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Full text of "The Granite monthly, a New Hampshire magazine, devoted to literature, history, and state progress"

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THE 



GRANITE MONTHLY 



A New Hampshire Magazine 



DEVOTED TO 



History, Biography, Literature 
and State Progress 



VOLUME XLIV 
NEW SERIES, VOLUME VII 



CONCORD, N. H. 

PUBLISHED BY THE GRANITE MONTHLY COMPANY 

1912 



N 

qn+.z 

CONCORD, N. H. 

The rumford Press 
1912 



The Granite Monthly 



CONTEXTS JANUARY-DECEMBER, 1912 

Old Series, Volume XLIV 

New Series, Volume VII 

Page 

Allenstown, The Old Meeting House, by John Dowst 5 

Ames, Rev. Charles Gordon, D.D 119 

Autumn Ramble, An, by Francis H. Goodall 343 

Baker, Hon. Henry M 65 

Beautiful Washington, by Harry V. Lawrence 37 

Beautiful Merrimack, The, by Eben Little, Jr 369 

Blacksmith in the Pulpit and Parish, by Rev. E. P. Tenney. 299 

Brown, Hon. Albert 129 

Brown, Deacon William G., by J. Elizabeth Hoyt-Stevens, M.D 141 

Brown, Elisha Rhodes, by John Scales, A.M 257 

Change of Pastorates, A, by An Occasional Contributor 291 

Ciingregational Church of Pembroke, The, by An Occasional Contributor 123 

Constitutional Convention of 1912, The 165 

Editor and Publisher's Notes 32, 64, 96, 128 159, 256, 320, 352, 376 

Effect of Competition, The, by Cy Warman 223 

FitzGerald, Mrs. Susan W., A Granddaughter of New Hampshire, by H. H. Mctealf . 13 

Gerrish, Samuel Howard, by John B. Stevens 317 

Goodall, Francis Henry, by H. H. Metcalf 323 

Handsome Testimonial, A 93 

Haverhill in the War of the Revolution, by William F. Whitcher 133 

Historic Inns, by Eva F. T. Staniels 17 

Hollis, Henry French 1 

Hutchins, Hon. Stilson, by Henry H. Metcalf 225 

Irish Wit and Humor, by Alary E. Smith 26 

Isles of Shoals, The, by Theodora Chase 89 

Jones, Hon. Edwin F 161 

Kimball, Hon. John 97 

Ladd, William, The Apostle of Peace, by Charles E. Beals 273 

Leaders of New Hampshire, by H. C. Pearsons 1, 33, 65, 97, 129, 161, 353 

Legend of the Profile, The, by Ira W. Thayer 359 

Living Church in a Dead Village, A, by H. Addington Bruce 280 

Lost River, by Justus Conrad 235 

Memories of Ancient and Modern Greece, by F. B. Sanborn of Concord. Mass 241 

Missouri and New Hampshire, by F. IV Sanborn 107 

Monhegan Island, by Hi len Rolfe Holmes 147 

Morey, Col. Israel, by F. P. Wells 53 

My Mother, by Rev. E. P. Tenney 217 

Notable Occasion, A, Seventy-Fifth Anniversary of the South Congreiiai ional Church, 

Concord 39 

Notable Pastorate, A, Rev. Edward Etobie, D.D., by An Occasional Contributor. ... 70 

Nutrition and Diet, by Evelyn Waite 372 

Old Concord and Monadnock, by F. B. Sanborn 337 

Outwitting of Caleb Judd, The, by Mary C. Smith 313 

Page From a Day's Note Book, A, by Harry B. Metcalf 92 

Parker, Hon. Edward E., A Retired Veteran, by H. H. Metcalf 43 



iv Contents 

Page 

Pembroke Soldiers' Monument, by Harry F. Lake 329 

"Pool," The, by Ellen McRoberts Mason 213 

Progress of Geographical Discovery, The, by Fred Myron Colby 85 

Recollections of an Old House, by George Wilson Jennings 251 

Sanborn, F. B., by Harold D. Carew ." 151 

Settlement of Durham Point, The, by Rev. Everett S. Stackpole, D.D 295 

Some New Hampshire Dustons, by Edwin M. Currier 347 

Strenuous Vacation Trip, A, by Harry V. Lawrence 47 

"Sun, Stand Thou Still," by Fred Myron Colby 311 

Sunset, by George P. Leete 92 

Swedenborgianism in New Hampshire, by Charles Hardon 285 

Trained Nurse, The, by Evelyn Waite 23 

Waldron, Maj . Richard 79 

Worcester, Hon. Franklin 33 

New Hampshire Necrology 30, 62, 94, 126, 157, 224, 255, 288, 319, 349, 375 

Abbott, Isaac N 95 

Bartlett, Hon. John C 351 

Barton, Hubbard A 319 

Brooks, Lyman J 63 

Brown, Henry C 376 

Burleigh, Walter 126 

Carroll, Clarence F - 224 

Chandler, Prof. Charles H 127 

Chase, Benjamin 319 

Churchill, Hon. Frank C 349 

Clarke, Dr. Julia Cogswell 126 

Cochrane, Rev. Warren R., D.D 288 

Cofran, John G. W 31 

Congdon, Seneca B 351 

Curtis, Joseph R 319 

Dickinson, Charles H 255 

Dow, Lorenzo W 30 

Durgin, Woodbury M . '. 375 

Durrell, Capt. James M 127 

Eastman, Charles F , 350 

Fernald, Hon. Benjamin M 30 

Fletcher, Eustis J 63 

Folsom, Herbert 351 

French, Hon. F. Tilton 351 

Gilman, Gardiner 375 

Goodhue, Dr. David P .' 30 

Gordon, George A 224 

Grant, Rev. Roland D., D.D 288 

Graves, Bela 63 

Greene, Dr. Samuel H 62 

Hardy, Hon. Silas 94 

Harris, William C , 126 

Henry, John E '. 158 

Hull, William G 94 

Huntley, Frank P 350 

Hutchins, Hon. Stilson 157 

Hyland, Jesse B., M.D 255 

Kempton, Dr. Amanda H 94 

Leavitt, Mrs. Mary Clement 62 



Contents v 

New Hampshire Necrology — Continued: Page 

Leet, Dr. James A 30 

Marsh, Henry A 375 

Merrill, Rev. Nat haniel J 319 

Mitchell, Hon. William H 157 

Morrill, Hon. John B 

Parker, Harry S 62 

Parsons, Dr. John W L26 

Patterson, Dr. Charles F 95 

Peaslee, John Bradley, Ph.D 31 

Perkins, Rev. Benjamin Franklin 127 

Poole, Arthur E. . . ; 126 

Pulsifer, Thomas S 30 

Rand, Samuel S 31 

Read, Edwin F 63 

Richards, Mrs. Josephine L 63 

Robins, Rev. Joseph E., D.D 350 

SafTord, Mary A 319 

Shute, George S 127 

Stevens, Dr. Francis J 95 

Taylor, Hon. Oliver I 31 

Wadleigh, Milton B 375 

Watson, Mrs. Lima Hibbard 288 

Wentworth, Samuel H. . .^ 349 

Whipple, Joseph Reed 224 

Whitcomb, Arthur H 351 

POETRY 

After the Storm, by Maude Gordon Roby 6Q 

Again We Come, by Henry H. Metcalf 27* 

Akin to Both, by Frank Munroe Beverly 336 

Alexandria, At, 30 B. C, by Frederick Myron Colby 105 

Autumn, by Bela Chapin 295 

Aviator, The, by Mary H. Wheeler 11 

Awakening, An, by L. Adelaide Sherman 106 

Belknap Mountains, by Carrie E. Moore 335 

Below Zero, by Laura Garland Carr 52 

Benediction, A, by Moses Gage Shirley 341 

Birthday Greetings, by Maude Gordon Roby 318 

Brave Soldiers of the Sea, by Margaret Quimby 150 

Cathedral Pines, The, by Frederick J. Allen 279 

Changed Prayer, The, by Amy J. Dolloff 233 

Dead Thrush, The, by Rev. Thomas H. Stacy, D.D 72 

December, by Bela Chapin 374 

Dirge for the Dead, A, by Harold D. Carew 272 

Doomed Fly, The, by Georgiana Rogers 240 

Dover, Tales of Ancient, by P. L. F 21 

Eternity, by Stewart E. Rowe 78 

Faith Forever, by Stewart Everett Rowe 29 

Fantasy, by Laura Garland Carr 116 

Forest, The, by L. J. H. Frost 287 

Garrisons of Dover, The, by P. L. F 284 

God's Ways are Not as Man's Ways, by L. J. H. Frost 90 

Granite Hills, The, by H. B. Merriam 22 



vi Contents 

Page 

Great Unknown, The, by Stewart Everett Rowe 220 

Hero, A, by Moses Gage Shirley 277 

Hills Around the Farm, The, by Le Roy Smart 309 

Homo Inebriatus, by Bela Chapin 122 

Idle Hour, An, by Bela Chapin 254 

Last Wicket, The, by Maude Gordon Roby 164 

Laugh on, Proud World, by George Warren Parker 310 

Legend of Old Durham, A, by Theodora Chase 249 

Life Story, A, by L. Adelaide Sherman 16 

Lines Written to a Baby, by Maude Gordon Roby 155 

Little While, A, by Frances M. Pray 220 

Matador, The, by Fred Myron Colby 315 

May Meadows, by Charles Henry Chesley 146 

Mirror, A, by Emma F. Abbott 83- 

Mood, The, by Georgiana Rogers 216 

Mountain Voice, The, by Ellen M. Mason 29 

Mountain With the Cross, The, by Reginald F. Chutter 297 

Musician to his Dog, The, by Maude Gordon Roby 91 

Mystic Spring, The, by Stewart Everett Rowe 150 

New Hampshire, by Fred Myron Colby 4 

Night Winds, by L. J. H. Frost 155 

Octogenarian Song, by Charles Caverno , 357 

"Old Home" Call, The, by Earl Anderson 248 

Old Homestead, The, by Hannah B. Merriam '. 125 

Old Man of the White Mountains, The, by George G. Williams 88 

Only a Lock of Silver Grey, by L. J. H. Frost 342 

Pinkhams, The, by P. L. F 298 

Piscataqua Pioneers, Anonymous 328 

Playhouse Under the Bridge, The, by Mary Currier Rolofson 316 

Requiem for a Dog, A, — Don, by Clark B. Cochrane 345 

Retrospection, by Frank Monroe Beverly 45 

Star of the East, by Maude Gordon Roby 374 

Star Dust, by Moses Gage Shirley 371 

Tell Me! Oh God! by Stewart Everett Rowe 61 

Threnody, by L. J. H. Frost 25 

Time's Question, by Frances M. Pray .' 342 

To an Old Bible, by Mary Currier Rolofson 117 

True, by Stewart Everett Rowe 346 

Trust and Aspiration, by Margaret Quimby 221 

White Violets, by Hannah B. Merriam 132 

Yacht Builders, The, by Hannah B. Merriam 61 




HENRY FRENCH HOLLIS 



The Granite Monthly 



Vol. XLIV, No. 1 



JANUARY, 1912 New Series, Vol. 7, No. 1 



LEADERS OF NEW HAMPSHIRE 

VII 

Henry French Hollis 

By H. C. Pearson 



A Granite Monthly reader, resi- 
dent in another state, in the course 
of a recent letter to the editor mani- 
fested interest in the series of articles 
printed under this title, but inquired 
if no young men and no members of 
the Democratic party were counted 
now among "Leaders of New Hamp- 
shire." 

Of course the editor made prompt 
reply that an unusually large number 
of young men are prominent just now 
in the political, professional, educa- 
tional and industrial life of the state, 
and that a full share of them are mem- 
bers of the Democratic party. But 
in specific reply to the Western query 
there is printed herewith a brief 
sketch of the already brilliant career 
of the youngest man ever named by 
the Democratic party of New Hamp- 
shire as its candidate for governor 
of the state; a man who has not yet 
reached his forty-third birthday, but 
who has been for a decade a leader 
in his profession of the law, not alone 
in New Hampshire, but in New Eng- 
land as well. 

Henry French Hollis was born in 
West Concord (Ward Three of the 
city of Concord) on August 30, 1869. 
On his father's side he is in the sev- 
enth generation from John Hollis, a 
resident of Weymouth, Mass.; in the 
17th century; and on his mother's 



side in the tenth generation from Ed- 
ward French, who came from England 
to America in 1637. 

Major Abijah Hollis of the Forty- 
fifth and Fifty-sixth Regiments of 
Massachusetts Volunteers for the 
Civil War, while at home on a furlough 
because of wounds received in action, 
married at Cambridge, Mass.. Jaly 
9, 1864, Harriette VanMater French, 
sister of Daniel Chester French, the 
eminent sculptor, and daughter of 
Hon. Henry Flagg French of Chester, 
N. H., later of Concord, Mass., and 
Washington, D. C, distinguished 
jurist, agriculturalist and public of- 
ficial. Their second son and third 
child, Henry F. Hollis, was born, as 
has been said, at West Concord, of 
which village Major Hollis has been 
a respected and honored resident since 
1865, representing his ward in the 
legislature and constitutional conven- 
tions. 

The boy attended the public schools 
of Concord and graduated from the 
high school in the class of 1886. At 
once after graduation he went to the 
far west, and during the rest of the 
year 1886 and in 1887 he was employed 
by the Chicago, Burlington & Quincy 
Railroad in civil engineering work 
between Denver and San Francisco. 
Returning east, he finished his prepar- 
atory school work at Concord, Mass., 



2 The Granite Monthly 

and in September, 1888, entered Har- The firm of Remick & Hollis occu- 

vard College. pies as an office building the former 

At Cambridge he showed the intel- residence of the late John A White 
lectual force and brilliance which have at State and Capitol streets in Con- 
since marked his career, and gradu- cord, a part of the famous civic center 
ated in June, 1892, with the rare dis- of the capital, and known to New 
tinction of magna cum laude rank, Hampshire people as the temporary 
receiving also the honor of an election home of the Governor and other state 
to the Phi Beta Kappa society, the officials during the reconstruction of 
national scholarship fraternity, whose the state house in 1909 and 1910. 
emblem is the golden key that unlocks Mr. Hollis's success as a lawyer has 
the stores of knowledge and the gates not been in the least surprising, for 
of success. it was predicted by eminent practi- 

Mr. Hollis's rank was the more re- tioners who knew him as a boy and 
markable in that, while pursuing the watched his first appearances in the 
prescribed courses which secured for courts. In a way it is inherited, for 
him the degree of Bachelor of Arts, he his father studied law and was admit- 
also attended lectures and passed ex- ted to the Massachusetts bar, giving 
animations in nearly two years' work up that career for the service of his 
in the Harvard Law School. At the country; the legal standing of his 
same time he took a lively interest grandfather, Judge French, has been 
and active part in the social and ath- mentioned; and one maternal great- 
letic sides of college life, being a mem- grandfather was Chief Justice AVil- 
ber of the university glee club and liam M. Richardson of the supreme 
track athletic team, and playing on court of New Hampshire while the 
his class baseball nine. other was Attorney-General Daniel 

So far had he progressed with his French, also of New Hampshire. The 
legal studies at Cambridge that he fact that his younger brother, Allen 
needed only a few months in the law Hollis, Esq., is also a successful and 
offices of the late Hon. William L. prominent lawyer adds to the proof 
Foster and the late Hon. Harry G. of this influence of heredity. 
Sargent to complete his preparation As a lawyer Mr. Hollis is distin- 
for the New Hampshire bar, to which guished by the soundness of his train- 
he was admitted in March, 1893, and ing; the exactness of his knowledge; 
of which he has since been a member, and the fertility of his resource. To 
with offices in Concord. thorough preparation of his cases he 

From 1893 to 1899 Mr. Hollis was adds the powers of the eloquent advo- 

associated in partnership with the cate and the keen cross-examiner, 

late Mayor Sargent and with Edward with the result that he is considered 

C. Niles, Esq., now chairman of the the leading jury lawyer among the 

state public service commission. For younger men of the New Hampshire 

a further period of six years, or until bar. 

1905, he was the partner of Attorney- Some of his successes, in the line 

General Edwin G. Eastman, the firm especially of heavy verdicts secured 

maintaining offices in Exeter and Con- against great corporations, have been 

cord. Then, for a few years, he prac- almost startling, notably the verdict 

ticed alone until, in 1910, one of the for $24,416.66 in Piper v. Boston & 

strongest and most successful law Maine Railroad, the largest verdict 

firms in the state was formed by Mr. ever awarded in New Hampshire in 

Hollis, Hon. James W. Remick, for- a personal injury case, and secured by 

mer justice of the supreme court of the Mr. Hollis, without assistance, at the 

state, Alexander Murchie, Esq., city hands of a Merrimack County jury, 

solicitor of Concord, Robert Jackson, Mr. Hollis took a leading part in 

Esq., and Robert C. Murchie, Esq. the litigation concerning the John H. 



Henry French Hollis 



Pearson estate of Concord, the Hiram 
Barker estate of Farmington, and the 
Percy Summer Club cases, in which 
he represented the State of New 
Hampshire as special counsel for 
many years. At one time he was 
special counsel for the State, for Mer- 
rimack County and for the City of 
Concord on different matters, when all 
three were of a complexion politically 
opposed to him. His services, more- 
over, have been equally valued in the 
less public fields of advice, consul- 
' tation and office practice. 

From boyhood Mr. Hollis has been 
interested in politics, meaning by that 
term the consideration and solution 
of the problems of the day as applied 
to city, state and national affairs. 
Always a sincere and outspoken be- 
liever in the principles of the Demo- 
cratic party, he has voted with it and 
worked for it from the time of his 
majority. It was natural that he 
soon should be numbered among its 
leaders and it was characteristic of 
his temperament that he did not wait 
to pass through the apprenticeship 
which New Hampshire politics used to 
demand of all young men before allow- 
ing them to advance from the ranks. 

His first political candidacy was for 
Congress in the Second New Hamp- 
shire District in 1900, when he had 
but just passed his thirtieth year; 
and this he followed in 1902 by becom- 
ing the candidate of his party for gov- 
ernor of the state, making a second 
run for this same office in 1904. 
Those were the days when the Repub- 
lican party in New Hampshire was 
at its apex of united strength and ef- 
ficient organization and Mr. Hollis 
knew when he entered the fight that 
he was contending against great odds. 
But he had the satisfaction in 1902 of 
cutting in two the Republican plu- 
rality of 1900; and in 1904 of increas- 
ing his own vote over that of two 
year before. 

He has worked as hard for the suc- 
cess of other candidates on the same 
platform as for his own, and much 
credit for the present condition of 



his party in this state is due to his 
active service on the Democratic 
state committee as a member, as chair- 
man and as chairman of the executive 
committee. He is known, too, in 
Democratic circles of the nation, hav- 
ing been member of the Democratic 
congressional committee from New 
Hampshire; vice-president of the Anti- 
Imperialist League; and a close friend 
and confidant of several national 
leaders of the party. 

He always has been an intelligent 
friend of the cause of labor and a wil- 
ling worker in its interests. Several 
of New Hampshire's advanced laws 
on this subject, notably the present 
effective child-labor law and the 58 
hour work week for women and chil- 
dren, are the result of his initiative. 
As a political leader and speaker Mr. 
Hollis is distinguished by his direct 
appeal to the people. A student of 
public problems and affairs he long 
ago formulated and gave to the public 
as his personal platform new ideas in 
government which since have been 
adopted by the majority, not only of 
his own party but of his opponents 
as well. He is in much demand 
throughout New England as a stump 
speaker because of his knowledge, his 
eloquence, and his ability, on occasion, 
to pour oratorical hot shot into the 
camp of the other party. 

Recently, Mr. Hollis has announced 
that he will be a candidate for election 
by the legislature of 1913 as United 
States Senator from New Hampshire 
in succession to Henry E. Burnham of 
Manchester; and to an unbiased ob- 
server, on the other side of the politi- 
cal fence, it would appear that the 
Democratic party in New Hampshire 
could choose from among its number 
no man more deserving of the honor 
of the nomination, both by reason of 
his ability, training and reputation, 
and his political record and services. 

At home, in Concord, Mr. Hollis 
is popular as a leader in social life and 
highly esteemed as a public-spirited 
citizen. He is a trustee of the New 
Hampshire Savings Bank, one of the 



4 The Granite Monthly 

oldest and strongest financial pillars Mr. Hollis married, at Norwood, 

of the state; has been a member of Mass., June 14, 1893, Grace Bruerton 

the board of education; and is a lead- Fisher, a graduate of the Bridgewater, 

ing layman of the Unitarian church. Mass., Normal School, and they have 

One of the secrets of his success on two children, Henry French Hollis, 

all lines has been his insistence upon Jr., who is fitting for Harvard at 

keeping himself physically "fit" by Phillips Exeter Academy; and Anne 

refusing to give up athletic sports Richardson Hollis, a pupil at St. 

and the out-of-door life. In the years Mary's school for girls, Concord. Mr. 

when the Wonolancet Club of Con- and Mrs. Hollis have a striking and 

cord had the best amateur baseball happy similarity of tastes and Mrs. 

team in the state he was its captain. Hollis is active in club, church, social 

He has been president of the Beaver and out-door life. She is an officer 

Meadow golf club at Concord and and active worker of the Concord 

ranks among the dozen best men over Equal Suffrage association which just 

the links in the state. In winter now is making a vigorous campaign 

snowshoeing is a favorite sport. Be- for the adoption of a suffrage amend- 

sides various New Hampshire soci- ment by the coming constitutional 

eties and clubs he is a member of the convention, and is also the secretary 

University club of Boston and the of the New Hampshire Woman Suf- 

Vesper Country Club of Lowell, Mass. frage Association. 



NEW HAMPSHIRE 

By Fred Myron Colby 

The hills of New Hampshire, how grandly they rise, 
Contrasting their green with the blue of the skies! 
Their glory arises in prospects that please; 
New Hampshire, New Hampshire, I love thee for these. 

The lakes of New Hampshire, what sylvan scenes lie 
Around these bright waters so fair to the eye! 
No lakes more enchanting beyond the broad seas; 
New Hampshire, New Hampshire, I love thee for these. 

The streams of New Hampshire, that flow to the sea, 
Each lined with proud cities, emporiums to be; 
The dash of their waters brings fortune and ease; 
New Hampshire, New Hampshire, I love thee for these. 

The vales of New Hampshire, like visions they cheer, 
They shame the Elysiums described by the seer; 
Fair Edens of beauty, tempting sun and the breeze, 
New Hampshire, New Hampshire, I love thee for these. 

The men of New Hampshire, how sturdy and strong; 
Their deeds are emblazoned in story and song; 
They're heroes and patriots, nay, kings if you please; 
New Hampshire, New Hampshire, I love thee for these. 



THE OLD ALLENSTOWN MEETING HOUSE 



By John Dowst 

[Read before Buntin Chapter, D. A. R., Suncook, N. H., Nov. 30, 1910.] 



Allenstown, unlike many other 
towns, has no published history, and, 
unfortunately, lost by fire the earliest 
records of the town up to the year 
1843. The necessary materials, there- 
fore, for a town history must be 
gleaned and gathered from other 
sources than the records, and the 
supply is very limited, indeed. 

After twenty-five years of effort, 
much relating to its early days has 
been found, some of it worth printing 
and some not, and it is necessarily 
fragmentary and disconnected. 

I have a list of Revolutionary 
soldiers numbering nineteen, many of 
the war of 1812, quite a fair list of 
town officers, the old Selectmen's 
account book from 1806 forward and 
the old inventory book from 1817 to 
1841. Old newspaper files yielded 
many valuable items, especially in 
the line of marriages and deaths, and 
some advertising gave pointers in 
regard to local affairs. With time at 
my command, I could make quite a 
volume, but it is more particularly 
of the old church organization and 
meeting house that I propose to 
speak tonight. 

It was thought until recently that 
the religious history of Allenstown 
was wrapped in the deepest obscurity, 
but such proves not to have been the 
case, although much has evidently 
been lost. Unlike many of the older 
towns of the State, and perhaps, some 
no older than our own, it never had 
a church of the Congregational order 
with a minister supported by taxation 
and a long disagreement over the 
location of the church edifice, as was 
frequently the case. Perhaps the 
principal reason for this was the few- 
ness of the inhabitants and their 
location, then, as now, like a fringe 
around . the borders of the town, 
instead of clustering around a central 



village. We find that some of those 
in the eastern part of the town went 
to Epsom and Deer field to attend 
services; those in the western part 
to the church on Pembroke street, 
and probably the Halls and others in 
the South parish to Candia. 

The earliest preaching in town, of 
which we find any mention, was by 
traveling or evangelistic parsons, and 
the meetings were evidently held in 
private houses in cold weather, and in 
barns in the summer, for in those 
days they had no school houses, but 
hired a room in a private house in 
which to conduct the school. 

The first religous services of which 
we have found any record were held at 
the house of Ede Hall Burgin in April, 
1791, by Elder Elias Smith, then on 
his way from Haverhill to Newmarket, 
N. H. He arrived at the Burgin's 
Saturday night, a stranger, and during 
the evening they learned that he was 
a preacher, and Sunday morning they 
sent notice throughout the surround- 
ing country and so gathered the 
people in to hear him. 

This Elias Smith, then a young 
man just beginning his ministry, 
visited Allenstown and preached at 
intervals until 1840, and, perhaps, 
later. He, with Elder Abner Jones 
and one other, founded the New 
England section of the Christian 
Church. A few years later we find 
other ministers coming to the town 
and preaching in various homes and 
finally in the school houses, and the 
present venerable meeting house now 
nearing its century mark. 

Elder Randall, founder of the Free 
Will Baptist denomination, preached 
at Samuel Kenison's July 8th, 1802, 
and Elder Mark Fernald was a fre- 
quent visitor here during his long 
ministry, beginning in 1808 and end- 
ing in 1852. Two or three settled 



6 The Granite Monthly 

pastors evidently served the church at are not carried forward into the more 
various periods, but we have a record recent work, and they are names that 
or mention of but two, and two others we can account for, and also for the 
are named by tradition only. Many further fact that the church was 
itinerants are known to have been here strong and large enough in 1815, three 
— Elders Swett, Harriman, Blodgett, years before the second book com- 
Churchill, Sleeper, Blaisdell, Peavey, mences, to undertake the erection of 
Winkley, Meader, McCutcheon, Dick- a church edifice. Unless there was a 
son, John Harriman Clark and others division of the church, splitting it into 
that we will not take time to enumer- two factions, we cannot understand 
ate. Throughout its history, embrac- the two records. Whether such was 
ing a period of fifty-five years, the the case or not, we believe that the 
church was served principally by such church was the result of the preaching- 
ministers and most of the prominent of Elders Abner Jones and Elias 
men in the denomination were heard Smith, who established churches of 
in this pulpit. the Christian denomination through- 
Some years ago I learned that the out New England, and what is more 
records of the Christian Church of reasonable to suppose than that such 
Allenstown were in the possession of a church was gathered by them here 
the family of the late John Clark of when the town was not supplied with 
Pittsfield, and I procured them and means for regular worship, 
.found that a church was organized A creed, or statement of belief, 'was 
here July 10, 1807, which would make adopted, and, on September 26, 
it one of the earliest in the history of 1818, Elder Abner Jones was called 
the denomination, for Elder Abner to "take the fatherly care and over- 
Jones did not commence to preach sight of us so far as to occasionally 
until 1801, in Lyndon, Vt. These assist us in Laboring with us and 
records give the details of the organ- Administering the ordinances to us 
ization and rolls, with additions for as much as his other avocations will 
some years, articles of faith or belief, admit." He was evidently in no 
and seem to have been well kept by hurry to accept, for the records of 
Hall Burgin, Clerk, the last entry January 15, 1821, almost two and 
being July 3, 1828. This was one-half years later, read, "By order 
regarded as a treasure and a most of Elder Abner Jones I hereby record 
valuable contribution to the history that he accepts of and agrees to com- 
of our old town; but what was more ply with the above desire. Hall 
surprising than all was the finding, a Burgin, Clerk." Many of these old 
year or more ago, of another record, time ministers were pastors of more 
rather more complete than the first, than one church, and one writes that 
yet not altogether the same. This he was pastor of three churches, one 
record was found in the possession of of which he had not visited for thir- 
the late Andrew J. Cate, but it now teen months. 

appears, by the statement of Miss The list of members in the second 

Mary F. Kenison, that it was for book is largely, especially in the 

long years in the keeping of her earlier years, a repetition of that in 

family, and only temporarily in his the first, but the following names 

hands. It commences September do not appear in the second: Jacob 

26, 1818, was kept by Hall Burgin, Edes, who lived near the present 

Clerk, and covers ten years of the Allenstown R. R. Station, James 

last part of the other book. I should Clark, Frederick McCutcheon of Pem- 

judge that the second book was a broke, Jonathan Martin of Candia, 

reproduction of the first were it not Benjamin, David and Moses Robin- 

for the fact that quite a number of son of Epsom, John Connor and 

names appear in the older book that Nehemiah Cofran of Pembroke, 



The Old Allenstown Meeting House 



Josiah and Bathsheba Allen of Epsom, 
Lois Evans, widow of Capt. George 
Evans, who afterward became a 
Universalis!, and Deborah Edes. 
Then for a few years the two lists are 
practically duplicates, and, after 1827, 
many new names appear in the second 
book. Time will not permit me to 
give the complete roll, but it contains 
the names of most of the older fam- 
ilies of Allenstown and some from 
other towns. The families repre- 
sented were, the Dickeys, Tripps, 
Bickfords, Worths, Davises and Rob- 
insons of Epsom; the McCutcheons, 



that Mr. Clark, an unordained 
preacher, took the supervision. This 
could hardly have been correct for 
Robert Allen preached here as late 
as 1825 or 1830, and Mr. Henry 
Dowst, born in 1820, remembered 
that he lived with Joseph Brown on 
the present Fred Page farm and 
preached, as well as worked on the 
farm. 

Hall Burgin was for many years 
Clerk; William Clark and Samuel 
Kenison, Jr. also rilled that office, 
and J. G. Martin was the last to hold 
the position. 




Old Allenstown Meeting House — Exterior View 



Connors and Cofrans of Pembroke; 
Jonathan Martin of Candia and the 
Philbrick, Burgin, Johnson, Clark, 
Perkins, Rowell, Cate, Nelson, Keni- 
son, Dowst, Bachelder, Marden, 
Haynes, Brown, Hayes, Evans and 
other families from Allestown. Al- 
most every family in the Eastern 
and Southern part of the town was 
represented. 

Elder Abner Jones was undoubt- 
edly the first pastor, although John 
Harriman Clark once wrote that the 
church was organized by his grand- 
father, Ichabod Clark; that Rev. 
Robert Allen was the first pastor, and 



The deacons, or a portion of them, 
at least, were, J. G. Martin, Charles 
Rowell and E. T. Philbrick. 

As to pastors, it is not at all prob- 
able that Elder Jones, the first pastor 
ever lived here, but came occasion- 
ally; but Elder Robert Allen lived 
here for a time, and Elder Taft was 
a resident, but probably for a short 
time, as his name does not appear on 
the tax lists. On April 5, 1844, 
Frederick Cogswell writes, "Myself 
and wife have preached here about 
three years. I once had faith in the 
'43 doctrine but became convinced 
and readily confessed my error." 



8  The Granite Monthly 

Tradition has it that the wife was period which is still remembered by 

much the better preacher of the two, our older inhabitants, 

but, in any event Allenstown was one The church organization seems to 

of the earliest to call a woman to have been kept up, and, on August 

occupy the pulpit. J. G. Martin 1, 1859, Edwin T. Philbrick, a son 

was chosen to fill the vacancy as of Simeon Philbrick, and grandson 

pastor, but was probably not ordained, of Jonathan, and himself a member 

There is reason to believe that this of this church, was ordained to the 

was quite an important church in Christian ministry in the old meeting 

the Strafford Conference to which it house, by Elders Swett, Holmes, 

belonged, and we find that frequent Bartlett and Dickson. He preached 

Conferences were held here. Elder here two or three years and then 

Mark Fernald mentions one, August gave up the church and founded 

21, 1822, another May 27, 1828, and another in New Rye, where he and 

on June 18, 1842 he preached an hour most of his parishioners lived, instead 

and fifty minutes. The hospitality of in Allenstown. 

at the old Judge Burgin mansion was Here practically ends the history 

probably noted, as it was frequently of the Christian Church in Allenstown, 

mentioned by these old ministers. after an existence of something like 

The church seems to have been 55 years, covering the most prosper- 

prosperous and united as far as the ous period in the life of the old town 

records show, until the second Advent and embracing in its membership 

or Millerite movement in 1843, when representatives of about all of its 

there was apparently a division and leading families. 

some withdrawals, and perhaps, not After that time services were held 

a little controversy among the mem- occasionally until 1862, when Rev. 

bers, for we read that a committee W. M. Ayres, then a student in the 

was appointed, April 10, 1843, to Methodist Institute at Concord, came 

"demand the church book" and here and preached a year or more very 

Deacon Charles Rowell and Samuel successfully, but I do not know that 

Kenison, Jr. composed that com- a church was ever organized, but 

mittee. It seems that the Advent remember one baptismal service at 

belief was that all were doomed to Bear brook, in front of the old meeting 

destruction throughout the whole house, during his pastorate, 

world who honestly united with a Elder Joseph Harvey of Pittsfield, 

church for their good and edification, during the years of his long and busy 

They taught that all who did not life, frequently preached here, espe- 

have their names erased or blotted daily one Sunday in August, and Brice 

from the church records were at S. Evans of Boston, one who never 

Christ's coming to be destroyed. forgot his native town when he could 

This doctrine evidently made some be of .service to her, brought many 

impression in the Allenstown church, famous ministers to assist him in the 

and Jonathan Philbrick, Albon Per- "August meetings," which to the 

kins, John Clark, Polly Perkins, last years of his life were never 

Sally Clark, Mary Clark, Robert omitted, but were favored to the last 

Evans, Moses Martin and Hannah with an ever increasing interest and 

Martin had their names erased, but attendance. 

not so effectually but what they are So much for the church organiza- 

legible today. Sally Clark in 1853, tion and our respected ancestors who 

not long before her death, wrote a composed it. We now turn to the 

long and able article, which is pre- old "meeting house" itself, which 

served, giving her reasons for with- Buntin Chapter has so generously 

drawing, and it throws much light and patriotically taken upon itself 

on that famous Advent or Millerite to repair and restore to its former 



The Old Allenstown Meeting House 



estate, as it stood when occupied by 
our parents and grandparents, and 
also by the earlier citizens of the 
town for their annual elections and 
other purposes, as an educational 
convention was once held here, a 
singing school and various political 
meetings preceding elections. This 
house is probably the first public 
building erected in town, although 
it is somewhat uncertain from any 
records that I have found. Perhaps, 
there was a school house in District 
No. 1 (the Evans District), as in 1811, 
the town paid for glass, etc. for 



moved in 1813, and in 1814 money 
was paid to Samuel Gleason and 
others for work on "the town house, 
the old one" in fitting it up. This 
was, perhaps, never used, or, at the 
most, but once or twice before we 
find indications of a new one. It is 
current tradition, and probably cor- 
rect, that the Christian Church or 
Society, heretofore described, com- 
menced this edifice and was not able 
to complete it as the cost would have 
been too heavy for them. Probably 
the church never numbered more 
than thirty families, most of whom 




Old Allenstown Meeting House — Interior View 



repairs, and there was a tax assessed 
in 1818 for a new school house in that 
district and also in the same year in 
District No. 3 (Buck St.) There 
was apparently no school house 
erected in the South Parish, (District 
No. 2), until later, for in 1822 the 
town paid Charles Rowell rent for a 
room in which to keep school. 

The first mention of anything in 
the line of a town house is in 1813 
when they paid John Porter three 
dollars for rum, "hauling the meeting 
or town house," and Hall Burgin for 
cider for the same purpose. It seems 
that Judge Burgin gave a building 
for a town house, which had to be 



were in moderate circumstances and 
a building like this would mean more 
to each than they would feel able to 
pay. Therefore, the town assumed 
the burden and, as a partial offset, 
sold the pews. In the researches 
that I have made the first mention 
is jn 1815, when the town paid Samuel 
Kenison for making clapboards and 
shingles, which were then made alto- 
gether by hand, and not by sawmills. 
There appears to have been nothing 
paid for lumber, of any account, and 
the timber was quite likely hewed in 
the forest, and it was so plenty and 
cheap in those days that it was quite 
likely free for such a purpose, and, 



10 The Granite Monthly 

perhaps, the sawing was given by Joseph Wallace and Ichabod Clark. 

Judge Burgin who was the richest This does not account for all of them, 

and most prominent man in the con- but it is related that Esquire Burgin 

regation and owned a sawmill near took several, to help out, and Joseph 

by. We find that James, Samuel Wallace, Ichabod Clark and Henry 

and Nathaniel Kenison, Alexander Dowst evidently took two or more 

Salter, Ichabod Clark, Jacob Edes, each. The notes were almost all for 

Andrew 0. Evans, Joseph C. Wallace twenty dollars and that was probably 

and Jonathan Brown all did work the fixed price and there are some 

upon it, and Jonathan Philbrick and odd figures that indicate that they 

John Johnson put in the underpinning, paid something extra for their choice, 

for which they received forty dollars. Most of these pews can be located 

It is said that the men were at work today, and several of them are yet 

on the building at the time of the in the hands of descendants of the 

great gale in September, 1815, but original owners. Later many of 

it is not recorded whether any one them changed hands, and it is an 

was injured or any damage done or interesting fact that at the rededica- 

not. tion of the house, August 23, 1909, 

Probably the arrangement of pews, it is extremely doubtful if the descend- 

pulpit, and free benches was just as ants of but four of the original pur- 

you see them today, except that the chasers were represented in the large 

pulpit entrance has been changed congregation. Those were Jonathan 

recently for election purposes; but Philbrick, A. O. Evans, Israel Marden 

it can be easily restored to its original and Henry Dowst, and but three or 

form. There was also a desk, with four of the children of that pioneer 

a seat inside, just in front of the pul- band are living today. Considering 

pit, which was formerly used by the the location of the building, so far 

election officers on town meeting away from any dwelling, in the midst 

days, by the church for communion of a pine forest through which a fire 

services, and some say that the would sweep like a whirlwind if it 

deacons formerly sat there, but of once started, it is remarkable that it has 

that we have no satisfactory evidence, stood so many years. It has seen 

By vote of the town, passed March the wonderful changes of almost a 

12, 1815, Robert Buntin, Ichabod century — travel on horseback re-' 

Clark and Simon Bachelder were placed by the stage coach, which 

appointed a committee for the pur- probably commenced to run through 

pose of selling the pews in the meeting the town soon after the building was 

house and giving deeds to purchasers, erected, then later, the light and com- 

and in October, 1816, we find them fortable carriages of the present day, 

performing the duties of their trust. an d last of all the automobile, break- 

These deeds were for no part of the j ng the solitude for but an instant in 

land on which the building stood, [ ts rap i d flight. The old church yet 

but were for "meeting privileges" sta nds, a lonely sentinel by the wav- 

only. There seems to be no complete gide The f oim ders have all passed 

record of the purchasers but we find Qn and mogt or ftU of their children . 

in the town books the following list of The h ^ foregts haye fallen 

persons giving notes for the same, no more; the hospitable 

which would not include cash pur- a "" . " T . ' , u 

chasers, if any. The names are as mansion of Judge Burgin has been 

follows: Jonathan Philbrick, A. 0. consumed, and the family scattered, 

Evans, Hanover Dickey, Israel Mar- but the dusty road and Bear brook 

den, Samuel Wells, Joseph Brown, remain alone unchanged. 

Jeremiah Fiske, Henry Dowst, John Buntin Chapter D. A. R. is to be 

Johnson, Esquire Burgin, John Davis, congratulated on securing this monu- 



The Old Allenstown Meeting House 11 

ment of a fast disappearing type as house of our forefathers and a building 

a home, and praised for the interest that was once the house of worship 

that has prompted it to secure it and and the voting place of several revo- 

take steps to preserve it as a modest lutionary soldiers whose memories 

specimen of the church and town you seek to perpetuate. 



THE AVIATOR 

By Mary H. Wheeler 



It's up, up, up o'er the tree-tops tall, 
And the crowds that are upward staring, 

AVhile the trees and the crowds and the hills grow small 
To the voyagers over them faring. 

While the shadows lie on the green earth's side, 

To mount where the light is clearest, 
On the waves of the upper air to ride 

To the white cloud hanging nearest. 

To fly with the wind and to drop and to rise, 

And to feel one's own heart beating 
With the joy of the lark when he seeks the skies 

To carol his morning greeting! 

To dare the track that no eye can trace, 

Preceding or pursuing. 
Where time is naught and the awe of space 

Is lost in its swift subduing. 

Oh, ye of a race earth bound no more, 

Leave your creeping and your prating; 
Away with the lark, with the eagle soar 

To the boundless freedom waiting! 

Go look from above on the earth's expanse, 

Through the clearer air of the azure; 
Take the town and the mountain range at a glance, 

And dust with infinity measure! 

Oh, joy for the race, growing wise apace, 

Through this last impulsion given, 
For with ether shod, on the heights of God, 

Men may travel the cloud-ways of heaven. 




Mrs. Susan W. FitzGerald 



A GRANDDAUGHTER OF NEW HAMPSHIRE 

Susan AY. (Mrs. Richard Y.) FitzGerald 
By H. H. Metcalf 

For some weeks prior to the recent in order to render a woman's election 
municipal election in Boston, involv- more difficult, if not impossible, 
ing the choice of two members of the Mrs. FitzGerald was well known 
school board, among other officials, to the public, indeed, before she en- 
the attention of the people, not only gaged in this vigorous and somewhat 
in that city but throughout New Eng- spectacular canvass, in which she 
land and even beyond its borders, addressed scores of outdoor and indoor 
was commanded by the vigorous meetings, exhibiting zeal, earnestness, 
canvass made by a woman, Mrs. purpose and determination in a meas- 
Susan W. FitzGerald, for one of these ure seldom witnessed, and that in 
positions — a canvass which- resulted the face of almost insuperable dim- 
in her securing a very substantial culties, since she had participated, 
vote, notwithstanding the opposition actively and conspicuously in the 
of the party machines and powerful woman suffrage demonstration 
non-partisan organizations, though throughout the state, preceding the 
not sufficient to insure her the victory November election, and made her- 
which the best friends of the public self known as a leading champion of 
schools in and out of the city earnestly the equal suffrage cause. Yet corn- 
hoped she might win, not only because paratively few people in the Granite 
they believed her to be peculiarly State, who have noted and admired 
well equipped for the office but because her efforts, in each of these directions, 
they believed that woman should are aware of the fact that she comes 
everywhere have a part in the manage- of distinguished New Hampshire stock 
ment and direction of school affairs, and knows and loves the State as 

It may be remarked, by way of well as a majority of its daughters, 

parenthesis that it is particularly Such, however, is really the case, 
discreditable to the city of Boston She is the daughter of the late Bear 

that it has had no woman member Admiral John G. Walker,* the famous 

of its educational board for several naval officer in whose name and fame 

years past, the membership thereof, every intelligent New Hampshire man 

in fact, having been greatly reduced and woman takes special pride. A 

upon the adoption of the new charter native of the town of Hillsborough, 

*Rear Admiral John Grimes Walker, son of Alden and Susan Grimes Walker, was horn in 
Hillsborough, N. H., March 20, 1835. He was a nephew of the late Hon. James \Y. Grimes, 
of Iowa, his mother being the sister of the latter by whom he was adopted in boyhood, and 
with whom he had his home until his appointment as a midshipman in the navy in 1850. He 
graduated from the naval academy at Annapolis in 1856; was made a lieutenant in 1858, and 
was in active service during the Civil War. He took part in the capture of New ( Means and 
the siege of Vicksburg; was made a lieutenant commander July 16, 1862, and commanded an 
iron-clad in Porter's Mississippi squadron. He commanded a naval expedition up the Yazoo 
River, during which his vessel was destroyed by a hidden torpedo. He commanded the Saco 
of the North Atlantic blockading squadron in 1865, and the Shawmut at the capture of the 
defenses near Wilmington, N. C. He was promoted commander July 25, 1866, and captain 
June 25, 1877. He was Chief of the Bureau of Navigation from 1881 till 1889; in February 
of which latter year he was made a Commodore and assigned to the command of the new 
"Squadron of Evolution." Subsequently he was successively given command of European, 
South Atlantic and North Atlantic squadrons. January 23, 1894, he was made a Rear Admiral 
and assigned to command of the Pacific squadron, serving from March until August of that 
year, after which he was chairman of the Light House board till his retirement , March 20, 1897. 
He was president of the Nicaragua Canal Commission from 1897 to 1899 and subsequently 



14 



The Granite Monthly 



Admiral Walker was adopted in 
childhood by his uncle, the late Sen- 
ator Grimes of Iowa,* another dis- 
tinguished son of the old Granite 
State. He married, in early man- 
hood, a Pickering of Roxbury — a 
noted old-time Massachusetts fam- 
ily, — and their daughter — Susan 
Grimes — was born in Cambridge, 
Mass., May 9, 1871. Her early life 
was passed in different places, as 
determined by the service assign- 
ments of her father, and her prelimi- 
nary education gained in Boston, 
Salem, and Washington, D. C. She 
also studied in Europe, where in dif- 
ferent countries which she visited, 
with her family, she obtained a 
knowledge of the French and German 
languages, which she has always 
retained. She entered Bryn Mawr 
College, Pa., from which she graduated 
in the class of 1893, having been a 
leading spirit in her class from the 
start, and a prominent factor in the 
college life. She remained at the 
college the year after graduation as 
secretary to the President, and was 
largely instrumental in systematizing 
the administrative department of the 
institution. Here it was that she 
first became interested in political 
matters, and to her initiative was due 
the organization of the Students' 
Self Governing Association, the first 
of its kind in the country, soon fol- 
lowed by many similar organizations. 
Her work at Bryn Mawr was fol- 
lowed by three years service at Bar- 



nard College New York, where she 
was at the head of Fiske Hall, having 
control over nearly a hundred em- 
ployees, with charge of the buildings, 
care for the home life of the pupils, 
and management of the dining hall 
for non-resident students. Subse- 
quently she was for three years head 
worker of the Richmond Hill Settle- 
ment house in New York, and was 
a leading member of the first New 
York Child Labor Committee, which 
drafted and secured the enactment of 
several child labor laws, and a com- 
pulsory education bill. Later, she 
took a civil service examination for 
the position of truant officer with a 
view to testing the efficacy and real 
value of the law, from a social and 
civic standpoint. 

In 1901 she became the wife of 
Richard Y., FitzGerald a lawyer 
and author, of Boston, Mass., who 
sympathizes heartily with her views 
and purposes, and her earnest efforts 
in the line of social, educational and 
political progress; but it was not until 
1907 that she made her permanent 
home in Boston. Meanwhile, among 
other experiences, broadening her 
acquaintance with life in its various 
phases, she spent two years on a 
Western ranch, familiarizing herself 
with every kind of labor incident to 
such life. 

Since her residence in Boston,, 
Mrs. FitzGerald has been active in 
various lines of effort for social and 
civic betterment. She was for three 



president of the Isthmian Canal Commission, having charge of the preparatory work for the 
great Panama Canal enterprise. Admiral Walker received the honorary degree of LL.D. 
from the University of Pennsylvania in 1903. He died at York Beach, Me., September 15, 1907. 

*Hon. James Wilsqn Grimes was born in Deering, N. EL, October 2, 1816, graduated from 
Dartmouth College in 1836, studied law and located in practice in the "Black Hawk Purchase," 
afterward Burlington, Iowa, in 1837, where he had his home through life. He was a delegate 
in the territorial assembly in 1838 and again in 1843, a representative in the state legislature 
in 1852, Governor of Iowa from 1854 to 1858, and a Senator in the Congress of the United 
States from 1859 to 1869 when he resigned. He was a delegate in the Philadelphia Peace 
Convention of 1861. He was an active member of the Senate Committee on Naval Affairs, an 
early advocate of the construction of iron-clads, and of earth works for coast defense. He 
was a Republican in politics, but was never controlled by the party lash, acting always in 
accordance with his own convictions of right and duty. He opposed the increase of the 
regular army ; also opposed a protective tariff, and voted against the impeachment of President 
Johnson. He was a warm friend of education and a liberal benefactor of Iowa College. He 
received the honorary degree of LL.D. from both Dartmouth and Iowa Colleges in 1865. 
He died February 12, 1872. 



A Granddaughter of New Hampshire \ ', 

years secretary of the Boston Equal Lee and Mr. Brock, the same people 

Suffrage League for Good Govern- who praised them before threaten them 

ment. She is a leading member and with penalties, and declare thai the 

Secretary of the Massachusetts Wo- teachers must be driven out of politics. 

man Suffrage Association and was, "Mrs. FitzGerald ought to gel a 

last year, secretary of the Boston large vote in the interest of political 

School Voters League, whose organi- independence. The main argument 

zation was largely due to her efforts, used against her is that she can not he 

Mrs. FitzGerald became a candi- elected. If everybody who would 

date for election as a member of the like to see her on the school board 

Boston school committee, not only votes for her, she will be elected. 

because of her deep interest in the Under the new charter, it is hoped 

cause of education and the welfare that less weight will be given to party 

of the public schools, but also because labels and more to individual merit 

she believed there was urgent neces- in school committee candidates. Even 

sity for a woman's presence on the under the old regime, Mrs. Emily 

board and participation in its work. A. Fifield (who served twenty years 

Miss Alice Stone Blackwell, editor on the Boston School Board, and was 

of the Woman's Journal, in advocating one of its most respected members) 

her election in a signed editorial pub- got a bigger vote on one occasion, 

lished during the campaign, said: though she had the nomination of 

"Mrs. Susan W. FitzGerald ought only one of the great parties, than 

to get a large vote because she is this another candidate who had the joint 

year the only woman candidate for nomination of both, 

the Boston School Board. Half of "Mrs. FitzGerald ought to get a 

the school children are girls, and large vote as a protest against the 

nearly all the teachers are women. A present regime. There is no need to 

board which has to do mainly with call in question the good intentions 

women and children clearly ought to of the school board. But the situa- 

have at least one woman upon it. tion in Boston today shows what a 

"She ought to get a large vote on serious botch a small group of well- 

her merits because she is exception- meaning men can make by ignoring 

ally well qualified to do good service entirely the women's viewpoint, in 

on the board. a matter which especially concerns 

"She ought to get a large vote be- women, and about which the women 

cause she is the choice of the teachers, know more than the}' do." 

The teachers know more about the Although defeated for election, 

schools than any other set of persons Mrs. FitzGerald has no regrets for 

in the community, and are better her part in the campaign. She was 

qualified to judge who will make a contending for principle and not for 

useful member of the school board, self interest, except as her own chil- 

They are experts. dren are affected by the condition in 

"She ought to get a large vote as a the public schools in which they are 

protest against the methods which being educated. She feels, moreover, 

are being used to defeat her. One that the work done will bear fruit 

of these methods has been the in time to come and that another 

attempted intimidation of teachers, election will result in the choice of 

When teachers worked for the re- at least one woman upon the Boston 

election of a member of the present School Board. 

school board (Mr. David A. Ellis) Naturally Mrs. FitzGerald takes a 

they were not only permitted to do so deep interest in the campaign now 

but were praised for it. Now, when under way in New Hampshire for the 

they exercise their right as citizens submission and adoption of a consti- 

to work against the re-election of Mr. tutional amendment conferring full 



16 



The Granite Monthly 



suffrage rights upon the women of 
the state, because of the general 
interest she has taken in the equal 
suffrage cause for many years, and her 
strong love for the old state in which 
her father was born, in which many 
of her kindred have their home, and 
in which her summer days were passed 
for many years, at Portsmouth, at 



Rye Beach, at Dublin and, notably, 
at Wilton, which was her father's 
summer home for the last fourteen 
years of his life. 

Mr. and Mrs. Fitz Gerald have three 
daughters — Anne, Rebecca and Susan, 
nine, six and three years of age respec- 
tively, the two eldest being public 
school pupils. 



A LIFE STORY 



By L. Adelaide Sherman 

I will sing of spring, and the flowers and trees, 

I will catch the tune that the wood-thrush sings, 
And the melody of the brook and the breeze— 
(And the world will listen to me, I said) 
I will sing of wonderful, beautiful things. 

I will sing of the promise of days to come, 

Of honor and fame, with their hopes and fears, 

Of wisdom's heights where my feet shall roam — - 

(And some will listen, I know, I said) 
I will sing of the glory of future years. 

I will sing of love, for this sweetest theme 
Fills all my heart with its rapture blest. 
In the June-sweet bowers where I wait and dream 
(And you will listen, dear heart, I said) 
I will sing for him whom I love the best. 

I will sing the song of an aching heart — 
I will tune my harp to a minor strain. 

I will sing as I watch my joys depart 

(But who will listen to this? I said) 
Of a broken faith and a cureless pain. 

I will sing of the peace that comes at last 

When the gates of heaven soft swing ajar, 
A^d a saving ray to the earth is cast — 
i God will listen and hear,-I said) 
. will sing of the path that leads to the star. 



Warner, N. H. 



HISTORIC INNS 



By Eva F. T. Staniels 

[Read before Rumford Chapter, D. A. R., of Concord, N. H.] 



The most modern hotels of the 
present day cannot compare rela- 
tively in importance with the ordi- 
naries, or inns, opened in the early 
settlement of our country by order of 
the General Court and under the di- 
rect jurisdiction of the minister and 
the tithing man. 

These worthies were given author- 
ity to enforce the laws which pro- 
hibited the inordinate sale of liquors. 

As the inns were often required by 
law to be situated next the meeting 
house, many a pleasant nooning did 
our ancestors spend before the hos- 
pitable fire. 

The landlords were men of dis- 
tinction, being often the local mag- 
istrates, and the tavern in Ipswich 
was presided over, in 1771, by the 
grand-daughter of Governor Endi- 
cott, thus showing that some of the 
best families in New England were 
represented in this business, also 
showing that women were appointed 
innkeepers, so well did they perform 
their duties. 

These houses were primitive af- 
fairs, often having but two rooms and a 
lean-to, and frequently travellers had 
difficulty in securing beds. 

One's dinner cost sixpence by order 
of the General Court, regardless of 
quantity or quality, the landlord and 
his wife often acting as host and host- 
ess at the table. 

Several of these taverns bore unique 
signs, one in Medford representing 
two old men shaking hands and bow- 
ing. This gave to the place the name 
of Palaver's Tavern, which proved 
so offensive to the inn-keeper that he 
substituted another and more appro- 
priate design, in the form of a foun- 
tain pouring punch into a large bowl. 
This Fountain Tavern had sub- 
stantial platforms in two large shade 



trees connected with each other and 
the house by bridges. In these tree 
rests, the traveller might sit, cool and 
remote among the branches, drinking 
tea or a substitute and watching 
horsemen and pedestrians come ami 
go. 

One ancient inn, in Byfield, Mass., 
was kept by "Old J. P." as he was fa- 
miliarly called from the fact that 
these initials were stamped on the 
barrels of rum with which his cellar 
was filled. 

This tavern of Jeremiah Pearson 
was a lively centre on Muster days, 
and many a yarn was spun across the 
board in the Independence Hall, so 
christened at the dinner given the 
returned troops after the Revolu- 
tionary War. 

Copied from one of the favorite 
signs of England, "The Bunch of 
Grapes " formerly hung from a tav- 
ern of that name in State Street, Bos- 
ton. It was made of baked clay, 
brought from England, and a portion 
of this sign can be seen in the Essex 
Institute, Salem, while two bunches 
of the grapes are stored in a steel 
vault in the Masonic Temple, Boston, 
for the Masons take every precaution 
to preserve this old relic of the- inn, 
in which all the meetings of the old- 
est benevolent association in New 
England were held in 1707 and 1768. 
Here also the first president of the 
United States stayed. The tavern 
of "Bunch of Grapes.."' was moved to 
Congress Street, ai i General 

Stark came after his cy at Ben- 

nington. 

A sign verse which hung in front of 
Mother Red Cap Inn, Hoi way, 
England, and which was reproduced 
on ancient signs in America, savors 
strongly of our dear old Mother 
Goose. 



18 The Granite Monthly 

Old Mother Red Cap, according picturesque taverns in all Essex 

to her tale, lived twenty and one County is Ferncroft Inn, Danvers; 

hundred years, by drinking this good the views from the piazza are unsur- 

ale. "It was her meat, it was her passed in beauty and grandeur, 

drink, and medicine beside, and if It would puzzle the heads of our 

she still had drunk this ale, she never modern architects, should they at- 

would have died." tempt to duplicate the architectual 

Although a few of the original New designs • of this ancient structure, 

England taverns still exist, many of erected in 1692, with low ceilings and 

those now standing are more recent heavy oak cross beams, that make 

ones, built on the same site, and the six-footer duck his head, while 

bearing the same name. the broad fire-places easily accom- 

The house at Stockbridge, Mass., modate seven foot logs. Ancient 
first built in 1773 on the stage route china, books and prints are here in 
between Boston and Albany, was a profusion, with two arm chairs, once 
large and popular hotel when burnt the property of Robert Burns. The 
in 1896. In the public room of the paper on the office walls is Shakes- 
present tavern, rebuilt on the old site perian; old English landscapes are in 
is a collection of old-fashioned furni- the hall, while hunting scenes and 
ture, crockery, and bric-a-brac, con- sports of "Merrie England " delight 
sidered by collectors of the antique the eye in the dining room. The 
the best in the country. front of the inn is an exact reproduc- 

The Wayside Inn at Sudbury, tion of the home of Anne Hathaway. 

Mass., made famous by Longfellow's The Boynton Tavern, in old 

"Tales of the Wayside Inn," was the Newbury, was presided over by a 

assembly place of the soldiers after very eccentric man. One of his sons, 

the battle of Lexington. who was born while the tavern was 

Wright's Tavern of Concord, Mass., being torn down, was named Tearing; 

calls to mind a thrilling scene when the second son, coming when an addi- 

Major Pitcairn, the British com- tion to the inn was under way, was 

mander, stirring a glass of brandy named Adding. 

with his bloody finger, the morning Mr. Boynton was the inventor of 

before the battle of Concord, boasted the first silk reel, and groups of mul- 

that he would thus stir the blood of berry trees were set out, furnishing 

his enemy before night. proper food for the worms, and some 

Salem was the possessor of several of these trees are in a flourishing con- 
inns — The Ship's Tavern, the Sa- dition on a farm in Byfield. 
lem Coffee House and Thomas The "West Parish" of Boxford 
Beadles' Tavern, where the prelimi- boasted for many years an old tav- 
nary examinations in witchcraft were ern that was erected in 1776. where 
held. the militia met to be reviewed. The 

The first temperance inn was fine country inn, now located in "East 

opened in Marlboro, N. H., when Parish " was refitted from an old tav- 

liquor was of prime importance in all ern by Deacon Parker Spofford. Here 

taverns. This innovation was looked the first post-office was kept, mails 

upon with disfavor by drivers of being brought by the stage-coach, 

stage-coaches and loud were their The mails were taken to the church 

lamentations; being assured, how- and distributed by Mr. Spofford to 

ever, that coffee and tea would be people living at a distance. Even in 

served them, the tavern became one those days the good deacons used 

of the most popular in New England, drawing cards for church services, 

and thus our first coffee house was it seems, 

started. In the town of Danvers stands the 

One of the quaintest and most old Berry Tavern, built in 1741. 



Historic Inns 19 

This public house has been main- who maintained there a printing of- 
tained continuously from that time, fice. In 1817 it went into the owner- 
being at the present day a thoroughly ship of Joseph Low. 
equipped hotel. The Stickney Tavern, which bore 

Our own City of Concord can boast on its sign a picture of a bold Indian 

its share of historic taverns. Its first chief, was on Main street, just north 

public house was a development of of its junction with Court. Broad 

James Osgood's garrison, on the east gardens and orchards surrounded it, 

side of North Main street, just south enclosing ground now covered by 

of the junction with Depot street. Court street, as well as a part of 

This refuge from danger became City Hall square. Its site came near 

gradually a house for entertainment, being chosen in 1816 as the place for 

and thither were borne the slain in the state house. The tavern was a 

the fight with the Indians, on the plain, spacious New England man- 

Hopkinton road, August 11, 1746 — sion and William Stickney opened its 

an indication that its shelter was then doors to travellers, January, 1791. 

a place of common rendezvous. Both lines of Boston stages drew 

Asa McFarland, in an article en- rein at Stickney's, and its crescent- 
titled "Memorials of Olden Time, shaped driveway turned off Main 
printed in the Statesman of February street, as far away as Pitman street, 
14, 1845, says he was told by an old and returned almost as far north as 
citizen that the Prince de Tallyrand Chapel. In March, 1798, there was a 
was in Concord, a lodger at the Os- ball at Stickney hall to celebrate the 
good tavern, during his exile from ordination of a pastor for the old 
France, 1793-1795. North Church. The hours of danc- 

There was a tavern long ago at the ing parties at Stickney's were seemly, 

corner of North Main and Church for the newspapers of 1808 make 

streets, kept by Benjamin Hanna- mention of such assemblies to begin 

ford, who dwelt there as early as at 5 p. m. 

1777. Gale's Tavern obtained mention as 

The earliest south end tavern was early as 1797, and as late as 1832. It 
that of Samuel Butters, a portion of was at the north corner of North 
which remains, numbered 131 South Main and Warren streets, and was 
Main street; it is mentioned as being kept by Benjamin Gale, 
a tavern as early as 1780. In its late The house numbered 250 North 
years it was called the Concord Main street, was a portion of the 
Railroad House. It was there that Washington Hotel in the early part 
the red coated company of troopers of the nineteenth century. President 
in the Eleventh regiment disbanded, Monroe was entertained there in 1817. 
and in one of its rooms, February 3, The teamsters who frequented this 
1795, a meeting was held for the or- tavern half a century ago were ac- 
ganization of the corporation which customed to pay fifty cents for sup- 
built the lower or Pembroke bridge. per, lodging and breakfast. This in- 

There was in the last century a eluded a cigar and a glass of rum. 
Kinsman House, kept by one Aaron John P. Gass, a young man of 
Kinsman, who served as captain in a twenty-seven, was the landlord of the 
New Hampshire regiment at Bunker Columbian Hotel. It had abundant 
Hill and owned an eight-acre estate, room, and in 1830 stages to Boston, 
with a good frontage on North Main Portsmouth and Haverhill departed 
street, opposite School. On this site from its doors. This hotel was de- 
he kept a hotel before 1790, when he stroyed by fire in 1869. 
married a Hanover widow and moved Another Concord hotel, around 
to the college town. The property which pleasant memories cluster, was 
was sold to George Hough, in 1791, the Phenix, built by Abel Hutchins 



20 



The Granite Monthly 



on the site of his burned dwelling and 
opened in 1819. This house was de- 
stroyed by fire in 1856, and the ex- 
isting hotel, which has been run in 
connection with the Eagle, since 1890, 
was built upon its site. 

The original Eagle Coffee House 
was built in 1827, on the site where 
the Eagle Hotel now stands. In 
Grecian hall, connected with this 
property, the notable Jackson ball 
was held in 1828; also the first pub- 
lic dramatic entertainment ever given 
in Concord. There were noted names 
on the books of the Eagle — Andrew 
Jackson, who neglected the dainties 
and ate bread and milk; Benjamin 
Harrison, Levi P. Morton, Jefferson 
Davis and others. 

The rates at the Eagle may be 
taken as specimen charges of the bet- 
ter hotels. From 1840 to 1850 they 
were one dollar a day; tourists to 
the mountains paid one dollar and 
fifty cents, and if a guest looked like 
a real millionaire two dollars was 
timidly suggested. 

For more than thirty years the 
American House was a grateful abid- 
ing place to many travellers. It 
stood on the north corner of North 
Main and Park streets, and the 
names of many noted men could be 
found on its registers. 

The Elm House stood for nearly 
half a century on the corner of Main 
and Pleasant streets. 

Many others could be mentioned 
of more or less celebrity, but time 
will not permit. 

Could we, for a short time, bring 
before us pictures of the young farm- 
ers on their way to Boston, from all 



parts of New England, on their jump- 
ers, or long sleds, where they heaped 
the corn, grain, bundles of yarn, 
homespun cloth, etc., which were to 
be exchanged for other merchandise; 
of the severe storms they encount- 
ered, making them willing prisoners 
for a while at these hospitable houses; 
of the buxom lasses met and oft- 
times made the partners of their joys; 
of the merry making in the long win- 
ter evenings, would not all this com- 
pare favorably with the present mode 
of enjoyment of our young people; 
and does it not make us wish for a 
glimpse of some old time inn? For 

No longer the host hobbles down 
from his rest 

In the porch's cool shadows to wel- 
come his guest 

With a smile of delight, and a -grasp 
of the hand, 

And a glance of the eye that no heart 
could withstand. 

When the long rains of autumn set in 
from the West, 

The mirth of the landlord was broad- 
est and best; 

And the stranger who paused over 
night never knew 

If the clock on the mantel struck ten, 
or struck two. 

Oh! the songs they would sing and 

the tales they would spin, 
As they lounged in the light of the old 

fashioned inn; 
But the day came at last when the 

stage brought no load 
To the gate, as it rolled up the long, 

dusty road. 



TALES OF ANCIENT DOVER 

I 

A Woman in the Stocks 

By P. L. F. 

In early days the Indian dwelt by Pascataqua's side 

Where Wecohamet planting ground his simple wants supplied, 

Hard by the Devon fisher's spoil, won from a treacherous main, 

In long flakes drying in the sun, told of the season's gain. 

The great pine felt the woodman's blows : rang the loud crash afar 

While down the foaming rapids ran, strong boom and tapering spar. 

Tribute of forest, stream and sea, in those far distant days, 

Claimed thus the men of Dovertown, strong, steadfast in their ways. 

Their earliest care to build a church on Dover's highest ground, 

'Twas there good Parson Maud held forth to sinners all around, 

'Twas there that Richard Pinkham's drum — in measured time he smote- 

Loud booming on the Sabbath air, sped forth a martial note. 

Full twenty years of Arcady — old Dover's golden age — 

Since "Combination," "Protest" too were spread on history's page. 

Few troubles fretted life's smooth stream by Pascataqua's tide 

When Puritan and Churchman in peace dwelt side by side. 

But Massachusetts' stringent laws now swayed old Dover town, 

Absence from Sabbath meeting brought stern persecution down. 

With fine and beating, jail and stocks, the Quakers too were tried 

Yet thrived they on affliction with the inner light their guide. 

A tale that bears repeating, though oft before been told 

Is that of Jellian Pinkham and the grim stocks of old. 

'Twas thirteen Sabbaths since to church she trod the village path 

When stern old Parson Reyner rose up in righteous wrath 

Far down the dusty highway on duty bent he strode, 

Surcharged with pent emotion his austere countenance glowed. 

"Now hark ye Jellian Pinkham! you scandalize the town, 

The elders and the magistrates upon your action frown. 

I've endeavored to persuade you, counselled and implored, 

But I find your heart is hardened to the preaching of the word. 

Now come you forth on Lord's day to your accustomed place 

Or the magistrates in session will consider well your case." 

"Now list to me John Reyner! thee feeds thy people chaff, 

God's golden grain of truth ye lack, but worship still the calf. 

The magistrates may fine me, or worse if so they choose, 

With Waldron's heartless constables to carry out their views. 

Remember Alice Ambrose and Mary Tompkins too, 

And loving Anna Coleman in all things kind and true, 

They were fastened at the cart's tail, their bare backs beaten sore, 

The powers of evil, Reyner! can scarce to me do more." 

Before bigoted magistrates who enforced fanatic laws, 

In trembling and in weakness, she pleads a prejudged cause. 

That bigotry has had its way the sequel well discloses, 

"Five shillings for each Sabbath day," the fine the law imposes, 

If still she proves so obstinate as to refuse this fine 

The law provides a pair of stocks exposed to rain and shine. 



22 The Granite Monthly 

So good dame Jellian Pinkham — so doth the record run — 
Sat in the village stocks that day beneath the summer sun. 
Fast by, a giant red oak towered and within its grateful shade 
There stood the stoic Indian by his shoulder nude betrayed, 
There were sailors, traders, woodmen in that rude and motley crew 
Assembled near the blackened stocks her punishment to view. 
The thoughtless pressed around her, with many a taunt and jeer, 
But some stood by in sympathy and- murmured words of cheer. 
The spectacle, lamentable, outraged religion mocks 
And nevermore did Dover see a woman in the stocks. 
The court that sat in Dover upon that summer day, 
Its magistrates and culprits too have gone their destined way. 
The stocks, the meeting house, the fort with "flank arts" tall 
Have answered in entirety to time's insistent call. 
The brooding fields of Dover now calm deserted lie, 
Across the neck the nightbreeze wafts the seabird's plaintive cry; 
While the stars that shone o'er Dovertown still faithful vigil keep, 
As, through the long and fateful years, both saint and sinner sleep. 
But who the saint? The sinner who? Ah who can tell 
Save He who through the storm and strife hath guided well. 



THE GRANITE HILLS 

By H. B. Merriam 

Rising beyond the busy mart, 
Clothed in their robes of blue, 

Of the fair heavens the} r seem a part, 
Till nearer brought to view. 

The air grows dense, with fog that chills 

And darkens in its fall; 
It hides the beauty of the hills 

And drapes them like a pall. 

A glorious sunset gilds the west, 

Its brilliant clouds it fills 
With roseate, gold and amethyst, 

Reflecting on the hills ; 

Till from each lifted crest there slips 

A light we fain would keep, 
As lovingly, with rosy lips, 

They kiss the hills to sleep. 



THE TRAINED NURSE 

Bij Evelyn Waite 



There is. so much to say upon the 
subject of the "Trained Nurse" one 
hardly knows where to begin. She is 
trained in so many more things than 
just the care of the sick. The trained 
nurse is an embodiment of tact, di- 
plomacy, serenity of nerves, amiable 
disposition, and strong character. 
When a trained nurse goes into a 
home to care for some one's loved 
one, immediately the family shifts all 
responsibility upon her shoulders. 
Florence Nightingale has done more 
for the general public than any other 
woman, simply by establishing a 
school in St. Thomas Hospital in 
London, for nurses, whereby women 
could be trained properly to care for 
this vast ailing humanity. 

It will be recalled, after Miss Night- 
ingale returned from the Crimea, that 
England, being so grateful for the 
amount of good she had accomplished 
presented her with a large sum of 
money. This money she refused to 
accept for herself, but established a 
training school for nurses, in connec- 
tion with the St. Thomas Hospital. 
The fund was known as the "Night- 
ingale Fund." Fifteen probationers 
were to be admitted into the Hospital, 
and their board, lodging and cost of 
tuition and supervision were to be 
charged to this fund. This first class 
of fifteen were entered in 1860 for 
one year's training. 

The trained nurse has such a wide 
field! Take for instance the surgical 
nurse — imagine her active brain in 
entering an operating room. The life 
of the patient on the operating table 
depends largely of course upon the 
doctor's skill and alertness with the 
knife. The nurse must follow every 
movement of his hand, and be ready 
to place into his fingers the proper in- 
strument at the precise moment he is 
ready to use it; the correct needles 
used to draw the incision together at 



the moment he puts down his last 
instrument, and she must be ready to 
read his every thought as to his next 
move. 

The public school nurse! There 
are very few branches of nursing 
which are so vastly interesting as that 
of the public school nurse, and with 
such a wide scope of usefulness — 
dealing entirely with children, and 
regulating their ideas, and conform- 
ing their habits for young womanhood 
and manhood. The ailments of the 
public school children, of course, are 
necessarily limited in treatment, as 
the only cases that they would prac- 
tically handle would be the eye, ear, 
throat and nose. 

The district nurse has, without 
doubt, the hardest life of any of her 
colleagues in the work. She works 
among the poorer class, who are, by 
the way, extremely sensitive and 
proud, as a rule. She goes into their 
homes daily. There are perhaps ten 
or twelve in the family, living in one 
room. There is the old grandmother, 
who longs for her sunny Italy. Poor, 
tired, patient mother, and hard work- 
ing father, and, strange as it may 
seem, they have as much heart and 
as much thought for their family of 
little ones as the American parent, 
hard as it seems to make people 
understand this! Then there are six 
or seven children, with a step between, 
and the sick, feverish body, and nec- 
essary boarders. 

As the "Trained Nurse" goes into 
one of these homes, the doctor tells 
her on their way there that he de- 
pends upon her to educate the fam- 
ily into a sanitary way of living. We 
will enter a house in the slum district, 
climb a circular pair of steep stairs, 
enter a room in which we find a pa- 
tient who has had measles and pleu- 
risy, with effusion, which became pu- 
rulent. She is running an even tern- 



24 The Granite Monthly 

perature of 105°, and sweating pro- period; while one-third of the blind- 
fusely. Every window and door ness in the nation is due to the igno- 
closed tight, and a temperature of 80° ranee and carelessness of those who 
with perhaps an air tight stove in care for the infant at the time of 
the room. The floor has not been birth and the first few weeks after- 
swept and the room has every ap- wards. It is an humiliating fact that 
pearance of filth. The patient has while the death rate from puerperal 
on a heavy flannel night dress, dirty infectious disorders has lessened un- 
woolen shirt, flannel petticoat, and til puerperal fever has been almost 
stockings; has had no bath for weeks; vanished from the hospitals, yet the 
lying on a feather bed, and bed piled death rate in private obstetrical 
high with blankets and "comforters." practice, the country over, is as great 
She will not have a nurse or doctor, as it was three decades ago. 
However, the nurse, in her tactful The trained nurse has a life of any- 
way, has opened the windows, swept thing but perpetual sunshine. "The 
the floor, bathed the patient, changed District Nurse," "The Public School 
the bed, and combed the patient's Nurse," "The Surgical Nurse," "The 
hair, yet hardly disturbing her, mak- Tuberculosis Nurse," are all doing 
ing her much more comfortable; dis- a noble work. I have yet to speak 
carded the feather bed, and, in very of the "Department Store Nurse," 
short order, the temperature is re- which I will touch very briefly. This 
duced, and the patient very comfort- is a comparatively new feature of the 
able. The trained nurse, in her mat- work and life of the trained riUrse. 
ter of fact way, has shown the whole In Boston some of the larger firms 
family how easy it was to give a have established in their stores, a 
blanket bath, take temperature and nurse, a doctor, and a Hospital De- 
pulse, give castor oil in a sandwich, partment. The doctor makes a visit 
so it is not nauseating; to sweep of an hour three days in the week, for 
without dust, by putting a damp examinations and consultations of the 
cloth on the broom, and that people employees. The nurses are gradu- 
must undress when they go to bed. ates of the Massachusetts General 
Education is very necessary along and city hospitals. Those coming to 
the lines of ventilating the living and the Hospital Department,, or we might 
sleeping rooms, and regarding the diet, say clinical department, are sales- 
There is no limit to the extent of women and men, bundle, cash or 
help an intelligent nurse can be to the check girls and boys, and other 
teeming masses of uneducated and employees of the store. The cases 
educated public, along the lines treated are almost too numerous to 
of diet and fundamental sanitary mention, from minor surgical work to 
principles. stomach, bowels, and nerve cases. 
Perhaps to the obstetrical nurse There are from six to eight cots in 
comes the most satisfaction, two the "sick room," which is composed 
human lives depending upon her of three large, airy, sunshiny, well- 
skill. The mother needs attention ventilated rooms, at the top of the- 
day and night, and the baby demands building if possible. The physician 
care. Doctor De Lee, in his book, is on call at any moment of the day, 
"Obstetrics for Nurses," states that in case of accident to employee or 
seven per cent, of all the deaths of customer, and should they require 
women between twenty and forty further medical treatment, they are 
years, are due to some form of puer- sent to a neighboring hospital, at the 
peral infection, while thousands more expense of the store, in which they 
wives and mothers live lives of semi- are injured. This comparatively new 
invalidism from lack of proper care idea of medical treatment and aid in 
during child-birth, and the lying-in a department store is a most excel- 



The Trained Nurse 



25 



lent thing for the average man and 
woman employed in a large store, 
earning a comparatively small in- 
come a week, as the medical assist- 
ance is entirely free of charge. 

The nurses during the extreme heat 
of the past summer (June, July, and 
August) saw between sixty and eighty 
patients a day, and they average at 
this time of the year, with grippe, 
colds, tonsilitis, pneumonia, etc., 
from thirty to fifty a day. The 
trained nurse comes in contact with 
a great many personalities daily, and 



as many different kinds of religion, 
and it would surprise the average 
person what effect the medicine has 
upon them concerning their religion. 
The idea the true nurse has, is not 
how hard she works, not how many 
"hard luck " stories she hears (and 
each one of the thirty to fifty have 
an individual "hard luck story"), but 
what good she can do; how much 
help she can give those dependent ones 
and how much of her own sunny na- 
ture she can impart to her patients 
to help lighten their burden. 



THRENODY 

By L. J. H. Frost 

The red sun has sunk in the sea; 

The wind is mournfully sighing; 
My heart beats sadly. Ah, me! 

On the hearth the embers are dying. 

There's a withered rose in my hand; 

Long ago it was full of sweetness, 
For it grew in a sunny land, 

And dreamed not of summer's briefness. 

Now it tells of a joy so sweet 

That it banished all thought of sorrow; 
Could the past and the future meet 

The dead rose would bloom on the morrow. 

The wraith of a buried hope 

From its dark, cold bed has risen, 

And my heart in its narrow scope 

Beats its bars as a bird beats its prison. 

Oh, hopes that have long lain dead; 

Why have you risen unbidden? 
My soul is to sorrow wed, 

I need not your awful chrism. 



IRISH WIT AND HUMOR 

By Mary E. Smith 

Irish wit is proverbial. Ireland is practice the precept that "Cleanli- 

sometimes called, /'The Land of ness is next to godliness," as is shown 

Ter-na-nog," which means the "Land by the following anecdote. Granny, 

of the Young." "the thimble-man," was a woman, 

Saint Patrick is said to have who lived near a ditch. She was 

expelled toads and snakes from the once offered a shilling to wash herself. 

"Island of Saints," but he did not "I've heerd ov' washin' a corpse, but 

expel wit and repartee. never ov' washin' a live wan," was 

Hours are long, work hard, and her indignant response, 

wages low. We all know the priva- A doctor was once obliged by ill— 

tion and poverty caused by the landlord health to leave Ireland. When he 

system and England's oppressive laws, returned to his native land after 

In spite of these conditions the Irish are several years absence his hair was 

a merry, warm-hearted people, indulg- threaded with silver. A "bhoy" of 

ing in many a jest to cheer their weary eighty (every man is a "bhoy" until 

way along. he is married) met him and accosted 

They do not talk for effect. Their him thus: "An' your honor never 

wit is not studied. It is not tinctured got married beyant" "Never once, 

with sarcasm, but is permeated by good Henry, I'll give my word," answered 

humor, and provokes mirth, not anger, the doctor. Old Henry lifted his 

An Irishman occasionally uses the arms thankfully. "And hadn't you 
best words possible in explaining a great luck, doctor, dear, that you 
thing. A man named " Martin " had didn't get yourself implicated with 
a precise way of measuring his sylla- a family," was his cordial comment 
bles. A friend described his method as he shook hands with the doctor, 
of speaking thus: "It's a quare sort Irish humor is not entirely con- 
of a way Martin talks. It's as if he fined to the humbler class. A gentle- 
took the words our of his mouth and man was on the witness stand in a 
looked at them before he gives them case being tried in Dublin. The 
to yez." prosecuting attorney asked him, "Did 

To fully enjoy these precious morsels you go to the public house?" "I 
of everyday life one must live among did, sir." "And did you take some- 
the people and be of them. A doctor thing there, sir?" "I did," answered 
who lived in Ireland tells this story. — the witness. "Gentlemen, you hear 
A vicar asked a woman, a great the witness admit that he went to 
grumbler, "How are you, Mrs. this public house and took something" 
Neale?" "Ah! very, very bad. 'Tis (the attorney thinking that the gen- 
degestion, your reverence, like a hive tleman had imbibed a fiery beverage 
of bees a-buzzin' an' a-buzzin' in my there). "And what did you take?" 
buzzum." "Is it always the same?" he asked the witness. "I took a 
asked the vicar. "Nay, not always, chair to sit on" was the reply, which 
your reverence. 'Tis often like a convulsed the court with laughter, 
load of bricks a-poundin' an' a- In Samuel Lovel's novel of Irish 
a-poundin', that's when the bees life, "Handy Andy," is a striking 
ain't a-buzzin'. But (the wrinkled illustration of the Irishman's keen- 
old face brightened), but, the doctor ness and readiness of wit. Father 
— God bless him — is after givin' me Blake, otherwise known as Father 
a description an' if it don't cure me, Phil, was one of the two priests who 
he'll describe me again." celebrated mass in a dilapidated 

Some of the Irish people do not chapel, which leaked badly. Father 



Irish Wit and Humor 27 

Phil wished to raise a subscription to faces, and behind your backs, too, for 
repair the chapel, which was no easy don't I see this minit a strame o' 
matter among an impoverished people, wather, that might turn a mill, run- 
It rained on the Sunday that Father ning down Micky Mackavoy's back, 
Phil wished to obtain the subscrip- between the collar of his coat and 
tion, which was favorable to his plan, shirt." Here a laugh ensued at the 
The people crowded about, the altar, expense of Micky Mackavoy who 
so as not to get wet. Then Father certainly was under a very heavy 
Phil would reprove them in the midst drip from the imperfect roof. "And 
of the mass. These interruptions is it laughing you are, you haythens?" 
occurred in the most serious places, said Father Phil, reproving the merri- 
producing a ludicrous effect. ment, which he himself had purposely 

A big woman was elbowing her way created, that he might reprove it. 

toward the rails of the altar, when "Laughing is it you are, — at your 

Father Phil interrupted his appeal to backslidings and insensibilities to 

Heaven to address her thus: "Agnus, the honor of God; laughing, because 

you'd better jump over the rails of when you come here to be saved you 

the althar, I think. Go along o' that, are lost intirely with the wet. And 

there's plenty of room in the chapel how, I ask you, are my words of 

below there." Then he would pro- comfort to enter your hearts, when 

ceed with the service. While he the rain is pouring down your backs 

prayed the shuffling of feet edging at the same time? Sure, I have no 

out of the rain disturbed him, and he chance of turning your hearts while 

cried, "I hear you there — can't you you are undher rain that might turn 

be quiet and not be disturbin' the a mill; but once put a good roof on 

mass, you haythens?" the house, and I will inundate you 

He addressed the congregation with piety! Maybe it's Father Dom- 

regarding the subscription thus: inick you would like to have coming 

"Here it is and no denying it — down among you, who would grind your 

in black and white, but if they who hearts to powdher with his heavy 

give are down in black, how much words." (Here a low murmur of 

blacker are those who have not given dissent ran through the throng.) 

at all; but I hope they will be ashamed "Ha! Ha! so you wouldn't like it', I 

of themselves, when I howld up those see. Very well, very well, — take care 

to honor who have been contributing then, for if I find you insensible to 

to the uphowlding of the house of God. my moderate reproofs, you hard- 

And isn't it ashamed of yourselves hearted haythens, you malefacthors 

you ought to be, to leave His house and cruel persecuthors, that won't 

in such a condition — and doesn't it put your hands in your pockets, 

rain a'most every Sunday, as if He because your mild and quiet poor fool 

wished to remind you of your duty? of a pasthor has no tongue in his head! 

Aren't you wet to the skin a'most I say your mild, quiet, poor fool of a 

every Sunday? Oh, God is good to pasthor (for I know my own faults, 

you! to put you in mind of your duty, partly, God forgive me) and I can't 

giving you such betther coulds that spake to you as you deserve, you hard- 

you are coughing and sneezin' every living vagabonds, that are as insensi- 

Sunday to that degree that you can't ble to your duties as you are to the 

hear the blessed mass for a comfort weather. I wish it was sugar or 

and a benefit to you; and so you'll salt you were made of, and then the rain 

go on sneezin' until you put a good might melt you, if I couldn't; but 

thatch on the place and prevent the no — them naked rafters grin in your 

appearance of the evidence from face to no purpose; you chate the 

Heaven against you every Sunday, house of God; but take care, maybe 

which is condemning you before your you won't chate the divil so aisy" — 



28 The Granite Monthly 

(here there was a sensation). "Ha! the same women I knew a hundred 
ha, that makes you open your ears, years ago or more whin I was on the 
does it? More shame for you; you turf. They're alive. Look at th' 
ought to despise that dirty enemy way th' women iv th' day smoke 
of men, and depend on something cigareets. 'Tis true I niver see thim, 
betther — but I see I must call you to but I don't have to preach about 
a sense of your situation with the thim. Th' vice iv cigareet-smokin' 
bottomless pit under you, and no is desthroyin' th' nation. In count- 
roof over you. less cities, towns, villages, an' ham- 

"Oh, dear, dear, dear, I'm ashamed lets in this unhappy land, wretched 

of you-troth. 1 If I had time and women ar-re bein' sthrangled an' 

sthraw enough, I'd rather thatch the gettin' the smoke in their eyes fr'm 

place myself than lose any time talk- these turr'ble inimies iv society. I 

ing to you, sure the place is more* like know it f'r th' preachers tells me so. 

a stable than a chapel. Oh, think of They was no cigareet smokin' in my 

that! The house of God to be like a day. Th' varchous women iv me 

stable! for though our Redeemer, in gin'ration, th' faithful wives, th' 

his humility, was born in a stable, affectionate sisters, th' lovin' mothers, 

that is no reason why you are to keep smoked pipes. Those were th' simple 

his house in one." times, an' thrue. I raymimber seein' 

He proceeded to read the list of th' vin'rable mothers iv fam'lies settin' 

subscribers and the amount given by around th' open fire which sildom 

each, awarding due praise to those wud burn an' hittin' up their Tittle 

who had given what they were able, clays while they discussed th' rooma- 

and scolding those who had been tism that was so common in the 

niggardly in their donations. merry days now past. How much 

The required sum was raised and betther it wud be to see thim, instead 

the chapel repaired. iv runnin' home to smoke a little 

These bitter lines as an epitaph on cigareet secretly out th' window, get 

a "bad pay" were written by a on a sthreet car, haul a dhudeen out 

Dublin medical wit of high repute: iv th' shoppin' bag, fill it up with 

kinikinick an' get a light fr'm the 

"Here lies O'Grady, that cantankerous conductor." 

Who'STs 'all must pay. the debt of nature; T1 \ e character of the Irish people 

But, keeping to his general maxium still, has been to some extent misrepre- 

Paid it — like other debts — against his will." sented, as ludicrous, full of brogue 

and blunder. On the contrary, they 

We are all familiar with Peter F. are by no means inferior in any respect 

Dunne's writings. An uneducated to the people of any nation. Per- 

Irishman, Mr. Dooley by name, gives haps their most pronounced traits are 

his opinion on current events and their cordiality and hospitality, which 

customs to his friend, Mr. Hennessey, proceed from a warm heart. 

Underlying the exaggeration, ludi- Many of our brightest, most intel- 

crousness, and seeming ignorance of lectual people trace their descent 

Mr. Dooley's remarks is much tren- back to one of Erin's children, 

chant sense. I quote the following We cannot fail to see what a prom- 

from "Mr. Dooley on Card Playing inent element the Irish have become 

among Women" (this paragraph in the political life of our great cities, 

treats of smoking). "I didn't read and they will be in the future an 

what ye'er good friend said, but I important factor in our national life, 

know what he said just th' same. They are just as patriotic citizens 

He's sure women ar-re not what as we are, for they are Americans too, 

they were. An' no more they ar-re. though a few generations nearer the 

Th' women I see to-day ar-re not Old World than we. 



FAITH FOREVER 

By Stewart Everett Rowe 

Oft' times this world is dark and drear to me 

And life. does not seem hardly worth the while; 
Death's unknown darkness seems to lure, beguile 

And tempt me oft' to solve its mystery. 
But then I feel that, after all, may be 

This world is not so bad, and later on 
Life's daiksome night will lift — life's day will dawn- 

And all my clouds of doubt will fade and flee! 

I can but feel that all is for the best, 

And that the right will surely win at last; 

I can but feel that when I'm laid at rest 
My sorrows and my griefs will all be past; 

And so, within my troubled, aching breast, 

My heart with hope and love for all beats fast! 



THE MOUNTAIN VOICE 

From the German of Heine, by Ellen M. Mason 

A knight rode through the mountain vale, 

At pace so sad but brave: 

'Ah! ride I to my love's embrace? 

Or ride I to the grave? " 

The voice answer gave: 

"To the dark grave! " 

Still onward rode the knight, 

Sore sorrow in his heart; 

"Must I sink in the grave so soon? — 

Ah, well, the grave is rest." 

Echoed the low voice blest; 

"The grave is rest! " 

The horseman dried away his tears, 
That told of pain he could not quell; 
"If in the grave be rest for me. 
The grave will make all well! " 

Echoed in bell-like swell 

"All will be well." 



NEW HAMPSHIRE NECROLOGY 



DR. JAMES A. LEET 

James A. Leet, M. D., a prominent phy- 
sician of Grafton County, long practising 
in Enfield, died at the hospital in Hanover, 
after a long illness, November 11, 1911. 

He was born in Claremont, April 12, 1855, 
the son of George H. and Sarah F. Leet. He 
was the youngest of three sons who were of 
the seventh generation from Gov. William 
Leet of Connecticut. He was educated in 
the public schools, studied medicine three 
years with Dr. O. B. Way of Claremont, 
spent a year at the Taunton, Mass., hospital, 
and graduated from the Dartmouth Medical 
School in 1883. He located in practice first 
in Marlboro, but soon removed to Enfield, 
where he continued. He was eminently 
successful in tyhoid fever treatment, and was 
for many years the physician for the Enfield 
Shakers. 

He was a member of the Methodist Church 
at Enfield and active in its affairs; a Mason 
and an Odd Fellow, being specially prominent 
in the latter order. He married in 1884, Miss 
Jennie Farnum of Claremont, who survives. 
He also leaves one brother, Dr. George E. 
Leet of Concord. 

HON. BENJAMIN M. FERNALD 

Benjamin Marvin Fernald, a native of 
Somersworth, N. H., born February 14, 1847, 
died at his home in Melrose, Mass., October 
30, 1911. 

He was educated at Phillips Exeter Acad- 
emy and Harvard University, graduating 
from the latter in 1870. He studied law with 
Judge Joseph F. Wiggin of Maiden, (formerly 
of Exeter) was admitted to the bar in 1873, 
and immediately formed a partnership with 
his tutor, in Boston practice, which continued 
for many years. He had for some years past 
been an Associate Justice of the Maiden 
district court, and was prominent in the 
affairs of Melrose. 

He was a Republican in politics and served 
on the city and state committees of his party. 
He represented Melrose in the Massachusetts 
legislature in 1881 and 1882 and was a 
member of the State Senate in 1891 and 1892. 
For three years past he had been Associate 
Justice of the Maiden District Court. He 
was a prominent Mason, a member of the 
Middlesex Club and of the Melrose Congre- 
gational church. 

In 1874 Judge Fernald married Miss Grace 
Fuller of Cambridge, who survives him with 
two daughters, Misses Ethel and Margaret 
Fernald of Melrose. 

DR. DAVID P. GOODHUE 

David P. Goodhue, M. D., long a successful 
medical practitioner in the town of Springfield, 
died at his home there, November 5, 1911. 



He was the youngest son of Jacob and 
Mary Goodhue of Dunbarton, born in that 
town January 10, 1838. His family removed, 
in his childhood, to Wilmot, and later to 
Boscawen where he attended the Elmwood 
Institute. At the age of 21 •he commenced 
the study of medicine with Dr. E. H. Webster 
of Boscawen. He attended medical lectures 
at the University of Vermont and Dartmouth 
Medical College, receiving his degree at the 
latter in 1863, and continuing his studies in 
Philadelphia. He served as Acting Assistant 
Surgeon in the U. S. Navy from January, 1864, 
to October, 1865, and in February, 1866, 
bought the practice of Dr. Valentine Manahan 
in Springfield where he remained through 
life, winning universal respect and esteem 
as a skilled and devoted practitioner and a 
worthy and public spirited citizen. Politi- 
cally he was a staunch Democrat. He held 
numerous town and county offices, including 
those of representative, member of the school 
board, town clerk and county auditor. He 
was a member, and had been president of the 
Center District and the New Hampshire 
Medical Societies and of the Sullivan County 
Medical and Surgical Society, and was a 
member of the U. S. Board of examining 
surgeons at Newport. 

On November 14, 1867, he was united in 
marriage with Abbie J. Davis of Springfield. 
Four children were born to them, of whom 
two — David H. and Libbie A. — survive, with 
their mother. 

LORENZO W. DOW 

Lorenzo W. Dow, a native of that part of 
the town of Meredith now Laconia, born 
July 27, 1815, but who had lived in Somer- 
ville, Mass., for the last seventy years, died 
at his home in the Clarendon Hill District 
of that city January 5, 1912. 

Mr. Dow was a farmer, with a large 
holding in the Clarendon Hill region, when he 
built the house in which he died, nearly sixty 
years ago. At that time there were only 
two other houses on the hill, but one store 
in town, and a wide expanse of farm land 
met the eye in every direction. Many years 
ago the building boom had enabled him to 
. dispose of most of his land at large profit, 
but in the midst of the city he continued the 
simple habits of farm life, after long experience 
as the largest market gardener in Middlesex 
County. He was universally known as 
" Honest Ware Dow " and the "Grand Old Man 
of Clarendon Hill." He is survived by two 
sons — Walter A. and Henry Ware Dow. 

THOMAS S. PULSIFER 

Thomas Scott Pulsifer, a leading citizen 
of Campton and one of the most widely known 
agriculturists of Grafton County died at his 
home in that town, November 20, 1911. 



New Hampshire Necrology 



31 



He was a son of Maj. John and Polly 
(Palmer) Pulsifer, born on the farm where 
he resided through life, April 5, 1825. This 
farm had been held in the family since its 
original settlement by Joseph Pulsifer from 
Ipswich, Mass., in 1781. 

Mr. Pulsifer was educated at the district 
school and Plymouth Academy. He was 
eminently successful as a "mixed farmer" 
even raising the wheat for his family flour, 
until within the last few years, but giving 
particular attention to dairying, the excel- 
lence of his products, both butter and cheese, 
being unsurpassed in the state. 

He was an earnest Republican in politics, 
had held all important town offices, represented 
Campton in the legislature in 1865 and 1866, 
and was a justice of the peace for 55 years. 
He was prominent in the Grange, an active 
member of the Congregational church and a 
director of the Pemigewasset National Bank 
at Plymouth. 

He married, January 1, 1852, Hannah P. 
Cook of Campton who died two years since. 
One son, John M. Pulsifer, survives. 

HON. OLIVER TAYLOR 

Hon. Oliver Taylor, ex-mayor of Haverhill, 
Mass., died in that city January 4, 1912. 

He was a native of Atkinson, N. H., born in 
1827, the son of Oliver and Lettice (Page) 
Taylor. He attended Atkinson Academy, 
and engaged for a time in farming, but 
removed to Haverhill and engaged in the 
grocery business in 1852, which he continued 
for many years, but later went into the cloth- 
ing trade with his brother, Levi, who was 
Mayor of Haverhill in 1872 and 1873. 
He was also engaged in the coal and lumber 
business, in carriage manufacturing and 
later in real estate, and was a director in 
banking and other corporations. He was 
a member of the Massachusetts legislature 
in 1876 and 1877, serving on important 
committees, and was elected Mayor of 
Haverhill in 1903 and 1904, as a Republican, 
with which party he was affiliated. 

He married, November 12, 1857, Mary E., 
daughter of Samuel Fellows of Haverhill, who 
survives, with several children. 

JOHN BRADLEY PEASLEE, Ph.D. 

John Bradley Peaslee, born in Plaistow, 
September 3, 1841, died at Cincinnati, Ohio, 
January 4, 1912. 

He was the son of Robert and Harriet 
(Willets) Peaslee, was educated in the public 
schools of his native town and of Haverhill, 
Mass., at Atkinson and Gilmanton academies 
and at Dartmouth College, where he was 
graduated in the class of 1863. 

He went west with his classmate, Judge 
Jonas Hutchinson, of Chicago, on recommen- 
dation of Dr. Nathan Lord, president of 
Dartmouth College, and was elected principal 
of the North grammar school, Columbus, 



Ohio. On October 3, 1864, he resigned his 
position at Columbus, and went to Cincinnal i 
to assume the duties of first assistant in the 
third district school of that city. In 1867 he 
was elected principal of the fifth district 
school; in 1869, of the second intermediate 
grammar school. In 1873, the ninth district 
school was also placed under his charge. In 
1874, he was elected superintendent of the 
Cincinnati public schools and during his 
twelve years' superintendence' inaugurated a 
number of important reforms in the schools. 
He was the originator of the ' ' School Arbor 
day," and inaugurated the celebration of 
"Authors' birthdays." He was clerk of the 
court of Hamilton county, Ohio, for six and 
one-half years; candidate for lieutenant gov- 
ernor on the ticket with Governor Campbell, 
trustee of Cincinnati University, Miami 
University, and life member of the National 
Educational association. He was the author 
of many books, pamphlets and addresses; the 
most popular being "Memory Gems" and 
"Thoughts and Experiences in and out of 
School." 

JOHN G. W. COFRAN 

John G. W. Cofran, Vice President of the 
Hartford Fire Insurance Company, died at 
Hartford, Conn., January 15, 1912. 

He was born in Goshen, N. H., June 13, 
1855, but spent his youth in the town of 
Newport, where he lived with his mother 
and obtained his early education. At the 
age of nineteen he found employment in the 
office of the Commercial Insurance Company 
at San Francisco, Cal. In 1881 he became a 
special agent of the Hartford Fire Insurance 
Company. He was made associate manager 
of the Pacific Coast department for that 
company in 1886, and nine years later, be- 
came assistant general agent of the western 
department, with headquarters in Chicago. 
In 1896 he became a general agent and in 
December, 1909, was made vice president of 
the company. He leaves a wife and one 
sister, the latter living in Minneapolis. 

SAMUEL S. RAND 

Samuel Streeter Rand, a native of Ports- 
mouth, but a long time resident and promi- 
nent business man of Claremont, died at the 
residence of his son, Fred D. Rand, in Ros- 
lindale, Mass., January 15, 1912. 

He was born June 1, 1819, and after he had 
passed his school life, removed to Claremont, 
where he was actively engaged for a long time 
in the stove and tinware business. He was a 
public-spirited citizen, and particularly active 
in the affairs of the Universalis! Church 
in Claremont, as well as in the Masonic 
order, being a prominent member of Sulli- 
van Commandery, K. T. Politically he was 
a staunch Democrat. He retired from busi- 
ness some years ago and made his home with 
his son in Roslindale. Another son, Oscar B. 
Rand of Claremont, also survives him. 



EDITOR AND PUBLISHER'S NOTES 



That the "political pot" will soon begin to 
boil, in New Hampshire, regardless of the 
situation in the country at large as regards 
the next presidency, is manifest from the 
fact that during the present month two men 
have formally announced themselves as 
candidates for election to the United States 
Senate, to succeed Hon. Henry E. Burnham 
of Manchester, who has announced his pur- 
pose to retire from the office at the close of 
his second full term, on the 4th of March, 
1913. These are Henry F. Hollis of Concord, 
Democrat, and Rosecrans W. Pillsbury of 
Londonderry, Republican. Mr. Hollis has 
been his party's candidate for Congressman 
and Governor and has effectively championed 
its cause on the stump in several campaigns. 
Mr. Pillsbury has been prominent in the 
legislature during several sessions, has been 
an active aspirant for the gubernatorial 
nomination and is the controlling proprietor 
of the Manchester Union, the only morning 
daily in the state. That there will be other 
candidates in the field before the lists are 
closed is not to be doubted. It is already 
generally understood, indeed, and has been 
for some time past, that Ex-Governor Henry 
B. Quinby of Laconia, will be a candidate in 
case the Republicans control the legislature, 
and strong newspaper support is already 
assured him. Governor Bass has also fre- 
quently been spoken of in the same connec- 
tion, but the general expectation now seems 
to be that he will conclude to run for the 
Governorship for another term and if success- 
ful, seek to step from the executive chair into 
the seat now occupied by Senator Gallinger 
in 1915. Winston Churchill is also men- 
tioned as a possible Republican candidate. 
Nor is it likely that Mr. Hollis will have the 
field entirely to himself, in case the November 
election shall result in a Democratic majority 
in the legislature — a situation by no means 
impossible. Clarence E. Carr of Andover, 
the gubernatorial candidate of his party in 
the last two campaigns, is regarded by many 
as a probable candidate in such contingency; 
while Oliver E. Branch of Manchester, and 
one or more of the present Democratic judges, 
are by no means out of the question. 



As the time for the election of delegates to 
the forthcoming Constitutional Convention 
approaches attention is being given, to some 
extent, to the importance of judicious selec- 
tion in that regard. The press is, very 



generally, reminding the people that men 
should be chosen for this important service 
who can be depended upon to sink all other 
considerations in the welfare of the State. 
There is a general desire expressed that 
partisanship be everywhere disregarded and 
the best available men selected — men of 
character and ability — who can be depended 
upon to serve the state as their own honest 
judgment shall dictate. If in a Republican 
town or ward the best man is a Democrat, 
his political affiliations should not rule him 
out, and vice versa. A good example along 
this line was furnished ten years ago when 
William E. Chandler was the delegate chosen 
in Ward 8, Concord — -one of the strongest 
Democratic wards in the State. 



The active campaign for the proposed 
equal suffrage amendment to the Constitu- 
tion, under the auspices of the N. H. Woman 
Suffrage Association, was formally opened in 
Nashua, Wednesday evening, January 24, 
at a well attended meeting over which Gen. 
Elbert Wheeler presided, and, following a 
short address by Miss Mary N. Chase of 
Andover, president of the State Association, 
Rev. Ida C. Hultin of Sudbury, Mass., pre- 
sented one of the ablest and most convincing 
arguments in favor of woman's enfranchise- 
ment ever heard in the State. Miss Chase 
has been engaged for some days past in for- 
warding the work in the lower part of the 
State, and will speak in Bedford, February 1. 



At the annual meeting of the New Hamp- 
shire Board of Trade, held in Concord, Jan- 
uary 18, Capt. Olin H. Chase of Newport, 
president . of the Newport Board of Trade, 
was chosen president in place of Ex-Gov. 
N. J. Bachelder who has served for a number 
of years past and positively refused to hold 
the office longer. Captain Chase is an 
enthusiastic board of trade worker, and will 
efficiently further the work of the organiza- 
tion. One new local board was admitted 
to membership — that recently organized in 
the town of Hillsborough. 



Upon receipt of this first number of the 
Granite Monthly for 1912, subscribers 
should be reminded to examine their address 
labels and see if the date thereon appears 
satisfactory to all concerned: 





HON. FRANKLIN WORCESTER 



The Granite Monthly 



Vol. XLIV, No. 2 



FEBRUARY, 1912 New Series, Vol. 7, No. 2 



LEADERS OF NEW HAMPSHIRE 

VIII 

Hon. Franklin Worcester 
By H. C. Pearson 



At the formal, written request of 
a large number of his neighbors and 
friends, men who know him intimately 
and hold him in high esteem, sec- 
onded by many active and influential 
members of the party in all sections 
of the state, Hon. Franklin Wor- 
cester of Hollis has announced himself 
as a candidate for the Republican 
nomination for governor of New 
Hampshire. At this writing no op- 
ponent has appeared in the field, and 
it is the belief of Mr. Worcester's 
friends and supporters that he so 
unites in himself the best qualities 
of both the "old" and the "new" 
Republicanism that practically the 
entire party may see in him an ideal 
standard-bearer at this juncture of 
political history. 

Entitled on many accounts to a 
place in any circle, however narrow, 
of "Leaders of New Hampshire," 
it is especially fitting thai a brief 
sketch of Mr. Worcester's life should 
appear in this series at this time when 
the eyes of the people of the state are 
fastened upon him, upon his personal 
qualities and upon his public record. 
And, certainly, the more clearly these 
may be made to appear in public 
print, the more laudable and worthy 
Mr. Worcester's present ambition 
will be seen to be. 

To trace aright from the beginning 
the career of any public man it is 
necessary, first, to consider the ele- 
ments of heredity and environment; 



and in the cate of Mr. Worcester 
these lead at once into a historical 
and genealogical study of deep inter- 
est, fo r nis family is one of the oldest 
in New England and the home in 
which he dwells at Hollis has sheltered 
his ancestors since 1750. 

Rev. William Worcester came to 
this country from England prior to 
1640 and planted an American family 
tree, whose wide-spreading branches 
have borne many notable divines, 
lawyers, scholars and soldiers. It 
was his great-grandson, Rev. Francis 
Worcester, who removed from Massa- 
chusetts to New Hampshire in 1750. 
The youngest son of Francis, Noah, 
was one of the Hollis "Committee of 
Observation" at the beginning of the 
Revolutionary War, and when Paul 
Revere's alarm call sounded across 
the state line he was one of the Hollis 
company that reported in Cambridge 
the next day, as rapid mobilization 
of troops as would be possible today. 
He was a captain in the Continental 
army a little later with 42 Hollis men 
in his company. One of his sons, 
Noah, Jr., was the fifer, and another. 
Jesse, took part, when fifteen years 
of age, in the march on Ticonderoga. 

Jesse had nine sons, six of whom 
graduated from Yale or Harvard 
College and another died as he was 
about to enter Dartmouth. One of 
them was Joseph E. Worcester, the 
world-famous lexicographer. Another 
was the late Congressman Samuel T. 



34 The Granite Monthly 

Worcester of Ohio. A third was John one of the leading firms in Minneap- 
Newton Worcester of Hollis, member olis, Minnesota, and went there for 
of the executive councils of Gover- that purpose. Returning home to 
nors Berry and Haile, and of his nine arrange for sending his effects west, 
children are the three successful busi- he was prevailed upon by his parents 
ness men and prominent citizens, to remain with them and to give up 
the Worcester Brothers of today, the law for business pursuits. 
Samuel Augustus, Frederick and In these he always has been success- 
Franklin Worcester. ful, individually and in connection 

In the pages of that delightful book with his brothers. He carries on a 

about Hollis, "My Cranford," by large farm at Hollis; has been and is- 

the late Arthur Gilman, these gentle- an extensive lumber operator; and 

men appear frequently as "the Cheery- is a partner with his brothers in a 

ble Brothers," a characterization whose furniture and upholstery business at 

aptness can be fully appreciated only Cambridge, Mass., employing many 

by those who know well both Dickens people. As a man of affairs Mr. 

and the Worcesters. Worcester's long career has shown him 

Franklin Worcester, the youngest to be keen, practical, sagacious and 
of the children of John Newton and sensible. He knows every detail of 
Sarah E. (Holden) Worcester, was the operations he conducts and i& 
born in Hollis on October 27, 1845. able, and willing, on occasion, to step 
After attending the town schools he in and do the work of any one_of his 
prepared for college at Appleton employees. And it is almost needless 
Academy in New Ipswich and entered to say, in a New Hampshire maga- 
Dartmouth in the fall of 1866. He zine, that he always has upheld the 
graduated from that institution in family honor; that his word ever has 
1870, receiving the degree of Bachelor been as good as his bond, 
of Arts and being one of a notable Mr. Worcester's active participa- 
class of fifty members including also tion in public affairs was so natural 
such men as Bishop Talbot of the as to be almost inevitable. Begin- 
Episcopal church; President Brown ning with his home town, he has been 
of the General Theological Seminary, zealous all his life for its best interests, 
Mr. Worcester's senior year room- social and material. He led in the 
mate; Professor Boss, the astronomer; movement for the establishment of a 
the late Ballard Smith, the journalist; public library, contributed person- 
Major Irving W. Drew of the New ally the major share of its initial 
Hampshire bar; Judge John H. Hardy cost and has served it faithfully as 
of Massachusetts, and many other trustee. For almost forty years he 
wellknown names. has been identified with the educa- 

In this connection it is quite re- tional interests of Hollis at first as 

markable to note that while the state superintendent of schools and later 

of New Hampshire takes great pride as chairman of the board of education, 

in her Dartmouth College she has The town's heaviest tax payer, his 

not elected a graduate of the Hanover voice and influence have been given 

institution to be her governor since in all things to make a healthy, happy 

Hon. Moody Currier of Manchester and handsome Hollis. The commodi- 

was chosen to the office in 1884. ous Cranford Inn, one of the town's 

At the time of his graduation from most useful ornaments, is his property 
college Mr. Worcester's tastes in- and is only one of several local monu- 
clined towards the legal profession ments to his public spirit, 
andhf entered the Harvard law school, In 1877 and again in 1878 he rep- 
doing its two years' work in one year, resented the town in the state house 
He passed the state bar examinations of representatives, and in the latter 
in Middlesex county, Massachusetts, year was chairman of the Committee 
but intended to begin practice with on Agricultural College and instru- 



Hon. Franklin Worcester 



35 



mental in securing for that institution 
a liberal appropriation. He also of- 
fered and secured the passage of the 
first law allowing towns to transport 
pupils to school at the public expense, 
thus making possible the consolidation 
and grading of country schools and 
initiating a public policy in this regard 
now fully established. 

Ten years later he was elected to 
the state senate for the fifteenth dis- 
trict and was made chairman of the 



whose biography, by the way, has 
been written by Mr. Worcester, the 
late Dexter Richards, Nathan ( '. 
Jameson and Edward H. Gilman, to 
name no more. 

Mr. Worcester's position as to the 
chief subject of consideration at that 
session was based upon his belief 
that New Hampshire needed devel- 
opment, on several lines, but especially 
as to railroad service; and this belief 
he put into personal action by secur- 




Residence of Hon. Franklin Worcester, Hollis, N. H. 



committee on railroads in the upper 
branch of the legislature. That was 
the longest and most famous session 
of the legislature in New Hampshire's 
history, and, as is well known even 
to younger generations, its chief issue 
was railroads. Senator Worcester's 
important part in the deliberations of 
the session was a creditable one and 
he was of conspicuous influence even 
in that unusually able body which 
included such men as Frank D. Cur- 
rier, now Member of Congress, Ezra 
S. Stearns, later secretary of state, 
Leonard A. Morrison, the historian, 



ing for the people after a struggle a 
charter for the Brookline railroad. 
Then he went before the railroad 
commissioners of Massachusetts and 
secured a charter for the Brook- 
line and Pepperell railroad. He was 
chosen president of both corporations 
and afterwards in connection with 
Thomas S. Hittinger built both roads, 
as also in 1893 the Brookline and Mil- 
ford road. And of the extension of 
the Milford road to Manchester he 
was an early and enthusiastic pro- 
moter against determined and dis- 
couraging opposition. To the best 



36 



The Granite Monthly 



of his ability he fought the unwise 
policy of allowing consolidation by 
competing roads. 

It was his desire for real progress 
of and in New Hampshire that led 
Mr. Worcester to enter the field in 
1898 as a candidate for the Republican 
gubernatorial nomination. The New 
Hampshire Development Association, 
in which United States Senator Wil- 
liam E. Chandler, Governor Charles 
A. Busiel, Professor Jeremiah W. 
Sanborn, and others, were leading 
spirits, urged him to stand for the 
office on a platform of "legislative 
reforms and state progress unhampered 
by ancient methods and special privi- 
leges," and he consented. 

The interests which had opposed 
Mr. Worcester in his Milford and 
Manchester project labored hard and 
with final success to encompass his 
defeat in the nominating convention, 
but as the Concord Evening Monitor 
of September 13, 1898, said edito- 
rially: "The Honorable Franklin 
Worcester made a good fight for the 
nomination for governor. He fought 
fairly and lost honorably . He made 
friends even among his opponents." 

This last statement is verified after 
the lapse of years by the fact that 
some of the leaders in the opposition 
to Mr. Worcester's candidacy in 1898 
are now among his strong supporters 
for the governorship and that they 
point to his fair and manly conduct 
at that time as one of the reasons for 
their present position. 

While in the intervening years Mr. 
Worcester has not been a candidate 
for public office he has retained a 
lively and active interest in the affairs 
of state and nation and the support 
of his advice and influence have been 
highly appreciated by those who have 
led a successful advance along the 
lines of progress and reform. 

Of fine appearance, engaging cour- 
tesy and attractive personality, 
Franklin Worcester sets for himself 
the same high standard in personal 
rectitude and in official duty, in 
private life and in public position. 
He is straightforward and prompt 



in thought and action, clear and con- 
cise in written and spoken word. A 
man of birth, breeding, culture and 
high social position, he is at the same 
time a true democrat in tastes and 
habits, a glad companion and true 
friend of the people, a willing and 
potent co-worker with them. 

In connection with Mr. Worcester's 
present prominence in the public eye 
the following self-explanatory letters 
give a view of the existing political 
situation which require no additional 
comment. 

Nashua, N. H., 
November 10, 1911. 

Hon. Franklin Worcester, 
Hollis, N. H. 

Dear Mr. Worcester: — 

Your neighbors and friends, remembering 
your loyalty and service to the Republican 
party, and having in mind the welfare of the 
state, have been considering asking you to 
become the Republican candidate for gover- 
nor at the next election. You are aware that 
our party has been somewhat divided for 
several years as to its policies in this State. 
These divisions have endangered, and will 
continue to endanger its success. They 
should cease, that we in New Hampshire maj r 
in 1912, as we have ever since 1856, cast the 
electoral vote of the state for the Republican 
candidate for president. To insure victory 
we need a candidate for governor upon whom 
all loyal Republicans can unite in enthusias- 
tic support. 

If the policies of which you were one of 
the earliest exponents did not immediately 
triumph, you have ever had confidence that 
the party of Lincoln, Gran^, McKinley, Roose- 
velt, and Taft would live up to its honored tra- 
ditions and meet new issues as it has those 
of the past, courageously and successfully. 
Consequently you have been content to con- 
tend within the party for those principles 
that you believe to be for the best interest of 
the state and nation. 

In the opinion of those who know you best, 
the time has come when the party may fit- 
tingly acknowledge its obligations to you. 
Furthermore, from inquiries made by your 
friends, we feel sure that your candidacy at 
this time will meet with favor from all Repub- 
licans who believe in the principles of the 
party and who desire its success. 

We therefore ask you to permit us to 
formally present you as a candidate for the 
Republican nomination for Governor of New 
Hampshire. 

Very truly yours, 

F. W. Estabrook, 

And 200 others. 



Hon. Franklin Worcester 



37 



Hollis, N. H., 
November 25, 1911. 
Hon. F. W. Est ab rook, 
Nashua, N. H. 

Dear Sir: — 

After reading many letters received from 
prominent men within the party, and glancing 
over the names of two hundred men living 
in this vicinity who signed your request that 
I should consider and allow my name to be 
presented at the primaries next September 
as a gubernatorial candidate of the Republi- 
can party of New Hampshire, I note many 
prominent men among them who were identi- 
fied in forming and organizing the Republi- 
can party, laying the foundations on the 
bedrock of freedom and equality before the 
law, also many who fought valiantly during 
the whole contest for the preservation and 
integrity of the Union, as well as many friends 
and neighbors. Such a request takes near 
the form of a command which I should hesitate 
to disobey should a like sentiment prevail 
throughout the state. But I must be the 
candidate of the Republican party united and 
strong, declaring that Republicanism em- 
bodies progressiveness and that all questions 
must be decided on merit regardless of party 
interests, that in the future we should be 
known as Republicans, acting unitedly and 
zealously for the best interest of the state and 
nation, and no longer known as "progres- 
sives" "reaetionar'.e-i," or ''insurgents": that 
at the proper time a platform embodying the 
principles of the Republican party should be 
submitted to the electors for their consider- 
ation and approval. 

Please accept my assurance of the high 
appreciation of the honor conveyed, which 
comes more forcibly to me as it was your 
voluntary act after considering what yovi 
thought to be for the best interest of the state. 
And since it comes with no implied obligation 
of any kind to any individual or factions and 
thus leaves me free to act conscientiously 
and in accordance with my conviction of duty 
in considering any proposition that might, 
come before me, in that spirit I would con- 
sider it and in that spirit only. 

Very respectfully yours, 

Franklin Worcester. 



Hollis, N. H., 
January :^0, 1912. 
To the Republicans of New Hampshire: 

When recently some two hundred Repub- 
licans of Hillsborough Count}', mostly my 



neighbors and friends, requested me to be a 
candidate for governor of our state, I said in 
a communication to Mr. Estabrook of Nashua 
I would do so if the Republicans generally 
throughout the state appeared to favor my 
candidacy. 

In the interval very many active members 
of the party in all parts of New Hampshire 
have conferred with me and the movement 
seems so general and substantial that I now 
announce my candidacy for the Republican 
nomination for governor. 

I think I have the right to appeal to all 
members of the party to which we belong to 
give me their support at the primary. 

Republican principles as they have been 
set forth in our state and national platforms, 
I have always believed in as a consistent mem- 
ber of the party and during all the period in 
which I have had the right to cast a ballot, 
the place of which has always been the State 
of New Hampshire, I have never failed to 
support its nominees. 

It is well known that some years ago in 
common with others I believed certain reforms 
should be instituted in political affairs of the 
state and in and out of the. legislature I gave 
my sincere support to bring, about those 
changes that now are accomplished. 

What the Republican party has done in 
New Hampshire in the past few years is 
fully abreast of its long record of achieve- 
ment in state and nation. With such a past 
we can courageously face the coming problems . 
We shall neither step backward nor down. 

I believe in the doctrine of a sound currency •> 
in adequate protection to the industries of 
our state; in liberal legislation for the labor- 
ing classes and the soldiers, and in such other 
measures as will promote the welfare and hap- 
piness of our people. The patriotic admin- 
istration of President Taft I most cordially 
endorse. Under great embarrassments, I be- 
lieve he has tried faithfully to carry out the 
principles of the Republican party and to give 
to the country a wise and economical admin- 
istration. 

If nominated and elected to be governor 
of the State of New Hampshire, I promise to 
give to the conduct of public affairs the full 
measure of my ability and especially to direct 
my efforts so that the business of the state 
shall be conducted as economically and pru- 
dently as is consistent with the demands and 
requirements of our day and time. 
(Signed) 

Franklin Worcester. 




SOUTH CONGREGATIONAL CHURCH 



A NOTABLE OCCASION 

Seventy-Fifth Anniversary of the South Congregational Church, 

Concord 



By An Occasional Contributor 



On Sunday, February 4, the South 
•Congregational Church of Concord, 
celebrated the seventy-fifth anni- 
versary of its organization by appro- 
priate exercises, the day being selected 
as the Sunday nearest the precise 
date of the organization of the church 
and the dedication of its first house 
of worship, the same having occurred 
on February 1, 1837. The society, 
however, had been organized in 1835 — 
May 16 — and the construction of the 
edifice carried out the following year. 

This first house of worship occupied 
the lot at the corner of Main and 
Pleasant Streets where the Aquilla 
Block now stands, which site had 
been acquired at a cost of $1,200, 
and upon which a suitable building 
was erected at a further expenditure 
of $8,800, making the total, $10,000. 
In 1859 this first church edifice was 
destroyed by fire, and in the following- 
year the present spacious building was 
erected, on the site of the residence 
of the late Hon. William A. Kent, in 
which Daniel Webster as well as 
General Lafayette had been enter- 
tained and wherein Ralph Waldo Em- 
erson was married. The new build- 
ing was dedicated, November 27, 1860. 
Its total cost, together with the adja- 
cent chapel was about $25, COO. Va- 
rious alterations and improvements 
have been made at different times, 
the most important being in 1896 when 
a new chapel of enlarged capacity 
and ample equipment was erected, 
making the church plant altogether 
one of the largest, most conveniently 
arranged and most complete in the 
state, in all respects. 

It is not the purpose of this article 
to present a detailed history of the 
church, or society, the same hav- 
ing been presented in the Granite 



Monthly for January, 1900, from the 
pen of the late Maj. Henry McFar- 
land, and incidental reference is made 
merely in the line of introduction to a 
brief mention of the anniversary 
exercises above ief erred to, which 
opened with the regular morning 
service, w r hich w r as largely attended, 
the spacious audience room being 
filled to its capacity, representatives 
of nearly all other churches in town 
being present with the regular wor- 
shippers. 

The sermon was by Rev. Dr. 
Harry P. Dewey, now of Plymouth 
Church, Minneapolis, who was pastor 
of this church from 1887 till 1900, 
his text being from John 1:4, "In 
Him was life and the life was the light 
of men." It was an eloquent and 
masterly effort, well worthy the repu- 
tation of the preacher as one of the 
foremost exponents of the "new 
theology" which makes the ultimate 
triumph of the Master the corner- 
stone of its faith. 

At 4:30 p. in., holy communion 
was observed with Dr. Dewey and 
the pastor, Rev. Ashley Day Leavitt, 
officiating; but the service in which 
the general public took most interest 
was that at 7:30 o'clock in the even- 
ing, when a general invitation was 
extended, and several speakers were 
heard. At this service the pastor 
presided, opening with appropriate 
words of greeting on his owtl behalf, 
and introducing, successively, in most 
happily chosen words, Rev. George 
H. Reed, D.D., who brought greeting 
from the old North or Mother Church; 
Rev. Edward A. Tuck of West 
Concord, who spoke for the sister 
Congregational churches; Rev. John 
Vannevar, D.D., of the Universalist 
Church and president of the Concord 



40 



The Granite Monthly 



Ministerial Union, speaking for the 
other Protestant Churches of the 
city; Rev. Charles E. Harrington, 
pastor of the church from 1878 to 
1882, and the Rev. Dr. Dewe> , who, 
as in the morning, was heard with 
deep interest by all present, as were, 
indeed, all the speakers. A most 
interesting and appreciative letter 



by a parish reunion and reception, 
to the pastor and wife and Dr. and 
Mrs. Dewey, to which the clergymen 
of the city were invited, and which 
many attended. 

It may be proper to add that the 
South Congregational Church of Con- 
cord is one of the largest and most 
prosperous of the denomination in 




Reverend Harry P. Dewey, D. D. 



was also read from Rev. Dr. Edwin 
W. Bishop, now of the First Congre- 
gational Church at Grand Rapids, 
Michigan, who was the pastor from 
Dr. Dewey's resignation in 1900 till 
1908. The exercises of the evening 
were interspersed with appropriate 
music. 

The anniversary observances were 
fittingly concluded Monday evening 



the state, as well as one of the most 
tolerant and progressive. It ranks 
with the Franklin Street Church of 
Manchester, the First Congregational 
Church of Keene and the First Parish 
Church of Dover, and is exceeded 
materially in membership only by the 
First or Hanover Street Church of 
Manchester. The parish list includes 
over 1,000 names; the church member- 




REVEREND ASHLEY DAY LEAVITT 



42 



The Granite Monthly 



ship numbers 446; and the number 
enrolled in the Sunday School is 
316. The current expenses of the 
church, society and auxiliary bodies 
for the last year, including $5,000 
for repairs, amounted to over $12,500 
while the amount of the various 
benevolences brought the total expen- 
diture up to nearly $40,000, including 
individual gifts. The church has a 
permanent fund now amounting to 
$12,800, the interest of which only can 
be used. 

Rev. Ashley Day Leavitt. 

The present pastor of the South 
Congregational Church was born in 
Chicago, 111., October 10, 1877, the 
son of Rev. B. F. and Lucina (Day) 
Leavitt now residing in East Bos- 
ton, Mass. He removed with his 
parents to Massachusetts when in 
his fourteenth year, and received his 
preparatory education in the public 
schools of Greater Boston, graduating 
at the Cambridge Latin School, from 
which he entered Yale University, 
graduating A.B., from the latter 
institution in 1900. He studied divin- 
ity at the Hartford Theological Sem- 
inary, from which he graduated with 
the B.D. degree in 1900. He was 
assistant pastor of the South Church 
of Hartford in 1903-04, and pastor 
of the Congregational Church at 
Willimantic, Conn., 1904-08, whence 
he was called to his present pastorate, 
being installed therein May 12, 1908. 
He has already won high rank among 



the preachers of the state, and has 
proved a worthy successor in a long 
line of able and distinguished pastors. 

Mr. Leavitt, although born in the 
Middle West, and educated elsewhere, 
is a New Hampshire man by descent, 
on both the paternal and maternal 
sides, his father being a grandson of 
Dr. Roswell Leavitt, an early settler 
and long time medical practitioner 
in the town of Cornish, and his mother 
a daughter of Sewell Day of Nelson, 
and a native of that town. His 
grandfather, Erasmus Day Leavitt, 
settled in Lowell, Mass., and had 
five sons, three of whom including 
Burke Fay, father of Mr. Leavitt, 
entered the ministry. 

As would be expected in view of his 
ancestry, Mr. Leavitt is strongly 
interested in New Hampshire and 
all that pertains to its welfare, and, as 
the pastor of one of its leading 
churches, whose membership includes 
a large number of active represen- 
tative men and women, by whom he 
is held in high esteem as well as by the 
community at large, he is doubtless 
destined to exercise a strong influence 
for good upon the future of the com- 
monwealth. 

He is a close student and a ready, 
vigorous and incisive speaker, who 
never fails to arouse interest and com- 
mand attention. 

Mr. Leavitt married, September 7, 
1904, Miss Myrtle R. Hart of Hart- 
ford, Conn. They have one child — 
Hart D. Leavitt. 



A RETIRED VETERAN 

Hon. Edward E. Parker Leaves the Hillsborough County 

Probate Bench 



By H. H. Metcalf 



The legal and orderly distribution 
of the estates of deceased persons, 
which the Courts of Probate have in 
hand, is surpassed in importance by 
no other function of judicial power. 
It surpasses all others in fact, so far 
as the magnitude of the financial in- 
terests involved is concerned. Such 
being the case, it is not to be won- 
dered that care is almost invariably 
taken to select men of sound judg- 
ment, well balanced mind, and good 
legal training for Judges of Probate 
in the various counties of our own 
and other states. 

In the county of Hillsborough, the 
largest and most populous in the state, 
nine men, in all, have held the office 
of judge of probate during the last 
one hundred years, all being men of 
first-class ability. These have been 
John Harris of Hopkinton, Clifton 
Claggett and Edmund Parker of Am- 
herst, Luke Woodbury of Antrim, 
William C. Clarke, David Cross, Lu- 
cien B. Clough and Henry E. Burn- 
ham of Manchester and Edward E. 
Parker of Nashua. 

Judge Harris served from 1812 to 
1823, when Merrimack County was 
constituted, largely from towns in the 
northern portion of Hillsborough, of 
which Hopkinton, in which he re- 
sided, was one; Judge Claggett from 
1823 to 1829; Judge Edmund Parker 
from 1829 to 1836; Judge Woodbury 
from 1836 to 1851; Judge Clarke 
from 1851 to 1856; Judge Cross from 
1856 to 1874; Judge Clough from 
1874 to 1876; Judge Burnham from 
1876 to 1879, and Judge Edward E. 
Parker from June 3, 1879 to January 
7, 1912, when he was retired by vir- 
tue of the constitutional limitation as 
to age, having completed his seven- 
tieth year on the latter date. Of the 



two living predecessors of Judge 
Parker — Judges Cross and Burnham — 
the former served a longer term than 
any other, eighteen years, while Judge 
(now United States Senator) Burnham 
held the office but three years. 

Edward Everett Parker was born 
in the town of Brookline, January 
7, 1842, the son of James and Deverd 
ancestor of the name settled in Tyngs- 
(Corey) Parker. His first American 
boro, Mass., about 1660, and his 
grandfather was one of the first set- 
tlers of Brookline, and represented 
that town in the legislature in the Rev- 
olutionary period. Prudence (Cum- 
mings) Wright, wife of David Wright 
of Pepperell, Mass., who led the band 
of patriotic women who arrested Col. 
Leonidas Whiting, the tory leader, at 
Jewett's Bridge, on the morning after 
the Battle of Lexington, on his way 
from Canada with dispatches for the 
British at Boston, was his maternal 
great-grandmother. 

Judge Parker received his early 
education in the public schools and at 
Phillips-Exeter and Appleton (Mont 
Vernon) Academies. In 1863 he en- 
listed in the navy, serving as yeo- 
man on the brig, Perry, from August, 
1863, till October, 1864. Returning 
home he determined to pursue a col- 
lege course, completed his prepara- 
tion for the same at Colby Academy, 
New London, entered Dartmouth and 
graduated in the class of 1869. He 
was the centennial poet at the com- 
mencement exercises of that year. 

Following his graduation he was 
principal of the Warrensburg (N. Y.) 
Academy one year, and was, later, 
principal of the Wareham and Midle- 
boro (Mass.) academies, but, deciding 
to pursue the study of law, he en- 




Hon. Edward E. Parker 



A Retired Veteran 



45 



tered upon the same in an office at 
Warrensburg, N. Y., coining thence 
to the office of the late Gen. Aaron F. 
Stevens of Nashua in 1871, where he 
continued his studies until his ad- 
mission to the bar at the August term 
of court at Amherst in 1873. Imme- 
diately after admission he became a 
partner with General Stevens, in legal 
practice continuing until his appoint- 
ment as Judge of Probate, in June, 
1879, meanwhile serving as city solic- 
itor in 1876-77. 

During his term of service, cover- 
ing nearly a third of a century, 
Judge Parker necessarily transacted a 
greater volume of business than any 
other probate judge in the history of 
the state, his being the longest term 
in the largest and most populous 
county. Moreover, his administra- 
tion was universally satisfactory, be- 
ing characterized by thorough knowl- 
edge of the law, a fine sense of justice 
and absolute independence, so that 
there was general regret throughout 
the county when he was obliged by 
constitutional limitation to separate 
himself from the work for which he was 
so well equipped and in which he had 
performed such admirable service. 

While faithfully attending to the 
important duties of his office Judge 
Parker has rendered valuable service 
in other directions. He has taken a 
deep interest in the cause of educa- 
tion and served three terms as a mem- 
ber of the Nashua school board. He 
has also been for many years, and 
still is, a member of the board of 
trustees of the Nashua Public Li- 
brary. Since 1900 he has been a 
member of the board of directors of 



the Indian Head National Bank. He 
is a Free Mason, a member of Rising 
Sun Lodge of Nashua, but was ini- 
tiated in Benevolent Lodge of Mil- 
ford, in 1868. He is also a Knight of 
Pythias, but has been more active 
and prominent in the Grand Army of 
the Republic than in any other fra- 
ternal organization. He is a past 
commander of John G. Foster Post 
of Nashua, also of the New Hamp- 
shire Department, holding the latter 
position in 1903, and has twice served 
as judge advocate general on the staff 
of the commander-in-chief. 

Judge Parker married, December 
20, 1877, Miss Alice Prince Ham- 
mond, daughter of the late Evan B. 
and Sarah Ann (Adams) Hammond 
of Nashua. They have two daugh- 
ters — Rena Deverd, born November 
23, 1878, and Edna Alice, December 
13, 1880. The former who graduated 
from Wellesley College in 1901, and 
Pratt Institute, Brooklyn, in 1907, is a 
teacher in the Boston High School of 
Practical Arts, and the latter a grad- 
uate of Mt. Holyoke College, class of 
1903, in the Manchester (Mass.) high 
school. 

Judge Parker is a man of fine lit- 
erary tastes, and is endowed with poet- 
ical talent of no mean order. He has 
written many occasional poems of 
merit, and the productions of his pen 
frequently appearing in the public 
press, have always been read with 
interest. His most important liter- 
ary work, however, was performed as 
editor of the large and comprehensive 
history of the city of Nashua, issued 
a few years since, to which he gave 
much time and labor. 



RETROSPECTION 



By Frank Monroe Beverly 

Ah, well do I remember that evening long ago 

When Ina Belle smiled sweetly, with love-lit cheeks aglow; 

And she for me was smiling — such smiles could she bestow! 

Her thoughts with mine were mingling, for something told me so. 



46 The Granite Monthly 

'Twas at her father's husking, a pleasant autumn time; 
Anon we sang by snatches, then quoted bits of rhyme, 
And some by fits grew clownish and deigned to play the mime; 
Then came the girls all laughter, with festive words to chime. 

'Twas red ears won; the prizes were lasses' cheeks to kiss; 

To whom the Fates proved kindly would come the longed-for bliss, 

And if red lips were sweeter, no lass could prove remiss — 

The world seemed fair, celestial — no sweeter boon than this. 

Fair Ina Belle, beside me, then sat in girlish glee, 
And oh, her eyes so softly she ever turned to me! 
And for an ear vermilion I prayed "the powers that be," 
When one from out its hiding I drew as pearl from sea. 

I looked; I saw her blushing — by lantern's light 'twas plain, 
But Spartan-like she met me; my lips did she enchain, 
And did I to the blissful from grosser things attain — 
'Twas bliss the gods enjoy and mortals seldom gain. 

By ten, the heap, once massive, was but an empty space, 
And in the bin stored safely the corn was in its place; 
Then to the feast of harvest! The parson said his grace, 
And we his "table comforts" did satingly embrace. 

Then out beside the doorway, half hidden from the light, 
I stood and gazed at Luna — she'd climbed a dizzy height — 
When Ina Belle came by me like airy fairy, slight, 
And whispered me low, softly, "You'll not go home tonight." 

But Tom would not excuse me, said he, "You'll have to go, 
For ere I'd come you promised you would return, you know; 
The way would be so lonely, the sprites would scare me so — 
And now we're off, already — the late hours smaller grow. 

'Twas thus the Fates did grip me, and evil was the hour; 
Their purpose stern, relentless, and absolute their power; 
I felt their clutches ruthless — my hopes they did devour, 
And rang their heartless laughter — they'd snatched a priceless flower. 

That night her love another, a gallant, sought and won — 
Or so the world have it — the world was ill begun — 
Some women have a nature that slights will brook from none, 
And this per contra nature had left me thus undone. 

But like a gentle flower, betouched by withering blast, 
From all things cold and earthly, with broken heart she passed, 
For preying on her vitals some fiend had held her fast, 
And over friends and kindred a pall of sadness cast. 

But lo! her gentle spirit back from Lethean lands; 

Again it is embodied, and as of yore it stands; 

I see those brown eyes lovely — from o'er Time's changing sands; 

I fancy she remembers the red ear in my hands. 



A STRENUOUS VACATION TRIP 



By Harry V. Lawrence 



One Sunday morning in July, 1910, 
the writer left Boston at 10 o'clock, 
and arrived at Niagara Falls, N. Y., 
at midnight. By making the trip 
during the day one can see the splen- 
did scenery of the Berkshire Hills, 
in western Massachusetts, the Erie 
Canal, and many prosperous cities 
of northern New York. In order to 
make this trip during the day it w T as 
necessary to change trains at Albany 
and Buffalo. While riding through 
Dalton, Mass., the home of United 



night in this manner. It seems that 
they send the power developed from 
Niagara Falls all through the upper 
part of New York state to light cities 
and run cars. After a night's rest 
at the International Hotel I started 
out to "see the sights." 
' The first place visited was Goat 
Island, and then the trip in the little 
steamer "Maid of the Mist" was 
made, after the passengers had put 
on the rubber coats and hoods loaned 
by the steamboat company. When 




In the Berkshires, Western Massachusetts \ 



States Senator Crane, I had my 
luncheon in the dining car and did not 
get another meal until Niagara Falls 
was reached, at midnight, as the din- 
ing car was taken off our train at Syra- 
cuse, N, Y. 

On arriving at Niagara Falls I 
was very much surprised to find the 
main street in the city all lighted up 
with electric lights strung across the 
street in a series of arches. On 
inquiring of a citizen about this well 
lighted street, I was informed that 
power was so cheap in their city that 
they kept this street lighted up all 



our little steamer got under the Falls, 
and I looked up at that deluge, I did 
not doubt that 58,000 barrels of water 
pass over the Falls every second and 
100,000,000 tons every hour. Geol- 
ogists claim that the Falls were orig- 
inally at Lewiston Mountain, seven 
miles below their present location, 
and have been about 35,000 years 
wearing to their present site. These 
remarkable Falls are visited by over 
1,000,000 people every year. 

While we were on the little steamer 
we could see a number of people mak- 
ing their way across the bridge to 



48 



The Granite Monthly 



visit the "Cave of the Winds" under 
Niagara Falls. In the afternoon an 
electric car was taken for the famous 
trip on "The Great Gorge Route." 
Many travelers claim this trip is the 
finest of its kind in the world. The 
trip is from Niagara Falls, N. Y., 
across a steel arch bridge to the Can- 
adian side, Horseshoe Fall, Brock's 
Monument, Queenston, across Sus- 
pension Bridge to Lewiston, N. Y., 
thence through the gorge, passing- 
Whirlpool Rapids, where Captain 
Webb lost his life, and then back to 
the starting point. 

At 6.45 p. m. I took a ride to 
Buffalo and spent the evening at 




Between Niagara Falls and Lewiston 

the leading vaudeville theatre in that 
city. One of the women on the 
stage would ask the audience to write 
a question on a piece of paper, sign 
their name to it, and she would give 
the correct answer. While I was 
Writing my question on a slip of paper, 
a young lady seated next to my seat, 
asked me if this woman would call 
one's name out before the audience. 
I immediately told her that I didn't 
•care whether she called my name out 
or not, as I was a stranger in Buffalo. 
Before leaving this beautiful city I 
had an opportunity to see the McKin- 
ley Monument and the Temple of 
Music. 

At 10.45 p. m. I left Buffalo, on 
an electric car, and arrived at my 



hotel in Niagara Falls at midnight. 
This car makes the 24 miles between 
the cities in one hour and fifteen min- 
utes. On inquiring of a citizen about 
the fast time that car makes, I was 
informed that one time it left the rails 
and went through a butcher shop. 

Tuesday morning I left Niagara 
Falls and went to Lewiston, N. Y., on 
"The Great Gorge Route," and 
boarded the steamer "Chippewa" 
bound for Toronto. On my way 
down to Lewiston I saw a large beer 
sign that was evidently meant for a 
"take off" on a certain Milwaukee 
concern. This enormous sign read 
"The beer that made Milwaukee 
jealous." Our steamer headed down 
the Niagara River and passed Fort 
George, Fort Missassauga, and Fort 
Niagara on its way out into Lake 
Ontario. After a beautiful thirty- 
seven mile sail from Lewiston we 
arrived in the harbor of Toronto, and 
passed through the "Eastern Gap" 
entrance. The strip of land lying 
between the two gaps is called "Hia- 
watha Island" and is a popular pleas- 
ure ground. A large number of boys 
were in swimming, and, on inquiring 
about them I was informed that the 
city sent the newsboys out there on 
a little trip once a week during the 
summer. 

On arriving at the wharf in Toronto 
we did not have to have our baggage 
examined, as- this important duty 
had been performed by the Canadian 
officials at the wharf in Lewiston, 
N. Y. 

On leaving the "Chippewa" I left 
my luggage at a checking room on 
another wharf. This slight delay 
caused me to lose the "seeing Toronto 
car"; but the company's agent told 
me to jump into one of their carriages 
and they would try to catch the car 
up town. They transferred me from 
the carriage to an automobile and this 
machine caught the big car about a 
mile from the wharf. Some of the 
passengers looked amused and others 
disgusted, on account of our "hold 
up" of their car. On this trip one 
can see the Toronto Club, Board of 



A Strenuous Vacation 



49 



Trade Building, St. Lawrence Mar- 
ket, Cathedra] of St. James (the top 
of the spire being 318 feet from the 
ground, the highest on the continent 
of America), General Post Office, 
Ryrie Bros. — the largest jewelry store 
in Canada,— the $3,000,000 City Hall 
containing the largest winding clock 
on the continent, its bell weighing 
11,648 pounds; Metropolitan Church, 
St. Michael's Hospital, St. Michael's 
Cathedral, Bond Street Church, Holy 
Blossom Synagogue, Normal School, 
Allan Gardens — opened in 1860 by 
the Prince of Wales, later King 
Edward VII, — the Rosedale Bridges 



loaded the "Belleville" to the limit. 
About midnight I retired to the lower 
berth in my stateroom, not having 
the slightest idea who was to have 
the upper berth. A short time after 
I had retired, the door of my state- 
room opened and I thought a giant 
had entered the room. This young 
man was one of the finest specimens 
of manhood I had ever seen. He 
had red cheeks, stood six feet four 
inches, and weighed two hundred 
and sixty. He informed me that he 
was a "boss" on the "Grand Trunk" 
and that he intended to take another 
position in the northwestern part of 




Parliament Buildings, Queen's Park, Toronto 



130 feet above a charming glen, 
Queen's Park, Victoria University, 
The Parliament Buildings, Osgoode 
Hall, the Lieutenant-Governor's 
house, Royal Alexandra Theatre, and 
Old St. Andrew's Church. 

When I arrived in Toronto that 
Tuesday afternoon I found I had run 
right into the Grand Trunk railroad 
strike. After a light meal at the 
St. Charles Hotel, I boarded the 
steamer "Belleville" for a sail of 
one day and two nights on Lake 
Ontario. Our steamer was loading 
up with Grand Trunk freight and 
passengers, and this freight proved 
to be our "equilibrator," as they had 



Canada. This man told me a great 
deal about Canada's railroad laws, 
and, after telling him not to break the 
berth down over my head, we both 
went to sleep. Judging from the 
appearance of this man I don't think 
he had any trouble in handling the 
men who came under his authority. 
All day Wednesday we touched 
at the different Canadian towns on 
the lake and some of us went up into 
the main part of these towns to "see 
the sights." At Belleville, Canada, 
we had our dinner while we were tied 
up to the wharf, and when we left 
this town the citizens gave us a great 
"send off" as we steamed out into the 



50 



The Granite Monthly 



lake. It seemed to please them to 
know that we were getting along so 
well in spite of the "big strike." 

Early Thursday morning we sailed 
down the St. Lawrence River through 
the "Thousand Islands" and the 
descriptions of the trip through these 
islands are not exaggerated, as I 
think any one will testify who has 
taken it. The morning I sailed down 
through these islands everything had 
a very fresh look, as we had had 
showers during the night, and the 
grass and trees on the islands looked 
very fine in the early morning sun- 
light. One very fine view was the 



Trunk strike" had started on the 
"Rapids King." 

At 6 p. m. we "shot" the famous 
Lachine Rapids, and, after we had 
passed through safely, I saw the 
"man-at-the-wheel" take his hat off, 
and mop the perspiration from his 
forehead, although it was cool evening. 
Some years ago an old Indian took 
the steamer through the rapids, but 
since he died the work has been done 
by white men. 

At 6.30 p. m. we arrived at Mont- 
real and I went to the Queen's Hotel 
for supper. In the evening I visited 
an amusement resort called "Domin- 




Steamer "Rapids King," in Lachine Rapids 



country up near Alexandria Bay, 
N. Y. " 

At 10 a. m. I left the steamer 
"Belleville" at Prescott, Canada, and 
went into the town to get a shave. 
In getting this shave I nearly lost 
the steamer "Rapids King" and if 
I had, that would have been another 
kind of a "scrape" I had not figured 
upon. Some of the passengers in- 
formed me that I took "long chances," 
as they had watched me climb over 
one steamer in order to board the 
"Rapids King." We had a beauti- 
ful sail down through several rapids 
on our way to Montreal. At about 
noon time they opened up a buffet 
lunch on our steamer, and, for a few 
minutes I thought another "Grand 



ion Park." The band played a num- 
ber of our national airs, and this 
music made a great "hit" with the 
people in the park who belonged in 
"the States." 

After a night's rest at my hotel I 
left Montreal Friday morning and 
rode on the two "strike roads," the 
Grand Trunk and Central Vermont. 
I had figured on reaching Montreal 
Thursday evening, and by taking the 
"Rapids King" I arrived at my des- 
tination right on time. The accounts 
in the newspapers about the strike 
must have been written by men who 
were not on the "firing line," as I 
went several hundred miles through 
the "strike district" and did not see 
any violence at all. 



A Strenuous Vocation 



51 



Shortly after leaving Montreal 1 
asked the conductor on our train 
what his regular position was, and he 
informed me that he was Traveling- 
Freight Agent for the Grand Trunk 
Railroad. This conductor was a very 
polite, hut powerful looking young 
man, and I knew there would be 
"something doing" if the "strikers" 
undertook to block his train on the 
way down to "the States." The 
train crew did not wear uniforms, as 



ington" for the beautiful sail of forty 
miles on Lake Winnipesaukee to 
Alton Bay. After an inspection of 
Alton Bay, I had a good dinner in the 
"Camp Grounds" and then went to- 
the railroad station to board a train 
for Exeter, N. H. At the station I 
met several more friends, and, after 
a rather dusty ride, I arrived in Exeter 
at about 4 p. m. Saturday and com- 
pleted a beautiful, but rather stren- 
uous trip of about 1200 miles. After 




Steamer " Mt. Washington," Lake Winnipesaukee 



they were men taken out of the rail- 
road offices and put on the trains. 

After having our luggage examined 
at the United States line we passed 
on down through the Green Moun- 
tains of Vermont to Montpelier. I 
had my dinner and then rode on the 
train until I reached The Weirs on 
Lake Winnipesaukee at about 6 p. m. 
I immediately went to the Lakeside 
House, had supper, and then hunted 
up an old friend, as I had not seen a 
single person I knew for nearly one 
week. 

After a night's rest at the Lakeside 
House I took the steamer "Mt. Wash- 



spending ten days in Exeter and 
vicinity, I returned to Boston for 
another year's work. 

Before closing this article I wish 
to call the reader's attention to the 
politeness and courtesy met with in 
Canada, as I found every one obliging, 
even under trying cirumstances, and, 
I am sorry to say it, but it seems to 
me that the public officials in "the 
States," could learn considerable about 
handling the general public if they 
would make a few trips to beautifuL 
Canada. 

27 St. Stephen St., Boston. 



BELOW ZERO 

By Laura Garland Carr 

Oh, the north king means destruction — 

He is out with horse and hound! 
He has all his lackeys with him — 

Do n't you catch the bugle's sound? 
We can hear him shout and whistle, 

As he urges on the pack; 
We can feel the rush and trample — 

We can hear the lashes crack! 

His breath, like sparkling diamond dust, 

In all the air is rife; 
It strikes, on cheek and forehead 

With the tingle of a knife. 
The passers by step briskly. 

With their muffled heads bent low: 
There's a crink'.ly crank Ty crunching 

As their swift feet press the snow. 

Hark! How the sledges shriek and creak! 

The horses breath out steam. 
About their mouths and through their hair 

The icy crystals gleam. 
The teamsters swing and beat their hands. 

And shout in lusty way; 
The small boy, scurrying to school, 

For once makes no delay. 

The sparrows are just feather lumps, 

With neither heads nor toes. 
What keeps the little beggars warm 

When this fierce north wind blows? 
The tabby cat comes bouncing in 

With all her fur a-puff ; 
It stands about her ribboned neck 

Like old queen Bessie's ruff. 

How are the pipes? How are the fires? 

Look out for coal and wood! 
We have a fortress snug and strong; 

We'll hold it staunch and good! 
So shout and whang away — old king — 

You try our doors in vain, 
And we can watch you at your tricks 

Through frosted window pane. 



COLONEL ISRAEL MOREY 



By F. P. Well* 



[Head before the New Hampshire Historical Society] 



Israel Morey, a pioneer in the early 
settlement of the upper portion of 
the Connecticut Valley, and a man 
of business and military affairs, was 
born in Lebanon, Conn., May 27, 
1735, and died at Orford, N. H., 
August 10, 1809. His name con- 
tinually recurs in the annals of his 
time and locality, and it is the object 
of this paper to consider the services 
rendered by him, and how far he was 
a representative of that sturdy and 
faithful class of men who stood be- 
hind the leaders in the great struggle 
for American liberty, and kept them 
supplied with the men and means 
through which they won their inde- 
pendence. 

The services rendered by him, and 
by hundreds like him, although of 
the utmost importance, were, from 
the nature of them, so devoid of 
the brilliant features which captivate 
the mind, that they have been neg- 
lected by history, and the very 
names of these sturdy patriots are 
almost forgotten. Let it be remem- 
bered that Israel Morey contributed, 
in no small degree, toward the defeat 
of General Burgoyne, and that his 
hand was in many of the public 
measures of his time. 

It is not possible to trace his ances- 
try beyond the fourth generation. 
George Morey, one of the first settlers 
of Bristol, R. I., married Hannah 
Lewis in 1683. Their oldest son, 
John, married Margaret Linsford in 
1707. They lived at Point Shirley, 
and their eldest son, named Linsford, 
became one of the first settlers of 
Lebanon, Conn. His wife was Sarah 
Dewey, and Israel was their third son. 

Lebanon was in the time of Israel's 
youth already a place of considerable 
importance, and the birthplace or 
residence of several men destined to 
confer enduring fame upon the town. 
Jonathan Trumbull, statesman and 



soldier, was during Morey's youth, 
a rising young lawyer, and in the 
year of his birth Rev. Eleazer Wheel- 
ock became the minister of the town. 
In order to help out his meager 
salary, he opened a school, which he 
conducted until his removal to Han- 
over in 1769, to become the founder 
of Dartmouth College. It is probable 
that Israel was a pupil of Wheelock's, 
for he obtained a fair education, 
wrote an excellent hand, and acquired 
a considerable knowledge of survey- 
ing and bookkeeping. In 1757, he 
married Martha Palmer, and they 
settled on a farm, where they remainei I 
eight years and where four children 
were born to them. In the year 1765, 
having purchased certain rights of land 
in the township of Orford, N. H., they 
sold their possessions in Lebanon, and 
in January, 1766, became the third 
family of settlers in Orford. 

The close of the French and Indian 
War in 1760 opened to settlement a 
large portion of New England, which 
had hitherto been forbidden land, 
but whose value as a desirable section 
for residence and trade had become 
generally known. Peace was no 
sooner declared when a large emigra- 
tion from the older portions of the 
colonies set in for the new land. 

In the fall of 1761, Col. Jacob 
Bayley, Col. John Hazen, Lieut. 
Timothy Bedel and Lieut. Jacob 
Kent, who had passed through the 
valley the year before on their return 
from the surrender of Montreal, took 
possession of the great meadows of 
the Lower Coos, and obtained charters 
for themselves and their associate 
settlers, of the towns of Newbury 
and Haverhill, on opposite sides of 
the Connecticut River. This settle- 
ment was unique in that the grantees 
of these two towns, or the majority 
of them, became actual settlers. The 
emigration which set in for these 



54 The Granite Monthly 

towns was mainly from a section Martha Morey began their long and 
which lay within a radius of twenty toilsome journey. They traveled 
miles of Haverhill, Mass., and the with an ox team, which bore the 
colonists were, generally, well known necessaries for their journey and 
to each other, and related by birth their primitive housekeeping, 
or marriage. With these advantages, It is difficult for us to comprehend 
and the further circumstance that the hardships of the adventure, corn- 
large portions of the great intervale mon as such were in those days. The 
were already cleared and had long young man and his wife, with three 
been cultivated by the Indians, these young children, set out on their 
settlements became, in a very few journey of 200 miles into the wilder- 
years, a sturdy community, with a ness with the certainty that winter 
church, schools, and a form of local must come upon them long before 
government suited to their needs, they could reach its end. It is not 
It was a vigorous colony, and by the known how many were in the party, 
time of the settlement of Orford the Nathan Caswell and wife, who became 
pioneers at Ccos had begun to colon- later the first settlers of Littleton, 
ize the Connecticut valley as far were of the party, and there were 
north as Northumberland. probably others. North of Fort 

The people who settled Newbury Dummer there was only an occasional 

and Haverhill were nearly all from clearing, but a rude path lay along 

the lower part of the Merrimack the river bank as far as Charlestown. 

valley, but below them the valley Beyond that point was, not a -road, 

was mainly peopled from Connecticut, but a line of spotted trees which 

From some cause, not now quite marked a course along which an ox 

clear, the attention of people in the team like theirs might pass. There 

vicinity of Lebanon, Hebron, Had- were no bridges, and the ingenuity 

dam and other towns had been of the party was fully taxed to convey 

directed toward the part of the valley the load in safety across rapid streams 

lying immediately south of the Coos and over precipices. Winter had set 

country, and Lebanon, Hanover, in before the party had left Massa- 

Lyme, Orford and Piermont, with chusetts, and it was January before 

the towns opposite to them on the the end of the journey was reached. 

Vermont side, were settled mainly Only a few miles could be made in 

from Hartford and Tolland counties a day. The unbroken forest; the 

in Connecticut. The stream of emi- long reaches of the river; the slow 

gration from the lower valley of the movements of the oxen; the fires 

Merrimack took a more northerly around which the weary travelers 

course, and did not mingle with that gathered for the night; the hours 

which originated near Long Island of darkness and increasing cold; the 

sound. In the twelve years preceding stealthy movements of the wild beasts 

the outbreak of the Revolutionary that prowled in the forests, were the 

War, hundreds of families from Con- daily and nightly experiences of our 

necticut had made new homes in the adventurers. It is probable that the 

towns we have mentioned. But at last part of the journey was made 

the date of Israel Morey's settlement upon the ice of the river, 

in Orford the valley from Haverhill Between Charlestown and Orford 

to Charlestown was almost an un- at that time there had been few 

broken wilderness. attempts at settlement. In Lebanon 

Whether he had by previous explo- there were two families, in Hanover 

ration satisfied himself of the value of two, and in Lyme three young men 

these new lands is not now known, but were clearing land. Arriving in 

in the autumn of 1765, with their Orford, they found John Mann and 

three surviving children, the youngest wife and Richard Cross, who had 

being but six weeks old, Israel and established themselves near the river. 



Colonel Israel Morey 



55 



The land selected by Morey em- 
braced a large part of the fertile plain 
upon which the village of Orford 
stands, and here he built his first rude 
habitation. In the summer the set- 
tlement was augmented by the arrival 
■of several families from the region 
whence Mann and Morey had come. 
Four years later the colony numbered 
125 persons, a hardy, vigorous stock. 

The natural abilities of Israel 
Morey easily made him the most 
prominent man in the new settlement. 
He was active, far-seeing, and pos- 
sessed that honesty and tact which 
win confidence. He built the first 
gristmill, and was one of the first 
selectmen. He was the first justice 
of the peace, and one of the original 
members of the church. Within a 
year after his arrival he began the 
purchase of land, and acquired suffi- 
cient influence to cause himself to be 
entered as a proprietor in the charters 
of several newly granted towns. By 
this means and by the purchase of 
"rights," he became the owner of 
thousands of acres of wild lands. 
These transactions, extending over 
a wide territory, conducted with 
prudence and good judgment, made 
him favorably known to all the prom- 
inent men along both sides of the 
river. 

He also became agent for land 
proprietors on the seaboard who had 
purchased large tracts of wild land in 
the new country, and were interested 
in their development We find him 
engaged in transactions of many differ- 
ent kinds. 

Thus in 17G6 he became 'the agent 
for the ninety-one original proprietors 
of the township of Ryegate, Vt., and 
sold the land the next year to John 
Church and Rev. Dr. Witherspoon. 
In 1771 we find his name, as justice 
of the peace, appended to a call 
authorizing the inhabitants of Pier- 
mont to assemble and form a town 
government. 

Israel Morey first came into general 
notice in his attempt to secure the 
establishment of Dartmouth College 
at Orford or Haverhill. It would 



seem that, on learning of the inten- 
tion of Doctor Wheelock to remove 
his Indian school, his previous ac- 
quaintance with Wheelock induced 
Morey to use his influence with the 
principal men in the valley toward 
that end. We find him writing to 
Doctor Wheelock as early as 1767, 
setting forth the advantages of either 
town. It is probable that their 
confidence in Morey's opinion of the 
value that the college and its founder 
would be to the country induced the 
leading men in the valley to offer 
their solicitations and their proffers 
of land and money. He was deputed 
by them to go to Connecticut and 
wait upon Doctor Wheelock with the 
subscription papers. 

It was the hope and desire of the 
principal men in the Coos country 
that the college should be located 
at Haverhill or Orford, either location 
being acceptable to Governor Went- 
worth and the English supporters of 
the proposed institution. These ne- 
gotiations, in which several parties 
took a hand, and in which many con- 
flicting interests were displayed, ex- 
tended through nearly three years, 
toward the end of which the Orford 
interest was thrown in favor of 
Haverhill as the site. It does not 
appear, however, that Morey was 
offended at the final selection of 
Hanover. He is known to have re- 
mained a friend of the college and 
its president. 

But it is as a military man that 
Israel Morey is remembered, and 
that, without ever having seen service 
in the field. Military organization 
kept pace with settlements in New 
England, from the first. The fre- 
quent wars with the Indians, and the 
fear of them which was constant even 
in the times of peace, rendered mili- 
tary discipline necessary. The farms 
of a new settlement had hardly be- 
gun to emerge from the forest before 
the men organized themselves into a 
military company. Thus in Haver- 
hill and Newbury in 1764, while there 
could hardly have been forty able- 
bodied men in both towns, which had 



56 



The Granite Monthly 



been settled but two years, they were 
organized into a company, whereof 
Jacob Kent was commissioned a 
captain by Governor Wentworth. 
This company was the nucleus of a 
regiment on the west side of the river 
which was long commanded by three 
Jacob Kents in succession, father, 
son and grandson. The first mili- 
tary company organized in Orford 
was commanded by Israel Morey. 
It formed a part of the "Twelfth 
Regiment of Foot," whose first colonel 
was John Hurd of Haverhill. The 
companies of this regiment were 
drilled at stated times, and had 
acquired a considerable degree of 
military discipline at the breaking 
out of the Revolutionary War. 

Before considering the phases of 
that struggle in the Ccos country 
we will do well to glance at the state 
of that part of New England, and 
the character of its leading men. 
Thirteen years had now passed since 
settlements began at Haverhill and 
Newbury, and they had been, in' the 
main, prosperous ones. Hundreds of 
farms, in the valley had been cleared 
for cultivation. The people Avere 
growing rich in flocks and herds, the 
ground brought forth plenteously, 
the country was rapidly filling up 
with settlers, and there was a ready 
market for all the farmers could raise. 
Not only was there a constant immi- 
gration from the older settlements 
along the coast, but colonies from 
Scotland, a hardy, sterling stock, had 
begun to settle Ryegate and Barnet 
under the leadership of James White- 
law and Alexander Harvey. Dart- 
mouth College had been established 
at Hanover, and around it had 
gathered a group of remarkable men. 
Indeed, along both sides of the river, 
the average of wealth and intelligence 
was very high. Several graduates of 
Harvard and Yale had settled in the 
valley. Many of the most prominent 
citizens had seen service in the French 
and Indian War. The chief of these 
was Col. Jacob Bayley of Newbury, 
the value of whose service in the 
Revolutionary War can hardly be 



overestimated. Others were Tim- 
othy Bedel and John Hazen of Haver- 
hill, Charles Johnston of the latter 
town and his brother Robert of New- 
bury, and Jacob Kent. These were 
men of wide influence. Col. John 
Hurd of Haverhill and Col. Asa 
Porter were men of eminent ability. 
Of the latter Arthur Livermore says: 
"It would not be easy to find his 
equal among his numerous descend- 
ants." Rev. Peter Powers of New- 
bury was eminent for his ability and 
his piety. It was among these men 
that the emergencies of the times 
called Israel Morey to take a place. 

His first public service outside of 
the Connecticut Valley was as the 
representative from several towns in 
the congress which met at Exeter, 
December 21, 1775, and he was one 
of the committee of thirteen appointed 
on the 26th of the same month" "to 
draw up a plan of government during 
the contest with great Britain." On 
this committee he was associated 
with such men as Matthew Thornton 
and Meshech Weare, and they framed 
the first form of civil constitution for 
the government of New Hampshire. 
By the same congress he was chosen 
as an associate justice of the Court 
of Common Pleas for Grafton County. 
This position upon the committee 
shows the estimation in which he 
was held by the principal men in the 
state. 

He was also chosen, with Colonel 
Hurd, to enlist companies, muster 
soldiers and pay them; deliver com- 
missions, and give orders to the 
several companies of rangers. Pre- 
vious to this date he was appointed 
colonel of the regiment which had 
before been commanded by Col. 
John Hurd. 

The dangers which threatened the 
Coos country were many ami great. 
It lay in the direct road from Canada 
to the sea coast. So prosperous a 
community could not escape the keen 
observation of the Canadian author- 
ities. Should New England be in- 
vaded, it would be seized upon, and 
made the base of operations, and its- 



Colonel Israel Morey 



57 



stores of grain, its cattle and sheep 
would become the prey of the enemy. 
and the labor of years would be 
destroyed in a day. The peril was 
great, but the people met the danger 
with prudence and resolution. 

It is not the intention of this paper 
to relate the military history of the 
Coos country during the war. While 
the eyes of all men were turned 
toward Gen. Jacob Bay ley of New- 
bury, Col. Charles Johnston of Haver- 
hill and Col. Peter Olcott of Norwich, 
as the men to conduct military opera- 
tions, Bayley, Johnston and Olcott 
recognized the business experience, 
honesty and popularity of Israel 
Morey as fitting him for an obscure 
but necessary task. To him was 
committed the raising and drilling 
of men; the collection of horses, 
grain and food for the campaigns; 
the disbursement of money, and the 
thousand details of war. He kept 
his regiment in readiness for the field, 
and we constantly read of details 
from it for active service; of men, at 
one time forty-three; at another, 
sixteen; at another, twenty-eight; 
and so on. At the time of Burgoyne's 
expedition he seems to have been 
everywhere, recruiting men, forward- 
ing supplies, and keeping up the 
lines of communication. It is not 
believed that he visited the field of 
conflict in person, although he must 
have followed close behind the last 
levies, which were sent to overthrow 
Burgoyne. 

His service during the later years 
of the war was mainly confined to 
the equipment and drilling of men, 
and the patroling of the wilderness 
between the Coos country and Canada. 
The military road, commonly known 
as the Hazen Road, from Newbury 
to Canada line afforded a means by 
which scouting parties could be sent 
northward. By means of scouts the 
authorities of the Coos country were 
kept informed of all that went on along 
the frontier, and a second expedition 
from Canada to overthrow New Eng- 
land, though often threatened, was 
never begun. The frontier w'as so 



closely watched that no expedition 
strong enough to do much harm ever 
penetrated to the settlements. 

It is with Israel Morey's connection 
with the Vermont controversy that 
we have lastly to deal. So much 
has been written upon the subject 
that w r e need not go into details. It 
is only necessary to present the case 
as it appeared to the residents of the 
Connecticut Valley. 

In 1764 New York asserted its 
claim to all the territory between 
Connecticut River and Lake Cham- 
plain, and its inhabitants, who had 
hitherto considered themselves as a 
part of the Province of New Hamp- 
shire, found themselves transferred 
to the jurisdiction of another province, 
whose seat of government lay upon 
the Hudson. The residents of the 
western part of the Grants rose in 
rebellion. But the residents of the 
Connecticut Valley were not molested 
by the New York authorities, and 
while dissatisfied were quietly await- 
ing the outcome. The proprietors 
of Newbury secured themselves from 
all molestation from that quarter by 
taking out a new charter from New 
York, which confirmed to them all 
the privileges granted by the charter 
of Wentworth. What Newbury had 
done other towns might do, and 
matters on the west bank of the river 
went on very much as they had done 
before. 

But on the east side of the river 
the dissatisfaction with their situa- 
tion was great and increasing. It 
was the policy of the ruling powers in 
New 7 Hampshire to keep the state 
under the central body of politicians 
known as the Exeter party. They 
viewed with apprehension the rapid 
growth of the settlements along the 
Connecticut, which threatened to 
become more populous than the 
eastern part of the state. Several 
actions of the Legislature had tended 
to keep the representation of the 
western counties as small as possible. 

The dissatisfaction was greatest 
among those settlers who had come 
from Connecticut, and had distrib- 



58 



The Granite Monthly 



uted themselves about equally along 
both banks of the river. The inhab- 
itants of the valley had common 
interest, knowing and caring little 
for the plans of the Exeter party. 
The river was hardly a boundary 
between them, and they felt that the 
common interest demanded that these 
communities should be kept together 
under one government. The con- 
stitution adopted by the new state 
of Vermont was so much more liberal, 
that the majority of the settlers in 
sixteens towns on the east side of the 
river were persuaded to elect repre- 
sentation to the convention which 
met at Windsor, March 13, 1778, 
and ask for the admission of their 
towns to the new state. Colonel 
Morey was one of the leaders in 
this enterprise, and broke completely 
from his old associates of the Exeter 
party. 

The majority of the inhabitants 
of the valley favored any reasonable 
proposal which should keep them all 
under one government. So many 
conflicting interests influenced the 
leaders, and the changes of the times 
were so rapid that it is not possible 
at this lapse of time to state every- 
thing with precision. The distrust 
which in 1778 Gen. Jacob Bay ley felt 
for the Aliens and their associates, 
led him and his followers to favor the 
admission of towns enough on the 
east side of the river to counterbal- 
ance the influence and numerical 
strength of the Bennington party in 
the new state. 

It is remarkable how many interests 
the people in the valley had at stake. 
They were engaged in making homes 
for themselves in the wilderness; 
they were protecting the frontier 
from invasion; they were constantly 
sending men to the seat of actual 
war, and at the same time were 
engaged in political strife. But when 
danger threatened, politics were laid 
aside. Morey retained his command 
of the twelfth regiment, his services 
being too valuable to be dispensed 
with, and he was marked out by the 
Canadian authorities as one of the 



men who were especially to be feared. 
There were leading men in the valley 
at that time whom the British could 
depend upon to desert the American 
cause the moment success seemed 
hopeless, but Morey was not one of 
them. His energetic leadership in 
military affairs caused his retention 
of command during several years, 
after he had adopted the views of the 
"college party." This party favored 
the erection of a new state in the 
valley of the Connecticut, north of 
Massachusetts, which should embrace 
all the towns whose waters drained 
into that river, whose political and 
geographical center would be near 
Dartmouth College. 

We can hardly suppose that the 
leaders in this scheme really expected 
that Congress would permit the admis- 
sion of such a state against the pro- 
tests of the commonwealth from 
which it had been carved. We find 
it easier to believe that their scheme 
was tentative in the direction of 
securing better terms for the river 
towns from both New Hampshire 
and Vermont. This plan of a new 
state was short lived, and what is 
known as the "Second Union" had 
a lease of life almost as brief. 

When the state of Vermont actually 
took possession of a portion of the 
state of New Hampshire by holding 
a session of its General Assembly at 
Charlestown, one of the first acts of 
the New Hampshire authorities was 
to dismiss Colonel Morey from the 
command of the twelfth regiment. 

He was so much wounded with the 
treatment he had received from the 
state in return for his distinguished 
services, that he could not bring 
himself to remain longer a resident of 
New Hampshire. He removed at 
once, and permanently, to Fairlee, 
on the west side of the river, where 
he had large interests, having built 
the first mills, and had conducted a 
ferry between Fairlee and Orford 
ever since the settlement of the towns. 
His services in civil and military 
affairs in Vermont were many and 
valuable. He was assistant judge 



Colonel Israel Morey 



59 



of the County Court for four years, 
and a member of the General Assem- 
bly for nine years. The value of his 
military experience was recognized 
by his appointment in 1787 to the 
command of the fifth brigade of 
militia, and he held the command till 
1794, when he withdrew from military 
life by the following dignified letter 
of resignation: 

"Sir: I have for nearly twenty years served 
my Country in the military department. I 
am now so far advanced in life that I wish 
for leave to resign my office as Brigadier Gen- 
eral in the Second Brigade and Fourth Divis- 
ion of the Militia. I think, Sir, it would be 
for the interest of the Br'gade which I have 
the honor to command that I should resign 
at this time. I therefore request from your 
Excellency that you would be pleased to accept 
it. I have the honor to be your Excellency's 
most obedient and humble servant, 

" Israel Morey. 

"Rutland, October 18, 1794. 

" His Excellency, Thomas Chittenden." 

More fortunate than many of his 
contemporaries. General Morey lived 
to enjoy the reward of his labors. 
Blessed with a competence, his chil- 
dren settled around him, his old age 
was singularly happy. Men who 
were old thirty years ago remembered 
him riding about the peaceful lanes 
and roads of Orford and Fairlee, 
mounted on a white horse, dressed in 
a red military cloak, his white hair 
falling down upon his shoulders, 
pausing for a leisurely conversation 
with his friends. A curious contro- 
versy which arose between him and 
the celebrated Nathaniel Niles, who 
settled not far from him in Fairlee, 
was the cause of considerable amuse- 
ment at the time, and the memory 
of it survived long after both men 
were dead. He retained to the last 
his love of the House of God. Al- 
though living at some distance from 
the church, he was seldom absent, 
whatever the weather, declaring that 
"no man was ever made sick by going 
to meeting." 

He died at the house of one of his 
sons in Orford, and a plain slab of 
slate from which time and storm have 



partly obliterated the inscription, 
marks his grave. 

Israel and Martha Morey had five 
sons and two daughters, all superior 
people, to one of whom pertains a re- 
markable interest. The sons were— 
Israel who served in the Revolu- 
tionary War, and rose to a high 
position in the militia; Samuel; 
Moulton, who graduated at Dart- 
mouth College, and became an associ- 
ate justice of the supreme court; 
William and Darius. Of three of his 
children no descendants are known to 
be living, while one lady now in 
Fairlee and one in Orford are the 
only representatives of the lineage 
of General Morey in this part of the 
country. 

The sons of Israel Morey inherited 
not only the sterling qualities of their 
father, but a certain genius which was 
a common inheritance in the families 
of both of their parents. Samuel, 
the second son, was one to whom fate 
has been unkind. He was by nature 
an inventor. While yet a young man 
he began experiments upon the expan- 
sion of steam, and set his mind upon 
the problem of steam navigation. 
He had long operated his father's 
ferry between Fairlee and Orford, 
and sought in some way to harness 
the power of steam to the task. The 
result of a series of experiments was 
communicated by him to Professor 
Silliman, who encouraged his genius. 
In 1793 he constructed a small engine 
which propelled a boat by means of a 
paddle wheel, on the river, between 
Fairlee and Orford. The model of 
the engine and boat he sent to New 
York and, among those who saw the 
invention were Robert Fulton and 
Chancellor Livingston. 

In Morev's original boat the paddle 
wheel was placed in the prow, and 
drew the boat instead of propelling 
it. At the suggestion of Fulton the 
wheel was placed in the stern and 
other changes were made. According 
to the repeated statements of Samuel 
and his brother Israel, Fulton went 
to Fairle? and acquainted himself 
with the manner of propulsion adopted 



60 The Granite Monthly 

by Morey, in the boat which the By the gift of Mrs. Amelia S. 

brothers had constructed. Samuel Kibbey of Fairlee, a grandniece of 

Morey applied for and received a the inventor, the Vermont Historical 

patent for his steamboat, and the Society is now the possessor of the 

Letters Patent, dated March 25, 1795, original model of the engine which 

signed by George Washington, are Morey invented to move his boat, 

now in possession of the New Hamp- "It is a mechanical curiosity, which 

shire Historical Society. He also in the absence of illustrations, defies 

published a philosophical pamphlet, intelligent description. It is a rotary 

now very rare. engine, the cyliner being balanced on 

According to the statement of a standard above the boiler, and 
Captain Morey, he went to New York revolving horizontally. From the 
with an improved model of his inven- disc, upon which the engine is attached 
tion but was treated by Fulton and to the standard, the power is corn- 
Livingston with coldness and neglect, municated. The ingenuity of this 
the former having, on a previous device for doing in a roundabout way 
occasion, acquired from him all the}' what was subsequently done through 
desired to knoAV. This treatment and a stationary cylinder and a piston 
the theft of his idea, cast a shadow of rod connecting with a crank or 
bitterness over a most genial tempera- walking beam, commands the admir- 
ment. He believed that the honors ation of the observer." 
and emolument which were heaped When we consider that it was the 
upon Fulton should have been his. work of a young man in the backweods 
It is certain that the idea of steam of North America, in 1793, who had 
navigation was then at work in sev- never seen a steam engine or the 
eral minds both in America and model of one, we marvel at his 
Europe. But it is also certain that genius, and lament that his ingenuity 
Samuel Morey propelled a boat by was not rewarded by fame and for- 
steam on the Connecticut between tune. 

Fairlee and Orford in 1793, years before A beautiful lake in the town of 

Fulton's successful experiment. Fairlee is called after the inventor, 

Had he comprehended the value and the traveler upon a small steam- 

of his own invention, and had he boat of modern construction which 

found such a wealthy and powerful plies upon its waters, is told that 

patron as Fulton found in Chancellor beneath its waves rests a boat built 

Livingston, Samuel Morey and not by Samuel Morey which contains 

Robert Fulton would be hailed as the the first engine ever employed in 

father of steam navigation. steam navigation. 



AFTER THE STORM 

By Maude Gordon Roby 

(" We shall all be changed, in a moment, in the twinkling of an eye. "J 

From my window a beautiful picture I view, 

For God has painted the World anew. 

And while we slept the long night thru 

The Angels just scattered the snow like dew, 

All over the thorns and the roses, too, 

And the World, my World is white and true. 

Then I ponder: If God in his mercy and grace 
Covers alike the pure and the base 
With a shimmering mantle of Heavenly lace— 
Won't he cleanse the black of our hearts, and erase 
The wrongs we have done as the years flew apace? 
For we often forget — we are here in His place. 



THE YACHT BUILDERS 

By Hannah B. Merriam 

With active brain and ready thought, 
Our willing hands have deftly wrought 
From wood andaron, hemp and steel, 
A cunning craft from sail to keel. 
With heads to plan and hearts to please 
We give her canvas to the breeze. 

Outstripped by none, on, on we glide 
No fear have we from air or tide, 
Store-house and shop are hid from view 
Our careworn hearts their youth renew; 
Past wooded hills and scented trees 
Our glad yacht glides with swan-like ease. 

The skies are taking evening hue; 
Our boat at home will soon be due. 
Now let each heart its tribute pay 
To One who guides us on our way. 
Who beckons on to broader seas. 
Mid fairer scenes than brighten these. 



TELL ME! OH GOD! 

By Stewart Everett Rowt 

1 wonder at the strange, strange things I dream 
About this life and all that gives it breath; 
Tell me! Oh God of Life and God of Death, 
If Life and Death are really what they seem! 
When night comes on, shall I still sec a gleam 
That speaks of days to come without an end,— 
Of days on which no darkness will descend? 
Tell me! Oh God about these things I dream! 

I wonder what it is that whispers low. 

Yes. low and sweet, but still distinct and plain 

And seems to say that all is for the best? 

Tell me! Oh God! That I may learn and know 

Just why I toss in sadness and in pain 

And fail so oft to find a peaceful rest! 



NEW HAMPSHIRE NECROLOGY 



DR. SAMUEL H. GREENE 

Samuel Henry Greene, M.D., one of the 
most prominent and best-known physicians 
of southeastern New Hampshire, died at his 
home in the town of Newmarket, December 
17, 1911. 

Doctor Greene was a native of Newmarket, 
a son of Simon P. and Sarah A. (Smith) 
Greene, born February 12, 1837. His parents 
removed to Boston when he was seven years 
of age, but five years later his father died and 
he returned with his mother to Newmarket, 
where he attended school for a time, He also 
pursued his studies at the Pittsfield, Gilman- 
ton and Atkinson Academies, and, later, 
spent three years in New York and Wiscon- 
sin. Returning home, he entered upon the 
study of medicine, attending lectures at the 
Dartmouth and Harvard Medical Schools, 
graduating from the latter in 1860. He 
immediately commenced practice in Durham, 
where he continued six years, then purchasing 
the practice of Dr. William Folsom in his 
native town, in which he continued through 
life, attaining a large practice and a high 
reputation for skill and devotion. In the 
homes of the poor as well as the rich he was 
welcomed in time of distress, as a "ministering 
angel," and with him there was no distinction 
of persons in this regard. 

Doctor Greene was a Republican in politics 
and active in town affairs, holding nearly all 
the offices in the gift of his townsmen, includ- 
ing those of representative, selectman, and 
member of the school board. He also served 
eight years as postmaster, under the admin- 
istrations of Presidents Arthur and Harrison. 
He was an active member of Rising Sun Lodge 
No. 47, A. F. & A. M., of Newmarket, a 
charter member of Piscataqua Lodge, N. E. 
O. P., and a member of Lamprey River 
Grange, P. of H. 

He married, July 2, 1860, Mallie R. Baker 
of Newmarket, who survives, with one son, 
Walter Bryant. 

HARRY S. PARKER 

Harry Stanley Parker, born in Wolfeboro, 
February 18, 1832, died at Farmington, Jan- 
uary 16, 1912. 

He was the son of Samuel Sewall Parker, 
educated in the schools of his native town, 
and in early life learned the trade of a shoe- 
maker. On March 30, 1854, he was united 
in marriage to Miss Hester A. Stevens, . 
daughter of Capt. Manly Stevens of Lisbon. 
Soon after, the couple purchased a farm in 
Wolfeboro on which they lived until 1867 
when they removed to Farmington The 
children born to Mr. and Mrs. Parker num- 
bered ten, only four of whom are now living: 
Samuel Sewall Parker, a lawyer in Farming- 
ton; Mrs. Nellie S. Nute, wife of United 



States Marshal E. P. Nute of Farmington; 
Percy F. Parker, a merchant in Spokane, 
Washington; and Ned L. Parker, a mer- 
chant in Farmington. 

For many years after locating in Farm- 
ington Mr. Parker was engaged in some 
branch of the shoe industry. In politics he 
was a staunch Democrat, and was, up to 
within a few years, an active and interested 
participant in the political affairs of the town. 
He was honored by his fellow townsmen by 
a seat in the state legislature in 1869 and 
again in 1877-78. He also served the town 
for several years as moderator, and was a 
member of the board of education for three 
years. In 1885 he was appointed postmaster 
of Farmington by President Cleveland, which 
office he conducted for four years with ability 
and fidelity. He was a most popular and 
public-spirited citizen, with a wide circle of 
friends in his own and surrounding towns. 
He was the only remaining charter member 
of Harmony lodge, Knights of Pythias, and 
was a Mason of fifty-six years' standing. 

MARY CLEMENT LEAVITT 

Mrs. Mary Clement Leavitt, noted Tem- 
perance worker, for twenty years honorary 
life president of the World's Woman 's Christian 
Temperance Union, a native of the town of 
Hopkinton, born September 22, 1830 died 
at her home, 18 Huntington Avenue, Boston, 
February 5, 1912. 

She was the daughter of Rev. Joshua and 
Eiliza (Harvey) Leavitt, and was educated 
in the district school, at Thetford, Vt., Acad- 
emy and the Massachusetts State Normal 
School at Framingham, from which latter 
she graduated in 1851 as the valedictorian of 
her class. She was an assistant teacher in the 
Boylston Grammar School in Boston, from 
1854 to 1857 in which year she married 
Thomas H. Leavitt of Thetford. From 1867 
to 1881 she conducted a private school in 
Boston, meantime taking a deep interest in 
the Temperance cause and aiding in the or- 
ganization of both the Boston and the Massa- 
chusetts W. C. T. U., being a member of the 
executive board of the latter. Subsequently 
she became lecturer of the National organiza- 
tion and was secretary of the same from 1883 
to 1891, during which time she journeyed 
around the world, organizing Unions in every 
land, her journeying aggregating more than 
200,000 miles — a record unsurpassed in any 
line of missionary effort. She spoke ta 
people, through interpreters, in more than 
fifty different languages, including the fol- 
lowers of Mahomet, Buddha, Zoroaster and 
Confucius, as well as members of the Greek,. 
Roman and other churches. 

She was a voluminous writer upon tem- 
perance and kindred topics, and her sketches 
and poems appeared in various publications.. 



New Hampshire Necrology 



63 



EDWIN F. READ 

Edwin Forbes Read, born in Swanzey, 
March 5, 1819, died in SomerviUe, Mass., 
January 23, 1912. 

He was the youngest of eight children of 
Josiah P. and Mary (Forbes) Read, an older 
brother being Col. Benjamin Read, long a 
prominent citizen of that town. He was 
educated at the district school and at Apple- 
ton Academy, New Ipswich. He engaged 
in the manufacture of wooden ware at West 
Swanzey where he continued for twenty years, 
during which time he served six years as 
postmaster and once represented the town of 
Swanzey in the legislature, though a Repub- 
lican and the town strongly Democratic. 
Subsequently he resided for a few years in 
Keene, but about 1880 took up his residence 
in SomerviUe, Mass., with a daughter — Mrs. 
Whitcomb, wife of Irvine I. Whitcomb of 
the Raymond & Whitcomb Company, where 
he continued till death. 

Mr. Read married, on June 24, 1841, Miss 
Ambra Stone, daughter of Martin Stone of 
Swanzey, by whom he had two daughters, 
one dying in childhood. He was deeply 
interested in music and in early life was 
director of the choir in the Congregational 
Church at Swanzey Center, of which his 
wife was a member. He was one of the 
managers of the first annual town picnic in 
Swanzey in 1876 — a precursor of the "Old 
Home Day" institution. 

BELA GRAVES 

Bela Graves, born at East Unity June 23, 
1836, died in the house where he was born 
January 21, 1912. 

He was the son of John Graves, was edu- 
cated in the district school and at Newbury, 
Vt., Seminary, and taught school in the winter 
season for a number of years after he was 
eighteen years of age, in his own and neighbor- 
ing towns, He married Emma N. Shepard- 
son of Claremont, October 15, 1862, and 
settled on the home farm where most of his 
life was spent. He was an enterprising and 
successful farmer and was prominent in the 
Grange organization. He was also a member 
of the State Board of Agriculture three 
years, from 1893. 

Politically he was a strong Democrat and 
had been his party's candidate for State 
Senator and various other offices. 

His first wife dying, he married her sister 
Eliza M. Shepardson, November 5, 1873, 
who survives him, as do five children — Mrs. 
E. L. Houghton of Walpole, J. Frank Graves 
of Montana, Grace E., a teacher, Richard C, 
of Newport, and Helen L., at home. 

MRS. JOSEPHINE L. RICHARDS 

Mrs. Josephine L. Richards, a native of 
the town of Raymond, in the eighty-fourth 
year of her age, a daughter of the late Gen. 



Henry Tucker, died, January 23, at West 
Medford, Mass., where her home had been 
for nearly forty years past. 

She was a teacher for many years, serving 
as master's assistant in the Quincy School in 
Boston for sixteen years. She was specially 
interested in botany and a recognized author- 
ity on native wild flowers and ferns. She was 
a life member of the Massachusetts Horti- 
cultural Society. 

EUSTIS J. FLETCHER 

Eustis J. Fletcher, a prominent shoe manu- 
facturer of Brockton, Mass., died in that city 
January 24. 

He was a native of the town of Littleton, 
N. H., born November 24, 1837, a son of 
John and Elizabeth (Taylor) Fletcher. In 
youth he went to Randolph, Mass., where he 
engaged in shoe manufacturing. He served 
in the Fourth Mass. regiment in the Civil 
War. He was foreman in a shoe factory at 
Atlanta, Ga., for a time after the war, and 
later in a factory at North Adams, Mass. 

Removing to Brockton about forty years 
ago he became a partner of Leonard C. Bliss 
and the firm developed the great business 
now carried on by the Regal Shoe Company. 
Subsequently he was a partner in another 
important firm doing business in Brockton, 
but retired some years ago. He was a Mason 
and a member of the G. A. R. He married 
Miss Mary C. Bliss whose death preceded 
his just eleven months. 

LYMAN J. BROOKS 

Lyman J. Brooks, born in Acworth, June 
28, 1832, died in Keene, February 11, 1912. 

Mr. Brooks was a son of the late Dr. 
Lyman and Mary (Graham) Brooks. He 
was educated in the common school and 
Marlow and Kimball Union Academies, and 
graduated from the law department of Albany 
University in 1860. He was for three years 
associated in practice with the late Hon. 
Ira Colby at Claremont, and then received 
an appointment as clerk of the court for the 
County of Sullivan, continuing for nine years, 
when he resigned, and went to East Saginaw, 
Michigan, where he became interested in 
manufacturing. Subsequently he returned 
to New Hampshire, and organized a manu- 
facturing concern at Charlestown, which 
soon removed to Keene and became known 
as the Impervious Package Company, of 
which he had been manager, treasurer and 
president . 

He was a Knight Templar Mason, and had 
been Grand Warden of the Grand Command- 
ery. He is survived by one son, Clarence M., 
of Keene; also by three brothers — George B., 
a lawyer of Saginaw, Mich., Dr. Nathaniel G., 
of Charlestown, and William Erskine of 
Keene. 



EDITOR AND PUBLISHER'S NOTES 



The active participation of Governor Bass 
in the movement looking to the nomination 
of Ex-President Roosevelt as the Republican 
candidate for the presidency at the Novem- 
ber election, and the announced determina- 
tion of a very considerable number of the 
more active leaders of the so-called "Pro- 
gressive" Republican element in the state 
to organize and work for the choice of dele- 
gates from this state to the Chicago conven- 
tion who will give their support to Col. 
Roosevelt, renders it certain that there are 
very lively and exciting times ahead in the 
field of Republican politics in New Hamp- 
shire, however it may be with the Democrats. 
A large proportion of the "old-timers" are 
understood to be firm adherents of President 
Taft, as well as some of those who have acted 
with the "Prregressives," and it is manifest 
that the state cannot be swung into the 
Roosevelt column without earnest and per- 
sistent effort. The excitement aroused over 
the presidential situation tends to divert 
attention from the gubernatorial canvass, so 
that the recent formal announcement of Hon. 
Franklin Worcester of Hollis that he will be 
a candidate for nomination by the Republi- 
cans, at the September primary, for Governor, 
has commanded less attention thus far than 
would ordinarily have been the case. Mani- 
festly the gubernatorial question will be held 
in abeyance for a time in both parties, though 
it is now generally expected that Samuel D. 
Felker of Rochester will be a candidate for 
the Democratic nomination and that he will 
be practically unopposed. 



insuring wholesome competition in trans 
continental traffic, rather than holding the 
city at the mercy of monopoly in that line 
of business. 



Much interest has been awakened in busi- 
ness circles- throughout the state, by the 
movement inaugurated by the management 
of the Grand Trunk Railway, looking to the 
establishment of a tide water terminal in 
the city of Boston and the extension of its 
line through this state, and Massachusetts, 
from White River Junction to that city. 
What the action of the Public Service Coin- 
mission may be, when the question formally 
comes before that body as to the public 
necessity for such extension through the 
state, cannot be predicted by anybody with 
any degree of assurance at present, and it is 
not unlikely to be influenced in some measure 
by the action taken in the State of Massa- 
chusetts; but, on general principles, it would 
seem reasonable that it would be vastly to 
the benefit of New England at large to pro- 
mote the development of the port of Boston 
and the material increase of the business of 
that great New England metropolis, by 



Carrying out the idea of non-partisanship 
in connection with the forthcoming Consti- 
tutional Convention, the suggestion is made 
that it might be well for that body, when it 
assembles next June, to elect a Democrat to 
preside over its deliberations, though a major- 
ity of the members will doubtless be Repub- 
licans. There have been three Constitutional 
Conventions held in the State since the Re- 
publican party came into existence, each of 
which has had a Republican president and 
a Democratic Secretary. Should it be decided 
to reverse this arrangement this year and put 
a Democrat in the chair and a Republican at 
the Secretary's desk, no fault can reasonably 
be found by anybody, provided well equipped 
men are chosen. The WoodsviUe News, edited 
by one of the most stalwart Republicans in the 
State who will himself be a delegate in "the 
Convention, suggests Judge John M. Mitchell, 
who-is to be a delegate from Ward Four, Con- 
cord, along with two prominent Republicans, 
a< a proper man for president of the Conven- 
tion. Of Judge Mitchell's eminent fitness, 
there is, of course, no question. 



While the election of delegates to the Con- 
stitutional Convention does not occur till 
next month, the nominations have already 
been made by the respective parties, sepa- 
rately or in conference, and the composition 
of that body may be pretty accurately deter- 
mined. It is safe to say that so far as a 
majority of the prominent men selected is 
concerned the ascendency is likely to be 
with what is known as the conservative 
element. It often happens, however, in 
conventions as well as legislatures, that new 
men come to the front, command recognition 
and assume leadership, so that it is entirely 
unsafe to predict what the action of the Con- 
vention will be upon any of the various ques- 
tions likelv to come before it. 



Wanted, at this office, a copy of the Gran- 
ite Monthly for September, 1S94 — Vol. 17, 
No. 3 — also copies of Nos. 1 and 2 — January 
and February — and Nos. 9 and 10 — Septem- 
ber and October — Vol. 13, 1890. Any one 
who can forward either or all of the desired 
numbers will be liberally compensated for so 
doing. 




HON. HENRY M. BAKER 



The Granite Monthly 



Vol. XLIV, No. 



MARCH, 191:! New Series, Vol. 7, No. 3 



LEADERS OF NEW HAMPSHIRE 



IX 



Hon. Henrv M. Baker 
By H. C. Pearson 



The records of few of the leaders 
of New Hampshire, past or present, 
can equal in amount and variety of 
useful and distinguished accomplish- 
ment that of Henry Moore Baker, 
almost a half century out of college 
and yet today at the very meridian 
of his career in the point of public 
prominence and appreciation. 

He was born January 11, 1841, 
not many miles from the New Hamp- 
shire state capitol, in the little town 
of Bow, which he always has regarded 
as his home and for which he has 
cherished an affection that has mani- 
fested itself in many ways. He has 
been the president of the local Old 
Home Week association since the 
institution of the festival and has done 
much to make the town's observances 
among the most interesting and 
typical in the state. 

Familiar from boyhood with all farm 
work his membership in Bow Grange, 
Patrons of Husbandry, is to him much 
more than a form and his comprehen- 
sion of the present problems of agri- 
culture in New England is based upon 
actual experience as well as upon 
thought and study. 

By far the largest individual tax 
payer in Bow, Mr. Baker, on town 
meeting day, 1912, gave the town an 
even more direct financial token of his 
interest by offering to erect a ten 
thousand dollar building on his farm, 



on South Street at Bow Mills, 
to place in it his extensive and care- 
fully chosen library and to give the 
whole to the town on condition that 
it make proper provision for its future 
maintenance as a free public library. 

Mr. Baker's American ancestry goes 
back to John Baker, at Charlestown, 
Mass., inl634, and whose sons, grand- 
sons and great-grandsons were re- 
spected residents of Roxbury, Mass. 
Captain Joseph Baker, of the fifth 
generation, married Hannah Lovewell, 
daughter of the gallant Captain John 
Lovewell of Indian wars fame, and they 
settled upon the lands in Pembroke, 
New Hampshire, which had been 
granted to her father for his martial 
services. 

Captain Baker was a member of 
the third provincial congress of New 
Hampshire, which met at Exeter 
April 21, 1775, and was a leader on all 
lines in his section of the state, as 
were his son, Joseph, and his grandson 
James, both of Bow. His great- 
grandson, Aaron Whittemore Baker 
one of the earliest and most active 
advocates in New Hampshire of the 
abolition of slavery and of total ab- 
stinence from alcoholic beverages, 
was one of the founders of the Repub- 
lican party in his section. He mar- 
ried Nancy Dustin, a descendant of 
the heroine, Hannah Dustin, and to 
them four sons were born, Francis 



66 The Granite Monthly 

M., Rufus, John B. and Henry M. of his time, a fact which is proved, 

Baker. among other ways, by the publication 

Henry, the youngest son, attended, of several historical monographs in 
first, the town schools of Bow, and which are remarkably united wealth 
then prepared for college at the aca- of learning, depth of thought and 
demies in Pembroke, Hopkinton and charm of literary style. These quali- 
Tilton. Because of this attendance ties and others were suitably recog- 
and of its neighborhood to his home, nized by Howard University of Wash- 
Mr. Baker has been much interested in ington, of which he has been a trustee 
the ancient and honorable institution since 1906, when it bestowed upon 
of learning at Pembroke, and has been him in 1911 the honorary degree of 
the president of its board of trustees Doctor of Laws. Mr. Baker is a 
since 1904, years during which it has member, among other learned bodies, 
occupied a new home, raised its of the National Geographic Society 
standard and increased its attendance, and of the Anthropological Society. 

Entering Dartmouth College at After leaving Dartmouth, young 

Hanover in 1859, Mr. Baker gradu- Baker studied law for a year in the 

ated in June, 1863, receiving the office at Concord of the late Judge 

degree of Bachelor of Arts, which was Josiah Minot. In 1864 he was ap- 

supplemented in course three years pointed to a clerkship in the war 

later by that of Master of Arts. He department at Washington and to 

is remembered by the college men of the service of the national govern- 

his day as an industrious and facile ment there and subsequently in. the 

student of good rank, who, at the treasury department, he gave the 

same time, was active on lines out- next decade of his life; receiving 

side his books and was popular with gratifying promotions to high grades 

both his mates and his instructors. of trust and responsibility. 

At Dartmouth he was a member While thus engaged he continued, 
of the long-established and famous in such spare moments as were avail- 
Kappa Kappa Kappa secret society able, the study of law, and in 1866 
and since has been honored by elec- was graduated fiom the law depart- 
tion as the head of its organization, ment of Columbian University at 
His interest in and love for his alma Washington, being admitted soon 
mater never have flagged, a fact after to the bar of the District of 
that was recognized by his choice Columbia and in 1882 to practice 
as president of the general association before the supreme court of the 
of the alumni of the college from 1898 United States. 

to 1902; and in one of the best local In 1874 General Baker made the 

branches of that association, that at wise decision to retire from the govern- 

the national capital, General Baker, ment service and give his whole time 

has been an active and loyal worker to the law. His success as a practi- 

and for years its President. During tioner in the national capital, among 

Commencement Week of June, 1913, the picked men of the profession from 

Dartmouth will pay due honor to her all over the country, was immediate 

semi-centennial class of 1863, honor and great and brought him nattering 

that will be richly deserved in the case financial returns. Cases involving 

of this one, at least, of its surviving valuable properties and rights and 

members. large sums of money were fought and 

By nature a student and a lover of won by him in all the courts of the 
books, General Baker has not allowed district, up to and including the su- 
the demands of his professional and preme court of the nation. To the 
public life to deny him the pleasure natural endowment of what might 
and the profit of wide, yet choice, be called a "legal mind," General 
reading. He is one of the best in- Baker added immense industry, un- 
formed and most truly cultured men flagging energy and courage and great 



Hon. Henry M. Baker 



67 



skill in the elucidation of principles 
and the presentation of evidence. 

During these years of his activity 
in Washington Mr. Baker jealously 
guarded his rights of citizenship, 
and scrupulously exercised them, 
never failing to attend town meeting 
and other elections in Bow, his legal 
residence, and exerting himself with- 
out stint to forward Republican poli- 
tical success in New Hampshire. 

He gained his military title by 
service as judge advocate general, 
with the rank of brigadier general, 
on the personal staff of Governor 
Moody Currier in 1886 and 1887. 

In 1890 he was nominated by ac- 
clamation as the candidate of the 
Republican party for state senator 
in the Merrimack district, then one 
of the closest and most hard fought 
in the state, and won by a decisive 
majority and by twice the plurality 
which his party's candidate for gover- 
nor received in that district. 

General Baker was made chairman 
of the judiciary committee of the 
upper branch of the legislature and 
in that capacity did splendid service 
in separating the wheat of desirable 
enactments from the large amount of 
chaff that came up from the lower 
house. He was chairman, also, of 
the important joint special com- 
mittee on the revision, codification 
and amendment of the public statutes. 

In 1905 General Baker yielded to 
the desire of his townsmen and 
returned to the legislature as the 
representative from Bow in the house, 
where he served on the judiciary 
committee and was chairman of the 
committee on national affairs, anhonor 
that was appropriate in view of 
what had in the meantime transpired. 
Returning to the House for a second 
term in 1907, Mr. Baker was made 
chairman of the judiciary committee 
at this very important session, when 
a fresh start was being made in state 
progress, and thus was able to inaugu- 
rate valuable work along several 
lines, notably that of uniformity in 
legislation between New Hampshire 
and other states. 



But in the interval between his 
service in the two branches of the 
state legislature, General Baker had 
enjoyed and deserved the higher honor 
of two terms in the national legis- 
lature at Washington, representing 
there the Second New Hampshire Con- 
gressional District, which he redeemed 
at the election of 1892 from Demo- 
cratic possession, even though that 
was a Democratic year with Cleveland 
elected president, supported by a large 
congressional majority. 

Inspection of the Congressional 
Record shows that General Baker was 
an active and aggressive member of 
the minority and that in the lively 
debates of those days he held his own 
well, profiting not a little from the 
knowledge and experience which his 
years of life in Washington had given 
him. In this Congress, the 53rd, 
he was assigned to the committees on 
agriculture and on militia. 

In 1894 he was re-elected by a 
greatly increased plurality and in the 
54th Congress was recognized by 
appointment on the judiciary com- 
mittee, becoming chairman of one 
of its important sub-committees. In 
this Congress, as in its predecessor, 
General Baker made several eloquent 
and thoughtful speeches upon impor- 
tant issues which were widely cir- 
culated and met with appreciative 
and discerning praise. 

As a speaker, whether in court, in 
congress or on the stump, Mr. Baker 
is clear, convincing and interesting, 
free from bombast, cheap humor and 
appeals to prejudice, and never failing 
to win the respect and consideration 
of his hearers. 

Another important public service by 
General Baker was his representation 
of the town of Bow as its delegate 
to the convention of 1902 to propose 
amendments to the constitution of 
the state. In this convention he was 
chairman of the committee on rules 
and a member of the committee on 
modes of amendment. He took avery 
prominent part in the work of the 
convention, proposing some of the 
most important amendments that 




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55 

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Hon. Henry M. Baker 



69 



were considered and presenting views 
which were, perhaps, in advance of the 
public sentiment of the time, hut 
which since have been shown to he 
sound and desirable. 

It is highly fortunate for the state, 
as well as for his immediate consti- 
tuency, that General Baker was again 
available for choice as delegate to the 
convention which will assemble at 
Concord in June of the present year 
to consider further amendment of 
the constitution. The unanimous 
choice of his town as its representa- 
tive in the gathering, he will go into 
the convention with a record unsur- 
passed by any on the honorable roll 
for experience, equipment and repu- 
tation. His name is mentioned fre- 
quently and favorably in connection 
with* the presidency of the conven- 
tion, a position which he would fill 
with great credit to himself and great 
benefit to the state. 

While General Baker always has 
been a loyal and "regular" Republi- 
can, believing in the principles of the 
party and devoted to its success, he 
was one of the first to see the necessity 
for some reforms within its New 
Hampshire organization and to revolt 
against the domination of the Boston 
& Maine railroad in the state. 
Largely because he was ahead of his 
time in this matter, his candidacies 
for the United States Senate in 1901 
and 1907 were unsuccessful, although 
in them he gave fresh proof of his 
courage, capacity and true patriotism. 

No man has a more sincere love 
for, and a deeper interest in his native 
state than has General Baker for and 
in New Hampshire; a fact which he 
has demonstrated in many ways, 
not the least of which is his intelligent 
study of her history. Long active 
in the work and councils of the New 
Hampshire Historical Society, he was 
its vice-president from 1903 to 1907 
and its president in 1907 and 1908. 

He was president of the New Hamp- 
shire Society of Sons of the American 
Revolution in 1902 and 1903 and 
again from 1908 to-191 1 ; and has been 
Governor of the Society of Colonial 



Wins in New Hampshire since 1908, 
being eligible for such offices through 
the gallant military service of his 
forebears on both sides of his ances- 
tral tree. 

General Baker is a Unitarian in 
religious inclination although his gen- 
erous gifts for good works and right 
causes are ' not distributed on any 
sectarian lines. He is a member of 
the Masonic order, lodge, chapter, 
commandery and shrine, and of the 
Wonolancet club and other social 
organizations. A charming conver- 
sationalist and most agreeable com- 
panion, Mr. Baker adds much to 
the pleasure of any circle which he 
may join. 

During the last few years his per- 
sonality has been much in the public 
eye because of his confidential rela- 
tions with his relative, the late Mrs. 
Mary Baker Eddy, the founder and 
discoverer of Christian Science. Mrs. 
Eddy placed absolute confidence in 
the ability, integrity and loyalty to 
her interests of General Baker, though 
he was not a member of her church; 
and this confidence was attested by 
the terms of her will in which he was 
made executor of her large estate, 
to serve without bond, having been 
during the last years of her life one 
of its trustees. 

To the arduous duties and heavy 
responsibilities of this trust, General 
Baker is adding at this writing an 
active participation in the national 
political campaign, being chairman 
of the executive committee of the 
Taft League of New Hampshire, 
and also is devoting no little time and 
thought to his approaching service 
in the constitutional convention. 

It is a pleasure to his associates, 
and an inspiration to the younger 
among them, to note the unimpaired 
vigor of mind and body, the result of 
right living, high thinking and worthy 
industry, with which General Baker 
discharges today duties as varied and 
important and as weighty in their 
demands as any he has met in the 
long and crowded career here briefly 
sketched. 



A NOTABLE PASTORATE 

By an Occasional Contributor. 



An event, the like of which has not 
occurred in New Hampshire in recent 
years, and rarely, indeed, in earlier 
time, was celebrated in the town of 
Greenland, on Sunday, February 25, 
1912, it being the sixtieth anniversary 
of the ordination and installation of 
Rev. Edward Robie, D. D., as pastor of 



stalled in the pastorate, July 15, 1707, 
continuing till his death, September 8, 
1760, though for the last four years 
of his life he had a colleague, as asso- 
ciate pastor, in the person of Rev. 
Samuel McClintock, D.D., who suc- 
ceeded him, and continued in charge 
till his decease, after a short illness, 




Rev. Edward Robie, D. D. 



the Congregational Church in Green- 
land Village. 

Greenland was originally a part of 
Portsmouth, and was created an 
independent parish in 1703. In July, 
1706, the church was organized, with 
twenty-nine members. The first set- 
tled minister was Rev. William Allen, 
a native of Boston and a graduate of 
Harvard, who was ordained and in- 



April 27, 1804, these first two pas- 
torates covering, as will be noted 
nearly a full century. Dr. McClin- 
tock served for a time as a chaplain 
in the Revolutionary army, and is 
credited with having been present in 
that capacity at the battle of Bunker 
Hill. He was a learned and able man, 
and gained a high reputation as a 
preacher. He was succeeded by Rev. 



A Notable Pastorate 



71 



James Neal, who was ordained and 
installed May 22, 1805, and died July 
18, 1808. There was no settled pas- 
tor from the time of Mr. Neal's death 
until October 27, 1813, when Rev. 
Ephraim Abbott took charge of the 
parish, continuing until dismissal at 
his own request, October 28, 1828. 
Rev. Samuel W. Clark held the min- 
istry here from August 5, 1829, till 
his death August 17, 1847, and Rev. 




Congregational Church, Greenland 

Edwin Holt from March 8, 1848, till 
his dismissal, on account of ill health, 
January 7, 1851. 

On February 25, 1852. Rev. Ed- 
ward Robie, a native of Gorham, Me., 
was ordained and installed pastor of 
this church, and has here continued 
actively in the service to the present 
time. 

Mr. Robie was born in Gorham, 
Me., April 5, 1821, and is, therefore, 
closely approaching his ninety-first 
birthday anniversary. He was the 



eldest child of the late Deacon Thomas 
T. and Clarissa (Adams) Robie, his 
father being a descendant in the sixth 
generation from that Henry Robie, 
born at Castle Donington, England, 
February 12, 1619, who came to this 
country in 1639, and, after brief stops 
at Dorchester and Salem, Mass., set- 
tled in Exeter, where he became a 
member of the voluntary combination 
for governmental purposes, formed 
July 4, 1639, was for some years 
prominent in the affairs of the town- 
ship, serving as selectman in 1649- 
50 ; removed, later, to Hampton where 
he was a leading citizen for many 
years, and where he died, April 22, 
1688. 

He fitted for college at Gorham 
(Me.) Academy, from which he grad- 
uated in 1836, immediately entering 
Bowdoin College at Brunswick, and 
graduating with the class of 1840, at 
the youthful age of nineteen years. 
He took the three years' course at 
Andover Theological Seminary, from 
which he graduated in 1843, and im- 
mediately went abroad, pursuing 
advanced studies for two years in the 
University of Halle, near Leipsig, 
Germany. Returning home he be- 
came teacher of languages in Gorham 
Academy, where he continued till 
1848, when he took a position as 
assistant teacher of Hebrew, at the 
Andover Theological Seminary, con- 
tinuing for three years, meanwhile 
occasionally preaching as a supply. 
Indeed he had supplied the pulpit 
of the Greenland church for several 
months before his installation in the 
pastorate, so that the people were 
making no experiment in his selec- 
tion, and his long continuance amply 
demonstrates the fact that they made 
no mistake. 

The call to the pastorate, extended 
to Mr. Robie, was signed by John G. 
Pickering, Rufus \Y. Weeks and Simes 
Trink, committee for the parish, and 
John T. Parrott, William J. Pickering, 
and John L. Brackett, committee for 
the church. Eleven churches were 
represented by pastor and delegates, 
at the ecclesiastical council holden 



72 The Granite Monthly 

for his ordination and installation, worth, honest citizenship and Chris- 

namely those at Gorham, South Ber- tian manhood. He is a clear thinker, 

wick and Kittery, Me., and Durham, a great reader and close student, and 

Exeter First and Second Churches, his sermons evince a high order of 

North Hampton, Hampton, Rye, scholarship. In 1893, though then 

Great Falls and Raymond, N. H. 72 years of age, he took a special 

Of the nineteen ministers and dele- course at Harvard University, that 
gates composing the council, only one he might more thoroughly master 
—Rev. Solomon P. Fay, then of certain subjects with which he pro- 
Hampton, now of Dorchester, Mass., posed to deal in his sermons. His 
survives, as stated by Dr. Robie in his reputation as a scholar and preacher 
sermon, preached at the recent anni- of the first order of ability, is wide- 
versary occasion. spread, and has been duly recognized. 

At the time of his installation Dartmouth College conferred upon 

there were 36 members of the church, him the honorary degree of Doctor 

and the present membership is 41, of Divinity in 1876, and Bowdoin 

though the population of the town at College, his Alma Mater, similarly 

the last census was but 575, as against honored him in 1894. 

732 in 1850. One hundred and eight December 28, 1852, Dr. Robie was 

members have been added during united in marriage with Susan P. 

Dr. Robie's pastorate, of whom the Jameson, daughter of Rev. Thomas 

greater portion have passed on. Of and Elizabeth (Lord) Jameson, of 

the members at the time of his in- Effingham, N. H., who died, June "12, 

stallation, but one survives — Mrs. 1878, without children. 

Jane Kennard Packer. During his At the recent anniversary observ- 

pastorate, also, Dr. Robie has solem- ance, the Methodist Society — the 

nized 179 marriages, and officiated at only other religious society in town — 

541 funerals, burying almost as many with its pastor, and the townspeople 

people as are now residents of the town, generally with many from adjoining 

In his long ministry Dr. Robie has towns, were in attendance to enjoy 

baptized, married and buried many the exercises, which embraced special 
couples whose children, also baptized . musical features of high order, and to 

at his hands, are now in the midst of testify by their presence their respect 

active life. He has been preacher, and esteem for the venerable pastor, 

pastor, counsellor and friend, an whose life, it is hoped, may be spared 

exemplar in all that makes for true for further years of useful service. 



THE DEAD THRUSH 

By Rev. Thomas H. Stacy, D.D. 

Within my hands I held a wounded thrush 

Until its panting ceased, 

Fell low its trembling wing; 
And then, at set of sun, I buried it 

Beneath the silent trees, 

Where it was wont to sing. 

Who cares to know where lies the buried thrush? 

Who miss its song divine, 

When dies the summer day? 
Rewards? And are there none for such as sing 

To lift a human life, 

And speed it on its way? 



BEAUTIFUL WASHINGTON 



By Harry V. Lawrcnn 



One Thursday afternoon in May 
I left Boston at 3 p. m., and arrived 
in New York at 9 o'clock in the even- 
ing. At the Grand Central Station 
I found my old friend, Mr. Frederick 
A. Gill, who was the best banjo 
player in Harvard College some years 
ago, and we went up town to his 
bachelor quarters, after getting a 
little lunch. 

On the way up town I asked my 
friend if he knew where "One Minute 
Street" was located, and, he informed 



class nine from The College of the 
City of New York. I shall never 
forget this afternoon as my friend 
was the scorer, and, before the game 
ended up in an argument, T thought 
I was lucky to get away with my 
life. At about 9 p. m. I left Jamaica 
and arrived at Mr. Gill's quarters, 
about two hours later, where I spent 
the night. Saturday morning I left 
New York and went to Jersey City, 
and waited for a party of New Eng- 
land people who were to take a train 




The Capitol, Washington 



me that he had never heard of it 
before. I hated to do it, but, I had 
to tell him that it was "Sixty Second 
Street." After a good talk we re- 
tired, and Friday morning I went to 
Jamaica, Long Island, to find another 
old friend, Mr. Edward C. Chicker- 
ing, a former resident of Exeter, 
N. H., who has recently written "An 
Introduction To Octavia Prsetexta." 
Going to the Jamaica High School 
I found Mr. Chickering with his 
pupils, and in the afternoon we vis- 
ited the ball grounds to witness a 
game between Jamaica High and a 



for Washington. Unfortunately their 
boat was held up by a fog in Long 
Island Sound and the result was, that 
the railroad authorities had to put 
on a special train and take us to Phil- 
adelphia. In going around a curve 
near Newark, N. J., our engineer set his 
"air brakes" very quickly, as there was 
a factory fire near the track, and an ex- 
cited crowd in the vicinity. "We ar- 
rived in Philadelphia at noon and then 
had our dinner in the rear of the Broad 
Street Station. As I was alone, a 
waiter seated me at the end of the 
very long table and some of the tour- 



74 



The Granite Monthly 



ists seemed to think I had charge of 
the party. I thought it would be 
all right to have a little fun with them, 
so I kept up this deception for a short 
time before they "got wise" to my 
little game. 

After dinner several of us visited 
an art gallery and then we watched 
the gold-braided "cops" handle the 
street traffic, while we waited for our 
train. These Philadelphia "cops" 
are slow-going fellows, but, they have 
got the teamsters "eating out of their 
hands." 

At three o'clock we left Philadel- 
phia and arrived at the National Cap- 



Avenue and took one long look at the 
building he "took it all back." On 
early charts the Capitol was called 
"Congress Hall," but this name was 
given up. The first work in connec- 
tion with the Capitol was performed 
by four foreigners, William Thorton, 
a native of the West Indies, Stephen 
Hallet, a Frenchman, George Hadfield 
an Englishman, and James Hoban, 
an Irishman. The corner-stone of 
the Capitol was laid by President 
Washington, September 18, 1793. 
The first native American among the 
Capitol architects was Charles Bul- 
finch, of Boston, who built the ro- 




Congressional Library Building 



ital in time for supper at the Metro- 
politan Hotel. My first move was 
to remove my vest, as it was quite 
warm in Washington, and not at all 
like Boston weather the first of May. 
After a night's rest at our hotel, sev- 
eral of us went to the Capitol, Sunday 
morning, and, I think that almost 
every American who visits Washing- 
ton has a feeling of pride after an in- 
spection of this magnificent struc- 
ture. It is said that a man from the 
West told his friends, while on the 
way to Washington, that he thought 
it was a great waste to put so rruch 
money into building the Capit< i, but. 
after he arrived on Pennsylvania 



tunda, the old dome and the library. 
On December 2, 1863, Crawford's 
"Goddess of Liberty" took her stand 
upon the summit of the dome, and this 
crowning statue overtops the streets of 
Washington by over four hundred feet. 
Around this building are fifty acres of 
lawn and park and the Capitol itself 
covers three and one-half acres of 
ground. If one looks down Pennsyl- 
vania Avenue at the eight million 
pound dome poised against the back- 
ground of sky, they see a picture that 
is unsurpassed by any of the works of 
modern architecture. A spiral stair 
runs up to the crowning cupola, which 
contains a large lantern, lighted only 



Beautiful Washington 



75 




State, War and Navy Departments 



when Congress is in session. The 
"Goddess of Liberty" above this cu- 
pola is twenty feet high and weighs 
about fifteen thousand pounds. The 
cost of the Capitol, up to this time, 
has been about fourteen millions of 
dollars in all, and is a moderate sum 
when compared with the amounts laid 
out on similar buildings in Albany 
and Harrisburg. 

It seems to me that the Library 
of Congress is, next to the Capitol, 
the most interesting place to visit 
in Washington. This magnificent 
structure was commenced in 1889 and 



completed eight years later at a cost 
of six million dollars. It is a three 
story edifice with dome, construc- 
ted in the Italian Renaissance style 
of architucture and has nearly two 
thousand windows. Every part of 
the wall, ceiling or floor betrays the 
touch of the decorative artist. One 
can not appreciate this library un- 
less they visit it several times, as 
paintings, mosaics and sculpture meet 
the eye on every turn. This library 
has the largest collection of strictly 
law books in the world. It includes 
the most complete single collection 




Corcoran Art Gallery, Washington 



76 



The Granite Monthly 



of Yearbooks (reports of the cases 
decided in the English courts during 
the reigns from Edward I to Henry 
VIII), many early editions of the 
classical treatises on Angle-American 
law, an almost complete collection of 
the first editions of the session laws 
of Rhode Island and Massachusetts, 
and it is developing a good working 
collection of the modern law litera- 
ture of all the countries of the world. 
One afternoon I had a talk with a 
Captain of Police, who was on duty 
at the library, and this man told me 
about the women he came in contact 



be the largest masonry structure in the 
world. The cornerstone was laid in 
1848 and the monument was finished 
in 1884. The original designs were by 
Robert Mills. An iron stairway and 
an elevator afford access to the apex. 
If visitors wish to take the time to walk 
up they can read the interesting tab- 
lets fastened to the inside wall. These 
tablets have been sent to the author- 
ities by different states and historical 
societies. 

While visiting the Senate Chamber 
one morning I had the opportunity of 
hearing Senator Carter of Montana, 




Tomb of Washington, Mount Vernon 



with, and the peculiar things they 
would do while visiting the library. 
He ended up his little talk by saying: 
' ' I have as good a wife as any man, but, 
she does many things I can't account 
for, and I have given up trying." 

Another place of great interest to 
Capital visitors is the Washington 
Monument. It is probably not gener- 
ally known that the first public monu- 
ment to George Washington is now ly- 
ing in ruins on top of a mountain near 
Boonesboro, Maryland. This stone 
tower was dedicated July 4, 1827, by 
soldiers who fought under Washing- 
ton. The present Washington Monu- 
ment is 555 feet high and is said to 



with his quick and snappy Western 
style, Senator Daniel of Virginia, with 
his slow Southern drawl, and Senator 
Gallinger of New Hampshire, who had 
the more conservative Eastern style 
of oratory. 

At the Metropolitan Hotel there 
were more than fifty Senators and 
Congressmen, and it was a treat to 
get at a table with some of these men. 
One night a young Congressman from 
the South, wearing the typical black 
slouch hat these Southern orators al- 
ways wear, was standing in the hotel 
wine room about midnight singing a 
tune I had never heard before. This 
man had evidently taken "a little too 



Beautiful Washington 



1 1 



much," and he was singing: "There's 
a hole in the bottom of the ocean." 

Another very interesting place to 
visit in Washington is the Corcoran 
Art Gallery. This handsome build- 
ing was opened in 1897 and the style 
of architecture is Xeo-Grecian, the 
material being white Georgia marble, 
on a basement of Milford pink granite. 
In connection with the Gallery a free 
school of art is maintained. 

One beautiful afternoon I boarded an 
electric car for Mount Vernon, Vir- 
ginia and, the first thing of importance 



people who have visited this fa- 
mous cemetery realized for the first 
time what the Civil War meant to 
this country. Under oiie stone are 
the bones of 2111 unknown soldiers, 
and in this cemetery are buried over 
16,000 soldiers who fell in the Civil 
War alone. 

Before leaving the Capital City I 
took a ride on a "Seeing Washington" 
car and this trip covers the Capitol, 
Washington Monument, Smithsonian 
Institution, Corcoran Art Gallery. 
Ford's Theatre, Library of Congress, 




Arlington, Old Home of the Lees, Alexandria 



I observed, was the conductor throw- 
ing a negro into the street because he 
tried to steal a ride. After a fine ride 
through Alexandria, w T e arrived at 
Mount Vernon and entered the grounds 
through a gate. Mount Vernon has a 
quiet and peaceful atmosphere and it 
is a beautiful estate. The govern- 
ment maintains a postal station on the 
grounds on account of so many postal 
cards being sent from Mount Vernon. 
After an inspection of the old house 
and the Tomb I returned to Washing- 
ton. 

One afternoon I visited Arlington, 
Virginia, and, I think all those 



State, War and Navy Building, White 
House, Treasury Department and 
many other points of interest to the 
tourist. The young man who had 
charge of this car was a "knocker," 
and, as we approached a large apart- 
ment house, he said: 'This hotel is 
the home of many prominent politi- 
cans, and, its name is, Hotel "Graft- 
on." Near the Smithsonian Institu- 
tion he discovered a young colored 
couple "spooning" under a tree. Just 
as our machine arrived in front of 
this couple, he pointed his finger at 
them, and said: "Here is a good illus- 
tration of the old song, "Under the 



78 



The Granite Monthly 



Shade of the Old Apple Tree." On mac River, I took one long farewell 
a Thursday morning I left Washing- look at "The City of Magnificent 
ton, and as our train crossed the Poto- Distances." 




1 Seeing Washington ' 



ETERNITY 



By Stewart E. Rowe 

I wonder if, off there, Beyond the Sea 

The Sea of Life, now breaking at my[feet — 
I wonder if, beyond its waves, I'll meet 

The One who waits, and waiting, longs for me? 
And yet, perhaps — in years still yet to be, — 

That shall be mine on earth Before the Call — 
Maybe I'll meet the One— My All in All— 

My Birth, my Life, my Death — Eternity! 

So, if not deep within Life's Vale of Tears 

O'er which the sighing Life-Winds moan and toll, 

Then, on that Shore, unwashed by waves of tears — 
Beyond the Sea on which Life's Willows roll — 

I'll meet the One and in the forge of years 

Our lives will blend and form one deathless soul! 



MAJOR RICHARD WALDRON 



[This article, contributed by a member of the Society, was published in the Collections of the N. H. Historical 
Society some thirty years ago, and is here reproduced as of general historical interest.] 



Richard Waldron, or rather Wal- 
dern, as he spelled it, of Dover, was 
born at Afcester, in Warwickshire, 
and was baptized January 6, 1615-16. 
He came to this country in 1635, per- 
haps to see the country; stayed about 
two years, and returned to England, 
where he was married. Before he re- 
turned here he had purchased land 
of Captain Wiggin, the agent of the 
Squamscott patentees, on Dover Neck. 
After his return to Dover he pur- 
chased a large tract of land at Coche- 
cho Lower Falls, where, in 1640, or 
perhaps a little earlier, he established 
his residence. His house and his first 
purchase were on the north side of 
the river. He built the first sawmill 
on the lower falls, and engaged in 
trade with the Indians, thus laying 
the foundation of the settlement long 
known as Cochecho and now the seat 
of business of the flourishing City of 
Dover. 

He continued long actively engaged 
in the business of lumbering, and in 
the Indian trade, both at Dover and 
Penacook. He erected mills both 
on the lower and upper falls, and re- 
ceived large grants of land and timber 
from the town, on terms beyond doubt 
advantageous, the earliest remaining 
being in 1642 and 1643. As the con- 
sideration for one of these grants he 
agreed to erect a meeting house on 
Dover Neck, forty by twenty-six feet 
stud, and to be finished in 1654. The 
records which remain show that he 
was a comparatively wealthy man at 
his emigration, and his business was 
conducted with such prudence and 
judgment that he was a successful and 
prosperous man. 

The births of three of his children 
are recorded in Boston, from which 
it is inferred that he was for a time 
engaged in business there. 

Mr. Waldron was a signer of the 
Combination which is dated October 



22, 1640, his name following next 
after Mr. Larkham's, the minister. 
He was one of the selectmen in 1647, 
when the records commence, and in 
twelve other years, as the recordsshow, 
though in some years the records are 
defective, and for several years he was 
town treasurer. He was elected dep- 
uty from Dover to the General Court 
in 1654, in 1656 to 1663, in 1665 to 
1674 inclusive, and in 1677. In 1675 
he was elected deputy from Saco, 
residence not being a necessary quali- 
fication, and in 1679 he was deputy 
from Kittery. He was often speaker 
of the Assembly, or House of Repre- 
sentatives, being elected to that office 
in 1666, 1667 and 1668, in 1673^-5 
and in 1679. 

Mr. Waldron was elected one of the 
commissioners for the decision of small 
causes in 1654, 1657, 1662, 1666 and 
1667 and was elected an Associate 
[judge] of the County Court in 1650, 
1652, 1653, and 1654 (probably in 
1655 and 1656 when the records are 
deficient,) in 1657 and annually after- 
ward to the close of the Massachu- 
setts government here. He was ap- 
pointed commissioner to sit in the 
county courts of the County of York, 
in Maine, in 1668, and afterwards 
till 1679; and for many years he ex- 
ercised magistratical power both in 
New Hampshire and Maine. And he 
was one of the Commissioners ap- 
pointed in 1668 to receive the sub- 
mission of the towns of Gorges' 
Province. 

As a magistrate his sentence upon 
three fanatical Quaker women, to be 
whipped ten stripes in several towns 
would now be repugnant to every sen- 
timent of humanity and justice. 
While no one doubted his honest de- 
sire to discharge his duty, his death 
was regarded by the Quakers, whose 
numbers there were increased by their 
persecution, as the righteous retri- 



80 The Granite Monthly 

bution of heaven upon a persecutor, ties to the recent treaty at Dover, and 
It maybe said in his excuse that he the residue were Indians of the south- 
was carried away by the excitment of ern tribes, who were allies of Philip, 
the time, for we find in the General and upon his death had fled for secu- 
Court records of Massachusetts, 1662, rity, to their kindred at the eastward, 
8 October, ''In answer to the petition and, according to Indian usage, were 
of the inhabitants of Dover, praying readily received into their tribes. The 
relief against the spreading of the military force of the County of Nor- 
wicked errors of the Quakers among folk, under Major Waldron, and of 
them, it is ordered that Captain Kittery, under Captain Frost, were 
Richard Waldron shall be, and hereby there met. No hint or explanation is 
is, empowered to act in the execution given of the occasion or the pretenses 
of the laws of this jurisdiction against upon which so large and unusual an 
all criminal offenders in the said town assemblage of the natives was gath- 
of Dover, as any one magistrate may ered, or so large a military force was 
do, until this court take further order." collected there. It could not have 
We need no better evidence than the been by accident, and we are left to 
silence of his contemporaries, that his conjecture some ground for it consis- 
conduct as judge, during so many tent with the character of a Christian 
years must have been generally satis- people. It was, as the Indians under- 
factory. stood, a time of profound peace, and 

The records show that Mr. Wal- they considered themselves perfectly 

dron was very often employed on safe, as shown . by the presence _of 

special service for the business of the their women and children. The 

town. He is designated as Captain Massachusetts government had or- 

Waldron as early as 1653, and in 1675 dered their troops to seize all southern 

he was the major and commander of Indians, wherever they could be 

the militia in the County of Norfolk, found. Lile and Hawthorne proposed 

He had the command in the great to seize these Indians by force, but 

Indian war known as King Philip's Waldron, fearing that many would 

War, which commenced in 1675, and escape, contrived a stratagem to ac- 

was active in his efforts for the pro- complish their capture without blood- 

tection of the people. In the follow- shed. He proposed to the Indians 

ing year the Indians, who had suf- to have a sham fight the next day, and 

fered from famine, caused by the se- they agreed to it. The Indians 

verity of the winter, sued for peace formed one party and the white sol- 

and applied to Major Wrddron for his diers another. In the midst of the 

mediation, and a treaty was con- game the whites suddenly surrounded 

eluded at Cochecho, 3d July, 1676, the whole body of the Indians, and 

signed in behalf of the whites by Wal- made them prisoners almost without 

dron, Shapleigh and Daniel, which em- exception, before the Indians were 

braced all the eastern Indians. aware of the intended deception. The 

Soon after some troubles occurred captives were disarmed, the southern 

upon the Kennebeck, and two com- Indians sent to Boston and the others 

panies of troops went in that direction, set at liberty. Of those sent to Bos- 

under the command of Captains Lile ton some five or six were hung and 

and Hawthorne. When they arrived the remainder sold into slavery, 
at Dover, on the 6th of September, Of this transaction different opin- 

1676, there were assembled there ions may, perhaps be entertained. It 

about four hundred of the Indians, is said, and probably with truth, that 

with some of their women and chil- Major Waldron was opposed to the 

dren. They consisted, about one half seizure, both on the ground of poliey 

of them, of Penacooks, who had taken and honor; but the orders of his gov- 

no part in the Philip's war, and Ossi- eminent were imperative, and as a 

p*.es and Pequawketts, who were par- military man he felt bound to obey 



Major Richard Waldron 



81 



them. The Indians never forgave 
him, and, more than twelve years 
after, their vengeance was satisfied by 
his death. 

In the winter of 1077 Major Wal- 
dron had command of an expedition 
against the Indians which was, how- 
ever, attended by no decisive results. 
One of its incidents may be weighed 
in connection with the affair of Sep- 
tember 7. A parley was held at the 
mouth of the Kennebec. It was mu- 
tually agreed to lay aside arms and 
negotiate for the ransom of prisoners, 
but Waldron espied the point of a 
lance under a board, and, searching-fur- 
ther, found other weapons, and, tak- 
ing and brandishing one towards them, 
exclaimed: "Perfidious wretches! 
you intended to get our goods 
and then kill us did you?" They 
were thunderstruck, but one, more 
daring than the rest, seized the 
weapon and attempted to wrest it 
from Waldron's hand. Captain Frost 
seized hold of Meginneway, one of the 
murderers of Brackett and others, and 
dragged him into his vessel; a squaw 
caught up some guns and ran from 
the woods; at that instant a reinforce- 
ment arrived from the vessels, and the 
Indians scattered in all directions, pur- 
sued by the soldiers. Sagamore 
Mattahouse and an old powwow and 
five other Indians were killed and five 
others captured, and some booty 
taken. Maginneway was shot- 
Major Waldron was ever a steady 
supporter of the Massachusetts gov- 
ernment, and was the leader in the 
opposition to the attempts made by 
the King's Commissioners, Colonel 
Nichols, Sir R. Carr and Mr. Maverick, 
in 1665, to establish a separate gov- 
ernment under the royal authority; 
and in 1675 and the following years, 
till the establishment of the Provin- 
cial government in 1680, he was the 
leader of the people in opposition to 
the claim of Mason. With few ex- 
ceptions, his title to his own large 
real estate, lying beyond the limits of 
the Hilton or the Swampscot Patent, 
were derived from grants of the town, 
and the titles of most of his neighbors 



had no other foundation. The inhabi- 
tants of Dover, with one voice, pro- 
tested against the claim of Mason, 
declared they had bona fide purchased 
their lands of the Indians, recognized 
their subjection to the government of 
Massachusetts, etc., and appointed 
Major Waldron to petition the King- 
in their behalf. 

Upon the establishment of the 
Provincial Government, under Presi- 
dent Cutt, in January, 1679-80 
Major Waldron w r as appointed one 
of the Council. The President and 
Councilors were all opposed toMason's 
claim, and friends of Massachusetts. 
"They saw that their appointment 
was not from any respect to them or 
favor to the people; but merely to 
obtain a more easy introduction to 
their new form of government. They 
would gladly have declined acting, 
but, considering the temper of the 
government in England, the necessity 
of submitting to the change, and the 
danger of others being appointed 
upon their refusal, who would be 
inimical to the country, they agreed 
to qualify themselves, determining 
to do what good, and to keep off 
what harm they were able." 

Mr. Waldron accepted the appoint- 
ment with reluctance, and was ap- 
pointed Deputy President of the 
Province, and commander of its 
military forces, consisting then of 
one foot company in each of the towns 
one troop of horse, and one company 
of artillery at the fort. 

President Cutt died on the 27th 
of March, 1681, and Major W T aldron 
succeeded him as President, and 
remained at the head of the govern- 
ment until the arrival of Governor 
Cranfield, on the 4th of October. 
Cranfield had become a mortgagee of 
Mason's interest in the Province, and 
was thus interested in sustaining his 
claims. Waldron had exerted his 
influence against Mason, and in six 
days after Cranfield's arrival he was 
suspended, on frivolous pretext, from 
the Council, but was restored in 
November following. He was ap- 
pointed, 15th February, 1682-3, chief 



82 The Granite Monthly 

judge of the special court constituted they were not y e more bound to believe it 

for the trial of Edward Gove and bec ause the King had writt it. 
others, who were indicted for high Robert Mason, 

treason, for a foolish attempt to Richard Chamberlain, 

oppose the government. The accused Jos - Raynes - 

were convicted and sentenced, but Sworn in Court the 27th September, 1683. 
were pardoned, after a tedious im- R - Chamberlain, Prothonotary. 

prisonment, by the government in 

England. Both these fines Major Waldron 

Major Waldron refused to take a was . compelled to pay by an arrest 

lease of his lands from Mason upon of bis body. 

requisition of the Governor, though . August 24, 1685, a warrant was 

he proposed to refer the matter to the issued for the arrest of Major Waldron 

Governor, that he might state the as a perturber of the peace by R. 

case to the King for his decision, as Chamberlain, as Clerk of the Council, 

directed by his commission, and he directed to Job Clements, constable 

was again suspended from the Coun- of Dover, to be brought before the 

cil. Mason commenced his law-suits Deputy Governor and Council, Sep- 

against the land owners of the tember 1, to find sureties of the peace 

Province by a writ against Waldron and answer, etc. 

for large damages. He appeared in Mr. Waldron was not restored to 

court and challenged the jurors as tne Council and remained without 

interested persons without success, office afterwards, 
some of them having taken leases Though peace continued with the 

of Mason, and all of them living on Indians, yet the garrison houses were 

lands which he claimed. The judge maintained at Dover, as they had 

then caused the oath of Voire dire been during the last war. Of these 

to be administered to each juror, Waldron's was one of the principal, 

that "he was not concerned in the In June 1689 the people of Dover 

lands in question, and that he should became suspicious that the Indians 

neither gain nor lose by the cause;" were unfriendly. Larger numbers 

upon which the Major said aloud to seemed gathering than was usual for 

to the people present, that this was a the purposes of trade. Many strange 

leading case and that if he were faces were among them, whose scru- 

cast they must all become tenants tiny of the defences attracted notice, 

to Mason, and that, all persons in but Waldron could not be convinced 

the Province being interested, none of danger. Vague intimations were 

of them could legally be of the jury." given by some of the squaws to alarm 

The cause, however, went on, but he the whites, which were not then 

made no defence, asserted no title understood. A young man in the 

and gave no evidence on his part, and morning told Major Waldron that 

judgment was given against him. the town was full of Indians and the 

At the next court of sessions he people were much alarmed; but he 

was fined five pounds for mutinous replied he knew the Indians well 

and seditious words, and was further an d that there was no danger; yet 

prosecuted and fined ten pounds for information of the expected attack 

language used by him on a former bad been sent to the Massachusetts 

occasion, as stated in the following government by Major Henchman of 

affidavit: Chelmsford, and they despatched a 

messenger to Cochecho who would 

That upon the 3d day of May, 1681, have arrived in season to have 

Richard Waldron Esq. of Cochecho, then defeated the attempt, but for an 
Deputy President of this Province did unon -a j. i j , ±- o t i 

V* said day, above writt, at StSerrvBank! accidental detention at Salisbury 

declare about y e King's letter, then newly ferry- 
brought over by Robert Mason, Esq... that On the evening of the 27th of June 



Major Richard Waldron 



83 



1689, two squaws, according to the 
previously arranged plan, applied 
to each garrison for leave to sleep 
there, which was often done in time 
of peace; and they were readily 
admitted at Waldron's garrison and 
three of the others. At their request 
they were shown how to open the 
doors if they wished to leave the 
house in the course of the night. No 
watch was kept and the family 
retired to rest. In the hour of deep- 
est quiet the gates were opened, the 
Indians, who were waiting without, 
immediately entered, placed a guard 
at the gate and rushed into the 
Major's apartment. Awakened by 
the noise, he sprang from his bed 
seized a sword, and, though 73 years 
old, drove them through two or three 
rooms; but, returning for other arms, 
they came behind him and stunned 
him with a hatchet. Drawing him 



into the hall, they placed him in an 
elbow chair, on a long table, with a 
derisive cry, "Who shall judge Indians 
now? ' Then they obliged the mem- 
bers of the family to get them some 
supper. When they had finished 
eating they cut the Major across the 
breast with knives, each one with a 
stroke saying, "I cross out my ac- 
count." Cutting off his nose and 
ears they thrust them into his mouth, 
and when he was falling down, spent 
with the loss of blood, one of them 
held his own sword beneath him. 
He fell upon it — and his sufferings 
were ended. In this attack twenty- 
two persons were killed and twenty- 
nine made prisoners. 

Major Waldron's eldest son. Rich- 
ard, was Councilor and Chief Justice 
of the Court of Common Pleas, and 
his grandson Richard, was Councilor 
and Secretary of the Province. 



A MIRROR 



By Emma F. Abbot 

W T hat a change would be wrought on this gray old earth, 

How happy the world would be, 
Were our neighbors always unselfish and kind, 

Helpful and true! But are we? 

If others would live by the golden rule, — 

Never misjudge nor condemn, 
And never gossip, defame nor harm — 

Just as we do by them! 

If they would be generous in a deal, 

Seeking for our best good, 
Instead of a watch for the upper hand, 

Just, as you know, we would! 

Why do some folks rush for the choicest seat 

At a table, car or hall, 
And the next best guard for their coming friends 

As we never do at all? 

Why do they hurry and jostle and crowd? 

Why do they grab for the best, 
And care not who else is pushed out in the cold? 

Do we act so by the rest? 



84 The Granite Monthly 

'Tis strange they should speak in impatient tones 
To those who are dull and slow. 

Why not be even and patient and sweet, 
As we always are, you know? 

'Tis easy to see where our neighbor fails, 

And to criticise him some, 
But there'd be less of relish in the task 

If we had to look at home. 

It would be a source of joy and peace, 

A check to many a fuss, 
Did we never a sermon to others preach 

That is not first preached to us. 

The first among those who have overcome 
Are always the last to condemn, 

By seeking in others to find the best 
We give of our best to them. 

Midst a host of smiles, should a single frown 
Cause us to feel hurt and sad — 

Forgetting the ninety and nine of good, 
Remembering one of bad? 

The things worth while are the things that last; 

'Tis the worthless that decay; 
There are many objects to tempt the time, 

But only a few that pay. 

The whole world will cheer at the brilliant deed, 
And fawn at the wealth's increase; 

But 'tis poor success to have won applause 
Compared with a mind at ease; 

For the world, its applause, the lofty place, 
And the riches will soon be gone, 

And we, on a level with all, will stand 
For just what we are alone. 

Yet, from all the baubles our hands have held, 

Most easily can we part. 
We have all things needful and all things best 

If love be in the heart. 

Love for the dwellers of all the earth 

Binds us to the world above. 
For our final pass word, our final hope, 

And our final home is love. 



THE PROGRESS OF GEOGRAPHICAL 

DISCOVERY 



By Fred Myron Colby 



Most people can perhaps remember 

when, to them, the world was bounded 
by the immediate horizon. The dis- 
tant hills and mountains, that seemed 
to tower right up into the sky, to their 
childish imaginations, were the ut- 
most confines of the world. Beyond 
Mas a terra incognita, an empyrean 
space, quite distinct from our own 
sphere. I have a perfect recollec- 
tion of sitting on my bench at school, 
and thinking, as I looked out upon a 
mountain outlined against the blue 
sky, that if any one ascended the 
summit he could plunge off into a great 
gulf, illimitable and unexplored. All 
my world was this side of that emi- 
nence. 

I suppose that something after this 
fashion the world seemed to the 
ancients. Each nation knew little of 
anything beyond its own boundaries, 
and what little was known was some- 
times worse than no knowledge at all. 
In some of the old geographies the dis- 
tant countries were described from 
fancy, and represented as being inhab- 
ited by griffins, unicorns, horned men 
and all sorts of strange monsters. 

The earth itself was, in those ancient 
times, supposed to be square and flat, 
having a large river, called the Ocean, 
flowing all around it, exactly like the 
ocean in the Scandinavian universe. 
This ocean was believed to be bor- 
dered by a vast abyss, into which the 
waters plunged — the region of chaos 
and lost spirits of the unburied souls 
of men. 

It was not until after the time of 
Herodotus that the geographical re- 
searches of travelers satisfied the 
learned Greek world that these ridic- 
ulous notions were vain supersti- 
tions, or the inventions of poets. 

Four main causes have led to geo- 
graphical discovery and exploration, 
viz. : Commercial intercourse between 



different countries, the operations of 
war, pilgrimages and missionary zeal, 
and, in later times, the pursuit of 
knowledge for its own sake, which is 
the highest of all motives. 

The earliest commercial people, 
of whose discoveries we have any cor- 
rect account, were the Phoenicians. 
This wonderful race explored the 
shores of the Mediterranean, and 
eventually extended their voyages 
through the Straits of Gibraltar and 
visited the western shores of Spain and 
Africa, planting colonies and opening 
wider fields for their commerce by 
instructing the natives in their arts 
and improvements. They also mon- 
opolized the trade with India; and 
their chief emporium, the rich city 
of Tyre, was the center whence the 
products of the East and West w r ere 
distributed. 

The trade of the West was brought 
from the port called Tarshish in 
Scripture, w r hich is probably identical 
with Carthage, where the ships arrived 
from Spain, Africa and distant 
Britain. In the East, the Phoeni- 
cian ships extended their voyages as 
far as the Malabar coast of India — 
conjectural Ophir of the Bible 

Egypt was also quite active in 
geographical discovery at a very early 
date. About six hundred and ten 
years before Christ, Pharaoh Neco 
dispatched a fleet to circumnavigate 
Africa or, as it was then called, the 
Libyan continent. 

The fleet sailed south through the 
Red Sea, and kept on the way until 
the spring approached when the 
mariners disembarked, drew their 
vessels to land, sowed a crop, and 
waited until it was grown, when they 
reaped it, and again put to sea. 

Two \ears thus passed away. At 
length, in the third year of their 
voyage, having sailed through the 



86 The Granite Monthly 

Pillars of Hercules, they reached mercial affiliations with Arabia and 

Egypt and declared that (as they India were conducive to a steady gain 

sailed round Libya) the sun stood at of geographical knowledge, 

their right hand, that is, on the north The military genius and the ambi- 

of their vessels. This last fact, which tion for universal conquest which dis- 

is easily understood by any one who tinguished the Romans led not only 

knows the position and shape of the to discovery, but also the survey of 

earth, and which has been experienced nearly all Europe and large tracts of 

by every one who has crossed the Asia and Africa. Every new war 

equatorial line, was for a long time produced a new survey and itinerary 

regarded as a fiction by the ancient of the countries which were subdued, 

geographers and historians. In the height of their power, the 

Another celebrated voyage of antiq- Romans had surveyed and explored 
uity, undertaken for the purpose of all the coasts of the Mediterranean, 
discovery, was the expedition under the Balkan peninsula, all of Spain, 
Hanno, fitted out by Carthage with Gaul, Western Germany and Britain. 
a view of attempting the complete Russia, Sweden, Denmark and East- 
survey of the western coast of Africa, ern Germany were still unknown 
The Peri plus Hannonia, which is the regions. In Africa, Roman influence 
record of this voyage, states that extended to the Soudan and the 
Hanno set sail with a fleet of sixty Great Desert. In Asia, they were 
vessels, and the limit of his voyage acquainted with the more distant 
extended beyond what is now known countries overrun by Alexander — 
as Sierra Leone. namely Persia, Scythia, Bactria and 

A little later Pytheas, a Greek India. Roman intercourse with India 

navigator of Massilla, sailed north- especially led to the extension of geo- 

ward along the coasts of Spain and graphical knowledge. 

Gaul, sailed round the island of In all time, while warriors and 

Albion, and, stretching still further to explorers extended the area of geo- 

the north, he discovered an island graphical information, there have 

known to the ancients as Ultima been students who have striven to 

Thule, which may possibly have been systematize and put into form the 

one of the Shetland Islands. accumulated knowledge. From the 

The conquests of Alexander the first it was perceived that an under- 
Great, by making known the vast standing of localities could not be 
empires of Persia and India, materially attained without some notion of their 
enlarged the bounds of geographical relative positions and their distances 
knowledge. Nearchus, the Macedo- from each other. Consequently the 
nian admiral, made his famous voyage attempts to establish fixed principles 
of discovery under the direction of on which the surface of the earth, or 
Alexander. He was absent nearly any portion of it, could be delineated, 
three months, following the coast from were almost coeval with the earliest 
the Indus to the Euphrates, and the voyages of discovery, 
anchorings each night were carefully The first attempt made to deter- 
recorded. mine the position of places appears 

Under Seleucus, one of Alexander's to have depended on the division of 

successors, the Greek Megasthenes, the earth into "climates," distin- 

visited the remote city of Patali- guished by the species of animals and 

Jutra, the modern Patna, on the plants produced in each. This method, 

Ganges, and supplied valuable infor- however, was soon abandoned for 

mation respecting the whole Gangetic another, which consisted in observ- 

valley. ing at places the length of the longest 

The Ptolemies of Egypt fitted out and shortest days by means of a 

several expeditions for the purpose "gnomon." An upright pillar of 

of African exploration, and their com- known height being erected on a level 



The Progress of Geographical Discovery 87 

pavement, by observing the lengths Innocent III. sent a mission under 
of the meridian shadows, the progress John of Piano Carpini among the 
of the sun from tropic to tropic was Tartars on the Volga. A few years 
traced. later, 1247, St. Louis dispatched a 
This method of observation was Fleming named Ruburquis on a mis- 
invented by the Egyptians, and the si on to the great Khan Mangu. 
knowledge of it was carried by Thales Friar Oderic, of Pardenone, did 
into Greece. The most ancient re- useful geographical work while striv- 
corded observation with the gnomon ing to spread the truths of the Gos- 
is that of Pytheas, in the days of pel. This medieval Livingstone vis- 
Alexander of Macedon, who observed sited Malabar, Sumatra and Java; he 
at the summer solstice at Massilla spent several years in China and 
that the length of the meridian shadow Thibet, being the first European to 
was to the height of the gnomon as visit Lassa, and returned home by way 
213 to 600, an observation which of Cabul and Khorasson to Venice, 
makes the meridian altitude of the Motives of curiosity impelled others 
sun at Marseilles on that day seventy — for instance Marco Polo, who 
degrees and twenty-seven minutes. spent seventeen years at the court of 
The first to reduce geography to a Kublai Khan of China. Marco was 
regular system, and lay its founda- the most famous traveler of his time, 
tions on clear and solid principles, was and his description of the countries 
Eratasthenes. Strabo and Ptolemy he visited is one of the most valuable 
wrote valuable works upon the science, portions of medieval literature. 
The most ancient maps that have Two noble Venetians, Nicolo and 
reached modern times, with the excep- Antonio Zeno, who were in the service 
tion of the rude topographical charts of the prince of the Faroe Islands in 
of the Egyptians, are those which illus- the end of the thirteenth century, 
trate Ptolemy's geography. recorded their observations respecting 
During the darkest periods of the the Norse colonies. Antonio actually 
Middle Ages the greatest promoters went to Greenland, and heard of the 
of geographical discovery were the visits of the fishermen to two parts of 
Northmen. Though famous above North America, called Estotilond and 
everything else as vikings and ma- Diogeo. Ibu Batuta, a learned Arab, 
rauders, they were also peaceful mer- spent the larger part of his life in 
chants and oftentimes explorers, exploration, visiting China, the East 
From the eighth to the eleventh cen- Indies and Central Africa, 
turies a commercial route from India One of the most remarkable of the 
passed through Kief and Novogorod Italian travelers was Ludovico di 
to the Baltic. King Alfred sent Varthema, who was the first European 
Ulfstan and the Norwegian Oltar on to give an account of the interior of 
voyages of discovery toward the Yemen. He afterward visited and 
White Sea. described many places in India and 

In the end of the ninth century the Eastern Archipelago. 
Iceland was discovered and colonized; Such was the world — with the 
and in 925 the intrepid viking, Erik exception of the Cape Verde, Madeira 
the Red, discovered Greenland, and and Azore Islands, which were dis- 
induced some of his Icelandic coun- covered by Portuguese sailors under 
trymen to settle on its inhospitable Prince Henry the Navigator — as it 
shores. America was discovered by was known to Europeans before 
one of Erik's followers, and several of Columbus, by sailing west, discovered 
his children successively settled on the the West Indies and South America. 
American coast at a place called Vin- All the voyages of discovery since his 
land. day are familiar to most people. For 
Christian missionary zeal was an- years and years, men sought a north- 
other motive for exploration. Pope west passage to the Indies. Ship 



88 



The Granite Monthly 



after ship and fleet after fleet sailed 
through the seas and straits, but the 
passage was never found. These 
vain attempts led, however, to the 
discovery of new lands and seas, and 
so were not useless. 

Wonderful as is the advance of our 
geographical knowledge over that of 
the ancients, there is still much re- 



maining 



to be done. Vast areas 
around both poles, and in the interior 
of Asia, Africa, South America and 
New Guinea are yet unknown; even 
more extensive regions have only been 
partially explored, and millions of 
square miles remain to be surveyed 
before the work of geographers is 
complete. 



THE OLD MAN OF THE WHITE MOUNTAINS 



By George G. Williams 

Each break of day, the sun's first rays light up thy rugged face, 

While far below, beneath thy crag, the shadows flee apace. 

With earnest look thy gaze goes forth o'er mountain, forest, glen; 

Thou seest Nature's handiwork beside the work of men. 

The eagle circles, in his flight, around thy head on high, 

The roar of waters, at thy feet, reach thee a gentle sigh. 

The storm cloud gathers over thee, a child of summer heat; 

Its angry voice, in echoes clear, from cliff to cliff repeat. 

Thy daily shadow, at thy feet, in waters mirrored sheen, 

No telltale wrinkles hint to us the years which thou hast seen. 

Thou wert the first of all thy clan, these rugged mountains round, 

To vision Nature's miracles of beauty so profound. 

For thou wast there when Nature's breast by quaking earth was riven 

The Flume, of rendered rock looked up to meet the gaze of Heaven. 

Down from the rocky mountain side, thou watched the boulder flung 

Until, above the rocky gorge, majestically it hung. 

The lightnings flash, the bursting clouds were playing round thy face 

When torrents, through the chasm, rolled the boulder from its place. 

Nor wast thou shocked, thy features stern no trace of fear betrayed. 

Thy calmness could not be disturbed, thy look was undismayed. 

Thou sawest Nature's graving tools, of rocks in torrent sped, 

When, years, she toiled to shapely cut the Basin from its bed. 

Here hast thou seen, in years agone, before the Saxon came, 

A race of men whose faces shone with veneration's flame. 

Humble their look and attitude, humble their hearts beside. 

They gazed upon thee worshiping: thy face they Deified. 

Thus seasons came, thus seasons passed by their unerring law 

Before the "Pale Face" standing there thy solemn grandeur saw. 

And if, while gazing thus on high, his head he bare to thee, 

Unconsciously, he oped the door of his humanity. 

The grandeur and the dignity which emanates from thee, 

Though stern and firm, is softened by the tenderness we see. 

For thy benign and earnest fac°, which we behold above, 

Exhibits a creator's power; reflects a look of love. 

Monarch of Mountains, sure thou art, thy feet with beauty shod, 

I think whene'er thy face I see, "In the beginning, God! " 

Copyright, 191?. 



THE ISLES OF SHOALS 

By Theodora Chase 

A few miles from Portsmouth, again and standing there to show that 

N. H. lies a little group of islands Faith cannot be destroyed by human 

having the history and personality hands. 

of a world. In those islands great This and the neighboring island of 

events have taken place. Tragedies, Appledore must have been quite 

deeds of valor, bravery, loyalty to large villages. Trading vessels 

duty, have made this spot notable, touched here, court was held and on 

Capt. John Smith saw these is- Appledore is the site of the first 

lands, then wooded and fertile, and William Pepperill's (father of Sir 

was so pleased with them that he William) house. 

gave them his own name, which was Here men lived and loved, built 

afterward changed to the present more homes and reared children, joyed and 

euphonious title. sorrowed, sinned and repented, as in 

In a clear day these fair isles show the big world beyond the sea. 
from Hampton, mystic and shining One can repeople the islands now 
as the Blessed Isles. There are no in imagination. As the church bell 
trees there now, and the only inhab- rings, the people come sedately forth 
itants are summer people, who stay and walk down the paths to church — 
at the hotels on the two principal the women and girls in their short- 
islands, Star and Appledore. waisted dresses and quaint bonnets, 

Years ago, the hotels could not the men in rougher garb. No doubt 

accommodate the hosts of pleasure- the fisher lads cast their glances at 

seekers, but times have changed here the lassies, who were demurely aware 

as eslsewhere. of it, just as they are now. Probably 

On Star Island, where Capt. John the parson's sermons and Mistress 
Smith first landed, there was formerly Pepperill's gowns were criticized, and 
a monument in his honer, but time the same little heart aches and jeal- 
and irreverent hands have nearly de- ousies felt that we feel now. These 
molished it. Among the rocks, is days did not last. Many moved to 
one known as the "School-teacher's the city, across the strip of sea, that 
Chair," where a life went out, when they and their children might enjoy 
a sleeping girl was caught and en- better privileges, while many others 
gulfed in the incoming tide. Here went out from the little church for 
also is found Mollie's Cave a mere the last time and were laid in their 
hole in the rocks, where a trembling rocky beds where the sea sang softly 
woman crouched all night and lis- and did not disturb their slumbers, 
tened to the yells of the Indians who Another race sprang up on the is- 
were pillaging and murdering her lands, godless, ignorant, wicked fish- 
friends and kin. ermen, who "feared not God nor 

Pathetic tokens of populous times regarded men." Here, where chil- 
are found in the many graves, some ren's voices and songs of praise had 
in groups, some isolated all over this been heard, were oaths and ribaldry, 
island. It was once known as Gos- Fearful orgies were held and drunk- 
port and the quaint Gosport church enness prevailed. These men cut 
stands by the sea. The first build- all the trees for firewood, and, when 
ing was made from the timbers of none remained, burned up the church 
a Spanish vessel wrecked on these for fuel. 

shores, once burned, rebuilt, torn We do not know what crusty old 

down and used for fuel, yet built misogynist caused the law to be 



90 



The Granite Monthly 



enacted that no woman should live 
on these shores, but certain it is that 
such a law existed. 

It required a terrible tragedy to 
decide to which State the islands be- 
longed. 

When Louis Wagner moored his 
boat and crept into the house of his 
friend on lonely "Smutty Nose," he 
brutally murdered two defenceless 
women, but the third escaped and 
caused his conviction. 

As murderers were hung in New 
Hampshire but not in Maine, the own- 
ership of the islands had to be decided. 
It was proved that the group lay 
partly in both states. 

On White Island, dwelt a little 
child who dreamed strange, wild 
dreams as she watched the ever- 
changing sea or climbed with her 
father to where the light gave forth 
its rays to warn mariners of peril. 
Those dreams and fancies, translated 
into poetry, have charmed the world 
and made the name of Celia Thaxter 
a household word. 

On Appledore, her married life was 
spent in part and there still stands 
her cottage and her garden blooms 
outside. And there she is sleeping 
on the spot she loved so well. 

On White Island, only recently, 
occurred something worthy of all 



praise as an example of heroism and 
devotion to duty. The keeper of the 
light was left with no one but his 
wife when his assistant went to 
Portsmouth for supplies. The fog 
grew dense and remained so for days. 
The assistant did not return and 
the keeper's wife became very ill of 
pneumonia. There was no way of 
summoning aid, so he cared for her 
himself until he, too, was stricken. 
With labored breath, trembling limbs 
and dulled senses, he climbed each 
night to his lantern and its rays 
never faltered although he well knew 
that if they grew dim, it would bring 
him help. 

No doubt thousands of tales 
equally as wonderful could be told 
of this mimic world of which the 
people of Maine used to have a say- 
ing. "The whole world and the Isles 
of Shoals." 

But alas! their glory has departed! 
They lie silently waiting to rise on 
the next scene in their history. 

The brave hearts now so still, and 
the sad eyes that weep no more, are 
safe, and the poor worn bodies lie 
as peacefully as if they reposed in 
marble vaults. 

And "He who neither slumbers nor 
sleeps," knows their resting-place and 
loves and pities them all. 



GOD'S WAYS ARE NOT AS MAN'S WAYS 

By L. J. H. Frost 

Know ye who count wealth by its millions, 
That God made the green earth for all, 

And loves with the same love his children, 
Whether men call them great or small. 

Come down from thy lofty pedestals, 
Where thy rubies and diamonds shine, 

And know that with all of thy greatness, 

Some one's flagstaff stands higher than thine. 



And remember the "mites" of the widow 
Weighed more in the Master's esteem 



The Musician to His Dog 91 

Than the rich men's glittering silver, 

With their haughty pride thrown between. 

Know ye who boast of your brave deeds, 

Standing high in the temple of fame, 
There are heroes down in the low valley, 

Though the world knows not even their name. 

There are bowed heads in many a household, 

By labor and sorrow pressed down; 
Though they bear not the name of martyr, 

They'll at last wear a martyr's crown. 

For God's ways are not as man's ways; 

He searcheth the hearts of men, 
He seeth their secret intentions, 

And judgeth the soul by them. 



THE MUSICIAN TO HIS DOG 

By 'Maude Gordon Roby* 

Little Dog that men call dumb 
Because you ne'er repine, 

1 would indeed they had your heart, 
And loyalty, divine. 

You quickly read and know my thought, 

Altho you do not speak, 
And in the sympathy you grant 

Bestow the boon I seek. 

I need not carefully explain 

To tell you when I'm sad; 
You grieve with me, and kiss my face 

Until the whole world's glad. 
You read me as I read the sky. 

I am your clouds and sun; 
Your atmosphere, your happiness, 

Until the long day's done. 

And when at length, I'm old and gray, 

And bent with weight of years, 
When feeble is my step and slow, 

Bedimmed my eyes with tears, 
When, Little Dog, your body lies 

Beneath the daisy sod, 
I pray they'll let you watch for me 

On the Palace-steps of God! 

* Maude Gordon Roby is a member of the New England Women's Press Association, also charter member of the 
Professional Women's Club of Boston. 



PROSE POEMS 

A Page from a Day's Note-book 
By Harry B. Metcalf 

They entered the "L" train at the North Station, and at Sullivan Square I 
lost sight of them — a fleeting vision probably never to return. But the picture 
held my soul spellbound for those few mimutes, which were like a benediction 
at the close of a grim and wearisome day. 

They were man and woman, of years seemingly advanced beyond the allotted 
sixty and ten. Of their raiment I noted only that it was of poor quality, and 
thinned by the wear of many seasons. In the lapel of his coat was the bronz? 
button of the Grand Army of the Republic. She was gloveless, and on one 
of her lean, worn fingers was a fragile band of gold. His large hands bore the 
marks of hard physical toil, made necessary, I could readily infer, by a poverty 
that had attended them for years. 

But it was their faces that held my soul captive, that touched me with a 
pathos whose supreme note was joy. For out of those two faces shone a love 
triumphant, each for the other, that neither penury, nor suffering, nor dis- 
couragement unspeakable, could diminish or disturb. 

His face was round and handsome still, despite the stamp of age and the 
indelible mark of many sorrows. That of his frail little wife was furrowed 
deep with the lines of time and care, yet the firm pressure of the straight, wide 
mouth was the proof of courage unbaffled by pain. I knew that grief had 
been a frequent visitor, and I knew, too, that a faith sublime upheld these 
two hearts that love had melted into one, for in the eyes of both was an inde- 
scribable serenity. 

Here indeed was poverty — poverty in all things save the one great treasure 
that enriches two human souls. 

How vain and empty and meaningless seemed all the trappings of wealth 
and luxury; what a mockery all the show of social trumpery, as the tender 
picture of that aged pair vanished, with its background of roses and wooded 
aisles far back in the hills, where the birds sang of hope at dawn, and the long 
pathway down the gray years to the dusk, with that one star overhead! 



Sunset 

By George P. Leete 

It was half-past five of a winter evening, and the sun .was nearing the horizon. 
High up in the azure heavens four little gray clouds, tinged with purple, sailed 
rapidly toward the west, as if anxious to receive the last blessing of the dying day. 

Bright rays of gold shone in all directions, barely touching the distant hills 
clothed with fleecy white. 

In the distant east the pale, purple clouds were lighted by the golden glow. 

Around the sun and across its fiery face raced white downy clouds. 



The last ray dips below the horizon, and a gentle stillness steals upon the 
earth. 

It is night. 



A Handsome Testimonial 



93 



A HANDSOME TESTIMONIAL 

On the first of January, 1912. Hon. Frank 
Pierce Quimby, retired from his position as 
Assistant Paymaster of the Boston & Maine 
Railroad, in this city, and, from the railway 
service, in which he had been engaged in one 
capacity or another, as boy and man, for 
forty-two years, having commenced as a 
water-boy on construction work, and contin- 
ued as section hand, emiinehouse employee, 
switchtender and road fireman, till 1883, when 
he became bookkeeper in the cashier's office 
under John F. Webster. In 1889 he was 
made Chief Clerk and Paymaster of the Con- 
cord & Montreal Railroad, and became 
Assistant Paymaster, stationed a f Concord, 
under the lease of the C. & M., by the Boston 
& Maine. 

Just previous to his retirement Mr. Quimby 
was presented by his fellow employees, Mr. 
John F. Webster acting as their spokesman, 
with a costly and elegant clock, a picture of 
which is herewith shown, as a testimonial of 
their regard and esteem. The clock is a 
beautiful as well as valuable picee of work- 
manship, elegantly finished, and provided 
with four chimes for the quarter hours, and 
a chord for the hour. Such a testimonial 
counts for much more than its mere intrin- 
sic value, since it evinces the love and respect 
of the men who have long been the associates 
of the recipient. 

Mr. Quimby is a well-known citizen of Con- 
cord, prominent in public affairs. He has 
long been chairman of the Republican City 
Committee, has served in the State Senate, 
and has just been unanimously chosen a 
delegate to the coming Constitutional Con- 
vention. He has been for twenty years a 
director of the Concord Building and Loan 
Association, and six years its Secretary, and 
is now devoting his attention to its important 
interests. 




NEW HAMPSHIRE NECROLOGY 



HON. SILAS HARDY 

Hon. Silas Hardy, a veteran lawyer and 
prominent citizen of Keene, died at his home 
in that city February 7, after a long illness. 

He was a native of the town of Nelson, a 
son of Captain Noah and Jerusha (Kimball) 
Hardy. His grandfather Hardy was one of 
the early settlers of Nelson, removing there 
from Hollis just after the Revolution. His 
maternal grandfather, David Kimball of 
Boxford, Mass., served throughout the Revo- 
lution, and was among those who wintered 
with Washington at Valley Forge. He also 
settled in Nelson. 

Judge Hardy spent his early years on the 
farm with the meagre educational advantages 




Hon. Silas Hardy 

afforded by the district school; but at twenty 
years of age he commenced teaching school 
and fitting for college, and in four years 
entered Dartmouth a year in advance, grad- 
uating in 1855, with honor. Hon. Nelson 
Dingley of Maine, Judge Field of. Massachu- 
setts and Judges Allen and Ladd of this state 
were among his classmates. 

After graduation he was principal of the 
Academy at Foxcroft, Me., one year, and 
then commenced the study of law in the office 
of Hon. Levi Chamberlain of Keene. He was 
admitted to the bar in 1858, and immediately 
commenced practice in Keene, where he con- 
tinued through life. 

In 1859 he was appointed Register of 
Probate for Cheshire County, serving five 



years, when he was appointed Judge of Pro- 
bate, and held that office ten years. He was 
engrossing clerk for the state legislature in 
1860 and 1861, a member of the constitutional 
convention of 1876, and a representative from 
Ward One, Keene, in 1901 and 1902. He 
had also served as city solicitor. He was 
prominently connected with the old Cheshire 
County Mutual Fire Insurance Company, 
and for some time its president. He was 
a trustee of the Cheshire Provident Institu- 
tion, and a director and president of the Win- 
chester National Bank, and was also for a time 
a trustee of the Eliot Hospital. He was a 
Free Mason, a member of the N. H. Society 
Sons of the American Revolution, a regular 
attendant of the Unitarian Church of Keene, 
and a member of the Unitarian Club. 

December 31, 1863, Judge Hardy married 
Josephine M. Kingsley of Winchester, who died 
in June 1871, leaving an infant son, Ashley K. 
Hardy, now Professor of German in Dart- 
mouth College. 

DR. AMANDA H. KEMPTON . 

Amanda H. Kempton, M.D., a homeo- 
pathic physician of Newport, died at her 
home in that that town, February 13, after 
a brief illness. 

Doctor Kempton was a native of Croydon, 
a daughter of the late Elisha Kempton, born 
May 3, 1837. She was a teacher and nurse 
for some years, finally taking up the study of 
medicine, and graduating from the Medical 
Department of Boston University in 1882. 
She located in Newport in 1889 and had con- 
tinued in practice in that town. She was 
kindhearted, generous and charitable to a 
fault, and a friend of every good cause; an 
earnest temperance worker and an ardent 
advocate of equal suffrage. In religion she 
was a Baptist. She leaves. a brother — Elisha 
M. Kempton of Newport, Register of Probate 
for the County of Sullivan. 

WILLIAM G. HULL 

William G. Hull, a native and prominent 
resident of Plymouth, died at his home in 
that town, February 13, 1912, aged 85 years 
and two months. 

He was educated at the district school and 
Holmes Academy, Plymouth, taught school 
for a time and then became clerk and after- 
wards superintendent of the Norcross Lumber 
Co., at Woodstock, and later of the Grafton 
County Lumber Company at Livermore. 
Returning to Plymouth, he engaged in the 
glove manufacturing business, in the firm of 
McQuesten & Hull. Later he was a partner 
in the famous "Russell Store," with Samuel 
C. Webster. 

Politically he was a Democrat, and held 
various town offices, as well as that of rep- 



New Hampshire Necrology 



95 



resentative. He was also Postmaster of 
Plymouth under the second Cleveland admin- 
istration. He was a member and treasurer of 
the Plymouth town history committee, and 
contributed much to the success of the publi- 
cation. He was a member of the Congre- 
gational Church and of Olive Branch Lodge, 
A. F. & A. M., of Plymouth. 

In 1854, he married Laura T. Crockett of 
Holderness, who died in 1S80. Two sons — 
Arthur C, and Heber W., — survive. 

DR. CHARLES F. PATTERSON 

Charles Frederick Patterson, M.D., born 
in Merrimack, N. H., August 13, 1867, died 
at his home in Rye, October 16. 1911. 

Doctor Patterson was a graduate of Mc- 
Gaw Normal Institute of Reeds Ferry, Bryant 
and Stratton Business College, and Dart- 
mouth Medical. He was a member of the 
Portsmouth Medical Society, the Rockingham 
Medical, the New Hampshire Medical Soci- 
ety, New Hampshire Surgical Club, and 
American Medical Society. 

Doctor Patterson went to Rye in 1896, 
where he located in practice and continued 
with much professional success until his death. 

He took an active part in all the town 
affairs and was always ready for any matter 
which might come up to improve the welfare 
of the town. He was for several years a mem- 
ber of the school board. 

He is survived by a widow, Katherine 
Drake Patterson, whom he married in 1900. 

DR. FRANCIS J. STEVENS 

Francis J. Stevens, M.D., the oldest Odd 
Fellow in the State of Massachusetts, died at 
his home in Haverhill in that state, February 
7, 1912. 

He was born in Gilford N. H., June 20, 1824, 
removed to Schenectady, N. Y., graduated 
from the Albany Medical College and com- 
menced practice at Hampstead, N. H., later 
removing to Haverhill where he continued. 
He had served as state coroner and as a repre- 
sentative in the Massachusetts legislature. 
He had also served on the school board and as 
chairman of the Republican City Committee. 
He had been an Odd Fellow for sixty-five years 
and held all the offices in the order. He was 
also a 32d degree Mason. He leaves a widow. 

ISAAC N. ABBOTT 

Isaac Newton Abbot, born in Concord, 
January 4, 1834, died there February 2, 1912. 

Mr. Abbott was the son of the late Joseph 
Story and Esther (Farnum) Abbott, and was 
born on the farm where he spent his life and 
on which he died — one of the best in Merri- 
mack County, and well known for many years 



as the "Dimond Hill Farm." He attended 
the public schools and the Hopkinton and 
New London Academies, and then devoted 
his life to agriculture with great success, 
milk production for the Concord market 
being his leading specialty in later years. 

Mr. Abbott, had a record for continuous 
service in public office for a longer period than 
any other man in the state, so far as is known, 
having been clerk of his school district for 
52 years, being elected in old "No. Seven" 
when 23 years of age, and continuing, after its 
merger in the town district, until March, 1910, 
when he retired and was succeeded by his son, 




Isaac N. Abbott at 50 

Joseph N. Abbott. He had also served as a 
member of both branches of the Concord City 
Government, and as a representative in the 
legislature from Ward 7. He held the con- 
fidence and esteem of his fellow citizens in 
large measure, and was entrusted with the 
care and settlement of many estates. In 
politics he was a Republican and in religion 
a Congregationalist, worshipping at the old 
North Church in Concord. 

He married, November 26, 1862, Martha, 
daughter of Aaron and Eliza (Sherburne) 
Smith, who died December 11, 1908, leaving 
three children who now survive — Almira F., 
wife of Alfred Clark, Joseph Newton who 
occupies the heme place, and Helen S., all of 
Concord. 



EDITOR AND PUBLISHER'S NOTES 



An event of interest to New Hampshire 
friends who have been familiar with his 
notably successful career was the observance, 
on the twentieth of January last, at the 
University Club in New York, of the seventy- 
sixth anniversary of the birth of Col. Oilman 
H. Tucker, Secretary of the American Book 
Company, and the completion of fifty years 
of service in his present connection. A com- 
pany of some two score friends of Colonel 
Tucker, with whom he had been brought into 
close business relations during his years of 
service, assembled upon the occasion to do 
honor to their friend and associate. George 
A. Plimpton, of Ginn & Co., presided, and 
among those present were many of the most 
prominent representatives of the book-trade 
throughout the country as well as the princi- 
pal officers of the American Book Company. 
The speaking, which was participated in by a 
goodly number, was of an unusually high 
order and justly complimentary to the guest 
of the evening, whose appreciation of the com- 
pliment paid him was fittingly voiced. Colo- 
nel Tucker is a native of the town of Ray- 
mond, and will be remembered as the subject 
of an extended biographical sketch in the 
Granite Monthly for Mav 1910. 



It is generally conceded that the member- 
ship of the forthcoming Constitutional Con- 
vention, the delegates to which were chosen 
at the recent annual town meetings and special 
elections in the cities holden on the same 
day, embraces a large number of able men who 
have been prominent in the legislative serv- 
ice of the state and in other public capacities. 
Among these may be named Ex-Attorney 
General Edwin G. Eastman of Exeter, and 
his law partner, John Scammon, former presi- 
dent of the Senate, Rosecrans W. Pillsbury 
of Londonderry, Col. Daniel Hall and Arthur 
G. Whittemore of Dover, Albert Demeritt 
of Durham, William B. Fellows of Tilton, 
Edwin C. Bean of Belmont, Oscar L. Young 
and John T. Busiel of Laconia, James E. 
French of Moultonborough, Paul Wentworth 
of Sandwich, George W. Stone of Andover, 
Willis G. Buxton of Boscawen, Gen. Henry 
M. Baker of Bow, Judge John M. Mitchell, 
James O. Lyford, Allen Hollis and Nathaniel 
E. Martin of Concord, Edwin F. Jones of 
Manchester, Edward H. Wason; Everett E. 
Parker and Charles J. Hamblett of Nashua, 
Ezra M. Smith of Peterborough. George E. 
Bales of Wilton, Robert E. Faulkner and 
Joseph Madden of Keene, James Duncan 
Upham of Claremont, Jesse M. Barton of 
Newport, Hiram Parker of Lempster, Charles 



O. Barney of Canaan, William F. Whitcher 
of Haverhill, Raymond B. Stevens of Landaff . 
Thomas F. Johnson and Jason H. Dudley, 
of Colebrook, Alfred R. Evans of Gorham, 
George F. Morris and Irving W. Drew of 
Lancaster. So far as the public is aware 
there has been little if any canvassing of dele- 
gates as to the choice of a president of the 
Convention, though several names have been 
mentioned in that connection as those of men 
qualified for the position, among them being 
Judge Mitchell and James O, Lyford of Con- 
cord, Gen. Henry M. Baker of Bow, ex- 
Attorney General Eastman of Exeter, Col. 
Daniel Hall of Dover, Irving W. Drew of 
Lancaster, Edwin F. Jones of Manchester 
and Edward H. Wason of Nashua. Up to 
the present time woman suffrage and the 
initiative and referendum are the only two 
subjects of proposed constitutional amend- 
ments that have been publicly discussed to 
any extent. 



The presidential ante-convention campaign 
is in active progress in New Hampshire, as 
well as in other states, especially on the Re- 
publican side. Activity has been very much 
enhanced by the personal participation of 
President Taft and ex-President Roosevelt 
in the canvass for the nomination. Mr. 
Taft came to the state and addressed large 
crowds of people at Nashua, Manchester and 
Concord on Tuesday March 19. Col. Roose- 
velt, who was greeted by a large and enthusi- 
astic crowd, at Dover on the 23d, while 
en route to Portland, Me., where he spoke in 
the afternoon and evening, is scheduled 
to visit this state during the first week in 
April. Meanwhile Governor Bass and other 
"Progressives" are addressing large meetings 
in different sections in the Colonel's interest. 
While it is evident that a large majority of 
the office holders and politicians of the domi- 
nant party are heartily supporting President 
Taft in his campaign for renomination there 
is a decided difference of opinion as to the 
preferences of the rank and file, and only a 
preferential primary, which at this writing 
seems unlikely to be held, can settle the 
question satisfactorily. No active movement 
has as yet been made on the Democratic side 



Wanted, at this office, a copy of the Gran- 
ite Monthly for September, 1894 — Vol. 17, 
No. 3 — also copies of Nos. 9 and 10 — Sep- 
tember and October— Vol. 13, 1890. Any 
one who can forward either or all of the de- 
sired numbers will be liberally compensated 
for so doing. 




HON. JOHN KIMBALL 



The Granite Monthly 



Vol. XLIV, No. 4 APRIL, 1912 New Series, Vol. 7, No. 4 



LEADERS OF NEW HAMPSHIRE 

X 

Hon. John Kimball 

By H. C. Pearson 

On April 13, 1912, Honorable John in handsome typographical form and 

Kimball, "the most trusted man in with many portrait illustrations by 

Concord," as the city history well the Republican Press Association of 

styles him, reached the ninety-first Concord in 1885 and which gives a 

milestone in his remarkable life. great amount of interesting informa- 

It is timely, therefore, for the April tion concerning his ancestors and near 

Granite Monthly to include in its relatives. 

series titled above a brief recital of the We learn from it that the family of 
good works and lasting achievements Kimball is from the county of Cum- 
in which Mr. Kimball has led the berland, England, and that of the 
state of New Hampshire and its Cap- many thousands who honorably and 
ital City. creditably bear the name in all sec- 
Even imperfectly and incompletely tions of this country most are de- 
told, this story of how unaided indus- scended from Henry and Richard 
try, integrity and ability can fill with Kimball, who sailed from Ipswich in 
honors and happiness a long life old England in April, 1634, and landed 
should arouse in those who read it in due time at Ipswich in New Eng- 
admiration for, and emulation of its land, Massachusetts Bay Colony, 
subject. Richard Kimball's grandson, Caleb, 
Mr. Kimball was born in Canter- purchased land in Exeter, New Hamp- 
bury, New Hampshire, April 13, shire, upon which his son, John, 
1821. Three years later his parents settled early in the eighteenth century, 
moved across the Merrimack River John's son, Joseph, removed from 
into Boscawen, and in 1830 to the Exeter to a farm in Canterbury in 
village of Fisherville, now Penacook, 1788. Six years later Joseph's son, 
in the south part of that town. In John, followed his father inland and 
1848, in young manhood, he entered settled upon the paternal acres in 
upon a citizenship in Concord which Canterbury. 

now has extended continuously over There on December 27, 1794, was 

more than threescore years. born Benjamin Kimball, in the sev- 

Mr. Kimball himself was the care- enth generation from Richard, the 

ful compiler of "A Genealogical founder of the family in America. 

Memoir of the Ascendants and De- Benjamin married Ruth, daughter of 

scendants of Joseph Kimball of Can- David Ames of Canterbury, February 

terbury, N. H.," which was published 1, 1820, and to them five children 



98 



The Granite Monthly 



were born, of whom but two lived to 
maturity: John, the subject of this 
sketch, and Hon. Benjamin Ames 
Kimball, president of the Concord 
and Montreal Railroad. 

The elder Benjamin Kimball was a 
man of ability, activity and enter- 
prise, prominent, as were the other 
Kimballs who have been mentioned, 
in the affairs of his time and place. 
His early manhood was spent in 
farming in Canterbury, in Northfleld, 
and on High Street, in Boscawen. 

In 1830 he purchased of Hon. Jere- 
miah Mason of Portsmouth, attorney 
for the United States Bank, its lands 
and waterpower at what is now 
Penacook, and moved there, residing 
in the house still standing to the east 
of the famous old Penacook House 
hotel. In the following year he built 
what is known as the lower dam 
across the Contoocook river and put 
in operation the brick grist mill ever 
since in use there. This was the first 
utilization of the water power at those 
falls. 

He was also engaged extensively in 
the lumber business. But his health 
failed, and he died July 21, 1834, 
without having been able to take the 
seat in the legislature to which he had 
been elected in the previous March. 
After forty years of widowhood his 
wife died at the home of her son, John, 
in Concord, on October 22, 1874. 

John Kimball attended in boyhood 
the town schools of Boscawen and in 
one year, 1837, the Concord Academy. 
This was the extent of his education 
under teachers, but throughout his 
long life, by keen and wide observa- 
tion, by the reading of many good 
books, by self-directed study, espe- 
cially in history, he has richly stored 
his mind and trained his faculties; 
and the honorary degree of Master of 
Arts was never more worthily be- 
stowed by Dartmouth College than 
upon him in 1882. 

As a speaker and writer Mr. Kim- 
ball is clear, direct and interesting, 
this last quality being particularly in 
evidence through his marvelous mem- 



ory, retaining personal impressions of 
and connection with the great men 
and chief events of almost a century. 
He has long been an active member 
of the New Hampshire Historical 
Society. 

At the age of fourteen, in 1835, 
Mr. Kimball worked for Col. Henry 
Gerrish on what is now the Merri- 
mack County farm, six months, at 
$6 per month. The next season he 
worked for his uncle, Jacob Gerrish, 
on the adjoining farm, where the 
Gerrish station now stands, for $7 
per month, carrying home all his earn- 
ings for both seasons to his widowed 
mother, thus demonstrating his indus- 
trious habits and his filial devotion. 

At the age of seventeen he was 
apprenticed as a millwright to Will- 
iam Moody Kimball, his father's 
cousin, and spent four years in 
thoroughly mastering that trade" In 
1842 he rebuilt the grist-mill in the 
"Valley of Industry" at the north 
end of Boscawen Plain and subse- 
quently had a material part in the 
great development of manufactur- 
ing at Suncook, Manchester, Lowell 
and Lawrence. In later years he 
has had much pleasure in visiting 
these scenes of his first endeavors and 
in obtaining testimony as to the last- 
ing qualities of his earliest work, into 
which he put the same qualities of 
honesty, intelligence and thorough- 
ness that have characterized his whole 
life. 

In 1848, the Concord Railroad, 
having completed large shops in the 
city of Concord, called upon young 
John Kimball to take charge of them ; 
which he did with such success that 
in 1850 he was made master mechanic 
of the road, a position which he held 
until 1858, thus having a large part 
in the beginnings of New Hampshire's 
railroads and writing his name indel- 
ibly upon the records of her trans- 
portation history as he already had 
done in her early industrial life. 

Now began in Mr. Kimball's career 
a long period of honorable and dis- 
tinguished public service. In 1856 



Hon. John Kimball 



99 



he was elected to the common coun- 
cil of the city of Concord and upon 
re-election for a second term in 1857 
was made president of the body. In 
1858 and 1859 he represented Ward 
Five of the city of Concord in the 
lower house of the legislature, being- 
made chairman of the committee on 
state prison. 

From 1859 to 1862 Mr. Kimball 
discharged the dual duties of city 
marshal and collector of taxes, the 
former position in particular being 



tion of this responsible office was 
considered by his superiors in Wash- 
ington a model of duty efficiently done. 
In 1870, upon the organization of 
the Merrimack County Savings Bank, 
Mr. Kimball became its treasurer, 
and has ever since been officially con- 
nected with this staunch and success- 
ful financial institution, continuing 
as treasurer until the death of Presi- 
dent Lyman D. Stevens, whom he 
succeeded in that office, which he now 
holds, and always exercising a control- 




Residence of Hon John Kimball, Cor. North Main and Warren Sts., Concord 



no sinecure in those war time days 
when Concord was full of soldiers on 
their way to the front and feeling was 
running high. 

In 1862 President Lincoln appoint ed 
Mr. Kimball collector of internal 
revenue for the second New Hamp- 
shire district, made up of the counties 
of Merrimack and Hillsborough. This 
office he held until 1869, when he 
resigned, after having turned over to 
the government almost seven million 
dollars in collections without the error 
of a single penny. His administra- 



ting influence and guiding hand in the 
affairs of the bank. 

Mr. Kimball also has been for many 
years a director in the Mechanicks 
National Bank. A director of the 
Concord Gas Light Company for a 
long period, he succeeded the late 
Hon. Nathaniel White in its presi- 
dency and for many years past has 
been its treasurer. In 1880, when 
the Manchester and Keene railroad 
was placed in the hands of the state 
he was appointed by Chief Justice 
Doe one. of the trustees. 



100 



The Granite Monthly 



In 1872, 1873, 1874 and 1875 Mr. 
Kimball was mayor of Concord, and 
no one in the long and honorable 
succession of occupants of that office 
has done so much as he for the munic- 
ipality in the way of permanent 
improvements and public utilities. 

Previously, in 1861, he had served 
on a committee which investigated 
the subject of fire protection for the 
city and which made a report result- 
ing in the purchase of the first steam 
fire engine in Concord. And in 1870 



Soon after his first inauguration 
five out of the seven principal bridges 
in the city were carried away or badly 
damaged by freshets and the work of 
their replacement and repair was 
carried out by him with a thorough- 
ness which put them beyond the 
danger of future floods. Some cav- 
iled then at the cost of these improve- 
ments, but time has abundantly 
vindicated the wisdom of Mayor 
Kimball's course. 

The sixth and present Federal 




Kimball School 



he had served on another committee 
which considered the important sub- 
ject of an adequate water supply for 
the city and took the first steps 
towards securing Long Pond (now 
Penacook Lake) as the main source 
of such supply. 

In these and other ways and by his 
service in other municipal offices Mr. 
Kimball had gained a knowledge of 
the needs of the city which could not 
be surpassed and which was of great 
advantage to him and to Concord 
during the important years in which 
he sat in the mayor's chair. 



bridge across the Merrimack at the 
North End was one of these struc- 
tures and its unimpaired stone foun- 
dation bids fair to outlast even the 
twentieth century. The wrought iron 
bridge across the Contoocook in the 
main thoroughfare of the village of 
Penacook also was replaced during 
his administration, its opening being 
made the occasion for something of 
a celebration. 

Mayor Kimball was at the head of 
the building committee which in 1875 
erected the present central fire station 
on Warren Street, at a cost of $30,000, 



Hon. John Kimball 



101 



Avhich, together with the excellent 
water supply, also secured during 
this administration, with Mayor Kim- 
ball as ex officio president of the water 
board, and the efficient organization 
of the fire department, have made the 
record of the city of Concord as to 
losses by flames one of the best in 
the country for cities of its size. 

During these years in which Mr. 
Kimball was superintendent of repairs 
on highways and bridges as well as 
mayor, the streets of the city were 
improved and made modern; the 
beautiful Blossom Hill Cemetery was 



and was one of the committee first 
named to remodel the structure in 
accordance with the contract Concord 
made at that time. 

After his retirement from the office 
of mayor Mr. Kimball kept right on 
serving the city most usefully. For 
many years he was at the head of the 
water commission. In 1888 he was 
a member of the building committee 
which had charge of the construction 
of the new high school building at 
State and School Streets, now the 
Parker School, and of the new gram- 
mar school building on North Spring 




Parker School 



doubled in size; new schoolhouses 
were built, including the Penacook 
School, now the oldest in active 
service in the city; the system of 
sewerage was enlarged, and in every- 
way Concord was made worthy of 
being the capital city of the state of 
New Hampshire. 

And in this connection it should be 
recorded that not a little credit 
belongs to Mr. Kimball for keeping 
the state capital in Concord. In 
1864, when Manchester made a great 
fight to supplant Concord as the seat 
of state government, Mr. Kimball was 
one of the leaders in the successful 
fight to retain the state house here 



Street, named in his honor the Kim- 
ball School. He was for many years 
moderator of Union school district 
and his interest in all educational 
matters always has been active and 
useful. Two years since he presented 
the city of Concord land for a spacious 
playground at "Fosterville," the need 
of which had long been realized. 

It was not long after his retirement 
from the mayor's chair before the 
state of New Hampshire began to ask 
service of him. In 1876 he was a 
delegate to the convention to propose 
amendments to the constitution of 
the state and served as the chairman 
of its committee on finance. 



102 



The Granite Monthly 



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Hon. John Kimball 103 

In May, 1878, he was appointed tiful observance of his ninetieth birth- 
chairman of the commission to erect day. 

the new state prison building which Another church which has been the 

was completed October 28, 1880, object of his generosity is that of 

within the $235,000 appropriation, a the Penacook Congregationalists, to 

model structure of its kind and a which, because of early associations, 

marvel in the value obtained for the he and his brother, Hon. Benjamin 

money expended. A. Kimball, gave a bell in 1876 in 

Mr. Kimball represented the Con- memory of their father and to the sup- 
cord district in the New Hampshire port of which they often have contrib- 
state senate of 1881-2 and was uted in other years. 
honored with the presidency of that For many years he was president 
body, a difficult position which he of the New Hampshire Odd Fellows' 
filled to the acceptance of all. Home and now, as for a long time past, 

In politics Mr. Kimball has been a holds the same position in reference 
Republican from the beginning of to the New Hampshire Centennial 
that party, which he helped to form Home for the Aged. All who are 
in 1856 and to whose cause and can- acquainted with the historj' of these 
didates he has given loyal and valua- most worthy Concord institutions 
ble support in all the years that have know how much they owe to Mr. 
followed. For a quarter century, Kimball's interest and influence. 
1865-1890, he was treasurer of the Two other state philanthropies 
Republican state committee, and his with which Mr. Kimball has had long- 
advice and counsel have been sought official connection as treasurer are 
and appreciated by many of the the New Hampshire Bible Society, 
famous leaders of the party, national which this year celebrates its cen- 
and state, from Abraham Lincoln tennial, and the New Hampshire 
down. Orphans' Home at Webster Place, 

During his later years Mr. Kimball's Franklin. Here the benevolent inter- 
life has been as distinguished for its est of Mr. Kimball is visibly and 
religious and philanthropic activities substantially shown by the John 
as was his earlier career in business, Kimball Memorial Chapel, one of 
politics and finance. In 1843 he many worthy monuments by which 
joined the Congregational church his name will live long after him. 
at Boscawen and ever since has been For many years Mr. Kimball has been 
one of the most prominent laymen of an almost daily caller at the head- 
that denomination in New Hamp- quarters of the Bible Society on 
shire. For many years he was a School Street in Concord, and the 
deacon in the South Congregational present sound condition of the soci- 
church of Concord. Upon declining ety's finances, by which it is enabled 
further service he was made deacon to continue and increase its good 
emeritus, which position he still holds, work, is the result of his wise admin- 
As far back as 1860 he was one of the istration of its affairs, 
building committee which had charge Mr. Kimball's most recent bene- 
of the erection of its present church faction, in which he is associated with 
edifice. Seven years later he was one his brother, Hon. Benjamin A. Kim- 
of twenty-five associates who raised ball, and Mr. Frank L. Gerrish, is to 
funds for its enlargement and in the take the form of a handsome colonial 
decades that have followed his purse building on Boscawen Plain to house 
always has been open for the many the town records and the town free 
needs of the society and its various library. This is but one more expres- 
lines of work. Partial acknowl- sion of the deep interest which Mr. 
edgment of its debt to him was made Kimball always has felt in this town 
by the society in the form of a beau- of his early boyhood and tenderest 



104 



The Granite Monthly 



memories. On the occasion of the 
150th anniversary of the settlement 
of the town, August 16, 1883, he and 
others presented to the town a memo- 
rial stone to mark the site of the first 
meeting house, and in behalf of the 
donors Mr. Kimball made a brief, but 
very interesting historical address of 
presentation. 

He was one of the guarantors for 
the publication in appropriate form 
of the proceedings of this celebration, 
as he previously had been for the 
publication of the History of Bos- 
cawen and Webster, written by their 




John Kimball Chapel, N. H. Orphans' Home 

eminent son, the late Charles Carleton 
Coffin. 

The Old Home Week idea appealed 
greatly to Mr. Kimball from the first 
and he has attended and taken part 
in many of the observances of the 
festival in Boscawen and Concord. 
The writer recalls particularly his 
address at Concord's first and most 
elaborate celebration, in 1899, and 
one some years later, at Boscawen, at 
which Mr. Kimball astonished and 
delighted the assemblage by giving 
from memory, without a slip in names 
or dates, the story of the families 
living in his section of the town 
seventy years before. 

Mr. Kimball's residence on the 
southeast corner of North State and 



Warren Streets, in Concord, was 
purchased by him in 1849 and has 
been his home ever since. It was 
originally occupied as a school for 
girls, kept by the Misses Kirkwood, 
who located in Concord in 1833. 
Here Mr. Kimball has a choice library 
and passes the years of his tenth 
decade most happily, the center of an 
affectionate home circle and the object 
of admiration, respect and pride on 
the part of all his fellow citizens. 

Mr. Kimball first married May 27, 
1846, Maria Phillips of Rupert, Vt., 
who died December 22, 1894. Their 
one child was a daughter, Clara Maria, 
who married Augustine R. Ayers of 
Concord. To Mr. and Mrs. Ayers 
seven children were born of whom 
four now survive, two daughters and 
two sons. The elder daughter, 
Ruth, educated at Wellesley jmd 
Cornell, is a teacher. The second, 
Helen McGregor, is the wife of Dr. 
Robert J. Graves of Concord and the 
mother of two children, so that Mr. 
Kimball has in his near neighborhood 
three generations of his descendants. 
The eldest living son, Augustine H., 
a graduate of Dartmouth and the 
Thayer school, married Bernice 
Celeste Millen of Winona, Minnesota, 
and is now a civil engineer in Alberta, 
Canada, in charge of one of the largest 
irrigation plants in the Dominion, 
whose construction he supervised. 
The younger son, a graduate of Dart- 
mouth, '11, is now pursuing a forestry 
course at Yale University. 

Mr. Kimball married, second, Octo- 
ber 15, 1895, Miss Charlotte Atkin- 
son of Nashua, a member of a leading 
Boscawen family. 

To four generations of Concord 
people the tall, erect form of John 
Kimball, his strong, but kindly face, 
have been familiar and beloved. How 
he has aided and directed the city's 
progress has been told, in part. How 
much he has done for individuals, the 
extent of his personal and private 
charities, how great the value has 
been of his service to widows and 
orphans in the settlement of estates 



Hon. John Kimball 105 

and the management of trust funds the sturdy yeoman and artisan stock, 

cannot be estimated. has won his way by tireless industry 

One of the best conceptions of Mr. unblemished integrity, sterling hon- 

Kimball's character and tributes to e stv and sound good sense to posi- 

his worth has been made by Hon. tions of responsibility and promi- 

James 0. Lyford in his biography of nence A man of pro bity, he has the 

one of Mr. Kimball s contemporaries, conndence of the entire state . Fr:nik 

!- he ] ate Se nator Edward H Rollins, and outspoken of clear j ud g me nt, 

in which the author writes: To no f } . ^ discharge of public or 

one man is the city 01 I oncord more , T , T /? , ,, - 

• ii+if •+ ™ i • 1 i ~ 4. private duties, John Kimball is a rep- 

mdebted lor its material advancement ^ .. J ' , , . , -, , 

and internal improvement during the resentative of the highest ideals in 

first quarter century of its municipal citizenship Four times mayor of 

existence than to its esteemed citizen, Concord, he gave the city a business 

Hon. John Kimball. The name is a administration unexcelled m its his- 

household word in Concord. It con- tory. He could have been governor 

veys a meaning to the present gener- of the state if he had consented to 

ation peculiar to itself. It is the consider the nomination at the hands 

name of a man who, springing from of his party." 



AT ALEXANDRIA 30 B. C. 

By Frederick Myron Colby 

Past palms and accacias the sea to greet, 

The Nile flows on through the gleaming sand; 

And the hot sun glares on the porticoed street, 
And scorches the ancient, shadowy land. 

The temples are hushed in the mid-day heat, 
The sentinels drowse at the guarded gate; 

And down in the pools where the waters meet 
The ibis stands dreaming in solemn state. 

But hark! on the air sounds music sweet, 
And the hum of voices and din of arms, 

As a royal pageant sweeps down the street. — 
( Ileopatra's own self with her undimmed charms. 

What colors then glowed in the eastern sun! 

What sparkling of jewels bedazzled the eye! 
What a thunder of plaudits her majesty won; 

The shouts of her worshippers rent the sky. 

Great Isis! She sat in her lacquered chair, 
The proudest of all that bejeweled throng; 

To her cinctured waist fell her gem-decked hair 
That rippled and shook to her henchmen's song. 

From the columned porch where I sat in the shade 
I could catch the flash of her splendid eye; 

Could trace the faint shadows her sandals made 
On her rose-veined feet, as her train passed by. 



106 The Granite Monthly 

And I, a poor seller of raisins and figs, 

Dared lift my rapt eyes to this haughty queen; 

And she through the crowd of tiaras and wigs 
Met all my bold glances with gracious mien. 

What cared I for Caesar or Antony then, 
At the thought, Egypt, of what might be? 

I deemed myself the proudest of men 
To be loved, divine Cleopatra, by thee. 



Up through the courts of her palace grand, 
I followed the tread of her slave girl's feet. 

Up through the leopards that crouched on the sand, 
Guarding the door of their sovereign sweet. 

And there she lay on her throne of gold, 
While out on the street the sun glared red; 

And I felt the blood leave my heart so bold, 
For I gazed on the great Cleopatra — dead. 



Out under the porticoes still I stray, 
Selling dates and figs to the passers by; 

But never the same have I been since that day 
When my luscious figs caught Cleopatra's eye. 



AN AWAKENING 

By L. Adelaide Sherman 

Light of the Day that is dawning, 

Love signals, crowned on the hills. 
Rosy-glow, amber-glow, answer the challenge — 

Bide if he wills. 
Rapture-thrilled, waiting, and drowned in the light, 

I have forgotten the night. 

Voice of the Spring in the valley, 
Love signals, up from the sea. 

Silver-shod, blossomed-crowned, answer the challenge- 
Deathless are ye. 

Heart-chilling, soul-numbing winter has fled, 
Spring rules forever instead. 

Joy-bells, that ring at my casement, 

Love signals, shrined in my soul. 
Throbbing bells, thrilling bells, answer the challenge — 

Long echoes roll 
Bridging the silence with music divine. 

Lo, now, my birthright is mine. 



MISSOURI AND NEW HAMPSHIRE 

By F. B. Sanborn 



Missouri is one of the largest and 
richest states in the Union, and has 
long had a conspicuous share in the 
struggles for wealth and for political 
power in the past hundred years. 
Added to the nation by the foresight 
of Jefferson and the diplomacy of 
Monroe, — both following the astute 
plan of Napoleon for weakening the 
naval predominance and the com- 
mercial monopoly of England, Mis- 
souri as a Territory (Upper Missouri) 
soon became the prize of one of the 
first contests between the friends of 
negro slavery in Congress and the 
nation at large. New Hampshire 
took no doubtful part in that struggle. 
As it came on in 1818-19, and became 
an issue in the beginning of 1820, the 
citizens of New Hampshire, with 
hardly any distinction of party, 
united in opposition to the extension 
of slavery over virgin territory. Vot- 
ing at the annual election of March, 
1820, the Democrats of Portsmouth 
sent that ablest of the Federalist 
lawyers, Jeremiah Mason, to the 
Legislature for the particular service 
which he soon performed. In June 
he was put at the head of a special 
committee of the two houses on the 
Exclusion of Slavery from Missouri; 
reported in favor of such exclusion; 
and wrote this resolve, which the 
two branches almost unanimously 
passed. 

"That in the opinion of the Legislature the 
existence of slavery within the United States 
is a great moral as well as political evil, the 
toleration of which can be justified by neces- 
sity alone; and the further extension ought 
to be prevented." 

Both parties agreed in this opinion, 
and it represented rather too mildly 
the opposition of Webster, at that 
time, to the institution which 30 
years later, he made violent efforts 
to preserve. 



In the interval from 1820 to 1860, 
settlers had flocked to the banks of 
the serpentine Missouri River, and 
St. Louis had become a seat of great 
inland commerce. New Hampshire 
sent out several of her most enter- 
prising sons to profit by this commerce 
or to practice the professions there: 
William and James Smith of the 
famous Peterborough family, nephews 
of Judge Smith of Exeter. To 
take charge of a college which the 
beneficence of the Smiths and their 
friends had founded, my good old 
teacher, Joseph Gibson Hoyt of the 
Exeter Academy, to whom I am more 
indebted for the sounder part of my 
education than to any other teacher, 
went to St. Louis in 1859. Ha did 
not live to feel the whole stress of 
the Civil War, but his friends and 
family felt it; and his neighbor and 
political associate, Amos Tuck, our 
Rockingham congressman, whose son 
has so liberally commemorated his 
father and friends, afterwards became 
a resident of St. Louis. I found him 
there when I spent a few sad days in 
that city, on the occasion of my 
brother's death there in 1872, and he 
was kindly helpful to me in those 
melancholy circumstances. 

Long after those days I was visited 
in my house by the river here in 'Old 
Concord' (as we call our town to 
distinguish it from the capital of New 
Hampshire, which was named for us), 
by two ladies from Sedalia in Western 
Missouri, whose errand and whose 
family history is the occasion of my 
writing these pages for the Granite 
Monthly. They were the widowed 
daughters of Gen. George Rapin 
Smith, the founder of Sedalia, and one 
of the civilizers of Missouri; and 
their errand was to submit to me the 
material for a memoir of their father, 
with a request that I would edit it. 
I was so occupied with other literary 



108 



The Granite Monthly 



work that I could not undertake it; 
but I gave some labor to the prepa- 
ration and revision of the material, 
and on its completion in 1904, after 
a year or two spent in arranging 
letters, etc., I read it with much satis- 
faction. Being privately printed it 
has had but small circulation in this 
part of the country; but the inter- 
esting descriptions of the primitive 
life of the pioneer settlers, and the 
active share which General Smith 
had in the rescue of his state from the 
hands of Atchison, Jackson, Harney 
and the other disunionists of Mis- 
souri, together with the importance 
of the course thus pursued by Frank 
Blair, Gratz Brown, General Lyon 
and the radical Union men, were 
such that I will communicate passages 
from the book of 400 pages to our 
readers. 

In a recent publication, Mr. Villard 
of the New York Evening Post was 
misguided enough to say that the 
South was never a colonizing section. 
It would have been nearer the fact 
to say that the slaveholding portion 
of our country did little but colonize; 
just as bees do little in the way of 
honey-making except by swarming. 
Negro slavery in the United States 
was of such economic character 
that new territory was constantly 
required on which to employ it. 
While it survived in New Hampshire, 
throughout the eighteenth century, 
it was carried from place to place by 
enterprising traders who picked up 
slaves here and there, — generally, I 
suppose, at the West Indies or in 
Dutch Guiana, with which several 
New Hampshire sea-captains traded, 
— and distributed them at the seaports 
or inland towns of New England. 

Jonathan Longfellow of Hampton 
Falls, whose mother was a grand- 
daughter of Henry Green, one of the 
early provincial judges, was one of 
these enterprising traders, after being- 
bred as a miller at the falls which 
give the name to the town. At or 
before his mother's death in 1741, 
Jonathan took his share of the prop- 



erty and went trading; he imported 
slaves, and with four of them he paid 
for a large farm in Deerfield, which 
he bought of one Leavitt of Exeter, 
and settled on it with his wife and six 
children. Rev. John Scales says of 
him: 

"Capt. Longfellow, an enterprising business 
man, bought and sold slaves, and did not 
give all of them to Leavitt. His sons-in- 
law, Joseph Cilley and Nathaniel Batchelder 
of Deerfield, had some of them after Long- 
fellow removed, first to Rye, and then to 
Nova Scotia and Machias. Some of the 
descendants of these imported slaves live at 
Exeter now, worthy citizens, unmindful of 
their ancestry." 

At the census of 1790, General 
Cilley, the Revolutionary hero, owned 
four slaves, doubtless of the Long- 
fellow lot; two other Cilleys of Deer- 
field owned three, and two Butlers 
owned one each, — there being eleven 
slaves in all in the little town of Not- 
tingham, including Deerfield. 

George Rapin Smith was the son 
of a Virginian (George Smith, the 
son of Thomas of Powhatan county), 
and was born August 17, 1804; the 
same year he removed to Kentucky 
with his father, a Baptist preacher, — 
was educated chiefly at Georgetown, 
Scott county, and in 1820, at the age 
of 16, inherited property by the 
death of his father. At 23 he mar- 
ried, having previously studied law, 
and been made county sheriff. His 
father-in-law, General Thomson, was 
an active, prosperous man, who had 
fought Tecumseh under General Har- 
rison, and was ready to colonize from 
Kentucky to Missouri in 1833, as he 
had already, like his son-in-law, col- 
onized from Virginia to Kentucky. 
The removal began in October, 1833, 
and here is the account which Mrs. 
Smith, General Smith's daughter, 
gives of it: 

"Our grandfather, Gen. David Thomson, 
with Grandmother, left their home this year, 
with eight of their children, to make a new 
home in Missouri. Three children had 



Missouri and New Hampshire 



109 



already married, — Manlius, the oldest, re- 
mained behind, practicing law in George- 
town, Kentucky; but Mildred Elvira, the 
next oldest, had married Mr. Lewis Redd 
Major, and they, with four children and a 
large family of negroes, decided to emigrate 
to the new country. Melita Ann, the third 
child, and two little girls also took seats in 
her father's commodious carriage for the 
long, tedious journey of 700 miles. Besides 



slaves, of whom there was a large company, 
and the two younger boys were to accompany 
him. 

" Our mother and grandmother, our two 
young girl aunts, my sister and myself, all 
traveled in one large carriage, with a negro 
man, Jackson, driving, and Grandpa on 
horseback to find the roads and judge of the 
crossings. The carriage was a great yellow 
coach, closed all around from air and light, 





1 


'«4Bg 
















■'■■■^V N 


^H 







Gen. George R. Smith 



ourselves there were two other little girls in 
the party; our aunts, Marion, a lovely child 
of ten, and Melcena, the baby sister of eight, — 
the two youngest children of Gen. Thom- 
son. Mentor Thomson, the second son, with 
his bride, Miss Cora Woolridge of Hopkins- 
ville, did not make the trip when we did, but 
came some months later. Of the three other 
boys, Milton, Morton and Monroe, aged 
19, 17, and 15, — Milton Thomson was 
detailed by his father to take charge of the 



except for the windows in the doors. It sat 
high up on springs, and had folding steps 
by which to ascend into its broad deep- 
cushioned seats. Outside was a driver's seat, 
high up above the horses, and behind was 
another large seat for an outrider, whose 
duty it was to open gates and attend to the 
family. The whole was drawn by a pair of 
horses, and a saddle-horse ran beside, which 
was used alternately by the ladies to relieve 
the tedium of the journey. In another party 



110 



The Granite Monthly 



went the caravan of covered ox-wagons, con- 
taining the furniture, looms, spinning wheels, 
big and little, tableware, etc.; together with 
the negroes and their families. The company 
comprised 88 persons, of whom 75 were 
slaves. They had intermarried with the 
neighbors' negroes, and General Thomson, 
being humane, was unwilling to separate 
them, so he had to buy where he could and 
sell where he must. This was no little task, 
but finally it was accomplished, and the 
slave-caravan set out. The negroes, men 
and women, babies and grey-haired grand- 
parents were to follow General Thomson, 
and arrived in Pettis County, Mo., not long 
after the great coach. 

" Our party, after tarrying with relatives 
several weeks in Calloway county, not far 
from Jefferson City, arrived in Pettis on the 
evening of November 12, 1833, and went into 
camp in the Lamine river-bottom, at what is 
now known as Scott's Ford. From ten in 
the evening until daybreak they witnessed 
the celebrated display of meteors in that year. 
Dear old Peggy, who was cook for grand- 
father in after years, and died in 189S, at 
the age of 77, was then a child of 12; and 
she used to tell us vividly how frightened 
the negroes were at the falling of the stars. 
'We were in camp by the Lamine river' 
she said, 'and we-all thought Judgment done 
come. Could hear the stars falling like hail 
on the tops of the tents. The elements was 
all ablaze. De old folks all prayed, and we 
children hollered. It done lasted for hours, 
and we never thought to see daylight no 
more.' " 

It was amid a similar shower of 
seeming stars that Emerson, earlier 
in the same autumn, came home from 
Europe across the Atlantic, and sailed 
half the night amid stars, as he after- 
wards described the scene: 

As when a shower of meteors 

Cross the orbit of the earth, 

And, lit by fringent air, blaze near and far; 

Mortals deem the planets bright 

Have slipped their sacred bars, 

And the lone seaman, all the night, 

Sails astonished amid stars. 

In this county of Pettis, which now 
contains 35,000 people and no slaves, 



there were in 1833 more slaves than 
freemen, for white settlers were few 
and far between. Their cabins were 
mostly built of unhewn logs daubed 
with clay, and till General Thomson 
and his party built, there was no 
house in the region that had window 
glass in it. If the owner had money 
or negroes, he might indulge in the 
luxury of a puncheon floor, that is, 
might halve logs and lay them the 
split side up, side by side on the moist 
ground. Otherwise the bare earth, 
beaten hard, was floor enough. The 
furniture mostly was home-made. 
The bedsteads were made somewhat 
as Homer describes that one fabri- 
cated by Ulysses. They were of the 
'one-post' sort, formed by planting a 
single upright post, or a fork, in the 
floor of the room, connecting this with 
the two near walls by poles let into 
the logs of the house-side, and weaving 
a platform of poles or clapboards 
across for the couch. On this was 
thrown a deerskin or two, and such 
bedding as the citizen could afford. 
Clothing was almost all homemade, 
and lucky were the settlers who came, 
as these wealthy Kentuckians did, 
with spinning wheels, looms, warping- 
bars and the other implements of 
weaving, — including the purchased 
spinners and weavers. Society in 
Pettis county was reduced to its 
lowest terms. General Thomson's 
daughter Marion wrote, years after- 
wards : 

"Our neighbors called arrayed in buckskin 
trousers, and jackets decked with fringes of 
the same. You ask how the ladies were 
dressed? When we arrived I think there 
were just three in the county. When they 
called they wore expensive dresses made of 
calico at 25 cents a yard. By cooperation 
alone could the settlers raise their buildings. 
Were a house or stable to be raised, the neigh- 
bors for eight or ten miles up Muddy Creek 
were on hand, each with his gun and dog, 
and a deer or turkey lashed on his back. 
After the raising, a great feast would follow, 
and a long-necked gourd, full of apple or 
peach-brandy would cheer the company. 



Missouri and New Hampshire 



111 



The wolves howled round the cabins at night ; 
you could hardly walk a mile without seeing 
a herd of deer; wild turkeys filled the woods, 
and rattlesnakes were in abundance." 

Booneville, where the mighty hun- 
ter, Daniel Boone, had died a dozen 
years before, was the nearest trading 
town on the Missouri river, 35 miles 
away. There Chester Harding, the 
New England portrait-painter, found 
him a few years before his death, and 
painted him for the State of Kentucky, 
while General Smith was still at Elder 
Stone's school in Georgetown, Ky. 

General Thomson was allowed to 
name his settlement Georgetown, and 
it gradually assumed a more civilized 
air, mainly under the stimulus of 
General Smith and his father-in-law. 
When the county courthouse was to 
be built, Smith prevailed on the people 
to build it of brick, and he, with a 
partner, contracted to make the brick 
and build it, within two years. They 
began it late in 1835, and it was 
accepted and the contractors dis- 
charged from their bond, Decembar 
16, 1837. Mrs. Smith says: 

"To my eyes there was never a prettier 
house. It was square, with a large door in 
the center of each of three sides, and a large 
window on each side of the doors. The north 
side had the two windows, but no door, — the 
space between being occupied by the judge's 
bench, a platform about four feet high, with 
chairs on it, and terminated at the windows 
with four or five steps. The floor was brick, 
with some benches. A stairway led mag- 
nificently with its balustrade to the second 
story; and as my young feet proudly ascended 
its lofty height, I looked on the assembled 
multitudes with awe and admiration that 
have not come to me since, even in the 
palaces of Europe." 

Around this temple of justice Gen- 
eral Thomson had planted locust 
trees, and enclosed the whole with a 
neat fence; to which, of course, the 
men who came to the village hitched 
their horses, while they marketed or 
"tended court" or held political 



meetings in the new public building. 
Mr. Smith's own cabin was the second 
one built in this Georgetown, in 1835, 
and was of squared logs, with glass 
windows. It contained two rooms, 
each 20 feet square, — a living room 
and a kitchen, each supplied with a 
generous open fireplace, by which, in 
the kitchen, the slaves did the cooking. 
This, says Mrs. Smith: 

"Was done in heavy cast-iron Dutch ovens, 
in skillets and frying pans. On Johnny-cake 
boards (of wood) delicious cakes were baked 
by simply setting them in front of the open 
fire. In using the portable ovens for baking 
bread, the coals were drawn out on the broad 
stone hearth, and often a blaze of burning 
brush was built on top of the heavy lid. 
Back in the smoke and heat of the chimney 
hung the crane, always ready to do duty with 
the dinner-pot, or for clothes-washing, when 
a big boil was on hand." 

All the industry of this fast-grow- 
ing community was based on the toil 
of purchased, or bred, or inherited 
slaves. The Virginian ancestors of 
George Smith had regarded slavery 
as an evil, as Washington, Jefferson 
and their famous contemporaries did; 
but the customs of Kentucky sanc- 
tioned the evil, and it outlasted the 
agitating era of the Revolution, and 
was brought into profitable use for 
cotton growing in the Southern region, 
and for slave breeding in the cooler 
States. Cotton did not flourish in 
Kentucky or Missouri, but all the 
rude work of pioneering was adapted 
to slave labor, and laziness and 
vanity soon habituated a new com- 
munity to the evil. Mrs. Smith says: 

"Slavery brought luxury, almost princely 
life to us, even in our cabins, because we were 
exempt from the drudgery of labor, and had 
really nothing to do except to look after the 
social amenities, and to see that the slaves 
were cared for and made to work. Our Eden 
was nursing this serpent, slavery, which was 
whispering a siren song into the ears of pride 
and luxury; but which was to fill our country 
with the blackness of despair. Slavery was 



112 



The Granite Monthly 



conducive to indolence and immorality. The 
preachers were preaching, and the good people 
trying, after their fashion, to bring their 
children up in the way they should go; but 
slavery, tobacco and whiskey were doing their 
demoniacal work; and so it went on. Men 
were intoxicated, murders committed, and 
shadows fell darkly on the brightness of many 
lives. The evil multiplied; God seemed to 
have deserted us. It was against the law to 
educate the negroes; intelligence and slavery 
cannot exist together. The one enforced 
wrong compels the other. But the homes of 
the slaveholders, to the superficial looker-on, 
often seemed happy. The ignorant creatures, 
with no aim in life, could have no ambition. 
The masters were usually humane, and there 
was often real affection between master and 
slave; very often great kindliness. There 
were merciful services from each to the other ; 
there was laughter, song and happiness in 
the negro quarters; but it was the happiness 
of ignorance. It was an edifice founded on 
sand, an unnatural condition, — and the viola- 
tion of God's law brings its own retribution. 
The house was toppling; it had to fall. Our 
young men rapidly fell into debaucheries.. 
Our colleges often turned them out from their 
walls dissipated. Our young farmers, not 
having the advantage of free schools, were 
ignorant and immoral. Society was on a 
false basis." 

This is the testimony of one who 
looked on the society in which she 
grew up with none but friendly eyes; 
and she has stated the case against 
slavery very mildly. Abraham Lin- 
coln would have given a much heavier 
verdict. It was this mode of life 
which produced on the Missouri 
border those ignorant and depraved 
bands that tormented the Free State 
settlers of Kansas, and tinged the 
Civil War in Missouri with so much 
savagery. It was slavery that made 
possible the Lawrence massacre, and 
that created the necessity for the 
Pottawatomie executions. And from 
this caldron of evils the courage and 
intelligence of George Smith came 
forth sound and beneficent, as he had 
been all his days. 

When Benton and the party of 



Andrew Jackson governed the nation, 
George Smith inclined, with all due 
respect for Jackson, to the party of 
Henry Clay. Col. Richard M. John- 
son, who had been, with the Blair 
family, a leading opponent of Clay in 
Kentucky, but was fond of young Smith 
in that State, said to him when leaving 
one Georgetown for the other: 

"Now George, when you get to Missouri, 
if you will only turn your coat and get on the 
right side in politics, you may one day be 
Democratic President of the United States." 

That honor, however, has not yet 
been bestowed on any Missourian. 
George Smith, in the meantime (that 
is, between 1833 and 1863), had gone 
heartily into politics both local and 
national. He had supported Clay 
and Harrison for president against 
Van Buren, and had been appointed 
to office by Tyler, whose disappoint- 
ing administration promoted several 
causes, but did little or nothing for 
Tyler himself. It had given Clay a 
needed rebuff, had exalted Webster 
by the success of his Ashburton 
Treaty, had secured the annexation 
of Texas, and finally set Van Buren 
aside, except as a block in the path 
of Cass, the Democratic candidate to 
be defeated by General Taylor in 
1848. Smith supported Taylor zeal- 
ously in that year, and then began 
to draw nearer to his old Democratic 
antagonist, Benton, as the issue 
became clearer between the Calhoun 
disunionists and the Benton and 
Blair democrats. All this time Smith 
was strengthening himself in wealth, 
in friendliness, in worldly experience, 
and in the cause of civilization. 

Thus when he took up, in the fiist 
year of Taylor's administration, the 
project for a through railroad to the 
Pacific, which was Benton's leading 
measure, General Smith proved to be 
sagacious and influential beyond 
former precedent. He secured the 
location of the new westward road 
through his own and the adjoining 
counties, by guaranteeing subscrip- 



Missouri and New Hampshire 



113 



tions to the road; and as a member of 
the legislature he had a very impor- 
tant share in passing the 'Omnibus' 
railroad bill, in December, 1855, 
which assured the building of several 
roads by state grants of money. 
Having thus secured the main point, 
Smith tried to induce the railroad 
authorities to put their station in his 
own Georgetown, which he had seen 
grow up from nothing to a prosperous 
village. They would not yield, and 
he then determined to have a new 
town, three miles south, on Flat 



we once named a flat-boat for you, and we 
will name the town for Sarah." Her pet 
name was 'Sed'; so they called the town 
'Sedville'. Our father had delightful friends 
at St. Louis, and often Sarah and I would 
accompany him there. Among them was 
Mr. Josiah Dent, who became much inter- 
ested in the new town and its name. To him 
the 'ville' was decidedly objectionable; it 
did not comport with the flourishing city of 
our dreams. He suggested the termination 
'alia' in its place; and this so delighted father 
that it was at once accepted. 'Sedalia' has 
since been the town's name." 




Gen. Smith's House, in Sedalia, 1900 



Cieek, where Sedalia, with its 20,000 
people now is. He bought a few 
hundred acres of prairie land there, 
and in 1858 offered them for sale in 
house and shop lots. They gradually 
sold, and Sedalia has now drained 
away the population of Georgetown, 
which hardly exceeds a hundred by 
the last census. The explanation of 
the town's name must here be made, 
for not one person in a hundred would 
guess its origin. Mrs. Smith says: 

"The name of the town gave our family 
great pleasure in the selection. Father and 
mother decided to name it for my sister Sarah 
(Mrs. Cotton), laughingly saying to me, "Bet, 



By this time and before, the Kansas 
troubles were upon the people of 
Missouri and the country. As early 
as October, 1854, the slaveholders of 
western Missouri began to organize 
secret lodges for the extension of 
slavery into Kansas, from Missouri 
and the South. About this time 
General Smith was spending the night 
with a personal and political friend 
in a neighboring town, by whom he 
was told that a secret organization 
was meeting that evening at the 
Court House. He was asked to join 
it, and told he would like it; and he 
went with his friend to the room, and 



114 



The Granite Monthly 



there found some 40 members. A 
Bible was brought forward, and it 
was proposed to give him an oath that 
he would do all in his power to make 
Kansas a slave state. He at once 
refused, and when they began to 
argue with him, he replied, "I am not 
a fit subject for your organization, 
and by your leave I will retire." Six 
months after, April, 1855, he was 
attacked in a newspaper, and asked 
to resign his seat in the legislature, 
to which, among other things he 
replied : 

"At a recent meeting I stated that I was 
born the owner of slaves, and had always 
owned them; that the larger portion of my 
property consisted in slaves; and that it was 
not necessary for me to make long and loud 
professions of my loyalty to the South; that 
I desired to see Kansas a slave state, other- 
wise we would have non-slaveholding states on 
three sides of us, and slave property would 
be almost valueless in Missouri. But this 
consideration, however important pecuniarily, 
was nothing in comparison to the obligations 
under which I was placed. I was then, and 
am now, under an oath to support the Con- 
stitution of the United States, and the Con- 
stitution of Missouri. If the object of the 
meeting was to induce bona fide settlers to 
to move into Kansas, then I am as warmly 
in favor of the movement as any gentleman 
here. But if the object is to induce persons 
to go to Kansas merely to vote, — who are 
citizens of Pettis and mean to remain such, — 
then I am opposed to this movement, and 
my advice to every one who hears me is, 
to stay at home and attend to hisown business. 
And I here declare my determination to 
oppose any infraction of the laws of my 
country, by persons residing either in the 
non-slaveholding or in the slave states." 

This purpose of General Smith was 
adhered to through thick and thin. 
He lost his slaves — beginning in 1857, 
when a singular affair occurred, illus- 
trative both of the state of public 
feeling, and of the sturdy character 
of Smith. One September day, in 
Buchanan's first year of the Presi- 
dency, a well-dressed lad, Henry 



Spencer, with a knapsack on his. back, 
called at the Smith house in George- 
town, asking for a drink of water. 
He was invited to dine, and told his 
story of running away from school in 
Philadelphia, and from a counting- 
room in Cincinnati. His father was 
consul-general at Paris, and had lost 
patience with his faithless son, threat- 
ening to disown him if he ran away 
again. Henry was invited to visit 
the Smiths until arrangements could 
be made for his returning home; and 
did stay three weeks, riding the horses, 
playing with the children and the 
negroes, and enjoying himself hugely. 
Mrs. Smith goes on : 

"One morning at the end of three weeks, 
while father was in St. Louis, we were sur- 
prised to find Juliet the cook, mother and 
grandmother of all our negroes except Henry, 
crying in the kitchen. — "Henry is gone, and 
Harriet is gone and Nancy is gone, and all the 
horses are gone." Young Spencer was also 
gone, and our saddles were gone. My mother 
and I went over to the village and told the 
news, and before noon a dozenmen, armed and 
mounted, had gone in search of the fugitives. 
They were found on the western border of Mis- 
souri, and made to retrace their steps, the cap- 
tors, with much self-sacrifice, deciding to wait 
till they got home before they lynched the 
young offender. He was made to ride with his 
face to the tail of his horse, which no doubt 
impressed him as simply a novel idea, and 
the whole party were lodged in jail. Father 
reached home the same afternoon, visited 
the jail, and decided that the negroes had 
run off with the boy, not he with them. He 
seemed to think they had as much right to a 
pleasure trip, or to their freedom, as anybody. 
. . . Father joined the boy's cousin, S. L. 
Clement of Philadelphia, in a petition to the 
governor for pardon; certificates showed 
that he was immature in intellect, and 
deficient in moral principle, and the governor 
granted the pardon the same day, Dec. 17, 
1857. By collusion with the jailer the boy 
was stolen out of jail before day, and sent to 
our house, to await the stage which carried 
him to Jefferson City, on his way home. 
The slaves concerned had all been reared 
from infancy in the family. Two of them 



Missouri and New Hampshire 



115 



had to be sold, to appease the outraged feeling 
of the community; but the elder woman the 
General refused to sell, because she had 
children. It makes my heart sick now to 
think of Henry. We never heard of him 
after he was sold. I hope to meet him in 
heaven, and be forgiven the injustice of 
keeping him in slavery. He must have 
passed into eternity before the war, or he 
would have come to let us hear from him." 

By this time, indeed, General 
Smith was in full accord with Benton, 
Frank Blair, Giatz Brown, and Abra- 
ham Lincoln, in favor of emancipation 
in Missouri. The matter is briefly 
mentioned in Newton's very impor- 
tant volume, "Lincoln and Herndon" 
published last year at Cedar Rapids, 
Iowa. On page 114 of that book, 
Herndon, Lincoln's partner, writes to 
Theodore Parker: 

"I had a most entertaining conversation 
yesterday with one of the leading emanci- 
pationists of Missouri, and one of the leading 
Republicans of Illinois. Do not ask who 
they are; this is the substance of it: The 
Missouri Democrat is to open and bloom for 
Republicanism in 1860; the Louisville Journal 
is to follow, and some paper in Virginia is to 
fall into the trail, — all of which is, as it were, 
to happen accidentally. The Democrat is 
simply to suggest, the Journal is to suggest 
still stronger, and at last all are to open wide 
for Republicanism. These two are more 
than ordinary men; the conversation was in 
my office, and was confidential; therefore I 
keep it dark." 

This conversation was on April 7, 
1857, at Springfield, 111. In February 
before, Gratz Brown had made an 
emancipation speech in the Missouri 
legislature, and had communicated 
it to Smith and to Blair. The former 
was not then ready to take public 
ground for emancipation, but he 
moved along rapidly in that direction. 

In 1860 he was in the habit of say- 
ing: "If the South brings on civil war, 
they may have my negroes for three 
bits the dozen"; and in February, 
1861, General Smith said in a Union 
speech at Georgetown: 



"If every man, woman and child in Mis- 
souri should vote for going out of the Union, 
I would vote for staying in; and if every 
state in the Union should go out but Massa- 
chusetts, I would go to Massachusetts, if I 
had to crawl on my hands and knees to get 
there." 

It was prudent to hold back from 
practical emancipation in 1857; but 
that Blair and Brown were working 
in that direction in 1857-58 was 
known to me at the time. I had 
ceased to vote in New Hampshire in 
1855, and was living in Massachusetts, 
and helping my friend Samuel Bowles 
edit the Boston Traveller, when he 
took me one day to dine at Parker's 
in Boston, at what was then called 
the "Banks Club." Present on that 
occasion was Frank Blair, and either 
then or soon after, Gratz Brown, 
editor of the St. Louis Democrat; 
and they were outspoken in favor of 
emancipation in Missouri. My own 
activity in favor of making Kansas a 
free state in the years 1856-57, made 
me familiar with all the plans of the 
time, open or secret; and I was inti- 
mate with Theodore Parker, with 
whom Herndon was in frequent cor- 
respondence. New Hampshire had 
done her share in the Kansas move- 
ment, and several of her citizens had 
found a foothold there. 

When the rebels fired on Fort 
Sumter, General Smith, too old to 
bear arms, was yet most active in 
organizing union regiments in Mis- 
souri. He had long known General 
Lyon, who drove the rebels out of St. 
Louis, and forced the treasonable 
governor to show his hand for seces- 
sion. Smith stood bravely by the 
most pronounced friends of the Union, 
saw his property exposed to ruin and 
himself to insult; but became one of 
the firmest and wisest of the Radical 
Republicans of Missouri, who in 1864 
abolished slavery by state action, and 
supported Lincoln in all his measures. 
When Johnson succeeded Lincoln, al- 
though General Smith was then 
a federal officeholder, he stoutly op- 



116 



The Granite Monthly 



posed the renegade President, and 
lived to see the government restored to 
the hands of its sincere friends. 
He died in 1879, — hispropertyrestored 
and increased, his city flourishing, and 
himself honored and beloved for 
his sturdy patriotism and his gener- 
ous sentiments. 

When Chancellor Hoyt of the 
Washington University at St. Louis, 
had been there long enough to warrant 
him in doing so, he offered me a posi- 
tion in the teaching force of his college. 
A little earlier I had been offered the 
headship of the Lawrence Academy, 
at Lawrence in Kansas, by the late 
Amos Lawrence, second of the name, 
and father of Bishop Lawrence. This 
is now the State University of Kansas. 
For good reasons I declined both offers 
Such were my political relations that 
I knew my presence in Missouri 
would be an embarassment for my 
old instructor, to whom I wished 
every success in his new field of action. 
As for Kansas, I was ready to do all 
that I could to promote its freedom 
from slavery, but New England 



seemed to be indicated as my proper 
sphere of exertion. So it happened 
that for the early years of the Civil 
War I should not have been welcomed 
in the great state of Missouri, and 
could have done little to improve its 
political and social condition. 

But in time my good friend, the 
philosopher and educator, Dr. W. T. 
Harris, was chosen as Superintendent 
of Schools at St. Louis, and for nine 
years held that difficult and influential 
place. He became there the center 
of a group of philosophers, German, 
Scotch and American, and estab- 
lished in St. Louis the best philo- 
sophic quarterly Review ever seen in 
America. Combining with the sur- 
vivors of the Transcendentalist party 
in New England, Doctor Harris and 
his friends formed the Concord 
"School of Philosophy," and for ten 
years maintained lectures of a high 
order at Concord, where Doctor 
Harris came to reside for ten years. 
And there has long been sweet peace 
between Missouri and New Hamp- 
shire. 



FANTASY 



By Laura Garland Carr 

O Fantasy! Dear Fantasy! 
How dull this prosy earth would be 
Without the magic of your light 
To make the desert places bright! 

You take from grief and woe their sting, 
O'er poverty your mantle fling, 
You lift the weight of brooding care, 
You make the lowliest dwelling fair. 



By you designs and arts are led, 
By you poetic fires are fed. 
You can grim death from terrors free 
And rob the grave of Mystery. 

You bring to us our heart's desire, 
You add a glow to friendship's fire; 
And what would love — the mighty — be 
Without your aid — dear Fantasy? 



TO AN OLD BIBLE 

By Mary Carrier Rolofson 

Dear, blessed Book, whose well-worn pages tell 
How thou hast been beloved in days of yore, 

Thou hast performed thy sacred mission well, 
Faithful to all who turned thy pages o'er. 

A lamp to feet that walked in darkened ways, 
To feet that ways of error may have trod; 

A lamp to light for youth life's wondrous maze, 
And guide them, past all perils, safe to God. 

Ah, would that we thy history could know! 

Perhaps some little child, when thou wast new, 
Bore thee to Sunday School, sedate and slow, 

To learn from thee the Gospel story true. 

Perhaps some mother at the parting hour, 

When her beloved went from home, with tears, 

Praying that God would keep him through His power, 
Gave him this book to bless his coming years. 

We may not know; but thou hast been revered, 
Treasured, though not unused, nor laid away, 

Ever with passing years the more endeared 

Till sight grew dim and shining locks were gray. 

"Let not your heart be troubled." Here we see 
Sad eyes have often read. The page is worn. 
A pencil underlines, "Come unto Me," 

And marks the blessing for the hearts that mourn. 

A bit of fern and one pale violet 

Lie on the page beside the Shepherd psalm; 

In pastures green they grew, dew-wet, 

Beside still waters, crystal-clear and calm. 

Dear, blessed Book, the hearts that loved thee best 
Will beat no more within their walls of clay; 

Those ransomed souls are entered into rest, 
And thou hast pointed out to them the way. 

Thy work is almost over, thou art old. 

Thou lookest quaint, and strange of type and page; 
But other Books the message thou hast told 

Shall tell to souls of this our later age. 

God's word thou art, that shall not pass away, 
Nor shall return unto Him void and vain. 

The ends of earth await thee, and the sway 
Of Him whose right it is o'er all to reign. 




REV. CHARLES GORDON AMES, D. D. 



Courtesy of the Christian Register. 



REV. CHARLES GORDON AMES, D. D. 

Three men, than whom no others attending an academy. In 1849 he 

have left a deeper impress upon the was ordained to the ministry, and, 

religious life of New England and the returning east, was located for a time 

world at large, were born or reared as a preacher in the town of Tam- 

in the state of New Hampshire and worth. In 1850 he was united in 

found the chief field of their life work marriage with Sarah Jane Daniels of 

in the city of Boston. These men, — Dover, and the following year ac- 

all great apostles of liberal Chris- cepted an appointment as a Free Bap- 

tianity, — were James Freeman Clarke, tist missionary at St. Anthony, Minn. 

Alonzo Ames Miner and Charles He continued in this field for four 

Gordon Ames, the first two having years, and then became editor of the 

completed their labors many years Minnesota Republican, the first paper 

since, while the last answered the of its kind in that region, and was 

final summons on the fifteenth day soon after elected registrar of deeds, 

of the present month. serving two years. Meanwhile he had 

Doctor Ames, who succeeded James been lead by study and investigation 

Freeman Clarke as pastor of the to a decided change in his religious 

Church of the Disciples upon the views, and was granted an honorable 

personal selection of the latter, al- dismissal from the Free Baptist min- 

though a native of Dorchester, Mass., istry, though his relations with his 

born October 3, 1828, was left an old associates of that faith ever 

orphan in early infancy, and adopted remained most pleasant and kindly, 

soon after, by the late Maj. Thomas He preached at times as an independ- 

Ames of Canterbury in this state, ent to large outdoor congregations 

where he had his home until fourteen at St. Anthony, and exercised a 

years of age, attending the district strong influence upon the thought of 

school and laboring at farm employ- the people. 

ment. The district schools of Can- Visiting Boston in 1858, he came 
terbury in those days, and later, were in close contact with the Unitarian 
noted for thoroughness of instruction leaders, with whom he found himself 
and a high order of scholarship, and in sympathy, and in that fellowship 
the stimulus here afforded his nat- he thereafter continued. His first 
urally Vigorous mind continued in charge in that field of labor was over 
full force during his service in the a society which he himself organized 
Morning Star printing establishment at Bloomington, 111., in 1859, and over 
at Dover, which he entered as an which he presided until 1862. Sub- 
apprentice at the age of fourteen, sequently he held short pastorates 
The Morning Star was then, as now, at Cincinnati, O., and Albany, N. Y., 
the organ of the Free Baptist denom- and in 1865 was sent to California by 
ination, in whose faith he had been the American Unitarian Association, 
reared, but out of which he ultimately and there spent several years in the 
grew into another and broader field organization of societies and in gen- 
of religious life. era! educational work, in San Fran- 
Improving all the opportunities for cisco and in different parts of the 
study at his command, and directing state. In 1872 he became pastor of 
his thought mainly along theological the Unitarian society in Germant own, 
lines, he was licensed as a preacher Pa., continuing for five years, till 
at the early age of eighteen years and 1877, when he assumed editorial 
went West, where, in Ohio, he engaged charge of the Christian Register, the 
in preaching and teaching, meanwhile Unitarian denominational organ, then 
continuing his studies and for a time as now, published in Boston, which 



120 The Granite Monthly 

position he filled with great ability measures for the promotion of real 

till 1880, when he went to Philadel- social service and civic betterment 

phia. Here he organized the Spring he gave ready and loyal support, and 

Garden Unitarian society and min- he was particularly interested in the 

istered to the same for eight years, "New Voters' League," designed to 

when he resigned to assume the aid the preparation of young men 

pastorate of the Church of the Dis- for the responsible duties of citizen- 

ciples in Boston, upon the death of ship. He was foremost in all charitable 

Rev. James Freeman Clarke, by and reform work, a foe of all forms of 

whom he had been selected as his oppression, broadly democratic in his 

successor many years previously, and views and habits, and an outspoken 

in which position he continued his opponent of continued American 

labors till the end. His pastorate was domination in the Philippines, as 

most successful in all respects, and diametrically opposed to the funda- 

it was largely through his efforts that mental principles of our republican 

the erection of the society's elegant government. He was a member of 

new house of worship in the Fenway, the American Philosophical Society, 

opened for use six years ago, was the Twentieth Century Club, the 

effected. Boston Thursday Evening Club, and 

Several volumes of his works, some various other civic and philanthropic 
of them made up of his best sermons, organizations. His grandest and most 
have been given to the public, among enduring monument is found in the 
the titles being " George Eliot's Two words of the immortal covenant of 
Marriages," "As Natural as Life," which he was the author, now so 
"Sermons of Sunrise," "Five Points widely adopted by churches of the 
of Faith," "Living Largely," "Hid- liberal faith, as follows: "In the free- 
den Life, " "Peter and Susan Lesley," dom of Truth, and the spirit of Jesus 
"Poems" and "A Book of Prayer"; Christ, we unite for the worship of 
while large numbers of his sermons God and the service of Man. " 
have been published in pamphlet His home on Chestnut Street, in 
form. In 1896 Bates College, his Boston, was the resort of a wide 
alma mater, conferred upon him the circle of friends, where all were cheer- 
honorary degree of Doctor of Laws, fully welcomed — none more so than 

Aside from his purely ministerial young men seeking guidance in the 
and pastoral work Doctor Ames way of truth and right, either in civic 
labored earnestly and effectively for or religious life. His eightieth birth- 
the elevation and progress of man- day anniversary, October 3, 1908, was 
kind, both with pen and voice. He the occasion of a notable gathering at 
was an ardent supporter of the Union the home of the American Unitarian 
cause during the Civil War, and his Association, on Beacon Street, Bos- 
addresses on public affairs, during and ton, at which not only many repre- 
after the war in various parts of the sentative Unitarians, but prominent 
country were heard with splendid men of all sects, were in attendance 
effect. He was a firm friend of the to do him honor, among the speakers 
freedman and a faithful supporter of being President Charles W. Eliot of 
Booker Washington in his work for Harvard, Rev. Edward Everett Hale, 
their education and improvement, and others of note. 
The cause of temperance had in him His first wife died at Bloomington, 
an unyielding friend, and he was 111., in 1861, leaving one son, Charles 
among the earliest and most devoted W. Ames, now of St. Paul, Minn, 
adherents of the woman suffrage June 25, 1863, he married Fanny, 
cause, the promise of whose complete daughter of Mr. Increase Baker of 
success gave him no small measure of Cincinnati, O., who survives him, 
satisfaction in his last days. To all with two daughters, Alice Vivian, 



Rev. Charles Gordon Ames, D. D. 



121 



wife of Thomas G. Winter of Minne- 
apolis, and Edith Theodora, wife of 
Raymond M. Crosby, a Boston artist. 

The last rites over the mortal 
remains of this good friend of man 
and true disciple of the Master, which 
were thereafter conveyed to the 
Forest Hills Crematory for ultimate 
disposition, and the final honors to 
his memory, were observed at noon 
on Thursday, April 18, in the church 
where he had so long ministered, 
which was filled to its capacity by 
friends, members of the society, rep- 
resentative Unitarians and citizens 
generally. 

Various clergymen had part in the 
service. Prayer was offered by Rev. 
Abraham M. Ribbany, present pastor; 
scripture reading was by Rev. Howard 
N. Brown, and Rev. Charles F. Dole 
of Jamaica Plain, Rev. Reuben Kid- 
ner of Trinity Church, Louis R. Nash 
and the Rev. Samuel A. Eliot, D.D., 
President of the American Unitarian 
Association, all paid brief and eloquent 
tribute to the departed. 

Frank Lynes, the church organist, 
was in charge of the music. The 
regular quartet led the congregation 
in singing "Rise, My Soul, and 
Stretch Thy Wings" and "While 
Thee I Seek, Protecting Power," and 
the anthem, "There are Deep Things 
of God," was given by the quartet. 

The honorary pall bearers were 
Rev. George Batchelor, D.D., a suc- 
cessor to Doctor Ames as editor of 
the Christian Register; Rev. William 
Channing Brown, field secretary of 
the American Unitarian Society; Ed- 
ward A. Church, one of the oldest 
officers of the society; Rev. Christo- 
pher R. Eliot of the Bulfinch Place 
Church, George H. Ellis, Rev. Roger 
S. Forbes of Dorchester, Rev. Paul 
Revere Frothingham of Boston, 
Francis J. Garrison, Rev. Bradley 
Gilman of Canton, Rev. Edward Hale 
of Chestnut Hill, Rev. Robert F. 
Leavens of Fitchburg, Miss Mary L. 
Leggett, minister of the First Unita- 
rian Society, Revere, Rev. William H. 
Lyon, D.D., of Brookline, Edwin D. 



Mead, Louis R. Nash, Rev. Charles 
E. Park, Moorfield Storey, Rev. 
Thomas Van Ness and Rev. J, Her- 
man W T hitmore of Stoneham. 

Perhaps no more fitting tribute to 
the life and character of Doctor Ames 
has yet been penned than that of 
Edwin D. Mead, the well-known 
author and lecturer, son of New 
Hampshire, his friend and co-worker 
in the cause of humanity, appearing 
in the Boston Herald of April 17, as 
follows: 

Rev. Charles G. Ames, whose going from 
us, although at so ripe an age and after so 
long an illness, deeply touches Boston's heart, 
was a pronounced American. It might be 
said of him as unreservedly as Lowell said 
it of Lincoln, whom Doctor Ames loved so 
profoundly, "nothing of Europe here." He 
was a most indigenous man and smacked of 
our soil. He was, too, a most national Amer- 
ican, free from every sectionalism and pro- 
vincialism, with sympathies as broad as the 
prairies and purposes as high and white as 
the Sierras. He began his preaching life in 
Ohio; he lived for years in Minnesota; his 
first Unitarian pastorate was in Illinois, and 
there were subsequent chapters in Albany, 
Cincinnati, California and Philadelphia. 

There were thus few parts of the country 
where he was not thoroughly at home. But 
we here remember proudly and lovingly 
today that he was emphatically a New Eng- 
lander, and at the first and at the last belonged 
to Boston. Within the limits of the present 
Boston he was born; on a New Hampshire 
farm in the Merrimack Valley his boyhood was 
spent; while still a very youth we find him 
preaching under the shadow of Chocorua, 
and he goes back to that beautiful region 
in the late summer of his life to play with a 
farm among the hills. The ministry by 
which he will be chiefly remembered is the 
long Boston pastorate. The first quarter of 
the life belonged to New England and the 
last quarter wholly to Boston. 

Following Doctor Hale at an interval of 
but three years, Doctor Ames was the last 
figure in a great Unitarian group. There 
was no other in the group whose mind had 
in its very texture more of New England 
transcendentalism. There was no other quite 



122 



The Granite Monthly 



so Emersonian. A hundred of his sermons 
were almost Emerson essays. He had Emer- 
son's firm and quiet faith, his penetration and 
poetry of nature, his wit and humor and 
sententiousness, his gift for homely illustra- 
tion, his buoyant optimism and his democ- 
racy. He recognized in all, as he himself 
once said, his brothers and sisters; and his 
heart was so full of love that his impulse was 
not simply to shake hands with men, but to 
throw his arms around them. His mind was 
as original and full of surprises as Doctor 
Bartol's, whose last home was just across 
Chestnut street from Doctor Ames's own last 
home. But his life was as steady and serene 
it as was surprising. One of his volumes is 
called "Sermons of Sunrise," another "As 
Natural as Life," another "Living Largely. " 
It was a sunny and a shining life and a large 
life which Boston and the country remember 
so gratefully today. It was a life devoted to 
religion and to the commonwealth. No man 
was more interested in affairs. He was early 
an abolitionist; he had Lincoln at his table 
in Bloomington when he was minister there, 
and when three years ago he reprinted, 
unchanged, fifty years afterward, the sermon 
which he preached in Bloomington when John 
Brown was hanged, we found that he had 
dealt with that critical episode at the height 
of the excitement with the firm judgment of 
the historian as well as the glow and insight 
of the prophet . 

Of his fidelity and courage in the great 
industrial and political issues of these recent 
years it is superfluous to speak, for his ringing 
words are in our ears. He hated our new 
and un-American militarism and imperialism 
with a holy hatred. Politics was to him as 
religious as to the Puritan. \Yhen the New- 



Voters' Festivals were inaugurated a dozen 
years ago at Fanueil Hall, he gave the festival 
the noblest name it ever had, that of "a 
political consecration service"; and from the 
first for as many years as he was able, he was 
always present there to lead the impressive 
gathering of young men in repeating the 
historic old Freeman's Oath of our Massa- 
chusetts fathers: "I do solemnly bind myself 
that I will give my vote and suffrage as I 
shall judge in my own conscience may best 
conduce to the public weal, so help me God." 
His conspicuous place in those New Voters' 
Festivals best expresses to many of us who 
remember his impressive words and presence 
there the consecrated spirit which he brought 
into our politics and society. His religious 
spirit is equally well summed up in the simple 
covenant which he prepared for one of his 
own congregations, and whose beauty and 
sufficiency were so instantly recognized by 
thousands that they in their churches have 
made it their covenant too: "In the freedom 
of Truth and the spirit of Jesus Christ we 
unite for the worship of God and the service 
of Man." It is doubtful whether in all this 
modern time any other covenant for a congre- 
gation of religious men joining together to 
help turn earth into heaven has been created 
so simple, so comprehensive and so satisfying 
as this. A life giving us this memorable 
word alone would have been a life of great 
service. The word was but one flowering 
of the opulent, consecrated and aspiring life 
of Charles G. Ames, a life devoted hopefully 
and believingly from beginning to end to 
what another has called skeptically "the 
foolish attempt to make the world over," 
to the endeavor to establish on earth the 
kingdom of God. 



HOMO IXEBRIATUS 

By Bela Chapin 



Oppressed with ills and full of woes 
Behold the sad inebriate goes 
Toward the region of the dead 
With cloud and darkness overspread! 
May God remove the rust and stain, 
And lenovate a soul insane. 



THE CONGREGATIONAL CHURCH OF 

PEMBROKE 



By an Occasional Contributor 



In all New Hampshire there is no 
more delightful section of country 
road than the three mile stretch 
of highway known as "Pembroke 
Street." Bordered by fertile farms 
and attractive homes on either side, 
and commanding a magnificent view 
of the Merrimack Valley and the 
hills beyond, whether one passes over 
the route on foot, by team, auto- 
mobile or trolley, he cannot fail to 
be charmed by the view, near or 
distant, that meets his vision in any 
direction. The most commanding 
object, on the southerly, more ele- 
vated and most thickly settled por- 
tion of the "street," is the Congre- 
gational church edifice, the only 
house of worship in this portion of 
the town, whose tall spire is discerni- 
ble from long distances, and has been 
a prominent landmark for years 
beyond the memory of the present 
generation. 

Nearby, to the northward, on the 
same side of the street, stands the 
old town house, built a century ago, 
for town purposes, and also occupied 
as the home of the Pembroke Grange 
since its organization in 1885, while 
a few rods to the southward, is the 
fine new brick Pembroke Academy 
building, occupied by one of the few 
old-time academies of the State, 
enjoying renewed prosperity after 
nearly a century of existence, and 
serving every purpose of a town high 
school, besides attracting pupils from 
abroad. 

Pembroke, like most of our New 
Hampshire towns, was settled by a 
God-fearing, and a humanity loving, 
people, and in the early days of the 
settlement (the town being first 
known as Suncook, and embracing a 
far larger territory than at present) 
a pastor was called, Rev. Aaron 



Whittemore being the first incumbent. 
He was ordained and installed March 
12, 1737, some five years after the 
erection of the first log church in 
which services had been held from 
time to time by such preachers as 
could be employed. 

Mr. Whittemore's pastorate ex- 
tended over a period of thirty years, 
till his death November 17, 1767, but 




Congregational Church, Pembroke 

was by no means a season of uninter- 
rupted prosperity, many difficulties 
arising, not the least of which was 
dissension in the "flock," a considera- 
ble portion of whom were Presby- 
terians, not in sympathy with the 
Congregational polity, and seeking 
conformity with their own plan of 
church government and worship — so 
much so that they ultimately set up 
a church of their own, and maintained 



124 



The Granite Monthly 



separate worship for a number of 
years, though the same was ultimately 
abandoned, and the two churches 
united. 

Rev. Jacob Emery, was the next 
pastor, being installed, August 3, 1768, 
continuing until his dismissal, March 
23, 1775. There was no settled pas- 
tor for the next five years, but in 
March, 1780, the Rev. Zaccheus Colby 
was settled and continued in the 
pastorate for twenty-three years, till 
May 11, 1803, when he was dismissed. 




Rev. Thomas W. Harwood 

The pastorate again remained vacant, 
until the settlement of Rev. Abraham 
Burnham, a native of Dunbarton 
and a graduate of Dartmouth, of the 
class of 1804, who was ordained and 
installed, March 2, 1808, the Pres- 
byterians and Congregationalists hav- 
ing united and formed a new church, 
the preceding year. 

The pastorate of Mr. Burnham, 
who was a learned and able man, con- 
spicuous in the community and the 
state, and who received the honorary 
degree of D.D. from his alma mater, 
was a long and remarkable one, con- 



tinuing until his dismissal at his own 
request, November 20, 1850, when 
his successor, Rev. John H. Merrill, 
was also installed. During Doctor 
Burnham's miaistry 303 members 
were added to the church on confes- 
sion and 120 by letter. The record 
also adds that during the same time 
he baptized 654 persons, officiated 
at 650 funerals and solemnized 604 
marriages. 

Following Mr. Merrill, who served 
three years, a brief pastorate was 
held by Rev. Robert Crossett, who 
was followed for eight years by Rev. 
Lewis Goodrich. Brief pastorates 
were successively held by Revs. N. F. 
Carter, Benjamin Merrill, Lyman 
White, Edward P. Stone, Cyrus M. 
Perry, CassanderC. Sampson, Frank- 
lin P. Wood, Arthur N. Ward and 
Edward P. Tenney. Rev. Paul 
E. Bourne, served about a dozen 
years, from 1893, when he was suc- 
ceeded by Rev. E. J. Riggs now of 
Meredith, and he in March 1909, by 
the present pastor, Rev. Thomas W. 
Harwood. 

There had been several church 
edifices in town, following the first 
rude structure of logs, built in 1733. 
One on the site of the present building 
was erected in 1804. The present 
church was erected in 1836, at a cost 
of about $3,500 and remodeled and 
improved in 1871 at an expense of 
$1,750. Since then other improve- 
ments have been made, including 
reseating and a steel ceiling, so that 
now it is in excellent condition, with 
a pleasant vestry and supper room 
attached. 

The church has prospered greatly 
under the present pastorate, fifteen 
members being added at Easter last 
year and eighteen this year. There is 
a thriving Sunday School in connec- 
tion, a prosperous Christian Endeavor 
Society and the banner "Junior" 
society of the county. The Ladies' 
Social Circle works earnestly and 
harmoniously, giving suppers and 
entertainments that are largely pat- 
ronized, and effectively promoting 



The Congregational Church of Pembroke 



125 



the social welfare of the society and 
community. 

The present pastor, Rev. Thomas 
W. Harwood, is a native of England, 
the son of a Methodist clergyman, 
educated at the famous Kingswood 
school, founded by John Wesley. 
He came to this country in 1895, and 
pursued a theological course at the 
Bangor (Me.) Seminary, graduating 
in 1898. He held short pastorates 
successively at Garland, Me., Lou- 
don, N. H., Fairview, Kans., and 
Bakersfield, Vt., coming from the 
latter to Pembroke, where he has won 
the fullest confidence of his people 
and the esteem of the community at 
large, by his faithful service as a 



pastor and his deep interest in all 
that pertains to the public welfare. 
He married, in 1899, Miss Nellie 
Sawyer of Garland, Me., and they 
have four children, two boys and two 
girls, with whom they occupy the 
society's pleasant parsonage, a short 
distance from the church on the oppo- 
site side of the street. 

It may be added that the church 
in Pembroke, maintains the most 
harmonious relations with the Grange, 
of which the pastor is also a member, 
and that these, with the Academy, 
constitute a trinity of forces working 
together for the uplift of the people in 
intellectual, moral and spiritual life. 



THE OLD HOMESTEAD 

By Hannah B. Merriam 

Old and worn, the rain and wind 
Have left many a scar and seam, 

It here is marked and there is lined, 
Till we are lost in midday dream. 

The door stone, which no chisel wrought, 

Bears impress of a softer mold, 
But those who once its threshold sought 

Have long since found a broader fold. 

Again I see the quaint old room, 
Its darkened walls and sanded floor, 

Where spinning-wheel and household loom 
Lent music in the days of yore, 

A ruddy fire, its glowing heat 

Lights hands that point to twilight hour, 
Lights windows, 'gainst which snow and sleet 

Are drifting, while the storm-clouds lower. 

Beside the fire a couple sit, 

Whose hearts have ever beat in rhyme; 
Watching the embers fall and flit, 

Read stories of the olden time, 

Till hearts grow young and faces beam. 

Glasses and cane are dropped aside; 
The passing years seem but a dream. 

They live again a groom and bride. 

Their ashes rest 'neath lowly mounds, 
Where wild flowers mid the grasses grow, 

Where winter in its yearly rounds 
Builds monuments of crystal snow. 



NEW HAMPSHIRE NECROLOGY 



WALTER BURLEIGH 

Walter Burleigh, a leading citizen of Frank- 
lin, and one of the best known men in Merri- 
mack County, died at his home in that city, 
February 24, 1912. 

He was a son of the late Henry and Eliza 
(Gregg) Burleigh, born on the old Burleigh 
farm, on the river, September 12, 1831, the 
late Wallace Burleigh, who died last year, 
being his twin brother. 

In early life he engaged in the wood and 
coal business, but in 1856 went into trade in 
the dry goods and grocery line, in which his 
brother the late Rufus G. Burleigh was, later, 
associated with him. The brothers built the 
first brick block in Franklin Falls. 

Mr. Burleigh was postmaster of Franklin 
twelve years, from 1874. He served in the 
legislature in 1863 and 1864. He was for some 
time a member of the board of education and 
superintended the construction of the Frank- 
lin High School building. In 1898, he was 
chosen one of the Commissioners of Merrimack 
County. 

He is survived by a son, Walter E. Burleigh, 
now in the service of the Interstate Commerce 
Commission, and a daughter Miss Mary 
Burleigh of Franklin. 

DR. JOHN W. PARSONS 

John W. Parsons, M. D., long a prominent 
physician of Portsmouth, died at his home in 
that city February 28, 1912. 

He was a son of the late Col. Thomas J. 
and Eliza (Brown) Parsons, of Rye, born 
August 1, 1841. His father was adjutant of 
the 35th regiment in the old New Hampshire 
militia and Lieutenant Colonel of the 1st 
regiment in 1836, being, also, an aide-de-camp 
of Geo. Isaac Hill. 

Doctor Parsons studied medicine with the 
late Dr. Levi G. Hill of Dover, and, later, 
graduated from the Harvard Medical School. 
He served as assistant-surgeon in the 24th 
Massachusetts Volunteers in the Civil War, 
and then settled in Portsmouth in the practice 
of his profession, which he had followed suc- 
cessfully for half a century. He was president 
of the board of trustees of the Chase Home 
for Children in Portsmouth, a trustee of the 
Hospital and of the Portsmouth Athenseum. 
He was a Democrat in politics, a member of 
Storer Post, G. A. R., and of St. John's 
Lodge, A. F. & A.M. 

WILLIAM C. HARRIS 

William Calvin Harris, a life long resident 
and the oldest man in the town of Windham, 
born December 14, 1822, died in the home of 
his birth March 7, 1912. 

He was the eleventh and last surviving 
child of the Rev. Samuel and Ruth (Pratt) 



Harris. He was educated in public and pri- 
vate schools, taught, himself, for several 
years, but finally devoted himself to agricul- 
ture on the home farm, which he inherited, 
from his father, by whom it had been cleared, 
and who was the town minister from 1805 to 
1826. He was active and prominent in town 
affairs, serving ten years on the school board, 
four years as town clerk, six years as treasurer, 
ten years as moderator, chairman of the board 
of selectmen two years, supervisor four years, 
and representative in the legislature in 1865. 
He was a leading member of the Presbyterian 
church of Windham, and had been one of its 
ruling elders and deacons since 1878. He was 
also superintendent of the Sunday school from 
1878 to 1888 inclusive. In 1897, he was 
a delegate to the Presbyterian General 
Assembly. 

June 22, 1853, he married Philena Heald 
Dinsmoor, daughter of Dea. Samuel Dins- 
moor of Auburn, who survives him, with one 
son, William S. Harris who lives at the home 
place, and one daughter, Ella, wife of J. W. 
M. Worledge also of Windham. 

ARTHUR E. POOLE 

Arthur E. Poole of Jaffrey, prominent in 
the Grange and agricultural life, and a lead- 
ing citizen of the town, died of pneumonia at 
his home in that town, March 23, 1912. 

He was a son of Joel H. Poole, a well known 
Grand Army man, with whom he was asso- 
ciated in the proprietorship of the famous 
summer resort known as "The Ark." He 
was a Past Master of Jaffrey Grange, Past 
Noble Grand of Monadnock Lodge, I. O. O. F., 
of East Jaffrey, and a member of the Masonic 
lodge at Peterborough and Commandery at 
Keene. He is survived by a wife, and his 
parents. 

DR. JULIA COGSWELL CLARKE 

Julia Cogswell Clarke, a native of Manches- 
ter, daughter of the late Attorney General 
William C. Clarke and Anna Maria Greeley, 
a long time teacher, and later successful 
practitioner of osteopathy, died at her home, 
14Eggleston St., Jamaica Plain, Mass., April 
14, 1912. 

She was born September 14, 1844, and 
educated in the Manchester schools. She 
was a student of rare attainments, and was for 
some twenty years an assistant in theChauncey 
Hall School, Boston. She was also for a time 
an instructor in a school for the blind in 
London. She was interested in literary work, 
and was a member and secretary of the 
Appalachian Mountain Club. She was the 
owner of a fine estate in Gilmanton, which she 
occupied as a summer home. She was a 
member of the Massachusetts Cremation 
Society, which took charge of the remains 



New Hampghire Necrology 



127 



after the funeral service which was holden 
at the residence of Dr. Edith Cave, 22 Cypress 
Place, Brookline. She left no relatives nearer 
than a nephew and several cousins, two of the 
latter being Col. Arthur E. and William C. 
Clark of Manchester. 

GEORGE S. SHUTE 

George Smith Shute, a well known citizen 
of Exeter and a native of that town, died at 
his home there, April 7, 1912. 

He was the son of Henry and Eliza Rowe 
(Smith) Shute, born March 2, 1827, and 
graduated from Phillips Academy which he 
entered in 1838, being a classmate of Hon. 
Joseph B. Walker of Concord. He was for 
some time associated with his father in the 
lumber business, but, later, served about 
twenty years as a clerk in the Boston Custom 
House, having his home for some time in 
Reading, Mass. He left the Custom House 
in 1889, and resided thereafter in Exeter, 
where he was a prominent figure in the social 
life of the place. He was a writer of fine verse 
and a brilliant raconteur. Among the 
seven children he leaves is Judge Henry A. 
Shute of Exeter, the well known humorous 
writer. 

PROF. CHARLES H. CHANDLER 

Charles Henry Chandler, of New Ipswich, 
a noted teacher and long time professor in 
Ripon College, Wisconsin, died suddenly at 
the home of a friend in Leominster, Mass., 
March 2, 1912. 

He was the son of James and Nancy (White) 
Chandler, born in New Ipswich October 25, 
1840, and graduated from Dartmouth, as 
valedictorian of his class, in 1868. He taught 
in this state, Vermont and Ohio for several 
years before going to Wisconsin, where he 
continued for a quarter of a century, returning 
to his childhood home a few years since to care 
for an invalid sister, who died last year. 
Meanwhile he had long been engaged in the 
preparation of a history of New Ipswich, which 
work he expected to complete in another 
year. He was a Carnegie pensioner, being one 
of the first enrolled upon the list. 

Professor Chandler married at Fitchburg, 
Mass., August 17, 1868, Miss Eliza Francena 
Dwinnell, who died at Ripon, Wis., October 
28, 1894. Of his immediate family, a son and 
daughter survive. 

CAPT. JAMES M. DURELL 

Capt. James McDaniel Durell, a native of 
Newmarket, died at Hyde Park, Mass., 
Thursday, March 14, 1912. 

Captain Durell was the son of Newman and 
Sally B. Durell, born June 2, 1832. He 
attended the Newmarket schools, and at an 
early age went to Boston and entered the 



employ of a wholesale dry goods house, 
becoming eventually a travelling salesman, 
in which avocation his life was spent, with the 
exception of the years of the Civil War in 
which he was engaged in the Union service 
going home to Newmarket to aid in raising 
troops and being commissioned a first lieu- 
tenant in the Thirteenth N. H. Regiment, 
September 27, 1862. He served with dis- 
tinction, being promoted to captain of Com- 
pany C, July 15, 1864, and honorably dis- 
charged June 21, 1865, having participated 
in eleven battles and been wounded at Fred- 
ericksburg and Cold Harbor. He served for 
a time on the staff of Gen. C. K. Graham and 
was acting assistant adjutant-general of the 
Naval Brigade at Portsmouth, Va. 

He had resided at Hyde Park for the last 
fortv-two years, where he was a member of 
Hyde Park Lodge, A. F. & A. M. of Neponset 
Council, and of Timothv Ingraham Post, 
G. A. R. 

He married Miss Bathsheba T. Hovey, 
daughter of the late Mr. and Mrs. Solomon 
Hovey, of Hyde Park, and his widow, three 
sons and two daughters survive him. The 
children are Captain Edward H. Durell, U. S. 
N., now stationed at Annapolis; Mrs. Sumner 
L. Osborne, Mrs. M. D. Alexander, Louis F. 
and Wallace D. Durell. 

REV. BENJAMIN FRANKLIN PERKINS 

Rev. Benjamin Franklin Perkins died at 
his home in Hampton, February 29, 1912, 
He was the oldest son of Deacon James Per- 
kins, and was a lineal descendant of Abraham 
Perkins, who was one of the first settlers of 
Hampton. 

He was born in Hampton February 22, 
1834, and was educated in the schools of his 
native town and at Dartmouth College, 
graduating in the class of '59. He entered 
Andover Theological Seminary and was grad- 
uated in 1864, remaining at the institution 
another year, however, for post graduate 
study. He was ordained to the ministry 
November 22, 1865, and the same day was 
married to Anna Farrar Abbott, daughter of 
the Rev. Sereno Abbott. Immediately after 
marriage they went to Missouri, where he 
engaged in home missionary work for several 
years. 

Returning East in 1869, he preached in 
Kingston, Mass., Stowe, Vt., and then went 
West again for three years. But he felt the 
call of New England and came back to serve 
churches with acceptance and success for 
15 years more, coming to Hampton to reside 
in 1901. His last work was with the Chris- 
tian church in North Hampton, which he 
supplied for two years, preaching for the 
last time Sunday, December 3, 1911. 

He leaves a widow and five children, two 
brothers and three sisters. 



EDITOR AND PUBLISHER'S NOTES 



Interest in the contest between the adher- 
ents of President Taft and the followers of 
Governor Bass, supporting the candidacy of 
Ex-President Roosevelt, has overshadowed 
everything else in the political world in this 
state during the past month. The fight has 
been the most earnest and determined that 
has ever been witnessed in an issue of this 
kind, and has been characterized by a spirit 
of bitterness seldom if ever equalled. Vitu- 
peration and abuse of the most flagrant order 
have been freely indulged in, and the charges 
of trickery and the improper use of money 
freely made. The outcome is a substantial 
victory for the friends of the President, who 
will elect eight delegates, without doubt, in 
the State and district conventions now close 
at hand; yet it appears that the majority of 
the popular vote, taking the State together, is 
not so large relatively as is the proportion of 
delegates to the several conventions. The 
Democratic State Committee concluded not 
to provide for a primary preference vote, 
not contemplated by law, feeling that its 
effect would be mainly to engender bitterness 
in the party ranks without any beneficial 
result, and the delegates to the Democratic 
State and district conventions, to be holden 
in Concord May 14, will be chosen by the old 
caucus method, and the general expectation 
is that the delegation to the Baltimore con- 
vention will go uninstructed, as is usually the 
case with delegations from this State to 
Democratic national conventions. There are 
no reliable indications as yet, as to what the 
general sentiment of the Democratic voters 
of the State may be regarding the presidential 
nomination. Both Wilson and Clark have 
strong adherents in the State, and the two 
are undoubtedly preferred by more voters 
than all others, but no bitterness has de- 
veloped as yet, between their respective 
adherents. 



to personal support of the amendment at 
the polls. It is noted that in many of the 
Granges of the State discussion of pro- 
posed amendments is now being had, but 
the trend of public sentiment in any direction 
is not yet manifest. 



A circular has been issued announcing the 
spring meeting of the State Board of Trade 
to be held upon invitation of the Exeter 
Board, in that town, on Tuesday, May 7. 
Mr. S. Percy Hooker, the newly appointed 
State Superintendent of Highways will be 
present and speak upon "Road Making and 
Maintenance." As the subject is one of 
particular interest at this season of the year, 
and the superintendent is a new man in the 
State, it would seem that a large attendance 
especially from the southeastern section of 
the State, may be expected. Another sub- 
ject of special interest in that section, will 
also be discussed, viz.: The proposed agri- 
cultural fair to come off in August at Rocking- 
ham Park, Salem. This will be presented 
by Ex-Mayor Reed of Manchester, Secretary 
of the Chamber of Commerce in that city, 
and president of the fair association. 



Regardless of the contest for ascendency 
between the Republican party factions, which 
has commanded general public interest, the 
Equal Suffrage Associations have been push- 
ing their campaign right along, and have held 
many meetings in different sections of the 
State. The next large meeting will be held 
on Thursday evening, May 9, in the Univer- 
salist church at Concord, with Rev. Ida C. 
Hultin of Sudbury, Mass., as the principal 
speaker. 



Now that the pre-convention presidential 
campaign in the State is practically ended, 
public attention is likely to be diverted in 
other directions, and the work of the coming 
constitutional convention, now near at hand, 
is likely to receive some attention. Up to 
this time little thought has been given to 
proposed amendments, and the organization 
of the convention itself has been little dis- 
cussed. Replies from delegates-elect to in- 
quiries sent out from the Woman Suffrage 
headquarters indicate a proportion of more 
than two to one, thus far, in favor of the 
submission of an equal suffrage amendment 
to the people, though delegates favorably 
replying are by no means thereby committed 



The attention of Granite Monthly sub- 
scribers in arrears, is called to the dates on 
their respective address labels, showing the 
extent of their arrearages, with the hope that 
they will take prompt measures to have the 
same carried forward in advance. 



Wanted, at this office, a copy of the Gran- 
ite Monthly for September, 1894 — Vol. 17, 
No. 3; also copies of Nos. 9 and 10 — Sep- 
tember and October — Vol. 13, 1890. Any 
one who can forward either or all of the 
desired numbers will be liberally compen- 
sated for so doing. 



«e 




HON. ALBERT O. BROWN 



The Granite Monthly 



Vol. XLIV, No. 5 



MAY, 1912 New Series, Vol. 7, No. 5 



LEADERS OF NEW HAMPSHIRE 



XI 



Hon. Albert O. Brown 

By H. C. Pearson 



Albert Oscar Brown was born in 
Northwood, July 18, 1853, and his 
boyhood was passed in the wholesome 
surroundings of a typically prosperous 
agricultural community of the middle 
half of the last century. His great- 
great-grandfather was Jedediah 
Brown, who removed from Seabrook 
to Raymond early in the eighteenth 
century, and whose descendants have 
been prominent citizens of many of 
the towns of Rockingham county. 
Charles O. Brown of Northwood, 
great-grandson of Jedediah, married 
Sarah E. Langmaid of Chichester, a 
sister of Edward Langmaid, who was 
for many years a leading citizen of 
that town. Three children were born 
to them, of whom the eldest is the 
subject of the present sketch. 

Mr. Brown had the usual indus- 
trious, but on the whole happy, boy- 
hood of fifty years ago in a New Hamp- 
shire country town, with the addi- 
tional advantages of exceptionally 
good common schools and of a near- 
by academy to be looked forward to 
almost as a matter of course. North- 
wood has long held an advanced 
position in the educational opportuni- 
ties afforded, and she has her reward 
in the record of the useful lives of her 
sons and daughters. Life ran on very 
quietly in a country town fifty years 
since. A stage coach passed through 
Northwood each week day, on its 



tri-weekly trips between Concord and 
Newmarket, but daily newspapers 
were rare, even during the exciting 
period of the civil war. 

The boy Albert worked and played 
and attended school, after the manner 
of the boys of that day, until in time 
he was of proper age and degree of 
attainment to enter Coe's Northwood 
academy, one of those excellent pre- 
paratory schools which have exerted 
so great an influence for good in many 
of the rural communities of New 
England. It was at this academy 
that Mr. Brown was fitted for college, 
and he has through life retained a 
hearty interest in the school, having 
been a member of its board of trustees 
for many years. 

Being graduated from the academy 
in the class of 1874, Mr. Brown 
entered Dartmouth college in Sep- 
tember of the same year, and was 
graduated in June, 1878, one of a class 
of eighty-five members, whose aver- 
age scholarship is shown by the col- 
lege records to have been exception- 
ally high; while the catalogue of the 
alumni reveals that among them are 
college presidents and professors, doc- 
tors of divinity and of medicine, 
judges of high courts, writers and pub- 
lishers, and successful business men. 
Mr. Brown sustained a high rank in 
scholarship throughout his course, 
and his friends have abundant reason 



130 



The Granite Monthly 



to be gratified with his success in 
after life, which has not been excelled 
by any of his classmates. 

After graduation from Dartmouth, 
Mr. Brown turned temporarily to the 
occupation of school teaching and was 
for three years an instructor in Law- 
rence academy at Groton, Massa- 
chusetts. In this work he was abun- 
dantly successful, but he had decided 
to adopt the profession of the law, and 
devoted the next three years to its 
study in the office of Burnham & 
McAllister and that of the Honorable 
Henry E. Burnham in Manchester, 
and at the Boston University law 
school, graduating from that institu- 
tion in 1884. He passed the New 
Hampshire bar examinations and was 
admitted to practice in this state in 
August of the same year, so that the 
length of his professional career to 
the time of his retirement, March 1, 
1912, is nearly twenty-eight years. 

Throughout all this period Mr. 
Brown was associated in partnership 
with Judge Burnham. From time to 
time other partners were admitted, 
until the style of the firm became 
Burnham, Brown, Jones & Warren, 
and its members United States Sena- 
tor Henry E. Burnham, Mr. Brown. 
Hon. Edwin F. Jones, George H. 
Warren, Esq., Allan M. Wilson, Esq., 
and Robert L. Manning, Esq. 

The history of this firm from the 
beginning is one of solid, unbroken, 
substantial success, and it is probable 
that no other firm in New Hampshire 
has exceeded it in the aggregate 
amount of its business, while no other 
could excel it in honors won by dig- 
nity, ability and integrity. Its roll 
of clients is notable for the well- 
known names of persons and corpo- 
rations that it bears; it has been inter- 
ested in a large proportion of the more 
important cases determined in the 
New Hampshire courts during the 
past three decades, and at the same 
time has had a great amount of busi- 
ness of an advisory and executive 
character. Judge Burnham was 
elected to the United States senate in 
1900, and was re-elected for another 



term of six years in 1906. During 
his public service he has dissociated 
himself from his law business, and 
Mr. Brown, until his own retirement 
in March, was the virtual head of the 
firm with the burden of its direction 
resting upon his shoulders. It is a 
fact which is freely recognized that 
during this period the professional 
position of the firm was fully main- 
tained. 

From the beginning of his profes- 
sional career Mr. Brown recognized 
the truth of the maxim that the law 
is a jealous mistress, and although he 
did not shut himself out from all the 
social, fraternal, religious and other 
activities of his city, he devoted his 
energies with marked persistency and 
singleness of purpose to winning suc- 
cess in his chosen profession by safe- 
guarding to the utmost the rights 
of his clients. He was united in 
marriage at Ayer, Mass., December 
30, 1888, to Miss Susie J. Clarke, and 
their home life has been happy at their 
residence, 395 Lowell Street, Man- 
chester. Mr. Brown is also a member 
of the Masonic fraternity, and an 
attendant and supporter of the First 
Congregational church in the city of 
his residence. It may be added that 
he has in an unusual degree retained 
his interest in the affairs which pertain 
to youth, an interest which by afford- 
ing opportunities for much needed 
recreation, has tended to keep him 
young in spirit and in body, and has 
also prompted many acts of advantage 
to young men of his acquaintance. 

But from the beginning to the end 
of his professional career, Mr. Brown 
devoted his energies and abilities to 
the practice of the law as a jealous 
mistress indeed, and he has fully 
earned the success which he has 
attained. One of his earliest suc- 
cesses was in an important highway 
case to which his native town and two 
other neighboring towns were parties. 
It was sharply contested, and in- 
volved certain legal points of more 
than common interest, and the people 
of Northwood might well feel repaid 
for the educational opportunities 



Hon. Albert 0. Brown 131 

which they had provided in the vie- of the New Hampshire state board 
tory gained through the efforts of of trade. Mr. Brown gave the prin- 
one of their own sons. From that cipal address of the day, upon the sub- 
time, if, indeed, there could have been ject of taxation, and on that occasion 
any doubt from the beginning, the showed a mastery of the subject, in 
professional position of the young its perplexing intricacy of details, 
practitioner was assured. which gave assurance of efficient serv- 

Although a Republican, and a mem- ice to the people of the state — a 
ber of the political majority in his service for which he is the better 
state, Mr. Brown has never been a can- qualified from his familiarity from 
didate for office, his interest in public boyhood with conditions in the coun- 
affairs being that of the intelligent try towns, and, through his long and 
and patriotic citizen who supports extensive legal practice, with the con- 
principles and candidates in accord ditions in the cities and the circum- 
with his convictions, but who does stances attendant upon the taxation 
not feel it incumbent upon him of corporations. 

to spare the time from an over- Chairman Brown believes that tax- 
crowded life for active participation ation in New Hampshire should be 
in party leadership. However, in more equitable and effectual, and 
1910 and 1911, as special counsel for therefore less burdensome, than it has 
the state of New Hampshire, he con- been, and he and his associates hope 
sented to assist the attorney-general to be able to make it so. As a first 
in the important railroad tax appeals step in this direction, they held a 
then pending in the supreme court, three days' conference at the state 
preparing the state's side and taking house in January last with the asses- 
a prominent part at the trial of the sors of cities and selectmen of towns 
litigation with the Boston & Maine in attendance. Since that time they 
and other railroads over the assess- have held like conferences with the 
ment of taxes upon them by the state local assessing officers in every county 
board of equalization; and this formed in the state, at which it has been made 
a natural step to his appointment in absolutely plain that while the tax- 
May, 1911, by the supreme court as payers are waiting for new and better 
chairman of the then newly created laws, those now upon the statute 
permanent state tax commission. books will be enforced without fear 

One of the most important acts r favor, 
of the legislature of 1911 was that It was almost inevitable that as 

"to create a permanent tax commis- Mr. Brown came to be known as a 

sion and to provide for the taxation man of sound judgment and success- 

of certain public service corporations f u l in his profession, his advice and 

and companies." By its terms the direction would be sought in connec- 

supreme court was to appoint the tion with financial affairs. The Amos 

three members of this commission, keag Savings Bank is the largest insti- 

which was given powers much more tution of the kind in the state> 

extensive and effective than those of Incorpora t e d in 1852, it now has 

the old state board of equalization, ^^ 23 Q00 depositors with almost 

which the commission superseded $13,000,000 of deposits and more 

l^TSr^JT^^SS^ than S16,000,000 of assets, Mr 

chairman of this commission for a Brown has been a trustee of this bank 

term of six years; William B. Fellows since 1894, and was elected president 
of Tilton as its secretary for a term m 1905 to succeed Otis Barton. In 
of four years, and John T. Amey January, 1912, he was elected treas- 
of Lancaster as its third member for urer to succeed the late and much 
a term of two years. lamented George Henry Chandler. 

At the midsummer meeting in 1911 He is also a member of the special 



132 



The Granite Monthly 



committee of the trustees which has 
under consideration plans for a new 
bank and office building which is 
expected to be the most imposing 
business structure in New Hampshire. 
It will be seen that Mr. Brown, in 
retiring from the active practice of 
his profession, has by no means with- 
drawn from participation and positive 
leadership in affairs of importance. 
In addition to his duties at the head 
of the tax commission and of the 
largest financial institution in the 
state, he devotes no inconsiderable 
amount of time and effort to the inter- 
ests of Dartmouth College, of which 
he has been a trustee since his election 
to that position by a large majority 
of the alumni in June, 1911. In the 
organization of the board Mr. Brown 
serves upon the standing committee 
on education, which has control of the 
college curriculum. Although the 
youngest of the trustees in point of 
service, Mr. Brown has already been 
called upon to speak for the board and 
the college at Hanover, in his home 
city of Manchester, and at the great 



Boston reunion of alumni. He has 
happily found himself in cordial sym- 
pathy with the college life of today, 
and while his associates and contem- 
poraries prize his presence on the 
board because of his attainments 
and experience, the undergraduates 
and young alumni are glad to find in 
him a man of kindred spirit, who sees 
as many baseball and football games 
as he can, and who is capable of under- 
standing and entering into the " boys' 
view" of college questions. 

While Mr. Brown has by no means 
rounded out his career of activity and 
usefulness, and has, indeed, but little 
more than entered upon the public 
portions of it, he is entitled to hearty 
congratulations upon the unusual 
sequence of honors and responsibilities 
which have come to him, for it is cer- 
tainly very much out of the ordinary 
that a man should be elected trustee 
of the leading college of his state, 
appointed chairman of that state's 
tax commission and chosen treasurer 
of its largest savings bank, all in the 
space of less than a twelvemonth. 



WHITE VIOLETS 

By Hannah B. Merriam 

My darling brought these violets, 

All wet with morning dew; 
In mossy bed, by a brooklet fed, 

Beside a rock they grew. 

She brought me these white violets. 

As I look in their starlike eyes 
And breathe their, own sweet fragrance 

Born of the woods and skies, 

I know who made their beauty, 

For I see in every line 
Which marks their fair sweet petals 

A writing all Divine. 

And I ask the good All-Father, 
As the leaves of her life unfold, 

To keep the heart of my darling 
As sweet as the buds I hold. 



HAVERHILL IN THE WAR OF THE 

REVOLUTION 

By William F. Whitcher 

Presented at the Annual Meeting of the N. H. Society, S. A. R., in Concord May 14, 1912. 



Haverhill was chartered as a town- 
ship May 18, 1763. Its settlement 
had been begun, under promise of this 
charter, the previous year. It was 
the northernmost settlement of the 
province, and the nearest on the south, 
was Charlestown, then called Number 
Four, on the Connecticut and Canter- 
bury on the Merrimac. 

In the ten years following the 
charter the town had a prosperous 
growth, and a census taken in 1773 
gave it a population of 387, classified 
as follows: unmarried men between 
the ages of 16 and 60, 30: married 
men between the ages of 16 and 60, 
66: men over 60, one: unmarried 
females, 112; married, 66; widows, 3; 
negro slaves, 2. 

During this period of ten years, con- 
siderable settlements had been made 
at Lebanon, Canaan, Cockersmouth 
(now Groton), Hanover, Lyme, Or- 
ford, Piermont, Bath, Landaff, Gun- 
thwaite (now Lisbon), Lancas- 
ter, Northumberland, Conway, 
Wentworth, Rumney, Thornton and 
Plymouth in the County incorporated 
under the name of Grafton, but 
Haverhill was by far the most impor- 
tant town, notwithstanding the fact 
that Hanover had become the seat 
of Dartmouth College, was rapidly 
growing and was soon to lead in point 
of population if not of influence. 

The importance of Haverhill had 
been recognized by the Royal Govern- 
ment, by making it in January, 1773, 
the shire town of Grafton County 
which had been incorporated two 
years earlier, but was not organized 
till 1773. John Hurd, Asa Porter, 
Moses Little and Bezaleel Woodward, 
Esquires were on May 18, appointed 
as Justices of His Majestys Inferior 
Court for the County. Of these the 
three first named were of Haverhill, 



but the latter declining to serve for 
business reasons, David Hobart of 
Plymouth was appointed in his place. 

The population of the town in 
April 1786 according to a census then 
taken was 478. It is hardly probable 
that the population at any one time 
(hiring the years 1775-1783, exceeded 
425, and yet during that period no 
less than 119 men and boys of the 
town did active military service as 
soldiers in the struggle for Independ- 
ence. 

Aside from the three men who held 
commissions as colonels, John Hurd, 
Timothy Bedel and Charles Johnston, 
seven were commissioned as captains 
and commanded companies, while 
109 served in subordinate capacities 
as officers or in the ranks. 

In the company of Rangers autho- 
rized by the Provincial Congress, 
May 26, 1775, mustered June 23 under 
Timothy Bedel as Captain, increased 
in July to a battalion of three com- 
panies under the same command, there 
were 15 Haverhill men, This bat- 
talion grew into a regiment, and was 
under command of Col. Bedel at the 
fall of St. Johns in November 1775, 
its term of service expiring about that 
time. 

In the regiment authorized by the 
House of Representatives in January, 
1776, Timothy Bedel, Colonel, which 
was assigned to the Northern Con- 
tinental Army, and whose field of 
service was in Canada at St. Johns, 
The Cedars and elsewhere, in the 
spring and summer of 1776, there 
were 25 men from Haverhill. 

In May, Benj. Whit comb's Rangers, 
which some of the time acted as a 
company of Independent Rangers, 
some of the time served in the Con- 
tinental service by authority of Con- 
gress, organized a part of the time as a 



134 The Granite Monthly 

company and a part as a battalion, later command in 1782, there were 

and which was in service from Oct. eight Haverhill men. 

15, 1776 to Dec. 31, 1779, there were In order to guard the Western and 

six Haverhill men. northern frontiers and probably also 

There were sixteen Haverhill men to preserve peace and order in mat- 
serving at various times in Col. ters arising out of the so-called Ver- 
Stark's regiment at Bunker Hill, in mont controversy, it was voted by 
other New Hampshire regiments dur- the General Assembly Jan. 10, 1782, 
ing the siege of Boston, in Col. that Col. Charles Johnston be "im- 
Scammel's Continental battalion, and powered to raise twelve men as a 
in other New Hampshire commands scouting party," that the place of 
in the Continental line during the war. rendezvous be Haverhill, and that he 

In Col. Gilman's regiment at be desired to call on the town of 

Peekshill, N. Y. during the winter of Haverhill for supplies for the men. 

1776 and '77 were eight Haverhill In accordance with this act, James 

men. Ladd, of Haverhill, raised these men 

One Haverhill man, Eleazer Dan- who went on duty in April. June 26, 

forth, was in Arnold's fateful expedi- the same year, it was voted that two 

tion to Quebec, and two in Col. companies of good-able, bodied, effec- 

Warner's regiment in the Jerseys in tive men of fifty each, exclusive of 

1775. commissioned officers be raised im- 

In Col. Hobart's regiment, in mediately for the same service, that 

Gen. John Stark's brigade, at Ben- both companies be under the direction 

nington there were seven. . of Col. Charles Johnston, the place of 

In Capt. Joseph Hutchins company, rendezvous to be Haverhill, that 

which served under command of Gen. James Ladd be a lieutenant of one of 

Jacob Bayly, in the Eastern division these companies and that the men 

of the Northern Army under Gen. whom he had previously enlisted 

Gates from Aug. 17 to Oct. 3, 1777, under the act of Jan. 10 be added to 

there were twenty, including Capt. the same company. Ebenezer Web- 

Hutchins, from Haverhill. ster of Salisbury was captain of the 

An expedition was planned against first company which was in service 

Canada in the latter part of 1777 and till Nov. 5, 1782, and which contained 

it was ordered by Congress to be twenty-seven men from Haverhill, 

raised by Col. Timothy Bedel. This Haverhill also furnished five men 

regiment of eight companies, five of for longer or shorter periods of service 

which were commanded by Haverhill in New York regiments and four in 

men — Ezekiel Ladd, Timothy Barren, Massachusetts regiments. 

Simeon Stevens, William Tarleton Many of these one hundred and 

and Luther Richardson — was raised nineteen men saw service two or three 

in December, 1777 and January and times as most terms of enlistment 

February 1778, and after the aban- were short. The number of enlist- 

donment of the plan of the expedition, ments, as just named was 356 and 

the organization was continued under this, from a town the population of 

the same command for the defence of which at no time in the period extend- 

the frontiers on and adjacent to ing from 1775 to 1783 numbered as 

Connecticut River, until Nov. 30, many as 450. It may be doubted if 

1779. The muster rolls of some of any New Hampshire town can in this 

these companies have been lost, but respect show a superior if indeed an 

in those which have been preserved equal record. Many of these men it 

the names of sixteen Haverhill men is true were never on the firing line, 

appear. never engaged in battle, were in no 

In Col. Moses Hazen's regiment long campaigns, but they rendered 

organized under act of Congress arduous, self-sacrificing military serv- 

March 15, 1779 and in Gen. Hazens ice in their country's cause. 



Haverhill in the War of the Revolution 135 

The conditions existing in the Coos Hazen, founder of the town, who died 
country of which Haverhill was the in the autumn of 1774, were all prom- 
recognized political and military cen- inent in the affairs of the town during 
ter were peculiar. The Coos towns the Revolutionary period, 
had been chartered by His Majesty's At the outset the town was prompt 
governors, were a part of New Hamp- to take measures for defense. The 
shire, but this part was largely nomi- records of the town meetings, annual 
nal. Previous to the termination of the and special, are scanty, but they fur- 
Royal Government no town in the nish much of significance. At a 
Coos country, or on the Connecticut special meeting held Nov. 4, 1774, it 
river had been represented in the was voted to provide a town stock 
House of Representatives except of ammunition and to raise 20 I. 
Charlestown, which was first repre- lawful money for that purpose. At 
sented in 1771. For the House of another special meeting held January 
1775, members were elected for the 5, 1775, a special committee consisting 
towns of Plymouth, Orford and of James Bay ley, Capt. Ephraim 
Lyme by virtue of the King's writ. Weston, Capt. Charles Johnston, 
These members were refused seats on Simeon Goodwin, Timothy Barron, 
the ground that the writ had been Lieut. Joseph Hutchins and Maxi 
issued without the Concurrence of Haseltine were appointed to see that 
the other branches of the Legislature, the results of the Continental Con- 
and this refusal led to an acrimonious gress were duly observed in the town, 
dispute between the Governor and the It will be noted that it is "the results 
House. The Governor stood on the of the Continental Congress," and 
royal prerogative, and the House upon nowhere in the town records is there 
its right to regulate its own member- any reference to the Provincial Con- 
ship, and grant the privilege of repre- gress or the House of Representatives 
sentation as it saw fit. A large of New Hampshire. Moreover Hav- 
number of towns in the northern and erhill does not appear to be repre- 
western section of the Province were sented in any of the Provincial Con- 
aggrieved at the denial of represen- gresses held in 1775 and 1776 except 
tation, and this brought about results the Fourth and Fifth, when Ephraim 
which later threatened the integrity Wesson and John Hurd were members 
of the state. Many of those who had of the Fourth, and John Hurd of the 
settled in the Coos towns were men of Fifth in which he represented the 
culture and influence, and they natur- towns of Haverhill, Bath, Lyman, 
ally paid little heed to legislative Gunthwaite, Landaff and Morris- 
enactments in which they had no town. Just how or when Hurd and 
voice. Capt. Wesson were elected as mem- 
John Hazen, James Bailey, Ephraim bers does not appear, however, from 
Wesson, Timothy Bedel had rendered the town records. At the March 
honorable service as officers in the town meeting 1776, Thomas Simpson, 
French and Indian wars. John Hurd, Asa Bayley and John Page were 
Asa Porter, graduates of Harvard chosen a Committee of Safety, and 
college, Charles Johnston, John Tap- in 1778, James Woodward, James 
lin, Ezekiel Ladd, Jonathan Elkins, Abbott, James Corliss, Jonathan Hale 
James Woodward, Moses Little, Tim- and Maxi Hazeltine were chosen to 
othy Barron, Joseph Hutchins, Maxi act in the same capacity. At a 
Haseltine, Jonathan Hale, Simeon special meeting January 6, 1778, it was 
Goodwin, Thomas Simpson and An- voted to supply the families of those 
drew Savage Crocker were men of who were in the Continental service, 
substance, of sturdy New England In 1780 Timothy Bedel, John Rich 
stock, of liberal and independent James Woodward were appointed a 
views, zealous for personal rights and committee to prevent the transporta- 
liberty and with the exception of tion of any grain from town. 



136 The Granite Monthly 

May 2, 1775, at the house of half of our men have arms. Now, 

Joseph Hutchins, irmholder in Ha- gentlemen, we have all reason to 

verhill, committees from the towns suspect, and really look upon our- 

of Lyme, Orford, Piermont, Bath, selves in imminent danger of the 

Gunthwaite, Lancaster, Northumber- enemy, and at this time in no ca- 

land and Haverhill met in joint ses- pacity for a defence for want of arms 

sion and signed the following pledge: and ammunition . . . We refer 

"We, the subscribers, do solemnly the matter to your mature consider- 
declare by all the sacred ties of honor at ion, whether it is not necessary to 
and religion that we will act at all give us assistance, that we may be 
times against all illegal and unconsti- ready in case of invasion. We have 
tutional impositions and acts of Par- a number of men in these parts of 
liament made and enacted against the country who have not any real 
the New England governments, and estate, who will certainly leave us 
the continent of English North Amer- unless some assistance be given; and 
ica." And we do engage to stand in who are ready to assist and stand by 
opposition to all force come, or coming our cause with their lives, provided 
against us, by order of the present encouragement is given them. If you 
ministry, for supporting of the present shall think it necessary to raise forces 
measures, while our lives and fortunes to defend this our Province, if you 
last, or until all these notorious un- will give orders in what manner as- 
constitutional acts are repealed and sistance can be procured, please to 
the American colonies re-established inform us as expeditiously as the 
in the privileges due to them as nature of things will allow. There is 
American subjects." no doubt of enlisting numbers without 

This pledge was signed on behalf distressing or much interfering with 
of Haverhill by Charles Johnston, towns near the seacoasts, provided we 
Timothy Barron, Simeon Goodwin have the platform to act on." What 
and James Bayley. It was voted was wanted was some color of author- 
that a copy of the proceedings of ity on which to act. 
the meeting be transmitted by the In response to this appeal the 
clerk to the Provincial Congress Provincial Congress voted June 3, 
which was to meet at Exeter May 17, "that a company of sixty men be 
and Ezekiel Ladd was appointed a raised of the inhabitants of the 
delegate to represent these commit- western frontiers to be commissioned 
tees in that Congress. The clerk, by the Committee of Safety, and 
Charles Johnston, accompanied his that these and two companies out 
report with a letter which shows the of the two thousand men raised in 
danger which Haverhill and the other this colony be stationed, as soon as 
towns believed threatened them and the Committee of Supplies procure 
from which they sought relief. stores for them by the Committee of 

After mentioning the reports that Safety, on said frontiers and remain 

men were being invited by Gov. until further orders." Timothy Bedel 

Carlton of Quebec, and that Indians was appointed to the command of 

were being engaged for the purpose these companies. July 7 he was 

of invasion of Coos, he wrote: "How commissioned Captain, and later in 

near the borders of the enemy we are, the month mustered his men at 

every one knows who is acquainted Haverhill, which was made the place 

with the boundaries of our Province, of rendezvous. In September he 

As to the position of defence, we are marched with a greatly enlarged 

in difficult circumstances; we are in force to join the army of Maj.-Gen. 

want of both arms and ammunition. Schuyler, who was investing St. 

There is very little or none worth Johns, Canada. This command, with 

mentioning, perhaps one pound of which he rendered brilliant service, 

powder to twenty men, and not one numbered, at the fall of St. Johns, 



Haverhill in the War of the Revolution 



137 



November 2, about 1,200 men, en- 
listed from the towns in the Cons 
country and the western frontiers, 
with some Green Mountain boys and 
Indians. What Haverhill wished for, 
in common with the other Coos 
towns, was authority, and, though 
the men authorized to be raised for- 
defence were used for aggressive pur- 
poses, it was little more than au- 
thority that was given. So seemingly 
neglectful were the Exeter authorities 
in making provision for Col. Bedel's 
troops, that, down to the fall of St. 
Johns, it was uncertain whether his 
command belonged to the military 
establishment of the province or that 
of the Continental government, the 
result being that both governments 
neglected to pay his men. This 
neglect was probably partly due to 
lack of ability. Thus at the begin- 
ning and indeed all through the 
struggle for independence Haverhill 
and her sister towns felt that they 
had little to expect in the way of 
material aid from the Exeter govern- 
ment. 

In the Fourth Provincial Congress 
which met May 17, 1775 and was fi- 
nally dissolved November 15, Ephraim 
Wesson was in attendance fifty-nine 
days and John Hurd six days. This 
Congress had provided for a census 
to be taken of the province and, 
based on this census, for another 
Congress to be elected to meet at 
Exeter December 21, 1775. This 
latter Congress was to consist of 
eighty-nine members, apportioned ac- 
cording to population, and Grafton 
County, which embraced the present 
counties of Grafton and Coos and 
part of Carroll, was to be restricted 
to six members. Bath, Lyman, 
Gunthwaite, Landaff and Morristown 
were classed with Haverhill, and 
Col. John Hurd of Haverhill was 
chosen the member from these towns, 
though no record of his election is 
found in any of the towns. It was 
provided that in case the Continental 
Congress should recommend this col- 
ony to assume government in any 
way that would require a House of 



Representatives, the Congress might 
resolve itself into such a House for 
the term of one year. Col. Hurd was 
beyond question one of the most 
prominent and useful members of 
this body. He was a man of marked 
personality and exerted a dominating 
influence in Haverhill and Grafton 
County during the early years of the 
Revolutionary period. He had re- 
ceived a liberal education, graduating 
at Harvard in the Class of 1747. 
Removing to Portsmouth some time 
after 1760, he became one of the 
coterie of friends and advisors of 
John Wentworth, when he came to 
the governorship in 1767, who gave 
him large grants of land in various 
towns in the northern part of the 
State. He came to Haverhill in the 
latter part of 1772, and at once took 
a leading part in the affairs of the 
town. He had a large acquaintance 
in Rockingham County, was prob- 
ably more familiar with the general 
affairs of the province and had more 
influence with His Majesty's govern- 
ment at Portsmouth than any other 
resident of Coos. When, however, it 
came to a choice between the cause 
of the Colony and the King, he did 
not for a moment hesitate, and took 
at once a pronounced position. When 
the Provincial Congress in June 1775 
determined that John Fenton was no 
longer to be trusted with the records 
of the Grafton Courts, they were 
placed in the custody of Col. Hurd 
for safekeeping, and he was con- 
tinued as colonel of the militia 
which had been enrolled in Coos 
for purposes of defence. When the 
Congress met in December 1775, he 
at once took a prominent part in its 
proceedings. He was a member of 
the committee appointed to draw up 
a plan of government, a committee 
which framed the first civil compact 
or constitution for New Hampshire. 
He was chairman of the committee 
to draft a form of oath to be entered 
into by members of the new govern- 
ment, and also of a committee to 
audit accounts against the colony. 
The temporary constitution which 



138 



The Granite Monthly 



went into effect January 5, 1776, 
provided that after resolving itself 
into a House of Representatives, the 
said House should choose twelve per- 
sons to be a distinct and separate 
branch of the Legislature, by the 
name of a Council. Under this pro- 
vision Col. Hurd was chosen on the 
councillor to which the County of 
Grafton was entitled and he there- 
upon vacated his seat in the House. 
The old county offices were held to 
be abolished and the Legislature pro- 
ceeded to establish others. Col. Hurd 
was continued in his office as first 
justice of the inferior Court of Com- 
mon Pleas, his associates being Beza- 
leel Woodward, Israel Morey and 
Samuel Emerson. He was also chosen 
county treasurer and recorder of 
deeds and conveyances. In the 
Council he took a leading position, 
serving on its most important com- 
mittees; among others, first on the 
committee appointed June 11, 1776, 
to draft the declaration of the gen- 
eral assembly for the independence 
of the United Colonies. He was also 
given pretty much the entire control 
of the military operations in Coos. 
Haverhill was made the place of ren- 
dezvous for soldiers intended for 
service in Canada, and Col. Hurd 
with Col. Morey was to enlist the 
companies, muster and form the men, 
give orders to the companies of 
rangers raised to protect the frontiers 
and deliver commissions to those 
whom the soldiers had chosen as their 
officers. 

The Legislature adjourned July 6, 
and Col. Hurd found affairs in Ha- 
verhill in anything but a satisfactory 
state on his arrival home. The 
American soldiers in Canada were 
retreating before the superior force 
of Gen. Burgoyne. Col. Bedel who 
had in the previous January, return- 
ing from Canada to Haverhill, raised 
in the Coos County a second regiment 
and taken it through the woods on 
snowshoes to "the Cedars" near 
Montreal, was under arrest, and 
shortly to be dismissed from the 
service. A great state of alarm ex- 



isted. Haverhill had been fortified 
to some extent, the towns to the 
north, Bath and Gunthwaite were 
practically deserted, and many had 
left Haverhill for their own homes. 
Among those who had left was Mrs. 
Hurd, whom her husband met at 
Concord on his way home, and from 
which place he sent back to Exeter 
urgent appeals for help. 

Aside from this, he found that the 
new government of which he was so 
important a member was held in 
anything but high esteem by his 
constituents. Representation in the 
House of Representatives was based 
on population and Grafton County 
had but six members in a total of 
eighty-nine. The towns in that 
county and in the western part of 
the State had been settled by men 
who believed the town to be the unit 
of government and entitled to repre- 
sentation as a town, in any legislative 
assembly. Hanover and the five 
Grafton County towns classed with 
it had refused to send a member 
and Hanover men led by Col. John 
Wheelock and Bezaleel Woodward 
had been active during the summer 
in stirring up disaffection with the 
Exeter government in the towns to 
the north, Haverhill among others. 
Col. Hurd had hardly arrived home 
before the famous convention of rep- 
resentatives from Coos towns met in 
College Hall at (Dresden) Hanover to 
protest against the authority assumed 
to be exercised over them by the gov- 
ernment at Exeter. 

Col. Hurd also discovered, or at 
least thought he discovered that his 
neighbor and former associate on the 
Grafton County bench, Col. Asa Por- 
ter, was among those who were be- 
lieved to be plotting to throw Coos 
under the protection of Gen. Bur- 
goyne. Col. Hurd himself was an 
ardent revolutionist, but his associa- 
tion for years with the exclusive set 
that had been in control of the 
province, naturally made him a strong 
partisan of the government at Exeter 
in the organization of which he had 
so actively participated, and caused 



Haverhill in the War of the Revolution 



139 



him to look "upon disloyalty to that 
government as little less than treason 
to the country. Col. Porter was a 
marked personality and wielded large 
influence in the early history of 
Haverhill. A graduate of Harvard 
in the Class of 1742, he had engaged 
in mercantile pursuits at Newbury- 
port for a time, till he acquired large 
landed property in Coos, and came to 
Haverhill about 1770, where he at 
once took a leading position in affairs. 
A man of large means, aristocratic in 
his tendencies and habits, he un- 
doubtedly had little sympathy with 
the revolutionary acts of his neigh- 
bors — Johnston, Hurd, Bedel, Wes- 
son, Barron and others. 

He certainly had little sympathy 
with the Exeter government. Human 
nature was much the same in 1775 
and 1776 as now. He had been 
dropped. from his office of justice of 
the County Court on its re-organiza- 
tion, while Hurd had not only been 
retained, but had also been made 
Councillor for the County, recorder 
of deeds, county treasurer, and had 
returned home a kind of military 
dictator. It is just possible that 
Col. Hurd may have shown signs of 
consciousness of his own importance, 
which might have made his reception 
by his neighbor and former judicial 
colleague less enthusiastic than 
he wished. This much is certain: 
Col. Porter was a positive man and 
was beyond question outspoken in 
his criticism of the Exeter govern- 
ment for its neglect to send aid to the 
seriously threatened people of Coos, 
and under the circumstances he 
naturally became an object of sus- 
picion to Col. Hurd who became 
convinced that Porter was "prac- 
tising things inimical to his country. 
Col. Porter's arrest followed and, 
after examination by the Committees 
of Safety of Haverhill and Bath he 
was sent to Exeter, where he was 
tried by the Committee of Safety, 
placed under bonds to remain on his 
father's farm in Boxford, Mass., and 
only permitted to return to Haver- 
hill in November, 1777, where he re- 



sided until his death in 1818, loyal to 
his government, influential with his 
townsmen, and prominent in the af- 
fairs of his section. 

John Hurd rendered most impor- 
tant and valuable service to the 
patriot cause, though his influence in 
Haverhill, because of the Porter affair, 
and the growing disaffection of the 
people with the Exeter government 
was on the wane, and he ceased to 
take an active part in affairs after 
the former part of 1777. He returned 
to his earlier Boston home and his 
remains lie in the Old Granary buiy- 
ing ground of that city. 

Haverhill and the towns classed 
with it refused to comply with the 
precepts issued in the name of the 
Council and House of Representa- 
tives, and at meetings called in 1776 
for the choice of members of the 
Council and House, chose commit- 
tees to return the precepts with rea- 
sons for non-compliance. The voters 
of Haverhill presented reasons very 
similar to those of other towns, which 
were in brief as follows: the plan of 
representation was inconsistent with 
the liberties of a free people; the 
classification of towns for purposes of 
representation was in violation of un- 
doubted rights inhering in towns as 
units of government; none but free- 
holders were entitled to election; no 
bill of rights had been drawn up or 
any form of government established 
subsequent to the Declaration of 
Independence ; a Council having power 
to negative proceedings of the House 
of Representatives was dangerous; 
and if a Council was to be authorized 
at all, it should be elected on a general 
ticket by the whole people instead of 
by districts. It may be noted in 
passing that not all the theories of 
government vociferously urged today 
are wholly new. Haverhill was cer- 
tainty "Progressive" in 1776. 

From 1777 on, till the close of the 
Revolution, Haverhill acknowledged 
but little allegiance to the Exeter 
government. She refused representa- 
tion in the New Hampshire Legisla- 
ture, but remained steadfastly loyal 



140 



The Granite Monthly 



to the revolutionary cause. She fur- 
nished men for defence and for ag- 
gression. She responded to calls for 
men for any service in the patriot 
cause, though preferring that the 
calls and requisitions should be made 
by the Continental Congress instead 
of the New Hampshire Government. 
Timothy Bedel returning to Haver- 
hill in 1776 after an absence of three 
or four years in Bath, again rendered 
valuable service and probably re- 
cruited more men for the patriot 
cause than any other citizen of the 
State. His grave in the old cemetery 
at Haverhill Corner is marked by a 
simple stone slab from which the in- 
scription, except that of his name, has 
been obliterated by the storms of a 
hundred years. Charles Johnston, 
who succeeded Col. Hurd. in the work 
of the defence of the borders, who as 
Lieutenant-Colonel of Col. Hobart's 
regiment in Stark's brigade at Ben- 
nington, by personal bravery and 
skillful handling of his men won un- 
dying honor, rendered during all the 
years invaluable service, and became 
the most influential and prominent 
citizen of the town, doing more per- 
haps than any other to bring the 
town and section into harmony with 
the State government. His grave, 
but a few feet distant from that of 
Col. Bedel, merits a more substantial 
monument than the crumbling stone 
on which only this inscription is now 
decipherable. : 

"Col. Charles Johnston died March 5, 
1813, in his 75th year." 

Haverhill's prominence in the great 
struggle of independence was due in 
part to her geographical position. 
The town was the doorway of en- 
trance from the north to eastern New 
England and was constantly in danger 
of attack by forces from Canada. 



The inhabitants were in almost a 
constant state of alarm from inva- 
sion from that section. Stockades 
were built at four different places for 
security and at one time people from 
Bath and Gunthwaite were gathered 
in these, through fear of an attack by 
Indians. After the fall of Ticonderoga 
in 1777, and again in 1780 there was 
special alarm. Town expenses in- 
creased and population at one time 
decreased, many, for the most part 
non-land owners, removing to more 
safe and central parts of the State; 
but through these troublous times 
men and supplies were furnished 
without wavering. There was hardly 
an able-bodied man or boy in town 
who was not at some time under en- 
listment for a longer or shorter period, 
and doing duty as scout, ranger t or 
soldier of the line. 

Few descendants of these men of 
the early time are found in the 
Haverhill of the present, and it is 
significant of the changes that have 
taken place in New England popula- 
tion that the leaders in the struggles 
of that time, Hurd, Bedel, Johnston, 
Barron, Tarleton, Ladd, Simpson, 
Stevens, Richardson and Hutchins 
have no representatives in the citizen- 
ship of the town today. They are 
not, however, wholly forgotten. 

The soldiers' monument which will 
be erected in the town this present 
year will happily and appropriately 
be a memorial not only to the one 
hundred and forty-seven men of 
Haverhill who followed the flag from 
1861 to 1865, to preserve liberty and 
union, but also to the one hundred 
and nineteen men who in an earlier 
time, amid the hardships and priva- 
tions of pioneer life risked lives and 
fortunes to make liberty and union 
possible. 



DEACON WILLIAM G. BROWN 

By J. Elizabeth Hoyt-Stevens, M.D. 



The memory of Deacon William 
G. Brown dates from childhood with 
many New Hampshire people who 
are yet living. 

The father of the writer — Sewel 
Hoit— died Jan. 22, 1874. A girl of 
thirteen years, she well remembers the 
bright sunshiny morning, a few weeks 
later, when Deacon Brown called at 
their door with Bibles to sell, solicit- 
ing at the same time contributions of 
money for the Bible Society. He was 
poorly clad, in rusty or faded black 
clothes, and a hat the worse for wear. 
In person he was clean and whole- 
some. 

The Bible representative, uncon- 
sciously on his part, appealed to the 
lady's sympathy quite as much as 
did the cause for which he was solicit- 
ing, although both objects appeared 
to her as one. Her husband's best 
suit of clothes had not yet been 
handed over to anyone. Calculating 
in her mind that they would fit the 
gentleman in need she made free to 
ask if he would accept for himself 
a suit of clothes which she had in the 
house. He seemed most pleased to do 
so and, in accepting, she learned that 
the suit he was wearing was the best 
he owned. 

The headquarters of the New 
Hampshire Bible Society, then as 
now, was at Concord, and he was 
invited by Mrs. Hoit, in order to 
save the Society the expense of his 
board, to make this home his abiding 
place whenever he needed to be in 
Concord. Thus the Sewel Hoit place 
became one of his homes and so con- 
tinued with only one interruption for 
eighteen years. 

In 1879 Mrs. Hoit married Frank- 
lin R. Thurston of Marlboro, N. H. 
The reconstructed home was for a few 
years transferred to Marlboro. There 
Deacon Brown lived, during several 
canvassings of the town and its out- 
lying districts. Mr. Thurston's time 



and team as well as the home were 
always at the Deacon's disposal, 
without limitation. 

In the mean time the writer had 
entered Wellesley College. The home 
letters which told of Deacon Brown 
being with the home people were 
always of particular interest to her, 
especially when, as frequently hap- 
pened, a message direct from his lips 
was forwarded her. The messages 
were usually in the nature of encour- 
agement for the warfare of life and 
backed by a scripture text, or inter- 
woven as a rhyme. 

The following are inscriptions made 
by him on various occasions in the 
writer's autograph albums. 

Dee. 22, 1887. 
Favour is deceitful and beauty is vain, but a woman 
that feareth the Lord, she shall be praised. Give her 
of the fruit of her hands and let her works praise her 
in the gates. 

Prov. of Solomon, 31: 30, 31. 

Wit. G. Browx. 

Campton March 23, 1885. 

John 13 : 34 
Beauty will fade; and gold may fly: 
The head grow white and dim the eye; 
The step grow weak and sound depart —  
But Christian Love still warms the heart. 

This is a grace that never dies 

Though stars may cease to light the skies 

Though sun and moon may shine no more 

This grace shall triumph evermore. 

If this be so (we doubt it not) 

Why then should not this grace be sought 

'Twill cheer our pathway to the grave 

And help us much to others save. 

W. G. Brown. 

After five years Mr. Thurston's 
interest in Marlboro waned somewhat, 
due to the fact that his children's 
families had, for business reasons, 
left the town. It was then deemed 
wise that the Sewel Hoit place, built 
by him about the year 1840, should 
be re-occupied by his heirs and Mr. 
Thurston returned with them. 

Deacon Brown's duties in connec- 
tion with the Bible Society about 
this time were calling him to the 
Capital City nearly every month, 
and often held him in the city for 
weeks at a time, so a room in the 
house was set aside for him, and was 



142 



The Granite Monthly 



always spoken of as " Deacon Brown's 
room." Again Mr. Thurston's team 
and time were always at his command. 
With the two seater, Mr. and Mrs. 
Thurston (and during vacation season 
the writer) frequently accompanied 
him to the towns adjoining Concord. 
He was a delightful companion. He 
had a rich store of stories in connec- 



Deacon Brown started out in this 
work with an old white horse. They 
were companions in the Bible work 
for many years and when the horse 
died the Deacon had the hide tanned 
and made into leather cases which 
he carried, filled with Bibles and 
Testaments, strapped across his 
shoulder during the remainder of his 




Deacon William G. Brown 



tion with his work, and could keep 
any company in good humor and some 
times make them roar with laughter. 
He was blessed with humor and always 
saw the funny side of life. Religious 
and most conscientious, he was always 
bubbling over with fun, a fountain 
of inspiration to all about him. His 
prayers were a help in daily life to 
us all. 



life. Well acquainted with the coun- 
try by the time the old horse died he 
did not incur the expense of buying 
another, but used "shanks mare," 

The dear old man died at the Sewel 
Hoit place April 5, 1892, two years 
after the writer had been graduated 
in medicine. He had been attending 
a meeting at Raymond on the Thurs- 
day previous and was taken with 



Deacon William G. Brown 



143 



pain in his chest which extended down 
his left arm. He spent the Sabbath 
at Manchester with his sister Mrs. 
Emma Brown Holbrook, and on 
Monday, although not feeling well, 
he came to Concord where he had 
been canvassing for several weeks. 
The writer was away from home; 
otherwise some medical assistance 
might have averted the results that 
followed his complaint of feeling- 
poorly when he retired at an early 
hour on that Tuesday evening. Since 
he did not make his appearance at 
the usual hour for breakfast Mr. 
Thurston went to his room but could 
get no response to his rap on the door; 
so he opened the door and spoke 
but could not awaken the Deacon. 
It was soon apparent that he had 
fallen into his last sleep; angina 
pectoris probably having been the 
cause. 

The Milford Farmers' Cabinet for April 14, 
1892, mentioned his death in headlines thus: 

"A Prince in Israel is Dead"; "Know ye 
not that there is a prince and a great man 
fallen this day in Israel?" 

The article proceeds as follows : — 

"Deacon Brown is dead," was the sudden 
sad announcement that sent grief and gloom 

into the homes of Concord on the th 

instant. Yes, the good Bible man has gone 
to his rest. The cheering familiar face of 
our dear loving friend and brother will be 
seen no more. The pilgrim has ceased his 
wanderings; the well-worn and time-honored 
satchel with its precious Bible burden has 
ceased its visitations; and the whole State 
is in tears." He was born in Hollis, July 3, 
1815. His residence had been in Campton 
the last 42 years of his life and there he is 
buried. 

"In January 1849 he commenced the work 
of canvassing the State for supplying the 
Bible under the auspices of the New Hamp- 
shire Bible Society — a work which death 
found him engaged in, having been as he 
playfully termed it 'wandering forty years 
in the wilderness' and having in that time 
walked more miles than any other man in 
the State, and left in its homes more than one 
hundred thousand copies of the word of God. 
He has also often supplied pulpits, attended 



untold bible meetings; engaged in revival 
services; largely aided the Y. M. C. A. and 
done an immense amount of Christian work 
in the families of the State in connection with 
his oft repeated visits. His visits will be 
missed. And what will the Bible meeting 
be without the Bible man? Who can fill 
his place?" 

In summer's heat and winter's cold, 
< I'er hill and dale and plain, 
He's borne his satchel till grown old, 
Through sunshine and through rain. 

There's not a home, however proud, 

A cot, however small, 

Xor one so lone and solitaire, 

As not to know his call. 

More was his love to give than sell, 
'Twas need he sought to reach; 
But more and most 'twas his delight 
The ignorant to teach. 

And many rescued, saved ones 
Will weep when thev shall learn 
That the beloved "Bible Man" 
To his long rest has gone. 

He rests, and blessed is his rest, 
For in long years to come, 
His name shall yield a sweet perfume 
Within our every home. 

The Lord be praised for Deacon Brown. 

His noble Christian race. 

And may his kindly Providence 

As richly fill the place. 

E. D. B. 

The writer was at one time the 
recipient of a discarded satchel made 
from the faithful horse's hide which 
had been many times through the 
State, slung from the good man's 
shoulder, and into which, and out of 
which, he had handled many a volume 
of the Holy Book. 

After the death of Mrs. Thurston 
in 1898, as the writer was about leav- 
ing America for foreign shores to be 
absent some years, and not knowing 
that she would ever return to live 
in the old home again, she gave this 
sacred souvenir which had been 
given to her by the "Bible Man," 
himself, to the New Hampshire His- 
torical Society, and it is probably 
safe in the Society's charge today. 

He used to tell a story of one frosty 
morning, when, in the neighborhood 
of the new Cemetrey, he met a peddler 
who accosted him thus: "Well, old 
man what are you selling?" The 
Deacon replied "Lamps." "Lamps?" 
said the peddler; "Lamps? how can 
you have lamps in that bag?" The 



144 



The Granite Monthly 



Deacon opened his bag and took out 
a book, opening it to Psalms 119; 
105; repeating the words as he handed 
the Testament to the man: 

"Thy word is a lamp unto my feet 
and a light unto my path." 

"Ha-ah!" said the peddler and he 
drove on. 

Deacon Brown told once of stop- 
ping with his sister in Manchester, 
N. H., when he inquired of her hus- 



to pass that place by. But the 
Deacon went. On entering he first 
beheld four young men at a table 
playing cards. He walked up to 
the table, opened his bag, took out 
one ten cent Testament after another 
and laid them at the elbows of the 
young men. Each in turn opened 
the book, and one of them said, "This 
don't seem to be just the place for 
that sort of a book, does it?" The 




Dr. J. Elizabeth Hoyt-Stevens 



band concerning a certain saloon in 
their vicinity. Mr. Holbrook stated 
the name of the owner, but said; 
"You are not going in there, are you? 
you must not go in there. Don't 
do it!" Next morning the Deacon's 
brother-in-law asked him; "You are 
not going into that saloon, are you?' : 
The Deacon replied, "I don't know." 
Mr. Holbrook again emphatically 
stated that he must not go into that 
place and pleaded at length for him 



Deacon asked, "What do you think 
your mother would say about it?" 
And he replied; "I know who you are. 
You used to call upon my mother 
upon the hill. I remember you." 
"Well, young man," said the Deacon, 
"which do you think your mother 
would prefer you to have, the Testa- 
ment or the cards? " And he, turning 
to his companions, said — "I guess 
we had better take them, boys." 
A young man then entering walked 



Deacon William G. Brown 



145 



straight to the bar and called for a 
glass of beer. The Deacon walked 
up and planted a ten cent Testament 
beside the glass. The young man 
looked at it and the Deacon exclaimed 
"The spirit of God and the spirit of 
the Devil side by side and not quar- 
reling!'' Then the Deacon asked, 
"Which will you have: they are both 
the same price?" The fellow bought 
the Testament and went out, leaving 
the glass untouched. The saloon- 
keeper informed Deacon Brown that 
he was doing more business there than 
himself. The Deacon replied to the 
saloon-keeper; "Well, you'll buy one 
before I get through ; you need a Bible. 



week came to her home, which was 
beautifully furnished. She greeted 
him cordially and reiterated her great 
interest in the cause he represented, 
saying she should be pleased to con- 
tribute. She arose and left the room, 
returning with a five dollar bill and 
handed it to Deacon Brown. As he 
was folding it to put it into his pocket 
she remarked that they were short 
for money just now. If he would 
make the change he might keep five 
cents for the cause. The Deacon 
put his hand into his pocket and 
brought out a handful of silver, 
slowly counted out the change and 
gave her four dollars and ninety-five 




The Sewel Hoit House. Concord Home of Deacon William G. Brown 



Here is one for forty cent>."' All 
the hangers-on took up the subject 
and challenged the bar-keeper till he 
was forced to make an offer. He 
said, "I'll. give you twenty-five cents 
for it"- — and the Deacon replied, 
"the book is yours." Following this 
more copies of the Testament were 
sold in the saloon before the good man 
left, 

In a thrifty Xew Hampshire town 
where contributions were asked a 
finely dressed woman after church 
told the Deacon that she was greatly 
interested in his work and that when 
he should call at her house she would 
give him something for the cause. 
He thanked her and the following- 



cents ($4.95); Then said, "Now, 
madam. I thank you for your gener- 
ous gift. I hope you will follow it 
with your prayers. Good Morning." 
On another occasion, while in con- 
versation with an egotistical man 
who claimed to believe that there is 
no God, the Deacon energetically 
remarked "Oh I have heard of you! 
You are mentioned in a book I have 
here." The man became very curious 
and wanted to see the book and his 
own mention. The Deacon opened 
his satchel and took out one of his 
Bibles; opening to Psalm 1-4—1 he 
pointed for the man to read — " The fool 
hath said in his heart, there is no God." 
The man read and hung his head. 



146 



The Granite Monthly 



. One autumn during the latter part 
of the good man's life Mr. and Mrs. 
Thurston and the writer, in response 
to an oft repeated invitation took a 
carriage trip to Campton to spend 
Saturday and Sunday in the home of 
Mr. and Mrs. Brown. On the even- 
ing after the arrival it was chilly. 
The Deacon's son Henry sat on the 
woodbox in the kitchen while each 
of the others occupied chairs near 
the stove. It was a cozy country 
scene. The subject of conversation 
as the writer remembers it, was inter- 
esting because Mr. Henry Brown 
knew the wooded Waterville property 
which had belonged to Sewel Hoit 
which his heirs had never seen and 
which they had recently sold. 

On Saturday Mrs. Brown escorted 
us to a quilting party, at the church 
vestry. The church people were busy 
at work for the eldest daughter of 



the pastor, Miss Ellen Blakely, who 
was about to leave for foreign shores 
as missionary to Turkey. That sec- 
ond night the wind howled, and in 
the morning the ground was white 
with snow. There were cracks and 
crevices in the house, through which 
the snow actually blew. The build- 
ing was old and probably the deacon 
felt that it was not worth enough to 
pay for fixing it up; for to begin 
would have meant no end to repair 
and expense. 

In 1907 the writer married George 
W. Stevens of Claremont, who, as 
she later discovered, had in his youth 
also assisted Deacon Brown in his 
canvassings of Ac worth, and that on 
such occasions the Deacon's home 
had been in Mr. Stevens' father's 
family. Thus was the man of God 
endeared to the hearts of both New 
Hampshire people. 



MAY MEADOWS 

By Charles Henry Chesley 

May meads are fit for tripping feet, 

Children of the spring ; 
Gay young hearts with joy replete, 
Melodies from near retreat 

Where the thrushes sing — 
Happy youths and maidens stray 
Through the blooming fields of May. 

Innocent, with bluet eyes, 
Creeps the greening grass, 

And the golden cowslip vies 

With the oriole that flies 
Through the maple pass. 

All the colors of the morn 

In the meads of May were born. 

Fancy rears her castles high 

In a bed of flowers; 
Maidens dance with laughing eye, 
This is not the time to sigh, 

Cherish well the hours, 
For the song that ripples here 

Lives a joy full many a year. 



MOXHECxAN ISLAND 

By Helen Rolfe Holmes 



About twenty miles out to sea from 
Boothbay Harbor, Maine, lies the 
peaceful little island of Monhegan. 
To a lover of nature it is an ideal 
spot. Its very primitiveness gives 
one a feeling of perfect rest. Within 
its length of two and a half miles 
and width of one mile, one never 
tires of the varied scenery, for there 
are so many kinds, — the rocky cliffs, 
the sandy beach, the woods of tall 
evergreen trees and the green fields. 

This island is only inhabited by 
about a hundred people, fishermen 
and their families, who live there the 
year around. Their little cottages 
are small but comfortable. 

Through the summer a few visitors 
come to the island, who mostly board 
at the two small hotels. Many of 
them are people who have come year 
after year to spend their summer in 
the quaint old place they have learned 
to love. There are many artists 
who never tire of coming to paint on 
their canvas the beautiful spots they 
find on the island and to sketch the 
old tumbling down fish houses, where 
are stowed away nets, oars, lobster 
cages and what would seem to us only 
"trash" but which are very useful to 
these old fishermen. 

To one who has spent a summer on 
dear old Monhegan Island it is like 
being in another world than our busy 
cities or thronged summer resorts. 
The memory will ever be a pleasant 
and dear one to those fortunate 
enough to visit this little island. 

It is a daily event to the islanders 
when the small boat arrives with the 
mail, supplies and a few passengers. 
Xo large steamers come to the island. 
Two small sail boats, fitted with 
power engines to be used in cases of 
necessity, attend to all the wants. 
Occasionally a private yacht with 
tourists makes a landing to allow the 
people on board a few hours on this 
attractive island. Plentv of row and 



sail boats are generously loaned by 
the fishermen to the summer visitors. 
Lying parallel with the island is a 
ledge of rocks called "Mananna" 
which forms a little harbor for Mon- 
hegan Island. This ledge is on the 
side toward the mainland. On its 
highest point are a fog horn and a 
bell. On a foggy day these make the 
first sounds to let the craft know they 
are nearing Monhegan Island. As 
one approaches Mananna, in a clear 
day, he thinks it is Monhegan and is 
disappointed, but when the boat 
makes the turn around the ledge into 




Small Harbor, between Mananna and Monhegan 

the tiny harbor his first thought can 
be none other than, "What a fasci- 
nating spot," for now he sees Mon- 
hegan Island. 

Stepping from the boat to the old 
wooden wharf the visitor will see 
what he would call a two wheeled 
dump cart to which is attached the 
only horse on Monhegan Island. 
This takes the mail, the supplies and 
baggage to the proper places. This 
same cart does all the necessary 
teaming on the island. There are a 
few cows and plenty of hens on the 
island. 

Walking up the road path from the 
wharf one sees first an old carpenter 
shop, then the Post Office. This is in 
the ell part of a quaint old house of 



148 



The Granite Monthly 



nearly a century of years old. There 
are several old houses upon this 
island, for its history dates back 
nearly as far as that of Plymouth, 
Massachusetts. Some of the island- 




A Bit of Interior Scenery 

ers insist that it had been visited before 
that place, even. 

There is only one road through 
Monhegan, but many a path winds 
about in the woods, fields and on top 
of the cliffs. Scattered along this 
road are the homes of the fishermen, 
the one little store that the island 
boasts of, a small school house, a little 
church, a very few summer residents' 
cottages, a few artists' bungalows 
and two small hotels. This road 
winds along rather irregularly with 
plenty of rocks to stumble over. 

There is one house on the island 
that draws attention at once. It is 
called the "Influence" and is of a very 
different type from the others. Vari- 
ous romantic stories hover over this 
quaint and mysterious looking house 
which was built by other hands than 
that of fishermen evidently, for it is 
the style of architecture one finds in 
other countries. 

All these romances have for their 
foundation that an Italian nobleman 
came and had built this mansion years 
and years ago and that he brought 
a beautiful bride there to live. For 
some reason they chose to drop their 
real family names. There is some 
truth in the stories but no one knows 
the full histon^ of the house. It has 
been made over, partly, into studios 
for summer artist visitors and some 



rooms reserved for a family who come 
every year from Massachusetts, to 
occupy it. 

One of the fascinating spots on the 
island is Lobster Cove. Here are 
broad flat rocks where one can sit for 
hours watching the surf as it dashes 
wildly over the many jagged rocks 
on the outer edge of the island. One 
can look far out to sea from this side 
of the island and see naught but the 
vast ocean, flecked occasionally with 
a white sail nearer the island. 

Following along from here one 
comes to a path leading up to the 
great rocky cliffs, grand as they are, 
overlooking the broad ocean. Some 
are one hundred and seventy-five feet 
high. The colorings in these cliffs 
furnish many subjects for the artists 
who paint such beautiful pictures of 
them. These cliffs extend quite a 
distance along the shore and are 
given many names suitable to their 
colors, shapes and resemblances, such 
as "White Head," "Black Head," 
"Burnt Head," "Gull Rocks," etc. 

A great pastime for the summer 
visitor is to climb the path to these 
cliffs and walk out as far toward the 
edge as a clear and steady head will 
allow, then sit down and watch the 
graceful sea gulls as they fly about so 
thickly. The air, the great expanse of 




Cliffs and Rocky Shore of Monhegan 

sky and sea, the grandeur of the rocks 
all harmonize together and invigorate 
as no tonic can do. Inside Burnt 
Head is a cave which is difficult of 
access and only the courageous at- 



Monhegan Island 



149 



tempt it. Its darkness and dampness 
are fairly gruesome and one must step 
across water from rock to rock in one 
place to enter its opening. 

At the upper end of the island, 
along the shore is Pulpit Rock, so- 
called from its resemblance. Near 
this and built upon rocks is an old 
weather-worn, unpainted house called 
the "Hermitage" which is occupied 
by a genuine hermit, an old man of 
over eighty years. He lives alone 
and is a great wonder to all visitors 
to the Island. 

In the upper end of the island the 
beautiful "Cathedral Woods" furnish 
a cool retreat for a walk upon a 
warm summer day. One seldom finds 
so many tall and perfectly straight 
evergreen trees. The beautiful ferns 
make a vista of green, through the 
trees, that forms a picture to the eye. 
These trees are like great spires. 
Thus they take their name. 

On the highest point in the island 
stands Monehegan Light House, whose 
powerful light is thrown by a lens 
bought in France at a cost of forty 
thousand dollars. This is a first- 
class lighthouse. In connection with 
the lighthouse is the house where the 
faithful keeper and family live. The 
immaculate whiteness of this set of 
buildings, both inside and outside, is 
refreshing. 

In about the center of the island 
are a few acres of fields where plenty 
of berries are picked in their season. 
There are vegetable gardens on the 
island. 

At the little chapel a prayer and 
song service is held unless a minister 
chances to be among the visitors. 

The little cemetery is near the 
lighthouse. Grave stones are rare, 
but crosses of wood are used. Here 
are buried many unknown sailors 
whose bodies have been saved from 
wrecks, washing to shore, as well as 



the dear ones of the fishermen's 
families. 

In the little store can be found a 
few groceries, fishing tackle, pipes 
and tobacco, etc., but about every- 
thing has to be brought from the 
mainland in the "Effort" which has 
made daily trips for about thirty 
years carrying all the mail. The 
"Effort" has seen many a wintry 
storm and has had few mishaps. 

There are many children on this 
island who have never seen the main- 





Monhegan Lighthouse 

land and know no life but that of 
their own little sphere. 

There could be no more charming 
spot, than this little island, no more 
good hearted people than these fisher- 
folk, no better air, no better place to 
rest from the turmoil of our busy 
lives, than this quiet haven. 

Dear old Monhegan, may you 
always keep your quaintness and may 
the hand of man never disturb your 
wondrous beauty, which shows the 
hand of God in His beautiful works 
of nature! 



BRAVE SOLDIERS OF THE SEA 

By Margaret Quimby 

Just as the tide is flowing 

Out to the open sea, 
We'll cast adrift sweet flowers 

In loving memory 
Of the heroes, lost and buried 

In ocean's voiceless deep. 
Immortal are love's vigils — 

Fond memory cannot sleep. 

On and on the years may roll, 

Yet time can ne'er efface 
The stirring deeds of valor, 

On history's page we trace: 
For our sailor soldiers battled 

Not alone 'gainst shot and shell, 
Storm-tossed, on the wild wide ocean, 

Four-fold their perils swell. 

And silently drifting onward, 

On crested waves of sea; 
Sweet flowers shall blend, as incense, 

Our love with their loyalty. 
And on through all the ages, 

The children of the free 
With loving hands, shall flowers cast 

On the tide flowing out to sea. 

For human love, like love divine, 

Can ne'er forget its oWn, — 
Our soldier dead shall honored be 

Till heaven and earth are one; 
While they, in the Holy City, 

From mansions of the blest, 
May see and know us, as we cast 

Sweet flowers on Ocean's breast. 



THE MYSTIC SPRING 

By Stewart Everett Rowe 

Smile through the day and then amid the night 
Smile in your dreams, no matter what befall, 
And know for sure that e'er you hear the Call 

Your fond desire shall be your own by right; 

Smile on! Smile on! With all your strength and might 
For smiles — you know— make all the world go round,— 
Yes, he who smiles the Mystic Spring has found 

Whereof to drink and win at last the fight! 

Oh! Can't you see and can't you know for sure 
That if you mope and grope and hope in grief, 
You'll surely fall and fail beyond relief, 

(Unless you smile — for smiles all ills can cure) ; 

So don't you dare let sadness play the thief 

And steal away your life so sweet and pure! 



F. B. SANBORN 

The Last of the Abolitionists 
By Harold D. Carew 



To the boys and girls of today, 
who have read with delight the stories 
of Hawthorne in their quaint, grip- 
ping, inimitable style, or the poems 
of Longfellow in their simplicity of 
charm, or the stirring speeches of 
Wendell Phillips against the injustice 
of slavery; to those of us in maturer 
years who have spent many pleasant 
hours in delving into the inspiring 
philosophy of Emerson, or studying 
the somewhat obscure verses of Whit- 
man, — to each one of us, indeed, at 
some time in our lives, must have 
come the almost irrepressible desire ' 
to have known these men. 

Where is the imaginative, adven- 
ture-loving schoolboy of the last 
half century who has not read with 
mingled amazement and admiration 
the account of John Brown's ill- 
starred assault at Harper's Ferry? 
And where is the impulsive, romantic 
schoolgirl who has not felt an over- 
powering sense of gratitude to Louisa 
Maj^ Alcott for having given us 
"Little Women", — or has not pictured 
to herself the ideally happy environ- 
ment of Brook Farm in the early 
50's, with such congenial associates 
as Henry David Thoreau and Mar- 
garet Fuller and George Ripley? 

Of that brilliant circle of anti- 
slavery agitators who played their 
parts on the stage of our national 
progress in the most memorable 
drama of our country's history, 
there is but one survivor — Franklin 

[Portions of this article were published recently in 
the Saturday supplement of a Boston newspaper as 
a biographical sketch of Mr. Sanborn, while excerpts 
of the interview here given appeared in another Boston 
daily under the caption, "Sanborn's Views of Roose- 
velt' at the time of the ex-President's announcement of 
his presidential candidacy. I have combined the two 
articles for the Granite MoNTHLY.-eliminating much 
that would have no bearing on the subject as an his- 
torical article, and amplifying the story of Sanborn's 
connection with the abolition movement. 

I have made no attempt to go into the details of the 
events here recorded, nor have I written as thoroughly 
as I hope to! do at a later day on my impressions o! im- 
personality of the man. H. D. C.] 



B. Sanborn, the last of the abolition- 
ists. 

In these days of commercialism, 
when the whirlwind of business activ- 
ity leaves but little time for a more 
thoughtful consideration of the events 
that stirred those men to action, we 
are prone to forget them. History 
has accredited them the honor, how- 
ever, and their names are inscribed 
on the escutcheon of American liberty. 

Seldom indeed has the opportunity 
been given a man of knowing on inti- 
mate terms so many men and women 
famous in the annals of history; and 
today he lives, surrounded by the 
memories of friendship, a connecting- 
link, as it were, between the living 
and the dead. 

The writer visited the venerable 
patriarch not long ago in his home 
in the quiet little village of Concord — • 
rich in literary lore of days gone by— 
and found him as enthusiastic, after 
eighty years of vigorous, eventful 
life, as if he were beginning his career 
all over again. We sat in his study- 
he beside the fireplace, and I before 
the smouldering embers on the hearth. 
He was in a reminiscent mood, and 
our chat was full of glittering gen- 
eralities. 

Though a writer of note and a 
speaker whose services are constantly 
in demand, very little is generally 
known of his early life, or of the 
service he rendered to the cause of 
freedom. 

Franklin B. Sanborn was born 
December 15, 1831, at Hampton 
Falls, New Hampshire. He attended 
the common schools and the academy 
of his native town, and early in the 
fall of 1852 he matriculated at Har- 
vard, where his literary tastes soon 
won the recognition of the upper, 
classmen, who asked him to submit 
contributions to the college paper. 



152 



The Granite Monthly 



A few weeks later there appeared 
in its columns a review of Thoreau's 
"Maine Woods," which had just been 
published. One afternoon shortly 
after, the poet-naturalist, having 
learned the name of his favorable 
critic, called and left with the young- 
student , who was later to become his 
biographer, an autographed copy of 
the book; and there sprung from this 
incident a friendship between the 
two that lasted till Thoreau's death. 

Sanborn soon became known as 
an anti-slavery agitator, and his 
many public utterances, as well as 
his frequent contributions to William 
Lloyd Garrison's paper, "The Liber- 
ator," brought his name prominently 
before the leaders of the movement 
as a young man whose services were 
needed. 

The repeal of the Missouri Compro- 
mise and the subsequent enactment 
permitting the seizure of slaves only 
served to accentuate the bitterness 
of the North against the traffic in 
human lives, and, perhaps, more than 
any other event, prophesied the great 
struggle into which the country was 
precipitated less than ten years later. 

During his first year at CDllege, 
Sanborn formed the acquaintance of 
Theodore Parker and Dr. Samuel G. 
Howe, husband of Julia Ward Howe; 
heard Thomas Wentworth Higginson 
preach in his church in Newburyport, 
and met Whittier at his home in 
Amesbury, where many spirited dis- 
cussions were held on the all-absorb- 
ing question that was already 
assuming gigantic proportions. In 
1853, in company with Dr. Howe, he 
heard Charles Sumner for the first 
time in Faneuil Hall. Emerson, be- 
cause of his expressed views, had been 
ostracised from Harvard by a rigid 
orthodox faculty; and in Sanborn, 
who visited him in his home in Con- 
cord, the philosopher took a keen 
interest. 

In the summer of 1854 occurred 
one of the most pathetic incidents 
of his life. He was called to the sick- 
bed of MiSs Ariana Smith Walker, 
of Peterborough, whom he met five 



years before in the village church in 
Hampton Falls, and to whom he had 
paid court. Through her guiding 
love and devotion he had planned his 
course for the future, but the infinite 
malice of destiny cut short her life 
ere their dreams were realized. With 
the certainty of approaching death, 
they were married on August 24, 
and a week later she expired in his 
arms. 

Under the staggering blow — his 
first real sorrow — he returned to his 
work and plunged still deeper into 
the cause he had espoused. He re- 
moved in March 1855 to Concord, 
where he has since made his home; 
and in the late spring of the following 
year, as an agent of the Massachu- 
setts State Kansas Committee, he 
went to Kansas to determine a route 
over which anti-slavery emigrarlts 
might travel without molestation from 
pro-slavery adherents, or "border 
ruffians," as they were known. 

Returning late in the summer he 
became secretary of the society and 
opened an office in the Niles Building 
on School street in Boston. To this 
office one cold day early in January, 
1857, came John Brown with a letter 
of introduction from a friend in 
Springfield. During his stay in Mass- 
achusetts he was entertained at San- 
born's house in Concord, and on one 
memorable night, of which Sanborn 
has written at some length in his 
biography of Brown, spoke in the 
town hall to a large and enthusias- 
tic audience, previous to his depart- 
ture for Ossaw atomic 

Truly these were stirring times! 
Within three years Virginia had 
wreaked her vengeance by sending 
the old captain to the gallows, and 
in a little more than five years the 
troops, on their way to the front, 
were singing: — 

"John Brown's body lies amoulder- 

ing in the grave, 
But his soul is marching on!" 

The rapid succession of events 
necessitated immediate as well as 
thoughtful action. Hostile eyes were 



F. B. Sanborn 



153 



continually riveted on their move- 
ments, and much adverse criticism 
was brought to bear from quarters 
generally supposed to be in sympathy 
with the cause. The crisis of seces- 
sion had not yet come, and the more 
conservative members of Congress 
from the Free States were inclined 
to lean toward a satisfactory solution 
of the problem through amicable 
compromise. 

But the abolitionists were not to 
be swerved from their purpose, and 
their forces were marshalled into 
what became known as the "under- 
ground railway," a system whereby 
runaway slaves were aided in certain 
towns in a direct route to Canada. 
Sanborn's home was one of the 
"stations," and many slaves found 
and received the hospitality of the 
gallant young defender of liberty. 

When the news flashed through the 
North that John Brown, after an 
unsuccessful attempt to gain posses- 
sion of Harper's Ferry, had been 
taken prisoner and that letters of an 
incriminating nature from several 
men in Massachusetts had been found 
on his person, Sanborn was conducting 
a private school in Concord. He had 
been corresponding with Brown prior 
to this event, but for several weeks 
the latter had not disclosed his move- 
ments even to his most intimate 
friends. 

Senator Mason of Virginia immed- 
iately demanded that a committee 
of investigation be appointed in the 
Senate, and Sanborn and Dr. Howe 
were summonsed to appear before 
that committee to tell what they knew 
of the "conspiracy." Had they 
obeyed the summons they would have 
been taken on Virginia or Maryland 
soil and spirited away to share a like 
fate with the captain. But they 
refused to obey, and warrants for 
their arrest were forthwith sworn 
out on charges of contempt. San- 
born fled to Quebec, but returned 
within a few days; again went to the 
Canadian city, but came back finally 
on advice of his counsel, John A. 
Andrew, later the war governor of 



Massachusetts, and threw himself on 
his state rights. 

No action having been taken in the 
matter for over two months, Sanborn 
concluded that the plan had been 
abandoned; but on the evening of 
April 3, 1860, shortly after nine 
o'clock, as he sat reading in his study, 
the door bell rang. Upon answering, 
a young man passed him a note pur- 
porting that the bearer was worthy of 
charity, and he stepped back to read 
it by the hall lamp. Looking up he 
saw four men before him. One of 
them placed his hand upon Sanborn's 
shoulder, saying, "You are under 
arrest." 

"By what authority," he asked. 

"By authority of the United States 
Senate," came the reply. 

Before he had fully recovered from 
his surprise the men had snapped a 
pair of handcuffs on to his wrists and 
were preparing to take him bodily to 
a hack waiting them in the road. 
The clever ruse was frustrated. Bra- 
cing his feet against the casements of 
the door and the pillars of the portico 
and again on the stone butments of 
the fence, he impeded their progress; 
and finally, as his captors were en- 
deavoring to put him into the car- 
riage feet first, he kicked in the door. 

Sanborn's sister, who had retired 
early, hearing the commotion in the 
hall, set up a vociferous calling from 
the side door, arousing the neighbors. 
Within a few minutes the church 
bells were ringing and dozens of men 
and boys were hurrying to rescue 
their townsman from his kidnappers, 
who beat a hasty retreat off toward 
Lexington. 

During the war his service was as 
fully conspicuous, and with its close 
he retired to his home on the Concord 
River to devote himself to his liter- 
ary work. From 1867 to 1871 he 
edited the Springfield Republican, and 
for more than twenty-five years has 
been a member of the Massachusetts 
State Board of Charities. He has 
held many other positions of honor 
and trust, and has been a voluminous 
writer on subjects covering a wide and 



154 



The Granite Monthly 



varied field. He is the biographer 
of John Brown, Henry David Thor- 
eau, Ralph Waldo Emerson, and his 
old colleague, Samuel G. Howe. 
"Recollections of Seventy Years," 
published three years ago, is a delight- 
fully charming record of his life. 

At eighty, his ideas of the spirit of 
reform are as fully advanced as those 
of the most ardent reformer of half his 
years. His advancing years have 
not been years of retrogression. He 
has not lost any of the old time ardor 
that characterized his earlier life, and 
he enters into a discussion of the 
topics of the day with a vigor and 
effectiveness that are quite remarkable. 

With the same spirit that led him 
to fight for the freedom of the slave 
he has been fighting ever since against 
social and political conditions that 
seem to him unjust. In the present 
political insurgency of both parties 
he traces the spirit that moved the 
abolitionists to action. 

Among other questions during my 
visit I asked him: "Has the spirit 
that actuated the abolitionists of 
sixty years ago a relative value as 
applied to present day reform?" 

"There is no question," he an- 
swered, "that presents itself with such 
compelling force as did the question 
of slavery; yet, in a broad sense, 
the spirit that is urging progressive 
ideas toward the betterment of eco- 
nomic conditions may be said to be 
identical with the spirit that infused 
into the abolitionists a determination 
of overthrowing the power that held 
the negro in bondage. 

"The slave-holders," he continued, 
"attempted to govern the country 
through the power of wealth, and that 
is exactly what the capitalistic inter- 
ests are endeavoring to do today. In 
their eagerness to acquire prestige 
and to set themselves up as a dicta- 



torial dynasty, they brought about 
a condition that foreshadowed their 
downfall." 

Fearless expression of conscientious 
convictions is characteristic of the 
man; his views are clearly defined 
and his purpose unwavering. ' Speak- 
ing at the celebration of the centennial 
of Charles Sumner in Fanueil Hall, 
in January, 1911, he deplored the 
spirit of hate and deprecated, with a 
stinging rebuke, the conspicuous ab- 
sence of both Massachusetts senators 
because of "petty political disap- 
pointments of a vanished year." 

There is something about the man 
that is inspiring. It may be his 
fearlessness, but, better still, his 
readiness, to perceive that the dogmas 
and theories of an earlier age do not 
fit the needs of today, and his willing- 
ness to look about for a remedy to 
cope with the exigency. 

"How must we go about it," I 
concluded, "to overthrow the usurped 
power of the courts and the tenets of 
political corruption?" 

"The initiative and referendum 
still remain popular causes, and 
through them the plain people will 
eventually win." 

And as the train rattled over the 
tracks toward Boston in the gathering- 
darkness, I thought to myself: Of 
those men who were his companions 
in the great struggle — Phillips, Gar- 
rison, Higginson, Howe, Redpath, 
Whittier, Beecher, — all have finished 
their work, and he remains alone. 

The true greatness of their work can- 
not now be measured, but other times 
and other men will pay glowing trib- 
utes to their memory and place a fair 
value on what they have given us. 
And with the names of those he knew 
and loved, the name of Sanborn will 
shine resplendent as a vitalizing 
power in the works of men. 



LINES WRITTEN TO A BABY 

By Maude Gordon Roby 

Gilbert Lee 
When you I see 
The other babies look to me 
Like fruit upon the chestnut tree; 
Or tiny pebbles on the shore. 
Or bargains in the ten-cent store. 
In fact, I feel they are a bore 
They are so common, nothing more. 

But you, my own, sweet baby dear, 
You stand alone without a peer 
'Mongst all the babies. Think'st it queer? 
Nay, love, to me tis very clear. 
You're mother's baby — that is why 
You are so dear and sweet and shy, — 
So cuddle down and don't you cry; 
You're God's own blessing from the sky. 

And Gilbert, had you been a girl 

With flowing hair each day to curl, 

And dresses ruffled like a swirl, 

Life would have seemed a maddening whirl. 

So thank the Lord you are no toy, 

For you have won Earth's greatest joy. 

The only one without alloy — 

'Tis this, vou have been born a BOY! 



NIGHT WINDS 

By L.J. H. Frost 

Night winds now are sadly chanting 
Requiems over time's decay; 

Chanting dirges for the flowerets 
That today have passed away: — 

Flowers that, dying, left their fragrance 
To embalm departing day. 

Trembling star-beams now are gleaming- 
Down upon the shadowy earth; 

From behind night's sable curtain 
Look they down on scenes of mirth; 

Scenes of mirth and scenes of sadness. 
Worthless hearts ami hearts of worth. 

Shadows now are vigils keeping 
O'er the valleys while they sleep; 

And I feel their chilling presence 

Gathering round me while I wee]): — 

Weep I for the gentle voices 

That are lost in memory's deep. 




HON. WILLIAM H. MITCHELL 



Courtesy of the Littleton Courier. 



NEW HAMPSHIRE NECROLOGY 



HON. WILLIAM H. MITCHELL 

William H. Mitchell, born in Wheelock, 
Vt., September 18, 1856, died 'in Littleton, 
N.IL, April 20, 1912. 

Mr. Mitchell was one of the younger mem- 
bers of that large and brilliant galaxy of 
lawyers which the Green Mountain State 
has contributed to the New Hampshire bar, 
among whose names are those of Burke, Fos- 
ter, Hibbard, Benton, Bingham, Wait, Ray 
and many more conspicuous in the records 
of our jurisprudence. He was the son of 
John and Honora (Dougherty) Mitchell, 
reared on a farm and educated in the common 
schools, at Derby, Yt., Academy, and at the 
Littleton High School, which he attended 
for a time after his elder brother — John M. 
had made his home in that town, coming for 
the purpose of completing his preliminary 
education and studying law in the office of 
Hon. Harry Bingham with whom his brother 
had just associated himself in practice. 
Upon this study he entered in 1877, and was 
admitted to the bar in Concord in 1880, and 
soon after became a member of the firm of 
Bingham, Mitchells & Batchellor, which con- 
tinued until Mr. Bingham's death some 
twelve vears ago, when the firm of Batchellor 
& Mitchell was established, John M. Mitchell 
having long previously removed to Concord. 
This Latter firm continued until the summer 
of 1911, when Mr. Batchellor, having be- 
come almost totally blind and incapacitated 
for active practice, retired, leaving to Mr. 
Mitchell the burden of the large practice 
which he had mainly carried for years, and 
which had already impaired a constitution 
never specially vigorous, so that when the 
sudden attack of pneumonia, in its severest 
form, came a few days before his death, there 
was small chance for other than the fatal 
result that ensued. 

Mr. Mitchell's activities, however, had 
by no means been confined to his extensive 
legal practice, exacting as were its demand-. 
He became a member of the Littleton Board 
of Education in 1880, soon after removing 
to the town, continuing for eighteen years. 
For eight years he served as president of the 
board, giving much time and attention to his 
work, in appreciation of which the district 
named one of its school buildings, completed 
about the time of his retirement, the ''Mitch- 
ell School." He was also for ten years a 
trustee of the State Normal School at Plym- 
outh. He represented his town in the legis- 
lature, and the Grafton District in the State 
Senate in the session of 1889-90, during which 
he secured the passage of the free text-book bill , 
of which he was the author. He served as 
Solicitor of Grafton County from 1889 to 1895 
holding the office at the time of the murder, 
at Hanover, in the summer of 1891, of Chris- 
tie Warden by Frank C. Almy, the last and 



most notorious New Hampshire murderer to 
expiate his crime upon the gallows. It was 
through rare personal courage on Mr. Mitch- 
ell's part that Almy was taken alive, he being 
present and superintending the work of 
capture, as well as managing the subsequent 
trial, resulting, naturally, in conviction. 

For many years Mr. Mitchell was an at- 
torney for the Boston & Maine Railroad, 
devoting much attention to the interests of 
the corporation in the northern part of the 
state. Politically he was associated with the 
Democratic party, and active in its affairs 
in town, county and state, until the break-up 
in 1890, after which, like many of his associ- 
ates though less active, he was allied with the 
Republicans. He was public spirited in the 
highest degree, and prominent in various 
movements and enterprises calculated to 
promote the welfare of the community, in 
which no man was held in higher esteem, or 
enjoyed a wider circle of friendship. His 
unostentatious charity, and kindly benefac- 
tions to the needy and suffering will long be 
remembered to his credit by many whom the 
world knows not of. He was a good lawyer, 
a loj'al citizen, a True friend, a kindly, lovable 
man. 

Mr. Mitchell leaves a widow, who was Miss 
Delia Bingham, a daughter of the late Chief 
Justice Edward F. Bingham of the Supreme 
Court of the District of Columbia : one brother 
Judge John M. Mitchell of the Superior Court, 
and three sisters, — Mrs. Julia A. Donovan of 
West Somerville, Mass.. Miss Abbie E. 
Mitchell of Derby, Yt.. and Katherine C. of 
Concord. 

HON. STILSON HUTCHINS 

Stilson Hut chins, born in Whitefield, N. H., 
November 14. 1838, died at Washington. 
D. C, April 22. 1912. 

He was the son of Stilson and Clara (Eaton) 
Hut chins, descended from patriotic ancestry, 
two great grandfathers, — Capt. Nathaniel 
Hut chins and Capt. Nathaniel Eaton — being 
soldiers of the Revolution. He was educated 
in the public schools, at Hopkinton Academy, 
then under direction of that noted educator, 
Prof. Dyer H. Sanborn, and at the Dana 
Preparatory School of Harvard University. 

He commenced journalistic work on the 
Boston Herahl, in 1855, but, in the following 
year, removed with his parents to Iowa, 
where he started a country new-paper, and, 
later, became proprietor of the Dubuque 
Herald, which he made the most vigorous 
Democratic paper in that section of the coun- 
try. In I860 he removed to St. Louis, where 
he established the St. Louis Times, which he 
published for a number of years with great 
success, employing the services of writers of 
ability and reputation, and gaining a wide 
influence in the city and state. Meanwhile 



158 



The Granite Monthly 



he was personally active in political affairs, 
as a Democrat, and served with distinction 
in the state legislature. 

In 1877 he sold out in St. Louis and re- 
moved to Washington D. C, where he estab- 
lished the Washington Post, which soon 
became a strong and influential paper, and 
which he continued to publish until 1SS9, 
when he sold the same to Frank Hat ton and 
Beriah Wilkins. Meanwhile, in 1879, he 
had renewed his interest in his native state, 
taking a lease of Governor's Island in Lake 
Winnipisiogee, which he occupied and im- 
proved as a summer home, subsequently 
purchasing the same. In the same year he 
acquired control of the Manchester Daily 
Union, transforming the same into a morning 
paper — the first ever issued in the state. He 
held control of the Union for three years, 
when he disposed of his interest to Joseph C. 
Moore, who had been his partner in the enter- 
prise. Establishing his legal residence at 
his summer home, then within the limits of 
the City of Laconia, he entered actively into 
the politics of the state, and served as a rep- 
resentative in the legislature of 1885, when he 
was actively instrumental in the passsage 
of an act strengthening the law against cor- 
ruption in elections, and also prominent in 
other lines of legislative work. 

In 1896 Mr. Hutchins purchased the Wash- 
ington Times, which had been established 
but a few years and met with little success, 
but soon had it in flourishing condition, with 
his eldest son, Walter Stilson, as managing 
editor. This paper he sold, in 1902, to Frank 
A. Munsey, by whom it is still published. 

Asidefrom journalism and politics Mr. Hutch- 
ins was extensively and successfully engaged in 
various important business enterprises. He 
became largely interested in the Mergen- 
thaler linotype machine, soon after its inven- 
tion, and it was through his energy and push 
that it was introduced in Europe, and made 
headway in this country. He realized that 
there was a fortune in it, at the start and he 
fully demonstrated the accuracy of his judg- 
ment in succeeding years. He was an ex- 
tensive real estate operator in Washington. 
He built the Great Falls Electric Railway, 
to Cabin John Bridge, and sold the same at 
profit to the Washington Railway and Electric 



Company. He was also largely interested 
in railway and other enterprises in the South. 
Mr. Hutchins was a forceful writer and a 
ready and interesting speaker, with a ready 
fund of wit and strong power of invective. 
He formed many friendships, was public 
spirited, generous and charitable. He was 
three times married, and leaves two sons by 
the first wife — Walter S., and Lee Hutchins. 
A daughter, Clara — Mrs. Robert Fletcher 
Rogers of New York — died in 1892, leaving 
one child, a daughter, who graduates this 
year, from Radcliffe College. An extended 
biographical sketch of Mr. Hutchins will be 
presented hereafter. 

JOHN E. HENRY 

John E. Henry, long known as the " Lumber 
King" of Northern New Hampshire, died at 
his home in the town of Lincoln, on Friday, 
April 19, at the age of 81 years, lacking two 
days. 

He was a native of the town of Lyman, 
one of six children of Joseph and Mary Cal- 
houn Henry. His parents were poor and» he 
had, early in life, to make his own way in the 
world, commencing at the age of fifteen, 
to drive a freight team between different 
points which included Concord, Franklin, 
Portland and Montpelier. This business he 
continued for five years. At the age of 21 
he began to buy small tracts of land, cutting 
off the wood and timber and selling at a 
profit, and thus continued, till he became the 
largest land owner and most successful lum- 
ber operator in the state, and finallly disposing 
of his interest to his sons in 1908, since which 
time he had been retired from active work. 
He had long owned the entire township of 
Lincoln, where his enormous lumber mills 
were located, and large tracts of land outside, 
including extensive holdings in Mexico. 

Mr. Henry was married April 5, 1854, 
to Eliza M. Ide of Waterford, Yt. Five 
children were born to them, all of whom 
with their mother, survive Mr. Henry. 
They are Ida M., of Tintah, Minn., Hattie S. 
of Minneapolis, Minn., George E. Henry of 
Lincoln, John H. Henry of Pasadena, Cal. 
and Charles B. Henry of Lincoln. 



EDITOR AND PUBLISHER'S NOTES 



The spring meeting of the New Hampshire 
Board of Trade was held in the Probate Court 
room in Exeter on Tuesday May 7, upon in- 
vitation of the Exeter Board of Trade, a 
business session being held at 11 a.m., and a 
public meeting at 2 p.m. Olin H. Chase of 
Newport, the new president, was present 
and occupied the chair for the first time since 
his election. At the morning session, the 
following resolution, presented by the Secre- 
tary, H. H. Met calf of Concord, was unani- 
mously adopted: 

Whereas the city of Boston is the metropolis 
of New England, and whatever tends to pro- 
mote its growth and prosperity, contributes 
directly to the development and progress of 
our own and all other New England states, 
and 

Whereas much has been said, written and 
printed during the recent past concerning a 
"bigger, better and busier Boston," and 

Whereas the Boston Chamber of Commerce 
and other organizations and agencies estab- 
lished for the promotion of its welfare, as 
well as the newspaper press of the city, have 
long urged the adoption of various measures 
calculated to promote its commercial pros- 
perity and general business progress, through 
the improvement of its harbor, the extension 
of its docks; the prevention of railway monoply 
and the increase of transportation facilities, 
both local and transcontinental, be it hereby 

Resolved by the New Hampshire Board of 
Trade, that we earnestly recommend to the 
Boston Chamber of Commerce, the munici- 
pal government of the city, the Massachusetts 
legislature, the legislatures of our own and 
other New England States, and the Congress 
of the United States, the prompt initiation 
of measures providing for a great Interna- 
tional Exposition or World's Fair in that city 
during the year 1920, commemorative of the 
three hundredth anniversary of the landing 
of the Pilgrims at Plymouth — an event with- 
out parallel in importance in the history of 
our American development and the progress 
of civilization and freedom throughout the 
world. We believe that no project can be 
conceived whose execution would contribute 
more to the material progress, substantial 
growth and permanent prosperity oftheNew 
England metropolis than this, or whose 
influence, immediate and continued, would 
conduce more powerfully to the advantage 
of all the New England States, and especially 
our own, whose wonderful natural attrac- 
tions and scenic beauties would command 
the attention and the lasting admiration of 
thousands of visitors from all parts of the 
country and the world, heretofore unac- 
quainted therewith; and we pledge our earnest 
efforts, as a business organization, to the 
furtherance of this project, so far as the 
interest and cooperation of the people of 
New Hampshire are concerned. 



Another resolution, presented by E. E. 
Reed of Manchester, was also unanimously 
adopted, after some discussion, as follows: 

"Resolved, That the New Hampshire Board 
of Trade is in favor of granting authority 
to the Southern Xew England Railroad Cor- 
poration to build across this state so that the 
transcontinental system of the Grand Trunk 
Railway may be completed, and Xew Hamp- 
shire share in the benefits which shall accrue 
from this new force in the industrial develop- 
ment of Xew England." 

At the afternoon public meeting Mr. S. 
Percy Hooker, the newly appointed State 
Superintendent of Highways, discussed 
''Road Making and Maintenance" and 
Messrs. E. E. Reed of Manchester, and 
Richard Pat tee of Plymouth spoke of the 
coming Rockingham Fair, to be held at 
Salem in August. The Board voted to 
accept the invitation of the Salem Board of 
Trade to hold its annual summer outing at 
Rockingham Park in that town, at such time 
as the executive board may determine, which 
will probably be during the second week in 
July, as public attention generally will be 
centered upon the two great national political 
conventions during the last half of June. 



While the preferential vote taken in the 
Republican caucuses in, this State (which 
was decidedly light, by the way, when com- 
pared with the- full strength of the party) 
gave a considerable majority for Taft, over 
Roosevelt; and while there seemed to be a 
preponderance of sentiment for Champ Clark 
in the Democratic State Convention, the 
delegates of both parties will probably not 
feel morally bound to support the candidates 
indicated beyond the first ballot, unless the 
strength developed therefor shall be suffi- 
ciently great to warrant the presumption of 
ultimate success. Up to this time there is 
no certainty of a majority for any one of the 
prominent candidates mentioned, in either 
convention, although it may be said that Col. 
Roosevelt has developed a strength with the 
rank and file of his party which is more than 
surprising to the average observer. Should 
he succeed in capturing the nomination the 
problem before the Democratic Convention 
will be one whose solution will challenge 
the best judgment and most considerate action 
of that body. 

The first Wednesday in June, which comes 
on the fifth day of the month, is the day set 
for the opening of the Constitutional Conven- 
tion in Concord, and which will be the lasl 
gathering of the kind in the state for many 
years to come if that body discharges one 
of its most important duties, ami submits 
to the people for their acceptance a simpler 



160 



The Granite Monthly 



and less expensive manner of amending the 
Constitution than that now in vogue, which 
it may do by a provision that the Legislature 
may hereafter submit amendments to the 
people direct, for their acceptance or rejection. 
Scarcely anything has been said, as yet, in 
reference to the organization of the Conven- 
tion, and only two candidates for the presi- 
dency of that body are now understood to 
be in the field— Gen. Henry M. Baker of Bow 
and Mr. Edwin F. Jones of Manchester; 
Judge John M. Mitchell of Concord and ex- 
Attorney General Eastman of Exeter, both 
of whom have been mentioned declining 
to enter the contest. Nor is it apparent thus 
far that either Gen. Baker or Mr. Jones is 
making any special effort for the honor, and 
a friendly conference between delegates on 
the evening previous to the opening session 
will probably settle the matter. Thus far 
the clerkship does not seem to be regarded 
of sufficient importance to be sought for by 
any lawyer or politician of rank or prestige 
in either party. 



Agitation is being fostered in favor of a 
"short ballot," on the ground that the voters 
do not, or cannot act with sufficient care and 
consideration when using a ballot of " such 
length as is now put in their hands in most 
states, which is, in effect, an indictment of 
the people's intelligence, or fitness for self- 
government. The proposition is to lessen 
the number of elective offices, and have more 
of them filled by executive appointment. 
Possibly some offices, of a merely clerical 
nature, like those of register of deeds and of 
probate, that are now elective, might safely 
and properly be made appointive; but there 
are quite a number of others whose incumbents 
are appointed by the Governor or elected by 
the legislature that should be chosen by the 
people, so that, so far as this state is concerned, 
we should have a longer rather than a shorter 
ballot. To shorten the ballot is to take a 
long step away from democracy, toward ab- 
solutism ; and would be in direct antagonism 
to the spirit of the age. 



Railroad, thus shortening by a dozen miles 
the route between the Capital and the south- 
eastern section of the State; and at the same 
time avoiding various sharp curves and heavy 
grades. This improvement was solemnly 
promised the people when the Henniker and 
North Weare link was restored for the bene- 
fit of Manchester; yet the promise remains 
unfulfilled to the present day. 



Glowing accounts have appeared in some 
of the newspapers of late of proposed im- 
provements on Mount Washington, including 
a new scenic electrical railway to the summit, 
and a fine hotel thereon the expense in- 
volved aggregating $1,500,000. That such 
improvements would considerably increase 
the volume of travel to the summit , and there- 
by increase the amount of money there 
expended by tourists, some of which would 
remain in the state, is not to be doubted; 
but a project, which if carried out, would 
vastly better satisfy a large number of people, 
and far more benefit the state, on the whole, 
while involving a small part of such expendi- 
ture, would be the restoration of the Suncook 
and Candia link of the Concord & Portsmouth 



The several organizations advocating a 
woman suffrage amendment to the constitu- 
tion, will, doubtless, put the matter in charge 
of a special joint committee for its proper 
presentation to the convention, whose mem- 
bership will include Mrs. Mary I. Wood of 
Portsmouth, chairman of the Campaign Com- 
mittee of the N.H. Woman Suffrage Associa- 
tion, ' Mrs. Agnes M. Jenks, chairman of 
the Concord Association's Campaign Commit- 
tee, and Miss Mary N. Chase, president 
of the New Hampshire Woman Suffrage 
Association. The case for the suffragists will 
be presented entirely by New Hampshire 
people, and no outsider will come in, in that 
interest, unless the anti-suffragists import 
outside help, and it becomes necessary to resort 
to similar aid in rebuttal. The question is 
one that should properly be discussed before 
the convention, or its committee, by New 
Hampshire women, entirely. 



"Wayside Garniture" is the title of a 
charming volume of poems, of over 200 pages, 
from the pen of Rev. Thomas H. Stacey, 
D.D., pastor of the Curtis Memorial Free 
Baptist Church of Concord. The seventy 
poems included deal with a wide range of 
subjects enbracing varied forms of nature 
and phases of fife, and are aglow with the true 
poetic spirit, clothed in choice and expressive 
words. The volume, which is issued by 
Sherman, French & Co., of Boston, in duo- 
decimo form and handsome binding, will 
form a valuable addition to the literature 
of the state, and will be specially appreciated 
by the author's wide circle of admirers at 
home and abroad. 



The annual meeting of the N. H. Feder- 
ation of Women's Clubs was held this year 
outside the limits of the state, the city of Bos- 
ton being the meeting place, upon the invi- 
tation of the society of "New Hampshire's 
Daughters." Mrs. Etta F. Woodward of 
Nashua was re-elected President of the Fed- 
eration. 



The next issue of the Granite Monthly 
will be a double number, for June and July, 
and will be largely devoted to the coming 
Constitutional Convention. 




HON. EDWIN F. JONES 
President of the Constitutional Convention of 1912 



The Granite Monthly 



Vol. XLIV, Nos. 6&7 JUNE-JULY, 1912 New Series, Vol. 7, Noh. o&7 



LEADERS OF NEW HAMPSHIRE 

XII 

Hon. Edwin F. Jones 
By H. C. Pearson 



All the conventions which have 
been held in this state to revise its 
Constitution have chosen as their 
respective presidents men who ranked 
high among the leaders of New Hamp- 
shire in their own day. 

Beginning with the Convention of 
1791-1792, which had as its presiding 
officer Samuel Livermore, who had 
been attorney general of the state, 
member of the Colonial Congress and- 
of the first national House, and who 
was to be- thereafter for ten years 
United States Senator, the list includes . 
the names, in 1850-1851, of General 
Franklin Pierce, who had been United 
States Senator and who was to be 
President of the United States; in 
1876, of Daniel Clark, who had been 
United States Senator for ten years 
and was United States district judge; 
in 1889, of Charles H. Bell, who had 
been speaker of the House, president 
of the Senate, governor of the state 
and United States Senator; in 1902 
of General Frank S. Streeter, now 
holding the office of international 
boundary commissioner; and, in 1912, 
of Edwin F. Jones. 

This distinguished list forms one 
of the finest rolls of honor in our state 
annals, and it was a very high com- 
pliment which the Convention of 1912 
paid to Edwin Frank Jones of Man- 
chester when it gave him place in such 
a line. Nor had all his predecessors 



the same good fortune as Mr. Jones 
to have their ability, merit and fitness 
for the place so universally recognized 
as to receive a unanimous and abso- 
lutely unopposed election to the 
presidency. 

To assume so important an office 
with the requirement that the high 
expectations thus manifested should 
be fulfilled was no light responsibility; 
even though this manner of election 
assured to the president thus chosen 
the hearty support and co-operation 
of all the delegates. 

But all those who knew Mr. Jones 
and were acquainted with the record 
of his career, professional and in 
public life, had entire confidence that 
he would meet the test triumphantly, 
as he did. In presiding over the 
Convention he displayed an absolute 
fairness to all interests and to every 
delegate which won the esteem of all; 
while his complete mastery of the 
general rules of parliamentary pro- 
cedure and of those applicable to this 
particular gathering, coupled with his 
legislative experience and his alert 
and trained good sense, enabled him 
to make prompt, clear and correct 
rulings in every situation and to 
guide, to expedite and to make 
successful the work of the Convention. 

Nor was it solely by his able occu- 
pancy of the chair that President 
Jones aided in the good work of the 



162 



The Granite Monthly 



Convention. The early consideration 
of several subjects in the committee 
of the whole gave him an opportunity 
which he improved to take part in 
the proceedings on the floor and to 
urge that line of action in regard to 
taxation and some other questions of 
importance which he felt sure the 
people as a whole favored and the 
results of which they would be most 
likely to ratify. This he did without 
imperilling in the least the dignity and 
the impartiality of his official position. 
On the contrary, the active partici- 
pation in the affairs of the Convention, 
which was thus possible to him, aided 
him in enlisting the interest and labors 
of all to secure action of value from a 
Convention not unduly prolonged. 

A brief biographical review of Mr. 
Jones's life will show how his natural 
gifts and bent and all his training and 
experience combined to fit him for 
this position, which crowned a career 
just entering the mature fullness of 
its possibilities for useful achievement. 
Mr. Jones is of New Hampshire 
stock on both father's and mother's 
side, tracing his ancestry to one of 
the first settlers at Dover Point in 1623. 

He was born in Manchester, New 
Hampshire, April 19, 1859, the son 
of Fdwin R. Jones and Mary A. Farn- 
ham, and always has resided in the 
city of his nativity and early educa- 
tion, a city which has appreciated and 
honored him as a man, a citizen and a 
public servant. 

Fitting for college in the public 
schools of Manchester, including its 
excellent high school, he entered 
Dartmouth College in the fall of 1876, 
graduating in June, 1880, with the 
degree of .Bachelor of Arts and attain- 
ing such high rank in his studies as to 
receive election to the honorary 
fraternity of scholarship, Phi Beta 
Kappa. His class of 1880, which 
graduated 65 men, including the late 
Congressmen Barrett of Massachusetts 
and Foster of Vermont, and Judge 
W. B. Fellows, also a member of the 
Convention, was one of much promise 
during its undergraduate days, which 



has been amply fulfilled in the years 
that have followed. Mr. Jones was 
one of its leaders, not only in scholar- 
ship, but also in all the manifold 
activities of college life, and in the 
more than thirty years during which 
he has been an alumnus his love for 
Dartmouth and devotion to the inter- 
ests of the college never have flagged 
or failed. He has served on important 
committees of the general alumni 
association and has been an active 
member of his home alumni associa- 
tion at Manchester. 

Following his graduation from col- 
lege, Mr. Jones took up the study of 
law in the office of Judge David 
Cross of Manchester, and on August 
28, 1883, was admitted to practice 
in the courts of this state. At first 
he entered upon a legal partnership 
in Manchester with William J. Cope- 
land, Fsq., a connection which was 
terminated by Mr. Copeland's death 
in 1886. For sixteen years he prac- 
tised alone and since 1902 he has been 
a member of that Manchester law 
firm which is best known — and very 
widely and favorably known — as Burn- 
ham,Brown, Jones <fe Warren, though 
it has lost Mr. Burnham to the service 
of the nation as United States Senator 
and Mr. Brown to the service of the 
state as the head of its tax commission. 
The firm now consists of Mr. Jones, 
George H. Warren, Allan M. Wilson 
and Robert L. Manning, and the 
firm style is Jones, Warren, Wilson & 
Manning. Both Mr. Warren and 
Mr. Wilson were members of the 
late Constitutional Convention. 

In another year Mr. Jones will 
have completed three decades of the 
practise of his profession in New 
Hampshire, a period during which he 
has had active connection with all 
those branches of the law with which 
a member of one of the largest and 
busiest law firms within the common- 
wealth naturally would be called upon 
to deal. The argument of cases before 
the jury and the counselling and 
advising of corporation and other 
clients in their business affairs have 



Hon. Edwin F. Jones 



163 



constituted the larger part of his 
work in recent years. 

In his long years of success at the 
bar the friends of Mr. Jones have 
seen him manifest the same qualities 
that made him so admirable a presi- 
dent of the Constitutional Convention. 
Prompt, alert and keen, his client 
never loses an advantage through 
negligence or delay on his part. 
Yet Mr. Jones, the lawyer, never for- 
gets nor dissociates himself from Mr. 
Jones, the gentleman. Courtesy and 
kindness are as much his weapons 
before a jury as in the presence of the 
justices of the higher court, and in 
either place a wide and accurate 
knowledge of the law and a clear, 
direct and sensible interpretation and 
application of its provisions to the 
facts of the particular case add to his 
equipment for practice. 

Among the clients of Mr. Jones's 
firm is the largest industrial establish- 
ment in New Hampshire, the Amos- 
keag Manufacturing Company <A 
Manchester, and their choice for a 
long term of years has fallen upon 
Mr. Jones to represent them and to 
protect their interests as counsel 
before various committees of the 
Legislature and various state commis- 
sions at the Capitol in Concord. 
Such a responsible and delicate posi- 
tion demands much of him who 
occupies it in the way of tact, per- 
sonality and character, as well as of 
professional equipment; and a high 
compliment to Mr. Jones lies in the 
fact that throughout this service he 
not only has conserved most success- 
fully the interests of his clients, but 
at the same time has retained the 
respect, esteem and confidence of the 
legislators and the officials before 
whom he has appeared, and of the 
general public as well. He has also 
for some years looked after the 
interests of the Manchester Traction 
Light & Power Company, which con- 
trols the electric light and power and 
street railway situation in Manchester 
before the Legislature and commis- 
sions. Insurance companies, banks 



and other corporations are clients of 
the firm, which also represents many 
individual clients in court and advises 
them in their manifold legal matters. 

His election to the presidency of 
the New Hampshire Bar Association 
for the year 1908 gives most con- 
vincing testimony as to his high 
position in his profession and the 
regard in which he is held by his legal 
associates. 

Very soon after he had attained his 
majority and completed his college 
course Mr. Jones entered upon a 
career in politics and public life by 
becoming a successful candidate for 
the position of assistant clerk of the 
New Hampshire House of Represen- 
tatives at the legislative session of 
1881. Despite his youth and inex- 
perience his success in that place was 
so instant and complete as to bring 
about his promotion at the session of 
1883 to the office of clerk of the House 
and his re-election as clerk at the 
session of 1885. 

Here he gained that comprehensive 
knowledge of legislative rules and 
practice and cultivated that quick 
perception and unfailing urbanity 
which have been of such great service 
to him throughout his career and 
which he has most recently manifested 
in the discharge of his duties as presi- 
dent of the Constitutional Conven- 
tion. 

The young Dartmouth graduate, 
coming down from Hanover with a 
reputation as a scholar, was almost 
at once pressed into service as a mem- 
ber of the board of education of the 
city of Manchester and in that posi- 
tion he did valuable work for a number 
of years. In other ways, too, his 
home city honored and used him, for 
in January, 1887, he was chosen city 
solicitor and with each successive 
municipal change of administration 
was re-elected, for a period in all of 
twelve years. He has been for fifteen 
years a trustee of Pine Grove Cem- 
etery, after six years trustee of the 
City Library. 

From 1887 to 1895 he held the 



164 The Granite Monthly 

office of treasurer of Hillsborough 21, 1887, to Nora F. Kennard of 

county. In 1902 he was chosen a Manchester, the daughter of the late 

delegate to the convention of that Hon. Joseph F. Kennard. Their 

year to revise the constitution of the only child, Rebecca, died on October 

state and was prominent in its 26, 1902. 

deliberations, serving on the Standing Mr. Jones is a member of various 

Committee on Future Mode of Amend- clubs and of the I. 0. 0. F. and other 

ing the Constitution and other amend- fraternities, but it is his connection 

ments, and presiding with acceptance with Masonry which is most promi- 

in the committee of the whole. nent in this phase of his life. A mem- 

But Mr. Jones's connection with ber of Washington Lodge, Mount 
politics and public life has been more Horeb Chapter, Adoniram Council 
active and influential than that of a and Trinity Commandery, K. T., all of 
mere holder of office. In the very Manchester, he served as master of 
year of his graduation from college his lodge in 1891, was appointed dis- 
he made his debut as a stump speaker trict deputy grand master in the 
in the warm campaign which elected grand lodge in 1896 and became 
James A. Garfield President of the grand master of the grand lodge in 
United States, and from that time 1910. He is also a member of the 
forth his services as a political orator Scottish Rite bodies of the thirty- 
were in constant demand. The cul- second degree and of the Shrine. , 
ruination, in one sense, of his career This is the life story of a son of 
on this line came in 1900, when, as New Hampshire who made the state 
presiding officer of the Republican of his nativity and education his home 
State Convention, he delivered one of state as well, who has given her his 
the best addresses ever given on such best as private citizen, professional 
an occasion in New Hampshire. Fur- man and public servant, and who has 
ther deserved recognition of his active reaped thereby a deserved harvest of 
interest and unselfish labors for his material rewards and of honor and 
party came in 1908 when he was distinction. To this record of one 
chosen with United States Senator today in the very prime of life the 
Gallinger, former Governor Jordan future is sure to add paragraphs telling 
and Attorney General Eastman, as a of other appreciated achievements; 
delegate-at-large from New Hamp- but as it stands in this brief chronicle 
shire to the Republican National the record is one of hopeful inspira- 
Convention at Chicago. He has been tion to the youth whose loving loyalty 
the orator at many civic celebrations to New Hampshire bids him seek 
and historical anniversaries. opportunities for life work here at 

Mr. Jones was married December home. 



THE LAST WICKET 

By Maude Gordon Roby 

Some day, when all Life's tasks are done, 

And God writes "Finished" on our earthly breath, 

With gladsome feet we'll to the wicket run 
And kiss the outstretched hand of Death. 



THE CONSTITUTIONAL CONVENTION 

OF 1912 

The present Constitution of the seventy-two separate propositions, the 

State of New Hampshire was framed convention meanwhile adjourning 

by a convention called by vote of from February 24 until May 30, fol- 

the House of Representatives, March lowing. 

28, 1781, and which assembled, first, Upon the re-assembling of the 
on the fifth day of June of the same convention, on the designated date, 
year. George Atkinson of Ports- it was found, upon canvassing the 
mouth was chosen president of this votes, that forty-six of the propositions 
convention and Jonathan M. Sewall, submitted had been adopted by the 
secretary. Among the more promi- people and twenty-six rejected. It 
nent members of this convention appeared, however, that some of the 
were John Langdon, John Taylor amendments that had been accepted 
Gilman, Timothy Walker, Jr., John so depended upon others that had 
Dudley, John McClary, Joshua Win- been rejected that further amendment 
gate and Ebenezer Webster. This was necessary in order to maintain 
convention held three sessions consistency. Such needed amend- 
and framed three different constitu- ments were prepared and sent out to 
tions, which were successively sub- the people, with an explanatory ad- 
mitted to the people, before one was dress, to be acted upon together, the 
formally adopted. This was framed convention then adjourning from June 
at a session held in June, 1783, sub- 5 till the first Wednesday in Septem- 
mitted to the people, by them ap- ber, when, upon re-assembling, it was 
proved, and established by the Con- found that the same had been rati- 
vention at an adjourned session in fied and the Constitution, as finally 
October following, to take effect on amended, was formally declared es- 
the first Wednesday in June, 1784. tablished, and the convention ad- 
Seven years later, in conformity journed. 
with the provision of the Constitution Many and important changes had 
itself, another convention, called by been effected, the alteration being so 
the legislature and chosen by the great, indeed, that the Constitution 
people, was held in Concord for the came to be spoken of as the "Con- 
purpose of proposing amendments, stitution of 1792," although, as stated 
said convention meeting September by Prof. J. F. Colby in his manual, 
7, 1791, and organizing with Samuel from which this account is largely 
Livermore of Portsmouth as president drawn, the term is a misnomer, the 
and John Calfe of Hampstead as amendments, however numerous, in 
secretary. After a session of nine no sense constituting a new Consti- 
days, during which a large number tution. 

of changes or amendments were The Constitution, as thus amended 
proposed, a committee of ten was and established, remained unchanged 
appointed to prepare and formulate for sixty years, although the people 
amendments to be submitted to the had eight times, during that period, 
people, and an adjournment was then voted upon the question of the expe- 
taken till the second Wednesday in diency of amendment, their decision 
February, 1792, upon which date the having been strongly in the negative 
convention re-assembled, and the com- on each occasion. When the legis- 
mittee submitted its report, which, lature of 1849, by act of July 7, again 
with some amendments, was adopted submitted the question, however, 
and submitted to the people to be the response of the people was em- 
acted upon by them, in the form of phatically in the affirmative, the 



166 The Granite Monthly 

vote standing 28,877 in the affirmative submission of future amendments by 
to 14,482 in the negative. A con- the legislature, barely failed, lacking 
vention to propose and submit amend- but a few of the required two thirds 
ments was accordingly called by the vote for acceptance, 
next legislature, and met in Concord, From 1852 till 1877 the constitu- 
on the first Wednesday in November tion remained without farther change, 
following— November 6, 1850 — organ- no convention being called for the 
ized with Franklin Pierce of Concord purpose of submitting amendments, 
as president and Thomas J. Whipple although the question of the expe- 
of Laconia, secretary. The character diency thereof was submitted at 
and ability of the membership of this appropriate intervals, until the March 
convention will be recognized when election in 1876, when the people 
the list of committee chairmanships, voted it expedient to hold such con- 
as follows, is considered: Bill of Rights, vention in response to the question 
Ichabod Bartlett of Portsmouth; Exe- submitted by the legislature in July 
cutive Department, Samuel Swasey preceding, the vote standing, yeas 
of Haverhill; Legislative Department, 28,971; nays, 10,912. Delegates to 
Charles G. Atherton of Nashville; this convention were chosen at the 
Judicial Department, Levi Woodbury November election, following, and 
of Portsmouth; Militia, John Wad- assembled at the state house Decem- 
leigh of Meredith; Religious and ber 6, 1876, organizing with the choice 
Property Test, William P. Weeks of of Hon. Daniel Clark of Manchester, 
Canaan; Amendments to the Consti- Judge of the U. S. District Court, as 
tution, George W. Nesmith of Frank- president, and Thomas J. Smith of 
lin; Miscellaneous, Benning W. Jen- Dover as secretary, 
ness of Strafford; Revising Business, The constitution was revised by the 
James Bell of Gilford; Education, convention, in committee of the whole, 
Levi W. Leonard of Dublin. section by section in consecutive order, 
This Convention was in session till any amendment agreed upon as neces- 
November 22, when it took a recess sary being sent to the appropriate 
until December 3, and then continued standing committee, of which there 
till January 3, 1851, when it adjourned were four, named by the president, 
till April 16, having submitted a large and consisting of two members from 
number of amendments involved in each county. These were: Commit- 
fifteen questions all of which were tee on Bill of Rights, Executive 
adversely acted upon by the people, Department and Religious Test, Sam- 
being defeated by heavy majorities, uel M. Wheeler of Dover, Chairman; 
After canvassing the returns, which Legislative Department, Harry Bing- 
showed the failure of its work, the ham of Littleton, Chairman; Judi- 
convention determined to resubmit ciary Department, Jonathan E. 
three of its proposed amendments to Sargent of Concord, chairman; Fut- 
the people, the same providing for the ure Amendments of the Constitution 
abolition of the religious test, of and other miscellaneous matters, John 
the property qualification, and for S. H. Frink of Greenland, chairman, 
the submission of future amend- The convention was in session 
ments by the legislature at two eleven days and the result of its delib- 
successive sessions. Immediately fol- erations was the submission of thir- 
lowing this action the convention ad- teen amendments to the constitution 
journed sine die. By the vote of the of which eleven were adopted by the 
people upon the amendments sub- people by the requisite two thirds 
mitted, the second, abolishing the vote at the following election. Among 
property qualification was adopted, the more important of these were 
while the other two were defeated, those providing for biennial elections; 
though the third, providing for the basing representation in the legisla- 



The Constitutional Convention of 1912 



167 



tare upon population instead of rat- 
able polls; increasing the membership 
of the senate from twelve to twenty- 
four; providing for the election of 
registers of probate, sheriffs and solic- 
itors by the people; abolishing the 
religious test as a qualification for 
office, changing the time for holding 
elections from March to November, 
and prohibiting the use of money 
raised by taxation for the support of 
schools or institutions of any religious 
sect or denomination. The two pro- 
posed amendments which the people 
failed to adopt were one striking the 
word ''Protestant" from the Bill of 
Rights, which failed by a narrow mar- 
gin, although the religious test for 
office-holding was abolished, and one 
prohibiting removal from office for 
political reasons, which was defeated 
by a still narrower margin. 

The next constitutional convention 
was held in 1889, opening January 2. 
It had been declared expedient by a 
very small majority, on a very light 
vote, at the election in 1886, the vote 
standing, yeas, 11,466; nays, 10,213, 
and was called by the legislature of 
1887, though scarcely warranted by 
the vote given. It probably would not 
have been called but for the very gen- 
eral feeling that the time of the legis- 
lative session should be changed from 
summer to winter. 

This convention organized by the 
choice of Ex-Gov. Charles H. Bell of 
Exeter as president and James R. 
Jackson of Littleton as secretary. 
Five standing committees were ap- 
pointed, with chairmen as follows: 
Committee on Bill of Rights and Ex- 
ecutive Department, Isaac W. Smith 
of Manchester, Chairman; Legisla- 
tive Department, James F. Briggs of 
Manchester, Chairman; Judicial De- 
partment, Ellery A. Hibbard of 
Laconia, Chairman. Future Mode of 
Amending the Constitution and other 
proposed amendments, William L. 
Ladd of Lancaster, Chairman; Time and 
Mode of Submitting to the People the 
Amendment agreed upon, Charles A. 
Dole of Lebanon, Chairman. 



The convention was in session ten 
days, adjourning January 12, and sub- 
mitting seven amendments to the 
people, of which five were adopted and 
two rejected. Those adopted pro- 
vided for a change in the date of open- 
ing the session of the Legislature from 
the first Wednesday in June to the 
first Wednesday in January; provided 
a fixed salary of $200 each for mem- 
bers of both branches, in place of the 
per diem compensation theretofore 
prevailing; provided for filling vacan- 
cies in the Senate resulting from death, 
resignation, removal or any other 
cause but failure of the people to 
elect, by a new election; designated 
the Speaker of the House of Repre- 
sentatives as Acting Governor in case 
of vacancies in the offices of Governor 
and President of the Senate, and 
changed the representation of small 
towns having a population of less than 
six hundred, from the classified to the 
pro rata basis. The proposed amend- 
ments rejected by the people were one 
striking the word Protestant from the 
Bill of Rights, and one prohibiting the 
sale or manufacture of alcoholic or 
intoxicating liquor, the first being 
rejected by over five and the latter by 
over ten thousand majority. 

The Legislature of 1893 provided 
for taking the sense of the people on 
the expediency of holding another 
convention, and at the next election, 
by a vote of 13,681 yeas to 16,689 
nays the people decided it not expe- 
dient. The next legislature made 
similar provision and the popular 
response was 14,099 yeas to 19,831 
nays. Again by the legislature of 
1899 the same question was submitted 
and was treated by the people with 
such absolute indifference that less 
than fourteen thousand votes, all told, 
were cast, 10,571 being yeas and 3,287 
nays. Nevertheless, a majority of 
those voting favoring it, the next 
legislature — that of 1901 — provided 
for the choice, at the election in, No- 
vember 1902, of delegates to a con-, 
stitutional convention to be held in 
Concord on the second day of Decern- 



168 



The Granite Monthly 




COL. DANIEL HALL 
Chairman Committee on Bill of Rights and Executive Department 



The Constitutional Convention of 1912 



169 



ber following, at which time the dele- 
gates-elect assembled and effected an 
organization by the choice of Gen. 
Frank S. Streeter of Concord as 
"Chairman and Thomas H. Madigan, 
Jr., as Secretary. 

This convention was in session 
seventeen days, the report of its pro- 
ceedings, published in full, occupying 
a volume of 950 pages, a single speech 
by Mr. Everett of Nashua, in denun- 
ciation of the Christian religion, filling 
over thirty pages. The standing 
committees^ announced on the third 
day, consisting of twenty members 
each, were headed as follows: Bill of 
Rights and Executive Department, 
Edgar Aldrich of Littleton; Legisla- 
tive Department, David Cross of 
Manchester; Judicial Department, 
Isaac N. Blodgett of Franklin; Future 
Mode of Amending the Constitution 
and other proposed amendments, 
Edwin G. Eastman of Exeter; Time 
and Mode of Submitting Amend- 
ments to the People, William E. 
Chandler of Concord. 

The deliberations of the convention 
resulted in the submission of ten 
amendments to the people. These 
provided: (1) That every person, in 
order to be a voter or eligible to office, 
shall be able to read and write the 
English language, with certain speci- 
fied exceptions; (2) That officers of 
the militia shall be examined and 
found qualified by an examining 
board before their appointment; (3) 
The abolition of the provision that the 
Commissary General shall be chosen 
by the legislature; (4) Authority for 
the imposition of franchise and inherit- 
ance taxes by the legislature; (5) 
Authority for police courts to try and 
determine criminal cases where the 
punishment is less than imprison- 
ment in the state prison, (6) The elim- 
ination of the word "Protestant" 
from the Bill of Rights and otherwise 
liberalizing its phraseology bearing 
upon religion; (7) The enfranchise- 
ment of women by striking out the 
word "male" from the clause pro- 
viding the voting qualification, (8) 



Authority for the legislature to provide 
against trusts and combinations in 
restraint of trade; (9) That the basis 
of representation in the Legislature 
be a population of 800, instead of 600, 
and that an additional 1600 instead 
of 1200 be required for each additional 
representative; (10) That the Legis- 
lature be authorized to establish 
more than one polling place in a town 
or ward. 

Of the proposed amendments the 
first, second, fourth and eighth, re- 
ceived the requisite two thirds vote 
of the people, while all the rest failed 
to command approval. 

The question of expediency was 
again submitted to the people by the 
Legislature of 1909, and at the bien- 
nial election the following year 23,105 
voters voted in favor of calling a con- 
vention to revise the Constitution 
and 15,541 against the same, making 
a total of 38,646 voters who expressed 
themselves upon the question out of a 
total of 84,107 who cast their votes 
for Governor at the same election, 
showing, as has usually been the case 
when the question has been submitted, 
a comparatively small interest in the 
matter. Nevertheless the Legislature 
of 1911 provided for the calling of a 
convention to meet in Concord on the 
first Wednesday in June, 1912, dele- 
gates thereto be to chosen on the 
second Tuesday of March, and appro- 
priated $25,000 for the expense thereof. 

The delegates chosen assembled in 
Representatives Hall at the State 
House, on the day designated, and 
were called to order by Col. Daniel 
Hall of Dover. 

On motion of Mr. Whitcher of 
Haverhill Judge John M. Mitche.l of 
Concord was chosen temporary pre- 
sident and was escorted to the chair 
by Messrs. Eastman of Exeter and 
Martin of Concord. Judge Mitchell 
briefly expressed his thanks for the 
honor, and proceeded with the order 
of business, Harrie M. Young of Man- 
chester being elected temporary clerk, 
on motion of Mr. Preston of 
Rochester. 



170 



The Granite Monthly 



On motion of Judge Barton of New- 
port a committee on Credentials, con- 
sisting of two delegates from each 
county, was appointed by the chair, 
the membership named being as fol- 
lows: Barton of Newport, Parker of 
Lempster, Sanborn of Fremont, 
Mitchell of Portsmouth, Meader of 
Rochester, Sherry of Dover, Drake 
of Laconia, Tilton of Tilton, Weeks 
of Ossipee, Wentworth of Sandwich, 
Clifford of Franklin, Fowler of 
Pembroke, Keyes of Milford, Brod- 
erick of Manchester, Blake of Fitz- 
william, Howe of Hinsdale, Carter of 
Lebanon, Bailey of Littleton, Bowker 
of Whitefield, and Cleveland of Lan- 
caster. 

Mr. Madden of Keene presented 
the petition of Patrick E. Griffin of 
Walpole asking for a seat in the con- 
vention in place of Daniel W. Connors 
of the same town, and the same was 
laid on the table, upon his motion, to 
be referred to a committee to be ap- 
pointed later. 

The committee on Credentials sub- 
mitted a report embodying a roll of 
the convention, as prepared by the 
secretary of State from the official 
returns, as follows: 

LIST OF DELEGATES 

Rockingham County. 

Atkinson, Charles I. Pressey. 
Auburn, Edward C. Griffin. 
Brentwood, John J. Knights. 
Candia, George H. McDuffee. 
Chester, Cyrus F. Marston. 
Danville, Clarence M. Collins. 
Deerfield, Jonathan H. Batchelder. 
Derry, William H. Benson, 

Frederick J. Shepard, 

John E. Webster. 
East Kingston, William D. Ingalls. 
Epping, John Leddy. 
Exeter, Henry W. Anderson, 

Edwin G. Eastman, 

Arthur O. Fuller, 

John Scammon. 
Fremont, Joseph B. Sanborn. 
Greenland, Harrie A. Holmes. 
Hampstead, Frank W. Emerson. 



Hampton, Horace M. Lane. 
Hampton Falls, George C. Healey. 
Kensington, Stewart E. Rowe. 
Kingston, Leonard W. Collins. 
Londonderry, Rosecrans W. Pillsbury. 
Newcastle, James W. Pridham. 
Newfields, George E. Leighton. 
Newington, Frederick Pickering. 
Newmarket, Charles A. Morse, 

George H. Willey. 
Newton, John E. Hayford. 
North Hampton, James R. Dow. 
Northwood, William H. Towle. 
Nottingham, Perley B. Batchelder. 
Plaistow, Fred P. Hill. 
Portsmouth, Ward 1, William T. Entwistle, 

John August Hett. 

Ward 2, Charles H. Batchelder, 
Harry E. Boynton, 
Frederick M. Sise. 

Ward 3, John L. Mitchell, 
William H. Moran. 

Ward 4, Ernest L. Guptill. 

Ward 5, Eugene B. Eastman. 
Raymond, William G. Brown. 
Rye, Albert H. Drake. 
Salem, George C. Gordon, 

Lester Wallace Hall. 
Sandown, John W. Lovering. 
Seabrook, Charles D. Foote. 
South Hampton, Frank M. Jewell. 
Stratham, George E. Gowen. 
Windham, John E. Cochran. 

Strafford County. 

Barrington, Frank H. Clark. 
Dover, Ward 1, Ernest B. Folsom, 
Clarence I. Hurd. 
Ward 2, John Main, 

Herbert K. Otis, 
George H. Sherry. 
Ward 3, George G. Neal, 

Arthur G. Whittemore. 
Ward 4, Elisha R. Brown, 

Alonzo Melvin Foss, 
Daniel Hall. 
Ward 5, John H. Wesley. 
Durham, Albert DeMeritt, 
Farmington, Ulysses S. Knox, 

Charles W. T. Willson. 
Lee, Louis H. Snell. 
Madbury, Charles G. Sanders. 
Middleton, William F. Hanson. 
Milton, Fred B. Roberts. 



The Constitutional Convention of 1912 



171 



New Durham, Zanello D. Berry. 
Rochester, Ward 1, Albert L. Richards. 
Ward 2, Frank B. Preston. 
Ward 3, Walter S. Meader. 
Ward 4, Aurelle Beaudoin, 

Isidore P. Marcotte. 
Ward 5, Orrin A. Hoyt. 
Ward 6, Albert Wallace. 
Rollinsford, Gardner Grant. 
Somersworth, Ward 1, John N. Haines. 
Ward 2, Fred H. Brown. 
Ward 3, Louis P. Cote. 
W T ard 4, Michael P. Flanagan, 

George Letourneau. 
Ward 5. Treffle Leclerc. 
Strafford, Woodbury W. Durgin. 

Belknap County. 

Alton,'Charles H. McDuffee. 
Barnstead, Frank H. Moore. 
Belmont, Edwin C. Bean. 
Centre Harbor, Leonard B. Morrill. 
Gilford, James R. Morrill. 
Gilmanton, George C. Parsons. 
Laconia, Ward 1, True E. Prescott. 

Ward 2, Edward M. Richardson. 

Ward 3, John T. Busiel. 

Ward 4, Oscar L. Young. 

Ward 5, William D. Veazey. 

Ward 6, Benjamin F. Drake, 
George H. Saltmarsh. 
Meredith, Simeon M. Estes. 
New Hampton, Herbert M. Thyng. 
Sanbornton, Robert M. Wright. 
Tilton, William B. Fellows, 
Charles E. Tilton. 

Carroll County. 

Albany, James T. Povall. 
Bartlett, Ralza E. Andrews. 
Brookfield, George A. Wiggin. 
Chatham, Hazen Chandler. 
Conway, Holmes B. Fifield, 

James L. Gibson, 

Arthur R. Shirley. 
Eaton, Henry H. Robertson. 
Effingham, James L. Wormwood. 
Freedom, George F. Huckins. 
Hart's Location, Charles H. Morey. 
Jackson, Nelson I. Trickey. 
Madison, Edward E. Hoyt. 
Moultonborough, James E. French. 
Ossipee, Frank Weeks. 



Sandwich, Paul Wentworth. 
Tamworth, Edward S. Pollard. 
Tuftonboro, Robert lamprey. 
Wakefield, William W. Berry. 
Wolfeboro, Sewall W. Abbott, 
Frank P. Hobbs. 

Merrimack County. 

Allenstown, Charles H. Smith. 
Andover, George W. Stone. 
Boscawen, Willis G. Buxton. 
Bow, Henry M. Baker. 
Bradford, Everett Kittredge. 
Canterbury, Henry L. Clough. 
Chichester, John L. T. Shaw. 
Concord, Ward 1, George E. Farrand, 
John E. Marden. 
Ward 2, Clarence I. Tibbetts. 
Ward 3, Abijah Hollis. 
Ward 4, Allen Hollis, 

James O. Lyford, 
John M. Mitchell. 
Ward 5, Charles R. Corning, 

Arthur P. Morrill. 
Ward 6, Charles P. Bancroft, 
Henry A. Kimball, 
Nathaniel E. Martin. 
Ward 7. William W. Flint, 
Edward J. Hatch, 
Frank P. Quimby. 
Ward 8, Howard F. Hill. 
Ward 9, Edward J. Gallagher, 
John Hennebery. 
Danbury, Harry G. Dean. 
Dunbarton, Bradford Burnham. 
Epsom, Warren Tripp. 
Franklin, Ward 1, Rufus P. Gardner. 
Ward 2, Charles H. Bean, 

Frank E. Woodbury. 
Ward 3, Thomas F. Clifford, 
Seth W. Jones. 
Henniker, Charles A. \\ 'ilkins. 
Hill, Ellon S. Little. 
Hooksett, Fred N. Mitchell. 
Hopkinton, Arthur J. Bout well. 
Loudon, Albert B. Sargent. 
Newbury, Joseph A. Donigan. 
New London, Justin O. Wellman. 
Northfield, Edwin J. Young. 
Pembroke, George W. Fowler, 
Henry T. Fowler, 
Joseph A. Rainville. 
Pittsfield, Edward Everett Clark, 
Nathaniel S. Drake. 



172 



The Granite Monthly 




HON. JAMES O. LYFORD 
Chairman Committee on Legislative Department 



The Constitutional Convention of 1912 



173 



Salisbury, John Shaw. 
Sutton, Milton B. Wadleigh. 
Warner, Edward H. Carroll. 
Webster, Harvey C. Sawyer. 
Wilmot, Fred E. Goodhue. 

Hillsborough County. 

Amherst, Horace T. Harvell. 

Antrim, Hiram W. Eldredge. 

Bedford, George D. Soper. 

Bennington, Arthur J. Pierce. 

Brookline, Orville D. Fessenden. 

Deering, Edwin F. Dutton. 

Francestown, Edson H. Patch. 

Goffstown, George P. Had ley, 
Alvin P. Seeton. 

Greenfield, Willis D. Hardy. 

Greenville, Daniel J. Brown. 

Hancock, Clarence H. Ware. 

Hillsborough, Charles S. Flanders, 
George W. Haslet. 

Hollis, Daniel W. Hayden. 

Hudson, Henry C. Brown. 

Litchfield, Amos Saunders. 

Lyndeborough, Walter S. Tarbell. 

Manchester, Ward 1, Narcisse Richer, 
James A. Savers, 
Joseph Tait. 
Ward 2, Charles B. Brown, 
Elliot C. Lambert, 
Jesse B. Pattee, 
George H. Warren, 
Allan M. Wilson. 
Ward 3, John C. Crawford, 
James O. Gagnon, 
Edwin F. Jones, 
Eugene G. Libbey, 
Ludwig Lindquist, 
Hobart Pillsbury. 
Ward 4, John B. Cavanaugh, 
Henry B. Fairbanks, 
William G. Garmon, 
George I. Haselton, 
Frederick W. Shontell, 
Harrie M. Young. 
Ward 5, James A. Broderick, 
Martin Connor, 
William B. Eagan, 
James G. Flynn, 
Thomas F. Howe, 
Peter J. Magan, 
Patrick J. Ryan, 
Thomas F. Sheehan. 



Manchester, Ward 6, Joseph P. Chatel, 

Joseph M. McDonough, 
Almua \Y. Morse, 
Robert I. Stevens. 
Ward 7, Edward B. Woodbury. 
Ward 8, Arthur J. Moquin, 

Herman Rodelsperger, 
Rudolph Schiller, 
Charles C. Tinkham, 
Henry J. VanVliet. 
Ward 9, Theophile G. Biron, 
Odilon Demers, 
Francois X. Gagne, 
Euclide F. Geoffrion, 
Winfred D. Hebert, 
Horace Martel, 
Armelle Turcotte. 
Ward 10, Joseph Chevrette, 
John J. Connor, 
John J. Donnelly, 
Frank J. Leclerc. 
Mason, Albert B. Eaton. 
Merrimack, Everett E. Parker. 
Milford, Arthur L. Keyes, 

Clinton A. McLane, 
Fred T. Wadleigh. 
Mount Vernon, Frank J. Conner. 
Nashua, Ward 1, Harry P. Greeley, 

Charles J. Hamblett. 
Ward 2, Charles O. Andrews, 

Robert A. French. 
Ward 3, James A. Gilmore, 
John P. Lampron, 
Frank Rancour. 
Ward 4, Edward E. Parker. 
Ward 5, Frederick J. Gaffney. 
Ward 6, Edward H. Wason. 
Ward 7, Thomas F. Moran, 

Frederick D. Runnells, 
Arthur K. Woodbury. 
Ward 8, Horace H. Phaneuf, 
John F. Shea, 
Willard C. Tolles. 
Ward 9, Frank B. Clancy, 

Charles Dionne, Jr., 
Joseph Ducharme, 
George Theriault. 
New Boston, Samuel L. Marden. 
New Ipswich, William E. Davis. 
Pelham, Charles W. Hobbs. 
Peterborough, Eben W. Jones. 
Ezra M. Smith. 
Sharon, George M. Smith. 
Temple, Willie W. Colburn. 



174 

Weare, Byron L. Morse. 
Wilton, George E. Bales. 
Windsor, Joseph R. Nelson. 

Cheshire County. 

Alstead, John W. Prentiss. 
Chesterfield, David W. Slade. 
Dublin, Willard H. Pierce. 
Fitzwilliam, Amos J. Blake. 
Gilsum, Osmon H. Hubbard. 
Harrisville, Thomas J. Winn. 
Hinsdale, Gardner S. Howe. 

Edalbert J. Temple. 
Jaffrey, George H. Duncan, 

Will J. Mower. 
Keene, Ward 1, Orville E. Cain, 

Charles M. Norwood. 
Ward 2, Adolf W. Pressler, 
Jerry P. Wellman. 
Ward 3, Martin V. B. Clark, 

Charles C. Sturtevant. 
Ward 4, Robert E. Faulkner. 
Ward 5, Joseph Madden. 
Marlborough, Levi A. Fuller. 
Marlow, Rockwell F. Craig. 
Nelson, James E. Ruffle. 
Richmond, Almon Twitchell. 
Rindge, Charles W. Fletcher. 
Roxbury, David B. Nims. 
Stoddard, Henry E. Spalding. 
Sullivan, Leslie H. Goodnow. 
Surry, Hiram F. Newell. 
Swanzey, George E. Whitcomb. 
Troy, Melvin T. Stone. 
Walpole, Daniel W. Connors, 
Frank A. Spaulding. 
Westmoreland, Elmer T. Nims. 
Winchester, John P. Ball, 

David O. Fisher. 

Sullivan County. 

Acworth, Guy S. Neal. 

Charlestown, Oscar C. Young. 

Claremont, Hartley L. Brooks, 
Henry N. Hurd, 
Emerson A. Quimby, 
George P. Rossiter, 
James Duncan Upham. 

Cornish, Fenno B. Comings. 

Croydon, Edgar W. Davis. 

Goshen, Burk Booth. 

Grantham, William H. Howard. 

Langdon, Charles Winch. 



The Granite Monthly 



Lempster, Hiram Parker. 

Newport, Jesse M. Barton, 
John W. Johnson, 
Ernest A. Robinson. 

Plainfield, Charles A. Tracy. 

Springfield, Carl B. Philbrick. 

Sunapee, Murvin A. Bailey. 

Unity, Charles A. Newton. 

Washington, Melvin E. Hixson. 

Graeton County. 

Alexandria, Ned A. Mathews. 
Ashland, Ellis G. Gammons. 
Bath, John H. DeGross. 
Benton, Lebina H. Parker. 
Bethlehem, Fred D. Lewis. 
Bridgewater, No choice. 
Bristol, Henry C. Whipple. 
Campton, Darius Moulton. 
Canaan, Charles O. Barney. 
Dorchester, Henry M. Merrill. 
Easton, Charles A. Young. 
Ellsworth, Vernie H. Avery. 
Enfield, Thomas J. Carlton, 

Eugene A. Wells. 
Franconia, Henry Spooner. 
Grafton, George S. Barney. 
Groton, Charlie D. Jewell. 
Hanover, Edward P. Storrs, 
Frank A. Updike. 
Haverhill, Edward M. Clark, 

William E. Lawrence, 
William F. Whitcher. 
Hebron, Albert E. Moore. 
Holderness, Robert P. Curry. 
Landaff, Raymond B. Stevens. 
Lebanon, William S. Carter, 
William H. Hat ton, 
Reuben C. True, 
Thomas P. Waterman. 
Lincoln, George E. Henry. 
Lisbon, George Conrad Brummer, 

Eri C. Oakes. 
Littleton, James H. Bailey, 

Richard T. Eastman, 
George A. Veazie. 
Livermore, No election. 
Lyman, Arthur N. Shute. 
Lyme, David A. Grant. 
Monroe, Daniel R. Gilchrist. 
Orange, Charles H. Ford. 
Orford, Robert O. Carr. 
Piermont, Samuel H. Ames. 



The Constitutional Convention of 1912 



175 



Plymouth, Davis B. Keniston, 
Frederick P. Weeks. 
Rumney, Henry W. Herbert . 
Thornton, Frank L. Hazeltine. 
Warren, Frank C. Clement. 
Waterville, Clarence H. Green. 
Went worth, Calvin T. Shute. 
Woodstock, George H. Green. 

Coos County. 

Berlin, Ward 1, Henry A. Smith, 
Patrick J. Smyth, 
John T. Stewart. 
Ward 2, Herbert I. Goss, 
John B. Noyes, 
Edmund Sullivan. 
Ward 3, Johannes J. Haarvei, 
Robert B. Wolf. 
Carroll, Edward N. Sheehe. 
Clarksville, Willis A. Harriman. 
Colebrook, Jason H. Dudley, 

Thomas F. Johnson. 
Columbia, Frank P. Lang. 
Dalton, Henry F. Whitcomb. 
Dummer, Adam W. Wight. 
Errol, Arthur E. Bennett. 
Gorham, Alfred R. Evans. 
Jefferson, Don C. Clough. 
Lancaster, Fred C. Cleaveland, 
Irving W. Drew, 
George F. Morris. 
Milan, Frank M. Hancock. 
Northumberland, Henry H. Hayes, 
Judson A. Potter. 
Pittsburg, George W. Baldwin. 
Randolph, Arthur L. Watson. 
Shelburne, James Simpson. 
Stark, William T. Pike. 
Stewart stown, Perley Knapp. 
Stratford, John C. Pattee. 
Whitefield, Mitchell H. Bowker. 
Benjamin C. Garland. 

Upon a call of the roll, moved by 
Mr. Corning of Concord, 382 delegates 
responded. 

Upon motion of Mr. Eastman of 
Exeter, Edwin F. Jones of Manchester 
was elected President of the conven- 
tion by acclamation and was escorted 
to the chair by Messrs. Wason of 
Nashua and Demerritt of Durham. 
Upon assuming the honorable and 
responsible position to which he had 



been chosen Mr. Jones, being hap- 
pily introduced by Judge Mitchell, 
briefly but appropriately expressed 
his thanks for the honor conferred 
by his election, and his purpose to 
perform his election, with a view, 
primarily, to the expedition of the 
business before the convention, be- 
speaking at the same time the hearty 
co-operation of the delegates and care 
and deliberation in the performance of 
the work in hand. 

On motion of Mr. Lyford of Con- 
cord the convention proceeded to the 
election of a secretary, by ballot with 
the following result : 



Whole number of votes 
Necessary to a choice 
Harry F. Lake 
Thomas H. Madigan 
Allen Chester Clark 



383 
192 
2 
119 
262 



Mr. Clark, having a majority of the 
votes cast, was declared elected and 
took the oath of office. 

On motion of Mr. Quimby of Con- 
cord the chair was authorized to 
appoint a committee of twenty to 
nominate other necessary officers of 
the convention. 

A motion by Mr. Hobbs of Wolfe- 
boro, that the Secretary of State be 
instructed to procure daily, for the 
Convention, 425 copies, each, of the 
Concord Daily Monitor and Patriot 
and Manchester Union, was laid on 
the table, on motion of Mr. Clark of 
Haverhill. 

On motion of Mr. Wason of Nashua 
the chair was authorized to report a 
committee of ten to report rules and 
regulations for the direction of the 
Convention. 

On motion of Mr. Madden of 
Keene the petition of P. E. Griffin of 
Walpole was taken from the table and 
referred to a special committee to be 
appointed by the chair. 

The drawing of scats was made a 
special order for 2:05 in the afternoon, 
Messrs. Drake of Laconia and Van 
Vliet of Manchester, having lost their 
eyesight, being accorded the privilege 



176 



The Granite Monthly 




EDWARD H. WASON 
Chairman Committee on Rules 



The Constitutional Convention of 1912 



177 



of selecting their seats in advance on 
motion of Mr. Young of Laconia. 

The president named the following 
committees: 

On Rules — Messrs. Wason of Nas- 
hua, Fowler of Pembroke, Scammon 
of Exeter, Hurd of Dover, Madden of 
Keene, Dudley of Colebrook, Bailey 
of Littleton, Bean of Belmont, Gibson 
of Conway and Hurd of Claremont. 

Nomination of Officers — Messrs. 
Quimby of Concord, Clough of Can- 
terbury, Barton of Newport, Newton 
of Unity, Young of Laconia, Prescott 
of Laconia, Anderson of Exeter, 
Morse of Newmarket, Whittemore 
of Dover, Brown of Somersworth, 
Sullivan of Berlin, Evans of Gorham, 
Oakes of Lisbon, Shute of Wentworth, 
French of Moultonborough, Hobbs of 
Wolfeboro, Warren of Manchester, 
Tolles of Nashua, Cain of Keene 
and Winn of Harris ville. 

Walpole Contested Election— Messrs. 
Fuller of Exeter, Stone of Andover, 
Howe of Hinsdale, Haines of Som- 
ersworth, Wentworth of Sandwich, 
Veazey of Laconia, Broderick of 
Manchester, Johnson of Newport, 
Cleveland of Lancaster and Gilchrist 
of Monroe. 

On motion of Mr. Lyford of Con- 
cord the hours of meeting w r ere fixed' 
for 10:30 a. m. and 2 o'clock, p.m., and, 
at 12:50 the convention adjourned. 

Immediately upon the reassembling 
of the Convention in the afternoon the 
Committee to nominate other neces- 
sary officers and attaches of the Con- 
vention reported as follows, the report 
being accepted and the persons 
named elected: — Assistant secretary, 
Bernard W. Carey of Newport; ser- 
geant-at-arms, Albert P. Davis, Con- 
cord; chaplain, Rev. Charles C. Gar- 
land, Concord; doorkeepers, John E. 
Bartlett, Sandown, Oscar D. Bever- 
stock, Keene, Charles A. Holden, 
Rumney, George Goodhue, Concord; 
warden of coat room, Eugene D. 
Sanborn, Fremont, assistant, A. P. 
Home, Laconia; official stenographer, 
Miss Lizzie H. Sanborn, Laconia; 
assistant, Ray E. Burkett, Concord. 



Mr. Wason of Nashua, for the Com- 
mittee on Rules, reported, substan- 
tially, the rules governing the last 
constitutional convention, which were 
accepted and adopted, the same being 
read by the assistant secretary. The 
rules were ordered printed. 

On motion of Mr. Whitcher of 
Haverhill the Secretary of State was 
requested to furnish the Convention 
with 425 copies of Colby's Conven- 
tion Manual of 1902. 

The special order for the drawing 
of seats was taken up and disposed of, 
after which several amendments to 
the Constitution were presented, all 
of which were ordered printed. 

Mr. Flint of Concord introduced an 
amendment providing for one repre- 
sentative in the Legislature for every 
town in the state, three each for all 
the cities but Manchester and for the 
town of Claremont, and five for 
Manchester; another providing for a 
Senate of fifty members, and a third 
providing that amendments hereafter 
may be submitted by majority vote 
of the two branches of the Legislature, 
and ratified by the people by majority 
vote, also that amendments submitted 
conventions may be ratified by a 
majority. 

Mr. Duncan of Jaffrey introduced 
an amendment providing for the Ini- 
tiative and Referendum, and on his 
motion the same was made a special 
order for Wednesday, June 12, at 10.35 
a. m., in Committee of the Whole, 
where, under the rules, all proposed 
amendments were given considera- 
tion, such as were adopted for sub- 
mission being sent to the appropriate 
Committee to be put in proper form 
for submission. 

Mr. Fellows of Tilton presented 
an amendment authorizing the assess- 
ment of wild or forest land and money 
at interest at special or reduced rates, 
which also went to the Committee of 
the Whole on his motion. He also 
submitted another amendment, pro- 
viding for a graded inheritance tax, 
which was similarly referred. 

Mr. Wason of Nashua offered an 



178 



The Granite Monthly 




GEN. HENRY M. BAKER 
Delegate-Elect from Bow. Died May 30, 1912 



The Constitutional Convention of 191 .' 



179 







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RESOLUTION IN MEMORY OF GEN. HENRY M. BAKER 
Reduced Fac Simile. Engrossed by E. L. Click 



180 



The Granite Monthly 



amendment striking the word "male" 
from Article 27, Part 2, of the Con- 
stitution, thereby conferring upon the 
women of the state the right of suf- 
frage upon the same terms with men, 
and the same was laid on the table on 
his motion. 

Mr. Crawford of Manchester offered 
an amendment providing for the 
elction of Secretary of State and 
State Treasurer by the people, and 
another providing for five-year terms 
for police court justices, both of 
which were laid on the table. 

Mr. Lyford of Concord called 
attention to the fact that, under the 
rules, the time limit for the introduc- 
tion of amendments would expire on 
Tuesday following, — June 11, — and 
then took occasion to announce the 
death of Gen. Henry M. Baker, the 
delegate-elect from the town of Bow, 
offering the following resolution, 
which was adopted: 

"On the eve of the assembling of 
this convention death has removed 
one of its distinguished members. A 
son of New Hampshire, the Honorable 
Henry M. Baker of Bow was ardently 
devoted to the interests of his native 
state. As a member of the Legisla- 
ture, a State Senator, a member of 
the Constitutional Convention of 1902 
and as a Congressman his public serv- 
ice was patriotic and honorable. As 
a citizen his life was helpful to his 
fellow men, every worthy cause en- 
listing his earnest support. Be it 
therefore : 

"Resolved, That we, the dele- 
gates of New Hampshire in Conven- 
tion assembled, hereby express the sor- 
row of the state and the loss she has 
sustained by the death of a son who 
contributed his share to her fame in 
the service he rendered both as a pub- 
lic servant and as a private citizen, 
and that we spread upon our records, 
this, our testimonial to his memory." 

On motion of Mr. Young of Man- 
chester the Convention adjourned at 
4.45 out of respect to the memory of 
General Baker. 

On the coming in of the Convention 



on Thursday, June 6, prayer was of- 
fered by the chaplain. The use of the 
hall was granted for Tuesday evening, 
June 11, to the New Hampshire Direct 
Legislation League for a meeting for 
discussion of the Initiative and Refer- 
endum. Maurice Smith of Meredith, 
John M. Shirley of Franklin and 
Fred Rushlow of Concord were ap- 
pointed pages by President Jones. 

Amendments were presented and 
referred, as follows: 

By Mr. Cavanaugh of Manchester 
providing for the establishment of 
voting precincts by the Legislature and 
providing for future amendments of 
the Constitution through submission 
by majority vote of two successive 
Legislatures and ratification by the 
people by a two-thirds vote. 

By Mr. Morris of Lancaster giving 
police courts jurisdiction in criminal 
cases where the penalty is less than im- 
prisonment in the state prison. 

By Mr. Pillsbury of Manchester 
providing for the reduction of the 
membership of the House of Repre- 
sentatives to 300, and establishing 
the district system of representation. 

By Mr. Newell of Surry making 
the basis of representation in the 
House 800 population instead of 600, 
and 2000 the requisite number for 
an additional representative, instead 
of 1200, as now. 

By Mr. Winch of Langdon giving 
each town and ward one representa- 
tive. 

By Mr. Wadleigh of Milford pro- 
viding for future amendments by 
majority vote of the Legislature, rati- 
fied by majority vote of the people. 

By Mr. Blake of Fitzwilliam pro- 
viding for a State Senate of 31 
members. 

The special committee to which 
was referred the petition of Patrick 
E. Griffin of Walpole, asking for the 
seat in the Convention held by 
Daniel W. Connors, reported, giving 
the petitioner leave to withdraw, and 
the same was adopted. 

On motion of Mr. Lyford of Con- 
cord the convention went into com- 



The Constitutional Convention of 1912 



181 



mittee of the whole for consideration 
of the taxation amendment proposed 
by Mr. Fellows of Tilton, Mr. Wason 
of Nashua being called to the chair. 
The discussion was quite extended, 
being participated in by Mr. Fellows, 
who explained the amendment, Mr. 
Davis of New Ipswich, Mr. Allen 
Hollis of Concord, Mr. Wadleigh of 
Milford, Mr. Duncan of Jaffrey, Mr. 
Go>s of Berlin, Mr. Lyford of Concord, 
Mr. Whitcher of Haverhill, Mr. 
Stevens of Landaff, Mr. Carter of 
Lebanon and others. Finally, on 
motion of Mr. Crawford of Manches- 
ter the committee rose and reported 
progress. 

Mr. Madden of Keene introduced 
an amendment limiting the member- 
ship of the House to 350 members, 
each town and ward to elect one mem- 
ber, and the remaining members to 
be appointed by the Governor and 
Council. 

On motion of Mr. Cavanaugh of 
Manchester the Convention again 
went into committee of the whole to 
consider his amendment in regard 
to voting precincts, Mr. Eastman 
of Exeter being called to the chair. 
Mr. Cavanaugh explained the grounds 
upon which the amendment was 
offered, and after brief discussion in 
which the amendment was favored by 
several delegates the committee 
voted to report favorably. Upon 
rising such report was made, and the 
amendment was referred by the Con- 
vention to the committee on time and 
mode of submitting amendments, 
after which adjournment was taken 
till afternoon. 

At the afternoon session amend- 
ments were presented and referred, 
as follows : 

By Mr. Hurd of Claremont chang- 
ing the division of the state into 
senatorial districts upon the basis 
of population instead of taxation. 

By Mr. Updike of Hanover pro- 
viding for the appointment of county 
solicitors and sheriffs by the Superior 
Court; of registers of deeds and of 
probate by the Governor and Council ; 



a 



the election of county commissioners 
for six-year terms and the appoint- 
ment of county treasurers by the com- 
missioners — this being the much- 
talked-of "short-ballot" proposition. 

By Mr. Whittemore of Dover for 
the appointment of county solicitors 
by the judges of the Superior Court. 

The Convention went into Commit- 
tee of the Whole, with Mr. Hall of 
Dover in the chair, to consider the 
amendment of Mr. Fellows of Tilton 
providing for a graded inheritance 
tax, Mr. Fellows, Mr. Eastman of 
Exeter, Mr. Lyford, Mr. Crawford 
and Mr. Jones of Manchester. Mr. 
Davis of New Ipswich and Mr. Barton 
of Newport participating in the dis- 
cussion.' Upon rising the Committee 
reported the amendment favorably, 
on motion of Mr. Barton of Newport, 
and the Convention referred it for 
submission, to the Committee on 
Time and Mode. 

Mr. Pattee of Manchester intro- 
duced an amendment making 2400 
population the basis for additional 
representation in the House. 

The Convention then resumed work 
in Committee of the Whole, with Judge 
Mitchell of Concord in the chair, to 
consider amendments relating to the 
State Senate. Messrs. Jones of Man- 
chester, Hurd and Quimby of Clare- 
mont, Morse of Newmarket, Barney 
of Canaan and Lamprey of Tufton- 
boro participated in the discussion, 
and the Committee rose, on motion of 
Mr. Wadleigh of Milford, reporting 
progress. 

Mr. Barton of Newport moved to 
take from the table the amendment 
relating to woman suffrage, but the 
motion was lost, and the Convention 
adjourned. 

Upon the opening of the session 
Friday morning there was a very 
light attendance, as has been custom- 
ary in the Legislature on Fridays. 

Mr. Bean of Franklin offered an 
amendment to the Bill of Rights 
removing the limitation of time for 
which pensions may be granted. 

Mr. French of Nashua presented 



182 



The Granite Monthly 




JUDGE JOHN M. MITCHELL 
Chairman Committee on Judicial Department 



The Constitutional Convention of 1912 



183 



one striking out the words "Protest- 
ant" and "Evangelical" from the Bill 
of Rights. 

On motion of Mr. Wason of Nashua 
the president was authorized to ap- 
point a special committee on Woman 
Suffrage, and special committees on 
mileage and finance were author- 
ized, on motion of Mr. Lambert of 
Manchester. 

The president announced the stand- 
ing and special committees, as fol- 
lows, after which adjournment was 
taken till Tuesday, June 11: 

THE COMMITTEES 

On Bill of Rights and Executive Depart- 
ment — Hall of Dover, Bales of Wilton, 
Fuller of Exeter, Buxton of Boscawen, Mad- 
den of Keene, Leddy of Epping, Gibson of 
Conway, Saltmarsh of Laconia, Bancroft 
of Concord, Blake of Fitzwilliam, Upham of 
Claremont, Hadley of Goffstown, Clement of 
Warren, Norwood of Keene, McDonough of 
Manchester, Cavanaugh of Manchester, Pat- 
tee of Manchester, Bowker of Whitefield, 
Greeley of Nashua, Carroll of Warner. 

On Legislative Department — Lyford of 
Concord, Morris of Lancaster, Wason of 
Nashua, Fellows of Tilton, Barton of Newport, 
Whittemore of Dover, Martin of Concord, 
Evans of Gorham, Scammon of Exeter, De- 
merritt of Durham, Lambert of Manchester, 
French of Moultonboro, G. W. Fowler of 
Pembroke, Warren of Manchester, Cain of 
Keene, Stevens of Landaff, Carter of Lebanon, 
Wallace of Rochester, Mitchell of Portsmouth, 
Fessenden of Brookline. 

On Judicial Department — Mitchell of Con- 
cord, Parker of Nashua, Hamblett of Nashua, 
Abbott of Wolfeboro, Corning of Concord, 
Folsom of Dover, Haines of Somerworth, 
Veasey of Laconia, Faulkner of Keene, Fuller 
of Marlborough, Hurd of Claremont, Batch- 
elder of Portsmouth, Hall of Salem, Haselton 
of Manchester, Smith of Peterboro, Crawford 
of Manchester, Weeks of Ossipee, Sullivan of 
Berlin, Oakes of Lisbon, Cleveland of 
Lancaster. 

On Future Mode of Amending the Con- 
stitution and other proposed amendments 
— Eastman of Exeter, Guptill of Portsmouth, 
Bean of Belmont, Stone of Andover, Hurd of 
Dover, Rowe of Kensington, Clifford of 



Franklin, Young of Manchester, Dudley of 
Colebrook, Goss of Berlin, Foss of Dover, 
Craig of Marlow, Prescott of Laconia, Went- 
worth of Sandwich, Runnellsof Nashua, New- 
ton of Unity, Bailey of Littleton, Tripp of 
Epsom, Entwistle of Portsmouth, Woodbury 
of Manchester. 

On Time and Mode of Submitting to the 
People the Amendments agreed to by the Con- 
vention — Pillsbury of Londonderry, Shute of 
Wentworth, Abijah Hollis of Concord, Newell 
of Surry. Johnson of Colebrook, Young of 
Laconia, Wilson of Manchester, Allen Hollis 
of Concord, Keyes of Milford, Brown of Som- 
ersworth, Brooks of Claremont, Young of 
Easton, Moran of Nashua, Pattee of Stratford, 
Morse of Mewmarket, Lamprey of Tufton- 
borough, Pressler of Keene, Shontell of Man- 
chester, Rossiter of Claremont, Shaw of 
Salisbury. 

On Woman Suffrage — Whitcher of Haverhill 
Wadleigh of Milford, Shepard of Derry, 
Boutwell of Hopkinton, Stone of Troy, Hobbs 
of Wolfeboro, Main of Dover, Morrill of Gil- 
ford, Wight of Dummer, Wilkins of Henniker, 
Parsons of Gilmanton, Tarbell of Lyndebor- 
ough, Spaulding of Stoddard, Parker of Ben- 
ton, Young of Charlestown, Pike of Stark, 
Sanborn of Fremont, Hill of Concord, Barney 
of Canaan, Donigan of Newbury. 

On Finance — McLane of Milford, Towle of 
Northwood, Neal of Dover, Shaw of Chiches- 
ter, Farrand of Concord, Morrill of Concord, 
Haslet of Hillsboro, Connor of Manchester, 
Demersof Manchester, Schiller of Manchester. 

On Mileage — Hayden of Hollis, Pierce of 
Bennington, Wellman of New London, Patch 
of Francestown, Clark of Haverhill, Wolfe of 
Berlin, Roedelsperger of Manchester, Byron 
of Manchester, Wesley of Dover, Chat el of 
Manchester. 

The Convention reassembled for 
the second week on Tuesday, June 
11, and it being the last day for the 
presentation of amendments, under 
the rules, a number were offered, in- 
cluding the following: 

By Mr. Quimby of Claremont pro- 
viding for a State Senate of 40 mem- 
bers, the basis being population. 

By Mr. Newell of Surry providing 
for the union of smaller towns for 
choice of representatives. 



184 



The Granite Monthly 



By Mr. Goss of Berlin for a House 
of 200 members, chosen by districts, 
and a Senate of 50, based on popula- 
tion — salaries to be $500 each. 

By Mr. Fowler of Pembroke, for 
election of officers by plurality vote. 

By Mr. Smith of Berlin for recall 
of elective officers. 

By Mr. Allen Hollis of Concord, 
allowing county officers to be chosen 
as the Legislature may direct, and one 
allowing the Governor to veto single 
items in appropriation bills. 

By Mr. Young of Manchester 
authorizing the Legislature to enact 
betterment laws. 

By Mr. Stevens of Landaff modify- 
ing the articles relating to taxation. 

By Mr. Hurd of Claremont pro- 
viding for plurality elections; also 
another making 800 population the 
representative basis, and 1600 for 
each additional member. 

By Mr. Buxton of Boscawen for 
election by plurality instead of major- 
ity vote. 

By Mr. Fellows of Tilton authoriz- 
ing an income tax. 

By Mr. Clement of Warren per- 
mitting the Legislature to fix corpora- 
tion salaries and dividends. 

By Mr. Boynton of Portsmouth, 
relating to the taxation of incomes 
and intangibles; also one providing 
for continuous boards of county 
commissioners and authorizing the 
same to appoint county treasurers. 

On motion of Mr. Wason of Nashua 
the woman suffrage amendment was 
taken from the table and referred to 
the special committee. 

On motion of Mr. Lyford of Con- 
cord the Convention went into Com- 
mittee of the Whole to consider the 
matter of representation, Mr. Scam- 
mon of Exeter being called to the 
chair. 

Mr. Newell of Surry opened the 
debate, in favor of the town system. 
Messrs. Batchelder of Portsmouth, 
Crawford of Manchester, Lamprey of 
Tuftonboro and Morse of Newmarket 
participated in the discussion. The 
latter opposed any reduction of the 



House or increase of the Senate, and 
moved that all amendments looking 
in such direction be reported unfa- 
vorably. Mr. Rowe of Kensington 
seconded the motion, which was lost. 

The Committee then rose, reporting 
progress. 

Mr. Guptill of Portsmouth offered a 
resolution upon the death of Frederick 
Pickering, delegate-elect from New- 
ington, which was adopted by the 
Convention and adjournment taken 
out of respect to the memory of the 
deceased. 

On reassembling in the afternoon, 
the Convention resumed work in Com- 
mittee of the Whole, Mr. Whittemore 
of Dover in the chair, Mr. Duncan's 
amendment providing for the initia- 
tive and referendum being taken up. 
Mr. Duncan spoke at length in sup- 
port of the same, but finally withdrew 
the portion relating to constitutional 
amendment by this process. 

A lengthy and spirited debate fol- 
lowed. Messrs. Oakes of Lisbon and 
Barton of Newport opposed the 
amendment, and Davis of New Ips- 
wich, Stevens of Landaff and Drake 
of Pittsfield supported it. After con- 
siderable parliamentary wrangling, 
it was voted, 170 to 160, to report 
the amendment unfavorably. The 
Committee rose and so reported to-the 
Convention. 

Upon a motion to adopt the report 
Mr. Duncan called for the yeas and 
nays, which resulted: yeas, 177; nays, 
157; and the report was adopted and 
the amendment rejected. 

The morning session extended till 
after four o'clock p. m., and upon its 
adjournment, the Convention was 
called in order for the afternoon and 
immediately adjourned till Thursday 
morning. 

Nearly the entire day, Thursday, 
the 13th, was devoted to discussion in 
Committee of the Whole, of the taxa- 
tion question, Mr. Oakes of Lisbon in 
the chair, the taxation of growing 
timber or forest land, intangibles or 
money at interest, and incomes being 
the essential matters involved. Judge 



The Constitutional Convention of 1912 



185 



Mitchell of Concord opened the dis- 
cussion in a speech evincing compre- 
hensive study of the subject in all its 
bearings, and urging the necessity, 
especially, of changes which shall allow 
discrimination in these lines of taxa- 
tion, and was followed by Mr. Lyford 
of Concord, who has also given much 
thought to this question, along the 
same line. Messrs. Boynton of Ports- 
mouth, Fuller of Exeter, Stevens of 
Landaff, Jones of Manchester, Meader 
of Rochester, Duncan of Jaffrey, Sul- 
livan of Berlin, Smith of Peterboro, 
Busiel of Laconia, Whitcomb of 
Swanzey, Dean of Danbury, Hobbs of 
Wolfeboro, Burnham of Dunbarton, 
Rowe of Kensington, Allen Hollis of 
Concord and Whitcher of Haverhill 
and others were heard in the dis- 
cussion. The matter remained undis- 
posed of when the Committee rose at 
4.50 p. m., reported progress, and 
asked leave to sit again at 11.05 the 
next Tuesday morning. 

The Friday morning session, June 
14, was not largely attended, but, in 
Committee of the Whole, with Mr. 
Cavanaugh of Manchester in the 
chair, it was decided to report favor- 
ably on the amendment offered by 
Mr. French of Nashua, removing the 
words " Protestant" and " Evangelical" 
from the Bill of Rights. The Commit- 
tee so reported and the Convention 
adopted the report sending the 
amendment to the appropriate Com- 
mittee for perfection; after which 
the Convention adjourned till Tues- 
day, June 18. 

At the morning session on Tuesday 
the 18th, the Committee on Judicial 
Department reported unfavorably the 
proposed amendment limiting the 
terms of police court justices, and 
the report was adopted. 

Mr. Dean of Danbury offered a 
resolution, which was adopted, limit- 
ing debate to ten-minute speeches. 

The Convention went into Commit- 
tee of the Whole to continue considera- 
tion of the taxation question, with 
Mr. Clifford of Franklin in the chair, 
and Mr. Lyford of Concord, Fellows 



of Tilton, Broderick of Manchester, 
Stevens of Landaff, Hadley of Goffs- 
town, Clement of Warren, Barton of 
Newport, Smith of Peterboro and 
Wolf of Berlin participated in the 
discussion, which was animated and 
earnest. At about 1 o'clock an hour's 
recess was taken, with the under- 
standing that a vote be taken at 
2.45. 

At 2 o'clock the Committee con- 
tinued the discussion, Messrs. East- 
man of Exeter, Stone of Andover, 
Hobbs of Wolfeboro, Hollis of Con- 
cord, Pillsbury of Londonderry, Went- 
worth of Sandwich and Whittemore 
of Dover being heard. The amend- 
ment proposed by Mr. Stevens, prac- 
tically leaving the Legislature free to 
deal with the entire matter of taxation 
at its discretion, was defeated, on 
division, 95 to 231, and the proposi- 
tion of Mr. Jones, authorizing special 
rates on growing wood and timber, 
money at interest and income from 
intangibles w T as adopted, 223 to 33. 

On motion of Mr. Jones of Manches- 
ter the Committee rose and reported 
to the Convention the various pro- 
posed amendments, relating to taxa- 
tion with the recommendation that 
all be referred to the Committee on 
Legislative Department with instruc- 
tions to report an amendment per- 
mitting the Legislature to classify 
for taxation growing wood and timber, 
and intangibles, and to provide for a 
tax on the income from intangibles. 
In Convention the report was accepted 
and the recommendation adopted. 

At the afternoon session the Con- 
vention went into Committee of the 
Whole to consider the question of 
representation, Mr. Allen Hollis of 
Concord in the chair. The discus- 
sion was opened by Mr. Pillsbury of 
Londonderry who favored the district 
system and a House of 300 members. 
Mr. Madden of Keene advocated 
the town system. 

After a long running debate, partici- 
pated in by fifteen or twenty delegates 
and the defeat of various motions, 
a motion by Mr. Madden, providing 



186 



The Granite Monthly 




HON. EDWIN G. EASTMAN 
Chairman Committee on Future Mode of Amending the Constitution 



The Constitutional Convention of 1912 



187 



for a House of 350 members, on 
the town system basis, was adopted, 
and the Committee rose, reporting 
the same to the Convention, which 
report was accepted and the matter 
sent to the Committee on Legislative 
Department, with instructions to 
report an amendment to such effect. 

In Convention Wednesday morning 
prayer was offered by Rev. George 
E. Leighton, delegate from Newfields, 
in place of the chaplain. 

The Committee on Woman Suf- 
frage, upon whose work public inter- 
est had been more strongly focused 
than upon that of any other, and 
which had given two largely attended 
public hearings in the hall of the 
House on Wednesday and Thursday 
evenings previous, brought in a 
divided report, the majority report, 
signed by Mr. Donigan of Newbury 
being unfavorable, and the minority, 
signed by eight members, favorable. 
Mr. Whitcher of Haverhill moved to 
substitute the minority for the major- 
ity report, and that the matter be 
made a special order for Thursday 
morning, w r hich was agreed to. 

The Committee on Future Mode 
of Amending the Constitution re- 
ported unfavorably various amend- 
ments referred to it in reference to 
the election of county officers, and the 
report was adopted. 

The Committee on Legislative 
Department presented a divided report 
on an amendment, submitted by Mr. 
Comings of Cornish, establishing the 
initiative and referendum, somewhat 
different in its character from that 
previously disposed of. The major- 
ity report was unfavorable. The 
minority report, signed by Messrs. 
Fessenden of Brookline and Stevens 
of Landaff, favored the amendment. 
Mr. Duncan of Jaffrey moved to sub- 
stitute the minority for the majority 
report, which motion was earnestly 
supported by himself and Messrs. 
Wolf of Berlin, Wellman of New 
London, Dean of Danbury, Allen 
Hollis of Concord, Hobbs of Wolfe- 
boro, Drake of Pittsfield, Clement of 



Warren and Davis of New Ipswich, 
and opposed by Messrs. Lyford of 
( 'oncord, Howe of Kensington, Mower 
of Jaffrey, Whitcher of Haverhill, 
Busiel of Laconia and Mitchell of 
Concord. A recess was then taken 
until afternoon, a vote to be taken 
at 2.30. 

Upon the reassembling of the Con- 
vention the debate proceeded, Messrs. 
Abbott of Wolfeboro, Smith of Peter- 
boro and Barton of Newport oppos- 
ing the motion, and Duncan of Jaffrey 
and Stevens of Landaff supporting it. 
The vote being taken the yeas and 
nays were demanded by Mr. Lyford 
of Concord, and the result was 133 
yeas to 227 nays, the motion being 
lost. The majority report was then 
adopted. 

The Committee on Legislative De- 
partment reported favorably the 
amendment extending the jurisdic- 
tion of police court justices, and, after 
brief discussion, the report was 
adopted and the amendment referred 
to the Committee on Time and Mode 
of Submitting Amendments. 

The same Committee reported un- 
favorably upon the proposed amend- 
ments providing for a betterment 
law, and the report was adopted. 

In Committee of the Whole, with 
Mr. Hurd of Claremont in the chair, 
the amendment providing for the 
recall of elective officers was con- 
sidered. On motion of Mr. Barton 
of Newport the Committee rose and 
reported "inexpedient," and the Con- 
vention so voted. 

The Convention went again into 
committee, Mr. Warren of Man- 
chester in the chair, for the considera- 
tion of proposed amendments relating 
to the Senate. After discussion by 
several delegates, generally favoring 
an increase of membership and change 
to a population basis, it was voted, 
on motion of Mr. Dean of Danbury, 
to recommend to the Convention the 
submission of the matter to the Com- 
mittee on Legislative Department 
with instruction to prepare and report 
an amendment to such end. The 



188 



The Granite Monthly 




ROSECRANS W. PILLSBURY 
Chairman Committee on Time and Mode of Submitting the Amendments 



The Constitutional Convention of 1912 



189 



Committee rose and reported, and 
the Convention adopted the report. 

On motion of Mr. Fowler of Pem- 
broke all amendments bearing upon 
plurality election were referred to the 
Committee on Bill of Rights and 
Executive Department, and on motion 
of Mr. Hurd of Claremont those 
relating to the Executive Council 
were similarly referred. 

In Committee of the Whole, Mr. 
Broderick of Manchester in the chair, 
the amendment proposed by Mr. 
Clement of Warren, authorizing legis- 
lative regulation of corporation salaries 
and dividends was taken up, and Mr. 
Clement vigorously supported his 
amendment, as did Mr. Stone of 
Andover, but, on motion of Mr. 
Whitcher of Haverhill the Committee 
rose, reporting unfavorably, and the 
report was adopted. 

On motion of Mr. Hurd of Clare- 
mont the amendment relating to 
election of State officers was referred 
to the Committee on Executive 
Department. 

On motion of Mr. Dean of Danbury 
it was voted that all committees be 
instructed to report on all matters by 
Friday at 11 o'clock. 

On motion of Mr. Cavanaugh of 
Manchester the proposed amend- 
ment relating to election precincts 
was recalled and rejected. 

On Thursday morning, June 20, 
the woman suffrage amendment was 
the special order, in the Convention, 
the question being on the substitution 
of the minority for the majority 
report. In anticipation of the de- 
bate the gallery held the largest 
attendance of the session. 

Previous to taking up the special 
order a report from the Committee on 
Bill of Rights, presenting favorably, 
in a new draft, the amendment cf Mr. 
Updike of Hanover, providing for 
the restoration of forfeited suffrage 
rights, by the Supreme Court in 
certain cases, was accepted and 
adopted and the amendment referred 
to the Committee on Time and 
Mode. 



The special order was taken up at 
10.40, and the debate opened by 
Mr. Whitcher, chairman of the special 
Committee, in support of his motion 
to substitute the minority report in 
favor of suffrage. He was followed 
by Mr. Donigan of Newbury in 
opposition. Messrs. Bean of Bel- 
mont, Lyford of Concord, Young of 
Charlestown and Stevens of Landaff 
supported, and Messrs. Mitchell and 
Hill of Concord, Barney of Canaan 
and Martin of Concord opposed the 
motion, all speaking earnestly and 
vigorously. Mr. Wason of Nashua, 
who presented the amendment, closed 
the debate, which was the most ani- 
mated of the session, in support of 
the motion and his amendment. 
The motion was lost and the amend- 
ment defeated by a yea and nay vote 
of 149 to 208. 

The Committee on Legislative De- 
partment, in accordance with instruc- 
tions, submitted an amendment on 
taxation, to be inserted in Article 5, 
Part II, as an addition to the taxation 
clause therein as follows: 

"But the said General Court shall 
have full power and authority to spe- 
cially assess, rate and tax growing 
wood, timber and money at interest in- 
cluding money in savings banks, and 
to impose and levy taxes on incomes 
from stock of foreign corporations and 
money at interest except income from 
money deposited in savings banks 
in this state received by depositors 
and it may graduate such taxes ac- 
cording to the amount of the incomes 
and may grant reasonable exemptions; 
provided that if such taxes be levied 
on incomes from stock and money at 
interest no other taxes shall be levied 
thereon against the owner or holder 
thereof." 

Mr. Lyford, chairman of the Com- 
mittee, explained it^ action, and on his 
motion the matter was made a special 
order for the afternoon. 

Upon the coming in of the Conven- 
tion in the afternoon the vote making 
the taxation question a special order 
was rescinded, on Mr. Lyford's mo- 



190 



The Granite Monthly 




WILLIAM F. WHITCHER 
Chairman Special Committee on Woman Suffrage 



The Constitutional Convention of 1912 



191 



tion, and the amendment recommitted 
for further consideration. 

A report from the Committee on 
Bill of Rights, of "inexpedient" on 
the amendment allowing the granting 
of civil pensions for a longer time than 
one year, was rejected, after dis- 
cussion led by Mr. Folsom of Dover, 
and the proposed amendment adopted 
and referred to the Committee on 
Time and Mode. 

A favorable report from the same 
Committee on the amendment con- 
stituting the councillor districts on 
a population basis, was accepted and 
the amendment adopted, and simi- 
larly referred. 

The amendment providing for elec- 
tion, by plurality vote, of Governor, 
( 'ouiK'illors and Senators was similarly 
reported and disposed of. 

The Convention then went into 
Committee of the Whole, Mr. Mad- 
den of Keene in the chair, to consider 
amendments relating to future mode 
of amending the Constitution. 

Mr. Wadleigh of Milford strongly 
advocated the amendment presented 
by Cavanaugh of Manchester, allow- 
ing the calling of conventions as now, 
but also permitting amendment 
through submission by two succes- 
sive legislatures and ratification by 
the people by two-thirds vote. Mr. 
Cavanaugh also supported his amend- 
ment; by Mr. Eastman of Exeter 
opposed, on the ground that it should 
not be made easy to change the 
organic law. 

The Committee rose and reported 
progress, and, in Convention, the 
report of the Committee on Legisla- 
tive Department on the taxation 
question was presented again, and 
considered, Chairman Lyford explain- 
ing that it was unanimous except on 
the point of exempting from the 
income tax the income from stock in 
domestic corporations. 

Mr. Stevens of Landaff submitted 
an amendment striking out this 
exemption, which was defeated after 
discussion, and, after further discus- 
sion, the report was accepted and 



the amendment adopted, on division, 
211 to 16. 

An amendment, from the same Com- 
mittee, authorizing the General Court 
to provide for a tax on the incomes of 
corporations in lieu of a direct tax 
on their property was made a special 
order for Friday morning. 

The Committee on Bill of Bights 
reported "inexpedient" on the amend- 
ments abolishing the Executive Coun- 
cil and the report was adopted. 

It was voted, on motion of Mr. 
Lambert of Manchester, to bring the 
Convention to a close Saturday at 
11 a. m. 

Mr. Hayden of Hollis, chairman 
of the Committee on Mileage, re- 
ported that in the opinion of the 
Attorney General delegates were en- 
titled to no mileage beyond the regu- 
lar transportation provided by the 
state. 

Upon the opening of Friday morn- 
ing's session, Messrs. Young of Man- 
chester, French of Nashua, Young 
of Northfield, Gaffney of Nashua and 
Veazie of Littleton were appointed a 
special Committee on Journal of the 
Convention. 

Notice was given of a proposed 
social organization of delegates not 
over 35 years of age. 

The Committee on Legislative De- 
partment reported "inexpedient" on 
seven distinct amendments, mostly 
relating to taxation. 

On motion of Mr. Lyford, the 
amendment relating to classification 
of property for taxation, was recalled 
from the Committee on Time and 
Mode, and again referred to the Com- 
mittee on Legislative Department. 

The special order — the amendment 
authorizing a tax on corporation 
incomes — was taken up and discussed 
at length, Messrs. Whitcher of Haver- 
hill, Stevens of Landaff, Fuller of 
Exeter, Barton of Newport, Martin 
of Concord, Dean of Danbury, Pills- 
bury of Londonderry, Sullivan of 
Berlin, Stone of Andover, Mitchell of 
Concord, Johnson of Colebrook, Brod- 
erick of Manchester and Allen Hollis 



192 



The Granite Monthly 



of Concord participating. An amend- 
ment offered by Stevens of Lan- 
daff, including "voluntary associations 
doing a public service business," 
intended to embrace express com- 
panies, was adopted, and the com- 
mittee amendment then agreed to, 
and referred to the Committee on 
Time and Mode. 

In Committee of the Whole, with 
George W. Fowler of Pembroke in 



change. Mr. Whitcher of Haverhill 
favored the proposition on the ground 
that it would insure more thorough 
consideration of proposed amend- 
ments and make it more difficult 
instead of easier to effect amendments. 
Mr. Lyford of Concord favored the re- 
tention of the present system. The com- 
mittee rose and reported inexpedient 
to amend the Constitution in this 
regard, and the report was accepted. 




James E. French 



the chair, the matter of future amend- 
ment of the Constitution was con- 
sidered. Messrs. Newell of Surry 
and Jones of Manchester argued 
against the adoption of a readier 
method than now prevails. Mr. Up- 
dike of Hanover spoke earnestly and 
at some length in favor of a more 
progressive and elastic method, in 
keeping with the spirit of the times. 
Mr. Young of Laconia opposed any 



Several Committee reports of "inex- 
pedient" were received and adopted, 
and the Finance Committee reported 
a pay-roll amounting to $22,302, 
with $1000 added for incidental 
expenses. 

The Convention then adjourned till 
3 o'clock, to give the Committee on 
Legislative Department time to com- 
plete its work. 

The Convention, on coming in, in 



The Constitutional Convention of 1912 



193 



the afternoon, received from the 
Committee on Legislative Depart- 
ment, the amendment in regard to 
taxation, revised as ordered, to cover 
express companies, and adopted the 
same. 

From the same Committee were 
received majority and minority re- 
ports on the amendments relating to 
membership in the Senate and House. 
The first provided for a Senate of 36 
members, with a House based on a 
population of 600 for the first repre- 
sentative and 1800 for each addi- 
tional; the second the same except 
requiring 2400 instead of 1800 for 
each additional member. Messrs. 
Barton of Newport, Whittemore of 
Dover, Wason of Nashua and Fes- 
senden of Brookline joined in the 
minority report, which Mr. Barton 
moved be substituted for the mi- 
nority. 

After considerable debate, the mi- 
nority report was amended by strik- 
ing out all reference to the Senate, 
and then, after further debate, de- 
feated— 120 to 142. The majority 
report, both as to House and Senate, 
was then adopted. 

Various proposed amendments re- 
lating to representation, practically 
disposed of by the action thus taken, 
were reported "inexpedient" by the 
committee. 

Mr. Lyford of Concord took the 
chair, and, on motion of Judge Mitch- 
ell, accompanied by appropriate 
words of commendation, seconded by 
Messrs. Wason of Nashua, Whitcher 
of Haverhill, Duncan of Jaffrey and 
Hadley of Goffstown, the thanks of 
the Convention were tendered Presi- 
dent Jones for his able and impartial 
service as presiding officer, to which 
he fittingly responded, taking occa- 
sion to refer to the character and 
importance of the work accomplished. 

Adjournment was then taken to 
Saturday morning for the final ses- 
sion, upon the opening of which 
Acting Governor Swart and the Exe- 
cutive Council were present. 

The Committee on Time and Mode 



submitted a resolution, which was 
adopted, providing that the twelve 
proposed amendments agreed to by 
the Convention, the substance of which 
is indicated in the following questions 
drawn by the Committee, be submitted 
to the people on the official ballot, 
at the biennial election in November 
next: 

THE QUESTIONS. 

1. Do you approve of increasing the Senate 
to thirty-six members, and dividing the state 
into senatorial districts on the basis of popu- 
lation; — as proposed in the amendment to 
the Constitution? 

2. Do you approve of amending the pro- 
vision as to representatives in the House of 
Representatives by making 600 inhabitants 
necessary to the election of one representa- 
tive, and 2,403 inhabitants necessary for two 
representatives, and 1,800 inhabitants neces- 
sary for each additional representative; with 
the proviso that a town, ward or place having 
less than 600 inhabitants may send a repre- 
sentative a proportionate part of the time; 
or that such towns, wards and places when 
contiguous may unite to elect a representative 
if each town so decides by major vote; — as 
proposed in the amendment to the Constitu- 
tion? 

3. Do you approve of providing that taxes 
assessed upon the passing of property by will 
or inheritance or in contemplation of death 
may be graded and rated in accordance with 
the amount of property passing, and reason- 
able exemptions made; — as proposed in the 
amendment to the Constitution, and with the 
degree of relationship between the beneficiary 
and with the person from whom it passes'.' 

i. Do you approve of empowering the Leg- 
islature to specially assess, rate and tax grow- 
ing wood and timber and money at interest, 
including money in savings banks, and to 
impose and levy taxes on incomes from stock 
of foreign corporations and foreign voluntary 
associations and money at interest, except 
incomes from money deposited in savings 
banks in this state received by the depositors 
and to graduate such taxes according to the 
amount of the income, and to grant reason- 
able exemptions, with the provision that if 
such taxes be levied on incomes from stock 
and money at interest no other taxes shall be 
levied thereon against the owner or holder 
thereof; — as proposed in the amendment to 
the Constitution? 

5. Do you approve of empowering the Leg- 
islature to impose a tax upon the incomes of 
public service corporations and voluntary 
associations, in lieu of a direct tax upon their 
property; — as proposed in the amendment to 
the Constitution? 

6. Do you approve of giving the governor 
authority to approve or disapprove any sepa- 



194 



The Granite Monthly 



rate appropriation contained in any bill or 
resolution; — as proposed in the amendment 
to the Constitution? 

7. Do you approve of the requirement that 
the Legislature, in dividing the state into coun- 
cilor districts, shall be governed by the 
population; — as proposed in the amendment 
to the Constitution? 

8. Do you approve of amending the bill of 
rights by striking out the words "rights- 
grounded on evangelical principles" after the 
words "as morality and piety," and striking 
out the word "Protestant" before the words 



11. Do you approve of amending the bill 
of rights by striking out the provision that 
pensions shall not be granted for more than 
one year at a time ; — as proposed in the amend- 
ment to the Constitution? 

12. Do you approve of empowering the 
Legislature to give police courts jurisdiction 
to try and determine, subject to the right of 
appeal and trial by jury, criminal causes 
wherein the punishment is less than imprison- 
ment in the state prison; — as proposed in the 
amendment to the Constitution? 




Ezra M. Smith 



'teachers of piety, religion and morality"; 
— as proposed in the amendment to the Con- 
stitution? 

9. Do you approve of providing that no 
person shall have the right to vote, or be 
eligible for office, who shall have been con- 
victed of treason, bribery, or wilful violation 
of election laws, with the right to the supreme 
court to restore such privileges; — as proposed 
in the amendment to the Constitution? 

10. Do you approve of having the governor, 
councilors, and senators, elected by plurality 
instead of majority votes; — as proposed in 
the amendment to the Constitution? 



On motion of Judge Mitchell, 
accompanied by an eloquent tribute, 
the thanks of the Convention were 
extended to Chaplain Garland. 
Thanks were also voted to the other 
officials and the press representatives. 

An elegant cut-glass punch bowl 
was presented to the president, in 
behalf of the delegates, by Mr. Leigh- 
ton of Newfield, as a token of regard, 
and after fitting response, the Con- 



The Constitutional Convention of 1912 



195 



vent ion adjourned, subject to the call 
of the president, or in the event of 
his death, at the call of the Governor 
of the state, as had previously been 
voted on motion of Mr. Rowe of 
Kensington. 

It is too much to say that the Con- 
stitutional Convention of 1912, in 
the outcome of its work met the popu- 
lar demand or expectation. There 
was, indeed, no popular demand for 
the convention itself, or for anything 
at its hands after it had been called. 
Little more than one fourth of the 
people voted it expedient to hold it, 
and, on account of the political ex- 
citement prevailing, a smaller pro- 
portion took interest in its work, as 
it progressed. Whether that work 
will be finally approved, in whole or 
in part, remains to be seen. True it 
is, nevertheless, that so far as any 
real interest was manifested, the con- 
vention failed to meet the require- 
ments of the situation. If there was 
any popular demand for anything at 
all at the hands of the people, or any 
part of them, it was that amendments 
should be submitted providing for 
woman suffrage and the initiative and 
referendum. There had been organ- 
ized and active agitation in fact in 
reference to both, and nothing of the 
kind in reference to the subject mat- 
ter of any one of the amendments 
actually submitted. This is not say- 
ing that a majority of the people 
favored either of these propositions, 
or that a majority will not be found 
favoring some of the amendments 
submitted, several of which have a 
measure of merit. The truth simply 
is that public sentiment had little 
to do with the holding of the conven- 
tion or its work. 

It is true that there has long been a 
general feeling that the membership 
of the House of Representatives is 
too large, but there has never been a 
time when the various constituencies 
of the state would actually approve 
any plan which would materially 
reduce their own representation. The 



plan now submitted provides but 
slight reduction, and there is no 
large measure of hope that even this 
will be approved. 

Men who have studied the subject 
have long been convinced that some 
modification and improvement of the 
existing taxation system, not possible 
under the constitution as it stands, 
is demanded, and the amendments 
proposed, bearing upon this subject, 
if adopted, will render it possible to 
meet the demand. 

The increase of membership in the 
Senate, provided for in the first 
amendment submitted, is probably 
desirable, but will doubtless be op- 
posed by the corporate and monied 
interests, as will the even more desir- 
able provision that the Senate dis- 
tricts shall be based on population 
rather than property valuation. It 
is also desirable that a plurality vote 
shall elect all officers, the majority 
requirement often working great 
inconvenience and absolute injustice. 
The amendments providing for these 
changes strongly commend themselves 
to public approval. All the others 
submitted, though well enough in 
themselves, are comparatively incon- 
sequential. 

In the personnel and character of its 
membership the convention com- 
pared favorably with any of its pre- 
decessors, if the men of the present 
generation, on the whole, compare 
favorably with those of the past. 
There was certainly a good represen- 
tation of the ablest men in the state, 
of both conservative and progressive 
tendencies, included in the member- 
ship, and it is manifest from both a 
study of the roll, and consideration 
of the work accomplished, that the 
former class predominated, whether 
to the advantage of the state or not 
depends entirely upon the individual 
viewpoint. 

A large proportion of the delegates 
has seen service in the House of 
Representatives for one or more terms. 
Twenty had served in the State 
Senate, and forty-eight had been 



196 



The Granite Monthly 



members of a previous convention — 
six of two conventions. 

The City of Concord was repre- 
sented in the Convention by an es- 
pecially strong delegation, nearly 
all being men of recognized ability, 
while five at least held position in the 
front rank, these being Judge John 
M. Mitchell, Naval Officer James 0. 
Lyford, and Allen Hollis of Ward 4, 
Judge Charles R. Corning of Ward 5, 



ernor, an extended biographical sketch 
of whom appeared in the Granite 
Monthly for May, 1907, was, 
most appropriately made Chairman 
of the Committee on the Judiciary 
Department, but by no means con- 
fined his attention, to matters coming 
before his Committee. A genuine 
conservative, he sought to conserve 
the welfare of the state in all lines, 
was particularly interested and active 




Frank P. Hobbs 



and Ex-Mayor Nathaniel E. Martin 
of Ward 6. 

Judge Mitchell, a member of the 
Superior Court bench, where he is 
rendering most efficient service, a 
former member of the House and a 
prominent delegate in tne Convention 
of 1902, who has also served as 
county solicitor and railroad commis- 
sioner, and who is now strongly urged 
as a Democratic candidate for Cov- 



in the consideration of taxation mat- 
ters, and was heard with effect in 
many of the debates. 

Mr. Lyford was chairman of the 
Committee on Legislative Depart- 
ment, for which position he was ad- 
mirably equipped through active 
service in the House, where he had 
originated more constructive legisla- 
tion than any other man of his time, 
and in two previous conventions— 



The Constitutional Convention of 1912 



197 



those of 1876, when he was a delegate 
from the town of Canterbury, and 1902. 
Influential alike in committee and in 
debate, he proved himself, as the 
Concord Monitor remarks, "the most 
efficient floor leader New Hampshire 
Legislatures and Conventions ever 
have seen." He was interested in all 
questions arising, and was heard with 
interest in all important debates. 
Though ordinarily classed as a con- 
servative, he heartily supported the 
defeated woman suffrage amendment, 
having long been a supporter of that 
cause. 

Col. Daniel Hall of Dover, one of 
the oldest and best known members 
of the Convention, who called to 
order preliminary to the temporary 
organization, was made chairman of 
the Committee on Bill of Rights and 
Executive Department, and, though 
taking no active part in debate on 
the floor, rendered excellent service 
in directing the work of this important 
committee. Col. Hall, whose bio- 
graphical record appeared in the 
Granite Monthly of November 
last, although taking little part in 
political life, ranks high as a publicist, 
and a thorough student of historical 
and political affairs, and his knowledge 
and judgment proved highly val- 
uable. 

Hon. Edwin G. Eastman of Exeter, 
who was assigned to the chairman- 
ship of the Committee on Future 
Mode of Amending the Constitution, 
and other proposed amendments, 
came to the convention well equipped 
for service by long experience in 
public affairs and professional serv- 
ice, having been a member of the 
House and Senate, and of the Con- 
vention of 1902, in which he held 
the same position as in this, and hav- 
ing served many years as the chief 
law officer of the state. A strong and 
forceful speaker, he was heard in the 
debates only when, in his judgment, 
occasion demanded, and never with- 
out effect. Conservative in his ideas 
and tendencies, he opposed all radical 
changes and it was largely through 



his influences that so few were sub- 
mitted. 

Rosecrans W. Pillsbury of London- 
derry, Chairman of the Committee 
on Time and Mode of Submitting 
Amendments to the People, had served 
in four Legislatures as a leader in the 
House, and in the last two previous 
Conventions, and brought to his work 
the training as well as the ability 
demanded by the position assigned 
him as the head of one of the hardest 
working Committees of the Conven- 
tion. Mr. Pillsbury is usually classed 
as a progressive, and generally acted 
with that element in the Convention, 
though in the contest preliminary 
to the presidential nomination he was 
aligned with the supporters of Presi- 
dent Taft. He is an avowed candi- 
date for election to the United States 
Senate by the next legislature. 

William F. Whitcher of Haverhill, 
was assigned to the chairmanship of 
the special Committee on Woman 
Suffrage — a congenial position since 
he has long been an earnest advocate 
of that cause, though the Committee 
was constituted with an opposition 
majority. This was the only Com- 
mittee in whose work there was any 
considerable degree of popular inter- 
est, or which held public hearings, but 
Mr. Whitcher's attention was by no 
means limited to his service in this 
connection. He was a prominent figure 
in the general work of the Convention, 
to which he brought the practical 
experience derived from service for 
five terms in the House of Represen- 
tatives as a member of the Judiciary 
Committee. He is a native of Ben- 
ton, sixty-six years of age; was edu- 
cated at Tilton Seminary and Wes- 
leyan and Boston Universities, and 
is a member of the Phi Beta Kappa 
and Alpha Delta Phi Societies. He 
is a Mason, a member of the Royal 
Arcanum and the Ancient Order of 
United Workmen. He is also a mem- 
ber of the N. H. Historical Society, 
the New England Methodist Histor- 
ical Society and the N. H. Society 
Sons of the American Revolution of 



198 



The Granite Monthly 



which he was president for 1911-12. 
He is editor and proprietor of the 
Woodsville News, is author of the 
History of Benton, of the Descend- 
ants of Chase Whitcher and of various 
published monograms; is a trustee 
and clerk of the Woodsville Guaranty 
Savings Bank and has been Moderator 
for the town of Haverhill since 1901. 
He is a candidate for the Republican 
nomination for Senator from the Sec- 
ond district. 

The most prominent member of the 
Nashua delegation, which was among 




Hon. Jesse M. Barton 

the ablest in the Convention, was 
Edward H. Wason, a leading member 
of the Hillsborough County bar and 
former solicitor of that county, who 
served conspicuously in the legis- 
latures of 1899 and 1909, and the 
Constitutional Convention of 1902, 
and was appropriately assigned to 
the Committee on Legislative Depart- 
ment, in whose work he was active 
and influential as well as in the general 
work of the Convention. He intro- 
duced the Woman Suffrage Amend- 
ment, looked after its interest as a 



consistent advocate of the cause, and 
closed the debate in its favor. He is 
a native of New Boston, fifty-six 
years of age, was educated at Fran- 
cestown Academy and the New Hamp- 
shire College, of which he is a trustee; 
is a Congregationalist and a 32d degree 
Mason. He is prominently mentioned 
in 'connection with the Republican 
nomination for Congress in the Sec- 
ond District. 

Among other prominent members 
and notable figures in the Convention 
were James E. French of Moulton- 
boro, Ezra M. Smith of Peterboro and 
Frank P. Hobbs of Wolfeboro. 

Mr. French is a veteran legislator, 
with a longer experience in that line 
than any other man now living in 
the State, having served eight terms 
in the House and one in the Senate. 
He was assigned to the Committee 
on Legislative Department, and his 
judgment and experience were found 
specially valuable here, as well as in 
other directions. 

Mr. Smith, who has served five 
terms in the legislature, was a dele- 
gate in the Convention of 1876, has 
been a judge of the Peterboro po- 
lice court nine years and had long ex- 
perience in the management of town 
affairs, was a valuable member of the 
Committee on Judicial Department. 
His experience, recognized ability as 
a lawyer, cogency of statement and 
ability as a debater naturally made 
him one of the most influential mem- 
bers of the Convention. 

Frank P. Hobbs served on the 
special Committee on Woman Suf- 
frage, and, as a consistent progressive 
Democrat, joined in presenting the 
minority report in favor of the pro- 
posed amendment. Mr. Hobbs, who 
has been sheriff of Carroll County and 
active in its politics for many years, 
as a leading Democrat, was a promi- 
nent member of the last legislature, 
and there, as in this convention was a 
frequent and forceful debater in 
advocacy of all progressive measures. 

The most prominent member of the 
delegation from Sullivan County was 



The Constitutional Convention of 1912 



199 



Jesse M. Barton of Newport, Judge 
of Probate, a graduate of Dart mouth 
College and the Boston University 
Law School. He is a leading member 
of the Sullivan bar, as was his father 




whom had been prominent in two 
Legislative sessions, and conspicuous 
in support of various reform measures. 

One of the most picturesque figures 
in the Convention, and a veritable 
" free-lance" in debate, sometimes 
spoken of as "on all sides of all 
questions," was Dr. Charles A. Morse 
of Newmarket, who seldom failed of a 
hearing when any subject was under 
discussion. 

The oldest delegate was Hiram 
Parker of Lempster, farmer and mer- 
chant, long time selectman and town 
clerk, six years a member of the State 
Board of Agriculture, and a represen- 
tative in the Legislature of 1861, of 
which he and William Nourse of New- 
port are the only known survivors. 
He was born in Lempster in 1830, and 
is the elder brother of Hon. Hosea 
W. Parker of Claremont. He is an 



Hiram Parker of Lempster 

Oldest Delegate 

before him — the late Hon. Levi W. 
Barton. He was a leading member of 
the House in the Legislature of 1901, 
and a delegate in the Convention of 
1902. He served as a member of the 
Committee on the Judiciary Depart- 
ment, but took a live interest in all 
questions of importance coming before 
the Convention, and was heard effec- 
tively in debate. Mr. Barton is a 
straight-out Republican, with no 
modern "frills," and is the present 
Chairman of the Republican State 
Committee 

Among the leading "progressives" 
in the Convention, and probably the old-school Democrat of the same type 
ablest and most effectively heard of with the latter. 

all, were Raymond B. Stevens of The youngest delegate was Edward 

Laiuiaff, Democrat, and Allen Hollis J. Gallagher of Ward 9, Concord, 
of Concord, Republican, each of a native of the city, twenty-one years 





• 


I *.-» 


f 


L **£ 


, 


f 


V 



Edward J. Gallagher cf Concord 

Youngest Delegate 



200 



The Granite Monthly 




HON. WILLIS G. BUXTON 



The Constitutional Convention of 1912 



201 



of age, educated in the public schools 
and by private tutor. He is the 
bright and brainy editor of the Con- 
cord Daily and the New Hampshire 
Weekly Patriot and is the youngest 
man in the country to hold so respon- 
sible a position in the journalistic 
world. 



PERSONAL SKETCHES 

Hon. Willis G. Buxton. A prom- 
inent member of the Merrimack 
County delegation, serving on the 
Committee on Bill of Rights and 
the Executive Department, was Willis 
George Buxton, delegate from Bos- 
cawen. He is a native of Henniker, 
born August 22, 1856, son of Daniel 
M. and Abbie A. (Whittaker) Bux- 
ton, educated at Clinton Grove and 
New London Academies. He read 
law with Brooks K. Webber of Hills- 
borough, graduated from Boston Uni- 
versity Law School in 1879, was 
admitted to the bar in March of that 
year, and commenced practice in 
Hillsborough, remaining till 1882 
when he removed to Penacook (Bos- 
cawen side) where he was in partner- 
ship with the late Judge Nehemiah 
G. Butler until his«death a year later, 
since when he has continued in prac- 
tice alone, carrying on, also, an ex- 
tensive insurance business, in which 
he was associated for a time with the 
late Isaac K. Gage and, later, with 
Horace B. Sherburne. He was a 
member of the House in 1895, serving 
as chairman of the Committee on 
Elections and as a member of the 
Committee on Revision of Statutes; 
of the Senate in 1897, when he Avas 
Chairman of the Judiciary Committee 
and was a delegate in the Constitu- 
tional Conventions of 1887 and 1902, 
being, therefore, well qualified from 
experience for the efficient service 
which he rendered in this year's Con- 
vention. He has long been actively 
interested in politics as a Republican, 
and has been thoroughly identified 
with the progressive element of the 



party, supporting all its candidates 
and measures for the last six years, 
during which time Boscawen has not 
failed to elect representatives and 
delegates in sympathy with the move- 
ment. He is a member of the Repub- 
lican State Committee, upon which he 
has served constantly since 1886, 
except four years, from 1890 to 1894. 
He has been seventeen years town 
treasurer, long a member of the town 
library committee and the local board 
of health, and six years member of the 
board of education. He is a trustee 
of the Merrimack County Savings 
Bank; has been for many years treas- 
urer and superintendent of the Pena- 
cook and Boscawen Water Precinct, 
and has been a trustee and Secretary 
of the N. H. Orphan's Home, at 
Franklin, since 1895. He is a mem- 
ber of the N. H. Historical Society, 
and has travelled extensively both in 
this country and in Europe, making a 
special study of famous paintings. 
He lectures occasionally on travel and 
art. He is a Knight Templar Mason, 
an Odd Fellow, and a member and 
constant attendant of the Congrega- 
tional Church. June 4, 1884, he mar- 
ried, Miss Martha J. Flanders. A 
daughter, Grace H., died in child- 
hood. 



George W. Stone. Another in- 
fluential member of the Merrimack 
County delegation was George W. 
Stone of Andover, also a well known 
lawyer, who served on the Committee 
on Future Mode of Amending the 
Constitution, and was actively inter- 
ested in the affairs of the Convention. 
Mr. Stone is a native of the town of 
Plymouth, born November 11, 1857. 
He is a graduate of Colby Academy 
Class of 1874, Dartmouth College, 
1878, and Boston University Law 
School, 1882. He has been in. prac- 
tice in. Andover since admission to the 
bar, and has been active in public 
and political affairs as a leader in the 
Democratic party, always dominant in 
Andover. He was an active member 



202 



The Granite Monthly 



of the Legislature in 1885-9 and of the 1901 he was instructor in Mathematics 
Constitutional Covention of 1902. in the Bangor High School; principal 
He takes much interest in educational of Ricker Classical Institute at Houl- 
matters, was for a time superintendent ton, Me., from 1901 to 1905, since 
of schools, has been nine years a when he has been principal of Colby 

Academy, New London. In college 
he was prominent in athletics and 
fraternity life, and was editor of the 
Colby Jficho. He has been a dele- 
gate to the national convention of the 
Delta Upsilon Fraternity. While 
principal of Ricker's Institute the 
attendance increased, in the five years, 
from 120 to 254, and since he came to 
Colby the enrollment has grown from 
101 to 165, and the corps of instructors 
from seven to twelve, while additions 
to the equipment costing $150,000 
have been made, and the endowment 
increased by $15,000. He is an Odd 
Fellow, Mason and Patron of Hus- 
bandry; has been treasurer of the 
N. H. Association of Academies since 
1907, is town auditor and president 



George W. Stone 




member of the Board of Education 
and is a trustee of Proctor Academy. 
He has been prominent in the coun- 
cils of the Democratic party in county 
and state, and has championed its 
principles on the stump. 



Justin O. Wellman. The town of 
New London honored itself by choos- 
ing as its delegate in the Convention 
one of the most prominent educators 
in the state — Justin Owen Wellman, 
principal of Colby Academy, a pro- 
gressive Republican who made one 
of the best speeches in the debate in 
support of the Initiative and Refer- 
endum. 

Mr. Wellman was born in Belgrade, 
Me., September 19, 1875, the son of 
S. Owen Rogers and Ella (Russell) 
Wellman. He graduated from Colby 
College in the Class of 1898, in which 




Justin O. Wellman 



of the New London Acetylen Gas Com- 
pany. August 14, 1901 he married 

year lie became principal of Paris Caroline Blanche Walker, at Mechanic 

Hill (Me.) Academy. From 1899 to Falls, Me. 



The Constitutional Convention of 1912 



203 



Amos J. Blake, delegate from 
Fitzwilliam, Republican, Congrega- 
tionalist, lawyer, was born in Rindge, 
October 20, 1836; and educated at 
Mt. Caesar Seminary, Swanzey, Green 
Mountain Liberal Institute. Wood- 
stock, Vt., and under the tuition of 
Prof. E. T. Quimby at Appleton 
Academy, New Ipswich, teaching 
school winters to defray the expense. 
He was well fitted for college, but 
abandoned the idea, and began the 
study of law in Keene in 1859, was 
admitted to the bar in 1862, and to 
practice in the U. S. courts in 1867, 
and has successfully practiced his 
profession in Fitzwilliam since July, 
1863. He served as assistant internal 
revenue assessor from 1862 to 1870, 
bank commissioner from 1876 to 
1880, census enumerator in 1880 and 
1890, school committee in Rindge 
two years, and in Fitzwilliam eleven 
years; moderator and selectman 
many years and was one of the trus- 
tees of the Fitzwilliam Savings Bank. 
He was a member of the committee 
of three appointed by the town of 
Fitzwilliam in 1867, to fund the 
war debt of the town; which was 
very promptly and efficiently accom- 
plished. He has been a prominent 
member of the Masonic fraternity for 
fifty years and is a member of the 
N. H. Historical Society and of the 
Society of the Sons of the American 
Revolution. He has served exten- 
sively as administrator, executor, and 
trustee of estates of deceased persons 
and guardian. He has been super- 
visor of the Fitzwilliam Town Library 
for over thirty years. He has been 
twice married; first to. Miss Lizzie A. 
Howe, of Jaffrey, who died in 1867, 
their son also dying the same year; 
and second, to Miss Flora E. Stout 1 , 
eldest daughter of Nathan and Mary 
Louisa (Miles) Stone of Fitzwilliam. 
and has one son, Leroy Stanley 
Blake, born November 5, 1883. Out- 
side of his profession, he is interested 
in many special studies, being deeply 
versed in geology and kindred sci- 



ences and having made a large collec- 
tion of New England minerals. He is 
a historical student, versed in anti- 
quarian lore, and an authority on 
local history and genealogy. He was 
a member of the House in 1872 and 73, 
serving on the Judiciary Committee 
at both sessions, and in 1901, serving 
on the Committee on the Revision of 
the Statutes, and was a delegate in 
the Constitutional Conventions of 
1889 and 1902. In this Convention 




Amos J. Blake 

he was a member of the Committee 
on Bill of Rights and Executive 
Department. 



Frederic D. Runnells. Among 
the young members of the Constitu- 
tional Convention of 1902, returned 
to the Convention of the present year, 
was Frederic Daniel Runnells of 
Nashua, only son of Daniel F. and the 
late Sarah E. (Farley) Runnells of 
that city, born December 21, 1870. 
He graduated from Dartmouth Col- 
lege in 1893, was in business from 1893 
to 1895, studied law in Chicago and 
was admitted to the Illinois bar in 



204 



The Granite Monthly 



1897. Returning east he graduated was graduated in 1895. At the 
from Boston University Law School close of his academical course he 
in 1898, and the following year was entered the law office of Judge Sewall 
admitted to the New Hampshire bar, W. Abbott, of Wolfeboro. In Octo- 
commencing practice in Nashua, where ber, 1898, he entered the Boston 

University Law School, where he was 
graduated in June, 1900, with the 
degree of LL.B. Before completing 
his work at the university he was 
admitted to the New Hampshire bar 
in March of that year, and opened a 
law office in Wolfeboro the following 
July. He continued his practice in 
Wolfeboro a year. Believing he 
could improve his chances in a larger 
place, he removed to Laconia, and 
became associated with Edwin H. 
Shannon, of that city. In 1903 he 
continued alone, rapidly building up 
a large and lucrative practice. In 
September, 1903, he was appointed 
judge of the Laconia police court. 
Always believing that a good citizen 




Frederic D. Runnells 

he has remained, gaining a recognized 
position in the professional, political 
and social life of the "Second City." 
He served as a member of the Board 
of Police Commissioners from Jan- 
uary 1904 to May, 1907 when he was 
appointed Associate Justice of the 
Nashua Police Court. His Commit- 
tee service this year was upon the 
Committee on "Future Mode of 
Amending the Constitution and Other 
Proposed Amendments." 



Judge Oscar L. Young, delegate 
from Ward 4, Laconia, was born in 
Ossipee, September 11, 1874, the son 
of Timothy B. and Sarah I. (Buzzell) 
Young. He attended the public 
schools of Ossipee and Effingham, 
from which he went to Brewster Free 
Academy, in Wolfeboro, where he 













■HI 



Judge Oscar L. Young 

should take an interest in political 
affairs, he rose rapidly in the confi- 
dence and support of his party, and 
during the campaign of 1908 he was 
chairman of the Republican State 



The Constitutional Convention of 1912 



205 



Committee, 

and skillful 
worthy of 
hearing of 



proving by 
management 
the trust, 
the charges 



his earnest 
that he was 
During the- 
against the 
express company in this state, in 
1908, when Mr. Putney, who had 
served as chairman of the board of 
railroad commissioners so long, was 
declared disqualified on account of 
personal interest. Judge Young acted 
as a substitute on the board, showing 
by his conduct then his fitness for the 
permanent postiton which came to 
him soon after, when he was ap- 
pointed to fill the vacancy made by 
the death of Mr. Putney. He was 
elected clerk of the board, and 
served as such until June 1, 1911, 
when the Railroad Commission was 
abolished by an act of the Legisla- 
ture, creating a Public Utilities Com- 
mission. He has been active in 
fraternal circles, and is a member of 
the Morning Star Lodge, No. 17, 
A. F. and A. M., Wolfeboro, Fidelity 
Lodge, I. O. 0. F., of Wolfeboro, 
Myrtle Rebekah Lodge, Wolfeboro, 
and Mount Washington Chapter, 
0. E. S., Laconia. He was married 
July 11, 1909, to Miss Anna M. 
Paris, of Wolfeboro. Judge Young 
was actively interested in the pro- 
ceedings of the Convention, and 
served on the Committee on Future 
Mode of Amending the Constitution 
and other proposed amendments. 



Wadleigh was born in the town of 
Sanbornton, November 2, 1870, being 
a great grandson of James Wadleigh, 
a Revolutionary soldier and one of the 
earliest settlers of that town. He 
graduated from New Hampton Lit- 
erary Institution in 1891 as valedic- 
torian of his class. Subsequently he 
taught school for a time, but soon 
turned to mercantile life and has 
been for many years engaged in the 
clothing trade in Milford, where he 
has served the town as a member of 




Fred T. Wadleigh 



Fred T. Wadleigh. What is 
known as "Progressive Republican- 
ism" has one of its strongholds in 
this state in the town of Milford, and 
one of its earliest and most active 
representatives in New Hampshire 
was Fred T. Wadleigh, one of the 
delegates of that town in the Consti- 
tutional Convention this year, serv- 
ing on the special committee on 
rage, and uniting in 
report, sustaining the 
as in line with the 
progressive spirit of the times. Mr. 



Woman 

the minority 

amendment 



the board of water commissioners, 
and as a representative in the Legis- 
lature of 1907, in whose proceedings 
he took an active part, along progres- 
sive lines, introducing and earnestly 
supporting a bill providing for a 
direct primary law, which even then 
came within a few votes of passing 
the House. Mr. Wadleigh is a Mason, 
an Odd Fellow, a member of the 
First Baptist Church of Milford and 
a public-spirited citizen, alert in all 
movements for promoting the welfare 
of the community. 



20; 



The Granite Monthly 




ELISHA RHODES BROWN 



The Constitutional Convention of 1912 



207 



Elisha R. Brown. One of the 
most prominent figures in the finan- 
cial life of the state for many years 
past has been Elisha Rhodes Brown, 
who, with Col. Daniel Hall and ex- 
Mayor A. Melvin Foss, represented 
Ward 4, Dover, in the Convention, 
making up one of the most substan- 
tial delegations in that body. Mr. 
Brown was born in Providence, R. I., 
March 28, 1847. He was educated in 
the Dover schools, and since early 
life has been successfully engaged in 
banking, having been for some time 
past president of both the Strafford 
National and Savings Banks. He is 
also connected with various railroad 
and manufacturing corporations, and 
a director in the same. He is a 32d 
degree Mason, an Odd Fellow 7 and a 
member of the N. H. Society S. A. R., 
by virtue of several lines of patriotic 
ancestry. He was appointed by 
Governor Sawyer in 1889 to represent 
New Hampshire at the centennial 
celebration of the inauguration of 
President Washington in New r York 
City. 



sons, and took up his residence in 
Claremont Milage, devoting his at- 
tention to real estate interests. He 
is a Republican in politics and has 
taken much interest in public affairs, 
serving the town as a member of the 
board of selectmen in 1874-75, as a 
member of the Legislature in 1891, 
and a delegate in the Constitutional 



George P. Rossiter. Among the 
substantial men of the Convention 
and a leading member of the delega- 
tion from Claremont, the largest 
town in the state, was George P. 
Rossiter, long knowm as one of the 
most extensive and successful farmers 
and stock-breeders in New Hamp- 
shire, whose large intervale farm w r as 
one of the finest in the Connecticut 
Valley, commanding the attention 
not only of the passing traveller, but 
also of those who sought to observe 
agricultural operations upon a large 
scale and according to improved 
methods. Mr. Rossiter is a native of 
the town of Newport, born May 6, 
1840, but removed to Claremont in 
early life. He was educated in the 
Newport and Claremont schools and 
at Kimball Union Academy. He 
retired from the farm some years 
since, relinquishing the same to his 




George P. Rossiter 

Convention of 1902. In religion he 
is a Congregationalist, and a liberal 
supporter of the church and its 
activities. 



Edwin C. Bean. Among the lead- 
ing members of the Belknap County 
delegation was Edwin C. Bean of 
Belmont, who served on the Com- 
mittee on Future Mode of Amending 
the Constitution and other Proposed 
Amendments. He was interested in 
most matters coming before the 
Convention, and, though not partici- 
pating extensively in the debate, was 
one of the most effective speakers in 
advocacy of the Woman Suffrage 
Amendment, though generally class''. | 



208 



The Granite Monthly 



as a conservative. He is a native of 
the town of Gilmanton, born Feb- 
ruary 20, 1854, of the tenth genera- 
tion from John Bean of Exeter 
(1660). He was educated in the 




Hon. Edwin C. Bean 

common schools and at Tilton Semi- 
nary and has been in business as a 
general merchant and druggist for 
the last thirty-five years. He is 
president of the N. H. Retail Grocers, 
Association. He has always been an 
active Republican and has served as 
town clerk, moderator for ten years, 
member of the House of Representa- 
tives in 1887 and of the State Senate 
in 1901. He was postmaster of Bel- 
mont from 1877 to 1884, being the 
first in the state to resign after 
Cleveland's election to the presidency. 
He was a delegate to the Republican 
National Convention in 1884, and an 
aide on the staff of Gov. John Mc- 
Lane, with the rank of colonel. He 
is a Knight Templar, Knight of 
Pythias, a charter member of Law- 
rence Grange P. of H., and attends 
the Free Baptist Church. He is a 



Oscar C. Young, M. D. Charles- 
town — old " Number Four " — was rep- 
resented in the Convention by Dr. 
Oscar C. Young, a native of Ac worth, 
son of George W. and Sally A. 
(Cummings) Young, educated in the 
public schools and at the Moody 
School, Mt. Hermon, Mass. He 
pursued the study of medicine, grad- 
uating from the Medical Department 
of the University of Vermont in the 
class of 1894, ranking fourth in a class 
of sixty, and being one of five who 
received special diplomas of honor. 
He located in practice in Charlestown 
immediately after graduation, where 
he has continued, gaining a successful 
practice in that and surrounding 
towns. He has always taken a lively 
interest in public affairs; has been 
for many years a member of the 
water commission and of the loqal 
board of health. He is an active 
member of the county and state 




Dr. Oscar C. Young 



medical societies, and of Charlestown 
Grange, P. of H. His popularity is 
trustee of the Iowa Savings Bank at attested by the fact of his election as 
Tilton and of the City Savings Bank delegate from a Republican town, al- 
at Laconia. though a lifelong Democrat. He was 



The Constitutional Convention of 191 ' 



209 



interested in most questions consid- 
ered by the Convention, especially 
the Initiative and Referendum, Taxa- 
tion and Woman Suffrage. He was a 
member of the special Committee 
considering the latter subject, and 
was one of the speakers sustaining 
the proposed amendment in the 
debate. Dr. Young has been a hard 
worker all his life, and in student 
days worked at haying in summer 
vacations and taught school several 
terms to aid in meeting his expenses. 
He is much interested in horses, has 
reared several fine colts, and still 
believes a good horse preferable to the 
automobile for the country doctor. 
He is a Unitarian in religion. He 
married, first, Lola E. Smith of 
Charlestown, who died in 1908, leav- 
ing one son, now thirteen years of age; 
second, in 1911, Blanche L. Eggleston. 



Stewart E. Rowe. Among the 
more active of the younger members 
of the Convention was Stewart Ever- 
ett Rowe, delegate from Kensington, 
and a member of the Committee on 
Future Mode of Amending the Con- 
stitution. Mr. Rowe is a native of 
Kensington, son of Benjamin F. and 
Hattie A. Rowe, born January 22, 
1881. His father, a farmer and Civil 
War Veteran, died two years since, 
and his mother and younger brother 
carry on the farm, where he also 
still makes his home. He was edu- 
cated in the district school, Exeter 
High School, "Phillips Exeter Academy 
and Boston University Law School. 
He was class orator at the high school, 
class poet at the academy, and re- 
corder at the law school. He was 
also active in athletics at the academy, 
being pitcher on the baseball nine. 
He studied law with ex-Attorney 
General Eastman of Exeter, was ad- 
mitted to the bar July 1, 1911, and 
since then has been in practice with 
an office in Exeter. He is a Univer- 
salis!, a member and past officer of 
the Sons of Veterans, Junior Order 
U. A. M., Patrons of Husbandry, 



Gamma Eta Gamma Fraternity, G. 
L. Soule Society and the Rockingham 
( lounty Republican Club. He has 
held various offices, including clerk 
and moderator of school district, 
member of school board, library 
trustee, auditor, tax collector, justice 
of the peace, notary public, and 
sealer of weights and measures for 
Rockingham County. He has been a 
delegate to several Republican Con- 




Stewart E. Rowe 

ventions and was a secretary of the 
last State Convention of the party. 
He is a frequent contributor, in verse 
and prose, to various publications, 
and has received personal letters of 
thanks from President Taft and ex- 
President Roosevelt for poems writ- 
ten in their behalf. Many of his 
poems have appeared in the Granite 
Monthly. He was prominent in the 
work of the Convention, participating 
freely in debate and occasionally 
speaking at length. 



Hiram F. New'ELL. Hiram Finlay 
Newell, delegate from Surry, has the 
distinction of having represented more 



210 



The Granite Monthly 



towns in the N. H. Constitutional 
Convention than any other man, 
having been a delegate from his 
native town of Alstead in 1889 and 
from Ward 3, Keene. in 1902. He 




Frank B. Preston, delegate from 
Ward 2, Rochester, has long been a 
prominent resident of that city and a 
leading Democrat of Strafford County. 
He was born at Bow Lake, Strafford, 
February 11, 1856, and was educated 
at Franklin Academy, Dover, West 
Lebanon (Me.) Academy and New 
Hampton Institution. He is en- 
gaged in the lumber and real estate 
business. He is a Free Baptist, Odd 
Fellow and Patron of Husbandry; 
was moderator of Rochester in 1887- 
88, a delegate to the Constitutional 
Convention of 1889 from Ward 6, 
and has been a member of the 
Rochester school board since 1907. 
He has been president of the People's 
Building and Loan Association of 
Rochester since its incorporation, and 
corresponding secretary and member 
of the board of managers of the 
Gaffney Home for the Aged. He is 
also a trustee of New Hampton 
Institution. He was a candidate for 



H. F. Newell 

was born March 28, 1852, and edu- 
cated at Mario w and Kimball Union 
Academies. He followed the occupa- 
tion of a carpenter and builder in 
Keene for fifteen years after leaving 
Alstead. Removing to Surry a few 
years since, he is now extensively 
engaged in farming and the breeding 
of Short Horn cattle. He is a Re- 
publican and Congregationalist, and 
served nine years as trustee of the 
Congregational Church at East Al- 
stead. He is now serving his fifth 
term as Master of Surry Grange. 
He has been selectman four years, 
town clerk seven years, and is now a 
member of the board of health, 
supervisor and tax collector. He 
took an active part in the work of 
the Convention, and introduced an 
amendment in relation to pro-rated 
towns, which was adopted by the election as a delegate to the Conven- 
Convention. tion this year. 




Frank B. Preston 



presidential elector on the Democratic 
ticket in 1896. His popularity is 
shown by the fact of his unanimous 



The Constitutional Convention of 191 ! 



211 



Paul Wentworth. The delegate ents removing to Jaffrey when he was 
from the town of Sandwich is a rep- three months old, where he has lived 
resentative of one of the most noted ever since. He graduated from the 
New Hampshire families, being a son Murdock School, Winchendon, Mass., 
of the late Col. Joseph Wentworth and attended Amherst College with 

the class of 1899, being prevented 
from graduating by the death of his 
father five months before completion 
of the course. Returning home, he 
took his father's business, that of 
druggist, which he has since carried 
on. He has been, chairman of the 
board of selectmen, tax collector, 
member of the school board, constable 
and prosecuting agent, also justice of 
the peace, and trial justice under the 
new law of 1911, which gives him 
exclusive jurisdiction of trial cases, 
without the establishment of a police 
court. For the past five years he has 
tried all local cases. He is a member 
of Jaffrey Grange, and for the last 
three years lecturer; member of 




Paul Wentworth 

and a descendant of Elder William 
Wentworth, one of the early settlers 
of Dover. He was born in Sand- 
wich, October 28, 1846, educated at 
Phillips Exeter Academy and Har- 
vard College, and is a lawyer and 
farmer. He is a Mason and a Uni- 
tarian, a Democrat in politics, has 
served several times as a selectman 
and member of the school board, 
was a representative in the Legislature 
in 1876 and a delegate to the Consti- 
tutional Convention of 1876. He has 
also been solicitor for Carroll County. 
He was assigned to service on the 
Committee on Future Mode of 
Amending the Constitution, and other 
proposed amendments. 




George H. Duncan 



Charity Lodge, No. 18, of Masons, 

past master and present secretary. 

George H. Duncan, delegate from He married, November 19, 1900, 

Jaffrey, was born in Leominster, Helen Prescott, of Jaffrey, and has 

Mass., December 23, 1876, his par- one son, ten years old. He was the 



212 



The Granite Monthly 



first president of the Jaffrey board of 
trade, and chief instigator of the 
"safe and sane" Fourth in Jaffrey 
and member of the committee having 
the celebration in charge for the last 
three years. He has been a member 
of the State Democratic Committee 
since 1904, and was a candidate for 
the Senate from the fourteenth dis- 
trict in 1906. He is secretary and 
treasurer of the N. H. Direct Legis- 
lation League, and in that capacity 
has spoken in over thirty cities and 
towns on the subject within the last 
two years. He believes that the 
Initiative and Referendum will give 
freedom in political life, and is a 
strong believer in Single Tax, thinking 
it will bring about economic freedom. 



George P. Hadley, delegate from 
Goffstown, was born in that town 
September 3, 1846, and was educated 
in the public schools and at Kimball 
Union Academy, Meriden, graduat- 
ing from the latter with high rank in 
the class of 1869. He entered Dart- 
mouth College with the class of 
1873, but was compelled to abandon 
the coarse by reason of ill-health. 
He taught school successfully for 
several years in New Hampshire and 
Massachusetts, and was afterwards 
engaged in surveying and civil en- 
gineering for a number of years in 
Goffstown and surrounding towns, 
having the supervision of the con- 
struction of several water-works sys- 
tems in that section of the state. His 
services have also been especially in 
demand in the surveying of lands and 
the retracing of old lines. He has 
held the office of selectman, collector, 
superintending school committee, 



member of school board, represented 
his native town in the Legislature of 
1885, and in the present Convention 
was a member of the Committee on 
Bill of Rights and Executive Depart- 
ment. He is a member of the Con- 
gregational Church, the Grange, I. 0. 
O. F., and the N. H. Historical 
Society. He now devotes most of his 
time to probate business and the 




George P. Hadley 

settlement of estates involving mat- 
ters of trust and responsibility. 

Mr. Hadley takes a commendable 
interest in all progressive measures, 
and is a recognized authority on 
matters pertaining to the history of 
his native town, having devoted 
much attention for several years to 
investigation in that direction. June 
10, 1875, he married Edna V. Carr 
of Goffstown. 



THE TOOL" 



Translated from C. A. Koehlcr's "Maerchenstrauss aus.dem Weissen Gebirge.' 

By Ellen McRoberts Mason. 



Whistling a popular air, the tourist- 
tramp stepped briskly along his way. 
Free from the cares and worries of 
his vocation, he hastened into the 
world, that great, free world where 
he hoped to win back his health 
— which had been much shattered 
—and find inward peace and rest. 
When he had left the tall buildings 
of the busy city, with their din and 
hurried life and strife, behind him, 
he drew a deep breath. He seemed 
to himself like a prisoner who knew 
himself free from the pressure of the 
prison air, and rejoices over his 
recovered, and long-time longed-for 
liberty. His humor was grown glad 
and serene — for all that appeared 
around him seemed to invite to 
pleasure. Through smiling fields, 
rich fruit-groves, the woods' shadow r y 
green, by brooks and streams, his 
way led him along, and everything 
delighted him: the glorious sun- 
shine that flooded mountain and vale 
with splendor, the fantastically formed 
clouds that floated in the deep blue 
heavens, the little flowers by the way- 
side, that breathed out their sweet 
odors to him, the splashing of the 
brooklets, merrily running over the 
smooth pebbles, the chirping of the 
crickets, and the jubilation of the 
birds — to all, he gave loving attention. 
Truly it seemed to him as if after 
having been buried year-long in a 
musty, business room, he was learn- 
ing to know and prize all these treas- 
ures for the first time. 

He had now reached a place where 
mighty towering mountains pushed 
so near to each other that their sides 
almost touched, and seemed to cut off 
his path from farther wandering, 
when his glance fell upon a wondrouslv 
beautiful, star-shaped flower, the like 
of which he had never seen before. 
The tender green leaflets of the calyx 



enwrapped a heavenly blue, crown- 
like corolla, wmich again enclosed— 
like a sw r eet secret — a group of slender 
golden stamens. The tramper stopped 
involuntarily, plucked the flower and 
stuck it in his hat. Then, oh wonder! 
it was as if at that moment the whole 
world were changed, as if a new, more 
beautiful earth fashioned itself before 
his eyes; the rock w r all opened as if 
by enchantment, and before his 
astonished gaze there extended a 
wide, luxuriant valley. Flowery 
meadows alternated with lovely, 
shady groves through which silver- 
shining little brooks wound away. 
The valley was all around enclosed 
with hills, enchanting in soft green 
woods; behind the hills rose lofty 
mountains whose dark evergreen for- 
ests were in charming contrast to 
the lighter shades of the valley, while 
in the far distance, veiled in faint 
bluish haze, was ranged a giant 
mountain chain against the whole, 
shutting off this Eden with a wall, as 
it were, from the outer world. 

The w r ayfarer felt as if he himself, 
even w r ere metamorphosed. He strode 
along with elastic step, fresh, joyful 
blood pulsed through his veins; all 
his thoughts free and untroubled of 
the past and for the future, he gave 
himself with utter abandonment to 
the enjoyment of simply glad exist- 
ence. Never had the sun seemed 
more splendid, and the w T orld with 
such glory over-flooded, never had the 
heavens shone so deep blue, never 
before had he felt so unspeakably 
happy; thrice blessed in his delight, 
he sang extemporizing from a full 
heart : 

O, thou delightful mountain air! 
O, thou blest woodland odors rare! 
Let me shout and sing for joy, 
Yodel like a very boy! 



214 



The Granite Monthly 



Little brooks babble down to me, 
Dancing down glad to the vale free; 
From windy heights, birds trill your part: 
World, O World, how charming thou art! 

So he wandered on until the god 
of day went to his coronation; then 
the vault of heaven was covered with 
a magnificent glow of color. From 
the most ravishing crimson, the tints 
were shaded to pure, transparent, 
light blue; high above, the floating 
clouds were enclosed, as it were, with 
a border of violet-blue, soft-woven 
velvet . 

Peaceful and still the evening sank 
down upon the plain, and the full 
moon overflowed the whole valley 
with her mild, silver light. The 
wooded mountains framed in the 
sleeping pastures, whose slumber no 
sound disturbed. Only now and then 
the treetops whispered low in the 
breath of the cooling wind. Friendly 
bowers embraced the wanderer in 
sweet repose, until the new morning 
invited him to wider wanderings. 

Light-heartedly he hastened for- 
ward into the wonderwork!. And as 
he himself rejoiced in this wonder- 
world, so also every thing that rose 
up along his way seemed to rejoice 
with him: the trees rustled glad 
greetings to him; the hare-bells rang 
him welcomes, the brooks chattered, 
the birds chirped him their greeting, 
wild berry brambles reached out to 
him, soliciting him to eat the berries; 
friendly fairies offered him sweet 
milk and honey cakes and fruit. 

But soon the landscape grew still 
more wonderful; impenetrable woods 
enclosed the traveller, and arched 
like a green tent over the mossy path; 
right and left, giant mountains that 
stood gleaming white in the sunlight, 
rose up perpendicularly, so that the 
narrow pass seemed wrapped in a 
dreamy twilight — only here and there 
a golden sunbeam darted trembling 
through the thick branches. 

Presently a roaring, a rushing, and 
thunder broke on the ear of the wan- 
derer, who soon perceived that the 
tumult arose from countless brooks 



and rivers that plunged with frantic 
haste down the steep rocks just as if 
it seemed to them the time would be 
too long before they could reach the 
sea. All joined together in a mighty, 
deep, powerful on-rushing stream that 
shot with wild tumult over giant tree- 
trunks and great boulders as high as 
houses, and foaming with rage and 
impatience, if an obstacle stood in its 
way. 

The wilderness grew sterner and 
more awful. Past an unfathomable, 
dark, gloomy lake enclosed in black- 
green firs, and reflecting the tops of 
the surrounding, giant mountain 
range, along by perpendicular soaring 
masses of rock, the path led, until of a 
sudden, it lighted up. What a mar- 
vellous picture presented itself to the 
wanderer's gaze! 

On one side, high above him on the 
rock wall appeared the awe-inspiring 
profile of the "Old Man of the 
Mountain"; on the other side, a wild 
mountain brook dashed foaming 
along, here in cascades, there forming 
lovely curved basins adown the steep, 
granite surface. The-e gleamed like 
silver in the sunshine, and were trans- 
parent as glass. Behind these, the 
traveller saw many thousand gnomes 
busy at their work; great numbers 
of them caught water from the clouds 
and guided it to the roots of the trees 
and plants, so that these grew and 
throve lustily; others by means of a 
long chain, guided bucketfuls to a 
place in the forest-deep in the heart 
of the woods, where the fir trees and 
beeches shut themselves in together 
in mysterious dusk, and out of which, 
like a presumptuous boy, the glacier- 
brook darted and leaped down reck- 
lessly from rock to rock. Reverence 
and silent awe held the wanderer at 
this scene ; to him had certainly been 
vouchsafed a glance into the interior 
workshop of nature. 

Farther and farther the way led 
him, and grew all the time narrower 
and steeper. He began almost to be 
afraid, for to the right and left of the 
path, huge overhanging masses of 



The "Poor' 



215 



rocks rose up and seemed to threaten 
every moment to precipitate them- 
selves into the awful depths, at the 
bottom of which, the glacier-brook 
rushed raging and roaring. 

All about him, in wild confusion 
lay heaps of boulders of every >shape 
and size, among them, enormous, 
crushed tree-trunks and their broken 
boughs — a vivid picture of destruc- 
tion and desolation. 

The mountain-climber felt almost 
frightened at the wild desolation and 
had an anxious wish to turn back, 
and then it seemed as if everything 
around him called to him — "For- 
ward, forward!" A many-colored 
snake stretched out its head to him 
and beckoned him on, sprightly chip- 
munks ran on before him, coal-black 
crows flew around his head, encour- 
aging him with their clamor, even 
the moss-covered stumps of trees, 
and curiously formed boulders, that 
seemed to have taken on human 
features, nodded to him and invited 
him to wider wandering. 

Ever mountain-ward led the rugged 
path, until the narrow pass suddenly 
opened, and an entrancing picture 
spread out before the pedestrian's 
delighted gaze. Coming out of the 
forest twilight, he was almost blinded 
from the splendor of the sunshine 
that illumined the wonderland. In 
the midst of it he saw a great pool 
of water; this was shaped out of 
rocks that glowed in wondrous colors, 
and here a.nd there — overhanging— 
formed cool, homely grottos. 

Through the crystal-clear water, 
one could look down to the emerald- 
green, gold-veined bottom of the 
basin; gold-speckled fishes tumbled 
merrily about in the depths, blue 
dragon-flies floated in zig-zag, above 
the surface; here and there — from 
behind the thick bushes which enclosed 
the pool as though with a green gar- 
land, mirrored from the burnished 
surface — nixies peeped shyly out. 
Over the edge of a high cliff, the water 
streamed in wide, foaming falls into 
the pool below. 



This was surrounded by smiling 
meadows in brave adornment of won- 
drous and exquisitely colored flowers. 
Brilliant butterflies danced in teasing 
play from blossom to blossom. Every 
thing breathed beauty, delight, hap- 
piness. 

A music that was unspeakably 
expressionful, sounded from the groves 
and resounded in wonderful, almost 
celestial harmony from the forests 
and mountains. To the wanderer 
it seemed that he had never per- 
ceived anything like it before; now 
it sounded like devout children's 
voices, and now it pealed forth like 
distant organ tones, then again 
like thousand-voiced choir-singing, in 
which he thought he could distinguish 
the voices of his own loved, lost ones. 

Seized and entirely overcome with 
emotion, he had not noticed that he 
had arrived at a steep rock wall or 
barricade. This suddenly opened, as 
it were of itself, and there was stretched 
out before his astonished gaze, a 
wide, seemingly endlessly extending, 
splendid hall, whose sides, formed of 
white-gleaming, precious stones, were 
broken by numberless niches. Mighty 
columns soared aloft and bore the 
vaulted, gold-shimmering roof. In 
the midst stood a magnificently 
ornamented, lofty throne, from which 
a venerable old man with long, snow- 
white beard, advanced to the wan- 
derer. 

The Wizard of the mountain — for 
it was he — spoke: "Welcome stranger! 
The flower in your hat has led you 
this way, and opened to you my 
rock-castle, which yet no human 
foot hath trod. Hail thee! for to 
the human being to whom it is given 
to succeed in penetrating here, I 
am able to grant the fulfilment of a 
wish. See here, two flowering t wigs 
choose the one, and you will obtain 
what you men call riches, choose the 
other, and health and a happy mind 
will be your portion." 

The wanderer, still dazed from all 
his wonderful experiences, hesitated in 
his choice; but after a little consider- 



216 



The Granite Monthly 



ation, he said to himself: "Of what 
use would be all the treasures of the 
world, without health and a happy 
mind?" and he quickly reached for 
the second twig. 

Thereat the Wizard smiled and 
said: "Your choice is a good one, 
watch the flower well. You will 
rejoice in the most excellent health 
so long as it does not wither." With 
these words he turned and dis- 
appeared. 

In a trice, the rocks joined together 
crashing over his head. As he looked 
around, frightened, and half stunned 
from the detonation, he found him- 
self in a dark, awful cavern. He 
hastened to escape from there, and 
soon the daylight greeted him. 
Every thing around him had its 
customary appearance, nothing ex- 
isted of the splendor he had seen. 

Toilsomely he made himself a path 
over nature's ruins, through stunted 
undergrowth and dead, fallen trees, to 
the valley below. His just past 
experience was to him now like a 
beautiful dream, out of which he had 
been suddenly frightened. Only the 
blossoming branch which he held 
rigidly in his hand, assured him that 
those wonderful things had really 
taken place. 

Grown stronger from his tramp, he 
returned home; new courage ani- 
mated him, and strengthened him for 
the work that lay before him, a 
bright future seemed to him to beckon 
him on, now that he was recovered 
in body and mind. The branchlet 
presented him by the mountain wizard 
he planted in the best soil, tended 



and guarded it like the apple of his 
eye, and, while he worked, enjoyed 
the refreshment of the spicy odor 
that streamed out to him. 

But whether it was that the plant 
could thrive only in the mountains, 
in the free forest air, or whether the 
stifling, narrow room in which the 
wanderer was abliged to live, was the 
cause, the flower began slowly to 
bow its head, and one petal after 
another to close. 

Anxiously he tried to keep the 
plant alive; he stood it in the 
the most generous sunlight his musty 
apartment afforded — sorrowfully his 
gaze was fixed on the withering 
flower — in vain, only a few leaves 
were left, and soon all had dropped off. 

And with the gradual drooping of 
the plant, the formerly gay spirit of 
the wanderer became more and more 
troubled; his cheeks grew paler and 
paler— but his eyes shone with ever 
more wondrous lustre, and his gaze, 
which rarely now rested on the objects 
of his environment, seemed to lose 
itself in the infinite distance: it was 
as if a great longing had seized him, 
for the blue mountains, the fragrant 
forests, the babbling brooks — there 
where freedom, where peace dwelt. 

And when the branchlet was wholly 
withered and the last flower petal had 
fallen and no more sweet fragrance 
was given out to him — then they 
found him sleeping the everlasting 
sleep, deep peace in his face, his look 
directed towards that heavenly coun- 
try where the beautiful, blue moun- 
tains lifted up their heads to the 
clouds. 



THE MOOD 

By Georgiana Rogers 



You must be in the right state of mind 
To profit by help of any kind; 
Even the breathing of fresh air 
Helps more when we lay aside all care. 



MY MOTHER 1 

By Rev. E. P. Tenney 



My mother's influence on my in- 
tellectual life was, first, the unceasing 
exercise of my judgment upon ques- 
tions of domestic and social right and 
wrong, and of my attitude toward 
God. Quite secondary in importance, 
but gently and systematically in- 
sisted upon, in season and out of 
season, was the early formation of a 
habit of reading this or that book 
which she selected for me as, first of 
all interesting as well as useful. Addi- 
son, Goldsmith and Milton had been 
her own early tutors, nor would she 
allow me the use of inferior books. 
So I learned from my mother really 
to study when I was a mere child. 

From her ancestors she had in- 
herited a vast fund of sterling good 
sense relating to the conduct of life. 
This led her, upon such information as 
she came to be possessed of, to walk 
by faith as well as by sight; so that 
my theoretical relation to the All- 
Father, in my childhood, was not so 
much by the specific instruction of 
any hour as through the life of my 
mother, of which I early saw much 
more than I did of my father's life, 
since he commonly locked himself 
into his study, or was riding swiftly 
to see a man, or was hustling to get 
the routine work done about the 
place. 

My religious nature was a growth, 
like a scion grafted into the living 
tree. Not through infrequent and 
spasmodic information, not through 
week by week iteration, but by 
hourly insistence on every possible 
occasion and by the habit of parental 
life, I knew that the Bible was the 
first book, the only book of paramount 
value. I was to read it whether I 
read other books or not. It was 
important that I should read it 
through before I was eight years old. 

1 Mary, the daughter of Asa Tenney, of Newbury, 
Vermont; the wife of Rev. Asa P. Tennev, pastor at 
West Concord. New Hampshire, 1833-1867. 



My mother had read it through, 
and five folio volumes of Scott's 
commentary upon the whole Bible, 
before she was eleven years old. 

I do not remember the time when 
my mother did not pray with me 
alone, at least once a week, at some 
hour apart from bedtime; and before 
I was eight years old I had, under her 




Mary Tenney 

guidance, formed definite habits of 
secret prayer at the twilight hour. 
This I kept up six years, often by a 
mere form, often with much hesitating, 
if often with the imperfect and ill 
informed faith of a child, so, too, 
often conscious of being alienated in 
my mind from God, — six years before 
I entered a path that knew no turning. 
So thoroughly was I taught to pray, 
that I clung to the twilight habit 
when I had little else to cling to. 
My mother's prayers with me and 
her own habit of private devotion 
led me to believe that prayer had as 
much to do with living as food and 



218 



The Granite Monthly 



clothing had. And my father was 
daily so earnest and business-like 
in his devotions, that to me his every- 
day relation to God seemed as real 
as his relation to any neighbor. This 
made a great impression on my child 
mind. I grew up into believing, as 
a bud gaining life from the parent 
stock. Long before I was ten years 
old, the personality of God was to 
me as real in my life as the existence 
of the sun. And there was never 
anything in my home life that shocked 
this belief. The life of my father and 
of my mother accorded with what I 
learned in the Bible as to the Christian 
life. Their larger experience had 
already long since forever decided 
for them the moral questions that I 
was now called on to decide for my- 
self, — if not once for all, then many 
times over till they would stay de- 
cided. So the immovable law of the 
moral universe was one of the living 
powers within the house, which was 
none other than one of God's many 
mansions to those who would make 
it so. As I think of it now, the very 
perfume of heaven filled the house, 
so constant was the sense of the divine 
influence, so constant the acceptance 
of the reign of the invisible moral order. 

The most dreadful thing I remember 
in my childhood was the way in which 
my mother dealt with us if we 
were in the wrong. It almost broke 
her heart, and she showed it. It was 
plain that she was easily grieved, 
grieved almost beyond expression to 
have us do wrong. It seemed to her 
as if God disapproved the acts of her 
children. There was a great ado 
about it. In that little northwest 
bedroom where I gave my heart to 
God, my mother often prayed with 
me over acts of disobedience or serious 
error. 

For example: I kept my "stick- 
horse" in an angle of the house near 
the kitchen door; and when I went 
out to gallop about the yard one 
Sunday morning before breakfast, 
my mother was grieved that I did 
not remember what day it was; and 



she took me into the little bedroom 
and talked with me about it, and 
prayed with me, that I might "re- 
member" the Sabbath day to keep 
it holy. 

My mother's face is now before me, 
filled with inexpressible grief, gazing 
upon me through the twilight out 
upon the open plains, as it was when, 
once only in a lifetime, my brother 
and I ran away at about dusk to 
play with other boys. She never lost 
her dignity. She was a queenly 
woman. Royalty never so bore sway 
as did she in her own house. She was 
never angry, never petulant: and it 
was indeed a sin to be atoned for, 
if this queen all of our hearts was 
smitten with deep sorrow over our 
petty infirmities. 

There was a certain unity of design 
in this Butternut Hollow household; 
it tended to symmetry of development. 
The family was thought of as divine; 
the home a training place, a porch 
opening into heaven; where the rela- 
tion of parents to children was lost, 
save as the older first led little feet 
into ascending paths to the higher 
schools of God. 

My mother was like an affectionate 
companion to her sons and daughters, 
wonderful in her love, sympathetic, 
always cheerful and sunny tempered, 
seeking to make the houseful of chil- 
dren happy, and careful not to over 
train them and manage them too 
much, leading and guiding without 
appearing to do so. How to do this 
was thought out, planned about, and 
talked over with the Infinite Widsom, 
an hour or more every day at brief 
intervals of being alone with God. 

It was a well balanced leading and 
guiding. Were we taught prayer? 
We were taught industry. Were we 
disciplined to reverence? To neat- 
ness, also. 

Our mother tied or untied the 
tongues of her children: "I say unto 
you that every idle word that men 
shall speak, they shall give account 
of in the day of judgment." This 



My Mother 



219 



was often cited by my mother, not 
as a poetic sentiment, or even pointed 
to as a worsted motto on card board, 
but as a sleepless Mede and Persian 
law of life that could not be changed 
till the crack of doom. 

We were early taught the impor- 
tance of embedding in our characters 
the wisdom of the Book of Proverbs 
and the New Testament apothegms 
of practical piety in domestic and 
social relations. 

In our Butternut Hollow house, 
Christmas was never frowned on; 
but the glory of other days was in- 
sisted on. Any day, every day, was 
thought to be good enough for the 
sons and daughters of the Almighty 
to play in and work in. 

Like a tranquil figure of justice 
in bronze upon the cupola of the court 
house, my mother evenly distributed 
to her children both praise and blame. 
We w r ere taught that her approbation 
meant much. Her love-tokens were 
prized. I have now a pen picture of 
a heart, deftly adorned with filigree 
work, as Colonel Dunham's fashion- 
able school at Windsor had taught 
her to make it in her early teem. 
It came to me with a sugar heart 
folded in, when I was five years old, 
and it was judiciously said that 
"Edward must be a good boy." 

She had to save up that birthday 
delicacy by blowing out candles. 
I can see her now, with a Rembrandt 
tallow-dip upon a black light-stand 
in a darkly shadowed room, stitching, 
stitching, while I was sent through 
two dark rooms to find father poring 
over his books in the light of a small 
wick moistened by whale oil, — a lamp 
little improved over the one used by 
Cicero. The errand I went on was 
to find out whether six children 
should instantly race and chase 
through those dark rooms to bid 
good night to the theologian dimly 
seeking for light. 

Out doors or indoors, I never saw 
my mother — all told during thirty 
years — manifest the slightest impa- 



tience. I do not remember that she 
ever took me seriously to task for 
playing in the dirt — her theory being 
that it might be cleaner than the 
village boys, — or getting wet; al- 
though she insisted upon it that I 
should know how to take care of my- 
self if wet. She encouraged our mak- 
ing mud dams in the brook, digging- 
snow houses in deep drifts, or rolling 
up snow forts. 

Colonel Dunham indeed had taught 
my mother to dance, but her diary 
when a little girl had expressed dis- 
satisfaction with it, as of doubtful 
interest in its relation to what was 
permanent and enduring. For boys 
at least she thought few dancing floors 
so good for fun as glare ice, or the 
frosted snow crust glinting in the 
sun or gleaming in the moonbeams. 

The most important educative in- 
fluence in my boyhood was what my 
mother and my father taught me 
about relative values. Play was 
good — in its relation to a worthy life 
work, in its relation to the greatness, 
the majesty, and irresistible ongoing 
energy of the Kingdom of God. 

They taught their children to trust 
God in their unceasing work for him, 
rather than mainly seek to make 
money for luxurious living; to be 
devoted, soul and body, to the world's 
well being rather than to perpetually 
seek the good of number one. 

I do not remember when I was not 
taught, in deciding test questions, 
to lean hard toward the side of self- 
sacrifice. By acts of self-denial, 
when I was a little child, I was taught 
to earn money to give to well con- 
sidered plans for diffusing moral light 
in a world that needed it. I could 
not have been five years old. when I 
was already conscious of definite 
purposes and large planning — follow- 
ing out the large planning of others 
concerning the great Kingdom of God, 
with its realm so much wider than my 
native village. I do not remember 
the time when I did not think of it 
as the most suitable work in the world 



220 



The Granite Monthly 



for a child of immortality, to lead a 
life of self-sacrifice for others, and 
self-devotement to some carefully 
thought out plan for the moral im- 
provement of society: and to this 
scheme of life, I felt predestined. 
I do not remember the time when I 
ever thought of life as given to me for 
anything else. 

Do we not read in ancient story, 
that the spirit of God, in the form of 
a dove, rested upon the Son of man 
in the hour of his baptism? So, too, 
with a keen sense of my own infinite 



unworthiness, I would fain believe 
that the Infinite Spirit hovered over 
my childhood paths, perhaps in the 
form of my mother; or, if not, it is 
a great joy to me that the early 
leadings of God are so associated in 
my mind with my mother's training 
and instruction, that, whenever I 
think of all that is pure, holy, faith- 
ful, and all that is noble in this life, 
I at once embody these virtues in my 
mother, to whom, next to my Saviour, 
I owe the most. 

Center Lebanon, Maine. 



THE GREAT UNKNOWN 

By Stewart Everett Rowe. 

Some one to be a friend — a lifelong friend — 
On whom to lean for comfort and for rest, 
When in the Valley or upon the Crest ; 
Some one to come and stay until the end 
That joy, success and love may meet and blend, 
So firm, immutable, steadfast and true 
That Life may be just like a sky of blue; — 
Some one — The Great Unknown — to be a friend. 

The Great Unknown, who still is yet to be, 

So perfect and so grand in ev'ry way: 

The Great Unknown, to calm Life's troubled sea, 

To speed the thought that Life is more than clay: 

The Great Unknown, to liberate and free 

And make of Life one long and happy day! 



A LITTLE WHILE 

By Frances M. Pray. 

When from the things we hold most dear 

We feel quite far away, 
And all around the rain falls fast 

From skies all dull and gray, 
If we'd but go out in the air 

And make our lips to smile, 
We'd see a flower blooming bright 

In just a little while. 

When everything keeps going wrong 

And constant troubles bring, 
And we are feeling "down and out" 

With every living thing, 
If we'd but work with all our heart 

And not forget to smile, 
We'd surely hear a bird's glad song, 

In just a little while. 



TRUST AND ASPIRATION 

By Margaret Quimby 

He who marks the sparrow's fall, 

And heeds the raven's cry, 
Will He not have care o'er us 

And all our needs supply 9 

Then why give place to doubting, 

When faith is much the best ; 
The heart in trust found wanting, 

Knows naught of peace and rest. 

Our days of life are numbered; 

And in the stress and strain, 
To build up earthly treasure — 

Beware lest we fail to gain, 

The beautiful gifts of the spirit — 
Our passport to heaven above; 

Thro the gates ajar t.hey only pass— 
Who are rich in the wealth of God's love. 

We may hold rare gems of the ocean, 
Vast wealth of the mines amass; 

Yet these can avail us nothing 
When on to heaven we'd pass. 

But knowledge is an attribute, 

Of God's eternal self; 
And they who seek this treasure, 

Secure immortal wealth. 

True knowledge makes us fitter 

Companions of the blest; 
And gives us strength to bravely meet, 

Temptation's crucial test. 

Knowledge gives the impetus, 

To keep life's upward trend; 
To make the most of every gift, 

The Father doth us send. 

Knowledge gives us sight to see, 

God's ways are always best ; 
When through life's thorny maze He leads 

His love is our compass — our rest. 

Then let us prove wise students here, 
In the world's great school of life; 

God's Paradise awaits us — 
Reward for every strife. 



222 



The Granite Monthly 




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THE EFFECT OF COMPETITION 

By Cy War man 



( !ommissions, state and interstate, 
are created for the purpose of regu- 
lating the rules, running and opera- 
tion of railways. In many eases these 
commissions are permitted to fix the 
rates and conditions under which 
certain commodities are carried, but 
one thing they fail utterly to regu- 
late, and that is service. The only 
real regulator of service is competi- 
tion. Competition has enabled the 
American railways to make a living 
and still to move freight cheaper per 
ton mile than it is moving elsewhere 
in the world, having regard to the 
cost of operation, especially the wages 
paid to employees. Wherever service 
is bad and lines are neglected, these 
conditions are improved immediately 
by the introduction of competition. 
Naturally the new line understands 
that it must improve on existing 
roads and conditions if it hopes to 
attract its share of traffic, especially 
if it expects to stimulate industries 
and create new traffic, without which 
there is no justification for its building. 
Not only will the second railway, 
properly constructed and economi- 
cally and honestly operated, improve 
conditions and render a real service 
to the existing line which has in some 
measure failed, but it will also create 
new business. All over this continent 
there are railways which have been 
constructed under most adverse condi- 
tions and circumstances that have 
made good. The old story echoed 
and re-echoed by the critics of the 
railway, which is to the effect that 
the railroad produces nothing, is a 



fallacy. The difference between the 
price of a ton of coal at the mine and 
;it the factory is all value produced 
by the railway. Native resources are 
practically worthless when far re- 
moved from a railway. The intro- 
duction of transportation facilities 
creates a new value immediately for 
these resources because it is then 
possible to transport them and put 
them to use for the benefit of man- 
kind. One would think that the 
natural resources of New Hampshire 
for instance, had been pretty thor- 
oughly exploited; and yet there are 
hundreds of square miles of territory 
practically untouched. The fore>t- 
are there, ripe for judicious cutting, 
but the cost of transporting the mate- 
rial to the markets eats up all the 
profit, and until the transportation 
facilities of this state are improved, 
until the neglected territory is tapped 
by railways which will carry these 
products to the consumers, the state 
cannot be fully developed. 

By permitting the Grand Trunk 
system to build its line across New 
Hampshire, we will be able to enjoy 
not only competition in service, but 
competition in facilities, for it is well 
known that nothing quickens a neg- 
lected line as will competition. 

The expenditure of millions of dol- 
lars in railway construction will help, 
but the development of new regions, 
the establishment of new industries, 
and the opening of new markets for 
labor and for the products of labor 
and of the soil will be a permanent 
advantage. 



NEW HAMPSHIRE NECROLOGY 



GEORGE A. GORDON 

George Augustus Gordon, born in Dover, 
N. H., July 17, 1827, died in Somerville, 
Mass., May 3, 1912. 

He was the son of Ebenezer and Sophronia 
(Anderson) Gordon and graduated from 
Dartmouth College in the class of 1846, 
when scarcely nineteen years of age. He 
commenced active life as a civil engineer, 
and in that capacity assisted in the erection 
of the Atlantic Cotton Mills at Lawrence and 
the Manchester Print Works. Later he 
superintended the construction of the mills 
of Lewiston, Me. He continued this work 
till 1854, and in the following year entered 
journalism, purchasing the Lawrence Sentinel, 
which he conducted as a Democratic paper 
during the Buchanan campaign in 1856, 
when he sold out and went to Detroit as 
draughtsman for the Detroit Locomotive 
Works. The panic of 1857 soon wiped out 
this enterprise, and Mr. Gordon went south, 
where he became assistant editor of the 
Charleston Mercury, continuing till just 
before the outbreak of the Civil War, when 
he became supervising engineer of some gold 
mines near Dahlonega in northern Georgia. 
Later he became assistant quartermaster in 
the "Home Guard," First Regiment, state 
of Georgia troops, with the rank of Captain, 
and served through the war. 

Returning north, in 1866, he located in 
Lawrence, Mass., where he engaged in literary 
work, but soon removed to Lowell to take 
charge of the advertising department in the 
J. C. Ayer's Co. establishment. 

For the last twenty-eight years of his life 
Captain Gordon had been a resident of 
Somerville, where he was for some time 
connected with the business department of 
the Somerville Journal. His later years, 
however, were entirely devoted to genealogi- 
cal work, in which he had always taken 
deep interest. For seventeen years, up to 
1910, he served as recording secretary of the 
New England Historical and Genealogical 
Society, of which he had been a member 
since 1876. He was a corresponding member 
of the New Hampshire Historical Society, 
and of various similar organizations. He was 
a Mason and was Senior Warden of Emanuel 
Episcopal Church of Somerville. He mar- 
ried, October 16, 1857, at Lawrence, Ann 
Farley Gordon, who survives him, with three 
sons. 

CLARENCE F. CARROLL 

Clarence F. Carroll, one of the ablest a r d 
most successful educators in the couu . . . 
born in Enfield, N. H., April 1, 1852, died at 
Warner, June 14, 1912. 

Mr. Carroll was the son of the late Alonzo 
C. and Mercy (Hale) Carroll. His father 
was long a prominent citizen of Warner, as 
is his brother Edward H., at whose residence 



he died from an apoplectic shock immedi- 
ately after having delivered the address at 
the graduating exercises of the Simonds 
High School. 

He was a graduate of Yale College and 
soon after graduation became principal of 
the New Britain, Conn., Normal School, 
which he made one of the leading institutions 
of the kind in the country. In 1895 he was 
called to the superintendence' of schools in 
Worcester, Mass., one of the most progressive 
cities in the country in educational lines, 
where he continued eight years, with a 
measure of success which commanded the 
attention of educators throughout the coun- 
try. In 1903 he was called to a similar posi- 
tion in the progressive city of Rochester, 
N. Y., where he enhanced his already nation- 
wide reputation as a thoroughly practical 
educator, continunig until 1911, when he 
resigned and returned to. New Hampshire, 
locating on the old homestead in Boscawen, 
where his wife, who was Julia, daughter of 
the late Nathaniel Webster, was reared. t 

For the past year he had devoted a portion 
of the time to the direction of the schools at 
Marblehead, Mass., as incidental pastime, 
and had pursued special studies at Harvard 
University and, up to the time of his death, 
had been in excellent health. He had written 
much for educational publications, and de- 
livered many addresses along various lines. 
He was the principal speaker at the "Old 
Home Sunday" service in Concord lastyear. 

He is survived by his wife, two sons, Henry 
C, of Indianapolis, and Carl H., of Boston, 
and two daughters, Mrs. Lawrence P. Tol- 
man, of Seattle and Margaret E., of Boscawen. 

JOSEPH REED WHIPPLE 

Joseph R. Whipple, familiarly known as 
J. Reed Whipple, one of the most prominent 
and successful hotel men in the country, died 
at a private hospital in Boston, June 15, 1912. 

Mr. Whipple was born in New Boston, 
N. H., September 8, 1842, the son of John 
and Philantha (Reed) Whipple. Early in 
life he went to Boston and commenced work 
as a grocery clerk, soon engaging in business 
himself, but without success. Turning his 
attention in another direction, he became an 
assistant steward in the Parker House, where 
he rapidly developed capacity for the hotel 
business, and was advanced accordingly. In 
1876 he became proprietor of the famous 
Young's Hotel, and in 1891 of the Parker 
House. Some years ago he took on the 
Touraine, and at the time of his decease was 
the proprietor of all these great Boston hos- 
telries, and prominent in other interests. He 
had always retained a deep interest in his 
native town of New Boston, where he had an 
extensive farm and frequently visited, and 
contributed liberally to promote the town's 
welfare. 




'/'L^&^&r^ 4-/ 7c<_Vfe^Xl-co^ 



The Granite Monthly 



Vol. XLIV, No. 8 



AUGUST, 1912 New Series, Vol. 7, No. 8 



HON. STILSON HUTCHINS 

The Notable Career of a Successful Son of New Hampshire 

By Henry H. Metcalf 



It is customary to preface any 
account of the life and achievements 
of a successful child of New Hamp- 
shire, whose work has been done 
outside the state, by reference to the 
many notable sons of the Granite 
State who have won distinction in 
public, professional and business life 
in other parts of the country. In 
briefly outlining the career, and pay- 
ing some small measure of merited 
tribute for the notable work of the 
late Hon. Stilson Hutchins, who 
departed this life in Washington, 
on April 21, 1912, it is pertinent 
and proper to remark that he was 
one of half a dozen men — natives 
of this state — who held conspicuous 
place in the field of American journal- 
ism, each for many years. 

Included in this brilliant group, 
aside from the subject of this sketch, 
were Charles Gordon Greene, native 
of Boscawen, founder of the Boston 
Post and for more than forty years 
its editor, born July 1, 1804, died 
September 27, 1886; Horace Greeley, 
native of Amherst, founder of the 
New York Tribune, and editor thereof 
from 1841 till 1872; born February 
3, 1811, died November 29, 1872; 
Charles A. Dana, native of Hinsdale, 
managing editor of the New York 
Tribune, under Greeley, from 1849 
to 1862, editor of the New York Sun 
from 1868 to 1896; born August 8, 
1819; died October 17, 1896; Horace 
White, native of Colebrook, editor of 
the Chicago Tribune from 1864 to 



1874; editor of the New York Evening 
Post from 1883 to 1903 ; born Angust 
10,1834; now retired; and Jonas Mills 
Bundy, native of Colebrook, served 
on the Milwaukee Wisconsin, and 
the New York Evening Post; editor 
of the New York Evening Mail from 
1868 to 1891; born April 17, 1835; 
died September 8, 1891. 

Stilson Hutchins was born in 
Whitefield, N. H., November 14, 
1838, the son of Stilson and Clara 
(Eaton) Hutchins. He came of nota- 
ble ancestry on both sides, tracing 
his line of descent back to John 
Hutchins, who was a settler in Haver- 
hill, Mass., as early as 1646, and to 
Francis Eaton of the Mayflower 
colony. His paternal and maternal 
great-grandfathers, Capt. Nathaniel 
Hutchins and Capt. Nathaniel Eaton, 
were gallant and distinguished sol- 
diers of the Revolution, both partici- 
pating in the battle of Bunker Hill, 
and serving throughout the war. The 
son of the former — Stilson Eastman 
Hutchins, married Rebecca Eaton, 
daughter of the latter, and inter- 
marriage between the families con- 
tinued in subsequent generations, 
Clara Eaton of Hopkinton, mother 
of the subject of this sketch, being a 
grand-daughter of Captain Eaton, 
and a cousin of her husband. 

Stilson Hutchins was a posthumous 
child, his father having suddenly 
died several months before his birth, 
leaving his mother in very moderate 
circumstances. Animated by the 



226 



The Granite Monthly 



heroic spirit of her ancestry, she 
bravely faced the difficulties in her 
way and inspired in the heart of her 
son that earnest purpose and ambition, 
which, with such educational advan- 
tages as he was able to secure, set 
him at an early age on the highway 
to success. She removed to Hop- 
kinton, her native town, where her 
son attended the public school and 
the famous Hopkinton Academy, then 
under the direction of that celebrated 
New Hampshire educator, Prof. Dyer 
H. Sanborn. After some years she 
married Hiram Somerby of Cam- 
bridgeport, Mass., and removed to 
that place. Following a year at 
Harvard young Stilson engaged as a 
reporter on the Boston Herald. He 
had served but a few months in that 
capacity when the family, in 1855, 
removed to Osage, Iowa; but the 
newspaper instinct had already be- 
come so strongly developed, that, 
although but seventeen years of age, 
he became editor of the Osage Dem- 
ocrat, and later on, was editor of the 
North Iowan in the same place. 

Seeking a wider field and larger 
opportunity, he removed, in 1858, 
to Des Moines, where he was editor 
of the Telegraph for three years, going 
then to Dubuque, where he became 
editor and joint proprietor -of the 
Dubuque Herald, which, under his 
vigorous editorial direction, became 
the leading Democratic newspaper of 
the state, and so continued until 1866, 
when he sold it and removed to St. 
Louis, Mo. The years of his editorial 
control of the Herald covered the 
exciting period of the civil war, and 
the Herald was an uncompromising 
Democratic paper throughout. It 
opposed the war, as unnecessary, in 
the outset, and unsparingly criticised 
the policy of its conduct, which, as 
Democratic leaders then contended, 
and never ceased to believe, under 
the machinations of Stanton and 
Zachariah Chandler, was directed 
more toward the promotion of Repub- 
lican party success than prompt 
victory for the Union arms. The 
treatment of General McClellan, by 



the administration, and the manifest 
determination that Union victory 
should not be achieved under his 
command, was condemned by the 
Democratic press of the country 
wherever the courage of conviction 
was freely exercised, and the columns 
of the Dubuque Herald furnished 
constant and convincing evidence 
that its fearless young editor had no 
sympathy with the administration 
policy. Undeterred by popular 
clamor, or by threats of personal 
violence, such as silenced many a 
Democratic newspaper or editor in 
those days, he proclaimed his opin- 
ions without hesitation. He was an 
earnest defender of General McClellan 
and gave him vigorous support as 
the Democratic candidate for Pres- 
ident in 1864, the nomination having 
been accorded him by his party, as 
a mark of confidence in his patriotism, 
as well as a testimonial to his fitness 
and ability, notwithstanding the 
humiliation to which he had been 
subjected through the wiles of his 
political adversaries. 

Immediately upon his removal to 
St. Louis, Mr. Hutchins established 
the Times, which he made a live, 
progressive Democratic paper, and 
a formidable rival of the Missouri 
Republican, then in spite of its name 
occupying the Democratic field in 
that great city. He now had a field 
of operation commensurate with his 
ambition and ability, and he made 
the most of the opportunity pre- 
sented. He not only made his paper 
the champion of progressive principles 
and policies, commanding a wide 
influence and liberal patronage, but 
entered, personally, into active pol- 
itics, in opposition to the then existing 
Democratic "machine" dominating 
the party in both city and state 
affairs, to such purpose that, in a 
triangular contest, in the fall of 1872, 
he was chosen a representative in 
the Missouri legislature from the 
sixth St. Louis district. 

He had already come to be recog- 
nized as a leading figure in the younger 
element of the party in the state, 



Hon. Stilson Hutchins 



227 



and was strongly supported for the 
speakership. In fact, his election 
to that position was generally con- 
ceded, but was finally prevented by 
a sharp trick played upon his friends 
in the nominating caucus, and which 
aroused such indignation that his 
election to the United States Senate 
to succeed Gen. Francis P. Blair was 
proposed and would have been effected 
but for his own refusal to be a candi- 
date, on the ground that an older 
and more experienced man should be 
selected for the position. Resent- 
ment of the underhanded methods 
by which his defeat for the speaker- 
ship was accomplished, prevailed to 
such extent, however, that General 
Blair, himself, some of whose friends 
were responsible for that outcome, 
was defeated for reelection, and that 
political anomaly, Lewis V. Bogy, 
finally chosen. 

Mr. Hutchins was the recognized 
leader of his party in the house; 
prominent in all legislative work. 
He was reelected in the fall of 1874, 
and in the next session served as 
chairman of the Ways and Means 
committee — the leading committee 
of the house. During this session 
he introduced and carried through 
to final passage, a measure thoroughly 
revolutionizing the taxation system of 
the state, and put Missouri abreast 
of other progressive states in this 
important direction. 

In the campaign of 1872, Mr. 
Hutchins, in his newspaper and on 
the stump, gave hearty support to 
Horace Greeley, with whom he had 
always disagreed politically, until his 
espousal of the Liberal Republican 
cause and nomination for the presi- 
dency, subsequently endorsed by the 
Democratic Convention. He re- 
spected Greeley for his honesty and 
his wonderful ability and felt that 
the direction of national affairs might 
safely be intrusted to his hands. In 
1876 he was an early advocate of 
Samuel J. Tilden's nomination for 
the presidency, and, as chairman of 
the Missouri delegation in the St. 
Louis Convention, was able to con- 



tribute powerfully to that end, as he 
did subsequently to the election of 
Tilden and Hendricks at the polls, 
and the choice of a Democratic major- 
ity in the electoral college which 
would have insured their election but 
for the fraudulent reversal of the 
result in three Southern states, then 
under " carpet-bag" control, through 
the most desperate and diabolical 
political conspiracy ever engineered 
in this or any other country. Had 
the will of the people been fully 
carried out, and Mr. Tilden inaugu- 
rated as President, there is no doubt 
that Mr. Hutchins would have 
received distinguished recognition at 
his hands, as he was one of the notable 
coterie of young Democrats in the 
country, who, rallying to his support 
with singular zeal and earnestness, 
commanded in full measure his con- 
fidence as well as gratitude. 

During his political and newspaper 
career in St. Louis, which continued 
till 1877, in the last three years of 
which he also owned the Dispatch — 
now the Post-Dispatch of that city, — 
Mr. Hutchins became more or less 
intimately associated with many of 
the most prominent journalists of 
the country, with not a few of whom 
he ever continued on terms of close 
friendship. It was during this time 
that Joseph Pulitzer, then a wander- 
ing Hungarian Jew, seeking entry 
into American journalism went to 
that city, and, after much struggle, 
at last fairly commenced the career, 
whose ultimate success so far as 
financial results are concerned, is 
without parallel in American news- 
paper history. To Stilson Hutchins, 
as much as to any other man, at 
least, was Joseph Pulitzer indebted 
for the friendly assistance which 
sped him on the way to final triumph; 
and for Mr. Hut elfins he ever cher- 
ished as much of friendly regard as 
it was possible for one of his peculiar 
nature and characteristics to retain 
for any man. 

In 1877 Mr. Hutchins disposed of 
the Times, and all his other newspaper 
interests in St. Louis, for a very 



228 The Granite Monthly 

handsome sum, as then regarded Ottmar Mergenthaler, an ingenious, 
at least, and soon after came east but impecunious German, had con- 
proposing the purchase of the New ceived the idea, and so far carried 
York World if satisfactory terms it into operation as to be able to 
could be made. He was unable, convince the intelligent observer of 
however, to effect what he considered the feasibility of his device; but had 
reasonable terms, and it was his lot failed utterly to command the finan- 
six years later to see that paper pass cial aid essential to the successful 
into the hands of Joseph Pulitzer, development of the project for the 
Turning his back upon the commer- perfection and popularization of the 
cial metropolis, Mr. Hutchins went intricate labor-saving machine which 
to Washington where he was soon has since been installed in most of 
led to the conclusion that a Demo- the great newspaper establishments 
cratic morning paper at the national and publishing houses of the world, 
capital was not only needed but though bitterly antagonized, as most 
might ultimately become a profitable great labor-saving devices have always 
investment, and, on December 6, ignorantly been, by the labor unions. 
1877, he commenced the publication Mr. Hutchins' attention had been 
of the Washington Post which he called to Mergenthaler' s invention, 
conducted with constantly increasing and his interest was strongly aroused, 
success till 1889, his elder son — He became fully satisfied of its merit 
Walter Stilson Hutchins — with whom and practicability, seeing therein not 
his relations were always of the only advantage to the world but 
closest and most confidential nature, fortune for those who should succeed 
being managing editor throughout, in fully developing the enterprise. 
The year after the establishment of He acquired a large interest in the 
the Post, Mr. Hutchins bought the patents, and set himself to the work 
National Union, a Republican paper, of organization and development. 
which he merged in the Post. In It was a long and severe struggle 
1887 he acquired control of The Critic, upon which he had entered, but, 
an evening paper, whose publication with his characteristic vigor and 
he separately continued, and in 1888 determination, he pushed forward to 
he bought the National Republican, ultimate success. He soon found 
which he merged with the Post, thus necessary a greater amount of capital 
clearing the field of Republican papers, than he had at his command, and 
In January, 1889, then controlling enlisted in the enterprise such men 
the entire morning newspaper field as Whitelaw Reid, D. O. Mills, Oliver 
at the capital, and, with The Critic, Payne, and others of their class, the 
dividing the evening field with the first perfected machines being installed 
Star, classed as independent, at that in the Tribune establishment by 
time, Mr. Hutchins disposed of his Mr. Reid, which fact gave the enter- 
entire newspaper property, selling prise its first substantial advance, 
the Post, at a large price to Frank other great newspapers soon following 
Hatton, Ex-Postmaster General, and the Tribune in their adoption. Mr. 
Congressman Beriah Wllkins of Ohio Hutchins organized the company and 
and The Critic to a syndicate headed was a director from the start. He also 
by Hallet Kilbourn. " placed all the foreign patents, making 
This sale was made in order that several trips abroad in pursuit of the 
he might devote all his resources and work. In this enterprise he made 
energy to the development of the Mer- much money — the bulk, indeed, of 
genthaler linotype enterprise, which the very handsome fortune, conserv- 
has since as thoroughly revolution- atively estimated at more than 
ized the work of composition as has $3,000,000, which he left at his 
the power press, with its multiple decease — but his profits were small 
improvements, that of printing. One compared with those of the great 



Hon. Stilson Hutchins 229 

capitalists whose co-operation he had one of the city's most successful 

enlisted. realty operators, being particularly 

Meanwhile he had turned his at ten- active in opening up new localities 

tion in other directions to no incon- for residential occupation, 

siderable extent, becoming a large Although his life work was mainly 

operator in Washington real estate, done elsewhere, Mr. Hutchins ever 

aiding materially in developing many cherished a deep and loyal affection 

sections of the city, wherein had for his native state, and at one time 

been his home, mainly, for the last made it his legal residence, his purpose 

thirty-four years — more than one-half then being to make it ultimately 

of his active lifetime — in which he his permanent abiding place. He 

took no little pride, and in the pro- leased a house in Laconia in the 

motion of whose welfare he was as summer of 1879, and occupied it, 

earnest as any man can be who is with his family, and, shortly after, 

without any direct voice in control purchased Governor's Island, in Lake 

of the government of the city in Winnipesaukee, where he subsequently 

which he lives, which is, unhappily built a substantial and costly summer 

or otherwise, as it may be, the con- residence, and made many extensive 

dition of every resident of the na- improvements, including the erection 

tional capital. He projected many of numerous farm buildings and the 

improvements, and himself planned laying out of a highway around the 

and built the Great Falls Electric ra : l- island, which contains some 600 acres 

road, up the Potomac, eight miles, of land. He engaged a farm manager, 

to "Cabin John Bridge," one of the bought a lot of blooded stock, and 

noted points of interest about the carried on agricultural operations to 

capital, which road he subsequently a greater or less extent for several 

disposed of, it being now a part of years, spending, here, considerable 

the Washington Railway and Elec- time in the summer season, and 

trie Company's extensive system. He entertaining many friends and not- 

was also actively interested in and able guests. A few years since, as 

president of a company formed for many will recall, he leased the place 

the improvement and protection of for the season for the occupancy of 

the Palisades of the Potomac, a the German Ambassador, Baron von 

natural attraction second only in Sternberg, and his suite, 

interest and importance to the famous In the fall of 1879, Mr. Hutchins 

Palisades of the Hudson. He held organized a company for the purchase 

an interest in a coal mine in Virginia, and publication of the Manchester 

and built there for the development Union. The Daily Union, then a 

of the same a railway thirteen miles small evening paper, and the Union 

in length, which is now a part of the Democrat, a more pretentious weekly 

Seaboard Air Line. Incidental to a which had been a strong Democratic 

real estate deal, in 1896, he acquired paper in the days of James M. Camp- 

the Washington Times newspaper, bell and Alpheus A. Hanscom, were 

which was conducted for a time under then published by Campbell & Hans- 

his son's management, and published com, a son and brother of the for- 

in the Hutchins Building, which he mer publishers. Upon consummating 

erected at the corner of Pennsylvania the purchase, Mr. Hutchins, having 

Avenue and Tenth street; but was secured an Associated Press franchise 

sold in 1901 to Frank A. Munsey, for the paper, immediately trans- 

and is now one of the chain of papers formed the daily into a live morning 

controlled by that enterprising pub- paper, and perfected arrangements 

lisher. Mr. Hutchins gradually ac- for its prompt transmission to all 

quired extensive properties in both parts of the state. In carrying out 

the business and residential sections his plans in this direction he pur- 

of Washington, and was regarded as chased and arranged for running a 



230 The Granite Monthly 

small car up the Concord and Mont- upon the Committee on the Judiciary, 

real main line, to carry the paper to the most important in the House, of 

the principal places along the route, which Gen. Oilman Marston of Exe- 

This plan was not long in operation, ter was chairman, his only Demo- 

however, for it soon resulted in the cratic associates being Messrs. 

putting on of a regular early morning O'Connor of Manchester and Stone 

train by the railroad, which event- of Andover; also to the Committee 

ually started out from Boston, thus on National Affairs, of which Capt. 

accommodating the morning papers Henry B. Atherton of Nashua was 

of that city, as well as the Union, chairman. He also served on a 

This train, to the present day, is special joint committee to confer 

known as the "paper train," and with the general government in 

has proven a great convenience and reference to accommodations for the 

accommodation to people in the state library. 

lower part of the state desiring to He was frequently heard in debate, 

do business in the north country and on questions of moment, on the floor 

return the same day. For this great of the House during the session, but 

convenience, as well as for a morning at no time more effectively than in 

daily within the limits of the state support of the bill reinforcing the 

(the Union still continuing as such, purity of elections law by incorpo- 

and no other paper, out of several rating the important sections which 

that have been attempted, surviving had been cut out by the Republican 

in the field) the people of New Hamp- majority when the measure, intro- 

shire are indebted primarily, and it duced by Hon. Harry Bingham, was 

is safe to say entirely, to the enter- originally enacted in 1876. This bill 

prise of Stilson Hutchins, who, if he introduced and carried through 

he had done nothing else for the the legislature, in collaboration with 

benefit of his native state, would have Mr. Bingham, who was then 



a 

accomplished more than many of member of the Senate. It was intro- 

those who have been hailed as bene- duced July 2, and reported "inex- 

factors by its people. pedient" from the Judiciary Com- 

In 1884 he disposed of his interest in mittee August 5, Mr. Gilmore of 

the Union, the direct management Manchester presenting the report, 

of which had necessarily been en- which was laid on the table, on motion 

trusted to business associates and of Mr. O'Connor of Manchester, who 

subordinates though he had outlined called it up August 26. Mr. Hutchins 

and directed its general policy. Mean- spoke earnestly against the report 

while, however, he had taken an and in favor of the measure, being 

active interest in political affairs in supported by Mr. Stone of Andover 

the state and had frequently spoken and by Mr. Hackett of Belmont, a 

to good effect, upon the stump in Republican not in sympathy with 

advocacy of the Democratic cause, the dominant party machine. Captain 

In November, 1884, he was chosen a Atherton of Nashua was also heard 

representative to the legislature from in favor of the bill, which was bitterly 

Laconia and served with distinction opposed by Mr. Gilmore of Man- 

during the session opening the follow- Chester and Mr. Bell (John J.) of 

ing January. The speaker of the Exeter. A roll call being demanded 

house for this session was Hon. on the question of the adoption of 

Edgar Aldrich of Littleton, now and the report, comparatively few dared 

for many years past, Judge of the go on record as opponents of such a 

U. S. District Court for New Hamp- measure, and the report was rejected 

shire, and the clerk, Edwin F. Jones by a vote of 40 in the affirmative to 

of Manchester, president of the recent 195 in the negative. The bill was 

Constitutional Convention. Mr. then promptly put upon its passage, 

Hutchins was assigned to service which was carried without division, 



Hon. Stilson Hutchins 



231 



and then sent to the Senate, which 
body concurred in its enactment, 
making ours one of the most stringent 
laws for the protection of the purity 
of the ballot to be found in any state 
in the Union, though, sad to say, it 
is far less thoroughly enforced than 
the friends of good government might 
wish. 

On the same day on which this 
important measure passed the House, 
through his active agency, Mr. 
Hutchins presented the state with 
a most interesting and important 
paper or document, embracing the 
signatures of the Federal Government 
officials in service July 4, 1876, the 
gift being accompanied by the follow- 
ing note which is fully explanatory: 

Concord, N. H., August 26, 1885. 
To the Honorable Speaker of the House 
of Representatives: 

I desire to present to the State, 
through the honorable body over 
which you preside, a framed exhibit 
of the signatures of the adminis- 
trators of the Federal government, 
at the beginning of the second 
century, July 4, 1876, there being, 
as I believe, but one other copy in 
existence, which is preserved, along 
with the Declaration of Independence 
adopted just one hundred years 
previously, in the state department 
of the United States. 

As this instrument contains the 
signature of the recently deceased 
General Grant, then president of the 
United States, together with the 
autographs of his cabinet, the justices 
of the supreme court, and members 
of the Senate and house of repre- 
sentatives at the beginning of our 
second century of independence, I 
have thought it would be a peculiarly 
appropriate addition to the historical 
treasures of the legislative chamber, 
where it has been placed by the 
sergeant-at-arms, and where I trust 
it will remain. 

Respectfully, 

Stilson Hutchins. 



A joint resolution of thanks to Mr. 
Hutchins, for this interesting and 
valuable gift, introduced by Mr. Hell 
of Exeter by unanimous consent, was 
read three times and adopted under 
suspension of the rules, and sent to 
the Senate for concurrence, which 
was promptly voted by that body. 
The exhibit still remained, a conspic- 
uous ornament on the wall of the 
house between the main entrances, 
until the erection of the new building, 
when it was removed, for greater 
safety from fire to the corridor of the 
same, where it is studied with interest 
by both members and visitors, and 
its historic value will be more and 
more fully recognized as the years 
go by. 

His service in 1885 was his only 
legislative service in New Hampshire. 
His name was several times brought 
forward for the Democratic Congres- 
sional nomination in the First District, 
and he received a handsome support; 
but the hostility of the existing 
" machine" to any "new comer" of 
whose control there was ground for 
for doubt, was sufficient to preclude 
the possibility of success for the 
movement. Then, as in no small 
degree at present, with all the 
"progress" supposed to have been 
made, corporation influence was dom- 
inant in the affairs of both parties, 
and no man could hope for preference 
for any important place, not properly 
endorsed by the controlling powers. 

During the more recent years of 
his life, the magnitude of his business 
affairs in Washington and elsewhere, 
and, latterly, the condition of his 
health, precluded the long and fre- 
quent visits to New Hampshire, in 
which he had formerly indulged, 
though scarcely a season passed when 
his presence, for a time at least, in 
his native state was not noted. 

Endowed with a remarkable con- 
stitution, the gift of his sturdy New 
England ancestry, Mr. Hutchins, in 
spite of his manifold activities, had 
never known a day's sickness un- 
til February, 1904, when overwork 
and exposure during severe weather 



232 The Granite Monthly 

brought on a serious illness during mouth. Preeminently he was a man 
which his life was despaired of. His who "did things," and almost invari- 
recovery enabled him once more to ably did them well. With all his 
give personal attention to his business firmness and determination, his vault- 
affairs and during the next six years ing ambition and restless energy, he 
he made many important additions was a man of kindly heart and gener- 
to his realty holdings in Washington, ous impulses. His friendships were 
A portion of the summer of 1905 he many and strong, his benefactions 
spent on Governor's Island which he notable, his charities unlimited, but 
again visited in 1908 and, for the last unadvertised. His manner was most 
time, in September, 1910. In 1909 genial, his habits democratic. He 
he went to Europe spending some lived generously and entertained with 
months in Germany, England and a liberal hand. He was chiefly instru- 
France, returning to Washington in mental in the establishment of the 
December. Home for the Blind in Washington, 

In March, 1911, he suffered an at- contributing the larger part of the 

tack of cerebral hemorrhage, resulting cost of the building, gave the city the 

in partial paralysis, from which he marble statue of Benjamin Franklin 

never recovered; yet he lingered, which stands at the corner of Tenth 

though several times seemingly at the Street and Pennsylvania Avenue, 

point of death, until just before mid- and also the splendid bronze statue 

night on the 21st of April, last, when, of Daniel Webster at the intersection 

after many hours of complete uncon- of Sixteenth Street and Massachu- 

sciousness, the end came and the setts Avenue, in the center of one 

tired spirit, which in the zenith of its of the finest residential sections. He 

powers knew neither rest not fatigue, was impelled to make the latter gift 

was at final peace. through his conviction that the Web- 
ster statue in the State House park 

Stilson Hut chins was a vigorous at Concord, and its replica in the 

and forceful speaker, as well as writer, rotunda of the Capitol at Washington, 

His style was lucid, compact and do scant justice to the real figure of the 

comprehensive, carrying both point great expounder of the Constitution 

and weight. He might have achieved — New Hampshire's most- illustrious 

the highest distinction, either as an son — for whom, having seen him in 

editorial writer or a popular orator, his boyhood days, upon some notable 

had he been content to bend his occasion, he entertained a measure 

energies in such direction; but he of admiration and respect, bordering 

was too full of restless energy and almost upon veneration, 

the fire of action thus to confine Mention of these gifts of statues 

himself. It was for him to plan, to brings to mind the fact that the 

project and organize, to select the artistic temperament was developed 

men to carry out the work contem- in Mr. Hut chins in a remarkable 

plated, and leave to them the mere degree, manifesting itself particularly 

mental drudgery or sustained effort in his rare judgment as to the real 

requisite to the full accomplishment merit and value of both statuary 

of his purposes, though he never failed and paintings. Of the worth of the 

to maintain effective oversight of their latter he seemed to have instant 

work. intuitive knowledge. In his extended 

He was a man of great physical travel through the old world he visited 
power and endurance, as well as all the famous art galleries, and his 
intense mental activity, determined familiarity with the great master- 
purpose and unbending will, as indi- pieces was noted among connois- 
cated by his solid, well-set physique, seurs and experts. He bought exten- 
large head, strong features, bright sively, both for his own delectation 
expressive eye, square jaw and firm and the benefit of friends, always 



Hon. Stilson Hutchins 233 

relying upon his own judgment and three children — Walter Stilson, born 

rarely, if ever, being deceived. at Des Moines, Iowa, August 10, 

Some sons of New Hampshire have 1860; Lee, born in Dubuque, October 

acquired more wealth; some have 2, 1862, and Clara, also born in 

gained greater distinction in public Dubuque, February 13, 1866. The 

or professional life; but, considering latter married Robert F. Rogers of 

his life work "by and large," it can New York and died July 13, 1892 

safely be said that few, if any, have leaving a daughter, Mildred, a grad- 

accomplished more that has made uate of Radcliff e College, class of 1912. 

for the material progress of the people Mrs. Teresa E. Hutchins secured 

and the advantage of the world at a divorce in 1882, and has since lived 

large than the earnest, active, deter- in her home in the town of Hopkinton, 

mined man, who was born in com- N. H. Mr. Hutchins subsequently 

parative poverty in an obscure town married twice. 

of the "north country, " and departed Walter Stilson Hutchins, the elder 

this life at the nation's capital son, the personal confidant, and close 

seventy-three years later. business associate of his father for 

Mr. Hutchins was married on ' over thirty years, a resident of Wash- 
October 7, 1858 to Teresa E. Martin, ington, is the leading executor of 
of Osage, Iowa, by whom he had his will. 



THE CHANGED PRAYER 

By Amy J. Dolloff 

A woman, lonely, longing for a friend, 

Loved one who seemed the loveliest of earth; 

Loved her intensely, wholly, lavishing 

The rich affection, — pent up, unexpressed 

Thro' many years — upon this chosen one, 

And every day she prayed with heart on lips: 

"Almighty Father, keep my one friend true 

To me who dost on her dear self rely 

For help and comfort, yes and courage too, 

Thro' life that without her would cheerless be. 

Oh do not, do not let her ever fail! 

Or else sweet life would lose its hold on earth; 

The last strong cord that binds me here would snap; 

Thy mercy, too, a dear delusion seem. 

O, spare me God, I plead, so sore a rack! 

And keep her faithful to our friendship's vow 

And Thy Great Name forever, evermore, 

I'll love and laud and praise and magnify." 

The years went by till, like a crushing weight, 

The knowledge came and could not be denied 

That this supremely honored, precious one, 

This gem of treasured love without a peer, 

Had proved unto her friend unkind, untrue. 

And when the cherished idol crumbling fell 

The woman had no help, no refuge left. 

And then despair o'erwhelmed — deep, blank despair. 



234 The Granite Monthly 

O'er reason's power a thick, dark veil was drawn. 
But God the Merciful left her not long- 
Alone in suffering, and soon her prayer became : 
"Dear Lord and Master! falls the idol now 
I raised in sin between Thyself and me. 
Repenting, grieving, I return to Thee. 
Wilt Thou not in great love forgive, receive, 
And by Thine own sustaining power divine 
Keep me, leaning on Thee, unto the end? 
But O, my Father! in Thy gracious love 
Look also on my dear but erring friend 
And bring her back unto her better self, 
For she is noble, alt ho' now she falls." 

While she prayed thus the months and years rolled by; 

Yet still, unmindful of the soul's protest, 

The friend drew farther from the paths of peace, 

Until the woman by her anguish torn 

Cried: "Pitying Saviour, Thou canst do all things! 

In Thee, in Thee alone, are rest and hope! 

I pray not now for my unworthy self. 

I even ask that Thou wilt cast me out 

To utter darkness, everlasting, vast, 

If thus her precious soul may rescued be. 

O, by remembrance of Thy life on earth 

When for the woes of men Thy tears did fall ; 

By memory of Thy wrestlings fierce and long 

When in Gethsemane Thou strove alone ; 

By all the agony Thy tender heart 

Hast ever known and felt for such as she 

To my sad, tempted friend, O come, come Lord! 

And to Thyself, O make her grandly true ! 

Not true to me nor to her failing self 

But true and faithful, Holy Christ, to Thee!" 

And the unselfish prayer by love inspired 

Was heard and answered by the God of prayer. 

Pure, whole and spotless then became the friend 

Whose wanderings, forgiven, were blotted out. 

And strong in strength that comes alone from God — 

True by the power that flows from Fount of Truth — 

She could no more to her own self be false 

Nor false again to any other one. 

New Hampton, N. H. 



LOST RIVER 



By J us/ us Conrad 



Lost River is a name applied to a 
series of caverns of comparatively 
recent discovery in the northwestern 
part of the town of Woodstock in the 
beautiful and picturesque Kinsman 
Notch. For more than half a century 
the Kinsman Notch gorge has been 
recognized as a deep ravine into 
which at some remote age hundreds 
of gigantic boulders of a fine quality 
of granite had through some interior 
disturbance of the earth been promis- 



families, and his brother, Capt. Lyman 
Jackman, now of Concord, N. H., to 
whom belongs the honor of calling 
the world's attention to what they 
applied the name "The Lost River/' 
surely the most appropriate name that 
could be given it. 

A careful examination of this hid- 
den wonder of nature's mysterious 
and pre-historic convulsion reveals 
.wonders second to none in our state 
of its nature, and to no other natural 




About to Enter Lost River Gorge 



cuously hurled into a deep gulch, the 
result being that the little stream 
known as the West Branch of the 
Pemigewasset was buried for a quar- 
ter of a mile near its source. 

While it was known that this gorge 
was more than an ordinary freak of 
nature, the importance of this great 
upheaval as a natural wonder was not 
appreciated by the nature-loving pub- 
lic until within recent years, when it 
was carefully explored by Royal C. 
Jackman of one of Woodstock's oldest 



wonder unless it is the "Old Man of 
the Mountain." It is located six 
miles northwest of North Woodstock 
village, and twenty miles southeast 
from Woodsville, and can be reached 
by automobile to within three miles 
on either side, and then by a more 
or less rough carriage road. This 
carriage road connects the northern 
end of the Pemigewasset Valley at 
North Woodstock with the Ammonoo- 
suc Valley at Wildwood, the construc- 
tion of which was begun a few years 



236 



The Granite Monthly 



ago, through the joint efforts of the 
town of Woodstock and the State, but 
afterward abandoned on account of 
the State refusing further aid. 

No pen picture, artist's brush or 
photographer's camera can do jus- 
tice to Lost River. No written arti- 
cle or anything on canvas or paste- 
board can, or ever will, show up the 



darkness, the gorge must be visited, 
explored and carefully studied. From 
the standpoint of geological, minera- 
logical and historical science The Lost 
River gorge affords more food for 
study than anything of like nature 
in New Hampshire at least, and possi- 
bly in New England. 

It is not the purpose of the writer to 




Royal C. Jackman 



natural beauties or wonders that lie 
hidden beneath the shadows of Kins- 
man Notch, except in a very vague 
manner. In order to appreciate in a 
full sense the caverns, waterfalls, huge 
blocks of granite, the numerous and 
enormous pot holes probably formed 
during the glacier period thousands 
of years ago, and the deep recesses 
through which the stream flows in 



attempt a pen picture of Lost River 
for, as before stated, no such picture 
can do the subject matter justice, but 
I will, however, briefly call attention 
to the different points of interest, 
trusting that those readers who have 
not already visited the gorge will 
endeavor to do so in the near future. 
Among the thousand, and possibly 
more, that have explored Lost River 



Lost River 



237 



I have yet to learn of one that did 
not feel highly repaid for the journey. 
The gorge is entered at the northern 
end where the stream plunges beneath 
huge boulders and is lost from view 
and is not seen again except in cav- 
erns until it appears on the exterior 
at "Elysian Land." Passing over a 
series of bridges and ladders the visi- 



people can gather and by use of a 
torch view the little river as it glides 
along beneath large boulders on the 
northern side. At certain times of 
day the light that comes in through 
the crevices enables one to see his 
shadow in the water, hence the name. 
From this point we ascend a ladder 
and come to the exterior where with 




Capt. Lyman Jackman 



tor descends to "The Hall of Ships," 
thirty feet below point of entrance. 
This is a deep, narrow gorge resem- 
bling somewhat "The Flume" of 
Franconia Notch, and gets its name 
from a large boulder that resembles 
the stern of a ship leaving port. The 
next is a "presto change" act through 
a small tunnel into "Shadow Cave." 
This is a large room in which fifty 



a shudder we view "The Guillotine" 
and pass swiftly on down, down over 
another series of ladders into "The 
Judgment Hall of Pluto," which is 
fifty feet lower than the point of 
entrance to the gorge. This is a room 
in which the river again appears in the 
shape of a large pool. The architec- 
ture of this room is simply grand, 
boulders of even' conceivable size and 



238 



The Granite Monthly 



shape hanging from overhead. But 
hark! What is that we hear? We lis- 
ten, look, a torch is lighted, we rush 
forward. There at the northern end 
of the hall, back behind a gigantic 
boulder, the "Falls of Proserpine" are 
tumbling for twenty feet, while we 
are showered with a cooling mist. 
We retreat up, up the ladders and on 
through the "Cave of the Shades" 
and thence into "The Dungeon" and 
rest in "The Hall of Lethe" (forget- 
fulness). Here the shadows thrown 
upon the water of the dungeon by the 
sunlight streaming down through the 
deep crevices produce a most beautiful 
picture. 

Again we retreat up a long ladder 
and emerge into "Elysian Land" on 
the exterior, where the river glides 
gracefully along among the moss- 
covered rocks soon to be lost, how- 
ever, in the "The Center of the Earth 
Cave." Again we pass over a series 
of well-kept walks and bridges through 
"Elysian Land" and hide ourselves 
in the "King's Chamber," from 
whence we can view by the use of a 
torch the deep pool in the "Center of 
the Earth Cave." This is a large cave 
in which a small boat could float. 

We pass next to the "Giant's Pot 
Hole " which from a geological point of 
view is one of the chief wonders of the 
gorge. Here we rest and wonder, and 
then pass on through "The Narrows" 
and into the "Cave of Silence." While 
not so picturesque as the others, this 
cave is in some respects the most im- 
pressive of any in the series, on ac- 
count of the deep stillness. Not a 
sound of the river can be heard except 
the distant murmur of the falls as the 
water escapes from its long imprison- 
ment farther down the gorge. It is at 
this point that the river is so much 
lost that no one as yet has been able 
to absolutely determine its exact 
course. 

We now enter the "Cave of Lost 
Souls" and, while the name might 
make us shudder, we continue on and 
find that this is a continuous series of 
rooms accessible to any that do not 
mind a hard stunt. All things con- 



sidered, this is the most wonderful 
cave in the gorge. Retreating from 
this cave with our souls still with us, 
we climb to the "Upper Bridge" that 
spans the gorge twenty feet above the 
bottom. From this point we look 
into "The Gulf" forty feet below into 
Avhich the waters of "Paradise Falls" 
tumble perpendicularly for twenty 
feet. We pass to the "Lower Bridge " 
that spans the gulf, from whence we 
view the "Long Lost River" as it 
emerges from the "Cave of Silence" 
and the other caves beyond. This 
view, looking up the gorge, is pro- 
nounced by many to be the most 
picturesque of any. We now ascend 
from the gorge through a winding 
path to "Point Lookoff." It is here 
that a magnificent view of Kinsman 
Notch and the distant Waterville 
Range can be had. No notch in the 
White Mountains affords such a grand 
distant view as does Kinsman Notch 
at Point Lookoff. 

Thus the writer has made a feeble 
effort to pen a brief picture of Lost 
River, and now rests with the hope 
in view that the effort will encourage 
the Granite Monthly reader to pay 
this wonderful gorge a visit and sub- 
stantiate the assertion made at the 
outset of this article that no pen or 
brush can do justice to the subject 
matter. 

The future development of Lost 
River seems to be an assured fact in 
view of the great interest now being 
taken by the Society for the Protec- 
tion of New Hampshire Forests which 
has acquired through the legacy of a 
Dover, New Hampshire, lady, Mrs. 
Caroline Martin, a tract of 148 acres 
of land surrounding the gorge which 
includes about 1,000,000 feet of prim- 
eval timber on the northern slope of 
the Notch. The Society has just 
expended over S700 in clearing up the 
debris, constructing walks, bridges, 
paths and ladders; also in repairs on 
the road, which work was supple- 
mented by aid given by the town of 
Woodstock. 

July 17 last the Society visited the 
gorge in large force. Many people 



Lost River 



239 




Governor Bass and Party at "Paradise Falls," Lost River, July 17, 1912 

Governor on bridge at right, Ex-Governor Quinby at left 



240 



The Granite Monthly 



of national repute were present includ- 
ing Mrs. Grover Cleveland and daugh- 
ter Ruth who motored over from Tarn- 
worth, their summer home. Among 
other people of note were Gov. Bass, 
Ex-Gov. Quinby and Ex-Gov. Frank 
Rollins and his brother, E. W. Rol- 
lins, Elwin L. Page, Allen Hollis, 
Capt. Lyman Jackman and State 
Forester E. C. Hirst of Concord. 

The Society held a very enthu- 
siastic meeting in the parlor of the 
Deer Park Hotel in the evening, Gov. 
Rollins presiding. The address of 
welcome was made by Gov. Bass who 
was followed by other speakers who 
spoke glowingly of Lost River, among 
them being Ex-Gov. Quinby, Mr. W. 
R. Brown of the State Forestry Com- 
mission, Elmer E. Woodbury of Wood- 
stock, Montgomery Rollins and Prof. 
Findley of Columbia College. The 
work of the Society on the Lost 
River Reservation and arrangements 
for the Deer Park meeting were under 
the direction of Mr. Philip W. Ayres, 
Forester for the Society, who were un- 
bounded interest in the development 



of Lost River. In this work he has 
been aided in no small measure by 
the town of Woodstock. 

The one important link now need- 
ing welding in order to make the chain 
of development complete is for the 
state to aid in completing the road 
begun a few years ago. When this is 
done the beautiful but neglected 
Kinsman Notch will come into what 
has rightfully belonged to it for 
years. 

As testimony proving the great in- 
terest now being taken in Lost River, 
Mr. E. W. Rollins, a brother of Ex- 
Gov. Rollins, has contributed a sum 
not to exceed $1,000 for the purpose 
of erecting a cabin for a shelter at 
Point Lookoff, at the head of Lost 
River Gorge. 

When Lost River, the second in- 
rank among the "Seven Wonders" 
of the White Hills of New Hamp- 
shire is properly developed, one long 
stride will have been made in the con- 
servation of these natural beauties 
so richly bestowed upon our state by 
the God of Nature. 



THE DOOMED FLY 



By Georgiana Rogers 

Yes, we know you're "but a little fly," 
But, just the same, you're doomed to die. 
We used to think you were quite harmless 
Until the Scientist did inform us 
That you're a "vile and vulgar creature" 
And haven't "one redeeming feature;" 
That you're filled with bad diseases 
And you fling them to the breezes. 
It's no use! We can't help fretting 
While you're living and begetting, 
So, little fly, you're doomed to die, 

That's all. 
And for you there's no "recall — " 

That's all. 



MEMORIES OF ANCIENT AND MODERN 

GREECE 

By F. B. Sanborn of Concord, Mass. 



In the years 1890 and 1893 I visited 
Greece, — in the first year spending 
some five weeks there, and in 1893 
nearly five months (Dec. 13, 1892— 
May 3, 1893) there and in the regions 
eastward. In both tours I saw much 
of Greece and the Greeks, — of the 



which I rambled along with my friend 
Manattj the American Consul at 
Athens, but for 20 years past, Greek 
Professor at Brown University. Of 
the more unmixed ancient Greek race 
I saw the immortal works of art, very 
impressive even in their fragmentary 




An Athenian Lady 



modern race (a very mixed one) 
among thousands of the inhabitants 
whom I met, at Athens, Corinth, 
Patras, Argos, Xauplia, Tripolis, 
Sparta, Olympia, Yolo, Constanti- 
nople, Larissa, Pelion and Ossa, Chae- 
ronea, Thebes, Tanagra, Chalcis, Del- 
phi, Lebadeia, Cithaeron, Eleusis, 
and Attica in general; over much of 



state; and the little changed scenery 
of their poesy and history, — their 
brilliant skies, clear atmosphere, wide 
and magically colored waters, pictur- 
esque mountains and indescribably 
splendid sunrises and sunsets. I had 
read from boyhood in the literature 
of Greece; beginning with Homer and 
Plutarch, and going through, in college 



242 



The Granite Monthly 



and afterward, with many of the his- 
torians, philosophers, orators, drama- 
tists and lyric and ethical poets. I 
was therefore not ill-prepared for a 
study of Greece on the spot; and had 
been prepossessed in favor of the 
modern Greeks by an early reading of 
Byron, and a long acquaintance with 
Dr. S. G. Howe, the American of all 
others most familiar with Greece 
between 1824, when he first landed 
there, and 1867, when he organized 
aid for the Cretan revolutionists of 



ancestors had been the first historic 
promoters. Their country was re- 
covered piecemeal and in tattered 
shreds, from the despots and monsters 
that had torn it limb from limb; even 
now the process of winning back the 
islands and some portions of the main 
lands is going on with a result for the 
present uncertain and tantalizing. 
Every now and then, in the flight of 
centuries a new claimant comes 
forward for some share in the spoil of 
these fair lands. It was Persia, then 




Stoa of the Athenians, West View, Delphi 



that year, and resided there again 
for the fifth and last time. The 
Greeks of the present day have suf- 
fered al) the misfortunes, except anni- 
hilation, that a people can endure. 
After ages of subjugation and of de- 
grading slavery, they were recalled 
to a nationality restricted, misap- 
preciated, poverty-stricken, and from 
time to time insulted and imperiled. 
Over their despised heads were fought 
the conflicts, often petty and humiliat- 
ing, of that civilization of which their 



Egypt, Rome, France, Venice, Turkey,. 
Russia, England and now united 
Italy, who has been capturing island 
after island in the Archipelago; with 
Austria in the background, waiting to 
see what she can pick up in the next 
division of the plunder. One begins, 
under this condition of things, to ap- 
preciate the sympathies of the small 
boy who, looking at a savage picture 
of Daniel in the Lion's Den, burst out 
crying, "That poor little lion in the 
corner isn't going to get one little bit." 



Memories of Ancient and Modern Greece 



243 



The upshot of this long agony is 
distinctly favorable to the kingdom of 
Greece. She gains a little more ter- 
ritory every twenty years, and her 
honorable poverty is lightened a lit- 
tle every ten years. Her agriculture 
and forestry are better than they 
were : her currency nearer par, her in- 
dustries improved in methods, though 
now suffering from too much emi- 
gration; and her statesmanship more 
forecasting and reasonable. Her pres- 
ent premier, Venezelos, a Cretan, is 
the superior of those who have 
preceded him since I left Greece in 
May, 1893, and he has the almost 
unanimous support of the people, as 
shown by the elections of two months 
ago. His difficulties are great, especi- 
ally the Cretan dilemma, in which the 
contingency of war with Turkey 
awaits the gratification of Crete's 
dearest wish, — to be annexed to 
Greece. And war with Turkey at this 
time might involve one of those hide- 
ous "sacred wars" which the Moslems 
are forever threatening, and which 
might involve the civilized world in 
massacre and general carnage. 

Looking over, of late, a large mass 
of my correspondence with a deceased 
sister, to whom I had been sending 
letters for more than 60 years, I 
found a few records of my rambles 
in Greece amid the ancient memories 
and recent discoveries, which have so 
illustrated the prehistoric and legen- 
dary centuries of Levantine existence, 
I copy these fragments, which may be 
worth publishing: 

Tiryns and the Plain of Argos. 

I March, 1890). 

"Railway from Xauplia to Corinth, 
March 31, 1890. 

Dear Helen: 

I have visited Tiryns this morning 
before breakfast, as it lies on a low 
hill in front of a considerable moun- 
tain, about two miles north of Xaup- 
lia, the port of the Plain of Argos, 
on the Argolic Gulf. I had come 
down by steamer from the Piraeus 
two days ago, and spent yesterday at 
Mycenae and Argos. going out early 



by rail to Phyctia, the station nearest 
to the citadel of Mycenae, where 
Dr. Schliemann thinks he has dis- 
covered the fossilized remains of no 
less a chieftain than Agamemnon, 
who led the Greeks at the ten years' 
siege of Troy. The learned do not 
share his belief; but he has certainly 
found much in his excavations there 
that throw light on the period in 
which it has been customary to place 
that fabulous siege. I roused the 
phylax or guardian of the discoveries 
at Mycenae about 8 a.m., three hours 
before tourists began to arrive by 
carriages from Nauplia and Argos; 
and so had him all to myself for 
several hours, and saw the graves, 
the odd-looking cemetery in the cita- 
del, where Agamemnon was unburied, 
the Treasury of Atreus, the Lion- 
Gate, and finally Agamemnon himself 
in a rough wooden box under a simple 
shed in the modern hamlet of Charvati 
a third of a mile below the Citadel. 
I had already seen and studied the 
gold, silver, bronze and pottery im- 
plements, weapons, masks, ornaments 
etc., in the museum at Athens, where 
I had been for three weeks before 
starting on this excursion. 

Tiryns is not very large, nor was 
it a town, in our sense of the word, — 
but rather in the Irish sense, — that 
is, the residence of a chieftain, forti- 
fied for his defence, in which he lived 
with his wives and chief vassals, while 
his people dwelt around and below 
him, on the Plain of Argos, in mud- 
built houses, or other perishable 
homes. The fortress of Tiryns was 
built for permanence, and its walls 
remain untouched by fire, earthquake, 
and the other destroyers of human 
structures. Its history, except as 
revealed by these ruins, is almost 
blank; no inscriptions are found, and 
unless in sonic picture or symbolic 
alphabet, it is thought that its people 
could not write Greek. The walls 
are immense unhewn rocks, 26 feet 
thick and from :->() to 50 feet high 
with towers and a moat. The palace 
on this foundation had water brought 
into it from the neighboring moun- 



244 



The Granite Monthly 



tain, and there was a bath-room about 
twice as large as mine at Concord, of 
which the blue marble floor is still 
unbroken, with a spout at one corner 
to carry off the waste water. Of this 
palace nothing remains but the floors 
and thresholds; the upper walls have 
long since fallen and crumbled into 
rubbish, and the lower galleries have 
been used to lodge sheep, brigands, 
tramps and wolves for centuries. 

The whole castle covers about as 
much space as what the Atlantic 



in Troy. We have called on Madame 
Schliemann at her home, which in- 
cludes a museum of antiquities. 

The town and Acropolis (Larissa) 
of Argos, the latter 950 feet high, are 
about five miles from Tiryns, due west 
across the Plain, which at Argos soon 
rises from a hillside slope, to higher 
mountains. East of Tiryns, watered 
by a stream, is perhaps two miles more 
of this plain, which is therefore at 
least seven miles wide in that place. 
Farther north, around Mycenae, it 




The Approach to Delphi from Itea 



has not washed away of our "Boar's 
Head" at Hampton Beach; and Naup- 
lia is just about as far away as Hamp- 
ton Village, and the old Toppan and 
Moulton houses from Boar's Head. 
The Citadel of Mycenae is a much 
larger and higher "burg," backed by 
a mountain; and it is believed that 
Troy was a burg much like Mycenae, 
but more solidly built and rebuilt. 
Schliemann has excavated both, and 
is now absent from his great marble 
palace at Athens, extending his work 



is wider in spots, — perhaps ten miles — 
and its length north and south, from 
the seashore by Nauplia, is perhaps 
15 miles, much of it green with wheat 
and barley, and dotted with stone 
windmills, not unlike the Old Mill at 
Newport; which, in this breezy day 
are busy grinding last year's grain. 
This grain-growing, horse-breeding 
plain is thus a respectable county 
in itself, — containing 120 square 
miles; and with mountain slopes and 
narrow valleys beyond and around, 



Memories of Ancient and Modern Greece 245 

aggregating possibly 100 miles more, the substitution of some mineral for 
It is probable that the prehistoric the real teeth.* 
Pelasgian chief of Tirvns once ruled , T TI .,. 7 _ TI 
all this territory; as Agamemnon may A emea > Hexamiha and Dr. Howe 
have done a thousand years later; Later, (11.30 a.m.,). We have ad- 
but we know nothing about that, nor vanced some 20 miles from Nauplia, 
much that can be reckoned historical and are now among the mountains 
about that king himself or his Cly- beyond the Plain of Argos, in which 
temnestra. Hercules slew the Nemean lion, three 
I will report a conversation between miles east of our railway track. We 
me and the phylax yesterday forenoon, have left the Plain five miles behind 
as he was showing me the alleged us, and are entering on a smaller and 
grave of that queen, outside the cita- more uneven terrace, some 500 feet 
del, in the bottom of which an higher up; not so fertile, but still 
anemone was blooming which he cultivated, and, as we are not far 
gathered for me. Our talk was from Arcadia, with many flocks and 
mainly in French, for my modern shepherds. This terrace or plain 
Greek, though sufficient for reading extends, winding about, for some eight 
books and the daily newspapers, of miles, and to beyond St. Basil, the 
which Athens has many, did not next station north. In coming to 
answer for learned converse, — and Nemea, we ascended a steep grade 
my guide and philosopher, though his through a famous and deadly pass, 
suit was a patched blue cotton drill- where Colocotroni, Dr. Howe's old 
ing, such as in New Hampshire is worn enemy, met and slaughtered the 
for overalls, was a man of real scholar- Turks, with their horses and camels, 
ship. As he escorted me to the grave in 1822, before Howe arrived in Greece 
of the vengeful mother of Iphigenia, It was near the Corinth end of this 
he pointed downward and said line that Howe, in the spring of 1829 
' Tombeau de Madame Agamemnon? established his colony of Greek refu- 
I looked at him 'significantly,' as gees at Hexamilia, where the Isthmus 
novelists say, and replied, 'No, of of Corinth is just six miles wide, — 
Madame Aegisthus'. At once he hence the name. I found at a lib- 
fell back on Greek for repartee, and rary in Athens the printed correspond- 
said, 'fipeita, alia kakoos'; 'After- ence between Howe and Capo d'ls- 
ward, — but she made a bad job of trias, regarding the land which the 
it.' The remains of Agamemnon are Greek government gave Howe for his 
a puzzle. It seems like a petrifica- colony, and concerning which he had 
tion, and perhaps is a fossil. A very so much vexation. It was through 
thin semblance of the human figure this region of mountain and plain 
and face, on the surface of a mass of that he used to journey by day and 
stone, — the face, when found, covered night procuring supplies from Nauplia 
with a thin gold mask, having rather and Argos for his poor colonists, 
majestic features, — but of which on In one of these journeys he exposed 
the stone itself, the most striking himself to malaria, and had a danger- 
feature is a conspicuous row of teeth, ous fever; on recovering from which 
seemingly perfect as in life, — but he left Greece, was quarantined in 
probably, in truth, a petrification by Malta, and proceeded through Italy 

*Professor Manatt sends me this footnote: "You should give a footnote on that petri- 
fied Agamemnon. The full account found in Schliemann's Mycenae reads thus (pp. 
296-298): 'To my great joy, it held out (i. c, did not crumble to pieces) for two days, when 
a druggist from Argos, Spiridon Nicolaou by name, rendered it hard and solid by pouring 
on it alcohol in which he had dissolved gum-sandarac' He then tells of .the difficulty of 
cutting it out, boxing, and transporting it to the village of Charvati, whence it was to be 
forwarded to the Athens Museum. Query: Is it in the Mvcenae room there? I cannot re- 
call it. It was still at Charvati, April, 1893. F. B. S." 



216 



The Granite Monthly 



and Switzerland to Paris, where, the 
next year, he took part with Lafayette 
in the July Revolution, which made 
the Marquis for a few days the dic- 
tator of France. By the 8th of 
March, 61 years ago, Dr. Howe and 
his Scotch friend David Urquhart 
were at Hexamilia with 100 poor 
Greeks at work there, clearing up the 
ruins of war; and seven families had 
arrived, and were putting up their 
little cabins. By May 21, he had 



return to Athens by Lebadea, Chae- 
ronea and Thebes. 

3. I tea, Delphi and Arachova 

Itea, 9.30 p.m. Here we are at 
the foot of Parnassus, on our way to 
Delphi, but compelled to pass the 
night in this noisy and filthy village, 
for want of horses to go on up through 
the Sacred Grove of olives to the vil- 
lage above, by moonlight, which is 
lovely tonight. My sail with the 




Dr. Schliemann's Palace at Athens 



nearly 300 persons there, and 15 
comfortable houses built, with much 
land planted, and everything but 
Howe's own health doing well. The 
Colony was four miles from old 
Corinth, and near the port of Cen- 
chreae, but I have not yet been able 
to find and visit it. In Corinth I 
am to meet Profs. Orris of Princeton 
and Perrin of Yale, and go with them 
up the Gulf to Itea in a Greek steamer, 
for a visit to Delphi, on the side of 
Parnassus, tomorrow, and then a 



two American Greek professors from 
Corinth, (50 miles) was calm and 
beautiful, — but Itea is a dirty little 
fishing port, and we are obliged to 
sleep three in a room, and to hear 
the carousal of gamblers and topers 
half the night. In the morning early 
we start for Delphi in a carriage 
brought over from Salona, an ascent 
on a good road for ten or 12 miles. 
Delphi, Noon, April 1. The road up 
which we were driven hither is an 
excellent one, winding up around the 



Memories of Ancient and Modem Greece 



247 



foot-hills and steeper slopes of Par- 
nassus, for 12 miles, three of which 
were old, and the other nine just 
built by the State. As we alighted 
at the Castalian Fountain, the peas- 
ant women were raking off the 
last pebble stones. We asked who 
built this fine highway, and were 
answered, 'E kyvernesis, (the Gov- 
ernment) ' ; then, lest we should mis- 
take the king for the administration, 
it was hastily added, 'Tricoupes'; for 



varying view as we ascended. Here 
we are 2,000 feet above the Gulf of 
Corinth, and above us the shining 
crags of Parnassus rise in view 1,000 
feet more while the summit, invisible 
here, is 8,000 feet above sea-level, 
and still has patches of snow. Below 
us on the opposite side from where 
the Castalian waters come down a 
cleft in the rocks, a valley sinks sheer 
down 1,000 feet, green with wheat 
and olive trees, and on the slopes of 




Column of the Naxians, Delphi 

F. B. Sanborn and Prof. Orris in the Middle Ground 



that real statesman and his active 
and political sister Sophia, were then 
governing, and we had seen them at 
their house and in the Parliament in 
Athens. I had indeed gathered some 
early anemones and presented them 
with a sonnet, to Miss Sophia. Had 
.we walked up from Itea our foot 
way would have been steeper, but 
shorter, hardly more than seven miles. 
We paid for our drive of not quite 
three hours, 96 cents each, or $2.88 
for the party, and greatly enjoyed the 



the mountain on that side, towards 
the village of Arachova, shining ledges 
and boulders of many colors lie bask- 
ing in the April sun, like huge animals. 
The modern village of Kastri, 
perched above the old temples and 
theater, is wretchedly small, with 
some 300 villagers, among whom are 
several pretty children, and at least 
one beautiful girl, whom we found 
spinning on her grandmother's long 
distaff, near the Fountain Delphyssa, 
where a dozen women were washing 



248 



The Granite Monthly 



on a Tuesday. Iouletta, — Juliet, — 
such was her pleasing name, — being 
asked if she would part with her 
ancient distaff, said she had a better 
one in her home; and tripped away 
to her cabin to fetch it. When 
brought, it proved to be a new, short, 
lemon-wood thing, painted, — not like 
her old one, carved and heart-shaped 
at the upper end ; evidently a wedding 
distaff, made from a fir tree cut on 
Parnassus; and this she agreed to sell 
for three drachmas, which then, in 
paper money, were worth 50 cents. 
So I bought it and we went off to dine 
with the phylax in his wooden mu- 
seum, of two stories, in which he 
lived, cooked meals and had beds 
for tourists. We made a good dinner 
of chicken, but decided to pass on to 
Arachova for the night, where was 
said to be a good inn, — which we did 
not find, but a verj'" indifferent one, 
where however we passed the night 
with some comfort, though but little 
food. 

Returning to the Delphic ruins 
after dinner, we were beset by spin- 
ning women who wished to sell their 
distaffs. As I had paid three 
drachmas, at first they were offered 
for that, then for two, and at last 
for one; but there was none but my 
treasure which was worth buying. 
I carried it like a sword, and it often 
passed for one. We explored the 
terraced town for such ruins as were 
then above ground, and even in a 
cellar we found some of the seats of 



the small theater, which Prof. Perrin 
photographed, along with two of the 
fountains, two views of the Stoa of the 
Athenians, one of the Naxian Column, 
and a general view of the city, as we 
approached by the new road from 
Itea. Delphi is a succession of ter- 
races, like the seats of a Greek theatre, 
and lies in the open sunlight in one 
of the most picturesque, wild spots 
in the world, and for 1,000 years 
was the sanctuary of a race's bright- 
est religion and most oracular shrine. 
We leave it with regret, to return to 
Eleusis and Athens through Beotia, 
down the eastern side of Parnassus, 
and finally through a pass of Mt. 
Cithaeron and the Thriasian Plain." 

When I returned to Greece in De- 
cember, 1892, the French had begun 
their excavations and discoveries at. 
Delphi; the old village of Kastri 
had been removed. I expected to 
revisit it ; and also to explore the oppo- 
site side of Parnassus, where, in a 
cavern high up on the mountain, near 
Velitsa, the Greek chieftain of the 
Revolution, Trelawny's intimate 
friend Odysseus, made his fortress, 
which Trelawny stocked with arms 
and ammunition, and where he was 
in 1825 nearly assassinated by Fenton 
and W T hitcombe, British desperadoes 
in the pay of the enemies of Odysseus, 
who was himself murdered in his 
prison on the Acropolis of Athens. 
I afterwards searched out his grave in 
Athens. But I was prevented by acci- 
dent from visiting Parnassus again. 



THE "OLD HOME" CALL 



By Earl Anderson 

Come back! Come back to the hills of home; 

Come back to the fields of green ; 
Come back to the dancing brooklet's side 

And the fair lake's rippling sheen! 
Come back to the ''Old New Hampshire Home,' 

Where warm hearts fondly wait; 
Come back for a breath of the olden cheer 

And strength for any fate! 



A LEGEND OF OLD DURHAM 

By Theodora Chase 

Long years ago, in Durham, 

Hard by the Little Bay, 
And facing Old Piscataqua, 

A peaceful valley lay. 
And there a fort was standing 

For use in Indian raid, 
Where all could flee for safety, 

And battle unafraid. 

One night when all was darkness, 

And stars shone bright and clear, 
The people of the hamlet 

Awoke in deadly fear. 
The women shrieked in terror 

As they heard the frightful yell 
Of painted warriors, savage, 

While brave men 'round them fell. 

And one man heard the tumult 

At the fort beside the stream, 
He heard the Indian war cry 

And children's frightened scream! 
Thought he, "To my poor neighbors 

Xo succor can I give 
But I may save the garrison 

For those who yet shall live." 

So he gathered wife and children 

And his mother to his side, 
"Now get you to the boat," he said, 

"But I will here abide. 
Dear Bridget, flee to Newington, 

Across the river row 
While I here hold the garrison 

'Gainst this inhuman foe." 

Quoth Bridget then, with flashing eyes, 

"I'll never leave your side! 
Till all the enemy have fled, 

With you I will abide! 
I too can fire a musket, 

I am no coward, sir! 
Think you I'll flee my life to save? 

Xo, not one step I'll stir!" 

"The children tender," pleaded he, 

"No mercy has the foe, 
Most cruel tortures, if I fall, 

These babes must undergo. 



250 The Granite Monthly 

And the mother on whose bosom 
My infant head was laid 

I fear not my own tortures, 
But for these I am afraid ! 

"Now Bridget show your courage 

By doing as I say, 
You'll do me better service 

By this, than if you stay; 
So kiss me, dear brave helpmate 

And row the boat across 
While I deceive the Red men 

Lest they should know our loss," 

With tears and lamentations 
The valiant wife obeyed 

While Thomas in the fortress 
The savage foemen stayed. 

From place to place, he sped along 

And firing as he ran, 
By constant change of coat and hat, 

He seemed another man. 
So many voices did he feign 

So many aspects show, 
"The garrison is fully manned!" 

Cried out the baffled foe. 

Quite breathlessly they ran away 
Not once they looked behind 

And Thomas Bickford held the fort 
Alone, by force of mind. 

Beside the tranquil stream they lie, 
The white men and the red, 

Their ashes mingle in the dust, 
Their loves and hatreds dead. 

But valiant deeds can never die, 

And while the river flows, 
While sunlight floods the distant hills, 

And light breeze o'er them blows, 
The little child at mother's knee 

Shall hear in simple phrase 
How Thomas Bickford saved the fort 

In early Indian days. 



RECOLLECTIONS OF AN OLD HOUSE 



By George Wilson Jennings 



It was during a journey northward 
some years ago that an opportunity 
was afforded me of visiting for the 
first time an old Colonial house of 
which I had often heard in my child- 
hood and had longed in vain to 
realize. It was then called, as I 
remember, the Ebenezer Smith Home- 
stead. It stands on the main street 
of Durham, Hampshire, and is of 
simple architecture, with no adorn- 



gladly availed myself of this privilege 
of surveying the spacious gardens, 
which still preserved their Eighteenth 
century primness, and the broad ter- 
races that swept down from the high 
road which formed the boundary of 
the estate. 

The interior of this ancient dwelling 
is not less notable for its simplicity 
of arrangement and detail. In the 
entrance hall a fine stairway winds 




Ebenezer Smith Homestead, Durham 



ment save its entrance, a portico 
which has been pronounced by emi- 
nent Boston architects to be one of 
the most beautiful and perfect of its 
type in all New England. 

As the ponderous front door swung 
open in answer to my knock I found 
myself in the presence of a venerable 
lady who smilingly recognized the 
credentials I had brought and ex- 
tended to me not only the most cor- 
dial of greetings, but also the freedom 
of the house and grounds, and I 



round a massive chimney to the 
upper chambers. Under one of the 
landings I noticed two leathern fire 
buckets lettered in green with the 
name, "E. Smith, 1775." 

To the left is the parlor, a low- 
studded room, the walls paneled on 
one side to the ceiling. On the other 
hand hangs the portrait of Ebenezer 
Smith by Copley. The furniture 
is of rich old mahogany, odorous 
with age and mostly of haircloth 
covering; the effect being severe, 



252 



The Granite Monthly 



almost chilling, with the suggestion of 
Puritan influence, relieved by evi- 
dences of worldly taste. Between 
the two front windows hangs 
a rare and beautiful mirror and 
a Chippendale card table, exquisitely 
inlaid. 

An ante-room, containing another 
staircase of the early New England 
style, divides the parlor from the 
living-room, a large square apartment 
which faces the east and is lighted by 
many windows which, for greater 
security, are provided with inside 
folding blinds. The wall paper is of 
the medalion pattern, representing 
figures on horseback, stage coaches at 
full speed and distant landscapes, the 
quaint design harmonizing with the 
cheerful aspect of the apartment. 

In the corner stands an old clock, 
a wedding present to Ebenezer Smith 
from his father, and which a tablet 
informs us, was made by "C. Howse, 
London, England, 1774." It is in a 
fine state of preservation and, after 
one hundred and twenty-five years, 
still keeps perfect time. 

As every one knows, trie living- 
room in New England houses is the 
principal apartment in the house. 
Here the weddings of the family were 
celebrated, receptions were held, and 
here gathered intimate friends upon 
the occasion of important family 
events. At one time the walls were 
covered with shelves containing rare 
and valuable books, and comprising 
a collection not to be surpassed in 
point of selection by many of the 
choicest private libraries in New 
England. 

The old prints on the wall repre- 
sented "A View of Wilton in Wilt- 
shire, the Seat of the Rt. Hon. Earl 
of Pembroke, Published according to 
Act of Parliament March the 1st, 
1759," and "View of the Canal and 
of the Gothic Tower in the Garden of 
His Grace, The Duke of Argyl at 
Whitten, printed for Robert Sayer in 
Fleet Street, John Boydell in Cheap- 
side, Henry Parker in Cornhill, Car- 
rington Bowles, in St. Paul's Church- 
yard." 



Ascending the ancient stairway to 
the sleeping rooms, I was delighted 
not only to find them well lighted and 
of ample dimensions, but that the 
guestchamber was furnished with a 
highpost bedstead of English birch, 
mahogany highboy and the ancient 
hood chair, the scene before me 
being a veritable reflex of the Colo- 
nial period. All of the upper rooms 
were similarly furnished. 

By the courtesy of my hostess I 
was shown an old family record 
which informed me that Ebenezer 
Smith, (the grandfather of the present 
occupant was born in Loubberland, 
Oyster River, in New Hampshire, in 
1758. He attended the school of 
Master Moody at Byfield, Mass., 
until he was 17 years old; that he 
pursued the study of law in the office 
of Mr. Sullivan, afterwards General 
John Sullivan, until the breaking out 
of the Avar when he followed his 
patron to the field, becoming and 
remaining his aide-de-camp until peace 
was declared; that, returning to 
Durham, he resumed his studies, was- 
admitted to the bar and subsequently 
became a prominent jurist and was 
offered a seat on the bench of the 
Superior Court which, however, he 
declined, preferring the quiet routine 
of his practice and the seclusion of 
his home to the cares and respon- 
sibilities of a judicial career. His 
father was Deacon Ebenezer Smith, 
who was born in England in 1712. 
His mother was Margaret Weeks 
of Stratham, New Hampshire. Tra- 
dition has it that the earliest ancestor 
of the family in Durham, New Hamp- 
shire, was George Smith of Wil- 
loughby, Lancashire, England. That 
the family had dwelt for some 200 
years at Old Haugh, in the County 
of Chester, being related to the Hat- 
tons of the same county, but who 
afterwards removed to the county of 
Lincolnshire. 

Among the heirlooms of the Smith- 
Hatton family, handed down through 
successive generations and until lately 
in the possession of a direct descend- 
ant, is the Hatton Coat of Arms, a 



Recollections of an Old House 



253 



Coat of Mail, a silver tankard and a 
set of silver buttons, an old silver 
watch marked "Thomas Jones, Lon- 
don," and an old cutlass, which were 
brought from England at the time of 
the emigration of Ebenezer Smith 1st. 
In June, 1825, the windows of the 
old house looked upon an unusual 
pageant in the quiet streets of the 
old New England town, for the local 
military had been called upon to wel- 
come General Lafayette who, in a 
tour of the states, was passing through 
Durham, with an escort. In the 
record of the event the full name of 
the soldier statesman was mentioned 
as the Marquis Maril-Paul Roch 
Xves-Guilbert Mottiers de Lafayette. 
The stars and stripes and the French 
tri-colors floated together, and an 
address was read by one of the 
Selectmen from the steps of the Town 
Hall, to which Lafayette responded 
with much feeling in the following 
address : 

Amidst the continued emotions of my 
happy journey to the United States I cannot 
but be particularly affected by the circum- 
stances that recall to my mind dear and solemn 
recollections — such as on this day, my visit to 
the town of Durham, X. H. Here as you 
observe was the residence of the excellent 
patriot and soldier Scammell, my personal 
friend; here now slumber the remains of my 
illustrious friend and brother, Major General 
Sullivan. So, sir, among the kind references 
to past times, for which I am much obliged to 
you, I have marked the name of Brandywine 
— a battle where I fought under Sullivan's 
immediate command. 

I am highly flattered and gratified, sir, 
by the affectionate welcome I received from 
the Selectmen and people of Durham and 
while I most cordially enjoy these so very 
friendly testimonies of their esteem and friend- 
ship, I beg them and you, sir, to accept my 
respectful acknowledgments and goodwishes. 
(Durham, New Hampshire, June 23, 1825.) 

Lafayette. 

Paul Jones visited this house and 
town on his way to take command of 
the America, but upon his return to 
Portsmouth, N. H., the ship was 



turned over to the French govern- 
ment. L'pon this visit Ik 1 presented 
Mrs. Smith with a gold and blue 
enameled locket which is still in pos- 
session of the family. 

Gen. John Sullivan was here a fre- 
quent guest, and the close friendship 
continued between Mr. Smith and 
Mr. Sullivan until the latter's death 
in 1795. 

Mr. Ezekiel Webster, a brother of 
Daniel Webster, was many times in 
Durham and a guest at the home of 
Mr. Smith. In Mr. Smith's diary 
having the date of 1785 he writes, 
"My old friend, Ezekiel Webster, 
has been our guest for a fortnight. 
His visits are at all times full of in- 
terest. He has related to us about 
his trip through northern New Hamp- 
shire and a visit to his birthplace at 
Salisbury, N. H." 

Durham was ever patriotic, not 
only in the struggles with the forces 
of King Philip, of the Wampanoags, 
when led by a Frenchman, they en- 
tered the town and massacred many 
of the inhabitants before they were 
finally repulsed; in the Revolutionary 
War, as related above, in the case of 
General Sullivan and his aide-de-camp 
Ebenezer Smith; but also in the Civil 
War, when a number of her prominent 
citizens responded to the first call for 
volunteers. No less than fifty of 
Durham's sons went into active serv- 
ice in the War of the Revolution, 
twenty of whom lost their lives. 
Among the officers of high rank were 
Adams, Sullivan and Scammell, all of 
whom were from Durham. In 1860 
Durham did not fail her country, but 
sent her men to help save the Union 
from dismemberment. Of Durham's 
soldiers some returned to their homes 
maimed for life. Two noble and 
brave men should be especially men- 
tioned — Henry B. Mellen and David 
O. Davis. Others gave their lives, 
one of whom was George Pendergast 
of the 2nd N. H. Co. D, who was 
killed at Williamsburg, Va., and was 
the first soldier to be buried in 
Durham. 

As I turned to leave the old house 



254 



The Granite Monthly 



I could not forbear musing on the sad 
story of one of its former inmates, a 
daughter of the household over whose 
bright and untroubled life fell a 
shadow, almost at the threshold of 
womanhood. A happy engagement, 
the approach of her wedding, the 
sudden recall to the West of her 
lover, a rising young lawyer, on im- 
portant family business and of whom 
thereafter no tidings were ever re- 
ceived, it being supposed that he met 
his death at the hands of the Indians 
on his return journey. Renouncing 
the pleasures of the world and being 
seldom seen afterwards except in the 
seclusion of her home, this brilliant 
and accomplished lady passed the 
remainder of her life in doing kind- 
nesses to the unfortunate and dis- 
pensing all of her available means in 
ministering to the needs of others 
until her death. 

As I bade farewell to the old Colo- 
nial town I recalled to mind the words 
of one of its life-long residents, the 
Rev. Henry S. Talbot, in a reminis- 
cence of Durham dated 1873 and 
hitherto unpublished, as follows: 

"Here have resided families of 
wealth and distinction whose repre- 
sentatives have been identified with 
the stirring events of the Eighteenth 
and Nineteenth centuries. Possessed 
of a wide experience of travel and 



study, both at home and abroad — 
artists, writers and teachers, well-to- 
do farmers, under whose roof-trees 
were to be found the ideals of home 
comfort and refined hospitality. For 
generations a community of honor- 
able men and noble women, held to- 
gether by a bond of sympathy — - 
clannish, if you will, yet requiring 
only occasion to break through the 
bars of conventionality. But alas — 
the social fabric which appeared to be 
permanent as the granite of our native 
hills, has vanished and the ancient 
landmarks are removed, leaving 
scarcely a trace behind. What seemed 
to be founded on a rock was built 
upon a stream — the stream of time, 
under the power of whose onward 
flow it has fallen apart, piecemeal, 
like a ship beaten by repellant waves. 
Houses which seemed to lack not in 
stability have disappeared. Homes 
which seemed to be dwelling-places 
for all generations, have passed into 
the hands of strangers. You knock 
at the door and they who once wel- 
comed you are no longer there. As 
you turn sadly away you meet stran- 
gers only. Familiar faces are no- 
where to be seen and the old families 
are for the most part gone — their 
memories and examples alone remain, 
memories to cherish, examples to 
follow." 



AN IDLE HOUR 



By Beta Chapin 

Upon the slope, the green hillside, 
I rest beneath my quercus tree ; 

I view the prospect stretching wide, 
The vernal hills so fair to see. 

Serene southwest! Far, far away, 
What pleasant thoughts are mine today! 

What scenes are there among those hills. 

What rural habitations neat; 
What flowing streams, what laughing rills, 

What flowery meadows, green and sweet; 



X< crology 



255 



What maple groves, and groves of pine, 
And tillage fields and orchards fine! 

And so, beneath my quercus tree, 

I pass an idle hour away; 
In thought I wander far and free, 

Upon this gladsome summer day, 
While gentle breezes, soft and bland, 

Are wafted from that lovely land. 



NEW HAMPSHIRE NECROLOGY 



JESSE B. HYLAND, M. D. 

Dr. Jesse B. Hyland, a leading physician 
and surgeon of Cheshire County, died at his 
home in Keene, July 11, 1912. 

Dr. Hyland was a son of Reuben and Clar- 
issa (Andrews) Hyland, born in Arlington, 
Vt., June 18, 1862. His father was for many 
years roadmaster of the Cheshire railroad, 
and after its consolidation with the Fitchburg 
system continued in charge of the division in a 
similar capacity. Dr. Hyland spent most of 
his boyhood in Keene, where he attended the 
public schools, graduating from the high 
school in the class of 1880. He then took a 
special course at Harvard college, in chemistry, 
afterwards entering the Harvard medical 
school, from which he graduated in the class 
of 1884. He first located at Palmer, Mass., but 
soon after returned to Keene, where' in a few 
years he had established a large and success- 
ful practice, which he held through life. He 
took an active interest in politics and in city 
affairs, being identified for a long time with 
the Republican party. He was twice elected 
a member of the board of education of Union 
school district and was chosen a member of 
common council in 1904 and of the board of 
aldermen in 1905. He was a past master of 
the Lodge of the Temple and a member of all 
the Masonic bodies in Keene and of the New 
Hampshire consistory of Scottish Rite Ma- 
sons, in which he had received the 32d degree. 
He was also a member of the Cheshire county, 
the New Hampshire and the American med- 
ical associations. 

From its inception nearly twenty years 
ago Dr. Hyland was deeply interested in the 
Elliot City Hospital and served with much 
ability on its staff and also as instructor in the 
training school for nurses which is a part of 
the institution. 

While practicing in Palmer, Mass., Dr. 
Hvland was married to Anna Alberta Whit- 



comb, daughter of Albert S. Whitcomb of 
Keene, who survives him, together with one 
son, Carl A. of Medford, Mass., and two 
daughters, Winona and Christine, the former 
a student at Simmons college. 

HON. JOHN B. MORRILL 

Hon. John B. Morrill, of Gilford, Judge of 
Probate for the County of Belknap, died at 
his home, July 4, 1911. 

Mr. Morrill was a son of the late Hon. John 
J. and Nancy Sanborn Morrill, born in Gil- 
ford, November 11, 1854, and was educated 
at the Gilford High School and Dartmouth 
College, graduating from the latter in 1879. 
He resided at the old home, and had served 
his town as representative in 1895 and 1899 
as well as in the Constitutional Convention of 
1889. He was serving his sixth term as 
Commissioner of Belknap County, and was a 
member of the special tax commission of 
1908. He was appointed Judge of Probate in 
May, 1899. He was active in Masonry and 
in Republican politics. 

His wife, formerly Miss Mary S. Rowe, of 
Gilford, died five years ago. 

CHARLES H. DICKINSON 

Charles H. Dickinson, a prominent citizen 
of Bristol, died at his home in that town, 
June 22, 1912. 

He was born in the town of Hill, April 7, 
1844, and there resided till 1871, when he 
removed to Bristol and engaged in trade as 
a dealer in boots and shoes and gents' fur- 
nishing goods, in which business he was 
successful, but of late had given attention to 
lumbering and real estate. He was promi- 
nent in Masonry, had been town treasurer 
eighteen years and represented the town in 
the Legislature of 1895. 



EDITOR AND PUBLISHER'S NOTES 



"The White Hills in Poetry — An Anthol- 
ogy. Edited by Eugene R. Musgrove, 
with an introduction by Samuel M. 
Crothers, and with illustrations from 
photographs. Boston and New York. 
Houghton Mifflin Co. The Riverside 
Press, Cambridge, 1912." 

Such is the title page inscription of one of the 
most beautiful volumes of choice poetry that 
ever came from the press. As its title in- 
dicates, it is a compilation of the best things 
ever said in verse of our grand mountains 
of the north, their sentinel foothills, the 
sparkling rivers, born in their embrace, and 
the silvery lakes in whose waters their beau- 
ties are mirrored. Their compiler is a son of 
New Hampshire, himself richly endowed with 
the poetic instinct, and the various authors of 
the one hundred and thirty-seven different 
selections presented either lived within the 
State or were familiar with its unsurpassed 
natural attractions. If there be some re- 
gretable omissions, like the splendid tribute 
of William Cant Sturoc, "the bard of Suna- 
pee," to the charming lake whose glassy 
waters his home overlooked — "Sweet Gran- 
ite 'Katrine' of this Mountain Land" — the 
wonder is that so much of real merit and so 
little dross have been included in this elegant 
little volume of 395 16mo. pages, daintily 
set in flexible seal cover, and richly worth the 
price of $1.75 to any one who loves the beau- 
ties of "Our Mountain Land," especially 
when set forth in terms of genuine poetry. 



"Old Home Week" in New Hampshire 
opens Saturday, August 17, continuing till 
Friday night of the week following. During 
this time there will be "Old Home Day" 
gatherings, with appropriate exercises in many 
of the towns throughout the state, and in 
a large proportion of these the church serv- 
ices on Sunday will be in recognition of this 
great reunion festival season. At Rollins 
Park, in Concord, there will be a special union 
service at 3 o'clock in the afternoon, under the 
auspices of the Board of Trade and the local 
Y. M. C. Associations, at which the speakers 
will be the Rev. Dr. A. H. Morrill of Franklin, 
the Prohibition candidate for Governor, and 
Rev. A. H. Wheelock, of Marlboro, Mass., 
chaplain of the Massachusetts State Grange. 



The second general primary in this state, 
for the nomination of party candidates for 
Governor, Representatives in Congress, Coun- 
cilors, Senators, Representatives in the Gen- 
eral Court, County Officers, Moderators and 
'Supervisors of Check Lists, will be held on the 
"first Tuesday in September. For the guber- 
natorial nomination only one candidate in each 
party has filed — Franklin Worcester, of Hol- 
ilis, Republican, and Samuel D. Felker, of 



Rochester, Democrat. The same is true as to 
the Congressional nomination in each dis- 
trict, Cyrus A. Sulloway, Republican, and 
Eugene E. Reed, Democrat, in the First 
District, and Frank D. Currier, Republican, 
and Raymond B. Stevens, Democrat, in the 
Second, being the only recorded aspirants, 
and as a matter of course, being practically 
sure of nomination. The situation is to be 
enlivened, and rendered decidedly interesting 
if not exciting, as the public is authoratively 
informed, by the nomination by petition, 
after the primary, of candidates for Governor 
and Members of Congress by the "Roose- 
veltians," or third party progressives, and 
such other candidates as may then be 
deemed advisable by the managers of that 
organization. It is evidently the purpose 
of these latter to throw the election of Gov- 
ernor into the legislature to be disposed of 
along with the Senatorship and State offices, 
and to hold, themselves, the balance of power 
in that body. 



"S. J. H.," in a recent issue of the Boston 
Transcript, reproduces the lines of the old 
rhyme, familiar to the school boys of two and 
three generations past, running as follows: 

You'd scarce expect one of my age 

To speak in public on the stage; 

And if I chance to fall below 

Demosthenes or Cicero, 

Don't view me with a critic's eye, 

But pass my imperfections by. 

Large straws from little fountains flow; 

Tall oaks from little acorns grow; 

And though I now am small and young, 

Of judgment weak and feeble tongue, 

Yet all great learned men like me 

Once learned to read their A. B. C. 

But why may not Columbia's soil 

Rear men as great as Britain's Isle — 

Exceed what Greece and Rome have done, 

Or any land beneath the sun? 

Mayn't New Hampshire boast as great 

As any other Federal State? 

Or where's the town, go far and near, 

That does not find a rival here? 

Or where's the boy, but three feet high 

Who's made improvement more than I? 

These thoughts inspire my youthful mind 

To be the greatest of mankind; 

Great, not like Caesar, stained with blood, 

But only great as I am good. 

What makes the lines of special New 
Hampshire interest is the fact that they were 
written in the State, to be recited by a seven 
year old grammar school boy, the author 
being David Everett, a native of Princeton, 
Mass., then teaching in the town of New 
Ipswich, where the boy in question was at- 
tending school. 




ELISHA RHODES BROWN 



The Granite Monthly 



Vol. XLIV, No. 



9 



SEPTEMBER, 1912 New Series, Vol. 7, No. 9 



ELISHA RHODES BROWN 

A Leader in New Hampshire Finance 

By John Scales, A.M. 



Elisha Rhodes Brown, third son 
and fourth child of Colville Dana 
and Mary Eliza (Rhodes) Brown, was 
born in Providence, R.I., 28 March, 
1847. The family removed to Dover, 
N. H., in 1850, and he has continued 
to reside in this city ever since, being 
practically a native of the city. He 
was educated in the public schools 
here, and although not a college 
graduate he is a well read and schol- 
arly man having a large and carefully 
selected library at his house. He 
began his business life, as many of his 
ancestors did, as clerk in a store; as 
such he served four years in the dry 
goods store of Trickey & Bickford 
in Dover. On 10th December. 1867, 
Mr. Brown commenced his banking 
career as teller in the Strafford Na- 
tional Bank, with which he has been 
connected continuously for nearly 
forty-five years. He served as teller 
eight years. January 1, 1876 he was 
elected cashier. Ten years later, 
12 January, 1886, he was elected one 
of the directors of the bank; June 
30, 1890 he was elected vice-president ; 
April 26, 1897, he was elected presi- 
dent, which office he has held con- 
tinuously to the present time (1912). 

Mr. Brown was elected one of the 
corporators of the Strafford Savings 
Bank, 25 March, 1876; trustee 31, 
March, 1883; vice-president 24 March, 
1890; president 21 October, 1891, 
which office he has held continuously 
to the present time. 

Mr. Brown has been a busy and 



efficiently hard worker in connec- 
tion with these banks, but outside 
of that he has been actively identified 
with many other important enter- 
prises. He was director in the Man- 
chester and Lawrence, Dover & Win- 
nipiseogee, West Amesbury Branch, 
Eastern New Hampshire and Ports- 
mouth and Dover Railroads. He is 
now director of the Concord & Ports- 
mouth Railroad, and Maine Central 
Railroad. He was director of the 
Cocheco Manufacturing Company at 
the time of its sale to the Pacific Mills 
Company. In these various director- 
ships he was an active member of the 
companies, and his good judgment and 
keen foresight had much influence in 
their successful management. His 
ability as a banker and business 
manager are widely known. 

Governor Sawyer and Council ap- 
pointed Mr. Brown the Commissioner 
for New Hampshire, 5 February, 1889, 
to attend the celebration of the 
( Yntennial of the Inauguration of 
Washington as President of the 
United States. In the Constitutional 
Convention of this year he was a dele- 
gate from Ward Four in this city. 

He was an active member and 
president of the old Dover Library 
and when the Dover Library was 
merged in the Dover Public Library 
he was made one of the trustees, which 
position he has held continuously to 
the present time. Franklin Academy 
was established here in 1818 and for 
three quarters of a century was a 



258 



The Granite Monthly 



flourishing institution and did good 
work in the higher education of the 
boys and girls of Dover. In its later 
years Mr. Brown was president of 
the trustees. About 1900, the school 
was closed, the building and grounds 
were sold and the proceeds properly 
invested. Later when the subject 
of having a Public Library building 
and a High School building erected, 
was under consideration, it was, largely 
through nis influence and good judg- 
ment that the funds of the institution 
were invested in the purchase of the 



tion of dumb animals that were being 
cruelly treated by their owners, and by 
his vigorous enforcement of the law 
against them. 

Mr. Brown stands very high in 
the Masonic orders, being a member 
of Moses Paul Lodge, Free and Ac- 
cepted Masons; Belknap Chapter of 
Royal Arch Masons; Orphan Council, 
Royal and Select Masters; St. Paul 
Commandery, Knights Templar, all 
of Dover. In Scottish Rite Masonry 
he has taken all the degrees up to 
and including the Thirty-second de- 




Mr. Brown's Residence 



Hon. William Hale estate on Locust 
street, and donated to the city for the 
perpetual use of the library and the 
school. So the funds of the Academy 
continue to be used for purposes of 
education. 

Mr. Brown is and has been for sev- 
eral years, vice-president of the New 
Hampshire Society for the Prevention 
of Cruelty to Animals, in which official 
position he has done much good work 
in Dover and vicinity, in the protec- 



gree, and is a member of the New 
Hampshire Consistory, of Nashua. 
His various other duties have not 
given him time to hold official posi- 
tions in these organizations, but he 
has for many years been a loyal sup- 
porter of them. all. He has also for 
many years been a member of 
Wecohamet Lodge of Independent 
Order of Odd Fellows. 

In politics Mr. Brown is, and al- 
ways has been, a Republican, having 



Elisha Rhodes Broirn 



259 



cast his first vote for General Grant 
for president in November, 1868. 
He is still firm in the faith of the 
well established principles of that 
party. In religion he is a Congre- 
gationalism having joined the First 
Church in Dover July 5, 1873; in 1885 
he was elected one of the deacons of 
the Church; he still retains that office 
but retired from active service in 1911. 
In his official relations Air. Brown 
has rendered invaluable assistance 
in the management of financial affairs 
of this very ancient Church, and when 
he retired from active service as 
deacon the Church gave him a highly 
complimentary and perfectly just 
vote of thanks, at a large meeting of 
the members. 

When the Went worth Home for the 
Aged was established by the munifi- 
cence of Hon. Arioch Wentworth 
of Boston, in 1898, Mr. Brown was 
elected one of the trustees and has 
held that office continuously to the 
present time. The first President of 
the incorporators was Mr. Joseph 
Brown Sawyer. On the death of Mr. 
Sawyer in 1908, Mr. Brown was 
elected to fill the vacancy, and now 
holds the office. The Wentworth 
Home has a fund of over $200,000 
and is one of the most prosperous and 
best managed institutions of the 
kind in New England. There are 
at present thirty members cared for 
at the Home. 

Mr. Brown was one of the founders 
and has always been a liberal sup- 
porter and member of the official 
board of the Dover Childrens' Home, 
located in a large brick building on 
Locust street. In this from thirty to 
forty children are cared for, educated, 
and, at the proper age, placed in good 
families to be brought up to manhood 
and womanhood and become good 
citizens. 

Formerly the Pine Hill Cemetery 
was managed by a committee of the 
City Council; a change w r as made in 
the City Charter, and several years 
ago the management was placed in 
the control of a board of trustees and 
Mr. Brown was elected one of the 



members of the board, which office 
he has held continuously to the pres- 
ent. In this connection his duties 
have not by any means been sinecure. 
Under the direction of the trustees 
the cemetery has been greatly im- 
proved and much enlarged. It is 
now one of the beautiful spots of the 
city, and Mr. Brown as trustee 
has done his full share of the work 
in the planning and financing the 
improvements. 

Mr. Brown's Ancestors and 
Kinsmen 

Mr. Brown inherits his character 
and business ability from worthy 
ancestors. His father, Colville Dana 
Brown, was born in Providence, R. I., 
4 July, 1814. He came to Dover in 
1850 and for a number of years was 
an expert calico printer in the Cocheco 
Print Works, whose products com- 
manded the best prices in the country. 
Shortly after the Civil War began he 
entered the government service and 
was an official in the Commissary 
Department to the end of the war, 
serving faithfully and efficiently. 
Soon after the close of the war he was 
appointed Superintendent of the Gov- 
ernment Grounds in Washington, 
D. C, which important position he 
held until his death 2 January, 1898. 

Mr. Brown's grandfather, John 
Brown, was a successful merchant in 
Providence, and was son of Elisha 
Brown also a successful merchant in 
that city. He was son of Deputy- 
Governor Elisha Brown who was born 
in Providence in 1717 and died in that 
city in 1802. His wife was Mary Har- 
ris. He was one of the leading busi- 
ness men of Providence, a member of 
the Rhode Island General Assembly a 
number of years and Deputy Governor 
1765, 1766 and 1767. 

James Brown, an elder brother of 
Deputy Governor Elisha Brown, is 
best remembered by his four sons, 
Nicholas, Joseph, John and Moses, 
who in the Providence annals are 
known as the ''Four Brothers." A 



260 



The Granite Monthly 



brief notice of each may be of interest, 
so is here given. 

Nicholas was left an orphan at the 
age of ten years, and the youngest, 
Moses, was but seven months old when 
his father died, 27 April, 1739; but 
they had a remarkable mother, who 
brought the boys up to be staunch 
Baptists and keen business men. 
Nicholas followed mercantile pursuits 
and thereby acquired a very ample 
fortune. He was liberal with his 



two years of his life he was Professor 
of Natural Philosophy, serving with- 
out pay. 

John Brown, the third brother, was 
the most energetic of the four and 
became the wealthiest of them all, 
and it is said that he was the first 
merchant in Rhode Island to carry 
trade to China and the East Indies. 
He was a leader in the party that 
destroyed the British sloop -of-war 
"Gaspee" in Narragansett Bay, on 




A Side View of Mr. Brown's Hall 



wealth and a generous benefactor of 
Rhode Island College. 

Joseph Brown, second of the four 
brothers, was likewise engaged in 
business and in manufacturing and 
acquired sufficient wealth to permit 
him to follow his natural taste for 
science. He became an expert in 
the knowledge of electricity. He was 
also proficient in astronomy. He was 
a warm friend of Rhode Island College, 
of which he was one of the trustees 
for several years, and during the last 



17 June, 1772, and was sent in irons 
to Boston on suspicion of having been 
concerned in that affair, but he was 
released through the efforts of his 
brother, the Quaker member of the 
family. Anticipating the war of the 
Revolution, he instructed the cap- 
tains of his ships to freight their 
vessels on their return voyages with 
powder, so when the war began at 
Lexington and Concord, and the battle 
of Bunker Hill had been fought, and 
Washington assembled his army at 



Elisha Rhodes Brown 



261 



Cambridge with only four rounds of 
powder for each soldier, Mr. Broun 
sent up a generous supply of powder 
from Rhode Island, which enabled 
Washington to proceed to business 
in besieging Boston. After the war 
he served as member of Congress sev- 
eral years. But greatest of all, Mr. 
Brown laid the corner stone of the 
first building of Rhode Island Col- 
lege, now Brown University. He was 
one of the largest contributors and 
was for twenty years its treasurer. 

Moses Brown, the youngest brother, 
was brought up in the family of his 
uncle Obediah, whose daughter he 
married. When he was twenty-five 
years old he became engaged in busi- 
ness -with his three brothers, but, after 
ten years with them, withdrew and 
engaged in business by himself. He 
withdrew from the Baptists and be- 
came a member of the Society of 
Friends. Possessing large wealth he 
emulated his brother John, in the 
Rhode Island College business, and 
became the founder of the Friends' 
Boarding School in Providence, and 
his donations in support of it were 
frequent and liberal. In 1773, he 
manumitted his slaves and was one 
of the founders of the Abolition 
Society of Rhode Island. 

There is one more of this family of 
brothers who deserves mention in 
this connection, Nicholas Brown the 
philanthropist, son of Nicholas, the 
eldest of the "Four Brothers." This 
son was born in Providence in 1769. 
He was graduated from Rhode Island 
College in 1786, and in 1791 the death 
of his father left him with a handsome 
fortune. Forming a partnership with 
his brother-in-law, Thomas P. Ives, 
he became a merchant, and, by his 
wisdom and honorable dealing, made 
the firm of Brown & Ives one of the 
most successful in the country. For 
many years he was a member of the 
Rhode Island Legislature. He was 
one of the most munificent patrons 
of Rhode Island College, which, in 
1804, changed its name to Brown 
University in his honor,. His do- 
nations to the college amounted in 



all to more than $100,000. In addition 
to this he gave about $50,000 to 
other institutions. 

Deputy Governor Elisha Brown, 
uncle to the "Four Brothers," was 
son of Reverend James and Mary 
(Harris) Brown, who was a noted 
Baptist minister of Providence. The 
Reverend James was son of Elder John 
and Mary (Holmes) Brown. Elder 
Brown was a noted minister and suc- 
ceeded his father the Reverend Chad 
Brown as pastor of the First Baptist 
Church at Providence, the oldest 
Baptist Church in America. Chad 
Brown, the immigrant ancestor of 
Elisha Rhodes Brown, was an Elder 
in the Baptist Church. The dates 
of his birth and death have not been 
definitely ascertained. He died prob- 
ably in 1665; but colonial records 
were largely destroyed during King 
Philip's War, ten years later, and it 
cannot be verified. He came over 
from England in the ship "Martin" 
and landed at Boston in July, 1638. 
About this time occurred the "Ana- 
baptist heresy" and many of the 
Boston colonists removed to the 
Providence Plantations. It is prob- 
able that Mr. Brown was among these, 
for his tombstone, erected by the 
town, bears record that he was "exiled 
from Massachusetts for conscience 
sake." He probably arrived in Provi- 
dence in the autumn of 1638, when 
Roger Williams and twelve others 
executed what is known as the "initial 
deed," assigning the land acquired by 
purchase from the Indians. Mr. 
Brown at once became a leader in the 
affairs of the colony, and when, after 
three months, the restless Williams 
finding that the Church would not 
implicitly accept his teaching, again 
seceded, Mr. Brown was chosen as 
his successor. He was formally or- 
dained Elder in England in 1642, 
and assumed the pastoral office on 
his return, and was in reality the first 
Elder of the First Baptist Church in 
America. Prior to his ordination seri- 
ous dissensions had arisen in the colony 
involving a quarrel with Massachu- 
setts, and Mr. Brown was one of the 



262 



The Granite Monthly 



committee appointed to make peace. 
He was a peace maker in various other 
ways and his influence in shaping the 
early tendencies of the colony was 
marked, and it is probable that, but 
for his resolute character and judicious 
management, the daring and refrac- 
tory spirits that composed the colony 
would have come to blows on a dozen 
different questions of civil and relig- 
ious import. So successful, was he 
in adjusting the quarrels of his flock 
that the honorable title of "Peace- 
maker" was popularly accorded him. 



the troublesome Indian wars. It 
seems worthy to note that in the 
July (1912) number of the Journal 
of American History mention is made 
of the fact that Abraham Lincoln, was 
a lineal descendant of Obediah 
Holmes, through the Lincoln family 
of Massachusetts. 

Elisha Rhodes Brown is a descend- 
ant from very distinguished ancestors 
on his mother's side. ' First of these 
may be mentioned Roger Williams, 
one of the great historical characters 
of New England, being the founder 




A Corner of Mr. Brown's Library 



Mary Holmes, wife of Elder John 
Brown, was daughter of the Reverend 
Obediah Holmes who was the first 
pastor of the First Baptist Church 
at Newport, R. I., and a man of great 
influence in the business affairs of 
that part of the colony. He was one 
of the Commissioners for the General 
Court in 1655-58 to settle official 
disputes and difficulties; and again 
in 1676 he Avas Councillor for the 
General Assemblv of the Colonv in 



of the colony of Rhode Island and 
the pioneer of religious liberty in 
America. He was born in London, 
1604; son of a merchant tailor; gradu- 
ate of Pembroke College, Cambridge; 
studied law, then studied theology, 
and held ecclesiastical positions in 
England. Emigrated to New Eng- 
land with his wife Mary, arrived in 
Boston in February, 1631, and in 
April following became an assistant 
teacher, or minister, at Salem; later 



Elisha Rhodes Brown 



263 



he was assistant to the minister at 
Plymouth. In August, 1634, he be- 
came teacher, or minister, at Salem, 
where he had been assistant. His 
preaching and teaching were so liberal 
that he incurred the hostility of the 
authorities of the Massachusetts Bay 
Colony. After receiving various ad- 
monitions, which he did not heed, he 
was formally tried by the General 
Court, which decreed he should be 
banished from the domain of the Mass- 
achusetts Bay Colony. When they 
were about to arrest him he made his 
escape into what is now Rhode Island. 
If the authorities had caught him they 
would have shipped him back to 
England. So, in June, 1636, Williams 
with four companions founded the 
first settlement in Rhode Island, to 
which, in remembrance of "God's 
merciful providence to him in his 
distress" he gave the name Provi- 
dence. 

When government was organized 
the chief corner stone, laid by Wil- 
liams himself, was complete religious 
toleration, with a view to its becoming 
"a shelter for persons distressed for 
conscience.'' The result was the 
colony speedily grew, many coming 
there from Massachusetts. Mr. Wil- 
liams had very decided views on re- 
ligious and other matters, but was 
tolerant toward those who entertained 
different views. The result was that 
people came there entertaining all 
sorts of religious opinions, and were 
not slow in expressing them. Among 
the numbers were Anabaptists, that 
is those who believed that persons 
who had been baptized (by sprinkling) 
in infancy must be rebaptized by 
immersion. So in 1639, Williams was 
rebaptized by one of those Anabap- 
tists, and he in turn baptized others, 
and these formed the First Baptist 
Church in America. Nevertheless, 
he retained his connection with it 
only three or four months, and Chad 
Brown, who had been working with 
him, became the sole leader and pastor. 

Mr. Williams was at various times 
a member of the General Assembly, 
and was governor several year-, and 



deputy governor still more. He was 
a personal friend of Cromwell and 
Milton and other leading Puritans 
in England. 

Governor Roger Williams' daughter, 
Mercy Williams, married Resolved 
Waterman; their daughter, Waite 
Waterman, married John Rhodes, 
son of Zachary Rhodes of Warwick 
who was an extensive land proprietor 
and ofttimes a member of the General 
Assembly. 

John Rhodes was a distinguished 
lawyer and the King's attorney for 
several years. His son w r as noted as 
Major John Rhodes of Warwick, 
who rendered much valuable service 
to the colony in the Indian wars, and 
was a conspicuous citizen in official 
affairs otherwise, being member of the 
General Assembly. His son, Cap- 
tain Charles Rhodes, born in 1719; 
married Deborah Green in 1739. In 
early manhood he was a sea captain; 
later he became a noted Baptist 
minister. His marriage with Debo- 
rah Green connects Elisha Rhodes 
Brown with the very distinguished 
Green family of Rhode Island. 

Deborah Green was the great- 
great-grandmother of Mary Ehza 
Rhodes, Mr. Brown's mother. She 
was the daughter of Peter Green, born 
in 1682, who was grandson of Deputy 
Governor John Green of Warwick, 
whose father came from Salisbury. 
England, and w r as one of the first 
settlers in Warwick, R. I. The 
Green family is one of the most noted 
and powerful families in that colony 
and state. It is stated that it has 
had a member in everv session of the 
General Assembly from 1642 to 1912. 
One of Deborah Green's kinsmen was 
General Nathaniel Green w r ho ranks 
second only to Washington in the Rev- 
olutionary War. The connecting 
families between Captain Charles 
Rhodes and his wife, Deborah Green, 
down to Mary Eliza Rhodes, Mr. 
Brown's mother, are as follows: — She 
is daughter of Captain Elisha Hunt 
and Eliza Ann (Chace) Rhodes; he is 
son of Captain James Peter and Sarah 
(Hunt) Rhodes; who is son of Captain 



264 



The Granite Monthly 



Peter and Hester (Arnold) Rhodes, 
and Captain Peter is son of Captain 
( Iharles and Deborah (Green) Rhodes. 
These "Captains" of the Rhodes 
family were all active and vigorous 
men and have good rank among the 
business men of Rhode Island, where 
they all resided. Hes-ter Arnold, wife 
of Captain Peter Rhodes, was daughter 
of Simon Arnold, descendant of 
William Arnold, born in Warwickshire, 
England, 1587. He came to Providence 
in 1630 and was associated with Roger 
Williams as one of the fifty-four pro- 



Deputy Governor John Brown; the 
Reverend James Brown; Deputy Gov- 
ernor Elisha Brown; Colonel Richard 
Waterman; Mr. Christopher Peake; 
Mr. William Almey; Mr. Peter Green; 
Governor Roger Williams; Major 
John Rhodes; Mr. Zachariah Rhodes; 
Captain Randall Holden; Mr. Wil- 
liam Harris; Dr. John Green; Deputy 
Governor John Green; Mr. John 
Rhodes; Lieut. Charles Holden; Lieut. 
Andrew Harris; Mr. Richard Tew; 
and the Reverend Obadiah Holmes. 
In this connection it is interesting 




Rear View of Mr. Brown's House 



prietors of the Providence Plantations, 
which now constitute the state of 
Rhode Island. 

Mr. Brown is member of the New 
Hampshire Society Sons of the Ameri- 
can Revolution, also of the Society 
of Colonial Wars in New Hampshire, 
of which he was governor, 1900-1901. 
Mr. Brown's ancestors whose service 
in the Colonial period entitle him to 
membership are twenty in number, 
namely: — The Reverend Chad Brown ; 



to note that Mr. Brown's son, Harold 
Winthrop Brown, is also a member of 
the Society of Colonial Wars, and has 
to his credit on the records of the 
Society the twenty ancestors of his 
father and ten more on his mother's 
side, who are: — Governor John Win- 
throp; Governor Thomas Dudley; 
Judge and Rev. Samuel Dudley; 
Judge Edward Hilton; Judge George 
Smith; Col. Samuel Smith; Major 
Joseph Smith ; Capt. Joseph Bickford; 



Elisha Rhodes Brown 



265 



Mr. Jeremiah Burnham and Mr. 
("lenient Meserve. 

Mr. Brown has been for many years 
a member of the New Hampshire 

Historical Society. Also he was one 
of the founders of the Dover Historical 
Society and is now one of its officers. 
He is specially interested in local and 
state history and has some very valu- 
able books and manuscripts in regard 
to these matters. 

The New Hampshire Veterans' 
Association has made him an honorary 
member of that organization. Also 
the Society of the Cincinnati in New 
Hampshire has made him an honorary 
member of that patriotic order. 

He is also a member of the following 
organizations: — The National Con- 
servation Association; National Audo- 
bon Society; National Geographic 
Society; The American Forestry So- 
ciety; New England Historical and 
Genealogical Society; The American 
Civic Alliance; New Hampshire Peace 
Society, and The Bellamy Club of 
Dover. 

Mr. Brow t n's Family 

Elisha Rhodes Brown was united 
in marriage with Frances Bickford, 
at Dover, 18 October, 1870. She is 
daughter of Dr. Alphonso and Alary 
Joanna (Smith) Bickford. Her father 
was a leading citizen and highly 
successful physician of Dover for 
many years. He was Mayor of 
Dover during the beginning years of 
the Civil War, and he was a very 
vigorous and efficient magistrate in 
the performance of the duties of that 
office. The children of Mr. and Mrs. 
Brown are: — I Alphonso Bickford, 
born 23 January, 1872. He graduated 
from Yale College in 1894, and from 
Harvard Medical College in 1897. 
He practiced his profession in New- 
burvport until his death 17 October, 
1906. He married 3 October, 1899, 
Edith Lawrence, daughter of Mayor 
Huse of Newburyport, who was also 
Editor of the Newburyport News. 
They had one daughter, Elizabeth 
Lawrence Brown, born 6 July, 1903. 



The mother and daughter reside in 
Dover. II Harold Winthrop, born 
8 November, 1875. Graduated from 
Harvard College in 1897. He is and 
has been for several years treasurer 
of the Strafford Savings Bank. He 
married 15 June, 1899, Katherine Van 
Hovenberg of Eau Claire, Wisconsin, 
who is a graduate of Smith College, 
1896. They have one daughter, 
Margaret Van Hovenberg, born July 
3, 1912. Ill and IV, Raymond Gould 
and Philip Carter, born 27 August, 
1885. Both are graduates of Harvard 
College, Philip in 1906 and Raymond 
in 1907. The latter graduated from 
Harvard Law School in 1910: he is 
engaged in the practice of his pro- 
fession in New York City. Raymond 
Gould married, 22 January, 1911, 
Miss Juliette W. Duxbury of Dover. 
Philip Carter, after graduating from 
Harvard, took a two years' course at 
the Institute of Technology, from 
which he graduated in 1908. He 
married June 1, 1909, Marguerite L. 
Williams, daughter of Frank B. and 
Mary (Locke) Williams. They have 
a daughter, Mary Phyllis, born 20 
July, 1910. Mr. Brown is engaged 
in business with his father-in-law in"" 
belt manufacturing; Mr. Williams 
is head of the firm of I. B. Williams 
& Sons, one of the largest and most 
noted belt manufacturing companies 
in New England. 

Mr. Brown's House 

Mr. Brown resides on Silver street, 
one of the oldest in the city, north 
of Dover Neck. On that street are 
eight houses that are from 150 to 
200 years old, all in good state of 
preservation, and fine colonial man- 
sions. Mr. Brown's house is not one 
of that number, but it comes close up 
to the century mark in age, having 
been built in one of the early years 
of the last century. The accompany- 
ing pictures give a good idea of how 
it looks, on the exterior and interior. 
Everything is arranged for comfort, 
and visitors are sure to feel that way 
as soon as thev enter the hall. One 



266 



The Granite Monthly 



of the most noticeable and valuable 
of these furnishings is his library 
which consists of about 8,000 vol- 
umes. Not having one room large 
enough for shelving all of his books 
they are nicely arranged in several 
rooms, so that every visitor who loves 
books will be delightfully surprised 
on his first steps about the house. 
The selections are of choice literature, 
historical works having the prefer- 
ence. Many of the sets are in beau- 
tiful and costly bindings, being the 
product of the best binderies in Bos- 
ton and London. Besides making 
this large and choice collection for 



Bay at the ancient Furber's Ferry 
which was the route of travel across 
Furber's Strait, between Furber's 
Point and Adams' Point, on Mathews' 
(or Mathes') Neck, where the Adams 
House now is. Little Bay is separated 
from the Pascataqua River by the 
strait between Fox Point and Durham 
Point. The water view from Mr. 
Brown's Camp (up Little Bay and 
down the Pascataqua) is very beauti- 
ful and is encircled by many historic 
spots. 

The Camp stands very near 
where John Meader's garrison stood, 
which was burned by the Indians, 




A View of Mr. Brown's Grounds 



his house he has given to the Dover 
Public Library, of which he is a 
trustee, about 1,000 volumes of val- 
uable publications. Besides his books 
he has in his library a very large col- 
lection of steel engravings, among 
which are excellent reproductions 
of the best work of the great masters 
in art. 

Mr. Brown's Camp 

Mr. Brown's Camp is located on a 
bluff at the head of the Pascataqua 
River, which is formed by the water 
from Little Bay and Oyster River. 
Little Bay is connected with Great 



at the time of the massacre in 
July 1694. Mr. Meader and his 
family were obliged to desert the 
house and make their escape across 
the river to Fox Point, because he did 
not have sufficient means for making 
a defense against the savage enemy. 
It was rebuilt by Mr. Meader immedi- 
ately after the battle and properly 
fortified for defense, and he was living 
there as late as 1712, and his descend- 
ants in the years that followed. This 
land was originally granted to Valen- 
tine Hill by the town of Dover and 
by him was sold to John Meader in 
1660, September 20. Previous to 



Elisha Rhodes Brown 



267 



that John Meatier had a grant from 
the town of Dover, in 1656, down the 
river on the north side, which included 
all the neck of land between the 
Pascataqua and Back River, which 
ever since has been called Meader's 
Neck. The cove on the west of the 
neck is Meader's Cove, and that on 
the north is Royal's Cove. On this 
neck, the easterly point, which is at 
the mouth of Back River, is called 
Cedar Point, where the town lines of 
Dover, Madbury and Durham come 
to a point, and one can stand in 
three towns at the same time. The 
southerly point, where is the abut- 
ment of the old Pascataqua Bridge, 
is called Tickle Point, and the land 
north of it and east of Meader's 
Cove is where was located Franklin 
City, the first city ever organized 
(on paper) in New Hampshire. It 
was incorporated by the New Hamp- 
shire legislature in 1796. The bridge 
across the river there had been com- 
pleted and opened to travel Novem- 
ber 25, 1794. The First New Hamp- 
shire Turnpike-Road to extend from 
there to Concord was incorporated 
June 16, 1796, and was completed 
in 1801. From the opening of the 
bridge in 1794 to the opening of the 
Turnpike-Road in 1801, a period of 
seven years it was a bustling center 
of business, but the opening of the 
road decreased the business and the 
proposed city failed to develop as 
was hoped for and confidently ex- 
pected in the beginning. But for 
many years there was a large amount 
of travel and transportation of goods 
and produce between Portsmouth 
and Concord, all passing near where 
Mr. Brow r n's Camp is. 

Goat Island is in the middle of the 
Pascataqua River, in front of Mr. 
Brown's Camp and about half a mile 
away. The bridge was the link that 
connected it with the Durham and 
the Newington shore. It was over 
this bridge and island that Daniel 
Webster, Jeremiah Mason, Ichabod 
Bartlett and the rest crossed the 
river when they came up from Ports- 
mouth to Dover to attend courts in 



the old court house on Tuttle Square, 
now Bradley's garage. The island 
remained the property of the town of 
Dover until it was granted to Wil- 
liam Pomfrett, Town Clerk for many 
years, 5th, 5 mo. 1652. Before that 
it had been used in common by the 
townsmen on Dover Neck for pastur- 
ing their goats. It contains about 
three acres and afforded good and 
safe pasture ground for "ye goatetts." 

In the prosperous years of the 
bridge the Pascataqua Bridge Tavern 
stood on the island. This was built 
by the proprietors of the bridge and 
both tavern and bridge were opened 
for business in 1794. The bridge 
continued to be used until February 
18, 1855, when 600 feet of it, on the 
Newington side, was carried away by 
ice. The tavern was burned to the 
ground several years before that. 

As Mr. Brown sits in his Camp and 
looks to the southeast he has in view- 
Fox Point, a high bluff of land a half 
mile long, which lies between Little 
Bay and the Pascataqua River. It 
is one of the beauty spots of New 
Hampshire. It is now owned by 
Hon. Woodbury Langdon of Ports- 
mouth and is his country residence. 
It is so called in a deed of land Sep- 
tember 14, 1642, which shows it was 
a well established name for it then. 
The origin of the name is unknown, 
but it is supposed that the hunters 
in the earliest years of the settlement 
of Dover drove the foxes thej r pur- 
sued into this long, narrow neck and 
caught them, they having no chance 
for escape. It is said that the Indians 
long before that caught wild animals 
here in the same way. This land 
was the common property of the 
town of Dover until the 10th of the 
8 mo. 1653 when ''Thirty acres of 
upland on Fox Povnt" were granted 
to John Bickford Sr. Mr. Bickford 
and his wife Temperance, May 13, 
1677, gave it to their daughter Mary, 
wife of Nicholas Harrison. Mr. and 
Mrs. Harrison resided there until 
his death in 1708, when it passed, by 
will, to their daughter Elizabeth, 
wife of Col. John Downing, and the 



268 



The Granite Monthly 



Downings lived there several genera- 
tions, until about 1840. 

John Bickforcl, Sr., is Mrs. Brown's 
immigrant ancestor. It was to the 
home of Nicholas Harrison and his 
wife Mary Bickford that the Meaders 
and Bickfords and Edgerly and others 
fled when they escaped from the 
awful Indian Massacre at Oyster 
River in July 1694, not having suit- 
able protection at home. As one 
sits in Mr. Brown's Camp it is not 
difficult to call up a picture of the 
women and children being rowed 



Joseph Smith of Oyster River, a 
kinsman of Mrs. Brown, on her 
mother's side. It was a descendant 
of Col. Downing, Mr. Samuel Down- 
ing, who died in 1864, who was the 
last survivor of the soldiers of the 
Revolutionary Army. Councillors 
Downing and Smith w r ere guests at 
the historic wedding at the Went- 
worth Mansion, Little Harbor, when 
Governor Wentworth and Martha 
Hilton w r ere united in marriage by 
the Reverend Arthur Brown, the scene 
of which is so beautifully described 




Mr. Brown's Summer Camp on the Pascataqua 



across to Fox Point, in the common 
boats of the period, as the war whoops 
of the savages were heard and the 
flames of the burning garrisons along 
the river were seen behind them. 

There was the home of Col. John 
Downing who for twenty years was 
one of Governor Benning Went- 
worth's Councillors, a man of remark- 
able ability and of great influence in 
the province. One of his intimate 
friends and co-laborers was Councillor 



by Longfellow in his poem, "Lady 
Wentworth." 

Mr. Brown's Camp is near the 
mouth of Oyster River, on the south 
side of which is Durham Point, 
between which and Fox Point is the 
Narrows that connects Little Bay 
with Pascataqua River. On Dur- 
ham Point were the Bickford garri- 
son and the Edgerly garrison; the 
latter was captured and burned by 
the Indians in July 1694, while 



Elisha Rhodes Brown 



269 



Judge Edgerly and his family escaped 
in boats across to Fox Point. Captain 
Thomas Bickford, however, defended 
his garrison successfully in a very 
unique manner. As soon as the 
Captain was aroused from his slum- 
bers by the alarm guns at the upper 
garrisons, which told him the Indians 
were at hand, he hustled his wife and 
children into boats and sent them 
across to Fox Point. He closed fast 
the big door of the palisade and then 
awaited the approach of the enemy. 
When they arrived and began firing 
guns at his house he in turn fired 
rapidly as possible at them, and kept 
up a great shouting of military 
orders, as if he had a company of men; 
and from time to time he showed 
himselt to the enemy in a fresh guise, 
cap and uniform. In this way Cap- 
tain Bickford deceived them so effectu- 
ally that they thought his garrison 
was well manned with soldiers, and 
so gave up the attempt to reduce it. 
Captain Bickford was a kinsman of 
Mrs. Brown. 

The Davis garrison stood near 
Oyster River, a short distance above 
Mr. Brown's Camp. It was there 
that Lieut. James Davis successfully 
defended it against the attack of the 
Indians in 1694. It was there that 
his son Col. James Davis resided, 
who in his day was one of the leading 
men of Dover and the Province. 

The Smith garrison was a short 
distance above the Davis garrison 
and in sight of it. This garrison 
was built by Joseph Smith who on 
the 31st, 7 mo. 1660, had a grant of 
land there, which has remained in 
possession of the Smith family con- 
tinuously to the present day, a period 
of 252 years, the present owner being 
Mr. Forest S. Smith. Mr. Smith 
built his house there and soon bought 
more land from the William Williams 
estate, north of his grant, from the 
town of Dover. About fifteen years 
later he converted his house into a 
garrison, as the Indians were begin- 
ning to be troublesome. It so re- 
mained until 1725 when the Indian 
wars hereabouts ceased. When the 



Indians made the attack in 1694 Cap- 
tain Smith was ready for them, hav- 
ing been aroused by the reports of 
the guns fired up-river. The Indians 
made a furious attack but were 
repulsed at all sides. So not only 
the Smith family, but also several 
others, who had fled there for pro- 
tection, were, saved. Near where the 
garrison stood is the Smith family 
burying ground, in which can be 
seen sets of grave stones the like 
of which cannot be duplicated in 
New Hampshire. There are interred 
the remains of seven generations who 
in succession had been proprietors of 
the Joseph Smith farm, beginning in 
1660. All were conspicuous citizens 
and business men of the town. Mrs. 
Brown's mother is a lineal descendant 
from Joseph Smith. 

To the east of the camp can be seen 
the site of the old meeting house on 
Dover Neck, where was the beginning 
of Dover history. That was Dover, 
when, the present center of the city 
was simply "Cochecho" in Dover. 
The meeting house that stood there 
was the center of business for nearly 
a century. Several years ago Mr. 
Brown and the late Governor Sawyer 
purchased four acres there, which in- 
cludes the site, and presented it to 
the First Church. A few years ago 
Margery Sullivan Chapter, *D. A. R., 
very generously had a splendid bank 
wall built along the east side, next to 
the road, on which they placed a 
bronze tablet with appropriate in- 
scription; they also had iron rails 
around the site on which the meet- 
ing house stood. 

The Strafford Banks 

The Strafford National Bank is 
the successor of two State Banks. 
The first of these was the New Hamp- 
shire Strafford Bank, chartered in 
1803, and the first meeting of the 
stockholders was held July 25, 1803, 
one hundred and nine years ago. 
Its charter expired in 1846, and was 
renewed under the shorter title Straf- 
ford Bank. This continued as a 



270 



The Granite Monthly 



State Bank until July 1865 when the 
name was changed to Strafford Na- 
tional Bank, and it has so continued 
under the National Government to 
the present time. So the life of the 
bank has been continuous under the 
three names 109 years. 

The first President of the New 
Hampshire Strafford Bank was Wil- 
liam King Atkinson who served 14 
years; William Hale served the fol- 
lowing 2 years; Oliver Crosby 2 
years; John Wheeler 17 years; Moses 



in their respective offices. Mr. Wood- 
man declined a re-election in Janu- 
ary 1868, and William Shepard 
Stevens was elected January 30, that 
year and continued President until 
his death in 1897, a period of 29 
years. Elisha Rhodes Brown was 
elected Mr. Stevens' successor April 
26, 1897, which office he has held con- 
tinuously for 15 years. 

Asa Alford Tufts served as cashier 
of the National Bank until January 
1, 1876, making a total of his ser- 




Living Room Mr. Brown's Summer Camp 



Hodgdon 2 years; Daniel Osborn 6 
years till the charter expired. 

The cashiers were Walter Cooper 14 
years; William Woodman 29 years. 

The Strafford Bank, under the 
new charter, and shorter name, had 
for President continuously to 1865, 
William Woodman; and the cashier 
for the same time was Asa A. Tufts, a 
period of 19 years. 

When the State Bank changed to 
the National in 1865, July 2, Mr. 
Woodman and Mr. Tufts continued 



vice as cashier, 30 years, 1846-1876. 
Elisha Rhodes Brown was chosen 
his successor and served from Janu- 
ary 1, 1876 to April 26, 1897, a 
period of 21 years. Charles Sumner 
Cartland was elected cashier when 
Mr. Brown was elected president, 
and has served continuously to the 
present time, a period of 15 years. 
So the cashiers during the 109 years 
were only five in number, viz. : Cooper 
14 years, Woodman 29 years, Tufts 30 
years, Brown 21 years and Cartland 15. 



EUsha Rhodes Brown 



271 



There have been nine Presidents, 
six of whom were of the first, or New 
Hampshire Strafford Bank, viz: 
Atkinson 14 years, Hale 2 years, 
Crosby 2 years, Wheeler 17 years, 
Hodgdon 2 years and Osborn 2 years. 
There was only one President of the 
Strafford (State) Bank, Mr. Wood- 
man. There have been only three 
Presidents of the Strafford National 
Bank, Mr. Woodman 3 years, Mr. 
Stevens 29 years and Mr. Brown 15 
years. 



President was John Wheeler who 
served five years. His successors 
are: — Moses Hodgdon 12 years; 
Daniel M. Durell 1 year; Daniel 
Osborn 2 years; Noah Martin 8 
years; John Currier 8 years; George 
D. Vittum 4 years; Ezekiel Hurd 7 
years; Daniel M. Christie 6 years; 
Zimri S. Wallingford 10 years; Charles 
W. Woodman 1 year; Charles H. 
Sawyer 3 years; and Elisha Rhodes 
Brown will have served 21 years the 
21st day of next October. Mr. 




Strafford Banks Building 



When Mr. Brown became President 
26 April 1897 the amount of deposits, 
as given in the official bank report in 
the Julv following, was $366, 130.69; 
the deposits July 1, 1912 were $815,- 
799.51, and the surplus and undivided 
profits were over $253,000. The 
capital stock is $100,000. 

Strafford Savings Bank 

The Strafford Savings Bank was 
chartered 27 June 1823. The first 



Brown's term of service is 9 years 
greater than any one of his twelve 
predecessors. 

The Savings Bank has had six 
Treasurers during the 89 years of its 
existence. They are John Wendell 
five years; William Woodman 32 
years; Charles W. Woodman 19 
years; Albert O. Mathes 22 years; 
George Fisher Piper two years and 
Harold Winthrop Brown seven years, 
now in office. 



272 



The Granite Monthly 



When Mr. Brown became Presi- 
dent in 1891, the official report 
October 12 that year showed the 
amount of deposits to be $4,230,- 
939.52. The report July 1, 1912 
shows the amount of deposits to be 
$6,913,762.02, an increase of $2,682,- 
824.50, in 21 years. The number of 
open accounts in 1891 was 8,212; the 



number July 1, 1912 was 11,695. The 
surplus July 1, 1912 was above one 
million dollars. 

The Banks are located in a beauti- 
ful building that stands on the corner 
of Washington street and Central 
avenue, and fronts on Central square. 
The accompanying picture gives a 
good idea of its external appearance. 



A DIRGE FOR THE DEAD 

(on the sinking of the titanic) 

By Harold D. Carewin the "Atlanta Constitution" 

Oh, our heads are bowed 
And our hearts are wrung, 
While Death sweeps over the barren deep; 
A prayer is said 

And a dirge is sung, 
The funeral shroud 

Of the dead is flung 
Where heroes sleep. 

A requiem mass 
From over the wave 
Resounds through the islands of the sea; 
A firmament light 

In the heavens impearled 
Chants through the darkness 

Of night to the world 
Its litany. 

Oh, the bleeding hearts 
And despairing souls 
That follow the wake of disaster! 
Oh, the shattered hope 

As the death bell tolls, 
And memories wake 

Of the fiendish ghouls 
Of the Titan master! 

But honor and fame! — 
The tributes they won, 
As the deck of the tottering giant they trod! 
We hallow the praise 

Of their valor each one, 
As they silently hear 

The reward, "Well done" 
At the throne of their God. 



WILLIAM LADD, THE APOSTLE OF PEACE 



By Charles E. Beals, of Chicago, Field Secretary of The American 

Peace Society 



Strolling through the Passaconaway 
woods in the Swift River Inter- 
vale one clay, I found the bark of some 
young pine trees savagely scratched 
and torn. "What did that?" I in- 
quired of my neighbor, who is a past 
master in wood lore. "Air. Bruin," 
was the reply. And then he explained 
that the way one bear challenges 
another is to raise himself on his hind 
legs, stretch up to his fullest height, 
and bite and scratch the bark to 
show what a big and mighty and un- 
conquerable bear he is. The next 
bear that comes along set's these 
marks, rears himself aloft and at- 
tempts to reach up higher still. This 
is the ursine method of challenging. 
Similarly the biography of a truly 
great man is a challenge to us to 
measure up to our fullest possible 
height. And if, doing our very best, 
we fall far short of the stature of the 
world's towering souls, we shall at 
least b? made humble, reverent and 
diligent. 

No one can read the life story of 
William Ladd without experiencing 
a kindling of admiration and inspi- 
ration. This son of the Granite State 
was one of humanity's true noblemen. 
The stream of his beneficent influence 
is broadening, deepening and growing 
mightier every decade We arc now 
far enough along to see that Dr. 
Beckwith's saying that "the Peace- 
maker of Minot shall outlive the ( !or- 
sican soldier" was not so fulsome a- it 
sounded when first uttered. Cer- 
tainly we arc ready to accept Charles 
Sumner's declaration that "by devel- 
oping, maturing and publishing to the 
world the plan of a Congress of Na- 
tions, William Ladd enrolled himself 
among the benefactors of mankind.'' 
For, as stated by Hon. James Brown 
Scott, Technical Delegate of the Tin- 
ted States to the Second Peace Con- 
ference at The Hague. Editor of the 



American Journal of International 
Law and Secretary of the Carnegie 
Endowment for International Peace, 
Mr. Ladd's plan for an international 
congress and court "contains 
the arguments for . . . the es- 
tablishment of both institutions. . . . 
The resemblance between Ladd's pro- 
ject and the Hague Conference is 
so patent as to need no comment." 

And now for the dry bones which 
must be clothed with living flesh by 
other literature than this brief maga- 
zine sketch. William Ladd, theolde-t 
son of Eliphalet and Abigail (Hill) 
Ladd. was born in Exeter, New Hamp- 
shire, May 10, 1778. The family 
removed to Portsmouth in 1795. 
Having prepared for college at Exeter 
Academy, William entered Harvard 
in 1793 and graduated four years 
later, at the age of nineteen. He was 
a proficient student, but in his later 
years he laughingly said. "The knowl- 
edge I gained in college the salt water 
washed out of my memory." 

Young Ladd's parents planned that 
he. should enter the medical profes- 
sion. But, in the same year that he 
graduated from Harvard, wishing to 
see something of the world, he shipped 
as a common sailor in one of his fath- 
er's vessels. On his first voyage he 
visited England and other parts of 
Europe. On his second voyage he 
sailed as mate. In eighteen months 
from the time he shipped as a com- 
mon sailor, he was placed in command 
of one of the largest ships that ever 
sailed out of Portsmouth. He became 
a skilful and highly respected sea 
captain. 

At the age of twenty-one, having 
married Sophia Ann Augusta Stidolph 
of London, England, he retired from 
the sea and became a merchant at 
Savannah, Georgia. A few months 
later he removed to Florida. As 
cotton-planter, he held slaves. Yet 



274 The Granite Monthly 

he attempted to work out and put published in 1825. A second series, 

into practical application a plan for numbering thirty-seven essays, began 

the abolition of slavery by the intro- to appear in the Mirror in 1825 and 

duction of European emigrants. His these s were published in a vol . 

scheme failed. Most of his property ume in ^ In ^ publication of 

was swept away. In later life he ,, ■., T r , , , ,, 

never could refer to his slaveholding these es 7 sa ^' M ^; ^add used the 

without tears. nomme ae plume Philanthropos. 

On the death of his father in 1806, Nor were the propaganda efforts 
Captain Ladd left Florida and went of Ladd confined to pen messages, 
to sea again. Perhaps this would In public addresses he championed 
have been his lifelong occupation had the great cause which had laid such 
not the War of 1812 compelled him firm hold upon his own soul. His 
to abandon the sea. About 1814, he first public utterance was in an agri- 
removed to Minot, Maine, where he cultural speech. But presently we 
made his home on a large farm which find him, in February, 1824, address- 
his father had owned at the time of ing the Peace Society of Maine at 
his death. He bought out the rights Portland. On July 4, 1825, he spoke 
of his brothers in this farm. Here on peace before the Peace Society 
he lived until his own death. of Oxford County, Maine, at Sumner 

Of the next eight or nine years after in that state. On the nation's natal 

his removal to Minot little is recorded, day a year later he delivered an ora- 

Mr. Ladd worked hard, erecting build- tion at Exeter, N. H., his native town. 

ings, setting out trees, and raising In December of the same year (1826), 

stock (especially sheep). He loved he appeared before the Massachu- 

agriculture. During this period, too, setts Peace Society at its meeting 

he joined the Congregational Church in Boston. The Portland and Boston 

of Minot, probably about 1818. addresses were reprinted in London. 

How did this thrifty, energetic, But Ladd was a born organizer, 
successful sea captain and farmer be- And on Christmas, 1823, the Peace 
come interested in international peace? Society of Minot, Maine, was formed. 
Happily he himself tells us. In 1819, Of this he became the Corresponding 
he was at the bedside of the dying Secretary. Through his tireless en- 
Jesse Appleton, President of Bowdoin thusiasm, the Maine Peace Society, 
College, and President of the Maine which had become quiescent, was 
Peace Society. In almost ecstatic re-organized. In 1826 he organized 
gladness, Dr. Appleton enumerated six peace societies. During these 
some of the forces that were operating campaigns in the war against war, 
for the improvement of the world. Ladd conceived the idea of a national 
With prophetic vision the venerable peace society. For this he labored 
clergyman and educator and reformer with tongue and pen, going on lecture 
named, among other organized agen- tours through the Middle West and 
cies, the peace societies. This tes- New York, patiently overcoming ob- 
timony of Dr. Appleton made a last- stacles until, on May 8, 1828, at a 
ing impression upon Mr. Ladd. And meeting held in New York City, the 
the reading of Noah Worcester's American Peace Society was organ- 
Solemn Review of the Custom of War ized. Over half a hundred different 
and other peace tracts deepened this state and city societies merged them- 
impression. selves in this new national organiza- 

In July 1823, Ladd began the pub- tion, which has been working 

lication of his first series of Essays on continuously ever since 1828 and is 

Peace and War in the Christian Mir- today the officially recognized organ- 

ror, at Portland. These essays, to ized peace movement in America. Of 

the number of thirty-two, were gath- the new society William Ladd was not 

ered into a little volume and thus re- only the founder, but the first Corres- 



William Ladd, the Apostle of Peace 



275 



ponding Secretary, Editor and General 
Agent. 

In the same month in which the 
American Peace Society was organ- 
ized, Mr. Ladd commenced the publi- 
cation of The Harbinger of Peace, a 
monthly duodecimo of 
Its circulation was about 
per month. For three 
Ladd continued to edit 
organ of the American Peace Society. 
In May, 1831, he was compelled by 
ill health to lay down this editorial 
burden. The name of the paper was 



24 pages. 

1500 copies 

years Mr. 

this official 



These afterwards were published in 
book form. In addition to his three 
series of essays, the following volumes 
issued from his pen: The Sword or 
Christmas Presents, Howard and Na- 
poleon Contrasted, The French Sol- 
dier, History of Alexander the Great, 
etc. 

William Ladd literally wore him- 
self out in labors for peace. In May, 
1833, he was taken sick in New York 
and was not able to reach his home 
until June. For an entire year he 
was obliged to remain quiet. When 




William Ladd 



changed to The Calumet. The initial 
number of the Calumet, which was a 
bi-monthlv, was published May-June, 
1831. In 1835, The Advocate of 
Peace superseded The Calumet as the 
official bulletin of the American Peace 
Society. The Advocate is now pub- 
lished monthly in Washington and is 
the ablest and most influential peace 
publication in the world. 

In 1836 and 1837, Mr. Ladd pub- 
lished in the Christian Mirror a series 
of twenty-two essays on "Obstacles 
and Objections to the Cause of Peace." 



the annual meeting of the American 
Peace Society was held in New York 
May, 1834, its founder was un- 
able to attend. In a beautiful letter 
of greetings, however, he made a 
liberal contribution of money for the 
carrying on of the work. In 1840 and 
1841 he undertook an extensive lec- 
ture tour in western Massachusetts 
and New York. He planned also a 
trip into Ohio. But he was obliged 
to abandon the Ohio itinerary. His 
last address was delivered in Caze- 
novia Seminary. Elihu Burritt de- 



276 



The Granite Monthly 



scribes how Mr. Ladd, when unable 
to stand, would prop himself up on 
his knees in the pulpit and preach 
the gospel of peace with a fervor 
almost divine. 

Knowing that his work was done, 
William Ladd started homeward. He 
arrived at Portsmouth, N. H., at 
7.30 p. m., April 9, 1841. He knelt 
with Mrs. Ladd and prayed. Retir- 
ing, at about 10 o'clock, he breathed 
his last immediately on lying down. 

A monument, erected by the Ameri- 
can Peace Society, marks the grave 
of the "Apostle of Peace" in the 
South Cemetery, Portsmouth. 

As already intimated, the great 
contribution which William Ladd 
made to civilization was his project 
for a Congress of Nations, embracing 
both an international legislature and 
a court. At the first annual meeting 
of the American Peace Society (1829 J 
a small prize was offered for the best 
essay on the subject. But the re- 
sults were unsatisfactory. In 1831 
Mr. Ladd published a dissertation on 
this subject in the Harbinger of Peace. 
This article was issued as a pamphlet 
and was the first work on this subject 
ever printed in America. In the same 
year (1831), the American Peace 
Society offered a prize of $500 for the 
best essay on the subject, and a prize 
of $100 for the next best essay. For 
certain reasons no award was made'. 
The prize was then raised to $1,000. 
Out of the essays submitted, five were 
selected for publication. To these 
was added a sixth, from the pen of 
William Ladd. These six essays in 
1840 were published in a large, hand- 
some volume of 706 pages. Ele- 
gantly bound copies of this book were 
presented to the rulers of the various 
nations. Ladd's essay was reprinted 
in Great Britian and circulated by 
thousands. It is interesting to note 
that the international institutions at 
The Hague gradually are taking shape 
along the structural lines sketched 
out by William Ladd. 

Of fine personal appearance and 
simplicity of manner, William Ladd 
was genial, humorous and a prince of 



story-tellers. He was the life of any 
company of which he was a member. 
He had perfect mastery of his temper 
and was a peacemaker in theory and 
practice. His hearty laugh was most 
contagious. He used to say "I'm 
afraid I shall never grow up and be 
dignified; I shall never be anything 
but a Ladd." 

He took his religion in earnest, 
giving up his wine in order to en- 
courage poor men to give up their 
rum. He split up his cider-mill be- 
cause one of his "hired men" got 
drunk on cider made in said mill. 
He abandoned the use of tobacco, 
and, with the money thus saved, 
educated a heathen boy, through the 
American Board. His devotion to 
the peace cause bordered on the sub- 
lime. No reform ever was served 
with purer disinterestedness than 
William Ladd's dedication of himself 
to the war against war. 

Through his influence, many were 
influenced to accept pacifism. Among 
these we may name Thomas C. 
Upham, Andrew P. Peabody, George 
C . Beckwith, Thomas S. Grimke, and 
William Watson. Charles Sumner, 
whose "Addresses on War" became 
almost the Bible of the peace move- 
ment, bears this testimony: "When 
scarcely nine years old it was my 
fortune to listen to President Quincy's 
address before the Peace Society, 
delivered in the Old South Church. 
It made a deep and lasting impres- 
sion on my mind. ... A lecture 
which I heard from William Ladd, 
in the old court-house at Cambridge, 
shortly after I left college, confirmed' 
these impressions." Elihu Burritt, 
who did so much to organize the great 
peace congresses in the middle of the 
nineteenth century, confessed him- 
self a disciple of William Ladd, and, 
as one of his successors, "felt it his 
duty to present the proposition (of a 
Congress of Nations) pure and simple 
as his master developed it, at the 
great Peace Congresses at Brussels, 
Paris, Frankfort and London; and 
to-day it stands before the world, 
the scheme of William Ladd. . . . 



William La 'Id, the Apostle of Peace 



277 



When America comes to make up her 
jewels, or to compare them with the 
jewels of other nations, it is doubtful 
if she will be able to show a life of 
longer radius and serener light than 
the life of William Ladd. This . . . 
farmer arose, by the power breathed 
into his soul, to the very first order 
and rank of that nobility of the great 
world which numbers but a few men 
in a single age." 

As early as 1825 there was a New 
Hampshire Peace Society. This dis- 
appeared. But on February 1, 1912, 
there was organized, at Manchester, 
The New Hampshire Peace Society. 
President Ernest Fox Nichols, of 
Dartmouth College, was chosen Pres- 
ident; and W. W. Thayer, of Con- 
cord, Secretary. Eminent people, 
representing all parts of the state, 
are Honorary Vice Presidents. A 
strong membership is being built up, 
and the young society promises to be 
an efficient reinforcement to the organ- 
ized peace movement. In his address 
before the meeting at which organi- 
zation was effected, Mr. Edwin D. 
Mead said: ''No man in the early 
history of the movement did greater 
work than William Ladd, of New 
Hampshire. He anticipated every 
point in the recent Hague program 
and all the great international de- 
mands of to-day. In organizing a 
New Hampshire society, his native 
state is taking steps toward rearing 
his most fitting monument." 

William Ladd died too soon to see 



the doctrine of evolution formulated 
and hear it scientifically expounded. 
But his statesmanlike vision, sturdy 
good sense and warm human sym- 
pathy enabled him to discern the 
trend of history. He dedicated his 
life "to work with God at love," as 
Airs. Browning so exquisitely says. 
To pacifists of today is it given to see 
history headed in their direction. 
But it took a brave man to dream the 
peace dream 93 years ago, when the 
vision first flooded the mind of Wil- 
liam Ladd. But Ladd was a big, 
brave man. To cowards, the times 
never are ripe for forward steps of 
progress. To men like William Ladd 
the time always is ripe for next steps 
forward. Such characters are the 
scouts and pioneers of civilization, 
the very elite of humanity. 

Well did William Ladd, the brave, 
brainy, radiant Apostle of Peace, 
deserve the sonnet which William 
Lloyd Garrison dedicated to him in 
the first volume of The Liberator: 

"Theconquerersof earth have had their day — 
Their fame lies weltering in a bloody shroud ; 
As Crime and Desolation haste away, 
So fade their glory and their triumphs proud. 
Great Advocate ! a fairer wreath be thine, 
Base Envy cannot soil, nor Time destroy; 
Thou art enlisted in a cause divine, 
Which yet shall fill all earth and heaven 

with joy. 
To calm the passions of a hostile world; 
To make content and happiness increase; 
In every clime to see that flag unfurled, 
Long since uplifted by the Prince of Peace: 
This is thy soul's desire, thy being's aim, 
No barrier can impede, no opposition tame." 



A HERO 

Moses Gage Shirley 

We like the man who dares to put 

His genius to the test , 
Who does his best from day to day 

And leaves to Heaven the rest. 



AGAIN WE COME 

Read at the Old Home Day Meeting in Lempster, August 20, 1912 

By Henry H. Metcalf 

Again we come, from far and near — 
Surviving pilgrims, gathered here — 
Each one to greet, with friendly hand, 
Some spared survivor of the band 
Of brothers true and sisters dear, 
Who lived and labored, year by year, 
In the far days of long ago, 
Whose joys we never more shall know, 
Except as graven on the page 
Of Memory, for the night of Age. 
We sadly note, with moistened eye, 
The place once filled by those who lie 
In yonder "City of the dead," 
Or scattered graves, the land o'erspread. 
To-day we miss the forms of some 
Who fondly welcomed others home 
In recent years, the joys to share, 
Of "Old Home Day," devoid of care. 
We misys the voices, kind and sweet, 
Long wont each presence here to greet. 
Thin grow the ranks, as time goes by; 
Less firm the step, more dim the eye, 
Feebler the voice; but may it be 
Ne'er said with truth of you or me, 
The heart grows cold as time goes by, 
And Old Home loves and friendships die! 



Oh, spirits of the dead and gone — 
Just men, true women — long passed on — 
Souls of the Miners, Careys, Moores, 
The Smiths and Sabins, from whose doors 
Went strength and cheer in olden days 
To speed men on in virtue's ways; 
Souls of the Spauldings, Parkers, Chase, 
Aliens and Perleys — stalwart race — 
Huntoons and Pollards, Collins, Bruce, 
Beckwiths, who made with Wrong no truce; 
Souls of the Hurds, the Keyes, the Ways, 
The Fullers, faithful all their days; 
The Taylors, Thorntons, Davis, all 



Again We Come 279 

Who never shirked from duty's call; 

Of Dudley. Jennings, Thompson, Dame, 

Fletcher and Abell, known to fame; 

Of Honey, Richardson and Field, 

Spencer, who ne'er the right would yield; 

Of Roundy, Youngman, Tandy, Gee, 

Standing for all that makes men free; 

Of Noyes and Twitchell, Blanchard, Breed, 

E'er ready in the time of need; 

Of Newell, Walker, Frink and Gale; 

Young, Hull, and Cram, ne'er known to fail; 

Of Bingham, Hosier, Rogers, George, 

Of Miller, sturdy at his forge; 

Of Thissell, Nichols, Tenney, Booth, 

Makepeace and Wilcox, strong for truth; 

Oh, soul of him, the friend of all, 

Responsive e'er to suffering's call, 

The good physician, sure and true, 

Who wrought, all life's long journey through, 

To ease the pains and cure the ills 

Of those who dwelt 'mid Lempster's hills; 

Souls of the good, the brave, the strong, 

With labor ended, marching on; 

Souls of the sweet, the pure, the true, 

Now passed beyond the ether blue: 

Bend down, oh spirits of the just 

As we look up with faith and trust, 

Inspire our hearts with courage true, 

The remnant of our work to do! 



THE CATHEDRAL PINES 

Bii Frederick J. Alien 

Like sentinels of somber hue and green. 

Tall, stately, and majestic, row on row. 

And straight as any arrow sped from bow, 
These old pines stand. Soft shadows lie between, 
And wandering lights from over-arching sheen 

Fall downward on the needles brown below. 

Through these cool, fragrant forest deeps there flow 
The sweetest strains of nature's fair demesne* 

here is place for loitering lovers' feet. 

And here fond hearts their secrets may reveal; 
Here one the far thoughts of his youth may meet, 

And all the wounds of life's stern battle heal; 
And 'neath the organ harmony of pine 
The rapt soul here may bow at nature's shrine. 



A LIVING CHURCH IN A DEAD VILLAGE 



H. Addington Bruce in Boston Transcript 



It was in the late afternoon of a mid- 
summer day that I discovered the 
living church in the dead village. I 
had set out some hours before from 
the restful, hill-surrounded New 
Hampshire town of Marlboro for a 
tramp to the northern slopes that 
front Monadnock, and, having gained 
sundry excellent vantage points from 
which to view that solitary, granite- 
crowned mountain, I found myself 
hurrying along a silent, sombre, ill- 
kept road, hemmed in on one hand by 
an almost impenetrable forest of 
pines, on the other by a wilderness of 
birches. Soon, though, my pace 
slackened, for the road began to climb 
— up, up, always up — amid a country 
so wild and savage that, excepting 
only for the proofs of man's handi- 
work in the shambling road and in an 
occasional stretch of fallen wall, one 
might well have deemed it a region 
given over from time primeval to 
desolate unoccupation. Then sud- 
denly at the top of the mile-long hill 
I swung into a little clearing, and 
before me stood the church. 



Strangely out of place it seemed in 
this tangled solitude of tree and 
brier. Of other signs of human occu- 
pancy there was none, save to the 
right and on the very edge of the clear- 
ing a decrepit, storm-battered cot- 
tage, evidently abandoned by its 
last occupants these many years. 
Sharply in contrast was the church, 
with its square, two-storied belfry, 
its fresh coat of green and white, 
shining dazzlingly in the sunlight, its 
well-trimmed stretch of grass about 
the door, and the equally well- 
trimmed bushes that sprang from 
the grass. Vital and fresh and clean 
it looked, precisely the sort of church 
one would expect to find in an ancient 
but still flourishing New' England 
town. 

Whereas, the actuality was that 



not only did it have no town around 
it, but throughout the surrounding 
country, for many a mile, there was 
scarcely an occupied dwelling place. 
Here and there, perchance, an iso- 
lated farm, but in the main it was 
girt on every side by almost unbroken 
forest. Yet, manifestly, from the 
care bestowed upon it, and from the 
marks of many wheels in the rough 
ground of the clearing, it was still a 
living church — a church still used for 
the service of God. But who were 
those that worshipped in it? Whence 
did they come? And how had this 
old church escaped the fate that all 
too clearly had overtaken the village 
which it must have once graced? 
Why, again, had that village been 
blotted out? 

Such were the questions that surged 
up in my mind, when I gazed for the 
first time at the "Roxbury Meeting- 
house," as this woodland church is 
known to the people of Keene, Marl- 
boro, Chesham, Nelson, Dublin and 
other neighboring towns. Decidedly, 
I felt, not only the church but Rox- 
bury itself must have had an inter- 
esting history, and I resolved that, 
as opportunity offered, I would glean 
what I could concerning both church 
and village. The result has been to 
give me an added respect for the 
New England spirit, and a keener 
appreciation of the part the religious 
instinct has played, and still plays, 
in the life of New England. 

For from first to last, the church 
has been the central fact in the life 
of Roxbury. Indeed, in a very real 
sense it was the cause of Roxbury; 
for, had it not been for the desire of 
the people of the region to have a 
church of their own there . would 
never have been a Roxbury. These 
people were farmer folk, who, settling 
in that section in the years just before 
and just after the Revolution, found 
themselves remote from any centre 



A Living church in a Dead Village 



281 



of the religious observances that 
meant much to them. To the church 
in Keene it was five miles, over poor 
roads; to the church in Marlboro an 
equal distance, over roads fully as 
bad; and, though nearer to the church 
in Nelson, the roads thitherward were 
worse. 

Consequently, as time passed, and 
the settlers increased in numbers, 
they felt increasing need for a church 
of their own. And accordingly, in 
the first decade of the nineteenth 
century, they petitioned the Legis- 
lature to let them set up for them- 
selves, seceding from Keene, Marl- 
boro and Nelson, each of which had 
jurisdiction over some part of the 
country in which the petitioners lived. 
For some years the opposition of 
Keene — which is today, by the way, 
one of the most delightful of the 
smaller New England cities — kept 
them, so to speak, in bondage. But 
in 1812 their petition was granted, 
and in that same year, while the rest 
of the nation was in a ferment over 
the war with Great Britain, the 
people of Roxbury celebrated their 
local independence by laying the 
foundations for a house of God. 

Not that they were without interest 
in the struggle with Great Britain. 
On the contrary, they had represen- 
tatives in the War of 1812, valiantly 
upholding the national cause; just as, 
forty years earlier, men of Roxbury — 
or that afterwards became Roxbury 
 — cast aside theii spades and axes, 
and enlisted in the Army of the 
Revolution. 

The first settler in the Roxbury 
district was a Massachusetts man 
with the picturesque name of Breed 
Batchelder, and with a career as pic- 
turesque as his name. He was born 
in Wenham, but moved with his 
parents to Brookfield when a lad of 
only seven. While still very young 
he took part in the French and Indian 
War, serving in the Ticonderoga 
campaign. After the war he became 
a surveyor, prospered exceedingly, 
and in 1704 acquired a large tract of 
land in the then unoccupied and sel- 



dom visited Roxbury wilderness. 
Two years later he moved there, 
breaking ground and building himself 
a home — -of which only a ruined cellar- 
hole remains about a mile from the 
little clearing in which the Roxbury 
church stands today. 

Quite possibly it was Breed Batch- 
elder's ambition to emulate those 
famous nabobs of Rhode Island, the 
lords of the Narrangansett planta- 
tions. At any rate, from time to 
time he added to his land-holdings, 
until he became a notable proprietor, 
and was recognized as the leading 
man in his community, holding office 
in every township in which he pos- 
sessed land. Unfortunately for him 
when the crisis with Great Britain 
became acute, and every man was 
forced to come into the open and 
declare himself, Breed Batchelder 
still further followed the example of 
the Narrangansett planters, and re- 
fused to throw 7 in his lot with the 
patroits. In fact, he made it very 
evident that he was a "stubborn" 
and "contumacious" Tory, and 
promptly found himself in serious 
trouble with his neighbors, almost all of 
whom were ardent friends of freedom. 

At first their hostility was confined 
to unpleasant remarks and the break- 
ing of his political power. After 
1774 his name — conspicuous until 
then — appears no more in the lists of 
town officers. But his Toryism ulti- 
mately became so exasperating that, 
in the spring of 1777, he was seized 
and lodged in the Keene jail, from 
which he was quickly released on the 
failure to prove any specific charge 
against him. Returning home he 
found that feeling was by this time 
running so high that his life was in 
danger; whereupon he prudently dis- 
appeared, taking refuge, according to 
local tradition, in a cave about eighty 
rods from his house. 

Here, the story goes, he remained 
three months, seldom venturing out, 
and then only by night, the food he 
needed being brought to him by his 
devoted wife. Meanwhile the Rox- 
bury patroits, eager to capture and 



282 



The Granite Monthly 



hang him, kept up a sharp watch 
and one day a couple of them came 
so perilously close to his hiding-place 
that, thinking it must soon be dis- 
covered, he determined to save him- 
self by flight. But first he insisted 
on saying farewell to his children, and 
arranged with his wife to have them 
sent, early in the morning, to a 
secluded nook in the forest. 

Here a little party of patriots sur- 
prised him; but, it appears, were 
themselves surprised at coming upon 
him unexpectedly. Younger than 
they, and fleet of foot, he fled to his 
home; where his wife, with a woman's 
quick wit, held the enemy at bay with 
a kettle of boiling water, whilst Breed, 
hurrying out through the back door 
made good his escape, and joined the 
British army, in which he was given 
a captain's commission. Only once 
again did the patroits of Roxbury ever 
catch a glimpse of him. This was at 
the Battle of Bennington, when one 
of them, recognizing him in the uni- 
form of a captain of Colonel Peters' 
corps of "Queen's Rangers," took 
careful aim and severely wounded 
him. "I have done for Breed Batch- 
elder," was his boasting comment, 
"for I aimed at him as closely as ever 
I took aim at a turkey." 

But he was mistaken. Albeit never 
completely recovering from the wound 
Batchelder survived the war. Then, 
knowing that it would be madness to 
return to New Hampshire, where his 
vast estates had been confiscated by 
the State authorities, he sailed, as 
many another Tory did, to England, 
to lay his wrongs before King George 
and seek indemnity. And, like many 
another Tory, he was rewarded with 
a grant of land in Canada; where, in 
1785, he met his death by drowning, 
as a result of a boating accident in 
Annapolis Basin. 

Oddly enough, neither his wife nor 
any of his children joined him in exile. 
Perhaps they were hoping against 
hope that it would yet be possible for 
him to come home and take up anew 
the life that had been so rudely inter- 
rupted. Whatever the reason, they 



remained in Roxbury, and to the 
present day descendants of Tory 
Breed Batchelder are to be found in 
adjoining New Hampshire towns. 

But, as was said, Roxbury did not 
become Roxbury until 1812, on its 
establishment as an independent mu- 
nicipality by act of the New Hampshire 
Legislature. The church which was 
then built — and which also served as 
a town hall, and as a gathering place 
for "singing school" and other rural 
entertainments — soon became the cen- 
tre of a flourishing little settlement. 
Since 1800 there had been a grist mill 
on Roaring Brook, about a mile south 
of the church and near the foot of the 
long hill leading up to the church 
from Marlboro. Other industries 
were gradually established, including 
a cabinet-making plant, in which were 
manufactured not only tables, chairs 
and other articles of household furni- 
ture, but also the coffins which, in 
the little graveyard west of the church, 
hold all that remains of the pioneers 
of Roxbury. There was, of course, a 
schoolhouse, general store and smithy. 
A stage brought in the mail. Near 
the church stood the parsonage 
— not a vestige of which can now be 
seen, its site being completely covered 
by forest undergrowth — and not far 
from the parsonage the village doctor 
made his home. 

In fact, so populous did Roxbury 
become that, by the late forties, it 
was decided to tear down the old 
meetinghouse and replace it by a new 
one, one more attractive in appear- 
ance and less "old-fashioned." It 
is this second church, built to a con- 
siderable extent from the timbers of 
its predecessor, that alone remains in 
the forest clearing to testify to the 
vanished charms of the Roxbury 
that once was. The dedication of 
the church, as may be imagined, 
was a solemn and joyous occasion for 
its builders. And from the very outset 
it was even more a centre of village 
life than the first church had been. 

It was — and is — a church of pecu- 
liar interior arrangement, for the 



A Living Church in a Dead Village 



283 



pulpit was located between the two 
inner entry doors, which the pews 
consequently faced, to the unending 
embarrassment of late comers. There 
was also an upper story, the scene in 
after days of many a town meeting 
and of many festive gatherings. 
Once, it is recorded, a couple of 
audacious young men of the neighbor- 
hood even ventured to give a dance 
in the church hall, thereby bringing 
upon themselves widespread and fiery 
condemnation. But it had also gather- 
ings that were not at all festive. 
Here, in the dark days of the Civil 
War, the women of Roxbury daily 
met to make clothes and prepare 
supplies for the men who had gone 
to the front. 

It is to be noted, though, that by a 
strange coincidence the decline of 
Roxbury set in almost with the com- 
pletion of the new church. There 
was no sudden falling off in its pros- 
perity and population, which at one 
time amounted, all told, to between 
four and five hundred souls — of whom, 
of course, only a small proportion 
lived in the village. The decline was 
a gradual process. But it continued 
without a break, without even a 
momentary return to the genial activ- 
ity of earlier times. And, so com- 
plete has it been that today, through- 
out the entire Roxbury district, there 
are but thirteen residents of voting 
power, not one of whom has his home 
within a mile of the deserted village. 

According to Mr. Charles A. Bemis, 
a venerable citizen of Marlboro, the 
historian of that town, and now 
engaged in writing a history of Nelson 
— of which, as of Marlboro, Roxbury 
was once a part — many factors have 
contributed to its steady depopula- 
tion. Here, in effect, is how he 
accounts for this: 

"Roxbury is, as you know, a 
peculiarly isolated region. While 
Keene and Marlboro, Chesham and 
Harrisville, have a good railway 
service, Roxbury has none, the line of 
the Boston & Maine merely passing 
through one corner of it. Formerly, 
before the railway came in at all, lack 



of transportation facilities was not 
so keenly felt. But, with competing 
towns thus favored in getting access 
to markets, the people of Roxbury 
found themselves under a great hand- 
icap. 

"Besides this, Roxbury was never 
particularly well adapted for farm- 
ing. It is too much a region of steep 
hills, and of rocky soils. Nor, under 
the changed conditions of the past 
fifty years, could a livelihood be 
gained in it by manufactures. Not 
only would it be difficult to get the 
finished products to market, but 
there is not enough water power for 
manufacturing purposes on any scale. 

"But what chiefly started Roxbury 
on the downward path was the fever 
for Western migration that set in 
fifty or sixty years ago. The prospect 
of being able to gain a living from the 
soil without being obliged to keep 
perpetually clearing one's land of 
rocks and stones, was too tempting 
to be resisted. One man after another 
sold out, or left his farm unsold, and 
removed to Ohio, to Indiana, and 
even to points farther West. The 
success of these induced others to do 
likewise. Finally, during the past 
thirty years, the children of those 
who remained in Roxbury were in- 
fected by the movement to the big 
cities, never returning, except for 
occasional visits, to the homesteads, 
which went to rack and ruin after the 
old folks died off. These are the 
principal reasons why Roxbury is 
as you now find it." 

However, even if Roxbury is a 
town with a past and without a 
future, it assuredly still has a firm 
hold on the affections of its scattered 
sons and daughters, and the religious 
devotions of their forefathers is still 
strong in them. There is a Roxbury 
Association — founded, I believe, by 
the late Mrs. Willard of Keene, who 
was born in the Davis homestead in 
Roxbury — having as its special object 
the maintenance of the old church 
in a good state of preservation. 
When services arc held in the church, 
as they are at intervals every sum- 



284 The Granite Monthly 

mer, it is nearly always crowded to more in the church that they attended 

the doors, old Roxburyites driving — as boys and girls, and of visiting the 

and in some cases walking — miles forest graveyard where their fathers 

for the privilege of worshipping once and mothers sleep. 



THE GARRISONS OF DOVER 

By P. L. F. 

Hidden in old Dover's records, buried deep in musty tomes 
— Annals of the Pascataqua and its old colonial homes — 
Strange romances of past ages more than half forgotten lie, 
Strange romances glowing with a charm that cannot die. 
As I pondered o'er those volumes, written in a long dead day, 
From their crumbling time-stained pages there trooped forth in dim array- 
Council, Commonwealth and King, — He who on the scaffold died — 
Explorers, Grantees, Colonists, pressed forward, side by side, 
French soldiers, Indians, Jesuit Priests came from those pages gray 
And infants in their cradles, unspared in fierce foray. 
Nuns who in Quebec's cloisters taught many a captive maid 
Whose parents, scalped and tortured, lay in some New Hampshire glade, 
Puritans stern and Quakers mild and formal Churchmen, too, 
Rose from those moldy folios to pass in strange review, 
Soldiers, Woodsmen, Sailors, all of a by-gone age, 
Clad in their quaint old costumes stepped forth from every page, 
In stout, log-built garrisons, by brave defenders manned, 
As when Indian and Frenchman descended on the land, 
Homes of Otis and of Waldron, besieged in wild forays, 
Of Gerrish, Varney, Meserve and Paine and Heard and Hayes, 
Of Pinkham, Pike and Tuttle, who knew each Indian ruse, 
Of Knight and Field and Tibbets and the Coffins, Dames and Drew r s, 
The fort about the meeting house— a massive oaken w r all — 
With sentinels who stood upon its sconces, strong and tall, 
And scanned the Great Bay's wide expanse, the Pascataqua' s, tide, 
Gazed o'er the NeW'ichw r annock, and where Bellamy's waters glide. 
The worshippers who gathered there, as by their faith impelled, 
With flint-locks, stacked wdthin the porch, in fancy I beheld. 
Then came the sack of Dover when death rode on the gale, 
For Indian statagem made w r ay, where force could not prevail. 
The squaws who sought for shelter as fell the eventide; 
The hospitable colonists who welcomed them inside, 
The treacherous opening of the door, brave Major Waldron's fall, 
The ruined homes of Dover, beneath a smoke pall ; 
The wailing of the children, the Indian's hideous yell, 
All that tale of blood and anguish human tongue may never tell. 
Visions these of days departed— phantoms born within the brain, 
For the dwellers in those pages ne'er shall walk the earth again. 
The garrisons of Dover have sunk back to mother dust ; 
Likewise their brave defenders, as all things earthly must. 
Time has called them, they have answ r ered his decree. 
But their story lives forever in New Hampshire history. 



SWEDENBORGIANISM IN NEW HAMPSHIRE 



By Charles Hardon 



The people known as being identified 
with this cult do not ordinarily call 
themselves Swedenborgians. The re- 
ligious body that accepts the doc- 
trines set forth by Swedenborg calls 
itself the "New Jerusalem Church," 
or, in a shortened form, the "New 
Church." They do not claim to be 
wholly or exclusively the New Church 
in the world, but they stand for it and 
represent it. 

The name "New Jerusalem" is 
taken from Revelations 21:2, where 
it is said "And I, John, saw the holy 
city, New Jerusalem, coming down 
from God out of heaven." By the 
New Jerusalem is understood a new 
church, or rather a new state of the 
church on earth, deriving new doc- 
trines and new impulses from heaven 
and being a new development of the 
religious life, both in thought and 
motive, and being eventually the 
fulfillment of the prophecies of the 
gospels and the book of Revelations 
regarding the Lord's second, coming. 

The only church in New Hamp- 
shire known by this name is at Con- 
toocook. There is a society here hav- 
ing about fourteen members, and a 
number of these are non-resident. 
There is a German Society in Man- 
chester, but they have no church 
building. Some years ago there was a 
church building there, privately owned, 
in which services were held in English 
and there have always been some 
English speaking people in Manches- 
ter who have held services of their 
own, though not constantly. 

The town history of Hopkinton, by 
the late C. C. Lord, gives the fol- 
lowing facts with regard to the church 
in Contoocook: "The New Jerusalem 
Church, commonly called the 'New 
Church,' was founded through the 
missionary labors of the Rev. Abiel 
Silver, a native of this town, who 
first preached a number of discourses 
in the L T nion Church in Contoocook 



in the summer of 1851. Rev. Mr. 
Silver was then a resident of Michi- 
gan, visiting his old home and famil- 
iar scenes. In a year or two after, 
further interest in the New Church 
was awakened in Contoocook and 
vicinity. Rev. Mr. Silver returned, 
and preached at length and finally con- 
cluded to make the village his per- 
manent place of residence. In 1857 
a permanent church organization was 
effected. On the 24th of May of that 
year, the Rev. Thos. Worcester, of 
Boston, instituted the society con- 
sisting of twenty-two members, resi- 
dents of Contoocook." 

Rev. Mr. Silver continued as the 
minister till 1858. He was succeeded 
by Rev. Geo. H. Marston, who con- 
tinued till 1862. During the Civil 
War the society was served by differ- 
ent ministers who preached occasion- 
ally, but lay reading became custom- 
ary, Walter S. Davis conducting the 
services. Rev. Mr. Silver, in a way, 
had the oversight of the Society till 
1870, preaching here as he had oppor- 
tunity, in connection with his rela- 
tions with a' new society at Boston 
Highlands. During this period J. ( '. 
Ager of Warner, and ( '. C. Lord of 
Hopkinton, became New Church min- 
isters and preached for the society 
at various intervals. In 1871 Rev. 
Charles Hardon, of Massachusetts, 
was employed as pastor of the ( Jhurch 
and preceptor of the school, called the 
Contoocook Academy, which had been 
established a number of years before 
by New Church people, and intended 
as a New ( !hurch School. It was not, 
however, continued as such after 1871, 
and has since 1885 been discontinued 
altogether. 

Of late years there have been sev- 
eral ministers occupying the pulpit 
for one or more years, among them 
being Rev. Manford Lilliefors, Rev. J. 
B. Shiers, Rev. Warren Goddard and 
Rev. G. M. Ward. For the last year 



286 



The Granite Monthly 



the pulpit has been supplied by Mr. 
L. E. Wethey, a student in the New 
Church Theological School in Cam- 
bridge, Mass. 

The church building was largely 
remodeled in 1908, a tower erected and 
a new roof constructed. Since that a 
bell and clock have been placed in the 
tower. Services have been constantly 
maintained since 1871, the society 
being connected with the Massachu- 
setts Association which contributes 
to some extent for its support. 

The system of religious doctrines 
upheld by this church was first pro- 
mulgated by Emanuel Swedenborg, 
of Stockholm, Sweden, about the 
middle of the 18th century. Sweden- 
borg claims to have been specially 
commissioned by the Lord to give 
these doctrines to the world. They 
are based on what is called the inter- 
nal sense of the Bible, or ''Word," or 
the Word spiritually interpreted. 
These doctrines are both Trinitarian 
and Unitarian, and yet neither of 
these as commonly understood. They 
teach that Christ is God, only "mani- 
fest in the flesh," thus that God is one 
God in one Person and not in three 
persons and that Jesus Christ was 
and is that One Person; in other 
words that the Divine Trinity is 
analogous to the human trinity, of 
soul, body and the life proceeding 
from these two; the Father in the 
Lord answering to the Soul in man, 
the Son to the Body and the Holy 
Spirit to the Life proceeding from the 
union of the two. Thus the trinity 
in God is like the trinity in every man, 
but in God after an infinite and divine 
pattern and in man after a merely 
human and finite pattern. Yet one 
so illustrates the other that the trinity 



in God is a rational and comprehen- 
sible doctrine. 

The doctrine of the Atonement is 
modified by the idea of the Divine 
Trinity. The "Trinitarian" doctrine 
involves the idea of three personalities 
in God, but when God is one person 
the Atonement becomes an at-one- 
ment, which was the object of the 
Divine becoming "manifest in the 
flesh." 

The L T nitarian idea that the Father 
is God and Christ is not God, denies 
the fact of God having become "man- 
ifest in the flesh." 

The New Church is "Evangelical" 
because while it claims that Christ 
is Divine it believes that in Him is the 
whole trinity, comparatively as in 
man his soul is a part of his own per-"* 
son and his life is an out birth of the 
union of the two. 

Swedenborgian doctrines teach that 
heaven and hell were not made for 
men but by and through men, com- 
paratively as a fine residence or a dis- 
reputable one in the world is made 
by and for the man who occupies it; 
and that they continue such as long 
as they are wanted. 

A prominent New Church doctrine 
is that of correspondences which 
is that everything in heaven, earth 
and hell, is an outgrowth, and pic- 
ture, or true representative, of things 
in the mind and soul of man, as, for 
instance, that warmth or heat, is a 
correspondence of love; and light, of 
wisdom or knowledge. By this cor- 
respondence it is claimed that the 
things of religion and the spiritual life 
are reduced to a scientific basis and 
become matters of certainty instead 
of mere speculation. 



THE FOREST 

By L. J. H. Frost 

Come out with me into the forest, 

The forest so dark and dim, 
Where dame Nature hides her secrets 

And chants her sweet matin hymn. 

Down where the timid blue violets 

Take their first look at the sky, 
Then modestly hide their faces 

While the wanton zephyrs pass by. 

Sit down by the edge of the brooklet, 

And hark to its glad, wild song, 
With its chorus of gleeful laughter 

While the water dances along. 

Shake hands with the nodding rushes 
That stand by the side of the' stream ; 

Inviting to restful slumber 

In which you may quietly dream. 

Lay your ear to the verdant grasses, 

Perhaps you may hear them tell 
How they find their way through the brown earth 

And carpet the land so well. 

Now list to the lark's song of triumph, 
While he soars toward the azure sky; 

It seems to say — "Mortals despair not, 
God careth for you and I." 

Down close by the foot of the oak tree, 
By the house that he made without door, 

Sits a squirrel, could he speak he might tell 
Who taught him to garner his winter store. 

Let us list to the hum of the insects 

That live in each sylvan retreat; 
They seem to speak of contentment 

And a life that is pure and sweet. 

And now we will thank dame Nature 

For the lessons learned today; 
And know that from humblest teacher 

We may learn to praise and pray. 



NEW HAMPSHIRE NECROLOGY 



REV. WARREN R. COCHRANE:, D. D. 

Rev. Warren R. Cochrane, D. D., born in 
New Boston, August 25, 1S35, died in Antrim 
June 17, 1912. 

Doctor Cochrane was the eighth child of 
Hon. Robert B. and Elizabeth Warren 
Cochrane, and was educated at Francestown 
Academy and Dartmouth College, graduating 
from the latter in 1859. He taught for a 
year or two in New Boston, and was for a 
time a tutor at Dartmouth. In April, 1866, 
he was licensed to preach by the Deny and 
Manchester Presbyterian Association, and 
preached for two summers at Harrisville but 
located in Antrim January 1, 1868 as acting 
pastor of the Presbyterian Church in that 
town and was formally ordained March 18, 
1869, holding the pastorate continuously and 
successfully until December 29, 1907 when 
he preached his farewell sermon after a service 
of forty years. 

He was the author of the History of Antrim, 
one of the best of our New Hampshire town 
histories, and had also published a volume of 
poems. He was deeply interested in edu- 
cational affairs and all matters pertaining to 
the welfare of the community, and was highly 
esteemed by the people of Antrim, regardless 
of religious distinctions. 

He married Lilla C. Cochran of New Bos- 
ton, who survives him with one son Hayward. 
A daughter, Susie E., born in 1872, died in 
the autumn of 1896. 

REV. ROLAND D. GRANT, D. D. 

Roland Dwight Grant, D. D., for some 
years past a summer resident at Waterloo, 
Warner, and at one time pastor of the First 
Baptist Church in Concord, died at his resi- 
dence in the former place August 21, 1912, 
after a long illness. 

Doctor Grant was a native of Windsor, 
Conn., born August 24, 1851, the son of 
Naaman and Sarah (Clough) Grant, and of 
the eighth generation from Matthew Grant 
the first of the family in America. He was 
educated at Colby University, Waterville, 
Me., received the degree A. M. from Colgate 
University in 1887, and that of Doctor of 
Divinity from Colfax College in 1894. He 
was ordained to the Baptist ministry, Sep- 
tember 11, 1887, and served as pastor of the 
Yassar College Church at Poughkeepsie, 
N. Y., for some time, subsequently holding 
various pastorates in and around Boston, and 
later, at Portland. Oregon and Vancouver, 
British Columbia. He was pastor of the 



First Baptist Church in Concord, for two 
years, succeeding Rev. Cephas B. Crane in 
December 1896, and was the minister of an 
independent society in the same city for a 
year or two, afterward, returning then to 
the Pacific Coast, where, at Portland, Oregon, 
he was instrumental in the erection of the 
"White Temple," seating 2500 people. 

He was a writer of note, but more widely 
know as a lecturer than in any other capacity, 
in which line he travelled all over the continent 
and was brilliantly successful. It i^ stated 
that he had crossed the continent fifty tunes 
and had addressed 11,000 audiences. 

He was a member of the International 
Lyceum Association, the American Baptist 
Missionary Union, the Home Missionary and 
Publication Societies, the Boston Theological 
Library, the Grant Family Association of Amer- 
ica, and the British Columbia Art, History 
and Scientific Association. He was a charter 
member of the Mazama Mountain Club for" 
Scientific Exploration, and had a record of 
conquering many of the highest peaks in th<. 
Canadian Rockies. He also held membership 
in the Appalachian Mountain Club, and the 
National Geographic Society. 

June 2, 1874, Dr. Grant married Mahala 
C. Bean, at Waterloo, who survives him, 
with two married daughters. His remains 
were interred in the family lot, in Blossom 
Hill Cemetery, Concord. 

MRS. LIMA HIBBARD WATSON 

Mrs. Lima N. (Hibbard) Watson, a daugh- 
ter of Horatio and Joanna (Moult on) Hib- 
bard, born in Lisbon, N. H., February 22. 
1843, died at her home in Jamaica Plain, 
Boston, Mass., August 7, 1912. 

Her first husband was James Noyes, with 
whom she removed to London, Canada, where 
her two sons, George L. Noyes, now a noted 
landscape painter of Boston and Edward H. 
Noyes, a famous pianist and teacher of 
music, in that city and elsewhere, were born. 
She was left destitute at the death of her 
husband while the boys were quite young, 
and a second marriage was soon terminated 
by the husband's death, but by great energy 
and tact she succeeded in educating her sons, 
sending both to Europe for the best available 
instruction in painting and music. She was 
herself an accomplished pianist, and resided 
some years in Cambridge, before joining her 
sons in Paris. After the return of the family 
to America, they had resided, until recently, 
in Maiden. 




REVEREND GEORGE B. THOMAS 



The Granite Monthly 



Vol. XLIV, No. 10 



OCTOBER, 1912 New Series, Vol. 7, No. 10 



A CHANGE OF PASTORATES 

By An Occasional Contributor 



On the third Sunday in September, 
Rev. George B. Thomas, who for 
three years previous had been pastor 
of the First Methodist Episcopal 
Church of Concord, commenced serv- 
ice in the pastorate of St. Paul's 
M. E. Church in Manchester. The 
removal of the incumbent from the 
pastorate of the leading church in the 
denomination in the Capital City 
to that of the largest and most influen- 
tial one in the "Queen City," and 
in the State, in the middle of the 
Conference year, naturally calls atten- 
tion to the character and personality 
of the pastor in question. 

Rev. George B. Thomas is, as 
might naturally be inferred from the 
rank and standing which he has at- 
tained in the New Hampshire Con- 
ference during his comparatively 
brief term of service in the State, a 
man of more than ordinary ability. 
He is, indeed, a striking example of 
the new life and virility which the 
Great West is contributing to the 
East in return for the vast contribu- 
tions made by the latter to the former, 
in men and women, enterprise and 
energy, for three quarters of a century 
past. 

Mr. Thomas is a native of Craw- 
ford County, Missouri, where he was 
born on a i'aim, January 5, 1873, 
son of Francis N. and Martha Letzer 
Thomas, his parents being Southern 
people by birth, from North Carolina 
and Tennessee, respectively. He was 
educated in the public schools and 
at the Steelville (Mo.) high school, 
from which he entered Baker Uni- 



versity, at Baldwin, Kan., graduat- 
ing A. B. therefrom in 1903, mean- 
while preaching as a supply in the 
Methodist Church at Winchester, 
Kan. Baker Universit}', it may prop- 
erly be mentioned, was named for 
Bishop Osmon C. Baker, the noted 
Methodist divine, long a resident of 
Concord. 

In 1904 Mr. Thomas joined the 
St. Louis Conference, and was as- 
signed to the church at Poplar Bluff, 
Mo., but in the following year his 
recognized qualifications for educa- 
tional work so commended him to 
the authorities in charge that he was 
called to the presidency of Carleton 
College, at Farmington, Mo., where 
he remained in efficient service until 
1909, in the meantime having been 
ordained an Elder, and having re- 
ceived the degree of A. M. from his 
alma mater. 

Ambitious for broader knowledge, 
and seeking to avail himself of the 
advantages afforded by eastern in- 
stitutions, he gave up his position as 
the head of Carleton College in 1909, 
and came to New England, entering 
upon a post-graduate course in Boston 
University, leading to the degree of 
Ph.D., which he has now practically 
completed, and in September of thai 
year assumed the Concord pastorate, 
which he has holden for the lasl 
three years with great success, com- 
manding the devoted support of the 
parish, and winning the respect and 
esteem of the general public, regard- 
less of sect, in a remarkable degree. 

Not only has he won high rank 



292 



The Granite Monthly 



among preachers of his denomination, 
being already classed as among the 
very strongest in the New Hampshire 
Conference, but he has also come to 
be recognized as a power for good in 
the state, in the promotion of all 
great social and moral reform causes. 
As a preacher he is vigorous, earnest, 
logical and persuasive, never affect- 
ing the dramatic or sensational. 
Simplicity and directness of statement 



studies were completed, and they 
congratulate St. Paul's parish and 
the City of Manchester upon the 
acquisition they have made. 

Mr. Thomas was united in mar- 
riage, June 14, 1904, with Miss 
Nellie Riason, a native of Illinois, 
then a teacher at Poplar Bluff, who 
has proved a most congenial, sym- 
pathetic and helpful companion in 
his work. 




First Methodist Episcopal Church, Concord, N. H. 



are the strong characteristics of his 
pulpit utterances. 

While his Concord friends and 
parishioners regret his departure from 
their city and church, they regard 
it as exceedingly fortunate that he 
has decided to remain with the New 
Hampshire Conference, and minister 
to one of its great parishes, instead 
of returning West, as was supposed 
to be his purpose after his university 



The First Methodist Episcopal 
Society of Concord, whose pastor 
Mr. Thomas has been for the last 
three years, was organized March 
12, 1825, but was a part of another 
circuit for several years, and did not 
attain to the dignity of being a 
separate station until 1830, when 
Rev. Samuel Kelley became its first 
minister, he serving the same year 
as chaplain of the State Prison and 



A Change of Pastorates 



293 



of the New Hampshire Legislature, 
receiving $52 for the former service 
and $30 for the latter in addition to 
the $88 paid him by the people of 
his parish, or $190 in all for his year's 
labor, which was far more strenuous 
than that of any pastor in Concord 
or Manchester today. 



has sufficed for the accommodation 
of the parish till the present time, 
$2,500 having been expended in 
repairs and improvements in 1874. 
and $3,750 four years later, when 
the house was raised up, vestries 
put underneath, and a new tower 
constructed. 




St. Paul's Methodist Episcopal Church, Manchester, N. II. 



In January, 1831, the site of the 
present church, at the corner of 
North State and Chapel Streets was 
purchased for $200, and during the 
year a church edifice was erected, at 
a cost of $2,500, the same being dedi- 
cated December 1. With various 
repairs and alterations this building 



The society grew and flourished 
until 1884, when a division arose, 
and the Baker Memorial Church and 
Society were organized, occupying 

a new church toward the south part 
of the city. The division leaves two 
weaker churches in the place of one 
strong one, but the people, altogether, 



294 



The Granite Monthly 



are perhaps better accommodated 
than before. 

There have been many strong men 
among the numerous pastors minis- 
tering to the First Church, such 
names as those of Revs. Warren F. 
Evans, Elisha Adams, 0. H. Jasper, 
Alfred E. Drew, M. W. Prince, Leon 
C. Field and Orange W. Scott being 
included in the list, but none whose 
service has been more efficient and 
satisfactory than that of Mr. Thomas. 



St. Paul's M. E. Church of Man- 
chester was organized as the Second 
Methodist Episcopal Church, Decem- 
ber 16, 1839, and a chapel was soon 
built for its accommodation on the 
corner of Hanover and Chestnut 
Streets. In 1843 a brick church 
edifice was erected on Elm Street, 
between Market and Merrimack, 
where services were held until 1882, 
when Smyth's Hall was temporarily 
used for the purpose, the society 
meanwhile erecting the elegant and 
commodious edifice which it now 
occupies, at the corner of Union and 
Amherst Streets, the same being 



completed and dedicated in April, 
1883, at the close of the three-years 
pastorate of Rev. Alfred E. Drew, 
one of the most successful of the 
many able pastors of this church, 
who included, among others, Revs. 
Osmon C. Baker, Elisha Adams, 
Richard S. Rust, James Pike and 
James M. Buckley — all recognized 
leaders in the Methodist ministry 
in New England. Mr. Thomas suc- 
ceeds Rev. R. J. Elliott and enters 
a field of labor in which he will find 
ample opportunity for the exercise 
of all his powers, this being the 
largest and most influential parish 
in the Conference. That he will 
prove equal to all the demands of 
the situation is not to be doubted. 
The present mentbership of St. 
Paul's Church is about 500, and the 
average attendance upon Sunday ser- 
vices 350; while the Sunday School, 
including the Cradle-roll and Home 
Departments, numbers 650. The 
church edifice has been greatly im- 
proved during the past year, and a 
new steam-heating plant is about to 
be installed in place of the hot air 
furnace. 



AUTUMN 

By Bela Chapin 

'Tis the time of autumn now, 
Leaves are falling from the bough; 
Withered leaves are they and dead, 
All around our pathway spread. 

Chilled by frost and wind and rain 
Few of autumn flowers remain; 
And the birds of summer day 
Almost all are flown away. 

Though the autumn time is here 
It is not a season drear; 
Health from which enjoyment springs 
Now the cool October brings. 



THE SETTLEMENT OF DURHAM POINT 



By Rev. Everett S. Stack-pole, D.D. 



Durham Point, first known as 
Oyster River Point, was the name 
given to the point of land lying be- 
tween the mouth of Oyster River and 
Willey's Creek. Here the road, or 
bridle-path, perhaps first an Indian 
trail winding through the forest, 
terminated, and from this point there 
was a ferry in early days to Fox Point 
on the opposite shore of Newington. 
The Point District gradually grew to 
include all the land lying between 
Oyster River and Mathes Creek, later 
called Crommett's Creek. It stretches 
along the western shore of Little Bay 
for two miles, and its beauty and 
fertility soon attracted settlers from 
Capt. John Mason's colony at Newich- 
awannock, now known as South Ber- 
wick, from Capt. Wiggin's company 
at Dover Neck, and some from Ports- 
mouth. Others came from nobody 
knows just where, but* the majority 
of them all seem to have been men 
from Devonshire and the south of 
England. 

Darby Field, who has been called 
an Irish nan without any proof of that 
fact or to the contrary, was the first 
known settler at the Point. Much 
has been written by the aid of fancy 
about his exploration of Mount Wash- 
ington, a deed of valor and hardship 
at that time. He was here as early 
as 1639, when he signed the Exeter 
Combination for local government, 
since Exeter at that time claimed 
land extending a mile north of Oyster 
River. He kept an ordinary and was 
licensed to sell wine in 1644. Am- 
brose Gibbons was appointed to 
administer his estate, 1 Oct. 1651, 
and Strawberry Bank was required 
to contribute toward the expenses 
of the "imprisonment of Darbey 
Field & keepinge him who was dis- 
tracte of his wits." It is now asserted 
that he was born in Boston, England, 
about 1610, and came to Boston, 
Mass., about 1636. So he was not an 



Irishman after all, any more than 
John Thompson, first settler at Odi- 
orne's Point, was a Scotchman, as 
historians would have it for a long 
time, but his marriage to Amias Cole 
has been found in Plymouth, England. 

Darby Field, in 1645, sold his farm 
at Oyster River Point to John Bick- 
ford, "except a breadth of land now 
in the possession of Thomas Willey." 
This Thomas Willey lived a short 
distance south of Field and gave his 
name to Willey's Creek, which it 
bears to this day. He was born in 
1617 and married Margaret, widow 
of Stephen Crawford, who had land 
at Oyster River still earlier than 
Willey and of whom little is known. 
His name is Scotch and so is the name 
Willey. The latter may have been a 
servant or apprentice in the family of 
Darby Field and probably had the 
breadth of land from Field's farm as 
a gift. There is no recorded deed to 
Field nor to Willey. The first settlers 
sat down where they liked best on 
unoccupied land, by right of what was 
known in later time as Squatter Sov- 
ereignty, "to have and to hold," 
undisputed in their claim except for 
the opposition of the Mason heirs 
and the redmen. Neither succeeded 
in ousting the hardy and adventurous 
settlers. 

Would that somebody would un- 
ravel the snarled and twisted families 
of Bickfords. There name is Legion, 
for they are many, though quite unlike 
the first known man called Legion. 
There was John Bickford of Oyster 
River Point, and Thomas Bickford 
of Scarborough, whose son John came 
to Dover Neck, and Benjamin Bick- 
ford of Newington, and Henry Bick- 
ford of Strawberry Bank, all probably 
related, yet the connecting link is 
hidden, we will not say lost. This 
John Bickford at Oyster River, who 
kept the ordinary and managed 
Bickford's Ferry for a long time, 



296 The Granite Monthly 

married, as I think, Temperance, Creek before the year 1650, the an- 

daughter of the Rev. Joseph Hull, cestor of the late Governor John F. 

He had a garrison house close by the Hill of Maine. Deacon Joseph Ambler 

bank of the Bay, and the defence of lived here after Hill left it and gave a 

it at the time of the massacre in 1694 permanent name to the Ambler's 

by his son Thomas was the note- Islands. 

worthy incident magnified by Mather Richard Bray, and Thomas Hum- 
in his Magnalia and versified by a phrey "the stiller," who furnished 
New Hampshire poetess in the August the liquid then thought indispensable, 
number of the Granite Monthly. and a man name Hilliard lived for a 

Jonas Bines had six acres adjoin- little while on small lots south of the 

ing to Bickford's land on the north- Hill-Ambler farm, but John Ault soon 

west, called ever since Jonas's Point, added all their acres to his broad 

He was the first owner of the Islands estate that stretched on both sides 

called Ambler's Islands, in the Little of Plum Swamp Brook and as far 

Bay. He left no descendants. south as Long Creek. John Ault 

Next to Bines, William Beard first was another of Capt. John Mason's 
owned land and sold it in 1640 to pioneers and settled here about the 
Francis Matthews, the same doubt- year 1635. He left no sons but two 
less who married, 22 Nov. 1622, daughters. One was Remembrance, 
Thomasine Channon at Ottery St. who married John Rand, Jr., son of 
Mary, a little way from Exeter, Francis Rand of the Mason company, 
Devonshire, birthplace of the poet and the other was Rebecca, who 
Coleridge. Matthews was one of married first Henry Hallowell, and 
Capt. John Mason's men, who came second Thomas Edgerly. Ault di- 
to build the mills on Great Works vided his farm between his two 
River, South Berwick, 1630-1634. sons-in-law, and both had houses 
The surname is now written Mathes near the shore. That of Edgerly 
by many of his descendants, and the was burned by the Indians in 1694, 
old farm is still in the possession of a and some of his family were taken to 
Mathes. Long may it remain so. Canada. He, however, and a wounded 
There is no more beautiful outlook son escaped and the next day pe- 
in Durham, place of many fine views, titioned that the house of his brother- 
Francis' son, Benjamin Matthews, in-law, John Rand, who with wife 
had wife Dorothy, and I think she Remembrance had probably been 
was widow of Oliver Kent and sister slain by the Indians, should be the 
to Temperance, wife of John Bickford. garrison house of that region. The 
She was certainly sister to Naomi, Hon. Lucien Thompson, well known 
wife of Davey Daniel. These are to readers of the Granite Monthly 
the unaccounted for daughters of recently searched with me amid the 
the Rev. Joseph Hull, as I might trees and bushes for traces of the 
explain at another time. residences of Thomas Edgerly and 

South of Willey's Creek were at John Rand. We found the cellar of 

first a few fishermen's huts. Here the former on an elevated spot, per- 

lived Charles Adams for a short haps a dozen rods from the mouth 

time and gave his name to Charles' of long Creek, now sometimes called 

Point, later Ambler's Point. Adams Disappearing Creek, and on the 

built his garrison on an eighteen acre north side. The site overlooks the 

lot south of the road leading from the whole Bay. There was in the early 

Point to the Falls and near the Mathes days a public Landing near the 

burial place. This was burned in mouth of the Creek and a road there- 

1694 and fifteen of the Adams family from, also a mill, which was probably 

were massacred and buried in a a tide-mill at the very mouth of the 

common grave. John Hill got pos- Creek. It required but little search 

session of the land south of Willey's to find plain indications of the cellar 



The Settlement of Durham Point 



297 



of John Rand, in the southeastern 
corner of the field now owned by Mr. 
Kingman, three or four rods from 
the shore of Little Bay and close to 
a fine spring of water. The depres- 
sion of the surface and the presence 
of pieces of brick mark the spot well. 
These garrison houses have never 
before been ascertained as to loca- 
tion. 

Thomas Edgerly also owned land 
south of Long Creek, and next to 
him first lived William Perkins, who 
sold his place to his son-in-law, John 
Wheeler, and removed to Exeter. 
Here John Wheeler and wife Eliza- 
beth were killed by Indians, 27 April, 
1706, and their children took refuge 
in caves along the shore of the Bay. 
One of those boys, Joseph Wheeler, 
became a deacon in the church at 
Durham. 

Next south came a reservation of 
pine timber for the common use of 
the town, and then the old estate of 
the Drew family, where Thomas 
Drew and his wife Tamsen spent their 
long lives after their return from 
captivity among the Indians, and 
where they are said to have had four- 
teen children. This place is now 
known as the James Kent farm. The 
Drew burial place is easily found down 
in the middle of the field, a little 
west of a brook that empties into 
Branson's Creek. The marble head- 
stones of Joseph and John Drew are 
broken down, but the inscriptions 
can still be read. 



Next we come to the farm that lias 
been in the possession of the Kent 
family ever since Oliver Kent had 
a grant of seventy acres here in 1656. 
It extends from Branson's Creek 
through to M allies Creek, now called 
Crommett's Creek, and the view from 
Eben Kent's door is of itself enough 
to make life happy. In three direc- 
tions it takes in ten miles or so of 
water and landscape that delight the 
untrained eye of one who simply loves 
the beautiful. There are also many 
historic memories that add value to 
all the scenes pointed out in this 
article, and Durham Point will long 
be visited and remembered both for 
what it is and for what it was in the 
times of Indian depredations. All 
the old Plantation of Oyster River 
suffered as much or more than Coche- 
cho and Salmon' Falls. Nearly every 
house was assaulted in 1694. Only 
twenty were left standing after the 
massacre and ninety-four persons 
were killed or carried into captivity, 
some never to return. We can little 
realize by what sacrifices and hard- 
ships our ancestors purchased this 
fair land for us. Shall the scattered 
descendants let the ancestral homes 
be neglected and pass into the pos- 
session of strangers, who know nothing 
and care nothing about the thrilling 
traditions of the past? All of these 
old homesteads at Durham Point 
ought to be annual rallying places of 
thankful and proud descendants of 
brave and noble pioneer-. 



THE MOUNTAIN WITH THE CROSS 

Hail, thrice hail! to thee, thou La Fayette, 

Noblest mountain of thy clime, 
Prince of all the highland region 'round, 

Emblem of a future time. 



Thou wast built of finest granite rock, 
Heaved into a mountain high, 

Till thy great and massive shoulder tops 
Pierced the depths of azure sky. 



298 The Granite Monthly 

Oft have fierce and wildly raging storms 

Hurled their fury 'gainst thy side, 
And thou laughed at all their vain assaults, 

Taunting, mocking in thy pride. 

Yet thou art in wondrous beauty wrought, 

Richly clothed in vesture green, 
With thy dimly, purpled outline hue 

Mingling in the distant scene. 

Worthy wast thou to be deemed fit 

On thy breast to bear The Cross, 
Hiding it except in vernal spring 

'Mid thy crannied rocks and moss. 

Peaceful mountain, thou art glorified, 

For the sun when drooped to set, 
Casts its crimsoned, purpled twilight shades 

Round thy head, great La Fayette. 

Reginald F. Chutter 



THE PINKHAMS 

A Genealogy in Rhyme 

By P. L. F. 

In Dover's ancient settlement first of the name is found: 
Here Richard 1 of fair Devon tilled his fertile planting ground; 
Built strong his old time garrison; the Indians defied; 
Reared too his little family, and, in time's fulness, died. 

Richard, 2 John, 2 and Thomas 2 — these were his children three — 
Old Dover Neck was Richard's 2 home, a skilled wood worker he. 
John 2 lived in the old garrison where Bellamy's waters glide, 
And Thomas 2 dwelt on Bloody Point, by the Piscataqua's side. 

The sons of Richard 2 second were — Richard, 3 Tristram, 3 John 3 — 
Dick 3 sailed away from Dover, to Nantucket isle he's gone; 
Tristram 3 lived in Dover town, like many of his name ; 
Of John 3 we only know the year in which his birthday came. 

John, 2 son of Richard 1 first, had six sons as you'll notice; 
They were Richard, 3 Thomas, 3 Solomon, 3 Amos, 3 James, 3 and Otis 3 — 
Three daughters too were born to him, which makes his offspring nine, 
A goodly addition to the growing Pinkham line — 

Of Thomas, 2 son of Richard l first, the records are not clear; 
That he left any issue does not from them appear. 
Twelve children, thus, the sum of generation three, 
Born on the Neck of Dover, far famed in history. 



A BLACKSMITH IN THE PULPIT 
AND PARISH 

By Rev. E. P. Tenney 



Of the men of the Nineteenth 
Century, my father was literally one 
of the foremost; coming in early, — on 
the thirty-fifth day. 1 

A few years ago on the Connecti- 
cut river bank at Haverhill, I paced 
up and down, under a row of June 
maples, where, ninety-four years ago, 
my father, at seventeen, paced up and 
down all one evening. By the silent 
river he debated with himself ques- 
tions relating to eternity and a divme 
sonship, and the possibility of a 
divine indwelling to reform his own 
life. One of his intimate friends 
had just left the Meadow and its 
maples, and entered into a Better 
Country. His own sister, too, at 
fifteen, had just passed over the river 
into the Unseen Land. Then and 
there, under cover of the darkness, 
he made up his mind to find in Jesus 
the Christ his best friend and to follow 
wherever He might lead. Then a 
great light appeared to shine upon 
his lonely pathway, and he returned 
to his comrades, urging them to walk 
with him in the new way. 

Abiding in an irreligious family, 
far from friendly counsel, his new 
course was often clouded. "I after- 
ward found out," he said, "that in 
giving up my will to God, I kept 
something back, in order to do what I 
had a mind to, and it did not work 
well. Then I began all over again, 
and left all to follow the Master." 
The peace of God and the divine 
energy then came into his life and 
abode with him. 

Some five years bet ore this he had 
come down from the hills of 
Corinth with his father's family to 
dwell on the Oxbow Meadow at 
Newbury. They were hardly settled 

iRev. Asa Peaslee Tenney (February 4, 1801-Marc 
Jonathan and Anna (Bayley); pastor at Hebron and 
shire, 1833-1867. 



in their new home before his oldest 
sister and his father were suddenly 
removed from life by what would now 
be called a form of meningitis. One 
brother of seventeen remained, and 
six young children, with their mother. 
As ' by a tempest the little flock 
was separated in thick darkness. 
But the Good Shepherd came to 
deliver them out of all places whither 
they were scattered in the cloudy and 
dark day. 

The lads were self reliant and 
resourceful. Ephraim, eight years 
old, at once assumed self support; 
and at twenty-five was a Wyoming 
circuit preacher. 

Asa, my father, went to live with 
his uncle Asa, whose son Abner was 
seventeen, and whose daughter Mary 
—my mother — was then ten years 
old. My mother's mother, Polly 
White — who was granddaughter of 
Abner Bayley, for forty years pastor 
in Southern New Hampshire,— became 
at once truly a godmother to Asa, 
her nephew, by giving him systematic 
religious training. Quite possibly, too, 
the quiet but positive character of 
my mother was not without influence 
upon him. 

The boy, however, was not a girl, 
to be easily led in the way he should 
go. He did as other lads did in his 
early teens; and was already con- 
scious of a certain capacity for leader- 
ship, with a few wild oats to sow, 
boy fashion, in roguish pranks that 
appealed to the lively and frolicsome. 
Determined to be a man, he had ere 
long a secret pipe and tobacco plug, 
and indulged in such occasional rude- 
ness of speech as growing boys thought 
manly. When working in the cold, 
too, as all boys had to work— will or 
nil— in a relatively new settlement, it 

h 2, 1807) was born at Corinth, Vermont. The son of 
Groton, 1828-1833, and at West Concord. New Hamp- 



300 



The Granite Monthly 



was common for boys and men to 
warm themselves a bit by drinking 
rum. Altogether, as he was fast 
becoming a man, he was bound out, 
at sixteen, an apprentice to Morse, 
the Horse Meadow blacksmith. Here 
he wrought five years. Then set up 
his own shop for two years at Haver- 
hill Corner. 



his oldest brother a home at Corinth. 
Three younger brothers were here or 
there, earning and living as best they 
might. Quite by himself on the 
riverbank that night, he was his own 
master, held to a sane course in his 
life's work by the necessity and the 
wholesome discipline of daily toil. 
His decision on the riverbank was 




Rev. Asa Peaslee Tenney 



On the night of his lonely walk on 
the riverbank, about a year after he 
went to the shop on the Meadow, he 
not only bemoaned Miss Kimball's 
death, and that of his own sister two 
years younger than himself, but his 
mother with her youngest three 
children had now made for herself a 
new home on the Susquehanna, and 



what the Platonists called "the flight 
of one alone to the Only One." Little 
as he thought of it at the time, his 
new purpose so fashioned his life, that 
he finally left the anvil, in order to 
"hammer out and weld sermons." 

Of an impulsive, ardent nature, 
sanguine temperament, quick in decis- 
ion, he did not confer with flesh and 



A Blacksmith in the Pulpit and Parish 



301 



blood, but set out to be of use in the 
world; taking a positive attitude in 
promoting social religious meetings, 
and pleading with friends privately to 
do as he sought to do as a disciple of 
the Son of Man. 

On one memorable night his voice 
alone was heard with that of the 
pastor. A young man took him by 
the hand, saying, "You are a Chris- 
tian, I want you to tell me how to 
become a Christian." It was the 
beginning of a great revival, and the 
blacksmith left his forge forever. 1 

It had been said that he fitted for 
college at Haverhill and studied theo- 
logy and medicine at Dartmouth. His 
Latin and Greek books looked down 
upon me in childhood days from an 
honored shelf in his library, and his 
scholarly tastes, habits and influence 
were recognized in his later years by 
an honorary degree from Dartmouth. 

For self discipline and for earning, 
he - taught school across the road 
from my mother's home. His teach- 
ing was as thoroughgoing as his 
blacksmith work and much in demand. 
At Bath, one of his pupils was Enoch 
N. Bartlett, sometime professor at 
Oberlin and Olivet, and secretary of 
the Colorado College trustees. 

With Grant Powers, his pastor, and 
President Bennett Tyler, at Dart- 
mouth, he studied theology; and took 
a course of medical lectures at Han- 
over. After five years' study, he was 
licensed to preach by the Orange 
Association at Orford, November, 
1827. In Father Goddard's pulpit 
at Norwich, Vermont, he preached 
his first sermon the next Sunday. 

II 

In the hill country of New Hamp- 
shire he then found two feeble Home 
Missionary churches, six miles apart, 
each divided against itself, and each, 
as he reported, "Orthodox to death." 
On going there three or four Sundays, 
there were those who instantly re- 
sponded to the Gospel appeal and 

!Thi3 was at Haverhill comer. The shop on the Meadow stood till 1855. I found a great elm hard by 
the site, that had watched over the blacksmith boy. 



entered into new paths of life. Here 
he was ordained, June 18, 1828. His 
study was in an attic. On May 29, 
1829, my mother took up her abode 
with him, their house looking out 
upon Newfound Lake. Their five- 
years mission there was attended with 
more than seventy conversions in 
that sparse population, forty being 
added to the church in Hebron, and 
thirty-one in Groton. 

In these churches, there was one 
revival of marvelous power. Said 
Father Rolfe, the old minister, to the 
young pastor, "The Lord is coming," 
even before the power appeared. 
One night, in a school-house meeting, 
a church member came out into the 
floor, and kneeled and asked forgive- 
ness of all his brethren; and all the 
rest of the brethren present followed, 
till all were weeping and kneeling 
together. An infidel school-teacher, a 
young woman of strong intellect, was 
converted, and she led a very useful 
life thenceforth, spending the strength 
of her days as a teacher in the South. 
"I shall never forget you," wrote one, 
many years after, "Your earnest, 
warm-hearted talk awakened me." 

One young man of thirty had 
separated from his wife, and quarreled 
with his wife's relatives, and had not 
spoken to them for months; but the 
Spirit of the Lord found him out, and 
he spent hours in a barn in the night 
praying for mercy. In the night he 
went round to his wife's relatives, 
and on his knees asked their forgive- 
ness for his violence toward them. 
A terrible struggle he had with his 
temper, but gave good evidence of a 
changed life. 

Another man was milking in his 
barn-yard, and making fun of the 
revival in his talk, when suddenly he 
arose, ran to the house, and with eyes 
streaming with tears, put down his 
pail, and did not stop to answer the 
questions of his wife, but ran to a 
neighbor, and finding him at family 
prayers, kneeled by his side, and cried, 
"Oh, pray for me;" and they contin- 



302 



The Granite Monthly 




o 
o 

c 
o 
O 






e 
a 

E- 



> 



u 

a 



A Blacksmith in the Pulpit and Parish 



303 



ued there praying until he found peace 
in Christ. He said that while he had 
been engaged in his blasphemy against 
God and his revilings against religion, 
his sins appeared to him us if all 
written on a roll and let down before 
his eyes, and therefore it was that he 
arose and ran to cry for mercy. 

One old man rode in a storm two 
miles to the shop of an unbeliever, 
and then could only say to him "I 
have come to tell you how anxious 
I am for your salvation; " he could say 
no more; but his tears and his earnest- 
ness made an impression which the 
unbelieving man could not shake off, 
till he himself went to the house of 
God and began upon a new course 
in life. 

This revival was in the height of 
haying time. This blacksmith who 
had turned preacher believed that 
the same God ruled in January and 
in July, and that Christians ought to 
work for the salvation of men in the 
summer as well as in the winter. 

This was a characteristic of his 
whole ministry, as it was continued 
in another parish — West Concord — 
for thirty-four years, in unceasing 
activity, knowing no rest summer nor 
winter. 

He despised vacations, and was 
too busy to go to the mountains or 
to stay long by the sea. When I 
lived in a seaside paradise at Cape 
Ann, he was content there for a day, 
possibly two, then wanted to hurry 
home; for some child was sick on 
"Horse Hill," or in "Number Four." 
Throughout a district five miles by 



five, he wanted to be on hand to 
share it if anybody had trouble. He 
did not want to go to Europe, he 
wanted to work in his parish, and 
he did this early and late. Into 
every house he went far and near — 
went in as a pastor, went out as a 
friend. And many a time in swelter- 
ing weather, amid the farm lands, 
he was visiting the young people, 
conversing with inquirers, gathering 
his spiritual harvest w r hen the hay-' 
makers or the reapers were busy. 

He had within himself a fountain 
of life, like a well of living water, 
which refreshed him for new labors 
day by day; each day he was fresh 
and vigorous and full of force. He 
w r as always "engaged." Said a good 
Methodist woman one summer, "There 
is quite a revival in the West parish 
but Mr. T. seems to be the only one 
who is engaged. 

Ill 



The pictuie on the opposite page is of the house at 
West Concord, New Hampshire, where I was born, 
September 29, 183.5. My father and mother were 
standing in the yard when this view was taken some- 
time "alter the war." The top of a "cat-head" apple 
tree rises from "the hollow" in the foreground south. 
In the door yard between the tree top and the ell of the 
house, my brother (Dr. A. P. Tenney of Kansas City) 
and I used to cut up the year's supply of wood upon 
winter mornings before school, rising often at three 
o'clock if the moon was shining; and I further "learned 
to work when I was a boy" in the garden south of the 
end of the barn. The tree tops over the ell mark the 
oichard, where as a very small boy, at my mother's 
bidding, I read Oliver Goldsmith's histories. The win- 
dow nearest the shed door lighted my father's study. 
In the 34 years that he sat by his study table the floor 
was cut through or deeply marked by his constant feet 
and the uneasy legs of his study chair. Over the front 
door, the training of the grape vine was a bit of my 
handiwork. 



He waked up, all new to his work, 
every morning at two o'clock in 
summer and four in the winter — and, 
with boyish enthusiasm even to old 
age, worked two hours before day; 
having an hour for devotions, and 
then in immediate connection with 
it taking his material fresh from the 
Bible for next Sunday service — 
kindling his soul before forging the 
sermon. In those early morning 
hours he learned to pray, having at 
times eminent power in prayer; always 
simple and childlike in praying, 
like a man who lives near to God, he 
had on special public occasions 
remarkable fitness and unction. 

The main part of the day he gave 
to the parish, but the earliest of 
early hours to study. The sharp 
corners of his study chair in thirty- 
four years cut through an inch board; 
his feet wore the flooring under his 
study table, as a blacksmith's floor 
wears away by years of work at the 
forge and anvil. 

His views of Bible truth were 
clear and decided; and he used "thus 
saith the Lord" like the fire and the 



304 



The Granite Monthly 



hammer. Like a master workman 
he had a glowing forge in every school- 
house in his parish. He taught 
Bible truth in Bible method. Mighty 
in the Scriptures, he did not make 
nice distinctions and definitions, or 
set forth dry bones. He little used 
the logic of the doctors, but — amaz- 
ingly logical — the logic of common 
sense. Weighing his words, he knew 
what he said and fitted the truth to 
his hearers in that very moment. 

For the sermon manuscripts, I 
myself had a hand in their making. 
This is attested to this day by their 
having been badly blotted by little 
fingers in the minister's ink. 

There were no moral essays, no 
glittering qualities, but particular 




Old Congregational Church, West Concord 

practical points, sharp and barbed. 
Red-hot Pauline appeal to conscience 
and divine authority was the main 
characteristic. The spirit of the 
Bible more than the letter, the har- 
mony of Scripture doctrine rather 
than the twisting of single texts, 
these were the forces. By heat and 
hammering the whole work was so 
welded as to make a unit, massive 
and impressive. The style direct, 
the sentences clear and simple, the 
texts taken from the warm heart of 
the Scriptures — what could be better? 
The scope of the reign of Christ, the 
moral dignity of the divine kingdom, 
the love of God, and the peril of moral 
carelessness were the themes set forth 
in their personal relations. 

If he had few books, they were 
well selected; perhaps two hundred. 
The Bible words he so stuck to, and 



so lodged in his mind, that in his 
early ministry he could turn to almost 
any passage without a concordance. 
He studied his people. He studied 
newspapers and found out what 
kind of a world he was living in. 
He had the latest learning from 
Andover hill, the Scotch learning and 
the English. He read Macaulay; 
and the latest news from the canni- 
bal islands turning to God. 

The faces of the world's great 
preachers, evangelists, and philan- 
thropists, both men and women, 
looked down upon him from little 
black frames in two rows — seven and 
five — where he could constantly see 
them when he sat by the north 
window tipped back, meditating, on 
two legs of his chair- — which he wig- 
gled more or less in order to cut- 
through the floor boards. 

He did not a little thinking in 
riding about the parish, connecting 
Bible truths with practical spiritual 
conditions. My sister, Mrs. Mary 
Tenney Hatch, who often rode with 
him, reports that he frequently sang 
in the riding, 

"Guide Me, O Thou great Jehovah." 

When my brother and I were berry- 
picking on picturesque and rugged 
hill slopes, looking off toward Kear- 
sarge, we heard the swift wheels of 
my father's gig in the road hard by, 
and noted with glee his Jehu-like 
driving, and heard him singing, — 

"I am weak, but Thou art mighty, 
Hold me with Thy powerful hand." 

IV 

His relation to the parish seemed 
like that of a father to a family. 
My wife Nellie used to ride with him 
to make hill top farm house calls at 
eight o'clock on a June morning. 
He had already been up and about 
his work for six hours, and the farm 
house had been astir for four hours. 
By the rural time the hour was far 
advanced. He had been singing 
snatches of holy hymns along the 



A Blacksmith in the Pulpit and Parish 305 

rugged roadway, and now he entered the morning'*' to greet my father: 

a home where Death had called in the "I have come to tell you that I have 

month of May, and became in tender- served satan long enough." I recall 

ness like a Son of Consolation. Some another who kept a bottle of rum at 

years ago I called upon an Irishwoman, the head of his bed, who was led to 

one of the "West Concord mill hands put a Bible in its place for a spiritual 

when I was a child. The tears came eye-opener. I recall another man 

to her eyes and her voice softened my father used to go to see every time 

when she told me how much my he was over tempted by the rum fiend, 

father had been to her and her hus- nor would he give him up or allow 

band in sickness and sorrow, and she him to be turned out of the church, 

could but bemoan his long absence but held onto him as long as he lived, 

in the heavenly hill country. To promote the evangelization of 

For many years he gathered the the parish, this business-like Black- 
young people into his study once a smith had eight hundred religious 
week, and expounded to them texts books sold to the neighbors, and one 
of scripture they handed in, and hundred and eighteen religious papers 
prayed with them; and many of subscribed for. 
them were led to Christ. He was always on hand, ready to 

He preached to all his parish, preach at home or abroad, quick to 

There were about seven hundred at think on his feet and talk to the 

first, and about as many at the last, point. Living at West Concord he 

some being taken away in forming a averaged more than four sermons a 

new church in a new village rising week for fifty-two weeks in a year 

within his early precinct. His people for thirty-four years. Including his 

were so scattered that the Sabbath Newfound Lake ministry, he aver- 

congregation was rarely above one aged fifteen sermons a month for 

hundred and fifty or two hundred, thirty-nine years, 
and yet he reached all once a month 

by his school-house meetings. There V 
were "early candle light" appoint- 
ments, and the tallow dips and whale With him, the perfection of the 
oil wicks of all the neighbors came in. sermon itself was never the main 
The people always turned out to thing, but to make a spiritual impres- 
listen to his kindly, faithful words, sion then and there. To secure 
The "home evangelization" work was results, he went at it with tools 
in this respect a complete success, adapted to the end sought. Early 
All heard him. In the sound health the sermons were written, later only 
of the first half of his long pastorate in outline. Early he stammered a 
he preached five sermons a week; on little, and hesitated in the beginning, 
every week having two or three but always fired up and made that 
lectures at some school-house, while good ending which Dr. Payson said 
he always kept up all clay meetings made a good sermon. The last 
once a year in each school district, third never failed to be thoroughly 
and not unfrequently other week day alive, strong in thought, in word, 
lectures. In "Number Four" and and in emotion. 
"Number Five," where there were A hard student by night at all 
one hundred and seventeen inhabit- hours during the first half of his 
ants, there were thirty-six conversions ministry, there came, inevitably, an 
leaving fewer than fifty of all ages impaired vigor, but he relinquished 
who were not on the Christian roll. no part of the parochial routine or 

I recall one resolute young fellow number of services. To pore over 

from this west side of the parish who his books or to elaborate his style 

walked four miles through two feet seemed to him a less certain present 

of new snow before four o'clock in good than personal sympathy. 



306 



The Granite Monthly 



The discipline of day by day work, 
learned when a boy, made itself felt 
in a certain directness and force and 
practical power. As our New Hamp- 
shire boy, Henry Wilson was a hard 
student when bound out to a farmer, 
and a leader in debate when working 
at the shoe bench, so too it was in my 
youth a matter of- local pride to 
point to Cyrus Wallace, one of the 
most notable ministers in New Eng- 
land, who was a house painter till 
he was thirty years old. At the age 
when others were in college or the 




Dr. Asa P. Tenney, Jr. 

seminary, he was in hand work. Yet 
when he went to preaching, there 
was fulfilled the saying that "He 
maketh his ministers a naming fire." 
"Some of my neighbors who went to 
college," he said to me, "think they 
need not study, but I need to study 
all the time." Blacksmiths and 
painters, by going to work the right 
way, and by working hard, may stand 
near the head of the profession. 

This Blacksmith in the pulpit 
illustrated his appeal to the common 
people by common things: so it 
was said in reproach of Socrates 
that smiths and cobblers figured in 



his conversations, as fishnets figured 
in the discourses of the Man of Galilee, 

It was a tradition of his Newfound 
Lake parish that he took to the sledge 
if need be. His word was often like 
a sudden blow of a heavy hammer. 
The guilty farmer, still unsubmissive 
to God, was reminded that "such 
rebellion would shame an ox." So 
Isaiah thought. 

At Woburn I once encountered a 
Mr. Cole who reported that in the 
region where he was born, at Hill in 
1817, my father was known as one 
who had been a blacksmith, and it 
was said that in preaching he gave 
solid heavy blows like a blacksmith. 
This accords with social usage in 
Iceland where every clergyman is 
also a blacksmith. 

There was moreover a certain 
eloquence born of conviction. Wen- 
dell Phillips once told the writer that 
he learned oratory by thirteen years 
advocacy of unwelcome truth in 
school-houses, six nights in a week, 
against earnest opposition; truth so 
unwelcome that he could not get a 
hall; opposition so great that he had 
to study all the arts of persuasion. 

Not a few country pastors are 
singularly eloquent in school-house 
preaching, and always at their best 
in seasons of "revival." I have, in 
this connection, heard such eloquence 
in the hill country as I have rarely 
heard in the city on any occasion. 

Was not Elisha a man able to 
manage a plow team of twelve yoke 
of oxen? Did not the sturdy prophet 
Amos tend cattle? Though they 
left the plow or the herd when they 
began to preach, still in working 
or waiting on oxen, they had thoughts 
of no mean order. Taking into 
account the circumstances connected 
with a revival of religion, one of the 
most eloquent men I ever heard, not 
excepting Boston's peerless orator, 
was a minister who worked hard on 
the farm six days in a week. 

My father could cut a swarth so 
handsomely and vigorously that I 
have heard old mowers praise "the 



priest 



as 



first in the field. He 



A Blacksmith in the Pulpit and Parish 



307 



managed a farm. So Dr. Emmons 
in his study turned out to be one of 
the best farmers in Franklin. So 
Sidney Smith sat in his house and 
worked his farm by a spy-glass and 
speaking trumpet! This blacksmith 
would take off his coat and work 
with a will in turning the soil or the 
hay; but he closely attended rather 
to the pulpit and the school-house. 

In his day it was common for the 
neighboring ministers to club to- 
gether and have "Four Days Meet- 
ings," first in one parish, then in 
another. For such work the Black- 
smith was eager and foremost. Said 
one in a neighboring parish — Dr. 
Bouton who labored by his side for 
more than thirty years — "I have 
heard him when I thought he was 
equal to Whitefield." "In school- 
house preaching," said the Concord 
manufacturer, David Holden, "I 
sometimes thought he was eloquent 
as Webster." 

His practical ability and business 
efficiency, his energy, his promptness, 
his assiduous and indefatigable toil 
in his chosen profession, so heartily 
attested by the association of his 
New Hampshire clerical neighbors, 
after he had passed away, were the 
direct outcome of his early discipline 
through regular work in a mechanical 
calling that tasked mental as well as 
physical resources; the outcome more- 
over of ten years vigorous church 
work as a layman before entering 
into his main life calling. 



VI 



As an influence upon the life of 
young people I will illustrate by the 
words of Judge Mellen Chamberlain, 
for some years the Librarian of 
Boston Public Library, whose early 
home was in Concord, "Your 
father," he said June 29th 1897, 
"was one of the strongest men New 
Hampshire ever produced; by native 
power fitted for distinction in public 
life; and to be classed always with 
the foremost in all around ability — 
one easily a match for whatever he 



undertook. He was one of the three 
men to whom I owe the most in the 
formative period of my life. His 
influence is in my life today, intel- 
lectually and morally." Yet Judge 
Chamberlain's knowledge of him was 
that of a boy, a student, an ambi- 
tious young lawyer in a neighboring 
parish, as at Pembroke, at the old 
North or the South Church in Con- 
cord. 

To illustrate further by the attesta- 
tion of youth: there went out from 
the West Parish in Concord twenty- 




The Daughter of the House, 1856 
Mrs. Mary Tenney Hatch 

seven young people at one time to 
pursue courses of advanced schooling. 
One district of some forty pupils, as 
I first remember it, furnished twelve 
physicians, clergymen, professional 
teachers or scholars of college grade. 
In my own mental training at 
home, my father's influence was 
first, foremost and mainly through 
unvarying discipline of required labor 
well done and systematically applied to 
useful ends, and further, by insisting 
on the exercise of my own facul- 
ties in correcting intellectual "tenden- 
cies" he did not approve. His intel- 
lectual method, too, had great weight 



308 



The Granite Monthly 



with me — his broad range of intel- 
lectual hospitality, his early hours 
alone with God, his example of 
parochial faithfulness, and his intense 
patriotism, manifested in daily activi- 
ties through all his years. To me 
also it was apparent that his piety 
towards God, and altruism towards 
men were advanced by clear think- 
ing upon the moral basis of society. 

Throughout my whole life, when 
I have thought of doing anything 
thoroughly well, my mind has gone 
back, not to my text book teachers 
but to what my father taught me in 
routine work about the place before 
I was fifteen years old. "Be wise, 
be kind, be fearless, and faithful." 
were his condensed lectures to me 
on Pastoral Theology. Punctuality 
to the minute; decision; prudence; 
prompt perception of opportunity, 
and seizing it; will-power as an 
asset; the value of thrift, of mental 
breadth and public spirit; — how many 
indeed were the lessons set for my 
learning! 

Then, too, I confess to have been 
not a little attracted to my mentor 
by certain unexpected forms of speech. 

When I spoke of religious interest 
and encouragement to pray in my 
parish, he exclaimed, — "Encourage- 
ment to pray! Under our God, we 
are to expect it to rain when the 
sun shines!" 

We met Dr. Hidden when we were 
riding one day. "That man," he 
said to me, said much as he would if 
talking to himself, "that man is an 
idolater; worships a horse; a pro- 
fessedly pious man, too; belongs to 
Brother Parker's church." Nor could 
he be reconciled that the doctor had 
the better horse, which he had refused 
six hundred dollars for. 

His own big morgan Kate, who 
always pulled on the rein at twelve 
miles an hour, he always treated like 
a child, talking to her in the road. 
When I was a little lad I undertook to 
harness her, and I carelessly let the 
carriage house door swing in the 
wind upon her, making her "step 
lively." I cried "Whoa! Whoa!" 



Across the yard father shouted, — 
"She sha'n't whoa, with that door 
banging her heels." 

On the sandy south-east corner of 
our farm land, the grass spires were 
so far apart as to suggest riding from 
one to another. Yet Simon, the 
boy was seen mechanically "spread- 
ing" it after Sam's scythe. When 
"the priest" rode by, he drew rein 
on Old Kate, and called: "Simon! 
Simon!" The boy crossed the lot 
to the fence. "Simon, you are en- 
gaged in a work of supererogation." 
Then he drove on. "Sam" asked 
the returning boy, "Sam, what did 
he mean?" "I don't know. It is one 
of his confounded divinity words." 

He came to me on Cape Anne, and 
watched for a moment the dashing 
waves, the tide flow, and the glancing 
sunbeams on sparkling waters. Then 
he said most earnestly, and some- 
what confidentially, — "If I were you, 
I would mind my business, and let 
the sea mind his business." I did 
not have to tell him it was part of 
my business to mind the business 
of the sea, since he already believed 
that I thought so. But for his part, 
he chose at once to turn his back to 
it, and return to his dog-day parish. 

Did strangers sometimes wonder a 
little at his decided expressions? 
But they soon learned how reliable 
was his kindness. He was gentle 
and tender as any woman, yet 
full of masculine force. Modest and 
shrinking, he never put himself for- 
ward at large public meetings; nor 
did he ever have a taste for publicity. 
He knew how to manage, but dis- 
liked clerical wire pulling. He had 
no veneration for a thing because it 
was old; never asking what is the 
age, but what is the sense of it. 
What he said of many patent hum- 
bugs was not soon forgotten. 

Concerning his own neighbors he 
sometimes grew a little indignant in 
his private life; he did not see why 
men should be shiftless. He did not 
like sin. He loved law. He wanted 
to quit preaching three months to 
prosecute rascals. He sought to pro- 



A Blacksmith in the Pulpit and Parish 



309 



mote temperance and respectable 
politics in New Hampshire. He knew 
how to gain a point of opposing men, 
as sailors take long tacks to outwit 
the winds. But he was not tricky; 
he won the confidence of men by his 
sterling integrity; it was evident that 
he intended to do just right. His 
knowledge of men, his sound judg- 
ment, his hearty genial way, his 
large common sense drew the old 
and the young to himself. He was 
never a mere slick, ornamental min- 
ister. He was not afraid of a leather 
apron, or of rolling up his sleeves and 
going into any kind of business that 
needed to be done. He did with his 
might whatever his hands found to do, 
and did not always wait a week first 
to debate whether or not he should 
sacrifice his dignity in doing it. 

For one thing, a little singular in 
his generation, he made up his mind 
that the Unitarian pastor in Concord 
was a Christian, and extended to him 
the courtesy of a pulpit exchange. 
He was I think the first "Orthodox" 
minister in New Hampshire to think 
such a thing possible. 



His exchanging too included the 
beloved Episcopal rector Ten Broek. 
The founding of a Methodist Theo- 
logical School was welcomed by him, 
and the students were set to work in 
his parish. 

But his own one work was never 
neglected even to life's ending, — 
"This one thing I do." He constantly 
sought the regeneration of men. 
During a pastorate of thirty-four 
years, there was only one year in 
which there were no additions to 
the church. Enough were converted 
under his ministry in rural commu- 
nities to make a good congregation; 
three hundred and eighty-three were 
received to the churches under his 
care. 

If he sometimes erred, it was 
through being impulsive, sanguine 
and resolute. 

He occupied his pulpit until within 
six weeks of his passing on from life 
to life. "People ask me if I am 
reconciled! I have preached more 
than four hundred funeral sermons, 
and do you suppose I am afraid? O, 
glorious hour! O, blest abode!" 



THE HILLS AROUND THE FARM 

By Le Roy Smart 

It was in early youth 

I dwelt back on the old home-farm, 
Where hills looked down on me, 
Benign in sweet, relieving calm. 

'Twas but a boyish dream 

That bothered me each passing day, 
To know I was too small 

To go so very far away. 



I'd seen the green-clad hills 

Resplendent with the Autumn's gold, 
And I had seen their crests 

Turn white beneath the winter's cold. 



310 The Granite Monthly 

Alas! It was to me 

As though all things did come and go, 
From over and beyond 

The friendly hills I used to know. 

But then, in early youth, 

I was the farthest off from harm, 

Before I knew what lay 

Beyond the hills around the farm. 



LAUGH ON, PROUD WORLD 

By George Warren Parker 

Laugh on, proud world, with fiendish glee, 
Thy cruel stings cannot harm me, 
Who conscious am of purpose true 
And will not swerve nor halt for you. 
Those who today receive thy praise 
Tomorrow see thy fickle ways, — 

Laugh on, proud world, laugh on! 

He who by wealth is not decoyed, 
Will not by fame become alloyed, 
Seeks not thy paltry gifts, but those 
Which virtue and God's will impose, 
Will scarcely heed thy siren call 
Nor bow his neck to be thy thrall. — 
Laugh on, proud world, laugh on! 

The verdict of a faultless Judge 
Alone he asks; nor does he grudge 
Time serving men thy plaudits bought 
With loss of honor; no battles fought 
For truth and right 'gainst mighty foes, 
Thy lordlings, who the good oppose, — 
Laugh on, proud world, laugh on. 

Full many a prophet, sage, and seer 
Have known thy hate, but felt no fear, 
For Justice, though with tardy pace, 
In time to all gives their right place, 
Reverses thy short sighted aims 
And blazons bright despised names — 
Laugh on, proud world, laugh on. 

Perchance not now nor here we see 
Reward for what we tried to be; 
But when all flesh and things shall fail, 
The brightness of the spheres grow pale, 
We know, beyond the setting sun, 
In heaven we'll hear the words "Well done,"- 
Laugh on, proud world, laugh on. 



"SUN, STAND THOU STILL" 

By Fred Myron Colby 

The writer of this does not wish to upon the heroes of the Hebrew the- 

do violence to the convictions of ocracy, and their battles and patri- 

those who favor entirety in the scrip- otic deeds. Now if the verses in 

tural narrative, nor does he wish to question are studied carefully it will 

suggest a doubt even of the ability be seen that they are also poetical, 

of God to perform the phenomenon, having rhythmical character and ca- 

"Is there anything too hard for the dence. Then, as if to appologize for 

Lord?" is a sufficient answer to any breaking the thread of history by this 

of the ten thousand difficulties which extract from an uninspired source, the 

puny objectors have in all ages urged copyist concludes by an assertion, to 

against the truth of God in His written give it a show of impressiveness. 
word. But the record in Joshua x: 12- We know that it is held that the 

15, we believe to be an interpolation, sacred historians were not astrono- 

and when we give our reason for it mers, but would they have recorded 

we have little fear but that our con- that which could never have occurred? 

elusions will be sustained by every Under ordinary circumstances they 

Biblical student whose belief is tern- could not have known that it is the 

pered with discretion and learning. earth that moves, and the sun which 

There is not a more pleasing and is motionless; but if there had been 

vivid description of a great battle a miracle would not God have in- 

than that contained in the tenth structed them how to have recorded 

chapter of Joshua, if that 'part of it it properly? Since the acceptation of 

from the eleventh to the sixteenth the Copernican system to accept the 

verse is omitted. These four verses text in its literal signification can not 

mar a record that is otherwise un- be thought of, since that which is 

matched in the whole body of Script- stationary could not be stopped; the 

ure for its graphic effect. Nor is statement regarding the moon is not 

the marvelous and the supernatural reaffirmed, and as that body has a 

wanting, evidence of this occurring real and apparent motion, it would be 

through the entire narrative. "The influenced by laws which would not 

Lord cast down great stones from affect the larger luminary. But if we 

heaven," and "the Lord delivered it supposed that the earth stopped in its 

into his hand," and "The Lord God revolution around the sun, thus giving 

of Israel fought for Israel," etc. So an apparent halting to the latter orb, 

it cannot be objected that it is for then we are to suppose the working 

reason of its supernaturalness that we of a miracle ten thousand times as 

would expunge the record of the sup- vast as the text would imply, for that 

posed phenomenon. would involve the cessation of a law 

The careful reader will notice that that affects a million of planets whose 

a portion of these verses are paren- stationary center is the sun, since if 

thetical, that is, they are quoted one stopped the rest must, as the 

from another author, and evidently same law affects all. The matter of 

not inspired. "Is not this written in God's ability to perform this does not 

the book of Jasher?" This simple enter into the question. We admit 

acknowledgment is not the only cvi- the possibility, but did he? 
dence of the verses being excerpts Again, if such a stupendous phe- 

from the book mentioned. There is nomenon as the halting of the earth 

an internal evidence. The book of in its daily revolution had really oc- 

Jasher is known to have been one of curred, the chronological calculations 

poetry, being a collection of son^s of all races would have been affected 



312 The Granite Monthly 

by it. The event would have been encampment at Gilgal, after crossing 
observed by the entire world. We the Jordan, and only about six miles 
should find notices of it in their books, north of Jerusalem. The routed 
hieroglyphics and traditions. The Canaanites fled through the passes of 
scholars of Egypt, the savants of Bethhoran into the valley of Aija- 
Babylon, the learned Celestial, and Ion, which stretched westward to the 
the shrewdly observing Hindu would Mediterranean. Joshua was pursuing 
all have made mention of so notable them eagerly, taking advantage of 
an occurrence. We look in vain for their demoralized condition to pounce 
such information. There is no hint upon them before they could form 
of it in any pagan literature. The their broken ranks again. Here, if 
Greek fable of Phaeton driving the anywhere, he would make his invo- 
chariot of the sun and throwing all cation. His military eye would have 
things into disorder is plainly ficti- been full of the situation. But there 
tious, and alludes to something very was no possible need of such a miracle, 
different from the phenomenon men- God was fighting all the time for 
tioned in the Bible. Israel, and all through this valley 

But more significant than anything down to Azekah, great stones fell 
else is the fact that there is no sub- upon the enemy, so "that they were 
sequent reference, either in the Old more which died with hail stones 
or the New Testament, to this celes- than they which the children of Israel 
tial miracle. None of the old prophets slew with the sword." Besides, in the 
who are so careful to mention all the face of such a miracle as that, even 
instances of faith and the potentiality had there been need, it would have 
of prayer, allude to it. In the twenty- been almost profane to ask for an- 
eighth chapter of Isaiah allusion is other. We are persuaded the ven- 
made to the battle of Gibeon, but erable general would not, after such 
nothing is said about the sun stand- a glorious day, petition for further 
ing still. Would not so wonderful a proof of God's help, and certainly 
phenomenon outlive in prominence with his eye for utility, he could not 
the fact of the battle and the victory? have recognized the necessity. 
Habakkuk speaks of the sun and As to verse fifteen, it simply per- 
moon standing still in their habita- verts the whole inspired portion of the 
tions, but the whole strain is intensely narrative. If the verse belongs there, 
poetical and possesses no value as a it makes what follows inconsistent, 
foundation for rigid historical infer- Is it not more likely that that is false 
ence. The phraseology, in fact, reads than that the remainder of the chap- 
wonderfully like the rich imagery of ter is? 

the same volume of Jasher quoted in Joshua did not return at once ta 

Joshua. If he refers to that writer's Gilgal. He had obtained a glorious 

account he confirms nothing inspired, victory and his forces were pursuing 

but merely repeats the sentiment of the flying enemy. The five kings had 

an ancient heroic song. The Apostle been imprisoned within the cave 

Paul, one of the most learned men of where they sought refuge, near Make- 

his time, when he touches in the dah, and thither, after the pursuit 

eleventh chapter of Hebrews upon the was over, Israel encamped with their 

doughty deeds of the long line of victorious general. Further on in the 

sacred heroes, has nothing to say same chapter, Joshua's campaign is 

about this miracle, although the sub- sketched, step by step, and we see 

ject strongly invites it when he speaks that he continually went forward, — 

of the fame of Joshua. backward never. It was not until 

Lastly, let us look at Joshua's geo- the whole southern country was sub- 
graphical position. He had fought dued that he went back to Gilgal. In 
the pitched battle of Gibeon, which many versions this verse is omitted, 
lay in a west direction from his first particularly in the editions of the- 



Sun, Stand Thou Still 



313 



Seventy. And this is a very satis- 
factory disposition of it. 

And this is the disposition we would 
have made of the other verses regard- 
ing the miracle. Not because it is a 
miracle, but because it is uninspired. 
The passage is the only quotation in 
the Old Testament. There are allu- 
sions to other writers, but not a sin- 
gle word from any of them with this 
single exception is transcribed into 
the Biblical record. Many commen- 
tators are inclined to interpret the 
language of these verses as figurative 
and poetical. That they are so is 



plainly seen, since Jasher was a book 
of poems, but they are also unca- 
nonical. We not only believe that the 
sun and moon did not stand still, or 
the earth stop in its revolution, but 
we believe that the verses that assert 
this should be expunged from the 
sacred narrative. They break the 
continuity of the Scriptures, and con- 
fuse its history. The book of Joshua 
would be complete without them, and 
a stumbling-block would thus be re- 
moved which has led to much trouble 
and disputation. 



THE OUTWITTING OF CALEB JUDD 

By Mary C. Smith. 



The Nail-Keg Club was gathered 
as usual, around the stove in the 
village store of Windsor, one October 
night. It had been named thus by 
the resentful women whose affairs 
had been freely commented on there 
It had a new member, Cryus Perkins, 
who had lately moved into the town 
from North Richmond. He had as 
yet taken no part in the gossip nor 
told any stories. 

After Horace Stevens went out 
there arose a discussion as to whether 
Stevens was making any money on 
his farm; whether he fed his stock 
sufficiently, if his wife was saving 
enough, and as to which of his five 
children was the smartest. 

During a lull in the discussion 
Cyrus Perkins began in his nasal drawl : 
"That man Stevens reminds me of 
Caleb Judd up to North Richmond. 
Ever hear of him? No. Wa'al, Caleb 
was jest such a little skinny man as 
Stevens is, and the contrariest critter 
that I ever laid eyes on. He would 
git an idee in his head and you couldn't 
knock it out with a sledge hammer, 
and he was always looking after the 
almighty dollar. 

"His wife, Mirandy, was a big, 



stout woman, and she wasn't a bit 
afraid of Caleb. They had a darter, 
Susy, pretty girl, who was jest as 
bound to have her own way as Caleb 
was." 

"Now, Tom Austin, who was 
clerking at Bailey's store, was shining 
up to Susy. Tom w r as a short, dark- 
complected feller, poor as a church 
mouse, but reel spunky. Caleb made 
up his mind that Susy was going to 
marry 'Square' Barton, a rich old 
bach, fat and bald headed, and 
forty-five if he was a day. He was 
called a great ketch, but no woman had 
ever been able to land him. The 
'Square did like fast horses and. he 
had several fine roadsters in his stable. 

" Now when Caleb met the ' Square* 
he would somehow bring Susy in, tell 
what a fine cook she was and that the 
'Square' ought to be gitting married. 

"One Sunday night, when Tom 
was seeing Susy home, Caleb was at 
the gate waiting to see who was 
Susy's beau. When he saw that it 
was Tom Austin he started for him 
with an old broom-stick; then Tom 
knocked Caleb down. After that it 
was open war betwixt them. Caleb 
vowed that Tom would never marry 



314 The Granite Monthly 

his darter and Tom vowed he would, scrambled up, fell down, scrambled 

Mirandy and Susy were on Tom's up only to fall again into the soap, 

side. By this time Susy was with Tom in 

"The next Sunday night Caleb the carriage headed for Richard's 

himself went to meeting with Susy. Landing. Mirandy came out and 

What did he do when coming out, led Caleb over to the pump and 

but push Susy up agin 'Square' Bar- doused him with water. Caleb was 

ton, and say 'There take her home, wailing 'You let me be, Susy has 

You two always want to be together.' run away with Tom Austin.' 'Yes,' 

Then Caleb jogged off home calki- Mirandy says, 'They have gone to 

lating that the 'Square' and Susy Richard's Landing to git married, 

were following, but jest after Caleb and are half way there by this time, 

got out of sight, Tom Austin stepped You can't stop them. Serves you 

up and the 'Square' said 'Tom, you right for trying to hinder them." 

can do this better than I can, but I "Caleb wouldn't speak to Tom or 

will walk along ahead so Caleb will Susy for a long time. The next year 

think that I came home with Susy.' was the big panic "73" and "Square" 

"Caleb kept a watch on Susy fear- Barton lost all his money, had to sell 
ing that she would run away with his horses, but he kept the house. 
Tom and git married. Now, this is After Jim Bailey took Tom Austin 
jest what Tom and Susy with Mi- into partnership in the store and put- 
randy's and 'Square'B arton's help up the sign, "Bailey and Austin" 
were planning to do. Susy was to Caleb made up with Susy. Then he 
meet Tom a little way down the claimed that he had always wanted 
road, past Judd's barn, one Tuesday .Tom and Susy to marry; that why 
night. Tom had his license, and the he set up against them was to make 
'Square' would let him take one of his them like each other better." 
fast horses, then Tom and Susy were "Was 'Square' Barton ever mar- 
going to Richard's Landing to git ried?" asked Fred Smith. 
married, as Caleb had forbidden Parson "Wa'al, there comes the curious 
Avery to ever marry his darter to part of it. After the 'Square' lost 
that good-for-nothing scalawag of an his money he went off down Boston 
Austin. way to start in again. There he 

"Caleb was jest coming out of the married a smart young widder, who 

soap-house that Tuesday night. He must have married him for love, as 

made soft soap and went around he hadn't any money. The 'Square' 

peddling it. He saw Susy in a white was a pretty good sort of man. After 

dress slipping out the gate, then he a while he brought his wife to North 

heard a carriage and suspicioned Richmond to live. They had a 

what was up, then he started to run darter Helen, a schoolma'am, and 

after her. Now, Caleb had left a whom did she marry but Tom and 

big tub of sott soap outside, and, Susy's son Frank. Frank and Helen 

first thing he knew, he slipped and were schoolmates. They live out in 

went head first into that. He bel- Iowa. Frank is a big man out there, 

lowed and yelled and swore; he They sent him to Congress last fall. 



THE MATADOR 
A Memory of Toledo 

By Fred Myron Colby 

Gay in the shining sun he stands, 
With cap of crimson and vest of blue, 
And hose and jacket of raven hue; 
The tinsel and gilt of Moorish lands 
Blazing in all his garments new; 
Tall and slender, of stately mien, 
A picture of manly grace, I ween, 
As ever was in Toledo seen. 
Teeth as white as my lady's pearls, 
Forehead fair 'neath his clustering curls, 
A perfumed knight, yet a chief in war, — 
This is our Spanish matador. 

In the esplanade of an afternoon 

You may see him with jaunt}', reckless air. 

Ogling the pretty maidens there; 

By the light of the crescent moon 

He sings his ditties to raven hair 

And flashing eyes of Moorish fire; 

Playing his amorous serenade 

Under the gilded balcony's shade 

Of many a pious Castilian maid, 

Whose love he fancies he cares to win — 

This carpet knight of tinsel and tin — 

Winning a smile from Merimee, 

A glance from Carmencita gay. 

But when he looks a hero true, 
The cynosure of a thousand eyes, 
Assembled under Castilian skies, 
While far away stretch hills of blue, 
And dark-eyed beauties heave their sighs 
As the sun glares on the hot white sand, 
Saint Jago! 'tis a pretty sight. 
The galleries gay with gleaming light, 
That gracious figure fair and bright; 
And, pawing in the shining sand, 
The stateliest bull in all the land, 
With jetty eyes and rings of snow 
Flashing defiance at his foes. 



*» 



There's a rush, bueno! he's hit! 
A plunge, a wrestle, a stifled roar, 
The bull lies lifeless in his gore 
But, oh, the gruesome sight of it! 
Another taurus, ah, yes, two more, 
With thundering hoofs to meet his hand. 



316 The Granite Monthly 

A feint, a stumble, a broken brand, 
Merci! he's down in the crimson sand; 
And over him bends a tearful face, 
Carmencita's with tender grace. 
Ah, never more in love or in war 
Will she see her gallant matador. 



THE PLAYHOUSE UNDER THE BRIDGE 

By Mary Currier Rolofson 

The brook was small and sloped away 

From a little stretch of sand 
On which our feet, sunburned and bare, 

Found scanty space to stand; 
But overhead was space to spare, 

For the brook, a tireless thing, 
Had dug a deep and narrow trench 

In which to hide and sing. 

Two strong high walls our playhouse had, 

And two doors, open wide, 
A good thick roof was over us 

That every storm defied; 
And many cupboards in the walls 

There were to hold our store 
Of broken plates and teacups cracked, 

And many treasures more. 

The land with milk and honey flowed. 

How easy 'twas to make 
From sand and pebbles, leaves and grass 

A pudding, pie or cake! 
And then — delightful task! we washed 

Our dishes clean once more, 
And hung the dishcloth on a bush 

To dry beside the door. 

But most exciting were the times 

When we could hear a team: 
All play was stopped as it approached 

The bridge across the stream. 
With roar and rumble, on it sped 

Right over roof and all, 
And we stood huddled half afraid 

Our playhouse roof would fall. 

Ah! passer-by, with prancing steed, 

You ne'er did once surmise 
That underneath your horse's feet 

Were cupboards full of pies; 
Were little barefoot maidens two, 

Who clasped each other tight, 
And a dinner waiting to be cooked 

When you had climbed the height. 



SAMUEL HOWARD GERRISH 



By John B. Stevens 



A recent number of the Sacramento 
Union chronicles the death of Samuel 
Howard Gerrish, aged seventy-seven 
years and eight months. To elderly 
Dover and Somersworth people this 
announcement will prove of interest. 
The newspaper says, in part : 

"A pioneer in the work of accli- 
mating tropical trees in Sacramento, 
for thirty-three years secretary of the 
public library directors, and one of 
the best known and most popular of 
the old school railroad men, passed 
away on the seventh of the current 
month. Death came in his fine house 
on G Street, where he had lived since 
1866. He was concerned first with 
the Sacramento Iron Works; passed 
to the Pacific Railroad Company, 
and stayed with it when it was taken 
over by the Southern Pacific. 

"During the Civil War Mr. Gerrish 
was engineer in charge of the United 
States dry dock in the Mare Island 
Navy Yard, when among others the 
Kearsarge was docked for repairs after 
combat with the Alabama. He was 
a Free Mason since 1863 and an Odd 
Fellow since 1866. In his prime he 
was also a member of the Californian 
National Guard. He retired from 
business in 1894. 

"Mr. Gerrish descended from one 
of the oldest New England families. 
Surviving him is a widow whose an- 
cestors came to America on the 
Mayflower. There are three daugh- 
ters and one son also surviving." 

One of his Dover schoolmates has 
this to say: 

"Young Gerrish lived on Chapel 
Street, when I began to know him, 
in the building next back of the 
store now occupied by Eugene Smart 
and son. His widowed mother moved 
to north side of Washington Street, a 
little west of Green street. Probably 
we went to school together in 1842-3, 
in primary room, north side, on 
Fayette street, taught by Miss Juli- 



ette W. Perkins, but it is certain we 
were in the secondary room on south 
side, under Miss Harriet B. Snell, in 
1843-4. Then we went to the Landing 
upper room, under Abram B. San- 
ders, in 1844-5. Mr. Sanders had a 
state-wide reputation as a teacher, 
second only to Mr. Sherman's. Dover 
teachers ranked high and inquiring 
visitors came from far and near. In 
1846 we were pupils in Sherman's 
private school on Church street. 
Then our school ways parted. By 
this time Mrs. Gerrish had moved to 
Atkinson street. Later the family 
occupied a house on part of the City 
Opera House lot. 'Sam' was placed 
at Pine Hill School with Mr. Sanders, 
and I followed Sherman to the 
Landing." 

About 1850 "Sam" went to work 
for James Furber at Great Falls on 
the Thursday Sketcher or its- successor, 
the Great Falls Journal. He boarded 
with Jacob Sleeper on Main Street. 
It is remembered that he never let 
up on the study of the Spanish lan- 
guage, which he began in Dover 
under Clemente Villavonga, Capt. 
Andrew Pierce's shipping clerk. While 
at Great Falls he took lessons in 
mathematics of a briefless young 
lawyer. One of his brother directors 
of the Sacramento public library 
writes that he accumulated a rare 
collection of Spanish works and be- 
came a recognized authority on the 
early laws, customs and usages of 
California. Later he worked in the 
Morning Star office. When eighteen 
he went to California and saw the 
land Avhich Bret Harte afterward 
made famous. In 1860 he ventured 
again, and settled in Sacramento, 
never to return. 

"Sam" was one of the smart boys 
of my time, quietly developing, one 
after the other, resources of which he 
was not himself aware. He loved to 
hear from boyhood friends. Success- 



318 



The Granite Monthly 



ful in the land of his adoption, he 
was never tired of writing about the 
old days. In his last letter, in March 
of the present year, he said: "Write 
about boyhood times. Write of the 
girls and boys we used to know, if 
any of them survive. Send pictures 
of Pine Hill and Landing school- 
houses, and do not forget the old 
Belknap of Church street, which you 
say has been moved and turned to 
ignoble uses. Do not send today's 
doings. I get that in the news- 
papers. Tell me what was in your 
mind when you went where we used 
to gather walnuts — about the 'Or- 
chard,' the 'Hollow' and 'Log Hill 
Spring,' the swimming cove. Is the 
high board fence still in front of the 
Captain Paul house, and do the frogs 
still sing in Unitarian pond? Do 
you recall the outlaw circumstance of 
changing the gates of Editor Gibbs 
and Squire Woodman? The gates 
fitted snugly in their new places and 



it took time to uncover the deceit. 
But the language of the army in 
Flanders was as nothing to their re- 
marks. Are the gooseberry bushes 
alive in your yard? Such a letter 
will bring glad tidings to your old 
friend, who lives far from you, away 
over the great rivers and Sierra gla- 
ciers. I am surrounded by palm, fig 
and orange and other tropical trees; 
vines of many kinds, all of my own 
planting, and I wish you were here 
to eat of their ripe fruit. But I 
long to bite into one of Nat Eaton's 
sour apples; to spread on my cake 
such sauce as mother made of Dea- 
con Cushing's native grapes; to 
steal again through Asa Freeman's 
garden fence and cram myself with 
his tart currants. There was a 
secret sweetness in the pears we 
could not keep from pilfering in 
George Mathewson's lot, which I do 
not find on this happy coast." 



BIRTHDAY GREETINGS 



By Maude Gordon Roby 

I'm sending you this card to say 
'Tis glad I am of your birthday — 
Aye, mighty glad that you were born, 
For — so was I, "one happy morn." 

And now I wonder what to say. 

"You're sweeter than the flowers of May" 
Or "fairer than the flowers of June, 
When birds and blossoms are a-tune. " 
But my Lass, I think you know 
I want to say, "/ love you so!" 



NEW HAMPSHIRE NECROLOGY 



REV. NATHANIEL J. MERRILL. 

Rev. Nathaniel J. Merrill, the oldest 
member of the New England Methodist 
Episcopal Conference, died at his home in 
Wilbraham, Mass., August 14, 1912. 

He was a native of the town of Lyman in 
this state, born August 25, 1817, one of ten 
children of Rev. Joseph A. Merrill who was 
for twenty-five years a presiding elder, and a 
brother of Rev. John W. Merrill who was 
dean of the Methodist Biblical Institute in 
Concord, prior to its removal to Boston. He 
studied in that institution from 1811 to 1843, 
and filled, subsequently, various pastorates 
in Massachusetts, and was also for some time 
a member of the faculty of Wesleyan Semi- 
nary, at Wilbraham, of which he had been for 
some time the oldest living graduate. 

MARY A. SAFFORD 

Mary A. Safford, widow of the late James 
F. Safford, died at her home in Rochester, 
October 9, 1912. 

Mrs. Safford was a native of Farmington, 
daughter of Israel and Anne F. (Edgerly) 
Hayes, born in 1850. She early developed 
a strong taste for art and became one of the 
most skillful painters in oil in >the state, 
excelling in landscape painting. She was 
also an adept in crayon work, and taught 
large classes in both lines at Rochester long 
before her removal there from Farmington, 
a number of years ago. 

She was also prominent in club and frater- 
nity circles, was regent of Mary Torr Chapter 
D. A. R.; had been president of the Rochester 
Woman's Club and of the State Federation. 
She was a member of Fraternity Chapter 
0. E. S. of Farmington, and Past Grand 
Matron of the Order in the State. She was 
a member of the Congregational Church at 
Farmington, and of the W. R. C. of that 
town. 

JOSEPH R. CURTIS 

Joseph R. Curtis, a well-known citizen of 
Portsmouth, born in Belfast, Me., March 10, 
1845, died after a long illness, October 
3, 1912. 

He was a member of the famous First 
Maine Regiment of the Civil War and was 
engaged in all the important battles in which 
it participated, having horses killed under 
him more than once. He was left for dead on 
the second Bull Run battle field, when bis 
horse was torn to pieces by a bursting shell, 
but crawled out of the debris comparatively 
unharmed, only to be captured by the Con- 
federates; but was released and back with his 
regiment within sixty days. 

After the war Mr. Curtis took up his resi- 
dence in Portsmouth where he was United 



States store keeper for a number of years. 
For six years he was editor of the Penny 
Post— now the Portsmouth Herald, was sub- 
sequently inspector of customs, and for some 
years past had been a messenger at the 
navy yard. 

Mr. Curtis w r as a member and the first 
commander of Gen. Oilman Marston Com- 
mand, Union Veterans Union, and was also a 
member St. Johns' Lodge, Xo. 1, A. F.&A. M., 
and Washington Royal Arch Chapter of 
Portsmouth. He is survived by one daught er, 
Mrs. Gardner V. Urch of Portsmouth. 

BENJAMIN CHASE 

Benjamin Chase, born in Auburn, August 
18, 1832, died in Deny, September 27, 1912. 

He was a son of Benjamin and Hannah 
(Hall) Chase, his father being the author of 
Chase's History of Chester. He attended for 
some time in youth the famous school of 
Moses A. Cartland in Lee. After coming of 
age he made one or two sea voyages, and then 
engaged in mechanical pursuits, for which he 
had a strong taste, and was employed as a 
millwright in various manufactories in this 
state and Massachusetts. 

In 1867 he located in Derry and began the 
manufacture of loom reed ribs, rapidly 
enlarging his business and adding the manu- 
facture of harness shafts and other factory 
appliances. In 1907 the business was incor- 
porated as the Benjamin Chase Co., and its 
plant is said to be the best of its kind in the 
country. Mr. Chase was possessed of much 
inventive genius, and devised and perfected 
much valuable machinery used in his business. 

He married in 1875 Harriet D. Fuller of 
Dunbarton, who died last January leaving 
one daughter, Mrs. Charles E. Newell. 

HUBBARD A. BARTON 

Hubbard A. Barton, for twenty-eight years 
one of the editors of the New Hampshire 
Argus & Spectator at Newport, died at his 
home in that town September 2, 1912. 

Mr. Barton was a native of the town of 
I Iroydon, a son of Caleb and Bethiah (Tuck) 
Barton, born May 12, 1842. He was educated 
in the public schools and by a private tutor 
and passed his early life in bis native town, 
where he served seven years as superintending 
school committee. He removed to Newport 
and became an associate editor and pro- 
prietor of the Argus and Spectator with W. W. 
Prescott, in 1S79, succeeding the firm of 
Carleton & Harvey the next year. Mr. Pres- 
cott's place being taken by George B. Wheeler, 
with whom Mr. Barton was associated until 
1907, when on account of failing health, he 
was obliged to retire from business and the 
paper was sold to Samuel H. Edes. 

Mr. Barton was a lifelong Democrat, an 



320 



The Granite Monthly 



active member of the Masonic order, 
holding the Knight Templar's rank, and a 
Knight of Pythias. He was a public spirited 
citizen universally esteemed and respected. 
He served several years as a trustee of the 
Richards Free Library. His funeral was 



under the direction of Mount Vernon Lodge, 
A. F. & A. M., of Newport. 

April 27, 1882, he married Ella L. Wil- 
mouth of Newport, who survives, with one 
son, Henry W., a student in the University of 
Chicago. 



EDITOR AND PUBLISHER'S NOTES 



The trustees of the New Hampshire College 
of Agriculture and the Mechanic Arts, at 
Durham, have finally effected the selection of a 
successor to President William D. Gibbs, who 
resigned some months since, a final ballot, 
October 9, resulting in the choice of E. T. 
Fairchild, Superintendent of Public Instruc- 
tion for the state of Kansas. Why these 
gentlemen should have gone to the state of 
Kansas, for a head of the State College when 
they had at hand in the person of our own State 
Superintendent a man whose general qualifica- 
tions are excelled by those of no other in the 
country, and whose intimate acquaintance 
with educational conditions in the state gave 
him advantage over all others for effective 
work in the position, is a question which puz- 
zles not a few of our citizens who are not 
aware how far personal prejudice and cor- 
poration hostility goes in shaping the control 
of public affairs. It is to be hoped that 
the newly elected president will prove equal 
to the task assigned him; but it is certainly 
to be regretted that the one man of unques- 
tioned fitness right here in the state was not 
called to the place. 



with Dr. Stackpole. Durham is one of the 
most important of our old colonial towns, 
and this history will be widely and heartily 
welcomed. 



Rev. Everett S. Stackpole of Bradford, 
Mass., who contributes an article on the 
Settlement at Durham Point to this number 
of the Granite Monthly, the same being the 
substance of his address at the late annual 
meeting of the "Piscataqua Pioneers" in 
Durham, is preparing a history of the town 
of Durham, with Mr. Lucien Thompson of 
that town as an associate in the work, the 
latter, along with Deacon W. S. Meserve, 
having been collecting material for the same 
for many years, and having a large amount 
of valuable matter, historical and genealogi- 
cal, in hand. Two volumes, one historical 
and one genealogical, are contemplated, and 
it is hoped to have the matter ready for the 
printer in the course of a year at farthest. 
Any one knowing anything about the old 
families of Durham is invited to correspond 



The fall meeting of the New Hampshire 
Board of Trade was held in Precinct Hall at 
Hillsborough, on Tuesday, October 8, upon 
invitation of the Hillsborough Board of Trade 
with a good attendance, 85 persons taking 
dinner at the Valley Inn. There was a short * 
business session before dinner, at which it 
was voted to hold the next spring meeting 
at Milford, from which place a delegation of 
eleven were in attendance at this meeting, 
and the fall meeting next year at Keene. 
The hall was well filled at the public session 
in the afternoon, at which Wm. H. Manahan, 
Jr., president of the Hillsborough board, 
delivered an address of welcome, responded 
to by Judge J. W. Remick cf Concord, and 
addresses were given by Hon. N. J. Bachel- 
der on "The New Hampshire Agricultural 
Outlook," Hon. R. J. Merrill of Claremont 
on "The Insurance Department and Its 
Relation to the Business Interests of the 
state"; by Prof. George H. Whitcher of 
Berlin on "The Chamber of Commerce of 
the United States of America and what it 
stands for," and "The Proposed Constitu- 
tional Amendments" by Hon. E. M. Smith 
of Peterborough. The addresses were heard 
with deep interest and embodied much valu- 
able information. 



With a third party ticket in the field which 
introduces the element of doubt into the 
situation in larger measure than was ever 
before the case, there seems to be less excite- 
ment and less real interest in the political 
campaign in this state than in any former 
presidential year; while there is scarcely any 
thought or attention being given to the dozen 
proposed amendments to the State Consti- 
tution submitted to tli3 people for approval or 
rejection by the recent convention. 




FRANCIS HENRY GOODALL 



The Granite Monthly 



Vol. XLIV, No. 11 NOVEMBER, 1912 New Series, Vol. 7, No. 11 



FRANCIS HENRY GOODALL 

By H. H. Metcalf 

Among the notable families in beth, daughter of Dr. Samuel Brig- 
northern New Hampshire during the ham of Marlboro, Mass. They had 
early part of the last century was seven children, one of whom named 
that of Goodall, whose first repre- Ira, was born in Halifax, Vt., August 
sentative in that region was the Rev. 1, 1788. He was educated in the 
David Goodall, a Congregational Littleton schools and when twenty- 
clergyman, who, after a somewhat one years of age entered upon the 
extended pastorate in Halifax, Vt., study of law in the office of Moses C. 
removed to the town of Littleton, Payson of Bath, once president of 
with his large family, where he en- the State Senate and long prominent 
gaged in agricultural pursuits, though in legal and political circles. Upon 
contriving to preach as a supply, his admission to the bar he settled 
in various places, and engaging quite in practice in Bath, where he remained 
extensively in public affairs, having many years, filling a large place in 
represented Littleton in the General professional, public and business life. 
Court twelve times between 1800 and He was the third postmaster of the 
1815. town, was its representative in the 

He was a descendant, in the fourth legislature, and was at one time presi- 
generation of that Robert Goodall, dent of the White Mountain Rail- 
born in 1603, who embarked from road. He was also interested in 
Ispwich, England, April 1634 with military affairs, was Paymaster of 
his wife, Katherine, born 1605, and the 32d Regiment, N. H. Militia and 
three children, and settled in Salem, Judge Advocate on the staff of Gen. 
Mass. David Rankin. He removed to Be- 

The line of descent is through loit, Wisconsin, in 1856, where he died 
John, son of Robert and Katherine, March 3, 1868. While in practice in 
born 1680, who married Elizabeth Bath he was in partnership, first with 
Witt, and their son, Nathan, born Andrew S. Woods, who subsequently 
January 10, 1709, who married Persis became justice of the Supreme Court; 
Whitney and settled in Marlboro, then with his son, Samuel H. Goodall, 
Mass., where their son, David, above who, later, removed to Portsmouth, 
named, was born, August 14, 1749. and, afterward, with the late Hon. 
He graduated from Dartmouth Col- Alonzo P. Carpenter, who also sub- 
lege in 1777; was a soldier in the sequently became an associate and 
Revolutionary army, serving under finally Chief Justice of the Supreme 
General Montgomery in Canada, stud- Court, and had long been known as 
ied for the ministry and became pastor one of the alert and most brilliant 
of the Congregational Church at lawyers at the New Hampshire bar. 
Halifax, Vt., in 1781, where he con- Ira Goodall married, May 9, 1812, 
tinued until nearly the close of the Hannah C. Hutchins of Bath, a grand- 
century when he removed to Littleton daughter of Jeremiah Hutchins, born 
as before stated. His wife was Eliza- 1736, who removed, from Haverhill, 



324 



The Granite Monthly 



Mass., to Bath in 1783, where he was 
also the head of a prominent family, 
among his .descendants being Presi- 
dent Harry Burns Hutchins of the 
University of Michigan. One of his 
sons, Samuel, born 1769, married 
Rosann Child, January 1794, and 
their eldest daughter was Hannah 
Child Hutchins, above named. Ira 
and Hannah C. (Hutchins) Goodall 
had twelve children — seven sons and 
five daughters. The youngest of 
their daughters — Julia Rosanna, be- 
came the wife of Hon. Alonzo P. 
Carpenter, and, for many years pre- 
vious to her death, was known, 
throughout the state, not merely as 
the wife of an eminent jurist, but as 
one of the most earnest workers in 
New Hampshire along charitable and 
reform lines. She was the first presi- 
dent of the State Board of Char- 
ities and Corrections, and active in 
the Woman's Christian Temperance 
Union and other prominent organiza- 
tions for the promotion of human 
welfare, and has a worthy successor 
in her daughter, Lilian Carpenter 
Streeter, wife of Gen. Frank S. 
Streeter, the eminent Concord law- 
yer, who was the first president 
of the Concord Woman's Club, and 
of the New Hampshire Federation 
of Women's Clubs, and is now presi- 
dent of the State Board of Charities 
and Corrections, giving much of her 
time and labor to its important work. 

The youngest of the family were 
twin sons — Edward Brigham, now 
and for a long time past in dental 
practice in the city of Portsmouth, 
and Francis H., the last born, a brief 
mention of whom is the purpose of 
this sketch. 

Francis Henry Goodall was born 
in Bath, January 10, 1838, received 
his preliminary education in the 
public schools of his native town, and 
fitted for college in the Academy 
there, then taught by Alonzo P. Car- 
penter, who was himself a Williams 
College student at the time, engaging 
in teaching as a means of meeting his 
expenses, as was the custom of the 
ambitious and energetic youth of the 



day; and in this connection it may 
properly be remarked that great as 
he was as a lawyer in after years, Mr. 
Carpenter was known, by those who 
enjoyed his close acquaintance, to be 
one of the best classical scholars of 
his day. 

He entered Dartmouth College 
and graduated with the Class of 1857, 
among his classmates being the late 
Hon. Ira Colby of Claremont, Hon. 
William J. Forsaith, long a justice of 
the Municipal Court of Boston, the 
late Gen. Edward F. Noyes of Ohio, 
distinguished in the Union service 
in the Civil War, and later in political 
life, and that eminent jurist, the late 
Judge James B. Richardson of Massa- 
chusetts who died last year at his 
summer home in the town of Orford. 
After leaving college Mr. Goodall 
entered upon the study of the law 
in Mr. Carpenter's office in Bath and 
was admitted to the bar in 1859, 
locating in Beloit, Wisconsin, where 
he formed a partnership with Hon. 
R. H. Mills, then mayor of the city, 
and commanding a large business. 
His partnership continued until the 
outbreak of the Civil War, when Mr. 
Goodall enlisted April 13, 1861, for 
three months in a company of stud- 
ents from Beloit College, called the 
"Beloit Rifles," which was attached 
to the 2d Wisconsin active militia. 
He was honorably discharged from 
this service, and in August, 1862, 
returned to his native state where 
he joined a company then being 
organized, from the towns of Haver- 
hill, Bath and Lisbon, for service in 
the 11th New Hampshire Regiment. 
This was Company G, Mr. Goodall 
being made 1st Sergeant and serv- 
ing with the regiment until he was 
totally disabled, and was honorably 
discharged May 23, 1864. His record 
as a soldier was highly creditable, and 
his heroism is fully attested in the fact 
that he was accorded a medal of honor 
for taking a badly wounded comrade 
off the field of battle at Fredericks- 
burg, Va., December 13, 1862, under 
a heavy fire. 

The following testimonial, filed in 



Francis Henry Goodall 



325 



his behalf, upon his recommendation 
for promotion, by Lieut.-Colonel Col- 
lins, is indicative of the character of 
his military service: 

To Whom it May Concern: This may certify 
that while the undersigned was in command 
of Co. G, 11th N. H. Vols., Francis H. Goodall 
was First Sergeant of the company, and, from 
the knowledge then gained of his character 
and attainments, I most cordially recommend 
him as honest, industrious, discreet and 
absolutely reliable. As a soldier he was 
always ready to act, prompt to obey, attentive 
to duty and gallant in action. 



of the Treasury, William Pitt Fes- 
senden, as a first class clerk in the 
Second Auditor's office, but was 
unable to accept until September 
17, 1864, when he was sworn into the 
service, and has been on active duty 
in the same office from that day to the 
present time. He was first private 
secretary to the Hon. E. B. French, 
Second Auditor of the Treasury, who 
was appointed by President Lincoln 
in August, 1861, and who served 
continuously in the same position 
until his death in 1879. There were 
only 21 men employed in this office 




Mr. Goodall enjoying life in his "back yard" 



At the battle of Fredericksburg, both of 
my lieutenants being absent from sickness, I 
directed Sergeant Goodall to act as lieutenant, 
and in that position he fought through that 
terrible struggle with conspicuous coolness, 
ability and bravery. As a soldier he always 
won my warmest approval, and was a promi- 
nent example of sober, intelligent, courteous 
manhood. Always, under all circumstances, 
he was a perfect gentleman. 

[Signed] Geo. E. Pingree, 

Captain Co. G, 11th N. 11. Vols. 

Soon after his discharge he was tend- 
ered an appointment by the Secretary 



when the war began, but. in 1866, 7, 8 
and 9 the working force embraced 
no less than 500 clerks. 

Mr. Goodall has been chief of two 
different divisions, and has held two 
appointments as disbursing clerk. 
He has served under nine different 
Auditors, two of whom were Demo- 
crats, and he has succeeded in com- 
manding the esteem, confidence and 
hearty good will of all, by a uniform, 
steady, straight-forward course of 
action, doing his duty, faithfully and 
honestly, without fear, favor or hope 
of reward, beyond the regular com- 



326 



The Granite Monthly 



pensation and the approval of his 
own conscience. 

The Divisions of which he served 
as Chief were of the Mail and that for 
the Investigation of Fraud, to the 
latter of which he was appointed by 
Secretary John Sherman upon the 
recommendation of Auditor French. 
Upon the eve of his own retirement 
from office, Second Auditor William 
A. Day, now president of the New 
York Equitable Life Insurance Com- 
pany addressed Mr. Goodall as 
follows : 

Treasury Department 
Second Auditor's Office 
Washington, D. C, April 12, 1889. 
Mr. Francis H. Goodall, 

Second Auditor's Office. 
My Dear Sir: 

On the eve of my retirement, as Second 
Auditor of the Treasury, it affords me pleas- 
ure to bear testimony to the fidelity shown 
in your conscientious performance, during 
my incumbency of every duty assigned to 
you while in charge of the Divisions of the 
Mail and the Investigation of Fraud. 

The unblemished integrity and keen per- 
ception you have exercised in the watchful 
management of two of the most important 
functions of the office, and in the interests of 
the Government in all matters coming within 
your observation, has very much lessened 
the anxieties incident to my position and 
confirms the important statement of my 
predecessor (Judge Ferris) in commendation 
of your valuable qualifications for public 
office. 

Most truly yours, 
Wm. A. Day. 

Mr. Goodald married August 24, 
1865, Ophelia P. Brewer, daughter of 
Otis Brewer, long editor and pro- 
prietor of the old Boston Cultivator, 
whose motto — "Cultivate the Soil 
and the Mine"- — still stands out 
boldly in the memory of many a then 
aspiring youth, hoping for literary 
distinction, some of the productions 
of whose pens occasionally found 
place within its columns. They lived 
together most happily forty-four years, 
until her decease, three years ago. 
They had five children, three of whom 



died young. Two, a son and daugh- 
ter — Otis B. and Julia R. Goodall 
— are still living lives of usefulness 
and success. 

Soon after entering upon his depart- 
mental work in the government serv- 
ice at Washington, Mr. Goodall 
established his home on P St., N. W., 
and, for the last forty years and more, 
he has been as unfailing and persis- 
tent in his efforts to make home life 
beautiful and attractive as he has to 
render efficient service to the govern- 
ment in the position which he has so 
faithfully filled. He is an ardent 
lover of Nature, and woos her per- 
sistently, at all seasons and in all 
her phases. The cultivation of flow- 
ers has been a pleasure and delight 
for him during all these years, till 
he has transformed the ground in 
front of his residence, and his back 
yard as well, into perfect "bowers of 
beauty," so that they have become 
not only a source of delight to the 
neighborhood, but have become the 
subject of general admiration and 
comment. 

His achievements in this direction 
were made the subject of an illustra- 
ted article occupying more than half 
a page in a recent issue of the Wash- 
ington Sunday Star, from which a 
few paragraphs, showing not only his 
love of Nature and passion for home 
adornment, but his desire to make 
more bright and cheerful the lives of 
others, by sharing with them the 
attractions with which his own home 
life is surrounded, and stimulating 
in them, not only a purpose to achieve 
like results, so far as opportunity 
makes practicable, but also to culti- 
vate the kindly and fraternal spirit 
which lightens all life's burdens, and 
transforms the barren plains of daily 
duty into joyful fields of verdure and 
beauty, may properly be quoted, as 
follows : 

Leaving untouched no spot of earth where 
a flower or shrub would be an adornment, Mr. 
Goodall has developed the premises surround- 
ing his residence into a garden of nature's 
rarest creations, employing simple and 



Francis Henry Goodall 



327 



inexpensive methods that are within the 
reach of any householder. Since 1871 he has 
devoted himself to the work of making his 
home attractive that others might enjoy it 
as well as himself. In the art of yard decorat- 
ing he is one of Washington's pioneers. 

Although now in his seventy-fifth year, Mr. 
Goodall is as active as a young man, and never 
allows a week to go by without taking long 
tramps along the slopes of the Potomac or 
banks of the canal in search of some new 
plant. These trips he has taken regularly 
in winter and summer for more than thirty 
years, as a result of which there is to be found 
a greater variety of wild shrubs on his prem- 
ises than probably on any other spot in 
Washington. 

He has demonstrated that cost is a small 
factor in the beautifying of one's home and 
that any yard, no matter how small, can be 
made to add greatly to a city's general appear- 
ance, if proper effort is made to improve it. 
He has gone a step farther than those citizens 
who are engaged in reclaiming unsightly 
back yards by treating with impartiality the 
front, back and side yards — the lat'ter amount- 
ing practically to an areaway — which sur- 
round his house. It would be difficult to 
determine which part is the more attractive. 

In the rear yard is an althea tree which 
has grown to a height of thirty feet and 
probably is the tallest specimen of its kind 
in the city. Here abundant shade is to be 
found. 

The home has been enjoyed not alone by 
Mr. Goodall and the members of his family. 
It has been the scene of frequent gatherings 
of government officials and employes and, 
in this way, it is believed that many residents 
of the city have been stimulated with a desire 
to similarly improve the lawns surrounding 
their dwellings. Since the death of his wife 
Mr. Goodall has been assisted in entertaining 
these informal gatherings by his daughter, 
Miss Julia R. Goodall. 

It is known that Mr. Goodall has under 
consideration a plan which contemplates the 



inviting of members of the police and fire 
departments to inspect the premises. If such 
a scheme is determined upon and meets with 
the approval of the District authorities mem- 
bers of the departments who accept the 
invitation will be given an opportunity to 
learn some of the practical problems of 
improving the appearances of front, back 
and side yards. 

The information thus obtained could be 
widely disseminated, especially by the mem- 
bers of the police department, and would, it 
is believed, be followed by beneficial results 
through the beautifying of private premises 
in many sections of the city. 

When seen by a reporter for the Star Mr. 
Goodall was enjoying the comforts of a ham- 
mock, which had been suspended between 
the back yard fence and the althea tree 
referred to, and was absorbed in one of Emer- 
son's essays. Incidentally, this hammock has 
been in his possession for ten years, and he 
never fails to carry it on his jaunts into the 
woods. 

It may well be a source of inspira- 
tion to any young man of our own or 
any other state, seeking to make his 
own life useful and helpful, to con- 
template the life of this loyal son of 
the old Granite State, who has never 
forgotten the land of his birth, and 
loves its mountains, lakes and forests 
as fervently as in the days of his 
youth, as he pursues the daily grind 
of official duty, mingling therewith as 
constant contact with nature's loveli- 
ness, beautifying his home, making 
life therein sweet and wholesome, 
and extending its ennobling influence 
into the lives of friends, neighbors 
and associates. 

"He who lives truly will see truly," 
says Emerson, and Francis Henry 
Goodall, a true lover of that great 
poet-philosopher, is a living exemplar 
of the wisdom embodied in the 
saying. 



PISCATAQUA PIONEERS 

Anonymous 

The rippling waves run low 

On a safe and sandy coast; 
From stately woods mild zephyrs blow 

The verdant meads across. 

And the mid-day sun beams bright 

The hills and waters o'er, 
As a bark of exiles enters a bight 

Of Piscataqua's eastern shore. 

Not of their own free wills, 

But exiles, driven by fate, 
Far from their native German hills, 

They come to found a state. 

Their lot they much deplored 

As o'er the sea they rolled, 
Where, tempest -tossed, they wept and roared 

As Aeneas did of old. 

Thus ran their wild lament: 

"0 for our native home! 
Would we had died before we went 

On raging seas to roam." 

But now, with hardships past, 

And harbor safe in view, 
They crowd ahead, before the mast, 

A glad and merry crew. 

They down the gangway glide, 

On shore they dance with glee, 
And rove and wander far and wide, 

The goodly land to see. 

And when the curfew rang, 

Returned, by evening's calm, 
They one and all together sang 

The third and twentieth psalm. 

Then Fortune's favors came their way. 

They children's children lived to see. 
And their descendants to this day 

Are best of friends to you and me. 

And if on them of glory less, 

The Muse of History bestows, 
Than on the Pilgrims, still we bless 

The memory of John Mason's cows. 



PEMBROKE SOLDIERS' MONUMENT 



Dedicatory Address, Delivered September 12, 1912 

By Harry F. Lake 



Within the last three months no 
less than three soldiers' monuments 
have been dedicated in this state— 
at Pembroke, Haverhill and Dover. 
The two former were provided for 
by popular subscription and public 
appropriation, and erected in honor 
of all the soldiers of the Republic 
from the respective towns, while the 
latter was the sole gift of Col. Daniel 
Hall, of Dover, and is erected in 
memory of the Union Soldiers from 
that city engaged in the Civil War 
only. 

The Pembroke monument was form- 
ally dedicated on Thursday, Sep- 
tember 12, the original plan having 
been for dedication on Labor Day, 
but a postponement having been 
rendered necessary on account of 
the unfavorable weather. 

This monument, which was pro- 
jected several years ago and a founda- 
tion therefor provided by Buntin 
Chapter, D. A. R., of Pembroke, is 
of granite, of handsome design, sur- 
mounted by a lifesized statue of a 
Union soldier, of the same material, 
and said to be a likeness of Lieut. 
Colonel Henry W. Blair of the 
Fifteenth N. H. Regiment, in the 
Civil War, subsequently Unit e< I States 
Senator and now residing in Wash- 
ington. 

Mr. E. T. Morrison of Pembroke 
had taken up the project, where it 
was dropped several years ago, and 
raised over half the requisite amount 
of funds by subscription, and at the 
last annual town meeting the town 
appropriated the necessary balance, 
and appointed a Committee, with Mr. 
Samuel D. Robinson as Chairman to 
carry out the work. 

The Committee contracted with 
the R. P. Stevens Company of Man- 
chester for the monument, complete, 
and the work was expeditiously and 



satisfactorily completed by them, the 
monument being erected on Wilson 
Park, Pembroke Street, at the junc- 
tion of Main Street and Broadway, a 
commanding site, where it is seen to 
advantage by all passers by carriages 
and auto or electrics along the 




Soldiers' Monument, Pembroke, N. H. 

splendid throughfare leading from 
Concord to Manchester, via Pembroke 
Street, 

The Pembroke schools were closed, 
in honor of the occasion, on the day 
of dedication, and there was a large 
crowd of people in attendance. Music 
was rendered by Nevers Band of 
Concord, and prayer offered by Rev. 
Thomas W. Harwood, pastor of the 
Pembroke Congregational church. 
The presentation address was by 
Chairman Robinson of the Com- 
mittee and the service of dedication 



330 The Granite Monthly 

was performed by E. E. Sturtevant ing away farther than the naked eye 

Post, G. A. R., of Concord, Edward can reach, which greeted the anxious 

P. Kimball of Pembroke is Comman- eye of the Pilgrim in his first journey 

der. The dedicatory or historical westward between the two worlds, 

address was delivered by Harry F. one long, low sand-dune beyond the 

Lake, Esq., of Concord, of the law other, except where now and then can 

firm of Foster and Lake, a native of be seen some more rugged headland 

the town, and was as follows: of the desolate coast. I saw where 

first pressed all the feet of this small 

Historical Address. band of people which left this little 

,, ^v 7 . t 7- 7 ^ j7 ship to make permanent residence in 

Mr. Chairman, Ladies and Gentlemen: thig North ^ and ag a carel?gg ya _ 

I remember to have read that in cationist, I have trodden, and in part 

the old heroic days of Greece, Herod- explored, the same valleys and the 

itus. one day went to the Olympian same heights, and been on the same 

games. He was soon recognized, and river as were first explored by a party 

the whole multitude, in glad acclaim, of men from the Mayflower under the 

bore him away on their shoulders, command of Miles Standish, and in 

crying — "Let us honor the man who particular been to the same hill 

has written the history of our coun- where the Pilgrims found, hidden by 

try." So gathered here today we the Indians in the sand, the corn and 

say, "Let us honor the men who have beans which did much to save from 

had so large a part in the making of starvation this small shipload of 

our history." wanderers during the cruel winter 

In the market place at Athens, the already upon them. No man, who, 

Greeks walked among the statues in substantial measure, appreciates 

of their heroes and their gods, and the struggle of a great race toward 

kept themselves familiar with deeds economic, social and religious liberty 

of patriotism and valor. Thus the throughout three centuries can find 

real defence of Athens, in a fighting himself in such historic surroundings 

era, was really the market place, and remain unmoved. And further, 

where citizens were transformed our boat passed where, with 

into patriots and soldiers and heroes, approximate certainty, the Mayflower 

So great, then, is the power of sug- was anchored, when, before a soul set 

gestion that we do well, now and foot on land, in its cabin, before an 

then, to recall the achievements of open Bible, under the inspiration of 

our mighty men, living and dead, prayer, and in the anxious, visible 

and stretch our smaller selves up presence of each other they covenanted 

against their majestic proportions, to and combined themselves "Together 

catch their spirit, exalt our standard, into a body politic, ... to 

and ourselves grow to greater meas- enact, constitute and frame such just 

urements. Somebody has said that and equal laws, ordinances, acts, 

if you take from Greece a dozen constitutions and offices from time 

names, you make barren even that to time, as shall be thought most meet 

classic land, but if you take from and convenient for the general good 

history the story of the men whom of the colony unto which we promise 

today we honor, and their kind in all due submission and obedience." 

this country, then you rob our race of Let us now, today, honor the men 

some of the better parts of its record who, throughout the many crises in 

of chivalry, and physical, intellectual our country's history, kept true faith 

and moral courage. with the purposes of that original 

I have recently been where in covenant, and when it became neces- 

large part began the more significant sary, compelled, by force of arms, 

history of our country, and, I have due submission and obedience to the 

from the water, seen the land stretch- greater instrument that superseded 



Pembroke Soldier's' Monument 



331 



that covenant, i. e., the Constitution 
of the States. 

I understand my part in these 
exercises to be merely to make some 
suggestions, and state, perhaps, some 
facts concerning our citizen soldiery, 
which facts are open, however, to all 
who have the disposition to seek 
them out. I love to contemplate the 
sturdy character of the men who first 
built homes in my native town, 
because, to contemplate the character 
of such men at any time is a whole- 
some thing. Men they were, built 
after a simple pattern, getting a live- 
lihood for themselves and family 
from the rugged land, or the river, 
the fertility of the one and the abun- 
dance from the other, holding out so 
perpetual and so attractive an invita- 
tion, as, set in scenes of natural 
beauty as alluring as the eye ever 
rested upon, could not well be resisted 
by those who sought a lifelong home. 
Their very contest with the. soil made 
them persistent, perhaps obstinate, 
but certainly capable of conviction. 
Religion was to them a vital force. 
They imbued the purity of our moun- 
tain streams and the strength of our 
granite hills, and into them went the 
best brain, the best muscle, and the 
best bone that ever comprised the 
making of a man. These men were 
indeed poor and in their humble homes 
were neither books nor works of art. 
Instead, however, they knew the story 
of the lives of the Prophets and the 
Messiah and always lived under the 
inspiration of the ever recurring, ever 
varying glories of the purple sky, at 
time of sunset, beyond the silver band 
that the Merrimack makes. 

A little more than a century and a 
half had passed between the sailing 
of the Pilgrims unto Provincetown 
Harbor and the dismantling of Fort 
William and Mary on the Piscataqua 
in December, 1774, by a band of New 
Hampshire soldiers under John Sulli- 
van. The first drawing for propri- 
etors' lots in Pembroke was in 1730, 
and in 1748 the growth had been so 
slow, though perhaps gradual, that in 
the whole township there were not in 



excess of forty families. How thor- 
oughly, however, and how intelli- 
gently these settlers had become 
impregnated with the spirit of liberty, 
and how independent this hard life 
had made this community of home 
builders, less than half a century re- 
moved from a mere wilderness, is 
seen in the almost perfect unanimity 
with which the citizens of Pembroke 
subscribed to the so-called "Asso- 
ciation Test." In view of the dis- 
loyalty which existed to some degree 
throughout the colonies the Congress 
in 1776 forwarded to the various 
Committees of Safety a request that 
all male inhabitants over twenty-one 
years of age be made to sign a pledge 
of loyalty to the cause of Independ- 
ence. This request was forwarded to 
the selectmen of Pembroke by M. 
Weare, chairman of the Committee of 
Safety. I invite your respectful atten- 
tion to the language of this pledge: —  
"In consequence of the above 
resolution of the Hon. Continental 
Congress and to show our determina- 
tion in joining our American Brethren 
in defending the Lives, Liberties and 
Properties of the inhabitants of the 
United Colonies, We, the subscribers, 
do hereby solemnly engage and prom- 
ise that we will, to the utmost of our 
power, at the risque of our lives and 
fortunes, with arms oppose the hostile 
proceedings of the British fleets and 
armies against the United American 
Colonies." Let us remember that 
had the cause failed to which these 
men pledged their lives and fortunes, 
it would have subjected every such 
individual to the penalties of treason, 
that is, a cruel and ignominious 
death. In the face of that condition, 
however, the selectmen returned the 
pledge to the Honorable Committee 
of Safety signed by all the male 
inhabitants over twenty-one years of 
age, except nine, four of whom, how- 
ever, we later find bearing valiant 
arms in the colonists' cause. It is 
no wonder, then, that since 129 men 
in Pembroke pledged all for freedom's 
cause, we should find thirty of them 
in one company challenging the cold 



332 



The Granite Monthly 



and the snow in service on the north- 
ern frontier and in Canada in the year 
1776. We feel no surprise that two 
of Stark's regiment wounded at 
Bunker Hill were Pembroke men, and 
that serving with these were seventeen 
other Pembroke soldiers. Five Pem- 
broke men served with Benedict 
Arnold while he was still a patriot. 
Pembroke men were at Crown Point 
and Ticonderoga, and of men raised 
to fill up three complete Continental 
regiments in March, 1777, Pembroke 
alone furnished 137 men. In the 
famous regiment of Colonel McClary 
we find the names of five Pembroke 
soldiers, and in July, 1777, ten men 
marched away from Pembroke with 
others to be with the Northern Con- 
tinental Army in the repulsion of 
Baum at Bennington and the capture 
of the army of Burgoyne at Saratoga. 
These were followed by five others, 
who, September 29, 1777, went from 
Pembroke, marched 160 miles, joined 
Gates at Saratoga, engaged in battle 
there, were discharged the day after 
Burgoyne's surrender and came home 
again, all within thirty days. 

So almost endlessly might mere 
facts be stated of what Pembroke did 
to make the great Declaration of 
Independence a fact of national life; 
but while time does not permit, I 
must add that this little town, in 
which not a permanent residence was 
made until 1730, is credited with 170 
fighting men in the War for Independ- 
ence. A census taken by call of the 
Provincial Congress and returned by 
the Selectmen October 16, 1775, gives 
Pembroke 744 population. One sol- 
dier to less than every five of the 
population including men, women, 
and children, negroes and slaves for 
life! Little wonder then that 129 
years after the close of that war, we 
honor the Pembroke Revolutionary 
soldier. 

In the War of 1812 the town voted 
to pay all soldiers in active service 
four dollars per month in addition to 
what the government paid. Five 
men engaged in active service during 
the summer and fall of 1812, and of 



the company, which in September of 
the same year went to Portsmouth 
for garrison duty, there were probably 
thirty-six Pembroke men of whom 
five were officers. Of officers and 
men who served from this town in 
1812, the full number seems to be 
fifty-five. Our population in 1810 
was 1153. 

Fifty years ago you were engaged 
in a great war to determine whether 
this nation, or any nation, so con- 
stituted could long endure. This is 
not the place, nor have we the time, 
nor I yet the ability, to suggest many 
of the stirring scenes of that day. 
But after the issue became as plain as 
day, human slavery opposed to 
human liberty, and the coming con- 
flict in arms was recognized to be as in- 
evitable as it was irrepressible, and the 
first step in open secession had been 
taken by the firing upon Fort Sumter, 
and the President had called for 
volunteers, then the best citizenship 
of the North became its soldiery, and 
with a spirit of self-sacrifice and 
devotion to country such as has only 
been equalled by the women of 
Sparta, wives gave up their husbands, 
mothers gave up their sons, maidens 
gave up their lovers and with a bene- 
diction sent them forth into a four- 
year night of carnage, blood and 
death ! 

The story of what these men did in 
that war cannot be told. It is sug- 
gested to us in the stone monuments 
and markers on scores of Southern 
battlefields, in the banners of war, 
old, torn and frayed, and yet sacred 
to the memory of men, who died 
rather than see them in the dust. 
In a nearer way that story is told by 
the lives which we see, maimed and 
broken, by the sleeves forever empty, 
and in the hopeless mourning of 
widows and orphans. In a better 
way that story is told by a reunited 
country, by a single flag, by the fact 
that the significance of Mason's and 
Dixon's line is broken down, and that 
forever labor shall go no more forth 
to unrequited toil. 

I always find it a distinct struggle 



Pembroke Soldiers' Monument 333 

to gain any fair comprehension of the ern arms. But, more remarkable, 
magnitude of this war, though I do notice this: our population was not 
know that it called almost two million more than 325,000, but New Hamp- 
of the men of the North into active shire sent 34,500 men into the field to 
service; that it was carried on simul- fight for the preservation of the 
taneously in fourteen different states; Union, — i. e., one fighting man out of 
that it cost at times four million dol- every ten of its population, including 
lars per day, and that there were men, women and children, 
battles fought where there were The first bloody sacrifice of the 
engaged, including both sides, al- Civil War was made April 19, 1861, 
most as many men as made up the in Baltimore, Md., when two members 
population- of the Granite State of of the Sixth Massachusetts regiment 
that time, and where on each side as were killed by a mob. Hard on the 
many men were lost as is today the heels of this regiment was the second 
population of our Capital City. I New Hampshire, in which were four- 
suppose the real magnitude of the teen Pembroke men. 
war was never so well demonstrated I am particularly proud to relate 
by any single event as by the grand the care this town took of the families 
parade in Washington at the close of soldiers at the front. As early as 
of the war, when, on the 23d and 24th June 8, 1861, the town voted three 
of May, 1865, the armies of Meade dollars of necessary articles to each 
and Sherman passed in review before resident who should enlist or become 
the officers of the Administration, drafted into service, and a sum not 
It was not the presence of the great exceeding $20 for his family. By vote 
war captains, — Meade, Sherman, Cus- of the town September 14, 1861, this 
ter, Miles, Howard, Logan, Buell, and aid was increased to a sum not to 
Blair, — it was not the splendor of the exceed $12 per month. On August 
ordnance and equipment, nor yet the 4, 1862, the sum of $150 was voted to 
flags and banners of war that made each volunteer for nine months, and 
this the mightiest pageant the country the sum of $200 as a bounty to each 
ever saw, but rather it was the spec- three-year volunteer. Without sug- 
tacle of the private soldiers, if you gesting all the various votes of the 
please, who marched for six hours on town, the exigencies of the times 
the one day and for seven on the other, became so great that by the vote of 
sixty abreast, in cadence steps through August 27, 1864, to each inhabitant 
the streets of the National Capital, of the town, mustered into actual 
They who saw this parade on those service and answering certain quali- 
days looked in astonishment, and fications, was granted a bounty of 
asked, "has this war then been so great, $700. 

have we sent so many men to this The population of Pembroke in 

war, and were they men like these, 1860 was 1,313 and in April, 1863, the 

stern, bronzed, powerful, irresistible?" selectmen made an enrollment of all 

— for into men of this sort had devel- the white male citizens resident in 

oped the bright-eyed, fresh-cheeked the town between the ages of eighteen 

boys, who but a little while before and forty-five, not exempt from mili- 

had left their Northern homes for the tary duty, and the list includes 179 

rigors of civil strife. names. So far as can, with much 

Let us first recall and remember care be ascertained, there went from 

what, expressed in two facts, New Pembroke and were credited to Pem- 

Hampshire did in that war. We broke in the Civil War, one hundred 

were not a wealthy state, — a valua- and fifty-two fighting men. They 

tion of $130,000,000, but New Hamp- had their part in the bloodiest battles 

shire contributed $13,000,000, i. e., of the war, — Bull Run, Antietam, 

one dollar of every ten of its resources Malvern Hill, Chancellorsville, Fred- 

to defend the Republic against South- ericksburg, Gettysburg, Cold Harbor, 



334 



The Granite Monthly 



the Mine Explosion, the Battle of the 
Wilderness, and so on to Petersburg, 
Richmond, and the end. 

The average term of service of our 
Pembroke soldier was one year, six 
months, eighteen days; the longest 
period of service was four years, six 
months, eighteen days. The average 
age was twenty-five years, two months 
and nine days, the youngest being 
sixteen years, and the oldest forty- 
four years, of whom there were eight, 
but, of these one hundred and fifty- 
two men, fifty-three were not over 
twenty-one years old. Nineteen men 
rose from the ranks. 

I have said that the average term 
of service of these soldiers was one 
year, six months, eighteen days. 
This is as though one soldier should 
fight without interruption for over 
235 years. This, however, we should 
remember, includes the services of ten 
soldiers whose terms of service were 
ended by death on the field of battle; 
seven soldiers whose terms of service 
were ended by dying from wounds 
received on the field of battle; twelve 
soldiers whose terms of service were 
ended by death from disease, and this 
figure includes the services of twenty- 
two soldiers whose terms of service 
were ended because discharged for se- 
rious disability. Moreover, thirteen 
men were wounded on the field of 
battle and recovered. 

If I should ever be asked to suggest 
the greatest test of the loyalty and 
moral courage of the soldier of the 
Civil War, I should take my ques- 
tioner, in imagination, to Anderson- 
ville, Ga., and I would walk with 
him up and down those soldiers' 
graves, some 12,000 in number, and 
we would go to the location of that 
infamous stockade, where was con- 
centrated suffering as intense and 
unnecessary as at any spot on all the 
surface of the earth, and then I would 
suggest to my questioner that all 
these men might have gone forth, had 
they consented to turn their back 
on the Stars and Stripes and swear 
allegiance to the flag that the rebel 
troops loved to follow. But they did 



not do it and that, I should suggest, 
was the spirit and mettle of the North- 
ern soldier at his best. Of those who 
endured this test at Andersonville, 
there was one Pembroke soldier, who, 
rather than be disloyal, rotted his 
life away like a dog. One man also 
died a prisoner at Salisbury, N. C. 
Three other men were taken prisoners 
but were apparently paroled. 

Of the soldiers credited to Pembroke 
there are now but eight living in town. 
There are, of course, others elsewhere. 
Altogether there are now living in 
Pembroke twenty-two soldiers of the 
Rebellion. 

These, then, are some of the facts, 
sketched in barest outline, concerning 
the Pembroke soldier. 

Many centuries ago, when civili- 
zation was in the making, Rome was 
mistress of the world, through which 
for two thousand years flowed earth's 
historic life, even as through it, 
today, flows the tawny Tiber, fur- 
nishing the stage on which consuls 
and generals ' and statesmen and 
emperors played their part, having 
for an audience an astonished world. 
In such an age, the Roman people 
erected statues of their great men 
along the Appian Way — the great 
thoroughfare leading from the Eternal 
City, and they led along this way their 
armies when they went off to the 
wars, and when they returned home 
from conquest. It was a wise pro- 
ceeding. The armies in this way 
caught, by the constant suggestions 
of these mute statues, something of 
the exalted spirit of Rome's greatest 
men. 

This broad highway leading into 
our Capital City is our Appian Way, 
and with this heroic figure and its 
simple but effective story, — its story 
of duty done, of sufferings borne, of 
sacrifices made, all courageously, all 
intelligently, and always for a cause, 
a principle, — we may challenge the 
attention, indeed, the admiration of 
the world. 

To such men, as a tribute to such 
character, we here and now, in sacred 
memory dedicate this soldiers' monu- 



Belknap Mountains 



335 



ment; but the only fair purpose of 
such a deed, will have far failed unless 
it helps us, even as they did, whom it 
honors, to look from the fields of gold, 
above and beyond to the snowy 
heights of honor. 

The investigation and recital of 
these facts as to our Pembroke soldier 
has made me very proud of my native 
town. You are citizens of no mean city. 

And when I think of all these men, 
summoned from the shop, the farm, 
the school, hardly arrived at man- 
hood's first estate, responding to 
every call to duty, whether it be the 
sentry's lonely vigil through the 



anxious night, or the charge by day to 
almost certain death, making the 
long marches footsore and with scanty 
rations, dying by inches on battle- 
fields and in hospitals, rotting to 
death in Southern prisons, going down 
to their graves, known or unknown in 
a strange land, doing it all, not for 
pay, but because held to their course 
by a stern New England conscience 
that a race might be free and a nation 
live, then, I say, that a community 
productive of such men, and creative 
of such character, should not fail to 
receive the honor and gratitude of 
mankind. 



BELKNAP MOUNTAINS 

By Carrie E. Moore 

The mistiness of heaven's blue 
Falls on these mounts, upturned to God. 
The morning's brightness, noonday's sun, 
The moonlight's shadows, all accord 

To make them fair and beautiful 
For human eyes to look upon. 

The spring's soft radiance, summer's heat, 

The color artist of the fall, 

These vie with winter, in attempt 

To crown them with their beauties all. 

Oh! nature's gifts to man are vast 

To those whose eyes are taught to see. 

And if it is the morning's light 
We view upon the mountains blue, 
There cannot be a fairer sight, 
For each one seems created new. 

For morning's light is light of love 
Which beautifies where-e'er it falls. 



And if it is the noonday's sun 
Upon these mountain tops we see, 
Each white face of the rocks will seem 
Upturned to greet, while shadows flee. 



336 The Granite Monthly 

For noonday's light is light of strength, 
And strength endures from age to age. 
And when the moon's still radiant light 
Comes down on each uplifted brow 
With lines and curves of magic grace, 
Our hearts in adoration bow. 

For evening's light is light of peace, 
Which comes to man and comes to bless. 



AKIN TO BOTH 

By Frank Monroe Beverly 

Just fresh from the land where the white Shamrock grows, 

Pat enter'd a crowded car, 
But ne'er disconcerted, the son of Old Erin 

Would brook not the prospect a bar. 

One seat held an Englishman, haughty and proud, 

Who'd turn up his nose to "greet" Pat; 
The next held the dog of the choleric old blade, 

Who said to himself, "Wat's 'e hat?" 

For Pat had removed the canine from the seat — 

Begorra, he'd take what he could; 
The brute shouldn't sit while himself had to stand — 

To stand like a tree in the wood. 

The Englishman grew he all crimson of face, 

And turned then his neck quite awry ; 
But ne'er disconcerted, the son of Old Erin 

Glanced he at the dog, with one eye. 

"Begorra!" said Pat, "what a foine pup is he! 

And what is his breed?— Oi'm O'Toole." 
The Englishman turned with a satisfied air, 

"Ty, yes, sir, 'e's Hirish hand fool." 



But ne'er disconcerted, the son of Old Erin 
Spake loud with an Irishman's oath, 

"Bedad, sor, the spalpeen's a sorry poor brute- 
He must be akin to us both." 



OLD CONCORD AND MONADNOCK 



By F. B. Sanborn 



It is perhaps known, but not always 
remembered, that of the twenty or 
thirty Concords in the United States, 
the very first one was what its resi- 
dents have fondly called "Old Con- 
cord," ever since 1775, when other 
States began to name towns for the 
scene of "the first organized resistance 
to British aggression." This town on 
its river of the same name, was so 
called (by tradition) in honor of the 
harmony and peace in which the stolid 
Indians received the pious Puritans 
from Bedford and Kent, who in 1635 
came to plant farms by a stream as 
slow as the Ouse, that ran, or rather 
loitered, by the prison in which 
Bunyan, a few years later, dreamed 
out his immortal romance of a Chris- 
tian life. This concord between the 
red men and the white lasted, unbro- 
ken, for some forty years, but was 
shattered by the plot of King Philip; 
yet in that interval the village got 
its name established, and the good 
old Parson Bulkeley, who gave it, 
had gone to his grave, — exactly 
where, no descendant knows, although 
the small God's Acre near the old 
garrison house (still a good habitable 
dwelling) is known to hold his remains 
somewhere in its literal acre. His 
parsonage house long since fell to 
ruin; but several houses, built before 
Peter Bulkeley died in 1659, are, like 
this enlarged garrison house, known 
to date between 1650 and 1660. 

Among them is the house where 
Louisa Alcott wrote her "Little 
Women" and several of her later 
books; and where her father, Bronson 
Alcott, composed several of the 
volumes that he published between 
1858, when he first occupied this 
house, and October, 1877, when the 
family left it for the more conven- 
iently situated Thoreau-Alcott house, 
near the Fitchburg railroad station 
and the line of the electric cars, which 
will carry the tourist to Cambridge 



and Boston — or, in the other direc- 
tion, to Marlboro, Worcester, and 
farther, if you like. This Orchard 
House was so named for the fine old 
orchard, a century's growth, which 
stood around it in 1857, when the 
Alcotts came down from their brief 
residence in the New Hampshire Wal- 
pole on the Connecticut; and bought 




Last Residence of the Poet, Charming 

what had been for a hundred years 
the abode of Senator Hoar's ancestors 
before the Revolution; while the 
Alcott family were settled in Con- 
necticut, and intermarrying with 
Trumbulls and Bronsons. 

Mr. Alcott had a dozen years 
earlier owned and remodeled the 
"Wayside" house, which Hawthorne 
bought in 1852, with thirty acres of 
land, for SI, 500; but had returned to 
Boston for a few years, while his 



338 



The Granite Monthly 



elder daughters were beginning to 
make their way in the little world of 
Boston and its suburbs; and their 
father was holding those Conversa- 
tions in Boston, which for a few years 
were a feature of life in that city, as 
Margaret Fuller's conversations had 
been, some years before that. But in 
1846 Margaret had gone to England, 
France and Italy, never to return 
alive; and her pleasing sister Ellen, 
had married Ellery Channing, and 
come to make a home in Concord for 
more than ten years. Her husband, 
who long survived her (dying in 1901) 



Strange fisherman! whose highest aim but soars 

(With watery shoe unconscious of a leak) 

To whirl the pickerel on the grassy bank! 

But while our fisher dreams, — or greasy gunner, 

Lank, with ebon locks, shies o'er the fences, 

And down can crack the birds, — game-law forgot, 

And still upon the outskirts of the town 

A tawny tribe denudes the cranberry-bed, — 

Wild life remains; we still can sign that Time 

Is not all sold, like grains to the forestaller; 

But still that we, even as the Indian did, 

Clasp palm to Nature's palm, and pressure close 

Deal with the infinite. 

September Flowers. 

O why so soon? most princely Golden-rod, 

So soon appear? Why, yesterday, all Summer! 

But now, — thy nodding plumes convert our hopes 




The Pearly Everlasting, Near Walden 



continued to live mostly in Concord; 
and, like Emerson and Thoreau, to 
describe or suggest its picturesque 
scenery in verse. Two blank-verse 
poems of his, "Near Home" in 1858, 
and "The Wanderer" in 1872, con- 
tained such Wordsworthian passages 
as the following, as well as portraits in 
verse of his friends, Alcott, Emerson, 
Thoreau, and some younger associates : 

Fisherman by the Musketaquid 
Here, thing eternal, day begins not, ends not, 
And the night stealing but half-ushered in 
Steeps. in the trembling wave her pillowed stars. 
Here but the solitary fisher comes, — 
More like a weedy tuft than living man, — 
And, half-concealed along the green copse-side, 
Or on the shore, unmoving, calmly spread, 
Mimics the maple stump and core of soil. 



To Autumn, and endow the verdured lanes 

With thy thrice-royal gold: yet like all wealth, 

Thou hast a cold and hidden sorrow in thee. 

Ye too, meek Asters, Violet's late friends, 

Pale, tranquil constellations of the Fall, 

That mark a decadence, — why do ye strew 

Your fair amenities along the paths 

Of these continuous woodlands? come so soon, 

Ere half the flush of Summer's rosy hours 

Had fit the faces of the August hills, 

Decked the broad meadows with their base of grass. 

Forced Indian corn to flint, — or ere the brood 

Of the first April birds had changed their dress. 

These lines, like his comrade Tho- 
reau's prose, show that most intimate 
familiarity with Nature which is 
the distinguishing mark of the Con- 
cord school. They are from "Near 
Home"; but "The Wanderer" intro- 
duces Monadnock, to which Channing 



Old Concord and Monad nock 



339 



and Thoreau, following Emerson's 
example, often went, — -and I some- 
times with Channing, — -having learned 
to admire the mountain from its 
Peterborough side. 

Life on Monadnock by Day and Night. 

At morn and eve, at rise and hush of day, 

I heard the wood-thrush sing on the white spruce, 

In this sweet solitude, the Mountain's life; 

Its living water, its enchanted air, 

So mingling in their crystal clearness fresh, 

A sweet peculiar grace from both, — her song, 

Voice of the lovely Mountain's favorite tree! 

In this upraised seclusion from the race, 
Then search we out the mazy village roads, 



I with Channing, sitting by our low 
hut in the warm days of late Septem- 
ber, 1869. 

With this power of poetic or hu- 
morous description intermingles in both 
these poems a strain of ideal thought, 
characteristic of most of the Concord 
school of authors. Thus, in a con- 
versation on Love (a favorite theme of 
these authors), Channing, on Monad- 
nock, replying to a demoiselle says, — 

In this ideal love I see the life 
Of some confiding soul, destined to soar 
Beyond the vain realities of earth, 
Worshipping forever a superior soul. 




Conantum, with Monadnock in the Distance 



Stealing from town to town, — a sweet response 

Greeting our hearts where human feet have trod. 

Poised in my airy pinnacle, I paint 

(The darting swallow whirring swiftly by) 

The zigzag coil of alders, a black thread 

In serpentine progression of the stream 

That plays its echoing flute-notes all the year. 

Then village spire, and gleams of pine-clad lake, 

And rippling river, playful in the sun; 

A glance of human sunshine on the shore 

Where Labor pulsates. 

All these signs and more 
That Earth from this divorce, — O far apart, 
What time the dying orb, behind the range, 
Gilds the Sierra; and on this the night, 
Thrown from his Alpine shoulder, fills our souls. 

Here are Jaffrey and Fitzwilliam, 
and the peak at sunset forcibly pic- 
tured, as he had seen them with 
Thoreau and with Bessie Green, — and 



Shall not that star to which I distant tend, 
Pure in its crystalline seclusion set, — 
Shall not that being, — ever to my thought 
Utterly sacred, — some small grace impart? 
Raise my dejected fortunes sunk so low? 
I still forever feel the saint I love, 
Never by me to be approached more near, 
A distant vision lighting up my soul, — 
Like Helen to her lover on the heights, 
Or Beatrice shining through the cloud. 

The distant view of Monadnock 
seen from the foreground tree in this 
picture, on the western slope of the 
broad pastures of Conantum, was a 
favorite spectacle for all these authors 
except Hawthorne; who had more care 
for human nature than for scenery. 
In these pastures, as everywhere in 
Old Concord, grows the "Pearly 



340 



The Granite Monthly 



Everlasting," as in the next cut, where 
it was skillfully photographed in 
August by a disciple of Thoreau from 
Allentown, Pa,, Mr. C. T. Ramsay; 
whose care in posing his perpetual 
sitter, Dame Nature, is equal to 
that of Mr. Herbert Gleason, whose 
numerous photographs of the haunts 
of Thoreau, are otherwise the best 
yet made. The place in this view is 
what Mr. Ramsay calls "the immortal 
shore of Lake Walden," — showing the 
bowlders on its gravelly bank, amid 
which the white flowers grow, but 
no glimpse of the green water at 



with their background of pines and 
birches. 

Retracing upward the course of this 
river, . some halfway from Ball's Hill 
to Conantum; and very near where 
Henry Thoreau and his brother John 
set out, in their home-made boat, for 
New Concord and the White Moun- 
tains in August, 1839, on that mem- 
orable voyage down the Concord and 
up the Merrimack rivers ; Mr. Ramsay 
came to the last home of Ellery 
Channing ; where for ten years, sitting 
by his west window in the second 
story, he watched the sunset, as he 




Along the Concord River, near Brewster's Bungalow 



its foot. Neither is the water of 
the Concord River seen, stealing slowly 
through the Great Meadows and 
around Ball's Hill; where a naturalist, 
Mr. William Brewster, has bought 
150 acres of woodland along the dark 
stream, for the main object of allowing 
his favorite birds there to nest and 
avoid the gunner just mentioned, who 
"cracks down" the poor warblers, 
either for sport or for the market. 
In this Birds' Paradise, he has long 
had a bungalow, which Mr. Ramsay 
approached, as he says, "through 
the aromatic sweet Pepperbush," 
and faithfully copied the blossoms 



had watched it from the plateau of 
Monadnock. There, too, he surveyed 
the stream on which he had sailed or 
floated so many hundred miles with 
Thoreau or with Hawthorne, in that 
same home-made boat which passed 
from Thoreau to Hawthorne in 1843, 
and from Hawthorne to Channing in 
1845. 

This was the sixth house in which 
Channing had lived in Concord, since 
that day in April, 1843, when he came 
with his bride to the little red cottage 
on the Cambridge Turnpike, some 
thirty rods below Emerson's house and 
garden. From there he moved to an 
old house on what is now Massachu- 



Old Concord and Monadnock 



:i!l 



setts Avenue (destined to run from 
Boston to the New Hampshire border 
in Townsend) ; thence to his "small 
cottage on the lonely hill" Ponkatas- 
sett,- — from which he set out for Italy 
late in 1845; drawing his sea-trunk on 
a handsled to the railroad station, and 
calling at the Old Manse on his way, 
to bid farewell to the learned Mrs. 
Ripley, then residing there in lieu of 
of the Hawthornes, with her husband 
and children. Channing's next re- 
move was to an old ante-Revolution- 
ary house on the main street, where I 
took lodgings with him in 1855, oppo- 
site the then home of Henry Thoreau, 
with whom I daily dined, and Chan- 
ning frequently walked. 

Years passed, as years always will; 
Thoreau died in 1862, and Channing 
sold his house and acre of garden, and 
the boat-landing for Thoreau under his 
willows; and in 1866 bought the large 
building of the Concord Academy, 
where the two Thoreau brothers had 
once taught a private school, but 
which had been made into a dwelling 
of two tenements. In the westward one 
of these Channing lived for twenty- 
five years, leasing the other to forlorn 
widows at a very small rent. There 
my wife and I found him, amid his 
4,000 books and 2,000 engravings and 
paintings, ill and infirm, and the for- 
lorn widows too infirm themselves to 
care for him. 

He consented to come to our roomy 
house, then ten years old, to be nursed 
and cared for, in September, 1891; 
and there he remained till his death 
at Christmas, 1901 ; writing occasional 



verses almost up to his last Thanks- 
giving day, some of which I included 
in Ids "Poems of Sixty-Five Years," 
printed by two Philadelphia admirers 
of his verses, a few months after his 
death. 

Old Concord has long since become 
a Mecca for pilgrimages from all 
parts of the world to the haunts and 
graves of its authors. Since the 
Orchard House was opened in May, 
1912, 6,000 persons visited its memo- 
rials of the Alcott family in its first six 
months, — at the rate of a thousand 
a month. They will continue to 
come, more or less, through the winter 
and spring, and probably the number 
will not be less than 10,000 a year in 
any coming year of this decade. 

Louisa Alcott is now by far the most 
widely read, in English, of all the 
Concord authors, and even in trans- 
lations in French and German she 
must surpass any individual philos- 
opher or poet of her town. In 1890 
I found a good modern Greek version 
of one of her stories for sale in Athens, 
and carried it the next summer to her 
niece and namesake, Louisa Nieriker, 
in Zurich, who is now Mrs. Razim of 
Vienna. The Orchard House is now 
the property of the Concord Women's 
Club, who have restored it and will keep 
it open for visitors the year round. 
The Hillside Chapel, where for ten 
years the School of Philosophy held 
sessions, is still the property of Mrs. 
Lothrop (Margaret Sidney) and is 
removed to her own estate, a few 
rods northeast of the Orchard House. 



A BENEDICTION 



By Moses Gage Shirley 

God give you peace, God give you rest 
And noble thoughts within your breast, 
And for His mercies, where you go 
Each day, some act of kindness show. 



ONLY A LOCK OF SILVER GREY 

By L. J. H. Frost 

Only a lock of silver-grey hair, 

Carefully folded and lying there. 
Once it adorned the beautiful brow 

Of one who is peacefully sleeping now. 

Long, long ago we laid her to rest, 

With sweet flowers scattered over her breast; — 
Under the willows a grave was made, 

Into it gently our treasure we laid. 

Only a lock of silver-grey hair, 

From the wrinkled brow that once was so fair; —  
From the brow of one whose worth was ne'er told, 

Whose loving heart could never grow old. 

Oh, that silver lock doth volumes tell, 

Of the mother dear whom we loved so well; 

May we meet her again by the crystal sea, 
Where souls from all grief are evermore free. 



TIME'S QUESTION 

By Frances M. Pray 

Another day is drawing to its close. 
Is it with joyous, tired feet we tread 

And pass the threshold o'er 

That leads us to the dark of night once more, 
The unknown dark, and a well-earned repose? 

Another year is coming to its end. 

Have we each care and duty squarely met, 
That when we backward look 
And see their record, as within a book, 

Say truthfully, "I tried my part to lend." 

Some day our life here on the earth will cease. 
Can we, clear-eyed, look toward the unknown goal, 

Nor care if through the gate 

That leads us there, our feet step soon or late, 
Our footsteps firm, our hearts in quiet peace? 



Bristol, N. H. 



AN AUTUMN RAMBLE 

Among the Granite Hills of New Hampshire and by the 

Lakes of Maine 

By Francis H. Goodall 

In August, 1854, we had the rare Bretton Woods to Crawford Notch, 
pleasure of a tram]) from Littleton, passing the beautiful Wild Ammo- 
N. H., through Bethlehem to the noosuc Falls, and back via Bethlehem, 
Crawford Notch, and then over the Littleton, Lisbon and Bath. We 
old Crawford Bridle Path and Presi- found this a much more expeditious 
dential Range to the top of Mount means of transit than our foot tramp 
Washington (6293 feet); stayed there of 1854, the most surprising part 
over night, and in coming down the being the way the auto took the hills 
trail the next morning we had the without losing speed, 
good fortune to witness a thunder After taking several more trips we 
storm raging below us in the great left Bath, N. H., and passed down 
ravines, with lightning and rain, through the Wild Crawford Notch 
while we were suspended in the by the site of the old Willey House, 
atmosphere, as it were, above it, destroyed in 1828, to Bartlett, Inter- 
where it was cold and clear with a vale, Mount Kiarsarge, the beautiful 
high wind. It certainly was a grand Conway meadows along the Saco 
sight, which could not be forgotten. River, to Lake Sebago and the Dyke 
At that time the Millerites had Mountain Farm in the town of 
arranged to have the world come to Sebago, Me., which rests on a spur 
an end, having on their white robes of the Saddleback Mountain, 1100 
as we passed through Bethlehem, feet above sea level. Here you will 
and we were urged to give up our find most beautiful scenery, walks 
intended stroll to Mount Washington, and drives, with numerous lakes and 
and to go higher to the celestial ponds, good fishing and all kinds of 
regions with the white-robed throng, berries and a very good table. There 
We politely informed them that we are people there from Portland, Bos- 
would see them when we returned ton, New York, Philadelphia, and 
two or three clays later, which we Washington, D. C. 
did, much to their chagrin. One nice excursion is via a little 
In September, 1912, we decided steamer through Lake Sebago, four- 
to renew our youth and to revisit teen miles, to the Songo River and 
our old home in northern New Hamp- Long Lake, fifteen miles more; then 
shire. The house was built in 1816, to Bridgton by coach to the narrow 
when the workmen had to stop laying gauge railroad and back to starting 
the brick in July, as it was so cold the point — -all for $2.15, an all day trip, 
mortar wouldn't set; and it is said On the lake excursion, we passed 
there were frosts every month of that Frye's Island, where old Captain 
year, so that the crops did not Frye is said to have leaped ninety 
mature, and people suffered great feet from a rocky cliff to escape from 
hardships. the Indians, and then swam the 
We took the Federal Express from channel to an island, where he 
Washington, D. C, for Boston at remained the rest of his days. Other 
5.35 p. m. and reached our destination excursions to Hiram Falls, Mount 
the next afternoon at 2.50 o'clock. Pleasant and Peabody Lake are very 
The next day a friend loaned us his delightful. 

Pope's auto, and we took a ninety We lived in a tent like the old 

mile ride to Lisbon, Sugar Hill, patriarchs and fcTund it very exhila- 

Franconia, Echo Lake, the Old Man rating; except one night when we had 

of the Mountain, the Flume through a hard storm, with a high wind, when 



344 



The Granite Monthly 



things got to be quite exciting. We 
dressed, lighted our lantern, and got 
all ready to vacate, if necessary; but 
our canvas house remained true and 
steadfast, like a good "standpatter." 

To celebrate a special event in our 
early life, we started September 16, by 
rail for the top of Mount Washington ; 
stayed at Bartlett over night, and at 
10 o'clock next morning we were on 
our way to the top of Mount Wash- 
ington with two hundred thirty others. 
The day was charming. We were 
out on the front platform, where we 
had an unobstructed view of the 
whole route. Wnen we reached the 
Half-Way House, we saw long icicles 
hanging from the water tanks, and 
when we reached the top of the 
mountain, the wind was blowing just 
an ordinary breeze of thirty miles an 
hour. It was a fine clear day and 
the autumn foliage was very gorgeous. 

It is hardly possible in a brief 
article like this to enumerate all that 
can be seen on this trip. Very soon 
after leaving Fabyan the whole Presi- 
dential Range comes into sight. The 
road from Fabyan to the base of the 
mountain runs near the banks of the 
Ammonoosuc River and ascends a 
steep grade. 

After taking the Mount Washington 
train at the Base, for a time the ascent 
is through the thick woods. As the 
train proceeds, the character of the 
forests and vegetation changes and 
only the hardier varieties of trees 
are seen. These gradually disappear 
until finally a point is reached where 
but little, if any, vegetation is found. 
The view of the surrounding country, 
at first limited by the trees and 
neighboring mountains and hills, be- 
comes more and more extended until 
finally at the Summit the traveler 
finds himself higher even than the 
clouds, and overlooking hundreds of 
mountains, hills, lakes and streams. 

You may trace the lines of the rail- 
roads in the valleys, and the slowly 
moving line of smoke will disclose the 
localities of trains. . 

A short distance from the Summit 
is the Lake of the Clouds, quite a body 



of water, and in which the Ammonoo- 
suc River has its source. 

Tuckerman's Ravine can be seen 
from a point a short distance from the 
Summit, and in this deep ravine is 
left each year an arch formed of snow 
and which remains until sufficiently 
melted to fall, this generally occurring 
late in the summer. 

From the Summit you may look 
across New Hampshire and Vermont 
to the Adirondack Mountains in New 
York; to Owl's Head at Lake Mem- 
phremagog in Vermont and Canada; 
Killington Peaks, Mount Mansfield, 
Camel's Hump, Jay Peaks, of the 
Green Mountains in Vermont ; Mount 
Monadnock near the Massachusetts 
line; Mount Beloeil in Canada. 

You may see the Atlantic Ocean, 
and the seacoast cities of Portland in 
Maine, and Portsmouth in New Hamp- 
shire. 

Seventy-four sheets of water can 
be seen, and among them Sebago 
Lake, in Maine; Umbagog Lake, on 
the line between Maine and New 
Hampshire and Lake Winnipesaukee, 
in New Hampshire; the Connecticut, 
Ammonoosuc, Androscoggin and Saco 
Rivers. 

You may bee the Fabyan, Mount 
Pleasant, the Mount Washington and 
Maplewood Houses; the villages of 
Bethlehem, Jefferson, Twin Mountain, 
Lancaster, Whitefield, Littleton, Sugar 
Hill, Franconia, North Conway and 
Intervale, and the cities of Laconia 
and Berlin. 

The brakeman informed us that 
forty deer herded last year near the 
Half-Way House, and a five hundred 
pound bear was shot in Bretton 
Woods recently. We stayed over 
night at the foot of Mount Washing- 
ton. Next morning at 8 o'clock we 
started on our tramp through Craw- 
ford Notch to Bartlett, a distance of 
nineteen and one-half miles, where 
we found the wildest kind of scenery 
all shut in by great mountains, wild 
ravines and beautiful streams. We 
lunched on the site of the old Willey 
House, where we found a fine spring 
and some beautiful blue harebells. 



A Requiem 



345 



We arrived at Bartletl at 6 p. m., 
stayed there over night and con- 
tinued our tramp to Jackson the next 
day, passing the famed Goodrich 
Falls on route. At Jackson we saw 
many beautiful summer residences 
with fine hedges of Cherokee roses, 
also hedges of barberry intertwined 
with woodbine. Two of the largest 
and most attractive places were 
General Wentworth's and Oliver Dit- 
son Jr.'s. The Jackson Falls tum- 
bling over the rocks for more than a 
quarter of a mile lent an added charm 
to the place. There are many good 
hotels and boarding houses there, 
as it is one of the most celebrated 



places for fine scenery and a central 
point for many day excursions. 

We then continued our stroll to 
Intervale on the Saco River, where 
we had one of the best views of 
Kiarsarge Mountain with the house 
on the top of its conical peak. We 
then took the train back to the Dyke 
Mountain Farm well satisfied with 
our wild tramp, feeling, as Goethe 
has so well said: 

"Far, high, splendid the view. 
Around into life! 
From mountain to mountain 
Soars the eternal spirit, 
Presaging endless life." 



A REQUIEM FOR A DOG— DON 

Killed by a Speeding Automobile 
By Clark B. Cochrane 

Where loving hands have made thy grave 
Sweet be thy slumber and thy sleep; 

Above thee let the wild flowers wave 
And soft the tender raindrops weep. 

In tears I bid a long adieu, 

Dear comrade of my lonely days; 

Thine was the whitest soul I knew 
Along life's common beaten ways. 

And you were more to me than men 
Who in the limelight pray for grace, 

But stab in secret, and again 

Walk heavenward with averted face. 

Men waver, falter, cheat and lie, 
But thou did'st never fail a friend ; 

Men fail when fortune passes by 
J3ut you were faithful to the end. 

Wise Pagans did of old predict 

Our dogs to Heaven would follow us, 

And Jesus loved the dogs that licked 
The bleeding sores of Lazarus. 



346 The Granite Monthly 

If love is God then love will live, 
If God is love it cannot die, 

But, passing on, will wait to give 
Itself again with joyous cry, 

When we, who on life's drifting sand 
Wait calmly for the final pause, 

Shall reach the unencumbered land 
Where all love is that ever was. 

friends beyond! Advanced, not lost, 
With joy enlarging more and more; 

And one, because he loved me most, 
Will greet me first on that glad shore. 

Still, something would our pleasure mar, 
A sense of justice unfulfilled, 

Else we beheld from that fair star 

The star where heedless fools are grilled ! 

Where Satan guards the realm of Fate ** 
And sets his fearful grids a-row 

We might complacent view his state 
Who struck for thee the fatal blow. 

Aye, where the slow years ceaseless roll, 
And time no respite hath of night 

Nor day for a beleaugered soul 
To mark the stages of its flight! 

Beyond the reach of Christ's dear grace 
Cries for the beggar's touch were vain; 

No dog could cross that awful space 
To lap the twinges of his pain. 



TRUE 

By Stewart Everett Rowe 

As through this world I wend my winding way, 

And many different people chance to meet, 
I look at them as we each other greet 

And try to guess just what their features say. 
I see the faces and the lines that play 

Across their surface and they tell me true 
Just what that person through his life may do 

And how he'll be remembered when he's clay. 

Not long ago I met you, and your face « 

Tells me for sure that you are good and true: 

I know where'er you are you'll fill your place 
And that you'll always strive the right to do. 

I feel that when death comes to end life's race 
With God you'll surely dwell beyond the blue. 



SOME NEW HAMPSHIRE DUSTONS 

By Edwin M. Currier 

Many of the puzzles encountered who married at Beverley, Mass., 
by the genealogist, or local historian, November 29, 1739, Mrs. Lydia Ray- 
arise from the duplication of Christian mond [Beverley Record]. We find 
names with a given surname; and thus no other Timothy of marriageable age 
occasion many errors in our printed at that time. It seems reasonable 
family histories. A noteworthy case that three of the Dustons before 
in point occurs in the histories of mentioned, namely, William, said to 
Francestown and Claremont. Six in- have been born 1740, Eliphalet, 
dividuals of the name of Duston set- born 1750 and Zacheus, born 1751, 
tied in these towns and in Weare, were sons of this couple; but where 
namely: Paul, William, Eliphalet, born is not known. As to the twins, 
Zacheus, Thomas and Timothy, the Thomas and Timothy, the writer is 
last two being twins, and all said to convinced that they were not brothers 
be sons of a Timothy Duston. of the other three, but their cousins, 
Naturally the historian of Frances- and sons of John Duston (son of 
town, and others, imperfectly ac- Nathaniel) and his wife, Mercy Morse, 
quainted with the genealogy of the born in Plaistow April 9, 1745. While 
Duston family, assumed the father, children, they went with their father, 
Timothy, to have been the son of John, to Groton, Mass., where he 
Thomas and Hannah of the Indian died. While in Groton, the twin, 
raid. An inspection of the Haverhill Timothy, married Eunice Nutting, 
(Mass.) records, reveals the following and their first child, Abel, was born 
facts : there, eight more being born in Clare- 
Timothy, the son of Thomas and mont, where Timothy and his twin 
Hannah (Emerson) Duston, born brother, Thomas, settled. On one 
1694, married 1718, Sarah Johnson, occasion, as the Claremont record 
who died, 1735. They had six chil- informs us, " a town meeting was held 
dren recorded in Haverhill, namely: in Messrs. Thomas and Timothy 
Samuel born 1719, Paul born 1721, Duston'sbarn." 

John born 1724, Lydia born 1726, Monuments and boulders have been 

Sarah born 1728, and James born placed on some of those localities that 

1734. The second son, Paul, settled are associated with the history and 

in Weare, and was one of the six exploits of Thomas and Hannah 

Dustons first mentioned. It is not Duston. But it would seem to be 

likely that Timothy married again, high time that a memorial of another 

for the record says " Timothy, husband sort whould be erected to their names, 

of Sarah Johnson, died after 1733." There should be published a family 

In fact, he may have died about 1740 history of the Dustons, commencing 

or 41, as in the latter year, his oldest with the ancestry of Thomas and 

son, Samuel, was granted a letter of Hannah, so far as known; and com- 

administration on his father's estate, prising the latest of the descendants, 

In the probate papers, all of Timothy's in both male and female lines as far 

children, as recorded in Haverhill, are as can be ascertained. They had 

mentioned by name, and no others. nine children who lived to have fam- 

Who, then, was the father of the ilies; and over sixty grandchildren, 

other five Dustons, first mentioned in Down to the present time, a fairly 

this article? Nathaniel Duston, the complete record, would comprise 

son of Thomas and Hannah, had a many thousand descendants of the 

son Timothy, born Haverhill, 1716, celebrated pair, 
and he must have been the Timothy Dracut, Mass. 




SAMUEL HIDDEN WENTWORTH 



NEW HAMPSHIRE NECROLOGY 



SAMUEL H, WENTWORTH 

Samuel Hidden Wentworth, one of Bos- 
ton's oldest practicing lawyers, a native of 
the town of Sandwich, born July 16, 1834, 
died at Hotel Bowdoin in Boston November 
10, 1912. 

He was a member of one of New Hamp- 
shire's most noted families, which furnished 
the province three colonial governors in ante- 
Revolution days, a son of Paul Wentworth, a 
prominent merchant of Dover and Sandwich 
and a political leader in his time, and a direct 
descendant of Elder John Wentworth, con- 
spicuous in the early religious history of 
Dover. Among this brothers were Col. 
Joseph Wentworth, late of Concord, and the 
famous "Long John" Wentworth of Chicago, 
once Mayor of the city, representative in 
Congress and eminent as a lawyer. 

He attended Appleton Academy at New 
Ipswich and graduated from Harvard College 
in the class of 1858, and from Harvard Law 
School in 1861, commencing practice on the 
first of January following, in the old Joy 
Building on Washington Street, Boston, and 
continued on the same site for more than 
fifty years, except for a period of about 
eleven months, about 1880, when the Joy 
Building was torn down and replaced by the 
Rogers Building, into which he moved upon 
its completion. He was a general practi- 
tioner, but gave more attention to probate 
practice than any other branch of the law, and 
was widely trusted on account of his care 
and thoroughness. 

Politically Mr. Went worth was an old- 
school Democrat, and had served upon the 
ward and city committees of his party, and 
in the State legislature as a representative in 
1877 and 1878. He was also at one time a 
member of the Boston School Committee, 
and served for three years as a chairman of 
the Mayhew district committee. He had 
been for forty years a member of the New 
England Historic-Genealogical Society, act- 
ing several years as its secretary. He was a 
great lover of music, and a skilful organist, 
having presided at the organ in the college 
church in his undergraduate days, and served 
for some time as music