alto; Mr. Daniel Miner, 
bass; Mr. Raymond Bickford, tenor; 
and Mrs. Raymond Bickford, or- 
ganist. . . 

The service of worship was in 
charge of Rev. Harold H. Nil'es of 
Concord, Chaplain of the New 
Hampshire Legislature, assisted by 
the Reverends Alien Brown of Rum- 
ford, Maine, I. D. Morrison of Not- 
tingham, and Mr. Goodwin of North- 
wood. 

In the evening a community sing 
was held at the home of Dr. and Mrs. 



Frederick 'Fernald at Nottingham 
Square. 

Monday morning dawned bright 
and fair. A large crowd of people 
estimated from three to five thousand 
people, gathered to assist the towns- 
people in carrying out the day's pro- 
gram, which began with music by 
Nevers* Band of Concord, following 
which Nottingham defeated North- 
wood at baseball by a score of 10 to 
9. After a basket picnic there was an 
address by Governor Albert O. 
Brown, and more music by the band. 

In the afternoon was given the his- 
torical pageant, at the foot of Long 
Hill. Before describing it, a brief 
historical note should be quoted 
from the program. 

The town of Nottingham was 
founded by royal charter on May 8, 
1722. The petitioners for the char- 
ter resided in Boston and Newbury, 
Massachusetts, and in New Hamp- 
shire from Exeter and Portsmouth. 
The development of the town was 
hampered by Indian troubles till the 
conclusion of the French wars. Then 
followed a continued growth, a cen- 
sus in 1775 showing 999 inhabitants 
including sixteen slaves. 

During the Revolution no town of 
its size rendered more cordial or ef- 
ficient service. Nottingham fur- 
nished three colonels and one captain 
who later became Major Generals in 
the New Hampshire Militia, Joseph 
Cilley, Thomas Bartlett, Henry Dear- 
born and Henry Butler. It is stated 
that Captain Dearborn marched with 
sixty minute men from Nottingham 
Square to Bunker Hill in twelve 
hours, on April 20, 1775. In the 
War of 1812 the town was also ably 
represented by Colonel Joseph Cilley 
who served first as ensign and later 
as brevet captain. In the Civil War 
and in the World War the town also 
played its patriotic part. 



370 



THE GRANITE MONTHLY 



Nottingham was situated on the 
stage route between Portsmouth and 
Concord, winch aided its prosperity, 
but the introduction of the railroad, 
the development of the fertile, lands 
of the Great West and, to some ex- 



portrayal of the history of the town. 
The program is here given: 
Prologue, Mrs. Arthur Mc Daniels. 
EPISODE I. 

The Coming of the First Settlers 



■ 

m 
i p 



, i 



y t 



. ■ 



mm 



To Nottingham's Four Generals 



tent, the effects of the Civil War, 
have altered local conditions and left 
the delightful quiet town as we know 
it to-day. 

The pageant, written and directed 
by Miss Grace Wright of Boston, 
was well rendered and gave a vivid 



The signers of the original charter 
of Nottingham were apparently given 
grants for services rendered to the 
crown. The tract of land petitioned 
for was to be called New Boston 
and it does not appear why this name 
was not given it in the charter in- 



NOTTINGHAM'S 200TH AN XI VERSA RY 



371 



stead of Nottingham. Among the 
early settlers was Joseph Cilley who 
built a log cabin on Rattlesnake Hill 
about 1727. lie brought with him all 
his worldly effects on one pack horse. 
The early settlers laid out a compact 
village with great exactness on the 
beautiful elevation later known as the 
Square. Here were the church, 
school house and stores. The peti- 
tioners asked for a tract of land ten 
miles square. The boundaries estab- 
lished were such that the settlement 
at the Square was far to the south of 
the center of the township and this 
remoteness resulted in the separation 
of those tracts which later became 
Northwood and Deerfield. 

CAST 

Joseph Cilley and Wife 

Mr. and Mrs. Harry D. Cilley 

Benjamin Butler and Wife 

Dr. Fred Fernald, Miss Elizabeth Fer- 

NALD 

Sam cel Bartlett and Wife 

Mr. and Mrs. 1. A. Colby 

Paul Gerrish and Wife 

Mr. and Mrs. Charles Jones 

1 obert Harvey and Wife 

Mr. and Mrs. Joseph Glover 

Abner Clouch George Carmicheal 

Indians and others. 

EPISODE II 
Indian Massacre 

During the early French and Indian 
wars Nottingham was an outpost 
town and was constantly in danger of 
Indian raids. The Longfellow block 
house was established in what is now 
Deerfield and another near the Square. 
Great anxiety prevailed and large 
numbers of settlers removed from the 
town. Clearing and tilling of the soil 
was nearly abandoned for a time. 
Some help was received from the pro- 
vincial government, and rangers trav- 
elled the forests between Chester and 
Rochester. Most of the settlers lived 
at the Garrison house, but in spite of 
all precautions Robert Beard, John 
Folsom and Mistress Simpson were 
surprised and massacred while at work 
at their homes. 

A small band of Indians lived near 



North River Pond. The chief named 
Swansen was disposed to be friendly 
to the settlers but seemed to he unable 
to restrain his braves. 
CAST 

Robert Beard Brainerd Mears 

John Folsom Rev. H. H. Niles 

Mistress Beard ...Mrs. Harry P. Gilley 

Mistress Folsom ... .Mrs. Joseph Glover 

Ranger, Guards. Indians and Settlers. 

EPISODE III 

Witchcraft Period 

Nottingham shared to some extent 

the prevalent superstition of the early 

times, and various stories ,are still 

handed down regarding those days. 

No account appears, however, that 

those suspected of witchcraft were 

ever persecuted or driven away. 

CAST 

Madame Rowlin Mrs. Fred Fernald 

Old Let Mrs. Margarite Davis 

Mistress Sawyer ...Mrs. Edith Gerrish 
Madame Goodfellow, Miss Vienna Smith 
Mrs. Hopkins ...Mrs. Alice Batchedler 

Mistress Peck 

Miss Elizabeth Batch-elder 

Young Let Mrs. Fred Gove 

Pev. Goodhue Mr. Frank Smith 

Joel Frederic Fernald 

LIired Man Joseph Colby 

Children. 

EPISODE IV 

Revolutionary Period 
The unrest of this period was keen- 
ly felt in the lower towns of New 
Hampshire and the taverns were the 
scenes of many discussions regard- 
ing the oppression of the crown and 
the unjust taxation. The settlers 
of Nottingham were ardent patriots 
and were represented hy Cilley, Dear- 
born and others in the raid on Fort 
William and Mary which resulted in 
the capture of powder and other 
munitions. This plunder was brought 
to Durham by General Sullivan and 
later sent to surrounding towns for 
safe keeping. A part was secreted 
in Nottingham subject to General 
Sullivan's orders. Previous to this, 
militia had been organized and drill- 
ed by Dearborn and when the call to 
action came they left their tools in 



372 



THE GRANITE MONTHLY 



the fields, hastily forming for a of the highway bridge at Dover 

forced march to Bunker Hill where Point the route was changed to what 

many of them were in action. is known as the turnpike in the North 

TAVERN SCENE Si(le ' 

CA^T 

Landlord Butler ....Mr. George Wiggin ' '"' 

Thomas Bartlett . uov. Wentworth Dr. Fred hERNALD 

Mr." Arthur McDaniels Lady Went worth. .Mrs. Frank Ferxald 

Tory Trowbridge . .'. .". . . .Mr. Fred Gove Mrs - Thomas Bartlett 

Madame Butler Millie Smith „ A _ Miss Ada Perkins 

And Settlers Mistress Arvilla .airs. Harry' D. Cilley 

Call, ta Anil's Benjamin True ..Mr. Harry D. Cilley 

Cart. Dearborn .' Mr. Charles Jones Driver of Stage Coach 

Messenger Mr. Dudley Leavitt Mr. Andrew Stevens 

Spinners, Soldiers and Settlers Parson, Fisherman, Maids. Coachmen and 

Sending Away the Powder Footmen. 



■ 



- 



i 






Historic Cilley House 



Major Thomas Bartlett 

Mr. Arthur McDaniels 

Col. Joseph Cilley 

Mr. Bradbury Batchelder 
Messrs. Hilton and Kendel 
Mr. Elmer Holmes and Mr. Charles 
Chesley 
Horsemen, Guards and Settlers 

EPISODE V 
Stage Coach Days 
During the Colonial days Notting- 
ham was on the direct stage coach 
line between Portsmouth and Con- 
cord and its taverns flourished as it 
was a favorite stopping place. The 
early route led through the Square 
and Deerheld but with the opening 



EPISODE VI 

Singing School, a Favorite 
Pastime 

Presented by the people of Decrfield 

EPISODE VII 

Virginia Reel 

Representing the amusements of the 

times 

Typical characters 

EPISODE VIII 
Civil War Period 
While slaves were owned in Not- 
tingham in colonial days, that condi- 



NOTTINGHAM'S 200TH ANNIVERSARY 



373 



tion had long past and the' people 
were strong; abolitionists and ably 
supported the cause of the Union. 

Cast 
Muster Drill presented by the 
Northwood Post of the American 
Legion ■ and others. 

EPISODE TX 
Cobbler's Dance 

Following the Civil War the mak- 



~l 



Another View of the Monument. 

ing of shoes was a considerable in- 
dusry. Every home had its cob- 
bler's shop. 

Cast 

Cobbler Da niel Miner 

Assisted by Children. 



EPISODE X 

Past and Present 

Lady Notting ham 

Mrs. Clarence Lawton 

Attendants. Mothers, Sons and concluding 
pageant procession. 

Indians — Chief Swa>isen, Mr. Andrew 
J. Avers ; Braves, Leavitt Harvey. Leon 
Dame, John DeMerritt, Harry Parker, 
Tom Stevens, Perry Harvey, Wesley 
Harvey, Elmer Parker. 

Spinners, Miss Vienna Smith, Miss 
Elizabeth Eernald, Mrs. Fred Fernald, 
Mrs. George Wiggin, Mrs. Wesley Har- 
vey. Mrs. Charles Jones, Mrs. Joseph 
Glover, Mrs. Margarite Davis. 

Soldiers, Clarence H. Lawton, T. E. 
Fernald, Mr. Perley Batch elder, Fred 
Gove, Mr. Geo. Wiggin, Charles Case, 
Joseph Glover, Mr. Wesley Harvey. 
Harry Parker, Elmer Parker. 

Fisher -en and Maids, Dudley Leavitt, 
George Carmicheal, Leavitt Harvey, 
Lionel Harvey, Dora Carmicheal, Eliz- 
abeth Batchelder, Millie Smith, Jose- 
phine Fernald. 

OTHERS TAKING PART IN 
PAGEANT 



Miss Hazel Watson 
Mrs. L. L. Callan 
Miss Ila Harvey 
Allen Harvey 
Mrs. John Harvey 
Miss Maria Kelsey 



John Foss 

Miss Mary Ide 

Clarence Lawton 

T. E. Fernald 

Perle y B atc h elder 

Mrs. George Wiggin 

Mrs. Wesley Harvey Charles Kelsey 

Andrew D. Stevens Henry Gove 

Thomas Stevens Willis Fernald 

Mrs. Charles Case Harrison Chesley 

Mrs. H. H. Niles Edward Foss 

Mansfield Johnson 
Solo Dancer .. Miss Janet Simmons 
f Those who attended this celebra- 
tion have as their reward, as Lieut. 
Col. John Van Schaick described his 
visit to Nottingham Square : — 

"Pictures of the pine woods, the 
oaks and maples, the well-tilled fields, 
the great Xew England farmhouses, 
the little country churches, with old 
friendships renewed, new friendships 
made ; with that keenest of joys which 
the lover of history has, in running 
suddenly upon beautiful and historic 
things, and with lasting memories of 
a people who seem worthy to be the 
children of such heroic fathers." 



371 



NEW ENGLAND'S INDUSTRIAL FUTURE 

By Fob erf P, Bass. 



(It will he the policy of the magazine 
to encourage discussions such as those 
recently begun by Dr. Hodsdon and 
Mr; Upbam as to present-day New 
Hampshire problems. Approach from 
varying angles is desirable, so we. repub- 
lish here an article, recently written by 
ex-Governor Bass for the Peterborough 
Transcript. We have promise of at least 
one other paper by another author for 
an early issue. — Editor.) 

Numerous articles have recently 
appeared in the newspapers and 
periodicals published in New Hamp- 
shire and in other New England 
states discussing the future of New 7 
England industrial development. 

Many of these have undertaken to 
point out the dangers which' threaten 
the continued prosperity of various 
industries in New England. Among 
those most frequently mentioned, are 
first, the high cost of coal, which is 
the motive power used in most of our 
industries. Second, the handicap 
under which our manufacturers labor, 
in importing their raw materials from 
a long distance and exporting those 
manufactured goods which they sell 
outside of New England. In this con- 
nection, it is pointed out that the 
center of population in the United 
States is moving steadily westward, 
and that it has now reached the State 
of Indiana. Conseqently, New Eng- 
land products have further to travel 
before they reach their ultimate 
consumer. 

Other obstacles to industrial pros- 
perity frequently mentioned, are high 
taxation and high wages. 

It has seemed to me that there is 
much food for sober thought in these 
suggestions. They raise questions 
vital to the continued prosperity of 
many of those industries which have 
been the chief source of the wealth 
and growth of New England, and 
which have provided employment for 
an increasing part of the people who 
live in these States. There are few 
questions which more vitally or per- 



manently affect the continued pros- 
perity and development of this sec- 
tion of the Country. 

In reading these various articles, 
1 have been surprised at the absence 
of certa in constructive remedies which 
1 believe would be of material assist- 
ance in successfully meeting this 
critical business situation. 

One of the chief burdens which 
New England manufacturers now 
have to contend with is the high cost 
of coal. It is unfortunate that we are 
so far removed from the deposits of 
coal, oil and gas. On the other hand 
nature has favored us with a sub- 
stantial amount of water power. 
Much of this power is still undevel- 
oped and going to waste, while our 
industries are staggering under the 
burden of their coal bills. It would 
seem that one of the first steps neces- 
sary to meet new conditions is to 
hasten the development of these water 
powers, and to do this in a way which 
will most benefit our industries and 
the public. New Hampshire, in par- 
ticular, has undeveloped water power. 
Some of those which have been de- 
veloped are of little benefit to our in- 
dustries, for a large part of the power 
is now transmitted beyond this State 
and used in the operation of indus- 
tries elsewhere. 

The creation of storage reservoirs 
near the sources of our larger streams 
would increase the minimum flow for 
all those powers already developed 
on such streams. This would dimin- 
ish or eliminate the need for auxiliary 
steam power now so commonly used 
during regular periods of low water. 
It would be necessary for the State 
to take the initiative in this matter in 
order to apportion the charges to the 
various industries ^ which would be so 
largely benefited by the new power so 
provided. The extent of the public 
benefit which would be derived 
through the conservation of the w r ater 



NEW ENGLAND'S INDUSTRIAL FUTURE 



375 



which now goes to waste, can he 
realized when we consider that every 
cubic foot of water which was there- 
by released during periods of low 

water would increase the amount of 
power generated at every plant on 
the stream. The cost of large stor- 
are reservoirs, which would be pro- 
hibitive for any one plant, would be- 
come very moderate if distributed 
among all those who made use. of the 
water on the stream. 

This is a matter in which the State 
should take immediate action. The 
valuable information made available 
through Col. Leighton's recent report 
showing the extent and location of 
our water powers, could well be used 
as a basis for the formulation of a 
State policy which would encourage 
their development for the use of New 
Hampshire industries. We might 
even find that they could be used to 
reduce the cost of railroad transpor- 
tation. Such a policy should have 
as one of its chief purposes the pro- 
tection of the public and business in- 
terests by preventing monopoly and 
exorbitant rates for hydro-electric 
power. it would be disastrous for 
New England if the water power 
were exploited for the private gain 
of a few, as the coal mines now seem 
to be. 

Bringing raw material for our man- 
ufacturers to New England is one of 
the heavy burdens now hampering 
our industries. There are two lines 
of action which will clearly help to 
overcome this obstacle. First, to 
develop and increase the supply of 
such raw materials which we ourselves 
produce. In New Hampshire, the 
most important raw material at our 
command is to be derived from out- 
forests. At present, we are not only 
rapidly exhausting the supply of this 
valuable raw material, but much 
timber which is now cut in this State 
is being shipped beyond our borders, 
to be manufactured elsewhere into a 
finished product. Furthermore, much 
of our soft timber is beimr cut before 



it is mature. Little is being done to 
insure a continuous supply of lumber 
fur New Hampshire. .A recent sur- 
vey of the State made by the Federal 
Government, shows that we have over 
two million acres of waste land which 
is at present producing little or nothing 
of value, and which might easily be 
made the source of a large revenue to 
the State, and of a continuous supply 
of a valuable raw material which 
could profitably give employment to 
a large number of people in New 
Hampshire, were it manufactured 
here into finished products. 

We sorely need a far-sighted and 
advanced State policy in regard to our 
forests. One of the first steps in this 
direction lies in the adoption of a new 
method of taxing growing timber. 
Under our present tax system, no one 
can afford to own and raise a crop of 
growing trees. The owner of young 
growth has a continual outlay to 
meet tax requirements. Each year 
he must pay a tax on the full value 
of his growing timber, and gets no in- 
come for something like fifty years. A 
single stand of mature timber is re- 
quired to pay taxes forty or fifty 
times over before the crop matures. 
This is one reason why so much land, 
well adapted to growing trees, is to- 
day, lying unproductive in our state. 

Under a far-sighted and progressive 
State policy, we could easily produce 
a continuous supply of timber which 
would place- this industry at least in 
a position to compete successfully 
with any other section of the United 
States. This is the kind of construc- 
tive action, which will insure the con- 
tinued growth and prosperity of at 
least one important New England in- 
dustry. 

New England railroads should be 
owned by New England people, and 
developed in their interests. There is 
now much talk of consolidating great 
railway systems. We should not al- 
low our arteries of commerce to be- 
come mere adjuncts of the systems in 
New York and Pennsylvania. If they 



376 



THE GRANITE MONTHLY 



do, we shall suffer in rates, in service, 
and in the development of our means 
of transportation. 

The ablest observers and students 
of industrial affairs in this country. 
agree that New England's greatest 
industrial resource, lies in her large 
supply of highly skilled workmen. 
It is probable that our continued in- 
dustrial prosperity depends in a large 
degree upon our ability to keep and 
increase this supply of skilled labor. 
For it is only by means of highly 
trained men and women that we can 
hope to turn out finished products of 
such a quality as will command the 
best prices. The transportation charg- 
es incurred in the distribution and 
selling of such goods, will be 'propor- 
tionately less than the transportation 
charges on bulky coarse products, 
turned out by unskilled labor, which 
must be sold at a much lower value in 
relation to their bulk or weight. 

It is perhaps natural that the first 
tendency of manufacturers who feel 
the pressure of the increasingly keen 
competition, should be. vigorously 
opposed to the more liberal working 
conditions which are being adopted 
in other sections of the country. The 
plausible argument is advanced that 
New England cannot afford to meet 
these conditions owing to its adverse 
situation in respect to coal and 
freight rates. Is it wise for New Eng- 
land to allow other sections of the 
country to maintain more favorable 
conditions for skilled labor? If the 
conditions under which employment 
can be obtained in New England are 
lower than those which prevail else- 
where, it .is inevitable that the more 
enterprising, intelligent and skilled 
men and women within our borders 
will gradually and continually drift 
to those localities where conditions 
of work are more favorable. 

Furthermore, there is a field of 
economy and thrift in this connection 
which we in New England, cannot- 
afford to overlook. Strikes, lockouts, 
large groups of employees hostile or 



antagonistic to their employers, are 
all the source of immeasurable losses, 
not only to the community at large, 
but to our industries themselves. It 
is of vital importance to New Eng- 
land business that its leaders should 
develop a far-sighted and resourceful 
policy in dealing with the labor 
situation. 

Another serious disadvantage to 
New England industry lies in the 
fact that the cost of living is higher 
here than it is in some sections of the 
the country which produce the food 
necessary for their population. We in 
New England import 75% of our 
food. The transportation charges on 
this food add substantially to its 
cost to the consumer. This has an 
injurious effect on New England busi- 
ness. If mill operatives, for instance, 
can live better on the same wages in 
St. Louis than they can in New Eng- 
land, there is bound to be a tendency 
for those industries which employ the 
best class of help, gradually to move 
their plants where living costs are 
cheapest. In such localities they will 
find a more abundant, more contented, 
and more capable supply of labor. 

Industrial prosperity and agricul- 
tural development are largely inter- 
dependent. This is more true to-day 
than ever before, because of the in- 
crease costs of transporting food. 

In the interests of the continued 
prosperity of New England, we need 
to foster and encourage our agricul- 
tural resources. We have not been 
doing this in the past. During the last 
fifty years, while our population has 
largely increased, products of out- 
farms have shown a steady and alarm- 
ing decline. We need to encourage 
better and more efficient agricultural 
methods, accompanied by a discrimi- 
nating selection of the things to be 
produced on New England farms. 
We need more productive stock, a 
better selection of seed, intensive cul- 
tivation of land, more fertilizer, and 
a wise selection and rotation of crops. 

The valuable work being done along 



NEW ENGLAND'S INDUSTRIAL FUTURE 



377 



these lines by our State College, by 
the "Agricultural Extension Service, 
and by our farm organizations, 
should be encouraged. The}- not 
only help the fanner, but indirectly 
they contribute fundamentally to the 
prosperity of all business in our 
community. 

We have in our midst the best mar- 
kets for farm products to be found 
anywhere in the world. But, unfor- 
tunately, these have not been devel- 
oped in the interests of New England 
farmers. Others have profited by this 
natural advantage. We have in this 
country the most extravagant sys- 
tem of distributing food to be found 
anywhere in the world. Much can be 
done to reduce the cost of food and to 
increase farm profits by means of co- 
operative buying and selling. In New 
England, at least, we cannot afford 
longer to support a system of food 
distribution which charges the con- 
sumer, on an average, twice as much 
as it costs to produce that food on the 
farm. Here is a field for construc- 
tive progress which will benefit both 
our industries and our farmers. 

Many of the policies and lines of 
action which I have suggested can be 
initiated and developed only by the 
business men of our community. 
They are broad, economic questions 
which must be handled as other prac- 
tical problems are handled. 

But there are a few things which 
can be done through our government. 
Of recent years, taxes have grown to 
such an extent that they are a serious 
burden to the farmer, to the house- 
holder, and to many business enter- 
prises. At present, our taxes are not 
equally distributed. Certain classes 
of property bear more than their 
share of the cost of government. 
Other classes of property escape tax- 
ation either in part or in whole. This 
discrimination is not only unjust, but 
it may even threaten the continued 
prosperity of those interests most 
heavily burdened. This is a time 
when taxes should be distributed fair- 



ly on all classes of property, in some 
reasonable proportion to their ability 
to pay. 

In the last ten. years the cost of 
running our state government has 
more than doubled. Much of this 
increase is inevitable, and due to 
causes we cannot control. But we 
should take every precaution against 
waste, inefficiency and the extrava- 
grant use of public moneys. Realizing 
the taxes are unusually high, and that 
the functions of Government have 
been enormously extended, some 25 
states have been making a careful 
survey of all the departments of 
government. These surveys have for 
their object, increasing the efficiency, 
and introducing economies, in con- 
ducting the business of the state. 
1 believe that New Elampshire could 
profitably order a similar investiga- 
tion of its State's affairs to be made 
by men of experience and training in 
such matters. 

In brief, it seems to me that the 
business prosperity of New England 
could be substantially increased ; first 
through the wise development of our 
water powers to overcome the dis- 
advantage of expensive coal and high 
freight rates. Secondly, by encour- 
aging the development of our forest 
to provide cheap raw material, at 
least, for one great industry. Third, 
by developing our agricultural re- 
sources, and a cheaper system of 
food distribution, in order to lower the 
cost of living. And finally, by a 
vigilant and intelligent effort to in- 
stitute efficiency, thrift, and economy 
in all public expenditures. This to be 
accompanied -by a wider and more 
equitable distribution of the cost of 
government, through an equaliza- 
tion of the tax burden. 

Such action calls for the cooperation 
of all elements and classes, to unite 
in overcoming the difficulties which 
menace the prosperity of New Eng- 
land. This is a matter in which we 
all have the most vital interest. If 
all classes of people understand the 



37S THE GRANITE MONTHLY 

fundamental causes of the present a free discussion and full publicity, 

situation, it will be possible to enlist concerning- existing conditions, and 

their united cooperation in a construe the action necessary to meet these 

the plan of action; For this purpose, conditions, is most desirable. 



FANTASY 

By L. Adelaide Slwnu-an 

Drunk with the sunset's spilled red wine 

Day has swooned, and the western hills 
In dappled amethyst, mauve and gray, 
Bend and weep over prostrate Day — 

Each tear in a drop of dew distils. 

Back where the sentinel fir-trees stand, 
Blackly agleam on the sky-line white, 

Hark ! he has broken the holy hush ; 

The seraph-throated hermit thrush 

In liquid triplets greets King Night. 

I have fled from the House of Day, 

Spite of her warders, Toil and Care; 
Breathing the balsam breezes pure, 
Into the gem-shine, star-shine lure — 
Palpitant sky and dew-dipped air. 



Fleeing, I laugh at the House of Day — 
Weariness, like an out-worn dress, 

Slips away on a shimmering tide, 

A sea of fancy, deep and wide, 

Soft impearled by the moon's caress. 

Flash of an arrow, crystal tipped, 

Silver meshes that hold me fast; 

Song of a pixie, light of a star, 

And an elfin echo, faint and far, — 
A faery herald's bugle blast ! 

High I wing me with bird and song, 

With the moon and steadfast stars I shine. 
Lo ! I am one with flower and tree, 
And a glory throbs in the soul of me! 

I, too, am drunk with the sunset's wine. 



_?;•<? 



THE NEW WILLEY HOUSE CABINS 

By John H. Foster, Sf ate Forester. 



The Crawford Notch, one of the 
most famous gateways in the White 
Mountains, was named for Ethan 
Allen. Crawford, one of the first 
settlers in the region. It is a source 
of gratification to know that a tract 
of 6,000 acres, extending south- 
ward from the gateway for a dis- 
tance of about six miles, belongs 
to the people of New Hampshire 
and is known as the Crawford 
Notch State Forest Reservation. 
This reservation occupies the 
northerly half of the township 
known as Hart's Location. On 
either side the boundary extends 
to the summits of the mountains 
bordering the Saco river. The 
purchase of this reservation was 
made possible by a special act of 
the Legislature of 1911. 

To the east and west of the State 
Reservation lies the White Moun- 
tain National Forest which makes 
of the region altogether a splendid 
stretch of forested mountains, val- 
leys and slopes now in public own- 
ership. A short distance below the 
gateway are the Silver Cascades, 
well worth a stop on the part of 
motorists passing through the 
Notch, but unfortunately frequent- 
ly overlooked. Mounts Avalon. 
Willard, Willey and ' Frankenstein 
comprise the border range on the 
west, while the magnificant slopes 
of Mt. Webster occupy much of the 
easterly border of the valley. The 
southern border of the reservation 
is near the crossing of Bemis 
Brook, where a vista has been cut 
through to the river and a magnifi- 
cent view may be obtained of the 
summit of Mt. Washington. 

Within the Crawford Notch res- 
ervation and some three miles be- 
low the gate of the Notch, is the 
site of the original Willey House, 
famous the country over on ac- 
count of the great slide which on 



August .28, 1826,. -came dowrn. the 
slope of Mt. Willey and killed the 
entire Willey family, who had 
rushed from their home upon the 
approach of the avalanche. It is 
well known that the house itself 
remained untouched. This house 
was afterwards enlarged by the ad- 
dition of another building and used 
as a hotel. The original house was 
finally destroyed by fire and the 
hotel buildings eventually disap- 
peared. For many years now the 
only suggestion of previous habi- 
tation at this famous spot has been 
the clearing in the otherwise un- 
broken forest, the. remains of the 
cellar walls of the original Willey 
House and the walls of other build- 
ings. Gravel from the. great slide 
has been used for many years in 
constructing and maintaining the 
state highway, known as the Theo- 
dore Roosevelt Highway, which 
passes the spot. 

One-half mile below the Willey 
House site is the headquarters of 
the State ranger or patrolman em- 
ployed by the Forestry Commis- 
sion as caretaker of the preserva- 
tion. The ranger cabin is known 
as the Allen Spring Camp, where 
there is located one of the finest 
springs in the mountains, close by 
the highway and near the State, 
cabin. Through the fire season 
the State ranger watches for fire, 
patrols north and south along the 
state highway and the railroad 
above, allots camping space to for- 
est travellers and motor tourists 
and gives permits for building fires. 
He is at the service of the public 
and is always glad to accommodate 
passers-by, point out places of in- 
terest and render every service pos- 
sible free of charge. The open 
spaces between the Allen Spring 
Camp and the Willey House site 
are used for the accomodation of 



380 



THE GRANITE MONTHLY 



the public for 'camping [purposes. 

Two permanent camps away from 
the highway and on a roadway 
leading to the Willey House Sta- 
tion on the Maine Central railroad 
a halt mile below the Allen Spring 
Camp have been built by private 
parties under leases from the State. 
The station on the Maine Central 
railroad, known as the Willey Sta- 
tion, makes the Notch country ac- 
cessible to parties wishing to visit 
the place either from the north or 
south by railroad. 

Thousands of persons each year 



Boston, who has freely given his 
services in the interest of this 
mountain country. One of the cab- 
ins is for a public, rest room, with 
hrepiace and toilets. The other 
cabin is a store and lunch room, 
where food and supplies as well 
as souvenirs, both for the temper 
and automobile party, may be pur- 
chased at reasonable, prices and un- 
der regulation by the State Fores- 
try Commission. Smaller cabins, 
also of peeled spruce are placed ar- 
tistically in the rear, both for ser- 
vice quarters and for use of over- 











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¥feSl f^b»^jpB9^^y ]''\'T^' 


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'- 


■-*■: 



Willey House Cabins 



stop at the Willey House site to 
see the historical spot and enjoy 
the unsurpassed view of the moun- 
tains afforded by the clearings 
made years ago. To accomodate 
the public and increase the recrea- 
tional advantages, the forestry 
Commission has this present sea- 
son undertaken by lease to J. F. 
Donahue of Eartlett to erect two 
peeled spruce cabins close by the 
site of the old Willey House. 
Plans for the construction have 
been worked out by Arthur A. 
Shurtlert, landscape architect of 



night parties to a limited extent. 
The Appalachian Mountain Club 
has accepted the Willey House 
cabins as one of the links in its sys- 
tem of camps east and west across 
the mountains. The possibilities 

for future development and service 
are very great. It is believed that 
this establishment may be able to 
render great public service and be- 
come a headquarters for camping 
parties and outfitters for those who 
wish to spend subsequent days in 
the woods. There is no purpose or 
intent to furnish hotel accomoda- 



THE NEW WILLEY HOUSE CABINS 



38 



tions. Those who stop at the Wil- 
ley House over night must either 
camp out on the public camping 
grounds, for which there is no 
charge, or pay a nominal price for 
the use of one of the cabins where 
they may have cot beds,, but no 
luxuries. 

The recreational use of forests 
has developed to a marked degree 
during the past few years. While 
our mountain roads and trails have 
long been used by trampers, the 
auto camping party has come in- 
to his own quite recently. It ap- 
pears that camping by the road- 
side has been longer in vogue in 
the western states and has come 
to us from that direction. The 
possibility for recreation through- 



great. The National Government 
is bending its efforts to establish 
public camping places, and private 
parties are beginning to take ad- 
vantage of the opportunity to ac- 
comodate the public in this way. 
It is believed that the Willey 
House site is proper and suitable 
for development in this direction, 
always remembering that the pub- 
lic must be served freely with all 
that Nature has provided and that 
the traveler may pay for food supplies 
and comforts at reasonable, prices. Al- 
ready it is no uncommon thing to 
have forty automobile parties pass 
the night <>n the Willey House 
erounds. 



WHEN THE SUMMER DAYS HAVE 
FLED 

By Alice Sargent Kr ik or kin 

All the sweet summer we have felt the charm 
Of her own witchery; by the changing sea 
We have found a peaceful, happy calm 
While we tried to learn its mystery ; 
Shall we remember what the waves have said 
When the summer days have fled? 

Or perchance, our roving feet have led 
W'here the cowbell tinkles faint and low, 
Where the leafy boughs close overhead 
And the mountain shadows come and go ; 
There again, in fancy, shall we tread 
When the summer days have fled? 

In gardens old, beside the gray stone wall, 
We found the roses growing white and fair, 
The pure, calm lily, and the poppy tall 
Flaunting her brilliant petals in the air; 
Shall we picture yet her beauty red 
When the summer davs have fled? 



Now flaming woods reflect the sunsets gold, 
And fluttering earthward falls the crimson leaf 
The flocks are coming homeward to the fold, 
The farmer binds again the golden sheaf. 
And yet, with matchless beauty we are fed 
E'en tho* the summer days have fled. 



382 THE GRANITE MONTHLY 

SOUTH OF MOGADOR 

By Erwin Ferdinand Keene. 

Roaring up the mango-bordered- beach. 
White-lingered waves lift high their greedy hands 
To the green-veined, throbbing jungle, out of reach- 
Then whisper down the seav, eed-tasseled sands. 

Tall palms, like troubadours, lean each to each 
And murmur minstrelsy from many lands, 
Or sing of voyages along thy strands 
When men had much to learn, and more to teach. 

From gold-prowed triremes to our steel-ribbed ships, 
For thrice a thousand years, with hope unfurled, 
No dauntless keel e'er kissed thy tide-wet lips 
But claimed thy seizin for some new-found world. 

Land of romance! of ivory, gold, and slaves: 

Thy fevered breast is bosomed high with graves ! 



THE HERMIT THRUSH 

By Laura Garland Carr. 

From out the woodland's sacred hush 

There comes a sweet, melodious gush 

Of perfect song. It is not sad; 

Jt is not gay ; it is not glad. 

It is the soulful overflow 

Of bliss not given man to know. 

Nor can the little singer feel 

The mysteries his songs conceal. 

Bird song and human heart combine — 

Then ecstasv ! O thrill divine ! 



BABY'S PUFF 

By Ruth Bassctt. 

Soft as a mantle of feathery flakes, 

Shining as pearl. 
Fragrant as clover covering over 

My little girl. 

Silken and light as a rose-tinted cloud 

To earth beguiled. 
Warmly it holds in its delicate folds 

My little child. 



POEMS 383 

A DEGENERATE OF THE PINK FAMILY 

By Mary E. Hough. 

I remember that you grew 

In the sunlight and the dew. 

Where stood an old gray farm-houso in clustering woodbine 

set- 
Then yon strayed down to the road-side ; 
Yes, I think I see you yet. 
All your kin wore fresh, pink dresses. 
Crumpled yours, unkempt your tresses — 
Too much flouncing, but I liked you. 
Bouncing Bet. 

Now you've crept into my garden 
Without saving. "By your pardon !" 
I shall root yon up without the least regret. 
Lest you harm my other flowers. 
Do you blazonly forget 

That you've chummed with weed and sorrel. 
That you real!)* aren't quite moral? 
O, I heartily dislike you. 
Bouncing Bet. 

But one morning 1 was speeding 
In my auto— no one heeding— 

I s?w a stretch of roadside all pink and dewy wet. 
You stretched miles and miles from home, 
But I knew where we had met. 
You were fluttering and graceful. 
And I picked a pretty vaseful 
Of your bloom, — for I loved you, 
Bouncing Bet. 

I thought you would be cheery 

For my city-flat was dreary 

And I owed to you besides a much belated debt, 

Or the duty to reform you — 

You became my wild-flower pet. 

* * * * * * 

But your pale pink has grown blowsy 
And your locks are strangely frowzy — 
O, I love you and I loathe you, 
Bouncing Bet. 



384 THE GRANITE MONTHLY 

A BIT OF COLOR 

By Laura Garland Carr. 

There is mist on the mountain, 
There is dew on the vines ; 

The humming birds flit 

Down the scarlet- bean lines; 

The bees in the blossoms 
With nectar are muddled — 

And still the pink moth 

. In the primrose is cuddled. 

The webs of the spiders — 

With jewels bedight — 
Say all will be lovely 

From morning till night. 
Don't, don't with the primrose 

Forever abide— 
Be astir — little moth — 

In this glory outside. 

A down leafy branches 

The sunbeams are sifting ; 
Across grassy reaches 

Are shadow clouds drifting ; 
The insect brigade is abroad 

In good numbers. 
Be a wise little moth 

And awake from your slumbers. 

Did the primrose beguile 

By its hypnotic motion 
Till now you are lost 

In oblivion's ocean? 
And your dreams — are they fair — 

Like the picture you make? 
Then sleep in your primrose 

And never awake. 

There's a realm of delight 

In the ether — somewhere — 
We've sensed it and glimpsed it — 

And know it is there. 
Is the little pink moth — 

This primrose marauder — 
A waif and a stray 

From over its border? 



3SS 



NEW HAMPSHIRE DAY BY DAY 



At the primary election held on 
September 5. there were more than 
15.000 fewer votes cast than at the 
last primary two years ago. 

Windsor K. Goodnow of Keene 
won the Republican nomination 
for Governor by a vote of more 
than two to one over Arthur G. 
Whittemore of Dover. Fred H. 
Brown of Somersworth, in a tri- 
angular contest, had a comfortable 
margin over John C. Hutchins of 
Stratford [for the Democratic gu- 
bernatorial nomination, while Al- 
bert Wellington iMoone of Peter- 
borough was far in the rear. In 
the first congressional district, the 
Republican nomination went to 
John Scammon of Exeter by a 
considerable margin over Hobart 
Pillsbury of Manchester. The 
other contestants, Fernando W. 
Hartford of Portsmouth and Albert 
E. Shute of Derry, were far behind. 
William N. Rogers of Wakefield 
received the Democratic nomina- 
tion for this district without oppo- 
sition. 

In the second congressional dis- 
trict, Edward II. Wason of Nashua 
was renominated by the Republi- 
cans without opposition. A trian- 
gular contest for the Democratic 
nomination between William H. 
Barry of Nashua, Amos N, Blandin 
of Bath and George H. Whitcher of 
Concord resulted in the first named 
receiving mo e votes than his two 
competitors together. 

In view of the defeat for sena- 
torial nomination in the fifth dis- 
trict of Fred A. Jones, w r ho w r as ex- 
pected to be president of the Sen- 
ate, it is understood that Benjamin 
II. Orr of the fifteenth district and 
George Allen Putnam of the six- 
teenth district will be candidates 
for that office. For the speaker of 
the house Harry M. Cheney of 
Concord has been suggested. Mr. 
Cheney was speaker in 1903, but 
is not yet a candidate. 



Another suggested candidate for 
speaker is Charles W. Tobey of 
Temple who held the chair in the 
session of 1919. At present the in- 
dications are that the legislature will 
be an unusually strong one. 

The eleventh annual forestry 
conference under the auspices of 
the Society for the Protection of 
New Hampshire Forests, in co- 
operation with the New Hampshire 
Forestry Commission, was held on 
August 29-31, at the Keene Normal 
School and was largely attended. 
The influence of the Society, under 
the presidency, first of the late Gov- 
ernor Rollins, and more lately of 
Allen Hollis, Esq., and under the 
skillful executive guidance of Philip 
W. Ayres, has been of inestimable 
value in the way of education. To 
it is due in large measure the en- 
lightened public opinion which has 
made our forestry laws and our 
state department of forestry things 
of real vitality. 

The attendance at the conference 
was large, and the interest unflag- 
ging. Many came, as usual, from 
without the state, most prominent 
among whom was Colonel William 
B. Greeley, Chief of the United 
States Forestry Service. Of prime 
interest was the discussion on the 
second day of the subject of forest 
taxation. State Forester John H. 
Foster presided, and Harris A. 
Reynolds, Secretary of the Massa- 
chusetts Forestry Association, ex- 
plained the new law which has recent- 
ly gone into effect in his common- 
welath. In the general discussion. 
Governor Brown and former Gov- 
ernor Bass joined, while the view- 
point of the practical lumberman 
was voiced by S. F. Langdell. 
There seemed to be a pretty gen- 
eral agreement, that if our forests 
are to be maintained as a perma- 
nent valuable resource of the 
state, some change in taxation is 



386 



THE GRANITE MONTHLY 



necessary. Just how this may be 
done is nor a matter of agreement; 
certainly full relief is apparently 
impossible without constitutional 
amendment, and, even granted 
that, great care will be necessary, 
as Governor Brown remarked, to 
relieve timberlands without un- 
duly burdening the heavily tim- 
bered towns. The problem is not 
beyond solution, however. once 
the need be clearly recognized. 
Such activities as the forestry con- 
ference are going to be of great 
value in working out an enlight- 
ened system. 

The success of this year's con- 
ference was due in no small part 
to the cordial co-operation of Di- 
rector Mason of the Normal school 
and of the well-known civic spirit 
of Keene as expressed by the 
Chamber of Commerce and a com- 
mittee of arrangements, headed by 
the mayor, the Honorable Orville 
E. Cain. 



Another and even more important 
discussion of the question of state 
taxation was that held on September 
14 by the newly organized New 
Hampshire Civic Association at the 
State College at Durham. President 
Hetzel presided and there was an at- 
tendance of about one hundred rep- 
resentative men from all parts of the 
state including three former gover- 
nors, a justice of the Superior Court, 
the secretary of the Tax Commission 
and other public officials, representa- 
tives of the lumbermen, farmers, 
bankers and business men, clergy- 
men, teachers and lawyers. 

The discussion was opened by 
former Governor Bass and Fletcher 
Hale, secretary of the Tax Commis- 
sion, after which the conference re- 
solved itself into a discussion of the 



specific problems represented by in- 
tangibles and growing timber. 

There was practically unanimous 
agreement that the tax situation in 
New Hampshire is critical and that 
it is desirable to find some way to tax 
intangibles and so to change the sys- 
tem of timber taxation as to encour- 
age growth to maturity. The need of 
economy and of making every dollar 
of revenue do the work of a dollar 
was also emphasized. 

There was a long discussion as to 
the scope of constitutional amend- 
ments needed to bring about the ends 
desired. All shades of opinion were 
expressed, ranging from the view 
that no amendment was necessary to 
advocation by a considerable number 
of such an amendment as would 
throw the whole subject of taxation 
wide open to the legislature, so that 
it might frame a taxation system 
which should be elastic and suscepti- 
ble of prompt change to meet new 
conditions. 

It was voted to authorize the ex- 
ecutive committee to select two com- 
mittees of five each to consider the 
two problems of intangibles and tim- 
ber and . to report to a later meeting 
a plan for legislative action. 

On the same day of the meeting at 
Durham a session of no less impor- 
tance was held at Manchester. This 
was the first of a series of hearings 
by the commissioners recently ap- 
pointed by Governor Brown to repre- 
sent New Hampshire in the New 
England conference relative to rail- 
road organization. The future of the 
railroads in this section will hardly 
have less influence on the prosperity 
of New Hampshire than will the sys- 
tem of taxation. 

Further hearings have been ill at- 
tended. New Hampshire's citizens 
should awake promptly to the seri- 
ousness of this problem. 



EDITORIAL 



3$>? 



A friend of The Granite Monthly 
living- in Concord offers th rough the 
Granite Monthly a prize for the best 
prose essay contributed by an un- 
dergraduate of any New Hampshire 
High School (including junior High) 
he fore April 1, 1923. 

A first prize of $15.00 and a second 
prize of $10.00 will be awarded, and 
the prize-winning essay will be pub- 
lished in the magazine. The editor 
of the magazine will reserve the 
right to publish any manuscript sub- 
mitted which is considered deserving 
of special mention even though it 
does not win a prize. 

The following will be the conditions 
of the competition : 

1. All manuscripts must be re- 
ceived by the Granite Monthly, Con- 
cord, New Hampshire, on or before 
April 1, 1923. 

2. No manuscript is to exceed 
1,500 words in length. 

3. No manuscript will be consid- 
ered unless clearly written on one 
side only of the paper. 

4. The subject of the essay may 



be chosen by the writer, with the 
restriction that it must have to do 
with the author's personal observa- 
tion of the men, women and things 
about him. Historical and biographi- 
cal papers and literary criticisms will 
not be considered. The object of the 
competition is to test the ability of 
the High School students to observe, 
to think and to express their thoughts 
clearly in good English, 

5. The essay must not be correct- 
ed or revised by any other hand than 
the author's. Except for this, it 
does not matter whether the essay is 
written as a part of the school work 
or otherwise. 

6. The manuscript should not 
bear the name of the author. The 
title of the essay and the author's 
name should be placed upon a sepa- 
rate sheet of paper, to which should 
be appended a statement of the prin- 
cipal of the school that the author 
is an undergraduate student of his 
school. 

The names of the judges will be 
announced at a later time. 



SOLITUDE 

By Helcne Mullms. 

In the cool night I wander, 

Dreaming 

Of someone who loves me. 

Someone who loves me 

More than I love white birches 

Glimmering in the moonlight. 

More than I love 

The night's naked silence. 

Someone whom I can hurt 

More than white birches 

Glimmering in the moonlight, 

Or the night's naked silence 

Can hurt me 



:?&§> 



BOOKS OF NEW HAMPSHIRE INTEREST 



Polly the Pagan: Her Lost 
Love Letters, bv Isabel Anderson. 
The Page Company, $1.90. 

Mrs. Anderson, hitherto known 
for The Spell of Belgium and simi- 
lar travel books, here makes her first 
venture into fiction. She has, how- 
ever, retained the background of 
travel, and often the love letters drop 
into vivid thumb-nail sketches of 
Italian scenes. Her treatment of 
such passages, needless to say, is 
charming. 

Polly is a "peppy" American girl 
on a European tour. At Rome she 
flirts outrageously with an Italian of- 
ficer, a Spanish marquis, an Ameri- 
can secretary of legation and a mys- 
terious Russian prince, thus starting 
a series of cross purposes which 
sustain interest to the end. The 
story is developed cleverly by means 
of extracts from Polly's journal and 
correspondence. The progress of 
the heroine from gay and thought- 



less flirtations at hurdle- jumping 
carnival dances, and the like, to a 
settled and very sweet love is most 
deftly handled. 

There is an appreciative foreword 
by Basil King. The publisher has 
given the book an attractive dress. 



The Romance of New England 
Rooftress, by Mary Caroline Craw- 
ford. The Page Company, $2.50. 

Originally published a score of 
years ago, this well-written descrip- 
tion of two dozen famous old houses 
is now issued in a new edition. Pack- 
ed into its nearly four hundred pages 
is a wealth of historic interest. The 
tourist will find it a valuable guide- 
book, and to the fireside reader, it 
will furnish many a pleasant half 
hour. It is a book which will add 
to any library. There are more than 
thirty excellent illustrations. 



A SONG TO PASS AWAY THE 
EVENING 

By Hclenc Mull ins. 

Your face is old. .old, 

My Beloved, 

I have known it too long.... 

I would sell it, I think, 

To a peddlar, 

For a bit of a song. 



And then I would lie 

In the grass, 

And. .perhaps. . fall asleep, 

And because of remorse 

For my folly, 

I would weep .... I would weep , 



3* c / 



NEW HAMPSHIRE NECROLOGY 

HON. ROSEA W. PARKER. profession; he pursued a partial course 



Hose a Washing-ton Parker, born 
Lempster, May 30, 1833, died in Clare 
mont, August 21, VM2. 

Mr. Parker was the son of Benjamin 
and Olive (Nichols) Parker. The son 
of a farmer, he was rearer! to a ' life of 
industry, such as characterized the life 
of most Nov.- England farmers' sons of 
his day, and which gave him the mea- 
sure of physical health and vigor essen- 



at Tufts College, and then entered the 
in office of Hon. Edmund Burke of New- 



port, the most distinguished lawyer of 
his day in that part of the State as a 
student at law, meanwhile teaching 
school in the winter season, as he had 
done for some time previously, as a 
means of earning money to meet his 
expenses. 

Retaining his legal residence in Lemp- 
ster while pursuing his studies, Mr. 



• 



s 



^JMLi^,. 



•"'■>-■/*"-•.:■ ;>: ...;..'..;.•'•:•;.■.. -Ai:;i» ; i-j-^?:Li-^ : -:' ;: -^ 



Hosea W. Parker 



tial to success in any calling. At the 
same time he developed an ambition for 
service in a field of effort where the 
strong menial powers, with which he 
had been endowed, might have full play. 
He made the best of such advantages 
for education as the brief terms of dis- 
trict school afforded in boyhood, and 
subsequently attended Tubbs Union 
Academy in Washington, New Hamp- 
shire, and the Green Mountain Liberal 
Institute at South Woodstock, Vermont. 
Having determined to enter the legal 



Parker served that town as its Superin- 
tending School Committee in 1857-8, 
and was its representative in the State 
legislature in 1859 and 1860, being un- 
questionably, the oldest survivor of that 
body, in date of service at the time of 
his decease, as he was the oldest lawyer 
in the State. 

In the autumn of 1860, having been 
admitted to the bar in the previous year, 
he opened an office and commenced the 
practise of law in the town of Clare- 
mont, which he continued until the 



3^0 



THE GRANITE MONTHLY 



time of his death, or until failing health 
a few months previous, compelled re- 
tirement. 

A Democrat in politics, located as he 
was in a strong' Republican town and 
county, Mr. Parker enjoyed little oppor- 
tunity for public political service, nor 
did he aspire to the same, preferring 
the. steady pursuit of his profession, in 
which he soon took high rank; but he 
took strong interest, nevertheless, in the 
cause of his party, to whose principles 
he was devotedly attached, and served 
it faithfully, as opportunity offered, in 
its conventions, upon its state commit- 
tee for many years, in no less than 
three National Conventions, and on the 
stump in many campaigns. 

In 1871 he was the candidate of the 
Democratic party for Representative in 
Congress in the old Third District, the 
Rupublican candidate being that dis- 
tinguished soldier, Gen. Simon G. Grif- 
fin of Keene. Although the district was 
normally Republican by a good majori- 
ty and had never elected a Democrat 
since the Republican part}- came into 
existence, Mr. Parker was elected by a 
substantial plurality, and served so ef- 
ficiently that he was re-elected in 1873, 
and completed the two terms then gen- 
erally the extent of service accorded a 
New Hampshire Congressman. It was 
during his second term that the sewing 
machine monopoly, whose important pa- 
tents were about expiring, put up its 
great fight for the extension of those 
patents. Mr. Parker was a member of 
the House Committee on Patents, and 
it was through his vote and influence 
in the Committee that ah adverse report 
was made, and the monopoly defeated 
in the House. 

At the close of the forty-second Con- 
gress Mr. Parker returned home, ana 1 
resumed his legal practice, which had 
been interrupted by his absence during 
the several sessions, following the same 
closely through the balance of his long 
life; but never neglecting the duties of 
citizenship, which appealed to him no 
less strongly than those of his profes- 
sion. He took an active interest in 
everything pertaining to the welfare of 
the community, and was particularly ac- 
tive in furthering the cause of educa- 
tion. It was mainly througu his efforts 
that the bequest of the late Paran 
Stevens for the establishment of a high 
school in Claremont was made available. 
He served for a long series of years as 
a member of the board of trustees of the 
school, and had been for more than a 
generation moderator of the school 
meeting, as well as town auditor, and 



legal conscl. He was universally recog- 
nized as the town's "first citizen," and 
his judgment was ever sought, upon all 
measures and projects of public con- 
cern, and almost always followed. 

In business affairs he was also active. 
He was for many years, and up to the 
time of his death, president _of the 
Woodsutn Steamboat Company, oper- 
ating steamers on Lake Sunapee, was 
president of the People's National Bank 
of Claremont, and long a trustee of 
Tufts College, serving for some time as 
president of the board. He was also 
prominent in the Masonic order and 
had served for twenty-one years as Em- 
inent Commander of Sullivan Com- 
mandery. Knights Templar. 

In religion Mr. Parker was a life- 
long Universalis! and had been for 
many years the most eminent layman of 
the denomination in the country. He 
was a lay reader in the little church at 
East Lempster, in youth, and for more 
than sixty years the leading spirit in 
the Universalist church at Claremont and 
superintendent of its Sunday School. 
He was for many years president of the 
Universalist Sunday School Conven- 
tion; served for two terms as president 
of the General Convention of the United 
States and Canada, and had been for 
the last sixteen years president of the 
New Hampshire Convention of Univer- 
salist churches and, ex-ofhcio, chairman 
of its Executive Board, his last service 
in the capacity having been at the 
meeting of the board in Concord last 
May. 

Mr. Parker presided at the last great 
legislative reunion in New Hampshire, in 
connection with the one hundred and 
fiftieth anniversary celebration of the 
charter of Concord, and also served as 
temporary chairman of the last Con- 
stitutional Convenion, in which he was 
a delegate and a member of the Legisla- 
tive Committee. He had been for the 
last seventeen years president 'of the 
Sullivan County bar, by which he was 
honored with a complimentary dinner, 
on the occasion of his eightieth birth- 
day anniversary, at the Hotel Claremont. 
In 1883 Tufts College conferred upon 
him the honorary degree of A. M., and 
in 1912 that of LL. D. 

May 30, 1861, he was united in mar- 
riage with Caroline Louisa Southgate, 
of Bridge water, Vt., w r ho died Septem- 
ber 14, 1904. He is survived by a 
daughter, Elizabeth S., wife of Rev. Lee 
S. McColiester, D. D., Chaplain of /Tufts 
College and Dean of the Crane Divinity 
School; one grandson, Parker IvIcCol- 
lester, assistant counsel of the New 



NEW HAMPSHIRE NECROLOGY 



3 ( ~M 



York Centra! Railroad; one grand- 



daughter 



t atherme 



wir< 



of Hue! 



Gallaber of New York, and one brother. 
Hiram Parker of Penacook. now ninety- 
two years of age. 

H. H. M, 



DR. GEORGE COOK 

Doctor George -Cook, distinguished 
physician, surgeon, and nationally known 
fraternity man, and a life long resident 
of Concord, died there August 31 after a 
long and serious illness. He was born 
at Dover, N. H.. November 16, 1848, 
and was the son* of Solomon and Susan 
(Hayes) Cook. After receiving his 
early education at Franklin, Concord 
High School. University of Vermont 
Medical College, and Dartmouth Medical 
College, he commenced the practice of 
medicine at Henniker, and in 1875 re- 
moved to Concord, where he resided up 
to the time of his death. 

In addition to hi? medical duties. Doc- 
tor Cook found time to devote consid- 
erable attention to church work, and for 
thirty years was vestryman in St. Paul's 
Church of Concord. During the early 
part of his career he was also superin- 
tendent of schools in Hillsborough, 
where he practiced medicine for a time. 
He was an ardent and enthusiastic 
Greek letter fraternity man; and in past 
years had made many trips over the 
United States for the Alpha Kappa Kap- 
pa Society, of which he was grand 
president. During the World War he 
was a member of the New Hampshire 
draft board. 

He served as city physician of Con- 
cord from 1878 to 1S84, was inspector 
of the State Board of Health in 1885, 
assistant surgeon in the New Hamp- 
shire Niational Guard in 1879. surgeon 
in 1882. medical director in 1884, and 
surgeon general in 1893-1894. He was 
United States pension examining sur- 
geon from 1889 to 1S93, a member of 
the Margaret Pillsbury hospital staff, 
president of the state medical examin- 
ing and registration board since 1897, 
past president of the New Hampshire 
Medical Society, major and chief sur- 
geon of the First Division, Second Army 
Corps of the United States Volunteers 
of the Spanish American War, a mem- 
ber of the New. Hampshire Historical 
Society, of the Odd Fellows and Sons 
of Veterans. He was also a member of 
the Military Surgeons of the United 
States, and a member of the American 
Medical Society. 

A willing helper in the time of need, 
and of a lovable disposition, Doctor Cook 



is mourned by a wide circle of friends. 
He is survived by two sisters and one 
brother, Mrs. John H. Currier of Con- 
cord. Mrs. W. H. Jenness of Rosendale. 
Mass.. and William H. Cook of Cam- 
bridge. Mass. 



GEORGE C. HAZELTON 
George C. Hazelton, orator and au- 
thor, was born January 3. 1833, in Ches- 
ter, and died at his summer home on 
Walnut Hill in that town September 4. 
He was a graduate oi Pinkcrton Acad- 
emy Derry of which he was one of the 
oldest alumni, and was also a graduate 
of Union College. Fie was a member 
of the Wisconsin state legislature and 
was president pro tern of that house. 
For three_ terms he had served as a 
member of Congress from Wisconsin, 
and had been United States district at- 
torney. A Republican in politics. he 
had been on the stump for every Re- 
publican presidential candidate for the 
past sixty years, and was a member of 
the Chicago convention that nominated 
Lincoln for the presidency. For the 
past thirty years he has been a practis- 
ing attorney in Washington, D. O, 
where he was legal advisor for several 
South American countries. 

Although advanced in years, Mr. 
Hazelton still retained those pleasing 
qualities which made him always much 
sought after as an orator, and he was 
the principal speaker at the exercises 
when the town of Chester celebrated its 
200th anniversary August twenty-eighth 
last. Always deeply interested i.n the 
activities of his native town, where he 
had been an annual visitor, he had 
found time in the midst of a very busy 
career to compile and edit a history of 
the -soldiers' monument at Chester. 

He is survived by a son, John H. 
Hazelton, and three grandchildren. 



JOSEPH MADDEN 

Joseph Madden, prominent New 
Hampshire attornev, was born in Cen- 
tral Bridge, New York, July 1, 1866. the 
son of Thomas and Honora (Cain) 
Madden. After receiving his early ed- 
ucation, in the "public, schools of Keene. 
he studied law in the offices of Don II . 
Woodward of that city, and was admit- 
ted to. the New Hampshire bar in 1889. 
For several years he was associated 
with the late Judge Parsons of Cole- 
brook. Later he established himself in 
Keene, where he died Sept. 2. 

An attorney of marked ability, Mr. 



MT2 



THE GRANITE MONTHLY 



Madden was admitted to practice be- 
fore the federal court and the United 
States Supreme Court, and was promi- 
nent in many important cases tried be- 
fore those tribunals. He was a mem- 
ber of the American Bar. Association, 
in 1921 was elected president of the New- 
Hampshire Bar Association, and for 
many years was president of the Ches- 
hire County Bar Association. In 1907 
and 191:1 he served as Democratic rep- 
resentative in the State Legislature, and 
this year was a Republican candidate for 
the same position. He served also in 
the Constitutional Conventions of 1901 
and 1921. At the time of bis death he 
was chairman of the divorce commis- 
sion, and had only recently returned 
from Europe where he had gone to in- 



vestigate conditions for the purpose of 
comparing them with those existing in 
this country. 

Mr. Madden was affiliated with many 
social and fraternal organizations, being 
a member of the Kecne Council Knights 
of Columbus. the Foresters, and the 
Kcene Aerie of Eagles. From 1911 to 
1915 served as captain of Company G, 
of the New Hampshire National Guard. 

In 1894 he married Eugenie Chalis- 
four. who survives him, as do four 
brothers, Nicholas Madden of Chicago, 
Thomas Madden of Vv T orcester, John 
Madden of Pittsburg, Mass., and 
Charles A. Madden of c Keene, and two 
sisters, Mrs. Frank Burnham of Nashua 
and Mrs. Annie Belcher of Manches- 
ter, Mass. 



RETROSPECTION 

By Ethel Deris Nelson. 

They were beautiful days, 
Those days of the past 
But we hurried them on, 

You and I. 
We knew not nor cared 
The pleasures they brought ; 
We lived for the days 

By and by. 

It was a beautiful life, 
The youth that was ours, 
But we heeded it not, 

You and I. 
We left all its sweetness, 
Its freshness and joy,- 
While we sought for the days 

By and by. 



'Twas a beautiful life, 

The past that was ours, 

And the wealth of its knowledge 

We've gained. 
Let us share it with those 
Who knew not its worth, 
And live in its pleasures 

Again. 



: " ■' I ' ■ ■ 






■r,J , * , ■, 



New ; ; 







IN THIS ISSUE: 

i ERINGTX)K A D AxWTON FALLS 200th 

AN APPRECIATION OF F. B. SANBORN 

ABBOTT II. THAYER MEMORIAL 



GRANITE MONTHLY COMPANY 

CONCORD, M, H. 



I Thfa Number, 20 Cents 
I 



S2.0O a 1 i ■ 



Entered at the 6ost-bffic4s at Concord, X. II., a? second-class mail 



3%1- 3<*4 



'■ 






■ 



'.«■* 



■ ■'■■ '■■ .. =§f/ 



Winter Sunrise on Monadnock 

By Abbott IT. Thayer. 

Courtesy of The Metropolitan Museum qF Art 



3«K 



MONTHI 



_ 



Vol. LIV. NOVEMBER. 1922 

MEMORIAL EXHIBITION 

ABBOTT H. THAYER 

By Alice Dinsmoor 



No. 11. 



''Now, gentlemen take off your 
hats !" This was the introduction 
given by William M. Chase to a 
painting of Abbott H. Thayer's 
brought for exhibition at the Society 
of American Artists in New York, 
when really great works were hung 
there — when Inness, LaFarge, Ved- 
der, Winslow Homer and their con- 
temporaries were forming a school of 
distinctive American Art. 

And ever since, men have kept 
their hats ofY to Thayer's work. 
Born in Boston in 1849. a student in 
New York and in Paris, resident in 
Peekskill and New York, his latest 
and most loved home was in Dublin. 
New Hampshire, where he died last 
May. 

Soon after Iris death, a committee 
of artists and friends, including also 
his son, Gerald, were asked by the 
trustees of the Metropolitan Museum 
of New York to bring together there 
a collection of his pictures, as a me- 
morial exhibition. Accordingly sev- 
enty-eight paintings have been ar- 
ranged in one of the galleries, and in 
a smaller room near some represen- 
tative drawings. Thayer's intimate 
friend and the most discriminating- 
art crtic we have, Mr. Royal Cor- 
tissoz, has written the introduction 
to the catalogue. 

With him as authority I am in no 
danger of straying from the truth in 
any statements I may make about the 
artist or his work. 

As a boy and a student at the 
Academy in New York, Thayer 
painted dogs and horses and the 



dwellers in the '''Zoo." Daring his 
four years of study in Paris he 
gained in his ability to draw, but 
Gerome, in whose studio he worked, 
apparently left no impress upon him, 
though the discipline of his atelier 
was beneficial. 

By 1.887, Thayer began to paint 
flowers, landscapes and pictures, 
sometimes portraits of women and 
children. Intense lover of Nature 
and of beauty in the human face and 
form, his brush never failed to re- 
spond to their charm. It is impos- 
sible to imagine him as putting on 
canvas a repulsive object or scene. 

Let us walk about the gallery just 
now sacred to Thayer's work. At 
the right on entering we find his 
"Winter Sunrise on Monodnock." 
owned by the Metropolitan. A pur- 
ple haze lies over the mountain, its 
topmost ridge just touched with the 
rosy glow of the rising sun. Row 
upon row. the massive evergreens 
climb the side, rising from "a 
roughly generalized foreground" 
reminding one of Corot. Mr. Cor- 
tissoz says of this picture, "This 
is one of the greatest landscapes 
ever painted in America or any- 
where else — a personal impression 
of nature." 

A little beyond it, is a later pic- 
ture of the same subject, which is 
to me yet more impressively beau- 
tiful. The sun has risen a little 
higher, not only lighting the top- 
most snowy heights but also throw- 
ing a dark, rich glow over the bare 
.shoulder of the mountain. This 



396 



THE GRANITE MONTHLY 



canvas, painted in 1919, belongs to 
the Thayef estate. I should sup- 
pose that the Corcoran or some of 
the other great art museums of 
our country would add tins treas- 
ure to their collections. 

With it should also go the ma- 
jestic "Monad nock Angei" — his last 
picture and unfinished,, but elo- 
quent. The Angel, a Hie size 
woman's form with dark hair and 
round, girlish face, in a loose white 
robe such as Thayer loved to put 
about his figures, stands With 
spread wings and outstretched, half 
beckoning hands, on the mountain 
side, partly among the evergreens. 
It is as if Thayer had said to him- 
self, 'T will not leave my beloved 
mountain until I have bequeathed 
to her an angel form that shall ever 
bid nature-lovers to her shrine." 

At the opposite end of the room 
is his "Cantas," familiar to all fre- 
quenters of the Boston Museum 
of Fine Arts. A great pleasure 
indeed it is to see the majestic, 
statuesque figure and the lovely 
children beside her, here in New 
York. Near this hangs a three- 
quarters portrait of Alice Freeman 
Palmer, the early president of 
Wellesley College, lent by that in- 
stitution. The shy wistfulness 
that those who knew that strong, 
noble woman never failed to find 
in her face, is there. Close by is one 
of the artist's most beautiful an- 
gels—the property of Smith Col- 
lege. She has laid one wing 
against a cloud, and resting her 
head upon it, has fallen asleep. 
The face is girlish and lovely. 

For several of the pictures, his 
own children have served as models. 
Notable among them there is the 



"Virgin Enthroned" one of his larg- 
est canvases and owned by his ar- 
dent admirer, Mr. John Gellatly, 
"The Young Woman in the Fur 
Coat" and "Lady in Green Vel- 
vet" have the splendid virility 
that we associate with Renbrandt 
and Leonardo. The "Boy and the 
Angel," painted between 1917 and 
1920, Thayer himself was inclined 
to consider his best work. The 
Boy of perhaps ten years stands 
close in front of a strong, master- 
ful angel, whose one hand is bent 
protecting]}' toward him, while the 
other, raised high above him, points 
forward. 

The history of the "Figure half- 
draped" is as romantic as it is 
strange. "Painted' in New York 
City in the 80's it was unearthed 
in some old box of canvases and 
forgotten sketches in the barn at 
the artist's home at Monadnock, 
New Hampshire, in the summer of 
1920. No one apparently of the ar- 
tist's family had remembered its 
existence during these thirty years 
or more, and it would seem that the 
artist himself had lost track of it." 
It is "lent anonymously," and I am 
told was sold for a higher price 
than had ever been paid for a 
painting by an American. 

The woods and the flowers and 
the winds, especially as they are 
associated with his beloved Monad- 
nock, were inseparably a part of 
Thayer's very being, and so it was 
most fitting that when "the earthly 
home of his tabernacle" had been re- 
duced to ashes, they should be scat- 
tered on that mountain top to be 
guarded by the angels of the moun- 
tain and the clouds, 



FRANKLIN '&. SANBORN 

AN APPRECIATION 



Bv Harold D. Car en 



3\7 



Franklin B. Sanborn, last of the 
abolitionists, disciple of Emerson, 
counsellor of John Brown, friend 
and biographer of these two cru- 
saders and their contemporaries, 
Higginson, Longfellow. Thoreau, 
Charming, Bronson Alcott, Wen- 
dell Phillips, Theodore Parker and 
Hawthorne, was perhaps Hampton 
Falls' most illustrious son; and this 
year, when that little New Hamp- 
shire town is celebrating its two 
hundredth anniversary, it is timely 
to record something of the man 
whose career as a patriot, historian, 
publicist, and biographer gave him 
world-wide distinction. 

Frank Sanborn was essentially a 
radical, a soldier of the common 
good. He played many parts dur- 
ing his more than eighty-five years, 
and each part he played well. His 
death on February 24, 1917, marked 
the closing of a remarkable life 
such as is given to few men. It 
is perhaps too early to make a crit- 
ical estimate of his work, although 
his influence on three generations 
was very great. It is a singularly 
remarkable fact and one worth re- 
cording that with his advancing 
years, when most men's literary 
output diminishes and their activity 
in current affairs become lessened, 
Sanborn maintained his Volumi- 
nous production with the same vig- 
orous bouyancy - that marked his 
earlier years. He was a veritable 
storehouse of knowledge, with wide 
experience covering the greater 
part of one century and no incon- 
siderable part of the present one. 
It is unthinkable that a man who 
molded his opinions under the in- 
fluences of such a remote period as 
the 1850's and who was a leading 



participant in the anti-slavery 
movement, could have kept abreast 
of the times not only as a student 
but as a leader and a teacher of mod- 
ern democratic ideals. But this he 
did up to yesterday, as it were, 
championing what he believed 
right and opposing what he thought 
wrong; writing a spirited defence 
of this and caustic criticism of that; 
supporting this movement with all 
the passionate fire of his forceful 
and attractive intellect and directing 
with unrestricted vigor the shafts 
of harsh condemnation against what 
he considered mistaken ideals and 
false standards. 

Born in Hampton Falls, New 
Hampshire, on the last day of the 
the year 1831. the years of his 
youth became intimately associated 
with the little town of Peterbor- 
ough — an association whose spirit- 
ual influence for more than sixty 
years gave Peterborough the en- 
during dignity of a shrine. This 
interest was the memory of a ro- 
mance shattered into tragedy under 
circumstances at once the most 
poignant and pathetic. I In his 
"Recollections of Seventy Years," 
written when he was seventy-five, 
he chronicles the story of his meet- 
ing with Miss Ariana Smith Walker 
of Peterborough in the little church 
at Hampton Falls one Sunday 
morning; of his subsequent visits 
to the Walker home, of the court- 
ship that followed, and of the hur- 
ried marriage that took place when 
her approaching end was only a 
matter of days. Sanborn made 
many pilgrimages to Peterborough 
during his lifetime, to "the little 
wood across" and to other scenes 
which he cherished with deep rev- 



398 



THE GRANITE MONTHLY 



era nee and which he describes with 
vivid, sentimental appreciation. My 
repeating the story here is needless 
when he himself has told it so much 
better than I could repeat it. No 
sympathetic insight of mine would 
be comparable to the tribute he 
weaves round the reality and the 
memory. 

II 

, A.s a publicist Sanborn was pre- 
eminently a leader, an authority 
who spared no one for the sake of 
nicety of expression. A hater of 
sham and hypocrisy, he had no use 
for the social and political dema- 
gogue. He had an almost uncanny 
ability to forecast political events. 
I recall a notable instance, in Feb- 
ruary, 1912, when Roosevelt had 
announced his hat was in the ring 
for the presidential nomination, he 
prophesied to me the outcovie of the 
feud between T. R. and Taft. He 
likened Roosevelt to President Bu- 
chanan, who divided the Demo- 
cratic party in 1860, and declared 
that if the Oyster Bay statesman, 
whose political life Sanborn con- 
sidered then at stake, did not re- 
ceive the Republican nomination at 
Chicago, he would not submit to de- 
feat, but would straightway pro- 
ceed to organize a third party. 
That was four months before the 
memorable cry of fraud went up 
in the convention hall. What San- 
born told me was printed as an in- 
terview in a Boston newspaper. 
His opinion was widely heralded 
throughout the country, though his 
dislike for Roosevelt w r as generally 
understood; and in the light of 
events that followed, this prophecy 
serves to indicate the accuracy of 
his political predilections. 

I have said that Frank Sanborn 
was a radical. He was a radical in 
the sense of being unconventional. 
I have said that he was a hater of 
sham and hypocrisy. The very 
foundation of his social philosophy 



precluded his being otherwise. 
The only aristocracy he recognized 
is the aristocracy of intellect. He 
was a keen and critical analyst, ca- 
pable of understanding the motives 
that move men, quick to detect 
superficial traits and shallow pre- 
tense- Intuitively he perceived 
cause and effect with sweeping pre- 
cision, and through his long life he 
never lost the spirit of radicalism 
born of freedom. It was the radi- 
cal spirit which made him an agi- 
tator and led him into that coura- 
geous circle headed by Wendell 
Phillips. 

The year 1835 witnessed the mob- 
bing of William Lloyd Garrison in 
the streets of Boston by slavery 
sympathizers. Abolition was then 
in general disfavor except with a 
little knot of agitators here and 
there, and anyone known to be 
in sympathy with the movement 
was .socially and politically ostra- 
cized. That same year, Phillips, 
just admitted to practice as an at- 
torney in Massachusetts, had seen 
the mobbing of the friendless edi- 
tor. Soon after he threw himself 
into the cause with all the ardor 
and sincerity of youthful .convic- 
tion. Seventeen years later, when 
Sanborn arrived to participate in the 
struggle, Phillips and his co-work- 
ers were yet regarded as danger- 
ous radicals. 

Sanborn must have counted well 
the cost, but his radicalism born 
of freedom urged him into the 
w-ork on the side of righteousness. 
Public opinion had not yet crystal- 
lized against slavery, and conserva- 
tive business interests exercised 
complete mastery over the situa- 
tion, giving of their time and in- 
fluence and money to repel these 
crusaders for equal rights. 

Sanborn was secretary of the 
Massachusetts Kansas Committee 
during the dark days of border 
ruffianism and bloodshed when 
Kansas Territorv was the center 



FRANKLIN 13. SANBORN 



399 



of the struggle between the forces 
of anti-slavery settlers and South- 
erners who wished to save the ter- 
ritory to slavery. To his office in 
the Niles Building in Boston came 
John Brown one day, and of this 
first meeting Sanborn says: "I was 
sitting in my ofnee one day it? 1857 
when Brown entered and handed 
me a letter from my brother-in-law, 
George Walker, of Springfield. He 
had known Brown as a neighbor 
and a borrower of bank loans while 
carrying on a large business as a 

wool dealer He (Brown) 

was profound in his thinking and 
had formed his opinions rather by 
observation than by reading, though 
well versed in a few books, chiefly 
the Bible." Sanborn possessed a 
keen insight which at once aided 
him in understanding Brown's mo- 
tives and ideals. Of Brown he 
further records: "He saw with un- 
usual clearness the mischievous re- 
lation to republican institutions of 
Negro slavery, and made up his 
fixed mind that it must be abol- 
ished not merely, or even mostly, 
for the relief of the slaves, but for 
the restoration of the Republic to 
its original ideal." 

Brown was entertained at San- 
born's house in Concord, Massa- 
chusetts, during his visits to New 
England to raise money for the de- 
fense of "bleeding Kansas," and 
Sanborn, though having no knowl- 
edge of the old captain's plans, aid- 
ed indirectly in the plans for the 
Harper's Ferry raid which lighted 
the fires of civil war. Indeed, it 
was the finding on Brown's person 
of letters written by Sanborn which 
caused the issuance of a summons 
for Sanborn to appear before the 
United States Senate to tell what 
he knew of the event which ended 
so disastrously for the captain. A 
record of this brief but loyal friend- 
ship which terminated with the ex- 
ecution of Brown at Charlestown, 
Virginia, on December 2, 1859, is 



made both in his biography and in 
his "Recollections.". 

John Brown's heroic figure has 
taken its place in history, and time 
has removed him sufficiently from 
our day to enable us to judge his 
worth and influence fairly. Contem- 
porary judgment is not usually un- 
biased but there are those who have 
the vision to determine aforetime 
what the estimate of other times 
will be. This is particularly true 
in the case of John Brown. 

Ill 

Sanborn's friendship for Brown 
"led to unexpected and most im- 
portant results." as he himself has 
recorded. Those unexpected re- 
sults were his complicity, indirect- 
ly, in the plans for the foray on 
Harper's Ferry — the event which 
definitely served notice on the 
slaveholders that slavery in free 
territory would be repulsed by con- 
flict ; his subsequent summons to 
Washington, and, later, the order 
that he be arrested and brought 
before the United States Senate to 
tell what he knew of "Brown's 
treason ;" and Sanborn's sensational 
escape into Canada upon advice of 
his counsel, John A. Andrew, who 
later was to become the war gov- 
ernor of Massachusetts. 

"I have met many men and 
women of eminent character and 
of various genius and talents, 
among whom Brown stands by him- 
self-— an occasion for dispute and 
blame as well as for praise and 
song," says Sanborn in his biogra- 
phy of the old captain. "1 belong 
now to a small and fast dwindling 
band of men and women who fifty, 
sixty, and seventy years ago re- 
solved that other persons ought to 
be as free as ourselves. Many of 
this band made sacrifices for the 
cause of freedom — the freedom of 
others, not their own. Some sac- 
rificed their fortunes and their 
lives. One man, rising above the 



400 



THE GRANITE MONTHLY 



rest by a whole head, gave his life, 
his small fortune; his children, his 
reputation — all that was naturally 
dear to him — under conditions 
which have kept him in memory, 
while other victims are forgotten 
or but dimly remembered. John 
Brown fastened the gaze of the 
whole world upon his acts and his 
fate; the speeding years have, not 
lessened the interest of mankind 
in his life and death; and each suc- 
ceeding- generation inquires what 
sort of man he truly was .... What 
more impossible than that a village 
girl of France should lead the 
king's army to victory? — unless 
it were that a sheep farmer and 
wool merchant of Ohio should fore- 
show and rehearse the forcible 
emancipation of four millions of 
American slaves?" 

Sanborn believed with Wendell 
Phillips that the recognition or 
permission of a wrong is "an agree- 
ment with hell;" that a nation, 
like an individual, cannot hope for 
enduring greatness if it lose its 
sense of moral responsibility ; and 
that the claim set up by the slave- 
holding oligarchy that slavery 
was constitutional must be met 
with militant defiance, even by con- 
flict if necessary. This was the 
keynote of his rebellious youth, an 
index of his character throughout 
his career. His early beginning 
as an apostle of freedom, a begin- 
ning which was fraught with great 
personal danger, made him forever 
a staunch defender of human rights. 

Like all men with decided opin- 
ions, and unafraid to pronounce 
them, Sanborn was as thoroughly 
hated by some as he was sincerely 
loved by others. He never hesi- 
tated to say what he thought, was 
blunt and brusque at times, and, 
occasionally, with his peculiar gift 
of phrase, wielded a scathing satire 
almost brutal in its frankness. He 
never, w^hen asked his opinion, 
concealed his thoughts, never equiv- 



ocated for expediency's sake; and 
what we modernly refer to as 
"calling a bluff" he revelled in. A 
born agitator, he had no patience 
with vain pretension, and his con- 
demnation of it cut like a rapier. 
With Voltaire he could say to an 
opponent: "I wholly disapprove of 
what you say and will defend to 
the death your right to say it." 

IV 

Emerson chose Concord for his 
home because of its ancestral asso- 
ciations. Thoreau was born there 
and lived away from the town only 
for a few w r eeks at a time. Bron- 
son Alcott went there to live in 
1840, Hawthorne took up his resi- 
dence in the Old Manse two years 
later, and the next year Ellery 
Chamiing wrote to Emerson why 
he had come all the way from Illi- 
nois:. "I have but one reason for 
settling in America. It is because 
you are there. I not only have no 
preference for any place, but I do 
not know that I should even be able 
to settle upon any place if you were 
not living. I came to Concord 
attracted by you; because your 
mind, your talents, your cultivation, 
are superior to those of any man 
I know, living or dead. I incline to 
go where the man is, or where the 
men are, just as naturally as I 
should sit by the fire in winter. 
The men are the fire in this great 
winter of humanity." 

In December, 1854, Sanborn was 
invited by Emerson to take charge 
of his children as pupils, and in 
March of the next year the young 
Harvard student, not yet finished 
with his own studies, removed to 
Concord and opened a school in 
the village. He welcomed the in- 
vitation, for it gave him a means of 
livelihood and an opportunity to be 
near the poet-philosopher and to 
enjoy the company of Thoreau, 
whom he had met that year in 
Cambridge. The poet-naturalist 



FRANKLIN B. SANBORN 



-101 



had just published "Walden," and 

Sanborn, temporarily editing" one of 
the Harvard magazines, had re- 
viewed the book. Thoreau sought 
out Sanborn when he next went ' to 
Cambridge, but the young reviewer 
being out when his visitor called, 
the two did not meet until nearly 
a year later. From the meeting 
which took place at Concord came. 
a friendship which lasted until 
Thoreau's death in 1862. 

The golden age of Concord liter- 
are davs was, in many respects, 
from 1878 to 188S, the decade dur- 
ing which the School of Philosophy 
was held. The school was in some 
measure a fulfillment of the prom- 
ise of Transcendentalism, for which 
Margaret Fuller and Theodore 
Parker had labored as editors of 
"The Dial," the publication which 
was Emerson's dream of an inter- 
national magazine. The school be- 
came world famous, having at one 
of its sessions, which were held for 
four weeks each summer, as many 
as a hundred students. Although 
the Concord circle had already 
lost Thoreau and Hawthorne, Al- 
cott, Emerson, and Channing took 
active part in its formation. Em- 
erson's death in 1S82 gave the 
following session of the school over 
to studies in Emersonian philos- 
ophy. 

How far reaching have been the 
influences of the school it is im- 
possible to .say, though certainly as 
a forerunner of university summer 
schools and the Chautauqua it 
served to stimulate thought on 
other subjects than philosophy. 
Sanborn's leadership in organizing 
the movement led the other mem- 
bers to choose him secretary of the 
association. 

The first of Concord's brilliant 
group to lay down his pen was 
Thoreau. Two years later (1864) 
Hawthorne died in Plymouth, New 
Hampshire. Sanborn knew Haw- 
thorne less intimately than he did 



the others, for the author of "The 
Scarlet Letter." having received an 
appointment from his old friend and 
classmate, President Pierce as con- 
sul to Liverpool, had left Concord 
early in 1853, and did not return 
until late in June, 1860. Hawthorne 
knew little about politics and cared 
less. Lie took no more than passing 
interest in the social movements of 
the day, and the two found little 
in common. 



In his "Recollections" Sanborn 
tells us that one of his decisions in 
early life was to do his own think- 
ing. "I saw no reason why," he 
wrote, "I should take my opinions 
from the majority or from the culti- 
vated minority— -or from any 
source except my much-considering 
mind." And he stoutly maintained 
this resolution to the last. That is 
why he would neither be gagged 
by convention nor stampeded in- 
to action by popular clamor. He was 
a liberal in politics and in religion, 
and his independence made him a 
detached observer of current events. 
His semi-weekly letters contributed 
for nearly half a century to the 
Springfield Republican were always 
written with refreshing vigor and 
were a source of inspiration to that 
journal's great army of readers in- 
terested in politics and letters. 

Sanborn as a biographer of his 
friends flings away all bookish cul- 
ture and shows the sensitive appre- 
ciation with which he noted every 
utterance, every incident worth re- 
membering, during his years of 
friendship with the men who made 
New England the center of Ameri- 
can literature. Perhaps more than 
anyone else he was better fitted for 
the work. He knew the truth, 
either from their own lips or from 
his personal knowledge of events 
to which he wished to give per- 
manency. From the time of his 
going to Concord he kept an ex- 



402 



THE GRANITE MONTHLY 



acting account in his journal of all 
meetings, conversations, and oc- 
currences, and he placed upon these 
records the stamp of historical ac- 
curacy instead of leaving' them to 
be shaped by the mere guesswork 
of those who were to come after 
him. Events in which lie himself 
had participated are so closely in- 
terrelated to the story he tells that 
we find it the more interesting for 
the personal touch, the intimate un- 
derstanding with which it is told, 
the authority in which it is clothed. 
Sanborn made his biographies 
more than literary reminiscences. 
He lifted his subjects into the realm 
of living memories. Under his 
touch they are not historical char- 



blessed with long 



acters but people very much alive 
to one who studies them ; not 
authors who lived and wrote for a 
reading public a half century ago, 
but teachers imparting wisdom, 
apostles bearing the message of a 
new spiritual philosophy 

Sanborn was 
life and he devoted it to great 
causes. lie was not a great w r riter 
but he was a faithful and pains- 
taking one. His temperament 
was essentially that of the biogra- 
pher, and he became Concord's 
Boswell. Although the fame of his 
friends transcends his own, he 
earned a worthy place for his name 
in the Republic of Letters. 



PROMETHEUS 

By Walter B. JVolfc 

Rosy the snow lies under my ski 
And the sun bronzes my face ; . 

Glittering sapphires on the white slope 
Dare me to race. 



Morning triumphantly rides on the crest 

Sun in the heavens is high ; 
Onlv the valleys are dark far below 
lie. 



Where the fogi 



There men still sleep in darkness and dreams ; 

Somberly reigns there the night ; 
Here on the mountain in splendor there glows 

Celestial light. 

Over the chasm ! Exultant I course 

Swift as the wind, to the west; 
Aura of sunlight and streaming white gold 

Flung from my crest. 



Prometheus am I ! And I ski from the heights 

Down over blinding white snow, 
Bearing the torch of Apollo with me 

To world below, 



Ho3 



HAMPTON FALLS BICENTENNIAL 



Bv Frances Healcy 



August 24, 1922 was such a day as 
belongs to Hampton Falls, misty 
and overcast, with a hint of rain that 
did not fall. A warm day, tempered 
in the afternoon by a fugitive east 
wind that brought into the Town 
Hall a breath of the sea, that sea 
that nearly three hundred years 
before, bore Stephen Bachiler 
and his little company from Old 
England to the New. On this day 
the town celebrated the two hund- 
redth anniversary of the seperation 
of Hampton and Hampton Falls, 
and the folk of the latter town 
stoutly maintaining that theirs is 
the parent. 

The town has always been proud 
of her sons. With the sturdy inde- 
pendence that is the inheritance of 
all New England towns, there has 
been a liberality of mind, a touch of 
statemanship in more than one. and 
these have given the town a certain 
wideness of vision. They built large, 
two-story houses on their well-kept 
farms, and the town has always ex- 
pressed prosperity and thrift. The 
population has fluctuated very little, 
running between five and seven 
hundred in the past two hundred 
years. Farms have changed hands, 
but the owners have worked their 
land as a means of livelihood, which 
has meant that Hampton Falls lias 
always been a town of homes, and 
not of "summer places," and tran- 
sient visitors. - 

Among her famous sons was Na- 
thaniel Weare, who was sent to 
London in 1682 to settle a dispute 
concerning land titles. His grand- 
son, Meshech Weare, Washington's 
friend and the first president of 
New Hampshire, lived here, and his 
house and the monument on the 
Common are our most conspicuous 
landmarks. Frank B. Sanborn, the 
Sage of Concord, was born and 



brought up in the town, one of a 
large and brilliant family. He and 
Warren Brown, progressive farmer 
and politician and author of the ex- 
cellent History of the town, were 
own cousins. Here in the quiet 
beauty of Miss Sarah Abbie Gove's 
house. John G. Whittier visited and 
rested, and here he died. Of the 
next generation, Ralph Adams 
Cram and his brother, William 
Everett Cram, have brought honor 
to the town, and Alice Brown's 
books have immortalized the coun- 
try life of forty years ago. 

For this celebration, committees 
had been appointed and money ap- 
propriated at the Town Meeting in 
March. Walter B. Farmer was 
chairman of the General Committee, 
which included Mrs- Sarah Curtis 
Marston, Airs. Annie Healey 
Dodge, Air. George F. .Merrill and 
Dr. Arthur M. Dodge. Invitations 
were sent to every man and woman 
who claimed residence or ancestors 
here. When the day came, nearly 
every house in town was decorated 
with flags. The helds were empty, 
the front doors locked. All had 
turned toward the Town Hall, 
where the program was to be given. 
Automobiles kept coming all day, in 
the morning for sports and visiting, 
for renewing old friendships. There 
were no outsiders. Everyone be- 
longed here, and seemed akin to all 
the rest. Signs urged each one to 
register. In the lobby, presided 
over by the Reception Committee, 
was the book, given to the town by 
Mrs. Berlin. Page after page was 
filled, over 700 names in all. Bows 
of tri-colored ribbon were given, 
these bows being the tickets of ad- 
mission to the hall for the after- 
noon and evening sessions. W r ith 
the ribbons were the programs de- 
signed by Samuel Emmons Brown. 



404 THE GRAXITP MONTHLY 



f i \ 



The late Warren Brown 
Historian of Hampton Falls. 



They carried out the scheme of the in two large tents pitched near the 

day in their beautiful lettering Library just across the road from 

copied from a book of 1722- the Hall, the Town served luncheon 

There were gain.es and sports for to its guests and its own people, 
those who wanted to see them, and By half past two every seat in the 



HAMPTON FALLS" BICENTENNIAL 



405 



hall was taken and the Selectmen's 
room and the kitchen on either side 
of the entrance were full of stand- 
ing listeners. Music of the outdoor 
band concert drifted in, man)' voices 
hummed, there was a homely, hap- 
py sound of low laughter. Then, 
escorted by members of the Recep- 
tion Committee, the speakers of the 
afternoon climbed the steps to the 
platform. Talking to that audience 
was talking to one's own family. 
There was no alien there. We had 
met to show our pride and love for 
the town, and we found with a sort 
of happy surprise that the town had 
woven us into one fabric, that we 
who were many, were in a very 
deep and real sense, one. Mr. 
Parker, minister of the Baptist 
Church, offered prayer. Mr. Farm- 
er then introduced" the speakers, 
binding together with skill and tact, 
the different addresses. 

Reverend Elvin j. Prescott spoke 
on the history of the - town. He 
emphasized the liberality of the 
fathers, their hearty independence 
both of the Puritan colony at the 
south, and the commercial settle- 
ment at Strawberry Bank. He 
used the church records, the most 
trustworthy source for those early 
days. He was followed by Miss 
Mary Chase, who sang to a justly 
enthusiastic audience. 

The next speaker . was Dr. 
Ralph Adams Cram of Boston and 
Sudbury. Dr. Cram told of his 
pride and lose for his birthplace 
and "fellow-citizens-" He touched 
on the past, saying "Although I hold 
no brief for the unlovely qualities of 
the Puritans, they did develop here 
in New England a certain high 
character that has influenced and to 
a large extent moulded the whole 
country." He sketched the town 
life of forty or fifty years ago when 
all necessities were raised on local 
farms. Wheat and vegetables, 
beef, pigs, sheep for food, wool and 
flax for clothes, candles, soap, shoes, 



dyes, all- these- came from the. land, 
and the householders created from 
their own raw materials the fin- 
ished articles. All that has changed 
with the development of machin- 
ery and the hordes of foreign-born, 
congesting our cities. Mr. Cram 
said a city of over 1CO,OCO is a mis- 
take, and a city of a million is a 
crime. With this increase in the 
size of the cities, and dilution of 
our racial stock, have come differ- 
ent morality and ideas.. Along 
with these economic and social 
changes has come a political 
change. For one reason or another 
the small town has relinquished or 
had taken from it, its earlier pow- 
ers. The town, instead of being 
ruled by its own people, is directed 
by the state or by Washington. 
This political situation is full of 
danger, and already there are signs 
that centralization of authority has 
gone as far as it can, and that a 
new tide of decentralization is set- 
ting in. In this new tide, Dr. Cram 
sees great hope for the future of the 
small town. With responsibility 
and power restored, the town can 
meet its own problems and develop 
as a unit. Transportation diffi- 
culties, manipulation of crops, all 
the dangers of the present intricate 
and perilous economic structure, 
vanish in a self-supporting town. 
Dr. Cram closed by pointing out 
the great opportunity that awaits 
such towns as Hampton Falls, 
where the farms are owned and 
managed by descendants of the 
early settlers, unhampered by the 
assimilation of an alien population. 
The town showed its hearty ap- 
proval and enthusiasm for its dis- 
tinguished townsman by prolonged 
applause. He had touched a chord 
in all hearts, for he had said the 
thing we believed and had longed 
to hear put into words by a man of 
power- It was this note of hope 
and of faith in a living future for 
Hampton Falls that dominated the 



406 



THE GRANITE MONTHLY 



entire day, and to Dr. Cram belongs 
the honor of putting it into words. 

Mrs. Walter B. Farmer read the 
following poem written by another 
famous child of Hampton Falls — 
Alice Brown: 

Hampton Falls 

O pleasant land of held and stream, 

Down-dropping to the sea ! 
No words could weave a dearer dream 

Than your reality. 

The sunbright mists bewitch the air 

Above your bowery grace. 
And fair you are, — but ten times fair 

The veil upon your face 

Of spin-drift, salt, and fragrance blent, 

The ocean's benison. 
Mixed for a moment's ravishment, 

And, with the moment, gone. 

And you are fair when driven snow- 
Lies hollowed, darkly blue, 

And fair when winds of morning blow, 
And drink the morning dew. 

And fair when orchards richly hang 

Beauty on bending trees, 
Become, where late the bluebird sang, 

A bright Hesperides. 

Mirror of England's Midland bloom 
Ribbed with New England rock! 

Our sires, who framed our spacious room, 
That staunch, enduring stock, 

Were not more leal to you than we 

Who love you, — nor forget 
The faiths that kept our fathers free 

Arc yours and England's yet. 

The final address was given by 
Rev. Charles A. Parker. He too 



looked toward the future, and saw 
the town growing in .success as the 
ideals of cooperation grow. Miss 
Frances Healey read a prophecy 
concerning Hampton Falls in 2122 
A. D., and the afternoon meeting 
closed with the singing of America, 
led by Joseph B. Cram. 

For a few hours the Town Hall 
was deserted as duties of farm and 
house and "company" called the 
people home. But at eight o'clock 
every seat was again taken, chairs 
and settees in every available spot 
giving added room. The program 
of the day was given by towns- 
people, that of the evening by dis- 
tinguished guests- No one who 
was there will forget that he has 
heard Arthur Foote play, and the 
town will always remember that 
he helped make the day one that 
the town recalls with pride. Mr. 
Charles T. Grill ey of Boston read 
and was very generous to the en- 
thusiastic audience. Mrs. Alvan T. 
Fuller of Boston and Little Boar's 
Head sang alone and in duets with 
Mr. Charles Bennett of Boston and 
Kensington. Mr. Bennett, accom- 
panied by Mr. Foote, sang two of 
Mr. Foote's own compositions. -"It 
was a wonderful audience to play 
to," one of the artists said. Fit- 
tingly, the celebration closed with 
a dance of the young people, to 
whom the. future belongs. 



MISS HEALEY'S PROPHECY 



The east wind blows in from the sea 
Across the town eternally. 
Two hundred years ago it passed 
Through virgin timber. And the last 
Old house it whispered over then 
Is gone. Has this new age of men 
Built more enduring homes than they, 
Our fathers of an earlier dav? 



HAMPTON FALL'S BICENTENNIAL 407 



What will the east wind blow across 
These coining years ? There will he loss 
Of landmarks known to yon arid me. 
Of all these orchards, scarce a tree 
With roughened, gnarled houghs, will hear 
Apples, where once great orchards were. 
And houses, homes of joys and tears. 
Will be forgot uncounted years. 

Yet dear, quaint names will last. Who can 
Forget Drinkwater Road, and Frying- Pan? 
Or Brimstone Hill, its smoking lid 
Clamped with the starry-pointing pryamid 
Of Holy Church? The Common too. 
Shaded by antic maples, through 
Whose leaves, windswept, the sun pours down 
On sons and daughters of the town. 

The sons and daughters ! They will beat- 
Names dear to us. And they will share 
This fair town's honor and heritage 
Binding them to our earlier age. 
Sanborn and Batchelder, Prescott, Brown, 
These are the names that built our town. 
Janvrin and Farmer, Dodge and Weare. 
Cram and Moulton, Lane. Pevear, 
Healey and Merrill Greene, all these 
Names endure in our histories. 

The east wind sweeping in from the sea 
Will find strange houses where ours be. 
More and statelier, shadowed by wings 
Of swiftest airplanes. The ether sings. 
Hums and whirrs in myriad keys 
Perpetual, vibrant mysteries. 
Ethereal voices from some bright star. 
And shouts of heroes centuries dead 
Will be caught up and heard and read. 
Caesar, rallying legions in Gaul. 
Boadicea, the thin, shrill call 
Of Jericho trumpets. — every man. 
Every sound since the world began. 

Then men will acknowledge, as men now should. 

One holy, eternal brotherhood. 

And they will look back on this age of oun 

That slowly conquers physical powers 

As an age of beginnings, of gropings blind, 

For the holier, mightier powers of mind. 



rs 



408 THE GRANITE MONTHLY 



Some few old logics may care to drive 
An automobile:, though half -alive 
The neighbors think such doddering folk; 
For sixty miles an hour's a joke ! 

And railroads, antiquated long, 

Are quaint, remembered things of song. 

Comforts and labor-helps will then 

Fill every house. In some dark den 

Of ancient store-room may be hid 

Quaint coal-hods. Grandma's dear stove-lid, 

And some may have a whole cook-stove 

With all attachments Treasure-trove 

To antiquarians that will be ! 

And some new modern house that we 

Think of as grand and up-to-date 

Will seem to them most antiquate ! 

And they will shake their heads and say 

"Men built well in that early day ! 

Those good old days of nineteen twenty 

With lumber cheap and workmen plenty! 

Such timbers as we never see 

In twenty-one hundred and twenty-three! 

"And they had time, our ancestors, 
To play, to celebrate ! Their doors 
Were freely open to guests ! They ate 
Enormous piles of food ! A plate 
Was heaped ! While we but swallow 
A dinner pill ! And know to-morrow 
We'll have another. It must, I think, 
Have been great fun to eat and drink 
With all your folk three times a day ! 
But the modern is the easier way!" 

Perhaps two hundred years from now. 

When you and I have long been ghosts, 

We'll visit Hampton Falls again 

And wander through the towns with hosts 

Of our forefathers. How we'll laugh 

Together, we and they! And find 

Though years and centuries pass, not half 

The difference we thought to see. Man's mind 

Has little change, and swept away 

TIT inventions of our hurried day, 

The men of seventeen twenty-two 

Were not unlike the rest of you. 

Nor will they centuries after me 

Be greatly changed essentially. 



'-to^ 



TRAGEDIES IN MY ANCESTRY 

By Rev. Roland D. Sawyer 



It's the great tragedies that grip. 
either in fiction, drama, or history. 
There is in the human mind a cer- 
tain fear, dread, perhaps sad mem- 
ory, which gives a psychological 
basis for keen response to the tragic. 
We read, watch or listen breathless- 
ly : then go away to ponder and 
never forget. In twenty years' study 
of such scraps, notes, records of my 
ancestry as I have been able to find, 
it is the tragic things that stand out 
before me. When read and dug out 
from original sources, the tragic 
things stand before us with vivid-. 
ness. I see with all its surround- 
ing pathos, the body of a seventeen 
year-old lad (Betfield Sawyer) drag- 
ged from Smith's River in Danbury, 
and taken to the rude home in 
Hill — then laid away in the little 
family yard beneath the pines. 

1 see time and time again, scarlet 
fever and diphtheria enter the over- 
crowded households, and I feel the 
wearing care, the fears, the sadness 
of the fathers and mothers, as per- 
haps one, two, or even four of the 
little ones are taken away to the 
Churchyard. I see the widow with 
her children clinging about her, as 
the broken form of the husband and 
father is brought home, dying or 
dead, from accident, drowning, or a 
fall. Ah! the life of our brave an- 
cestors in harsh N-evv England was 
hard and full of sorrows in those 
days of insufficient equipment, to 
withstand the climate and give com- 
fort. 

I want to speak here of three such 
tragedies. 

First, I take up the scourge of 
diphtheria. More dreadful a hun- 
dred-fold than small pox ever was. 
It originated in 1735, in Kingston, 
within six miles of where I was born. 
and where my ancestors had lived. 
Tradition said it started from a sick 



hog. The germ theory of the spread 
of disease was unknown. Sick chil- 
dren were hugged and kissed by 
weeping parents, brothers and sisters. 
Funerals were public. It is easy to 
imagine the havoc it made. Into the 
farilly of my great, great great- 
grand-father it came. Two years be- 
fore scarlet fever had taken two 
small children, now diphtheria took 
three more ; taking' five of the nine 
children from the home. What sor- 
row — depressing, deadening, it must 
have left. (Yet even in tragedy, 
there comes comedy. The clergy- 
men furnished it in this case. They 
held a solemn conclave of prayer 
throughout the New Hampshire 
colony, and finally put forth the 
solemn judgment, that the plague 
was a visitation from God up- 
on the people, because they did not 
pay their ministers on time. And 
they pointed out as proof, the fact 
that Massachusetts had a law com- 
pelling prompt and full payment, 
and that hence Massachusetts had 
no plague.) 

I pass from Kensington up into 
the old settlement at Hill. Here 
scarlet fever takes the only two 
children of the strong young hus- 
band and wife, one aged three, the 
other one. The husband is unlet- 
tered, but he is a rude philosopher, 
such as Soutarev and Bonderev, who 
had such influence on Tolstoy. He 
says I will not bring children into 
the world to die. What's the use? 
He leaves his wife, refuses to again 
co-habit and goes off and lives alone; 
years later he becomes a lay Univer- 
salist preacher. David Sawyer was 
wrestling with the world-old prob- 
lems, over which every generation 
has labored and sobbed and sighed. 

Once more I turn back south, and 
1 stop beside "Suicide Pond," near 
Whittier's home; and its sad story 



410 THE GRANITE MONTHLY 

greatly impressed the great poet, and seventeen, she had once, with a hired 
he wrote his poem upon it. There man on the place, violated the sanc- 
the quiet, beautiful and shy maid, en. tions of morality. And he. poor 
loved by all. drowned herself at the dupe, felt in the harsh judgment of 
age of- 22. One of my ancestors the standards of Puritanism, that she 
loved 'the maiden; proposed to her was thus unfitted to be his wife. 
marriage.. She. in the purity of her Clothed in the carefully ironed dress 
heart. , her sweet nature and quick she had hoped to be her wedding gar- 
conscience, \vou':d not allow him to merit, she threw herself into the pond: 
marry her, without her telling him, he lived to be 87, unwedded, lonely 
that years before, when a maid of and sad. The tragedy of ignorance. 



THE BLACK ROCK OF NANTASKET 

By Alice Sargent Krikorian 

What great upheaval in the ages past 

Raised your huge shape above the ocean bed ? 

What changes, inconceivable and vast, 

Sen: the waves tossing round your massive head-' 

The lights send signals to you through the mist 

From far away across the hurtling sea, 

The waves croon softly, by the moonbeams kissed. 

And stars come out to keep you company. 

Our lives are like the ships that pass you by 

Drifting so swiftly to Eternity, — 

While there, grim, hxed, immovable you lie 

Looking with steadfast eves out toward the sea. 



URANIA: MUSE OF ASTRONOMY 

By Louise Patterson Guyol 

Great mother to the little stars, who cry 

And huddle close about your skirts, afraid; 

White queen of constellation-haunted shade ; 

You walk the unknown places of the sky 

Where foreign moons and alien planets fly. 

In space and darkness terribly arrayed 

Where even a sun would shudder to have strayed 

You have \our throne, with heaven and hell near by. 

Goddess, your heart is gentle as Love, I know, 

But you have eyes deeper than Death. Your hand 

Is kind, but foolish people here below 

Cannot believe beauty so great and grand 

Heeds little things: "they think themselves forgot. 

Only the wise, who know you, fear you not. 



BARB INGTON CELEBRATES 



By Morion Hayes JViggiv. 



*<n 



The picturesque old town of -Bar- 
ring-ton, arrayed in gala attire and 
aided by perfect weather, indeed 
did itself proud in the four-day 
celebration of the two-hundredth 
anniversary of its incorporation. 
August nineteenth, twentieth, twen- 
ty-first and twenty-second. It 
could be said without danger of ex- 
aggeration that it, as a whole, was 
the grandest and most successful 
event taking place within its bor- 



ders during it! 



long and eventful 



history 

On Saturday afternoon and even- 
ing of the nineteenth, the celebra- 
tion was opened by a .sale and en- 
tertainment in the Congregational 
Church, under the auspices of the 
Bar ring ton Woman's Club. The 
entertainment proved to be excel- 
lent. The entertainers — J. F. 
Hicks, solist; Miss Norma and 
Mr. J. L. Slack, cornetists; and 
Mrs. Leonard Merrill, reader — 
were at their best and were great- 
ly appreciated by a large and en- 
thusiastic audience. The proceeds 
of the sale netted a very consider- 
able .sum toward the new commu- 
nity house which is to be erected 
as soon as funds become available. 

The Congregational Church was 
crowded at the eleven o'clock ser- 
vice Sunday morning to hear the 
anniversary sermon delivered by 
the l'cv. Francis O. Tyler, pastor 
of the church. Rev. Mr. Tyler was 
assisted in the service by the Rev. 
Chester W. Doe of Strafford in 
recognition of the fact that during 
the first ninety-eight years of its 
history, Strafford was a part of 
Barrington. 

Directly following this service 
the congregation went to the site 
of the first Meeting House of the 
Town. Here a tablet, placed there 



by the Congregational Christian 
Endeavor Society, was unveiled. 
This service took place after the 
choir, accompanied by two cor- 
nets, marched to the scene singing 
"'Come to the Church in the Wild- 
wood." This was followed by read- 
ing of the Scripture by Rev. Mr. 
Tyler and prayer offered by Mr. 
Doe. The tablet was unveiled by 
little Virginia Lougee, a descend- 
ant in the seventh generation from 
"the first deacon of the Church, 
Hezekiah Hayes. 

Following this ceremony an ad- 
dress, "The History of the First 
Congregational Church," was de- 
livered by Morton H. Wiggin, a de- 
scendant from Deacon Haves in the 



iixth generation, 



Mr. Wiggin 



said as an introduction that 
full appreciation of the early New 
England community life and spirit 
could be obtained only by import- 
ant co-factors, politics and relig- 
ion, and of these two religion as 
centered about the old meeting 
houses was the more important. 
He then spoke of the derivation of 
the term "Barrington" as from the 
early English walled "Tun" or town 
of the clan of "Boerings" or "Bar- 
ings." The speaker then laid a 
political foundation to the address 
by briefly mentioning the steps 
leading to the building of the First 
Meeting House, namely : the grant 
made by the General Court of Mas- 
sachusetts to the town of Ports- 
mouth in 1672, in reward for a do- 
nation made by Portsmouth to 
Harvard College ; the failure of 
Portsmouth to apply for the grant 
and the subsequent grant by the 
General Court of New Hampshire 
in 1719 of the "Two Mile Slip" or 
"New Portsmouth" to a group of 
opulent Portsmouth merchants in- 



412 



THE GRANITE MONTH in- 



terested in iron mining along the 
banks of the Lamphrey River. It 
was of great interest that the speak- 
er noted that the old line marking 
the upper boundary of this "Slip" 
passed directly in front of the tab- 
let being dedicated and that it 
crossed The road at a point where 
many of the listening audience 
were standing. 

Because the town of Portsmouth 
generously voted to repair H. M, S. 
"Harrington," that town was given 
a tract of land west of the Dover 
line six miles wide and thirteen 



in Portsmouth which appropriated 
two hundred pounds for a meeting 
house thirty-six by forty-four. This 
was commenced at the foot of 
Waldron's Hill, but not being cen- 
trally located, was removed to the 
site which the dedicated tablet 
marks, where it was completed. 

ttr. YYiggin then spoke of the call 
given by the town to Rev. Joseph 
Prince, a missionary-evangelist of 
note, who formed the First Congre- 
gational Church, June 18, 1755, and 
served as its pastor for thirteen 
years, during which time the rec- 



Kga 



Tablet — Site of First Meeting House 



miles long, which now -includes the 
towns of Harrington and Strafford. 
The date of the charter for the 
town of Barrington as well as Ches- 
ter, Nottingham and Rochester, 
was May 8, 1722. Since there was 
provision that a meeting-house 
must be built within seven years 
and the support of preaching in the 
charter, the religious history of the 
town begins at that point. The 
speaker spoke first, in this connec- 
tion, about the four parsonages 
which have served the Congrega- 
tional Church. Me then spoke 
about the town meeting held 



ords show that he always received 
his salary promptly. He next 
spoke of the Rev. Benjamin Balch, 
a Harvard graduate and chaplain 
during the war of 1812 on the U. S. 
S. "Ranger," who received a prince- 
ly salary, since Barrington was, 
during the latter part of his thir- 
ty-one year pastorate, the third 
largest town in the state ; of the 
fact that he is the only pastor of 
the church ever buried in the town ; 
of the memorial service in 1912 in 
which his remains were removed 
from the Old Parsonage Lot to Oak 
Hill Cemetery. The pastors serv- 



HARRINGTON CELEBRATES 



41.1 



lng the Old Church were then com- 
mented upon. 

The building of the new Church 
in 1840 and the new Town. Hall in 
1854, taking away both capacities 
of this old building, necessitating 
the selling of it to be removed to 
a no t h e r s pot a s a d vv el ling w a s 
dwelt upon. Mr. W'iggin next de- 
scribed the Old Church as of a 
plain exterior, with pitch roof and 
two'docs in front and with no stee- 
ple .The ornate interior with its 
great sounding-board over the highl- 
and richly carved pulpit, the pen-like 



who is a desccendant of Deacon 
Hayes in the fifth generation, spoke 
of the first Deacon, Hezekiah Hayes; 
of his advent from Dover to Har- 
rington, his marriage to the daugh- 
ter of Captain William Cate of the 
Cate Garrison, his service in the 
Revolution and the large number of 
his descendants. He spoke of the 
long public service of Deacon Ben- 
jamin Hayes, of Deacon John Gar- 
land of Green Hill, recalling con- 
cerning the latter the story of the 
stern command to his son to go out 
into the night to get a "back-log." 





1 ! 
Vf 




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f 

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The First Parsonage 



old pew.s with seats completely 
around, the great gallery around 
the three sides of the room, a con- 
stant attendant in which was the 
old negro slave of Capt. Hunking 
and Rev. Mr. Balch, "Old Aggie"; 
of the lack of stoves and the use of 
"foot warmers." The speaker fin- 
ished his address by a brief re- 
sume of personages and events 
since 1840 and an eulogy to the Old 
Church. 

Following the singing of the 
hymn "How Firm a Foundation," 
Deacon Elmer Wiggin delivered an 
address, "Deacons and Leaders of 
the Old Church." Deacon Wiggin, 



for the fireplace. The son return- 
ing with a small one was rebuked 
and told to go out and not return 
until he had a sizable back-log. The 
son remained away nine years but 
upon return brought in a huge 
back-log on his shoulder, saying", 
"Here is your back-log. Father." 

Although the Garland family 
moved back into the wilderness in 
1812, they did not get outside the 
bounds of their native town. The 
speaker next spoke of Deacon Wil- 
liam Cate of the Cate Garrison, the 
leading figure in the town of his 
day. He mentioned public spirited 
Deacon Wingate of Madbury who 



414 



THE GRANITE MONTHLY 



in 184S moved to Weare, but 
never liked his new surroundings. 
for at home in Madbury he was 
"Esquire Wingate," but in Weare 
he was "Old Man Wing-ate.'" Men- 
tion was made of Deacon Thomas 
Hussey, father of Professor T. W. 
H. Hussey ; Mrs. Judge Knapp of 
Some rs worth, who left a fund 
known as the "Hussey Fund" to 
the Church; of Deacon Thompson, 
who had three sons in the Civil 
War. one of whom was killed in 
action and buried in the debris of 
Fort Sumter, although there is a. 
tablet to his memory in Oak Hill 
Cemetery. The speaker mentioned 
a very interesting episode concern- 
ing James Hayes, son of Paul 
Hayes, one of the founders of the 
church, who, owning the tip top of 
Green Hill, raised a huge crop of 
corn in the famine year of 1816, 
when all other crops were killed by 
frost. Demanding a silver dollar 
for each peck, Hayes made a huge 
fortune for those days. The son 
of James Hayes, somewhat of a 
reprobate, being reprimanded at 
one time by the minister, entered 
the church, one Sunday morning, 
and with great noise and profanity 
nailed up the door of his pew. Dea- 
con V/iggin mentioned as deacons 
of the new Church, Deacon Joseph 
Babb, Deacon J. R. Drew, Deacon 
Samuel C. Ham, Deacon William 
C. Buzzell, brother of Captain 
Lewis Buzzell of Company F„ 
Thirteenth New Hampshire Vol- 
unteers, who was killed leaiding 
his men against the enemy at Suf- 
folk, Virginia ; Deacon Horace G. 
Carter and the deacons now serv- 
ing with the speaker, William B. 
Swaine and George B. Haley. The 
address ended with a eulogy to the 
sacrifice made by the faithful church 
members of the past. 

This impressive dedication cere- 
mony was concluded by the singing 
of "America." 

Sunday evening "Old Home 



Vespers" were held with a filled 
church auditorium in attendance. 
The Vespers were opened with a 
song service followed by the read- 
ing of Scripture and prayer by the 
pastor, Rev. Mr. Tyler. Miss Hil- 
ma Anderson of Everett, Massachu- 
setts, sang a selected solo that was 
much appreciated. The address of 
the evening was given by Mr. 
Thomas C. Ham of New York, who 
took as his subject "Where there is 
no . vision, the people perish" — 
Prov. 29: 18. Mr. Ham, who is 
the son of the late Deacon Samuel 
C. Ham, began his address by a 
series of reminiscences of his boy- 
hood days and the good influences 
which surrounded him. His main 
address was devoted, however, to 
the alarming decadence of the New 
England rural town, Barrington 
being one which is a good exam- 
ple. He did not confine himself, 
however, to a delineation of these 
tendencies, but came out with a 
straight-forward constructive pro- 
gram for every rural community 
which to his mind w r ould strike at 
at the root of rural New England 
decay. His proposals were as fol- 
lows; (1) reforestation of defor- 
ested areas ; (2) introduction of the 
graded school ; (3) the utilization 
of the water power of the town to 
generate electrical power which 
would bring industry into the life 
of the town ; (4) renewed interest 
in the Church and a careful stud}' 
of its place in the community; (5) 
the formation of a "Vision Com- 
mittee," which would hold before 
the community as a w r hole a vision 
of a greater future. In closing his 
address, Mr. Ham pleaded for the 
conservation of the rural youth for 
the rural communities, and for a 
vision to be always held before the 
community ; for "Old men shall 
dream dreams, but young men shall 
see visions." 

Following Mr. Ham's very able 
address, a mixed quartette from the 



HARRINGTON CELEBRATES 



415 



choir sang the "Vesper Hymn." 

The service closed with the singing 
of "Abide With Me" and the bene- 
diction. 

On Monday at 2 p. in., there was 
a Play Carnival and Sports at De- 
pot Field, under the direction of 
Mr. R. \Y. Giviens, the County Y. 
M. C. A. Secretaiy. There was a 
Junior and Senior 100 Yard Dash, 
Obstacle Race, Sack Race, Relay 
Race, Three-legged Race, Tug of 
War, Potato Race, and Group and 
Mass Games. This feature was 
greatly enjoyed by a large group of 
boys and young men. 

The concert of the Schubert Male 
Quartette of Boston, assisted by 
Dorothy Berry Carpenter, on Mon- 
day evening was attended by an en- 
thusiastic audience which taxed the 
capacity of the Congregational 
Church, and was generally acclaim- 
ed the treat of the anniversary. The 
rendering of the "Vocal March," 
"Arion Waltz," "Aloha" and "Songs 
of Home" by the quartette were en- 
thusiastically greeted and many en- 
cores were responded to. Dr. 
Ames, in his rendering of the 
"Roses of Picardy" and the work 
of the bass, Mr. McGowan, were 
very well received. Miss Carpen- 
ter, the reader, took the audience 
by storm in the recital of "Daddy 
Long Legs." "A Model Letter" and 
"A Joy Ride." 

Tuesday was the great day of the 
anniversary, beginning with a band 
conceit at 9:30 a. m. by the Bar- 
rington-Northwdod Band, E. L. 
Wiggin, director. At 11 a. m., with- 
out delay, the anniversary parade, 
one of the finest ever held in this 
section, started. It was headed by 
Chief Marshal William S. Davis 
and Assistant Marshal, George 
B. Leighton, followed by the Bar- 
rington-Northwood Band. In the 
rear of the Band marched the com- 
bined John P. Hale Council of Bar- 
rington and the B. W. Jenness 
Council of Strafford, Junior O. U. 



A. M., there being about one hun- 
dred men in line, an array of thirty- 
three beautifully decorated floats, 
followed by a detachment of World 
War Veterans in line of march and 
Civil War Veterans in automobiles. 
Automobiles lined both sides of the 
line of inarch for nearly half a mile, 
the line of march being from Oak 
Hill Cemetery through the East 
Village and a counter march back 
through the East Village to the Con- 
gregational Church. The judges of 
the parade, Mr. C. C. Copeland of 
Boston, Mr. Newall of Boston and 
Mr. Thomas C. Ham of New York, 
awarded the prizes as follows ac- 
cording to (1) appropriateness, (2) 
detail, (3) originality : First prize, 
West Barrington — a log cabin, the 
interior decorated with old-fash- 
ioned furniture and implements, the 
detail complete even to a fire place. 
Second prize, Fred Stone — a beau- 
tifully decorated team with historic 
background. Third prize, John P. 
Hale Council, Junior O. U. A. 
M. — a large truck decorated with 
national colors with four soldiers 
guarding the Goddess of Liberty. 
Fourth prize, Madbury Industries-— 
a decorated truck with a complete 
barnyard scene. Other floats de- 
serving particular mention were the 
beautiful Girls' Club Car, the Con- 
gregational Church, the advertising 
car of A. L. Calef, the complete 
blacksmith shop of William Palmer 
and the Woman's Club. All of the 
floats showed originality and tasty 
design and were liberally applauded 
as they passed the waiting throng. 

During the picnic dinner hour a 
most enjoyable occasion was had, 
especially by those renewing old 
acquaintances and recounting old 
tales. 

At 1 :30 p. m. the Old Home ex- 
ercises took place. These were 
opened by a selection by the band 
and prayer by Rev. Francis O. 
Tyler. The address of welcome 
was delivered by Charles A. Tib- 



416 



THE GRANITE MONTHLY 



belts. Pros id 
Old Garrisoi 
Robert Bood 
local poet; al 
rison, was i 
nephew. M< 
of Stra fiord. 
of the day 
John Scales 
tioductory r 
minutes, he 
presiions h 
came to Ba 
rears ago, 01 



ent of the Day. "The 
1," a poem written by 
ey Caverl}-, trie famous 
3 out the old Gate Gar- 
recited by his grand- 
ister Robert Caverly 
The historic address 
was delivered by Air. 

of Dover. In his in- 
emarks of twenty-five 

spoke of the first im- 
e received, when he 
rrington to reside, 70 
i the Judge Hale Farm. 



miles to the west was the Land of 
Canaan. ■ 

Mr. Scales next explained why 
the town came to be called Barring- 
ton. The town of Portsmouth re- 
paired the frigate of the Royal 
Navy, named Barrington. The tax 
payers got their pay from the Pro- 
vincial Assembly by its making 
them a gift of a tract of land, six 
miles wide along the west line of 
Dover, and extending back twelve 
miles into the wilderness; beyond, 
the wilderness extended to Canada. 













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West Barrixgtox Float — First Prize 



He came from his native home in 
Nottingham, where he was born, 
in a house that had been in the 
possession, of the Scales family 
a hundred years. It was the first 
frame house built in that town, 
which is the same age as Barring- 
ton. Mr. Scales said that the 
route of removal from Nottingham 
to Barrington was through Ireland, 
France, via the Wild Cat road, to 
the historic Province Road, over 
Waldron's Hill, to the valley of the 
Isinglass River, and made the final 
stop at Mi. Misery. Two miles to 
the north was Sodom and three 



Each tax payer, of record of 1720, 
'21, '22, had a number of acres in 
proportion to his tax. In this con- 
nection he gave an interesting oc- 
count of the beginning of the set- 
tlement. 

One of the early settlers was 
Capt. Mark- Flunking, a distin- 
guished sea captain and merchant 
of Portsmouth. Pie built a large 
colonial mansion near Winkley's 
Pond, not far from the Madbury 
line. Captain Hunking became one 
of the leading citizens, and died in 
that house in 1782. He owned 
negro slaves; one was Agnes, who 



BARftlNGTON CELEBRATES 



417 



died in 1840., aged 100 years. The 
other was Richard, whose marriage 
to Julia, negro servant of Col. 
Stephen Evans of Dover, is on 
record on page 174. Vol. I. of 
Dover Historical Collections. The 
whole story of Captain Hunking 
was very interesting. 

Mr. Scales gave an extended ac- 
count of how Major Samuel Hale 
of Portsmouth nought 720 acres 
of land, in one tract, and gave it 
to his three sons, Samuel, Thomas 
Wright and William Hale. Each 



where the lumber was abundant 
nil around them. The Hale. Broth- 
ers were mighty men and the story 
Mr. Scales told was very interest- 
ing. 

Air. Scales spoke of the men who 
were conspicuous in the Indian 
wars; also of those who have a 
brave record in the Revolution); 
also those in the War of 1812. Of 
those in the Civil War he gave 
several very fine sketches. Among 
the number was Col. John W. 
Kingman, Col. Daniel .Hall, Col. 



i 5 ■■."-^"'^ 


■"■.:-•■ 




#S . ' ' ...— ■"•" '"'-"■- " 




\ ' ' 






•"-;*. 






; 



The Catf: Garrison House 



son had a third. That purchase 
was made near the close of the 
Revolution, and the sons came up 
there about 1780. Samuel and 
William had a store, where the 
Judge Hale house now is, which 
now bears the ridiculous name of 
Norumbega. The account books 
that they kept are now extant. Mr. 
Scales gave extracts from the 
pages, showing what was bought 
and sold. One of the never-fail- 
ing articles was rum, usually 
bought in pint quantities. The 
Hale Brothers also became largely 
engaged in ship-building, having a 
ship-yard right there on the farm, 



Andrew H. Young, Captain Lewis 
II. Buzzell. He spoke of Barring- 
ton's great scholars and college 
men, of whom the town has a fine 
recoid. One of these was Professor 
Sylvester Waterhouse, who for 
fort_v years was Professor of Greek 
in Washington University, St. 
Louis, Missouri. Probably there 
was no instructor in any college 
or university who was his supe- 
rior in this department of learning. 
Mr. Scales closed with a very in- 
teresting story of the success and 
remarkable career of the late Prank 
Jones of Portsmouth, who was the 
onlv millionaire that Barrington 



418 



THE GRANITE MONTHLY 



ever gave birth to. The story 
was amusing as well as interesting. 
Following a very well-rendered 
duet by Mrs. Caverly and Miss 
Graham of Strafford, there were 
several short addresses given by 
Ex- Gov. Samuel D. Felker and 
prominent sons of Barringlon. 
Rv a curious coincidence all of the 



mistic view of rural New England, 
particularly emphasising what 
wonderful advantages came to the 
farmer by way of modern invention. 
.Mr. Austin II. Decatur, of the 
firm of Decatur and Hopkins of 
Boston, after a bit of reminiscing 
concerning his boyhood spent in 
Barrington, spoke of the great 



Km 



Hex. Samuel D. Felker 



speakers except A. L. Felker were 
former pupils of Mr. Scales, the pre- 
vious speaker, when he was princi- 
pal of the old Franklin Academy in 
Dover. 

Ex-Governor Felker in his re- 
marks of introduction spoke of Bar- 
rington as being the native town of 
his parents and of the events of his 
boyhood that occurred in Barring- 
ton. He then gave a very opti- 



strides that business had taken dur- 
ing recent years. He emphasized 
the necessity of better education 
in rural districts, the value of com- 
munity spirit and co-operation. He 
spoke very highly of the Commu- 
nity House project and urged that 
it be carried out, pledging his con- 
tinued support. 

Ex-Mayor Frank B. Preston of 
Rochester laid before his audience 



BARRINGTON CELEBRATES 



419 



an eloquent delineation of conditions 
which were a distinct menace to 
the country. He referred to cond- 
tions attending: the fall of great 
empires of history, and compared 
those conditions with conditions in 
America today. 

The State Commissioner of Ag- 
riculture, Andrew L. Felker, de- 
cried the depopulation and decline 
of rural New Hampshire in favor 
of the industrial centers. He 
branded this policy as short-sighted 
and unwise. He expressed the de- 
sire that he might some day see 
the farmer and all agricultural pur- 



speeches, selections were rendered 
by Airs. Caverly and Miss Graham. 
Also the Scotch song sung by 
Master Robert Caverly in costume 
was enthusiastically received. 

In announcing the ball game 
which followed the exercise, Mr. 
George S. Ham of Durham exhib- 
ited the Old Garrison Bat which was 
won by the Old Garrison Nine, when 
Barrington was county champion, in 
1868. He mentioned those who 

played on the old nine and recounted 
many of the anecdotes concerning 
them. Mr. Ham expressed the wish 
that the Barrington nine might win 





■ 




M - 
If 1 M 




-\ II j ' 1 


- 







Congregational Church, East Barrington 



suits flourish as they did formerly. 
He praised the "old red school- 
house" and spoke of the great men 
who were products of these insti- 
tutions. 

Professor Frank W. Preston of 
New 7 Hampton spoke of the value 
of the practical .side of education. 
He made particular mention of the 
old "Rough and Ready Debating 
Society" which so many years 
flourished at Pond Hill. He noted 
that four of the men on the plat- 
form with him were attendants of 
that old society. He recited a poem 
which he had composed many years 
before. 

During the interval between 



that day. Mr. A. B. Locke was the 
only member of the old nine present 
at the exercises. 

The ball game at 3 :30 p. m. was at. 
Oak Hill Field between Barrington 
and Strafford. From the beginning 
it proved to be a pitchers' battle be- 
tween Fisher of Barrington and 
Miller of Strafford. Fisher had the 
edge on Miller, striking out twenty- 
two of the batsmen facing him. His 
team, however, failed to bat and held 
properly, so Barrington lost by the 
score of 5-3. It was hotly contested 
throughout and much enjoyed by a 
particularly noisy group of rooters. 

The anniversary ball, in the even- 
ing, was scheduled for Calef's Hall. 



420 



THE GRANITE MONTHLY 



but the hall proved inadequate, so 
dancing on the lawns was enjoyed un- 
til a late hour. 

It is estimated that upwards to two 
thousand people were in town all day 
Tuesday, and to a person they agreed 
that they had had an excellent time. 



ppem was written 



The 

by Herbert I). Caverly, Clerk 01 trie 
Roger Williams Baptist Church of 
Providence, Rhode Island, in com- 
memoration of the occasion. 
t 
Oh! Barrington, fair Barrington, 

I am thinking of you today. 

Twas among your hills and rocky rills 

That I was wont to play. 

^ wo hundred years have passed away 
Since your fair name you bore, 



But the name is jus' as dear to me 
As anj- gone before. 

The honored ones who founded you, 
And here viewed the sunset sky, 
Have now gone to their reward 
Where sunsets never die. 



th 



hardships and the 



They braved 

storms, 
Till their hair was silvery gray, 
And for the heroic deeds of yore 
We honor them today. 

There's history still for you to make 
Ye sons of noble sire. 
So keep the Barrington standard high 
And ever send it higher. 



JUST DREAMING 

By Frederick IV . Fowler. 

Just dreaming of moonlight and you, 
Of a song sweet and low stealing through, 
Of waters of calm, and the wonderful charm 
Of a dear boyhood day. that I knew. 

Just dreaming of woodland and dell, 
Emblazoned by youth's magic spell, 
Of meadow and hill, and the cool shaded rill 
Of a land that I once knew so well. 

Just dreaming of air-castles fair, 

With a world of romance in the air. 

Of power and fame, and a world honored name. 

Of wealth and of freedom from care. 

just dreaming of servants at call. 

Of success and enjoyment to pall, 

Of great things to be that were coming to me— 

Dreaming, just dreaming, that's all. 



THE PROCESSION OF DISCONTENT 



Bv Wililam M. Stuart 



V=Z< 



"He didn't want to go, 'n' that's 
all there's to it. : If he wanted to go. 
he'd go. wouldn't lie?" 

William Charming Lawrence spoke 
not as one having authority, but as 
one having a grouch. Nor was his 
caustic remark addressed to anyone 
in particular. As Miss Fleming 
would have said, he was solitary and 
alone — if we expect the presence of 
one Pete, a dog of no particular race, 
color or previous condition of apti- 
tude. 

It was the twelfth anniversary of 
William's birth and in honor of the 
day he had been relieved from the 
customary labor about the farm. 
But he had hoped for more — a great 
deal more. At the. county-seat, ten 
miles distant, a circus was scheduled 
to function on this beautiful spring 
day and he had futilely thought to 
beguile his father into taking him 
there. 

"Nothing doing. Willie,"- Lawrence, 
Sr., had said. "I'm too infernal busy 
to waste a whole day looking at 
clowns and monkeys. But I'll make 
you an offer. If you'll walk the 
straight and narrow path for the en- 
tire forenoon and stick around with- 
in hearing distance so's to help me 
if I need you, I'll fix it up with 
Brown's folks so you can go with 
them to the circus in the afternoon. 
They're going to drive the car. You 
won't be able to hear the calliope nor 
see the parade, but you'll be m at 
the big show." 

"I'll walk that patli all right, Dad. 
Leave it to me. Where is it? And 
can I take Pete with me?" 

"You and Pete are a bad combi- 
nation to walk any path except the 
one that leads to destruction. What 
I meant was, you must cut out all 
your usual stunts— behave your- 
self all the forenoon, if you want 



to go to the circus in the after- 
noon," 

"Oh!" breathed Willie with re- 
lief, "that's easy. Don't I always 
behave, Dad?" 

Lawrence coughed behind his 
hand. "Well, holidays — too much 
liberty — sometimes have a bad ef- 
fect on you," he answered- "You 
want to watch your step. Mind — 
no tricks or funny stunts. The 
penaty is — stay at home." 

Although the lure of the calliope 
and the red-coated bandsmen was 
strong. Willie reflected, in sub- 
stance if not in the exact words, 
that "half a loaf is better than no 
bread," and accordingly tried to 
resign himself to the hard fate of 
a forenoon of inactivity. 

Hence it came to pass that the 
joy of the lad was not unmixed 
with sorrow and regret as he 
strolled about the paternal acres 
seeking the wherewithal to amuse 
himself until such time as neigh- 
bor Brown should fare forth with 
his noisy four-cylindered convey- 
ance. 

But where is the red-blooded 
boy of twelve who would fail to 
respond to the call of out-of- 
doors and the satisfying sense of 
sweet liberty ? Therefore, into a 
face where intelligence and frec- 
kles were mingled, there gradually 
came a look of quasi-content. 

As he passed the granary on his 
way to nowhere in particular, his 
eyes were attracted by a beauti- 
ful red window-casing that had 
recently been placed in the build- 
ing. He was strangely fascinated 
by it and an irresistable urge moved 
him to hit it with a stone. There 
was no special reason why he 
should hit it — other than its prox- 
imity to the window. But this fact 



422 



THE GRANITE MONTHLY 



added the zest of hazard that his 
soul craved. He had no desire to 
break the window, but thoughts 
of the probable attitude of his 
fond parent in case he unfortu- 
nately did so gave to it the lure 
of adventure. He felt that he 
must hit that casing. 

Searching- out a nice pebble, he 
drew back his arm. A thrill pro- 
bably akin to that experienced by 
William Tell on a certain legend- 
ary occasion coursed up his spine. 
He fairly tingled with excitement, 

The stone rebounded from the 
building one foot from the right of 
the window. 

"I kin do better 'n that, can't I, 
Pete, old stockin'?" observed Wil- 
lie anxiously as he reached for 
more ammunition. 

All further hazy plans for the 
forenoon's entertainment were 
now subordinated to the absolute 
necessity of hitting that casing as 
soon as possible. He knew the 
could hit it. He must. 

Pete wagged the remnant of a 
once glorious tail and beamed 
with ail the sympathy that a sin- 
gle good eye could convey. His 
moist, excited panting lent 

strength to his companion's arm. 

The next stone did not rebound 
from the side of the building. 

It crashed through the window. 

A startled shout resounded 
from the depths of the structure 
and the cause of the boy's earthly 
pilgrimage emerged, his fade 
flushed with passion. 

"Willie!" he bellowed, "did you 
throw that stone?" 

"Yes," replied the lad fearfully 
and George Washingtonally. * 

"At your old tricks again, eh? 
Don't you remember what I told 
you? Well, just for that you 
will take thirty cents out of your 
bank to pay for the window. It's 
too bad you can't have a holiday 
without trying to tear everything 
up by the roots. I'd tan your hide 



if it wasn't your birthday. Now 
go and feed the brindle calf. May- 
be a little work'll be good for your 
mind." 

A trifle subdued., Willie filled 
with whey the new shiny tin 
bucket — purchased the day before 
— and slowly approached the habi- 
tat of the. brindle critter aforesaid- 

His calf ship snorted loudly at 
the advance of boy and dog, blat- 
ted a couple of times, jumped in- 
to the air and half strangled him- 
self with the restraining rope in 
his frantic, efforts to indicate his 
joy beseemingly according to the 
caihsh code. 

Placing the bucket before the 
enthusiastic quadruped, Willie 
watched him plunge his head in 
and audibly quaff the nourishing 
fluid. The animal stamped his 
feet with bliss, blowed like a por- 
poise and bunted the vessel. The 
bail lay against his head in juxta- 
position to one of his incipient 
horns. 

The boy was curious to know 
what would happen if the bail 
were slipped over the horn. 

He accordingly slipped the bail 
over the horn. 

The calf, in order to breathe, 
soon attempted to withdraw his 
head for an instant from the 
bucket. That handy utensil fol- 
lowed even where the calf's head 
did lead. It stuck closer than a 
brother. 

Instantly the erstwhile confident 
calf became demoralized with fear. 
His morale vanished. He emitted 
a terrified snort, flourished his tail, 
humped his back and charged blind- 
ly across the stable. The rope 
parted under the strain and he 
struck the wall like a shell from a 
French 75. The new bucket crump- 
led into an unrecognizable mass of 
tin. 

But a sudden presence intervened- 
The father stood beside the son. 

"Whar is the trouble?" he asked 



THE PROCESS] OX OK DISCONTENT 



423 



in oilier than honeyed tones. 

"The calf got the bail over his 
horn and it scairt him," answered 
•Willie truthfully. 

"Willie, didn't you put the bail 
over his horn on purpose?" 

"Yes/' 

"Fifty cents more out of your 
bank to pay for the pail," thundered 
the elder Lawrence. "It's mighty 
queer you can't have a little liberty 
without abusing it. Just one more 
sculip and instead of spending the 
afternoon at the circus, you'll spend 
it sprouting potatoes in the cellar. 
Now come and help me tag the 
sheep." 

"If we'd a gone to the cirkiss 
when we ought to. all this trouble 
wouldn't of happened," grumbled 
the disconsolate lad as he reluctant- 
ly followed his angry parent. 

With abbreviated tail drooping 
in sympathy with his masters's 
mood, the ubiquitous Pete acted 
as rear guard to the procession of 
discontent which wended its way 
toward the sheep-fold. 

"Your job is to catch the sheep 
in that pen and lead them to me as 
I need 'em," the father announced. 
"See that you hold 'em fast and 
don't let any get away. I don't feel 
like chasing sheep all over the 
farm." 

The first sheep was promptly 
caught and thrown to the ground. 
The farmer bent over her, sheep- 
shears in hand and hat on the 
ground. His -bald head glistened 
with perspiration. It was very hot. 

A consuming curiosity to know 
just what the sultan of the flock in 
an adjoining pen would do, if re- 
leased, swept over Willie. He felt 
that he must know. But thoughts 
of his rapid devolution from the 
heights of liberty to the depths of 
servitude gave him pause and some- 
what cooled his ardor- The threat 
of the potato-bin was not pleasant, 
either. Then curiosity got the up- 
per hand again. At all hazards it 



must be satisfied— come what might. 

He glanced at his father. That 
person was absorbed with his task. 
Willie opened the gate of the sul- 
tan's pen and the doughty animal 
stalked majestically forth. 

For a time the lord of the flock 
considered the crouching attitude of 
Mr. Lawrence in silence. He seem- 
ed to commune with himself. Was 
this posture a challenge to combat? 
Apparently it was even so, for the 
man's head was thrust out bellig- 
erentlv and it glistened in the sun- 
light. ' 

The spirit of the ram was trou- 
bled within him. Yea, as he con- 
sidered, he waxed exceeding wroth. 
His lower lip began to twitch, he 
shook his head, baaed softly, 
stamped his feet and backed up as 
far as the limits of the barnyard 
would permit. 

Then before the excited eyes of 
William Charming Lawrence the 
sheep launched himself full upon 
the poll of the reverend parent. 

Confusion, worse confounded, 
reigned for a space. 

A life replete with battles lost 
had tended to render Pete a paci- 
fist. But now the din of conflict 
caused his old time spirit to flame. 
With fine abandon he hurled him- 
self into the fray and was speedily 
engulfed in the vortex of man and 
beast. 

Then to the fascinated eyes of 
Willie there appeared in rapid suc- 
cession the pugnacious head of the 
ram, the determined face of the 
faithful dog and the bald head of 
the father. Over the swirling 
mass a cloud of dust mercifully 
settled and, though he was fain to 
tell how the battle fared, he could 
not- Torn by conflicting emotions, 
he could but wait and hope for the 
best. 

There came a sudden gleam of- 
poilshed steel. The warlike sultan, 
smitten amidship by the sheep- 
shears wielded by a muscular arm, 



424 



emitted a grunt 
hi in self 



THE GRANITE MONTHLY 



of pain and de- 
from the hurly- 



t ached 
burl}-. 

The tumult 
died, while the 
the ruck with 
nance. 

"Will rum." he cried in accents 



and the shouting 
farmer arose from 
a changed counte- 



ild. 



head all stove in?' 



Then before the son could answer, 
the light of battle entered the 
lather's eyes. He seized a club and 
advanced upon the sultan who had 
made a strategic retreat into a cor- 
ner of the barnyard fence and was 
there waging a rear-guard action 
with the now thoroughly bellicose 
Pete. Into this carnage the farmer 
sprang and there proceeded to in- 
stil respect for the human species 
into the troubled mind of the sheep. 

After this task had been suitably 
accomplished. Willie heard the 
voice of his father ask in tones 
wherein suspicion lurked: 

"Will-yum, how did he get out?" 



;1 
But William Charming Lawrence 
had passed around the corner of the 
barn.. He had no curiosity to as- 
certain what would ensue if he re- 
mained. He knew. And, besides, 
he was struggling with duty and 
desire. 

On the one hand he could hear 
the voice of Duty calling in clarion 
tones from the potato-bin; on the 
other was the lure of Clark's woods, 
where in a little brook many hun- 
gry trout lay in wait. He felt in 
his pocket. Yes, the line was there. 
Although Paradise, disguised in the 
habiliment of a circus, had been 
irretrievably lost, sanctuary from 
the wrath to come abode tempora- 
rily in the sylvan shades. 

H is hesitation was brief. Whis- 
tling to Pete, he vaulted lightly over 
the fence and ran across the mead- 
ow toward the mass of bright green 
foliage that swayed gently before 
the breath of the pleasant May 
zephyrs. 



EXTINCTUS AMABITUR IDEM 

By Helen Adams Par kef- 
He leaned upon his stick, and he tottered when he walked, 
And his words came slow and falteringly — the little that he. 

he talked— 
And when he died the minister hadn't much to say, 
And the neighbors filed out of the church the same old way. 

But one of them who'd loved him, and was glad he'd gone 

to rest, 
For he knew how bare his life was — just a feeble spark at 

best- 
Crossed over to the empty house with nothing there for 

looks, 
And saw ranged on an old brown desk, his little line of 

books. 



He took a Latin Horace, all thumb-marked, worn, and thin, 
And opening, read with filling eyes, a passage marked 

within : 
Extinctus amabitur idem — and written down below — 
Though dead he shall be loved the same, — his words, a 

trembling 1 row. 



POEMS 425 



INDIAN SUMMER 

By Laura Gar! end Gary 
In- November Mother .Nature.'' 

Has her babies safe in bed — 
Well packed and softly covered in 

Beneath her leafy spread. 

She knows they will be snug" and warm- 
No need to vigil keep — 

What harm can find a way to them 
When winter's snows are deep? 

And so she turns to leave them-— 
Smiling backward all the while; 

And this is Indian summer — 
Nature's tender goodbye smile. 



LATE NOVEMBER 

By George Quinter 

The oak shakes off a leaf or two 

And settles itself for the winter; 

Jt is eager for the snow blanket 

About its roots 

And for the north wind, 

That kindles a weird melody 

Against its widespread branches. 

There are footprints in the mud 
Where November rain has beat ; 
A bear has been this way, 
Seeking a den. . . . 

The hill beyond the gray wood 
Is still a rusty green. . . . 



SEPARATION 

By Helene Mullins 
These fields, 
The tall, dark trees, 
And restless streams 
Are poignant thoughts 
Of you 
That gnaw 
Ceaselessly 
At my heart, 
And. . bit by bit. . 
Crumble it 
Away. 



^(o 



NEW HAMPSHIRE DAY BY DAY 



Another school year has begun. 
Roth of our norma] schools are 
overcrowded, -with" prospective 
teachers unable to find housing in 
dormitories and forced to get less 
out of their course because floating 
or! the edge oi the current of school 
life, father than in the full stream. 
Requests for money to build new 
dormitories at Plymouth and 
Keene are likely to come before the 
next General Court. 



Our institutions of collegiate rank 



are victims of the s; 



.me ov.ercr 



owd- 



ing, New Hampshire College., 
grown in plant and efficiency to pro- 
portions of which we may be proud, 
has over 1,000 students, more than 
she can care for to the best ad- 
vantage. Dartmouth, after two or 
three decades of tremendous ex- 
pansion, finds herself in a condition 
requiring the taking of stock. 

At the opening of the Dartmouth 
year. President Hopkins startled the 
student body (and the country as 
well) by this statement: 

"Too many men are going to college. 
The opportunities for securing an educa- 
tion by way oi the college course are defi- 
nitely a privilege and not at all a universal 
right. The funds available for appropria- 
tion to the uses of institutions of higher 
learning are not limitless and can not be 
made so. whether their origin be sought in 
the resources of public taxation or in the 
securable benefactions for the enhancing of 
private endowments. 

"It consequently becomes essential that 
a working theory be sought that will co- 
operate with some degree of accuracy to 
define individuals who shall make up the 
group to whom, in justice to the public 
good, the privilege shall be extended, and 
to specify those from whom the privilege 
should be withheld. 

"This is a two- fold necessity, on the one 
hand, that men incapable of profiting by 
the advantages Which the college offers, or 



indisposed, shall not be withdrawn from 
useful work to spend their time profitlessly, 
in idleness acquiring false standards of 
living, and on the other hand that the 
contribution which the college is capable 
oi* making to the lives of competent men 
and through them to society shall not be 
too largely lessened by the slackening of 
pace due to the presence of men indiffer- 
ent or wanting in capacity." 

In the nation-wide discussion 
that followed Dr. Hopkins' revolu- 
tionary statement, there was ap- 
proval as well as disapproval. 
Some educators deny that there are 
too many college men, yet there are 
many close observers who agree 
that in our colleges there are a sur- 
prisingly large percentage of those 
who cannot, or will not, profit by an 
attempt to master the education pro- 
vided by such institutions. The 
shrewdest critics of Dr. Hopkins 
point out the fact that, granting his 
premise, some test must be found 
satisfactorily to determine those eli- 
gible to the "aristocracy of brains" 
to which he would restrict the privi- 
leges of our costly higher education. 

Some of the undergraduate com- 
ment, upon the situation has so 
much common sense as to deserve 
mention. It is to the effect that no 
college should admit more students 
than may be given the full advan- 
tages of life in dormitories, com- 
mons and chapel, and no more than, 
with the existing plant, may be 
given instruction in groups small 
enough to get the maximum indi- 
vidual benefit with the minimum of 
the defects of mass education. 



The Town of Dublin celebrated on 
October 12, the hundredth anni- 
versary of its library, said to be the 
oldest public library in the United 
States. Prior to' 1822. there ex- 
isted in many town libraries owned 
by private societies, but not open 



NEW HAMPSHIRE DAY BY DAY 



427 



free to the public Dublin had two 
such, each with a few hundred vol- 
umes — one owned by a society of 
men, the other by a society of 
.women. The fact that gives Dublin 
distinction is that in 1822 the two 
libraries were united as one, aug- 
mented, and made available to all 
of the citizens of the community. 
The united library was at first 
known as the Dublin Juvenile Li- 
brary, and was intended primarily 
to encourage the education of chil- 
dren. The leading spirit in the 
movement was the Reverend Levi 
W. Leonard, who became the first 
volunteer librarian. Dublin and 
the state do well to mark this an- 
niversary year. It is worth notice 
that the adjoining town of Peter- 
borough in 1S33 organized the first 
free public library to be maintained 
by taxation. 

It is an encouraging sign that the 
people of New Hampshire are each 
year doing more to make the out- 
door attractions of our state more 
available. Last month State For- 
ester Foster told in this magazine 
about the new Willey House Cabins 
which will do much to encourage 
enjoyment of the grandeur of the 
Crawford Notch. The Society for 
the Protection of New Hampshire 
Forests, besides opening up the 
Lost River to many thousands of 
visitors annually, lias co-operated 
with the state in making public re- 
serves in various beauty spots, no- 
tably the tops of Monadnock, Suna- 
pee and Kearsargt. 

Within a few weeks the state has 
received from Mr. joei H. Poole, in 
memory of his son Arthur, the gift 
of a strip of land for road purposes 
which will make the Monadnock 
reservation more accessible. Dur- 
ing Old Home Week the Tory Hill 
Woman's Club started an enterprise 
to repair the old road on the War- 
ner side of Kearsarge. Everybody 
took hold with a will. Some gave 
money, some contributed labor, 



others lent horses, teams, transpor- 
tation, tools. A road-making bee 
was held. The result is an automo- 
bile road to the Halfway House, 
which will doubtless next year be 
continued to the "Garden," where 
the Society for the Protection of 
New Hampshire Forests has lo- 
cated a log cabin- One ambitious 
automobile reached that spot this 
fall. 

The year has also seen a begin- 
ning of the work on the projected 
trail to connect Monadnock and 
Sunapee Mountains by way of the 
state forest acquired in Washington 
last year. The trail will within a 
few years be an actuality, and may 
then be continued to Kearsarge, 
whence its next objectives should 
be Ragged and the state forest on 
Cardigan. Not many years hence 
the Granite State may by trail thus 
lure the tramper from the Massa- 
chusetts line and connect him by 
the White Mountain trails with the 
rugged north-land • of New Hamp- 
shire, thence across to join the 
splendid Green Mountain trail of 
Vermont, 



Politics in New Hampshire shows 
signs of off-year anaemia. It seems 
impossible for the average voter to 
acquire enthusiasm about home 
problems, even when there is to be 
elected a legislature which will have 
to deal with rather unusual ques- 
tions of taxation and budget. Both 
political parties, at their late Sep- 
tember elections, adopted platforms 
setting forth at length their claims 
to the voter's confidence and their 
aims for the future. The Republi- 
cans cite the record of Governor 
Brown's administration in keeping 
every state department and institu- 
tion within its appropriation, in car- 
rying the new Portsmouth bridge 
to its present stage without issu- 
ing the bonds provided for that pur- 
pose, and in reducing the state debt 
by more than a million dollars. 



428 



THE GRANITE MONTHLY 



The main line of cleavage between 
the parties is upon the forty-eight 
hour question. The Democrats de- 
clare unequivocally for the immedi- 
ate enactment of a law making 
forty-eight hours the maximum 
working-week for women and child- 
rri. The Republicans concede the 
ideality of such a law, but raise the 
question of its practical bearing up- 
on local industries competing with 
those in which a longer week ob- 
tains in other states. They favor a 
national forty-eight hour law, and 
advocate a special legislative com- 
mittee to investigate and re- 
port, during the next ssssion of our 
General Court, the facts which bear 
upon the advisability of New Hamp- 
shire enacting a similar State law. 

Both parties are making special 
efforts to reach and organize the new 
women voters. If there be any 
apathy among the freshly enfranch- 
ised, it will not be due to lack of en- 
couragement. The non-partisan Lea- 
gue of Woman Voters is working 
throughout the state to arouse in- 
terest and intelligence in the exer- 
cise of the franchise. The most 
outstanding example of their acti- 
vities was a recent school of citizen- 
ship in Keene- 



An interesting by-product of a 
sluggish campaign was the situation 
resulting from the defeat of Fred A. 
Jones by John W. Barker for the 
Republican nomination in the fifth 
senatorial ' district. Soon after the 
primary, doubt was expressed as to 
the eligibility of Mr. Barker to serve. 
The constitution of Xew Hampshire 
provides that no person shall be a 
senator unless he has for seven years 
next before his election been an in- 
habitant of the district. 

Mr. Barker, a native of England, 
had been actually resident in Leba- 
non for more than seven years, but 
had completed his naturalization only 
two years ago. The question of 



eligibility turned upon the interpre- 
tation of the word "inhabitant." 

Should it be defined as "resident" or 
"citizen" ? 

The Republican State Committee 
discussed the problem. At first the 
friends of Mr. Jones were inclined to 
press the question, but, it appearing 
that Mr. Barker did not doubt his 
eligibility and Mr. Jones having de- 
clined to make it a personal matter, 
the committee decided to do nothing. 
Upon this an individual voter in the 
district petitioned the Ballot Commis- 
sioners to keep the name of Mr. 
Barker from the ballot. 

It was late October before a hear- 
ing was had and a decision reached. 
The Commissioners, Attorney Gene- 
ral Oscar L. Young and Harry F. 
Lake, Esq., (the third member of the 
board, Harry J. Brown, Esq., not 
sitting because of illness), decided 
adversely to Mr. Barker. 

The question was immediately 
taken to. the Supreme Court upon a 
writ of certiorari. There was a hear- 
ing on October 30, and an opinion 
was handed down on the following 
day declaring Mr. Barker ineligible. 
Immediately upon the decision of the 
Ballot Commissioners, the Repub- 
lican State Committee nominated Ora 
A. Brown of Ashland to fill the 
vacancy, and as a result of the 
Supreme Court decision his name 
will go before the voters of the fifth 
district on November 7. 



The strike situation, as it affects 
Xew Hampshire is still far from 
clarified. Coal is being mined, but 
not much is yet available ; so that good 
old-fashioned wood-smoke is seen as- 
cending from the majority of the 
chimney-spouts. As the weather 
grows colder the pinch will become 
felt. 

The railroad strike is not settled in 
New Hampshire, whatever be the 
situation elsewhere. The Concord 
engine-house and shops being the 
largest in the state, the capital city 



NEW HAMPSHIRE DAY BY DAY 



429 



has Celt the effects of this strike more 
than any other place. Practically 
every Concord shopman left his work- 
on Jul}' 1. The few who remained 
were generally guarded to and from 
the shops. Strike-hreakers began to 
come in within a few days. As they 
were principally, if not wholly, housed 
within the railroad enclosure, there 
was comparatively little occasion for 
trouble on the streets. 

Of such trouble there was. how- 
ever, a litle — two or three assaults in 
the early days. A night raid at the 
shops, by parties as yet unapprehend- 
ed, resulted in some of the strike- 
breakers being driven out of town. 

As a result of conferences with the 
Mayor of Concord, Governor Brown 
called out two companies of the Na- 
tional Guard. Whether or not they 
were needed, has been the subject of 
keen controversy. Whether the City 
of Concord should pay for the troops, 
has also given rise to contention. Up 
to date the city has paid tens of thou- 
sands of dollars. The. troop.s were 
withdrawn late in October, after 
the Chamber of Commerce had 
urged that they were no longer 
necessary. 

Mean while the same sort of talk 
has been going on -in Concord as in 
other railroad centers during the 
strike. On the one side the rail- 
roads have claimed everything was 
normal. On the other the strikers 
have claimed impairment of rolling- 
stock to the point of danger to the 
lives of trainmen and travelers. They 
have published lists of late trains. 
They have criticized the waste of rail- 
road money in housing, feeding, bed- 
ding and entertaining the "scabs," be- 
sides paying them overtime. 

The "scabs" meanwhile have been 
sifted and settled, and, with the few 
who stuck and the few strikers who 
have returned, are represented by the 
railroad as a permanent force, whom 
they have allowed to organize in an 
independent association for the pur- 
pose of making agreements. 



A peculiar situation exists here, as 
elsewhere ; it is believed thai the shop 
work is being done in part by men 
who struck on other lines and are 
"scabbing" here. Another interesting 
thing is the claim of certain artisans 
that their business has been seriously 
damaged by the the striking shop- 
men underbidding for work on me- 
chanical jobs. The merchants find 
the strikers naturally with less than 
normal ability to buy, and the strike- 
breakers within the railroad enclos- 
ure do not find normal opportunity to 
spend their wages. Moreover, if the 
strikers are not to go back to work, 
the community will face the necessity 
of a general shaking-down — some 
jobless men moving out and leaving 
unpaid hills, new men taking their 
places with inevitable experimenting 
with credits, the sale of homesteads 
(perhaps at loss), the problem of 
housing the new-comers, the gener- 
al difficulties of assimilating in bulk 
and immediately several hundred 
new families. 

With these problems in mind, it is 
understood that some Concord busi- 
ness men are trying to bring the 
strikers and the railroad into some 
sort of agreement. What may be ac- 
complished, with one group bound to 
win and the other confident of victory, 
is among the unknowable things. The 
situation is regarded by many people 
as sufficient proof, from the stand- 
point of community interest, of the 
public damage done by industrial 
warfare. 

The textile strike goes on in New 
Hampshire, except at some points, as 
it has since last winter. Because of 
the longer duration of the trouble, 
the community losses have been more 
keenly felt than in the railroad con- 
test. Due to the overshadowing size 
of the Amoskeag Mills, the textile 
strike has rather centered in Man- 
chester. Long ago the strike, which 
began because the mills required a cut 
in wages, with the 54-hour week, be- 
came a deadlock. While the work- 



430 



THE GRANITE MONTHLY 



ers might possibly have accepted the 
wage-cut with a 48-hour week, they 
have steadily refused to go back to 
a 54-hour week even with a preferred 
return to the old wage. The mill 
managers have been adamant. Vari- 
ous futile attempts have been made on 
the part of the public to accommodate 
the parties. The last was an abject 
failure. A committee under city 
auspices invited the two sides to send 
representatives to meet each other. 
Both agreed, but October 17. the day 
fixed for the meeting, the strikers' 
delegates declined to attend the meet- 
ing because strike-breakers were 
among the company's delegates. 
Bishop Guertin. as we go to press, 
is exerting his influence to get a 
resumption of work on the basis of 
51 hours a week at the old wage 
until February 1. before which a 
permanent arrangement would be 
hoped for. At Somersworth agree- 
ment has been reached on a 51 1-2 
hour week. 

Later advices are that the Amos- 
keag employees accepted Bishop 
Guertin's proposition, but the corpora- 
tion declared itself unable to adopt 



the shorter work-week in view of 
southern Competition on the 55-and- 
60-hour basis. 

Thus the war goes on. Both sides 
lose money; the community suffers; 
and the community has small in- 
formation as to the validity of the 
claims and counterclaims made by the 
contestants in the hope of winning 
popular support, which in the end is 
recognized as a pretty valuable asset 
to either side. 



Representatives of fourteen Cham- 
bers of Commerce and Boards of 
Trade met at Tilton on October 18, 
and took steps toward the organiza- 
tion of a State Chamber of Com- 
merce. One of the principal objects 
of the organization will be to co- 
operate with the New Hampshire 
Publicity Commission in raising 
$100,000 to advertise New Hamp- 
shire. The new organization will 
also take up the study of traffic on 
the highways in the hope of working 
out some sensible and consistent 
method of handling traffic throughout 
the State. 



SONNET 

By Louise P. Guyol 

i am a lover of the commonplace, 
The calm monotonous things of every day: 
The sun that sets the same red-golden way 
So many times a year ; the dew-and-lace 
Of cobwebbed lawns at dawn; the silver trace 
Of the moon's high career; the flaunt and play 
In tulip-gardens each recurrent May; 
Women, and men ; a child's adorable face. 



I never set great store on rarity — 
However often seen, can beauty fail? 
An ordinary bluebird seems to me 
As lovely as the peacock's haughty tail. 
Not educated — well, that's no disgrace, 
It's kind to kind ; I love the commonplace. 



*3l 



BOOKS OF NEW HAMPSHIRE INTEREST 



Barefoot. Days and Sundown 
Songs, by; Raymond II use. Pub- 
lished by the . author at Concord 
with the Rumford Press imprint. 
$1.00. 

This book by a New .Hampshire 
man, for a number of years promi- 
nent in the pulpit life of Concord, 
is a collection of homely and unas- 
suming verse. The reviewer is dis- 
armed by the opening lines of the 
stanzas entitled "To My Critic:*' 

You need not tell me, critic dear. 
Because you see I know it, 
I have too much preacher blood 
To be your kind of poet !" 

The "preacher blood" courses 
strongly through most of the two 
score poems in this collection. The 
very first in the little book is a bit 
of poetry which prettily hides a 
lesson. 

When the sun has passed the hilltops, 
And the solemn shadows creep 
Slowly down the purple mountain, 
Then from out the mystic deep 
Of the ocean of the twilight 
Notes of music float along. 
Daylight is the time for action, 
Sunset is the time for song. 

But the reviewer must not quote ; 
the reader should have the pleasure 
of discovering for himself the 
shrewdly simple way in which Mr. 
Huse clothes his thoughts. The 
preacher has not forgotten his bare- 
foot days, or the ways in which 
boys react to life ; he has touched 
them up with a bit of mature, but 
reminiscent philosophy. Clever 

indeed is the playing of experience 
against adolescence in "When a 
Youth First Takes to Rhyming." 

This little volume betrays the 
author as an appreciative lover of 
Nature in her every-day moods, 
which are interpreted in simple and 
homely, but apt, phrase. In one 
verse he speaks of Riley as having 

''heard the notes 
That rise from common sod-" 



It is these very notes that Mr. 
Huse evokes. 



Indian Legends in Verse, by Wil- 
liam C, T. Adams, Superintendent 
of Schools at Keeue and formerly 
Professor of Education at the 
Plymouth Normal School. 
Dr. Adams has put into metrical 
form about twenty Indian legends, 
including such of special local ap- 
peal as those of Pemigewasset, Pas- 
saconaway. Chocorua and Monad- 
nock. For most of them he has 
adopted the form of verse used in 
"Hiawatha.'-' Prefixed to most of 
the verse are prose treatments of the 
same legends. There is an intro- 
duction upon Indian characteristics 
and customs. The book is aimed to 
reach the child when he is at the 
mental age of the mature savage, 
when, in fact, the child, is at the 
primitive stage of development. 
There are illustrations by Beatrice 
B. Adams and the book is from the 
press of the W. B. Ranney Com- 
pany of Concord. 



New Hampshire in History and 
Story eor Children, by Grace 
Edith Kingsland. Secretary, New 
Hampsbire Public Library Com- 
mission. 

Children's Book Week, which 
comes annually in November, is de- 
signed to interest parents and friends 
in making better and more books 
(with the emphasis on "better") easily 
accessible to children. This may be 
clone both by building up the child's 
own library by gifts on Christmas, 
birthdays, and other special days, and 
by seeing that the local public library 
is well supplied with books suitable 
for juvenile patrons. 

A magazine devoted to the state 
may well consider at this season what 
books dealing with New Hampshire 
in a manner likely to appeal to young 



43. 



THK GRANITE MONTHLY 



people are available. Unfortunately, 

these are few in number and often 
slight in content. Some are among 
the forgotten books oi a previous 
generation, such as "A Book for 
New Hampshire Children, in Familiar 
Letters from a Father." published 
anonymously by Richard Grant of 
Exeter in 182o. later attributed to 
Hosea Hildreth who was for some 
time professor of mathematics at 
Phillips Exeter Academy. One para- 
graph runs: "Nothing indeed can be 
more gloomy than the State Prison. 
If you were to go into it, to see how- 
it looks, it would make you shudder. 
There are now about fifty wicked 
persons in it ; but I do hope that no 
New Hampshire child that reads this 
letter will ever behave so bad as to be 
locked up in that dreadful place." 

At this time Peterborough was fa- 
mous because "there are more manu- 
factories than in any other town in 
the state." He also says. "We have 
in New Hampshire a great many saw- 
mills and corn-mills (commonly call- 
ed grist-mills), a considerable number 
of manufactories for making cotton 
cloth and woolen cloth, and a few 
for making nails. We have ten, or 
twelve Banks, where money is kept 
to let out to people that wish to hire 
money. All New Hampshire people 
are generally pretty good to work, 
though there are some in every town 
that are lazy and idle, and spend their 
time a dram-shops (commonly called 
"grog-shops"). But these are con- 
sidered very naughty people. Their 
poor little children often go ragged, 
and sometimes have no bread to eat." 

These extracts will show that this 
hook will appeal only to adults curi- 
ous about manners and customs of 
early days and to the exceptional 
child. There is great need for a simi- 
lar current book about our history and 
industries for use in schools. At the 
eleventh hour request of the editor of 
this magazine. I have compiled very 
hastily a few titles available in many 
libraries as well as in the State 



Library, although some of them are 
no longer in print. It does not' pre- 
tend to be a complete list and doubt- 
less many a reader . will miss his 
childhood favorite and exclaim, "How 
could she overlook that!" Such 
readers can help to make a more 
valuable future list by sending these 
titles to the writer. Stories with 
scenes laid in the state have not been 
included unless they had some his- 
torical or descriptive value. 



Abbott, Tacob. 

IOv. 

Quaint stories of chi 
farm in the Franconia re 
Still liked by children in 
avowed purpose to ' 
moral sentiments in the 
in early youth." 

Adams, William C. T. 

ends in verse. c!922. 

Several of the poems 
on our Indian legends, 
elsewhere. 



Franconia stories. 



Id life on ? 
gion in 1820. 
spite of their 
develop the 
human heart 



Indi 



Leer- 



are founded 
See review 



Stor 



Aldrich, Thomas - Bailey 
of a Bad Boy. cl870. 
Based on the bovhood life of the 



author in Ports moutl 



Tom" 



his friends are natural fun-loving 
boys. Equally popular with children 
and adults, it is a book that will never 
grow old. 

Brewster, Edith G. Some three 
hundred years ago. cl922. 
Pictures "what children who lived 
on our shores when forests were 

cleared for home-making might 

have done in the midst of the true 
and thrilling happenings" of history 
Stories center around Portsmouth and 
neighboring towns. Author is a resi- 
dent of Portsmouth. 

Browne, George Waldo. Flero of 
the hills ; a tale of the Captive 
Ground, St. Francis, and life in the 
northern wilderness in the days of 
the pioneers. cl901. 
Life in New Hampshire just before 



BOOKS OF NEW HAMPSHIRE INTEREST 



433 



the Revolution. John Stark and other 
real characters appear throughout its 
pages i Author claims to have kept 
as near actual facts as does the aver- 
age historian. The scene of his 
WoQdrangcr is also in New Hamp- 
shire at a slightly earlier period. 

Coffin, Charles Carleton. Old 
times in the colonies. c!880. 
Readable history of colonial times 
for children in the upper grades. 
Has three chapters on the settlement 
of New Hampshire and several pages 
about John Stark. Author was born 
in Boscawen in 1823. 

Cram, William Everett. Little 

beasts of field and wood. c!899. 
****.__ M or e little beasts of held 
and wood: 1912. 

Delightful books about wild crea- 
tures for children of ten years and 
upward. Observations were made in 
and around the author's native region. 
-South Hampton. 

Dudley, Albertus True. ■ Follow- 
ing the ball. c!903. 
Scene of this book, as well as of 
the three other titles in the series, is 
laid at Phillips Exeter Academy, 
where the author was formerly a 
teacher. 

Fassett, James H. Colonial life in 

New Hampsire. c!899. 

•The only history of early New 
Hampshire for children. 



Old 



time 



Harris, Amanda B. 

school days. cl886. 

While written for adults, children 
of to-dav will enjoy learning how 
verv different the rural schools of the 
early 19th century were from those 
they attend. The author, a native of 
Warner, drew on her memory for 
this account of school houses, games, 
and pupils of former days. 

Johnson, Clifton. New England; 
a human interest reader. 1917. 
The historv, industries, and nat- 



ural beauties of the New England 
states, as well as anecdotes and 
brief biographies of their famous 
men and women, are given in a 
lively style. ' For children of 11 
years and over- 

Robinson, Mrs. Anna Douglas 
Green. In the poverty year; a 
story of life in New Hampshire in 
1816. c!901. 

The true story of a year in which 
drouth and frost brought much suf- 
fering, woven around 12-year old 
Philomena and her kindly neigh- 
bors. 

Robinson, Mrs. anna Douglas 
Green. Peter and Polly. cl876. 
The 13-year old twins in the au- 
tumn of 1775 went from Massachu- 
setts to stay with relative^ in ja 
"thrifty New Hampshire town" 
while their father fought for free- 
dom. Good picture of home life, 
bringing in what the revolutionary 
war meant to our forefathers and 
their families. 

Rollins, Frank West. Ring in the 

cliff. clS88. 

Scene of this story by a former 
governor is laid in Portsmouth and 
vicinity. The boy hero builds a 
boat in which he goes fishing at 
the Isles of Shoals and incidentally 
discovers buried treasures on Star 
Island. 

Smith, Mrs. Mary Prudence 
Wells. Four on a farm. 1901. 
Four New York children pass a 
jolly summer on a New Hamp- 
shire farm. For children of 10-12 
years. 

.— . Their canoe trip. cl8S9. 

The trip made by two boys began 
at a lake in Francestown and con- 
tinued down the Piscataquog and 
Merrimack Rivers on to Boston by 
the numerous inland rivers in Mass- 
achusetts. 



EDITORIAL 

Last July, Mrs. Edith Bird Bass are playing an indispensable part by 
of Peterborough unexpectedly found furnishing the funds with which to 
herself the owner of THE GRAN- pay the printer, the engraver and 
ITE MONTHLY. Mr. Pearson, the postmaster. Quite as import- 
the former owner, had stipulated tant a role is that of the contribu- 
that he should relinquish the con- tors, from whom comes volunta- 
duct of the magazine with the Sep- riiy a stream of history, essay, fic- 
tei issue. Not feeling able, on tion and verse for which no editor 
account of prior duties, to assume can fail to be thankful, 
active editorial and business charge Mrs. Bass intends to maintain 
of the magazine immediately, Mrs. the general policy of the magazine 
Bass prevailed upon the writer to and has in mind a number of 
act as editor until January, 1923. features which cannot fail to inter- 
Although Mrs. Bass has, by per- est our readers. These will be an- 
sonal letter to the patrons of nounced from time to time, 
the magazine, made known these In spite of the fact that the field 
facts, it may be fitting for the act- of the magazine is limited, there is 
ing editor to make some announce- practically no limit to the attrac- 
ment in the magazine itself. tiveness which it can attain in both 
In the last two months the writer material and dress, provided only 
has been impressed anew with the that the circulation can be so wid- 
fact that THE GRANITE ened as to furnish the necessary 
MONTHLY, in spite of its moder- funds to pay the increased produc- 
ate circulation, has a firm hold up- tion costs. Plans are already form- 
on its readers and contributors, ing with a view to enlarging the 
This is fortunate, because the un- circulation. This is a matter in 
dertaking is not, in the nature of which every reader of the magazine 
things, one which can be financially may be of assistance. Can you not 
profitable, but must be viewed as carry your present co-operation a 
a sort of co-operative undertaking step further and, by suggestions to 
in which many join for the mainte- your friends and to us, help us to 
nance of a magazine devoted to the enlarge the public which we reach 
past, present and future of New and thereby enhance the value of the 
Hampshire. magazine? 
. The subscribers and advertisers ELWIN L. PAGE. 

. SUBSTITUTE . . *" ;*• \. 

By Helene MaUins. . .-.._. . - ~ 

I left the gates of my heart open " 

For Love to enter,. .--.-■■ 

But lo! a mountebank has strayed :.;■; -.-...... v „- 

Within its portals, 

And I cannot drive him out. 



4»s- 



NEW HAMPSHIRE NECROLOGY 



CHARLES C. BUFFUM 

Charles G. Buffum, Register of Deeds 
for Cheshire Comity, died oi heart failure 
while driving his ear through the City of 
Cambridge, Massachusetts, on October 16. 

Mr. BufFurn was a native of East Dor- 



set, Vermont, the son 



Parr is E. and 



Ann R. Buffum and was born February 
4, 1849. He was educated in the schools 
of East Dorset, and moved to Keene at 
the age oi twenty-two. For some time he 
was employed by the Cheshire Railroad. 
then was for seven years assistant post- 
master. In April. 1883, he . assumed the 
office of Register of Deeds. Had he lived 
to the end of the present term, lie would 
have had forty years of continuous ser- 
vice. He was a candidate for re-election 
this month. 

As a Register of Deeds, Mr. Buffum 
was painstaking and progressive. L)uring 
his administration of the office he was 
active in re-copying and re-indexing the 
records and in adopting such modern 
methods as would make the registry of 
greater value to the public. 

Mr. Buffum took an active part in the 
life of Keene. He was a member of the 
Unitarian Church, its treasurer for sever- 
al years and interested in its activities. 
He was a Mason in his fraternal affilia- 
tions. He was at one time treasurer of the 
Union School District of Keene and for 
some years a member of the Board of 
Education. He had also been treasurer of 
the Elliott Hospital. From time to time- 
he served as Special Justice of the Keene 
Police Court. Formerly a director of the 
Keene Savings Bank, he was at the time 
of his death a trustee oi the Cheshire 
Couny Savings Bank. 

In 1873. Mr Buffum was married to 
Sarah, the daughter of Warren Wilson. 
She survives him. as do three sons ; fames 
Caleb of Webster. Massachusetts; Robert 
Earle of Boston; and Charles Edward of 
Boston. 



JOSEPH H. KILLOURHY 

On October 19. there died at Laconia, a? 
the result of an automobile accident a few 
days before, Major Joseph II. Killourhy 
of the staff of Governor Brown. Major 
Killourhy was one of the most popular 
of the younger men in central New Hamp- 
shire. He was born in Meredith about 
forty-five years ago, but had lived in 
Laconia since early boyhood. His at- 
tractive personal qualities and his activity 
in sports and military affairs made him a 
wide circle of firm friends, not only in La- 



conia. bat also throughout the state. He 
was in constant demand as referee or um- 
pire at games, and was at one time di- 
rector of the athletics at the State Col- 
lege. 




Major J. PL Killourhy 

He was for twenty years in the engineer- 
ing department of the City of Laconia, but 
left his .work in 1917 and enlisted in the 
military service as a private in the Twenty- 
Third Engineers. He served at St. Mihiel, 
and after' the drive was commissioned 
Second Lieutenant. On March 9, 1919, he 
was promoted . to First Lieutenant. He 
served in the Argonne drive to the end and 
was in Germany with the army of occu- 
pation. 



436 THE GRANITE MONTHLY 

Major Ki.liourhy was a leading spirit in He was a memher of Laconia Council, 

organizing Frank VY. Wilkin? Post, No. "1, Knights of Columbus, of Laconia Lodge of 

American Legion of Laconia, and was its Elks and Interlaken Grange. 

first commander. He was recognized as There survive his widow, Mary, and 

one of the most powerful Legion men in seven children, Margaret, Gladys, Frances, 

the state and was junior vice-commander Dorothy, Ursula, Joseph H., Jr., and Ray- 

of the stale department Upon the recent mond 
re-organization of the National Guard, be 
was commissioned Captain of Battery C, 
197th Artillery, Anti-Aaircraft 



LIFE'S EVENTIDE 

By Allda Cogswell True 

Can it be we are nearing life's eventide? 

The day lias not seemed long — 
The morning bright ne'er hinted of night, 

So glad it was with song. 

At noontide we paused by the wayside, — 
Looking back o'er the winding lane — 

It's sunlit path showed no aftermath 
Of shadow, of sorrow or pain. 

After the noon, more oft we have paused, 
And find we have lost on the way 
A companion — a friend — who nearing the road's end 
Disappeared — leaving shadowed the day. 

Now we wonder why we hastened — 

Why stinted our word and song — 
For now when we may, they are gone away, — 

These friends for whose presence we long. 



ALONE 

By Marie Wilson 

She walked upon the shore — 

Alone ! 
The gray-blue sky drew near 

the deeper waves ; 
Her figure scanted, breezed — 

close. Dark hued, 
She, wave and sky — 
Alone! 

The afternoon of day — 
The afternoon of life — 
Yet hours shy of close, 
Yet years to fly like this — 
Sky, wave and she — 
Alone ! 



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u 



H3f 




TITE MONTHLY 



Vol. L1V. DECEMBER, 1922 No. 12 



METALAK. 

A TRUE STORY'. 

By Gertrude Weeks Marshall. 

-Through the brilliant autumn wilderness, magnificently gay in coloring. 

Grand with mighty trees, but within its depths deadly lurking dangers, 

Once travelled a band of Indians, small remnant of a tribe once numerous. 

Their bronze and sinewy bodies swayed with the forest shadows, 

Their paint and feathery ornaments blended with the forest hues; 

To the cold north had they been driven by the encroaching Whites, 

But were seeking new homes by the sweet waters of the Umbagog. 

Long and arduous, over hills and across lakes, had been their* journey, 

To avoid, in the valleys, settlements of watchful, fearless pioneers 

And still reach the Notch, where the mountains were cleft in twain, 

Giving easy passage to the region beyond, rich in game and fish. 

Metalak, once chief and bravest warrior, now with age feeble, 

But in counsel wise and able, walked in the. rear with aged braves, 

Squaws and various Indian luggage queer, borne by the stoutest. 

As they neared the basin before the Notch, surrounded by mountains high, 

Where towers old Table-rock, like an altar reared by giant hands 

Nigh to Heaven, Metalak, fatgiued by the day's long, tiresome journey, 

Stumbled and fell over a broken branch, that across the trail had fallen 

In such a way that the sharp end pierced his eye, its vision destroying. 

Silently he endured the agony while the squaws ran to aid him 

And with primitive but skilful surgery the torturing branch removed. 

Silent, while to a cooling spring they swiftly and smoothly carried him 

And cleansed the wound and bound it with healing herbs known to them. 

Then the tribe made mght encampment and a circle of blazing fires built 

Which protected from prowling beasts, and also cooked their game; 

Afterward in council gathered, to decide if best by morning's light 

To bear Metalak with them onward, onlv on the way fo die,' 

Or tarry awhile for his death, then with loud and savage ceremony 

Bury him in the shadow of Table-rock. Then said Metalak faintly; 

"My people, delay not your iourney for me; near are winter's frosts. 

You must hasten wigwams, food and clothing to prepare by the Umbagog. 

Like the tree by lightning blasted, soon will I be. stark and lifeless. 

Like a wild beast, with a deadly wound. I would die alone." 

So, at sunrise, with the stoicism of their race, alone in the wilderness, 

Thev left him. All day suffering he lav by the grateful spring 'water. 

Night came, cold and pale. Over Table-rock the silver moon rose. 

Tier clear light brought into relief the black vastness of the unbroken 

forest. 
Pityingly her beams seemed to shine upon the brave old warrior 
Prostrate on the frosty ground. At last, his mind by pain disordered, 
He rose, and wandered down the old trail, often in other days pursued, 



440 THE GRANITE MONTHLY 

Down the Mohawk Valley to the base of Mount Monadnock (Spirit 

Mountain), 
Thence up the Connecticut. He passed, unheeded, the homes of settlers, 
Until at last, starved and exhausted, against a cabin door he fell. 
The settler's wife, just lighting candles in the early autumn twilight, 
Heard the noise at the door; there she found the poor old Indian. 
In her strong young arms she carried him to the settle by the fire, 
And of broth and liquor made him drink, which, with the warmth, revived 

him. 
There among those strange white people, once enemies, now his friends, 
Metalak was nursed back to life, sightless, but new and pleasant. 
Many Indian ways he taught them, life in the wilds to ease, 
Indian methods of clearing land, clever snares for birds and beasts, 
Sugar to obtain from maple sap, to make the useful snowshoe, 
And the soft fringed moccasin, also the graceful swift canoe. 
Many years he lived among them, striving their kindnesa to repay, 
Peaceful and contented, until, gently, Manitou called him to the "Happy 

Hunting Ground." 

Copyright, 1922. by Gertrude Weeks Marshall. 

[Note: Mrs. Marshall furnishes a memorandum regarding the story of Metalak 
which may interest the reader unfamiliar with the local setting. The Mohawk 
Valley of New Hampshire extends from East Colebrook to Colebrook Village. 
Monadnock Mountain is across the Connecticut in Vermont. Metalak, after the 
accident related in the story, found his way unaided to Stewartstown, where he was 
found at the door of Mrs. Samuel Weeks. Later the town of Stewartstown cared 
for him.] 



TEE ALIEN 

By Lilian Sue Kecch 



I know a lane where the sweetbrier blows. 
Clinging to the old stone wall. 
\\ nere, in the spring, the violet grows. 
And black birds to their sweethearts call. 

The trumpet vine clings to the tree, 
The dogwood wears its mantle, white. 
The butterfly flits fancy free. 
And weds the flowers in its flight. 

I know a lane — 'tis far away — 
Where grows the wild sweetDrier. 
And what to me are orchids gay, 
Or Jacqueminot's dull fire? 

I'd rather be a milkmaid, free, 
My bare feet in the dew. 
Than wear the gold that's driven me 
Far from that lane and— you. 



HH V 



FHE INDIAN STREAM WAR 

By Mary R. P. Hatch 



[Mrs. Hatch, who is a novelist and play- 
wright now living in Massachusetts, here 
presents in fictional form a bit of history 
which she first heard from the older gen- 
eration when she resided many years ago 
in northern New Hampshire. The tale of 
the Indian Stream Territory reads al- 
most like fiction even in the historical 
records. Mrs. Hatch gives it the reality 
of the personal touch.] 

Mrs. Pilsbury sat knitting in her 
high-backed rocker. She was in her 
ninety-third year, but apparently as 
strong as ever. She had renewed 
her youth, or so she said, in knitting 
for the soldiers, a pair for every year 
of her age, and now that the war 
was over she still knit for the poor 
people of the desolated French coun- 
tries. "Only to think on't," she said 
to the Irving girls, "and I didn't 
use to know there was sech a place 
as Belgium. It's live and learn, 
sure enough." 

Judge Irving's daughters were 
spending a few of the summer weeks 
in the country to rest from arduous 
days in Washington. They had 
been in France many months, work- 
ing in canteens, and one had driven 
her own car for the Red Cross, while 
the other had helped in the hospital. 
Both had become engaged, one to a 
French officer, Count Declarine, and 
the other to a government official 
high in the confidence of the Presi- 
dent. Having done so well for 
themselves and their country, they 
felt that a rest in the place where 
their father first saw light would do 
them good. So here they were, sit- 
ting on the back porch munching 
winter apples and talking to Mrs. 
Pilsbury. Back in the kitchen they 
could hear Mandy stepping briskly 
from pantry to kitchen, occasionally 
calling loudly to Ephraim who was 
having a brief rest from the spring 
planting. 

"I do'no' 'bout putting the west 
field into oats," he said. "I'm sort- 



er studying on't, Mandy," they 
heard him say. 

"You know better'n I do 'bout 
that," replied Mandy. 

"What' say?" 

"You know a sight better'n I do 
what to plant and what not to 
plant," was Mandy's reply in a high- 
pitched tone. 

"Pity he's so deef," said Mrs. Pils- 
bury, "I can hear a sight better'n I 
lister, seems ef." 

"Father says you break every 
record in keeping young", said 
Ethel. "It's the nicest thing in the 
world to live so long and to pile up 
experiences of four or five genera- 
tions and to know all about our 
great grandparents." 

"I've lived through five wars. 
Less see : there was the Mexican 
War, the Injun Stream War, the 
Civil War, the Spanish War, and 
this War, the last that ever was-" 

"What about the Indian Stream 
War? 1 never heard anything 
about that." 

"Didn't your pa ever tell you 
about that? Wall, it was a real, 
actual war and folks was killed and 
all that, but I guess folks don't know 
much about it in a gen'ral way." 

"Tell us about it, dear Mrs. Pils- 
burv. won't you?" 

"If you never heard on't it stands 
me in hand to tell you. But I can't 
understand how it is your pa never 
knew about it. His fathers' uncle 
went to it ; and so did Peter Muzzy 
and Eli Cole, both on em neighbors 
of his grandsir." 

"Perhaps he knows, but I never 
heard him speak of it." 

"Wall, it happened in the Iniun 
Stream Country, jest on the aidge 
of Canady, 'bout thirty miles from 
here. I was up there at the time 
sewing for old Mis Peters in the 
line house. 'Twas right on the line 
betwixt Canady and the Territory, 



442 



THE GRANITE MONTHLY 



and ,so they called it the 'line house'. 

"Them Peterses was a quarrel- 
some set. father and sons, and it was 
Ephraim Peters that set the fuss a 
goi'ii-. Born smugglers, the whole 
on 'em. In 1812 old Peters used to 
keep a tailor's shop in the line house, 
and he'd buy sights of broadcloth, 
preUndin' to make it up into suits 
of close. He did, some on't, but the 
most on't his boys Ephraim and 
Plenry'd carry in packs through the 
woods in the night to Hoskins' hut, 
and some men would meet 'em there 
with sledges or pungs and carry the 
goods to Portland and Boston. It 
was easy, you see, bein' so fur off, 
and next to no houses 'round there. 
But the smugglin' was found out, 
being carried on 'round the line, and 
Government sent up some malishy 
men. There was a lot of fighting 
betwixt 'em and a good many men 
was killed, first and last, for they 
went armed to the teeth all the time, 
as the sayin' is. Henry died of a 
wound he got. 

"About this time, Amos Bounce 
of Canaan, Vermont, used to git 
permits to take cattle into Canady. 
He owned a .saw-mill there. But af- 
ter a while folks said he fetched in 
as many cattle as he took over, but 
sold 'em to the Britishers. So the 
custom house officers got old Lef- 
tenent Demrnit to guard the line, so 
he' couldn't take over no more. Wall, 
Bounce, he come along with a yoke 
of cattle and persisted in goin' 
over. Demmit, actin' on orders, 
shot him down. They 'rested Dem- 
mit, the civil 'thorities did, and car- 
ried hirn to jail. But he got away 
and took to the woods and lived 
there all winter. The nex' summer 
Bounce's friends found him, in Au- 
gust it was, and they shot him 
through the back. Then they 
fetched him out of the woods and 
carried him to Guildhall in a two- 
horse wagon. Your pa's folks must 
'a' seen him go by. Folks said he 



was cheated shameful on the way; 
anyway he was dreadfully jolted 
and throwed into the cart like a 
log. Miss Ellis, .she told me with 
her own lips about it, and how they 
stopped to her house for water and 
how she mentioned she would carry 
some to Demmit, and how they 
wouldn't let her. He died soon 
after he got to Guildhall. 

"Government took it up and sent 
a comp'ny of regular soldiers up 
that put a stop to smugglin' of all 
sorts. Bounce's son, Henry, was 
took up to be tried for treason, 
but, bein' so young, never fetched 
to trial. But all this, you see. 
sorter set the Injun Stream folks to 
sword's p'ints with the States and 
made 'em friendly to Canaday, and 
when the committee from the States 
and Canady tried to set the 
boundary line betwix' 'em, why 
they couldn't, or wouldn't, agree- 
The settlers all '.sposed they was 
in Xew Hampshire, but the Cana- 
dians claimed all the land west of 
Injun Stream, and that was jest 
about half of Injun Stream Terri- 
tory, as it was called. 

"Canady built roads and laid out 
a township and seemed determined 
to have ' it, hit er miss. The 
Peterses and Bounces, and a lot 
more, wanted to go with Canady. 
There was two hundred and eighty- 
five people there and they had 
eight hundred and forty-seven acres 
of land under cultivation. They 
claimed their deeds under Philip, a 
chief of the St. Francis tribe of 
Injuns, and the survey that was 
made by Jeremiah Eames. You 
know the Eames that are descended 
from old Jeremiah. I told you 
folks about his seein' Mis Eames, 
his wife, under the ellum tree when 
she come to him after she was killed 
bv fallin' down the suller stairs. 
Wall, old Jeremiah Eames drawed 
up most of the old deeds of them, 
times, and it was him that made the 



THE INDIAN STREAM WAR 



443 



survey of the Canadian line, bein' 
as how he was a great surveyor, 
too. 

''Everything got dreadful onset- 
tied — some makin' out they 'was in 
Canady and some contendin' for the 
States. If a settler owed a debt 
and a sheriff tried to collect it, win- 
he stood out and the neighbors 
took sides. Canady about this 
time sorter took charge and made 
some of the settlers do malishy 
duty. This was in 1831, when I 
was about five years old. But I 
rec'lec' wall hearin' folks that about 
it. 

"Them that was for the States 
got scat and applied for help, but 
before they got it a separate gov- 
ernment was talked oi. The cus- 
tom house officers taxed 'em with 
dooties, and this set 'em all by the 
ears ; so what did they do on July 
the ninth, in the year of our Lord 
1832, but set up a government of 
their own. I rec'lec' mother's 
tellin'me about it jest as plain a.s 
if it was yisterdy. She said how 
Miss Peters had 'em all there, and 
mother went up to help. She didn't 
set down to the table, but her and 
Mis Peters heerd it talked over 
whilst they was waitin' on the table. 
It was all planned then. They 
called the government 'The United 
Inhabitants of Injun Stream,' and 
it was to be in force till the boun- 
dery line was settled. They had an 
assembly and a council. Epb 
Peters was one of the council, and 
mother said she never should for- 
git the airs he put on, if she got to 
be a hundud. They had made up 
their minds, they said, to resist 
New Hampshire anyway. 

" 'We'll show 'em,' 'Eph said, 'we 
aint goin' to be tred on.' But land 
sakes alive! They didn't know 
what they was a doin'. When the 
news got to Concord in a week or 
two, why the Governor and his 
Council said ri^ht off that sech 
doin's wan't to be allowed. So they 



sent a letter to Sheriff While — Ana- 
bel White, you think so much of is 
his great granddaughter — and in 
that letter claim was laid to Injun 
Stream Territory in the name of 
the United States, and they said 
they should enforce the laws there. 
"There was great excitement all 
along the line, and to all the houses 
where lived the ones that wanted 



to go back to smui 



:gnn . 



Mother 



said she heerd it all talked over lots 
of times, how if Injun Stream was 
nootrai it would be the. makin' of 
them all, and Ephraim Peters went 
a horseback up an' down the set- 
tlement tryin' for to stir 'em up to 
resist. Eph's wife went gaddin' 
about the neighbors a-tryin' to stir 
up the women folks, and the coun- 
cil met that night and voted to 
abide by their laws instid of the 
United States, and so it went on all 
winter. The United States must 
V ben tumble shiftless to 'low it, 
but the snow was deep and the 
stages coundn't run, so mebbe the 
Governor and Council didn't really 
know how the Injun Stream folks 
was cuttin' up. 

"Anyway, smugglin' fcvvas took 
up agin, that I know, for one day 
I peeked into a closet that happened - 
to be unlocked — mother had sent me 
to borry some seleratus — and I see 
stacks and stacks of broadcloth 
and silks and velvets; and that very 
night Nickleson Bennett, the chore 
boy to the Peterses, was woke up 
in the night by strange sounds, so 
he told father. He got up and 
peeked out his winder and he see 
Peters and his wife jest as plain as 
day, and he said they was a handin' 
out them goods to two men in a 
long pung .sleigh. He told father 
he stood at the head of the ladder 
he dumb up by, and the end on't 
almost teched Mis Peters, so you 
see they wan't fur apart, and he 
couldn't ben mistook. But they 
never spoke, none on 'em, not one 
word, leaswhile he stood there, so 



444 



THE GRANITE MONTHLY 



he told father- Livin' as the Pe- 
terses did, with one side in Canady 
and t'other in the States made 
smugglin' dreadful easy. 

"One of the Peterses' great 
friends was Justice Ellin wood of 
Hereford. He lived next house to 
the Peterses on the Canady side, 
and most folks 'spicioned he had a 
hand in the smugglin' business, 
justice EJlinwood was allowed to 
serve writs in the Territory, but the 
Coos county sheriff was forbid, 
and Ellinwood made speeches time 
and agin urgin' the people to resist 
if he ever tried. So when the sher- 
iffs, there was three on 'em, come to 
serve a writ on Ephraim Peters, 
why he swore he wouldn't turn out no 
property to be 'tached, and so the 
sheriffs 'rested him and was takin' 
him away when the Bounces come 
up and rescued him from their 
hands. It was right in the door 
yard ; I see it all from our back 
door. Mis Peters happened to see 
me, so she sent me over to Ellin- 
wood's to tell him about it, and he 
set right down and drawed up a 
warrent in the name of Great Brit- 
ian aginst the sheriffs. 

"Bein' that BJanchard was the 
only one that lived to Injun Stream, 
the others comin' from Canaan and 
Stewartown, jest Blanchard was 
'rested by a force of about fifteen 
men and took to Canady for trial. 
But Mr. Haynes, Blanchard's 
neighbor, as soon as he was told, 
got on his hoss and started for 
Colebrook, notifyin' the men folks 
all along the way that Blanchard 
was took by the Britishers. The 
men all armed, and in a little while 
three hundud men 'sembled at 
Canaan and they was sent out dif- 
ferent ways to find and rescue 
Blanchard. 

"Mis Peters was turrible excited, 
and she ast me to stay and run ar- 
rands for her. First she sent me 
over to Mis Haynes' to borry some 
yeast, jest as if nothin' had hap- 



pened, and she told me to stay and 
find out what I could. Bein' a 
child so, of course I didn't know 
nothin' about law. and justice, and 
I liked to know tilings. Mis 
Haynes was second cousin to Mis 
Peters on the father's side, and they 
neighbored considerable, though, 
they wan't no great friends, and the 
menfolks scerce ever spoke to each 
other when they could help it. I 
was glad to go, for I thought it a 
good chance, and I staid most all 
day. Mother said I might when I 
dodged in through the back way fo 
ask her. I was there when Blanch- 
ard come back with Mr. Haynes. 
and I heard all about the rescue- 

"Blanchard was within a mild of 
Ellinwood's house, where they was 
takin' him. when they was met by 
eight men on horseback, all of 'em 
armed, that had come to find him. 
They ordered that Blanchard be 
give up, but no, they refused. They 
all talked and parleyed, telling them 
of the three hundud men up Canaan 
way, and finally they give up 
Blanchard. Not a blow was struck 
and not a shot fired. But a reward 
of five dollars was offered for the 
capture of Peters, bein' as how he 
was an old offender, and two offi- 
cers, Aldrich and Hurlbert, started 
right off to find him, but as soon 
as they crossed the line, Ellinwood 
with a dozen men at his heels, met 
them and ordered them back off his 
grounds. He ordered his men to 
'rest Aldrich and Hurlbert, but 
Hurlbert drawed a pistol and Al- 
drich advised Ellinwood not to go 
nigh Hurlburt for he might git shot. 
Then Ellinwood told one of his men 
to take Aldrich's horse by the bri- 
dle and he tried for to 'rest him, but 
Aldrich fit him off with his sword, 
and then Ellinwood and his men be- 
gun to throw stones. Two stones 
hit Hurlbert, and upon that he fired 
and hit one of the men. Up come 
thirty or forty men from Canaan, 
and Ellinwood got scat and run in- 



THE INDIAN STREAM WAR 



445 



to the woods, Aldrich after him. 
After they had quite a squirmish, 
they took Ellinwood and fetched 
him to Cole-brook, but in a few 
hours they let him go. Edgar 
Aldrich is the son of the one that 
took Ellinwood. 

"Wall, Canady took it up, and 
so did the States, and there w r as 
great excitement all round. The 
Adjutant General, he ordered into 
service, to help the sheriff of Coos 
County, a captain, lef tenant, one 
ensign, one sergeant, two musicians 
and forty-two privates for three 
months, if they was needed. I've 
seen the list many a time. I can 
name morn half on 'em now. The 
order was give at six o'clock to 
the colonel and at three o'clock 
next mornin' twenty men had come, 
some on 'cm travelin' nineteen 
miles afoot. This was in Novem- 
ber, 1835. I saw 'em march by and 
they looked grand, I tell ye. The 
officers had a sword and belt, with 
a plume on their caps- The uni- 
form was blue trimmed with red. 
Some of the men had on malishy 
suits, and the horses w T as dressed 
out as gay as the men. 

"There was some fightin' and 
some was 'rested. Canady 'thori- 
ties threatened, and Governor 
Badger said he would order out 
more troops if they was needed ; 
but after awhile the troubles sorter 
died out, some movin' across the 
line into Canady and the rest 
thinkin' it best to submit. The 
line house was shet up. Some of 
the settlers made claims that wan't 
fixed up till 1840, when Webster 
settled with Great Britian. Less 
see, it was called the Webster-Ash- 



burton Treaty, and in it the line 
was laid down as the States claimed. 
And now here I been knittin' for 
the allies over there, and the French 
and Injuns and Britishers and Ca- 
nadians all fightin' together. My 
land, how things do change, don't 
they?" 

"How can you remember so 
much?" asked one of the girls. 

'"'Why, I hain't nothin' to do but 
remember nowadays. I set and 
set, and things come back jest as 
clear as when they happened, a 
sight clearer than what happened 
last week. When you are children 
the things you see and hear make a 
great impression, and 1 was allers 
a great hand to ask questions, and 
father and mother wan't seldom 
ever too much in a hurry to tell me. 
I'll tell you sometime some stories 
that father used to tell us childun 
settin' round the fireplace, mother 
spinning on the big wheel and 
father whittlin' out axehelves or 
sugar taps or hoe handles. He was 
jest as busy evenin's as mother 
was." 

Mrs. Pilsbury finished her sock 
and tale together, both yarns prov- 
ing of long duration, saying with 
true authors' egotism, "I call that 
story a good deal better than some 
you read nowadays, for it's true. I 
wonder if Mandy don't want me to 
help her with the ironin'. She is 
stepping considerable fine and 
makin' some noise, so I guess I'd 
better go-" 

"You promised to tell us about 
an old-fashioned dance sometime." 

"You mean a junket. Yes, I'll 
tell you about one we had when I 
was a girl at Square Doolittle's." 



LjVlfi 



MEMORIES 

By Kaiharine Sawin Oakes 

Meadow-set among the hills, 

Pine-screened from the river, 
Lulled at dusk by whippoorwills 

And the veeries' silver thrills 
Of swinging song a-quiver,— 

Century-old, the farmhouse lifts 

Ripened planks and spaces ; 
Smokes from ancient chimney rifts ; — 
Scorns the winter's savage drifts ;— 
Summer's sun outfaces. 

At one corner stands a shrub 

Lilac-sweet in Junetime, 
And the garden is a club 
Where the bumblebees all rub 

Shoulders in the noontime. 

Phlox is there and mignonette, 

Balsam, purple pansy, 
Larkspur, lilies, Bouncing Bet. 
Peonies and,— backward set, — 

Hollyhocks and tansy. 

Often, summer afternoons, 

By the damask roses, 
Grandma sews and hums old tunes, 
Sometimes knitting as she croons, — 

Grandpa reads and dozes. 

All within the house is neat, — 

Front hall to back entry, — 
Clean and cool and country-sweet, 
Shaded from the sun and heat, — 
Silence for a sentry. 

Spacious rooms, low-ceiled and dim, 

Painted floors, broad-boarded, 
Chairs and tables old and trim, 
Little woodstoves squatting grim, — 
'Gainst the winter hoarded. 

Landscaped walls their scenes repeat 

Up the slim-railed stairway 
To slant roofs where raindrops beat,- 
Summer evenings, — quick retreat 
To slumber's pleasant fairway. 



MEMORIES 447 



From the ell the steep back stairs 
Toward the kitchen stumble, — 

Fragrant from its morning" cares. 

It leisurely for tea prepares 
With the kettle's grumble. 

In the milk room, pans are set, 

Shining cool and dimly ;— 
Ranged in creamy silhouette, 
Big and little crocks beset 

Shadowed shelves so primly. 

Just inside the woodshed door. 

The dinner bell hangs,— -teeming 
With summons for an eager corps 
From mowing field or threshing floor 
To hearty dishc 

Where the barn casts ample shade, 

Leo lies a-panting, 
Resting from a far crusade, 
Heedless of the hens' parade, — 

The swallow's squeaky chanting. 

High within, sweet-smeling mows 

With clovered hay are drifted; — 
The linter mute, until the cows, 
Herded home at evening, drowse 
Above milk streams down sifted. 

Mossy-rimmed, the old trough stands 

With icy water streaming, — 
Brown depths shot with silvery bands 
Of minnows caught by childish hands,— 

A-dart and thinly gleaming. 

Ah ! that brook, that, alder-grown, 

Through the pasture wandered, 

Murmuring in undertone 

As it slipped o'er sand and stone, 

Wise thoughts, gayly pondered. 

* * ' * * * 

They are distant many a day, — 

All these scenes and faces, — 
Time has swept them jar away, 
Love will cherish them alway 

In the heart's high places. 



^v<? 



THE OLD DOVER LANDING 



By Joint B. Stevens. 



We shall be able to see ancient 
Dover as a whole, when Mr. Scales' 
history is published. But writers 
of newspaper sandwiches, maga- 
zine tales, sketches and gropings, 
may still be expected to find some- 
thing- new and interesting. 

The popular history of an old 
New England town has a large ele- 
ment of anecdote, plainness and 
coarseness it it. Stray waifs — straws 
in the intellectual atmosphere — not 
infrequently afford material for the 
most efficacious treatment. 

Always there will be occupation 
for the tradition hunter's leisure 
hours and lighter moods. For 
years to come the Water Side and 
Tuttle Square are likely to yield 
traces of color and suggestion. 

smell o 



The stories will not s 
lamp. They are likely 



the 
to address 
the sensibilities rather than the in- 
tellect of readers. One hundred 
years ago, neither the Landing nor 
Tuttle Square was a literary center. 
With few exceptions, the people did 
not apprehend books. From gen- 
eration to generation every son was 
a chip of the old block. They were 
plodders, and it was not difficult to 
manage them. Common opinion 
only nibbled at the rights of labor, 
leaving many things to the minister. 

The Old Landing has more hu- 
man interest than any other part of 
Dover. From the sea to the great 
north country, the best route was 
through the ancient town. For pur- 
pose of trade everything wanted in 
the lonely region was unloaded on 
the Landing wharves. The people 
of the riverside realized this ad- 
vantage. They built schooners and 
gondolas and established a line of 
communication throughout the 
state. 

The alternate bustle and languor 
of the Landing streets and stores 



and open places, the old-fashioned 
taverns and underground bars — 
cool in summer and aflame with 
comfort in winter, sailors from 
Boston and Portsmouth, all furnish 
material for the sketch-writer. And 
we may rest assured that the primi- 
tive yarns told before yawning fire- 
places, piled high with timber from 
dismantled ships, have not wholly 
passed into oblivion. However, 
it must be admitted, that much lies 
buried under new crusts and may 
never be discovered. 

From the town pump to where 
John Williams' store stood, Main 
street reeks with memories of the 
olden times. Even so far down as 
the closely packed lane, later known 
as Linton's, the interest extends. 

Agent Williams, Superintendent 
Paul, Editor Bragg, Captain Rog- 
ers, Dr. Joseph H. Smith, John P. 
Hale, B. P. Shillaber and Charles 
Gordon Ames, with others of note, 
lived at different times in the 
neighborhood. Matters are differ- 
ent now. But alb has not been said. 
It is far from easy to overstate the 
rudeness of the old days. But the 
buildings they set up must be al- 
lowed to redound to the honesty of 
the period. Grim and grimed to- 
day, an air of permanence still re- 
mains. 

The painter, Gookin, turned 
many a dollar down there. He 
sketched everybody; crumbling 
warehouses, boat shelters, schoon- 
ers, gondolas, the ripples, reflec- 
tions and gleams of the river. 
Thanks to his brush we know just 
how the leading inhabitants looked. 
But there was a finer rrfind at work. 
At the highest pitch of the local- 
ity's activity, the peering eyes and 
listening ears of the boy Quint were 
busy. And to him we are indebted 
for what we really know about the 



THE OLD DOVER LANDING 



449 



dateless head of Dover tide-water.. 

A very old man, whose people 
lived elose to this river long before 
our second war with Great Britain, 
gave us much information regard- 
ing the Landing. We have not 
been so fortunate as to Tuttle 
Square. But when the Tufts mem- 
orabilia becomes available, doubt- 
less some wonderful stories will- 
come to light. The old man spoken 
of said the ancient people, up and 
down Main street, went to ex- 
tremes. They were either exces- 
sively well-to-do or extremely poor. 
There was no middle class, so no 
general sense of propriety existed. 
The butchers often slaughtered 
hogs on the Square. The auction- 
eer stood on the watering trough. 
Frequently a battle-royal at fisti- 
cuffs delayed proper use of the 
street. And between whiles terriers 
killed rats, and there were cock- 
fights in the vicinity. 

But patience measurably brought 
about better conditions. Time 
takes hold of human nature as no 
man has yet. As years went on, 
and when their daughters found em- 
ployment in the mills, the people 
became more refined, dressed their 
meat at proper places, and conduct- 
ed their pugilistic combats on the 
wharves. And now the raw hand 
of improvement is spreading its 
rule over all the locality. This will 



cost something. The point of 
many an old story will be blunted. 
The prosy cotton mills are helping 
out the -spoliation. The whirl of a 
spindle cramps the antiquary's 
hand. 

The demon rum has been exer- 
cised without bill or book. Tins is 
not ail. The old buildings must go. 
Though strong enough to sustain 
themselves for a thousand years to 
come, within another generation 
very few will be in existence. The 
original inhabitants died out, and 
one at a time three nationalities 
have 'come in. There is some dan- 
ger of tameness and dulness, but 
the language of the ballheld and 
fistic arena may offer restraint. 

At any rate the Landing is a no- 
table melting pot. Moreover, the 
impression is gaining, that some 
da}' we shall be proud of the ancient 
Landing. There Dover's battle for 
better living began. There it 

started on a plane low enough for 
us to see the stages of advance- 
ment. Landing hearts were easily 
exalted. They instinctively throb- 
bed and burned in hours of national 
danger. Their tough thews and 
s*inews filled uniforms in every 
great struggle. The wine of their 
lives has been spilt on all of our 
tented fields. And the sea has had 
no braver sailors. All this it may 
be well to remember. 



IN THE GARDEN 

By Alice Leigh 

Strange comfort I have drawn from these 

Gypsy colors on swaying trees ; 

The fall of crisped leaves on the grass, 

The tottch of tendrils as I pass; 

The scattered flame of asters, tall 

Against a somber graying wall; 

The way of wind with roses — 

Swiftly their wonder about me closes, 

As if a sudden, deep belief 

Had laid cool fingers on my grief. 



*i£0 



OUTDOOR SPORTS IN COLONIAL TIMES 

By Samuel Copy Worthen 



[Mr. Worthen, of New Hampshire fam- 
ily connections, is a resident of New jer- 
sey and practises law in New York City. 
He kindly allows us the use of this paper, 
which was prepared for a meeting of the 
Sons of the American Revolution, of which 
he is the geneaologist in his home state.] 

A devotee of our woods and 
streams has remarked that many as- 
tonishing cures have been made by 
"that most effective of surgical in- 
struments, the gun" ; and that the 
fishing-pole has cheated death of 
more victims than the apothecary's 
pestle and pill-box. Though ex- 
aggerated, this statement contains 
a germ of truth. Outdoor sports 
strengthen the muscles, soothe the 
nerves, accelerate the circulation of 
the blood and produce a subtle im- 
pression upon mind and character. 
The}' have always been justly re- 
garded as an important factor in the 
development of national virility. 
Hence a brief glance at the favorite 
sports of the colonists prior to the 
struggle for independence may not 
be without interest. 

A pessimistic Englishman, writ- 
ing soon after the war, reported that 
there was plenty of shooting in the 
United States, but little that could 
be called hunting. There were (he 
said) no greyhounds, no hares with 
the manners and habits of the home- 
grown product, and scarcely a pack 
of hounds in America ! He com- 
plained that hunters did not follow 
deer but shot them from ambush 
like Indians. He evidently thought 
all was wrong which did not con- 
form exactly to the rules prescribed 
in the tight little Isle of Britain. 
The colonists for the most part pre- 
ferred to abandon stereotyped tradi- 
tions and to act in a manner suit- 
ed to the new conditions by which 
they were surrounded. 

Deer were hunted in a variety of 
ways. Sometimes the hunters post- 
ed themselves on knolls or other 



commanding positions and waited 
for the deer to pass within shooting 
distance of their "stations," after 
they had been driven from cover by 
men and dogs. Others sought their 
haunts by the shores of lakes and 
rivers; or in Indian fashion attract- 
ed therrf by moving to and fro in 
the tall grass, alternately imitating 
the cry of the male and raising into 
view the head and horns of a full- 
grown buck. This sport was not 
devoid of danger, for deer will fight 
desperately when wounded or at 
bay, leaping up and striking with 
their sharp-edged hoofs. The num- 
bers killed will be indicated by the 
fact that in 1764 over 25,000 deer 
skins were shipped from New York 
and Philadelphia. 

The critic above quoted might 
have felt more at home if he had wit- 
nessed a fox hunt in Virginia. This 
was a favorite sport from Maryland 
southward, but little practiced else- 
where- Gay parties rode to the 
hounds over hill and dale, through 
swamp and thicket, in the approved 
English fashion, all striving to be 
in at the death of their cunning and 
resourceful, if not very ferocious, 
prey. No doubt Washington fre- 
quently took part in this invigorat- 
ing pastime. Other typical sports 
in the south were cock-fighting and 
horse-racing. The races were re- 
garded as the great events of the 
year. Planters came in from all 
parts of the country to enter their 
horses in the "quarter-races" or to 
contest for a purse in three-mile 
heats. Shops were closed and 
streets deserted, and for hours the 
roads leading to the race-course 
were choked with horses, vehicles 
and pedestrians. Then as in later 
days, however, gatherings for the 
enjoyment of this line sport w r ere 
too often marred by an excessive 
manifestation of the gambling 



OUTDOOR SPORTS IN COLONIAL TIMES 



451 



spirit, and by drunkenness and 
fighting- among the lower elements 
of the population. 

In the North hunting and fish- 
ing, target shooting-, snowshoeing 
and field sports, such as running 
and jumping, were popular diver- 
sions. It is not easy to draw a 
dividing line between sports and 
useful activities, as the two were 
often combined. For example, a 
"raising," when the whole country- 
side turned out to help a neighbor 
put up a house or barn, was made a 
highly festive occasion. Joy \vas 
added to the proceedings by copious 
drafts of cider or New England 
rum. Shouts of mirth arose as the 
canteen was passed from mouth to 
mouth, and when the building was 
completed one of the party would 
dedicate or christen it by climbing 
to the top, repeating some rude 
couplet and breaking a bottle or at- 
taching a branch of a tree to the 
gable. 

Trips through the frozen wilder- 
ness on .snowshoes were not always 
made purely for sport, though con- 
stituting the best of outdoor exer- 
cise. The snowshoe men of early 
days were the main defense of the 
settlements against marauding sav- 
ages. On snowshoes the back- 
woodsmen of the north sallied 
forth to track the lordly moose 
to his lair and engage him in single 
combat. Thus equipped they push- 
ed across the icy wastes with trap 
and gun in quest of the fur-bearing 
animals. 

Sometimes expeditions were di- 
rected against wolves and bears, 
and were almost as much in the na- 
ture of defensive warfare as sport- 
Wolves came down in famished 
packs from Canada, killing sheep 
and pigs and other domestic ani- 
mals and rendering it unsafe for 
children to go to school unattended. 
Bears were also regarded as trouble- 
some enemies, and bounties were 
paid for their destruction. 

The best time to hunt bears was 



in the early part of the winter, after 
the snow had come, but while they 
could still find nuts for food and had 
not yet sought their dens for the 
the remainder of the cold season- 
Dogs were trained to track them 
down, snap at their heels and dodge 
back in time to avoid their teeth 
and claws. Thus they were held 
until the hunters came up. Some- 
times a bear would take refuge in a 
tree. When besieged there he 
would not try to escape by sliding 
down the trunk, but, would roll up, 
precipitate hinrself suddenly from 
some high branch to the ground and 
trundle away like a hoop into the 
woods. If cornered or wounded 
these animals would fight savagely 
and were capable of making things 
lively for their human as well as 
their canine opponents. 

The men and boys of our North- 
ern climes also delighted in such 
minor sports as angling for trout 
and pickerel ; spearing "suckers'' as 
they swarmed up the brooks and 
streams in the springtime, or the 
flashing salmon as they strove to 
leap obstructing water-falls ; and 
thoroughly enjoyed creeping 

through rain and freezing cold in 
quest of the much prized canvas- 
back. 

A volume would be required to 
do justice to my subject. This very 
incomplete account may, however, 
convey some idea of the part played 
by open-air sports in moulding the 
minds and bodies of our colonial 
ancestors. Much stress has been 
laid upon the lessons which they 
learned during their long conflicts 
with the French and Indians and 
the discipline which they derived 
from the hardships and privations 
incident to frontier life but out- 
door sports, such as those above 
described, no doubt aided materially 
in building up a race of strong, re- 
sourceful men fit to cope with the 
trained armies of Britain on the 
field of battle. 



Is* 



A BROOK IN THE WOODS 

(Late Afternoon in Autumn) 

By Charles Wharton Stork 

Smoothly, swiftly the brook swirls by, 

And through the tree-tops the paling sky 

Wistfully smiles and watches it go, — 

Wonders why it must always flow: 

Joy lies in seeing, and joy in loving; 

Joy is in being, not in moving, — 

So broods the sky. The stout old trees 

Wonder too as they stand at ease. 

Stare at the shadowy surface black 

That goes and goes and never comes back, 

Or in some pool where the light falls through 

See themselves and the filmy blue 

Of the sky. "Whirl on !" the trees then scoff, 

"You can't even whirl our image off/' 

But bluff and staunch as the great trees stand, 

They drop through many a listless hand, 

Bit by bit and fold upon fold, 

Their raiment of crimson and cloth- of-gold. 

And this is the song that the brook bears deep 

In its liquid heart, while it seems asleep: 

I can not tell why T have to run, 

When the pausing-time of the year has begun, 

When the winds are drowsing and birds are few. 

When all is strange, but nothing new, 

When Death is more tender than ever Life was; 

And yet I may never take breath, because — 

Because, because — shall I never know why, 

When Nature's footsteps are lingering, I 

Must hurry, must hurry, and never be still? 

The little fish in my depths are chill; 

They go to hide in the good brown mud, 

And my water-plants droop with the sinking flood 

Of the vital warmth from the world and me. 

But I do not pause;, though more stealthily 

1 ' seem to go , I am hushed to hear 

The last half-sigh of the failing year. 



^T3 



BATH--A TOWN THAT WAS 



By Kate /. Kimball 



"Bath? Where is Bath?" The 
question was asked a few years ago, 
by the head of a New Hampshire 
school for boys — a school of na- 
tional fame. 

Bath is in Grafton county for- 
ty-one miles from Dartmouth Col- 
lege, eighty-two from Concord, 
thirty from Mount Washington, 
and one hundred fifty from Boston. 
(These are not the numbers used by 
conductors that take up mileage 
on the trains of the Boston and 
Maine.) 

The town is pleasantly located 
in the valley of the Connecticut. 
The Ammonoosuc River enters its 
borders near the northeast corner; 
and, after pursuing a circuitous 
course and receiving the waters of 
the Wild Ammonoosuc four miles 
from its mouth, flows into the Con- 
necticut at the southwest angle of 
the town. Near the confluence of 
these rivers Mount Gardner rises 
with a bold ascent, and extends in 
a northeasterly direction, nearly 
parallel with the Connecticut River, 
the whole length of the town. 

Bath was first surveyed in 1760 
by marking its corners, and desig- 
nating it as Number 10. In 1761 a 
charter was granted to sixty-two 
men. One of the provisions of the 
charter was that every grantee 
should plant and cultivate within 
the term of five years, five acres for 
every fifty acres of his grant. This 
provision not having been complied 
with, the original charter was for- 
feited, and a second one granted in 
1769. This priceless document is 
said to be still in existence. 

The first Town Meeting was held 
in 1784. In 1785 delegates from 
twelve towns met at the house of 
William Eastman in Bath and 
chose Major John Young as a mem- 
ber of the General Court to be con- 
vened at Portsmouth, Meshech 



Weare, then being president, as the 
executive head of the state was 
styled under the Constitution of 
1784. This William Eastman was 
the son of Hannah Eastman who 
was taken captive by Indians at the 
same time Hannah Dustin was 
captured. Mrs. Eastman was taken 
to Canada, where her husband found 
her after a search of three years. 
The Indians rarely killed white 
women on account of their superior- 
ity to squaws in the noble art of 
cooking. 

In 1793, three towns, Bath, Lis- 
bon and Lincoln/ united in choos- 
ing a Representative, and these 
three towns continued to form one 
Representative District until 1800 
when Bath alone sent a Representa- 
tive- 

Champlain, the noted French ex- 
plorer, is said to have been the first 
white man to set foot upon the soil 
of what is now New Hampshire. 
This occurred in July, 1605, but the 
first settlement was not made until 
1623. The North Country, or Cohos, 
as this part of the state was 
called in early times, was settled 
late on account of fear of depreda- 
tions by the French and Indians, 
coming down from Canada. Daniel 
Webster once said in a public 
speech, "My elder brothers and sis- 
ters were born in a log cabin, reared 
among the snow drifts of New 
Hampshire at so early a period 
(1761) that when the smoke first 
rose from its rude chimney and 
curled over the frozen hills, there 
was no similar evidence of a white 
man's habitation between it and the 
settlements on the rivers of Can- 
ada." 

The first settler in Bath was An- 
drew Gardner who came in 1765, 
and for him' Mount Gardner was 
named. At one time there were no 
less than nine families living on the 



454 



TH E ( "i R A X IT E MONTH L V 



mountain. The first settler in the 
village was Jaaziel Harriman. He 
was the first man that brought his 
family with him. The Harrimans 
were the first settlers that came to 
the North Country by the way of 
Salisbury, where the Websters 
lived. The pioneers employed an 
old hunter to guide them through 
the wilderness, and they were four 
days performing the journey from 
Concord. 



The first vegetables raised in 
town were planted by Mercy Har- 
riman.. then nine years of age, who 
earried the soil in her apron to the 
top of the rock, and there made her 
garden. Wolves, bear, deer and 
moose were prevalent in considera- 
ble numbers, and the spot for the 
garden was chosen on account of its 
elevation in preference to the fer- 
tile land near the brook, later called 
Payson Brook which flows through 




Up the River — Bath 



A pitch of 500 acres was voted 
in 1767 to Harriman, and he owned 
all the land on which the village 
now stands. The abstract of title 
to all village property goes back to 
him, and the falls were long known 
as Harriman Falls. The first birth 
in town was that of his daughter, 
Mary ; and the first death, that of 
his little son, two years of age, by- 
accident. This little fellow was 
the first person buried in the village 
cemetery. The Harrimans camp- 
ed near the two. rivers; and there 
were four wigwams, occupied by 
red people, between their cabin 
and the Wild Ammonoosuc. 



the meadow. Mercy later married 
a man by the name of Carr, and 
died at Corinth, Vermont in 1847 
at the age of eighty-nine. Eighty- 
nine! Another link in the chain 
of evidence that gardening is con- 
ducive to longevity. 

The Harrimans lived in Bath but 
two years, when they removed to 
Chester, New Hampshire. The re- 
moval was due to Mrs. Harriman's 
dread of Indians. She was a brave 
woman ; but when, in the absence of 
her husband who had gone to pro- 
cure provisions, four savages, deco- 
rated with paint, invaded the pri- 
vacy of her bedroom where she was 



BATH— A TOWN THAT WAS 



455 



sleeping with her young children , 
and when she was obliged to rise 
from her couch at night to hurl 
torches of blazing pine knots among 
the wolves to drive them from her 
cabin, she decided that she pre- 
ferred to live where there were 
more white people- 
Mercy was as courageous as her 
mother. Seeing some Indians ap- 
proaching, both parents being ab- 
sent, she hastened the younger 



Rath has not always been the 
quiet little hamlet it now is. In its 
period of greatest prosperity, from 
1820 to 1850, it was the most im- 
portant town in the North Country. 
Its prosperity was due to its fertile 
soil (it being one of the best agri- 
cultural towns in the state), its 
water power, central location, the 
integrity and energy of its inhabi- 
tants, and the large proportion of 
wealthy men. In 1830 its popula- 



£ 




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The Street — Bath 



children into a kind of closet that 
was partitioned off by a blanket in 
one corner of the room, hid one of 
them in a barrel of feathers, another 
under a wash-tub, and herself re- 
tired under the bed with the baby — 
feeing it sugar and water to keep 
it quiet. The Indians came in, 
looked around ; and, perceiving no 
one, took some tallow, and went 
off. Mrs. Harriman sometimes 
helped her husband in securing pro- 
visions. A young moose, swim- 
ming across the river, no sooner 
reached the shore than she seized 
it, cut its throat with a knife, and 
added meat to her larder. 



tion was 1,626, nearly three times 
what it is now. In 1844 there were 
380 names on the check list — not 
including women 1 

The first appropriation for a 
public school was in 1786, when it 
was voted to raise sixty bushels 
of wdieat for the support of a teach- 
er. In 1830 there were in all the 
public schools of the town 531 pu- 
pils. There are now 163. 

For many years an academy was 
in a flourishing condition, which, in 
1852, gave employment to nine in- 
structors, and numbered one hun- 
dred students. 

The three villages of the town — 



456 



THE GRANITE MONTHLY 



the Upper, the Lower, and Swift- 
water — were centers of trade and 
business for miles around. Nor 
was activity wanting in other parts 
of the town. There were ten saw- 
mills, a brick yard., many starch 
factories, clothing, grist and clap- 
board mills; nail, whetstone, wool- 
en and bedstead factories ; fond — 
mirabile dicta — two whiskey dis- 
tilleries. 

Money was not in early times 
plentiful, it was difficult for a small 
farmer to get hold of enough coin to 
pay his "rates"— the word he used 
for taxes. A system of barter was 
employed in ordinary business. It is 
related that a man once took an egg 
to a store to exchange for a darning 
needle for his good wife. As was 
customary at that time when a trade 
had been consummated, the customer 
was invited by the merchant to take 
a drink. The usual three fingers of 
whiskey were poured into a glass, 
but the customer did not immediate- 
ly drink it. He finally said, "I 
usually take an egg in my whiskey." 
Whereupon the merchant ?:a.ve him 
the identical egg he had brought to 
pay for the darning needle. .When 
broken, it transpired that the egg held 
two yolks. Whereupon the customer 
said, "I think I ought to have two 
darning needles." Yankee acquisi- 
tiveness ! 

When the Revolutionary War 
broke out not less than forty-six 
men of the not yet organized town- 
ship enlisted, while the whole pop- 
ulation was less than seventy fami- 
lies. In the military history of the 
town, the family of Bedel is most 
conspicuous, no less than eight of 
that name having entered the Revo- 
lutionary War ; and three — father, 
son and grandson — were generals in 
the Revolutionary War, the War of 
1812, and the Civil War, respective- 
ly; and they were all men of extra- 
ordinary fidelity and bravery. 
Timothy, the eldest, raised four 
regiments for the Revolutionary 



War, two of which he commanded 
and led to Canada; his son, Moody, 
accompanied his father in both ex- 
peditions to Canada, and later dis- 
tinguished himself in the brilliant 
sortie at Fort Erie in the War of 
1812; and the grandson, John, when 
a young man of twenty-five enlisted 
in the Mexican War. The last 
command of his mother to him as 
he bade her farewell was 'not to re- 
turn home shot in the back." John 
also served valiantly in the Civil 
War, and a bronze monument in 
the cemetery to his memory bears 
the inscription : "Erected, by his 
surviving comrades of the 3rd N. 
H. Volunteers for his sterling in- 
tegrity, undaunted courage, and 
heroic devotion to his country." 
Bath furnished her quota for the 
Mexican War; more than her quota 
for the War between the States; 
and, though greatly depleted in 
population, a round dozen for the 
World War, who fought bravely 
on land and sea, some of whom 
enlisted, and one of whom fell in 
battle. 

In early years Bath always had 
one or two good hotels; and the 
large brick -hotel, built and owned 
by the Carletons, w r as long known 
as the best between Boston and 
Canada. In the hall connected with 
this hotel, were held long ago many 
refined dances, for which the mu- 
sicians came from Boston in horse- 
drawn stage coaches, the journey 
occupying three days, and the 
price of a ticket to a dance was 
five dollars ! 

Less than three weeks after Bath 
was organized the town voted that 
four bushels of wheat a day be al- 
lewed a clergyman for his services. 
The first building for religious ser- 
vices was a shanty-like affair, 
which later burned down. The first 
meeting house was erected at West 
Bath, and completed in 1805. The 
site is now marked by a cairn of 
stones. The first sermon was 



BATH— A TOWN THAT WAS 



457 



preached in this church by Rev- 
erend David Sutherland. Mr. Suther- 
land ministered to the church and 
people thirty-eight years, and resid- 
ed here until his death in 1855. 

Father Sutherland, as he was 
endearingly called, was a remark- 
able man. Though living in Puri- 
tan times, religion as exemplified 
by him, was never sad. He was a 



State Legislature; before a small 
collection of rural people on a hill- 
side ; or in Boston, New York, or 
Philadelphia churches, where he 
sometimes preached, and to one of 
which he was earnestly entreated 
to minister permanently. He once 
preached before an audience of ten 
thousand people assembled to wit- 



ness 



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General John Bedel 



man of winning personality. He 
had a kind heart and the charity 
that thinketh no evil. The promi- 
nent traits of his character were 
humility, benevolence and sym- 
pathy. His sermons, though ex- 
temporaneous, were adapted to an 
audience which greatly varied. He 
acquitted himself equally well be- 
fore his own church people ; before 
the General Association ; before the 



Hampshire imprison- 
ment for debt was not abolished 
until 1841. In 1805 Russell Free- 
man who had been a Councilor in 
the state and speaker of the House 
of Representatives, was impris- 
in the Haverhill jail for debt. Two 
other men were confined in the 
same room for the - same cause. 
Josiah Burnham, one of the debtors, 
a quarrelsome and brutal fellow, 



438 



THE GRANITE MONTHLY 



enraged at the complaints made of 
his ravenous appetite and ungov- 
ernable passions, fell upon Mr. 
Freeman and his companion and 
murdered them both. He was tried, 
and hanged for the crime the follow- 
ing year. It was upon tins occasion 
that Mr. Sutherland's services were 
sought. 

At the time of Mr. Sutherland's 
ministry in Bath, the support of 
the church was part of the business 
of the town. Of the salary voted 
him in Town Meeting he never re- 
ceived more than three-fourths of 
the stipulated sum, as he declined 
to take anything from those who 
favored other denominations than 
the Congregational, and from those 
who were unwilling or unable to 
pay. Indeed if it came to his ears 
that any had paid grudgingly, he 
actually returned to them the sums 
they had paid. If it had not been 
for a small property brought to him 
by his wife, he declared he would 
have been reduced to absolute pov- 
erty. Yet when he had ministered 
in the town twenty years, he went 
into Town Meeting and asked to 
have his salary reduced, giving as 
his reason that as produce had fall- 
en in value, it might not be conven- 
ient for many to pay the sums as- 
sessed upon them. 

From 1833 to 1843 there were in 
Bath four churches, and all were 
well filled on Sundays. Christmas 
was ignored as a relic of Popery, but 
on Fast Days and Thanksgivings 
every human being went to church. 
This deep interest in religion had 
not wholly passed in my own child- 
hood. It seems to me now that the 
atmosphere at that time was com- 
posed of three elements — religion, 
education, and oxygen with an im-* 
mense difference in stress — ponder- 
ously on the first; a little less on the 
second ; and none at all on the third, 
which was furnished by nature, and 
to which no thought was given. 

The highest civil office held by an 



inhabitant of Bath was that of Mem- 
ber of Congress, two men having 
served in the House of Representa- 
tives-— Mr. James H, Johnson ,two 
terms, and Mr. Harry Hibbard, 
three terms. Mr- Hibbard was a 
lawyer prominent in his profession, 
and an intimate friend of Franklin 
Pierce. Upon the accession of 
Pierce to the Presidency, Mr. Hib- 
bard was tendered several positions, 
including a seat on the Supreme 
Bench of the State — all of which he 
refused on account of ill health. 

I well remember the visit paid to 
Mr. Hibbard by the ex-President. 
The great man attended church and 
bowed his head in prayer. A Puri- 
tan stands upright when he prays. 
Few, if any, in the little church had 
ever seen a head bowed, and the 
matter was discussed. Some were 
of the opinion that reverence held 
no part in the inclination, and that 
the visitor was simply overcome by 
a slight faintness from which he 
soon recovered. 

The highest judicial office ever 
held by an inhabitant of Bath was 
that of Chief Justice of the Supreme 
Court of the State — an honor con- 
ferred upon Andrew Salter Woods, 
the first native of Bath to practice 
law . 

The first physician came to Bath 
in 1790 — Doctor Isaac Moore. Many 
others practised in the town for 
longer or shorter periods. Though 
all were successful, the most belov- 
ed and those who remained longest 
were Doctor John French, who came 
from Landaff in 1822; and William 
Child, a native of the town who 
died in 1918, aged eighty-four. Doc- 
tor Child served as surgeon in the 
Civil War, and witnessed the assas- 
ination of President Lincoln. Bath 
for many years was noted for the 
ability and number of its lawyers, 
at one time no less than thirteen 
dwelling within its limits. 

The most prominent family in 
the village was that of Moses Paul 



BATH— A TOWN THAT WAS 



459 



Payson. He came in 1798 and soon 
acquired a large and successful prac- 
tice. Mr. Payson was polished, 
graceful, easy yet dignified, in man- 
ner, a perfect presiding officer. He 
took great interest in town affairs 
and filled many offices — both low 
and high. His means were ample 
and iie built first a large frame 
house for his dwelling, and later in 
1810 the spacious brick house still 
known as the Pavson Place. He 



ous Judge Livermore of Holderness. 
Arthur came to Bath about 18-40, 
lived in the town seventeen years, 
and afterward went to Ireland as 
consul. After the Livermores left 
the house was rented in sections to 
various people, and in the sixties it 
was bought by D. .K'. Jackman who 
occupied it as his home until his 
death in 1877. Mr. Jackman ad- 
ded g-reatly to the comfort and 
beauty of the house by putting in 



•-■ . ■ :- • ..-•..< 



The Payson Place 



was a classical scholar, and familiar 
with the buildings of antiquity. He 
knew the Parthenon, every line in 
which, by actual measurement, is a 
curve. The expression of his taste 
is seen in the beautiful arched doors 
and central windows, the curves in 
the facade, the stairway, and inter- 
ior partitions. Airs. Payson was a 
woman of great personal beauty, 
charming in manner, and a gracious 
hostess. Of their rive children only 
one reached middle life, and no lin-. 
eal descendants are now living. 

After the Paysons the next owner 
and occupant of the house was 
Arthur Livermore, son of the fam- 



modern appliances, and building a 
porch around it. For nearly forty 
years after his family left it, the 
house was unoccupied. It has now 
been restored, and is used as a hotel. 
Other interesting old buildings in 
Bath are the Brick Store, symmet- 
rical in construction and formerly 
lighted by large windows, each con- 
taining sixty-four small square 
panes of glass, and the brick houses 
at The Upper Village in the English 
style of archecture- Two families 
prominent at The Upper Village for 
many years were the Hutchins and 
Goodall families. Of the (former, 
Arthur Hutchins was conspicuous 



460 



THE GRANITE MONTHLY 



in ability and character, beloved of 
all who knew him, and, when the 
news came that he had fallen in the 
Battle of the Wilderness, a young 
man with life all before him, it 
seemed as if the whole town went 
into mourning. Of the Cioodall 
family, a son Francis Henry, re- 
ceived the rare Congressional medal 



in whom all had unbounded confi- 
dence. Many had placed their en- 
tire accumulations in his hands, as 
Savings Banks had not been estab- 
lished. Thousands of dollars were 
thus lost directly, and thousands more 
indirectly, by diverting trade to other 
towns. Another cause of the de- 
terioration of the town was the de- 




Artijur Hutchins 



of Honor for his bravery in carry- 
ing under fire from the field of bat- 
tle at Fredericksburg, to a place of 
safety, a wounded comrade.* 

Bath has been visited by many 
serious floods and fires, but the de- 
cadence of the town was due in 
great part to the financial failure of 
a business man in the village 

*Mr. GoodaH's career is described in 
the Granite Monthly for November, 
1912. 



population of the farms. The build- 
ing of the raihvays made the fertile 
prairie land of the interior of our 
country easy of access, and family 
after family left their homes in 
Bath never to return. More than 
half a century ago, a party was held 
in Grinnell. Iowa, to which all the 
people that had once lived in Bath 
were invited. Over sixty individ- 
uals were present. 

That business in Bath wall ever 



MONADNOCfC 461 

revive is not to be expected. But Mountains, and the hospitality of 

the beautiful sites for. cottages on the inhabitants, lead to a not un- 

all the roads leading out from the reasonable expectation that the 

village, the lovely views, the springs township in the near future will be 

of pure water on almost every hill- the summer home of many people 

side, the easy accessibility of all of moderate means, 
points of interest in the White 



MONADNOCK 

By J. L. McLanc, Jr. 

(Charles MacVeagh Jr. was lost in a snow-stcrrn on the 
slopes of the Mountain, February Fourteenth, 1920.) 

Oh brooding presence of unchanging rest, 

Broadr shouldered Titan of primordial age, 

With thrushes singing at your leafy breast 

And hills and hamlets clustered at your knees— 

Slow-sloping summit cloaked about with trees, 

What portion have you in Time's heritage? 

What fetters bind your giant limbs of stone, 

Sinister Shadow, that you brood alone, 

All unattended in your lonely state — 

Sentinel of a realm inviolate? 

Was it because he loved you that you drew 

His spirit to you? Was it jealous pride 

Of his fleet-footed beauty as he grew 

Sweeter and stronger, that you called him hence, 

Wounding our hearts with wonder when he died 

In your unyielding snows dumb innocence? 

I cannot think that it was otherwise 

Than that you knew he loved you ! Did you know 

That he -was wearied of life's gilded lies — 

Earth's promises that cheat us as the dew 

Gathered from cobwebs by the hands of Day? 

Surely for this you called his heart away 

Up to the slopes he loved, the heights he knew 

Could bring him healing ! — - For his hurt heart found 

In that last silence, that white hush of snow, 

A way to further, finer life Profound, 

Dark to my searching eyes your shadows grow : 

An ultimate enigma that will stay 

Sure with his love, until Death calls away 

A heart less noble and a soul less clear 

Into those starry, pathless realms he entered without fear. 



HtcA 



SNOW 

By Charles Nevers Holmes 



[Mr. Holmes, a Massachusetts man of 

New Hampshire ancestry, is a long-time 
contributor whose reading has led him 
into unusual by-ways whence he has 
extracted much of the curious interest 
which this paper reflects. His allusion 
to the great storm of 1717 refunds 'as 
that it suggested to Cotton Mather the 
thought of the thaw which must follow. 
There resulted a lecture on the text, "He 
sendeth forth His Word, and melteth 
them." Mather noted a heavy snowfall 
on February 24 as well as on the earlier 
date. Even as late as March 7, Mather 
entered in his diary that business still 
had "an uncommon Stop upon it." 
Editor.] 

A large part of the 1,700,000,000 
people dwelling upon this little planet, 
which we call Earth, have never seen 
any snow; bat a large part of the 
citizens dwelling in the United States 
have beheld snow, more or less of it. 
Indeed, winter's white mantle covers 
only about one-third of the 58,000,- 
000 square miles of our world's land 
surface, varying greatly, of course, 
according to the seasons. In conti- 
nental United States, snow sometimes 
falls in regions where it is unexpect- 
ed, and the amount of snow-fall is 
different from year to year. Re- 
cently nature has been most prolific 
in snow storms, but we should re- 
member that there is a record of a 
snow-fall during February 19 to 24, 
1717, which had a depth of five to 
six feet. 

Within the United States, the aver- 
age annual fall of snow varies from 
ten tu thirty feet in the West, and 
from eight feet in the East to no snow 
in the farthest South. However, 
even in tropical regions snow may 
exist upon high mountains ; for ex- 
ample, not far from the equator, there 
is perpetual snow at a height of about 
18,000 feet (about three, and four 
tenth miles). In the Himalaya 
Mountains this snow-line approxi- 
mates, on the north side, 20,000 feet, 
whereas in the Rocky Mountains it 
approximates 11,000 feet. In Iceland, 



near the Arctic Circle, the mountains 
are Covered with perpetual snow at a 
height of about 3,000 feet, while, 
further north, the snow-line starts at 
about sea-level. In the northern 
hemisphere, snow has been seen to 
fall as far south as Canton, China 
(latitude 23°), whereas, in the south- 
ern hemisphere, it has fallen as far 
north as Sydney, Australia (latitude 
34°). 

As we well know, a cubic foot of 
snow will not yield, when melted, a 
cubic foot of water. Water, when 
frozen, expands in volume ; for ex- 
ample, an iceberg is larger than an 
equal amount of water. Snow 
owing to the lightness of its stuc- 
ture, contains much less water than is 
contained by an equal amount of ice. 
As an illustration, seven or eight 
inches of very wet snow are equal to 
about an inch of rain, but it would 
require two or three feet of very dry 
snow to equal an inch of rain- fall. 
However, the average snow storm 
consists of about one-tenth water. 
That is to say, a snowfall of two feet 
is equal to a rainfall of about two and 
four-tenths inches. In other words, 
under usual conditions, a snow fall of 
two feet over the whole of continen- 
tal United States,' excluding Alaska 
and including southern regions where 
such a snow-fall is impossible, or an 
area of about three million square 
miles, would approximate a snow vol- 
ume of 169 trillion cubic feet. That 
is, a snowfall of two feet would be 
equal to a cubical block ten miles in 
each dimension. If this huge cubic- 
al block could be placed beside Mt. 
Everest, the highest mountain in the 
world, it would loom more than four 
miles above Mt. Everest's summit. 

Respecting the extraordinary snow 
storm of 1717, to which reference 
has already been made, the Boston 
Mews Letter (February 25th) pub- 
lished the following : "Besides sever- 



SNOW 



463 



al snows we had a great one. on Mon- 
day the 18th current and on Wednes- 
day the 20th it began to snow about 
noon and continued snowing till -Fri- 
day the 2.3d. so that the snow lies in 
some parts of the streets about six 
foot high." "\\ 'ith regard to this 
storm the Rev. John Cotton wrote to 
his father (February 27), "I went 
to Boston, & by reason of the late 
great & very deep snow 1 was detain- 
ed there till yesterday. I got with 
diffculty to the terry on Friday, but 
couldn't get over : went back to Mr. 
Belcher's where I lodged. Tried 
again the next day. Many of us 
went over the ferry. & held a council 
at Charlestown. & having heard of 
the great difficulty of a butcher, who 
was foundered, dug out, &c, we were 
quite discoraged : went back & lodg- 
ed with abundance of heartiness at 
Mr. Belcher's. Mr. White & I trudg- 
ed thro' up to the South. , where I 
knew Mr. Colman was to preach in 
the forenoon, when he designed to 
give the separate character of Mr. 
Pemberton (who died February 
13th). 1 ordered my hoise over the 
ferry to Boston vesterdav, desi^ninij 
to try Roxbury way — but was so 
discoraged by gentlemen in town, 
especially by the Governor, with 
whom I dined, that I was going to 
put up my horse and tarry till 
Thursday, and as I was going to do 
it I met Capt. Prentice. Stowell, &e., 
come down on purpose to break the 
way & conduct me home — which they 
kindly did and safely, last night." 

This snowfall of six feet was in- 
deed extraordinary, but it should be 
compared with the depth of snow 
that overtook Mr. and Mrs. Donner, 
who endeavored to reach California, 
in 1846. They had journeyed as far 
as the Sierra Nevada Mountains 
when a heavy snow storm descended 
upon them. Their fate is thus des- 
cribed by an old-time guide-book, 
Crofutrs Trans-continental Tour- 
ist: "During the night, the threaten- 
ed storm burst over them in all its 



fury. The old pines swayed and bent 
before the blast, bearing destruction 
and death on its snow-laden wings. 
The snow fell heavily and fast, as it 
can fall in those mountains. In the 
morning the terror-stricken emigrants 
beheld one vast expanse of snow, and 
the large while flakes falling thick 
and fast. Still there was hope. 
Some of the cattle and their horses 
remained. They could leave the 
wagons, and with the horses they 
might possibly cross the mountains. 

"The balance of the party placed 
the children on the horses, and bade 
Mr. and Mrs. Donner a last good-by ; 
and, after a long and perilous battle 
with the storm, they succeeded in 
crossing the mountains and reaching 
the valleys, where the danger was at 
an end. The storm continued, almost 
without intermission, for several 
weeks, and those who had crossed 
the Summit knew that an attempt to 
reach the imprisoned party would be 
futile, until the spring sun should 
melt away the icy barrier. 

"Early in the spring a party of 
brave men started from the valley to 
bring out the prisoners, expecting to 
find them alive and well, for it was* 
supposed that they had provisions 
enough to last them through the win- 
ter. After a desperate effort, which 
required weeks of toil and exposure, 
the party suceeded in scaling the 
mountains, and came to the camp of 
the Donners." However, this rescue 
party arrived too late. Both Mr. and 
Mrs. Donner had perished. There is 
one very interesting fact concerning 
tins early tragedy of the West. The 
Donners had cut down some trees 
near their camp, and, of course, the 
heights of the resulting tree stumps 
indicated the depth of snow when these 
trees were cut. "Some of them are 
twenty feet in height." 

In Dr. Hartwig's "The Polar 
World," published long ago, there is 
considerable information respecting 
snow. He writes, "Snow protects in 
an admirable manner the vegetation 



-464 



THE GRANITE MONTHLY 



of the higher latitudes against the cold 
of the long winter season. For snow- 
is so bad a conductor of heat, that 
in mid-winter in the high latitude of 
50° 50' (Rensselaer Bay), while the 
surface temperature was as low as 
— 30°. Kane found at two feel deep 
a temperature of — 8°, at four feet 
4-2°, and at eight feet +26", or no 
more than six degrees below the freez- 
ing-point of water. Thus covered by 
a warn' crystal snow-mantle, the 
northern plants pass the long winter 
in a comparatively mild temperature, 
high enough to maintain their life, 
while, without, icy blasts — capable of 
converting mercury into a solid body — 
howl over the naked wilderness ; and 
as the first snow- falls are more cel- 
lular and less condensed than the 
nearly impalpable powder of winter, 
Kane justly observes that no 'eider- 
down in the cradle of an infant is 
tucked in more kindly than the sleep- 
ing dress of winter about the feeble 
plant-life of the Arctic zone.' Thanks 
to this protection, and to the in- 
fluence of a sun which for months 
circles above the horizon, even Wash- 
ington, Grinnell Land and Spitzbergen 
are able to boast of flowers. 

"It is impossible to form any thing 
like a correct estimate of the quantity 
of snow which annually falls in the 
highest latitudes. So much is certain 
that it can not be small, to judge by 
the violence and swelling of the rivers 
in spring. The summits of the hills, 
and the declivities exposed to the 
reigning winds, are constantly de- 
prived of snow, which, however, fills 
up the bottom of the valleys to a con- 
siderable height. Great was Midden- 



dor fFs astonishment, while travelling 
over the tundra at the end of winter, 
to. find it covered with no more than 
two inches, or at the very utmost 
half a foot, of snow; the dried stems 
of the Arctic plants everywhere peep- 
ing forth above its surface. This was 
the natural consequence of the north- 
easterly storms, which, sweeping over 
the naked plain, carry the snow along 
with them, and form the snow-waves, 
the compass of the northern namads. 

"It is extremely probable that, on 
advancing towards the pole, the fall 
of snow gradually diminishes, as in 
the Alps, where its quantity likewise 
decreases on ascending above a cer- 
tain height." 

Not only scientists but also poets 
have described the snow. In con- 
clusion, it seems fitting to quote from 
\\ nittier's "Snow-bound." 

"Unwarmed by any sunset light 
The gray day darkened into night, 
A night made hoary with the swarm 
And whirl-dance of the blinding storm, 
As zigzag wavering to and fro 
Crossed and recrossed the winged snow: 
And ere the early bed-time came 
The white drift piled the window-frame, 
And through the glass the clothes-line 

posts 
Looked in like tall and sheeted ghosts. 

So all night long the storm roared on: 
The morning broke without a sun; 
In tiny spherule traced with lines 
Of Nature's geometric signs, 
In starry flake, and pellicle, 
All day the hoary meteor fell; 
And, when the second morning shone, 
We looked upon a world unknown, 
On nothing we could call our own. 
Around the glistening wonder bent 
The blue walls of the firmament, 
No cloud above, no earth below, — 
A universe of sky and snow!" 



</fcfi- 



A GASOLINE TAX FOR NEW HAMPSHIRE 

By Wlnthrop Wadleigh 



[This voluntary- contribution from a 
Dartmouth undergraduate is welcomed 
as showing that some of our students 
take an interest in current problems. — 
Editor.] 



The present tax system 
Hampshire is being" 



New 
to a 



great deal of investigation and criti- 
cism. The tax situation, to the minds 
of many, seems to be unjust in many 
respects, and agitation for a change 
will be in order when the State Leg- 
islature convenes at Concord in Janu- 
ary. 

A tax committee of three members 
was appointed by the Farm Bureau 
last spring to investigate the situation. 
Recently the committee reported on 
its findings. Among the many prac- 
tical suggestions they made, a tax on 
gasoline seemed the most acceptable 
and the most likely to be favored by 
the legislature. 

According to this plan, a tax of 
probably one or two cents would be 
levied on each gallon of gasoline sold 
to motorists in New Hampshire. The 
revenue thus obtained would go into 
the coffers of the State for the main- 
tenance of highways. On account of 
this increased revenue the cost of reg- 
istration could be lowered. This plan/ 
I think, has three definite advantages. 

In the first place, the foreign cars 
would pay something toward !the 
maintenance of the highways. 'Dur- 
ing the summer, the roads of New 
Hampshire are crowded with tourists 
travelling in the state. They wear 
out the roads to a marked degree, yet 
contribute little to their upkeep. 
Such a condition is obviously unjust 
to the tax payers who are forced to 



pay for the roads the tourists wear 
out. A gasoline tax would render 
the situation much more equitable. 

The second advantage is that the 
owner of a heavy car or truck would 
contribute much more than t**e owner 
of a light one. The heavy cars wear 
the roads out more, burn more gas, 
and this will force the habitual driver 
taxes. The heavy trucks to a large 
extent are responsible for the poor 
condition of the roads and a gasoline 
tax would force their owners to con- 
tribute their share towards the re- 
pairing of the damage they do. 

The third advantage is that car own- 
ers who only drive a comparatively 
few miles in a season will not have 

* to contribute more than their due share 
of taxes. As it is now, they pay just 
as much as though they drive every 
day in the year. With the registration 
fee reduced, they will pay more nearly 
in proportion to the distance they drive 
and dus will force the habitual driver 
to pay his share toward the mainte- 
nance of highways. At the present- 
time, it costs more to put a car on the 
road in New Hampshire than any oth- 
er state, and the reduction of the regis- 

• tration fee will make it cheaper for 
the occasional driver, but more xpeen- 
sive for the habitual driver. This ob- 
viously renders the situation much 
more just. 

A gasoline tax has been tried out 
in other states, Connecticut for 
example. It has worked successfully 
there. No reason can be given why it 
will not work successfully in New 
Hampshire also. A high degree of 
probability exists that it will. It cer- 
tainly should be given a trial. 



THE SPENCE HOUSE 

PORTSMOUTH. N. H. 



By Joseph Foster^ Rear / 

(R, 

In view of the coming- tercente- 
nary it would seem well that the re- 
cent erroneous identification of the 
"Joseph Whipple House'" as the 
"Spence House/' Portsmouth (a 
house of special historic note), 
which was printed and widely cir- 
culated, should be corrected for the 
general information of our present 
and absent sons and daughters. 

Lot No. 30, "Lower Glebe 
Lands," at the X. E. corner of State 
and Chestnut streets, Portsmouth, 
N. H., is marked on the ancient 
"Glebe" record : 
"M. Nelson, 1709." 
"J. Whipple, 1788 and 1823." 
Lot No. 39, "Lower Glebe Lands," 
Portsmouth, N. H., at the S. W. 
corner of State and Fleet streets, is 
marked on the same ancient record : 
"T. Booth, 1709." 
"}. Sherburne, 1730." 
"Robt. Trail, 1799." 
"Keith Spense (Spence), 1788." 
"Mrs. Spense (Spence), 1823." 
(Gurney's "Portsmouth Historic 
and Picturesque," Portsmouth, 1902, 
page 150. Also "Historical Calen- 
dar of Portsmouth, published by 
the Box Club of the North church, 
Portsmouth, N. H., Miss Frances 
A. Mathes and Mr. Charles A. 
Haslett, editors," Portsmouth, 1907, 
page 20.) 

Mary Whipple, daughter of Cap- 
tain William Whipple, senior, and 
his wife, Mary Cutt, and sister of 
General William Whipple, signer 
of the Declaration of Independence, 
was born in 1730, married Robert 
Trail, born in the Orkney Islands, 
a distinguished merchant of Ports- 
mouth, Comptroller of the Port un- 
til the Revolution, and afterward 
Collector of the island of Bermuda; 
and resided in this house then and 



Idmiral (S. C), U. S. Navy 

"tired) 

now standing at the southwest 
corner of State and Fleet Streets, 
old No. 82, new No. 340 State 
Street. She survived her husband 
and died 3d October, 1791, age 61 
years. 

Robert and Mary (Whipple) 
Trail had three children, Robert, 
William and Mary. Robert and 
William went to Europe where they 
settled, and Mary married Keith 
Spence, Esquire, a merchant from 
Scotland who settled in Ports- 
mouth — parents of Captain Robert 
Trail Spence, United States Navy, 
and grandparents of the late Com- 
modore Charles Whipple Pickering, 
United States Navy of Portsmouth, 
and of James Russell Lowell, the 
distinguished essayist and poet, 
United States Minister to Spain 
and England. 

Keith Spence of Portsmouth, N. 
PL, purser, U, S. Navy, 1 SCO- 1805, 
"a gentleman justly held in high 
estimation for his probity, intelli- 
gence, and nice sense of honor," 
"was the bosom friend and mentor 
of Decatur ("Goldsborough's Chron- 
icle," Vol. 1, page 228.) lie was 
Purser of the frigate. Philadelphia, 
when that vessel was captured by 
the Tripoli-tans, 31st October, 1803 
(Cooper, Vol- 1, page 225,) and was 
a prisoner in Tripoli during the at- 
tack of 7th August, 1804, in which 
his son distinguished himself. He 
died suddenly at New Orleans, and 
was buried there. Mrs, Spence 
survived her husband and died 
January 10, 1824, aged 69. 

The stones of Mrs. Mary (Cutt) 
Whipple, Mrs, Trail and Mrs. 
Spence are in the North cemetery, 
Portsmouth, near that of their dis- 
tinguished son, brother and uncle, 
General William Whipple, on the 



WILLOW TREE 



467 



rising ground near the center of the 
cemetery. 

Robert Trail Spence, appointed 
Midshipman, .United State-s Navy, 
15th May, 1800, who distinguished 
himself in the attack on Tripoli, 7th 
August. 1804, as related in "Coop- 
er's Naval History" died a Cap- 
tain, United States Navy, 26th 
September, 1826. He took part in 
the defence of Baltimore, when at- 
tacked by the British in 1814, and 
was in command of the naval es- 



tablishment at Baltimore for sev- 
eral years before his death, and is 
buried in Loudon Park cemetery, 
near that city. 

Much additional information as 
to the Whipple and related families 
will be found in the "Presentation 
of Flags" and "Presentation of 
Portraits of Whipple and Farra- 
gut," included in the "Soldiers Me- 
morial," Portsmouth, N. H., 1893- 
1921." 



WILLOW TREE 

By Alice Leigh 

Willows, slender fingers swaying", 
Tenuous, cleave the amber light; 

Willows, long green fingers playing, 

Tune phantom notes to wind-swept night. 

Rippling, skipping, softly dipping, 
Rhythmic, pulsing, dulcet, fond — 

(Where the singers? Who the singers, 
To her witching notes respond?) 

Willows, slender fingers weaving 

Tapestry with cunning skill ; 
Willows, long green fingers tracing, 

Leave strange patterns, weird and chill ; 

Warp of silken green and amber 
Shot with dusky shadows blue ; 

Woof of silver bird-notes lacing 
In and out through and through. 

(Where shall hang her mystic carpet 
When her weaving task is through?) 

Willows, slender fingers weaving 
Secret carpets for the dew. 

Willows, slender fingers closing 
Tighter, tighter round my heart; 

Twining, twisting, turning, thrusting 
Our two worlds so far apart — 



(Are you near me? Can you hear me? 

Can you see the willow spread 
Silken shadows for the dancers, 

Can you hear their spectral tread?) 



•w? 



NEW HAMPSHIRE DAY BY DAY' 



The New Hampshire College 
last month offered fifteen reading 
courses by mail to those interest- 
eel in agriculture and home eco- 
nomics. Any resident of New 
Hampshire may have this Exten- 
sion Service free, either singly or 
as a member of a group study class 
The courses offered are: Soils and 
Fertilizers; Farm Crops; Farm 
Stock; Orchard Management; Dairy 
Farming; Poultry Husbandry; 
Swine Husbandry ; The Farm Wood 
Lot; Vegetable Gardening; Bee 
Keeping; Small Fruits; Farm Man- 
agement; Feeding the Family; 
Clothing the Family ; Household 
Management. Each course is 

based upon a simple, practicable 
textbook, supplemented by federal 
and state bulletins. Mr. J. C. Ken- 
dall of Durham is the director of 
the Extension Service. 



Dartmouth College also is fol- 
lowing up last year's extension 
course plans and has already en- 
gaged for a course in English liter- 
ature for teachers and townspeople 
in Keene and in Brattleboro, Ver- 
mont. The system will probably 
be carried into other towns of New 
Hampshire and Vermont 



The election on November 7 de- 
veloped into the most pronounced 
political overturn New Hampshire 
has seen in about half a century. 
Ten years ago Democratic success 
was due to a split in the Republi- 
can party. This year the Repub- 
licans were not disunited, neverthe- 
less the Democrats elected the gov- 
ernor, one congressman and a 
clear majority in the lower branch 
of the Legislature. The Council 
remains Republican by four to one 
and the Senate by sixteen to eight. 
A peculiar situation, due to the 
constitutional -rule that districts 
shall be divided in effect according 



to wealth, gave the Democrats a 
majority of all the votes cast for 
councilors and senators, and allow- 
ed the Republicans to win a large 
majority of the seats- 

The total vote for governor was: 
Fred H. Brown of Somersworth, 
Democrat, 72,834; Windsor H. 
Goodnow of Keene, Republican, 
61,528. A Republican majority of 
over 31,000 two years ago was thus 
turned into a Democratic majority 
of over 11,000. There are several 
causes assigned for the turnover — 
the issue as to the forty-eight hour 
Work-week for women and children 
(which was not met by Mr. Good- 
now's eleventh-hour declaration that 
he would approve a forty-eight-hour 
bill if passed by the Legislature), 
the unpopular poll tax for women, 
which the Democrats promised to 
abolish, the discontent in the cities 
affected by the textile, railroad and 
paper strikes (all those cities went 
Democratic without reference to 
their prior partisan leanings), the 
general apathy of the confident Re- 
publicans, coupled with the effec- 
tive work of the not-too-hopeful 
Democrats, the agreement of the 
two debt-burdened state commit- 
tees not to use money for adver- 
tising. 

In the First Congressional Dis- 
trict, William N. Rogers, Demo- 
crat, of Wakefield, won by over 
6,000 from John Scammon, Repub- 
lican, of Exeter. In the Second 
District, Edward H. Wason, Re- 
publican, of Nashua, retained his 
seat by some over 3,500 majority 
over his fellow-townsman, William 
H. Barry. 

The defeat of G. Allen Putnam 
of Manchester leaves Benjamin H. 
Orr of Concord as the only avowed 
candidate for President of the Sen- 
ate who escaped the Democratic 
landslide. 

In view of the Democratic con- 



NEW HAMPSHIRE DAY BY DAY 



469 



resulting from di- 



trol of the House, all pre-election 
candidacies for Speaker and com- 
mittee chairmanships pass by the 
hoard. Various suggestions have 
since election been made as to the 
speakership — William J. Ahern, for 
many years Democratic floor-lead- 
er and a skilled parliamentarian-, 
former Senator Nathaniel E. Mar- 
tin, former Congressmen Raymond 
B. Stevens. There are those, how- 
ever, who would keep Mr. Ahern 
for the floor leadership and the 
head of the Appropriations Com- 
mittee, Mr- Martin for the Judi- 
ciary and Mr. Stevens for Ways 
and Means — places for which these 
gentlemen have special aptitude — 
and give the speakership to one of 
several other possibilitie 

The situation 
vided control of the executive and 
legislative departments is likely 
to result in the inability of the 
Democrats to assume full responsi- 
bility. It is doubtful whether 
Governor Fred H. Brown will be 
able to affix his signature to a 
forty-eight-hour law, not because 
he lacks the will to do so, but be- 
cause the Legislature may not give 
him the opportunity to. It is sur- 
mised that .some Democrats from 
the farming districts may decline 
to vote for such a bill. On the 
other hand, some Republicans are 
peronally favorable to such legis- 
lation and find nothing in their 
party platform to forbid them fol- 
lowing their bent. Possibly the 
Legislature may adopt the Repub- 
lican platform suggestion and ap- 
point a special committee to in- 
vestigate the whole .subject. 

With four Republican Councilors 
to check him, the incoming Gov- 
ernor will find it difficult to make 
the customary partisan appoint- 
ments to various state offices and 
commissions. This may result, in 
the opinion of some observers, in 
the avoidance of "trading" and the 
appointment of officials on the basis 



of proved worth. Perhaps most 
important of all the appointments 
will be that of Chief justice of the 
Supreme Court to succeed the Hon- 
orable Frank N. Parsons, whose 
term expires by age limitation in 
1924- 

As the Democrats will have, a 
majority in joint convention, the 
legislative election of Secretary of 
State and State Treasurer may re- 
sult in the retirement of Messrs. 
Bean and Plummer. Enos K. Saw- 
yer, President of the Senate in 
1913 and a defeated candidate for 
the Council this year, is the most 
prominent candidate for Secretary 
of State, while George E. Farrand, 
State Treasurer during the Felker 
administration and just retired 
from the postmastership of Con- 
cord, is mentioned for return to his 
former place in the State House. 



A well-attended meeting of the 
New Hampshire Civic Association 
in Manchester, on November 17, 
listened to an interesting discussion 
of the problem of New England 
railroad consolidation. Governor 
Albert O. Brown spoke briefly of 
the magnitude and seriousness of 
the question, but without commit- 
ting himself to either suggestion 
that has been made — (1) the con- 
solidation of all New England 
roads into one system and (2) the 
union of the northern and southern 
lines, respectively, with two of the 
great railways west of the Hudson. 
Prof. Cunningham of Harvard ad- 
vocated the latter in an able speech. 
President Hus'tis of the Boston and 
Maine Railroad made some sugges- 
tions, and, while expressing- the 
thought that consolidation was in- 
evitable under the Transportation 
Act, doubted that now is the time 
for it. Professor William Z. Rip- 
ley sent an illuminating memoran- 
dum inclining to the all-New Eng- 
land group consolidation. A letter 
from President Todd of the Bangor 



470 



THE GRANITE MONTHLY 



and Aroostook emphasized his well- 
known opposition to any consoli- 
dation. Altogether the meeting 
was most sticcesiul in getting be- 
fore the Association the conflicting 
views and arguments bearing on 
what is perhaps the most vexed 
and momentous problem which 
New Hampshire faces. 



Students of the vexing taxation 
problems of New Hampshire find 
little ground for hoping to redis- 
tribute the incidence of public bur- 
dens, or to bring under just taxa- 
tion the intangibles which are now 
largely escaping, without consti- 
tutional amendment. It had been 
thought by most people impossible 
to alter the constitution without 
the delay of calling and holding a 
new convention. Governor Brown, 
the president of the 19J 8-1921 con- 
vention, has recently pointed out, 
however, that that convention ad- 
journed last }'ear to meet again at 
the call of the president. As presi- 
dent the Governor intimates that 
he would not assume, unadvised, 
the responsibility of reassembling 
that body, but apparently a re- 
quest by the Legislature would 
have the effect of giving him war- 
rant for doing so. Such a call, 
followed by prompt submission of 
an amendment to the people, might 
enable the voters to act upon the 
amendment next March, and thus 
open the way for legislation at the 
coming session of the General 
Court. Would the voters ratify 
an amendment? Citing their fail- 
ure to do so twice in the last three 
years, some observers say "no-" 
The more optimistic point out that 
much water has passed under the 
bridge during the last eighteen 
months, and place some reliance 
upon good organization to reverse 
former votes. 

The strike situation, which we 
discussed last month, has cleared 
in part. The railroad shopmen are 



still out, but President Hustis 
stated in mid-November that, as 
tar as the railroad was concerned, 
it was already a closed book. At- 
tempts, official and unofficial, to 
bring about a conference between 
the managers and the men have been 
so far fruitless. On the part of 
the managers the "everything 
normal" statement is said to have 
been used. The men, however, 
still claim that rolling-stock is not 
in condition to meet traffic de- 
mands and assert that the railroad 
has places for several hundred men 
which the strikers might fill. The 
attitude of the managers seems to 
be that, were this true (and they 
do not admit it), the return of 
strikers in considerable numbers 
would result in the new employes 
leaving — with the result that the 
strikers would win. 

In the textile mills the last few 
weeks have apparently seen in- 
creasing activity, with more oper- 
atives at work and more looms run- 
ning- After many rumors and de- 
nials of an impending breaking of 
the strike at Manchester, the most 
important happening for some time 
came with the statement on No- 
vember 25 by Vice President Starr 
of the United Textile Workers 
that, with the Democratic victory 
at the polls, the forty-eight hour 
is assured. He then added to the 
strikers : 

"With a full realization that my 
motives will be impugned by some, 
but with a deep and abiding con- 
viction that I am doing what is 
right, 1 want to say further that I 
cannot find it in my heart to ask 
your devoted ranks to make further 
sacrifice and endure more suffer- 
ing, more particularly as I know 
that the real and permanent vic- 
tory for the 48-hour week is not to 
be won in the offices of the textile 
corporations but in the legislative 
halls of the state house." 

Whether the strike, unwon in 



NEW HAMPSHIRE DAY BY DAY 471 

forty-odd weeks by the customary ment by Mr. Starr, the Amoskeag 

tactics, has been won at the ballot- employes took a ballot and voted 

box. the early months of 1923 will overwhelmingly to return to work, 

determine. If .so, a new strategy As fast as production can be resum- 

in industrial warfare will disclose ed, the various departments of the 

possibilities. Following the state- mills are reopening. 



A SONG OF HOPE 

By Lyman S. Merrick 

Each sunset has a sunrise, 

Each midnight has a morn ; 

The day that April dieth, 

That day the May is born. 

The acorn in the darkness 

Molds so that the oak may rise ; 

And by and bv the worms that creep 

Will all be butterflies. 

There's no life lacks a love time, 

No year's without a spring. 

Every bird that builds a nest 

Well knows a song to sing 

That's full of hope, and takes life at it's best. 



MARY, MOTHER 

By Helen Adams Parker 

Mary, Mother, smiling sweetly, 
On your baby looking down ; 
Is your heart at rest completely, 
Like the smooth fold of your gown? 

Or does a dim foreboding 
Of some trouble lurking near, 
Press upon your mind, corroding — 
Turning gladness into fear? 

Mother Mary, keep on smiling; 
The sad hour has not begun, 
WMi a traitor's dark beguiling, 
Which awaits vour little son. 



Hu 



ED1T0MAI 



What is poetry 1 We do not at- 
tempt to say. Fundamentally we 
agree with the donor of the Brookes 
More prize, who stipulated that the 
prize should not be awarded for free 
verse. Sometimes we fall into the 
drift of the times, and publish con- 
tributions by the modernists. That 
is our journalistic sense — we reflect 
the days doings. 

Last month one of our most valued 
contributors, now serenely contemplat- 
ing the future, sent us "one more 
bit of verse." With it was a note. 
"I'm afraid I am too antiquated for 
the new order of things/' she wrote, 
"but I am looking to it with much in- 
terest." 

Free verse is an experiment. 
Youth likes to experiment, and tlie 
young > ters are trying the new form. 
They cannot he denied their fling, but 
will they succeed in making poetry? 
Like our old friend, we are interest- 
ed to see. Meanwhile, with Mr. 
More, we confess to liking the old 



form better- — even though we be 
deemed fogies. 

There is a beauty in form ; there is 
a beauty in thought. To both beau- 
ties claim can be made by much of 
the "old" poetry — but not all of it. 
While some of the "new" poetry has 
beauty of form and some has beauty 
of thought, only a little escapes a 
strain of ugliness in both. Our lay- 
man's advice to the experimenters is, 
not to give over the experiment, but 
not to continue it unless they sweat, 
as the old school sweated, to make 
their verse yield beauty of both form 
and thought. One or two modern- 
ists have so far measureably done it, 
but the school as a whole has not yet 
succeeded. The modernist challenges 
the reader, but the reader is not yet 
won. 



Mr. William Stanley Braitwaite 
this year names in his list of maga- 
zine verse "The Poet," by John Rol- 
lin Stuart, published by us in the 
April, 1922, number. . 



BOOKS OF NEW HAMPSHIRE INTEREST 



New Hampshire ix History, by 
Henry Harrison MetcalL Pub- 
lished by the author at Concord, 
New Hampshire. $1.00. 
In this little volume of a few over 
one hundred pages, Mr. Metcalf seeks 
primarily to suggest what the Gran- 
ite State has contributed to the de- 
velopment of the nation. While the 
aim is not to give the history of the 
state, the first quarter 'of the book 
is devoted to an outline of the prin- 
cipal events of our first century and 
a half. Then follows in brief com- 
pass, for the book is an evening's 
lecture somewhat amplified, a resume 
by states and professions of the ac- 
tivities of New Hampshire natives 
who have migrated to other states 
and there left an impress. 



Inevitably the work is hardly more 
than a catalogue of the names of such 
sons and daughters of New Hamp- 
shire, with brief allusions to their 
principal claims to distinction. But 
it is a rather amazing catalogue 
which everybody interested in the 
state should read and keep for 
reference. New Hampshire's con- 
tribution has been larger and wor- 
thier than most of us imagine. 

One cannot but admire the curi- 
osity and industry which, in a long 
life of service to the state, Mr. Met- 
calf has exercised to catch and pre- 
serve this remarkable collection of 
names and facts. He has once more 
made us his debtor. Probably he 
alone had the equipment of know- 
ledge and patience to do a work of 



BOOKS OF NEW HAMPSHIRE INTEREST 



473 



such untiring research and toil. 

There are fourteen portraits of 
eminent natives of the state. 

A. E. 



The Thoughts of Youth, by Sam- 
uel S. Drury. The Macmillai) 
Company, New York. $1.25 
A title which might better define 
the book would be "Thoughtful Ad- 
vice for Youth" ; but this advice is 
given kindly, always with due regard 
for the opinions of the reader; and 
while not entirely free from preaching, 
it is preaching by one w r ho understands 
the viewpoint of youth and is strongly 
sympathetic with it. The volume 
could be used to advantage as a text 
book by parents, teachers and big 
brothers and sisters, and will surely 
be welcomed by this class. One can 
readily understand, too, how such a 
book might be immensely popular 
with youth itself wherever Dr. 
Drury's own strong personality is re- 
cognized and felt. The chapter on 
"My Manners" might well be publish- 
ed in pamphlet form and thus made 
available for larger distribution to the 
youth of this generation. 

Ernest P. Coxlon 



Legends and Deeds of Yesterday, 
G. Waldo Browne. Manchester, 
Standard Book Company. $1. 
Eighteen short tales, legendary and 
historical, are gathered in this little 
book. They belong to the seven- 
teenth and eighteenth centuries, and 
nearly all are of especial New 
Hampshire interest. Some are well- 
known, others are more obscure but 
of hardly less interest. They are 
good stories for any New Hamp- 
shire boy to know. 

A. E. 



Indian Story Hour, Rilma Marion 

Browne. Manchester, Standard 

Book Company. $1. 

First published two years ago, this 
book is now being given a new and 
somewhat enlarged edition with over 
twenty illustrations. Intended pri- 
marily for supplementary reading 
by children of the third to fifth 
grades, it includes some over twenty- 
five fables based upon Indian ideas. 
"How the Rabbit Lost His Tail" and 
and other stories in which animals 
talk and act like human beings will 
interest and amuse the children. 

Special prices are offered to schools. 

A. E. 



TO THOSE WHO COME AFTER 

By A. A. D. 

Love the house! 

Mellow and old, 

Shelter her from hurt and cold. 

Love the house. 



Careful hands made every part 

From hand wrought lock with craftman's art 

To adz-hewn beams and massive frame, 

Panelled wall and shuttered pane. 

Built by love in years long past, 

It withstood time and flood and blast 

For it was founded on a rock — 

Love the house, 



474 THE GRANITE MONTHLY 

Those who lived lie re bravely bore 

Sorrow when it crossed the door. 

Generously the) shared 

All their laughter and their joys. 

Tenderly they cared 

For those who felt misfortune's shocks — 

Till an aroma sweet and fine, 

Like that of precious golden wine 

Stored for years in ancient crocks, 

Lingers round the house. 

Love the garden ! 

Love the peonies and phlox, 

Love the pinks and hollyhocks. 

Oh, love the garden ! 

Bleeding-heart, youth-and-old-age. 

Lilacs, larkspur, mint and sage — 

Love the garden. 

Wormwood, bittersweet and rue. 

But heartsease, balsams grew here, too, 

So love the garden. 

Love the fields ! 

Sloping and broad 

With damp brown earth 

And sharp green grass, 

Oh, love them well until you know 

Where even weeds and wild fruits grow. 

They will yield 

More than grass and fruit and grain ; 

A deeper wisdom you will gain 

Of frost and hail, vapours and snow, 

Blossoming trees, all things that grow. 

Cattle, beasts and creeping things, 

Flying clouds and stormy winds, 

All their secrets have to tell. 

So love the fields and love them well. 



ANODYNE 

By Francis Wa$me MacVeagh 

Over the curve of the world 

Day's galleon sails away. 

The sunset's banners are furled, 

The Twilight gray 

Walks in the blossoming orchards 

That crown the cliffs of the bay. 

Gulls in the upper air 
Gleam and wheel as the stars ; 
Waves breathe a drowsy prayer 
For ease of earth's aching scars. 
Down in the harbor the moon 
Stands mazed 'mid a thousand spars. 



NEW HAMPSHIRE NECROLOGY 



S^sr 



HENRY COLE QUINBY 

Henry Cole Quinby, son of Henry B. 
Ouinby. former governor of New Hamp- 
shire, died on October 23, at his home in 
New York City, where he was one of the 
best known of the younger members of the 
bar. He was born at Lakeport on July 
9, 1872, prepared for college at Chauncey 
Hall School, Boston, was graduated from 
Harvard in 1894 and then took the course 
at the Harvard Law School. He was 
given the master's degree bv Bowdoin 
College in 1916. 

Soon after the completion of his law 
course, he entered upon practice in New 
York, and was for a number of years 
associated with the late Joseph PI. Choate. 
During the war he was an active member 
of the American Defense Society. For six 
years he was secretary of the Union 
League Club, and was one of its vice- 
presidents when he died. 

Air. Quinby was of literary tastes, a 
collector of rare books and manuscripts, 
and the compiler of his family genealogy. 
Lie was governor of the Society of May- 
flower Descendants of New York State ; 
president of the New Llampshire Society, 
secretary of the Grant Monument Associ- 
ation, and a member of the Harvard and 
Amateur Comedy Clubs and of the city 
and state bar associations. 

The funeral services were held at St. 
Bartholomew's Protestant Episcopal Church 
and were in charge of the rector, the Rev- 
erend Leighton Parks. Large delegations 
attended from all of the organizations 
with which Mr. Qiiinby was associated, 
and they included many of the most 
prominent men in public and professional 
life. 

Mr. Quinby leaves a wife, who. before 
her marriage, was Miss Florence Cole. 

WALTER IRVING BLANCKARD 

Dr. Walter Irving Blanchard, widely 
known physician, died at his Farmington 
home on October 3\, his sixtieth birthday. 
He was the son of Amos and Frances 
Adelaide (Morse) Blanchard and was 
born in Concord, where he was educated 
in the public schools and prepared for col- 
lege. After graduation from Dartmouth 
in 1884, he studied at the College of Phy- 
sicians and Surgeons in New York City. 

Following 'his medical training, Dr. 
Blanchard was for six years an interne 
at Bellevue Hospital in New York. He 
practised for twenty-one years in Boston, 
but had been back in his native state for 
some time. He was a member of the 
Maine, New Hampshire, and Massachu- 



setts Medical Societies and of the Ameri- 
can Medical Association. As a physician 
and citizen lie was much loved. 

Any notice of Dr. Blanchard would be 
incomplete without reference to his patri- 
otic record during the World War. He 
early volunteered for the Red Cross 
medical service, in which he held a re- 
sponsible position at Newport News. 
During the last of the "war drives'' lie 
performed excellent service as a speaker, in 
New Hampshire, where the fervor of his 
utterance commanded a warm response 
from his audiences. 

Dr. Blanchard is survived by a widow, 
by one son, Agnew Blanchard of Washing- 
ton, District of Columbia, and a brother, 
Mark Blanchard of Holbrook, Massachu- 
setts. 



DR. EDWIN G. ANNABLE 

The death occurred on Nov. 11, 1922, 
at his home in Concord of Dr. Edwin Guil- 
ford Amiable, for twenty-eight years in 
medical practice in the Capital City and 
the oldest of Concord's active practition- 
ers. He continued his work in his pro- 
fession up to the day before he was seized 
by the illness that ended his life after a 
duration of a week. 

Edwin G. Annable was born on a farm 
in Newport, Province of Quebec, Dec. 2, 
1840, but his father, Jacob Merrill Annable, 
and his mother, Eunice (Dean) Annable, 
were both New Englanders by birth who 
had moved into Canada to take up agri- 
cultural work. At the age of twenty, 
Edwin Annable returned to the country of 
his ancestors and established himself in 
Concord, where he was employed for some 
years by the old Prescott Organ Company 
and attained great skill as a cabinet work- 
er. In 1877, he began to read medicine 
in the Concord office of the late Dr. George 
Cook, pursuing his studies at Dartmouth 
Medical College and 'the University of 
Vermont. He received his degree from 
the latter institution in June, 1880, and 
began the practice of medicine at Fitz- 
william. New Hampshire, as a partner of 
Dr. Silas Cummings. This partnership 
continued three years until the death of 
Doctor Cummings and the practice was 
maintained by Dr. Annable two years long- 
er, when he removed to Norwich, Ver- 
mont. Here, he ministered to the popu- 
lation of a wide territory in Vermont and 
New Hampshire, but in 1894 he came back 
to Concord, where he maintained his med- 
ical practice to the last, serving patients 
not only in the city but in all the nearby 
towns and some who came to him from 
places forty and fifty miles away. 



476 



THE GRANITE MONTHLY 



On Tune 9, 1863, he married Louisa 
Maria Farwell, daughter of Hon, William 
Farwell, long crown land agent at Robin- 
son, P. Q. Had he lived until next June, 
their sixtieth wedding anniversary would 
have been observed. Besides his wife, Dr. 
Annable's survivors are his son, Rev. Ed- 
win W. Annable of Worthington, Minne- 
sota, three daughters, Mrs. Henry E. 
Roberts of Winchester, Massachusetts, 
Airs. Curtis A. Chamberlin of East Con- 
cord, Mrs. Edward J. Parshley of Concord, 
two sisters, who live in California, twelve 
grandchildren and five great grandchildren. 

He was a member of the South Congre- 
gational Church and Rumford Lodge of 
Odd Fellows of Concord, besides city and 
state medical societies. 

E. T. P. 



CHARES UPHAM BELL 

Charles Upham Bell died suddenly at 
his home in Andover. Massachusetts, on 
November 11. Judge Bell was born in 
Exeter February 24, 1843, the sou of 
James and Judith A. (Upham) Bell. 
His ancestry, both paternal and maternal, 
was of great distinction. A note on. the 
Bed family will be found in the October 
number of this magazine. 

After studying at Kimball Union and 
Phillips Exeter Academies, Judge Bell at- 
tended Bowdoin College, whence he was 
graduated in 1863 and from which he was 
in later years trie recipient of the honor- 
ary master's and doctor's degrees. His 
legal studies were pursued in the office 
of his cousin, the Honorable Charles H. 
Bell, at Exeter and at the Harvard Law 
School. 

Admitted to the bar in 1866, he practised 
in Exeter until 1871, when he removed to 
Lawrence, where he was a member success- 
ively of the firms of White and Bell, Bell 
and Sherman and Bell and Eaton. He was 
elevated to the Massachusetts Superior 
Court by Governor Wolcott in 1898 and 
remained on the bench until his resigna- 
tion in 1917. Since then he has from time 
to time presided over sessions in Essex 
County and was expecting to do so again 
during the week following his death. 

Judge Bell, while in Lawrence, served 
as a member of the Common Council, and 
was City Solicitor from 1892 to 1898. 
In 1888, he was a presidential elector. 
For many years he was actively associat- 
ed with the business of the Exeter Machine 
Works. 



Judge Bell served in the Forty-second 
Massachusetts Volunteers near the close 
of the Civil War. He was a member of 
the Society of Colonial Wars, of the Sons 
of the American Revolution, of the Mass- 
achusetts Society of the Cincinnati and 
of the Grand Army of the Republic. He 
had been an overseer of Bowdoin College. 

Judge Bell was twice married — first 
in 1872 to Helen M. Pitman of Laconia, 
who died in ]$8& leaving four children, 
second to Elizabeth W. Pitman of La- 
conia who died six years ago. 

He is survived by one son, Joseph P. 
Bell, a lawyer of Boston, and by three 
daughters. Mrs. George H. Driver of 
Lansford, Pennsylvania, and the Misses 
Alice L. and Mary W. Bell of Andover. 



WILLIAM A. WHITNEY 

There died at Peter Bent Brigham Hos- 
pital. Boston, on Nevernber 13, William A. 
Whitney. Although born in Boston fifty- 
nine years ago, the son of Justin and Jane 
(Taylor) Whitney, Mr. Whitney was es- 
sentially a New Hampshire man. After 
his education in the Boston public schools 
and the Massachusetts Institute of Tech- 
nology (1887) and one year spent in 
water works construction in Maine. Mr. 
Whitney joined his uncle, John T. Emer- 
son of Claremont, in the formation of the 
Emerson Paper Company. After super- 
vising the construction of the company's 
mills at Sunapee, he was connected with 
their management until the sale of the 
plant a few years ago. 

In 1891, he married Miss Shirley L. 
Robertson, daughter of John E. Robert- 
son of Concord. Until his removal to 
Sunapee seven years ago, Mr. Whitney re- 
sided in Claremont, where he was for 
many yars vestryman and warden of 
Trinity Church. At Sunapee he was 
active in the work of St. James's Church 
in the summer and of the Methodist Epis- 
copal Church in the winter. He was 
president of the Sunapee Board of Trade, 
secretary and treasurer of the Lake Sun- 
apee Yacht Club, trustee of the Sunapee 
Library and a member of the building 
committee for the new library. He was 
one of the most interested and active 
members of the Society for the Protec- 
tion of New Hampshire Forests. Mr. 
Whitney is survived by his widow and 
by one son, John Robertson Whitney of 
Boston. 






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