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Full text of "Great men and famous women : a series of pen and pencil sketches of the lives of more than 200 of the most prominent personages in history Volume 8"

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AND FAMOUS Women 



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TnE-LIVE5'OF-nOPE TMAff -200 
0F-TnE'/^05T'PI?0AinEMT' PEU: 

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\ VOL. VI 11. 



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CONTENTS OF VOLUMK VIIL 



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UlCirAKI- A^GKI^J^ p ^ '., 

tA>^^tr iniRKirAAi^r, . . : r . n X d -^ 

h<JJlA hlJSll£UKp . r - n - n - - - r , 

|:|iWtM LiOmHp 4 t - >t i ' V * -^ » ^ 

l^(lXklH^T^E iXfliii-tA^ 

/^fii'r' /rtff*f Afiif f /Jiiwmtf /.^ *r ^jiw^ _/ j-jj'rf^ OW 

|,|14VI.FIT4 U,\ "^I^L^I F .* *. + 

DU^H'AVI^ tHhh^, . ^ h - H hi r .* n - 

AI.RFK1 li^KKAp ^ , „ + p , 

Enw-lK ^H>ttRtJX, _* ^_ _^ * .* ■ ; -: :; . . ^ 

IP^^IJJ tllKftLCK. , ,t H +_ * ^^ - - k - 

4^AK(%U^-, - ' . . .) 4 .4 -_- _-q ' b . . 

IIA»Ili:i^ . . m ■. i' t 'if m 't i' '4 *> >* 



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yj4rffi>A' f>W*fc 

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;i\y;y/-o'Arjgrf; 

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^a^HK LI^T^ ... * 
VFISUKJFAt .... 

HI ]^rr]ra{^M Sp . . r 

JEAK rhAN^iOlft MILUT^ 

HO^FtTp i ,i *' * * 

,^h^::Ll^A FArr^^ **-'*+ .^ - 

h'KLtMA^ * ^ m * m' w M f v f - - 

KA^ HIM, 

ItAMJIAkLlH p , « « , 

4|th jihitiv.^ tt^>r^ii.u% . . . t, t ^^ ^ 
WWt^ ^«^*.*-^.»^«^ 

TIIChHWAI.Ih^bV^ ^ H - + F 

JITIArf -FFI»«H 

KicnAhii W^hLMlU 

VyjAHIce U^kiiT ^ . . . . 



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LTST or ILLISTRATEOXS 



\'OLUME Vlii. 



hLl.i^TII-%^l(K< A*flhT rMiE 

^LMitT n^farft viflr^ HAS^ SACU^. . ■> *^ + .- ■ - J^ifA^nt Gf^F ij* 

L■i^S«<1t«rE^^fc*. AT KKUUIUECPT^^ HmLnKnt rfi/ji^i---JjV_i'rTJTj'n- J^JW/ P-H 

^RA!ti LBiET, _ . [ - L . - - ^Vfr/z^-Zi^/H^j^^-^nr^ff i^r^^frf JjA 

i^^NtB a:V]Mp» r.jciiLV4>Hv. . - ^ * iVi/M/ff /^^t^f^fi a^* 

FAhTCffEF. 3> r-Pft irt:jH H^ {lERUf THA^KL^^ . , . - * /-^^^ /rft^?^ G^rSfrrf gift 

Jilt JCtrtttSOK Afi VJ« XilMKX r r , r ^'Wi'^if a?* 



LtU T[h AT HAriLA^.L'-i mER^ * ^ , p-^ + ^^-^t /^'P -l^rV^ft i*4 

A kP-TIl AT TICE llttLTfiE ^Jl" TltlANj . , . , , , -^ - f . /^rdf^J t» 

ALttr.kT IpDhVK'* "itELllJCtfJij . ..,-,.".--- //. ifiw^iTJlf^J^J^ *i* 

HDCAH-T]! BJ^^tt»iS^L. TJl>: HWIIWXV OT L^UFF-NlJ(»I^U[ifi>l, . ^ ^ , t * ^ f - - - - *44 

uti^^ frrtiHlrVK ♦ - T t ♦ A- /J^^/-- "^S 

OAKHKK A4 HLCHABDl^,, + * ^ ♦ *-p ♦ * ^ - - |#Wwrrw «.ir4,^Ai J4fi 
V<^ VIII 4^4 V4tlU. ^^ 



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FllllJlAB ™3 



PA1XTEU3 AKD SCULPTORS 



^.^MhTAs. one of iNt? jiTcnttst :^Lul]Ntors the wofkl hos sten^ nnJ who^ 
.- I lire h^S ln:t:ociiv, cis it wcav. ikti si'nrjnym L]f his if[^ wns Ipohi at 
'^ ,\tti£:ns iiUout jC» ixc. lit: (jclanj^J to :l LmWy <if artists, »ont of 
^It^^^^^V ^^ll'J3ll inJ^^tl WL^fe dislmEn"sht:U irt i^^ir ]»mfi.'ssit>Lip 1ml their varittl 
tOi'^*Ai^* u.ui:u|nil]*jhin iurnishe^l rlii^ jiLnu-splii-TL' in wlijth iuth u ul^tii a-, llut 
t*f iMiiJink^ t^mUlbcjA ^L^ fobtcuJ iiiil brcjiijrUt lo mHtHjrify. Mti fqlhcr wew Char- 
midcfi, whtj is Li:li^:\vLi to li^ivi: lK.T:n hHi urnSBn iK^i^^^ti^ lluj tix^ok^ in thtir in- 
^cripEuns dhJ not iussuclMt.^ liic- n.un^^ c^f tht []ii1h.t ^vicli tliiiT nf ihr -^mh lank^ 
bcjlh irefuofthv SJinL- L-,hlliiig, A ^rulliLf of l^liiJu^ l^acio^itL.^ w:Li .l |j.Liiitcr, 
a]]LL i^ m^r^1tltJltLiJ -»iioih;||ili^ inlisc^H l^^■enly or niot't: in Liutisbt^r, who ili CMnjitcii^ 
lioLi ivhh l^oly^iiuuis, out: of the chitf iP^iinUT^ of liii^ ilaVp were t]ini|t>3cj m [ht= 
diicmautPii oi ilii: PceciL 01 l^im-^il PortLL:o^ one of iHl^ mEiny liL-iuiiful Imiltl- 
in^-^ i^r4:int:Ll hv Chnrm, TKl^ PiKcil^f xvm*; ^ini|>ty n lon-^ plaiforiiip with u loof 
Sitjj|5ort^d bv lI ro^v of ttjiutntks 011 ont- -ntcit: ;inJ If/ a wall on the oilacr It Wns 
eailtcl '^ilic i^^LOEc^d" hLje-Jii^c llic w.]ll M [III hiick was co^Vted wltfk ei *krf3ts of 
Utj^ hi^tut\i^i\ jiictuus ti:iiit-iiLi]iiy m^iny licuT^f^. ^"J fccordin^^ Komt^ uf llit chief 
ei-uULs of ihu Li]nL-, [OLrether wiili oilitn* relating: lo an tajlier and nii^re ihiilo^iy 
epych. The: ^uhji^ct ot llic iminlin^^ L\t:cuLL-d, at lija^i in ]f,iTf, iij rht- bruihtT of 
I'hldirts, was lilt liarrlc of M-inichoci, in h^liicJi ;rTv;it cvcni it i^ Maont^hL Ite mny 
liLiiiself have tnktn i^att^ 

Tiie iMjyhortd €?f Pfii^llas Ml in a (imc of motional rcviv^i^ when umlcr li^c 
JnllLjeLKi^ of an utinohling |]t^ljlii^:ll tr-^ciitnujil, all the nirtz, ivltc (luatktncil lu d 
frn^sh, oripinak and ^ijUnrlut growth. The n^nCLi^t Iwiwctfl the (Jj-t^tks und Per- 
SJEin^ xhiitcis lijd bt^U]i wiili thu Ionian rvoU, w,iii In lull iit:livity al the fimt of 
his Inj'Lh. He was tt[i ycir^ cild uht^n th<? hiilL^ of MaL-ith^an wjh (uuirhi, a]nJ 
whvn hf ^iMs rwtntyr four ol iKc tnoit striking cvtMils in flie hl^lur^ oi Giecct; 
WtiPt^ t:rowJud into a sinjjle year; ihc ijatik- uE Tliu]nio|jylK, tlit^ vicioiy nt 
Sal■mm^ and the twin ^loriL-^ of Plat^tn and Mycale. lliiiejTly yo^Jih, iKi^relorCp 
wjs noiirislicd by tht^ itisplrinp inlkencc? llial come {rota the vlcti^rions Mniptik 
of a ijeojfcle to niiintsiin ihdr natian^L lift-- tit: wlis by no nieHHn> the unly 
sculptor ol his limc xvhoin f^tne renicmhers, but hc aliinc, Tejtetii^ trivial 
thcnii.'^, cou?ecraied hts taltnt to the nohler sLibjtML^ <fi bis tountrj^'s religious 



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331 AllTLlSTS AN^D All THOFf S 

Vih imil llii! U\cii\ *.^iicr;pEior^ cif Iut pi>HtLCLinij yock Xt? cloubt. I^hldia^, like all 

ivhis wn: hwu whli tlif itrii^iit^ irtii|5Lr,inifin, \m\iU In: iii[^>i-cstccl ffoni cliihlhond 

JiL cht pcy^giVii^ c^J" jlii- -|i1(-il(1k! irf»rks \v\iU wJtctrlt v^iht'iii^ um^ <;nrjtf>ing hcrsL^lE 

innkT tlit^ rtili- (if t-'iiucjii. tim h\^ inrtT^^f miisL ha^>! Iiccn grt^tly incr^'a^tMl W 

t-Ilu J".Li^i iluhi liii^ lirnihhri l^^ii^uiios w;is ^hji!\^-K" *:nj]7jjFRN| ill iln: ck^ot.iLii^n ^^f one 

of ElicwHj lnjilclines. It wuuM hn n,iiiit^l rhal Lc ^h4>Ei]4r itf tnlct^Ji ciMwii cu iJi^ 

ptj?-*! ^vlmrc liiiH Ihrc^lliiT WLis ,11 work, ^iid ili.it the siylu of m* niajiy wrti^ts, most 

or^liL-m vtjtjtij; riifii, IiIIlcI \\hi\ tlii: |ji?iarmLL:± :Lhlor oE yuuth, nnd iaisplrcJ W the 

rtiicurc t>f tfkdr Mftk, sfkuuM li4it'o -^imH in him ,hi .LEi=^WL-a-in}r tTtthirsiism- It 

givt^ u^^ J tliTill ol pin apure fO rcjil fii [lir li^M ejI (hi^sc yoiitlis Mm- miniir tjf the 

gTC;it tr^ic p»L^, Eurl^jidti^ ^v3io lirv^n life a^ .l ikihiLiT, nnJ in whose jjlav^ wi 

liii.l iikur4: i<ijn tint: n-iorruuLt^ ru chu jft, ][ ijammr Iw ^htjugl^f tinrv^ts^^nEibk- [o 

suf^jn^Ht: thit t^^o suth i]iti:]Li|;ci]ccs :is iIilsi! inu^t have h.^d mi liirdctioii for oin; 

um^Lhc^t, .mj iliHit,,isin Lliu l-;l*u: ijj IJantt anJ (Tatitiu, ilu^ i^rt^tl |HJt:l. and the ijft^it 

;tnH\ ^ivniJd lie dm^i'cj togtthtir hy :i llkc:nos in iht^ii- l^Kliz und shimj:, 

PhlilJa^ studic:d liis -irt tir^t ;ht Atlii^ns iiiiii a n.itivc icijt|>tnr, T!cy;isi5, uf 

whf>iii Wi^ kiiuw iicitliina t^\t:t^Jl Trfim iKnoti^ L:c!4.t, Jh: w^m to Ar^fo^, :ind rhtn; 

pui hifiiMjlf uiiJir Uic initriKtioti o( A^^Ffldnks =i worker chictly in Inxmae. miJ 

VcTV faitirHisan lii^ timr, o1 wlu^m, ho^itver, ncjtKin;^ reniaiii^ hut the nUinojv af 

a f^^^^^ of Iti^ fiiurt iiMtjljlc wcjrk^ Tor uj^ lii^ own w<^Fks foii^oltoii, ht r(.sn:tmf> 

in liLiiiLira^tJi*; n^.ulu-rof xVhroii, of PoldclitSn and fjj" Haufli^ (In rhicc: chk-^ 

st:LLl]Htoftof thi^ nL-,\( grnurjLtiuii lo h^ cmi. On kiivinc lln-^ wuik.hlHjpt^j Ayda^ 

djS 1*111(11^1% L-xtttneiJ ^vx^rjl srAttie^ tlinit brou-rlu him i^ropiimiitlr bifore ihc 

pubhc lar ^J^|^3^^i, ht: [n^iLk-n^ioMi? nrihirlcc]] I5u;uils in hrt^V(>, toc^l^^lmtc 

the Latllt^ kiJ" M.irnlmn .nnl JijHiClKdM/L- ihn Hltcjc^ nf Altiu. Ici Ihk frrotij^ 

MiltljilL-i ^vjij. |jl^K\-d 111 iliu txiLiJe, liLiwucn Athen:i, iIk Us(thrv |,^cldc±i=^ ^t 

Atht-ai^. autl A|n>llij, Mar giurdiuu tsf [>i^1|Jhi ; whUo <jii i-ich sftJe -A^en: fivo Atln^ 

niiih hrrrit^ Jhi-^rUN and LViJtiL^ ivirh cnhrrs nai^ii^ged in n KTiiicirclc. 1 fns j]ij- 

rHNfi.iiu mprk w:t4 paid for hy A^^1l.n^^nLl nE hfi sli=kre in the j^pcaik ^f Muf.itlmn. 

An.ftf»T tiiij]OL-(,im i.r^][imi^;LHHL>^.;tutrJl>y MJulH^ii^ ^vasa^rJtLtL* of Athnin r^i^de 

forJicrUmfjIejH P\M.\K\, ami patrl for wUh iht eiyfiiy t^hnts raiwJ hy Ihe L:(>n- 

trilmtitin^of tiKoLhtTtJrcuan siiit«;jjta rc^^rl Eor tlii^ -^tjlctidid pci vict^ of iht* 

PlirtELVins hH M.u^iihon, ^^htrc (hov |hliiv(^ someYvkai thc> sinin.^ |>nrt lis the Pnis- 

aanii nl jftc Itnuh .^E WjtLTlrj^i. 1 Jie h^Md, fMnds. jnicF f,vt vi this ^(njui xvt.rt rtf 

mirll-j. lut the (inpt-ry wi*s of nold ; s* air-ni^^J, |>rol>,il>tv, llh in die cvise of iht 

eivii =^Mtue of AilLUJia cl--flt"»^ '=iter bv Phidms for i>te Pirthtnun aj; tta 1m: tc- 

mor.iML^ /ri»n thr m=>rUlt e^jn^ at pft^^.q^cx. I'Jiidiws ni^dc ^ m.inv st.iEuts L^f ilic 

vir^n Hochless AiIhimi. tli-it U]<\ name Ijcoimr assoviaud xviili lier% as m a l^tttr 

dayihjt^jf Krt|jUatl w:i^ ^ihli the Vfiyin Miirv. In liie fini ptrmd of lu^ j^nis- 

li^ circvr, moied ptrhap* hy hi^ p=iuknfc jvRititude for her jrtunc nti^n fti J>is 

halffJrlll^Tla1lV1■i[.nt^ In- ],itJ ivpresrntt^d ihc: Hoddes^jc as a warlike Jivinity. as 

here M l^kiJit.i : hm ni Ins brer e^jm^i^Liun^, a^ in jl M.i[ue m:itle for the Aihc-iii^ms 

of LeninftiH Afhena :i|]]i<^r<d tnve£ieci with milder attrlbicu^ juJ witbaffratt/ul 
atid wiimiiij;^ typt.^ i>f ht'autv. . v. . -^ ^ + 




I^HIDIAS SOB 

]j] chclr in\^sion of Attica t!ic i^cn>iiiTi'T h^ii dc^troy^c! the chy oi Athc^tis. and 
ihc |]CtJ]^lc. wild ll-itl 5li^tL Cu LiLl ^u.irlcE^ c^f ihc Jiuililiiulj to fiCCrk icfuyc fruni [Le 
cnc^my, rLluMi^jd jtfKfr t1i4j vtcton' [it Salimis Jtid [hu iH^ht L>t the Pcr^ianSp ti> 
liLid llicir lioincjiis lii:jp oi rvir^Sr TJ]C d^cllinir-fioLiicis of iliu GrLi^<i:3 we^: tii'L^ty- 
^vhtiCp cviin in ll]*^ij' tjrj^i^tt tiiiLigj Luilt tif icit.Mii in-^t^rij!^: w.iJIs o( mtlilile o^'err* 
l.iiJ \vlili MUi:co -iiiJ gjy]y [j.iintcd. (l w.ks tiot lyrig, tlicrcforc, buforc .Uiicns 
resuniod snmcLtliJng of \wr olJ npj^c^iriTict^ with ^^itch ijnjjroi'Lziticnt:^ 9s a^^^i^^'S fol- 
low the Tclmiltlirt;!i>f atity* TU<^ lauj-it iiii|jt>ruuit thiici^iL caTectccI \\"js ili;it brought 
alK^ut bi] tkiu i-li.Lr.KLc^r of the j^ii-iiL |>].ilc.iu^ ibc f^irliEEL-^L rnx:]; of the Acj~o|>ol]s, 
]-li^rL\ u^ ill niiMiy Gfcck c\x\^^ tUu ti.-in|hU'5 df the ^olIll lijcj ht^^^n ca^Licd, .tiid 
ntiont [hon^. fts ;^hf>uc ihc t^itlicifn^li of iKc MitliJln; A^v^, ilttLc: IbdiL grflxvn u|> a 
s^Tjrin of lum^ii Ji^J olht^f bLiililiui^s buiU h)" yLiiur.ilions of people wJio stmgbL 
thrrc' at once the prelection of tht; 'itQck.nlu hUiL-b vEicb^^cd lli^j LilmosL iiiiic^t-^ 
siLjIe bitr, JincI ilni :^r:ll fcarfhcr ^ifcjiiiard of ibe pjj_XLn<jt: of ilie tll^'i^ltic^ in ilmt 
[timjNlc-i. Thu iLl'hiiLlliiii^ li.iiiJ t>f (lie l*cnnvii iiu'.idi;!.'^ iiad iwcpt this plntroriu 
cle^ir of ill tliL'sc muki^liud iiiLucialr^nce^^ ^itd hi ikit: relmilchni; of t1it city iL 
Wa?^ tlrturminecl to rt-^crvc tliL" AcTcjjHiii^ Eor iiiiTitjry ^rnl rt^li^lou:^ ii-ies uKhK^ 

I'h*; work of Jnii^rovcant^iit wa^ Ikt^uh bj Cirnnci, who^ hoivcvcfp toistbiird kiis 
attention ebiuHy to the lov^cr city tint cliL-^tej^^d abouv tjic bo^t; i4 Hie Aciopc^ia. 
Here, among t>ih^r ^trrteLitnrfi, he biailt the temple of ThcS4^u^ dnd ti^e i^iintu^l 
l\irtici5H witl bD rtlso ciViJtCL!, ti^-ar The i^nnmlt of the AciopoliSn tjn the weiiera 
sidCfc the littljj gn^ni-like temple of the ^Vtngle-s Viclor;\ Nike y\|iteros, iti eom- 
mcmoncion oE ibe success of the Athenian arms iit tlie h.tttk E^f tl^e HmymecLon. 
U ^'^ from CimtiJi tli.u I'Ludin^ rLieti^ed hi^ fir^t comniiiftioii for work upon Uic 
Aeropolis, when; latLjr he S.VM to i>iJt]d sndi\ n Ij^ttinR inOnuni<=nt to his omi fame 
miJ to [lie J^^ifle of his native J,tnc(. The commi^^sion gWuM him hy Cimon was 
to ereti a broii?^- statue &E Aibi^nn ^n-IiIuIi u-hh to stiiid on i]it tiiailt^lt ^n dice a 
^mbol of ciie |>oxTi:r of Atlions and n ttiliule to the protecting goiJdcs^ of the 
caty. The w^ork u|]tm the staiiic WhIs probably bLj^un ntider Ctmon, t?ut accord- 
ing: icf Oltfrkd Mcfclkf it wn^ Jint Ciailipkttd at the deatli of Pftidia.-^ ![ sitiod 
in the o|Kn :\ir, urnJ nc.irly opposit^^ [he Colonin^cle at the entrance of the i^rc^i 
Higlit of anirble ileii-i thsit led from the plain to the somniit of Hit Acropolis^ and 
was the llrst object to tnLMt the eye on piiisstng tbron^b the i^-^ite^vay. It rt^j^re- 
setite^l the coddess. armtid, nm! In ^ wnrltte riuitude, from M"]iii:h it durivL-J ii^ 
naniup AatLin.i Pronisdios : Athena, the lea<lL:r of the hyitle, ^Vjth its pcdtstsil 
it stood about sei"en[y f^^t liighn to^venng above the toof of the l^hrtlhenon, tlio 
gilded ]Joint oE the hrai^en ^^jr Ik-Il] hy iht goddess (lathing back thu s;un to the 
sliii^s ai in oppronchin^r Ailiui^ tfiey joLindtjd the promontory of SLMifum. Wt 
ri-ad thnit the statue u\is still stsinding so btc as 595 ,ni-, :irid If i^ iticd ihut its 
tOiverirt^ ht-ight and threatening a.s|iect cmscd 1 panic terror in Al.mc ami lus 
horde of Ixirbari^n^ wiiLin they climbed tlnj Acrppolti to plundei its temple of 
its treiisurr. 

liut it was under the rulo of Pericles that Phfdixs wiis to fLrid at Athene hB 
riche-y: cinplovaiient. Pericles had determined, probalily by the advice of Phid^ 



m . irf-i-- 



MB AKTiSrS AMD ^UrilOK3_ 

itiSn to m.ike Mii; Acropolis ih*: lit-jil a^J utntiv of the ntiw and splencli<E cHy that 

M'as to Jii"ise un^kr Itls itdntiiiivtration. Tlic ^^^^t pfii-"^t tinJt:rtikiii^ \vits lliu Lutld^ 
injjofa rumpltrCo AtJjetu P.^rtK^uoj^ ALii(?rtJ Lbe V^iryiiii .fc dtsiyn bclicv^il ro fnvc 
Ire^n sug^c^tcd lo Pmclcn by I^LiidLi.s. Tftii iiirins vi.\-ru intnJ^ictE lo kiiuu^, mi 
A[liunbn, oin: uf clic ImisL ^rchitcct^ of the d'Ay] l^uL ihc i;i;hi:ral uontsol :tiiJ 

supL^riiitcnJtritn; of rlai; ^i^rt w^rc giveti to Phiinoi As lln: bujlciifi;: rose to 
coLiipitrcioiin \^oik[ni."n in ;^ll boiifcchiis gl ilic m\s iLockcJ to AlKi;3i^ Erom cvL-ry 
part of Gri;tt>: niiil w^crc g]v*;n full Lirnplojmtmt by PliltiUs In [fit tlijcoritlon ind 

fun^f'J^En^ ul il]o icmplr- - - . . 

Tficuwt^of l^lil'IusioiurolltrJ ilw whole schcinj: of ctLVoniiion npi^lTcd lo (lie 
buEUiM^, tislo wluch color cntcrcJ^ uu doubt, to^i iiiHcft ummcl^j- u.\tciiL tLij] \v;i3 
form^^rlv li^lkvc*! Evud after tlmu ;ind tlic dcalnictivc: lnnJ of ittiad have Joiic 
ihuiru'Or?t,tlicrc still remain sullicicnt trttcs of cabr lo prove that iljc i^ulpturCh 
and t!ic N^Jioh? itppcrr p-irf of iJn: le^fl|i^c, wcr*." pniiiLizJ in briglu but hjirmonious 
Cf^larH, a[id rhjt niolLiL ofiumtiiiL^ jmd accc^'^^orkin ^idCuiiU^k Hi^ ^vhoLi: sdiumc 
wltli i^litiQ^rlng iKjiuts of liRht R-ilcctcd frotn Chtlr sliinlnt,^ sut-J"ih:i:£ 

Tl]c ,hCL*l]>tiirc!5 wUii vrWi^ih |hL^ Piirthtnon ^^^as nilomcd by I'litilin^s, :ind whkll 
Were? ("SL-cuted U[lJ^;rhill immt^Ui.iL-: sLLinrriiKcuilcnct, i:oLi'ilj;ci2d o( iwr^jjiv.ii gronjs 
that fkllcd the ca^tcni and ^vu-^Fr-in pc^Einhi-nL^ ; of f;mup4 oj iwo U^tvx'^ nj^ch an 
Ihe nii^uT-y-tth^o mcEO|H-^ or j^^nels nJjove tlicr oiiit^r row of colmmii^: undn finally^ 
the famous fricKi: that tan Complvltly round lUi: tt-iuplc: itju:lf. Just huhw ilic 
c^iFini; nf [hv colonnndi^, and .it A fiLi^hc of about [hiFly-Ji]j>c feet from the Door 

The -KulhJLtt o{ tbe group ihit fiflt-d ihu n.i^'stcm pcdiinE:nt, the onti riljo^'o tht 
eiitfancc door of the templi:, '.'. i^ iln; birth of jUhchni jUht Knu" rlic t^vcnt was 
iTprcKftEt'd ^rc do not tnoiv Ijcuau^ quitt: half (he S""0"I>- "i^litdin;^ the priiici- 
pal li^rfi^. di^p|h:iired V4!ry early in our ura. and no d^^eri|»tio[^ of diom rj:mait>3 
in Dny ^ntiunt cir nionkrn ^vrJtcr, The group in thf u-estorn pudiintnr r*:pr& 
stnloiL li^e contt-^t t?(!twecu Atib4:na mad Po::Vtdon for tliii dominion ov'cr AtticA, 
Acwrdliig 10 llae Ir-Hendn lllc Strife Jjulivetrn tlic two divcnnk^ tnok |Ji:n;cin :lii 
j^cmMy of tht; ^oiJs oi^ rEhe Acropolis, who i^'^vc lo dojermine h^Jiich of the [^i^ 
contt^ianl^ ^liOtdU lie Ihe protJj*:ror of the uity. To prflvi: hi3 po^verp PowIhUjii 
struck tile tod; wftli hj-^ [ruLi^nt, qnd :i ^lU si-'dns k\ty\2d lords, si-i Ef iln: si^a iis^^li 
J].id ob^Tj^d the c]ll of }tif |or<L Akl^i^n^ ii^tucL; rho j?roLtiidf i^iid :tn otivc'trcje 
Spring lap, the tirtblcnl of pta« nnd of the victories of con^niercCp and the nis- 
sembly nwirdcd t^n1 pri]«r lo hur. Tl]<; goddi^is li:tvinj; iliit^ received Ehc foi'tif* 
el^Pty of Acht-^n-^j tc w^is it^n natnmi that a d.^y thould be Mt apart lor her t^pe- 
cial honor, and d reslk-ii! In-^timc^d to L.-oFrirn4;n3omtc ilic great cvtnl. Tlik ^vj5 
(h& Rfcatur I'artatlunnia, or Atl Atliunl^ius D.^/, wEndi ^^iiaj e4.']c]]r:ifed eVL-ry 
fourtli yeiM in iioau^r of Ihe pOildc-K, nrtd wiiLuhi ns its n-ime implies w^u taken 
pan in by nil the people of the c[typ II occurred in the i-.^riy summcT and Ij^tcd 
five dayi Orj tlie llfth dny, ic closed wit]] -i [KOce^ioi^ wfkich went llirougli nil 
Ihe clikf street! of the city and ^vouud iis ii'iiy up tin; Great SEaini"ay lo rlit 
Aeropolii bwriaip Tini ^/f{?'i or embroidered robe wo^'en hy yottng varpin Trtdics 
of Athene eho^:n fronuhe hifltf^^L l^milie^^ OQd known for their skill in this 




J 



PHiniAS 2i>T 

tlndof \\^orl:. After the /rj*/flj liad U^enc^iTiiitcriiitil m iln? ictliplir It ^"Hi pliiizol 
ivuh due ^olviniiiijti U[iun I3i*^ Jiit:ii.-i]c .inri vcntrjl^lor figiwtr nf lliu yodfle^, laudc 

ihU5 c<;k!>rji4:i lIlc P-jnuiln^n-iic pro^t^lon, the friiz/t is oriizn cnllcd die l\tn.> 

U E3 CLiiTcd frutn Pcnti'lin: inarlilc, nf ^^^hicli mntoriHil clu: nurhln 1>tiil[lin^ Is 
CtiltMttli^U'd. ItS&rigLnill Icnillhi njiininy ;i*f it cilii nnsurtd tin: ('ntirt btiiliimgn Vl\i^ 
5^^h8o f*.^^l, of wtiii-li alK^ut 4JO ftH^t remain. Of llsri |W]Tian, 149 fi^cc art; in ilic 
Untisli ^iu*lC^l]n iti sbbi iind fr^^rjncru^: r tfkc ri^iisiniltT i^ Liuclly in llic l.ouvrc. 
wiCu pCh■L[u■f^2^1 frigiTn^iii^ in oiIht pl-tt^t^ As ^t i,"OnneotL^d ^^eIjjl-ch thi^ wan thj: 
mo£t extiinsl^'-: ]>kt;t; cif sctilpiurc ci-uc ini^de Ui T^rctcc. Frc^in all tljEit t-^n lie 
natlit-T^^l fiom tilt: sfady of tlic fragnKnt? ihs\l u^mjiiitjhc design of tlac f][e/_c 
\v:i*i of ihf Ljtmo^t sLinplidty nnci t"h.l^^ct^;^f.i^■1l ^y tht: tinitui ^h[ ptrftxc f^^tc iind 
clujr pur|)Oit: LhaL ifl^riis :fcll the- ^h"ock of the t^^^-Lt 5i-iil|jtor. The suhj*.Tt licujns 
iii tilt fric/c ^it tht Xh'csfet"]! oiiJ of the tcmplt-^ ivhcre ^fc w^ittlt iln; i^^ft-nl^>li11|^ 
of tht procus^itisi^ It thL-ti procL^tl^ tiloiig thf northiird stml sr^iul^L^m ^fidt'S of 
Ehe huildEn^, m wliJt wc nrc to sypp'^"^ ^^"^ conlinuous Il»*:, mculci-i irtWDtd the 
Ca-il^ stnci; ^[l the fjices ace Luci^eJ [li,it w.iy ; :Lti-l .it the i/.istciii end, tlicei.lly 
oicr the m^in crtitJirttt: to tlie IjuJIding; ihc t^vo pnirt-i of tlit pmcj.s-^ion meet, 
111 rlii: |>rcst:nt:*! of tht magistrates htiJ of the dlviflitii^s who hnd pldCt^s of wop, 
sliip ii] Athen"^ 

Of the goct.^ [lie skill in GriMiigemtnr, the VniHety of invrjntion, the h.ip]iy 
union of movement atilI rc^ioHe sho^vn in this work, m^t ^^nlv jiitf^tji— mtn 
bc^ litteil to JLitl^^ T|>; lUL^iil:^ from 1 tci^KiHLaL jiotnt of vkw^but ihc (luiih 
vatcd ]>oixion of tl]e public, anJ ii large and cvcr-intrrtMting eirek of eiTry-il.]y 
pct>|d(^, h:ive hy conimoai coiT^^nl igreed in j^rai^t-, Ity tlie mnhiplication of 
c.-utH, to Ih,^ foxmfL iioiv fn ^d] c^ur principal mn-^^um:^. wmi fit^ L-n-il>Lcd to ^luUy and 
to enjoy the lon^^ proc^sjion <i\'cn hettcr thnn ii ccjtild h^Lx^e t^t^cn unjoycd iti It; 
uiii^innl plntce, lv^KTc it mu^t hn^^e been seen ^t a grcnit dfeidv:int,igc in spiw of 
ihu still shoivn Lv^'HudijisiFi Lidnpiii^gii to if? si(L^: for, n^ the friL^j^e ^tfM>^l ililr- 
tv^nino teot froan the iToof, and a^ the v^jdili of thi: jKirdioo lt:tW4:t^n t^lL^ wnll nind 
the eolumTiJi was only niu*: ft'ctp it ^i^as setn it a vxn' sliarp Liiiylc, niid ^vinE to 
^itt projection of the roof Ijcycind the will ^f the tcmpte tht frieze rccci^^ed only 
n!lle4:L(^d li^^ht fjom [lie nurhk jKiVE-nient hrlo^^v 

Apart from the marhk- ^ULtl|i(urcs r^n tlie i^xierloT of the Pntlhu^on. thi^ two 
most fjirnoLiif wor^?! of L'hiUi^s were: the siatiii!:^ of ;\.tli4;n^i, made for the inci;- 
rirtr oi the PHl1Thcno^t^ ami of 'A\im< for ihi: temple of the E"d at Olj mpl:t in Eli?; 
llfjiK thrh\: sf atLLr"'!? ivcTc of tlic sort Lvillcd C/in'^i'/i/yAi^/j/i^fr, frona ilie Gr^ek ^Ari^ii^ 
SA^^fi gohk-n^ -ind j-ZcfiJ^t^i^/nfiYi^ of ivory i thnt [^, tfiry ^^^ere ecmslnicled of pbtf^ 
of gftld and ivoTj^ laid upon ^l ctivn of iv->f^d nr tntHinc The T^jb W35 npt nc^v^ 
though its invention wa^ nit one: timo ii:^ri1h.-d to l^iidirks. It ciine from tiie 
Ea^t, httt it \vjis now employt-d (or Hit fcrit tisne in Greece in a s^^Ork of nationjl 
imjK^ri filter. 

In tlic Ath^iLi, the face, m^ek, annts liand?, a^d ftiet were made of i^-ojy^ and the 



/fe? rf. 



1ni]H:ry,iilcl oniSmonts. iht helmet^ thi> sh idd, ond tho sniidals of gold^ ^Mdi as in 
ihc tj>t oi lIil^ it^itm" miitlo for riatn:a, wa^rtmo^fiEilc at jilt:fc-7yr*i^ llat' lit:[^ht ol 
iJic W.kiu*:, int^lutLiJ]^ llii^ iicJtiiinl, w'K rte-irly lorty fi^eL I'lky yioddc.^ attj^Kl ^jrccl, 
cloihcJ ^vtth ii tuTipt: rtJLtkaUb^ Lo tht onkk^H aiitl sho^ving liOrricMy sand^Utd fctL 
SliL^ l1^L^! ihu .i^gLi&n ln^t" IrfL'n^Bp Jici" KtLi*! utus tcNVcri;d ^jtfi ii fiLlniLt^ nnd lii^r^lfci^-^^I. 
rii:l]ly o^iiibusaiJ wiili the U^uk t*i llii: Ajiij^jriSk rtstt^cloii Mac ^rotincl nt licr side 
[fi (jpiti l^iTifC sIk held Li s|jcar, and in llit oilier, nn inijij^ of Vscioij' ^k< fut^t high^ 

A ^tlJ Ltioru ^i^kiiclicl ^vurk, :^cid on^^ u'liluJa rrik-^^J il>c; f^ii]]L^ of Phldtii? lo tE^e 
blghc^t priintr W3S [he sI^iluo of tliL^ (Jlympian Zi.h^h madv for lltu Ekacis. In 
Liu'i st,lt^]L^ l^liitliis iissayeJ lo ttnljody the Uomi^nc jdi:nl of \h^ sujjrtnii: dii'init)' 
of IIk' jtLi^jhh' i>r Grc4;^<= iUttl]3g Oi^ hi^ lliroi^c as A moiiarcLi, ^tid iia 3Si alt kudu of 
in^i|L'sLLi;- iL^jHJ5t% I1ic throiht^ made of ccdar-wMJ^ was covered wllli plnle^ of 
go]\\^ anJ cnriclnrJ Willi ivory, cluing, atiJ prcijit^Li^ zipnc;^ l[ rO'^r^d on si plAt* 
form LW(ilvc' fizcc hiyh. Ttiidi; of to^ly ni-Lrblt :iiitl tJrvnL with the im:i|^ of tiic 
^od^ wlko fari]ii2J tlic council of ]^cns on Olyni^^uss The fcetol Lhe god reivteJon 
a foq[fttoot E^u|>|7orLed by iii^n^Hnisd \i-\il\ the Combat of'ntc^u.'f ^nd [he Ani^:=fonS 
in ^ l^^telicl Oil the from md $idcj=^ In on<^ iL^iid Z^zuf; liL-ld lite sce|>tt'L\ and in 
the: Other h1 wiiigcjl \']cLor>'. LLis !ic,id ivas oro%TLicd \cli.h ^ harcl wrciifli ; liis 
ffljmttL^ fulling frcnn rule iflTtilddcr, Wh iiK> l^re,lf^ ktrc nnd Wi'cr4:t| iKc ^►^Tcr pari 
dT ]iis ]}4:]\on With it?i uni|}lu fold^ of pure ^;;old c^taEimirUczd ;vlLh floxvtiri '['he 
whob ^^L;igl^r of i\:c ^t^Lut: wixh ilnj i>udc^"t^l ^vas alo»L fifij" tt-ct ; by i^i^ x^cry 
d>^prO|H^rt3U[i [<t the ^iil'-i^ of iIlu |4;[n^]]c jt ^^ js inndc tu :t|>fiuar still hryi^r lEitin Jl 
really ^vn^ Thi^ MiiLite wjs rceL:oii4:J omj of the ii^ondi^ri± of the ivorlcL in i[ 
Uic Oit-eks ^L^iised io hchalil Yxu'i (nii^c Lo UiUL. To see it was a curt for all 
eatiliLy ^vh^lSh and lo die wiil^out hnvlni^ s^^et^ u w^*^ f^vkoncfl ;^ gic^t cal:niiity, 

T\\c downfall of L*Lrit:k\ due Lo ihti jL.tloLisits of ]iU riv-tl^^, c.trrLd wlLli ]l the 
rtiin -if PlicJias, Jii^ cT^jfi^ frii^nJ, to hvJiuni he had enlrcistcd sucii jjreat undertak- 
ings. An ind!ctnicu[ ^cj^ Lrou^lit a^^r^.thasi ihr sculplor, E;b:ir^ii^^ liuti wilJi appr^ 
priiatinH tci himself a ponion of the golJ given him for tlic adornini:nt of the 
^Hitueof A[huji.i; and :Li:t::irJltiy lotomtr.iLtihontJL-s PLTicle;; liim^clfwasintlndcd 
sn ilie cli.^rgi;. TKu !p>ld had, howj^ver^ l>oi:n attischcd lo the stflint in such a 
manner tlinil it eouJd Ejl* tjts:^ o(T and w^cigltedn and In the pioof, the cJi^tfgc liad 
to ht! fih^ndoc^ciL. lint Phidins ilid noE (soijieso v^i^Llyh lie w;^^ acctLs^^ of ^ic-^ 
rilu^ in having ilttra^lLtt■4^d |inrtrait^ o[ himsuLf nnd p4]J■ld^=s on the shield of the 
goddess-, whuj-^H ki]'> P!u^.t^ch^ in tin: hjiv?:elief of the Baltic of rhe Ainnl^i^uiH he 
car\'ed hi'i ONva LiMrtrnLl a^ a h^ild oLd nun lifiini; a ^onc ^kh boih h^mdzj. mid 
also introdnccd an excoilknc lit^-^ne-^s of Pcrklen lij^llnfi with an Au>a?.on. 

Phidfus Llitd in primn iK-fore the trl.U cnm-; olT, find his nantc mn^ l^c fiddcd 
ti^ the long list of iho-k: ivhom 4ii ungruuful x^-grid hofi re^ardodEordi^^ir se^kes 
with i^nc^mJny and (Ec.llIi. 




<^iV^^ 



L 



LhOXAklK) DA VINCI 



201> 



t^N'ARDO nA VINCI 



(1 45 3- r5 J 9) 




L' 



Ed.VAJiim iiA Vtnci Stems En present En liia 

(jf tliL- aci^t- \\t ivhud lie ]tvc<t. He was f*r miracle 
rjf lliiM :tpL- uf titit.iclE;^. ArJtnt an<l versatile ;^s 

|>tor4>LiiHL Ll[^(1o^J!^T>^^^ llucaker; Ifkc ■ireiile^l. m^iii- 
enialicinin ]ii]il ai^usi iEiyinluus im-t:]i5iiuc i>f Ills 
time] ardittectp etienitMj uiip^lii4:c!r, iiiii^i<:ii9i, |H»t:^ 
I^Lcntcr — iiT Lia^ Tiyl finly Li^LHUiiLlttl bj die vtiri- 
eiy of hi^ rtatuml j,ifts ant] at:c]uimRl kt^1^^^^1^.Jt'eH 
^1Ut hy till: pi.LiJiiLjl JirctLifhn <.yi hii amfi/mp 
pciwciTK TJnj e.'^tt"n4:[s whieh hnvu been pub- 
li^liuJ irOFii MSS no^^' i^^isrinj;^ m his oxvis li.iiiJ- 
writtng slifRv I1I11L tcj lbi^4^ .int3eE|>nL^ by tlie (r?rce 
of hi^ ^^wl] iiitulLt.^L >Afcne uf tilt ijrKilwl (Jiscovcr- 
Ics m^tlL-^icn:*; his tim^^r "^ These /mgmtnis,'^ safs 
Mr. L-lnlLjin, "u-o. [iCCOrJiujF to our common es^ 
timwc oY the nr!C In wlik^li he IheiLn hkmc likt ittel:iti[>ii^ uf physiccil rrinha 
^'ofldhsaftKL 10 ii siiii;k mind lIi^li Uil- sgpLTslrutruri,^ ipf iti ji^iiMMiIng upcan :iny 
c-htabli^c^ij haiis. The cJi^icovcries which ni^dc G:tli[t'o, fCe|jierH Castt:IJ[f jnd 
rttlier iiiiiiH-^ Ll|Li>>l.rious; the *iVj>t4;in n| Copernicus, the: verv [hc^irics of recent 
ye'>lf^ai^T^, in-^ i^iiL4eL|^iLc-J by L>-i Vitici wjll^i^i cht com|ji3^s nif a ftiv pn^^ti "ns^l 
[^izch.ips [" xhc mtKil jihji,}!^ I.LtiguH)!;ttH or ota [lit: nsom t^neJuiivL' reasuninjj, hut 
flo lw lo siritc u^ u'lth 'lOitttlhiiig Icku L^lc awt uf pri^icrni^iuml k]H>wic<fge. Ii] 
isn j^^ uf ^t muLh J^^nLniT^m he fii-it (act! clnwn t^lc ^:tiiil jicinLifjli; ttf llaotn, 
th.a e\periiiirnt nn^l ubit-rvmlcjii must Irc tlic LiiLitJi.-^ tu iiMt t|ic<nv' in llm iiivesLi- 
guiin^n i>f isaturt:! [f ntny iLcmtjt could Ijlt itni'l^nn-J. laot .1-1 io iht" rii^-ht of Leo- 
pjrrln tbi Vfnci to ^L.and ^^ the firnt ncrnie of Elit rtfLc^H^nili li^jiiufj-, whkU n h<:v<]iui 
nllduuk. Ipul a*>to his oripj^iivilUy iti sum^my ilisc^HcrieaH whidi profi^hh" mMinc 
m-iEi. <^|>eciii!ly m ^v^]\ eireiicn^iances^ \tM L-^'4!r lai^tilt, it cnn^t be bv jit\ frvpyihe- 
^s■^ nni vr-]h- icnti^nabic, ihjt >mnc p^irL^ fjf physical ^ieaitt: Iml ulri-ndy jiisiljii-d a 
Ui'iylu wUicLi nit^t-L^ injiiks ilo luji n-eortl'^ 

I( stetns at lirsl "^i^^l ulnl^^^t Jneunn^ruhunsLbli.- lIum, ihn^^ cndoii^d nf! si phi* 
losophuT, nic^cli.iiiicr, in^^eiuur, ^li■^ave^er, tl>c faiiu- u( Letjjianlo sliould ntN^* rt^t 
an the ^^orh> hi- ha^ left a* a p.iiitLi-r. \\\' cmnor, uldiin thcM li!llils^ atteitiiH 
to t.Tpimn ivhy and ho^v It i\ that av ific mzm nf.'^'Eethec he hzii Jften nnturallh^and 
ncccs^rily Itft behind hv tise u]uv.inl in.n-eh of inH-IUctu^l ]jrogress, while as iht 



^* 



-*! 



aw ARTISTS AND AUTHOR^ 

poct-paintcr ht ^tlll survivu^ a^ n jm-stncc julI si pt^wcr, Wt Jiiim |»roc:cjcd ai 
unc*; lagivos^mc JttMEiiiE ijJliim in tlii^ diaracfcr hi which ht; n^xi^ts 10 u^ sulci 

ffiT ut^ — ihwl of the- ^iv.ii nriisL 

LeoiurJrMVii^ hLHii :it \'inci, nuar l^isfi^ncj:, u; Tltf Lc^wcr V^ni iI'Arnn, nn [lit: 
hf^j-tlc^rj t>f tfpt- t4:j-jitLHry ul PisttM^L Ui^ (juJ^r, ['k-ru il.i Vinci, ^va^ ;in ^iflv^iCatc 
of Fltir^nce — ncjr nch, hut in iti(!t|h:n<tciti ^:in:iinHtHin<:(%Hr:uitl |kj^ii^ss«l fjt csliitus 
in hnilh Thr 5inin*l-i>" tsiictita of hL> inn inducttJ Pkm lu yivf him, fmni an 
carlv 4iKc. Ihti JlJvLLtll,L^^L^ nf tht-^ lM.'b± lniiTLit:lfc>ri A^ u thiU |il' tlE^tincULshi^tl 
himsLilf l>v^ his [iT<irjcLi;4ity in jriilinuiic Ltnd munitniziti'^*!* Music ht ^tudtt^l 
cnrlv. w5H^it:nt*:]is wl[I iis nn nrf. I Jl- IuvmH^J :fc ipt^it^ f^f lyii^ ftii- hiin-sdfH 
Mtl MinL' his (iwn |ick-i^cii1 cum]rt*jL[nii^ to hi^ o^vn thukiCh hmh iy\i'mp frut|U*:ntU' 
uxkin|hioncNHE^ IIlll iiic f.i^Tjilie ijuf^lJi \\'\}^ Oil? ^fl of diisitrn iu ^ill its 
hrant-'lts: he mcNiLJIciil i]i ul-iv m ^nmv, inf nttLftij^Li^J Li:3 iUm- iwiv ui'\j\,xx ^vhich 
stvLick Ills fntncyn Mis r;t|ii*.-r ii:iit hiin tn study msdtr Amirc^ Vnrr^w-vhitj. 
farncni.^ Cis d SLiiiljjrnjf, thjit^r in nwiiii, uiitl |>:Lhs[Lr- Ainirca, who was an wttl- 
JOrtr tind corrttt dtsi^cr, l?ut n h.iJ .mcl h.ird ? nlon-^fn wns f^jrju nftrr i'liii^iit^il |o 
ptiinl a picmt*; ^f Ihc Ihdjhti^in ot rjur S.ivinur. I it^ rni]di>yrd InCuAjnlOn ihi^ii a 
yuuili, w txcuutc oiic fff [JiL- an^'l^ r ^'^^ '^^^ ^>J wilii Atn muuh v^ftnc^" and 
n£h]}L» f>[ ttdtjt", [hot il f^x '\-[it]y^^^^ ilw nr*t c^^ llic picrunr^ i^nd \'i^rrQ4x:btn 
fix^m tliiit rtniL ihicw ii^rt}' Ju5 piilvlte, and cr-nhntd hirn^ll wUMy l^i iu^ ^Vctiks 
idi 5ctdjhtLjru aiicL L||^^i^FE|, ■■ ciini^rL-d;' ^i,s \'i^i^irj^ " Lhut ii child ^igukd thuh 1=?;:^ 
him," 

TliL' j^mih uf J^L'oii.inlo thu^ p^ji?iid ;i^vav in ih*^ pLirsuit of Eci^^ncc niiri of art j 
!=oni4'linT^"^ Ut: yci"^ dtrply L^nt!^L^^ in JisLnpEiomii^Lik cakuhLtii^nsand ii>vL^Li;?niiiipn^L 
ft^tncLjniL'* jrdList in tlit SLUtLy of LhiUurHil liistL^iy, iioNiny, :t]id Enijii^niy ; some- 
lirflcfi JChunl on ni-w- effects of c^l|n^H hyiil, sii;uio^h% t>r t^^prtssfon iti rcj>rt5cniing 
objects nnimplc ur inEitiimntCH Versiillc, ytt ]n^rscvi.^ni]^. In: vstricd hvi puthulu 
bin hi- ntiv^r .thLnuhtninl any. lU^ was t\M\l\^ st VT^nn^ nint^ whL^rt lio t:on(;4-Jt'ed 
EiTiJ tli:niun^fr,t(cil chc [M-iwtit:aJ>tlity nf Jwrj m^Lp^iticcnl jirojtct* : cmc: ^0?^ lu lift 
ihL- wholt: of tkhc chucLJ^ gT Sim (iiuvjnidfc hy niean* o( inimiinsc Ic^'*^!^, "^jini" fej^t 
hfglicr rhnn ii rtn^- jiiantt^, anil tliiis ^n^ply iln,- ckiVlcnt eleiiiiifui ; tht: ocIilt 
projeirr wits U7 iorm t\y\: Anso Into ti ncivl^^lde tLiniil as f^r ^s Pisin ^I'iiicli %v(mlJ 
liavi; ^ddcd rr^^tIv 10 llm ^itfmnirrti.d iidv^imiigt? cjf Fh>rcEJtt\ 

It bii4^>cned iilumi lids time rliai \x Lju,isiinr on thi: *^s[iit*; cif Pk-rcN dii Vinui 
brcujjflil. Iiiin a chiculur |hlci:e of ivood, tut horliitmlftdy froirt the tmtik ol a very 
Iwei: cjUI lip'trcc, winch hml licnrn liilriy felk'd, anJ licEj^i^d cri have srpmi.ihin;e 
]MiiiCi]'l fill it iLs:tn fhtii.nttc'iiE Eor hfi- cfhCM^^i- Thi- man f^r^Ni;r jiiLW|K'4:ial r:tV[?ricv, 
|*icTO dchiruii ln:i>Mn Lt^cmuHU' Cu t^r.^if^ jih lM^u^ ^Li ^niJ Li'tmarLlo.^ins^iilLtd hy 
thiit wdldne^^ id l.mcy ivhi^U w.i.< ihitL- i^r Iljs chLirJcti^n^ttc^ lu^k tht- |j.itiel into 
his ms'i} rofHni. ^nd rcsolvT^ to a'^ti>nish fds fmhtr In- .1 cno^t LinloH>ktd'ror pn'^isJ 
o( hi^ jtrlL Hl' di^tc^rmlneil ich 4:l]]ii|14>^i' "^mi^lhLn^ ivhicki =^]iimld hpV4: iin t^rfn^trt 
similar ay tliat o( thu Mi:dLis.i oh tlhi: sini:lil uf Per^^i^u^, .md alnin^t ]TOli'ffy l^chtihi^ 
erai Aidtd hy his rc*;cnt stu^lics in n^turil hisEory, he colkctod to£:t^thcr from 
Elir nci^hboriti^ sivnin|j^ aiuL [h^ ru'cr-niud idk kn^ds of hideoti^^ re|>tdc^, ^ ad^ 



r 

k 



1.1 :< s N A ff I m HA visci yn 

llviti^' ub^etic Lind LHlnaojcLuu^ thiit>^: and tmc t>r lIk^s^ he c;ompnsi^d n sort of 
naonsUT or t.+inicr,iH wrhlch Iw rcpt05t:nlc<t as iboim icj i-ssu^ frcini (lie <iL[i^lJ, \%'i(h 
ti"t^ ll^slildH hn:, .Liiril nJ Liri [i^ijVi^Li ^ft frir^il ;muI abominLililc thsit it ikririnud to Tii- 
Il-u] tItL' vory nir ;tri>Liriil. U'fiutt |ii)islii:d. ht: lud lii^ fatliL'r uitu [Ik- ruOE^ in Yi'hit:^! 
it ^^'as plMCHln-intlthu inn^rand horror of Picro proveJ thcrsucccisof hi*i :iLtt:tnpL 
Tl^praduL^tinn, jifti^i^v.ird knonti ai^Uic:" liotdlo [|il ]-ji;Oh" from the nmncLil ort 
wh\c]\ ]l \y,'\< jMiiiEudf WhI? ^oIlI l?y I'iiu'n^ ^L-^^rrLlr (n^r ocac littnflml ^lui^il"^ Ut a rnrr- 
ijh.inr. NvJi4^ u.imud it 10 ^lilan, n^ul 5ciM it [{? iIll' iLukt Tlu' Liir4!L- UuikLfc-^k. 1'n 
thf [j<Jor |M^rwint, thus 4;l]i .i[c(3 of his '^ KotcllOn" PitTog-ivc it i^'ooilcn sIiIl^J, oci 
vvJiiiili w-i^ piiiisti^d II hu;irt irjct-^lixcJ hy a dsirlfc rt Juvin: licfttf siEiU'd Ihj hu^ 
tasti: Piitl cujLi])rE:hc[]?fcon. In th^: Eui^cjtjUL-tit tfuuljlr-^ njf MaLm, Lc^un^trdt^'^^ j^clI- 
tin: db^^ajw^ari^d, nnti ^i"45 piOl^iUfy clt-sfrovx^J iis ;t[4 (►bjtv;! oE horror by tJuj^ wlio 
fijd nc>t iNulL-r>r.iiiii tt-^ i'jIlil^ .r-^ i[ work c^f .irt. 

[>Ltrl»f2 cisi^ lirfit |N-noLi ri^f hi^ ]\(l\ whiifh wjs whfplly |HMS4id m fUti^nmiv :inil 
it^ laL-it^^htjoL'iatK^Ll, Li-'oihurdo puifiioi) ^ ^'nrrt] i>[htr [^icturL-s of a wry JaEftrL-m iilmr- 
ni.-U'^r. nntl lin-hEi^^st-ri ^nn^L- LNc^Hiifnl t:;tnH>c?si>- o! sjcrcit nij-l tiU'tlKfluLfhLril ^iihJ42ttts^ 
which shmhvd ih-Ai lii^ ^n*^ nf the LjL.uiltrul, llic dc^-^ittd, jiud ihiz irriit-^Jul wjg 
lUJt l4-^ n piTt of \ii^ mind thziia rh.it c^ctt^nirfijity and rtlmoit iit^rvtrrsiiin ii( f^mcy 
n-E^ich iii.ult him 4l4;|]g]it in skcECliing ugly, <_ "inLLivcnit*! J ciiricTiCMTti uaid r€]|jrt^ 
scntinu the dcfacniud and iHl^ r^^rrilpk^. 

Ltijnrtnlo <Ih1 \'ini:i ^Vh-k fsoia- ntioiti iliiny j^ar: nld, in rh*: prime ql liis Hfo 
QLid LLlt-tiT?. 11 1^; liHi^i r^riilc^t^urt mti i:;^pensc ^jis, h&n"i:^'*.Tp t-nu^l u^ hlsi^'LinLUfl 
aiiiJ ind^fnci^UL^ it.dusiry ; ^nd :L[ixiO(is tcj secure n certain pr^avUioti for the; fnt- 
tirt". a*i ^VL'll ii-^ a witlcr fidil fur llii^ cvi^icitt^ nT hf-^ N^tHouiS Ejli-nEs he acci^pu-J Uic 
in^^ii.itfUTi of LulIcivii^o Sfor/.i lI M^hOh iUlll U'i^<.'iii, jfi-L-rn^Jird Duke of ^liLin^ 
to reside in Ul^ court, nrtd [ft cz^ccuB^; « t-olos^il tv^uo^tl.iti a[.!i.Lit: of isis unccstor^ 
l-ranctsco Sfor^a, I kn? h^igijis tliL- s^^ooaul pL^rioU of Jiis nni^ttc careyr, tihlch 
iuclMdiz-^ !s]:^ ^Jfturfl hit Milin, liistt i^ frcJiii [4S3 lo 149^ 

\'i>a]i ^\ys thAc i.uoLLirdo iv.i^ iiuuud to tht L-ourt ai Mlinn Eor tin: Duke 
Ludorjuo'^ 3inu:^Tncnt, '\\^ q mu^ichc^ ^^ntl ptrromleroii Eliu lyre, and n^ tin- 
lFTt:j[c^LSLiiyizrjind /frifir^vJsiitt^rrof ht-fl time;" !jti| this i:^ imj^EThlsflhlc. Lron.ndcjr 
hi IlI-^ lun^ letter to th:it prince, in ivhich Iil- njcltLi-^ iaij^ fUvn ^piihliticiiHoi^^ for 
cn^ploynicnr, divells chiLrlly on his jJiill in enginLH:rhig: and rcsrcilicALiun l ^vmI 
flurn-^ up hl^ i^ut^nston^ :ls .in .irtbi Ui riicsc fc^v brief words t " I nndcfjiLiinl the 
difTct^nt m{}de^ of ^ulpturi" in m:ir1ik^ hr^^e^ nnc! Terra-uc?iu. Ipi ]>ainrini^f 
.Jitlao. I may e-vic^^m iny^if crpml ro imyonk:. k-t him hi- who In- mziyH" Of hifl 
music^Lt ifilcnf^ l^e mtikcs no nvntifin ivh^L^jt-er, ihtmcfh LinrtonhteEjly tUcs^, m 
well a-^ his c^tlle^ -^iiziLiI Ljcuomjili-^limcnt^. lit^ himJ-iymt: iirrK>n, liU ^vinning ad- 
dti.'*?^ hi^ wjt an^l ^ liJiiLLunui:, r*.-uomnieiHlLzd him to the- norL-u nf the priiiCL\ hy 
whom he wj^i gTt.icLy lK;lox^ed, and in xvIiom,^ service ]ie remanded [or ^ihant scvtn- 
tcer^ yeans It is tiot nctu-^Kiyy, nor \i'OLt]{l it he prj^jlhlc here, ta yivd a p^iTticn- 
liir ^ocotint cjf M thtr M-ork*; in which LeuJiunlo w.is ■^n^a|;cd for his patron, ntjr 
of tlie great poLlticiil events [ii wliieU he ^ns involxx-Jn more b/ his j^o^itioii Lhan 



■■Oij* 



1 



b^hIS-]&d.iDAlie>n; fcjr ipii^Miacc'. tKe iiiv^*iion <>f Italy hy CliirlL'> \"ll l_ iif rn^iict. 
And the sttljsciiui^nt invMi^inn n\ MiLm by Lfiuis XII.h VhMtjIi liiJcJ in ilit: di^- 
i^niclifin of ihf IJukc- Luriovico, The trtMietii w^ffk uf all^ ^M hj* far the 
KtinuLcfit iJLClLirt: wIuhjIih np ((* thM t-JUlCk b^wl Ijixn -^j-^hjcuU^I in \in\\\ wli^? rhc 
" LiH Hujj]>i;r/' iijml';<l ^"a ihc yr,\\l af (Ik- rE:f*^L^Iory, 1^^ diniiij^'roofii, o! the 
[Jiniiiniciin [;LJLiVLtLL nT t^KJ M.LLltiiiiiQ di±|Ji: Gni^ii'. It oc:i;ii|>[c:i| Licunafdij :ibijut 
two years> from 1*19^ En 149S. 

The nlnmenc ifri^k^ci^il hy iho |>3inii<-r i^ dcsLirhL-Ll In ibiL- 36th cKiptcr of St. 
Mjlihi^xv, iitsi .111(1 iinl vt'iKcH : " .\iu! :v^ tfk^ry nlid n^nt, IkL- sjiJ, VtinLyn I sav unto 
you, tfnn <niL^ Elf ^^nt ^Imll li:ii^v mc ■ ,iiiil ihty ^vj;rt t:,\iMtj{liiip sorrowEu!, jnd 
|]i'^iin izvtrv <jjie of them to say unio him^ Lortl^ lis it I ?^' Th(^ tnosvktljic of 
c]3:LricU:r di^iflavcd in the hcjictj of tJic cJi(Tcrr^nL L^postk-s in i^vcn mcarc u-uJiJ^rful 
cliLiEi the jilhiUsil -Lrmcij!cinc^n[ of tliL- Fcycin^^ nnd thi^ ^m^nxiing hiNiuty uf th^ ^vmrk- 
tn^inflhJrL ~11lu ai'L?j4.'L^ occupitMl ly lliu pIcLun: E-^;h wa]] z\l'^i^xv^if^ht fv^L in Icnj^ili 
i]]lI the figure? nre Lir_cur ih^Mi i]U\ 

t>( [his mj^'EhilLijL-ni cft^atccjn uf Jrl, ^^rtl^ )htr TUfujIckring remains are n<>u" vis* 
iUo. It liai l>L:cik so tifi^n rijsjiruil tlinki Eilmo^c ^'Wry vi'^tipi! of ihu kufginjil 
pnintinEi^i ;idniliiiuu"Ll : l^itt lfoiti tlii^ mukipJichy <jr dos^ripTicjn^ tnijitii'inEs, Jind 
i:o|>it:ti that fxtit^ iicn ijlLturi: is rniire (iiiiVLTMLlly tnown iiitcl o^lclirHiUrl l^^rh-i|js 
the titi^t Jud^niL'TiE uv e.in u^^w form of it^ in{.'rtts f^ Uoiit ihi-^ riinr cop^ ejcvcntcd 
iff i>rtL' of |^^>iL.iiilo'-; fni-^t |nifriK M;Lrvo Ujiiiontf for 1I14: Utrtnsi At l*.kvin, imJ 
now m Lonilun, i]i tlic- Lcilluccson of tht: Rin^nl Ac^Jt-my. TJcvtiii oilifcr cojiics, 
hy v^tI^u^ |?upii^ iif J.c^iinhirdoH |^Liii[i:^l Liilht-r diinch^ his Iif4:iime or ^lirhin ;i fu^^" 
years .\in2T his i\^Mh^ wlaik iIil^ i?i4:Eure w^'i in i^urfcut jiro^fin'ri'iuion, Lwsjit in difTt-T' 
^iic elmrchcr^ iinri c4>NiN:tions. 

\VJiik^ ei]^it!x.^ tm the CcHnicofo. I^ojt.ir^lrj |j.iip^lerl the pfirtrnit of Luctr^ia 
Crib-eUt, nOhV In tht LOUVJV (No. .ji^^}. It h-IS lleui^ LllyniVcd Lunttrr tliL^ vicle ijf 
Li Tid/f /N-rfflJ^vjJr^, Ijtat lotcrni^iit^drclies IciiVi: tisnotloulht tliat it re|5rosoiiis 
Luere/ii (Jrivdti^ a IcjiuLifuL faiorit^ nf f.tJilc]^ieo ^forwi, md w^ [i^inted nt 
Mil:in ill 149;, It is, els a ^vart: nf art, uf ^utfi LXtoorJinaFy pcrfeutinn that alt 
cntitxil oilnilmLicm is In^ In wrnid4:r. 

Qf the gTHind t^iUL^strisn] stmirv of Ti-aiiixsco -Sfon^a, L^orlardo ntvtr fii^i^iljcil 
tn^itc ti^Tin the tittMiej in v\\t\, whkU ^v^^ fjoiinidL-rtd j j-nastt^rpii^cc. Soirn^ yeiirs 
jftunvjird Eiia ijijoJr wlitn Mitun vni^? in^MLlt^U hy the: Tivnuli, il wft^ n-^'d ^^ :l 
tiu^nt hv the tl:tsei5n hfjwniesi, .muL uompkiizly dcUroyciL ThL- pruliJUchd rtna-* 
tuinic^l itudk-^ uhkK Int^uniirdn iii.idc tor tMs work ^ill osLst. 

hi ilim v(.ir c=^w. ihi: I'rctieh Lein« in |ioss4--5bion r^f M;!;ii3, his |iaroNn Ludo- 
vtto 111 tjpti^ icy, jnJ tlie liffnirs f^f :hr- iti:L(u ju iitttr t:ocifLi:^ii3i3- k^pn.irtkp rt^ 
UsniL*! [0 hi5 na(irH-" J'k>r^iiLT:, hvhe^^ ht hi>jK^d lu rtr^stahfi^h Jiis Isrotn.-]] lorsHnt^. 
and toFniil i:iti]>tc]yiT»cnt, Iktii Iw^ti^ The third iH-riod of hiS^rti^lie LiTe, fnmi 
150D to csT.^p thiiL i\ fr<jni his forty-niyhtli tci IfcU ststitth y*.Tir, Ilo found the 
Medki [umiiy ill csik, imt w:is recei^^il ^^y Pii:[n> Sinkrini (who covtmcd tht; 
uiiy ai^' (7x^x^/il/Tmi:f-r /frr^'fx^^"} witii yre.ii distiiKtioti, ^iid :l |H!nsioti w.is au- 
sigiied to inni :hs puiiutr in die -^tniee of ihe rc[jeb]ie. Ow iif hi?i first WT?rkj> 




j 



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I 



Lr^ONAKDO [>A VINCI fll3 

aftt^r Iu4 ]'ciut'i) to Florence \\'^^ ilic fbimous portmit {jf Mncloniij Lri.sa dcJ Gio* 
concio, called in Trcntli Z^ ytrntjirf^, jiaiil ng^ in ifit: Lf^Llvr^: ^4^4), %^'KJth Lifter 
the ik^LFli uf Lc-^n^rili) w^ts purrlini^i-Ll 1ky Fnin^ris I. fof 4^c^x^ gulJ crux^-n^, l^u:i| 
tQ 45.GCO (ratit:^ or /JhSoo, cm cEii^rmaLi^^nm 111 ihcjSc t!;iys; yd who cv^jt Lhou>^^ht 
il too much -' 

Thi^ii iK^Jti iJtii rtvjlry b4:iwvtn l^oihiifilo JiiJ Mklbjc-I A]i^t:Iqt \tl][Lh limlcd 
clurl]i>j tliu renrjiiiittir f»( [j-onnrJa'^ litCr 11ic cLifTcrvncc of :^^u IftHt" MicfLael 
J^CIH^;I^^ t^'-i^ IhvtiUV-tWtH yt.ir^ VuucigcrJ OlE^hl t^i l^tvc ] >i^VtMl( i_^ I all Ltnsttnily 
icj]i^ubv : Liir ^Elckhjtrl Aj^^cI^^ was hm^xy iind fci]i|t;i[i£:Li[ ol j|]l ^upLfiaritv, t^r 
isvtrn cqiiaLilv 1 LtundrtlUn ^'nsitiv:, i:^|>t'tc:iuuif 4inJ niUirakiy ilisiiiijlLiieJ t<P Jilmit 
tho prtfcn^uHi^ yf a rivjil, ui wKc^an li? coulil say^ oihI rf/^/ijiy, '■ 1 wsv^ f^icfi^nis hi-"' 
fi^n: x-c>Li wcru Ij0['i3 - " W[[h :lII ihtiW ^^mttAUOt: o\ e.ich i»tht;r'^ gcntu^, thtvc 
muLUiil riaiUk"^ pr^vcnU^L ^ity sv.il |^ooJ-will uti L-tLlii:r Esidi.'. 

■Lnn^irilo, Jurinjr ]iis ^tay nL l-loft^na-, piniih'il the |KNFir.xji of GJiu'vi^ Ift-nci^ 
th4± relg]ii4ig l>eaLiLy ot her ijmc. \\\' linJ tlfciaf m 1^0^ lii^ ■A'ai> enpjii^ct! hy Oi^ 
air Borcin lo vL?.iL nnd rcpon nti the forttllcaiion-^ of Uh K-rrltoilcs, :in<l in ihis 
i>nicc hu w.iji ciupkayc^d lur \\\'o j^-yp^ In t^tj^ ln^ Ei^rnfccil 'a pl^in Efir luniing 
ilic coursed of Llic ^^mcj. and in ihc follrnvh^^^ vc^ he lost his fnther. In IJ05 Ht^ 
inoik'Ik'^J Lhcr girntp x^liLt;]i v^x iww sec over tfiii ncjithtjrn door ol ihc Sun Gio- 
VLLcnii, .ll riorciSiiL'- In i5J4 lii-' ivni im'ju^E n> ll^imt" Ipy Lt^f X.h !mi n^orc m 
his cluniutHrr ol philosopher, mcchnink^ Atid :£]ch(:E^L>^, [haii i:^ u pL^ini^r. ilerc 
Raphn"!!;! x-n-i^ at tht hcii^ht t>( iii^ f^mc^ and cnirJi^jjd in his j^tiawsL "^orht^ the 
frc-TCoi af Ike \'DLkMi]. The yoLtnpLir -irfisf wjt5 hirn?dijct.-c[ to the elder; and 
L^^'o picLurts whiuh Ltr^hnnrdo pniiiLod ^vhtle^t Ronii: — jki^ " M.^donnaof Hi. Qwn^ 
fno." cir»d the " Holy l^nmify," fjuintcd for Filiht-rca ol S^mJy^ ihnj |jopii'5 siitor- 
in-liiw {which k now ^t Sl Pt:U:n>lpLirs>— shciw th^C c;vcii this veteran in art Eclt 
the irresiiirihle inlLk+nce uf tin: |;eninfi of his youti^ ri^at 'I'hcry utl huUi A'ri^a^ 
c^.f^jf^ i[^ 1I1C ^LihjcLt jnd Ln; JLttk: nr^ 

k ap]>c;^rs thit l^oii.iicla xvis ill-^M^riefd with his £oJe3Uetl at R<>Tiie. [|o hfid 
l0[1g hc:en acc;u!fto[n4:d to hok! ihe flr^L taiak as sin Jirtist wli^^rcvcr hi? rc^idt-d ^ 
whtivqs"3ii KnnK" hL- (onnd hjn^^lf only otw among many ivho, i( rlnjy achnowl- 
edgeU his aTe.ttnt^-*, alTt^cced io ton^^idtr his diy ^^^ |>^'^u Ho w^as cnn^jrjus thnl 
tunny ^i llic iinpr^Axmunls in the nits which woto nou^ 1>roLi^ht iiiicj usl-, iicid 
w^hidi i:n.ibl£:d the pmnters rjf tki; diy to pi'odLLce f^ch cvLnordin^trj^ t'lTctilSH were 
InvoitCiL or ithirodtlCC^il hv Hlin^lf. If her cntlld tia ]{]ngcril^^-rt thut nacl'fLirclCiiS 

sujjrnority ovcT all cjthcrs whicli he had clono in his younger diy^, il was becjuse 
hi.*]nm=:t'll hjiJ o^l-hl^ to tht:m nt^v pih^ to t.vcelknce. Theanfv.d nf his old 
tronipcLiLor, Michael ^^n^Glo^and sonsi: -Ji^Fhi on ihc pjrt of [j:a X.,whu was giv* 
tigyed ly his ^pL-cvl:^tivc nnd dilaton- hnbtis tn oMjctiting Ehe woiks intrusted to 
himn :dl addijrl in \\\k irrtLaiii^n and dif^^cist. lU- Wli Konie, ;inU f^^c auc Eor Pa* 
via. wht^CL"^ thi! TruaL^li kinr.', rhintl'^ l_, ihcn J]4:!d his eourt. lit- was I'iztciT'trd by 
the yocuig mo]ia^t:h whh nvt^ry ms-^rk ol lespeet, lujded witfi fax'orinand a peiiElon 
of 700 gold erigwns wttlcil on him for life. At tilt fiimoLi^ <;on[4^renCc betwtert 
Francis I. and Lecj X., m ifolu^rnaH Lizonafdu Jittendi^d his u^w |>dhLton, and ivju 



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BU 



ARTISTS AND xVUTILOI^S 



Df c^culial wnitt: co him on tbit octigslonn In llic falEowm|i year, 15 fC, he re- 
tumfld ^vith l-^:iiicis I. (o VVjucl. .irtJ v^'a* .stt.iclKd to llic l-ixn^i-'htgurt it^ j^findl- 
f]jl f)ALi3t4;r. It ;L|ipcjn:, hoiiT^'crn llial tluriny i\\^ rc^Uli-'i^i-'c lis FrntiKf W, i[u\ ntiL 
jjiint :i liinclc |^]fiutv. His hralils l]iitl Ihz^lhi ics tltuliiiJ: from dit tantt ht Itfl 
ll^tly ; unci f^tliitp lii^ *^siii isiipj'oachj he pr^^p:lrt:^l iiimsi;ir TcNt ]t lij" rtHyious med+ 
itAtion, hy Mis t^i ^hmly, and ^y a ntusl toiiJfl-k-JiiioLLs LLi^irituLtioih |py will ot M 
U}'^ worlfHv |JO■^it:^^i^^ElS fu iaiji JvLtllvc** [LiuI Iriirn^s. .\t Ici^tieIi, nft*^r protrntlc^l 
suir^^rijifin ihis t;ri;-LL jaid most cxtraonJiciliT ini3r> dsi'd ftt CI<hI-'^t nt.ir xYinlriikM^ 
Mav' 2^ 1 ^J^^ iKK^g thcii In his si^ty-s^^^nch y^^y Ii is 10 In: rcT^-Ercd rliai u^ 
coouuL whnllv cixilit tht; IjcautiELtl iiary of his dyifljr in the pfiiss o[ f-rjL»clg L^ 
^i'ht\ yit it L^ p^itl^ tiiiil L^jnit to visit liini On iii-^ ift-.-irli-bL-J. It woiM tiiJucd hrtve 
iM^tnn IS TujiL^li t:xprt^j^f3 id '^"1 honor |o the- kinjj, li)^ which (li-^[iny wwuW hitvc 
AtDjitid tg chat tnitil^irb fpr his luLurc dii^uLcr at I^aviix'^ 



MICHAEL AKOFiLO 




w 



■1: have 1i|KJk^'n of t^onnrclo di Vind Michael 
AnjlL^lOh lisi: Eithtrr yt^-it lunih^ary cif Art, iv.-i-? 
tv^'crtty-iwo years y^mngLTp but tUc mcfrc st^'trc nncl 
rulljjfLivt trisi of his mJnJ rciidcn'Ltl (htir djiTtrcntJ^ nf 
sgt" fnf h^ irt tffi-rt thnn Iei rcAliiy. It is usual II* 
cCia^ijKih.' ^T]cha4.-l A^i^^i-'lo willi R:Lpl]ael, hiil lie is 
nit^cu5^|Uly cofispareJ with Ltoiininlo dn ^^i^ci. .Ml 
Lhe ^tit arti^a oF [hai Eimc, even Raphsid hiiiasilf, 
wtrt! innLLLtitfil tfltffc or less hy [hv^ iwcj cstr^iordi- 
LiAry iiitiiH liuc thty cstrcisvd no inJlLiLNict on cuth 
odicr Tlity 5rarti:J frf>rTi DppositL- ijoinlif Lhty |jur- 
^^H'd Lh^f^tt^!ht3^1t thtiF wliok- uxislcnt:!^ anJ in oil ihcy 
phniieil ami Licliitv^xl^ a couis* ;i^ JifFi^iiziu u^ tlitir re* 
5pcH:tivi- t:har;n:li;n^ 

^LiclL:hl:i An^tlo Quonnrroti wris W^w fit S4:ligflJt* 
no, n^ar Flortncc, in the year i-(7.l Ml- u-as d^sctink-d from a f.tinilj' onci^ no- 
ble— ^Cfi HfdOn^^ the nol^W of thi,- ftkid.il 1or<ls o| Nonkcm ItAty— the Counts 
qf Cnnossa : Iiul iluhL hrjnii]!i lA ic fc:|i3(:^i:nLed E^y hts Fatlicr, Enuigi l^^-onnrdd 
BuQtinrroEj Sjnitmi, li:itl ff^r s^jrnc jjcnorntions iKtOirt*^ ]K>nn:r And |w>orer, utilil 
the ]asi oc^ccndiint %vms Lh^inkful i<» :iuc<^pt nn ofTcee iii ih^^ Iei^^'^ and had been 
nominpicd ninGi?-tniic or mayor ^fi^/rih) of Chiusi. In rliifi ^fuiacion ht hsij 
Jiirritod has amliEcon to ihc pros[K-ot cvf ^L-<rin^ !]i^ t-ld^jst son a jiotAry or advocate 




V_ir- 



MICM.MiL .\yCiCLf> 316 

in Jiis alalia*: t.icy. "['Kc yot»ij? Mkli^u-l Anyi-lo Tfhyn^il the uinio^t c!iKia.sit: iui 
tKl^ ^Luditr^ iillottccl to him. ^iid \\\^s cuuiimulW \^sc:ii>\\\\^ fruni ins lianiciHHL Irum 
hi^ lIl'51; tu linMii^r t^it :tLclic^rs <?! ilu' p.iintvr-^^ |iani4;(iLtr1y that qI Glilrljiiukjo, 
\\^h4j ^N'L3^ ihtil M lIil: hrJght l»E tli^ n:jtutJtJL:>a1- 

'l1ie firhcr of Michiicl Anj^l^^ wht? foiii^il liu^ frimtly incrcrju too injtidly tai 
hit niranL!, irM-i iWbKhu^ b^ime iif hi^ sdii^ fn^r 1:011] muroi: ^it ^vi1L be rvcdlLi^cltid 
ihnit iiL tpi.'in.^.j ^LtiJ Flyrt'Eitr rhr mcj^c |iohh'L-rfij| n^^hJc'^; ^^'ltc mt^rchant^ ur risnnu- 
f^LCi^iKT^k hiiiLJ i^tht^r$ l^ai' civil OL' cLi|>lo]>iaiEC L-tn[)U»y[n4:iii'^; but tlic Tint ^tr^^, 13^ 
lN;iiicr -It Mi:tl Tiniiz i^rodLicth'c of litElc hon^^r uv cnn^lunlL'citH he hirld lit iiov^lu4.iiIh 
5n<l EsvjiL^cl iIll.-^ t:i5tc5 oi hi^ l^Ul-^i i^jei sumniimei withci?9][cLiij^[ im^i suantiEimcs 
ci'Cji m[h iMin>||!it^-Sr Mithsii:! AnjitiliSn laOM^ivr, h^cJ f^fmitJtL 4ni]4^ friend<hi|>^ 

t»^^t pll|>lL{ tjf <.f]]lrldLiiil.iJD ; he contri^i.^' lm LlLlU^th^- inc>j|L-]^ ^utl [Im^viiij^E^, ^iiiJ 
studieJ tlionl in --tr^j^r ^Etla -iiiela pL^r^vt-tinj;; ii>^aduky jiiul con.^^^^urtit itnpiov^^r 
nieFjt, tLui GSiirlsLndiju, ctijitiv^roJ Liy hi$ ^'uius^ nn^li^nook to |>Ll1lE hui cuu^k: ii? 
hi^ (.EilK-r, Atni nt Luni^tfi pn^^'LiHctl ^^wr ihi' ulrL iiuih's fHirnilv pnUu Licid ]ari^judLL^c!s 
At thi^ Jige pE ionr[i.''-'n MIcImi^I -\ii^L-|t> w^.i^i Ti2i;iiWv\i mic* Tlit: htutSiu uf tiliir^ 
[imhEajo :h$ ;i rL^nl.it |>u|iilH L^nd fiouiiil tu fcJin for thrcx ^^ar^^ :inii ^ui^h ^vsLf iJie 
lirecociktLiS tnlenl of thi; Iniyn tJinil, in^t^ad oE In^icaq" p,iid for hi^ initmclion, (lliin 
liiiulijf^ HiiLkrtuok to |i.-iy the f-uhL-r^ [A-nilai[h> Utifhtian^PLi, W llii,^ first, *^^L:ui^t!, 
iiiiit ilur^L yij.it^j ^W, et^rfit, HLid Lwi.-h^ [jf^^Uluii llorhi-f, li& ]khyniLiU ft^r lU^ ^itl^^nn- 
[j^' he i:x|>ecie^E to <L<:rtvc: Cram ihc LiUrr of the s^^Hh Tiius was the vocaiion of 
the young anl^i Je4^idi^d for nfu. 

\t that clnit.^ Lon:n:c<i tho Majiiifict;rtt rcljrjiud over FlomneCn lie had 
ftMnicd ill his j^hLl.icre iinti ^;crd<^n^ -'t <;chfii^noEi uf ajiii^uc^ n]ar|p|cf, biE^t^, ^tdEiuts, 
fni^mtms, which he had converteil mto Jii :L4-hiiLLiiay [or rhc U]^^ of ychunq i^rti^L^ 
])LhclEauat thi: h^Mil of it AS direiJtc^T 11 aCLiljJti^r of ^onie tnnhai-necH naintil iletro^c^ 
Michan:! AriL^h> ^va:s fiaiu of llle fir^t ^K']vO, llirouHh ih^ ^euomTln:nd.ltu^n of Gftlr- 
Utidi^jo^ ^v:*^ received into ihU cie^v aLJili^myj iiftLr^^'^td t^j fnuious unci t^ ihujti^j- 
r^bj^! i» tise hHtnry c^f art. The ynutig auaiiH iht^n iioE t\mit sixteen, h^iL h][hL'tio 
oceLcplufl him^L-lf clucUy m drjlw'infi; lut n^m; lin-tl i^y the bt-^iilies lie beheld 
jito[|]1lI hiisi. :i]iJ Uy (he examplL- :iiscl ^ui^xefe" of ^ fellow-'puj^d, Tom^Hiiiio, he Kt 
himfjclf tm innflel hi i^ljy. nnd ai Lt'Li^^h to copy i]i auarliL^ what wjl> htfote hitii ^ 
bill, \^ VhM-i ii^ruTui in a ehsimelcr and ^niu^ "^j ^^-epi'd in indtvicLnjdily, his o^pics 
huciimenoLiioinuLh imitntion^f of furrii ?ts un^hnai eniJHMlyHit-}^ l>E chc If^Jtdin^ 
idti For examjihs . hh lir^c aiiempt in /n.irUtt, h^Hii^n he leas abi^ut llftcizuj ivos 
D eE]]>y of ail aiui^LLL^ TTiH'Utk uf hUi n^hl iLiLLt^hiii^^ [-\iLLii ; he treated lliK In a manner 
so dtlTtirent from \h^ original, jiulL s^a ^^pirilcd a^ Cr^ excite r!le JsLuiil-^bmc-iLt oE 
Li^reciscfi de Mcdfi;], who crhiclibed it^ howTVeTj sayliiy, ''Thfin shoidd^t liave re- 
m^rnbL'tL-hl chAt old lolk-^ ri^ nnt rcln-^in all thtir k-eth ; ^om*^ r-^i rlfcr^ni jire aUi^ys 
^h■^l^l^l^[^/' " The Ijoy Irtttick Lbc Ci^t^th Oul, K^^'nl^ i^ ^^ ^^^^^ ^'j"-' iLtLk^i yfUteM|Ue 
L-_\|i]t:nSiort ; ut^d Lo^e^^^ inhidtely .tniustdn sent for his fullior aiul offered to at 
tich hii 5on to his own i^iriieul^tr senlt^, jind x<? unrferratf the entire am? of his 
cdiLczalionr The fsl her commented, on Luiidltioti of tt^cel^'ing for iiint^lf :kn ojliet^ 



m 



^F 



'!» = 



210 AKTISTS A^l> AUTHORS 

uiiJtr thi; a^n'iiinmLi^l, ftml 1 1 ten cf forth MithsL'L Angclo was lodged tn tht [jjIjicc 

fuller, an J WhIs tKcntciorlh [lina^i'^ cm fcsii>ij^vii ri^souiiZL^. Il j^ trutj ihut ihcr son 
of Lo^^llH^^^ I^lto di^ Ml^IIlIi izoiuiaiutd lo e^tusiJ lu^ fnvor to the ythuny- ar^isfn 
hul widi :» liLLk kX9n]|)ioh^^Eisia3i ol likgtMiJLis [ind oh^irjcti;?^ thnc on one occastoii, 
duri]i^M]]'3 scvc]civl»ia- ot J 494, li*^ SOE liitn ci^ form ^ sucut of ,vnow for the 
nniuz^TiitTir of hl^s pUL^^i, 

WitlinnH AntrH-Jon h^^J]i!e hu rIdihriJ, pcrJ"orcL% to rhi; c:if>riw."5 wf his inoti^clor^ 
tutni-il iJit uncT^it.^ of hi^: inind i<t [i nt^v jiludy — ili^kL of iLrtLitOJiiv — .u>d |]|ar'qjcd 
it with :lIJ tTuir fcr^'or ivhicli hc!oji>^til lo hi:^ Ji^h.iitLciLer. L]is aitcMlloia hh':i^ i^t ifw 
same ttini; dirc^lcd [o lltcrHturt", \\y iht! muiiT»cls antl uon^vrsulionsof n vrty c^lo 
hrciH;J scht>!nr iiaul ikK:1 (fit^n rL^^idfcijj iji thj; nturl o( Pft^j'o — *-\njTtlo ^*[JlF7]al]f* ; 
an^l he pursued al the ^a^ncr ^hiie tlie culthi^iiiLLO]! of his mh^d and ih^ prAotici^ of 
fti^ jirtr Eii_[mi^^L'd fjy Iie^ o^vri sEitdics he hh^a^ w:.irH:cl]' awnrt^of ivhnt iim^ pasiinj 
pround fiiiti, injr <j{ llii: jhOjmlIht intrl^ti; wllii:ll ^h-crc; ]>rupart|3j^ ihi.^ niin of the 
MciJioi^ sLiddc^ihiy this po^verful f^itiiily \Kr<i Hung (vt}\ti so^erci-fiiEy io ti2]ii|h>E^ 
iy disjrni^c and ij^ilc ^ :ind MichicL .An^lo^ u^ drc of tlicir rcLaiucfs, was obLij^d 
to fly trciiii I-lortMiut^p i^Tici itN>l: tLfiL;^ j]] rl3\- Licy of Jiolognsu Duriji^ ihc y^'tr 
ritj ^[luUL LiKrc hL^ found .L IliL-aul, ivho c^Eil^jh^^L-d LhiiEi Oih ^OiiIl works bf^L^ilptitau; 
Aiid on his r<:luni to Tlorcnce he cxi:{:uLcd a Cupid in n]^ti'ljlL^ of such tiCMttiy 
that it found it^ \}r"j.y Into tiiv uciLmul;! of thi: Dcicht^ uf ^Innlua Lis a real »ti- 
tk[UL^ 0]i Lhu disco^'Hjiy iliai ifiu L^Liih^^r u( tl^-^ !jLMti|iftil si.itLie ^v-^ n ^^tm^^ jiicin 
1^f Uvo-aLid't-i-vtiity, ihc Cardin.d ^.ili Giorgio iiii'ited hlni to Komf, and for sonm 
litrtL- Lud^-d hi]i^ an hi^ p-ibt-c. Here ^^chri^l --^np^lo, s^nroundird :icid jnirj>ircd 
liythc grind r^miuas of a]iLic|Ltity, ^uc^ui^d hi^ =^Ludje^ wah unct^^i^ing [-neri;^' ; h[? 
iNrodLte^'d a scajui; t^f Ithcefhu:^, wPii^^fi nuldi'd Lo his i-opxUatLOn ; ^nid in i^co, al tlio 
ai^e of ftl (r-.1[id-L^rt:rtU , lu^ ]>rwl4<xd iho fsiniOH^glonp of tiac dii^ld Uhai^t On iIlc 
4^|]ws uf hi^ \']rgin MotEior (cjlfi-d lIil- " rji:iL\'^), which is nuxv in the cUuivli of 
St. Peters, at komc i thi^ h^i luring froqinjntly t^ojaai^d iind imitated, oltamtid ham 
so nnLL:li appLiu^ cind rt^pntntLOat, i1i:it ia^^ ^;\-is n^t^'^dh-d to I^lc^rcni:!:^, lo und^ftAhe 
an-cjril public: ^xrtsp and wu Jnid hina onc4: more e^t.iblisliizd in 1his native dt}' iiL 
the ytMF c^i* 

Id ijOS ^fichnc] AngH-lo was summoned to Roinu hy Pojw Julius U., wlio^ 
whilu llvhajsiH EiEid ^am^^nvmd rlic id^^a of rncHng a most sjdmdid inonvmcni Lo 
puipclunitc Lii^ [ncnioij'. Pnr ^hls work, whioii was ne^'t^r coinplt!L<^d, MIclhLtcl 
Aiiqelo L'Xtculc^ the fLimOii^ ^dauLi: of Mostjs^ scjlaL gr.is|>in(^ has lIowinR i]H_^i<[ 
wilh one hand, ;^nd whlb ih*.- rtthcr suSfniinhig; the Ial>U^ of (lie Ln^^". Wliilt i^m- 
]>^jyi^d On thi^ tnmh, \]w pojjLi n unimandt-Ll liini CO undt:rt.L[c4! Ldj^o Ib^ ilt'coriition 
of Lheccilln-; of ch^ Sasfint Ch:i|irl. Pojh: Sistus JV. hanl. in the yi^ir a4/J^ 
ert^=LLd (hi^ famous chi|}tl^ rind sucntnoc^ed Iht best p;iinit.-r\ uF that limi^. Siynor- 
clli, Cosimo Ku^-lli, PcRaHi"*'^ tsnd Gldrlandajo, to deiranite the interior; but 
tluwn to the vtar i^o^ iliu CLtimy rLnuined without nny ornamt^nt ; ai>d Michael 



ifc.. 



i>t[CIlAI-L ANCl^LO SIT 

and iiiiy ftct in Ivni^iK Ik- hfty in lTrL^:tJili, wllli n Sijrius of 5ll^lJc4;(P rt|Jitsoiiti]i^ 
lIic mu'^ tnitJufL^LFit cvcnL^^ c^mnL'd^^cl. eiilior Litcnlly cr ty^^iciillyr ti'iili ilic I^ill 
nn^t r4;J4:niptii?ji of n^niskic^il- 

\a piiil o{ HMtclt:i4:l Aiijiit'lci's Iniij^ life i^ «> liitL-ri-sting, ^o Eti1l ol tliamcti^r- 

irt i^OjH LiLitroiidc^L oiili wkh tlitck^tli of ihepqM: in 1513, 

Mich^iH^I ;\na*^l[J I3:lJ :Lf iill rimti^ n tcifty id4.a ol Lhi^ ow» tlipnity as an drtii^T, 
and m-Nrr ^^-(Mild ^looiMntlicr [t> llnucr ;i |jiUoii (^^ la uoiicilMLi^ a uvaI Julius 
IIh, tljOLi^^h no^i' ^ti^'t^nt^'IcJtJt'H ivjii as iiupuiiunt t^f t(Hl^Ta(l^cli^3^ as fiery in tciri' 
ptFp as full oE ni:i;:i^irKt^rtl ^llld hIUiItiIIoifs |^T^3JL'^;^S ii5 if l]*^ ll:«l litcn ifk tllii prlcaic 
of life; in lu^i^i^iuiu^ ^vas iht fnmous iirditit^*.^!, 3^]:unnnle^ whci bulKld willi J4.ul- 
cju-'^v nnd al^rni tl^f incrt';iM[^y fninn^ of Mik:]iLitt -Vngrlo, anrl liis Inflnunuc m\h 
ili<^ ]ionrifr, anil sec ]ibniu:lf hy indirccL mtans iO Ic^li^ liOEla. Mt^ Ir^jiinLiutc^l to 
Jul]u^ [h^t it \\'±^ njuiiiQU^ to crtct hh o^V]i injim^kLiui tturiiig his |lf4.'Lii>it, and 
th\z pO]H: ;^nidu.aUy fell <9ff in lu:^ jLtuutlihtis t^ Mkhad Aiifrtlo, and nir^kctud to 
supi^h^ him ft^th ihc nci:4^Sh;iL'y fuuds Tor Caiijin^jofi tb^^^h^ofli On mw ca^'aiionn 
Miclind Angt^lOp fuidiaig ie dilTLcnlt U^ u^t.nn nccttx to th*.- ]H3|j*!, iii^i]r j ll]ch^gg^; 
10 hini to this i]frccl, " ihal ImnLiL-foilh^ if In^ LlDliness ilc^u^d to seer fiinip be 
hhi>uld semi fo seek hjrti ulyciwliero ; " unJ the sma*^ "ifil^'r l*^Jivjnj; orchis w\\h lijs 
scfvanrs Iv clls]>(ss* of his pro|ii;rty, h^ ijt-|>:irtccl Cor Florunct *riic fitH|jL Je- 
sjjihtched Rvii eouricr^ after lici]i with thrtEiLs^ persuasions, [Ji^inii-^s — Imt iu VAin. 
Ml- wMiitL^ Lo thu Gonflilti:sii:i^ Sodcrini, tlicn at tht: ht.-atl uf thi: n^vrmini^nt of 
Flcjrencc, coninundiu|^^ liinin on ]>5nLi ol hi]> c'tlrt^mL- dLs]hk-^:JLLn!, lo i^ml Mnjland 
AnjveLo baek 10 him: Imt tJii: inlli^xiblc artist absohiu^lr rcfu'^'cl ^ tlu^- luoHtli:^ 
M\'TC sp^'nt in Vriin Ttq^O^ljiliotsii. S^nlirrini, at k^nRlli, lejiricij! the popeVs aiif;cir, 
pn'^'.tiltiJ on Mithilcl AlSgi^ki to utiim, :kntL ^n[ ^^^th lilni Jii-^ rt:l[StL[l]^ CarJiDal 
Sodcriiii, to nnkc up iKe qyaiwl li^ciWLn titer high eoiiundtn;; pow^i^ 

On his refurn tn K-^jicil^ MiL:h[ii.'] Ai]gelo ^vislietl to lias^e ressimefl his vfocl: 
on the n^ausnkuin ; hiu ih^] ^x^pc had i^^soUt-^I on Ihc t:omp]tlion' oi the Siscine 
CltJip^] ; he comtnandL";! Mlthael Aiijr*^lo to undtrtakc tht dc^eci^tion of Ih4: 
vaulted cciliui,^ r ?nd the .irtlst uis ohJi^^^-d, though relucl:intlyH I9 obey: At this 
lime llic: Ifc^c^o^ wUlcit ka]>h[ii.'l auJ iti"; pupil": wxre pnFutin^^ in Oie: cli:iintik!rs of 
Ihj^ \^atieai] li:jd JJMjitrJ the aJniiraticn of alJ I^^jitil^ MccLtael Auj^r^^lo, who hnJ 
nu^er esi^reiwJ hi»i^-lf irt the Tnechanititl |>arE of [hi^ arc of frcscon inviit^ from 
Florence i^vtira! |>:u]itLn; of einiaiL-n^c^ to txtrcute hi? ilesi^n^i under hts ovvji 
Buptirintunden^^e; hut thty cciuid not rcnch the grjndegr t>f ht^ eancepuons 
■hVlilch iH-'CJimi^ LH^reohkd under their h^nd^ nnd ocae niortiin^^, in a mood of iiw 
patiencH., he dt^troyed alL thrit they KiJ iloiic^ chnscHl tht <trifc"Hrs of rjic ehnpel 
flE^inh-t thetu, flnd iTOuH ncit ihcnuelorth ndmit thtin to his im-ii-nm He thm 
^nt iiiinsielf up^ J11J jirociz^cd ivktii hai^redii^le persi^verEinec ^nd ener^^y to ac^ 
compJisli hi& t?it alont ; he vvi;n prepared Uh eolors ^N-icli ]\\^ o^ti liiiniK He 
b^^Ti wilh tile c:nd Low^rd the dourn ami in the twu euJiLpanmrnts lir^L paintc!d 
{though not Qrst in Lhe i^ries)^ the " Delude" and the " Vineyard o| Sfoah ; " he 



- Lj 



^ 



jr> 



^18 ARTISTS AND AUTHORS 

made Ui4^ fi^uri::^ LUD numerous ;;nd too Sii^all tu pru^liit^c ilic^r lulL rflcijl from 
bc^o^v, a f:iiiU ^^^liiuh tic tcNm?cicJ in ihoiu: cmcjcuU^lI ^ubsci|Ui^i3Lly. WIicli ^Llmosc 

the aijtohii^Simciht :Liad Hiclniinnioii it c?CEnti:d ri^^Jt-'r^ hin] iiH?rv ^in^E mure ^ag<.y tu 
hiivt llkLi xvIi-jIl^ ^ iPEHjiJcLLtl ^l tiikci.^ I'fcL' jjrogivft^ Isowti'Lir, wj:5 not i^t|nJ 
cEiotij^li to ^ic iKc^ Lti^jxitccnt tcmp^ir ol tin: i^cjittilT. On one; occ:L^iijn he dis 
niaTnlt:<l i>l lilt artist wifn ht mtMiit tu Tini^ls it; It* whiul^ Jlichnicl Angi:lo 
nsplwd calmlv, " \V|ii:n I c^iil" " U'licn LhniLi cuiist!^ L^sirLiinii^tl ihi; fit^ry did 
pDE^c;, '' tht>Li hohi it mfiad iljjLt J ^liuuld Jj^i^'^ tl^i^u tltKtivn Jr^FFii thu^cilTuld f '' Af 
k'ni^ilih (lis i-lic day of All Sai»l>, i^iis, tht-^ tuifi]!!^^ w.ii uiK>fvtLt:tl to public vin^^v. 
^ich^Lul An;;il£t hid ^jini^Uiyt^I ini tlii: ji^iiihiiLit^ ■■k^ly^ ^viilnPtiL ruckoiun^ tiie ticnc 
spent lti ]jri7|jjtin^ ihr cannons. iwtnEy'livo nit>chtl]s nud ^lo rcci_ii'cd fii |>^y»i4iiic 
lliftro tJio[i:NL[]d cio^i^ns 

The cyUuCtitm yf ciipfnvln^Ts n(i<^t Mkh^tl An^cltj in ihc UriLi^U Mu^icum la 
Very imjKirfi^k."t, but \t coni^in^ ^Mne Tniu o\d prinis from the Pnrpln^L^ which 
^oLtld liij studic^nL hy iIkisc ^'k'lui ^vi^li til i:LiiLi'i-L_Lm| ibc fn]e murit of this great 
ma-^rcTn of ^"bom Sir Jtp^lni^ Kfy»olJi_s.Lnl LLh.iL, " lu ki^i-* ittL^ h^\ti of hi^ /r^trnieFiCp 
lo cjielt Lh4j jflcf^litL^^t cjf his pvcfi:i:[^on!>p wpMid l^u j^Lory and di^tiii^LiuiL eiioLi|;l| 
fo/ Lin Rmbitikiij? man I" 

U'hc;]t ll^L' SKtint Chapul wwn c^ftnpliitR^tl ^fkhac^j An-^olti was m lih chiriy- 
piiitlh yijbir; fifty yiMt^ of ii yhncuLi-i iIluli^Ii troLtbleiL ucirt^T w-'i.tc ^Ul bt-fofe him. 

Po|](; JnliuEi I L dieil jn i^rj, inU ^^%vi jiutMuL-ih^l ^y Luq X., Ilii= Son of L<j- 
rCTi^-i^ Lli^ iM.]1^]]L[iccj]tH As ^ KLotL-iiLti^t^ ind hi:^ father'::; "^i), i^c mi^^bl i^i^ttiT^Uy 
hivt; cKpcctud thai he ironld l].iVL;g]DriLd in jii^trnnEii^ing and cn^jjI^Hj Ln^ Micli-iul 
AngL-lo ; byi sueb Unj^ not the Ci^fiCr There Was ^imvlliin;; in llic sLirn, lm^JLNld■ 
l^^; chuniutur^ .ind nzlLrud jud nbsLcinioLLS liLibit^ oE Mldhad An[.^^lo, t£^pul>^V4! lo 
ihc tc^mjic^T of LeUr wlio prc'forfcd Lhtj ^rjccful :i]3d [imiaUlL^ Kjj^hi^t^l^ rlic]i in the 
ptimt! of hi^ li/e lind yvi^lui; bt^nue nirost rhe nK^nJflrjblc rU.dtj'lK'l^i'eeLi Mii^Ti^i^l 
An^ulo :Lnd RApImn:], vvIilcU on the: j^irt of ihm latLur w^:^ im^r^ly i^^i^njroLi:^ ^.-jnuU- 
tionn ^vhik it must lio conEi^s-o^d ttLit sotnutliing Jtkc ^orn nnn^kd ^vith lli^ [^^ 
m^i of xMiLluul Ahgi^lfl, ^rbe pcjiulfK-^ite of l-t^o X-, an ]r^i*:rf:i| of Icn yc^r^ 
va,s [liL- It^.i^e prudULlivc jK-jind of Uh lif4-% I]i LJ]iJ y^^ir 15 r^^ n^bcn ibrr Sifiaori^ 
of [^orLLtc;t! wi^"^ iit:yoU,niii^ wiLlk Ravcnnii for llic restomlion of llie rL:]nLiin^ of 
Dantn:, he |>^till4ncd tli^^ |iopt! timt he niiLjUE bi: allc^^eLL lo e-\^i;uti^, ^t hi^ E>^h~n 
Ubt*r .irid er^pt^n"^, a rtuinTiment tolht^ " Divine 1*olL" He ii'iis sc^nt lo I'hjrence 
L&supccintund tfLu bndtlina of i|l4* t:^^^l^ui] of ShIu Lorcn/0 nnd die L^^Miipielion oE 
&in[3 Cnicr ; L^ut he iflaTf:r<:d ^viib ihe |Kipc on the c^bnie^ of the nn^rblen []UJr- 
retkd with iIl^ on]eiqls, ;nlU SearcL'ly anyiLnng wn^ bLecorn[iii_sJjtd. CLcnif^nL \^IL, 
nnLither Medici, iTa^ eluccn-d i^ojw hi 1535. Ht: bad toncieived tbt: idea of etmse- 
eratin^ a eh^pel in the ^hureb i>f Siui Lortnao, to rectivtj tbt toaiih^i of IlI:^ anecia- 
totsand fclacioi>^ nuid hvliiuli slionUl h^; adorned wtth all die 5j}Ecndor of nrt 
Mkb^l Anj^eLt^ plimnud jeihI Imili i.ltcj ehapLi, n]3d (or i[i± inteHor diZE^orutEDn dc^ 
siyued and ez^euuted six nf bis preftUX works in scLilpLure. 

Wbile Michatl Anynjlo ivti^ en^.h[,^-d in ilie^ works his progrc=n:fi was inttf* 



t-'i_i. 



MICHAEL ANCtKLO :ilB 

rupu-d by cvcnfs svliich Ihrc^v all ll;\\y into L-cnmitiLlon. Ronu- ^i^ns tuken and 

wi(;kcJ bv lliL! CoLh-^taMt de IJourlic^ii in 35^7^ Tht Mt^lki ivcri^ ycitii^ iiitprc: es- 
latltciJ fLoni I'laLLiiL*: ; and Mlt:ki*:l Aiiyi.lfN. in iht miJ^it of tlKfl: stranj^^c vinis- 
Htuclc^ Wis-n LrtipbN ud liy tiji: ru[3uljiic ro fc^rltly liis naltvu <:ity agnlni^t his fonin^r 
pztLroch^ Grtvil lis JiTi iJugiLiccr, fti> li] tvcry otlicrr Jcp^irtnicnt oF urt ;liwI -^ietic^v 
he ilofcLitlctl l1o!^nce foi nicit: mcmtli.. At Icnj^th |hc ^ky wis yivcct ll^ by 
trcacliLTyr cii^J^ iL^:iri«^ tl^t; VL^n^niiuc of ll^t C0]H|Ui^i-ors, xMicliai:! Angvltj (li^d ;*nL| 
Wna-^lod himself; l>Lit Qcmi^nt VH. \tM too st:ii-^ljlc of his mcrji tc^ ijllo^v liim 
to r^imain ioci-; In di^f^iLU anJ cxllt iTc ^v^s prduntd, and conticiiicd ever 
sft^n^^ml [i] Ul^h f^vor%N--ith jhciiopc, ^n^Iks ttnpWtl lilmon the; ecuIj Hurts in th& 
ch^nK^ qT San LotE;ii-lo Jut-ing tht: fizmaiaider t>f hi^ |>onLtJiH:.Ut. 

Ill iho vcflr 15J1 h^ IilLiI uompktiaJ the Mfitucs of ^*NiEliL :^nd Morning/' und 
CluitK-Mt^ wlio liiMrd of liis icict:s%aiit ialior^n, m:ii| him li brii^l *.^sn]iin tiding hin% 
AM /rr/;j y r-t'rtJi.wwjf ^j/ftr//i??j, to Mtc c.irL- of Ills ilLM]th^ Eind not to jKccpt of any 
otliur wf^^l; hut lint whkh his I loliiiww is-id iii^ipncil him. 

Cknu-iu Vll. M-as suctctilt^d by Pope Pjnl lll,^ of tlit Parnt^ faiiiilv, in 
1334, This popr, lh^>UEli iSL^arly seventy ^i^hi-n hi: ^vjis i?!uc:tcd, v^a^ n*i nii-\irtLL^ 10 
hnniort.Lh.:e hlis n^tuc by grtrm untltrUkin-,^ as vrny of !ii^ pr<i[ifi:(^^son^ hud bo^on. 
Iji^ 1ic\T \visfi xT^s to ™in|jlot*i tht decoration of [i^t interior af th^ Sibline 
Oh^ljul, kft unlintihi^d by Julius II. nnd L^^o X. Hn s^ummonc^L MlcUicI An- 
t*rlo, who mdi:^vorLH[ to ^\i:u\\^ Itlaiii^lf. pkadins othur inpagt-Fflt^uts ; but the 
]K»|]c xi'ould listen to no uvtiU'^c.'i whleli iMtCrfj:rcd ti'iOt hi}i so^'ci^i^^n [jovvtr to 
di^^^lv4± ill othc r olih^AiIoiis ; and thui tlu: anist found Idinsoir^ nftcr flii int^^rval 
of Li^-tnty years, tnoit tduut^nltlj* foh.4:d lonhiindon scwlpuirc for ]».iintin^; and^ 
as Vas^n i;-vpfi]sse3 it^ he eon&jiittd 10 serve Popt: I'^ul only bocaiisu be f^fl/rf 

not ^o othcnvisCi 

1'he ffliUL- Pope Paicl TiL li.fcd in lli*." meantime eonscmelt^ a hi:aiitifnl 
eliapel, xviskh ivas eillud nFter Iti-a tianie tlic ehapel P^^r/ijfti^ and dedieitcd to St. 
PetL-r and St, Prtul. Michael .\ngelo UMS call^-d upon to de^igci the decc^ntiona. 
He |>aint€;d Oil OiiLr side l]ie '' C;oiiiiirftLon of St. Paiil^" and On the Qtlur the 
'■Cruc:ilt\[Qit of Sir Peter," ^vhi4:h were eompleled in 1549^ But these line pniint- 
]i^^^of whith EisiMinaoldengTavine&Kix^e abetter idea than the Uaekmtd and 
fnide^ remriin-5 of ihe- ofi^inal fiTMiO^i— wcro from the ftj-it ill-dti?|JOsi^d as to the 
bLalith", jnd hiidk lighted, and at prcwnt theye.sdtu liUk interew Cum]>nred 
with tlie ]nore Enmous ^vorki in tht; Sistinc:, 

^Vith ihL rte^eos in tlie Pauline Chapel ends Michael AngeJo'^ career ns a 
|}ainter. lie had been apj^oinled ehief architect of St. J^lt^r"*^ In 1547^ by Paul 
111. He wa?i ihi-n tn his siLV^nty-setjond year, :nid dnrtng the r^infiindLf of his 
?[[-_, a iK-riod of sij^teen ytarSn tvc- riniL lfci]n xvholly devoted (0 strchlteetLhre. l"Ms 
;^^t and ciarini; gc^nins fEnding ample ^o]?e in the contpli^tion of St. Pellet's, bt 
ha,=i left behind hiin \\\ hh eapaclfy of atchitt!c[ yet greater niirvi^hi than he has 
aeKieved as painter and jicidptorn Who that has seen the Liipola of Str Peftr's 
soaring tnfO thi^ -^kles, but will think ahnosl with a^"e of the univenal and m&^ 
jeitle intdleetof the man who reared it t 



=•-:>- 



SSO AUTISTS AND ALTirORS 

It :ifh|K:fi[s from ihc oviifudi^L- ••{ i.-nii{oiii|iumR- wrileis, l1i:H jn tu-; l.ist ytais 
of his fifj' [In- icfcnniv|rrlcr<l worth :iiii| gofiiLs of JJitlT.urt Anyiilu, Jijii ihJdC' 
sf)]VJd rJiiif, inil h3'i niililrnilsln^El in(t^liy. cnmltiiKEl wlih hip^ ^rncralk .4^ nuil 
llu; hatiF-txiitt---^'' :mH rr'^Tvi- nf lil^ (lH;]Kiiln»:iii iij invt-'l liini "-l|li n fun at 
tHiiiLcly dignity. ]l ;■: r. .■.i,l..l eIihi, wln^n In- w:iiU'J tm l'(k|K' Julius |||„ to n.- 
ctivf; Iki? ^£jmmni[|-<, [lie pc.milT lo^- on Uk jippr^icli, <tiiUi3 hljn, in sp3i<^ [>E his 
cswiWh'. on Ilk rrj.Ji[ li.inO, iiiirl wliilL' ii cn.iT'J of tiinliiml:^ jiruhiicy, an<l iiml«L^^a. 
itnrs. wre hJniifiing ru^nd ^1 ]iMini>lL' iliTnin;!'. Ciicriiil uii trie tijofn-rPiiLf ?s I'qujI 
M vi|iiiil. Wlien (lie Grjnd Uukc Coimo ii.ts in Kohil, jrr ijfio, Jiu vl^iud 
Mii^h:!.'] /^nyLlo, ii]ii:^^'<:TCLl in Ikis fut^jicv, iinil iEiKxl i^iili liii^ liiir in liig Imui 
while ^pciiLinc rn liim ; Uui fmm ilic liciic wiim Ik rniidL' him^i-K ilic: ivmnt of 
FluTcuM lit' nuivT tuiild pef^ujili: Micli:!^] Aiiydo lo visit, iri'tn for ^ il:iy, his 
iiativu city. 

The .ifroirincc im|nite<i to .\t[i;li.iil AiiyL-lo httiis rartitr to have .iii^n frocii 
LI ti.jif.'jinn fnrotin^rs ilinn ftoiii im- ri^-cnrcciiiiii; £>|iiiii(ni of liJruHiTf. TI4.- w.ia 
tnn fiioLifi ni l]c iTiin. [J(^ hnj j.l.itt'J Iuk vtmdnrd of juTfrtiion ?,a liij=h, ilirci lo 
tho Ui^i hojrof iii^Jiff^ he; tonwJnLd lii]iiM:|F ns M riling .ifUT ilnir id[;:il excel- 
lence w'hith hull l4.'CLi TnixMltd 10 lilni, Imi 10 v^'Jilch lie co]|L(:Lv.;d ilni nilic;Ts 
w-:rc Ijlind or iiidiffrrf-iii. In Qllusion Ut Ids m-n ini]>LT(TX[iu]is. Iii; m^il,: ,1 drjw- 
wy, flntf IccoiiiiT [iiniDU?, whicli ttiiT-jiViii'' mil .1-, d man in a Jio-tirt, mid uiidiT- 
nt^lfi ilii: wurds '-.linora im/"irv" (■.[ill l.^iciiii;^-^, 

Ik- co[itmiii:d 10 Infpor iiiuciniHintHy, and wiili iIil: -anie rt«.>liHi; hiwt-^ i>l 
miiul and fujipu^i:, rill ciic ^irnduid d^jyofhis siTcngili i<.inic<( hftn uf Jlisap- 
p^oacl^ii]t> Lnri. Ik did i-nt ^iiffor ftciJTi nny jjiirriciiLnr in^hdi-, and Ms riilnJ i^.-is 
attangnnd cl^ir Lr> tlit i->iL Ilc:dii'j :l[ l^iumi, on Tcliruiitv iB jjf^j in ilic 
niTniTkUi yciir of his iigc. A ftw d.^-s before liis ilcnili hi: dici[ii,:d lii'i iviil in 
those ftw ^iinp,!:; words; "I tie-nKMrli my snut \i. God, mv Ifpdv 10 iln^ LTirtli 
and my |iDi«cs<Ton^ to luy noiicost ifLiilan^" His ii,;|,Ikm'. L.^i^iLinJ,, LSiioiur- 
toil, who Win Ins pii[ici[j,il heir, hv ihc orJcrs of iIk Grand Uidcc; Co>iiio luil hi? 
rcmM,i ftKttfiy ton^-iyud out of Rome niiil brou^rhi lo FJorcn^x ■ [ln^y wc-c 
mch due honors di:p.>^iied hi ihc ^huteJj of Snnln Crft.4:, und^r n ca.lh' nionif- 
niunt, on vIulIi \n- m^y ^i: Ei<s iioliji: biisi: surmimded ^^■ ihm! i-cti- i^iinnnn^ 
pl:ice and ilUt^ciUcJ sEiitiK'^ itprtinriiLine the iii? in which he cxcelkd— P^iiiit- 
ing, i>:id|Kur,:, and Atclmceiutu. Tiitjv nijeht liiivc ndded P^y^-h-v. for Mkhjicl 
A]iE^lfj ^Tis ^o fine n po„i ih.ii iiL^ pnMCuciioi^s ^voidd !i,iv^ given him faiiic 
t lot.gh liv hn.I iK-v.r jieopli^ the Si^in^r »'iil> hispiinl cR^lirm^ nor "su'^ncnded 
the \>-^^,th^:m\ 111 the nit.' fh. i>h\^: lu when, liis |ioeins ir.- diicJlv ndih^s^.d. 
\ ition:> [;cHor»ii, \Jjtt'hinnrsa iff P^^-fr^, ^.n.'^ ,Jic wid^.w of lP,o aleiir,Heil coni- 
nianikT wlio mercsin-c Fmncis I. dt ihe h^nfc of Pa.-ii ; hcts,:lf a i^cteHs nnd 
fint of Ehe rio*L eLlel.mUid vDmcn of L.r tiniL' lor ticaiiiy, ulents. vinue, ^..0 



i 



'--^RMAWH 6CJ|PEj:D£ft 




■'^-x 



*■■ 



^ 



w 

i 



R^VFIIAEL 



^l 




T' 



(1483-1530) 

111 solemn iiiKl silcnl ^i^tcu of Lent Itad pnj=5td 
nirjy; find- t^n Lhc sc^^ntL vvciiii^^ or Lhc jojhil 
EasUT^ ^ liOLit ^Viis seen brijjluly illiitniiiitud \\\ cn]<j oi 
[lnj sm-tTS of Ui'hiiiu. It ^^^■ls L:VHl^-^^1- ili^it a Icj^in^J 
vcds held ihiifu on sonic btippy (^ccn-'^iufi- T!io soimtl of 
niLt^ic; ^I'J:^ litartin lkhI g'uoK aflcr ^'u*-"^[ enttrtil iht inan- 
ition. Nu oiic^ ho^vtvtr, ii-^s more cnrdiiiliy wtlcomtd 
Lliihii Vii'UO l^TLtgifitj, the fcllow-iiyU^^LU of Lcroiiardo 
dii \jnci, iiL tliLi si;hi}Dl of the guoJ ylU Aiidrea Vtroc* 
cliio. 

Tor a mumcnt, priiCT^l gb}^ly \v^' siis]imiikd iil 
honor o( ilie i^LLt5,L He ^^ns eot^sitlLrtd at ih^iL limt; one 
flf the prt\Yi.<:-it paintLTS of the sij^t; 5iid ilni liosr, Giovsinni di EnnKiOn iboti^b 
hlin^ir only LLUikin?:: m the so^nd or lliiid oititr of liimii^r^ kntnv well hf^w to 
pnzc the ThIic tnlcnts ot his visitor- 

TliL^ wife of tiioviEUiii cjtme tor^arck- li-Tiding hor mn Rapliael. Perujiino hftd 
ihi; eix of Jtu u^ti^t: he ^MKcd i^itm^ tficmothur and ,^il v^'tiJt L-nthii-^laslic ftdinpi 
lUu stnl^iiiE fi^sc^mhliniJL^ they horc EO e;tcli oihtr. So c;ti|uislti:ly mc^dulatt-d by 
ytars puJ !>eJt ^^^sis indLciJ a j^iudy for ihK [jiinutL: eopyivt uf n^iturc. 

" HcuvtrnLiLo, Me5itT Pcnijiino/ -snid tlic lioste-^ v jch her soft musical ^ce 
and -i-jecfiil liLd],iii nccent. and she pljic<ril the \v.md of her hoy in thni <>f the 
artijiL tiuuly Jiij laid the otht^ron [hi^ huad of [ht youLhful iin|>hncl, mid iii a 
folemn ^rid lender manner prontumirtid J Ijentdiccion. 

*' Voui" blusihij^' is well tiniizil, tny honored tricntl/ said Cio^-annip "ourfcsti* 
Val isgivi^Li to eelehmte the hirihtts^' of our sonn" 
"Is this his hirtlid^y?" inquired PerjHino. 

"Not sOh" replied the ftll^ler^ "ht wns bom oti ,\]m} 7th, the evening of ffrW 
j^r^l/ri/. and it well b-jfit^ uji to he ^av on the joyful IL^ister thnt ^^ueeeid^ k" 

^' Mv friend," siid PcruKii^Oi " i' thou ^ilt cntrns: lliy boy to niy enTL-, I hHI 
take htan a-^ tiiy pupll/^ 

Tb\z f.kihuL" iii-Ledecj h.vich Jeli^lit to thi'i proiw^l. When the mother hecaine 
jicquilntijd whU the JirranKt.tiie]U, Am\ fiiund thai her son \\*^ lo ^[uit his paternal 
dwe[]ing at the early age uf twelve, and reside wholly with FerLipino, she could 
not restrain her te^rs. Wlih licrs tht vouni! Ujpliael's mingled, though ever and 
anon ii hi'ighi smile darted like a sunbeam atitoss his faee. 

lie lemnined ^ith Pi-rugiiiy ?e^^i:fil1 jeits. R[L|»h[iel ^% as in:ide for ^tfTuetion^ 
anil fondly did liis heart eling \i> iw In^^tfLiCToi. For i ilcsie lie was content to 



^ 



«i .-„ 



_ 



SH ARTrSTS AND AUTHORS 

foUoxv hli m^untr ^ but at U^v^ih he licg^xo to Jwell upon hh ^vm iH^^iti nlt-il ; Lg 
grew iui[j^ititnt ol itnilatjan, aiiJ f-:lc ihit hi^ jityfs ii\ts dcliu'k-iit In frtslisiiiss iiiid 
^aigmAtkyH Uii loiij^t^ t^^ pas^ the n:l^TC^^v brjutids tn wlikh hli iiii^jriiioii IlV 

With iKe approhalion oi Pcnigino and tlic coiiscnL uf h]=> parents^ he rcjj:iiT-cd 
to Sicnii; liert: fit ^vja solictlcd^to nilyri^ Lin. public Ubrary with froscop and 
p:i[nti:f[ there hvitli Jittnt iuojtw. Hut. wliilti Isir was busily Lugascd, liis fritnd, 
Pint^irHcliiciH nut; ilny oiiLLircd. Afu^r louUicifr at his 1]lLiiirs work %ciy mttii- 
tjvt^ly, " tSc.iVo ! '' ht''ciKcliiiiin;5l, ''iliou ha^c done well, my Rfi|>hai;3— hut 1 hnve 
just rtiurnt^d ir^^m l-lorenct— ^jh, ^voulil tlkLit ttiou muld;.! Lchultl il]c^^ork'^ ot 
Lc[]njrdo dih \"irn:i I Su4;h li&r^^ ! th^y pjiiv ihc gi^utid .inti ilinhc the Ie>-^iii 
from tlicsr iri.iiii^s. OK^ iiiy p^Kjr kLiph.uM ihait hjst iievtr scci] nniinc ; thou 
fitt waslins tifTLCon thvsc clii( 0011=7. Pt]ugEiia iJi si f^LjOil man and a good pj^iiucri 
1 ^viJI not deny that— Lut Lconrti^b'j^ ijonscs ] " 

Kaph^iel tlire^v a-sidc liis fifflijil jluI haatily lOSfc 

*^\VfiLTi^ now?''askjjd lu^ friuiul; '^whither ft^t ihoii going so hastily?*' 

"Tf> Morciicc^^'cAclsthii^^l krtph.it^l. 

" ^Vnd vi^hJt carries yuii --n ■-u^ld-_n]\ ?' 

^'Tl3c hor-ies of l.i uii.iiJo. " f4jpli^iil the youug aitisl, s]>D]tivcly ; "scriau^^j, 
hou'e^'cr, the desire <n" e\et:ll(?iiec tn^phinti^d in iny souL" 

WJuni he arrivenl at l-lofenix: lie mu^ clii^ttnLil with the appcarancv of tht; 
city ; hut his whalv minJ ^v.ts abwflicjd in tht works af LtcniLinlo tla \*inci i^ud 
of MLL:liaul Angdo, l-hc rii'al nrtlst^ of t!fce fl^^^ *'^ l^^ ^^^J" ^"^^s lo l>i; ihort, he 
did not tnt^r upon kahonou^ occcipaLion^ Hig inorni]>^ wcii3 ]iasstd in the rev* 
erics of hii= nrt ; hiji e^'enings in [ht g^ty and bwin.itiiig soeitrLy of |-lorcnc4!, 
where iho (isnie of ^*ertJ;,^fno^ hLlovtd pupil h.ul Jilr^^^idy rLMched. Tiie EreS<-iJS at 
Sien.i \vcrc Tipoken of ; aaid [!][: Lje^iutilul eountLiirLnoG iind gnicefiil dcporLiucnt 
of l^phftel ivon 3iim Ihe Irlundshij^ o( distii^puliihud men, 1\idd4.o 'laddui, the 
learned friend of Ciinlinal Ik^n^ho, solicited him to reside ill liis hoii^: ; fie ^o}\- 
sontf-d, and in relurn for the uourte-^y painted for him two ptcLuJ"es, in m hit is 

ealli:d liis hr^t t^tyk\ that uf Puni^ino. 

One eVL-rtinK ht i<^ttred to his ci^neh i^l a lite hour He hid been the iieio o[ 
a/^/^Tp and love and Ipuaiuy had lieedk^sly sc.uitrud tlioir Ifowi^js in tfie p^ith -J 
tht^ iii'in;^ Adunii In vMi'n lie j^nglit 51 few- h<Hir^ nE .h^lurnbLT. lie lud qnalTi^d 
the juice of the grup^H^ i-mplyhiir ^oMet itftcr jrollcu till his beating pulse ixnd 
throhhangr^^mpl^^ refu^c<l to hLctuiete<L Tic sE:irled from hi^ eoueh nnd u|)- 
proiidiud the latLic-e ^ the hi^a^enshad changed their aj^pc-tt^ ilic still ^renity oL 
the evening find pa^i^d awaVt =intl tlie cloudy wi^re hLn'rj'in;^ t^ve^ lliu |Jrtlt :tnd 
w.ii^T^' i]>f>in. Nuthini!^ w-is hc^inl but tlii; Ioa" slj:hliiu^ 0I the wiiiflp Jind now 
^nd Thun n ,^udden i^u*;! swtpt thtough I he lactice+at^d ihrtatcncd t^ ej^tin^ish 
thu taj>er whieh wa-o hiiming dimly on the table- A sli^lit noise made him tuan 
hist^cE^ tlnd he i>L^4:ci\'td a note ifi^t the\vind had dl^plac^d. Hi: h;t^t!ly took 
H u|>- U W[|s Perugiiio's hnndwrilitig^ tie cut thei^iLkun cord tln^f fn--^ieiiiLd at, 
and rend : 



RAI^IIAEL 



" Or IH4: my hcrbvfJ R-hT.ll'Ho, di^'olvcs ihe Task of infomin-; vnu at ihe 
ei'LTiia •yhich 1i,ilh: uk^ii pl^iw :ii Lrbina Mjy ilii^ Ichit find voii pTi^j^iirud l^ir 
olUlit cii.iii^iollife; a w'tsc m^n will nticr suffer hinipvlf m In i.il.'n Ij)' uir- 
irti'^; ilil^ Hiruc ii1illuso|ihy, niiJ Llic "fi/i piiiL-saphy iliiii <-j[( ^un'; ii^T An 
e[)iclc'mic \\^ pi^^^aikd .1 Crbliiu, and liiis <:ii[^:[clI vonr paiLrniil dwelling, Need 
j 5,1^' inon! ? Cuiiif: lo mi, my so]i. si I'^mgb* for I iini ilii^ only piircnt lliat rc- 

A-s li<^ liJi'iily ;ir*>sc, a cruclliA i^hich his iiioMiiT h^J suflpeisilcd [n his iici:k at 
pLirrinji, fell fiunl lik L)ot-ui". Hi'vn lln: ^ymliol^ o[ nLJgi^n an: sacicJ when.- ilie 
IMiv'EJciiii.'ipk Irn^ lituii ciirlv iinpljnii^d iii iLiu htjtt. I!e prc^til ii lo hi? ii|s: 
"Ah!"ilii>nj!hr h<^H'^«hali«ilu;///'Vw^/'Jl'of IVu^ino. cciiup^ircil [i> thcy^'V* 
nEivhlJiihip^'isihe umlikm?" III!^ ihim^'lns wciHt b,icl< tu Infjiicy nml cinld- 
Ktujii^ :Lnd hi-iK"'!'' =i>i'' r'^i"''rsc h^'-'^' '^-'^ inti^ustr U-; <l"'^l' ■»" the 'liii^j' and 
cnilurir]^ lavt uf Ins [i^ii-ciis: ii!l in: ^rlt ii'i^urci! dcviih L-tniU not L-:{Lii>guibh il, and 
IIi;li Jil' ^linuld Hi:£; ilnjni aRiiin in i" liriRhur splitre. 

Wlicii mntnin^r tiifiii' li found l<.>|>b^cl tJlni and '.nmiJo^cd : llic Imcs of crief 
and Elmusimrtri: di;i:]>ly lu^ikcd nii tiK.^ontliful [;n^<: ; Imr [In-MvliirLwind and [lie 
?[otiif lud i^a^^d. [ii-Mnot: Icivc uf his frie]ids. nnd JiJiH:iicd to J'tiu^jiui^ wiio 
riicci^ud him niili ilic; (nndni-'W of n iimv-nL 

Here IJL' remained sume lime, and ni Irniiih cullccwd 5"Hi,;lcii[ rfrsolu- 
[inn to return to L'rbinu, nnd once moic tnicr ilic niousion of hia di^oLiied 

liumi:. 

It H*i nect5siTy for him lo ii^iuti: jt lit'i niiivi- |tl^i.v furvi numlur of months 
During [h:ii linu- h< jjiiiotcd sevcnil fini^ ]>ie[utfti. Hi^ liLiirt. hctHVLcr, ytarniil 
fcir l-lorencLv and hf n:|uriirtl lo Ir on^i' iiiott wiih ihe dcurnninHiiioii ol making 

ii his lionic. Wjih fat dilTtirvni *;eniiiions ilid lie u sccniid lirm: cnin ilii- ciiy nf 
\v^x\x\K\ Tlii^ [r^lin.!W of In^ g^y'^tj ^v-i: blrghud ; Itsons nf tiiiildy di?-b|>iJi-int- 
ni^-iii tttn. ever prL^cni lo his mind, am! ii^ reiumwl \m it wJih rliu ruaulnlc pur- 
on* of dctoiinj! hfinsulf lu &iri»u? (jccih]>ari[>n- ,.,.,.. 

How will liL- fuLlilli^d iliif, rosoluiion ?ll ItJily »n hc;ir wi(iic?^. rmm thi? 
riiUL' fn^ adopled w'h^iE lim hcen t^ilLud III'. »r,'"^ wj!J"J,-r. [k- |>ainKa fcit jliu 
Uukc of Lrhino Hn; hiiautirul jULinn.' of tlie SjvIout ni sunnse, ivitEi ilit nKiniing 
|i£li[ tasi fjv^^r a/jLc r(.flpknd,'ni wiEli divinlry; ibc lloHtrni gliiuring wiHi dcrf, 
!!]« TWO dis:ii>le4 Ih^vond, srill buriLd in i\\y^\\'^t. ai ilic linic ivlun ilit S^iii-ur 
luni^ his eyis upon iJicnuvhh ihat under nnd !=i>n.)wful cxdmnaiii'", "C^mldye 

nfjl w'lleli urn; hour ?" 

If jpli.iel enriclied ihc tin- of Florence ^^itli Ins works. When astcd what 
hajl ^up^'^iEed inme of the ln^aniifnl eoinhin^iiirnis of hi^ i^jiniingis liejiuld^ "They 
cann-lo me in niv5lcq>," Al nilier times hf callijd iht'ni "visi^>ii«i" aiid ilien 
iiiijln Sidd [lnv^ver^^ ihe nsuli nf "unLiieiij idia elhemi viene iilU nxnie." li 
WIS ihi? jtoweV "i dt.u^in^ lioin ihc d^Lp wells of his (n^n mind ilijt gave such 
eii:ir.LCLHsr, otiginaliiy, and licshncs. lo hi*; woilis W^ fonnd Miai puwer within 
\^hieh ?o niiinv ^ei'k. ami fiLili in Vilin, wiliH^nl- 

Al rhc igL of twenly-iiii: Itiplntl wa5 ^ifmintmud by tile r")]>c lo psimi ihe 








>-'-t: 



EH ARTFSrS AND AUTflOJ^S 

ch.,mWis of Aire Viiticiii. TJ,c fnrno.,. fr^^« ^f [h^ Vnrforn n.ed nckJi^r «.nu- 
niLniiiun [ior d[;i,;ri|*Mifn : th:: wutkl is ihdr JuJ^l- imil ihuir tulugi^x 

lhei]nii;hallowi:aiT>HiK'n^xo(rhL. ficjti r^iv^ iiiL.^pii^r.Pifltk'di.irm lo C'or]vi!"iD's, 
flflcr^vard. Oiii: or K.viAkilW f-3c,uli s;»,l lo him. in lo^tijit' Lf.orj pjirik.rjflr fir- 
iircsm fii'iyrojpsH " V uu hqve ii,msrrin<:d [[i jjoi^iuitv juui dwji Ijkuijcs," 

"Sue you noihrnr; lurymid [hai?" n-|jliid,| ilicnrc&i. 

■; ^ =';^^/'^i'l IJ^ '^iiic. "the: (kt-p-L-luL! c;j,i, and iht lc-n;j, fnir h.iir p.Tt.-d on 

■■ OlttL-tV!;," iiid RnpliJcL ■ til,: f4:rniiiiiie solinjjis of <:.'(|nt^ion, ihc hejmilul 
han»or,v of [LouH^^ aticl f^^diiig. \\L,„ I tul^c my p.^nul for |,i;.t, aiiJ nolile 
piiriKj!«¥, [he ^pinc of my munhur iiavcn owx mc. Ii i- \,l-< ,.QUincniintt not 
mj' oirn, of "JiilN you trrtCL the itftzurlffjric,:." 

This tKjjic^itm is nK^^ij^ ohwi^afJc in his M.idoiiiu^. U\s irtirtrsiii? of iho 
Fon>ar,'^a urc wid-^ly dilT^i<nL. R^pf.iivl, i,. I». i^„i and n.0,1 L^,..l]ti.. .i.le 
unin.'d ivhiii wjs cnit.^f,d :ind r^<|iLisiic in Lfoii.irdL, mih ilic siiMimc ;iiid iiolile 
mumiL^rofMichiLj An^!o. J. i^ Jff^ |>n^.iJ,gr! .■ndg^>,vof (.eniiis rojiM|,rn,nia|c 
to iisiiJI uhHiiuv.r 1^ i.ol)l« Ji.d trii.. liic ic^lou or ihoiight j.^ ilins i,v,d<; i, com* 

moil Rruund for :M. m^d 011^ nuslcr aUl^d !*^™»,cs a rui^r^oji for rljv umsciit 
and future niiiiji " 

WJuri ILiphnol u'^^ fiiviteir io Rome In- Poptr Jufius I].. Michn^f Aii5!l'Iu% ^^tik 
at iJii: hcit'fn of 1,1^ [rlcry ; jm cJiiimcu-r kirdcd ru in'i|>ii-H^ -mn rjihcr ifiLni .iffn-c- 
(lon ; lie doliKht-^! li. ilit ni:iJiMi4: i,nd ih.: icrilU,^. Jn LoldiK-^ of coiicc'inion 
ond i-'--'"d.'L» of drtiHEi, lie airfja^d L^fflnirtdo, i>di n-^vcr c<m\d rc^h tlic iiv,xt- 
n.'Kand ^-c'liik-nt.s of his figiirt-^ H^tii hf^; tlfil<|i,:i, I,,., soiiit-tliim (.f iJi^ir in- 
Ijiiit.ne bcduiy, :inU io^jk rniunn, - hU.vom,:,, nrccikfuinji.dlnirfliiJ lofiy ; J,i, .^.-n 
oU^ff- nil L^ litqjdrt ions. His p;iiiuiiig, lifct hl^ ^tiiJplu.L^, i^rtmiiik^Wc for L,n:V 
ioniii.Ji c\:iLine^, nnd n^rftci tNj.r<-.^on of iht inii!«;|!bi. For this union nf 
in,ir.'n,ric:Lrici qlk^ MiMimity, it wna ,i^a.-i^iy to |>tu'p:in: tJio mind ; [h.- lir>t v[ui7 
w^^ ,ili„u^ hiii^^h. -i,Hl it «a^ l,y de^..-,:. th^t i».. n.i^hiv woifcs ^ro^luc^'d th(^ir ,lo- 
s.^,>cd cfl^-OL |^]>h.,d, «'|,ik^ |,t f.l, :i|| Ihc er^;,(nrB of tl,,: E'l-^rcnii ik" con. 
c<:iv.d th^L ihcTc ifli^^ir he something ninr.; IJk,.-njLii,,:^(nii,:U>i„g Uiiit ^JiDuld Le 
harmonjon?, fiii'^^.c, rnid Unhving — (hnr sfmuj,! coiiit^' iKt id^^j uf iin.lk-^:.uai 
ijjl.tr 11,3,1 of yN,,Ti.,,l ^^i^-^iy. U'iihour yi, ]crir.g iiny of the coirecrnc^ of 
Kicnce, h<: ^.oid^l hai^lin...^ ;,rd imi.iuc^i Bnliquity i,. uniiins- pincc and dc 
)^!inccrtiiK a sinct ohj,r:r,niion of jJciLiitcaiid fkf Unj rul,:^ nE art 

h iiJ.5 wrih s,rr|iriH.' tJuj Miciiad Ang^lo Jk^Jicfi in Iho ™uifir„] Rapii-,.! a 
riijl .ni^t ; nor did 1,,. r^io:]..,.' ihh irnth m.^kly ; hv iv^-:,xvi\ h\m .vfiJi eoidncia 
and di.tji.cc [u ihL- ni,.:in,iii,L' Ki,|>haL| ii-tni on ..ich fki^ works ; he com|)l.i«i 
Lhr(rcsco^oftlic\,,Lic.m, iinil dc^ij^cd the c^ttoon^ Ik-ali^ ptoduted those 
cA-tUTarc |iaii][mg5 in or! » hich ?dcMii tli^' perrection of human art 

Human ^ircci.01. is n.Cc^sary [o ji^.-akLn rhe syn.p^iJ.y of i,nm^n bclnt^; and h 
K^phJicI, m Icjrnrnir ]io«- tO |>OTtray ii, h,ul found iIk' ii'av to the hcaiL ]., mere 
gtflndour £.[ invcniioi. iic w^ snirwLss.-d !>,■ Mid.id AngJki Titian rxcclk-,! him 



b_*^ 



1 



RAI'Ji.M-L 325 



ill colon 11^, J ml Coirtf^lo [n iht Iwauiiful ynidflijon of imc : but ]<u[iliad km;,, 

haw Eo p.iiiii the soul ; in this h,^ hpckI almii,\ Thi« WhIS itic givac sccivt of a 
]iuwiT whidi s,:cnn;il La ojK'niic like mo^rjc, Jn hi< [uimin^s l]i,jtL lii soniuihinff 
whicli iiijki;s iif-i!,ir on (he cliurJ^ ;i ^-vi^ry h,ytt ; loi ilicy jirc Lln: cxprt^slon of 
a inmJ :liiuiilJ io riiiiiiVH an J fmii .msutiiiij; simp^iiliiLS in die uimiTflii nmJ. 

While -Michncl AtiecIo w-is esjl[i'<i ivitli rli*: lipic jET.indiiir of hi^oim DmiEi^ 
Riij.hi.jl iin^it-nri^d ilit- niuii ruiij.ln;d -ttncs cf ilr.ininilL life, nin[ ini^hi l)<^ cam- 
partiJ lo iliL' jmniotuL tiliiihusitdrr^— sutiu^ [,( sjkiiiiuji W.\aiy, of dcvoifuji imd 
oEji-TSLorjl siniitlicky, yti iimiinK ;i da^iiic: di'^jiicn. wlildi ilic pod J^ic-s iiuc' po5- 
£ea& BufluacroLi iv^ the wonder of Ii^Ivh jud Uu|jhn:l tuTann? ii.% iJol. 

Julius ^hxiii'io miKlivin.-luiiciii uiMi his p]»iiim^in the IijIJ* ui Ehc Vniiinn, 
Ihiit liij or^rc-jL ilii- ivi:v:os of furmtT nriUisia IilmIc^uditwI. Aiiiung ihcin ivcrc 
soiiiL- i'i I'erupinrjs, bji Liij-li.itt woiiJJ nfii suiTci iIh^l- rn Ipit icinincij fur l>i5 
own: lie vicivcl ihcm ^s die rtlks d si bdoixil jnd iujiiOr!;il frleiu! and ijicy 
Wfrii LMU'CCruLi.il liy ipnilL-r jnJ graii-fu! feetinRii 

R.i|ili:u:1 coH^ictod fcum e.VTj' jiin of [he woriii ini:clilliaiis uf imaglios jud 
aciEiijiii-s III ii^iiisi ]ii]ii iji his de^Jeni He laved ijdtndor miJ nomivfjljiy, and 
gnvt ofrLin.-!: ihcn'l'v Eo ilie jiyUi iiiid niisiKt. 



wiiiisi 11,11111 wr uniic ii.id uikTi:^ uj liiin. J'f:rcni|>iijrilv' lo rtjcuT [ii[^ |>roii(t,h;ii 
of iticc.irdiii.Ll^^iihoiii giving itlTcncc woulJ havclf,:eii imfiUs^ilplL, ;iijj R.iplmcl 
WU! too gcnlle m his divji kL-lJn^ volumaiiJ^' lo injure iiimiliL-r's i Luii he was 
noi line n> aun-hiee his tilTctiiLinTi lo ^inibiiion. 

^S'ham-cr «trt the ifrupj^ln of lik lie:irt. ihry H'eiv early lcr]niiinn:d 
AmiJ [he tJiftF^e^ of ihc ^rej,, iho' fond .ind JcvoLid fri^ndslij|i »t hi^ L'qmds, 
the eniliUfliLsiii: loi'i; of lii^ pupilH, i[ie a.iulniion of his ;iirerio«, i^hilc cjvmmjd 
wirh 'vcalEh, fjuiL', .md honor, and itgatdLtL m iIh: -:,jufl] of [he hiihertu ui^jtcii 
Btiki In rhc vmdd. he wai ^mUtnlv tiilled jiwjv. He ditil on C;oQd i-ridav [he 
day of his biriliH Jiiihc apeof rliiity-NtreiiH 15:0. 

Wc aiv soiiieiliiies ini|iro^a:d wiili vi^ncmtion whtn ilmse ivTio Ji.ive ev<:n 
dnink iht cup of life nlmoM if. its circ;^ re^iRu it wiili rL^ynmion ^nil L-fiiiMi.m 
f^iif]. Hut R.ipli.n^] liihnlyiTid Urnily rrtipiU'd ii ,vhon it ^v?;, lull n, ifi,. injni. 

Llhj X. nnd t':Lnlinal Ililp;:ino went liy his htid^iiie. T[,t: sjblljne piciure of 
liic ■'Tr^u^ligllJalill^," rhv lni,T nnd gtciiie^t w Iddi he p.ilurcd. w-n^ |i;jccil fl|P|io- 
liite [0 him. hy his o^vudc^iiy;. n<nviiii|ht(-^HVe hiilm have h«.ii ihe ^ci^u,: r n.^ 
d'lLi.^.yLEuiucd Iroinihe cmcifis he held in hi^ liaiid lo ihtglt^ry of ihe be.,u- 

LJis coiirempoiarie? ^tp^^k of liim ns iiffeL-rkm^iic, di?ii.ierc&Ecd modcii and 

sincere; enc^mni-iii- fiiinihle mcrli, and fn.tly j^Wmi- h[i pdvic,: and a^islance 
where it was needed nnd dc^caied. 



14 



■^■^'^ m 



■ Ih 



ssa 



AKTLSri AND AUTllUifS 



TITIAN 




T' 



^iTiAS' w[is hnrti in ttic vcar 14^10. at Ca- 

from flit loflt nf rhi: Alji-i : lie UcluLiytd Ie> the 
fLimily uf tlii: W-ti^Ui, ^vUiL-l! k -Liiiong thi: most 
tlol^^c of lhr>^t jBirt-i GivJUL^ <r^riy pruaE of 
rnui^lt iiKtllEi;i;nteH ]itr ivhT,s itnt at th^ -igt of 
Jen 10 jin ui^do; in ^^cnsizt; im LiEjiionilak ^jitL^i^, 
M^Ti, ik."inn(i lIiu boy lu inj mucla i[]t^4iiK-c| lu 
iiO-.iUrtgp |>la4:t^il liim ^'llli llit E;:^tcllciXL |>;iint- 
cTy (jiOfl liilliLio, then vtrj" fs^ni^ui Uiitltr hi? 
cntc, iJii: yaitlli soon pr^i'fd hatiiiit:l/ lo !>t en* 
il(Ki^-d by n-itLire U'Mli nil th*i ijtris of juilsmenl 
iiXT^d gtnius rut|uirtyJ Ivr the rirt of |>a]niinij. 
N(>^^1 Glnn Bellino ^ntl iht^ fjllur m^tt^rs of 
ihnt touiilrv, lunt havirtg iHl- lidliit of ihlLcdyin^ 
thk-- :iriti'.nn\ %i'<-Ti-^ tiocuilonicd U^ Copy k>n]j? 

r ■ 

IvirJ, labar^L inrtnncr, \diieh Titi^^T^ ali^N ^c^Lini^d ^ Imt jibout the yrar I507^ 

<iioj^ionu Uii (JwlI Fninco, ticu hmng sLiti^fitd ivlih i.li:Lt moilt? uf pi^ce-jdih^i, 
Leg^iil Iw t^t'f i(" liis tvtTr3y> sti iin^^iantcil witTnt-t-^ ^in^i jtJlL'f, |>nhilinR: tht^m in a 
V^rV' beaullfnl mann<;r^ vcl lit: hv no inf,kn5nq!li:Cti^4l to dr:iw from t\\c liW.ot CO 
fopV' nuuifL ivitli lii^ tfilnni m clo-^]y as he tairhl ^ ^m\ in Joinp llic liittcf l^c 
Bhiirlc:J with cgldcr or w.arriKv ticils as the lining ohjocL nii^jht rictnjnj, bin wills- 
out fif^l mplEing a dr.uvln^ ; ^1n^x^ he liilU (Imt. to paint wilh tin- tioltprs onlj, 
without oni' tii-nwiii;/ 011 |xi|5c.t, ^-as llie U^SE mytli: of pi-occtUiclgk ajiil most ptr- 
fcctly in uLqiJixl with iht? true pniicij^tt^ ol dLsi^. 

Havirtj; ^cLi tliir niinmL-r of {";ior^tcinL-i Titian early tx-^nIvucI tu abjtnJi^n t!].it 
fjf Gktt Ik^llinOn alrlmn^ii \i4-H croucidcjtl tlicrdn. Ut: rtnii, ihufLfoiOH dc;voU-d 
tijnaM:1l to t]iF5 puq^nsc, aiul in .1 shurt tirnt so cliTs:'ly imjii^icd <i[nr^ifjue that his 
picliirc^wtft homctlmci* iztkcn fnif iIujsc dI th^it mn^t^r, a-^ will Ul^ tL-blJ-'d Ih-Ioiv. 
ttittt^jshi;^ in agc^, juri^mt^nL, .ind f.iLilily uf h;inrl, oiar ytmiiy arilsi extuuitrd nu 
merous worl;^ in ffcsto which cjiniot hcrjj 1m: nnmtd ir^dLviduallyn having outti <li^ 
Iwr^oJ in various pla4;ts; let it sullicc tu E^^y, th^it they wt:re siitls as EochIusc tx- 

* CiW^ VflWri fl ajnlmiporaiT c-F Tninrin fiTuI hlpncSr-ilKiinkTiirnri ftirttt miikn Wf4rtC a s*rfci nf Uti* 

Tt^n^^^ivu DM la J4G^ bjt I0 1 477, v^ i^Ec^t In 1 jt^l Rd hi'a« in r^rini[ ^i< fr^tc^ ortLi: hi'lw cvcf 
IhU- 



TrrrAs 

pL-riecicej^ men tg nnucijule the c>;ctlk-ni:*: rf^ whitli lie aflenvgrd TSttamei At 
ihti time when Ticifin bt^j^iaii tu ncjo^n cIk- mzmner of Giorpio^it:, Ij^^injjr iIilu not 
more iliun fiGhtecn, he touk tlie portmii o( a gcntli^inan &[ tiit ISzirbcrigo UmWy, 
\v3io was Iu5 frieiitln flLnl lliis i^^as ton&iJtrcd veij- l>CinLtriful, Ihc c<>toniig iiebg 
Irue.ind naturil, ni>d th*^ Itair sculi^lintlly pLimieil that each One Ccmld I^c toumed 
di nitKht ulm tl^c ^titchei ]n ,i sjittn Jouljlel, )KtliiiL-d in Lin: siTfie xiork ; ic xvas so 
well audjjacx-iiallv clone, that it ^^oyltl Nai u heL-n taken (or a picture bjGiorgione^ 
jf Titian h,td net Mriui:]! Ins naineocs the U^^k ^ruuiul. 

Gior^ionc mtanwhiL- hiid txt-cuiud ^K^l^ fa^jiJc of the Germjin Esehaii^, 
VL-hiii, liv tlie iutt;rvtrLt!*j[i of UnTlveriyo, TLtLnr wa? appoinCtil To piint L-trtain 
stories in \.]\c ^jme Imildiug jnd over iht Merceri^u AHer wlilth he c::ccLiu:d a 
pi^tLtre v'nU [cj;urtr> tlii? ^^lae of h(c, ^vhieh is now in the Hall uf Mcj^^er Andre^i 
LofcdnnoH viiio d^vdls^ neir San Matcjuoh; ibis work n;]ire*itnts ''Our L^dy^in 
her ilight irtEO EpjpL She is in the mid^E of a grc^t woolI, -n^d the InntlMrape of 
this piecure is well Jone : Titinn ha^^lnc pratiiicd that bngtith of i^rt, unJ kee]>- 
in^ ecitjirt C^rmnns ^vlio weie v^tfltenC in:Lt|trt thereinp for ^eijrjl muntlis Lo- 
getherinhis wwn Koli^. Wjihin tlicwuod hi; depicted i^anousanim^ili^ all pahitcnl 
frtim the li[e, ind so natural rifl lo sccm alniciKL alive- Ifl the hcjvse of -M<isser 
Giovanni D-^nfla, a FleiJiisli pculli;iiiaii SfiU iiiereliantn wht^ xvix*; Kla gu^^ip, he 
pftiiitaL a jHiru^dt which ai^pe.ini CO breathe, wich an '' Eccc Hotnij," eoniprising 
minienju^ fiirure-^ ^v^lich^ l^yTt^iHm himself, O-^ v^-ell sis oiliers, ii^coniidLired to be a 
vcn- pjOoJ work. The sime ftrli^ cscctited a picture of "Our Lady/' with 
other iii^ntc'S the si;:c of hfe, iflen antl ehitdren Icing nil tal^cii froin nature, and 
ptjiloliji oi per-ions belonging CO the D^]iE]a f.iinily. 

in che year 1507, \'S\\\:ij the LInt(jLrur Maxlnnlian w^*j makiti^ ^var an thf? 
Viinecians^ Tiliaji^ as he relates himself, palmed che "Angel RaijhaLl. with 
Tohic and a Dog^" in the Churdt of San ^l^ir^ilistnOr There is ji discani Innd- 
sc:i|>c in this pietLiren wherein Sjn Giovanni [lattlsta is sct^ti ot prayer in a ^^'ood ; 
hcis tooking Up to hcaveu, :tnd his face is illnniinc:d hy alight descending thunce; 
some believe cht^ pietnre to have heJin done h^fore that Oi^ the *' Exchange, oi the 
Gc]'En;nns/' mentioned alKive, was cocunienccd. Now, tl eh:cnced thac ecrEain gcn^ 
tlemen, not knowing ihac Gior^ionc no loncer worked at thi^ fai^adc^ anil thai 
Titian wa"5 doing 'It (nay, hsiJ already givt^n thrit pint OY-Lrlhc Meiceril lo pul^- 
lie vtevv*), i]^et ihe Conner, and began as trieads Co rejoiije with liim, decIsLnn^ 
thac lie was ae<iUittin;r hicns^lf betLtr on the side oi tlie -Mciecria than he Itad 
done on that of the " Gr.ind CMal;"^vh]d] remnrk tauged Giorgtone so n^uch 
T^sntJon^ th-ti lie wotilcl SLTLrccly permit luin-iclf lo \hi ^teji mitil tliu whok- work 
wTis completed, and Titian had hccoinc generally kaioivji as the j^aintcr ; aioi" iSid 
he ilieiti^efonvard hold any iutercour:.e with the Luicf and [h^jy were m loti^eT^ 

friends. 

In rhe year ijoSp Titian published a wood-cngraiing o( the "Triumph of 
Fatthi" it compiised a vait numbur ot tlfiutcs s our fn^t Rtreni^ the Pairiarchs, 
the Prophets, chc Sybil*i, che [nnocenis, the Mauyis, the ApOiiili;,^ ynd Our 5a 
\ lour Clinst botne in triurnph by the four Ei'angelists, and the four Doctors, fol- 



'V- * _ 



22S AKIISTS A^n ALTICORS 

lowiid fcjv tht hoh" ronfi-'ssin^ : litrr Titibici dispL>Lil anuiiJi In^litncsSs a fine man' 
ncij .md inij?n>ving f.iL'llllv I rt-niLniLier ttiiiL l^i.t l^isil.iiiu iIl^L P]onibt>. spt-^kiiit' 
On thif> n^l^jvci, Eijld niL- Lhit if TUiuii ho^L titcti ^olil- l^i Rome, and kclh thu 
M'ort^s nf Mlthjol Aiij^t'lo, with thoso of I^]jhacL and tlu- luicicnt^ hu iras con^ 

vinc^d, tliL sLrliniiallu T^irility oi hh exploring ccnisickTi^fL lli^f Ik- ^^'ouM have pro- 

lobe L:ill-:J thL' mosl jjcrftct irT>]tnt<jr cif N"alur<; y[onr timt^ai^ Ttgards txiloriiig; 
hfi miglu lIuls Iltvc rtndcR'd hinm.'lf c^|Uitl to llif dlMi^t^ta: t>r l^tEOn^^rroiOn ^ to 
^rdcJ rht; groat (oun^Litiwi of all, dcMgll. Al ^ hitL-r j-L-rifpcl Titian ivpairctl lo 
Vititii/:i, where lie |i>inLcd "Tlst JxulT^mrMt vf ^^►lorTiiiu," on du' Lirijy^^clti Vi'lhcFt^ 
In the courts uf ju^lu:*-" iuc huld , -l \yir\' lnjjUlcrul t^n:k_ J-^l Uji nnicr l& W-iilc^"^ 
he tfic[i di:piLt<:cl fhc fotLuk^ til tht: ( Icrnuin j ,tt i^ailu.i hi.- pjlntfcL ctftnb frtSCcJS 
in ific Church gl S:ini' Atiloniu, tht- kuIjjlzcL^ i=Lki.-n lu^m the Ytir of rhial ^ihit; 
And ill itic Cfnartih uf Saiilu S|jii'iiu ho cvc-tJuLL^d j ^m^ill |>i[.iEii'i^ ul ^Lin M.uru 
Kat^d ill ih[; mid^i i^f othur Siilnts. ^vluj^c fLiue^ arc jK^rLratl^ gjjitiLc^L in oH wiiji 
cl^ ulmoii carL^; this piciiirt- h^is been raketi for si wofk of Cilt^f^^ridrtf^ 

N<AVh the dcskOt uf Girpvi3n Ih'lhrho hsiii ^i^nl^'it a story in iFic h.ilE fjf [hr 
Great CuiJticil tu retiiHi]ti iinfini-^livil ; it ^v^hi^ thnil hvhiL'h rcj^rL-sctits hVdcri^^ l)^tr' 
hqtn^zi knodljn;^^ hclorij l'o|)r Ales^n^lni J II., \fc}\^ \x[\.miA ]\h fuot on [1it cin|K:r+ 
or'snocL Th^-^^vas now fitit5hi:il by Titinti, wh^s Lilceriv^d inrtiiy pjiat^of ii, lnLigduc* 
Iti^ ]jorttiilts of iits friendE^ utid ollitjff. For Ihi^ hu ft^cttveJ Ertnil Lhf^ ^ct^aLL- an 
ofTioe tn the Rxehanire oF the r^LTniiu^^ c^Mt^A the ScnterlEi, which bt^Lij;ht hitia in 
three hundrt?d -jrotiiis yearly, nn id w'hi^h tho"^ ,Si[;norf nsu^illy ^i^o tu like niosc 
emtn^^iit patcit^r cjf choir c\i\\ on cori<filfajT lltat 'roiii linic to time he shall take 
tht portrait ui their dt^r^-^ nr prinee w^^en slujIi j^hall Iwr erealcd, .^L tht jtrict of 
eiJ^^ll eroii'nSf whieli llit' *logt^ harn*ivlE |w,v^ ihe jifprtntt ijeing llit^n preserved in 
the V;L|^t;of S^ri Miiico, j?^ -i cntmorijil 01" th;hi dOR^. 

AUcr i.he e^miL^kutan of tliir-^e uoitt^i, (lur Hni^t |>aiiited, for the Church of 
Sufl K^itrt% El figure oTChmL lieitin_y hb ert?:;^; the SriviLiur ha^ a j"0]tc round 
hlh iKi-i^. Liikd k dvjiiycd foL'ward by rt jf^w ; mjny \i^vc ihtju^l^t ijiis a work 
cjI Ciiorytone. It has become ^ti objecf of the niniosc de^'oHon m \'eaiiceH 
and has n^c^^i^'cd more crowns as ofTcrintfs than havt lH.en cjmtit h\ Thhw ;inil 
Giorgiotic hoth, tlirouj^li iIk- wholi^ "conrsii of lltelr )!v'Ci Now, Tltimi htitl I-i^lti 
the pottniil of BEi^l^n^^ Chen secjvtary lo f^o|}c Leo X,, antl wns by him invjled 
lo Ronl^, tliPt he mi^n see the city, with ^^a^Tjello da UrbFiki ;Lnd other dlj^llr^ 
gulshcri persisn^: hul the nrti^t ]ia^ing delayed his journty unlil IjJO, wht:n the 
prjpc and R^uT^iu-Uo were bfilh dt^ic!, jmi it t^lT for iknit linu^ altuKcLhern Vvt the; 
Chureh of J^nnta MLirin ^fn^^lorc he painted a |MLtiii€- of ^' St. Jolniil^u Bjpti^tn 
iht wi1der]H^'v; '' there Is ati an^^-l beside htm tint apfjt^ar; to be lh'i]i;,^ : and 'i 
di^iant Lii]il^ape, wirli irH"e> ipti the h.mk of a ^l^cr, M'liieh nt^ ^xr}"HracefuL Lie 
took porlraiL^ of ihu Prince rririmant aihd l^jredaiao, ^vhiLh Were ConsEdered ad- 
mirable : and not Joiij^ aftenvard he: ]>Hnntcd the ]>ortraiLof Ivii^^ rjimeiEp who w^ 
^hc^ lending Italy to rtlutn to h'rnucc. 

In t;^50p when llu^ Emptrai^ Ciiarlcfi V"- was in Bologna, Ttti^ni, by the in[*iT' 







X 

Ul 



4iJ 



B: 



vMitfnu oi PitiftD Aretitia ^v,is in^IicJ to tbnL city by [he Cirniin^l lp|3^1ilo de* 
ML^Jii:!^ ]ind L^t^rt^ he m.ide a tnjigiailkcnt portrait cE his inajL>ty Ln full .trrnord 
This gavi? EhQ naucfi ^ti^'nutioTi ihat the artist received n |>T4^nt of a tLietiE^nd 
i;ro^v]is for the $nme. 0»t ct thtsc^ he linid j^nhp-ccjiteotly lo guc the iiM tu Al' 
foDK I-ombardi, tlte ^uljjior, wh& had midc ft niodcl of that moii^irch to be txt> 
^nittrd in ni.nlLe. 

Ha^in^f fi^curm^d to \'cnLt:o. Titian tlwre fOLind thai many gentlemen had be- 
gun to favor Pordenonii. commciidLng; <;AtJjcding]y tht x^'orks tx<>cult^d by ihJt 
mist ]n the ceiling of the [lall dl the Prcg^i, ,inJ diitiihcrCr They hftdnlso [jco- 
ciircd him tliL' commt^ion for n smill pktiirc in the CfiiLn:h of San Gio^Mnni 
Ek-niosynLidOp which th^^y iiitcniicd 1iim to jii^int in comp^-rition \\'ii\\ o^c Tcinc- 
senthig that saint in hii e])iscofKi] habUs, ^vhitli h-id previously beci^ cxccutt^d 
iherc by Titirin But wliiitevtr care and j?ains Pordtnoiie tookp he iould noi 
equal ]ior even ^ijifironcli llic work of rlit: fnrniLT. Titim wn^ tlicn appoinlerf to 
p:iiut n pii^'tiire of the Annuneiation Eor the Cfhureli oE Santa Marii 4<i^1\ ,Vn- 
gcl], at Mnr-Uio ^ l>ut those ^vlio give the cominiislon for tlic xvork> not ni-^iiing 
to pay ,"^0 ]niicli ^z ^vc hundred erou'nSi whfch TittLin rcqutrcd as its prit^e, he i^tiit 
its ^y ^hc atlviciu- of Fij_'trf> Ar*:lmo, a^ a gtft to Charles V., w]io being pti^aily tlo* 
ligiucd with the woikp made? him a pre.-^cnt of two thoLfsand crowns The plrtCft 
wh]eh the ]?ietijre was to [t:\v\i DccupLcit ai ^lurano was ihen filled by one fionx 
the Itund oE i^ordenone. 

VVhen ilie emperor, some ti]nc nfter thiSp rtturncd ivkh his nnny from Mun- 
g-iry, qrid wuT? again Jt lioloynaf hoUin^ a conft-Tencc witli Clement VIL, hC 
desired to haix anotl]^r portriitt taken of him by Titian, wlio. b^:k^^e \\<^ Jup.mi^ 
fram the city, sdso patnl&l that of the Cardnial J]>poliro de Medici in ilit lluti- 
gatiati dtes^ with another of the same prdaEc Inlly nnneJ, wl^ich is som&^vliiit 
sm:iHcr than tin; lir^t ; tln^e arc both now in [he Gx^atdarobj of Dukti Cottnto, 
Ht pahitt^d the |]ortrailS of j\lfon!5o, Marqtilii of O^valos, and oi Picrro Arecino, 
at tJit sajne i^triod, and tliet^e thin^ haviti^ made him ktio^rt to I'eJeri^o Gol^ 
Ka^'nip Dtike 01 .\Jantu:i, he entered the str^'icc of Jhe jaitcr, and accocnpanied him 
to lii"^ ^t:LleE; Ai Muntya our qrii^l macle ft portrait of (he duke, which ajjjKut^ 
to bfL-atUii', and ntfrcrivard c'^cctHeii thaE of lii*; hrftclii^r^ iUl^ izardinaL These iic- 
jQjj lini^hwl, he pjfnced tweU^ hL^antiful " Htads Chf iltt T^^^elve Ca?5^rs," to deco- 
rate one oi the rooms L^retled bv Ciiiho Romano, and whcti they were dontfj 
G3tilco pLitnted n '^Slorv from the Li^'t"^ oE [lie Eniptrors^' heneatli each head. 

The i}rCKLuctio]i5^ hut more t-ij^t^cially the portra[|Sp &E Ttlian arc so nTimcrouS 
that it vvonLd be almost ]E^|Ku^i1>le to make ihe record of [htm all. [ xvi]|, thcre^ 
fort, S;H^ak of rlie girineipal onWv and that xriThoul oader of timti stcing that it 
doi;^ not mnch iijjnify to tulj which ^ras jiaintcd earlier and whieh !aCi;rr lie 
toot [lie []Orlr;nt of Cliailes V. several tlinuj?, as wc have ^aidp and was linallf 
inidted by that monarch to his couci i there he painiod him as he wa^^ in thf^Jie 
Jj-^it ycjrs ; and ^"0 muc;!^ was tltat most invincililc emperor pleaikd \vith iht m^n* 
per of Titian, ih^ii onte he had bci-n j^cirtr^Lvcd by him, he would ntvcr [permit 
bimselE to be tak^E^ hy any olh^r per^i^ Haizh time thai ^iLl.m painted the 



m 



230 ARTISTS AND AUTHORS 

ciii|f,;roT hi: ro£*ivccl ^ pi^wiir of n itiousaiid crown? uf guld, :ifid liit aitifl w;is 
fiiadc a civiilitr, or knight. !►>■ hi'i miijiifiiy, ulih n itvci.uc of i"o h^ndiciL 
C^o^vns vcjriy, fccvmi on ihc irc^?iir>' cif XapJc^, an-l Ji[ii:lKd [o Ins titlr. 

Wh^ii Tiii-iii paiiUL'ri T'ili]>|Hi, Kin/r "f Si^ilu, il..: »n uf Cliiiiltp. he ivceived 
inoilur Hinmiiu nf I'vo luiiJrcd cm^vii^ : yt ili.it iIih^sc luur huiulrujT, pja^d ro 
[hf; llinv liuiiJTCfl friim (liu ^Fl,^^llJn E-iclimi-i:. iiiiiki: liim Ji fi^^iU in^imic of 
srtTcn liiiiiJunl cnwii^ which ht |M>^ses!«s wiihuui ihc in.i:c(*iEy of t^tcitin^ iiim- 
iciE ill imv manniT. Ttiian |iits!:Liiti! [h<; iiutiraiii of <:h:Lrk& V. nnd his s&n 
FJ]iifiiui'5 <lu DuUi? Cosinjo. who h,i:^ ihtm now in hlii ("Ujiidaiolja. I Le j!?o 
took lilt ]>Lmraii of L"<;niindii,l. Kin^- of |he KoniiiDS, ivho wiis aficn^'-ird crr- 
pciror, wirli [lio«c of his <;liiiaiLii. >[iiKlniili-i». Eh,ii ii ro m>', iim' (:m|>:n)r, and 
his liro(liL:r ; \\^ likcw?!« |uli»id tin; Qii.^t:n Mann : .m'l Ji ilit criTnm.ind of [lie 
Eni]>LrLir Ch,irli:?J, lit tnitii"J} ^^^ "li^^ ^"^^^ "f ^sisony, wIioit ilii; btrL-r wa? in 
pniion. Liu[ wli;il !i w-i^tu of' lirnt i^ iliis ! ^vhcn ilicii.' ii^ scaicc]/ Iili.ii a no|>k 
of hijjli rank, w^irccly a pt'mizc nr bdy of grcdl nuiniiH wliosc jiorrraii h^ not 
b\-^ti Ijitcn ijy Titian, who in Ilui lnnncli of an is indidtd an lkccUchi piiiiitcr. 

All ilidsij wurl.:;, iviih mitm- olhns whicli 1 omii w aroid prolisUv, h^ve Ejfcri 
c^ccuied up lo ihc |jr>:^iii pgi: of our jcii^i, -hihicli K .ifiovc ;^^iiiiii-5i?i yc-jn 
TiLij" hi3shi.Ln qk.iys hciliiiy iiiid li.i]';jy ; h-- lia^. ItLtn fiiioioJ bcjuiid [lit liM 
of mo9r min. ami In"^ reu^ivi d fioni f k-i^cn only f;ivois and l-Lc^iin;cs. in lii^ 
huute he hn< rn[i:[[a[»cd wfi^LcV4!r priiiciji. tin^aif, or nun of dl^iiiii-Eioji h.i\^ 
gone lo or dv,'i;li in Vatia: -. fur, lu s^iy uaihio^ nE his cxtdhnLL- in ait^ Lie hjs 
flhviiys dii^iTigui-.hcd lilinsrlf hy cnuricsy, hospUalicy, ;iiid tccihink'. 

TiiJan lia-; lijJ sonic tivaK in X'tiike. bui Pin of nry E-rcar jhiliiy, «'hoivfote 
ht h.is cjiiilv oVLiLomc: nhiini hy iht si[]ic[iority of liis :in : whilt he h^ als^- ii:n- 
dun.'d luni'ilf uci-u|>ialile to IIil K^fiil^n"':!' ^1" '^"^ ^iiy. He hits gained a fair 
anioiiiu of i^tnlifi, liis l.iboir^ ha^'iiij,^ nKvay;^ liLtii mili pidd i ^nd it wniild hav'c 
tK\ii "l;|| if he h-id worked for his [iiru^riiieni alone during ihcw ];intr y«iri 
clini In: mfyhr not luvi; diininislitd EJit iV|nnaiion giiined jn his SicsE djiys hy 
warts of hifcrior niciir, |ittfoiirn;il ar a period of life \vhi;i; niituii^ [tnds ina/i- 
tuhti- lo decline, and conSC<|iie»[ iinpt-sfcclion. ^ 

in the rear 1366, wiien \as;in, (hi wriifr of the i^iVMni hi!iL£ir}\ wn? ;ii \cn» 
lin:, hu wciit 10 visiii Tiiian. as one who w,is hi;* friend, anil found him, alihough 
Uiun ver> old, siill ^^'iili the pencils in his hand anJ pLilniinjv hiisily, Gfejt pleas- 
ure fiaif Vasari in heholdiiii[ iii'' w^rks jnd in r.-oiU'etslng «iih ihu \msit:T. 

It nii>- 1>L afhrmed, then, ih.ii Tllian, hliVJii^ adorned \'i::nii:c, oc lalher all 

Italy, pnd oilier pans o( ilic world, wiih Cjicellcni pjiniinps, well nicril? 10 he 

Jov-cd !fnd respected hy ariL^is uiid in niany chings to he admiriid and innt^iieil 

■ alfiO, a'> one who liii^ pTodnecd, and is pniducinij, wnrk of Infiniic inj;ril; nny, 

inch as musT uiidure .i-hile ilie ni^motj' of illusLriaua nicii alJuU r^niaia 



ALBERT DCf:1-E 



S31 



alhl-;rt durer' 



U+73MaiS) 




r 



T liiis liet-n given !0 Twmt men lo bt not 
c*"ly f;r4;.3t in itic dartiJiin of art by reason 
t>f r|ti^[ iihicli \ltcy ]ih1\t; thcinscli^cs succeeded 
jfl protlticin^^ but hj fc^i^n of rhat tt'hi<:li tlu-y 
1 tvt hi^]>ir4:i1 tJthiT n>rrt to produce. TKey 
i-ti'c Jfccn not nitrcLy sLitists^ but ti:aclii:rsi wiio 
■ ^" prct;t;j^t ;iutl cxniinplc Jiive moLLlik'il iL^e 
fhoLc CLFrfEjcit :infL drift of urti^tlr: rl]Ou^ht in 
ihK' :ip:^ ilulI lands tD which they tiQve Ik- 
1. Ainon^ tliesc loTty spiiik -^ whu iW<i 
^h the Ci^nliirks uai only i]i xvhai ilteir 
i-iiidsonct] faslncincd^ buL ^rill inoi^ in ivh^ht 
'JLrry tiii^-c inf^ptr^icl othcria tq do^ undoubtL-dly 
■ n<; <p( th^ sn-'iiEt^t is Alljc^rt Dorer Ju_mlv 
n'ckonc<l ns Lhc rcprc^tntAiive anisc oJ dur* 
.luny^ ]ie hns t1i^ [iccLt][ar hcnnur ol h.ii'in^ 
iiscti the criiTt of thu ejiyrax'crr lo ]w lint; posU 
noil, a^ oni: of llic lino ^irt-s. As a p.ihuer niic 
uiu^ijiLn\ L<j bt: d.as^^mcu x^ith Titinii and l^af^hai.]^ his ^lonUTiipontrics it|Hjn 
U-ilian foi!h he pf^urc^ th<r xvt^^lth of his RLnius into woodcuts and cop]>i^rpl.stus 
umL taught niH-ii thu pr^tkatly nicasuitltifd capacity of n-lut htftirc liis daj- hjd 
bctn a ru<[3tnL'nt:ir%' art 

D"riTM-:is born tn Xurcmljea^ on Mfty a^ i.t^i. The family x^-as of Hun* 
gannTi cNri^in, tlioii^li ihu n^iniu is Gfrnlnn, nind i:^ ilcrii'cd from ThLlrtr^ meaning 
p m-iUcr of ilooii, The .LEicc^im] coifing df tin: family prohaWy w'^^ tliai ul ilit 
c:ir]?t;nier. Albert Dtlrer, the Crtthtr of the great aitist^ was a ^oldsinhh, and 
fftl[c<l nilxsut 1460 in Xiirtr'FnlK'Tg, v^'hcrc lie scnxd a^ an j3S5Lsr;ini 10 ll^crowy^ 
muj^ tIol|f4:j-, a master ^IdjimiEli, whosn: riaughtn-TH IS.irbann, he mar]i4!d hi J46SH 
lie ^ha-i Hit thu time fofty y^ars oE agi^ and she filtcc^n. Ai the rtiult of ilie 
urtlon tijihtLicn children were born into Lhe worlds of ttliom Albreclit wa& the 
Second The ladi as he ^re^' upn l^ccamc a gjtat fax^ortte with fik fjiJie^H ^vho 
sppearc.^ to discern tn him the promif^; of future :ihility. Thu fetiling of attach- 
rfH?nt xv.L^ r<^ipificated it] The nnj^ filial ]iianner, and tlicre are extant tvvo well- 
authctnie-ued portraits of ihe Ealher from the facile L>iu^h o( the sonn one in the 
Uffiirl a[ rjortncci the othtr h\ the [jose^Lslon of the Dttke of Nonhumbcrlani 
It waji the uncin^l intention of thy ftitlicr of Ihe artist rliat liu ^h^Juld follow tho 
craft of the goldsnitth, hut nftcr s^^r^ins ;t period ai an ;4pprcrttiK in his father's 



^AEu 



<S^ 



"1 . 



2133 AkTlSTS AND ALT] [ORS 

thou hftvafeffl^ pi&lilccriini for the calliup of ihc jjainEiir [iimiiiuau-J iiiclf to 
B(w:h'ji dWf^ ihjl [lie S^lh-^r tcintiantlv cf^n^cnK^d id jUu^v tUc i>ny [□ fullo^v lii^ 
nalural Ijoiit :in<l !>l.iccd lilm \sniii^f the lUltlj^i: dF Mi,:h,id V\.^lily!!iiiulh. liw 
ptinciiv-il pMiML-e of XunynlrfiSr Woli|g,;mii[li miis ji rcprf:^niauvr^ aniat of his 

riim', ^^■^lO r<tll"V',:d he? Mllint! nfier ii niti-lLinicil f^ishi.^n, hiring n btgc shnp 
Tilln^d will! i]i]>toiUiH'ci y-lui. itjulcj- hi5 dlrccilpii Jnd wiili lii-^ .[■-■. i-i.liicc. Ijiisitd 
ihcmficUf^ in luiniiiLi 'Aii for a '.mjll cnjisidcr-iiipn iiliar-pic^^LS .md pkiiiws of 
mnrtyriloms, wliiL'h wcr^ in ^o^^ic ^t n<:f.'v«ii:i' pjrii of djjcor.iUQn m cliuichcs. 
Kunicraus cs.impl''^ of "I"? ••••■f^^ ^^ Wolilir^^niuifi iind Ins ti>iiitm|ioi.ii'ic5 sun-i^'C. 
aiti:s[iiiif l>y ihir vic-Ath of tmdjiiu? .iiid miiiUtiidtd cirii.inirc^ hIiIi vhith iliu)- 
sb'iund the t,-nlplr,^li^'l.'tv low ^T-it^t of dci'Llopjiicni iitriirnod Iji- ihc nit oJ ihe 
pnln'^^r ill Gi^rnirtnv- ™i iliAt day. Accurdiog lo Dtirur, iln: fK:rLod of lii^ anj.rcii- 
tct-sliip [■► WihlilLiimiili ivns sin;n( pmfujbk, and KsuUcd in Lii^guiciiiisi lions 
of iocimij;:il ^kiJl. TJii; fu-iiod if lii? pu'limlioi^' iriiiniit^ iK^ing ciiilinL tic ^-t 
fonh iii>Dn 111? " \V,iiidLrj,il>rc," i-nd lovclli:^ uxitiisiiTly, ]usi ^vl.^L j'^iniii In; 
visiifd ciiniiQc i^'iili L.-tri.iiiin- In' dLntrmincl Lr is a5H:n3iii.:d beyond dwhi iMt 
liF visitud Colnijr, wlii-id lie «M^ hwpiubly cmcTiiiincd by iIil- riinilv ci M^n\a 
^hoii'^a^r the gT<-iii:s[ p.iiutcr of lii:^ Lime on Girrmmi suil, but ivho li,id illi:d 
shonlv hrfor^.- the vi^ii of Dcirjjr, f^c ^.l'* vi^ihed SiTii^lmr;^. Jiid ii is [hou^lic 
bi'imii^-[(i;iihii^,^i':>iJ(^dlii'juiinii.viii):^asfnrMVcnici;. Jii J49J he riiiiiiiicd 
TO XLin'mlit-'r", mid in ilic niiinili of July w.ls iii.irilcd en .Viics Frcy, jiic diiufih- 
fcr of J riri.spcrou'i in,;r,:hin[ of iIil- ciiv. He w.i'i iiivmy-thtMynns of h^t.-, imd 
slie ■^omcu'lJ.ii ^'oiin^r. Thc^" li^'cd ing-jtbc-r liippdy, iliaii^jh no dnldr^-n kvcic 
i>om lo rliLfii. nn.l li bii^ ^'^cii pruvod ihnt ilie ropuuimn ^vliii-h h^^ l>ifii given 
ill!? tit lupins Ii"!'; t"'^"'^'" i^'^n ^ coiiiiiiun iCOJd, who imlHin^rcd his tifi; by '"'' 
Lciin,i':»ii:v isihectc.iiionof ibcilliempi-'rof om. of ih^ [«iy IrVml'^ of Dnrci-, 
WiUibiilit i'iikheimcr, «'lio, in ihi spirit of spiicfubics^ btMiiirched h^r clujacu-r 
ill J biur v^hich unfciiiiiii.iiL.'l- ^uiLiixs lo ihi? d,iy, nnd in whicb lie jccu^^ her 
of hnviii;! U-d her hn^.b^iid ii ni.«l ^i»[ ive^it djuce by bL-r itniper, T\,u ]ta«>n 
for this ebiilliiiDn on ibc pan of Pirkheimcr Lrppe.iii ro have ln;<:ii ihit, nfwr 
Datei'r, dii.iiliH she tcfuscil lo j-tNc iiim a juir -if nml'^r? «iiich Ji.id Ijulon^j^d to 
her hiiiiltJiiil. .md >>'^licll I'irkhn'innir \i\-\ ■*! hi^ !h.:itI upnJi ii^iviii^. 

Tin: firJ ulevuii ^1:^1-; "f ['ii-- iTinrrit^d life of Utlr^Twerc ■^poni 3n NuteiiilK'fgH 
wliere \.<: d.;voEc<E him^-li ^^ n^i uiifemiuinR assiilniiy ici ihti pttj?i:eii[iQii of iil^ 
BiL DuciiiiT iiicc i'cji5 bis pL«V!:r; unfolded tepidly, and ilitrt hir csiani luu 
noiahk i>ie[iirai, ^vhich <fpr4? undoubiedly pruiliKeO M ihi^ iinie, [he itipiych ni 
[lie Dti^Mlen Gallen, jnd iin -illar-jiietc wlib-b is in th<: |^.iljf;e r,f th<: Arcbbifhlioj* 
□C VkniiT, Qt Obi^V 4i. \'cii, Tli^e cr^rii|«-Miion^ wbiliJ lemnrliiLhli: in rmny 
re5|}ei;t-N atili leve.il liic iii11u<:iii:e i>f bi'; iii:isii!r, Wo[il;T(ji]j,h, Bud j.'i^-L- evidence 
o{ linvbig been in pun ej;eci.icd v^iili [he ^s^^siaciec «f ^fppreniicCiv In f:icl, idc 
[jcalJ-Kablcd hou^c at tiie fooE of ilie eJ'iili^-Piound in Nnren>brri: vii- .1 picUitc 
jkciorv like ili,ii of WohlK^^tn^'b, in ^\liieli, bckvvev..-rH wurli of a Jnj-htr order [h.iii 
any hidicrio pn^duued in Geniiaiiv «a? biiliig turned ouL Wc know che names 
of four or Gve of ihoic who sirned 1^ .nipreiuice:^ under D»r.:t ai this [ime and 



k 




.kLBERT tKlFlEFl-a W^DIHt 



r 



J 



ALnntT DUkER Ma 

they nre stiif^ of leswr m^i^nituile in llit ijon^rlhtLc:]}! of Grrmnn art. But DQrer 
w-is rul H.-^hLik!iilc;il wm[ily to tiiijsluy hi": istirirfi hy the: ]T[ibc]Liutioii of t^ijued 

nltfli'-j>Lu«Sf 4hiul ii\: find him Luj'nin^r tmi j nnnilM^r of cngm^tpga^ the mwT 
TiociL^nbLc amang ^ilikli nrc hii i^iAN-L-ii s;-h it ^vOijri-tm^ ilhis-tntLni^ rlic Apoca- 
ly]>sc, whicli wen: ])tih1[sliL{l in i-|i)S. I Kl.- ilumc wa5 one whicli had pi?cLi1i[jr 
fascmrLtit^n^ [or ?,\\ d:i^-^s :ll thi; titiiti, Thi: Inviiking np of sill E'l^-Lxi^Lin^; 
■ i^sjcrm^ thu woiid<^rful slinin^^ ol ^ nt-w life ^^hkh ^vtn; hcyinnjng to be fcl[ 
evtryM-luT<i ^vith [hu do^ of Lht Middle ,-\g;c mi-l rlic riawjiing o£ the RtLi.us- 
teinL-i.% It.ht rillL-^ the tntncla of JtJcai ivlth wi-pncli^rp nnd oiu^icd ihcni to lum to tht: 
\vritii>]:i5 of tht A|HJL-^lypi.ic iauL^r wkh kcn^^^i inti-rr^L A T<ic^i\t crtik, com- 
mt^ntintr u^kki his work ds nr[>]'<_"itrLii*:d in Uit-x- i^v^\ Hin^E^n sa^w : *■ The dncrgy 
Tind ntidi>^m:iy<id slmiihtjty of hi^ iina^iiEniun tjvilili- hiinn in this order of crM- 
tioiis, to toucii ihii higl^^i ]KnFH nf human achii-^x-nitni. Thu^ four angels keep* 
in-j hack tiiu winds ih.iL thory IjIo^^ tn^r, flu; four ridtn=, ihc lo^^fsiiiLf of tlkL^ ansd,-; 
(>f die Euphnue-^ to sl.iy Lhu ihln! pzin of jTn:n— tlicsc and others iirc eonenjiuioai^ 
of ^uch i<^ct.\ _such grave or wmpe^tuous gnindriir, in Lhe inidai of groies^^uc- 
ni:?'^ as Lh4j art of tiu othc^r agi: or LiDnd haf^ produced." 

-\t ihi-^ |V^:ricl1^ IJnrt^r ^v^s nilj»o cngngvil in cxpcrimrniinz npon thr art of 
coppur-pl.kie i^iii^^CAi'iri^'i in hthith he rt:=Tfrit:i:*xl himself nminly to rt:pt'Cjdiu^]ng 
coj>ies of the worfis of uiher zinitits^ anions e3i^]ii i3i"sc <^f Jacopo ik l!:trl^ari, a 
paititer of tlsu Liallaii ^L:li[]tNl, who Wa5 rtT>idins in Xureml^rg, and ivl>o among 
othtrr Lhiny:^ -^jvl- the grt-it ir^iat instruction in jibstit: ;hnatihn>y. The itilLiteiu^e 
of his iii5tiuc;for is phiin. whuu wn eomp-in: encmvcn^rj rxtxiat^d nli^jut i^cxl with 
iIiok: [mhli^hed ai a pret'iuiis d^iEL-, :i[^0 c'^|Kxi^^ll^ wh*^n wt: i:.\Liminc his {k^i-^i 
of the I'li^ion of our Lurd p.iititi^d h\ ivhite upon n gr^cn groundp commonly 
kngwn as ^^Tlic Grei^n Pasiicm,'' wlilcfl is trr^l-^urrd in the Alliertina at Pnigur. 
lit; also during tlitTM; twch'i. ^'ears UnishL^l sr^-cu oE ihi; twt^U't pK^t ^^^>"d-c:Ltla 
inuitTJtinjr the passion, nnd slj^ieen of ih^ i^^'Lmty cuts whlcli tn^n^jfosc the aciics 
ki^o^t'n ns "Tht L[ff n[ thr \'ir;*in/' The uctiiitieiS c]f DOi^r in NiLreniljf^rg 
w'ere it:mj>orarily intermpied hy n Joumcy lo Uzily, whii-h hi: tmder^oulc in rliL* 
fa^ll of ihLi yt:ar r^o^. What tJit i]n]TU-di:ni! occn^icm f^Nr nndertakfng this 
journey may have hren is noi. plain, chou^lt it s<enis n^ost likely tliat one oF his 
ohJL-irL^r wa*i lf3 tnahlc him to rei:u|i4!r7iie from the elTects of :i protracl^-il illness^ 
from ^Uiich bt: hnxd sitlTerufi dnrinj; tlit summer ttf this year, ami alsu htctdenLdly 
to secure ;i mjrlLt for his waitzs in Vtnicc, th^- mmnieavial tclLitJonshij^ of uhich 
with Nurejcshcr^ w(Tt veay dtrtt ^ ihi*i |?c^nt3tl A German uolonyn coinijosc<! 
largely of Xurembcrp fnetors and inerchtinti, w^:; ltw;nca! Jit t\m time in Vcnii;c, 
flnd they hid licured ihL= firivile^ of dcdie^itLnR n intent i^nntin^^ in thf i^huruh 
of Sl IJirlholoinexi', Tlie eomnn-^lun U^r ihc cset-ittion of ihy^ jwhitinR iv^^ 
sccurt<l hy Dilrcr. Tt rt^tiresuntr Lht' ailoraiion of tbt \MfHin, hut has Injcn eoni- 
monlykiiMwn ujidcr tht name fff "Thi.- IV^iit cjf iKc Kafic Cpiirliindi," Aft4.-j- 
havinir LLnder|;onc many tieLssitndes, it is ifrtst-rved (^>'day jn ii hij>"hly mntilatf^d 
condition in the monasttpj^ of Straehovi^ ne^r iY.itue. Oarer's st^y in Vtnit:e 
was si^aliKC^I not only hy tlu^ |inNdut:t[p]i of this pninting, hut of three or fuur 



^ .._■*.:. 



IM ARTISTS AS'D AUTIIOKS 

tiUitr nnt^tbLc ^rork? ^viut:h ^till uj-iist, and wliicfi jtiltcHjt ifit gi^it inducTitt u|jon 
him of the Itali^m ^l]OoJ af i^tlLiiiiag^ wJtfi ^i^hich he l]:td nti=tin[^tl bniilijTity. 
iJjs sEay ii] Vtrtii^t l^-^ii-J aljout a vcar In the fnll aE i^ofi^ lit: n^riErncd xq 
f^siEVmlSffEn jnd [lii^ri.- rtirnniiacd for Uk nt.'^L r<jiincL."n ^t^r^, cii^^Jgtit iiq [lie 
l?i^L[[ci^ af Ilia :irt- Thts: years wtro jxjre of iucetss nsncl |>mSji*:riLj\ I Ih nmiie 
5ii5d f-imt !i^lJ s|iio3il crvi^r ihc whole id Excro|H\ rtkI rht: ^j^:iic?t artisE^ ul the 
day Were jjil^it |o ilo him Jioniagt;. R,iph3i.l sni^l ^►( hian, ^^ hnji *ruLiicini^lLL[inp 
HimL' tiJ bis ik-if^^Si ^^ Truly this m^n i^"oulJ hnvu *ti[rptLH,si^ti us a]\, il ht- ha J ihc 
nia£Li:rpiL.^e!> ci[ TiLL^iti^i nirt conbtiinlly lieJ<jrt his cj'*:^ el-? wc li:kve ." A ri^L'iiJh" 
corj-esiJcindciTct wi^ m^^liitilntd ijcLw'ecii llic imniuitnl Itjli.in j^ntl his C^efnian 
contcniponiry, iind ifi hi& o^vn cQuntr/n nLl men, from bIh: fcn|fctitii to the fira-^iiiilp 
dcTighieJ ru do honcpr to his gcuixE^, rlif proJiaet^ wl ^h-iiich ^v^rt^ foLu^^l iiliki: in 
church and pahet, and through liis printed de^gui* ift ihu htmies tif thvhiinitile 
|jQor. 

The proud o]<[ impertal city of Xurcmhcrg had ;r,it!i4:tLid within its b.itLle- 
inurtlcJ ^\-^\]% a muilituilc of men who wi^rt; di^licl^jHisln^d mst oi]ly for fhuir l-ow- 
niercial t:nter]>ri?c .tikI we^^tll^ hut many *j( wfinm xvc-rt: l!ic t-^|Miiients uf the lit- 
cFfln-and anltitie eulmre oE ihi- time. Aniunc Hu- iflcmilth whom Dliar fcnind 
ec>necnial comfKiRTdnship wt^cc Aibm Krafir, Ihc seul|HCHri VutL Si^^ss, whoie 
es<]ai:;iicau-viLigsm wgtKl m^iy reflect in i^me m^iL^^tTc in ihe wild l^MjHancc 
of the iifl^fiatlorL whu^Ji \h<'y ^\\^]A\^y\ Hie t^-j.lltsi "d.ni; 'li^-^'it " spirrt wjtii 
which his biogrgpliert :i]tt.^t hirn ; l^fE^T Vz^thLT, ihc- lfroi>;^e InitncliT; ?ind list 
Imt Tao[ leas! Haiis S^cns, tbc et^lihK^f jifn:!, xUih^l ijih^uiiL rhyirtes are ^ "^^uitc (>| 
sleliBhi lo ihis dav, and were a mighty forcx In the ^^feat work of the KeEtim^a" 
Lion, by whieh lit^ fetti^r^ cj[ cntiiLiLcv.il ttacliilans Litid tt'cli_^iaitie:il ;^buse Wv^t 
throw[i 0(1 hy ih^ (^i^vtnjn jiL^i^t''^'' 

Of thu ]ier?.OL-.al :ip|3ciirarkL-e of |)Urt:r ^t this timL^, u'^j art- n^ft leh iii iir]ir> 
runec. A [Jotirair fjf J>i]n^c:1f from hii own luntls hit* ba^n prr^ntrd ^nd is WL-t! 
known, tlis leAlures rvve^tl r^lineinenL anJ E*^^^ intellecsfcajrlity, tiniti^d with 
gTiicc, aiicl hh wtiiro she^w:^ Th.ic hn \v\^ n^n {?bLivLoit$ t<j iniiiteav cnI |H^T^on^l adorn* 
mtrtU After l3ie rnX^hion t>E iUl- tinn-, his hair w^is worn fn loti^ find i^^rLieeful 
[inj;1ebs whfch fL:l] in ii^.i^y ina-^^cs .tLotjt hfs .vhcHirlik^rs 

The lii^t six ytani whkh followed hi^ rtrtuen fr^Jln Vc niee wtre almosl: wholly 
given ro fjftihtiny, and his pro^lue(ions jrivr eviclt^nee fjf llic f;^t that hL^ had dis- 
mi^ised frorji hif. ein|tl(hmLEn ihe r^^inm; of a^isi^cmis anti :L|h|iTiiiliet-^. ^Iinni he 
had em|>LQyed in iiis L-nrliLT y^'flis Fiuny thh ]>iiTioL[ date jnoJ. of hii jjieiLt ma^ 
icfi'jiLc^^L'Sf whlth titt sTilJ prtser^^eiia nininrhE tht^ni ifit "Arfam suid Eve," in tiit 
Ptrii Paiaa^ ; the ""feairiioiaii.anil M,LrtT'r^ of Ni*^uniedij/' iu iht- Impt^riid Galk-rj^ 
at Vienna i tlie ".VdanHLuiiof i\w 'rrliMir," attlit^ TlrlvL?dLTL-. tn ^'fL'n^a ; nsid "Tlit: 
As]?un^]>rioci ijf ihc Virdiii/' the oni^inal of whiiili was cJestroyi-d by lire mchtd 
tlian thcE^^ hundrcil ycats lyjOn buL of which a ^otA cojiy is piesen't^ ^it Fruiik* 
fMT- Tti this iicriod Itclon^ ihe portt^tEir of Char]c7na;^nc an^i of the l-.nipcror 
Sigi-smnnd, which ^rt preMrrvcd in the National German Museum fti. Nurt^mlier^ 

iiut whili] [irc^^cntin^ ihc ^^'ork oE the j>iiliitcr he did tiot nt^Lr^ct the art o^ 



H[CfJAI-tU CpOEE 




ALISEKT IlURr-R 235 

cbc cD^'ni^TT, ikr\<i in 151 1^ Lfi^hugl^i out In cnmjik^rc form hi^ K^vnc liuok of wood- 
cuts In ffijlJiN, and iM^prtrt to d4.'VL-lup tla.ii iTiHir^i:L9t>iA< nti cif ctclirn^r whick is in- 
d]^^llubLy timi^cu-J with hui n^i^. Ajncn^ ihc t]rodLji;fs qf the tidier's needle 
li'hich aiu?[ 1m acilvtij i" this iliiualon art tlin^Mnststt^i-jnccc^ "^'hich have for 
tvntiiiitsbtL-ii iJt unLt! cJii: diiliylsi jjtJ iJii; pu;;;'-^ vf urtKiric; LiiinJ^: the "' Mclan- 

tliolm, Vh^ Ktii^lic JLid lilt Dtvil/' anJ " St Jt^rumc in hh (.'l-II/' Hic nitJSt 

Tca^nuhk c:^p1a]^arioti (^1 tliL^t^ WL^ird Ijiitie^ Is rh:iL liiey \v-e/^ inic^nOcd U) r^f^rc- 
■SCTit in ,i||ccrf>fltn| ^iy]L' tlie tiirt'e t4:[ii|>L-r.i]iiL-]iLs — -tin' niL'l.niL-hDlic, thf srtnjrjine^ 
^Tld llic pltlc:(^alTc* Tlku r>iiu-t ui Au^^iUtir-;, wiaiLli iva^ c<a]iV(rFK-d in c^iS^ 
grt%^ DutL-c" :i pjj^iu^ r>p]»o]tutiiLy ia duplet ihn LiiiL^mnTitS Of the l:]tipefcir 
MnxiniiLiiiat, wlio gav^r htm sc^ural siiiin^rs^. ,iiic! wlio m^iilfLMfc] prcat jmcrcsc in 
the painiLTn The [katli ^( ihn LinpL^ror in tli*: Follnwia^ y^tar, the outl^reak of an 
rpiili-cii'L ]iL Xurjjj"rt|]Q:t'g+ ti^t^thrr ivith ilic t^-^r^^l].1|i1^n or C^hjrles V, n[ Ai\-l.i- 
Cli-i|^'-Lli^p li^it lliUcr to uiid-;u.]l:Hj ll Jounii^y u^ chr Loiv Countnti, in ivhich lie 
v^ act:oni|iiinic(1 by Ills I'AitKful ^^^fiV. Ely xros pri^r^ent ^x lU^ coronation and 
yr\i^ uiw ol tliL' JistEii^LiiE^h^d cLxiljhLiis ulto^L^ iipgK^jr^ncti ]iflJcd dignity lo the 
i>i:[:^iotL liiif dfaryp in ^vlnch hu n:cuuni-=. hk exf^i-ncE% u^euh thi^ joumfiy. 
antl xvh[u1i h acj:on][>:tnct:d by ^i intiitttude of xxMvslitij ^keioljt^^ h Slill prcscnx-d 
iiiw.] &>nia!ns, Ivc^itlts rlic dry cntrits <jf liis tnvretic t-.-^p^^tiilititriz^ in^K-t t]ilt.TKin> 
itkg riliiisious tt^ the di^linfluif^htfl |K:r>|j]tj wlitmi h*^ met, nnd whtj received him 
ulili rhit utmost cordiaiityr Intcrmin^^li^d wtiU L^M■rt^: luirLicl^'i: dci^ihi arc uut' 
Imr^W of (i^rlini^p V'bich art pRSX'^fkuit Isy p.l-^sin^^ ]n>ltlii].d an^l ec:ciesnasiitMl 
events, in vliitii ht^ tonk u pujfintnJ iiift^r^irj ihoti^lj tie ni^ver apituars to isivc 
committt:i| liitii-*ii."lf ^itli jinsilivt: chpfmicrss to tliL* parly of refujin. tlk syitip:!^ 
lltic*; ]ir4:, liut^^cver, eleady ^b^^*n by hts ^iTitii^^^Sp u:^ well a-* by his xi-orks <3f tirt, 
to hi\'^ 1n2l^ii tvid] the RefiirmL^rs, c^rtd lii^ lii'jjd on ttjrms of intiniaey with Erai* 
nius :tuJ ML^laLiLLluPLi, of hoth ^jf xifnini xvt have iHinraits from \\h liand. 

Dnrer rccunitd fioni the Nethtirj-md^ In cfir, .dioul the middle c»f july^ and 
ihLTtrnialnhi-jjearsof hislifu utrc^ P|]eiit in Ihi: pnk5ei;iLtii>n <if the Linor tiK' en- 
gni^er, in paintings utid in fhc c-jTorl co elueitlqtc the sciences of iJtjrsjjQ^etii'c, ge- 
omctiy^ and fort ilka [ioci^ up^y\t all uf whieh he hii Itft (rentistis. 

ilk l.ibursj lIhjh^Il ihny Uad titif l^it^n^ht ultli tht-m j^rcal vxilth, had secured 
for him a coinjxlLMicy, qjid tho LtttuT jenri of hiti life \y<in' devoted more Jind 
more Lo laboL^ whichp while ili-^dric-d, itid not tend to add greatly to his ulready 
maiinthcent T-iipucalinji, Thrst: Lilaftfs tvcrtr piosticuitd in s]?ire of evtT-faihng 
liealLh. While in lUc NLrherTand'* fke hud 4;ontnieted a miilnTJal fever, tht^ effeeu 
of x^hich ehmg tn him, in spite of tlic hes[ tre^rnnmt wiiieh ermlil he secured^ uild 
left hnfl the wretk oi his former w\U On Aj^ril 6, t^sR, dt;nh sudilenly chver* 
look him- Tln:rL: w^n^ not e^^r-n titne to <;niniuon his friends to hi? ^Idc hefore 
hii; spiril liid lln^t. 'I'lic tily ^l^Ji^^ll ]inff liuen hi*; hnme fri'hni thildhcjod u'as filled 
with mourning. They lixik n]i hi^ r^'nuins and li^Ltiilv bid them to rest in the 
burial i-ault fjf hk wife's family in the pTitveyard of the Church of St. Joha where 
the stLting siui pours its hi-^t ylc]^hiiip licrnims at evening over the ]ci\y Franconian 
hill'tup^ Th^; vault hai since hetn ehsii^r^d .ind ihir last re^ting-jtlaet; of the re- 






m- 



35G 



ARTrSTS 2\^D AUIKORS 



mains of the RajiliQcl of tht: Xorfh is ^ lo\v]y m<?uittlj revcrciitly Approached hy 
^\\ ^t'ho visit tbi; cjiiaint imperial QiX}\ upon \vhicli is aglab^cQv^ed wicti a brons? 
Lilikl upan ^vjiich arc Lht^ w^rd^; 

QuaCrji^iJ AlbcTli iJur^L Mortnlfl 
Fuht Sub Hof CODritfctJiD 'liLiibulo. 

DcAd hi; IB 4)^t, but ilcp^rLcfl— rur iHi^ArtrEt nEfcrds^^ 

F^Ij'^it ECL-I3L1 lid Aticdr^n t i-Niy, bJiJ |ht suntLiin^ »<4n]* nl&4^ faiFp 



^:^//^E^^^:.=.^^ 



RUBRNS 
(t5?7-t64o) 




!T 15 ju-^I o[^c hunckcfl ai^d Iwcntv years 



as he i^iockI in tht: li:ill of Si. ^[ftrk, at Vfti- 

iciif conttjnpbting chc noblt xv[>fks of Tilii^iu 
"TiniL^, tht dt^-rroyerp has here .^tfiytd lits 
hi^T^d ; tlir: c&]t>]'^ ^in: :^ vivid and ni^ Ircsh fut 
tf they w'CTc Irtid on but ytiLi^rday+ Wotjld 
thai my old fricnit and jnsist^'j-p Oth^ VliiIus^ 
WAS her^ ] Ae Ji^a^t I v^ ill c^iuy biick to Anr- 
wurp that in niy coloring xvhicli slinU [nove 
to him that I have not plsiycd tj unnt to the 

^'Juht one hundred and t^v^cntv years," it- 
poacid he, *'^iiice Ttliftn u-fls horn. \'onicft 
ii-as [heal Jn ils Q\ory\ but ito^v iL is all (fil- 
ing J irs *:hiri-cln:-5 flnd jjiil.ices are CJ-nnihJhig 
todiuil, Ie:^ conirTK^rct.- Hiicn-uplerin The rt- 
-pl^Ec i:onl.[iiLJAt]y h.im^sed hy Jht: Port4:,a]id 

obllptd to eall on foEcJE^ aid ; dcpvKwcd hy htr hitcrri^al d€Sj)Olismi Jicf co^tid! 

ol ten, and ttatc in^^uisitors; her d^clim.^ though j^adual^ k surt; yet the spli^fi* 

[j^^rof her arts reinainef, and thu gcncus of TitbUj hi^r favcirUe soDt iay^ m ihr 

bt^ri>Ni and hiilliMney (J yo^nh I' 

Sue!] w\i\y the eiahLi:>ia^t]C e^c1amat]o]1 of Kuhciis, ^^ ht contemplated clif^i^ 




ULBl-NS 4ST 

painiin^ which lind hrouplil h\m from x\ntivtr[\ Hov'tn^ny giflcd mind^i sj^nke 
t& liim fruiii llic nobic WarkiT ^vhkli wtrc Lclorc lutn ■ 11]*: Li]rL.^ Utllii^i^Mlic 
fQunilL:J3 of Nao V<:nctian fcliooi ; Gtorpiojic, Til[aiifc and TititoruiiOn Tlicn PaoIo 
A'eroLie'^cip wliOp tSiotif^h iK^m ;it \"tionaH in c^^^h aJopttd \'ei3tce a$ hi* homCp 
and hccanic the EellOL^'-rtTtiit uf TJutorcLtOp nnd tha di^iciplt of Titian, l^orJt- 
nonc, too^ whu viL^ri^d luiaii t^ A nv.il and an ciii'my. Palnia tlic: jcungn ai^d 
Palma Ihc old, bom art 1 5 i^* sind the lJ:issanoSi M'lio died near 1627* 

All c!]cse ^vcrc prtscfic lo iHl^ 4;^'^ of Kubcn.s ihctr genius cnitodiod on jhr; 
citiVhIS an the li.iUs of Sl Mark. "Thtiic,'' he cstlaimcdp "have foniied the 
VcrnJtian schcul and tlu^c shall bu rtiy studyV 

From [his tir-K, iKe youn^ artist niisht d^tHy bt seen v-fth his sheets of wlilie 
pftpcn ^nfl Ills pciitil ill l^is liaudn A ft.-;;- strokes j^rtscr^cd the outline ^liich ]\\i 
niL^caiOiy nili^cT U|> ; nnd hy aai ]titiii[;ve glsnctn hts genius underetood and appro- - 
pnAicd <i^'<iry siynal ht:aiLty. 

Tn \'eniec> he becaitse ac^Lunicued ^^^iih Ihe Archdukj; AUniftp who mtrodue^ 
hm to cfie Duke of ^fantuap whtiln.t he w^M f^^r tlie |>urp05e of stitdycng the 
uiJitsof Julio l^Qni-inOn rrtiin ihctice he proci^cdiid lo Uotnc ; here Itiphad 
iiMs his tnchdef, and Michaul Ati^^lo hlsivonder. Me devott;d liim^lf lo pnijnring 
wiilt a Icr^or chat belongs oiily 10 g;eLiiuft ; and he sooji proi'L-d Ihac, u^hnitdXT iao 
gained hy and^^nt study^ tlie ori^injlity of h[s o^vu conctpiion-^ s^'ould <iril| rLirurtin 
ttid appear* To the vivid and spFundid ccilorin^ of tlkir ^'enttiiiai schoolp he Was 
pi:rELit>^ more Itiduhted than to any other model. The nffeetloujitt^ and crcu^Unl 
iiitertroursep by letterSp that ^icbsktcd betwenrn Rubens and his mother, ina<fe hia 
lov\g residence in It.^ly one of plevisitre. At Komc he was einplo^'cil tn adorn^ 
by his pai tarings; the Church of Santa CrocCp and also the ^*Chksa Ts^ovel" 

RuLens lind bcuu origiiiiilly drstincd by his moihi-r for one of the learned 
profession^ His father Was bam at j\nlwR^q>^ and lu^ld the honOrai>ie oJliec of 
CDiineillor of state. \Vhcn the civil war broke oxtt he n^jjjired to Cak^gnCp 
i^^hLire his sonp i'eter Paul Kubeni^p %^^s Ijonir lie died mou after his return to 
Antw^eqs, and h'ft his pj"ei]^c:ny nnieh diminished frr>ni ki-^scj^ occMcnecl by iht 
civil war. Tlie niQtKc^r of Uu!>eiis put htm dirly to tht best scbooK uhere iie 
w^as initiated In learning" ^nd disco%\!iecl a tiste fer bdk^kttrcsi hut alj ihc in* 
Eunnls oE neeessiry study were devoted trtdi riving. Mis mglher percch itig ll, de- 
termined to indnl^ hi!> inclLn.itiortH tit\d placed him ini the t^Egdjo df \'aii XoorT; 

Tlie correct [3*i1e of the seholar ^oon ksl him [0 pfr-eeive thaE he eould not 
adppt this firtkt'^ ?lyle> and he hctumt: the pu|nl of Otho ^\■1lius. Shnil,irity iff 
ihousiiE :ind fiZL^Iinjr united them ckj:^lv\ and ir w^^ i^ith ti^u^ disinter^^ntcJrK^'t 
tbaT the m^iertirgod his pupil lo ijua hSs cui^Hned eircle and r<.^pair to Itiilyp The 
prcz^I Scfir>i^) of art* . . . ■ - 

^'iint llrw jaj^idTv With "Rnliens, while en^^ m hcs bclo^i:*! and hniit^rAble 
ptir^rult ; hi^ i^^oliijd forxvird m tht: penijd ;vht:n he mi^^ht return i^ Anr^^erp .md 
place his ni&tfier in her furmer afHinznee, Nearly scvai year^" had pa^et! since 
he tnok k-ai-t of hen-. Of late he thaupht her letters h^^d bttn le^s cheerful ; ^he 
q>oke of her deelincug he.ilth, of her e^imest bo >c ch^c sb*: mi^lit live to umbrace 



*- 



:^5a ARllsrs AND AUTNOKS 

him once mort, Thi^ Liint \vns enovgli for his afFi^cLion:ile lic:irL tJc linine- 
dtattly brokii olT M lii:^ tn^^guitiutits ninJ pit^p^reJ to rcturi]. Ex'tirycmt kiie^^^? 
wbnit iitip^tlkAuc i^ crcrattd when on^ Lirbt bLgins Lci <:onl.cni]>i:^tt Iluj^h:, lifter a 
long abscflttp JCiJ the heart is turned l&w^rd JL ^*Se\Tn ytars aWnC P" wr<]Ee 
liutien^lo his iiiotlier, " liow is it jiosijiblc I have livcit m Idhj; aM^/ from yflii ? 
ll i*; too l^rtj^ i h^^jietforlli I witl (IcvcH-i: mjsclf to ^our h.^jipincss. Anthherp 
fhijll W my fuLUi'Lt rt^ulence. J Jij^t ficqiurdjc] ;t t;tste rc>r haiEictiJLuri^ ; oitr tit Lie 
gntdtil ^liall 1^ i^nJaiged and cukivatcd^ an^l on] hujne u'HI be a ptira^tisc." 

What arc hiN^Tjn aiiLicipatians Jind projeets t Llic ^k"y hcfore hi; wa^ 10 quit 
Rome he j'cLiL'ii'tiJ n lelter hilonning hini that his niuMit^r ivafl v4.Ty ill, and 1k\h- 
gin^ Jmih to return \y\i\\ all spe<:d With bi^iJillile^s Itil^te Isc hurri^^d bac^, ^riili- 
oiLi alctp or I'i^L When he reached ihe city he dared not mikc siiy in^iuincs. 
At Lungth ht: stood befoie th^; pfitenial mansion ; tac sjixv the gloomy lilies And 
h,tU-cloh-ed vN.in^Low-:^huinj]:i. Tt was the fftll of ihe la^n-ir iJc ol>i^tr\^d pL-oplc 
^^►ing in and Ouc at thj; dcior i to £]K:^ifc. wab [in]>Os>ihlc. :\t L-nglh Jic I'lashtd JJl 
And lieaid Ihc apj>.illin>j stnlente, ^*Too J^lc/' a ^ntcrtcc ihi^ oHtrn ^ril^cs de^o* 
lattoii lo iht human hmrL Hit mothi]r had c.vpiH;d rhnit mcsmlnyH 

\V\u\\z he 1105 sfrtiej;;]Eng vvith the hiLttrntss of *\^^rc\\\ hu nui with Eli/.il^ih 
BrtfiLS- Ther^] ^vjs^ojiictJiina iai the tone of her voitt %^"Uich iiifused tr.iiu|ulll]q.y 
jnt£^hi<:mrnJ, ;knd offcciiori ciinc in a new form to assnjgt hi ^ 1o^ She was 
thc*'lsidic of hifllos^/'nnd afier%N.ard hij; wife Ht- btiil|.rt magiiltiei^iiL housi^ at 
Aiuwi.il>, wiih asiiluon h\ lorni ola rotunda, which Iil- oa [^^nitrnud .tnj Liirkhtci 
with LiLiiiqut sHLttn-'S, tpusE-s iu^cSh and plcturta hy ihe iiioiii eultbaaicd p^iintcrs. 
Thos stica-oiindijd by [ht ^^-m^i of an, lie dc^'Otcd hinisclf to tlbc L^xtCLition of 
ivoah^ whtuh WL^ft; tliL^ pridi^ ol liis ii;tlive ^iuiiUtiy, ancE i^jui^L-tE Jiojiar^ .md ivci^kh 
to be ItfSipCiJ u|}oii jhi^ih 

Tlicfc iveik! |ho!ic: foLind u"Jio Milld not cndnr& ihc sjslcnLlor of liis suenrcss; 
(hesn: caluain]diti.d. Tiji^j-u ^i^cre othc]-^ wUo irl^A to th.iu' hhn into I'ifiiauary 
£pecnL.] Lions. A chi^inist offcti^d \imx n iJi^rc of hi^ liborjtory, to join in his 
gcfirdi for the philosopher^ stonon EIe; cairu^d the vLsionaLy to Iti:^ paiistini^ 
rOo]Op nnd saidp "The olTur conii:a too late- Vou ^et I hnve fonnd out t]ie art oE 
rrtnklng gold hy my palcttL* and pencils." 

Uuii4^nii Was iiox".* ai the licifiht of |irosperity imd bapj^inesSp a Jungerous cmi* 
tienecT Jnd one on which few an; permitted to rest. A s^eond tirnc his he^irt was 
pTcrced wiih sorrow : he lo-^c hi-^ joung wifcp Kli^!je[liT u few years ofttT thrir 
union. Dcc^p as w^is h\s ^r}r^^\\\ h<: h.id yef r<'sc7]n]iQ]i cnon^^^ii to feel ihc ncee^ 
siLy of iL--\ei'[ion. Hi: left iJiu p]ac:c wbieh coninUniL^' iciohidcd Inn) of cU^t^^eMic 
enJuyjncnEp tfic ]]iemi:ijy of whieh eontn^Lcd so "^idLy with Hie prc^nt ^IlL^m^c ^ml 
solitndcp and travelk^L for ^omc Lime in llotiand. .Vfii^r Lls upturn, he rccr-ci^'cd 
a coniTilissioii from ^ia^y <lt Wedici, of Fnincti to adorci the p.ilatc; of the Lnv- 
cmL^OLirg He exuenti^d for this purpose ^ numlMtr of paintings at Antwerp, and 
Instructed several pupils ica his art. 

At this thiie Uubcns devoted himself whoify lo paintin^p and scarcely al* 
lowed hiin^ir linlc tot reereatit^nr Ue e^^n^jdeted JL one; of tlae intM eJlcetbnl 



mcjn=!ni'in^truL:tFnn^Loji]li}Av |il^ pu|Hk io ^^ht^rvc lii$ method of u^ni; hi^^ p^tmt^ 
Ik LticivfoR: hntd them wkh liini \\^h\[\i he \vi7]'l:L-tt uci bi=^ i^t^t: iiicLurc!;. Tf^nicT?% 

Siivl^^i^b joTdaciis, and "^'arKlyke wl^iv ^iitiun;: hai |Piipils — ^lH ta.tmrs wt^JL knowru 

Wltcn I^Ltlvi r>s lind h \rx^Ltittl tliu c^ninnisskm yiv*^ii him hv M.ir^ Jt: MeJi^i, 
iveIl- rijf IK^ir^- [\\, lit: iv^^iin^il lo l^inv Ei> HiiTLiia^L- lii.-i piccur^^^ :il lIii^ Ui3M:m' 
■ hmitl; (i[LlnuvH-iiid Lhtjii; [Mintnjd two nioi^i Lintl 1hkt:wib;^ iIil- ^jlk-ipL^ repreif^znting 
j>i^i*i^Ttjiof her Itfu* " ' - -^^ 

Here he bix^lm: sic^jcaniiiteJ \}cit\\ [1u- l|]it:i- n^r lltjeklLi^hjiTi, as th^Li nrthleniLiii 
ii^-i 03i his ivlIi' to Mail] id ivjali l^nac^^ f 'li iil^ On hiv r4.lLirti to _'\]it\\^t:t|j, lui 
ivns ^ni]nrnn]]ccE lO tliL^ |1tc^ihj4; tjf llic JciMikL.L l^iklLi, whi} h:hd, thruli^Ji llui^k- 
iitLiliani, iHic^ijniL- ititt^rvsti;^! in Uh ch^inctcrr. Slie lhcj«-ih[ him t^'iinli^' tjf a jinllt- 
lull mii-riun tip the c<HiTi nf Ma^^^"id^ wiicrc l>t: aims iirnJ. ^'fatltjuily ivtti^ttl h^ 
Pllilija. WJilIu :l| M.mlrlil lit- |P.ti|il^ \\ fiHir ;iicLtirL!i fijl" lh±' CJJdVcrnL tif lltL friC- 
llU'llTt^L iLtltL i liric- li^irLniir <^f |1il; kjiin on Jiiiij.wkick, xvillp m:Lliy luIilT [muLLjil"^ ; 
for ihf^ c.'XLi^d[E^['U[i]=ii'y priHli]4:tiinis he wn^ zinhiy tuiv.ijHlcJ, nr4;4!ivctJ iJli^ Liuimr 
of ktil^hlltm^l, 3Uti w,iT^ prcTcntirJ Wtlh the y:<ildtrri Ley, 

\V1ii]i! ill Slaiiiin 1 ^pta J"hiip Ihdii: of ILj,i^,m^,i, ^vhf^ \r:LS uftt^iward king of 
P^pnilj^.d^ tuni :inLl ini'JLi'tL him |n ^■ij-il lijri] JL ^Mlj \']ti£^L. lln: f.i|j*X: uf hi*i u'?li- 
cleiKt. kuhen^ pi-rlpi^^iSi uiijrlic fH this tiiiiu Ipiux^ hiM.ni .l liLik <l:i/scli^ ^vith liti^ 
tiiK^mimpn ukvitlusai. lit i^^s now s.SV> y^r^/^/and cddtrjtcd c^ll o^tr Mufti|jt:H U 
iwrii proper be alu^ld in^ikc tht^ vl-^it zs ouc pcnEOLi of liii-Ji 1.M1S: vtsfls LmcithL-r« 
lli^ Iprcfi^LOLiou'- wcit ^'iv-il Efp J^]l|>^'n^ in ,l IpLkHinpnj^r ^lyk^ mid iiut ttj sh:imt ht;^ 
niihlr h^H'-[. At tttiRth tlpc P1^L^^il^nii HiipixL^I. .nnl. niiLLNidcd by a miniL^rcnts ii.ilii 

<if itLHUiT ffii-'iail^ ziLid hirt^l ^ittmdaE^tf^^ the h^iig i.hii^n[L-jcJc ln^ji-Lii iIjc juLiiiii-yH 

\V|pt!n PHpi fjtr dhLiiur frr>n] Vill^i VJiPtKi, kuhcnn Iciirm-d thui lloii JuIhl luid 
^nt Pin ciipha-=sy to m^Ll hirtu Sudi citi hoiioi" h;ic] -=:eldorii th:eii JOErord^^ tu ^ 
pri^-jic i;ciitWi?i», luid l<olH;ra^^ho<jlcd hhii^-Lf to njc^iivt it ivitU ■Hciituhli: Uutnil- 
llj' iind LjciJEpnliiLy tliiiJtiu^ 

lie ptJt ii]i i]L II link dIfiEmKi: ErrhEn Villa Vitio^^, itwjiitlnt; ihtarmMl of ihti 
C[rii>fl^y ; ftilidly it cutis*!, in ihi: fomi uf ii sin-rlci i^ciitloman, ^^iio uivilly told hint 
IhiiL [ht! dii^^H his ni.L^tei", |i^d \^\m cbli^d to \^\lv^^ hosnc 011 hu^iicss ti^iit cuitUl 
niJi bL- tJtspcnscil with, jind chtn f^ire mnst d^ii^- liitn^lf ihr- plLM-^nn; of |hu viMt ; 
hut Ui hu" lifwl piiplijtlpfy U\.'iiM Ai sum*; e.^lhi 4iX]iciiiiii: m ljjiiiiu"^ su f-u", htj lnj^L-d 
hitn Lo j^ci;C|>t oE lilty pisliJc-^ as ;i jcrnuncratioiin 

KliIh!I]s rrfusctl Liie ]pi^cutcs, and coufd not forhcar -iddine eIihU he: hml 
"brought th^o tlJlUl=^lnrt :iloi]ir with lli^l^ wJiirh hu had m^nt to spcrnd :tt i>is 
fioui't dticcjiy thi: lif(r^:ii iliiy^ Ilf wmi? i» pjii^tid liuru-." 

TJuj iruih uMs thm whoai 1]ort Jcjlm wj-s informed thjt Ru!]cns wtts ctmiiikg 
in the sly k- uT .i piincii fasti] Idi^s^ it ^I'as wliolJv fojx^JU'^ nj liis |ihin ; he wii^ a 
^rt^it lover ijf |>.iijuiEijr, and fud wished to ?h.x him as an arttitt, lit therefore 
determined to j^rcvcnt t]]L^ ilslL 

The scconiL marrisip; of Kuh^n-;, ^^ith flckn^i Tormjiv ^vas, no kb-^lhnn the 
firstt one of aJTrucirpci ^ ^he lia<l ercnc bi^-iuty, and im-cmu*? v\ nitjtld fur his ptrnMil, 
fils favor with chi: yrtJi izocitiiiutzd. xVEjty dc Medici vi,^u^ him 4it hii own 



'^ 






&. 



W^ AliTlHTS A\D AVTIlOr^S 

home mcnj? than ance; and Ihc hi/.niia T?ik"U:i v^ms so miicli Kiiisfiod wiih Tfi* 
ml^on In ipuin, ilut ^hc siiit liini lo EngLuiJp to iflunil the deposition oi iho 
govcjtimcfll on ihe subject of j peace. 

Rubens (Jisclcjsr^l isl this Embassy Itis dlplonntii lnlcnis i iK' fit^t iijjpcared 
rhiTi^ In his chanittcr o£ aitiii, and iiiEciisitilv h^'^n] tspchn the Canliil^nce of 
ChnrJcs- The king tvqnc-^tt:ri him tfs jjnint ihn il\l^U\\^ ti£ tlii; h^inc^yc^Tin^-Fiousc 
Al WhJLchall. WliiEt he was cinploytjd iijjon il, Ulurk^ fctiiLiLiilly Vf^iu-d him 
and cnticiscd the work. Ri^hcci^f, vciy naLui~^Llly iLiLruduciLi^ the sul]jrc;T, nind 
hn^rii^^', frnan fhe tenor of his Convcr^iiEton, iliar he vv'is by no j^tiiis ai-ersc to si 
pcfiirt wifft -S|Min, ai lcngil> produtr4!d U\s credentials. The kin^j rccei^'L-d bi:^ miii- 
9on mru^t pacit3Usly, and Rubcv^ r^Hurncd lo the KuLh^JiUnd:^ ert^wiLvd with 
horjor:; mul i.nocej>s " ' ' "" ^ -^ ■ 

Hi: had p-isj^-ed his AftleLh year ir'hen his health iKg.iii to fail, .uid he w:!-^ ac^ 
lltCVcd with A 5tverc ht of the gOuL Tho?c who l>avti uilnewcLd ilic iirltHntiObi 
atteniL^T^i tijion il^at dtsOiUer will H'^i>pT"cti:ite iln^ [iL-rfeet htimiony und ^^i^nili^ntfia 
llkiit cxisetd bul^vetn Kuhens nnd h[g wife. ^Vnii uniiriFis tcndL-riLcss she de- 
votud huTj^lf 10 hiniH and ^v^vs in^L-caioua in tlc^'Lsin.;G: alfeviarions and comforts. 

^riic; i^vctc attacks of Kuhinas' din-onfer ck-lM!ithif4.d hi^ framen yet he conti})- 
ucd palaitliig jf hi^ c.is*:] jhnost to the l-->-^c ; nwl ^tinid fnifferiny and sickuc^ 
nei^tr fjfkd ii^yinfii^fhe L^nci"^' pf hUtlkcc 10 liis pielurirs. lit died at the w^ 
oiswiy-ihK^, id tht ytir 1640, Ii^svlnj; ^r^-aE wL-alth. The pomp and einjuni- 
Onnec of funeral tlie can unly b^ of cctnsi:(HJ4!]tec as showis^R tlie eStinlatii:Mi in 
t^+[ch Ji dciiiiled ciiii^en is he)d. Public funeral h^i3ll:^t5 ^^'ere uivrirdedn afld men 
of i^vi^ry rank ivn^fti cagtr Co mAnifcsL thtir rtsjkict to his mesnOTy. IW w-ig 
buried in th^ Church of St. James, at AuEwecp, under [be ^ihar of iil^ priv^4(e 
rhapct, wliieh Wiib decnrated %^'trh one i^f bis oivn iii^blc pifliii'C& 



([606-1669) 

iJRltETlc Trt arc Rentitmndt wm to many of hh Dutch contempo- 

r.iric'o J ii^ US he is ihu rnjs[c;r, supremo alilic in gei]ii]5 suiJ acrci]Ti- 
lillshnienrh llecaiise^ as limt; wenc on^ he broke completely Irani 
trjdllioji and iit his work gave full play to his originalicyp hiP pitt 
urts %vtrc lot^ked at askfintje ; because he eiio^ 10 li^e \\h owtk lifCn 
itidilTcrent lo accepted conventions, he bLmscIf wai> mi^cndc]>tDodr Ic ^vas his 
Cruel fac^ [0 i^njf>y pr^JSptricy and popularity in his e:ir!ier ye^rji, oi^ly [o mueE 
with ne^lLcL in lii^ old age. But this lie (elt prol>ably lL^^^? than other mt:n ; he 
wa^ not a courtier^ \vith Veiasquez, nor vowtfl lo Wc^rldly success^ with Rubens, 







Ml : ■ *--.* I. lOL^] 

1 ■ . "* 't*^ '<"' ^^' I ^ tti ii, 

■ "-T ■ - ■^.' ■ L. I . in-t'ni_il Ltllb 

" ,nil lit WflM 41% 

-■ I ■ m uiiL-si 

^ :^^ .<■ I tL I. A vri-iti hiji_ I'lb' U*iii'^^ 



fiKasjii iu afijou aii'i' T/- Diuatt an sihaw |^^^ ^J^^ 



1 1..- ^ ,-^ ■ H ewaJJiw rp^^3*^J,w 



"■*< *h- .iLirfi OL hi* pf!v;UC 



[^lirtu^L'^ 






^;\;i^jW>i; r-^l^" f 1"+- ui^ ?- ' . ^ -I ?:i *vr, tbc lMi4i*" t hPuj-li>[dy from 

""jp '^^J^* Luijirn Ti ,iii.] 'H !i[ta -^iF I jjv> Lrll (viY" m lir^ 1-1 i_-_i_Jrt^\ hT*: pij;t- 
rv-^:-Vh^- i LJT^h "ill; n-nL" I .cP j-lf-jj ■; ■iri.'^Or-i, Ni - Ijir^i" Jd lll\- ^lis Ou'H lift, 

CtLxcl [^ttr lO -^Mj^jy i^^b^l^lJi ilLifr _--]'^iln>v ]j^ |-i- ..-^l^^■^ VrJr^ Otkly JO inctt 

^vtth aii:^!r'Ll ij1 hi^ dIp^ iir^ It+i Ihi- U^- i^it f^v\r.\\A' l^ -^ lIhh other men ; he 
Ai-nt not a viJLiiT^i. rt nK V- It-r '.- ' .u -.'^^vnl i-' xi-r^^ly fuctic^ with kubtii^ 

■i ■ *, 1- l4» 




k^. 



■^ . „ 



J 



REMBKAN'IJT 



Ml 




IJl^ pleasure and hfe itM-iirf, lit toun^l in his went, ^f^ Innc ;^s ^hIscI .mJ 
4;:iiivj.^^ bru^Kij^ and |f^iiLiK wm- left ui Jijm, he dcma^(E■^I tiin jn"€:aicr huppini-^K 

Hon^ Rtn>ltniiHlt \m\^ born iti ]6chj^ ih^vki^h this 

il^iv hill Ik^ch rJispuCijilH ^i:>rn4^ sLnLhoriLic^ ^Liin:;c*ii' 

InjJ l6o;r_ uthi^r^ ifloH, llij^ Inniily wrttr jir'-iJCL-t- 

'Mci if (Sfit di^unHLii'Uii^jtp Ipiar^rhfi-s, Itis fjiLktrt. I l.ir- 

nit^n nt'rrrcsKfjiin, Iw^ing j cnjlirr hy irjicli-, hi-^ ni^Nth* 

tr^ NrL^ltJtu \Vi|]cmj> "I I^l|lt^lJtJt^k, ilir ^Linght^^r 

ui 'A baktr, Xt^i uncil t-j^rh" In lln' ^ci'^^nti-^^tith 

crntuTi' fCiil |k-rniint.-ni Kumsbmc:^ iKx-omt jjoninnm 

4iiiion^'' DntLJiinuLi ; hLiJu^rcn cMlilrcii liniri lifon ^iv- 

L^[i Lht^lr fjiihiT'!^ in miiliiiuiL fn fhc^lr <jwn Clirl-^lLim 

iLhTEiL-; ktnibfanJt fur noiiy yu^q-^ %^'qs I^iuh^vii j:> 

kL-iiiNr^inilt rLirnKNi?.iirjii, i>r tht^ ;^ii L>f UjinUin. 

lIuL rliu milk-r, to 1>l' in the ^j-owinR fhi^hi'^nn h?id 

u.ill-- I him^df V^n Rjn— uf tht- KIiiik-— nml thus, lalrr nnn llrrnl>rniitlt nlio 

^ij^UL'tl Jij]n^t:lf. lliiL'mk'^ti \v^\^ wl^I -i-^-l^j ^ liij tjwi]cj houh^:^ m ixviint, wnc3 

beyo]ici tiic wall?, ijjiTduus *i^tl ficU^-n sUiJ lI]h; mill ^vh^-rt Rt:rtihfjndrH Uttfiiiftc ^le 

ont* dtrw a mii], tt-as sujipo^rd uy hn^c btxn iM^rn- iSut iht-Tc ^i-as nci re:iwn frjr 

*^^;c!tjt!rt iQ move frf^iTi a c<jiiirorL;*lp|i: l>r>LtJic fn ro^vn intu ^^h rsi^ilc ^uartct^ 

iiiiil it i^ rilort' Ifkcly ifi-it Hi:ni]hri3iitliV l?irth^^t^*^t.■ u^w the hoLi&t' pahicctl r>nt fn 

[hn,- XontL^iniJ*: StrctL .\ ci'imrtUTrinl L'l^u'rr h^d luit.-ci tJius^fi i<>r Iki-^ four fc."ptdcr 

hruthuT^. ILut 1 3Hirmcn^ hi^ TEiciins ^lIchivinE; eIk Inxiirr, d{^i;jdt.'tl u^ nuku c^f liis 

nfih ^on hi m^n uF letters :iniL LMrnin^, ^\\\i KmiUmnrit ^^^vr^ ^nf tn thu CnLVtr' 

sity uf Li^ydt-n. Tli-it It^ih^i^lio^VL-^Y-cr, hsti sinnH ch^trm fot hint, ^^'^i* dear f f otii ilv: 

ihc i^iclbrti af Litcas v.^n LLy^L^a, iihich h^^ cuuhl louk ai [[? hL^^ htr.irt'ii eonttint 
oii giitt cLiy^H ivhcn rliu Town Hall, ^vhtrt: iht^^' hun?. "^fu^ rKrown rusim Lo the 
pa-jli^, IJ js laonrs cif study Wen: lc*;s [irJuliEulilc ih^n hla hounsof nrcreatlon vvhtn 
ln.^ Mmlj]*^il in ilic^ <;oLiiiiry, tln>jn;^j l]fs faifhiV.-i Ljy(:j]i\ ^Lflcl. SDmctiniL^ ti^ f.ir lw 
tin- Staj J strti;h-bnrpk, tlH' cllJ]^.*:^^ airir. IDr salt *:in]iS|iLinl<]nh Ctrtailllv. in- lI]u 
tin^C he \vn<y [idccii, s^h ^nnny wdce tllL- [irraiif*^ nf hl*t li] lEi lit' fc^nct.' t^> iIil^ 4_1.isj;i u'-i 
ninL lits Utvc iiij" art, thsit l»s fjiltL^r, ftitrificin^ hi:^ utrn ncnhiiiun^r i*llowtd ktrtn* 
lintnUl rt> Ilmvc tfht: nriivcTsily dir the ittidio nc \*.i]\ Swan^-nlfcLirir]!. Frs>ni llJ:^ 
fl.l^" forth, hi^ lifi:'s history is cohl ia the ^inj^^li: motJ — -work" his ]LidL_H]d was Lhu 
^L'k^iuS uf hulLib^trh'. 

\'.i3L Sw-LiU'iiliLireli i],it1 BiudiL'd iii li:i|y ; bm hist^wi^ p^iljiiln^, to JutEf,^ by the 
\tiw «^:;lnl]llcs ^til] In e.-^isitiiCL^ ivas enLirtli' ^oiwitionplL^L^ I'liaisc: ytitrs were 
tsuirt than iin>Liirh td bL^ pas^cfj nn^ItT his tuiL]oE]H Ai [liu end of tlit [liird^ Rem^ 
Lir.mdE wt*[it to Am^U-r^him, an^l thiriv mttrt^d the ^ttidio oE Lrintmin. I lis 
siM>jni[ ii^Hi^ti^r al^ 1t^L ^tuiLli^cl tn Itrilv, am] also was li jh'tinttr uf rciL-dicatjr^ ta|^ 
es^t. popuhir in ]iis o^n tTnit*;— chc AfKlles ol the liny, he \^\ii i^all^d— tiui re- 
nic^mhercd t^o^v' clLJcHy iM^cause of hi^ relatione t^? hi^ pupil. Frotn tiac lirsL 





S42 ARXrSTS AND .^LTJIORS 

kt^inhmndt^ c^^cn [f obHet^l to piicil. the suick ^uhjc^^K ^^i iht ctrtj\ fl"ili tk'to 
iiiLiii^d to Lruat Ll]ur[i tii tiis o^^ia WAr^ hIHi! fiue it» tullcj^v ^| farms tK.it h^pya iii^d 
ta be ndopterJ in [hi.' bi:l]{)Q]^ He tiscHi nziil tncq :hiit| ■^>»inL-n for lnfMIt'l^, .^cid 
pa[]iLLjtL tlii^n 35 lie E^Liv tJiurn, not n> h^■ lVL]^ biilclLiia to Uiuk =it [iicui rijicjiF^^li his 
£<i;icl]or's s|}cetHic:!cs. In ^i\ rnontli,^ fi^ h^ni k^ii'^^n! jii Itnsi isnt Lhiti;;, ifiut Uist- 
mjin J]H-ihJ i]orliin^ mi:ij"c to tc.ii:h him. 'I'K^r m;iii ui ^enlti-^ niu^t c-vtr hi- liis <i^vii 
ina5tGrp (linugli liu ["cm^irt ih^ hnnl-workuiji ^Euil^^tii. ^i!l his il-iy^^ lS.^ck in l^v- 
dttn and to hi^ l-illicr'^ house, Kt^rnhniii^U had iiui i>^iuiiiod to Ipjd i lili: tjf i^ilc- 
ittsi tie; ^I'iJiktd ircmcnJyXi'^l/ eh that: cafly yciirs, Ei'j^n iieedtd iiu-th']^ he 
f^kiTid in iKi; iiit:nil>iir-'i of his fmiiily : he hni-^ ma<ie riic facv of ki]^ mocjicT n^ f.i- 
mitiar niji Ui-n of u frit;Fid i hi*; n^v'it, wnU the ftcAvy ft-jitirix'^ tJuj tlictrk. Imsfi^^ 
baift tttc sniLill iutcUfisenc tzy^.^ httu'c^n tJ^im iIil.^ verril:^ll line, (lIsI dte|>L^iiing 
Cfd :ho fine fort^iaciidn ht: Jjt^v' :^nJ etchud nml pLiiiiit^l, ni^^^iiii -ind ag-niiiL ^Jc]re 
ejaborfltt toiniJij-^Ltious he jI^j dLid^Ttfrnkr .la iii his TnntiLniy, it i-ms tcj ihc Ui* 
bk he mriiiid iot -^niy^^^^lioLis j S-iinl Psml in prl^m, SLimniin aiul D^^lildih. the 
PrcSuLHJCiori in the Templ*^ — che-^ ^wrr. die thtuirs ^\^i^^^ in vfiiiMt w'hicli lio |jrc- 
fi^arrcd, fi^ndcirinjr them ii^itlt tlie rcaLL^m whitli [iiViin^utshal liis later, more fa- 
mous Siiimons iind Aliraham^ mid Christs rnnikirtp them the niorf^T? for h1 fiaie 
flrrm^i^muiil of eo]oi', tor n strifclni; ^ttidi' "f Jf^^fit -lairi r^Jiotlfjiv. A pk^'^iint pict- 
ure Olio CcM\ f.Liicy of hi_t lifu :iL il^-^ jiizrloil ; hr iiMS \%^!tIi hi-^ cnvn ]lLVl]^te, for 
whom his love w.l? tcinler ; huiy ^v^iih Ifru.'^l], |aL;nell, qnd tn;ltli>^!-ncc^[llc ^ hc was 
stftzJij^^Lheiiing hig iwwers of oh^ri^jllort. tk-\\-lo|>irte -ind [M^rlcclhip his stvlcp 
oce.istoLLilly ]irorluuiiif" ^vork th:tt \voii for huii ii-iiciwn in lHi.'vdttt : niidn h^^^I^'' 
allyf lu: ^Lherod roticiQ him ^ ssn^ll ^^rtiup cj[ L-.irncst f42llL>^h.'-^voH;*:rs^ thitf 
amo]ig Lhi^m i^ievens^ Gtrard Uou, an<l \^an ^'lici. chc Lisi tw^t, tlL[]u|;fi IjuE 
fJigl^tly his jiinioK^, looking up EO him ^ injiitcr. 1'Jit.^w ii-eir ihr yt^n> of his 
true :i|i|Jn'ittici^^hip. 

I^uydc;], hou'L'VTr, ^%M5 ciOt thelH-st place lot" a ymiLiii; painter who litiiL lii-^ lort- 
unc5 fio m^ikc. It \>m*- i^sheiitifilly Ji nni^'ti^iiy ti>iVLi ; Liittie?i was ^loistLiiir.iifd 
upnn kitcr^; ml ^vn^ Lul of sccondarj' cr^nsidcmtion. It wns dilTfrvnt iit Ajn- 
fltnljm, the pfv^t ctjirtmorcSjl centrr <sf niJliinil. Tk^ve, alt wn*? life LittiL atjiiv- 
ity and prr^jf rtmi Chqre, w.is moiu^y m in- spent, imr? ch<: hhiT.d pjiron YvilliiiL^ co 
hvisll il xipyn the irtisL lltJIaiuJ jusl thtrn wm^ in ^!ii: Jlmt JluJi of jji'u^perhy 
i^tid [>iirtteit:iniH followlnjjj uj^on her yirtiul ifiikptndiznK: from Sp^tin, N'ot u 
Cclia-'H but t'liJW^^J with self-respect at k]i<i thoiijFht uf [he vkiorj" he l>ail, ^t^ one 
way cir inoElaer^ h{;1|)ed to win ; [ht st^tc, tii r^^pr4!SLMH<:J !]h' (ht ^>i>rt I>ur>;h4^n^ 
was supreme tn e\^^ry mnu^ii mind. Tt m';i.s ni^turdE tk^L indlvidunik ^ind c^irfioni' 
tif^njf :iiikL^ :^hi»nld Sccik to immurtali^^ their ^reitiK^-^^ Uv n^LMu^ nf [i^c piiintLi'Ei 
art, which, in tlolhind. hsid hmij sinee ceiWd to 1>l' li iiitnupoty uf tJit chnrehr 
lli^nuc [he aj^c bcoamo <^5sen[i^Lhy on.f' of |iNrtrji!t-pjtiih[iti];. ^-kn^' n'crc the 
piintcfs w*hoiie pnrtrrirs had ^^^ci^dy .iLhitvcrl di'^linetiiHO. iHc Kevstr wijs hujiy 
in jVmnttT^iam ; a f.ir ^c^^icr c^^niu^, l-miVr 1 1^1-^^ hut llftL-ei] ye:it^ llemhmndt's 
Hnkar, vnjs etcatlns; hi^^ jTi.LM4^rpit-t^s hi Tlie I hy^r^ liiuI llatletn I| vjJts fts in» 
Evtcahic that ku^mhmndt skuLild turn w ponr^ijnir*^, ah ikat he sltuuld hnd eotn- 



inl^^ions less nicmcruii? in Lcyck-si tlui^ in AmstL-jdnni, Oti^ti in the letter town 
hi=>^rvJK:o wcic rc:L|uJrctl ; so oriuii. imhtnl, ikat at liil, [lIjolji j6^], iviu'ii he 
^i^a.^ just t^vcnty-livt^ ^^c stttltd ilu-re |>*:rL"niint:nlly slihE sct. up a ^Lutlio of hi^ own. 

Slccccss wn? liiS frem the itari. .^iikr iifter sitter soitylit him cucr in hi^ 
hoMSd on thnj Iiracrtgraf:lit ; tliL^ nifli^E dL-itingLiishcJ men inllkt; cdwn IhisltHtiJ to 
p^<roniK-j hjin. iJJ-o work wjs Ifkecl hy tin: bur|^^hors tvltom fit p^uc^tidn its 
ai-t^rigth WhIs felt by artists^ avIio^o canvast-s siaoii siiowod iis inFlutncCr Atlmir^ 
CT^r cro^i'dtd t43 his ^iiudio. Ht IliJ tkot b^xn in -AmitLirJ^m ^ tivtlAtnio]Uh 
wln^ii, before !ic; xitis yet Lwenty-six^ lie wsis entrusted whh nn orrit-r of nK>rc: thjm 
nstii^l inlportancu. Tliis w^s the iiortr.iit of Dr TliI|j and liis ct:isfi of turg^ons^ 
Ilic famons "Ltsson in Anatomy" noxv in tlie O^ill^iy at Th<z U^c"*^. The sub- 
]tLt at the time: wM:^ very popuiar. Many Eirti-oCs De Key.-icr :nnon;i olliers, had 
sltei^fly, Jii pSLinrinEF i^rocninent surgi^ona, pl:fcL;4^d rliein arounj thL^ silUjeer they 
were djs^tellnji; bdi-al, this \v^5 the ariatipLinenl invKleJ Li|>on by ihe surgeons 
tfit:miit:!vts jntJ, 3is lliL;tc ^tms lo h.ive bet^ri no limit to ih^ir r.nnti\ '* Lesions 
in Anntiiniy ''were ^tnlost as plentiful in Holland as '^ Maclomus"' jn Lmhna. 
R<;mhmTiduii lii"^ eomiPositicn was iiinply aJliuiinf! itp aecc|H4^d imdiiion. It ia 
true th.sc hi; instillcil Life into a y;roup hitherto, on other pahit^^i'i' e^t^v^^^ stiff 
and jiurfncielory; ^^^^ iFiocigh the picture wji a ivonJerfLtl piodneiioat f ^r a man 
of hi:^ yLMHi, ti is not n? Jn; ranL:i-d witli his ^rc:i[cii ^-ort. 

C^jniJuls-^Lona noxx" jn^ured in still faster. It wa*i at this rime hi: psilnleJ 
several of lii:j best known portraits : the '' Ma-^tcr ShipbuHder and his Wife/' cit 
^tfcsenc in lluckii^ham Palaei.^ ; that simply mEir^^4:llLjn5 old woman at the Na* 
non^l Galli^iy in Laiidon, made; familiar to c^erj mic by countless phota^mphs 
and oiIllt reproducticm-^ ; i\w man in niff aaic] w^mnan in coif at the liruni^ 
Wiek ^Inseiim; and a score of others ^c:a^ue less rnijiDrt-irtJ. VVtlh jnerta-?ing 
popularity^ he \ras able lo r,-gmnian<l hi-i own prices, so ihat onlv a part of ha 
linlcM-as it nece^-sriry for him to devote to ihu' portrnit^ ^rhich %vcit his chief 
sonrcc of income. Dutiaiy the leiifure he reser^-cd, he pjin^cd hihlical subjceb^ 
ei'i^r hi^ delight^ and made tfchings and drawiaias, t^-Hny the mo-^t pri]^ed treis^ 
urcs in the \™rld's ^cat ^nfleries. As in Ley<f<jn, ht drew ftliout liicn students e 
a few, notably Ferdinand Uol and Christophe Paudiss, declined, in their tun^. to 
g^h\ ]iame and fame. Indiffer^-nt to social tiaims and honors— sin indiJTerujiL^ 
the imrgiicrsH his p.itrons, found it Jiard to tor^nve, hi^; one rtmu^mcnt v-^as in e'>l- 
leeting jjictures and cngra^-ingSp old stuffs snd jetrds, and tv^rv kind of irfi>\i- 
^«r, until his huisj^ in Am^terdfim ^vas a vetitjl>lc n^uictini. Thii eniuscmcnt 
later '/jjs to eoi;[ him dear. 

Four jisars^fttr the "lesson in Anatomy" xx-as pahued, tv|i(;n lie \v'a-s nt the 
hcEght of proaperi[j\ m 16^4^ lie n^.irritd ^askia v.m I VIcMilwrch, the Sjski^ of 
so many an efchitig And picture. She ^va? of a ^^n I I -i.in faniliy^ and bfou^ht 
vvitli Iter a dowry of no mean propotlion-^ liembrandt^s marri:ig4i made small 
changes in his way of llvinfir Into the SQeletj\ so rc^y to r^^ceive him^ he nevc c 
Went, wot even now that Im hnd a wife to intJOdu^u It Imreti him, ^nd Ii^ ^^tl^uo 
toadj^ to waste his time fav^nlng U]>on posibje paimns. "When i dfeiit to ruit 






^14 ARTISTS AND AUTHORS 

mv spariT, t do not seek iioiiof^, liyi lifatriyp'' WM^ lais es|>bnntiori. The conipaiv 
fDE^sh[j> t?f Hrnsts he ilwjiys wclmmf^tl ^ scrnictimt^ lit vlslti^J the hutVLblLf l»jrylk 
es^ wti05C xvij's were oa simpk' a$ hl^ own ; Mirciiiric-^ Ins sought iln: humiHltsi 
cinsica oF all, because of lhi:if picturtsquene-^. [intL his ajnlcmporrLrifs took hiit 
to task [or his pt-N vcrrt(.-d i^stt (or iov/ ooLi^p.itiy, Tiii.^ rriiih is llinit Jilways h*r dc- 
voa-d fiJnist^U solely and ^^"holly tt> his sri ; ihe cjiily tlifTt^rein:!:, olim lie ^^^El5 inntr- 
riud, ^^ns thRC.whirn he ^i al his l:-isc1 alt day tar oirr his copper [jhiLe, and ski^uh- 
book fill ch'eninfi, Saskia xvjs ivi[h him. Sin; sh.ircil all ht^ intJjrcsrs, ali his am- 
biLbns; sht liid no \vi\\ bai hLS- DurirLfi his workmg liours, she \i7ifi hts model 
oli^;d[t:nl to hia call- She nc^cr lirL^I of ]>o?i]i=^ for hiii\ i>or hu of p^iinEiiig Ikt - 
noxi' sipn|>lv ns iS^sWii^ no^" a^ Dulllah fcjstsiig xviih S.3Tn>on, rts Suh:inn:l j^u^- 
p^i^':t! by tlic Elders, a5 the Jtivlsh [!tiFOtlK-d ai hertoiloiL Sonnjllmts h^ feprt 
Scnt4^d hes" alonSf samctimci^ ^'ith himself :hL htrr side ; once, in the (-iiiicmt- DrtS' 
rfen portniit, on his knti^, ^^ if ro prochtiri] tlit love they hcri^ for one irnojhcr, 
AchI he, ^^ho coLdd render falihrLilly |hc w.ijs of tlie huggai-H ili^^ ^lUTiiere btsuzk 
fif ihc liirglierp for hhnsclf ;ind Saskia found no ina^ni^rRclini! Too Ray Or CX- 
^nivaj^iiL In inve;]tln;; eosiasncs for theic own poiirniit^ he jjn^c his e-^uiier^nt 
!,mcv free phy : In j^orKi:ous i^nibroidtrcd roljtis^ iv^ving plumc^, nnJ pricflt^s 
|TL^nt^ thev armvecf tlicm^elvt^, until even the resources of his eulluciion wutt ex- 
h:hus]ed : the ^^in^; rich minLlL% [he same Jwv*l9 ^ppcar^ anJ rtMppedi" in piciiire 
afcur pkcuT^ 

Rtmbrandi's i^hort mtirrtcd years were fiappy, tlmus'i n^'- ^^'ichouc their sor 
YOWfL Of Saf?kiLi'^ Jiiv Lhi|dcL-n. four died m iiaf:int:y ; ilK- Jj<ih, IIlus, xvas nll^t a 
year old wliun, in 1643, the cmJ came for S^iskla, :\M Utrtlhai^d^ xvho had )usl 
r^^aj^hcd his ihirty'Stvcaull ycaff was left in hi-^ grtssl houst aloiae with :in infant 
Bon Eind bis pupik Her coiilidencc in bim is :ihoxvii by hizr willn in which i\\^ 
inheriLimec of TilLiS is tt-ft in the ra[|]ci'S cfiafHt- chough slfeody RtmbrEindfs 
nff-tjri niu^it hiive ai^^en sij^ns of coming eoniplie^itJOTis, 

Msieh of his ht!"rt. work icniaincd to be done. i>iL[ jftor S-iskta's death his 
^Torldly fOTWnea and his popularity never agnin TOUirhed aieh bi_nli-wjter mark- 
Th^ ren^OL^ forlhkia not far to^cek. Dnrin^; 'A] riit^ ytars> l^anlrandl's pow- 
ers h&J inacurtd, bcs methods hrtKtdrned. mid his Sndivlrinality j>-treny:tlicne4 
Wtih cich new evinvasn his origin^-^lity became morL- con5|iicuou^ It wab not 
only tbut the world of natun:, ^md noi muj^inatioFi, su]iplied his mcHkck Mpny 
of the Unteh pain[L^rs now were no less fo^ah&t? than lit it W3$ not imly tisac 
he solvtjd certain [jroblenw of -'^f^/-*^ (Vr/;rL7, thuji ^^■c-^c mm. like iJeveni ^h-lio 
Were :ts eager ^ts he in |he study of light and shadow. But l?tiflhr-"Hidt hrtmphi 
to his every ej^i^rimc^nt an jmUpenfLt^ncc th^iL slLlr^k'd the iivcti);^; r\Wu. He 
pointed well hccnuM^ he ?aw welL If no one else ^axv things a^ lie ilid, the lo^^ 
was theirs. Bui ho paid for his kt.e[a<^r vision ; beeanse ht dhd ciot pairti like 
ocher nrtisrs, his methods wcri] n]istrListL.-il. To l>e tni^undcritwid l-^ the penaltv 
ofgtnius. The j^tLturo wbinh^ of all his work, i:i now tl]e ini^iit fEiin&u-;. tnajki^ 
The turn Jn the tide of his itfTair^ Shortly bt^fore S-i^Uia's deaths be Katf been 
Commissioned to paint a iH^rtrau ^ronp of Hannin^^ L"ot:k and tii^ militan- com 




v/,-- 



X- 



-VJ I T- _ I—"" 



b-' 



,/^: 



;:*-■ 






p:(ji/ w?iich he commaiidtd Tisc^'c iiQriT,iit groups of the niilitarj'.coTpDraTtons 
ri^^iileti ill popybj'iiy iJus ^'Lcs-^ona in j\si.injmy." V^ich nieml^cr, or ofictt-T, 
|uid to Ie! indu^ciE Jti Llic ^oinjiosLEiuc]^ and^ as j rulcr^ a sIiITh forniii] [>ict.ureH wnh 
u.Lcli ijidh'jJunil ]>o£hjJ as tor a pliott^gRiplif w^ llic result, Rcrn]>niudt, a|>par- 
^i^aily^ was in i]o^vi>t: rt^-Jricccxl wlitn lit itmlcrn^ok ttic ^lOrk for B^nninir Cch:!:^ 
md so, in^tcail yf tlit stupid, h^^;kl^t;>"l;^l nrraniEcmiriil, he ma^c of ihc ponratt of 
till! ci:3Tii|^aiLy^ :t jiicLiirc: cf Linr^trd iiK-n nirir^3iiii^r ftimh to t^Mtiiig of dnirri? :inil 
^vaTJn^ of bninn^^rSp "Tht Night ^A'ntch/' ^^ it mu^i c^'cr be known — more ac- 
ciiraLulyH^'Tlic Sorlk o( Tliu C^mj^nty ofBnnnlnj^ Cdtk ''— now inthe liyks Mu- 
seum of AiTiHUTilam. W'nh ilic n^^n fot whcKii It wm; p;>jntcd, it proved a 
lailufL'. Thu yrou]jJn!!, tliL^ ,irniti^L truant displris^L^ tht^nt \]:my of tfic ijom- 
puny were left Jn de^p shmloii-, whkU wiis j^c^t thu privilt^iri: for whicfi ihtv liid 
3trrcr;(| [o pay pDOil tnouty. RtmljiundL w^^ not ttpe n^nn to tamplOmi^c. 
Aftr.T thj?i ni^ni' l>LLr);]]i^r^ ^^'llO U.itt-d ItlltLft fof llli.'1 [l^t:lv*.S :tlul thfrir t^N n fnlCn.^ 
&nd not in tht: ItM^^r for^iit, Wi^ju .Lfa^iad lo uiittu^t iltL-ir piirtoic-i to him Ic^ tlicir 
itiiport^ince uil^rht Itc sieritictjd to the |}niriter'^ ^iTouts. C^^nnln ^t k tiint six 
ytor^ lilted ill ] 64-^^1 ii'hen the inikpendc^nce Qf Holland w.is fi^am:Jlv ftctj^iJKcd 
it [he Congtv-iwol U\'sL|>liLili.LH ihoujrii Terljurir aaid Van dit I lulst edir^nitc^d iKe 
event on L'Ltnv:i:i, Uumht^nuk's wr^lees ^™tv not st.T:urt:d. flufHt fricriids ^vtrs 
left to him — inL-i3 u[ inLdlii^oci^e \\1lo apprueiau^d hk "^Lroiu^ uadii-idujlhy ^mi tht 
£reit origiJiiliiy of his ivork. fiinniuj; Coek him-^t^lf w.i^ nor uniuntj ihe dlscon- 
tertte± A few leadiaii; citi^ensi, Hkn: Pr. Tidp and tlie Bur^oniLjstcr Kc-'<, ii'cfc 
iiver his dtivoled pAtrfni^ .Arrises still Gathi;rcii al^cjuMiim ^ [ULjiil^ still eruwdcrl 
lu lits studio ; Xieol.Ls yiwi^s, i^c G^AAvv^ Kntlkr amonji [hum. Mani" cnf h\^ 
finest ]:onT"ait5— Ehoseof tlendriekjc Stoffels, of bis s<jni of hiinsekf ua liis o|J ^yu, 
of tlui liurgonifi^tr ^i:^^ ahovc alln his nia^terpiee*.\ ^*The Syndics of the Guild 
of ClothiTiaken>," nnii' io ,\nnflerc[inn ; many i^f iiis iint-^f ^^rehln^^Sn lUv litUt Lmd- 
ficupe^. tht! fartuju^ " lIundrLdtiMUdL^r TVinCr" ''Chriil liealinjr tiie Siek/' belong; 
to this Ltt:r |}erlirHL ThLTt ^r.n^ nn fullui)! uB, but rariwT an inertti^ In 1m3 
poxvurs, despite tlie elouil^ rh.tt darkened hi:^ >^Lir? of middle ag*:. 

Of these douds, tliL djrkLSl\v,f^ due to hi^ iiriund^d (rkjuiilts, Reini^tandt 
h:id made lar^c sums of nwHjey : S-iskin'^ ihwry huij Iniei] l>y no menus _^in.LlL 
But hu also spenL LivislilVn 1 le hsid :d>i^t^^^Le]y ntJ businc^^ capacity- (Jnee he 
mis accuser! of miserltiiess ; tiut \tii wnuici at time-i kneh On dry bre^id and ^ 
|]<;rLinjr sensed ss repm.ie]i a^-icai^L hnn ; there w^^ a stc^ry cnrrent that his ]snpjls 
^I'Ould drop bits of ]jai}er painci^d in look like nir^riev in oi^Ut to ^^c bun sco<^p 
tu pick ihi^TH up. ISotli ehiif^i-s ^re ti"]0 foidi^^h to im^^^er yjrioinili". Wlicn lie. 
ivj-^ ijt wcirk, it mattL^rcd liitk' m hiin whnc he :tie, jrf? thrtt he t^'^is not dirturhcd ; 
who would ]int sTc]iNp to jsicl: up eouii nppzirentlh' M:.iiiered ^Jn the Eiijur ? Tlic 
mojiey he dented to ills Collection is sutlieknt to "^howhchv sni.dl ^ f.mey lie h^d 
for hoarding;; upon iL j prinetly fortnne hnid h^-i-n s^piaiidi^rt^d. To his {\\vr\ peo- 
ple in T.eyden^ wiion times were liard, he hatl nut he^-n sIom' to holil out a yen* 
erous hand. It w.is bceaiise he wa^ ncNt enouE'i of a miser, iHjcai^st he gave too 
llltle lu'cd to bi^snit^s matters. Lhac dinieultie-; at Im^h hNVL;rii'helmeL| hhn. It 




m 



21j3 ARTLSTS .\>"D A'JTJIOUS 

is loo sacl ^ sjorv to icll In di^riil- JVthH^|}i^ the bt^ifiitiii^ w^s ivhen ho tiought a 
hauw lor which he hsiJ noL iIil- rendv montv' lo psiVn nuJ Jpurr<>^vj:iJ h1 larj^c ^hib 
lorLh^ nurpo^T More Mi.i mure in\"tplv*^tl hcu^mlL^ hl'^^iiTaij's. In Eimc his t-Tcdi- 
tiztrsgrcw cljj^oron"^, \n\A it Ii:n_cili ilit IjIo^v fell whon, iti ifi^z^ ht; ^vas liccl^rt.^ 
OCic^krupi. Tin: cotJi^CLioti uf yt^n^ [lii; cnibroidcicd 9iiLintlt;]> ,tnJ cfr,ij>t;rjf-s the 
jewels \^'ith wliich SlwUih had l^t^n ^ i^yl/ tluckcil, thi: pJit^k^ nnd Ccii^ninJ ^yr- 
gtQiJs L(il?i.^ ML ^rhich hu hinl^clE h^ij niJSiiucrAJc:^^ tht nniit^r mtJ philc, <Iil^ tn* 
gR^'inssant! pictures whi^ii h;tJ filtt:J liis liouse— all wen: si^Ul He, lliu- [PJStCTk 
haJ^sii ihc.ijrL-af fifLV-ontJo bc^cift Ii^l^ =iiil"^v asif he wt-TL^till kit the r^f^prL^ncii.^ 

Tn ihc Tflitht of his in^ublej; ^nJ loii^c■^, IkniJrichiij Stuff*^!"^, whow: purcr^iit 
htiti'^ tn Eh^; Liiui"]'OH Wl15 ihr: rrit:ts*i who ctiet^tcil nnJ comiortL'tl Him. She hnci 
hc:cfl hiSiM^n'iirtt; afienvard she IfVttI wiili him hIS his w'Mc, thoo^h lej>:illy ihty 
vi^K not marritJ. To TituTs fts to htr own cliil^lrcn, ^he w^is ever a tcL.dcr 
moiKcr, ncid Tiltts, in iL-turii, *^*!Lins to h^vc hyv\:i\ iitr no le^ Wijli In Lhe cntl^ 
Lhcy lo^thi^i" raok Hjj?nl^niiiJ|':5 bii^iinjrf inlu^rc^ls into thtiir oii-ii h;niJri, the son, 
prpbiil>Jj\ ushkg hcH cnhcriHn*:e iii tltt iiiucrpnst RtOtt"S a hotcse in ihc^lr own 
ii]tmu\ chtsy became: liis [irim ^rjJ picture dealers 

lim a^ time v^tnt on, l^jnfjnnchN ti^uh lif^m-^^lu !ow-cjr .snJ lower ]>Hccs and 
he, liimstrir. the Liht tivd re^rs uTfiis h(c, ^h^h-^ ?ljn<i-si toj-yoiLen. Tliouijli IttiLtill 
lu'Cil in Am^trdjnu "l^e rowai from ii*bii,h ht lind io suldom }ourntyMlp and then 
never far^ he had FallLin lutq ^ti:li oliscuntyF l^at report m^w i;^fiililij>ltt:ij liim In 
SrocWio'm as painter lu ihn Kiii^i of Svveden, no^v- in IIuIIh or VnmtDLJih. In 
bis own L\m\\v nothiiic; but soirow w:is niMurx^ for htm. Hundnekje dit-^H, prolb- 
flhlv ahoLit ipnin "^nd he w.is once more aloti-; ; anJ neJ^c hi; lo>t TjtySp who ilii^n 
bjd Ijccn mnrrktl hut a f^^^t' short monthly 

FortLLn^^iely f-jr ]^t:tnhrjndtH lie did iiot loni: sunnve then^. In i6G^ at the 
B^.'or-s^MV'two, liisrtlu.tso c-jmc He wji-^ himtjtl ha the West Church, c[UteLly 
and j>ii]tpli-r "I'Klvreon lloiins liis hLrn^rjl ra^c, and even ihi^ sin=i]! ej^iiCiUK h^d 
to Ise mc;t l>y his daiightLr-n]'la^v, Whun an invL-ntory of hi^ po!«cE^s[ar>s WhIS 
tikcfl, thest> WL^re found to tomiist of nuLhing but hLs o^inn wardtolw and liis 

P-tiUlt-T'i tools. 

I^fc^t Ix^tiur tfsnn a niL^rt- fonnne, his work he lufl as an heirloom for all lime l 
hl^ dmwinu^H not tht k'.-L^ aanoLig thi'm withoitT tho stamp of liis genius ; hi9 



pricilSp still Liu^irrii^^fr^^H (huu;,'h i[ wa^ lit whri Elr-^t dtvulo|ied the possilnliii^ of 
etching : his jjjcmrt^'^ " pnnnLid witli liglil," h^s IVonitiuin has wld. His siib|t:cts 
he \my hart horr-m'<^ from the Ja-^hions und tindidon^H^f the time; certain mstn- 
nuriscn^ of iechnit|Ut [ind tirrang^mertt hU ptipili ninty have espied, Uui fi^r all 
that, lus Wfjtt l>uloi]!^^ to no speeial si^liool oj- ffroup i like all fhc \™rld's £T<]at 
mastej'pitct.'s, whuifitrr pi^diieed ij^ ^|Kiiri by d \\-la*itjHi.Kj en Vcll!C^: by a Titian^ 
in Enftl^d by ^ Whcsttcrp it stJtid^ rtlonc and aaprcinc- 



c^^oA-e^inM^^^Z^ 



WIIJJAM UOGAHTH 



^7 



WIIJ.IAM HOCiARTK 




ii 



IWj^-t hom," says llu^nirtli, in hi^ Mc- 
niyii^ tj[ hiin^lf, " In llao city of LoU' 



<luiK Nt>vcmlw:r to, 1697- My failii:r's pen, 
Ui,^"- |]i.l| ^f inLii]y jlelIlu^s lMiJ not en:ibl& 
Kim 10 do at^cin: ih^n puL Jii4^ hi li ivhIv of 
^LiifiUiC f*^^ tiiyb^'lf- Ai^ I liatl iirLtumlly a 
l:l>oJ cvc ^[iU [1 fot^tli^t^^ for Jrivi^iiagp ^hoivi; 
J ,klt ^trL^ ^.ii^4^ i]K- iiri< unimnn |>teiistire 
-.-. U^ti j^i it]fnii[ ; -HiiL iiU]ihi-n^^ i:4jniiTicjn to 
_lU clLildttrn, wj-^ n.'niLirknlik in m\r. An 
■ .ulv LLLt;tJ^ 10 n iiciirltfi&tlriH ]jiiinttT drew 
nv, .lUcnlion Truri] pliy, ji^d i ^vas, m L-i^ery 
;i(i^siUL- opfitsMLiniiyH tJnployLtl in mjhinff 
i!r,iwiLig=. J [Jicktd UJJ nn aL"quain[Lin*:L' uf 
tiio sjmt Uim, and 5^00" ttJirnL-d to dmw th<J 

ciM;^ whtn nt t^htjtil ^vt-rt niore tvinnrkiLljlii 
/or lliu orti£inii^ 111-4 wliitrli Hidorriuci tlii.'ni [h-in for Lhc c^itrlse Itself- hi the 
foriYic^r J &XH1 loiiHil iKlIE MriL^khtLHls ulth la-ittr mtmofics could mutli sufi>4i^ 
i]ic, hui for lhc InttiT I w^s prirt[c:Lt]nriy di^tingui^h^d^^ 

Tp thi% mxcuTit f^f I lc^;trtirs i;3ie]<IIioo4 ^vc have tmly to add that Hes f.sthifr, 
an crnrhUi^inT^Eii: tind l.tlnjaiuii^ Tidifhi^ir, wh^^ like many of his Lt-jft. o^vt^d little to 
iht fiiv[>r nE f(>rluin.". cgii^ultf<l thtj^' indic%hl lon^ of tjli^iH :i:^ wl-H as his inc^aais 
M-ould 4ill<Nw, Hiid fi^und his >t>Li appn■n1i^,t■ lo a 5i1vlt-|jLul- cnt:raiTr But Ho- 
jranh n^ipin-tL ifcLT ^^mtthEng higher than dra^iin^ciphet^ iiisd aput^pf-arms ; aaid 
iK-f^pn^ ihi' e^^>lnLt]on af hin indr-c^turi^ lie h^c^ nsiirle liinibi:]! a^ood dt'iLighl^ni:in^ 
tiniJ obtjlneij i;<ul^ifEE:ratjk LsiOu-ii^di^t; flF C^]liJtinir, It wa=t llis unitiitioca to Ik> 
come di9iEi^tJk'^Lic:d :lh 4^11 jrii^t ~ ^n^L not {^oi][LnL uith hi i[i^ thr mere: t^rpfin^r of 
intiii't men's pruducliun^ he s^iEi^ht to coml^iihc^ the funt^Lion^ ul ihu painter whh 
thurtu of iKc j_'nKfJver. mid I-j gain ihi^ |iov'vr of dn-HiieJilii^ his oivii idc i- .\z\^[ 
ih^ Iruii^ iy{ h\< Hicure c>b-4Lrv.:it[rHi. I le li^j; hitn^lf explaiiiod the nature oj hUi 
vi^w^ in ri i^ts^^t: ii^hii.h i'^ ivcanh h^tu-iiciupi : 

^'^Mnny ruasnn^ kil mn aj? wish thiic I could Utid ilit ^horr^T p&lh — la,^ furras 
and thLiriitterr^ in my mind — and in^iL'itd of copyinj; the lin^^s tr}' to tt .il lIu^ l.ni- 
guaKe^ fintln if ipossihie, llnd tiit ynnnm:Lr of l!ic art by hrincine into one Jocus 
thi" v,iriiin4 oh^^rv'atians I h:ivc innilcr, and thtn iTjIng by (ny pouer on tiii; ian 
V:3^ lunv f.ir fHv p|jn trn^tMed me Ut uombinc and ap|sly ihem to pr3ii:lit:tii For 
thi'f [nirpttsc^ I ^on^ittLTtd what I'liri^Lj:? u^vh^ LincL to x^ii.-tt diffcrtint ]>iii'|>osts^ che 



n 



' J 



-^ ■ - ^ 



AkTlSfb AND AUriLOliS 

memory ^upht%^ft]>|^fitri. and Il^II \i\>QTi on*^ mosi suitalilr tti m^^ i^iruiUHm nnd 
gJlc JtT>posJt[t>rt ; htylni^^ ii tUnvn lim a^ an axiom, L]>:hi Itc wUa L^Jyl^l In jiiv 
tntans aC{|uij-ir antl ti^tJiiji in hiii i-nrnirptj- perfect id^-as oE ihc ^ubJL^^r^ ]il^ mi^ini. 
(0 dmw, woultl haw -IS tlc^r a knflwlctlgc of th<\ figurt^ a^ u iiuli wJhj l.iu ^iTite 
frttJj^ hnlh c^f tin: a^cnly-lii-i: Ictitrs oE ilnj n[]jh.tJ>cL jiiJ ifielr iiifiniic cciniliiTiD- 
[i^i" Actmgnii tJn:so prirLci|>ltb, fht imjimvtd, ljy coiiMrtiir cxcrcjii:. Iii^ niMiinil 
pfl^'tTi; of ^J^^54Tvnfi1^^ rirnl ri^L^illc^ctiuu. AVc (iiuJ him lOfLCiilnj^ ||^^^Jl3J^^l fht^ 
muntrj, ntjw ai VaTinnuili rintl Jigain ai yptcrfihirjrciLLeh, fJit'tuhiti^ cvcrj^^rlivn . 
Tn liJK mtnfjli^ amchnc fJi^ iiioilcy sci^ncs iA i.opi^litri hu ^vaso^'er on llic- ^rjic^h (or 
strikinu Er^inre^ nr in^i^k'tits : Jiid ]^di iTu^cins: (niiin-ly co EJltLllor^^ he ^vas :tc- 
cLis[oj7ieJ, ^^'Jhtn nti^ (jitt- ^ruck him n^i \^m^ puccilFjfly ^'FTfL4iSf|Ut oa t:Apr4;i>^n"t, 
i<} sketch [t uti hi-s ihurtih-n.ijl, to lit itwihUri^tL ^Jj^ un ]injii:r =iL lii^^ rtiifrn htfrnCn 

For scrtii*; liiiie rtfttr the t^t]^]rJt^[Ml ut hw nppjT:n[]i;tol]i]>, llLfc^.ji'ilj inii]t]jiU4.'d 
to practise tht tcrtile to v Kjch h^^ \v.w SrtJ : and !ih ^hop-bilk, c<3:itml-:Lmjs, tn- 
gnivin;:^ upipti tankjrd^ etc-. Iiavjj iFL^n L^lluciL^fL with an cactrnt:^ tjuict: di^pro- 
poiliynilc to iheir ^^uliic. ?5tJoii ha^ jjpkuivJ ompltaymcnc in fiinn'^hin^ frfttilis- 
piccnnnd lic^^ns for ihc in^oka^Hurs. Tlic most rc-niiirkrthlcof llioic ;iro the 
J>htcs to an edition ^jE " llicJibnas^^' published lh 1736; but ^;^>n llu:=5c: arc of no 
distjniiuiahcd nuTit. AIhiuc ijjR ht btTjati tcj si^-k *:iU]jlovin^nt r^s a portoit- 
papntc;r. ^[ost of liis pCTrontianci-^ w(^rc smril! f^imily plulhjro^. LMiaitisining stveral 
fieures, wliich ]ic cidl« '■ C^mvpr^gtion l^it^t^." from iwclvo to lificLti icicIhs higli. 
Tbcsc for Ji lime \Ten? V4^Ty |pc]piilnr, niiid his pnictice ^^^as-coiisi^ldraLlep ns hispricfl 
Wii-ilnw. Ilk life-^i^e pnrtnkit*? nrc frv ; tlnj rnnst aniark^UU- irc [|int of Cop- 
hLin Ohrani, in tW "Foundlirtp Ho^pinl/' ant! [Iinbt <jf fWr]*;]: tis KinH Kicliird 
TIL, iihicli is ivprochice<l in the pasiilt vtjhnnu:. ilM hi-t pr-iLfic-c fts a portrjit- 
p^tlmcT wn$ nor lucijti^-c, nor liEiiS |w>pnWtiy la^rtnjr. Ahhrm-jh mnny of hit likc- 
ntriisc;^ were stnpngiimt charsLdL-risclcH i\\ the rcprt^cTihition oE Ik^auli-, ckpinct^ 
anil hsah-hRTriinjr liL-^^-a^ filclt: ^-Lilltd The n:itnreof The nMi^ w.t^-is uncnurrfv 
as lii^ ptrneil, ^Vhcn llo^^rLh ubrained ertSpWmtnt and eminence; of Hinoihc-r 
Mrt thr^ui^i his ^mndfrr-ful prfiits, ht: uLandoned pcprtmit-paintin^, wkh a j>r^>wf 
pit ihL- jcilou!ty of In^ pniEes^o^stl hrdhrtn; and thu vanily and Uindnes^of Lhc 
pcibliu 

Mjr4,li j^, i;;^, llogiirth cfniLrL<:led .1 siok-n iiiLirji.iyt: ^viih chi- onlv 
diiu^htur uf ih*-' oijce f^^shfoTiahlc pniiitiuj", bir Jljf]]l'-i TlH^riddll 'I'lJe fsitlKir^ for 
sot|i4 tiitic implacj^hhtET, relenEc^l at 1a^ ; ticid tliu reci^neilMtion, it Ls ^^idn ^^^s 
mnch forwardizii h_v hl-n .jilimntH>n o( iki,^ '"llarlut^ l^r^jgrcM." Ji series of ?ti:f 

IPrints, i:oinm^]i{;£!J in 1 73 d pii1p|i^icd in i7_i^_ T|tL^ novelty as wcr^l :is murit 

■if ll^i^ :^cii[^s of princ^ Won (ot theni csrrai3T"tlinary pupularitr ; ainl tlioir fiLL[;ei^ss 
pneourat^d hloLnirch i\.y ipn^crTakt b ^limplar hi^ton- of the " Rafcor's Pr<>^ri^}i5," in 
cyrht prims, vvk^h zipfaeJud in i73>. The third, and faerhnps tlie most pofaulatp 
iisit is [he least objri^lionuble o| ihtsc i^ictoml noi'ds, '*Mnrriagc,l Ll Mode," 
Wis not en^ravi^d liL] ] 745. 

Tlie mt^rlts of ihey; iirint^ \vcn -iuindenrly intellEh^UhL- u^ rhe public : their 
originiihly n-^nd boIJneSi of d^yii^ the force stud tretduiii u( iliuir exceuLion, 







■J 



r 



ur 

r 



z 



z 



H r 



4 

A 



WILLIAM HOGARTH ZVi 

mu;th as ic is, won frir ihcn^ ^n cxitnsirc: popiElnrii^- nn<l a rapfd ^ind cunTinucd 

mL I'lic '' IL^rUns Pro^rus^'' wastht; mw-i cmicitntlj sutc>^ssrul^ from tis nnv^ 
dtt' ruthtT tli^iii from it^ supcrit^r Lwccllcnct. Tu'tlvt limuli^^l sulwtrrHjt!!!?' 
nornL-; wur^ vhIctll^ £or it; k wa^ clmnintl^d iti sc^'cnil fc*m»s; and wt ttinj^ 
floiti Id lUuT^ii^tii^n tjf [|]<: ilirfurcnt^? nf p:i5t and j^ivst-qu niHimiors thit (an- 
inmListii WL-n: ciapjivid cwnTiiniiij^^ [^ilniaLurc ^:o[>ics of the sis pljics. The jnur- 
lis iiT thi- fiii^iun-s ^-cri; k-^^ t^liviciLis co ThL- (c^v %vho cuuld aJTonl tfi spcnj Lir^^^ 
sums on w-orki of ann fln*! Iluj^tirtli^ tO" |frcnLd lL^ let ihem go for prit:4;B tiiuch 
below [lw i^iltie whicli hr pul upon thtnt, ^h-.]iit:d for a long limt:, and wtihizd in 
\Min, for a jmrd^j^c^r, M 3ats[ he dct4.-ciTnneil tur Lninmil tUtm to pubitc -^ikj 
liut ;nfit--Mil oi ihii c-4jinmuFi mcrlunl uf iiuwian, fit- {k-vi^Ltl j mw and coiiap]i.-v 
plan whli the inioniion of u-srhtdinL; picLiarv-dcnibi^ and nl^%me mvn ul j^tnk 
artil wealth wlio wish^^cj Ifi pitrchnh^ lo Juclgm ^nrl biil foi- MiLm^lvts. Thi 
^hcnit f.ilkdn n3> miwht hate Ih.en CMptort-Jn Xhiettwn nf lloi^'Srth'F hixb pici- 
xirc5, ihe "Harlots fVoaru-is." lite ■' t^:tU's pTrjiFTH:f^;' tht "^'oiir Tim..^ of ihe 
Dav," iind "Scrollhig .Ufft?^^s Drowiiii;; ii] li li.nn" jirocluueLl onk /4;7 ^^, 
not nwruging /jj loj. cath. Tlic ^' I litrlot's I'rotrrei^ " was pitrchaajd l>y Mt 
BccklonJ at the i^it: a[ (uiirtrc^n jjul]tLMS ,1 piciun- : fivi: of ibe i^cm^ ptriihod in 
thelirral FonthilL The " R::ikv"i IWjrL-s^"aveiTij:rcd Uvcuiv-r^^n ijuincns a piuT:* 
ure; h b^ p-i-fecJ incci thi; p^^i^ion of ilrjohn ScajiL. a( [ht- adttiEKua i^t'ic^ 
fli livt htindrcd anil iieventy K«"i^as, The sytne tmiitctit ;iJLltit4.ct hri:ame ilie 
proptlL-ior of ihc four piaurr^ of an ■' liitizil^n " lor the sum of ^i,^^3. '''Slur- 
nuy-j ilk Mwlt'was Jwjjusud of in li siuiibr tt^:ir iu 1750; intl on ik- cLlv o| ike 
s-i!-: oitL- hicldtr aj>pejiLHl, tvho lnTame ma^Ur oi tin: si.^ pl*:iuiLi^, ctjpt:(fiL:r with 
tlidr frjim-^ f^r /Tii^ la^. Mr. Ansi'rsEt^id pitrdu^t^d tlic;ni.in 1797, for^'i^jS], 
artJ they itotv Eonn a ^trikinu fc^tuic tit tht; Xi^iional Ga]terv\ 

The satire nf [ftwianh wi; not ofun of .1 p^monnl nanire; but 1]^; kntw liia 
own poAvc-r, and htiomciimes cxurawd it. Twn of hi*i prints, "'ThL- Tiat^L^' pro- 
dicced.i tiioniJartMc fLUnirrel he[wcrn himsulf, oniinc: ^idc, and WIIIil-s ^Mt Unirdi 
hil], on thL-u[3icr Thcsatliv of rhn^ piiiitsol "Tht TimWtvhiLli were jtuhLl^hcd 
in 1762, w'A'^ Llia^icd, not Ji^in^c AVilkcs hiins^ir, hut hh jKilitical frit-nfls, Pitt 
;tnd Tcm|hlt ; nor i^ it .l^ »iic!it£r .i^ tr> h^ive r4.^]siircJ Wnkt.-n in Jc-feniJc of hi^ 
l^iTty, 10 ri^talijti^ ii|iiui nnt- ;viih whom Jre hnd lived in familiar ;ind ffieiiLJiv in- 
tt-rcourse. lie did so, l>o^vei^e^, In ra nuniher of the JiWiA /Mfty^, t^ont^ii^in^ 
nc7t i>Eily iihLi-^- o{ xht artist, htit unju^it and injurirKlS mention of hi^ wife, lio- 
p-trth was duL-ply t^onnd^d by llii^ atLtJjk ; he tist^rtecl hv the wtllJinutvn [wr^ 
tr»*itor WJlkcs wich tlu: cap of jiWitt, and he :irier\v]LnrTcprc>5rntcd CIturchill 
is a btar. The f|iLirrL-l vn\^ itnwurLhh the lalenis eicher dE tht ]inintcr or poet. It 
is more io h^j ri^gretled hccituse it^ t-ffcctR, as he iiim-^H inilritiitc^. t^u^rc Injurious 
to Kv^iFjrrh's dcthniui; lu-alth. aiie summer of j 764 ht>fient at l.lii^wiek, and 
tliL Eret airand tsorcisL- itnrkcd :i ij-^rtlnl ninmation of hissntnych. The :tnit;rid- 
inent, however, ^vii^ Imr cetnporan, anJ Li^ ditd siiddrnly, Octofjtr 26i\\ the day 
AfEer hi^ return w Jiis London midci^ce in Ldiq^c^tU, Square 



-AiK., ,' #^ 



3W^ 



AKTIi^TS AND AUTHUliS 



SIR JOSHUA REYNOLDS 




was, on \ii\y [6, 172^^, fsot'n Jt Plynijnuii, fi^miAll 
lo^^'ifc ii) Ui'Votihhirtp F-nc'^iBnl. Hisfailii^i'^^MiLa niii>* 
i*itt:r <>! tilt: pnciiih, aiul uI^j lUhL^i-r of tin: ^-"niitufl^r 
^hofjl : .Lcj^l Ur;iii^ ^ n^^iii t^l It'urriiiiy \xm[ [jliiljkii* 
ili[0|]}'. !it! ^Vbis hulm'cd unit iHj&|HrcLt:d liy nil iii 
wfkuin fn- tt'j-^ known. Shifh A inLinHiMvi]! nLiLurjIly 
l><j vH|i]>oxL^d, WM f^^i\ui^u^ in thv t:^iliivjilifjn of th4! 
iiiind^ ol lit-^ ciiildrcii. amonjr wlnjm his sou Joslioa 
^hollc^ ccmspiciioiLs, by c[ls]NlijMig nl a very tnrly 
luTiocI A hupc:nu]'ilr <?f ^Lni[['j ^ind c]]r j^^Eim^'iHs of 
Li coLTtXit ra^iHj. L'jilikt: uihci Ijo^s, ^vlio jr^ri]i.MHr 
ijfmtviiL ttie[]i!A.'K^cs wLih t^LXui^ iliicr^L 4:^|>lJL1uttLM1 
t^Tthcir^uthrpr, TTiinrcJLc:^sofhlsUt:iiitiL^^r liisf^iJlSi 
yc^uii^ K^ync^ld-T nit^'ndctl to fji>th Lhcsi:, Uis|>kiyinE 
-Q hnppv tcqnu'kJ^c ut whnt Uo r<"^^, ^iiiil ciUc^riD); \vi[U afduc incu Llicj ^jilrii ^jI J1I& 
^ihor. lie; disaj^cred likjjwisc I^lIciUs U^v wjiTipowlioiiH aiiJ ^ imiunh) pmjKrt* 
jsiry (□ drFi-wiutr, in ^^^liich his fricndji ^m^t intimaccs Ihouj^fif him ^jci^iliricrd t<j c-j^ttl 
Etiuil-taiijii ^fjs q dlSli^^i^l]fc|]!^ ch-inicu^rijfllc of hii niintl, ivlikh liis father |Hf^ 
cdi^Lil \vlilt ihcck-light n.itsiT.il lo n pLiiviiL; ami ilL-Mciiirjy Lim foL- iht^ chui-clt, in 
which I1*: Iki[jl-cI ih.u his wluiut^ might nii^ti liini 10 cinincFicc, Iil si.nl him lo one 
of the utiiver-^JLJ^^'L 

Sof?n i]fitr th]^ penoJ he ^'rc:ii' jins^ioniie]^' foncL of puintin^^; nnd l>v lhi± 
pc^tl!^ll] u{ RLLhji'J.s^>n\ Lhi^ory of iIl^i iiii w^:^ J<-[L-rniiiiLHl 10 jTi^ikc- ]t hi^ praFcv 
Sion (lirspii;;!! Hfo. Ai WiS ou'ii eatnt?.t TCfuio^r^ thtt^forf, !ie WhI:^ scinoix^l to Lfirr-^ 

hnilSi--irHin umini^nf pwifiLcr, ^vns lisv^ti^pLot" lo mnny who afLfruTirtl cxirellL^tl in tht 
flri:. One "f the liral iuKtunjs which he g;avt; to Mr. Kt^yLioUs vviisto co|>y c^irc 
Jhilly Gut-^Ftrhio's dr,iwiii_[!>. This was done wilJi 5Hfh skill, tlmi nianyoJ" c!(e 
Cripic^ arc Silid L^j Ih^ now prc^civc J- m tlic cubi^K^ts of thg curioiu 4? thcf ortgin^ils 
of lhii[ ^'ery ^ltii m^sttt ^ 

A1j"UI iht? yiMr a 749, Mr. lleynolds tttrit to Ji^ily xfnder Mit nu^picc^n anJ in 
tht: i^<>fnp;L[!y, at rhc l.iit: Lor^f (then f'ijn]niOf|tjj-r) Ki'|jik;J, who WhIS iipjiciiiiti'd to 
the LiijmmLmiL cif tJu- Uritl^ih jirju^ilnin hi [he Mciliicrranfjiu. In thisp^rckn ul 
the world, ilii"^ ii>tij!it iicat of utis, lir falkfl not la vi^t Ihe schocjlTi of tbt: jrrtal 
mastery eo ]?tULK' ihi^ pn^JLiL^toci:^ of dilT<T^]it a^s, ^nd \^ c^citcnli^laCc wcih un- 



SIR JOSHUA RE^MOLnS a^l 

hcLt.^ as hti^ l^tcn (]^^st■^veJ of sintuliL^r i^nuittr, W3^ " llic Ijil^nr oi lo^t. nW th^Sa.'^l^ 

H^ivii^^ cLMiiiiticcI ^lout two yozii^ in ll^ly, ji^d sitidk^J the I^EOgtu^ti ns w^ll 
j-i tht-^ ^^^L-i ol iliL- toiLiitry wiili i^^l^jsii siJ4;ci^iB. he r4;turi^(HE to tlci^l^n^t. ianprtivt=d 
Uv irjhi.0 ii]iJ rL^[iiic^ Ipv crduciicion. On ilu' i'o.L[l Lo E^^uJ^ii) frf^ni t lie: port wIhtc 
IhL Licidi^il^ l]^ LLctrlJciitjIty fL^LLiiil ill tli4] iiLii xvlicnj \tv lutl^^'d Jctlnisoii';; life: of 
SiLv^pir, and ^v^Ets !^ tiikrn wjtti ihi-' clurms uf coji^iiri^^ition. ^nd tlic mftacrlv 
dolinoEiLioia of chara<:t4;r dfsEilii_^^d tii that hv^orlc, lIi.iIh Ji[iving bc^nn Id read ii 
^vliilu k.^ning hk aim an the clnnini;vt^ii.sxr, he ^i^ntinucd in t1iat attimdr. m* 
si:ii^~ib1ii i)f i^iiui til] he ivii^ li-LiiLlv uhlv to r^iii^ ]ii^ h^iul to hk li^ad. I'litr ^uL- 
niiraljtin of llio ^^'ork nvtlUrjElv IilI Jilm nj ,^tk llu- JictiiiamtaiK^: of its Jiithor. 
^vlio cijtiTiimcrd oc3c tif his ftnc*;i'c^( u<ljflin;rs an J iVsinlicst fitcntls tUl c?ti4* wlitin 
Chcy were scpantcfl k" thuHirgb; t>f citjth. 

TliL- lirn tliini; ihnc dlMiiijFciishi^d Ijini iifT4.-T hk rctum tfi hi^ native tocintty 

spoken of in ttnns of cht hi^hot rncortiiiLifl. -uhI UiiiifiH to \vl>fl: a <L*Kri:& of 
^n:uiicnc:c he hnJ ^rrivctl in his |^o(cv^it]n, Tl^ui mk:; foLlowrd 1^^ a [portrait of 
Lord Edj^Ltomlic, rrnd a tnw nchi^i"^ ^^"liidi li[ oi^ci: itiumlntL^ff him lo ihc liLst 
busiiiL"^-^ in |?ortrji[-^kiiLit[i]j; ; jind ch^ii bmiKli 4>f th<i irt kc cukii^'ntrd e^]th ^Ui^Ji 
guc^e^ 3i>; will la^^'i^]' i^t.ihltsh his f^niri: i^itli all dc^cripcion^ of rc^ni^d ^^cioty. 
Hiiving pjillLOck ^QTl3i^ of The liFsL-r.ilt iH-aUlics of |hD n[^, ihn pc^lile W[]tM 1l4-j^:kcd 
to We the ^riLe^ and thi^ chiirm^ uf Jti^" ^H^iiiril ; .md lie ^oon bn.Anic: [he m^j^ 
f^^liion^ihicr |>^Linter tioL only in Kn;!t.ititL, hut in all IZurope I le Im^ indeed ph^ 
scrvc^l rhc rcsi'iiililanet o( so ni.nu" ilki?ti'trnii5 chjnii:U"f-f. ihji we fi^tl iht less rt> 
grct fit ht": fiLLvJTi^r hit brhinnl hhn so Iti^' hisioiLUitE jb.ihuiii^^ ; Lhonj^h i^h.ir iie 
hai^ d^JiK' in th=Ll wm' shnvv-^ him lo havi: hucn iiuilificjcl to exu^L in l^oth lEc^iarl^ 
ifiencs, *rht "illy Lijojl-^iipr. pLThajis, ^vhieh ^lL■ l^vov piiiiiLt'tL e.-^un^pi. tho-^ he:m- 
tiful umi cho^e oik^ ^vhieh ciini|tos4^ the linttki^inunds of in.itay of liL? porirjic^ is 
"A Victt^ ci\ tilt Tlinines fn?m l^iirlimoiiiCH^' ^^"llp^"ls in ijS^\ Wiis e.^liibittjd hy ihe 
S^'L^:^ Li for Pj-oiiujtln;; l^zniHing imd lle-=:i3j;n in La^'HTpool. 

In t;64 Mr, kt^ynofd^ J>a<t tilt; mtrit of bcjnji ihu fij^fr jtromJitcr of rlint cluh^ 
ivhii^h, h:L^ in^ luny enisled wfHinur h1 namt, l}cc:miff at Ins^ (hstiiijini-^licd ^y die 
ap|H^I tilt ion of ihe AjVr-j'rrj-T C/ft-'^ L'|hhi tilt foiiEi^L^tion of jht-^ Koy^l Ac^uhmy 
of P^Lintiny, Htu[pi.ure, ftnJ ArchiurtuTr, he wba fippointL-d pi^-^tdeiu : and hi5 
oeknowLcJ^cfL excellence^ m hi^ pfoU'^sic^n mack iht' MpiioinLm^nt :u:ci^piah]c to 
aLI the lovers of iirt. To .iild c^i the diL^nln- f^f rhi^^ ^\^\\' In^Tlcutioi], his niiije^ty 
c^mEL^irrd \m the pre'siiLunt the honor Qi knatthUnM^d ; niid Sir JuiahLiLi ^leli^^rcd 
hi^ itTij\ iVv^x:our^^ nt llie openinj^ d tlie AiJrtJemy, on Jrinuary a, ijO^ The 
nlerit ot tli:^: dioconire has hetn itni^'ersidly.idniiltj^d atiioiii,^ painlcTs; hui it con- 
Uins Some direction^ i^^Jceting the [uopcr moilu of pm^t^njting tliar fltiulits^ to 
Whkh e^'try sludt^nl nf cvtfy art wnuhl do wi^ll hi p.iy attention. "I would 
ehklly i-eet^mnicnd (s;iys lie) that an imptieit olii:dienee tP ihe r^fA:? j^/" aW, ,15 es- 
taliliiihed l>y the practice of the sreat TnastcrSn shnidd !mj e.\atEi5{I froni die yotmg 
stLideiiLs ThrtE iho&j.' mtHlel^ ivhieh h:ive^ pEi-hccL thruu^di th\z iipprc^h^Eioi^ of 



m 



AKllP^rS AND AUTHORS 

ajtcs. i*Ould he con^Klefcif by fhtm ns |>trrei:f .umI 'w^l.t'W^yilc guules. as ^blcrcts 
Tor x[\c\t iinitaiiDu, iiut il^if urilicism. 1 cini L^EilkJi-nt ib.u t1]is is liii: onh' t^i- 
c^Jou^ nll■^h^3i^ tiE mflkmn ^i pTogn^Ps in th*.- atis?; -m^l rFini: in; ^fJio ^=:cEs out u'irh 
dutjIult^fT, ^vJU IiihI Itlc i]ni^lH'tl lii^rore lit' I^luihl^^ ]iLihii'i ^J^ ihc niJimiNtte; Ffli 
II ifl^y (il: LijttI tlL>^^'n ys fi rnia'^iiiK I lint ht: whu IfcjFhis In" ^]]'c*5UTnlii(; on [th g\vr 
scLisci hcL^; ciuIl-J lii-^ ^tudk-^ tis sDon ji5 iic l^iis cojiiJiitiiic^ th(;cii. Mx'^'rj" oppor- 
tuTiiiy, tItc-ccfurL, filicjLilJ he Liikt;n |e> i! i^itoitnti.'! m hll^ tli:h[ fjbic qntl vnl^^r opin* 
Lcin, tliLii nilci :n>: ihL^ fuiu-rs o{ i^crtl^K, TJicy mti fctLcrr=. only lo men of no gcii- 
iuai fts [h:tL ^riiior, which iifjon thi^ ^(ro^i;,^ fx^&riK^ liii uitiLLnu-LtL jiiul n fi^ftiicc, 
i!|Hin ti-\c wt.ik :in<l mis^hnjiL:!! tufn:^ mio ^ IoaJ, niul cripples ilie body wliich it 

Eiscli sut:<xetliii« yca^^ on the dt»*Lril]iLiion of [hr pri^c^. Sir Jo^huu iiL-Iii4.Tc:J 
m Iht: ,^EiHlc:nt^ ii Jliscoursc of Mfiiql nicrh wiili (lij? : sin^l perhaps ^he tlo nnt hnj^- 
prtJ too n^iarh irhcn ivr so^\ th^L ffom [hi- wli[]U' i:f>HtL't<.d, rlic Lov'trs of hclks^ 
kcirt^ jnd iIk- lint art^ wili ^iL.-i|uifv jLLirL4.'r iioiitj]i^ ol ^n'Iiht i^ nu'^int hv l.wlc In 
^tjifr-il, jind lw:it*:r rult-^ for Licvpiirini^ a corrw-i tJsCL-, tli.in (ront iIil: niuUkutlc 
of tbo^ voluc^K's Mliicih liiivc lit^oji professtdly wriUi^i^ 0" the &uljjeut. 

]n the nutuiTin of r;?^^ ]ic went to [!™^soP^ whtrv ht t.vptiiided alwni _^],ooo 
On the jjnrchj*it' of faulnEJaig;^ wJiichn hariny liL^en i^thi^n Irom iln^ iliFI^'rent niortj'!- 
Mnei nnd itliy^cnt^ hOLlHt■^ ^n l"htn<(crs atul Gen^i^iiiy^ Kta^- iliun r-'^po^.^d-Lo ssIl' 
liy flic conitn.md of il>t l^mptTor Jo>tph. Gainslri^j'ouuh Jnd he h^iri enjai^^d to 
pfllm cdeh mJwj-'? [>ofiriiiE ; md the CHin^si-^ for both hrin;; ^ctu:ille sm-rehed, Sir 
JoE^liij^L pnvi' onu shliiiLL to In- .li-liEii^iiishrd rival ; litil to iht reyrt^r n( fven- lul- 
mit-fi" oi tlnj 5hrL, lltL- uifcr^pccu-Ll li^Mili oi iIil^ kit ft;r proven Led all IuiiIht prtiEr^^ 

Ifl E/OO Jic wjy^TH^ioLtsly <le^irous t[>prwurt the vacn^t profe^tjr^hif> of per- 
sp«tLVr in ihL aejidLimy for Mr. honat;ii. :hn lijU^in archilect ; btit th^t .irti^l not 
haviti^' <k:^:M >'l^ ckcEt^l Liii .i^hJiJit^ wils, oI cOLirsc, no dendenitd^]!, ntiil it lii> 
came ntJCtfr^iry \o mist hjm to thost: iwi^ilian^ lit ortJrr iti [jiialif^' him iur hcmg 
a profussor Mr, tpilpin Jieini: his coni|>i!TtLor for the Ll^>Q^Jrlte^hipH the nutiihersr 
cii> llie Ijnlloc pTtPVtHi ei^itnkp ^vhtn ihu pre^ldeiir^ on his CEislinf; vole, di^ciJei the 
tkelion m favor of hk (nenrf^ yi'Iio wx^ ihereby odvztneL-d so far rownrfl lli4? pry- 
fti*sorJii]>. Soon .^fiiT this, jni ncadt-inic sen Ijtrin^ vne^nr, Rjr Jo^htia esertj^d 
nil hi-^ tniluenc^r to H-ilaEaln it hr Mi. ISonomi : bEit iindin^^ liimwIF oiit-^ot^id Ie^" 
-A majority of tw^ to ont?^ he ticiiEU^I tfie chnir u-fih ^mti -J^li.1tl^f^tfo^, and aifxt 
d^iy wnc to ilit: si^eittar^- o| Ehe rtt-nclrmy ;e foimnl resi^nAtioii of the c^thee, liliich 
Eorumiry-one yewFs he lind lilltd iijrli h^norio himself ami ro his ccuntrj. llifi 
indignatJotiH hiK^^t-er, siibsidii^^F^ he ^luffereti him-^lf ro he pn-^'^ijed ufiOn Eo ic* 
tum to ihc ehsilr, whjcll^ ^itlitii i yticr uni] a l>?lfp tie ^-a^ ^^ilii Je^iroUb lo c|uit 
for a Iwjittr redstni- ^ _ 

Fiiidhia- a dli^c^se of Inn^uor. octs^nncd by an eillnraLnseiit of the lEv^r^ 
TO witich hr h:Ld for -somv tinir Ineeti subjetr, inrn:ii^r, and daily r^K]Jt:ctin[T a 
toml lovi tjf Mjrlic, Kl^ wioie a Ifltui Im the nc^tdeTny, mliTnaLin^ his intention lu 
KSiprt Lhr ofliLc af prc^^Eent on aceuutn of bt^dllv ji^linnitit^, whiuii d[sahlt'd hitn 
from trxeeuiing the dulitiflf it to liis own KLi3*;fiKtiun. TIlu ac^idcniv received 



f* 



■ 't 



SIR JOSHUA REYNOLDS tiM 

this intclligctici.^ with tfic rf^spLt^Lrit] 4:anLvrn Hut^ lo the tLiknu it^A virlii» c»| 
chcir |jrir'^Edi:ii(, ^ihI E^ill^r iIl^'li iLitl tnur, or ilcsi^rnc^E tn^ t-nl^r^ into .i rciiuluilon 
JiiindnibLc LD M \t,M'[\v^ itfimciv, tb^it u ili'pxu^ilion froiii lIihj ^vhc^lf^ lod^' of ihc: 
acailL'tny i^houlJ \\^\i uyim hini^ LincL iiilunii Inm uf their w\s\ i[\QL the nuLhgrity 
Liiitl iirivilrgts of ihj." fiiTii:f oE pr^^idc.'nt luJehr h\: fii^ cluriEi^ his life, clirclatin? 
LJitJir williEirrn^rss tn j^Lnnlt tlig prrr^rrTTinn^t^ <jf ^ny oE jt$ ^iiLii^s whi4:li ni]gh[ b^ 
irkwme to Jhim by a dcj^uhv 

Fnjin ^Jiib i^LirioU Sir Jo^un ntvtr p^tinlH mon:. Tfic l^st ^^Flort of liis 
pencil WhIS ihv" pfsrlmit of the hijn&r:ild*; Cliarli"^ Jninitji Fo.v, which wn== cj^utrutt'*! 
in his bcst siylc, ond sJio^x-s Hut ]iis f^tilty, hi^ in^:iginfllionf n^: ! Iiii othi^r great 
p<HVtr? ill iht nrl wliiqrh he proft^^d, t4^in:Ll]it<E tiriHiixitccI to the end of his life 
VVIn^n ihfi Iftsi touches M-ert: i;ivcn lo ihis jjioturt. 

On T!iijn><i;iyp ("chrusLry 23, ^792, tJic irorld was dcpnVcd of ihis :LiTLi^lj1e 
m:in nnd cxcellcul artt^Ih at the age of i>iM^<ip;lit jcriTS; a m^in ihnin whi^in no 

one, ^Ktc^rJiniT 10 JohnnonT h:td pstSot-^d fJir^jciph Hie wiih more ohs<iiTLicioni of 
jnen Ttint TniLiiiiers. Tht faUowirig thnr4ieser of hjifl ii^ *5"tl lr> he ihe piodnetion 
of Mr. ISurki^: 

^- lllti ilhit:^:^ w.!"^ IfPiiit, hut I^orne with a irtildHTiid ckeriul f^rtiludc, without 
(he k^^l mixture ui qLiyihing irnt^ibjc or c|ucnj|oiK, PE^te^ihly lo the pl,ieid jind 
CV4^n lenor of hi-^ xvholL^ t!fc_ Ml hnd, frrtpal the UL^ni]i3ijr cjf lii-^ rnsd^lJv, 4 
di^Liif^i ^'Il^v of lii:^ dis^iucior], whkh ho co[h|i^]LiphtL^I whii ih^l eiuire eom- 
pL^iure ivhii^li noLliiii^ hiil Lhe i]ii]Cc>:]ice, inli^grity^ qtiad u^'fulni^s.-^ a[ his life, and 
aci LLnnffi^cLLil ^LiUnii^ifioii 10 tJie will cT Proi'id^nc{>, coliKL Ih^^c^iWh In this?itiGi- 
Lioii he h;hrl cveiy tjon:»olnlioii ftuni Ijinily LtJtidcjrnesSh which h]±s U]idem4>^ Lo his 
f^tiitly h;id nilw^y-^ iiitriti^d. 

" Sir Jo^hnni RtynolJs wusi^ m very ninjiy i^izcounts, one of the rno^t lu^TflO- 
rjhk niL^ii of htf; time ; he w^^ l!hu l^ri^t l^Ligllsiit^an]! who LiJdijd rlii^ pral';^^ at ihc 
eli'g.nit ^nLs CO the oth^T glortti of his country. In la-sle^ in ^ace. in f.n.■l^ily^ in 
Jiijipy invention, and in riclincss and hiirjnony of eoksringp fit w^s offiul 10 ilii^ 
gru^Ll mnsteT:! of the renowned ^a^' ^>i portrait ht: ivent beyond them ; for \tc 
oonininnicated EO tbnt lintneh nf [hi^ art in which En^li^lk arrists ar<^ thti most 
tngagtdp u varictyp a ffiflCVp and a cLiunily dt:ri^Td ErOtn the hi^jhtr biLmehe^ 
whieh e^cii tho^ who prolt^sactl rhem in n sii|H;rioi manner fhU not :iKi,LVi pre- 
scr^'c y^']\^^ Iht-^y delinemcd individna! n:iinr--. Hi^ I'^^rf rails remindcjil lUf spec- 
tfttcr of Ih^ invehllon of jiistciri' nlnd llu- -L]ni'L:ii[^ <.fi I iiid^apt:. In |>^Mntin^ por- 
tiuit-; fie ap]>j-\Lc^ nor to 1^ ntised tipcni ihac i^fLniorl1^ hnt lo ileitccnd to it from a 
higher 2phc:e. His paintln^^ illu^^irjiti.^ hi^ le-^fjns, atid ]]is L^'^]t5 sei^m 10 be tlt- 
n^'eJ from his paintings. 

" Elc jsosscsicd the theory as perfcetly as liiu pjqcflee of hi^ iirt- ,To be such 
ft psiniter, he iras a profound and peneti^ttng pfiilo^opher. 

" In fnll happiness of forefgn and cJointslk famCn admiral by the eKpcst in 
art, and hy the Learned in Science, courted hy the ga^it, carc^^d hv sovereign 




V 




m 



AUTLSrS A^'U AlTlinKS 




C-iiutLhr tLt^VET 1or^]uL: liltn, t;^'i^ri an ^ufj^H^c^ nr |trai'rjc:jitiijii 1 unr 11^,1^ the: k-^ii^t 
dcgt^fl of i3Jiu^ttn[:c or ji^Lini|>[ion I'i^ihile 10 ihc must scru[iii]:^ing oyt iri nily 
]MrT of li!^ coaulLLC[ or (li^xmrsc. 

" His iak'nr^ of oi^vry kind — pawcrfitl fmin natitrc. ami noc mcnnlv cuUn'ited 
in li!LLcr^ — liL=: >oLi;il virtue's in nil tli^ rclLitioiis Eind :ii1 Llii] iLilMLuiLts ol Itle. Etn- 
<lercJ liim [he tt-ntrr wf it W^ry preal. anJ ULijJiirullcii:^ Viiricty o! jgrctrabfe so- 
cieties which ^^~UI be: tlibfip^^tL'nl Uy hy^ ilcnth. tic h\.\i\ too much mn^rit. not to 
cScLlr ^fln^i" ji;:iioLs*iyp ic^o muth innocence to pm^Tjkc anr cnn][(y. Tht- loss of 
no nuin c^f hts lime c^^^\ \k felt ^'ilh nion: ^hmjcrcn gtriicral. nukl Linini:<cd ^orro^^" 



BENJAMIN W'UST 

(1733-1320) 




I 



>! the ^^'iliis of |hf [leir u^orld ^ cetiiLiry atid 
liiilf a^^, llici'4.* was, appnn^ntlvn no spot 
Ivs^ likrly to pj-o<fu'jc^ Fdiinons j^ihitc]' [hrtii tin? 
(liinik^^r [iio^iniTC of Pcnnsyl^'i^ni^. And yct^ 
uhi-n (liMrpc Wn^iiiaigton M^an Only st,v vfii^ 
fiUf iKc^t'e UM^ iKim, in the tiuk to^^n of Spring"- 
[iiliLChcsti^r County. hI boy ^lh(^^<^ ii^ltrtstins 
.tiid ru^mnirk^blc caret; r frdcil InMncy lo fil^i si^^t; 
hLL^ pvoviJtd oni.' of iUl' most iuMrvctivc Its- 
^on^^ fut studc^nLs In ari. thit Ameiic^ jlford^ 

PtTli]i|i^ Ut:n]3L]nin \\'cst'ii dLprilLcdi^ for 
Ijk-iuCL^-fn.ikinj^ in hi* iafnncrv', ^viillc iii: wa^ 
tLAPiiiiL^ [Q AV'ulk :ind to Ldk, did noL uxi^L^ed 
ilti^t f^r licrsts of cttier chihln-ii, in like circum- 
schIiiccs, in every p;ncntt[&n aii^cc his tinm. 
^JLf£ many cu^fc^l^s ilnng? \\Trc rcmrtnhcrcd 
"JTri^ ■ '- "" ^skI tnlil of thK l^nhyV pi^rformariccs after he 

hild cJe^clofV^d h1 dL:t■^d^d iLift^nt for rtprfjdLi^ L]ij[ the iK'.itinfuL fthJHr'Ct^ th.-\l captl- 
Vfttcd hiscvfl. It w,-L^ hi iIil- iumitiLT nf r:^^, a i^yc months berore hu- wsy seven 
vcvin. old. fh;it his niirried -^l^er Lanic home for J viiiir. hrineiiip tvibh her nn in- 
faici diti^htcr- The [ie_tc nioriiin^' ,ift4rr hi:r arrl^'-il. Utrle iSefij^min ivs-^ left to 
keep the 4lld4 i^fT Lhe s^uepln^ ^i^thy. xvhik- Ids [noTliL'r .mit --fcSLL-r xvc^nt to the j^r^ 
den for n€:i\Vdr!*_ The Iml^y smtlcr! in its slecp^ and iht fjoy u^"^ captivated. He 
miut ctitdi tlmr siniLcr iiTtd kec:|i it. I le f^^Lind schfiil p.ij^er oji ihin tible^ scmm- 



Dr-XJAMIN wr^sT 



251^ 



bicci fnr a perl, nind wi(]i red anJ M:LLk ink ni:i<lt n hj^iy Init striking pltmrc of 
i]w litllti hL-iiLty^ lie licard hi:^ rsioiln-r rn^tLTrning. and ?ons4:ious oi h.k\ m^ bc*in 
in misi:!]tef, trlnd w ctitujcMl liL:f p]otiLjirt.ion ; ]}Lit ilit UtitCBtxl jnd [:;i|t[utL-i| Uh licuL 
rcg.at-tled II lLj]^'rarid loi'iiigl/^ c:£c;tjiniinga& lio]- duugJictr cuttn d. " Hi: U^ rt.^lly 
Hiadc l1 liki-Niti^^ oi littk Siilty!" SNl^ (Kii cau^Hu up tlnj Incjv hi hn- jcms. ninl 
kissed ijistcr.ul of diidin^^htm, Jiiid Hl-— Iqc^kioj; up ci^L-ouni^crl — toldhi^rhc t\"]H 
makt: ihc iloxvirrs, i^xj^ if she ^voulti L^izctiiir. TIil^ ju-aki^uinH f^' ^i^iiiu^ id llr n- 
jiiinin Wf^t h,cs Ijcun distinctly iMccrtr lo iKis uicidiiiLH, .hs Uk time; ^vliun Ik^ lir^i 



dismv-^ri^d tli.it he iJould imibitc tlie f&rini of siich obji^miS y^i plnjj^cd liw -^n^c 
of sighr. .bid [lit: incident iti^lf has been aptly iiyktl ■■ cIk Liirth of line arli in 
(he Ntvv' World-" 



The QiLikcr lioy* in tourw of yc jr, kit tJic wildj^rnc-^ of Aiin:rfcvi tobLetimc 
the prL-^bidctit of cht Royal Academy io London. His irrcj^ro-JCii^ijli? dmrjuzEer 
nol K^-^ th.in h'li cxccllcnCn: rt^ Jii :trLtsL giivc hini coniiTiiindliiH |>osKion nnictn^ 
liLs conieni]jDr-trtt:s. I'rom fifit ta liiit he uas dJi.tinyuLshLLJ for his initcratiy-tltle 
hidtistry, TJifi uurtiht^r of liis picture^ hJS ln:Cn j:stiitiiL(Lil, by a wrjl<;r in /l/a^i- 
;£W-^r,f :J/-7^f^^Wh at three iliou-^ind ; acid Dunhp Kiys fhat n galbry c^pai>re of 
holditii^ (hem womld l>e four JuiiidfeJ ft^t long, fifty fi^tt viJc. nnd forty JL^t 
high— t>r a \\"a][ a tiiurrtr of a mile lon^ 

lln: i^Ttnis of iknjamin WesL uTre sincere and snjlf-rcsfittjthig. and in tlie 
JaogiLi-coEtheaniei^vIkodo. Elk muthcr'sgriudfHiTher w^^ the inthuLitc and 
tfonrtdi^i^^i,il fntrnd &f WiHi^^m Penn. Tin: family of lii^ fatUi^r claimi:d diitct de- 
swBC fron^ the llliel; Prinet and Lord Dclawjri-, of T^lt■ lini<j of Kliirr i;d\\-ard 
111. Colonel Jitmts West w^s the iriornl and 4;oc^ip;^n[On in arm-vof John li:ini]j- 
dtn Wh*:ii Utnj.iniin Wc-^i was at work ujjon his s^CM pietiirc of ihii - rnMim- 
tion of the Gartc^r." ths ICii^p oF Engl.nid wus delighted when lEk DiikL- of JJuck- 
ingliLiin .n^Liriid him tli.it VVt-sc Jiad an anci^tml right to a pLice amoiig ike 
wan-iors and knigliEs of his ott^n |jai[]Ling. Jh^ Q^tak^;J- a-ssoc:i:it42s of the piarcnti 
of thcartist^ the patriiircli-^ of Pcnnsjli^ania, rt^'arjcj their a.^yluni in AnlerJc^k as 
thf place for affectionate Intercom r^e— free from all the military prijdilectiorts and 
politicjl Jijaloui^ics of Europe. Thi; result was a 5[jLe of society more contented, 
p<;a4;t;fuk and plej-^lng th.tn tJie world hid ^vur l^^forc tshibkud At the time 
of the biiili of Uenjainin \Vest the inicrior settlemtnEs in Pennivli^iia had at- 
tained uonsiderihlo w^.ilLh, .laid Llnll^l^t^:c[ hospitality frhrmcd a psirt of the rcj^ul^ 
economy of thu principal famiitcs. Those m ho rc^JcLl near tht^ hiehwuys wcrd 
In till! Ii.ihit, after sep^KT and tht rtligiocis e:^crcis« of the evening, of making a 
brge llrt! ii^ the halK^'ay, and spreading a tnblc with refre.HlinK"firs for such luv* 
cllersi^ niigiit pa^s in tht n^glit, ^^ho were cspKti:d to Uizpicj snd help thcnix.^lv*i 
Tins was conhpJcuoLcsly the case in Spriiigficli Other ititg of liherriiity wtro 
IKirfmnKd hy tlii? eominunit,^, to an e^^tcrtt tiiat Would ]vxv^ l>i:£i^red tllc munifl. 
ccuci: of the old warld. Po^\rtj- was no[ knmvn in this n^^^ion. Bnt whtthcr 
facniltes trLiced their hneap^c to an^iiiiit and noble *itj:;ri:ei ur oihenvis^:, [luir 
pride ^i-as so tem^}£r(.-f| with the meekness of thi^ir faiili, thai it [cm a singtilar 
dignity to tlitir ben^^iti^lcnce. 




^ ARTISTS AND -MTnO»3>i 

The lndi:ins minj^lctl freely ^^Uli rhc p<'D]ilr, iiml xvhcn th*^/ paid tiicir ^nnu[u 
risit,^ to thor pliiJitaEJDFi:^, niiivi! i\u:\r n'tf^i^^ms in tliu- ftcUkjind (>rcliEiTds ^i^irhout 
asking iwrmis^ion, nind u^trn^ never rrtoli^stL-J. ^Hurrly qftcr |li;njjimm ^Vcst's 
first cfffijFt^ wjih ^>^■1^ inJ laik, ^ [^-^"^y ^^f rtES "^^^n rciLi^licJ EtnJ eui:p3Lipccl in 
Springticid Tlii^ lniVr^nnkt *;llL>XX'crJ lllticil lais Skc|chc^ lif hirJ:^ i^rl^l llcJWt!r^ XX"lici;h 
s«m^ toflfnui-e (Jii;Jti grfiiily, They jj: oiii:^ proiicL^li^ii to ct^ch him ho^v tq 
prepare rlic^ rccL [i]xd v^^kloxv L:tjlor^ ^^'^h Vh1ti4:h Ihc^" ili^cQi'iiti^d ih^r DniiiiTiLntK, 
To ihes^" Mrs. VW^t siJili^U liliid, by cojiiribiitini^ n pwt:u of iiidl^a Thu-i the 
boy li.3d ilkJXzt: priii"mil.LC caloj"^ for his u^^c. WJi:it luMufd !jt more picturv.-irjLcft 
^n thf^ ^(^JiEt where the uaiiuEoreJ Indt^n ^-ivc; eIic Ehitui'L' nrri-^t lii^ fir^i Ics^n 
}T\ n^i-'iiai;; |^.iEi3t-< ! The^ \vi\ii i^nw ulw LLut^hl iiitn .u'LHtirry, Lh;it he iniglit ^hoot 
bird^ f^Jf iHoJt!^ if hu TVi^ntcd iliiiir bright pluini^i; lo copy. 

The n(!E^'lilia[^ wi^r^i dttracttd by Liin/ lior's dnuxir^^i arid linaJly h1 rebtp^'fiH 
Mr+ Pecininycoii, a pcoj^^im^nt jne]'i:hHknt of Pliil:i<letj})iE:i, u^imc to pay the family 
3 visit- He thoLi^^ht tht Iw^y's iriLidc pictiireEh uiTe wandjjrfuL as he ^Vas ihun only 
ffntiijtnij Ills lii^^lkih vtur. \Vhi:n he wcni home lie fmrtitiiiately ^i^nt the l^irfi: fel- 
low a Ijo^ of patiic-^ with six eiiifrnnnn;!^ by Gfjj^'lmy JjjIici GsiU, wlio irrocc 
Froan the iiriist's oxvn s[ati;menr> dci^enbes tlie effeut. tal tl^is i;irt u|?on ih*^ iatjy. 
In ^^ing fo l>^'d he pliiCLjd rlie ho.*^ sd n^Tir his Liodch, [hnE hu t:OLJlit lui^ md OA^ 
fcsfl it fivtiry timii Iw w.tkened. ^ext minting h*^ ro"^ *.-at|y, utid Mtlny hi^ 
pa[Fats and canvas to the g^irn^Cn bc7rm to WOrkr llt^ went Lo hiv.akl.ast, :^i]il tln-^ 
srole hack to his post undur ihc roofn Forj^llins" nH ^Ikjul -i^hOQl, Whui^ dinmir- 
lim*: e,ime lit prc^iltejl him-^Lilf at uble, asu^^ital but ji^ilJ noilim^^of his OL:cup^- 
tiflii, Hl' hid hcurt ^ibscnt from S4:|wot ^nmc J.\vq lK:forc the master called on 
his pa^^:lU^ to ji^quin; U'hac hnd heet>c«c <4 him- This lt:d lo ihL> discovery of his 
s^cr.-t piiintin^p E(3t hi^ moLhtr |^t■fJecedL:c^ lo ihLr j^airct Jiid qound thu ttu^iiL 
She WhIs, however, w^ a-nioninhuii wltlt tliL cretition Lijicm hts i:aiivrLs Lh^it she (ook 
him in l(cr -trms aiul kifls^d h[m wiili Tr4rtS]wrc& of ajT<.t;tioi]_ He had ranido a 
comiiowtcon of ht"^ oxvai am of two of ihi: 4rJii;''-^^'^'^S^ -^vfijcli Lie haJ colored fiom 
his ilIaus of the pio^iL-r tl]i[> it^ be ust^d— d^ii^l SO perfi^et did the pielitre app^-^^T ta 
Mnv \Vi:st ih^L^ iklkough half ihe catit-as remained lo l^e etj^iTed, she Would noL 
SuiT*:r the ehild to add iinoihi!i' touch with his (jrushr Si\h"-?ei'LNi yc-a^safter- 
■^ard^ Mr GdtlL ^a^v this piofluetjon m the ezcnict strltc in whicrb it wji» lefL oiid 
Ml, Wesi himself acknowledged ih.st in suhsoquvnt cFEoits he hati never been 
abk to excel ^oTne of rKu touizlius of liiVHrnrion in thi"^ Hnit panurt*. 

Tlic Cii^l [nsiLuetion in art which iIil aHht rc^xlveil was from Mr. ^\'lHi-im 
\\'j|]ian]s, hT ji^iititer in Philadelpljiii. Voun^ Wesi.'^ lir>E aiu^npt m pc^rtrqittifft 
was ftt Lanca-jterp wlierc he painted '"Tin:: Dejih of Stier,tbLs" foe \Vi]li:iin 
Hn^nr^", a gunsmith. Ili^ Wn^ ncn ytrL MMten^ luci othur paintings followed wliieh 
possessed sc mueh genuine mcni, Out they hjve In^eca piL^ri^ed ns trjiasuns- One 
of these is in pOsfl^ST^inn of Gi iumI Meretjich Reed, of I-'aris, 1-rance, a descend^Lii 
of the signer. \VtsT retun^i^d to hl^ home iti Sj^rinj^fiLld. in ] 7;+ to discuss ths 
CLue^inn of his future sxacatioli- Ue had ali inelinalion for military lifu, and 
volunteered as^ a reeruit In tht" old FrciLch w.ir : btii niilita^- attraetions var>lsheQ 



BEN"jAMI>f WEST So? 

Anaonji^ th*! ^lds!1tps involved, -mil i^i i 75^>, wficici clghtcHzat y^tiv.^ dJ, liu L^tal>- 
Ibdiud himself in PhilKlc^lj^liiJi ^^ ii ]>ortrai4.-i>:ii]ilct, his pricL' bein^ " fc^'c ^inca^ 
a hcncl." I^^^o ywiri bti^ h^ went to N^v Vorkt xvliore hu jias'^d titvid 
mouthy nnd ^^^is lihcr^lly i.-F]i|h[DyLd 1'\ i':- iLK-mli^inl-^ nni[ otli^r?. tk- pilnt^ 
lIk- jpi:^~Lr;iit of lli-nEio]> Pro^'uOit, Ltjcii^ u^ ^jLi'irdii^ Uiiycthiuk ^iiid his mfL-^ ^ElcU 
Icci^h — nnc Hpf .^JE^ Sainut^l B]X'<-bi.\ .iii<l iiiJLhy uthcn^. ^vhich ^ru in thu f^nnites 

It^ t^Qo^h dppof[U]iity ulTcrcd rt:irhini to visit Romcn Italy. H^cnrnVdlciterv 
to CarJlnal jMfjjtii jnid oMKrcj:lr:]jnt.tL^, :tncl :ts hi; \vn^ vtr^' hancSsonie aiifl inlrllt- 
gcnCx ^^^i c\tm^ ii'om a E.ir<i^v.^y Lin^L LibOHt whit:|] huny the pcrpi'Lual cJiimiortra' 
dUion =^iu! r^niJitL^H he soon hccimc iheliuii of llicday among the imaf;liiative Ira] 
uns It ^voj; ;i nos'i^Ity then for an AnK'neaii Loa]3|H-iu tn tlit^ EEeninLCIty, nnci the 
LXij' inovning Jillcr his airiviil a curious ]^-irry follmveLl li]=^ jitfjis to cbnerix* his ]>tir 
suit 01 ar|. lie iv]n;^inc^cl in Itnily utittj i^Gj, and vFilIc clujrc Itc jViintt^lp :m>niiy 
ot:htrs> his pieturts of "Gimoii Litiil Ijihtyeuisi," *iiitl '* Ai^g^^lie-i nn^l MerJoKL" 
Liis portr^Ll of Lonl Ga-tnchani ix-^iteJ nineh intetir-^4, and [hat nolkkman^sintn^ 
aUEjii[:][i faciliEjitucL h!^ ^'I--I[ iq T ini-lunt whiefi jirovc^E ^ prolific in rcsuft^ 
Theft! was no preit lI^■illL'■ hl^toflcjl pjhittT in Eriffliind ju^t tln^u : Uml aL lir^L 
lliiji'fr ^^hiS- Lio iiJc for ^\''--L 1 liiecure^ as ii %v.is unfinilnoLi^hlnj to huy any hut 
"old mii^i^r$L^ Bui lhi± yout^^f u.n[^ \y±^ undaunted, and pit^ently ^Ltraetcd i3t* 
EErniioLi in hj^h pliiA^Lzs. IIls plutiti'e of '^ Agripj^ini Li^Lidiiig wkh th^ Ashc^ of 
(iL'jnuiiiiiUii/' p^iinted for Dj". DftLmiuoiuI^ An:hbiilio]j of "^"ork. ^c>curc-i! l^im ylt^ 
(war of Cjijoryju 1 1 1., and ihu co]mnii"^ion froni his nii^jcsty lu f^int iJit '^ 13c- 
|>drLiit'e uf Ri^i^^ulus from Rami:." His untinni^ inrlti-^lry and ];cn[i4:niiin]y linihtl^ 
Kv^rM cojispkuou^ aiiJ mniy lie ]'i^^*"aTdtd js nrnDnj! tiii] great ,wi:fc[-^ ft] hi^ t^n- 
tintiiil adt'jnee nnJ pubiie reH-'ocniiiuiL l\h ^* ParLinp of 1 kt^lor ^ntl Androrr]- 
iichcp" nnd '^ l^eLuiii ot cJie l^jodij^al Son," ivcie anionjf his not^tblc prodntitons 
of Lh]i periud. His "EkMth of GeriemI WoUe " hftS LeeEi, i^y^ Tutkerrn:in, 
^' iruly d^-'cLireJ to lia^'c cre»iLi.'d an era in Tlngli^h art, by thu' ^uccwtflul t^,\ampli; 
it initiitod of tlie ahamJoLinicnt oi el:i*^iC coimnK.^— j rcfotan jidvociTcd \^\' 

r 

\i.^} iioldsp wlio ylorics in the ]>opi]|:^r inno^nilion/' His thjriMitc^r^ were tl^d in 
the dress of thtir tinii;. Reynolds i^iid to tlie ,\r^;^^l^is]lOJ> of Vork ; '' I fLin-sLc 
th:tt this picLun; will not only hucome one of ili*-- tuost popular, hut ivlll occ^- 
aon a rcs^olution in urt." It ^^ms pnrt;h?seri l>y Lord Grosvtnor, Amon^ Lhe 
h^ntr list of ]?inntings cxteined liy o34cr of tht tin^ wet^ "'Tlio Dca(h of 
Chevalier IJi-yanh'' '' Edward lit. Km^rieisiy hiji Son on the Fidd o( li.urle 
n Crcwiv;" ^^Thc Inntnll^tiion of ihc Ordi^r of [he Oirter:" "The miijk l^rinue 
Roecii'inH tlti-^ I'^'^S *^ l"rai]et anj ]iis Sflai P]i?»nurs :xi Poiclicrs" rtnd "Qucei] 
Philipp'i I L^tcrc^dii^g ifitli Edxx-ird for the liur^T.s^'S of Calai?." West w^^ oftt 
of ilie foLinderSp in 176S, of the lioyal Academy^ and siu'i.%'rdecl Sir Jti^ihua 
Rt^V^l^s ^3 prt^}>^detlt of tho insiiLnUun ii^ ^79?* ivbich po^i Jic Jicid qltijost unin- 
terruptedly until 1S15. 

In the year r^^^oht proposi.d i\ series of pictures oTt the proKresa of revealed 
TcligioHp of wlituh thure were thin^-^ix subject in aH. hue 'W never cxticu red hut 

IT 



-ajT 




££8 ARTrSrs A^O ACTilOKS 

twciily-ei^lil of Thete, (jT^itij; lo llit nuTht^l iroulile ivthi4:h Lk^MI the Iting. llr 
then ccmmcnctd :i vitiw s<:rics of important works^ uf whith '■ C'hrisi Tl<:aLing the 

^k" WAS pujtJia^il iyy nn in^ckcition in Gr^^nil llrlL^in ioi ^"^.oco, ypjtl uias siib- 
iifp^ilcnlly ti^iiicJ hn i\w I'uiinsyl^'z^nia I lu^pitril. " Pctin'^ Trftiiy wlih tliu Ind- 
ians" tvfi5 fjaiiitt;ij liar <ir.uivilli; i^<;i]ti, th^: 5Cc;nc roiprHjsenlLn^ tlac EouncLjng of 
|**;jni^j Iviniai- W^k wrtue to tini; ol hi^ Eamily that Ik Itad lakcti the liliurt^' of 
iii[iTH]tti,iEi^ j]i thU p.!Li3i.i]ia the tik*.Tii:*is oE Uvf falKf r and liis brotlitr TbaniaSn 
''Thit iii die likeiitiSj; of onr l]rorh*;r," he pi-]1'5h '"hfLindin^ ir»ni4:tllEictly licfiinri 
Pciin- It.Lnin^^ on his ci^o*:. I tictrJ not i^uuii tiuc tltc i>iutLuo ol our fath*.T, :ts I 
hylitvc yoLt M-ill fnid tt In the piinc fn>]ij rtiuniury,'' TuuliL-rni.tii t^jy^i iluit the 
work whklt^ in the G]>iuion cjf rn^iiy cTitct:?^ bL^l illMtratos ilic skill of U'cbC ii^ 
cDm|>D^[[ion, drnwinji, ux|trLS-si[>ti, onJ drzicnmic; tJJ'cc.r, ]s fil-f " Dcjith ah iht 
PjJi^ Hojw/' ll>_s " CupjiL/' owned hi PhilziJelphr.i, is oait of his nioit i^ffeciive 
l>Ft-tcirc» i^^ \o uolor. 

Titc (ntl-kngth portrait of Wcst^ l^y Sir Tl^jm^s Lriwrcncc, P^R^Ah^ rcpre* 
S&kt^ Ihc Rfi.'^r nrtist [[] iiis eh;tot:t£r as prc^Ldeiic of iKt.^ Kovnl Aondc:nu\ cTc^ri^'ct- 
mp; k iccfurc: On '^coJorfn^'' co Llic srutlcn^s UpSilt-r hi^ n^hE linind i]>ii\" L*: no- 
lLt:*!d, H4i3idii]g t^]] an t^tlp a copy of U3>;>lLii^l's cnrtooti oE lliii "Dejuh of 
An;ini£i^^^ Tht pi^urc of Wtst^ii i^nc has h*rL_^n qonsiJcTcd a puift^ct likcnLisSj 
but [ht ftj^utt: fOmowhal too brgo and too tall hi iF^ i^lftctis. A copy of tliis poc- 
Lrait w^:^ aii^ide hy Chartcs f^. T^'il[<; ; and Washin^on All^lon slso painttxl a p^ir 
irait of the zirtfsr, TljiTc c^i^r^ [t is said, a |iorij'a]t oE \Vc'^t frojn his o^vn hani 
inkijit .Lppart^nily at ^buui tl]^: 4fic of forty* ihr*;ff-i|uarwi" lci)Bthp in (|juak^ cc3 
tiLnic 



rnOKWALDSEN 

(s;70-iSj4) 

p5i" ^vfl"^ in Copcnhaj^orn.on XovemlK-r ig, 1^70, (hat rt cnn-tr of figures 

^%^ i^t 3lii|is' hc^dsy hy naanti CcMti^k:^]!; Tho^watdscn, ^as prt^tnted 

^^^ - ■■ i""-- "^^"ir . hiTcn GrQnIund, the d^u^htiJi of 3i cIcrRvnian in Jul- 

^'^ Ij'^-J. ^^l(Ii 4^onH \i'hoat his bapiisiii rticciivcd the nrtmcof Gt-nd, or 
Sv-=y-f4*J-?2} Albert. 

The fiithir iiad come froni ft^^tand, and llvud in poor circumslanc<!s, Tlicy 
divulc iti Li/A' Grj^iw^tfr (Luilc Grttn Strtctl^ not far from rhc At^dcmv of 
Arts, 'l"h*i incMjn ha^ oEti.-n jM^t-prd intfj Tfitir jjoor room ; sht Itai toJd us nfionl 
it i]i *■ A PieCurC'liouk ^^'ichouc PiL-rur4.'5 " : 

"Tlip hiUvr ai]d mother sJi-pi. hui ibcli" little son did not =i|ecp ; ii^hcn; the 
flowered corccjn hL"dH:urtainE^ mo^-ed f ^iv the chiUi prtp ouL 1 thc]ii^r||: ^t Jirsi 
Tftat he iooted at the burnhohn c:li>ck. for it ^vn^ fintly painted with red and 
ETi'cn, and ihurt: ivjs J cuckoo on llie Iojn ; It h^d hca^'v leaden ^vui^htSi and |he 




L. nr 



TH OK ^V ALU-SEN 



aog 




p^indulmfl with \t^ sl^iniiig lira-^ plate ^vcnt La ^iiul ffo ^vilh a ' tick ! rkk I' ESui 

it w'^'S FiDL ilijt lit luuktiJ at; nt^ it Vh.^5 fiis-inothcr's spinning-ivhi^rk, xvhich SLuiii' 

flitvclLy UjidLT [lit clock ; shifs wx^ the jlt^rci^t ]»ccc 

of ftitnilurc in thu whole hutiv: Itjt rlic lK>y; hiit he 

Jliiui! not tuUL'li il, ((jr it hi: tlitl, lu- j;t>L :i riji nn'cr 

till: licayiL-rs. \\'h\W ht^ nicJtht^r s]iLiiL, Jic wuulj sil 

for hoiiTTJ tcHttlicr lurking ai ilic hti^-^in^' i-pinillt 

and the rtv^hing uht^d, and then hti Jl^cL hko^in 

tlHiti^ht^r Oh! IE hi," uiat}- iLur^t spin [Ji.ii u^hnulE 

I h^ t^llicr hXnil mother ^k-pc : ht: loukL^ atlheni, lie? 

lookird sit the iihtel, aut! [huii i>y rtt^rcta a Utile 

tmkL.<E font iva^ ^liiL-k olil uf U^d, mihL thijii Lin^^tht^f 

n^tkud fi^ntn ilwn there c-imc two j^miill liy>, hIjuJ, 

^'t[h LijumjT, lie ^Eoucluiiihe Hoot". IIhj luititd round , _ 

Oiiuc iiiuft!, ii> i^t if hi> iJ.irt'nts sIcj^l ; yt¥, iliey ijAi^' "^^^ 

did, ,-ind ^tj he ivcnt soflly, ^uilij sottly, ct\\\ in hi:^ r-'^ ' r--\. 

tiulc shin. u[] lo ihe whuol,,nic! he^^in lo spin. Tliu "/j^^j-^^^ 

ccird Liew olT, atitl ilur vvficvl iliun i'i3ii much <|u[ckcr 

hlis tnoiliLf ^hvoke .i[ i\\\.' <^Tnic nic^nic]i[ i ihc <:L]]'[jit^^ moved ; she loc^kcd out 

:t]id ihun^'hE of thi^ hm^v^nk', or aimtbLT tittle sptulniL being. ' ILive merey on 

ti^r ^kl !^he^ LiniL in hi^r fcnr ^hc ntniek her litishLin^l in the ^ide ; he opened his 

c^c&^ ruhbud lIk-lii ^viih his haud::^ und looked nt Lbc busy litLlc EclloMr ' It is 

BerlcL woman," said he/' 

\Vh:it llie moon rekit^s U'c ?icc htn: as the fii^ picture in Thonvnldsen^s litems 
g^tli^ry ; (or it "^ a rtfltclion of The rcnlity, Thi^T^v^iliL-^L-n hii^ hiin^U, ^vjien in E:t» 
nliJtnr conversatmn at NvSlJc, lold ihc anchor alnio^t ^vard (or ivofd whi^c he, in 
his " l^itturc-ljo^tk," left's the ]T»>on ^-^.y. Jt s\-s\.^ one of Iti^ e.iiliejist remtrtibinnKS, 
ho^^ lit, in his liult: shc^t ^^u^t, n^it in the myr^nliglit iind spuo hi^ ftioilLi;!"':^ wl^iAf 
while sh*;, (lirMr ^cHil, ct^ok hint for Et litilu- spuclren 

A it:w ycirSLigo Uutij Mi» hxud nn old ship^ftrpenterp who Tcmenil>trc<l ttie 
little, 1iirh[-ii:LiredT hlue-eycd koy, that cmne to his ffillier in tbt: t^Lr^Mi^r.hon^ii 3t 
the duL-k^yurd; lit mi^ 10 leatn his father's trader find 5« thi; hUtiT felL how 
bad it \\'i\^ not to hL- abk lo draiv. iht: boy, tbLrt eleven yeant of [ige, ^vas st^nt to 
ibe dfawiiic-schtiol sei tli«f Acadttnyof Arti ivh-jre be m^de fupkl iirtKC^-i^fis, Two 
yejus afierwjird, Ui^rrel, or Albertn a-s ^f ^hall in future tall him, was o( t'Tt^J^ 
usLstaiiee to li[±s fatbt^r : n.iy, he e^vl^i imprE^^'cd hi^ \\'Q\:kr 

^Lt the hoviJl'ial^'ihip^ on lite wIlEirveh ! Tlte D^nrtebruE Wives, lbc WOrlimeil 
sit in oiicLe under the .sh^Je iit [beir frugal hrcokfa^i^^ but fo^eino^t st^LEHls the 
principal li^re in this picture Mt [s 4 l?E>y who c,uts with a boki hand the life- 
like f{:aturc^ in tiie wufHlen imn^^" tor thu bu^k-h^bij e>f the vessel. It ]^ t!ie 
ship's gvardian spirit, and^ as tliu in.M iin.i^c from [he b^iiid of Alixirt Thor^ir^^ld- 
SCDp it shaLI ^^"^nder out into the wide wotiiLn ^'he eternftlly sii>]][i]hg scii should 
haptiife it ^vith Iv^ waterSp ^nd hang" its wre.uhs of ^vei piiin(s around iL 

Our next pic;iuri; advanecs a stJjp for^\^afd L^jikjbscrv'cJ antont; the other 



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aeO ARTISTS AND AIJTHOKS 

bo/s, hu has iioiv frcqtcpnicd tlic AcaJcmj's .^hod For ais ycilw tjlrtnlrivn whtie, 
always tsciLLim ^iid sjlmt, he stooJ by liis dm^ving-ijoaiJ. lii^ -ins^vcr was 

"ic!s" Qr "no," rt notl &f 3 shnko of the h*;LHl ; l>m mtldiw^si j-liont; Erom his 
features, mul ^^otl-iiiilLirc wp^ in cvtij' cxprcsi^fln. The pictitrq ^hi>ws y^ AllKrrC 
fl-'^ ;l ciindiJ-Ltt; (or i:oii fir million^ I k" i^ now sevL-i^u-ir^ ^rnTrs of 'a^ — nat n very 

yDUn^^Syjt (0 Mtify ills tiLlfJCf^rtlfll tt>nS[JSltt : hl^ ^Jhlrx: ,Lt j^l- d^ricji liou^c N the! 

ksi :i]rnj[in: rhc jjotir Ipo^-s, lor his Lrto^vltrdpHj is hch ^uHu-itiu to pl^c: him hi|!lu?T. 
Thtrc h-id ju'Tt ;>r ih:hL licnt: l^ccn nn account in iIlc Eii;wt=p[ipLTSr iliat the jhupil 
Tlionvihk4:n hnci ujiin^d tlii: Atjikrny'i ssnalkr rncd-il farn lKifrrt:litr n:|"VscnfinR 
fi ^^Ojpiil J^VEiO-njne." '^li i] ycntr IjjoiIut tlr^l. h:ts a^Jfled Ihr mk^LI?" iHri|ufrH 
tbccLc^ii. ''li ismjscir/' saiJ AlUtrt, Etnd iho clLir^ym^n bakt:<t kiiullr uai him, 
pludid htm Unit amonfT ill ihe huyjs^ And from tl]3ii thuc ^hv^vs tjlUil htm 
.^rttisicurThorujUl^dv Oh I how t\\:Ly\y ihM ihiit -MonTii4,ur" iFitn i^und hi 
his mind! as Jllt bj^ a(Uti ?iafd iJtitiL, it ^-ocrud^jd Tii" nioi^ [johvrifiillv ih^ii z\uv 
Itllc tli.it kings co[ild jrjvc him ; her never aftt:L^\-aril (oftcoc It 

jfl a^iTiiill houw,- in ALihL^urj:L— ihc pircti ^-hcjt; HollrtrEltts his |>o"riiuct5 
dwtll— Kvcd Albcfi 1 hcjui\i3d&jn xviih hi^ i?nrt!iu^. and dliidLil liis rimu ln^i^vttrt 
[|]c stiHly of art and sl^intiiie lijs f.ithcr- Hit ;\ciidt?my s iv^scr j;ft[d ^ jjs th^ai i]]t 
|>i"i=^ lo h^r olnjitiiid fcir J>t:ul|nLST\\ Our sUtIt^t w^s no^v t^vcrnt^- u-ir^ o( ^fic ■ bis 
frioi.ds kiu w Ids abiliiicfl Icntr tbiiii lLi]nst:ir, :ind tht v com|xllcd hbu ro vniL-r on 
ibii r-jsk Tbt- ^iibJL^i |>ra|iL?sTd \\-\^s, ^' Ik-liocjnm^ Diivtn om a( chc Tt^npk." 

Wc 5iu^ now- in Ch:irliJUtniHiru: : lurt ihc Ihck- uhninbtf in wliL-b Tl^nnhuhl^^n 
laltly ^it lo mik^^ hh sUclch is cmpiy^ =ind he^ chavt-d by iht dnnons gf k'itr hIUl! 
diistnist, bi.sicn^ down thi^ niitruiv I}^hc:k-st^i1rf^ ^hlth xh^ iiitLrnLio]^ nat to uiluli, 
Nothing is .incidental In ihL- hk^ of .i jjirtiii MLni,]^ ; nn npfwrLtit ins[];ni(i4:incx' is 
n Goci'iyuidiiiirnnEcr. 'I"i!Onv^ild*tt:n was to uoni[Nlcnj bis t:tsk. Who js it ch;it 
iro|>3 iibn uu Iht-dark ?t^lLs? One of the prok>.s<srs Jx^sL con] l^ that wjv, sf jcuks 
la him, cjUL-^itons admoni^lits hbiv lie rotuins. and In Eonr houris [lit: ikettla i^ 
fLKi-Tlnjd^ LnuE ibciiold niudtd won. Thii w:i5 on August 15, i79r* 

Ccjinit DiiJtw dc Rcvtiulow, minister of s£aE<]. sw ihc tnuny artist's worit, 
Md IvtcaniL- ht-^ fuolei^ior : hi.- i^hiCL-d hj^ t>^^n nnnu^ ^tt iht: ht-ml oE n ^u^1sc^i]>[i(^^ 
tlui enabled Thor^^Mlds-;]! Co ilnvaw bl^ tJniL^ ira tin- stiid,^ of bis nTit. 7Vo VL-:brfl 
aftcj^v.cMl iIk T.irpt ;rald med.il h^i-* [o bt conlvnded £^l^ Jtt the: Atvtdcmv, l\u? ^tic- 
CL.^^ful [.:Lndi<li3[e ihcrehy fTsihnnir the rl^^hi co n tntVcllLiiK s///^-n^a/ffi, Tiior- 
wLddsen w^^ a^^iin the firsE ; hut hefnre hL: eaic^rt^d on his tivivels, \\ vvfts Jccincd 
ncec^sary lo c:^t*.nd that knowledfiir whi*:h ^in indflTeftrnl t^Iutnttcm sit SLhoof bad 
fcft him in uiant of. lie i-eridn H^iFdied^niiid ihc: Acjd4:sm Rniri' hiin itSiLi|hfion : at- 
knowkd^nir:rtt^nnlodon him, a iirenter r<nd niorcsplritujilspln^re Liv open lcj him, 
A i^j^ttrjit Ti^rure stisnd*. now Iw^forc us; it is [h.ilcifii D,nie. the Warned r^nU 
st^^-rc Zoc-:a, [0 ^v|ir>m the youn;; nrli*iT f^ ^^pcciilly tL^onimL-ncledH 'nft M^ho onli- 
sees i^} him ftcr^mmcm udeiiL ; ^vliosr ^^vmlsr^re only |]]d&: of ceiisurt, amt u-ho^e 
cyt sew only 31 servile iinhiuon ol ibe :int]4|ni; in his works. Stf icily hone-vt :n 
]iTS judgment, leeoriEiny to his own idi^sLs, is ihi^ man, who shoulJ be Thonvald- 



Wc IlI ihrt-i.' Vt-lES hIIJl- :tx\'iiy .iTti:! tllu :krri^j1 i]{ Thor^V.ilrl^ifn. ]|3id :i_^k /iJtiTu 
ivhjL lac uo^^- ^ys inf AliiL'il, ui', hi.'v t^L- hutidhiL-; ciill hitn, ALIh:r[Lh. j]^t] lIil ^uilt^^ 
iriLiLi ^h^kL-:^ !it!» huLid jnd b3/&: ^' Then: i^ inLJc:h ti^ bl^iin^'r ^^liIo to iiu satl^li^^d 
w^kUi und iJIIijzcnL he \s not!'' ^~ct h(i wna djli^j^nt in n tii^h ciegrt-f^ ; buE ^^ius 
U foiulyii to n lorti^ mind. "The snmv hafl Jiivt ilitn ffia^^"cd ^roni my ty«i>" 
he li-i^ iiim^clf ijAirn i^pe^ctrl. The iJrnwiiigs \yi iUc D.Liibti |>:tintLT Curati^tis 
(ornnjd owe [}i chy^; ^piriru^il !j<>oI;S iTi-it ^ht^ii it^ holy lin|>tE-?in <}vct llmt groxving 
gtinitii Tilt: Ijitlc ijft-/;\-r loqkciJ like ^t h-ittlC'liiiliL (or louiHbboiit wren hroken 
anfu^ Crrr^uis f^^rt>^eJ thcni ^Itcn in the mi<lnight hour^ ; Jcrspondji^c^ o^^er 
dieif ftiilt^laroki^ them m ihi; J.ij, 

The ihrt-c: Vi^irS, f^if u'hich 111 h.irl rcOtnal ^\ ^f//y^Miftlif^, fvcru as if they Iind 
flown lAW^y, md as yet he h^J prndttttd iiiJihing; Tlic timer for his reiurn drt:w 
nigh- 0]iL' work, lnMvci"et-H he? mn^i ci^tiipktc. thjif it m^gh^ inH with justJM he 
£3icl in Dciiindirk, " Thoi^VLild^n h:^^ ^\uhir ^^'a'>t4^d hi^ tana^^ in Rotni--" Douhting 
llis ii"*-'lliuA JLiSL Whuil h tallhniL^d hinX irto^L nflt^tiianiUcly ; a^Qt t^>:|atN;tiniT a VLt- 
tory, while he already stLHjd oai jisogHm ro^d. K' Enodcllf^l " JftSOn who has (jained 
the Guldi.li FLece/' It w.w ihlmluit Thor^^zild^^n woultl hcivcgnincd in the kitic- 
dpm Qf .inSn iiml whii^li hr iiuw thoitght he must nj^iKfln 'he li^irc sli*yd ihtre 
ht cl\iy, f]auy eyes luok^jcL u.hrek-^ly cjn [l^ ami — he hrrhke it Mi piL^x:'^ 1 

It wjis tn April, ifloif rhar hi^ reinrn home w-tsfisiJ, m comjjnnv with Zocjst, 
It WhITi put c^ until the .iLitLiinn. During ihi^ jliaic: "Jli^h " rjhxupik^^f fill Ins 
thou^lifv ;V nL:w, a l.irgi'i A^ivx' uf ihi.- liei'f>^v.Ls forniL-d. .in iuirnortnl work i Imt 
it hlfl not tlitn Iiur^ci annonnJ:Q^<l lo thu woihl, iiur tmttLf^cotJtl hi' It- '■ I It^rt: is 
Socnuthjny ]in>re than eommon \" waa said by nijiny, IL^-tn ihe nijn 10 wliitiaT i^tl 
pnfd hc^n^Hh^re, thr ilLu^trious CLiciova^ sLjrteJ, and e-vcljimed ; "Qu[:^t^ pp^ta di 
quiil gig^'nuL" IJjnt;^" t: (liIEii in nn^i ^tlo iiiuava d^raiiJic^^^" JToiT^astniled, ."It 
k hjnvely ilon<; I" said In:. The D.inish ^otigstresij, l-redi.ril:lic [Jrkinn, wns tlico 
hi ko!i|[^ 4md smfT eiithLisiastScally ahout TliorvvahLsen'^i " J.i*.[>n." _Shc jssisti^d 
the urta^r, :{L>ilint Ik \\-\.i^ tunhlcd to L^t Thi> Ittftinr l^'^l in pkL^er ; for Uc him^U 
Jiad no muiL- nioney thai> was )«st jiilTiccLjnl for hii e^|>C]isew hamc- 

Tlie l.ssi ^1^^ of wint; fiad hcnjn :ilr\:^dy drunk ;^6a faivwull. the U^mjjs packed^ 
and ilie -.i-//s*t s'su?*', estrnsigc wis hefore the ^loor sii d.iyhreiiki ilie lio^ts wc-rt 
fastened liehhid, Then cnmi: n rL-llOw-trnVi'ller — the ij^Liliilor^ lli^'mami, wfio 
was returniji^^ to his nqlive tity. licrltn. E lis passport was tiOi L'i\:id)\ Tlw'ir tic- 
panxircrmtst l>e jatit uff unlJl llit^ ^cM d.iy ; md Thorwjldseti [^-onmed. ;llthc>Lt^^h 
tlic r<:^/fx^/^tt^ conipl^lncil ^m\ ^dm!>^:d liimnTrj remain so !c>ny. l-k siayed— stayed 
to whl Un ipFimnrtal iiame on earlh, Eind tn^t a lustre c^v^-r [K'nm:irk. 

ThrjU[;h forty yearns re™ii;nt in Rume, rich hIiuI hide[H'ndentH he livtzd gnd 
worked with the thought of Cfnce rj^itirnintr Ifcomc to rXmnaikn thert to rt^t him- 
^If ; urt.Lcctistomcd m thegrejii cocnfciict. uf <Jthur rich nrtibts in R^nw. he Ik-ed 
ji hdchv]oi^^ Jiff. Ww^ his he-ut, then, nrh Igni^tT ujK'n n^ li:i%^ --inije his lirjit de- 
partuvc f]"0]n Co|>e]d]Apcn ? A thousand bejucJful Cupids in laiirbk^ will tell na 
how warmly thai ht^rt he^t. Love belong to life's iny-ittties, 

We kno^^" thjt Thoriv&ldscn left a d.iu-::hti-r in kuane. whose hattli he ae- 



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ARTISTS AN^D AITHOKS 

Inglj- litiVL- j^^'cn lirr li:isu! to ihsgiL^^t STtEi^- The J"L-Jt Ixforo hislirst rtlum Hj 
Dt^tmimk tic? fczi^' JU ^t N:L|fkH„ llekI iva^ nur-^d ^y 4111 Encli:^ htW wl]t> Tclt the 
m^K ftrdcnt jtJT■;r^jc^rt f(fr \-\i\\>: ;i>iii, futin ch-n TcL^iny of gfiiti(utk ^v|iii:li ^va:^ 
A^i-^L[;FiL-rl in him, h*.- imiiu-fljjitrfcy toii*itTiti.-d tn thirir iinrpiv Wlivn lie li.iU av- 
cfJVcivJ ntiiJ rtitc:rw.iril iTturiK-d io KthrcJL-, ihi^ f"^^'^^' |«tvi;J t^^ liis ]niP3tL, jit 
rdi iliiL h<; \™* not noxv forintil lo 1^ ;i husb^ind, Mknu^vltdccrt chst iii^ihuile 
itfts tioL lave. fl]ii! ih.iL iliL"^ wci%3 ifcuT sLLiiitc! for ^ThIcIi ^tthrr- otirr ji loni: crumbut 
\i'fr]] hiPTTst^ir. he ^vTclc fluil iFifornit^d Lcrof his dclcnxljiialirjrir Tlitirivjlil-^]! wis 
]\iivMV marricJ. 

Thjj foll4Jwiii2 ci.tji is -1^ chiincitrJ5tic of l»s \\\^\n nj^ c>/ hi*i ^vholu pti^>n^liLy. 
Ol>c iJliV, ^^bili' in Koine. tlitT<^ i_jmt: 3 poor coxinlnniiin to him. :tii jtiisi^ti. who 
l>;nl lonH iK-L-ta il!. He cunit-^ to siy fuftrv^'dr, .inJ i" ihaiik Inni for [he Miciu^^r 
tli^it lie .Lhd DThtirs of hjs coiititrvmoii li^t^! Mihwrilinl ir^L-th^i^r, wiiU xvhit:lL i]c was 
to rL-ocLi huiutx 

"Hue to[i Mill n<v w^^lk rlie whole ^iMv?" =n&lt! Thotwiildajii. 

" I ^^ oblifjcnl 10 Jt* SO+" rtpliij^l tiii" mnn, 

"But i"oi[ hIR' r-EJit too wwilc l(p ^v.ilf; — hCNti cjiiitLiL Lear i\\C fatpgiie. iwr must 
you tlo Lt I " Siiul Ite- 

Tli"^ nun n^syrctl him of ihe ncecssitv of flDin;^ ^d. 

ThoruMl^l^L-n v.-t-nt ritid rjjjLrjicJ j iLnLWi-r. luok i3i]t ahsLnfLfnl of ^v/,V^" and gave 
thetn to him, ^^aijni;. ''Set. }\iyy }-i^u ^vill ricio ihc wholi- xvjiy I" 

The inLin tiirtfil:*^tl hinu J^ut nisHicretJ Jchn ih^t ]]ts gift would hpI be more tlian 
sulTiL^ii^iU 10 CJrr) him ft> l-luivncr. 

'MVtdir' sjid Tli[iTWHk1d^"nHelMEi|iiu=: hJm on ihr ^laiM^iVy .l^ ho wunt u^e^y 
oml-timc [o the dra^^'er ;ind to^pk oui -intiiKrr h-icadfuL Th*; m.in w^s t^ruti^Eyl in 
(lie lti|^hi!?,t ^1e!;RX^ and ^ims ^^^ini?. "^ Now ycju L-m vidt The \vhr>le ^^hLv ftume 
and hi! c:onifoiLih]r on the ii^av/' siid lie, as he iLnlloWLd i1ll> man to ilii^ nluor 

"1 am V(r^v plflri,"*^id thir man. " CjCkI blesi you f^r it ! hut to ride the 
whole way rcL|uifts ;i liute L.L|>itjL" 

■■ ^Veil. ihvn. itll mc how j^hM ihtit mu^t ht;." he aske^L ^fld looked <?anicsl!y 
nt hiyn. The rtian in fi niodust manner named Lhertrqiushe smn. nnd UiorwMit^-n 
W^-nr .i ihii-iJ tlmr to tho <lmii'rrH cnnntLd oui the Mmi, ^i;t:on^iJaiiied him (o tht 
dour, pitssod his liandn imd TejH^ntLd, " lltLi now you will Hile, fo] you h^tvt not 

h^FL^ticih c^ '\y^\k ! " 

OiLf aitisi did not iKlontr to the class of *rrriiT talken^ ; h ^V35 rmly in n T^mall 
dfi^Ie lh.it he eould lie 1>toii^Hu 10 ^y :iiiyrlun^r, Imt lln:n it xvi-i :ilway,^ ^^-ith ^lll' 
nior und ^zaT'cte. A icw encrj^eilu exclamations of hts ^tt^ prseivertr A wi^lU 
known 15Cul|^to^, eSjirLSsIng himsth" oni^ di^y with much M:lf-leehng, entered Into 
J difs|>nt<7 with ThoTiralcl^n, [icarl set hi> ohh-n work^i o^-^^r che lalti;r\ " You may 
hind mv htrndj^ lielusid me," ?.iid Thcinviild^t^n, "and I ^Ul bile the marble out 
with nit' t<^th hi:itt:r ihjii you ean J.'at'^'e it." 

Thoi^^^ildMn po5se?sed iiKcimens in plii-rlcr oE jH his work^ ; th*;Mi, together 
with the rich mLirbk stLitbe^ iind by-^i-rtlletie which he hstd colk^tud of hi:^ own 






. i 



THniJU'ALnSEN ?iH 

florord, without c«ltr£ atid iTic FiumlK-r ^f (isiiniin^ thsii he cvcrT Vftir hotig)i[ ol 

yoLiiiy ELitist^ formed a ireasurc tliAt lio wialit^d to liav*i in his pro|H?r homL-, Co- 
pc]ihfiji^n. ThiTtrorti w^hen the E>^iii^h ^D^^ornmcnt stnt vw^k of w^r c<] the 
M^;Jit.c;rr-ni«iii, in orJcr [o fuinzh tlit: ^vi>rks iU.it \\'<iv^ re.nlr for ih?^ |^-i!:[il-4^ or the 
chuTchii^ ht= nl^v.tys ^^iit (i iiumhcf of \\h own ihiii|^ \^H[h Lhi^m, L)^i]niJiiE: ti^if 
tc> tnht:ri[ 11)4::^" treasures of iLTt ; ncadn in oi'dcr to :^ci: tficrtii i^]k-i:tcd in :t jjIeu:^ 
worth^^ of th<:^'\y ^ ^^^1 w^ i^iv^kcnnLd ii] the ]i[iLioti to btiilil a iiiusi^utTL for tF^cir 
rcL-cptioiL A i:Qiii[inLi4;c of his IJnnlsh adniircri^ nnd fritnds ^nl out i i^i^tiiSK 
tion to tlic pLJrt]fclL^ [!i.it cr\Tiycint: niij_[lit ^'wa^ tlu^ir mite ; manv ii pofjr ^-n-nnl* 
girl Jnd m.iisy 4 fjc-jiJiit y-iVHj thi:JT^ ^ ih^it a ptwjd ^uni wjv ^^oon colkci^d* 
FrLtltticl: \'^T. iia^'t? gromid (ar iht: lnjilding, :^]^r^ the crcctioii [J]L^rtior wm com- 
niittod to th^^ iit'ch]tijctt Uinilc^hol. 

Thoi^^-dildi4.'i]^ ill tSjSp 1iiiL Litr:iiiiet1 uinvcrsjl Tiimu. Thu fri^Hil^^ Itni.i \v=if 
dc^pntchod to bring a ciirgo of hij ^voiks to Co|K"nh^[jc]i, acad he v/.is ta arri^'c 
ut the same tinic^ pc]'ha|>^ to rHjjflstJn in Dc]iinn[l:. Clow to Presto \i'j\\ ^t* 
roun^Rd by wood-grown biiik^ lies NyW^t:, the principal soot of tliu b^ronv of 
SlnmpCnhorgi n plnicc srhith, EhTOii_[Eli llit^rwaUljocfl, h,i^ b^\■^^FTHJ Tenijiiiinhk- iit 
Dj;iiiii3Tkr The open strnpd, the hi^^iqtiful bt^ch wrtods ':^x[i iht' litilu ti>\vn 
Seen tlsroMjrh llic oreh^irds^ nit sonic: fnj^v Imuthcd p^^o frcnii [3ic ]Ti3Ui]oii, ]ii^tti 
ihe pbcc Worthy of a xisit on accoEini of ii^ \n\\y D^ini^h sct^nf^y, liure 
Thorwuldi^t^rt IuuihI lii^ hc^t liomt: In Deninark ; hen: he scuined |o inere^ii; his 
fAHit, -Liid hL-rc .1 iUirtcS i^i hjii" Lt>t ht^nctlfiil UriS'a^liufs ivutL'l' pi-odac4.'d_ 

B;i]On Stampe was one of natures noUk-si-mindcd mcti : hi-^ ho-^itnlUv and 
his Izid^'s daiijiliLcrly ^ilTeetion lor Thonvnlds^^n opened a home for ]tjm hcrre, n 
coinfortjblc add gfjod one, A K^cnl cut^'tic jsower in the b[irot^e^ incited his 
actii'ily; she fLtEcnik^J liini with n diiuf:hter'i> enre, elicited fiom him cvcr^' \iu\^ 
\vh\ ^nd c.^L^utij<l !l Directly alter his lirst visit to NjsOOp a short lour tn 
MoLLi's chalk cliffs ^^'jis Hirri3nH<ic[, and durins the fevv" days that were p-^ssed [|h.tjj, 
B tittle -t/r//Vr WM ertcu^d in the g^rdt;n M NystW, clo»: to thti cnn=d which bntf 
cncirelcs tfie priiic:ii>a] building : h^:^:, nnd in n corner room of tfsc inan^otiH tm 
the first lloor factng l.!ie sea, nlo^t oc Tlior^valdscn's ivo]!:^ dufin^ the bsl ye^rfl 
oE hit life, wltc cXL-eutt-d t "Christ LScnrins the Cro^s," "The Entry into Jeni- 
Salemn" '' Kebn^Lca at the Well," his o^i^n porlrait-slatue, OchlLin^hhLtier?^ ^ind 
[lolberg's hu^ls^ etc. !l.iLcjncs3 Siampe wu^ in f^hhfsil atEendanec on liiiai. l4:iit 
hini hT heLping hnnd, 0]>d read ^lond for l>ini frtm UollKig. Driving abroid, 
^i\:Lkly concerts annl in the ev^tilne*^ hh londej,t ph\\ ''The Locterj-/' wert; ivhal 
most eitiily L\scJtcd him, and on ihe*^- occ;.i^ionji he Wduld fiii' manv amusing 
things, lie lia*: rej>rescnted th<: Si.mipc fftniily in two haii-rclie(s : en the One, 
re]}t'e^nLEii_tr the mother the t^^'o diiij^lnefs, and (he youniJiisT soia, is the artis 
Idmself; the iitliLr cAhibits the f.itJKr^Lnd th^i two eld^.m sr^n^ 

All circln-s ^o^jrhl to attuict Tlior^v.ildstn ; hij was 'At evetr fjcat fifsli^^Bl, in 
cvi.vy great soeiecyn anci evc;ry eveninK in the theatric hy tho side of Odilert* 
echlai^r. IMsj^atnew was allied T.n a mildness^ a straight Fonvardness, that m 
the higher di.^gree fastinLittd the ttrungcf who appro^iched him for thi.^ lirst 




•fe:*~ 



sot ARTISTS AND ALTHOKS 

liuic Hi^ a^^U/T ill CO]H"ni!.ii;Lii \.\':l^ vMiMil ilnily : lio therefore l^Ai hfiU'^Jl 
more ct>[n(u>rfal]1*: Lind undtSi-Lirhwl st Nysoc. Djrcni SiLicnjx? and liis family jic- 
cajnp^chiod luni lo lt;iK m JS4I4 when Eie again vJ!=^iicJ th^t cx^untry. The ii'hole 
jnunit-j'j \\'U\^h \\\i^ Ui' ^^'J>' of ll^'iHn, Drr^cn, Fnnk{<jrlH tlic KliJnc lo^viia. imd 
Manwlifi^MS a coiuiiiuod Lriuii][jlMl piocirwionr "J"!!!; ^^iiilcr WhIs |hii>sctl in I^^iite, 
ind Lht Dnilo? thcrtr hid 1 liuiiic in which thrv touud n ^^'L^t^oiTu:. 

The (ollo^^ii^H year Thonvild^cfl ^'^ ^jinin in Dt.-nin;irkp nntl a[ lits favorite 
phcen NyMc. On Cliri*iiina^ \^v^: he hcrt furrntd hi^ ]>t^aiilifnl has-ruKcEn "Christ- 
mas |ovs ir llcntciL." whicLi Oi-^ilc^tischl-i^jrcr jjon^cralrj wiili a pCk;m. Tlio la^L 
btnEid:bv of liP"? lift w^ ttlchrat^Hl lit:rc: ; the j]tr(oTniauer of one of llolbc'irii's 
vaudc^'il]^^ vf^ :u-tAn^ed, and ^uuf^tcfs tnvittrd ; ycL the morLiii?^ of ihit day ^va? 
U]4f liornirhc.^t, when oiiiy the Janiily lihU dw Linihar of ilti:^ mcn^oir, wlio lind 
u'rittun a cTn:rrv song for Lh<; out^isl^m, wljich w-.i'^ _^i!l \^ri on thi; ^jj|i(jr, plj^cd 
Llicii^^K'^:^ outiide- tlicr artist's dooi; im4,1] i^'iUi n }u\tr of taiijss, n |!On;tr, or a lioEil<: 
5>n w'hich ihcy rnblnjd a cork^ tisj^tl pcconi|Tinil]iii:nt, nnd ^iwr the mng as a niont- 
ing j^E^Liji|f. Thon^'£ildi^-n, in liis nwniin^' j;oivii, OfH:i]i't| dn; ^hirar, l.uiirhinjr; 
ht nvirtL'tl ]ti5 bliick ]^:jphacL'i t:i|^ tc^ok 1 pair 4if lunjr-, tinn-^^Jt, Jind act:Om|Mntt'J 
us, while hr tianccd roLcmi and join4;iE ihe t3tlit:r> irt ihe fcw»d " htirmi^' 

A ehLimiing hK-fclic-En '' The Cn^niuy of Pyciry/' wms ju^it ct>in|ik-lcd l it ^v-as 
lli*i sialic tliat Thomalti^tMj, OH the h^t tkty oi \w Wh, iii^ULMihLtl [0 OcJilcn- 
&:lily.'f;urH [ind stid> " It ns:iy j-vr^-t ti^ a jLit-diLJ foi i-cm " 

On Sun<hy, ^f^r^;h ;]4, [H+4. :i snull p^ury of friiiitds were ]i-S3:mh|::d at ihe 
t4usiden[:c ol |!:nxjn Sl^rniic-i in Co|H^nh:tgi:n. TlLQiw.dtlsc]^ w.]^ ihL^re nniL wj!^ 
Lnn^^iEly livtily, lold itorlts, .md spoke of a jourjKy eh.hi lii: inundid to ntnte to 
Italy in ihc cout-^ of the: .^Liniiner. Cndin^ liayeJ}' of ^'GrisL-ldi^^^ ^"n^ it} hu 
performed foe th-^- fnv iitnj-' ili^c ex^-nin^ at the iliuar]'L. Tr^i^edr w^s not hrt 
favorite i^tihjctl, hut cojiitdy^ :i[ad pirliLnlLirJy iIil- c_<fn]i:dcL^ (^f I IcjUi-^r^ : h\M It 
Wa5$^ini[^i-iih^^' nt^w liiLit h^ w^*^ I-O si^Ch £Lnit iL !iad 1»ueunie ^i -^oi 1 ^^\ k.ibli ^vich 
lijm to ]rt:i^ Lhf L-x'tzinujt ill lliu tlicLiLr*^- About sax o'^jloeli, lhi^i'4:foix', 1il* went lo 
tlte liic:atrc 4ilone+ The o^crcu^c; h^id ht^^^^Lni ; on entirrin^ he ^Liook hi^nds with 
;i feu' of lTi^ fiiLiiid^ taut: hi--^ uMti\l ^at^ ^tood itp .ij^niln Lo idluw one to p.h^s hitn^ 
£ut down -k^^iiEi, hc^nt hi^ ItUsid, and wj-^ no more I 1'hc: n>iisii^ LL^ntiniLL'tL Tluisc 
tttatest CO fi3jn iJhi?U|tJ}L hi^ wi^if only in 2 ?s^vDon, atid lit: \\:\.-^ burn^ out; but he 
Wis nuTflbut^d with Ihi; dcadn 

Tlie rnonmful inti:llii^^-ni;c of hi^ death soOrt -^pteinl titrong'b r!it cwnwi^^ and 
ihrotii^ii :il1 iLnil"^ ; (unei^il Jlt;^4.-^ w^re Mjn^and fLniLifLiE fi^sci^.tls wx^fearr^n^Lni in 
Ucrlii] atxd Ifoiiie ; hi thi^ D.iiiish theafixv xvlion^;^ hh> soirl tool: it^ ilighl lo G^J. 
titcre Vr"^ hl fetivsii ; tlic iilai:c wlioic he i^t wm^ ducontiL^^I wNth cs-ajHi .md lanrel 
Wrt^tli.^ and ^i jinein by HLiiivrg w[i.s j'ceitedp ii] vrlrJcli Fii^ grcacn^si and hh deaEli 

WiiTfl £Llludl!d EO. 

Tiiii d^iy before TliOrwaldstii^ d^^ih the iiiterior <jf his tomb ii^as finlslicdi Tor 
ii w&!^ h\s whit thii[ his n^niain^ ini^ht rest in the i:et^tre of the tiouri-^^r^L oE tlic 
nin^-uTii ; it w^as tKen ^N^allc;! ro^mri, and he Jftp^rd th^it tlu^inL mijjfit he a marhlc 
tdgc jtrouTld it, nniL ;i fevv io^^tnje^ ztncl iLov^'cn^ ^lant^;^ On it as hii^ inonumcnu 



4H 



JliAX i KAN^'ura MILLET 



a45ri 



The whole huiliLing, ^niJl ll"^ rii^h UeiifiuT[;S vrlmh lie ^^irsiintwl tci Ills rJi|ic:r).-)nd, 
w\\\ Ij4! I]is Tiii^iiuTTicnE ; his \vorks ^iru t<3 l>c pljicrcd !]> Lhi: ruoni^ <}! lIio ^^qui^ri! 
l^xcilUiiiE^ Uut surn^ui^cj^ ih(.' r>peti cQurL-^yar^lH '^^^ ^I'hiLli^ iK^ih intorn;i]ly ^tid t^f- 
rcninHy, .in,- p:ii]ii[^J in iUn Poin|H.i^Hi ^bylc 111^ arrl^'iil tii l1ic rc>nds dI Cop^^i^ 
hog^n -ind LinJin^ ^c tliij i:l1:^to^l-KcllL■^c fufin ilae ^ubjci:t& di!pick:d in tftu i:on]- 
jKirLinL^ihi:^ nEuLur iIil- whiiLo^ra of one E.](Lt^ uf Llai: iiiu^um. Thiougl] nj^rtaiLirius Lo 
(cjtnc will i^.utoii:^ ^vanckr m J>:i3[iuirk ; tio[ fiMured by onv ch[ir]Tijng grc^n i^- 
.mJ?^, with Lhi:!!' fivsh bizccb-wouds nlocii^ — iho^ but to so: tlii:sc works and Ehi'f 
luinh. 

Thuii; 1:^ lioii^^^vcr, onir ]jlic:i: moii: ih^iL iho stran^i^^f wi[] visits Lho JiLlIc s|JDt 
ai NvsOc wlitrcr his ct/^//yr !irnn<L^ nniL whi^re the tree brtiris tls braticlies over the 
connl to till: iolit^iry s^Vr^ii '^vhv:h hn Eud. The naciie of Thonvaldstn will he re- 
mc^tnlK^rcd [[i I-'ii]^'l:iiid hy lu^ ^ntiEc^ of Jrison :iii[l Ryron ; iii SMltd^ir!nii{lH by liifi 
^' rL-^u[]ilii;[it lion ;" iit Ugt^skildtn by bis lio^uro of ChnisLKUi tlic I'c^iirth. It wilf 
live in cvtiy Lrcu^I i\\ whkh a lov^ of nrt i^ enkindled. 



JliAx'^-l-RANi^OlS MILLKT 



Qv Cln^kfLNI^K CW>f: 



fiSM-j57j) 




vv 



7L- k-^lJ eIi^i on [rme CK^sion, when & 
piclurc by scjnic Dntrh nirtisi, rc|ire- 
5cntmff priisants cit thtrlr spmt:^, \\^as shown 
to Louis ^\IV., be nnjjnly t^xcLilmtjtl, 
^'Tahc nwjy th^wt v^jmin T' Sitch sub^ 
j*x:t5 JnKl never beon thPitn hy PrLiidi 
artists, nor iiidet^l luid [hey been ito^n ziiu^ 
w^lc^e in EuropL- h^fDrc ihc DuLcH atd^t^ 
het^ran toiinintthemilubr^^VivnTuenthert^n- 
tiiiy. Tlic? lulii^n i>:i]nt4:r^ of tht carlv acid 
rhc lator H^-rtals-^rLcc, wt^rltjnp Jilmo-^E ts- 
L^Lisivcly f^r [he uhitrchcii, or for Lhr pn]^ 
OLV^ of |>lc:JSEjre-loi'iT>;! piinct^ did not 
CTJiisider the p<:3Sinr or ihc Ifibcirini! n^an. 
by himsdr, ,l jMty[icr jiuhjm for his nrt If he: were IntroduLcJ ot nnv litflcinto 
pioftircor KT^^rdtc^ it w:iq<]nK'His a nvtvpsarj- qc[^r in scrnn] ri:llgi<>(t; ri[L>ri", such 
as '^Thc Adorjtlon of the Shqjhtrds, " ciC m the reprei^nLitkMks of the month:^ Oi 
the sd:uoiLs, as in tJn/ Fountain of the l^ublit Sc|itaFc; at l^:rLCjTin, ulit-re \te ^c 
Lhe jicfl^ni Ln/ragirJ m ihti Igh&rs of eIil- fjimi ur vincyaid : cuthny: ihu whe-u, 
patherinLMn the Rrnfirs, and trending tput the wine, and, in the later season, dress- 



-w^ 




^ ARTISTS AND AL'TIIORS 

iiig ibc hop he hiis been killing ; fur in ihusc Il-k ^j>|iiflica[til Ejmcs Ail, na 

The < Vrni.in inj'i^ <iri!i>- sixii'i^riilt tvimin' liurcKliicfd pci^^jiirMinir jKr^^nt- 
lifer iiiiu ili[-ij' ili-.si^ii'. \«'Lk''r]i-v<;r rlic ^uhji^ii jtLjEiirii.i:d. Alln-rr I'lurcr wns,sfH:Ll:il- 
\y given ut iliis, -nul ii nficii Ki^vsa p.iniciiliir savoj, Miiii.'tJnu's a hjlMnniKHmus 
fXlircM^ion. to ti\i iinutiirnt ci even rdl^ioue 5uI>jkis ; uswlicjc, in hi- ik-.ft;n. 
"Tlif i^rjKw iri I'^^^i'fji." hi' sfjrMVh J<jM:jjh, tlit fo'rtirr-l.jfln.T of Jesu?. rnuhirtg a 
wnriiT'Crrpd^h .kii oJ .k liuji^: l<j^r^ juJ j l>^vy ul tlnTiil-iiiLliJii^ jiboui Tilrn jjailier- 
iny up [III' thi])'^ M-irj'H nH;i(iiM;iil(-, js; th,- ]k:.ls.iiiL jiioiIht, &ii^ bv, ^jtinnrng 
mid [OcliJng [hir triutle of rJic I l"ly Child ivirh fttr focic. 

Huiihc'^i-iiiiinplii'h uiil-- !;tiv« HHii-iki' Lln-.ir.-r ifit fji:] ih;n in tin.- i'.irli<T Ttnics 
there Villi rm \Aaw U,„ii\l [ii .trt fut i1|l r,:|m;si'ii[jifijii i.f the InliuHiiK miin, 
wlirilii:r ill llu lield at iit ilitsliDp. <-x€i-yt ^^ nn iJlii^lriiilrm of 5<.-a}c :ilkporica] 
or rdJ^oiJS lUmic. Nur m Jhc IJindi rfituiu's |]i:i] ].,*"!!. .XIV. iltsptsfrf, Jind 
llial our own liniH' ImhI', -.u vjIimIiIi: Eur llwlr iniislk qiinliijc^, was ihL-ft ^invlhjng 
ouiiiflp df ilirii l.ujiiifi LH ri( liii^i.^ ,,f i,„,c z-t mlgr lo rc^Iixjn ihcii unrMilJ:^ 
ncnf viil-jTiiv Tlure wiL* no |jo.[iy in [he (itaCiiiLi]ir. nor uny &<'iii|H:iiliy wirh 
anvlhiiii; l>ij"lKT Ehar ilit p^os'-'vi gii-rzWu-^. fij;hliii^H nm! lii>rsH:j>lji\ Tlii- i-n.ii 
iiini>jLu}L. rt-lio, m:iri,i,liii^ It, hi'i liyliis. i^-as n man of dclit^icj nnd fullij^nirnL 
tt--iici?rijhilvi4,'hi In uoiiioiiininKSdch wilf]\vK ninl h is |H;rhj|h lo hi5,:i,:d[i rlijt 
hr did nol iLin: tnougli for ■ \rl li>r .\]['-i ^ik^. ' w cxcusi- the hnivi\'tty of ihcT 
Illume for iht 'iuk'^ of ilu' [jlmuiv o( iln- ri:tiitili]" 

fhc iii^si a]i|n::ir,mcL: of Che pi^ii-^nii in iri w,is of ii \'izi\- difT^^rent wirl, nnd 
Kpns.rn«d a vtfy .hffciviu Mnti^ <3f wiijf fri.|ini! TroiTi ihc " pen-^ij^s " af Ui« 
Duieh piiinitrs. In iJii- Sabn of ifi:,o ihi^n- upijcaivd n piciute cjIkJ -nii; 
SuWtfT " Mi{\ n-'iirvscnriiij.' n yuimjr pc.iaini suh^'lnt^ K'-iin. TIktc a-.ts iii^iIiIhk in 
Lhe suhjtfei lu Hin"<3Mi [[ [i.i-iii-nhirly iviih .iny ^rcli^riou^ synilKilism— noi eirn 
rflrh ihc Pariibii- oi" ihc Si>ivrr aho •tvi-m forih ro mjiv ; nat w'ah any m-tIls uf 
lunajnilictiLions of ihc mniuli^ This v-as a simpk |iensin[ of iln; Norman eojM, 
in hi'^ rcrl hlmjiu sirjit fi],ii- n-jusi-rs, his le^s «Tj|iitL,| in scr-ni-, nkd hk we-nliuT- 
Jn^urciL Ji.K, r'uH of IicfIc^ JJc nun dir-^ with the rlM'thniic ^iti^ii l^■'^.^c m-ct-miy 
by hU la^h, o^tT iln- dnwiis ihiic iv|> ih,; liigh ulilT^ folhtwid hy j ilyml uf tnrjivs 
tlifli jjrjun^L- iipoii iUl- >-iain j:^ lie ■i[>ivs it. Ai fLrsi sighE ilicn: would scoin to ]>e 
hoihiiiy in ih[s piiJiiirL- i<> call for pnrricnl^r i.oiiec . bni ihi: |)uhl^. ihc ariisr^ 
Ihc uruiiis Hvii' ^^■i^ll uiif .mord .sirim^lv nhaivii to ii. SonH'ihin;; Jn ibe jiiciun.- 
]L|>|K^jdeJ ui Iil|ii|m, .k.-ih.r Ehaii men- ruritwK, jHiL ^n inlrreH vi'.i'^ Lxcju-d sudi 
B.H did not naiumlly bclonp ro n pkcurt of a nuui ^iwhip a ftthi of grain, Tlw 
in-t:ra i^'j^ th]!^: iliai ji man li-jm :nid br^^d in dfe mfdn,! oria bn 11112 pt-ojilf^. Hmg. 
tlinp rt'iih ih<! Iianl iiett^sbit-^ „E lid.-— liiiii4:H a inbuiL-t. ^nd <iiit who kni:iv by 
fA|n:iii iiiL-t .ill eIk- Jiijbi:^ jnd shades of ih(! hihynVs hfi-— bjd paini^'d ihi';piciurc 
oui or iiif Divn dpcp ^nnpjthy wirb his fdloivs, and m phi-^- himi^Jf by rcpto- 
duciiig the inwi rfgnificdm and poniciii ^4:1 In rlu: lifi- of ihc Farnnj. 

rhc pinier of ibis ]>ieiurL. ih^.- liEst ]nju fiE our liinL- 10 pvc Iht luboter m 
the litlds and un 1I11-- E^rni a plaen in art, jniJ lo ^t firu3>le lo ihinlviiig sihout him. 



t. 



flsa man, not m^^foli^^jui illcisFr^iion nf ^nic sacn-d :cxi, or in imiifii.' ma hook 

He vi-as Imni .u Gruchv, ,i smill finmlci itu rhc coa^i of T^orjn'iiiilv. wlier.: liis 

fiFiiH}, wdl kium-ii in rh<: rt?:i"ii |,.r -<^i' mI ^{;n<:ruLiuns lived In- liii.- Iiifwirpt 

iht-ir hai]<[s. aiki^'-uiiigilitfrfiiililj | L.^L-rdiiutt ihi: Mmpk- iiitucV ni liun p:ia- 

wral JiiV, \i'i(|ioii[ .iiiilfiiiun ami wiihouE Jcsire Tor cljiinirt, TIfis tonii r» vas a 

pit ol life itli^joti of [lic tDunirv .111 J rnu.'ii ntn Ik: Inotii^d upon ^s jr^rnine a Ion' 

BUT.-' M iiu.llim;iicc or of iiiiLnnTi Of ih<?ir iiL:[^-lilNirs wu li-ivi' no incount. hut 

ilie Milki lioiri.<iho]d coiiMif]tJ mi\iiy oi ijk cii'iiUL-ms iImi go 10 susiLiiii rhc In- 

icllcctual no ic's liua ihc fipjriiuji! ti(o. U ificrc ii-os |ila'n] ji^irn-, ihtTi; *-;is hi^h 

thinUiiu;; xh^-vi wenr Ijuok;: ami of iliu hew, niKl mar,, ihar nnc nicmhcr of ifie 

ciicTi! valued k-3ri]iiis for it? invn s.ik..'. Mill^-i oh^tci Liiut:li id his ^■EanrimothcT. 

a womjLii ^if «qv^[ stnii^iTi of ^iiaiicicr ami of .l deeply ttlifjion^ njuirc. As hii 

goilniQili.;r ^ht aaw iiim liij ii.iinc. caUni;^ him Join, ^ficr his laihcr, ami Fran- 

^i^, 3f[i[ Saiiir f caiiuis of Aj^iIsI. As is u^ual in Ciithoiic count riL^,r he Ikii- rtas 

calk'il :ifEL'r li,,: n^mc of hl^ pdtmci Kiim, and In iJit' chsc of Milk-r, Saini i-rams, 

liK ■idi'iii lu^ CT iif iiciiure, Lh,: fricn^i of iIll- birds .uhJ of all ik- aniimic creaiion, 

wai wvi[ L-liow-n a^ ti],: aii,inli:in of one w]ki wjs fo proi'C himaclf. all hh llv. ilic 
^KioLiJic loi-Lr of natiirc. 

The l)o>hond ol Milki w-a^ \yj^<^d or Ihhiic, Hi: had no scliootinc pjiccpi 
some &mall in^irucEJon in r.atiii fn>Fn lUa vilja^- prin^t ami frofii a iitj^-hborin^ 
cui^rc, l>Lii lie iimilr: ^rond u.:!.' of wh^i lie Ic^anicil, He ttorktd on ilie fatin niih 
his fiihuF and his in^n, plojyhiiij;. h:im]^i.ine:, iinhving, ri'a]>iiii:. mrrt^in-;. ivinnnw- 
iuK— in J word, nli^Hny atlivuly ^fkl conlunlL-dly b all iJii: \^orli ihjt U'loiigs lo 
ihe f.iitncr's lifi^. And in [he fuiiH iiinicr e«nin;i^ or In ihc ffw houre nf rest 
diac [he day afToi-d^Ml. ht would liungnly dovour tfic books ihai ^ac ai h.ici-l^ 
tfif " Uv*^ of ihc S:ilnii," ifii? ■' Confessions of S.iinE Aiifiisiiriir." rhc ■■ Lilu of 
Slim Jerome," Diid eiipfxijally Hk klci^, which he rr-.id and re-rcjd all Kis tif^- 
Then: ^nd ihe philo^i.htrs of Pore Ro^al, wiih lio^^uct, Jiid l^-nijlon iviih [he 
B]h]c :ind \'ngil, ivtr,: UU mtriTal fnoiL \'ir^| and rhe Bihle he rend uH-;k\-< 
In ihu Ijiiin ; he ,vas so familiar v^iili ilun] hoih thai, wliirii a m^n, his iiictc 
fiiphir, SeiiSiLf, !ius lie never mei n more elo<[utL.r tnniibior of ihebc iwu Ipnoks 
^n the lime tsmo, therefore, for Millciio ;^ up ro Pam, h, .v^s noi. as hi' 
bteo said hj- some wriFo', :in ienor.mt jjc:i^nE, liut a well-[.iii^Ni man vlio \\m\ 
iv:id miicli nnd fiiuvr^led ii-hai he had read, jiiJ knar good Ittoks fiom bad 
IkiB nce-lsof his narrow llfi: alk^oihed him ■« sh-'iIoh^U- jhni rhc seeds of an ihat 
Uv liid in iiisnaiiirc fouijdawjy 10 ilic Hghn iiiih'diflienlnv Jtui his ma^tet- 
pKsion «'..5 won to assert itself, ai.d, as in all ^u,^|i l^isv^ in an unpspccied 
manner, , ' 

Millet'? !inw^8idi;iwiii^ fiad hitTifjttfWtti eonRiitd In sindies made in 
hours siolen from r«L He lud copi.d the exig^vinffs founJ Jn an old famih- 
HiFilc and he had drawn, from hi? window, rhe fl;irdi?n. the ^iiible, rhe lield run. 
mng Jyiv-n lo the tdgc of ilio high Lljif, und with ifie iea in lh,: hoiiion. jud ijc 



^.^ 46r .JTT --T' 



F b 



nad somdlrtici^ Ened Jiifi liiud nl sketeliin^ the ^^^-^ rttid ^l«?ci> ii^ the p^^lurt. 
Uuc lit: ^v'-is []ou' to tnkc i ^tL-|j P]1 odv.mce. Co]tii[iH liansc one cl-iy Ironi cliurchp 
ht walkcJ Ijtrhiiid un fpiJ iiiaii bciu \n i[|i .ipc ,mJ Ii^cUIlmi*.^^^ pLiinfully Tii:ihtTig 
tth w-ar. The forcshoa-ii^iiiiii^^ -md the moV€?mt;riI of tbt^ niiiii's liyurt hiruf^k iht 
bo^" foLx:iEily, hi>l] in a lliLah he Jiscovrrcd [|]4! ^i^urc-c of poi-ijK^ci™ zinil ihc: mi&- 
IdLV of phnt^ lie on quickly Iujitk", ^Oi ti ]>i:ULil .tiul < Ire w from im-inoiv ,} |ii*;|- 
ure of thr: oM aiiann so lii^cly ui its rc:y;nibl.inci^ tlLit lI-5 3ooi] as Iies p^ircrtK siatt" it, 
tlieif rcxnf;iu/ct! e| unJ full a-trnighin^. Talk mUIi his htiy nrvtalcd » the {.Liher 
his Mri"^ stranji di-siac to be nn artist ; hut hofore suth a a^Hous step couUI be 
lakijii. it w^s [lece^sjT-y to jjOn^uU ^vith some ]itrtwii IkiLi^t Able IQ iu1i|^- thi^n any- 
one jn Ihi: McIIl^ liouschold. CKi;ibuutg, ilnj iKMi^chE Ijj^l- dy^^n, w^ttiv n.tnjril 
pifice wliere to sen^k Lulvkc ; ihithtr Milkt :ind his frtthi!i' jviJuircJ, the boy ^rith 
tvo dawlngi uiidur Itis arm thiit lit hiid nis^d^j for rh*: i>ce7tsioiiH and thi-^; iv4.ic 
S4jl]]nnn:ri to the critical eye of Motichtjl^ an old |>u]k| of Dav^d^ ^vho ekak out 
the ficjiJity IWwg hu _cot by pHtiniii]^ by givin^i lu^^on-fl In Llr.iM-jng. \Vlm'ii tlic 
two driiwint^ niaiic \\y yoinig Millui iV'Lire shoxvn hiin he ri:fu3H.d to bi^lifvr iUl^ 
\wrv the work of the IhkI of liftijen. The vtvy subjects cliosci] by tlic boy 
sIioxv^^hJ &3]ncthLii;[r Out of Lhc coniMion. On*: \y^^ =t -^rt. of liome i<lyl : tw^^lii^j** 
htrils wcrti in aliltlc Orch:irtl dose, one plijlngoti the IIuIlh thr 0llii;T li^teninirj 
Eoiiie slii:ep wrrc liro^^siny nuAr- The men Wort the blouse and woo<1l'[1 sliots 
ol Millut'^jjountrv ; ilii; orchawl w.is ont ihat lw;lon^^d to bis tathor. The oiher 
dia^vin^ ahovvcd fi sisirrj' iii^hi^ A man was tomin^^ frotn the hou^ u-llh ImvM 
of brcari ir^ his b.]iid ivhidi lie -aavc to anolbt^r m.in who <'^j!crly fi^cti^TJ ihem, 
Underncith, In Licin. w^vc tlit: woid^ from St Luke: '^TJmtiiiK h<i wfll not jjse 
and jjivc InEi^ hcirau^ Iil* \z \m f^^^-»4l, >"et bta;;uf>L- *?[ I^i-^ mipofiLniiiy hu will 
n^e And pii'e him as miny as he iicfdetl]-'^ A irtcitd of Milkt's, Mho ji^iw ihcstf 
{Irauin]^ thlrtj- ytsins aftcrp said they "Atre thoi work of a tiian who Lilreiidy kni-w 
thi; ^fiJAt rtreniEiiaiiiiJc of flit, tbtr clftHT:|s i{ was capable ofp aiid whnU- ^vere its 
tW01lJ1Jt:5. 

Moi]che! consented 10 rcucivt ^TI]tt.t as a pupil. Init, as it proved, he could 
do little for Mm in tlic way of diixei t^iacliingL IJc lt[i the Iwjy trc^ lo folltiw 
IjLso^vn dcvii:cSs Ht ™d to him : " Do ^i^battiver you wish ; ijlioo-str wh-iicrt^r 
moduL vote find lo mv studio that [iki^es youn anti iittidy in iht.- MiisiLiinir" This 
mipiit iiot be lite course to follow with tVcn^ hoy^ but MdlilIic^I had the artist's 
peiit:tt;itioti ^^x^i knew with whom be bad to d*-^ 

The dcith of Millet's fathci- intcrruptc^l UiS studies and be returned botti<- for 
awhile fo hL^p his aioflier on tlie Uun. But [l was thought hi-^t that Jic should 
k^iep on with the work he lind b^i^iiu. Tin: ^^randmollicr nrged bisRituin : "My 
Ffiinc^oiRi" she said, ■' \ve niu^c nH-'-ipt ih^z will ofGoxL Thy fatbiTH my son, Jt:afl- 
Louis, -^id tlia3 vou w^er*^ to bL^ ft pjhinter; obey him, and ^0 h^ick to Cherbourji/ 

Millet did not n^'cd J?u^^Li.l^]on tioni Ins familyn l-ricndiin Cherbourg urgtd 
him to come b,ick, prOfiils^]d hbn eofnnlissL^3nf^, and ^aiisiri^tl hnn a place in lln; 
studio of Lin^trltji^, 3 |>ainter of a higher gi^de than Mouehel. who had recently 
^t lip his ea^Ll m tilt iQwn. Oiicc more tstsibli^KuJ at Chcfboiir^j Mtllel con 



tlnui^d h\^ ^tutliLs nftcr the sniiKr ensy fsisliiuti wtiK L^iiglu]^ a.s xvith i^i^ fc^micT 
nij^LLN'. LHiaiglois, xvhn was hIs inunjli impr^^f^J hy hizi ptiptr^ ljLl'cii ^^ M^^udicl 
li^il ]>L!cii uncj ^^Hlli[i;^ to E^rvc; liini, inKk* h^ pc^riWivjl nj^pLMl Lo the niivor 3i^d 
*:oLitsclU ii^kiLig fli,ir Millet, t^i> j |?n"ni"nJHLr young nirti^i nii^i one likely lo <fo CTt<lk 
to tlic town, mi^Hic fit n^iisitJ in ii^'sug tu rarii ri> siitdy under iKsiior iJilv:Li]tjj^4 
than liL* irniLiU i:njoy jt hotrn-% 

On tht i5CK-f3i:iJL uf thl^ appt^L ilic tuund] ut^Chi-rbouip ^igr^^utl to \xl\o\\ ^ii^ 
kt an nnnnily of foyr l]Li]tdi'L:d r/^Lhii:^ rr|Li.il icj ciyhty df?llirs. ^Vitli rliis itujlt 
sum, niul tht: -uUlUlmi "f ixvo fiuiiJrod Ir^jits irlvt^ii him ^n |>aninEr fciy hi? tnoiKcr 
4nd gTHndnti:iihc:r, mztkitig oaiu huiiJrcd ,ind tiVL^ny clolbrv m ^ill, MiJiec luft hi^h 
qtiii-r life ill NoriTLLi]tJy liehiniL liiiTi :tnd s^-t LHiti lor P:in^ ^vhcrCn ii^ Wis Wtogr^- 
plitrr. Sti^-^itT. says. Jit w,i5 to piL^s as a cisptive iIil^ richer years of his life, 

Milk-t \\'^^ wv^mv-lwo yi^t> ulrJ whni h^^ ^wnc ltr*-i cu !':iri5 LimI ht rc^maimrd 
rh4^r4^, ^^'lUi occii5J^>N^tl visiis to Gaiiuhy dnd Chnrrt^oLir-^. tor thc^ nL'\t riiiitui^ii 
yflari Paris wa>", [ro]ii the Jjr^i. more than ilhraiH-'Atl lo hini, i!r ^viis thor- 
oughly nnliapp^^ there. Ouistd-^ thti Louvre and ihe studios nt n fesv nrEisi- 
Iriuiid-^, Ik' (ouihI ii4]ilitii^ thnt .ipj?L^t]4?d to witai w^ dtztjrest in him. Mt^ lirsc 
c^ipL^iteckRics iiTit miEisually buier. Tfit stnrj^^lu ^vith |joecrl^' Wni^ lurcl lo hi^ir^ 
biLL ]ht-Tha|>5 a n>orc: s^'riou:^ drau^b^ck w^ his ivaiit ot Jii llItti In an. of a stdk^-tan^ 
ti^ rt^A^aa, ^o ta S]>L:ik, for the proti^z^ic^n bii^ h^J tliost-n. luaJin^ him to ouq 
ruhc irn^^ ftlLcrr :Lnothi:r iii :^^rch of a ^uhjecL UnfoiniL-iL hiad tiuivcpjiniHl^^d in 
his mind \av (he JL^irc tu oxjiru-^ In nirt thL- IKi.- he h.id k-rr behind him in Nor- 
jn.imh" : hut it ^\^fLs lon^ hefovf he atrix^cil :il iht: knc5wlL-dj;c of himself and n( his 
[rUL^ I'OLjtion. lie >ieenis to ha^x- had no one m P:Mh to ^lidt.^ w difi^ct lti]U. 
fitld ht> rLither sLunihltil inio tlic^ stuilif^ of E^'Lirouhe. thjin entered tt dcjIihcrrAceLy. 
lie niiiJc lut a briof slay tlicre, and altlion^^h lie won thr n^spcct of his cnaster, 
^^^lio would willingly \\:\.\'o retained him as pupil ai^J assistnntH h^: wn^ conscious 
that he Jeamed noihing ffom [Xlarochu : und aui-ordingly, in company ^t"ith 
another pLijiil, Marollcs, nlio hail lakcn a ^v^wi likinz: eo Ininn he left the sluclio 
tvitliout miLtih ticrcmcjny ; and the tw(i fjionils tinJJr^^vised u studio :inr! a liji1|iiiig 
for tht'm5clve*> [n a carret in li poo] ^lUrcrcur of tJi<- cityn and hL:*£;in Lheir wiaru'h 
fur n nit^anH of pJi-i-Mn:! tiic public, hnt rhe w^y was not opcnvd lo eflbfr of 
tbem ; ihuy tyuld not :^l\ wliat ihev p^iinn^^l, nml they wrre nduccd Uj ^crlcpu^ 
Sn^ilS: h ii^ft iiat ihe fault of ihi: fiutijif, Marolle-^ wa^ Liii an Indifft-rent 
pE^inier :i( any limt, and Millet ^^ot^ltl noL have Idanied the pulphc [or its indif^ 
ietence to ^ubje^rt^ in wbith In; him>eff took no r«il inirrrst. 

Mi]lt:t u'jiE at a hj^ ^N-hdX u^ <lo jor lirejd. I IW mind ran h^ick eoniinuLjIlv 
to his rural life at GrULrhy. '■ \\'hjt it I -nhouhl piini rfleai mo^vinp i^f winnow* 
ing?" he saiit lo Marollts 1 "iheiT _:. ■■. ■ ".h ]U*5 art pieinre^ue !" "You cQuld 
not sell tbvm/' replieil h\^ friund. " U e]l, tK^n. wlui i\n yi^u ^ly li^ fann^ and 
dryads?" ''W'h'f in P.ins L^artri for fauui :ind dryads?" '' What shall I do^ 
t[ien?"5aid Millet in de5|>air. " Wliat dooi ihi^puhlie like?" '' Jt likes Hou- 
chers C«]»dii, \Vartt.-an's Pastorals, nudiiit^Sn aan^cdotw^ and epj^ic^ of lUc past." 
It Vh'a? harxl for Millctn imt himy;er drmx^ him. LU- ufjulil not appeal tP hi3 



a. 



«« 



- ^ 




arO. AUTISTS AKD AUTIIUKS 

fanilk, [if* ^vas ^i diJFicuIc f&r tlitni hIs for him. Biif hrfort )n^ildihE he woti!<l 
mikt Line ninrt^ tri^tl, p^iiitirt^^^ stimcthin^ Iloia lii:^ t^wii fLinoy, Nu mAde 41 snuilt 
picture n:prt!?<iisiinj^ " Ul^iiry " — -i sad-ftictd vv^omaci clio fishing Llin^c chilJrci^ in 
hc;r ;iriTis* [fc Larric-^r it to tlie dcnJcrs : nor one o( thtm ^voulJ bay it He 
cnmi" l^ck !(► MiifuDc^^. " (iuT mt? et sithj^^ct," liv snitl, "Mm! i wiH f^iiiiL iu" 

To this \\mj^ IkIohk l'^^* pi<:lun«i tor \v\i\tih MUl*.-i h:l^ hctn niiiclk c;riiicist!tl by 
pccipic who 4liil not apiiRxtixti^ lij-tpo-^ition. SoniL^orthtm rt^iiH ^Va[r«iu, cjthers 
B^^utlit-Tk 1>lh tfic^" h^vt: n u^hnmi. 4 frT.-ia^ oE iIilnf ca^vn ^ \h<^y jkri" far from hting 
Cci|3i*.^s of tht^i; nlu-ti. 0(h<ii^ WffL- ftintifLil ^ubj^xl-^ Ui ^vKJch Marallr^ ^^vc 
ninii:v likely 10 nttmrt th*; ncaiii^t rtf pic:iLiTt4n]y42i-i; tii fEtiiiLh ik" li s^Llijtui. Bxii 
all was in Y^li^. Thf rfealcrs wcfc^ ol^^UFiiKt : the puUlic uns^Tnp[hcfic The 
Jn^34^x[ prici? ihbit WhI-^ nflcic^d wiii ]iLh'4:r hIkn^^l twfnly (rnnc^, t^rfi^c Jolhrs, Vi;t 
wi[li tlii^ in lii"^ iioctci, MilV-i flLtisicil hlmsuU alii^.n!^ iin ihc^ hiirh ns^ to fjitt- 
UI1^, ^iilI ^^^' the tiny LiuL dr^binL whun he i^i^ulJ pjLnL nt lli^ ptt-tncER' rhc ieesMc 
ju]>JL-^ts m^^iYi^rios of hi^ homL, iUm hji! .thVdiys hccn in his ntindh 

!5c-^'cT{i1 times iii tItL- L^jLin^' of ihl^ hniiL nchiliijLi.'. MHIl-i hnf] c-^^pc-^l (rotri 
Wn^ for ^h visiE lU 1)1^ ti^vn ^oiiniry. At oiic timi^ hu had tL-mjIiu-d fi?r n v^Mr at 
CiifrlkJurEi u"Pi*^ev 1)4^ |ijiHC4:(l |KjrtrLils for hjuIi sniull sum^ n^ lu^ L-ould y^^t. acid 
htrt lie ^iHl on*: of his ^ilTcis, ^ yoiin^^ gifl of Chrrhont^ fLillin^ iii ItJ^'c wiih ot^e 
fliiothi_-r, were? maratc-cl. Tin: in^iriiLyj: Only iiJili^il, n"^ might. Iinive bt-vn fort?- 
^ecHnto MlllcT-'stniLiljIcS: hi^ wifL-'s Iil-jLcIi u";^^ .iKiMv^ J(^liHj:ite^ jtfUT h^rr rn.irriap? 
it hijoinn: xx'or-^-, Lii]d ^ht- clli-d fdiLr ycAt^ iilicr hi Pnii'is, Xoi Icjiiy nEftr h^T^lcith 
MiLii^l m^irrlccl :h^.iiL^. ^ihI this proved .h fuftunr^iH^ ^^ijnlunr. ilii Nh-ifc came wtlh 
him lo l^iris nind Lhc ■^tnin^lt with lif<i lM.'gjii hIUl-^t. Thi; Mirncm^-j^^hiC in tlic 
\qUk 1K:riOil of M[lf[rL'.-c uiii^crldiiiiLic's jamL ili'^igipL^intmiJnEs with 1ij]iistif came in 
1S49, when ilti: poliiic-.il tnjulile^ of thu limt^ nmd Mn: ^l^Ii <►( ihe clioki^. ton^ 
him^d to flrixx him nml hi? family Irosu P.iris, Tlity (00k u'fiLiFc nit linrlhi/ou. a 
small listinli^t oat thu out^irt^ of ffic [^orf'^t of rtanliiin4^blL\iu, and Iiltj-'. In ilie 
place thLit wa=t lo Iw forcvrr n?^oL:inrcil with Ins name nnd worU^ Afilk-i p-ifon-d, 
willi lew inttmiplions the rtm.nnini; ynirs cjj^ hi^ liffr 

Tlic pliKw ^o ^^Etun Kcard ro-d-tv, ''Tin- H-irfjiz-on .School," i*i ralher iridcr 
thanailria lrllufl^^.■J,ni^7ll wntilri ivajmrn, sinti- Millt-Lniid Kcms^u^u ^t'cn: ihi^ only 
<:Ai^^ of tilt: ^oup ^^'ho )iVL-d in ihr villt^e. I'otQi \i'^-^ not Ququ^tirttt^ with Mll- 
ktn Di,%:;xt^^i^ w:^!j n^-v^r in Mltli']\ U^^ii^ t^xccpt ^s at t^re victor [o his sludia 
Dtj^ iivvil in J^aHsh j.iu|LLi.% thr |Mln[4.r of shL-L-|^ -svti^ ^ frici]il oJ ^lilEeL, nn^L for 
A tiii^L- Fit kijiii livc'd :il l^jthiL^oEi in ilii: hthLtsL^ hvliuru he todgn^d l>4?funr he ptouuruij 
A ht^cniL^ uf lij:^ o^vn. TIil- arti-^tlhT rcLiLionjJii]i LiuLv^riJcn these ttrt^st^t is sl^ht, cx- 
Ct^pt in ih& c^cf fjf kou^seju .itad n>l:iz. and e^vn iIihjjv it is (inly ^iC^sE^fojTi^ly to 
he AciCLifd, All iIh^sc meOn with Duf^r^. f_'ourhn tn and DeineroiSj ^ferc coimtcd 
lifft^tiL-s in urt hy iht^ Al:ad^^]ny anti the oElii;ia! iJriliir-n hitad as Millpt wa"^ lhc 
iiio^L mafkcrd Future m thi" urotsp .in^l w?i\ jjrcratly Lidmncd and tcviM^tfJ hy aII 
who composc<l itn it w:tx firriiap"^ nattir^l that ility ^houid Ir tnii&ideretl hj the 
public ^5 (Li^uipl» o( tlicr jicain.mt ji^aintcr of linrHi^cjtt, 

Here, then, ai Bnrbi/on. iMjllei. livi^d for the temaminK twtnty^seven yfiars of 



b 



JtAN4"IiAyi;OiS MILLET !S71 

hU lir^, dividing his dny huM^L^ii rht- Kilion^ cit his fLicm iii the liiomint^ hcui% 
p.biifciiii^' in liis itLidio in tlit iifti:iin>uLt— lit: ^\\vAy^ pa-rtrrL-J ih*.- iinilMitilit for 
l>.ijiituig— nitd In Ihc evening eiij^yini^ \\\ii sotHny [if hi.^ hviEu jinJ lihilJrtJit :md 
cf Hiuh fricntis ns rfli|^ic Juin the cltrlt- UtL:L^iuii.il ^ Mts to VmIs, to rfie ^fcJ- 
|ent?Si nnd ta the i^LiitLio:^ of I^l"; utLi^iL-^rltHili^, k^jjE ]i\m iu EoiiL^h ^viih Lli^: ;vrpriJ to 
vv'hich lie hcton^c^tt tli< huuks loo, ^vur^^ ht:^ unf^lllis^^ 4:utii|.^j]iioLi:^. ilioti>^]i im 
ncvtr i^^rcd to ^tiuj* fif Ireyond t!ic chtlo ni his yoitlliful rrinjiidshi^^^ lloiJicr^ miA 
Virgil, and i:s|3t'4-]]dly li>e liible, whidi Jn loinktil mjun n-^ ihc book of painter^, 
Ehi; inL^xhnxL'>Libk sioiirciu of Lhi^ noLkii^T umi nio^ LL^LtchiFi^ ^LiJhJLCtSj i^hLphLblc oF 
cxprt^i&n in [he yriicitlirfr fostiis. 

LSul It Wa5 irt l^lt fLit^l liftr -tlxjiit liini. the life in which hi? nttivcly shared, 
chftt Ik founcL the ^^oM ^i^hi^rc-m h^ coul^l i^oiir .^il his LhotL-^^hl.^ r4_clingSj .^ncL i^x^ 
ptrienc^^ ^^^ith t^^e ucnniltHV of seeing: [htJii cmi:i^ in fosms answ^rinf to Jiis 
canc:4;|^uonr It ^'Js not uiwil he t:aini^ ti^ [^Ltrbld^on th.it Uc l^c'g^n truly to Live tht 
Buist-lifc ^^ he ander^nGod k, whcm the \vot\a. h a faichfuL i^flcHjtioi] of the- cnly 
[hing-^ ,1 iTinin rtilLv c.iri"* fo^ — the thinj^ l>u kno^v^ hy hL.irt. hi rhe |uettircs 
p^hit<:d [It Hiirbt^on, .ind in the niuhltuik- of ^li^ht skct^ltL'S tur ^i4L)jei:l:± never 
paintedn \vjth fintf-ht-d doxvini^^ and jvisEck. Millul fl^ls ajm|aostd 41 strksof nioio! 
eciu^^"iK-s ^^'etl ^'onhv of a pljei^ whh those of VTr^^il itnJ TJicocritus, All tho 
wos^IhI knows ciicm 1 all thu ivorld lo^os thi.jn : the '' Moth^^r I't^diiig llcr Chil- 
dren," ''The PeaAirtt Grjftiaig," "The P\t\L Sle]i," 'Ooin^ to VVork/'^^Tlw 
SoN^vr/^ "U'ht Gle-jaiers,'^ "M'ltt.^ SJit:ej}-Salnjafhij^/' '' The Anyclus" — cvci: to nanifl 
tjlean would t-irrv us fir hi^ronJ onr lintiL^L They Jtiade the (jhji; of Millet wfnii: 
he $[i\\ lii't-TJ, :tlthou;^^fi ifie |>tieLi]i3.Lry reiv^rtt of his hibors ^vas not wh?it they d^ 
sensed nor wlLit It would htive heen linid he earlk-r fosind Ins tnic \yiiy ijr Jijd litts 
life i>L'eci pj-olon-iL'd to ih<j normnil liitiif. He died In 1S73 at the ufit of .^i:ct^- 
onen Since his death more thL^n one of his pictures lia>r l^^n ^At\ jit a pnce cx» 
?^ding 3^11 th:t[ here^irned during his whole lirctimc. Seen frotn the ir^^rLd'f^ ^idc^ 
there xvas inuirh in his life that Wl1^ f=ad and discoiEniguig, but itom [he spiritual 
side theie x^iis far Jiiore to elicer and uplift. His privjite life wis hc^n^^r^ble avA 
happy^ his friends %rerc raany and nin<infi the cli&SL.-n ones of iht cimtp and he 
bad the happine^ of -^ccin^^ hiswofk hVJtejJted and rnited nit iuincthing like: its t rut 
\nn\t hi:fore he Left iL 




d^^^^r^^ 



«£ 



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vra 



AllTISli AND AUIHOKS 



MEI-SSONILR* 




A iin.vii ihc rflntty bt^iirifLil pEtiEiimg^ cot- 
J\ Jix:tcc3 in ihL- Mi;tr^po]kj]i Miim:utei of 

ArlofNi:^' \'ort:, iliLTt: js nnr thni ahh'Av^.bt- 

\vlivii (liHj sttictiLl puMii; fintJs [idniEssicjtL Tfiis 
if^ ttic:pii:Eufc^calkcl?Lim]Ylv, '-rricJlMd^ iSo;." 
and R-prcs^nting thu^ldcc-Fii^oE NaprpltiHi ^ilut- 

inR flic cm]Jc:rtiraL lUf (jzicfk of rriirJt.nd- It 
xvas pninttd ^v Jl^h I,ou[s ^ft■iJi^oniur d^r ilnj 
kne A* T, Su-iiTirt, of Kcs): Vork, ^vti^) \y.m[ for 
il ifl'liat sccmt-d n vtrj' iLiryi: sum, $60,000: l?iit 
ii'lat-ji Mr- SrciiMri dic-cl. a]>tl his jikiTirt^ wi^ti.^ 

IrtTgor ^um of $66hOco, shohviny thnf li grtiat 
niELiir jmcrplc rttlmiicd tht: ^voafc, .]|icl mx'ic ^vIIU 
in"! t^^ pill" Li ^njfiil pi'ici] Jor iL Tlic pJcLui'ii 
wa*; tKauifhi hv Juffj^r lliiian oi Ni^w Va^i:, ■ ud ^^:i^ ii^-c^ontr^l by hif\y to tin; 
MtiroiiQlitan Mu^utim os * mtniorNil of die \0}^^ UkmlMnp tJ™ haci c^f^irLd |>^> 
twtxjii ]iim:^1f ati4l Mr. StciiMrL N'o tlouLt |li4^ fjcts of the high prict j^jid for 
thu picture, nnd tlinr n itiEl o( ^ch VliLuu sliouLd he ma<[t^ to elu' ^lusuujii. h^vc 
cau-^d 11 prijsc inanr people to took nt th^ pLunciu^^ wcth ma^^^ r:iU'it'st tlsms tlstrv 
u'mifd, iijirl tht nrciiin^t^incts hccn less xiin:o]iinion. Hut ^^ j-^r^Mi iii,iny moro: peo- 
ple fJTid this lecture intciL^ting fdr it^ o^in sake ; ihuy urjj Tflux%-d nithcr by I he 
^flcd is'^y in wlhich it tells hs atari, ;inr[ find thtir cu^io^tty excited hy i[\o 
sFUdiPUj atcur^y s>jm^n by the arrij^l in rhc pointing of lui'crn' doi^il, 

TliL^ 3nLvnc: oi iliL- ^eLiO[] is a lin^d that has ba^n pL^iitnjd w[i1i [^niin \vhieh n(>w 
lies rntn^pM umlt^r iNl^ ket of men ftnd hoi^^ TKe ttirmnrF-p^fhic in the batJk 
hi-? bt.TJt rcflcht^. acid jri iho joy of Lornijig ikfon-, the iMdy-i^Ltaid of The ein- 
pcror, spurritialhurpclL^ bor^^; ta the htllncL ^I'Kt 1^ ht: sits on his ^vhiLr;chaTj:(T 
^irrouTided hy his mouLitcd n^iT^ s^ilu^c hini ii'ith 1o^d ^n<5 .1^ then' rtish it^^iJlv 
hv iiini. Napofcon^ c.iliti and Bftlf-posstweri, retijrjf^ tlie ^.aluti.-. hut k is pLiin fiis 
dtouifhts 2K busier wkli the h:itt1i^ thiL is m^tng in Lhe distnnce thnti ^hith ihe^ 
4raion=7tn^t|[ji^^ lpE his IxKlj-gtJard's loyalty. This pkittre ivas the favorite wort: 
of the artist ; he i^jll^ it^ " th*^ lite .icul jt>\ of my stu^ticj/ and he \s safd to have 
iVDrkE.'<l on It £tt interval;^ cEucing lific^-]^ ^eaciiL 

Somi^body hj:^?^id tliM - ^siius " mejiis nothhij; bdf "t^kifag palTl^" In thnit 
cttsCfc Mei^^sonicn' inu^t h-ix"e W'tu a m.m of ptniii-i. lor. with wh:^to^^?r ht ptiinted. 



F' 





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i 



U'trc ft smill nr grrnitf Tic t^joTc lnnEiiLM p^iiii^, never conitnt until lie h^d {lutm 
ct'*^n t-hmy iti fij^ im^vtT lo shoN-L^ thin:^^ L^\iL<JtLy m tiauy t^'trc. Tlm\ in lltt: |jli:t- 
Uft: h^'t: linivi^ just bixii ili^^crilnnfL w"l- cnjj Lit iurt ihuc wc kr^ow, frcjin ItiukiEig at 
It. qsactlylia^v N';t|>n|ccin iVj|!i drcs^cil cfo the J:iy ul FrtE;tll:knil, :kiHl ulifu h<iw oa<:h 
ni4jjnLFn' tal Ihis inalit=irv' st,iff ^v;K ilrnSHud ; nut ]t ItutTi^ai^ ncjr a ittrEH3, sjor any 
^111.1 1 Ic&l ilr- [.Ilk hill h.i*h Insert f.iilliflill^^ t;^j|nrjd flOJll tht ihli^^ ilScff, ^h^hil[' i'WW 
Jiu.tJ iti Llie ^;^OLlp as a LrLjstu"ur[]]y |k^ih;ih. U'htca it ww^ tioc jn^^isilik lo p^t Lti4^ 
ilcLiidJ dri:^-i Worn Uy tJu^ pL-rajJt lit w^s paintinj^^^ Mc]^:i03Litrr s|i.irE.^I hq pains nor 
mo\\<:i' m ohtain an exaui cojiyn llotv ji w,is iii ilii: ciisc of tlit '^ Hrictll,inil/' mc 
du no( knovv^ bin. wittn lie |>:nnlcd ihi^ " Miircli to Parii,'' ^fL■i■;so^itT iKirrowi^d 
fioiii the Musouin, in I^ims^ wliizrii cl-UcS of 4l1l ihc kinF^^uf Fr^mot^ jft k^^pt fllae 
J/w.frV ^//.. HV^^a'r-H-AY^w^")^ tlti: rjiiioiis"]i[L]4^ grij fiilins-cMi " ivorn b^ Na^]olt[J^^ ai 
thr iiniule tif Lhi: IVntmJds -ultl tii other eiu^r^^Fvuicntj^ i'ln^ *:cMl, AEc^i^^K^nk-r lirtd 
COfiirti liy ft l^ilur, witfi iht- niiniituiht .tL:ci]r.]i^y,.i]Ul rl uas tliun worrt In- tUc n>(>ck-| 
w^hilc lit \y^ |i;iinliii|; iIk |Ji4:llJn^ Tin- s^ic^ic (Ktjns w<-ro ciliLn with che cuir^^ 
sicrs who an; dashing across lite front uf tlic pitiurc in tl^t " I'riidLuiil" \< wAl 
he^ccrt tin |tx>kin;F|:ioi,tly, anc niotkl survcil for all iht nitn in ihe liuiii rjcik, 
buMVS ibL- smiforrn w^^s l^^e ^ith; ii wds only iitct-^saTr lo ^T^r^ dn -iciltuJ*:. TIil- 
unilurni .Liid :lII iliL- -hccE^ifciraiii^niis x^'urc carefully' ri!pro<li]crd hy ^^orkincea irt»ii 
ofaniiuLLk ul [ii^ limL, liorrn^vcd liy \[t:ts>onier k^r J he ptiT|h-Hsr, sind Tht niodul ^vas 
then inount4:d oji a Joi]k|t.-J ^^'Ortd<.'n ^lc^^ anil inndt: [o ijkc r^lc jititudc rfjqiiireJ ; 
the miction of chc- honic w^s :is turcfnlly ^tutticd troni tint af the living jnini:LL 
iJy rhis time- ihai Muisflonic-r Qinnc to paint this pii:utrt, he was -^ f^nnnts ai] aii- 
i^. anJ hn<[ t^iinH ^nch a ]il3i€]t! jn tiic- world, llint hi: eontd h^vc nim-j^r invthing 
hi: s^sktd lor lo ai^I iiina in hi^ work sSca, whun, wiili the satnc dujiin- h^r ,^L.4.urLicy 
thnt lie Jinid shown in painting rttht-r parts of thtr picuire, lie cam^^ to punL tli^j 
Crnm|]kd p.iw, the Govjiinmi^fit, or *iO \vc urc toldn hou^li: the use of a lidd of 

riiN^ yi-3i ^ I i' lit Mds^oniuf tlic semces of a coinpiny of iJLiit:nwit;ts who 

w'iirii slc (^> J.L^kiiijj alstjLtt in it until they had got it tnEo janfjicr caiuliiinn i 
We [^in ^t cliat the cost of all this -icctinicy u-ould. in tiiL- end, ainoLmc :o n 
ironsidtrjhjc -sgtn^ anil wlnin we reckon ihctime ofati nrti-^E so discineuisliL^l as 
Meissotiii-^, it Is n<?i so jitrrprisinf^ as it n^ay h^ivc appcartd at lirst, tltiii lii^ pice- 
uti_* siiould have far^in^lil so mitch moncVn 

Of couTSf, Mcis^uLt did not cotne at] at nnt:jj to famo antl pfosper5ty. 
The rewards hi: g;iiiii:<J iixrc such as are Eiarnetl only by hnrd ;9nd consij^nt ].ll^[l^^* 
When iiecimc to Riris aljoul tiic year ifl^^^ from Lyons w^lerc he ^vas i>orn, he 
wn^ ahOLLt nineteen ye.ki^ old- His ]jaiunl^ were irt hinnhlt drcnmstimctiSH -nid 
would sttrni to have heen ^hlr to f|o nothi]!-:^ to ndvj^ncc tlic lad, wiio nrrtved ha 
Pari^ willi little money hi hii; p^kc t, and witli nfj frifc]ds nt \h\ml He i^ad, 
htiWL^^tr, il[u- niaterinls out of ^vhieli Ericnds .nid money tin: mude : l^ilth, a tL-n- 
eroLts sfjirit, energy, and a clear ]?urjHj^, an<| with ifieie he wunt to wock^ Wu 
do not liejT muth alHjul his wniy life in i^jris. When lio Itrst appt^n^ in sifthl. 
he is h^-orklnc hi iIil same Studies Kvhh UaulNigny^ the iandscjpL-paintcr, tiit.^ two 
paiinin-^ jjtctures for a dollar the E^^uarL^ y^xi, rch^otlTi pictures probahjy, and 



Sf 



27J ARTISTS A^D Al TFIOkS 

priU>iib/ iiUt* cc\^\i:s, to Ik^ i*:nf irtt^ tJic couiiirv usiJ Inint: itj^ in the iP^rish 

diLudu^a, Aflliou^^h ihss nmv h^vr wrincHi like hjinKhifh ;tL the l][iM.\ jct thei4.* i* 
Lio chmlK It wiih i;-jod |}r^i:iLi_L-. Etjr .imon? -mist-? m^c ji-j: tul^l it i^ an .ii:ce]MC4l 
ikictrtn^^ thcu in ofthrr to p.^fiu oci :i t^Enall ^alt^ n^iilly wvll. ^"nii taiu'il be Libli; to 
yiaittt on .i tiiitirf. .\\n\ il i»i?:lid [lut Mcisst»nicr w^s Jn rhr JmIpIi iifl hii life of 
ruTikiny lU^-^i/H- ^tiwlu^s in nr^k^r c^> L:l.-c(^ hk^^ryk fnim f.ilJinii hitit Ljeiiinv!^ Hoh 
n((er ull. the |KhliUini! (^( ihc^L- Iny ]KcLtiTL"^ Trmy Iiuvt Ihjou i tiw^ful oidcJil lur thi^ 
flrti^t n-lifj foi chL- ncNt sixry y^-ir^ xi^j.s to u-fiji fniiie Ify ]iuiiittnir ssnuH oth?^ 

VV|ti]4.- Jit^ h^M^ tMrniiiy ;i scjtmy li^'irg h" tliis hach-^vork, Me]5.-^filcr fciund 
tinw to jLiinl t%vt> f]ictun-s wliich he ^lu lo iln: S^ilon of iJ^jfi. Oni- of ihpst 
^ittT^ciet! the -^tccntiyn of ii hjIl-vit nrtisc. TonV fohjnnot. u-l>o lntroclti4:eJ hirfl id 
lj*on L"(W"*^S- ^^'ifh whom hi: SLurtJL-d luv a \mv\ Innr friJici ^\ Item] hu !eHirni.-d htit 
lliij4.'- The ri)cc]iiini^Tn oi hH iitr he UaA |prL-it\ ^■. tl| nin?li:ft(l :ilri::iclh , x^ w^ 
shown by tlic Sftltin act^'ptii^ hi^ L^irly )>kLUtL^, nml tlif chitf nJvjnln^e ht 
pjnmcd iron\ \\i^ *:lny in Cupniet^s T^tuiLio ^v^-^ .1 ^^LiliT-ii:<|iimE!tjnix" with tfkc world 
of artist : for tjcj^rcil^-i hh^^ n Fni^'ocfce t^'ikI^']', i^nrl li.id :^ i^^ri-ut okiitv |uif>ils. iioi 
a few Hjf whuin lic^Litfli- diMinffiiikl^u-l jkiuiieni. Hut iai? T^tilt- nf |tftiiiiint; wns ihpL 
oiii: to nttm^jt M4.'iVhunii.T, wl>n wai siinUil injiii^ lu p^iint liku the tHrl Diitult arlirt^ 
TerUtirith Mti^d, Mli^it^ and ollicnjs wfio lj:ne ihc chArm Lhnf rliinrjucturt^ nrc 
fi^n'^fit'rl ^^'itla [lit njosc e;tr|Lii-?f[e inhiLtit-nr?-^ 3i]id vm in\iL4:<l in ^w^h a Lirir^^ wm' 
that, iilter avvhilL-T w'c li^rjicl the niicio^opic \t'o»tlui' oE iIil- pcri'Tlnanct ipnd 
think ojily of the sitilt the rirtist hns shown in ytiiiEiTiii^ cli.mictL^r. Meis^micr 
was thiu^ (irst acti-^t to Ijrini! hnek into bvoi thp^ DictcE] ^-hool oJ pii^nrinr^ ^F Uic 
sc^Tini^einh i^ppituh-. L^ncls XI Vr, wlio ser :Iil h^liian in i^^cavihinE In hr-^ d^j^ 
JiLid set iIti; f.ishiuii of ilLii]ilsirT;f the Dicrcli p:iinter5i and \]\\z i'Lvn^-h pcciplc hnd 
nc-ver unl^itnud ihc Ic^^n. U \ir^}y Moi^onier who bi-oiit^Kl fiii:!: Lhe in-ili:, acicl 
rfni^ht. the [luhJic to lulmfn: Uit^e sTnail |T,tin.'lH- wliert^ inten:^ m lhi.> Nuhject Is for 
tlic most |>.iit lost in iliu e^^^Lii5.itc beamy of the jwiinlhiji mitl where tliL' Dut^t 
painters uE -^iiiTiluj" ^iiUjicc^ jn: '^ucue^f Lilly met (mi ihcir own rjrfninLl ihiul eqiMtlud 

in tvtty t^J^KCl C]ii:t:tH in ihe ehn^irri ot LoifPF. 

There is iin iM ^yin-f : ^' IniM-tunn Js the sinttn-t-sl mCKk- of llftitcn- : *" amd 
Mti^hopu^'i iniTncjdkfltc succt^ with the publit; w.tji the >ien=d l^r 3 hc^'v of uni' 
titors i& tr^' to win ,1 Jiku -iU-:i:i!'4*t lpy like mechf^d-^; j^ijmL^ cf theju: arti^? were 
very cTcr^tr, Imt mi iiniMtoi is Imc jit iniit:tior rtfler :ilJ, urid li\ more apt ro cill 
t^titfltitin la hi-- nujdcl than l<p liini^ l[_ li niu-ai U\i adt^iliTrd ihJt Mei'^^nE^r 
hini^lE lijtis jiLiffervd Wim^vhaL in tht- sanit way: the- evident futl ilial his nTclh- 
ods of paintiny w'crt in^iKfl l\v lUtr -^iiuh nf ilii; [Jiituli mu^ter^ Jms led to his 
heirtH c.illed -in ianiramr, and Iti-^ ptL'tums .tt^- ofn^ti i.'omfj:Lri-d, .irid rtol to ihLrir 
ii<lv:tn[j^e, will] (liostof his OT^JtlcK. Meisscjnier is ho^ve^'er. u^rs Tiim-h niurt 
rliaii Mn icnltmor ; he ^v^s ii>spir«L by tht Dutch psiinieni. I^tit he so^n Eok^rid a 
way of lii-i I'lWn. -^nd lie fi^s |iut h^i min:Ji iif hini^vIE 111(11 fii-i watk, thul tin.- chsEt^^ 
of ]Tni[iilic>rk li>n[; ^mtc^ LeiSt:<l 10 In: ^n^^:l<,^llL .iLfiinnl him. 

^VfnJHj fbu ^t'jjj ^itlII lUil mtieh knoiin tu th^' fniMie, tliu DTikc ot Origins 
hought of him, for six Jitmdred francs, * jiiclurc ijiat today is worth thirty thou- 



i 



sand fratici As is usual iu such riffitin^, tlii" purchau mw mfldt-, not l>v I hi; 6vkc 
In person, but In- an asx^iiL: in iltk lm^\ k was hi^ secrt^tn, M. Acijilmc, wKo 

Imught lilt pjtcurcr (mm Mcis^iit-.^. \\'\^^^ '^-^ an ;tL-knowlLil;;nitiit of the; service 
gn^^ Lhc sccnitarv invnttr-coltic- drawing: Mhichn to^Liv, like ei'trvihin^ ci^rniflp 
Ifom [he l]:tinl of MLit^LjnJtr, wnjuld hfm^ iJn: ovrrnfr n ^uoJ mtind >um if uj- 

Ii^ tSG^. Mi.i^sijiiccr's stjn Cliirl<^ him^flf -i ^cry (f;ooiJ p.iirrtftr, \h^rnc lo n cfis- 
rutri4i-^hill dfL^sLJ ]ikii a Fkmin^ nf eIllz fk^vcntccnth ccutury ^nJ IgokJng is ii Jie 
had -^Lcpjjod out of :i ]>IL-Ltir4^ by Turljurg. TKt: i-yj>tiiinc hiid lh;L-rt made witli ilit 
CTvice^i aciiuracv. :L»tl Moizwonjirr was « jjkM-^d lvh^l fii"! son's :Lppt;irancu [hal 
he niafJe a study iiJid ?old it Toi" t^vo thoLts;ind iiiUics T^vciity vc-jr^^ n^ftor, in 
fS^4. hnariiig thnit it x^^is to he soUhitautJtiojiHikiiJ ck-^irinfiH out of .iir4.c[jvu coi hra 
ton. to havo th-j study hack ag^^jn, lie; askt;J hk Erivnd, M. Purit, ha Imr it (<^ 
hlnin nil whatever cost. A rkh f^in-jijinn M- Si:Lrcr.ii], w^^o had a *:oll4:d-ion of 
pkEHTL^ sinix- hi;cortir TamoLis— it wMs to hfm rli]ii MilkYs "L^Aji^lIus" he- 
!on;;[r^l*-.Lnd wJio hid such an jdmimtion for ilLk^m^ict and hts work that hu 
b-nd pnid no kv5 tJinin four hniukL-d thousand fmncs for h\<i picture " Ll-s Oiiras- 
sEers,'' lii:arins from M. Pecit of Mej^:>onccrs clcsirL- (or thy portrait i^f hh son, 
lhOU;;1it iliL'pktilro for twenty- Live (hoiiwind frames and prc^^jitcrni it to ihc artfst. 
TiSL-iU! itorics nrc CtfliJ only as illu^^initii^n^ of iJiv proxvili o[ Mcissontcrr\ reputa- 
tion and <jf thu incrc^^cti niiniLcr of [iLnpIc ^-ho cL-iiitc lo h^yx an t^x^tniplc: of 
bfs H-ork. The rise crt Vahie uf :t hcn.dE eiketcli of a single ri^nr^., from I500 to 
$5.occi, in nftcen J^atrs, j-inn gre^f^r in j^ropnitlon ilian lia^ liaji|H;i]i;d in iht: tai^c 
ef t3v*ijy oi^c of JTcb^onk-rs |piL:tLlt■i^^^ nlrawinffs^ i^tudit^ and ei\>n hii, slight 
ski^tches. on eomc o( w1iit;h origiiialL' h*.- tfcjuhl li.u'i; plaeud nf> vnlu*; at all 
Vci ei-^ntliisi]^ hi: kft behind htni^ tit:n unc^na^krtd tritk-f. arc (qund t^^ hn o( 
Vllm.^ and the -^Ic o( [he c^nlcnts of his Studio ju^t endicL in pi^rit brought 
neiirU' live hunJrtid llinu-^ind fr.ine^H nhhoLc^rh ihv rolk-cEion izonlaiiiirri noi ^ jin- 
gle linished f5i--turt of iinport^hnnje, but ^vai mnJc up aJmost entirely of unJini^licd 
studiiH and of ^ktrehe^ 

Meiswrticr's industry iva£ constant find LLntijius- ft is told of hini thiic he 
rHir4:h^ had the pencil or the htw^h out of hi-; kinil vh^:ii in ilu- house, and that 
w'hmn he Ciil]t;d at a ri'ien<r^ hou^t^ jtnd WlIS kept ^^^Liiiinp ht iiwd tliL M>:iri^ niin- 
ufM in skek'hJng upon the lir^t ]>W^:^ of puper thut hi; found at iiand. Ontj of 
hta (riend-^, tvlio knev-i* of Lhi-d hahitn coilcctcd in iIil- etjunic: r-f innnv visits he re^ 
Mivi:d (roni the arli^t enough n( these scm|>s to 1111 a MUall album ; iviiiiv it is 
tokl of another of iui^ friends th.tc hi- in^tmeiejl hh servant Eo put beside Meis- 
sooiei's eolTi^e-Lup .dUT dinner a nnnihL-r of Imes of papier of the si,^t of dfiirette- 
paper?: hut of !j<!ttcr i|uaHty on whLh Mi_H^iu[rr in his abst^nt ^nt^v woidd f:iU to 
dnwinR as he i:hatted wjtli Ins uonipruiiumv After dinner (he<e jotting re- 
mained us :i viiluabk niemomJ of hi.^ vl^ic Perhaps if thuy were alL ecjllrcled, 
these stiglit nffaini mitfJH bring- etmu^h at -luction Eo pay for all rhe dinnet^ to 
whieh the [hruiient liost had tiavjted th-: arti^L 

Tlie ^iH-orld of ^uhjeets incLudrJ in Mei^^sordc^r's ^n ^v^a5 a very iiiirruw ciid, and 



^ 



ARTISTS A^a AUTHOKS 

ii-:w not caloiiaicfl to intii«r men ni]d womtn ?n Rtnrnl. TJie ncjirc^t thit he 
c:ki]nr to striking liiu populiir noio wm in hk X^lJ5<^kol1 sulijcxls. and besido ihc 
CKC-^llencc oflh^" [uinMpg, tha^ ploures r*^l|y nuk^: im liIuhI^Ic -Marios of tn^iuticul 
dai:inn<:nt5 bv reti*ii>" fjf tliL-lr ncciir.icy. Tiut tin; RrtfittT nutnbcr of the pii:turcs 
\vha<:h In: lt^f[ lii:riiikd Inin qrc t!iij;f[y intcrrMitn^ frfjin rhc lituuiiiul tvih' tn ^vliich 
iljHi'y ntfHj ptiintt^l ^ ^I't: -iciiL'pi [i^j; ■J^alljt^:t Uyr thu ^ktr cjf [tic wwi. Ttit ivui'lil rc- 
wLiTtlttl liim fnr ^U tins patient Inbor, this c^r^nl^ito ^vorl^in-tnshi]), by nin immense 
foriLinr that enabled hitu (u li%^ in spl^.^nJsht". ^hiJ lu Inl^ Rentroun*^ witiiwn ^linL 
Froni rlit-^ humbU- tcKr^iny^ of hti^ I'Onth ii] thu Kui.- Je^ Ucrounc?^^ iic paswJ, in 
liriL^'. Ill ilu' |Mf.iL-4j iri chc J'lzLiZc M -ilsi]H:rhcjf ^rluN'c he sptNii else Ijiittr luilF of ]n$ 
iiiiij; Jife jii luviiiious surroiici^Linj^^ : piutuu^ and stattst?, rtcli fitmic^jte, ia|>c^[iit3 
and »rni&J' isnd LLirlusiikw of .sri frrtm tverj- l^nicl. lint the vi^tior, .ilier |i:i^iiijj 
[lirough nil this i^pJenJor. eitre ij]»n the sirtlsf in a studirPn ample sind xvlII li^hiud 
indeed, hut furnished ojily for \'iortH xvl^-re, to (lie CnJ of bis life, he pua-iutd JiFs 
indir^Lriods c^]linj> xvtili i^ll the eiit^r^;^ .peuI ziiiLrvr c^r voiitb. M'.' ^iLu^L in iS^i, nnd 
u-.i^ bitrin-sl by tlK ^uviJiimicuL with .tU |]ie liLU^uri ih^ btjittcd on^ of litr most 
jltn^trirju!? cltiz-cnik. 




I 



kOSA IJONIII-XR^ 

^ ^]j(C. of son^clhin^; ovuv lc\\ of slLiRly butl<!, mth ti dart complex- 
/[^(^ iftn, d&^p blue eyes, and slroug le.il^nrs croivncd by a liLii^d of clus- 
^;^i;^ Luriny; iJLirls^ is sitliny: in ihi^ ^t-jndaw of a pbinly funsi^he^l i»onv 
j.^JT'-f-jt^lI^ f^k^H up in nin [iputmcnt'bcHUse in P'-iri';> In a caj^- af hiT side irr a 
-^iL-- '-'^■M'^H^; f'^LlLu^ ivfiicia, ^vtlli its head o]j one side, is pra^'eb- ealli»y oiht riic 
letter^ t]f the aLjhb^Ejct, wbilt the cbild as gravnTly repc::iLs iliLJti, Li]tLi rnpting the 
lesson iivi^ry ncj^v ;inij ihcn by a vij^ii to iIk^ nili^r side of the n^nm, whtrca 
pet Ejmb gretMs it^ i"(Hjna niisnes^ h^ith a friemUv bleaL 

This 15 oin- fir^i ^dimpse flf kosuiJce, knoirn n&iv to alt ifie wortd as Rosa 
Ik^nhenr, tbt^p-iinkr of ''T\k- Hotse 1-air" jnd pF many anolbcrr pii^luRn whieh 
bavo rdJi^cci Inr her ttic diEXinotioi] of ttse bc-^t ^inia1-[iLduter of bi-r iIcuch 

Her fathers famiiy belongr^l to Horduadj^. Rni^in^k^d ISonheur luid MUt up 
ns a y<>uih tu Pjiris tu ^tudy art. :\fttr the u^ua] jpprt:[ilictship to piivntion 
H"bich art exiAt^L"^ frnm ber vr^Mnts, h^ had btcomt- ]iiodei\ttc[^ ^uccesfuln wliea 
tticcandhLioit of U]^ pjrui^t^ no^v cjld imd pr^^Hb-tilT. 1n^JV^M him to return to lior* 



ROSA llONHItUR 



fi77 




dc".^«S rtnil rtci whiiT hr cwitIcI tf^ make Muir lif^ msicr. A^ tht chsm.ts fof a pro- 

Hi:^ ^ktll >(Kjn liroiigliE him |mpii^ , hUnoiig fKcjii -i V"^r^S ^^^y '^^jiei AIig^jii^ hp* 

txi'j^4:]i whom atid Ikt tiiMdic-T ;t muruiil in^ 

[t?rtrst ^prjing up ^vhu.h Ii^ lu tinker ffl-pr- 

ri.iac. Knirii^ucKl Htjiiht-^iir l^rcjuLrht hi^ wi{L^ 

home: tu liis fachn^r's ii*>u^. ^^ Uai' shL^ w,ls 

^^t-korriLtl 35 a Jniughu-r, sind far the hrlcf 

ti-TTTi of tier life :iH w*.^nr v:cll \\'hii tht 

Jiui>I>^ncl c[iria^^| f]y liis fTntwIiij^^-lc^^n^ ihm 

wife su ppk'm*-'!] c L^ I In' Iilt Ussorjs. In n^u^ic ; 

l^ut r]ii^ ti:i|>|>in4:^ !kV.^s nipl ca l.tsL The 

pirii^nt^ of l^^yMiLJi^d Buiiln^Lir iJccmI. .-inJ 

ihtn. iftor ntjt mare ih:tn twth'e jv:irs of 

Tfliirrisy^r. tftc^ wilt- tlici leaving l^i^liiiid her 

four children. Ko^lie, Fr^a^^uk' Au^u-aie^ 

JulL'vl^jdorCfc nnti julft-^te. 

KijMljr h ihf JKSt known gf (h<^!^ ff^ur 
thJdrtn ftl l^itvmocut Ik^^iliL-ur , hm t-jch 

v'ich Ihi^ Jtl of Jnoik-m I'luntL', Fnim^oi^- 
AtiHiMq hffs a ftpuTJitidni is nn sninuil- 

pziEiHer :ihi^o^ L^qti:^! to ThA[ \y{ Kis si^r^-T Ki!>^. A fine |ii:^iiirp p.hiriEL-H hy him, 
■'CjHIIe" ial llii^ I'ort^t of I'^oaitjinrMiMu." xv3*i fliiL^t- ihr ptripiTEy tnf chr Inifc A.T. 
St^wiiri. Ili:^ inL'fil. ^tuurod him ih\: <_'rois of ihu LLglots of I loiior in LS67. 
I k dtL-d in iSSq. 11ie ochfT hrothi^rH Juluii^lslilarEr. h:^ ptiiu^d dLftiiictton :l;^ n 
sculptnr c^r nniiiiHtls ; tno^ of ht? Mvrk 1^ on a ^mnlL -^^Le^^ hut he hni-^ dc^iEni:d 
socnr liir*;c j^ii'ct^ that fleuorutc hh "^l^tfiV chAtc^u nc^ir PonTHiiFirhU^jtu. Jijlklic 
Bonh^^LLf innrrir'il u M. Pcyrol, nncJ J0in[nj; tkcr tamily-nuTnH: lo ht&,i^ known in th4: 
art-world as Mnic. Pt^yrol bonhi^ur_ \i js llius bhr iji^T*? hvr p\<:lMT^$, ]iioMly mTII+ 
hfo: and animal suhject^ ^v'hicli h;x^"c gained for her a gi^cKl pc&itiDn ^untrnp tiit 
miiirn' arli^ti of Fnincc". 

lioiL, till/ ulile'-i of tltc limily. hom in iSj2, was Ten yran; olrf vihtn her 
]noLhi:r ih^id. Not lon^; afKTn Kaynioilil llonheiir iJcciilrJ to Iravr Hotd^^-iiis ^lul 
TO return to Paris, whtrc I he clianci;s for [^roEcssiDnal success wctt licLlitr tliaii in 
n pro^iitcial (m-n, anrf where th*."rc Wcir grvatcr «iiport unities for ih*^ eduf^ntion 
nf lii^vouncr 4:]itldn-n_ Th<: thzLnjjt proiH-d X'crs' [li^t^SE lTu I. Isowc^ein rc^ the Itttle 
03H'-- A4-c;uSLO]Ti<^ to the: 4:t^iTif],trnii'L (reedorti c^f thi^ cox^'ii iti which llity tind 
bL'iin hrout;ht u|j. :ind wht^re their fnaniLy h^L i^cn u ^^v^Z rtvott^d thnil ttieir eimle 
of friiind^ nLud re1iitiv[:s ^ve therm pkymnte^ [^nd L^on>pa]>ifin^ in [>k'nty, tht^ 
f^iniul tlicmselvcs very lonely in Paris, ^^^]iere they were redisctd for a ir^d p^trt 
^;l the tinir: m stieh Jiinust^tficnt as thry tontd lind in tfir narrow (jTurrtr? of tlietr 
rc30Tns on \\u- ^L^th tltn^r «( an a|M^tnU'nt-KaLt'^^ It i-* noc the trusEQtu in Paris 
for the tlnldrL-n, eVLn of thr |}ODr, itj mflke n i^lny^round cjI che screct, Eitid ou- 



T.. 



S13 AJtTlSTS AND AUTUQlii 

Eilllf o^\c^ h^u] no!K?H^' tf> ^h^^ilt olli wkh tlicn^ Tiut nn "Id hcrvnnt who h^J L^dme 
\h'iifi ihi^iij ]"rcM>i lloriit^ti]?^^ ^"ul \^'li^> was ill-lutt-d, Jcjt till la^r i-irruk'^n to LjUc a 
mothrr^ pifltc rfi fhr; iluldrtnr Sh<: was Iiohl^m -iiid faul^EulH l>Ul IJkt ^lI] of litr 

ICsSfuri^ of hcT biiglit-ntlndeJ nhqi^*.-. }k^7^i ^vis iicr h.^^ik'ci.lI torniiznl ; tlwbhck 
^t*^p uT th(= Ijfcioi Hoa^hold [a«l^^ ^Ut^ tlcsi>isH:d, and s\\d^]\\ a^ It utis pur^-urd 
ill Uit i4ii^^;i!Siiv4j scliools t(> whkli liLT ilt'i^jirjug ij1t^ltT s^tii ht^r, hail nt^ 4;liarnu 
fcr Iwr- HtTlxrH jjbyniiiti^ii ^vtLt> atiimuls; rlu^ lnjrsu> ninl tUiyi jilic s:ix^ in die 
Mtttis Acid wliath she TL-HLrii^ly 4ici:o$(cd ; ihi-' ^httji ih.il fftuncl iiscll" rjuutrlv 
tudr^tcl hj:i thif toil llniicn" Hif a niy hous& : ticid iht p^iutil wLiich, us ^vt havu seen, 
MMs 1101 tJiiLy litr plavTfinit-j l^ut htr sctii>o4ni]isCLr. 

Hitrfu^ tsinnj a time whtci the cih.hrp^L: af ^uth a <;lij1j, ^ nv4.TM' lo rtiks :ind so 
ilcWr to sirango ivaj^ of jjjSiin^r ]ier imiu. IticjiHt Ton mHth f^n" the old ?.crvain 
with \wT oMhoiiox views of life, and she ^acE^iiHclcil i^o^^'s Uklhcr lo ]>Lit Iilt cl^l 3^ 
dniy-^iclar with tin, nuns at (J^ioJLIot, ^ sitijII ^ubi]^!^ af Pari-^ llchtv h li.ip|H!]iL4[ 
tiMil ^i]c was alliJWL'd to yo Itacl: jnd fotlh ^dorit, 1itt.wi:Ln hniiii: .nad w:|iq^>1. wc 
do noi kiitJ^v ; but tl is not (t> be wonJL-a^d ut it she were iire^Lbhir in hw honni; 
if, <)nc div, ^c MTt llic nuns A^oinicHn^ wl]y t^hc: diil no[ iip|>cLir M scFiooJ-o|k^ii^ 
injr, .mrj ^^nnihtT <ln.y \yi\t tht old survMnt into a twjtln litH^ausc sIk' did iioi t^omu 
hofiK" hi ji*^^n. The lLi]th wtis =^hL" h^iil found ilmt tJicre t^a"^ sornvthin^ JH^lttrr 
in l^ns th;m ilrttk and sliops and tall lic^LiSHjsi ; ^W li,icf tlisiro^xrcd a wCk^J [hca^v 
a ventuhlc fonrst* with trcxis, and ]^o:^f!a uf wmil-t, and liinl-f. ^mi\ v'Wti Howci^y and 
though Ehis enchanted spot ^vhich ciii:£t:ns Ciilk^^l rhe Ikiii^ flc IS(Mdogi]<j — not 
then a fyrmni pirk as it is tonhiy — was off thij road Co (_'h:iillorH yet it wfi5 not ^ 
fair Tli.it -^-\^ Mi^td ftiar getting lojs in jj^oinp liiirre Or in Cr"Offling l^uck. Xa 
woniftir^ ihrn, if, E>nc<3 [his i^w diftcOi't^rccJ of estrapL- fron> ifiv^mt ^tth^^ol dntics, 
\i w.ls trJt'cJfc:<[ so oftf^ hy Ko^lic, and that her .-^laocjl u<?]k I^L-cjiant.- jai consc^ 
([ULiitc Mj Lin^ti^f^ictor)^ that at ]i:n/^fi tfie p.acirnt nLi]>'i rt."nion?ntT^trLL Thtv 
ad^'isfd Roth's f-irht-Tn -^intc; sli4: nc;ill]L.T ^routd nor tould U^rn -in^ihing Emm 
book-s tJui it wcJidcJ l3e IJt^tttT to put her |o some n^k.-fnl Inidi^ hy i^jiicli she 
ni[ght cam her living; and the yood sistojs sitgj^.^ted — dn-^^iniakin;; ! The 
ffiJidojn of [heac Ijdlt-?, ^^IrO tt^iild not sl^c that ihey wciv dulling xvith the k*it 
wortinn in tfie woald iq wJiom ilp-svmnhiitg conhl be in[ei\.stin^. was maieht-d hy 
that of tlicr fjihe^ u-Jio showi.^l hims^jlf so hlind lo the cli.iracLLr of Ids danjj^lner 
thai hi-" rt^oh'cd to act at Oaice npon the advice of the nuns ; and without con- 
ndliftg^ lljc wi^M of |K^or Kc»iUiLiir hi: sigiprtntked her stnnj^htway Lo ^ l^]-i-itAn 
dressniykor Tlic douile i>UI £Jlh^^h■^■d the yoke to W *>li|>pcd tnVLt hn-r he^d with- 
oi3t toni|>iaintH hut Ulc conln1cm^:nt wor< upon hur hcjlth and spirits, and alter a 
rfiqtt trial she c>|M:rinK-nt had to be abandoncil. [kr father yielded lo her en- 
treaties anct rook Iut honiti 

Tlie girl wx^ lon^i in eoinhi;;; to a l:nrn.vl€;dj;c of herself. Although ihc wns 
10 be, in time^ ^ Umoub uni&[, (he fji-niliar Va^-nd of the hiosrapher? is ^^anting 
in her cast : we twtd ncjtliing alwut ^tibhicd lioak^ or w^ill^ di;faccd b%' childi3>h 
skcithf5, nor docs ^h^ appe^ir to havu handled a [Jtrteil or a hrujih until she WM 




nosA fio^Hfuft 



n gjrl wi'll jiiflwn. Her rjiilicT'iL menn* wx-r.: jiM PiuHidcnc ti. pvc i^iiw or hi? 

pihtr L-liildi,:]! jik L-duuLHi(tfi *ij,:li a? liu could «-is|] ; Lmi .[|] L^ijcilicni ^luy^tstcd 
icic]( ilk JiL:i jK;rplc>:ity over iliis fitu^i c:<|KTiiii.;iii [n |)ruvidinn fur Im tlJp&c 
dmghtcr: liu [iroiPuSLd t.t iht piini;i|^j| oEayoiiEby |,iJies' ^lIiuuI where li<! niHyht 
dtavviiiir. ilf.lL hi^ -..T^icK shoi]lJ bL- nu-ccj-tid in |jjj'inc!rn uE ktKa'i wiiii:iiLJyrL 
Thf;DJToi ^^'j-,iL.L|jiL'J. :inJ in th,^ [u^juhr uuur'iL- yf ^rutly Kqsj hcaime 4 mem- 
ber of tier i;»lici'5 dniiriiii!-vJ.iw. I[ w.15 noi lui,^ ifL-Eoi^ ^hc surpp^sud all h^r 
v:h(»l-f^llDU':^ jii rl.ii Ji-pjtriiju-iii, md finrnd huE^lf for ilii: limi ifmc in hn EiEu 
in [lOih-affiiun nf iJie key [o i\iiii lupsthur-.^ i\-|iic:Fi Lunsiij? in UiiOk\-iiie \'iiM vv-? 
Qiii do, aad fi^nliiiy riic scivnt-lti wiLliiii U-. ici i3u Jl. Soiru of ihc liio;.] ,i;>h<;r5 of 
KoM'i life *;pcak of unliapjiy d.iya Jt Lh[s scIiimjI : eIh: lich^r niil-^ jTi:nic ajwrf 
of [ht drc^ii of ihf Jr:n^iii^-rnGin.'r"s Jaughici, and of hir [iidcivml^ni, awkward 
"■ays. Hue iift^rro^v iri iliviiviii^, luo, iim-i coiiiJerb^tanctrl hy Jmrslcuviics.'^ \n Ikt 
oihti siiidics; In ha her ihjm- ^icconiplj^hmciic va-^ suth ll di^li^lu to 1ili, iJ>it 
hi h<:r dc\'oiLo:i la \i siic fuCiiinc Ela^ ;ind Iza init:iv!>[t!d in lny booki; niid as 
for drcs— Jh:i[ ii ^.huiilil he cIli.iii and stiitL-d lK>ih ;o [na niii^ns nud to [he 
work ^t w^L'^ duin^, wa^nll [li:» vOncrncd he/. [Ji^Ji orEihicc! 

AtTfic und of (it[ iliiE j-cir in «;liJ^ol, Roti olk[aiin:d Iht f.iihrr's pcrrufsiion 
to ^ive up liur oEhf^r i^udit-s iind i<> L-iH^f his ^ludl'] ^^i pTiplI M<d :i'v';ii.rant. rrim 
thuciiini;, ihough Jis jci slic hnj cioi found ih^^ rc.iwon of licr n.c:nion, v^-i hi^] 
Inic li(c had iHi^un, She worii^^d dilij^cnily undiv []k diitrEiDta qE a in.oJcr ■^ht 
U,vc.l. nnd ]iuT f.LClii^r, in 3ii:i mm, dLllyfurd' ni ili,: di^ovcn- of :i (:i|[;nt m loim 
hid. redoubled lii:^ ciTuJis to advance hf.^ |mpil and 10 jniit^^'iip foe lo^r lime, 

Uow \vorliH:d foi iiiii(; nioLiih? :i[ <;Opying in ihc LonvTi', Imi rhoif^h i.hc 
worlicd wiLl] -ulIi diligtuce and -ikill qs [0 ma cl^ j^niisi. of ihi.- diri^ccGr ^hc 
came, ^fi^T n (inio, to f^-,:] ihnt the mvrc i:opyint' of ihe woili^of orhi^rmen. 
JiDViivcr preai, ..ms hoi ih^ j;ojl ihc ivjs BLru'lny jf[i;r; r,o ont d.,v s^^c (ouk a 
sudden dcicimiiiaiioLj, U-fi the Louvre, f.acked up liut p:unifii^' nuTcjiils, and 
starti^d off for on4: of ihu mr^l 5ui]urb« of Pons ^vIumi^ ^he sal iiucsclf do^vn co 
skeicli fiQiii naiurc Hur lu^'c of aniinMis, hitln-Tto .iii almhriS plmsncL'. now look 
on n ]iew' plij.se b^ nhe mh- her Fxloicd ^iis ar^d sheep iiL ilieri phici: in luiure 
giving life and Hinimaiioii [n lEie landscikpt-, 

Ju ilic i^'lmer iic.isoii, \\-lnii work ojit-L>f-j|oors v-as no longer picn^jmr or prof 
kafjle, Roij m:ide ^hai ui-z ^he could of the fe^v D]»poniniiiii:s Paii^ had lo oITlt 
lor the SEudy of animafs. SFic spent Hii:i[ lime sluj could (pare from vork al l[iy 
horse-maskel ; she vi^iled |he 5l^i[!"hLL'r-liou:,c5, and ilie ^nhurhaii fairs «'herc 
«i[ilc and lior.'^ii, siiecfk and p'tf-s conipeie for prices, and in ihe^- pinces 5iii: (iJled 
her potifolio'i vfili sliJjJches, 

in jS.io iilicft-ni her fiisl pielitrc lo ihe Snion, and a^ it v.-.,^ accepled jnd 
ivell rett:i%'ed, she e,-ii[jnucd Lo s^ nd hrr ivork c^ervycar; bgt, up lo [^49, her 
piciutL^ ivtrc small, nnd had Ikile mote iiitcrtij than Inlon^? 10 simple sriidi« 
from naiure; 1849 w^ a memurjljle year lo her, an ii was lo Frjnct In this 
year her fjiher ditd of cholera, jii^i! as he had bcv>\ jppnimod dir^-eior of the 
School o( Ueiign for Voujig (Jlrls. Hu^ivisappoiiued to Mji:L;eed liimiviih the 






ALai^>3> AND ArTIIOUS 

tille of Hononiij- Direcircss Jintl Iht sisu-r JidLlEt ^vas inadr a icnchtr in tlu^ 
schiMjI. In the sanir vrjt ^hi^ cshjliiud ttit: |iitlurir tlul mav be s.inl io 1^%-*: 
nmile hur rcpul^iMoii ^\\h i\w srtisv> ^i^tl ticiiitcui^ \\& \vc]\ ^s ivjth tin: ptcitr^l 

pulilk. Thsi ^V3ti hi-r "QKai uf CantflL'i* )»ciurc thM l:ol"^5 d ivhli mo liillir 

fctftint: ioT L:[iiJ^.i[Jt llu^ fihi^e ^il]ill^L^^k pniiUin;^ o( caltlt in Ttpo?^- Its hlph 
qhifilhtr' w^rt^ TmnK'^ti;iU'ty r(^Muni-=t.-d_ lloiiiuo \\'inul, in tht- nnitif aE Miu 
^roviniwci.Ll il(>i"uri]mcn(, iin ^L-nit-J ht?r with a htinils^smt; vcuic of ^sc^vrus pi>n.'c- 
lairt, onil llkC!i;olc1 nictlal for pjticme. In t&y, the iurv jit:lrCLcd for c±.vhiMLi£>P^ 
a( ihc \Vifct'lil\ l"^Ji in LolhIoci .moLher iHtlurf h\ Wfj^^i^ " PlmiTrfnnr^ m ^\nj 
Nj^^^miis" ivhioh nintlc ih*.- LirtiM.'s Jkumt^ knoivn u^ iLn^Liiitl, whc-ri- iln- Li.Lciinul 
Inv^ ch[ ritiitmil^ FLituTuJ lor her no cud of prJi^ =Lnd oE SLLUT;inLiHil r^^w^rd. In 
iSjb kuhj |Kiinl4:d Ittf m<j4E popular pctrturc, "Tht 1lijr*.T I'liii/' now in the? 
Mi^LrtipoliMii Mii!:H.ntm. This paining \\\'ul fratfl l^tai^ m f-omiunn wheT^: it iv^ie* 
hnLi-£ht fof rinun i"j,5n<s, and i-TL-.truJ '^I'h nn inci-'fLJii ita L^K^ ,\\^\^^\ |ii^r=tHnHitityas 
ivoiihl h.tv^; tnrni^tl llii: hfjd ut Jiiy (jrdjniu/ ^^uti^un ; bul Kjjs^i Uonhcur^ whole 
liliu^ pi"ijves htr no ordinary woninn. 

Kor muny yftin^ Mlhv Uonlirur Imfl in P:ijls in rt hou^ siirioinidcxE l>^ a 
hkrgf g;irtk"n %vln.-ru- lihi.- kqiE .t nnmhc-T uf ^inimuk. |>nrrlv En]- Mu- pliMMin^ lj( ih4:lr 
nntpHiniar^hi|j, [>:rrtly for the upiMmiiniu ii li^ivt hiM ol sUiJunQ ihc trha^jis. and 
lifiinKlht-m flS ninfL-k She nnw Ti^^ltlc-^ In iLu s luctan li^, nnir rnnUniL-lik-jUt 
V, Ilcr: ilit Iciiilii [hi: same indiMn^ms lif*.* hi htr adv,mi:niii ytvii^ lh:it -^hc did in 
thir iKGlnntnjr oi Unr i^krcer. Sht ri'^^ cotIvh nnd ^v€^fk^ ut htr |jjitiihiL^ ,dl -lu, 
jud ofu-n -^pond^ tho o^'t-ninu ii] dniwinj: for sh-j iHiViErJ^ but lUll*^ iniiM't'St m \\]\,tL 
is talljjd siNLiciVn land cju? ^^nly for ilsi- conii:nnionsl>i]N c>E h*.T Iniifniiic Irttnds, 
whkli sht Clin i^njoy without di?ijrrj]iu:iriL[ Iilt lifi;, t^r ni^jilt^L'tlnH tht- studies slw 
loves: Shu drt!S5J:5 with gi^^t ^impliL:ily M nil tini*.-^, 4iDd e^'tn ^i^hcn ilie itcecjits 
in^ilmron^. mnkt^ nc> coiiCL"h-^ions Lo rlu" c^ipm^"^ of lasliloah In Iilt ^Lhdnit- 
tUivSfc w3icai ^'ishirhu t|iL- :>]k^iloIi'>. innrhct^ aiiil fnir^. slu.^ sic^-custun^Ld htrrMlt to 
VL-ar- siieh Ji niodifit:^liun o( main's drc^ tis would |PL-nnil lif?r to mo^-c abpttl 
fiinrnn^ rukij;h men svichoui i]otii|>ranirstn^ In^r sc:,^_ limn Iwj^jdf th^t 1h:t diirnity 
iT'Js nlu'nvsi i^ifr ii^ her ow^n UHrcpin)!, shr ht-'^rs leytiinony [n ifn-^ocid m.iciitcr^ 
.flUil the GOfnC disposjttcms of (lif rrien sht: tJmc in 4:ontact MilJin Rosa Hmilu-tir 
hqs ahvni'S br^en :m honor to MX ;mu! an hoitor to her ^-s. At *^t^vonty-twn -^ht; 
find? hCrstlf tn the trnjoymcnt of tn^Tiy thinj^s tlul e^^ ttj in:il;i; ]i hjp]>y lU^-. She 
bisti wdleiiini:d f^ime ^s an artm; nn almndjnl (onune ^'u^vd hy her ^>\i n m- 
dui^im' and iistd as htinombU' a* it h-A^ lei^n coined ; aaid she hits [™o]3> of 'Kieiufcs 
(En^tvn io her by htT i^liij w^^nU of eh.jrLU'ii-jr 

Of th-j fiRNit niLmbiT Lil |jteturL-i= l^h-j Hthnlii^ur ku pncntcd, by fnr the mds£ 
UTt of fiubicj:ts Eonnd in l^r.ttiec, but a frw of the bt^i wthtu painti^d hi Seoiliiiid, 
She has received manv iKdiliL- honoi^ in medjils jind dd-onnioti^ En 1S5&, aOcr 
tiainLni!^ t\w " I lor»i: ['sLir," the [-rnum'^^ F-i!j;t^[(fi^ ij^ited her at ]>er sJ^tdio pnd 
Ift^siowi'd npon htr tin.- Crass nf ihn- [-L-^:t(hn ol Honor, Eastdning the dtcOfiiTion 
to llic amst'5 drta^ with her oy^n hands. U'hen iht iiiva<lintr army of Prti™:* 
rcaehcd l^-ini the CroM'n E^Htik ^J^e ^»tder& that the sin^lio nE !<1:^sIs llrjnhenr 



GEJIOJTE 



SH 



norifi. y:i '^liu LholJs mil mtifi' itcJi iI>l' ail m wIielIi "Ili^ hwc^. nul vnly tficsi^ 
tut oJI iliiu Um vfiii6c her lift' n irra^urj' of liiijp|*}' ri;mi!iiil»E.incui- 




cii'-T^-T^ 



^ 




V 



"N the Pdrh iinkin of 1S47, a sn^Eill picjgrt ^^ppt^ir^ti, 
ri^pif*ic^tifing 1 Cjn*tL hm Jiit| girl ^tlrriEag up two 
Knnit'-HjtKjk*- lo ItghL Af^lmu!z^l It ^ti-; [lir uvfrk ^hJ z^n 
uiikiiuwjL ]>iinU.'FH jtnil ti.iJ ca i:Lhi3Li^rkl m'iiIi .hii ULiusLtjLly 
brillbnc Hisplniv of |KCLtiu'% mnny nf [!ii^iii hy men nU 
rci'ly rainciuSn yet ft sMcutirty dh[li'iu.[i.-cl thi: gc^ticrstl pub^ 
lie, pnrlly by ific ntiVJjlty (jf thi: fiubjt\:l; :md |winK' Ity 
tht' LMfC-tuL Lind fE1ti<il]^d IIIJIHILT <)J~ l]ic p.itiiti Li^^. It Je^ 
lighrcJ rJic njntk^ ^s ivi.'1l. ^incl oiic of iUir most <listiti- 
ptJLshccI 0/ them, Th^^uphlLe Gjiitii^j', ^vrote ^ "A tiL-u^ 
Lrrech is born u* u^h ^^^^I ^^^ iiiinii] k Gf r^iiit ! " 

Thl? pi4^tiitt.\ whtch w^ 10 prtPVe ttit lirsi li'-tf ]ti :t ImcrcT-Cr^vNii cobftaWLfdtid 
the pftii^ti^r in I1K lifeiimii^ diiwl [luc^ as i^ so oiii^n iliij C3£>c^^ l^' the Tiinly hand of 
Ijtjirh. ^^"is tliir work of Ji.\tii^L^]i G^fc^lni^ ii yotinii iniin of [wt^iily'tfiree. He 
hitcl hci^n for SIX years [indnjf tlie teaching of I^aul nilnjvxrlie, pnirt cpf the lime in 
UnK\ Imi iiio^ of it in Psirk lie Wnii }^^rni j[ ^^4:sollL \^ s^y\\^\], Jitll to^^ii in tho 
]jL-[^<inmoiir f^f EinciiC'&iOtieH in ]K;4. His fnitlier ^\~:is hI r^ulJ^mithp who, like 
iiiOii TrLitLli flit tiers iti his rimk {if lifL', ItJtL ho|iL-iJ eu lutiij; itj» his son ri^^L:eee<l 
hb]i in lii^ bu^nt^^ Th^ boy tliif f^f a tirie^ we tk^lieven Wfnrk in hj:> fattier^s 
shop. ]jut Ik fi^nL ^l iftrOiii^T natLi]';hl bent for [Kiintintr: T^omtLhiE^c: r^^^^'^^]''^ ^ti 
ilic occiipiiiion (cjj^LcrcHip fsr t-veii creiiciL this inisle— lOr no( ^ few (liMiiiirLiii-litNl 
|>^iiiuers hav^e bctn fipprentkecl Lo thir ^^old^jiiitliji iKicle — nilJ his Itither, likj." u 
ivhst rnann iiiKTeLicI cf cpi^^'nc his son'^ wi^lie^ ili^l whnt Iil- c^Lild.to furtiaCf 
th^m. iK' h^^Light him p.iintmQ-Eiint^rijLs ; luhI inbtc:i<l of ^ndin^ htm to a 
'^KlitHs! faf jLt'^iL^n." di putting hin^ under rli*: tutv^iriacipf ianUL- thirJ^riiie^Eniwiiig- 
mnsCtT, *iUL:h .^^ lir cumrjiniib (ounri in crjun[iy tfiwn^ hL" liou^riit hii^i a jjiclurc lir 
D£:j;amji^ 4in milbc ^Iiilc ln-Lomcr f^iniLMi^r, Ijul tUcn jusL in [iie Ja^vn of his fnmen 
nnd put it btforo his son as a nH^^lt-l. \'nun!; (lE^rc^nitr m:tde ;i eopy of this pkt- 
urcp afttl ufk artist from Paris, i-^bci Ii:ipp4-Eat-J to 1^ pii^nj^ thniUf:h Vi:*mul, saw 

"" L~iif>Tiit1ir, iKj Pi^ ^^liTiPir Pt«c 



r; 



^■inT- 



'^.-:- 



283 ARTtSTS AtiV AUTMOkS 

Hi^^ing him to j*t> ti:f i'iiri*i EiniL l-h^n: H> liiknj Up I lit: stu£[y oJ art .i* a^iinpft^xtaii. 
Al scivj^nLCdn I'mt^ *j[ :lH^-■. w'iili liii fnrinj'^ gon^-L^nt and Jfjsso in hi^ ]njL'ki?lp 

t:i^i\"(^(l ljy hiiiip smd entered die ^tiLi^xJ of Tine Arts ^ttoit lies llir^yus'^^ns) ns 
his pupil. 

EvIF, tijL ivl^lch ^v.LS 10 hnvc an ii]|j?oj'L:L»^ iLilliiri-'UL-c iL|Hjii lih^ lilt^ nnil ^Ia^ n ni^^v 
dtrvL^tit^ai h> lii^ fiilciiL 

frL^tliirnt ihcin urt lizft ^ireHy much to tJw]nsL-lv*;s. wiiU urt oik 10 fiOVtm ilipm 
or 10 o^cF^st'c Lh^m. Tiie artL>>t iJi^" am sttcdyiit^- iaciiLlt m:LLt;^\ ^t tbc mc^t n 
hrit'f dzEilr ^'i-^i^ go]i]f^ itie rocind \.>f lliu fLiM^ls, sqyiiij^ .l woid ^v hva [o t'.itli |m- 
])e1. qlLth4>Lj|^h k DrL(fi3 Liappcns Lli4ii lic ^tys iiotlii]!^, Litid ihcTti ilc-p^rLs (ur hi^ prop- 
er irtjjk. Itavlj^i; Ilk [pupils lu tJitir own ilcvic^. Tltc ,^udi^nt^ sit for ifit- most 
pirt like voting mcji tri^cry^vhcu-. a tLirhulcnt ^1, full ^lf Aciinijl --^[^irits, i^Hiich 
^ant^Limtr^ i:\!Ltry lilt- ni In'yuntF 14-ll^on;^i1lc hocjuJ^. Ii \\.\\- .1 ]H^isic:fot]^ i>nil?rtMk 
of lIiI"^ suri. Lut liir ivilil4;r th[ii] rumniuih, tIkiT CH:i;LMral in Lho ^LLidi^nof LX-lHii'oulit-. 
^^^\ ivhich lir^tu^'lu ^t^ont thir crisis ii] (ii^cHih-jn.'^ IITc to ^vhitili vcc h:i^'c i^MiLdifd. 
i-c>L|un:k[L-h' for hliTifc the incLdcut Took [placi- \v\i\W OvvAmv was on a visit tc \\k 
p^r^nL"- nt W-j4oiiIh so Lh^^i Itc ^^ds in no ^i^y linpik'^EH in iIh" :il?»ir. lie ramc 
luiLk tLH lind [In: ^tui^io ^Jk5^^l ; DcljrtKlii:, tl^'t'[?ly cIlsfurlH-rl, ]i.ic] disnlts^wd all 
bi^ pLcjpils htnil:ti]n<»[inc-i:<l hh 'mWfi^'um tcj i^^il Ifalv. I U^ ^tiEdio%ia^ to br r.^kon 
durniL^' lii-^aliioiH^cT, liy f Jlcyn:, and he ndvls^d rlio^" of \ih pupils in whnm he took 
a jPtTHoca.il ilUL■rL'^t^ to *:onlLn»t lliuir i^tuiliv^ uuiIlt hi^ suvLi"^HtPr. <ii^rimc Wa* 

osit of lliO*.u [u whotU lit: gai'C this aiJiat^T hlit <"iOrn]rtr ivias Um rfmt;h nlljichcJ 

to liiii m.i5lH_^3 [o ic'Avc htm for anothtTk Jii^l lilmiify ^nanuimc^^t h\^ pLirpoS*: vt ic*l- 
]tpiij[iy JifiTt iu IJomii. .\ Tliv of rht othiT pnpili^ cpI I'X-hrotliL' ucrt t^f ^lic sjtuc 
mifld. and thty iitl ^et ^piit tor Iciily ui^iIil-t. Arfivtd in Uohjl^ tliVdmL-, ulii":jys 
a h^rd workvt", ihruw liim^lf t:nL'it;<-iu-.ilK intn his ^tudli:^ ; diawtnj; LJiu aiat'luiit 
buJldinj^. lliLT CapPtol, the Colcpri^upn | skt-idiini; in the I'oiuni and cm Tfie Cum- 
p;i^a: gopyiuK Lh^- pirEurt-^ and rht MatsK-n, siiur.niiiL^' \u^ rund u} iliL-sjhlah of 
aiUi^juir itrl, and schouJiug hiT> hand in iE^ Suu^\k, until 1>l^ tisid laiil up n rich -^ore 
of iiiiiu^niil for u?c in fsiiLEn: pi<:iurc^ (In Iies rclum to Paris liu worked for a 
whilt in GkiTc^:? slunljo, htit ^ihc^n DcLiniLUL' ^miul^ kick fiom Italy, Gi^rojnc 
ag^tn joined him m^d rtnc^vcj hL^oht rcrlatimi .l^ pupii and ai>>i^tani— ^vorking, 
ATnoil^ Other ta^ts on iKc p:iinl]n;r nf " ('hnrkntajiaiL^ Cirtzftiiij;; the A}p^" a t-tsni- 
missiorp isli^t^n icp Hei^iFiK^lie ^3V the (jo^eniincin, tor tlic Gft^nt/r Gai^ne {/es Jf^ 
/ffi//f.i tiE \'er^HU^^^ it v.l^ Jijjriitttiit: lined with idccure? of all the ^iet^rSes of 
ihc l^ti^ich ffnn) r^EpL^^Pth^ tip S^^lfeiino. 

Suirh AVtprlt a:^ thtSn hi^we^ein hnhd liuh^ intercsT for G^r^me, Hi^ nlnnl :H Eliis 
Lime wns full of tliu Greek*: qnul J?oman=^ ; his enthusiasm for N'apokon, which 
bxw was ro gwc hinh 10 so mapiy ptLfuriis, lud not yci dv^iikeEped : [ior Jut he 



GEROME '^^ 

cait for rhc subTtcis from the- lii-^^^nk-s of Ftjiluc annJ Ei^cl^ii^d In Tlit -n^iiti^nih 
;inU stvcntci^nih LL-rLtiiricis tlmt ^s.LJ |i]"o^'iJed Ins jh.im^t^ DtHnrochc, witis ^j ni-Lii} 
tragic chcm&ftirhispciiuil: 'The Dt.Mi.h of ilm UllIhi of fWiJii^tV^ThE; CliiUrizn 
of l^iiu'jHt,'^ tti*^ " Ui^iirh of pUL-un EliznlM^th/' " Tliu KM.'H;utiuLi pf I^dy Jii[i*.^ 
Gn:j\'' ■■ C;roin^Vtll at the Ut^fiiii of Chi^rlta L/' .uid others of tlic^ Siinit ^urain 

f;i]i'(j]tsc's visit to hilly lisid [i^\\Ltitntrd [n him a ^iroLiy inturt.^ h\ iW llu" of 
ihc ^iiticue wchrldp an<l this ^vuuld iiiiLuLjIly lie sLrcni^^LiiciicU liy jiII tlisil itt.^ wuuld 
bi;ar :iEid ^iiii oi the gfOU'lng ititcrurii ff ihu ]>uIpIjc in Lhc mth*^ pubjt:c.l : an liiii-i'- 
til kii^dlciJ by lilt Ji-HLJoxurics cfc( arcliwolojrisis in classic soil; jri GrtitCij .liiJ 
Iialyj Lft A-^sviia anJ l^n^ypi^ TJicsc di&coF^L^rJts h^t! tilled Cht mu-^-urtis =iiid th*.^ 
c.^liincis OS ]invatc collcclcrt-s wttK hLnutirnl and initrwiiirtg fni^rttcnis illu^tr.iiicig 
iliL* tixccjijiiil life of the pisi^a]id illiiniin^iting \x^ [jCw^iry'; ;tnd it ii no ^voiidc^r tliirt. 
^me o1 the i^ounper artisis rcjoLoec] in the new ^vocM of ftfict^oLi^ :Niii story that 
DpL^ned io richly hdom thcan. 

lluWLVtr it crisaiciaUDiLt— whether hisoivn imciv?c hi ihc muiqut; lifccominu- 
ni[:aLed iti>clf to his fi^llows^ or wiiethi^i thcrn all [ugi-Lher, ^iiiijjjv iharud in the iu- 
tftre^ taken in Ihta subjacc by tlni ^rorld about then^—Gcriinu: and some of his 
<:Dmihaiiion& in Dcl-ivochc's seuJio sho^ved siiuh fv preUilL^^ticj]! for cLi^sic themtiS, 
tliiii Lhtv Were nlckn^iniL^d by the critie_s ^' Tht New Gr4^t.-k>." AintjitgG^-riJnK''i 
fdloxv-pupilh ^t'cre two yonng niuiif ll[imaii nn^l Auhcn, who Ltler gfliiie^l ]io 
snlall npplai]^ h\' ihtir pLiyfuL and familinir ^r;i;\ ol fruniML^i; dai:*ic iLcnies, They 
Ar&^^*tU krao^vn lou-s by etipjinit'Li]^ from their pivlLinv^, w^hith atl^ in all our&ho)T?. 
llanion's " Mi^ Sifter i^ not at hoinL: " and AuJ^rt'^ variotii [rrt^Liy EnnuHi^ of 
nvmrjU> ''^nd cuptd^ winlii fhey iirt not giKlt ^'Orl^s uf urt, aso nj-.uonaljly wre gf 
a ]\.}n^ liu^ dice ed their iniiueunt fre^iiii^^ and ^icri|hlitt[y. 

DtbtOflm's pupils were ^^oikliiR all to^^elher in fn*^ndly compctttion for the 
grnind l^oiiiLin fjri^c whkb was to ^nve the fuJiunLUi^ oni] ihL^ rijilit lo four ycus' 
iliidv in komc .it the cKfst.-n^ie oE tiie ii:iie, G^riimt.-'^ ^^ludiu ^la^ ^jrin il by Itig 
fnc^nds Pieou iiid ElLiniOn. ILimoa tv^ritln^ in bier ytajs ahout his jouthfui 
d-iy^ &:iys : " Comprinions and rivals nl the Siimc tlniti \vt vncrc nil s^yjrkinji to* 
gethc^r lor [he Gi^ind Piix de Rome- Gt^r^nii: inspired tjs all with tliu tovc o( 
hard ^v^J■k^ nnd of hani w^fk to tlii^ actotnpiLniinuiit of sinijinij md liiiii;ltin^p. " 

^ut in the inler^ids of hit? h^a'd wfprk fur the pri/c, rw^Tc^me was :ilsiQ Vh'orklng: 
on a ]itcnne whii^h he hij^K^d lo liaee -H-t:t|jct:d for ihu Siilon. Thatwis tli(! pict* 
ure Wc ?]>oke of in the iKrytitniii;^^ of this notiL-^: 3 ''Two Voun;t Cia't^fks slirring- 
tip GamtvcoLki to li-^hi." Whvt^ \l w:is lini^hud Gi^rOme sbtrtvt?d ft lo his nias- 
ter Willi JTkLiiSh" niisi^'ivm^ ; Ihit. Deti^roehc Q:titouiu|>td hlin t^^ H;nd ic ms rlir SnltJii* 
tc ^^j-S jcLtrpLud, and as vr%^ have sc\i^\ won for (li^K'unt a e^ChIB iuetess ^\ith th<? 
])liblie, ThL* next year, [tjS, lie agahi exhiliitrd, Init ihc lm|3]y■^-.il:]n he nuidc 
wai li^s^ marked than on the fin^t oeeasioii. IJJPi fonncr piirtun^ h^id n SubjrtJt 
such a:^ it wjts, of his nivn dLvl&iuji. The ' Cnck-lil^ht " ^voi noi an iHu^.trti]Oii 
of any [naEyiRt in Greet pnetry, jnd in spite of it*; antiqued ^ttnig, it had r tiii:id- 
cm aiTp aiHl t^i ihir^, nu doubt, it^ jiopnlaritv w.is ititgt^iy ifuer Dut lU 1S4S he 
pssn%T;d an iHuhtr^ttaou of ilie Creek puet. Auaureon, transhitlng into aictiis'e the 



^ -" --W 



r*>' 



ARTl&rS AND AUTJlUk^ 

p(jfrn ihiti tells hoxv, on*: wiiit^rr ovm>]ii>f, qUlIiig' by his fia-n ilic old poet w^^ sur- 
|}L"i-ii:il Uy J HHinii of ^-^cpjng outsicLt: h\^ Jwjr, niul ojn-nitisj it, ffnind Cii|ji<L ^vct 
aiiJ 4iiv^rtn^ ahJ l>uBEirt!T f<*r □ sTilIlct frpni (lit Cfjlii. The mm t,kk*:!^ the 
prclt>'H (iimplL^d nti-^tl>!ef \o |][^ (^ojoni. i^iirn^^ hi^ fnjer Lind hiinJ^ at rKu fir^, dtjc^i 
his lifliv und iin^m-s .hn^l Imv hFin ^\\^ w'mti tnjrfl Ins aif>. TJitn. ii^hen Cupid ii 
rcii'csliud liLhd wsknncd, lie Ifji^-^ his arTDwsj. nvw luTj n^l^^■ l^«-rt^ .ind m !i«l ,iiifls 
one Mr.djihl M hii Jk■LlL■llac|c^r's hsirt, Luid Liu^^hiu^ a] iln- Jl^i, iI^h. ^.^l .n the 
^Cei Joor G^fttuts iHtiurt ii-as in ifitn-e pJT>^■k The rirsi showed the |MJtr 
Eflifuhig Hie dn^>r rc> ihu SE>l>hineLLi]iHL ii'itfi JiJ^ iM^cJnip^lecl ^hiiTES nntl -Jiipping 
Clirii^: in ihi^ncrt^ iIil^ rcy^y in^^rnlc %voimds lii^ lH:ni.-f,itrnr ; ni ilie chiFrin tin: pot^t 
s3tH dif^e^nwlnic l>j" hi^ hc-juh, musuj;i over ih^ days ^vhen Love w^s hisfiuo^t. if 
hut Iprsn \vmr, As iho storj^ wn-t an otJ cin.-, so mnnv an iirii^i fitfDrt flc^rflinu 
h]id |hlji>ed ^i-irli k nsniuhjtel ffjr n picture. JeAn-r"nuH\jis Milbt hrm^lf, nn. 
ptkr pujiil ^^f ll<iitrfhjhe, tliotifFh ciTrlltT th.m (lt^rilnit\ had iriod hh kicid nr illuf- 
rraf]rt;^Anae^^^(^n'^^f,^^^luLelo^L■ he found hi^pr^^fier tiefcJ of wnrk hi pnr] Liunc rhe 
cvtu|aati[jclsof the men anJ woiiun ^iKJut hisn, tlie pyftsains rimtnig \\hijt]\ lie wm 
Ltjfi] mid l>T<,^H 

l^rtii-cn^'s picture liH tiorliin^ to adt^inci: his l^ofiunen wlfh the pichli^^ [^43 
wjs J storriij- (ERTL- hj I'ntucc .ind hi .ill !^u^'^|4^ liehI jn-oplt iirre nor in fht- mond 
[o Ik: ijtnusc^l ^vith ^ueli trille^ a^ AtuLrtiJi] and hii Cupttl- The ijiciiirt^j; in Ehat 
7t^r'sSalo]i ihat drtxv the ]iuhlic Id crowd*i ai}out ihi^ni were Couture-"^ "The 
KoniLins of tliu Decline of tin: Einpit-c," in which all J^rls saiv. or thoti^hi \x ^\\\ 
the handt^Tllii^i^-uti'TrhL-'WaJI for rln^ jjLLei^rnnurit c^f Lou[^|^hj|jp|ie ; snd thc- 
■^ Slupivieckcd SaUurs in a Uark/' of DL:l.icnn.\, a ivilJ ^nJ ^t^rJny *^i^ni: of [€;i- 
IDT that seemed to echy tlie j]rcphcL:Li^:^ 01 evil dajs at IijiilI i^r l-rnnce with 
U^hich tfke time wii^ nic- 

G^rOnie's no^st pcL-txirc, fiowevCTn ivas to brinH hiiti once more iNLfore llu^ pub- 
(tf, and io carry id.^ name iieyOtid ItJN i]alfvc Pr^iiet- c^tji as far its America* 
Leading fur thxi iioistu hi^. t-lios^n helii of -inc^^uity, h^hcrt: ytt he w:^-^ \q disHii- 
guSsii liim^ir, he loul:L-d for a ^tilijcet hi tht^ Piin^oE his own- dai^, "'Tiii! Duel 
fllctr the M,ii>ftueradc'' tjjjcri^ for its a eoriitr [ff tht IScii^ de iiiPulo:c;^i;— the 
fiVshicmLdjIe \yArk Oti the oiLtsLIrl^ of l^arls— ^^'ht-re in tin: still ri^wn of "a ^Ucner'^ 
^^y\ J ^^rraup nF men are nier n^ wiines^ a duel litciveen t\m nf ihcjr conTj>anlon^ 
ivho htive quarrelU^ ^t a m:i^ked IjliLI. The yroutid is covertrd with a light fidi ^^i 
snow ; the haa- itrjnciht^ of the trt^e^ ^\'\x\'^ rlieir nrtwcfrk 3i4:rQSs the f^rar ^'^\\ 
and iti riie dt^^LiiiL-e wl- ^vc. the ciirnaf^"^ ihitt ^^^v^^ hrcjitght the dF-^putimts to iht: 
ntid. Thu duel is ovlth Oik of tftL' men, drt^i-^ed in rfie L-<?sctinsL' y( Pieiro], 
j-hc lot?^ whhe iroLtSLirsmnl -^lippen^ thi- ha^riry ^vhile ^hiil. and white ^ktdl-caf^ 
ChiIIs: inartLilly ^i^ouii^Il^, intij the arm^ t^f hi-? setond : t^le jkiIIot of cinninj; death 
riiEivkt^ hy ihe while imirt ted face. The otht.r eomfjatant, n Mohnuk indiaii 
((>nCi^ a ^aple chataL^er jii every niai>krd-!3alJ m \^n^: t:urioiis iLiriiv,i| of (lie 
liopularitj- of Ohdjil-t's noirtkj, fs led wnumkd off \Uv fieUJ hvn friL-ud drcs^xd 
as llarlL-quin. Citt^ime m ihi*^ srnkiny fMeture showed for rhc hr&t time that tal- 
mt a^tt storyteller 10 whieli he i=i ^^ Inln^ly itidebted fut l^js rtputation. What- 



pv«r hi^ iiil.j^^r may lio, Ii kalwjy.^ str fonli in (he clej«<t mji.iirr, ^ Thatr^-en- 
oiiL' mzy undorsUnJ ifii- :rf(irj' «[i]ioii[ rln' in-,:-l nf ,in iiii.i|iic[^r 

m£j<krn liFr : ioy uu-n iii'i ni:i.,y onmtjl '^^ihj^^iAso n^fiitc tt^ (ornis of \\Sr UOomr- 
iiiiT II) 'L.ilii. In jIl. p^i. Hizii ,f.cy m.iU iii^ cscj.iion luihc .[.ii^iiKm. [ !^ d|,i 
not [H^n.f»rc. follu^.- up -TIk- l>,d ■ ^iih <»l»:r ^,.nimLUi. t.,] the falii^. at »,ml, 
cm aK.>i}-for i,P rkc t^jn|,.r r,[ ||,„ ,,„„ i|ii^ r,iH:i„„., ||t^ Ccuiurei. ■■ H^ninii 
Orgie ..TiHMilkr. ^hiiwjil. iHl- H,,,," ,vjs Invoked ni,*?., ^,5 n Miir«. m>.l ^ 
iVMiiiiiiK, ..i.d o«'^a ,1. ].Dj,Mlj,,iy :h ui,il|i 10 11,1^ cunvici,..!, 01. [Ii.- ,>„rr „( rhti 

irt..nm.'ii[ of iJ,„„K.i fioni iJi.u Ti«nii:<: :id .-ip^i, if noi ;■ gix-jiLi puhvcr to iiircrcz,! 
iln:|iuf)|pc ' 

G^r^rfi4.-'s i«o pic.urt?, the -A.'^ Gvkii'^ Moniut3 tc: Snlumnt.^ -IlfilJ ' 
Cicsar , Thus.- 2Ih,ui („ ,ik'. ^,lin„ Tti<r,:;' and " Tfic CiLidJincrs," =re .0 uni^vr- 
^illy k\m ,is lo .],^,d no ,l,-cri|ili(;n. Wii.H^VLr -;iHitism miiv li^: nude upon 
iJi^in, rliL-y v.-,i\ iilivMj-s Rma.ii inirit^^ilns.' m iJie i^'uHil lii Juret j from ih^^ir iuh- 
J.v'r rr..in ih^ .,-ay In <.vl.kh [J,^ ^lisc^nvric. of ard„-,^lo^ ^n: mnil.^ f^miJi.r, jnd. 
noi ].'iiM fruin ihc- impr,.siuii ih,y ii.,,L^ of (h. .mi.fi Mvt, Mron- i„icrc5J in 
^vh.f. fit [i,Ld .0 say. In l.uMi |>iuU[HJS hf: ^iic:4:LtdLd ][i sliuwinj; rliu ULilnj^st-um 



i^ m> l.mg-.r ,1 min, Imi ^^, g, in spcn;:. u living p];,c^ pc,k,,l.Hl bv ifi^ su^^mi of 
.he Ko»ian f..,puf,i^L-, vvirli i]i^ .-iniK'mi' nnd hi= tuiirt, nnd il,,^ Cnru-^' .,f .1,..' \\s- 
liil \ insiii^. and, for chief ,u:[urs [h« hq|j]t!^ wrcith<:!i «ho arc ■ IpuilIi:^:^ lo 
ni.Lk, . JJ.Hiiij,, LolHLy," Ani>thcj pitinrt [h.ic -"Hlv intr,;j«d G6\0m,z\ riTU- 
iatio,L..Ti. his "Dcaih OF Julius Csar,-t]u,ugl,iimu.t be L-^nks^d ihL-,^ U 
,i[HjuLh^r till: si^gc ill ihc i»Ta,i!!i:nifiu uf ill.- ^v-nc, and m iht a.^iion of iii< 



1 I r - , =" ""■ """ —-■■'-I -111" ■'■ 'III- Jdiuii of (ilC 

bD-L> of i^iiaior^ and anv^pirjlor. I.;iviiia .he hnll u'iih Ri.inJi^li.d s.^'ords ,ind a^ 
d sin^uiy ,n LhoRi^, .h:.. ■,va5 dl.^],, r^-m ,h. |>[LLurH:s of ih^ amnhiihcalic. 
in«c^ WL.'ifllsQ lc!5 Tii:ntrinl fur ik- curioii.h- of che bvcis of ^ich;L'olo"v - no 

fludi stikinfT ]iuii.,, for in^iince, 3s ih,^ rci-roduciion of ihs yf^di^iors' hdn]4:i5 
cind annor rccaiiiy discouTcd in I kix:ul,im:xim ; bui il,. hoJv of ihc d,.id C:.^ar 
lyiiij^ ■■.■..., ar iIil- h:,* ,rf FoniE„-y^ ^u,,,^ " ,mh h,s fs^c 'rnutficd in lii^ i,.-;, 
^^.is .1 in.L-lH ffy pLTi.Piiil.LnLV r some crilic, nUJVld [)V ihc CTaiid-.'Lt ol ilic jhi^?. said 
II '^■a^ noi p jactc ].K-c<.-i,i /ar^r^iorEL.ninf!, it «'a-> "a pctsn^-cliv^r,- tlfr^im. ni:.dc 
.1 M. MA |.,iniii,s ,.r rhc Ca^r in Uds pkiure, Ji 1^ in Hil- Cor,:otan Gidk^v ^ 

O^.H>ni« pjipkd ■«v,^nl 0K]yrc piciurcs from chsfc iSilijcci*. hiii ,»o».; of iln^m 
hA,[ ihc (]i.Lfc.t for ih. G^nc^r:,! p^bli^ ,,f t|,„^ w. Iuv<:dcs^ij|,.d. fn li^i li« 
«h.b,tcd n .,,«c «n.^i. clk^l "The Age of Atieu.ui^" ^ pic.nrc ^iuEG^.^i^d. 
pcHi-.p.i, hy [he " riemieycle" of hi^ in.^ter Dci,iro.lie, on nhj.h h^. Iilni^lf had 
piiinlcd J, r,:pn.-M..j,u^J hcru.'^ pr.et., ^j..^s. „/ .lie Aui^iL.t.m .ir.-, .TX^Mrx-d 
a^oLii ihc cradle of [he ini.n.l Chn->1 ; it pn^ut,:d fov Gerii.ie ihc red rililn.n of 
llie L^s.on of Himor, jnd is nOM', ^ tlie ank. him^if Jeijinirlv sav^ "ihe 
Efcatuar pinnre Jn t^lc Mu^imi t" Anden;. " In the .ame vear G^rO^ne w^nl 




"■ -^' ^: 



^ - flfe.;- -i- 



j^^r 



AKTISTS ANII .AVTIIOHS 

If- V-^vpt for Ibc firfJt [lliK r since ihun lit Kj^ iik>h: ilian niiuc vi^E^ it, hul \i ifl 
Joulitlul il In: wulJ rcntw rlii: iilo^auf nE his >c^L[lifui cApi^rlL-ntLV "I mm oui," 
111: ^ys, " wild my fiicii'tii, ] Uii: fircli, jill o\ Uii liyhilv rutiil^ln-iJ rfiili irKm^y. imr 
full of vouilirul liinhuM^k'-in. Lift^ wi^ ih^^n *;A&y iu lilgjpi i ^'n: li^tJ v j tcr> 
fliudtrjlc liilc ; n-: h'K^i a 1>oa[ an<l ln'^-il tnvt monxh^ u\'Oii the N'[k-, liunlmg, 
p-iliiiin!:, fiT^Hiii^ liy uhh^. fnm DpniitciJ i^' I^liitfv. W,^ rLiiiimJ tu C;»iro iiud 
fL-mnintnl rliL-ic tmir iiUjiubs lniijjtr in a houw in ih?: <>IUi:t |>jn oE ilic luwn, bc- 
InngiiiiE lu Sukiniiii l':isiix .^-^ FTciiL'hintii, lie irdK^I u^ wiili 'z^-ciilui liuspitil- 
tiy. M^I'liy |ir;norf of j-.iuiii, of fr^cdiim fiom t^nc 1 IIo|>i: aiij ihc future 
ojicncJ Ifrlijlii bi'f<in; lls ■ ihi; sty tt.1'4 blui:!" 

(ifrOni^'n i>ii:(iiic> ut E.lM.th lik' nuku n p;hlLi;nr by ilifiirwlv^s. A fuw of 
llicm an; Eiismrit. ^u-:h as his " <;ki)|iJini WsIijuk Cii^r," fjiri iftc nioi^i of iliciii 
ore stinpt)' **^i>c'i ^'"J i"^ii^i"s. (Imvii fripm iht Jjily life £iE ih,: modern inbiiii:- 
tnnc^ nf Cjii-i Liml ihi: lIc^it, illiKLi.Ltiiiii :liLir nuniiLP- ,niil MH'.inms. Tin: rin-ic 
lilies H'uuld fill u;] n I^Tj.1' |>^m i»f oui ^|>,n;i. ^Ll[ly uf th<: fjtsi of linni nre 
ownis! in ihis H;Ljuiiirj. and jiU li.iv.: b(>jii Tcprodtn^jil by cQgrJiiiii- or by phuuf^ 

■Cfluhyi 

111 iiidlhiT fn-ld Gl'tAii]*: wi>ti "Uiii di'idriunnii, jiLiinling -Vt^H'.i Frini) ibi- liis- 
twy iif rrLiriCc ill i]i'' rtF^ of Luuis XIV. ■ ^iib]-:i:i% ilni"TL fiuiii vn-Iui imy be 
enlUid ilii; lii^h LoniLJy "t i:(>Lii'[lifL-, und Irixiii-d by Girrtiiic iviib icmarkublu re- 
IbiunKnt amUlliT-iin:]!!)!!, Among rlit-t- piciurcs rlic bc!,t kutn^ji art: "MuliLiff 
Utf^ilif-ijiinirwiiJi Louis XIV.;" illll^rT:^liilJ; [lie stoTj'Lfr ilii: biii/s tL-buk^ lo liis 
tourtici'i wlU) niTw-ird m ^lu^pi^' tin ivi:m ^.f y.iiius; ■ Pttc: Jos<;]>b. " tlic |tn^sE 
«'hij mvWr Elit -'ui^ of Iminiliiv iml :,. lf-:il>ncpnioii tciluLi* i!ie finr-iU^t nobles 
lo liio 5t.%ic <.{ 1-ickovE : ■' Loufi .\ I V, k,:c:diin'v ilic Gri^ii Cuiuli,'' and " Collab- 
or:ni<j|i," livo pocis of Jj^iiis XI V.'slimi: "ockiiiy; i(kf;::[|n:r over n i-i:iy. Ami>iig 
his accoiiiiili^imtnis as Hn nviint w<: mu'^c not fcuRti the i.ilcnr Umt C^iijnn: Ii.t^ 
aEinwii a? a wnlfitttr, lie hn* rpj^ddfc^d si^^'uml fijjiia-s fioni lui^mn piclurts niili 
Such.-LiliiiiralilH. ^kill .is lo yirovc ilni in: nii^lii easily hava made iculpturc ii jiro- 
Eeaiflii hnd he jiQi tliowiii m riei-ui-: hinii^rlE m piilming. 



..^c^.^.^^ ^^^W- 




DA.NTE GABRIEL RO^SETTl 



JS7 



DANTE GrU^KIEL ROSSETTl* 




T= 



(tS23-[SSi} 

iio^E ^^'hin'^ pnvilege it "a^s tc 
luci^r the Irttt Mr Gabriel 
Ro5s«ui, at once m the pk-ni- 
tudc of hi^ i^oivtT^ and in ihf. 
iftbhn^ss of ihL-ir cjwn imprK^ 
ffi'onsn ^vill tioj t^ipcci to he 
ni*i^'rJ agdiiii i-hruu^li life hy so 
m^jT^iutit ii presiiiiLt fn his 
dt'.alinnii wi[h th<™i muesli jTjuiig- 
i:t^ t|i;i[i liim^^tlf, tiis liict and in- 

tth-cJ .1 :jhy Inil Jrdi:l1t jOiith 
\vi[h iudi ^ nalik eountgyn with 

toiid^KuiJsitm, wiih si^ grand :in 

ftir ai>d ye[ so ^-^ml a welco]^^, 
[lint ]ii5 ne^T Qc^wuTitancs ivflS 
tn^liiVcti Jt th*! liTTit seiu^ijce. 
'liiis secjiia lu nie t*^ have lii^t^n 
in a cert^tin sci^-* ihc; k^y-notc of 
thi^ rn:m. l\c wiis tsscnually' ii 
point f>f firt ; not a periE>a:t:tic In 
am" stM^^c, not a pt^r^cju of ivfcJc 
circumfcrtrnce, hut ,i nuclcu^i of p«rc inii^ination that nc^xi- stirreJ or s]iift*]d^ 
liuf 5cin:il]atcJ i]i ail direcijons. The ftinctlon of G^brkl Wfnsiieiti, or k least 
h:5 rrtOr^ ocjvlou-^ runction^ was p? ^it in ischhiticm. antl t^N !inv^^ v.i;i^U4.-lv glfmmi^r-^ 
iny ^i>iiits pri„^4.:iu:d to him for compJiiif ilJiitTiHKLiicjji ilt- wW fhc mMi 
protjipt in^i^c-iiion.ihe most rt!;rj| ii] giving, the mo-it sy input fittic hi rts]?^>Liso. 
of the n>cn 1 liiivc ti^^jwn or seen ^ ami thi^ wtthoiit n single Ifucch oftln: pro- 
phetic manntr, thtj itir t]E-^uch piofrfsitin.i! m-j]^ ^ (ukridfic orCiiiylc IWhal 
he fiafi ti3 give v^as aoi niyHtit^t! or .Li>s|j:it^t : it w^as pLinlv mr^crtEt?. I!is n^lntl 
^as fuh Df pnicikiil iirti^tit schemes, ncily a ft^v of whicli ^v^m suitc:^! to hts o\n 
pntcticc in jijintin^r ^^r [joetry l tiie rtst ^icrc at Llie service uf st^hoovcr would 
eom^ in a friendly i^pirit and tiski? tlicm. [ find ainontf hi^ lotterj; to ms, winch 
: have Just lKjt:rt tt.-:id;i]g ontt =i;,rajn, a ]j:iper <if dL^lifilicrij! suj^-i^^tions ahout th^ 
cover of a book of vt-rse r ifit ]iL%\t ycjitth wlio u^^atird ut]otq fniii \u-)uh\ perhaps 
be a ;i4inicT. and vvould fmd ihnii the grrat ^eiilui .md Lnu^tei did not disdain ^ 



rtk- 



^ AitTlSrs AND ALTirnkS 

dlscLtssDchii of jhlchjrt'^fr^iint-s ThK mlis L^uE Lhc uiiJL-n;un~cnl of hk inllbcni^c ; 

as ^vi' shsrll st^: inofL.^ niul innn^ t^VL-rj" y*;ur ns thr C4iitrb] ifL-cjflc-^ of rhit cnitury 
Lcuunii: liistarv, its main Ptrt^am ilirrttal iLn: rwo ;,'rc.ii nrt-i ol pninlim^ 5ind 
potiry iiiED nc^v chnTinrlsi unci M."t a ?ifoi^ of dktrsf uk-ms in rnMLiun 

Bull y^ f^^ ss LiPiytliLii^ Can l^t SCtn |^l^^infy ^tiioiil K(j^>cici .it jiirr^nt, lo ma 
:hu [jct:t m" hjs Irflinu^'jljiltiy. hjs -^If-^Mpixsiti his ^urbii-i rrttrvc. sLi^n^s i^b 5k' lhc 
luost intciv^tin^f- llu lit^lJ J3l tA] rbinp^ t<i [lit i^-wtiilijl :iiwl not lo rlic Jicui- 
dt:iiL,i| ; ht: |ji rEi.'1'rcJ tlic df^ ^nlail c»f allu^-k rcj ;i dilltU'cS Unotl of |K^rl|]lflc. An 
itiilli^ti Uy Mvth dtiil Jt-ijply tnoi-ijd l^y jifl rhlFi^^ It^^liim. tic nt.'h'^'i' vJ^iicc^d ItJ^Jv ; a 
lover of ntuul.iml a sympLiEhLi^cr whh jill Uw mysuik-sor Lht? J^otiinn L-r^tJ, he 
n-_-vcr jonic^t iKr Caaltolic Chui'i.!! ; ^i pc>^?i ^^'liosc Inmi im^l ^ub^l^nwi- 'itiU.ii Itallu- 
^i>Ci'cl alrnost nLl thi: inun of hi^ t^aiLT^lic^ik, |>t' ^^^^ m^Mt^ i\\\\\y TorCv vc^ar^ of a^ 
Ik'foFL' fiu ^^Lvc l]ij vtrrsc to the puliliiT f a pniiiLf-r xvh^i cDFi^jcLtrtxL the itciiudi.- of 
Uiri: ]iasL u'ith more tirdoL' and fiiirli tl];iii dlniost £iny qtci^i of ]iis tiiTic^ lie nc^vo" 
<;]]D!»': to vi>it ihf chitirliva or uallttic^ of riLtrojH^ It |i:hs Wvn wi^f. .iiiicsnu [he 
niaiu^ ^ihf^urd rJuiii^ ^vlijch hfs fknith fr;^^ pmiokL-d. a]]:it fpc: ^hr^nk Fn^m j^iiblkiiv 
from liimdit/H ihi -j^^srncd it {Kf^iii i!L-Leiii]^Lr. OihL- l^rilli-iiu jotiiii;ilEst liiis Je^ 
scribfif ^lim ;l5 -fulkini; like Utulor in his tL^tii_ It u^'H io hv A^iiillts wlio 
f^uLkc<i h^^liL^ii [ ^v^is dtl SL-^hool ; fjnt it ccit^iinly tiei^er was G.cbcieJ Nus^ctti. Those 
who fnilv knnv him, .ifK^r hit i:onsttlu[i^?ii h;id pdi^t\L tiiuk-r ihi::voki' of a lie* ilriis 
^N']iiL:li 1;ilk'(l liim, LNmiif?t judge of his iiLLliiihtl rt-^c^n'e fram thnt .Erilli^i^tl ^md mor- 
hicL reserve; which eiilliittcrcfl the [a?! VL^ai^ ijf hii^ life, Tho former wa^ nnt eijii- 
rit^tej whh J!ni ohjrc-ttcfn to iici^ f^ices or dl-^like of cronlial _H>L:iely, Uui wlili |]]c^ 
indnt^italjli; irhar.icieri^i ti; oF tjic man, ^vhicli mtifk- fiim i^iic oiti the nc^i-^urc^ vf 
the ^^jlrii, mid \yti\'cr ncvri I" n'fH'i^'^t rhi m, Stj Lle fr^nn l^i^llkillJ^ ^^ciL-lety, it is 
my impreSHifin th:fcr he er.i^-eri it .1^ j| ]iUHjL;ssityT .jkluiULilL he ijlitJit la ^^]^ct hi 
coi>siitiiL-nT:i =iiit| n^rro%^' its ^tnpt. " ^ 

I le tt^iiii horrt in il^^S. *rhe stpij' of hi^ pan^ntaG^ i"^ ^"^'ell knowi], jnd Ima 
been toUl it! full JL-mil sitiLe his cli^iiLhr nL^%^"=t^ inim in fni-uHon nmd diri^enud 
f^Eirfc] CJurh^^ Hoj-^arf : ii wn^ uz^., I jim lohL i]niil ht: w^i^ y| .iirt: Uh Appji^trU 
ale the ™1ut of thi: nsinic ihjic ho TOfjk ujKjn hbn-^lf ilii: iX^^omri] whicli Uis 
fatliei' hud iH^riir, lhc: Dninte by ivhich the ^iv^rM^ thouc^ noi his friends, hiix't 
kno^vn hini. [.i^'ita^r with h\f\ fLither in f^h.irli'lir <irE\.-s. wUh iwty .hj^u^ni u\ui .] 
brctlirr no It^vi jrJesilly [rnmied In kntcr^ ili.in Jiiam^lf. Iil- sc^^ni^ 10 Imve Uuc;n 
turned tc^ poetry, as he wn^ ^ifienv-^rd sitstiYintd in it, Isy the inierUsr llnime. Tht 
housL'lioUJ ^^n*l bten dc'^riUcI tr> nn- hy natc who siw it Jth 1S47 : the Fatiitr, ri[ii- 
Iwr jiroft^Or of Imliran litcrnitnrr, luit wilh no fraCe^ionjil JliiIlzs. stated the live- 
lonp rfiy, ^vflli a *ilijidc ovct }»s fv^'s, wnlutG cle^'otion:h1 or ^hitrlotlc poi-trv in 
hi-^ n-dfvc lonjFur ; iIh- EirU ^c^^dinlJ IXiiite nloxicJ wiih iht;t] ritJi maiileii vokcw ; 
<;jbrie] hurtL^I lurt: in fn*i i^ritiii-r^ or darlinp iouehI tlu* corntT of tlie Btrer[ to 
Uic ^iLic|j(> where tic paiiue*L From thi*; seulu>ion he wrc^ie to tKt^ ftii^nd wfko 
h:i5i kinrfh' lU'liicJ nn^ in |irt]^:iriti[; ihc^t notes, -i]li1 viltcjric^ inemt^fies of the poet 
extend 0^^ ^ It^Ei^LT puriud llfcun tbo^^ of stny ^ui^'EU^r n^^C relzitt^l to hlrrih 

Mr. Wp 11. Sl:oEi> hch-tw \ve]L kiiown iti mure drK ih:i]^ q>tic. luuL ihcn but 





fust pulili'ihrd his firer !)"nt, hi;^ nijaical iiiid ir^ns^Lftckitial poem of "The 
\y^t of ihe l\\>rlil" Tlii^ a-LTns eo lu^t- fallen iiiiJtr Roiiiicitis nolliit, tor on 
Nqvcmbti jj, iK^7, he wioii: !•> ilu jiurljor. n porfcici simngtr m himself, u luiioi 
of warm s^niji.iiliy gnd nckiioivlcdgiTicnt. Mr. Scon hii^ livinjj in NewLasilt 
orid, insicaJ of ini.iiiit.i", iJiv young (HnEi -i fii>-| ni.uk' ,,t^^u,lllUilncc wJTfi each 
Dlhur it>' coircipuiuli^Pcf:, RtKSi^iif jyion niiiinioiinr, of cuiira^-, hiii c.ivn sth<:mcE 
inri imMiJoiia, -inJ he ^nt, js ^ Kimjilc uf liJ^ |icjvvxi5. hU poems of - Tlu 
IllL^Hd D.imoitl," and -.My Si^t<:r'5 Sltiip." »JiJch he Jiad w-rincn aboui tkjh- 
rcLni i»onrJi4 iHiure, 



\rT. d*:i>iL (clls me iliir fii'T fiiiii [[(^iLrjr on rcw^ivin^ ikrsi- iiovmfl. ^vriiien in 
EiitjIi'iJl by ,111 lulinii lioy of tii^'licetii, was onr of ^inliii'i.Nin.iii. I t:inno[ ivunikT 
at ii. If lilt ■■ lijcwud DamoH^d, " when u wiis (uhJlslKd n rjUAricr «tf c^imuty- 
liiEcT, Memcd n nusiei^jiaic ta iha?c iirh-i h^td, in Ihi- nitnnhhile, read so much 
[hit ivj? x'jipurly Ini^pi.fil Uy ii, ivluii mu^i iE havi- Iv-n in iS^6? t'cnaiii iiiwY-ii 
ill Tcimvson'H "Poems," of i^j^-, jrid j (,-.,- fr^mmts jf Itro^-iiiii;^'.', '■ IlLlli mid 
l'(.nngniii^ics " s^-cTt ihe unly l%iiyli^Ji |K-i:m5 wIulIi ljei hv siiiiju-iSLd 10 hjit 
pivcii i[ Ijirrh, i^vtn indirectly, [n ji], iniirprct.iiiuLi uf JrivMir::^! lIhjijjt|,|s, {.y co,,. 
urclu iniiiges, in ji^; mediaiiil (trvoi unj cnnsi^itunce of firney. in i(s imcullgV mel- 
rlcil F.icitiEy, ii w;.-, <!isiinLily tnw -Cfri^n,il jb few fjoeinfl tst(;j>L i.[iom: by riiu 
^kiLDivicdged nij!3Ecr^ oC the enifl i.\ii] i:\-er Ik. 

■^ rlip iun wi^ jfiiiip luiiv r [he eurinl inmifl 
IVas [[kr J liiirL- luLliir 
r[iiiieriiiE i^LT dninn ihnij-uff ; anil now 
Hht hiMi[(G [lirouBli [lir Lifcir Wi'ilhrr, 
Hci Ti^fc nsiH liti; ifir vifl^;p iln; -inrs 
Hail i^lli;!! EltLii' iuri|j [CHiJollirr" 

TTii^ iv.i'i a simnrtc ntCeiii in rR.|fi. Mi^^ B^ircii and Mr. Tennyson WTrc 
jhc]i llie [iiu.^[ PccejUrtl poeK A.fr. Itrirtvninj. spdtc llik'nllv- nnri |-trMsi.einlv. 
LuL only 10 avcryljirl^ drel^; .Mr. Ilurntf "Onc^n ' and \[i'hal|LyE: ' ["lmu^ ' 
"\-rciJic n^i:Ln[ qur<;omis o( Ke,H'i UTid tJoeche ; the S|>iisniodie School n, he 
prescnlly i"jrn of much uni.i^e lEuJv of ^' FesEuC wm aill n^kno^^'n Mr 
CluuKh, Ml. M:L^llle^h■ .\iiiol,l, ,„id y,r. J',iimriri: H-erc qiii[e un,ii)|i.irtnr, tjl^lnjr 
ffnin iind voici' Ilk ^.jliiude ; nnd heie wlip n new ^iifirn, iiEierlj unlike rhi-ni .ill, 
pouring out his llrsl noles with the ru^'cisinn nml jnilepcndence of ihc mw- 
rltd^^ed ihmsh in ihc worjrILinil chonii. 

In luliiMii- (liL- pr[n:tss HM-i Mincy-hiic diPcreiit tn this art, no lepa ihim In 
p(-i.iih. [Jh.^-.-ui nnderMood ai once whni i[ wni [h:ii he wiihi.-d 10 do himself 
im[lwh:ii he desired lo ML' oilier^ doin^: Imi ihe dimculLie5 of leeJmiiin^ vv'ere in 
hi5 way I le had Uyun u> wriic in childlnK^d, hiii fie li.id inkcn up dc^iRn 1,iic 
m his yourh. and he had undergone no dlici]i|inc in iL Ai (he prcwuE day 
"■lien ti'eiy -nudrnt li,is lo jiaw a snme^vhjt ^trln^vv,,, c:samiiiiitiim in de^ij^n, 
RossiEEi, ai eiyhieen. could nor iLive .inrered the ^liuofi nf ihe koya! Acciileniy, 
He did so, lioii^ever, yer wiiiioui ever advancing lu Eliu LiJt Schoul, The soifj ai 



- ■ -H '.-.'- 



*a: 



OW ARTISTS A^D AUTHORS 

titi, .^l Thk early pt-nVid. IntercstoJ litm fstr tiJdti: ih:tn ilif bociv, r^'p<:[:iilh *;iii^li j| 
^Lib^nncc Eli Itc fuLiiul Liiuli-i [hi.^ isivskk'ncy of Sir M,"tj]i Slice Hiiid ilic ki;t.-jit-f:- 
sliip fi( Gi^i>ryc fpnti- l-i^i "S nol fori^^l, incrtni^'hikn lliat it is cisy li> sneer .ik 
tUc incc]npL:[i:nL:r c>t iimuiiiltl^L i>[iJ nrtLst^, nnti yd Ji^ird tcacj^^ct-csrinlhtle: eIk' vjIll^' 
of dj'^tipljq^c in a ^lioul. Iiijiiv\'cr (xuii'^iiLJijiiol. l^f^i-^iti wji^s Uki imfutitnt lo 
ieiim Cf5 kir.uv, jmi thi^ fic Ifn-il tu rrprcir 1 lis jnnin-tli.iu' :L■^'Ulc;intf;^ llio youuK 
mcrn ivfcififpj ht: Ih-^jh to ItiiJ aiiil iinprir^aj^ wea^ bcltt-r Jr^ti);litMntn iJi.in he. 
ii\'^ fifHi uil iiiiztiirc, I Ihilk^vc, yr^ n ^lurtrait r>E his [.^rlii:r, iio^v ifi posMVituii (if 
ihe liimily- Uliu as fur a£ t^ii Iw ii^^v rtiniiJe c;ut, hu' ^li<l "^►t licHin to piijrtt iieri- 
Oiislv til] ,i1wu[ JanL(ar_^H ^^~\^, when lit ^sri^ii-iili'^' I'l Hilt Kf^ynl A^:Hitii^iiiy s(u- 
di^nt, \V, ILolniAti lliintH l«) Lake a Inr^u rh>u]i^ ^.ln^^ elp rJic fn;iU-niaF hociSL- in 
l/U^rlutii^ ^Ln-LL, iLid iiihiki: iL tluur s^tLfdia Eler'- Mr. ^c^^ii I'Mnrd ihcm ii] the 
cMtly spriiijj: of thit it^jr ^ he dcfserilKs lf^ mir rlii; Li^pc [^kliiri-^ ihty iv«rc strug- 
pliEi^ upos^. IJliii, Dii his "^Ojtli of ICicn/i," h1i>c! Upnstiti, <"i hij^ '^GirllicHnl n[ 
MiiiT Virgin." Tin: latttT ^v^-^ rii^Lnt^ al pri-^nl liut jn^orly t^fjuiji|Kd : ilie 
|i;bl]iL]Ti^^ w^i'j ljiiill] ihinl h[>^'i^tL |j.ilt^ Ml Uln^^ and with ik» him iir ]hrTriin^c uE ilinit 
nic|]:tiit eolor ^vhl4:h ,i[njiwjul ImL'afin- l?tl^5cui■s ttiniin tlijnn:n:ii?.ue. Eiul llie 
fi^L-l][]U K£i^ idcrnlleal wiLh Lhnt h) his fur more aCLidniptiihcd ciirly pcxinisi. The 
fcrv pukiJ sknil rhrol] of mir^ii^c:^~-.ii adi"]TJitttni jjcnv^ltd rht Ti'h^U i"^nfefijinn of 
thi^ |KLlur4.\ anfl Mr Sealt's lln^ iniE]rc£>':kNi i^'^S thni, in this ninrvrl]oi]> poi:i and 
possihlu pLiljUL-r, the nciv TrntLnriLin luoVi^ment li.id found it> t'spowtor in arl_ 
Vl'I yUU stntK" ivn.^ no such Enjcljle or sentimrinal ctho a^ Iml jii^|>[i"<d ili<: <lc- 
c1;irtd TrH^L-ta]'iLUs \\€Kii^ of ^iglit or nine ycai^ catiier: kliert: vvas no^hin^ here 
EliLhL rtcjllL-iI ^uul1 .1 hi>ol< iLs thi: " ChurivL-ll ^Vnk^r fjly " <jf F-ifhtT E'liIht, This 
4:uuml3LL-d [hi! jf^nuiiiL- Ek^hly itiysciLisni, htjclJiy f^ro^entmcut ^i .1 '^]>i]t[iJLil [iJ^lI^ 
and LnLinidUe knoiivlL-dtfC dT metliTeval scnlimciiE witliont \vUi\:\\ thn: ne^v r<?]i|!i(Jtis 
fLivtjf Ji;id no inii^lleclua[ l}a'^is. This ^tn>ng rii_st[n<;t for the Foin]^ of the Cntho- 
hc ri.'li^^iujt, earnfiiitL-^l whh no ;itecndH-iiiei^ oii thr rire^ <][ th.Lt chiLT4:h, fast^-]^'d In' 
no stutly oi -jeulnjii^stiuifcl linjinitm^ or -i^\t>:i,Hioii ^vjth itaj:liL;i"s tir proselytnjs hut 
ari^hul t^ Jiim^eir and vt-K-^ipf^orLnid, Win.-i ai tkul time ivithoul iloubt the fc>iturc 
in Hct^MUt's intelleoluul chancier ^rhith cloiunn^l-^ our i;lowst ^tli^ntion Nor a^ 
L believe ihstt iliii ]iiissiPii for ilit pliysical presenratitm uf ;i my^iic^il iMei was 
cv^*:r cniirt!|y };u|)|i I anM^d liy llin-^t? olIloL" vlc^s of fifc :inff art ivhiciL oimc to oc- 
cupy hi^ ]Vinturtr nxhfd, Tn iiis Intc&( poH.]ii5— hi '* Ui?v >Ji3ri"/' for inijt^iice —I 
St* ihi^ lirii impcilHc rcturr^inE uj^oji hijn ivlrh more ihun its enrly Taiciiiation. 
Ifl hirh youth. hwt^iL-r, the mysik^ni whis very luilvt- an<i ^tmightfonvind. li 
W'£Jit Tu^uj'i'd hv unt! qE i1]c VttV fel^' ^■\cn^s^on'^ ^l'h^^-^l l^i^iSi'ltt t:i"er tt^cik — h1 tour 

r 

in liLl^iLins hi OtCQhi;?, iS49- 1 .nn uM th^it ln^ and the jiaintLT-friend ^vho ac- 
L-QtispunLi^d him s^'i^vc ^o ptiatly devoSL^l lo ihc inetLin:vnl aspect oE all ihey sa^v^ 
ihaL in walking thmuyh 1 he ;p^llt:rles iliuy rMTni:U a^^^y their htad^ in approtLdi- 
Inji iTioflcm i^etucLfi, jnd tarefuEly t;l[>sc;il their <:i'e!5 uhHe they ivere |>a^irtg 
kuijuns's -Dti^cnL from the Cro^t" In Jtel^iui]}, Or a^ the rnfsull dfhis ^out 
there^ Ko^^'iti ivrotr^ S4.'^'eral curious pu^^mii^ which ueie so hai'>1i ari<l Eorce^l th^it 
he oiniiicit theni fi'oin hi^eL>] lection ^^lieii he lir$( j]ub||vilicd iiin " l^uenis," in tR/a 



1 



DANTE GAUKLtL KOSSETll SOI 

Ttic -jiTorl in lliL-i^c Kirly [liutv^ 5^ In^ri niirkt^E. I rc-rHt^iubcn- tirtC^r hcnriilK 
Roiric.'LU ^lv ^hzLt he cLId not n]ind vvh^tt i^^nplc ciillijcl him, K ciuly rlii^j wouIl3 esoc 
^|» hisi^ "qLi.iIni." Lint tlic fad ^"r-fis iIihTh if quainrntH be di-'ttaiKl ii^ the in^haU 
ity to ijuisot^jl Lh*i Libor of an ftrtn there is na ^[f^n^t iliJT Ik*i1i hw pocisT^ Jiiid his 
designs^ ocrj-sbiiallv dcscr^^td ihl^ [;pnht.l- 1 3c ^r,ip fo iMCci^^ilx^ly sitiL-ort- :iii 11 r- 
in, so JciermiKed not lo p^^rnlit :timhmH Ittcr tnckinc^ oJ tlTuct or am^innini^lcs 
Mnpoih[it~^-> 1^3 concL-jl tliLT direct sl^iJ^m^nt nf nin jtlii-in thiic hit ]:ick of iniliul iHs- 
ci|>IJiic j^jiiL-Lliiiiis niadc: il-^-lf ftit in a cLirioLi;^ nnpuljr hanlaitiSL 

Aitd now It would Iw: neccv^3n\ ii i wtiv jiLL-nipiinji" a conipleci^ sLudy of 
Gal^Hcl Ro^L-tii's inirilcctuiil cnret-r. tci Jivcr;^i.^ iiuu ^ di;i*i:i'ipiion af x^'h^i hnia 50 
crttiLJi tKercisLii pL>pular ctirioj^ty, llic prc-l-^iiphiK-hct^ mui'umcnt of iS4S. HiH 
lla-rt- ii^ nt^ rfiLhh>n ;vhv. in a Et:w titit*^ cjti c:1i:iruE!Eef. I ^h^iihl }V[K\it ffom hrarsay 
whii SL-i'^r^l of th<: st^t^n hroihurs h^i^^c rcjiurEdd from iiutlioritntivc^ mvnion'. It 
ii ^thniLieds li^' [Ik^iti rti>d \^\' nil who Itiivi: utidti^ood the nioiTincnt, That Ga- 
briel l^o^sfitti was the fcnuider ntd, in llsc Sluk-jspuiirian ^'iTic, '"licgctu-r" q( nl! 
Eh;iL \\^dLS iiu[]i- hv tins carn^'^L Umd of ycMi]i|; JiLi^ES. Oin.' oE llii^m, Mr. MhlLiits, 
-WusaLnrjcJv d!-^linjTiii'^hc:[i ^ lwu oafiL^r^, Mr. lEulni.Ln Hunt ;4Lid Mr+ ^Vuolncfn hod 
at ihut nttn: E^njre ir^ia^iiit^ziiul ti^cht^ital jiowcrr ih:in hf ; but he WhTs, nti-tnhi^lt^Sa 
ihf hnin nind >i?ii| of ilu^ faicctjiciio. Whjt iIll-^^ young rnj:n uruinj^d Was t-^K* 
Lizilcntb^ profjotiiitLL'd iih Lhc- ^imei by " W, M. K./' ^^'hkii tia*.-y pu^lij^cd tu ibuir 
Rnlc lut:rnr\" venture, tht ^'Germ^" in iS^a Plnnly to think evm n tittle 
thuii^rhtT to i.'xprc:55 ir in n^iur^i! wor^ls wJitch are natlvt to tlic spcr^ki^r. 10 ]jjint 
cveh in ni^^ljr'^i''*^'^^^^ object js It U^ nii^l mti ^^ the tild master^? or the ntiw mas^ 
teni havtf ^^liii It should he ijabit^^dn to ]>Lrr^Veri? irt l-irtilzii^a nt ifutii Jiid iit nnturfr 
^^ith^^u^ the snuLle^c prtjucliLT for triJiUt^n, tills wa5 (ht whuk^ mvsiery atid ca^^nl 
of the P- Kh H Tlitv *:alkd ih^m^t^ivcs '' preniphatliLe/' hec-iuse iliey found in 
thc-winptof Lippi's anj^cls, ^md iln- trhlnnihintfs of Petiiylno':^ ganleiis tltiiL lov- 
ing i^nil L-xjct sLu^b" fif niinntu Ehin^.^ iihieh y-ivt^ co iheni li wns^^ of stnjjcnty, 
und u-hieh Lhey mi->wd tn the: livadth ;nid c;^^"^ of Laer work. Thc-y hid no am- 
hhioti TO -splash a? no one >phshe<l Iw^fgre sinL-e grt^L Caklasi Polidore/' hut 
ihcy did wish [o ^low n Hower or a ebnd ^ thai k should fic^ u portrait of thnt 
izWud or tloxv^jr. In this amhhion \l wciuld l^ curiou:^ to knoli^ and J do noc 
ihcnk that 1 have cv^v Inward it stnlted. how far they were Inllucnccd hy Mr Ku^* 
kin and his ' Modern PaintH:nK'' ] should n^Nt L-Ji|>eet to fmd kossetti Inllticnctd 
b>' any outside forut in th^s any tnore tilasl iti olhcr in^mt:es, btil nit nil ci'et)K 
JJr. Ruskin cng^rly acct^ptJ^d thL^ hrotherhnod ns practical cxponLUt* of the thrt>- 
rle** fid ha^l pronauntefl. N^me of thrm, I ihink. t:Eiew liini pcn-onally when he 
wrote ihe fanmus letter tu the VV^f/fs in jSjC, defending Sir, MiH.iii and Mr. 
tlohnan Ihmt froni the abtiiLo of ipiotittit 4]riticS] wh^h, !il' '^Ul, had lutled to 
perceive th*' v^^w pHnejple^ \ju whi^^h ihe-rC " two yonnn men" werL^ proeeQ:ilhip. 
Soihehodv wtqX^ to hhn to ej^pl.iin chat ihcrc were " three vocn^y men.'' nind Mr, 
Ruskin MTotc 4i notL* to Gabriel Hojwclti, de^irincr t^p tj^= his ^^ork, and thus the 
acquiunrariet of tbesi] iwo reniarkahl^ men c;^iT»T"eheeil. 

Me^inwhile, ilthou^h the iitore vig^srous members of'thc brotburhood had 



^.oA ' jlLi^r 




2^ AKIISTS AND AUTIIOKS 

^Jiown no spec\:i\ srFTijKHliy Tnr Rofi-^ttj's relijjioit^ 3ny^(ici?nu a Ejj^^LiIci flrtls^ 
hJiTiSclf yot laf tht- oi'itiiiul m'vc]i, li^ul tnkt^n it up wtdi L^niliLnrj-i^lng clIu^itKi. 
Tins WMS ih^" Ill[^: Jaincs dnlliii^iOti, whose pTinci|>:il |JEL^tLin_\ " St Etln^ahctli ot 
HIlnl^iI3^'' ImLstn^I in iS^i^ |ntHiu€;(>d ^ sort of cdsis in [^^SL-Lir^t *:an^r. This 
|i;:iidiin]2: out-m^'stiric.^! rlic riij-btic; hPirtscIf ; it w:i*t sltai|>h' jn^iuclliji jmL liv^cri-lcTiL 
<hrtu;;h drEiivii wjih some ft-rlirt^ for p-jce, pnrf in a i^trv rjrnusi s|>lrl[. Ki:]^.Mrui, 
Willi ^i^ ^tmn*r sf^^itl ^L^nic, rct"f>gnt^r<;tl fhJH ti wodLtl kit- nii|Hi^-Liljli! evt^r lu rizEich 
tikL^ pLihtic \v\iU \xi't ift tliK titim^iiiLy chiir^crtc[", ^nd from th]!i ([ino; forth hv Logan 
to ubatiOoji tW prnCLici: of ditt^ili' ^acri^cl urL 

I'or sijrnc litifc drtsi' zrflt-r :ib:iiii!r>ji]rti! ilie JInrctly s.ii:ri]d Helil in psiii^iln^, 
Rus^L-TTt sccm^ m [m\-\: [>.t};.^L^ Lliruuirli ^ Jlsctid^hiLt! find clLLhtrjLi-> |>i:ria[L ! :tni 
tuld Lhiit be WD^ktr^l for iimny inc^nLb"^ o^-e^r ii li^r^u pii:iLin- i^llcJ " KeILl^ tho 
QU(i<:o+^^ ftorrt sonic ii'oll-knowLi xx'oi'<!ii fjy linjwinn^. Lk inailc? no pro^^ress 
with this. 5iL:onieL] aJi^r^y-iLi^lie^E wiiEi his i^ivn [ncr{IJ:tH felt th(f wci^bi of hiN Inck <?f 
training. -inJ |?u*^w.'d, in ylioj't, lltn^u^h lhio of thosi' r1owinjn*>l ^^(►[h. which Sliiiko' 
sp^'irc hti"^ ^o niJUTllously dos^ilbi^il in "Tii'ud wiili .iLI Lfu^t-," ,nKl v^hioh Jiu- inot- 
tli^iii, soijn^ji cn" LiUTi t(> cwr^' man o< prnius. Whilr In^ Umth li] poolrv crew 
Cuiv^Uiitl^' more sure an<i m.Lvierly, his [jowor as i thniLLght^inLin (hn-jccnt^l io 
kbii^f hhu MkoijrHicr. Mc" ^hri^ to h-i^'t^ dmivri oiH" of rhj_' f^J^nt^^pil:c^^ in iIk* 
"GfinTi/' Imtn alihtrnjih he lojli^d willi a di^st^jti, Un tquld nul ni:ik*^ it "liome 
ripht" At Imi a hnn>>^ sii^etd-jnt piti hiirt on the true tnick. s^nd rcvciilcd his 
prniK^r ponius lu liianscltr lie iKg^ni (o mnk";^ *;in:dl Jra^^'inij::^ of |wjt-|[L^il ihuiij*.-[;is 
in wMitr-colfjr- n\n ' ^yf iWo^" whicii t W±\^ s^'4:]t net cior moFv tJi-nt n^'cncy Jnt:ht^s 
bj cii^cWv — tjtyj v^iiUAi hv- J^ihor^-d, and jirto u'hiclj hi^ faoui't-^i his i^vi^uib^jic stn^^ 
of 0[}lLi]"^ in^ptrod yv-UIiollI doubt hv the ^lis=^ ^if nii-dLi-i^al cisurcli winjoii"^ He 
imvclkd ^o i-ery \\ii.k\ ih[it. 1 do ]i<>t kiio^^- wht:ih*.T he tvor saw she Ift^urts of 
r^idlmit jewel-work which frci tht irluocn u£ Chmrt-i or of lifluij^t^: but Ef U^ 
net-er ^iitw i\wm, lio divined thi^iti, and thcjst: ,Mt the onlv pieee^ ol a)\oi' ivhicli ij) 
tht^ lejsl dt^fjje i"Uf^ir thr itr^fcwinys 17! this^ lio^^etii's ^conJ fjerio^L .Vs fnr 
m one cvin gaiher, hh> niurchori wms, llrsl, ro hcL-ome iiuirr^eneLniteJ wirh ihe si^nii- 
rtcrt of soint; liall^cl or i^iLSsijit: "f esn-NtlsjinLJ iKniLryn iht^n 10 mnJitate on the 
. ^pn^ till ht <^w \i 4:lcarlv bL^Enre him; then^iind this seorms lo Jin^^j iihv.iyi been 
the JiTiuult nnd tedioni^ pnrr — to Jow in rhe dc.-.it£i>, iin^l thei] with I riitnij^h^tni 
st^ 10 UW in tht- gu[lih3rb iviiN r.idliTkt izolor. lie- h^rl Hin ^tlrno^t in-^iipcrable 
difliuultv in ktejiini! his enmpositnm within rhu eonlin^'*^ ijE the p^iper u|3cji^ which 
ht" iitjfked, lind ^ Ijj^r ^^■^^ eunleiit to lia^im purely laecttleaiinl hmit lo tile ik^^ipii^ 
jKj rn^iucr wJiil limits tif ^hL^ rfr^??yci//y /r^vrj^rx^ i^^en: jJiwH'd 'jsswy by fJit 'rjnie. 
Il ^i^nld nut be [be iii.t t?f ei true- frienri tQ Kus^lli'i nlentorv Lu jirc^tejitl ihsti 
thKiC dTniivinH^ ul which for the nest reft or fiffL-tn yi:nrs hi.- eontinued to pro- 
riueo ^ gfetii tminber, wer^j withoiit fiiufci^ uf u. h:Lture wldeh ^ny €:ojieonib <:tNuld 
ptti^ftive, or withoui Lvx:enrrieities uhich im untniined eye inighi ci-^ily mistake 
tor faults- bur tbkdoL^ not in the lci*it milirzLtL-si^'Jini^t ihcf.iet that ni iwoKre^n 
dep£iruncntj> uf thj; f^Liint^ r^ Inieiilty. in imdij^^InniLve i^entinienL Am\ in we^illb nl 
coltjr, LhflV have never liet^n iiur|iaiwed Tliev Jiuve nirely. inde*;d. In^cn cqih^llecl 



V:\^TE CrABRlEL ROSSRTTE 

]n ihL- ni^toij' ol iKiiulnhp, A Ros^^lii LJnwinp of this class huufr mih sptcinitn^ 
oEatKi^T .m, nncknr or rrifldcrn, sini|pLv ^i^ircj^i ttiecn, 1 rto not inenn iKat \x \$ 
JiciiL-r ur iT^faiVi- rh^Lii Micy sirc, Nut tli.iL it kil!^ iln-m oj^ ilic t^lrctric li^ht puu t>ut 
a g]oiv-wi3rrki_ Xfj atlicr tmir^'si colur ^^'Hl liu.ir ihv^ pDintJiuf njbv-criin^n. ihtse 
cxpi^nsc^ of dii^-j^ tuniuoi-it-Ulut:, ihc^c: lla^iiint'MLiTk-i'^ rtn<l thiLiidcrouis jpuri^tck 
iW \}Ah\is tl^t.^ ili^tx^e cif a irumpi-ior; it i^ such un ^^iiiu^ as the e^Ti can sc^nx 
I'lidLti"*? Ttj luok .iL Hl- |MiLiis ilif riL"5 of ,% chijAfu^y-curncn t^lL■^■ are ns givun 
LLi ifiL^ |>c:ic^K:k'=; t-yL--^ in ihu sunshnac. 

Tht wodd is SL-Idom ixi^idy i^t t^^hr, any ntiw lhi^l|^. ThtSc tlmwiiigi of 
Ros^'ti;'!<\v4^rc su^rcjdly noticed c^'t^n hy those who .hl- hai^kiujillv cmi the w^lkIi 
for frcali rlci\vlD|i[nLLU.s in arL but wlim iln: fjfitnrer 114^x1 l:^rc^'fg^:s inUa some- 
thina likt: jsulOLctry ^^'t find hliu :i[ii^jidcd l>i- n lirillLim uoanj^jriv uf voun^^cT 
nitiin ™H inorc of kss hillLitnci-Nl hy hii ic:tUiiiiii unnl Jcir.ictfiL In" l»s ^rifis. The 
PrC'ULiphndiEt: ESrathcrhtiod hdd bcLti p \-CTy rpht-mt^ml iiiMiiuiion j in three 
jtpitr?, or Uhiv hH the most, it h-id ^v^^\\ Tc> usKt ; but its prinuifiU-^ ^ntl (hk- m- 
c^rEy L>f It^ founilu^r lm[ In-'ft tlivir mtitk c^n iht: ^vlitJ^^ ^^orld 0I SLti_ Ii] lii^y Ku^r 
y-ici Jud csliihitcd his |>jciLMc, " The Giilhootl tn Msin" \'irffi]i/' ^t tl^e Purtlrmdl 
GiIIltj*, jin t?ihibi[ioFi in ri^Lthy of tiitt Kmdl Acnidcffn", which e:cis[t:d Imi a v4.tt' 
shoft timL\ As lar pt> L ain diKrovcr^ hi; did not cxhihiL ai^in iit LiinduM muil 
ES56, xvhL-n In- :citd hh £rij:nd'^ u|jc[jfd 11 colleciioai f»f t1ic;ir pictujt^s ;ll 4 HLiiM:n 
PLii.L% I'lt^roy .SL|u:(rc. Wc wonld rdchrr b^x^e ^^tt-n Lii,it iLfilc i^^^dttrh" i!i^]i slc 
inosL of the .-^iio^^^^^xlijhhi^^ns ot Eurofjc. In li iIil- fim: art of the Angla-iEi_^Du 
mec wii SLL-ii dLiW[3ii])T ftt!,ijii fiftcr its loii;; and dark ni^liL l^s^-ui hicnst^if ivjii 
lliL |iii:iLi|i.il e^liihicL^rn ImJ bis two wii'licst wpllea^iii^s. aig^v fn]noLi^ pjintn-rs, x\Tr. 
Millniis .Ltsil Mr_ I lcpiiL3.-tii IJunt, H^lso cinniribHrLcl. And Klt*; uxtc; niii t^lc n-;w 
tjk'iiis whucn Rtjii'^i.ti lia^l Jttnitrtcd around him dnrijip the l:ist seven vt.%irs : Mr. 
MadoK Brown, with his [liw- gcniuji for history^ Mr. J. D, VV-it^tv with his 
aronjT inc<ii:tval jiPtiJiitie^; Mr* Boyo;^ wkh his ddtc^ire ]hor(t:nturc uf rv^ttc 
scenes; Mr. f3tvtL. tIk- finest of ^mr Mudcnt^ of rhf \^:i: Mr. W. II. Si^du liini- 
iclfi hcsides oiiL- ur [wq jjiiier^, Mr. Charles l-'ollin^, Mr. rsiniplfell. Mr. tLdli- 
dfly^ Mr, M^iTtiiiL^iu, whom duiih or zLd^Lift? fortnnt^ icmovtd bcfijit chc^ h^id 
quHc fulfilled thdr jironii^. Gnhriul i?ossciti eonirihutcd to thk inttrt^-^ttnc .iml 
historic 4.\lithtiion Iivl' or _six of thfise niniTVir'Hon-j flr:i\i'in^^ of ivhich mention ^^a5 
jusT been m-hJc. "^ DLmie'j; Urcam," ]|il^ rnmoxt^ virion of June q. [^gy. ^iiiJi ii^ 
■joiinierpLirt, - The Atmi^'tiviry uf i.he Dre:*jTi/' in i2gj, Were the niobi promi- 
nent of thfcit A "'Mjirj' Ma^^tiilene" ws^ji perhaps ihc^ most jnoxiti^- .md t^.-^cit- 
il^ This cj-itremelj- original d<-ii^ji showed [lie M.^sd^lt^n^ i^nrsucd hy her lov- 
ers but lurnin-: a^viy froni them .ilt w M^ek Jej.n^ in the house oE :ainion the 
PKarisM. Thu ArelaitL^ntre in lUis dnwpns was jtmoht dnhh'^Ji ; tlhe wal! of 
Simons house is not three inches thiek, itnd [lii^rt^ [^ ihh kkhii for nt e">^^'Ti-up 
persc^n on tlic siint^ Lfiac k-ad to it ; Lmc the tcnd--T imuLirii]jtiun of tlic ll■^^t^tc, the 
5ivi"et persuasiveness of Chrlstn who luuks out of ^1 h^lndmv. iIll^ |ni:^ion uf the 
aii^ikened sinner who tt^us the r*is<s out of kej jpjii, the curious novtltr of 
Ueotnicnt m |he heads .113d drrt|Jtries. jJI tlie^c eoiiihiiie to inuhe it one of iliose 



^j*_\:. —'1 - 



aw AKTiSTs .\yn authors 

work^ ihc tnonil force niid cljrt^cme^ of which np|h.>nl io iIk heart ai once. Ptr- 
haps ilic [fius^t brillLnii picci: ^1 coltjr lit the Kiirjrtll }*iacc Ciadcij- niay i^i^^ Ijt-cn 
Rcrt^cttJV ■' Bluu Clcjsct," n pui-fcait^ whidi tithcr Jlfm^mtLvi or, js 1 sfiotilj ruThti 
suuuDise, :iiiigivstL:d At], M<jrrjs's woiidcrlul j?oem puMi-^ht;*! l^^■o yi^srs hcitr. 

The simc y^nr thiit di^playetl him to fl^e |^ul^li*: uli-t^Jy ^-urrouudtd by a brUU 
iiitit phrikvn^ of f3ainti;r-fi lends diM^ovcr^J hinl lU-^h i" ilit^ juilicious, as ii cciilre 
of |HKtii; HhIh iiaid tiLNit. rhi: cirs.u[n^Hin:cj> 42oriLiuLti:d wirli Ros^lti's risit Lt> 
O-^^Aid ft Imli: H-^rliurlhjn Uni =Lif too rci^ent afL^ frtsh in thi; incmorks of too 
mEinv Ijvinii periLons of JiiiitiLtiuu^ to be ^lii-eu^fid whIi iimpnttx by one who 
^vus nut pitsent. But cenphi fcKzis arv |nililic, ;ind may he niLiiiionizd. TheOs- 
fonl Union mil shu^vs ;trouifcd lIih^ inttaitirut iE& *:u|kiIu str.iiiy^ , shndo^vy ilv^^J4;5^ 
n^L-lttn^itsto nothinfintss v;]\\^h sue the ^'Oi-k u< hii^i incnn "1" vOiom KowkHi \v,i^ 
iht: IcjideK. Thiisc ygiitli^i hail tnjoyed hu p^n_iiL:-il tr.iinin^ in Lhot partkul^rly 
sriiEii:i^l br.incli ol arL nniml luiiuingn titid ytt it «Ait>msstran);i: ihm Kos^eui him* 
seU, :it 3c[L^t, sl^ouJU nfli hiv-j uLl(k^Tylln:J^E Ihit n vehicle, Math ns jolk uf t^ 
tnijii.d wicit vin^^g^ir, wm^ [ihso]tilt!]y iiuecSTtiry lo tcnijx:rj, or ih-^t \\ v.:ts iff^iicr, 
ij] fr4:^D-]N^iti]h]^r. [ofirtp^c else waWs^ ;inU ]^Jn[ in the lush ^^-ft niort-ir, Hn-y 
iisud no xthiele, thvy fixL-d thtir ^:olc^[■s in ma L;out of plft^ur, bm ihty tlut-u" ihelr 
jau-ETcctunt dn^ |>3JnT on lln^ n.itL^il hrii^k, Tht lesiUl fm^ hi^L-n ilut ilii^ic miLTcei- 
h^^ liovi^li flftirt^ 3it Liow detiLiyt'd 1h;3'on€| any chtniec wf rL^n^n^llon- h K liii- 
poKiblt^. Jiowe^i^r, lo nsctnil ific Rndlc-n cfF thr 0\f^*td Union -md iSxahJiliK^ the 
t^ho-rtLv (rtxocii LlJ:tt .irr id]i\n^ thtrc, iiiihcun gi"cnl inli^rc^t iind even LLnoiiiJit 
Df fhc voun^ nii:n who |>it]nt^d ihir*: under Gabriel Krj-h^ui"^ *iye^ aW hsLVL- he- 
comt!.i,^r4^^ily dlslinguishtd. Mr. Udw.ud liukne-Joni^, Mr. Willmni Morris, and 
Mr Spencer Scatiliape were inidtjyrLdn.nijs at O^ift^dn ^^^. \\LlonLinc Prinsep 
and Mr. Arthitr llu^ht^ 1 btiiijvv, W(^l- Ruyril .\cjilE;iny ^tudnjnts who wt-™ jn- 
"vitcd down b^ Ko?>ieiti. Their woric Wxis naive Jind Lpttcr lo ihn-' lasi duprct Ic 
1^ \uirltJL[}S not (atrto say w'hki) oni- of shesn found ^o inueh diflkulty hi ii^tintniB^ 
tbf Itps of his ligLtres fhut hi; drtw an impenLnfahl*: cuvcrt of sunlloMXr^ jight 
across hi> pietHTt;, Lind onl)' iJiou-L^d Lkin t^^ of his 3iliocs and heruim::^ ItttwcL-n 
ihe (^►ld<jn Jisk\ 

' The Or\/<frif(ffii^ Cimfirfj/^' Ji/aj!^:zrWr, which ,il^o dare^ from rht yt.ir aSj^ 
15 as1[ll ntorL- nOL^ibk- LKp]CS?.ion of Imddin^; Renitis ihnin rhL- donit^of [hdD>:furd 
Union. i( WAS edited hv iJn Goflfrt^ Luihinyttin, ail iti; arLlc:lrt were ai^uLiy* 
mqn^, and it L-onLrii\'d tn e^l^t ilirouyli twj^hc eonwcutiii; nionilily nitnihorii 
A complt^te set is now rar^, Qiid ihc periodic:il ih>4^!f li mui-h less known ilian he- 
fir^ bud\ a rccq^iack of purr liicriiiure. It cont^^in'^ three or (our of Ro^sett^a 
fiiiLil poem*: ; a ^n^i munv of Lhftsf* extr^torciinary pieces, ftccpod iji niedira^^I 
Lolortng, NVhieh Mr, WillLcrj Morris n^as to collides in aS^S into hts htwtUhiaK 
volume, f:A\ctl " Thr Defence of Gnen^nerc : " ^lei^izial delightful imwc stories of 
lilL' in rbc Middle Age^ al?rO hy Mr. Morris winch, like ctrt^iin i>ro5e ronmnetis 
hv Mr. lliiriie-Jones, have nc^Mi l^erci publlely cl^iimed or rej^rinled hy their 
unthnr : Tind tint 'j\ little else LhLit ^v:is a^ new LIS iL wi^ nOEubkn A little laJcr 

Mr, Wtlliaiis Morat^s (n^ hoot iv4^ dLdiL-jtud "To my Triend Dsnite Gabriel 



DANTli (3,\IHU£L KOSSETri 21)^ 

Ro^stilti, r^infcr." an<l In jS6o Mr, S^Pirtlnm^t ft>llowed ^-rirli i like itiscription 

of ills hrSE-frtaiEs Isi^ iragjc (iiiin],j yf "The yvi^t-n-MnifitrK. ' Thus in iIk- course 
oi a licilt tiiort Lh.Lih icn jwr?. Ko^sttri h^iii LjLUfmi.- Hil- ctntrc ainl b^i} uf a g^l- 
a.\v cf l:k1i:ii[ iti pcrttiy asul j^juiiin^. tiioiv biilliant |>crhap& than s*nv ii'litcK ius 
i;V42r 34:kl10wl4^lJ^ud \\u^ bfistlicctsL swsty uf any one iLugllshninii oE F>■l]iui^ 

llkii M \Uh ychklc iU\^ wo^iii oul^uic U.Vi\^^v tuitlitngol the ni.it ter. One by c^nc 
lliL- vounjjtT men sLt|i|i<^J ftjrw^nil or\ tht? jiuhlie sl?ht;c and -^cuixlI ihi; [hlnurftts of 
ihc ilisecrnui^^, :incl a^conJfJ llit &low itiijlinnj o( ^4;i]c]^1 n;pLiiHttHjn_ tSiii ifLj^M.iii 
rcmaino^l oi^-jtin^Icly rcclLtse. far prclcrring to !>c l-h^ prtt^fL und toiiit.-,Hiar of 
gijiiiiis to ^tctiny himTi4;lf n |jnh3ie p.iTt. To this LkUTmmaiitin -ic^tml uULwnrd 
thuii;s cujriirt^d ]\\m ^ill furtherr I Ic niarriLLl cjniic tLiHy Ici Hfu : mad hi^i ivlfc, 
wJiL3 wa-s IttfStll 4[l flrtjst of rare, if s«>Tiii;\vii3i x^'tid nntl utiLrjincd rAt^^nt, hurt 
him a so^ t^ho died aL liinlk and then TilUJrEly qtii^v tJii^tl hta^lf. During his 
hricE cniirrkd ntmiihs Ko^seLti had cgllttlcd the MSSh oI hi^ptvean-S .ind ihuHKht 
TO iJiahlkk tltt^iii ; hut viivii !ii; lo^l lii^^ ii-if<-", ii) :l ji^iruxviiiii nf ynef he plje.-d the 
*iln.'t:ti5 of hi^ jJOftns in hti eoflinn imd u^fjiild Iumf no niLjj'4.-' .l s^i^r^^i^tif^n ot pLib- 
licaiion Ijl iSO] !ic pixy^iinal the ^™rM "iih i I'uiy |cLirni:d one! Ii^utiful an- 
iholtNi^'of tJFiy I Lilian |iO(^m-, and ptopotecl :l^ ciutly ds tItJL vt^jr lo |>tini liis 
ori^Enjil ikkiiis. It vims hi*i ^^icmc to iKiniu tii*.- liul*: voIuihl- " D.intu in \'trfj»at 
and ullttir Poi^ms T' hxJl it^Jalne tci n^niimn- vXiu^ut 1S67 iliu st:Uunic ol ]iuh]iu;t- 
lioji flijMin cook iios5iij?ion ijl himn I hai'i^ been told that a sudden ^'iiLimeiu ol 
middle a^c, tht faet tlinU he fiNuml himself an hl^L /onieLh VL^nr. k^l Iklm to eun- 
i|ult fiis i^eriEj^k^ anil hn^LK^ jmn^c his picuc^ Itiit U^ iva'n vin^itLirly r.istidi- 
ous ; the ar^tn;;ement ii'^aukd ncVL-r pli^.ise lihn [ the eo^er inuht ]pl- cut in hrass, 
the |>a|wr at the sidf;^ inu^t hear a siii^ci^l dij^iyn. Tliei:;e niceiie-^ wcvc rarer 
t^\^;lve ^"car5 ago [lian the^" ni^* t\^\.\\ a^id the jprinci^rs faii^jLLcd him ^vilh I lie ir per- 
f^i^lc'iat ch^ti^iaeyr It ^v,h;^ n^^t till earh^ in 1370 tlia[ lltt- " I'ueins " in Kttitely form 
hrit ajipcart."d, :csitl ^h^ere liiilcil xviih :L --hoLii of ndmir.ition whieh was praetically 
tinlvcrsnl. 

Jt Ulc!? abouC ChHsln^s in tUjt s.nne yizar e^^o, that lie ^i^ho Kriti:s ihc^rC 
lines s^'^Ti fir^i prt^c^nted 10 (iaL>r>_-l Ros^t^ttL 'i'fic impression oti my nientfd eye 
ja IS frtsh as it it hiiil fjc?en made yirsterdaVk insttad 0I twclxx yftir^ a^r lie 
U'J"^ u tnan of a^'ti-a^t fifi;,^hiT commonly Ifposcly ela^L in black, wi as to y;ive tppc 
winctiiLn^ of [hi: thotiun o! an ablx, [he lic^ad v^ty full, and iLomed like that <>t 
■Sliaktispeare, as it ivas then uiitial |o say^^lo my Lhinkiii/: m^tre like l-haL <jf Chau- 
cer— in any ca^ a head surchat^t^d xvilh i machination and [wwern strongly Fialinn 
in eoltiT ancJ ease. The eyes were exce^dinyly dcL^p !ieCf in eavcrnoui ^^^k^^; 
thL^y were Inline, and hhtck. and full of a restkss hrillianee, a piL^misj; quality 
whiuh eoj^^led tlie ■v^ly novice by aiot being iLj(ioniiryr Lffiitb% a voice of belt- 
like tone and sc^norityr 'a lOiee eapable of expres^nj^ ^vithoui. effort every shade 
of emotion Jrom tage and terror lo tln^ mobX sicblime tenJernuss, I have never 
ht^.tnL a ^otce so fitted for pi^etieal eJEeer, so ihufcrly intLjginarivci, ami yetn in \xa 
absence of riietoilcn so elear jnd t^mlous, n^ thi:it of Gabriel l^ss^ilti I rctsifl 
one sj^eciaJ memoty of his I'eadin^ in hlf o^ti studio the unlinislic^d MS. of 



^'■= 



''Rose Msl^^** "^ "S;^, ^^hkh ^urpasstd Ift ibis dtrcctioti :tnv jtleu^^rc ^vhlcb it 
has UtNi my lot lo i^nj^Ny ■ and on vsuiuu^ uc-CLisinn^ I Nnvt lisLtiurd tij his rc;;itl- 
ing of >otiLiut:^ hi-^ oi^'n aiici thtwe c^[ oiHlts, uJrK Li -^^iiiwr Hint his [rLi&]i4t[on ii.^- 
scaled ii lit^kily In ilic^ ft?rni tyf eh^f spL:t;iL-i of h4.TiC ^vIiIlIj it l].iJ never bt-Ln sticn 
tfN (HiHt-^ licrore. I hiivt -[lri;[L[|y ^jioUlii cif lii^ woiickiful ctJurUincH lo u new 
;ic<|iMiintHiiic4.-. liw Iw-'witiiliiii^ nir o( ^ympjil^)- ; cm fi clostr imimtwy this siairclv 
tiinnmir ^muld fxrii^kk ii|> iiuij ^h iki <its of mirth, nnJ anv yhijtuli af liossftii wouUI 
k' hn;om]^leftr LhsL[ dfd nui iTls^ltjIil' hi^ foud and hifettious Uu^Fhtcr. lie Ilvl^I 
ktfr mudi ,iprirT from ihc tifmday hfc oJ anankintl, nor ii^njatiacioiisj^, btii Irwn 
n ^^-miinr l^iuk of ink-rvst in [KWiihE cvait-. An c^lrl frimd [c:lk mc th:it -lurmy 
Ihc I'ri-ikch U4:v<>lnTLon lu- hiinii intu Rt3s.eui=, >LULiJM ^vitli [hf irtunrdUiln. hl^^s 
■'I;oMis-PUllijH>t: hits landed i^i llnjiliind 3" ■' Hsji he?' s,iiJ licfs^uiL, i:Am]\\ 
" AVfuL hiy; fiL- mm\t: for ? " That wrtatn ]>oJiiicat events, tn wfnc<i hi: syiv :i j^rtjll 
5ymJniliL^^igTHftcsinci", c-jufd hich^4: hitu rkv|i]y, is tw^iW imnvcfl fjr sui^h r^iintis 
a^^thi- nohk^ "On tlhr ktifusal uf Aia l^t-hvcLit Naiiuns," intd " LVir Ali^sanilvr 
IJ." liui suchgUntX:s olilU wuacLiw jiuo iho living £tm;t wrrc i.nv, ninJ Eurm^jd 
no charictcristig |Kirt of liis schiiim? o( lift. ^' " - ' ^ - 

A-^ a pcjel in tlii^- great ycskn; ht posTtcssed rare glfr^ of pa*rfton;iit uuefuncc, 
^>d harmony of visij^n nnil t-'tprt^-^lon. Mr. Sivinlmrnf h.^ ci]nractt-ri.tt^d rbc5c 
qunlitir]:!! in ^h'ortlj; whjch Ica^-t ito Ijil-j i-onmicnutor tho ehnntt: u[ ^IKtingLiliihinH 
himself. But tl ^Quld be toially ntiju^L, ii\-c\} in so cnisorv and pcrrsonal i sk^^tch 
as tlih, to jlt™- the iinprussbou iu gu nncli^pnud thsti Ro^M^iii pi^fiTfwl the ex- 
tcrn;J fo]m to iftL^ inM'ikvd subRLattLi: t^f ]jciem-. Thh lIijuj^l- ^in.^ Jm>icf;ht a^in^ 
bitUf ji:^ it ha.'L'zEJh^My'i Lf^rt hrou^ltt n^^iin^r c^imcSt studtNits of jjoi-cic yrt. ] \v\]\ 
Whcr quoiu j ftw ^vor^s from a Icric-r caf Kos^cLli to mi.-, wciutn iji i$j^^ ^vln^n 
he was cDiniJChianp hk own wri^^^wj -?/w of " Hose Mjry/' 1 Ii.lvl- Atvaxs felt 
ihcm to be I'L^LT salutnryH ntmc tlnj los-^ Iil-c^^iu^- it iv obvious thai tht wriUT did 
not &c i^il timcH ccNn^ri^-r^ \jt pL-vha|>s dcslrtr, to lu.iti" thoin traf iii his ^>w\^ work : 
"It s^-^ms to mt: that i4l! poitry, to h*.- rc^tlly c:ndurinn, is hiiund ;ch hti as 
rtttf Ww^ (howei LT irlxiji ihc \mrd tnav ^und> a^ any othtr class of lUcniturc; 
and i diy n<^t think ihat trtiiNugh HiniLL-^inf^ni t*j hLcjh It jijivt.^ tan uvcr In: ^tJt kiut 
of incidt!nt^ not amounlbiE fo t:vmts or om of ir.iullirii! tsiicrioncts of sn Ut- 
diniiry kind hn\vt^'rr :t|ffttyEiU\ ol^scrvantiy, or i^xtii iliMiijrhlEullv tr^ate^L I 
ivotdd Ly^hc-w in uritiit)^ jd| iht-nu^ tbatarL- not .so trmthantly indJ^iduali^^Ld a& 
to kvi^t no m^irGin ftT dlsj^unii^^iincss." 

DunnjK ihi: litst tHyht ycacs of his life, Rosseltt^s ^vhoh- bcmg xvns cloudud by 
th*.^ t(.'r[-ihk curse of nn txcitjhlt- r£:ni|>t]ami5nt— slecplcsjfftcss H'^ovcrcoine this 
tnuj-ny, which intctfcr^d \vith h^ |H^^l^■r5 of worfe and ct^nL-i^iumtion of thotc^htn 
Kc ac^L-pli^d [hj: tt^^aeheroLis afd of tht: nciv dnj^r, cJ]lor.il, ivhlt:h M'^ti Then snuntcd 
as perfectly he.milcss in ]t^ *:lTLtt tipcm (bt.- htalih. Th^- dosts of chhatnl b^catn^ 
iflore and mote tleccKiiy to him^ and I anj told thrit at bst they l^i^^L^nne so frt- 
4u<rnt and esncssivt that no i:nw has Ix-cn rucqfd^d in the ininiils of meriici]ic tn 
u'hich one jsatitnt hjis tak-^n so miLchr or even half so niucii^ chloral as kossetti 
look, Untbr this lii^ivholt-^int ^w^ hi-* cctn^litutEonn origiFJslly a jna^^nilicent 



one, slipped tmcfin^iciou^h' inrtj dvcd\\ the niofc -^taUhily rhnt the pois^^n ^t^niL-d 

unsit phyiitil ftjstt.^ ijilrii hini -, lie wr^>it briHi.milv Ti^ I he Vi:ry Jasf, ant! twt? sah- 
deti dti^tsucd hj* hini on his dczalii-Led art de^HbcJ ta ntc as lici]>g cnciiv^h" 
warlliy ul liis [mturc po^^cn?. TliL^it is foi^^thin;^ laliiicwT ifltl-incjliolv in 5Lich a 
|pn>H:if of the au[ionc>r ^'ttjiity ■>( iUl- tirJin. Jl" thu mind ImL ^hnrt^l th<; ^vcakiitss 
fjf the hod/n ihe [n^idious cm-jti^ n^iKliE |^t^^h,lJ^^ U3.vti Ih^ch ruiiiL-i! hi limc to ao 
curi: lhe?diis[k rdicjunJ ul batk UuL whj.]i Lim diloi^l w^ ^tutiU/ rncl nt lasi, 
it ^^lIs too late. 

Sn at tht? HE* of rTflv-four wc hnvt h^ a mnn wh<jni wn- hIiuuM h^vt rctahicJ. 
m tht natuTL' of thinjj^s, foe t^^onty \m±w^ hmK^r In ilit fiJiiiiiLtuilL^ c^f hi^ ^]cp^lxrs 
hu[ for^ mktikr in Kyi^ii^iit?— n pujttliul tSliL-rinlvm. Wis work fjf hispirlne i'n: 
younfin "f ]imjccfintr hi? Ikry un^aiinlity aloit^r thi- \Tin?i of mtit^rj, iris ])Lrh;fp5 
cnmplttcd ^ Jt is dcruhtrnl whtihiv ihisi t^m qvcr he eoiuiuu^d with .Ldv.inL:tt.^ 
tlm^tij^h EniTJR- th;in t^vo g^^nrmtiun^ The proplitl i^ npt ar lasr ii? htrttnn*^ a 
ijrjiit. jaiil (rt^Fll [lii^ iU :i|iihEiico^i^ ki.i^.'rciii xvui !i|jjirttL Bdt iIktc w.is no rta- 
Stfn why ht shoitltl nar^ for nt least a --Kort: of ycari, h^vc prrKluued noiilL^ jhi4]iLjr4:s 
ancJ htti't ii'ritCLTi por^'Qus pfitmSp cin]hh:Li5hzin};n jH^T^onAl TiUcocss^vhlch he w<juld 
hsLx-u u^ti-'iidi-d, iliiHij;li hi: hhi^dly could hai^t: rabAid it. Vet In," xh.is nilv^ays n tiitl- 
^tLJioly julics : of l.ni: yc-irs lit hml licconic almu-^t .1 "^jlitL^n^ rfl-m. I^jkc Chiirk'^s 
of Austfij. ]ic l]dEc1 Lli->lj.]n<Lu^l ln> ^lody-g:ua^i. and lud r-^cln^d tu th^^ L:lois[tr 
Perhaps a. lon^^i^r lifi.* wouid nol h^\'^ hrotit/ht mui_li enjoymtinl with it. But 
thcifc asT? idle ib^K-f-uhtif^n^. and wc havx rnlhtr to call 10 aici renicrnl>rJTici; ihe 
fuel ifiJt one of iJii: briHhie*^t jnd niust di^Eluji^Lti^hed fjf iiui i-h-jl- .1 ninn wfioie 
\'<i\y ej^iscLznce wjs a prnte^t against nart■^^wnl:s■5 of iilni anJ k■Lll]i^^LL^^ qc pjrpci^c^n 
one of the grt^ai torch-hearers in the proc^jTwioit of EngliJi artn has liecrn cnUtd 
from ui ii] thu jNfimi^ of lift, I^Fore the full s-ipnili^iance uf his ^<:iilus h.id butn 
pro|Hir!y fi'l[. I le was. the L€m^c:Fnp^^r■ln' of Kinie niiahty namci older thnn his, 
>Tjt Ltieii; jjH:jrixly was to In- found nnion^ ihcw ail a sptiil moru thorou(^|]Ly orie- 
inal p and sitwW, wlii^n the |>-ihn- tonl^i^^ls of jTassing tastt: ari: Liid 10 rest for- 
tvc^^ it will 1^^ found thtir thi^ man ha^ Mntlen his signaLure indirlihiy on out of 
ilw* prfiicspal pjgts of the reyibttr oi tiur inccUectual hiiitory. 




^/j^ 



V,-. - 



^xl^ 



ARTISTS AN[) AUTHORS 



GUSTAVt: nORIi* 




I 



■T isairjw ckvcti \^3r^ Since This- 
av4^ Dore^ died He ^vsf^ an 

c>flii:cr ^i lilt Lc^iijsi iif ll4>i]or, 

^y. His iinmi; Wi^^ .l Ihrju^lu^ld 
^Trtrcl ill iwo tronciinnns. Vl-c lie 
dit^J rt ilisap]inmu:d .ind u»il>it- 
i*:r4:d hinn, nnft i^ |>rDcLLL]nc:il hr 
his frlc^nd'; a^ a [icgk^jlccl -M\\.i 

1^[ioiin [h*! ^vfjria oi^ r Li^ Tlie most 
astonishingly |>rcjlj[ic illuslrati:ir of 
books tim ^lflJ cvtr Jh^^^; lie 
wijfhtd lo Ik kni^Y^ n in l'riin*:cas 
a ji^rL^l i^Jicitt-r mid H crcLiL w:ul|j- 
tor, mid Ik-c.lusc iht^ anias ami 
cntics of Fnnitrc tiei'cx ^riouslv 
ri^ci^nEZi^tl fiis d.ilnis Icj thkylrtry, 
he :fl:eTns tJj li^ive Ik-troane a ^^ictlm 
tif the niani^ ol pecstoultcni, nnd h[s nattinilly ^mmy iintuR- was over-tloudL-J 
w[t1i [noio^nes^ Hind su^pitum. I Uikd l^y soacii: a? lUt"^ cniubior ^nd et]LMf uf 
rh^^ ^riMl Jii^nios of tf^r It.iltjn Rciti^l^^^ncL^, niid doi]SitLt:FxvL n grcnit mural fotLC 
7— n ^'prcLitliur i^iinler " -Ihv olliers lie lut^ hqiin dt^nfnj]ic;*!d .k-^ " dcHignt-T in uljiuf 
lo the tlirvil/' ^nul tk^tiihttl lLS a man walloM^lnc iii isH Touhiti^i .md liorror. ii soit 
of demon vi {rijjlirfiil po'sVLir. lioih tfiese extti^int Jnf([;pnt:nt^" are Jvn=;lisl3. 
TPi? IeiEct Ulan^liai'il J(^n~<i]d, an iiitiniiiitf friend :\t^il colhihomlor of ihc nrtisE^ 
uke:^ the Hr^l vk-u'. ^Ir. I^iiskin anil ^L^. llaiiicrtoii luvc itikt^n the i^ceond. 
Dnres <UV3^ count rj'Etitn |ia\T iiuver nc^iepU'd J_'i[her. Jii^t whr]v, ULit^i'ten thtmp 
the truth IJl^ ;is ^ic see it, ivt: slialL c:ndt.M^^<is" Eo sJiow i^i LJtjs aftklci 

The iti-iin faeC^ nl Dfirc'i; life may l^c di5niiss4.'d v^try brienjH He ^VjIs Iwrn 
with a catLl on jLiriuary 6, iS^a, hi lln- Kut: lileiw at SLrLi^ilionfH^ n^jsir the (^athe- 
dnil- A1h]Uc eS.ii hill f-itliL-r rtrtigviu! to Ikmrg, in ihe l>j|5artmcn[ of Aid, 
Aihcce he wjs chief f^^^vrnJUent ciiginea' of tJit: dc|>artnimih Thej^e t\yt> rrai- 
dn^nccsuf thii young uriUi nfcfe JiUj^p^wcd tn nceniint for i|ic niiii^Lt:!/ of Goilut 



r^ ' 



GISTAVE nORE li^H] 

ardiitecturc mitl ot mountoin ^ttuLRr wliiuli Im :idmircrs lind in bi-^ maturL^ wcrl: 
He shfl^^d Very i^arlv in [\(^ J i^JSitkHri (ur ilrftwiug, ;indr aji ^i snijll i^hilrl. h^J 
al^^nivs a [icJiL^i! in Iiil^ hnind. whltrli lie liui^tJ £t> have; ^'ilinrpi^LiLHl .ll hoTli osicls," 
lliat he ii^iulic wovk ]im^t wtihraiLt inctJiTLLption. lijs ftulitr irL|L:nd£:iJ hiiii for 
^n cn^inct^ liur he ^vj^ deicrmii^til irnm the hr^t tn lie an nrtiit He wm of .i 
pay 4nul jo^'inl ilis|KJSilion, givuii Ui pniEikn nntl jiructic^l jotcs. -int! of :ni nthletic 
tcaHiK-riiniLjnL Th^i^philc G.iuticr afit-rwnrd rallied hicii n "gin^iu ^It^ i^-iitic. " 
In [^47. wliHjii ht.^ ^N-:W tittccn yijare oUI, iK'ifj^ in l^niri-i u-iih lii^ |>,lrtncs^ he tilled 
ti|>ost Phil]L|>LDon, the imblii-hcr, and shwxt! him rami; u| his ste^fhii-^ M. Philhp- 
pftn [ookt^L .It llicni, jinJ ^ent .i IcltLT ifp Df>r^'ii |jiirtiu-i ]Mjriiiiii(liiiy [1]h-™ [o nilh^^v 
the lnjv [o L'^niiiirt in Pnrit^ :iiiJ promi^iriti tPircn tu lie^^in usiilh his w^ork M j^nCf 
mni tc5 pi^' ri3T- it- Thits. ivitliout ficiy ^LtiUy oJ ^n wlj^tCL-vor^ In: heg=in tais ei^tter, 
ami in a ft^^^ ^ezirs h^^l i^ioriuccd a ptPtliHloit? qu:nitiu-of work^ ^nld vvn^ a eeit^ 
bnttyL man heft>fe hi! was twciitn No one knoii^lkaw ni:Lny drauinc^ he nViJen 
Hu ^lived Like Lin Anh/' xvorkjjti t-z^rly .iiid hitc^ and wilh a^tonishjnsr npldiiy 
Tn.Ltie tliou^nd^ of dr.i^vjiii^-^ ^■'^^ llii-^ t^aniii; |Kti>ei"5, hcsitk-s early ln^EhuniiL' die 
puhlitation ^r imlepenclent JKit^k^. Om: L-^iimjle^ whidi Mr. jrrrijld thinks L^t- 
cmssvCh credit-^ hlni ivttli h.iving )jML!ishctl foicy thou^nnd druwinjis befort^ he wag 
f*>rtifl Ml lerxolJ himscir reckons two hutadn.c] and 51x1^-^;^ drfi^vinjii Jone 
hi unt vt^ir. His '' Lilnjr^nr Il^-rculrs" was hfoni;1ir out in iK,i&, when he was 
sisucn, and Ifefore he- \v^5 iwL-nty-^-^tai lie h.ul puh1i^|it^| hi*i " I l-ply Kus^ia," 
hi^ "Wandering [civ," hi^ ilhi^LCition^ Lo Baliesic's "Conies Dial-iiit[ui?^;' to 
RabckiiP, -xud inanv oiher mi^hars. flii Ul^i work w^^ done ^e an .icre when 
mc>*it 5hrlE^[S nr-t |jaEnfiilly tLOt|uirirtg th^; rLidiinornLs ot their arl. A^'e .ill know the 
hi^fhk^ ibat foUct^veJ. 

Meanwhile be ^va^ Jccurniiaieit to liir hiiown a."? :i great |>ainter. Lind^ while 
ft^jodidg rtic niajkt^t wiih his ijounLlc^s 11 lii&t rations. Wsis woi'hhig al gicat cnv 
Vflses of lliMical suhjtct^, whtchf thoupih fhe French wc^nld ncjt accoj>t theiUh 
were hu^lv admiral in the Dun^ <inllQrty of London, l-jier he tried -iailpturt 
nljiQ. niiJ Ins last wi-nk w.ii a inordUmt'nt to v\leMin*lre Dmna^ ^vliieh he inaile al 
hiii uwii expcnsen nnd pft^^ented eo llit: city ol J^nris lEe ditil In the btsinnmE 
of the ^ear i^j, svorn ont with o,\ce5«vc prcxluutiyn — =fc ^rtai nainCk liut ^n nn^ 
^-iii^liud En^n. 

Mr. Ji,TTri]d ha^ divided liis hotfk intn twn j^arf^, deatin-; first with TJrtr<^ the 
jllustEatai, and thi^n with Dure tliLr painter rtnd T^id|HOr. It \s an cniint^ntly naL- 
ural arningenieni, Jnd, in our tIToit TO orrivi; at Pfire^'^ true position in Jrtt ^^'^ 
Esinnot do hettcr thnn to foLlow ]t, 

YM^f^'^ ciirlie^t work ^vas fnnikly tltat of a cariL-^litri^tH I \<^ had n i^utuk uye^ 
no tr^ininy, :ind n certain extniVnigiLint hnacinatioii. and caricature xvjs his intvi- 
uhle lieldn He wasn ho^veveTn as Mr. JeiTnlfl filn^^lf teEnaEt?, "a ticricatuEia 
\^'ho seldom ElUsi.^ a lautrh/' Not humy ftin, --Lill L -^ ilelieate hiimoE. WhIs iii,^ 
3n the hiehi V qualities of caritalLjTe hi-^ eunTeanpurarJcs, Daunsitr and Gavsmi, 
wtrc ;'jseK" his supeHors An e^^uliei^Liice of grcfLt!sc|uc faney =iul si rt^klcH-ntss 
of e:iHi££ei^aiiou wen: ins dofliin4ni- notc& His cariicr woik, ujj to and iiicludmH 



kT.^ 



^ 



BOO ARTISTS A«J1 AUrilORS 

the Rj!jd,ii^ h ijnr i-4.[jlly fiEnnv— lo m.my mtmh ii js even |>j»nfiil— Iji^i n i? 
uiiniisiulijJily iijriciiliiru uf u (Lushing, savigc -wl. 'In rtur minri it rec^i^ins liig 
boiii rt'uil:, ^imL ih.it by rtliicli lir; w most likdv tn live. Ai k-.iiH a i*. [lie work 
ili.L[ fijfiriiid him ,iiu[ fixol Jiis chiriicicn-nics, ulhI an ijiidor^iJEi<[iii)r [jf (i i^^ ,:w;cn- 
IjjI m Liny juJgiiiLnt j.f him. Tlic (imlirili jimJ rhclpfccis of Ins [aifi vvork— 
ih.il wliicib i'; iiiu^E prjf'^il uiid musi til,im>'d in hi* [iruriuclicm— ayi- inlicrcrni in 
iht ivnrk uf this pcrlud, nn,| nn^ bcsi i'-.|kliiiii.:d |>v i itfr-rcntt to iht- Imrtr. 

T;>k<:, fur iiiTraiici.-, ivJi.n h.i\ bu-n iltiiHiLiiccii a-i hiii hv: of hurmi^ jinJ nf 
iouriK'^s hisddiKlir in bl^od and iiii,!«itpt. Us K scored for ihi'j-is If h<: hcpc 
one r,r ilin miviirn Frc»<;li school, hL-pinnin^r, ijirli^ij*^ ^^irli Rlm„„i|,, „.h^> ^^a^'lT 
rcvLlffJ m L|]<: itjfisiic |in-=H;nEniioLi oC i:.(ti;i]i i'>ii^ unit I^iiIlt^ ;inil havt mnphi 
lo firu-i-i Uy filter aeiiftiiioiiLiHiiJii ^^'fijc llic^ i-oulcJ not In- l-^'ikIh.'] Jiitin^ ,'[ is 
iurpii'^inj; tliiil JiifLcrill^fl hni-v noM&jn lh:il Dmi:'^ tijiiiW.iu' ^h\ av-s, own lo liio 
end, rfii: l^iHikii oF ,i c-iTlcaiumt. Iliy d^-cifiiiiii-jd [iimk^ckn-cn hi^nd?. &ni[>kinn 
UciTt^ Jirni'Sfiiill li^litirir." ilmucli pfn^L-uicd from [lii;ir Iptulki^ i.rv -iini|Hli' a il4:Uiutli 
of grim UuKfr. TFioit! is ni;\'cr iJk- sfiglirtM nrtnjinfU rci v,-^iVm- i-fTrj.fHt— tmJr 
lo CQ]uey, l>j [lii: ciriciilurist's c:iay;;'ti^lloii, sn iiii-.i of moIos^U* iniirov^ililc 
Olyodihiii^lini-s Oinr may noi ciijoy thl,^ kind of fiin, [n\i to Hike it SL'iioiisjy, 
JlTi llii: <^inan:LFioil of a gloomy ;in<l dinljollu yuiiins, i^ ih^urd. 

The same le^[ h cqu:f]fy tlt^iriictirc of itilh h of jhc |>rairt- D.trC Ix. Kccivc*l 
He i?i consianily iifUfkcn of^ even !>/ sir\-^i>: LTni,.ii nf hi* |>iiHil]ip, api ii jti^jll 11, 
lusiniiorwho idtnlilicil him*^lf wiili iIil' minds ^jf 0[ie hiciiI wrilcr iifKr anotlji^T, 
Hill Dorii idiiiniiled ItiniEcIf itiih in> onu ; hu wim aWnvs Dui6. Eve" in ihc5e 
e-nly dra^vin^^i }it e.iiinoJ T:er:|i w (he s[>iri[ of the tlxt. ihuu-h ihe jRihjocts 
buiied him miiLli IkLjivi' llinn m,»iy Jil- Ei-ii;d l-iler. There h a jfi'cvii <ltj1 i,i iiro^d 
irj>-cty mid "Gallii; h^ii" in the "Conita DrOl!i[i[|i]es," bni ii wns hoe hroad 
enoiiSN for Dort, jud lit !i:ii eonverCcd irs moi^n iiumnn tJiarm^tccs iiiio impussi- 
hle gfUt^ijlHS. 

AnolhLr ihing for wliich Dr>rr: h pmistd k his wonderful nitmon-, Mr. Jt:r- 
rold rcjH^^n^ mocu jhiin ^ni:*! Do'e's j^hravc. " L liavt lot^ nf cnllcHlioii in my 
htj<[," .mil rfcouius how 1,c could secretly be iiidiici^d lo in^kf f^kttciics from 
naiun;, l.uj nliiil uf.on iik mr]nort lit alw Rficika of Dore'i svi^cm of divid- 
ing nnd subilii JdiiiiLT n ^uhjekt, atid noiiiiy the ciciail? in ihcir pljc^, >g that he 
could fiEirodncL ihe ivholu afh nvatrL Thl^ quiftinr of Hurli from mtm&ry is 
oiK of ilio most vitjl for mi unik-rM.iEidin^ or Durt,', .ind one of j;enerj| jnEemc 
in nil m^LClei^ of nrl, ami i? ivurlh a<ii.niiniL Of nctiirsr, n in^n who mjdii liun- 
dredii of ilva^^-ln^^ cvtry ycjir •lauM nul work mutli (nun iiiilnri.'. and came lo rely 
Upon hi* Jiii^mory. liiu wiiaT 11 the nnliicc uf jcil^^iii, mem^rv, and Ikhv dues it 
jiciform its [ask ? M^- ifiink the uurft is. ihric ifie jirtM njio huiiiiUEilly ivorks 
fron) memory, lill:^ in Ms dn-'laik. not from mnjin-^ry nf thi: olijixl, Iml from mum- 
Cry Df ih4^ way hu Iuh formirrly iU'avh hiniilar iili]i.<:K Etc reverts to a series ol 
forniulii. ihiH liL' liai pt;idii:ilh' actnrnnl.iud. This man hukt. iisiic a cloak Tliis 
f&Ehe waynelodk f^ done. A hand ? XoiJiJn^: ciin hi- f j^sii-r : jhr- h:>nd founida 
in ready, llic siotk in liadc of iJw; piufei^ioiwl iliu^rjiij] Jiid t^ritJllurial is 



GLSTAVE VtORt 3V1 

ftiarle up of a tlitmSLicad s^cli Iprniulft— ]iit:rhr]ds of csrprcssion thni cfjnvty iln? 
\dc^ rcadity csicui^zli lu e1ic ^itoo^Lcpr, Imi have \i^ih n^liicion u> fncr. ^o jt ii?tl];ik 
IJortI nii^'Ljr Itarni^U, iih iNc; critt m^u^-, lo d^.L^^^ tit hsit] nl:nlc Car liiiTiM^H n iou 
of iriisEic ^liorLliinidn ^\-liiu4i cii.hhk^d hiiia ld cc^nt'c^ hi& ?upcrR[]un<tnnt idtos 
qiikkly utid x:L!rtain|y to IiIr puMic^ hut hi^i Llrd^vini^ Is ivhdl lit Called mLinncrcd 
In tht- cxtftrmo. It ii^ not n:|>r<.^ernt3i.L0iT of iijLucl^ M nil. but puri.^ f<jrmu|ii hI1i^ 
chit Htr is ^nid to lie a inn^cr of ilm]H;r)\ bui fiL' Hir^'tr Jr^w a iTlngtu Tipkl utjr- 
rcctly. ric is saiti La f^ho^v gr^^at E;iiuw!4.'dj^i^ c^f OothiL iiJL:lill4^[;tuff, but bt i^cvcr 
Jr^^v wcl] Ji siiiglc- i:ulun]n cf fini^iL In hi- lattrr yc^:irs li? siUtlrL^<l annlf^mv \^hh 
jrrc;ti pcrst-^'urancHj, :iiic3 JidvocnittiJ tJK' usjtin^ssity of itifs^Htlon, ^ivlog, " II f:sut 
fcjuncr In main tkdiiiis" (V"c>ii iiixe^C stick yninr hand in II) ; bui ihc siiunflcr xva*f 
formc^l, ;^iid he never rlic^^^ j k^ ^hith ^i hi Mir in iL 

^V^itli th]^ eqitipiiient he ilLr'^nitL-'il Dc^n (j^uixoicn I^jucc^. t|ic BiUlt^ [s II 
afi^ryvc thflt fit sKo^vs no i>yni|>nilLy whli the jr^^^^itl siniplitiLh' uf Djinic^ ttr the 
Subtle Imrrni" of LVrvrinr^^, nnil (li.n '.^^ = m (jnh lj<^ rliiinJifiil t1i]]L he uo^^lt tym- 
pl€;Lct] hi*i prn)ttu-i| i!liirtnittf>in^ CL^ >^lklk1.■^jKll^e? Df^rL^fc titc illu?iioLor, wji^ fc- 
cunJ bcyoHcl prL-otidc-nt, |Jo^^L'S<4!d a certain stmiuc dn^lli^ryn linid li wffndttfnl ilow 
q( Httas. buE Wnt"^ supt-TlicrtJl. tUe^Mi'iCrMl. and jflssnncrcil, and as far fmin tj-ijfnji^sui^ 
i^\ lu>Ftor J-S from e.^prLs^wii; rc^l fuii. \VliHTt shiiH we saj' of Dure ihe pLtiniet 
ami ^ULLlpl-J^ > 

Mr Jtrrokl rt^iMJitv^adf-iiiu^jt^rt l^i-tu'ecn Don: rinil Th^c^philc GaiEli^T, iu i^'fiiuh 
the t-ciles of :kni^L jnd rci^iu nf luu^f^are b^r^ngelyrcvcrwL "G^iiitier and r^jri,"* 
he says, ''disayreud fLind^kmcruialty t^n tKe aim^ anJ methocls <if urrr riainier 
loi^^ii eonvccnci-q, perftLT romi— ilic it^hnic|iu% in shorln of nrt ; ^^h^TLMs Don: con- 
tended tliatarL ^^-hidisaldnislhirt;!, whieli cnnvert^l no idwi, albeit perfect in form 
and coloFp Fiii^^d [he Si^hc^t L|iiii|ity nnd raii>on dctrt of an/' WJtat is plain 
from this is, that (lautier sa^ ixa artisl and t-arcd first of all far nn, while Dnrt 
u^j^ nev45r an arLt&t, pni|K'rly -vpcahiiiff, nt all, flnd ntvcr undt^stoofi ihe ariist'i- 
jin^ion ft>r pL;rfeciion_ To Dori?. t^^hac w«.^ nt."Ct.-isary was itj L%'H:prt^ia him^lf 
flnyhcw — w'ho cart^ii if iht style w:is ik^fcctke. fhe d^awpng bsd. the color Crude r 
The idi:a u'as iIk^ thin;;. His .idmireTS can dL-fend him onli^ ?m this };r0^nd. and 
they adopL oE iicecE^'^ty tlie Philistine i^aliit oF vit^^^'. The artisLs of Dor^'j tinie 
and Country ivcic rcfy ckMr in tlit;ir oplniou. "The paiciten?," iii^ii Mr, jL-nrjlJ. 
^^Siild be could not jiiiint" 

The Si^ulptors admitted lli.it he bad idej^ in his^pup^n hut b^ W4S n^ i^utp^^ 
URsqiht Jli^i friencl*: jirottst iii^Mlii-L ihl-- |UitHinL^nl, and attrcbnic it, ^^t/ fi{i^:ifii?n, 
to " rrtnlevok^ueL^ " .ira^l " L^n^i'." What if ht^ cechilu]Lit w^^ k-« brllllatkt than tJiui 
of rials, tht^y s^iy ^ vvhat IE his ^liado^^j* arc Ic-^ toiispifenl tluin those cif Rem- 
brindt t^ind thty will make no niciner 4:onifur[hOiiW He is "tefmin^^ ^viLh 
nolple tliouj^hts^n" lind these ^^'ill put his work "on a li^^'el vviili ilie FniLsteq^ieces cjf 
tin: Icaltan rnjitersof lIk- ^EM<:entb eentury." It i^ tliu cunetption, theeitalion— 
not rhc perfect t>^int]n^' of le,:^ 3nd amis .imL hejds, tlii. Iiarmonions grouping, 
i]\\: happy and deticjti: etmililnation of eniJor— l>y ^vhich the observer \^ held t^pell 
b[)tind All tlicsc qujiltdesj whieh hii; adniircnf g™dgin^]>" admit thfll Dori had 



«0a AKliaiii A.ND AUTHUKS 

not. are classed as "mere dtxl^rily,^ rnd nrc noJ considoriid ivorth a ^coa>d 

Tliis Is the Iruc lilcrfixy fiMjJi;'] uf JrC, Jjut i{ is one lh:\\. nu .irtt^L, and no LrJttt 
wtio hfl5 nny ii uc f(;i;lint; «f firL, has cjvtr ^icct^pCcd or uiJL evur Liccepi. Thou;;htST 
ideas, c-onecptions, may i^Lihanctj the v.ilut of a wrut fi[ ait, provided it is Cri o( 
alia pitc^ of Ivijoutiful ?ti in tiSL-lf, Uui. ihey l^a^'t ]^L:^^er ]>n-^LT^ crl, and nci^c;r will 
preserve Irucn tjlilii'iuit b-id [^-liiuitig or LiiJ jiL^Lilpiurt^H 'J ItL.^ sLjL is thc^ciiii, it 
iicjt tisc rtirtn i and of lltL^ [^t'o, bLMutiful i^-tijuing vr\\h no idea at all {yntntiui;, for 
iht sake of urgiJrtit^iUH lIul k t-^kts), will ever l]C inlinitelv more valuable lo the 
world ihm ilit Initio k*spiL:&sicni of lUc pohltr^L thoti-j^hts- ^Vhat m^y 1m: the ]cal 
Wile of Ootc^^s ib^Lij^lii:^ IS tlterofofL^a qnu^tlon \\'\i\\ which wu h]|^e iio conecrn. 
A^ [i.iintL^r anU i^L^ulpior^ his hck of crducvition aud his gfL'JL iL^hiiicul itnjierfec- 
tltiiib^SLS lud driwiuiTi f^lse light and shade, and crude colur — relegate lijm lor*- 
ei'ct m a rank" far U^loiv inLdiocrlry. Such rejautaliou 3s lit ha^ is the rcsyU of 
rhc ndniintLGn of thone altogethc] ignor^tuE of Litt, but ];o^s4.'^ed of L!tiou;;h lilcr- 
nry ability to trum]}L:t abro.id llnuir praii^^s of ^'great t:oiieupliou^" and will as 
:£iR]y fade away to iiothing as tlie reputaiioi] of siiuli Etniple |>ainttis a^ \'an 
Der Meer or Chardin ^lil CoiiEiiiue Eo ^ro\v, while painting as an an j? ]oi'<:d 
nnd undersuod- 



COMFOSEES 



HANDliL 

Knhtit Fkt^r>]:sr<:K HA^ot.tT of uhOfn I^nydn once rc^Trently siict 

^y*^ " Uc is ifit nifljaer of lU ^!l," ivlis hurn nt IkiHup in Lower Sasony, 
_^ ^^;*l:^ ]!;;■ tiJi I'L^lariiftij" £3. i6&5, Ui;^ fjlher Vsis a tiui_£fcoii, and siMy-thrce 
T^,^N^2<%^ vearj of ag4i at i.li£ time of hih Uinh— ^ teanbly severe eld man^ 
*v^:^:VSLViJ ;vlto, alinuiil bLfor4i his ysil ivas Inirri, hrtd dutennined thai he :ihould 
be a Il1w\i^j". Ihu little chifd knt^w nothing of ijic (jite before hin], he only 
found that he \va^ nt;ver alloivod to l^j nc^r a inu-oiei^] hiStrun^eiUn jmidi fis he 
v^antc^d to hi:ar its s^veot sotinds^ and tht: oh^iinatc- fi^liier even tor^k liini uw.iy 
Irom tliiL public day'SchooL for thc^ simple it^sison thiu tiie nittsica] j^atimt \v^j 
li^u^ht ther<f in additioii to ordinary readin^^ ^vricitig, and arithtneEiCr 

IJut loi^c always ''finds out the way/' and h[^ tnotht^r or t^ur^e ntjnsf^ to 
pmcure Iqt lum the forludilL-n dcjLights ; a smalL elavielioivT, or ducnb spin^E, ivith 
^it! ^^Ering^ covered with strips of ulolh to deaden ih\i ^ound. u'as found fot [he 




Child, and iliii lie u^fl lo ticcp hTcJikn in rhc ^nTrei, fretpins ^w.iy lu plav ii ii> 

lln: nicfiMiiiif, wli^n i:i'vrynrn: w.is jslcvii, or ^vhi^iu-i-ct liis fnihcr was j^^-^ fiuin 
linriLL' ilimuEiibt' his luiitnK 

Hlh. pi Ij.'ii. when tKVHgc FctiaLri^k h'±s ^cvcn yuurs uf a,-.: rhr fnl-l niLitt wjis 

coinpL-l]<!il til cli.iii;!^ Itj:^ I'itii's. Il hnppciicil In (hiii 

Wjy. l-}i: ^Cl "UX Liin; ilily rm n ^'isic lit ihi: cuurl "f (111.' 

Dukr: of ^i?ic-VVcis5cnJcK wIiltl- jihuIk't suii |i^' u 

CorniLT mjrriiijic sfiifi Ji pnge Gutuyi: Fitdnrjck lijd 

bcii'ii ii-j^i]^; hi^ (aihtr lo Lun lilni yo ,vjili lii^i m pioe 

h\5i cldiT (iiinhiT, i.^'|iiiiii fii- liad hot yc[ nli-i, but drii 

was ivfiJM.I, When g|il K^nild ^CirJird liv rhc i^tJp-c. 

CDiicS llif iii'M Hiomin;!, ilii; fjiTsisttiu liErl^: t>A\tt\\- w.ts 

oil ilic v':iicii 1 he licgnii nunijiii; j([l'e i[, nnd nl Icnjiih 

[he fniluT was i^unjiiaincd m scop l^ll? oono]] iijid mkc 

the Imy in. Su, ihou^li ai ilic i-sii^^-nx' nf ,1 wji-cit 

^oMin^, lliuL-hiCd Eidil lii'^ hmv ;nul ":Ls;illcn\'td i,>;;.j-in 

I" Sp>;i--\VtiE^iifi-k Wlini rliL'CL', rhr th-fju'l, iL-ii|t lire 

iMiiuififul orp:.in» xv,i3 ihi.- pj:i;,Ti ^utiiiLilon, unJ Gruijit- Fwdi^ricl;, 35 fn<l[HiiTinli|tf 

rliLna'i Iicw,i^ in .ifur-hfe, E<^und liis luy inio the otj,niik Jufl, unit nhcn (Ik rL^nlar 

^Tvit-L- WM r-i-ur, ciinifivL-il tu uki' rliL uiKuni-vi's pl.itv, sind k'^jn ., iii-iforniinni; 

of ]ii^ Liwii r jnd ^rr.iniii^ i" ^^^ly, [h^ut:li he hiid iiui h,id lIk' ^li^lllL■.vl ir^inlnp, a 

me!udj unh eh^mls ajid rhe t«rrcci Jiitmonitii wa*, hi.;inl. The duke hail nuL left 

Ihc ch.ipii sinil iiiHMng the diircrentc in siiU' fTomili^c or [he ordinjn- ursjni'.i, 

inquired ;f« lo ihe pbyijr, and wh,n thu lilrle Imv wpj frnjujilic I,- Ninj he ^hjh d]^ 

CH>vi;rcil. l>y ihC'[ue&!ioii&]iL[im, [h,.-yicai iasii'„> k.t m»•^^L■ v,\\ich p.-y^'^^^-d [jje 

child. Ihu Jnkt. jf iicnsiltie in;in, lold iIil- father il vuuM lie wronj: ru o|>|Hf>i: i|,e 

inclin.iiiiiTi o( a boy whn jlreiidi' riwplnyed sneh lixiraonljiiai v ^enfu? ; and old 

lIsindcLH^irhuronnneH, or ,i[ imyiaty suhmliclni! lo ihednkcii ndi-ice, pimni'eil 

loprocmt forhj^ Sinir^-giilariiiiisiLal iiislruinenr^ Handel nercrarimvanf Wur 

lhcde3.tpfp-Jlllud,.-hep^^'ed[OLh■:D^^kcofS:^u.\V,i^^tllrd.f^|^^hiiilllcrc^■^ion 
On hi'^ retucii 10 r Salic Jit kcanic ifie |iu[iil <if Zachiiti, the n^iyjoi'i nf ihe 

ca^cflln] [hero. Thi', nun ^\\k ;m in^elleni rtnelur .md a wun.l nimidjn it?, 
fore the pupil i\M« nini^ ycnn ol,l hh in^irucirtr n-^ d tL> ^ei lilm [i> wrice fnym's 
mid ^l^>lel-> ii^ e.^cn.-i'^r,, md ln-fon- kiiiy ihc Im, wa^ ,ilkn\'eil K- pLu' ihe -^rgun 
fll rlie CJlliwIral jer\ fLtv; .,^^ Sumlav, rtheniM-er llic vlder inui.lci;in was inclinrd lo 
linf-et iiv< r his brejkdivt or tu lake a liuli-lny. At i:w[, when Voiinii Hjndvl waf 
nine yejici nld. the niiifltr honc^ilv confe'^ed thai hU pufiif'knew nir>rt' music 
rh:in he hiiiisn^lf did, hukI ad^isud ilui he should h\=-A-at 10 fierlin (^ir d cuirfscof 
further ^mdy ilivn;. Thiiher he acL.x.riliiiyly ■vent In ificyt:ir ibtfi. 

In licrJin lliL^ lnjy of eleven ycvirs wj.>^ijdfn T'e'ibjiii-^'d iis a firudijjv. Tijerc 
liemei [H'u haliiin cuinpo^f^ni of e^iahliMied repurail.pn. ISonmiLinl mid Acilfjo 
Aiiosii, baih of ivlinni fur ii-as lo cnc^sunlcr in ;ifuT-IJft. [hi>u^li under very dif- 
ferent clrcuininuncus, in Luiidini. iSononcini, wIhp w,ii nE a 5oui ^nd jeulous dls- 
posiiion, won cone<'ivL'd a dislike for ilie gificd licilc feJlcrtv, and ^tieinpic^l lu 



Tirn. 



^ ARTISIS -AND ALTUORSi 

injure hrnl hy compo^ini; n ]5icw Eor t!s*i hir|}^iH:hor'<l fjll ^f ihe mfKt Mtraordt^ 

iiLiLj- jlifiitukiL^ H^nci ilu-n asktng hicn to itLiy it ot wght. Tht \>o\\ hov■cvl:T^ at 
acicc u.\tMUi*;d it witKuui :l fiiLstakCn -inJ iltuii rlii." mnfitiotis ^lituncr w;i!3 (oiltrtl 
hv his OXV11 dcvki'n Atiilio wjj^ c^I j cllffL:rLr«. ilisjwstM^m : lie jiraiscd the young 
tnu^icjEsn w ilie >kits anJ was ntvur ^vtij%" af iiltini; l>y lii-t^nle at tie or^ji: or 
harpstcliyrri, arcd htii^aiiy l>»ii ^m;^^■o^'i^t-^ ior liout^ 1"lic ElL-tiur ut Br^ndLnl^urg 
jhlw fOTK:ci\<.'d a guat ulniiration fgr tlii^ btfVR tLikut^ and wlT*^r*.^d ta htnd hin> 
to luU'^ On oltl 1 [^iLidi^l lnHiiR i,'iin^lii;d, huw4;\T!T, iic plftufc.-d ihat ]n/ h^as no\^ 
an old m-iis. ,iikcl ^vtsknl liia »yn Jo rtm;iiLi nt^nr him. In Ccjai^^Ljucnoi of this 
pndaabh- iimt;fi tii tin-' Imni'* ii!s:ip|>nhiti"fii:ut, ht mc*^ IfrfujghT li-iL-k to 1-liillc, and 
tlii:i^ i=tt to work .i^.iEii U[i<Lt:r liis old ruoiitL^rfc Zii^hjiu 

Sijun iifttr thiirtturii hi> F.klli4;r dicfd, in 1697, [cnivinE kudly anything lor 
^is finiitv, nnd v-oung Hind-:! had now to scriuuily bt^lr himself to inuki^ ^ 
li^iiijr. iVjtl] t3i^ olfjcct lio went to HAtnl>iiiB^ whtrt h^ olitaintd a place jis 
H:i:ond viulin In l-ho: 0|><:ra-hiui*iv. S<Hm LiftL-r anivmg tht^rt. llie |i^Nst nE orgai:- 
ist jt LllU-ck !^c:anu- v.ujiinL, 'A\t<\ I l.indtl u-ias Ji candidaic fur JL Hul ft pcS-^^J- 
iar pmditinn wq^ altiitlicd to (h*: -tLrti^tantx: of \h^ ^jflicx^; the new fli^nisc 
musi EJinrry the d3U;L;litt.T i^ the t>ld onu 1 AntL :*5 Uandct either did ntit :^p 
pi-ov-ii of the \uA\\ flr of m.irrfmortv ficnt^r.illy (and In TlilI h-: nrvt-r ^N?jt^ rnank-ilj, 
hi: ]jrom|Hlv ftiilVi^d trism ihc t:4PiniHilitiun. At lir^t. iiu ono suspc-cjtrd ihc yoittU's 
taicnlx l"r Ik- ^miuwJ himself by jjrctecsding lo ht nn iijnorjmcEs. uciiiJ ort^ day 
the aCcOFnimnyisl on the harpiehottl (then the n]<>"^ Important in^triimctil m an 
orthc-^rn) waii ibsent, and Voun^: il.infkd took liis pkict, astf^ii^lilnj; cvcsyh^idy 
l>y his mii^tnrly iimth. PruKtl^h^ this diiLiH^ri' nronsud the jtHLl<^iii>y of st^nii: of 
his lfr^thersirii*i|B, fur soon afu-fUMrd .t duel took pW-N? between hint and Matli^- 
son, rt tlevtr comjiDaer iind singtr, wh^ one night, Iti the niid^t of 51 quart-el od 
leftvinj! tfip ilacatre, g^\*c lihn ,1 luis on the ear ; m'ords were dra^^^rt, and iIll^ duel 
CLj^pk \y\±Mt} [htru a[iiL tlwn u^^lt:l- thtj ponLL:o of the cluatrc. |'o]tgnately M-ithu- 
son's wirapon ^i-as Shi^-i re^l hi' cumiiii^ its eontact x^ ith :t m^TA bution on his op- 
ponent's eoal. Eapl■llK^t^o^^ WLTC then olTrrtd, :md the iwth :idvLt^3kri<^i ljc*.inne 
friends— indeed, elosc Frknd^—afttr^vard. ■ Ahnlr.i^ Ouuen o| CListlk/ nantrLl's 
ftra apcran wns hroti^lu ^>liL in IJamhing In [703^ mail w.is Eullo^ved by two 
others "Nero," nul Daphnt-." ,ill leeeived with grtPt f-ivtpr, nnd frtxiumtly 
pecformcd, 

iSut the yoLinK lnla^le]SLll diitcrmineil to iisit Italy a-; soon as possible, and 
afitf iiuyinii in Hamburg three ytz^r^ and ha\mg> bc^idis the tnonuy he ^ut Kis 
mother, savijd two liundred tlucaf-n fctr tovellinir <;,^|>tn^s, he w;is able to ^^t^ ^NtT 
On lift; JoLirneyH then one of t]\^ K"-^^ evcnl*i in n niusician's liftMnlc He ililtttl 
Flort^nte, Vi^niee^ l^omi:, and Xflpks, in allnu^t v-Vttj city writinf; opt^ras, ivJneh 
Wc ctre loM ivv]e produced with ihr most brilliant succo^ss. At Venlcu an opera 
^^^ssQut^ht fur froinhim^ rind liMhri^e weet^ hi: had vvittijn ^\\HTTippina/' Wh^n 
pn^Juc:ed4 tins peojjie rcecivcd il with frantic cnthusiiisiii, th^^ (htair*: rt!soLindinjj 
mth shouts of 'Viva il earo Sasa-jni: 1" (Long live the dear S^xon 1 ^ The M^ 
?ov^in|;^n^Ty>llbiitrHitc^ thte^tiaordin^y fimse In: so quiekly act^sl]^t:d in Itah". iW 



^. 




tlJ 

UJ 



O 

u 



lA 



uJ 

a 
z 

I 



amvtNJ lit Venice tUiringihc mldtlk- af thcc^imivilH nnd %^'i^ tflka] ui ,^ mn^kcd 
Ul!I. LUid iliert: [jbyt-clthc liHiT|-Fsic;h^FMl, -^till k^■^-■|lmy ^nn his m:rtk Domtiiicnj Sc-.ir- 
Ltli, Ehu most rj[^H]Uji Ji;iT[>^it;h<ird pLytr c^t his :igt, on h<?.inn^r him, exclaimed, 
"Why-, ifs th*.^ dtjvil, or else: rlie Sa^on wlanm cvctyone is tJiltlnfi ^iJKiutT' l]i 
(709 lie retuniuJ Lu Ihmovci, uiul w.is nppobut! Ijv tlit l^^uzlur Gnj^rgc of 
Hll;lL-.^■.■iiJl;. jriL-f^vjr.l Kill- nl■<^rJv L. or iLrtjil.md, hh Court CrtpcUmcistcr. 

ll.i[iaL-rs w.iniLLL]iL;;-n \yz2M Ucl liini (o RiLLTl.iiid, wNcrt^ In- w.n ircti-:^! vvfih m 
mych Itonuf llt.it Iil- shu^vcd im [;ri-:iT- lun'tj- tci rc^ttmi [o lljn^ntu nn<l, in (acr, 
ht rcnrainfti in l£nj^HLin(L rtiiJ coolly ij^m^vM his im^ <E^uiii-n[ 4-^- ra|h:llmt^istcr* 
But an u^^^wu-d [jicoi of rttrilpui-ch^n ^vn?; .it h.inil. The: Uli^LCcJt- l>( llanovcT, op 
TheclMth of QuHicn Annt. fjirpr (o TlntrLitid :is the ci-:w tin- and Unntlch his 
dclbqticnt CA|>eilmcisti:r. n^^ulA Iwrdly c'Cjitrci to r^^rn'r \Mtv jihan- of tht rovsA 
Tav-or in Tuturc. With ihi-- btlp of u fri<:nd ol liL^, linrrin Kilii3:Lii^t\:k, fic dticr- 
Tnin<:d, lio^^-4:\-ri;r, to make an aucni|H I" couLilinit- thr kinp, and adLiifdinijJy !ic 
^vroK- (^vciity-fivc shori Luiicx^rtCil pit^ts ol nitisi*:, und mad-: arnm^^^mcnr^ for 
thi-sc to l>c pcrrormcd hy Fnu-^i^izins hi a fn>.ic f<j!lruv!ris! ih?^ roviil J>zti)jft on the 
ThiiinKi, mt- d,iy ^vhtn rhi3 kii^^ x^tnt nrt uli txciir-ilcm tij* fhc nvLf Jor .1 picnic- 
Tfic^ killer rtajjrnuH the LomiPO^LT Iil c>nt:^i hy his >itjk, dnd 5|jo<:tf tn irmis &f 
npprijh.iLiian o' rhf niu^[L\ sind tht: ntws ^i^as tguickly conxtVL^I Ijv liJs frcL-nd lo rliij 
an.-iiQUs rnu^ifijn. This i* tliL^ niory o[ rht: origin of ihr l\m)o\}s '' U'jitr Mu^c" 
BoiFti -ifTi-iAiMrd Thf khij^^aliowt^d llandd t(jjp|H.Mt U<zlctre him lo plav Llic han^j- 
chord accoii3|uniinLLU!^ to somr: ^ ocmtas cxecntnd Uy OutiUnhu\, a L:ililirjiTcd hal- 
mn viohiilsi, a]td finjlly peace \n^ tiiadc between iliciti, t l^^ndcl huini; :L|i|joitiicd 
n^uvie-ni.itTtr 10 the n\val children. :lih| j-^oiiving an additional pccisi^nti of /^?oa 
Iti I7;6a |mv:ice Alt of KirliiiniiJLU hVoit ptiSEsCii, rnaklrhg Cieorgc Frt:dcrick lljn- 
dc^E a natitrsdi/tHl En^lf-^hman. 

In the year [;» i numhcr of i^ol^!einc;n formed thtmsL-lvtii into .1 com|>aiiv 
for the purpo^ of tvvi^^ing Italian o^jeni in T,ondoii, at the I l^vinfirkct Theatre, 
tind -tuhHCrihvd a capital of £^0,000. Tlu" kinjj himscff suh^rih^zd ^i.ocOh and 
ado^vcd tln^ society to nik-: the t^atiu- of iliu Itoyal A^jadcmy tjf Mu^ijc, and a!, 
fir^t evLirytlnng stcnied 10 inonai!^ the most brllJtant success, I Lindt;! iva& np- 
iwiiitt-^ riirtctor of the mxisic. Itononiili^i nnd Attilio Ario^ti, lit^ old ^^;<^uai]^^ 
ances in ULrlln, m^r^j also attnuted hv thi^ nt hi- ojKratFL ^Tnlutv to I.ontlan. .nid 
their arfUMi ii-a^ folloxved hv a eotnpetition of ^i vt-n- novvl ehjii^utern llu- Ij- 
hrctto of 11 ne^v opera. -Mu/io Scavola,'' iiis dividcil he(ween the ihtcL: en]n- 
poMrs, Attilio was to puj the hnit act lo musit;, Jiopfpniiiii che ^cond, and 
Handel the third Wc need hardly wonder that thL victon- i^ sjiid to have rested 
with the Ijsl and yountt-^t ftf ihc trir]. althoLtyh m this liffle ihf' ftihals against 
hiniH which -iflerward were ro do htm ^.udi jijiL'^^ous hscin, hsid alu^dy eornnitnccd. 

iJatidel ^till glunp to the o|h!t^iic ^speculation ; and when hf had lo kriic the 
Haymarket Theatre, whieh was ^v\iu up to aiiLither It.alian eonipanv with the 
f^mrtiiB Fariiiclli. from Lin-jolns Inn r-iuhls, undannLedly he tliansFed to \Uc TJn- 
coln^ hm Fields "I'healrc. and Lhere eijimnt-nccd agjtn. More operELi wrre pro- 
duoe<|, with the cjtic unv^ing tale of Liaseo, ^d at \^ in 175;^ Jiavhig lost ihc 




# 



Wa ARTISTS AKIJ AUIHOKS 

11 hole ni hk hflrfllj- rHlrn*:ii mrjiicy^ 1 |jnc!L-t iT^t5 i.f>n]|>o]lcrd to tlc^w the rhcatre, 
^ml H^^nc: Hi.m .ill, Lo su^[K?iiil ijaymcrnl for n tiFnc^ ll:i]>|xily lie iinii^ lumel his 
i.liOUghli> i^^ i>r.UiJTi^>r " ^:nti ■■ iiLitl " Isj-qcl in U^ypl " w-cru <:LHtn[itj^i-LJ jai t|uick 
^^uccirssion : the k-ii fiijfintic ^mrk bc^in^ ^mHtu in iht alinfp^T inL:rL:dibly ^ort 
?|MCc tif iwcnTy-^vpd tlny^ tU^w gt-LMi it is qvcrjon*: nohh? ksHPXvs, hiii. nl the 
lime iKu (jfjlji^ftal L'h^pru^s iivrt stftu^rlly c^iHwderL^I .t yfvJt ch^] U30 hcyvi' ^nf[ 
moi)OL<inoLj^ I :L[ifl lianilL:], likv^ys <|LLk^k in rtsou^ctr. ui Lht: i^rcrm^t pLTEormnnc^c; 

tlic llilfti ]Kjvft>rniatn:t: lIil^ piL-W ^v;is wilhdra^vn Hild^ttlKi". ForTui]3iiL-h\ [jpin- 

ions Il.ivl < :i ljili-^-lI islncc lhcrt_ Th*^sc u'ohks wtjK toiiowfii by h]^ ti\w si-ilinji ^yI 
l>ry\[i.n'^ iid\: on St. Cti:iliA's D.iy/" ^[iih| Mihon's "^ L' AJlL^jro '^ ^md ^' Jl Wfi^^- 
rn-^:" but [i cjinnot bti ^iiUhaC iiib pccunitiry Jll.iifs wcri^ m^UE:uaUy improved hy 
tlit-ir jircjfLuizlioiL 

Ifrt Jirsr |K:j-ft>j-inant-c of his yrL-,i|j:ftt anlorio. tht: " Mi-Hvl.ih," tout p],icc at 
NmI^'s Musk Elall, in Diibliiv nn April iS, 1742. Ji ■ ■ ^ ■ ,m^, ^ipropos 

of tht ahsurdittus uf fu^hioii, it may he nntlcrd th.^t ih^: uiLin-enii^iUi t^n- 

^ai^^3d the Eollnwiny it^qucjit " Thit IsiJit^^ who honor this ptrrforjtiani^c ^liih 
thtir |jrcsciii:c, ^vill Jk; pleased to eoni*; wiihtiui hi5o|>\ ^JS it \vill f;;rcLitly hs^ri^a^ 
Uh eiipriry hy mnkirijr iwini foi more eompuny." Tiajj ^^ark ^vas liloitcuj-tly sue- 
Ctsrrfiil, Af}\i i4cci ivi n- ofitiiiiK-d tin: first djy for the n«l>lin d>aiiiks, HL^mlc-l 
flietn^ EilWfiyii w lij^'H- U.^hI d "-jPL'triLiI ftuliiii^^ wiili re^nird to this Tn-inturpkec ol his 
— ns If i( were tfwj r;iCTu<t lo U" jntivly ust^ for makhij; tnoncv l^i', like his other 
U'cjrki IIl- v^rrv (reiiuc^ntly ^*-sisred at its peFforrci3"i*^c (tir the btntfit of the 
FrauisdIinK ["Ic^pitsil, jind he iefl tht stfirt: iifi .l |jre4_iuu^ pi(t \o ihc covcrnor of 
thjt iiiTiLLULioci. Thill WofIl aloin; hrotight ng U'ii'^ 41 :iurn th-in ^lOnS^g tu the 
funtls ^lf tht ho^^|»Lil_ jn (his Lonnectiun u Hiw saying of hi^ in^iv l>c repeated. 
Lord Kinor^ul Ihid e{?nip|]t^]{^nird him on the nable ''cmtrt^tjninem" which liy 
ih^' '^ Mi^s^iah " ht^ had lately ^rii^eii the tow-n. " Mi- LortJ/' "-^^ifl I Esinflcl, " 1 
ilioiild lir ^ony il I aidy i^juerr^hjueJ them— I ws^li to mjikc [litni betler/' .Vml 
tvhen ?^nvirc>ne ijiLesliom^d luni oci hi^ (jjflin^rs wlion cotiipo^^ini; the "ULLlHLiJnh 
ChorU-*i," he replied in his pecxLjIi.iT KnglJsh, ^^ I did diink 1 did sec atl lie.^\en hc^ 
fijtc nK". and rlie jjrent Cu.l hrc]l^^■]i/' U'liar ,i hn^^ ^iiying that \Vk of fto^jr dd 
<icf]iTrt 111.^ ill de^crJbini^ the ^^ pusiorai ^ynn^hony " hi ihts onilario — "I ti^uld 
S^ the ^nn^r^ ^ihlninj; throujih it T' 

The noiv COrt^lnnl o]stom of cliii uud]en4;e to riie and remain ^Anding duni^^ 
tEie |jcrfur[iiaiiee of tinji ehoncSj \s said to have nrlfFinated in tliF (ollowiny injH' 
nw: Ojl tJio (ir« pr^pduclicm nf the work in Lcjinitu], "tin: niLdieitCH-' ^^'cti: c_v 
ccedin^ly siruok ^^\d AfTtvled hy the niusie in gentnd , h^it when thai ehoru^ 
stnivk upn ■ For iht Lord Gn^ (>inni]>oient' in the ' ] Ulklujah/ ihey were so 
ijun^porrttl thai they all ro;rcil>c;r, ivirh the kiji;; (who happrn^d ro lie present), 
.stariciii up and fcmained s^andici^ lill tin- L:hL>rui kndod" "Tlu^ -niL^edoLe 1 had 
from I^rd Xinnoul.'' ^o ^ai^^ Dr. He jtttL, the once famous |>oc;t, in One ol 

T^ "Messiah " ^va> eommt-iieed oti Au^u^it 22, 1741, Ctii&liLd on Septemljer 



iatH| O^fl thi: f>Tcli*>nnnin]i UlUtL lip tw'O clnj^ arttnvnrd — ihe whale ^t*rt ihu* 
being carts]]lutt J 111 ixvLtny-ilueL dfiyi llpnckl \^^& lifty-siK je^rs qIJ .it the limfc 

TJic M'K\ Wi\ ve+ir-fl of the lift ol the "doliath r>f ^Jusic," as lit hii> Itcn 
calktl, arc aiiarkt^d l>y Hjme faf the inoiit ,^plcnili*I ncliicvcmciits of h!.^ f:ciijus. 
"S^nii^rttt." the " DolihigcM Tc Di^itm," '"Jo-ttph," "■' HdihazKar," "The Oceji- 
sloiisil Ontoi'io," -^Juda^ Mdcc;il>i2u.s" "'Jo-Kjiua," '^ Sybmon," and, "Thtodom/ 
bctnf 4rom[30^i:d by Ikim iluriiiy ihi^^ tinie, ^vJn^n, filT4;advan ohl nmn, it might 
ba^'t> DLZL-ii tiiDu^^lic that he woul^^ luhT taken ii4>tin^ riifjo-ic after the lahr>n; of so 
toilsiDnic and iroullcd j life, liut, r^.iSt-lthc^. ]ii: th-^L* onu t>( tKohc '^^■ho in^cur^ laEt; 
likf Mihon, liis prtaitsr ^vorks wcrt fhosu of hi^ old rtgo, 

Uut n ttrrihliT misEortunc ^^a^ aijproji:hin^— his cyc^JRht was ftilline. Thd 
■'drop wrcne/' fjf wltic;h Milton sjH.ihs so p-LtliLtiLzilly, had UWk^ on his ryes, 
iitd at tht time ^v'ht^n, in rjjhniaiT_ c75Jfc he ivos coiii]>osi!ig his Jnist ivork, " jtph- 
rha" (iht (jnt txmtainine "' Dt\:]?er and Decijcrr Still," ^iid '^Waft h<:T, Anc*^!s '^\ 
the rlTpit in JratEnp xhc lints i>h in the ori^nal MS., ^v^j^ painfultv n|>p^-cnL 
Soan gfcLTWnirLl lie submitted to ihreu opi-rbitioii_Sfc but tlitv N^cre in ^ain, nild 
henct^loi'th nil w^i ccj he dark to liini. Hl^ sole romainln^ w'^ork ^^^as noiv ld inv 
proi-j^ On the o^^an, *inJ lo ]jby nc pcrfornian<:es &f hU OT4irt>nOs. Thert is a 
|uthLti4i j^i^t^- told of nit incident that c]ci:LnTeil on one oL&iiion, \h htn ^'Sani&tft" 
iras fiivea VVhlk the n^nlAijent atr, 

TiM&J^R[|pX £ no »ian, no moon I 

Ati tUl-h, ^matilfic tl^t IJIflK^ uf noon. 
OflurFQUf ]Eyfht 3 DQ Lbc^LrMi}; ray 
To j>Ead fni" cyiiH wuh licEcfinic (tiiy. 
Why thui di^iinvi^ (]■>■ pnirit; (lecrat* 
GuTi^ laiHn^ anij 51:lt£ jtv diuk icr nt^— 

was behigsung hy Qcard, the tenor, thii Mind old mfli^, Sehalcd 3t ttic org^n. waa 
icren to treinbk ami grow pale, athd tliui^, whcw Jic ^^'Js Ifd forward to the auifi- 
ence to rtoci^-c their applaitsc. tears wmtc in tlie eyes of neatly e\^er>'onc pruscnt 
at the sight. It \vs^ like the arejic? tliat [s dczsi^rilji:^ in HecthovLn'a life; on the 
oeeasicjii of lliat e^^mElo^■r's a]}|>earance, when olnioi^c loEalK' deaf, to conduct hi^ 
greyt ChornI Symi^Jiuny at \'ie]iiin. 

One niphtj pn retifrnina linnie from n |jLT<f^rm3nee of ihc '' Messiah" st 
Covcrtt GiirJcn, N^ndcl wa5 wij^etl ^^ith ^iuddL-n t^^-akncH Ltnd rctlft:d huiriedly 
tti bed. from whi[;h ]n: 'ys'z^s ne^xT to rlie ^t^^ln. lie praved ihut he i^iiilit 
br^the h^^ last on Good Fridayp "in hcjiie of meeting; his God, hh ixvtei LtJitI 
ai^d Sa^-iour on the ihy o| his resurrection/' Antt ^iJungeK' ^noxEgh hig xvish wa? 
^^nled. for on Good |-ndfty, April i,;, [759, bi.^ tjuiLcly pi^ed away from this 
lifen being ihen ^VLtiLy-roiir yLMn; of ^^^^ l-Jis ivniain^ were laid in [*oet^ Cor- 
ner in ^^■es^mhll^ler Abbey, and thv plaei- is rn:tiked by a statue l>r Roubdltje. 
rcprcit^ntine hint IcLining over j tjbic ei:*i-c:rcd tvith miisk-^l in?tcunicnti, his hand 
holding a pen, and JK^fore him is laid tlie "^Je^iahp"cpen at Uie wordi^ '"1 know 
Ihat my Redeemer livt^thn" 



7J=^ :■ - 




A^<I!^>TS AND AUTIIOKS 




U 



Mn;^ART 

BV C. Fr. HchUKM 
(i 756-1 79^ 
EoroLD ^l^KAKF Nh^as a vEolini'^c In iht l>3ind of Ar<dt* 
Hint] ii wu_^ prolwlJy in trjiTijiitini'iit to !si- iimhIj^i \\^^\i |n; 
fif Jouniicji CJL^>■^<J^^ofilu^ Wcalfj^njTu*^ 11iri;u]h|]i]us Si^is- 

tiilud 10 tn:LkL^ llitj |]J3tit: of Mtv^ifl faifli>u^ ivhrrrV^T 

ntu^ft L!j km^ii^Li: ^mJ -^uii.-]!' net mc^iv Inl^iueeFci] llf^- — 
i^cnuiifxil In iiscU anJ In the hvork> f>F iinmonal lii"iiitv 
i^l^ith in lis jibE>r| *:ttiiJ>iq wci'i^ prtiElMC4;d — hnr? t-v^T Ijl-4.i^ 

fiVL\3 hy nnt'ont: of cIkj^ fo V'hfjjn tfpt: cr^uvn ^±1 jn^pirt^d 
T^lnpcts :tiHl im ti^<Uiriii[r flignuEiicnl in ihu U'nlplt (>f nrB 

in .ir[Lr-][Je. Hut M(H^i^j-t w:l>> 3^|] ^-XL-i-'jiiiim : sinJ [hau^^h 
lie- n^i^ht wull fiEii't' liCL^i cillt^d "the tniivtrLlnniEh I^JVp" his 
Juti-^L wui'ks— and liii died at tlw: *iar!y affcrof thirly-hvt — 
were undouLlcdly his crjiiidc-^t and mo^l fjcrttct. Hcl>c- 
jTjTi vtrytarly in cuni|>o?t. One of Uicst: hr*t ^Llc-mnts^vaa 

child undnuntcilly \>\\i\y " Wlwn that's iht: y<is:y rt-wjonwhy 
It is called a CHi^nterlo ; |>H:aplT: imist j^rnctit^^ it bLiFfsrc ihuy ir^m [ih^y it iKrlL^tily," 
Woir^anfl and hiei sistcin X^nner[, n-- ht" xtM-d fo cnll ht^j, ti:id ham iztk^'n by 
flnir f;5thcr, in 17^2, tu Vicnn:^, wlui*: iKt^ iJiiliircn [>l.iy*:d the j^iacio Mort; the 
fctTLprc;^ ^ifiria Tlit^u'S^s .nu! liur htj^k^nfL. Little WolTuziri^ waj; htrt, a-i Li^tiy- 
ivhtre. jH^rdvtlh .n his (^.i-^-. hh^idi a ^1 cn^i licit h' :iHd clTnill^<i ^i^l^ ihjt won L^vfry 
hc^L ^^'l1i^n hi.^ hiid In-L^n pbylE^^ fnr sonai^ tldt^t^H 'i^' JLMtiptxL xvilhc>Ltt 4:[:t'^tnL]]iy 
on thL- L,i[7 ipf ilht L^tnpri^^. ^nid kty^tjd 4i^r hi.-LjriLly lor U-in^ sci gouJ ld hiiiin 
Lktl(^ M^LfLc AntactL^^l^. hct dju^^fiicr. .-^fozrw^rd tfie ill-F:htcd ivifc uf I.^ui« 
X\^L, siiul ihcn dil>oui lliii same age as Wolfgaii^^ fie tiuacL^ m :l1iiio&1. tht; same 
WAV, lii.' Ii.id sllp]>L!d an the |>oli-^1icd t\oty\r, to wliieli lie wa^ unaeijustijn~ii:'d. .nid 
Llii] IjclJu ^jrl]tec?s had hunied ft^nianl tii rji*^ !nni njj, oil which htj [irompily 
slid, "YoiL arc good; T will marry yun," The empress asked why liL^xvWicri 
this, Co which he answered, *' Out of ^^racitude ; shcr was kind, while her sister 
Ipfik no notice uf mc " (sfit had nc>t cumc (oRVard lo lielp him). Aft<;r n^tuni' 



■teg to S^hburji, L<iop^>td M( warts f" flw r^prinj; of j ^6^, Jook hts <:hilJren on a 
more lehi^tJiy tour tn Munkli, l*jrjt^, L.^pfihLcul .in^ Tlie lla^^tic;, 3n<L L^^'crywhcr*: 

UiL'lr iNliiyingk cspcci;tily VV[j1I|thti;;'!:S pcrformiiiiws on iUc i^rg^iHi ^vhicli he h^d 
qiu^^- It-jirEacJ, were Jif^cnt;i| [l^ ii^ctli tl^^li^lic ani] nst^iinii^hnivnt. At HcidulLierg 
ihc ^irit-^^ of ttic CInircIs ui th*: lluK (ihom Lit[fmi'4;tl f>t] the orgini itit Ua/'i 
namt ni^t the tbtt^ oi hl-^ vPsic, in rL'iiinmlNr.LiitH-- ua" "ilitp won-lc^f of Cuirl/' us he 
Ch1!l\I the- chihl. At l^oinluai, ^Ad Mu/.itL <jyi., [Iitj' were TC[;eiV4^tlj ftn A)>rtl 
37th. hv Kmy tjix>rge HL atnl yut^tn CuruluiL-. dtthr |j,ihit:i, nnJ rttii=fcinL-J from 
^.V tq iiincu'eloek. TIld kinij pldLvd liE^Tort! ihe Uuv M<¥it]pit<.Mmt}<^ ai i(^1i jn-J 
Handf"], iiLi of ^^liicli Kc played ^t s^^n ]^t]rfccily ; h^^ li.id hIjt^n iho hr>Eit»r of -ic- 
CflmpJii^ inf;; tin: <li]tt^ in =t ^11^ " CJn Lcf^i^iui^ iht: |Hil:it:e," iKl^ Liircdil Fskllicr 

A great tkliaht \^':[^ tiuiv li^ritft' Wm\, Tor his fntkL^r UjiI rc?soh'Lil cjii li jc^Ltrney 
to 1L^1lv, then for ihucl: cImii iio^v i\\^ hiMiL '>! mii^iu. i low iiiLLcfi ifiis vtsic did 
for the ^"(JunH maoscni it is iinpti^^ihk tii ^:1y ; lie tihi'% no(. like MenflL^s^ohn, 
Itjft u-> Ein " |t.Lli:tn Syirtjfhoisy," tcefjrding ihe jriifjn'^^icnhP %i'hii,'h th-il sicnny ^pot 
of cl^t^i: lieiiLtty hiLil ni^ido tL|K)]i liinis but ibert^ r^n l^o little UcHiI>t uf ihe cr^^t 
inlluejiue it h^id on chc wlml*] of his iiE[i:T^life, Th<:j"t are hhhc ?i^niOeanl: fiords 
^vliitli In.' wroif crtJ^^lt yUbin^ istk'r uj his frtther frnm lViri>: " V^hi nui^c f:tiihftil)y 
ptuEnls^ lu 3tit riu* ^E'4' ImIv a^ii" in tjrd^^r o^ ri^fri-'sli nii- life, t du esiueat of 
you to L4]Ii(ll" tlii^ haji|>iFu-^ upon me," Jn Mnntu^. Mihto. »(^lclUrtA [whu-rj; he 
had iht good fortune tfi mcel the katnufl Tnidrc' >)nrt]n!T uriL of ihc MJundesF 
nitii>ici-inH of his apr, nnd for ^viuim In: e^er nfcLCu^jrd mniiitjitiL-d ^l warin aOsLLli- 
mmt), Florunci., Ronfce, anci X^pk^^, tlu^ yuuii^r ^enm^ was reetived uveR'whero 
wiiti i^nihnsiasm i^v ihc ertJ^d:^ who catni: to hear him. In Najjk^s thu sujic]- 
^titi^itj.-; peojile i^elieved eI]:li ihnwu w,^ oia^ic in hi^ plnyin^n ^r\ii pnintcd to a 
tiller on his Wh h^nik ^l^i [Iu^ cau^ of hi^ ivuiiderfuL cle^te^ty ; ;Ln<k it ^y^*^ only 
^^^Inn liL.^ hnjj tak^^n ihi"^ u{f. jnd rFoncr un jiLiyin^ just tlic SamL% tlini tht-v li.id to 
ftcknowltxfcct it ^Vll^ simply ihe |>orfc^tiiin cpf jin. 

Thcri^ is sopntthinj! ^id in coiKrasHng these l^riliiiint ciirly dsiys with ihe 
anj^ious times tliiii c:\.r\u^ liiLtit" 01:^ whi?ii thi: j^L^at Mowirt WlXs eotnpelktl iih wail 
in the antc-ehambnTi^ of thnj n;reat. dhie wkh thrLr l:n:i|ut!i-4, ^ivt: k-b.^ons to stnpid 
young counte^set.. und wriie In^ypiny leltc]> tti hi^ friL-nd^s^ yiM, in rt-alhy. [hose 
later days, ivhc-n " Don Giovanni," ■ Die ;<:itihct(loU-," [ind the ■' Riitjniein/' wirre 
cjfcmpo^d. ^N'ere ilii' iruly hfillifint L^nL^^ ,Vnd it m^y be ihtit iJic very grtatncwi 
c^inn^, ift *»oniL- jvn^i^iurc, from the sorrr-w jiud |N.im; tli.it Mo^i^rr. like \yO many 
others uT the w^nrld's iireat singers, " karnl in snffizrinL^ wh.ir he laniiht in ^ong,^ 

On hi^rortum to Muniek after gompo^in^ 3 c^nhiil- o|H-rn in Ein: iLili.ni H?k, 
"La I'li^iLL GiLirdinitTa," ^vhieh had 1 E^fsit suijetss, younj; MiKtartn who h^ been 
^^rj' shabliii^^ trt;ated h\- Aiehhi^h^nj I Ik-run^nius — of whcij^c sjfi(c;ftil eoiiduct 
we shil! hear m<nt: ht^rentttr — ihu tiLdeL^i-^r of Sitfismxsnd. iictfrrnltied lt» resl^ 
h]=^ situation in the c;cjutt bjtid, und to ^t unL i?n hi^ Ltavcl^^r^inr i;i^'in^euneerts 
'from ]jlace ic^ plieiJ. and every^vhtrt loohing uul for j-orne sult^d^le if^pointiiient 
that might alTord him a permanent ineome. This (iine his father i^-as refused 



Slff ARTISTS A?.'D ALTilOiO 

jK-mirKion [o tTixv^\, Mdp oi^-M lii^ tscrtion? doijciidcd thcsupiwrt of tTtc wtiolt 
fiirttily. hi! rtmsiiiLf]d tehind, while Vrztv yioziri, t-hc mochcn [icci^Liii^ni^^cl loitiiv' 
^Vtfl/^.sny_ In ]7"7, nmv a youn^ man oE hvcrtty-onc, he srt oji ii|]ttn liis 
£i^L>nd gFL'Jl :;rtinic [c^ur, lmD)^n[ ivilh haprn nnd ivith nil llu' ht!otLLi(ul ^ikdniciiv 
of ^urty ^^JiJu^ (JuUTmiiicil tn Lft|](|ucr the ^h^t>fl[l_ Thii itmo it wj^ not ilie 
hjf.iiiL iNroclij^y wtupii] men liiien^-^l ut, \mi the mutuivt! nlvi^lciLm cickI lltu rcjm^ 
l>ci=4j <][ nit]lrjdit^ ^^^'ccler tl>ati mi^n |in*l et^ iLStWiL^d iuy hL^fnrf. iiuL iki^ i:l1c in 
chined inj^. True, rli4;ic an: ttiiimph^ lo bo ipoki;!! nf, iLiitcry fiv^m the gctjt, 
fliiil ]irt^nts ^Til ji^ r4:ctjiiip(:nst- for his mafVL^ilciUi; pl-iyiitH 1,ht* t<^]\s om" i]j^" of 
hischcnrrsn in TctL-ivin^t (r-Chcn ^ ct^ri^tin prlticc: ;l ^c]|i| hwntfin fnstiMd of inortey 
rlinT hi^ ^OTl.l>■ ivnnlcd— irtcl, lni-^idt:>, he ii^id A\c ^Viiithr^ jiIti:;!^ r ! > ; hui rthitlTa, 
iniugnts, rmJ:(U sorts Ljf j^cuy mai^hinjibtis jg^inbc htm, make the talc a widiler 
one ; and so it continued ity b^ cl> the cckI 

Vr\'fv^ Muriich — witcrc: it li^J hten Ihji^c^I ihai. the cletrtir n^ould h^^vc gifcjn 
huti an ap|]LKiiLmc-i]t nt l-ohh. LniL \\i^ w^^ uu[y luM tti p^-^ t^t IielIv ^nd heeom^ 
f^m^^us, "\i ivus [Go L.ifh" Vf'i lo think ztljour In. rumln;^ n Cj|jL-|]tfli;isicr** — lu 
wtnt to -Vugshtir^. ftpLiitllntr ^nie |tLcrjisjiil iliys rlmre in the socloLy oi n eoijiiin, 
MirL^nnt. rilclinametl hy liim RLl^lc^ n n^iTry, o]H:]i-ht7:irti:d tifl of ninut<^Cfl. 

Thenijo, he ^vei][ rju to M^ntiihi'iiTis J toivn thni is niemotLihk :t5 the plnc^ 
whi;!^ l^Li lirirt nit-t 1I14: Wtihurs, and miule ihe Hn:i|uaiiit;irLi:e &f HLTr CEinLiabkii. 
Iht? director oE tliL" tnu^ic ^! the dt'-:tor5 eouft, and One ^vho provcrd a 5[jnch 
friend tJirou^h <?very[hini£ lothcyoLni^ eomf^ser. CiAnn^hith hnd a d^iHglucr 
tianuNi I^HJK.L. .1 j^lrl nf ihirlccn, exeeedin_Lrly prL-tty imd c;lcVtT, and ^Vol^^an(J ap- 
ptarv Tu li.JVi^ -tdniiii^d !iit vc^ry niuchn wild jivrku]:'^ fm n tinli' ?n Jiax-e rfirtt^^! ai:^\ 
Ihtcii ]n love with Iscr. 1 Je ^\notc her rt sonata, and ^^-a^ Lleiii:hft<l ^villi llu" ^i::iy in 
lY^hich ?he ]»loved it l the an^fimte. lie viid, he h^id 4;oni|ioj^d \o rcpi<-^^^nt hcT. and 
^hcti il ws^ ftiiishcjd lie ^yi^v^id she lvaT> just ^vii.n the nncFantc ^I'as, IJcti this Jft- 
tk" Icsvt^ alEair^ aE it cjsistL'ri, p^ion ^ya^ forgtMlen an a mrvrL- ^^i-riOLis uaie with jVIov' 
nia WL-ber Tier (athrr ^va-^ a Uuidtre cop? i^t In |rfjor tlrcnmiiCjincts. Tin rt: ^-ere 
p numhcr of ciiijdp^^n, and i*hc H"iiS -i fptjutiftil pirl of ftftec-n, ^shU a 111^1,^1 dfiLtaat 
vc^e* She \\'3.% ciiiLsnn, ii^ ih*= wjty. to Wt'l>cf, afttrwacd eoin|>D^-r of tlie 
■' Frt^i'^trhtitHi," Mosan wa-^ ^ eh;trmed with her ^olce th^it he undcrtotik to gi^c 
hcf JcS^ttcia^L and iVir :4iDn ftc-:n' of ialpai riromposin^T airs for her ind jncdlratln^ si 
coiie4.Ti touf in It^lv in L-oii^^p.iny li'ith hcr. and her fjther nmh ?i?ler. In wrhln^ 
of 3t to hk iji^'n iLjther he ^ts our the .idnuitr^R to he gained hy c^b-jMrLn^^r^hiiiH 
and v^ry prouiejlh' *ovs ■ "Slaould we stjy lon^ anvulieren tht uldest daupht^^r 
[Jo-^pha, rilrenviird Ffau 1 3ofer, fo]' ivhoni MonSJirt ^'rote the purl oE A-stralijui- 
meiiEL: ha the " Z;lij IktU rjie " [ w'ould he oE the s^KJilest ii-^e io u-^; (or wt c&uiU 
hiiy? ourc^^n jnejiu^, isshe irndtrf^tanils ccc^tingr" Hnt papa Mo/,;irt decidedly 
objuctcif. ^^our prof^o^al lo travel ulioin wilh I krr Wcher — N. 1* , t^to 
dayphiers— cii^s dii^cn nio nearly wiM/' and he s-tmijrht^^\iy ordcj^ his son off to 
Parts, M^hithcfp wttJi a parting present nE a pair of mittens knitted for him Ipy 
Mile, Wehcfp he rt'lutitantly ict^ out in eninpany ^vith hi^ nlnther. 

Iliji -stav in F^ris during the an '^t ytar wa-i not v^ry c^'tnJEul, and a sym- 



MOZART all 

phon^' prndua'^ at tho Conct^rts Spsritui^U sn-'itis to Iias*c hwnn hts mosi succtsS' 
ii}\ w'wk ^tl \Ui:> tiniL\ It \y^^ cttvcrr anil livftj% lull t4 \^tnkUig j^fftccs, and ivji; 
must Wjuink :tppl;tudc{l. I Ic s^yi : " The jnonii^Tit the ^ym]A}or\y \vas ovt^r [ 
wfiju CilF ii^ my jcjy [o thi,' I^lai"^ J^oraL vrfiL^re I cook a gwrt jcij^ tt>ld iny Iwiid^ 
aj^ 1 hrtcl vowcril, ^r\ii ^h^cnr lioniL^ where I uni h^Lppk^i and nilways sliull lie happi- 
csr." A gr^t sorri>\v tjrm; [y hiffi lacn: m tlit tlcnih ot his mt^tlier Owiii^ [^ 
the i^Ejaf 4!X|>^nEic yf living n\ T^jrl^, thf-y h,it] bircii comi^LlktJ [o live logethtt in 
A small, c3art: mijniH so t^ompL^iE for ijiEStc [lMt there \vlw ut>t c^tii foom far the 
indlsjicns^Mt; jiiancL Here shewL^j^ t:tkc;n [||, snd iJioiim|l Toi iuurtu™ <1mi;SVfil^ 
yrang mosr Jcvaicdiy jti-csiJt^d m li^r x^^nt^, sf3c dk-d iti Ms iirms. The fcLtiri^ m 
which lit* hriuuks ihn nu^vs Up his fiithcr and ^^ist-T nirir full *jf t|i^; most hiiauLiful 
icntkmcs^ and fipt-^rLit fulness uf Ins oxvn irriLf In MilJtituJc lot thAw^ Tlnngs dlJ 
not indcol prosper with liim in PjjIs : he tncd t*j yivc lesi^on^, hut the Ijdiei 
%\^hoi]^ liL Liuglit [jnicl him very ahahhily, and the lalnjr o/ seElitig frnm one parL 
of [he tii^* to anotlttir to tcath ^h:ts so grent ilut he TmniJ it diJFltult ta give tiie 
time hi" WN-iht."*! tu aJm]Kistlioii. 

lluslc in l^aris, just then, ^as at a Icpw ebh. \*3|>^ili- ]jret|v^ lE.^linn ^jH-vaa 
^ere in /.ishioi], and Pieciniil hras che (aroriie com^jwitr. Tc iva^i sniflc ^xars 
afterrtircl th:Lt the gical contest Ictxveeii iK.^ Pic;^!!!!!!^^ and Gltitkists cnlini- 
naied in ilu: viu^tc^n- ut ilit-^ ll1tteJ-^ ihoLi^h "Alcesri:/ h;iri akcnLlj- lieL-n ]arwr|1Jt^:J^ 
and " IfJlit^T-iiLi " ivas Soon lO follow. Mcp;=att ^vsw n Ecrixtit ,idmirLr of Gfuut, 
and the musie qf the olJcr maisEtr hid evidtntty nn Import^mt inllucnce on tlaat 
of the youti^r and rtlorc gifted composer. 

Once more lil^ (hi^iiijlits xv<'re turcied to Salzbujif. far [wo of the IcacPnff 
mEl^iei:n1^ ilitre Itd^-juK iiat^d, tiie j\rcliJK'^liop I litrDnymLL-^ olT^Ted llitrir po^tj? to 
thf iMozarL?. fbUher wnd ajn, at a salary of a thou^-iaitl jloi-in^^ for l]ie tii"o. Tht 
father smj^iousily eaiueaU'd hi^ *ion to tirluati aii^i .iceept this ufT^T, meiilionii^a as ii 
further haitr that jVlov^au UVLjtT wonlfl [jnjkiMy be en^^as^i-d to iiingin SiLl/burc^ 
MucK as Wolf^^rirtjEC hLxC€;il Sa|/,binjrH ur olfier the |>eople In'inj; tlit;n:, his Iovl' fot 
h\> (jlhcr Eind sister ]jrev-il1ed tj^er hii> stversion ; and tlioit^^h xvhh no fjlca5iLre at 
nil in the prospect of bCL-iny the h:^t^-ruL i^rehbishop niyain^ he set out from Paris, 
traitltinR to Sal/Lur^ in very lei^amly ra^hion iin Strasljour^;, Miniulicim, .itid 
Mtn^i<;h. At SlnilKjuf]; he wis jnduet-^i lo jjivc; several toi^vn^. hut thcr ^vero 
rHH peeuniari- staccesi^us. and Iil iIhL ]iot nuke by any o]ie moac TllE^^ three louis 
d'or. lint lio^N* the a^li^l [iee]3s ont in eierj- line of the Jettet-t in whid> he dc- 
aerihes these 1 After ^ayin^z }iow few wt^n: present, s^nd how cold if wa^, Ik- pro- 
ceeds : " Blie 1 s<?on warmed myself, t" ?bow the ^traz^lMjurii yenclemcn h^w" litth: 
1 eai'tdi .md pljyed tc them a long time foa" my o^vn jinusemcnL ^KvJi^^^a coiic^ftu 
moj^T thjn I had prumistd, and at tlie close cxteinjMjriH:iilg; It k now c>v<^r, but 
Ht all cveiits J gaineil honor ami Earne. " 

At Munich a ^icat shoek ^ii^iiud hinv lie vtsfled the ^Vebe^s, and htring 
ifl mrjumin^- for his moili^r, xvure, after the I'Tcneh fashifm, a red coat with 
blaulv l^utton^ \Vhcn he appearwl, Alov^ia hardly ^enteit lo reuo^ue him, atad 
li«" coldnc^ Wis sij markeJp thai Mozh-iil iptaeily ^ated liimself at the pianf\ and 



_ , ^ 



aia AKTlST?i AND Al-'TriURI^ 

fiati^ in a lou^l vokt, ^' Ich lasi^ das Madchoit [jcrn das mlch pitht will "" (I gladly 
giw^ up the girl hvlii:i ?ligliC-H riej. It iva5 al] Qvcr, and I^l' li.id lo Iw.it i.h*^ Uis^ of 
the lickic ;!irl \^ bc^i U^ mi^Jit Th^rc is 4i ^;igntl]C[3l]t line in uik' L>f hJs kUizi^ At 
this tintc tr> hli FnihL;r: " In my ^vholc lit^: I fi^vht wlolc w^rscLh:tii I do lo-Jay^ 
but I really ziui unlit for jinyiliinp^ my hc^Tt isyj lull of ttnrs." After uvo v^^f^ 
aLisencc Jic rt(^nii!cl hcJirtt: lo ^i.^l>firp, ii'hcrc Jic ^ins iiMrmly ^I'tltonitrd l^ixck. 
Here lie rciTmian:tl lor dt liitlu whik-, lacitl wrote lii^ fir^t scnnus opurr^in ■' Idoni^'iht^j." 
tu the te.\t oi nn ^Vhjln! \'arcS£f>, di baL?-htiign", Tlii-^ o]Hi^ IJtt^dioieti thought 
tilt linsn^l of ill cliai Mos;sli[ wroit. It W35 Nrcmj^'lit jj4j[ ;\t ^iimich jn Janijaj-yn 
i;Sj, .-irtil w,i3i brilliEimly iiua-cK^luL In iIk M^irdi hlLnhtting, an arder yy-^^ re- 
cci^x^ Hxjan ifkt! irt:hLislH>|3 u^ folluxv Mm lo Vstnnu, where Jiu wished tcp a]ijwar 
^I'ktli all tlii^ full |>oin]» jnd LriHiiint [^tmne of nt pHEicc; faf thf <:hurdi ; And ^ 
OTt(^ of thfs r^itnue Mozart h^iJ t^r follow him. ILtilL: [hinkLii^ a^ Hyn timt thai 
lie shc^LLlcl nc^i'cf return lo :^1^l>ur^, hut time Vumn^ liL'ttci^ forth u'^:> ti? be his 
hoine, 

In Vkni^.i ho fouLiil tli.it Ul' had tcj iw In tht^ areht^Who]!'"; Jidtj.qf:^ fiticl xvii^i 
looked Li|3nii ifitre as i>nt ffl thu ortliniry servani?^ Ho say^^ " Wtidine :it eltx^tn 
o'i:1oLk i]i tlie foLeEitkon, iit3lui.kiLy rather tLrij early aii hour fnn [iil. Our p^ny 
mnsijii^ of rhu^ iwo vjil^i^, ifir LumpMollur, HeFj" /^iLi, ihe cunfLctii^nei, thi^ t^vo 
cooks. Ce^J^1rill^ litunetli (tiv<5 ^uiEijr'^)^ LinU my in^sigLiiticHknl yjlL N. U_--Tlie 
twg valets sit ^C the hea^ of thi? (able. I havc^ at all L^'ents^ tlie honor to t^^ 
placed ubu^'e the eook:^ ; I ;ilino>t heliev^ I anl Ihuek lo SaLburg." 

Mo/Litl Wri^ .t tniu gcntlfiniHtii, with no ftniJish f-tlsi: pridjj^ hut with the htui' 
OL'ahlnj iftlf'rc^fjtjcl that every s^-ntknian musX p^^^-^t^^, ami it Was very g;ill[nii to 
J>im to lia^o to 4LLJf4,r suelM^dioLis trcntnicnt from the nieai^^pirite^l arehlnshcnp. 
Indi^efln it WL15 onLy lor his father's "^jike thnit h^- ^uhniitte<l to the continued 
contumely atiil |K!lty slijjlit^ to ^hliich the archbishop dehghled in vul>jj:cting hiin. 
At last the open ra|irure Cntnte. The LtrohbJrih^^p efjUe^l him a 1ii]ave and <lissO- 
lute felit>xv, aurl T<ild hiui lo he off; nind \^heu ^[o-/:^1t ^laited ujjcjn fJount S^co, 
the princl|>^i1 ulTieial, ti;> obtain the rejixilar dismitw^l thj^i waji Pri;e^saTypthe fello^v 
pouTvd abust: qjn]n hiffl, nind actujilfv kick*.*! hin> our of iHl- room Potir Wi>^i^n 
\^'^^ Lii a ^i.L[L- I if virdcnt e-'^citi^rneni Lifter tiiii^ outni^, ]ind for ^oniL- d.^J^ wils ^ 
ill tli.IT he L-t^uhl i]i»t eu]i|Hiuc: his i^nLiLiJry ^vork. LSlit iluW .lL luLi^t he \V^<^ frcf^ 
and tltrjui^li hi^ I.Lt^ier, like j (ianid, |jrutLL-nt okl man, iKdivtiiled ih*.' ]oss of [ht; 
stipi^aid which hK :jun had bcjoii roueu'iiiji. ^Eo^al't hiinvL-EI kntiiv thjt tli£ rek-asfi 
w.^a Lintirt-lv for tht he?.i. 

iTk ly^z appL:irtd " Dk* Entfulnun^aus dcni SeraiL" hl*i Irrst realty import. ini 
Ojietii, full of lieautiful ain^ ^^^liich at onec hecLiiflv enormously ptipular ^^^it!i iku 
Vkniicsu. I'he Bmpuror Joseph IL kne^^' verj^ litth: :ihout m^isic, but, as frt^ 
quctitly hapi>ens in such ca^e-^ eonside]c^t tJi,it fie iKt^^^essed pcxKliyiou"^ trtsrcr Ou 
hearing it he &ii<L> ^'Much too fint- for oar ean^, dear Mo^rt ; and svhat a quantity 
of notes 1 " 

The bold reply to this wa5> "Just .v.- rminy ^^0Ul^ ^ Jre necessiicy, j-our Ma- 
jesty." 



MOZART aiit 

Much of tliL- ^Irllyht ^i'huh Mn^.^rt felt 5ti fhc s^iiccc?^ df the Dptrii nr<Jt=t 'rom 
ihc J"nct ihiit \i en.tl>Ei:L[ hi^■rt ^riounlv tu c'rjtit(^]Ti|iJ.-iic txiLirria^e. Alov^iq Wclaer 
hnJ litcn fjirMess to him, bm eIhtu u\l^ n-iii^^thcr fttsti;r — ^viti] no s|H;cijl bt:iuty 
save (hnt uf lin^rbt i-i^i a etimtlj lieurc, ttiid it thrtrful, annnlslc di^pcrtfiion— 
CrtHSMn-iu, uiiiiTTi he i]ou- hu]jctl lo itKik^ his wife. 1 Uh f^itJicr ijl? jctncd to a]I n/ 
the VVditr f.iiTiil^-, ,iiiiJlherc.^ wjs^jiiti^ Jifficulty in ohtiiciiii^ihc |Ml4;in;il ton^iii ; 
hut -iL k^ t[]i; mLinia^ tuijk pJau.-, jj:i Aui;ui>c 4. r^Si, Huh" trulv he Ioit<1 his 
wife frutn iirst to Lisx his leuer^ uhunibntly shiw ; bur frmigunt illness? wtrti 
afiL-nViinl ji gnjcit ^iiid almost eota^E^tnc rtaiircc of ^^xpeii^ lu hirrt^ hut ht: never 
CtJ-^U Ln wrrlc? lo her miJi Hit: pLi^i^jFi:L[c^ niulor ^>f [1 voun^ bver. Hcslvb; "I 
fijiin<l th.1t \ ntt^zr pniycd wi ftftmtly, l]i unn^^^rrl -^> |>iaLL5fy, ^ Ijj* her side; 
siiij fdc ihu satin:/' Antl now Tn^r -HjniL- linu^ l■^ nj uiin^ weiic ^i^cioihLv in the 
miklesL liLile m^iingc ill ViiJiiniL Muz^ui h.id )j|Lnty nf lesstjtis ict give, hut none 
of [lie erjjnti^is^ioni* for ojKrras ivhi4:Ji lie w^titlil liivc wished. 

P.L^^hi^ iT^^T 1 vj^it ti> l-L^ip^lcr— wIk-i"*! Jit *iHl(1iu^I with [I14; ke^nwf delight q 
uunalic-r uf tlK un|mhli-,hi'd ivmk^H-if tht-arvJi AKiSli.tn IS^Lih^and ii^ llcrlin, he 
Kfumt^d to Vitithn^nndnii-ijiicx^sct tti workuptitt^^ntcijuzirieis whidi ilii; Kinjiof 
Pruista IlilI oixteral /rom hhnr '^ Cr^i Tjli lulcl-/ :i cumje ojjcrni. wiifi thL' hc-nutj^ 
fully [IniwijiH inuiiij ih^r i"piily MH"j>:,irt couM \\i\iL\ \ym ^v[ih ni ^iipid ploi [li^t hfi$ 
pnj^TiiLtNl it-i frci|Liertt !>:|>ciLtinii in lalcr tinvi : jml ihu^ i;loiit>u'i '' i£Lubcr]ltric%** 
Wiittoii lu Lissis! .L tJie^Lirlc-^l miii^si|j;r, Schihiinixler. tvea-c Ins m^vt ftxirki As ]]^ii 
time a ^rniiytf [niljiidioly k-jran in sh(>w itstlf iu hi.h^ letters— it mjv hu ihjt :ij- 
ivady his munvrutijFht 3>rHiin ivii.s con^iuus tlut tht^ tnd wjs niiE far disr^inL Such 
linis :is iIksc, pjihetie anil Siul in iheir ?iitn|hV Jnd almosi diilillike cxpirsvion, 
tJcijiij in l1 Itticr lie wrcaie durini; ;i tlsort iilj^nci: from his wife, at I'mnb/cjrt. in 
J 790: " 1 flnt J:? I^>|jpy ns .1 child ^n tli4j thcutyhi of rL^iuminj; 1*^ you. \i pL'^i|>Lti 
c:ould^4rc!mtoiny Ucnrt I f^hnuhl nimost rci^KL^Ifcimi.'d — ull iWt wc^M cold Jis iec- 
VWrt! you whh mc, 1 ^hulll€| pi>:i?ihly l-ike inofL- |ilLj^tir4; in tiit- kiflfhiussol tficwe I 
rtl^tt herL\ huL jII si^4:jiii; t^i me so enipLy/' On hk fL-tum lo \''criin:i pceunibirv 
tt^lnt was rjthcf prt^nijjty felt ; hi^sii^vr jihitii ItLiit eo U: JJi^^nt^t. stnd ^ i>[^rlidluus 
iricnd, Snidlern in.iijc mvny with rht tickctSn ami the sllvcr^vas never redei^mcd. 
On o}Mi iiixision JMStzpli DeniLr. the Itndli^vJ of the '' Silh^^mtf Schhmgc,'' ch^uiijed 
to Ciili ii|Jiin hhn. and w.k sur]>nn-ei! to fim! Mk>j^Ari unJ hli xvifo Coiiy^tTiKe danc^ 
ing round iht Hjoin. The bu-rhin;: <rxpLu]itioji WlLs ihji ihcy h.iJ nu firtiv<ri>d 
tn the hmjse, iuifl s^j were ttyirtp tn warm them^k'L:s \Vit!i dLjt1cin^^ IJcjner at 
onuc ofliTi'il to stnd iti fuvjwtHjd, M^iniart jiromtsin)^ tu pay ji soon a? he ci^uld, 

"Ihal i^^uid ^v^ork. the " ZanfiL-rilr^ie/' hml jllsL Uueu Hjorn|iL*rc!d when ;i ^raii-^'c 
t-t3anjnift.jt>n ^vai= g\ve\\ him. One day n tM, h^i£^,\tn\-h-^\\km^ Tn:in, dressed in 
pr.iy, with u verj^ Sfinihro: cxpre^-^on oF counlen,int:L-, utlli ■! upcm Mozsirt, hrin^- 
itig with him -in mnonymous lettern Tlli^ li:ttcr njont^iirted in inquin^ as to ihi^ 
sujn for ^h'hjLli Ik" wtniM wricc? Jt an^ias for the dend, :iad in IhjW rsliort -i time this 
could Ik? Lijinjilel^tl, iVi:v,ian eansuliL-il hi^ wife, and tin; ^u^) of tifty di^eiits wja 
nieniiLM^L-d. rhf ttraniTcr flt^jaried. stnd soon recunicd ivlih iht^ mojiL^, pn>un9- 
itig Moj^art J fanhtr ^gm un e^impk'tion, luid Jilao moitttiontiit thiit hi; mi^iit ai 



thk AkTlaTS AND AUTIIOKS 

h^'fjul^l be I'nlirc^ly xt^luziii W^ now know iliui tlu^ ^:lJlTll1]^s.■^jf^n fh^l uiAW \^r-n 
pt^fn l^y (JfUml W'niftflfl, a fooli^i mHli|iiii3ii3, ivhni^c \v\l\: h:icl (!i4Jtl, art*! wJiu 
^';inlcJ, hy tninis:riliin)^ nMiVrirLrt ^Lorcr, u* \k^^ il off n^^ hi*! n^n RX^irijujailion^ 
ai^cl tl][s he aciujilly tlul nftti- ilic jjom|wg4:r's do^tls_ I'uur SltJ^urr, m the wr.iL 
i^ulc Pif lir:il|li in ^vJiich hu" r^ow u^fls, ii1th ncnxs tnc^crLrn^ .mrf <?vcM":<ijjU'if briFii, 
i^"-^* stmiigclv ipjiprc-^st-^l in' lliis ^'i^^it, iind s^hou iJir lAr,^:\ ilmjIc liuii powysiun af 
hii3i iJiJt tin" mt^s^iyvtr hutl ^rrj^'i^tl ivJiK j miiiiELiu- fruin th*.- un^c-rn ^vorld, .md 
[Imi itn: " L4ci|iLk-in " Isc wji^ Lch ^vrtl?^ ^'as tiyr Wtiu^U, Noi Uic ItsH iliil lit ar- 
qlcrtily scL [[3 t^^ork 4JI1 i(_ 1-ljcclly. l|L^lVl!vt.T^ ^vas it coaniflcnc^til llirin lit w^is c^jiii- 
|n'H-'d \f\ wriit' .-iiantlicr npL^rn, ■' l^a Ck-Ti^i^ii-^a kli Titu," fi^r ^vtiii^l] :i rommi^^i^jti 
li.h^l ln-i^j] i^^lvLin liam l>y llit^ Uuln-'uiiim f^s-rnKcs, ^^^^ jhivaiSiicLiitti fjii [Jic l'Jt:ca^iM^ hjJ 
tli4j l£iii]>i^ror f.tcjp^jfci's ^umEi^EiiuEi m ificii L-i|>fm]. This \v^ ^co&jfl|ji=rf>hcrl in 
tJn- slion spjct: of *2ighciitrt dfiy-s, :1]k1 ihnu^h It -Ujcs not t:t?i]t,sirt [he bwt :vixcs[t:^ 
ytt lUr ovt-tlLifi.^ d]u! ^-^'trril cnJ tht; nuniliL^t^ aiu- full of a pc^gUAcit lie^iuiv shiul li\-c- 
liiK'tri wAi iuiliii)^ Lhc; ft^btlvMl o| ^i |ief>[3lts rL^JLiii:Jn^ Bui .1 far i^ii^aicri w^irli, 
the '^i^ufjcflUMj:/' WJS ]in>iltLc:(.Hl 111 VlL-nnti shordv aflc^riviKtL It did i]u| tjku 
very wAi .a th^t, Ihtit siil>iii--iiui!iu pcrryrmnintTh mnt better. 

rris IhiIkii^ in hiiiij^i'ii^ ouc fftL^ " /!.LuliLTll^tc " i^^'cr, ,Mo^^trt rchimed to [fit 
" RcL|uJ4^m " he Jjiid jlriEuly *:i>rtJiiitjj]ucd, hM h^^hilc MiilinK be "flen ha<l to shik 
^Mck in Jiib ehaij', buin^ scti^cd ^viili ihun swcK^uif. ^r[>o pk.iinlv ^n^ his ^ltt:n);[1] 
i::thjtiHteflp lnit lie ijcrsisle^l in hi^ soltnm work. 0\ak In-lyht N^^veinber morniny 
he w[is ^h'alking with Con^.ntzt: ui ibe Prati^r, and Eadiv i^jiniitip om to itt^r the 
fiilHn?; Ie4v<^, and ^jHstkinu of dnj.Lth, with tH_'utN in liis t-yt^s, lie ^llI^Icc^ " J wt:ll 
Iziiyiv 1 am ^I'ntina ibj^ ' Lit<jiitec]i' for m^^^jlf- !^ly own ftt-lfnjr*^ tell ine ebjt 
I ^lalt [M>c h^ ii^HRr So dfliibt 5onit^ [>ne h.is ijivtn me j^ois^Nn — I u^tnnot ptL 
rid uf Jhl^ ili'iLiL^h]/^ WfiU ibe^e ^'hjo]ny fLin^ilLS fiitLinLin^' hl^ nilntl, he rapidly 
grew wurbc, -LiiJ ^ionn eoglti n^it Icnii'o litK r^n^m. "i'lifj [MrrformanCi^^i r>E llii; "iiiiiL' 
berllou- " w'tLzc still pi^inn Oli, und <.'xti'iiordindnly ^u^Jeus>fLd. lie tiMjk iIil^ privat- 
es! Enrcre^ in liL.iriiaj^ oj tht^rfif and :it ni?i;ht xvoiJd r^ike 011: his w.ittU und nfiie 
ifit: time—'' Xuiv ihi: llr^t :ii;i is over, now is the time for the ^Tf^tt Qui^en of 
Nitlhr/" The d:tv herorc hf^; tl-Aih hf Slid Jo his \v\U\ "Oh^ fh.tt J e-jukl rjaily 
onec more htnr my "Fl^yiu ^bylw:" hunimina, in v;iircely ntidiMe vokn, ibe 
livefy hiril-cateiiurson^. Tliufimit clziy.at tucj o'tWt in the nlreninoLi, he i.alleJ 
hiji frlijmls tngiethcr, iinrl askL^rl for t\\^ ^i™re ^^r his m-LirU' eoin]»iece<i '^ Kn-i^iiii^an " 
10 be Juid on lli^ bi:d liont-itiel Seback san^ Lbc- ^^pmno ; hi'^ l^nrttbcr-ii^ln^v^ 
tlofL-r, [he CiJrtftr; GeH, ibu l<t!:^ ; ^ind Mnz.irt him^^K icK^k \U^ nhcy in a vnilc 
hut ^iL^iitutely cicir vi7icr. Tlivy had ^t rliroti^h [iit AZirious t]:Lrts rUt (hcv trjmc 
ti> the " L;icryrnos.i/^ iv^hcn ^JipjEnrt hifr^ inEo Lcarji und laid tbi^ T^trurr n^ide, 
Thu tH:\t thy (Stmd-iyl, he w^fis '^OUiC, and fiflitl to !^0|jbic, lli:^ sisL4.]'-in-law, ^'"l 
luvu the i]^sct: fjf deiiib i^u niy ioii;ric(>. J sivK^ll the 2TJi\\ and who e^ni i^omforl 
my Coiihit.hiiLCe. il ^ou doci'i ^imy h^-Tl^ T' In htT acci>iint of hU liisl moment-^ she 
saya: '' i r<?utiil Sussmuyer *;itiim; by Moxarl'^i lieJ. The well-kiniwii ' KL4[iji- 
ttn* n^s lying on tlie cov^jrlei, and Moi^rt ^^-^s txphkining to Kfls^iaytr iha 



[ 



...i 



havd;^ 



^15 



piode ill which hij wished biifl l^y ty^mphlc tt aftrr hi^ do:nh_ T!c further re- 
qui::5tcJ liis wi£t Lu kttp liii Jcsxrn wtrc-i cuitil ^!^c JiJil ]rif<jrn]H.d AlLRrtiitibfrjjcr 
of ic* 'for the ^jiui^tiun of iiSiiiimnt urg^uiht at llie Stn^phcn Churrijli i^ughi cu Uc 
hLs ht^forc Gtp^l Jiid iIle; world.' Tlit: ductvr cjmv and i^rnJerrcd gnld ap^altdiianf 
un Sloznirt's luirninjj liL-ad ■ « . Tls<; U^l iTi<^vt;HK^nt of his Up? wji an i:n 
<ltM^^r i(> aiidic.-ite xvlitTt the ktttkdrusii-^ ^mulJ bf USkid ici the ^ J^rLiuictn.' 1 
think I ^llH Ji^isir tli^ ^>juii4^" 



HAVDN 



Ev C t, n-iTHJ'i; 



(i73^fSog) 




N' 



hv 'h^np=i" 



■ti Composer has ever g^Tti grt^ilcr or purer 
|>k^suTu hy his {^ctmijositions Lh^t] t^ ^v\:\j 

of ^jIiei^rEulnL-'^'^ ^infi liv'irly f^^nt in hia Jtinf^ic. 

tvcn !]i rlit ninst splrmn ]^ject:■^ ii-^ in hi:^ ^Jl5A^ts; 

[lie |>i>^Liu9iiinaE4t rm:UrtR i^ ilnjt a£ ghnLiioss; as 

lit E^nt.^ $itd tij Uj^t|>aiii: ^^-^t thi± thoiF^'iit ol 

flfjJ Hiy hL-iit IcJips lor joy, ^iiid [ Kiiit]oi lit^lp 

my inu*iie dojog kUl^ safflt/' lint it is nut .ilnanj 

:Lfl Lh4± ttricL'C fcii j^raccful =lo<| htaiiriful inu^iL: chnt 

H.lvJli hi^ Li Liblnt On (mr rcmcinhraiict ^ lit lias 

■I Lily cjUtd iliL! "fj[hi;r taf rht symphocjyH" 

^^ V" ^ Jluiijc once Kiid: "It WM-^ froifl Il:iydn th.i[ T 

;Sf .-^ fia-si L-nrncd ibc [rti4i ivay ro coin|>os: qiE^^ 

^ . tcttiisi" and "'IV CtcJt Ion," which must ever 

be euuiiLed o^i^ of ihi^ inn^tL^r]i[E:cE.^ uf oratorio 

His Tzniiilv ^vere oF ih^ people, his (ii[her heitig a n^n^fcr ^^littJ^vrJtiht at 
Wflli"fau. :l snijill Anstrijn vlIIj^i^ a\y Lfie hardt^TJ> of Lcrtver Auflrin mid I luujiarf 
and his jnotliHjj' hjtvin^ hi?cn i^jnployeJ a£ a c^aol: iai tht^ cj^tlc of diniu ] J^iiTdiclip 
the ]^rinci]^jl lord of the district. Je^j^li ll^ivctt) ^r-i^ !>om on M^ruh ^i^ i?j2_ 
thti second t:lnl<! oF Ins p,irentsi ond ag |en hroilicrii and si-^tL'R jfcur^v^n* u^me 
into the Worlds It ^:m c:i5lly be under^Lond [hat Eii*^ Ioe \i':hs ^lot a verj luicuri^^^E!? 
Ont nis pHrcnisx^Tre simple^ lionesl pc-uiJe of iIil libt^rinL^ elii^^^ verj' ignortnt, 
bulp like iTio^l 0;rm,in jKa^ants^ ^^iLli a ci-'rc.dn love for and facility in muiiu, nut 
quilc ^ Common in tliis counti^^ Haydn's father hid a i^foad ^'OECe^ and could 
sing U'clL accompanying himwlf on the harp, though he did not know a single 
note of ^'b*rittc;rt mic^ic:, Thi;n ihcre wa^ ihv v\ih^<^ schoi^lmapttr, i^ho eOulJ actu- 
nJlv j^-litv tbe vifJin, -nid whon^ little Juft'j^h ^atcheJ wuh WoaiJering vy<^ ex 



ic£. 






BIB , ARTISTS AND AUTHORS 

tt^nctini! lliDsc ^1llTve^^^l1^T^ sweet 50iin<L^ irom lifs m'<5w1i;ti iiisi™ffi*^nl, untjli ^vilb 

iht chtlil'*^ 5[iir]t t>F JTnitJtion. ^^^ !iU fnirtnt^ sanji thcjr " Valkj-lictlcrJ' llic liule 

Crt^^ti M tf tlicv w'^tc how Jiid (idJli^ ki^L-piprg t-^jiL^t lim*;, -iiu! nourish] ta^^ tht' Jwiiv 

in tilt £ippruvcill;ishiim of dit ^trliiKjlniHiSUfH rromchW\iry liiiLHnddLiu tuat^e 

ftfh inipc>r(;inr cKuLijFt in his life ; for *t rck^li^ti, Jtihumi MiithliL^ I'ldLtikEi, fA ["f.iLi> 

hurgi li:i]>pi'su\l co Iil- pfL^LMi utl lhic OLxaMOn, anJ, ihii^ku^^ I14; aa^"; :Ln jij^tmiJ*; 

[ar mu.-hi*: ui tht: Ixn}'. utteioJ Ct> tjk<: hcni iniu lils ^]Wii -sthuol ;li Hainbufg, wlitiv 

ftcizordinii'h ^Oung Ua^'Jn went nil Eht ftpt ^i^'ix ji^.irs+ 

TIkic I>c rtEiianiL-t! Utc two jxiirts niikUfc^ tiipid imtfrtM In sinETfi^^ and W. 

plnying ^11 :if>ri^ t*f iiiiirumcntSH iinl<jntL ckIici^ tJiu cl-i^'it^i; ^'ifjltiir cjr^Mnn jiiJ 

drui^, lUi^iJ ufiurvvcird, wiili tli<; limiJTn^ictl |jici>^ fni^ mutiVLtl frcrni c^iit, 

th^nv^^i^char^icttri-iticof l»tn : ^^\][nii;lny CkmIhIg wlu>Tn I irnder ilunks Eor alt 

his unnunibt.Tt.-J mi^rdtiSj jj^t^x- nic ^uJi TiiJility iti imi^ic tlur, 1-^ iln: iiivi-j T xvlis 

^j^ yeMS eM ] ftlocKl u|^ liki; a nvuj -inJ ^inc ims^ts iti Lhr ubiitL.lh Uknr, iiud 

cdtit<l p!nv £t liutti uu t!ic ^;lLl'^'itT :lih| liolln/' O! Fmnkf^ tt ^try ^UJtt, hin t\wt' 

ouLih ;^nJ mo^C iJisinslakiiip UMcIiCTh 3ie al.t^j siid iifLi^riVHird : " I tliull i^ gni(e(iii 

to Uint »ian ;l^ lon^ .1^ 1 Ih-L- (uT k■-■^-■plL:li^ ]iit so haul nt ivnrt, llum^rlt | u^l^J W 

grc more Hr^yiny tlun EoiwI;" :iikI in ILiy^Iti^ will he ^:lnrmb^:^^-■d Tr.tnth^f 

(aTTiily^ kakliip his duit}!hiur n sum o{ money jihL ll |>o]Usiil of IVs^Hkh hh-ni^li^ 

"my lirsC jtistrticlor in nixcstc^'^ 

I'or Mtnuii yi^ars he seems to hrtvu Hv^r! n tiiiscKihU^ stru^ylinH lik^ j;iviit^ " 

5oiS^ T^^yi^ft tl**^ &rgiin in c:hiirt:li4.-s, .uid -smciyinj;; w1h:i> ^nd whciv he c^illJ. 

Hu hnri ^ ii-'W pupils at lIhj moLh-niic rcmLLnLiJTiQn oi l^vo lloiicis it niotilh, ^nd 

he h^i[ L^mtri^^td to olfEain ]Nrt:i<:tston cjf an oLI ^^>irni-c;itc:n cl^ivicr, on ^vhitli lie 

tijtcd cIlli^L^ntrv to fjracEJ^^c in thc^Jfi'L't in the Knlilmaikt, ^vht^tt lii^ H^'cd. A 

pitifiblii dc^n|j[ion it^ ^vi;ti ot [\t^ Uidj^inET ll^■ (lu'ii oi;cnpi*:d, h ^^'n? on llic 

^Klh sloth", iil ci rooTfl wjilicjui stoiT- or xvindow. ]n ii'i!i[t!r his Irro^ath fra/re on 

his thin covurleln and the ^v3Ltc^ thiit in the morning lie liiid kj IcLch hinistiH from 

the ^T^ring for vra^hlneF ivas tirrjitL-ntly eliin^ttl tntci ^ ltjm|} of ice in^^jn; liis 

arrival in Eliat 4:lL'i7iiccl ^c;^'lotiH Life was indrfd Imrd ^ but lit: wm iMnsMnlU" -it 

work, ;inij, Ikavinc midt :i jirtrelous ^' find" dn ^n olJ liookstjll one dwy cif Tus'^ 

'^Gradnsad IVnui*wuni/' iai a vary dtlajiid^iJcd t-^^ndlLion. but wry cIuhIj?, lie w=w 

nrdcntLy prcpjiing liiuisulf foi the Life— he nfnv s^wtJ shoulj hf iiis— of u tom- 

poMf- 

Abouc ihis tinit Haydn rccch'tt! a comini^^^ion from FcTi:« Kur^, n comic' 

jctor oE the Sladt-TheatrCn to put =1 f^irc^ of ltis^ " Dtr ncni: knimmc Ttufi^V" tr^ 

mu^k. This /-n-ct.-, ^nf whkli the hvords ,^cili n.-ni.nri, thon-;;h tht? inusic h^ui bt-i^n 

JoEtt tvaf very puc^iissftiL anfl wa?^ |i!ayt:L| in V'i*:nn:i. Pim^juCh BerlJnn -md a num- 

Iwr jf olliL;r towns. TIil well-kncnvn stqi^' ^Nf ffiydn'i "Tempest Micsk" 3s con- 

elected x-rltli tlik [n ont ]>arr C^E [his pieet: .1 tLirihk^ stonn xv-si5 M]|>[30,scd Lo Ii4± 

i^ing, Ein<l the .itijonipanyinj! music mii^t of tours^ Jwi suil[Tbly dtj^Tl|>t!^^e ^ bin 

Iht ihffienliy w:l^ that lljydfl h:\cl nt-vtr -^L-n thti sea: tbtreEuri> had not the 

sli^ctsi tiotlon of wliat n bTorm Al sea was Siktr. Kura irit^ to descnht the 



^vnrts runnfi^ mouTiUfcin^ hitr^i, ih\^ i^iruhTns and CiwsT^p, thr mil of thunck^r, nfltl 
cUl- liowlingofthcwiiid: -jud llnjiln prc^kua^rill ^rLs ijl msIth j^rkv^ ucid noHv 
moHiCp but nontr oF it k tn tli^^ r^nsoicst tk^tcti like j Hurni nit scii, or aiivwrfit^rt 
ctitv At Ili^t after Kuiz kinJ bucunsc liiian^- with lii^ it.iulic^I dcsf;ujj5itio]iSp and 
Haydn'^ lin^i^Ts w^a- Hrc^l ol ■^LUinildinE Jl owr lIh: [^inksio. tht: JluIl- mtisici.m in 
a fiiRc trrj^hc-J liii hnnJs down on iIil- two ti^trtmcs of tht tnetamn^ni, cxcJJiim^ 
itigi '^L^t'ftliqvi! doni; wirh liiis Ecrm|jcj»t 1" 

*■ Why, lli[St'=^ at; that's thnj Viiiy lliin^ !"ii|ioqtUHl lli^: down j4Jill)MnK up ^mt! 
embr^dtip: hitn: and witli lUi^trtash imd Jirun of scnit(Oness to chctLnin^ u\ Hn^ 
pibii]o (liis ri'ouljk-^umi: ri^irnn:^! ^ras mo^t sati^fiictuj-jh' n;;jrc^i]tcd. 

^VIk'ii, n],iny ji:isrs jftcirwMrd, H.iydji w,3=^ nr^^^ific iltc Stntlis of Dover [o 
EngbniJ, amid his sLifTtrrinas lii^ coiald not tieljj I-tu^hing ai tht ludiciuu^ n;col- 
LcL^ions of fh]5 c;*ity c^jxiii^ncc; of his^ 

Things 5til] w^nt oti ianjin^iiiiE"- nnc[ IT^iyiin, wlio w:is ^ilwa^-? Euirky tn ihc 
parron^hc:^t^urc=[| (:it k'n^l jit:i:ordtn^ to thi: nolion jficmr ptitrocis thai Lht:n nri.-^ 
vailtdj, was inViu-J to ifn: CoLiiury-liou^rt of i Ji^rr vun i^lrnhcrp, el wir.ihfty Atn'^- 
rc!ur, eosi:[y Tk-rr^LHil compwtrqujrttiu^s fur hjm— n siykot mujiic (oj- uhkh ion 
FurnliLTg h:c[| nin fhputJ.J likiiij^. Tu lil^ prt>FFi|>tii]g le 14 tlizir \\\i owe t^lc: lovtrk 
seriL-sof ^uLirtL^iLL^-^ ivhiuli Ikiytln wruU-— lUll -i^ Fn:5lianJ fult of ^rfL-nc bciiitv as 
\vhc\^ Lia^l trkd o^^^r by ihc V irtuo!»i of U'Lin^iil The ikxI pk-ccof ^uocI tiirMint! 
Wijs Haydn's ii[jpounmtj>( hIs dirtccor of tlu; band and L:oni;K]57i;r 10 Clrhii L-cr- 
[linandMor/innc Luk^ivcr nijnr Pitst^ii ; and htTc, in i^.^jjils lir^i ^^ mi>hcmt'was 
W]-[iiijn. Eli-5 sal.irr w.i-^ ver^^ ^™nll^ (>n|y 200 llorin^ a yiMr [or /:jo\ m ith bnard 
[ind lodging ; hui on rhc scr^jiiHtij of it htr tnifortunat^jJy dL-tunnicitd un thL^ trri- 
&US 5Kp of cmli.ifkin;^ li^ nisLCr^nony. A kirbcr, n.xmciJ Ki^llcr, t^ said io iajive 
ken very km J to Mm hi die ilstysof his |iuv*:rtVp and out of ^jritltLidL Uziydn 
pa^'c ^^u^ii:■lt:^^ons 10 hi^ diLtL;hccTNr Om: of chtm, ilit vounj^t, \v:l^ yt^tr lirt^ttyi 
and llayilnf^ll inlo^'c^vhh Iwr IIeiC shu hteanic a nun; y.iidtho fatbc-nlhun prt-^ 
VDtk'd upon ELiydn to jn^irry tho i-hl^'i onci who wai> three vorjus oldei" ihiin ho:^ 
asour-ttnipcrudH bi^kiL and akmiinably selfish wtjmja who contrilputcd liulc 
to the hnppine^ of hts lifu, and ^n^ ahvniy^ hrttigin^ prit^ts nnd firars to [he 
hoLij^ and ■ivorTy[n'^^ Ikt pooL^icinpcrcd luislharkd to *]Opn|nJ!^c mnis:? and othorr 
ciinrch miL^ic foi lIuj^l' niLin. 

Count Moj-Hiin was coniji^^lk^l tr? rtvc np his i}and tn J 761 ; Uit llavdn did 
not rcmuEi'. "on^ ivjihom ompk^mtntn ^s Prinec ELi^ttrha^y, who had heard his 
&VJ^iphfj]iie-i :\i Mat^ins hou-^t-^ cfigTiGed him to as^i-^t ^Vcmt-r, his CaiHillnicistcr. 
Alt dirc^t[Qr of Prince E^torh.iifj '-^ b.nid, JJaydn w.is fated tay rtmnin ([>r many 
ydurs l]vln|; [it l^sterh^lx, t]ie prinuo^ cuiindy-^^it^ truanpo^ng there ncjriy ^11 his 
o[)Gr.ibH'ind sortK^H :ind miiny of his ftvrnfiliL]nif?P. 

In 1 7K5 I laydn reocivtrl a coin]tik^iaEi v^hieli sfiowod the \vidc repiLtatioLi lie 
had thLn gained. Tht^ Chapter of Cjdi^ Ci^thedrtit re^iucstefl hhn to write some 
JnsrrLinunrjL inu^ii: for performance qji I.VgoJ Friri,iy. "The Seven Words gf 
OurSniviour on the Cross" w^s in eona^uentc written Sy hitn. 

Several tnviiations had been Sent from linglAtid fof Haydn to pay r Visit 



Aiai^TS AND AUTHORS 

tbt^e I bur it Was cmlv Jificr Princt EitcrhiKy has tliz^^^l fhm ht ^Vni prcv^V^I on 
*jv Salomtin to m^^ die sct>. A tliairactfripTic cxinver^iunn ticiwtNjn hmi sinil 
Mo^.if I— ^^ hich (Ji-nk |j!aci' ;K:for*: lie undtrtMk thii^ in ihtMc dajs, ru;ill/ fortili- 

JubU- joumtv— is T^rarcltdr 

" I^jiiBh" -^iJ Moi^litJh " vtrn hav<J no tratning foi" tlw grrat wcufd^ and yov 

ificiU Loo ff^^^ L1n-^«a(,^^■^" 

lhhV(L[i ivplJi."Li : " M^' bn^^ud^e is nndcrstocKl by zdl the world." 

Ht set out Oil JJiXtmlH-r }^, i^ga nnc! Jul nol rcLiirn to Vknnn till July, 

\jg2. In LtHtiilon, wlii^ri^ \t^ wrote j^iiJ njonducttil :h iiumln^r o£ ^jmphoiucs (or 
Snlonion, Is-^^ w.is tlit " Yum " ?►£ [lie scnsoiv l't:inp in cxm^iant request far ton- 
duLLinii I onc^t-ns and |>5svii]y visli^ lo ihc nt>Liility- Of tlkc^-c symph&nks Salo- 
mon ontf ij-ild |o him : "' I ^mi simu^ii' of oL>iii[on lli^i yon [Jcvtr will itnp^a 

Lliis mnsic/' 

■* I ncVLi" nK\nL to try,'' wrts llie ^F^^-cfr 

]l4ic ilii^ iiursr n(^t !►& t;ik*:nio mmn thai H-iyilsi had pivcn up i^rrivina ^ifier 
tht ^^yc^L |K-iiLUion nt hl^ ^ri. anJ iL jirob.ibh mt-tnt no inort than ihui iov die 
tiuu^ hi.- XV.1S satii^ticd wiili lii-^ work, I-ar mure liko liit Et:ni""e cxi^ivsion of 
;hc fLii-^linc of tbu yrci^t nftisi was hi& tnu^nuteer jusL bufooj bf dijjd, to K.ilk- 
b^LonLT: ■' 1 li.iNr vnlv just k.inied in my old .1;,^ hoM^ to u^ \U^ wind-insi_ru- 
mtnl^^T Stid now th^il 1 d^i nriilt^risMnd tlM-fli, I Jniist It-a^^j thi; world." 

CwttM js rJie work ^iCLOinpliJiL-d bi bH youtli and uiirly miLnbootl uriLiut^iion- 
nblv wzi^ it rt-mairtrd i^t Hs old a^LMo act^ Nffrplish his is:rr[it«it \MNrk, jmd th.u hy 
v^hich h« \s Ifcsr kno^vn— Lhi: otsiforio nf "The Crcitlon/' !r i'i vnid thtii thclirsE 
iriL-^ii for this i^nnH" ty hirci ^^"hfn, in cr^is^ii^H ''^^ Tiaijlish Chsinnt:!. lie tNicxjnnlnjr-jd 
d ti-rritic 'Htcirni. Swi^n liltL-r bk Ij^ninng I^cpihIoci, wberc the word-^ ii^id Itt-n pitn 
hitii Ia- ^iilomon. Huydn ^t i^hont comjjft^in-; ilit.^ mn>kr '''Su'wr" he says, 
^wTis ] SO pious u:s wht-Tl comjiosinH ' Tbt Cmlion/ 1 ktii.lL cluwn rvtry 
cIjv Hind |ii;i\-cd God e^p ^trcn^tl^n Tnc ior my viork." It wsl^ hrt^L prodnc^d on 
MiiLcli 51. 1799. hl^ 67tb birlliJsU, lU tlit: N-iilonal ThcirrL, \ ii-nna, and w?iii -il 
oiitJ: LL0E:[3T*ltJ jin trxtrrtordbnny sh^irt ol ixJindar favor, ITitrft: is a [tathelcc slory 
of the lu^t jierfornianun of tlit ^^vK ^^ wheel? Ilflvdn, in txtr^^mcold n^t-, m 
■jSofi^ sx^s [irt^Mitil. whrn Sidkri LonoMLied. \U %v:ii i^arrttd ]n an nmi-chah into 
the hsilf, Lirtd rcecii\N| ilK-m ivith the xvLirniCTt gTCcfing by the aifdien^^^. At the 
Mhlimc |>a^sfiyi\ And (hen: w^s llyhtl" U.ijihi. riuite ovtrrtromc, m^cd bis 
bAnd. ]>ohitinu ninmnl anci st)iiiE, " It tume frnm thenei." Swn afar ihis bis 
a^tBtion innrcflsed so nliH:b ibat it wa^ th<>ujFht iwtttr tch Cnkt liim bonie ^t (ht 
ct>d of lUl- (u-^t |Ktit, Thi^ pr;0|ftu enpxvd^d roimd bini to take: ba^t, ;^tid Uctlbo- 
Ytn [ji ^aid rc^ liLivt rcvcTc^tuly kissed bi^ biicid .mil TorLhcad. After composing 
* TliL- Crejcion/' His^dii w,i.^ prevaikd njKan lc> urile anorln]T ^vork, of »n>t:wbat 
^n^ihcr eliaf]iL[i,^rH lo words tid.ipted from Thomson^ |jOt;m, Jind eiititicd " The 
ScJiyoia" Thi&H tbfjLi^b coiu.iinins ^orrte nne ^lu^t:^|5livt innsic and scvct^l 
chcirnsfrb-ot j^txTSt bcfti^iv, L^ tiot tii w\\ ciiu.il lu tiu- tfiriitrr u'ork. tliougb at ilic 
tinae ir5 suece^ ^N-a5 f|ujte ^ls MmpitLi-- PSul rbt^ tAtrtion nf writing [w^i such 
peal works, almof^t witb^tut i^i bctivecn them, was too j^reat. Lind he himself 





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4iJ 






^ 

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X 

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fir -: 



Jf...4 



BEETIFOVHN 



313 



Saiel^ "^Tiic Sta-^o-ns ' ^.ux hil Ihc- llnishiiiE Mn]kt." IV LiomfcjLiLdmciit of 
VieniuL by the French in i^c^ j^^rc^itLly dl^iLirlicc] tisr poor 4i|tL n^^tn. Ut i-till rc^ 
talned s^hmc of his oLlI hiiin£>r, :Ln<k dnrltis^ ilit: Liumclt^r []! eIk- Cninnc^n^ c^llciL oil[ 
TO h\^ stfrvjints: ^^ChJIdrtn. iloji'l ln^ frLjihicned : m\ liorcti e:i!^ happtn lo ^ou 
^^'hilc I layfln is In" !" Ik m-:i5 now no Inji^^^ir jhlc to toitiiNnsL^ nind to Li^i lnjgt 
uiiijnibhc^ i^u^rtcLtt: Iil^ jidJ$:d a fc^v Lars of " Uizt G^d^" Oj a CQUijIu^ifm : 

^'Gtiiii: ]3 all iiiv slJCLigtii ; otd and we^k in^ l_" And ihrM.- Iehls hi: tAustifl to be 
cnj^'Q^'i^ci, aiifl snjnt on 4i t^irtl to [he frioiici-* who vish4^<l lunt. Tl^t tnd was in- 
deed Tioft' near. On May 26, i^Soyn lie had his sefvjnc^i yjihercd rtjuftd him lor 
the In^ atlictas; tliL-n^ hy his 4|c^i^L^ Ih^ wis cutriLiL lu ihu piiiiiD, hvlicre he pinvcd 
thrte linit.^ ovt;r tht " l",ni|Knor's Hymn/' connjosi^d ly \um, Tfiea Iio was 
takcu to J]i!? Lcdp U'hcro Hvc d^iy^ artc]Av^rd he difsd 



:^ETLin\r-:M 




I 



V one of li!^ liiitirr-i to Frau von StreStrhcr, al 
rSstdn^n, lko(lioit:n writn's: '■^^'het^ yon ^^i-^lt 
IhcjinctLnit riiins, do not fc^i'gct thac B^eLhoven htis 
often lingered thtrc; wlun you stiay linou^h the? 
itiUnil fjinC'forcsL^ do not forj^^l [hal ISuoithi^ven 
olr^n Nvratc r^5t:Lry rlarre, Or, fts i^ is trrni-_^tJi com- 
p(]M'4L'^ lie M"as alxvitys fond of claiminj? thti title 
*'Tf?n'ditiutTp pnct in niusij: ; " ,-tiul sun'ly of all 
thf HmiT p*:niu^s who Iiiit'c vVEdkcd the earth, (d 
njjni' i;:3n (Itt Ki^irioxcs nflnn; of *^ fiocc^^ more truly 

ht iriVr/n thfin to E-UflwSfJ ^-nn jttvlhoVLTl. 

tlit^- FftEhtT, JohanTl l-c>n llci-tliuh^caK Wm A tcrtDT 
■^Ln^rL.-r in tlht: IvLt'Ct^^i^l Chntit^l of the A^4^hhishop 
iif C "(ilnL'iii". :t! iJojin, rtnil hi*^ niOlln-t. Mafl.i Mali: 
ddlcnoH was a daii^rhler ^^f lLil Jn-.LiE cnok ml chi^ OiLsLk^ of Uhr^n^reit^ti^in. TJil- 
Biethovon family originally came U^m l.ou^'^hln, in lli:l^'iuEn ; but the composer's 
grandfarlior hail Scittlt^d in Uonnn flrjo: ai^ 1 siEiuirtH ^nd afterward 4j:& Capclhncibter 
lo t!ic coiir[. Mu^iciaiib wtrc not litzld of much nccoinit in ihose da;^ and the 



m 



AKT)i>T.4 ANN v\(rillnR.S 

miirrl^gc ^jf n sini^cr wlxU iLit Lbuglitcrof a ccHjk was tioi ut n1t consicltircd a cUl-* 
ii1lifinct-\ J^rh;iuii ^vn^ [^ *si4 rlrtJriktrn SCain^iitu, ^mt! I^i5 fjo[?r ii'ift% in hriatfling 
pjj ]ii]r fiinijly ufy^m ill*-' smiiU jM^niurt i^f his mminE^ ^vhiuli jfht could sivc ftutn 
litinR ,^u:nukMt'^l Jit tin: t^ivem, h^il hi ]>ciijb]y li^tnt suul Itnnii hM^iyj^lJity lite ol iu 

Jo]]449ii] ynju tli^nicrej til*! c^triifirilhisLry inu^iciiL nuitf^t'iuetir^ of his child 
and :ii tumt s*;l [*-i h^^^rk [n rn;ik(: i " i>npdig^' " of liinin js U^m^lrf, ISrtirh, niir! .NJtv 
Kart hud Ijclji kiuru; for In lUi:^ wny [h*: frtrhi^rlKjpcil to ^curu* amhn: of wl-jUIi 
mid |:i;^y cc>ni|}v|k!nc^ U^t Kicii^clf. So tht iw\\ wlifii oidy h1 Ic^^v ytnrs <3]ilH waa 
[vt:|it for k>[i|"' %vtjiy hou^^ |>riu_iisini; tht- jjiaiio, ^ind one cjE the kitIi^^^c iiorii^s of 
Liii lifj.- i^ cjf thu ih^--yt:jt-atd litik- cliiM m^uk tJ? ^[Jtifl on Lt ImjhlIi htrlorL' rtie 
l>iino IliIoHii}^ opcr thu iioic-^, ^vluk ihL^ rcani lU>iT*:cI last tUwn his cht^uk^ .iL ihc 
c^^ld Hind nchin^^ |Hiin. ffotn ^^-hith hi^ h,"^ril iHi^km:isUT would «oi fdt^tw him. 
Iksidcs iiij fiithcr^ a cU'wi iL^Liskiiin ivlif] ludip-d tn rht ^^o^^::t^ PlcifftTT niii aljofst 
nr tN^: tht:ifrp, if^lvl- hlici ki^jut RL^n-thn^vn Lf^^■d j*Ect-r^i-nn| lo ^ly rhat hi] had 
k,tri>t more froi]i tlii-^ E^fulffLr lh:iTi iruu\ miv L^^c dst " bac ht ^vj*; t^jo really to 
ijH:t ciit falhtr in his tvr-iniii\ nn^L iTuiny u lini*:, wht^i (ho iwo ^rit]^^ inching 
home Late si iH^hi. from dt'i]Lkin^ liouts at eIi*: r^iv^TLi, thuy iiNmLJ nir^husL- rhc lillle 
fcHo^i^ froin lii^ sIl^^]i acicE ^t him to wo^k af iUl^ plninu leIC d.n'f?r4;:ik. 

iJai nuxtinitnujtor^Y'j'^ Xorit-, ihc ur^nj^^i of \]\\2 Archbi^hi^jZ-s jinvaii: ch^j^c^l, 
a i^mIIv "^t^ilfuL ntift 1u:irnc;d mLLsbl.aci, \v-hc» prLiLicK-Ll th.ic tliL^ l>ov ivcHild btf^^n^c A 
ffiCOncL Mr?/ait. Un^LrT \\\m iSiztrthi^^t-n a^idk^rl fi^r sc-^^t-iI yi^^iis. ^nid in ] j^2^ 
Whurt ht hvas hardly Lwtkv yLstrs okl, u"c; fiiij luin fiijtinp aj^ tjrjE^ni^c in Nctitr's 
plnior *li]FinG" ihc absH_-ni:ij of ihi; Ijtccr oi] a jouchlV- *niL' ncj^i yt^rthfi^c sunycas 
*jOiTH]y^'M:i! by ywcnt; Itccthuvxii. and *tc!dtcn|ed [u iht- ECkttor in julsotiic linyu^ii^tf 
^i'hich ^s*as prohahly hi^ fiiLhci'^ ph^duction, w't-rc piintt=d^ Snoia jTrt^r^v.ird the 
Ltiy uhi^ju^l the appuhitnii-'iiLor dK^i^l.inL-or^'nikl^l to Thi: lirL'*:uhr, with :i ^Ijiry of 
ji hunJir^d thHil<^rs no incfjji-^tdL'r.ihlc .iJ^Fiilon io U^n- Tr'^Lji't:*-^ of hi^ poor tnuihi^r, 
U'ho. \v\xU her famtly of three chLJdrcn, Liidiin^. Carl, and Ji^hijcin. :L]iil ihc in^^te 
iJid nlPfc frcr^Ltcnt vWils oF her nc't^r-do-wtJ] laf a hu.'^hiind to the tii^trn, ^v:LiSorijin 
griE:V[M^Ly li.inl |iui in it for nir]nc)\ Vouts^ Luihvi^ hjiE tilti%i phy tim^ fii hi; 
|il<^, ziiid lll[l(!oppcjriunfty fcHreduc'.icioi] - hiit amid hl:^ hjird work &oni*j imLje.LtioiiS 
of ii. m\^L-h\evi^\4^ hn^-ish s]>irit an: to bt foumt 

111 [h*; yi^T tjtjtn the Iilti:rofH d? IiciaJ cjf ih*.- TLLiloiiic (Jriltr^ liad to W- pres- 
ent al u grand c^LlcLxVc at \l\'TgL^nthtinif and ihiLJii^r hij f«oTved to t.ikt: hts 
mu^iLMl and ih(.Mlri4:.]h fljff '|\h'o ^hi[>i wurc chnrtL-rtd lo c^nvi^y rhc^y gentle- 
tni-ii ikiwn ihi; Khitst iicid Maine, Linnl a very plea.^nL cj^citt^ifjn, with all sorts of 
ftoLies jnd U\^rh rL-vt-llJu^r*?, thty h.id of it. Lux, a ij^ltln^led actor, \i^a3 cho^ik 
kinj^ ijf the e_^jii:diufin, add ivc HniL [^rt^thinc'ri lif^urin^ iLnujiiy I Ik- ^^:ul!KJns. 

J[] chu auCiircm of rln* j^ar (^il!t>^^inEb J ^i^^it ^^'^^s jKiid l^y [laydn to IJonn on 
his return (t\y\t^ his *itx:(>rhd joiEi-nrv to Li?:ul<in. The miisieian-^ of the to^Tii K^vt 
]h hreak^'ist at (i^Hteshtr^r lu hii honor, and here ISi^^^thovrn summoned Up tour* 
jiyc to shflw ihL- v£:tcf3Ti tnw^ician n u.nuata w'hieh hr had reci-ntly corflpftik!! 
This ^las warmlv iimlwd hy JUycki, acid pnNlrjWy ahout this liini.- arnnigL^cncnti 
wtrt made for lit.^ihovc:n xa ht reeeived \i^ a fupd by the <3lder tnasttrn It is 



r.fn . ■ 



BEETIJOVES' flil 

In ihi? pt-rinii that wc must pTuci-- n U'olUtiirtwn nncc^locr- The I'Crtinp jnuH 
slcijiiIh iJri^uJ}' famous in his own ncisl^horJicxxI, w.is tnEnjMi-iiniifc as his ca\n^;m 
WhK, ill the vopd oat^dc thu cily, tvhcti n rsiiiL^t-Lit ctjrs^?: j^n=-sed him. *rhe 
priL^hi, j,t.-4^irt;i liiin, iii^ninfly chcokud ch*: clirgu whkh wns k-tng L-hnuUiL, ami the 
proL^L-yloii iiJ^4.i| in si^3c]n]i sile]LC*:. "fijjr fi^ar of dl^turbin^"^ hjifl," ]n iJk Ije- 
ciinHng uf N^>vemhcr, ] ;-y;, the yornie musician leff [iuim for ^'irnd^iH 5Ln<L as it 
h4^pptJnc^L he; never ,JM;n^'.ird luttiriii^d id tin.- familiar ^^fiii,> of his liirrlipljCL. 

[Jcjjthoviii was iic:vt?t- ti VU17 easy miin lo get on ivitli, jrtrl hi^ int4;tt:o«r*vMvii.h 
IJa^Un. who ust-d locnll him ih.: " Gr^nr MuRul.'' docs ntic seem to h=ivc liccji 
thi" mo^t rnnully. lie w.is rik^afislied wlifi [liv insTi-uiziion ^Ivt-n him, and sus- 
pic^ims x^'^-1^? aH\ikt:n*!iJ iu iiis jntiid ilui tlit 4,UtT nmsiciau \v:ls jt^iilniis of him, 
and flift not ^vi^h htm 10 impro^^ Tluid thDLi>;hl^ ^crc 5trtnL.^heni!d hythc re- 
sult of a ch:ini:L' mLS:iiiip one duy^ as he iias waiting homt= with hts portfoLia 
tindtrr his arm. whh Jah.nm Schtnk, a sciLntiHe ai]r| tiioicju^iily atconipiished 
tnii^ictLiiv Uctiihoi'i!!! £:nmfjl,tinoil [a Jiiaii nf rlK- little advimct ht \Vit^ mLikh^g 
in ^{auHtcr|joiit[. aaiJ thuc U,iydn iici'cri' turr4Ji:ci:cl Iti^ t:j^[:j-d"^ej> or tniu^lLi hirix 
nnythiny:. Scheitk j^t^d iq look through tjie fibrtEo<io, snd ,^t the litst ivork 
IhriL I Iniviln had rci'i^icd, and on rsamiising it lit wh^ jtscnuiL^lKti id lind ni mtniler 
u( n^i^akL-^ that hzid nor hL:vit pi>lntt^ilout. It isdiflieuli to ^indc-rytLmd tiaydn's 
Ctindilcl in thi^ fn.ilti:r, for the pcrlidtoiis trcjiineiiL sci^iiccFL^d Ijv Bt^-ihnv't]! is 
quite at vEtHauce m[h (he ordJnLtrily accepced chrifMtcr af the old mnn, smd J 
wnnnr help fatieying Lhsl tiic n\\\y fouudaiiian (or i:4.echoveii'5 ^lU^picion wqs 
thii ILiViln did noi q^iiic undt-rvtim^E rhi^ i^rtiii*: gL-nius tjf t^l- voi^ch till ^Jme 
tinji; ^fte^A^^rd. llc^tlioi'i^n Jltxlieatcd his thft^- i-i-L^mrotte >ort^in.s 0|\ 11., lo 
I-Iaydu^ nml when ihe Inticr Sij©>tisrcd that ht -ll.^^ll^i atld on tht ililt i^iij<: 
" Pupil o[ ILkydiC iliL- "Grfat Mogul" refused^ hluniLy suinj^ " thnt he h;id 
nc^'er leamE anjiliiii;; fram him/" AEter l-Taydii^ AUin^thL-ihc-rp-r and S.i\\\:r\ 
ware for a tjmt his t^j:iulkL'f^, htit lic:ctliovcn j/ol oca tio huttt-t with them. :md A^■ 
hni;hlsljei^r Ktidn " IJj^e ncjtlij»g 10 do wiih Ihim ; he has Itamr ooiliinHi nnd 
w^it] Me\'4:r do anytfiinj^ in cli:eciit stylf." I\]ha[>s not JTi yuur pedant's style, O 
greiiL contrajJuntEst! 

IJc:^thoven canticjt Im: ^hl trt htwc bcnjii imfortunnn: hi his friends. 114^ liid 
m.my rnie ami faiil^fuL oin--^ thrtnishont Jiis lifr, .md ihonf^h he sulTi^r^d frojn pe- 
cLinJan- trouhk^, HAW^d In- tj^c goncln<;t o[ hi^ hrothLTifn he %vas nci'tr in SLith li 
stale of grindiTig poverty fts somt oiher artiste such ns Sthylwrt, have been — 
ntver conijk^hcrd to ^vusre preeii^m*; yL%^r< tif hi? life in produeitig " iKJt-hoikrs "— 
^i-orkhi^ [Hit for art ^ rmcth ^ for mrn^ fn<id and shelter. In [7f^4 ?rincc liiirl 
Litlmo^vvki, wh^ hatl ht;en a pxipil of Ma^rt, iind wlio, a? well as his wiic Uhris- 
tiancn wns/jWH^//rdJ /h-?- Ai ?FJi/jjr,i, prqiosotl that Q^rethovcn ^hrjuld come flnd IJvft 
at hi^ piiEacc^ Thnjy fLKl nn i:]il1dren ; n ^uiti; of ronms ivas |3Jac^:d a? the ti^xese- 
eUn^s LHi|j[i^-al L [lo Lurni^ \v'ere pr^iposed 1 iht: r>lTi;r wa^ thc^ nltiSt dL-[it^itt min^ 
Eiiendly Fmaj;inni>k-, .uid wias .liX'epLE^cL l^y Ut^t^LhijVfn ii^ th^- ^^i^irit in ivhlch it Wii^ 
tn^dc. Vqt ten yfrar^ hr, Tc^jdt^d wilfk the Liehnowskis. ind [hesi^ were prothnthlv 
ihe y^ar^ of purest hnippintsv in iho great lu^mjiosjjr's life^ iiilthou^h uarlv iti Lheir 



(jdlar^ cho itrrllple ^miction nf dcrtfiniw Iw^jmn lo W (<:1( Uy litn^r Hr :fci Jhis 

llmL^ fitt'h' friLi|umicrJ the talcms of Ihc V^jrmictc nt^^hlily, munv cil ^ih<>m witc 

ihti IliJW-COTTlt^r, F^Ht^rh ^irtci In^^iri^li ;it^ori*:nLiltS*.^i^ tit- IUUj^I IllVl a|j|X-LlfQ:J til Uit^ns — 
ftj^fc^l contnist Uy tlii^ cuuc'ilv t Livclci ^tiiJ S^lii^rL who mh^Ui b^' scc]^ stLlfn^^i^Hlc 
by siflii on [Jh" Tiy[-i in stPcitL- t^rjuikt'-i niu^]4--r[?i>ra]. x^iili ifirir ^h^^onls, wii^^. ml' 
Hc"^, M^k ^Uvkin;;-S '■■"k ^imlT-tHP^^.-^, xvSuk- iIll^ in^i^iLJLkjnL-lnokiiig ^iiiJ niL-stiiiy 
dressed Ilc't-iliuVt'U u^-d io ^isiiul uunoliccii in a i:unic^r. Ilcrt^ is a <l(.'scri|Htichn 
oi hj^appc;itm!ii;t! f;t^'L-n Ipy ni Friu voii Beniliai'J : " VVhnjn \\t^ visitt^d lis, In: ficn- 
cnilli" |5ul his hi-^il in ui thu door l^^^forc mtLrrinifn lo sen- i( tfifrt- wcr^r anv on*: 
pn^-^-nt liL ^\n[ nul liku. He wfl^ ^liort an([ iii^i[;nilii;4iic-ln<pkiiij:, Y^'illi j rc"d P.ict: 
eo^L-red mill pock^mnrhsn His h.ijr wa*. t|uitc dniit. Hj^ drc*^ ^-r-^*; very com- 
miPd. cjitiu: n coiiinist to tlic oln-'ir^mr latiirc cu^toman" in \h^^^ Jays> t-^pttially in 
ouj" drclt-k . , H Ik wa*i vi.rv j^m^ifLn ^nd I h^v^ kntpvin hun ix^fuse to jilay, 
tved Lvhen t.*outite_ss Thuiip tinj nnnlKT ol l*r»ii;i^^^ |^i<;!icinivJii, li,iJ fnlk-n cm 
her kiic^es lulore Inm us he Liy on Lhc Sof^i to ht^r him icy. 1lYt Cotmit-^*^ wn^ a 
\vn^ ccctnlrie jjcr-^il, n ♦ - At (hr Lichnowi^lz^' i taw H^yiin cM\\ ^.ifitri, 
who were then very famons, whik H^^tSoven cVL-ircil nn iiiiL^rc^t." 

]t Wbi*i in tin; v^^w ii^no [h^n I1cl-lIhj^'4.-]1 ^il Lii^t" w:is eipni]>L!]tc^l to Ai:kno^v'lcdffi3 
to Jiimsolf tfte Et:rrrMe i^.tl-tn^hv \.Yi .iLino-ii tutik! <lu;i1ncv^ that h:hij lerLiUi^n liiiu. 
He ivrilcs x^ hi^ friend \V*t^clLT. " If I hi<l noi rea^l samtwhcic that iiinn nuist 
not of hi^ own free will f1c|^Ji'l ihiis liL^ 1 ^hoitlil long ^rc thi"* havt Iptrn nn 
moiv Jhml ihnt ihroni^h inv o^vn .cc;l- . . , W'ti.il i^ to Ihj tin: n-^^\t of tin^i 
tlsc [food Go^l ,d^pn<' kiic>w^ I hei^ uf >^ju not tcs nientioiL my 5t:ite trt nny oni". 
not eVLTo to l^oit-hftt [^W^^lef's wiTt |. Burn" ht t:onth^[le■^ " I live unly in my 
mti^ic, an^l no ^^cjon^-]' is oitL^ ilih^L: tujiifiloiid rlinn LinosluT i-i InE^^unr In [nE:f> :i5 
at pT4:M:nl, I nl^ ofli^al t!jiHa",i!il an ifu-ir or h^m t:oni]^c]Siiion^ Jl ">li*.- nniL-/' 

lliit 11 Hr^r .]ll wfl.^ no[ jjlooni ; for llunjllio^'cu w,t^ in lovr — n^nc ihc lo^>: -pf 
n*^L'Lin^^ I.Miur ihiiin lil^r inlicr |H>^iT:^. he niiiy hnve c^;v]>^Tk"ni;eLl ln'ttjaL:^ IjuL dct^plyL 
tn*RlcjllyH In Iovl- : -tnd it art^ns lIi^Hh for a rji^c sit ksu^it. cIil^ luvt- mti^ rvi[iun^.l 
Till? fiuty w:i\ till- I'uLiiitets Julirt GiLici:i;ii-<li ; hm h\^ Jrc^ini din nul lasl kn^, for 
in Hi^ v\!LLr iSoi ^ht^ nurriHjd aCoLtnt Galkulwiy. Hnrdly Linytliinjf is known uf 
tlsi^ fovc affair of lieoiliovrns, A few U'tlci^ full of |M5dionntt ttnd<TniT^. sind 
with 1 certsiin vlit jiiithirtit: simjilv tnistfulnr>^ in ht^r lwi3 running llmm^h than 
all— on wlut:h lur lunn-inGe i^liftrtU' altcfW^itd is n stL■aLk■^^ eoinmtnt ; the -^ Moon- 
li^^ht SouLita/' vjUmtint!. ii-^ it i!> rhivuLLrh^HM, with n loi'tr'^ tuikrenteM re^^ts^y laf 
devotion, ihcst iire the only tu-conl^ of ih.u ont- Ipti^slul e|roeli in rhr poor Luni- 
pivicr'^ Lifi^ ; I>u4 how nlUch it LilTi-^Jir^ fiiif ^tfd^T Uti.\ htm' il mTn^k'il in llu- lIic^aeik 
from wJifeh his lotv-liL^-j-crc^-uion^ of Ijli-^r yturs arow. U is im)ws^i^hlt now to s.iy. 
Iti il letter to WOflcltr. doited NtPVL^mbcr i& iSoi^ h« Kiys, Vou csin h.irdly 
n^^ilizt^ wh-nir 3 niiscnihkv dL^>lj|i^ hTe minr has Inien fnr the li^t (wn ycLits ■ m^' 
dele<:tivu heiirinj? t^^trVvvliLTL^ puiMiii^^; me liki] a ^[jeutrcn ni:ikint^ inL' lly from 
cvcrv one, and qpjK-ar u mlaiulhrope: find yet no out in rentity is less so [ TJiPs 
chunRcftc^a h[ip^ii*jr |ile| ha^ been hrouj^lir nlxauc by n toi^ly and fasdnntinH 



X ^ 



:fp4- 



I' 

LI 



F . ,, ,. I.I j *iiUj|h m-l tiLUT^Il ri. -.L, - II' Friltl*' Ili^i' ihlrll^-.i' ..' Tll^ 

^ _ , It ^iiil t I h>- iJj<i H3ti|1*- '' H :J .* t ^. " 'i ^1|t riH^-Ilt k' \M\ ]] MLUlk^^ ^mIeT 

-I 111 11.^ -.fj '1 hj^" r 'I'p . .^i-'r i *^"-^. ■^=T^P OTfir ni-jw^i^. ^^t"^ ml- 

i|i ^^-n ta'i^"*. .^,p _b.i i-J, Mr' ■ ,- X ■- i^h- isi-JV"^-lti IHI-lj">killil; JdJ TJlL-Julv 

r . 'L-M^ 4?|Ll3^f'XL 4 -H J ■> . -t-k - XU nUth I JIh .J Lf'MLP '. I Ii-lk^ I* 1 dr'H;n|hthjII 

h| l'-H.T.rj,,||MILL*" ^*<i I . " H II [l^■^^■l>.■1^1 : ' ^Vh p ||4: vj^i^^l |l - 111- ^icc^- 

^ iir Ji 1' fcii - Tj7i- niTfcTinv 1'5 ^" ■' thrtii ^<tP i^tih iflu^ 

1,,,. E L*- rJ' M ^-<^* 4io> ■<■ "J'L "^ "k'-Li LatlJ^ ^titU n Jirtl ^lIl'C 

- .1 JlIj ;- <^ i>j.' - I li.iN i^.b*. iPl -Liiii. II-- ii: ^^ U'^* VcJV^ COtn- 

jinii] -jii^i .* . -bt-<^ ■ fc^K h-.-,:ni5 ^:iii r ■■■ r'*- ■ nl^y^ fc>p"''-J-Lll^ 'i^ 

, |., II -||- I In --1^ ' ■ "^ L '.-Tr-H 1,^]CI ri?|t^^ It* pl^fV, 

JH. tu^> - 'H.-. .. In- Hilk Ohr ^-,11 "IV i. fcV'N(J-*^ wU-H a 

.^H.f^ w l^^| i| " ' 1- ?r r^i'i.^ Tt-h^'. h * . ■ ^ ■ 

f - ^1pJ^^*^ r-' ■ '*JU\^ ■*-"* ^ -^ VtlirtVTl^4tiL' 

Irj . II ^ U.I IlLI <jfc .. ■ -'li"U * t .J -11^ ' ■■ ' ' 'T^ 

IIh.v -^ c-*^!* rr(i^. r V'-" ^r,\' f Ih - *-' ="in--r 

n*-^*' ' JH Ifi: ^■-;' ' ■ H im^ 111- ' l"V^ >J<-*'tl U" 

- rtti; iJmui-^^ :::- -^ ^ >*i ^ ^ i !.■ Ni- iln; ff ^iili biF rhit 

I L^rl ll I I" I ^ H, ..I .|^<1 ^l|V ^ffil'-" T^i Ht|fc L'^Jir^ 



„- -^i. r. a33lMiR«7WJff*ft. Mp-iPM LI- rtt r.iu: Ljltll^" 

n,- -..._-- ■■■.■L:i ■ ^r> ^ lii ' I Hin Llir. liirc hi| 

- -_ I :t ■ 'N- ; It '■■'.' HI p " f M" * ' "^ 'i-sTBiU^ 

. -^ . . -- 1 P .. ^IH ri Hull U If r r. 'Ill- 1 ■ ■ +tJ|L-4- 

i^ H_ djiU '-111 fj' L r- I r *^'i liHuf '-l^■ 

I I. ■ I in-iiliiifi/ M n r V r^" LuMi^.ri i^r 

* ■ I. . ' ' - ^l ■' i^r ■ M-*:- - -.*il 

■ - hj ^ ^ ^' 1 -■ ■ .^i-i"-,- 1. iiPiH"'n( : r^- " A]ii-itE- ^ 

I ; ._ I _ h ' , .- 1 r- pi^ 3i|H- ^ i'c*rA^y ^r 

■' ■ .^ I M --r ■ I . h -., l]H pfHM l'm>r 

I ■ 5 I--L I, .. ,-t - ii tirii^W iti iliL JiL-im'- 

< .■ "ir L Iml'H-.li I f .1 ■ ''I iHj-3iailflL- 7\o\y h^ >4jr, 

S.ih^ irh^ I ■ '■ |: -r , ^^^ ^^^ - Vau r.ifr hnnlly 
. -J* -.1- I-' in- LiL ll ' .J - ilrr Lm iw-i i-wrL- tin' 

, , ^ - H - -.- ' -^fpiti ^'^^ iil^i - 1^^^ -I*- JimkiJi^ *ii^' Ml- liii^ti 

j^^ Hi 4-. ,^ I ^14 .ii.JivlriL^ *ii- Lm ii%ilkv i^ T4-^?<^! This 

i.;i.iif^.i 1" ' - M -^^ ki:[yii Hii-i5i 1^^" M [uLcJ^ uFiil fiuidnnrtn^ 




I b J 



r_ 



A 



BEETHOVEN 3-ja 

i^r\ who loi'H 111c and whom T low. Af[(T tlic kpsc of hi-tN ycnni T hJV4.- ayJlrt 
enjoyed Sonit blissful nirtrcsciiis, lloiI iio%v i^x ^hv \\i^t. iimc I (-^tl elm nuri-iage 
can btslow liap|ptn<:is 1 hut ^la^ ^ slit Ji not ici iiic s^init rank ul life as m>si:tr. 
, . . Vou sliiil! wc isn? iLs hap]ij- a.-^ I am ik-i-tiiicJcL to he h*:rc bt:\i:wv, Imt not 
unluipp^^ No, that 1 could nat iNt-^r. 1 will i^^rdsjj l^att Liy the ilu-oat ^ it i^hsiLI 
noi uueriv i:T-u'5h [iiu- OIih it Js so t:l'=^rloijs lo li^t one's Ijte a tliou>dti<l ciintsT' 
XtN fEib^-inthLopv thi^ suttlyi hu<:OLilJ nOL nlways ^cak \Uv speudi of comnmn 
mtfi, orcare F^ir the Lui>l]y bruVL-ry of titles or fiiit ukJtht^ ba which tht^y stuim^l, 
but whtit [I hcJTt ibL^re WhTS In thti m:in, what a wonHtou^ insight into nil the 
hcauti- of ilic x^rlJ, visibk i^nd ifivistbk^ :Lrourid liEin ! Tlit m^^t ^lorifucs )f^vc- 
wnf cvcrtOptiiHsqtd, -' Adcl.iiJi ," wws vinttcn hy hint l hut Jtiliii (iuicctardi ]irc 
ftsrtrd a COLi]ii Gallt]]UH:r5, kt.^L?[iLT of tht rnynk :in;hivc^ in \'itii]ii, and ISiit^t- 
hovcn, to iHl- iitid of his clay*;, wont on his woy alont 

It xVH-^at thi^ time I liar h*; comiioseil bj> ^Hjforio, ''Tlit ^Tount of Olives,'* 
tvhicE] C.irt h-ml]i' ]>■: rttkont^t :tnioLi|f ]\\^ linc-^l wcNrks; ^nJ lii? one open— hut 
siicli -ni <^|^era— ^^ Fidvlj^v'' Th*.^ ^jrtritnjr \\^rx oi iht:t^^ xvorhs was eonl|M]^Li^ dur* 
jn^,^ Ilis VI .1^-, in tliti ^^^fnmLf inontlHn ui ileweiiclorf, .i protty, scdiicied tjltlc vUkige 
iicarSclienbninn. [L i^pont bis d.iyj^ ^i^ndtrinp sLone ilirouRh the qukt, sh»idy 
ollei's o1 tho inipen=i1 [Khrk thtm. and hi> liivn^rtre sr.ii was her^Vu^n tu"ft houghs 
of a vtinenible ^ak^ Lit £i heij;liL of alinui t^Vfi Icel Ironi ilit^ |ijrounLL Tor some 
ticnc bt: had apartments m a rH^sidtLKv of Itaron Projuy's, luar Lhift vi^.^Re; bye 
he sLLddenlv kftn "bccjusc the barOEi would |>trsiihT in making hirn i^a-ofound 
boxvs t^cn- tinie that liu met biiii." I-iti-'a irut puet, he drlirlned in the cotaii- 
tn-. ''Xo rflnn on ejnli," he wntc*i, ^Motv^ the- Jjoinitry iVji^a-r Woods, trtt,^ 
and raekgivr the rtspousc wbieb man rwjt^lres. Everj- irce ?et^rjjs |o say, * Holy, 

holv/^' 

in tSo-l the magnificent " Eroiira" iyn^|i}iOny iva& etitfi piloted. This hfld 
Ofiffin.ill^' heeii commrnued in linnur of Napok^m Hcp^a^^^lT^e, iliL-n I^irst Coftsul^ 
^i^ho, Heethoi'nn — [hrojghi^ut i]L'^ IiEl^ ili ank^tit kLpid>IJc3n — then believed was 
abuiit Lo iyvhig lihcrty to aH the njtioH-^ of Eitrnpt. Wlien the nc^^'s L>f iht cnV' 
pire caniL' the drcnm depsirtc^ln tind lleethuven^ in a jja^ickcsnic n^\ tan: the title 
ftiye of ii\\z symphony it\ txvf>, nnd, witl^ :i tfurenl nf impreeatlons againM the ty- 
rant. sEam|>ciI On the lem ftnptne]ir?L 

" Mv' hero— a tvLjnt I "" he ^ihnekcd, as he- ErampJed un ibL^ poor pa_[rcr Oti 
this pigiu^ the inSCTiplic^n liad lii^en ^tn^ilyH '' Itonaprrc— Ltiijn v^ Itrcihoi'Lr '* 
Fur some vcars he refund ti^ puhlish the wnrk, and, wltrti at Isst ibj^ ums doiit, 
the lnscTt]>C]f^" n-.id is follows : " SiLifoniii Kioiea prr fi^stisiaii il stivVL-nire d'un 
f^rand" uoano'' ^[ieiviic symphony^ to etlehratc llie mn-Fiiory of a g^al man). 
When N'rtpolecm died, in iSal^ liecthovert ^-Ai, "Sevcntet^n Vir^t^ lieforc 1 conl' 
poKfd the nmsii: for this oucnsinn ;" and mn-dv tio ^^'randL^r musit- Chan that uf the 
" Tutit^rJ Mzireh" wn.s ever cornpoi^il tor tliL- ni-^eiiLtirs of a f-tlkii hero. 1 his 
h not the placo ro enter Ento a dts^ripiirtn of tIk- niiin'i^lloiii jtuirccsslon nf cylos- 
s:^] Works — symEslioiiieS, coEitt^rtos^ jitJrtLitji, iii"'._ -pjirtcts, etc-, ciilmintiting in the 
■^ Choral Symphuny," liis ninth, tmd Inist— whiijlv thraugh tKo^c long j^ars of n 



^^ w ■ -■:C(a 



3M ARTISTS AX]J AUlHtHtS 

siIliu life. iin|>^is(Tiiicl w\i\\m Iifmstlf, tljt grat Tiira^ier jsut brrh. Mi^^ rii;ufTit3S 

|ji>:vcn[td hk :Lj>|irfnu;; in jiublic tu cc^ndLH;L ;iklioiF;_'l]. witi] v]w n^turil ULTiire 
of a izt^rnpoh^^riu 1>e jm-^lir ,u The- pmtKiaicm of his c\m\v:o\k, h^ longiirugHln^J 
lo tiiki: lu^ ]*aTt ifl the iirst prrfi^rrniLncM uf syni]p(innk^ Jii^l tijui3:rtfjs, 

Wliurk ifie ^€;Lir L^lioriil ^yrnrjliuny wjs Jlrr-i [Jt-rformct] he ^Ert:»n|H?d tD ton- 
diLui, Imi In rtjility :lisi>Mut roculiivtnir w-t& si:Liiii!ii\| iK'.Li" hirn lo ^i^-jj Lhe nyhr 
riiTif to riic^ h^jiil. Ale i iltu- nuijL^tic iit>cfLtnii:iiMl imncmuict, hml hccn pLuxJ 
cmtL! thy fiiT.ll (Hie, gonchiding ivitlh SLhilkT^ " Hyiflu to Jfiy/' The clmrus 
breaks (tirth, thiLii^LTin-; otir in concert iviili Lit] rJu- in^"Tran]t!1l|Ss At llio wjitlIs 
'^ Scid un^schl nntt^r, Mllltrhih^-ci/' [lie jiLcittnei: *:uulU ny l<jcig;LT KHiMin their ej^* 
ciu^ dtliglili nid burst ii]tLi Trtm^ncloLis ap|>|.iusc, clr€]^viiiiig [hii volumes ^Jf wLie^ts 
and Eh*?SfUimML>f sTrin^jinLl [iniss The hu^t nou-^^in; ht^iril, lmi:itill iStLthoitn 
^iLitiii^r ihtrc Lib^rljcril m thon^lu— her tlods ]ior knovr that tlK- niu>ilc Ji^ v^dc<t 
■!h^h^:Lsrht liFM ihnt ih.ic the \^^.o\*\c renltad ihi: lull dcprie.ificm t>f lnjatin^ 
ffLim ^vhjch hi: siin'ui'jjJ. t-Vjiukin l^i^i^-, ilii^ ^opi.icho, i^rt-nrl^^ c.ikos liis ;irm and 
tum^ him r^Jiniif To frant the aijdn hn i ny; mul til lllIi^, TIktc Lire fcvi' m iltnt ciowd 
whOn while llity ulkuor. tlu 110L ftxl tlic u-nrs ittrjlhii^ dottn their Llicck^ at the 
Sghl of the ppor loiuily n,M \\'Ui\ from the jTri^n-hoiE^ ol his alllictini], h^g 
brou^jhi 10 ihc-ni iIll' j/b^lnc-^-^ nf Ihon^fhl ^0 divine. Uiimovtjd, he bohtt-d hj-i 
&cknu^vli:dL!Tni;nl, ^nul iJUJL^Lly le|i chc litdhlint.. 

Mi« Inirtr rt:,trs WcrL^ ernlHritrt-cJ u-ith irtHdnl^--^ jfpout hi-^ m-phu^i; Czirl. la yuuth 
to ^%hom 1l4.- was fomlly :iit.idii.-d, Ijcit nn^Iio sliiiim-fuUv n-i^nid [!k love ol tin: de^* 
htu olJ maiL l^ttin* like ilii^ [ollo^vini:, to the tCii^^liL-r in ^%1]ohc Hoitsc thij lioy 
IlvcJ, iliow (lie cnn^T,nit Thtni!;lu .nul Liffrctlon j£U'en tu dd^ !ir>v : "' ^■"ou^ tsii- 
mabli! l^kdy ii )H]llu-h reijUL-atid to Ki The Mi]dLT^&t>;nH-d know i^ suon ns ;>osiihlc 
(rh.it [ nii^v rioc l^c ohiiatd to k*:c^p it till in my he^d; how niany p^ilrs of stock- 
ings, rroui*:r}i, shoKi, an^l dm^^-^ts Jt^^ rcfiuiri:d, and 1]qw nis^ny yards ot ker^j-- 
nitre Tfi m^tkc: j fSLifr of hUc\^ tom^r.'ns for mr t.il] m^fifK^Yr." 

riLs tJtnlh w.i\ Liic rj.\^ult oi 1 cold whicli prinLuct^il inlLinim[iltL>n o( iht: lunjis, 
On the momiog of Mstrth J4. cW?^, lie cdok lilt siierament ^md when iht eleri^'- 
m:in nvm^ Li^fru- .itid his frimJs ^to^kl ruuiad iii-^ lied, he mutlen d. " /Vxxfx^f//r /j//ffa\ 
rtw/^iv^^jj y^w/Ai r*^" He ihrn UW inlo .111 jiynnt^^^o |]>ieiise ihnt he ccjuld nci 
lonydr artiuulnic, lod clius uonrinued until Lhc ei-eninc or thi^ jOth. A vioknt 
thiimJei^tonn arose ^ one y^i ]\h fiitnds. w.itchhij; hy lils lied.^iJe when the tliuai* 
dtT w'.i'i roiWns and hI et^ ki rh^sh of iiiitttnincj- lit u|> the awc]fn, sstiv hfm suJdejily 
Optu his eyej^ l](c ]ii=: nylit Kand ti|nv;iTd for sume seconds— ,iji if in defi^mce nf 
thL- pmvera of c^Y-il — ^vjih clendicd d9 Dild a stern, wiemn ex|jrt'^sEon o[i hi&r^ee; 
and Liien lie ^luk bjtck n^d dTed. 



I 



PAGAKUNI 



PAGANINI 




Nicm^ J-*.iiTAM\:, wUos^ European famL- 



as « 
born 
nt Gcnnj ill 17:^+ !Tis fjithcr, li u{ininTi5sio]i-bt-[>k£r, 
\}hyc\\ Hjii [liv ira.LiiJollii ; Um fulJr ELwsti^: ot ibr in^ 
ri:j"io]'ily c>i .m iji-nLi'iatiitrti S" limttcJ iu po^^'tT, he 
l^ut a viollLi i»to l[!i suus haixis, f>iul inLriated hun in 
lilt: j]ri]it;[|>lL!s of mu^k, The chi^ci >ui:(X!cik-J ari wtll 
^\_ _^ muicr ]iJt:^Litjl luiiiojk, th^tt at tight yc-irs of iige lac 
>l-ivc(l ihrw: times a v-L-Lik ir\ t^lti Lhll^^;h^ as w<j|] as 
11 tim public saloons. Al tht iJiTii; period lie c^m* 
jHr^-^il a v^^nara, [it hU niiiLh ^t-jr tic ^vas placed 
5][i<lL*r ilic iiislRiclion uf Cosn Hcvt vi^lttnccllist Of 
^iLik[>.i; Ehon Ii[hI k^^oiis uf kolli^ a famous p^r- 
r^fFuit-r ,in<l ciTjiTipMerr anJ Jifi-ilU^ stu{E]ed cf»tinter 
po'mi ut Pjinnii under Ghircrti sou! iln: L;t!]chnitil thjl^uq P^ii^n Uc na^v took 
ail un^ae^um^iiE al lAuict.whcK Kl- chiefly assOtLitcrd wiiii pcir^ons who at ihe 
GHimius-ti^bli] sLiijiptrd him o( his rhIe^s ai> i[iikklj" as he zia^iitreil clitm. Hit 
thffi.- rt'ccivi^il thcapiHjintuiL^it of dirtctnr t^f ordiL-^ra to the cnutt, at ^h-^hidi the 
Pnnce^ Etisii BuedfichiH tisiur of X^iptjluon L, pre-^idcd, nml iliiiltt^r imiteci, tii 
itie fxill estuiil ol" liur inejiiSf superior t^leiu 0I" c^'trv kind. In 1A13 he ptr^ 
formrd flt AEilwii ; live yeai-s .^ftcr* at Ttirin l anc! ,suU^e<|utrntly at Florence ^nJ 
Naplt^ In ]S2S iie vi^ite^I \'tL'n]i:L, whu-tL^ z very popular violinist and cotft- 
pu^r, M-tyj^dcr, a^fceil Idiii Ikow lii.- [hroduced *iiich new^ clfeeis, Hiy reply w^ 
[;l>.ar]t!t!r^iic of a Stilish mind: " CAf^fi// n si'j t€crt'/s/^ In ihat eapita^ i^ is 
ji:ii:in;il, Itc w,h^ iin]iri>xii]cdf Ih'ing ;\ccugixl of hiii'irift murdcrcrd his wife H*t 
i^hjUcnjit-ni pruots uf Ids t-i^er lia^'lii^^ bueii iiLirrtr^d, wliieh could not be pro^luocd 
Then he u"tis qharac'd ^^hh linvin;; |iui-;ii.irded hi-^ mlstri^^ This he also pnbdt^v 
reiuitcL The fjct i> th^it he kiLe\i' heiier how^ ro rrijike manev than Iriundi, und 
he raised ujj e]t(:mics ^vIkicvhl:]' his tl^iriT. for e^U Ifd Idn], A^'jriet was his 
misLt^r-piLssiQu ; n]td, .'{eL;cinr| to Tfii-^f ym^ sensnititiv 

The year liiji (ugnd Pa^.minf In l^ai-^, in wlndi t\citnl>li^ ir^pitn! lie pro- 
ducr<i u Een-^itini^n not cnferjor to llhJL er^a[td ijy the visit of R<>s\nni- Kven this 
r^rnowne^l co]iipi>ser ivi^ ^^o cjrriid a^ay, either l>y the actual j^Trnius yf ihc vio- 
linist or liy tlie current of jsfhpulir c;^tflu^in^m^ tfiat Jll- Is Kiid to have ^lejn ort 
JieEinng PLiipmiiii for the fii^i fiifle. He anived in EngFiand in iSji^andim- 
mL-c!ii!u1y iiinouiited :t concert nt [he llalii^n 0|njra llou>r^ at j pvict ^^liieh, if 
^-Led^-d toj \\\Md kxvt yielded ^5.59 e pernljihi^ Imt the riir^^npt ^vasino audff* 
ciou^r tit^d hv Via^ cOFnijelLcd to ab^te his deitisind:^ lhL>uj;b he b-ucojedin^ na 



ARTISTS AND AUTHORS 



dra^^'tng nuditiic^^ fiftizL-n ni^^liis in iliit ^nsbti at rlic: <]rdiLinn' hi^h pric*^ or the 

for]iic[| ot bcn^^Ht?, nlw.iyii taking Lit tta^j^ :t tiit^^ prc^gjoiiion uf iIil- j^]^l:4^iL-^ 
He viT^itc^cE tnq^c af iliL^ y;fi^^t if^^vrs, wJii^re hh goQi\ fortune j^ciJI [lELciadL-d Fiin;. 
Flfz wa-i fti^kLd to \y]\iy nl the Co]n]iirmOr^tion Ff^.ti^Ml Lit O\(oi'tl, In ]H34, und 
dftniindfid r.c^o guineas for his as^iiziriYice ai ilircL^ CDiaucrris. Iliia tcrins wtre of 

I'.ij^.uiirti ditd at Kicc, in Ch^40, of a dis<]Me(l laryiazt ("plitliistti laryngi^t''^ 
By tii'f willfc djtiid r337i lie gav^: fiis t^vo sisters IcirJtJjjs o( Oo.oco and ^cmx^d 
francs J hi^ nif>[hcf ^ [icnwon uf i^^co: the mot tier fif his i=fln jVchillino (a Jt.^^vesa 
of Mi]dii] a siLinlnr pf:iisLon ; und llic rest of Ins lortnn':, nnioLinling to 4,cod.G4:]o 
frjin^, di:volved on ]iis son. Tlic^o und other fntti btfoiij rchtcdp \vt give on 
th4^ iinihority of the ■' tlioj^raphie Univtrsellc/' 

Pagnnini cerfjnnly ^^ns it jn:ii] f^f :T<;]nus nind a (rr^-nt ptrfoniieT, l^itl sacrificed 
his art to his av*ariCCr Ilis mn^ilcn mVlt tht vio3iii ivas alinoni iTisrv^llouSfc 
£hoii3;h fic m:idu tin ignoUk" n^t.^ of hts i^^^icr by emptfiyinjj ic to cipiiiMtn: ihe 
tnob cf prciLcndu<l amiti^uri by fyats UlUc b£;ticj- thfti] ^Iciglu-of-lir^ni His ptr- 
fornuncu on *i sin^c iliiug, nnd the ptrfttti^n of hi-o h^iT"nto]iits ^T:rc vi^ry cstnt- 
ordinan^ ; bui w-'hy, ^s w^ stiJi<;d ^i (lie limcn Inl^ c^tc^liiKd lo onti siring ^vlnjn 
there art foiii" at rantinr^nJ ihnr wouUf LtnH^vcr *^vt^jy niutiwl purpose so niui;b 
betttr? Hts toLn; ^i^jg pun.^ (hough nrht strong hi*i stripjgM having Jjl^ch oi ^lOnJliii" 
d]aini:tJ:r Llnin uslhI, to tnnhk' him U] ^tuin thuui at plu^isiire ^ f^^r jiu lun^^cl his 
ii^slncitlent nicj?nt cupsitiioui^lyp lie itillUE hu .l vucy expitiwivi: player; xve h:ivc 
>icjird him pi'oduet uffi^cly deejjiv |5.L[lu'nL_ Hl^ acjji'-^i^ios e^'iisctrt! hl^; LnowV 
(difc; of harniai^Vj ^Liid eqe^c of hk^ coinpo^Luo^ti i^^hibii nuLiy ot^igin^ wd 
bcr.EUtjfu] I nits. 



MENDtil^SOHN 

(]8of^-lS47) 



jt^i5;;^i;;(^E:JDKtMoitN'3 Ir^t in life iras stritingly riifftrent from that of nil Ihe 
'""^*''jl^!' inLtsit^inin^ of ^T'hom I ha^-'i; hitlit^no wiiit^^n; h*^ ncA'tjr kncxv*, like 
lH";^iA".t^ Hohulbcrt, whal ^Indliiy ]Nf]vcuy svi^s, or suffered the Ioe^^ ^i^orncs ^ 



li:^^*Vv-^,^ Jtwt.-;h l^anktr in LSL-rlin, iht: ^m of Mu-^-in Mcndv^-^hn, iphiloHO- 
phcr wluj^ wriOii^ iuo [ilreiidy inudu ihc t^.tine LL-lchriELvt [hr^^n^hout l^uropu. 
Tilt comp^mtr's fjthcr li^d lo ^ay^ with a. very naturjl pri<k^ iiftor his own ion 
had ^ro\i'rt up, " ForiUL-tly 1 ivgs thi^ son of ]fly f.itlicr^ mid noxv 1 am tliL^ fatlif^t 
if my ^on I " 

Fcli:^ Metiddssohii-BailhuUv was buj'» on Forbi'uaiy 3, 1509. His parents 




TAGANIhl tN PAIBONp 



I ^ . 



5IENlltLii50iiN 



S^i 







WTTC injTthti" of tlicni Tn^iticJ jtiu^cMnis, thoujrh Ijoth apprtcTjiled and \ov^ 
niu^ic, ^ihd \t ^n"? Trcirn hi*^ d]iOLl]LT tlii^t ycjuia;; FcltJ-^ receded Iil'^ Lir^i iniJ<iiCH 
l^.ssQiv'L VVhtn he IljiE ei^jcIl s^mit ndvincn:, l^icdi^Hg Kcrgor licoimc his lutar 

for Ihc pisinUp :in<l i^clt^r, ci i^er^" k-iiti3i:d 
^iS[| severe llicori^f, ityz couutt:f]joint. At 
ih*^ ^iliC cf nine ^xnrs I'tlis hud .ilcjini^d 

rhL- pi:>iiLifc»rle pLitl in fr trio at a publii^ 
■ . 1 rc af 1 I liTrOuger^ and whi^n t^ri-lvc- 
'.t.ir^ ulil ItLi Ul:^^i[1 10 E:f>in jK)!^c, jud hIcluoI" 
W ^^'ruU- u Lrirj, ^t^tni: sonntaSffl CnnXntni, and 
>ni-L^r.il orjjiin |>iL4.^s, [lis hnrnt^ lU^r vv.ii 
. I . -jhust dL'p:n:c fiu'Dnable^o hf-^ mu^j- 
t.j| hk^H_]ij]>nicnn. Oa^ .ilitr[][i:c SuiuLtyt 
inLt^ii:,il iKMfni'inatitr^'S \\'\iV[^ reflulnrli' given 
^^irh ^\ smull orLlif^ir.i In iht: br^T: dining* 
loom. Tclix C5I' b]5 sisL^T Fantiy, who nl^o 
pr^f^'-e^t-'d ic^mnihHiliLcj iniL^ti;^! iiift^, liking 
4lic |Mnn£Hrni[f ]Mitr di]id ul^w cratnpO-hiLltPnj 
Isy E^'t^iiA wt^re Lihvays includtnl iai ihc: jjm- 
jimmme. Many friendi^f jniislciiOi^ .ind 
rTthcnSn usefl |f> he [Nreyt-ist. Kc^!i<t mn^ifcl-iTly ninionj; Muir numhcTH and th^h piecxs 
h^^-re alwjy^ fri^t-lv ei-hmniejiit-il in], l-Vlis rt^eeiiln^ then^ a^ indcrud Itc did all lus 
IieV, tlie criticisms esjjL'Lis^ed, wiili ilte turnout pot>d-niXtciTeil T*.\Tdint^j^ 

in sS24 Moi^hd^rs, at tliai timu rt L4!M3r:t|eJ pliinlsc, mid rrjiidin^ In Lonituci. 
visited BtTlin, nind x^^-^ nsked tu givt Fcii^ inu^iL'-h-irtpi>s, 'ITiis is llic KsiinitJiiy 
tif Mo^lide^H an cAcclk'nL ^ind kiiid-hcLitLL-d nui^ nnd a tfiomiiErlili^ f^kiJlt:r| mu- 
sii^ic^p, nftet i^punffiDiT neaily cx'try \hv for ^tx weuks ^vith Mii^ EomHy : " IL is Ji 
family such hIs I Wiv^ ut^cr knm^'iL bL-cun.' ; Pl'Wx, :l I'E^^iiurc ftrtist, anrf x'et (jlli 
lifted ; Fniii]i\ cstracprdinarily giTtu^L^ playing Itich'^ fui^^ues by Ucirt tind with 
a^loni^hTo); curreclnea? — fn fnctn ^i th'^Riu^h imj?iL[aii. Tht: |Nnr^^nti pvt mc th4± 
itnprti?wton of pu^jph- nf phi: highest culcivaliuu ; " and un the >{ubjeet uf Ic^sthns 
he says : '' I-l^IIx lia^^ n^ ne(■^l of ]e:^?ons r if he xvishes to lake u hint from rin^ 3s 
to ati^Thin^ ik^v^ ht: can eisily do Sfj." But it is very pk^isimt to tind ArnutcLs- 
sahn afliiiAV'sLrd L'l^fi-rriLi-i ui thvw lemons ar^ lia^Hnij nr^^ztl hii]i on fi> t:rilliyna:^m+ 
anflf ill ti]c days hi Loaidoh iihen hi^ cyw'n /amc lud fftr uaisErl)P|jcd tiiiit f^f l-^tc 
oldtr mnsician, ackivnv[ud^'in[: ItiinSt-^lC as '* Moseliclc^'s i^ufiiL" 11io i-ldrr Men- 
delsohn m\5 by nn jinans uarrit^l '~\\v^y by tht apjilanse whtL-h iIel^ IkjvV iHlavinc 
and eonipQ^itiL>ns hud trained, and in 1S25 he look his sm to T^arii; Can^bMin 
Churu bin is opinion js to hi^ musical jl>jlil[cs, with u eie^ lo the choice of n pro 
fciriio[i ; for he h^id hy no nit^jns n^udc up hH min<i ll^it l-c-li^ ^honlil 5|>cnd his 
wlio3c liFe as 11 niLisici.m. l-low<i\^r, tl^c surly ^Aii Tinrcntine, who wa-^ nor al 
wa>Ti civil TJr T3p|FFt.'t:iative of hudditi^ yiiniiti; (/^j^tf licrlios), g^n'c a rietidedlv fa- 
voraljEe jud[;inc:nt on ihe conijjusiiLoix^ ^itin^itied to hin^, lind ut^nd the fiith^:] to 



*■ 



xT i-i b_i - - 



dmlf nis sou to a mutiiiMl i^^xrctr. Ami, indctti. \.yi\ listening to the jileccs i^lijc/ 
"Were daLufi this jTsir, csjicdnlly a licnuiiEkil qu-iiti-a m U minor, nn ocllL (dj 
^trjn^r^ ihc niiwjt ij ;trt wpi^n in i^vo acK " Ci*in;ichf>"s ^V^:tlili»)^," aiid nuciitiruiu; 
pinnofortc pi^Xi^ it i-^ dimcult m rc:iH;:ci thnt tlic t:L]itH3trtt:r vm^ tht:n ujt]y si\Lwu 
yctre of aRC^, or ihsU iinyrjitt; cosiU itui^stiod ihL^ -^rrl^tlc; vot^uiun ih:a L^l-jiuiLjd 
hiiHH Byt the next J^nr :l xv^irli WhLS iiTitltiti^ i.lic .-itcjvc o( \vhkli i^ m^irkijd 
" Scrlfn, AuRUsr 6, l&5fi," ^vht-^n Et atiusr he? nzrntjrrtliL-rLvI [Im| ht- nNiS j>^:v*jjULtai 
yciiPi in" .i;ji . whiiili of iisolf was sulTicicnt La racik him dhiiion^ tlit immortjls — 
tijt ui'i^riurc iL> tiie " MiJ^uiiim^T Night's Dr^-uu/' I'ull of Itivtly inuigii^uigs^ 
^s:lti) [1 ■^'iinfl^rrul f.iiry i^t^icif :i]f its o^vi], ^nd j Lt'ivFLL^hiii^ bLMitir, rt^vcnfiiif^ na£ 
only iU<i ^y\.\.\ ^^^ lEii: true iJOc^t^ hut alvi lIihj iiiusii^iatL pruEcjuiiiLly fkirk-d In hiU 
tlic ^Lft {^f urchcfLiul i^ITlicL^ ir 1:^ liaiJ to bel]4:v4: thLiL it is Lkc^ ^vork of n briy iindc:r 
iwenly^ Y^'riiLL^ti ha tlie f^rfghc slli]1]>ilt [l-iys of iS^rjn in fiis rHkiKeT's^ifdiin aE Uef^ 

l^Li^icbg DVLT eIi4i intcrtiiicd'jiti: ycar^ ivjth a f^tnijilc rt-fercnce |o the " McLire^ 
Hillo:'^ "C:ilin Son ^inU Pi-twjSLN'uiis \^ovaj;fo/' ^vhich w^a^ then cu]"np^ji<!j, :m^] a 
Jint ]>L:i'foi']iiaiice of Biich':^ " l^stion Music," for ^\^liich he hml bc:en lou^r drilling 
tlt^ m^n^bLT!^ of thri^ EJ^vihi ^in^nkadcinitH the iic:ct trvent I^ si ^^i^iE to t^.th^^LtEiir h\ 
cSj9, wliL-T'c he UMS ivcH:i^"<3d wilh uxtraos"diunn' w^rnith^ pliyitiji at tin: PlLlllsar- 
inonic^ Coiiijerli.", jjondutLing Uis C minor Sy]i^plio]iy, which he iJcJit:atal lo ilie 
Plullbirinonrc Society, thty in tlieir ticrci cloctinjjfbirii one of \}tc\y hoi]ijrat'y mt^n- 
hcn5 ; Roirtfi to dinnH:t^ I>liI1^ and Liiu I iou^ of Commons m^d unjoyiny htms^^lf 
most hicjijHjIy. ll\i; luLtcr^ h^w Engluml at this lime nrc hiimmin^r- o^x-r ^vIlIi lun 
and jTKipfnC ^[05CLip^iol^ ^ llu'rc \h one; especially aiflit'sfnjrH cH ^vhiuh ]hj iftricrihes 
himTTtjll' \vith two n- i^-l-- i^mi'i^^ hoint from n Intedinrtcr tit (Tic Gtrmnin Aiiiba^i^i- 
tlor'^^nnd L>n thi; k^,iy buying; thrt^: German ^iiuKige^, ^i0^ng do^^naquict street to 
dc^^'nut rlleni, VF-itli all tht: ^viiiic jffyotM InHij^lncr anfl -"inatdie^ ol \\tTt. son^^ 
TliLTt ii? rtL^o H little incident of this time Jiho^vinji the wondciful nw^nory he po$^ 
5LSSi-d_ After Li e^^necrti^n ^^ Mid^miiner NifjIiCn" ^^hi^n the '* Midiunimer Night's 
Divrim '^ hid very a|>pio|>riately hecri playj-dn it iiMji fomjj that the M;c>re had betn 
icMil in u liacLriu-y-^^oiaeh ii^ the party ^vtrc returnirii; lo ^^rH AttxvcJoJ'i ■' Nwcf 
rnitid/' fiiid MenLlcls^jin, " I will make ^norhtr/" whicii he did. .md oai com]^iti* 
jDij n-jLh the .■^|>.ij:i[c ]>.i]ti> rpuE a ^InjEle di lTt;rcn£:r^ tvas foLE]td In it^ 

Atthi^ iK'^innin^ i^f DL-^cmhi^r h^^ ^i'lis ^it home a^tin^ iind tfinc xvinter lie 
wroLt tho '^ Ruiorm.nio]! Symplxotw," inti^ndLid lo ije proJuecil iit tlic ttrrojnte* 
nary fc^ti^^] of the ^' Auysbut;; Conre*.^ioii ** in the following June, Tliis sym- 
pLiony, with which Mentli^Usohn ivas not cntir<;ly satislied, %^'as only once per- 
fotined during his lifL^time, Imt kliicc Ins dmth it lias fri:qu^'nt]y been perforniedp 
'j\^i.\ though not ono of his most perfect works IsreCogni-ied as a nohlo nionnniL^nl 
in lujnor oE a great eixnt. T!ie nest spring he agiun set ont mi Ins tra^elsn this 
tanit south wnrd to Italy. 

In tS^^ Mendelssohn acccpti^d an olficiid po^t offered him by the authorilies 
of Doss^ildorf, i>y w'hich the cjntire nmsical ;irrnnj!L'mi'nt*i ol Llse town^ thiircK 
theatre, and ^in^uy societii^ vi^ercput uihIlt \m Caren ln^^]L^J'an^^rl|1. the cck^t^red 



jWd^ bein^ ^*[fe;afi?d with him m Iherflrft-im nf the tTieatre. Thlngi. fio^At^^tp 

ditl uut gy on vcriy iinocn.ri|y iktrt ML>iidLls™iin ]"oiiii(l all iht: nmtsy worrN-s o! 

n> Ijv ,trrqn^cit, tht; many \\isl& lo he coi^ijiLina-d— tgo i^tsome^ ntitl he did tiol 

^on^ rL-(LLLii iliis Li[ipciintmt:Eii.; liut ihc; VitM amon^ hi^ Im-iuis At Da^t^Uprf w^ 
fHOiii ilL^Ii^htfulp ai]<E [he Jciitrs v^rjittn at this cjmc ar*; t^Kccuilingly livH:lv and 
Cniy, It wn*; litft- Limt Jic rLO-ivcJ the comm[ssjoii frorj^ ihc CEei:ilia-\^eK:iii o( 
l^rankfiJl'l for, and uitmin^rninl. Iii^ ■.^ramJ uniLoflii " Sl \^uU" TIic words fof 
this, as oI-^Q fur the" Ij^ijah " and " Hymn of Pniisn-" ifct.™^jrd, he stikcit-d hifn- 
a-lf ^rith til*! Jivlp of hts fri^:iul Schub^inir, ^m\ chi^y strt L-ntin^lv from Uic Bible — 
ds liu saiJ, "The IStUt: j^ .iKvayi tht bc^il af ilL" Ciri^uiustanLcs pjcitnutd the 
oraiono bcirtj; iht-n prod^iutd lit Fonl^fortp and dii: ft-"si. ijublk pcrfoniiin]i:t i^jok 
place at ihc Lower Rhint Ftstl^til ^it DusstldorT, m Mnj, iS^S, 

But Ills viilt^ tcj l-nnkforn h^td a /tjy if]i]KirtjiU resuh in miorher vray. ^Jcn- 
dE:L^:ihii lltere mL-t M.L[|cnr.^[-i<.Hc C^Ul- Jcanrcnnud, thi: d.ntyhuT of a ji.i^mr flf 
the Frciidi RL'iL>rnn:d {;hiin;h, aiid^ lliLntgh he had fruquciuly hidnlgtd ijh iht 
Eidmintion of l>eautiful nrid ekvt;r irasut^n— n^hich is alb^^ihk, and indeed an 
absolute nLrccssity {or ^ ^jiM^l l—^mw (orthv ([rit time iiefdl furioubJy in plain nn 
mistakatiie and downt^l^ln \qvc, liut it isinore chameleLfstlc of tlic staid Tcuiou 
th,m llie lni|>ulsii'L* musician, th.tt before jiliglilinn^r hi^; Iftith lO Jiur lie ^\xn[ away 
for a momlis imhiih^ jit SdieVemiiE^^np in ll&lland. lor ihc purpoi^e ol lesLhig the 
BiTimgrh of his alTcctiofi by thi^^nb^^ce. Ou his return. Unding: |]es ^mnitory puIsc" 
Slill bcatii^K fitlisfaulMrily, he pfcppOHtd to the Vonng lady, and, ci^^ it must \yc pre- 
strnlcd Ihat slic had already madr: up her uwu mind witlioiiL any iwjlng, he was 
^(xiUcid. Un March aS, 1S57. th^y tvt:re nmnJcJ. and the ui^ddcJ lift tliat Lhen 
bcRin was one flf pure^ uncloMdt^ linppine^s to the ^ry t:iid. C^cilc Mcnduli^ 
£cihn v^^abaiuttfuIpgentle-hL-^irLed, and iM-in^^ ivife, }\\M ihc oncto^r^ca ivcffnF 
and ncrvDit^ artist an the hein-^-liic, tt'itli htritlf and the children tiL-Ar hirnn iJitf 
bks^icLi scjijcir of n^st and tzaltn [h-ll he m neeilcJ. It is thus [hat Ed^^^^rd Dcv^ 
netil, ihc flTMt GeiTnan aelor, unJ one of Mt»Jt:t^^^hn's mobt intimaCL inciids, 
desi:rEUes l^ir; "CJi:ik vras ujm l>( iliow street womanly natures whosti jFtntle 
stmjiLieity, \vho\^ mere presence, ^othed and pka^d. She was ilcybc, with Fcat- 
nres of strikial^^ heinJCy and delicacy' ; liL^r Ikdr w.is between brown aiiJ jroid, but 
the transcendent luj^Lrc of hvrcre« blue eix^ and tht brilliant rosijs of hc^ 
^vere sad b-irbingers of early de^tk She spoke liltk, and rn^vcr wiih animacl^jft. 
in a low, fflft voiee- Shakc^rwares words, '^ ^ry graciouii hi Icnee," applied toh^- 
ni} les^ tn^tn to the wift^ of fJoHobnu^ 

After giving up ItlsoHlejal position at Dftsselriorf, in jRj5. ^Fenddssohn wji 
invned tu btcQine tht eonductor of the nc>h^ famous Gt^^^anJKau^ conctrts al 
Leipslt, rt post winch he t;!adly aecepl^^d. and whit:li. retJuiic^iE hy hiro for many 
years, was [o be imt of 1 he i^i catest deiijiltls of hi^nrristle lifnj. Not cmly wa^ he 
ioi't^d and ^ppreejau^ in L^ipsic— far more tlim in Ui^rlin, his own cirv— bat lie 
hail here an opportunity of u>L^i=itin^ many compust^r-^ and rrW/z^^T^; who olherwi^ 
would have souyht in vain fm m hearing. Thus, after Lisi^t, when vitsitincr the 



^i "ttf 



>aO AGISTS AND AUTHORS 

tohvn, hail been firii nfall Fcccivc^! with ""^sit coldno^ owin^ to the usual pv\ct^ 
ot lulana^-^cocj tij cht: cnnctft^ liiivjiic l}ct:ii raiscJs Jlcriitklsiolics scit cvoi'vihing 
sttnii^ht Ih h,^\ Lilt; j| ^►jtOi; in his huiu^r jit ilnj (jt^i^'aiiclhcms^ ^^^licrc rhcre were 
three hunJrcil =^riil ^ity ji^uplc, oruhc^in, uhGni^, jmiucIs, pa.^ir}\ Mijorcsstfilc 
Psahti, lijicir^ TTi]jli; CoFictno, chorusc:^ fnmi Sl Paul, Funi^-^t;* nn Lucia, th^ 
Er\ Kinf!, |]jc Oi^^^il ami his GJ-nL1f^nl&t^iC^H :ht l,uler p^obijUy ^i niihl iiitiritiil rcf- 
exi^Lict 10 LiS^t'i sttjfjn^^ iiid ofttn intuhcrtcit jflaying, U l*^ al^w jtlcA'^iit to lind 
hu^v cordiiitly Mc^EitiL-EK^oh]! rcceivfj lierlW ihcjCp ^(^ lold in the '* Memoirs ' of 
the kitier, sjK^citliiL^ ungtydgin-rly Lung days in slitting in rthuatsali For li!& 
■^ Pomto^t Julinittc^" Jsough Mcfidd^^!>ohti nci^cr gnjpathHred Hiuch ^vhh Btr- 

TJnj " Loljgtsang,'^ or " Hymn of Pr^iiit," a '^ syIltphOE^i^3-t1nl5tEa/' as hs 
oiled it, WQ5 his »uxi great wo^'Il, cojiipoiu^tl in 1340, i^^t-tliLr wKU t*(bci- mu-^ic^ 
At the r^quEjst ol the LeipE^c Toii^[i^C[:iunc!t, Eor n fesiiv^^l liirhL j]^ thaE Toivn ih 
^Wtlti]i:nlonLion of iht Lnvtntirni of |]riiitii^g, on Joiit: jjtli. NL>iie ^^'ho Um-c 
be^rJ tl^j"^ tt'ork can lor|;-jt thu Ili-^iI iiii]jri;iiioai protluLed ti'hcn tlic gm]iLl in-^lrii- 
fiii^TiEiil TiHavcintnts w]th whii:li it coiniiiL-ne» art: merged in tisu niaJMtic elicrrtiSp 
"All iflCft, i^LI things praise ye rht Locd,'^ or ll^u inieiiscly dr^maTiii cfTt.-i:l t-f iht 
ropealt^d ttti<jr err, '' VV.itchmaj], will the nlglit soon pa^is ?" ^nswt:rt:<l sit last by 
ibe dLrar ±;opT;inu incsKasic cf yl.id liJingrt^ '^TJii; ni^^ht i^ dc-jiJirLiiLgn rlie d.iy Is ;lL 
hiindr" Thjji "ivntchni^iii " cpisodj was added j^ine tiuii: afLcrxvjid, and, as he 
toLd a frieatd, w^is sit^ivtsccd to the co]]i]iost'r (Luring ihe weatj hours ol a long 
^epkss tiight, wfiL^n the words, " Wifl tJi^^ ni^^fit soon jjass? " a^Litn and hIj^:?}!! 
seemed to l>c t'L^pe,iii:d ro hin>r but a gjvutet" ^vork even llian this ^^^as now m 
progress ; the '' 1l1j;liIi " Piud been brjvun. 

In 1S41 fwgan a troithlcriOmt ami liar.i^ing <:onDCi:lion with Btrlinn a city 
wfttrc, H.-\eupt in his hainc 11^^ Mciidcl^olin nc^-cr scenic to liavc In^n very Sw 
TMnatj;. At the rn^enl iintrtaty of the king, he went to rtrsidc there as iiead of 
the new Mu^^isi] At:cdemy. Sxit di^s^tieiiients arose, anJ ]w- did not lo^i^r [^te 
aii 4CEive part in the m.^nsigci-fitntr The kingn liowcv^cr, W4.S vufy an^iaiui iv re* 
taan hii tLtrv^iee^, and a art uf jrcneral office iecms to h-i^^ betti crc:^ti:d for hini, 
ihe datit-^ of whjeh weru tu ^ujjplv mn^e for aui' di^mitic works whiek the kijig 
took it into liis licad to have so L-cTLlu'llliilitd. j\nd, thouyli it is ic this thai wo 
oh^'e LhcnobJe '* Antigone," "'OZdipn^," '^4lJ|alie," "MidsurnniL-r Niyhi's Dreiiin,^ 
and other muiac, this Work to dictatimi wois v^hry wonyinp, and one eannoL hhitik 
W]tiiout iiDpatienec^ of iJie iinnoyances to whicli be was subjL^tijd The king 
could not understand why hij shrank from ^\ritin*i niusio: lo tlie cUoruics of ^Es- 
eP:yluV^ " Etinienidi.^*' OtiiL^r compose rs would do it by tiieyard, why not he? 

i^i^inijrjpitlly over the inlcrvening ytira filled vvitli liasy work^ hoth ni conl- 
prtsitif^n and lis one of the priiieipiiU of a newly started ConstRTitoLJuui in Lefp* 
elc;, w<: conie to LS46, wlieit hc^ grtat work " ElijaK " ^v^as at last cou^j^letfid and 
pt:rfotint<L On All^'lisi :!6tli, at ibc liiririiniiliain Festsval, the |>erlotnuncc 
Went spltrtdi^llvr Sraadi^H Loot lltt: ]?.ir[ of ihc pruj^het, and a yL^ung tenor, 
Locke/, fiing the air, " Tlicn sliall the rii^hieou^" ju the ksl pajt, as Mcndcls- 



MliNUEiLSiOHN 83; 

3ohn ^}% '^5D very hcapHfuHy, ilui I wm^ nUllsjed to cfillcei mj-sclf lu pnivtnl 

has II toni[j<«?4;r ^^■> truly fLali^t^l hi^ r^w^\ tt"i*:4.'|]| ion j^ MtnJtls->^li[i d^l \n the 
great toiit-l^itCUrt: ^ihlch he ditw of tht: Pru]ihct ct| Cirnli;! aki<[ tlic X^'ilclcrrtcSS 
^*l ti^uri^it 10 myself/' ht; sjys^ '^Elij.ili h1s h gMrid, ml^hEy ifruplici, sudi ai 

tni^^ht zlg-Liiil rL-.h]J|>i:.lr irt tJUl" O^VIl dav, tni-r^L-lic Jlid I^LVilou-i, iilcni, ^h-mJlifuIn aiaJ 

cati bct ri3iL:r rltm iliis^ ivitli [hni 4::>^L|iLi:sitij louch m ihu ht£[ ii^ord:^, ^'/^^^/'/H'Fcii^H /^ 

Aftor rtcucning to GtTm:iny he wns sorai busily tinijiloyed m recastii^H some 
porlioiis of "Ehjnih " Avith ^vhicii Ui: was not Mtislicd; hi^ h:hd iiIh> duochcr t^r^- 
lorio on cvni il t;fan^l4J^ iiC^U-, '^CluistLiSj" ;iLr^adv cummciictLl ] 'And at hsi, afic^ 
all hi-i Jil^c^loLi;; Kukin^^ \tk vjin Eor n gtH>J tibr^lto U^r iin of^c^niL ho haJ b^^un [o 
ail ^?nc wriLti:ii tiy Girtl>cl, tht; G4.']F]iaii fjoct^ '^Liarekyn" ro music. Hut i]i5 
fricnU^ n[>w notkcti U^>\v ^voni and wc'jtry hi: iisiril ipfitrnLljiic^s lu !uuk, jjiJ h^^^v 
struflgt-^ly iTriub]*; he fro^iiLt^Dtly was^ iin^l ihtrfL- ului lutdly Ins d doubt thjji sonii^^ 
form of li]C ccrdsr^l dl^t^ from ^vhkli his [Hitlier an^ s^kTm! of his rcintloiK 
lint! (litj, ^^as silrc^tly, Jcrp-isatc<l atiil ohscuri:f dis^jLLieiJiig htm. The suddi^n an- 
ni^-untijJflcnt \.yf th*^ di^ath of hij^ slst^if l^nniy Htust:!, h-jrsclE -,\ ruiisicji] yoiiius, [o 
ivhoni |]4^ w^ t'4.'j"y EufwHy ;itt.i^^hal, im his irturn m l^riHikfLfrt fron] his last visit 
to KngbriJ iri Mjy, £^47, ttrnhJy afEictal hiin. Ilo tdl lu ihc graLnitl with a 
kuiJ ^hriekt atid it \i'=is loi^i; ln;for; he rctvivtrcd con&jiousncai 

liiduLHE, iL m:ty he s-.iid tlui ht ucVt-T tt^Hy rcc&^ci'cd from Lhk sliock. In 
till! sujnmi:r hu ivtut ^^-ith his w'de i^nd cbihln^n, qnJ m ecmifjiiny vviili hiin lijuiiitir 
Pauj and his famtiy^ on 3 louc u\ Sxvil:=r:r]]ind, whtrt he lH3]>t:d that tJom|>lc:Ecf 
idlLrnc:^ as riigards niUiicH life ici [ht: typ^i} jlr. ^ktlthirtf^:, and inlcrtPiirse with 
chf»5i;n fricrndsp uiij^^til once iiiure ^ivi^ iiticit^'th tu ins eaifc:ulakd nrivc^, ,\nd fox* 
a time the beauty of tiie iiiouiiEiins .^nd tiiL- Istkus SL-(:i]iLd iu Lrhiir hitii rf^t, ^md 
nguin he be^n to work at liis oratorio ''Cliristus ; " but siill his f]iLtkls L:cj[itiiic]ed 
ansious ahoiiE iiini. hic looked broken dox^'n find ^^^d, si LOiisuiit jj^itarli^n 
Seemed Lu pt>>sesf him, and the k-jst thing ivouLd ofUjii htongcrly MT\ict Urid upset 
hi]n. 

In September he retumLid to Lei]>sic ; ho xifiis clieii more ohcirrfuL, and nhie 
to taik about tnui^Lc: ftnd lo xxtSLi:^ although he could not rt:sunie tht eondiietor^ 
ship of ihi; Ge^v^tnilhqiii; cont.T;rts Me tignin had projuets in viuw. Junny Litid 
tt^js to siriy in liis " Elijah/' jit \'leiifijl, xvhither he uoLPld go and uofidiietn unJ Itc 
\vaf^ alhour to piibiish some ]il^^" song^ Ont: fby in Oetoher lie ^^ent t(>i:al] ii|)on 
his frJeiHlp Midanie Frcge, a ^ficd lady xvho, Iil^ ^;iid, ^^^mg his wngd l>elL4^r thiii 
anyone tls^, to consitit her about ^^uniL- taeiv ^jn^^. I^Jil^ SL^ng tjiv]^ ovtr to JiitU 
several limc^ anil then, as it was gi:tling darki sht- went out of tht niom for a 
fc^v minutes tcj c>rder ligliEs When >htf returnn^d hi? was lyin^' on che suf^^ shtv- 

ering ^^'ith eyld, ind in nK^"'i^'^"'iir [mi}. J^^eeheji were a]kphedh -tnd he llnlrlial]/ 
rcco^'t^red ; but aiiothi^r attiek followed, fmd this %vns l!i^ list. 



^ 



AKTI^rS A^D AUTHOliS 




FRANZ UfiZT 

(iaii-jS36) 

FHAS/ Lli^rT Mn"^ 1>qm in iSlK Ht Kjid [ht hci 

S]>Lnt ol l^iH iihCj[licr, Ljiitl 111- iulii^rkcJ ilit 1<)fly JtifLo- 
]at;ii^lt:ncr~i^. ^N'lth ncini^ of tin: cLis^ pa^juiticc^s^ of ih« old 
[ [i]i?^Ari:i9l itabitlty frana ^^iiicli fiu spniii^. Lis/.t's 
- faihtrrp ;Vdjii^. ^.-Lini^ n Lnodi^^t Ui-c-lihauJ ^is ng^nL nn^l 
UL^coiLnLjnt iu i-liL^ housL^ <5r Count Eilcrl^Liay. !n th:iE 

i].imc^ Qi II^vJe] 33Lad ^ilmlK-rCt AiJ.itn l^i^^L linid frc^ 

qucnl 0]>|>crtuiiitiL-£ of inirt^tlnj^r d!s[iLi»ui^hu{l muT^Lci^lns 

Th^ piji^E^s pviviiLc Lj9iJ li:ic] riM^si ic^ piibiii: Enmc un 

4er (he in^tniction of tf^u vtiit^rablc ffLiydii liinisclf. The Li^zis, fjithcr nraU ,^^n, 

oln-'Ji wtriT La Eisti^-otadr, VntIicti: the cDiint liv^id ; iliurc they fubUtid cUm^i'jj wiih 

Chi^rubLLii hitid Uunicnd, li pupil oi Mu/^hrL 

I'raiiit took to mu^ic in^nt lii-^ tarlitst chtldiiootl. Wht:n [ihaut fi^T; yefli^i old 
lie WAS o^ed what he u't>iiht lik^i io da. " Jjjiin] ihc piinon" sijd tlit LiLLle feU 
low. Soon ^iflcnvanC ^^^s fnthtr u-^ti^d Inin wliat lit: ^v^utiU likL.^ En li^" l sIk tlilM 
pointL^LJ ic} ;] prEHC of lk:>-^thov^n h:Ln;:Hi^ on i.h\i \v\iiU mid said, ''Like him/' 
Long litrEoiL* his fccc (^iitil rr.^t:h chc pod.d^ or Jtis J]»gcn> stretch iii^ t>i:T<iV(^ (he 
boy t"pcnt nil his -sp^ry Iimic liicumisiiii^, [n.ikin^i; ^\h.it he aillud '^cSimj^-TH'^ i;liortl^ 
imd mO^luUtioivi- lit isusli:av;d scait-it eliiiI L-_'^L:L^i>t.^ wkhout *lifii4;ij|iy, 

C^irTBV at orie*^ wok to Liy^t, liut h-'fLiM^d to t-ikc anything (or \\\^ inflirut^iioiL 
SiilitTj N^'zts ji]si> fisulci.tral, rtiij in^fruclcJ him in ImrTnOnV ; ^md forLuuatc tt wms 
lh=tc fvl^c l>eR"-is^ hl^ cour*ie undtv iwo strLc; ]iii;ntt>rs. Hi^ soon iK^i-nii to riisent 
Q»my'i^ jiitihod— thought Iw ktieiv IwttJjr mid nc-i^ckd not tho^ dry studk^ of 
CIttntJiti Md ihiit [rhsomi^ (inptring liy nik-— Iii: cuitld \miy^r -mylliirtg in i 
hLdf-.i-do2er_ difl"(>rtrtit imys. IlKre UjHa nit>mtnt x^htn it stccnud that inyHlcr 
uaid pupil would have to puit, iitit rimcly coiact^i-si^m^ to g^jnius pjvtd the wny icp 
dutiful sLilinii^iunH and ycar^ jftcnvard i[jt: j^n^Ac inuju-r dt-rlicatc^d tti ihc rigid 
di^tplinnn.tn uf his Imyhotid his '' Vingt'4|ia:i|ru Grandos Etades " In nlTottionstce 
rtftitnit^iancc. 

iaUH:li a light as Lisat^S eciuht hol Im; kmg hid ; all Vi*;rin:iH in iRsa^ inbi ti^lk- 
ing of tJic ^^TjndLT(ul hoy, ''/zs/ d^^f t^ ^^/V/' wrDlu tiic pa|>Cr^ profanely. 
The "Ihtk l-krcules,'* tht: "yotitig giant/' ihii boy " vtrtuMO Irom ihc clouds" 
"Aere Jimonii ihc opiihcis cc^incj to eeletrai.i.' his miir^'ellous rendt-rifijis of I hini' 
mcV^ ^' Concerto in A,^ and hI /t't4^ " Rmta^izi" of liis own, Th*^ \']i?niia Cf>n- 
an ifftll wai crowdtnl to htar him, and tlio tJthcT illustnLms urtlsEs^ — then. ^ 



MM \ 



miJci;([ ihcjy have hwn ever since fnrcud to i|o wlicreirer Liszc n]>|K^jir4^d — effiu;tt| 

It h a rcmEirkAbk tribmc [c^ the ^<:tiertit:s naiitrc :is ^^-elL ns to iht^ consui^t^ 
na.it L- -ihility of Ll^/t, chat, while opposing piiitjsjii-^ hnvc fcitight liiLicrlv ovtr luiii 
— "1 lijlherg^t^-'^r Uci[7Lic^, jMc^iuJel^iF^ohnilo" zvrj^i" Li^LiLc:s — -yet fetv uj iIll^ ^rvaB 
orii^iii wlst> lan^'r, tJLie afLct^.irttNtlier, IlilI tt> yiehl tn lifm in popithirlii' h.iVL- ilenit^l 
to liitit ilitir ucl[^irata4Fi, wkilc> nuj^t uc tlii^m Itttvc given him thL'ic ffioitLlj^lujN 

Lts/l cfltly w<>t]cd, intJ i^.irly ^tiin \='iuimnH He spuki-- ever of hLi ikvir 
VitJititsc, fl]id their rL^i^iPUtidlii^^ ci\.\\ A cuntt-Ti [our en liis wiiy lo J^jtis brougiit 
liitn In^fort? the critlc.il public of Stiicri^an Am\ Miicntli. llumnic^F, sin old t?tin, 
onJ Moscliel^^s, tliiiJi in his prinii^ liu-irtl lili-n nntl du-eljj-eil tlj:it ]iis pi^iyiai^ wa* 
equal Lu i1tLnf?L But Lihift^^^os bLUt tipLMh Luni|>|i^lii]g jij^ stciclicisin tlie celebriitcoi 
scIiodI oftfic I^iciach 4:.iEiiti1t .imL At lliu Tl^i of xh^ uld muscral dictator^ ChL-rij- 
bjni. Tht Erar^is. who woi-o iEc^rint^J lo owi^ su anucli to Lis^t, stnti tu wh^pFU 
J-i^zt throuj^^fiout h]:^ Cnirter oxv^ so much, ^t oin;e |imvadciL liiin with Ji nisi^^iaiH- 
cent piano ; but Chcnihini jmt in ^t^rar a Ci^rtaiii lj)'-l:ivf of the Const ["^'zitoire l^:^- 
ciu^lin^^ foreigners and e.^dHtlo^J l>i\nz Lk~zL 

"riij-o WHS a hitler pill to tJitj e^i^nT stadcaiE. Hi^ lurdly kne^v how liuli: he re^ 
qi[iiL-xl 5uch pntron:*[;c. In a very sIioi'e time "/-^/^^jV /Jj::/ ^ w^ii the^vtaE l\trii 
senwlion. Tlic old ^y^iV^y.^^" tried lo ^p^rl him with ilattcrj^ the Duchtss^i tit 
Jk-rri drU;rj;cJ hmj w \ih honlitm^n the Uukr of OrlL^ni; talltil liim the " licili: 
Moa^yt*" H^ ^ve pHs^ie eoneertt^H Lit which TTcr=^^ Mu^he!^:^ l-iyfoni. and Dt 
[Sertor, ai-ssisieii, Ra^ini ^Y^ontd yt by hi^ side he the pii^no^ ond appljud. Ik 
WhL^h "miMcW The company ntvvr tired oT i^Mollhi;^^ hli " ncrt^e; lou^iie el 
iirigimi!i[(^/' while iIil- Liliei; ^tho |iettt^d nnd i..trt^M.Ll him niter ^\ikU perlorni- 
ojicCh were delij^hleJ nc Jtls simpii; and fitaeefid carriaut-, tlic i;lL^ci<x of iiis Ian- 
gtjiirjc, and the jjL'cleet hn^edhij; 'Mii ]^rfj]^nely of his iln^meinorH 

lie wa^ unly txveKv^vhtti he played for the first time :i[ the Itjlidn Oi}omHaTid 
one of thijse sinf-ul.ir ineidLni^ \\'\\kii remind ont" of Paganini'^ trluTTiphs oc- 
cLured. At the clust; of a 6r/i:'x{nx rti^c/j^,T, the himd fmi^ot to cDi'in^ in, Srj nb- 
sorbcd were the anusicians in ivatclung riie young j^rodigv\ Their failure \y^^ 
wortli a (lozun sueeessei to LW/A. The ball of the mnrvellous \y\is fairly se| rolh 
insT- G:\M the inventor of phrcnolorjyH took a ejst td [he little Li-vzi'^; ^kall ; 
TidmUi (lie tri^gedian^ cmhraccd him o|jenly with eltysion : :md the niEs;inilirD|>ic 
MHinjul-^ dc Noaillcij bctime his mentor, and initiated liim into the arr of phit^ 

In iBj4 Li-^H^t, [hen thirteen yrar? ofd. came wtih hi-^ father to England : his 
mcHher returned to Austrhu He w^cnt down lo Winder to ^n: Ge&rge IV.^ 
who xvas deliglttcd witij him, and Lis^tp spcaldnf; of hijn ^u me, s;ifd: " I wjs 
very younij at the tiniL-, but I r^memljer the king very welt—:* Tme, pum]uut5- 
lookinH suntknian. G^.)Tgi^ IV. iveaic To Dmry Lane on |jnrpou to hear the 
boyp and commanded an encore, Ll-^^t ^-i-o id?o hLard hi the thealre at Man- 
che*iter, and in ^^teml private hou*k.^\ 

On l^ls relurn to FrineCj people noticed it change ii^ J^jmr Ht wa^ n^\\- four- 




984. ARTISTS AJjp AUTHORS 

sivch' rii'i^fl (tf li*:m;; -j^Llrd " Ijj i^t'tii Lj"-;^!/' His \'U\^n\ lnjf^ixri tti ul^c i vviiJc-r 
'^^t^p- Tlic j'cliLiioii iK'twct^n JiJ~[ ?n<l rcJpgtc>n i:r\<^rcuHx-c] lijm. lli^ iiiij^d \Vl^9 
rmTurilly Jui^iur. Tliom-is i Ktnn>is ^v^i-j his t:c?iit-Cant tmfl]i;inicn. ^' Rt^joicj' in 
ntrfhin^ Imt a j;fnjd cIc-H^d ;^^ "Tlittimgh liilior to tt;j»t, ihrouyh tcinibat loviclflrj' ;" 
^■'rh*i K^"^^}' wliicit Tn*^n ytv^ :3nU wkt iii irat^nitory,^' tlit^-^^^ nin^l lil;^' phr^H's n'cr* 
ftlr-j-iiiy tlcuply ciiirrsU'^n ort lli^ Htshly (^^►lt:t> <>E lais Ut.%hrt Amid ali bis ii1<^'- 
^n^ iriLiiujith^ he \v,\^ dcvdopin^^ ;i <^uri<>iiH dLuncliEquiiiju io npiJCsir in i^L^blic: he 
iiLi*;nitfl to yc:irn Inr ."^QliiMiEt; rind mi^LiiLLiciDti. 

fiq jSi- hi2 \[g^m hunk-J tD liin^^Wd tor 5 short lime, bm hii [allnr'i 
i^suddtn lllnc^ dn^vc tiidn uj liuvloj^nL-, wiitn.-. In hi^ El:ml'-^c^"l:nlh yt^tr, tin^d 
Adatn L.WA, Icnving the ^ouny l*raH3 fcr ih*^ lli^t time ji^ h\h ]iW, at ihc t^riy 
J^^.J uf Mvii-<-ci, unprtPFt^TfJ and stlonc Kcjusing hinisclf from Ihi; bodily jHCHiiri- 
tlmi -LTid torpor <>( j^^fcfiiuti which ht Ind iH^iFiUirov^n by ih*: d^-^uh of hislaihttr 
Fniiii, witii ndntiTnibk tntrj]?' :iiaj rh.ic hl^li scitsc ^jf liynor which aUvayg dls* 
tingui^hcd liim, Jhstju |<> set h^ hou-^e in order. He Lulled in ;^]1 bis debts, wld 
his magnJIiccnt Rriiid " Erard" and left lioulo^de Tor Paris wlLb a lieiivy heart 
find a light potk^^l, hui. not owing a soa 

Hc^nl tor hi* mother, aaid (or :hc nest twelve yertr*^ rS^S-iS-fOn ilie two 
li™d top;cthcr, chiedv lii Paiis. TlKre^ as a cliilt!. he li:Ld bu^n a nine diys' won* 
d4,% but ttic ^olidbv of hi? t^puLation w.i> now^ de^Ltncd |o ^cp hjiid in h^nid witb 
his ^orrny ^nd IntunniPLL'^T ment^il and niora[ dL:^i:lopniciit. Such a pJ.iiiE cc\i\A 
not come to maturiiy ^dl ^i once. N"o djnwinjjj-Toom or conceit-room succuss itut* 
isliird a heart for whicli tlii^ \Torld of hmui^n emotion sLrcmcd Loo ^malln and an 
EoCt^ik-ct pl^rcin^ wiLh intuitive hrLtiu-llL^cnuc [hlo tbij '^crLc^r-u1>i>cure" dtpllis of 
r4:ltgfon and pbiJo^phy. 

HiLt l-rann: was younfjf zm[ Franz w;*s p^norn and hh mother bad to Lc ^lUp- 
ported. She ^vfl5 hi^ fprit circ. Systtniatirjllvi he laborc<l to put by p ium 
whicii %vould aE-^urc hi:r ul a ^ompdUAcyn nnd often with his t^nrjer j^l^eii:!! j^mlle 
ht would ri^mlnd lacr of 1^15 "\^n^ chhdisb word^ '^God wiJI litlp mc to t-Lpay yuu 
for idl Ihat you iuve done for me." Still he labored, often wofully nj^oinii the 
gmiiu 'M>ovctty/' he wriics, "ihnE old niL^dl.tior bi^tw^c^n rn-itt nnd ci^i], tort 
in? from my zi^^Liturln devoLL^ |o ine^licjtbgn^ zind jjl^n^d nn; beforL^ a |]uI]1ec on 
wiaom not only tny wvii but my own nsocher's cxistom^cr d-j]>ended. Youl^H ^irVd 
o^'4jr-.'^ti Ahii^d^ ! 5ihlTcr4:d p^tnfully under tlie eonract ^vith exctriiii] tilings u-luc^b 
my I'cjc^con lI^ a nin^ieia]} hroih^^ht with it^ and ^^^iuch woicnded nn: ^l] the nii^re 
intensely llki^t my liuart at this tim^; ^viift fdlL^d ^inirtly xvith the niystieal f^^ijlings 
oc love and rdigiion." 

Of t:oui^e the gifted yonni^ jjinppijft'^ Co]>i]ce[ion grew rapidly, lie got hia 
twenty francs a lessort nt tht U"st hou-^L^ti he wi^ nrituraily n welcomtr gut^t, and 
from tlie fir^ sctnicd to have the run of hifih Pari*^iin saci(;cy. Ili^- life was 
tt^^erlsEip ]\h li^jti^ity irrej^iur, fii^ heixbJi Tir frori] ^if&ng ; b^t the vu\^t cempla- 
ciuns of tlic jpiy cajnmt seemed to have licile ^Uractson t^r \n^ noblt: nuinte- 
MhS heart remabied uui^pcjiled. Ue was moj^t ^neiuu^ tLj tlio^ w^ho could not 



' kru Jf )L-J^iH rir-^_v rt>>+^.' 




■rrotiltfl pay for Ilia lewons, mo^i puiful to ihc jjoot, mont dutiful and rjjTcciioii- 
oru ij lii^ [fioilicr. Coiiiiiiy home hte fioin ^mc jjniid cinicnfliiimeiii, hi: would 
sit Liuiside Oil lilt sE.iiiciiifu lill moiiiina, Montr ihin aw^^in. or pcrlujia aliirni, 
her \ii- Idling himsvli in. Hut fn losing h\^ fjilicr lie secm^J [y have lost i cer- 
tain rnoilickl jiiJ ui.rur, [I[i iiK.il^ rt'crff iTft-jplliir. so wiiii li^ lessons ; jiion: sg 

At [ill? [line lie WIS hardly [H'cniy ; ivt an: not surpri^d jnan lo hear [n his 
o\v\i woid.-;. uf "a feiTiiilc fonii thj.'iic, nnJ j)urt;.s iliu Jibhu-si^r ot hoiy vc&ici," 
Ijiii Itu adds i " Sucli wns ihi; sacrifice irhi^H 1 olTtrcd wiili Uflts to the God of 

Christ inns I" 

I will csphin. MUc Caroliiie St Cricq was )ii*t sevcpn:':», liche, slender, 

ani] ciF "angulic" U-jifiy, wiil> jcumpk^ion like u lily flushed v.-\ih rose?, open. 
■ ini|-n:Kionabfc to b<:-juiy. lo [In: world, to nll^ion. to God." Tlic cdlhhqs, 
htT inodiLr, appciirs lo l,:,vc hc>.-\i ^ dTirining wulu.iii. vc:ij- p,ini.il iq I.ivi. ^h^m 
she L-ai-T^ii^-A to insiriLct XJ.idtinoiftll:; In mniic. Lhc lemons ^voni iiui |>y limi^ 
Imi l.y lEiclin.iiioii. Tliii young in.iii's L:fa-|iiLTicc, i-^ricd kuuwJcd^ ankiir lui'* 
o( li[,!TniLin?, and Hiialiini^ ^nius won liorli tfiu niotfur :ind iliiugliiL-r, Xoi one 
of them seemed 10 iui^fcici ilic wliiji|Kiol of j^ic( Jiiid death to which they *'t'ie 
hunying. Tlii: cuuniciis fill j]| ^nd died. Lmi poi LtcfoiE fh^ hail r!;coji|incn<lcd 
Li-it to the Cumu Sr, Csieq □■^ a pLissihk suiior Cor ilic li.iud uf MidDinoiscilc. 

Tht^ fiairyhiy Jlplom.it, Si, C[iW[. ai onijc put Id^ foul dm^'n. The funtr.il 
over, Lli^i's mu^'cmejisi were wjiulitd. Tliey Wivc Innocent cnorjgh. He %vfl5 
Birciidy ^n r^/hti d<^ hj iitiii's,»', l»ij| onr; iijglic ht Jrn^rtd reaiUnj; aloud some 
fai'flrin: nuihur ^o MmlumnGtlk ,1 linle [qq \jX':. I-Iu was rcpuncd \,y ilicicr- 
Vsim^. ,ind received li^.; polii.: di^mii^al ?s niuiie rna^cr. In an Initrvitiv wjih 
the couiil hi^ own jvidc: hm^ ducply woimdrd. " Difference of rank ! " said the 
ccLLiu. riiji was .jiijttf cno"s'i for U'=^^. He rose, |>ale as deaih, with qui'.tP 
m^ Il|i, bm uttered not ;i ivQrd. As u ni.m of lionor he had hut one course. Ht 
and Caroline ]>aT[cd forever. Slic eojiirjtiitT laier an nnconEvnial rnaniaec ; he 
&4jemsla Jiave tun]td vvilli inuiiw ardor «» TCli|.'ion. Ili^ j.ood mother used to 
conipi.iin [q iho^u who c;niiL' to iniuire for himihut hew^^jll daylong in elmich. 
and had ccasL-d lo occupy him^eEf, as iie should, wiili mu>ii:, 

It wasiortatd ihi: ulo'e of iS^[ rhai Ll^i^i mei CI>opiii In P?rk From iha 

flr^i, thc5c two niLii, j,j diffL-rtnt, Iccanii: r.isi (riends. Chopin ■; dilit.ify. reririn^ 

Kill found a sjn^.iiliit delight in U--Ai's simny and iinpoiing pcrsonjUiy. Ui^i\ 

es^ui^lce perccpiion enabled bim pLrfcoily lo II^-l- in ihc sirati^L! drL-nndand of 

Chopii]\ fancies, while his t>\\'n vir-or insjiired C\ii.'\mi ih-irh m^n-e [o c^^nceive 

[hose mighty Polonaisoj liiai he could never ptoiieih \>\\\\- him^jlf, an<l which 

he ^oifljdlyconimittGd lo Uie kcepiii;;of hi^ prodi^^ioua frjend. Li^jt nnUeriook 

[ the [ask of iiUerprctini^r CLiO|iin lo the noised crowds ivhich he revtrJted in suh- 

r dning, but from v^liith his fastidious and delicately s[jun^ friend ihrank wiin 

1 ^niethin^ like aversion. 



...^ .. ._ „. r-xr.. 

From Chopin, Lisii and all ihc ^mrld .ifier Wm poi thai /.^/^ ri,6.!!i., fhn 
playing wUh tJie duration of noies tt'i|3iL.uL biciililnj. itie eIiiic, and ihoie arahesouc 



arahti^uc 



^ AKTiSTS A^D AUTHORS 

^1 ^ _ _ _ 

om-imtiit^ whicii nn? ^rovfo libj ftnc tmbmEc^eiyi^Bbouf il>t; |>J>ycs oi Chopin's 
nuttunits^ jimi lilt ^vliai. in cJthci^ are int-^n? c^isml flcmn&lita iniu iKu Jigiiky oi 
uil^r|hL't:uii-Lvu phrasji-^ i\LkJ |>ocLic: i:oniiucni:iite^ <>li ilic te:c[. 

^(--{^plt^ wtru faciiL of L:i»n^|>ni in;; tlu^ two youtig men who so oftcti ii|»|i^[LEH| 
in iIll- ^.l:iii: ^ih^n:^ t^jg^^Hicr-^ Lj^t \vitfi lii^ finely sLiLipt'cl, lun^^ i^TdLl hL'nik ar.d 
fi/rfiji/ d'r.'fi^ry^ st:l prumtly on lij^ shoulHlers, lits ^iff li^itr uf <l?irk bloiuSt lUn^wn 
l^cb: from Hie forctic^iU ^^ithc^uL n i^^ining, nnJ cue in ^ straij^ht lini^p his cf/fff/m^^ 
h[!5 m^i^ftnllcLiht tui^l cc^uitly l]4::inng, hfs rca^iy [otiE^nj.-, fri-; (bhfnnfr hvil ^nfl fine 
iroiiy^ Jiis f;<']niLl fit^i^i^vj^^*" and JtrcjitsLilily ^vtnrting Sniilti ; nntl trlir^i^inp itlso^ A^^i[!i 
dark hluntk Imlr, tiul sole OS iilk, i^nrtcJ <jn <>n<; t-itk^ tu u?:l^ Lj^IhSIs o^vn viJi-itj;, 
" An unyjHj] of (tilr tuuntunantc, w'nh i^rvvm cvps from wliiL-h intellect ht:anK'<l 
ni[]iL:i' [him ImrneU p jig^Niak, ri-'lincd ^m\K\ ^i^ln\y iii^u^linc nri^M; ^ a dcLiciotiinn 
tk^fcrn nilniLJi^ Jtjpl^jnQuii cymplcxit*n, i^U br^ring hvi[iiCr"Ss tu iht.- ]i3niii>ny cjEu 
soul M hieh rtN[iii]4;d ns^ corflmcnfarj^ bt-yond \t^\L'' 

NolliJnsj CiMi (w; nicire gi^nt^pnis tir mor*^ itun Lliin^ T-pLs^I's reco^nUion of C]>j> 
pin'5 ifttlcptniJi^JH sup)Non- '"To our i^nili^iivorV' li*^ sjys, "to Dur ^nu-^'lts, jusi 
Ihcn ?>y ntiieh ni^edins CLrtstJniy, lu^ lent us iht: ^upjiort of ti citlm, unsh:fckab1e 
tonv^icBion^ c<iu4illy n^mt^l =i£;Ui^-it apthy ^rnJ c^joleryn" lliere was only one 
|jiaurL.Mjn ihcM^alli; of Chypin's i-ooni; 5c Imny just above his [ibaio. It ^^-^isa 

h 1^ no p.irt uf niy pri^sc^nl sj^henic to Jesc^rtbi^ ttae Innttlc ivhuli ro]n:iiiticisni]n 

music ^^'^iirc^L £i^hi*a ihti pci^vulLini convuTilionalittcs, Wc kno\^' the Rt'nenil out- 
CuTLit: of ihe ^[ra^^^lc culnii]^aLi]Tg, .^fter the inosL p^ocLigrjons arlL^tii: convuhlon;?, 
in rlie tVLLiiicul >u|^ri:Jfliey of l^icharJ ^Va[^ni^i. wln^ ci'Tiiiinly mark^ firmly .md 
broatlly i^i^otL^h Iht! ^^rc-Lleiil: ilrlnJu iii mifstentl LlL-\Lki|j]ncnt miL^lc sinec; |iL4-|]iLj^rn. 

In c^jJ LtSKi viiiiitd U'ticnarp Berlin. ^nJ [hen w'cnt lo I'rins ; lie i^'^is mcJi* 
tiLEJifr ^ roiir jn l^tis^iii. Pressing invitalLr>ns reaclicd him from Su PelerslnLijF 
ftLitl Ml^^L■lJ^^ Tin- inosL fbiliLil^jHs Ltt:e<j I tn t*: uf hi?; ^'irtisosity h=ul ntijii^J t^pectn- 
lion [ij iLS hi^lii^Hi [jIccIl He was as lu^eniiary c^'eii amonjl S-hc c^ns^niun pLrt^jile 
as ^.ij^.Liitm, UK fii^r coHceri. at St Pttersbun; rcrrlixttl \\^ti then unliearct-nf 
Sflni of ^J.coo. 'I'lbL- foids w'erc em^'^Llcd to see hjm pa^s, nnd the cotrulors .m^l 
approaches lo Lhr (itEkiid 0[ieRi iilockeJ Iq enLch ii i;liin]f-w of him. The same 
scc^nes ^i^^re rL^[Kaled at Moscow^ where he gave ^^^ iOcSLeci-^ without exhausting 
ifte popnlscr excitement 

On hif! reEuni lo \yttninT tic dci;C|>t[;d th^ jn^^t of C-Jiiullmeister to the tlrand 
Duke. !t [provided bim ^vtth tli^t ^tlled ^lio^k^ and alcove aW itfith An urqliesEr^, 
\^^hich Ite no^^' fell ^y tinli'-pL-Ei-.tMe 1ip meut his gnjxvlng |>a^oi) for orcliwtral 
coinpositi^^. Hut llu- ti]i^t: ui" i-j-hI h.ul tiocyci c<YmL\ 

In iiij4 nncl tJ^.|3 lie ^iw reeelved in Spain :Ln{l Pottxiijjal w*!^!! incttdiblt eii- 
ilinj^irtpmp after which he; returnLid to Bonn tn iissiit :ic ifie innnjjuraiioLi ul Beet- 
j]oVtn'j> sniluCr ^Vicis houndles^ liher^ility, \k- had subscribi^jfc more montj than 
all [he prince? anti ;>cOplfi of G'-^many put togctlicrp to make llic slAttie woalhy of 
tbi; LiccjasLcim a[iil thL^ oc.C]hSEon worthy ^^1 Mit^MalLi^. 

Tl^ j^lden riVL-r wlitch puured into him from Oil the raj]iti!s of Europe ufj-^v 



FRA!^7, LISZT 33T 

Tfct-ly fciun^I a m^w vtitt in lio^mdEcss ^ntrosit^. Hospitals, pcfor Ji3ul njjcdy^ 
]i;iifiocJi; cvlchriiti(>Lirt, ihL' diirnJty nncL int*.^reHEs of art, ^vi:tc all sii]>siLli7cJ {r^m his 
pn^Mic pur^\ His imn-^L'LiclLrir vii-tHn^ity was ontv rrjUiillcd by Ms splendid 
mfciLiititi^in;^ ; hut he fomn]— wJijh t^ihcni Kiivc sr> cjFLi;n t^sL^irricnccd— ilut ptcai 
IK^rscttiLiI Hifrs and prwligicms rW-r/ LZinnftt jicwsilily estM|>t Llic poison of tiwy and 
ik^cr.Luiiun. l!c iva-n iittiicl:-:d hy c^ilumny ; hiv gifL^ lEcnkd antl ridkukd ; his 
niLtiiiliUL-iidt: i^Tilac^l to ^-aiiiglory, atitl hi^ chttrity l& pridt ;inj fiHi-iiMtirnn : ycl 
nonr uilli-^^/Lr knon^ llictxtcriit of his privjiu: ^■^l^^^1ti(TS^ [in<l lU] t^ic uh^^kiio^vsany- 
thma of Lff^l «n be ignomnt of the ^cripltp unnlT^ti^d guoJnt-ss of heart which 
prom]TEcJil ,thL-Fn+ 

Still III- ^t".is ^Vfhmdcd by ingratitude iind nhiisa ft seemed tn check and 
priuly^o for lh^l nmmtiu his ec]iercpLi^ jutua-, Fijtis saw him ^i Q^hlenx s<x>ii 
alfer thtj liuun (lLsrii^^^l, at wiiicli he luid 4^^^^L-^>(kd such ^'^^-c syms- \lv was 
sittinii alunt, dcjc^tc\l and oul <i1 health. He said liv uas stck of everything, 
Hrej[ of irfe, and neirly rvined Ditt Lh^tt niood nevxr lastt'd long with fJszI; 
he j*^cm nro-te and >hcHjk hinlselr like j lloa Hi-. f|i"irin:cors slunk im'hv^ mlo 
thi^ir holt:?, Eind Jit WH>lki;d fonh vitwrioiis to reliJl JiU Linpiy pursL^ s^nd reap 

Hsscirwr was Intcnupcd by the stormy L-vents of LP4S He wttltd down 
for ft riiiit ar Weiiiiar^ aiid it ii-a:? rhi:n that helv-^vi- ■■ ■ ■\^- that wanti tniiwtsl 
in l-^ehnrd Uagner which ended in the elostst and L.,xj^t ^ ndnring of friendships. 

f-fc ItibofeiC inix^sanlly lo jfei n heziricig fcjr the " [H[>lir.nj!rin " acuL "Tantt*^ 
hauscr.'' Ik foiteil Wagiii^r's euinj^o^t^ons on this band, on the f!raiid-dukc; 
hL' Lriia^ttd pLiblk opposition aaid foy^hi nf>hiy fur the ttKnlnC iUad ohSi:ijrt 
Ijerwui who w+w cbjeflv kno^vii as ]i pt>Iititql outh^v and an hivenzor of c;<trav-v 
gaiit ^inpo^tian-^ U^hith i| WhIS inipcw^ihfk! u> play or sinu, iitid odiuiii^l/ uiijjleas- 
Ant to listen [cx But Vi:jr5 of faithful icrvke, mniiily the ^n^iee Lind immense 
^'jj/ii-v and authority of Li&itp procured W,L;^ur .i hearirhrFH and pavod tht^ u^iy 
for hisglonoLis trhim|3hssLC !3ayr-:uth in 1876, 1S83, nml [^^83. 

I Jiavc preferred cu ennfinc mysrtlt in this lariitk to llic personality of Lis^ir, 
nnd h:Lvc ]iiade no alJiLSJon Co his orchestral ^vork-^ anil or.itorio coitiijo&itioni^ 
The ■■Sy]iip!]Mnic l^t>i^ivis" sf^i^k for themseK'es — m^^nltic^^nt renderings of ihr 
Inner life i>L ^pmn irai-'ijuj-^ emoHon — hut ^uhject-anatter t^'hicli calls for a speeial 
snick cm liml uu |Aieu at the fiis-tnd of this, .jnd at itU rimej^ ][ i^ i^cttcr to htiar 
music ihyn iij <lcserihc it A^ it ^voidd h^ iiupusslble to dc^rihc L]sit's orche* 
(]:iLioii mtclhypbly to those who have not heard ii, and unrh[;tY^^f^ij 10 ihosc whn 
hiive^ ] will simply Ica^'u it nloue. 

I saxv Li«:t hnt sl.^ time-;, and tlu^n &nly Mweeil ihti years jR/JSai^^E iSSTh I 
hear<l him play npcm two occasions *jnly, rtud [hen he playe<l certain pieces ol 
Chopin at my rc^rut^t and a nehi' eami^osition by himseffr I have ht^rd Mme 
Schumann, Baiow. kubc^nttcin, Mentt;r, \ir\i\ ETiip^iffn fauT I can uEidLT'^tand tkiat 
sayinj^ of T.iusi^. him^lfyne of the greatest maiter^ of /d-^^n/^j/,^ whom Ger- 
mniiy lias ever proJueCit : '*Xn mortal c;m measure hmi^l/ with LisaL He 
dwells alone u[>oil a solitjty height" 



*!& j-.-^*.- 



ARTISTS ANTJ AUTIUJUS 



RICHARD W'AGXIIR 




R' 



lits Ittc and chaocTcT :liv mfti^ii i^q^^" sorcU" inKjutluLHl^ 
just bi5 his mn-^ic lori^i w^s— hy ihosc who k^vc iiot the 
Hmo, lihc incilinntJon^ or Llii? 3Li]illty Li> titLdi.'r^tJiiiiJ t!ie f.^cts 
iiud the j^uts. □c;lorc: bricdy sEzttJii^^ thtti Lhe thi'orjos 
h4f ]iropoiHii]^;d ihiiL tlicir Hjc^'doj^incntj ns ^ic?wn in f^c- 
i:issi^"c iiiLLSLc dramas, it will he \\'^][ io sumniariHSc the 
stor^' of a li^^; (iKt^^-l^j) during which he ^vas L^H^d lo 
ciLiduic: so much vicisbiLudt.^ tritil n»J teinptalioiv suffer- 
ii^S Jud nJcfc^Lt. 

Brfrn in l^ipsic^ on ^Jily 2?, 1-ST3, rhc v^nncc^ of nine chHdrcn, Wjlhrlm 
RicJi.11%1 \\\[h onli'ft^'t Htonth'^ n|d U"iir« his falluT ciit'd. His inc>thtr> st^^frnd 
murria^v cntaikd a removal tc Drcs(it;Ti, xvhcrCn nt iht.^ Kr^Tustlutlc. yoim^ Wa^ 
ner reoiiv^ :iii excellent liberal <:dii4:alioii. Ac the: aH^^ fit thirlan the Ikmh ^^^ 
his lAile, as wull a-^ his di1ipcnci\ was ?hown iiy lils ininslaHnn (tutt t>E school 
liourj^") of llhj hi it Lwdve hookj^ of [hc^ ■■ Otly^sty/' Tti ihc (glbN^^inE >'t^r hi^ 
^assLun i\yr ]ioi;ir^' fouiid cxprcssif^n in n j^njficE tnlgt"d;^h " U ^^ri^^ n Jm-^rurt;," hi: 
&js^ **ur J Jamt^:t aiid Ltii. i-orty-two pcr^nns ^lii^cl in ihc cc^^^rse nf the plLiy, 
flrtdn for ^vant of inori^ chani:lerii> 1 h^d (o niakc "^sn^c af th^■nl T"i:;i|>ptar as phr^ts 
tn the I.i-it iictr'' Wl^Iut, ^vIio ^vhs (1il-ii tftnJitclnr nf ih*.- lliv^tVn npLni, Jit-cm^ to 
llH^^e qttrjL-Ltd lln; i^i^yv iw>tis hy his jU'r^OintSHV .int! hy has mu'-i^ ■ IhLLt iL ^i^iia Hect- 
h&ven's tnusit which Rftvc him his rvnl inS|>intii<^n- Fioni tJ^jo to iJ:!^^ miiny 
coinpr^alLuns .ifLcr ^trint'^rd nmdck :if^ cVicL-ttcc of haj-J ^nd ^y^ltri^atie wotk 
jrtif In [S^^i Jicj Ij^s^ii Ills lont! c-irt-L^r as a]i ofK-fLLiic 4:oni]>ii^'f with " Die- Ftcn " 
whitif, liowc^iiff nci'tr to^Liulic'd iliL- tli^uity at pej-forniinLe till iRSS — -live ycLirs 
ftfitr W.^^norr's dei^th. ATler sorrii! lime s|>e]it in \'<iry untemunc-racivc routing 
work in Hcidi-lhorrg^ KOnig^iuiy, inid Kig:i (ivhcre in ]S36 he miLnicrd), lie t^- 
solved^ in i£j9i Iq try hi-i fortune in Paris witfi '* KtcnKi." a new opent, wittten 
on ifie !in^^^ (>( tliL^ I^tes Grand Optira fin<( with all itjY gre*Tt rcsoLirct^ in vtt^v. 
From thc^ nionfli's turrific storm in thi" North Heap ihaoiigli which the vt-^Mr^l 
strugpkd 1"^ its iinvcn, till the ^^rinR oE 15^42, when VVt^ncr kft Paris with " Ri- 
enai" nnjiL^rfonncdfc heartsitk ^vith hope dt-fcrnidn his lot wa^ a hard ptid hUtcr 
one IScrlio/p in similar sti^iti, iujipotUnl hiiflscll hy wnan^a i>t iKt chortis of a 
sctond'Tatc thtratrc. ^^^agnE;r was rtfusLif even (hat htimbic po^t lia iS^J 
" TUcusi " was a^Jtxp|ecl at Datsjtn, und iis it^^^l ^tietejis led lu hk tippuiiiLtntnt 



as CapcnnteL>t^:r tlkrrc: (Ji'Ti^inTV, "Sji). 1^ dn-" ^lllf^^^nng year tht 'M-]ying 

th^: LMj'lkr xrork in j5t>pxi|Lir fnvor. 'Vlit story wns ^LiHK*-'«ed n? I]ej mmd (luring 
ititr scurmy ^'iix^js fr^^ni kiyji ^ unit ic is ii rci^urk^ljlu fsiLt l]]3l the v^oniLtcful 
tucii>pjclur*: aE Nonvaj^V ^finin-lttntt^ti Jiurv wj^ [jLiiiiLcnl Ipv ohl- ivho, litl [lini 
voyage, hid ncvtr Set cji^S on (lit: m:j. In 1845 his new oiK-ra, ''TiLntihllLiMir." 
proved :^i ftrit a tom]j:irjirix'e faikLrt:. Tlic ^itbjcct, cue which \\m\ btii^ii iiroposeii 
to WtlnTin 3^5[-tH nittrsii^lci VWi^^ncr^vhili^ Ul' ^VlIs in P,nis, aiitl Jitrin^^ his iltidtes 
for th<^ lil^rcEto he focind =i1^o tht: fJr^L sui^lgv^MonT uf '^ Lolitii^rin " .ttid " Pjrsi^ 
faC" Th^ tni'mi^or^ry E^^ilure ul Lhn: o^^ohl Injd him la tho ■jon^icltJt'Ldtioii mid si:ll^ 
CxEimli]Hit[DiL iviutrh I'Lijulit^ci In the clnilnjntcc c.\|HJhilion of Ins itljjal [in '^Opcm 
^mI Uranin," and in^inr ciilmr e&sa^'s}. ^' I aixv .1 ^itifih; ]>o?K^]bility hc-forc mc" he 
ViTitc^ "to iiului;^ tiic |>Libtic lo LEiidcrstaiKl sinrL ^i.irlicipLitc in my aims as jti 
qrtistr^ " InCJUttii^iai ^ w^i liniilitd t^-irly in iS^S^ sinfl also iht.^ pcn^iii of '^ Sitifi- 
fricd'sTodj" the rcsulc of W^LEtier's sliidics in the: ulil NilKhtnK^^n l.itd ; Imr a too 
warm ^\ mpiihv ^viili -^tjiiie of ihi: aiins of ihc rc^'cilutinnnfi paily ^^^■hich tci^ned 
(or tivLh *iliijrc djLVs lH:1iind Lhe slT4.'i7t l^rricadvf^ ui DrcsJ^-n, Mayn tfi.ifl) rcn^ltrfd 
his al^seuc^^ froiti S"J>:uLiy iid^'t-<t]>te, and a Ec^v days Inter ntw^; aM^ht-cl hint In 
WtLin^ir Uitit i iVjrrAtit was is^uc-d for liis am:j>t, Wjth a fj^^^iwrt jirocun.-^ by 
Lis-.^t iie ikd .ii.foy^ the front icffc tin^l for nearly rwclvc yi^rtrs Ihc: hitCL^mt^n^ of c-^ilc 
w;u±.idJed ti:i like h-Lrd^hifj^ol" |jiivetty. Jt is ihis ]Jt:nod which i^ rii=imly rL^-^pon- 
^blc for Wi^j^ner'a ijoIchiiciaI wnUnRS, fi(> hiting lit iht:ir sarcasm, .iiid tjiwu unfjir 
in ihcjir aUnick-^ Ik wu^ j. Riirjd iisiu-f ; [>iit;<]f chv i"nost liendish [umphkis in 
txisti^ncu is tht "L^iHtulalion " (iSft), in which \VJ^nl:r^ safe from f^^v^tiy 
(t!]:ink5 lo th-: kiculmjai of Lts-^l ^tnJ tht; niunillticinei: of Ludwiji ll,y\4 B=tvnna)^ 
and nu^hnnjE the 5un>inat <^f fiis atnljiiioLi, but rcinenahtTin^ only hi:* tni-^Eortuneif 
and lu!» 5liL;hts> [ilosUcJ tn puMit Oi'i;r ihe hoiTors which xv-urc niukn^j; a hell of 
the faircat city on earthn Tht^rc is l-j^cusu at least, if not JLtstilii;dlion, m \^ti fuuml 
for liis attacks 4Jn McycrliLtr ^nd others: ilitri; ai-nj ctjnsid*:r:iiions lu Lc i^ikt^n 
into iictount uhik one rt^.id^ witli hniniliLition and psly ihi^ c<>i'ae'^poinLc;nct 
between VVnipncr and hii Uci^efacrorH Li^i ; bitt tt is S^J tliat An ^ifitLLiaLisitL' 
hcnnfincn inttaiw^ly humtiti, eg s^iy ]iQih]ny ^^f an ariij>tiev n-tinrcp eouW i^u hlis- 
phciiw afiiinst the: (tr^l ]jrintiplijs a[ huinaniLy. 

In iSja Lhe: ]>OLrn of i\yt ^' Nibuluit^^nju Riny Trilogy" \vas fini^hL-d In 
iKS4 '' kht^ni^old" (Ufc^i Introdnction of*' Votahcnd ") wjs ready, and ■ Die Wal- 
Kfcre"(l'iiTl l.)tn aSjG. [Jut " tiii^d/'iLS hesrti^l, '^cjf hLaphiy cineMlLnr seore upon 
arolhLr;' he kft "^ Sie(^fHi:d " n^fltnOled^ and rurne:J tu the-ttory of ''Tri:^Ean-" 
ThL-poi^m wjscoinp!-jted in iS^^, aitd the nin^^c ( wo years latt-r. At]a:?tr^n cS6], 
he ri^eeived [jerinis^ion Ui ictxtrn to (]erni^ci>, jnd U\ \'iL:niia h^ h^id the fif:^t up* 
pdrLLUkityof heHirini^rhisown'^Lc^hirngrin/' For three veai-s The tit-riig^k whhforL- 
une ieem> to have hucn harder ih^n c^^tr Lt-fori^, and Warner, i'^ broken Jic^alth^ 
had pnctieally detcrnlinMl lo ^ive Uik llie unnjqual eoiUc^l, when an invitation was 
'^tM him bv LudwiiT I L, [he yuut^g Kin^^ uf liavaHj— "Come heae and finish 
your work." itert: al laii was salvaLiun for Wagner, und tlie rt'^ of his life was 



M 



Ci-^inijarativcly ^HKKalli* lii tt<Q5 " Trhir^n unrl IsoicJc'wns ptffornied fit Miiiiic'liH 
ojid wws io\\o'\s^fi ilircL' yuikri liilcr hy ^ cc^mic rijiLTan " Dit MtislJ^rMn^iri"/' ilac 
Or^t ^kclcht:^ K^f xvhL^h ditc frain 1S45. ^^ Sitigfrk'tl " (^" NUtL-litn^rcn UinCh" l^trt 
[D'tvas c:cii]i]jk-[c^i In jS6y, aiid in iJil.^ f^jllauiiiy ywr SVa^ncr niarric;il Ci:>*i]iiia 
the cLnightt^r <?{ Lis^Tn aurl (ormc^rly iIk wifcy( Vi^si Huli^^Vn His tinA wife, from 
whom Ito hall liLtrij i4:p:tniu^J in iKfiin riitHl at DrL^tl^u in ]S66- 

A rhuulre Liiih soniiivhctc; oH tlic tn;^in lines flf iratHt, timl -tptcially con- 
■^trLLcitd Ictr ilic jM;rE[3n]ijncc w( Wiipnt-^'s l^iitr wui-k^i. imist liat'c s^;cinL.^E the 
mKr cclT|^r.lt;r]p^ll^lc an<l visirjn-irv of pru^Hu>ih In ]S7d; no J ytt, tluLlI/ ihrunt^h 
itiu utiWL.^«yJr>^ cstrtiocis of C^cl TjiUii^ (jntL aftLT liii^ Jc^tli, of ilit v^iritjui 
Waymrr ^^uii^lii^^^ i.|>L-_rt>LinJ:^iioii-iLuiLi: of the IJjiji/LitIt Tht-atrt: \\'ii\ Lifd li] jW;3+ 
ati^L ill ES76, uvo yciii^ rtfier ilic i:om]^k-[ioii of tlio ''GL^jii^niicJiutiurLLiiu " ^">JiIjch 
lu^l^n l^tnjV-" l^^^"^ lll-j, it bt-tamc jh Acconi[jhshcJ f;icL Thi^ Lifit w'orfc yii^cn 
vM^ llii: cnlif<; ''Trilo^jy ;" Jiid in July, iMfl^^ A^'ayncr's Imi^ RUi\ stormy tiart'cr 
ivaa innjjflifictnllv t:ruhV]H:tl llict^ by ilic tir^t turrform^Miud of " I'jruifjL" A fcv^ 
^vccks l^hlcr hi'> Eti^lLh ^liuuvd sii^^rtij of ^iviii_E? uMyp ^lul he ri^solvrU to spciiit the 
winiLT itE Vtnite. 'I'liete ht died sudd^^ilyf I'ljlirunry ij^ t^Sjh ^ml was L^iiiicd 
In ihe ^Orden of hL^ own Il^li^, ^Vah11f^iLMl, at IS^iin^iHli.^ 

^VhT^nt^ri lift- iind his individuality nre of Ltiic]^u.il ina|aortnn<,-c in H^Khdy c^ 
tiin:tlin;r his ^^-Qrk, bctiLusCj unlitc tjic otln^r jrxt:,n m.i'^tL^r^, h*^ m^i only dcfotc^l 
elJ Uis jj^eEiiiis to criit bninch of rnts&it — ihi: o|w.i^ — hut ht grj^tlLially l^^dIvijU ^ 
theory nn^l an fdc^ii wl^ich he con^kjusly foriHulnltd aj^d adojutj, anU i^Li^vur- 
inwlv falloVixd [l m^y liCnXsktil wht^fiur U'.i^nli:r's |m-ln]iit:i Wfrt^ Sotmd Jirtd 
his contlu^i(jfl& f'J^^hi ■ ttciil ^Iso xvIiuiUlt hi^ gcnuis w^ i;rcJi tiitjayh 10 1k^ ilie 
worthy i:liaifl|iJon of a cnufli [nvoUinf^ aicli rt^volutichnn^ Unless ^^^t^l^t;r^fl 
opcni^ TOal^iiUtfcd sok'ly ^ Jiiiiii*:, iire uat only nuiic .nh'tinijt.'tl in slylu, hut 
Worthy m iht^msetv*.--* t& siatul Lit kiwi on a hJ^'<^ ^N-itla ilii^ i^ivaiL'^t tiTotts of hh 
pr^tUtxcawnip uo :tmourtt of jjiuof that these were w ^yl^^hLn4^ hc^ fitbt will pi^u hys 
naiTi^ elm j]!:kLc his jidmiLvrs ulnim for it. Tt is now anivti^jilly siehnowkd^f^d 
ifuM WiH^^iiir KJtn only he toiniiarcd with the greatest! tumit^i in music Mis in* 
stniincsuntiuji Jus ilic advaiLrLijrt ]rt hj:iiig rht: inhtiHtcir of tin. ^^nonnous dcvvlo]*- 
tnent of ihtj orchestra from Haydn to l?crli<v^, his UatiuQixy is ns d^irinj; wnd 
or!giii:iL iis tJach's ami liis mdody 15 as f?tan[iFul u^^a h difft-rtntfrom llt\"llmvj;n's 
or Mosurt'!i. (TlLucic names ftrr ustd nul 111 tirtler to institute proTiilcss ^;onlp.^^- 
eonSfc but as coni'cniciLi Fr.md.irds ^ thoreforo nvc^ n qualirlcjimn of tht *iruU"nit^iit 
will not inv-ilid^rt the C-^-^) 

1 [is Hlim (M-iU-[l very geflL-rally} wns lo refonrt tht whole iitrui,liirc fjf opLj-n, 
vsfllgt^^c laiit ar " ljL*.-ihovi:]i" dli^■4^1o|^^lL:nt of in*itrumciual mtisac^as a ba^is, niiid 
frcciny it fron^ iLic JL'LEo^ts wLiifjh uon^'Hjulionahly had imposed, in ilfcc: shjjju of sot 
fortnj^ rttcepreJ atnni^^mtnts,anti trii^litional Mnccs^ni^jus Wf^ stjleof sing3j>g noiv 
hai^fiily jibn^SL iLvtincL Tlit i^iie c:iiin]> was iq he dfim^itlc fiiness. In ilna 
"Art Wofk tjf ihL- buturc" ai^ he i^alied il, the inlertsl d( the drama is to dL^peniJ 

*EjiK-flwu»ilL.nn;^-rLnh him Hi WnJirfnrJ \^ ciwn|i*?y wilh h™ iJ^Tc CMdiiiLi fwr lulwf Fraiw [jkI 
who UW1 1m» iilckinjf ^r"d- UKl ^[^r^ "-Xin WciL^^iiLca. 




4i- 



iwt trtTin-ly on the u^m^U:, Ijue .iIimj tm the jK^tni and cm ihc aciinp -ind sTjgjiig 
^ wtll. It Weil Ik: ^L^-n ilmj W'^-till^fV cliron- i^ n-rt iil-^Vh All ur moist of it is 
ixjntJHicd in ifit: theatrics of (jju^k ^ilcI uiIllt^ who ^t vj.t\o[^<i iK'rjcjd^ jn the Jc- 
ir«l£j^u[k-iii cj( u|HTii cunsc"m^ly binnt' -liier an jfltal mtisk: Jnimu. liui tist 
lltUL-i Wizri! nut ri|]t:, jrid tht-rtfr^rv* huth Musk couM ]iot tstrc ir* girojur iiiilti- 
jjnuHj. Tlii.^ twin un?i "jf jitu^lt ntatl |Mjurry. iH^i^iMji.iti^il In- Lhe npicl adiMJtci- of 
htca^uce jnti tliL- ^lo^v dfVLlupnktiT ij|" Jini^it.-H pursLiLcL tiirii rfvcr^l pathti Lil^>ne, 
rhf nltu]iipL m ]i^unitL- ihum lu lim and ul [Jio sixit^-iiili ci^jiturv \\\^}^ fiEdl*;, iind 
only led lu opLTii which never iicrdcd, jmi tlicrcfrta- did nur cmphti^ ^r^ai 
pyclrj^ 111 GL-rttianj- nnj^ic w-ar L|jul'F|.fJ ,i1onj: in^rumc^ntjil liiit-^ nniil iltf 
fit"lir.n>l ftnived hl Jl-; oilrflin^hium iti ikiziLitn^cii ; jrnti t^-ht-n ^iit opera t:ompE>atri 
sttip|Kr| u\ [\t\uk im lilt tirm.d ^cihjus, ihc re^uh niusi *Lltvay_x lijvc' li^tn ^nuh ;h 
pn>|iliL!i.y Hjf ^\^l^nLT*i M'E>rlv as we hnd in Mo/irt^ k'turs ; 

"^ Of/^r^ 17S1-— Vl-iw jiiJL\!d ]^iniLis|}C]]s£ilh|L- fcjrinu=-i4:H hui rhvmuh J^nid in 
ht vt-Tj- n.iEnre. . . ^ 1[ wn^iltl lir by fLirlht bosi if n |;i>od compcwi^r, ujitiur- 
srEit^din(F rJiv thLMTrc and liiii]win^! h^j^v to procluirt^ 1 pi^-rt^, nincl a clever pLn:t, 
could Ih: uTiikd ni one. . . ."^ 

Othtr hui eonij}jnitivL-tvuTiirtipc>nant featuj-izs in llie Wu-^cr niii^iu iLmmnnrc. 
r-i^. tilt- ijst of tht Lii^^Ui/iL\ <>t k^dinp JiiOlirc ■ foitncl iJt-4^:asioi]allv In OluLk, 
Mo/jrL. WVhcr, vU%, but here lifs[ udopucl ^ihh n {le]iniLi- i^nrpcisHj^ ami the ^^o^- 
ttininjii Tor mythtdujii4;.iL i-nilker ih:m hisuiriual MilijeciA— iioiv Ifircfeli- .idmlLLetL 
liut ill Wj^nLr's [irin<:ipltJ^ would hqve J>Len yf^cilcws witiiout ille cncrpv aiad j^t-r- 
scvj:ianct whidi dlrccL^jd his ivork, the bvinp siuflv ivhieh siorerl hjs ineniuri' 
with L1II theyre.n worlds of his prcdeLes^orN. sind, nhovc jilL the genius wMchoom- 
muTid^ [he nilniiriatlon ^4 llic miisicTtl hvorUL 

^\ i^ners works Jiutv a r^TiaihjIjIe itid pK(rj;res"nivc *lc^vtilop]iienT. " KtLrn]ci'' 
la qtiiK in the gr.ind [jpcra stylo of Mcvcrlwi^r. Sjifintinln etc The - Flying 
Dutchman^' is a rlelibL^ritc tlepLirtiirc Trom th^it stvle, niul in ronnnnic o|>ora 
striken 4>uc for itvilf .1 ik^w^ Imr, whkh, follotvt^d ^till riLrther in ^^Titnnkiccser," 
rc^ehtsir-i stoics; c>[ ptrfi^t^Llon in " I JilK-ngrin. " Fjom thi*t tlmi: d.^tt^iht- ntui^ic 
dnma. of tvhcLlh n'lisEan" is chr mo^ unconipmniisin^ ivpe, und l>v vlrtut^ c^f 
wond^jful iiTLliL-hiraLtoiiH and the jmen^e |>allios af iho JK^^iutifnHv wriiieii ih^lta, 
lilt: rrtost fiiSLit]:tihi|! L^ifall The - Tril^^r^ " ( Walkttn./' " i^kjrfnal/' "CIiieut- 
djmmcrLtn^/' with rlit "^ i^heingolcl " a^ inirodncLJcm) k d ivn" cntt^fiMl wofkn 
It ]^ full ot Wafer's most inspitrd wminjF ■icj<[ mmt niJrV4.llL>iis ordushation; 
but U is too long and too dffrust?^ The plot tllso iii strane^ly tonfused nml unin. 
ter«titic. Jnd fails alike '^\:^ nton^ and a:^ a i-ehitlt^ t>E tllL■■^Hcs in^FuU ot^ rehjnon. 
*' l-^ariifal," xiitfi its ^a1_red jllt^on", it^ lofiv noliiTitv t>f tocie, anil it^ ptire rii\%h- 
ticism, stnind?! on a plitform Uy itwIF, and ts almost jhovc^ ^:TindsnkH or pi^wt. or 
hiame. The llUrClh^ nhmi.^ mifiht have won W'lijiiitr iTtimorCaljij-, so ori^riaL is 
it find purfc^ct tn inn:ntion : und the TTiijj>ii; sc^nis to be tio loiu^er a inerc ae^ 
c«SSUi:>^ to the sffectn bm the very tssciK^ irtd (ragrance of the yreaJ. coni^epLion, 



,. 1 



'7- 



BW 



ARTJSTS ANU v\L'niOK5 







G 



n^ii^ti'Pi: VrKDii ihc (es and most 

_T ^^-lilctv ^uc:c:tssfiil of tli*^ scbuol ui 
\i.\\[MA t»|ji-ra gprth^^t-r wli.^ liani ^L ]<c>n- 
Liolt^ iioAt Kiisifio^ OLt<j1w?r9p [^13. At 
iL-n ^tiittf Iwj WhTs organic of iIr" hjflall 

^iiiKh in h]^ iijiru't ^'illng^n the ^l.iiy 
iiL'in^; fji^i'd nft<.r n yt-T^r fr<in^ ^t Hx 
loj/, to /[e i:rf. jirr Hinnuin. Al ihL- ^i;c 
of >i_'^LL'tn 111." Wii"* im>vi^K'il ^lilh funcEs [& 

liLtmnl MJlim : but \n ih^ tntrftnciu- cxiim- 
tiiiiiutii lici sliowril su Ijitlu fVttJi^nce o[ 
cnn^k-nl lali-nt lluil thu uutliorUic^ ilts 
■jlink'd [oL-nrcNil Ikim, Xmlunu diiintu^l, 
hi.' pur-^uni hl^ ^Lii^tio-^ wttJi [ird<]] un^ltT 
L;t^ii;ai.i, Jrnm 1:^31 i^n rrf^^^, i^b^i. ac- 
cordniH If* Li^ti^L-iUk'ntn lit rciitriit^rl t^i 
bti^^t-Hu CO ukcr iho ]>kccot lii-^^pLtl [ctiLh- 
tr I'rcj^c^ip Slow cloM^i^cL 

A(u-r livf- imliiipin- j^vsrs 3ii a hnvn 
whcrt^ k- ii^*^ little .ipprccJnic-rL Vrnll rHi1rin.1l lu -MiLiti. Uis f[rsi i3]>i:Tn, 
"0>w:no. " iitdikJly iiiflL-bred 10 lUlum, irnd Uic nest, ^^ Un Clmriio ^li ]<cj^iio" 
(which fullillL-d its own tillti. Ji*t it xm^ only onct perEormcJl, has l>eeis siyltsd 
■■ L'n H.iK.ir ftc Ki.-inTi^i-5CHjnct'H," l^itpr Wr^Ii ha<l jnst Iwtt tiii wifo^ uml t^vo 
cliiLdt-t^n williin .i fn^v -Ui>"^ nf i^nth oditr, sm it i^ finnJIy [o fjc woii^er^d a( ilint 
4 tijjn[<: iJiH-rnh ^^'^i^ llc^t: u I'L-n" 4.'ui]^t:nij[ wrovl:, \u^^ sin;c*:sfifnlly ^uco]n]>li5liuii 
* " Nal>UL-ailo]>t>SL>r " ("1H43I w^^ hi^ liKst liiL Junk Jn (he tiej^l year " 1 Lmn- 
banli" W4S txcii in"rt sutt-cjwful — ^lartly owinp io thf rcXMlutioiiiin' EcLlinirxv|iii;h 
in nil ^m^ll ^It^r^i^^ w.isup liflp him to his fuLurc hifiia [lo-^iciois. Jnik^-d, lijs imnn; 
w.i^ ht ustlfcll twi-u^tjc: ("^ ihc ivvolucioLian' \K\ny, w1io ^KciLiitrci ''Viva \'j:rjJi. ' xviien 
thi;i^ niE^ynt '' \*U'it Vitt^rin l!m^i]tiek J^c D' li:ilU-" ' llrn;inl" |jroJuL*:d :tT 
Vciak-c ill iJ:Hj4r :ilsu sa^TCil ^ sucors^n o^vinp I" tk- reimlilkan s^ntimt^Ht In tlie 
^t^>T^:tt^, wliieh w^l^ a^lji^teU f^c^m Victrjr riu^^o\ " iltrih.ini.'^ M.iny works M- 
lowvd in qakk ^tcosiion. iftcli arou^inp tl]L ciiLhusi.i&m njf the au^liencc^ cliicrljf 
when an u|JiH]rtULiity was alTurikcJ thi^m oJ" fis|>rt^nc their (tL-IJnjFS against tht 
Auitmn ruk n,Lk xxith his si^fccntli ->|k:]:i Ji^] WnH^vin thi^ jiU|5n.iiiacy wht^n 
then-' wen? iiu Ui]Li^'T,myliviTiKi.'om|}entLhtsL ami "^ liiytilcito" ic^^n, "llTrDV:i- 
tora^" ai]J ^^ Lu Trailutn " ([S53) mti^ 1?^ CLilkcl the bt^^t. a^ they ntc tbt la.^ of 



DAVItl G^U<KICK Hii 

tin: Itnilkiin K^pur^ ^hool. ■' I W?pri SiciJumi'^' f^^^^' ^^^ " Simnn Roccanepm" 
fiS57j ut^tv nut hj ^ui:4:cs^fu1 as '' IJn i^l^ll;^ hi M^whrr^h " (iSj^) ; ^citl nnnc ol 
lht:i», Jiiy mofL- ili^in ^' l-a Torfu <M IJn-stJtw" (iS62> ur '^Drm C^lr^s" (t&*?)* 

{July now 3k}fIiis the intor^vit ivhlch iIil^ ^tuilE^ni of inusioil KI^Etitv ItniE^ in 
Verdt^A lifi:. I IitlicilLi hi^ Imc] ;>['i>^'i\-l .l gt>od lUriii. sinigL^Eui^ ^^'llIi ndvuf-^li^- ^liiiL 
pO^^urtVH a !^Ei4xr^fiil cum[74>.-i4:r :hiii^fcLlous lu succocr^L to Llic v:tL^knL Lhmn^^ ot ]iaU 
ia II opera. \i^\i (Itc ktcti in^iiKhi into Llrdrnatic nctes-^lty whirls li.iJ ^^rjdu-i]ly 
<l^^^^-^lop^^l and l>id fiii'tn ^iUlJi inirci: If] tNth-^rwi^- tLiiliri|ir>fl.iii[ j^L-niiii id cEirller 
operas 3]ttc> vliu^^'cJ hini [l^i: LiisuHLUiiMtuy ^^f Ehu in^Mns liithuj-to .11 t|ic di^|K>^l of 
Etnlinii ccpm|>ostrs. ^nJ frntii tini4^ to lliiil^ he h^id tiitrtL lo Icjita tiio Le^soii^ t^iu^ht 
in the: Frcntii Gr^c^d <J|>efii ScKnol. hue xvith pcKpr succoss. Now a li^ngor inter* 
v^\ soviiicrl To j^ronii^L! .l iiiorL' 4:itLtful, £1 nicfcrc .itnliitioit^ w^^rU, ntid wlicn " j\rd.i" 
W4^ ]irr>L|uijt!L| al C-tirc^ ^[^'j J, it Tv.i> Hit oLiCi? .u:kiiLj^^'li-d^^4-J thjii j ri^^'olLLLir^n 
h^d t^lkt^n |pIlli;i! ill \'i^ri]r& jllhid .Hid llKztlLOil, \v\\\c\t llll^IlL |J1'<PC1LIC{] :^Lill ^I'CfltL^r 
rci^uh^ Tlit^ iiidueni^e of ^V:b^^l1t!^ ^vni ihc music^lraina is di^iiii<:rty t{? 1m? felt. 

ttuL Yiirdi wns »]P|\Livnrlr laot ^Tt ^itiE^licd Frtr sivtet'ii ycr.trs the j^uccuz^^ful 
coiii]>n5or niLiintiiinrLl alt^ltLlt' ^ili'iuu in opi'm, whrn whi^|K'4^ ni u yroit miLsi<> 
dfAtii.L rous^J the (rx|}i:c:[HiltcMi of nui^icjd I'!ur4>|H: t<i nn t^^trauiilinLiry pilch : nor 
were iJie li^hcst nx|>i^crhirionK dL^]ppaintcd w'hfn "riicllcp" w;i^ protlimcd al 
MiliLi] 111 iSi>7. Tin: siineiidi^r of ItJilf.m "[icni ivn"^ cr^Fii]hltii:, and Vl^cIc UHik 
hi^ rigli^ pl-tcr at tlitt Iwfid of thti ^igt^rtnift lU'W Schtxsl ^^'hicti fiaj^ arisi^n in Itialy, 
^uA wlitL:U pron^isc^ to re^in tor llii.' '' l^iiul t^r Sonj;" SOcT^e of Ikt iintit^m ]>rcs 
einiaicncij in mn^sic. ;\ i:oinic apcra l>y \'crdiH '' I'liUuiffj" wa^v aiiiao_un«;d in 
iKor : it has w^ll su^taineJ his previous r^pucatiorlh 



DRAMATIC AND LYRIC ARTISTS 



DAVID GAkKECK 

(T7]fi-I77ii) 



jj^^^^^^^^gn Ea i:t:k1»mte{l actor ivsis tlit Son of Pinter Garrkk. who had a tap- 
i"^<V|^^\ tiiin's LVjmiTiission in iIk* amiy, l>ul whrn j!<:iitrjilly rcsjilcd ar L,iL■l^ 
^r^^ldrV^^J Ji^ld- lie WEI& born al llcrcforct, wh<;n Ids fiiihrr wa^ nn ,i rc- 
^^^x\*:^ TnininR pnircv- th^■^^ and u^^ faspti^td in liu- Cliurcli ol" All-SimiSn 
I^^/v^.*> -5r,> II. L^l.■lt cjtv, un r4:Urtiari- JO, 1736. Younii Curjick u-kfii'L-nL jkiit 
of hi^ cdticaiiori :?c ihc jTTiLmni^r ^lioul thore. hut he diil not apply hiin^rLf to 
his hooks wlih niui-Ji .L^iiduity. Hu hii<[ tonnjeivti! a ver>' early pission ffir the- 




^ 



M 



AI4TIST5 ANn AlTHaRS 




aincil ri:|>rc"^trtTiiifjii, (rom ^vhicK in^thinj: ^ou\\\ ii]n> him a^^dv, Whrn he w^s 
a liulf ]i>ijrc ihwn l:Il-i-vii vkiih t^f wftCn ht TonnL-il the pmivci of ^ttin^^ ;i |nIuv 
acletj Ijn- yttun^ t^'Lill^mrn niiiL luJies After Lil- U.ui nutk^ scjrfl<j irijl of ht^ 

LrtV]L jiml hlb- enanjuTiJons' ^^l^i]ilic?s, 

^P^'t- ]Ke-|| tJLII|H4:TCl. llL^ Jjitvlllil llfUHH 

tliL^ '■ Rei:rui[iiixr OnTLcjijr/' fni ike 

l>l,^v. Hl^ .i^^ml^M his Uiilt com- 
jMm hi M hr^c ruutfi. rlic Htr5iinLd 
I^^HliL^ of rtjPivm- 1 nation, Theri.^ve 
r[}i}\' sirpp^jire our voting hor cjts- 
[rihititJ the SL'vcrrai th^Tmctcr^t ac- 
I'^rHin^ 111 The iti^its af rln^ per- 
hjjniLT. He jpnjvjhilt^cL on L]nt> t>E 
hi^ *^isj4;i^ Uj pl.ix^ tlie i^nn o| ibc 
L'Ji,ijflhfr]»nfc!. K^igeiini Kiicv jv 
L]iiir.ac:tLT oE Ihusy intricui: .infE liold 
hitpnrjT", 111! t^ho>r f^i hiiti^L^tf, 

TJnJ pl,ty Wi:l^ -LUU-d hi lI n]Jinnti^ 

w far nbovc tli^j e>r|K'C[jiiL%n ^1 thc^ 
avclttinXp that li fpivi.' Ci-iiL^rjl sacl'4- 
IfleEioii, ancl WAS ninch ^i|p|>]jLLc!ed. 
viracilv-- nncJ hirimnr of Kitt: arf SliJf repntn]injK"tl u-jfh jjlt-asure ut 
Thr lir^i s[a^< Jiiii'iu]fc[ of [Hir EngLi^li Kfj^iti^ w^u^ in [7^7, 
j\ot lunp nfter, he w-i^ iiivi[^4L lo Li^buji In- »iTi iinele. wlHi ^^-asst c^nnsLclcmbEtf 
ii^inf niereh^iiiE in [h^t cily. hut liis ?lav there was very jiliort, Tor ht^ rL-Eiirn^il to 
LichlLL'ltl ilie yiTAT f^pllowJTiET- It i"^ ini:it:iiU'J tf1.1t iliu ^^v (Iik^hj^hioo r>f iln> 
Vt^tni^ jfiJoiJein^iti iv4i?. nor vtri" sciitH^lali: lo lIil- ^^li\ j[i.t]]'s it:j]ijH.T, ^ibiti] y^iIs, }}tr* 
hnpSi imj ^ptavt and nuMcrc ro rtli^h ihii vi^'at:i(]e_s of hi< riL-phL-w, 

I luwc^vur. <hin[ii; hl-^ ^hotr srnj" Lit l.i^lioiin youii^ Giitriiu-k mjdi: liimsL^rf ^wite- 
alph' [^H ^ll wfbo kau^vv hlni, |>]irtJCMl:iTly rtn the Knjzlislt inei'ch^nE^ who rtj^itlc;d 
thtrrcH wiEli xvhtPin lie tPJiL^ti tlincd. n^ftrr citnner they usually di^cfltd tht-nise^^ 
hf \Ac^i:]ni^ hliia ufjon the uvh[i\ land ir^illni^r u|>nii Itim to rcfu^rit vet-^i^ acid 
S|>t:tN;hts Iroiii pliy^, whkli lii^ ttia ^vith pr^-^i rc^iHini;^^ ^hncl much Un the suiisfnc- 
Lion of Eheh«af<:ts fiome Porru^cJe^ ycnantii^rnUemepi ^]f the hf|jhLi( n\uk, who 
VciTi^ nf hi* own ^^i.\ wt^tr iilw* iimc:1i Ji:]iLrhletl wiili lils con^Tt^pi^-x^JQn, 

Ml- jiEttT^Viird retiiFiir'd Up Liulilk-liE. :inJ hi 1 717 tiiriie n|> tti tfjwn iti com- 
pnoy Vhith SarniK-l Jchho-^^ii, wtio was Lo Jiiati: so *:C]]isj]i4:unii'f a figure ati the In- 
vFJirj' wcjikln nnd of wlujs<- lift wt hnxx- nlt^dy given ^n Liijeci^Liit. 

f^^oon Hiffvr Jif^ rirrfv.jl in f.r>rnli:jJN L^arju^k 4.'nlei'*:r] iilr]i^']( nr Lipji^dI]!'*; Inn, 
■and he [ilsrj put hhnself uhUl-t tht^ luiLioji ctf Mr. Ul^Im^ii, .iii L-taihu-m rniifiL-^^rT- 
^11 Lit Rochcnicr ItuE Si^ he u]>|>heJ hitii'^rlf iiuJe to iKu siu^K' c]( lJil^ r.i^^; his 
proiii:icr^Cy ill ninthemnLJcs one! phi]<jsjjphy wns lusr c^lonsi^-tn ilisitiliuL ws? 
thLiTLric^^Hv U'iLh ^nnti nOLhin;; cvuhlllivprt hif^ tliciu^^hti^ fi'Ojii ihu iiLudy uf thsii to 



The t^^-^e, 
Uehl^cM. 



L. 



DAVID ^iAKKLCJK aSJJj 

fthkh liK gt^niws =ic^ pOftOrfuHy |>rrfmput! Iiini. lie ftad £\.ooo ]<ft him by Wi^ 

LiiiLik- .ti LI^IkjUh [^ti^l he ^'ULT^igcd lc>r n ^\u}ri innV in llic wine tr^^k-, in |>;nti]4;r- 
Eihi|^^^^rh Jilj> limdn-r, Mr. !*4.i*:r GiirHck; lUi^y hirt-nl v,iuh*i in Uiarlmn VhItJ, (of 

u( nt^ lociy ikiu. Pt^UT hVELS calm. >sizdiiu-, :nitl m^^clinJical ; tJ^vitt xvji pij-. voln- 
nllr^ ilTl|)CEucaus> aixJ [i*:rliii|>^ i]ul ^o coijtinL^L \u rt-TTularlty li* hLs ]jjitLiiCr L^'uuld 
hi^'c ^vi'^iictlH 1<> iK'c'VcTiL tEiLT LunLEiLLi:ii^ut' uf Iriijtk'^ .iiiJ lEDily nlct^f^dttK^n. lyy 
ihu init:rj30fiJtUm c>£ IrirtiJ^ ihi.^ jj.itciujrshi]> wis 4mit:^ljly cli^Lnlvc-d, jVhJ citiw 
Gflrrn;k pfCpnrL^il KiiiiKtlf in ejtiitsi fur ihnt umplovnu'nl wlikh lie iio jinlt-ntly 

I Ic ivii^ frc^i|Ut'nih in thit i:i.YU\\fm\y oi iliu piu^t L-FuinuiiL nht^Euts: he pot him^ 
5clt tntmdUL-^'d lu ihii iiiili:lj^ci^ of lKl^ thcit^t-'s. ami tried hi^ Uticiit iii ikicr recim- 
EiO[l u[ ^nlu" p^irtic^ibr =intl fiivntJLL: jjunLiLL'^ of (ituyj. Nd^\- :iiiJ th^i) lie id- 
dutgi'il Kini^df in tiic iif^lliIec cpE [iiliiiicrhH h1 liili^nt vi^hJL'b, hD\i^c^^r inJc^rlor. L$ 
ncvtT wnHnjiiV' rc^i^nLHl Uy him ^^Im i'x^'c!l> m iL b^c>ri]iiirn'?s he wvtyln Likkl-^nls 
Ti]»^jtN tli>^ flcliun i^LUl rloL-uilon cif lIh' plji'ers^ ^"^^ ]jHli)ibfht:iJ thein in ihc prints 
lht:^c E^u^LcIqn L^tfii^LLins Lif hU inhitt ^ciiLrri^Lly can^pii^h^ inkU jUiLiciou^ obi^n-a^ 
tit^Ti^ 4iiid .^hrt^^^d rcnijrk^ uciiiiLj^i^d ivlcIj eKsI illibtTLitity whtch ohtT^ clisgniccs- 

Crarrti^k'? diPuk-iiiJu wiilHK'lil hatfl Ifom tryjnj; his strj_^itytli at ftrSf u|H5r a 
l^ndt^E! Lho^Crti tit: L]iLJUL:lt[ thtr hdtd^.ird was too iiro^iE, ^nd cnilirLicc<l the nd^ 
x^iiici)^- q( [.oininL'iicE]L^ Liijv jiot'Liatt in acting with a con^i^iny nf j^lavfrs then 
rcndy li» h-i imc fur Ip^wiL^li. under the dirnjetion riF ^ir. William CiifTj^rd ;tnd 
Mf. DutiM^kl. i]i the ^iiniiner uf 1741. 

I'he first efforc u( his lJn3atrii:[Ll talcnLs Vias c.^ern^d ^b Alpo^n, in tht p^iy of 
'*<]L■N^^llcJkt^/' 8 p-irt in ^vhkh his f^hiLu res could not he casUj' dis^terLied. Under 
th(^ dl^ui'k.' of rt liLi:k t:cpu men mice, he hapcd u> <'^^\^ ^h^iii^ kiij^wHr should ll 
be hfci ]iiisfotcu»c iiol i\\ picasL'. Thous'i jVInhhi i^i ncn u fiisl-ntc chstr.icicr, y^^t 
Ihti io^ncs ot p.itiK-iic persuasion mid .ilTcetinK dislr^^-^s in which iha: eh^iKititr is 
in^oh'i^d, will ahtfiys i^iprnmiind the atlerttitm of the judiiznce wiicji fe]>rt^-ntcd 
by Ll Judicious actor. Onr yuitng [ilaycfji npj^Litisc w^^ rC|iiLil to ]\h most s*in- 
yuiin.' dcslie^L L'tutej" the a^^unte^l nLiniL- uf Li'iklaL lit: isoi ^jjily acted w x^aritty 
of clt^Muei-s in [iLiySn pnrnciilwly ClMnionf. "i ihL^ - Orfahan ; " Captahi llrazen, 
ici the ^' k^-Lruhin-i Oflicer i' and Sir I Lirry Wild^ilr : hni htj liki]W]sc jjave vuch 
ddij^'lit to [Ih: avdirnCCn that ihcv ^ntti^eil liini wnU L^aiK^aiit ninl l"Uil j^sofs oT 
Lhirir ap[>robittlcuL l"hr ha^m ^J^" Ipsh^l4_li wHl lonjf boait of havini; liru seen And 
encoiLr:tgcd so jjrcat ;h yi-niiLS a^ (Ijrriiih. 

His JireE appeiinince .]s ^11 nctor In l.urtdi^n^ wa-* o:\ OclohcT 19, 5 74^ when 
h^ perfcirmcd iht p:irt of Riijhard 1 1 L^ at ihti phkyhou^"c in Cuudanaii's Tield^. 
Ill- rjsv :ind tLinilli-ir^ yec fotv^iliLe-H ^iylc m speaking an J :u;t[iiL^ ai Jir^t throw the 
critics i^l(f^ iu^ait hesitation coiicerninir ihc ^^^vlilty, as nvcII as ^KHpriety^ of his 
manner Thi^y liad Ijeeca long LicL'Ltst^nicd tr> an L^L^vatititi of the vftice, ^VLth 
a sudden mcd^atileal dcprtssitm oE its (rincfs tjsiltulaled to excite adniintion, 
and Co iiutap apphm^ To tlie juit modtilatioai of the words, acnl contHrring 



*« AKTi.syS A.^D AUTHORS 

<!?r|irc^itni ct! fJit fi^zilijfe^ from rhf grnitinc- works ui nattin:, they h:irl been 
5l]:niyirrs ;il li-ili-l it>r loinc tlmr. lint n-ilicr hi: huil ^^lji^c thmu^h :fc ^-L^LL■|> ii[ 
Kc?[lt:!E, In u'hich ht ^llt'JJ cvyrilt prLnifs nf i;<>n^ummaTi! 3irT Jintl |H'r(ixt kaiuivl- 

"which )hfv [i:lici'H^'l lliL^m^elvcs hy Ipuri an^l ri^iti.T.iU'tl [i)>]ilatS3nC. Thfi- WfTt 
mt>rL" t':^|H!d;illy <.Ji-ciniL il ^vhcii ilic -luti^r, nitiuT h-L^-iiij.' iKri^wii -uiulc sin- hvfic^criii: 
;incl pciUilti:tiir aiiUiiicJ ihe M^airiOT' nnii llsc ht-^fo. \^"(kl!l1 ntw^ wis brt^u^ht ift 
KichrrrrL (hnl rlie Duke t^f Buckin^h^in W5i uktu, Garr[tk's louk jliJ ;iccion, 
wJii^n h^; j?nM]i»iific^iL the? "iVunls 

" O ff htfci]^ 1]i^ liE^iJ ! 

^ much lur fl jrIc Jn^mnt I ^ 

^\fCzc SO mn^iiilLccni nnri importninrn fnjTri hi^ ^"iflihlc cnjo^^tiietit c^f [he- incidci^ti 

chat licvurdl kjuil shuiits ul .ipprnlNntinu iNroLbimi^d [hr iraumiNh d iht- ^Liior :Lfld 
salis/rtCllon cjf tht! audiuLice. KttihiirtlS an.\iLn hvfurt iLic kitili;, luitl hii^ ilLj^ih, 
tttr*! ittosii|j.]tiuyf ^^'jtfi the ]oink-j>t ;;rjt ul.it ion-^ o| jp]jLtusL^ 

Such w^s the unhxrr^l a|n^rh:htiiiti(ni whi*:h folluw^-d tuir ytujii;^ Hitrtur, ihal thi; 
more taalpii^hi^tl ih^Mtn:^ L±f Hmrv Lunc ^icut <'ihvl'iii <p:Lr<k-ii w^t^ ilu^-i'Ltrd 
fiarrilik drew Aivcr hun Llae iiih.Lhic.itiis of ih*: inost pulitc |Kirti 0I" tlsc to^vn l 
GLiodman's Fields wtrc full <^i itit: s|fk'tnlQ] of St. James' nnd OrosvtTiijr 
i4<|iinn^: th£r n^^ichc^ ^i tbr itrjhilri^- lllltnl tip th^ ^|>nlu^ rrom lViTip!^ Ilnir tu 
WhiieuhHj^eL ] W h^til ^u perfectly L^Jin-inued th^: puliht; of !ii^ si[])^'NQr mccoiti- 
pli^hntonE"^ in nctiisi^p ihin not ir> ^tduilro him ^^^oiihl injl ^jidy liiii^t^ nEfrci^^cj ,1^ fiL- 
SHjn^x oE tJ^st^^ hm ihe sii>s*it.st i^tupitljty. '^h1^^l: x^ lui hatl si^cn und l^i'tii dt- 
ligLiu^d with ilii: inii^t J*linlti:d of iht^ oh3 ncE^rs, tcnftH.'^d ihat kie liJiJ i:xctlk-d 
ihc nbk>i tif thctn in rhc v:trietj' (>f r]]L^ c.^hibiiitanii, and *.t]U:\lkcl ihi-m nil in 

jVleXAiulijr PrjpL: w:i-t p^rrsn^dLid by LonC Ouery to see hlni in che first dawn 
of hi^ fame. Th.iT gfcM mann whjj liad ofrcn ^^ifc -mil admired IkttL-rron, wm 
Htruiuk \'fith till: ]imprirty and is^Hinty uf Mi- ("rjcri'^k's action ; antl l^ a cvnvino 
int; proof thai In- li.itl :^ ^tJtxl Opinion oj Ills intriT, he tokl Lord Om'ry rliat ht 
Wto nfraid ihv vounij maa^ would be ii]fcOik^. for hfl wonld Itiivc nc> c^pmiKtiiorn 
* Mr. CLirrick 3nh<>ne (orih likL- :* theairienit Xewmn : he clir^^^^ r^\:\v li^^hc on 
clocntinn and ar;tEt>n \ bt^ bLini^hn-d faniini;^. I^ojnbasl, and Rrii]ince ; ]irLd rescon^d 
nature, t^is^-, sin^plicity. :ind EL^nuliit- liuinof. 

In 1742 ht: ertJertd iiUo staled ayri-^tniLiir-^ With FUcfWdod, patentee of Druiy 
I^me, for ihL- iinnuLLl ineonH- nE ^^oo. ELis Earflc eomlnLtuil lu ini:icase ftt the 
royal theitre. niitl ^ioii Ijccamc z^o <;^ient[t:*l Ihat Hi ck|]iLt.i[io[i was sent from Ire- 
lantl, 10 invko him [oatit in DxibUn (Lurintj the mcaitk^ of June. July^ nnd Aug- 
uit, U|KNn ^'tri^ prtjfitahle comLhion^ Tktsc he c^tnbt^K-ijd. iitid L:rt>^sifl sbt <vas to 
tht: inLttopoliE^of fjdand m JunCn (?4^ nta^omi^jmied hy ^L^s, Wufiington. 

llis success al Dublin txcec^lt:*! :dl ima{^nnaLiou. tliou|rh much wag ej^pected 
froin hiin ; h& was cau-^sscd In* ail rank^ of penpie bs 3 pmdiir>' of the.itricil ac- 
complishmcmt, Dniirij: the lioltest dnys in the yeiir llie play -buu^e wa.s t:r<nvdf d 




a 

E 
< 
Z 



4J 






Willi [if^iif. of fashion nnd r:int, ,iho «>^tc ncvw tirtrl \vTih swlnpand ppjikiiJ 

Ttii' cNccalve liciii l>f cimi^ j)Tciu,nk:i:Ll lo ihfl ftojucniein of ihc ihiqitc : anil 
the cpiilcniiiriil di'-winiict. "-Iiick winiMl mul c,irnt:d i.iff j-riai [iiimltLis, hi'Js n^k- 
iiiLinrfl rliL' t^irrkkfi^r. Smi'.lieJ '-virli ilic cTudumciiis :irisins frfim ihe sum- 
nil I c.imp,iign, ami Lkry^tiieJ v^'\\h ihi: geiicnms iziiLinin^cmfTii niiJ liJuJ tuun- 
EuLuni;!.' h.vhicli r he mil.il iiy ^ml ^'^'piEr>'of tivland kiil yivn-'ii liim, ami <tf whic:b \\c 
ol\v:iy^&[iLik<; Jfi the '^inniet->i lornii of Mliii(t^N'lcJjjmi:i" iiml yraiiiudL. be ^i om 
fuT Londnii, T'l nrc^v lil^ lalnji^ .inJ tu r^Cf U'f iln: ii|i})Liuw of it": niftii csiticiiL 
fls- ii'dl Ji5 mu*[ cTimliil. :nnlirn<.-i^ in Eui"!'^:, 

Such in iLT.oc 3i r^arsick. "ln-isi.- ncimL.- wIil-ii Jiiinounci:.! in r\iK pl^y-lhill oinr- 
aicci liki: :b iilumi o""! drt'^^' muliiiu'li:;; lu rln- (licjirrc. ciE ci-ii^^qucniic consiJcr- 
nltlk- iiiurmtiiteHl ihc i>r(ffii'^ ai idr |KHcrti.pc Qtii ni Lh<; [ini(^ ivhdii all uitli-iui 
[k>up. w^? ^(►pfx'ni[v liayaiid ,p!emii4 .imt Tht' [Ixntn: (ff Omry L.-hil M.-^m.<l lo 
1m; in ihu mf>!ii ilituri^liiiiji u-umliii^n, liv tin.' situngc ami .ili^unl i:iinilm:i uf itn; 
inJn:L;=tT ilic wliiil,: f.ibrin: wn^ jil>.s.Hiii[i;ly lULiiiiii': inm cc-riaiii ili-yniciiou, 

VVii \'v\\^vMv liriME^-hl Dii n fc\-v\\ (fl ilv prinoip't .iciorft \\-\i\\ Mr. G,iiritk 
and ^t^. Mjcklin ,iL iliuir lii^:nl, ami k>r sunii! lime iln-y ^^rn-il^^il fmm rln; clumrc. 
They ende;ivfKi;il ut prt^ure i p.ilcul lir .1 ikw lliiMirv, i^ul wiliicml ■iuti^c'i : jncl 
GaiTiLk AL iiUfiili :n:tiiTnTn"ilJti'J lil^ dib|nLic wirli iIil- nunj^jtr, Mr. J'kon^-ULicI, 
hv Liiiijyinn 10 pljv n^.iin ior a salnty uf *i'i orscven liundred pnund^ 

In 1 744! Cl:ir[ic;k maJc a sct^d voyage Ht iJul^lin, and Lccainc jitliib-m^ii' 
^erof ihc: rhejirc rhtri; "'iili Mr. Sht-ndau. Tlity mi;L vvitli ^<:M -.uoci^'i- : Jiid 
G.uritls r^'Luriii^d .le^ii" =<' T.ondnn. iti ^[,lv, i7j6. I.jviiij.' cr<*r^W!i^nLb[y ^rkk'd lo 
liif> 5Lui:k <p< niomh'. In L7-1T he JK:Ciimc J^»m'|>.^ieiiice i>f DniT>' L^ms ilitiin; 
with Mr Ljcv, Mt, r.jrrick jnJ Mr. Lacy dlildni ilic |m^l<K-is of liic iIk^efc 
in siLCli a manner iiv noi lo cncraitli ur<m i-imh uliii-rs pnvintt;. Mr. Lauy I'Hjk 
ii|.f.n hiniitlf Ilic cai-L uf rlie wnriliv'H\ lilt- iitenc^, and ihc (^ci'iiiomv of ilic lioiinc- 
itolJ 1 wliiln G^tnc\i n.vii'^i'"'' 1'"' "'""-■ ink|""iaiii Imi'im'^'^ "f trejiiiig ^viili iiu- 
ihoi^ hiriiiji iicic^r-. di^tiihuiint: pins in pli?-*. ^urciinicmlini; <*i icficarsal^, eEC. 
Besides ihc pnifils^ jccruinp fcum hif<1ialf'!ih:in.', liewLis:illniVLil an iiietunf of ^500 
fur \i\.i .ii:liii]i, and 'ionie |ia"rliciilar i-mnluniLius for nllennir pl.ivs. f;ircti. el& 

In [74f^, Mr Ci^LTcitk wn? niarri<;d JO Mademoii^llc \'ii>!riii, a yinm^ lady 
who i.is Mr Davii.-^ ii^iy-). m Kri^-ii eki.'^ince of foiin :iiiil many pulirq ^mJniilL'<li- 
nienis. jointU llie niur. amiable virtues "f ilic mind. In 17O3. i7^4- ^"^ i^^i^ 
\iiz madt a juiiniL-j' En Frince :inil Ir.ily. aeooinpjnicd l>y Mr* Ginrick, ^Uio. froci] 
^diiy oE lier nucri.igc lill ihi- dcjili of Ucr Imslund, w:is m^i r '*^»lnl1^d from 
Vm for iiviimi-foLii' ftonn^ TJnriii!.' Iii^ si^^ ntiroa.l his comjumy "n^ dciiiri-"! by 
many Eoreiyner^ of hiah Mrlli nnd )^^i.v\ im ril. 11:: «as fionleilniL-i invir^-L lo 
givi: ihf LuinjPimv a liMc rjf cli-il iin. in ivlileh ln^ wa-. licntwn so greutly to cxcci 
Such cl rcriLH-^t he ver?' inclily lonir-ntcd H>. for indeed Id'i cninijlimct tosi liim 
n-Jiliinp. He conl.l, Viihimi the ka^t pTcjMfiiicm, innsfotni hinivrlf iniu any 
Chiifiieler [jjyic nr comic, ,ind aci^ iii'^i.^ncniL i.^^-ly n]ion iiny passion of ihi- 
huniAn mind, lie could iiuikiy sudden irjnsKion fcuin viokni tnjjc. and even 



\ 

q J 



«^ 




J^^MLilS viNU AUTIKJKi 

UT^ulaitK, to ihc c.vtn?mi"^ j^f \i\'Uy dnd hui^or. oiicl ^i ihniki^h the whoh drdF> 

On ihc Jtnifi til Mr. LaL-y^ joliti |;aUiihH- oi [Jmry Latif i^kh Mr. G^rTJckn 
ii] J 77J!. [lac iv]]o1jj jTiLinn^umtnt of tli:iL IhLMtrc ck-vfnlvfcl on \lr, G^irrink. Hut 
ill 1776, Jjuicj-i nlMiut siMy yc-JTS of ^gi.\ Im sold :j--^ ^lini't: ^( tljv piertt, ;incl 
formiiJ 1 rii^oliiihm yf t^tikting tht strtgii. I lc hvujs ^low^;VL^^ dciontifcuicJ, heU^^ 
htr kf[ ihc thLMtrc, (u sivi; rhc fjuMiii proofs uf hh ^ibilirk^ itj delight llitJti :ts 
hii^Hiiy:^ h*.- Ji.itl fhvrdw!(e in tfic flo^^-cr jciJ vi^ur tnf hf-^HA", T(F(J]i^cnil Jii?prc- 
iwu[t.Hl iliLtn wilh j;omc of tht most capkai and iryln;! ai^raci<>i>. af ShJktspcaw; 
^^ith Manik't, kitJi.inl, :ih^<| Lcir, 3H^tdi:s otiitr pbU^^ iviuuli w^'it^ luss fi^tijiuinz; 
I Liuil^f Jhiul I^-Lir xrcri: rcptaltJ ; Rickuril hii ^i^rled iniix ^aiih", aiui Ijv tlit kines 
COTnn^iulh Hi^ MjJ4^>^[y x^^i^s mucJi ^rpri^d to s^c^ jiini, :Lt un ^^j^^c txi advanttdt 
run nliflut tht (itiil of Incili.- ^vlth sf> ifli[t:li (wa:, forte, .itid hhiImv- 

1]l Imi^lK-rl hi-i dnhmLult; r^[:c^vith om: of lii^ TiiviNritL^ ^lLL^t^ with Ftflx m 
'^TliL- Wcirntrr a Woiiun Ki:*:|>H ^ S^^crci." W]ii-n t\\%' \A.iy w^i^ nnkd, Mr. tW- 
rick 3dviini;c>d towiiid Mm Jiiidiin^u, ^vith mucli jmljiLUtioti of ntiiid, nnd rHblc 
eniatiacp in hi*> t.-ouiitrsiiinti.\ Nu |it<:iili;t!iiaiitiii wJi.ticvur collIJ prc|>^ki-o him Inr 
rhU LifTt-vJiltay ?^*:iiv. Ik- buwcd— he |i:iii*iciJ— Mk spec Larors were jII ^Lttciwi^^tv 
After -d -^itQri ^tru^F^li; o( riLiture, hu rci:ovprcH frnjii rUt: ,shtick hc.^ h^id fcltn and 
nddrcrssi^d his duJiuin^ hi llitj fij]lah^-i»K ^vi^rdiT 

"L,\DiK5 AX[] GnyTi.tHKx : Ithjs lic^n cusiomjiij* ^ trli pc]?ans iJodtrmv 
1:1 fCLiiii^cii 11^4."^ to ^ddrc^ jTDij in a fjrL'Wull t:pllo£U4^ I haii tlu^ saitiL- iiirt-ntioiiH 
flikd tuniud my thoLE;!hT^ Th.iL ^viiy : Inut uidi^L-d. I luiiiiJ tni^H-clE liini n^ incapuhlc 
tif ^vrtliti^; such :Lia 42|Hlo;£L[i-^ ^a^ \ shuulil Iju tit^w uf sjitakEnE i(. 

^'Tht jingk-uf rhynte^nd ^^lt Irinyii-iyi^ ol liLiioji w^ould hiLt il] *>Liit my ]jrcwii[ 
fcdJnjT^ This i^ to mc a vtry nwfiil mH^nitni. : ii is no Itss thntn iinirtini; faru^^tt 
Willi Xhosc frojTi whi>m I h,iv4: njciivijd ihf e^'^^atf'^i kit^dULss jiocJ frtior-, .utd 
upyn tht sfjol w1i4.]t Ihjr kindcj^:^ [ind iho^^c fLHor^ wcru 4.njc>ycd." [litre lit 
WiH tiri^Mi: to jjrcH_«d li!] Uc wm rtJic^'td by hT sJiowlt ot [c^ci-^ | 

" \V|MicvLTTiiay he tht^ c;hLiH54js of t\\y fiitLirt lifu, the ck-L|ic^f inipressioi] qI 
your kiiirili^c^ witl always reniihi h*.]^ " fpu^LlLif;: iif^ fi.Ltid cm iiis brra^t) " fi.ved 
atid unriltcralilvr [ \^"ill vcr^' rc;idilv jiyrtc Cn m^ suojOi-sori havinc nioro sk!'! 
iiidalilJtiy for thdr ^.uioci than J l]:ne- hut I defy (hvm aJI ifl latt more sin- 
iiiitt^ m\ii moiT un[n[cTn[]}Leil iiahss for yowr lnvc^r, ar io bt jiior*i [ruly i>cn^blc 
of itn ihiai is y^LiT humhlc wj-vanl." 

Afitr a prflfound c>btii=nncc, he ]etired. amSd tht ItClr and accTamntaon'i of a 
mcK^t J:rowdtd and hrJUhm niiditner. 

He dierl on \\'*!dric:«lii)^ mominir, Jnnuiiry ^o, 177^, nj (fe!it o'clock, wiiliuut 
H eioan. Tin; liiseasc wsts prono^mticd to Ijc a paUy in tlii^ lidncys. Oji Mon- 
d*iy, E-'tbin^ry isl, tlic l>ody of David Garrick wa?^ conveyed frqin iiis owii house 
in thu Adelphi, Lind mtKl tnnirnilicently interred in Wr^tmin^Ur Alduv, under 
the ]csonuirt*.-nt. ^>f his belo^^ed ^ih^itu-^pi^^irt, }[e was aUemkd lu the gniVL.^ by 
pcir^ijn> Hj{ tfhc llrSl rank ; hy mo]i iLlLi';triou^ kir penius, and famous for scitnMl 
by those who loved him li^in^^ and lajiii^nted hl> de.sth. 



EDWIJJ fuHIitST 




KDWIN I-'ORRIIST* 

Ei'Wis FriKitFjiT rt'.Ti bom ill iht city o! 
l^hiln.Wphi.i, Mjircli 5, iSo6, hia 
fjlhiT, n Scolcfim^ii, hnviiig eniij;ijicd 10 

AiiicrriiM [liirinp;; ihc Li^ vtitr of rln: pr* 

CLiilijiii tcLimry. Tltu liity, li];e icimi^ 

otlii'fs uf Jiis profiBiidiJi, wiis ilu^iguud fm 

the miiiiflc^, ueitJ bcfujv ili<! ,ige of eki-ca 

the finuic Clinininc li:iil iiUmulod [iitinir- 

^D^ lisELiicis lij- the niiisL- uf ]i|g voke and 

rhc iijjln[i?s of hi'i jniniit'ry. ITi^ nieinaty 

; ""j-i injiiibirk^llc. ibiul Ihc "'uulJ tL-ti'iic ^h'liolc 

' p.i.'^g^ of hb |>teteplor"s sliitiotifl 

Ptix-|n:d iijioiij tJinlr nr ntfiol, aiiil trowned 

vritU iliL' [hrijirpJ .i]P|>rL>vji] uT fjnirlv jiiJ 

liii'inL'^ liic: yoiiii^' iniri>ic filk-cl [he U---ans 

tif hi:^ li'^rtiicrs iviili fcrvcni liojic^ of hJs 

CQiniii:: ^gc^^.'^ in tli,: fold cl ihi.ir luifinvd diurcli. Tiit-:L Iki|h:< were desibcd 

rn b^: mcr ^mli di-^iihEHifnimcnr, 'Hiv libs ut ck (uiLiri! Ii^jJvt •'( Jfic AmcHcflu 

sfn^e WIS only hhitly oudined :i5 yi;t : his hour u£ dtiviilujuiitm M-a^ eliil in 

He mi]« h^ie lenrncd tjrly [he miid lu ilii; rhcaitc. permincd to fto by the 

fLicnily, oreoinK, 1iTh;ijK ^Mitioui [he kiiinv|t-d^- <,t CLiii<t]ij (»( hiii^eiiioi^ in [he 
oiH-crworfied hini'^huld ; for. hcfrta' he li.iJ |ia.<h^ci iii^ iLiuli \%-j,!. om vumiH xr- 
mpnia^r iias a mcmlKT of a Thespian club, imJ kfcre lie wns tlev'eii ht^ had 
niiidi: hii ap|)LMiiHKc ,ii one tjf chc rcyuljr rhenCrts in a ftmsilc cbiruiLitrH Itut 
WEih moi^i di4i:>rr(?u5 iiJiiilLfl. I Fi: 'Jiftn uui^tlw ihc jyiii'ininy of his fii^i fEbllure:, 
ho^iicvcr. Jinil :i£:iln md ii^oiii sought ip oiercQrn4. lis jiisgnicu l>y n (icsh jij^pear- 
an«r. To iii:^ npjujf^ [ht iruie ni:in,*p:r l!:nt a d(.»f <:nr. The sacred pottj! ihai 
T.;.id^ 10 [he c:iicham4..i gionn^i tif tlje p.taf-i! ''•■•^ cliiiiil agaujst vcmn^r Fon«r, the 
warden heinjc iniicLoi.Nl \v,i c, k-r [lii: iiiii^niuin.iru bnj- p.i-.; Ehc di^ur. At Ijh, 
ir. dftiperaiirjn, iic fL-^uK-ni ro stonn [Ij^: ciUhEl-I, lu Jh-mc d<j.wi iht niiiliful guard 
and lo cany Wur into [he iricmy'? cjinp. One riifhT he da^fiid ifx<.| ihc uslon 
isiied gujfdinii f,F [he siogL' i^nrmncc jui^r -,n iIll- tuftjJn fell iip(,n onf of ihc net- 
of ii pby. ]iL viiiergLd liefucc [he Eofjrljghis, eluding jJI pu^siiii. ilni'Wed pa ,i 
hiiikquinn .iJid, iKfore ill.; audienee hud recovered from iis -isJ[Diii5hintiii ar ihj^ 



14 



asy AKTl^tS ANU AUTliDRS 

sctiit nf*l *ti tlown in tlii^ >331ls, iliL- h^ifflLrl, Imc ]uii Mjliduod, q^^pinnt !ud dcliv^ 
crcd Ihi; lliics of iiu t:|>il-i^uc in :hyrM^ wiih mj Jtiuuli ^f\\:<:V l^^t^f, btkirt Ik could 
he flfclatJ bv Lhc y^tuLtl^^il^J Stai;t-m.sLl:l^rt:i Mvi litll'tt^tl f]Oin llii^ lliu^rt, Ik^ rmcl 
atfmcieJ |>Lil>lit }^^\ccy siLccL^^^Citlty ^vun hii suLj>fi^L^ ;iu*lit:"*^c, jhicI nut <jsilv 
scE^Lirt^cL immmmy fruiii t'Lt'^^^^^^^^'^^^ 1^^' '^^"^ lenuiJtyH btit ^it-tunlly j^aiiscd iliat 
rc^ptct in rlic tniinjyt'r s ritjin^iiion wliii^li )ic Itad so lt>ng ai^d so vtiinly RirivL^ma 

Ai h-^t l-L^rrL-fit ivas pt^^mwcd nt» ^E|>pc^rjtiicc at i\\\^ \\\\.i\i\il. Siroet liou-:^, then 
otie (jf till- kailltis; Ihralrct^ i>f th*: tuuiury, lit SLlccied \oung Nori^al iii 
Hohk's rr^>rtdi- of '' Dou^l^i^" Jnd oti Noventljtir j;, lS=o, liic fulurc nia?t^ r ni^f 
tbe Anu-ncArt si-i^^^ then (ouftten jt^rs of age— a l>rjy in yens n ati^n iu clinrnc- 
cer— annuunLtrd as "' j\ VoLm;; OcLUkmaii ol ihii^ City^" jiUtTDuntkd hy h1 jiruvjj 
of vctcmn actura wbo had lot lUuTiy y^r-Li^ shart-d ili^ fj^^jr of the |nil>ljti Im^eehIu i 
c-dT"L:<:r ^chi^'li wj^s as nit-^pitlou"^ aj In opciiin^^ ,is it ^v-is splendid in rtJi niatLinty. 
At hi^ r!Ui^tni:c: liL^ x^'oo llii^ v,is\ -Ail{i\^.^\cc a[ tJiKt; 1^ llu- jji'^ct of his fifi^irc .and 
Hic niodi^int Ijiraiing tKjt wis lututjl to litm. SaniL-thin-; uE thiit iiKi^ncOHFH 
^'hkh he txerclsiud sti elT^-ttivL-U^ in late years new oiLrjiulod all who heard him, 
OTid niAde fi iynds e^en U"l"<^rc he SiJokt. 

lie was allii^vcil in uti|>ptar cls I'ledcriek m ^'Lovere' Vows" reptallnl; hiS 
fiiijl success; and on J^infciary S^ iSje, he lM:nL'fttt:d ik Oclnvian in rhc "^Muun^ 
tflirw^urs," .1 ]i1eiy- aj^fwitijiied iviili tike Cnirly jilorii:"^ of Edmund l-ie.in. In this yetir^ 
siso, ho: inade hH ftn^l and only venture \}^ \i nijiiiay;c:r, buldly lykin^ iht; Prune 
Sirett Tli^annj, Philatk-lphian an<t siviiig a sitijfes^ful pcrfgnaTintc ni ''Mrchird 
Hlnr" which not oiilvpii^a^d tln_aiLdiuMicj\ huf hrmiL^ht Uim J fi^w dnhlLirs af pr^EiL 
He niadt many auctnpiiiu sfeurc ii rtyubr cn^aijement m unt: of the Wescfrii 
cil■l:mts^ where t=^p*!rienuc coitld bu jraint^l; and nt hi^f, after mjHydtnialsHht \^\^s 
enil>loy<id l>y Collins md Joncii lo pby Icadinir juvenile parl-^ in thL-ir theatrt-^ in 
l^ttshtirRhn CincinnaLi^ and lxxin|rton. Tims, m lliu -irl- oE liistecii nr eiphtt^n, 
Edwin Forfi-^t ciiiullv<l fiim^lf hIs a rtgial.ir mtniljer ot ^^ llic^arricrt3 eonlpany, 
and iiroke lou^ from r]':ide forever. 

Of his profe&sionsil prc^re^^ iwnz w^ havr hnt ptK>r a4_eounls. Hi^ ^^m^ to 
hai-e lH;t!h very \>Q\M\hr, and (r> haVL had ai] L\N]3t.Tit:]iec lar^^ir thin i\^ h^iLi hcn> 
lofiJTi^ unjoytMl llu phyizd with the ehkr Ctjnwjy^ and iv^ i^it^ci^i by ihe 
grinduur of that actors OEhellu, :t study wlikb ^rwi\ Tojrea >vdl wliL-n in Lite 
yX'iiV'^ he i]iherited I he i^l]jinictL'r. 

Jjnc Pbcidc, \^'ho inspired thi. first tove of F^Kvin Forre-i, was an actress who 
combined t^iknt, bt.-atity, and Roodnts^ Her eha^kcter xvould have softened tlio 
rt^ritit^ tif his, And led him hy a tHibier !>aih to rliosc snind elevations toward 
which Providence had diriirtud his fiiot^ie|i^ lltinied in ^c^ve, hnh^-evrr. and he- 
lievinK CaldwLlI to l< his rival and enemy, hii ehalknyed him ; but ^a^ rebuked 
by thL' jsHeni coiitcmpt of his manap^r, whom the impulsive and dj^up|>u]nted 

lover " j^fv^teilh" 

The hard l]^JVltulc of Edwin Torrent was now dmwitiy niiar its elo^:. Secnr- 
ins ^ sTamJ; en^tigemunt with Charles* Gilferf, manjijer of the Alhartv Theatrep he 



EDWIN rORHEST BQ: 

l^aieil.thcri.' In ihc early full, am! pluytd lut ihc firal Lime iiUli Hiliniinit Kvaa. 
tlr™ on liL^ ^ccoiiO visit lo ^\imiiLLi. TJiii mcuilji'.'imh ihii [Mrjorjflriiiri mun 
jiJid ilic jkllciLiiDii lie rrc-civcJ fruin Liiiii ii'h.i'i; foi(;jnu.hi ^iitf/ng iJi,; ,(irLLiinji inllu- 
entts of i'oirest'a Irft To his Ijii^l lioiir Ik ntf\i;r w'l-'antd 01 scnginy i\k ;.[jiirt 
of Ki'Jii, Hhu!,!: gmiiiK (iJlt(E iltc Euj-lisiiri|^iiikin(; HorM ^^iih adjiiimliuii. Two 
moil irioiv unlike ill mm(] iiiii] iiodycnn !*iiitv]y In: iiiiiyiiiLd L'niil rn-u- Pot- 
IC5I Jiad ■vcri no iiiior wliO r<:|iTi^ii[eJ in i-crfJciion llic iinpn^iioned SLlinol of 
U'hitli Kean wa^iliu ni.i^tiit. Uc could nm ijinc known Cooke, ctcii iii ih(; Jc- 
dine uf Hi.lL Hrcal lrag,:(lijii"s jxnvcr. ,iiid [he lillle gi.mt ^\':is Imlccd n re^vl,»ion. 
He pijyeJ l.ij^ [rj K^^mi'i^ Oth,:]|o, 1 iius lo hiii iSriiiu^, Liml UiiiliFnuiid lu his 
l^idiurd lir, 

Jn ihi: iLi[i:ri^i whicli pn^e^di^d the opening of ihc Boveiv Thcoirc N\'W 
^'ork, Tort^i apiituri^l at ilii; l^iirli for [hi: lnjiiditof WooJiml I, playing OHpclla 

tic ilinde J proiioun(,i;d siiccei^^. Iii^ filj maiiiia(.r fining in rioiu, |nofnncly cx- 
cljiiiilng, ■■ by God, ihe hoy lu^ iiiuIl- ;, ]m|" Thl^ v.-.-.s a gtLJi event, ^is ilie 
[*^rl: Hjs iliLih ilic It^adiii;: thR^tu of AmL-iic.i, and ii^ jitiori n-cre ilic most fa< 
maiL^ ami (.'\e1uiiivf. 

He opLNiLiI ill il[iL- JlON^ erj' Tlnaii'e In November, iS?fi, a^ Oiliello, nnd made 
D. liiillijLii inij-rcsiun. Ui^ sikiry w.is mi^cd from S?& iQ J40 per wt(^t. from 
ilii&^ucce5iiri:iy be ir,ii:(:d the fint ah wluic hokl made by Edwin Foi [i;.-sH[pon 
Ihcaltcniion oc uLiliii-aud .ludiiop. md inLi:llii!L'ni criiies. Th^: iJowccy wis then 
a Vo-y dilTeriinE iIilmhc from wh^c ii afcerw.icd lK-4^:inie, wheci [h<? ntiwshoys [pok 

fotciUc p^^■i^«^OJl of il^ piland the nre-l^iddi^-s ^vercilie ilibki^rs of public la^le 
in iK utij^lihoilifjorL 

An iiUnianue of rcirrtMs nior,il inli-grily may he lold here. He liad ln-en :i|>. 
pronchi^d U 1 rival m.^jf.jrji,r, afii-r hi? lirii'^ueeei?, and urgtd lo «.L-4.de fium ilie 
Bowciy and join rliL^ oilimr lioiisc Kn much liirger i-ilary, Hescorcifullv icfnsed 
to Ireak hi^ word^ silihougli his own inLinsis he knew ]niii.t sjJter. Hii ]iopu- 
lurky a[ ihl^i iIhic wa^ ^t- j^rpL-.fi ihal^wln:!! his conloct (or iliL-scai^ii had n'^jhirtd, 
he was insnnily engaged fofti^-hi niglii?, ni asfl^iyof iwo ImmJicd dol|jn;a night! 

The 5ueceK whieh fijd grc^ied Pofie^t on hii liril ajijKaraciee in I^eiv York, 
Wis n;[iewe<l in every city in [he land. Fortune aiiciid-.d fame, and [illtd his 
poeka^as ilie hreaih of adiihilon lilled hi.: ht.irr- lie had j-ind liie Li^e |M'rmy 
of dL'lii ]e[l ly his i.iihvr. and liid &;c[i a JiJin shelter niiy:i] over ihe ht.id ul his 
living family Willi a paiiioiic tech'ng for all ihing;, .Ann ik.irt. Foriiisi, zdi^u 
thj^ liniu, formed it j>fi.n for iIil- eiinMii,i^un]en[ or dcvil.ipmenl of nn AmtrlLzin 
dr.imi. whieh nr^idied In heavy money lijj-ics lo hijnsejf, hm prodiieed -iuch luiv 
nilbniioiis to our Hage liieTaiiire as \\n- "Gladiaior," "jaek Cade," und " Mela- 
mora,'* Afler fivjj yean^i conslant bhof he felt lh:i[ he had tMmed the rigiu 
10 a holiday, and lie formed hi^ jtlan^ for a two ytars' aliscnci; in liurope. A 

-OJ FomiE'ii pcrlatm^ivv D(M^mDR,in (Sic |i[j^- a| ihn nop^, W. B. AJa^ a^-.-^- -if-^r -M on 
-ma nmm [fiLTauiJily ilstinfj anJ mucr l\i\n-^\i ivi41l t\- |;jn iEidh ['unen dhl En ■ Mrtairmm.' Hr d^b 
(ui^pUirk irQ^rgmiM fjom wlc^i he app^ar^d in iWi«- ,.|ivi^/» i^^id ^cm^ Irdii,. m «=t pbnkulm-. ,11 
iSirihatfhi nnd nil djrt, Imoi Uv moivn of liib liuaJ 10 rdc wli. oi !iii fom," 



u =■..:-,-. 



80:1 AKTISTS ANL^ AUTHORS 

fiiciiwrll Kini|uot «'a^ iL-inlrrfKI liim hy ihr: ciTii*!^^ '^f NVw Voik. tiinl a meilal 
was -inn^k In ii'-imi ol (hi: na^islon. Utyant, UjUf^Lk, l-i-j^yLll, Inijralijni anil 
ailicr .li^.|i[i^uiilicil incii h-ctv pn^!*iii. This wivi m\ lioiiur wliich fuil never be- 
fore bc<:ii |hiiil lo nil Aim-iii---iii JicioT. . ^ . 

Ht liJil been J^>l^cTH ihuuT. iwo jtliis wtien lie kn^Lct Tn Nc'^ Vorl; m fii^jt- 
k'niljtr, iSjO. Oil ]ifS iippt'.iTniici: ;ii rhe Walimt Siri.tL Thtmn.-. f']iiUJtl|>liia, 
bt! woi Hiizeivcd wjih uniicLti-lenn:*! i.'iirliu-*iiiiiin. Jlc ga^'C !il^ purfurnmiijes 
only, tin lliii ijcm^iun, ami cjeh pan' n ix-jM-liliun u( (Ife scene al tlii: bcgiiiiiiii]^'' of 
tin' ■:ii!:ai.'L'inenl. Tile tcL'cipE'i *v>tc iUl- ht^iC ei'cr knci^'n in ih.it li-msen 

On :M.|iicii]bcr 19, rfisfj. Fnirv^r tnilhirlii^d onec nn-Tc tor iln: intiiLn-T coun- 
try, [liiiiimc «[(^ ^mus |nir|io!,<:. Adcr u siifitJy iiml urtciuniful \K>s-^ii'-- '1= 
rtaditil EiijJilinJ. -mJ Jii oiiire SCI iilioui the prciiminEity bu'.iiiess of liis Biirl'^li 
cnpnycmon^N^hich LtL^m Ocl.jbtr 17, 1836. ]]c no.', ihc Tirsi. rciilly (^ iit Amen 
iciiii iiclor wlio hait .it>in.'iR'rt in [^ndim :ls n rivifl of jhc En|-li'^li inHicdinns; for 
Uoopcr w^'i burn in Eni-i^inil, Jhfni,-h Jik-ay^ n^jcdtd .i^ JH'hiiii:iiig^ la the 
j-uifnt^T ctnumy, lli^ upaiin^ |j.bit wx^ Spriiiciit In ilii^ "GKiJimor." TTifl 
plnv w,i5 o>mtcnini'd, [he actnr :L'j|>;ainl,;(L bt UilnHo. in Lc^r, iind mM:idvi1i, 
hi; ;LcbkvcJin?inn[ suclij&k. He \i-^n Ins cntE-ipi^intni OclriliL^r l^lb JniL tlLfrcd 
Ditumljcr [cfLh, hLLvingr actrrJ Mjclieili sevi'M liln^.■'^ Qihdb niin^, Jiid Klnj^ Lejr 
uiyhL AillmiLL riE ibe Cr.irriL^ [:iiib WK viiizn-i\ ,iiiJ uccLfiicd. 1!h;h; \k -^i 
duwn with L'hurk^ Knjiiiblc lihiL Micready ; Sorgtunr T:il[our[! vn? in tliu chair. 

|[ vis^ dumg [Jiii cEigj^'ifH-'iii Iff mti his fuiifrt wife, Wis CnLhiTinu Sin- 
clair. In ilic IjLFi^r iJiTi of Junu, iS^;, iln; iiiirri,ig.' luok pLu-'j; in St. i'aul's 
Cbureh. C<"cii[ l")ji'1<-n. Mr. .nui Mi^ l-ocresi soon -ifltr linib^tkcil [or Amer- 
ica. Tlie iriir;!;<li;in rtsun)<-i! Iiis .^MKiJL-in cn^bgnLiiicnrii No^'eniher Ij, lSi7,.ilI 
iht "Id Chc^inui Siieti 'rinuKi, Phil.iu-lplilJ- Pr^scniLil lo hi'i fricnd-S tii^ wife 
ill nncL' iiuai: a dj:i]> anJ Ij^iing inipussiun, iJcr luiUt- J-:li<:iicy nt miiul .mil 
[elin<:iin.n[ iJ[ manntia i^iiLlunlcd tho'^t' w-ho h(>tn:il fur some sucli Inllntiicc: id In; 
cjrrrLHl in sofrcninc [he roupli vijior ;inil ilLnnotrLTlii: JiPVL-niiphtnt;;^ of ihiz nun. 
Dmnc^iic riiscurd ciinn: loi> sonn, hcwcv^-r. and in an evil lirjur fnr liiins(;ir. m an 
ci'il hour For hi'i avi uml for the p^nisK^ii'jr iltim;! in AintiKH, Ed\vin Torrea 
^htL'^^' o|K-n ilii; iluor-i iif hi^ fK>mu m ibc stniiiiiy of ilu^ world, .nid n|ipi'alid To 
ili^ ojiirts to r.:inoiL- thu &kt!lH;ion which was liidilcn in hi^ clowr. Willi rlic 
piotccdingN i>f ihui uia!. «hieh icsuln^J in Jivoctp^ alimony, and w|uinniHiii, iliw 

niLinoir has ndthin^^ ii d'^ 1 

&lKfn Furseii, leaving ihc conrt-moTn n ricfeaicd miin. w.i^ 1 n^f sitiCly nn^d lo 
a |Hj|niliimy A-iih ihe masw^ Ijcj'nid [iiiyiliinj^ iven hi; h:iil before c?;|ii;rii;Ln,cd. 
He \>i:t^.\n an en^^'agcmeni ^.oon niter :\i iln! liroiidw;.y Tlie-iirt, c>|n:ninB H'i Di 
man. Tin; Ikjii* ^tis crowd,:d to in^iiFoL.irlon. The tn^jjeicnu^nt »f stxiy niehi* 
HD'j uiitijrjl!t!!,;d in ilii.' history of the Amiiiican dtiima foi kn^ih ami profu. 
ISlli di?si>ire [lit Jlattennn appljiti^e of ihi- nuilritudc, life never :i;;.iin li,]d for liim 
ihi- ?milinf ispcci ii iiad so oCien worn buFore. Lbe applau'ic which filli;d bia 
eari. ili^ wl^IiIi ^vhicli llowed in upon him uoiild not iinprnv-c iliii ii.mpcr which 
lind Jifivct Ticcn .miiihli;, And :l|I ihti lurd sioriti of his life helon^ lo (his period 



r _ 




FCfflftEST *S WETAMCJfiA, 




On Squallier ?o, fSji, lio rcnr-pearcd T,t (he Rro^dM':iv Tliczirrc S'c«- York. 

l>y i]it iJw IcngesE nm i-f im Sli,ik-:s,tT,rCTii plav in Aim-ri^a. The cast was vttv 
^^^.11^^ a indiid^d Conway, IHti. D.^v^^pori; h'opL-. DQl■idg.^ Ui.m,;>iii[ ilj, 

OiiSr|,lcml.crJ7, JSeo, ifl<:r nn qbsc.cy af n.wij Tour v.-jr!^ Ed^^in I'Hintsr 
m"^Tcd jy^iii on >he ^t^H.:. li^^ wns fng^igcd bj- J^mca Xlsc^n, ;,iid l^q^n Lis 
c-oima.L Lir aiu huiiJ„^d night? ,,i Xibto's 0:ird.ii, N-.^ Y„rk, in ifi:: d2r;.c[ti 



of rjr 

[ltd 

[lO'L .... *u■.^v^i, ipj irfnstcjtjfmiii nvsim rliiii uf .\t^v- Vork, In Liu^n-u ilic 

va^ QUdnonun^ c»f the ^tL.nd..%i tl.«irc in Amaici w.^^ („ii,id t^i^ ^ji!l t^ coo- 



J r Jimfi:! 1 lie h>ng tuitrfinei.i nply ir.tr^'a^eii \\.L- ,:„rious in[cre.4 whldi ^;^n' 
red round h.s h,sn.rn: .lami-. V\'u,^ hh "jimiiin n^^-hi rl.^: aji. u-,'rc. y»ld oi nuc- 
io*L Jiis sn.:c<'ss in I^hiJstd.Jfdfi^ rjvjitd rliiii ijf .\c:^v- \'ork. In Liu.io» i|jc 



PIPE .n, unHic,m,„„ig: ^, ; -,n.| ;„ ,^f^_ „.,,i,^ ,,^,.i f,^,,,,,,^ ^,, ,^^. ^|^|.^|J 
Sin.^. fhcni.., II. ii.diiin».,: ,h,^ „T.,UKr 1^,.^ vcty c;n|J and ,1,^ ^b..»a^ oi-cn ti, 
dmuglirs, 1. „j. ^'iftd ivjif, .,^ud.i.n illr,t,Ti, whidi vv-^. folhAvcd Iv vttv ^tious 
n:siiJK Surr.nn^! i],o most iiiiL-nsc Jiuonv, he ^.,js al.ic in-, g^j r,j the tiid ^r ilie 
pan: \.„t Miirn his rol^ts \vc.c^ l.iid ™.Jdo Jnd fliyii^i^il-i Mirrnidnud, it «■;.. found 
Ji. h,. h^.rt^rllMt hclWinJTcr<^dj.pj,iul,,jinilv^iiuf ih<j .cijik iKua l,> an 
msiani the s.urdy ;-;.it, ijit- frmid ire.id of il,,. li^jtuk-.n; ^tr.>r «:,s r<.n;vLT i-.ins- 
f^.i' le LKi'.r rf£,i,n,d Lon,|-lulr CL,nTtr>i «,f |,i^ limK d r>.ccc|>til>k li<»l.blc l>elm. 
rhe k^«..v „f ih.. dr^Kdrul viihaiiojv I h^ right hand w^ aln.t*t pmv.rlcss. di«d 

in IS^ iK' wont to Califc^tniii. m^^d hy ilic; n.;in,iger in San KnmciflH. 
Nis List oii^r^^r^nK-nt m Nc^.- Vojk rool. pb^e in rd>r.i:in-, 1^71. II.- ,»|„'.d 
Li.'^t .in.l K,L-heh<ru, his iwo i^'n^-t.esi |iiitK On ifiL- niyhL of Murth -i la?! 
t-oir..s[.i|„.nedm ■'U^r" atili. Globe IV^i.^. IJoslch, '■T^:,r" ,i'nwW'ri sIj 
nrsHK DLiiiiiy i|„ ^coml ^-c^k he wi^ ntlTKiiincd for RiLh.licu jnid ViT-in. 
ins; h^i Ik cu^Iii ■! ,-iotent njofd on Snnd.v, und kLorc.l sordy on Mcnd;»v 
evening, thi.ni^'1. ih,- |^arr n[ Rich.li.i,, On T„esdnv h.- r.x.u.:-! iht' |>,.rromi- 
jin.'.r. at'.nn'.. t^l^advic.'H7 of (ria.di .,nU phy.i..i^.js Rare hu.«r^ of hi, old po^vcr 
t.i;h cd u]i ihc play, hnf he iahfrcd piu'Oiisly .m ai^ain^t Uh illne^ anil th«eai. 
eiiLd pne;,n,dr>ia, W li-,n ,Litn„i.Lnrs ..vn- <Mf.H[ he r:.-]ucici\ .1,em. dcclorli,!, 
ih.it ifhL'diL.I irn.nE^'hr. he 'jlmuld still I,thi5 old r^y.il ^iir ■ 
Annomicod for Viiginiu^ ihc following tv^innj:, he w^s uiial-lc lo ippcar, 
A SH^vere allack uF pntuniontj d=i't[0|U'd li^.Jf. LI^ was ca/ti^^d .0 hj^ Jui,d. nnd 
his Jast cnH3^"icnt wa^ |,rt.ii|v[i, r,. ^n a^mpr muj m-lsincholr end. Ai soon as 
hu- was jW 10 mijvc, lie lef. Uo^mn f„r hl^ home in l^hiLidclphiL, r^^m-. on hi5 
iv.iy oiiJy >t d-iy in W^r V'.irk. As rJi.: ^nm.iit^r ].,i«ed nw.iv, tli<^ d.'^jte for woilt 
pe^y sirong^r nnd sEranjjer, imd he d.ddr.l to rc^.m^fr jmhlic life, li^t simnlv is 
a reader of the gr^Mt |>l.j^ in .Lhich lie h:.d as an Jttrlor l.ecn so ^u.-ct^^ful The 
Rsutl was n dks,ip|)oin.nicnt. On D^t.inlcr n. ifi?;. Iir ^^rofe 14, Oak.s hJs 



'■> ■ '• »^ 




AHTtSTS ANIJ AUTHORS 

ij^{ kiXKt, wyinR jyWly, Jnn fcntd!y : '' CkkI lift^ ycu f\'tr, any d«ir and inuclt 
b^uv^^ JrFE^ndr" 

Whoi^ tilt tntirtiLn^ i»f Dccc^inbcr i^ih caivi^, his ^ri'^tit^ hcurinc no j»oi]ttc] in 
hi?^ chnntljcr Ai hh ^fuihLT.il hittir lYi risiii^^^ Ik^ctiii^c ;:^hrmtJ, u|h:ii4jU hi^ m^ist^r's 
dtiot, ^ml faULid tln^^r-f, ciilil in tltriiih Lij^nn ^lls htirt^ ihc ftirm of iht ^a^jl iragt- 
Ji.hn. lil^ Cini]^ u'cic cro^^^Nl ijptKi lii^ l^c^ic^ni^ Ami be ::^t\'ni4^d to Ik^ Ai tcit. 
The; slfLikt Juitl lu^riiu sLiJdi^iily. Willi Ittdc wahrnu]^^ Attd wtthoui piniin he linid 
pzijy^ccl ^^^'liv. 

Tiw tLt.^^d matr^s wHl ^i^ns found to contntn sqvQ^ SequcsM tn 1^k1 frTcnds ^nH 
serib-nrtt^r ^"lI li[] L-laharatc injlu'mt Uy wlkic'li hi*t f6rtllrtL\ iti thr h^iiul^ nT tmMtiiSv 
ffjs lu be rip]jii4jd to thi: cn:c:tion Jiiitl Mtjtjiort oi h rt;Lit^iil lar [lui^tl nti-hiT-, io be 
{lulled " Thi^ EIJ^^^ui Forrei^t ITociicr." The id<;[i hshd l^e^^n fonp in iiis fiicnd. ,tiiJ 
c^arerut diitctjofis wiin^ di^wn icp for it^ ij^icUkiI w^orkiiij^ l h\ix rh*^ irqi^itE.^ 
found thenisuh'L-s powt^ilcM to rcnhltiifii: fully tlit tiopt^ LLhul h-L^i^iluS f>f tlii^ Icscmor. 
j\_ it^LLk^tncrul. fiiiJ lo be in.iiJe to tin: iLivcriJcJ wift, why Jtlc;d ]tL4^n>|ly LownrJ 
tlic: i^sElUc ; but tlio anicnuit xvillidiawn ^ofiously cri|>plufl it, w^ it wns Jeprivcd M 
oncL' of n hr^c sum of rt^cly monL^h\ Olhtr lug.il didkitltLL'in .]roSL^ And Elms 
lh^gr4.'LLt titYibitinjn of Llit ifjijchLijiii to lie li iH'nt'faetov tr> hi-^ proffiiiion \\\}^ des- 
tined to cotncr almost to nuui^ht. Of tlds liiif]]iilv huW hi: wnk:^ now, lie Ijaa 
{>?.tled wkLi .ill ihL' cufcs t?f life^ nUid fi:is ^t lu-^t louthd rest. 

Forrest's gtcNtttst Shaktf^pcnro.ui [Kirts \Terc l^t^r, Oilielli^, :tnd Coriobnus. 
TJll> LifiL gr4.'^r mellow ^nd rieli as the aetor j^^v In yeirs, while it still reluincd 
muuh of its earlier forci:^ Hi^ Othello sufTireU \y\}]y ihc dtxlinc of hii^ ffuuitkts 
althoti^i] his cictir cuiiee|>Lion of .lII Iil^ ilitl W^L^ ;ip|^renE \c ihor i.iid []i Omi -"^ftjriy 
of cvxry one of his p.tnit. CotloIjuus ilied with hiin, the I?i5l of M tlic Kon^oti-^ 
He was grcatestp however, in sicch piuTS ^^ Vlrt^inlu^, Willistm TlH, n^d Sputu^ 
tu^ lic-rt liH mHUUienjfm^ot !!4it nnd utieont^e wer*3 Less iwticeutjle iluu in Ihis 
Sl^jkespc^lreiii clt.iraeter^, or M't^re ui'LTJvyked in the njggcif myJi-s^^v^H■s ol [he 
CL^^tionr EJaniietH L<aeh^Ri, ^ud M^ielielh "LVere out c?f his leinper.imLiil. .lud 
ftildcd notliinp lo his hnw^ ; hut 11iehL'li4;d i,^ sacd to havtr ^3e^;n "tie of his nobler 
*iid mo^t itm>tc'ffiive jM^rfotniji^t^es, f fe '\.v^s in all thin;^ inLirked and iri^tiuL'ttix-. 
tits obtrusive persoiialliy c>fci:n tkstcoyed cht h?Lrmoi]y of tht porinit he w-^s 
p^nlln^^; bat in liis inspired TnfH'iiei]ts, ^vhieh wcro manyj hi^ Lmuuljes wi^re suli- 
|]m& Hu jLis^^d over -luit^t scents ivith little etahor^Liou, :iinl fUvelt stfuniily 
upon the pit^atid featun^s of the ehar.iuters hr repre^it^nnd- Hi^ Lear^ in the ^f^at 
scencsn roie to a m.tje.stie fieipt^tH btn (til in placi-^ :ilcnij-^L ro inediotrrily- His 
art wa5un€;qual tn hi-^ naturnil tnfl^ lie wp^ toB^lly uulilit: hisiirt^t euLilempO' 
mry and Hvalp M^ierevidyn whoj>e attention to dtwil gave to evt-rj* |n:rCorinant:e 
Ihe harmony cjf ptrfeec work, 

Tiiis memoir maj* fitly clow ^ith ari illusirjiitve antcdolc of the grciit actor. 
Towjin! the end crf iiij> prr^fe^itrnjil i^ife^r he ^vas jjl^iying an eny^pt^mcnt fit St- 
Loui^ ITt Was V[:ty fet^Ulo itfc hi-'flltla, and hii lametie^rs waH a sourec of grefll 
inxiety to Hiau. Suuti^ at a la^ supper in his hotel One cvenintr^ aftei" a ptr* 
formanccof ^^Kiji;,^ Lt-ar," with his friend J. B. MeCiillou);!], of thcr f7A?^-/?rM.^ 



J 



* 



CII.M^UITTE CL-SHMAN" 



3^ 



rr^fy tlkiHL i^ntlciiian rcmukc^t to him; " ^f^_ KurtL^i, l nevtr in my li£*^ yiw ^'oci 
pky L-..ir su wtll a^ ycm Jul to-nigliL." U'fu^rnnjicjai thu VL^lcran jilrm^st. jndig 
ninlly I'^zplitid^ riirinp slowly antl lalKjriouih" from kis chair to hiii fiil] height: 
^^ l^lfly Lnj^r ! ^VhaL tio you nican, sir? ] do not ijliiy [.ear L I \Auy llnnilct, 
^ichfird, Sfi^lcjckn Vii^inJuSi if you pLcni^^ hut hy t'^oit^ e^Ii; I jiwj Loir 1 " 

Niiru-a^ this ivhuHy impgijixitv- [ngi-atitudcof ilw lj=Lstiit kimllud n.-iit his- 
soul. OIlI fritnJft were gtiiif Tn^jii him; iit^^v- frkiitk hvc-re but h^lt-hoisric^^. 
His lte;mh^tuEae w.as dci^l^^te^ Thi: puMtUp [r> wliuin he haJ given hts hfst ytaji^ 
\i'3is hei:o[]n]ig liTipjtiertt of |i3s Jtirirrtiiiiti TJu: raynilty of his powers lie saw by 
deiTtets torn fruiti liis tlteqyiiiir (L]["tnH OeIut tinijs htiJ arisen oci th^: st^i:, to 
^vliom h!^ olJ :5uli|uci-i tiow^ ^hoivi^d a revtrrt-nte uhlt; all hjs own. The ]not:kcty 
ot his dijclain ocily r^m^iiitiiL A wr^Kk of the onc^: pjflHd mun who ha<l 60- 
^i^d nlf WL-jikness;^ and had ruJL^J Jiis kint^^dom ^rirh iin|>t:rl;]L h^i'^a', he now stood 
=L]onL\ lliohun in he;ikh niicl iti ^pirit^ de^j-ic-J^ lorgLHtteta^ Unkulgcd, be might 
well exeliiLnip ■/nwiitwr/*' 



CHARLO'iTE: CLiiH.MAN 

llv tJcr^>^ Co^rt 

■jiSVK^. _ . 'T-^^FE J^iljn^im Fniiliers figure in Ami;ricinpaJi- 

X prtL-b .ilFnost as f retiitcnl K' :ind jJcr^i^^EL'ntly 
as Norman ^Villiani uiul liis ft^lhJW4:r^t n[»|}enr nt 
tl>e trunk cf( our fr^niiJy-tMCi, CcrtainlVp the 
MuyllcnvLT mueit have cnrrit^d very msiny insids 
of Iiouscs ;tcm^ thi^ Atkiatie. [t was not it^ the 
iliiylloxvLrt hot^^ver, hut in thv Foriutie, a 
pmalkr ^i^ssel, of llfLj-li^c Tons thai Kolrert 
Cusiinijin, >^fjncnnrunnl^l. the lounder uf lIic 
Cu^lamaii fiiniily in Ann-rltsk, Saiktl (r<^m Hn^ 
Irind for |l>t Letter Liiijo^nicnt uf liijc^tv t>£ h^tjaf^ 
^cienct ai]J frei^dfjm of feh^Hjiin [n tift ^^^enih 
g^'tienitiHiii (mm Kof^ert Cu^hn^Ern uLJ|PL:^a-L[ [il- 
kanaii Cib]]niixn. who took to wife Mjry l^lii^i, 
iLimehUT iif Erasmus IJahhit, Jr.n liiwyer musi- 
cbun ati I Chi|>tain in tht aTrny. Of thismarri.ijn: 
was Iwm CK^irlottc J>jiiiHlLf:i Cu^ninn, in Rieii- 

aaond StHtl, nf?"5(t>n, July ^3, i3t6^ and other diildrjjn. 

C]]arbl[e Cusiiniu]i sipi of heisdfi '^1 wi3 born a rom-boyn" She liad 4 

passion for elijnbing im^^ an([ Eur hre;iki]i^ ojxn dolls' head^ Shci eonld no: 





■te 




Bfltt AitnSTi AND AUTflOkS 

rrnkc JolK clothe^ l>ut she CftuM jflftntif:icturfitlicSr furniture — Muld (fn ftny^hiog 

and siitc^t ^"^ ^'^^^ soci^ln ancl a p^rciit fiivi^ritc with uthi^r chiltlrcti. InilisLLldn 
\x\^:^ a prcvsiiling trtiiL" Thi: Tiene |j1.iv ^h^ ever siw w.is '' Coitolaiuis" wllh XU- 
tn^idy ui rht lHj^<l]ng |>nrt l her ?KX:ot]tl piny was " Tlic G^niL^tiuT." Slit bL:c,i]itc 
Li^Mat i[i litr scIldoI Eot her ^Will m TLiidiug aloud llcr competitors lETLinihirtl t 
" S^> wurniuf ^lic Clin n;a(l ; j^hij goes [Lh the lliratrc ! " \2n\]\ iIluli she lijid hei-ji 
'Ay iiitl reservcJ, nol to =av stujiidr riEsoLiL n.'adinjr iJuud in st:UcnjL nrraiil of the 
sOLinr! of I1UT own voLcu> [tciil utiwillhig Lo trust it; hue au^|iiainlancc witfi the 
Ihi^Alrt: loMcncd htr r^cijiec. ai slit rfcscrih^:^ it, nnri |:t:ivc np]inTtuiiity and rx- 
prc^-iioii to 11 fneullv M'hielj iK-camt: thr lulinj;; i^sis^iipn of J^cr liF^rn M ticmiv. a^ ^ 
chitd^ ihe [tifjk juiTt i» ail opurcLta fouiulcJ uJ^u1l ^hc storj' of " UlucljeriTcl/' nnd 
pia^'eiJ ^elinip (lit lover, wIlIj ^^^^t n]3|}lnu^c:; in u liir_cri: aiiic chatuher o( her 
father's house litErjjc un LnilLn-^i^^^ic iiLnitcnc^ of yoLinir ii^^r-jNl^^n 

Efl^anah Cu^n^an lntJ Jujcii Tlhc ^mi^ yi-ars a ^ucw^^f^il iticrthaiit, a mcntlWf 
ol ihti [ij-ni of Toplilfc & Cushmafl, Long Wh-irf, Jln^hMi. ituL (allure ljtft:ll hlin^ 
■'at[uhiLlabk,''writciClmrlottcCushnun'shiL>j;r^]jher, Miss Kii^hijins *'to t\\\i in- 
fidcliiv of llicty; v. hom lie trusted as sufM;rc;irgcei" The family rcniovt^l from 
Beaton toChnrlL^io^n- Chiirlolti' wa^ pbe^d ni n puhlic school, njmaiiiinj; thert 
until slm w^is rhmcizn only. r,lfcnniih Cushniaii diorcl. k-avini^ Itjs wif!f>w and Lixt; 
diildren with very slL-ndcr means, Mrs^ Cu^^inm opened a i^oiidinf; hou^ in 
IJoston, and ^t|■|l)^M hard to Wnir^l off further nii-^funutie. 1* w-ts Jiscov( rt-d 
[haiCh[irlorLc|ir**i.^«eilaiuihk^^icL*[>f aWrti two n-j^i^Li^ri '' a Ei]lU(]niralEo :inJ 
»Ln^ost a full sopmio; hm thelo^v voic^; was ihL- natural one." iJiu Ic^rtunes of 
^ Inmilv ^en^LiE to rest upon the due cultivnitltpn ijf Charlotte's wit-u =uiJ ujM]n 
h^T future ^^ dsin^trr. "My mother," ^ht-Mvrltt^ ''at ^^leac ?^H-"^enficc gnVL- nitf 
whi^l opportunities for instrucliou shi: eould obLiin forme; nml Lht:n my fathi^r's 
[riend, Mr- 1^. D. Shcpinjrd, of Slic^phL^rd^lown, \'a., ^ve i-nu two vejrs of 
the be-oE tulcurt liaat coidil lur oht.dued in iSo^ton hH that nmu, undi.j" John Pad- 
dwip an English organist and [e^iirr of slnyi]!];." WUl-i^ thu tingii^li sinprrp 
Mrs. Woi><[— ln.^ttLT liinnvn, iiefisnuw, rts Mii3 PiiEnn— ^tsiied IJoiton in iS^i5 or 
1 336, she ne^^Led the stij^iiort nf a eontralto voice, ChnrlotLe Cu^liman ^^isst^nt 
for, and leJu'^iRol dyeBt, with Mrs. \Vood. Tht: you]^^ hL^inntr was rtdvi&cd to 
pcupare hcniLlf tor (hi: ojieratic stage ; she si^s 5L«?urL-J that such a v<^icc Wi^uid 
*'|«d her to ^riy height of fortun^j she covtitdn" She Uct-^me th^- nrtlclt^d pujul 
of Mr- MftcdLr, the husi>:nul of Clar.i i-i-^her, actress and vornljtit, ztnd ihL^ musicaL 
director of Mr- :jnd Mis, ^Voud. InsCnjetcd hy Matdtr^ Mi^ Cu-^linuni inidtr- 
took tlic part-; of the Colmiu^^ in "TIil- Marriage o( Fi[!nro '' and Luuy lleitriiin 
in ihfr 0|>aiiof '^Guy Mannt^iing/' Tlnscuerc her iirist apjitrarancts upon the 

Mr^ Macder's voice w?i?> a contralto 1 it iKearrte flectt^an\ thtrcforc, to as^pt 
WprLitio parrs to Mii=s Cii-*ihman. Undue scre^ w'^ Thus Liid upon ficr up|>er 
noTeq, She WhIs very vaims, and she felt the ehan^ of climHhte wheel she went 
on with the"MaeJi*ns to Nc^"^^ <Jrleana. It [^ tikeli- iJiac her prnvH^ni as a iuij^r 



hati fnicii tried too soon anJ too wvertTi* ; h*:r r-in^ntic career u-is hR^iRht Id a 
^fkkit close. Her voit:c failenJ hen h^r upper i^uti-^ UefKirtHjci, ni^vcr (circtuni; 
5]it Wbis Irft wich p Mcakcnijcl mid limltcJ coiitriltc? rfiri-ntcr. Ali^nntxl :iiid 
WrctchciJ, ?hc sou^l t^^u^^cJl ir( Mr. CalilwcH, clii^ mrnifiKcr of the nU^cS New 
Orlt^ans thcitre. ^* V^on (jughl t^J W' ^n ilclrcss, aiid iioi ^ jJtnger," he RihiJ, and 
ailrinx-Ll her to tnikc k-jyans of Mr- lEarlt^n, his Ici^iJiii^jr Ln^cdi.in, tier iirlitlcj 
u[ ^Pl^rcntiucship to MbicdLt" ivi^n: r^mccHcrl, ,Sooti ilitf w^s rcad^ to ajnpt^ ys 
Uldy MiaclH-'ih un ll^t oijiusioti of ik^noil'? liCilcfit. 

Tkii ^-^.^Kuti 4^rL[l4^Ll^ sUii satkd (or PliD.idcl plica on li^r xvav" to Kevr Vort 
Presenilj' ^ii^ luil L-i^u-rud inLoa fhrtiu yr^r^' <:n^[ii:cmunt with \l^ fhitilMJn^ the 
mana^j^L-r of ilic HmvLty TlKLitrtn llL a Es.iI.il)" oj iw'i;nty-ltvc dollars ^ ^vcck for the 
lir_^[ yc^r, ih]riy-rHi! for tht- si^ooiid yi^ir, juid luny-livc for iliL third. Mr LTacn- 
bltn h.Lri rL-i.4:[ved i-'j-^tiullcnt aecoiEuti^ uf thi: atcLress tcoiii hi5rnr:[]dfc Mr, ISunonf ol 
Kt.^t'Ot"li:iiiSHaii^ h.id hcai"tl htr n^htarK scen*:s ffom " MsclMjtfi/' "^ Jaun.^ Slioro," 
" VcnJCc Prcstincil,^' "Tftt Str-inytr,'* etc. To ciialile her [o o!}taLn a MJJtaliLe 
^^'^trdrohcn he hccLlnii; security for htT with his iriiJtspcoj^tL^ dcductiiL^ fivu^ cfol' 
Jurs z \vtet frnin lxt;r sabr}" until ilicdchi was ^tiiahed. A]\ jjromiwd wtll ^ in*ie- 
pi::tidt:ii[:c sct:inL%l ivcurc at b^t, Mt"s, Ciishiiun w.]^ sum iur rvom lJosLc>rt ; bhe 
gnvc up hfr hy^rf|in_n-ht>ii5i: and itiiMcriLtl to iur iL.LLaL^hk-r, Miss Cti-shir^^ii 
Wntti^ : " 1 goi ii ^itualicin U^v my cldt^it hr^>tliiuT i[] Ji siort: iji J^^c^v York. [ k-fi 
my only sisttr In chninjc of 5^ Jialf-bi^^wr in Uosloji^ and I uiok my yontigt-it 
brurliLT u"iih mfn" lint rlii^uanatic TcVt^r ^t^t^rcd tha: actre^ ■ she tvj^s al>le [o ^ti 
tar ,\ f[i\y n!j,'ht*i ftcily, .^Lid h*.T dr4:iicn of g^^od fort Line cumti to a di^^a^trous clost, 
" "I'tic ISowijry Thcitre w^^ bunK-d to the jirnqncl, ivitfi ;lI] tiiy wardrolJCn all my 
delit ui^oji it^ and mv Llitvo ye^L-^' coritocL enclinj; in smoke." Cinti-ously dts- 
trc^se^l, hut nn^t dislicaticntd, xviifi Jier family dL-|iejident upon her e^^crtions, iahe 
accepted an i^ngngcmt^nr ac tkui prinLiiJnd tliu.Ltre in vXIb^^rty, ;^^herc ^Uc rtnuaintd 
fix'c months, acting ali the Icadtsij i:liaractcra In Si^ptrrntheT, j^jJh she entered 
Into mi i:nLr"-ii.^"ment, which ctadiit^d for three years, with llic inatia^^^jf of tJK 
Phirk Tliratre, Ne\i' Vork. She \fas required IQ fulfil the ^luEie^ of^'w,dfcing 
lnUy "jnd "gcricral utility'' at a salary of t wen ly dollar? a week. 

Dcjfang this jicrfo;! of her carcor she p^:rfn^^ed very niany chart<:ters, nnd 
toili'd js!ii<luoii*ily i^t her profc^-^ion. ll A^^as then ihe cnston) to afford the pub- 
lic a gt^iit Viiriety of pcrforriiancc^f to chan^ the pl.^ys iiiyhtEy^ and to jprt-^au 
two and ^niLtLniL"^ lliree plays tiptm the .^inc evening Thi; ni;tor5 wert fijr- 
ever lut^y sttnlyinj^ new p;^rrs, antl, when they wire not perfoj tiling, :hty were 
rehearsing. *- It i^'.is 1 ticnc of bard w^ork," xvritrt Mira Sichbinq. " of cc-isele?g 
DLllvity, and of hard-^von at\it scantily qcretjtded apjJreclrtlion." Miss Cu-^liman 
had no choice of parts; ^le w^mtoi [he chk-f actreSi of the company; -^ihc ^us- 
taineil witEiout qne^tiou all liie ch:tr:LGtcrir the manajrcnicrtl as"*^^i'd lo hcr_ Her 
Bpijenrance as Mvg Merrilies i^^shc accjuifcd ^subsequently ^^vmai /:iv"or by her ]her- 
fcjrni-^ni^e of this chancier) wa^ due to an incident — the illn^-^ of Mre, Chipiien- 
dale, the ftclrws who nsnrtlli' supj^orted the parL It wa^ tti the yc^ir iS.ys; the 
pcter^n llmluni w\is to .^|>peir 3s lleury l*ertnini. A Mu^ Mcrrilie^ had to be 




J 



** ^^' 



ara ARTISTS AND A^Tl-lOltS 

tnipravificd. The ffliwure " iilitity " actrHs wn^ otllud iipitn in Lik^ Mrs. Chipi 
pc^nd^Llc's pl^ict She mi^ht r^^d ihc p;lrt if she ctmkl not uomnut it to nic]imry 
hilt pcriOiiniie M.cg ih[L'rrili<;5 ;ifter somt soil sh^; niiu=t She li^tl nc^cr cspc- 

chllv^ nolkcJ i-lfc--- |>""fcrt; Ijui as she t^Ioocf ;it Iht: sirit; seeing hook ic^ linnd, aAN':iiring 
her Tflanic;rt^ of cEiiniirc, her car c^ittyht. Ihc djulugui^ i;*^"^^ ^^^ upun tlit: Mngc 
b<;tivt^ii twooi tltt;5}fi:^iL'Sp *'cortvtjinjt lln; irnpri-TaitOrt thsit Meg wss-^ no k^nger 
10 lii; feared or rc:j|H?cLcd — Ihlt shf ti-,-\^ nw tocijTcr in lii^r rl^'f^t miiMln^ T|ii:j fui* 
rtislacd her with a t;l^^^v 10 tht uh^iintCL-r, :int[ Ivd her w piTM.-ul it upon Eia^; ^[j(ic 
a^ the ^viMfd Hind sEfirtUug U^mc whidl ^ucn^'^r*! beaiuic so famous. Of course, 
Itit fii'-L ]>ci(orma3iC<; nu^ Lmi ;t sketch of her htter ponray^ls of Mc^,^ ML-mlira, 
yet 5ke madi; a prftfonod iiuprt-^ioc!- '^ I h.id not [hou^lit ih^l I hud dono 
DiiythEiig ix-mjtrkaljk," i?hc; wrocc, " untl wKl-ei :t kntHil: (_:jnic; jt[ iny ilr*!^in);-n>cini 
tloi:r, flild I hcnicd Br.iham's voke^ my firic thou-^Jjt w-i^ *Noi\" wlut h^^e I 
dortc; ^ U-^ Is suruSy Jisiik^^ksed willi Jiie ibout soin<jthinij/ Imagiite my pr-itirt' 
cfitiou, it'fiL'rt Mfn BnihDit^ said, ■ Mi5s Cu^hmaii^ I h^\'<: come to lliank you fof 
thjj in^t ^'Lfil^iliti; s^n5]XtEOLi [ IijIvu esEHTiunccd (or n loii^^ time. I gi™ you my 
U"^3]■d, ^t'lii:!! I siw you iLi th^iL fii^t scciui I (tit a cold chill lun all Ovc;r ]iiet 
Wht^rc hiive vou L^nit^d ro do aii^thiii?^ like that ?* " 

During her visits to l^nylaiid^ Miss Ciishmnn pcrsfpnalcd Mcij MciHUcs more 
orrcn ihm riity other eh^iroclcr. In j^mcric^i sihe U'n^ ;t^o 'i^mou^ for ha fj^^r- 
fdcii^.iLicu of Nancy^ jn a mulodr^imzi fcucnckd xii>f]]i " Olii'cr Tivlst ;'^ Isut clai^ 
prt sItL- dij not tiring -^'[(K hofrtcios^ ciic Athniic^ She h^d f^rst |>Uycd N.iiK-y 
during hi.r " gtncr.il utility " cLiys nc the Park ^Ihcitfc, wi]*!]^ Liac L-Licryy and 
p.iilios uf iiei acting poAvcrfuhy :sircCEt^l hc:r ,iudit[icc, and th^? cmriiEion oJ Itcrf 
success ]n the |},irt long ''Una^rud In rht: mi^nifjfv of manjtjLics, and caused th^;m^ 
evcrr and anoiip as ti]cir buiincss inttrtits proj-niaied, zo hrtng gr^:at |>rKsur£; to 
bear upon htr for a rejirf^dutliun i^i itn" Mr_ Gt^oryL^ VandtnliolY <lt:scrihcs 
Kiiicy His ^Jiffi Cu^inlJLi'^ ''^fculcbc p3rt ; ftarfutJy naturj], djcadfuHy iutuns^ 
horribly rt^d-** ... 

In tl]L* ^I'tntct" of 1^4? Mr5s CusKman undcrtoot the mnnngcmcul ofthc Wnil- 
iiiil Sirctc Tiicritrcn l^iulLtdulphia, ^^liich ^vas tiscii in rnHher a fjlli^u -^i^itc. (■mjcr 
hcfencjjictie ru\^ hoxvavcry tfte cstuhiishmml rt:c^i'ej-i^d its ]>ujinl.irity. " S'lC di-^ 
ptnyed jiL [hat dav/' writL^ Mr, George VandcnhofI— who "starrtjd at ihc Walnut 
Sncec Tht.iifL- (or siv Higfits to smolJ atidienc^s" — '^a rude, siconj^^ uncuhivattd 
lafi^cn- ll iv.i^ ]iot till aftirr she liad s^:en jind ^cted wirh Mr Macrt^ady— ivlnub 
shi^did J-!ic^ next iXMson—thnl she r4.jl!y hrou-^^ht nitistic study and linish to hiu^ 
[;erformaticc-i" Macre^ifty arri^'od in Ni^iv York in tiiti sutunin uf ifij^r Nc 
{HHc^j "TKtr MlvsCuT^bn^nnp ^h^ho :n:ted I^tdy Macbeth, interested mc ninth, She 
ba.s (ole.hrn her tirt, but she ^licix^'txl inhitl ^nd s^^nl|>arhy ivith rtie-^l tiovdty so 
rfifreshiii^ lo me OJi ihe sEUKi^-" She ditcemtid lluj oiifiortunltj' for study aitd 
ImpLovcmL-nt presented hi' \(,icrcidy's visit, and undcr^^'enl iht fjtt^ice of aeLinc 
qiT -iltemnite nighrs Sn rhilidtlphia and N"e^v York during the term of hi5 en- 
ffii;enlcnt nt the ?:irk Tlu^-itrc, IKr ovn Miete^^ ii'n"^ very pre.it. She wrote lo 
bcr mother af hcrgi-efll ftccpiion: of her ln:hig cdlud out iiftur iht pl^y : of the 



CHARLOTTE CI'-^HMAM 

**h&ts Slid IttmlktTchitrs wiiiitl [fi nie^ flowery sent to jflC," clc. In OLi^J^lL■^^ 
tS|4, ^ic: ^[|dJ for En|;]imd lii rliL' [i.LL^I^i^L-^^hlp GiLrnii1:H ^hc luJ ][i\\ii ninrhcy 
willi litr. _V fjL't:v^'o]l iMjinrfit tnilicii ill BostoHr li^^r luilut city^ bad nut |>ro^^*id 
V4=rr |>ri:Hlui:[h'dri niid >!ic Ik^cL been obliged ''to Tn;tkc; ^tiFCin;^'0]iitnLs foi' tlio main- 
lennncic of her fniniiiy durinR hci" nbstnct" -\nil with ch^niutcrlstic pnifloncc 
she kfL iHihiiid fttT ^i cutt^iti] :iacn, tv be iti rc^^idinc^ lor hcPp in cast: fajturc in 
En!>i^LiiI slioLfitl tlri^x her pron^iiUy lisitk to Atn^^rira* 

!No tng^i^^nienc id IhOchI[iii Iwi l>L-eci offtred Iter ; but ,^hc rccclvcdn u]ioo 
her arrival, a [c-tti^r frotu Mjicrcrjdy, jmNjui^hij; Ch-^t lilic should jtiin a coiii]>any 
ihm buiffcsj fprmiid io yivo tizpivi^i^iujiltjni m i'^\\^ Slic LhcKi^ht it iimdi-ni 
t<j dei;linc tliP"^ proj^^ili however^ ^o as to avtiicl <:iiLL^Kiri|; jnly anvlhint; lifcc 
nvsxtry with Mk^ Ikl^ii Faucttd thii loading acirLrw of Uie iroupe SUt vf^UccI 
Paris for ^ (ew ^^y\ but only to ^it ivith tlit iaLidk-L^tc ol the Ih^-^e t-r4^]id> the* 
atrtji- She returnuJ to htr dull ludj^^in^^is in Ctn^'iit G^rdun, '^siiiMliiint her ilzi^ 
linv_" She XV AS fun<L in afiur ycaa^ of referring lu thQ;silrLij.'ylus and iiux'ert^-, iht; 
ho;^s :ind tlii^ iltspair^of licr lirsr sojourn in Lon^lon. 1 Jcr incans w^cnj iie-arly tx- 
h;lii-ntf^d. S.dh', the dfL^^T^ u^cd to rcilate : ^Mi^ Cushrn.in li^'i^d on n inucion- 
Zhap 3 Jjiy^ :itKL I [ihv^y-r bou^lit the E^iiker^s rlo^nii of ]niilTiii> ior ih^ ^^kc t^f the 
^AirA onef Lind wc site tlium aJI, no mntter liow st^ile tii-^y \VFfi.\ liittl xxx never suf- 
fered from xvani of nj^pecjtc in tlioHU iLiys.^' She found Jier^clf reduced to her 
]a±;L so^^trei^p wi]i.^n Mr. MiiddoH, the ntimnger of the Priiici-^Vs Theatre, e-inie 
lo her with n pro|>oEsilr Thi: xvilciifui Silly rej^nriej thnt hc^ h;id been w:iltina 
it;j ;ind tlo\rn ifie Street for soiifle tinte ettrly iil ibe mnmiii^. foo esxrly for s x'i^t. 
"lie i^ an^iiouSp" Sstid Mh> Cushm^in, "I eun ri].ili.e i\\y oivn lerms*^' lie 
wished her Co appe^ir With Forrest, the Ami-ricin ini^t^lan, ilien vi-iicirtp ilic 
London EtniRe for tile ,«anid ?ind Ifl-^ ttme. Slit siipuLiLed (hit she -ihwld h^Ji^^ 
her Oj^port unity Hfit, acid " tilone." If succcssfulp -slkc was willing to ap|feir in 
5U|>port of h'ftrre^t- So U x^^iti ^i^reeJn 

Her ftfTit Eiplie.cranuc upon the En=;lifih stap; was madi3 on Feliruar^" 14, jS+j j 
^ie ns?iianii^^l lltu eliaiaetL^r of Biane-di^ in Dcjan Milnian's ratlier dutl tra^^^dy ol 
■^ FniKto-" Her tt"3u]n|jli wi-^ iiiiJis|Jiital]lc. [ Jer intenslcy and vchemunct com- 
pkteK' ear] Lutl axviy tlic lioust As the pit rose nt lv^-in''5 Shyloekp so it ro-^e ^t 
Ch^trlotte Cashiniiu's ItiancLii She wrote to Iter moLher in America: "^ j\ll itiy 
sutei:ffl put toi^^eilien sinee I hax'e lnjetl tap(>n the stiigk", wonli! not conic ntar my 
sucClis^^ in Lonilon.'* The erities described, rti the ero^^'ninjj ejTort of her pw- 
fonnjncc, the energy' nn^l paEhos and nbflrtdonmriH of her appc-i1 to AUtnbcrlhp 
M'ht^n the ivife saeriftefr?> Iilt j]r[di.\ an^I sink^, ^^hutldled inio n hi^-^jf," -H iln: (ect 
of her ri^'al. iin|httjrinH her to ^i^e thi7 life of l^-iKio_ Mi^w CtJ-^ltmanp s|h.':ikLng 
of her first purforniAnct \^ Lo^^don, wa^ wf>nl w r^l^te ho^r she was so tonj* 
pleCL'ly ovtruome. not only bv chc e"<eitL-ment of thL* scenu, hut Uy the nrrvou:^ 
agit.iiion of the: oue.i^lou, that .^he lo^t fh>r the monn^nt fier sclf-comniand^ and 
wa^i e5puej:illy i^nneful for lh<j louj^^cominued appFinsO whieh Ri\y<: her lime to 
jtco^'cr her^lf^ Wht^n she slowly rosrf ar \\^?i and faced (he lit^u'^e ajjain, the 
^c^taele of \v\ enthi^si'lsm ihrill^.d and im|iri:sMrd her in a manner 'ihe i:ouLd never 



1^ 



■f. 



ARTISTS AND AUTEIORS 

forgoL The ^uriiencc wpn; sL^inrLing ; somt: hnil i-nt»iiiucJ on the l>cnc]i«s ; there 
irsLs wtid waving uf htxl& antf handkerchief^ a storm uf chetriiig^ j^^fL^ot i^li&wtritig 
of bouquets. 

lkTie4:ond chiifflctcr In I-onclou ^rus T^ndy MacljctI], to the Macheth of Ed- 
wi[i Furriist ; Jtut the Aifleiicrin attor f^ili^J n» pNjviw, lLeiiT <ltL^ nmlknce ^v^ jrcc 
CMprc^ion to tlieir ihst nnttrit. GK.\i\y tli^u-ilcd, l-rimsa wichdrtw^ ^It^lmling 
hin^sclf with the Inlief ikdt he wiis the victim of n cfinsjMr.icyn MiiS Cu^hrnAfi's 
auwrcfiT knci-F- eicp .iLiLttt^^Nicni. Sht- \^}Qycii :t round t^f parL*i. siviJitni h^ Jiines 
WTillilck, LL-ii;li Murray, .i]^d Mnt Sl-trliiig, is|Jih."^nnp uow -is l^os^Oinfl^ iu>w .lii 
Jxdiiimi in "The lionet moon/' as Mr^. il.ilkr, u;; Ikiitnce, ti^ JulJu in "Tlit 
tjunchkici:/' IJl^/ secfflid je.]<i[>ji wa-v i;v<;n mor4: ^ut:tt>^fuf rh.m her lir>r. After 
3 lm>R prov[iicijl tour t^hc; -i|>|n.-?iFeJ in Decemlpcr, t'i.j^, ins Kurnt-o ^it thu ilav* 
m.irlrtc Thcutrc, llioji LuiJer tiie nmnjgcmt^iit of Mr. WtfU^vt, her sLstcr Susan 
B^^LLminEiliLTcharacLtr of Juliet, iht had ^iit for JiL-r f.njjilv lu^ha^c iier pros- 
pcrity, nnd l>nd e^tablislunl rluiii in \x furnishccl hou^ ^l l4ay>^vnt<T. 

Hc:r !^nccc5s a^ Rmin-Lh iva- very Hrt-atr TlkL* rvLij^cdy ^i'lts plaved for cljjhty 
riichl-^ Uvr pcrfonnauijc woli rtppUtiSe tiVMi frfjin iIioj^l titnsi njijio-^J ui rlnf 
t€^|3Ti^^-in.nitin of Sl]akespc:nn:'s hL:r<i Uv i\. ^vomaii Foe li rimi? iiur intense c\tr- 
tn'Hiin T^ of Tq]i;tch and ini^riner, [he ims^iuh <h" Jicr inttf^'it-w^^ ^vith Jiilietn ihi; (ury 
oi iter i^^TEni>aC with Tvh^ilt, tin; tlL-^juir of ht-r closing SL-^nes^ l>orc down \\i] yjijHi- 
siiicm, ^ileiieed t;ntit.i^rn. jiid uxciled liur audifiieti to an exii^ordinary dtjiret. 
feiii^ :tppenred ^fiirrwstrd, Ijut i]i:n tn Liindon, \^^ it;^inli.-t, iullo^^-iny; £in unforiu-^ 

TiLUL e:>j^ux|>le;]CL by Mfi St Jdoi^g ; ofld ;ts lun in TalloLii-dV tragc<ly ol thil 
njinf?. 

In Ainerici loh^'urd ihtr j:1oshj of ht^r eareur, she rv^ny venEtirctI 10 Appear na 
Cardinal Wi^lsey, cjluatnjnjir trrt.ir ^pf^iausv ijy iwr Jj.vtrnion'* tn the chisrpttcr. and 
tliL sktlL and fortiu ol iii;r Iiti personation. Uiit lij^triimac feais u( tj^i^ kind ricf>' 
puss ng^tinibt yood iji^ti^, dn vicilcnvc To iK^ intL^urioni^ uf the dr.! in.it ihi\ and arc^ 
in tnitiin dcjMicnct'S fr-uni ilic piirposr tnf pl^vlny, Mi^s CuHhm.in h^d for ex- 
cusi — in iht^ lij"^ tijstancc?, :it Hnv ],«■;— her anxiciy to fonvard tfke prof^-ssion^ 
]nt*;n"'-t-i of h^-r il>ii!r^ ivh^, in tiuth, h.id lltLle c|u.LljriciitLon f*sr the sfajje.-ijMn 
ffdni liLT L^uM.t iLiui.'^ iulI her ^^aiTt^ of inaimern Tbe ^I'^tc^r^ had plavt-d toHi^ther 
in -PhLl-uleJiiliJa ui "The Genoese "—*4 drama written Ijy n VDitnj; Anieri4:.in— 
ivhen, [D^i^csiippf>rtand en^L^>LJ^I[;tnnnt to ^ii^m irihcr |ierwmxrion of the hero- 
ine, CimrtoLtL- uiuktKnik ifie ]ijrc ^yI her lovcF. TUfh ?ut:eL^s proinpt^-d them to 
appear hi "l^unKo ^ipid Jidivt." ^Irher pl;i_L^, in Avhieh \\t.^ih eoLikt :^ppi-nrH were 
flfterWsird =K3ecti:d— ^uthn (ur inxt.iLict:, j^ "Tweffth Nl^liir in wli^cli Cllalh^Lte 
played \'ii3la lo iKe Olivia of Sit^-in— w thjc ih4: cnpj^^ment of one ini;rh( com* 
jKrl theen^NiL^L-meEit uf [he chrim-. Susjna, hcnvcrvcrrH quirrcfl thc-^Liij^ In ?S4r. to 
hcconiHH the wife tjf Ur, Shindan Mn^j^Mtt. o< IJvtT|HMjl. 

Climlutte Cuiilnn.in tiilkd £cw nttv plays min hciny. Dramas, Hinititled "lu- 
rniLniiionp" by James Kennyp in ibji. und ^ Dtit.hciH Eff w«r/ by the Jate IL R 
Chorlc;^, in ifl;4, ^-crt- produced for lur, but xvcrc^ sui7 warily cf^ndemnal by the 
auduncc, being scar<Mly p^miillud indctid :l second pcrionntmee in vithcr caw^ 




.1 



^-^ 



r^HARLDTTE CLfSrifUN A9 VR3 HALLEq. 



L 



lb V J 



CllAKLOTIIv CUSHMAtl m 

Olhcnv!si-\ *i1ii^ rfid iint .elIiI lo htr rc|h:ticiTy, f^ot many yc^rs ^lic Ird rlti^ IUl f^f 
a "sLir." fuiniliiiK brief trngn-icrni^Lits ]\i'\-<i jiycI tIiwl-, ;ip]iL^JrEnEnc]w Ecr ^i i^vm m 
I^^iitlcjch^ :tn^ ]ic>^^- travc;]|]tiK lltrousli the pwivma.'^, jjjnying ^n>t? half da^i^ 
ch[rnictcr5 over nnd ox'cr ngnin. CIT rhcse L.uly MaclclJ], ^uLC]k K]ilhc-Tinc_ 
anil M'"K MirrJlic^ %vcn; [aurli^p^ ihu mcist rn^quently dL-tiumli^d Ih-r firnt 
uncj (c>rtun4: =?hL- jikiMi-^ tjj^lcit frtjm [lar innsu'UihUt; fL-Hjo^rtiicioii sIhj tilLaitiLiJ ujjcjji 
hfli" fiT-m |ll!r^t]rpnal>t.^; m iHuntUsn- ISm s5k nftidc trt^uciit visiis (o j\]iitrriHLa ; h^ 
cltt^fl. she cr(»s?cfi ihc ^\tlnilic- "i]|T^^'iirU of f^JMccii timtSfc" sj^^s bur tiiu^i^i-iii^hi^f- 
111 1S5+ \hi: TOuk 4i l]qu-i<^ ill Uiikoii Kl^NV, Mavfair, '*wbcr^ for £omu y^are lihc 
iii-|-L'i.-"il llic iriu*.t churiiiiii^ iind y^-ninL liyspEinlity/' and, iiolably, unt^'rLaliiccc 
kl-LC'ii on ln-r rti^ i^l-^li i^n iLn^L^iHl in [i^fj. SE;Vtr3l ^^"i[itc]"i she passed In 
KmiK, ln.ulli^v■i^^r :h|)jrLiii£:n|^ in |lhc Vin (.ifcji^t¥v\AT]A, wliuFc shc ccp^diiHy rcQ^iitd 
a lH3st of frti^LiiLsniHl vlsiror^ &f :jl| ii:LElotas\ Ifi iff5g fihu wa,^ea]kd Ed Engkfid 
hy her siSEOf^s fsLLiil fHiicss; In ]Sb6 <lIli^ w^i"^ z^rAin MJnlnicjjic^^L i4j Ijingland to it- 
lend rhc ri^r^Lth-lseJ (^f htr luolfktrr Iei i860 ^lit w^^ plnvinj; in ^itl (l]c t:hi^^f cilies 
of AriHTiuLt. Tlnrtj y*.^:jKs LiCi^r s!ic again vi-^iicd Aitktjh, htT cliic:f otjiKt l>cing 
t^] Hicl Eur thi: ]^t:]tt^nT. of itw. S.inltniy CLTnihiLs-^mn, ;qnc| aid tht Mck nnd Sv^MindccI 
victimi'of the civil ^var DurJiig ilit LitL' yLiir^ of hL^r lift ^la*^ ri[]j>CH"in^(1 litfwft 
[Ik piiUHv niorc fl"^ II ^rrFiin.aic n-i\ilcr ilisn ns £in ^L-^rt^ss. Tlit^ii^ \\^^i<^ !oai^ int^r* 
vili bt^ciVL^n livr iJii^utriciil ni^iiiajtrtnt'tits 1 she -^H^crticd |r] t[uir h^r prQrc=4iio[j only 
to Tcrum Itt it afUT ;hl] inl^TVJll willl fc^llc^Vtd Eip^cElflc, ind ^hn itiCurn-d ^^J- 
pro^ichtJS btc-JUsc of [In; fre^iucncy of litr r,n"H.^wll^ slihI iIil- doubL irtLil pi>^i--^iM 
as to \^'ffcetlacr liLT "lii^l a(]]jt,iranccs" kw'tc mdly to Ih: ihc " very lsa_" It ^^'-^ 
flof until ja7j, 1iQuxi\r, Eh^tt :^h^ thiols liȣLl k-i]%-c of thn Niiiv^ Wnk ^liHC, 
aniiJ cj(tr-jt>rditinry LtubuiiL^sin, witli nininy pui;iit nrnJ ^Fihtf ccn [injiiit-i. :^lit 
WM tlic sulijdcr of nJditwc^i in pn>sc ftrtil VCi>v. Mr livyjurH Lifu-r m clo- 
qucnt spceil], remdizrul litr n liiur*:! h^rLJili lifiund ^liilt ^^liitt ril>b&n resiitiE uf^^n 
n purple^ velvet cushion^ ivith ti ^[[\i-AhW \^\\^^^\y\.iL^lt t-Enbroidcrvd 1^^ l---' !■ it |i iti 1^. 
a lorcbbtstrur^' proufiiioti c^^LorlL-d bur iunn iHl' ilicqcr^* to lii^r hukl ; .-lu- i^Ms 
^Tcrta^ictl i^l: mitbiit^htn Jnd m htt bachr^r l^'ifth Av^-nuE; lihi^cd wjib Jlrcwarks^ 
AfRr this c^mc fnrcivt:!!^ to PhihiciL-lphi^i, ItoKlon a]id oilier cilk^n =^n^L lo Ehc.'v 
EUCCL-cdi;^ rcadiEifiii all over the i:oiititty. iL i=; lo iMi ^id, ho^^'cVL-r, tliat incc:^in. 
wotV land ht^omc a ntiLtssily ^vilh huff not becjust of It^ petiEiilary fciiult?, buf aa 
a niu^m^ of obi^iining nic:nt;t1 rcLii^f or i:oni|>di3utLve for^Mzlfult^^^^ t^t a ?it:^^<]n, 
Dtirirtj; iht IftSt fiS'c or s3?{ ye^irs of her lift- siii^ wm jfllktLd ivith .m ifacunil^lc 
and ^gaiiiH^ln^ nuhidy. Un^ltrr mtwt pninful 4:otidiLion^ shu tnift'il utici^siffn^ly. 
nicwbijT rapa^lly fmm plucc to pljc-_\ atid ]>issing duys and tiipihts in tjilwQy jour- 
nty^ h\ ^ liiiii't ui ^ frit-ndn she writL^ : *^ J cJo pzl ^0 dreadfully <lepic3sed 
about jny*ffilf, ^nd ntl Ehing:? sctm sf> hopeless to mc 31 tliopt timc:s> rhat 1 paity 
God to take nif i|Likkly at any m^^nitnt, so rbat 1 Ffiiy not torture \htn^ I love 
by letting: iheni ^nt: my pjin_ Rut ^v^^i;T^ thi- diuk bout paEc*^^ and I try 10 for- 
gc:[ by const:inr DC4:tj|ha[ioii tli:iL 1 biivL mluIi j kh;td lai^^r my fie^rr, ihcn h is 
flOC Mj Iwid." ^liu {bird altruist p.iTnlLi;sly at Iji^t on rt^bni.iry tS, JS76- 

Ch=trlati^ Ciishman nuy n'-^iacdLv bu stuoi^itnt^jiJ i^ti autre^s of ^nius ici TigM 



^' 



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>^ 



B62 AKTISIS AND AUTHOlii 

of licr ofisinnilily, tier vfvul ]NtTwt;r cf tk]>ictinp ^inolion, (lie? vcrheintnc*^ and in- 
tL'n^ity oi htr l»^riicnii<: ni^iiincr. Ikr bc;til Siiccts^ts wx'n^ obi^iiioU in inyudy. 
alilimiL^li iJic ]>o?.^c:^^c(l -1 k4."t:n Scrt^^c t^f huiiior, an<l coui^l tJtlix'LT cli*; witty 
?[?ttcht.s iif f^t^^ilui^l t>r 0( Ucdlrl^ wiiti i^MivUcnt \\i.mi ^inJ cJTLtL I k-r Meg 

ii^-^ rtally, hT^ ^Itt." |flajL<l It, a i^l>]iritier of U<:r own hu'L-ntiuii ^ ImL in irtiih^ ai. 
M^L-d hc^r iiiuHL-tlU-il h^-^JUflcs Tlr li;-s> UieLA hct llMHtj, kr Qut^-^a^ KnlheiJtlC, Oi 
||L-r Lady jM:hL;bL'Lh. Ut^r jThyiii;^!! itLLLhUariLic-^ tttv iluubt IJmittLl tlit^ r^ngc c^fhcf 
clTorb^ hiiick'i'^iL li^^v itlv^n^c^ m jm ^tc^lrt^ or uig^i^tl hci' LfN^vnrcl L-\L:4:pti4jM^il im- 

Ln p^hiwi'to ^ir :ia uLLcltLnci:, Lu Eliu^Il lIkit ^yin|^.ithiv^, u* U\t\i\\^^ Lbit^tri^nl-liuTii^t'^ni, 
nntL h> Hjotnpcl Lheii' n]i|r[LiL[si:p shu Liki.^ nnk lunon^ thn^ fhiiL:^t plsijci^ It uuly 
u:j»iLins Cq> adJ iIiliE Mi^^ Sttbbins' k^jTiil tiiut LilTt^iJliiij^^ bio;jr^pliy of her frit^nd 
^[iii4nibly d^mon-sti 11L05 Ehnit thi= wom.iti wm n^ic 1t^s 4^^LJin;hlHk' t4i:ni Lii4] ai^rri."^ ; 
that CiinrltlJLLc CushLlino ivh1^ e>E nol^Lc ulinrLKUTp in[cnixtM3J4 LiriE^: niul ti^nJc^ 
hcurtcd, of cJJtmpliiTy ciinJiLct in cti'ciry tcflj^mtr. Tlis stnTjhJUp clin-iut tririii^stiitJS 
of hrr rn^hniiHjr u|)^tn tbu Tnimic sccnt^n i^liiirat(<;rj^t.^E lior |>nK:(Tiliiigs ]ti n.Ml lift 
She v^^t5 rtt onut tilt sl^i^'t an^I Ihc ln^uL^EiitErci^s of her fniinily i Jic wLii dcvcutidly 
ft^riil u[ thjhiicn ; she xv^i*; u( Hlicnil siiul guniTTP^*! n.iunc l sJic^vai 1iap|>int whtn 
Confj^irinR kindiU'ss U\nm othi:ni; h*^i i:^i>^LT ftljound^^d in ptlf-sicrifitx:. Slic ]ir*;- 
tt^d^,^E to kw^ LiccuanpliiJtnu^nt^. kj litil*^ tnUiiMTioii of a IUtr»iry i^rl; but ^lic 
conid wHu^ at- Ml^^ Sicbbin^ iirtp^'es^ c^iitllccit k-ii*:«, noh^" ^]:i^'*:, ntj^v K^Ay. i^w 
rcfktnivfi no^v ilt.^n|>tEVc:, ;il%vi>^ iniert^tini^^ jiid altogi^tliLt" t"t]m:irki*blt Toe 
SoLint! S£:rt!ic ;ind Tor fiuvu anJ >kill of t^Kpr4.'ii-ion. Elcr dejth wjs rt^jy^rdt^d jn 
Atnuri<;a :fcliiao-^L .Si; ^ Hjiliun-d catiriiroplni. As Miss St"iu^b!>bi'v wt'cius, '^Tlit prt&s 
of i]\^ entire count ay bofc wiLrn^^ Lo b^^r grcatnoasn and l:iid lliLi: tributes upoa 
her tomb.'' 



Tht fotlowin^r kucr df fjoocl Kiun^cl TfOni Mis.-^ Cyshmafl us vf^uiiGr Mn B;ir- 
lon is rcpHnlcd, by pcrmiji^iion oE Mc^^is, lloughLon, MlUlin & Ct>-, tinin ih< 
** Life ^nd L<:llcn> of CIiilIoCIo Uusbcnnu" 

^'I Llabik if yuu h^vc Eo iiMJt f*5r n ^^'liile Tt w]II do you no hanii. Voti gecm 
(0 me f|Li]tc Er^mtic fur irnnic^ili^iLe ivork ^ but ic!^ch your^lf quiet stud rupo^L' in 
tht: Lijiiu yotj jrc n-jbitig. VVitb lialf your slrtjiigib I ccnilJ bt:;tr to wait and 
hLorivlili inysLdf to concjtturyrr/i'iw^^ The grL^ttM pOn^T in ihc ^vfsrld es sliown 
jn coj^r^ue-^C o^TTSLiir More life wiW he ^\"ork<^ out ciaf you by frttling" thnii all 
tliL^ si5t;;4:-|?hty3ci;; in iIll- \y'or\± Ckid bkss y^u, my |)oor child. Von his-t in- 
dtit^ trouble et^oug;h j btit you brtvt a rJioii^^ ,ind t^^irr^^ sjjiril, and ^^^nu hux^t tlw 
true r4:li;£:ion of hibor ]n your htnrL Thcaxforc I h^vt; no ft^nT^ Inr yoi: It^t what 
wifl come. I^t nic liear fr^^m ytju :tt yowr ItiiitirtH and be sure you ItLiv*; ttn 
vroimu Iiicntl than I am and wi&b to bu/' . . 



RACHEL 



RACHEL 

BV UtrtlO^ C^»K 



IT is told thpt Rathci r*!]i:i ii-js 

Mui]f, ]ii:ur the toivti DrA:tnhu, in 

IslihL ; ii\i2 liurjj^tnasLr^r of lItl^ dis^ 
Irict sjinply ncKiu^^ in lii-^ books 
thut up^m iIlc liiiy bt Jtirdn nit the Itl* 
tic vllLijre jiin^ iliJi w\h' o[ fl pc]<jr 
pE:i(]Hjr hj<l j;ivcn birtli lo a fcmnlc 
rijiid. Tht cnriy inclucl^cl no nicn- 
tion of Inimilv^ nnnit, Or Tt:lif!ion, 
and ofhurwiw (h*^ tvrnt wil^ nLat 
rrj;i5lcn;cl jn rtny dvil oi" rcJiyicms 
[CCOni. The f:Hin-T Jcitl ]ii(KiiL-r 
w^vic Alkralinni Ftlis, a Jew, Iw^rn 
:"--'w|^ '*v in^ifHjta, but of rt^-ruinin uri,^^^ i*ncl 
^il^^ ^ Esther [fHiyn. lii^ wfcfr, Thcj' had 
rninJercil .ilnmt jIil iaimncnl dur- 
iitg nt«nv yc:iri^, M^^klniL: a livirtg 

cbiUtrtn wcTu liorii to ihciu by ilie 
WM^ shL^. as it vt'erCj on their four- 
flryirtes hilhcr nnd Eliither: Sritufi in Gcrtn.mv, RilicutM m Lyons, Dinah in 
t^rl^ R^^Lcbcl Hi S^vit^ecli^iiJ ; jnrJ ch^^re were utlin^r iiifiints ^vlao did not lun^ sur- 
vive ihcir hirtlif sucounibinie: to tin/ .tustcrities of lln^ state of lite to vvJiich tinjy 
haJ biu^n c:illcfL For a Liint.\ pLrhajK^ ^t.■cause of tliLiir niii]i^"^oL[s pi"ogeny, M. 
and Ma^lamc F(:\\k sc:LE]i.'d in L^'ons. MadamE ]>]jk ojk'iic^I ^l smnill sliop ;ind 
dt.^lr in sccontl-hand c^lothc^ ; M. Fclis p^ftvc lessons in Gcnnan fo tht^ very fcv^ 
|>itpFls IhC tould obrnin. About iS^o [hir faintly moved lo Paris, They ^vtrre 
still cniserably poor. The children Sarnh and l^chrL usually tirijisig n ^an:iller 
chiU in T-heir nrrns nr iThcflltn5 it with 4 hem in a wnntlcn curt, ^^^crc ^nt intu ihe 
strttts to t:am trtoii4;y hy sinniuR at tfie doors of caf^s and cstnmincct A musi- 
cal amaitur, oaic Mh Miarin, noticed the pirls, t^uestlftried theciu iniercstcd bini- 
Etlf Hibi^ut tb^m^ iind HnEiLh' obralnL;cL tbcir adnii'^u^n Into the (i[>vernniL!nt School 
of SacrEjil Music in thu kiiL- V:iUg]r:ird. U^hef^ v\^\iio did not prrhmisii much, 
howei'cr; as she ciinf^isud, she coubl not siii^^ — die could only recite. She Inid 
TccLitved but the ^anttcst aiid nic;inesc ediicatiot^ i &hc rcfid with <Liniculty : she 




304 ARTISTS AND AUTHUliS 

wa^ TcatrtiinR hmicif ^^'riiln^' l>^' topving the mftnii^ript ol others. PrL^st^citlv she 
Wtt^ stklilyiFi)^ r-LLH^ucicin tniJiT \i. ^L .Aulsiire, nii o1il nctor rclirtrJ from ihe Frjih- 
^is, wl^u tvok |>:h]rks ii^iili llic clTJId, iiii}tn]i:tin]^ ht^r |;rj^txiitoiis]y mid c-jlliiig htt 
" nu ptilite ilJublcjs^:/' 1'ht; jjurformanct^s of M. Sl Ayliiirc's ]>t]|Til wtte tiLf.-i- 

siij:h1Iv ^\^itiiu?si;(1 by the e&tnibli^hijd phycns iTn<jns: tlitin Mon^vil of tht Gym^ 
iij.^^ jiLii .S[Lni:»ii uf rliL! Coi]iCfciic. TLloiiv^^f upj^rovc^l fin^l ciiL:<»Nra^il ihc^ yaucig 
ac^trtTiW, Atid u|]OLi the rtcoiilTni:nc!ulioii oE Sam^r>n sin; triten^J th^: t;lii?5^s o[ the 
Luii^crv'jUoirep over wlitch fiC prcsiJctl, w[il> Miuli^rioc ^nr! L'revost eis his co 

;\l lIiu Coiia^mtolfe R^ichel miHlt; link prr^t::?^. All livr ctForts fnik-fl tc 
win ifst: -^ixjJ ogiiuion of titr jjreenjjjtors. In dt:^|>Hiir she n^nlic^l to ah^ndon 
alLo^elliL*! the iiistituttQiiH its classes rxiid purfominni^es. Shcfdt lit^nitlf utigrktlcdp 
iij^^^Triu^tid, insLfltcd "Tarhiirc" h^nJ Ikch LinnoLEuc^^l f^f rcjjreit^iitatinn by ihc 
pLijilU^ she hnd licrn iisagnc^l the mute [Mit of Fli|Hi|t^, ilii^ ^-rviisg-trt-i]!!, xvlna 
sliiipty appears upon llie ictiiie in tht.^ first Lw^t iN^t h^i cava niny Ijl^ stNyncJLy Jn^\t;j| 
by Madame Pemelle. To tJ]i5 liLtmilJation shu ^rotdJ not *itibmiL Sht; liutritj 
to lier ok[ friend, St. AiilairCp ^vho con;?qkcd Monv:d, xvim oioincnejkdtd licj" lo 
his Tiiihnager, M. I'cjinion. Slic entered into ^rt tznj^iyuniciic trj BL-rvt: thu Oym- 
i^ise tor \x tenii oj tln^e jtsrs uptui .1 i4btr of ^,ociu (i-inLA M. I'oirson wjs 
quiek m ptrceivt: thiM, she v^^iji noi tiS ^ martV olhyf bt:^itiiiers were ; thac there 
was sormjlbiLig iiL-^i^ Jiud sjartlin^ aii^ut tlic ytntn^ ii*.trt^ss. IIj: obtained for licr 
first a]nw^:inint;uT Irom >[, Piul Uuport^ a liciliJ tntjlodrann in tiv^i :ii:is. It ^^^is 
tailed " L-i \'cnilr^iint," -"ul u^iL'iL ii^ cTiurc ^^triktn;; Secnts to " Tlie ITcart of 
Mi^ilochciirt," Aftcf Kit^ c^Jrcocr of Jt^^nii-^ Dc.m-*, (^^nch'feve, the Iien>ii9i^ c^J" [he 
plav, lootsOrc rtlqd triil'el-Htalcn^d, ja!L-l<!i the pft^h^llcc of the EmprtHS Jo;^^j]|iinc tf> 
iiil}ilr'r^ ilii; jMriloti of a VtndL^n [ieasjiit t^oLidi^inned tL> LJ4^at.h Eur Ei^llo^i'iiip 
(iT^Of^jc; OidoiiJaL " i^t Vcndi^t-mn;/' prottutHj^l o» \\mi 2.\, jSj*. ^iiad n^cuix-ej 
wt[h B^i^t 5ii?itIjlisc, iiMs phv'L^d m^ sisty siiecL-^si^T: riij^lits, but nf^t to \-L"tf 
ittj^vdi^d LiUtliL-nt^^ii. The press te^rcely laotked the ne^v' aCtTvSt The critic of 
d^i^yii'jijv/j?/ f/i'\' Di'/fAifSy howiiVizTy xvhile rjslily nffirmlnR Ili^t l^a-jlicl was not a 
phcnomc-tioii and ii^otild iiuv-jr he ej-itotln^tl fis a iTonder, carefully iioEctl a'rlti[n o\ 
tbL- nn3rii-i atid cbaf,i<:to]"isl;ies of \m' performinee. " She x^.ia :tn un^kilkd diiltl, 
bu(sliiu> pt>^^-53cd llca^t^ ?oul, inlellL-tt. There wa^ jiDitielliiiiR bold, al]rLi]j(, uu- 
cuutli alsout her u^pait, jpitn nnd m^mnrr. She wu< thn^s^cd simply =mJ truth* 
fully iu the eoara: wOotJen gi>%v*n f>f n p^:aSHil'Eirl ; htr hitnds ^^tre ied ; her 
voiec w^w harbh and untrained, h^t i^o^v^Tful ; she ^cted without cfTort or ej^a^- 
gt^Thition ; she did not scream i^r ^^sticuiate unduly ; sin; s^s^ntuJ to iH^i-eeive In- 
tnilivdy the fcOliflg sht \veis rt-^fjuiitiJ to erprc^, and i^oulJ infeftst the aiidijjnce 
ga^atly, rno^in^ ihetn to tear?^ Slic \Tns not pretty, but "^he j^lensedn" tte. 
BouiTtn who wilnesserl this reprfisentation^ ol^Tirrx^cd : "Wh^tt nn odd little ^nrl! 
A.'WLiredly there is soanethiny in htr. tint htT jjlact i:^ not ht:re.' Sn judged 
JiamsLfn jl^rt, Lef^omin^ more and more aware tif the Jtifirit^ of his former pupil 
She was rr^nsferred to the Fran^ais Ln piny the Jeadinj^ L-h^racters m ir.^^ci\^\ at 
a saliiry of 4,orK> francs a year. M. J^oirson did nol hi:sitate to Cancel her a^n^ft 



RACIIEL 3flt 

nliiiu wnti hiifl. Indeed he had bc;42]Umtiblt.^i wiLh itiiiikitiy hoii hq couM tmplo/ 

tonti^N" :ti;trc!v^ ^hij w:ls nut iei ^'.u^j^fff flt tficT onJtnaiy lype; sh<; could not L«; 
clfli^ud .^r]1.lll^ f^^ulhrctti^E^ Tlic^rc? were no pn^ ^uiia! to hut- ]n tht: ll^ht c^pmtdies 
oi St:]Ll.L- .kmLIlis t^NmpctTs, which consLliuu-d thf [;hjtf rvporton" ij< iIk- (jj-nuin^ 
It Wis on Jtiui; E2. iMjJ^H Uiai k.jLlicl, ji^ CJrtlHk, in '^ lli^saL^., jlizuIi; her 
first :ippL^kntniJe eji^qh i\\c 5lage ol thu Tli<-,Scr*! I'ntnv^i.^ ThiJ rcc4.-ipis x%Lre Lut 
so^'en litiiidrL-J inid lidy fniic^ ; h wji .lei iiiir.Lbliju|]:iblc period ol iUl' jerir; 
PlIlis wa-^ out o[ LgWTi ; iht wjritticr wis. mosL tultrh. Tht^n; wero^ iniiJkv Jthvr^ in 
tJw Kou^u^ it tt'as ^idn resolute to ?ihp|>oti cIil^ d:iuj;hi*;r of [sihICtL stinl Itn-f sucf^cM^ 
iva^ utiirqui^'oc^j ; rti^^^r[hclcHp a Eiirgt sh-irc oj ih<: npfilnuH^ of the nij^ht wiis ' 
co»ti^^;(lly carried ofT by the vctE^r^n jEP-imiyn whcp pljjcd IIorkc. On juntf 
lotli 1^^1EJhl:] made Itur -tfennd a]?|KMran*:L\ [x-rsonitini; ILinalJe in ifie " Ctiatia/' uf 
Coincilkr The ]-CL]:oi|us ft-l] (th li^'c hundred aiiJ fifty frjinc?^ SJic repealed li*;r 
pfrformanjjc: of Camillc im the 23d j the receipts were ftnlv thuc hinulred fraiii.-^! 
the |H:iorcM houscn |}i^rh:L|>s, ^hc ever pliytd [u in l^ll■ . Sin- nlLenv.ird ap|>c;ircd 
a^ llLrmione ii] ■VAiidioni.ic|CK/' Ai^itnHiidc hi ■ laLn:rtde, " lUripliiJe in " i[Au- 
gcniL^" M^^ntmc in " MitlLriil.tlc-/^ sinti K^^Mne in " iSr-.TnirL;^ |]io receipts udxv 
^r^dujH^ Hsiny, uiitil^ in Octohcr, ^-Ik-m -In pl.sj^.l [ Ll Ei,]ii.ni; Un theienth tiim% 
six ilious^nd francs wcrt taken at the ilooi^ an tic[ual iirnuULU heing ruetivi:d iti 
NovLcnle]", whr-n, iuT the sixth iietic, slie a]3|>cared a^ dr>idk Paris wiis nchw 
at lier feet. In iS,-;^, calied u^H^n cl> pln^ t^vo or lhri.c^ cinie-; |Kr xv-ct-kn she ei- 
saved Lili une liL^^r piirt, L.^ther, iii K,Lchits tr.igedy ol iliat nan^. The j^uhlic 
\\'i& quiEL' euinent iJi^t shjj should n^umt agfljn ^ind iigniii iliii char.ieters in h^liich 
she hnJ already criunlj^hed. In jS40she Lidded to her li^t uT hn|>LT^<>^nL]o^s 
L,i^)^lic an<l IVt&jLint: in Ctnnicille'iS '^Nitynlodc " 4ind " Polyeucte," and iViirie 
Sluart in LelirLinVirn-iciiv-. In aS^i .^hc phy^d no nc^v pans. !n tJ:h42^he Jirel 
Lippcarnjd 1-^ C\urnn\L' in " Lc Cidn" ai Arijik^ and as l-r^-^k^^oiide in n ii-retL^litd 
tranedy hy Le Mcrftier, 

J^achrl ha<l Si\\\'d [lie TliJitrc Fran^aK h.ul civen \y\tk t<> the sti^ge the mas*^ 
t«rpieces ol^ tht^ i'rej^L-h eEii^JL^ai drama. It w:w i'erj" well Jor Thackeiay tcf ^vjite 
fron> Pjids in jSjg that iHl^ autress bpid "onk" ^alvfinij'x-d Mle corpse, not rci'ivi- 
fied. J .*. * liacinc will nex^er cofne to lifi: ti^rain and cause audiences to wcrep 
u^ nf y&rc." He preJieted 3 *^ Anelrnt Fn:nch tragcdyn red-heekd, jj^^lehrdn und 
Lc|feriWE^Tjcii, lies in the ^;^al■L^ .md it is only r]ie j^hu-^t uf it that ]hc fnir Jewess 
has rjised-" Uui it i^-as ^tnLciunjriflore ihun a jj^di^ini/cd jninniion ihijt K^chel 
hiad iLni^^LFted to the old dranux of Fartce^ Ditrhig her tjLLer o( t^^enty ycn^ 
her pL-rfcjtJtiane^iS ftf R^inc mid ConiLLJle lllk^l the colTpr^ of thc^ I'ran^is and 
it ni.iy l>ii traijc<l 7u lu?r inHuiMice atid c:xani|iie thn[ the elas^e plays Ftill keep 
tficir []lacii upcxn ihc ^tagc and i-tfr the ambiElun <>i the plavx-ps. But now chc 
eomnnrtec of the l-ran^ai^ had to rtrck&n wicii tiieir leadiLi;; aetrciSS. nnd pay tlic 
priet: nf [he prosperity jihc^ had brour;ht tKcm. They ejncellcd her cngngenient 
and alTereU lier terms such jis ieemtd to tJiem libi^ral heyr^nd all put-^dent. But 
the rtinrt; they offered, so much iht more was demanded. In the fsr^t instance^ 
tJiu in_Lrci;i> b^^L^g a m{\\<ir, ive^otii^tloi^:^ were eurricd on with her fatiitr. the coin- 




....,^gji| 



ARTJSTS AND ALTirORS 

iSui xvlicn RsllIu-'I lu'L-iiii*: f^imfJi'Cenl to iitrA\ on her own Ik-halC slic jsriNX-ed 3ii^r- 
■^lII ^viitv wliii ^ oxjciiii^ as her sire. Slit Iccanii? a y^vV/jv/Vr in JS43. <:n[iilc!J 
(o one of the L^^^4;ii[y^foiir ^ares into whtcli llic prolits of ii\t- inititutithci were cli- 
vldeJ. She wms rcwnirdci inonrover, with a Siiliry of forty-lwcn thous^md fi^ncs 
jK'r Jiinum : atiil it ivnis rftiiimt^^d liinit hy her pcrfurui^iiiLts difrfiiy^ htT ^r>jy;j' of 
(Lirec ur fcjirr inotith's t^^'i;ry yt^nr i^kc (^nirnrt! n fimluT untixial ineon^t; fN[ iliirty 
thout-inJ rranc?. ^he iTnit wtllt c^stnicudinitry sut.tt:v5 u[]^ni her ]:rovJnt:Jjl Unns; 
L-normoiJs prolit^ fesxiltcd from her rcjidm^fi] vigils l« HoUjind nn^l Uclflifclm, Oct^ 
[nniiVH KitF^in. niul liinylancl. But, frtun lin^ to 1^:31, Kjitlirf^i conntclit>n yc'nU 
the Tinn^ni^ w^s an iutii^^^nc qtimrtl. J^ht wti-i t.ifiriL-lfjLis, uii^'ntr-fnl, inisi;rti- 

sihly LMukI in reluni [or the br^L^ alI]^^ she i^eeh'L-il ivuiu thi^ eLUtitiiiitet She 
prctciidtrd to bcr i^a ill to pin)' in l^arl:^, ibt- hvhik^ sht- wji Jilw'jiji ii-t-ll lhol^Jt 
to hnrn' ,i^Vrir Liiiil £>btniTi great rewir^li; In' liur iPc^rforitinnce'^ in tlie provinces, 
Slic ^rorc herseLr Out hv her cndle^ \v:in<lL-r]nu^ hicher aaid thtihtr, hi^r conitn' 
uoic"^ elE<m^ [ipon rhc Sctnc^ hhe di^iiicd lier^t'lf dhll rcsL^ tjr !:^lepL in a tr^Lvcllin^ 
Curriige Iq ^^vc rime in hrr pi^sNTiui^ Imin uni^ Lcnintry eIkmM^j lo i^nother. lEcr 
eonnnin^' etirnplLiinetl th:i[ ikL-y fell Lwleep sis thty at:ted, liei" t^ngagcrmcnrs duny- 
my thj^ni pRj|h:]' tipport unit its of rijao^e. 1'he ncrwspi]3crs ar one tinit set foith 
the nerinioniou? IcttL^n:^ ^hc I]=ll] ntCE^rchdini^eJ ^vith the L:[>iiinnttar of the: Fran^nis. 
hlnztlly she lended her rc-^i|:n.^[i^n nf Mie posiitc^} ^he oeLupieil ^s s^M^im the 
ijomnuutx took le^^^il prcjei^edin^^ lc» L^]]flpel Itcrr to r<:4.Lirn to Itt-T duties i some 
concc^bimis weic made on L'itlicrsidi", hoivtver. aikI :i rccon^iilintion wns patclit^ up. 

The new iraGedics. "JitJith" :inJ " Cl*.^o|^iiv/' "^TitrcEi for [lie fielrt-^s l>y 
iiiirlanU' lie (!iLnhi~iiin. (jUl^J tt] ple^i-^ie, nar diil siicct^^ ilttiiid iIil^ prrnluc-tirin of 
>L r^on^jLwL's ^^Cuherirte II ," M. Souniet's " Je^inilc d'Are," in whicli, lo che 
jnfllETnsbLion pf clae Cfatics ihc heicine was sctn at laj>t suirtiundtil Jnv retil ll.nnes ! 
or " Lt ViLLi^ i\M I J Mcjiujytie"f3f M. L^ilour de St, VbntJi, Wich bciier Idh- 
iipn' f^tichi^l ,]pj]CMreil In thi? ■^arnt Etuthor's '^ \'iTginiL\" and in ihu " Lucreet^' of 
\\r,\ aid. Voloiru^ "Oitstc" Was revived fnr her in 1845 iliaL sJic mi^ht ]jLiy 
lilea^irc. She |Hlst^»:lu■d Kanne's ".\thalic" In lS47r ^listaming k^n^^ white 
]ock^, |3Litinin_Er furrows on her ftiee, and [|i>RUifitn^ h^m^lf Iteyotid iket>H:niliiin. in 
]n;r clcterniinatitin cci ^x\^ eompktcU" Uie eharacttr she had undniTtaken. In 
[t^.|!^ siie pbye;L Aj^ippine in Ehe " llritMc^nicus'' of l^acine, and dres^td ii] pljin 
^^liite fnu^lin, i^nd [;]3-Sptn^ the tn^^lored lliig to lic-r heaitn she deliveral the 
" MarseiUiiLSe " to ]i!el^ the Revolution Lst-^^ lending the air strange nifTLminj; and 
|>^t^^on by the inlen^iltv of her mariiit:r. oi slie half ch:snled. h^itf rcehed ihu x-HiPrds^ 
iier ^'oice nmv shrill :113d kiireh, now ilecp. lujllrnVs and reverberating — litr trtra^l- 
uted audlloj-^ liLzeni]];^^ [[ in elTcct tu distant thunder. 

To ike nir.nnniisEs ivlio sought tu su|]]dy her witli ntw parts, Rachtl \y^ ihe 
occasion (^^ inutjh ehai^rin ;^nd perpk-j^ily. Aflcr acct^pting Serlhe'? "AdriLnne 
Lccoitvrciir" ihe itjetled it absolnieh' only to rej^nme it ej^erly, howchi^r, 
when she learned th^iE ihe leading i^liai'aeter was lo Ik undercjki^n by Mademan 



RAC] 1 EL «1 

scllc Rose Cli^^ri. Hi5"Ch^rtit.jli*:r" h.w'm^ nitt ^vifh i^ucxesSn Urichvl appliod 
u> Dt^ Mlls^hl for ;i pbt^ ^Slsi: xvis oITctcJh il "sviTTid, " Lcs C^j^ncc^ <lc Mari- 
anne/ lnJL m-^aiuinic; the |jLJCt's "litLtiLw" fiiJkJ, und llie actrt;*? dl^criL^LfuLly 
turnL-J axvav (men hint An uiidcvcjkiiig to apiicnr hi the ''Mcdni"t]f LLTiuitv* 
biL^li-^l her in a protniclecl iLiv^suir. Tlic coxtrts CDtiduinncfl h*.T in Jiiitiaj^ts to 
iIb (unount of tfto liuntltLtl francs for t:i'i:i?^ (I^y sIil^ Jdayctl plLiiinp rlit part cif 
MnJlm adcr t!ic d^Xu ftxL-J upuil l>y ll>[; sitana^^tinent lor the- commenccmirnl yf 
[lae rohcan>als4jr [he itjgedy. She piiU cio[hin^Jiowcver, for the manigcn^mc 
fatltJ to fix any >ucti ilatc. M. l-r^inivc ^\-j-< cmly nvtnj;t:il In the sntet^^ his 
plav uliiamtJl, ill a imnsttitcd tovm, iii chu Iritids of Mij^kmii^ kisiori. Tn luu of 
*OkthM ' Nadid prottuctd - Kt^iT^inatidL;' ii tinp^riy liy x\l. L:ito«r il\: ?^t, 
Vl.-ir>, ivhiuli t.iikiltoiTtpkttly. OlW pLiy^ ^vritfui for htr were iht "Vnlt^nsi" 
oi MMh Lii*:roij^ and M;i£|uc^ in wh]*:h she pLTSfanoleJ iwo charade^— tht: l:m- 
press Messaliiiii -lud her halt t^i^tizr, Lvsian, 4 touritsan ; tlie ^^ Dfant;' of M. 
Augier, at^ imil,ni^m nC Vieli^r lluj^^s " Marian Ddofmc i' " I^^ly TirtuffL." a 
ctmitdv In- M^dnhnie dc GirjrJin i nnd '"La C^Lirmt.-," by M. S<nb<!. ^hi: ap- 
peatijil .il^ in orrtain of ilii^ cls-ir.KH:rs ori^niinlly c^pntrivetl for MaJenraiscHc 
M.us.find] as La TisLe in Victor Hucc^'s ".Anj^Waud (he hLiainesof Durnas's 
'-MadLmoisdle <ft 3clle Isli;" and of ^M^uiw de IJtrneroJlt-^" hy MM. Lc- 

goui^i! niud fJinnn^- 

TliL ekHical dnrtii of Fninec lias nol diunil iiiuch favor in England and 
America. We arc at!, |K:rhaps. apt (o think wiili Thackeriy disrespectfully nf ihe 
"old trijiediL.^*— Vh^ll-nifili d™1. and lull utiictoo-^hi ^^hich half a dosicn ch:]rac- 
(ersappiar and ihout sonoi^ins AlL.?::indr]Lws forhrtU a iloztn ht>urs;"ur wl arc 
■(liS|>os^-J CO a^Ft^c ^vith Mr, Marth^w Arnoldn ihjt their dr.ima, heini! fumlaniijnt- 
aJlv insnfneleiit IkhU in iiulii^iartcc and in form, the Vrmnh, ^vkh :^ll ihtir Rift^ 
hnvcr nor. aji \te ha^-c, an aricf|nnic form for poesry of thf- hi^hc^r cLi«> l fiose 
wlio itmeinlKT K.Lchtl, Jiou-cvcr, tuti tL^iiEy rlint site hrt^iliL-cl tlm- nn^i^r ardrnt 
HEe ii]to tht: friKid remain^ cif Raclntr nnid Cnmellle, relumed ihL-m wiOi P]<jnie- 
Ihean htaCr ^"^ shov^-jd ihi^aii to bu insrinel wkh the irutst xitW intcn^eii pc^-^ion- 
Wlitn slit: occupied the sctne^ thcrt eonid he tio ihonght nf iIk^ old artilicial 
times of liaii powder and rt^iiEc, peiiwlg,^ and i^atclies, in con net: tit mi with die 
clmracleri; shti rt^jircsttued. ]*httlrc and IJLtnilone, Patrhne atsd Camillc, iniei^ 
preEL-il bv lur ^iiius ht^ianie as ixal and niWnralH wairn iind i>.ilpLiatin'2T as Con-, 
bianco or Ladv MiACl^ih could have Ik-ci ^I'hrn played In" Mrs. Sid^lon^, i^r as 
Julirf Tvhen imperiOnalcd \yy Miss ONnlL li^lmc Rk lid e.nuu, it had b^en 
ihQUght thnit the nti^' mmmlii: dranmof MM. Ihsj!" and Durn^hs 1- ■-l^l-■ if its 
pTKiier tnnh to ^ac^t^*:^ Itjd given ilit ypi^fl /ff j^rdf^ x^ tk old cla^^v p^-u^ : but 
the public, yt her bidding, luined pliwlly from the sp^b^ms atid tlie rant of " An- 
E^lo" and " Anyik/' "Antony" and - HenKini." to cluj old-uwld i^torie^ the 
formal imHt-^li^"' "f "l'*^ scvt^nteenlh eentury i^nt^t-diamjtists flt France. The 
actrc^^ fairlh^ wltchcrl her puhlk-. There Wsi? sofficihiny of mufiic in her Vrty 
presence upon ihe sctne, 

NoMeouIdfaJ] to he linprtssfid b^ the sfcispeet of the slighl, pallid woman ^ho 



*, 



ARTISTS <\ND AUTilOKS 

a-cmtd lo i^iit heifrlK hi- itj^.m n.f Iht ■;lrrt-Ti-ini;«, wh'* moved tnward \kv utidi 

cncc h^-|[li iucli simple miunl iii;ljl^ii, h\'ln> ^von.' .i»iS coiulncccit fn-r llu^m l-Ius- 

?icnl Uri]ic'rJc^ witli ^iiich jilinirahk .liiiI |niftcE ;;r.n:u It w.L-i .w llnfii^li ^Iil lii>d 

li'ril .lUvsys so JulnJ In luniks pi?|>|iini, nnd p-illiuni— hiid knoiiu n^'olhtrr drcM 

^iioi ifim sfie H'.-isof mnilLrn licncs jjl-Lyinff m jiiili|Ui|>' , nhi- wis Ehtmii^c of 

Gi^-vk tragedy in \Kff.c.a. Tin: phi-^i,..!! imjiijons o[ ii,;r r,n;u fuuml <!;^|jn>^i„n 

or ini;Linia[ii:ni iii litr. Her (.it-ij ^^-a'* itf ii:iincd Ju'I.ul.iI cImnicHir— iI..: tl][n hitj: 

■Blit^htly cuRvd, Liic luivcr lip j. itiHu f jJt, Uin iJk inouili c^quisiiLh' '■ly..],~:.l, :liiJ 

iFni rcelJi ^m.ill, ivhuc:, ,ind citlti Tfn; |>m(ust bJ,(c;k-lrD^^'ri li.iir ^vjs :^nn,ijific.'d 

and hr,iii!L[l frojn ihc l>rQ.iJH luw, \vhhi:, wiiicwJiai u^^^r-hciuEiiia btinh, hcmjibi 

Hliiuir iif sli-iiioH' ilii; kcvn Lljtk i:)\:& l]a3li^d uiii ihnfr fJir^Jtiifnys, <tr ^i^Juwcd (u- 

iif\W iikcojiiUi at J rrd iK-ai. rWgesluiu^ vnvc rtm.ick.ihk- for tli^lr di!,niiLv .inc! 

jipiirujiriiieiif^ ; llic Ions, sli^rl,, i„ins j^|>, n,^.,iiy!\vs sLirpFJ?,jnf"lv' [o j^tcful- 

jiiiss : iliu hciiuiifully fj^rniud liinds. ^ith iliu chin Li|H.rint[ fingora'ainl ihc [jink 

iLlhcn imiK aui:iri,!d ^hv.iy^ irumhlinj^riy (mi ifi^ nlcrt to udd slspiificnnc^ oj' iiccciir 

It- fi^r siHJcKiliei liiJi iIlclu i\m- cl.Pi|iniiti: in her vrry viuac: .m-\ tojiijiltlc re- 

posf^ She Muia rcliiic 4 ^v-lioli: hi^ion- (jj her thnn^s uf fjcLiI i .H;j3T4:s^ioiL She 

pLiii!4-sscj[ ?pi:cJ-il pgnXTS of sclkunirul i slic vjs uiuLt MiJpjccliyii to buih an 

and i.iitLirc v^huii diL- ^.-ciutd icj iilmiul-fn hiirsoif the niosl n;>srtlijtL'lv to ihe whirl- 

rt'ind uf fi::r ]iiiisio[i. Thciv wtci; iiu LriulLEf !:Hrn.s.su-M fif jtosiurc, niDV'i iTicnj. -aj- 

nine, lEcr ^iitiiuLlcEs U rt'Ti once -jiil, wnvc clio^' of "a Pyihnnciis lll'vL in 

hrujiA:/' IKt i'oii:e ihriHcd nnd ma-J n: iia firsr n'Jic : in/jhs so ^tranf^uly dtt^p, 

so wlcnmly rmloilioiis. imiil. ^linj^d hj- pn^isioi] js ii i^rc, k l4:i:jiiif;''i]iiL'k m'li 

husky in ccit^iiii of 1(^ u.ii,i^: \,vt k mms nl.vnys in.Llbl,-, niticiihHc, ;ntd [clliiit:, 

wliLtli[!r Minfc Ion ^\-1>isper or i^iisud Llqinnrou'ly. lEi-r dctliinjihlioii wns Miiicrb^ 

\(. IIS ctjlip rcpoiLvd, iJitrc hiid In^r.n di-dhn: m this in^ntcr duiiiii; iliu^^t' hhic 

jn-j[« of h^r lifu^ lo ii-hiLli my own ■JCi|Li.iiiunnM with R.iL'hcl's aclinic Js i^-nfiiied, 

!sb^vh(.r (irfl at [he Pnijii^ai'^ in iS4^, nnd J w^-, iiitirfiH Jir lnr !,|^l iji'rlommnct: 

ai thu Sl Junii;^ Tfit.itre in 1^;^,;, hjvini;: In iJu- inHJivLil nimcsircd her j.Si,iin>|>. 

[i"n of CL'[(Liio cf JicL' iiiosf fldmln;*! clinniccLr^ And it may lie iiuo^ too, [Juit. 

like Kuan, she H'ns ]nuru nnd mott disjiuscd, ns ilic yKirs luiHed. to m^kc 

"l*r,ii)i5."tos][(rnUT Jhe kss finprjrtjm «:eii«i. Hin<[ reserve herstff Jtirji i,T:fnd 

onLrnifiii oi J velienitnt clin.iXn ^Jicrifieiitg iliti^ mauv of ihcr shIhIot MniLnjs, ru- 

fincmcnr^, niiu ^i?rlLE;i[ion? of t-locuiinn, for whicU shi l>,<il onue Imcn r^nions. 

To l^nirijah exn, it w.i'i hard[;r'nn ulli^ncc Iha: shu hruke up ilic sinf^-^nR of the 

rhynieil (iradrtof Lhe oUI pl.iyy and yn%>: ihcni n mure 11.11110] ajiijid, rrj£ardlc5a 

of [he irjdiiion.d meilio<ls of sjjeech of Cljiitoii. Le K:iin. and diIkts of [he grcnt 

FoJiich jaliiyeis of ilii: [y.iM. 

Le« sifKcia tivi-w liad liuen looked fur .iiicndj^d RiichelV ijivasiun u| ilio 
rcpL'rrory of Mlk. M.in. ah .iiiv.'^ su idoli:<efi hy ilic f':irifli:nis thai liiir ^ixtf 
Vt-iim :Liid grrol ponliiita: of form were nor iliouylii hindiiinei's u, hi? jwuiona- 
lion of the youthfid hei'oiiie^i of mudvTn comedy nnd drjni^ llm llnchcl"; liiiest 
OLtnpiHioTL jnd luT grejliisl rnimiplis were found in lliu claa,icnl |ifn-lic |fl[,/s. 
She, pcrha|i^ niiellcciuallzed luo much ihe ereJiiiufi of Hugu, Ouniiia, and 



r 



1/.-. 



-TiiA.K lt: rjitaE"j^f^ME 




.ic 



RACHEL m 

Scribe I E^vL' cIh'iti 4^xt\"w of mLiJwfy. H^t Ingrrionic scyle was too oxalied an 
Ldn! Icjr lUl^ coci^^Lniifninil flmnwrfi^ nf fht- jlninini of l>er i>wn tinur ; Ll ^v[^^ even 
fflfd t*f l5*^r ihii- ihc tOLtld nui ipn-jk it^ prcjw properly or [[jl^iralNly. Sho di.Oiked 
iht: ^l^lir^^]*iwJe^ cieoL-K^ri^ to Adrk-tichc; lji;ijiivreur nuil Galarjtlk tlnj Built: i^l*;^ 
ftEibouicrK hi^r IrtiiiuU'. for all it; scv-trirv. Jitt not lojic ]jkcuTL.^L|L£c:[]CK= tn tlicr cm- 
luniei; of ilu- Irnh- nl Loitis KV. As Giil>rie!lL' ^lii: w:^ mon; ^Irli^h nucl ^^nilc^ 
pnili^Llc, ^ikI [uLi-kn; ilmn W[ai ^le^ wont, xvliilt tht: si^^'Li.il furvor of ht-r spcTcb 
atidtiissod to Kii:hH_'licti, l^cgiiminjf, " \'o[i'i [rtcntcz^ Moti^btir le Dlic," ilirrcd the 
audiorLCi: tu the most cjtcitcfl apg^hjsc. 

R.i4:lir] \v'dL^ sci'u iip^kn the ^t^ijf^^ Erji [liu hist liinu at ChEtr1i.^Loa on DL-^cmUr 
ij, iS^6. She p]ayi:d ;Vdri4;iiiic Lj:c>^ui-renrH Slit^ lud 1>oeii LL-mg^tL^tt lo 
Atnertca hy fliL- [irospcct ilf <'rVl"ni^^jiJiiH pi'olits. It \\\m\ bcon dlnt^ed inlo Jut 
cars tliat Jt^nny l.jnd, l^y ihtrLy^fpht pcrEnrnianct^ in Amtfici, Iml at^ll^^Lil w^l'- 
cnt<:cn hiiculrfd thouMtiil fi^iit"^ Wh^ miiiht ihjI ihi\ KitclicL receive ij*i jniEL-h? 
j\nd then, she ^vas i:.ii;*-r Ct> tjuit i^-in< Thtre hJid iwiiin s^fi-sMitro ^rojsfiip tht.-n; 
o( ilnKlainr Ri-^lori, i^wn m thi: K'Jt.TH;d i^^irt of Merit^:*. Hut .iln^ack' R.iehei'j; 
health wa^ tn h1 Jeplrirqblt sl-iH:. I Icr crmsfjusainn, nm^ct Vcrj" ^rong, had suJ- 
Itrtd ^veR'ly fn^ni ihi! truu'l J'hitif^rs, ilit incL-s^nt exerti^^fis, she liad iindergunt 
It mniy hCi ttH^ ibiit tht! deoLU'jiiLc^ii'- a]LLl ^XLfr4!rii^JLi^ l]' h<.'z chlklltc^orl no^V made 
1 1 tL'ciis^^h c^ fc-'li ^"^ ovt!Mluu el:iE3iis th^Lt r.~4^ijld ]h! n^} liJn[!4^ ilepuc'^l oy deferred. 
:3Eie ft^t^-ed her^c^lj' tu pinr. ni full]hiieiiL of hrr 4.'ii^ii(^niH-ni, Ihttt ^.Ik w^ han^uidp 
^ivak, eiLi^^cLiLeFl : she cou^fiaed in4]t^%iiiLk\ Jier ^^irc-ii^th \va-^ ^o^t^ ^ she U'ns dy- 
JLi^ :>lowlr iuLt eeiiiinly ol phthii^?. Ami ^!ie appearr^^l liefoi'e stii iitjJiLini^e Uiat: 
q]3|)ldLidt!d her. it [^ triLt. hut car^d ]ii)tb]ihi> r<>i l^.icitieand ^^JllH■ilk^ knt^tv little 
of [he Frcnelk lan^iiii^c, and wcw in;;'-^u iIi.jL ^Im: ^Ikjuld sin;.^ (In: '' Mjir-^-ilLis^L'^ 
as ^hc had ^nn^ it In [84^ ! It ^tms fOh^ulL^'ii. t?i tt w.a\ caoL kiin^^vn in AmoiiL.-i, 
tinxt ll>ea<:trcSi lind Inn^ jfiiice renounced revolutionary £4;t3tintent^ to esfjouse 
Llir- i^LL^c ^3f the iKttind Km]^iJC. She purfomieAl all her more ini]Tort;^tic clur^ic* 
ter^, Imwc^'er, nt Ne"^ ^'ork, Phil^delphiii, and lio^iton. Nlm wn-i tln.^ Hiidert.ak- 
iitjF eOEnmt:feialiy Ji^pjJointin^, if tt djd nui ^v'l>olly s^ti-^Ey L^■^|Ji^ct^t^^n. She re- 
luniL^il i^N I'Vat^et: pos^^n-^d o( ]^e.-^rl_v chtLe hLcnJr42d ihOM^ind Irenes n"? her sl^Lire 
uf tlie|jrolit>t?f her [orty-rtwo |>er(ijimiint;e^in lU^ Cintecl ^t^itti; l^ir she returned 
ii) die. I1it^ ^^incc^r uE u^^i^ sihr- jMssei] it C^lEr4^ ^Ih- leturnecl eh h^'jn^i; in the 
i|>rmf^ of 1857, biLi \\<i[' iili^'^ieLin^ [urb,ide lit^r To rtiw-iiLi Iolij; In l^iirij;. In SL^p- 
temher she inovod .ii^.iii^ to iho ^onLli^ [tnilln^ Iter last rLireiii i]L ilic: vlllii ^:Lrd[]i4^ 
at C^nnetn a little vllLigt^ in diL^ envifon^ of Cunoc^ She lin^red |o Ja]^uary 
3, iSs^ Tliu Thii^lre Fnin(;a]S eloscJ its door--* iv^len tiew> .limm r| nf fn^r tie^tli^ 
:init .LLf^ln oi] [ht- diiy f][ her funeral. Tlit Lody \v^<\ enll^tlnsH lI .^kI l>roicGht to 
!^l^is fiar iitterrfleni ii] Lhc eeineten^ of Ptrt la Cb.dse, tb^r ol>$ennics hcin^ ]>cr- 
fonned in ictonlani^c with the Juwi^i Htrt The nio5t cmmcnt of lhc auih^r^ 
^nd .letof'D of ['rsince Wizw pax^^nt, Jtnd runenil omiign^ were delivei'^d by MM+ 
Jule^ J.inins nAtaille, .md Au^fu^te XLtigitec. \'ktor I lu^o was in e^^ile : or, as 
Janin anncimeetl, ihe anthoi" of " Augelo'' wouLd not hnvc withheld the tribute 
ot his eulogy upon lhc ^^ occasion. 




«-. 



ST4) 



ARTrsTS AN'D AVrHtJliS 



EDWIN iSOOTtl* 

Tilt: prml nclor ^vho Has lntt?ly Itfi the 
Wl:^^^i fifrrit^ihtcl, in lu:^ own reiUiiiikLilhlA: 
ch:crai:tor nncJ shmmLT ciirecrn hT -Sirikin^r ^-^^cup 
li[)ii r^ Mil' p^^pxilnr iri^fLiti^jn th.iL nirti f^fgcniui^ 
\izi.' lIm I LiliL'i's iif uriLiiinry SD]i^ Tliu l;ittii:r uf 
Kdwici l^Lioth w:^s in his Lime <>»■; oE lln' fsl<>rit:s 
of List l^n^lisli :hii[] .AincricHD staj^jj ; l^tr, cvtii 
in lii^Cniftc (hc^nirlcc ruli: wavtrtJ^ for his friLhtir^ 
lliDLi^^lt iiiJl a ^4:nius, was yt-t a man uF cxa!j>- 
triMinl chnnti^tL-r \ one uIjo mufktci nut ™ clear 
p.ith Eor hlmiclE in ifkc Morlrf, and x^alkcc! in it 
to ihc tTid 

How far L.tt:k the line of Iht fnimily can Iw 
tmi:i'(], or -^vli^tt w^^ its origin, ^vc ^Icj nL]i kn-iw; 
but it has blcLy bL-cn saiJ llial the f.Linlly was 
of Ih^hrt^r t;^iniction, and tytnc intis Rtij^ktad 
froin S]^iii, ^vht^fL^ it hnii bc^cn knl^^v]^ liy Lh4! 
Sji^inM^ n^Jnic, Cal^ana. 'Ilic lir.inoh of llw 
Ijjnily ch=Ll IvEl Sp^iln |*i live In Enylnnil trjtnslaltfJ the n.inic inio tht IcLngija^^^c 
of tfiuir iKiV' Injn^t. Jtiil from " Oihnna," a slicphc^r^ cab!]i, niaJc the Ivn^lF^h 

equiv^jlL^ntj ll^ioth, 

llmvevLrit MAY hav* bttn iti tisis cti^-, it ^as cjinti^ in tJiij oritet of things 
that Ihi5 than^ of name slitHiUl be mn^le. It Iilis betii dona ei-ery^ijierc \ti 
Etlrtil>o since \^0' ^^^4' ^™<^^ ^^^^ "^ ^"^"*i ^'^'^'^J ^'^ ^^^'^ country ^Jy ncu eoni- 
crt fiTsm .ill imrL^i nf the old Wisrld- 

Tlie lif^t of lUe li^Hiths wc it,^.l of In Englind was a silvtrsmitl^. livltiE "t* 

Di(H3]ni,ljurv, Und-jn, in the blL^r lulc of ibc W c^ntun. He kul =i son, 

Kithard. \vho xviis br<:d (o iIil^ I=ixv, Uut who was sn iniljutd wuh ihc rt^publiejn 

kk^s rife ;it llic lining that h^ actustHy eanic lo Anicriu.i in n^-lit in thn cau^ of 

]ndqK:i]ilenCe! He wnstukui prisnriL-r. jn.l rnrnL^d l>iek lt> lvn;:|jnd, ivhcre, nut 

li-ilhout xi>nit slrneilc^, ht: Jigiitn ai^j^Hcd hinufl-^lf co the pracitlfe nf the law. and 

intbneiiutk^ifc.ttnnc. iie d[cl nui, liowcv^, fnt-i;t Amene:i, liiid we nrc tojd 

thut he Itad. Iiiinning in his houw:, a j^r-rtraic of Wjishingtoti, which he e-^i^Ltl.^ 

all lil^ iiscrof^ tu KiluLe. 

OnaiTiE thLiw^vsin^vliichthcicimblicansof ikiLTimtshtjwtJ wliete tliLir^yin- 

iLUlne^lav w^s in nmnlrty rluir tihildren after (iie herue^ o£ Greece and kome; 

HnJ JiccorJinely s^c find Kich^rd Hoorh t^alliit^ his eldest son. Jtmiu^ llrutu5 




PUWI.S" B<KJTH 371 

Bmilli, nfltT llie Rnman jMlritPl. 'IhJfl ■^un ^'as Imrii in T^hhIulIh in i;'^^. Hi? 

ir ins Ujiic tu'(('rc' ht^ ?ho"'i;d n nnrk^il iiitrtinaliiui i'H -my paTliciil-ir ujlk in 
lift. Ilf iTfol lii'i li:ii"l Ai painrlii;:, ■^lliIeiIlir:, anU \fciTy ; unci (i>r j uhJk HiiJ- 
icd IhIh rtiih lii'^ farlK-r. llui, ivluii ilii^ liiiu- unnii; to dwosc, he ga\i: his voici: foi 
the mvv, nn.i v-uiihl li.ivr Jolnul ilie l>ri^ lS<i.M^r, tIilii lining oul for Nuv:i Sco 
li.i, Bui, ,19 wm ihre£i[fnc[l f^iiwirn hnphintl nmi Ainoiici, lie wiis iiidiic,:^!, \yy 
lh<- -slrtnig ptriuasioupi of Ifi'i f.ilhtT, iml I-j run The rl^li oi Lit'uip iVT^iii to Li|;lu 
a^in^t Ani^iic:L 13c clicn ijH:ciiJud n^ Ku upon ihe s[:i!!L:, jihI, in <|'ire ijE lifs 
fiitln^r's rcnunjsir.mc^is, cjriiLil oul lii* iiinpoM-. A([ir-r ^'iiui- unini|HMt,inl tasays 

Ileal Lasi ^ucc-Lfidcd in nUi-iicring pnlili>: .itci-'iiiii iniMtLfon! loug ^linwitk such 

uiiEiil.ufc.ilik nl-iliiy in Jcaliiij! M-iUi JiffitJiilE ]>,nis, ili.iJ rho iniMic, [ill ih^i lime 
uijilivi(^'<l ill l[^ cniliii^t^&iii Uyr Ki:.i[i, n\'ukc lo the f.iti i\'M a djiigtruus riv-iil 
thi-j^uiKil ihi! sucuriiy of ihtir iaul'^ ilironi. In ihc mitUi ofliis i^jcCiKcs, how- 
cvi.1. Ilci"nli initric<[ jiid Itfi Eii^'lund iviili hiii wift for ii liunryjiKxm ln|j i.u ilie 
\Vi'st IniCii-:^. 1-lc li'<l inl^'Tiili-d lo roliirii .n rtiici: lu Unyl.inil, lint lit '.^■j-S in^f- 
su.iilnl lu piLilninii Ills jiniriii:v :ilu1 io vi-^ii Niw ^'ovk. .\fii.T nl-ii-nfy j ^icti-as- 
fiii t-iii::i)-c-inoiu ihnTc he ■I'cnl to Kichinc-nd, wJktc ht ..m-^ im Il'^= [iru^|H^rous 
He ncMV lulled Nc^l' Or3<-an.s snd uciiiilrtU ^utli fiicilily in i^pvakm;,' I'reneh lh,il 
he iilivtd \<itns in FtojilIi ll^JV■x nmri! ihnn joLci>Ei\lily, iiiiil ili'^iln^Hl^hcil him^ell 
by jii;iin;^On^sE«in Ittetm Si " Anil]Yiniai|iii?/' m rlui ddif-hml ihi- L'fcndi'spcik' 
iiiLT po[iiLLi[i.-n. Hiy accent I'i 4ii<E io havf b,:tn remiirkiililL f^jr its puiiiy. Ue- 
luriiliiK ttf New Vurk, he acied Othello w FurrcsiPi Tago ; Liuijiiihc. niiOet i.f hi^ 
5ncC(:!aes the di:nih of I"'d of hin chililrtn pnxluLvd n H.-mpcirjiT insanity, ;fnil 
iliifl w-ji niaJe v.-uii& \>v (lie news of ilie ik-Jili of his En^^triiL- joti. Ilcnn ISi run, 
in London, of ^iniiU-po.(, This giirvou^ lo^s ^v^'h htuvt'i-ur, to be inj.lc ii|i lo 
him by liL5 wjiin EiJwiii. in whom he ^vas in lind tin: LoiuucTp^ii of himself, ft-fi- 
cHLd, lefineil, eiinulbrjl, while ln!i^v<:i;n f^ithor miJ son hjs lo etow b strung al- 
r.Klirnoiu, ji IiolkI oE niutu-il aiTceti'-n [o Imi: as !"n^ .i^ life should tndurt 

Ednin Thomas Ih^Klt was ln.rn m Utl Air. Mityl.ind, N"ov<:niber i?» rS^j. 
He was n:inKd liUli^in, ufttr his f-iUur's fiimd, r.dv'i'in ['oirtsi, mid Thuiiu?, 
aftL'i Tlmmai l-U-nn. [he ucior, u-hc>m ibL' chkr Uu-^rh finil known iEiilinLitcly in 
London, llii MKi dt.>p]icd ilie n.^irii! of Thomas, laiei in life, .\m[ w;l5 unlv 
k,. .,vLi vo ilie iiiihiii: hy the name of Kihvin ISpuiIl Owiiii! lo his f^iliiii's wan- 
.kunjj ]ifo rdivin h.id t:^\- advaniayis of mluLailoii, bui ^le ni:iiLe ihe most oi lif- 
(►[jptitlunilieps -md biduH:d -.v-i^ n ^ludent tif R-mA lellei^ iill his Lifi;^ Eurninji Tht: 
light of all he Icacncd frcnu honks nid r^in^rienee upon his iin. His ynuih is 
flcBcribffll iii uiiLCiii, und marked b\- a !.Ul]iic indiiiiluiility, villi a J.ep H>nip:LHiy 
for Ms [nihcr, eitly manifLSud: hi'i father, a much enJutin;;, 5uJEi:riiij^ man. 
srronglv i" <ie<^d ot isvni|jaihv, kno.vin.L' io repay ii. ion, in kind. 

Edwin iJoDlh made Ins fiibt ^[ii^uaranec on the •ilqj.'.- in 1849 !il ihL' Roslon 
^luscum in ibe vnnlhful pari oi \'v,^--il in tolky Cihber's veislon of Shakes- 
peare's " Richard III" li h,id l^een a^Jnii Ins faihur? wishes ihai he had adopi- 
edihe siaye as a profeKion ; hut as his Uhcr had done in a llki; case before hijiL 







^ ^ 



Va ARTISTb A^D AUTIIOftS 

he persevered, amE soon hficl rh*i ^li^rtct[&ii of ctimincmg hNpjirtnt thar hn had 

dctfiili-d ivisely. lie did cio[ :^i <3ncr ttmie [n S'cu Vcjik alier l^j^ suucvss in 

Be^lon, hitl went to Prov'idt]^L-t and to PlitLiclclphta, «t:[ing C^is^Ili li] '"OUiclla." 

^)d Wilfurti in v\w " Imii Chest," a part he won rii-id^ his o^vn sind in h^litcfi he 

ntedc lii!> lirsi ^tpExsii^ncn: in N'cw Vork, plnyiiig tit iht- N^Mioiisil ^n^^trv ]d 

Ch^Tham sSmxin in i^fjo. Tho tsi-.vt y^^ar Ik^ |>tnyc<l RiohnrtI 111. |or [h*.- lirst 

ritin:H taking flu- p:trL ul1l:.-^|h:L:tl-dl^ [cj liJl fhc |ilrtcc of his hitlier, t^'ho weu^ smt- 

dtnl;^" ilL In 1S53 he ^-ent dui wirii his fnrhkr ti3 Sziti l"rHineisc&, whtirt Kis 

hraihcr, J^]|lU^^ IJiutus Byoih, Jr., w^ts th*: niBiiagiTor a th^ntrc; and ihc forher 

om! hiv iwn ,wiii HiL-tL-d r*:ic^^tJtL'r. Ai Hn^mim^niOH hvr.ire rr>lci thric Hu- fnt-idcrtt 

OUi:LLircti vMch Ie:<I Kthvin hooth tu ihink of jcijiig MlIiuI^c. .h pnrt which ^vas 

CO l>4![.x?mL- a:^clw:clv^^cj^i£Lti:d whh hiii ii.tnu- us iha( c^f kkl^irl |||. u-.i>i wjih 

hk fLjiEi(!r. He; wsii drtsfcJ for ihu pLirr of JstfficT hi Olw.u V pln^^, " Waiicf I'rv- 

str^'L'd," whtn Joc^Tnn one s^iid to him " V(3U L^k>1: hkc 1 hiink-l, tt"hi' uoi p]jiy it?^ 

Tl wail. hti^vt^XTH pfNtTit Mmc hcfon: h?^ ventured ro a'^itiiie [hi- j>iirt. In Otcobrr, 

rfe^a^ ihi: f-iihcr ;inc| *rpci pnirtird, nut to niLt^r .i-F,iin. Thu uhk-r lli^kth nyviit 10 

Ncvv^ Orlcijns, i^nci :ifixT playing Eor it ^vett tw^t i^j-^tgy in n ^[Lviinhrisit rhn the 

Mis^t^sif^in. nnJ Chitchin>f n st-^vrc cok3 ^tji:c[iinhc!J l^Hlt a few c|;ivs' illne^^ und 

died. Tor a wliile nficr his Tnther's (Lcath l^lwin ^urlcnd grt-^ily frnm cj^>vtrrh* 

and ffcfm ihi: hsirdLnliiii"^ t^f his jtrcfarifm^ lili.-, tin^LisLjii»rc] as hi' now was hv the: 

nlTucLion jnd i^ticuuni^rinciJt of [t fLitho]' \\\to, wlih uli hj-i facilt^ jmJ fn nil ih^ 

mi^EurEutns hrou|>ht <)n hy scnoiis ill'hoahh ami some iilifrrations tli^i wofe the 

clTfUt nff i!Ulii::dlhfl hjil aliia^'s hten an alfi^ctir^nEiEr Ami truL- frit^nd. Kvl a taltiit 

suds as iiitwhi U1HJ1I1 iKNssi.'ssi::!, nuhkNl to a hU^\\ nhacncrrr, rtn<[ ^l:^ ri dauntk^ss 

Spirit, utmki not l^jnj^^ he lutl, aiiJ in it sliort ihiie lilt nnntL^ lH"L£aii lu Im; lieftnl ol 

as ihaf of one: tJestinLfl t" great ends. In 1S54 1il- went l^^ A^j^lr^ilia is 1 Tncml>cf 

of I^JLini KeQ:i]ti'*i eujtipany. lie ha<l made n dL:e|i inipu^'^jon in L"a1ifomja, ;kI- 

iiigMjHjh |parti5:Ls kl^harrl 1IL. ShyUn:!;, Machtthn .md ll.nnVr, und on remming 

ihjJTHj from ;^U!itrjliii t\mi first jni|in-s^on ivas grrally ^ireai^hr-m-d. Ctji katln^ 

Snn I'mncjicjo her recei^od iMrJotiS tL'stimnnELds !*ho^^iiiH ilu^ In^h fsrecni in 

which hi^iLLting wa-^ held hy rhc edut-aled pim nf tlie i^omniunilv ; Imt ihroit^^h- 

qul Tyltvtn Hwlh's caretr, iUl' inii^rcf^ hi: e.^citirtl hi the vast auditncirs that foU 

lo^^rd him ^'a^ hv no rn^-^ns ixinlinrd tL"> rht- ^L-lf--^t^-lt^f ^^hest peoLili^." Tlioir^Hi 

II-; nevt-T "idiLyt-^d to iht; ^^.illi-ry/' tin: liL-.trt uf (hv i^sillcry was ax much wilii him 

K the: hj.art of tht l>^^Xl?:t, nnd he l:n*^w ihc vmIuc of irs mpt silence as wdl iis ol 

3ti ^itcirmv voicx:^. 

in li.isEiHK in 1857^ he plavcd Sit^ Glks O^i-rn nch, in Msiw5tij;tfi^ "A N^cw 
\V,iy til [\iy Ohl DcIjk" 3tid iht pr[>Lonnd irnpri.-^&icjn he inadu in it i;onlirmed 
hcio in liis iiurpiM^ to devotL* hitiiii^lf to ini^jic: ^ictfng. The story of jri actor's 
lift: lii^KldomevcnlfLtl and Mr. I Sooth's history, jfrcr his hm assured sutrccss is 
the ["LCorri (yf a Ioli;; JinL* of Ltiui"n|jh_s ^^-ithuui .1 fnihjre. The most rt'jnark:il]lc 
of these rrininplts \vits at the Winter Car^h-n Tlir^Lirfz in New VorU, wlnTi^ he; 
attest Maiiilet. Ui fnrpe and ever-inertJiiln^ [tudieiiijes for over one liujitl'^d ^lue- 
«sEive nights, iliai i^ from Noi^embiJt ai, 1364^ to Maruh j4, iSSs- On |hi^ 



EDWiN uuuxw. 



BTS 



dctasion a gold nitdal ^vas p^cft^n^c^t ro the aclnr by ft-iends and jidn^irtrs in New 
Vorlvj llic; ]\^\ c>( siibscniJLf^ hacliKlin^ ihc mmc^ uf nuiuv WL-JL-known t;it]- 
hi*:iih% riji; \^"[^l^^^ tljultiii TliLiinif wj>. ni.iauictJ lu' UoolIi .irtJ lii^ brolluT-tn- 
Ir^-v, the citvcr actor, J, S- Chrkc, uiinl I!"|jlK InmhitIii 4>[it Cbrke amj nK.um<id 
i\\iz L-ncar'^ MUtMyi^tni^L^i hiriijit'lf, ]ti i^^fij tlic wariMc irajjudi' uL:i:urrocl U'hich 
Uialiii'tl Uouih'-^ \\-ho]ti wticrAii^. :"iJ [i^r ^i rijiic L!rcJ^>: ham from llur itLiyc, Ift 
<lij hcjv Jtt :iy^3ik lj]ii11 iSftij ; jn aBft7 Llic [ht.iLri^ ^h^Ai> dcsLroycJ En" fti'd>. .md iii 
iS6S lliL* iJoHitrr-iitai^L- of ^i nt!W ImllLiin^r, it^ l^t t:nuivu ns B<m[IVi '[lie.UrL-, ii-js 
lifj, aiiJ iu 1 *^lut■t lime New York ivhIJy Jn jMsse^ion, for ilif first thiic, oi a 
thorauchly .ippoiiHud, cumfortiiblc. zin^l iMiid^oniu tlii^LUn;^ This builcLin^r ivas 
minli/ famoLi:^ l>y a nitnilj^rr of SEiukiiTijiL-^trfHin n^viv'jli tlizit U.tr ^lc^lllty, tniiciicfi' 
ccucCh hIuiI ^l:cllic pnttry hni^^ Wij hdict^p mrvtr bcxji i;<ni,^lk<|. Wt lIuliInl il 
" IL^mkV' 'JulJiisCn;str/'or " Ruimnnind Julkr," li.ivi: tvcr |jcx-n prt^iitwE li-itb 
nJvr<;sntij>(ymyccNrnf]k^:n(^ tothcL-yt zcnd to thf iau-i-^iiuLiocs ilir]n in this theatre 
by Mr. ISuoth nnd hiscotup^ny AliUau-^^h ihc iln^-urc was in i^.-^i^EcnCc (or cliir- 
tccii wjn^, fmn^ t^^Jj!^ tr^ ^aSi, when it w:ts (ii^iiUy tlti^dn Mr- tio^th's trninqijc- 
jTiL-nt JA^CL^d DTily -ihjQLEt hLil[ LiMt t^lnL^ The <?f^eni]Lirion wvis not a Turtunntc cmt 
for the iicc^jT i flat t--^ ^?tl1■5^^ :i(e lip all [lii; profji-j, and Mr licMH]] was 1>aTfckri]|7i4:cl 
by l]L^ l^cntLLn:, I k |P:liJ :ill lii^ di:l>t_S hoive^^Cr, Jnd WXViX briicrlv to Wfirk to 
build |qp :l ntrw lo^lunu Uc iiinisk hI tour of rhi: Soutli, ^^liicli ^vas one Itii^g 
oVdiiLOii, tirtd in a ^uL^on of cjjjht ivucks in San Fa^JDci^^o Iti- tuot in fqfi^ooos 

!tj iSao he wtitt to Ko^bnJ and rciiiaintd there iwo y[:Jr>v In iSS; he vis* 
ited GL--nn.tny^ lading in htjth countries with gTi^at success, ;tn^l in i^Sj he k- 
t\iT\\^\i hDni4! ^hd jii-tde j tour or,\rni;riLNip rt:peating eierv^vhert !iig4?]d triumphs^ 
and xi'innhi^^ goliJcn opinions from all t:ljs£cs ot his couthiryiiici^. 

Edwin B(K]th dkd in N^w VmrkH Jttnjj 7+ iSg^^, it iht Rivtrs' Club, 
where Itt liad li^etl (or tlit^ Ij?; [^^w jxars of his lifer. This w^m^ q buddiitg circled 
b^' Ilia own tnunifievncu. fitted n[] ^\kh lu:cniiou5 uontpl^ttut^is, and prescntcii to 
fl society of hts pL-or-i-Jslonal hretlirttn far the use and Ichoof of hi* kllovh^-nniMit 
ftiitr^'in^ for hini-^elf only tliL- rnodcst a|>iirrnic:nt whejK Jte clio-se to lift.-, in -sym- 
pathetic toueh w'lih iho« whg ^uW pursued the nolilc art he had rel[ni]iiL$lhel 

Mr* [icjoth was twice niarried. fSy h\t lir^t wile. Miss ^J.tr>' Du;^l!n_ who 
died in iS6_^h ht liad one child, t5 dau^^hitr; by tht^ :nt^i;ODd> Mtss McVlcLct". he 
hml i>D chiidE^n- ^t>c dkd in ^ija^l- 




A 



-t^ 



B74 



AKIISrS AND ACTHUItS 




jO.SIil^K JEFI-KRSON* 



hrinisiisc "^ucLesdts ns an w^;^il^, j^ ihL' i^rtjtc^r 
fflr llii"^ pcntrrLituin c>f Lhc chan>crt*.T rtf Kip \'3iia 
WinkL- in tltf [jliiy LlMmnins^i-Tl fmtn ilic =^|i>n^ "i 
\\VLiiLigtuti Ininff's ''Sk<^lch LioL^l;/' wasthc [lurJ 
oE llt"^ [Lirnt.^ in ^ fm^iily fil" at-turi ^I'hu lirst ttf ihtr 

lit- Wnki i]iij Rtm fjEThnmsL^ Jt:lTL^rst>n. a comrnlian 
tsf nicviiH the timu-mpfH^rj* arnj Iriciid of Garritk, 
and c.inic: to t!ut^ t^mnrry n\ i 7g> n]akine: Ills fiibl 
LL[>|3Wiiiinci: in N^-w Vurk uii I'dirunry^ lo, IT^, 
in lliv pnrl (►f Sc|LtiL'L- RklurJ In ''The l^roi'Dlit^d 
llii^kLml/' !jLin!Li|i ^^>■s thaip young u:^ \^^ ws^ 
he WLisalrc^tlT' un ^rtii^tf nntl lliat amisnc t'*c "^*-'" 
fi -: |.^l^. IIh H^^i^tl H^ thk cimntn* ((K ilnrty--^ix 
anil K-^iiLitlfd a^ a maiu ilc tlit^d nt iLirrisburi;^ 



He iciliLfiu-J 



0/ Iht C5>cvi|ft^iiv lit ht^lJ till.- 
j^fir^, rtilmirt^il ,is ^m at:tLii' 
|'cnti:^yh'jLi]aH in (i^ji- 

Jo!^|>h JclTci^mT ihii SL'Cond, w^ts Jkuti in PMI.Kklpbia [n [^04 
Ihc J:kiJ^]nn^' liluc t^i^i :lihI sunny (li^|>osili[iii of his fatlitr, Iml he hzid noc Ins 
talcut Jisan iictorj hi-- i-iswit! un h:ivt: Im^l-h best in old mvn'ii p^ins. His usfc, 
howtv^:T^ 1h:J hint HP ^tTtsu-pai Lili niT tnUhL^ than Lo actinji ; yt:t his skill in uttlicr 
dlrucLLLHLi \\^L^ not i-iiuu^li tu w'm hucLt-^s, z^nJ, in ^pitc o( ^veLl-niL-inL tffojrs lie 
lived and djrd s |>nor man : ill iLii^t pui^am^r hicn tu the trtd of his days, xviiun h*: 
Wttarricil uff by yellow fev^T nil Mr>ljilL- iii lS^j. Jui^t els hli nnprosptntus. stzcL.-s 
tt^rt brighten ln^^s liltlc. Eiis^ion tjt;:ifJi affijelionat^; witntrss rolhc npnyht Jiiirji> 
ter of iIk mun ^ml tn Ins -ndoniilz^hk- ehi-LrfidnttsTL in ilit.^ most riilvcriL^ eircuin- 
fllanccs. Hl ji]hatL^l no pains in brln^in;^ np hi^^ children in gtW ^v^yjt, i*nd he 
was tiamt-^tk scfcondnjd by his wile, 1 liemic; figure in her Ininthk sphtrtTn whose 
met and coiin^j^e not seldi^rn snved the Family hiitl; whtjn it was ilnfthfcS! in sht?al 
water. ^[^^ JelTer^on cjnje of I'rcnch paixntSr ^ii^l w.is a Mrs, Uurke. a widow 
with oiie child, a son, when yhe m.LrrJed Mr. JelTeraon. II^T-^n iclls us thai 
she had U-tn one of [lie most attncti^T; ^tati in Amuiica, the k-idinp prima 
di^nna o( iht country ; bm she bore her ehanljed fortunt, at the wlf^j oi an un^ui;- 
KSgful aetor and mimn^tr, with no less djynliy on the Maye of rtal life, vvhtF^ 
no appliustf w.Ls to Ijl^ hid hut what canic ffytn iho^e who loved her as molherp 

m(^, Eind friond. 

This, then, xvas che family circle hi which our Joseph Jefferson psSied his 



ctnilica: ycais^ the formiitivc |m!od of his life. There were tlic l..ind-hi^itrti;d, 
L'^sy^goJug father^ tliu practlcnln energetic inothi^rn a sisli^r, and tiit hLiff-ljroilu;r, 
^'^^^t■lts liurk^:, ^vlioso nrrc;r-re]5i]Miiuii ns an actor li^'t^iti the pages t^E Jt!lT*:!^c>Li^s 
j^utobtograpliy cEi^hrirttJ iti word^ nf ^^'-^\.nx\ but juditioos ^ipprt^ciatlon. " .\l- 
Thtjicgh onl}- a haU'lffOLher/' Sii>'S JpfTcFi-yn, ^'Hl: iC€;iiit(1 like a Jadii^r to me. and 
■diCfc ^^^s fl Jeep artil strange affcciloti bLtwt:*:ii us*" Kor must mc^i^tlon Ijt: for 
^rwn of oiiL- Liih^r meanht^rof tlii^ Dmily : Moj'Vf 5^'^ f(i5ti^]"-nn>thor, a& Jt:ffcrH>n 
nfTecEioa^iitely ci^U'^ h^r, " a failhfut, Fo^'cn^^, trLithful fric^chd^ rather th^n a Ken'anc^ 
with no amhuion or tliougliF for herself^ li^lc^g Qrtly forus and totally uncor> 
sdous of huT owQ cxisttinctf." 

Joseph JiiJTcr^oLi, [he ihird of the name, and in u'hflm the tEilent oFhis grand 
fatlitr ivas to reappear enricln^d with addcJ^l graces ot Ln> own, was bom Jn Phila- 
delphia in [3^^ He EeLls us tint his c^^ltiuj^ rccolk-ctii^ns are ccnneercd with b 
theatre in Wn^hingion. TJiis u^as a ritkety, old, fmniL^-lnnl^ling zidjoining the 
house in x-L^hieh his fallier lived us ma^iagtifn the door at ttie end of the liall-^iay 
0[H;nmt! directly upon the staij^;; and as a toddlinir III tie cliap in a short frfict lie 
Vrsts iill^j^cd luiJ run oi the jjlaee. Thus "' behind tlic sceiu-s " tvas his Crnl play- 
pjQUtid ; ctnd heir, ^'\i\ this hir^i; tind dusty toy-hhop madt for ehiidreii of j hi get 
g;row[h/^ he pot hi^ hr?t cxinrienee. lie was ejriy aeciL^omed to f.Lee Lin ^luiLi^ 
eniiL^ ; f^r, hr:[iij; Iht^ yjn tjE the ninna^T and almost It^ing in ihc ihcafirfn he was 
dlivay^ pre:^i^d inlu the t^niec whc.never ii small ehihJ un^ ^vanted, acid " (►fltn 
WL'rtt Oil thi^ sIeu;*: in lony i^UulHr^ii fis 4 proj^Tty infjnt in i!rt>Li|is nf hiip]iy pi-a^ 
aiiiry/' His rirst Jicn |-CE;4^||L;cti4jn of syc^h a public yppeflncricc is as che " t^hild/' 
]n Ki3iyi'lnji.''H |j|.!i. " f'iKjTTMH^' who is carried acrip^ the hridj^ Uv UuHil Mffi 
nest .i|jjHL'.nani_t: w^-^ in n new c^ntL-ttuinmt^nt, L^iltcJ " Ll^'in^ SiLtiavTi,'' ^vIkt*^ he 
siiLiek attLtiidu±^ as " Aj-t.^: Defying tPfct; f-ri;;hlaiin^" or "'^rhe laying Gladipior" 
At fcjur yeais isf jgc lie: ]n:ide :^ hit J>y ai^tompanjin^^ T, Dh l^ii.^^, the ori):^ina| 
^' J[ni Cr^v," as a miiiLiUtire Lr.Yp^ of ihat once fan^ou^ charaetcr^ and tl^ TirH 
money hi^ earned wms tliij ^utn nf ^124 ilm^wn ujiuii the stjg<j in silvf]' fioni pit 
^nd g-hdli^ry, tu I'owanl Iil^ chdd!^ diLLuhsi^ atid i^in^ing on ttiat occasion. 

Thus ctrly ^^xddcri to the sta^j^n JuHl^i-^oh folloivLid the fortunes of fns family, 
anil led with thtm a wandLrhijLi; life for many yi^ars^ growingk hy -^It^w ile^rtes and 
con^t^^nt, vaiitd pnieiiee, to the in^ifeciicin uf hi^ prime, hi iKjS iifs fsith^r !i?d 
Iht llncii tcN CinujL^, ju^t then Kt'owji from an IndiLni villj^e ttf s\ thri^'infi fsliiec 
of two thtjusind inhnlMtnntSfc \\^liere he wiis to join Uh hrijt!]tr in the maiiage- 
mt^nt of a nc^w tlicatn^^ then hnildin^. JeETerson^s aeconnt of iht j*>Mmcy it a 
strlkln;^' picture, nt onue ninusing and p^ilhetic, l>F tlie j-lunpts ilinU htivc hccrt 
wrought Ly fiftv ^fiiT-^ The real |5r[VHiti<jns anil liiird^hc|>ii nf the trip ari: ^^4:3lcd 
i]i [Jic acfor's ^lory hy hi^ [^ni^-t humc^r and hij> di^j^c^i^itioii to l^-l- ever^'thiE^^ in jt 
ehi:erful li^^ht. Always i|ui/;£]ng hisowtt jcjiithful fullLL-^^ '^^ ejnnut eonccal fron? 
us hy i^ny miseliie^^oLLS aiiucdotc-s hi:^ c^suiiil.i] >j>»r)dnes-; of niituiv^ his incny help- 
fuliu^ his unsullliah ilei'otio]i to the welfare of tho other^s or the plnek with 
which he met the aceirlents of this iciiieranl life. F^^^Fn Chfcvtgf?, whi;rt iheir 
saceeb.^ ^^~as not bnLliant, tlie fainiLy ^vent hy stage to ^prtngfieid, %^'herep ly a sin- 



*.s -^ 



^uLr diniu-L-, llHv^^tirir Tt^H:cn-ci fmrii flic dUQ[^_d^ tlsC^tt^niM ^h*.^m in thct^us- 
iiiy of iltt iliu^iiri.* l^y J muiiLL:l|>:k| lj\\' mimpi^ up in rhcr iiiLci'cst of n^liLii^jus 
jv^ivLilisiSj hy iIlc nclnMtne^^ cnI .l voxnig Igwytr who pro^'wl to be nuiiL- <]tlicT 
Ehtn Abruliiim UfiluIi^. hi McrngjIiiT^ i^^htn 'mJ Imsinus^ hnil closed ihi: theft-" 
trc^ young J^Fftrsuii'^ jiluci: .md rtntly wit ^\\i\ i\\^ (uinily purse tioin tihsultui; 
colfapse. A diy imlin.inct' Ju^l (urn pHjwtd, n^ffciiniiu tltiT nil ciirtSn d^■;3J■:^ ^nJ 
put^ltc vclh]^:^:^ ^hoLiJiL I^l^ thLiiiilhLiL^L ; stud the Imjv, licorinj; of tliii^r call^tL ^t ilJt^ 
m;tychf\ oeIiv^.-, ^lehL^ C!:tpbLi]fng ihii ^IlujLluii th^iL Imc] Ljb]i>!cd his LitltLT to ex- 
ch^Li]]^ ncrHijv for siuii'paiLiting, applk^l In IiIj; i^iitncr f^jr \W ccmliiict for ]j:iintln^^ 
tlir niinilh^rv— .111(1 obrnintd il ! Tht nciv ititkisin- fLaMUKlK-Ll L.ttliL.-r ^iid i-on with 
n nic^ntli's w<?rh, ^ind sQiiic johs Lit sJ^n^Eaijirlta^ Jii^likiJ .^tU\ Jiirtlicr to mnikL- Hfe 

t'fD]!! Jlcrflphi:^ ibtr faniily ii'i;nt to MoMlCn wlit-rt: i\iL^y hojicf) trt rtst nfler 
Chfiir l^^nK^^'^^^(*■■>"^sp^ ^n^l wJitrL: \x uasstiso hopc^l ilitrchlldfcn, Jci^^iali tititl his sis- 
ItTp mi^Hir lit; |Jut [[> ^r;hrHiL Hut Tht^yclLOlv (i^^'<T wa^ t=4>iilK iia AEohilr, niicl ihcv 
hiitl iiecti fi] Hit" City Niily ;i rurcniH'ic iviirn Af n Jt:(rc'r^ijit ^vii^ Litt^kt^J hvihe lif-^ 
e.i^i^:hnij ilat-d- In Mohrl^!, \^k ^Ucy;^^(y^ Mftn- ilitid, and Mr-^ Jcfiti^on WEis Left 
ftl<H!r ro cjri! fur liL-i^t^lr jnd Iii-t tliijttrcn ^s shu c^mld. She h^d no kpn^r a 
h*.-jri for .^L[iti^v. -iiid ih*^ dtciilLil ^^ njn-n a Imtirtlin^fjoLtsi? !or iicLij]'*!^ ^^^liilc 
]o^t|ih and hlii sisft^r cnrrit^ j snull iiijivncl by vuncLy work in iht^ ilK-jrro. 

More ycjK of hardship fulJou^cif— j!il- \rlo o( mother nrid ^JJltld]^n i^iuli^rbig 
over the coiicitr}^ south .md ivc'^t : iak Mi^sslppi .'Mtd \k-^kc>, s^-cing bfc in :ti1 
t[^ fiUm ^ hW IL1 liiL:k i^tid i!Ls.L|P|ioiinin^]ii, ^^-itl] fi^int [flrJinS^ c»f hmc^c^t^ here aiid 
thcK-. I^n[ ]ik4.il[3u :lII wiih J s|jLri[ of ^ucli 4Llu?c:rful bni^LTV Et^^ ni^ikr^i the d.qrk- 
4>st c\|j^-ij4 iii:<: yield n [ik^Lsuru Jn tht LclLing. ^urdv, h mlL;hL?:ofLCia \h^ ht.^rf of 
thL^ ^o^irij^t eiic^niy of the: stnge la n^d [hr spirit i(i i^'Ji[L-!b ihi^ Taifiify jraet the 
lont^iintiiiuL'rl urcissrs i^f tht^ir F^rofL-.^iinnal life, 

Jf»sc]>h JtjTkTs^jn U"lls the stoiy of hi^ career 50 modestly, ihir if k hard to 
cjii^eove: jicsL wiicii k w^s LluL ^lec^s:^ iii>.t ho^ian to titin ^h siniliiii^ fjct upon hi^ 
ClTortA Yet It woui^l serm as if^ fnr himsdf. The day hrohc whun he crn^-itcd the 
pan of Afti Treiichflrd in " Our Amenc^in Cousii].'' lie snys tJiat up l<^ 1S5B, 
W'ltti hi: JlcLivl I hilt pnrt, ht-' h-fc^l lirtTi .iIwlli"^ more nr Ic^ rt "k'cjMiniHe" =tt:tor, 
that i^, oni! iih^N ims hk fibtc with ofhi^T^ m j ?itoek ct^mpHtnyT und »*^ver thuiks 
of liini-^eif K ^in indiiidiifll nnd sluylc nlltEielion— ci ^tJ^t, u.^ it is ealicd. Whik 
ci^^^^'d with tlil^ |fiirt. it '>i[[]dcrnli' iH^currL^d to bim tiant in jhtrtin^^V^ Tt^^i^eh^ird 
fyu harl, for IJ14: tb^U tinii! ici Itl^^ hi- -n :1k SiAffC^ SjKjIsen Ci p.ttllLlEt: iTJIL-L^h ; u\> U> 
thh^t tbiiL! Ljli Wbtli hiL'n h^id k-c-c4 \a2\i' 4_omedy. Xcjw bi.^ Jijid Et?miil hi pArL fn 
wliltrh bu Lould riWA'4.' bis nudttruce tf? tf-Lits ;j& well su .vmile^ Tlil^ \\-a^ in Www d 
delightful dl'^ov^-ry. niul Iil^ hioheil itbovl. for n iicii' |ji)rt tn ^vhi^li he eotikl n:jjL-bit 
tiw. c-j^perlmL^ii. (iw^ ±\y in sumTiK^r^ a;» he lay in tiK- loft of a l>arn rc!ading in u 
l^ok he wtll t^df--^ deli^JitfuL ''krrt." Ijiiny'^^s " Li^^ and I^cLttrs of Wn>hirTycrin 
IrWng/' he Lejrncd th^it the ^rent wntj.r iind Jtvi^ih him aet the part of GoldfinuU 
in Holcroft's " Ro.id ro Ruin/' and llut iie ri:Tflin*led hLm of his RmndfathcTn 
loSeph Jt^flersonf " in lookn gesture. shi\ and mal^t:." Natm^lly pleased to find 



L-^' 



FTtoT^ niFr 



'^^^r-^^- 






'■^.»' 1 




mctit, ivfien the ^^ Sketch ilocik ' tiiid [hi: sioij- ofRiji v^n Winklt Ginit sudrl^:!)!)^ 
into hL^ mtnc!. ^^Thtfc^r-as Lo nu^" Ii4^ ^snu^^ "iti^rIc in the souml of ihe ti^tn*? 
as [ TC|itiJttfl it. Wliy yri^ iHir thi> tho vcrj- tlinricur 1 ^v.HittfJ ? An Anierltin 
isi^TY by nn Amcritqn Jiurhur was suwlv Just tht thuig auiit^ [t> ;in Anttricnii: 

act£>rr ...... 

Thcri: hact hr^^n chrct m fotir pkys fnund^on This iKjn, but JclTcrson says 
(1i:^t tiortf o( ilnm wtrcgc^L3<lH ^f1sr:LL|K^ Jinrf Tii^ liiilMt-oLlKT liFiit acrtni (he |>3irt 
liclon? Inm, l^it notlun^ ifkit hi^ Jtiist-nilicnjd gavr hiJii ^ny hojvt th^l h*.' could 
in.iki.- AgooJ i>tAy cmt of e.xisiing in.irL'fid, Ik thcri^j^ure went lu ivork to co[i- 
siFiJt!! 3t ]>lEiy (or hiiiiSL'liH =ind hi^ ^tory cjf how he dkl it, tolJ In tira |^4Hts of hfe 
Luxj^H .in<l with ihe inosl uni:cui^iuu^ tiir in tlir ivurldn reix-als thL^ whi>|t: -iwrct 
or Jelkison's actiiii;: iis liumor .mil |?^tho& *ajh(lv ininpkdfc its Jetp liumanttVp 
il5 pure ijottry— the i^f;^ni]>Laiii.^ of dju.iliLics, i]i tint, thnt make it tht; tno^t pt^ltcl 
as ti'cll ;t^ the niosr original pnnlitct uJ" the Aincritnn stage. 

Vet [he |J1^yH^-■i'a^ in tht: (nrm he j>:>vu it, dkl ul>i satisfy him, nor did it mukc 
the irtipr4:s*iiou jn Arfli^rit-M tliat he desired. Jt \x"a*i- ]i[]t tmMI five ycrai^ kitiir thjit 
Dion Hc^LtLLLsLLjlr, in i^undon, reini-ide it for JelTorsiiii ; mid [t avus m thnt citv it 
Brst siw thi^ llHht in JL*; iiL-\h- £orm, Se|mmher ^^ iSfi^n Ic wa^ at oni:c sitcccsiful, 
and liad a run uf on4^ hundred jnj St:i^enty-fivc nlglits. 

With liis A^t Treni-lurJ ^mJ hi^ f^ip ^^^l Winkk- h^'ill cv^r he associalcd in 
the hiving niLmury fjf pljiy^oLirs i\\^ iJoJj jVtrc^ in ^ltL^■]ilJn'^ " Kivuls," thoci^hi 
hy niinr tch he his L^pltjl [i-irt— ji person! iicHitioti where nil the k^illcs ol the 
woLtld-bi: niin-of-iliL^i.vorld; hii ^lE-oon^ek, his hru^, liis cchwurdiiie, rtc It^tiS* 
fornn-d into ^nrtutK and c^jHiv-tu- nm Pn-.^rts. dis^olvc-d in the briinmtn^^ humor 
wlim-j^ yet ncvcT QV*;rtlo^\^s tlit: jns[ ji^LJsnr4.*, *^ ikj^eucrjiing into JdrLt^ 

|l^:u^■(^■n thcr t^o prodiLctcon^ i-^t ki|i van l^'iiihle in New Votk ;ind in 
Londcm, Jefferson had liad many stmn}.rti L-.-ip^-rieneL-s Pl]& wifu died in ]ft6p, 
and he hrotc tip his honseholJ in Kcw Vork. and It^vinp thrtie of his ehildret) 
rit Jic:hocN| in that city, ht left homi. wiih has ddcsE son rind i^"ent rtJ CalifurotL 
Alter HCCJnn in ?^iu Fr;inci?c<j, he >jiled [or Auiifalifi, ^i^here ht \i^s v^-armly 
received ■ thcn^Je went to tlie otliijr l{riti^] coloiiii^s in thnl r*^L<]n, louehetl cm 
his rcrturta ni Lini^i ^lu^t C^Hau nn^l PHni:inia, ^t which j^hice hL tuok :i saiJin^' 
packet Tor Lonilon, nind after hi^^pn-at success in iii.it nicv rLiLirned to America 
tn TJJ66. In [£67 ht: JiuirrieJ, in '-'hiw^Jn Mi^^ ^.itjiIl \\\LrrLiL, rtnJ s^incp thit 
time his Hfe Ims Ik^wi-cL on m as cten ^trcanin ha|j]>y in nli its jelinLCins. private 
fincl ]>»hlic. cri>wntd wiih honoi^, not of a ^.ludy or hriJIiaiit kirKln hut solid 
atiit L-^duTint,^ His art is hencefortli |>:irt and jK^ret! of the rich treasure of the 




*■ - -A 



378 



ARVISTJi AND AUTHORS 



A DELI N A PA'ITE 




A 



tv>:JS?S-'ii:t' f^f opinion plaMS thw tli^L^)^ll^^le^J ar 
listc at l)it head of nil licr compci^is, [lir il ciiay Ik 
rrifclv snid tliat sht h the ^^^iJrhltsl stsir si'iiitli Im^^ daz- 
zled Lhu mii?^it::i1 nrni.siiii^nt (Itiiin^ ^l^t^ p=^^t Li-^l^ ixtitiiry^ 
nnci, j^ fljH In cht ^'ory Ktiiilli f^f Ii4^r iiot>ntb}' spktiilor. 

cnhanccJ nS tlils is by Illt c^tl^^:^ riELtiir^il Eitul atujictivff 
,Mtriljutt:.S ^^1*= "ilt;l^i iilinojil h*:H*:vc Ili^il ntiilititipalos 
h^\t: siirrtjutidrj ih-: urnJlc pr42sidi:d o^-i-r Uy Eyurpe; 
iot ncNi-r h:ia hird suii^; ,^> ^ii'i.t:Ely as iliu ^Ifitii sLil^jizct 
t*f in)" tsii^niulrH ai]d while lli--- I-.iIa:s siniliid ^ju t\\^ birth 
&f llicjir fii'urtlUfc dij^tjui^ lo become Llic iinravallcd 
Quci^n oi SoitK throupliotis tht c:ivtliKai worlil, [jcinLifitl natures inifiht t(>rtC42ive 
a pociical vIsiqUh sLch( 1^:1hi1J Miilpomtnt with Ikt iitL giavc tycs luc-iiliiifcy iiiLo 
licr tht spirit o( irngi;Jv, mul Thjliii^ vvitii ln:r |:tu^htii^ nmili:, wdtpmifig a ^^iiltd 
dh^ijik bv wlnjjit Rctiitis h^r lift ii^as in li*.- r^^kliLctlcd in il^c (iir future* 

JM (ht: yc^ir iSfit iliiJi^ airivuil in Tri^HLuid a yociiij; sinj^-r wlio^ accom- 
piniird liv hz^^ Urx>Eln^r-iLi-ljw, mok apurlnn-'iia^ iti NoiJf>lk >iliL^c^ Sltjnd. The 
^>iiiiig Lady, then ouW ^LVOut:Ln, scAifihl Mr. Fn;duiicfc Gj'cJh wiio \\'as ihc ka^CC 
ul iKi; Rnvil IwllaLi Optir-v Ifir his pLrjtiiisioLi ttj sinp at lii? llic^ttre, voJufr 
tL'triE]!; U3 cJo soy;>r M<?fAi^, TliL^ pITcrivas Jl lirsi ah^alLitiily dcoiiiu^clH but Sub 
st€(ii™tly iliii y<jung artiste aHtcT-xdcJ^ -nid mnilr h^^r first LippLiirjincc: ^m May 
14, iK6t, a^ Artiina in liLllinis upcra of - l-^i SounanibuliH" Uiihi^raidtd by any 
pruviuus ncitict, slu- whjj ihcrn iPtnlly t^nknoivn Lrh tlie English j>ubllc. N'o[ a 
sylkbli; iiad rciichcd th:tt tounlry of lu^r anLGa:dcrul«or fame. T rciflcmlM^r jjtring 
present on lb*: oucj^iioci whew ihls jonlhfiil canliitrkii tripjKid ]ig^H^y on to the 
trntrt of iht; sL:i[!L^ Xot Li -sintcli^ ii^nd wu,^ tiii^-c1 to i^actt Iut, ncr a slulihJ oi 
WH-koni*^ t-sttnclud to triosurit^v l!ic ynunR firiULo. The audiiicci: of Covcnt 
c:i,u 1(1:111 u^uidtv fL'st-rved, oxcopi to ol<k.^i=J>lisbcc] fai^oriirs, sftmtd ivnppcd in 
nuu^ th.m their conventional coldness on thiit |>^nticiilar L-vt-ningn Ere IiJng, 
ho^vcvtr, \\\tic^\i bL-forc; s\tv ha*I linishi^J tlio o|HiiinE sirin, w clsan^t manift-^tcd 
it^tlf in th*: fuLliit^s of all |ir4;"^i>U Thu A^s^Jffws IcHilii-J rouiwl i]i [L^tonisbnifiut, 
jnd pLopIt iiijar inc sdmo^t ii*^ld tiscir breath in aniEt^rfinienL The s€;t."OtnJ act 
rol]t>ivtd, .iLhd to surpi-lsc qtiii;kly succeeded deliKi", for ^vJLL]n in tlic ihlrd aet she 
threw all ht!r \vjt:sL! and dniiniitie power into Ihi^ isitlodlons wailini; flf ''^A w^ 
rrr^/m," witb tth iNrilhjnt iit.-€|u<^l, ".-J4 wt>w ^^"nj;^-/ the enthusiasm of the audi* 
em;e forgot all iKtriction, Jinid bur^t intij a qH^nii^ii^oLis shout of applaust, the 



ADELfKA PATTE 



m 



penT'Up fervor of ihc zi^sr^rttlili- cxplodinK in n ringirtgcheer of accliunaiiiHi nirelv 
hcjid ivitliin tlit avails <if i]it Royiil lulhu 0|)cr,i fF^uK. Tin: h^rpinc of ilic 
entiling wTfs Adeiiii:! Pjtii. ^vIiq Lh<:rLi;c(uriv:ird hfecjcni.- ihc idnj] of iht musical 
world. Whan I kf[ lln: [l^^-irri; ilni uvtninjt, I lji:tjiin; con&ciotia ilui n course 
of (ascirijiion [ij<l coinnn3iiC(?d iif a iiio^l umvoiiH^d ii:iriin;: one ihai ncilhei 
tim*: nor cii,iTigH^ hns modlfiud, Lul wliicb ijirct dtt;idt^ ]iij\<^ ncti-cii only lo en- 
IvHlCc ?nd JnictiiJE/. 

Ai [he Cfmclusfon of titu perform iinci:^ Mr, Gjc winc on m ihc ^tti^^r uiH of 
thu cxdccrin:in which prevniiad in J^c iJiojm-, ;frn( lie iinrrn:iJi,iulh' tontlud^J ;in 
eni^gi^incUL wiih .Mlic. Paiii on thi: icrii]« which Jiad Iil-lh piAiou^y Liflrecd 
hifiwccii thcmi tliciii: btin^ iJial -Milt PaiEi wjs lo itci'i\t nt ilic r^K of ^150 
B monili foi ilitcr ^-cais, :ippijrli;.i: rwki' cjch wi.l diuiii^ ilic season, ur j[ ihe 
raicof aiiom /^r; fori^cli ihTffinimnejj. Mr, G>v also oir^-i^d hci- Uk ium of 
/acQ il ^c n-oi[|il CTjiiscnn 10 sine cxclifr^ivoly ac Covciii Ginlcn. 

Pmti ropfuriid ht.T perfoMiiantf: tif Amin.i ei^ht tfnic^ diicing ilic Ka^n. ;jna 
Buhiitqucmly confirmed Jiur sin^ca b/ her offiuiniiiiou of Liufiji, \'joknn. Ztr- 
Um, ^Faiiha, and Roiinn, 

Having ma v'|ih,siri:h iin|ircci:dtiiiLjr succcis Thwij-htmi Mic J.oinl(kri siiisoii. 
M]lu'. Riui wjs offtriil :in cfijvjirc'niL'ni lo sin;;^ ai [lit [|;diin 0])l.'[4 in Piiris^ 
wlhCrc Liiiusiial ciiriosiiy iiT^ iiua3iciH;([ f^jnceminy hi-r. ll^tiyonL i^ nw.irc [hat 
the Parisiiins do noi ^dmit sin A]tisi To h.: n i:f [chriiy uniJl ihvy kjv<j llniintdvt's 
ecl;nohvli:dp:d iL A| PaHt^, nficr l^k■ iiini act, ilit scKsa[ion was ln<lc*,cri[.iiilc!, 
miiiicljiis. ministcrsH poeifl, and fii^hioiijliii: lieuiKits all coiituriini; lu iht gtfi> 
CTcil choiu^ of acclaniaiicin - v.-hi]<- [he i:tniAl Airl" r. [he tonipus^r of « m^iny 
di:]ighrful operas, and o]ii.- of the grc.Hiisi aii[lii.Hfj<:s by hi'i ixperinni:e und judg- 
muni, on all mutlca] maircrs. vv-n'i so tnch;nn[i:a ihai he dirclared shi; liad mado 
him yiiLing a^\i^, and for ^\r,il day« lie tould -icarojlj' rait on .my niher i^uhject 
bui Adeliiia Pa[|i and opora. The coiii|in:nr ilit Ind acliiiii'id wjrli rhc Eii^ll^h 
public w;L'i ih[i5 triumpiiaml;' nirifttd by liic tvattlng :i[id urliical mtniljiir^ uf 
miL;.ii;nl sclcEy in Paris. 

Aiiik Jn.in Xhria t^irti, accnrding lo her own sraremimr, ivliich iJic ielj[td 
10 liw f>aci.n fsah^lla of Spjiji, wi^ luiin al Madrid, on Tchrujry ig, 1845, Jiid 
13 ihe youiigts[ danirlirer of two fiimoiis lialiaii sini.'eiv, Sjjjiior Sak'arore Pjiiii 
and Signora P.^Ti-Uarili. The ^isaor having pljiud her iwij ^i^icr;;— Aniali^ 
who sulftt^iinjiiily marricil Maurii:e SinikKicfi, ifur wiH-knEf^^n imprcKnio, and 
Ciiilo[[Li, iilno a vQc^li'^t of Tjm:>rkLdi|L' pwkvers— in a hu:irdinp-«litinl al Milan, 
mcni 10 N'ti\- Vork wiih hi& wife and tlnughi'^r, wIiitp ilicy leniained umil Ade- 
line reachL^ siyrer:n. 

Adeliiia l^nii liul Ifnrdy nrached [he age (►f ihrct years when *iliu was hciifd 
hiirnniiiiL^' and singing; llie nirs hiT mother ,'3ng, 

Thu child's voice wi3 njttirally w (legible (hai e^-ccijrivc difficultit-s were 
fliivay? (fa^y rn lux, Lind, Imfore siie had allaintd her [limli ji:.irr.|ie cotild e^ceuje a 
prolongied shake ^vith fluency. Her father ntkt Ikuiny; prti5|H:rinu?a[ ih^: T-inien ii Lc- 
CJinen ncce^iiiiy f(>r Jiini lolook fur su|j]H^rt [n his Jiiiln; AdelJiij, who had sho«-o 



I;, 

_ b -I 



£ui:l> rc]ttark^l>lf: pn^ifliK: ; and, actorrliia^ly, she litpan [& [akjc siting lessons— 
nur, its is Htau-J jai ^Fi-iH-tr's ^^ Di^:tioH.iry c][ Musician^" Irom Maurice Slrikostlv 
hut fn>m EL Frcrttls kiJy, 5u^l■9c^^■:l^t^)■ ?ilLidyin=; ivicii her slvip-bnilhtn; liElort Ua- 
rili, ^vho u'us ii f-jni(»isKirin>n*: iii^r^ hut natuiv l>ail l>t:rn si prodigal of her 
gifl^ Itp rhc t-hiltl lliat ^hi; ntiTr undtrLook j Ecriini^ cnur^c "t jiUJlIj, Imt, as she 

\vt>LL]il hian: naid plitv the ]wirt f^l XonnaL ^inn! kncr^v Thi^ M■iH^ll^ of tin: ivoi^ls and 
inu-^lr; ijf Eiosit^.l^^:^n; htriJiiic rhf Ho&^iiii's inin^ortal ''II lS:trliK^rcili ^i^iRlia," She 
&inH jJt Viiriou? conei^'rts in ililTi.-t^iit c\i\xis, until p3ic r4.^ithc;d the ligc yf liv^clvp 
and zi l]:t]f, ^rliiii Ihjj" carcxj" tva^ lonJ[Jt^t^]fJ^y intuinjj^fL^ln /<]r M-turit-i: Sinikosch, 
ob^c^r^iti^ (lit riiiiiaxiji fflt^cf ihe continuous ^luin lljm^h litr dt^lio-^ii: voicc^ wjs 
\^^rkEiij;. in^i^rcd ti|ic]n licf JiMonliniMny &in;!in); -ihiii^i-'iltL't'. ^^'InL-h ndvict- shv 
h^ippilv follcnvcd. Atti^r tins inrerval i^f [^ra y^^f^' siU^lk*^. and h-tviiii^ oiniuiged 
fmm ilw %^jmd*;r-chilil lo llkt^ youny Llc■r^^-l*i. she rt*.tjniiin:iiCH:d liur 5tu<lic5 un- 
dcf ^]. SlniktN^li, Jind very ,^on rifu-r^v-ird WhI-^ enij^ngtd in smg on u regular 
sLjat\ Str^kc^sth travL-lkd villi litr anci CioiL!=HLhj1k, iIll^ irinnii^L througli the 
Ui^itH/il Statics, duriiiy Lhc- hmi- givuij! u nkiLiabcrr of coiiui'rr^ ^vitii i-aryinp linnn- 
cijd rc-^ultf^; LillianaLn^ly reluming to New Vork in 1^39, wliurc iht^ ^ipjic-irtd at n 
concj:rtof wlikh //ir AVfl' JVif //^j lt /y <?f NovenilHT jJ^th yii.*:^ tKc follnwinj! 
iv>tic4^ : '^ 0\\^' a[ [hi! mt*^t Tcmarknhk' cvtnli^ in tlK^ opt^ratk" lii*^fon- tjf the mt-- 
Lroptili^i, or even uf iIk- hv-ifld, lia^ taken jslzice ditrin); the Ijst ivLet jt the Ac;id- 
cmy or Mii^e, Mile. I^ttl ^nj; the niad secnt fnnfl Luci:! in i^ueh a supeib 
niHinner 3^ to *itic- up tKe audionco to tfic hcjriitijt ^Ic-rncMK^rmnons of dtJi^^htH 
The suc<;ti-^ of this arlhtc, educated and rL^red .LinoLig u^, htis tn^de ei-er^hudy 
Inlk or her/ Tai tliu frjllcjwing y^-^r, Str.tktiseh considered the liniL^ li^d arrived 
forhtr io appear in Ulitoik^ Ik actonlinj^'Ly brought his y^^urtg iwoLe^i^ to 
EeieI-lr^I^ ^vUIi the result I have aliXn^dy uiitntptcti ttf dc^rihe. 

After singing in l^n^lon nind l^ri*^ l^lli ^vas cnpnEc^ t<^ Lippcar at Berlin, 
ll^Li^^els, Mosemv, ^nsiL S], Puterihuri;, at ^vliich latter city entliuslA^in reached 
ii:^ elnn.is, wlicn "u ocje ot(;^t^iyu ^hc ^vn& caLkd heloce iho curtain ncj (ewtr 
than (ortv timei Ont N.vhcj wa-i wish hor thi^rc clurinn her last vi^I^ wiite=si 
" llavinfi ht;en ^I'itnc^^of .Vdi^liji.i's tiiiiny triiLmjih^ and i>f 15utlu^i^s^3f i]ithi]si[i3ini 
Liord4;rtnj;tEiHjii miHtness, I did not ihitik that greLiCi^r deinons(ntH]nsw*Tt|jo^*iifjle. 
I \ir.'\'-\ prchrc]UiwL1h- inisr^^]^, ho^VLi^ur, for the i>t. Pol.t]-ibtir|i ]inhlit (at surpi^cd 
anything I U^v<^ Jiten l>eforc. On Adeline's nights extraordinary prolit^twera 
made. Plat^i^ for th^ ^^^dllery weiv ^]^^ for trn roubJfs eacli, while stalls xvcre 
cjuitkly di^pMCtl of for a hundred r^iuhles each. The cinpcror and cmijrcis, 
wjtii the whale ef^LLrt^ took part in the hriHiint reception" actOrdtjd to Patti^ and 
fluwers 10 the ainonnt of six thousand ruuhlLS were thmwn at her." 

Thai ^he lias heen literally worshipjied froni infaney lap^vnrd l:^ 011I7 a natural 
Consi^quenec of her unfiurpaE^Kihk gifK ^nid no-Lvhtre has this ftchng maniEcsti^d 
Itself to -^Lich an n'xtent as in \^^r\^, ^md ljy none mt^re so ihan hy the four famous 
coinpowrs^ AubcPn Mi^vcrht^r, Koi^sinln and <.lounc]d. Anl>H:rH after hearing Iter 
fiing Norina, in Daniai^tti'^s "Don Pasqualen" i^fSeted her a hnuipuet of roses from 






AD E LIN A I ATTI 

Kc^rfll:andy, ficul m flTlswtr to hof ^f«<-^l(in^ iibniir her diomands. ^^nftl, "Tko 
nioiids yoLi wc^ir ore bL^ucifiLl itiilt'od, but iho-^- vou plice tia our hat^ :iu^ o th&il- 
sicid iiTi]i^:i lnutr.'^ ?nitl ^v.is thr jjti uf Lhc pihc^t CHunposnjr ^J "<lujlla»me 
^Vlln'^oiid iitfc one M^as *:vt!r Jfltjr*^ wtktfmi.^ ^t Rcui-^jni'sbc^icitiful illln At Pelss)", w'tll 
lEntAN-ri Jhs Tho CHjnire cit ^t ^^ftjt r1lE]^icM4 iim\ nciiaic cjrck. The ^^-mni ImIn-^h 
dJcJ uj N'o^xinbL^ i^^a, Jiml J^lltj jmmI Kl;? In-^: mbtiic tj( n-j^pcnrr to liis mrrt]n3y 
by ukiu^r [Mrt iti tliu i^ii ft?rti] Jiu 4^ o( lats jininori^ "Siib^iL Muti^p" wbiek %tas 

C~i<)|][^4>l|, olwtLvs cnrhu-^iasLic in lii-^ rcmnrks upon hc:r, siul, " ihat until he 

lu-.]riJ !\it(], all tbc MfiryiMTiic-^ y,vtr Nonbuui mnuJon-i. hue Ptmi ivit^ ibc only 

S^^n1^lL^^]^ GrctL-hcn^ and iti^it J"j"tJni bi:r nil Juturc iififio^ *;ouJcl kurn what to do 
Durl nV(ji±" 

Although Ir is n<Jt th^ cui^oni to bc>,[ow llik-^ or honortlic tLi^tiiiuion^ ujjod 
tirthCiof lhc Inir-nt^, y(^, hijimi inf ihr4.% m sulN nti ^^^ttnt h:i^'u ;>i^wnE5 been 
dioiVi]j'<jil up^tti j^ikhtm PaiiF, UiMt. ilk' jtiwels whkh *i<H' lins lK:tn prest^ntirtJ with 
(rcmi tlnic kp tliist art: s,iiU in bL^ of thnj moriiiuus ^jiIlic nf /^loo^coo, In ibt 
j-car ChS&j, when she upiH^.u^-cl jn NtVf York as VitiltLtJ, ihiz dMintusdj; ilie xv^jtt 
On that ot;eLL^ion were c^tlni^iccl io bt^ worth ^6aorxx (]>iie ^j| ilic Itatid^nitiit 
loi:kt:r!» in hur jiossc^^slon Ls ij juv^nt (ryni Ikr M^JListy^ QuuL-n Vicfoik jihd ji 
splendid sol itMiie rhig whieli \\\c k in tht; hidntaE wnj^rm^^ was j;]Vi^n lo burby ilic 
Bnmnrv^ HurdL^LL-CoLtiis^ Of iHj ]e^ ili;m twt]]iy-ilirec vfiluabCc: hfacckts^ one 
of the mii^t eaMly is thut prtstnitd by [he commuiet of rbc Birmi[iyi]nTn fwtivaL 
A m^rHifiM-n! eonihn sort with ih^-cnty -Thrive- huge: dijmcHuISp is iIil^ i^lJt ol the 
&nph^ fcLU!;L;[]u\ The trtiapenhry of t^Lnminv, Aiisirin, a]]d Kus^ij Issevl- vitid 
Xi'Lth tijcb oihLT in ^t^mling her j^wt^ls ftf ihe ["jrL^i value 

When ^]u|iin^Mi Italy, Kin^ Victor Enmuttud t;iich night visited the ofjcra 
for the pur|>o^ ol hearing Ii^t; and iit Thji-enut:, where ibc enlhusiastie Ustliai^ 
app]ou<tcd to tbe v^vy et^h^j, M^srio, prbicij ot Jtation tenting Itnnrd from hi^; hos 
to Crown hiT Wtlh :i |jnrel hhTU:tlb. A Stnillur ho]lor WslS lK"S[OW4^d upon her by 
thu^ Duki^ (nf Alli-1 at Mnidrid, who jarc^ntai Iilt ^ith a laurel crown. At iht 
Dpcni htmse jn that eity nnmlrizi^ of honcjciciji s^nd p^ents were co lie wen whirl- 
ing through the: air^itt.ichud i€^ thr nt-ut.^ of birds, tJ^"^*^" Kihelbi uf Sp:iin, 
g^LVe ri larRC anicrthy^ l]ru<>Lh ^mrftcmricd hy forty cnomioHS |}e^Tl5s nnd the 
Joehty Clq!3 of PhItIs pre^^ncc^d her with twelvt: Inurcl crcnvns. Ilie clti^tns of 
Silts FrjnLri^tj, u[^tn the oeeu^^cjn of hct" lafl vjsii, prci^etittd hrr with 3 five- 
poinced iit:tr f^jrnicd of (birly \^tf^' Uz^ti\,l\\^\ anii frtnn thr putcu of P^irtupal 
she t^!cei^'ed a masiivi^ k^ehct contiiltiLu^ Her _Mjjei>lv"'s pyrlrniit, tnriche<l by aii 
cnormotif; onCntal pt^-irl cneruscuil In btlllijntji ; -Am\ even at ihL^ present ticnc 
scarcely 1 d^iy p^i^wc^ wuhout tin: '' Diva" reeeit'bij^ some aeknot^'kilgmenl in 
recognition of htir inmscendcnt powers 

Adclinii Pattt'ji linit Ku^ih.-incF wjT5 Henri, Marcjui? dc Caiix, an cqncm' to the 
Emprrss liiLigi^nie, from ^vhom ^hc wa^ ii< i^initcd and suliscquenLly divorced; 
and, on June to, 1S&6, she married Rrne'^n Nie^iini, the Enmous tenor singer. 

In a|i|icHiTanc;e, Patti is still yoatbJul, ac^d really >^eni>^ dt^ined to rivjl ihe 



vi - "-^ 






r:~ ri^': 




asi ARTISTS AND AUTHORS 

cj:lfhniltd FrcrtLh hc^iutyn Ninon d^; iTflcli)^ who w:is so bcanlirul at sl\t} tli&t 
tht ^^riicid^ii* oJ the men sylto l^^vcfl ht:r an her ^-outh adurcd Ikt \^ith tqua! 
ftrdfjtn P.itii's fit^^iiv 1^ ^Hll -^lini jiul njdncli^d, and nor n ^vrinkk rts ym i? lo he 
sctit D11 liLT L-l>CH:ks, or :t hn<: ^ilwml her cj-e-^, which iirt a-^ tit-^iir mid jriphl nsc^t^r, 
and wlikhn when she spcniks ctfy<]U, look you straight in llic Idi^e wtiU her oUI 

Diiritif^lKM cLirc*^r T'nui hus tjt'rierl iii^ivnir^l or half a million ^icrlii^j. on J the 
eiiornuju^ swtns p;iid to h^-r itt [iao pivftjiii ttine siuire ih.iii doLilfle tht i^nioiints 
which jtnijv Lin^i rtCcUi^ii. ^ml whiizli in that iJ:iy were regimlcfl ns TjIuIoiiiL 

Oil a nAttituE plnHerm, sutrtaundeJ Uy \^\c\uta^^]i^^ vJks^ jnd ^tlimtcri in Hie 
litut of r^^c v^tj- w^Udt^i niid incwi romanlio )]:trt of Soitili WAm^, hct^ctri 
[irocon mid S^^^nwo, anti :il i.he Lmsc of rhe I^Lk ol ihe Nifrhr. Manrts chc Cast 
lie of Crai^'y'noj5. This i^ flic nicilHingfll':'^ n*^:^t_ 1"he ipnnct.ly torttini; ^ihich 
Patri hiis ^ictuTtiuUtetl hiL^ niHiljlecl her ^o ;i3 JK^^tuit^ anil unhiFj;*," ht-r IioiuCh ihai 
it ntw tgnliiin*i -ill ih^: hixurits which ScicfaCi-- ailtl Art have cn.LlhhJ l-orinrtt's fa*^ 
votU^-. t.. i'^^uY^ ; jiiic! *,o ctowdal Is it \^"Uli oirii^s :md v^hiahk:^ i^h.it it m^iy hi:?C 
be tk--i,rchLiL -L^ -^ilie hornt- of all ArryieMi^OV N-Uiirecsin ^Icaeen" 

Mercn in pictiit-t^jLii^ ^xliiwosi, sicrn>urtdtd hy a uTiii|ue ^plencLc^r ctcatt^d by 
her »Wii Mcrtiuiii^. Iii\'^ ihh ^\h^i \.\m ht^-iuiiful soiigslrcM. Shii ia the '* lonely 
HouiLiiriil" of ihe i.^iiritc distri<:t, l:^^t^;m^ir^J; m.iny milc^s arouml ihy ciiillen over 
^^hiili she i>r«i(lcs Willi ^iich ho^it jhk Hrnce. The nutflherof ^rJli^rul hearts 
Ehe |i:i^ Wfjn Ui ihr ^^"tl■ill eomnry hy iii^r acrivtj jji-nci'^jli^Jicc is Hilino^t us yreat 
jti: ts the Icyioii of enthusiastic atErnift^rt Uic has ciili^tr;jl by tiie woncicrfuL Iw-ijuty 
of her voice and [lie lienes of iirtii>liij Jriitniplia, uliich have bten absoiuuly wlih- 
om jurollel thirin^ Lhe present eet>liEry+ 



SAKAH lillRNHARDT 

]^y H. Si ElcHW-fHEMi 

JTu: yirl.as Sar*:ey reiarcs, o^icc prrwnted herself at ihc Paris Con- 
nH_]^^oiro in order to i^as-^ tlie c-xainiii^ition for admission. All 'Ak 

hnew was rlie falle of the ^^'l wo Pigeons/' hut slie hfiJ no soonw 
reeiLeJ the hnes — 

^ l>ei*s piget^Tt^ fl'aiinaii?nt d'amrjitr m-nJfi^ 

thqn AuIht slojjped htr with n\ gesture. ^^ KnouHh," he said. " Comt here, my 
child"* The litt]e pri, wlm wns p^ili; -inJ thiFi. lm( tvliosc eyes lilL-aiiwd wiili in- 
iclliatnec, appvoai^he^l him iviih An lir of a&uranee, '^Your name Is S^rah,^" 
he s^ilL 




SARAH BERNKAKUT 
" Vc.i, ■^ir." wii? lilt reply. 

"She hj3l>ci-ii li^ptifr<^d,"?aid Auln:r, luiiilify m ]ii« ctilkiscuc^ 



as? 




. , . „ , -r - , It I'-oulo 

havi; liMii a |niy if <iuch n |^r^!^[y chilri hjd tiui. SIic snid her fable o! ittc 
■1^Vl> I'i^viis" vi-n' ^\cl]. She niu^r hi: ad m filed." 

TFius S.irjli BcnilLirdc, for [l wns -.h^-, crilered "" - 

ihi: Ojni^nTiinirt Slit "-j^ ;i Jvwfjs lA Trcneh 
and Duit'h pjriiii>i^\ :niil wds boiT as Parti* in 
ja4.f. Htr fiiihtr, jflnjr hnvjny lnjj lMpli:fci|, had 
pheiid lii-T in ji convciil; but bhv \mi -.ih<--\dy 
■^'ti'rll/ di^U'rriiiriLil io l)ccunii; nn [lulic?*'. In her 
COURie of MUily n ihc CaniU^rv-iiioire slii; ^ riis- 
linRkii^hed hctfcLf ihnt she ri:cciVf;il ii piiie v^'hich 
onliikd iii:r [o a rEW/^/ ot \Ik Thiifltrv rinkt^nia, 
SliL a:lti:icd ilic pjd ,iE lpJ|[;;4^Jiit, in which i^f 
n|>p^:aTcd or Augif^E n. iS6i ; iind sii le,n^[ ant 
ntivsp.i|hT .[r-jiv 5peci:il DiU'iiiiiiii la Uvr pcrrumi- 
ancc, di:K;rihinir hi'r js -jtreEij :ini! fliiiLiiii/' and 
parikul.irir pnd^iciy W iicrftci ciiuntisHloii. Sht iirienvnd pl^iycrf orlier parts 
ni III,; Tliijir- rr.iii^.ii?, Iiiii soufi irjn'.feir^d hej^^lf ^mni (Jul fin^i^^ i.f ihe 
Cymniisc. Thuuyh i:u[ uniil :,hH. li,id inciJ^: \ivn-\i \M,u,mm-i by huvinj^. as wai ^i' 
Icficd. slipped [he fuce ijf q sL&Ei.'r-ocirus in a fit ul ieiii|rfr. 

Thi: riiicijiiir [][ [Eic Gymn.iw ilid nni mkt; [no ^rious :i vie^t ofhis new aa- 
res^ vtboiumud up Ijic iit rchc^n^.ils. nnJ ^oiuciimn. did ooi Hfrn upai ^If, Noi 
d[d hu-raciin^z mjkc nny jirmi irrpre<sion ai [he Gymn.i^ic, wficrr, ii i^ inii;, iJiff 
iraii Diily pcrmiEEtd [u jppe.ir on Simdiij^, Ai eIife Jheairf: ^hc joa no ihM 
in cxliibliin^ Eh.ii indi:|jL'ndi;iiU! and cjprice to whieh^ ns nuith i'^ to her i.ilcni. 
<uc ow^^ h^r OHjlH^b.iEV, The Aay aficr ihc first rejiiesejiiiiii..n ^f n jtlece l>v L&. 
liiLht^ " Un ,\[,in qui Luia- s.i Fi-mni'j,- in ^^'hic:!! she li.id uiiJerubf^n an iin- 
ponnni pjti, sht Heakiiriy qniEied Paris, addre'wini! lo ilie nmiior :i kltcr in 
vrhKh •:hL- he;>j^-L| him la foigjvc ben. 

Afirr ii i-j',r In &|>;iin. Sninii rciiimcci ro PariB, and nppfiircd at ihc Oddon, 

Airats," 
i^hed 
1^ i-enr/' Alri;^dv ?he had 
nvtitfd the auciiijoii of ilic public and ihir pttiR, ivho aii^ ilui a hiiHiiiii fniiire 
by before htr, 

Althei^ndaf 1S7:! she jppear,:d at ihc CoFii^dic Fmn^aisc. a^d viih ^idi iil* 
uncEri>n Jh^E ^Nl- was ret;.ined, ftui us a pension n^ilic, nt a saiaiv of sis ihoiiciod 
(lanc?, and nftcr^^ard as :i iof/.Vtf ire. Her ^iie^eiSL-i itcrt igpid and dutj'.llng, ant 
mhcEher iJic apjH:ared in modn-in come,Iy, [n uln^sic tEUKedv, or as die erL-^nnr at 
charaeii!« rn Jjiiiitely ncivpli^->, the ThiairL-wasalhvjj's cWdeil, ricf nitln-liouFi 
voic^and pure tnunelaciyn. ber iingnkrly vaiitd aecenia. biic j-Jibji her dideni 



ftner a Jn^fjr in &|>;iin. hninii reinmcd ro PariB, and nppfiircd at ihc 0,\^ 
HoTc^he tr^.-iiicil ^ oriain nmnbcir of ch^ractCT^ fnsuch plan's Jis " Ln: Airi 
" Lc Dr.,ifi4: de I,. Hue de lc |*il^," ^nd ■ Lc Biltard," Ei,u 'eiii^Hv dislinp.is 
h-^niclf m " Kay BI.l^" and In n ininslaiiun r-f ' KiEiE; Unr/' AJr^adv ^hi^ 



■^:? 




SBi ARTISTS AND AUl IIOKS 

bu[!.r^ of pJKLon, v'crr- sulIi llial hrr anilicnco as llni- Imn;; ti]Ji>i'- lit[ lip'*, fargoi 
lilt i^|>n(;c5 ami cvLtnirlciiics by ^lilch ^Iil- ^^-^s nltcid^- cli^irnLln IihclI in ]trivjie 
lift, k ^i'inn:il, tiL-hhii-vcr, Ehal SniiJi's amliitioii W,i!i M jfiin pt^sMiiial iiulurklv 
tn-iiiiiu[u [liniuh>:ni'i!:jl funn:: ^n<l Ity lur |*crfoLiiirintL'S ol out kind or :LtiDilii:i 
oui^iJo ilic iliciiti"^ makt htf^ir ibci.Llli ot socioiy. She j^Ttctcil u? |>,iiiw,[oi:liiail, 
and Ho 'vriic; i>ciii piciuit's (" Ihc SaLoHh piiblii^licil ■xui^mric llU1^li'^ ;ind r^liili' 
ittfil bugls rilic wiiLild tLtcivc h-^i iiiuw-h luk-m.' jii U.-\nA. :liiiI in iht ilitiisor a 
msik iiitisi. She Ibiid i lusuii<iu'; tuLlln in,idc Tot bci, covcitd villi vjilvct. in 
wliitli ^iic lo^'L--! lo i"k;I1iiu ; ^tvi -in: mure llun iintc "i:!!! up in ;i l>iilloHHi. 

IleJii.il'riix, wheilieTiiiiirii-j[c"r|nilftk;, wiiscilH'^^iliLiiiiiit^cniiiitd In iSSo 
Eniile Ai[aLi:r''. ailmit.iblLi cnniciJy," L'Ai-.;iiiii]itn:." ^v^'^ r^vivi^l ill ihc Comf'iHc 
Franc^ni^, Jiml ibe Jinlior oinliik^l rhe jjjii uf ClfjriuLlc lo Si.rii1i UrmlijinlL 
AEriT llie hrsl rcprE'^eiiMiiloii, lio'Vi:vi:r, shi: vn'^ st muj^Ld L))" ^n^ miiXJini^lLiiiLii^ 
aTh iiCH-^p^pcr crilici*.ni ilui -^ht; still in l|i.r rL-^i^iioiiurt lu M- Ivmili^ rtmn, ill- 
muir ot tiK ihrjirc, f|iLlui;d \*nu5, LiPid i^tni tu r.nplnid, mIimw;Ik- pivt ir sciJi^s 
of [Lpri-wnlations a"Jh i|>p<'iiri"g llirre fnv tin- lii^i i::ii.', I'm^L'd ii vtrnablL' a^n- 
Hiloii in London sociuT.). M^sinHiilk;, M. t'crib m-.tiuntd Jiy^iiiH! kr. in Mic 
nniiK' of Lin: Coini^dio Fmin^^i!^, n l,ii\'<.iiii fr-r lircjtii of tnnunti, ^^iili iLiinnuL-s 
|:iid .1 thru,' liundrtd ihoiitnul frauti El was al this jmicvun: liut Sjrjli :ic- 
cc|>it<l ilTii orTcrs Cff an tnii ■q^ri'.ins injiiupcr fcT :> loiir in America, uJwrc she 
jclilL'VH.'d ijo |e*i jiliononu'niil i^uc^c^^'S llun in Euro|it. 

A ■iLHsaiiuiiAl .ittount of tliis Anitiican tour v;^ iifitnvjid piiMisliLd hy aits 
of lii.r ^-.^ol:;!!!!^^, Ml!-:. Marie ColoinUitr, iind^^r ilit t\xh of " Siu^^l llcmhatdr 
en AmiJriquc" Tliis «',t^ r>H'-W4.d by n sttund vokmi: fiom llic i.,im4; pen, i^i> 
tiik.l " S:iMli H,miiini." Til.' I.iifi--r linoh, ii-. k^ liilc; Mii-^cil;^, v'ns wvt liiK-ndcLi 
as 13 Mf>inrilijiiiii[ : and S.^i^'h Ui-riifinrdi bn^u^^Jii Ji] Jictl-n .^^.^\|■•^i die "Tilts, liy 
whij;li 5I1L: wna cymjiullcJ to tsimiigy fiom licr ii^indalous vii]lii>io jII tliai w^5 

OlftTHiiVC ■ - ' - W 1. 

III.: ri-^t of Siii^ih's [^nietr i^ mn rt^cnt lo lie rnted 111 <U:lail Nor Ciiii Ihe 
tifr .>p-jii actios £i[ uiiroii-n linn, lie cEt.ilt wiili i^u frcdy ^:4 thai uf a Sophie 
Anniuld jt nil AilTit-nm: Lt^zcmvrmr, 

l-rtjm AniyiicaSji-jhreiiiTn.i! tu P.iti?.whtr<;?h':rivlvedaH hci oU sucMSits. 

and wlic-rt, in tSSa, ill iht OdOnn, >ln: ftnductU :l onc^i:! ci™(:il;r- tioni htT nvn 
p, 11 .milled "iJAvou," wtiith n;cr niili :i simLwhiii rri^id iri^e|>i.ian. Sin: li« 
i|>|.L; irtil in wvtriii of Sli^ktspeLirt's pl.ivs \y\\U yrcJt ^utctis, Iml litr ma'* Jiiiihi- 
tion^ mid ptrfmp^ mo*[ aJmir^bL piodutiron? i.f !ai<^ years hai^ b^n her Ck'o- 
paiffl linii produced in Paris in iSyo, iind lier Joan of Art 

Among her niimctous ecjentricitiu-., Mile. hLtnlunll once ^ot marn.d; 
London liy r^;a-'i^ni of ilic futiliLios it a1l.-t.ls for ihi,; s|>ecie5 of rtctt^ino", being 
Bhoan as .li^ ,'itLne of iht (^■ipou^iK The licto of ihc matrimonial eom.'dy. 
which \va,'>yM>n followed by -. Mpurativn. eo which, nificr many ad^enintLs on ihc 
part of both Ini^bjud and w'lft, a itconciliinimi succeeded, was M. p.ifii^lj. a 
Greek ■^■untleman. pus.'^iaLd of tvnwdtrablc histrionic labni. who d;ed in ibSo. 



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t^^;-^^^ .£-^'^'-' Q-<-fi^''-^ }^c. 





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TRnirB OP ppRricATios" . 

nirtl^iTiF a Cohil of imnu \\\\\\\ Iwh^ llUliilfi'iJ i" <ln" nnri3'<" WtNci^ of h^ftieJl slx(y-rlt:lir Thill lio | i1]otiNffr;i mro^ |jy 

Jlrsrti^i. (xLpufpjl & CtPr, Esf hivhp UTicI oiht'i" tijiilutail luiikcis. Tli- iti hv tui-tity-fiHtr |iitj;4^fi uf l*!lt€t- 

iii r^*=L]ii^L.\ 'rijr ruiillslH^r irttfjnuati^!^ ii% cnii^^hli'ii- i1h' \ct\t\ \\\ ftlslj'^'ljrlil narr^. 

fitib^iibc^^ ^vl]4> TemovTT or i^by ativ Tll^l veprtTrtrly "fiup|>1ii?^lh i^ill ptensif uhlr^ ttt PulilL^htr by m^Sr 

^ SELMAR HCaS- Puhllshi»r, I?? 4 (^4 F^flh Air->., b-** Vnrk* 




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