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*tiSUST 8ih.- 1885. 




Memorial Services, 


AUGUST 8lh, 1885. 




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The president of the United States has just received 
the sad tidings of the death of that illustrious citizen and 
ex-president of the United States, General U. S. Grant, 
at Mt. McGregor, in the state of New York, to which 
place he has lately been removed in the endeavor to 
prolong his life. In making this announcement to the 
people of the United States, the president is impressed 
with the public loss of a great military leader who was 
in the hour of victory magnanimous amid disaster; 
that serene and self- sustained man, who, in every sta- 
tion, whether as soldier or as chief magistrate, twice 
called to ])ower by liis fellow-countrymen, tread un- 
swervingly the path of duty, undeterred by the doubts 
of single-minded and straightforward men. The en- 
tire country has witnessed with deep emotion his pro- 
longed and patient struggle with the painful disease, 
and has watched by his couch of suffering with tears 
and sympathy. The destined end has come at last, 
and his spirit has returned to the Creator who sent it 
forth. The great heart of the nation that followed 
him when living, with love and pride, l)o\vs now with 
sorrow above him. His death is tenderly mindful of 
his virtues, his great patriotic services, and of the 
losses occasioned by his death. In testimonv ol the 

respect to the memory of Gen. Grant, it is ordered 
that the executive mansion and the several depart 
ments at Washington, D. C, be draped in mourning 
for a period of thirty days, and all public business shall 
on the day of his funeral be suspended, and the sec- 
retaries of war and the navy will cause orders to be 
issued for appropriate military and naval honors to be 
rendered on that day. 

In witness whereof I have hereunto set my hand and 
caused the seal of the United States to be affixed. 

Done at the city of Washington, D. C, this twenty- 
third day of July, a.d. one thousand eight hundred 
and eighty- five, and of the independence of the United 
States the one hundred and tenth. 

By the president : 

T. F, Bayard, 

Secretary if State. 




The president of the United States has issued his 
proclamation announcing the death of General Ulys- 
ses S. Grant, and making his order for appropriate 
honors in connection with the obsequies of the illus- 
trious dead. 

This tribute of respect from the chief magistrate of 
the nation to the life and character of the hero and 
statesman, and in profound recognition of the emi- 
nent services rendered his country, voices the nation's 

sense of lasting gratitude, no less than the present 
sense of sorrow, bereavement, and loss. 

"There are three kinds of praise: that which we 
yield, that which we lend, and that which we pay. 
We yield to the powerful from fear, we lend to the 
weak from interest, and we pay it to the deserving 
from Q^ratitudey 

General Grant — now cold in death — has deserved a 
nation's gratitude, and the poor meed of praise will 
not be withheld. 

Grief is confined to no section of our country, and 
too, from other lands have come the words of sympa- 
thy and appreciation. 

Now, therefore, to the end that we as a people may 
forego no portion of our privilege, in honor and mem- 
ory of a life so replete with useful and healthful ex- 
ample, I, James W. Dawes, governor of the state of 
Nebraska, do recommend that all classes and condi- 
tions, so far as may be practicable, engage in the ob- 
servance of memorial service upon the day that shall 
be so named and set apart. 

I hereby direct that the several state departments 
be closed to public business on the day of the funeral, 
and that the state officers attend the memorial ser- 
vices at the state capital in a body, that the national 
flag be displayed at half-mast from the capitol until 
after the day of the burial, and that the capitol build- 
ing be draped in mourning for a period of thirty days. 

In witness whereof, I have hereunto set my hand. 
Done at the capitol this 24th day of July, a.d. 1885. 

By the governor : 


Secretary of State. 




General Grant is dead ! His achievements in the 
battlefield, his magnificent services to the Union are 
known to the world. He was of the few great cap- 
tains who preferred peace to war; loved justice and 
honored liberty. The commander of the greatest 
army of modern times ; the final victor in the most 
terrible and sanguinary war the world ever saw, and 
yet carried himself so modestly, acted with such rare 
humanity, tempered his justice so gracefully with 
mercy, that to-day the re-united Nation mourns as one 
man. Blue and gray blend blend their tears over the 
mighty dead; let us add our mite in tribute. 

Now, therefore, in accordance with the proclamation 
of the president of the United States, and the gov- 
ernor of this commonwealth, I, F. E. Johnson, mayor 
of the city of Brownville, Nemaha county, Nebraska, 
do call upon the people of this city to abstain from all 
secular pursuits on Siturday, August 8th, 1885, the 
day set apart for the funeral obsequies, and that me- 
morial services be held in the opera house. 

The citizens are hereby requested to meet together 
on Saturday evening, August ist, 1885, to arrange 
preliminaries and provide committees for the funeral 





AUGUST 1,1885. 

In pursuance of the proclamation by the mayor of 
the city of Brownville, the citizens met in the First 
National Bank parlor to arrange a memorial service 
programme for the Sth day of August, at which 
time the obsequies of Gen. Grant would take place. 

On motion of Capt. J. L. Carson, Ex-Governor R. 
W. Furnas was elected chairman, and D. O. Cross, 
secretary. The chairman stated the object of the 
meeting was to appoint various committees on ar- 
rangements, etc. 

D. H. Mercer moved that a committee of nine, of 
whom Capt. J. L. Carson should be chairman, be ap- 
pointed on general arrangement. 

The chairman appointed the following as said com- 
mittee : 

Jno. L. Carson, Dr. C. F. Stewart, 

J. H. Broady, J.J. Meecer, 

Ed. M. Comas, Jr., T L. Jones, 

S. M. Rich, Rev. R. F. Powell, 

A. H. McGee. 
The chairman of the committee of nine was em- 
powered to appoint the various sub-committees, which 
he did as follows : 

committee on speakers and programme. 
D. H. Mercer, S. M. Rich, 

J. C. McNaughton. O. a. Cecil, 

R. W. Furnas. Jno. L. Carson, 

J. H. Broady. 

By vote of the meeting 

, Capt. Carson was added to 

the committee. 


J. C. McNaughton, 

D. O. Cross, 

Miss Cora Gates, 

Miss Lelia Crane, 

Jno. L. Carson, Jr., 

Miss Minnie McGee, 

Miss Clara Mercer, 

Miss Celia Furnas. 

Miss Toote Hoover, 

Mrs. Geo. D. Cross, 

Mrs. W 

M. Bailey. 

committee on decoration. I 


Mrs. a. E. Hill, 

J. J. Mercer, 

Mrs. a. a. Minnick, 

Wm. Bailey, 

Mrs. W. W. Hackney, 

Mrs. a. H. McGee, 

Mrs. Robt. Teare, 

Mrs. G. W. Bratton, 

Mrs. Nellie Powell. 

committee on 


Jas. Stevenson, 

W. F. Paris, 

J. W 



on finance. 

T. A. Bailey, 

Dr. C. F. Stewart, 

J. H. Royse, 

A. H. McGee. 



Tom Crummell, 

Sam Blackater, 

Ted Degman, 

J. M. Fowler, 

J. B. McCabe, 

Jas. Cochran 

After various suogestions and no further business, | 

meeting adjourned. 


D. 0. Cross, 



Brownville, August 8, 1885. 

The people of Brownville and adjoining country 
convened at the Marsh opera house, in conformity 
with previous arrangement and announcement. The 
hall was beautifully and appropriately draped in 
mourning. In the center of the stage was a fine life- 
like and life-size bust portrait of the dead hero, sur- 
rounded by portraits of Lincoln, Jackson, Garfield, 
and President Cleveland. The whole was surrounded 
and interspersed with a profusion of choice flowers, 
making a floral display rarely seen. Each committee 
had performed its duty admirably, and hence all exer- 
cises proceeded in most perfect harmony. The attend- 
ance was one of the largest ever known in the city, 
all feeling and evincing the impressiveness and sorrow 
of the occasion. 

The following programme, as arranged by the com- 
mittee, was observed: 



Gen. U. S. Grant. 



Reveille and Salute, one Gun each hour, commencing at Sunrise 
and concluding at Stmset. 

Services at Opera House, Commencing at 2 o'clock p.m. 
COL. R. W. FURNAS, .... President. 

1. Invocation and appropriiite i^cripture reading, - I^ev. It. 1-". Powell 
9 Music - - - ■ ■ Jli/inn "Aint'ica. 

3; Obituary, - - - - ,. <^'Apt /no. L. Carson 

4 Music - - - Hymn, "Ararer, My God, lo The . 

5! Voluntary tributes by citizens, interspersed with music. 
G. Closing Hymn and Benediction. Doxology, "Old Hmidrrd, ni wluch 
the audience joined. 

AU citizens, andparticulnrly all old Soldiers, arc cordially invited to attend 
and help swell the tribute of respect and admiratinn to the greatest hero of 
ancient or modern times. By J?;;^ W^^,^^ ^^ ARRANGEMENTS. 


The exercises at the opera house opened with the 
"Dead March" by the martial band, composed of 
J. W. Brush, Ed. Hudson, W. T. Paris, Arthur Paris, 
and Henry M. Hart. 

Col. F'urnas in calling the meeting to order said: 

However long and anxiously we may have 
watched at the death bed of loved ones or friends, 
even in momentary expectation of death, the an- 
nouncement, dead! startles and shocks stoutest hearts 
and nerv^es, unfitting for else than grief and mourn- 
ing. So in the instance of him whose name and 
deeds are enshrined in more hearts than of any other 
man. Grant is dead ! The shock came to the na- 
tion, to the world, in a measure is spent, and we as 
humble citizens of the goodly land his military genius 
and power saved from wreck, meet in a calmer hour 
and day to blend our sorrows and tears with those of 
the North, the South, the East, and the West. While 
distant in person, in form and heart we join in con- 
signing the honored and illustrious dead to temporary 
rest, until the last bugle call sounds, summoning all 
nations of the earth to final judgment. 

The world knew but one Napoleon, but one Wash- 
ington, knows but one Grant. While his renown was 
established by the great internecine struggle in which 
the triumph of his military bra n involved the loss of 
the Southern cause, to-day from all over the South- 
land come accents from pulpit and press of genuine 
mourning over the loss of the hero, who, in the hour of 
his great victory, granted such chivalrous terms to his 
conquered countrymen. " Let them take their horses 
home with them; they will need them for their farm 
work," will live in Southern memory while time shall 


be. At his grave, this moment, stand two mourning 
pall -bearers, generals of the Southern army who sur- 
rendered to Grant. One going from the extreme Pa- 
cific to the extreme Atlantic to mingle his sorrows 
with those of the stricken family of his conqueror. 

Grant was great in the truest and most significant 
interpretation of the term. His epigramatic sayings 
will live contemporaneously with the world's history. 
" I demand an immediate and unconditional sur- 
render." "I propose to move immediately upon 
your works." "We will fight it out on this line if it 
takes all summer." " Push things." " Let no guilty 
man escape." " Let us have peace," and many other 
such concise utterances will go down to future genera- 
tions as indicative of the metal out of which the great 
silent soldier was made. Other men might have said 
these things, but none save this intrepid, invincible 
commander dared say them. 

That the great Captain who preferred peace to war 
was spared to see and know his prayers answered, the 
last bitterness of war wiped out ; when the hour of his 
departure was so near at hand that speech failed, he 
was permitted to write : "I have witnessed since my 
sickness just what I wished to see ever since the war, 
harmony and good feeling between the sections; I 
have always contended that if there had been nobody 
left but the soldiers, we would have had peace in a 
year," can be regarded in no other light than of Di- 
vine permission, for purposes and ends best and only 
known to Him who knoweth and doeth all things 

And now that we are formally called to order for 
purposes indicated, let us appropriately, reverently, 


and devoutly invoke Divine favor and direction to 
this end. Rev. Mr. Powell will read from the scrip- 
tures and lead in prayer. 

Rev. R. F. Powell read from the Holy Scriptures: 
2 Samuel iii. 38; Isaiah iii. 1-2-3; Job xxiv. 22-24; 
Genesis 1. 7-14; Psalms xc. Then offered the follow- 
ing prayer: 

Almighty God, our Heavenly Father ! who alone is 
Great; and in whose hands are the issues of life and 
death; and nations are removed and sustained by Thy 
power. And while to-day we are feeling the weight 
of this power as a nation, by the removal from our 
midst of the late successful military commander and 
ex-chief magistrate of our republic, U. S. Grant, we 
would bow ourselves in humble submission, and rec- 
ognize Thy divine power ; as we find ourselves con- 
vened in harmony with the proclamations of the pres- 
ident of the United States, the governor of the state 
of Nebraska, and mayor of the city of Brownvillc, 
growing out of this berea\ement, to blend our sym- 
pathies with each other, and the family and friends of 
the departed hero and statesman; and to mingle our 
prayers for the choicest benedictions of heaven to rest 
upon and comfort the sorrowing family and friends; 
and to tender the last earthly tribute of tender regard 
and respect to the memory of one who has been so 
faithful to the trust committed to his care; and while 
we eulogize his memory, recognize his instrumentality 
in bringing our late civil war to a successful termina- 
tion and sustaining the unity of the republic he loved 
so much; whilst we remember with gratitude that 
his dying hours were soothed with telegramic utter- 
ances from various sections of our country, giving 


him to feel that the trend of thought was for the unity 
of our nation, and that sectional animosity was fast 
waning away, let us hope, oh, God! until no North, 
South, East, or West shall exist as such in sectional 
divisions. We praise Thy name, oh, God, for the life 
of this silent, active, persevering man of providence ; 
for the work he was permitted to accomplish; for the 
record of history he was spared to complete, even in 
his dying hours; that he was permitted to depart in 
peace, surrounded by his sorrowing family, relatives, 
and friends ; and that, through the counsels of his 
spiritual advisers, he was led to leave the record of 
his trust in Thee. We are not here expecting to ben- 
efit the dead in any sense ; his record is made on high; 
we thank Thee for it, we leave it in Thy hands; and 
beseech Thee to enable us to emulate the example of 
the virtues of the departed hero and statesman. May 
we as a community and as a nation, as we attend the 
funeral obsequies, and listen to the memorial tributes 
which may be offered in his behalf, have such impres- 
sions made upon us as shall lead our thoughts to seek 
a higher, and nobler, and purer manhood and wom- 
anhood. Bless, prosper, and kindly care for his ftimily, 
our nation, our chief magistrate, his cabinet, and all the 
of&cers in every departmentof the nation, church, and 
state, and lead us to honor and glorify Thy name, that 
we may not perish from the scroll of nations. And as 
the mortal remains of U. S. Grant are about this time 
being committed to their last resting place, and as the 
solemn words, "earth to earth," "ashes to ashes," 
"dust to dust," are uttered by the minister of God, 
may the consolations of the gospel sooth the hearts 
of the family, relatives, friends, and a nation mourn- 

ing his loss, and bring us all to the final enjoyment of 
the saints' rest without the loss of one; for Christ's 
sake. Amen. 

The choir was composed of the following named 
ladies and gentlemen: 

Mrs. Belle Bailey, Miss May Hoover, 
Mrs. Geo. D. Cross, Miss Lillie Hoover, 
Miss Celia H. Furnas, Miss Lura Rich, 
Miss Clara Mercer, Mr. John L. Carson, Jr., 
Miss Lelia Crane, Mr. J. C. McNaughton, 

Miss Pearl Minnick, Mr. L. Foster Hitt, 
MissE.D. McNaughton, Mr. David O. Cross, 
Miss Minnie Moore, Mr. John Chappelard, 
Miss Mamie Chatfield, Mr. Thos. L.Jones. 

Hart played tlie Reveille on cornet in the morning, 
with the drum. 



The occasion is the death of General Grant. The 
great commander of the armies of the republic iS no 
more. Now that a few of us have met together this 
day — as millions of our fellow citizens will meet in 
this and other lands, and larger communities — what 
shall we say to commemorate the death and perpetu- 
ate the noble example and distinguished character of 
the heroic soldier? What can I say? What new 
thing can any one speak of our old commander — the 
greatest captain the world has ever produced. After 
a contest continued through months of acute sufferings, 
borne with heroic patience, the soldier who never 


knew what surrender meant, has at last been forced to 
succumb, and General Grant, the most honored of 
men, is amoni^ the immortals — 

" One of the few, the immortal names, 
That were not born to die." 

Imperishable, incorruptible, deathless. The chronol- 
ogy of General Grant is that he was: 

Born at Mount Pleasant, O April 27, 1822 

Entered West Point Military Academy .... 1839 

Graduated and entered the army 1843 

Commissioned full Lieutenant . . . .' Sept. 30, 1845 
Promoted to First Lieutenant .... Sept. 8, 1847 

Married to Miss Julia T. Dent 1848 

Promoted to Captain Aug, 5, 1853 

Resigned July 31, 1854 

Reported for duty to Gov. Yates . . April 19, 1861 
Made Colonel 21st Reg. 111. Vol. . . . June 17, 1861 

Commissioned Brig. Gen. Vol Aug. 7, 1861 

Battle of Belmont Nov. 7, 1861 

Captured Fort Henry Feb. 6, 1862 

Captured Fort Donelson Feb. 16, 1862 

Batde of Shiloh April 6-7, 1862 

Vicksburg captured July 4, 1863 

Promoted to Maj. Gen. Regular Army . . July, 1863 

Battle of Chattanooga Nov. 24-25, 1863 

Made Lieutenant General March 9, 1864 

Moved on Richmond May 3, 1864 

Battle of the Wilderness May 5, 6, 7, 1864 

Battle of Spottsylvania C. H. . . May 9 to 12, 1864 

Cold Harbor June i, 1864 

Petersburg— first attack June 17, 1864 

Petersburg — second assault July 30, 1864 


Hatcher's Run March 29, 1865 

Five Forks April i, 1865 

Petersburg captured April 2, 1865 

Richmond captured April 3, 1865 

Lee surrendered April 9, 1865 

Commissioned General July 25, 1866 

Made Secretary of War Aug 12, 1867 

Nominated for President at Chicago. . May 21, 1868 

Renominated at Philadelphia June 5, 1872 

Retired from the Presidential office . . March 4, 1877 

Began his foreign tour May 17, 1877 

Returned via San Francisco Sept. 20, 1879 

Received in Chicago Nov. 12, 1879 

Made tour in Mexico 1880 

Second tour in Mexico 1881 

Located in New York 1882 

Placed on the retired list March 3, 1885 

Died 8:08 A.M. Thursday, July 23, 1885 

Aged 63 years, 2 months, and 26 days. 

Wonderful career ! Mighty man ! Born in the 
humble cottage at Mount Pleasant, he rose — not rap- 
idly at first — but in the end to the highest pinnacle of 
human fame. Always retiring, unobtrusive, modest 
in character, the American people — the nation whom 
he loved and served so well — there placed him. The 
heart of the nation stands still as it contemplates the 
full measure of the loss with which it is now brought 
face to face. The fidelity that could not waver, 
the devotion that knew no limit, the zeal that never 
faltered, the courage that never foiled, the patriotism 
that was as much of him as his life blood — all these, 
that were for so many years as a shield to his country- 


men — are gone forever. We to-day commemorate 
his death; let us also revere his memory, emulate his 
example, and in so far as we can imitate it. 

His ancestry were Scotch Puritans, and among the 
first emigrants who set foot on the shores of New En- 
gland. His grandfather served with credit in the war 
of the Revolution, and at its close settled in Western 
Pennsylvania, where Jesse Grant, the father of the 
General, was born. In early life the father of our dis- 
tinguished dead moved to Mount Pleasant, Ohio, where 
as before stated, Ulysses S. Grant was born, on the 
27th day of April, 1822. He was not distinguished 
as a boy or a man for attractive physical presence, 
other than a compact knit frame and wonderful pow- 
ers of endurance. The work of heredity — the powers 
of physical endurance — enabled him to go for long 
periods without food or sleep, as was evidenced later, 
when he could outride in the saddle the youngest and 
heartiest of his staff officers. At West Point his stu- 
dent life was not distinguished for brilliancy ; he was 
simply an average man, but with marked staying 
qualities and simplicity of character, upon which his 
soul could safely depend when roused to action by a 
great occasion. 

The failure of a young man to keep up with his 
class caused a vacancy at the military academy, which 
was offered and accepted by young Grant, and thus 
this plain and simple mannered youth became a ward 
of the nation, which he afterwards saved. In the war 
with Mexico he served as a young officer under Gen. 
Zachariah Taylor and General Winfield Scott, with 
distinction and great personal bravery. 

It was only a short time before the death of Gen. 


Scott that he inscribed in the autograph album of 
Gen. Grant these noble words: "From the oldest to 
the ablest general in the world," signed, Winfield 

Having resigned his commission in the army after 
the peace with Mexico, the great civil war found him 
an humble private citizen in the state of Illinois. 

When the first overt act of armed resistance to the 
United States was committed at Sumpter, there was 
not a moment's hesitation on the part of Grant as to 
what was his duty as a citizen and a soldier. He did 
not offer his services in the spirit of a professional 
military man, he came with a loyal heart from the 
ranks of the people, entered the volunteer service 
with a deep sense of the nature and magnitude of the 
struggle that was upon the nation, and the fierceness 
with which the issue must be contested. In the vol- 
unteer service he rose rapidly by his splendid ability 
and successful service to a major general, invoking 
promotion after promotion until at last in March, 
1864, by special act of congress, he was commissioned 
Lieutenant-General and placed in command of all the 
armies of the United States. 

Rich in the resources that make a great soldier, he 
soon brought to a close armed resistance to the au- 
thority of the Republic. 

Superior in war, he was also powerful in peace, and 
to him more than any other are we indebted for the 
amicable relations that now exist between the once 
two hostile sections of the Union. 

When asked at Donelson for a commission to settle 
the terms of capitulation, his ever memorable reply 
was: "No terms except unconditional surrender can 


be accepted, I propose to move immediately upon 
your works," and yet when he became Chief Magis- 
trate of the Union he had saved, his first official mes- 
sage as President was, " Let us have peace." 

In fine he was a man that stood exalted by the 
]:)eople to the throne of government, established on 
the base of justice, liberty, and equal right. 

His countenance sublime, expressed a nation's 
majesty, and yet was meek and humble. In royal 
place he gave example to the meanest of the fear of 
God and to all integrity of life. 

In manners august, yet lowly; severe, yet gracious, 
in his very heart detesting all oppression, all intent of 
private aggrandizement. 

The first in every public duty, he held the scales of 
justice as the law which reigned in him commanded; 
gave rewards, or with the edge of sword smote, now 
lightlv, now heavily, according to the nature of the 

Conspicuous, like an oak of healthiest bough, deep- 
rooted in his country's love, he stood and gave his 
hand to virtue, helping up the honest man to honor 
and renown, and with the look which goodness wears 
in wrath, drove from his presence the venal, withering 
the very blood of knaves. 

In days of dreadful deeds he mastered the stormy 
wings of war and led the battle on, when liberty swift 
as the fire of heaven in fury rode, and threw the 
tyrant down or drove invasion back. 

He ruled supreme in righteousness, or held inferior 
place in steadfast rectitude of soul. Proportioned to 
the service done to God and man. Great is his re- 




I heartily join in honors to the memory of Gen. 
Grant. Victor Hugo has well said that " volcanoes 
throw up stones, and revolutions cast up men." With- 
out the rebellion it is not likely that any one here 
would have ever so much as heard of U. S. Grant. 
As things are, his fame spreads over all the earth. 

Grant was a hero; he was made of the stuff of 
which heroes are made. His fame comes within the 
definition of the Grecian philosopher, Socrates, "the 
perfume of heroic actions." The fame of a hero 
usually comes from three things : heroic actions, or- 
nament, an I humbug. The first only is heroism. 
With some heroes humbug predominates, with some 
ornament, and with some heroic actions. The an- 
cients after acquiring fame from great actions, were 
apt to have declared that they were descended from 
the gods, and were endowed with superhuman 
powers. Xerxes would" make the world believe that 
he could move mountains and lash the waves of the 
sea to be still. Alexander the Great would pro\'e his 
divinity by drinking more than mortal could of wine. 
Others of more modern times would have their dev- 
otees to explain away the fame of rivals and show by 
argument the great things they themselves could have 
done with opportunity. But Grant made no preten- 
sions of what he could do, or what he was. He 
simply did the heroic acts as the occasions arose. 
Without vanity, without bombast, he w^as as destitute 
of humbug as we ever find mortal man to be. Heroes 
sometimes throw a glamour around their names by 


their dress, by their walk, by their look, by their 
pen, by their flow of rhetorical oratory, or other or 
namental achievement and matters of mere personal 
display. Macaulay states that Louis XIV. of France 
carried this passion for personal display to such an 
extreme as to appear before his vassals when sick to 
vomit right royally. But Grant, simple and unpre- 
tentious, sought not to be prepossessing — sought not 
to dress like a hero, to walk like a hero, to talk like a 
hero, nor to look like a hero. I shall ever be proud 
that I saw him once on a public platform in the midst 
of men, among whom were the President of the 
United States, leading members of the Cabinet, and 
generals of the army and private citizens. I think I 
speak the common feeling of observers of that scene, 
when I say that Gen. Grant was the most common- 
place appearing individual on that platform. It is re- 
lated by his faithful secretary of state, Hamilton Fish, 
that upon an occasion of mere ornament, soon after 
he became President, when a delegation of ministers 
presented an address blooming over with the flowers 
of rhetoric, he undertook a formal reply, but the 
steady, strong nerve that never faltered when hero- 
ism was in demand, quivered till his knees began to 
tremble, when his faithful secretary, by loud coughing, 
brought a timely halt to his effort at ornamental talk 
that was breaking down the nerves of the hero of the 

We frequently hear talk of men who cannot tell 
all they know, and of others who can tell more than 
they know. It is true that there are some who have 
no inclination to talk without saying anything, nor to 
tell even all they do know, nor to make people believe 


that they know more than they do, nor the gift of 
expressing" themselves in the most charming way; 
while there are others who have both an aptness and 
desire for talking without saying anything, and for 
making people believe that they know much more 
than they do, and of expressing themselves with the 
most delightful display and ornaments of speech. But 
to be unable to tell what one knows, or able to speak 
wisdom one does not possess, there is no such thing. 
When to speak was heroic, and words rose to the 
dignity of actions, then no one has talked better than 
Grant, and no one has ever been more ready. With- 
out ornament, as he was without humbug, he stands in 
history the real hero, pure and simple, without alloy. 
As he goes down to the grave, he says to his brave 
antagonist in the field, Gen. Buckner: " I have wit- 
nessed since my sickness just what I have wished to 
see ever since the war — harmony and good feeling be- 
between the sections. I have always contended that if 
there had been nobody left but the soldiers we should 

have had peace in a year. and are the 

only two that I know of who do not seem to be satis- 
fied on the Southern side. We have some on our 
side who failed to accomplish as much as they wished, 
or who did not get warmed up to the fight until it was 
all over, who have not had quite full satisfaction. The 
great majority, too, of those who did not go into the 
war, have long since grown tired of the long contro- 
versy. We may now look forward to a perpetual 
peace at home, and a national strength that will screen 
us against any foreign complication." 

Measure these words by the mighty effects for good 
they are producing, and in the light of the truth that 


it is not so rare a quality to be great in the face of a 
belligerent foe, as to be great towards a fallen one, 
and we find that there speaking was of itself heroism, 
flowing from an heroic soul. Grant's greatness is de- 
fined by the matchless phrase applied to him by Ros- 
coe Conkling : "The arduous greatness of things 
done." If I were to undertake to give him a distinc- 
tive description among the heroes of the world, upon 
the scroll of fame, I would say — the hero composed 
of nothing but heroism. 

He was heroic in life. He was heroic in death. In 
war, he crushed the rebellion. In peace, and at the 
portals of death, by crushing the animosities and sec- 
tional hatred lingering from the war, he has done the 
more arduous and greater thing of demonstrating to 
the world the maxim of political philosophy, that 
" Peace hath its victories, no less renowned than 
war." Never before has the world presented such a 
spectacle of universal kindness and esteem among all 
mankind for a single man, as to-day, while we bear 
his mortal remains to the tomb. 


Separated as we are by many hundreds of miles 
from the solemn scenes of his funeral, and denied an 
active participation in the last sad rites of his burial, 
it is yet our melancholy privilege to assemble here as 
a community and thus publicly express our grief and 
sorrow at the death of America's greatest soldier and 
most illustrious citizen. 

In the history of the world, the name of Ulysses 
S. Grant cannot and will not be forgotten. Nor will 


he be remembered simply as one who successfully 
met a sudden emergency — filled a particular niche, as 
it were — and then went down to his grave, leaving 
neither his own country nor the world generally any 
better or wiser for his life and actions in it. It is in 
some such way that we recall the name of Alexander 
the Great, to express the thought of conquest and 
spoils. The fame of Wellington rests largely on his 
victory at Waterloo, and the overthrow of Bonaparte. 
And Napoleon Bonaparte himself, is but a synonym 
for towering and unsatisfied ambition. These men 
settled no question, save, perhaps, that of their own 
prowess, and the superiority of one nation over an- 
other in arms. But Grant did more than these — he 
was greater than these. He was great in peace, as 
well as in war. With his drawn sword in the hour of 
battle, and the constitution of his country in the day 
of peace, he solved for the world a most momentous 
problem in governmental science, viz., the power of a 
free republic of free men (every one of whom is a sov- 
ereign in his own right) to compel obedience to its 
laws — to suppress insurrection and rebellion by en- 
emies within — resist attacks from enemies without — 
heal its own dissensions and adjust its own difficulties, 
without the intervention or arbitration of any other 
power on earth. And so, having taught the king- 
doms and empires this great truth, this great fact, we 
say that both his own country and the world at large 
is better and is wiser for Grant's having lived and 
acted in it. 

In the few moments allotted to me, I shall not at- 
tempt a mention of his many virtues and characteris- 
tics. These you have heard — these you will hear from 

the pens of authors and the tongues of orators for 
many years to come. His excellences as a soldier, 
statesman, citizen, husband, father, and friend will be 
recorded. I consent myself with saying that in nothing- 
was General Grant so great as in his extreme simplicity 
and modesty. No human being ever bore such high 
and mighty honors with equal modesty. As a soldier, 
he attained the very summit of mihtary fame; but so 
modestly did he demean himself that no other soldier 
envied him his honors. As president, the highest 
civil officer of the government, he was at all times and 
under all circumstances accessible to and approach- 
able by the humblest citizen in the land. As a civil- 
ian, this 11 /icro7L'?ied conqueror and ruler, in the plain 
dress of an American citizen, without decoration or 
adornment, received the homage of every crowned 
head in the world. In his private life he was so sim- 
ple, and modest, and pure, that every uncharitable 
tongue was hushed long before his death. No words 
of ours can add to the grandeur of his life — and he is 
grand and mighty in death, even as in life. 

He is dead! And this afternoon, in the city of New 
York, is erected another shrine at which patriotism, 
and love of God, country, and humanity, may worship. 

" Then sleep sweetly, tender heart, in peace ; 

Sleep, holy spirit, blessed soul ; 
\V' liile the stars burn, the moons increase, 

And the great ages onward roll I " 

Hush ! the Dead March wails in the people's ears ; 
The dark crowd moves, and there are sobs and tears ; 
The black earth yawns : the mortal disappears. 
Ashes to ashes, dust to dust ; 
He is gone who seemed so great; 


Gone; hut nothing can bereave him 

Of the force he made his own, 

Being here, and we believe him 

Something far advanced in state, 

And that he wears a truer crowMi 

Than any wreath that man can weave him. 

Speak no more of his renown. 

Lay your earthly fancies down, 

And in the vast cathedral leave him. 

God accept him, Christ receive him. 


I esteem it as a privilege to add a few words upon 
this memorial occasion, endorsing what has been said 
by previous speakers — at the same time feeling that 
did I possess the eloquence of a Demosthenes, the 
graphic diction of a Macaulay, or the unbiased details 
of a Gibbon, I could not attempt to do justice to the 
memory of the great man whose deeds have become 
the property of history, and whose memorial services 
have called us together, in the short space of time be- 
fore me. I am glad that I have lived during his life, 
in this glorious age of giant achievements, and that it 
was my privilege to stand in line with the soldiers he 
so steadily led on to final victory — which, no doubt, 
is an honor greater than to have fought under the 
banners of an Alexander the Great, Napoleon, or 
Wellington. I am led to believe that these memorial 
tributes will leave a more permanent impression upon 
many young hearts, these boys, and these girls, these 
middle-aged, these older persons, than possibly we 
may imagine. Your speaker is carried back in thought 
thirty-three years ago, when impressions were made 
which to-day are as vivid and clear as, when a boy, I 


stood and beheld the funeral procession of the then 
lamented Duke of Wellington, the hero of Waterloo, 
which was several hours in passing by Trafalgar square, 
in London; that event, in connection with the country- 
draped in mourning, expressive of a nation's sorrow 
— as we are giving vent to ours to-day — taught me, 
young as I was, the lesson that a nation, though con- 
sidered soulless, 'could mourn the loss of its great 
ones, who had lived and worked, through love and 
duty, to discharge their obligations as citizens of its 
commonwealth. My young heart had been taught to 
look up to the Iron Duke with respect and gratitude, 
and these feelings for his memory have ever been en- 
tertained by me. 

But of this man. General Grant, whose remains are 
even now^ about to be consigned to their final resting 
place, on account of the circumstances, I feel a deeper, 
more abiding personal interest, as one who, commenc- 
ing as a private citizen, has written his name higher 
on the scroll of military fame and glory than any one 
who has preceded him. Not for the purposes of am- 
bition or aggrandizement ; but to restore peace, to 
bring about unity to a tottering republic. And hold- 
ing with credit to himself the position of chief magis- 
trate for two consecutive terms, during the arduous, 
difficult, and dangerous period of reconstruction ; 
leaving the presidential chair to be accorded such 
civic honors by the crov/ned heads of the world here- 
tofore unheard of, and in ovations without number in 
his extended tour around the world — receiving adula- 
tion and praise such as no private citizen had ever 
had extended to him before; coming home and as- 
suming the simple role of citizen — and yet retaining 


as he did his character as a modest American citizen 
— is one of the remarkable traits of his character. His 
plain, incisive phrases used during his military ca- 
reer have become proverbial — and many of which will 
live in history and be used by the people often, as 
expressive of clear-cut decision of character. His 
character may be as truly admired by his friends as it 
was studied and feared by his enemies. Possibly his 
most prominent point of character is shown in his duty 
to his country in her time of need, and his endeavor 
to preserve her intact through the storm of civil war 
which has lately swept with such fury over her, and 
may be especially noticeable by the historian. The 
surrender at Appomattox, while not generally con- 
ceded, proves a superior phase of statesmansLip, and 
testifies to a spirit far above that exhibited by any of 
the conquering generals of historic renown. His de- 
sire to leave a correct history of his life for future refer- 
ence seems to have been the predominant idea of his 
declining years, which he was also permitted to ac- 
complish, and it will doubtless be read with great 
interest throughout the world. His integrity as a 
husband and a father are also w^orthy of a passing- 
notice, as a prominent feature in his life, when com- 
pared with many men occupying eminent public 
positions ot trust in this day of latitudinarianism in 
many social circles. As a closing memorial tribute to 
his memory, I would inscribe him as the silent, active, 
persevering, conquering hero and man of providence, 
conquered at last ! 


Mr. Pi'esident, Ladies, and Gsntleiiien • 

Although I have no carefully prepared address to 
deliver, and am unskilled in the art of extemporaneous 
speaking, yet in view of the objects of this meeting, I 
feel under obligations to respond briefly to the call 
made upon me. 

I have listened with deep interest to the highly ap- 
propriate and deeply impressive exercises of this mem- 
orable occasion, and concur heartily in all that has been 
so well said concerning the characteristics and achieve- 
ments of the illustrous hero, whose obsequies are being 
solemnized here to-day. 

I shall attempt to say a few words concerning the 
relations that subsisted between Gen. Grant and the 
great state he served with such rare fidelity and trans- 
cendent ability. 

What constitutes the state? Not legislative and ex- 
ecutive and judicial officers; not armies and navies and 
fortifications, and implements of war; not railroads and 
steamboats and telegraph lines; not banks and manu- 
factories and mercantile establishments; notfarmsand 
farm products; not the press and schools and churches 
and benevolent institutions; none of these, nor all 
combined, constitute the state. They are merely the 
products and instrumentalities of the state. The peo- 
ple are the state. The character of the state depends 
wholly on the qualities of the people that compose it. 
Every industrious, intelligent, virtuous, loyal citizen is 
an element of national strength. It is not simply the 
privilege, but the imperative duty of every citizen to 
contribute, according to the measure of his abilities 


and opportunities, to the prosperity and stability of the 
state of which he is an integral part, and whose pro- 
tection he enjoys. But when, in time of national dis- 
tress or peril, a citizen displays extraordinary ability, 
courage, and patriotism in the service of his country, 
he becomes a national benefactor, and the nation be- 
comes his debtor. Such were the relations that sub- 
sisted between Gen. Grant and the people of the Uni- 
ted States. 

The degree of the national obligations under such 
circumstances depends upon the value of the services 
performed. It is impossible to form an adequate 
estimate of the value of the services which Gen. 
Cxrant rendered his country and oppressed humanity 
throughout the earth. It has been said that had 
Gen. Grant fallen during the civil war, some one of 
our generals would have taken his place and done 
his work equally well. It is idle to speculate upon 
this problem. Certain it is that he did far more than 
any one else, excepting the martyred president only, 
to suppress the great rebellion, and to establish more 
firmly, and perpetuate among the nations of the earth 
the blessings of republican institutions. 

During his life, the American people conferred upon 
Gen. Grant the highest rewards at their disposal. At 
the time of his death he was the most conspicuous, the 
most highly honored citizen of the republic. Yet the 
national obligation to him was not satisfied. It could 
not, it never can be canceled. His grateful country- 
men will fondly cherish his memory; they will erect 
monuments to perpetuate his fame ; they will place 
him beside Washington and Lincoln as one of the 
"immortal three that were not born to die;" they 


will teach their children to love and honor his great 
name; but the nation must ever remain his debtor. 

In the death of this simple minded, noble patriot of 
the people of the United States, humanity at large has 
suffered an irreparable loss. 


Gen. Grant belonged to no class, and represented 
no particular section. His charities were large enough 
to cover, and his brain great enough to comprehend 
the interests and the aspirations of humanity itself. 

He was the child of our institutions, was created by 
them; drew his loftiest inspirations from them, and 
the country loved him because he was born of the best 
spirit of the country. In his career he described the 
full circle of American citizenship. Humble in his 
birth, and most loftily exalted in his death, he had 
filled the interval between these two extremes, always 
w^isely, bravely, and honorably. 

" It has been wisely said that ever} great movement 
in a civilized age has its reflection, and that reflection 
is the philosophy of the period." The philosophy of 
Bacon that advocated free religious toleration as an 
indefeasible right of man, rather than a permission 
from a ruler or a church. This movement advanced 
from religious toleration to the revolution of 1795, it 
demanded a new philosophy, and received it in the 
teachings of John Locke. That philosophy, the grand- 
est the world had ever known, had for its broad base 
the free and equal rights of man. It was reserved 
for the American colonist to reflect that philosophy 
in its fullness, beauty, and vigor. The initial truths 
enunciated from the standpoint of the declaration of 


independence — "That all men are created free and 
equal, and endowed with the right of life, liberty, and 
the pursuit of happiness," — these sublime truths were 
the fundamental idea that peivaded, and were reflected 
in the minds of the American people of that era; the 
spirit they aroused was one of moral heroism, and the 
American revolution stands out on the canvass of his- 
tory wonderful in result, God-like in character. That 
philosophy continued to pervade the minds and the 
legislation of the American people for a considerable 
period after the revolution, and until the repr^^senta- 
tive men of that historic period had for the most part 
departed from the cabinet and councils of the nation. 

The development of American commerce and the 
rapid spread of African slavery in the southern states 
of the Union, the invention of the cotton gin, which 
rendered slave labor profitable, the desire of wealth 
and the greed of gain soon drifted a large portion of 
the American people away from the truths of the dec- 
laration and back to the old Latin civilization, that 
held as an article of its antique creed that capital 
should own and control labor, and it became a politi- 
cal axiom common to all parties that the truths set in 
the declaration referred only to the dominant and not 
to the servile race. This heresy against the rights of 
man finally produced its legitimate results, and cul- 
minated in the rebellion of 1861. 

Abraham Lincoln came to the great duties of the 
presidency with his vigorous mind fully imbued with 
the faith of the fathers, and an unshaken belief in 
the philosophy of the declaration. As the rebellion 
developed, and as the war progressed and gathered 
strength, this doctrine of the rights of man became to 


his just and generous mind the polar star of all politi- 
cal truth. 

After Donelson and Shiloh, Lincoln's faith in the 
mihtary genius and ability of Grant grew to a convic- 
tion so strong that nothing thereafter was able to shake 
or overthrow it, and the prophetic wisdom of the 
great commoner of Illinois found consummation for 
this fervent faith in the close of the war at Appomat- 
tox, which established on a firm and lasting base the 
sublime philosophy of the declaration. 

The proclamation of Lincoln abolishing slavery, for 
which a world has glorified and a race has deified him, 
made possible the faith of the fathers, while Gen. 
Grant's circle of incomparable victories, ending with 
Appomattox, solidified and made absolute the eternal 
truths that " all men are created free and equal." But 
Gen. Grant stopped not here, his wondrous generosity 
and humanity established new piinciples in war. The 
old theory, as far back as history records the acts 
of man, was to hold down with iron hand and crush 
the conquered beneath the spurred and booted heel 
of relentless war. 

This new philosophy which Gen. Grant evoked out 
of supremest victory created the profoundest sensa- 
tion in every quarter of the globe. For on that great 
day at Appomattox, he said to the surrendered hosts 
of Lee : ' ' Disband your army organization, take your 
horses and wagons, with all your appliances, return to 
your homes and seek by your industry, energy, and 
thrift to repair the wide wasting ravages of this inter- 
necine war." His heroic bugle notes: "Let us have 
peace," were the prelude to that sublime philosophy, 
humanity to the conquered in war. 


This great humanity of Gen. Grant's in war, stands 
without a parallel in the wide annals of man's history. 
Stanton, the greatest secretar}^ who had organized 
war since the days of Carnot, sought to interpose the 
weight of his great authority between Gen. Grant and 
the surrendered and paroled armies of the Confed- 
eracy, by ordering the arrest of Gen. Lee and his 
principal officers. Gen. Grant, on learning this, has- 
tened to the War Office, and in language stern and 
not to be mistaken, forbade the secretary, upon his 
peril, to in anywise interfere or hinder in the smallest 
degree the pledges of parol which he had given to 
Gen. Lee and his officers, and the haughty and im- 
perious secretary stayed his strong hand and bolder 
deed, while the world beheld with wonder and admi- 
ration the consummation of that new and better phi- 
losophy which Gen. (irant first evoked into life at 

It is not our province to-day to enumerate the great 
events of Gen. Grant's career or repeat the roll-call 
of his distinguished services, but rather to compress 
into short sentences and mention in rapid language 
a few of the salient points that marked his great 
career. During the war, and through Gen. Grant's 
administration, there were crowded into twenty event- 
ful years full a thousand years of ordinary history. 
The successful conclusion of a great war, the wise 
measures of reconstruction, the enfranchisement of 
4,000,000 of slaves, the solemn guarantees of freedom 
and political equality to every soul under the flag em- 
bodied in the fundamental law of the land, the preser- 
vation inviolate of the national honor in the payment 
of national obligations, the rapid payment of a great 


debt, the reduction of the burdens of taxation, the 
return to specie payment, the full restoration of pub- 
lic credit, the settlement by arbitration of a just cause 
of war against one of the mightiest nations of earth ; 
the impetus given to every form of industry, and the 
nation's unrivaled prosperity, all these stupenduous 
results, the most collossal and resplendent in history, 
were wrought out within the twenty years already in- 
dicated, while Gen. Grant's share in all this was too 
great and important to be enumerated in detail to- 
day. It belongs to the province of imperial history, 
and Gen. Grant's place therein will be fully set forth 
when some future historian shall arise possessing the 
analytical powers of a Macaulay, and the splendid 
descriptive abilities of a Gibbon. 

During the war, and while Gen. Grant was presi- 
dent, he was assailed by denunciations on every hand; 
he was called a drunkard, a butcher, accused of nepo- 
tism and Caesarism, and of unlawfully filching for him- 
self and friends the nation's money. Bui the people, 
like Abraham Lincoln, never lost faith in the general, 
the man, or the president. To-day the sound of those 
old warfares is hushed, the hand of his military and 
political adversaries against him no longer wield 
sword or pen, they and their works are or soon will 
be dust, but he who loved justice and generosity, 
honor and humanity, more than aught else, his seat 
is now in that great cathedral whose far echoing isles 
are the ages. 

To-day, this great nation, without a dissenting voice, 
pays its tribute of glory to the dead hero, the humane 
general, and the wise and just president. They pay 
him highest honors for his indomitable courage, his 


unimpeachable honesty, his Spartan simpHcity, his 
frankness, kindness, moderation, and magnanimity, 
his fidelity to his friends, his generosity and human- 
ity to his enemies, and the purity of his private life, 
while the patriotism of his public principles will never 
cease to be cherished in the grateful remembrance ol 
all just men and all true hearted Americans. 

As a soldier and a general his fame is associated 
with some of the proudest and most thrilling scenes 
in the history of this or any other land. It may truly 
be said of Gen. Grant that no curse of Hannibal was 
ever his; like Hannibal, he knew how^ to conquer, but 
unlike the Carthaginian hero, he knew well how to 
reap the full fruition of the great rewards of victory. 
And it may be further and justly said of Gen. Grant, 
that he conquered every enemy he met save only that 
last enemy, to which all must in turn surrender. 

Turning aside one moment from the legitimate 
course of our argument, we might contrast the honors 
paid Gen. Grant to-day with those rendered in other 
days to some of the world's great captains. 

With that of Alexander, commencing as it did in 
the gorgeous capital of the Lydian Empire, attended 
with all the pomp and pageantry of ancient war, and 
continuing for a period of full two years, until at 
length the victor of Gr aniens and Arbela was lain to 
rest in the soil of his native Greece. 

Or with that of the mighty Caesar, who fell in the 
senate chamber from the stab of Brutus and his band 
of conspirators, his body lying in state in a gilded 
funeral car placed on the field of Mars, and beneath 
the shadow of that graceful temple of yellow marble 
erected to the sanguinary and destructive god. How 


around all that was mortal of the conqueror of Gaul 
and Briton surged and raved the angry populace of 
Rome, some demanding cremation for the body and 
some the rites of sepulchre, until at length two of his in- 
dignant soldiers with flaming torches rushed through 
the angered crowd and fired the funeral car, and as the 
flames mounted upward the soldiers of his veteran 
cohorts piled upon it their rich armor, the standards 
and golden eagles which he had so often led to vic- 
tory, and the rich spoils of vanquished nations, until 
Cccsar's body and the insignia of barbaric war were 
consumed, and with them some of the fairest temples 
and structures of the Eternal City. 

Or with the obsequies paid to the first and only 
great Napoleon, When his remains were brought 
back from his isle of banishment all France became a 
military camp. Her martial spirit rose high while 
her military demonstrations were the grandest and * 
most imposing that Europe had beheld for more than 
a thousand years. All the civic and military majesty 
and pomp a great and impulsive people could produce 
was lavished without stint on the funeral rites of the 
conqueror of Marengo and Austerlitz, and at length 
they entombed him with imposing ceremonies be- 
neath the lofty dome of the Church of the Invalides. 

Or with those later memorial services of the Iron 
Duke, a warrior who had triumphed on the Penin- 
sula, and acquired highest fame on that great and ter- 
rible day of Waterloo, and who on that red field had 
covered himself with a glory, second only to the great 
captain whom he overthrew. While the splendid cat- 
afalque that bore his remains was attended by a train 
composed of all that was most renowned and illustrious 


in England, to his last resting place in Westminster 
Abbey, there to repose amid an innumerable company 
of dead, whose names and fame fills the wide circuit 
of the globe. 

The funeral obsequies we have indicated were paid 
by the nations to military prowess, and the might of 
conquering armies. Ours to-day is paid to one whose 
military genius was as great as any of those whose 
history we have recalled; when to this is added Gen. 
Grant's fame as a statesman, and his great generosity 
and humanity as a warrior, his name and fame tower 
far above that of any other hero of ancient or modern 

Not only are the free millions of our one land 
mourners at his tomb to-day, but the millions of 
Europe mingle their tribute with ours. 

France decrees him proudest honors. And that isle 
across the sea, upon whose wide domains the " sun 
never sets," antedating us by four days, gives him al- 
most regal honors beneath the lofty fane of that gor- 
geous temple founded by Edward the Confessor. And 
the renowned Canon Farrar, representing the highest 
scholarship of Europe and the world, comes down from 
the ancient towers and historic cloisters of his mighty 
Bodleian, to pay, beneath the shadow of sculptured 
tomb and marble mausoleum over what is greatest 
and grandest in Saxon history for the past thousand 
years, his eloquent tribute to the citizen-soldier, the 
dead hero of a new world and a new era. 

And to-day the grand army of the republic, whose 
great commander he was, as they lay his mortal body 
away in Riverside Park, can exclaim in the language 
of the poet : 


" On fame's eternal camping ground 

His silent tent is spread ; 
While glory guards with solemn sound 

The bivouac of the dead." 



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