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3 1833 03249 3741 

Grlsvjold family .of ..QQ.J1DP c 1 1 c u t 

(cEdvjard jUhrldge) Salisbury:) 






For tlie following sketch I have been favored %vith the use of all the family papers preserved 
by several generations of the Gri-,wolds of ]51ackliall ; together with some intcrchting original pa])ers 
of the Rev. tieorge Griswold of (jiant's Neck, now owned by Deacon (.icorgc Gnswold of Niantic ; 
and with some notes for family history by James (.Iri^wcjld, V.-r.'.y. of Lyme. 

I have also had several valuable documents copied for nie from' the Probate Records of New 
London and the State Archives at Hartford, the latter through the courtesy of Charles J. Iloadley, 
Esq., State Librarian. An examination of the collections on the Clriswold family made by the late 
i\ev. 1''. W. Chapman of Rovky Hill, Conn., which were ]iut into my hands by hi-< son Mr. 
Henry A. Ch.ipman of Hartford, has led to one impoitant discovery, and -a few private letters 
from the father have given me some valuable hints. 

Some of the statements respecting Ld'..ard Ciriswold and his descendants were furiushed by 
Judge S. O. Ciriswold of Cleveland, Ohio, and Hon. ^^'illiaIn H. Puell of Clinton, Ciuni., both 
of whom descend from him. At home I have had a continual adviser ami assistant in my wife, 
who, being of Griswold descent, had, with wonted enthusiasm and perseverance, collected many 
facts of the family history, and corresponded in our own country and abroad w ith reference to it, 
long before it began to be a subject of interest to me for her sake. The printed sources of in- 
formation, so far as knov/n, have been, of course, freely dr.awn up(jn. 

It must be understood, however, that I have not undertaken to write a comjilete genealogy of 
the tlriswolds ; my pa|)er has reference, especially, to the male line, and t(.) those of the name most 
closely associated with Lyme, ami was originally intended for the use of a limited family circle — not 
for the pul)lic eye. 

The imjirints in the notes are in all cases those of the particular vchimcs referred to. 

The earliest EiV^ settlements (.n\ tlie Connectictit RIwt were nearly 
ec'iiUeiniHJraneous, of tlte same parentage, bciny all otfshoots from the Bay 
riaiitation, and bound toL;cthcr by many ties of interconrse and depen- 
dence. It was about the year 1635 that Wethersfield, Windsor, Hartford, 
and Saybrook were first settled. The latter liad itsori^^dn in a fortification 
btiilt by Lion Gardiner, a military engineer from lMiL;iand (who had in 
that capacity served the Prince of Orange in the Low Countries;, and 
coinmanded by John Winthrop the younger, under a commission from the 
Warwick Patentees. This barely secured the site for English occupation 
against Dutch encroachments. The new cluster of settlements thus formed 
on the beautiful banks of the Connecticut, winding amid ricli meadows 
ready to the hand of the husbandman, and primitive forests which v.cre 
stocked with all sorts of game valuable for skins, and opening an attractive 

* Copyright, 1884, l>y Edward Elbriiitjc Salisbury. 

Jaa^ ^(-..^^^ C^^"-^^^"^ ^^^"^^^^^ 

'*.. • ■'•''■ 


pathway for trade, both inland and abroad, naturally drew the attention of 
those in the mother-country whom the usurpations and oppressions of the 
later Stuarts had forced to make new homes for themselves in these west- 
ern wilds. 

Two brothers of the name of Griswold, Edward and ?\Iatthe\v, came to 
America "about the year 1639," and settled at Windsor, Conn. The date 
of their emigration being fundamental, and all that relates to it, and to 
years immediately following, being of interest, I quote from aflidavits of 
these two brothers, sworn to M.iy 15, 1684, as follows : 

"The testimony of Kdwanl r.risv.-old, a-cd about 77 years, is, that al.ont the yeare 
1639 Mr. W" W hitein- ideceassedi was undertaker Uu- a shipp in J-.n-hmd, in wliich shipp 
1 canie to New Kn-'hrnd . . . and at that tinie many passen-i-rs came oner, scverall ot 
which settled at Wiiuisor, and a gennerall expectation there was at tliattimr, as api)eared 
l;y discourse, of many more passen-ers to come, and some of note . . . by whicii nK^ane.s 
land at AVindsor, near the towne and redy for improuemt-nt, \\ as at a hi-h price. . . . 
But afterward people thai were expected out of Kn-land not comin- in su< h numbers as 
was looked for, and some returning to Kn-land,* an<l others remoucir,- to the seaside, 
the lands at Windsor fell very much in price." . . . 

"The testimony of Mathew Griswold, a-ed about 64 years, is, that John IVissell, 
sometimes of Windsor now deceassed, did offer to sell mee al liiat of Mr Ludlowe's 
accomodations, both of housein- an.l lands, which hee bou-ht of Mr. W- WhUcm- las hee 
toUl mee) which lay on the west side Connecticut Riuer in the townshipp of \\'iinl:,or . . . 
and I beein.; not accomodated to my mind where I then lined al Saybrook, and hauein- 
kindred of my owne and my wines al Windsor, was willin- to dweM al Windsor . . . also 
I went and aduised with n,v fallicr-indaw Mr. Wolcot, who told mee I had bid hi-h enotic-. 
Further I lestifie thai, when I came ouer to New tin-land about the year I'.jQ- ''^'I'l 
was at an hi-li price, and that the [ince thereof fell very much in bome yearc^ .after . . ."\ 

It will l)e observed that tiiese documents give us, als(\ ai^pro.ximalely, 
the important dates of birth of the two brother.— the elder, aged about 
seventy-seven in 1684, must have been born about 1607 ; and the younger, 
about sixty-four year.; old in 1684, was, of com'se, born about if)20. 

The eminent antiquary Dr. J. 1 lammond Trumbull, of 1 lart.ord. .-^ays 
he "can hardly doubt" that a brother of Edward and ?.Iatthew was 
"Francis Grissell " [or "Mr. Gri.sseU"], to whom reference is made in the 
Calendar of .State Tapers (Minutes of a Committee for Providence Planta- 
tion), as having applied in I'.ngland, fivnii July 1635 to Feb. 1636, fc.r 
remission of the cost of transportation of himself and wife to New Eng- 

■ * Tlainly. in consecinence of the riMng poxver of llie Farliament, before the civil war had 
operated tn drive Englishmen away from their mother country. 

\ Conn. State Archives, Private Controversies, ii docc. 203, 204. -'IAS". 
Vol. XI.— No. :j.— 9 



land/'- wlience he infers" that hVancis Grissch (CiriswoKl ) had l)ccn at, and 
liad returned to Great P>ritain from, ProvidL-nce Ibland, beftire July 1635." -I- 
Wliether it be true nr not that this jjerson was a brother of our [•ldw;u'd 
and I\hitthe\v Gris\v(d(h whieh I leave for others to determine, certain it is 
that Mdward had a son n^cuned I'h'ancis, \\ho \\-ill be spoken «_)t further on ; 
and Mr. Chapman entertained the opinion, thou-h it docs not api:)ear on 
what L^round, the s^randfather of hxlward and MattliLW wa-^ a l-'raneis 
Griswold, said to have been of Lyme i\.eL;is, C"o. 1 )orset, who had a s'jn 
GeorL^-e, tlic father of our two brothers of Windsor. :]; 

]"h-om a valuable document in the New London Probate Office (relathi^^ 
to a lawsuit in which the onl\' son of our hrst ?\lattlu;w Griswold was 
in\'olved), we obtain proof that, beside l'".dw.ird and Alatthew, there 
another brtjther, Thomas b\ name, who remained in the old hhiidish home- 
stead ; and the same pajjcr t^ives documentary evidence as to what p.irt of 
Fav^dand the emi:_,M-ants came from. It deserves to be ([uoted here, exactly 
and in lull : 

"(leofL; <",rlsw()lil, ;ii;('il nliout ^7 yonrs, lcslil\rih as fdljowcth— lli.U in liis yontlilull 
years liu li\ cil w itli liis lallu-r in l-ii-laiul, in a town called keiiliiisworl'i ^' in Wairack- 
shire; lie did several! uuiessinee hear his tather I'.dw a rd (',ri..\\ oiild say lieil ! iie lunise ihey 
tlieii li\(;d 111, and lands l)el(in-in-^ liicrelo, was hi^ lirn'Jier Millicw ( '■risv, on d's : and 
luue l.Uely seen a letter vmder liie liand of Thomas ( ".ri^woulii >>\ Kei'ilinsv.orlh alxna- >', 
directed to liis hroiher Mai hew < '.riswouUI aforesaid, wherein lli-- said 'I'lioinas ( irihwuuld 
intimated that lie did ihen live in tlu- above said hoii^e Induii;;!:!;.; to ids s.^id i;roth' r 
Matliew Criswonld afonsaid. 

" M.iy 9'.'' 1700. Uror-e <.".ris\\()iild appeared before me in Hartford, and made oath 

to y*^ aljove lestimony." 

"Josia'll CuirilSs, Assistant." 

\\'ith re;_',ard to the ancestr\- of the three brothers whom we thii- di-^- 
tinctl\- trace, we ha\e no ceitain inftuination reachiue'. beyoiul their Kithei-. 
A deposition la' el\- found amoUL;' tlie papers of Re\-. !'". \\ . (. h.tpman, " a. 
full and true cop^• " of an ori^^'inal now lost, enables me to bci'in the 
(jriswold pediL^ree one o-eneratioii further l;ack than it has been hitherto 
traced. This valuable document is in the<e words: 

"The testimony d Captain ( ".corea- < Iriswold, a-ed about 72 \ears, and the testimony o' 
Mr. lohn (,;ris^\old, a;^ed about (j<j years, they both beini;- sons ot (u'or-e Cri-^wold, Tlie 

•"■ Calendarof Stale Papers. Colonial Seriob. 1574-1600. London, iSeo. pp. _• 1 i. 215, C2i. 

■\ Private Idler of li^c. \o, iSSi. 

\ I'rivalc lettri ot .M.ncli 12, 1 S74. The same l.aier expresses the belief, \\illiMi!l !;i\ in- any 
iuxn] reason for il, liaua^aa (;is ap;K'ai. frMin another letter of June 4. l'-74), that Mi^haJ (hi-voM 
<jf Wetherslleld was aKo a hrollier of Ivlvwud and Malilu-w ; but adoeiraiciit, v.liieh will be (juu'.ed 
prc-enllv. seems to imply that the failier of b'.dward and Matthew had only one oilier bon. 

^ In Queen Elizabeth's, time Kenilworih was called Killingworlh. 


l)t'|)onents hcinc;- botli of Windsor in tlie county of Hartford and colony ot Connecticut in 
Nc\v England, is as lollows : 

"Vi/-., that our (irandfathcr's naine was l",d ward r.riswnld, and it was fornicriy and has 
ever since liren al\\a\ s accepted and re puled thai our said ( irand father's fatiur's name w as 
( ;eoi';j;e ( iriswold, and the said ( )ei>ri;a' ( iriswnld our ( irt/al ( ".iJUKUatlier had three sons, the 
eldest nruned lalwai'd, the secund named Matthew, and llie tfiii'd or viiuiiL;est snn named 
'J hoinas, and the said f'.dward the eldest son, and the said Matthew ihe Sei ond M)n, came 
into New England li-(>m Killm;^sworth in W'arwacksliire in fai^land ; and in all cnir di^,- 
courses aiiioiiL;st the families of said driswolils in New hai^land, toL;-rlher with ruher eldi-ilv 
ohservmi^ ;^entlemen, they ;u'e and have ever beiai so accepted and lepuled to Lie, without 
contradiction or ,L;'ains,i\ ini;, accordini;' to the best of our remembrance. 

" And ihe Deponents (ni ilui' add and say that the abo\'e- named 1 '.d\\ ard ( .ris wold's eldest 
son liasalwass ben called and re])Uted to be I'Vamis (b'iswold, witliout any coutrtidiction 
(jr ^r.iins i\ in.; as aloresaid that we know of. 

" Wind ,ur ni Ma r1 hn'd count\' in ( 'omieclicut, \'ew I!m;land, |im-.onally appeared on the 
19th day of januai y .\nn(.) Dom. 1737-^, Captain Ceor^c ('.ri^wold and Io!m (Iriswold 
the abo\-e named I )i |)oninth, ami made solenui ' )ath, in du'- In ni ol law, to the truth of \\r- 
ab(.)\-e written testimony, ljef(jrc me 

Ifi:M;N- Ai.i,\'x 

Justici- I'eace." ■■ 

]^)iit \\']\<y was litis GcorL^c r,ris\volrl, the fatlici" of I'ldwai'd, .Matt'icw and 
'1 lioinas, wc' IciKiw not. It lias been a^'sunied lliat our ( IriswoUbi |)jl(ino,cd 
to the liei'aldic fainil)' of (Ireswolds of SidiJuill, near Keniiworth, Cc^. 
Warw ielv, one of wlioni, 1 1 uin])hrey (iresuold, deceased in 1746, unmarried, 
was tile first of this faniily who possessed Alalvern Hall ; i and the ttrnis of 
tliat fainil)' : yJ f^. a frsst' (iit. bciiv. 2 inuyl/omii/s current Si/., liave l)een 
used as of riL,dit Iiehmoino- to (,}risw(-*hls of Anierica. 

■*= Tliis copy was j4iven to "\Ir. Cliajjiiian f)y .Mr. J. S. Cri'^weld of nen-,on, \'t,, wtio^c broflier 
Mr. W. I ). ( .risuolil, now of St. [.eiiis, Mo , w rile- lo i.ic r^ - prctni;; die 01 i- p ipei .1 , f. 'llou :• : 
\-> ie;.',.iMU llu- oi;;;in,d p.ipei , 1 1 > ci. 111 lur lo li.oe ^eiM n on d c.e.iou oi a \ Wi\ 1 Mide In niy 
11. line limine m is p. M\ l''ai!iei, in.a aIwc, sliowid it to me. .-uhl 1 read it over .aid ovcrwiMi 
}4u'.il nii<ie-a, ,uul 1 then looL a ciipy (if ii , w Inch I thini-. I li.iw seal to sonie iiHiniii r, w iilr uii ii-inin- 
iii'.; .1 copy of the eop_\'. The aliidasit \\as e\'ideiill)' .,il;en in aid of sonic jiendiii;.; leLjal proeeedini;, 
or in .-intiejp.ition of y.nmt.- !e;.|'.i] Use. // r.',7,v /////. v/A ./ /t a/ r l\:!!u-r -<.<!lii Us,' o!J /'./'■.■/.i .:ii./ n: ii/r- 
///<■/.■/., ('//'/I I-ti/fu-r. and tiri is all that e ii he s.dii of its history. " bi anotla r b 1 lei Mr. (Iris.v.ilil 
sa\s : " I read it over lepe.itedly, and i 1 ilieall)- ohsi.i\e(l the ]i.ii)er, <dd :Hid faded, and the wriliiiLT 
of st) le \xri(}'inL; ils aye." ddiese l\\ o ( aaswoKl liidtliers arc dc- c iidant ^ of 1 .(h. ;i rd ( Iris'.'.old. 
tlirouL;li his son braiu is. 

I The Lite </ol. CliisUT, to whom the rpieslion of ilie lau^li.di eri^dn of the ( iriswolds 
refeired some- )earssinee. wrote from bondon ; " I ili(iM_L:,hL 1 h.ul nlieady e.\pl. lined about the Cris- 
woldsof Malvern Hall. 'I Ir.' fii st one w ho li.ul ^f;dver^ I bill w?is Ii nm|iln ev ( '.. (son of Ivcv. .M.iishall 
(b, deseended Ironi the fainilv at Solilnill. Co. Warwick), who Jicd unmarried in 1740. It linn 
went to liis brother lohn, who died without issue in 17(10, ^\lu n that laaneh of llie f.nnilv, in the 
ni, lie line, became ixliiiel. M.dvein linn went loliieir d-Ur Maiv, wife (jf I).i\id Lewis hbap, 
then to I'leii sun [bni\ (IrtsWipld l.r'.'.e-, wliodicd in 1 ^2i) \v ithont issue. Mabeni then went I'l 
his \ery distant kinsm.ui bdinimd Me\ -rv \Vic;lcy, who assumed the name of (Iresv.o!.!. He died 
unmairied in 1.S33, and Malvern then went to his paleriini uncle Ilenrv W'i'.dev, whi> .ibo assumed 
the burnanie of UrcbWuld, but who ne\' 1 had a drop eif Circowold blood m his veins." 


A statement has chained some credence, that our Griswold brotlicrs came 
from Lyme Regis, Co. Dorset, probaljly for no better reason than because 
this would afford a pkiusible explanation of the n;ime of Lyme in Connecti- 
cut. But careful search in the records of Lyme Regis, by the Rector in 
1874, failed to show tliat any person of the name ever lived there ; while the 
aftklavits of Edward and Matthew Griswold full)' establish the fact that 
their old home was at Kenilworth, Co. W'arwick. Now, the Visitation of 
Warwickshire made in 1619, published by the Harleian Society, gives us 
twelve generations of the Greswold famil)-, of which the first-named repre- 
sentative was John Greswold "of Kenelworth," who married the daughter 
of William I{ugf<M-d of llulderley Hall /;/ So/i/ui// ; and the Greswolds con- 
tinued to be seated at Kenilworth tlown to the time of the last male de- 
scendants mentioned in 1619. ■-'■ Moreox'cr, John Greswold, of the fifth 
general ion in this Visitation, is named (jr/swold in flie X'isitations df Notting- 
ham for 1 ^Tx) i()i4 published by the Harleian Socict\', where tb.e marriage 
of his daughter Allice to Thomas iJabridgcourt is recorded — showing that 
tlic two forms of the name were at an early period interchangeable!-; and, 
what is still more, in the \^isitation of Warwick'shire for 1619 occurs tlie 
name of a George (iriswold, in the latest generation there recorded, who 
may possibly have been the father of our two emigrants. Hut diligent in- 
vestigations by Colonel Chester (to whom, howex'er, the fact of the imme- 
diate parentage of the emigrants was unknown), l:)y the Rector of Kenilwoi'th 
in 1.S74, and among American records, have ni:)t enabled us as )'et to trace 
back the line of descent of our Edward and Matthew beyond their father. 
The parish-register of Kenilworth prior to 1630 was destroyed under Crom- 
well, and the name of Greswohl does not occur in it after 1651. So that, 
while iheiL- is ground for beliexing' that tlu; brothers l.ielonged to 
tile heiaKlic f.imily of Gre:-\volds, or GriswoUls, tliere seems to be little 
probability of its being i)roved. Colonel Chester concluded that they may 
have come of a younger branch of that lamily, but sa\'s : " The only pos- 
sible remaining chance tliere is for discovering any tiling further would be 
an examination of the wills in the local registry of Lichfield." 

* 'J'he Publications of the Hail. Soc, vol. xii. The Visitation of tlie County of Warwick in tlu> 
year i6io. . . • Fih hy John Fctheislon. . . . London, 1877, p]'. 60-1-2. 

f The ruhlications of the llarl. Soc, vol. iv.— The VisitatKuis of ihe County of Nottin;^hani in 
the vears isCxjaiul I'li.) . . . London, 1871, p. 38. 

The parish-records of Solihull, as appears from recent oblii^inii' letters of the present Rector, show 
the followini; varieties in the form of the name at the dates mentioned : 

I53(j — Criswoolde, 1540— Lo-yswoolde, 1 541— Cresolde, 1547— Cri-,solde, 1555— Crcyswolde, 
1561— Crisolde, 1 562 -( Iryswoolde and Cryssold, 1570— C.riswolde, 1571— Grcssoldc, 1575— Ores-, m7o— 'M-eswoolde, i^ijo— Crcswold, i 51)3— tlryswold, 1624— C.reswoM, and C.riswold, 162-— 
C.viswoold, if)36— Griswold. For .some of these, however, the parish-clerk alone may he res]jonsil3le. 


As lias been noticed, our (Iriswold family possessed lands in fee in F.nLj- 
land, both before and after the emi^aation of Edward and Matthew; and 
we shall sec that not only was Matthew (who, havinij come to the New- 
World in his }'outh, and married a dauc^hter of the hrst I lenry Wolcott, 
mii^dit be supposed to have been trained by the necessities of colonization, 
or aided by his father-in-law") prominent in the public affairs of Connecticut 
from the first; but his elder brother, also, who was thirty-two years old at 
his emigration, took at once a position of commanding influence. They 
would seem to have been " born to rule." Besides, if it be a ])rincii:)le of 
heredity that the characteristics, physical, intellectual, moral and s(jcicd, of 
a strongly marked ancestor are repeated in his descendants, so that from 
the offspring may be inferred what was the progenitor, then, apart from all 
we know of the hrst generation of the Griswolds of New I-Jigland. the 
qualities developed by succeeding generations of the family have been an 
accumulating ])roof that its emigrant ancestors were high-minded, intelli- 
gent. Christian "gentlemen." The large views of Matthew Griswold, very 
much in advanci- of his time, are illustrated by a reC(jrd which has ju^t 
come to light, as follows : 

" April 23J 1663, Hannah Griswold, wife ofrvratthew Griswold, lias a portion ofnicadow- 
Land in Windsor, Greal .Meadow, Twelve acres more or less. . . . this come:, toliera:. p.irt 
of her portion that fell to her by the Last will of her brother Ghristopher WoUott 1 )e(:'' , 
out of his Lstate that was to be De\-iiled amon^^r his lxelati(.)nh ; and this parcell ot mead.dW 
is ai!o7i'r(i by her Husband Matthnv Grisz^'o/if /o be Rdoriicd and made over lo llannaJi 
his wife, to remain to her and her children, and their r)is[)obe, forever."* 

We can only wonderat the enterprise, courage and energy of these early 
pioneers. Matthew Criswold. at the early age of nineteen }-ears, came with 
his brother F.dward lo Windsor, among its earliest settlers. tlu;n struck otit 
from tliere to hnd a. new home in Sa\dM-ook ; then, as if that spot had be- 
come too narrow, crossed the " Great River," and made" his hnal settlement 
as the first man who took up land in Lyme. Perhaps this ma\- have been 
partly due to the iMiglish passion for landed possessions — also, p':rhaps, to a 
hereditary longing which coidd be fully gratified oidy by first occupation. 

Ill this connection I ma>' most appro[:)riately dispose of a statement, dis- 
tinctly made or hinted at in different cpuirters, that the first Matthew CJris- 
wold followed the trade of a stone-cutter. The only proofs alleged of this 
are, first, a receipt given by him, Apr. 1, 1679, now registered at Saybrook. 
forseven pounds sterling, " in payment for the tombstone of the lady Alice 
Bottler jLady hT'Uwick |, late of Saybrook;" and, secondl)', the tradition 

* Copied by the Town Clerk of WiiuLor from Records tlicre, in August, lS?2. 


that the tombstone of his father-in-law, Menry Wolcott of Windsor (wlio 
died in 1655) — similar in form and material to that of Lady Fenuick — was 
obtained by his agency.'"' As to the receipt, n-jtluni;- is more likely than 
that he gave it for money which he had long before }xud out as /Xgent to 
Gov. h'enwick; and as to the \Volc(;tt tradition, that by no means necessarily 
means that the monument of 1 lenry Wolcott was a work of his haiuls. Still, 
it is possible that Matthew (iriswokl may ha\-e learned the art ot stone- 
cutting in preparation for his emigration — jjerhaps asatlisguise in aid ot his 
expatriation ; antl that he ])racticed the art occasionall\% as the exigencies of 
colonicd life m a new country made it useful for him ti; do so, is also pos- 
sible. But that stone-cutting was his occupatictn, or trade, there i-^ not the 
slightest reason to believe ; indeed, the supposition is at variance with all 
that we know of his prominence in the public ahairs of his time, and inter- 
able education, or are led to ccmjecture, from his large acquisitions of land 
at an earlv period, of his having given himself, from the first, to agriculture. 
Evidently he was skilled in laying foundations, and in sculpturing monu- 
ments, l)ut it was with materials, and in lorms, far more enduring than 
stone--nay, more lasting than the brass of the mechanic artilicr: "Alon- 
umentum acre perennius." 

But from these general con-'iderations I must now return, to record 
more in detail what we know (^f the three brothers, kLdward, Matthew and 
Thomas Griswold, of whom, as has been said, the lirst two emigrated 
to America in \C>y), and the other remained in England. As te. this 
Thomas, we know, by the deposition of 1737- 3^". above cited, that he was 
the )-oungest son — born, therefore, not earlier than about 1621 — but neither 
tradition nor records give us any additional facts respecting him. 1 he \et 
cxi.tmg Kenilwoith leconls Ms ai)pears from Mi. Chapman's papc-rs) make 
mentiou of 'Mlanna the tiaughler of 'khoinas Grissold," Imried A[ir. S, 
103J, of " Mary the daughter of Thorn, -s (irissold," buried Apr. 20, 1634, 
and of " 'I'homas the sonne of ddiomas Grissold & kdianor his vile . . . 
baptized July yA^,o"' Anno Dai 1636;" also, of a " Tinjmas (bassold," 
whose wife Joane was buried Jan. 2S, 1^)32 (or i^>33), and a "Thomas Gris- 
sold," married to Catharine Norris June ii, 1635 -that is. ceitainlx' ot 
two, if not more, separate Thomases. B.ut neither ot them could ha\e 
been the brother of kxlward and .Alatthew, because Matthew himself was 
not more than about sixteen years old at the latest of these dates. On 
the other hand, he may have been either a " Thomas Grissoid," who was 
buried May 5, 1644, or a Thomas, named in the records, who had a son 

^ History of New London . . . I'y Frances ManwariiiL; Caulkins. Now Lon.lon, 1S52, 
pp. 173-74; and Memorial of Henry Wolcott . . . New York, iSSi, pp. 12, note, and 32. 



Matthew born Mar. i, 1649. The parish-records of Kcnihvorth, it will 
be seen, name at least three distinct 'ihomas Gi"iswolds. 

To come, then, to the two emigrants, a tradition riMnains to be alluded 
to, that their emiy;ration was in c(jmpany with the Rev. I^[)hrai!n llui't of 
Windsor, who " had been a minister of Wraxall, near Kenilv\ (irth, in War- 
wickshire, was proceeded ag'ainst !:>)' Archbisho[) Laud, \(>j>', iov ne;_;lect 
of ceremonies, came next year." '•■ Savaqe thouL'iit this tradition })!aiiily 
erroneous, f(jr the reason that Geor;j;e, son of I'^.dwarcj, Griswuld, in his 
depusiti(jn above cited, testiiled that he lived with his fatlier in h^ng- 
land " in his )'outhfull years," which, according;' to .Sa\'ac';e, must have 
extended later titan Id the \'ear i''\](). Ihit the \-earol lliiel's emiL;i'atl('n, 
this very \'ear \(\]n, l:)einL;' now fixed, independent!)', as the dati,- of the 
emiL^n'ation of lulward and Matthew (iriswold, the tradition of tlieii" coui- 
panionship with Iluet !_^aiiis in proljal^ilit}' ; while Sa\'a;.;e'.-. objection is 
C|uite set aside b}' the fact that (ieor_L';e (Jriswold, ]ki\ iu;^' been sixt)'-si\-.;n 
years old in 1700 (as he himself ai'firmed ), w as born about i^^'^j;. not in 
1638 — as SavaL;e sa\\s — and Lotdtl, thei'efore, well s])cak, when advanced in 
life, of a time prior to i("'Vj ;r^ havir.;.;- been in the ilays ot his \-oath. 

lulward (lri>wold, the eldest of the two emi^rcUit brotln'ts, abo lived 
the lonL;est, d\'in<^ in 1691, as is said, i in his ei;j,hl}-loLn-ih \-ear. A colo- 
nial reccnal of 1649 shows him to have been, at that time, still residiiiL^ in 
Wdndsor, where his sons I'rancis and Cieorgx- likev/ise luuJ their families.:}; 
It is beliex'ed that he reinovei.! to Killini^rwortJi, now Clinton, Conn., in 
1665, and L^ave to this New En^^land town the name of his old place of 
residence in Warwick.-^hire. lie w as a Oeinity to the (ieneral Court, Ik lore 
this, in i'')6j. Under the )-ear 1067, as " Mr. V.(]w. (ii'issell," he is em'olled 
a I )(.-put\-, and, a-. " Mr. I'.dward Ciri>wold," a Counnissioner -'for Kmil- 
worth." ^ In 1074 tluae was a L;i-ant nnule to him of two hundi-.,-d aci'e.-. ol 
land, wddch were laid otit, after lon;4 deki)', in loSj, " at the north end of 
L)'me bounds." I As "Mr. lulward (Iriswould " he was Deputy " fr. kel- 
IniL^worth " in 167S, when he was also nominated ha- election as A:>si.stant, 
and as ( "ommissioma- ; representeil his town in. e\-ery Court lu.'d from that 
year on to ib89; and was, durini,^ this period, repealed!)' made Commis- 
sioner. °; In 1678 he was on a committee for establishin;^ a Latin School 

* Clcncal. 1 )icl. . . . Tly James Savai^c. llo.^ton, iSfiO, ii. .}ijo. 
f Sa\'a;H:\ ( ii ileal. Did , lit Mi|>r.i, ii. 316. 

t I'uhlic Rrcdi-as (if (lie ('(.1. <.f < 01111. . . . T('.36-ir.r)5. If.irUonl, n-so. ]>. T(/). 
§ Fill, lie . . . Kii^s-iG;'/. . . . nartfMid, 1S32, pp. 5S, (>;,. 
!| 111., p. 240, and note. 

•, I'lihlie Record-,. . . . lOy^-iGS.;. . . . ILmFird, 1S5.J, pp. t, 3, 5, cG, 4'-i. 49, Tf-, 
121, I3(j, 140, 109, i(j5, 230, 237, 251. 




He was the first deacon of the church of KiHinc-, 

-, who died 

in New London, 

He was twice married: Hrst, in England, to Margaret 
Aug. 23, 1670, '[ and secondly, in 1672 or 1673, to the widow of James Hemis 
of New London. " Jicfore coming to Windsor he liad I'rancis, GeorL'e, 
John and Sarali, probably all b(jrn in iMigland, and he had at W'indsor " 
three sons and thi'ee daughters — all, as appears by their days of birth or 
baptism recorded at Windsor, by his first marriage.:}: 

His son Francis is found to have been at .Saybrook in 1 '^'55-56, ^ but was 
one of the first pro])rietors of Norwich, settled in 1660, taking "an active 
part in the affairs of the plantation;" i| and from 1661, incUisive, to 1671, 
was a Deputy to the General Ccnirt. "| He tlied in 167 1, ■'•'■■• leaving se\'eral 
children, of whom a daughter, Margaret (b. 1668), married Thomas ]5nck- 
ingham, son of the ]\.ev. Thomas, of Sa)'brook, in 1601. l-t- 

George, son of h'.dward, Griswold, was a freeman of Windsor in 1669, :}:•}; 
and seems to have lived there permanentlv. He died in 1704, ii',; ha\'ing 
had sons and daughters. John (b. 1668), son of George, was lather c)f 
Isaac (b. 1718), A\ho was father of Abiel (b. 1755), who was father of 
Origen (b. 1785), who was father of Judge S. ( ). Griswold, now of Cleve- 
land, Ohio. Judge (iriswold and his sisters now own a tr.ict of land at 
Windsor which once belonged to their ancestor George. 

Edward (iriswold's third son, John, who was born in haigland, died in 
1642 ; but he had another son of the same name, born in Windscjr in 1052, 
whose grandson Josiah (son of Daniel, b. 1696) \\'as the maternal grand- 
father of Hon. William 11. lUiell, now of Clinton, Conn. A daughter of 
Edward Griswold, Deborah (Ix i646\ who married Samuel Buell in I('>'"i2, 
"was the ance^iral mother of a.ll the lUie'U in Killingworlh (L'liiiton >. all 
the Iniells east ol (_"onnecticnt Ki\er, and ne,irl\- all of LitchfieKl, Conn." 
Her husband was the Lrreat-'j:randfather in the fouith degree of lion. W. 

'■' History of Norwich. . . . I'.y Fraiu'cs Manwarini; Caulkins. I'liMisIiccl liy the Author, 
1866, p. u-j. 

f "Her gra\ostone stands \n the Clinton Coii<;rcyatinii,Ll I'.urying ( iround, witli the letters 
M. C, and is called the oldest nionument." 

I Sava;^-e's Geneal. Hid., iit supia, ii. 316 ; and Ilibtory of Anc. Windsor. . . . T.y Henry K. 
Stiles. . . . New \'ork, JS59, ]). (140. The existing records of Kenilworth give liaptiMus of 
children of Edward C.riswohl as follows : Sarah, 1(131 ; Ceorge, 1(133 i Sarah, 1635 ; Liddia, 1637. 

^ Caulkiii.s' Hi>t. of Norwich, ut supra, p. 53. 

II Id., p. 177. ",, Td., ].. S.p •:>* Id., p. 132. 

ff Sides' Ilibt. of 7\.nc. Windsor, ut supra, p. C140 ; and Savage's Ceneal. Diet., ut sujira, i. 

X\ Public Reccjrds of Col. of Conn . . . 1665-1077. . . . Hartford, 1S52, p. 519. 
i:Jj Stiles' Hist, of Anc. Windsor, ut suj)ra, p. (141. 


H. Bucll, SO that the latter is descended on both sides from Edward Gris- 
wold of KillinL;\vorth, Edward Griswold's son John (b. I ("'5 2) had a son 
Samuel (b. 16S5), whose daughter was the •' l\lar\', daughter of Samuel 
Griswold Esq. of Killingwurtli," who married, in 1739, Eliliu son of Rev. 
Nathaniel Chauncey of Durham, Conn., and was the mother of the late 
Judge Chauncey of New ITaven.'-' 

Another son of Edward Griswold, named Josi-ph (b. t647\-|- l^''i<^^ ^i- ^<^'"i 
Matthew (b. i66S), who had a s(.>n IMatthew ( b. 171S,') who had a son 
Elihu (named, perhaps, from Elihu Chauncey, the husband of his father's 
second cousin Mary Griswold) who was born about 175a— Dr. I'Llihu Gris- 
wold of Windsor, whose wife T\Lary (b. 1756) was a daugliter of Dr. Alex- 
ander AV'olcott, son of Gov. Roger Wolcott.;j: Dr. hdihu Griswold removed 
to Herkimer County, N. Y., about the >'ear iSoo. 

^LvTTHEW Gris\V01.t\ having come ro Windsor, married, October 16, 
1646, Anna daughter of the first Henry Wolcott of Windsor, an emigrant 
frcjm Tolland, Co. Somerset, by Elizabeth daughter of Idiomas Saun- 
ders, of the adjacent parish of Lydiard St. Eawrence.Jj hlitlier before or 
after the date of his marriage he removed to Sa\-brook, in the capacit}- of 
Agent to Governor h'enwick. The exact )'ear of his removal to the ri\-er's 
mouth cannot now be fixed, but he is said to have been the earliest actual 
occui)ant of land within the bounds of Eyme (set off as .se[)arate trom 
Saybrook in 16(35-66), implxdng that he had settled there h_>ng before this 
separation. Indeed, his original grant is belie\'ed to have emanated trom 
Fenwick, ii which would carry us back to 1645, at least, A\hen Eenwick's 
rights under the Warwick- Tatent were extingui.^hed l)y a.greement v/ith 
tlu- eohMi\- ^'i Coiuu'CticiiL* Am^ther indication oi his haN'ing \er>- early 
beeouK- a lesideiit oi S,i>brook is given b\' his te^t imoii\- of inS4, tpi,>ted 
above; for in that he speaks of having thought to leave Sa\-brook and 
purchase land in Windsor (" beeing not accomodated to m\' mmd where I 
then lined at Savl)rook "), ••"■• at a time when land up the river had depre- 
ciated in value by reason, as is plain enough, of the ]) rT Parlia- 
mentarian rule in luigland lessening the inducements to emigration, before 
*■ * See Memorials of the C'h.mnceys . . I'.y Wm. Cliaunccy Eowk-r. IJu^ton, Us-, pp. 

f Stiles' Hist, of Anc. Windsor, ut supra, p. 640. 

X Memorial of Henry Wolcotl, ut supra, pji. 77 and 140-42. 

g Memorial of Henry Wolclt, ul supra, j). II. The Wolcott family of Windsor were of the 
old ]'"us^'lisli ;,;eiitry. 

II Caulkiiis' History of New London . . . ut supra, ]>. 72. 

•, 'I'he History <.f Coini. . . . \'y ('.. H. Hollister. New Haven, 185=,, i. 135- 

■■■* See above, p. 121. 


the progress of events in the ohl country, cuhninatini;- in Cron-iwcH's mili- 
tary usur[)ation, had ag'ain tempted tlie moi'e conservative Kii^hshmen to 
expatriate themselves — from all which it Wfailcl appear that he v/as a resi- 
dent of Saybrook as early as within the fifth decade of the seventeenth 
century, though after the middle of October, iC^j^G, because he was ;dreatlv 
marrieel when he contemplated returning tv) Windsor. 

My the coloni.d. records we find him at Sax'bi-ook, first, on the 20th of 
March, ]C)4g-'^o, reference being matle, under that date, io an answer to a 
"petition fr()m the inhabitants of Saybrook, ])resented by Matthew Gris- 
wf)ldand 'riio. J.ei)pingwell." ■'■• He was a DejHity to the (ieneral Court in 
1654. In the same \'ear ?\Iajor Mason was deputed to tak-e with him 
" Afatthew Griswold of Seabrook'e," and " goe to ]'e(p!ett and jo)'ne with 
Mr. Wd'nthroi) to tlraw the line l)etwne Peciuett and \'ncus according to 
the l)ounds graunted that towne," . . . and iiicleavo'' to compose dilfereiices 
bet: recpiett & V'ncus in loue and peace."!- At a Court held May 17th, 
1660, it was "granted that y"-" iJep: (iouerno'" .'^c Matli: Criswold shal lend 
vnto X. T.ondon two great Guns from Sea J>rooke w''' shot.":'; In iCc'.i he 
headed a committee "to try the bounds of N. London."^; Under the \ 
1663 it is recorded that " Matthew Ciriswidd " and otlu-r^; were to la\' out 
certain bounds " to p'uent future in-C(-)nueniences." About iC')()4 o-^ when 
L\'me was soon to be set oil from Sa\'brook as a sei)arale town, there arose 
a dis]nite between Xew London and Sa)'bi-()olv as to the we^twai'd extent 
of the former town — whether or not the land bet\\\ e'a Ni.mlic ba\- and 
J^ride l)ro(dv, including JMacl; ]*oint and Giant's Xeck, belfMii'.ed to Xew 
London. This lasted hjrsL'X'erad )'ears, when, at length, in U'>~ \ , " tlie town 
[of NCw London I annulled all former gi^ants . . . except ..." but set 
apart, at "our w i-.t boumls at Ulaclc Point," a tract of thi'ee huiuh\;tl and 
twent_\--live acre s " lor the irse of the minisl r\' fore\'er," ^\■hich same tract 
had been reser\ed, three \-ears e.irlier, feir the same use. In- the town of 
Lyme. hi August, l07l,"the peo])le of l)oth Xew London ami L\-me 
were determined to mow the gra .s on a portion of the deijatable . . . 
Large parties went out from both towns for the pui"j)ose, and, ha\ang 
prol:)ab!y some secret intimation of each othei''s de-^ign, the\' went on the 
groimd at the same time. . . . Lhe Lyme men, under their u-ual leaders, 
Matthew Cdriswohl and William \\\aller, were in possession of the ground 
when the other party advanced. . . . Constables were in a.tteudaiice on 
cither side, and Messrs, (iriswold and I'.ilmes were in the connu'ssion of 
the peace, and could authorize warrants of apprehension on the spot. .As 

* Public Records of tlie Colony of Conned iciit. . . ihYi-iGGs- llarlfonJ, 1850, p. 1:05. 
f Td., p. 257. j Id.. 1.. 352. t; Id., p. 366. II Id., p. .»rS. 



the New London men a]>proached, and, s\vini;in;.; their sc3llies, be-^^an to 
mow," the Lyme constal.)le attempted to do his office, supported Ijy his 
fclh^w-townsmen, "who came rushing- forward ^\■a\'in_l•■ tlicir weapons;" 
and he succeeded ; when "a L^eneral tumult of shouts, revihnL;"s, wresthn""s 
kicl-cs and l)lows foUowed." A warrant was issued for the arrest (j( Giis- 
wold, "but lie was not captured." The noisy encounter was terminated 
"by an agreement to let the hiw decide;" and the (ieneral C'l.iu.rt ordered 
a di\'ision of the hmd in dis[)utL', 1j\' which tlie matter \v,rs setlleth'-' Such, 
in subslanci.', is the acc(.>unt ot this alfair L;i\'en b\- llie liisloi'ian of New 
London, on the authority of testimony taken at tlie- trial of tlie rioters in 
March, 1671 72. han\il\' tra(Jition amon^" the (jriswolds, lujwever, runs to 
the effect that the rijjhts of the respective ]oarties were fh-.all\' made to de- 
pend ujjon the issue of a [)ers(jnal combat between cham])i:tns chosen on 
b(jth sides, a son of our lirst Afatthew (jri.-^wold, tlu; second of the name, 
who was noted for his atliletic form and c;reat strenj^th, l>einM the repre- 
sentative of L\'me ; and that the result in fa\'(.)r of his town. Ihit this 
tradition may be oid\' a mythical am[)lification of the recoi-dc(J hi-turical 
facts, i' 

( h\ the 13th of ]'\-bruary 1665-66 the ailicles of separation between 
S.i\l)rouk an<J ].)"ine were si^aied by ALatthew (iriswold as one of the com- 
mittee for the east side. In ihGG he and William Waller were oidered b\' 
the (General Court " w'''in the space of one month to seiul up to y" 'hreas- 
urer a true valuation of all y*" rateable estate of the persons that haue 

estate in that ]ilacecalled Ljane. 

e was a Deput)' to the (General Court 

in lo(')7, < and a;4iin in |6)()S, his name ha\iipi;" then, llrst, on the Coloui.d 
records, the prefix of " M r.," at that time distinctix'e of a " L^entleman," 
which al lerw ard-^ the)' alwaws i;i\-e to it. ^ lie was clios.^n Connnissiouer 
till" l,\ane, in iiido, loi the eiisuiui;' year ; "^ in 1070 was appointi^d with 
otliei's "to si_L!.ne lulls in theii'e respectiue plantations, for what is due lidin 
the country ;'' ■■■■'■ and in l677^vas timipoi'ary Lieutenant c>t the train-bands 
of L)'me-. I- f Tn Ma)' i'')78 lie was a 1 )e])ut\' for L\-me ; J |; and the next 
year was aj)[>ointeil " t(; in'ant wari'ants and mai'r\' [)ei'>oun in Lyme for 
the yeare ensueinL,^">-'^;' One hundred acres of land were j^ranted to him by 
the (leneral Court in 1681, " provided he tal;e it n[) where it ma\' not prej- 

* Caulkins' I list, of New Fdiidnn, ut supra, ]ip. i()f)-C»j. 

•( The trailiti.iii i:s alliulol to, as aullieiitie h'utury, li\' I'r. I)\\i;;lit in his 'IhaveU in New V.n^- 
lanil. New llawn and New ^"orl;, 1S21, ii. 522. 

\ I'iil)lic iN.cci)nls (if Conii 16(15-1677. Hartford, 1.S52, p. -iS. 

■i-; Id., p. 70. II [d., p. >-^3. •; Id., p. lot). •■■■" Id., p. 204, II Id , p. 317. 

\\ I'niilic Uecorils of Conn, . . . 1678-1681;. Hartford, I'^S'). p. 3- 
^§ Id., p. 27. 


udice any former grants."* He was a Deputy for Lyme in 1685, f On 
the 14th of May 16S5 (" in tlie first year of our Sovereign Lord James tlie 
Second of England ") the township of Lyme received a patent of confir- 
mation, when it was granted, ratified and confirmed " unto Mr. Matthew 
Griswold, Sen"-., Mr. Moses Noyes, Mr. Wm. Measure, Mr. \Vm. VAy, Ln't 
Abraham l^runson, Sarg^ Thomas Lee and John Lay, Jr., ami the rest of 
the said present proprietors of the Township of T^yme, their heirs, succes- 
sors and assigns forever." Li 1686 the General Court confirmed to liim 
and others a tract of Land eight miles square, " lyeing and being near unto 
Connecticut River, about twelve or thirteen miles up tlie said Ri\'er," w liich 
had been deeded to them in 1674 by " Captain Sanuup (or Sanhoj))"' of 
the Niantics. :]; 'J'he Court chose him in 1689 to be a Justice of the Peace, 
or Commissioner, for Lyme, and lie held the same office the five folhjw ing 
years, successively. >j 

To these notes from colonial records, mainly showing tlie public trusts 
conferred on the first Matthew Griswold, I add a few others from the 
public records of Lyme and the family-archives, illustrative of the growth 
of the Griswold landed domain within his time. lie was reputed to be the 
richest man in Lyme. After his death the landed property of the family 
was increased yet more, until it came, at length, to be an estate almost 
baronial in extent, stretching along Long Island Sound and elsewhere. So 
early as in the third generation, as appears from a paper preserved in the 
family, dated November 2, 1724, Patience Griswold released to her brotlu-is 
John and George, and to several sisters, her proportion of right and title, 
as one of her father's legatees, to "about four thousand five hundred and 
fifty acres, be y" s niie more or Less, situate, L\'ing and being in. y'= Town- 
ship of Lyme." l'"rom a plea in answer to a charge of trespass, of the }-ear 
1 781 , b)' Governor .Matthew (H-iswolcl — which is anicMig the faniih' jiapers — 
we learn that by " the I'loprietors of the Common and Undi\'ided Lands 
in the Townshii) of Saybrook ... on or al)out y^ Year 1655 . . . were 
duelySevcr'd and Laid out to Matth" Griswold .Sen', then of s'' .Sa\-lirook-, 
who then was one of s'' Propriators . . . for him to hold in .Severall)- as 
part of his Share and Literest in s'' Common and Undivided Lands," 
certain lands including a fishery at the mouth of the Connecticut River, 
on the east side : 

" and the said IMatthw Ciriswold Sl-ii'' soon after Enclosed tlic same in a Good Sufli- 
cient fence, and Continued so Sie/'^ and Possess^ ol the jihice . . . till the time o\ his 
Death . . . and the same Lands . . . with all the a|)i)urtenances to the same beloni^ing-, 

* Pvihlic Records of Conn 1C17S-1689. Hartford, 1859, p. 93. 

f Id., p. 181. I Id., pp. 200-01. 

^ Id., p. 252 ; .ind Public R.ccords of Conn 1689-1706. Hartford, 1S6S, p]\ 24, 41, 

66, 92, 121. 


by sundry lec^al Descents Desceiided iromthe s'^ Matlh'^ (Iriswold Sen"" 10 his Great Grand- 
son Matth"' (Jrisw'old Est; ..." 

There can be no doubt that this document refers to a part of the estate, 
at the mouth of the " Great River," which has been occu]:)ied by the family 
for seven generations; and it probably hxes the date of the hrst Matthew 
Griswold's beginning to occui)y that site as a place of residence. This 
family Itome has been always known by the name of lUackhall — a memorial, 
doubtless, of some familiar English locality. There are several places of 
the name in Lngland. Here, then, not in the rich alluvial meadows of 
Windsor, nor on the breezy, but sand)', plain of ."^aybrook — as limited to 
the western side of the Connecticut, after tlie setting off of Lyme — did 
Matthew Griswold fix liis home. He settled upon the extreme point of 
land that stretches out between Connecticut River and Long Island Soimd. 
It was all "made land," under the slow processes of nattire : the sea had 
washed up its sand to meet, and be mingled with, the al!u\-ial deposits 
brought down by the " Cireat River," in its progress from Canada to tlie 
sea. After all tlu:se centuries, the modeling of nature's forces still appears 
in the roll and swell of the ground, the hillocks and the eddi-js. This lower 
level is near the sea. The land begins to rise toward the north-west ; the 
nearest spur of the northern motmtains is to he seen jtist above the present 
railroad-station, and follows the Connecticut, witli hills, sometimes rolling, 
often well-wooded, sometimes rocky and p.recipilous. Another range— 
the so-called Meetinghouse-Iiills— further eastward, runs toward the north. 
between these ranges is the tract on which the village of Lyme now stands, 
in a position much sheltered from the cold winds on the east, north and 
west, while ]>Mng open, on the south, to winter-sunshine and stimmer- 
brec/i\s. L(Mi;'; Lkmd stri'tching along, some miles awa>-, betweeit the 
main kmd and the oju n ocean, cuts idf the violence vi storms, while 
not shutting out the freshness of the ocean-air. d'he seasons are tempered 
along the shore, h'rosts come late, atid melt away earlier" in the sirring 
than in any other part of New I'.ngland. The autumn usually lingers long 
under the golden light radiated from the sun, and reflected from the sea, 
which, from Newport all along the shore, fills the atmosphere with a halo 
of beauty. 

The land-records of Lyme show an indenture of Marcli 8, 1664, by 
which the first iMatthew Griswold then had deeded to him 

" A parcel! of Land Lyinj^^and beein;^ uppon Blackball point, ntuxr tkr >kiu-nii!i:-/iouse of 
Matthew Grisroold aforesaid'^ . . . the ujiland l)eein;^- by estimation forty akers . . . 

* Showing- that NLnltliL-NV C.riswold had aa\vclhn--!iouse at IMncldiall piunt before March S, ir.64. 
The original well belongin- to it is believed to exi:,L b-tiU, within the grounds of Mrs. Charles C. 


witli all the meadow or marbh-Iands thereto belon_^-inc^r^ ])art of wliich mea'.low is nrljoiniii'T 
to the upland, aiul part thereof is lying- and beeiiig on liie scjutluvest end ol ilu- Great 
Island or Ahirsh . . ." 

Amonc;' the family-papers is an oriLnnal deed of Thomas Leffingwell to 
Mattltew (ii'i.-^w'old, (kited February i8, 1674, conve)'in;4 his 

" whole accnniinadatioiis of Lands ntl Sca])ro(jk(:, situate, lyeiiii,'- rind hein;,;on hoth sides 
of Ctinuectieott l\i\er, except . . . The p'ticulars of that w'^'' is smM unto tlie s'J .Malhew 
Ci-iswell heiuL; as followcLli : Inip'''^, on the west side of the alcove s'' l\i\-er tlie whnlr riL;ht 
of Ciannunia-e belon^in;^- unto one hundred iS. fiftN- pcuind .\lli)lirnent withe the 
tour, house .X. ; See'', on tlie east side of the s'l Ri\-er tlie wliole riceoinniada- 
tions beloiic:;inL; unto a two hundred pound Allottinent, vdth such ri-lits, Coninion.iM-es, 
priviledg-es .\; appurtenances as doe or shall beloiiL,'- theiaauito, as also the w hole ri-ht, 
title and interest unto an(l of one hundred pound Allottnient which was boui^ht of iTiMiuis 
C.riswelh-- . . . only e\cei)ted twent)- acers of Lantl of the first I )i\i^ioii where the liousc 
stands . . . I\esi;_;ned unto ffrancis (^.riswell . . ." 

Anotlier private })aper, dated July 11, 1674, records tite la\'in;_;; out to 
Matthew (iriswold of " hfty acres more or Less of upland . . . hounded 
west by the Sea and J>ridebrook, hkast by the land bouL'ht of Richard 
Tousland, south by the Sea, north l)y the Connnons," which seems to 1k' a 
description of the i)romontory (>f (liant's Neck, the home of tlie Ixev. 
(.ieorL;e ( iriswold, of the third t;-eneration, anil of a br.mch of the faniil\' 
descended fnun hiiti. ( )n the 2.'-'.th (4 ]^\d>niar\', lt)7(), as L_\'me r<'Ci)riN 
show, Matthew Griswold q;ave iti a statement of certain lots of kind then 
owned by him, as follc)ws: 

•' Matthew ( haswold SiMiior, his lotts in the t'irst di\ isioji of uplarul >N: meadow, ac/ar /us 
f!c7L' (/a'i ///y/;^' hiiiisc il.'t It sfii/hi, ContainniL;- in ( '.eneiall about one hundred and fonrtv 
aii^ht aker^ a\\^ a lialf . . . and is bounded Xortherly by I'lachhall ri\er, lCa^le^l\■ by llie 
highway as fir as his dwelliiiL; house, soiitherlv bv Sea, wesleiK bv the (baat Ri\er. . . ." 

Of the chtirch, or ecclesiastical societ\', of Iamiic, there are no exi^4inL;" 
records earl\' enouoh to show whether the llrst Matthew (irisw'dd was 
concerned, or took an interest, in the oroanization (4 either, luit the k'irst 
Church of Sa\'bro(,)k' possessed, witliin a few years, a silver commuiiion-cup 
which was his t^ift, ;is the inscription on it : " S. C. C dono domini ?\Iatthew 
(Iriswold," attests; thouL,di the three initials at the head, pi'obablx' standint;- 
for " Sa\'l:)rook Coni^'re^^ational Church," wotild seem to ])ro\'e the inscrip- 
tion to be of a much later date than the fact it commemorates. t 

Griswold, a little to the soiuh of whose rcbidcncc the first dwcllinj,^ of the first Matthew CuHwold is 
said to have stood. 

* I'his ih, undoulitedb', Francis son of Iv.bvard, inentioned p. 122. 

f This cup now belongs to the family ot the laic Deacon William R. Clark of Saybiook. 


" T\Tatt1ic\v Griswold died in Iiis house at L)'me (Seiitember 27, 1698], was 
buried at Saybrook ; his i^n'avcstone is not to be found." Mrs. (Griswold 
survived him, and was Hving September 17, 1700, ulicn she and her son- 
indaw .'Vbi'aham I'rownson were both citeil to appear befe-re the New 
L(,indon County Court, as achninistrat(M-s of her husband's estate; but :die 
had, probably, died l.:)efore May 22, I 701, when ISrownson was sunnnoued 
alone as administrator, by the same Court. 1 ler age in 1699 was se\-ent)'- 
nine years.'"" 

Matthew and Anna (W'olcott) Griswold had five ehildi-en, named in 
the following order in a family-record: Sarah, Matthew, J(jhn, hJizabt.-th, 
Anna. Jhit neither the famil)'-papers nor the existing j)ubliL record-. f)f 
Windsor, Sa)'ljrook, or L)-me (.dl of which have been consulted ) give us 
their birth-days, excepting of iMatthew, who \\'<is born in !<353. d'his 
date being gi\ en, it is imnietliately evident that, the (U'der of names, at one 
point at least, should l>e changed; for, if I'dizabeth was the second child 
born after MaJthew, her bii-th coultl not have occui'red before U>^5, whereas 
she was In'st married in [070 — which is (piite improbable. Accordingly, 1 
shadl assimie an order which seems lib'ely to be nearer the truth, as follows: 

I. I'dizabeth ; born, according to corrected order of name-, lujt later 
than 1032, anil, \-ery lik'el\', from the date of lu r man-iage (earl\- marri,i_L;es 
being then usual), in that )-ear; who married: 1st, (Jctober 17, 1 '")70, John 
Ivogers of Mew L(uulon, Connecticut ; 2(1, August 5, i67(), Peter I'ratt; 
ZiUi] 3tl, soon after i6,SS, Matthew Jieckwith. .She hatl two cliildi-en li>' her 
first husband: I, I'dizabeth, born Novembers, 1671 ; 2. John,l)e)i-n March 
20, 1^)74; by her second husband she had a son Peter; and b_\' her third 
marriage, a daughtei', (iriswdld iH'ckwilh.f In i(''71- I<>kii R(,'>gers, her Hr^t 
hu-band, departed \\ou\ llie established orthoilox\- of the New I'higland 
churches by embracing the doctrines of the .Se\'enth 1 )a\' Ikiptists; and, 
having adopted, l.der, " certcun pecuhar notions of his own," thongh still 
essentiall)' (uthodox as respects the fumlanienlal faith of his time, became 
the f^junder of a new sect, called aftea' him ]voL^;erenes, Jvogerene Ouakers, 
or Rogerene na[)tists. Maintaining " obedience to the ci\'il go\'ernment 
except in matters of conscience and religion," he denouncetl, "as unscrip- 
tural, all interference of the ci\'il i)ower in the worship of God." :J: It 
seemed proper to give liere these particulars with regard to Rogers's xdews, 
because they were made the ground of a petition by his wife for a divorce, 

"* See her testimony of Jan. 5, 1^199, in Col. Records, Private Controversies, v. d<<c. 145, -"^/S. 
] (/aullvins' lii.-t. lA Xew London, ut supra, jip. 203-09. 
t Id., ])p. 204-05. 


in May 1675, wliirh was t^rantcd by tlie General Court in Octolocr of the 
next )-ear,"'' and was followed in 1677 by another, also granted, for the eus- 
tody of her children, her late husband " beini.;; so hettridox in his ojiinion 
and practice." f The whole affair reminds us of other instaiices, more 
conspicuous in history, of the narrowness manifested by fathers of New 
En<;land towards an\' deviations from otablislied l)elief; and of their dis- 
trust of individual conscience as a sulhcient rule < >i reli<^Mous lile, wilhiiut 
the interference (.)f civil autliority. There is nc.) reason to belie\-e that the 
heterodoxy " in ])ractice," referred to in the w ife's last ])etition to the 
Court, was au<^dit else thaii a non-conformity akin to that for the sake of 
which the shores of their " dear old h>n<;-land " had Ijeen left behind, for- 
ever, by so many of tlie very nien Avho forgot to tolerate it, themseh'e^, in 
their new western homes. Of course, like all persecuted, esjjcciall)' relii^- 
ious, ]),irtics, the Kogerenes courted, gloried in, and prollted lj\', distresses. 
John Rogers always claimed that the Court had taken his ^\■ife awa}' from 
hini without reason ; boih of his children eventually sympathized with 
their father, and lived \vith him. 

2. MArriiKW (see l)olow). 

3. Jo//;! ; who died }'oung, s. p.:[; 

4. Sara/i ; born, according to corrected order of names, not earlier than 
1655 ; who married, probably before 1675, Thomas Colton (not (ieorge, as 
commoidy said) s:, of Springfield, Mass., by whom she had a daugliter Sarah, 
born September 25, 1678,; a "third daughter" hLlizabeth, whose birth-day 
is unknown, and probabl}' three other children.', 

5. Ajuuk ; born, accordirig to t.he famil}'-order of names, not earlier, and 
probably, from the date of her marriage, not later, than 165O ;■•■■■• who mar- 
ric-d, Sej^tember 2, 1674. Tdeut. Abraham l^rownson (as he himself spelt 

* riil.lic l^lcA-nnK i.f the Cul. nf Conn. . . . 1605-1677. llutfonl, 1S52, p. 2.j2. 

i M., 1'. 3-'". 

\ Anna (Iriswold and John Criswolil appear as witnesses to a (lecd of ^ak-, ainonc; T>yme 
records, d.iled Apji-. 26, joSj, ddie association nf names and tlie dale iilenlify tliis Jnlin as tlie son 
of Anna ( Iriswold — sli.nvinj,^ that, if not liorii Liter than 1054, he lived as \o\v^ : , to his twenty- 
seventh year. 

t^ Savage's Ccncal. Diet., vit supra, i. 438. 

II Id., ibid. 

^ Rev. Mr. Buckingham of Saybrook testified, Sep. 7, 1699, "that Mr. C.riswold gave ]".li/a- 
beth, third daughter of his daughter Sarah Colton deceased, her o)U' jiftli of niovealde e-tale. ..." 
See Col. Records, Private Contro\ersies, v. doc. 156. MS. 

** Her graveslone, in the Meeting-Ilouse Hill Ijurying-'lround at I.ymc, gives the dale of her 
death (Apr. 13, 1721), \\ ithoiit telling her age ; but that of her husljand, alongside of it, shows that 
he was seventy-two years old in 1719, when he died. This suits well enough willi the supposition 
that site was born in 1656. 


liis name) of Lyme. Witli this marriai::;-e is connected the memory of an 
unhappy lawsuit, in which Abraham Brownson and his mother-in-huv 
united against her onl)' surviving son, the second Matthew Griswold. 
This suit has left its traces in various jndjlic recirds, but need not be re- 
capitulated here. 1 notice it onh' for the reference made in an affidavit 
f^iven in the case, and now preserved in the New London I'riibate ()rilce, 
to certain e\'idences of propert}' in L!,ngland which \\-ere \vithheld from 
Matthew Griswold, as follows: 

" Alliil. liefwi-c \\"i V.\y, Justice of Peace, Nov. 15, i<^»/), hy Henry Mcricnn — tliat Ihun- 
son told him he hail a trunk of \vritiii;^s thai were his fathcr-ni-law's, whicli he said that it 
would vex his hrolher Malhew ( iriswold \ery much. I told him that I heard so . , . and i 
told hini tliat I l)elie\-ed there was some weij^^hty conceTiis in those ])a|'ers, for money 
either in tliis country or in lait^land ; lie .answered that there were some i^reat cnncerns 
in them, and there were some papers tliei-e that said (aaswold never knew ol, and 
never sliould ..." 

This concealment of titles to estates was complained of to the General 
Court bv Matthew Griswold, in 1 "OO, "that all those dL:ci]s and writings 
which doe c iiuern all or any of the lands that did belong to his father 
Mr. Mathew Griswold in his life-time, both in old luigland and new, are 
withheld, so that they cannot be entred upon the pttbliek records. . . ." * 
Had these pa[)ers been recorded, they wotild, in all ]:>r(jbabi!it}', have 
thrown some light upon the Knglish ancestry of the (baswolds. 

Abraham and Anna (Griswold) Brownson had six cldldren. frcun one 
of whom, a dattghter Mary (b. 1680), descends the present Chief Justice 
of the United States, Judge I\b;)rrison Ivemick W'aite, as follows: Maiy 
Brownson married, August 26, i/O^.d'homas Wait of L\-me 1 from .Sud- 
l)ur>-, Mass.K Ihomas ami M.ir_\- (Brownson ) Wait had Richard (b. iJlO, 
who married, Ian. I ^, I7?7, f"i' his second wiU-, Ivebecca eldest daughter 
of Capt. Josei)h fliggins; Richard and Ivebecca ( 1 liggins) Wait had Re- 
mick (b. 173S), who married, in i;S6, Susanna eldest daughter of Nathan- 
iel Matson of L\'nie, and si-ler of the mother of the late ex-(jov. Buck- 
ingham ; Remick- and Susanna (^iMatson) Wait had Henry Matson (b. 1787), 
who married, Ian. 23, 181''), Maria daughter of Col. Richard I'k Selden of 
I>yme, and granddaughter of Col. Samuel Selden, a distinguished officer in 
the army of the Revolution; Henry Alatson and INIaria (Selden") \\ aite (so 
he spelt the name) had Morrison Remick (b. 1816), a graduate of Vale 
College in 1837, and now the prime expounder of American law. Henry 
Matson Waite was Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of Connecticut, 

* Tuhlic Records of Col. of ( 'onn. . . • 16^9-1706. . . . Hartford, 1S6S, p. 33S. 
VuL. XI. -No. 2.— 10 


from 1854 till the constitutional limit of ac^e obliged him to retire. "It 
was . . . in questions of law that liis strength es])cciall\' lay; and his legal 
erudition, [)atic'nt research, power of discrimination and terseness of argu- 
ment, were fully appreciated by an able and learned court." •• 

Matthew Griswold,f the second of the name, born in 1653, followed 
the footsteps of his father in public life — the "Air. Alatthcw Griswold " 
named in the colonial records of 1696, as fJeputy and Commissioner, and 
in i6(j7 as t'ommissioner,:]: being' ])ro])al)y the son, and not the father (con- 
sidering the age of the latter) ; and the son being certaiidy intendeel b)' 
the designation of " Mr. Mathew Griswold" as Deputy in 1704, 1707, 170S, 
and 1710.^ But his sphere seems to ha\'e been more private than that of 
bis father, llis father, a few days before his death, deeded to him large 
estates (not im[)r()babl)' in the s[)irit of English law, keeping landed Dr.ip- 
crty in the male line, and liaving respect to promogeniture), to which he 
himself added others by purchase. On the 21st of May, 1683, v/hen about 
thirty years old, he married I'hoebe Hyde, granddaughter of the hrst Wil- 
liam Hyde of Norwich, Conn., and tlaughter of Samuel and Jane (Lee) 
Hyde. 11 (3ur most interesting memorials of him are co[)ies of ^^■ritings of 
his own. Among these is the following incomplete letter to his sweetheart, 
revealing much of liis cliaracter, and worthy to be preserved, not only for 
its sentiments, but also for the form in which they are exj)ressed : 

" Dkakf. llRAur, 

" 'I'cii.U-r of niv most, unfayncd iind Tntyre Love to you, liopini^- you ;ir(/ in i^ood 
health, &c. AUliou;^h my jiresfiit AMhtics of hody and mind will iioU allow met- to 
Write Lar<;idy unto \ou, as 1 sho'^ be '^\rid to do, yet, lia\'m,^- this opiiortumiy, 1 was de- 
sirous III trnulile v>ai with a lii\e or two - A LiU!-- to Rfinind ymi of liie unrxperted . . . 
unlicaid ot . . . whuh I havi; ii\i'U with, hi the m.ui.iL^ement . . . the motion ot Marnai^e 
mad 1))' nu-e umo yo^selte, which ... so very strani;e tliat 1 am att a L;reat I oss . . . ol 
mind to think what the i^ood pleasure of the Lord . . . case as to a fynale Issue ; ihon-h 
tliis I must saye. If I thoui^ht you had not Real! Love and Affection for mec I slvaild llien 
think it rather my Duty to desist than to jirosed ; luit as yet I am nott, nor can not bee, 

=1= Conn. Reports . . . of Cases . . . in the Supr. Court. . . . I'.y John Honh.r. Ilartfunl, 
1870, XXXV. 5<j7-99. Obit. Nonce by Hon. C. J. McCurdy ; and X. Ihi-. Hi-t. and C.enoai. 
Regi^tLT. R)oston, 1870, xxiv. 101-05. 

I Fi-om this point onward, espreially, I have more or less drawn from edianrclb.r Walworth's 
treasury of ^(encalni^ieal lore, the 1 1 vdc ( leneajo-v. 'tins ovncial aeknowlcd-inont is clue. V.ut 
family-papers, inomnnental records and ]iublic archives have enabled me s..nietini<-s to correct the 
Chancellor's st itemcnts, thou-h such changes are for the most i-art made without notice. 

I Public Records of Col. of Conn. . . . i6S()-i7o6. Hartford, 1S68, j^p. 1 5S-59 ; nnd Id., 

p. 2or. 

t; 1,1., 48-; and Public . . . 1706-1716 . . . Hartford, 1870, pp. 20. C7, 169. 
11 Hyde Genealogy . . . By Reuben H. Walworth . . . Albany, ibo^, i. 10. 


convinced that It is so, for, as Ciod and thy owne conscience knows very well, when 1 was 
lully come to a conclusion in my own minde never to v^wc myself nor you any f.ircler 
'rruuble in tliis matter, yo''selfe were pleased to tell inee that unexpected (thou^ii welconiej 
news, that you could not !)eare the thoUL;hts of a fynale Scjjaration ; antl since, when yuu 
were last att oW^ side of the Rix'er, you told mee the same thiiii;^ besides many tliin^js 
which you have in discourse told diverse of youre owne best freynds, whicli ■^nvc them 
grounds to conclude that you had special Love for my person. If 1 had thought that these 
things liad been false, I must have Jutlj^ed ot . . . accordin;^ to the . . . wliich would 
have commanded a [)eriod to all proceedings of this nature ; but cont>' 1 believet! thee, and 
accordingly concluded that hee which ha<l Incindled this Love in Thee would increase It, 
and in his good Time bring tis together in the Relation of man and wile, and hereup(.in g.ive 
my affections their full scope, tonrluding not only that I mite, but that it was my duty to, 
Love her irttirely for whose Sake 1 should forsake l'"ather .uu! mother, and, as 1 tould you 
when [ last si)ake willi you, I shall nott att this time Release any promise ('and you to mee, 
I should nott suffc-r for yo'' Sake) which has past between us, though I cannot desire you 
should proseed to Joyne yourself In marriage with mee on the account ol pittie. I desire 
to look to God who is able to give mee .... to all his gracious promises which wo'' be 
matter of comfort . . . (for so they are . . . I would desire you'^ nut f.rgt-tt how willing 
1 have been, according to my Cappacity and opportunities ; ^o then, in kindness and in way 
of Kecpiital, laure mee with some L)iies. 

i shall not c-idarge att [)resent, but, desiring that the (wxul Lord would graciously guide 
us to that which may tend to liis glory and our owm everlasting peace, I take leaVe and 
Remain thine, and thine only, in the bonds of Luire Aftection, M. ('•." 

lie also wrote verses, of limpitig gait, indeed, but whiclL not the less for 
that, remind one of hymns by famous poets of liis age, such as Donne and 
Herbert, as if he might Iiave been not unfamiliar with them. Two frag- 
mentary specimens, inspired, as the foregoing letter was, by his love, must 

" And grant me this 

Token of bliss — 

Some 1\ lies for to ]ieruse with speed. 

That may to mee 

A Token be 

You doe mee choose in very deed." 

" Deceit is lo'hsome though in matters small. 
And guile in things which are but triviall ; 
L>ut when the case amounts to such a height 
To be of such concernment iK; such weight. 
Those that will then Intentionaly deceive 
Shall sure a curse as their Reward receive. 

" Then lind it true and nott a lie 

lice's thy best friend that speaks out playne : 
My deare, take heed, 
And make great sjieed, 


Lest thou g-'.ve God no Just offence ; 

TluMi for my part 

A Knin;^ heart 
From ihee shall bee lari^e ]\econipense. 

But we have a fuller disclosure of character, as well as a story of 
romantic adventure, and of remarkable Providential overrulin<^r of evil for 
good, in a letter of his, dated November 8, 171 2, at Lyme, to Ivev. Cotton 
Mather, relating; what had befallen his eldest sun, thrown, by his own faidt, 
amid the hazards of war of the the Spanish succession." 

This very interesting document reads as follows (the italicizlni;' being 
in the printed copy used) : 

" Tho' I ani an LUter Stranj^er to You, yet, consider! ivj,- that it oui;ht to he th.e 
chief and continual care of I'^very Man 7'o i;/ori/y God, 1 thouj^lu il my Duty humbly to 
present unto you the liiliowinL; Narrative, desiring- you to impro\e it as t'.od sh.dl du-ed. 

"Tins last {)cti>bc>\ 'tis l-'ive years since, my l-lde-iC Scjn, havinj; a vehement Desux- to 
go to Si-a, ai\d concludiMg that I would not consent unto it, tool; an opportunity to malce 
Ins J'".sCa[)e whilhl 1 was attending- the C.enei-al Court. 1 used utiiiosl ]-lndea\ours to re- 
cover him, but he got off froni riscatiiqiia , Lea\ing- me Sorrowfully to tliiid< what the 
Kvei-it niight pr.i\-e, of<f Child's "u'iljiil Jorsaki/i'^^ the Ihity cf his Rclniion aiui Ihr 
Ah'LUis of Grace, and iii'^uljiiuj; Jiiiusolf into tlw Toitptittiojis of a Wiikcil World. 
And f was the more concerned beciuse he lunl been but a \'ery Weakly l.iul. 'J'iiey had not 
been long at Sea before thry wert- Surpri/ed by a dreadful Storm, in llie lieight whereof 
the Captani 01-dered my Son to one of the ^'ard- A rn-is, there U) Kectily sunieihing an-iiss, 
whicli whilst I'.e was perlorining he wliully lost his Hold; lUit catcliing hoid on a loose 
Rope he was i-)reser\ed. This jiroved a very Awakening I'njvidence, and he Looked at 
the Mercy as greatly I'!nhanced by reason of his Idsordorly JK/^ii'diir, . Arriving at 
'}'a !/,'.! i. il he was soon I'le.-.^ed aboard .1 Man of War, trom whence, alter di\er>e NbnUh.s 
o! Hard Son I. r, he obtained a Uelcasi-, tho' with the Loss of all the Little he had. He 
then tell in w-illi a J'ri-aatoor, 011 board whereof he w-as Lxposed unto Janinent hazard ol 
his Life, in an hot haigageii-ienl, wherein man\ were killed, and tlie ^b-^n stood ne.\t 
unto liim was with a Chain-Shot cut all to |iieces. In the time of tliis flight (\iA caused 
him to take up Solemn l\esolutions l > Lelorm his Life, which Resolutions he was enabled, 
thro' (irace, to obse|-ve. Ai-id he then Resolved that he would Return as soca-i as niight be 
to /lis /■'athor's JIi>iist\ After a Skirmisli or two i-nore he was cast away. Then he was 
taken by the French, and turned ashore at the F.ay ai Honduras, where lie with titteen 
more were taken by a l\arty (-)f Spanish Indians who were Led by a Spaniard. Ibi\-ing- 

■* A tract suggested liy the facts of this narrative was written by Cotton ,\Tatlier ; an<l puhlislied 
under tin; following title : " Ivepcated Warnings. Anotlie-r Fssay tu warn ^'oung IVojile against 
Ixehellions that must he Repented of . . . Willi a l*alltetical Rck'ilion of what oceur'.l in the l\e- 
ni.nk ilili- F,xpeiieiue-> of a ^'oiing Man wliu made an Hopeful I'aid lately at Fvme in Connecticut 
lloston, 1712." A eopy of this " very rare " iKunphlet is in \'ale (Jollage Library, from which I 
have taken the narrative. 





theirllnnds now tied hehiml them, and Ropes around tlieir Necks, thcv were in that 
n\ainier led unto a I'hice called J'aU'ii, Six lunulred Mdes trcMU tlie phice \\ here tliey 
were taken, and very lar within the Land, havni;^'- no Food but Water and the t,i?/'A,^v 
that grows upon Trees. .My Son had at that time the Ju--c\-r aiid .i^iu' \ei'v ]).n\, so tiiat 
many times e\'ery step seemed as tliough it would lia\e lieen his last. N'el(;od niarvelKjUhly 
preservetl him, while d'hree men much more likely to hold the lourney than lumsi ll ])er- 
ished on the Road. L'lion their Arrival to the I'nd ol' their Journey thev v>'i-e last chained, 
t\'iO and two ; and so the)' continued l-j;.^"ht Months conlnied, and;_;uishini;- \\\ l!\(|uisite 
Miseries. My S(.)n was \isited with the Suuil! J'ox wlnle he was in these Wretched cir- 

" In this time time two (lodly Ministers came to see my l'"amily, and One of them then 
pultinu; U|) a ler\i'iit Prayer with us, on tlie heliall (_>[' in\ A]).^rnt Child, he was directed 
into such JCxpressions that I jic-rsuatled that the Frayer was not \o^\, and tiiat mv Foor 
Son was then in some Remarkaldc Distress. Notin'j^ down tin- Time, 1 atlerwards Inuml 
(hat, ,it the Time when this l'i"a\i-r was made, my .Son was then in Iidus, and had the 
Siiitil! I'lix upon him. I oh^icr\'e(.l some otl:er Thiii'^s dl this Nature which Modesty 
directs to !ea\e inuiientioned. Innumeralile l-Jideavoui>> were used ni tliis Time, h\' the 
Father Confessors, to perswade them t(> turn I'apists, Sometimes J'romijinL^^ them (Jreat 
Rewards, at other times threaten in;.^^ them \vith the Mines, and with lltll. .Some uf these 
Miserable men became Jvoman Catholicks. Hereupon the man who to(jk tliiin I'etilii.HU-d 
the Viceroy fur a Liberty to Sell them inti> the .Mines ; which was very h]^^ ly to have been 
granteil. F)Ut there happLiiiiiL; an IrreconciU'able l)illerence between the ( 'lovernour ol 
the Flace and him, the Co\-ernour then wrote to the Viteroy, inlcnanin;.;- him tiiat they 
were honest men, tid-;eii by the French and turned ashore, ha\iin^- no ill Intention against 
tlie Spaniards. The X'iceroy hereujion sent a special Warrant that they^lll'>uld all be Re- 
leased, and care taken to send them dowai to the Seaside, there to be put .ilioard some 
Spanish Ship, and sent to OUl Sptiin, there to be delivt;red unto the k'.ii^lish Consul. 
The New Proselytes, learnini; of thi-,, took to their Heels, met them on the Road, went 
with them for ()/(/ S/uu'/!, leavint; their New Reli.Ldon behind llu-m, tot^etlen- with a Wife 
which one of tliem had married ; and became as Cood i'rote^taiUs (to a tnlle, it I mistake 
notl as tl\e\' weie belore. d'he\' were put abo.ird Sp.iui^li -Ships, .iiid c.uried Prisoners to 
(.'.!>.•;/■.■, /:. I . .\\\A se\ei,il otiur Places m the S/'jnisi'i ///,//■'.<■, w.iilin;_; till the Pkitedetl 
went hoiiK'. My -Son with sonu- ol his t__\impanions were put on bo.ii'd ot one ol the 
iiii/i'i'its. In till.- \'oyaL;e to S/>,ii;i he was .Sei.'i.'d with a dreadful Fe\er, The Doctor, 
ha\ing usei.l his best ineaiis for him, a considerable lime, at kist pronounced him />t!s/ A'c- 
Cii'c'c?-]'. However, he let him Flood, and afterwards the \'ein opened of itself, and bled 
so Ioul; that .ill his Phjod seemed to be _L;one, and he l.i\' lor Dead. The I'.IeedinL;' stop'l. 
and so he < Uiiekly Recovered. The Captain of the (/'ii/c'ii/i told him he had no Child, .and, 
if he would Fmbrace the Catholick Faith, and be J'>;i|)ti/ed into it, and P.irt.ake of the 
^Llss, he would immediately i;ive him Three hundred Pcninds, and put him into as e,ood ,i 
W'ay to Live as he could wish for. Then the /'/\ins Inshiu/ions of .i C,\f/v M,>t/icr, loin; 
since gone to a better World, were of Precious use to him. k"or, tho' he then Lame 
(and not long alter in danger of losing liis Lei^ ) he was Phiabled to sleight all these 'I'einp- 
tations, and put his Trust in the Providence of ijcni. I must wish that sucli l-'.xperieiices .as 
these might stir up y'?r(V/Af to be more carehd in Ca/i'c/iisiin^' t/ifir c/'ii/.i'r,-!!. M^i\ that 
You, (u- soirn- Powa-rhil Person, would move the .Authority that, if it be possible, some 
more Course may be taken lor the Instructing t)f N'outh. 


"My Son was Landed at Cadiz. From thence, liy the Good Providence of God, he 
got a Passa^tje to J'of/iii^al. Vvom thence to Acio -foiuui/ a luL l'"r(Mn thence to Aait- 
tucket. And a Cure lor his Le;::;-. Mere I may not omit my Thaiddul Acknowledi^nnent of 
the Kinchiess of some (lood People whose Hearts God stirred up to liave Conipassii-n on 
my Child in his Low Estate. Tliere was a Gentleman of Jlosto/i who had some Lameness 
in liis Knees (wliose name I have for^a)t) : He in the Voya,^;e from iW-cL'-Joiiiii/lund U) 
Nantucket supplied him with Money, and was very l<ind to him. .'\t Naiitutkct several 
were exceeding- kind to liim, 1-aitertained him at tlieir Houses, gave him Monies and Gar- 
ments. When I revolve the Charity of these Good Peo|)le, it (jfieii makes me ihmk of wliat 
we read ALir. xiv. 8, 9. Lut I have not as yet had an t)pportumty in the least to retahate 
their Kindness. My .Son coming to I^/uufc Island got a Passage home h-oni thence by 

" Thus, after I'our Ye.irs were near F.xpired, I received my Son, Tin? truest Penitent 
that ever my I'^yes jjeheld I This he freely manifested hotli m i'ui)lic and in j'rivate. 
Whilst as yet in perfect Health, he took diverse O[)porlunnies to discourse jirivately with 
me. ( )nce lie told me //<■ Tcriiv believed lie had hit a 7'erv little time t,i live ; Said he, 
'I'ho' I am in perfect Health, I believe 1 have but a very little 'lime remainin:;. And, 
since iiod has been J^xceedi)ii; j/erciful to me, I threat ly desire to spend the Keniainder 
of mv li'ne very mtnh to Ills Glory. In larther Discourse he told me that a Man, whom 
he then named, had tormerly done him Great Wrong, and that he had often resolve-d to 
revenge himself. S.iitl he, I no^a freely fore^ii'c him. He added, J ha7>e not in my Child- 
hood behavcil myself so Kespectfitlly tozoards such a Man (whom he also n;imed) as I 
oue,hl. J must take a Time to bey; his Pardoi. .\nd upon F.mpiiry 1 since find that he 
did so. He now (piickly fell sick ; and he mnv said to me, Sir, my lUisiness liome raas 
to make mv Peace laith you and to J>y. I asked him with Vvliat Comfort lu- could look 
Death in the face. He an;,wered w\(:, .Uy most dear Juither, ] will Itide nothiny; from 
you. When Iioasiii Irons at Paten, I hatl a clear Manifestation of the J.ove of Cod 
in Jesus Christ unto me. I had after t/tis no Jlurden remainijiy; on my Conscience, but 
only my ivicked /'efartini^frojJ! you. J^'or -which cause I Earnestly beyyed of Co, I that 
Imiyht Live to see your Reconciled Face. 7 his I now do, and I bless iiod for it. Had 
it not bee)! for that one thiny. /would much rather have chosen at that lime to have 
died than to Live. I could now desire to Live, f Cod please to yrant it, that I may 
Glorify Itim, and be a Com.fort to you in your Cld Aye. /'.v/ I tiiink you will fnd it 
otherwise. When I perceived that he drew near his laul, I Farnestly desired, if it might 
be the Will of God, that he might liave si)me Promise in the Word of Gotl fixed w\ his 
Mind at the Time of Ills Departure. -Viid after I iiad sjiake to him, luuleax ouring to gam 
liis stedy Attenti(jn, I said, ' . // what time a Sinner' — ' Altlio your .^i/w have been 
as Crimson '— ' 'Lherc is a I-'ountain '-' Mo, every one that thirsteth,' With other Scnp- 
,tures ; in all which I purposely left out the Latter i)art (jf the Te\t, which he i.adil)- nllM 
up, and made the sense complete. 1 then, turnings to a I'riend, said, Here is yreat 
Ground of Thankfulness ! You see he is no Stranyer to these J'romises : 1 hofe he 
has improved them in the lime if his Adversity. He readily replied, 'That / have! 
many and many a time, Cchl knows. He Lived riot long after this. His whole Conver- 
sation for the I'jght Weeks (which was all the Time he lived after liis Return Home) was 
Exceeding Exemplary. Then the Lord was pleased to take from me a Son in whom I 
hoped to liave Paijoyed a IMessing. 

'•If this Account may quicken Parents in Well Teaching and Establishing their 


Children in the Funchimental Truths of Religion, anrl may achnonish Children to tal.;e heed 
of Kunniny IJndutilully from their Parents, and Irreligiously from the Means oftlraee.and 
may EncouraL;e liiose ulio do so, yet humbly, in their Distress, to Cry unto Cod, adhere to 
His Truth, and hope in His Mercy, I have my luul. And 1 have nothiuL;- further to trouble 
you witli, bui to ash your Prayers, that I and all Mine may be humbled, sruiciified and 
quickened to ]Juty to Cod, our own Souls, and one another, by all His Dispensations. 

/ ixui ]\. Sir, 

Your most Iiin/iii/i- St-r-rant, 
" LvDir ill Conitcctiiut, M. C." 

Ni'vcmb. 8, 171J." 

When this last letter was written, the " Dcare Heart " of the lover's 
epistle, Ijcfore quoted, against whose sportive playing of fast and loose, to 
try his constancy, his own simply loyal nature seems to have possessed no 
weapons of defence but a somewhat too serious tone of remonstrance, had 
for several years rested from iter labors of love as wife and " godly 
mother " (having died Novemljer 29,T704); and Matthew Griswold had 
married second!)', Ma)' 30, 1705, Mrs. Maiy Lee, wid(j\v of the Hrst TJK.tmas 
Lee of L)'me, lu'c l)e Wolf. lie died January 13, i/i?, and was buried 
■in the LJuclc River lUirying-Ground at Lyme. His last wife survived him 
till 1724, when she was laid beside him. 

He had eleven chddrcn, all by his first marriage: 

1. J^iurbc ; born Aug. 15, 1684; wIk.) died in 1702, unm. 

2. Jilizabcth ; born Nov. 19, 1685; who died in 1704, unm. 

3. SaraJi ; born Mar. 19, 1687-88; who died Jan. 4, 1760, tmm. 

4. Mattliciv ; born Sept. 15, 1688; who died in 1712, unm. — the " prod- 
igal son," retiu'ned to his father's house. 

5. ji Ml.\ (see below). 

(). (icory;i- ; boiii Aug. 13, 1692; a graduate of Yale College in 1717; 
who married : llrst, June 22, 1725, Hannah, daughter of Nathaniel L\'nde 
of Saybrook, Conn., descended from a branch of the great English Roman 
Catholic family of Digby, and probcd^ly from the van der Lindens of Hol- 
land; and secondly, July 20, 1736, his second cousin Lli/.abeth Lee (grand- 
daughter of the first Thomas Lee of Lyme by his first wife), who died 
in 1758. 

It is interesting to notice the probability that the first marriage of 
George Griswold was due to an acquaintance formed in his college-days — 
for the Collegiate School, which became Yale College, was at Sa)'br()ok up 
to the very year of his graduation ; and Nathaniel L)^nde had been one of 
its chief patrons and its first Treasurer. George Griswold's name heads 
the list of members of his class, five in number, arranged, as usual in early 


times, according' to reputed social rani':. lie was graduated with the 
second honor. His salutatory oration now lies before nie, in his own 
handwriting, the oldest Yale College document of this sort known toexi-t, 
the next to it in age being the valedictory oration tlclivered 1j}- the elder 
President Edwards at his graduation in 1720. Due regard to the schola--- 
ship of this ancient graduate of Yale, and the interest attaching to so \-a!- 
uable a relic of the infancy of the College, as well as of an earl_\- j)eri(;d in 
the history of the C\)lony of Connecticut, justifies my gixing here its exor- 
dium, aiul some other i)assages, in the original Latin. Its Lat inil}-, tliough 
occasionally fault)', challenges comparison with that of the fifth part of any 
class graduating in our day: 

" Nohilissiini, amplissimi, atiiiie etiam spectatissimi auditort's, omni ohscrvantia ro- 
Icndi, lauilil)Us(|UL- niaxiinis laudandi, hanccc oraUuiicni, ([ii>iad (]Uc(), (|uainvis iioii co 
inodo (ini.Uain prout inc oportcl, vdIms medullitus consecrarc volui —in (pia rxoplanuis ac 
precamur manum diviiiani brncticia vobis pro vcstris merilis coiik-iaa*. W'slrarum \ii-tu- 
tuin profuiulitas noii potest a ni)l)is cxquiri, ncc vos in nostra oratiuiie i'<.int;rue .-.alulari, prop- 
ter tlosculoruni RhelDricae inopiam in ea repcrtam ; ncc assuniiniu:^ aliquid dc ve^tris \ir- 
tiilil)Us ^arrirc, (jiiod . . . vos oninii)Us niaximisqiu- splendoriljus aiiinii ac corporis 
pracditi cstis, ct divina luinianaiiuc doctrina ornati. 

" X'estra pracsc-ntia niaxinuiiu dccorcni sumnuunquc nitorcni liiiicce dici adfcrl, (jui 
supremo ^audio lac[iti,'npie nos ^^audcre cllicil, (pieni terrac cjuondianae indc lali'^Mlae r.iia- 
tiones tandem tulernnt. O tVlix dies, (; felix tempus in cpio noster microcoMiuis omin/in 
ejus i^loriain induit, ac ejus splcndore resplendet, re[)rcsemal(juc macr(jcosmum ; luc dies 
est practerendus, oinnihuscjue prae])onendus, ac ad tIexUam omnium aliorum consederc 
debet. Iiu'ocentur omnes Alusae canticum laetishimum cantare, et coelesies tc rrcstrestine 
inhabitatores in luijus diei celebrationc unaidmiler cons[)irenl. (J exeellentissime die-,, 
tantd p;impa, tali amplitiidine ornate, in quo doctrina S(jlio suinmae di^iiitalis se-sc lollii ab 
alto, ac iiuilTabili luce sese omniiiu:, illu-iliat. O illustrissima prac-siiiuia doctorum, o quam 
tantiipeie >.',audemus p rlaeium at(|ue jucuiidissimum luiiusce diei spectaculum .cspicere, in 
(pii) mj,oiale'. primUesque Reqtublicae cum pinlmulis^mn) dt)i-t.'rnm (aunair.-u 
Ciin;^reL;aiUur . . . I't Iuijuncc diei ponq)a i^loriaipic .lu^ereiUur, impediat ali(|uiil 
terrae motidiiem, ut sdl no!)is imm(>bili^ stare \ideatur, cpiasi ab ejus cursu desisleict, 
qiiasicjue vultu placido nostra lu-L^Dtia prospic ret, ne corpora coele^lia, terrestria aliquo 
conta'^io homines (ilfeiiso alliciant | /. c. 'I'o increase the ponq) and Ldi)r\- <jl this <l.i\', iihiy 
ikt; lUirf/i's }i!olion Iw i/ii/'cdi'if, so that tlic sun iit,iy a/>/>car to us tii stand f'/V/, as ifde- 
sistint; from its course, and takiiiL;' note ofour altairs \\ith placid t.iee, lest cele-stial or ter- 
restrial bodies should smite men with any contaL;inn|. ,Sed omnia conseiiliunt aliritii<l 
splendori literarimi conferre. Studiis liter.irum intellcctus noii tantum dilatatur, ^ed eliam 
voluntas re^^ulatur : luimanitas uii)|ue ex rcL^ulis ejus colliL;imlur. rhilo-^ophu-, iion 
tantum reiaim ( cv^aiitione et intelliL;enti.'i su|)er alios eminere sokt, scd et niorum ]>rai'stan- 
tia, nam doctrina ' emollit mores, nee sinit esse fei-os.' Sicut virtus voluntatein, sic rerum 
scientia intellectum perlicit. O quid dicemus, o (|uibus ar^^umentis ratiocinaliimur, ut 
homines sti|)ulemur justos labores pro literarum acquisitione su^cipcre : a (piihus i'^navi 
cito deterrentur ! Sed si tinis coronat opus, fructus beneficiaquc c studiis literarum pi'o- 
fluentia pro inaxirais ditficultalibus m ea acquirenda ferendis sutlicieiiter satislacicnt." 



Mis address to the Governor of the Colony is, in part, as follows : 
" Sed ne tcniinis tcreremus, ac omnibus ct sinmilis, pi-out ordo tain dnctrinac (inain vir- 
tutum rc((uiril, oi-atiouem iioslram luiiic in nioiluin (iniin sul>iiiissii)iie puhlicf imlicanuis: 
Iniprimis honuralissimo, pi-ai-(;ellLMUibsiniij([uc vn'o, doctihSiint; domiiKj (airdoii Saitoiistall 
ani\iL;em, j^uburnaUM-i Coloiiiac Coniu-clicutcnsis, (pia^i super ;^cnua flccta nn--irain ora- 
tioiK'in prac-brinus !/.(■. J'drst of all, to Mr. C.urdon Sallonstall, bearci- of licraldic arms, 
(lovcrnor of the Ctilony ol Connecticut, we tender our discourse iis on lu-nifcil kiii-,-s\ n\\\ 
est homo praestantissimus, [)ermuUis, pernia;_;nis prei iosissimisque facuhatibus tam animi 
([uam corporis indutus, (juibus non t.intum honor iiuicce Coloniiiae a(heiiui-, sid \\\ 
pcreL,rrinis rcL^ionibus lama ejus semper maL;i^ ac niai;is vacatur ; exnnius hilLjDr ejus 'd(u-iac 
soli simdis coruscatioiiem steliarum omnium quae ipsi praecesserunt obscurare \ideiur. O 
Ions saj)ientiae, (|uam plurimas le^es tulisti, sapieiitissiino consdio coiisullus, (|Uarum ob- 
servantia ad Republicae cnmmodum pluiimum leiidit ! Le,L;il)US luis re(pnrmuir ac 
dirii^'imur utiles c.tsc patriae, Colonial- et societatd)us in (juilius coilocamur. Donnne 
clarissime . . . o (piain jucundum est nobis a^])icere homineni i_iminbus ac sin-vdis 
virtutiiius ornatmn in summo imperii statu illaluni . . . maiisuetudo tua, ci\ilitas 
ailibilitas(|ue cr;^"a inferiores (.um adnnratione aspi(duntur \!.i'. Most illustrious Sir 
thy m'lU/t-UcSS, i-f'ifr/i'sy and i'lfiihilily to i)tfcrioys are behekl with adndration]. O 
l>enij;-nitas inellabilis <piae tuis artir)idbus c-ri^-a ornnes exprimitur . , . omnes luae 
actiones in summa justitia iniliantur, sumu'iacpie ae(iuitate <~onsumniantur . . . 'nnd 
ultra possumus co^itare, (piid ultra ])ossunuis dicere dit^num praiibcai i, de tali iliustrissimo 
atque etiam lidelis-^nno l; ubeiaiatore ? sed tanlum praeca\ 1 (piod laud'S opernm tuoriim, 
pro (|ud)us td)i unmortales ai^imus j^M^alias, in perpetuum vi\ant m ore vixentium." 

In a similar strain of euloi;y he next addresses the Lietitenant-Cinver- 
nor and other magistrates of the body ])o]itic; and then the re\'erend 
curators of the '• iVcademy," thus: 

"Omnis splendore ;^eneris, eruditione, iirudentiacpie ])rae(darissimis dominis, patronis 
ac fautoidbus lionorai\dis hancce oratioiiem salutatoriam omni animi subjeclione conse- 
crare \'')lLnnu^ -\aris sa|ientia pietaieque pi'aeditis, (juorum cui'a.e ac iiis|)ei Honi mtuui'a 
public,!, ian\ cede ,iastica (juam scholastica, comnuu uiitur, m (puluis mmnribus sic 
senutipsos L;es^rrunt ut omnium admiralionem acquisi\ taui'i. <> lidelissimi l\\.in:;elii 
minihtri, a Chri^to coustituli ad \-erbum eius prat^dicaiulum, ecclesiam(|Ue o'\y\-, re;_;t ndain, 
O homines [leritissimi, tam in ecclesia conL;rei;'a nda (|uam C(jnser\ amla, \e-)tr.i munei'a tam 
bene perrun;_;imini (|uam laudibus altissmiis laudari nuremini, beni'tliciiones p^lurimorum 
in \estra capita (juiescunl, propter co:isolationes illis per vos di\-initus comm!-->as; \ estrorun\ 
laljorum tVuctum videtis, eoipie L^audetis, vestris instructiondnis .ic dncctionibus plurimi 
ad Deum conx'ersi fuerunt. O quam conhrmatam ac corroboiMlam eccb-siam liabemus ex 
verbis veslroruni labiornm fpiotidic nutritam ! \'estcr amm- In niL;nitas(iue vx'j^.x i-am tam 
iiiaL,oia quam rnulta sunt (|Uod ea debet heo benedicere, ac \os extollerc, ]iroplta' \cstram 
benevolcntiam ei Iar_t;'itam. Heneficia ecclesiastica una cum scholasticis i;rato aidnio 
rt'cipimus. " 

Then the learneil l^ector, Samuel Andrew, is similarly salutetl, in an 
address endini; with these woi'ds : 

"Sed etiam liaec academia summo honorc summoc|ue spUaidore ac laudibus di'^nissinds 
a tali Rcctore corouatur, (jucdis sini^ulis ac omnibus doctrinac ornamentis, et maxima 

l> . 


aninii Ibrtitiidine, decoratur, a cujus il!uminati()nc nostra acadomia cum sumniis academiis 
litt-ratis cunlenderc audct ; tanta mini sunt tjus fiv^^i nos nuTila iiuanla a nobis rcniuncrari 
non i^ossunt, scd lantum gratissinio ac dL'dilissimo anin'o aL,MHisci." 

The other mstvuctovs, /onr tntors o/i/v, one a t^raduate of four )'ears 
standing, and two of only three }'ears — the most conspicuous ot \\h;):n. 
were Samuel Johnson, afterwartis I'rcsidcnt of Columbia Collci^e, and 
Elisha Williams (though not a graduate of Yale, the successor of Cutler in 
the presidency) are saluted as follows: 

" rroximociue screnissiniis ac non uno lilerarum genere doctissimis iliis viris, omnium 
disci|)linarum sciciuia iiracdilis, nostris nempe vigilantissimis instiiutni-ihus oi-alioncni 
omni salute pracl)cinus, (|ui . . . ad cidmcn doctrinac attii^erunt, ail('ni(|Ui- a cipite ad 
calccm invcsti'MVcrunt | /. ('. Next, to those nKJst august men, most learned in ail hi-ainhes 
of letters, endued with knowledge oi' all sciences, our mo:-,l \igil;int !nst]-uri(jr.-., do \vc 
address ourselves with every salutation — to ihrtw 7l'//(> /.'d7'L- ridihcd the jiiinuu Ic ^J Icarn- 
im;;. and ha-.u: iiivcstii^atcd the prlncil'lcs of sdoice from to[> to l',>tto>n\. 1 1 Mu-aruni 
fautores, omnihusdoctrinae dotdjus induti, qui' alios videre pro scientia sludiosissime (piae- 
rentes magiiopere delectanl, (]ui a nulla industri.l nullotjUe lahore abstinuerunt hberali.i 
principia artium in nos inslillare ! . . . O geiierosis-^iini homines, noi/i^ benigni^simi, 
omnibus illos amabiles reddenlibus induti, sum inaipje doeendi ta(aiUate praed.ti, in (|ua 
unusquisque doctoruni nobis praeandmlavit I l^omiui ( larissimi, ])enevolenliam onniium 
sub vobis docli-niau\ i|uaerenlium .idepti kieritis ; propter beuelic ioruin tarn permagnoruni 
(piam iiermultorum coUalionein, llumina siientiae a l.d)ii^ ve^tris ad nos prolluennit ; dis- 
tillati()ncs([ue optimae ac exoptatae doctrinae in nos tpiotidie cecideruiU. (.) ulinam nos 
negligentia oblivionetiue non alTeclos fuisse ! c[uam corroborali, (|uam coiilirmati in rebus 
utilissimis ac nobis necessariis fuissemus, qtiilnis propter no^t^am iiuuriam tantum in 
dura matre iml^uimur. Pro his benetkiis nobis gratuito collatis maximain gratiarum red- 
(litionein reddimus." * 

With which of \\\c rc\-crend pastors of the Colon)-, whose learning and 
\'irlues were so hi;;hly exlolled 1.))' the )'oiing gratltiate, he studied, alter 
the manner of his time, to i)rcpare himself for the ministerial ollice, we 
are not informed. lie began preaching at East J>yme in 1719; the next 
year jn-ovision \\-as made for his continuing thei-e, and on the ^oth of J;in- 
uary, 1724, according to the church-records, he was invited to settle for 
life. Upon his acceptance of this call a chmxh was organized, and he was 
installed Pastor. Of his ministerial life there exist, ha]ipily, some me- 
morials, in notes of sermons, dated from 1721 to 1758, and other original 
memoranda. The handwriting of the sermons, liowever, is so mintite and 
faded with age that 1 shall give a specimen of only one of them, preached 
1757-58, on the text : " l'\)r what shall it profit," etc., .Mark viii. 36, 37 : 

* The original manuscript of tliis oration is now deposilcd in llio lilnarv of Vali- College, 
a gift froru Deacon George Griswold of Fast Lyme, Conn., great-giand,on of the author. 



" If the soul be so precious as has been sliewn, from the word luit now read, then take 
heed of abusing- your souls. Christians, Ciod hath <(ivcnyou S(juls tliat sparkle with divine 
beauty — oh, do nothiiiL;" unworthy of your souls, do not abuse thcni ! 'I'hure are divers sorts 
of persons ihat abuse their souls. You de;.^Tade your souls th;U set the world above your 
soulb, who ' |)ant after the dust of the earth ' — as if a man's hou>e were on lire, and he 
should take care to preserve the lumber, but let his clnld be burnt in the lire. They 
degrade and abuse their souls that make their .-^ouls lackeys to their Ijodies ; tlie body is but 
the bruiish i)art, the sold is the anyeliccd ; the soul is the ([Ueen-re-^cnt who is adi>rned 
with the jewels of kiKnvledye, and sways the scepter of hlierty : oh, what a pity is it that 
this excellent soul should be made .1 vass.d, and be put to L;-rind in the mill, when the body 
in the mean time- sits in a chair of stale! Solomon compl.uns of an evd under the sun — 
Keel. X : 7, • I have seen servants upon horses, and jirinces walkin;^- as servants U[)on the 
earth' — is it not an e\il under the sun to see the body rithng- in pump and trium])h, and 
the soul of man, a royal and heaven-born thin;^^ as a lackey walkinL,^ on foot? I'ersous 
abuse their soms that sell their souls ; the co\etous person sells his soul for money ; as it 
is said ol the lawyer, he haih a toiv^aie that will be sold lor a lee, so the coNetous m.m hath 
a soul that is to be set for sale lor money : Achan did sell his soul for a wed-e of o'old ; 
Judas did sell liis soul for silver . . . The amfiitious person sedls Ids soul lor honors, 
as Alexander the 6''' ilitl sell his soul to the devil lor a popedom ; and what is honor but a 
torch liL;IUed by t!ie breatli of ];eople, with the least inilf of censure blown out.'' Iiow 
many souls ha\'e been Idinvn to liell by the wind of popular applause ! The \oiupluous 
I)ers(in sells his sou! Uir pleasure; one drowned himsell in sweet water, so many drown 
their souls in the sweet, perfumeil waters of ]i!easure. I'lato tailed pleasure the bait that 
Li!c!.v:- ~ j:s. . . . TJcy abuse ll;rir souls :!:..: p.. :s.>a !h. a- s.i;;s; errc! is .: sv,cc: 
ooison, ic IS tae mvention of ch^ devi', ; you may as \vca dair.a VHir s -uis Lr. ei;or as •. ;C'--. 
ar;d may as so(jn go to hell for a drmd^en opirdi;n as lor a drLud.en hie. \'ou abu-e your 
souls that starve your souls ; these are they that say they are above ordinances, but sure 
you shall not be abo\'e ordinances till yeiu are abo\e sin. 

"And now, my bi'ethren, who wouhl serve so unprotitable a master as sin is ? . . . 
let me expostulate the case with the ambitious man, who aspires unto gia-al digniiies, hon- 
ours an<l promotions in this world : \vhat are all these in compai'ison ol his soul? many 
have loeat titles, honouiable n.imes in this world, who shall be de;.;raded ol .dl in the 
world to eome ! what is honour? K is but momentary; what would rich co. its of arms, 
great dignities, [jreUaaiients, honours, popular obsei'vance advantage your precious soul ? 
The a])ostle tells, ' Not m.iiiv wise men alter the llesh, not many mighty, not maiiy noble 
I are] called, but Cod lutli chosen the foolish things of the world:' he doth not say ' not 
any ' ; some ai'e ennoliK.-d by a as well as a natui'al biitli, but olt-limes great digni- 
ties, preferments, honours, promolions, are (dogs .ind hindrances to the soul 
wherefore, then, shouKI any man labour more f)r greatness than goodness, prelerring 
favour of men bef)re the favour of (lod, high [)laces on earth before the high places in 
heaven ? 

At tlic same time that he ministered to his own parish, he preached 
for several years to the neii^diboring- Indian tribe of the Niantics, having a 
commission as missionary to them from the Commissioners tor l^ropagat- 
ino- the Ciospel in New England and parts adjacent in .America. A record 
of services under this commission, kept by him from 1744 to I74(\ shows 


that in those years he gathered Indians together, for religious instruction, 
as often as from two to five times monthl}-, usually in numbers from 
twenty to forty. In this connection a vote of the Commissioners, in 
1757, is somewhat significant, that, coiisideriiig it '' likelv' the Indians of 
Nihantic might be br(jught more generally to attend the Rev. Mr. Ciris- 
wold's lectures, in case they icerc less fr. (jHciit, the said ^U. r,ris\vc>ld l)e in- 
formed that the Commissioners would have him, for the future, to i)reach 
a lecture to them only once a fortnight, instead of doing it weekly as at 
present." Doubtless an assembly of Indians might try the powers of any 
preacher, and Mr. Griswold was, at this time, no longer young; }-et, to 
judge by those of his sermons which remain to us, he probabl\' was not 
gifted with that natural eloquence which has ever been so highly a[)pre- 
ciated, as well as exemplified, by our native Indians. Nor could he have 
had the pathos of a ]3avid Braincrd, whose deeply compassionate appeals 
to the dusky children of the forest at Stockbridge were often answered 
by tears. Upon the whole, however, his ministry must have been more 
than ordinarily useful, if we may judge b}' the following contemj)eM-aneous 

obituary : ••■ 

" Lyme in Con'., i<) ' )ri., \j(>\.. 

" On Wednesday last died the llev' Mr. (leop^H' Oriswold, of )■" 2'' Suckty in Lyme, 
after nicire ihan Seven Weeks I'amful Illness, in y^' 70''' year ul his u-e, and in \ '■ 37"' Vear 
of his Ministry. 

" lie \va^ a Grave, Judicious and Ciodly Divine, very Laborious and Succes-^hd in his 
ministry : he was a branch of an Honorable family in y'' town ; I^arly under \ery .Semu-, 
Impressions of Relii;ion, and Receivt.-d a Ivemarkabb' Cliani;e by the Orace .ddod, about 
y= 15"' or 10''' Year ot his Ai^i-, whicli is supjxjsed the Le-inninL;- of the Divine Life in his 
Soul. Thenceibrward it was y'- reii^niiiL;- Care, and Business and Pleasure of his Lite to 
Serve C.od, and ilo Oood to maid;i!ul. lie had early a thirst for Learnin-, which was now 
iiu're,is(,d in him, ,ind w .is 'MMlitied in .i Liberal 1 '.due. ii ion, by which he po'parel \ov 
y-- (".real Work tnr which he was desi-ned ofilod. lie enteretl the Ministry under wirious 
Discouragements, but was en,t^a,-ed to undertake it from an animating Love to Ood, to 
immortal Souls, .and to )'- Sacred Work, which ol Choice he preferred to any of )" Imploy- 
ments of this World. He was very vi;.,nlant and Dilij^ent and Laborious m fulhllinL;- liis 
Ministry amoii-;- the I'ecjple of his Char-e and to y"-" Xeluintick Indians, whom he 
y«Care of for many years. The Chief Subjectsof his I'reachin;; were y-- -reat Doctrines ot y-' 
glorious Gospel ; his Manner was jjlain ami Solemn, and his evident .Aim to wmSuiils, .md to 
(lirectandengage to Christian Practice ; and his Labours were Ldessed of God t.i yMlood ot 
Many. He was an excellent Christian of y= I'rimiuve Stamp, of great humility and (Guileless 

* I copy what seems to be the orii^ina) draft. Its cliiroc,Tapliy, coinpared with that of Ivcv. 
Jonathan Tarsoiib of Lyme, leads me to conjecture that he \va> the author of it. lie was a near 
iieiyhhor and miuisleiial associate of Rev. ('.eOri;e Griswold for fcjurteen years, and Ins iiepliew hy 
marria'.'c ; and the two were in close sympathy with each otlier, theologically. Allliouidi l'ai-,ons 
had ceased to reside u\ Lyme after 1745, family-ties must have hrouglit him there often, as long as 
he lived. 


Integrity in his Walk betnreGod anil Man, a lover of (",od and good men, fervent in his Devo- 
tions, given to hospitality, and very exemplary in all Christian 1 )iuies, ht^Ui rcdative and I'cr- 
sonal, as a husl.iand, i'arent, Neighbour, friend, a Shiiung h.xamijlc to y believers, in Word 
and Doctrine, in Con\ersation and Charily, in Spirit, faith and Codhiiess, I'untv, I'eaceahle- 
ness. Righteousness and every (lOod Work. I^xtrcmely temperaic in all things, of eminent 
Patience and Meekness, winch Shone out in him, with an amiable Lustre, in the Severe 
(\ ami long trials with v/hich it ])leased (jod to exercise him, especiallv fnr many latter 
^^ years of his Ministry ; and in his Last Illness Christ was all his dependence, and had 
^ much I'eace and comfort in behe\'ing, to y>= Last. 

"A well atlapted Sermon was preached at Ids funeral By y Iv.ev-' Mr. Jewett to a 
Large and alllicted Auditory, from .Tolm i : 47, ' Behold,' etc." 

lie died October 14, 1761. By his marriage to Hannah Lynde he had 
two sons, George and S)dvanus (afterwards the Rev. Sylvan tis), and two 
daughters; by KHzabelh Lee he had the same ntmiber of cliihlren, again 
divided eciualiy between sons and chiughters ; liis two \-otinger sons were 
Samuel and vVndrew. Hi,; daughter I^lizabeth, b)' the first marriage, mar- 
ried J(;hn ]va)-mond of Montville, Conn., and l:)ecame the am-estress of 
riieodcre Ivayniond, hLsq., now of Norwich, Conn, 'hhis John Raymond's 
father hat! married, for his second wife, Sarah L\'nde, a sister of the first 
wife of the Rev. (George Ciriswold. 

The male line of descent from him branched out widely, constittiting 
what has l)ecn called the Giant's Neck branch of (jriswolds, from the place 
of his residence. hVom his son George were descended, in the third gen- 
eration, the ))rincely brother-merchants of New \'ork, Nathaniel I,\-nde 
ami George tiriswold (b. 1773 ami 1777) ; also, Thonias Griswold, the 
father of Mrs. I'"di7,abeth Griswold, now of Lynte, wid.ow of Charles Chand- 
ler Griswold, who was descended from the first Matthew 1)\- another line 
which I shall presently take up — the Hlackhall br<inch, as it may be ])rop- 
erly called, that property of the first Matthew G''isw(jld having been UK^stly 
held by them ever since his da}'. 

John L\'nd(.r (iriswold, \\'ho passed a serene and l.ieneficent old age at 
Peoria, ]11. (dying January 15, iScS^), was a son of the elder of the two 
eminent merchants of New York. A sister n{ his, Catharine Ann (d. i857\ 
was the wife of Peter Lorillard of New York; a half-sister, Mar\', is the 
widow of Alfred Pierpofit I'ldwards of New York, a sc^n o( the late Henry 
W. hxlwards, (Governor of Connecticut. One of the sons r)f George Gris- 
wold, the younger of the two New York mercliants, was l\ichar(.l Sill 
(d. 1 847"), wdiose second wife and widow, 1'" ranees Augusta (Mather), now 
lives in L}'me. He left three children: i. Louisa Mather, now the wile 
of General Joseph Griswold Perkins of Lyme, whose mother was a Gris- 


wold of thcBlackhcill branch ; 2. Richard Sill, now of Lyme; and 3. Fanny 
Au'nista, now the wife of Professor Nathaniel ]\Iatson Terry, of the United 
States Naval School at Annapolis, Aid. A dau-htcr n[ the New York 
merchant George Griswold, Matilda (half-sister of Richard Sill, Sen^, is 
the wife of the present Secretary of State, JM-ederick iM-elinglniysen ; and 
a sister of hers by the whole blood is the widow of John C. Green of New 
York, the great patron, of late years, of the College of New jersey. 

Mrs. Elizabeth Griswold, the widow of Charles Chandler Griswold, has 
two children: T. Elizabeth Diodate, now the wiilow of judge William C;ris- 
wold Lane, her second cousin, a descendant of the hrst Matthew by the 
Blackball branch, of Sandusky, Ohio ; and 2. Sarah Johnson, now the wife 
of Lorillard Spencer, and mother of four children, of whom one is hTea- 
nora the wife of Virginio Cenci, Prince of Vicovaro, Italy, ChandDerlain of 
the i^resent King of Italy, and a Lady of Honor to her Majesty the Italian 

A Griswold by descent has favored me with the following note on some 
of the prominent physical traits of the family : "The original Griswolds 
seem tf) have been blue-eyed, very tall, large-boned, muscular, athletic and 
powerful. Py the marriage of the Rev. George Griswold to Hannah L)-nde, 
some of the beauty of the soft and regular features, and fine complexions, 
hereditary with the Uigby-Lyndes, came into that branch of the family. 
The Wolcotts were also a tall race, but with fuller forms, black eyes, rich 
brunette complexions, and much beauty of the t>'pe which is still mail:ed 
in the Wolcott family of to-day. This \Yolcott beauty has characterized 
many of the Blackball branch of Griswolds, who are twice AYolcotts by 
descent, as we shall see, throujdi the marriage of Grovernor Alatlhew (.ris- 
wold. atlded to that of his great-grandfather, the first Matthew." 

The ancestral property of Giant's Neck fell, in the course of time, into 
the hands of those great merchants of New York who have been named, 
grandsons of the Rev. George Griswold; and a stone church still stands— 
though no longer used — which they Inn'lt on a spot conseci tted by the 
pious labors of their grandfather. But, ceasing to care for the old prop- 
erty, they sold it, and that beautiful site is now given u]) to a large fac- 
tory of fish-fertilizcrs. Yet, on all the varied and beavitiful shore between 
the mouth of the Connecticut and New London there is no spot so ])ict- 
uresquc and beautiful as Giant's Neck. The end of the Neck, stretching 
out into the Sound, is a Hat formation of rock, making a natural wharf 
surrounded by deep water. 7\s one looks out upon the pretty islands that 
cluster about the rock-bound shore, and into the wide ocean beyond, sum- 


mer-villas rise to the imagination, with grounds of varied beauty for which 
nature has well inx-jjared the way, and a grou]) ol ))lcasure-boats and 
yachts, some riding at anchor in the offing, others mooretl at tlie natural 
wharf ; A\'hile the rails, a short distance aA\'ay, connect this charming re- 
treat of one's fancy with the great city. What might not hax'e been made 
of the site, had it been improved by the wealth of its inheritors! 

Having now completed what I propose to say of the Giant's Neck 
branch of Griswolds— referring onlj'to Chancellor Walworth's ][)'de Gene- 
alogy for further jiarticulars — I return to enumerate other children of 
Matthew and I'lux'be (ITyde) (jriswold, )'ounger than their son the Rev. 
George Griswold : 

7. Mary ; born Apr. 22, 1694; who married, Sept. 4, 1719, Edmund 
Dorr ; and died h'eb. 2 1, I 7/6. One of their sons\\'as the Rev. Edward iJorr 
(b. 1722, graduated at Yale College in 1742), a pastor of the First Church 
of 1 lartford, Conn., from 174S. Their daughter Eve (b. 1733) married, in 
1762, CJeorge CirilTm of East Iladdam, Conn., ruul was the mother of the 
distinguished clergyman Re\'. Dr. Edward Dorr GrilVin, and of the great 
lawyer George Griffui of New ^'ork ; alsf) of Phcebe liriflin, \\-ho marrieel 
Joseph Eord of L}me, the mother of ]\Irs. I'licebe (Lord) Noyes, wife of 
the late Deacon Daniel R. Noyes of E)'me, of the late Miss Harriet Lord 
of L}'me, of Miss Frances Jane Lord now of L\'me, and other children. 
Messrs. Daniel R. and Charles P. Noyes of St. Paul, Minn., Mrs. E. \\. 
Kirl)y of St. Louis, Mo., Mrs. George Loveland of W^ilkesbarre, I'a., and 
]\Irs. Charles II. Ludington of New York City — all cliildren of Daniel Iv. 
and Phoebe (Lord) No)'es — are great-great-grandchildren of Mary Gris- 

S. /V/'.7(/// ,• born in 1696; ^\•ho married, C)ct. i<), 1721, Alajor Robert 
Denison of New London, Conn, (his second wife); and died between 
1730 and 1733, leaviui'; several children. Her husl)and " Awis a cai)tain in 
General Roger W^olcott's brigade at the taking of Louisburgh, and was 
afterwards promoted to the rank of ^Major and of Colonel. He removed to 
Nova Scotia,""' and was known as " Col. Robert Denison of Horton, N.S.," 
as early as 1761. Family-papers of the Denisons slKnv that they were 
royalists. Col. Robert Denison, in his will, proved at Horton in 1765, 
bequeathed his " Cape Breton gun and silver-hilted sword," and " the gun 
brought froni Lake George." 

9. Saimicl : born in December, 1697; who " died June 10, 1727, aged 
29 years 6 months," unm. 

* Hyde Genealogy, ut sujira, i. 55. 


10. Patience; born in 1698; who married, between Nov. 2, 1724 and 
Mar. 28, 1728,'"" John l)enis(jn, brother of her sister Deborah's husband; 
aiul (bed Nov. 8, I77<>, ha\'in<;- hael sons and dau;j,hters. 

11. T/ioiiias ; born in February, 1700; who "died July 27, 1716, aged 
16 years and 5 months." f 

John, fifth child and second son of !\Iatthew and Phcebe (Hyde) Gris- 
wold, through whom descends the Blackball branch of the Griswold fam- 
ily, was born Decendjcr 22, 1690; married, June 23, 1713, Hannah Lee, 
his step-sister (by his father's second marriage, to Mrs, Mary Lee — see 
above), who died May I I, 1773 ; and died September, 22, 1764. His grave- 
stone in the Duck River Rurying-Cjround at Lyme reads as follows: 

"Sacred to the Mcii-iory of John Ciriswolil, who, after haviii^r sustained the PuMii-, 
ofliees of Justice of llie peace and of tlie (luorum for many years, departed this hie .Se|)t. 
22"'i 1764, in the 74"! year of !iis a^-e;" 

and in a note to a funeral sermon preached on his daughter rhu:!:)e's 
death, it is said that he " \\as not onl\' a dentleman of great wealth; but 
also was much beloved and esteemed b\' his townsmen and ac(iuaintance 
for his su])erior wisdom and integrity." .As the eldest stir\'iving soii of his 
father, he had, by the law as it then stood, a dotd)le port i( mi oI the ])ater- 
nal estate; to which he adtled 1))' repeated purchases. A few illustrations 
of the state of New l^igland socioty in his time, taken from f.imil\--i)a["»ei-s, 
will not be out of place here. 

Two deeds of negro men, "sold and delivered " to him during his life, 
have been preserved ; and his inventory inckules a negr*) girl I'ltillis. Li 
all probability these are only a representation of his household-slaves. As 
justice of the I'eaee, presentments wei'e made to him, at dilicrent times, 
for [)rofanation of the Sabbath, " in }■'" 'I'ime of Divine woi'^hip . ... in 
y'= nieetin!;--lIotise . . . . by unbecoming Carriage (viz.), b)' coulinuing to 
Laugh and provoke others )■' sat witli him to do so also, b_\- uhi'-pt-rin;,;, 
and by s[)ealdng out so Loud as to be heard l)y several persons, and h\- 
pricking y'^ bo)-s with pins y' sat with him in y* seat''; l^y "gc.iiig, betv.eon 
meetings, into y' orchard . . . near y'' Mecting-House and beating Down 
y^ apples off y'= Trees " ; and that "... Did tmnecessaril)' fin Said Da\- 
Travil from Said house to c^ne Sertain Called Mason's I'ond in C(-)lchester, 
. . . and then and there unnecessarily, Li a Canoe, proceed upon saitl pond, 

* Proved by two si;T;natnres of liers, as maid and wife lespeclivcly, of tluse two dates. 

I 'Vhc birth-monlhs of 'I'homas and Samuel arc determined by iiiscrijitioiis on lluir ^navestones 
in the Duck Kiver r.uryin',':-(_uound at Lyme. A draft of a will of Thomas, made when he was 
" very sick & weak in body," is dated i~ib. 


and did and exercised Labour by fishing in said Pond"; that "... Did 
pkiy Cards in a private liouse, Contrary to y" Laws of this Government" ; 
and "a couple of young fellows" were accused before him "with L)-ing." 
What singular manifestations are these, in a land of dearly l^ought fri'e- 
dom, of an over-weening zvA to enforce religious lormalilies, to restrain 
personal liberty arbitrarily, and to treat immoralities themscl\-es, ii-respect- 
■ ive of the injuries to society which they occabion, as j^unishable b}' human 
law ! We hnd, also, among the faniily-papers, a memorandum, dated Aug. 
12, 1746, of [Kiyment being due from the Colony of ("onnecticut to John 
Griswold " for boarding four souldiers that were Lilisied in y"" I'Lxpedition to 
Canada" — a memorial of the Cape Ih'cton Lxpedition in the (_)ld i'h-ench 
War; in which his brother-in-law Denison was an officer ot tlistinction, as 
wc liave seen, and Ivoger Wolcott held an important command, whose 
daughter had been for nearly thi'ee }'ears the \\'ife of his son ?\Iatthew. 

Idle home of John Ciriswold A\'as a house which he built A\here now 
stands the house of judge Matthew (jriswohl (his grandson, 17(^0-1842") in 
the IMackhall Avenue. Judge Matthew is said to ha\-e made his house 
exactly like that of his grandfather, to })lease his o\\ n father the Go\'ernor. 

The children of John, and Hannah (Lee) Griswold were: 

1. Matthew (see below). 

2. J V/aiu- ;'''•' born Apr. 22, 1716; who married, Dec. 14, 1731, the Rev. 
Jonathan Parsons of L}'me ; and died Dec. 26, 177C). Her husband was 
graduated at Wde College in 1729, and settknl as Pastor of the k^irst Church 
of Lyme in 1731, after having studied f<3rthe mini^■.tr}' with the Ivev. kVlisha 
Williams, Rector of Vale College, and with the Rev. Jonathan kltlwards of 
Northampton, Alas^. In the da)'s of "New Liglit " theology, and of the 
ministerial nu-thods grow in < out ^A it, he being \varn\l}' in la\-or ot them, and 
of Wdiitefield, the eloquent preacher of the new views (who twice visited 
him, and "preached from a rock on his grounds near the ])resent meeting- 
liouse, since known as the ' Whitefield Ri^k ")," he encountered oppositi(^n, 
and finally took a dismission, .md removed to Newburj-port. iMass., where 
lie died ; and where, in his house, as is well kuiown, Whilefield had previ- 
ously died. Of Mrs. Parsons it is said, in a funeral sermon preached on 
her death : 

"The Cod of Nature was pk-ased to furnish her with mental endowments to an uncom- 
mon degree. In tlie solicHty other iuilc;nient and i^enetralion of mind she shone sujierior 

* Reference is to he had to the Hyde Gencaldf^y for further particulars rc^pectiiiir tlie yoiin;:;er 
children of John CirihUoUl, wliich I Irtc omit — my ohject hcing, ehiclly, tu fuUow ihe line ol de- 
scent tlirough Ills eliild ^hUthe\'.■. 
Vol. XI. -No. 2.-11 


to most of her sex ; in canvassing- many (lifficiilt points slie could clistini;-ui.^li with surpris- 
ing clearness. 

" For readiness, liveliness and keenness of wit she appeared to me unrivallVl. The 
a>T"reable sallies of social endowment have often exciied my esteem and admiratiun. 
Such a degree of penetration and agreable sprigluliness seldom meet in the- same ]ierson. 
ller ingenious friends, whom she lavored with lier letters, can testify with v.-liat correct- 
ness and spirit, witii what nistriicti\-e solidity and elegant viwulty, she could write'. 

"Such was her courage antl lirmncss ol resoluti(jn as you can seldom find m the deli- 
cate sex . . . 

" Her indefatigable industry in the afQiirs of her family was trtilv remarkable . . . 

"Her knowledge of ("leography and History, especially her critical acquaintance with 
Church History, was truly rare. 

" Knowledge in Divinity enters deep into licr character. Comparatively but few of her 
.sex, 1 believe, have h;id tluir minds more enriched with that trt :isure 

" She was a person ol much chriNtian sim[)!icity and iniegrity ; ol an ujinght. sincere 
anil conscientious turn ol mind ; a Ijitter enemy to all unchristian craltineas and sly de- 
ceit . . . 

"Though she was honorably descended, and lived in an honoralde station, yet she 
coidd, without the least selt-denial, condescend to the meanest ot the human race. . . . 

"She was possest of great sensibility of heart, was much acc|uainted with the tender 
and delicate emotion-, ol humamly and symp.ilhy "'' 

A son f)f the ]\-cv. Jonathan antl lMioel)C ((Iriswoltl) l\ar.sons was Colonel, 
afterwards Cieneral, .Sanuiel Iloklen I'arsons (b. 1737); ^vh() sttidied law 
with his tmcle Gov. ^Matthew Griswold,was made Kiivg's Att(irne)- in 1774, 
and removed to New London ; but at the commencement of the Ivevtdti- 
tion entered actively into titilitarv' ser\-ice, was at the battle ol Inmlcer 
Hill, was made a IhT^^adier (General in 1 776, distin;:;uished himself in the 
battle of Loni; Island, and was appointed Major General; after the war 
reinoN'L'd to M iddh town, I'onn., resunual the pi'actice (d" his jircdessiiMi, 
and was an active nie-mber of the (.'on\-ention which ratifieil the ("onslilii- 
tion of the Unitetl Slates in Connecticut, of which his uncle (h.\-. (n-iswold 
was the President. Under an appointment as Conmiissioner of Connecticut, 
he obtained from the Indians a cession of their title to the " \\'e.-tern Re- 
serve" of Ohio, and was afterwards made the hrst jtidt^e of ihe North- 
western Territory by WashinL^ton, his coiifideiitial friend.! 

A sister of General Parsons, Lydia fb. 175S), married Capt. ]\b::)ses Green- 
leaf of Newd:»ur\'port, Mass., and was the mother 01' the late eminent l.iv/- 
professor; and author of the "Treatise on the Law of Lvidence," Snmni 
Grecnleaf of Harvard Colle^fc. 

3. Thomas ; born I'eb. 15, 1719; wlio married, Dec. 17, 174C Susan- 

" .'V Funeral Sermon . . . occasioned !iy the death of Mrs. Tlicbe Tai-sons . . . by John 
Searl . . . ]i^)^ton, 1771, j'p. 37-40. 

t From an arUclc by the lion. C. J. :\IcCurdy, in the New Ilavcn Register for Hoe. 20, 1S61. 



nail, dauglitcr of Natlianicl Lynclc, Jr. of Saybrook, Conn. ; and died JuK' 
iG, 1770. lie is known as Mnsign Thon'ias (iriswolil. I lis wife dietl Sep. 
25, 176S. The\' both lie buried in the Duclv River 1 Ui r}' in !;;■-(} rtnind at 
Lyme. One of their daughters, L(.)is (b. 1 7471, married Samuel i\Iatlier, 
and was the })aterncd grandmother of Mrs. Richard Sill Griswold now of 

4. [laiuiaJi ; born Jan. 10, 1724; who married, Nov. 5, 17.]0, Ik-naja 
Bushnell (\'. C. 1735J of Norwich, Conn.; ami died Aug. 16, 1772, having 
had fourteen children, sons and clanghters. 

5. Lucia ; l.iorn July 6, 1726; who married, Jan. 9, 1753, I'dijah Backus, 
Escp, of Norwich, Conn.; and died Dec. 16, 1795, having had nine children. 

6. SaraJi ; born Lee. 2, 1728 ; who married, Nov. I, 1750, Judge William 
Hillhouse of New London, North I'arish (Montville), Conn. ; and died 
Mar. 10, T777. She was the mother of the late lion. James Hillhouse ol 
New Haven, Conn., so long Senator in Congress from Connecticut, and 
grandmother of the late James Abraham Hillhouse, author of Hadad, 
J'ercy's Mas(}ui; and other poems, b\- which he will be alwa\'s remendjered 
as one of the most accomplished of the second generation of American 
men of letters, subse([uent to the Revolution. 

7. Clarissa ; born May 30, 1 73 I ; who died in infancy. 

8. C/arissa : born h-eb. 9, 1733; ^vho married, Oct. 22, 1754, Nathan 
Elliot of Killingworth, afterwards of Kent, Conn.; and died I'eb. I I, 1811, 
having had thirteen children, sons and daughters. 

9. Deborah ; born ]\Lir. I, 1735 ; who married, Dec. 9, 175^'', Capt. Na- 
than Jewett of East Ha.ddam, Conn.; and died May iG, 1811, having 
nine children. 

u\ ./,'/..•;.• boiu Ma)' 1^, 1730; who died in iidancy. 

11. l.vdi.. ; born in June k\\\\A. June 13) 1742; who mariied, before 
1768, Samuel Loudon, a l)(H)kseller, of New A'ork ; and died after 1770. 
Two letters from her husband to her brother (jov. (jriswold give us these 
two ap[)roximate dates; and from one of them, dated Apr. 12, 1708,1 
quote the following: " Last week I sent you three News;)a}:)ers. 1 now 
send you two more. The first of the ^wc begins the American Whig, a 
]*aper which I hope will be useful to the I'ublick. . . . ^'ou'lI see the Design 
of tlie Whig is to raise a universal stir in N". America against ilic iiiiporla- 
tion of a Bishop.'' 








SIR HENRY Clinton's originat, secret record of i'rivate daily ixti-.i.lioknce 

Coutribiitt'd by Dr. TJiomas AJJis J'juiiictt 

With an Lntkoductio.v and Notics by Edward V. DkLanckv 

{Con/iiiuc'il from fdi^'e 70, Fo/. A'/.) 

Tlie"one Isaacs of East Hampton," mentioned in the prccclin;^ entry of " :;S April, 17S1," 
and note thereto (January mag-a/.ine, p. 66), was a ( 'hristiani/e<l foreign Jew, \vhi> came to Kast 
Hampton before tlie Revohition, and suljsequently dic'.I tliere, at the at^e of 75 years. 'J'liu»ip- 
sons Ilht. Loii^r /7,.';/;/, I. 323). I lis dauijliter, Sarali Isaacs, married William i'a_\nL-, the first 
teacher oi the Clinton Academy, at I-'ast Hampton, founded in 17S4. lie was a Lo-ton mcdiLal 
student, and pupil of I'r. Joscj^h Warren, wlio was killed at lUmker Mill. Their son — the ;j;rand- 
son of y\aron Isaacs — was [0/111 JIuioarJ Pavue, the immortal author of "Home, Sweet llome," 
■whose remains, only a few months aijo, were brought back to his ULilive land from their Afiican 
grave near the ruin> of Carthage, and inteiretl at Washington, through the thoughtful care of the 
venerable William W. Con-oran. 

'' Mr. Riviiigton," the writer of the entry of " l6th May, 17S1 '' (ihe last in the January maga- 
zine), was the welbknown I'riuler of the Royal Cir:r'c\/-. H is infijinia'.ion was incorrect. J'he 
"Mr. Stedman " was either Charles, dv .Alexaniler, Stcadman of I'hiladelphia, the former many 
years a Councilman uf that city. r.oth brothers were men of character, and before the war, with 
]5aron Stiegel owned and operated the Eli/.abeth I'urnace in Lancastei' counlv, I'a. {A'cit/i's J^to- 
vincial Lotniciliors, l6'j.) Town gosMp luobably origina'ed this reijort, tliough there were manv 
then in Philadelphia wdio would have liked to have driven out Reed. 

Transaction bclicccn Capt" Su/Iir'a /!,'■'' Capt J[olland\ d-^ Major I)r Lonct-y. 

\l"' .}ray. 17S1. 

Caplain Sullivan Icfl I'hi'adelphia u\\ the 7"' Inst aivl says the cvciiiiiL; lie ar- 
rived there there were very great riots on aecotmt of the depreciation of tlie jniper 

* Daniel Sullivan, an elder brother of Major-CJeneral John Sullivan, the Continental general, 
but at this time a member i^f the ConiineiUal Congress fr(;m New Hampshire. 

f Stephen Holland, of Londonderry, .New Hampsliir(.\ He was a cohm.d ofmi'ilia, a member 
of the House of Assembly, and a man of note. In 1775, l)eforethe Declaration of independence, 
he denied at a town meeting that lie "was an enemy to his country" in writing ; and the statement 
ended by saying that '' he "was read)' to :issist hi-> counlrymen in the glorious cau-e o' librrt_\ at the 
risk (){ Ids life anil fortune." In 177s he was proscribed, bani^heil, and his estate confiscated. He 
was a gentleman of culture, easy address :ind inlltieuce. He was a magistr.ite, a rei)resent,iti\ e of 
the town in the Legislature, clerk of the county of II illsliorough, and Lieut. -CloL of the militia of 
Rocl'dngham Count}'. In 1777 he was imiirisoned as a loyalist by the committee of safety of Lou- 
doiulerry, but escai'ied from the jail, and went to Ijoston, and thence to Newport, where liis wife 
was permitted by the committee to join him, and from there he came to New Yciik. At tlie close 
of the war he went to England, and thence to Ireland, where he died shortly after the i>eace of 17S3. 
—Parker's Hist. LonJonJcrry ; Fanner and Aloorc N. H. Hist. col!. ; z'ol. i, .Saln/ie's Loyalists; 
IVelh and Huks^ British and Am. A'e^^ister, 1774, 1775. 


justified by any observation that you ever made to nic, or that I ever made 
to another, in reportini,^ that you had <jiven an o[)ini(.n that a duel between 
our lamented friend & Col. Burr \\as unavoielable. 

It was not until the challen^-e had been ^'iven and accepted, that I n^en- 
tioncd the altair to you, and under injunction of secrec}-, knowiu'^ our 
friend's determination to be passive. j\Ty mind was agitated with stron^^ 
forebodings of wh. has liappened, and tho' the correspondence v/as closed 
by an agreement of the parties to meet each other, I nex'ertheless mentioned 
the subject to yr)u and asked if you could i^erceix-e a.ny mode of interfer- 
ence. Yr. answer, expressive of much sorrow, was in the negative. I did, 
however, not infer from this answer that in yr. o[Mnion our friend nn''jht 
not have declined a meeting with Col. Jairr, but mere!)' by the accei)tance 
of his adversary's challenge, that the interference of third persons was pre 

With Sentiments of Respect &: Esteem 

Gen. Clarkson. Signed Iv. King." 

On the back of this cop}' of a letter i? part of another, which was either 
sent or proposed to be sent to some intimate correspondent. It is in the^e 
words : 

" You cannot, my dear Sir, hold in greater abhorrence than I do the 
Practice of Duelling. Our lamented friend was not unacquainted with my 
opinions on this subject, but with the most sagacious and discriminating 
mind that I ever knew, he had laid certain rules for the government of him- 
self u])on the subj. of duels, the fallacy of wh. w'' not fail to be secn- 
by any man of ordinary untlerstanding, and with these guides, it is my de 
liberate opinion, that lu- could not ha\-e a\oided a meeting with Col. buir, 
had he e\'en oecli ned the fust challenge." 

On the same page is one other remark in the hand -writing of R. K., as 
follows : 

" I regard it as a violation of our civil, our moral, and our religious dutv : 
I go farther, and do not consider it as even ' pri)of of courage.' " 

With these corroborative evidences of the views and feelings of Rufus 
King on the subject of dueling, and es[)eciall\' of his agenc}' in this j^articu- 
lar case, there can be no doubt that he has been unjustly cliargCLl with 
withholding his influence to prevent the occurrence of the duel. 
Andalusia. Pi:nn., /;•/// ii, 18S4. 

Vol. XI. — Nl>. j — ,^ 

y^^$<r2^^ y^r yZ'd't^^^ 




Matthew, the eldest child of John and Hannah (Lee) Griswold, was 
born Mar. 25, 1714; married, Nov. 10, 1743, Ursula, daughter of Gov. 
Roger Wolcott,-!- of Windsor, Conn.; and died April 2<S, 1799. She 
died Apr. 5, 1788. lie is u.sually distinguished as (Governor ^^latthcw 
Griswold, from the last ])ublic office which he held. What jjreparation he 
had for public life other than his own native abilit}', and the prestige ^f 
fandl)', we are not told. So early as 1731) his " ]())'aU\-, courage, and good 
conduct " were I'ewarded by (Jox'crnor Talcott with the appointment of 
Captain to the South Train Band of Lyme; and in 17^0 Go\-erni>r I'lthin 
made him ]\Iajor of the Third Regiment of Horse and J'"oot in the ser\-ice 
of the Col(>ny. But long before this latter date he had become devoted 
to civil alfairs, mc^re especially to^such as involved a.pplications of law to 
private interests; in respect t(j which he acc[uired an extensive reputation, 
and was consulted from distant places. He appeal's to have been counsel 
for John Winthrop of New London, son of the last Go\-ernor Winthro]), 
in a suit brought by him against the Colon)' for serxices of his ancestors 
and moneys due to them. \ In 175 i he was chosen a l\.epresentati\-e to the 
Cieneral Assendjl)- ; >- in 1757, as " Matthew Griswold, E-ii., of Lyme," lie 
was ai)i)ointed b}' the Cohjnial (government to " sue for, \k:\\ and recover" 
debts, " in the name, behalf and for the use of the (io\'ernor :md Com- 
pany ; " in 1730 he was elected to the Council of the Ciox'crnor. ' He was 
again a mendier of the Council in 17'''»5, when i'^itch was Go\'ernor, whose 
councillors weie sumn")r)netl to administer to him an oath to support the 
re([uirements eif the Stamp Act. .An historian has tlescribed tlie scene in 
glowing words, and tells us that ?\Iatthew (iriswold was one of those who 
f()lk)wed the lead of Trumbull in refusing to '' witness a cerennMiy which 
so degraded liljerty, and degraded the Colony," and retired from the coun- 
cil-chamber. *J To h^cbruary 11 of this year belongs a letter from Jared 

f Memorial of ITcnry Wolcott . . . ut supra, p. 77. 

X 1 derive this fact from a manuscript letter of Dr. Ik-njamin Tniml'ull of North I lavcu !o 
the ("lOveriiur, dated (Jet. 28, 1793. Comp. Trunibull's Hist, of Connecticut . . . New Ila\'en, 
1S18, ii. 54-55. 

t:^ Ilollister's 1 1 ist. of Conn. , ut svipr.a, ii. T-.p. || Id., ihid. 

"I Life of Jonath.ui Trundjull, Senr. . . . My I. M. Stuart. JJostrm, 1S50, i>p. S5-92. 

* Copyright, iSS|, by Edward r-llindt;e S.ilisbiiry. 


Tngcrsoll, then in London, preserved amon_<:^ the family-papers, in wliicli, 
after reporting the purchase of some hiw-book's, lie sa\'s : 

"The very inten'Stin;^- Stamp liill for taniiii;^ ^-liiicyiiaiis ]iasse;l tlu- IlnUhc ofCMm- 
mons last Wt-Jncsdav. I was present aiul heani all the Debate, Some of wliieli w.i-, tri:!v 
Nolile, and ///;' \0 lio!c -tic>-y Eiitcridiniiuj;, at the saiT\e tinu- \'ery .VrfectiiiL^-, Iv.peciallv lo 
an American." 

In T766, Jonathan Trumbull being Chief Justice, he A\-as made a Judge 
of the Superior Court C)f Connecticut. On the tleath of Cro\-LrnMr Titkan, 
in 1769, M'hen Trund)ull became Governor, he took the highest seat on tlie 
bench as Chief Justice, which office he liekl during fifteen ^■ears. r^Ieaii- 
while for thirteen of those years — from 1771 till 17S4 — he A\-as Deptit\-- 
Governor, or Lieutenant-Governor, of the Colony and newly formed State. 
In I77() he was chosen one of the Commissioners for Pi'ODagating the G(t-- 
pel in New Lngland and parts adj.icent in America, Andrew (Jli\-er, of 
Boston, Ije'tig the Secretary. 'Idle \"er\,' efficient Council of Safet\\ formed 
in 1775 to aid the (jf)vernor through the straggles of the ]ve\'olution, 
whenever the Legislature should not be sitting, was headed b}' him from 
the first. 'J"he list of original meinljers is gi\'en thus: " Afatthew Griswold, 
William Pitkin, Roger Sherman, Abraham Da\'enj)ort, William William^. 
Titus Hosmer, Benjamin Payne, Gen. James W'adsworth, lienjamin Hun- 
tington, William llillhotise, Thaddeus Ihirr, Nathaniel Wales, Jr., LJaniel 
Sherman and Andrew Adams." " h^rom \']'^~\ to 17X6 he was the Cld'.f 
Magistrate of Connecticut, taking part, as such, in establishing the so- 
called continental ])olicy in the State, b\' conceding to Congress the i^nwer 
of impost — -an all-important first step in the formation of a Nati<)iKd Gn\'ern- 
ment. llis eK-vation to the chief magistracy is thus s])')ken (^{ \}\ th(; 
aulhoi ot the l.ite ol loiiathan rriimhiill : 

" lUit lie I T umlnil! | per^iiieii in ileelimn;,;' the proposed ollirc, and the people tlieie- 
lor'e lound anolher candidate lor llie L;nheriiat()rial chair m 1 hinorahle ?\latthew ( irisw old. 
a j^renlleman who now. Id. thirteen CMiisecntix'e \ears, side |jy side with ihe \' Trnui- 
Ijnll, of his political lailh, like him oftried cnndnct, !M;_;h-minded and patriotic, had ociai|iii d 
the post ol ( iowrnoi' ol" tlie State." ( 

In 1788 lie i)resided over the Convention for the Ratification of the 
Constitution of the United States, to which, as Bancroft sa\-s in his late-t 
historical work, " were chosen the retired and the present highest officers 
of its I the .State's | Government, the judges of its courts, ' ministers of the 
Gospel,' and netirly sixty who had fought for indepemlence." :J: 

* lafe (if Jonathan 'rrunibull, Se-nr. . . . \\\ I. M. T.o^ton, 1 = ?!), y. C03, 11. .|,. 
\ M., p. 641. 

\ llislory of tlie I'^irmalion of the ' 'oust it 11 1 ion of tlie Uniled St:ites of Anniici. Ws < leoii;(: 
Bancroft. New \'orlc, 1S62, ii. 25C) ; and com]-), llullister's Ilisl. of Conn., ul supra, ii. 450-oj. 


The foregoing sketch may be properly supplemented by extraccs from 
Governor Griswold's corresi)ondence — letters both to him and from him— 
which will serve to set him iii fuller light, while at the same time tlicy 
bring some of the great public events of his time more \ividly before us. 
thus grouped, as it were, around an individual life. I hrst give, nearly 
entire, so far as its tattered condition allows, a significant letter from 
Roger Sherman, dated January ii, 1766: 


" 1 hope you will excuse the freedom which I tal<e of mentioniiic:;-, for your consideration, 
some tilings whicli appear to me a little e.xtraordinai'y, and which i fear (if jiersisled nij 
ma}- l)e prejudicial to the Interests ot the Colony — more es))ecia]ly the late practice of 
great nunil)ers of peo|5le Assembling and Assuming a kind of Legislative Authority, pass- 
ing cK: puhlishing resolves (S:c. — will not the frequent Assembling such large Ludies of 
people, withotit any Laws to regiilat(> (jr Ciovern their ])roceedings, tend to weaken the 
Authority of th.e < "lovernmciit, and naturally possess the minds of the people \vilh such 
lav notions of Civil Authority as iiiay lead to such disorders iS; conlusions as will not be 
easil) suppressed or reformed ? especially in such a popular (Jovernment as ours, for the 
Well ortlering of which good rules, and a w ise. Steady Administration are necessary. — f 
esteeni our present f)rm of Cfjvernment to be one of the hap|)iest ^K; best in tlie world : 
It secures the civil t\: religious rights and privileges of the peo|iie, and by a due adminis- 
tration has the best lendeiicy to preserve and promote [iiiblick virttie, which is ab.iolutely 
necessary to pubiick hap[)iness. . . .There are doubtless some who envy us the enjoyment 
(jf these . . . privileges, and would i)e glad of an)' jilausible excuse to tleprive .... 
therefore l)ehoo\-e ... to conduct with prudence and caution at this critical juncture, 
when /'\rbitrarv principles tl: measures, with regard to the colonies, are so much in vogue ; 
and is it not of great iiuportance that peace & harmony be preserved l\; promoted among 
ourselves ; and that everything which may tend to weaken puldick _L".overnment, or give 
the enemies of our liapjiy constitution any advantage against us, be careluUy avoided .'' I 
have no doubt of the U|iright intentions of those gentlemen who liave promoted the late 
meetings m several [larts o\ Coloin-, \vhich I suppose were principally Intended to concert 
measures to prevent the Introduction of the Stampt jKipers, and not in the least to oppose 
tlie Laws or authority of the CovernmtaU ; but is there not danger of proceeding too far, in 
such measures, so as to involve the people in di\asions and aniniositii.-s among themselves, 
and . . . endanger our Charter-pri\-ileges ? May not . . . being intormed ot these tilings 
view them in such a light . . . our present 1 )einocraticaI State of C.ov'ernment will not be 
Snlhcieiit t(.) Secure the people from falling into a State of Anandiy, and therelore deter- 
mine a (hange to be necessary for that end, es]X'cially if they sIkjuUI l'ia\-e a |ire\i(nis Dis- 
position for such a chang..- ?— Perhaps the continuing Such Assemblies will now be thought 
needless, as Mr Ingersoll has this week declared under Oath that he will not execute the 
office of Distributor of Stamps in this Colony, which declaratit)n is pul)lished in the New 
Haven C.azetle. I hope we shall now have his iniluence >.K: Assistance in endeavoring to 
get rid of the Stamp Duties. . . . 

" I liear one piece of News from the East which a little Surjiri/es me, that is, the pub- 
licatioii of some exceptionable passages extracted from .Mr Ingersoll's letters, alter all the 
pains taken by the Sons of Liberty to prevent their being sent lion!e to L.ngland. I was 


glad when those letters were recalled, and that Mr. Ingersoll was free to retrench all those 
])assat;(:s which were thought likely to be of disservice to the ( ".overiiment, and to agree 
lor the future, during the present critical situation of allairs, not to write iKJiiie an)liiing 
but what should be insjiected X: approved by persons that the people of thu Coxernnient 
wotild confule in ; but b\' means ot the i)ublication ot those passages in the Xewsp:i|x-r-i 
they will likely arrive in baigland near as soon as if the original Letters had been sent, and 
perhaps will not ap[)car in a more favourable point of light. — 

".Sir, I hint these things for your t-onsiderati(jn, being sensible that, froni your situa- 
tion, known abilities and interest in the yMfections and esteem of the people, ynu will bl- 
under the best advantage to advise >.\: influence them to such a conduct as shall be most 
likely to comluce to the ])ublick ( iood ol the Colony. I am, Sir, with great esteem, your 

Obedient, Humble Serv' 

]\oger .Sherman." 
" New Haven, Jan. ii, 1766." 

The following letter is from the Rev. Stephen Johnson, *' thesin.cere and 
fervid pastor of the h'irst Chtirch of Lyme," wIkj had left his parisli in 
May 1775, to serve as Chaplain to the ]\.ei;iment of Col. Parsons, after- 
wards present at the battle of lUmker Hill : 

"Camp at Koxljury, 5"' Oct'. 1775. 
" Hon'' Sir, 

"Have not forgot our parting Conversation respecting writing to you— defer'd it a 
wliile, waiting for something impiMlant — the lime of the Circuit drew on, in uhich 1 
suppos'd the C(jnve)'ance would be lengthy >,K; uncertain — but will deter no hmgei 

— Several vessels bound to ISoston witli X'.duable Cargoes have fallen into our hand-. 

— one from New I'rovidence, witii Tortoise & fniit-oiu' froni Canaiki with Cattle, hogs, 
sheep & Poultry --one lV<im L.urope of 300 Tuns in Lortsnuiulh, with 2200 ILirrels of lloiir 
X:c. — one that went out of ISo--,ton the I'.eginning t)f this week lor wood i\:c : the ALiJority 
of the hand:-,, being in our Favor, I'.rought her into our I'ort— a Capt'" in her, who had 
been liken .S. lanied iiHo I'-o^ton .iluuit ten weeks ago, inlorm> ; t'.en'l Cage Recalled, >S: 
this dav to sail fur i'.ntain - •( L-a'l How succeeds, 0\; v,ms prockumed Cov'' Last Tuesday 
-ComnKiiids .V Ib-Milrs m Lostoii Cliiiion on lUmker's 1 lili : a Disserler had informed 

that Cleii'l Lurgoin was gone to Congress in !'hiladeli)hia -this CaiH" was inquired ol 
about it, who says some in lioston affirmed it, others denyed it— all he Could say was 
he Used to see liim often, but liail not seen him for three d,i)'s, (.K:c. — he further says, 3 men 
of war, one o!'64 guns, -were going out, 2 or 3 mortars were put on board, am' it 
said 2 Regiments were to go on bo:ird them, of which49"' Tveg' was one — their destination 
a secret. Some suppose they ;ire to make attacks on Seaports iiigh us — some that thry 
are going to l'hikidel|)hia - others to Cli.irlestown, South Carolina — others to (Hiebeck. 
8cc ; if lUirgone is gone to I'hiladelphia, I fear an insiduous purpose, am more alraid ol 
their gaining some important advantage against us bv art lv Corruption than by tlv;; 
arins ; perhaps the Colonies will find it expedient to Change their Delegates oOen to Con- 
gress — this 1 believe sooner or later will lie found a Measure highly important to the General 
Safety and welfare — X: that Strict probity & incorruptaf)ility, JoynM with some prutlence 
and Judgement, will be safer to trust to than niore shining alulities, Joyn'd with an ambi- 
tious, avaritious lK: designing turn of mind : the Camp more healthy— have lost Ity Sickness 


liul 6 men out of our Rfi::;inient. My Ik^st Re^^ards to your lion' iK: Mrs C'.riswold. Dear 
Love to my Cliihlreii — alfcctiunatu Regards to l''riciuls and I'ari-ihoucrs. I am iu haste 

Allectionately Yours iXic. 

Ste[)!ieii Johnson." 

A few days later, in the same niontli, Deptity Gov. Griswold himself 
v.Tote from Cambridge to Gov. Trumbull, as tollows : 

"Cambridge, 20''' Oct. 1775. 

" 1 liave to ae(|uaint your Hon' tliat an l'A])ress is arriv'd at Head 'Hiartt'rs li-om I'orts- 
mouth, ]nlorniing that on M(jn(hiy hist two or three Arm'd Vessels arnv'd at i-'alniouih ni 
Caseo liay trom Jlo^ton (being [tart of the Minislericd l-cjree — 'J'hey were attended with 
.Sundr}- 'transports ail lull (jI men), with oriiers to Destroy that and the Town of Ports- 
mouth, in Case tlie Inhabitants Refus'd to L)eliver U[) their Arms, give llost.iges l\;c. — 
That on a Truce the i'eo[)le gax'e up 1-jght Mus([Uets, and had time till nine of the Cluck 
next M(jrning to Consider — That y"-' I'oat came away about hall alter Dight- Just aliout 
nine he lieard a lu-avy bring towards that place, .Sup[)os'd the Terms were J\eiecle<i, 
& that tlie Cruel orders were Carrying into I'.\ecution. CoV Cook also has advice Imm 
Mr. Malrbone, who v,as an I^yc >.\: I'-ar Witness (.and is now here Present;, that Capt" 
Wallace orders to do the same to the 'J'owns in Klujde Isl.nid tV Comiec'", where .any 
arm'd Force appears to oppose the .Ministeri.d 'I'roops : what i'recaution is Necessary to be 
taken for the I'rotei. lion of our Colony \our Hon' ^c the 1 Ion'"- ( 'leii'' Assembly will Consider. 
Some of our Coimeclicutt officers ;ire \'ery Desirous some turtlur i'rovisi(jn might be made 
tor Those of the I'eople in the army b(.'longing to our Colony .are or m.ay lie .Sick. 

"It's .Suppos'tl not lv\pedient at present to Communicate any ol the Matter'^ 'Frans.ict-'d 
l)y the Com'''^^'-' lKic. Conven'd here, without .Specaal Leave. 

" 1 am wiih great Respect 
Your Hon'^= most obedient humble Serv'' 

.Matlh^" (".riswold." 

G>n the r7th of lime, 177S. Gov. Griswa^ld wiaite :i letter to Ko;ger Sher- 
man oi w hieii the following; is an iiict)mplete dralt : 

" Woodstock, lune 27"', 177S. 
" Sir, 

" You have undoubtedly been advis'd of the Measures taken b)- the C.ener.d .Assemlily 
of this State Relative to the Paper Currency : 'Fliat upon a Motion made m our lower 
I louse ot Assembly it was Resolv'd not to Suspend or Ri'p(Ml the .Act Regulating ])rices, 
that a letter [bej sent by our Asseml)ly to the other New k'ngland States, Remonstrabng 
against their Delaying- to make proN'ision lor Reguhiting prices, accompanied Iiy two l .en", 
sent from our Assembly to I'rovidence ^'v Poston, to Enforce the ^Fltter Contain'd in the 
Letter: who Returning without Success, our Cen'i Assembly Directed an .Xdtlress to 
Congress, Recpiesting them to take up the Matter, and advise to Some S.dutary .Measures 
to prtrvenl tlie 'I'hreatening Mischief of Sinking the Credit of the paper Currency ; iioinimg 
out in Some Measure the Dangerous Conse<iuences to the army, and great advantage 
Sharpers and Disafficted Persons miglit take to oppress the I'eople and F'.mbarras the 
Common Cause : That, while tlie Copies were preparing, the Resolve ol Congress cauie 



to Iiand Advising- a Rei)eal or Suspension of tlie Act ; which In(hiceil the Assemhly to sus- 
pend it till the ivisin;^ uT the C'.en'l Assemhly in ( )ct'^ next, a]i[)renen(lin^- il wdu''' nut he in 
the power of this State alone to Kffect a Matter of th;it l.iimi ; That in Conseiiuence of Such 
Suspention the price of Indian Corn Started to about 10/ and 12/ pr hushe'l, and Wheat 
is iS/ and 20/ pr birshell, and Some Demand more : Cattle and Sheep are sold, i hclieve. 
between J^-O. and £30. pr cent. hiL;-her than K\er : Sliarpers Sie/'d tlie opiiortunitv 
l)elore the Peoph; were advis'^ of the Sus[)ention, & bought Cattle and Sheep for neai" 
£30. pr cent. Cheaper than y^ same might have been sold fjr } ur 4 iJays aflerwardis— I 
apprehend the Uorly ofourl'eople are much in fav'-^ of a Regulating act to Ri-strain the 
Licentiousness of the People, but Despair ot being able, alone, to carry surh a Me.isure- 
into Execution ; That tliey \s'Ou'd ]ia\e been greatl)- Dissatisfied v. itli the Conduct of our 
Assemhly in the Suspention, had it not been for tliu ]\.esol\c cf Congress Relati\'(: thcrcti), 
l)Ut now accpiiesce in wliat the Assembly did : — 'I'he Axannion many of otir People have to 
Receive tlie ISills for outstanding Debts, or Indeed to liave any Concern with them, has, 1 
ap])rehend, Reduc'd their Creditt to a lower .State here than it was e\er belore, Tho' it 
seems the Demand lor the liills to pay Taxes, i.\: the pro-^pect of their linal Redemption 
with .Sdver and Cold, ma\' pi'eveiit their sinking much lower. — I Imagine our I'eopli- will 
very much go into a. (ien' ISarter to carry on their i>ri\'ate affairs — what the CoiiSLiiueiice 
will be 1 kUijw n(jt, — hope the Congress will 1 'e\ise some proper Mca^iures to .Suppc>rt the 
Army. (Jur ( ien'' Assend)ly have laid i / T.ix on the List of 1777, to be paid n"^ i'' Sep'' 
next, and also Dii'ccted the Ti'easurer to l.ujrrow one hundred '1 housand [lounds on Loan ; 
but that will not be an adecpiate .Supply of the Treasui'y. 

"Our People are pursuing their I lu>.bantlry with great Zi,-al and \-igour. The fVuits of 
the health at [treseiit ap])car in a nourishing .Stale, alford a hopehd pros[)ecl of Su|)piics f )r 
the Current year. — The Military preparations go on Slow. Thi; Si\ Latt.dlions order'd to 
lie Rais'd for Defence are l-ieduced U) twci, Tho' I bclies'e, if tlie .State .Sho'd be Immedi- 
ately Invaded, the People would Run to arms with Spirit and \ig(nir. 

"These Threatening o\ertures call aloud for Reformation — tin; Tv,'(M;t is known to 
him alone who Sitls at the helm, and Controuls all Invents with Inlinite Power ,S: Unerring 

The followino- letter was written b)' I")eptit\' (low (iiiswoM lo ('io\-. 
Trunibtill : 

"Lyme, August ]'', 1771). 

" Intelligence is Just Rcc'cl that I apprehend may be Relicrl on, that I'le j'.ncmy are 
pre[)armg a large Fleet at \ew York, said to be Design'd on an ICxpedition Lastward: 
That another lesser Fleet are now fitting out at Huntington : a great Premium >.\; 
W.iges are odered to such as will Inlist, with the whole of the Plunder tiv.v m.iv lake — .is 
this latter Fleet is ])rinci[Killy mann''' with Tories, whose Rage and Malice .stems to have 
no bounds, it is Suppos'il their Design is lo Ravage llie Coast of this Slate ; it"s Conjec- 
tured thai the large Fl(;et have New London for tlieir object, while that in the Souiul plun- 
der it burn the Towns lying on the Seashore. -Such an Armament must presume the 
Enemy have some very Important object in view: wdiat More Proljable than lo luirsue the 
above Plan, I submit. Upon the Present appearances, vour Lxilency and other Cen'" of 
the Council will undoubtedly be of opiiuou that nessasary precaution ought lo be taken l > 


prevent the l)ad Con.sec]ucnce of such an operation of the luiemy — would Recommend to 
Consideration wiiether it wou'd not he adviseahle ]\ather to Increase the (".iKuals on the 
Sea Coast, and that the Mahiia on the Sea Shore sho'd not he drawn off to JJistant phices 
m Case of AUirni : JV-rhaps tlie State are in L;Teat Danger from a d'ory hdeet in the Souiul : 
Tho' their force is not sufhcient to Conquer the Stale, yet, if tlie men were call''' off, the 
]'"amilies & I'roperty wou'd be lLX()i)s'd to lie Ravai^-'d hy a Numl)er of Savage Ahjrtals, 
wdiose Tender Mercies nre Cruelty: whether it wouM nut bee lixpedient that Jleacous be 
jjrovided to i;ive Notice, and that the Mahtia be arran;g'd under their ])roper (ilticers, with 
Sijj;-nals to Direct them where to Rt.-[)air, and to Run lo the Relief of the [dace attack'd : 
That Imm'ediati' care be tiiken to ])r(j\'ide a CompetiMit Numlier of CarlridL;es, and Depos- 
ited in the Most Comenient places : and that orders be Issu'd f(_ir a view o( Arms once m 
<i few Days, that So they be Kept in Constant Repair. — I take the l'"reedom to mention 
tliese Matters as Worthy of the greatest attention in this alarmini;- Situation of affairs. — 
.Sho'il wait on \'our I'lxcellency were it not Un' attending tlu: Circuit. 

" I am will) great Kespect i.\: Iisteem "N'our J'lxcelleiicies Most obed'' Humble Si-rv' 

Matth"' C.riswold " 
" llis Kxc>' Gov. Trumbull." 

The next letter in the serie.s selected for this paper is from Gov. Trtiin- 


"Lebanon, Aug. 17, 1780. 
" (icnt. 

" [ inclose a Copy nf the Doings of a Convention lately held in Roston, for your pe- 
rusal. Consideration >\: opinion, .-uid wry especially with respect t(,) the I'.mb.iigoe.' 1 have 
sent out for the attendance of all the Council of .Safely oa \\T-dnesd<iy the Jj'' of Aug' 
Inst, with a particular \iew to taki^ up iK: conclude upon that m:itler, and, as I presume yijur 
laigagem'^ will not permit your attendance, wish your attention lV opinion on that Siiliject 
before the meeting : in an affair of so much Conse([Uence I choose to act v.idi all tlie ad- 
vise & assistance which can be obtained. 

" r am with l-'steem i.\; Consideration, 
( ".eiulcmen, \our moM ( Mud'' 
Mill \(My h'ble .Servant 

Jon''' Trumbull." 
" llon'^'''^ Mattliew C.riswold, 
Fdipir'' Dyer \: Wni Pitkin lisquires" 

* One of the' rc-sohuions of diis Convenlioii was: "That it he recommended to tho several 
States Ih.a liave AcU laying an Kinl.-ir-o on the Transportation of Articics hy Lan,l from one State 
to another, lo repeal them as being unneeessary, and tending rallier lo injure tlian serve the t^'oin- 
moM Cause we are engaged to snp|)orl and nKiiiilain ; toeontinue Finhargos on Piovidons by Water, 
.and that ixutioidar Care he taken to preveiU all ilheit Trade with the I'.nemy." The Aels lieie 
recoinmeiuled to be repealed were inlende.l lo prevent seaicilv, ami keep down priees— their fulilily 
liad l)een pereeived. Ihit the .attenlior. of this Convention was not given solelv, or ehietly. to eeo- 
nomical (pieslion.s : " Tliey ur;,re,l the ado|ition of the Anieles of Confederal ion," \Nhieli is " re- 
g.arded as the first jnihlic Fxjiression of Opinion, hy a deliberative I'ody, in l'"avor of such .1 
nre." See I'roeeedings of a C:onv. of Delegates . . . held al IJostuii August 3-ij, 17S0 . . . by 
l-'ranklin 1!. I lough. Albany, 1S07, pp. .(3-44, eV Preface p. v. ; and eomp. Bancroft's Ilisl. of U. 
Slates . . . Rev. ed., Poslon, 1S76, vi. 343. 


Next follows a letter from Samuel 1 luntiiv^^ton, touchinf^ an important 
crisis in the eam[)aiL;"n of the South, \\'hich was tollowc:cl, ^\•ithil^ about seven 
months, by the sieg'e of Yorktown and the close of the war : ■■ 

" riiiUulciphia, March 5''', 17S1. 
" ( 'lentlemen, 

" My situation deprives me ot the pleasure of communicaliiv^^ to you from time to 
time many oecurrencies to which Inchnalion woukl lead did time jjermit. j 

" The situation of the Southern States hatli heen critical for some time ; after the bat- 
tle at the Cowpens where Col. 'j'arlton wai totally defeated, iS: U[)\\anls of live hundred of 
his Cor[)S made prisoners l)y C.en'l Morj_;an, L'' Cornwallis, enraged, as it seems, at that 
F.vent, burnt and de^itroy'd his \vaL,'-ons and luavy bay^'a^e, X: with his whole forci/, con- 
sisthijr of about three thousand, pursued ( ien'l Mor^MU, his first objt'Ct beini;- sujipos'd to 
l)e to retake the prisoners ; his ptu'suit was rapid for upwards ot two hundred miles, until 
|-,e arriv'd on tliC Southern liorders of \'ip^iiua. C.en'l .A[orL;an, liy his Acti\ity cv. pru- 
dence, with the assistance (jf a Ivind Providence, brought off his Troops Cv jirisoners. 

" Tliis rapid movement of Cornwallis must have thrown tiie ComUry into consternation 
throug-h whi( h he marched, and met with no resistance tmtil he arriv'd at Dait river on 
the borders of \'irL;inia. 

"C,cn'l C.reene, v/ilh liis little army, consistini;- of but two thousand, was ubliL^r^d to re- 
treat o\-er the river ; which was done without any loss of Troops or ba_i;;ga;ge. 

" V>y a letter come to hand from Cov'' Jefferson, co])y of v.'iuch is enclos'd, it appears 
that tlie nialitia of the Country are rallied to that deg-ree that Cornwallis is retreating-, in 
his turn, towards 1 lil!sl)oroUL.di, North Car(jlina, & Cu-n'l Creene in pursuit ot him. 

"The army undi-r Cornwallis are such a distance from tlie protection ot their, 
nothing seems wanting but the spirited exertions of the Countr)' in aid of C.en'l (u-eene to 
make them all prisoners ; but we niust wait tho' with anxiety to kriow the J'.vent. 

" I ha\e the Honour to be with the highest resiiect Your Humble Serv' 

Sam : Huntington." 

••T .e Ibui'''- 

I udges ol' the Suji' (/ourt in (.'onneclicult. " 

The next two letters which I L,nvc are from lv(v,;er Sherman: 

'• I'hiladelpliia, Aug. 14''', 17S1. 
" Sir, 

" A ship arrived here last Sabbath day from Cadiz, and brotight Letters from our Min- 
ister and Ids Secretary at the Court of Sitain : they mention tliat about 8000 Troo )S are 
ready to Embark on a Secret expedition, and conlirm the accounts we have had from the 
London Papers of tlie resignation o\ .Mr. Neckar, h~inancier of France, Occasioned by some 
Discontent. —Th(; I'resideni received a Letter last Saturday from (h-n'l C.rern, dated July 
17"', giving account of the operations of his Army lor about a month- he mentions 
the evacuation of Ninetv Six by the I'.neniv, that they retired to Orangebur;^h, about So 

* Coinp. History of the United States of America. By Richard Hildrcth. New York, iSsC, 
iii. 343-4S ; nnd liancrofl's United States . . . Rev. cd., lit supra, vi. 3So-<j.;. 
f The waiter was at this time a McuiIkt of Congress. 

226 Tin; cuiswoi.i) i-a.mii.v of Connecticut 

miles from Charlestown ; that they also occupied a Post at Monk's Corner, about 26 miles 
front Charlestown ; that they have no Post in (u'orq-iii L-.\ce]it Savannah ; that C.ei)rL;"ia has 
resumed ei\il ( iin-eriimenl ; Thai a [larty of our nun took three \va;^;^"ons >.\: stores 
from the faiemy on a march from Charlestown toward ( )ranL;ebur^'h — that Col. Lee had 
taken a [lart)- of horse consistinj^- of one Captain, one Lt iK; one Cornet, aiid 45 jirivates, 
with their horses and Accoutrements. It is expected tliat ci\il C.ovcrnment will soon be 
re-established in Soiuh Carolina. ?\Ir. Jay wrote that he expected a Safe convevancc in 
about a fortnight from the time he Nvrole (May 29' i, when in.' shdidd seiul a lon^ ktter— I 
enclose a Copy of resohuions resiiectin;^ the .Slate of \'ermont, which will prepare the way 
fi)r a settlenicnl of that controversy, they passed \'ery unanimously. - 

" The enclosed ])apers contain the news of the day. . . . Should be j^kul to be iid'ornied 
wliether aiiv provision of money is made for sup|)ort of C.ovcrnment, 1 have al-out ^loo. 
due for scr\'ice in tlie .Sup'' Coiu't \vhich I should be ,L;la(l to receive. — I wrote some lime 
a;_;i) to tlie (lov' \: Council of .Safety for some money to be sent to bear my expences here ; 
if I don't have soine sooi, I sluill be totally ih-sl:tulc,\\ is xaay expen.-iiw lisin- here. a)iJ 
11:1 i/iO)!t-v iaii be ohtabicil but from tJw State. There are m.uiy refuL^ees here Ironi .South 
(-"arcjIiiKi .K; (ieort(ia, lately redeemed from Ca[)ti\-ity : Coni^ress have recommended a loan 
>:v a Contribution for their relief. 

" I am, .Sir, with i^reat l\e<^^ard 

\'uur Honor's obedient i.^ humble servant 

Roller Sherman." 

" The honorable 

Malhew Criswold, I'!sc|'. " 

" New Haven, July 12"', 1784. 
" Sir, 

'■ 1 received your I'^xcellency's Letter of the f)"' Instant, with the iia])ers inclosed. The 
public service reipiires that the men should be furnished as soon as possd)le to t.ike pos- 
session of the wesU'rn Posts, which ,ire expecied soon to be evacu.ited by the Piiiish t'.ar- 
ris(ms, .is also to Ail the CoimnisMoners m treating w uh the 'J'he Secretary in 
the war office ou^lu lo have Pilormed \'our lOxcellency what nund)er t\: kinds of ollicers 
besides the Major are to be furnished by this Sl.ite ; as the Slates arc not to be at any 
expencc' in r,usni;4 the men, I shoidd thiidv it would be most for the Interest of this State 
that your I'Acellency, with stich advice as you may think prope-r to lake, should appoint 
the officers, c\: oider ihe men to be inlisled. I should thiid^ it would be well lor your 
Excellency to t.da; the opinion of the Hon. Oliver \\'olcot wIkj is one of the Comnussioners 
to treat with the Lulians : there seems to be a defect in the Laws as lo the powi rs ot the 
Supreme Ivxecutive authority in the State, or they are not sufficiently explicit in all cases. 
" I have no doulit but that the Assembly would h.ive desired your p:xcellency to have 
executed this ref|ui'sion if they had known it w^mkl have been niade. 
"Your Excellency will be best al)le to Jud^e what wall be ex]iedient. 

" I am with (".real res|iect 

Your E.xcellency's humble Servant 

Ro;4er Sherman." 
" His Ikxcelleacy Governor Cirisw(.)ld '' 


I give one more of Go\'ernor Griswold's own letters : 

" Lvme, Au'^ust i, 1784 

'• I understand tliat our 7)i'/i!i;'(i/t' is Detain' li from Coni;rcss o>iIy for iolUiI of )):o)u-v: 
how far llic want oA Kcpresfiilalioii in thai hnportanl liudy ni.iy .illect iho Inlercbt A: 
Safety of lliis Slate 1 know not — it is C(M'tainly ;i \LTy l)anL;erou:^ 'riu'ealeniii^' SiUiatiou 
for this Stale to Ijc in — 1 hiforni'd vou before tfiat the Ahseinljly had order'd Drafts to he 
made on die Shcrilfs for that purpiise, that thohc ])rafis were made accordinidv, and /'/• 
rcctod you to lav I'Y tJic first diohcv for tltat use yon cou\l CoHctt. 1 now Repeat the 
same Keciui'sition in il>e ATost l-'ressin;^ manner, lv; Desiix; \(iu will push the Collection 
wiUi all l'o.~isil)le Dispatch, till you reoei\'e your part ot the ,/"-oo ; and what money, more 
or less, you can olitain send forthwith to Stephen M. Mitchel, Dsi['' at W'eathershelil, who 
has the order, and is ap])()inted one of the Dela;_;ates — It's hut a small sum that is Required 
of Eacli of the Sheriffs — The Delay may be more bijurious than ten times the value ol the 
Money — 

" Erom S'r your most obedieiU 
hundile Ser\ t 

Eliiah Abel KscT' 

ALatth" (".riswnld " 

The last letter to be given here, from (Oliver W'oleott, Governor Gris- 
wold's l)rother-in-la\v, though partU' piavate, closes this series ap[)ropri- 
ately, by its reference to the retirement of the go\'ernor from jtublic life: 

" Eitchheld, Nov' 22' 178S 


"Your Excellency's Favour inclosing IVIr \Vorthini::,'"ton's Seiannn on the Death of my 
Sister fias been ree^ 'I'he Object of this Seririon (^\vith(jm I'arlialityi most ceruiiiily 
deserved all the l\uloi;ium which the J'reacher has bestoweil upon her persona! \'irlues. — 
Ry her Death 1 am sensible you lia\e lost a most Wduable Companion, and her otlier 
Relations and Ac quainlance, a I'erson wlio was most dear ti> tliem.- 

" RiU ^ueh In the Will of Cod, and it becomes Uh to Ai qme-^ce m the DiAine Dispensa- 
tion. May we be i)repared to meet her in that Slate ol liajipiness winch will admit ot n(j 
Se|)aration ! — All our Injoyments are ileetiuL;- and insecure, that which )-ou mentioned 
relative to your discontinuance in publick Uffice evinces the Truth of ihe 1 )bservation. — 
Rut this event, tho' (h\a_i;i-eal)le, was not ehected by false and insiduous hi.sinuations to the 
Injury of your moral Cliaracter (which others have most unjustly supposed), l)ut horn an 
Apprehension that your want of Health would render tlu' (jflice \-ery burdensome to your- 
self, and U'ss benehcial to the State, than your former Administration had been, however 
ill-founded this ()|)inion mi;.4-ht be. Yet the Consciousness of your own Inte-rily, and the 
Universal Opinion of the State in this respect, must render tlie event far less disa-Teabh- 
than it would otherwise have been. — That you may tinally be Approvetl of by that R.eiui; 

who cannot err is the Devout wish of, Sir, 

Your most olied' humble 


Oliwr Wolcott." 
" Mrs. Wolcott presents 

to you her sincere Respects." 


Other letters liavc been preserved, from William Samuel Johnson, 
Col. William Ledyard, Roger Sherman, Stephen Mix Alitehell, Charks 
Thomson (Secretary of Congress), Oliver Wolcott, Samuel Huntington, 
Governor Treadwell, Jonathan Sturgis, James Wadsworth and Erastus 

Here we pause to speak of Lyme and its position and influence in Revo- 
lutionary times. It was on the great route between Boston and New 
York. Old men still remember the heavily laden coaches, as their horses 
dashed up to the door of the old Parsons Tavern, which stood un fenced 
upon the wide, open green, horns blowing, dogs barking, bo}'s running, 
neighbors gathering, while the passengers descended. Man\' persons of 
note trod '' the dry, smooth-shaven green," and shook off the dust of travel. 
The landlord, Marshiield I'arsons, had not removed to Newbury[)ort with 
his father, the Rev. J(-'>nathan I'arsons, and his Griswr)ld mother. His 
tavern and the ball-room over the bcick part of it were the resort of the 
neighbors for all assemblies, social and political, h^or religious purposes 
they climbed to the site of the meeting-house on the Aleeting-House Hills. 
Near the green lived the i)aslor, Rc\'. Stejihcn J(,ihnson, s(.)n of .Mr. Na- 
thaniel Johnson and Sai'ali ( )gdcn, his \\-ife, of iW-warlv, N. J. The spirit 
of " good old John Ogdeu," the ])ioneer, seemed to ha\'e ilescended to him. 
and in this small, cpiiet village he had " scented the battle afar off," and 
ten )'ears before the Revolution had published and disseminated fiery 
articles in opposition to the Stamp Act, which led to the brmding together of 
the Sons of Liberty. Ikiucroft says: "Thus the Calvinist ministers nursed 
the flame of ])iety ;uul of civil freedom. Of that venerable band, noue did 
i>et ter ser\-ice I iKiii I he .\niei iiMU-boi ii Stephen i olnison. pastcu' ot the I'^irsr 
Chui'ch of L)une." '■'■' Doubtless his zeal increased b\' the ardi>r ol his 
next neigh b(M-, Mr. John McCurdy, a .Sc(jtch-I rish gentleman who had ]i\-ed to 
early manhood amid the oj^pressions of the hLnglisli Government in Irehuul, 
and who eagerly assumed the expense of the publication and disM-'mination 
of the incendiary ])ai)ers. ^^nlng Samuel Holden I'arsonshad been brought 
up umler Johnson's teachings. When heled his command to Bunker Hill, 
Mr. Johnson, the spirit of " the church militant" stirring within him, left 
his pulpit, and accompanied Parsons's regiment as Chaplain. Matthew 
Griswold, under the same influences, fulfilletl the {patriotic duties of his life- 
time. All these men were inconstant communication, personal and by let- 
ter, with the leading men of the i)eriod. To them others would come. No 

* History "f llic llnito! Slates of America . . i'.y (Jeorye Bancroft. The Aullior's last 
Revision. New \'urk, ibS3, iii. 14J. 

Till", (IRISWOI.D I'AMII,\' OF CnWKc: IR!! JT 229 

doubt many political niectiiiL^s, both proposed ;iiul accidental, were con- 
venctl on the arrival of the coach. 

In other parts of the town lived Dr. Jolm Noyes, a distinguished sur- 
geon in the Revolutionary ai'ni)', whose wife was a granddaughter of tlie 
first governor Wolcott of Connecticut, and a niece <.)f Airs. Gov. Matthew 
Griswold ; Col. David Fithin Sill ; Col. Samuel Seidell ; and otlier brave 
officers and soldiers of the Revoluti(jn, among whom was Ca])t. I'Lzra Lee, 
who was selectee! by (jcn. l'*arsons, under directions from Wasldngton, for 
the daring attempt, which proved unsuccessful, t(; blow up a British man- 
of-war in the harljor of New York. 

When on the oth of i\i)ril, 1776, (jcn. Washington slept at the house of 
Mr. McCurdy,'"'as he traveled from J>oston to New A'urk, after taking com- 
mand of the American army, all the prominent nicn within reach gathered 
to take counsel with him. Again, when on the 27lh of July, 177<S, the 
young Gen. Lafayette marched through Lyme with his troops, and staid at 
the h(juse of Mr. McCurLly(.)n the green, f while they rested in a Held nearl}- 

* 'I'his liouse, tniilt early in tlic ci;^liteenth cenUiry, still slanJs in good condition, and is oclu- 
picd by Jiulgc Chark'-. Johnson McCurdy, t>[ Uie third gcnci-ativ-)n of its occiiiiants of the family. 
When, in 1624, General Lafavette made his Iriuniphal journe)' tlumitd) the c<iuntry, lie and liis 
parly hreakfasled with Mr. Riehard McCuulyol the second i^eneiat ion. 

f d'he Professor of American 1 listory in \'ale College, l'rofeSs(jr 1 >exter, Ikl-, favoreil nie with 
the fdllowing notes : 

"(leiieral Washington set out from Cambridge for New York Thursday, April 4, 1776. 

" Ilib fust recorded stopping-place is I'rovidence, which he left on Sunday, .April 7. 

"At Norwich, Covernor Trumbull met him biy appointment, and tlined with him ; and ' in the 
evening' (i, e. Montlay afternoon, it would seem") the General slartol for New Loud, m [where he 
passed one night only, and breakfasted, as is known, on 'I'uesday at Caulkins's ta\'ern, between New 
London am! l.vme]. 

" the ne\l lived date i-- his ariival in New Haven on Thursdav morning, .\pr;! II (accovding 
to the New Ha. en newspaper ot the next week); .iv.d .iller a tew houi^' tarry he pudied on 
tcjwards New \ ork, which he entered on Saturday. 

" If tradition is gf)Oil for anything, it can cert.iidy beielie 1 on to prove that General Washing- 
ton slept in Lyme on Tuestlay night, April ()th. He v.'as accom|-<anied by Cjeneral Gatca and other 
oftlccrs. Mrs. Washington came by w..y of Hartford, a fe\s'da_ss later." 

" In reply to your intpiiry . : I send the following extract from the Diary kept at New Haven 
by I'resident Stiles : 

" ' 177S, July 26. Lord's Day. The 2 Brigades \:c. lodged at Mdfor^l last night .'v travelled 
hither with their Baggage this INIorning . . The Troops began to enter the Town a little before 
vii o'clock . . 

"'At ix the Marquis de la Fayette, act. 22, ami Gen. Varnum, with Col. Sherhnrn & 
Col. Fleury visite<l me . . At iv 1'. .M., jast at the linishing of nieetnig-., the whole Cc.rjis began 
their MaVch and left the Town by i\ i ; at which Time the ALinjuis i.\: his suite came up to Dr 
Daggett & myself just from (Jhapel, i\; took Leave. They puoceed by 2 Roads, Gen. Varnum's tv 
Col. riiilips's via Middlctown, Hartford, Sec, Gen. Glover's (in which the Marquis) via Seaside.' 


THE c;kiswoli) family of connkcticut 

opposite, all the surrounding^ country poured forth its inhabitants to do 
liini h.onor. 

In this connection it may not be amiss to mention that, abont the year 
1753, jKMij.imin ]'"ranl^hn, ha\'in_L;' then been apiiointed joint Tost master- tj en - 
eral for the cohjnies, and makini; a journe)' into New Mn^huul on tluit Inisi- 
ness,'"- passed throu^ii Lyme in Ids cliaise, measuring; distances (as is said by 
some mechanical contriwance connected with the re\-oluti()n of liis wdieels), 
at which mile-stones were set up by m(m who followed atter him. One 
of those stones may still be seen on the iMeetini;- House Hills. 

On his retirement from public life in 1788 Gov. Gris\\'old devoted much 
time to farming operations, which indeed seem to have always interested 
liim. Prof. Dexter lias kindly called my attention to the followin;^- cuiious 
entries in the manuscri[)t "Itinerary" of a journe\' lr(jm New Loiulon to 
New Haven in October, 1790, by Tres. Stiles: 

" ('.o\'" Griswold now a-t. 76. horn at Lyme 1710,! titled lor Col!ec;e, settled a Farmer: 
studied law propria M:u'te, Lo't him the lirst eoiisiiler.i' Law Library in Coniieet^ tool< 
Ati" oath (X: ln;^an praetice 1743— a i;reat Reader ul Law. 

"Has a line Library of well ehoseii J'.ooks, 140 I'ol. i^;: 400 dlln-r \'olvimi'S, or aliout 550 
Volumes, now led in his Study, besides a part of lus Libr^' ^i\eii to his Sou in Xoruiehi — 
about 200 Law IJookb, the reht ilist> vS; I)i\inity. 

" ( )u lea\int;' the ehair orc.nv'' he went Id I'^nrmiiv^. He has a Farm of 400 aere-^, 
stoek 100 llr;id oft.'attle, euls \oo Lo<uK Ha)-, J'".n:4. liLsidi's Salt, 22 aens Ind" cnrn ^S: <S(^ 
Iki.^h^ Wheat iS: 400 I'.u^li" oats Raised this year. Hires b ov 7 men; 38 l^I; 40 eow^, l),dry 
3n,."^ cheese, 400''' liutter I''all Sales. ]\\ iierfect Health of l'o('y ^; Mmd. Lame yt-t \ i.^^- 
orous. Cart" 400 Loads Dun;^, sea weed vVe., last year. -At close of ( iov'' had 40 Head 
Cattle ..'I: rut 40 or 50 Loa(L Hay only. Has 50 acres Salt ^Llrbh ; 18 or 20 stack-. Hay 
UiUV round lii-. I'arM, 3 oi- .\ 'l"on:. eaeh." 

(.h\ a siiljsecpienL leaf is the fcllowin;^- Memor.amhim : 

"("■ov' ("iriswolds l'"arm Stoel: 1790 
23 Ho;4s, 8 yoke Oxen, 17 k'.it Catde, 25 Cows, 3000"' clieese, 400"' T.utter, Sooo''' lleet 
.sale or 17 F. It Cattle, 400 RubliMJals, 500 do. Ind. eoru, 100 Loads lui-'. Hay, 80 d'. s.ilt 
do., 500''' Fkax, 45 iJusli^ \\du:at, 120 do. Rve, 105 sheep." 

The Griswold family-archives also contain a paper eiititlcd "Remarks 
on Liberty and the African Trade." by Governor Cbiswold. dated July L" 
1795, and apparently intended for publication. Domestic slaves ajipear to 

" T .suppose this fixes the d.ite of Lahiyette's visit at LyiiiL- as MoikLiv, July -7^ i??"*- ^ '^■■"" 
from Spaiks's J.etters of Wa.sbininon that Lafayette ix-aclu'd I'rovidence on \Vcdnesd.iy, July 20." 
■^ See I.ifeof l!en).'iniin loaiikhn. . . I'.y Jared Sparks .... Itobton, lS4-|., p. 174- 
t A slip of tlie pen fur 1714— tl:e true ikitc— as h.' t^ives his age as 76. 


have been owned in tlie Griswold family from the earliest times, as was 
the case in most New Ent^dand families of the hi;4her class. lUit the 
opportunity is a rare one to know by his ou'i\ words, in a somewhat 
len'Tthy argument, how the subject was viewed by one ot the Revolution- 
ary patriots of New luv^land. There ;ire several drafts of this pai)er, dif- 
ferinf>" sli;^htly; ] use that which seems the most fmishetl. The whole 
course of thought will be made clear by the following abstract and ciuota- 
tions : 

Man was createil in absrijute dependence ui)on the Almight}-, and, for 
his good, was originally ])laced under laws, ol)edience to which "hxes the 
subject in the highest Libert}-." Init he willful])' disobe\'ed, whereupon, 
instead of exacting the full penalty, God allowed " fallen man to incorpo- 
rate into a state of Civil (jovernment ... as the Circumstances ot F-ach 
Common \Vealth sho'd Require . . . " the power of the State being limited 
to temporal rights and properties, exclusive of " matters ot Conscience vS: 
a SuperinteP.diiig Power , . ." 

".So tliat upon Vnv ground of Creation, l*rcservation and IvL-dcniption every man is Iiorii 
un(K-r till- m(j-,l Ins'iolabK; Sulijection of ohetliencc to the Divinu Law and aKo inider Snb- 
jection to tile Ci\-il Laws of tlic Common Wealth wlicre lie iiappi-n-, to i>e, that arc not Con- 
trarv to the Divine Law . . . N'olhiiiL;" is more injurious to Civd Society than usin;.;- a Licen- 
tious Liberty . . ." 

Natural riyltt to absolute liberty is a fallacy. " In regard to the iVfrican 
Trade, to set the matter in its true light, it is necessar)' to Cfui^ider the 
.state of those I'eople in their Native Country, cc^nstantly at war with one 
another, and lial)le to be put to the swortl b\' the x'ictor . . ." 

••'Idle (|i,cstion arises whether Tiansportin-' those Capti\es Irom their \ative Country 
can be w arrantaltle. Any suii|)os d w ron- mu^t arise iVom one ol twii thiiws : cither Irom 
a Tortious hailry into the 'I'erritorii's of a loreiL;!! Slate, tramplin;;' U|)on tiieir Law.s, Mis- 
turbin^- the I'eace ; or tVon\ Personal W'ron-- doie to the Individuals Rcmov'd. In l\cL;ard 
to llir lu-st, as the Captives, by the Laws of that C^ounirv, are made an Article of Com- 
nu-rc e, to haitcr lor dd,i(U- ( .mnoi b,- 'rorlious ; Kespectnii.; the Latter, it's nessasary to 
Compare the state of those i'ersons before and alter their Kemo\'al ; " 

being in their native coimtry in heathenish darkness, and uiuler despo- 
tism, whereas in Connecticut they become 

"plac'd under the C.ovenuneiu of a master who is bound to I'rovi.le iiessasaries sulli- 
cient for their Comfort in Life, are Lrotected by Law irom Cruelty and oppression, if abused 
iiave their ivemedy . . . a;.;ainst their o\\n master . . . 

" The notion of some tliat Shrocry is worse than Death is a most Capitat llrror. 
For, as a State of Trial t\: i'robation for Happiness thru' an ICndless Eternity is the greatest 


favor that was ever C'irantecl in a fallen Creature, as Death puts a fnial End to that State 
of Trial, so Life must be of more Importance than any other f^njoyment can be in this 
world . . . 

"Those held in service maybe Divided into tlve Classes: The a,i;c;"rcssor in War 
seems to take the first Rank : he, by tnkuiy- a part in a Lloody War forfeits both Life 
& Liberty loi^ether, may i)e slain ; as Liberty is only a part of the forfeiture, tin- Captor, 
])y takinj^ a part for thu whole, does the Captive no Injustice : the bistance of the ( lilxoiiites 
is a voucher for" holding- such to serxacc ..." The next Class to be Con^^idered is the In- 
nocent Captives who have taken no aiMive part in tlie war ... to purchase those Captives, 
and brin,i( them away, is to .Save tlieir lives, is a meritorious act, JuUitules the Lurchascr, by 
the Laws of .Salva;.;e, to tiie Lurchase-Moniry by the Lal.)or of the Captive . . . The ne.xt 
Class . . . those sold tor Adultery or other Attrocious Crimes . . . there can lie no D'jul)t 
but they ought to be I'nnibhed," and by the Laws of IMoses were ])unislied even by death. 
"... The next class is those K'idnapju'fl bv (lani^sof Pri\ate Kobbeis . . . many ot those 
Poor Children are br(/t manv lum(.lred miles, and il they were kele.isM on the .Sea Coa-^t 
there is no Chance they wou'd ever arrive at the ])laces of tiu'ir N:itivily ... it the Pur- 
chase was I\et\ih'd, those Abandoned Villains who Conimitted the fact wou'd probably put 
all to the Sword — what then sho'ld hiiidi-r the Laws of Salvnij-e froni taking- place in such 
case of Life ^\: Death, but that tlie I'urchaser oUL;ht to Step in, lK: Redeem tlie I'oor 
Prisoners, take the p:irt of a kind C.uardian to them, hold them in Iveasonable service till 
ihey have p;iid the Purchase-money, then Ivelease them if they behave well? ... As to 
those Porn he-re, tho' some hold that the Son must be Considered in tin; likness ol the 
Father, that, if the Lather be in iJonihe^e, the Son must be so too . . . that seenih carryinj^ 
the point too far ; Init it seems those Children cannot be considered entitul(;d to the Privi- 
lechges of free Deni/ens, f)r, as the Father was an v\lien, and that J disability not Remov'd, 
the Son must be so too . . . I'olilica! JVivilrdi^iW arr J [crciUtiirv . . . Therelore, uijon 
the (Ground of Debt, the Son may be Ixii^hlfully held till he has paid that Debt io\- his Sii[)- 
port, l'"ducation, .Schoo^ml^^ etc. . . . 

" l[v a S.^vc-r,-i-/i .1./ /,>.u-/ tlu-n; c.H free at one I'lezc, and Dissolve the Le-^a! Rii:^iit 
of tJie }fasters lo tJieir Seri'ue^ a'///.// tlw Masters l^ureJiased ivitJi tJieir ozon inone_\\ 
under iJie Sanetioii of ll:e La:o, -.cou'd he Ratlier iisin-e; tJ:e !.a:.> a'v ,; Snare to /\eeire 
t':e JVo/'.'e . . . 

" The mastei" ou-lit lo learn his serx'ant lo Read and undei'st.ind the Pible . . . .Sup- 
ply him with the ne'ss..saries oi Life in a Reasonable Manner, in Sickness and health, S[)eak 
kindly to him, l-aicoura;_;e him in his Pusiness, <:;ive him the Praise when he does well, 
Chear his Spirits, /'/// //(7 Tt'////y"();/(///('.9 J- e/- I'aindliariiv ; let him know his Proper Dis- 
tance, at the same lime ;;ive him Ab.iral l^'idence of .Sensere Friendship, b'nwn upon vice 
. . . C.overn him with a steadv hand, nut with I 'n<lue Severity . . . If those measures were 
Properly J'ursued, it wou'd lie layiuL,^ the ax at the Root of the Tree, and I sho'd lu^pe lor 
liettcr times . . . 

" I am sensible that the Idea of beini;- Commanded at tlie will of another is Disag-ree- 
able to the feelinj^s of the Humane mind under its Present Depravity: \w\.iliat Jinfiression 
is merely //na>^inarv. . . . Those .Servants in Connecticut under the care l\: C.uanJian- 
shi[) of kind masters, and contented wher(; they are well Provided f)r, without any care or 
anxiety of their own, are some of the Ilapjiiest I'eople in the State . . . but such is the 
Misery of the fallen Race that many of ihein cannot bear Prosperity : Pieferment, Wealth, 
Respect and kindness Inllames their Pride and Haughtiness. ... 1 wish tliat every Per- 


son was Possess'd of the Yii-Lue, Industry ami Prudence that (Uiallilies a Person for Free- 
dom, and Proper Measures were taI^cn to make all free ; Put to set such Tree as uu^^du to 
be Restrain'd wou'd tend to sap tlie foundalions of Civil ( iovernuient. ... I wou'd Query 
whether the same Principles wliich Induced the . . . Society [for tmancij)ation] to uridcr- 
take to Ivelieve ai^ainst the Tyranny tS; oppression o\ Cruel Masters does not l^qually 
o!)lid"-e to Endeavour, if Po.-^sible, to Relieve these Poor People UL^ainst the Soul-Ruinin:j 
advise of some bad Eeo|)le, and also against tlie I'^xcess of their own Mi'.conduct. . . . 

" I hope for wise Pi-asons the future Importation of Slaves into (his Stale will be Illiect-' 
uallv Pre\-ented— it seems the foundation fur it is laid alreaily. Xo Common Wealth can 
h.irdly be more lun-l than by brin-in- ba<l People mto it, or makin- them so tliat are in it 
already. Stime men of Sensibility seem to hold that holding;- those People in Service is one 
of the Cryin- Sins of tlie Land, while others Coni^ratulate them upon their Deliverance froni 
Heathenish Darkness: many appear Ignorant of the True I'rinciiiles upon which natural 
Liberty is founded, which can consist in Nothini; Pdse than in a Spirit of Obe(bence to the 
Divine Law . . . July 1st, 1795." 

To the foregoinc^ a few sentences should be ackled with respect to 
Governor Griswold's personal cliaracter. I fpiote front a funeral sermon 
preaclted on his death, by the Rev. Lathrop Rockwell of Lyme : 

" In this, lK: in all the oflices which he sustainefl, he distm;guk-.hetl himself as a fulhiul 
servant of the public; and the whole tenor of his conduct \vas ha[)|)ily designated v.ith 
fidelitv, iiUeyrit}-, upi'ightness and a hiL;h regard lor the ;.;()od ol has constituents, 

"JUit, if we descend to the more private walks of life, and view his character as a 
private cili/cn, we sli;dl ilml the social sweetly blended with the Christian virtues. He 
possessed a benewilent disposition, which rendered his deportment tndy enive^iUL; in all 
the doniestic relations. HaviuL; a frank and open heart, he was smcere in all liis 
professions of friendship . . . He was truly hospitalile, and abounded in acts ,.f 
charity"'*' . . . 

('ou'^picuiais as Cun'ernor Griswold became in public lile. and accus- 
toitted as he w is from earl) da)-s to express his oiuuions ^^n imporEint 
subjects, he was yet naturally diffident and sh\'. 1 le had some time desired 
to marry a lady in Durham, Conn., of a lamil\' since distinguished in West- 
ern New York. She, however, i)referred to marry a ph)sician, and kept 
Matthew Griswold in waiting, ready to accept him in case the (hector did 
not come forward. With some intimation of this slate of afbnrs, and 
aroused by it, Matthew Griswold at last pressed the lady for a decision. 
She answered hesitatingly she " wished for more time." " Madant. ' 
said he, rising with decision, " 1 give you yoiu' //A7///V('," ami withdrew. 
She foo/c her lifetime, aitd never married. Naturally difhdent as he was, 
and rendered by this discomfiture still more self-distrustful, he might 

* A Sermon delivered at the of hi', E^xcellency MaUhew Griswold Esq . . . bv E.ithro]) 
Rockwell . . . New London, 1S02, ]>[>. 14-15- 
Vol. XI. -No. 3. — 16 


have never approached a lady again. His second cousin Ursula Wolcott 
and he had exchanged visits at tlie houses of their parents from childliood, 
till a confiding affection had grown up between them. His feehngs were 
understood, but not declared. Time passed ; it might be that he would take 
his lifetime. At last, Ursula, with the resolution, energy and good sense 
which characterized her, seeing the situation, rose to its control. Meeting 
him about the house, she occasionally asked him : '' What did you sa\', 
cousin Matthew ?" " Nothing," he answered. Finall)', meeting him on 
the stairs, she asked : " What did you say, cousin ?»Ialthew ? " " Nothing," 
he answered. " It's /ii/ic you did,'" said she. Then he ^//V, and the result 
was a long and hajjp)' marriage, in which his wife shared his anxieties, 
counsels and successes, brought up a superior famil)' of children, and 
in his frecpient absences, and when he was (jverburthencd witli cares, ad- 
ministered the concerns of a large farm, and controlled a numerous house- 
hold of negro servants and laborers. 

The marriage of Ursula Wolcott and Matthew Griswold re-united tW) of 
"■' the leading families of Connecticut, by the new bond of a singular identity 
of official position ; fjr the lady was both daughter, sister, wife, aunt, and, 
as we shall presently see, mother, too, of ;i governor of the State. This 
singular coincidence led a living descendant of hers '■ \o discover the still 
more remark-able fact that around the name of this lady could l:e grouped, 
as all belonging in a sense io her family-circle, twelve (lOvernors of States, 
thirty-six high Judges (most of them distinct ])ersons from any of the 
governors), and many other eminent men. The particulars ha\'e been 
brieOy stated ina\'ery interesting pa])er, which on e\'ery account deserves 
a place in this memorial record: 

" I'^aniiK' Circle 
Airs. Ursula (Wolcotrt Criswold. f 

"Ursula Wolcott was born in Windsor (now South Windsor^ Connecticut, Oct. 30, 
1724; married Matthew Griswijlil dT Lyme, Connecticut, Nov. 11, I743; ■'"'-I "'^''' April 
5, 1788. 

" I. {]ovt:uxous. 

" I. Rot^'cr ]VoIiO/t, her father, was C.ovcrnor fif Connecticut. 

"2. Oliver n^'A.'//, .SV;/., her brother, was C.ovcrnor of Connecticut ; also .Sig-ner of 
the L)eclaration ol Independence. 

"3. (Vivi-r U'oho/t, 7/-., Iier nephew, was Governor (jf Connecticut ; also Secretary 
of the Treasury under Washint,^t<Mi. 

* Mrs. Edward E. Salisbury. 

•j-Froin New Engl. Hist, and Geneal. Register. Boston, 1S79, xxxiii. 223-25. with additions. 


"4. MixitJicw Grisuold, Sc/i., licr husband, was (governor of Connecticut. 

" 5- A'l'j,''''''' Or/s'Lifd/c/, her sun, was Covcrnor ut' Connecticut ; also was ollered by the 
elder I'resideiU Adams, but dechned, the [)osl ol Secretary of War. 

"0. W'illiaiii Wolcott lills\i'o>-th,\\i^x llrst cousin's j^n'andson, was Ciovcrnor ol Con- 

" 7. ]l'iliiii/ii Pitkin, jii, her second cousin, was Governor of Connecticut. 

" S. irilliiiiii lVootil>rii!i^t\ her jj;'ran(h'iephew through her husl)and, was C.overnor of 

"9. yo}iat]iiXii T)-//;///'/!'//, .'1'/'//., her tliird cousin tlirou^h the Drakes, was Ciovernor 
of Connecticut. 

" 10. Joiiatlia): 7'ricinbull, Jr., fourth cousin nf her chiUlren, was CiOvernor of Con- 
necticut ; also .Speaker of the United States House of ]\e|n'eseniatives ; also I'nited States 

"II. Jost'p/i TyuDibuU, her remoter cousin, was C.overnor of Connecticut. 

" \2. h'rcdcrick 11'. Piikin, of the same I'itkin blood, as herself, was la.tely Governor 
of Coloratlo. 

"II. Jt'DClCS. 

" 1. Kosher IPo/ro//, her father (I. 1), was Judi^e of the Superior Court, Connecticut. 

"2. A''',^'(7- U'l'/in//, Jr., her bnitlu.-|-, was Juii'^r of the Superujr Court, Coiuiecticui. 

" J. Jiiii.s/iis H'd/iii//, her brother, was jud;.^''e of tiie Superior Court, C'nniv.-cticut. 

"4. OUvcr Wolcott, her brother (I. 2), was |udge of the Court of C(jmmon I'leas, 

"5. 0/iVi-r ]\'(>!cott, her nep-hew (I. 3), was JudL^c of the I'nited States Circuit Court. 

"6. yosiii/i W'oliOtt, her second cousin, was JudL^- of the Court of Common I'leas, 

"7. Matthc7^> Cris^oold, Scii., her husband (I. 4), was Chief Justice (>f Connecticut. 

"8. Matthew iiris-jold, Jr., her son, was Judi;e (jf tin.- Siijireme Court, C(Uinecticnt. 

"9. Ro'j;cr Gri^-n'olit, her son iT. 51, wasjud-e (jf the Supreme Couri, CiMinecticut. 

" 10. Oliver lilh:uortJi, wIkj married her first cousin's dau-hter .Abii^ail Wolcott, was 
Chief justice of the I'liited St.ites Supreme Court ; .d^n Tnited States Senatoi- ; .lUo I'liited 
St. lies l'nvo\' l-.\tr.undmary to tiic Cnurt o\ l''r.ince. 

"II. Willidin W'ouott }-:ilsioortJ: (I. 6}, son of Abi;_;-.ul (Wolcott) Ellsworth, was JudL':e 
of the .Supreme C(jurt, Connecticut. 

" 12. .Sa/iiiui Jloldcn Parsojis, her nephew through her husband, was appointed iiy 
Washington the llrst CliiiT Justice of the Northwest T(,-rntoi-y. 

"13. .Stiphoi 7/V//y //(',i-Wc7-, who married her grandniere Lucia j'arsoi' s, was Chiet 
Justice of Comiecticut. 

" 14. 77ioi/i(i.<; .^lott irilli,iJ//s, who married Delia I'Usworth, granddaugliter of 
.'\bigad (Wolcott) J'dlsworth, was Chi(;f Justice of ConiuHaicut. 

" 15. William PitlPui, 2il, fir^t ccnisin of her father, was Judge of the Superior Court, 
and Chief Justice of Connecticut. 

" i6. William Pitkin, 3^/, her second cousin (I. 7), was Chief Justice of Ccuuiecticul. 

" 17. William Pttkin, i,tJi, third cousin of her children, was Judge of the Supreme- 
Court, Connecticut. 

" 18. Matt/u-w Pilly)i, who married her second cousin Elizabeth Wolcott, was Judge 
of the Superior Court, Connecticut. 


TiiK c;ris\voli) family of coNNKcricur 

" 19. Jonathan Truniliidl, Soi., lier third cousin (f. 9), was Chief Justice of Conn. 

" 20. 'John Tnanliul/, of the same 'lescent, was Jui!;^"e of liie Superior Court, Conn. 

"21. Ja/iirs LannuDi, who married iier granddauj^diter Marian Chandler, was Judije 
of the Supreme Court, Connecticut. 

" 22. I.afayu'ltc S. h'us^cr, who married her great-g-randchiug-hti'r foanna Lanman, was 
Judge of the Supreme Court, Ciinneclicut ; also United States Senator, and Aci 1111; \'ir,._ 
President of the United States. 

" 23. Nalhan'u-I I'of'f, who married her yrandniece Lucrelia ISackus, was Judge of the 
C^nited Stales Court of Illinois. 

"24. JlLiirv /'. J!(iL-/\-iis, her grandnephew, who marricil her grandniece Juliana Trum- 
Inill Woodljridge, was Judge of the United States Ccnirt of Arizona. 

" 25. M'iHiain \Vo<)dbrid^::;i\ her grandnejihew (I, S\ was Judge of the Su[)reme Court, 

" z(). h'.l'cnczor Lani\ her grandson, who married her grandd.iughter l'"r,inces Cris- 
W(jld, was Chief Justice of ( )liio. 

''27. Williaiii LJris-a'olil Lane, her great-grandson, who married her gn-eat-grand- 
daugluer i'lli-cabeth Dioilate Criswold, was Judge of the Court of Common l'lea>, < )liio. 

"28. CJiiirli's Joh/!son McCnrdv, her great-grandson, was Judge of the Supreme 
Court, Connecticut; also United States Charge d'.Alfiires in Austria ; also Member u\ the 
['ea(_e Congress of 1S61. 

"29. Slu-yloik J. . I n</rc'7L>s, who married her great-granddaughter l-rsula McCurdy 
Allen, was Judge of the .Sujierior Court, ' ihio. 

" 30. Jolin Ihniry ]'>Oiilt, iier griat-grandson, was Judge of the Court ol (Jommon 
Pleas, Nevada. 

"31. Cliarlcs .-llh-n, late Chief Justice of the Superior Court of Massachusetts, was ol 
the same Pitkin blood as hersell. 

" 32. Aaron HaokLy, \vho married Sophia Griswold, her great-great-grandnieee (a 
descendant of her brother Oliver), wa-i Judge of the Supreme Court (jf New "S'ork. 

" lil)- Ifosiah ILiZlU's, descended hajin her l:)rother Poger, was Circuit Judge, 

"34. lloirv Inih/zoin, son of her secoiul cousin 'i'lieodora W'oicott, was a Justice of 
the United St. lies Supreme Court. 

"35. llcnrv Ma! son 11 'a:/.-, Chief pi^tice of Connecticut, and 

•']('). Mo)rison dcndil: \\'aiti\ Chief Justice of the Unitetl Statis Su|)reme Court, 
descended from her own and her husband's ancestor Henry Wolcntt, the first ot the name 
in this country, and from her husband's ancestor the first ^Puthew C.riswold. 

" Notes. 

"Most of those above named as C.overnors and Judges held, also, other high offices. 
All those mentioned as connected with Mrs. C.riswold through lier husband were also 
related to her l)y Wolcott blood, her husband and herself iiavmg been second cousins. 

" Dr. Trumlnill, in his ]listory of 'Connecticut, i. 12'], note, say; : ' Some ol the | Wol- 
cott] family have been Members of the Assembly, Judges of the Superior Court, or Magis- 
trates, from the first settlement of the colony to this time — A.D. I797~during the term of 
more than a century and a half According to Mr. J. Hammond 'I'mmbuU, LP.U., C,ov. 
William Pitkin ' belongrd to a tamily in which the honors of olfice seemed to have become 
iiereditary. A Pitkin sat at the Council-ljoard for three-tiuartcrs ol a century, si.\ or seven 



years only excepted.' A similar remark might be applied to the public life of the Gris- 
wolils .uul Truiiilnills. 

" Among the txtiiiieclions ot Mrs. driswold, not mentioncel, have been man\' men emi- 
nent in the learned protessions, judges of other courts, niembcrs of both Ilou^ts of Con- 
gress, eminent merchants, military ol'licers of high rank, etc. 

"■ I'ro/i'ssor Sij/h/h CircoilcaJ, the distinguished jirote^sor of law in Harvard Univer- 
sity, was her grandnephew through her husband. Mr. Gtoy^c (Jri^/iii, the eminent 
lawyer of New ^'ork, ;ind the famous AV'?'. Dr. lul-ijanl Dorr Grifjh:, were of the same 
Wolcott and driswold lineage as herself and her husband. 

" Christopher P. W'oUott of Ohio, who was Attorney-Oeneral of Ohio, afterwards 
Judge-Advocate-( "/cneral, and died when Assistant Secretary of W'ai', was her great-grand- 

"Lyman Trujiibiill , Justice of the Supreme Court, Illinois, also United States Senator, 
is of tlie same Drake descent as the Trimibulls named in the lists. 

"(lov. i\oger W'okolt, Mrs. (".riswold's father (1. I ), was Major-C^-neral in connnand ^^X 
the Connecticut tronps in the expedition to Ca[ie Ih'eton, ami in tlie siege and cipture ot 
I.oiusburg, in 1745. Judge haastus Wolcott (II. 31 and ( iov. njiver Wolcwtt d. 2), her 
brother, were i;rigadier-0enerals \\\ the Revolution. Judge I'arsons ill. I2) was.Major- 
Cieneral in the Kexolution, and was a member of tlie Court Martial selected by Washing- 
ton for the trial of Major Andre. 

" Ma;or-Gc)!i'ral John Pope, U. S. A., son of Jutlge Pope (II. 23), was di-.tinguished 
in the late civil war ; as were manv of her young descendants, one ol w horn, ih.e heroic 
Captain lohn (Iriswold, ga\e his lile at Antietam. 

" General James S. li'a./szjor/h, of Ceneseo, N. Y., killed in the battle of ihe Wilde-r- 
ness, was descended from several branches of her Wolcott family. Cen. Wadsuonh's sister 
Elizabeth married tlie Hon. Charles Augustus Murray, son of the I-^arl of Dunmore. 

" Her great-great-granddaughter I-":ieanora Lf)rillard, datighter of Lorillard Spencer and 
of her great-granddaughter Sarah C.riswold, is tlie wife of I'rince \'irginio CeMici of \'ico- 
varo, etc., Chamberlain to the reigning King of Italy. I'rincess Ccnci is now one ol the 
Ladies of Honor to the Oueen." 

Governor 'Matthew GriswoUl and his wife both lie buried in the Dnck 
River lUiryint^-Grotind at Lyme. 
The following; are their epitaphs: 

"This monument is erecteil to the memory of Matthew C.riswold I'^sq., late Oovernor 
of the State of Connecticut, wdio died on the 28''' day of April in the year i?'.';—'';^''-'' '^5 
years and 28 d.iys. 

" Sic transit [gloria niundi." 

"Sacred to the memory of Mrs. Ursula Clriswold, the amiable consort ot Matthew 
C.risv/okl Escj., late C.overnor of the State of Connecticut. She departed this lile on the 
S"' day of April, 178S, in the 64''' year of age," 

Their children were : 
]. John (see next pai:^c^ 



2. J/c?///'t'7C', born April 17, 1760 ; graduated at Yale College in 1780-, 
who niarried, September 4, 1788, L\'dia, daughter of iJeacun Seth lL\v of 
Lyme; and, having settled in L\'me, died there, June 10, 1842, s. p. A 
letter from his father to him while in college, now lying before me, is too 
characteristic of the times to be left out of this record : 

'•Lyme, Nov. i8'>' 1779. 
" Dear Son, 

"Thro' I )iviae Goodness wee are all in usual health — I have herewith Sent You a Tiiirty 
Dollar ImII to purehase a I'icket in the Continental Lottery in the Tliinl Class : 1 suppose 
tlu-y cD'c to be had hi j\'e-.u J/a-i'Lii of J>eacon .liis/iii; J ivisli you i:^ood Success ivitJi 
it. If tJicy are not to be Itad in A'eu Haven, you will Juu/uire ^-^ purcliase one 
lilseiahere — If there be no Chance to purchase one, lay up your Money, and keep it sale. 
— I hope you will ])ursue your Studies Vv'ilh Dilligence & Indnstrv — l^ul aljove all keep Holy 
the 8al)l)ath Day »i pay all Possilde Rei:;ayd to Kclii^ion : a 7'crtuous Life is the only 
/■'oundatiiin upon, luhich you can Depend to be Comfortable here is^ JLiP'P'y in the 
Contini^ World — ^tlie Joy ot your J'"riends and a lileshin;^- to the world. 

■' From your aitection.ite Fatlier 

Malth'" Criswold " 
" ^L■llth" ( .1 iswold Inn' " 

lie learnt the science and practice of law from his father; became, in 
time. Chief Jtidge of the County Court of New London ; and some of the 
men of later times most eminent in the legal profession studied law under 
his direction, together with that of his more distinguished brother Roger, 
including Judge James Gould, afterwards at the head of the famous law- 
school of Litchfield, Conn., Chief Justice Henry ALitson W'aite and Judge 


,;^^;,.,^^^^^^ ^:'^^^dL^^^^^C^<-p^ 


exercised sway over numerous tribes in their vicinity. Yet they did 
not secure them as tributaries, exacted no levies, and required tlieir aid 
only when other and more warlike tribes, by repeated encroachments, forced 
them to the field. On such occasions, their arrangements partook of more 
order and gave evidence of a higher knowledge of military tactics than was 
common at that early day among the aborigines. Possessing all necessary 
courage, they were cautious, prudent and most determined in battle, }'et 
at all times open to honorable propositions for peace. 

The opinion formed by Iberville of the'unflinching bravery and deter- 
mined courage of this peculiar people, as well as their ^\■ill and [)o\\er to 
protect themselves from injur}% was proven upon further acquaintance to 
be correct ; and from this fact, the French were for a time induced to act 
with greater caution and circumspection in their dealings with them than 
was always the case with the wjiite intruders toward the lords of the soil. 
At first kindness was returned for kindness, and nothing but sliglit retali- 
ation was inllicted for any slight injury innict(,"d on one of their number, 
Ijut, as was generally the case, the whites became encoiu'aged after an 
intercourse of the most amicable and friendly character had continued for 
several years, and began to encroach upon the gallant natives. v\t first 
infringing slightly upon their rights, then by trivial exactions and un^\■ise 
boasting. The pride and wrath of the free sons of the forest were at last 
excited. RemorLstrances against repeated outrages, of seemingb/ small 
import, were made ; an unwilling car was turned to them. The nati\'es 
referred with pride to the time A\'hen the infant colon\' deri\'ed its sole 
support from their kindness, and endeavored to awaken the better feelings 
of the French to a sense of the injustice and wrong inllicted In' min.or 
odicials ol their colon)-, who were too far reni()\-ed trom tlie chief of tb.e 
government to l)e' under his immediate notice — but all in\-ain. The moment 
came when forbearance ceased, (hi themorm'ng of December 2^, 1729, the 
Natchez Indians arose in their wrath and murderetl every I' in the 
colony. While rejoicnig in their success they were in turn attacl<ed J.uui- 
ary 28, 1730, by the Choctaws, under the leadership of Le Sueur, who 
took swift and terrible vengeance for the slaughter of his countrymen. A 
few days later Soubois, at the head of the I'rench troops, com[)leted the 
work of destruction. 

Part of the doomed tribe escaped across the Mississippi to the 
vicinity of Natchitoches, but the fortress they there erected could not long 
withstand the force sent against it. The chief and over four hundred of 
the tribe were taken prisoners and sold as slaves, while some were incor- 
porated with the Chickasaws and Muskogees, and others fled to the far 
West. Thus perished the Natchez Indians. 



3. Roger, born ]\Iay 21, 1762 ; graduated at Yale College in 1780, in the 
same elass with his brother Matthew. He studied law with his father; 
was admitted to the bar of New London in 17S3 ; and was chosen to be a 
Representative in Congress in 1794, which place he filled for the ten fol- 
lowing years. In 1801 he was appointed Secretary of War b\- TiX'sident 
Adams, but declined the honor, having jM-eviously requested that the nom- 
ination might be witlulrawn. He was a Judgt,- of the Superior Court from- 
1807 to 1809 ; was elected ])y the Legi-^lature Lieut. -Governor of Connect- 
icut in 1809, and continued to hold that office till 1811, when, by popular 
vote, he became Chief Magistrate of the State. He died in the chief 
magistracy, Oct. 25, 1812. In all positions he pro\-ed himself a born 
" master of men." Of his early career as an advocate it is related by 
an eye-witness that on one occasion, when only twent}'-six }-ears old, 
being called to argue before the Supren^ie Court an important case " in- 
volving many intricate questions," ii\ company with another " gentleman of 
the first rank in his profession," he did his work so thoroughly well that 
his associate was constrained to acknowledge " that after the very able 
arguinent of the ver)- ingenious young gentleman a\1io had just sat down, 
an)- obr.ervalions from him could answer no other ]nir[)ose than to injure 
his client's cause." f ^^ \'er)' handsome man, \\alh flashing black e)'es, 
a commanding figure and majestic mien, as described b)' one still living 
who often saw him,:{; he seemed even by outward presence born to rule. 

The National Hall of Reju-esentatives was the chief field o{ his infiu- 
ence. lleie, during part of President Washington's adnn'nisliation, the 
wh(de of that of President Adams, and especially during a [Kirt of the ad- 
ministration of President Jefferson, when he was in the opposition, he 
stood forth as the fearless yet alwa}-s courteous, the uncompromis- 
ing though cautious, champion of the political principles of the school 
of Washington. Though commanding, he was never arbitrary. His oi)in- 

•f An Eiilogium ... of His l^xcelloncy Roycr Griswold . . . By David Dagt^ctt . . . New 
Haven, 1S12. pp. q, iO. 

\ Judi;c Charles J. McCunly of Lyme. 

♦ Copyrijilit, 1384, by Edward Elbridgc Salisbury. 


ions were always respectfully heeded, even by liis opponents, however 
they might argue against them, in frank debate, or seek for vulnerable 
points at which to assail him secretly, or endeavor to pierce his armor with 
shafts of raillery, as did John Randolph of Roanoke, his frcfpicnt antago- 
nist in the discussion of important questions. Most of the great public 
questions of his time have either passed out of the minds of the present 
generation, or assumed new aspects through the onward rush of events — 
"tempora mutantur, nos et mutamur cum illis " — so that a detailed review 
of the political life of Roger Griswold, except in an elaborate biography, 
might be out of place. But justice requires that this famii\--meinorial 
should recognize his profound loyalty to principle, his supreme and un- 
swerving regard to what he thought to be right, irrespective of considerations 
of expediency, which caused it to be said of him : "There is no duty he 
will not be found adequate to, nor any one from v.'hich he ^\•ill shrink," ^^ 
and which " extorted even from his political adversaries an affection f<:)r his 
worth, a reverence for his pre-eminent talents." f The secret of his ])Owcr 
lay, as has been said, in the " wonderful i)romptness " of his mind, which 
" penetrated every subject presented to it," and " saw it clearly and in all 
its connections. What others gained by study and rellection he attained by 
intuition. Having no obliquity of intention, he went directly to his 
object." ■}; No one can read the Journal of Congress during his member- 
ship in the House without noticing how invariably he viev/ed every subject 
brought up as it was affected by the fundamental lav; of the land, the Con- 
stitution, and by constitutional interpretations. 

As expressive of the trust reposed in him by others of the eminent 
patriots of his da\', a fact perhaps not generall\- miiy be here 
recorded--lhat some of tlie leading l-ederalists who met, after his death, 
in the famous Hartford Convention, luid had their attention turned to him 
for President in tin- possible continge'.icy of a ^.eparation of the New Eng- 
land States from the rest of the Union. This fact was communicated to 
me by the late Mr. Frederick H. Wolcott, of Astoria, L. I., as he heard it 
from'his father, a brother of Gov. Oliver Wolcott, who often spoke of Gov. 
Griswold, says his son, " in terms of affection, and profound respect for his 
eminent qualities," though he was not in sympathy with the political opm- 
ions of the Old Federalist leaders. 

Here it is proper to speak of the personal violence committed on INIr. 

* Letter of Chauncey Goodrich to Oliver Wolcott, Sen., dated Mar. 26, i7</j, in Memoirs of tlie 
Administrations of Washinjiton and John Adams . . . L-y Gcor-o Gibbs . . . New York, 
1S46, i. 324. 

f Daggett's Eulogium, ut supra, p. 12. t Id., ibid. 


Griswold by Mattlicw Lyon in 1798, and Mr. Griswold's resentment of It. 
I relate the occurrence in the words of a son of the late Josiah Ouincy of 
Massachusetts, a fellow CouL^n-essman and political as well as personal friend 
of Mr. Griswold : 

" In 1797 he [Lyonl went to ConL^ress, where lie innui^urateil, in Jaji. 179S, the series of 
acts of [lerbonal iii'^ult ami violence which have <li^;^l'aced Con;^ress, hum tune to time, troni 
that (lay to this, by spittiiv,;' in the lace of Mr. Griswold of Connecticnt, on some occasion 
of offense he took at him. 'I'he House refusing to expel hini l.iy a sUact parly vole, .Mr. 
CriswoKl took justice into his own hands, and caned him \i\ his seat a few days allerwards, 
for which sin^i^ular process of redress he too went scol-free, also by a party vote, neither the 
Administration nor the Opposition commanding the Iwo-lhu'ds requibite lor the expulsion 
of a member." * 

The motives which actuated Mr. Griswold in tlic course he toolc in this 
affair will be best understood from a private letter to his wife, dated Phila- 
delphia, Feb. 28, 1798, in wh.ich he says : 

"After the decision of the house which retained the wretch in his seat, I found but two 
courses v/hich (in my opinion) I couM possibly take — either to address a h-tier to the 
House, anil in severe languaL;e criminate the conduct of tlie mmority in the Ibjuse, and 
resign my seat, or to pursue the course which I have taken — chastise the rascal in his seat, 
and by that act ch.istise both him and the parly, and in defiance of them all let them know 
that I knew how to a\enge my own \vr(jngs, and that I was not to be driven liom in\' seat 
by any villainy of theirs. 'I"o the first ot these measures there were very great objections — - 
I did not feel willing to return into Connecticut, alter the insult 1 had recei\ed m so pub- 
lic a manner, without taking satisfaction .... in addition to \vliich circumstance the 
idea of being driven from tlie House by a minoritv, when a majority were giving me every 
sup|)ort in their power, and were prepared to vindicate every step winch I should take, 
Sd-ined to carry alon;;' with it a certain meanness of spirit and want of resolution which 
was wholly inadmr-ubU' ; the olhei' course, although attended with dillicullii's, was in mv 
opinion much to he pielerred ; it look'd like goiuL; torwai'd, consi ie)us of the iniur\- which 
I had recei\'ed, and at the same time with a determination to punish it, in deiiance of fac- 
tion, and a resolution to maintain my situation without fearing the eiforts of villains to dis- 
courage me. The e\-ents have completely justified the measure, and, although my enemies 
may condemn the harshness of the remedy, yet my friends will a]>prove of it : the newspa- 
jter scpiibs which have and will app'-ar on the occasion are of no conseciuence — they may 
tell lit-, as usual, but they cannot lake off the beating." 

The same views arc expressed in a letter to his father, dated ]\Iarch 19, 
1798, as follows : 

" I have no idea of committing any further \-iolence myself; the violence which I com- 
mitted by chastising the Vermonter had become absolutely necessary — I was reduced 
to the necessity either of leaving Congress with disgrace to myself, and, in arldition thereto 

* Life of Josiah Quincy . . . By his son Edmund Quincy. Loston, iSGS, p. 327. 


to leave a stii;ma on the State \\hich wou'd be constantly thrown at our Representatives, 
or to wii^e off the stigma by inllictini; a public chasliseincnt. I chose the laiter, as 1 !)e- 
lieve every man who ]-iosses.s'(l any spirit wouM have clone ; and, although I regret the 
occasion, yet 1 believe I shall ne\-er lament the measure." 

This is the inner history of tlic much-talked-of " affair " between Roller 
Griswold and IMatthcw Lyon. It will be seen tliat Mr. Gri.^wold's course 
was not prompted by any spirit of revent^^e : he shrank irom the act of per- 
sonal violence, and only resorted to it because no other redress could be 
obtained. In accordance with the s[)irit of the tintes, his " honor must be 
maintained." If he had been a Southerner, he \\'ould have prompt!}' chal- 
lenged L}'on to a duel ; beinc; a X(")rtherner, accustomed to self-control, 
and attaching a high value to hunian lite, he did but stand on tlie defensive 
in a manly use of nature's weapons. The power of the old Grisv\(jld 
champion, his ancestor, came over him ; the sense of right and an indignant 
revolt against the gross injury he had received added strength to his tall, 
athletic form ; and in the presence of the Congress before \\hich he had 
been insulted he vindicated his honor, and silenced Ids opponent. 

"As a judge," to ((uote again the words of anothier, " sincerity, that incorrupitible 
integrity which adorned his lilt-, eminently a|ipcarfd. Mis N'cry respectable associates on 
the judgment-seat, and the suitors and advocates who \\'itnesscd his dcpnrtment, will tes- 
tily that all the veliemence and ardour of the advocate were left at the bar, and that can- 
dour, patience X: deliberation governed his CMiuluct. ]l:s di-,cernnKnt >.\; virtue were a 
])rotection to the innocent ; the oppressor and the fraudulent, lil<e llie wicked, were scattered 
with his eye." * 

During the brief time he occupied the gubernatorial cliair, thotigh 
alread\' stdTering- from mortal illness, lie was iin-^]iaring of himselt in his 
devotion to the intere ts of his native State, amid tmusual perplexities 
arising from national events, as well as from the settlement of delicate 
questions which they called for, concerning the relations of State to 
National authority. 

He was a dutiful son, an affectionate husband and father. Tic was of a 
social nature ; warm in his friendships, gra'cious of deportment in the gen- 
eral intercourse of society, sympathetic towards all objects of public utility, 
and a benefactor of the needy. 

The following extracts front his speeches arc given as specimens of his 
style of argument and modes of expression in public debate. The\- are 
from speeches delivered by him as i\Iember of Congress in 1802 and 1803, 
on a call for papers relative to the Louisiana Treaty, on a proposed amend- 

* Dagg<.'tt's Eulogium, ut supra, pp. 13-I-I. 


ment to the Constitution respecting the election of President, and on the 
constitutional right of Congress to unseat judges by repeaHng the law reg- 
ulating their appointment. 

Discussing the first of these subjects, he said : 

" I am one of those who do now bf-Heve, and always have believed, that the exclusive 
right of forming treaties resides in the President >.\; Senate ; and thai, when rati'ied, it is 
the duty of every department of the Government to carry them into effect. This treaty, 
then, if fairly and constitutionally made, is a law of the land, and we are bound to execute 
it. Ikit it is necessary to know its nature i.\: elfects, to carry it into execution. 11 it is a 
mere dead letter, there is no necessity for any laws whate\-er. ... In my judgment the 
treaty is uncertjiin. ... If we have acc|uired the country & people, it is certainly projier 
to pass laws for the preservation of order and tranquillity ; but if we have accjuired neither, 
whence the necessity of i)assing such laws ? It would be improper ; it would be usurpa- 
tion. W'e contend tluit the treaty does not ascertain these points ; gentlemen ditfer 
from us in opinion. Ihit 1 beg them calmly and seriously to attend to its language. I'y 
the first article it appears that Spain jirumised to cetle Louisiana to France on certain sti])- 
ulatiuns. She //'('////,V('.v to cede, (ientlemen cannot mistal-;e the import of tlie hmi^ua^e; 
it is a promise, riot a ccssii)n. Will it be said that France accjuired any title by 
this ])romise? . . . The terms of the treaty ;ire, 'Whereas, in pursuance of the treaty [of 
Ildefonso|, ami particularly of the third article, the French Republic has an incunteslihle 
title,' l\;c. Will gentlemen say that this assertion on the part of h'rance gives her a title ? 
It gives her no title. An asbertion by France cannot atiect Spain. . . ." 

And again : 

" r>v this article it is declared: 'That the inhaliitants of the ceded territon,- shall he 
incoriJorated into the Uni(jn of the United States, and admitted as soon as possihle, accord- 
ing to the principles of the Constitution, to the enjoyment of all the riglits, advantages and 
immunities (j| citizens.' It is, jjcrhaps, somewhat dillicult to ascertain the precise effect 
which it was inuiidcd to yj\c the wolds which ha\e been used in this stipulaiion. ft is, 
however, clear that it was intended to incorporate the iidiai.iilants of the ceded territory 
into the Ibiion, by the treaty itself, or to pledge the taith of the nation that such an incor- 
])oration should take place within a reast)nable time. It is proper, therefore, to consider 
the(|uestion with a releience to both conhtructions. 

" It is, in my opinion, scarct:ly posbible lor any gentleman on this floor to advance an 
opinion ihdt the President and Senate may add to the members of the Lbiion by treaty 
whenever they please. . . . Such a power would be directly reinigiiant to the original 
compact between the States, and a violation of the [irincipleb on \\ liich that compact was 
formed. It has been already well ol)ser\-ed that the union of tlie .Slates was forme 1 on the 
principle of a co]iartnership, and it would be absurd to suppose that the agents of the par- 
ties wdio have been appointeil to execute the l)usiness of the compact, in behalf of the [ain- 
cipals, could admit a new partner without the consent of the ])arlies themselves. And ycl;, 
it the first construction is assumed, such must he the case under ihi.s Constitution, and tlie 
President and .Senate may admit, at will, any foreign nation into this copartnership, without 
the consent of the States. ... 

" The government of the United Slates was not formed for the purpose of distributing- 


its principles and advantages to foreign nations. It was formed with the sole view of 
securing those blessings to ourselves and our posterity. It tollows from these principles 
that no"^ power can reside in any public functionary to .'.-.n tract any engagement, or to 
pursue any measure, which shall change the union of the States. . . . Tlie rresident, 
with the advice of the Senate, has undoubtedly the right to form treaties, but in exercising 
these powers he cannot barter away the Constitution, or tlie rights of particular Slates. . . . 
The .njvernnient having been formed by a union of States, it is sujjposable that the fear of 
an undue or preponderating inlluence, in certain parts of this Union, must have great 
weight in the minds of those who might apprehend that such an inlluence might ulti- 
mately injure the interests of the States to which they belongeil ; and, although diey might 
consent to become parties to the Union, as it was then formed, it is higlily I'irobable they 
would never have consented to such a connection, if a new world was to be tnrown into 
the scale, to weigh down the iidluence v/hich iliey might otherwibc possess in the naiional 
councils." ... * 

In the debate on the proposed amendmeitt to the Constitution, mainly 
to the end that only one person shotdd be voted for as President, instead 
of two, by the Electors of each State— which was adopted, and has been 
ever since in force — he said : 

"There is another view of this subject which furnishes to my mind a conclusive argu- 
ment against tlie proposed amendment. In all governments which have hitlierto existed, 
in which the elective principle has extended to the Executive ^higistrate, it Ik.s been im- 
possible, for any length of time, to guard against corruption in the elections. Tlie danger 
is not an im.aginaryOne in this country. The office of Fresident i> at this time the great 
objectof aml)ition, and, as the wealth and populatitui of this country increase, the powers of 
patronage of the I're^ident must necessarily be extended. AVe cannot expect to escape 
the fate of other repuldics. Candidates for the oHice of {'resident will arise who, umler 
the assumed garb of patriotism and disinterested benevolence, will disguise llie most unprin- 
cipled ainbitu)n. Corruption will be practiced by such candidates whenever it can be 
iKine w id\ success. 

"It is thei lore an obiect of the hrst importance to rcKuLite the election in sucli a 
manner as to remove, as f.'ir as possilde, both the 1emi>tatioii and the means of corruinion. 
If gentlemen will attend to the proposed ameialment wibi reference to this point, they uill 
lind that the means and the teini)tation to corruption must be increased. As the Consti- 
tution now slaiuls, the man who aspires to the oHice of !>iesident can at best but run ihe 
race on eciual terms with some individual of his own party. In order to succeed he must 
not only obtain for himself and his associate a greater num!)er of votes than Ids own po- 
litical opponents, but he must obtain more votes than the associate liimseli. The chances 
of success are by those means rendered more remote, and, however desirable the ohice 
may be, the temptations to enter the list, or to make individual exertions, are diminished. 
The means of corruption must generally be found in the offices at the disposal ot tlie Fres- 
ident ; and these, it is well known, constitute a fund of great extent; and when the election 
is brought to such a point as to rest with two candidates only, this fund may be used with 

* Debates and Proceed ings in the Congress of the United States. . . . Eighth Congress . . , 
1303-04. Washingtouj 1852, pp. 404,461-02. 


great success. . . . But so long as your elections remain on this present fooling, the 
means of corruption are diminished, because the aspiring candidate can only proniise lliis 
corrupt distribution of ofhces upon eventually succeeding to llie Presidency ; and, as his 
chances of success are diminished by the mode of election, his promises are of less value to 
the Elector, and of course will be less frequently made and more generally rejected. . , . 
" Ikit there is one important lesson which the ex|)ei it-nce of that election |llie elLClion 
of Jeflerson by the Mouse of Reiiresuntatives] has taught the peopU: of the Ignited States — 
it is this, that it becomes the great and solemn duty of ICIectors, upon all occasions, to give 
their votes for two men who shall lie l)c--.t (pialit'ied for the office of I'resident. Tlie J'dect- 
ors do not — they cannot — know which of their own candidates will succeed. They ai'e tliere- 
fore called u[)()n by every sacred pnnciiile to select the most eminent of their lellow-citi/ens. 
They will be stimulated, on all future occasions, by the expe'rience ol llie last election, to 
do, what I trust they have heretofore done — to gix'e their vote^5 kir tv.o men in either of 
whom they are willing to conlide the Llxeculive power of the C.overnment. \\'hat then can 
induce us to change the f(.)rm of our elections? Some gentlemen ha\-e said a great deal 
about the \-oiceof the [)eople, and declared lliat the jieople demand the alteration. This is 
a language too iVequenllv used within these walls. The [)urp(jses for which it i'^ used I 
leave to others toe.\|)lain ; but it must l^e i)erlectly understood that the clamors ol design- 
ing men are too often mistaken for the voice of the [jeople. The people are i-a rely tlis- 
posed to seek for changes, whilst they feel and enjoy the blessings of their old establish- 
ments. 1)6 tills as it may, we ha\-e been sent into this House to obey no voice but that ot 
our own consciences and judgments." ... * 

■ One sees in all these speeches the qualities of his mind and character. 
Btit the most clear, terse, compact, conclusive and exhatistive of all his ar- 
guments was, probably, that which he delivered in 1802, on the question 
whether Congress has the power to remove judges, during good behavior, 
by abolishing their offices — a question which arose in the first session un- 
der Jefferson's presidenc}', with reference to appointments made at a late 
day (if thr aduiiuistratiiMi of his protlecessor. 'I'his aigunteut has been 
considered one oi the \'er\- able^u cA'er made in Congress; }'et its power so 
much de[)emls iq)on its contpleteness that full justice cannot be done t<) it 
by extracting single passages. I venture, however, to quote the following : 

"There is another strange position which has been advocatc<l upon this occasion, 
and which deser\es some attention because it has lieen ollen repeated. It is that, 
although you cannot remove the judge from the office, you may remove the (jflice from the 
judge. To this extraordinary assertion I answer that the words of llie Constitution admit 
of no such construction. The expression being that the judge shall liold his ottice during 
good behaviour, necessarily implies and secures a union of the oliice and the otiicer, so 
long as the officer shall behave well; anil a removal of the office from the judge destroys 
as effectually this union as the removal of the judge from the oflice could do. ... 11 con- 
structions ot this kind can be admitted, there is not a crime which was ever perpetrated 
by man which cannot bejustitied. Sir, upon this jjrincipile, although j'ou may not kill I'y 

* Debates and Proceedings in the Congress . . . ut supra, p['. JADS- 


thrustint;- a daq-cjer intu tlie breast of your neii^hlKtr, yet )-ou may compel )()ur nei-hbor 
to kill hiiuseir by toreini;- liiin upon the (la;4L;er ; you hiiall not niui-dt-r by (li.r;,ti-o_\iiv_; tiie 
life of a man, but you may coiiliue your cncniy in prison, and leave bini wilhout looJ to 
starve ami to die. Tliese may be ;^ootl distinctions in tlie new s_\stem oi ]"ihiU)S0])In', but 
the)' can never lie admittetl in the old school. 

"The [lower gi\en to the courts tu pronounce on the constitutionality of laws would 
be entirely tlefeated in those times when the exercise of that power becomes most neces- 
sary, if the jud^res are not jilaced beyond the pnjwer of the Le;.;ihlature. Tiie idea of i^iv- 
iny this power to the courts, and at the same time of leavini^" the courts at the mercy of 
that tlepartment over which the power is to be exercised, is rather too absurd for gentle- 
men e\en in these days of e.\tra\'a^ance ; and ;.^enllenien awai'e of this ha\'e had the con- 
fidence to deny that this power resiijes in the courts 

"Sir, if there is no jiower to clieck the usurpations of the Ix'i^islature, the inevitable 
conse(|uence must be that the ConL;ress ol the Ibiited States becomes trul\ omnipotc nt. 
All power must be concenlraieil liere, before Nvhich every deivirtment and all State- 
authorities must fall prostrate. Admit this jirinciple and noihiiv^' can resist the attacks of 
your national laws u[)on our State-sovereignties. Here is an end of your Federal !^''o\ern- 
ment. A consulidjtion of tin; States is the immediate ellect, and in a tew shtu't years 
these soverer^nties will not even (jlit;dn the name .... 

" I sliould now close tiie oI)ser\ atinns which I had to stibmit to the Committee upon 
this interestin;^- question, had nut the L;entlemen on the other side of the House thuu;^ht 
proper to involve in this debate a discussion of several topics not necessarily connected 
with the subject . . . and, althou-h I cannot see their apiilication, yet I am not tii^iiosed 
to set up my discernment as the standard of infallibility, and shall therefore now jiay due 
respect to the path which these gentlemen have marked out. . . . 

" The .gentleman bei;ins his remarks by sayin;^ that two ]);irties have existed in this 
country from the commencement of the present ( lovernmeiil ; the one whnt the gentleman 
has been pleased to denominate a party of energy, and the other a party of responsibility ; 
the fu-st, disi)osed to go forward with the alf.iirs of the (kn-ernment with energy, as they 
seemed ri^dit and expedient, and the other only in submission to the public will. Sir, it can 
be no news to the members of this CommitHa- thai two parties exist in this country, nor 
can i;eiulenien be ignoi.nit two parlies did exist 111 the iialion at the ad.oplion t.f the 
Constitution ; the (uie consisting of it sb i.nds, and the other composed of its enemies ; nor 
is it necessary for me to say how the present have grown out of tliese original parties. It 
is sufficient for my present purpose to say that the jiarties alluded to by the gentleman 
from \'irginia are characterized by prominent features, and cannot easily be mistaken. . . . 
One great feature which has characterized those whom the gentleman has been pleased to 
denominate the party of energy, lias been their strong attacliment to the present Constitu- 
tion ; and a determination not only to leave each department to the exercise ot its proper 
functions, but to support them in it. Their oppaients, to say nothing of tlieir attachment 
to the Constitution, iiave on the contrary been disposed to bring all the ixnvers ot the C.ov- 
ernment into the House of Representatives, and in that way to strip the other branches ol 
their constitutional authority. . . . 

"Again, this party of energy was disposed to establish and support jniblic credit, in 
which their opponents did not agree. This jiarty of energy was likewise determined to 
defend their country against the hostile attacks of the enemy, and to supinua the interests, 
the safety and honor of the nation ; their opponents, on the contrary, were disposed to 


prostrate everything- tliat was dear to tlie will of the enemy. One party was disposed to 
build up and support, while the otiiers were, and still are, deternuncd to i)u!l down and 
tiestroy. . . . 

" The puhlie debt lias been spoken of, and it has been charijed as a crime that these 
solemn eni^ag^ements, whicli were the ])rice of our independence, and f(;r the discharge of 
which tlie national faith was ])ledi;ed, have been pro\ided for by the old Administration. 
Sir, are we to understand that this crime is to be ultimately atoned for by wi[)in- out the 
debt with a sjionge .''... 

" The Indian war has also been alluded to in very extraordinary lanc^uag-e, as an 
event which was j^Tcedily sei^^ed to enlarge the held of I'.xecutive patrona"e. Sir, tlie 
gentleman cannot intend to insinuate that the Indian war was excited l)y the Administra- 
tion ; the causes which ])roduceLl that war are too i)ublicly known to l)e for-otten or mis- 
understood. And has it indeed, at this lime, become criniinal for the Government to 
defend the inhabitants of our Irontier from the attacks of tlie s.ivag-es ? 

"The f^'entleman has likewise told us tfial the de|)redations u])on our rommerce by the 
I^arbary i'owers, and by the French cruisers, were made a pretext for commeiiciiv_;- a Naval 
I-".stal)lishment, and in tliis way of extending this bugbear of Rxecutive patron a L''e-. Sir, 
this remark gi\es me no surprise. I know perfectly well lliat tlier>.' is a party in tiii-, coun- 
trv who are opposed to our comnierce and to our navy. I shall long recollect the depreda- 
tii.ins which were matle upon our commerce by the I-'rcnch, and the tliflicultv with which 
gentlemen w ere persuaded to repel tliose tlepredalions. I cannot forget that, before they 
would consent to our first measure of defence, the cruisers of f^rance were caiUuring your 
ships within the Delaware Eay. It is certainly true lliat the old Admini^traiiuii was 
neither the enemy of commerce nor of the navy; and it is as certainlv true that they were 
etpialiy disposed to (hdend your citizens against Algerine slavery and the depredati- ms of 
France. And to mercliants and seamen of this country, and the ctjinmunitv at large, I am 
willing- to refer the (juesfion \vliether it was [iroper to surrender our commerce to the cnemv, 
and give up our seamen to slavery, or defend both by m\ adecpiate Naval Fstab- 
lishmenl." ... * 

The representatives of some of Governor Griswold's confidential cor- 
resiu)iulciHs h,i\ e lKcnap[i|ieil to for lotter.^ot' liis which ini;.'ht enrich this 
record; but time and the inditfereiice of yontisger i^eiierations ha\'e ren- 
ih'red the aiii)Iication fruitless. ( )nly one letter of this sort has been found, 
which is anioni;- the faniil}'-papers at IMackhall. Nor have many important 
letters addressed to liitn been handed down in the family. 

The one confidential letter of Governor Griswold here referred to was 
addressed to Jud^;e Elias rerkitis of New T.ondon, Conn. It is highly 
worthy of preservation, both for its subject and its tone. As will be seen, 
it was called forth by the failure of the nei^^otiatiijns of the special envoys 
to France — I'inckney, {Marshall and Gerry — in the time of the French Direct- 
ory, imder Talleyrand as Minister of h\^reign y\ffairs, in 1797-98, respectiiiL^ 
depredations on American commerce committed in pursuance of the war 

* Debates and Froc. of the Congress. . . . Seventh Congress. . . . iSoi-02. \Vasliinglon, 
1 85 1, pp. 77'J, 7^3. 791-93- 


then going on bctv/ccn France and Great Britain. •■ The letter is as fol- 
lows : 

" riiiladelpliia, June 20th, 179S. 
" Dear Sir, 

" I liave tlic pleasure to arknowlerlge tlie receipt of your letter of llie 12th instant. 
"Tin; inipressions whicli the reading of the dispatehcs Irom our Envoys have n^iade on 
your mind, arc such as every man must feel who is alive to the honour and interests of this 
Country ; the only apology which I can torm for the feeble display of spirit, which api)cars 

in tlieir note to the minister of foreign relations, arises from thee <1 situatinn into 

wliich they were thrown. Without knowing the real temper of this Country, Marsludl and 
Pinckney were connected wdth a New-Englander who was sup])osed to rei)resent tlie feel- 
in""s and wishes of tlie New-England States : to disagree with such a man, ])laccd in so 
important a situation, and rejjresenting at best a divided people, aj)peared like rushing on 
destruction : if liy such a step tht;y shou'd lose the confidence of the Nortliern States, the 
Country niust have been lost. From this consideration only can 1 accouiU. lor llu'ir sub- 
scribin"- to expressions which must have put tiieir pride and sentiments on the rack : the 
thin<-^ certainly admits of palliation, but after all I can harilly excuse these (Gentlemen, as 
hi""hly as I respect them, for the manner in wliich they consented to discuss the (pie.->tion 
of a Loan. Lut the business has gone past, and the mission is at an end, and v,-e may re- 
joice that it has terminated so well. ?\larshall is here, and a description of what he and 
Pinckney have suffered ... f is sufficient to render even their faults virtues. 

"Your sentiments respecting the want of decision and spirit in tliis government cor- 
respond with my own : if Heaven did not take better care of us than we take of ourselves, 
we shou'd sink never to rise again. 

"The iiistory of the world, in every page, demonstrates that no nation ever gained any- 
thing by forbearance or timidity--a bold, decided and manly administration atlways has 
and allwayswiU be crowned with success; even war itself, which the feeble-minded so 
greatly dread, can only be avoided bv boldness; indecision and pusillanimity only invite 
a.-ression ami the neck that submits will allways decorate the gibbet. I'hese truths have 
been exemi^lihe.l in the progress of our disputes with France. Mr. Marshall now declares, 
what a manv preached tuo vears ago,, if this government had acted uuh spirit 
and .len.ion une ^ar a.o, there wouM have been no <lilh.a,lty in bringing the late nego- 
tiation to a fortun.ite i..ue. Ihit what couVl be expected for a people who were kneeling 
at the footstool of French despotism? Justice has but little to do in the adjustment ot 
disputes between nations, and, so long as America appeared willing to put on the chains 
of servitude, the Callic Tyrants were wilhng to supply them. WouM to ( loo that our ex,,e- 
rienceeven at this time taught us wisdom ; but an unaccountable spirit ol timidity and 
weakness still prevails among a certain class of persons who are strongly attached to the 
Government ; this conduct is gradually undermining the mam lallarof our existence-it is 
sappin- the foundation ot that contldence on which alone our luuion can rest ; t!ie truth 
really is that no one measure has been adopted by the Legislature lor the national detence 

* See Iiistory of the United States of America. T5y Richard Hildretli. New York, 1S55, ii. 
95 ff. ; and CUhbs's Admin, of Washington and Adams. . . . ut supra, i. 55S ff- and n. 2 If. 

t The imputations cast upon Ccrry, in connection with this celch..ited mission, have l>een fully 
set a.ide by a plain .latcment of facts with documentary proofs, in the Life of Elhridge Gerry. . . 
By James T. Austin. Boston, iS2(j. ii. i<;0-295. 


which has not l)een forced upon it l)y the pres.sure of i)ul)Iic opinion ; and the Government, 
consisting- of all its departments, which onght bv its united eiK-rgy to gi\'e a tone to the 
public mint!, and point out the path of honour and Independence, has beeutlriven like clialf 
before a torrent of public spirit which coii'd not be entirely resisted. 

" I h(jpe the return of Mr. Marsludl will bring- along with it new spirit and energy ; and 
those hcji\est nicn who ha\e heretolore sought lor peace with meekness am.1 hunnlity, will 
at Libt leara that it is oidy to br found in tn-nuiess, energy ».\: honour. 

"]\Ir. ]\Iar.->hall declares tliat, in his opinion, the French have taken their ground in 
respect to this Cuunti-y, from w hicli they will not, without a new revolution in I'aris, recede 
— that we are to exjiect nothing but War or Tribute, that we ha\e our choice of tluse altcr- 
nati\es ; and I trust tliat the choice has l)eea loiig since made in the breast of every 

" I reniain with esteem 

Your frierid & very Humble Serv' 

R. Criswold." 

Of letters addressed to Gov. Gris^^•old, preserved hi tlic farnily, the fol- 
lowing:^ arc all which it seems worth while to incorporate, either entire or in 
part, in this memorial: 

" New London, Tanuar\' iSth, iSoo. 
" Dear Sir, 

" I most sincerely concur v.-illi you in your sentinients on the deatl-i of (^'-n'^ \Yashington, 
The citizens of this towii Joined last week wnh tlie garrison in paying funeral honors to 
the men-iory of the illustrious dccea;,''' — the ]iioceedings were indeed s<yieniri, ami calculated 
to make a strong impression. .May the hoiuu-able sensibility excited in this and other 
places have the etiect to allay the en\-y and malignity naturally arising in narrow minds 
towards the authors of great and noble actions, and turn tlie v/liule atteiition on the dis- 
tinguished merit ol the nughtv- Chiel I fl-ippv will it l)e for this Country if his moral and 
political \-irtni-s should be the criterion by wliich tlie American character shall be lormetl. 

"The i<t pcoplv- upon this moumhil occasion, from this and the neighboring 
towns, was immen-^e ; an address \n as dele, crrd by ( ',en'' 1 hmtington, X; an oi-alion b\- Ly- 
man Law, which do honor to tlie performers. It must be v.'isdom in the friends of ortler 
to improve the preseiit sensibility of the nation to our political advantage. And may the 
I lero, like S.unjjson, slay niore of Ins enei-iues at his death than in his whole lif/time ! 
Nations as well as imhviduals ar. governed bv habit ; n-iost peoiile are \\-iHing- to take the 
general opinion upon trtist, if they can be bied from the trouble of ii-i\-estigating its pro- 
priety. Hence the in-iportance of estaldishing riglit modes of thinking as well as acting. 
Let the principles of Washington be the rule of faith and ]n-actice, and our childri-n f)e 
tauglit that liis ways were pleasantness, and his /'if/Z/j /<-r?(-t'. 

"Your remark that the exertions of the Jacobins, this I-dection, would be ])owerfuI & 
violent, begins to be verified. We have had a specimen of it here within a few clays. Our 
mechanics received a communication through Holt the Printer from the same l.iod)' at New 
Haven. Tiie ostensible object was to fonii mechanic societies through the State, and to 
have a general meeting at New Haven, to consult on measures for the bei-iefit of the craft. 
You will readily see that this is no other than a different name for democratic societies. 
Few but Deinoswere invited to the meeting. Ly accident it became public, and the more 
respectable mechanics attended »i voted tlie business down. . , . 

ni. — 

UAA.C Akiei, 

111. ni. 


Jr.SK.-'H S. W.M.D.+Jui"-.r. :< 

©CI-., i 

in. Sar 


ID. E. E 

^mJc^iu^ lit MaKV (JE^JLS rn. Samv^L Bueli. 

byisi ini7. by a 

I 4i>Y^>'>-^ i 

©OD. ftlolHiB StiBinolb 

Mary WoLci 


lllnliljeiD ©CD. nogci 

ni- Sabam Coi.1 

l3i-tiiByrjp \m 

+ r/n's ma'i im'inhi olhtr L/.i- 

i» loir 


1 prof. Gimon. H. n.. ; Jamea :abrol).im- 

3d MAltY(DEWOLK) LkR. 

m. Elizaulfh Gm 


Jnbot (El)atl(» John! 
S.. Sa.ah a. Lor.D 

; THEOPORt F. a. GCBIRLDE G 2. JwiiN Met 


I 501)11 CLiuac ! Na 

CSristuolti ii itCfii 

RV Col. CHAkLti 

;>UALK m. Ellem E. PkKKi> 

Ellinop Skaw 


"We have lately h,,(\ a Hood of jioliiical wickedness poured in upon us from \'ir"inia. 
liut I am perfectly confident thai. Connec' has too much sense c\: integrity to become the 
contemptible tool of democratic cunning-. 

"I am, Sir, your I'riend cvc, 

Klias Perkins." 

"New London, Jany 28''', iSoi. 
" Dear Sir, 

" Since it has been a:?ccrtained that no Federal Pn-sident been chosen, tliere siein; 
to be, so far as my of)ser\ation has exleiuled, an almost perfect apathy on the svdiie ■ o 
politics. The Deniocrats seem ii\ a stale of apprehension at their own succ(.-,-,s. Tlie\ 
dread the iilea of responsibility. Not having it in their power to grumble, it giver 
time tor those that iirn relied, and, ha\ing soniething to louse by a convulsion, to \ ie'>\' wiif 
alarm the dangers tliat may arise from the lerment whicli they have occa^ioned. The) 
dare not complcUn, but are wofully agitated lest Coii'^ Ihirr sluaild supplant tlieir tavorile 
Init it is replied by the old school that Jj, accon.ling to the most ;.])pro\ed rules of antli 
metic, is ecjual to 73; and tiiat, according to republican pnnci[;les, there is no w;i\- o 
ascertaining what is right an<l ..rong but by tiie xoles (.)f die i.'T'iVv/;;// J'i-,'/'/i-. 

"The mor,t I'ellecting part of our .State, and, I believe, all that would prefer a federa: 
President t(_i Mr. Jelfei'son, expect that the fecUu'al States will \'ote lor .Mr. Lurr. I am de- 
cidedb,- of that opiniun, and, atlmitling the Candidates to be ecpial in point of integri'y, 1 
believe that some very good reasons may be offered in l.ivour of .Mr. Purr which \\i!l nol 
apply to ]\Ir. Jellerson. 

".Mr. Ikirr is Irom a State wldch is under a very powerUd commercial inlhience ; his 
connexion and spe(adatioris ai'e subject to the same induenia.-. it is, I b< lie \e, an unde- 
niable fact, there i.-j very little lehcr.-^onian theory and lepublican laiialicism in eidi'_i ol 
the leading p.iriies of tlie State of New York. It is, 1 believe, wh(jlly a contention forjcwer 
that has induced certain Cliiefs to join the oiipo-^ititui. If Mr. liurr is supi)orted by the 
federalists, it may be an addiiional inducement for him to pursue lederal mea.-^ures, .md 
probably unhe the powerful State of New York in the New laigkind politics. I can not in 
conscience express :inv ia;;ret Mr. Adauis is not chosen— it would be an updnll busi- 
ness to Mippoii Ins .idnimi ai .Ui'in. 

" Whatevei ia)urse you shall t. ike, it will be presumed tluit you li.ive acled from the 
l)est motive, and .1 full and adeciuate iiua-sligation ol thi- subji-ci. This will doubties be 
the sentiment of Coniu cticut. We shall be .mxious to hear the event ; pray let us know 
as soon as it is determined. . . 

" I am, dear Sir, your friend tK: Humble Servant 

li. Perkins." 

" Philad. 3 Nov. iSoi. 
" My dear Sir, 

" P)Ut what have we to say hut to lament the dt)wnfall of federalism, and the 
triumph of democr.icv— a iriumpii more compleat than its most sanguine p.irti.sans dared 
to hope for. In this State more than ;"^^ of the lower house, and a great majority ol the 
Senate, are of the i'arty. Delaware has one of the same stamp for C.overnor, .oid Ph'um- 
field reigns in New Jersey. Our City Pllections were carried against us ijy a very small 
majority, and by a manoeuvre that we hope will nol again succeed. 

Vol. XI. -No. 4 -;;■.; 


•'Do you keep stedfast in tlie faith, or do you, like tlie k'astern inhal)itants of another 
region, worship the rising sun ? Tiie Hne of conduct which tlie president in liis answer to 
the Merchants of New Haven professes his intention to [)ursue, and the charactei- which he 
attaches to the Persons tiu-ned iJv to he turned out/* must, 1 should think, make con- 
siderable impression on the Public mind, and the Practice itself will have a most per- 
nicious effect. 

"We must wait for the next meeting of Congress, to be rnade accpiainted with the 
system intended to be [)ur--,ued ; a majority of both houses will support the present Admin- 
istration, and 1 cannot suppuse that the talents of our iederal ("icntlemen, hov,-e\-er exerted, 
can stem the torrent ; so that none (;f their schemes Avill be abandoned iruiu an appre- 
hension of their being rejicLed. Alter the next a|)portionment of the representaticjn, the 
Eastern States, unless firmly tmited, must lose their weight in the ballance. The 
great increase of population, altlio' a subject of great exultation to man\', ouglu, in my 
mind, to excite serious apprehensions — a new Interest will soon predominate, and will not 
that [iiterest clash with our own in some essential [)oints, and f)e indilterent to manv others 
wliicli we esteem of the greatest importance ? 

" \'ou see that, tho' no longer a [jublic servant, yet, like many other private Men, the 
weight of public affairs still lay hea\-y on my sh(julders, anrl that, iiot content willi bearing 
■ my share of present Evils, lam looking into futurii_\- for an addition to tlie burthen. 
. . . . " Sincerely Yours, 

"Rob. Walsh." 

"Norwich, 21 Eebv i£o2. 
" My dear Sir, 

. . . " I regret extremelv to find the Jtidiciary system destroyed, fearing and be- 
lieving it done with evident marks of contem[)t for the Cioveriiment of our country — this 
great barrier being removed, there is no restraint to the passions of the now governing 
characters in Congress ; and, when pui)Iick opinion, or rather the voice of the mob, be- 
comes the law of our country, anarchy >.\; conlusiuii niust follow; an<l I lielieve the sup- 
porters of that sentiment vill, at some future da)-, when too kite, mourn in bitterness 
the hour thev promoted it, to the destruction of order. I have mv fears that confusion is 
lasl lipcnim; to the sl.iic il was in in I'raiice, not iha! 1 i-xpcct ,i ( iuillotine, ])Ut a sepaiMtion 
ol the I'nion, a risin.^of servants against maslei's, iS. \'irginia begging aid of the Northern 

" ]5y reports of the debates, or ratlier the rapid passage of every favorite measure of 
the Virginia Interest, it appears there is no tise in our northern Iederal menibers rem.ain- 
ing there — would it not l)e as well for you all to return home, .and leave them to tlieinselves ? 
I think it prol)able some might feel the force of Mr. Morris'^ obserwation, an<l w.ant the 
protecting force of the Judiciary to save them ; it is said here that vour business in the 
House of Representatives is llnislied to your hands belbre it comes into the house, aiul 
without the knowdedge of about ', of its members — if so, tliai one third can onl_\- experience 
a mortihi'ation by being ])rL'sent at the passage of the Inisiness ; if thev ha.\'e loiiitudc 
enough to bear it, and to stand ready to delentl their own principles, much is due to 
them. . . . 

* Alluding to the removid of Elizur t.Ioodrich from the office of Collector of tiie I'orL of New 


"I believe it is well known to you that the French spoliations were more severely 
felt by the conuncrcial intercut of tliis town .\: vicinity, in |)roi)ortion to our mem- 
bers and capital, llian almost any town or place that i.-, within my knowled-e, except 
Alexandria; a -reat proportion of our traders have been l<naUy ruined, and others are 
crreat sutlerers/ We are now preparin-- a memorial to Con-ress, [ravin- conipensaliun 
for the claims we liad a-ainst tlie French Government, wiiicli tor some puri)Obe have been 
bartered Ijy our Government, and left us no oilier hope but in the justice of llie Covernment. 
Sliould justice be refused, I fear ruin will be attatched to many, and bye and bye the 
commercial interest will be less tenacious of their sacred re-ard to the revenue. . . . 
We hope for the best, IaU, if driven to a pointed enmity to the revenue-system, it appears 
to me they couUl as effectuaUy ruin it as the Vir<^;ima interest iiave ruined tlie Juchciary, 
not by a majoritv of only one, but by a unanimous vole. I feel a pride in th,e belief that 
our Connecticut Mendnu-s of both Houses know the true interest of their country, and tiiat 
it has a warm place in their hearts, which principle, united vilh their desire of justice, 

will secure tliem to us as atlvocates in this cause. . . . 

" Y' friend & serv*, 

"J. Howland. 
" Hon'''<= Roc;-er Griswold Esq.'' 

"Knoxville, Dec. 26<\ 1803. 

"Sir, , . 

" The Exertions you have made to stem the torrent of Democratic Delusion, and to 
support tlie constitution of our country against the insidious attacks of the Demago-ues 
who now rule, have induced me to address you on a subject which, it my opinions are 
correct, every Friend to the Constitution is interested in. 1 allude to the late re(piisition 
of the militia of this State by the General Government. Altho' we can not liere obtain the 
Documents relative to this business, yet I believe no doubt can exist but that tliey were 
called on to assist in taking possession of Louisiana. The re.piisition has subjected a num- 
ber of the People ol this Stale to -real inconvenience in hiring substitutes, an. la large pro- 
portion of those who have been dralted have been hned for retusing to muster in. I see 
,>o Lower -iven to the General hnernnient by the Constitution to re<,uire the services of 
the Mihtia'on such occasions, or to march them out of the United States ; and, believing that 
the measure was illegal, I was determined not to submit to it, and have been Imed 25 
Dolls as have also a\nimber of the Inhabitants of this County; tluV I do not regard 
the stim yet as I am unwilling to support the present Administration turther than my 
Duty as a riti/en rapiires, I feel an Liclination that this business should be examined into 
Ifyou are of opinion, with me, that the re-piisiti-.n was unconstitutional, I hope you viU 
endeavour to procure an investigation. If it has no other Fdlect, it will contribute to open 
the Eyes of the Leople of the Western Country, and discover what reliance can be p aced 
on the hypocritical professions of attachment to the Constitution which the ruling laity 
are and have been so much in the Habit of making. The signatures ot a large proportion 
of the i'eople can easily be obtained to a remonstrance, if necessary. rrustmg you xm 1 
excuse the Liberty I have taken, I remain with sentiments ol the Highest Esteem \. 


"Your ^.lostOb' Ser^', 

" Tho: I'.mmerson." 


" Hartford, 25 July, 1813. 
" My dear Sir, 

" I lelt home with an intention of visitinf^ the seaboard, nursu.'nt to an arran;^emcnt jiar- 
tially matle when I took my leave (jf you at this place. Not ha\inL;- learned whether ilie 
orders you issued to liie Major Cieii'. (in the coast were executetl, hearin- noihin;,; trom 
you or our friends who acconijianied you, and receivin;,;^ intellii^ence that a liritish tleel 
had come into our \\alers, 1 felt it a duty to visit the rei^ion in and about l.yiiu' :it least, 
for the purpose of ascertairnni;- the conditKjn and the feelin;^rs of the ^'"ood ])eO|)le in that 
quarter. Just as I was takin- my (b.-pariure, a letter ssar, received from the Secretary of 
War, in answer to the desjjatch 1 ioi'warded immediately on my return Irom the session of 
the coimcil. Copie;^ of both are enclosed. Of the .Secretary's letter I hhall say nolhin;,; -- it 
will s|)eak abundantly for itself. My letter to him followed very closely the reasoimit;, and 
indeed the lan;_;ua<;e, ol the council. 'I'heir result ha\-in^r nit-t your approbation, 1 did not 
feel m)sell' at liherty to dep.iit e^^cntiall)' Irom it. \'ou will pereeivc, mv dear Sir, the 
e\ide'nt ])ropriet)' the re|)ly to the Secretary should, if possible, proeeed from \Liur 
hand. y\side Irom this consideration whicdi is in some de;4ree jxr^onal, a new que.-,tion 
arises out of the dcclai-aiioii ot the President ' that the United States are in immuient 
danger of invasion,' and one ])erhaps which the council diti not particularly consider. 
Altho' ihere is no dillicuhy in resi.-^tinj^^ this renewed requisition, on tlie i^round that our 
seconfj objeciion remains in full force, still I see not but the (juestioii alxjve mentioned 
must be met. 

".Mr. iJwight has just returned, and informs me you are on your way to Connecticut. 
I des])atch an express, not for the- purpose uf hastening,'- your jminie)-, which for the sake 
ot )-our health I be;.^ you not to do, but to learn your wishes as to the course to be pur- 
suetl. Shall the council be convened .'' 'I'his measure I had resolved to take b)' the advice 
ol our Iriends here, and should have issued letters Diissivt: 011 Ab)iiday, il lUj intelli;.;eiu'e 
liad been received from you. 

" Whatever direction-, you niay please to forward ihall be scrujiulously obeyed. . . . 

" I am, my dear Sir, in haste, but most sincerely Ci: affectionately yours, 

" J. C. Smith. 
" IIi> 1 Aeelleiicy OiiNcrnor ( ".risw old." 

The forc'ooino- letter from T.ietit.-G()v. John Cotton Smith is a vahialjle 
missing link in the correspondence between State-am liorit ies and the (ieii- 
cral (iovernment, on the snbjcct of Secretary of W'ar dearborn's lecim'si- 
lion for troo[)s of the militia of C"omiectictit, to be ordered into tlie service 
of the United States, on the breakin;^ out of tlie War of 1812. It docs 
not appear amon^^ the letters and other documents, n^latint^ to this stdj- 
ject, ptiblished hy Dwii^ht in his History of the Hartford Convention. 
lUtt more important and interesting", in the same connection, is the follow- 
ing draft of a letter \vritten by Ciov. Griswold, on the 4th of Aug., i<Si2, to 
Secretary Dearborn, wdiich, it is believed, has never appeared in print, ; nd 
was, perhaps, never sent. Ik-ing found among the famil\'-]);ipers, it is juit 
on record here as an additional tribtite to his memory. The date of the 
letter is the same as that of the meeting of the General AssembU' of Con- 



necticut, fully referred to by I)\viL,fht, in which Gov. Griswold's conduct in 
this affair was entirely approved. ■•" 

" Il.irtlnnI, Au-. 4"', 1S12. 

" His Honour ("'.o\'. Smith lias jnit into my liands your It-tter of the 14"'' of luly. and it is 
with sur|)ri.sf 1 notice the construction you have- put on my letter ol the 17"' of |une. 'I'lie 
iniusual and exceptionable ternib, also, in winch \our letter is expressed, lia\'e not escaped 
notice ; I shall not, however, descend to any comment iqxjn its particular expressions, luit 
perlorm my duly to tile (icneral (Jov'nt in ;4i\'iii^' tile explanation which appejr.^ ])roper. 

'• When you communicated the retpiest oi tiie I'residriit, that any hiture ri<piisition Iroin 
Gener<d ])earborii lor a part ol' the drafted militia miyht he complied with, it was uncer- 
tain whether such requirement would he made, or. if made, under what circumstances it 
niiydil take plac e. Coiitideiit, howe\'er, that the I'resideiit would authorize no re(|uisition 
whi(d) was not strictly const iiulioiial, and particularly that the order would not exceed tlie 
toiKlilions ol the Act ol the lu"' ol April lo \\hich )ou referred, Melt no liesitalion 
in j^ivini;- a general assurance that such retpiisition as the President mi;^h.t make tliroUL;!i Cit.-ii- 
eral Dearhorii would Ik; complied with. I tlieii thout;ht, as I do still, that decency and a 
due respect to tlie lirst Magistrate of the Union, recpiired that my assurance should he 
general, and that no expression should he used which carried witli it a suspicion that tlie 
Tresident might transgress tlie Constitution in the direction lie migiit give. 1 also expected 
that this early and general assurance wiHiKl be consi(K;red as evidence of a disposition 
which has been unilorml)' felt in this State to execute e\ery constitutional recpiisition from 
the general gov'nt. In wli:',te\er liglit, liowe\er, my expressions may li.i\e lieen x'iiAcd, 
I trust 1 sliall be now understood, when I assure you that I ditl not intend, or expect 
to be understood, by the language of my letter, or any expres-^ion it containeil. to 
engage that I wouKl execute any order which I thought, on consideration, to be re|nig- 
iiant to the Constitution, from whatever authority it might em.anate. The light in which I 
have viewed the re(iuisition now made through (Jeiieral I)!iorn, has lieeii already C(jm- 
mnnicated by Cov. Smith ; and it is only pro])er to add that my opinion of its uncousti- 
tutionalit\' remains unchanged, ami is happily confirmed by the un.inimous opinion of the 
Comu il of ihi-. Stale. 

"The lie,,- light in wdiich vou have presented tlie subject in your letter to ('.ov. Smith 
has received every attention, but caniKJl, in my Judgment, change tiie opinion already 
formed. The war which has commenced, .nid the crui-^ing ol a liostile Heel on our coa.-)t, 
is not invasion, and the of the President, that there is iinmment danger of 
invasion, is e\'idently a coiisecpience drawn from the lads now disclosed, ami, I am v(,m- 
pellecl to say, is not, in my opinion, warranted liy those facts. If such conse(pieiu-e were 
admitted to result from a state of war, and from the facts now mentioned, and which 
always must attend a war with an r'uro])eaii iiower, it wa)uld follow that e\'ery war of 
that character would throw the militia into the hands of the National C.o\'nl, and strip the 
St.ites of the important right reserved to them. I'ait it is proper for me further to observe 
that I have found dilliculty in fixing m my own mind the meaning ol the words iniuiiiioit 
ihiii'^cr of invasion, used by Congress in the .Act of the 2Stli of Feb>' 1805, and now repeated 
in your letter, as no such expression is contained in that part of the Constitution which author- 

* See History of the Hartford Convention . . . liy Theodore Dwight . . . New York >^ Bos- 
ton, 1S33, pp. 237-67. 


ixes the President to call the militia into service. Presuminf;;-, however, that some definite 
nieaiiinj4, thoui^lit consistent witii \hc Constitution, was at the time annexed to the expres- 
sion, I have rather interred that the Lei^islature must have intended oidy to includ.e an 
extreme case, when an enemy had not [lassed the line of the Slate, hut was e\-ident!y 
atlvancinjj^ in force to invade our country. Such a case would undoubtedly come within 
the spirit of the Constituliun, althuuyh it mit^ht not Ije included in its literal expression. 
Put wliether the Coni^ress ot 1805 wasjuhtilied in the expression, or not, is unimportant, 
tliere beini^no dirficulty in the ])resent case, as none oi the facts dischjsed permit aiiything 
mnre than sliL;ht ami remote (.lanj^er of invasion, which tlie Constitution could not contem- 
plate, and which might exist even in time of peace. 

"Whilst I re;gret this dilference of o[iinion, upon a cjuestion of serious importance, T 
cannot doulit that the President will perct:ive that a sense of duty leaves no othier course 
to i)ursue, and that the general government will speedily provide the troops deemed nec- 
essary for the defence of the coast of this State. 

" I have the honour to he, i.K;c." 

" Camliridye, 3 Sept., j8i2. 
" Dear Sir, 

" It is with g-reat concern that we find your health so much impaired, especially at this 
perilous crisis. We do hope, however, that your lon;^- journey and the mineral waters, 
with the blessing- of [leaven, will restore it. Could your P.xcellency visit Posion during 
the auUimn, would not the journey be salutary to y(nir^elf and to our sicklv CiMnm(.)n- 
weallh ? I am sure it W(3uld gi\-L- the higiiest pleasure to our statesmen in I'.osion, and 
have no doubt it wouKl be of good political ellect. Should you do us this honour, any 
attentions v\ nune that might contrd)ute towards, the obiects of xuur vi-^it would be at 
your comniand ; lor, while vour [lublic services entitle you to such attentions from everv 
citizen, tliey are peculiarly due to you from one who cherishes a very grateful sense of 
your early patronage, and who is, 

" With great respect S; regard, 

" Vour Excellency's humble servant 

■•A. Holmes. 
" His I^xcellencv Ciov. Criswokl." 

Ycai's before this, iii the midst of Air. GriswoUl's q-reatest actix'ity, a 
disease of the heart had stiddeiily manifested itself ; but, thotiL^li lie A\-as 
tltenceforth lK)[)eless of ctire, liis activit}' never ceased. The letter last 
quoted — written l.)y Ixev. Dr. Abiel Holmes, autlior of " American Annals," 
and father of our poet Oliver Wendell Ifolmes, is only one of man\' ]:)roofs of 
a really tender solicitttde manifested l)y the ptiblicas Mr. Griswold's health 
failed more and more. When death had come, a little over a montii after 
the date of this letter, the common admiration and mournin;j;' fotmd ex- 
pression upon his tombstone, in the burlal-i^rotmd of the family overlook- 
ing l^lackhall River, in an epita[)h by which it is still echoed, and will be 
transmitted to later generations : 

"This monument is erected to the memory of his Excellency Roger Griswold, LL.D., 


late Governour of this State. He was born at Lyme, I\Liy 251I1, 1762 ; and died at Norwich, 
Uct. 25tli, 1812. 

" He was the son of his Excellency Matthew C/riswold, whio had been Chief Justice of 
the Su]/ Court. His mother was tlaughter of l\0L;cr Wolcott, Ks(|., of Windsor, \\ ho was 
for many years CiOVcrnour of this Stale. 

"(iov. (iriswold i^raduated at Yale College in 17S0, and in 1785 entered ujioii the pro- 
fession of law. At the age of 34 he elected into the Congress of the Unitctl States, in 
1807 he was appointed a Judge ot the .Su])'' Court, in 1809 Lieut. Covernour, and in iHii 
was elected Covernoin- ; upon all these eminent stations he conl'erred dignity and honour, 

" Not less conspicuous by honorahle parentage ami elevated rank in sociels' than Ijy 
personal meiit, talents and virtue. 

" J If was respected at the LHiiversity as an elegant aiid classical scholar; (p;ick dis- 
cernment, sound reasoning, legal science and manly elocjuence raised him to the fu'.-^t emi- 
nence at the bar. 

" Distinguished in the National Councils airiong the illustrious Statesmen of the age. 
Revered for his indexible integrity ami pre-eminent talents, his i)olitical course was higldy 

" Hish'iends viewed him with virtuous pride. His native State with honest triumph. 
His fame and lionors were the just rewards ot noble actions, ami of a life devoted to his 

"lie was endeared to his family by fidelity and affection, to his neighbours by frankness 
and l)ene\'olence. His memory is embalmed in the hearts of surviving rel,iti\es, and of a 
grateful peO[)le. 

" When this monument shall have decayetl, his name shall be enrolled v/ilh honor 
among the great, the wise and the good." 

Governor Roger Griswokl married, Oct. 27, 1788, Fanny datightcr of 
Col. Zabdiel Rogers, a prominent Revolutionary patriot and officer, of Nor- 
wich, Conn., by his first wife, FJizabeth Trac)', descended from Mabel 
lakenden, \\'hose ancestr3%as is well knmvn, has been traced back, through 
several I'.n-iish sovereigns, to Alfred the Great and Charlemagne." ?vlrs. 
Roger Gris\>'c^ld snrvi\'ed lier husband, and died Dec. 26th, 1S03, at the age 
of ninet}'-six years. Their children were : 

(i.) Au^i^iistus Jlcnry (b. 1789); a shipmaster; who married FJizabeth 
daughter of Thomas Lansdale of lV)xhill, Co. Sussex, hnvgland, and liad 
by her two sons and a daughter. He was a man of brilliant natural parts, 
inheriting much of his father's genius. His eldest son is Roger Griswokl, 
now of Lyme, who married Julia A. daughter of Joshua Wells of East 
Windsor, Conn., and has two sons and a daughter. 

(2.) Charles ih. 1791); graduated at Yale College in 1S08; a lawyer, but 
commonly distinguished as Col. Charles Griswokl; Deacon of the hirst 
Church of Lyme from 1829; and a man active in all religious and other 

* Walworth's Hyde Geneal., ut supra, ii. 1 161-79, Appendices A e\; B. 


public enterprises. The present Congregational clnirch-edificc at Lyme, 
built in 1817, indirectly after a model existing in London, is a monument to 
his taste and public spirit. He married Ellen Elizabeth daughter of Judge 
Elias Perkins of NewLondon, Conn., by his wife, Lucretia Sha\v^^'oodbridge, 
and had several children. A (laughter, h^ann)' Rogers, married: 1st. Shubal 
¥. Bartlett C)f luist Windsor. Conn., and, 2d. Daniel Lartlett, a t)rothcr of 
her first husband ; and is now lix'ing at EastWindsor : a son of hers is Charles 
Griswold liartlett, now the I'rincipal of a very successful family-school f(M- 
boys at Lyme. Two of the sons of Col. Charles (iriswold are James Cris- 
wold, ICs(j., graduated at \'ale College in 1.S48, a law}'cr of L}'me ; and 
Charles llenr)', a farmer of the same place, whose wife, Eva Morlcy, by 
birth is a descendant of Rev. S)'lvanus Griswold of the fourth generation of 
our Criswold family of NewlMigland, above mentioned (see p. 149). Another 
in was John, graduated at Yale College in 1857, a gallant Captain of X'^ol- 
unteers in the late ci\-il war, kilT'd in the battle of iVntietam. 

(3.) J/ri/f/u-zc (b. 1792) ; who married Phrx^be Hubbard daughter of Col. 
Seth El_\', and settled as a farmer on the ancestral estate of Blackhall, in a 
house built by his father; Avhere he lived to his eighty-eighth N'cai', d\'ing 
in 1880; and left his widow with several unmarried daughters. To these 
ladies I am chiefly indebted for the loan of family-i)apers used in this me- 
morial. His only son, Matthew, is now of I'Lrie, Pa., and has five sons, by 
two marriages. One daughter, L\'dia Maria, married John C. .Selden of 
I\,rie, Pa. ; and anotlier, I'^inny Rogers, niarried Horace S. El)' of New 
York City. 

(4.) luuDiccs Ami (b. 1705'); who married her first cousin, Judge Eben- 
ezer Lane (see bel<nv),of Sandusk}-, Ohio, graduated at Harvard College in 
1811. made LL.l). theie in lS8t\ Cliief Justice oi tin- Supieme Court of 
C)hio, .1 leai lu-d law ) er ant.! ; and had a son, Willi, nn (iriswoM Lane, 
the accomplished and anu'able Judge of the Court of 'Jommon l-'leas for the 
P'ourth Judicial District of ()hio, who was born in 1.S24, graduated at Yale 
College in 1843, and tlied in 1S77. William Criswold Lane mai'i'ii.d his 
cousin Elizabeth Diodate Griswold, a descendant of our first Matthew Gris- 
wold, on her father's side, through a brother of her husband's grandfather, 
Gov. Roger Griswold (see belo\\'\ and, on her mother's side, through Rev. 
(jcorge Griswold of Giant's Xeck (see p. 149). 

(5.) l\Oi:^ir Wolcott (b. 1797); graduated at Yale College in 1818; a 
lawxx'r; who married his cousin Juliet, daughter of Thomas C^riswold, niece 
of the New \'ork merchants Nathaniel Lynde and George (iriswold .ibo\'e 
mentioned; settled at Ashtabula, Ohio; had sons and daughters; and died 
in 1878. 



(6.) Eliza Wofldbridgc {h. 1799) ; who married Charles Leicester Boalt of 
Norwalk, Ohio, a lawyer of high position ; had several sons and two daugh- 
ters ; and died in 1878. One of the sons was John Henry, Judge of Com- 
mon rieas in Nevada, now of San Francisco, Cal. One of the daughters, 
Frances Griswold Lane, is now the wife of Jay Osborne Moss, a wealthy 
financier of Sandusky, Ohio. 

(7.) Marian (b. 1801); who married Thomas Shaw Perkins, a lawyer, 
son of Judge Llias Perkins of New London, Conn. ; and had eleven chil- 
dren. A daughter, Cornelia Leonard, was the wife of David Hubbard 
Nevins of New York, late of Waterford, Conn. Roger Griswold, one of 
Mrs. Perkins's sons, was a physician of New York, and afterwards lived on 
a plantation near Columbia, S. C, belonging to the family of his wife, a 
Perkins cousin of his. She survived him, without children, and is 1 -vu 
living on an ancestral estate of her own in South Carolina. Another son ' 
of Mrs. Perkins is Gen. Joseph Griswold Perkins of Lyme, brevetted as 
General for services in the late civil war, whose wife is of Griswold descent 
through the Giant's Neck branch (see pp. 149-50). A third son is Professor 
Maurice Perkins, professor of chemistry in Union College. The only 
surviving daughter is Lucretia Shaw Woodbridge, a lady of unusual acquisi- 
tions and varied accomplishments, which she has applied in private teaching. 

(8.) William Frederick (b. 1804); a captain in the China trade; who 
married Sarah daughter of William Noyes of L}'me ; had two sons and 
two daughters ; and died in 1851. He improved the leisure of his long 
voyages for much study and reading, by which he became a man of high 

(/).') Robert Harper (b. 1806); a shipmaster; who married Helen 
dauLjiler ol l-'.dwaixl l'()\\crs of Cuiilfe»rd. C'onn., b\' whom lie had three 
daughters and one son, the latter not now living. He was a fa\-orite com- 
mander of packet-ships of the John Griswold Line, sailing between New 
York and London, a man of much reading, and, in his prime, of elegant 
manners and great personal beauty. He died in Lyme in 1882. after years 
of lingering infirmity and pain. His daughters, with their mother, now 
conduct a family-school for young ladies in their father's fine old house in 
Lyme, devoted more especiall,- to instruction in the elegant branches, in 
which they are proficient. 

(10.) James, who died in infancy. 

We now return to follow out the succession of the children of Gov. 
Matthew and Ursula (Wolcott) Griswold: 
4. Ursula, b. 1744; who died an infant. 


5. HaitnaJi, b. 1746; wlio died in childhood. 

6. iMirrian, born Apr. 17, 1750 ; a very handsome woman; who married, 
first, Sep. 29, 1769, Charles Church Chandler of Woodstock. Conn., an 
eminent lawyer, '• frequently a .member of tlie State Le^'islature. and was 
elected to the Continental Congress " '"' — who died in 17.S7— b\' whom she 
had several children. One of lier daughters by this first marriage, Mary 
Ann, married James Lanman of Norwich, Conn., United States Senator 
and Judge of the Supreme Court of Connecticut, and had, with many other 
children, Joanna ]k)ylston, who was the first wife of the late Hon. Lafay- 
ette Sabin h^oster of Norwicli, at one time acting Vice-President of the 
United States. ]\Inrian (Griswold) Chandler married, secondl)-, Ca[itain 
Ebenczer Lane of Northampton, Mass., and had by him one child, Judge 
Ebenezer Lane (b. 1793), above mentioned. After the death of Ca[)t. 
Lane in iSoS, his widow married, thirdly, Justin Ely Esq. of West Spring- 
field, Mass., whom she survived, without children by him, and herself died 
June 17, 1829. An obituary of Mrs. ALarian (Griswold) Chandler-Lane- 
Ely, published at the time of her death, says of her: 

" She was a woman of stronj; and vij^orous inteUectual powers. The earlier part of 
her lile had been spent at a time when female education was considered (comparatively 
speakinj^) as (jl little or no consecpience : of course, her adv.uUa;4es lor mental imp|-ovement 
were not like those enjoyed by younj; ladies of the present day. W\., by the judicinus in- 
structions of an estimable mother, subsecpient readin^^ and an e\tensi\e o])ser\ation of 
men anil things, combined with a \-ery retentive memory, her mind had been stored with 
such a hind of general iidbrmation as rendered her not only a \-ery ai^reeable, Init a \ery 
useiul companii)!!— one whose society was courted by people of all aL;es. Remark, dily 
acti\e in her habits, and a j^reat economist of time, she was e\-er, duriii-- the successive 
years ot a jirotracted life, dili-eiUly em|)loyeil in something' to benefit herself or others, re- 
i^.iidim; it .IS ,m impeiMUNc duly to cnn.sccr.Ue e\ery moment, .iiul e\fiy ficulty -lie pos- 
sessed, to some usehi'. emiiloyment. Juititled by birtli .ind familv-conneciions (numberin;; 
amoni; her nearest relatives hve (".overiiors, and many men of acknowded-ed talents, oc- 
cupying- the lii-hest offices in the State) to an elevated rank in society, and placed 1-y three 
successive m;irria;^w'S in a commandin.L; sphere in life, she never cherished any of those 
contracted feelin;j;-3 of self-importance which too often characteri/e jieople of wedtli and 
inlluence ; but ever held up the idea and acted upon the principle, that intrinsic personal 
merit was all that could entitle a person to respect and esteem ; aiul under the iiitlueiice 
of this principle her affable and conciliatini;- manners endeared her to all classes of her 
lellow-creatures with wliom she was in any det;ree connected. She had lived throu-h a 
long- period of time, ami been deejily interested in many eventful scenes, but amid them 
all had been heard to exclaim, ' It is the Lord, let Him tlo as seemeth Him good.' . . . We 
trust that she died in the faith of the Gospel. . . . "f 

* Hyde ("icncalo^'y, lit su|)ra, ii. 8(j2. 

f For further notices uf Mrs. Marian (C.riswold) Ch.andier-Lane-Ely, and of her several luis- 
bands, see Tlie Chandler Family. . . collected by Ccorge CJiandler . . . Worcester, 1 88";, pp. 
131, 279-S2. In this book it is said tliat, " when first asked to iK-come Mrs. Ely, her grief and 
surprise were manifested in her reply : ' Oh ! I can't think of burying another husband ' " ! 


7. Ursula, born Apr. 13, T754, wlio inherited the Wolcott beauty ; mar- 
ried, Nov. 22, 1777, lier cousin Lynde McCurdy of Norwicli, Conn.; had 
two sons and one daughter; and died Nov. 27, 1781. l-'rom her descends 
Hon. John W. Allen of Cleveland, Ohio (her grandson), formerly State 
Senator and Member of Congress, whose sister Ursula McCurdy is the 
widow of the late Judge Sherlock J. Andrews of Cleveland, 

John, the eldest child of Gov. ^Matthew and Ursula (Wolcott) Griswokh 
was born April 20, 1752; was deacon of the l^'irst Church of Lyme from 
1797; married Nov. 5, 1772, Sarah daughter of Rev. Stephen Johnson of 
Lyme, by Elizabeth daughter of William Diodate of New Haven, Conn. 
(of the ancient and highly distinguished Diodati family of Lucca in 
Italy)." He was offered public offices of distinction, but preferred to 
remain in private fife; and died Nov. 22, 1S12. Their epitaphs in the 
Duck River Burying-Ground at Lj^me are as folloAws: 

" Deucon John Griswold was l:)orn at Lyme the 20th day of April, 1752, and died on 
the 22d i!ay of November, 1S12. He was the eldest son of the hr.-it (jovcriiur Griswold, 
and ]>roUier of the second. As a friend & neit;'hbor lie was hos|(ilahle and ;^eneroiis, hon- 
est and honorable as a nian, and in his faith and life exemplary as a Christian. To tell 
those who knew him the place where he was buried, and to offer his character lor imita- 
tion to those wdio knew him not, this stone to his memory is erected." 

"Sacred to the memory of Mrs. Sarah Griswold, the amiable consort of Deacon John 
Griswold, who died Jany 4th, 1S02, ag-ed 53 )ears, 10 mos. and 26 days. 

"Slrep on dear friend till the last mmm shall come, 
W'iien GliriNt .^h.dl svnnmon .dl his children home. 
Then may we meet in realms of j(jy above, 
And join in bonds of everlastijij^^ lo\'e." 

A funeral sermon preached on the death of Airs. Sarah (Johnson) 
Griswold, by Rev. William Lyman of lutst Idaddam, Conn., says : "She 
was a pattern of humility, gentleness, patience, tenderness and alfection." 

Their children were: 

(i.) Diodate jfo/iiisoii, born Dec. 16, 1773 ; graduated at Vale College in 
1793 ; Avho married Sarah daughter of l^enjamin Colt of Hadley, I\Iass. ; 
and died Mar. 17, 1850, s. p. 

* See Mr. William I'ioilate (of New Haven from 1717 to 1751) and liis Italian Ancestry, in 
New Enid. Hist, and Gcneal. ]\cyibter. liuston, iS;i, .\x.\v. 167-bl. 


(2.) Ursula (sec below); 

(3.) Elizabctli, born Oct. 15, 177S; who married, Alar. 28, 1802, Jacob 
l^arker Gurley of New London, Conn., graduated at Darmouth Collci^e in 
(793, a lawyer ; and died, a widow, June 22, 1857, having had ten children, 
all of whom except one she survived. 

" She bore her great griefs with an almost stoical composure, and to 
her last days met her friends with a calm and cheerful mien." 

(4.) SaraJi, born Aug. 12, 1781 ; who married, Mar. 4, 1 803, John Lyon 
Gardiner, Lsq., the seventh proprietor of the Ahmor of Gardiner's Lland, 
N. Y., by whom she had five children ; and died h'eb. 10, 1863. One of her 
children, Sarah Diodate, is now the widow of the late David Thompson of 
New A'ork, whose daughter Sarah Gardiner is the wife of Davitl L. (}ar- 
diner of New ILaven, Conn. Her eldest son Daxid J. was the last 
proprietor who received the island by entail; he was succeeded by his 
brother, John Griswold Ciardiner; and he by his brother the late Samuel 
J3uell Gardiner, the tenth proprietor of the manor. 

" Airs. Gardiner was a lady of much strength of mind and dignity of char- 
acter. Luring a long widowhood she had the management of a large 
estate, and administered its hospitalities as a true ' lady of the manor.' " 

(5.) John, born Aug. 14, 1783 ; an affluent shipping merchant of New ^'ork, 
head of the famous old line of London packet-ships which bore his name; 
who married, first, ALay 16, 18 14, Llizabeth Alary daughter of General Zach- 
ariah Ihmtington of Norwich, Conn. ; and secondly, in 1826, L(Hiisa Wilson 
of Newark, N. J., an Lnglish lady (who survived him) ; and died Aug. 4, 
1856, s. p. 

Li memory of Airs. Elizabeth Alary (lUnUington) Griswold the follow- 
ing line.s w ere w 1 itt<. n b)- Air-. Sigourney : 

" Slu; was as a rose 
Gathered in loveliness 'mid perfiimed llowers, 
And warhlini^ birds of love, yet droojMnL;' still 
]"or the pure brc ith of that celestial elinii.' 
AVhere suminer halh no cloud. She with tirin hand 
(Grasped the stroii;^^ hope of everlasting;- life, 
And then, in trend)linL;- yet confidin;^- trust, 
Did dare the waves wf Death's tcnipestuiuis tlood."* 

(6.) Mary Ann, born Feb. 25, 1786; who married, Nov. 6, 1809, Levi II. 
Clark of Aliddletown, Conn., a lawyer; and died Jan. 31, 1812. Airs. Eliz- 
abeth Brainard (Clark) White, wife of Bushnell White F.sq. of Cleveland, 
Ohio, is her daughter. 

* Hyde Genealogy, ut supra, ii. 8S5. 


(7.) Charles Ciiandlcr, born Nov. 9, 1787; who married, July 10, 1822, 
his cousin Elizabeth dauL,ditcr of Thomas Griswold of the Giant's Neck 
branch (see above), by whom he had, v/ith other children, Elizabeth Dio- 
date, who married Jud<;e William Griswold Lane, and Sarah Johnson, who 
married Lorillard Spencer (see p. 150}; and died Jan. 27, 1869, leaving a 
widow who still survives in Lyme. 

Ursula, second child and eldest daughter of Deacon John and Sarah 
(Johnson) Griswold, was born Dec. 2, 1775; married, Sept. 10, 1794, her 
third cousin Richard AlcCurdy; and died ALay 25, ]8[i. 

" Mrs. McCurdy was of a warm and enthusiastic nature, and perhaps 
the Italian (Diodati) blood in the family-veins most fully ex|:)ressed itself 
in her. She was affectionate, overflowing with kind W()rds and deeds, 
devoted to her liusband and children, and above all a de\'out Christian, 
leaving behind her, on her death at the early age of thirty-five, many relig- 
ious writings." 

Rev. V. W. Hotchkiss of Saybrook, Conn., said of her, in a funeral ser- 
mon : "As a daughter, sister, mother and wife she was a worthy descend- 
ant of an illustrious line of ancestors, and justly viewed as a woman of 
exalted spirit. . . ." 

One of their children is Judge Charles Johnson AlcCurdy of'Lyme^ 
who, having sei'ved his countr)' in varicuis conspicuous and important 
positions^ at home, and as representative of the United States in Austria, 
retired from the bench of the Supreme Court of Connecticut in 18(37, on 
reaching the constitutional limit of age; but still retains much of the 
>pri;;hllnie>sand \igtM- of youth ful >'ear^, to the deli-Jit and pn.fUof all who 
come into the sunn\' atmosphere of his societ)'. llis onl\' child, I'A-el_\-n, is 
the wife of the author of this paper. Another child of Richard and Ursula 
(Griswold) AlcCurdy was the late Robert 1 lenry McCurdy of New York, 
a leading merchant and public-spirited citizen, one of the first and most 
influential movers in support of the Government in the lute war; whose 
eldest son is Theodore Frelinghuysen McCurd)' of Norwich, Conn., and 
second son, Richard Aldrich McCurdy, Vice-]'resident of the Mutual Life 
Insurance Company of New York. Mr. Robert Henry McCurdy had three 
daughters : the eldest of M'hom, Gertrude Mercer, is the wife of 1 L)n. Gardi- 
ner Greene Hubbard of Wasliington, D. C, and mother of Mrs. Alexander 
Graham Bell; and the two others, Sarah Lord and Roberta Wolcott, are 
married, respectively, to Dr. Elias Joseph Marsh of I'aterson, N. J., and 
Charles Mercer Marsh Esq. of New York. The fifth son of Richard and 



Ursula (Griswokl) AlcCurdy is Alexander Lyndc IMcCurd)-, now living, ^vith 
two dauy;hters, in Santa Barbara, California. The younc;est child of the Gris- 
Avold-McCurdy marriage was the late Mrs. Sarah Ann, ^vidow of Stephen 
Johnson Lord of Lyme. She was admired in her )'onth for her great 
beauty, and in later years for the refinement, dignity and symmetry of 
her character. Two sons, now of Kansas City, Mo., sur\'i\'e her; and a 
daughter, the wife of Dr. Edward Dorr Griffin of Lyme, who is himself, 
also, a Griswokl by descent, through the eminent lawyer George Griffin of 
New York, above mentioned. 

Here the writer finishes his sketch of the history of the descendants of 
the first ]\Litthcw Griswokl, covering a period of nearly tw(j hundred and 
fifty years. They have not been very numerous, and there ha\'e ne\-er 
been many sons of the name. It is the record of a family that has been 
unusually free from the vicissitudes which are so apt, in the course of many 
generations of a family, to occur to lower the social standing of some 
of its persons or branches. It has numbered among its members by 
blood and marriage, as we have seen, many individuals of di^tinction, 
while, with onh' ver\' few exceptions, all have been highly respectable in 
position and worthy in character. 




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JAN . ,S 


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