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GREENE COUNTY SOLDIERS
BEING A HISTORY OF THE
SEYEHTY-FOURTH 0. V. L,
WITH SKETCHES OF THE
TWELFTH, NINETV-FOURTM, ONE HUNDRED AND TENTH^
FORTY-FOURTH, TENTH OHIO BATTERY, ONE HUN-
DRED AND FIFTY-FOURTfi, FIFTY-FOURTH,
SEYENTEENTH, THIRTY-FOURTH, ONE
HUNDRED AND EIGHTY-FOURTH,
TOGETHER WITH A
LIST OF GREEHE:C01JNWS;33IDIERS.
IRil S, nWE'NS
COMPANY C, SEVENTY-FOURTH O. V.
CHRISTIAN PL'UI.ISHING HOUSE PRINT
flLKW FOUf. DAT JONS
ra 7 u
COMRADES IN ARMS,
THIS VOLUME IS
BY THE AUTHOR.
PRE FA C E.
In 1872 the author of this book wrote and published a small book
the title of which was, <' Greene County in the War." But the
supply being exhausted, a second edition has been published, similar to
the first one, but enlarged and revised. In addition to the first book,
sketches of other regiments have been added, together with anecdotes
and incidents of the late war ; also, a list of Greene County's soldiers,
copied from muster-rolls in the Adjutant General's office at Columbus.
In this, as well as the former work, the author does not attempt to give
a general history of the rebellion, but simply a history of his own
regiment — the Seventy-fourth Ohio — and parts of other organizations
in which Greene County was represented. It is not, however, strictly
confined to Greene County alone, but other counties in the state, as well.
The author having spent considerable time and labor in gettmg out this
book, offers it to the public, hoping that it may prove interesting and
profitable to its readers.
IRA S. OWENS.
Seventy-Fourth Regiment, O. V. I.
Organization and Rendezvous l^
Ordered to Nashville . . . , 18
A Strict Disciplinarian 18
March to Lebanon, Tennessee 19
The Star Spangled Banner 20
In Line of Battle 21
Prayer-meeting With Andrew Johnson 22
A Rebel Boaster 23
A Colored Social Meeting 25
A Skirmish With the Rebels 26
Rosencranz' Words of Cheer . . . . , 27
March to Murfreesboro 28
Rosencranz' Address to the Army 29
Battle of Murfreesboro 30-39
Sanitary Commission-work 39-42
Official Report of General Rosencranz 43-53
Hospital Sufferings and Scenes 53
Seventy-Fourth Killed and Wounded 5^-59
Colonel Josiah Given Succeeds Colonel Moody 61
Changes of Officers 62
In the Hospitals at Nashville 63
The Humane Colonel. 65
At Home on Furlough 66
The Great Atlanta Campaign. 69
Trick on the Rebels 72
A Johnnie After Some Coffee. ... 73
The Killing of General Pope 75
Fixing a Rebel Sharpshooter 75
Leatherbreeches' Battery 76
Death of General McPherson 80
On the Skirmish Line : . 82
Method of Cooking Roasting-ears S^
Melville Davis Mortally Wounded , 84
Death of William H. Hollenberry 85
Evacuation of Atlanta 86
The Negroes 91
In Front of Savannah 94
Capture of Fort McAllister 95
A Boat-load of Salt Beef 97
Burning Property in South Carolina 98
Assassination of President Lincoln 104
Homeward March 106
Richmond and Belle Isle. , , 107
Citizens Once More ill
Recapitulation. 1 1 i-i 13
Incidents 1 13-1 18
Campaign Songs 1 19-125
Twelfth Regiment, O. V. I.
Organization . 126
• Battle of Scarey Creek 126
Death of Colonel Lowe at Carnifex Ferry 126
Hout of Rebel Cavalry , 127
CONTENTS. \ 9
Second Battle of Bull Run 127
South Mountain and Antietam 128
Battle of eioyd Mountain 129
Ninety-Fourth Regiment, O. V. I.
Organization . 140
Fight With a Scouting Party - 141
Falling Back to Lexington 142
One Dollar a Drink for Water 143
Fighting at Stone River, Chickamauga, etc. 144
Mustered Out I45
One Hundred and Tenth Regiment, O. V. I.
Pursuit of Lee , I47
Fighting in the Wilderness . 148
Battle of Monocacy I49
Battle of Winchester • 150
Assault Before Petersburg. 15^
Mustered Out 151
Song — Keifer Leads the Van 152
Forty-Fourth Regiment, O. V. I.
'Organized. 1 54
Retreat to the Kanawha. ... 155
Re-organized as Eighth Ohio Cavalry I57
Mustered Out 158
Tenth Ohio Battery.
Organized , 159
Battle of Corinth 160
A Clever Maneuver i6i
Kennesaw Mountain 163
Mustered Out 164
One Hundred and Fifty-Fourth Regiment, O. V. I.
Skirmish With McNeil's Battalion 168
Battle of New Creek 169
Mustered Out 169.
Fifty-Fourth Regiment, O. V. I.
Organized 1 70
Battle of Pittsburg Landing 170
Battle at Chickasaw Bayou 171
Engaged at Vicksburg 171
Pursuit of Hood 1 72
Mustered Out 1 73
Seventeenth Regiment, O. V. I.
Dr. John Turnbull -. 1 74
Thirty-Fourth Regiment, O. V. I.
Battle of Fayetteville 176
Colonel Toland Killed at Wytheville 177
The Lynchburg Raid 179
Battle of Winchester. ... 181
Pursuit of the Rebels . 183
Attack on Beverly 184
Consolidated With the Thirty-Sixth Ohio. 185
One Hundred and Eighty-Fourth Regiment, O. V. I.
Encounters With Guerrillas , i86
One Hundred and Tenth 223-224
Forty-Fourth. . . 225
Tenth Ohio Battery 226-230
One Hundred and Fifty- Fourth 231-240
Fifty-Fourth, ; 241
One Hundred and Eighty-Fourth 244-245
Third New York Cavalry 246
First Ohio Regular Infantry 247
Errata — Officers of Seventy-Fourth 248
Anecdotes and Incidents. 249
Closing Scenes of the War 291
In the fall of 1861, the people of Greene County, realizing
to some extent the magnitude of the war in which the country
was then engaged (the southern states, all save Maryland and
Kentucky, marshaling their entire strength, fully equipped with
arms stolen from the General Government, for the destruction
of the Union; the North, without a single exception, meeting
them with an equal force upon the bloody field of battle, in
defense of the Union), and being anxious to show, at the end
of the war, a bright chapter in its history, proposed to raise an
entire regiment of volunteers, to be known as the " Greene
County Regiment." Hardly had' a day passed after the battle-
cry had sounded from Sumter, when, at a war-meeting held in
the old Firemen's Hall in the city of Xenia, the organization of
two companies for the defense of the nation's capital was com-
menced. These being speedily completed and officered, with
Captains John W. Lowe and Al. Galloway at their head, hast-
ened to Columbus. The city of Washington having by this
time become sufficiently guarded, they were sent to Camp Den-
nison, and were among the first to lay out the camp and begin
the erection of camp-buildings. At the close of their three
months' service they re-enlisted, and became a part of that well-
known and hard-fighting regiment, the Twelfth Ohio, at the head
of which fell the brave Colonel Lowe.
After the ever-memorable departure of these two noble
companies, the work of enlistment continued. Other squads and
companies, composed of men from shop, plow, and exchange,
were continually leaving the county and joining regiments
forming in other parts of the state, thus leaving this county
without its proper credit. Hence at a meeting of half a dozen
or more of the citizens of Xenia, held late one evening in the
auditor's room of the court-house, it was resolved to form a
Greene County regiment. A committee was appointed, consist-
ing of Revs. R. D. Harper, P. C. Prugh, Judge Winans, and
Hugh Carey, Esq., who were to proceed immediately to James-
town, and, if possible, prevail upon a company, composed of
the best men of that place and vicinity, organized under
Captain Ballard, and chafing for the field, to remain in the
county for the time, and take the post of honor in the new
regiment. This company had already offered its services to
General Fremont, then at the head of the army in Missouri.
The delegation proceeded, the next day, to Jamestown,
held a consultation with the company, and proposed that they
should immediately go into camp at Xenia and become the
nucleus of the county regiment, the committeemen pledging
themselves to use every possible effort in speedily filling it up.
After a few earnest speeches the compan) yielded, recon-
sidered their former purpose, and in a few weeks were in camp.
The pleasant memories that still cluster around the scenes of that
winter, in which soldiers and citizens happily mingled, meetings
of prayer and praise, both in and out of camp, public days of
fasting and feasting, speeches, parties, and concerts, will not
soon be forgotten by those who, just as winter began to break,
were " left behind."
No truer patriots than were these ever lived. No braver
men ever fought. And Corporal Owens has done good service
to both county and regiment in writing their history.
The readiness with which this regiment enlisted and marched
to the field, the manner in which it fought, the many bloody
battles it won in the great struggle of freedom for the nation and
the world, its re enlistment of those who survived after having
spent three long years of the most intense labor in marchings
and fightings, imposing itself • all the while as a wall of fire
between our enemies and our homes, standing again and again
in the very presence of death, should never be forgotten. The
author of this little book has done much toward making all this
a part of living history in the nation's struggle to free itself from
the ''accursed thing." In this he makes no attempt at display,
but proposes, in a plain, simple way, to give a sketch of those
scenes and actions in which his own regiment was engaged,
together with a brief account of the other organizations to which
Greene County contributed her men and means.
We bespeak for this little, unassuming companion a place,
not only among the survivors and friends of the old Seventy -
fourth, but in the famihes and homes of the county as well.
P. C. P.
HIST O II Y
Seventy-Fourth Regiment, 0. V. L
In October, 18(31, the organization of the Seventy- fourth
O. V. I. was commenced. Its rendezvous was Camp Lowe,
in the old fair ground, Xenia, named in honor of Colonel John
\V. Lowe, who fell at Carnifax Ferry, Virginia, in the early
part of the war. The regiment was organized to the extent
of seven companies, at Camp Lowe ; but on arriving at Camp
Chase the following February, three more companies were
added, making the complement, and aggregating nine hundred
and seventy-eight men.
The regiment was officered as follows : Granville Moody,
colonel commanding; Alexander Von Schrceder, lieutenant
colonel; A. S. Ballard, major; J. R. Brelsford, surgeon, etc.
(See roster at the end of the book.) The duty of the regiment
at Camp Chase was, guarding prisoners. Colonel Moody was
On arriving at Columbus the regiment was quartered the
first night in the state capitol. The next day it marched out
to Camp Chase, after being reviewed by Governor Todd.
Whatever may be said to the contrary, the prisoners there
were wtll cared for. The writer was detailed several times to
18 GREENE COUNTY IN THE WAR.
help erect tents, etc. They had plenty to eat, and comfortable
quarters. The regiment remained at Camp Chase until April
20th, when they were ordered to Nashville, Tennessee, under ,
command of Lieutenant Colonel Von Schrceder — Colonel
Moody remaining at Camp Chase.
On arriving at Nashville the regiment marched through
the city, and encamped near the river, remaining there only
a short time, when they were ordered to move camp. They
camped in a beautiful grove, about one mile south of the city,
which was called Camp Tod, in honor of Governor Todd.
Colonel Von Schrceder was a strict disciplinarian — having
been a Prussian officer — he would not allow the men even to
spit on dress parade. While in command at Camp Tod his
wife visited him. He had issuvd strict orders that not a man
should leave camp after a certain hour in the evening — as
some of the boys were in the habit of frequenting the city
until a late hour, and then coming into camp in a state of
One day he made arrangements with some of the citizeris
to take tea with them at a certain time. Accordingly he and
his wife rode up to the gate, when he was halted by the guard,
who told him that he had orders from Colonel Von Schroeder
not to let a man pass after a certain hour — it being then
after that hour. ''Well, but," says he, "I am Colonel Von
Schrceder." "I don't know who in the h — 1 you are," says
the guard, ''you can't pass here." "Well," says the colonel,
"I'll have that order changed in the morning," and turned
around and rode back to his quarters. The next morning he
sent for the 'guard who was at the gate at the time he wanted
to pass out. The guard approached him with much fear and
trembling, no doubt expecting to be severely dealt with, for
the colonel looked at him with a stern countenance, and spoke
in a very harsh manner, which frightened the poor fellow still
THE SEVENTY-FOURTH. 19
worse. "You are the man that wouldn't let me out of camp "
last evening!" *'Well — well — colonel, I — I — had orders not
to let any one pass, and — and — I thought I must obey orders."
The colonel then changed his voice, and spoke in a very
pleasant manner, and said, ''You did right. I wish all my
men were as good soldiers as you are; we would then have
no trouble. I'll promote you to a corporal."
After remaining in camp a short time, a detachment of
the regiment was ordered on a scout over the Cumberland
Mountains, or at least as far as McMinville. That was the first
experience many in the regiment had in the toils, hardships,
and fatigues of the march. Part of the regiment was left
behind, being detailed on picket duty. Standing picket then
was rather a pleasure and a pastime, there being no enemy
near; and in the warm season of the year we were plentifully
supplied with milk, potatoes, honey, etc., which were generally
pretty easy of access — the forest furnishing mulberries, and
the orchards cherries, plums, etc. Although the policy then
was to guard rebel property, yet it was not always guarded.
While on picket we enjoyed many luxuries, of which many
times afterward we were deprived. We passed sixteen days
thus very pleasantly, until the return of the balance of the
July 1st the regiment — or four companies of the same —
were ordered to march to Lebanon, Tennessee, thirty miles
from Nashville. We passed the Hermitage, the former residence
of Andrew Jackson, and we saw the monument erected to his
memory, underneath which lies the ashes of the hero of Orleans.
On the march we gathered blackberries, which grew in immense
quantities on each side of the road. The four companies were
under the command of Major Ballard. On this march the boys
did some foraging, by killing hogs, for which offense they were
arrested and confined in jail in Lebanon. The indignation of
20 GREENE COUNTY IN THE WAR.
•the boys was very great at this act. They threatened to tear
the jail down, and I have no doubt would have done so, had
not the prisoners been released promptly.
The regiment was quartered in the spacious college building
at Lebanon — the same that John Morgan and his men occupied
previous to our arrival. It was a very dirty place, but by hard
labor, washing, and scrubbing, we made it fit for soldiers to
quarter in. We spent the Fourth of July at Lebanon. It
was a very dull day. Our duty while there was light. We
performed some picket duty, and had dress parade in the
afternoon. The balance of the time was spent in loafing about
the building, reading, writing letters home, or going out for
blackberries, etc. We also formed a glee club, and used to
serenade Union families — when we could find them out. One
of our picket-posts was near the residence of ex-Governor
Campbell. We went one evening to serenade him. We had
just concluded one song — I think it was the "Star Spangled
Banner" — when the old governor came out bareheaded, and
cordially invited us into the house. ''Boys," said he, "it
does me good to hear those good old patriotic songs." We
sang several more songs. He then had his daughter play for
us on the piano. We were about to take our leave, when he
told us to wait a few minutes. In a short time his negro man
came in with a large tray, or waiter, loaded with nice cake^
fruits, cordial, etc. He told us to help ourselves, and we did
so. There were some excellent Union famiHes in and around
Lebanon, who hailed our approach with joy.
On the 10th of July our camp was thrown into considerable
excitement, by the rumor that the rebel cavalry were advancing
on us. But as feeble as we were, we commenced making
preparations for defense. Our force consisted of four companies
of infantry, and part of a regiment of cavalry. On the 11th I
was on picket, and was^ reheved at i^dM}. a., m.. of the 12th —
THE SEVENIV-FOLRTH. 21
no enemy yet. On the loth we received marching orders for
Nashville. It was about eleven o'clock at night when we
received the order to march, and by twelve o'clock we were
all packed up, armed, and equipped, and in line. While
marching out of town all was still as the grave ; the quiet of
the citizens was not disturbed ; no sound of martial music ; no
colors flying — nought could be heard save the heavy tramp of
the soldiers, as they marched out, almost on the double quick ;
and by the time the gray light appeared in the eastern horizon,
we were sixteen miles out on the road to Nashville, when we
halted a short time, and got a bite to eat, and by ten o'clock
• we were in Nashville, having marched thirty miles. That was
the time the rebel, Forrest, was expected to make an attack on
Nashville. It was a very hot day. Some of the boys came
near being exhausted, and one man had a sunstroke. We
camped on College Hill, and that night we lay in Hne of battle
for the first time. We were expecting to see the rebel cavalry
dash on to us every minute. They came within about three or
four miles, and burned a bridge, the light of which we could
see. The next day — which was the 16th — Colonel Moody,
with the detachment which was sent to Louisville, arrived.
An anecdote was told of him here, which I will relate : He
•came galloping into camp, ordering the men to fall in, inquiring
at the same time for the drummer, but the drummer could not
be found. Seizing the bass drum he commenced pounding it
with his fist. Observing one man without a gun, he inquired
of him where his gun was. The man told him he had none.
The colonel then told him to get one. The man replied he
could not. ''Well, then," says the colonel, "get a club;
you shall shoot." A strong guard was kept. The city was
barricaded with wagons, cotton bales, etc. A cannon was in
position on each street, and every precaution taken in case of
an attack. In that case the few troops around Nashville would
22 GREENE COUNTY IN THE WAR,
have had warm work, and the rebs would have met with a
warm reception. This is the time when it was said the cele-
brated prayer-meeting was held with Governor Andrew Johnson.
A story went the rounds in the papers something like this : It
was said that while Colonel Moody was praying, and as he
waxed very fervent in his supphcations, that the governor kept
inching toward him, until at last, putting his arm around him
(the colonel), said, "Colonel, I believe in- God and the
Christian religion; but I'll be d — d if Nashville shall be taken."
And it was not taken.
A constant watch was kept for several days- Pickets were
thrown out, and guards stationed on the road on which the
attack was expected to be made. Several times it rained very
hard, and wet the soldiers to the skin. It was very difficult to
keep the muskets dry. The rain and mud were disagreeable.
We remained at College Hill a short time. During the time we
were in camp there we were reviewed by Major General Nelson.
Soon after we changed camp, and camped on the farm of
Major Lewis, near town. This we called Camp Lewis. Shortly
after we received orders to march to Franklin, Tennessee. I
think it was about the 1st of August when we started to
Franklin. When within about two miles of Franklin we halted
for the night. The following incident occurred at that time,
which I will relate :
It is generally known that about that time orders were strict
concerning rebel property, which was to be held sacred, the
orders coming from one Buell. He was very careful to protect
rebels from the assaults of the blue- coats upon hen-roosts,
hog-pens, and potato-patches. The hero of this story, George
Snyder, was a good soldier. He obeyed orders, as a general
rule, but could not see the sin of digging a few potatoes and
having an ash-roast once in a while. It was George's fortune to
be placed in charge of a pompous southern mansion and
THE SEVENTY- FOURTH. 23
surroundings. Vegetables were scarce, and Buell's orders
plenty. George concluded to suspend one of the orders touching
potatoes. Thereupon his bayonet became a potato-fork, and a
few small, scrawny tubers were taken from the sacred soil,
carefully roasted, and transferred to George's stomach. For the
suspension of this order George was duly arrested, and taken,
under guard, to Colonel Moody's head-quarters for examination.
The owner accompanied the squad, swearing vengeance on poor
Snyder. The pompous son of the South preferred his charges.
Moody heard him, spoke of Buell's order, and the necessity of
respecting the same, and reprimanded Snyder for presuming to
suspend his commanding general's orders. Whereupon the
southern nabob waxed wrathy and valiant. He said that such
soldiers as Snyder were northern poltroons and cowards ; that if
it were not for the musket he carried he would have whipped
him and kicked him off his premises ; and that he could whip
half a dozen such fellows. This insulting language aroused
Colonel Moody. He listened to the harangue and thought he
would give the brave son of the South a chance to clean George
out. Thereupon he ordered Snyder as follows: " Lay down
that musket, sir." George obeyed. '^ Take off that haversack."
George dropped his sack. '' Unfasten that belt, sir." It was
done. "Take off your coat." George shed his linen. " Now,
sir, I release you from arrest. Step out and whip this brave
scion of the South until I tell you to stop." This was the kind
of order that George loved to ©"bey, and he sprang back, a la
Heenan, to the combat. But this the cowardly boaster had not
bargained for. His eyes protruded ; his knees shook like
Belshazzar's ; his tongue refused to utter the words he would
have said. Moody urged, insisted, and ordered Johnny to make
good his boastful words. Snyder, cool, snappy, eager for the
fight, was inviting him to " come on." But it was no go. The
poor fellow had been trapped and could only back out squarely.
24 GREENE COUNTY IN THE WAR.
His brother came forward and told the colonel that he (the
speaker) was a senator of Tennessee and brother to the palsied
victim, and urged Moody to stop the proceedings. The colonel
assured Mr. Senator that he was doing all he could to bring the
conflict to a close by having George Snyder conquer a peace ;
and, moreover, that peace he would have, and that neither he
nor his doughty brother should insult him or his men by calling
them poltroons and cowards. Thus the orders of General Buell
were respected and obeyed by (reorge Snyder and liis colonel.
We remained at Franklin about a month. The regiment
was at that time guarding the Nashville &: Columbia Railroad,
the different companies being scattered along the road from
Nashville to Columbia, Company C occupying Franklin. Colonel
Moody's head-quarters were at Franklin. While there we built
stockades and did some guard duty. The court-house was
occupied by the colonel, he having his head-quarters in it. It
was barricaded by taking the large flat stones from off the yard
and putting them in the windows, drilling port-holes in them.
Colonel Moody was then acting as chaplain as well as
colonel. He would command the regiment during the week
and preach on Sunday. The citizens in and about the vicinity
of Franklin would come to hear him, although he would denounce
them in such terms as only Colonel Moody could.
We lived very well off the products of the country, such as
apples, peaches, potatoes, and honey, all of which were plentiful.
About the 1st of September we returned to Nashville. We
took a train or two of cars, loaded with corn, to that city.
When about half way, the train stopped, and the engineer
jumped from his engine and took to the woods, thinking,
doubtless, that the train would be captured. But Colonel Moody
said the train should go into Nashville if the men had to i)ush it
in. However, a man was found who ran the train in.
On arriving in the vicinity of Nashville we went into the
THE SEVENTY FOrUTH.
-woods and camjied. While there a nv^in wns cleaning his gun,
when it was accidentally discharged, killing a negro. We stayed
in camp only one night, when we received orders to change
camp. We then camped near the city, on the Franklin pike,
where we remained a short time.
A great many negroes were employed at that time, working
on the fortifications around the city, especially Fort Negley, near
our camp. I used to go to their meetings, which they held out
of doors. One evening I attended a social meeting, when one
old darkey arose to speak. The substance of his speech was as
follows: *' My bred'rin', you sees me gwine aroun' drivin' de
■cart. You do not know whedder Fse got religion or not; but
God knows it. By an' by I'll be high up in heaven, an' dese
wicked sinners will be low down in hell, where de blue blazes
of damnashun will be bilin' out of dar noses." These negroes
Avere very ignorant, making use of some very droll expressions.
We then moved camp south of town, into a field where the
^veeds were nearly as high as one's head. This camp was called
Camp Weeds. We stayed there a few days and then moved a
short distance, near the Hillsboro pike, not far from our old
•Camp Tod. This was about the time of the siege of Nashville,
when our communication was cut off. We suffered considerably
for want of rations. We could get none from the Government ;
and I have often thought since that the Government ought to
have paid us, as we drew none from its coffers. But about all
we could get to eat was what we could get in the county.
Foraging parties were sent out every few days, well guarded —
often a battery or two of artillery accompanying every expedition.
Even then we were not supplied very plentifully. The most Ave
got Avas corn, which had to go to feed the mules — sometimes a
few sweet potatoes or pumpkins. One day I ate nothing else
but a small sweet potato. The reason was obvious — I could
get nothing else. We named our camp "Starvation;" and in
26 ^ GREENE COUNTY IN THE WAR.
comparison to what we had been used to at home it was really
After remaining there a while we moved into the Chattanooga
Depot. The first day of our arrival was a very busy one, the
boys all being engaged in making bunks. It reminded one of a
large carpenter-shop, and all hands at work. Some of the boys
bunked in old freight-cars. The soldiers suffered much from
camp-diarrhea and flux, some of whom died. I will mention a
few of them : Thomas Harp and William Frenderburg, of
Company C, and Thomas Faulkner, of Company B, with,
perhaps, some others.
While here we were all called up before daylight, to drill,
every morning, and many were the curses heaped upon the
heads of the officers for this order. One morning we were all
called up long before daylight and fell into line, and the order
was given, " Forward, march," no one knowing where we were
going. We marched out about seven miles, and were ordered
to halt. A skirmish line was formed, and we were ordered to-
advance. (It was ascertained beforehand that a band of rebels
had been seen, but of course the regiment knew nothing of it.)
The regiment advanced a short distance when the advance
guard came on a squad of rebels. After a sharp httle skirmish
they drove them across the river, capturing a few and scattering
the rest. The regiment then returned to camp.
Orders were soon received to march toward Lebanon,
Tennessee. We marched out some seven miles and halted,
where we remained a short time. Then we started back toward
Nashville, and camped on Mill Creek. Here the Seventy-fourth
commenced building a bridge across that stream, the rebels
having burned the old one. This was about the middle of
We were temporarily assigned to the command of Brigadier
General ^Morgan. The general was a very plain-looking man.'
THE SEVENTY- FOURTH. 27
He generally wore an old blouse, and did not look much like
an officer. One day he visited the regiment to ascertain what
progress they were making on the bridge. The men were then
about placing a heavy piece of timber in position, when,
observing that it was heavy to carry, the general seized hold of
it and hfted until he was red in the face. It reminded me
somewhat of General Washington and the corporal, although
there was no corporal there giving commands. I suppose it is
not necessary to repeat the story, as doubtless all my readers are
acquainted with it.
While there I saw a revolting sight. A negro having died
in one of the out-houses, his body was foimd, one morning, with
his nose and part of his face eaten off by rats.
It was while we were here that I received the sad news of
the death of my father. Rev. G. B. Owens. I first heard of his-
sickness, then of his death. My readers may imagine my
feelings — away from home fighting for my country, without the-
privilege of visiting him in his last hours. Colonel Moody, in
his sermon on the next Sabbath, very touchingly referred to his
death, which affected me deeply.
About the last of November we again received orders to
march before completing the bridge. We were ordered to Camp
Hamilton, about seven miles from Nashville, near the Franklin
pike. Our camp was on the farm of a Mr. Overton. Here the
Army of the Cumberland was encamped, and reviewed by
General Rosencranz. When he rode through the camp of the
Seventy-fourth he had something to say to each company. To
Company C he said : " Boys, when you drill, drill like thunder.
It is not the number of bullets you shoot, but the accuracy of
the aim, that kills more men in battle." The object of this
review was to ascertain what the men needed before going into
battle. To an Irishman he said, ' ' Well, Pat, what do you.
want?" The Irishman replied, ''If it 's all the same to you,.
.28 GREENE COUNTY IN THE WAR.
gineral, I want a furlough." The general, turning away,
laughing, replied, ''Well, Pat, you'll do."
Near the camp was a large canebrake ; and the boys used
to go at night, with torches, to kill robins, of which there were
immense numbers. The light would blind them, and by taking
a stick they could be easily killed. Colonel Neibling, of the
Twenty-first Ohio Regiment, went into the brake one day and
got lost. He had to climb a tree to see which way to get out.
We had battalion drill frequently.
On the 2Gth of December, 1SG2, General Rosencranz
marched from Camp Hamilton, in three columns, toward Mur-
freesboro ; General McCook with the right division, by the
Nolensville pike ; General Thomas with the center, by the
Wilson pike ; and General Crittenden with the left on the
main Murfreesboro road. The country was hilly and rough,
with thickets of cedar, intersected by small streams, with rocky,
■bluff banks. The road was rough and muddy, and it was only
by the utmost efforts that the teams could be got through.
-General Negley, our division commander, frequently alighting
from his horse, pulling off his coat, and rolling up his sleeves,
would assist the teamsters in pulling through. Several times
Colonel Moody would become impatient, urging us on as we
struggled through the mud and rain, telling us that the fight
would be over before we got there, as ever and anon we could
hear the boom of cannon in advance of us. But I guess the
•colonel got enough of it.
On the night of the 30th the pickets of both armies could
sight each other by the light of burning dwellings. Constant
skirmishing had been kept up all day, as General Rosencranz
wished to discover the enemy. Occasionally a regiment
advanced to clear a thicket ; or a battery opened fire for a short
time.- At one time a cannon-ball took off part of a man's
head, who was standing within ten feet of the general, and
THE SEVENTY- FOURTH. 29^
another fell among his escort. Our losses during the day, in
these skirmishes, amounted to three hundred in killed and'
wounded. I am not speaking now of the Seventy-Fourth, but
the whole army. At night the weary soldiers threw themselves>
upon the cold ground, to snatch a brief repose, conscious that
on the morrow they were to be actors in a bloody tragedy.
Early on the morning of the 31st, General Rosencranz issued
the following address to his army :
"The general commanding desires to say to the soldiers of the
Army of the Cumberland, that he was well pleased with their conduct
yesterday. It was all that he could have wished for. He neither saw
nor heard of any skulking. They behaved with the coolness and,
gallantry of veterans. lie now feels perfectly confident, with God's
grace and their help, of striking this day a blow for the country — the
most crushing, perhaps, which the rebellion has yet sustained. Soldiers I
the eyes of the whole nation are upon you. The very fate of the nation
may be said to hang on the issues of this day's battle. Be true, then, to
yourselves; true to your own manly character and soldierly reputation ;:
true to the love of your dear ones at home, whose prayers ascend this
day to (lod for your success. Be cool. I need not ask you to be brave.
Keep ranks. Do not throw away your tire. Fire slowly, deliberately.
Above all, fire low, and always be sure of your aim. Close readily in
upon the enemy, and when you get within charging distance, rush upon
him with the bayonet. Do this, and victory will certainly be yours.
Recollect, that there are hardly any troops in the world that will stand a
bayonet charge, and those who make it, therefore, are sure to win."
On the morning of the olst the army of General Rosencranz
was in position on the field in the following order : McCook's
command consisted of three divisions — Johnson's on the right,.
Davis' in the center, and Sheridan's on the left, the latter
somewhat withdrawn, and acting as a reserve for the south
wing. The two divisions of Thomas, present on the field, held,
the center of the line — Negley on the right (in which division
was the Seventy fourth ) and Rousseau on the left. The left
wing of the army, under Crittenden, was posted in the following.
30 GREENE COUNTY IN THE WAR.
order ; Palmer's division on the right, Woods' in the center,
and Van Cleve's on the extreme left.
The rebel line of battle was formed with the command of
Bishop Polk on the right, consisting of two divisions of Preston
Smith and Breckenridge ; Kirby Smith, with three divisions,
held the center; and Hardee, with the three divisions of
Cheatham, McCown, and Withers, formed the right wing.
This wing was strengthened on the night preceding the battle
with the division of Clairborne. In numbers the armies were
unequal, as one of the strongest divisions of the Union army,
Mitchell's, was left to occupy Nashville. The field of battle
was mostly rolling ground, with patches of woodland. The pike
and railroad ran near each other, through the lines of battle,
and the ground on the right, where McCook was posted, was a
dense succession of cedar thickets, open spaces of rocky ground,
belts of timber, and small fields. A number of houses were
situated in different parts of the field.
Without further describing the relative positions of the
army, I will proceed to give a faint description of the battle:
At daylight the batteries of Sheridan's division shelled the rebels
in a piece of woods in front, and the division advanced. It
was immediately assailed with terrible energy by the rebels, who
were three times repulsed. They made a fourth attempt, with
re-enforcements, and the division was forced back. But the
energy of Sill and other gallant officers soon rallied the troops,
and the field in front was cleared of the enemy. General Sill
had fallen, pierced through the brain by a musket-ball. The
whole force of the onset was now brought against McCook's third
division, commanded by Sheridan. It fought until one fourth
of its members lay bleeding and dying on the field. Then it
gave way, and all three of its divisions were hurled back
together into the immense series of cedar thickets, which,
skirting the turnpike, extended far off to the right.
THE SEVENTY-FOURTH. 31
General Rosencranz, on hearing of the disaster to his right
wing, instantly set himself at work to retrieve it. Brigades and
batteries from the divisions of Rousseau, Negley, and Palmer,
were ordered to the right, to check the progress of the enemy,
and rally the fugitives. The infantry were rapidly massed in
an array of imposing strength along the turnpike, and facing
the woods through which the rebels were advancing. Still
the broken divisions of McCook disputed the ground while
retreating, and deeds of heroism were performed by officers and
men in those dark thickets. But in spite of the desperate
struggle which marked every fresh advance of the enemy, in
spite of the heroic sacrifice of life on the part of the officers and
soldiers of the Union army, the rebels still steadily advanced
and came nearer to the turnpike. Nearly two miles and a half
had the right wing been driven, and all the re-enforcements that
had been hurried into the woods to sustain it, had failed. The
roar of cannon, the crashing of shot through the trees, the
bursting of shell, and the continuous roll of musketry, all
mingled in one tremendous volume of sound, which rolled on
nearer and nearer to the turnpike, where the genius and vigor of
Rosencranz had massed the forces that were to receive the
enemy when he should emerge from the woods, in pursuit of
our retreating battalions. At last the long lines of the enemy,
rank upon rank, charged from the woods. A sheet of flame
burst from the Union ranks, a crash rent the air, and the
artillery shook the earth. The foremost lines of the rebel host
were literally swept away, and then both armies were enveloped
in a vast cloud of smoke. For ten minutes the thunder of battle
burst forth from the cloud, and when our battalions advanced
they found no rebels between the turnpike and woods, ^cept
the wounded, the dying, and the dead. The soil was red with
blood, for within a brief space of time the slaughter had been
awful, our troops having repulsed the rebel left, pushed into the
32 GREENE COUNTY IN THE WAR.
woods after them, and drove them back over the ground we had
It was eleven o'clock when Hardee was repulsed. In the
meantime while the battle was raging on the right, an attack was
made upon Palmer's division. The rebel's advanced with great
impetuosity, but were driven back with terrible loss. There was
now a lull in the storm, and scarcely a volley of musketry or
boom of cannon was heard for three quarters of an hour. Some
hoped that these bloody scenes were ended for the day ; but the
rebel leaders, disappointed by their failure to penetrate to our
camp by way of the right wing, were preparing for a blow at the
center. All the reserves were attached to the center of their
army, under Polk ; and Bragg, in person, placed himself at the
head of the columns. And now was presented an imposing
spectacle. The nature of the ground in this part of the field
was such that every movement of either army could be seen.
A fierce cannonading up the turnpike announced the coming
onset, and from the very woods out of which the rebel cavalry
issued on Monday evening, the first line of battle now sallied
forth. It came on in magnificent order, and stretching away
diagonally across a great sloping field, its length seemed
interminable. At a sufficient interval another line deployed
into the open ground parallel with the first, and ere the forward
battahons were engaged, a third line of battle came forth
from the same woods. It seemed that our feeble lines in that
direction must be crushed by the weight of these immense
masses of living and moving men. But the ever-watchful eye
of Rosencranz had detected the rebel design even before their
first line of battle emerged from the trees. The least-exhausted
troop* of the left and center were hurried forward on the double-
quick, to combat this new effort of the enemy ; and even from
the extreme left, where Van Cleve was posted, a brigade was
brought over to take part in the defense.
JHE SEVENTY- FOURTH. )^3
The same formidable array of batteries and battalions again
confronted the foe, as that upon which the violence of Hardee's
corps had spent itself, and similar results followed. Almost
simultaneously a sheet of fire leaped forth from each of the
opposite lines, and for a few minutes both stood like walls of
stone, discharging their deadly muskets into each other's
bosoms. Then the rebels attempted to charge, but a storm of
lead and iron hail burst into their faces and all around them,
sweeping them down by the hundreds. If once the Union
soldiers wavered, it was only for a moment, and in forty minutes
from the time the first rebel line marched fortli, all three of
them had been dashed to pieces, and the survivors of the
conflict, flying in wild confusion over the slope, were disappear-
ing in the depths of the woods.
The battle of the day was over. Until four o'clock the
rebels continued to fire a cannon in the direction of Murfrees-
l)oro, as though in angry protest against their repulse. But
when this ceased there was silence all over tlie field, so deep by
contrast with the tumult of the battle that had raged all day, that
it seemed oppressive and supernatural. The battle was over ;
but who can describe the sufferings which followed I The night
air was piercingly cold, and in the midst of these gloomy forests
of pine and cedars, where the night winds sighed through the
leafless branches, singing, as it were, a requiem to the hundreds
of freezing, bleeding, and dying men whom no human hand
could ever succor — perhaps even at that very hour their fond
wives or loving mothers at home were on their knees offering up
their petitions to (jod for their loved ones on the battle-field.
Ah, could they have known their situation then, and had it in
their power, how they would have gone, with rapid speed, to
administer to their wants. Oh, how often on that long and
dreary night of the 31st of December, 1802, as I lay wounded
on the ground, at the field hospital, with no covering but part
34 GREENE COUNTY IN THE WAR.
of an old blanket — which Sergeant A . B. Cosier kindly pro-
cured for me — did I think of my loving wife and dear mother
at home. You, my dear friends, who never participated in the
toils, sufferings, and hardships of a soldier's life, know but little
about it, only as you have read or heard soldiers tell of it. Yet
I am sorry to say that there are some who are unwilling to give
the soldier a small pension. If every soldier that fought and
bled for his country was to receive a pension, he never could be
paid for what he has suffered. Shame on the narrow, contracted
soul — if he has a soul — that begrudges pensioning the soldiers.
The rebel pickets advanced at night to the edge of the
woods skirting the open ground which was the scene of Hardee's
terrible repulse. The hostile lines of battle were probably a
thousand yards apart. The intc vening space was covered with
wounded, who could not be caiiied off. He who chose to risk
it could crawl carefully up to the edge of the wood, and hear
shrieks, cries, and groans of the wounded men who were lying
by hundreds among the trees. The men in our advance-line lay
down, as well as they could, upon ground over which the storm
of battle had swept. It was difficult to distinguish the bodies of
the sleepers from the corpses. Living and dead were slumbering
peacefully together, with this difference : the one was to rise
again to renew the conflict, the other had fought his last battle
on earth. There were places that night where sleep came not
to steep the senses m gentle forgetfulness. The poor soldier,
whom the bullets had not reached, could gather a few sticks or
cornstalks for a bed, clasp his faithful musket in his arms, with his
blanket around him — if he were so fortunate as to have one —
and sleep ; but not that deep, profound slumber had he been at
home in his warm bed. Ever and anon he would awake, his
frame shivering with the bitter cold. He could build no fires,
for that would reveal our position to the enemy. But the
mangled hero, lying on the field or in the hospital, knew no
THE SEVENTY-FOURTH. 35
repose; and to those who felt themselves maimed for life the
keen mental anguish must have been even more intolerable than
On Thursday morning the sun arose without clouds, but
along the eastern horizon was a broad zone of mist and fog
through which the great luminary looked red and bloody, as if
in sympathy with the horrors of the battle-field. It was just
eight o'clock when the roar of cannon re-commenced, with a
terrible significance unknown a few days before. A skirmish
had begun between the pickets in front of Palmer's lines and
those of the enemy. Our batteries immediately commenced
shelling the woods from which the rebel fire proceeded. Two
dozen pieces of the enemy's artillery opened in reply, and
having by this time accurately obtained the range of the elevated
ground between the pike and railroa.d upon which so manv of
our troops were massed, their guns were worked with greater
effect than ever before. Every form of shell, shrapnell, round
shot, spherical case and oblong shot were hurled in most un-
pleasant confusion over the field. Our infantry, unable to take
any part in this terrible duel, lay close upon the ground, the
fiery missiles continually whizzing and bursting over their heads,
and tearing up the earth among them and around them. It is
wonderful that so few were injured by this iron tempest; yet
there was scarcely a regiment all along the center that did not
have some of its members killed or wounded. The Seventy-
fourth was not the only regiment that lost members. Several
Greene County boys in other regiments were killed and wounded.
I have reference here to Greene County soldiers. I wish I had
a list of all soldiers that were killed or wounded. But as Major
Peters said at the reunion of the Seventy-fourth at Xenia, Sep-
• tember 20, t8S3, we never will know to a certainty. Some
never could be found.
The Eighth Indiana Battery, Lieutenant Estepp command-
36 GREENE COUNTY IN THE WAR.
ing, was moved nearest the rebel lines, and did great service in
finally silencing the enemy's guns. Several of its brave men
were wounded, one third of the horses were disabled, and some
of the pieces were drawn to the rear by hand. This day, like
the preceding Tuesday, passed off in a series of skirmishes.
Late in the afternoon a body of rebel cavaky appeared on a
rising ground in front, but Colonel Loomis turned a couple of
his Parrott guns in that direction, and a stampede quickly fol-
lowed. The army passed another uncomfortable and cheerless
night upon the battlefield; but General Rosencranz was not
idle. During the night he sent the division of Van Cleve across
the river on the left, where it got into position.
Early on Friday morning the thunder of rebel artillery called
the troops to arms. Our batteries soon replied to theirs, and
the fierce cannonading was kept up for .half an hour, and then
ceased on both sides. During this time one rebel gun was dis-
mounted, and the battery to which it belonged, silenced. Hour
after hour passed by and no earnest attempt was made by the
rebels to renew the battle. At last, about four o'clock in the
afternoon, a heavy cannonade, that had opened on tlie left, '.vas
followed by a deafening crash of musketry, and the whole army
at once comprehended that the battle was renewed by an attack
on Van Cleve's division, on the other side of Stone River.
Bragg had massed three of his divisions, the whole under the
command of Brecken ridge, and hurled them against the division
of Van Cleve. Our brigades struggled for a time with great
bravery against the tremendous odds; but beJng literally over-
whelmed by superior numbers, two of them gave way. The
third held its ground for awhile, but the prospect of bemg sur-
rounded brought on a panic. Then it broke with the others and
fell back to and across the river. The rebels made preparations
to follow, but by this time Negley, who had been hurried over
from the center to re-enforce Van Cleve, suddenly confronted
THE SEVENTY-FOURTH. 37
them with his compact Hues of battle. The divisions of Wood
and Davis, and the Pioneer Brigade of Morton, were placed in
position by General Rosencranz, to support Negley, and open
with all their batteries upon the host of Breckenridge. The
rebel batteries were also in commanding position. The rebels
soon recoiled under the terrific fire poured into them by Negley's
division, and fell back from the river, followed, however, by our
brave troops, who forded the stream and made a lodgment on
the opposite side in a narrow strip of timber, destitute of under-
brush and bounded by a rail fence. At this fence the rebels
rallied, and as our men ascended the bank they were greeted by
a storm of bullets, which, for a moment, checked their advance.
By the exertions of Stanley and 3>Iiller the division was formed
rapidly upon the bank, and with a tremendous shout they
•charged the rebel lines. The latter wavered and then broke.
The ground over which they retreated was a low, wooded one.
Our troops followed closely in the pursuit. The Seventy- eighth
Pennsylvania captured the flag of the Twenty-sixth Tennessee.
The divisions of Wood and Davis followed that of Negley. The
flying regiments of Breckenridge debouched from the woods
upon open cornfields, in the edge of which their batteries of
fourteen guns were in position. A charge was made upon these,
and the Nineteenth Illinois captured three guns Colonel Miller's
■command took a battery, the Seventy-fourth Ohio capturing it.
The rebels again fled, followed by a tempest of bullets, which
covered the ground with wounded and dead. Beyond was a
dense forest, reaching to the town of Murfreesboro. It was now
night, and Negley deemed it expedient to enter the woods at
that time. From the cornfields to the river the distance was
about one mile, and within that space the evidences of the terri-
ble carnage were everywhere visible. Nearly one thousand
rebels were killed outright in this attack, and the woods re-
sounded with the shrieks and groans of the wounded and dying.
38 GREENE COUNTY IN THE WAR.
At twelve o'clock that night it commenced raining, and the
unsheltered soldiers had a hard time of it. When Saturday-
morning came it was still raining, and the men had barely time
to prepare their rations before they were called to arms by the
roar of artillery on the center. x\n onset had been made on the
Forty-second Indiana, which was out on picket-duty. The men
behaved well, but met with considerable loss. All day the rain
poured down ; but General Rosencranz was busy guarding every
point with hastily-constructed works. A slow advance toward
the enemy was made by a series of rifle-pits. A brick house,
the inside of which had been burned out, sheltered the enemy's
sharp-shooters. General Rosencranz soon removed the annoy-
ance by the aid of Loomis' and Guenther's batteries. In ten
minutes the walls were leveled to the ground. Near this house
the enemy had constructed rifle-pics, from which they fired upon
our pickets. It was determined to drive them out, and Colonel
John Beatty was selected to lead the storming party. Taking
with him the Third Ohio, his own regiment, and the Eighty-
eighth Indiana — Colonel Humphreys — he advanced with the
utmost intrepidity, drove out the enemy at the point of the
bayonet, and triumphantly held the works. Another night was
passed on the battle-field, and the soldiers awoke on Sunday
morning to find the ground covered with snow. As the day
advanced the snow melted, and the mud became very disagree-
able. It was a glad moment when the announcement was made
to the army that Bragg had retreated, with all his force, from
Murfreesboro, and that the Union army would march forward
into the town.
On Sunday, January 4th, General Rosencranz entered
Murfreesboro. The day will be a memorable one in our
Our losses in the battle of Stone River were as follows :
Officers killed, 88; officers wounded, 367; men killed, 1,38(>;
THE SEVENTY-FOURTH. 39
men wounded, G46. Total, 8,287. Loss in Pioneer Brigade,
48; loss in cavalry, 150 — making a total loss of 8,485. In
addition to these losses, the number set down as missing
amounted to 2,800.
The rebel loss was estimated at over 14,000 in killed and
wounded. Some four thousand of our wounded men were
removed to Nashville, and two thousand were placed in hospitals
at Murfreesboro. About fifteen hundred of the rebel wounded
were left at the latter place when Bragg retreated.
Large numbers of surgeons proceeded immediately from
the North to these two points, to attend to the sufferers, accom-
panied by agents of state and general government sanitary
commissions. The following extract from a letter written by
one of these gentlemen, Mr. Sessions, who accompanied the
corps of surgeons, and directed the work of the sanitary com-
mission from Columbus, Ohio, gives us an idea of the condition
of our own and also of the rebel hospitals after this sanguinary
battle. The women of the North can also see a small portion
of the beneficent results of this association, flowing from their
noble efforts in establishing and sustaining societies to aid the
suffering soldiers. Mr. Sessions writes from Murfreesboro, eight
days after the batde, as follows: "We arrived here last Satur-
day, after a pleasant ride in an ambulance, from Nashville —
thirty miles. We saw, everywhere, the effects of war, and that
two large armies had skirmished and fought most of the way.
For fifteen miles nearly every house was burned, and all looked
devastation and ruin. One village — Lavergne — was burned;
and near by were the ruins of our large army train, burned by
the rebels on the first day of the battle. Horses and mules
burned to death gave one a horrid picture of war. For the
remaining fifteen miles, every house was occupied as a hospital,
where our poor soldiers are suffering from wounds, and the loss
of limbs, and the groans of the dying are heard as you pass."
40 GREENE COUNTY IN THE WAR.
At Murfrcesboro, Mr. Sessions visited the rebel hospitals,
which he found in charge of a former acquaintance of his from
the North. He says: "I visited, with him, the rebel hospitals
under his charge, and found them wanting many things — indeed
almost everything to make them comfortable. Men badly
wounded were lying upon the hard floor, without straw, because
it could not be obtained from us; and the poor men were calhng
out for something to eat. I asked him why this was so. He
replied, 'Because we have not got it to give them." Hte was
kind and attentive to the men, and was doing all in his power to
make them comfortable. The other rebel hospitals were in a
wretched condition — filthy, and not half cared for by their
surgeons. Gangrene was making its appearance from the
wounds, lliere are about fifteen hundred wounded rebels here.
In a large church, with upper and lower rooms occupied by
them, they had only one candle to see to attending several
hundred men during the night; and one of our party took some
over to them. 1 understand they took away or burned all their
hospital stores when they evacuated the city; and the first thing,
on our entrance, they made a requisition for everything on our
medical director. " Another instance of their unscrupulousness
in throwing the whole burden of providing for them on us.
In reference to our own hospitals he says ; '' We have about
two thousand wounded here and in the vicinity, and all are well
cared for — a better supply of hospital stores and medical sup-
plies than there were either at Fort Donaldson, Shiloh, or
Antietam. The government supplies were good, and the United
States Sanitary Commission, under the direction of Dr. J. S.
Newberry, western secretary, at Louisville, had forwarded sixty
or seventy tons of all kinds of clothing, dried and canned fruit,
concentrated beef and chickens, etc., necessary for the comfort
of the sick and wounded. Dr. Read, their inspector, with his
assistants, was busy night and day distributing articles to the
THE SEVENTY- FOURTH. 41
surgeons and hospitals, arranging and controlling the operations,
Temoving our own wounded from rebel hospitals, etc. Eight
wagon-loads of supplies were sent on Monday, and seven on
Wednesday, from Nashville, and a large amount distributed among
our four thousand wounded in Nashville. It was an exceedingly
gratifying sight to see boxes of sanitary goods, at the different hos-
pitals, with the imprint of 'Soldiers' Aid Society, Cleveland,' boxes
marked with contents from 'Soldiers' Aid Society, Columbus,'
•and other places. Our soldiers think, as one said, they come
from God's country.'"
As evidence that the benevolent labors of the United States
Sanitary Commission were properly appreciated by the army, we
•quote the following letter from the Rev. (rranville Moody, then
colonel of the Seventy-fo\jrth Ohio Regiment. It was addressed
to Dr. Read, the inspector of the commission :
Sir: — I desire to express to you, and through you to the generous
and patriotic donors sustaining the Sanitary Commission, my high regard
and appreciation of the works of love in which they are engaged. As I
have visited the various hospitals in this place and looked upon the pale
faces of the sufferers, and marked the failing strength of many a manly
form, I have rejoiced in spirit as I have seen your benevolence embodied
in substantial food, delicacies, and clothing, judiciously and systematically
<iistributed by those who are officially connected with the army. If the
•donors could only know how much good their gifts have done, and could
hear the blessings invoked upon their unknown friends by the suffering
•ones, they would more fully realize the divine proverb, "It is more
blessed to give than to receive." We would advise all who wish to
€xtend the hand of charity so as to reach the suffering officers and
■soldiers who have stood " between their loved homes and foul war's
desolation," to commit their offerings to the custody of " the United
States Sanitary»Commission," an organization authorized by th'e secretary
of war and the surgeon general, having the confidence of the army, and
affording a direct and expeditious medium of communication with the
several divisions of the army free of expense to the donors, and entirely
reliable in its character. It is also worthy of special note that the goods
42 GREENE COUNTY IN THE WAR.
intrusted to the commission are distributed to those who are actually sick
or convalescent ; and this is under the scrutiny of the most responsible
persons in its employ, and through regularly established official agencies
in the army. If the patriotic donors of the several states would direct
their contributions into this channel, it would save much expense of
agencies, blend the sympathies of Union men of the several states, and
prevent unpatriotic distinctions in the patients in the hospitals, who are
from every regiment, from -every state. Side by side they fought and
were wounded, and side by side they suffer in hospitals ; and the commis-
sion, through appropiate agencies, extends its aid alike to the sons of
Virginia and Pennsylvania, Ohio and Kentucky, Indiana and Tennessee,
Michigan and Missouri, thus giving prominence to our cherished national
motto, *'We are many in one." As an illustration, the other day an
agent of a Wisconsin society came to a hospital with sanitary goods for
Wisconsin soldiers, and went along the wards, making careful discrimina-
tion in behalf of Wisconsin soldiers, but soon saw it was an ungracious
task, and handed over his goods to the United States Sanitary Commis-
sion. Learning this, one of the Wisconsin soldiers said, "I'm glad of
.that ; for it made me feel so bad when my friends gave me those good
things the other day and passed by that Illinois boy on the next bed
there, who needed them just as much as I did. But I made it square
with him, for I divided what I got with him." Brave, noble fellow ! His
was the true spirit of a soldier of the United States. We have a common
country, language, religion, interest, and destiny ; and we should closely
weave the web of our unity, so that the genius of liberty may, like Him
" who went about doing good," wear a " seamless garment." We believe
in the constitutional rights of states, but most emphatically believe in our
glorious nationality, which, like the sun amidst the stars, has a surpassing
glory and is of infinitely greater importance, and should be cherished iu
every appropriate form of development.
Colonel Commanding Seventy-fourth Regiment.
THE SEVENTY- FOURTH. 43
OFFICIAL REPORT OF GENERAL ROSENCRANZ.
Head-quarters Department oe the Cumrerland, ^
MuRFREESBORO, TENNESSEE, February 12, 1863. /
General: — As the sub-reports are now nearly all in, I have the-
honor to submit, for the information of the general-in-chief, the subjoined
report, with accompanying sub-reports, maps, and statistical table of the
battle of Stone River.
To a proper understanding of this battle it will be necessary to state
the preliminary movements and preparations. Assuming command of
the army at Louisville, on the 27th day of October, it was found concen-
trated at Bowling Green and Glasgow, distant about one hundred and
thirteen miles from Louisville, whence, after replenishing with ammuni-
tion, supplies, and clothing, they moved on to Nashville, the advance
coi-ps reaching that place on the morning of the 7th of November — a
distance of one hundred and eighty-three miles from Louisville.
At this distance from my base of supplies, the first thing to be done
was to provide for the subsistence of the troops and open the Louisville
& Nashville Railroad. The cars commenced running through on the
26th of November, previous to which time our supplies had been brought
by rail to Mitchelville, thirty-five miles north of Nashville, and thence,
by constant labor, we had been able to haul enough to replenish the
exhausted stores for the' garrison at Nashville and subsist the troops of
the moving army.
From the 26th of November to the 26th of December every effort
was bent to complete the clothing of the army, to provide it with
ammunition, and replenish the depot at Nashville with needful supplies
to insure us against want from the largest possible detention likely to-
occur by breaking of the Louisville & Nashville Railroad ; and to insure
this work, the road was guarded by a heavy force posted at Gallatin.
The enormous superiority of numbers of the rebel cavalry kept our
little cavalry force almost within the infantry lines, and gave the enemy
control of the entire country around us.
It was obvious, From the beginning, that we should be confronted by
Bragg's army, recruited by an inexorable conscription, and aided by
clouds of mounted men, formed into guerrilla-like cavalry, to avoid the
hardships of conscription and infantry service.
44 GREENE CUUNTY IN THE WAR.
The evident difficulties and labors of an advance into this country,
and against such a force, and at such distance from our base of opera-
tions — with which we were connected by a single precarious thread —
made it manifest that our policy was to induce the enemy to travel over
as much as possible of the space that separated us, thus avoiding for us
the wear and tear and diminution of our forces, and subjecting the
enemy to all these inconveniences, besides increasing for him, and dimin-
ishing from us, the dangerous consequences of a defeat. The means
taken to obtain this end were eminently successful. The enemy, expect-
ing us to go into winter-quarters at Nashville, had prepared his own
winter-quarters at Murfreesboro, with the hope of possibly making them
"at Nashville, and had sent a large cavalry force into West Tennessee to
annoy Grant, and another lai^ge force into Kentucky to break up the
railroad. In the absence of these forces, and with adequate supplies in
Nashville, the moment was judged opportune for an advance on the
rebels. Polk's and Kirby Smith's forces were at Murfreesboro, and
Hardee's corps on the Shelbyville and Nolensville pike, between Triune
and Eaglesville, with an advance guard at Nolensville, while our troops
lay in front of Nashville, on the Franklin, Nolensville, and Murfreesboro
The plan of the movement was as follows: [But as the plan has
■ already been given it is not tiecessary to repeat it here. — Author.]
General Rosencranz addressed General McCook as follows :
'^ You know the ground — you have fought over its difficulties —
can you hold your present position for three hours?" To which
General McCook replied, "Yes, I think I can." The general
commanding then said ; "I don't like the facing so much to the
•east, but I must confide that to you, who know the gromid. If
you don't think your present the best position, change it." And
the officers then retired to their commands.
At daylight on the morning of the 31st the troops breakfasted [some
-of them, not all. — Author.] and stood to their arms, and by seven
-o'clock were preparing for the battle.
The movement began on the left by General Van Cleve, who crossed
at the lower fords. Wood prepared to sustain and follow him. The
• enemy, meanwhile, had prepared to attack General McCook, and by
THE SEVENTY-rOURTH, 45-
half past six o'clock advanced in heavy columns, regimental front, his
left attacking Willich's and Kirk's brigades of Johnson's division, which,
being disposed as shown in the map, thin and light, without support,
were, after a sharp but fruitless contest, crumbled to pieces and driven
back, leaving Edgarton's and part of Goodspeed's battery in the hands^
of the enemy. The enemy following up, attacked Davis' division and
speedily dislodged Post's brigade. Carlin's brigade was compelled to
follow, as Woodruff's brigade, from the weight of testimony, had pre-
viously left its position on his left. Johnson's brigade, on retiring,,
inclined too far to the west, and were too much scattered to make a<
combined resistance, though they fought bravely at one or two points
before reaching Wilkinson's pike. The reserve brigade of Johnson's-
division, advancing from its bivouac near Wilkinson's pike, towards the
right, took a good position, and made a gallant but ineffectual stand, as-
the whole rebel left was moving up on the ground abandoned by our
Within an hour from the time of the opening of the battle a staff
officer from General McCook arrived, announcing to me that the right-
wing was heavily pressed and needed assistance ; but I was not advised
of the rout of Willich's and Kirby's brigades, nor of the rapid with-
drawal of Davis' division, necessitated thereby. Moreover, having sup-
posed his wing posted more compactly and his right more refused than it
really was, the direction of the noise of battle did not indicate to me the
true state of affairs. I consequently directed him to return and direct^
General McCook to dispose his troops to the best advantage, and to hold
his ground obstinately.
Soon after a second officer from General McCook arrived, and stated,
that the right wing was being driven — a fact that was but too manifest
l^y the rapid movement of the noise of battle lf)ward the north. General-
Thomas was immediately dispatched to order Rousseau — then in
reserve — into the cedar brakes to the right and rear of Sheridan.
Geneial Crittenden was ordered to suspend Van Cleve's movement across^
the river, on the left, and to cover the crossing with one brigade, and
move the other two brigades westward across the fields, towards the
railroad, for a reserve. Wood was also directed to suspend his prepara-
tions for crossing,, and to hold Hascall in reserve. At this moment
fugitives and stragglers from McCook's corps began to make their ajipear-
ance through the cedar iM-akes in such numlu^rs that I became satisfied.
46 GREENE COUNTY IN THE WAR.
that McCook's corps was routed. I therefore directed General Crittenden
to send Van Cleve in to the right of Rousseau, Wood to send Colonel
Harker's brigade further down the Murfreesboro pike, to go in and
attack the enemy on the right of Van Cleve, the Pioneer brigade, mean-
while, occupying the knoll of ground west of the Murfreesboro pike
and about four or five hundred yards in the rear of Palmer's center, sup-
porting Stockton's battery.
Sheridan, after sustaining four successive attacks, gradually swung
his right from a south-easterly to a north-westerly direction, repulsing the
enemy four times, losing the gallant General Sill of his right and Colonel
Roberts of his left brigade, when, having exhausted his ammunition —
Negley's division being in the same predicament, and heavily pressed —
after desperate fighting, they fell back from the position held at the com-
mencement, through the cedar woods, in which Rousseau's division, with
a portion of Negley's and Sheridan's, met the advancing enemy and
checked his movements.
The ammunition train of the right wing, endangered by its sudden
■discomfiture, was taken charge of by Captain Thurston, of the First
Ohio, a regular ordnance officer, who, by his energy and gallantry, aided
by a charge of cavalry and such troops as he could pick up, carried it
through the woods to the Murfreesboro pike, around to the rear of the
left wing, thus enabling the troops of Sheridan's division to replenish
their empty cartridge-boxes. During all this time Palmer's front had
likewise been in action, the enemy having made several attempts to
advance upon it.
At this stage it became necessary to re-adjust the line of battle to
the new state of affairs. Rousseau and Van Cleve's advance having
relieved Sheridan's division, withdrew from their original position in front
of the cedars and crossed ^le open field to the east of the Murfreesboro
pike, about four hundred yards in the rear of our front line, where Negley
was ordered to replenish his ammunition and form in close column in
The right and center of our line now extended from Hazen to the
Murfreesboro pike, in a north-westerly direction, Hascall supporting
Hazen, Rousseau filling the interval to the Pioneer brigade, Negley in
reserve, Van Cleve west of the Pioneer brigade, McCook's corps refused
on his right and slightly to the rear on the Murfreesboro pike, the cavalry
being still further to the rear, on the Murfreesboro pike, and beyond
THE SEVENTY-FOURTH. 47
Overall's Creek, The enemy's infantry and cavalry attack on our extreme
right was repulsed by Van Cleve's division, with Harker's brigade and
After several attempts of the enemy to advance on this new line —
.which were thoroughly repulsed, as also their attempts on the left — the
•day closed, leaving us masters of the original ground on our left, and
our new line advantageously posted, with open ground in front, swept at
all points by our artillery.
We had lost heavily in killed and wounded, and a considerable
number in stragglers and prisoners ; also, twenty-eight pieces of artillery,
the horses having been slain, and our troops being unable to withdraw
them by hand over the rough ground. But the enemy had been
thoroughly handled and badly damaged at all points, having had no
success where we had open ground and our troops were properly posted —
none which did not depend on the original crushing on our right and the
superior masses which were, in consequence, brought to bear upon the
narrow front of Sheridan's and Negley's divisions and a part of Palmer's,
coupled with the scarcity of ammunition, caused by the circuitous road
which the train had taken and the inconvenience of getting it from a
remote distance through the cedars.
Orders were given for the issue of all the spare ammunition, and we
found that we had enough for another battle, the only question being
where that battle was to be fought.
It was decided, in order to complete our present lines, that the left
.should be retired some two hundred and fifty yards, to a more advanta-
geous ground, the extreme left resting on Stone River above the lower
ford and extending to Stokes' battery. Starkweather's and Walker's
brigades arriving near the close of the evening, the former bivouacked in
close column, in reserve, in rear of McCook's left, and the latter was
posted on the left of Sheridan, near the Murfreesboro pike, and next
morning relieved Van Cleve, who returned to his position on the left
After careful examination and free consultation with corps command-
ers, followed by a personal examination of the ground in the rear as far
as Overall's Creek, it was determined to await the enemy's attack in that
position, to send for the provision train, and order up fresh supplies of
ammunition, on the arrival of which, should the enemy not attack,
offensive operations should be resumed.
48 GREENE COUNTY IN THE WAR.
No demonstration being made on the morning of the 1st of January,
Crittenden was ordered to occupy the points opposite the ford on his left
with a brigade. About two o'clock in the afternoon the enemy, who hads
shown signs of movement and massing on our right, appeared at the
extremity. of a field a mile and a half from the Murfreesboro pike, but
the presence of Gibson's brigade, with a battery, occupying the woods-
near Overall's Creek, and Negley's division and a portion of Rousseau's-
on the Murfreesboro pike opposite the field, put an end to this demon-
stration ; and the day closed with another demonstration by the enemy
on Walker's brigade, which ended in the same manner.
On Friday morning the enemy opened four heavy batteries on our
center, and made a strong demonstration of attack a little further to the
right ; but a well-directed fire of artillery soon silenced his batteries,
while the guns of Walker and Sheridan put an end to his effort there.
About three o'clock P. M., while the commanding general was exam-
ining the position of Crittenden's left, across the river, which was now
held by Van Cleve's division, supported by a brigade from Palmer's, a
double -line of skirmishers was seen to emerge from the woods in a south-
easterly direction, advancing across the fields ; and they were soon
followed by heavy columns of infantry, battalion front, with three bat-
teries of artillery. Our only battery on that side of the river had been
withdrawn from an eligible point ; but the most available spot was-
pointed out, and it soon opened fire upon the enemy. The line, however,
advanced steadily to within one hundred yards of the front of Vaii
Cleve's division, when a short and fierce contest ensued, ^'an Cleve's
division gave way and retired in considerable confusion across the river,,
followed closely by the enemy. General Crittenden immediately directed
his chief of artillery to dispose the batteries on the hill on the west side of
the river so as to open on them, while two brigades of Negley's division,
from the reserve, and the Pioneer brigade were brought up to meet their
onset. The firing was terrific, and the havoc terrible. The enemy
retreated more rapidly than they had advanced. In forty minutes they
lost two thousand men. General Davis, seeing some stragglers from Van
Cleve's division, took one of his brigades and crossed at a ford below, to
attack the enemy on his left flank, and by General McCook's order the
rest of his division was permitted to follow ; but when he arrived two
brigades of Negley's division and Hazen's l)rigade of I'almer's division
had pursued the flying enemy well acros.s the flehU capturing four pieces
'JHE SEVENTY- FOURTH. 49
of artillery and a stand of colors. It was now after dark, and raining,
or we should have pursued the enemy into Murfreesboro. As it was,
Crittenden's corps passed over, and with Davis occupied the crest which
was intrenched in a few hours. Deeming it possible that the enemy
might again attack our right and center thus weakened, I thought it
advisable to make a demonstration on our right by a heavy division
of camp-fires, and by laying out a line of battle with torches, which
answered the purpose.
On Saturday, January y\, it rained heavily from three o'clock in the
morning. The plowed ground, over which our left would be obliged to
advance, was impassable for artillery. The ammunition-train did not
arrive until ten o'clock, it was therefore deemed unadvisable to advance,
Init batteries were put in position on the left, by which the ground could
be swept, and even Murfreesboro reached by the Parrott guns. A heavy
and constant picket firing had been kept up on our right and center, and
extending to our left, which at last became so annoying that in the after-
noon I directed the corps commanders to clear the fronts. Occupying
the woods to the left of Murfreesboro pike with sharpshooters, the enemy
had annoyed Rousseau all day, and General Thomas and himself requested
])ermission to dislodge them and their supports which covered a ford.
This was granted, and a sharp fire from four batteries was opened for ten
or fifteen minutes, when Rousseau sent two of his regiments, which, \vith
Speer's Tennesseeans, and the Eighty-fifth Illinois Volunteers, that had
come out with the wagon trains, charged upon the enemy, and, after a
sharp contest, cleared the woods and drove the enemy from his trenches,
capturing from seventy to eighty prisoners.
Sunday morning, January 4th, it was not deemed advisable to
commence offensive movements ; and news soon reached us that the
enemy had fled from Murfreesboro. Burial parties were sent out to bury
the dead, and the cavalry was sent to reconnoiter.
Early on Monday morning General Thomas advanced, tlriving the
rear guard of rebel cavalry before him six or seven miles, toward Man-
chester. McCook and Crittenden's corps following, took position in
front of the town of Murfreesboro. We learned that the enemy's infantry
had reached Shelbyville by 12 M. on Sunday; but owing to the imprac-
ticability of bringing up supplies and the loss of 557 artillery horses,
further pursuit was deemed unadvisable.
It may be of use to give the following general summary of the
50 GREENE COUNTY IN THE WAR.
operations and results of the series of skirmishes, closing with the battle
of Stone River and occupation of INlurfreesboro. We moved on the
enemy with the following forces: Infantry, 41,421; artillery, 2,223 ;
cavalry, 3,296. Total, 46,940. We fought the battle with the following
forces: Infantry, 37,977 ; artillery, 2,223 ; cavalry, 3,200. Total, 43,400.
We lost in killed: Officers, 92; enlisted men, 1,441. Total, 1,533. We
lost in wounded: Officers, 384; enlisted men, 6,881. Total, 7,245.
Total killed and wounded, 8,778. Our loss in prisoners is not fully made
out, but the provost marshal general says, from present information they
will fall short of 2,800.
If there are many bloodier battles on record, considering the newness
and inexperience of the troops, both officers and men, or if there has
been more true fighting qualities displayed by any people, I should be
pleased to know it. On the whole, it is evident that we fought superior
numbers on unknown ground, inflicting much more injury than we
suffered. We were always superior on equal ground, with equal num-
bers, and failed of a most crushing victory on Wednesday by the exten-
sion and direction of our right wing.
This closes the narrative of the movements and seven days' fighting,
which terminated with the occupation of Murfreesboro. Beside the
mention which has been already made of the service of our artillery by
the brigade, division, and corps commanders, I deem it a duty to say
that such a marked evidence of skill in handling the batteries, and in
firing with effect, appears, in this battle, to deserve special commenda-
tion. Among the lesser commands which deserve special mention for
distinguished service in the battle is the Pioneer Corps, a body of 1,700
men, composed of details from the companies of each infantry regiment,
organized and instructed by Captain James St, Clair Morton, corps of
engineers, chief engineer of this army, which marched as an infantry
brigade to the left wing, making bridges at Stewart's Creek ; prepared
and guarded the ford at Stone River on the nights of the 29th and 30th ;
supported Stokes' battery, and fought with valor and determination on
the 31st, holding its position until relieved on the morning of the 2d;
advancing with the greatest promptitude and gallantry to support Van
Cleve's division against the attack on our left, on the evening of the same
day ; constructing a bridge and batteries between that time and Saturday
evening ; and the efficiency and esprit du corps suddenly developed in this
command, its gallant behavior in action, the eminent service it is contin-
THE SEVENTY-FOURTH. 51
ually rendering the army, entitle both the officers and men to special
public notice and thanks, while they reflect the highest credit on the
distinguished ability and capacity of Captain Morton, who will do honor
to his promotion to a brigadier general, which the President has prom-
The Eighteenth Regiment of Ohio Volunteers, at Stewart's Creek,
Lieutenant Colonel Bark commanding, deserves especial praise for the
ability and spirit with which they held their post, defended our trains,
succored their cars, chased away Wheeler's rebel cavalry, saving a large
wagon-train, and arrested and returned in service some two thousand
stragglers from the battle-field.
The First Regiment of Michigan, engineers and mechanics, at
Lavergne, under the command of Colonel Innis, fighting behind a slight
protection of wagons and brush, gallantly repulsed a charge from more
than ten times their numbers of Wheeler's cavalry.
For distinguished acts of individual zeal, heroism, and gallantry,
and good conduct, I refer to the accompanying list of special mentions
and commendations for promotion, wherein are named some of the many
noble men who have distinguished themselves and done honor to their
country and the starry symbol of its unity. But those names there are
by no means all whose names will be inscribed on the rolls of honor we
are preparing, and hope to be held in grateful remembrance by our
countrymen. To such men as Major General George H. Thomas,
true and prudent, distinguished in counsel and on many battle-fields for
his courage ; or Major General McCook, a tried, faithful, and loyal
soldier, who bravely breasted battle at Shiloh, and at.Perrysville, and as
bravely on the bloody field of Stone River ; and Major General Thomas
L. Crittenden, whose heart is that of a true soldier and patriot : I doubly
thank them, as well as the gallant, ever-ready Major General Rousseau,
for their support in this battle. Brigadier General D. S. Stanley, already
distinguished for four successful battles — Island No. lo. May 27th,
before Corinth, luka, and the battle of Corinth — at this time in com-
mand of our ten regiments of cavalry, fought the enemy's forty regiments
of cavalry, and held them at bay, and beat them whenever he could
meet them. In such brigadiers as Negley, Jefferson C. Davis, Johnson,
Palmer, Plascall, Van Cleve, Wood, Mitchell, Cruft, and Sheridan, and
such brigade commanders as Colonels Carlin, Miller, Hazen, Samuel
Beatty of the Nineteenth Ohio, Gibson, Gross, Wagner, John Beatty
52 GREENE COUNTY IN THE WAR.
of the Third Ohio, Harker, Starkweather, Stanley, and others whose
names are mentioned in the accompanying report, the government may
well confide. To these I offer my most heart-felt thanks and good wishes.
Words of my own can not add to the renown "of our brave and patriotic
officers and soldiers who fell on the field of honor, nor increase respect
for their memory in the hearts of our countrymen. The names of such
men as Lieutenant Colonel J. P. Garesche, the pure and noble Christian
gentleman and chivalric officer, who gave his life an early offering on the
altar of his country's freedom; the gentle, true, and accomplished
General Sill; the heroic and ingenious Colonels Roberts, Milliken,
Shaeffer, McKee, Reed, Foreman, Fred. Jones, Hawkins, Knell, and the
gallant and faithful Major Carpenter, of the Nineteenth Regulars, and
many other field officers, will live in our country's history, as well as many
others of inferior rank, whose soldierly deeds on this memorable battle-
field won for them the admiration of their companions, and will dwell in
our memories in long-future years, after God, in his mercy, shall hav<f
<riven us peace, and restored us to the bosoms of our homes and families.
Simple justice to the gallant officers of my staff — the noble and lamented
Lieutenant Colonel Garesche, chief of staff"; Lieutenant Colonel Taylor,
chief quartermaster ; Lieutenant Colonel Simmons, chief commissary ;
Major C. Goddard, senior aid-de-camp; Major Ralston Skinner, judge
advocate general ; Lieutenant Frank S. Bomb, aid-de-camp of General
Tyler ; Captain Charles Thompson, my aid-de-camp ; Lieutenant Byron
Kirby, Sixth United States Infantry, aid-de-camp, who was wounded on
the 31st; R. S. Thorn, Esq., a member of the Cincinnati bar, who acted
as volunteer aid-de-camp, behaving with distinguished gallantry; Colonel
Barnett, chief of artillery and ordnance ; Captain G. H. Gilman, Nine-
teenth United States Lifantry, inspector of artillery ; Captain James
Cvirtis, Fifteenth United States Infantry, assistant inspector general ;
Captain Wiles, Twenty-second Indiana, provost marshal general; Captain
Michler, topographical engineer ; Captain Jesse Merrill, of the signal
corps, whose corps behaved well ; Captain Elmer Otis, Fourth Regular
Cavalry, who commanded the second courier line, connecting the various
head-quarters, most successfully, and who made a most opportune and
brilliant charge on Wheeler's cavalry, routing the brigade, and recaptur-
ing three hundred of our prisonei-s; Lieutenant Edson, United States
ordnance officer, who, during the battle of Wednesday, distributed
ammunition under the fire of the enemy's batteries, and behaved bravely ;
THE SEVENTY-FOURTH. 53
Captain Hubbard and Lieutenant Newberry, who joined my staft' on the
field, acting as aids, rendered valuable services in carrying orders on the
field ; Lieutenant Byse, Fourth United States Cavalry, commanding the
escort of the head-quarters train, and distinguished himself with gallantry
and efficiency, who not only performed these appropriate duties to my
entire satisfaction, but accompanied me everywhere, carrying orders
through the thickest of the fight, watched while others slept, never weary
when duty called — deserve my pul)lic thanks, and the respect and grati-
tude of the army.
With all these facts of the battle fully before me, the relative num-
bers and positions of our troops and those of the rebels, the gallantry
and obstinacy of the contest, and the final result, I say, from conviction,
and as a public acknowledgment due to Almighty God, in closing this
report, '■^ non nobis, Dof?ii>ie, 71 on nobis ; sed noniine tuo da gloriam ! '''
WM. S. ROSENCRANS, Major General Commanding.
Brigadier General L. Thon'^as, Adjutant General, U. S. A.
I was slightly wounded in the battle of Stone River, and
taken to the field hospital, five miles toward Nashville. It was
impossible to supply all the wounded with tents. Rails were
hauled and fires built, and they were laid on the ground before
the fires. Men were wounded in every conceivable way — some
with their arms and legs shot off, some in the head, and some in
the body. It was heart-rending to hear their cries and groans.
One poor fellow, who was near me, was wounded in the head.
He grew delirious during the night, and w^ould frequently call
for his mother. He would say, " Mother, O mother, come and
help me ! " The poor fellow died before morning, with no
mother near to soothe him in his dying moments or wipe the
cold sweat from his brow. I saw the surgeons amputate limbs,
then throw the quivering flesh into a pile. Every once in a
while a man would stretch himself out and die. Next morning
rows of men were laid out side by side, ready for the soldiers'
burial. No weeping friends stood around ; no cofiin and hearse
to bear them away to the grave; no funeral orations delivered;
54 GREENE COUNTY IN THE WAR.
but there, away from home and kindred, they were wrapped in
the soldiers' blanket, a trench dug, their bodies placed side by
side, like they fought, a few shovelfuls of earth thrown upon
them, and they were left alone.
Among those who were wounded were Charles M. Wolf,
James Seldomridge, A. B. Cosier, and perhaps some others from
Company C, Seventy-fourth Ohio Regiment.
Through the kindness of Sergeant Cosier, I fared pretty
well. He procured an old blanket for me, and I lay by the
fire all night, much more comfortable than the night before, on
the battle-field. I said "comfortable." It may be imagined
that there was not much comfort anywhere. I was wounded
just above the left knee, by a musket-ball or a piece of shell, 1
am unable to tell which. Although my leg pained me consid-
erably, so that I slept very little during the night, still I did not
complain, as there were others who were hurt a great deal worse
than I was. Soon after I arrived at the hospital a surgeon
proposed to dress my wound ; but I told him to attend to others
around me, who needed attention first.
The next day it rained; and, having no shelter-tent, it was
very disagreeable. It was on Wednesday I was taken to the
hospital, and on Saturday, being able to hobble around with the
aid of a stick, I resolved to get back to the regiment, I accord-
ingly started to the front. Being lame, I made slow progress.
I had not gone far before I came up to a squad of men
guarding muskets which had been picked up on the battle field.
I had lost my gun during the battle, or, rather, I gave it to a
soldier to carry for me as I was going to the rear, and he set it
up against a tree and left it. I approached the officer who was
in command of the squad, and told him I had lost my gun. He
told me to go to the stack and select one for myself. I selected
a nice Enfield rifle, nearly new, and took it, and went on toward
THE SEVENTY-FOURTH. 55
On arriving at the front, which was in the after part of the
day, I was puzzled to find the Seventy-fourth, as I had been told
they had moved their position ; but after passing several regi-
ments and brigades, I inquired of some soldiers of an Indiana
regiment if they knew where the Eighth Division (General
Negley's) was. They informed me that the division was only a
few yards ahead of me, the left resting on the river. They
were preparing supper when I came up. I spoke to them, and
asked them if they could give a wounded soldier something to
eat, as I had eaten nothing since leaving the hospital in the
morning. They replied that they did not have much, but would
divide with me, and give me something. I wish I knew the
name of that regiment. Such generosity is not always found,
and especially among soldiers who are living on quarter rations.
I ate a hard-tack and a small piece of meat, thanked them, and
then set forward again.
After the battle of Stone River the soldiers had a hard time
to get something to eat. As much as twenty-five cents was
offered for a single hard-tack. Money could not buy rations.
They could not be had.
I found the Seventy-fourth near the river. The boys
appeared glad to see me; and it is certain I was glad to see
them. Soon after I arrived they were called out, but soon
returned. It was expected that the rebels would make an
attack ; but they did not. No doubt they had enough of the
Yankees, as they called the Union troops. That night it rained,
and I slept but little. It was a very quiet day compared to what
it had been for a few days past. We remained close to the
river until near evening. That night some one stole my
We received orders to march, as we supposed, into Mur-
freesboro, late on Saturday afternoon. We went over the field
so hody contested, and no one, only those who have been over a
56 GREENE COUNTY IN THE WAR.
battle-field after a hard fight, can form an idea of the spectacle it
presents. Numbers of dead men and horses were strewn over
the ground like old logs in a clearing or deadening. Guns,
knapsacks, pistols, cartridge-boxes, etc., and squads of burying
parties gathering up the dead, were to be seen on every side.
We moved up to the rebel breastworks, near the river. The
battery sent over a few shells, to ascertain whether the rebels
had gone or not. We spent the night among tlie dead, who
were lying all around us.
I will here subjoin a letter written soon after the battle :
THF. KILLED, WOUNDED, AND MISSING OF THE SEVENTY-FOURTH REGIMENT.
Head-quarters Seventy-fourth Regiment, O. V. I.,
-QUARTERS SeVENTY-FOURTH REGIMENT, O. V. I., )
MURFREESBORO, TENNESSEE, January lo, 1863. j
Messrs. Editors: — We copy from a report from the commanding
officer the following names of men killed, wounded, and missing in the
two late engagements before Murfreesboro. The battle was one of the
hardest and most terrible of the war. Our men suffered severely, both
before and after the fight, having to march through mud and rain, and
being obliged to lie out in the cold and wet, without tents or blankets.
On the morning of the 28th we took up our line of march to the
scene of the conflict, skirmishing through the day, and at eleven o'clock
at night we were ordered out to support a battery; and there we lay on
the cold ground, without fire, until sunrise. I suffered more that night
than in any night during the war.
At sunrise we were relieved ; but, after swallowing a hasty breakfast
— in fact, some not eating anything — we were ordered out again, and in
a short time we were engaged in deadly conflict with the enemy. Our
position was on the left center, in a dense growth of cedars, hiding, to
some extent, the enemy from our view. We, however, soon had the
privilege of giving them the contents of our guns, and with our trusty
and brave Colonel Moody, and gallant Major Bell, and Adjutant Arm-
strong, the Seventy-fourth went in with a will.
Colonel Moody's horse was shot from under him, and he narrowly
escaped with his life, his clothes being cut in several places. A ball
struck his pistol, which no doubt saved his life. But at all times he was
cool, not appearing the least excited, and giving his orders with great
THE SEVENTY FOURTH.
firmness. The men also stood up to the work without flinching. I think
the Seventy-fourth deserves great praise for the manner in which it acted
during the fight.
Some of our brave boys who went into that fight fell as martyrs to
their country. But their blood has not been shed in vain. Every drop
that they have shed is a lasting memorial of their undying love for their
country, and their memories will be held sacred for generations to come.
General Rosencranz, General Negley, and General Miller passed the
highest encomiums on the Seventy- fourth. General Rosencranz said he
believed the Seventy-fourth was a " fighting regiment." And if every
brigade and every division had done as well as General Negley's and
Colonel Miller's we would have whipped them out the first day.
Several of our officers lost their horses. Major Bell and Adjutant
Armstrong lost theirs. There were a great many horses, as well as men,
As you no doubt will get a statement of the losses on both sides
before this reaches you, T will close.
Yours respectfully. IRA S. OWENS,
Private Company C, Seventy-fourth O. V. I.
The following are the names of the killed, wounded, and
missing in the battle of December 31st:
Company A.— Corporal Isaac I. Smith. Privates Wyatt H.
Jones and Jacob Bushert. Total, 3.
Company F.— Sergeant William H. Smith. Private B. G.
Hughes. Total, 2.
Company I. — Private John Hawkins.
Company K. — Corporal John D. Hahon.
Colonel Granville Moody, slightly.
Company A.— Sergeant A. C. Mahan, slightly. Corporals
Samuel Schooley and James R. Hayslet. Privates Daniel S.
Wilson Barney Walters, Michael McMarrah, Jesse Curry, Jacob
Shields. Total, 8.
58 GREENE COUNTY IN THE WAR.
Company B. — Sergeant James McCann, slightly. Privates
John A. Seiss, seriously; William H. Pratt, Ephraim Dickenson,
Jacob Wildermott, and Jesse Stevens, slightly; Henry C.
Edwards and James Bone, badly (wounded accidentally).
Company C— Privates Henry G. Forbes, William T.
McDaniel, Philip Tracy, and Ira S. Owens, slightly; Alfred
Harold, badly; James H. Seldomridge, wounded badly in the
back; Charles M. Wolf, in the arm; Chauncey White, in the
leg; Samuel T. Miller, accidentahy in the foot. Total,. 9.
Company D. — Privates Philip Minehart, mortally; John Q.
Collins and Richard Galloway, slightly; J. Coppie, leg (since
amputated); P. Castello, J. McCune, William McAfee, F.
Hunter, and A. Ames. Total, 10.
Company E. — Corporal John Cox. Privates Ed. C. Snyder
and Wesley Snyder. Total, 3.
Company F. — Captain Walter Crook. Lieutenant M. H.
Peters. Sergeants Enos H. Walters and Cyrus Phillips. Orderly
Sergeant Charles C. Dodson. Corporals David Bansman and
Edon Schumer. Privates John Elder, George W. Beck, and
Patrick McConor. Total, 10.
Company G.— Orderly Sergeant M. K. McFadden. Cor-
poral L. Baker. Privates- Hiram Cox, John Handy, W^iUiam
Chambers, and J. C. Mansfield. Total, 6.
Company H. — Captain Joseph Ballard. First Lieutenant
David Snodgrass. First Sergeant Raper A. Spahr (since died).
Corporals Philip Stumm and Albert F. Johnson. Privates
Calvin Curl (since died), Dudley Day, Joseph Wyburn, John
A. Donald, and Augustus Houmard. Total, 10.
Company I. — First Lieutenant Robert Cullen, severely.
Sergeant John Toole. Privates Michael Connell, Terrence
McLaughlin, and James McCarty. Total, 5.
THE SEVENTY-FOURTH. 59
Company K. — Corporal William Carter. Private David
Steith. Total, 2.
Company A. — Privates Alex. Walthal and Charles Hummer..
Company B. — Privates Patrick McNary, Edward Persinger,.
George C. McClellan, and Charles Lucas. Total, 4.
Company D. — Corporals J. H. McClung and J. Hamilton.
Privates S. G. Stewart, Henry Frock, and William Drummonds.
Company E. — Private Isaac M. Keiser.
Company F. — Privates Jonathan Townsend, John O'Brien,,
and Jacob Candell. Total. 3.
Company G. — Private Charles Weaver.
Company H.— Corporal Fred Shull. Privates Christopher
Cline, Morris Haley, and Urs Yagge. Total, 4.
Total number of killed, 7 ; wounded, 78 ; missing, 22.
I regret that I have lost the list of those killed on the 2d of
The following letter was also written while at Murfreesboro,
to the Xenia Torchlight :
a visit to the gener.\l field hospital, near murfreesboro.
Camp near Murfreesboro, Tennessee, \
May 20, 1863. j
Messrs. Editors: — Yesterday morning I left camp, and visited the
general field hospital, situated one mile west of Murfreesboro, Tennessee,
on Stone River. The river runs nearly around it, forming almost an
island, the ground being in the shape of a horseshoe. Here I found
several of the Seventy-fourth boys who are detailed — among them, John
F. Reed, formerly of Cedarville, Greene County, who is clerking and
partly assisting in the washing and laundry department. Through him I
was enabled to gain considerable information pertaining to the hospital;,
and it may be interesting to your many readers to give a description of.
GREENE COUNTY IN THE WAR.
In company with Mr. Reed I visited, first, the washing and laundry
department. Here they employ thirty-two females (colored), and they
wash and iron about five thousand articles of clothing per week. Captain
Frink's lady, of the United States regular army, superintends this depart-
J next visited the garden. It contains about forty acres. Here I
found different kinds of vegetables growing — onions, potatoes, etc. The
ground is neatly laid out in squares, with streets running each way for
vehicles. In the center, where the streets cross, I understand it is the
intention to plant the Stars and Stripes.
George Sargent, of Company C, Seventy-fourth Regiment O. V. I.,
is ward-master of the hospital, which is divided into eight wards, the
streets being about fifty feet wide, with an avenue between each ward,
where the cooking is done. In each ward there is a frame house to cook
and eat in. There are two tables in a room, sufficient to accommodate
about eighty men at a time. I partook of their hospitality, and ate with
them. They have plenty to eat, and it is gotten up in good style.
There are about twenty ladies here from the northern states, who are
administering to the wants of the patients. And here let me say that if I
were to be sick in the army, I would rather be here than anywhere else,
with these angels of mercy to attend me while away from home,
M. Woodruff, formerly of the Seventy-fourth Illinois Volunteers, is
steward ; George Davis, druggist ; J. Wilkerson, of Company A, Seventy-
fourth O. V. I., postmaster; and Rev. Mr. Stuff, chaplain,
I also visited the clerk's office. The clerk showed me the books, and
the manner in which they are kept. There were about five thousand in
the hospital. They are sending away an average of seventy-five men a
day. The average rate of deaths is thirty per week. There are fifteen
hundred men in the hospital at present. The hospital is under the com-
mand of Dr. J. T. Findley.
The Seventy-fourth regiment is now commanded by Major Thomas
C. Bell, Colonel Moody having resigned. The health of the regiment is
good. The weather continues fine, and all is quiet here at present.
Yours trulv. IRA S. OWENS.
THE SEVENTY-FOURTH. (31
On the 10th we started back to Murfreesboro, and marched
eight miles and halted in the woods. That night it rained, and
we spent a disagreeable night. The next day we marched as
far as Lavergne, and halted and spent the night. It rained
quite hard that day and it was very disagreeable marching.
On the 14th we went foraging for corn. On our return to
camp it rained quite hard, and we got very wet.
On the 16th I was taken sick — had an attack of neuralgia,,
caused from exposure. The next day I was sent to No. 8
Hospital, Murfreesboro. I was very sick, and remained in the
hospital until the 7th of March, when I returned to the regiment.
On the 27th we moved camp west of town, to the fortifica-
tions, where we were engaged working until the 21st of April,
when we moved camp and joined the brigade, 'near where we
On the 25th I was detailed as clerk in the mustering office
at General Negley's head-quarters. Captain William Taylor was
the mustering officer. He is a grandson of President William
H. Harrison. I remained in the mustering office until the 12th
of May, when 1 reported to the regiment.
May 16th Colonel Moody appointed me ordnance-master
of the regiment. Colonel Moody resigned this day. 1 continued'
to act as ordnance-master as long as we remained at Murfreesboro.
Colonel Josiah Given, of the Eighteenth Ohio Volunteer
Infantry, was appointed colonel of the Seventy-fourth, and took
command after Colonel Moody's resignation.
June 24th we received marching orders. Tore up camp
and started, it raining, as usual, when we started on a march.
We marched eight miles toward Manchester, it raining all the
time. We carried our knapsacks, and at night halted and slept
in the woods, being wet all through with the rain, which con-
tinued all night ; yet so wearied were we that we enjoyed a good
rest notwithstanding the rain.
62 GREENE COUNTY IN THE WAR.
Next day we started again, and marched some two or three
miles, halting on the side of a hill, where we remained all night.
Fighting in front. Several ambulances, with wounded men,
went to the rear. The fighting was at Hoover's Gap. On the
26th we started again toward Manchester, and passed through
In December, 1862, the Seventy-fourth was placed in the
Seventh Brigade (Miller's), Eighth Division (Negley's), formerly
part of the center (Thomas') Fourteenth Army Corps, Depart-
ment of the Cumberland. The Seventy-fourth went into the
battle of Stone River with three hundred and eighty effective
men, of whom it lost, in killed and wounded, one hundred and
nine, and forty-six prisoners.
On the re-organization of the army at Murfreesboro, Ten-
nessee, in February, 1863, the Seventy-fourth was assigned to
the Third Brigade (Miller's), Second Division (Negley's), Four-
teenth Army Corps (Thomas').
Several changes took place among the officers. Colonel
Moody, Major Bell, and Captains Owens, McDowell, and
Ballard resigned, which made necessary the following promo-
tions : To colonelcy, Josiah Given, late Heutenant colonel of the
Eighteenth Ohio; to captaincies, Mills, Armstrong, McGinnis,
Tedford, and McElravy; to first lieutenantcies, McMillen,
Hunter, Hutchinson, Weaver, and Bricker; to second lieuten-
antcies, Adams, Scott, Drummond, and McGreavey.
After passing through the gap, the regiment had a toilsome
march through mud and rain. The enemy had been driven
back. We waded one creek thirteen times, and marched on
until after night. Most of the boys gave out before reaching
Manchester, and halted and lay beside the road until morning.
I, with several of the boys of Company C, lay all night at the
foot of a tree, with no covering, using our cartridge-boxes for
pillows. The next day, which was the 27th, we marched into
THE SEVENTY-FOURTH. 63
Manchester, and I was taken sick. The regiment was sent back
to Murfreesboro to guard a wagon-train, but I remained at
Manchester quite sick.
On the 28th the regiment was ordered forward. I, with
several others, was sent to a house that was formerly used for a
rebel hospital, where we remained one week, and then were sent
to Tullahoma. While at Manchester, we heard of the fall of
On arriving at Tullahoma we were placed in the hospital
which they were just starting. The accommodations were poor,
but better than at Manchester. I remained at the hospital four
weeks. The First Ohio Regiment was camped near, and some
of the boys would come to see me every day. Meanwhile, the
regiment was in camp at Deckherd Station, on the Nashville &
From Tullahoma I was sent to Nashville, to No. 1 Hospital.
We arrived at Nashville at midnight, and were conveyed in
ambulances to the hospital. I was very much fatigued on
arriving at Nashville, having had to sit up all the way from
Tullahoma. I was consigned to Ward 3, in the third story.
The ward-master and nurses were very kind to me. As soon as
convenient I was shown my cot, and lay down, very tired and
sleepy, and had just got into a refreshing sleep when the nurse
aroused me, announcing something to eat. Hungry as I was, I
would rather have slept than eat. I remained in the hospital
about five weeks; then was sent to the convalescent camp,
about a mile south of the city. ^Several of the Seventy-fourth
boys were sick at different hospitals at the same time, and were
also sent to the convalescent camp.
After remaining in the camp a short time I was detailed by
General Granger — who was commanding the post at Nashville
— as nurse in Hospital No. 8. Here I found it a very arduous
duty — much more so than camp duty — attending upon the sick
64: GREENE COUNTY IN THE WAR.
and wounded who were brought in from the Chickamauga
battlefield, which required all my time. I got but little rest.
Here I formed the acquaintance of several comrades in arms
whom I shall never forget. Hard as was the duty to be per-
formed, I spent some very pleasant hours while there. We had
preaching every Sabbath. There was also quite a revival of
religion. Several professed to have been converted.
After having been there several weeks the duty was not
quite so hard. I was promoted to ward-master in Ward No. 3,
which duty was not quite so hard as nursing. I had more
We formed a lyceum in the hospital, and had some very
interesting meetings. Once in a while we would give public
entertainments in the large hall, or lecture room, which was
fitted up with a fine stage, curtains, etc. At first our fare was
poor, rations being scarce.
There was not a man in the hospital who liked the surgeon.
He was proud, aristocratic, domineering, and mean. He could
hardly speak a kind word to any of the nurses. I do not suppose
he ever smelled powder or was in a battle. We had a good
many just such men in the army. They were remembered
afterward. Those who used a little brief authority while they
could, fared worse afterward. Many a soldier who was abused
by such aristocrats swore vengeance on them, and got even with
them. But an officer who was kind, and spoke pleasantly to his
men, ever had their respect; and even now, in speaking of
certain officers, the remark is often made, " He was a good
I will mention one incident which transpired in the army.
On one of the hard and toilsome marches, when the soldiers —
to use a homely expression — were nearly "fagged out," a cer-
tain colonel, observing one of his men nearly exhausted,
dismounted from his horse and bade the soldier mount, while
THE SEVENTY- FOURTH. OS-
he ( tlie coloiiel ) walked along beside and carried the soldier's
gun. 'I'he lieutenant colonel observing this, remarked, ''Why,
colonel, that is not military : " ''1 don't care," said the colonel,
'* it is human," That colonel lives in Greene County at present,
and has the respect of every one who knows him.
I remained at No. S Hospital until the Seventy-fourtb
returned from Chattanooga on its way home, tliey having,
re-enlisted, and were going home on furlough. 1 was making;
out my evening report when some of my comrades came to the
hospital and told me that the regiment was at the landing, on its
way home, on veteran furlough. I threw down my pen without
finishing my report, and told them I was going, too. I imme-
diately went to the baggage-room, got my knapsack, and
commenced packing it. While so engaged, the surgeon came
along ( not the one, however, who was there when I first went
there — he was quite a different man), and asked me where I
was lining. I told him I was going home. He remarked, *'I
can not spare you." I told him the reason. He said, "I am
sorry; but 1 suppose I can not hinder you." I was then released
from the hospital, and, after bidding them an affectionate fare-
well, I started down stairs. On the way I met Miss Chase, the
matron. I bade her good-bye. She gave me both her hands-,
and said, "Ira, good-bye. You have been a faithful servant
here, (rod bless you."
In a short time I was at the landing, and found the regiment
on board the boat, ready to start. I re-enlisted; and in an hour
afterward we were steaming down the Cumberland, bound for
home — yes, home, sweet home. Oh, how glad we felt to think
that we were on our way home, to see our friends and loved
ones once more ! It seemed that the boat could not go fast
It was on the 20th day of January, 1804, when we left
Nashville. We arrived at Xenia about the last of January.
66 GREENE COUNTY IN THE WAR.
The regiment was received with great honors and demonstrations
of joy by the good citizens of Xenia and vicinity, who assembled
at the depot to welcome them back, and by whom a bountiful
repast was set before us, which we ate as only hungry soldiers
can eat. Oh 1 what a joyful time it was ! Fathers and mothers
here met their sons, sisters their brothers, and wives their hus-
bands, in loving embrace. But in some respects it was sorrowful
as well as joyful; for some had been left behind. Some had
fallen in battle; some had sickened and died; and others, who
still survived, had not re-enlisted. The regiment was granted a
furlough of thirty days, to visit their friends, re-assembling at
Xenia on the 17th of March.
Before leaving for the field the regiment passed resolutions
returning their hearty thanks for the kindness with which they
had been treated. The soldiers of the Seventy-fourth will never
forget the good people of Xenia.
The regiment being re- organized numbered, with the addi-
tion of one hundred new recruits, six hundred and nineteen
The Seventy-fourth, once more ready for the field,, started
for the front on the 23d of March, 1864. And now came
another trying time. Friends bade each other adieu — many for
the last time. It was much harder to leave home than at first.
I will now quote from my journal, kept on the march :
Thursday, 24th. Left Cincinnati on steamer. Rained at
night. Slept on top of the boat.
Friday, 25th. Landed at Louisville about six o'clock this
morning. Marched from the boat to the Soldiers' Home. An
amusing little incident occurred while marching through the
streets of Louisville An Irishman, a few paces in advance of
me, was indulging in a smoke. Having, as he thought, extin-
guished the fire in his pipe, he put it in his pocket ; but pretty
soon a strong smell of something burning was experienced. The
THE SEVENTY-FOURTH. 67
Irishman, however, kept marching on. After a while he
remarked that he smelled burnt rags; and, clapping his hands
behind him, he drew his coat tail around, exclaiming, at the
same time, '' Be jabbers, and it's meself that's burning I "
Saturday, 2Gth. Left Louisville about three o'clock p. m.
for Nashville, Tennessee. Rode all night. Arrived at Nash-
ville next morning about daylight.
Sunday, 27th. Marched through the city to the south side,
and camped near our old camp-ground. Drew shelter-tents.
Went back to town and visited No. 8 Hospital. Here I met
several of my former acquaintances. They received me very
kindly, and introduced me to the ward-master as their old ward-
master. -I stayed all night with them, and enjoyed a good
night's rest on a nice, clean cot, which was very refreshing after
being up all the night before.
The next morning I ate a good breakfast, and then started
back to camp. We drew rations that day, preparatory to starting
on the march to Chattanooga. Rained at night.
Tuesday, 29th. Started on the march to Chattanooga, by
way of Murfreesboro ; from thence to Shelbyville, Tennessee.
Not being used to heavy marching, the first day or two our feet
became very sore and painful At Shelbyville we heard Gov-
ernor Andrew Johnson make his celebrated Union speech.
Monday, April 4th. Arrived at Tullahoma.
Thursday, 7th. Crossed the Cumberland Mountains. From
the top of the mountains a fine view of the valley below is had,
stretching for miles, as far as the eye can reach — plantation after
plantation, verdant fields, and small streams of water which
resemble threads of silver. We camped at night in Crow Creek
Friday, 8th. Arrived at Stevenson, Alabama, and remained
all night. Here I ascended the mountain about half way up,
and had a splendid view of the country.
68 GREENE COUNTY IN THE WAR.
Saturday, 9ih. Embarked on cars for Chattanooga, having
marched from Nashville. There is splendid scenery along the
route from Stevenson, Alabama, to Chattanooga, Tennessee.
We passed Shell Mound, the mouth of Nicajack Cave, and the
famous Lookout Mountain. We arrived at Chattanooga after
night. It was dark, and rainy, and cold, and as we had no
place to go we had to remain near the railroad, in the mud and
rain, without shelter, while, doubtless, generals and high officials,
who were getting big pay, were quietly snoozing in their tents.
Iq the morning we went to the Soldiers' Home for breakfast.
(Question — Why could they not have taken us there the night
On the 12th of April, 1864, we started again on the march,
and marched out to Graysville, Georgia, where we went into
camp, remaining there until the 3d of May, 1864, when we
broke up camp and started to Ringgold, Georgia.
On the night of the Sth there was a splendid illumination,
of the Fourteenth Army Corps. A candle was placed in front
of every tent — some on poles and trees ; also, large fires were
built in every street in the vast encampment. It was a grand
and imposing sight.
On the 7th of May, 1864, the great Atlanta campaign was
commenced. I will refer to my journal from time to time, in
order to give the particulars of that march.
Saturday, May 7th. Marched this morning, at daylight,
for the front. Formed line of battle at Tunnel Hill. Fighting
in front. On picket at night
Sunday, Sth. iNIarched again, and halted in the woods
near "Buzzard's Roost."
Monday, 9th. Advanced, again, about two miles. Com-
menced an attack on the rebels. Heavy skirmishing. The
Seventy-fourth under fire. Severely shelled by a rebel battery
THE SEVENTY-FOURTH. G9
OD tlie mountain. One man killed and several wounded. Among
the wounded was Adjutant M. H. Peters.
Tuesday, Otb. Still fighting. Rebels strongly fortified.
Went back to the rear, in the afternoon, for rations. Returned
to^the front. Regiment in line of battle.
Here let me remark, one has a peculiar feeling, standing in
line of batde, expecting every moment to be ordered forward, it
mayjbe to certain death. It is no use to run back, for in a
battle it is about as dangerous in the rear as in the front. I have
known instances where men were killed in the rear, while the
front would escape unhurt.
We had left our knapsacks at the foot of the mountain
before being ordered forward. We halted on the side of the
mountain, and remained in line all night. Our lodging that
night was not the best. The accommodations were very poor.
We had orders to sleep on our arms, and not to take off our
cartridge-boxes. The side of the mountain was steep, and
covered with little, sharp stones. I threw my gum-blanket on
the ground, unbuckled my belt, slipped my cartridge-box around
for a pillow, and, with my gun at my side, slept soundly. When
I awoke in the morning I had slipped about two feet down the
hill, and the regiment was anything but in line. We soon,
however, straightened up and got in line again, ready for action.
Wednesday, May 11th. Went out on skirmish-line at
daylight. Very steep climbing. Remained on skirmish-line all
day. Heavy firing in the afternoon. Rebel shells fell very
near us. Marched to the rear at midnight, and remained until
Sherman, leaving one corps in front of Buzzard's Roost,
marched the rest of his army to Snake Creek Gap, about sixteen
miles, thus flanking the enemy. The rebels, as soon as they
found it out, left, and fell back to Resaca.
At Buzzard's Roost the Seventy-fourth lost sixteen men
70 GREENE COUNTY IN THE WAR.
killed and wounded. At Resaca we had another battle, in
which the Seventy-fourth lost nine men killed and wounded.
On the 15th the rebels left Resaca, leaving many of their
dead on the field. Here we captured a large amount of corn-
The morning of the 17th of May we left, in pursuit of the
rebels. Crossed the Coosa River. Passed through the town of
Calhoun. Halted, and remained all night on the side of a hill,
in the woods.
Marched next day, and halted at night and built fortifi-
cations. Weather very warm.
On the 23d of May we arrived at the Etawah River. The
march, that day, was a hard one, it being very dry and dusty,
so much so that we could not see from one end of the regiment
to the other.
Before coming to the river we got word that we would have
to wade it, the rebels having burned the bridge. When we
arrived at the bank of the river we found it even so. I suppose
the Etawah is something near the size of the Great Miami River.
Some of the boys prepared to wade, by taking off their shoes
and pantaloons. Others went right in, without taking off any-
thing. I did so myself. When about half way across, where
the water was nearly breast deep and running very swift, I
thought I would go ahead of some who were ahead of me, when
I stumbled and fell, losing my gun, and getting a complete
wetting, filling my haversack with water and soaking my hard-
tack. I recovered my gun, which would not have been of much
use, should we have had occasion to use it.
It was a ludicrous sight to see the Seventy-fourth wading
the river. If some artist had been present and sketched the
scene, it would have made a laughable picture for some of our
One man of our regiment thought he would not wade the
THE SEVENTY-FOURTH. 71
river, but mounted on behind one of the boys, who was riding a
mule. When about half way across, the mule stumbled and
fell, throwing them both over his head, completely ducking
them. When we got over to the other side the dust was all
We stayed an hour or so, and by the time we started again
we were dry, it being very hot. After all, it was an advantage
to us, for we were relieved of the dust ; and the bathing caused
us to feel very much refreshed.
On the 2Gth we arrived at the Altoona Mountains, where
we were again under fire, shells bursting very near. We were
ordered across a field directly in front of the enemy, and,
although much exposed to shells and bullets, not a man was hit.
We proceeded a few rods, and were ordered to lie down. We
remained in line all night, when we went back to the rear.
Colonel Neibhng, of the Twenty-first Ohio, was wounded
by a cannon-ball. His arm had to be amputated.
After retreating to the rear, we built what we called double
breastworks ; that is, we fortified on both sides of us, as we
were on an elevation, and exposed to rebel fire on both sides.
In the engagement of the 2Tth of May, 1864, the conduct
of the Seventy-fourth, and other regiments of the Third Brigade,
elicited from the division commander the following commenda-
tory notice :
Head-quarters First Division, FourteExNth Army Corps, \
Near Dallas, Georgia," May 28, 1864. j
Colonel: — General Johnson desires to express to you his high
appreciation of the gallantry exhibited by the noble troops of your
brigade in the night engagement of the 27th instant. The admirable
spirit displayed by them on that occasion is, above all things, desirable
and commendable. Soldiers animated by such courage and fortitude are
capable of the very highest achievements.
(Signed) E. F. WELLS, A. A. G.
72 GREENE COUNTY IN IHE ^VAR.
On tlie 2d of June we were ordered to the front again.
Soon after we were in line a terrible storm arose, and the rain
fell in torrents. It seemed that the ariillery of the skies and
that of earth vied with each other. At last the batteries were
silent; but the awful roar of the thunder, the forked lightning,
and the dashing rain still continued. Some three or four men
were killed by the lightning, in a brigade not far from us.
I will now refer to my journal again.
Friday, June .3d. Relieved this morning by the left wing
of the regiment. Went back into breastworks and got breakfast.
Stayed until night. Went on skirmish-line.
Saturday, 4:th. Shot several rounds. Rained considerable.
Very muddy in the rifle-pit. Although it was very disagreeable,
still we had our fun. Some of the boys concluded to play a
trick on the rebels ; so they would take off their blouses and
caps, put them on their ramrods, and elevate them just above
the top of the works, when the Johnnies would send a volley at
them. They would then drop them as though they had been
shot. We imagined we could hear the rebs saying, "There
goes another d — d Yank." This was continued some time,
until they found out the trick. Fighting on our left. On reserve
Sunday, 5th. Rebels left this morning. Some sharp
shooting. Milton Bennett, of Company E, was killed this
morning while cleaning his gun. Although not in front, still a
shot would come over us once in a while, and the sharp "ping "
of the Minnie-ball, as well as the coarser sound of the cannon-
ball, could be heard. Went over to the rebel lines, or, rather,
what had been their lines. Notwithstanding they had been
driven back, and retreated from place to place, defeated at every
point, still they told the most extravagant stories and published
the most arrogant lies in order to deceive the people of the
South and keep them in good spirits. Yet the rank and file
THE SEVENTY FOURTH.
of the rebel army were discouraged, and would have given up
long before the war ended, had it not l)een for their leaders. A
southern gentleman, not a great while ago, who had been a
soldier in the rebel army, while taking on this subject, remarked
that they hated Jeff Davis probably as bad as we did, and would
have shot him had they the chance. • Notwithstanding they were
enemies, and on the field we shot at them, still there were some
good fellows among them ; and when not engaged in battle we
would often trade with them, while on picket, meeting each
other half w^ay. We gave them coffee, and they would give us
tobacco or corn meal. Sometimes we would trade papers, when
we had them.
I wqll give a little incident that transpired once, although
not in our regiment. I got it for truth : One morning, while
our boys were preparing breakfast, I suppose the aroma of the
coffee — something scarce with the rebs — greeted the olfactory
organs of some of them w^ho were on duty not far from the
Union lines. A Johnnie got up on the works and shouted over,
"Hello, Yanks! what are you doing over thar?" '^ Getting
breakfast," was the reply. "Got any coffee?" "Yes."
" Will you give a feller some if he will come over?" "Yes;
leave your gun." "'Honor bright?" "Yes." And over he
came. "Why," said he, "you fellers live pretty well, don't
you? Always got this much to eat?" "Yes," was the reply.
[I guess they stretched the blanket a little here. — Author.]
They invited him to stay and get breakfast. He did so. After
breakfast he said, " I believe you live better than we do. I
believe, if you will let me stay, I'll not go back." He did stay,
and made a good Union soldier, and was finally mustered out
June 6th. Marched after the rebels. Marched on till
about ten o'clock, and halted and remained in the woods all day
74 GREENE COUNTY IN THE WAR.
June 7th. Moved about two hundred yards up in the
woods, and put up tents. Some rain in the evening.
June 8th. In camp. Drew rations. Received mail.
June 9th. In camp. Inspection of arms.
June 10th. Started on the march again. Marched out of
camp and rested. Resumed the march. Thunder shower.
Rained quite hard.
June 11th. Rained this morning. Captain Armstrong
joined us this morning. Marched in hne of battle through the
woods. Halted and commenced fortifying, but quit and
marched on about a mile. Maneuvered around considerable
during the night, but finally got into position and built breast-
works; then camped for the night.
Sunday, 12th. A very wet and disagreeable day, conse-
quently the chaplain did not preach.
Monday, 13th. By request of the regiment, the chaplain
preached a thanksgiving sermon, which was afterward printed
Tuesday, 14th. Went out on picket at six o'clock a. m.,
and then advanced the line. After standing picket two hours,
we were thrown forward as skirmishers, and came near being
shot. As we neared the rebel lines we were marching in column
down a road, with trees and bushes on either side. Although
there was no firing in front, yet we could hear the skirmishers
on our right and left. We were going to fill up a gap, and had
advanced farther than we supposed, when suddenly there came
a whistling of bullets about our ears. We did not wait for the
command to deploy as skirmishers, but every man hunted a tree
and went to work, and, strange to say, although the balls whis-
tled very close to us, not a man in our squad was touched. But
the same bullets that were fired at us went on to the regiment,
killing one man and wounding another. This corroborates the
THE SEVENTY-FOURTH. 75
Statement made e'sewheie, that it is as dangerous in the rear as
That was the day, T think, the rebel General Polk was
killed. He was killed by the Sixth Indiana Battery, I think,
though I may possibly be mistaken. It is said that General
Sherman, seeing a group of rebel generals on Pine Mountain,
rode up to the lines and inquired for a battery. He was told
that one was close at hand. He ordered it brought up, placed
in position, loaded, and discharged. He then ordered it loaded
a second time and discharged. Then he said, ''That will do; "
and he immediately rode off. That battery was immediately in
our rear, and the balls went over our heads.
That afternoon I stood up behind a tree, scarcely large
enough to protect my body, from two o'clock until after dark,
loading and firing, discharging sixty-three rounds of cartridges.
The tree was skinned in several places by rebel bullets. Had I
ventured to look around I might have had my napper taken.
We loaded and fired at will, no officers being there to give
orders. It was when the privates were on picket that they were
their own men. They were not often troubled with officers
An incident transpired that afternoon which I will relate ;
Not far from the tree where I stood, a soldier was squatting
down behind a tree, when a bullet from a rebel gun penetrated
the ground immediately under him, without touching him. As
may readily be supposed, he immediately arose to his feet and
got on the other side of the tree. An old, gray-headed man
belonging to another regiment — I can not say what one — some
rods in the rear, seeing the man jump up so quickly and change
his position, without any orders, came down to where our picket
was standing, and, on learning the cause of the sudden move-
ment — the soldier telling him he thought the bullet came from a
rebel sharp-shooter in a tree — the old man proceeded forthwith,.
GREENE COUNTY IN THE WAR.
as he said, to see if he could find out where that fellow was. It
seemed that he had no fear, as he advanced beyond the line and
peered up among the trees as though he were hunting a squirrel.
He was gone but a few minutes, when he returned and told the
man he might sit down again, as he did not think the fellow
would shoot any more — intimating as much as that he had
On the 15th of June we again advanced, driving the rebels
before us. We then halted and fortified.
June IGth. Moved to the right, and drew rations. Pretty
sharp shooting on the right. Heavy cannonading, supposed to
be shelling the rebel train.
June 17th. Advanced about half a mile. Built works.
Heavy fighting. Took fourteen prisoners to day. Drew rations.
Heavy skirmishing at night.
June 18th. Advanced again. Got under fire of rebel
shells and bullets. Built works under fire. Three of the boys
wounded to-day, among them Sergeant T. C. Hook, of Company
A. Rained very hard while lying on our faces in line of battle.
June 19th. 1 was on picket, and went out to the rebel
works ; but they were gone. Our pickets followed them about
two miles, when we returned to the regiment. We were then
approaching Kennesaw Mountain, the Seventy-fourth in the
rear. It was a grand sight as we approached the mountain, the
shells from our batteries exploding on the side of the mountain,
and the rebel shells from the top.
June 20th. The Seventy-fourth in the rear. Drew rations.
Moved a short distance and put up tents, with orders for inspec-
tion at four o'clock. Cleaned guns. Were ready for inspection,
when we received orders to move right away. We moved in
front, to Leatherbreeches' or Buckskin's battery. This Leather-
breeches' right name was Captain Dilger. He was the most
skillful and plucky officer in the Union service. When the war
THK SEVENTY- FOURTH". tT
broke out Captain Dilger was an artillery officer in the Prussian
service. A short time after the battle of Bull Run, an uncle of
Dilger's — a merchant in New York — wrote that the present
was an opportune time to visit America, etc. Dilger was
desirous of studying war as carried on in the western world, and
to this end procured leave of absence for a year.. As soon as he
arrived he joined the Army of the Potomac as an artillerist, and
commanded a battery. As his year drew to a close he managed
to get his leave indefinitely extended. The term of his battery
— the First Ohio Artillery — having expired, he was ordered to
Cincinnati, to be mustered out of the service. His next appear-
ance with his battery was under General Hooker; and by the
name of Leatherbreeches, or Buckskin, he became known to
every officer and soldier in the Army of the Cumberland. In
all the battles which occurred, from Lookout Mountain to Peach
Tree Creek, Captain Dilger was on hand. He was the first to
open fire on the eve of a battle, taking his guns nearly up to the
skirmish line. On the eventful day of the Hooker and Johnson^
contest. Captain Dilger took his guns up to the skirmish-line,
and for half an hour poured a raking fire of grape and canister
into the enemy. So conspicuous and marked were his move-
ments that he became at one time the target for three rebel
batteries, and lost seven men during the day. He fired by
volley when he got a good thing, and the acclamations of the
infantry drowned the reverberations of the cannon's roar. On
all such occasions Captain Dilger impressed every one by his
fine appearance. He always wore close buckskin breeches —
which gave him the name — with top boots, and stood by his
gun in his shirt sleeves during battle, eliciting the admiration of
the whole army by his coolness and intrepidity in action. I
have seen him sitting in a port-hole of the works, with his glass,
watching the effect of his shots on the enemy. The Seventy-
fourth was ordered to support this battery, the men being in the
78 GREENE COUNTY IN THE WAR.
works on each side of a large twelve-pound Napoleon gun.
For two days and nights we were in this position, and, although
the roar of artillery was almost deafening, still we could sleep.
On the 22d of June the rebels shelled us from the mountain,
and the air was filled with bursting shells. I believe this was
the day when Colonel Findley had erected his shelter-tent a little
way from the works, and had gone to the woods for some leaves
and twigs to sleep upon. When he returned, his tent was
perfectly riddled. I suppose it was struck by grape-shot. Had
he remained in his tent he would most undoubtedly have been
killed. The Colonel removed his quarters after that.
On the 23d we moved to the right, after dark, where we
remained until the 3d of July.
While lying before Kennesaw Mountain we had some heavy
fighting. One day a solid twelve-pound shot struck our works,
burying itself in the earth, and almost cutting a log in two six
July 1st. I was on the skirmish-line. Samuel Mulford, of
Company B, was wounded in the arm. Stood up behind a
small tree and shot forty-five rounds of cartridges that afternoon.
Some of the rebel shots came very close to me. The tree,
doubtless, saved my life.
July 2d. Went on fatigue duty to the left, to build works,
and worked all night. During the night the rebels left the
mountain, and the next day we started in pursuit of them.
They left some of their dead on the field. We passed through
the town of Marietta, and on the Fourth of July we halted in an
oat-field. Cut bushes and made a shade, it being very hot. We
then fell into line and marched about a mile. Halted, stacked
arms, and remained an hour, and then returned to camp.
July 5th. Advanced about three miles, and went on the
skirmish-line. Remained all the afternoon and night. Sergeant
Stipe, of Company B, was wounded.
THE SEVENTY-FOURTH. 7\}
July ()th. Relieved from picket. Went to the rear and
drew rations. Had a view of Atlanta from the hill-top, where
they were planting a battery.
July 7th. Resting behind the hill in the wood. Very hot.
Went up to Buckskin's battery and took a view of Atlanta,
through a glass, distant from that point eight nliles. We were
then approaching the Chattahoochie River. We went into camp,
and remained until the 17th of July.
On the 9th we went out to the front line, which was
advanced. Sergeant James, of Company E, was here wounded.
On the 10th the rebels retreated beyond the Chattahoochie,
we following them to the river, skirmishing through the woods.
July 17th. Received orders to march at seven o'clock.
Accordingly we packed up, ready, but did not march until the
afternoon. Crossed the Chattahoochie on pontoons, skirmishing
through the woods. Advanced about a mile and fortified.
July 18th. In advance. Drove the rebels to-day. Halted
On the 20th we advanced about a mile, and halted in an
old field, where we remained until about three o'clock in the
morning; then marched on and crossed Peach Tree Creek at a
mill. Went on a little further, and halted in the woods and
remained till morning. Advanced again in skirmish-line. We
were not long on the skirmish-line when we were relieved by the
Twentieth Corps. We moved to the right, and got under cover
of the hill, and remained all night.
On the next day the regiment advanced, and several of the
Seventy-fourth boys were wounded, among whom was Captain
McElravy, of Company G.
July 22d. Advanced toward Atlanta. This day we lost
three of our boys : John Forbes, John Hennessy, and Addison
Tolbert. Several others made narrow escapes. George
Kempher, of Company C, had a hole shot through his knapsack
80 GREENE COUNTY IN THE WAR.
while lying on his face toward the enemy. General McPherson
was killed today. We were on the second line of fortifications.
Immediately in the rear was the Twenty-first Ohio A'olunteer
Infantry. A man was killed, to-day, by a shell. The shell
passed through the top of the tree where I was sitting, and a
fragment of the same struck the man on the head, completely
taking off the upper portion of the sa.aie, and scattering his-
brains all around. I saw it strike him. He never knew what
hurt him. Such a sight now would seem terrible ; but we had
become accustomed to it then.
July 2'Ath. Not much fighting to-day. A demonstration
was made at night, in order to find, if possible, the enemy's
batteries. It was done in this wise : At a given signal, every
man along the line was to fire his gun and yell at the top of his
voice, which was done ;. but it did not serve to draw the enemy
July 26th. We moved to the rear about a quarter of a
July 28th. Fell into line and moved to the right about four
miles. Very hot. Some of the boys came near giving out.
Hard fighting on the right. Rebels charged our lines seven
times, and were repulsed every time with heavy loss. We
marched to the extreme right flank and built works after night,
and remained until morning. Next day we returned to our old
camp, had a meeting of Company C, and appointed a committee
to draft resolutions in regard to the death of the boys who were
killed on the 22d.
July 30th. Wrote resolutions, which were approved by the
company, and sent to friends and papers.
August 2d. We moved to the right again, and relieved
the Forty-second Indiana Regiment. The next day we were
relieved by the Twenty-third Corps. Drew rations, and moved
to the right and put up tents.
August 4th. This was a day of fasting and prayer,
appointed by the President. Chaplain preached in the morning.
Moved, in the afternoon, to the right. We had a liot, fatiguing,
march of several miles, and directly back again.
August 5th. Lying back of works. Rebels threw several
shells at us. Moved back into works that we left. Bands of
music playing at night.
August 6th, *In front line. Skirmish advanced. Building
August 8th. Was detailed to work on works in front.
Worked a while, when the regiment came and worked likewise.
Rained in afternoon.
August 9th. In front line. Skirmish-line advanced to-day.
Building works in front.
August 10th. Went out at twelve o'clock at night to work
on breastworks in front. Worked until daylight. Relieved by
the Twenty- first Ohio. Came back to camp.
August 11th. Went on picket at night, it being dangerous
to relieve pickets in the daytime, the picket-line being within a
few rods of the rebel line. Stayed in reserve until four o'clock
in the morning. It was very disagreeable that night, raining a
good portion of the time, so as to render sleep impossible.
When we got into the pit, it was nearly filled with mud and
water ; and after daylight it was very risky standing up. We
could not stand up, lie, or sit down, but had to remain in a
crouching position, which was very tiresome. The pits were
about a rod apart, and there were about six men in a pij;. Ser-
geant Slasher, Charley Newman, Faber, of Company K, and
myself were in the same pit. While Sergeant Slasher was going
from one pit to another, he was just in the act of jumping down
into our pit when a rebel shot at him, grazing his back. He
said it smarted like fire, and got me to examine it; and right
across the small of his back was a red streak, but no blood. The
82 GREENE COUNTY IN THE WAR.
sergeant was talking, before that, of going to the regiment for
some rations ; but he concluded to stay in the pit until after
night, and do without his dinner. I had my bayonet shot from
my gun in the same pit, the rebs and our men keeping up a
constant fire day and night.
August 13th. Moved over to the front line and relieved
the Sixty-ninth Ohio.
August 14th. John Quinn, of Company' A, was wounded,
this morning, while cooking his breakfast ; and Pat. Doyle, of
Company I, was wounded while going out on skirmish-line.
August 15th. Very hot. John Seldomridge, James, and
myself put up a tent, and then cut some bushes for a shade.
August 18th. There was some heavy fighting. Although
not actively engaged, we fell into line behind the works and
took arms, expecting every moment to be called out.
August 19th. The regiment moved to the rear line. It
rained very hard at night. I secured a board, and laid it on a
couple of logs, to keep off the ground. I then took my govern-
ment blanket and spread it on the board to lie on, then took my
gum blanket and stretched it over me; and, although the rain
fell in torrents, in the morning I was dry and comfortable.
August 20th. Went on skirmish-line. Very disagreeable
from the rain. Came near being shot. I had become very tired
in the pit, and in the afternoon, the firing having slacked up, I
thought I would get out on the bank and rest a while, the rebel
works being in plain view only a few rods away, although I
could see no rebs. They had logs on top of their works, and a
crack underneath to shoot through, without being exposed them-
selves. The thought struck me that perhaps I was too much
exposed, and that I had better get back into the pit, when I put
that thought into immediate execution. I had hardly got down
— my head being just below the works — when zip! a bullet
came, and went into the ground just behind me. Had I
THE SEVENTY-FOURTH. 83
remained in that position a second longer, I would have been
shot through the body.
August 25th. We le.ft the front of Atlanta at night, marched
about five miles, and halted till morning.
August 26th. Moved over to the edge of the woods, to
the shade. Rained to-day. Moved out a short distance, and
then back again in the same place. Remained there a while,
then marched to the right. Halted at the works, and remained
August 27th. Put up tents at daylight ; then moved about
the length of two battalions. Cut tent-poles. Fortified and
remained all night.
August 28th. Ordered to march at six o'clock. Passed
the Fourth Army Corps, and marched on to the Atlanta & Mont-
gomery Railroad. Halted in a cornfield, and had green corn
August 29th. Arose early, and had another mess of green
corn for breakfast. The method of cooking roasting-ears, as
adopted by some of the boys, was as follows : They would take
an ear of corn, stick it on the end of a ramrod, and hold it over
the fire until roasted. Another way was to throw the ear into
the fire with the husk on, and by the time the husk was burned
off the ear would be done. We marched down the railroad a
mile and a half, tore up the track, burned the ties, and twisted
the rails. W^e could see the smoke for miles.
August 30th. . Started on the march to the Macon Railroad.
Marched a few miles and halted on a hillside. Went on picket
August 31st. Started on the march again. Moved a piece
to the right, and halted in the woods. Marched on farther, to a
farm-house. Saw some wounded men, who had been in a fight
on the railroad.
September 1st. Marched on the rebels, the Seventy-fourth
84 GREENE COUNTY IN THE WAR.
in front. Charged on the rebel skirmishers, across an open
field. The rebels had a field-piece on their skirmish line, and a
shot from it wounded a man in Company B. We advanced a
short distance, and were ordered to lie down. In a short time
we were ordered to arise, and forward march. There was a
fence about two hundred yards ahead of us, and Colonel Given
said, " Boys, if we can gain that fence the day is ours," So on
we went, on the double quick, raising the yell. We reached the
fence in safety, the rebel bullets, most of them, falling short of
us, though some struck near. When a bullet struck the ground
it would raise the dust. After reaching the fence we rested a
while. Meanwhile the rebels had made a precipitate retreat.
We followed them up, wading a stream of water, but never
stopping till we got to the top of the hill, when we sent a volley
after them ; then loaded and gave them a second volley as they
were retreating through the woods. I presume, however, that
they were too far off by the time we reached the top of the hill
for our balls to reach them, as they were cavalry. We were
then ordered to build breastworks, and commenced work, but
did not complete them before we were ordered forward again.
We marched on until we came in sight of the railroad ; then
formed line of battle and marched through the woods until our
skirmishers again encountered the rebels and drove them into
their works. W^e then advanced across another field, the line
of battle on our right steadily advancing, and keeping up a
steady fire of musketry, not much artillery .being used. We
advanced to the woods ; and, while marching on the right flank,
Melville Davis, of Company C, was shot and mortally wounded.
As he fell, he brushed me as he went down. I immediately
called for a stretcher, and we placed him on it and carried him
a short distance, out of range of the bullets, and laid him down
on the grass. I knelt down beside him and asked him if he was
hurt much. He looked up in my face — and, oh 1 such a look,
THE SEVENTY-FOURTH. 85
a look which only a dying man could give — and said, '*0 Ira,
I am mortally wounded! " These were the last words he ever
spoke to me, as I had to immediately join the regiment, which
was now passing forward in the thickest of the fight.
Melville Davis was my schoolmate, and my nearest neigh-
bor. I had known him from a child, being a little older than
he. He had been married, but his wife had preceded him to
the better land a short time before he enlisted. His time was
nearly out, lacking only a few days. He had never been home
since he left. He was fondly anticipating the near approach of
his discharge, when he should be allowed to go home to see his
widowed mother, brothers, and friends. He and I often con-
versed about them ; and that very morning, before we entered
the field, expecting a battle, he talked of home and friends, and
said to me if he should be killed that day he hoped he would be
better off. He spoke of his darling wife, whom, he said, was
free from all the anxieties and cares of this world He was
taken to the hospital, where he died in a day or two. A short
time before he died, I have been informed, he called for his
knapsack, and requested his wife's picture. On its being
handed him, he looked at it, then kissed it, saying, ' ' I will soon
be with you." Melville was a good boy, and I have no doubt
that he has joined his companion in a world where there is no
more war or parting of friends.
But to return to the regiment. On we went, through a
thick growth of pine, amid a perfect shower of grape and
canister — for we were fronting a rebel battery — and minnie-
balls, literally cutting shrubs, bushes, and branches of trees, at
which time eleven of the Seventy-fourth were killed and thirty-
three wounded, a number of whom afterwards died. William
H. Hollenberry, another near neighbor, was also killed. He,
and Davis, and I lived in sight of each other. He was the son
of a widow, also, Mrs. Hannah Hollenberry. I did not see
86 GREENE COUNTY IN THE WAR.
him fall, for we fought until after dark, and I got lost from the
regiment. They had retreated to the rear, and I did not know
it. I suppose, however, in groping my way back, I stumbled
over his dead body, as we found it next morning where I suppose
I felt it. I helped to carry him across a field and bury him
where we buried the others. Before we put him in the ground
I took my knife and cut off a lock of his hair, and sent it to his
mother and sisters. He did not re enlist, and his time was
nearly out. But, poor fellow, he received his final discharge.
Henry was a good boy, and a good, faithful soldier. James H.
Moore, of Company C, was also killed in that engagement.
The Seventy fourth was repulsed, the first time, and fell
back to the edge of the woods, but immediately rallied, driving
the enemy out of their works. We then fell back in good order,
and remained all night, leaving our dead on the field, the rebels
keeping up an artillery fire until after dark, and leaving their
dead and wounded.
General Sherman, leaving the Twentieth Corps, withdrew
the rest of his army from before Atlanta, and the rebels began
to rejoice over his supposed retreat, when he suddenly re-appeared
to their astonished vision, fifteen miles south of Atlanta,
attacking them at Jonesboro, and capturing their works, ten
guns, and two hundred prisoners, and inflicting upon them a loss
of three thousand killed and wounded. The rebel General
Hood, being completely "hoodwinked," in the words of General
Sherman, blew up his magazines at Atlanta, and left in the
night-time. We could hear the noise very distincdy, from
Jonesboro, and supposed it was a battle between the Twentieth
Corps and Hood. But General Slocum, with the Twentieth
Corps, took quiet possession of the city. The next day we
buried our dead in an old orchard. It was a sad time. We
carried them about a half mile, laid them down on the ground
until we dug their graves, and then committed them to the
THE SEVENTY-FOURTH. 87
ground, putting, sometimes, two in one grave. Considering the
chances we had, they were interred very decently. We rolled
them carefully in their blankets, and then procured boards and
put around them, to keep the dirt from their bodies. Thus we
left our comrades who, only the day before, were as full of life
and bid fair to live as long as any of us. We left them alone,
in an enemy's land, and on the 6th started for Atlanta, and
marched a short distance the next day. We marched within
three miles of Atlanta and went into camp, remaining at that
place until the 10th, when we moved about a mile and again
went into camp. Our marching and fighting was now over, at
least for a while.
In order to show how we passed the time while in camp
near Atlanta, I will again refer to my jc^urnal.
September 11th. Regiment on picket.
September 12th. On fatigue.
September 13th. Regiment went to bury Lieutenant
Bricker, who died .at the divison hospital, in consequence of
wounds received at Jonesboro.
September 14th. In camp. Fine weather. Chaplain
preached at night.
September IGth. In camp. ^Meeting of Company C.
Drew up resolutions in regard to the death of Melville Davis,
W. H. Hollenberry, and James H. Moore.
September 18th. Meeting at night. A committee appointed
to draft resolutions in regard to soldiers who had died in battle.
Meeting adjourned until next day.
September 19th. Meeting of the Seventy-fourth. Chaplain
McFarland made a few remarks. Resolutions adopted.
September 20th. John Norwood, James Johnson, and
Basel Lucas came to the regiment to-day.
September 23d. Corps inspection.
September 24th. Went to Atlanta.
88 GREENE COUNTY IN THE WAR.
September 25th. Inspection at eight o'clock in the
September 2Gth. Regiment on picket.
September 28th. Came into camp.
September 30th. BattaHon drill.
October 1st. Colonel Given had dress parade for the last
time, this evening, at which time he made a farewell address to
the regiment, and presented his sword to the officers.
October 3d. Started on the march after Hood. Colonel
Given beat the drum out of camp, and then left us. We
marched on to the Chattalioochie River, and crossed after night.
Hard marching, and very tired. Rained at night. The next
day we resumed the march, and continued on the tramp all day,
halting in an open field where there was plenty of grass.
October 4th. Drew rations at one o'clock at night, with
orders to march at four o'clock, but did not start until noon.
October 5th. Again on the march, along a very crooked
road, toward Kennesaw Mountam. Marched on until after
night. Dark and muddy. Halted, and got a cup of coffee;
then marched on again about a mile and a half, and halted on
the side of a stony hill and camped. Rained at night. The
next morning it was still raining, and very disagreeable. Started
on the march, in the rain. Passed Kennesaw Mountain. The
roads w^ere quite muddy. Went about five miles and halted,
camping near the Big Shanty.
October 7th. Resting and cleaning up. Some fighting
to-day. A wounded rebel general was brought in.
October 8th. Started on the march again at three o'clock,
and marched until we reached Lost Mountain, and then turned
to the north. Met some rebel prisoners. Weather much cooler.
October 9th. Cool to-day. Went on picket, where w^e
experienced the cold quite severely. Continued marching the
next day, passing through the Altoona pass.
THE SEVENTY rOURTH 89
October 11th. The regiment halted on the roadside and
held the election. Marched to Kingston, and halted in the
thick woods and camped. I was quite sick, here, with the
October 12th. Received mail just as we were starting on
the march. Rode in ambulance to-day.
October 13th. Went into camp not far from Rome, and
stayed until nearly night, v/hen we started again. Rode in the
ambulance until midnight, then joined the regiment.
October 14th. Marched hard all day, passing through
Calhoun, and on to Resaca, where we again camped, near the
railroad. Saw where the rebels had torn up the road. Fighting
October 15th. Again on the march. Marched on until
after night, to the foot of the mountain, when we encamped.
October 16th. Began to climb the mountain, which was
very hard, laborious work, indeed, there being merely a bridle-
path. Part of the way the path was so narrow that we had to
march Indian file. We descended the mountain into Snake
Gap, through which we passed, taking a southern course until
night, when we camped again, in sight of Lookout Mountain.
October 17th. Started again on the march, in the Chatooga
valley. Fine country. Taylor's Ridge on our left. Passed
through some rebel camps, which had been occupied only a
short time previous.
October 20th. We passed into Alabam:i, to-day, through
some fine country, camping at night near Galesville, where we
remained for several days, foraging around, principally for
potatoes, which were a scarce luxury.
October 24th. Drew rations, and started on a scouting
expedition with the Third Brigade — Colonel Hambright —
among the Chatooga Mountains, in search of the rebel Gatewood
and his band, who were supposed to be secreted in the
90 GREENE COUNTY IN THE WAR.
mountains. We marched about eight miles, crossed the Chatooga
River, and then camped. The regiment were very indignant at
this marching of the men so far for nothing. It proved nothing
but a wild-goose chase. The men had a hard, toilsome march ;
yet those in authority were not satisfied with that, but must
make the men march some fifty or sixty miles for nothing, while
they were taking their ease, smoking their cigars, lounging
around their head- quarters, and getting big pay, while the poor
jmvate soldiers, who got the least pay, did all the work. On
that scout I thought of the rich man and Lazarus. The rich
man was clothed with purple and fine linen, and fared sumptu-
ously every day, while Lazarus lay at his gate and begged the
crumbs that fell from the rich man's table. But Lazarus died,
and the rich man also died. He had his good things in this
world. But I need not follow the subject. All Bible readers
are acquainted with the sequel.
October 28th. We started on the march toward Rome,
passing through Galesville, and crossing the Chatooga River.
We marched about two miles, and camped.
October 29th. Marched to Rome, twenty two miles, and
camped near the Coosa River.
November 2d. Marched to Kingston. It rained, which
made it very muddy and disagreeable. Marched eighteen miles,
and camped near Kingston. While in Kingston we voted, it
being the presidential election.
November 8th. We remained at Kingston until the 12th,
when we left, and marched to Cartersville, eighteen miles. Left
Cartersville next day and crossed the Etawah River, passing
over the Altoona Mountains. Marched on to Big Shanty.
Tore up the railroad at night. Marched on to the Chattahoo-
chie River and camped. Passed Kennesaw Mountain and
November 15th. Marched to Atlanta and received new
colors. Camped near the city and drew clothing, and prepared
for the grand march to the sea. The city of Atlanta was burned
at night, making a grand and magnificent sight.
November 16th. We started on what is known as
''Sherman's March to the Sea." Marched twenty-five miles
toward Augusta, and camped at a little town called Lithonia.
November 17th. Marched on to Yellow River and
November 18th. Again on the march. Passed through
Covington, the Seventy-fourth in advance. It was amusing to
seethe negroes running to see " de Yankees," and hear their
remarks. ''Why," they said, " dey looks just like our
people; dey ain't got no horns." An old woman caught sight
of our new colors, and said, "Law sakes ! Did you eber see
such a pretty thing ? " We passed one house where there were
a lot of girls standing in the door. I overheard one remark to
another, "Why that is not half as pretty a flag as ours."
Another soldier heard the remark, and asked her if she would
not like a piece of his shirt for a flag. We halted about noon
on the plantation of a Mr. John Harris, and remained there
during the day and night. Drew rations at night. General
Sherman's head-quarters were on the same plantation. I was at
his head-quarters in the afternoon. He had his tent pitched in
the yard, and was sitting in the porch of the mansion watching
some soldiers, who had found a barrel of molasses in an out-
house. The boys had got one head out, and were going for
the molasses, dipping in and strewing it all around. The
general sat there laughing at them. When he saw that a few
were appropriating it all to themselves, he ordered the barrel
taken to the commissary's and issued out, so that it might be
92 GREENE COUNTY IN THE WAR.
On the march we passed through a place called Shady
Dale, which consisted of a large plantation and a small town
of negro quarters,
or cabins. The
brigade band played
a quickstep tun-e as
we went through,
and the negroes
flocked out to see
us and hear the
the women, some of
whom followed us for over a mile, or, rather, kept up with the
band, dancing and keeping time to the music, and cutting up
all kinds of didoes.
We passed through the village of Sand Town on the
morning of the 21st, in the rain, without breakfast^ but after
marching some^miles we halted and got something to eat.
November 22d. On the march again. The Seventy fourth
detailed as train-guard. Camped at Mud Creek, at night, in a
November 23d. Again on the march, the morning being
cold and the ground slightly frozen. Arrived at Milledgeville,
the capital of Georgia, which we left the next day at seven
o'clock, marching until about three o'clock. AVe then camped
and went on picket duty, and also drew rations.
November 25th. The regiment went foraging, and caught
an old bushwhacker and brought him into camp, together with
plenty of forage.
November 26th. Started and marched a few miles, to a
swamp, and camped.
November 27th. Marched through the swamp, it having
previously been corduroyed, or, in .other words, made passable
THE SEVENTY- FOURTH. 93
by poles being cut and laid crosswise. After passing the swamp
we marched over a good road until we came to the Georgia
Central Railroad, about four miles from Davisboro, where we
camped during the remainder of the day, having passed through
the town of Sandersville.
November 28th. On the march. Passed through the town
of Davisboro. Here the boys found a lot of peanuts, up stairs,
in an untenanted building, the floor being about a foot thick
with the same. Some went, with sacks, and loaded themselves,
and, as a consequence, the road was soon strewn for a long
distance with the hulls. Crossed the Ogeechee River at night,
on pontoons. Here we saw the palm-leaf growing.
November 29th. Marched a short distance, passing
through the town of Louisville, Jefferson County, Georgia.
November 80th. Marched to Sebastopol Station.
December 1st. Marched a short distance to the crossroads
and went on picket, remaining all night, the Twentieth Corps
passing in the night.
December 2d. Started again, and marched to another
crossroads; then turned to the right and marched until noon,
halting for dinner in a cotton-field. Marched six miles farther
and camped, making about fifteen miles that day.
December 3d. Marched around and across fields. Crossed
Buckhead Creek on pontoons. Marched on to the Augusta
Railroad and camped.
December 4th. Tore up the Augusta & Savannah Rail-
road; then started again on the march, camping a few miles
farther on. Rebels in our rear, firing at us.
December 5th. Marched nearly all day through pine
woods, and camped at night in a sandy cornfield.
December (3th. Again on the march. Warm weather.
Camped ih the woods. On picket.
December 7th. On the march. Rain. Very warm
'94. GREENE COUNTY IN THE WAR.
weather. Hard marching. Boys went foraging and brought in
some fresh meat. Had to carry it until after night, when we
halted twenty-seven miles from Savannah.
December 8th. Started again. Marched about three
miles; then halted, and remained until about ten o'clock.
Marched again, crossing Ebenezer Creek. Went about two
miles and camped near a grave-yard, in the woods. Heard
cannonading in the direction of Savannah. Skirmishing in the
December 9th. We crossed the great swamp, and halted
in a field for dinner. Camped in the woods at night. Skir-
mishing in front.
December 10th. Passed a rebel fort on the road. .Went a
few miles and camped. Rained at night.
On the 11th of December we arrived at, or in front of.
Savannah, or as near the city as we could get, the rebels having
fortified it. There is a canal leading from the Savannah River
to the Ogeeche, for the purpose of supplying water to the rice
plantations, as rice grows under water. A short distance apart
there are flood-gates, and when they wish to overflow the land
they hoist these gates. The rebels made use of these gates to
overflow the country, so that Sherman's army could not approach
the city. We, however, camped along the canal and threw out
a picket-line, and prepared to stay until communications by
water should be opened around Savannah. There is a long
moss that grows on the trees, hanging in festoons from them,
sometimes four or five feet long. The boys used to get this
moss, and cut the palm leaves, and, by spreading the palm-leaves
on the ground and the moss on them, it made a very comfortable
There was a battery almost directly in front of our regiment
that used to fire every day ; but the balls would always" go over
our heads. This they kept up for several days, until, one day,
THE SEVENTY-FOURTH. 95
it was noticed that they did not fire any. Toward night, or after
night, the battery spiked all their guns and came over on the
Union side. They said they had been watching for an opportu-
nity to desert the rebels ever since the Union troops arrived, but
were watched by their officers. By making a feint, however, of
keeping up a cannonading at the Union lines, they so deceived
their officers that they thought they might trust them alone ; but
as soon as the rebel officers left they came over.
December 13th. Fort McAllister was taken to-day, which
caused great rejoicing along our lines. As soon as the news
came, they commenced at one end, and the cry went from one
brigade to another, "Fort McAllister is taken, and the cracker
line is open 1 "
On the 16th we went to the Ogeeche River for rations, the
Savannah River not yet being open to the city. We arrived at
the river and camped near it, waiting our turn to load, the next
day. We remained at the Ogeeche River until the 23d.
During the time we were there, it being very warm weather, we
had to live principally on rice, which we gathered from the
fields. Near our camp were some negro cabins, and in them we
found mortars, with which we would make the negroes hull our
rice, which was done by putting the unhuUed rice into the
mortars and pounding it. Then we took it out, and, putting it
in our blankets, blew the chaff out. We loaded our wagons
and started back to Savannah. Meanwhile the rebels had left,
and our troops were in peaceable possession of the city.
December 25th. Went to Savannah, and went to the
Baptist church. Heard a sermon delivered by the Rev. Mr.
Landrura. After church I started around the city, and, passing
along the street, I saw an old negro woman standing in a door.
I spoke to her, and asked if she could give a soldier something
to eat. She replied, "Yes, massa, I do dat; come in." I
went in ; and the old woman had what is called an ash-cake in
96 GREENE COUNTY IN THE WAR.
the fireplace. An old Virginian would know what an ash cake
is. It is made by taking corn dough and covering it up in the
ashes, and putting fire on it, like roasting potatoes. Taking her
ash-cake from the fire and putting it on the table, she procured
part of a turkey the white folks had given her, and some butter-
milk. She invited me to sit up and help myself. I did so,
being very hungry. I thought I never ate a better meal.
December 27th. There was a grand review of the
Fourteenth Corps by General Sherman. Several high officials
from Washington were in Savannah that day; among the rest,
December 30th. Laid out and moved to a new camp, and
put up a tent. Several of the boys joined together and put up
tents. We cut poles and built open about ten feet square, then
joined our shelter-tents together and made a roof in these tents.
We remained until the 20th of January. Although there was a
great deal of snow in the North that winter, yet there was none
where we were. In fact it looked like summer-time. There
the trees were evergreen all winter, especially in the city of
Savannah. The streets were lined on each side with the tree
known as the "Pride of India," or live-oak, whose leaves are
evergreen. During the time we were in Savannah we worked
on the fortifications around the city.
January 20th. Received orders to march, and started out
of camp in the rain. Marched eight miles through the mud and
rain, until the army got mudbound, and could go no farther.
We then turned out into a pine woods and halted. There was
not a dry stick to be found anywhere — nothing but green pine.
The boys cut a tree and tried to make a fire, but it was no go.
The rain put it out as fast as they could kindle it. We had
marched in the rain nearly all day, and I had neglected to put
on my gum blanket; consequently I was wet through. The
ground was also covered with water. By taking a spade and
IHE SEVENTY FOURTH. 97
ditching, and throwing up the earth, we made a place to stretch
our tents ; then taking our gum blankets and spreading them
down, and our government blankets on them, we made our
beds and retired without supper. 1 lay all night in my wet
clothes, and the next morning there was the print of my body
on the blanket ; yet, strange to say, I took no cold. The next
day we managed to get a fire and something to eat, and about
ten o'clock we went on picket, it raining nearly all day.
January 25th. We left camp at seven o'clock in the morn-
ing, and marched fifteen miles and camped.
January 26ih. Started again at seven o'clock. Marched
hard, through swamps and woods, all day.
January 27th. Regiment detailed as train guard. Marched
January 28th. Started again at noon, and marched through
swamps and woods. Weather clear and cool. Camped two
miles from Sister's Ferry.
January 29th. Marched to Sister's Ferry.
We remained at Sister's Ferry, on the Savannah River,,
until the 5th of February. While at the ferry we spent the time
in writing letters, skiff-riding, etc. One evening as four or five
of us were out on the river, coming down to camp, we espied a
flatboat, or barge, floating down the river, and which finally
lodged against some trees or boughs on the opposite side of the
river. We immediately headed our skiff for the boat, and, on
coming alongside, discovered that no one was on board. We
made our skiff fast alongside, and immediately boarded her.
It proved to be a boat loaded with salt beef, which had broken
loose from her moorings at the landing, about a mile above, and
had drifted down. We found a barrel that had the head out,
and soon had some meat in the skiff, and then pulled for camp.
When we landed it was getting dark ; so we conveyed our
property — for we considered it ours then — to camp, unier
98 GREENE COUNTY IN THE WAR.
cover of the darkness. It leaked out, however, some way, that
we had found meat, and how we got it; and several boat-loads
were brought into camp early next morning. So much was
missing that the men who came after the boat suspected the
boys taking it: and on coming to camp some of the meat was
found. An order was immediately issued that all the stolen
meat should be brought to head-quarters. We had been very
careful to secrete ours securely; and when the officers came
around hunting and searching for the meat, none could be found
in our quarters. Consequently we had plenty of meat for
Here our regimental band made fine progress. They would
serenade the headquarters of the different departments. At
one place — I do not now r( member which one — there was a
little negro boy who used to c'ance. Of all the droll antics and
manners, he beat them all. He would sometimes stand on his
head and keep time to the music, with his heels in tlie air. The
boys played well, and made very good music.
February 5lh. Started at daylight and went two miles up
the river and camped. Then loaded teams with rations, and
February 6th. Started again on the march. Went some
seven miles and camped. We were now on the soil of South
Carolina, and the buildings along the road were all burned.
No restrictions were laid here; and it seems that the soldiers, if
possible, would have burned up the state — the hot-bed of
secession. Whenever they came to a fine, palatial mansion —
especially if it was ascertamed that the owner was in the rebel
army — the torch was soon applied. Houses, fences, trees — in
fact, everything that it was possible to burn — were burned. A
large amount of cotton and cotton-gins were burned to the
ground and laid in ashes. There was a track made of about
sixty miles wide, inside of which everything was destroyed —
THE SEVENTY-FOURTH. 99
some think very unjustly, but I think just to the contrary; for
Sherman's raid, I think, broke the backbone of the rebelHon.
I will not, however, discuss that question. It has already been
done by abler men and abler writers than I am.
February 7th. Again on the march. Boys went foraging,
and brought in fresh pork and sweet-potatoes. Marched twelve
miles, and then camped.
February 8th. Marched about a mile ; then camped and
drew rations. Foragers came in well loaded with pork and
February 9ih. Continued on the march. Cool and cloudy
weather, with some snow.
February 10th. Marched about fifteen miles to-day ; then
camped and went on guard.
February 11th. Left camp early, and marched to Barnwell
and halted for dinner. We found the town burned. Camped
that night two miles north of Barnwell.
February 12th. Marched at seven o'clock. Crossed the
Charleston & Augusta Railroad at Williston Station.
February 13th. Stayed in camp all day, and started on the
march at dark. Marched two miles, when we went into camp
and drew rations.
February 14th. Left camp at eight o'clock. It rained
and sleeted all day. Marched twelve miles, and camped at
February 15th. Left camp at eight o'clock and marched
until four. Got dinner; then marched until ten o'clock at
night. Marched twenty miles that day. Went on guard at
February 16th. Left camp at nine o'clock and marched
till noon. Halted for dinner at Lexington. Marched till
February 17th. Started again at seven o'clock. Marched
100 GREENE COUNTY IN THE WAR.
through a good country. Forage plenty. Crossed the Saluda
River, and camped five miles north of Columbia.
February 18th. Left camp at ten o'clock. Went out on
the road, and halted and stayed till three o'clock. Marched
three miles and camped. Forage plenty. Got flour, meal,
bacon, and molasses.
February 19ih. Sunday, and in camp. Chaplain preached.
Left camp at dark. Marched until two o'clock in the morning.
Crossed Broad River ; then marched eight miles and camped.
February 20th. Left camp at eight o'clock. Marched
five miles and went into camp. Drew rations of coffee and
February 21st. Left camp at eleven o'clock. Most of the
buildings burned. Country hilly, and very thickly settled.
February 22d. Left camp at nine o'clock this morning.
]\Iarched two miles, and halted at the Catawba River. Got
dinner, and crossed the river. Very muddy. Teams could
scarcely get along. Had to help push wagons up hill. Went
as far as we could, and then halted in the road. Rained all
February 25th. Cut and carried poles, and laid them in
the road. Mud nearly knee deep. Helped wagons up the hill.
Country very hilly. Got into camp about two o'clock p. m:.
Rained all day and night,
February 2Gth. In camp. Chaplain preached, it being
Sunday. On g\iard.
February 27th. In camp. Got some corn ground. Rations
February 28th. In camp. Rained in the morning. Fight
ing in the rear.
March 1st. Started again on the march. Went about
fourteen miles. Very hilly. Roads bad.
THE SEVENTY FOURTH. lOl
March 2d. On the march. Went about fifteen miles.
'Country very broken. Marched until night. On guard.
March 3d. Again on the march. Most of the road very
bad. Went ahead as pioneers. Worked hard, and very tired
at night. Camped in the edge of the woods. A rebel came
into our lines this morning. Raining.
March 4th. Started again on the march. Halted and waited
until the train passed. Rebels said to be in our rear, capturing
some of our men. Got into North Carolina at night. Saw a
iman, Mr, Junius W. Whiting, who had escaped fi-om Wheeler's
March 5ih. Again on the march. Went about fifteen
miles and camped, about two o'clock, near the Great Pedee
River. Foragers came in with meat, meal, etc.
March 6th. Started again and marched to the river, and
waited all day and all night to cross. Mules harnessed all day
]\Iarch 7th. Started again, and went down to the river and
got breakfast. Crossed over about ten o'clock, and marched
about eighteen miles.
March 8th. Again on the march. Marched about nine-
teen miles, it raining nearly all day.
March 9th. Stayed in camp until noon ; then marched ten
miles. Made some corduroy road. Rained.
March 10th. Marched about ten miles. Kilpatrick's camp
•surprised this morning. Cannon heard on our left. Camped
March 11th. Marched to within about two miles of Fay-
■etteville and camped. On guard.
March 12th. In camp. Chaplam preached in the after-
March 13th. Marched, this morning, into the town of
Fayetteville. Crossed the Cape P'ear River on pontoons. The
102 GREENE COUNTY IN THE WAR.
town of Fayetteville is quite a nice place, of five or six thousand
inhabitants, most of the citizens remaining at home. Marched
about a mile and a half and camped.
March 14th. In camp. Went foraging. Got a few sweet-
potatoes and a gourdful of soft soap.
March 15th. Rained quite hard. Packed up in the rain,
and moved a short distance. Marched in the night, some five
or six miles, and camped. Bad roads, and raining. On guard
March 16th. Moved a short distance, and camped at a
church. Cut up the benches for wood. Raining. Fighting in
March 17th. Marched about seven miles. Bad roads.
Got some corn meal to-day. Had corn-cakes for supper.
March 18th. Marched about eight miles, and crossed
Black River. Camped on an old rebel camp-ground. Heard
cannon at night.
March 19th. Marched some twelve miles, over corduroy
roads, mostly. Fighting in front, at Bentonville. Our brigade
March 20th. Marched six miles and camped. Some of
our foragers captured, and three teamsters killed. Eight wagons
captured out of ten.
March 21st. Marched about five miles toward Kingston,
when we marched back again, having been ordered to issue
rations to the troops. We turned to the right. Very bad roads.
Teams sticking in the mud. Raining. Halted in the woods
and camped after night.
March 22d. Started again at sunrise. Caught up with the
division. Rebel army retreated toward R.aleigh. Passed
through the battle-ground. Marched twelve miles. Roads
swampy and bad.
THE SEVENTY- FOURTH. 103
March 23d. Started again for Goldsboro, passing through
General Terry's command. Crossed the Neiise River on
pontoons. Several colored troops were there, belonging to the
Twenty-fourth and Twenty fifth corps. Arrived at Goldsboro
about five o'clock, the Twenty-third Corps on parade to receive
General Sherman. The general rode along the lines, and was
hailed with demonstrations of joy.
The next day we received orders to march to Kingston for
rations, and the morning of the 25th we started and rode in the
wagons some twenty-five or thirty miles. We arrived at Kingston
at about five o'clock p. m.
March 26th. At Kingston, waiting for rations. We
remained at Kingston until the 28th, when the wagons were
loaded and ordered to start at six o'clock, when we received a
dispatch to move into breastworks and wait a while, as rebel
cavalry were seen on the flank. We moved back and waited an
hour or two, then started back to Goldsboro. Went about half
way, and halted for the night.
March 29th. Started again. Arrived at Goldsboro about
twelve o'clock. The next day we drew some clothing, and on
the 31st we moved to town, about tv/o miles distant, to guard
commissary stores. We were assigned quarters in a building —
that is, three companies of the Seventy-fourth, namely, Compa-
nies A, D, and C. For the first two nights I preferred sleeping
out of doors; but the third night there were indications of rain,
when I moved my quarters into the house, and Columbus
McDonald and I occupied a bunk.
We remained in town until the 9th of April, when we
moved back to the regiment. During our stay in town we
attended church, as there was quite a revival of religion in town
at that time. On the 6th we got the news of the fall of Rich-
mond, which caused much excitement, shooting cannon, and
fireworks at night.
104 GREENE COUNTY IN THE WAR.
On the 10th we started again on the march. Skirmishing
in front. Marched eleven miles and camped.
April 11th. Again on the march. Detailed again as
train-guard. Marched about eight miles.
April 12th. Pioneers to-day. Went in front of the train.
Bad roads, and had to work hard. Heard the news of Lee's
surrender. Marqhed about twelve miles, passing through the
town of Smithfield, on the Neuse River.
April 13th. Started again on the march. Passed through
a little village on the railroad. Marched along the railroad.
Cars came inside, to-day, with the governor of North Carolina.
Marched about sixteen miles, to the capital of North Carolina.
Raleigh is handsomely decorated with fine gardens, and the air
is heavily laden with the perfume of sweet flowers. The ladies
are quite handsome. A large majority of the inhabitants are
loyal, so I have been told. Joe Johnson's army retreated at the
approach of General Sherman's invincible army. Raining. On
April 14ih. Left Raleigh. Marched about fifteen miles, a
western course, along the railroad, and then camped.
April 15th. Raining this morning. Went foraging. Had
to wade a creek which was swollen out of its banks. Got wet.
Came to Holly Springs in the evening, and stopped by the side
of the road. Rain. So muddy that the regiment did not
April 16th Tram and regiment came up about nine o'clock.
Went a few miles and camped.
April 18th. We received the news of the assassination of
President Lincoln. The order was read to the regiment, which
caused a sudden change of feeling, from that of joy to that of
sorrow. We were both glad and sorrowful. Glad that we soon
expected to return home, and sorrowful because our beloved
President was no more.
THE SEVENTY FOURTH 105
It will be remembered that the Seventy- fourth was guarding
train. Consequently we were not with the division all the time,
but on the 20ih we started to the ^
division, which was about six miles
away. Upon arriving at the place we
unloaded rations, and started to Ra
leigh for more. We went back to
where we left camp, and halted for
the night.' The order from General
Sherman was read to us to-day in
regard to the suspension of hostilities and looking to peace,
when we gave three rousing cheers. The next day we went to
Raleigh and loaded the wagons. Remained at Raleigh until
On Sunday I attended church five tihies during the day,
and once at night.
We started back again to the division, and camped three
miles from the division.
The order came for consolidating the Seventy-fourth with
the Sixty-ninth Ohio. Colonel Findley rode back to Raleigh to
see General Sherman about it. Regiment very niuch depressed
in spirits. Strong talk of stacking arms and refusing to be
consolidated. They said they went into the field as the Seventy-
fourth, fought as the Seventy-fourth, and they were going home
as the Seventy-fourth.
On the 25th we were ordered to report to the Second
Brigade, First Division, General Buell (not Carlos Buell, but a
general by that name, commanding the Second Brigade). The
regiment was slow falling into line, supposing they were going
to be consolidated We went to General Buell's head quarters,
when he ordered us into camp, not consolidated. Went into
camp not far from head- quarters. Two companies were detailed
by Captain Deton, of the commissary department.
106 GREENE COUNTY IN THE WAR.
On the 2Gth of April we moved a short distance and
camped in the woods, remaining there until the 28th, when we
received orders to march northward and homeward — the most
welcome order that we had ever heard. About ten o'clock in
the morning we were ordered to the regimental head quarters,
and the order read. The division commander General C. C.
Walcutt, said, " Boys, you have done it all. You may make as
much noise as you please from this until you start home."
There was no more sleep that night. The boys commenced
shooting ; the artillery, which had been parked, was at once in
position, and the noise commenced, louder, if possible, than if
we had been in a regular engagement. General Beard, who
commanded the Second Division, was stationed several miles
toward Raleigh, who, hearing the noise, supposed that we had
got into an engagement with Joe Johnson, and, it is said, double-
quicked his men nearly five miles to support, or, rather, re-in-
force us, before he found out what was the cause of the hubbub.
Started next morning at six o'clock, midst cheering and
great rejoicing. We had now set our faces toward home. Left
camp, band playing, ''The Girl I Left Behind Me," and
"Yankee Doodle." Marched about twenty-two miles, and
camped in the woods.
April 29th. Started again, about seven o'clock, and went a
few miles and halted about four hours; then started again, and
went about four miles farther. Colonel Findley informed us
that we were still the old Seventy-fourth ; and we gave three
April 30th. At Morris ville Station. Chaplain preached.
Started for Richmond at one o'clock. Marched about twenty
miles, to Neuse River, and camped.
May 1st. Started at five o'clock. Marched about twenty-
five miles, going as far as Tar River, to dinner. Crossed Tar
THE SEVENTY-FOURTH. 107
River, and marched on through Oxford, and camped about a
May 2d. Again on the march. Passed through a Httle
town called Williamsburg, to the Roanoke River. Crossed the
line into old Virginia, Mecklenburg County, about six o'clock
p. M. Camped near the river. Went boat-riding on the
Roanoke. The next day we crossed the river on pontoons, and
passed through Boydton. Marched seventeen miles.
May 4th. The Seventy fourth again on the march. Hard
marching. Marched thirty-one miles to-day.
May 5th. Started again. Raining some. Crossed Notaway
Creek at the falls. Passed Notaway Court house. Very tired
at night. Marched thirty miles.
May 6th. Started about six o'clock. Crossed the Appo-
mattox River. Marched on to within nine miles of Richmond.
Very warm. Marched twenty-four miles.
May 7th. Started at daylight for Richmond. Marched to
James River, and halted on the bank opposite Belle Isle, in full
view of the city. Saw where the Union prisoners were kept,
and also the dead line, a ditch where, if a prisoner s-tepped
beyond, he was shot. Many a poor fellow stepped over the
line purposely, choosing rather to be shot than to be starved to
death. We remained at that place till about two o'clock, when
we received orders to march five miles and go into camp. We
marched out on the Danville Railroad, and camped in the
woods. We remained in camp, resting, cleaning up arms, etc.,
until the 11th of May.
When we started again, as we passed through Manchester
we had a reception by the troops of the Twenty-fourth Corps.
We crossed the James River on pontoons, passing by Castle
Thunder and Libby Prison, and marched through several streets.
Here the negroes seemed to be our only friends. They had
water at every corner along the streets, and waited on the boys,.
GREENE COUNTY IN THE WAR.
supplying them with water; and many a "God bless you,
massa," was uttered by them. We marched out toward Alex-
andria, crossed the Chickahominy River, and toward night,
though a thunder-storm was rising, still we marched on, the
clouds threatening to overtake us, until at last, just at dusk, we
filed out to the right, and were ordered to halt and stack arms.
We had no sooner obeyed the order when it became very dark,
and the rain came down in torrents. There we were in the
darkness, without tent or shelter, having marched nearly all day,
tired and hungry. We procured our gum blankets and sat down
on our knapsacks. As soon as the rain ceased coming down so
hard, I procured a hatchet, and, groping my way along in the
darkness, seeing a Httle when there was a flash -of lightning,
found some brushes, cut some poles, and went back and tried to
erect a tent; but in the darkness it was slow work. We man-
aged, however, to get our tent up, and had spread our blankets
on the wet ground and just laid down when there came a gust
of wind, upsetting our tent and exposing us and our blankets to
the storm and rain; for it had not ceased raining. We arose
and adjusted our tent as best we could, and, going to the stack
of arms, procured guns, and, with the bayonets, staked our tent
The next morning we moved a short distance and halted
beside the road, our blankets wet and heavy. When we halted,
the sun came out warm and pleasant, and we soon had our
blankets hung out to dry. We did not start again until about
four o'clock, by which time our blankets were dry as well as the
roads, and everything appeared more pleasant and comfortable.
Marched some nine miles, passing Hanover Court house. Went
as far as Pamunky River. The river was high, and we had to
wait until bridges were made and the troops ahead had crossed
over. We had to halt several times before we reached the
river. Night coming on, we spread our blankets and laid down
THE SEVENTY-FOURTHT. 109
three times that night. We finally crossed the river and camped
at four o'clock next morning.
May 13lh. Started again on the march, crossing the river
and taking a westerly course, toward the Blue Ridge Mountains.
Marched about twenty miles.
May 14th. Again on the march. Went about twenty
May 15th. Started again. In sight of mountains. Marched
about twenty miles.
May 16th. Started again. Turned northward, crossing
the Rapidan at Raccoon Ford. Passed the battle-ground of
May 17th. Crossed the Rappahannock River at Kelly's
Ford. Camped at Cedar Creek and drew rations.
May 18th. Started again at five o'clock. Very warm.
Marched over part of Bull Run battle-ground. Saw the fortifi-
cations, and the ground strewn with old knapsacks, haversacks,,
and other relics of a battle-field. Halted at Bull Run. Crossed
it and got dinner. Went into the creek, swimming. Marched
about three miles farther, making eighteen miles on that day.
Rained at night.
May 10th. Started at five o'clock. Passed Fairfax Court-
house. Arrived in sight of Alexandria and Washington City,
and camped about five miles from the capital.
May 20th. In camp. Raining. Several of the boys
came to the regiment to day, among whom were George
Kempher, L. Wright, S. Mullen, Clinton Randolph, C. Hols-
man, B. Crossy, John Norwood, and S. Kildow, of Company
C. While encamped at this place the grand review came off —
the review of the Army of the Potomac on the 22d, and the
next day the review of the Army of the West, General Sher-
man's. It was a grand affair. Never before was there anything
like it. and, 1 i)resume, never will be again. Among the many
110 GREENE COUNTY IN THE WAR.
mottoes and devices were such as these: Liberty and Freedom;
Patriots, Welcome Home ; Western Heroes ; Shiloh ; A^icksburg ;
Atlanta ; Stone River ; Savannah ; Raleigh ; Mission Ridge ;
Lookout Mountain, etc. We marched up Maryland Avenue,
around the Capitol, down Pennsylvania Avenue to the treasury
building and president's house, where we were reviewed by
Generals U. S. Grant, Sherman, and Mead, President Johnson,
Secretary Stanton, and others. We then marched out by the
Aqueduct bridge, and back to camp.
On the 26th we broke up camp and moved across the river
on the long bridge, marched through the city, and went into
camp about a mile west of the city, near the Baltimore pike.
While marching through the city part of the regiment repre-
sented Sherman's bummers and foragers, some on mules, with
tin pans, ketdes, corn-fodder, chickens, bacon, tobacco, etc.,
etc., just as they used to be seen going through Georgia and the
Carolinas. The day was rainy and disagreeable, but we had
become accustomed to that.
We remained in camp until the 9th of June, nothing of
importance transpiring during the time. We did some guard
duty. The rest of the time was spent in resting in camp or
visiting the city and the most public places, such as the Capitol
buildings and grounds, the Patent Office, Smithsonian Insti-
On the 9th we took the cars for Parkersburg, West Virginia,
by way of Harper's Ferry.
We arrived at Parkersburg on the 11th, without accident,
notwithstanding the greater part of the regiment rode on top of
the cars, day and night, through several tunnels. While at
Cumberland City the regiment was furnished with coffee.
On the 12th we embarked on board the steamer Elenora,
and arrived at Louisville on the 14th, camping about four
miles from the city.
THE SEVENTY-FOURTH. Ill
On the Fourth of July General Sherman nnade us a farewell
speech. We formed line in the morning, and marched out into a
field about a mile from camp. The field was grown up in weeds
about as high as a man's head. It was an exceedingly hot day.
We remained in line about two hours, waiting for the general ;
but he did not come. We returned to camp, and in the after-
noon the general made his speech, on horseback, in the camp,
we being drawn up in line to receive him.
On the 11th we broke up camp and marched to Louisville,
and went on board the steamer General Buell.
We arrived at Cincinnati on the 12th, and took the cars for
On the l-lth the regiment took the cars for Xenia, at which
place it had a reception. Here we remahied until the 17th,
when we again went to Camp Dennison, and on the 18th of
July, 1865, we were paid off, received our discharge papers, and
became citizens once more, having served the country nearly
four years. The same day we took the cars for Xenia, and the
Seventy-fourth was no more.
The aggregate loss of the Seventy-fourth in the Adanta
campaign, ending with the battle of Jonesboro, was eighteen
killed and eighty-eight wounded. At that time several officers
resigned and were mustered out, namely, Colonel Given,
Captains McMillan, Armstrong, and Baldwin, and Lieutenants
Adams and Baldwin.
The Seventy fourth was the last to leave Kingston, Georgia,
in the new campaign through that state, severing the link that
connected it with the North on the 12th of November, 1864
We arrived at Savannah, December 21st, and left that place for
the South Carolina campaign January 25, 1865. Owing to the
112 GREENE COUNTY IN THE WAR.
bad condition of the roads, which had to be corduroyed before
they could be passed, the corps made slow progress.
The Seventy-fourth was, about this time, detailed as train-
guard — a post of danger and responsibility, as the enemy were
watching eagerly for a chance to capture the supply-train. The-
Seventy-fourth was with the supply-train through the Carolinas,
and on May 7th arrived at Richmond, having averaged thirty-
two miles a day, being the third regiment to arrive at the river,
where we stacked arms with but one man missing from the
On the arrival of all the troops, on the 11th of May, the
march to Washington began.
The muster-out rolls of the Seventy-fourth were made out
bearing date July 10, 1S65, and signed by the mustering officer
of the First Division ; and on the- 11th of July the regiment,
having received the farewell addresses and thanks of their corps,
division, and brigade commanders, started for Camp Dennison,
The reception at Xenia, on the 16th of July, will not soon
be forgotten. An immense crowd was gathered in the city.
Congratulatory addresses were delivered, and tables, loaded with
all the choicest delicacies, were spread by the fair daughters of
Xenia. Bouquets and wreaths of flowers were showered through
the ranks, and everything was done that could in any way
express the unbounded joy and gratitude of fathers, mothers,
wives, sisters, and friends.
On the 17th of July the regiment returned to Camp Denni-
son, and on the 18th received pay and final discharge papers.
After starting on the Atlanta campaign the regiment was
under an almost continuous fire of rebel musketry and artillery
for over one hundred days. At Buzzard's Roost we were
especially engaged m the attempt to storm that stronghold, at
wliich place, on the 9th of May, we lost sixteen men killed and
THE SEVENTY-FOURTH. 113
wounded, and at Resaca, May 15th, nine men were killed and
wounded. In the engagement of the 27th of May, the conduct
of the Seventy-fourth and other regiments of the Third Brigade
elicited the highest encomiums from the division commander.
The following anecdote of the Seventy-fourth and Colonel
Moody has been in print before, but I will give it to my readers ;
Colonel Granville ]\Ioody, commanding the Seventy-fourth
Ohio Volunteers, is a famous Methodist preacher. He relin-
quished the altar for the sword. Malicious people insinuated
that the gospel had lost the services of a good advocate, and
that the army was not promoted by its accession from the pulpit.
But the colonel proved that he was a tremendous fighter as well
as a good preacher. He is fifty or more, perhaps, but well
preserved, with magnificent front, and six feet two or three
inches of stature. He has a fine, genial face, fiery dark eyes,
and vocal range that would have excited the envy of roaring
Ralph Stackpole. He carried into battle a spirit of enthusiasm
which inflamed his boys to the highest pitch of daring, and won
for him the admiration of thousands.
Lieutenant Colonel Von Schra'der, inspector general on the
staff of General Thomas, than whom a braver or better soldier
never resisted the storm of battle, had not been on friendly terms
with Moody for some months, but admiring his splendid gal-
lantry, he approached him in the heat of desperate conflict,
extended his hand, expressed his earnest approbation of the
colonel's heroism, and begged that peace ever after might exist
between them. A little later Moody's "boys" — as he pater-
nally called them — were obliged to withstand a terrific fire,
without enjoying an opportunity to return it. Moody galloped
to General Negley and protested, "This fire, general, is per-
114 GREENE COUNTY IN THE WAR.
fectly murderous ; it will kill all my boys.'^ But there was no
help fcfr it. His martial flock, imposing upon his benevolent
nature, sometimes indulged a little sly humor at his expense.
In the midst of a battle an Irishman in the regiment shouted,
"His riverence, the colonel, has been fightin' Satan all his life.
I reckon he thinks hell's broke loose now."
Not long after the battle General Negley merrily accused
him of having used heterodox expletives in the ardor of engage-
ment. " Is it a fact, colonel," inquired the general, ''that you
told the boys to give 'em hell? "
" Now," replied the colonel, reproachfully, "there's some
more of the boys' miscliief. I told the boys to give the rebels
Hail Columbia, and they wickedly perverted my language."
This was true. The cc/lonel said, "Now, boys, say your
prayers, and give them Hail ' — he had just got the word hail
out, when the rebels let loose a volley at us, and drowned the
But there was no doubt that one of his injunctions to -his
regiment sounded marvelously like a fervent ejaculation swelling
up from the depths of the " amen chorus " in an old-fashioned
Methodist church. This fact must be imagined that the anec-
dote may be appreciated. The colonel's mind was saturated
with piety and pugnacity. He praised God and pitched into
the rebels alternately. He had been struck by bullets four times
already. He had given the rebels Hail Columbia once, and
they reeled back to cover. Now they are swarming back to
renew the contest. Moody's regiment v/ere lying on their
bodies, waiting for them to come up. He had a moment to
spare, and he thought he would exhort them. The rebels were
advancing sharply, and probably cut him short; but as they
approached he said, quietly, "Now, boys, fight for your coun-
try and your God." "And," said one of his boys, "we all
thought he was going to say, * Amen ! ' but at that instant the
THE SEVENTY-FOURTH. 115
rebels let fly, and the old hero roared with the voice of a Stentor,
* Aim low ! ' " Weeks after, when the colonel passed through
the camp, the mischievous boys would shout behind him, " Fight
for your country and your God — Aim low ! "
Mr. James A. Lynch, of Company C, related to me the
following incidents :
'' When the Seventy-fourth was on picket near Nashville, in
1862, while at my post, a proud Johnnie drove up in a buggy.
I halted him, and demanded his pass. He remarked that he
lived in sight, and that he had shown it a few days ago, and was
about to drive on, when I drew my gun up close to his bread-
basket. He then succumbed to a Yankee mudsill, and ever
after that, when I saw him coming, I would exchange posts
with the boys, so as to demand his pass. I understood he had
been cashier of a bank at Nashville.
''When near Franklin," continues Mr. Lynch, "I went
into a sweet-potato patch, and got a good supply of potatoes, when
the old lady came out and begged me to give them up. The
sack was on my shoulder, and I told her not to be troubled ;
that I would see the colonel, and have him issue an order to the
effect that the boys should not molest her sweet-potato patch.
I returned to camp, untied my sack, and poured out my sweet-
potatoes. When young Clark asked me where I got them, I
directed him to the place, and told him that the old lady was
clever, and invited the Seventy-fourth boys to come and get
potatoes. Clark took the sack, and was gone a short time, but
returned with only a few potatoes, and evidently disappointed.
The old lady told him a man had promised her that he would
see the colonel, and have him prohibit the boys getting any more
potatoes. At the same place,'' says Lynch, "a Mr. Irvine took
116 GREENE COUNTY IN THE WAR.
a notion to forage a little, but as General Biiell had issued an
order prohibiting foraging, we thought we would forage on our
own hook. Accordingly we started and went a long way from
camp, taking only our revolvers with us. Pretty soon we came
across a nice lot of hogs, near the river. They were very wild,
but we fired at one, slightly wounding it. It took to the water,
and Irvine on one side and I on the other, began pelting it with
rocks, etc., when it soon submitted to have its hide taken off.
We saw at a distance some men, whom we supposed to be rebels,
so we started back to camp on the double quick."
Mr. Lynch was detailed into the pioneer corps. He says :
''At one time, when near Kenesaw Mountain, the rebels shelled
us. My comrade and I laid a rail down on a rock to build a
fire and get dinner, but as we stood on one side a cannon-ball
struck the rail and knocked it into splinters. We then gathered
up the pieces, made our coffee, and laughed at the Johnnies for
making us fire-wood.
"In the sauie corps," says Mr. Lynch, "our squad cap-
tured a negro man, to cook for them. He was dissatisfied, and
wanted to leave. The boys wanted to have some fun, so they
formed a ring around the darkey, and called to me to come and
swear him in. I ordered him to take off his hat. He stood up
like a man, and I swore him in as follows : ' You do positively
swear in the presence of these Yankees, the searchers of all
meat-houses, that you will faithfully perform your duty, as you
shall answer to Abraham Lincoln?' He replied, 'Yes, sah.'
He shordy after left in the night.
" As I was returning to my regiment — the Seventy- fourth,"
— Mr. Lynch says again, " I was placed on guard-duty, to guard
a train loaded with ammunition, going to Chattanooga, from
Stevenson, Alabama. Our force consisted of one hundred and
fourteen men. Twelve hundred rebels attacked us at the foot
of a mountain. Samuel Smith, of Company H, and I pledged
THE SEVENTY-FOURTH. 117
ourselves to stand by each other, and take care of the other
should either be wounded. We had a hard fight, and the enemy-
whipped us. They broke Smith's arm, but 1 stood by him, and
we waded the river and made our escape. I took him back to
the hospital at Stevenson, and there left him."
THE LUCKY REB.
While cut off from rations at Nashville, it was our rule to
go out into the country to forage, and invariably we had with us
the advance-guard, or cavalry. They generally got the best
forage, and if any sport was on hand they fared the best. One
day I borrowed the quartermaster's horse, and armed with a
good carbine, concluded to accompany the cavalry squad, which
numbered about twenty or thirty men. I fell in with a young
man who belonged to the Second Kentucky Cavalry. We took
our course down the river. About sixteen miles from the city
we discovered a squad of rebs, and accordingly "went for
them." '* Kaintuck" and I singled out a reb mounted on a fine
sorrel mare, and began a vigorous race, both of us firing, but to
no effect. Finally, by taking short cuts, we came up to him,
while nearing a brook. He suddenly dismounted ajid jumped
into the water, and sat down, so that his head was above the
water. As we rode up he begged us not to shoot, and we
ordered him out. He came out and surrendered his horse and
shot-gun, and said he had just enlisted in his company only the
day before. " Kaintuck " remarked, *'You are a darned sight
luckier than I was — to enlist one day in the service and get out
THE MAN WHOSE WIFE WOULD BE UNEASY.
During the time the Seventy-fourth regiment was at Nash-
ville, and when the Louisville & Nashville Railroad was cut, we
lis GREENE COUNTY IN THE WAR.
not unfrequently 37ere called out in line of battle to meet Mor-
gan, or Forrest, or some other band of guerrillas. One evening
while lying in line on College Hill, awaiting what we then-
thought an attack, a man on a small white pony was seen outside-
the lines riding leisurely around, as though in search of some-
thing. Colonel Moody sent out for him, and on being interro--
gated as to his business, he said he was looking for his hogs.
The colonel told him he must stay with us that night, at which:
he became very restive, and said he lived only a few miles,
away, had a nice home, and his wife would be uneasy if he did
not return that night. The colonel said to him, " There are lots
of fellows here who have nice homes, and the flowers bloom just,
as fresh in their yard as in yours, and their wives will be uneasy,
too, because they are not there ; so tie up and try soldiering one
night. Here is a blanket to lie on." He refused to tie up, but
sat down on the ground, holding his pony's bridle-rein in his.
hand until morning. I don't think he moved from his first
position during the night. In the morning the colonel told him.
he could go home. I judge he had a poor opinion of soldier-life..
THE SEVENTY- FOURTH, 11&
BY^RA S. OWENS,
COMPANY C, SEVENTY-FOURTH REGIMENT, O. V. V, I.
TUNE—" Happy Land of Canaan.'
On the third day of May we started on our way,
The boys then were not complainin'
That they then had to go to meet the rebel foe ;
So we started for the happy land of Canaan.
Ho, boys, ho, we'll for the rebels go.
And whip them, too, we are aimin' ;
And we'll never give them rest,
But we'll drive them from their nest ;
For we're bound for the happy land of Canaan.
At Buzzard's Roost they made a stand ;
But the Yankees were on hand ;
And to whip the rebels they were aimin' ;
But we went around Snake Gap to catch them in a trap ;
For we're bound for the happy land of Canaan.
Chortis — Ho, boys, ho, etc.
At Resaca we pressed so tight that we had another fight,
For we were so fast on them gainin' ;
Till at last they left the place, then we had another race ;
For we're bound for the happy land of Canaan.
Chorus — Ho, boys, ho, etc.
At Dallas they made a stop, to give us another pop —
The rebels that still were remainin' ;
But the Yankees were so tough that the Johnnies got enough
For we're bound for the happy land of Canaan.
Chorus — Ho, boys, ho, etc.
120 GREENE COUNTY IN THE WAR.
The Yankees now in force, then took another course,
Although it was muddy and a rainin' ;
But we didn't stop for rain, but went for them again ; ,.
For we're hound for the happy land of (Canaan.
Chorus — Ho, boys, ho, etc.
At Kenesaw we had to halt, but that was Johnny's fault ;
For every nerve we were strainin' ;
But we'll whip the rebs so bad, 'twill make them very sad ;
For we're bound for the happy land of Canaan.
Chorus — IIo, boys, ho, etc.
The twenty-second day of June, late in the afternoon,
The rebels' shells were a rainin' ;
But they couldn't shell us out, and we gave them turn about;
For we're bound for the happy land of Canaan.
Chorus — Ho, boys, ho, etc.
Then on the second of July the rebels had to fly,
For Kenesaw mound we were gainin' ;
It was getting rather hot, so they had to leave the spot ;
For we're bound for the happy land of Canaan.
Chorus — Ho, boys, ho, etc.
The next place of renown was Marietta town.
In it were people yet remain in' ;
But Shei-man traveled on, for the rebels they were gone ;
For we're bound for the happy land of Canaan.
Chorus — Ho, boys, ho, etc.
At Chattahoochee's banks he thought to stop the Yanks —
General Johnson, with his army, to sustain him,
For his works were very strong, but he couldn't hold them long
For we're bound for the happy land of Canaan.
Chorus — Ho, boys, ho, etc.
THE SEVENTY- FOURTH. 121
And now we will determine, with our leader, General Sherman,
And the balance of the army to sustain him,
To crush the rebel band, and to redeem the land ;
For we're bound for the happy land of Canaan.
Chorus — lio, boys, ho, eic.
Now the rebels thought they would, by getting General Hood,
Whip the Yankees that were then on them gainin' ;
So they charged with might and main, but we drove them back again ;
For we're bound for the happy land of Canaan.
Chorus — Ho, boys, ho, etc.
IMow, to get the rebs to fight, we marched unto the right.
And to draw the rebels out we were aimin' ;
But when Hood found out the trick, he left Atlanta quick,
For we're bound for the happy land of Canaan.
Chorus — Ho, boys, ho, etc.
The railroad track we tore a dozen miles or more,
To cut off the reb's supplies we were aimin' ;
For Sherman is the man to flank the rebel clan,
For Ave're bound for the happy land of Canaan.
Chorus — Ho, boys, ho, etc.
Atlanta now is ours, and by all the southern powers,
With Jeff Davis and his minions to sustain him ;
•Our flag shall proudly wave o'er many a traitor's grave ;
For we're bound for the happy land of Canaan.
Chorus — Ho, boys, ho, etc.
At last when we are through, and have whipped the rebel crew,
Although it is very hard campaignin' ;
We will not regret the past, but all go home at last ;
For we're bound for the happy land of Canaan.
Chorus — Ho, boys, ho, etc.
122 GREENE COUNTY IN THE WAR.
BY IRA S. OWENS.
We left our homes and friends so dear,.
To fight for freedom's cause ;
Yes, for our country's sake we're here,
And to protect its laws.
The Union we will still preserve,
Although we have to fight ;
From duty we will never swerve.
But stand up for the right.
In days of yore our fathers fought,
And bled, and died, that we
Might share the glories so dearly bought,
And that we might be free.
Those patriot sires, that noble band,
We'll not forget them, no ;
They fought and saved our native land,
And conquered many a foe.
Then by our country's flag we'll stand.
The Union we will save ;
O'er North and South, o'er all the land
Our flag shall proudly wave.
Since we obeyed our country's call,
And flew to its relief,
It's caused the tears of friends to fall,
And filled their hearts with grief.
God speed the time when war shall cease.
When rebels shall succumb ;
When we shall once again have peace,
And traitors hear their doom.
For then shall war be heard no more i
Then friends shall meet again ;
And fighting then shall all be o'er.
And peace triumphant reign.
THE SEVENTY- FOURTH. 123
ON THE DEATH OF R. S. DILWORTH.
The soldier sleeps his last long sleep,
His friends in anguish o'er him weep ;
For his country's flag his life he gave,
He is sleeping now in an honored grave.
No more at the bugle's call he'll come.
Or march to the music of the drum ;
His voice is hushed, his spirit fled,
Ah ! yes, he's numbered with the dead.
Rest, soldier, rest ; thy warfare's o'er,
No more you'll hear the cannon's roar ;
No night alarms disturb your breast.
Then sweetly slumber, sweetly rest.
Ah ! how sad the thought to those
Fond friends at home ; ah ! yes, who knows
The depths of sorrow hearts must feel ;
But God alone the wound can heal.
The noble hero patriot fell ;
His work is done, he did it well ;
His sword is sheathed ; let it remain,
He ne'er shall take it up again.
Although we feel his loss is great,
Heaven has thus decreed his fate ;
His friends and comrades speak his fame,
Forever honored be his name.
There is one fond heart now left to mourn.
From whose embrace so lately torn,
On whom will fall the hardest blow.
Will be the deepest grief, we know.
124 GREENE COUNTY IN THE WAR.
The loving wife so soon must part
With the idol of her loving heart;
But trust in God, grace vi'ill be given,
And meet your dearest one in heaven.
Friends will drop affection's tears,
The lapse of months or lapse of years
Shall not banish from the mind
Thy many acts of love so kind.
"When war is o'er and victory won,
We'll think of thee, the absent one —
In years to come when once again
Sweet peace shall universal reign.
Lieutenant Dilworth's work is done,
He rests in peace, his race is run ;
Whilst many hearts with grief o'erflow.
Naught can disturb his sweet repose.
Farewell, soldier, noble friend.
And when this toilsome life shall end,
When all earth's sorrows shall be past.
We hope to meet in heaven at last.
THE FOUR DAYS" SCOUT.
I will now write a song, and I think I am right,
About the trip that we took with Hambright;
Of the farms that we passed, and the nice little villas,
The time we went hunting the rebel guerillas.
The time that we started was the month of October,
The twenty-fourth day, we being all sober ;
We traveled eight miles, and then we encamped,
And for that day this was as far as we tramped.
THE SEVENTY FOURTH. " 125
We marched the next day as far as Dirt Town,
Where, off in the woods, some saddles were found.
Sometime in the day, when we came to a halt,
We saw an old man who was loaded with salt.
He had rive or six barrels in his wagon he had bought,
All the way from Blue Mountain his salt he had brought;
He said that the rebels to Blue Mountain had gone,.
So onward we went and left him alone.
That night we encamped right close to a mill,
(If the mill isn't gone I guess it's there still );
The way that we went, and the road that we took,
We followed our leader, whose name was Cap. Crook.
Of potatoes and molasses we had plenty to eat,
Besides, we had pork, the best of fresh meat ;
So we had plenty of forage, of the very best kind.
Though sometimes the brigade would leave us behind..
Now Crook, as a leader, we very well knew
Was gallant and brave, and so was he true ;
And should we have chanced to have heard a big noise.
Captain Crook is the man who would have staid with his boys.
In battle the captain has often been tried,
No one his courage has ever denied ;
And if you should happen on the captain to call,
You will find he is kind and courteous to all.
Since the captain is going to leave his command.
And return once again to his own native land,
To lay down his sword, and cease fighting his foes,
May joy go with him wherever he goes. *
The next day we marched, and at night there was rain^
And the next day we marched to our division again ;
Four days and three nights we were out on the scout,.
And I guess no one knew what we were about.
Twelfth Regiment, 0. V. I
Under the call for seventy-five thousand three months'
-troops, the Twelfth Ohio Infantry was organized at Camp Jack-
son, Ohio, May 3, 1861. It moved to Camp Dennison May
6th, there re-enlisted, and was re organized and mustered into
the service for three years on the 28th of June, 1861. The
Twelfth left Camp Dennison for the Kanawha Valley, July 6th,
arrived at Point Pleasant on the 9th, and on the 14th reached
On the 17th of July the regiment fought the battle of Scary
Creek, the enemy being strongly fortified beyond a ravine. The
regiment fought three liours, and after exhausting its ammuni-
tion, fell back in good order to its camp at the mouth of the
Pocataligo, with a loss of five killed, thirty wounded, and four
missing. The regiment entered Charleston, West Virginia, on
the 25th, and reached Gauley Bridge on the 29Lh, where it cap-
tured a large quantity of arms and ammunition. Eight compa-
nies marched down the Kanawha to Camp Piatt, August 13th,
and from there moved to Clarksburg, West Virginia, and were
there assigned to General Ben ham's brigade.
Marching south through Weston, Sutton, and Summerfield,
they arrived at Carnifex Ferry, September 10th, and engaged in
the battle of that place, losing two killed and ten wounded. It
was here that the brave Colonel John W. Lowe fell. Two days
after this they were engaged in a siight skirirnsh on the Gauley
with guerillas, then marched to Camp Lookout, and trom there,
on October 10th, moved to Hawk's Nest, on New River.
THE TWELFTH. 127
In the meantime the two companies left at Gauley Bridge
surprised and routed two hundred rebel cavalry under Jenkins,
on the 25th of August. They were engaged in several skir-
mishes and reconnoissances, and finally joined the other eight
companies at Hawk's Nest, on the 16th of October.
On the 1st of November the Twelfth marched to the mouth
of Loop Creek, and attempted to flank Floyd, who was threaten-
ing Gauley. It soon after engaged in the pursuit of Floyd's
forces, and having followed him until near Raleigh C. H., gave
up the chase and returned to Loop Creek. The regiment was
transferred to General Cox's brigade, December 10th, and
moved to Charleston, and went into winter quarters.
On the 3d of May, 1862, the regiment left Charleston and
joined Scammon's brigade at the mouth of East River. It skir-
mished at the narrows of New River, fell back to Princeton,
then to Blue Stone River, then to the Summit of Flat Top
Mountain, and fortified. From the 20th of May until the 14th
of August, the regiment scouted the country in every direction,
made some heavy marches in the mountains, and captured many
bushwhackers. It was ordered to the Army of the Potomac
August 15th, and arrived at Alexandria on the 24th.
The Twelfth regiment met the enemy at. Bull Run bridge,
August 26th, was severely engaged for six hours against a greatly
superior force, and was compelled to fall back to Fairfax Station,
with a loss of nine killed, sixty-eight wounded — six mortally —
and twelve missing. The regiment returned to Alexandria,
rejoined Cox's brigade, and marched to Upton Hill. On the 7th
of September it advanced into Maryland, and after a sharp skir-
mish at Monocacy Bridge, on the 12th, entered Frederick City.
On the 14th of September it engaged in the battle of South
Mountain, participating in three bayonet charges and capturing
three battle-flags, a large number of small arms, and over two
hundred prisoners, and sustaining a loss of sixteen killed, ninety-
128 GREENE COUNTY IN THE WAR.
one wounded, and eight missing. On the 17th the regiment
was engaged at Antietam, and lost six killed and twenty-nine
wounded. After the battle it marched for West Virginia via
Hagerstown and Hancock, Maryland ; but on arriving at Han-
cock it moved into Pennsylvania to operate against Stewart's
cavalry. Stewart having retreated, the Twelfth returned to
Hancock, and arrived at Clarksburg, West Virginia, October
16th. The regiment marched from Clarksburg October 25th, in
Crook's division, through Weston, Sutton, and Summerville,
endeavoring to gain the rear of the rebel forces in the Kanawha
Valley, and arrived at Gauley Bri'dge November 14th, the rebels
having retreated before the division arrived.
On the 4th of December the regiment marched to Fayette
C. H., West Virginia, and went into winter quarters. Here it
was assigned to the second brigade, third division, and eighth
army corps. The brigade, under Colonel White, repulsed the
enemy's attack on Fayette C. H., May 9th, 1863, the regiment
losing two killed, nine '.vounded, and eight missing. It pursued
the retreating rebels to Raleigh C. H., and then returned to
Fayette. C. H. On July 13th the Twelfth marched against the
enemy at Piney Creek, but the rebels retreated, and the regi-
ment returned to. Fayette C. H.
The brigade was ordered to Ohio July 17th, to assist in
capturing John Morgan, and after proceeding up the Ohio River
as far as Blennerhassett's Island, and guarding fords for several
days, it returned to Fayette C. H. During the months of
August and September the regiment was employed in construct-
ing fortifications. On the 4th of November it marched against
Lewisburg, but the enemy fled, and the regiment again returned
to Fayette C. H. On the 9th of December it made another
move on Lewisburg, as a diversion for General Averill. Bush-
whackers were very troublesome on this march, and the regiment
lost two killed, two slightly, and two mortally wounded, and two
THE TWELFTH. 129
missing. The Twelfth went into quarters at Fayette C. H., and
was engaged in liolding outposts and in watching the enemy.
On the 3d of May, 1864, the regiment left Fayette C H.,
marched to Cloyd's Mountain, and there engnged the enemy on
the 9th. The fight lasted over an hour, ar.d the regiment lost
eleven killed and sixty-eight wounded. In addition to these
Surgeon Graham and nineteen men, left on the field in charge
of the wounded, fell into the enemy's hands. The regiment
pursued the fleeing rebels to New River Bridge, where a heavy-
artillery fight ensued, in which tlie enemy was driven back.
The regiment crossed New River at Pepper's Ferry, and de-
stroyed a number of bridges and a large amount of property-
belonging to the Virginia and Tennessee Railroad.
The Twelfth Regiment marched northward, and on the 19th
reached Blue Sulphur Springs, where it remained until the 31st,
when it moved on Staunton. Arriving at Staunton June 8th, it
joined the forces under Hunter, marched south\vard, flanked
Lexington, and on the 12th assisted in destroying large quanti-
ties of ammunition, and in burning the* Virginia Military Insti-
tute. On the 16th it destroyed the railroad between Liberty and
Lynchburg, and burned several large bridges. The next day it
marched on Lynchburg, and met the enemy at Quaker Church,
three miles from the city. The Twelfth and Ninety-first Ohio
regiments charged the enemy in fine style, and drove them back
in disorder. The Twelfth captured a number of prisoners, and
lost eight killed, and eleven wounded. The next day the regi-
ment w^as engaged before the enemy's works, but withdrew after
dark, and on the 19th marched to Liberty. It moved along the
Virginia and Tennessee Railroad to Salem, and from there pro-
ceeded northw^ard, via Catawba Valley, New Castle, Sweet
Springs, White Sulphur, Lewisburg, and Gauley, to Camp Piatt,
on the Kanawha, where it arrived June 29th. On this march
both men and horses suffered considerably from hunger and thirst.
130 GREENE COUNTY IN THE WAR.
The Twelfth regiment was finally ordered to Columbus,
Ohio, July 2d, and mustered out of the service at that city on
the 11th of July, 1864. During its term of service the regiment
moved, on foot, by rail and water, a distance of four thousand
and forty-nine miles, and sustained a loss in killed, and wounded,
and missing, of four hundred and fifty-five men.
TWELFTH 0. Y. I REUNION.
From Xenia Toichlight, October lo, iSSj.
The members of the Twelfth O. V. I., from Cedarville,
were escorted from the depot early this morning to the St.
George Hotel. The early music aroused the citizens from their
short naps after the election returns, and everybody imagined
the successful candidate had been announced, but a moment's
thought rectified the mistake, for this is the day of the Twelfth
O. V. I. reunion.
At about ten o'clock the band Avent to the depot to meet a
delegation which, in company with all the members of the regi-
ment, was escorted to the Opera House. The stage to day is
very elaborately and tastefully decorated by our city florist —
Lambert. In the decorations the batde flags of the regiment
hold conspicuous places.
ADDRESS OF WELCOME, BY THOMaS E. SCROGGY, ESQ.
I have been introduced as Comrade Scroggy. It was not
my privilege to have been a member of your regiment, excepting
a short time in the beginning of the war, when I served as a
member of Company B, on the bloody field of Camp Jackson,
THE TWELFTH. 131
although I contributed liberally of my relatives — a brother and
brother-in-law, who were members of Company D, and whom
many of you remember.
Soldiers of the Twelfth Ohio Regiment : — On behalf of the
resident members of your regiment, and the citizens of Xenia, I
have the honor and pleasure of extending to you, each and all, a
most cordial welcome. Next to my own — the Thirty-ninth
Ohio — there was no regiment to which I have been more
warmly attached than to the Twelfth ; and I can assure you that
the people of Xenia cherish with fond remembrance your mag-
nificent achievements. Of the two hundred regiments which
Ohio sent to the field, none performed their duty'better, nor are
entitled to greater renown, than yours. During those years of
war, when Ohio proved her loyalty to the Union and to her
soldiers in the field; when her loyal people were giving us aid,
comfort, and consolation; when her sons on other theaters of
the war were performing their part in the awful tragedy, the
soldiers of the Twelfth Ohio were following that battle-torn old
banner wherever it was waving, in triumph, or were sleeping their
List sleep on the fields which their valor has contributed to win.
The battle-fields of Scarrey Creek, Carnifax Ferry, Gauley, Bull
Run Bridge, South Mountain — and who of you will ever forget
th-it terrible conflict, when you made three charges — the Twelfth
Ohio charging the Twelfth North Carolina — when you captured
three battle-flags and two hundred prisoners, the battle-field of
Antietam, Fayette Court House, Cloyd Mountain, New River
Bridge, Quaker Church, Lynchburg, and others which I do not
recall, over which your flag has floated in triumph, are enough
to render your name and fame of this grand old Twelfth im-
Well then might Ohio be proud of the record you were
making for her. On whatever battle-field you stood, a new
luster was added to her name ; and as one of her sons, my heart
132 GREENE COUNTY IN THE WAR.
used to swell with joy and pride, as time after time tidings came
from your far-distant camp-fires in Virginia, that the brave old
Twelfth, whose ranks had been torn by shot and thinned by
shell, still stood at her post of duty. Nobly did you fulfill your
arduous trust during those stirring years of war. Soldiers of the
Twelfth Ohio, let come what may, the record you have made is
beyond reproach. So long as patriotism, constancy, and valor
are esteemed, so long will your immortal deeds be cherished and
revered by brave men and noble women. The historian will-
look in vain to find a grander example of true patriotism than
yours. Many of your bravest, truest, and best boys who went
out with you did not return. You left them on the fields of
battle, and on the mountains, and by the streams of Virginia,
where no voice of mother, wife or sister, will ever wake them ;
where no kind hand will ever strew flowers upon their graves.
They died for liberty — they died for us, and by us they shall
never be forgotten They will live in the affections of their
countrymen and their country's history. It is eminently proper
that you who survive them have these annual reunions, where
you can mingle your joys and your sorrows, and where, in your
imaginations, you can live over again your happiest days of the
war. The people of Xenia, therefore, greet you with that genial,
overflowing welcome, which is due to friends and brothers, to
patriots and benefactors. We greet you as champions of the
eternal principle, that all men are created equal, and that every
man beneath our flag has a perfect right to the enjoyment of
life, liberty, and pursuit of happiness. Welcome, grand old
patriots ! Welcome to the hearts and hospitalities of the people
Comrade Holbrook, of Company F, responded :
Citizefjs of Xenia and Friends : — In response to your greet-
ing and welcome, in behalf of the members of the Twelfth regi-
ment, we tender our sincere thanks. We remember that from
Xenia came our colonel — whom we revere and honor — than
whom upon the field, in the battle, there were none we respected
more than Colonel Lowe. It is not proper for us to boast of
what we have done ; but we are not ashamed of our record in
West and East Virginia, at Antietam, or Bull Run. We were of
that kind that would not allow a goose to bite us or a pig to insult
us. We are glad to be here together. Pardon us, if in our joy
of meeting one another, we may seem to be unappreciative of
your attentions or kindness as citizens of Xenia, but you know
the object of our reunion is to live over the incidents of the war
through which we served together as comrades. It may appear
selfish in us, but I assure you that it is not selfishness. This is
our second reunion. I am glad to see so many here; would
like to see more. We hope to so deport ourselves as to be
worthy of your reception Please accept our hearty thanks for
your kind reception.
Sergeant Stockman, of Franklin, Ohio, the presiding officer,
then announced that the minutes of the previous meeting would
be read by the secretary. The regiment were banqueted at the
St. George, where ample preparations were made.
The large dining-hall of the St. George was elaborately and
tastefully decorated with flags, streamers, and evergreens, in
reception of the Twelfth regimei t. At about 1:30 p. m., the
regiment was dismissed from the Opera House, and marched to
the hotel for dinner, which was enjoyed as only ex soldiers know
how to enjoy a good thing. After dinner they were again
assembled in the Opera House for the afternoon exercises.
Sergeant L. Stockman, presiding officer, announced that
the exercises would consist of short speeches, incidents, songs,
etc., and urged the boys to take part in the proceedings freely.
134 GREENE COUNTY IN THE WAR.
H. S. Day was then called upon to exhibit the relics, which,
fortunately, he had been thoughtful enough to save. Mr. Day
thereupon ascended the stage, and, after some very appropriate
introductory remarks, exhibited the flag of Company C, which
was presented to the company by the ladies of New Richmond,
Ohio, and which they had carried as far as " Flat Top.'' The
old flag was saluted by three rousing cheers. The next relic
called forth much amusement. It was a pen-made poster, an-
nouncing the appearance of the "Buckeye Minstrels," at Fay-
etteville. West Virginia, at the time that the regiment was winter-
quartered there. The minstrel company was formed of the boys
of the Twelfth Regiment, and the running remarks made about
the poster, and the incidents related of the entertainment, were
very enjoyable. The poster was executed by Joe Compton.
Tickets of admission were also exhibited, and it was claimed that
the boys had some way of counterfeiting tickets that annoyed the
managers of the minstrel troupe very much. Mr. Day exhibited
a pass issued to him while at Fayetteville, which he read, together
with several official reports, and announced that he had at home
a shoe, cast off by a fleeing rebel, when one of the Twelfth boys
was after him; also, a piece of a flag-staff that belonged to one
of the North Carolina regiments that fought the Twelfth so stub-
bornly. It was remarked that the Twelfth was at one time in an
engagement with the Twelfth North Carolina, and in the same
battle the Twenty- third Ohio was engaged with the Twenty- third
North Carolina. The next relic was a flattened musket-ball that
had killed Aaron Sayers at Meadow Bluffs. Photographs of
Captain Channel and General J. D. Cox were also presented,
together with many other interesting papers and official reports
referring to the gallant action of the regiment in the field, in one
of which Captain W. H. Glotfelter, of this county, with others,
THE TWELFTH. 135
was recommended for promotion on account of gallant service.
The papers and relics were then delivered to the secretary, to be
placed in the archives of the regiment. Messrs. Holbrook,
Rigor, Lyons, Steve Mitchell, Captain ''Buck" Smith, Captain
Hilt, Sergeant Stockman, and many others whose names we
could not get, related incidents, eliciting amusement and ap-
A DEAD LIVE MAN.
Thomas E. Gaddis called attention to the fact that there
was present in the hall Pat. Pedit, who was reported killed in
one of the battles, and his funeral obsequies had been duly cele-
brated in Germantbwn, Ohio. Sergeant Stockman then related
the strange occurrence substantially as follows : At the second
battle of Bull Run we were compelled to retreat. I saw comrade
Pedit leaning against a stump. I touched him on the shoulder,
and told him to get away from there, the rebels were coming.
He was wounded badly, and as he looked pale, and did hot an-
swer me I supposed him to be dead. Captain Sherwood wrote
to Mrs. Pedit that her husband had been killed. The friends at
his home in Germantown arranged for the funeral, the Odd
Fellows conducted services, the minister preached the funeral,
and the audience was very large. Some time after — I think it
was while we were at Antietam — some one received a letter
from Pat. Pedit, asking about his knapsack. Well ! we all had
some trouble about our knapsacks, but we all had supposed that
Pedit would never care for his knapsack again. He was cap-
tured, and being wounded, was unable to send word home for a
long time — this letter was the first heard of him. We are glad
to see him here alive to-day, and I request him to stand up that
we all may see him. Mr. Pedit, with a wounded arm in a sling,
stood up and modestly bowed to his comrades, who greeted him
with cheers. Mr. Holbrook was called upon to produce, if it
136 GREENE COUNTY IN THE WAR.
was possible, a large knife which he had captured from the
enemy. He said that he did not know where it was at present,
but it was quite a large knife, like a corn-cutter, and had in-
scribed on it, ''Death to Yanks." Some one added that Mr.
Hoibrook captured the knife from a six-footer,
''MARCHING THROUGH GEORGIA."
After frequent calls, Thomas Gaddis, Professor Hoibrook,
and Iliff, took the positon in front and led the regiment in this
stirring song, whose strong chorus — in which the regiment
joined — fairly shook the Opera House. After the song William
Dmgess, of Company D, from Jamestown, arose in the rear of
the house and said, "Though we did not march to the sea, I am
glad we had the honor of marching to wliat we did see.^'
Letters of regrets from the following absent members were
read : J. W. Goldener, Greenville, Ohio ; F. Gunkle, Dayton,
Ohio; J. B. Homan, Blanchester, Ohio; E. K. King, Percival
Havves, Pike, Kansas, and H. F. Cramer. Captain B. Nesbitt,
of this city, was then called upon and made a short address.
Resolutions thanking the comrades of Greene County, and
the people of Xenia, for their kind reception, were passed with
three hearty cheers and a tiger.
The following resolution was then offered by Thomas Gad-
Resolved, That we are acquainted with the facts in the case of our
comrade, T. J. Sutton, of Company H, and that we hereby admit him to
good standing in our association, and we also authorize our officers to
attach their official signatures to his petition for an honorable discharge.
The resolution received a unanimous and emphatic ap-
proval. The executive committee was announced, namely,
George A. Stivers, Isaac Boswell, and William Quick baum.
The president then announced the next thing in order to be
THE TWELFTH. 137
the election of officers for the ensuing year, which was proceeded
with, and the following were all elected unanimously : Pres-
ident, L, Stockman; Vice-president, J. L. Hill; Secretary and
Treasurer, George A. Stivers; Corresponding Secretary, W. B.
Several places were named for holding the next reunion,
but after considerable discussion, Ripley, Ohio, was selected,
and the third Thursday in October, 1884, as the date.
The following is a list of the members who were present :
James Phillips, Morrow; H. C. Parker, Morrow; James
Ireland, Morrow; C. B. Riley, Blanchester; John Kline, Cin-
cinnati; Edward Mader, Cincinnati; Elias Whitacre, Edwards-
ville; James Eagle, Clarksville; H. P. Kiphart, Clarksville ; E.
R. Grim, Morrow; G. N. Smith, Dayton; John Troville, Mor-
I. M. Duncan, New Vienna; J. W. Matthews, New Vi-
enna ; W. H. Glotfelter, Alpha; W. W. B. Alexander, Lagonda;
A. L. Wright, Xenia ; Robert McCreight, Xenia; Ab. Keble,
Xenia ; H. L. Hay, Parkersville, Kansas; R. J. Johnson, Mt.
J. A. Enson, Berrien Springs, Michigan; G. H. Slade,
Bantam; Charles McMast, Moscow; Steve Mitchell, Cincin-
J. E. Brown, Jamestown; F. G. Barber, Garnet, Kansas;
138 GREENE COUNTY IN THE WAR.
R. B, Beard, Clinton County, Kansas; H. D. Kline, Cedar-
ville; John Cordingly, Yellow Springs; John Davis. Mechanics-
burg; W. A. Doyer, Jamestown; J. H. Davidson, Xenia;
Michael Donelly, Yellow Springs ; Ellis Dorriel ; H. W. Ford,
Cedarville; L. C. Ginn, Yellow Springs; J. S. Harper, Xenia;
J. L. Harper, Eureka Springs, Arkansas ; H. C. Huffin ; J. F.
Harris, Jamestown ; W. H. Iliff, Cedarville ; C. W. Stevenson,
Xenia; I. H. Iliff, Cedarville ; Alex. Turnbull, Cedarville ; I.
W. Irwin, Cedarville; John Kirkwood, Springfield; J. T, Wil-
lis, Straughn, Indiana; W. B. Smith, South Salem, Indiana;
Fred Snively, Xenia.
J. L. Van Allen, Utica ; J. M. Deboth, Utica; Wilson
Lamb, Newark ; James Houghy, Newark ; Matthias Bigger,
Newark; D. Weaver, Utica.
R. B. Wilson, Cincinnati ; J. H. Smith, Lebanon ; Irwin
Snook, Lebanon; C. K.- Dunham, Waynesville; E. K. Snook,
South Lebanon ; W. P. Bailey, Morrow ; H. M. Cox^ South
Lebanon ; Josiah Holbrook, Lebanon ; John M. Snook, Lebanon.
J. T. Hilt, Middleton ; J. N. Yager, Jacksonville; N.
Miars, Piqua ; John Vannote, Lebanon ; Joe Pettitt, German-
town; Wm. Boore, Germantown; L. Stockman, W^est Carlisle ;
J. Van Tillbury, Germantown.
Samuel Yeaton, Ripley; George Stivers, Ripley; M. Creek-
baum, Ripley; H. Fisher, Ripley; G. W. Shaw, Ripley; T.
Lowry, Maysville, Kentucky ; Tom Sutton, Aberdeen ; T. C.
Gaddis, Cincinnati; J. E. D. Ward, Dayton.
THE TWELFTH. 13^
Sol. R. Smith, Lincoln, Illinois; John Schon, Dayton;
\Vm. Hink, Dayton ; Jacob Yeider, Hartford City, Indiana ;
Charles Conner, Oxford, Iowa; J. Garruch, Greenville; P.
R. M. Riley, Blanchester; D. M. Taylor, Hillsboro; W.
H. Barker, Centerville; J. W. Eddington, Cincinnati; J. K.
Church, Shelby vilie, Illinois; E. E. Hixon, Martinsville; H.
Ninety-Fourth Regiment, 0. V. I.
This regiment was organized at Camp Piqua, Miami County,
Ohio, under the immediate supervision of Colonel J. W. Frizell.
The officers were appointed on the 22d of July, 1S62, and so
vigorously was the recruiting prosecuted, that in just one month
one thousand and ten men were mustered into the United States
On the 28ih of August, without uniforms or camp equipage,
and never having been drilled as a regiment, the Ninety-fourth
was ordered to Kentucky — that state being then invaded by
rebel forces under Kirby Smith. It proceeded via Cincinnati,
and upon arriving in that city, was immediately ordered to Lex-
ington. By great perseverance the colonel succeeded in obtain-
ing three rounds of cartridges to the man ; and being supplied
with this very limited amount of ammunition, and sufficient
clothing to supply immediate wants, the regiment took the cars
for Lexington, arriving at 9:00 p. m., on Saturday night, where
they heard, for the first time, an authentic account of the batde
After considerable search the colonel succeeded in finding
the officer to whom he was to report, but in such a beastly state
of intoxication as to be unable to rise from his bed, and perfectly
incompetent to give intelligent instructions. With the assistance
of some citizens, passable quarters were obtained for the men.
Hungry, tired, and anxious for the morning, the regiment tried
bivouacking for the first time.
Sunday morning dawned bright and beautiful, disclosing the
THE NINKTY-FOCRTH. 141
town full of Stragglers from the Ricbmond battle-field, relating,
wild stories of defeat and disaster, and though but little confi-
dence was placed in their reports, still this, together with the
general gloom always attending such a state of affairs as then
existed, caused the order for the regiment to i)roceed to Tate's
Ford, pn the Kentucky River, fifteen miles east of Lexington, o\\
the Richmond road, to be received with fearful foreboding.
However, the order was obeyed without a murmur, and aftrr a
hard day's march under a scorching sun, over a dry and du-ty
road, with water very scarce, the regiment arrived near the field
just at dark. This being the first march the regiment had made,
the men were much exhausted, and dropped to the ground as
soon as the order to halt was given.
While the colonel was endeavoring — as best he could in
the darkness — to select a position which could be easily de-
fended, a fire was opened upon the regiment by a rebel scouting
party, concealed in the thickets skirting the road, and it was
afterward ascertained that the whole of Kirby Smith's army was
encamped but a couple of miles north of the Ford. A veteran
regiment could not have behaved better than did the Ninety-
fourth on this occasion. The night was very dark, the men
were lying down, and many had already fallen asleep, but after
the confusion incident to their rude awakening, very little trouble
was experienced in getting the regiment properly formed. The
rebel fire lasted but a moment, yet two men were killed and six
After posting his men to the best advantage, Colonel FYizell
remained with the advance picket-post — which, from the nature
of the country, was but a short distance from the regmient — all
night, Major King, Captain Drury, and the adjutant occupying
intermediate positions between the colonel and the regiment.
The night passed slowly and without further alarm, and as soon
as daylight appeared the hungry men began looking in some
142 GREENE COUNTY IN THE WAR.
wagons that had arrived during the night for the supphes, which
the officer in command at Lexington had said he would send.
The search revealed one hundred and twenty-five rounds of
ammunition to each man, and three sacks of green coffee to the
While endeavoring to make a breakfast from these '* sup-
plies," the rebel army was reported advancing, and soon com-
menced shelling the regiment from a battery they had placed in
position in the woods just across the river. Colonel Frizell
watched the maneuvers of the rebels for a few moments, and
then ordered his adjutant to form the regiment and march back
until past the road, where it was supposed the rebels would
attempt to form and prevent a retreat. The movement was
effected in good order, but none too soon, as the rear guard had
just passed the road when the rebels came trooping from it into
the pike, and began firing upon Captain Drury's command,
which had been selected as rear guard. Colonel Frizell re-
mained in the rear until the advancing rebels were checked,
when he directed the regiment to a certain point, and there to
form for action. He knew that his force was greatly outnum-
bered, but his order was to contest every foot of ground back
to Lexington. Just as the movement was begun a messenger
arrived with an order from General G. C. Smith, dated the night
before, for the Ninety-fourth to return to Lexington with all
The regiment was now twelve miles from any support, with
a fresh and victorious enemy, more than ten times superior in
numbers, close in the rear, and to successfully conduct a retreat
of raw troops under such circumstances, required the most thor-
ough ability on the part of the commander, and the most un-
doubted confidence on the part of the men. The regiment
toiled along the hot and dusty road. Colonel Frizell and Captain
Drury fearlessly exposing themselves, together with the other
THE NINETY-FOURTH. 143
officers, to prevent straggling; but their efforts could not prevent
quite a number of the almost exhausted men from falling by the
wayside, and becoming an easy prey to the closely pursuing
enemy. At four o'clock the regiment reached Lexington, greatly
to the surprise of every one who knew that it had gone out on
the expedition. The order sending it to the Ford was a blunder,
and probably the only thing that prevented its capture was the
very boldness of the movements made.
Oar army that had retreated from Richmond had already
left Lexington, still in retreat toward Louisville, and all stores
that could not be easily transferred had been destroyed. With
the exception of coffee and crackers on Sunday morning, the
men of the Ninety fourth had had little to eat since Saturday
morning, were tired and foot-sore, and in bad condition for
further marching. In the absence of instructions to the con-
trary, it was Colonel Frizell's intention to remain in Lexington,
unless driven out, until the men had procured the much-needed
food and rest ; but the order for continued retreat reached him,
and was obeyed. At daylight the retreating arniy reached Ver-
sailles, and a halt for breakfast was ordered, but just as the coffee
began to boil another order to fall in came from the officer in
command. The season was very dry, and but little water could
be obtained. The suffering in consequence of this may be in-
ferred from the fact that the Ohio soldiers gave five dollars for a
canteen full of muddy water — a dollar a drink — and many
drank from standing pools the water that the horses refused to
touch. The roads were almost ankle deep with dust, and the
sun shone fiery overhead. The day's march began at from two
to three o'clock in the morning, and continued until late in the
night, and the only provisions issued — or to be obtained — were
a few hard crackers each night and what green corn yet remained
in the fields adjacent to the camping-grounds. The troops were
all, or nearly all, newly enlisted, and being unused to such a life,
144 GREENE COUNTY IN THE WAR.
it is not to be wondered at that they fell out of the ranks by the
hundred, and were so easily captured by the force of rebels fol-
Upon arriving at Louisville the Ninety fourth went into
camp, without tents, in the woods, but tlie men were so utterly
exhausted that their only need was rest, as best they could get it.
Having been deprived almost entirely of sleep, water, and food
for seven days, marching night and day, with feet and limbs
swollen almost to bursting, and every sense dulled with suffer-
ing, many of t'le men were pitiable objects. In a short time,
however, all had regained comparative strength, health, and
cheerfulness, and were ready to go where duty called.
The first regular report that the adjutant could make after
arriving at I.ouisyille, showed a loss of two hundred and eighteen
men. With the exception of the two men killed at Tate s Ford,
all eventually returned to the regiment, having been paroled by
the rebels almost as soon as captured.
With the exception of some hard work in tlie trenches and
on fortifications, and a participation in two or three ••' grand re-
views," the regiment had very easy times until the first of Octo-
ber, when the movement began, which resulted in the battle of
Perryville. and the driving of Bragg's rebel army from Kentucky.
Previous to the battle of Perryville the Ninety-fourth had been
assigned to Rosseau's division of McCook's corps, and took an
active part in the engagement, being highly complimented in
general orders. The regiment broke camp near Nashville on
Christmas-day, 1S62, and was in advance of the army marching
on Murfreesboro, and during the battle of Stone River was
engaged every day — from Wednesday until Saturday. The
Ninety-fourth was again in advance on Tullahoma, participating
in the fight at Hoover's Gap in June, 1S63, had a skirmish at
Dug Gap. and were engaged in the hard fought battle of Chicka
mauga. At Lookout Mountain and Mission Ridge the regiment
THE NINETY-FOURTH. 145
again took a prominent part, participating in the grand charge
upon the Ridge; was with Sherman on the march to Atlanta,
taking part in the batdes at Buzzard's Roost, Resaca, Kingston,
Pumpkinvine Creek, Kennesaw Mountain, Chattahoochie River,
Peach Tree Creek, Adanta, and Jonesboro. After pursuing
Hood, the Ninety-fourth participated in Sherman's grand march
to the sea, arriving at Savannah before Christmas. On the 20th
of January, 1865, it was again on the march through North and
South Carolina, and after participating in the battle at Benton-
ville, North Carolina, arrived at Goldsboro on the 23d of March,
1865. The Ninety-fourth was thg first regiment of infantry to
enter Raleigh, North Carolina, and soon 'after the surrender of
Johnston marched to Washington, via Richmond and Alexan-
dria, participating in the grand review before the President,
General Grant, and others, and was mustered out of the service
at Washington on the 6th of June, 1S65, with an aggregate of
three hundred and thirty-eight men — all that were left of them —
left of one thousand and ten 1
One Hundred and Tenth, 0. V. I
This regiment was organized at Camp Piqua, Ohio, on the
3d of October, 1862. On the 19th of October the regiment
moved by railroad to Zanesville, thence by steamer to Marietta,
and from thence by railroad to Parkersburg, Virginia. On the
3d of November it marched to Clarksburg, where it remained
until the, 25th, and then took the cars for New Creek, where it
arrived th^ next day. Here it remained in camp, fortifying, and
drilling, and performing guard and picket duty, until December
13th, whence it marched, via Burlington and Petersburg, to
Moorfield, Virginia. Three hundred men from the One Hun-
dred and Tenth joined an expedition to move in the direction of
Winchester, Virginia, while the remainder of the regiment moved
with another expedition in the direction of Romney. The main
portion of the regiment arrived at Winchester, without serious
interruption, on the 1st of January, 1863, and joined the detach-
ment which had arrived a week previous.
While at Winchester the regiment was assigned to the first
brigade, second division, eighth army corps, and companies A
and D were detailed as provost guard. The regiment was em-
ployed in guard and picket duty, in drilling, fortifying, and
making raids and reconnoissances. At one time a detachment
went to Front Royal and captured a large amount of stores. At
another time a detachment proceeded to Summit Point and
other places, dispersing bands of rebels and destroying stores .
and in the early part of May the regiment marched to New
Market and returned. On the 13th of June the regiment was
THE ONE HUNDRED AND TENTH. 147
moved out to Kernstown, and engaged Lee's advance. This is
the first time the regiment was under fire, but they behaved
bravely. On the morning of the 14th the One Hundred and
Tenth occupied a small earthwork, about three-fourths of a mile
from the main fort. In the afternoon the enemy opened on it
with twenty-six pieces of artillery, and advanced in strong col-
umns to the assault. The regiment held the works until it was
driven out at the point of the bayonet by an overwhelming
force. It attempted to retire in the night, but was met by the
enemy, and a two hours' engagement ensued, in which the
regiment succeeded in cutting its way through, and marched to
On the 16th of June the regiment crossed the river and
encamped on Maryland Heights. On the 1st of July it went by
canal to Georgetown, D. C, then to Tenallytown, then to
Washington, and from thence to Frederick City, Maryland. At
this place the regiment was assigned to the second brigade, third
division, third army corps. Army of the Potomac. Marched in
pursuit of Lee to VViUiamsport, Loudon, Upperville, and Ma-
nassas Gap, where it skirmished with the enemy, and reached
Fox's Ford, on the Rappahannock, on the 1st of August. On
the morning of the 15th the regiment left the Ford, took the cars
at Bealton Station for Alexandria, and from there to New York,
where the regiment camped for awhile on Governor's Island, and
then moved to Carrol Park, South Brooklyn. On the 6th of
September the regiment returned, via Alexandria, to Fox's
Ford, and marched from there to Culpepper, Virginia, in charge
of an ammunition-train. On the 10th of October it moved out
to meet an attack, and remained there all night under arms, and
the next day marched across the Hazell and Rappahannock
rivers, through Centerville, Bristow, Catlett's Station, and at last
reached and occupied the first line, near the Rappahannock.
On the 7th of November the regiment crossed the river, skir-
148 GREENE COUNTY IN THE WAR.
misbing with the enemy, and the next morning made a recon-
noissance, and captured between thirty and forty prisoners. In
the afternoon the One Hundred and Tenth, in advance of
Brandy Station, was severely shelled by the artillery, and was
the first to occupy the enemy's position.
Upon breaking camp at Brandy Station, four companies of
the regiment were detached as train guard, and the others took
a prominent part in the battle of Locust Grove, losing five killed
and twenty wounded. The regiment returned to Brandy Station,
December 3d, and occupied winter quarters.
During the month of March, 1864, the One Hundred and
Tenth became a part of the second brigade, third division, sixth
army corps. On the 4th of March the regiment crossed the
Rapidan, at Germania Ford, and the next day took a position
on the extreme right of the national line at the Wilderness.
After brisk skirmishing it advanced to charge, and drove the
enemy to their works. The regiment held its position until after
dark, and only fell back when its ammunition was exhausted.
The loss sustained was one officer killed, and six wounded :
eighteen men killed, eighty-two wounded, and eleven missing.
The next day the regiment occupied the second line, but was
much exposed to artillery. In the evening, the brigade on the
right being routed, the One Hundred and Tenth fell back about
a mile, and held the new position all day on the 7th, and in the
evening fell back through Chancellorsville to the vicinity of
Spottsylvania C. H. Here the regiment was engaged in fortify-
ing and skirmishing until the 14th, when it marched toward
Spottsylvania, waded the Nye River after dark, and occupied
the enemy's works, from which they had been driven. The One
Hundred and Tenth was almost constantly engaging the enemy,
marching via Guinea Station and Chesterfield Station, crossing
the Pamunky, and throwing up fortifications on Dr. Palmer's
THE ONE HUNDRED AND TENTH. 149
On the 1st of June the regiment was engaged at Cold Har-
bor. In the assault on the enemy's works on the 3d, the regi-
ment was in the front line, and was ordered to continue the
advance after the line halted, which it did, and was exposed for
two hours, when it was withdrawn. During the entire day the
regiment was exposed to a heavy fire, losing one commissioned
officer, four men killed, and thirty-four wounded.
On the 14th the regiment left the works, crossed the Chick-
ahominy, passed Charles City, C. H., embarked on the transport
Star, landed at Point of Rocks, and marched to Bermuda Hun-
dred. In the evening of the 19th it crossed the Appomattox,
and arrived near Petersburg, After resting a day it marched to
the Norfolk and Petersburg Railroad, and charged the enemy's
line, driving it in ; and a few days later moved to the Petersburg
and Weldon Railroad.
On the 30th of June the enemy commenced its return, and
on the 2d of July occupied its former position near Petersburg.
It embarked on the transport City of iVlbany, for Baltimore, where
it arrived on the 8th, and took the cars for Monocacy Junction,
and took part in the Monocacy battle. From there it went to
Eliicott's Mills, where it arrived on the 10th of July. On the
11th the regiment went to Baltimore, and camped at Druid Hill
Park until the 14th, when it took the cars to Washington, and
the next day after marched- through Tenallytown, waded the
Potomac near Edward's Ferry, passed through Snicker's Gap to
the Shenandoah, skirmished with the enemy, and rested awhile.
On the 20th the regiment crossed the Shenandoah, then re-
crossed the river, and marched all night, arriving at Washington
again on the 23d. Three days after it broke camp and marched
through Hyattstown, Monocacy Junction, Frederick City, Mary-
land, and Harper's Ferry to Healltown, arriving on the 29th,
and on the next day fell back through Harper's Ferry to Freder-
ick City, Maryland. On the 3d of August the regiment resumed
150 GREENE COUNTY IN THE WAR.
the march through Buckeyetown, crossed the Monocacy at
Monocacy Mills, then moved by cars from Monocacy Junction
to Bolivar, and marched from there to Healltown, On the
morning of the 10th it marched through Charleston, Newtown,
and Middletown^ arriving at Cedar Creek on the 12th. Here it
was engaged in several skirmishes, and on the 16th marched
as train guard to Charleston. It fell back to Bolivar Heights,
but again advanced to Charleston, and on the 29th, in an en-
gagement, completely routed the rebels. On the 3d of Septem-
ber the regiment marched to Clifton Farm and fortified. On the
19th it crossed the Opequan, and engaged in the battle of Win-
chester. It engaged the rebels at Fisher's Hill, capturing four
pieces of artillery and one hundred prisoners, then marched to
Mount Crawford, and returned to Harper's Ferry. On the 6th
of October it moved to Strasburg, and from there to the vicinity
of Front Royal. On the 13th it marched to Ashby's Gap, and
on the next day returned and camped at Cedar Creek.
On the morning of the 19th of October, when the eighth
and nineteenth corps were driven back, the Sixth Corp, with the
One Hundred and Tenth Ohio in the front line, was formed to
arrest the advancing rebels, and in the final effort, which resulted
in routing the rebels, no regiment took a more active part than
the One Hundred and Tenth. It lost two officers wounded —
one of whom died a few days after — five men killed, and
twenty-seven wounded, and one officer and one man missing.
In the evening the regiment occupied the camp from which it
had been driven in the morning, and occupied it until November
9th, when it encamped one mile from Keinstown, and built
winter quarters. On the 3d of December it marched to Stebbin's
Station, took cars for Washington, proceeded thence to City
Point by steamer, took cars near midnight on the 6th, and
arrived at the front at daylight. It occupied the line east of the
Weldon Railroad, and proceeded to build winter quarters.
THE ONE HUNDRED AND TENTH. 151
On the 9th of February, 1865, the regiment took position
between forts Fisher and Welch, and again erected winter quar-
ters. On the 25th of March the entire brigade assaulted the
strongly entrenched picket-line, and after a second charge, under
a severe fire, carried it, capturing a large number of prisoners
and small arms.
An assault was made on the enemy's works before Peters-
burg, on the 2d of April. Just before daybreak, and before it
was fairly Hght, the Sixth Corps was in possession of the fortifi-
cations and many prisoners and guns. ' The regiment pursued
the enemy, routing him at Saylor's Creek, and continuing the
pursuit until the surrender of Lee.
The regiment marched to Burksville Junction, and on the
17th, at the presentation of captured flags to Major General
Meade, the One Hundred and Tenth — having captured more
flags than any other regiment in the corps — was selected as a
guard of honor to escort them to General Meade's head-
The regiment proceeded to Richmond, Virginia, and while
passing through the city was reviewed by General Halleck ; from
there it proceeded to Washington City, where it was reviewed
by the President and Cabinet at the Executive Mansion. Dur-
ing its term of service the regiment was in twenty-one engage-
ments, and sustained a loss in killed, and wounded, and missing,
of seven hundred and ninety-five men. It was mustered out at
Washington City on the 25th of June, 1865, and was discharged
at Todd's Barracks, Columbus, Ohio.
152 ■ GREENE COUNTY IN THE WAR.
KEIFER LEADS THE VAN.
REGIMENTAL SONG, ONE HUNDRED AND TENTH, O. V. I.
BY LIEUT. H. Y. RUSH.
Come, Buckeye boys, and let us sing, for now we've shouldered arms.
We've .left our wives and sweethearts home, with all their love and charms.
The hills and dales, the old homestead, the lovely scenes of youth,
We've bid a sad farewell to all, to battle for the truth.
Then march along, march along, for Keifer leads the van,
And Foster he will stick to us as long as there's a man ;
Then march along, march along, for Binkley's with us, too ;
And he will never square the books till Davis gets his due.
The traitors first shot down our flag that o'er proud Sumter stood.
And reared their filthy rebel rag, all stained with Union blood.
But Yankee boys can rear again that Banner of the Free,
Whose folds shall all be kissed again with zephyrs from the sea.
Chorus — Then march along, etc.
The rebels they would fain tear down this temple of the free,
And build instead their cushion'd homes of aristocracy.
But from this temple not a stone shall ever be removed ;
For in her halls is justice found, as foreign lands have proved.
Chorus — Then march along, etc.
Our country is the best on earth, and bears the fairest name ;
And she can boast of giving birth to men of deathless fame ;
There's Washington, whose dauntless deeds still keep his mem'ry green,
And Jackson, too, who whipped John Bull, so nice at New Orleans.
Chorus — Then march along, etc.
THE ONE HaNDRED AND TENTH. 153
Poor Jeff, he thinks he's very sharp, and Yancey boasts of wit ;
But we can whet our tools, my boys, for Yankees have the grit.
They call us stupid " mud-sills," boys, and other curious names,
But we have logic in our guns, and more within our brains.
Chorus — Then march along, etc.
Ne'er let your hands grow weary, boys, while in this noble cause,
Till every rebel grounds his arms, submitting to our laws ;
Till on a strong palmetto-limb, a curious fruit you see,
Jeff Davis to a strong hemp rope "a-dancing jubilee."
Chorus — Then march along, etc.
We now are in that " Dixie land," of which we often sing ;
And now the niusic of that song shall from the musket ring.
We come with love within our hearts, but lead within our guns,
With sharp and tickling bayonets to make the rebels run.
Chortis — Then march along, etc.
Come, let us press with vigor on, and crush rebellion down,
Then union, peace, and plenty all, shall through the land abound.
Then wives and children left behind, and sweethearts brave and true
Will welcome back the Buckeye boys" that put the rebels through.
Chortis — Then march along, etc.
Forty-Fourth Regiment, 0. V. L
This regiment rendezvoused at the fair grounds, near Spring-
field, Ohio, during the summer and autumn of 1861, and on the
14th of October, being fully organized, it moved, via Cincinnati,
to Camp Piatt, West Virginia. On the morning of the 19th,
having reached its destination, the regiment disembarked and
pitched its tents for the first time on disputed ground. Two
weeks after its arrival five companies were ordered to Gauley
Bridge, and assisted in driving Floyd from his camp, and en-
gaged in all the skirmishes during his retreat. Before their
return two hundred men from the regiment crossed the Ka-
nawha, marched to Platona, captured the place, and moved on
against Colonel Jenkins, at Logan C. H. — but the colonel de-
camped before their arrival. After being absent six days they
returned, bringing in seven prisoners, some horses, and one
hundred head of catde.
After these expeditions the regiment remained in camp for
five months, quietly driUing. Winter quarters were built, and
the men comfortably sheltered. During the month of November
Captain John M. Bell, of Company K, with an orderly sergeant
and six men, were drowned while crossing the river in a skiff, to
relieve the picket on the other side. This sad accident cast a
gloom over the whole regiment, and it was felt that a serious loss
had been sustained. During the latter part of the winter com-
panies A, B, and K were stationed on the opposite side of the
river from Camp Piatt, for the better security of the camp.
On the 1st of May, 1862, the regiment moved up the river
THE FORTY FOURTH.
to Gauley Bridge, and was brigaded with the Thirty-sixth and
Forty-seventh O. V. I., under Colonel George Crook. The
brigade moved to Lewisburg, and from there the Forty-fourth
and another regiment penetrated as far as Dublin Depot, on the
Jackson River Railroad, and destroyed a portion of the track.
Hearing that a large force of rebels were trying to intercept their
retreat, the two companies withdrew to Lewisburg, where the
enemy appeared on the 23d of May, and was not only repulsed
but routed, leaving most of their dead and wounded to fall into
the hands of our troops, together with three pieces of artillery
and many prisoners. They occupied the place for a short time
after the fight, then fell back to Meadow Bluffs, where they
encamped until the middle of August.
The Forty-fourth took up the line of march on the 15th of
August, toward the Kanawha, halting a week at Camp Ewing,
and then falling back to Camp Tompkins. A force of six
thousand rebels was advancing against the four regiments in the
valley, and on the 9th of September the two regiments on the
right bank — the Forty-fourth and another — were attacked, and
fell back on Gauley, where a stand was made until the teams
could be removed from danger, when the retreat began in ear-
nest. The Forty fourth marched in the rear all day and nearly
all night, covering the retreating column until it reached Camp
Piatt. The national forces fell back upon Charleston, and on
the 13th the rebels made the attack and were firmly met. Su-
perior numbers finally forced the Union lines back, but every
foot of ground was hotly contested. Our forces withdrew across
a deep tributary of the Kanawha, and with a few blows of an
ax severed the hawsers that held the suspension bridge, and it
fell with a crash into the stream. The retreat now continued in
safety to Racine, on the Ohio River, and from that place the
troops were taken by steamer to Point Pleasant. Transportation
was procured, and they were sent forward into Kentucky. They>
156 GREENE COUNTY IN THE WAR.
encamped some time at Covington, watching the movements of
Kirby Smith, and on his retreat they pursued as far as Lexing-
ton, where they were ordered into camp and assigned to the
Second Brigade, Second Division, Army of Kentucky, com-
manded by General Gordon Granger. The regiment was
actively engaged in scouting, taking in its field of operations
Richmond and Danville.
On the 20th of December the regiment returned to Frank-
fort and was mounted, and from that time, until Burnside's
advance into Tennessee, there was but little rest for man or
beast. The men almost lived in the saddle. It was continual
advance and retreat, with almost constant skirmishing. The
regiment partook in the engagement of Dunstan's Hill, charging
the rebels and contributing materially to their rout. The regi-
ment was frequently engaged in chasing John Morgan, though
with not very satisfactory results, as he generally proved the
When General Burnside made his advance into Tennessee
the Forty-fourth was dismounted and accompanied him. It can
claim equality with any other regiment of all that took part in
this expedition. Finally, falling back on Knoxville, and throw-
ing up fortifications, it lay in the wet, chilly ditches day and
night When the rebels retreated the regiment pursued, and on
its return went into camp at Strawberry Plains.
On the 1st of January, 1864, the proposal to re-enlist was
made to the regiment, accompanied by the promise that they
should be armed and mounted as cavalry. Before the 5th — out
•of six hundred men — five hundred and fifty had re-enlisted.
'On the 7th they marched for Camp Nelson, Kentucky, and on
the 21st took cars for Cincinnati, where they arrived the next
day, and were quartered in the Fifth Street Bazaar, erected for
the Sanitary Fair. Here they were obliged to wait until muster-
out and muster in rolls could be made out. This was at last
THE FORTY-FOURTH 157
accomplished, and the men were mustered by the 29th, and
started on a special train for Springfield. Their arrival was
heralded by the booming of cannon, and they were received
with joyous shouts and enthusiastic greetings. In a few days
the men were paid off and furloughed, and when they again
assembled it was under the name of the Eighth Ohio Cavalry, of
which the following is a brief sketch :
On the 28th of March, 1864, the veterans and recruiis of
the Forty-fourth Ohio Infantry were ordered to report at Camp
Dennison, where they went without delay, and were organized
into the Eighth Ohio Cavalry. On the 26th of April six com-
panies — not mounted — were ordered to Charleston, West Vir-
ginia, and on the 8th of May the detachment remaining in camp
was ordered to march to Cincinnati, to be transported thence by
steamer to Charleston. On the 10th they left camp for Cincin-
nati, mounted on horseback, with no rein but a rope, and each
man leading two or three horses. They arrived in the city a
little after noon, in a drenching rain, and by dark were on the
boat on their way up the river. On the second mornmg after
they started they landed at Guyandotte, and again mounting
barebacked rode to Charleston, arriving on the 14th, very much
At Charleston the Eighth was armed with carbines and
drew-saddles, and on the 29th of May marched for Lewisburg,
where they arrived on the 1st of June, and on the 3d started
with Averill on the Lynchburg raid. The regiment was first
assigned to General Duffie's brigade, and afterwards to Colonel
Schoonmaker's Fourteenth Pennsylvania Cavalry. On the 9th
they arrived at Staunton, formed a junction with General Hun-
ter, and on the 13th moved to Buchannon, where they rested
until the 15th. They had frequent skirmishes, doing good serv-
ice, until they arrived at White Sulphur Springs, where they
arrived on the 24th, and from thence moved to Beverly, arriving
158 GREENE COUNTY IN THE WAR.
at noon on the 30th, having marched six hundred miles. On
the 23d of August companies C, H, and K — eighty men in
all — were surprised and captured at Huttonsville. The men
were released, but all their equipments and horses taken by the
rebels. Soon after Company A was captured, and the captain
and some of the men taken to Richmond. About the 1st of
December Colonel Moore joined the regiment. They were at
Winchester, fought at Fisher's Hill, and barely escaped at Cedar
Creek. On the 11th of January the rebels surprised the camp,
killing and wounding twenty-five, and capturing five hundred
and seventy men and eight officers. They were taken to Libby
Prison, but afterwards paroled at Columbus, Ohio, and in August
were mustered out of the service at Camp Dennison.
Tenth Ohio Battery,
This battery was organized at Xenia, Ohio, on the 9th of
January, 1862, and was mustered into service on the 3d of
March. It was ordered to St. Louis, Missouri, and on the 4th
of April moved up the Tennessee River to Pittsburg Landing,
where it arrived on the 9th. On the 13th it received some
twenty men from the Thirteenth Ohio Battery.
With the rest of the army the Tenth moved upon Corinth,
but during the siege it was held in reserve. The Battery re-
mained at Corinth from the 25th of June to the middle of Sep-
tember. It then moved to luka, and remained at that post on
While at luka orders were received to procure forage from
the country. A portion of the men, under command of Lieu-
tenant Grossekoff, while in the performance of this duty, were
160 GREENE COUNTY IN THE WAR.
attacked by Roddy's rebel cavalry, at a point five miles below
luka, and lost, by capture, privates William F. Nixon, Richard
Sparrow, John W. Shoemaker, Abe Hulsizer, and William
Leslie. These men were taken to southern prisons, and after-
On the 1st of October the Battery moved toward Corinth,
and on the 2d it passed through the town and halted for the
night at a fort southwest of it. On the morning of the 3d it was
ordered to take position near the Chewalla Road, where • it
crossed the Memphis Railroad. From this place the Battery
was ordered into position north of Corinth. About eleven
o'clock, on the morning of the 4th, the rebel lines advanced.
The Battery opened with shell, and one piece was disabled after
the first fire, by a shell getting fast half way down. Two shells
were fired by each of the other three pieces, and canister —
doubled — was used to the direct front. The ground was favor-
able for canister practice, and at each fire gaps of twenty, thirty,
and forty feet wide were cut into the advancing columns. The
Battery stopped three columns of rebels. Each piece was pour-
ing out from eighteen to twenty rounds per minute, when the
order was given to retire. The rebels had advanced on the
right, and the Battery was without the support of a single mus-
ket, right or left. The pintle-key of the third piece had to be
tied to its place, and the corporal, while tying it, discovered that
the sponge-bucket was left. He called out, ''Get the bucket.
No. 2 ! " George S. Wright, a boy of eighteen, acting as No. 1,
ran back towards the rebels, picked up the bucket when they
were not more than twenty-five rods from him, and returned
with it to the gun.
As fast as the pieces were limbered they went ofT at a gal-
lop. They were unlimbered east of the town and south of the
Decatur Railroad, but only for a moment, when they were
returned to a point about one hundred yards in rear of the former
TENTH OHIO BATTERY.. 161
position. In a short time the enemy retired. The Battery lost
only three men wounded. A number of horses were also
wounded, including those belonging to Captain White and the
bugler. It pursued the enemy as far as Ripley, and then
returned to Corinth.
In the latter part of October the Battery received forty men
from an Iowa brigade, but about twenty of them were returned.
In November it moved to Grand Junction, and marched with
the army into Mississippi, along the Mississippi Central Railroad.
After the surrender of Holly Springs, the Battery returned
to that point, and formed part of the garrison. It removed from
there to Lafayette, and from Lafayette to Memphis On the
21st of January it moved to Milliken's Bend, and from there ta
Lake Providence. In April it returned to Milliken's Bend, and
moved from there to Grand Gulf.
On May the 14th, while the Tenth was at Grand Gulf,
General Dwight, of General Banks' army, arrived on a gunboat,
on his way to General Grant's head quarters — then near Black
River. There being no cavalry at the post, Captain White was
detailed with thirty men of the Battery to act as an escort to the
general. They left Grand Gulf May 16th, and rode all night.
The battle of Champion Hills being in progress, they were un-
able to reach General Grant's headquarters, and were compelled
to remain on the road in their saddles until two o'clock in the
morning of the 18th, without rations for themselves or forage
for the horses. At six o'clock in the morning, when General
McPherson's head quarters were reached, the men were com-
pletely exhausted, and the horses unfit for further travel.
Later in the day the escort commenced its return to Grand
Gulf, having supplied themselves with horses and mules taken
from citizens. On its march through the woods the escort ran
into a brigade of Pemberton's rebel army, that had been cut off
from the main force. Captain White so maneuvered his men as
162 GREENE COUNTY IN THE WAR.
to make the rebels believe he had a large force of cavalry, and
actually succeeded in capturing thirty-four rebels. On returning
to camp some of the men of the escort were asleep in their
On the 13ih of June the Battery reached Vicksburg, and on
the 18th it was posted in Fort Ransom. On the next day one
of the guns broke its axle, and another its stock, leaving but two
serviceable pieces. On the night of the 19th Quartermaster
McPherson, with the wagon-master and Artificer Cline, procured
another carriage from near the rebel lines, cutting it out, as it
were, under fire of the rebel guns. On the 20th artificers Cline
and Wheeler, while under fire from the enemy's sharp shooters,
repaired the disabled guns.
The Battery remained in the fort until the latter part of
June. It then moved to Big Black, and after the surrender of
Vicksburg it marched to Jackson. As soon as it arrived it was
ordered back to Champion Hills, to guard the communications.
On the 28th of July the Battery entered Vicksburg.
In August — of seventy-two men present — only seventeen
were reported for duty. The men were worn out with sickness
and service. The well men did guard duty, took care of seventy
horses and mules, went for forage and rations, hauled water,
fixed shades, and at night cared for their sick comrades.
The garrison went into winter quarters on the bluffs south
of Vicksburg — one section was sent to Red Bone Church,
twelve miles south of Vicksburg ; the other put on duty at Hall's
During the winter the Battery received about ninety re-
cruits. Thirty two men out of fifty four, who were eligible,
re-enlisted, and on the 8th of April, 1864, the Battery, wiih one
hundred and fifty men for duty, left Vicksburg for Cairo. The
Battery was attacked on its w^ay up the river by a portion of
Forrest's forces, but it used its guns effectually, and drove off
TENTH OHIO BATTERY. 163
the rebels. Fort Pillow was held by the enemy. The Battery
returned to Memphis, and remained on duty there until the latter
part of April, when it moved to Cairo. The veterans proceeded
to Ohio and were furloughed.
The Morgan raid through Kentucky prevented the veterans
from joining their battery until the 23d of June. They were
retained at Louisville, Kentucky. At Cairo the Battery received
a new outfit. On the 9th of May it moved to Paducah, and on
the 13th started up the Tennessee. On the morning of the l-lth
it disembarked at Clifton, and on the 16th began the march to
Acworth, Georgia. The distance was about five hundred miles.
The march occupied twenty-four days, and the route lay through
Pulaski, Huntsville, Decatur, Rome, and Kingston. The
weather was very warm, but the Battery did not lose a man.
At Acworth the Tenth was placed in the Fourth Division
of the Seventeenth Army Corps. On the 10th of June it took
position at the front, and with the exception of the Fourth of
July, was engaged every day for a month, most of the time in
front of Kennesaw Mountain, but most severely at Nickojack
Creek. On the 12th of July it returned to Kennesaw, and after
remaining a few days took position at Marietta, where it formed
a part of the garrison until November.
During Hood's march in October the Battery was ordered
out frequently, but it was engaged only once. About the last
of October the horses and mules were turned over, and the
Battery was ordered to Nashville. About seven recruits were
received from Ohio. On the 2d of November the Battery left
Marietta, and after more than a week's detention at Chattanooga,
it procured transportation, and arrived at Nashville on the 14th.
It was posted at Camp Barry, and about the middle of Novem-
ber the majority of the men in the Battery were sent about thirty
miles up the Cumberland to get timber for winter quarters.
They did not return until the 1st of December.
164 GREENE COUNTY IN THE WAR.
When Hood threatened Nashville the Battery was posted at
Fort Gillen, but it was not called into action. About the last
of December the Battery moved to Camp Barry, and erected
wmter quarters. The men were armed with muskets, and for
two months acted as infantry.
On the 13th of March, 1865, the Fourth and Tenth Ohio
batteries were consolidated, and sixty-four men were thus added
to the Tenth, which retained its name and organization. The
men from the Fourth were mostly Germans. About the 1st of
April the Battery was ordered to East Tennessee, and after
guarding the post of Sweetwater for two weeks, it was ordered,
to Loudon, where it remained iTntil orders to muster out were
The Battery was mustered out at Camp Dennison on the
17th of July, 1865, and paid off and discharged on the 21st.
The names of the officers were as follows :
Captains — H. Berlace White, Francis Seaman, J. R. Grain.
Lieutenants — W. F. Bard well, Ambrose A. Blount, Ed-
ward Groosekoff, W. L. Newcomb, Joseph B Gage, James E
Gilmore, George Kleder, Lanson Zane, James E. Boiuicon,,
Samuel A. Galbreath.
TENTH OHIO BATTERY REUNION.
From Xcnia rorchhght, Octoba- 6, iSSj.
The gallant old Tenth Ohio Battery met in reunion at
Cedarville, Ohio, October 3d and -Ith, to the number of thirty-
two, and had indeed a pleasant time and a happy reunion. In
the evening, October 3d, they partook of a grand supper —
grandly prepared by the good citizens of Cedarville. The Cedar-
ville Brass Band discoursed splendid music. The large hall —
TENTH OHIO BATTERY. 165
Mitchell's — was literally packed. After supper the exercises
were as follows :
1. Welcome address, by Professor Van Fossen.
2. Response, by Comrade Greene.
3. Letters were read from absent members by Lieutenant
J. B. Gage ; also a history of the Battery's part in the battle of
4. Resolutions and reading "Sheridan's Ride," and " A
District School," by Comrade Greene.
5. A short address by Comrade Ramsey. Mr. L S.
Owens, of the Seventy-fourth, was introduced, and was proceed-
ing to make some remarks, when it was announced that Marshal
Harris had been shot on the street, which produced so much
excitement that further proceedings were dispensed with, and
the assembly adjourn e'd.
A meeting was held in Firemen Hall, at 9:00 a. m., October
4th, when other business was transacted and other letters were
read by Lieutenant J. B. Gage. Officers were then elected for
the ensuing year, namely, all the former officers, with the addi-
tion of Billy Williams as recording secretary. The membeis
then repaired to the street, where a picture of the Battery was
taken by Artist Biddle, of Xenia. At one o'clock the meeting
re assembled, and transacted other business. A resolution wr,s
passed fixing the time for next meeting the first Wednesday in
October, at West Liberty, Ohio. The meeting then adjourned.
By request of members the roll was called, after which the
letters were read by Lieutenant J. B. Gage, one from Lieutenant
Mong, after which a resolution, by Lieutenant Gage, as fol-
That the members of the Tenth Ohio Battery, assembled at its second
reunion, held at Cedarville, Ohio, October 3 and 4, 1883, regret that
Lieutenant W. J. Mong could not be present at the reunion, and thank
him for his letter and for the copy of the company's receipt for clothing
166, GREENE COUNTY IN THE WAR.
forwarded by him, and extend to him a special invitation to be present at
the next reunion.
Resolved^ That a copy of this resolution be forwarded to Lieutenant
W. J. Mong, at Minerva, Stark County, Ohio.
. At a meeting of the Tenth Ohio Battery, held at Cedarville^
Ohio, October 3 and 4, 1883, the following preamble and resolu-
tions were adopted :
\yHEREAS, The citizens of Cedarville — and especiajly the ladies-
thereof — have given to the members of the Tenth Ohio. Battery, at its
second reunion, held at Cedarville, Ohio, October 3 and 4, 1883, cordial
and friendly greeting; therefore, be it •
Resolved, That we extend to them our heart-felt thanks, and to Miss
Blake and Miss Hudson we are especially under obligations for the but-
ton-hole bouquets, and also the pleasure of having them pinned on by
such lovely young ladies.
Whereas, Death has taken from our ranks Samuel A. Barr, John
W, Shoemaker, Thomas Fryer, Fred Maurer, and James- Worthington,
friends and comrades of the war ; be it
Resolved, That we grieve in the death of these comrades, and extend
to the families of the deceased our sincere sympathy in their loss.
That a copy of this resolution be forwarded to the families of each
of the members who have passed to rest, and that it be published in the
Cedarville Herald and Xetiia Torchlight.
Lieutenant J. B. Gage, Brooklyn, New York; William A.
Byrd, Alconey, Miami County, Ohio ; Reese Underwood, West
Liberty, Ohio; J. B. Grain, Jamestown, Ohio; John W. Ran-
dall, Guard, O. P.; Nathan Wike, Springfield, Ohio; George L.
Johnston, La Fontaine, Indiana; Dinsmore Randall, Springfield,
Ohio; Samuel J. Knott, Springfield, Ohio; Walter A. Keithj,
TENTH OHIO BATTERY.
West Liberty, Ohio; AVilliam Myers, Springfield, Ohio; Jacob
M. Beemer, Cedarville, Ohio ; P. G. Clevell, Dayton, Ohio ;
William H. Ehvell, Springfield, Ohio; Samuel Galbreath, Ced^ir-
ville, Ohio; G. N. Randall, Cedarville, Ohio; P>ank Dillmore^
Soldiers' Home, Dayton, Ohio ; Edward Spencer, Cedarville,
Ohio; G. N. Shrods, Cedarville, Ohio; L. N. Luce, Mt. Etna,
Huntington County, Lidiana; C. N. Ramsey, Washington C.
H., Ohio; Pellegro Leuchesey, Madison County, Ohio; John
A. Mitchell, Cedarville, Ohio; James Judy, Bloomington, Fay-
ette County, Ohio; George S. Wright, Mad River P. O., Clark
County, Ohio; Joseph W. Randall, Cedarville, Ohio; O. V.
Flora, Madison, Indiana; William K. Byrd, Xenia, Ohio; Jo-
seph Cline, Cedarville, Ohio.
Others were present who did not register their names.
One Hundred and Fifty-Fourth 0. V. I.
The One Hundred and Fifty-fourth Regiment, Ohio Volun-
teer Infantry, National Guards, was formed by consolidating the
twenty-sixth and sixtieth battalions of Ohio National Guards.
It was organized at Camp Dennison, and was mustered into the
service on the 9th of May, 1864, with an aggregate of eight
hundred and forty two men. Colonel, Robert Stevenson, As-
sistant Surgeon, Leigh McClung, Quartermaster, A. L. Trader.
Several of the line officers, non-commissioned officers, and many
of the privates had seen service in other organizations.
On the 12th of May the regiment proceeded, via Columbus
and Bellaire, to New Creek, West Virginia, arriving on the
evening of the 14th. The next day — in one of the most violent
storms of the season — it laid out its camp and pitched its tents.
On the 22d Company F was ordered to .Piedmont, West Vir-
ginia, where it remained until the regiment started for Ohio for
The One Hundred and Fifty-fourth performed guard, picket,
and escort duty until the 29th of May, when one company
moved to Youghiogheny Bridge, and the remaining eight com-
panies to Greenland Gap. Scouting parties were out almost
constantly, and on the 4th of June a detachment of the regiment
had a skirmish with McNeil's battalion, near Moorfield, in which
the rebels were defeated.
About the 12th of June three hundred men from the One
Hundred and Fifty- fourth, with a cavalry force, were engaged in
a ten-day's scout. Skirmishing was frequent, but the enemy
THE ONE HUNDRED AND FIFTY-FOURTH. 109
kept SO securely in the mountains that only three rebels were
captured in the ten days. On the 23d another scout — of one
hundred men and a small force of cavalry — '.vas ordered out,
with three days' rations, but no enemy was discovered.
On the Fourth of July the regiment fell back to New Creek,
expecting an attack, but the enemy having retired it returned
again to Greenland Gap, arriving on the 7th. Company H —
until this time at Oakland — joined the regiment at New Creek,
and returned with it to the Gap. On the 25th the regiment
again fell back to New Creek, and Greenland Gap ceased to be
held as a military post.
On the 4th of August the rebels, under McCausland and
Bradley Johnson, attacked the force at New Creek, but at night
they were compelled to withdraw, leaving their killed and
wounded on the field.
On the 10th of August a detachment of the One Hundred
and Fifty-fourth proceeded to Camp Chase, in charge of prison-
ers, and remained there until the regiment returned to the state.
On the evening of the 22d the regiment started for Ohio, arriv-
ing at Camp Chase on the 27th, where it was mustered out of
the service on the 1st of September, 1864.
Fifiy-Foui-th 0. V. I.
Recruiting for this regiment began in the latter part of the
summer of 1861, the place of rendezvous being Camp Dennison,
where the regiment was organized and drilled during the fall and
winter of 1861. The men composing this command were from
the counties of Allen, Auglaize, Butler, Cuyahoga, Fayette,
Greene, Hamilton, Logan, and Preble,
On the 17th of February, 1862, the regiment went into the
field with an aggregate of eight hundred and fifty men. The
Fifty-fourth reached Paducah, Kentucky, February 20, 1862,,
and was assigned to a brigade commanded by General Sherman.
On the 6th of March the command ascended the Tennessee
River, disembarked at Pittsburg Landing, and camped near
Shiloh Church. On the 6th of April the regiment engaged in
the battle of Pittsburg Landing, its position being on the extreme
left of the army ; but on the second day it was assigned a new
position, near the center of the line. In the two days' fighting
the regiment lost one hundred and ninety-eight men killed,
wounded, and missing. On the 29Lh of April the regiment
moved upon Corinth, skirmishing severely at Russell House,
May 17th, and engaging in the movement upon the works at
Corinth, May 31st.
On the morning of the evacuation the Fifty-fourth was
among the first organized bodies of troops to enter the town.
The regimental colors were unfurled from a public building, and
the regiment was designated to perform provost duty — the com-
manding officer of the regiment being appointed commandant of
THE ITKTV FOURTH. 171
the post of Corinth. The regiment moved with the a.Ymy to
La Grange, Tennessee, and from there to Holly Springs, Missis-
sippi, and then returned to Corinth. Soon after it again marched
to Holly Springs ; from there to Moscow, Tennessee, and thence
to Memphis, where it arrived July 21, 1862.
During the summer the regiment was engaged in several
short expeditions, and on the 26th of November it moved with
the army toward Jackson, Mississippi, by way of Holly Springs.
The regiment soon returned to Memphis, and with a portion of
the army under General Slierman moved down the Mississippi,
and went into position before the enemy's lines at Chickasaw
Bayou. It was engaged in the assault on the rebel works De-
cember 28th and 29th, with a loss of twenty men killed and
wounded. On the 1st of January, 1863, the regiment withdrew,
ascended the Mississippi and Arkansas rivers, and engaged in
the assault and cai)ture of Arkansas Post. The Fifty-fourth
again descended the Mississippi River, and disembarked at
Young's Point, Louisiana. Here it was employed in digging a
canal, and in other demonstrations connected with the Vicks-
burg campaign, which resulted in the rescue of the fleet of gun-
boats which was about to be abandoned and destroyed.
On the 6th of May the regiment began its march to the rear
of Vicksburg, by way of Grand Gulf, and was engaged in the
battles of Champion Hills and Black Ridge. It was engaged in
a general assault on the enemy's works in the rear of Vicksburg,
on the 19th and 22d of June, losing in the engagements forty-
seven killed and wounded. It was continually in skirmishing
and fatigue duty during the siege of Vicksburg, except for six
days, which were consumed in a march of observation toward
After the fall of Vicksburg the P'ifty-lourth moved with the
army upon Jackson, Mississippi, and was constantly engaged in
skirmishing from the 9th to the Idtth of July. After the capture
172 GREENE COUNTY IN THE WAR.
•of Jackson the regiment returned to Vicksburg, and remained
until October, 1863, when, forming a part of the Fifteenth Army
Corps, it ascended the Mississippi River to Memphis, and from
•there proceeded to Chattanooga. It was engaged in the battle
-of Missionary Ridge, November 26th, and the next day marched
to the relief of the garrison at Knoxville, Tennessee. It pursued
the enemy's wagon-train from Knoxville through the south-east-
ern portion of Tennessee, and a short distance into North Caro-
lina, and then returned to Chattanooga, and moved thence to
Larkinsville, Alabama, where it went into winter quarters, Jan-
uary 12, 1864.
The regiment was mustered into the service as a veteran
organization on the 22d of January, and at once started to Ohio
on furlough. It returned to camp in April, with an addition of
two hundred recruits, and entered on the Atlanta campaign, on
the 1st of May, It participated in a general engagement at
Resaca and Dallas, and in a severe skirmish at New Hope
Church, June 6th and 7tli. It was in the general assault upon
Kennesaw Mountain, June 27th, losing twenty-eight killed and
wounded ; was engaged in a severe skirmish at Nickojack Creek,
July 3d, losing thirteen killed and wounded, and was in a battle
on the east side of Atlanta, July 21st and 22d, sustaining a los5
of ninety four killed, wounded, and missing The Fifty- fourth
ilost eight men killed and wounded at Ezra Chapel, on the 28th
of July, and from the 29th of July to the 27th of August it was
almost continually engaged in skirmishing before the works of
Atlanta. It was in a heavy skirmish at Jonesboro, August 30th,
and in a general action at the same place the two days imme-
After resting a few weeks in camp near Atlanta, the regi-
ment started in pursuit of Hood, and followed him within sixty
miles of Chattanooga, and from there to Gadsden, Alabama,
when it returned to Atlanta, and prepared for the march to
THE FIFTY- FOURTH.. 173
Savannah. The Fifty fourth started on that wonderful march on
the 15th of November, and on the 15th of December was en-
gaged in the assault and capture of P'ort McAllister, near Savan-
nah. The regiment assisted in the destruction of the Gulf
Railroad, toward the Altamaha River, and on the 7th of January,
1865, marched into Savannah.
After a rest of several weeks it moved with the army on the
march through the Carolinas, skirmishing at the cro-^sing of the
South Edistaand North Edisto rivers, on the 10th and 12th of
February, respectively. It was closely engaged in the vicinity of
Columbia, and participated in its last battle at Bentonsville,
North Carolina, March 21, 18(35. The regiment marched to
Richmond, Virginia, and from there to Washington City, where
it took part in the grand review of the Western Army. On the
2d of June it was transported by railroad and steamboat to
Louisville, Kentucky, and after remaining two weeks there it
proceeded to Little Rock, Arkansas, and there performed gar-
rison duty until August 15, 1865, when it was mustered out.
The regiment returned to Camp Dennison, Ohio, where it
received final pay, and was disbanded on the 24th of August,
1865. The aggregate strength of the regiment at muster-out was
two hundred and fifty five — twenty four officers, and two hun-
dred and thirty-one men. It marched during its term of service
a distance of three thousand six hundred and eighty-two miles,
participated in four sieges, ninety-seven skirmishes, fifteen gen-
eral engagements, and sustained a loss of five hundred and six
men killed, wotrnded, and missing.
Seventeenth 0. V. I,
Dr. John Turnbull, of Bellbrook, Ohio, deserves a notice
in this work. He enlisted as private in Company A, Seventeenth
Regiment, O. V. I., April, 1861 ; served four months in said
regiment, and afterward as acting assistant surgeon of the Sixty-
fifth Regiment, O. V. I., nearly one year; and lastly as assistant
surgeon of the One Hundred and Fifth Regiment, O. V. I.
Thiity-Fouith 0. V. I.
This regiment was organized at Camp Lucas, Clermont
County — Company F being largely composed of men from
Greene County, therefore I give it a place in this work — during
the months of July and August, 1861, the first detachment enter-
ing camp July 15th, and the first regular companies, under
captains 'Broadwell and Evans, July 21st.
On the morning of September 1st it moved to Camp Denni-
son, and was there prepared for the field, adopting as its uni-
form — a license allowable at the early period of the war — a
light-blue Zouave dress. In compliment to their colonel the
name of " Piatt Zouaves" was adopted.
The regiment left Camp Dennison on the 15th of Septem-
ber, 1861, for western Virginia, with full ranks, and arrived at
Camp Enyart, on the Kanawha River, on the 20th of the same
month. On the 25th it fought its first battle, in a gap near
Chapmanville, Logan County, Virginia, whipping a Virginia
regiment, inflicting considerable loss to the rebels in men, and
b.idly wounding their commander, Colonel Davis. The loss of
the Thirty fourth was one killed and eight wounded. During
the remainder of the autumn the regiment was engaged in the
arduous duty oi gu.irding the rear of General Rosencranz' army,
and the counties of Cabell, Putnam, Mason, Wayne, and Logan
were kept pretty free from guerrillas, by continual scouting.
In March, 1862, the Thirty fourth was ordered to Gauley
Bridge, to join General Cox in his demonstration on the Virginia
and Tennessee R.iihoad. The regiment participated in the battle
176 GREENE COUNTY IN THE WAR.
of Princeton, on the 17th and 18th of May, losing several men.
Lieutenant Peck and Peters were wounded, and Captain O. P.
Evans taken prisoner. Humphrey Marshall commanded the
When General Cox was ordered to join General McClellany.
in August, 1862, there were six regiments left to guard the
Kanawha Valley. The Thirty- fourth and Thirty seventh held
the outposts at Fayetteville, where, on the morning of September
10th, they were attacked by a rebel force under General Loring,
ten thousand strong. With the aid of breastworks, previously
constructed by General Scammon, two two-pound brass field-
pieces, and four six-pound mountain howitzers, the position was-
held until midnight, when the place was evacuated. Part of
the time the Thirty-fourth was in the open field, and repeatedly
charged on the enemy. Its loss was necessarily heavy. Of six:
companies engaged — the other four, under Major Franklin,
being on a scout — the loss was one hundred and thirty, or
fully one third. One half of the officers were either killed or
wounded. Cutting their way out under a heavy fire, the national
troops fell back towards the Kanawha River, made a stand at
Cotton Mountain the next day, and Charleston on the 12th,
where a severe engagement took place. From this point the
entire Federal force fell back to Point Pleasant, leaving the
entire valley in the hands of rebels. In October General Cox
returned with his command, when another advance was made,
and the valley regained. From this time, until May, 1863,
notKing of moment occurred to vary the monotony of garrison
duty. During May the regiment was furnished with horses, and
transformed into mounted rifles.
On' the 13th of July, 1863, an expedition, consisting of the
Thirty-fourth, two companies of the First, and seven companies
of the Second Virginia Cavalry, under command of Colonel
Toland, made a demonstration on the Virginia and Tennessee
THE THIRTY FOURTH. 177
Railroad, striking it on the evening of the 18th, at Wytheville.
A desperate fight ensued, the enemy occupying the house, barns,
yards, etc., on a sh'ght elevation to the rear of the town. About
dark the national forces succeeded in capturing the enemy's
artillery, and driving him in all directions. Captain Delaney,
commanding First Virginia, was killed, and Colonel Powell,
Second A'irginia, badly wounded. The Thirty-fourth Ohio lost
four killed — including Colonel Toland — thirteen wounded, and
thirty three missing. Colonel Toland was shot from a window
of a house in his immediate vicinity, while seated on his horse,
engaged in giving orders, surrounded by a few of his staff. The
ball passed through his left breast. The colonel did not fall from
his horse, but caught the mane with his right hand, when his
orderly, who was about fifty yards distant from him, ran and
caught him before he had time to reach the ground. With his
last breath he requested that his horse and sword be sent to his
The brigade left Camp Piatt with nearly one thousand men ;
marched six hundred and fifty two miles in eleven days, travers-
ing some of the highest mountains in West Virginia, capturing
over two hundred and fifty horses, and three hundred and sixty-
prisoners, two pieces of artillery, and a large amount of com-
mission stores ; destroyed between three and five thousand stand
of arms, a bridge of importance, and partially burned one of
the wealthiest cities in A^irginia Upon the fall of Colonel
Toland, the command devolved upon Lieutenant Colonel Frank-
lin, who decided on a retrograde movement. This he found it
difficult to execute, from the fact that the rebel General Mc-
Causland had blockaded the roads in the most effectual manner.
For several days the command was moving in the mountains,
destitute of food for themselves or fodder for their horses, and
continually harrassed by rebel cavalry. On the day previous to
the arrival of th_^ regiment at Wytheville, Company C, acting as
178 GREENE COUNTY IN THE WAR.
rear guard, was attacked by a superior force of rebel cavalry.
A number were killed and wounded, and Captain Cutler and
fifteen men were tal- en prisoners. Several expeditions, under
General Duffie — who had assumed command of the Kanawha
Cavalry — to Lewisburg and vicinity, completed this year's cam-
In January, 18(U, about two thirds of the regiment re-
enlisted as veterans. On the 29lh of April, 1864, the regiment
was divided into two detachments. The mounted portion was
to operate with the cavalry, under General Averill ; the dis-
nijunted with the Thirty-sixth Ohio Volunteer Infantry, in Gen-
eral Crook's division of infantry. On the 1st of May, 1864, the
second expedition, for the destruction of the Virginia and Ten-
nessee Railroad, left Charleston. On the 9th the cavalry arrived
at Wytheville, encountered the rebels under General Morgan,
were repulsed, and were compelled to fall back with considerable
loss. The infantry under General Crook were more successful.
On the same day that Averill was defeated Crook achieved a
solid victory over General Jenkins, at Cloyd Mountain, near
Dublin Depot, which was captured the same evening.
On the day following the enemy was again encountered and
defeated at the railroad bridge, over New River, and the bridge
totally destroyed. From this point the command returned to
Meadow Bluffs, crossing Salt Pond, and Peters Mountains, and
the Greenbrier River, arriving at their destination on the 19th of
May, completing a distance of four hundred miles marched
during the month. From Meadow Bluffs the Thirty-fourth
started to join General Hunter, at Staunton, in the Shenandoah
Valley, passing through White Sulphur Springs, Callahan's
Stand, and crossing Panther Gap Mountain, where a skirmish
On the 5th of June the regiment reached Goshen, on the
Virginia Central Railroad, and skirmished with a body of cav-
THE THIRTY-FOURTH. 179
airy at Cow Pasture River. The day after the rebels were met
at Buffalo Gap, in a position secure from attack, but General
Hayes' brigade succeeded in flanking and driving them out of it.
Staunton was reached on the 8th of June, where the Thirty-
fourth made its final preparations to join General Hunter on his
disastrous raid to Lynchburg. General Hunter, now re- enforced
by Generals Crook, Averill, and Duffie, left Staunton on the
9th, and passing through Brownsburg reached Lexington on tlie
11th. The evening of the 14th found the regiment at Buckhan-
non, on the James River, at which point a few shots were
exchanged w:th a small rebel force that had been driven C)Ut of
Lexington. Crossing the Blue Ridge, near the Peaks of Otter,
the town of Liberty was reached on the 16th, when another
skirmish occurred. From this point General Crook's command,
vv'ith the dismounted members of the Thirty-fourth, were sent on
a flanking expedition across the James, for the purpose of attack
ing Lynchburg in the rear, the cavalry on the left to make a
diversion in their favor. The attack was made late in the after-
noon of the 18th of June, was partly successful, and in the
opinion of the Thirty-fourth, would have been entirely so had
General Crook been allowed ta occupy the city that night,
according to his wish, but orders from his superior officers for-
bade it. The enemy were re-enlorced that night by about twenty
thousand men, from the vicinity of Richmond, under the com-
mand of General Early, which, of course, so strengthened the
city that it was impossible, with the small and illy-appointed
force under General Hunter, to cope with the rebels The
situation was fully developed early the next morning, by a fierce
cannonade from the rebels, which was promptly replied to by
the national forces. In the afternoon an engagement occurred
in which the Thirty-fourth severely suffered. The retreat of the
national forces commenced at dark, on the 19th of June. The
rear, heavily pressed by the pursuing enemy, the second skirmish
180 GREENE COUNTY IN THE WAR.
occurred at Liberty. At Salem, on the 21st, while the artillery-
of Hunter's command was passing through a narrow defile,
totally unsupported, a party of rebels made a sudden descent
from the hills, and dispersing the drivers and gunners, com-
menced the work of destruction by shooting horses, cutting,
spokes and harness, and blowing up caissons. The mounted
portion «of the Thirty-fourth being a few miles in the rear, hurried
to the scene of action, dismounted, and with Lieutenant Colonel
Shaw as tiieir leader, encountered the rebels. Alter a sharp
fight the rebels were driven off, and the artillery regained. The
retreat was continued. Big and Little Sewell mountains were
crossed, and Charleston reached on the 1st of July, where the
exhausted, ragged, and starved troops were permitted to rest.
Thus ended this most disastrous expedition. 11ie constant skir-
mishing, the starved bodies, and blistered feet of those who par-
ticipated in it, made " Hunter's, retreat from Lynchburg ' an
event long to be remembered.
The Thirty-fourth lay at Charleston on the 10th of Ju'y,
when it embarked on transports for Parkersburg. A day or tu-o
previous to this move the whole regiment was dismounted, and
horses and equipments turned over to the cavalry. From
Parkersburg the regiment moved by rail to Martinsburg, arriving
there on the 14th of July, 1864. The regiment was now in the
Shenandoah Valley. On the 20th of July, while General Crook,
with his main force and the Sixth and Nineteenth corps were
pressing Early back on Winchester, General Duval's brigade, of
which the Thirty-fourth was a part, attempted to occupy the
place in advance of the rebels, by a forced march from Martins-
burg. Early, anticipating the movement, had sent forward his
old division, under General Ramseur, to check it. The national
force, only twelve hundred strong, met and attacked the rebels
two miles from Winchester, completely routing them, caj)turing
their artillery, and killing and wounding all their brigade com-
'I'H K TH I RTV-FOU RTH .
manders The loss of the Thirty fourth was ten killed and
Four days later occurred the fourth battle of Winchester, in
which General Early, taking advantage of the absence of the
Sixth and Nineteenth corps, overwhelmed General Crook — the
latter^ however, effecting an orderly retreat with the loss of only
a few wagons. In this battle General Duval's brigade had the
honor of bringing u[) the rear, and the Thirty fourth suffered
severely, losing their commander, Lieutenant Colonel Shaw, a
cool, determined soldier and Christian. He was struck in the
abdomen by a musket-ball, and was borne from the field by a
few faithful men of his regiment, placed in an ambulance, and
■carried eleven miles distant, to a place called Ikmker Hill, where
he died. His last words were, "Welcome, welcome death!"
Captain G. W. McKay was wounded, about the 'same tmie, in
the leg, and would have fallen into the hands of the enemy, but
for the heroic devotions' of some of his men, who carried him on
a litter, fifteen miles, to Sandy Hook, Maryland, where he died.
The command of the regiment devolved upon Captain S. R. S.
West, who fully sustained his reputation as a brave and gallant
The next day, July 25th. another stand was made at Mar-
tinsburg, the 'Jliirty-fc^urth being the last regiment to leave the
field, which it did under a galling fire. The time of the regi-
ment, between the 25th of July and the 3d of September, was
occupied as follows: July 26th, forded the Potomac at Wil-
liamsport; 27th, marched to Sandy Hook, Maryland, opposite
Harper's Ferry ; 28th, crossed the Potomac at Halltown ; 30th,
a-e-crcssed to Sandy Hook ; 31st, marched through Middletown,
towards Pennsylvania state line. August 1st, continued the
Q-narch to Wolfville, Maryland; 3d, returned by same road to
Frederick City, Maryland, and encamped on the Monocacy;
182 GREENE COUNTY IN THE WAR.
6th, returned to Harper's Ferry ; 8ih, re-crossed the Potomac,,
and moved in the direction of Halltown; 10th, reached Berry-
ville, Virginia; 11th, marched in line of battle in the direction
of Port Royal — heavy skirmishing with Early, who was falling
back on Fishers Hill; 12th, reached Cedar Creek, found the
enemy had burned the bridge, and was intrenched on the south
bank of the stream. The Thirty fourth lay here until the even
ing of the 17th, skirmishing heavily in the meantime. It then
fell back, marching all night, passing through Winchester, and
camping at Berryville early next morning.
The 20th of August found the Thiny-fourth at Charlestown,
with the enemy close in its rear. In the expectation of an at-
tack breastworks were thrown up, but after waiting in vain until
ten o'clock at night, the regiment fell back to Halltown. The
enemy still Allowed, and taking a position in the immediate front
of the regiment, heavy skirmishing ensued until the 27th, when
they withdrew, to demonstrate on the upper Potomac.
On the day following the Thirty fourth again occupied
Charlestown, where the regimental officers were busily engaged
making up the necessary papers for discharge of the non-veter-
ans, who, on the morning of the 3d of September, proceeded to
Columbus, Ohio, in charge of Captain West During the few
months previous to this time the Thirty fourth had been largely
re-enforced by new recruits. Counting the veterans and the men
of ,1862 It still numbered between four and five hundred, present
and absent. On the evening of the day on which the non-
veterans left, the regiment participated in the battle of Berry-
ville ; the non-veterans were near enough to hear the booming of
cannon. The enemy fell back to Winchester and Bunker Hill.
The Thirty-fourth marched to Summit Point, and lay in camp
until the morning of the 19th of September, the day on which
occurred Sheridan's famous battle of Winchester, it being the
THE THIRTY FOURTH. 183
third time the regiment had fought over nearly the same ground.
It suffered terribly that day, the color guard having no less than
six men, in quick succession, killed and wounded, while carry-
ing the flag. It was finally brought through safe by George
Rynals, of Company A. All know the result of that glorious
battle, and remember Sheridan's celebrated dispatch, commenc-
ing, "I am moving up the valley to-night." In accordance
with this announcement, the next evening found the regiment at
Cedar Creek, where it lay until the 22d, when occurred the bat-
tle of Fishers Hill. Here, again, by the excellent management
of General George Crook, the enemy was successfully flanked,
which resulted in his total rout and the capture of all his artillery.
The loss of the Thirty-fourth, in the last two engagements, was
sixty one killed.
The national forces followed the retreating and demoralized
enemy to Harrisonburg, where they lay until the 6th of October.
In the meantime the cavalry were busily engaged in burning
barns filled with grain, driving in stock of all kinds, and other-
wise rendering the valley untenable as a base of supplies — liter-
ally fulfilling Grant's order to Sheridan, to render it so desolate
and provisionless that a "crow, in passing over it, would be
compelled to carry his rations with him."
By the 6th, the work of devastation was completed, and
the national army again fell back to Cedar Creek, while the
enemy, following at a respectful distance, once more resumed
his old position at Fishers Hill. Of General Early's desperate
attempt to regain his lost laurels on the 19ih of October, and of
his partial success on the morning of "Sheridan's ride " to the
scene of action, and the irretrievable disaster of the rebels in
the afternoon, much has been said and sung The brunt of the
morning's surprise and attack fell on the left flank, composed of
General Crook's corps, which, with the Nineteenth Corps, occu-
184 GREENE COUNTY IN THE WAR.
pying the center of the Hne, was badly shattered. The Sixth
Corps, on the right, had time to fall I^ack in good order. The
troops were rallied near Middletown, from whence the final
advance was made which swept ever\thing before it. It is
sufficient to say that the day was won.
The evening before the battle the regiment, under command
of Lieutenant Colonel L. Furney, was sent on picket. In the
morning, before dawn, when the surprise occurred, the colonel
and eighteen of his men were taken prisoners. The colonel
escaped at Mount Jackson, and joined his command a few days
afterward. The loss of the Thirty-fourth in this affair was two
killed, twelve wounded, and eighteen prisoners. From this
time until the latter part of December, 1864, the regiment lay in
the neighborhood of Kernstown, when it marched to Opequan
Crossing, and from thence to Martinsburg.
On the evening of the 22d of December, as the regiment
was leaving Martinsburg, on its way to Webster, by rail, the
train on which it was being tran.vported came in collision with
one loaded with coal, kilHng two men and wounding fourteen.
It reached Webster on the 25th, and Beverly on the 28th.
On the 11th of January, 1865, the post of Beverly, garri-
soned by the Thirty-fourth — which by this time was reduced to
three hundred men present for duty — and the dismounted por-
tion of the Eighth Ohio Cavalry, was attacked by the enemy,
under the command of General Rosser. So secret and sudden
was the attack — no alarm whatever being given until the enemy
were in the quarters — that resistance was out of the question,
and nearly every man was at one time a prisoner, though sub-
sequently a great many escaped, favored by the darkness and
intense excitement of the occasion. Colonel Youart, of the
Eighth, commanding the post, and Colonel Furney, were both
captured, but afterward escaped. The survivors of this unfortu-
THE IHIRTV FOURTH.
nate and disgraceful affair fell back to Phillippi, and from thence
were ordered to Cumberland, Maryland, where they were con-
solidated witli the Thirty sixth Ohio — General Crook's old
regiment — commanded by Colonel H. F. Duval.
The union of the separate organizations dates from the 22d
of February, 1865, in which the old Thirty-fourth loses its iden-
tity, the coalition being known as the Thirty-si.xth Ohio Veteran
One Hundred and Eighty-Fourth O.V. I.
This was one of the regiments raised under the last call
of President Lincoln, to serve for one year. As there were
Greene County soldiers in it, I give it a place.
It was organized on the 21st of February, 1865, at Camp
Chase, and immediately after muster it received orders to move
for Nashville without delay. It remained there a short time^
doing garrison duty. From Nashville it proceeded to Chatta-
nooga ; thence to Bridgeport, Alabama, which point it reached
about the 21st of March, and was engaged in protecting an
important railroad bridge over the Tennessee River. It also
guarded the track of the railroad between Bridgeport and Chat-
tanooga, a distance of about thirty miles. In the performance
of this duty, detachments of the regiment stationed in the block-
houses and forts along the road had frequent encounters with
rebel guerrillas and squads of rebel cavalry, A number of
prisoners were taken, at the expense oi some few casualties.
On the 25th of July the One Hundred and Eighty-fourth
was ordered to Edgefield, for garrison duty, and remained at
that place until it was mustered out of service on the 20th of
September. It at once proceeded, under orders, to Camp
Chase, Ohio, and on the 27th of September, 1865, the men
were paid and discharged.
The One Hundred and Eighty-fourth, like the majority of
the one-year's regiments, was composed of excellent material —
ONE HUNDRED AND EIGHTY FOURTH. 187
the most of the men having seen service. Although the regi-
ment did not participate in any general engagement, yet it is
fair to presume that had they been called on to fight, they would
have acquitted themselves with bravery and distinction.
GREENE COUNTY IN THE WAR.
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:/: X X -X X
Captain Robert Hunter, First Lieut. John X. Haynes.
Geniah F. St. John,
George H. CuJlumber,
William L. Ford,
Isaac N. Pickering,
Patrick H. Sudduth,
Hezekiah F. Evans,
Isaac N. Quinn,
Corporal Walter S. Schull,
Samuel H. Brouse,
James A. Smith,
John H. Haughey,
Henry H. Todd,
Benjamin F. Shickley,
First Lieut. Clinton W. Strong,
Corporal Joseph R. Carper,
Corporal Isaac J. Smith,
W. H. Griffith,
Joseph H. Crow,
GREENE COUNTY IN THE WAR.
Corporal George Hutson,
Wiatt H. Jones,
Charles M. Wilson.
David T. Ford,
Lemuel H. Sires,
Robert M. Atkinson,
T. C. Chalmers,
Sergeant Felix P. Iman,
Corporal Thomas Moon,
John W, James,
John M. Syphers,
Silas B. Shaner,
Joseph M. Baker,
Charles X. Smith,
William J. Loy,
Captain Thomas C. Bell,
Captain William McGinniss,
Captain John M. McMillan,
Daniel J. Browder,
Philip A. Iman,
George W. Harness,
Wil iam Dedrick,
David A. Johnson,
J. C. Reeder,
Barkly T. Baily,
John L. Woods,
E. L. Rife,
First Lieut. Thomas H. Adams,
Daniel D. Buckles,
James A. Powers,
Joseph C. Wilkerson,
DISCHARGED BY EXPIRATION OF SERVICE.
George W. Boop,
Harvey A. Miller,
Robert X. Miller,
William H. Hopping,
Martin V. Lucas,
Henry H. Long,
Samuel H. Zartman,
William H. Ford,
Jerry B. Shickley,
John L. Glotfelter,
David B. Tiffany,
William R. Baker.
Frank M. Bayless,
Samuel T. Baker,
Thomas D. Bone,
John M. Crambles,
Philip M. Fudge,
William P. Fulton,
Anderson J. Gulhire,
First Sergeant Jos, H. Ballard,
Sergeant Raper A. Sharp,
Sergeant Thomas C. Hook,
Sergeant James W. Zartman,
Sergeant Asa Mahin,
•Sergeant John A. Quinn,
Sergeant James R. Hayslett,
David A. Guthrie,
William P. Green,
Benjamin F. Gilbert.
James R. Milner,
John W. Smith,
Elijah C. W^ard,
Wilson St. John.
GREENE COUNTY IN THE WAR,
COlVIP'^^LlSi Y B
Captain Stephen A. Basford,
First Lieut. Frank I. Tedford.
Second Lieut Richard H. King,
William L. Taylor,
Perry A. Weaver,
John S. Watts,
Daniel H. Gist,
James B. Iliff,
David M. Reeves,
Enoch P. Arnett,
Joshua E. Arnett,
Charles F. Bull,
Alfred O. K. Bennett,
William L. Bone,
James A. Bone,
William R. Baker,
James A. Blessing,
John H. Bolan,
James L. Bottsford,
Daniel IL Gist,
George H. Hoft'man,
David B. Cline,
John M. Clark,
Horace B. Larkin,
Ira S. Owens,
William A. Powers,
William H. Pratt,
David M. Reeves,
William S. Reeves,
James B. Iliff,
Richard H. Kinj;;,
William A. Smith,
John A. Sciss,
• James M. Smith,
Vinton C. Smith,
William L. Taylor,
John S. Watts,
Perry A. Weaver,
John F. Walton,
•Captain John Q. Hutchison, First Lieut. \Vm. C. Galloway.
John W. Hedges,
Edward H. Wright.
GREENE COUNTY IN THE WAR.
William L. Wright,
Ira S. Owens,
James H. Johnston,
Merritt R. Owens,
Musician — William Keinborts.
John J. Allison,
George T. Copeland,
George W. Dutfteld,
Matthew H. Hutchison,
Simeon H. Mullen,
John A. Seldomridge,
John L. Thorn,
First Serg't Edward S. Barnett,
Corporal Robert Gossard,
Isaac N. Laughhead,
John A. Brown,
Ewell P. Drake,
John W. Devoe,
THE SEVENTY FOURTH.
Captain Samuel T. Owens,
Captain William F. Armstrong^,
Second Lieut. Robt. Stevenson,
Second Lieut. John L Barrows,
Second Lieut. William Baldwin,
Corporal Edward R. Bennett,
Corporal Abraham Cosier,
William L. Beason,
James M. Howard,
James W. Deliaven,
Edward W. Johnson,
John G. Brewer,
Patrick W. McLaujjhlin.
Joseph J. Baldwin,
Elijah C. Humphrey,
James A. Brown,
Charles M. Wolf,
James G. Stevenson,
George W. Seldomridge,
DISCHARGED BY EXPIRATION OF SERVICE.
Sergeant John M. Smalley,
Corporal John H. McPherson,
Corporal George G. Sargeant,
Samuel W. Collins,
Smith A. Stow,
Joseph H. Clemens,
John T. Reed,
James B. Marshall,
Samuel T. Miller,
Corporal James H. Moore,
Corporal John Alexander,
Corporal Joseph Hedges,
Corporal George Schenebly,
Corporal John H. Forbes,
John A. Sweeny,
James H. Seldomridge,
GREENE COUNTY IN THE WAR.
Captain William Mills.
Samuel I. Poland,
William N. Watt,
W^illiam H. Belt,
Samuel G. Stewart,
Andrew C. Cottrill,
Joseph H. Bigger,
Robert S. Jfvcoby,
George W. King,
Samuel D. Focht,
Musician — Aseph HoUingsworth.
W^illiam H. H. Bridgeman,
Josiah M. Lamme,
Joseph S. Loy,
George M. Moore.
Hezekiah V. Brown,
William A. Dodd,
Jacob C. Filbert,
Bazel V. Lucas,
John G. Smart.
Sergeant William Collins,
Sergeant James A. Worden,
Sergeant Samuel Galloway,
First Lieut. W^m. T. Drummond,
Sergeant William C. (} alio way
James W. Reynolds,
First Lieut, Robert Hunter.
John li. Gowdy,
Jacob H. Eichelbergei
James S. .Thropp,
Captain Austin McDowell,
First Lieut, John N. McClung,
Sergeant John C. Hale,
Sergeant Philip Meredith,
Corporal George Robinson,
Corporal James A. Gowdy,
Corporal George Thompson,
Corporal Benjamin Horner,
Corporal Samuel Dodd,
John A. Bower,
Andrew J. Gregory,
Robert E. Games,
Samuel C. Hook,
Richard S. Galloway,
John Q. Collins,
Charles A. Haynes,
William F. McFadden,
William G. Winter,
Albert T. Marshall,
Joseph W. Stewart,
Harrison A. Galloway,
John W, Sinnard,
William C. Rippetoe,
Andrew J. Lennox,
Amos W. Prugh,
Joseph H. Black,
\Villiam H. Collins,
DISCHARGED BY EXPIRATION OF SERVICE.
Robert M. Deen,
Robert M. Smart,
John W. Fairchild,
Orange H. Marshall,
Samuel S. Wingett.
GREENE COUNTY IN THE WAR.
Sergeant John H. McClunj
Corporal Cyrus N, McClure,
Thomas W. Thompson,
John S. Caddemy
S. P. Worden,
George W. Streets,
George W. Cain,
Hiram J. Cahill,
Henry C. Davis,
Isaac M. Krise,
Daniel M. Cornell,
Daniel M. Canless,
Thon^as O. Donald,
John W. Passon,
Charles R. Finley,
John B. Fisher,
John L. Furguson,
William C. Grooves,
John H. Garrett,
John H. Glotfelter,
John X. Haynes,
George W. Horner,
John A. Shauk,
Edward C. Snyder,
George A. Snyder,
Josiah A. West,
John W. Watts,
Captain Walter Crook,
First Lieut. Matthew H. Peters,
Second Lieut. J. R. Hitesman,
First Sergeant Daniel Staly,
Second Sergeant Enos Wallci^s,
Third Sergeant Isaac Miller,
Fourth Serg't J. R. McCarter.
Fifth Serg't Charles C. Dotson,
Corporal Cyrus Phillips,
William H. Smith.
Charles N. Harper,
Musician, Isaac P. Foster.
Musician, Leon'd Peckenpaugh,
Teamster, H. N. Roberson,
GREENE COUNTY IN THE WAR.
George W. Peck,
R. H. Brooken,
William H. Barton,
Henry H. Cassel,
Jacob H. Circle,
John M. Drill,
David N. Elder,
John W. Glover,
Benjamin G. Hughes,
William H. Huffman,
M. A. Harker,
Thomas B. Howard,
George M. Hause,
David E. Plooven,
Aaron S. Hull,
John H. Jacobs,
John M. Carter.
James R. Martin,
John M. Mahon,
John Obrine, sen,
John Obrine, jun,
George M. Perrine,
Ranthus M. Runyan,
John M. Runyan,
J. R. Sample,
George M. Stokes,
George L. Svventz,
Benjamin F. Shor,
John B. Sweney,
John H. Tonkenson,
Jonathan R. Townsend,
William H. Wilson,
Andrew J. Hyland,
Andrew G. W^ickham,
Captain Albion W, Bostwick,
First Lieut. Thos. C. McElravey,
Second Lieut, Geo. W. Ihicker,
First Serg't AL K. McFadden,
William H. Jones,
William V. B. Crosky,
John B. Pope,
Corporal Bennonia S. Hall.
Corporal Andrew 1'". Clark,
Corporal William G. Barnes,
Corporal William McCollough,
Corporal Leander Baker,
Corporal William C. Welling,
Corporal Jasper Denning,
Fifer, Thomas Wenfield,
Drummer, Frank Hatton,
Wagoner, Robert P. Canus,
John A. Askren,
Amos P. Barnes,
Tohn F. Boles,
John W. Case,
Isaac W. Campbell,
Thomas H. Channel,
(ieorge W. Cunningham,.
William H. Crouch,.
Joshua Lowen miller,
George W. Legget,
George B. Liggit,
George A. IMcAdamas,
William S. Maxwell,
Joseph C. Mansfield,
John F. McFadden,
John H. McGarvin,
Alexander W. Osborn,
GREENE COUNTY IN THE WAR.
William P. Frigar,
John A. liandlus,
John A. Jones,
Thomas W. Poland,
Harvey B. Wright,
Parker S. Watson,
John S. Leister,
Captain Joseph FI. Ballard,
First Lieut. David Snodgrass,
Second Lieut. W. H. H. Moody,
First Serg't Raper A. Spahr,
Second Serg't Farey Q. Bissett,
William H. Evans,
J. Will Con well,
William H. Sesler,
Corporal Philip Stumm,
William A. Brouse,
David H. Foster,
Bugler, Horace L, Romey,
George S. Baringer,
Virgil T. Barnhard,
Richard H. Brookens,
J. M. Reynold,
Joseph St, John,
Joseph H. demons,
Henry H. Comesford,
John W. Devoe,
John A. Donard,
William H. Holden,
Albert F. Johnston,
Francis A. Snyder,
Thomas M, Lesler,
Benjamin F. Sher.
Alfred P. Snodgrass,
James H. Scott,
David B. Tiffany,
George W. Tiffany,
Elijah C. Taylor,
Harvey R/ Tinsley,
George S. Wise,
George W. Wyburn,
George M. Wimwood,
Captain Patrick Dvvyer,
First Lieut. Robert Cullen,
Sec. Lieut. B. F. Connoughton,
First Serg't Corn. McGreavey,
Bernard W. Neil,
GREENE COUNTY IN THE WAR.
Corp. Rodger McDonnaugh,
Musician, Philemon E. Jones.
Musician, John Smith,
Wagoner, Michael Finegan,
Edward Keating, .
Thomas N. Murphy,
Dennis O'Brien, No. I,
Dennis O'Brien, No. 2,.
Dennis O. Neile,
Captain Robert P. Findley,
First Lieut. Jas. H. Cochnower,
Second Lieut. Wm. H. Reed,
First Serg't Theophilus H. Barr,
John H. McRea,
R. Ross Wallace,
James W. Partington,
Corporal Edward Proctor,
Wm, L Holmes,
Charles L. Galligher,
John W. Carson,
James S. McKitrick,
Fifer, Harry H. Higher,
Drummer, Napoleon B. Agy,
Wagoner, Calvin Bush,
G. Wanick Armstrong,
Robert B. Baker,
Thomas E. Brown,
George R. Brown,
George H. Bennett,
George W, Bush,
Wm. V. Barns,
Jackson W. Horney,
Wilson A. McKee,
John O. Harran,
Alphon C. Porter,
Robert C. Parr,
Jacob H. Phillip,
Isaac C. Roberts,
Andrew C. Ren,
Thomas H. Rep,
GREENE COUNTY IN THE WAR.
John A. Couch,
Wm. M. Dillon,
Wm. I. Floyd,
John D. Holston,
Pleasant A. Lemmon,
Philip I. Munich,
George M. May,
Wm. W. Martin,
James C. May.
Walter S. Saull,
James A. Sleeth,
Robert C. Stewart,
Joseph C. Underwood,
Charles H. Underwood,
George W. Vanfassen,
Kinsey S. Williams,
Wm. O. Allison.
RECRUITS FOR THREE YEARS.
Benjamin F. Cahill,
Henry Y. Cahill,
John S. Cosier,
Charles A. Kershner,
John H. Cyphers,
Wm. K. Davis,
George B, Harshman,
James M. Provost,
Jacob E. Swadner,
John K. Siddar,
Winfield S. Sellars,
James W. Smith,
Henry W. Allen,
George G. Gabriel,
Joseph B, Jones,
James E. Jones,
John O. Kesler,
John J. Leah man,
Wm. I. Swallow,
John B. Wagner.
Wm. I. Gibson.
Wm. Y. Weti
Joseph P. Roals,
George F. Braden,
Wm. W. Branson,
Joseph B. Berry,
Wm. A. Banton,
Charles M. Blackburn,
Adam H. Barr,
Wm. H. Campbell,
John E. Caster,
Jacob C. Case,
John F. Geary,
Joseph W. Cartrigh^,
^onas S. Gravy,
Lawrence F. Guder,
Wm. A. Holmes,
Thomas A. Plall,
212 GREENE COUNTY IN THE WAR.
Thomas G. Cox, Samuel R. Johnson,
Peter Dvalt, George S. Krappe,
Samuel Espich, George W. Lyons,
Thomas Fleming, John Liggett,
Wm. Furlay, Wm, Miers,
John Frazier, Adam H. Mook.
John F. Powell, Daniel Gray,
James Chipman, Calvin N. Hall,
Laird M. Coon, Jacob Howenstein,
Wm. R, Coon, Albert King,
David V. Coon, Salem Reed,
Frederick Conrad, Wm. Sourbough,
George W. Coldwell, Undercook, Robert Jackson.
Albert Chipman, John Lutees,
Louis A. Gerord, Wm. Thompson.
Roster of 12th Reg-iment.
Colonel John W. l.owe,
Colonel Carr B. White,
Lieut. Colonel Carr B. White,
Lieut. Colonel J. D. Hines,
Major Jonathan D. Hines,
Major James D. Wallace,
Major Edward M. Carey,
Major Rigdon Williams,
Surgeon Wm. W. Holmes,
Surgeon Wm. T. Ridenhour,
Surgeon James D. Webb,
Surgeon N. F. Graham.
Ass't Surgeon, Horace P. Kay,
Ass't Surgeon, Silas T. Buck,
Chaplain Russell D. VanDusen,
Chaplain Charles L. Allen.
James D. Wallace,
Edward M. Carey,
William B. Smith,
Joseph L. Hilt,
Azanah W. Doane,
Henry S. Clement,
Wm. W. Liggett,
Daniel W. Pauley,
Wm. E. Fisher,
Henry F. Haukes,
Jonathan C. Wallace,
Aaron N. Channell,
James W. Ross,
Horatio G. Tibbals,
Jacob A. Yordy,
Henry S. Clement,
Wm. W. Liggett,
James W. Ross,
Jacob A. Yordy,
GREENE COUNTY IN THE WAR.
Wm. P. Coune,
George W. Goode,
Daniel W. Pau'ey,
Alex M. Ridgway,
Jonathan C. Wallace,
Andrew J. Roxa,
W. H. Roberts,
Wm. E. Fisher,
Henry F, Hawkes,
Aaron N. Channell,
Horatio G. Tibbals,
Robert H. Shoemaker.
John C, Campbell,
John V. O'Connor,
Michael B. Mahoney,
Wm. H. Glotfelter,
John W. Hiltz,
Thomas J. Atkinson,
Wm. B. Nesbitt,
Wm. A. Ludlum;
Frank M. Slade,
Thomas F. Hill,
Harrison G. Otis,
Wm. E. Fisher,
Moses W, Trader,
James W. Ross,
Jacob A. Yordy,
Wm. H. Miller,
Alonzo M. Dimmitt,
Aaron N. Channell,
Horatio G. Tibballs,
Robert H. Shoemaker,
John C.^ Campbell,
John V. O'Connor,
John W. Hiltz,
Frederick B. Schnebly,
. Thomas J. Atkinson,
Edwin W. Jacoby,
Wm. H. Glotfelter,
Wm. B. Nesbitt,
Wm. A. Ludlum,
Andrew C. Miller,
Thomas F. Hill,
Frank M. Slade,
Michael B. Mahoney,
Harrison G. Otis,
James H. Palmer,
Henry L. Sherwood,
Robert B. Wilson,
Jonathan H. McMillan,
Edward R. Grim,
Fenton L. Torrence,
John M. Busby.
Captain W. B. Smith,
George W. Goode,
Moses W. Trader,
W. T, Timberlake,
W. B. Nesbitt,
John W. McMillan,
Fred B. Schebly,
Wm. S. Cessna,
Hiram D. Cline,
Joseph S. Clokey,
John A. Snyder,
Samuel H. Nesbitt,
James I. Steen,
Charles A. McCarty,
Ephraim A. Adams,
John E. Brown,
James A. Bailey,
John H. Baker,
Francis G. Barber,
Robert K. Boggs,
Robert P. Beard,
George W. Beard,
James D. Counsell,
John W. Cline,
David R. Curry,
Henry C. Huffine,
Wm. H. Iliff,
James H. Iliff,
Thomas W. Jenkins,
George W. King,
John W. Kirkwood,
David M. Log,
Joseph D. Murry,
James W. W. Popple,
Wm. V. Reading,
Gilbert D. Robertson,
John F. Reif,
James W. Raney,
George W. Sollers,
John S. Stoops,
Nathan H. Sidwell,
Charles W, Stevenson,
James K. Smithi,
John B. Scroggy,
GREENE COUNTY IN THE WAR.
Ed S. Devine,
Wm. A. Dingess,
David C. B. Ellis,
John S. Harper,
John A. Harper,
Wm. C. Shape,
Matimer E. Stone,
Wm. P. Taylor,
Edward S. Thomasson,
J. Atkinson Thomas,
Roster of 94th Reg-iment
Colonel Joseph W. Frizell,
Colonel Stephen A. Bassford,
Lieut. Col. Stephen A. Bassford,
Lieut. Col. David King,
Lieut. Col. Rue P. Hutchins,
Major David King,
Major Rue P. Hutchins,
Major Charles C. Gibson,
Major Wm. H. Snider,
Surgeon Edwin Sinnet,
Surgeon Wm. B. Gibson,
Ass't Surgeon J. L. Sorber,
A^s't Surgeon L. C. Fouls,
Ass't Surgeon Wm, B. Gibson,
Ass't Surgeon J. Resley,
Ass't Surgeon Edwin C. Booth,
Ass't Surg. D. W. Humfreville,
Chaplain Wm, Allington.
John C. Drury,
Thedius W. Walton,
Rue P. Hutchins,
Thomas H. Workman,
Charles C. Gibson,
Wm. H. Snider,
James E. Edmons,
Dixon G. McLaughlin,
Charles R. Moss,
David T. Davidson,
John W. Ford,
Nathan G. McConkey,
Benjamin F. Coolidge,
Frank A. Hardy,
Samuel H, Sherlock,
Andrew Go wan,
Joshua H. Horton,
Benjamin F. Coolidge,
Frederick B. McXeal,
George W. Wilson,
GREENE COUNTY IN THE WAR.
Dixon G. McLaughlin,
James A. Petticrew,
John A. Beal,
Alfred L. Trader,
Samuel T. Arnold,
Wm. H. Snider,
George D. Farrer,
Nathan G. McConkey,
John W. Ford,
Frank A. Hardy,
Henry A. Tomlinson,
James E. Edmons,
Daniel D. Hunter,
Samuel H. Sherlock,
Wm. D. Putnam,
Henry C. Cushman,^
John A. Hivling,
James T. Pierson,
James B. Cross,
Morrison M. Markwith,
H. Newton Arnold.
Frederick B. McNeal,
Frank A. Hardy,
Henry A. Tomlinson,
David T. Davidson,
George H. Maddox,
Charles R. Moss,
George W. Wilson,
James E. Edmon,
Wm. D. Putnam.
Barton C. Mitchell,
John P. Patterson,
Henry C. Cushman,
John A. Hivling,
James T. Pierson,
John A. Beal,
Samuel H. Pierce,
John S. Perkins,
E. S. Palmer,
Milo A. Richison,
Wm. B. Richison,
THE NINETY FOURTH.
James W. Lucas,
David W. Surgert,
O. H. P. Knal,
W. H. H. Towler,
George H. Andrew,
Wm. F. Snediker,
E. H. Dewitt,
Simon P. Ally,
Joseph W. Beck,
Samuel A. Bowermaster,
Tilbert Browder, .
W. B. Corn well,
D. W. Carpenter,
Lewis Cass Cotterell,
J. M. Cotterell,
Hiram R. Conn,
T. C. Dann,
John W. Steel,
J. C. Stewart,
George ^L Smith,
J. R. Stewart,
'John A. Steel,
Wm. X. Gilbert,
Wm. H. Goe,
James A. Gowdy,
Jasper N. Greene,
John A. Hivling,
Jacob P. Harner,
James A. Harper,
Wm. B. Holzapple,
John R. Jacoby,
James H. Kyle,
Isaac P. Kelley,
John C. Lovett,
Albert H. Leech,
Evan B. McCord,
James P. McFarland,
GREENE COUNTY IN THE WAR.
John M. Eckert,
James M. Flanigan,
S. T. Gallen,
John A. Goe,
James M. Hames.
Thomas S. Huston,
George W. Huston,
Phil C. Harsh man,
D. A. Jones,
Addison M. Jones,
Adam G. Kershner,
John H. Koogler,
Fred B. Ledbeller,
Elijah H. Lewis,
Henry I. Luty,
W. A. Martin,
John A. Miller,
Simeon W. Oldham,
Abner W. Oldham,
Harrison R. Putnam,
George S. Sharp,
John F. Shearer,
John M. Sellars,
Lassing H. Shadley,
J Henry W. Tobias,
John M. Vancleaf,
James R. P. Weaver,
John W. Wikel.
Alfred L. Trader,
David T. Davidson,
Charles H. Thomas,
John P. Patterson,
Clinton C. Nickols,
John G, McPherson,
Isaac R. Lane,
James M, Thirkield,
David W. Williamson,
Philip L. McDowell,
Charles H. Miller,
George W. Pottle,
John G. Bull,
John L Bull,
James E. Bull,
Andrew H. Black,
John N. Chisty,
Hugh M. Cooper,
David D. Cheeney,
Wm. H. Crawford,
Dennis H. Deam,
Granville P. Edsall,
Henry H. Eavey,
George V. Goode,
David R. Hopping,
John H. Hoover,
John F. James,
Wm. K. McLaughlin,
Patrick IL Maley,
Albert H. Miller,
Samuel H. McMillan,
John H. Noble,
Martin O. Dowel,
Abel F. Peterson,
Jonas Peterson, jr,
James M. Quinn,
James R. Reid,
Anthony C. Rupell,
Wm. A. Street,
James M. Starr,
John D. M. Stewart,
Robert K. Stevenson,.
Wm. A. Hook,
James M. Smith,
Jacob M. Sutton,
John K. Tannyhil),
John C. Thompson,
James A. \Velch,
Joseph K. Wright,
GREENE COUNTY IN THE WAR.
Wm. M. Walton,
Charles E. Way,
James A. Smeigh,
Wm. C. Thompson,
Robert P. Walker,
George M, Wright,
George C. Winter,
Hugh M. Weir,
John W. Whiteman,
David M. Winter.
Koster of 110th Reg-iraent.
Colonel J. Wanen Keifer,
Lieut. Colonel Wm. N. Foster,
Lieut. Colonel Otho IL Binkley,
Major, Otho H. Binkley,
Major Wm. S. McElwaine,
Major Aaron Spangler,
Surgeon S. Pixley,
Surgeon R. McCandless,
Ass't Surgeon E. C. Owens,
Ass't Surgeon IL H. Bishop,
Ass't Surgeon A. W. Pinkerton,
Ass't Surgeon John W. Mack,
Ass't Surgeon Wm. H. Park,
Ass't Surgeon E. P. Ebersole,
Chaplain James Harvey,
Chaplain Lucius W. Chapman,
Chaplain Milton J. Miller,
Captain Wm. McElwain,
First Lieut. Daniel D. Moore,
Second Lieut. Alex. Trimble,
First Serg't Thomas S. Clark,
Second Serg't Joseph Vaneaton,
Third Serg't Wm. A. Jones,
Fourth Serg't Wm. H. Byrd,
Fifth Sergt Wm. H. Hany,
Corporal Lewis PL Beal,
Corporal Franklin H. McDaniel,
Corporal A. Pickthem,
Corporal Abraham Sheeley,
Corporal Thomas Goe,
Corporal Thomas J. Daughterly,
Corporal Wm. V. Luce,
Corporal Frederick LaRue,
James H. demons,
Jesse C. demons,
Wm. R. Day,
James C. Freeman,
Amos W. Files,
George M. Fletcher,
George W. Gano,
GREENE COUNTY IN THE WAR.
Samuel N. Adams,
Nelson G. Adams,
James C. Bralton,
Oliver P. Ileaton,
James C. Hartsook,.
A. C. Hubbard,
Joseph G. Haw^kins,
James II. Ilarshman.
Roster of 44th Regiment.
Colonel Samuel A. Gilbert,
Lieut. Col. H. Blair Wilson,
Lieut. Col. A. O. Mitchell,
Lieut. Col. Lysander W. Tulley,
Major A. O. Mitchell,
Major Alpheus S. Moore.
Surgeon H. K, Steele,
Ass't Surgeon John H. Rodgers,
Ass't Surgeon Douglas Luce,
Ass't Surgeon Benj. F. Davis,
Chaplain Thomas P. Childs,
Lysander W. Tulley,
Nickolus D. Badger,
Samuel C. Howell,
T. B. Burkholder;
Milo E. Lawrence,
Wm. H. Dugdale,
O. S. Lynn,
L. M. Hageman,
Isaac N. Evans,
John W. Berth,
M. I. Loy,
J. M. R. Cline,
J. H. Armstrong,
James C. Brown,
John B. Cress,
Robert B. Carlisle,
J. F. Collier,
H. J. Confer,
Ripley J. Davis,
John C. Elliot,
Aaron H. Ellis,
Jacob M. Ford,
O. T. Hale.
Roster of 10th Ohio Battery,
Captain J. R. Grain,
First Lieut. J. B. Gage, sr, V. E.,
First Lieut. James Gilmore, jr.
Sec'd Lieut. S. A. Galbreath, sr,
Sec'd Lieut. J. C. Bontecon, jr.
FirstSerg't J. W. Randall, V. E.,
Q. Master's Serg't Geo. Dasher,
R. L. White, F. S., V. E.,
W. H. Byrd, F. S., V. E.
X. Daron, F. S., V. E.,
Wm. Myers, F. S., V. E.,
George O. White, F. S., V. E.,
Joseph L. Gilmore, F. S., V. fl
Gal. Swift, ■
J. B. Marshall,
P. G. Glevel], V. E.,
B. G. Johnson, V. E.,
John Kauffman, V. E.
Wells Jones, V. E.,
(ieoriie Wentz, \'. E.
Jacob Beemer, V. E.,
Artificer Jacob Wheeler, V. E.
Artificer Wm. W. McFarland,
Bugler ch. John G. Trimble,
Bugler Gharles Maye'-,
Wagoner John W. Friend,
Wm. R. Arlhuv, V. E.
John M. Armstrong,
Henry Boyles, V. E.,
lames S. Becraes,
Henry Betz, 1st.
Henry Betz, 2d,
TENTH OHIO BATTERY.
Wm. Broder, V. E.,
Herman Bolenhagen, V. E.,
Wm. Cook, V. E.,
John A. Conger,
Albert Cochran, V. E.,
Wm. M. Daugherty,
George R. Davis,
Frank Ditnier, V. E.,
George E. Diprey, V. E,,
Wm. H. Dilton,
John F. Droste,
John Eggert, V. E.,
Benjamin Farnsworth, V. E.
John T. Fishbaugh.
Franklin Foughty, V. E.,
Michael Geisel, V. E.,
Henry P. Gross,
Nevin C. M. Hill,
Herman Hayn, V. E.,
Wm. Harp, V. E.,
Charles Han way,
Michael Helk, V. E.,
Wm. Heineke, V. E.,
George F. Johnson,
Isaac Jolley, V. E.,
Henry P. Jones,
John S. Kirkwood, V. E.,
Frank Kauffman, \'. E..
Michael Von Kennen, \'. E.,
Anthony Koenig, \'. E.,
Milton P. I>ayman,
John Lahey, V. E.,
Frederick Linderman, V. E.,
Frederick Maurer, V. E.,
John A. Mitchel,
James C. Morgan,
Adam Markley, \'. E.,
GREENE COUNTY IN THE WAR.
George Pfeifer, V. E.,
Jeremiah Parsons, V. E.,
Charles S. Ramsey,
Levi W. Robison,
Andrew J. Rudduck, V. E.
John W. Randall, V. E.,
George W. Randall,
Andrew Shimeal, V. E.,
Thomas C. Smith, V. E.,
Jacob B. Smith,
Henry C. Smith,
George W. Shroude, V. E.
Christopher Schrag, Y. E.
Frank Schneider, V. E.,
John T. Stephens,
John H. Simpson, V. E.,
"Werner Schlumph, V. E.,
James A. Thomas, V. E.,
George L. Townsley,
Edward W. Vanhorn,
Wm. Yolk, Y. E.,
George H. White,
Samuel C. Wright,
George Wehrley, Y. E.,
Wm. M. Williams, V. E.,
Conrad Weiss, Y. E.,
Thomas E. W^hite,
DIED IN SERVICE.
Patrick M alone,
Ezra T. Mitchner,
John F. Wilson,
TENTH OHIO BATTERY.
Charles C. Irwin,
Wm. R, Kennard,
John Snod grass,
Captain H. B. White,
Captain Francis Seaman,
Lieut. Frederick W. Bardwell,
Lieut. A. A. Blount,
Lieut. Edward Grosskopff,
Lieut. Wm. T. Newcomb,
Lieut. George Kleder,
Lieut. Lanson Zane,
First Serg't Charles S. Rice,
First Serg't Wm. F, Nixon,
Q. M. Serg't Abraham Hulsizer,
Sergeant Levi Henderson,
Sergeant Jonas Tease,
Corporal Greenbury Milburn,
Corporal Francis O'Shea,
Corporal Pelegreno Tuchasey,
Artificer John S. Owens,
Artificer Mortimer Carey,
Artificer Erasmus Tulleys,
Artificer Joseph Cline,
Bugler Wm. H. Bretney,
Charles M. Adams,
Henry K. Brown,
Samuel A. Barr,
Isaiah L. Bottsford,
JefF. C. Davis,
John A. Davis,
Wm. II. Elwell,
Orlando V. Flora,
Julius R. Gillett,
John A. Goe,
Wm. H. Grant,
GREENE COUNTY IN THE WAR.
Samuel J. Knott,
John C. Leibold,
Snow. R, Laurance,
George B. McPherson,
Joseph J, Osborn,
B. F, Peck,
John W. Randall,
• Wm. Ryan,
John W. Shumaker,
Benjamin P. Scott,
Philo M. Swift,
Emsley D. Smith,
George S. Wright,
TRANSFERS. —Vet. Res. Corps.
James K. Frazier,
Wm. H. Levan,
James O. Salesbury.
Charles Helm, officer's servant,
Roster of 154th Regiment.
Colonel Robert Stevenson,
Lieut. Colonel E. Wilson,
Major Wm. A. Neil,
Surgeon George Watt,
Ass't Surgeon Leigh McClung,
Ouartermaster A. L. Trader.
Adjutant J. B. Hagan,
Chaplain Robert Caslin,
Serg't Major Linus P. Bonner,
Commissary Serg't Henry Miller,
Commissary Serg't L. Paine,
Captain James B. Corry,
First Lieut. John I. Heinz,
Second Lieut. Jasper W. Reed,
Sergeant Pierce Folkerth,
Second Serg't Sam'l W. Cox, jr.,
Third Serg't Charles Shaw,
Fourth Serg't John Hume,
Fifth Serg't Joseph R. Bull,
Corporal Isaac A. Furguson,
Second Corporal Henry Cony,
Third Corporal George B. Hyde,
Fourth Corporal M. Musselman,
Fifth Corporal C. B. Lewis,
Sixth Corporal S. J. W^ard,
Seventh Corporal B. R. Gdss,
Eighth Corporal James Gregg,
Drum Major Julius Cone,
Fifer Alburton F. Hopkins,
David R. Brewer,
Newton A. Brown,
Sylvester B. liloomfield,
John H. Barton,
James H. Baker,
James D. Currie,
Wm. R. Corey,
Isaac H. Crowell,
Wm. B. Corn well,
.Wm. H. H. Deming,
GREENE COUNTY IN THE WAR.
Chauncy W. Deming,
John W. Hamilton,
Elmer B. Hopkins,
Wilson A. Hopkins,
Daniel A. Jobe,
Augustus H. Jones,
James C. Miller,
Joel B. Record,
Andrew J. Smith,
Wm. R. Sloane,
Joseph M. C. Wilson,
Wm. L. Wilson,
Pardon C. Wilson,
James F. Lynn,
Ezra B. Lewis,
Augustus S. Hildreth,
Captain A. C. Miller,
First Lieut. J. FI. Matthews,
Second Lieut. Oscar Pool,
P. L. McDowald,
R. F. Marshall,
J. P. Poland,
M. F. Anderson,
P. L. Davis,
W. M. Beveridge,
E, C. Hamilton,
C. I. Nfesbitt,
G. R. Gibney,
J. D. Allen,
J. L. Alexander,
thp: onk hundred and fifty-fourth.
G. M.- Boyd,
R. F. Buckles,
H. E. Barlow,
B. Y. Berry,
George H. Crabb,
D. M. Charters,
C. E. Case,
S. C. Elwell,
J. Ewing, jr.,
B. F. Good,
D. A. Grug,
F. C. Hicks,
J. A. Harbison,
H. B. Kepler,
E. L. Moorehouse,
J. E. Martin,
O. W. Marshall,
G. W. Manor,
J. A. Miller,
R. F. Martin,
D. G. Martin,
J. G. McWhirk,
J. H. Miller,
G. W. Neville,
A. C. Xeal,
.S. G. Oakley,
E. C. Paine,
G. L. Paine,
R. H. C. Parcell,
M. W. Roberts,
E. W. Shane,
H. B. Syeney,
A. L. Smith,
Nat H. Stutsman,
S. L. Taylor,
J. M. Thirkield,
W. W. Torrence,
R. B. Williams,
J. E. Wright,
Thomas T. Harrington,
H. B. Hopping,
John F. Hopping,
11. C. Johnson,
D. C. Laurence,.
J. M. McLane,
GREENE COUNTY IN THE WAR.
J. C. Mc Far land,
Wm. M. McVarland,
F. A. McKinney,
J. O. McCiintic,
Ira K. Minton,
George B. Patterson,
Charles H. Srouf,
, J. N. Saum,
S. I. Sanders,
George W. Shroad,
H. D. Wise,
David J. Wise,
George O. White,
Wm. H. Wright.
Captain Henry B. Guthrie,
First Lieut. George C. Canfield,
Second Lieut. Benj. F. Darst,
Silas B. Shaner,
John R, Ridenhour,
A. B. Cosier,
George A. Harner,
Henry C. Glotfelter,
Samuel H. Boroff,
Joseph J. Osburn,
Henry J. Boroff,
Wilson S. Bumgardner,
David A. Brewer,
Wm. H. Brown,
John W. Benson,
Adam R. Bickett,
Reuben B. Carley,
Wm. G. Cory,
James W. Collins,
James M. Collins,
David R. Colwell,
THE ONE HUNDRED AND FIFTY-FOURTH.
George W. Gross,
Wm. H. Huston,
John H. Hyland,
John W. Haverstick,
Wm. J. Haverstick,
John W. Irvin,
James E. Junkins,
George W. Gerner,
Joel F. Needles,
Michael H. Powers,
Samuel V, Prather,
Jacob S. Swainey,
Andrew J. Sutton,
W. H. Scott,
David W. Wolf,
Wm. H. Wolf,
Abram M. Wolf,
Captain Joseph F. Bouck,
First Lieut. Benj. H. Barney,
Second Lieut. John W. Tobias,
First Sergeant John E. Felton,
Second Serg't O. H. P. Moler,
Third Serg't Mark Xewland,
Fourth Serg't Jacob L. Land,
Fifth Serg't Neal Zimmerman,
Corporal Levi T. Xagle,
Second Corp. Sam'l H. Prather,
Third Corp. Wm. Haverstick,
Fourth Corp. C. M. Galloway,
Fifth Corp. Sampson Cosad,
Sixth Corp. Paris H. Peterson,
Seventh Corp. S. H. Harshman,
Eighth Corp. Simon Gast,
Levi D. Aley,
David H. Baker,
Jacob L. Broadstone,
Albert T. Bush,
l^enjamin F. Cory,
Wm. S. Chany,
Henry J, Cory,
John Carter, —^
Thomas W. Carson,
GREENE COUNTY IN THE WAR.
Wm. H. Engle,
John W. Gordon,
John W. Haverstick,
John M. Hawker,
John I. Hook,
John O. Harm an.
Captain Richard King,
Jesse R. Marshall,
John W. Manor,
Daniel P. Jeffries,
Wm. M. North,
John S. Watts,
John R. Gowaly,
Chapel H. Winter,
Hugh M. Andrew,
Daniel M. Stewart,
James G. Stevenson,
Samuel J. Andrew,
George H. Bayless,
Isaac S. Bond,
Linus P. Bonner,
Edward M. Bonner,
Edward A. Binkley,
John H. Bratton,
John G. Brown,
James S. Buck,
Robert A. Buck,
Wm. H. Corey,
George W, Cosby,
Jeremiah E. Cosby,
Henry P. Galloway,
James H. Gowdy,
Joseph C. Cartrel],
Wm. S. Galvin,
James M. Hawkins,
Wm. H. Hutchison,
Samuel A. Kendal],
John W. King,
James B. King,
A. H. Kirkpatrick,
THE ONE HUNDRED AND FIFTY FOURTH,
James W. McDaniel,
Charles R. Milburn,
Wm. H. Pierce,
James P. Pierce,
Elijah B. Reeves,
James M. Stratton,
James R. Stewart,
David W. Shoemaker,
Jacob H. Snell,
Franklin B. Taylor,
Wm. C. Winter,
Alexander J. C. Wead,
James C. T. Wead,
Wilson H. Wilson,
Benjamin F. Jameay,
Wm. A. Robertson.
John W. Hepfard,
Ben H. Hontop,
Douglas E, King,
Joseph H. Cable,
George C. Koogler,
Samuel B. Kelly,
David R. Lesher,
John L. Peterson,
Francis P. Stull,
John A. Stewart,
James M. C. Stewart,
Samuel H. Strickle,
Wm. T. Tobias,
GREENE COUNTY IN THE WAR.
Daniel F. Weaver,
John D. Yingleng,
J. W. HalL
John A. Seiss,
D. H. Williamson,
John F. Daugherty,
Jerry H. Gest,
Michael Daugherty, jr.,
Henry O. Barnett,
James R. Anderson,
Philip P. Anderson,
Benjamin F. Chamblis,
George W. Curvault,
H. W. Cheny,
Samuel L. Disbro,
Joseph C. Evans,
Wm. S. Frazier,
Wm. D. Fowler,
Mathew H. Gage,
Hugh W. Harper,
James E. Haus,
James M. Luce,
W. H. McClelland, sr.,
Wm. H. McClelland, jr.,.
Thomas P. MendenhaU,
John B. Mason,
Francis M. Moffit,
Benjamin T. Norman,
Wm. H. Perrine,
Wm. B. Reige,
Robert W. Riddle,.
John M. Sanders,
Daniel S. Stump,
THI<: ONE HUNDRED AND EIFTY FOURTH.
George R. Stiles,
Wm. I. Stump,
Joseph C. Sims,
Wm. Stan field,
James S. Talbeit,
George I>. Talbert,
John M. Wright.
CO:Mi^^]S Y H
D. I. Browder,
Platte E. Mott,
Jacob P. Brown,
Daniel M. St. John,
Wm. H. Arnold,
I. W. Beason,
W. C. Brinell,
Wm. I). Bone,
W. H. Campell,
James H. Crusew,
Simon H. Fudge,
D wight K. Frost,
Wm. A. Harris,
John A. Hickmar,
Napoleon B. Harris,
David F. Flickmar,
Francis AL Harness^
James T. Ilite,
James M. Linkhart,
[ohn Mc El wain,
GREENE COUNTY IN THE WAR.
Joshua P. Oglesbee,
Asa R. Olehant,
James S. Peterson,
Adam H. Palmer,
John N. Peterson,
James H. Stillings,
Poley C. Siles,
Charles W. St. John,
Alonzo C. Smith,
Wilson St. John,
John B. Spencer,
John F. Sutton,
John S. McGregor,
Roster of 54th Reg'iment,
Michael Bradley, Wm. Connor,
George Marshall, Wm. Beall,
John Robinson, Charles F. Beall,
John Goldsberry, * James W. Beall,
Otway Owens, Albert Black,
Richard Campion, L. Maddox.
Roster of 34th Reg'iinent.
Captain S. R. S. West,
First Lieut. Albert Nesbitt,
Second^Lieut: A. S. Frazer,
Orderly Serg't Frank Millward,
Sergeant I. C. Hutchins,
Sergeant N. P. Marvell,
Sergeant H. J. Marshall,
Sergeant C. L. McClure,
Corporal John Tarbox,
Corporal J. A. McNichols,
Corporal E. D. Roberts,
Corporal John H. Placke,
Corporal F. A. Austin,
Corporal John H. McCurren,
Corporal Staley F. Stemble,
Corporal James Benson,
Fifer Dwight K. Frost,
Drummer Wm. Thompson.
Wm. R. Adams,
Theodore C. Aarons,
George W. Atchley,
Wm. H. Austin,
Dudley W. Beall,
James R. Bull,
John W. Cartwright,
Ed. M. Cordle,
(ieorge W. Ebright,
John M. Ford,
James I. Fulton,
F. G. Hale,
Morton L. Hawkins,
Wm. C. Higginson,
John F. E. Hillen,
Wm. H. Hull,
Aust. M. Kelly,
Wm. H. King,
Wm. H. Kinnan,
Alex. C. Kyle,
John M. Lawrie,
Benjamin H. Likens,
John W. Logan,
Wm. L. Luark,
Ben. F. Mullen,
Willis D. McDonald,
Robert E. McCormick,
Wm. H. Newbold,
John W. Puckham,
Wm. A. Patterson,
Alva L. Peters,
Jason D. Phillips,
James M. Rhodes,
Asa D. Robbins,
Wm. F. Rosenbarger.
Permetus K. Sale,
Wesley D. Sebring,
John W. Shorten,
Henry S. Shue,
John W. Smith,
Ed. H. Stevens,
J. C. Stewart,
A. B. Swenk,
James A. Thompson,
Innis A. Townsley,
James W. Watson,
James B. Winter,
John G. Winter,
J. G. Worthington,
Roster of 184th Regiment,
Colonel Henry S. Comager,
Lieut. Col. Chandler W. Carroll,
Major E. S. Dodd,
Surgeon L, G, Meyer.
Ass't Surg. Rob't A. Richardson,
Ass't Surgeon Henry H. Shaw,
Ass't Surgeon Emmet W. Price,
Levi S. Jamison,
Joseph W. Wise,
J. D. Moler,
George P. Davis,
\Vm. J. Widener,
Luman P. P. Folkerth,
George A. Ells,
Alex M. Duck,
David A. Murphy,
Joseph A. Blair.
Charles W. Gerwig
Henry C. Canfield,
Wm. H. Bettis,
Charles E, Warren,
Harrison P. Taylor,
Wm. F. Langdon,
John W. Horton,
David H. Comager.
THE ONE HUNDRED AND EIGHTY-FOURTH.
\V. A. Hopkins.
Wm. M. King,
Joseph S. Wilson,
I. T. Confer,
J. R. Record,
J. T. Collett,
Roster of 3d N. Y. Calvary
James L. Lantz, Harvey E, Randall,
L. H. WhJteiTjan, Gustave Schilling,
Jerry L. Whiteman, James Rickets,
Theodore Collier, Andrew Hutchinson,
D. D. Bams, John Q. A. Goe,
W. V. Lawrence, C. C. Robinson,
John T, Hogue, Hank B. Keplar,
W. A. Bitner, Joseph M, Barlow.
George W, Bitner.
Roster of 1st Ohio Reo:. Inf y
L. H. Boots, > ■?<.
J. M. Joues,
Isaac Rudduck, ' '. : c : : .. > :
foseph Cumniings, J - v. c - ^ :. c ;. v :l:
Tames Harris, Robert Tones,
Robert Cn>ssi. \Vm. Moses,
Mike Geisner. Levi Sleigle.
Martin Buckly, Jolin Skeiion,
Tohn Cain, James Tharpe.
Officers of Company E.. SeventN'-Fourth Regiment. O. V. I.
The following officers were overlooked in furnishing roster
to the printer, hence their appearance here :
Captain Joseph Fisher, Second Lieut. Thomas Kirby,
First Lieut, H. H. Herring, First Sergeant Peter O. Benham,
First Lieut. B. F. Shickley.
Sometimes the boys would indulge in playing tricks on each
other. I will give an incident or two : One time, soon after
the battle of Stone River, while we were yet occupying the old
Sibley tents, the boys concluded that they would have a little
sport at the expense of one of their comrades ; accordingly they
arranged to have some singing, one evening, in one of the tents.
They came in until the tent was pretty nearly full. They placed
a stool near the middle of the tent, to which they in\-ited the
singer — having previously placed some cartridges under the
seat. The singer took his seat, and after singing one or two
songs, which were loudly encored, which was to produce the
impression that there was no trick in it, one of the boys called
for the song of "Reuben Wright and Phebe Brown.'' and at
the verse where the old man shot at Reuben, which was the
signal, one of the boys, set tire to the cartridges, which lifted
stool, singer and all, about two feet high, singeing his hair and
whiskers, and filling the tent with smoke. When it cleared
away there was not a man to be seen, they having taken to their
heels, leaving the poor fellow without an audience. It is unnec-
essary to add that the entertainment was suddenly brought to a
close. The victim of the above joke was the author of this
book. The boys acknowledged, however, that they carried the
I'ke a little too far, there, being more powder than they thought
250 GREENE COUNTY IN THE WAR.
there was. It was a long time before I found out who ignited the
cartridges. If I had known it then I would have made it pretty
hot for them ; but then everybody was ignorant of who did it.
Another practical joke was perpetrated on a couple of the
boys who were bunking together. It was while we were on the
march one evening, late. Just before we halted there was the
appearance of a heavy rain coming up. We halted on the side
of the hill, and commenced putting up our shelter-tents. After
erecting the tents we then had to dig trenches around them to
keep the water from running through them. It soon commenced
raining, and rained very hard. The two boys whom I men-
tioned had their tent just below one of the boys, who was a
very mischievous fellow, full of fun, and, by the way, a good-
hearted fellow and a good soldier. Jim got up, and procuring a
shovel, succeeded in turning the water into the aforesaid boys'
tent, completely deluging them with water, and causing them to
get up and move their tent to a drier spot, and to use expletives
not very orthodox. Although the joker did it at the expense of
getting completely drenched himself, when the boys emerged
from their tent Jim was apparently sound asleep in his own.
Another time, while we were on the march, we had halted
in the edge of the wood, by the roadside, for dinner. I think
this was a forced march, and we had only time to eat a lunch. A
joke was played on our captain. He was sitting on the ground,
leaning against a tree, eating his lunch from his haversack. One
of the boys had caught a lizard — a harmless litde reptile, found
in the South — and slipping up behind the captain pufit into his
haversack. He put his hand into the sack for a hard tack,
when, feeling something cold, he withdrew his hand very sud-
denly, while at the same time his face became as red as a beet,
and demanded, in not very soft language, 'who the perpetrator
was; but no one knew anything about it — all were very busy
devouring their luncheons.
ANECDOTES AND INCIDENTS. 251
Practical joking was not always very safe, as it came very
near costing one man his life. One night, after the sentinels
had been posted, a certain corporal thouglit he would scare one
of the guards — who was considered not very bright — by ap-
proaching him, and trying to make him believe he was a rebel,
demanding his gun. ]>ut the fellow was not so dumb as he
thought he was. He halted him, but paying no attention to
him kept on advancing, when the sentinel drew up his gun, and
was about to let him have the contents, when he had to make
himself known by giving the countersign.
Another incident happened, but not exactly of the same
nature. Two soldiers concocted a plan to pass out through the
lines one night. They were to get down on all fours, and root
and grunt like a hog. One of them started in advance, and
succeeded in passing the sentinel apparently unobserved. The
other, emboldened by the success of his comrade, attempted the
same feat. He had got about half way through in the same
manner, when the guard suddenly whirled around, with the
exclamation "that there were too many doggone hogs around,"'
and at the same time striking our hero fairly in the side with a
stone, laying him out for a few minutes. The guard became
alarmed, rushing up to him, said, "Jake, I threw harder than I
intended; I knew it was you all the time." Jake concluded that
he was not a very good hog after all.
It was the night before the battle of Cedar Creek. In the"
war office at Washington sat Mr. Stanton in close conversation
with General Phil. Sheridan. There were some grave questions
being discussed between them, for the talk lasted long after
midnight. General Thomas T. Eckert, superintendent of mil-
GREENE COUNTY IN THE WAR.
itary telegraph lines, was in an adjoining room, watching for
sounds of alarm from the front, or important telegrams from any
of the advancing armies in the field. A new day was fast
approaching the dawn, and t'ne war minister and the general still
continued their earnest conversation. A click of the instrument
caught General Eckert's ear. It was Winchester calling the war
office. His skilled hand touclied the key in ready response, and
a moment later the words came :
"There is danger here. Hurry Sheridan to the front."
Quick as a flash the message was handed to the two men in
the next room in close conversation about the cam.paign in the
Shenandoah Valley. Sheridan went to the instrument, and
there was a moment of hurried talk over the wires between him
and his headquarters, wlien Secretary Stanton gave directions to
General Eckert to telegraph the railroad authorities of the Balti-
more & Ohio to clear the road, and to at once provide relays of
special engines to take Sheridan to the scene of the coming battle
as fast as steam could carry him. General Eckert worked the
wire himself, and gave hurried directions to the railroad officials
as to what to do in this emergency. While he sat with his hand
on the key, perfecting the train arrangements, Stanton and
Sheridan had a few hurried final words, each countenance bear-
ing the marks of earnestness, not unmingled with anxiety. The
train schedule was soon made, Sheridan left the war office, and
was driven to the station with all possible speed. A panting
engine had just backed in as he arrived, and jumping aboard,
the engineer, instructed to make the Relay House in the shortest
possible time, pulled the starting-bar, and away sped the train.
It had a clear track, and reached its destination —thirty miles
away — in much less than an hour. Here an engine of the
main line stood waiting to take him to Harper's Ferry —
seventy miles beyond. There were no obstructions all the way
up. Every moving train had been side-tracked, and every
ANECDOTES AND INCIDENTS. 353.
Other precaution taken to prevent accident to the on-rushing
engine bearing Sheridan to the camp where his army lay. While
this train was making its run all was anxiety in the war office.
Every telegraph station reported its progress to General Eckert,
and he to Secretary Stanton, who still lingered, that he might
know when Sheridan reached his destination.
AT harper's ferry.
Three hours passed — dull, anxious hours to those waiting,
every moment of which seemed laden with lead. Harper's-
Ferry at last reports Sheridan's arrival, and a fresh engine stood
ready to take him to Winchester — thirty miles up the valley.
Not a moment is hjst at the hamlet among the rocks, when Sher-
idan boards the waiting messenger, and an hour later word
speeds over the'^wires : "Sheridan just reached Winchester."
The run had been made in the quickest time ever known on the
road, and the worn and anxious officials at the war office
breathed a sigli of relief as the click of the telegraph announced
that the journey had been completed.
Eighteen, or perhaps twenty, miles of turnpike stretched
away up the charming valley that had been made desolate by
the torch and tramp of armies. As that charmit.g region, clad
in the garb of summer, lay between the mountains, its bright
colors reflected in the rays of beautiful sunshine, it was but a
sad reminder of the once great granary that for more than three
years of conflict had furnished untold supplies to the Confederate
army. Sheridan had laid it waste. He had clinched with and
beaten Early at Winchester, and while he was being carried with
all possible speed back to the scenes of his operations, the tide
of battle was ebbing and flowing upon a new field, and the fate
of the day hung trembling in the balance. For several weary,
•doubtful hours the two armies had been in deadly conflict.
When Sheridan arrived at Winchester the roar of artillery and
254 GREENE COUNTY- IN THE WAR.
the roll of musketry could be distinctly heard from the field of
carnage along Cedar Creek. Down the valley came the awful
din, echoing louder and louder through the still summer air as
the battle grew fiercer.
There was but short delay at Winchester, the chief town in
the lower valley. There Sheridan mounted his favorite war
horse, a large, beautiful, sinewy, black charger, who had borne
his master through the heat of many conflicts. He is dead now,
and his body has been preserved, that men yet to come may
see the animal whose endurance has been recorded in verse.
Through the town and out over the turnpike which leads up the
Shenandoah, Sheridan rode. Who, knowing tlie man, or aught
of his character, can not picture the restless rider urging his
horse to the best to reach the field where the fate of his army
was still pending in the hazard of war? He had only covered a
few miles, when the moving mass of debris, that always surges
to the rear of a battle-field, when the conflict is severe and
doubtful, met his trained eye, and told more plainly than words
what was going on in front. It was a signal of distress, and
none knew it better than he. The sight fired his heart anew,
and only added fresh impetus to his foaming horse. He reached
the field after a sleepless night and a terrific journey, and the
battle of Cedar Creek was won.
MR. Murdoch's letter.
This is the true story of Sheridan's ride — I might almost
say official story. If he did not stop to gather the stragglers, as
a poet's license has pictured, he did carry back the tide that was
floating to the rear, because his j^resence had given fresh stamina
to some wavering battalions. Th.e manner of the man, his dash
and courage, his reputation and successes, all combined to give
heart to thof^e who drifted l)ack, believing the battle had been lost.
ANECDOTES AND INCIDENTS. 255
I have been sitting face to face to day, the whole afternoon,
with the man who vouches for the above-written words. He is
a strong, positive character, just passing three score and ten years
crowded with wonderful experiences. As he told this story he
warmed with the fire of the event, and his blood was hot with
indignation, for he had just read a statement that Sheridan got
drunk at Winchester, and did not go to the battle field, where
the poet's ])en has pictured him.
" Ah, but I'll put an end to all cavil about this story," said
he, "what I have told you I got direcdy from General Eckert
himself, who sat with his hand on the key, arranged and watched
every stage of Sheridan's ride from Washington to Cedar Creek.
He now m mages the Western Union Telegraph Company, and
will bear witness to these facts. But I have a letter from Sheri-
dan. He and I were then, and are now, friends. When I
heard of the ride I wrote to ask him about it, and to inquire if I
had not ridden the same horse that carried him up the valley
while with him at Chattanooga. Mr. Murdoch soon found
among his papers the identical letter which General Sheridan
wrote in reply.
"I need not tell you how highly it is prized," said the
veteran, "for you will see how carefully it has been kept
through all these years."
Who is there who has read this country's history that
does not know James E. Murdoch — the actor, the reader, the
man. It is he who tells this story and furnishes this clinching
evidence of the truthful foundation of T. Buchanan Read's
poem. Thousands who have watched his matchless representa-
tion of Hamlet, or sat under the spell of his dramatic readings,
will be glad to know that, although he is passing seventy-three,
he is still in excellent health and spirits. He is a tall, robust
man, with a clean shaven face, that .shows the broad, distinct
lines of his strong; counten.mre to the best advantaiie. His
256 GREENE COUNTY IN THE WAR.
wealth of iron gray hair, and his general carriage, combine tO'
make him a very striking character.
"Although an old man when the war was going on, he
spent a great deal of time with the army, in connection with the
sanitary commission and in the hospitals. He was a favorite at
the head-quarters of many generals, and witnessed a great deal
of the inner features of army life.
THE POEM SUGGESTED.
The story of Sheridan's ride, above written, was but a
tithe of the good things he told me. The recital of this matter
naturally led up to all the incidents connected with it.
" I waii not with Sheridan," he said, *' at this time, but was
at the head-quarters of the Army of the Cumberland. Soon
after the battle of Cedar Creek I came up to Cincinnati, and
was visiting Mr. Cyrus Garrett, whom we called ' Old Cyclops.'
He was T. Buchanan Read's brother-in-law, and with him the
poet made his home. The ladies of Cincinnati had arranged to
give me a reception that finally turned into an ovation. Ihad
given a great many readings to raise funds to assist their Soldiers'
Aid Society, and they were going to present me with a silk flag.
Pike's Opera-house had been secured — the largest place of
amusement in the city — and they had made every arrangement
to have the reception a very dramatic event. The morning of
the day it was to take place Read and I were, as usual, taking
our breakfast late. We had just finished, but were still sitting
at the table chatting. Mr. Garrett, the brother-in-law, who was
a business man, and guided by business habits, came in while
we were thus lounging. He wore an air of impatience, and car-
ried a paper in his hand. He walked directly up to Read,
unfolded a copy of Harper's Weekly, and held it up before the
man so smgularly gifted as both poet and painter.
ANECDOTES AND INCIDENTS. 257
*'The whole front of the paper was covered with a striking
I)icture, representing Sheridan seated on his black horse, just
emerging from a cloud of dust that rolled up from the highway
as he dashed along, followed by a few troopers.
" 'There,' said Mr. Garrett, addressing Read, 'see what
you have missed You ought to have drawn that picture your-
self, and gotten the credit of it ; it is just in your line. The first
thing you know somebod}' will write a poem on that event, and
then you will be beaten all around.'
"Read looked at the picture rather quizzically, a look
which 1 interrupted by saying, ' Old Cyclops is right, Read, the
subject and the circumstance are worth a poem.'
"'Oh, no,' said Read, 'that theme has been written to
death. There is "Paul Revere's Ride," " Lochinvar,'' Tom
Hood's " Wild Steed of the Plains," and half a dozen other
poems of like character.'
" Filled with the idea that this was a good chance for the
gifted man, I said, ' Read, you are losing a great opportunity.
If I had such a poem to read at my reception to-night, it would
make a great hit.'
" ' But, Murdoch, you can't order a poem as you would a
coat. I can't write anything in a few hours that will do either
you or me any credit,' he replied rather sharply.
" I turned to him and said, ' Read, two or three thousand
of the warmest hearts in Cincinnati will be in Pike's Opera-house
tonight at that presentation. It will be a very significant nflair.
Now, you go and give me anything in rhyme, and I will give it
a deliverance before that splendid audience, and you can then
revise and polish it before it goes into print.' This view seemed
to strike him favorably, and he finally said, "Well! Well! We'll
see what can be done," and he went up stairs to his room.
258 GREENE COUNTY TN THE WAR.
THE POET AT WORK.
"A half hour later Hattie, his wife, a brilliant woman,
who is now residing in Philadelphia, came down and said :
" ' He wants a pot of strong tea. He told me to get it for
him, and then he would lock the door and must not be disturbed
unless the house was afire.'
" Time wore on, and in our talk on other matters in the
family circle we had almost forgotten the poet at work up stairs.
Dinner had been announced, and we were about to sit down
when Read came in and beckoned me to come. When I
reached the room he said :
" ' Murdoch, I think I have about what you want."
" He read it to me, and with an enthusiasm that surprised
him, 1 said :
" ' It is just the thing.'
" We dined; and at the proper time Read and T, with the
family, went to Pike's Opera-house. The building was crowded
in every part. Upon the stage were sitting two hundred maimed
soldiers, each with an arm or a leg off. General Joe Hooker
was to present me with the flag the ladies had made, and at the
time appointed we marched down the stage toward the foodiglus,
General Hooker bearing the flag, and I with my arm in his.
Such a storm of applause as greeted the appearance I never
heard, before or since. Behind and each side of us were the
rows of crippled soldiers; in front, the vast audience, cheering
to the echo. Hooker quailed before the warm reception, and,
growing nervous, said to me in an undertone :
" ' I can stand the storm of battle, but this is too much for
" ' I.eave it to me,' said I ; 'I am an old hand behind the
footlights. I will divert the strain from you.'
ANECDOTES AND INCIDENTS. 259
'' So, quickly I dropped upon my knee, took a fold of the
silken flag, and pressed it to my lips. This by-play created a
fresh storm of enthusiasm, but steadied Hooker, and he pre-
sented the flag very gracefully, which I accepted in fitting
" I then drew the poem Read had written from my pocket,
and, with proper introduction, began reading it to the audience.
The vast assemblage became as still as a church during prayer-
time, and I read the first three lines without a pause, and then
read the fourth :
" Under his spurning feet the road
Like an arrowy Alpine river flowed,
And the landscape bowed away behind,
Like an ocean dying before the wind ;
And the steed, like a bark fed with furnace-ire,
Swept on, with his wild eyes full of fire ;
But, lo ! he is nearing his heart's desire,
He is snuffing the smoke of the roaring fray,
With Sheridan only five miles away.
"As this verse was finished the audience broke into a
tumult of applause. Then I read, with all the spirit I could
" The first that the general saw were the groups
Of stragglers, and then the retreating troops ;
What was done — what to do — a glance told him both,
And, striking his spurs with a terrible oath.
He dashed down the lines 'mid a storm of hurrahs
And the wave of retreat checked its course there, because
The sight of the master compelled it to pause.
With foam and with dust the black charger was gray ;
By the flash of his eyes and his nostrils' play,
He seemed to the whole great army to say,
' I have brought you Sheridan all the way
From Winchester town to save the day.'
260 GREENE COUNTY IN THE WAR.
''The sound of my voice uttering the last word had not
died away when cheer after cheer went up from the great con-
course that shook the building to its very foundation. Ladies
waved their handkerchiefs and men their hats, until worn out
with the fervor of the hour. They then demanded the author's
name, and I pointed to Read, who was sitting in a box, and he
acknowledged the verses. In such a setting, and upon such an
occasion as I have been able only faintly to describe to you, the
poem of Sheridan's ride was given to the world. It was written
in about three hours, and not a word was ever changed after I
read it from the manuscript, except by the addition of the third
verse, which records the fifteen mile stage of the ride :
" But there's a road from Winchester town,
'A good, broad highway, leading dovn ;
And there, through the flash of the morning light,
A steed as black as the steeds of night
Was seen to pass as with eagle flight ;
As if he knew the terrible need,
He stretched away with the utmost speed ;
Hills rose and fell — but his heart was gay,
With Sheridan fifteen miles away.
"This Mr. Read wrote while on his way, shortly after I
first read the poem, to attend a birthday reception to William
"Mr. Read read the poem, thus completed, at Mr.
Bryant's birthday party. The great old man listened to every
line of it, and then, taking the younger poet by the hand, said,
with great warmth ;
*' ' That poem will live as long as Lochinvar.' "
ANECDOTES AND INCIDENTS. 261
THE LAST PAGEANT.
No army in history has had a more brilliant career than tha*
commanded by General Sherman, which appeared in the closing
pageant of the war. Crossing the line between loyal and rebel
territory at the extreme northwestern boundary, they marched
through every insurgent state and capital in the trans-Mississippi,
and sweeping round like a terrible cyclone to the northeastern
limits of the Confederacy, literally crushed slavery, state rights
and secession before them. The tremendous enthusiasm which
greeted their appearance all along the rouie of march, showed
how greatly their countrymen appreciated their worth and serv-
ices. In imagination they once more saw these stalwart braves
storming the hostile works at Donelson, Vicksburg, and Chatta-
nooga, wrestling with the foe upon the crimson fields of Pitts-
burg Landing, Murfreesboro, Corinth, Perryville, luka, and
Chickamauga, and once more executing that historical campaign
which resulted in the overthrow of the Richmond of the west.
How vividly must a sight of the war-worn heroes recall the
incidents of that eventful hundred days; the weary march from
Dalton, the successful flanking of the stronghold at Dalton, the
gallant dash through Buzzard Roost Gap and Allatoona Pass,
the heroic but unsuccessful charge upon the beetling crags of
Kenesaw, and the fierce and bloody contests south of the Chat-
COMES MARCHING HOME.
How the nation was electrified with joy by the announce-
ment upon that memorable Saturday morning that Sherman's
soldiers, after fighting by day and marching by night during
nearly four months time, and over a distance of one hundred and
thirty eight miles, traversing dense thickets, surmounting rocky
ledges and fording treacherous streams, had at last reached the
goal of their hopes and unfurled their banners over the Gate City !
262 GREENE COUNTY IN THE WAR.
Accompanying General Sherman, whose pathway was strewn
with flowers, rode the fiery Logan and the unassuming Howard,
the Havelock of the war, who, after a long absence, had returned
to greet his old brigade of the Second Corps, which he had led
from Fair Oaks to Antietara. Following them marched the
Fifteenth Corps, Sherman's original command, which won such
golden laurels from Chickasaw Bayou to Jonesboro. Then came
the heroes of the Seventeenth Corps, whose record from Shiloh
to Bentonville is not less glorious.
Next in order followed the Twentieth, Hooker's former
command, composed of the Eleventh and Twelfth corps, which
made the extraordinary journey from the Rapidan to Chatta-
nooga, when they went to the relief of Rosencranz, which after-
ward stormed Lookout and carried Resaca, wiping out the stain
of Chancellorsville, exhibiting equal courage and skill with their
western comrades all the way to Goldsboro, and furnishing
commanders for both the array of Tennessee and Georgia,
Howard of Maine, and Slocum of New York. Last of all came
the gallant boys of the Fourteenth, who, partaking of the spirit
of their corps commander — Thomas — planted themselves like
a wall before the pursuers at Chickamauga, and held the impetu-
ous foe at bay until McCook and Crittenden could rally their
HAIL TO THE CHIEF I
As General Sherman passed the multitude of spectators sent
up shouts that must have made his heart leap, and the enthusiasm
increased as he approached the presidential stand. He "rode
up with the light of batde in his face," holding his hat and his
bridle-rein in his left hand, and saluting with the good sword in
his right hand, his eyes fixed upon his commander-in-chief. His
horse, decked with flowers, seemed to be inspired with the spirit
ANECDOTES AND INCIDENTS. 263
of the occasion, and appeared anxious to "keep step to the
music of the union."
After passing the reviewing officer. General Sherman
wheeled to the left, dismounted, and joined the reviewing party,
where he was greeted by Governor Dennison, of Ohio. He
shook hands cordially with President Johnson and General
Grant, but when Secretafy Stanton advanced, with outstretched
hand, he remarked, •' 1 do not care to shake hands with clerks,"
and turned away. Never was there a more complete "cut
direct "'" than was given by the central figure of that grand
pageant, whose brain and hand had guided that vast multitude
of stalwart braves, leading them to victory, glory, and final
The trooi3s marched by divisions of two companies front,
and the men appeared in good trim. It was generally remarked
that they displayed a fine physique, and had apparendy profited
from their foraging among the fat turkeys of Georgia. Their
faces were finely bronzed, and they marched with a firm, elastic
step, that seemed capable of carrying them straight to Canada,
or, by a flank movement, to Mexico, in a short space of time.
BUMMERS AND NEGROES.
Any representation of Sherman's army would have been
incomplete which omitted the notorious "bummers."' At the
end of General Blair's corps appeared the most ludicrous, and
at the same time the most interesting, scene ever witnessed in
connection with any army. Tlie brigade of black servants,
attended by the guards of ihe small baggage-train, were preceded
by two diminutive donkeys, astride of which were two equally
diminutive darkies, whose self-complacency was only equaled by
the imperturbable animals under them.
Then came the strangest huddle of animation — canine,
bovine, and human — that ever civilian beheld, but which has
264 GREENE COUNTY IN THE WAR.
been common enough in Georgia — mules, asses, horses, colts,
cows, sheep, pigs, goats, raccoons mounted on mules, chickens,
dogs led by negroes blacker than Erebus. Every beast of bur-
den was loaded to its capacity with tents, baggage, knapsacks,
hampers, paniers, boxes, valises, kettles, pots, pans, dishes, demi-
johns, bird cages, cradles, mirrors, fiddles, clothing, picaninnies,
and an occasional black woman.
In effect Sherman gave us a sample of his army as it ap-
peared on the march through the Carol inas. He was, in fact,
moving to another camp, and the day's display was a perfect
picture of his progress, only more orderly, and no foraging.
Some of the negroes appeared to have three days' rations in
their ample pouches, and ten days more on the animals they led.
The fraternity was complete ; the goats, dogs, mules, and horses
were already veterans in the field, and trudged along as if the
brute world were nothing but a vast march with a daily camp.
Thus we were shown how Sherman was enabled to live upon the
The evening papers contained a letter from General Sher-
man which threw some light on the studied insult paid by him to
Stanton. After alluding to newspaper reports about his conduct,
he said, "Well, you know what importance I attach to such
matters, and that I have been too long fighting with real rebels
with muskets in their hands to be scared by mere non-combatants,
no matter how high their civil rank or station. It is amusing to
observe how brave and firm some men become when all danger
is past. I have noticed on fields of battle brave men never
insult the captured or mutilate the dead; but cowards and lag-
gards always do. I can not now recall the act, but Shakespeare
records how poor Falstaff, the prince of cowards and wits, rising
from a figured death, stabbed again the dead Percy, and carried
ANECDOTES AND INCIDENTS. 265
the carcass aloft in triumph to prove his valor. So now, when
the rebellion in our land is dead, many Falstaffs appear to-,
brandish the evidence of their valor, and seek to win applause,-
and to appropriate honors for deeds that never were done. As
to myself, I ask no popularity, no reward; but 1 dare the war
department to publish my official reports. I assert that my
official reports have been purposely suppressed, while all the
power of the press has been malignantly turned against me."
HOW JOHNNY REB HELPED CATCH A PIG.
The incident I am about to relate happened down in the
wilds of West Virginia. I was a member of that glorious old
Thirty-second Ohio Volunteer Infantry, which was noted for its
good fighting and for its good, religious men. Now, I am not
going to say whether I was very religious or not. I will leave
that for some one else to say. Self-praise is worse than none;,
but I will say that, just before going into battle, that little prayer
my mother taught me, "Now I lay me down to sleep,'' would
come up in my mind. My face would grow long, and my
mouth would open to pray; and then the Lincoln green, or
tobacco, would pop from my beautiful mouth to mother earth,
and I would resolve never to chew any more. About that time
some comrade would say, "What's the matter, Turk?'' This
would break the spell, and then I would forget my praying, shut
my eyes, and "go it blind." This I write for the young genera-
tion, not for the old soldiers, for they know how they felt — the
same as I did, I suppose.
After the battle of Cross Keys, where General Fremont
pounded old Stonewall and sent him flying down towards Rich-
mond to lick General Mc , General Fremont took a notion
that he would cut across lots and head Stonewall off at Straw-
266 GREENE COUNTY IN THE WAR.
burg. Orders were very strict to '-keep in ranks and not touch
anything." Grub was very scarce, and I, being hke the animal
1 was named after, always hungry, got to hankering after meat,
either chicken or hog. I had a chum who was a praying man,
and he could be trusted; so 1 told him my heart's desire. He
<:)pened his mouth and gave me very good counsel. Said he,
" If you can only play off sick, and drop down, I can get leave
of the captain to stay by you till the ambulances come up ; and
while they are coming up we will hide in the bushes and wait
until they go past."
I watched my chance to get sick. Along towards evening
I was taken violently sick. Down I went. My chum was left
with me, and my captain took my gun. We lay there until the
regiment passed us; then we hid behind some bushes until the
rear guard passed; then we started for "chicken or hog." We
saw a large house a mile or so off on the road, so v\'e started for
We got within twenty yards of the house, when my pard
said, '* Turk, you go up to the house and ask for alms, while I
stay and pray for the good of the mission." I told him to keep
his gun in his hand and watch while he prayed. I went up to
the house, and, without ceremony, opened the door. No one
was in the room, \^'ent into another room, and saw a man slide
in under the bed. I said to him, " Come out, pard, and give
me something to eat, or I will search the house." He said there
was nothing to eat in the house. By this time he saw that I had
no gun, and he got terribly bold, called me a "darned Yank,"
and told me to "git" or he would let his bull-dog loose, and he
would eat me up, as he had a good mouth for thieves.
I told him not to do anything of that kind ; that I had no
gun, and was a sick soldier, and only wanted a good-sized pig
or a dozen chickens. He said he had no chickens, but he had
a pi^ I was welcome to if I could catch it. " But/' said he.
ANECDOTES AND INCIDENTS. 267
"remember, I will set the dog on you if you try to get the
hog." Says I, " We're out of meat, and I must have that pig."
I bade him good-day, and started to where my chum w^s
praying in the fence-corner. When 1 said we could have a pig
if we could catch it, he said, "Glory! my prayer has been
answered, and we will soon have him.'' He stripped for the
race. I took the gun, and told chum to take a good one, and
away we went. Johnny Reb saw we were after his hogs, and
he let the dog loose, and it came running down, he yelling for
"Bull" to "take him." 1 broke and ran after my chum and
the hog, hallooing. "Sic! sic! whoop!" Old Bull came tear-
ing past me and chum, and caught the largest hog by the ear
and held him till chum cut his throat.
By this time old Johnny had got within fifty yards of us.
He was swearing terribly at the trick we had played on him and
Bull. I brought the gun up to a "ready," and told him to
"halt! *' — that he had given mc the hog if I could get it, and
now we had it. I gave the command for him to "about face"
and "march," and told him if he turned his head to see which
way we went I would shoot him. We gave old Bull the head
and all we could not carry away, for his share.
Arriving safe in camp, chum gave the captain a good mess
of meat, and reported me better. I took a large piece for my
supper, and in the morning felt " like the morning star."
INTERESTING LETTER FROM AN EX-RSBEL.
I was a soldier on the Confederate side, a member of
Company E, Fourth Texas Regiment, Hood's Brigade, Army
of Northern Virginia. 1 left the town with the first company
that went from here to the army, and was one of tlie last to get
back ; and I was severely wounded three times.
268 GREENE COUNTY IN THE WAR,
Well, it is all over now ; and here in Texas the old soldiers
of both sides live side by side, trade and barter with each other,
marry into each others' families, and "fight their battles o'er
again" without ever a hard word or thought between them. I
heard the remark made the other day, and by an ex-Confederate,
too, that if there had been as many running North and South in
1861 as there are now, war between the two sections would have
been impossible. His idea was that since we travel more we are
better acquainted. I have never met a Union soldier who was
not willing to admit that we fought well. And fight we did, for
we fought for what we believed to be a righteous cause. Moth-
ers sent their sons to battle, and wives their husbands ; but our
men needed no urging. They went willingly. We fought for a
cause that we loved dearer than life; and we held out longer
than hope lasted— held out till in reaHty ours'was a lost cause
and a conquered banner. But every true soldier fully accepts
the result of the war, and desires no more conflict. Yet the
beautiful lines of Father Ryan find an echo in every Confederate
soldier's heart :
" Furl that banner — furl it slowly ;
Furl it gently, it is holy,
For it droops above the dead.
What though conquered, we adore it,
Love the cold, dead hands that bore it,
Wept for those who fell before it,
Prayed for those who trailed and tore it.
Oh ! how wildly we deplore it,
Now to furl and fold it so."
Is there a Union soldier who would have us feel otherwise?
The memory of our deeds of daring is all we have left us of the
struggle. Our hardships are forgotten. Whatever bitterness
we may have felt when the result of the struggle was first known
has passed away, and our deeds upon the field, and the fun
ANECDOTES AND INCIDENTS. 269
around the camp fire and on the march, remain as our only
memories. Would any brave man who met us on the field,
where we stood face to face, pouring our vollies of lead and iron
into each others' ranks, begrudge us this ? I know they would
I was a prisoner of war nine months, and, like the gliost in
Hamlet, "1 could a tale unfold" of hardship and suffering
while in actual prison ; but I do not care to do it. I would
rather remember the kindness with which I was treated while in
the hospital ; for 1 was severely wounded when captured, and
until I got well of my wounds I was well treated — and there let
the record stop. I will contribute one anecdote, and then
Upon one occasion we were near the enemy, on picket
duty, and about dark we got to calling over to each other. One
of our men and one of the other side got up quite a conversa-
tion, and inquired each others' names. I will call our man Jim
Brown, and the Union soldier John Smith. After considerable
conversation, Jim asked John if he had any coffee. He said,
'' Yes.'*' Jim said, " All right. Put on a big pot, for I will be
over in the morning after some." "All right," said John, "I
will have the coffee ready; and you bring along some tobacco."
Well, just before daylight we moved out, made a dash, and cap-
tured the whole party ; and as soon as we got there Jim halloed
for John, and said he had brought the tobacco and had come for
his coffee. John said that was "a. h — 1 of a time in the morn-
ing to be calling for coffee. Why didn't he wait till a man could
get up and make a fire ? " But they divided coffee and tobacco.
F. M. Makeig.
270 GREENE COUNTY IN THE WAR.
A LITTLE GAME OF EUCHRE — AND BLUFF.
While we were on the campaign from Murfreesboro to
Chattanooga, we rested for a short time on what we called
University Mountain. Whether that was the real name or not,
I do not know. It was in July, 1863, and there were plenty of
blackberries and huckleberries inside of our lines — for a time,
though, they soon disappeared, as everything generally did
where there was a camp, especially eatables. One comrade of
our company, James White, was a pretty good judge of commis-
sary corn-juice; and when he had a good ration of it aboard he
would lengthen his name by adding " L. J. Parsons, son of the
Well, Jim and I concluded we would take a walk into the
country, but 'had no pass, and thought one was not absolutely
necessary, as I knew of a good place to get through the lines
without being seen by the pickets. Taking my old musket, and
a few rounds of cartridges in my pocket, off we started. After
getting outside the picket-line all right, we headed for a corn-
juice factory, about six miles distant. After tramping about half
the distance, we discovered, on a little raise in the road, a man
sitting on a horse ; and from the looks of him we concluded we
had gone far enough in that direction. As soon as he discovered
us he fell back over the hill, out of sight. We took advantage
of his movement, and retreated about a mile and a half.
The road being clear behind us, as far as we could see, we
thought it was too early to return to camp ; so we made a flank
movement to the right, and into the brush, where we skirmished
around about an hour. Then we heard an old rooster crow, a
short distance ahead of us. Jim looked at me, and I looked at
Jim. Then we held a council, and decided to attack the rooster
at once, and accordingly ordered an advance, which was very
tedious, on account of the brush being so thick. We soon came
ANECDOTES AND INCIDENTS. 271
to an opening, with a road running alongside of it. On the
other side of the road was fence, and just beyond the fence a
house, surrounded by a few shade trees.
We kept up our advance, and just as we were chmbing over
the fence we discovered four men, with the butternut clothes on,
playing euclue under one of the trees between us and the house ;
but they had no arms in sight, nor did they appear to notice us.
Jim says, '' What will we do ? " I said we must bluff them if
we could, as we had gone too far to retreat with safety. We
walked uj) to them, apparently watching the game, but thinking
ot a different game from euclire. I said to Jim, •' Aint it time
the other boys were here?" He said he thought so. Just then
a laJy came to the door. 1 asked if she could get dinner for six
of us fellows. She said she reckoned she could. I told her we.
would "pay her what was right. In a very short time she said
dinner was ready, so Jim and I marched into the house, but took
our seats where w^e could keep an eye on the lads under the
shade tree, and kept the old musket handy.
The dinner was good, but we soon got all of it that we
wanted, and, paying the woman fifty cents, we assured her that
the other four would be there soon, and we went back to watch
the game a few minutes, asking each other, every few minutes,
" why the boys didn't come ! " We kept edging around until we
got close to the fence, which we were not slow to get over, and
into the brush ; and 1 think we measured off about a mile before
we halted, and that mile was in the opposite direction from
camp, because if they followed us they would most likely hunt for
us in the opposite direction from which we were. Who those
fellows were we never knew. If they were not rebel soldiers
they acted very strangely; and if they were, it was strange they
did not take us in. But when we saw them there we gave up.
the idea of attacking that fellow hat was crowing.
Palmyra, Nebrask?. G. W. PETERSON.
"272 GREENE COUNTY IN THE WAR.
"TO H— L MIT DE GRAND ROUNDS."
I enlisted in Company A. Fifth Michigan Cavalry, July
18, 1862. We were sent to Camp Banks, Detroit, and there
drilled until October. In our regiment, the members of Com-
pany F were all Dutch, and r.mong tliem were some who were
very slow and backward in learning the drill ; consetjuently the
drill-master used to take them out by themselves and drill extra.
Still, there were some who seemed almost dumb, and could not
remember to salute the different officers according to their rank.
One night there was one of them on guard duty around camp.
After he had stood it as it seemed to him a long time, he begin
to think the relief-guard would soon be along and he would be
relieved. He soon heard the clatter of sabers, and then he was
sure he would soon be in his bunk for four hours' rest. Finally
they came to the proper distance, and he said, "Halt!' Who
comes there?" The reply was, "Grand Rounds.'' Says he,
''Advance, Grand Rounds, and give the countersign."
The officer of the day saw at once that it was one of those
Dutchmen who could not remember the drill; so he motioned to
the men to stay there while he advanced. As he came up, the
vide'tte was very awkward in giving any kind of a salute, with
no pretense of the right one; so he said, " Haven't you been
here lately, to learn the drill, so as to know how to salute the
officer of the day properly?" "Yes, I vas here." "Well,"
said the officer, " you don't seem to understand it. Now I pro-
pose that we change places for a short time ; you be officer of
the day, and I'll stand in your place. You approach, and take
notice of how I present arms ; then try and remember it accor-
dingly." Poor Dutchy gave up his gun; the officer took it, ran
to the guard-house, returned with an extra guard, and placed
him on the vacant post. Poor Dutchy was pricked for extra
ANECDOTES AND INCIDENTS. 273
Well, in a few days it came his turn to go on guard-duty
again. He thought he would not be caught for anything, for he
had taken pains to salute the officer of the day in the meantime.
So in the night he stood a long time on post. He began to
think his trick must be about up. Finally he says to himself,
*' It can't be more than five minutes before it is time for the
relief. I guess the Grand Rounds ain't going to come." Soon
afterward he heard the old, familiar jingle of s ibers. Says he,
" There is the relief. Halt! Who comes there?"' Promptly
came .the answer, " The Grand Rounds." "To h — 1 mit (^e
Grand Rounds! I taut it vas de relief guards. "
All old soldiers will know what was done with poor Dutchy
then ; but let me add that when we got to the front Company F
was as good a fighting company as there was in the Fifth Michi-
gan Cavalry. For a long time afterwards, if anything went
different in camp with the boys from what they expected, it
would be, "To h — 1 mit de Grand Rounds! I taut it vas de
relief-guards." A. Smith.
A MEMORY OF WILMINGTON.
I will try and give you a history of something that I saw at
AVilmington, North Carolina. As we approached the city the
Johnnies were getting ready to move — I suppose to make room
for us Yankees. They finally got in such a big hurry that they
left a few thousand pounds of tobacco. This we took right in
out of the wet, and we moved on up to the barracks. Before
we had time to look around there was a detail made to hunt
around and see how many of our men there were left. We
found twelve men lying out in front of the barracks, who had
been starved to death. The}^ were lying in the hot sun, some
with their mouths wide open, and others with eyes open, and
the gray-backs crawling down their throats.
274 GREENE COUNTY IN THE WAR.
Others were found inside of the quarters, perfectly helpless.
But, thank the Lord! there was a lady there who had a heart in
her, for she told me she had been there all night, caring for
those men. She went and begged something for them to eat,
and some coffee. She was a noble lady. May the Lord bless
While we were on duty at this place there were some seven
thousand of our men there who had been prisoners for some
months. They were a horrible sight to behold — some without
hats or caps, boots or shoes, some without shirts, some with
pants having one leg torn off; no shirts on the half of them ;
dirty and ragged as could be. After starving those men in that
manner, who can have the cheek to tell us " The war is over —
we should forget and forgive!" I say. No; never c^m 1 forget
or forgive anyone, it matters not who, who did it. We should
not only remember them ourselves, but tejch our children and
children's children to watch them. They are not to be trusted
in any way, shape, or form.
For those twelve men I spoke of, whom we found in the
hot sun, we dug a grave, and put them in side by side, as best
we could, spread their old blankets over them, and covered them
over, and left them, without even a shingle or anything to show.
But this was the best we could do for them.
J. c. p.
During a recent conversation, V. K. Stevenson, jr., one of
our most enterprising real estate men, said :
" When the war broke out I was a small boy, and was sent
to the Confederate West Point at Marietta, Georgia, where we
had about six hundred cadets. My father subscribed to one
ANECDOTES AND INCIDENTS. 275
hundred thousand dollars of the Confederate loan at par. He
lost all his negroes, and I am glad of it. Although I was on
the opposite side, I am perfectly satisfied with the result; and
so is everybody else of good sense that I have talked to. Our
ladies in the South were so gallant for the war that they really
made me believe I could go out with a wheat straw and whip
every invader across the lines. My grandfather, after the Fed-
erals got into Chattanooga, became so patriotic that he wrote my
father a letter that I ought to be taken out of the the military
school and sent to the battlefield. My father merely inclosed
the letter to me without any remark, and thereupon I went to
the commandant of the academy and asked my discharge, as I
was going to enlist in the ranks to be sent to the front. I
enlisted in an Irish regiment entirely composed of railroad
laborers, and we started for the battlefield of Chickamauga in
boxcars, every soldier being possessed of a canteen filled with
New Orleans rum. You can imagine what a diabolical scene
was in that car, fighting all the way along; but I was regarded
as quite a young hero. We had a terrible battle, and in the
excitement had no time to think. It got out, however, who my
father was, and I was put on the staff of a man named Benton
Smith, who was only twenty-three years old, and a creneral.'^
"Benton Smith," resumed Mr. Stevenson, "being called
the boy general, concluded that he must have a staff entirely of
boys. He was a prodigy of audacity and courage, but his high
nervous nature at last wore him out, and not long ago he was a
lunatic in a padded cell in Tennessee. He always kept his
aides right up to the front, and I saw that unless something hap-
pened I should be shot. Just before the big battle at Atlanta,
where McPherson was killed, Smith's brigade was re-inforced by
a Georgia regiment nearly a thousand strong. I went to a hos-
pital the morning of that battle, where I saw a pile of legs and
arms amputated, and it made me sick at the stomach, beino-
276 GREENE COUNTY IN THE WAR.
quite another lesson of the war, and finding one of our aides
with several canteens of peach-brandy, I asked him to let me
have some to settle my stomach, and drank the whole of it.
Smith then ordered me to lead the Georgia regiment into the
battle. I was blind drunk, and charged my horse right over the
Federal ramparts. He had both eyes shot out and both knees
broken, and c^s I went up the rampart I could hear the Yankees
cry all down the line, ' Don't shoot that boy ! ' My life was
really saved by my youth. It was that charge, as I have under-
stood," said Mr. Stevenson, "which led to McPherson's death.
I was twice promoted for gallantry on the battlefield, and upon
my soul it was nothing but that peach-brandy." — Gath, in New
SOME OF THE AMENITIES OF CAMP LIFE.
There was a man in Company , of a certain Ohio regi-
ment, who had a tremendous big nose. He was laughed at
continually. On Sunday morning he would get ready to take a
shave. He had a small looking-glass, which he would hang up
against a tree, and then, after lathering his face, he would seize
his razor in his right hand and his nose in his left. About this
time fifty or more boys, who were watching, would burst out
laughing, and, oh, how mad "Nosey" would .get ! Afterwards
I was told by a soldier that he and this man were captured
together. He said they were taken to the rear, and the Johnnies
put our big-nosed comrade upon a stump and gathered around
him. They would look and laugii, and laugh and look. Fi-
nally they said it was no'use for the Yanks to deny having horns,
for they had now secured a specimen — one who had a horn in
the middle of his face.
Just before the battle at Nashville, Tennessee, in December,
1864, two comrades fell out — Charlie and Henry .
ANECDOTES AND INCIDENTS. 277
Both were big, stout, burly fellows. Charlie was said to be the
stoutest man in the regiment, but he would rather eat than fight.
It was supper-time, and Charlie was sitting down editing his
supper, when Henry came round and began quarreling with
him. Charlie quarreled back, but kept on eating. Quite a
crowd soon collected, expecting every minute to see a champion
fight. Henry abused Charlie terribly. Charlie would sit there
and say, "Just go on, Henry, till I get done eating, and I'll
fight you!" But the more Henry cursed him the hungrier
Charlie seemed to get. The boys persuaded Henry to go off, as
they wanted Charlie to get done in time to be mustered out wnth
his regiment! It was, no doubt, a fine tiling for Henry that
Charlie's appetite was so good, for the writer had seen C^iarhe
fight before then, when his appetite wasn't half so good, and he
was a bad one.
There was a comrade in a certain regiment who was a one-
horse preachet before the war. After getting into camp, some
of his boys said he captured their coffee-pot one night The
chaplain of the regiment got up a pretty big revival in the regi-
ment, and this brother made himself very conspicuous. The
boys liked their chaplain, and behaved very well till this man
would begin to talk or pray; then they would yell out all ovej
camp, " Dig him a coffee-pit! " and the poor fellow would have
CAPTURED BY A SLAVE.
During the early part of the summer of 1863 we were doing
duty at Donaldsonville, Louisiana, and the rebels were scouting
and firing on the passing steamers up the Mississippi River.
One day a rebel lieutenant got separated from his command, and
he pressed a slave as a guide through a large wooded territory in
our front. Everything went along to his satisfaction until they
278 GREENE COUNTY IN THE WAR.
were near our front, when the negro suddenly turned on the
rebel, took his arms from him, dismounted him, and pointed for
our post, threatening him with all kinds of death if he looked
back. He marched him in, and delivered the prisoner up to
our commanding officer.
The lieutenant was terribly frightened, but felt much better
when he was safe in our hands; and the slave was elated to
think he was able to do something for the suppression of the
rebellion and for his own liberty. 1 asked the negro if he would
have killed the reb. "Lor! Massa, no. I would not have
hurt a hair on his wicked head, only I wanted to let him know I
was boss just then." These people knew what the war was
about^ and they had an idea what its ending would be if the
rebellion had succeeded ; and I wish that they were as well
treated, North and South, by all the people, as they deserve,
H. S. Archer.
THE WAGON-LOAD OF BREAD.
A party of soldiers, durir.g the late civil war, found them-
selves, one night, on a battlefield in charge of a great many
wounded soldiers, who, by reason of the sudden retreat of the
army, were left wholly without shelter or supplies. Having
done their best for the poor fellows —bringing them water from
a distant brook, and searching the haversacks of the dead for
rations — they began to say to themselves and to one another,
"These weak and wounded men must have food or they will
die. The army is out of reach, and there is no village for many
miles ; what are we to do? "
" Pray to God to send us bread," said one.
That nigfet, in the midst of the dead and dying, they held a
little prayer-meeting, telling the Lord all about the case, and
ANECDOTES AND INCIDENTS. 279
begging him to send them bread immediately; though from
whence it could come they had not the most remote idea. All
nigit long they plied their work for mercy. With the first ray
of dawn the sound of an approaching wagon caught their ears;
and presently, through the mists of the morning, appeared a
great Dutch farm wagon, ])iled to the very top with loaves of
On asking the driver where he came from, and who sent
him, he replied : " When I went to bed last night I knew that
the army was gone, and I could not sleep for thinking of the
poor fellows who always have to stay behind. Something
seemed to say to me : ' What will those poor fellows do for
something to eat?' It came to me so strong that I waked up
my old wife, and told her what was the matter. We had only a
little bread in the house ; and while my wife was making some
more I took my team and went round to all my neighbors,
making them get up and give me all the bread in their houses,
telling them it was for the wounded soldiers on the battlefield.
When I got home my wagon was full. My wife piled her bak-
ing on the top, and I started off to bring the bread to the boys,
feeling just as if the Lord himself were sending me." — Kind
I belonged to what the Third Iowa boys would call the
*' Butter Regiment." They will remember what a fight we had
in the peach orchard at Shiloh. The Third Iowa was on our
right, and the Forty-first Illinois on our left. Colonel Pugh
•commanded our brigade. 1 should like to shake hands with the
boys of the old Third.
I guess they will all recollect when we were on the march
from Memphis to Bolivar, Tennessee, some of the boys of the
280 GREENE COUNTY IN THE WAR.
Third captured a keg of butter ; and our captain, being officer
of the day, thought it his duty to recapture the butter, taking
into consideration that it was something to eat, and the men
were not used to such fare. But I guess the boys got the best
of the joke at last; for, upon examining the butter, they found
wool in it. I suppose the wool was put into the butter to hold
it together, as it was in a warm country. I never found out
exactly what kind of wool it was, but we can guess.
THE COLONEL HELPED.
Our regiment was introduced to the music at Fort Donelson
on the morning of February 13, 1862. Late that afternoon the
rain commenced falling, and we were not allowed to kindle any
fire. Our colonel took a cold lunch, and said he would "rough
it" with the boys. We all lay down together, and about four
inches of snow fell on us that night. The next night the colonel
said we would have a fire if the Johnnies did shell us, and, laying
off his coat, he helped us to make a log-heap, and you can bet
we were glad to have a fire to lie beside that night.
But, boys, that was not going to last long. You know how
that was ; and you know how it was going up that hill, over that
down timber. Our colonel, with hat in one hand and sword in
the other, led the way, shouting, "Come on, boys! Gad!
we've got them." And so we had them; but all who went in
did not come out as they went in.
W. S. Hawley.
ANECDOTES AND INCIDENTS. • 281
THE DRUMMER BOY OF MISSION RIDGE.
THE SERGEANT'S STORY.
IIY KATE I5ROWNLEE SHERWOOD.
[To John S. Kounlz, Commander of the Department of Ohio, Grand
Army of the Republic, tliis story of his experience at Mission Ridge,
while serving as drummer boy of the Thirty-seventh Ohio Volunteer
Infantry — the story being that of the sergeant who bore him from the
field — is dedicated, as a slight testimonial to his courage on the field of
battle, and his fidelity to the veteran's bond of union, "Fraternity,
Charity, and Loyalty."]
Did ever you hear of the Drummer Boy of Mission Ridge, who lay
With his face to the foe, 'neath the enemy's guns, in the charge of that
terrible day ?
They were firing above him and firing below, and the tempest of shot
Was raging like death, as he moaned in his pain, by the breastworks
where he fell.
We had burnished our muskets and filled our canteens, as we waited for
orders that morn —
Who knows when the soFdier is dying of thirst, where the wounded are
wailing forlorn.'* —
When forth from the squad that was ordered back from the burst of that
Our Drummer Boy came, and his face was aflame with the light of a
"Go back with your corps," our colonel had said; but he waited the
He might follow the ranks and shoulder a gun with the best of us bearded
And so, when the signals from old Fort Wood set an army of veterans
He flung down his drum, which spun down the hill like the ball of a
282 . GREENE COUNTY IN THE WAR.
And so he fell in with the foremost ranks of brave old Company G,
As we charged by the flank, with our colors ahead, and our columns
closed up like a V,
In the long, swinging lines of that splendid advance, when the flags of
our corps floated out,
Like the ribbons that dance in the jubilant lines of the march of a gala-
He charged with the ranks, though he carried no gun, for the colonel had
said him nay, .
And he breasted the blast of the bustling guns, and the shock of the sick-
ening fray ;
And when by his side they were falling like hail, he sprang to a comrade
And shouldered his musket and bore it as true as the hand that was dead
'Twas dearly we loved him, our Drummer Boy, with a fire in his bright,
That flashed forth a spirit too great for his form, he only was just so
As tall, perhaps, as your little lad, who scarcely reaches your shoulder —
Though his heart was the heart of a veteran then, a trifle, it may be, the
He pressed to the front, our lad So leal, and the works were almost won,
A moment more and our flags had swung, o'er the muzzle of murderous
But a raking fire swept the van and he fell 'mid the wounded and the
With his wee, wan face turned up to Him who leeleth His children's
Again and again our lines fell back, and again with shivering shocks
They flung themselves on the rebels' works, as the fleet on the jagged
To be crushed and broken and scattered amain, as the wrecks of the surg-
Where none may rue and none may reck of aught that has human form.
ANECDOTES AND INCIDENTS. 283
So under the Ridge we were flying for the order to charge again,
And we counted our comrades missing, and we counted our comrades slain ;
And one said, "Johnnie, our Drummer Boy, is grievously shot and lies
Just under the enemy's breastworks ; if left on the field he dies."
Then all the blood that was in me surged up to my aching brow ;
And my heart leaped up like a ball in my throat, I can feel it even now;
And I swore I would bring that boy from the field, if God would spare
If all the guns on Mission Ridge should thunder the threat of death.
I crept and crept up the ghastly Ridge, by the wounded and the dead,
With the moans of my comrades right and left, behind me and yet ahead,
Till I came to the form of our Drummer B)y. in his blouse of dusty blue,
With his face to the foe, 'neath the enemy's guns, wliere the blast of the
And his gaze as he met my own, God wot, would have melted a heart of
As he tried like a wounded bird to rise, aiid placed his hand in my own ;
So wan and faint, with his ruby-red blood, drank deep by the pitiless
While his breast with its fleeting, fluttering breath, throbbed painfully
slow and hard.
And he said in a voice half-smothered, though its whispering thrills me yet,
" I think in a moment more that I would have stood on that parapet,
For my feet have trodden life's rugged ways, and I have been used to
Where some of the boys have slipped, I know, but I never missed a time.
But now I nevermore will climb, and sergeant, when you see *
The men go up those breastworks there, just stoop and waken me;
For though I can not niake the charge, and join the cheers that rise,
I may forget my pain to see the old flag kiss the skies. "
Well, it was hard to treat him so, his poor limb shattered sore,
But I raised him to my shoulder, and to the surgeon bore,
And the boys who saw us coming each gave a shout of joy,
Though some in curses clothed their prayers for him, our Drummer Boy.
284 GREENE COUNTY IN THE WAR.
When sped the news that " Fighting Joe" had saved the Union right,
With his legions fresh from Lookout ; and that Thomas massed his might
And forced the rebel center; and our cheering ran like wild ;
And Sherman's heart was happy as the heart of a little child ;
When Grant from his lofty outlook saw our flags by the hundred fly,
Along the shores of Mission Ridge, where'er he cast his eye ;
And our Drummer Boy heard the* news, and knew the mighty battle done^
The valiant contest ended, and the glorious victory won ;
Then he smiled in all his agony, beneath the surgeon's steel.
And joyed that his was the blood to flow, his country's woes to heal;
And his bright, black eyes so yearning, grew strangely glad and AS'ide;
I think that in that hourof joy he would have gladly died.
Ah, ne'er again our ranks were cheered by our little Drummer's drum^
When rub, rub, rub-a-dub, dub, we knew that our hour had come ;
Beat brisk at morn, beat sharp at eve, rolled long when it called to arms,
With rub, rub, rub-a-dub, dub, 'mid the clamor of rude alarms!
Ah, ne'er again our black-eyed boy looked up in the veteran's face,
To waken thoughts of his children safe in mother love's embrace 1
Oh, ne'er again with tripping feet he ran with the other boys —
His budding hopes were cast away as they were idle toys.
But ever in our hearts he dwells, with a grace that never is old,
For him the heart to duty wed can nevermore grow cold !
His heart, the hero's heart, we name the loyal, true, and brave,
The heart of the soldier hoar and gray, of the lad in his southern gi'ave !
And when they tell of their heroes, and the laurels they have won,
Of the scars they are doomed to carry, of the deeds that they have done;
Of the horror to be biding among the ghastly dead,
The gory sod beneath them, flie bui'sting shell o'erhead ;
My heart goes back to Mission Ridge and the Drummer Boy who lay
With his face to the foe, 'neath the enemy's guns, in the charge of that
terrible day ;
And I say that the land that bears such sons is crowned and dowered
That the Lord giveth nations to stay them lest they fall.
ANECDOTES AND INCIDENTS. 285
BATTLE OF NASHVILLE.
Now Thomas came with his well-drilled command
To Nashville, on the river Cumberland,
A place of beauty in a high degree,
In state original of Tennessee,
Where, in endeavors for the public good
He militates against the aims of Hood,
Who with his army there does cogitate
That city fair to make Confederate.
His plan of battle is of simple kind,
The field uneven, yea, to hills inclined —
A feint upon the left, does quickly make
Which to the center causes him to take —
The further operations to enhance
The Sixteenth Corps was ordered to advance.
At early dawn Hood roused in much affright
At the loud firing on his distant right ;
And scarcely had he time to ascertain
What it did mean, before an armed train
Came down upon him like a loosened flood.
From the united corps of Smith and Wood.
A battle this could not be truly called,
So overwhelming was the foe appall'd,
That their lines crumbled in atoms, and
The left entire was gone of Hood's command.
Thus with a single blow his left was gone,
And in confusion drove the center on —
This now let loose the nimble cavalry
Which now swept round and passed our right in glee.
Hung like avenging cloud upon the flank
And rear of rebels, as they placed their'rank
And file back on the center, sullenly,
Which Hood imperiled in a high degree.
Aroused now by the dangers imminent
Hood ordered from the right that troops be sent,
286 GREENE COUNTY IN THE WAR.
The tide reversed, of battle to sustain ;
When all around, from every hill and plain,
Could be discovered lines of infantry,
Commingled with squads of artillery
Which made the most of every joint and limb.
In gallant forward strides to rescue him.
The left is gone, the center still is held.
From which Hood is not easily expelled.
As the position is one very sti-ong —
On lofty hills, and covered all along
With rifle-pits, well fringed with abatis.
Beyond which ordnance move — charged not to miss
As they the grape and canister did throw,
On every parcel of the land below.
Smith in command was never known to shirk,
But paused before this formidable work,
A reconnoissance of it to make,
That he successfully the same might take.
Now Wood and Schofield with their forces came
And kept all day a brisk artillery flame
Without eff"ect ; while infantry essayed
In vain to find a spot they could invade.
But then it was not difficult
For thus, one day, to sum up the result —
Two thousand prisoners captured martially
With sixteen pieces of artillery.
Now Thomas saw the sun sink in the west.
While nature tired, inclined to sink to rest ;
Ere this, the news by telegraph does tell,
"So far, I think, we have succeeded well ;
Lest Hood decamps to-night to-morrow steacl.
Will doubFb up his right — by tactics led.
While gallant Wood endow'd with courage bold
His center most triumphantly will hold;
And Smith and Schofield strike his left again.
While cavalry the rear work will maintain."
ANECDOTES AND INCIDENTS. 28T
• Hood takes a new position in the night,
The better to maintain to-monow's fight ;
And of the former is two miles in rear,
While shortened to three miles his lines appear —
So very powerful appear the whole
That at first sight they seem impregnable.
But Thomas acting on his former plan,
Commanded Steadman now to lead the van ;
As yesterday, upon the rebel right.
However, now it being their design
To hold their fire, and feel the rebel line ;
Till Smith and Schofield should reach the scene
Of yesterday, now passed to the serene.
The stillness of the hour now occupies
Theclose attention of all ears and eyes.
Like that which is precursor to the sage
Of the fierce lightning's rage.
Or like the thunderbolt's malignant fall,
When trembles earth, and skies with gloom appall.
The Union bugles, well played on, and large,
Now sound the tidings to command "the charge.
With leveled bayonets and ringing cheers
That sounded audibly in rebel ears.
They swept undauntedly, for all were brave,
Upon the rebels in one awful wave.
Wood in the center ; as the sound he caught.
His regiments to a forward movement brought
And Steadman stationed on the left extreme,
Upon them charged ; it was no idle dream.
Now for three miles the rebel lines became
One lively scene ; ah ! one vast sheet of flame.
The batteries thundred, shells screamed through the air.
The earth did tremble as a frightened hare ;
15eneath our feet the ground appeared to quake.
Sulphurous clouds of smoke appearance make ;
And for one hour without an intermit
It was an emblem of the burning pit.
The rebels seemed a.', if by whirlwinds raised.
288 GREENE COUNTY IN THE WAR.
And carried back, defeated, and amazed;
While dropping everything that would impede
The flight of one that ran for life indeed.
They sped in wild confusion o'er the land,
"Who then submitted not to our command.
These words are still resounding in my ear,
Which issued from a captured brigadier ;
Though at that moment I had not the time
To emphasize and place them into rhyme :
^' Why, sir, it is, and ever shall be said.
The bravest act I ever vitnessed ;
I saw you coming, men, and held my fire —
In numbers to a full brigade entire —
Until I demonstrably could espy
The white in each and every soldier's eye ;
Determined thus a bullet well to place
In each and every soldier's face ;
And I supposed, when the smoke arose.
Your heels would toward us be, and not your toes.
But not thus. Each deserves a diadem ;
My galling fire not even staggered them.
They came along cool, and in martial skill,
And walked up to my works upon the hill ;
And ere I knew that you advance had made.
You had entire surrounded my brigade."
More than two thousand rebel prisoners we —
One major general, brigadiers just three —
Did capture in that battle with their arms.
And showed the world secession had no charms.
L. L. Hanan.
ANECDOTES AND INCIDENTS.
THE SOLDIER'S DEATH.
IN MEMORY OF JAMES D. SEWARD.
Who saw him fall, the noble boy ?
Who whispered words of hope and joy ?
Could no one pause in that sad strife,
And try to win him back to life?
Who watched beside his dying bed?
I only hear that he is dead.
I was not there to close his eyes,
Or catch his last expiring sighs.
No loved one near to soothe his pain,
Or smooth his matted locks again ;
No hand to wipe the fallen tear.
Or soothe the heart of one so dear.
W^ere pitying angels hovering nigh
To watch my poor, lone brother die ?
With pearly gates all swung ajar.
To watch his coming from afar ?
His voice comes back to soothe my grief,
And give my bleeding heart relief;
His parting look, his farewell sigh —
I was not there to see him die.
I may not see his lonely grave ;
He 's sleeping with his country's brave.
But though I may not mark the spot.
My heart will still forget him not.
I love to think of one so dear;
His name I'll mention with a tear.
And weep the cruel fate that gave
My brother to a soldier's grave.
290 GREENE COUNTY IN THE WAR.
THE NINETY-FOURTH ARMY BEAN.
The following song was sung by the orphan children, at the reunion
of the Ninety-fourth Regiment O. V. I., Xenia, Ohio:
[Air — "Sweet Bye-and-Bye."]
There's a spot that the soldiers all love,
The mess-tent's the place that we mean,
And the dish that we like to see there,
Is the old-fashioned white army bean.
'Tis the bean, that we mean,
And we'll eat as we ne'er ate before,
The army bean, nice and clean.
We'll stick to our beans evermore.
Now the bean in its primitive state.
Is a plant we have often met,
And when cooked in the old army style,
It has charms we can never forget.
The German is fond of saur-kraut,
The potato is loved by the Mick,
But we soldiers have long since found out,
That thro' life to our beans we should stick.
[Refrain — Air — "Tell Aunt Rhody."
Beans for breakfast.
Beans for dinner.
Beans for supper,
Beans, beans, beans.
Closing Scenes of the War.
In closing this history I think it will be interesting to my
readers to show how General Sherman's campaign ended. The
news of the battles about Petersburg reached Sherman at Golds-
boro on the 6th of April. Up to tiiat time it was his move
rapidly northward, feigning on Raleigh and striking straight for
Burksville, and thus interposing his army between Johnston
and Lee. The successes at Petersburg, however, changed the
necessity for a junction of Sherman's army with Grant's, and the
Confederate armies of Lee and Johnston became the strategic
points. Grant was fully able to tike care of the former, and it
was Sherman's task to destroy or capture the latter. Johnston
had his army well in hand about Smithfield. His infantry and
artillery were estimated at thirty five thousand, an 1 his rava'ry at
from six to ten thousand. General Kilpatrick was held in reserve
at Mount Olive, with orders to recruit his horses, and be ready
to make a sudden and rapid march on the 10th of April.
At daybreak of the 10th all the heads of columns were in
motion against the enemy. General Slocum took the two direct
roads for Smithfield. General Howard was to make a circuit by
the right, feigning up the Weldon road, to disconcert the ene-
my s cavalry ; and Generals Terry and Kilpatrick moving on the
west side of the Neuse River, were to aim at reaching the rear of
the enemy between Smithfield and Raleigh. General Schofield
followed General Slocum in support. Within six miles ol Golds-
boro more or less cavalry were met behind the usual rail barri_
cades, but they were swept away by the advance, and by ten
292 GREENE COUNTY IN THE WAR.
A. M. of the 11th, Davis' Fourteenth Corps entered Smithfield,
closely followed by the Twentieth Corps. Johnston had lightened
up his trains by the railroad, and retreated, burning the bridge
over the Neuse River, at Smithfield. Pontoons were brought up,
and the crossing accomplished without resistance. It was here
that the news of the surrender of Lee's army, at Appomattox
Court House, Virginia, reached General Siierman, and was an-
nounced by him to the armies in orders, creating the wildest joy.
The announcement was made at the head of columns, and as the
joyful news was conveyed from division to , division, and from
regiment to regiment, each in turn took up the glad shout, mak-
ing the pine forests ring with the "glad tidings of great joy."
For a time all discipline was cast aside. The men seized their
officers and carried them around on their shoulders, and then
threw their hats or caps high in the air. Strong men wept and
laughed by turns, and embraced each other in the exuberance of
While negotiations for the surrender of Johnston's army
were pending at Raleigh, Jefferson Davis was making his way
toward the Mississippi River, with the intention of passing into
Texas, there to continue the strife. Efforts were made for his
capture by the army, and, to stimulate to greater exertion, large
rewards were offered for his apprehension. General Wilson,
being apprised of Davis' probable route, put his whole available
cavalry force in pursuit, sending squads in all directions. The
Mississippi River was patrolled by gunboats, to prevent his
crossing, and the coast of Georgia and Florida was watched day
and night. General Wilson's report of the capture is given in
the following dispatch to the Secretary of War ;
Macon, Georgia, 9:30 a. m., May 13th.
To Hon. E. M. Stanton, Secretary of War :
Lieutenant Colonel Harden, commanding First Wisconsin, has just
arrived from Irwinsville. He struck Davis' trail at Dublin, Law^rence
CLOSING SCENES OF THE WAR. 293
County, oil the evening of the 7th, and followed him closely, night and
day, through the pine wilderness of Alligator Creek and Green Swamp,
via Cumberland, to Irwinsville. At Cumberland, Colonel Harden met
Colonel Pritchard, with one hundred and Fifty picked men and horses, of
the Fourth Michigan. Harden followed the trail directly south, while
Pritchard, having fresher horses, pushed down the Ocmulgee toward
Hopewell, and thence by House Creek to Irwinsville, arriving there at
midnight of the 9th. Jeff Davis had not arrived. From citizens Pritch-
ard learned that his party were encamped two miles out of town. He
made his dispositions, and surrounded the camp l)efore day. Harden
had encamped two miles (as he afterward learned) from Davis, the trail
being too indistinct to follow. He pushed on at 3 A. M,, and had gone
but little more than a mile when his advance was fired upon by men of
the Fourth Michigan. A fight ensued, both parties exhibiting the great-
est determination. Fifteen minutes elapsed before the mistake was dis-
covered. The firing in this skirmish was the first warning Davis received.
The captors report that he hastily put on one of his wife's dresses and
started for the woods, closely followed by our men, who at first thought
him to be a woman, but, discovering his boots while running, suspected
his sex at once. The race was a short one, and the rebel president was
soon brought to bay. He brandished a bowie-knife of elegant pattern,
and showed signs of battle, but yielded promptly to the persuasions of
the captain's revolver, without compelling the men to fire. He expressed
great indignation at the energy with which he was pursued, saying that
he thought our Government was more magnanimous than to hunt down
women and children. Mrs. Davis remarked to Colonel Harden after the
excitement was over that " the men had better not provoke the president
as he might hurt some of 'em."
J. H. WILSON, Brevet Major General.
Davis was immediately taken to Fortress Monroe, and
confined in one of the casements of the fortress prepared for
him, and a strong guard placed over him to prevent escape or
rescue. He was afterward bailed out by Horace Greeley, which
was the cause of his political death, and doubtless his political
death was the cause of his natural death.
" O Horace Greeley, you were not the man for me;
You went too far to bail old Jeff, and helped to set him free."
294 GREENE COUNTY IN THE WAR.
Our task, kind reader, is finished. Through more than
four years of war and carnage, such as few nations have ever
felt, we have tried to give a partial history of some of the
regiments, and a list of Greene County s soldiers as far as we
have been able to obtain them, together with some incidents and
anecdotes connected with the great rebellion. From war's dark
desolation and its train of human suffering and woe we have
emerged into the glorious light of freedom, and universal i)eace
now reigns throughout our land. The tramp of the S')ldier is
no longer heard, nor the bugle-blast calling to arms; the weary
march is ended; camp-fires are extinguished; the roar and din
of battle is hushed. 'i'he Blue and the Gray can now meet as
friends and brothers. Glorious America ! the asylum of the
oppressed of all nations, rising from her sackcloth and ashes,
re-invigorated by the desolations of war, shall work out her
glorious destiny, and teach the crumbling despotisms of the Old
World that man, enlightened by the principles of free institu
tions, is capable of self-government. All hail ! America. Well
hast thou earned the honor of being
"The land of the free and the home of the brave."
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