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Groton Avery Clan 

Vol. I. 











Groton Avery Clan 

Elroy McKendree Avery 


Catharine Hitchcock (Tilden) Avery 

(No. 3112) 

Vol. I. 

'Honor thy Jather ond thy mother ' 

' 1  > 

9 } 



vdI. I 

"I am one of those who hold to the safety 
which flows from honest ancestors and the 
purity of blood." — Henry Clay. 

"A people which takes no pride in the noble 
achievements of remote ancestors will never 
achieve anything to be remembered with pride 
by remote descendants." — Lord Macaulay. 

"These sought their register among those 
that were reckoned by genealogy, but it was 
not found; therefore were they, as polluted, put 
from the priesthood." — Nehemiah, vii, 64- 

K 41 

• ' « • ' ; ' * c " 

I dedicate these volumes to the memory of 


who was born into the Dedham Avery Clan, who married into 
the Groton Avery Clan, and who did more than her share in the 
preparation of these records. E. M. A. 

Cleveland, 1912. 

iv Introductory 


Introductory : Dedication, Preface, Explanatory. 

I. The Avery Family in France and England 1 

II. Avery Coats of Arms 21 

III. American Avery Clans 24 

IV. The First Generation 27 

V. The Second Generation 43 

VI. The Third Generation 79 

VII. The Fourth Generation 116 

VIII. The Fifth Generation 159 

IX. The Sixth Generation 240 

X. The Seventh Generation 372 

XI. The Eighth Generation 630 

XII. The Ninth Generation 991 

XIII. The Tenth Generation 1309 

XIV. The Eleventh Generation 1424 

Appendix 1432 

Index 1465 



In 1881, John Denison Baldwin and the Rev. William Clift 
published A Record of the Descendants of Capt. George Denison 
of Stonington, Connecticut, the culmination of labors begun 
many years before. Meantime, Mr. Clift, whose mother was 
Nanc}'" Avery (No. 1257), had been collecting material relating 
to the genealogy of the Averys of Groton, as stated on page 530 
of this volume. This material he turned over to Mr. Homer 
D. L. Sweet, whose mother was Candace" Avery (No, 1583). 
For thirty years, Mr. Sweet was engaged in the compilation of 
The Averys of Groton; on the eve of its publication in 1894, he 
died. The first twenty-six pages of that work were written by 
me and bear my signature. On the fourth page of the preface, 
appears this statement : "More than to any other person except 
Mr. Sweet, the existence of this book is due to Dr. Elroy M. 
Avery, of Cleveland, Ohio, who assisted materially in its design 
and character with both pen and purse." Similar credit was 
given by Mr. Sweet on pages 484, 485, and 502 of his work. For 
Mr. Sweet's patient and persistent labors, the members of the 
Groton Avery clan are under lasting obligation. 

For various reasons, there was soon a desire for a revision 
of the family history and, with rare unanimity, the interested 
members of the clan were willing to have me undertake the 
work. In short, no one else seemed willing to take up a task 
that necessarily involved much labor without any possibility of 
pecuniary remuneration. Mr. Sweet's executor sent me all of 
his genealogical material, much of which was unused, and gradu- 
ally my wife and I slid under the big load. Blanks and circulars 
were printed and distributed as widely as possible among the 
descendants of Christopher^ Avery. For several years, a quar- 
terly magazine, The Avery Notes and Queries, was printed and 
sent to every living member of the clan whose post-office address 
was known to the editors. 

vi Introductory 

In addition to this systematic work and a very extensive 
correspondence, repeated pilgrimages were made by Mrs. Avery 
and myself to Connecticut, Massachusetts, and New York, where 
town, church, probate, and other records, vital statistics, town 
histories, old burying-grounds, published histories of other fami- 
lies, etc., etc., were studiously searched. The greater part of 
this work was performed by Mrs. Avery; as an expert genealo- 
gist, she was decidedly my superior. Her familiarity with New 
England local and family history was unequalled by that of any 
other person that I ever knew. After the printing of our family 
record (No. 3112), she suddenly died on the morning of Decem- 
ber 22, 1911. 

While this search was going on, the editors were fortunate 
in finding the manuscript genealogy of the Rev. David Avery, 
the first historian of the Groton Avery clan, as stated on page 
331 of this volume. Mr. Clift and Mr. Sweet had no opportunity 
to examine this manuscript which has solved many genealogical 
problems and pointed the way to much valuable information. 

This present edition is based upon the work prepared by 
Mr. Sweet, amplified and corrected according to the best of 
our ability. From the necessities of the case, the record as 
printed by him has been accepted by us as correct except in the 
cases where we found contradictory evidence that seemed con- 
clusive. Still the variations from his work doubtless number 
several thousand. Most of these variations fall into one of two 
classes — additions or eliminations. Concerning additions, no ex- 
planation is necessary; they have come from almost countless 
sources. Concerning eliminations, a more careful explanation 
seems proper. 

The present editors gradually came to the conclusion that 
Mr. Sweet, with a natural desire to enroll in the Groton Avery 
clan every Avery that he could find, was somewhat too much 
inclined to assign the more or less remote ancestor of some 
Avery correspondent to the position in the Groton line that 
seemed to him the only place into which such ancestor could be 
made to fit, and that, in some such cases, his assignments were 
erroneous. One such instance is here cited by way of illustra- 
tion. On page 331 of The Averys of Groton is the record of a 

Introductory vii 

William Avery (Sweet's No. 54), the alleged seventh child of 
Abraham Avery (Sweet's No. 18), the list of whose children 
appears on page 327 of that book. This Abraham Avery is. 
identical with the Abraham* Avery (No. 26) of this volume. In 
the list of the children of this Abraham* Avery we give, at the 
bottom of page 137, conclusive evidence that the seventh child, 
William-', died unmarried. Our discovery of the will of this 
William-', the son of Abraham*, made it necessary for us to cut 
out the record of Mr. Sweet's William (Sweet's No. 54) and, 
with him, all of the descendants of William's son, Benjamin 
(Sweet's No. 105). Fortunately, Mr. Sweet did not assign wife 
or child to either of the other two alleged children of his Will- 
iam. It is possible that this Benjamin, the progenitor of a very 
worthy line of descendants, may, in reality, be one of the Groton 
Avery clan, but, as w^e have not been able to prove it, we have 
been obliged, with profound regret, to leave him and all of his. 
descendants out of the fold. 

After years of preliminary work, and after offering to give 
all of our genealogical material to any one who would carry out 
our plans, and to pay a bonus of several hundred dollars, I 
announced, in August, 1900, that I would begin printing the 
family history when I had received orders for five hundred sets. 
of the work at $10.00 per set. That was" more than a dozen 
years ago ; I have not yet that number of subscriptions. But, 
owing to a campaign for subscribers made by Trueman Gardner 
Avery (No. 2301) of Buffalo, N. Y., I was sufficiently encouraged 
to take my chances, and the work was begun. This history, as 
delivered to subscribers, contains nearly twice as many pages as 
we estimated when the price was fixed. When the books have 
been delivered, and all collections on account thereof have been 
made, The Groton Avery Clan will represent a money loss to me of 
more than twenty thousand dollars. I do not regret the contri- 
bution ; my compensation lies in the freely expressed appreciation 
of many of my subscribers, whose patience in long waiting I 
cannot sufficiently admire. Of course, there have been much 
indifference on the part of those who ought to be interested, and 
a few cases of rudeness that illustrate the fact that one may 
have descended from a noble ancestor. Of course, there have 

viii Introductory 

been many answers long delayed and some that were contradic- 
tory of each other. Of course, the compilation is not satisfactory 
even to the compiler; in the nature of things as they are, such 
a work never can be satisfactory to the head workers. I have, 
in the case of every living member of the clan whose post-office 
address was known to me, sent, for examination and correction, 
a typewritten copy of his or her family record, with explanatory 
circulars and a self-addressed return envelope. In most cases, 
I sent a similar copy of the family record of the father or mother 
to some of the living children. After allowing ample time for the 
return of such copies, the necessary corrections were made before 
the matter was sent to the printer. As an added precaution, 
printed proof-slips were sent out with enclosures as before — the 
final opportunity for additions and corrections. After taking 
such unusual pains to secure complete and accurate records, I 
feel that they who failed to return their proof-slips to me have no 
case against me if the record as printed shows error or omission. 
In spite of our best efforts, however, this history has many errors 
and defects ; I am glad that no one else will find as many of them 
as I have found. 

While I live, I shall be glad to act as a genealogical clearing- 
house for the Groton Avery clan. Items sent to me should refer 
as directly as possible and by number to some record printed in 
this edition. For example : 

No. 5175. Born to Ralph Whittledge and Edna May 
(Wright) Avery, June 7, 1912, at Rocky Hill, N. J., a son, Ralph 
Reginald Avery. 

No. 5392. Kenneth Mordecai Gilbert was b. May 9, 1877. 

No. 3285, iii. Charles Jacob Avery Masten m. June 26, 1912, 
at Denver, Colo., Helen Adreon Kirkland, dau, etc. 

I will file such items in numerical order and save them for 
the use of the editor of the next edition of The Groton Avery 

With thanks to all who have lent a helping hand, I welcome 
the laying down of the labor that my wife and I took up nearly 
twenty years ago. 


Cleveland, Dec. 31, 1912. 

Introductory ix 


In this work, the following abbreviations are used : 

b. for born. s. for son. 

d. for died. dau. for daughter, 

d. y. for died young. m. for married, 

unm. for unmarried. 

As a general thing, when the name of a town is not followed 
by the name of a state, Connecticut is to be understood, unless 
both town and state are mentioned in the same family record. 
Thus, in reading record No. 43, on page 153, it will be under- 
stood that New London and Groton are in Connecticut, while 
Oyster Bay is in New York as stated in the seventh line of the 
paragraph. Such omissions of the state name are frequent in 
the earlier chapters of the book — before the dispersion of the 
clan became wide and general. 

The family records are arranged in numerical order, be- 
ginning on page 27, with 1. Christopher^ Avery, the first genera- 
tion of the clan. The record of this first generation constitutes 
Chapter IV; the record of the only child, 2. Captain James - 
Avery, the second generation, constitutes Chapter V. The names 
of his nine children, the third generation, appear on page 78. 
The name of each of these ivho became the head of a family is 
preceded by an Arabic figure, and the records of such children 
follow in numerical order, constituting Chapter VI. Thence, 
to the end of the genealogy, the records of each successive 
generation constitute a separate chapter. 

If, in a list of children, a name is preceded by an Arabic 
numeral, it is probable that a fuller record appears in the 
chapter next following; look for it in its numerical order. If 
such Arabic numeral is not prefixed to the name, it may be 
understood that the record of that child ends at that place. 


Thus, on page 137, the only record of Mary% the second child 
of Abraham* Avery, is given in that place, while the fuller 
record of Thomas", the third child, appears as No. 120 and may 
l3e found in its proper place on page 197. The names of the 
children of the daughters of the clan are not thus numbered ; if 
the records of such children (who do not bear the Avery name) 
were included, these volumes would have to be multiplied and 
the work would be, not an Avery genealogy, but an incomplete 
record of the descendants of Christopher^ Avery. Of course, 
some limit must be fixed, but special pains have been taken to 
make it easy for such descendants as do not bear the name to 
"catch on" to the Groton Avery line. In a few cases, a number 
in Arabic figures has been given in the list of children and the 
further record not given — for the reason that our expectations 
of getting the information needed for such fuller record were 
not realized. See No. 803. In each family record, the name 
thus numbered and the name of husband or wife are printed 
in black-face type that easily catch the eye. In the first line of 
each record, the names printed in parentheses and in italic type, 
indicate the ancestral line back to Christopher^ The small 
figures following a given name and raised above the line indicate 
the number of the generation as counted down from Christo- 

In some cases, defective or erroneous information furnished 
by one correspondent was amplified or corrected by another 
<;orrespondent after the printing of the record first sent to us. 
To make, under such conditions, the best possible use of such 
later information, we have accepted certain irregularities, illus- 
trated by records No. 1714a and No. 1715a, on page 643 (com- 
pare with record No. 688 on page 386), and by "Editorial 
Notes" like those on pages 830 and 999. See the "Memoranda" 
on p. 1455. 

There is a single alphabetical index to the names (Mr. 
Sweet had a dozen). We have taken great care to make the list 
as full and accurate as possible. Little difficulty will be ex- 
perienced in finding the record of Aaron Alonzo Avery or of 
Elizabeth Avery Meriwether, or of any other one whose name 
is complete and not too common. It may not be so easy to find 


Introductory xi 

the record of a desired Albert Avery or of a Charles H. Avery. 
But if you know that you want the record of Albert Brewster 
Avery or of Charles Hedding Avery, the search will not be long. 
Even if you want a certain John Avery or a certain William 
Avery, the generation numbers given with the names will assist, 
if you have some idea of the time when the person lived. If you 
know the name of the wife or of the husband of the person whose 
record you are seeking, you may, in such cases, save time by 
looking for that name in the index. For instance, if you want 
to find the record of William Avery who married Martha 
Stewart, the index, which contains the name of only one Martha 
Stewart, will refer you to page 358 for her record which is 
identical with her husband's. Similarly, if you want the record 
of Elizabeth Avery who married John Owen Miner, you will 
find her record most easily by looking for his name in the index, 
for we have many Elizabeth Averys recorded and few John 
Owen Miners. In other cases, you may have to examine numer- 
ous records before you find the one you desire. When once found, 
the line of ancestors or of descendants may be easily traced by 
means of the associated Arabic numerals. 

"There is no better heritage than 
a good name that a father can be- 
queath to his children; nor is there 
in a family any richer heirloom than 
the memory of a noble ancestor." 

James Hamilton. 




The origin of the name Avery has been much discussed. 
According to the Patronymica Britannica it may come from any 
of the following: 

Aviarius—A keeper of birds, as "avyries of sparrow-hawks, 
falcons, eagles and herons, ' ' mentioned in the Forest Charter. 

Avery — A place where forage for the king's horses was kept, 
derived either from Aveyia, oats (Lat.), or Haver, oats (Anglo- 
Norman), or Aver, a northern provincialism for a working horse. 

Yet aft a ragged cowte's been known 
To mak a noble aiver.— Burns. 

Alberic—A German personal name. Latinized Albericus, and 
softened in Norman times to Aubray. 

It has been claimed that the name Avery came from Averum, 
derived from the French avoir, to have or to hold. Avares is the 
name of a shepherd tribe of India. Avereland is the land of the 
rustics. The French Avarie, the Italian Averie, the Arabic Aivar, 
and the Persian Angaria, all mean forced * * commandeering of 
horses for government purposes," later applied to a tax on 
freight. Every Avery is at least equal to the average, both words 
having a common origin. 

H. Barber, in British Family Names, derives Avery, Every, 
Ivory, from the same word, Ivry, a locality in Normandy. 

" Hurrah! Hurrah! for Ivry and Henry of Navarre." 

The name has been spelled in many ways, Avery, Avrey, 
Auvrey, Auerey, Auvray, Auery, Averie, Avyrie, Averye, Avaray, 
Avere, and possibly Auray and Aurey. The letters v and ii 
were used interchangeably until the sixteenth century. The 
initial E has also been used for A in nearly every form, as Every, 

The Groton Avery Clan 

De Magny, in his history of Nobiliare de Normmidy, men- 
tions a family of Auvrays of Avranches and, in another place, 
gives an account of the Aurays of the same locality and assigns 
to each the same coat of arms, "a lozenge of gold and azure." 
The Aurays originated in Brittany (Bretagne), in the town of 
Auray, and were illustrious before the days of William the Con- 
queror. According to Norman history, members of the family 
accompanied William into England in 1066 and, in 1364, other 
members took part in the battle of Auray which put an end to 
the struggle for the succession to the dukedom of Brittany. The 
Aurays have played an important part in the history of France 
and have been honored with many titles and emoluments. The 
Avaray family was an ancient one known in Beam from the thir- 
teenth century. They served Louis X. and Philip the Good. The 
title of due de Beziade was conferred on the eldest son. Claude- 
Theophile Avaray, due de Beziade, born in 1655, was lieutenant- 
general in the French army and died in 1745. Claude-Antoine 
Avaray, born in 1740, was deputy to the states-general from 
Orleans in 1789 when he defended the monarchy. He was obliged 
to emigrate but returned after the revolution. On the accession 
of Louis XVIIL, he received high honors and a fine estate. He 
died in 3829. His son Antoine-Louis-Francis was a near friend of 
King Louis. 

Ralph Ivorie was in the duchy of Normandy, 1180; Tuston 
Everie was there, 1198 ; Prinet Everie had safe conduct from 
Henry V. Ralph, Nicholas, and Walter Avery were in England 
in 1272. (See The Norman People, published by Henry King and 
Co., London, p. 237.) 

The Auvrays were and are numerous in Normandy. William 
Auvray was at Vaux in 1463. John Auvray was living at Monti- 
villiers in 1570. Cyprien Avray was alderman at Caen in 1589 
and left a son James. John Auvray of Coutances, lord of Vivier, 
ennobled in 1576, had a son Francis who left sons, Francis, 
Phillipe, John, and Robert. In 1666, all the rights, titles and the 
coat of arms of this John Auvray of Coutances were confirmed to 
Adam and Michael Auvray. Marin Auvray, lord of Villy Bayeux, 
ennobled in 1543, had descendants confirmed in all his rights in 
1666. In 1667, Peter Auvray was confirmed in all the rights of 
his ancestor, Nicholas, who was ennobled in 1597. There were 
also Auvrays in Carentan, Lisieux and many other Norman towns. 

In France and England 

(See NobiUare de Normandie, by E. De Magny; also French bio- 
graphical dictionaries. ) 

The name Avere first appears in England in the Domesday 
Book, on pages 45 and 46. This book contains a list of all the 
estates in England with their values and was prepared by the 
authority of William the Conqueror. It was completed about 
1084. From the translation of the Domesday Book for Exeter we 
learn that "Baldwin has a manor called Avera. . . , William 
holds of Baldwin, Avra. . . . There are ten acres of meadow and 
ten acres of wood." 

From the twelfth century to the present time, Averys have 
been numerous in the southwestern counties of England. In 
Cornwall, Thomas Avery was connected with a suit in Bodmin, 
in 1310. William Avery was defendant in one at same place in 
1333. John Avery, of Bodmin, married Isoult Barry, whose 
father, of Wynscote, died in 1538. This John Avery is supposed 
to be the ancestor of the Everys of Wycroft Castle, Devon. 
Michael Avery was mayor of Bodmin in 1544; Thomas Avery had 
Johan baptized in 1560, and Thomas in 1563; Walter Avery mar- 
ried Orige Williams in 1569 and Michael Avery died the same 
year. John Avery was in the parish of St. Endillion in 1465. 
Richard Avery owned a messuage in Trewigget in 1543. Thomas 
Avery, a royalist, was mayor of Liskeard in 1659. The "Lay 
Subsidy" tax in Tintagel, in 1543-4, show the following Averys 
assessed "pro bonis": Agnes Auery, ij d (i.e., two pence); 
Johannes Auery, viii s; David Auery, iiij d; Thomas Auery, ij d; 
Ricardus ; Johannes Avery, ij d. In the long list of Tintagel 
mayors who bore the name of Avery were: John, 1407, 1630, 1812; 
Thomas. 1605; Richard, 1711, 1714, 1784, 1788, 1791, 1794, 1801; 
William, 1746. Argent, widow of Clement Avery, owned a farm 
there in 1679 and, at the same time, Christopher Avery had a 
meadow nearby. Thomas R. Avery was lord of the manor at 
Minster and J. R. Avery of that at Farrabury. Richard Avery 
owned "Honour Manor," in Boscastle in 1844. 

In St. Stephen's Church, Saltash, on the borders of Devon, a 
mural tablet was placed in memory of the Avery family "long 
seated and widely spread in the south of Devon." The arms 
were: ''Three water bougets." A similar inscription is found at 
St. Mary's Church, Plymouth, Devon. 

The Groton Avery Clan 

Gerard Avery of Lostwythiel, Cornwall, and 


brook, covenanted concerning the building of a wing between 
their houses in North street, 1345. (See Sir Edward Bering's 
Collection of Deeds. ) 

The proceedings in chancery in 1560 give the names of Thomas 
Averye and Robert Avery in a dispute over land in the manor of 
Cuttenbeke, St. Germans, Cornwall; in 1563, the name of Henry 
Avery appears in a dispute with William Matthews concerning 
houses and lands at Bossiney, Cornwall. 

The History of the Deanery of Trigg Minor by Sir John 
McLean, and Notes and Queries (particularly volume 7) contain 
many references to the Averys, some of which are given above. 

Jenephor, dau. of Michael Averie, Truro, Cornwall, m. 
Everard Edmondes, before 1613. Eward Kestle married Johanna 
Avery, 16 Sept., 1599, Truro. William Avery, gent., m. Love- 
day Courtenoy, 19 Feb., 1609, St. Michaels, Penkivel. William 
Avery was burgess of Truro, Cornwall, Oct. 9, 1620. (See 
Visitation of Cormvall, 1620.) 

Johes Avery, Guithian, Cornwall, m. Emea Randall, 28 Sept., 

Below is given the result of the search made for us in the 
parish of Tintagel, Cornwall, England. As will be seen, the 
name Christopher occurs. This search was made possible by the 
generosity of Miss Carrie M. Powers, of Decatur, Illinois. 

When Baptized 
Octr. 7 
Feb. 7 
Octr. 18 
August 7 
(?) Sept. 10 

Deer. 9 
Mar. 29 
Nov. 26 
May 8 
Octr. 30 
Nov. 8 
May 25 
Nov. 17 
Nov. 8 
May 6 
Sept. 7 
Octr. 12 
Nov. 18 
Aug. 20 
Sept. 18 
Deer. 8 



Parent's Name 



Richard Avery 



John Avery 


Jane (base) 

Annie Avery 



Richard Avery 



John Avery of 



Richard Avery 



Parcew Avery 



WiUiam Avery 



John Avery 



William Avery 



Richard Avery 



Pascew Avery 



John Avery 



Pascew Avery 



Thomas Avery 



Theophilus Avery 



Thomas Avery 


Argent (?) 

Edward Avery 



Francis Avery 



Clement Avery 



Clement Avery 



Clement Avery 

In France and England 

The following is a list of the Avery marriages in Tintagel 
down to about 1630. There are many of a later date: 

William Avery married Willmet Jeast, 11 July, 1588. 

Margary Avery 
Annis Avery 
Thomas Avery 
Clemence Avery 
Tomsin Avery 
Margaret Avery 
William Avery 

Nicholas Simons, 23 Jan., 1588. 

Clemence Battyn, 14 Oct., 1591. 

Katharine Brown, 12 Feb., 1594. 

Elizabeth, dau. Laurence Locke, 4 May, 1607. 

John Martin, 10 July, 1609. 

Robert Danger, 25 April, 1613. 

Honor Abel, 29 April, 1628. 

Our Christopher Avery, the first of the Groton clan, was 
found in Devon, the county next to Cornwall. An account of 
him will be found in Chapter IV. Averys were very numerous 
in that seaside shire and it is probable that thence many of the 
name came to America. William Avery held the manor of Coreham 
in 1270. Walter Avery's name appears on the list of clergymen 
of Bishop Stapelden, diocese of Exeter, who were present at a 
meeting at Totnes, near Ipplepen, December 22, 1313. A daughter 
of Thomas Avery married William Tighman in 1399, In the 
year 1582, Phillis, daughter of Richard Avery of Barnstaple, 
married Richard Roberts. She died December 30, 1630. Her 
sister, Joane, married Thomas Stephens and her sister, Katherine, 
married, first John Andrews, second Bartholomew Chichester. 
In Dowland, North Devon, Robert Avery, gent. , buried his mother, 
the "weif of Thomas Stoffard in 1600," his wife Thamasine in 
1601, and wife Johanna, 1612. The arms used were those of the 
Averys of Dedham (see Chapter III.). December 21, 1613, Robert 
Avery of Dowland and Ann Chamberlyn of Dowland were mar- 
ried. In Idysleigh, John Avery married Elizabeth Copplestone in 
1756. Lady Elizabeth Avery of Devonshire was buried in West- 
minster Abbey in the fifteenth century. 

Among the marriage licenses, diocese of Exeter, Devon, in 
the Bishop's registry at the cathedral, is found the following: 

"1615, Sept. 26. Richard Englishe of Collompton & Joanna Everye of 
Totnes, widow." 

This Joanna Everye was the widow of Thomas Everye of Totnes. 
Richard EngHshe's will was exhibited at Exeter, 13 Sept., 1623. 
After making several legacies, he left the residue of his estate to 
his wife, Joanna, who was made executor. 

6 The Groton Avery Clan 

The Rev. David Avery, in his valuable manuscript history of 
the Avery family in America, written in 1800, stated that 
Christopher Avery was a kersey weaver from Devon. Thus 
guided, and at the expense of Trueman G. Avery, of Buffalo, a 
search was made in Devon, a region in which kersey weaving was 
the great industry in the seventeenth century. Besides items 
relating to Christopher Avery, the emigrant, many records relat- 
ing to the family in general were obtained by the genealogist 
employed, Mr. C. A. Hoppin, Jr. They are given here to help 
other Avery clans and in the hope that their connection with the 
Groton Averys, if they have any, may sometime be proved. The 
index to the wills, inventories, and administrations of the Averys 
in the courts of Devon are herewith copied to about 1650: 

Archdeaconry Court, Exeter . — Chrlstiane Avery, Kenton, 1586, will; Robert 
Averie, 1593, adm. ; William Averie, Powderham, 1613, will; Joane 
Averie, Powderham, 1620, will; John Averie, Westogwell, 1626, adm.; 
Edith Avery, Kenton, 1636, adm.; John Avery, Exeter, 1652, adm. 

Principal Registry of Bishop of Exeter.— John Averye, Cheritan Bishop, 
1579, will; John Avery, Tintagel, 1601, adm.; Lawrence Avery, Hart- 
land, 1607, will; Mary Avery, Tintagel, 1634, will; George Avery, 
Petrockstow, 1634, will; Marquesse Avery, Hatherly, 1639, will; Peter 
Avery, Hartland, 1648, will; Alexander Avery, Berinarber, 1650, adm.; 
Lawrence Avery, Hartland, 1648, adm. 

Consistory Court, Bishop of Exeter. — Richard Avery, Tetcott, 1568, will; 
Thomas Avery, Morchard Bishop, 1577, will; Agnes Averye, St. Ger- 
mains, Cornwall, 1586, will; Alice Avery, Sandford, 1594, will; Law- 
rence Avery, Hartland, 1606, will; Nicholas Avery, Sandford, 1621, 
will; Thomas Avery, St. Germains, Cornwall, 1646, will; Edward Avery, 
Swimbridge, 1633, inv. ; Margaret Avery, Sandford, 1640, adm. 

Peculiar Court of the Dean and Chapter of Exeter. ^Thomas Averye, Daw- 
hshe, 1551; Henry Avery, St. Mary's Church, 1559; Gilbert Averie, 
Topsham, 1606, will; John Averie, Heavetree, 1606, adm.; Mary 
Averie, St. Mary's Church, 1606, will; John Averie, Heavetree, 1610, 
adm.; Elizabeth Avery, Topsham, 1613, adm. ; Daniel Avery, St. Mary's 
Church, 1616, will; John Avery, Topsham, 1639, adm.; Christopher 
Avery, St. Mary's Church, 1705, adm. 

Archdeaconry of Totnes.—Crispian Everie, 1555; Richard Avery, Jacob- 
stowe, 1555; John Avery, Brodworthie, 1558; Elizabeth Avery, Brod- 
worthie, 1559; Helinora Avery, Jacobstowe; Robert Avery, Sanford 
Courtney, 1567; Stephen Avery, Hatherleigh, 1578; Joane Avery, Ipple- 
pen, 1593; Joane Avery, Sanford Courtney, 1597; Paveras Everie, 
Brodhampton, 1593; John Averie, 1624; Elizabeth Everie, Totnes, 1605; 
John Avery, Totnes, 1610; Christopher Avery, Torbrian, 1613, adm.; 
William Avery, Buckland-in-the-moor, 1619, will; William Avery, Brod- 
hempton, 1615, will; Richard Avery, Brodhempton, 1623, will; Simon 

In France and England 

Avery, Jacobstone, 1626; Philip Avery, Hatherleigh, 1626; Mather 
Avery, Brodworthie, 1629, will; John Avery, Jacobstone, 1629; John 
Avery, Vigsboro, 1630; Mai'gereta Avery, Tolton, 1636; William Avery, 
Brodhempton, 1645. 

Archdeaconry Court of Barnstaple. — William Averie, Dolton, 1565, will; 
Thomas Averye, Hartland, 1572, will; Elizabeth Averie, North Taw- 
ton, 1573, adm. ; Matilda Avei'ie, Dolton, 1574, will; Elizabeth Averie, 
Hai-tland, 1574, will; John Averie, Hartland, 1577, will; Marye Avery, 
Hartland, 1580, will; Walter Avery, North Tawton, 1587, will; Robert 
Avery, Great Torrington, 1594; Joan Avery, Westle, 1597; John Avery, 
Nymettracy, 1601, will; Jane Avery, Torrington Magna, 1602, will; 

Avery, 1608; Avery, 1610; Avery, 1613; Mabel 

Avery, Torrington Parva, 1620; Edith Avery, 1625; Sylvester Avery, 
1626; Robbins Avery, 1626; Richard Avery, Northlands, 1631; Elizabeth 
Avery, Dolton, 1631; Hugh Avery, 1632; Avecia Avery, Stanpolu, 
1640; John Avery, Dolton, 1643, will; Jane Avery, Torrington Parva, 
1643; Robert Avery, South Molton, 1645. 

Abstracts of Devon Wills.— 

William Averie, Brodhempston, weaver, will dated 27 Dec, 1615; pro- 
bated Newton Abbott, April 23, 1615; mentions "Poore of Brod- 
hempston," wife, sons, William, Richard, dau. Elizabeth, and John 

Richard Averye, Brodhempston, weaver; will dated March 1, 1622; 
probated Newton Abbott, April 22, 1623; mentions "pore of Brod- 
hempston," Cousin Paveras Averye and his fower children, brother 
William Averye, Sister Elizabeth Avery, Cousin Joan Whitbread and 
her three children, Goddaughter Philip Pearce his child, Christopher 
Holmes his "twoe children." 

Benjamin Avery administered the estate of William Avery, Brod- 
hempston, weaver, April 17, 1645. 

Lyman Avery, Jacobstowe, husbandman, will made April 26, 1625; he 
died April 27, 1625; mentions wife Jane, son James, grandchildren 
Edward, Richard, Robert and Joanne Avery, dau. Anne Avery, son- 
in-law John Small, poor of Jacobstowe. 

Jane Avery, Jacobstowe, widow, will dated March 28, 1659; probated 
Oakhampton, July 10, 1661; mentions son Maurice Smale, grand- 
children Joane, Anne, John and Simon Smale, son John Smale and 
Mary Speare. 

John Avery, Jacobstowe, husbandman, will dated Sept. 2, 1629; pro- 
bated Nov. 24, 1629, Totnes; mentions eldest son Edward, William 
Van's three children, Robin Avery, my son John Lounsford, cousin 
Jane Smalle, Mary Avery, John Splat, godson Simon Smale; my 

John Averie, Ugborough, husbandman, will dated Aug. 20, 1630; pro- 
bated Dec. 30, 1630; mentions wife Johane, dau. Mary Avery, sons, 
Edmund, Richard, and William Averie, sister Agnes Mayner, Elynor, 
wife of Thomas Rocke and their four children. 

8 The Groton Avery Clan 

Mathew Avery, Broadworthy, will probated April 4, 1629; mentions 
brothers Robert and John Avery; sister Edith Avery, Richard Avery 
and his son John, Richard Courtes and Precilla, Robert and Thomas 
Courtes, John Courtes, Joanne Taylder, Agnes Avery, Thomas flfutts, 
poor of Brodworthy, William Gouldes children, Thomas Penwarden. 

John Avery, Brodworthy, yeoman, will dated Oct., 1665; probated Nov. 
7, 1665, Totnes; mentions wife Margery, son John, dau. Mary, Rich- 
ard Dobell, John Coutis. 

Richard Avery, Highampton, yeoman, will dated June 1, 22 Charles II. 
Probated Jan. 17, 1670, Totnes. Mentions sons, James, Richard, 
John and Edward Avery, daus. Prudence, Elizabeth and Mary; god- 
sons Thomas and James Avery, goddau. Joan, son Francis deceased. 

Marie Avery, widow, St. Marie Church, will dated March 18, 1607; 
probated March 30, 1608, Exeter; mentions John Philpe, son-in-law, 
and his two children, John and Maria; Susan Melton and Maria Cole. 

Gilbert Averie, Topsham, tailor, will dated Dec. 23, 1606; probated 
Feb. 8, 1606, Exeter; mentions wife Joane, son Richard; dau. Marie, 
son-in-law Jesse Colleter, brother John Avery and Cousin Thomas 

Willym Avery, Powderham, Jan. 23, 1613; nuncupative will; probated 
Feb., 1613; mentions wife Elizabeth, dau. Mary, Humfry fforde and 
dau. Hester fforde, Philip Turner. 

Joane Avery, Powderham, widow, 19 May, 1620. Probated at Exeter, 
June 21, 1620. Mentions brother George Pillaphing, sister Dunes, 
brother John, brother Thomas Pillaphing, Alice Stribbling, wife of 
Robert, sister-in-law Tauseon, aunt Tauseon Harris, George Moles 
children, Elizabeth Glanfill, Thomas Kenwood, Hester Ford. 

Daniell Averie, St. Mary's Church, sealer and fisherman, March 20, 
1615. Probated March, 1616. To wife Marie Avery; sons Daniell 
and WiUiam; daus. Margaret and Elizabeth; son-in-law Oliver 
Brown; Henry and John, sons of John Brown; Richard, son of 
Richard Webber; John and Mary, children of Stephen Langworthy. 

There are many wills of a later date, not here mentioned as 
they probably have no bearing on the American Averys. One 
exception is made on account of the name: 

Agnes Hutchins, alias Avery, adm., Jan. 8, 1705-6, on estate of her 
son Christopher Avery of St. Mary's Church. 

The search in the prerogative court of Canterbury, London, 
revealed but three wills of the period in which we are interested: 

Richard Avery, Newton, 1571. 
Richard Avery, the elder, Totnes, 1585. 
Catharine Every, 1654. 

The following list of Devonshire deeds was taken from the 
record office, Chancery Lane, London: 

In France and England 9 

William Everye, Esq., buyer; John Burnard, gent., seller, premises in 
Hemyoke, 1605. 

William Everie, Esq., and others to Henry Skilbrowe and wife, premises in 
Combesachesfield, Silverton and Bradninche, 1606. 

Robert Averye to Richard Webber and wife Dorothy, premises in Garland 
and Chulmeleighe, 1606. 

Humphrey Evry and Jane his wife bought of Richard Estchwiche, gent., 
premises in Chudleigh, 1608. 

George Everie and Mary his wife bought of Thomas Marwood, sen., prem- 
ises in Honyton, 1613. 

John Averye, seller, buyer not mentioned, premises in Upcotte, 1612. 

A few more Devon items remain to be noticed. The church at 
Crewys-morchard contains tombs of the Avery family. At 
Witheridge, Robert Avery and wife Anne had children, Robert, 
John, Joan, Elizabeth, and Mary who married John Tristam. 
According to the "Admission Register" of Gray's Inn, Robert 
Avery, son of Robert Avery, gent., Witheridge, was admitted 
April 6, 1657. He was probably the same Robert Avery, gent., 
son and heir of Robert Avery, gent., Witheridge, who matricu- 
lated at Exeter College, Oxford, Dec. 9, 1653. 

Baptisms in the parish church, Barnstaple.— 

Year Child's Name Parent's Name 

1602, Dec. 24 Rychard Edwarde Averye 

1605, July 27 Alse Edwarde Averye 
1607, Nov. 18 George Edwarde Averye 
1609, Nov. 18 Francis Edwarde Averie 
1630, Feb. 20 Valentyn Richard Avery 

Burials in the parish church, Barnstaple. — 

1606, July 18, Alse, daughter of Edwarde Averye. 
1606, July 10, Mr. Richard Averye. 

Marriages in the parish church, Barnstaple. — 

1582, January 17, Thomas Palmer and Agnes Avery. 

1582, July 29, Richard Roberts and Phillis Avery (see p. 5). 

1589, April 21, Richard Avery and Elizabeth Bartrain. 

Going north into County Somerset, we find the Avery family 
still numerous and important. We know that one branch from 
that county found a home in the New World. The following pedi- 
gree is prepared from the "Herald's Visitations," wills, deeds, 
and the history of the Dedham Averys: 


The Groton Avery Clan 


William Avery, = Ann, dau. 
of Congresbury, and heir 

Co. Somerset, of 

d. 1585. Irish of 


Robert Avery= 
of Pill, 
d. 1575. 
(See p. 11) 

Prudence Avery 
m. John 

Jacob Avery, of= 
Mell, Somerset, 
1623; m. Dorothy 
dau. Hugh Whit- 
combe, Dorset, 

Giles. Thomas. 

I I I 

William= Richard. John= 



Sarah. John. 

I I 

William. Joane. 

Samuel Avery, = 
and London, 
merchant, m. 
dau. Benjamin 

Joseph Avery, = 
Huwish, Co. 
Somerset, Esq. 
eldest son 
m. Frances, 


Derds, London. 
They had a son 
Joseph, who 
was a merchant 
in London. 

of Froome, 

m. Edw. 

m. John Irish. 


Dudley Avery, Esq. 
eldest son 
Streatly, Berks, 
m. Jane Large; 
2d, Anna, dau. of 
John Allen, 
Streatly, Berks. 

William Avery= 
second son, 
Enfield and 
Middlesex ; 
m. Susan, dau 
of Giles Eyre, 
White Parish, 

Barsheba, m. William 
Knipe, Kendall, 

Catharine, m. William Lare, 
Cowley, Middlesex, Esq. 

Christian, m. Joshua 
Warren, Colchester. 

Mariabella, m. John Locke, 
Bristol, Esq. 



Dudley. Allen. Samuel. William. Catharine. 

Barsheba. Christian. 


In France and England 11 

Robert Avery of Pill, who died in 1575, is the progenitor of 
one clan of the American Averys. 

Robert Avery, Pill, d. 1575 = 

I I I 

William Avery^ Richard Avery. Thomas Avery. 

Robert Avery= William Avery. Frances Avery. 

William Avery, eldest son, came to Dedham, New England, 
about 1650. See The Dedham Avery Genealogy for his 

Samuel Avery, of Enfield and London, was sheriff of London 
in 1647, alderman in 1649, and joined in the act of May 30, 1649, 
abolishing kingly power. The following relates to his son Dudley: 

Dudley Avery, merchant taylor, bach. , 23, with consent of his father, the 
right worshipful Samuel Avery, alderman of London, and Jane Large 
above 16, daughter of Thomas Large, with the consent of her mother, 
Elizabeth Whorwood, Feb. 28, 1647. {London Marriage Licenses, 
Harliean Society, 2^ : 38. 

In the prerogative court of Canterbury many wills were 
proved from Somerset County: 

Alice Avery, Yatton, 1572. 
John Avery, Westhuyake, 1571. 

William Avery, Congresbury, Barnwell and Yatton, 1580. 
John Everye; Donyett, 1568. 

Alexander Every, citizen and clothmaker of London, Bradwaye, Somerset; 
Axminster, Devon; St Michaell, Cornwall; Bredstreete, London, 1589. 
John Every, Gent, and Sergeaunt at Armes, Chaffcomb, 1585. 
Richard Everye, Pitminster, 1587. 
Thomas Everie, Hatche Beacham, 1592. 
William Every, Chard, Somerset and Devon, 1587. 

The wills of the above Somerset Averys or Everys seem to 
indicate a close relationship, as the following will show:— 

John Every, Broadway, Somerset; in will administered, March 
21, 1576, mention is made of a son Alexander. 

John Every, Chaffcombe, Somerset, gent, and sergeant-at- 
arms; will made January 31, 1584; proved May 1, 1585. He men- 
tioned wife Madelen; sons Thomas and John; daus. Elizabeth, 
Ellenor, Madelen, Agnes, and Mary; cousins, William Avery of 
Chard and Alexander Avery. 

12 The Groton Avery Clan 

Mary, daughter of John Every of Chaff combe, married Wil- 
liam, the son of Arthur Raymond. Mary Raymond of Illchester, 
widow, in will made Aug. 26, 1639, proved Nov. 15, 1639, men- 
tioned "my cousin Simon Every and his eldest son." 

In Illchester Church is this monumental inscription:— 

"Near this place lyeth the body of Mary Raymond, etc., dau. of John 
Every, Esq., servant to Henry VIII, & servant to Edward VI, Queen 
Mary, and serjant at arms to Queen Elizabeth." 

John Barnarde of Downside, Somerset, in will made Sept. 9, 
1622, mentioned Mary and William Raymond and "my brother 
Jacob Averie. " 

William Every of Chard, merchant; will made January 10, 
1587; proved March 7, 1587-8 by Alexander Everie; adm. granted 
May 5, 1591, to John Every, brother of the deceased. He left his 
wife, Agnes, an annuity of £80 and various goods; to his brother, 
Alexander Every, cloth maker of London, all his lands; to his 
brother, John Every of Broadway, £20; to Thomas Every of Hatch 
Beauchamp, £20; to his sister, Katharine Standerwick, £50; to 
sister Elizabeth Bowdige, £30; to children and grandchildren of 
brother-in-law, John Bowdige, various sums; to William, son of 
John Every of Broadway, £10; to Katharine, dau. of Thomas 
Everie of Hatch Beauchamp, £50; and to each of his other 
children, £10. 

Alexander Every, London, Broadway, Axminster, St. Michael, 
Cornwall, cloth maker; will made Dec. 25, 1588; proved March 27, 
1589, by William Every, son of his brother; left money for the 
erection of almshouses in Broadway; mentioned brothers John 
Every and Thomas Every; John Every, son of Sergeant Every 
and "my aunt Everie, the Sergeant's wife;" children of "my 
brother, Thomas Every." 

John Every, Wootens Abbott, Dorset, gent. ; will dated Dec. 
16, 1616; proved April 25, 1617, by William Every; to "my wife 
Fridsinde, £40 per annum out of my annuity going out of Kings- 
ton Hall, Dorset; " to "John Every, my son," £50 per annum out 
of the same; to "Alexander Every, my son," £50 per annum out 
of the same when 21; to "my son John," my lease of Staymore in 
Axminster, he paying to son, Alexander, £20 per annum; to son 
Alexander, household stuff in Wootens Abbott, with exceptions; 
mentioned daughter-in-law, Barbara Every; to daughter, Sarah, 

In France and England 13 

wife of Henry Skibbow, £100; to their son, William Skibbow, a 
house in Calliforcl; to their daughter, Joan Skibbow, £10; to chil- 
dren of son, William Everie, £100; to second son, John, £100; to 
his son, John, a colt; to daughter, Johane, wife of Worthington 
Brice, £100; mentioned also beloved sister, Elizabeth Bowdige; 
brother-in-law, John Fowler; brother-in-law, Mark Cross; residue 
to William Every, my son. 

Thomas Evrie, Hatch Beauchamp, will dated Aug. 31, 1592; 
proved Oct. 27, 1592; manor of Storwell; mentioned wife, Joane; 
Richard Evrie, eldest son; Thomas Evrie, son; daughter Edith, 
wife of Rowens Kewer; daus., Katharine, Joane, Alice, Freeseed, 
Elizabeth, Mary; to each daughter, £80. 

There are wills of this family of Somerset Averys of later 
generations not here given. In the will of John Barnarde above 
mentioned, we find a suggestion that, through Jacob Avery, the 
Averys of Dedham (Massachusetts) were related to this Somerset 

From the Visitation of Dorset, 1623, we learn that a family 
under the name of Every was seated at Wycroft Castle. They 
bore arms— Or, four chevronels gules. John Every, Esq., married 
Fredeswith, dau. of William Jervice of Hemioke. They had— 

1. Joan, m. Worthington Brice of Somerset County. 

2. Sara, m. Henry Skibbow [Skilbrowe], Silverton, Devon. 

3. William of Cothay, Somerset; m. Margaret, dau. of Robert Haydon, 
Devon, and had 

(a) John, aged 17, in 1623. 

(b) Margaret, aged 15, in 1623. 

(c) William, aged 12, in 1623. 

(d) Joan, aged 11, in 1623. 

(e) Ann, aged 9, in 1623. 

(f) Frideswid, aged 3, in 1623. 

Also an older daughter, Sara, who married John Gould of Dor- 

4. John of Hemiok; m. Barbara, dau. of John Bennet of Dorset, 

and had 

(a) Barbara, aged 7, in 1623. 

(b) Ann, aged 6, in 1623. 

(c) John, aged 3, in 1623. 

5. Alexander of Whitchurch, Dorset. 

John Every, sergeant-at-arms in the reign of Queen Elizabeth, 
bore the same arms as the Everys of Wycroft Castle. Of his 

14 The Groton Avery Clan 

1. Thomas left two daughters. 

2. John left sons, John and George. 

i. John, the first son, married Elizabeth, dau. of William Lambert, of 
Oxford. He died in 1618 and left his estate, Chardstock, to his 
only son— 

(a) Sir Simon Every, created baronet of Chardstock, May 26, 
1641; suffered for loyalty to Charles I. 

Branches of this stock settled in Derbyshire. 

In the registry of wills at Bristol, Gloucestershire, are pre- 
served the wills of Edward Avery, 1601 ; John Avery, 1603. 

Alice Avery's will, Aveling, was proved, 1574; William Avery's, 
same place, 1625; Ann Avery of Sisten, 1615. 

Richard Avery m. Ann Alleredge Jan. 28, 1590, at Betton. 
Ann Avery was buried Nov. 15, 1614, at same place. 

From the Visitation of Dorset, 1623, we learn that Jacob, third 
son of Robert Ryeres, married Frances, dau. of Thomas Auerie of 
County Wilts. 

The Somerset Averys sent branches into Berkshire, Middle- 
sex, and up to London, but there were Averys in Berkshire, 
apparently of other origin. Amos Avery was commissioner for 
Berkshire in 1656. Arnold Avery was a justice of the peace in 
1650. Henry Avery was a soldier serving in Ireland in 1654. 
Joseph Avery was deputy-governor of the Merchant Adventurers' 
Company in Holland, in 1660. Robert Avery was a royalist officer 
in the civil war. Benjamin, Richard and Timothy Avery were 
Presbyterians in Berkshire, in 1697. The Averys were in the 
clothing trade in Newbury; a branch of this family settled in 
Marlboro, Wiltshire; and Dr. Avery, the second treasurer of Guy's 
Hospital, also belonged to the Newbury Averys. They used the 
same coat of arms as the Filongley Averys. It is possible that a 
branch of this family came to America. 

The following contains all that I have been able to learn con- 
cerning the Filongley Averys, in the county of Warwick. A family 
of Averys now living in Virginia are descended from an ancestor 
who had this coat of arms on his silver plate. In the late civil 
war, it disappeared. 




A Grant of these Armes and Crest by Rob. Cook, Esq., Clar- 
enc'x, to Will. Averey, of Felongley in y'^ County of Warwick, 

In France and England 


Gent. , viz. : On a Palle Engrayled azure three Lyons heads coupey 
gold, And to his Crest on a Wreath gold and azure, an Ownce 
Couchant Silver besantyd, mantelled Gules doubled sylver. 
Habend: to him and his posterity, dated 25 Junii, 1579: 21 Eliz. 
Produced at Coleshill 30 Mar.. 1682. 

Mem'^""\— The Ownce is gorged with a Coronet in the Paint- 
ing but not mentioned in the blazon. 

Willimus Auerey= 

=Katherina fi 1 i a 


de Com. Somerset. 

Elizabeth filia=Willimus Auerey=Amphili filia 
Thomae Harby de Filongley in Nicholai Fox- 
de Adston in Com War. obiit ley de Blake- 
Com. Northton 7 May Ac 1618 sley in Com. 
vxor prima. Northt. obiit 


Elizabetha vxor 







Willimus Auerey=Mabilia filia 2 
de Filongly in Willimi B e 1- 
Com. Warr. fil et cherdeGuilles- 
haeres superstes burgh in Com. 
Ao. 1619, Northt. Armi- 


Thomas filius2 
cselebs Ao. 

Richardus obiit 
in puerili aetate, 

vxor Hen- 
rici Agard 
d e Dun- 


I I 

Willimus Auerey Johannes fil. 2. 
filius primogeni- 
tus ataetis 7 ann. 
Ao. 1619. 

Knightleyus fil. 
3 obiit infans. 



Willia. Avery 

Among the Berkshire wills as given by the British Record 
Society are found: — Richard Avery, Rememham, 1559; Richard 
Avery, Rememham, 1620; John Avery, Wargrove, 1605, 

There was a Sir John Avery, vicar of the church of Hag- 
bourne, Berkshire, as is shown by deeds in the Record Office, 
Chancery Lane, London, The name of his clerk was Robert 

The Litchfield wills given are:— John Avery, 1541; John Avery, 
Filongley, 1544; Henry Avery, 1610, 

Parochial endowments by the Avery family are found in Fil- 
ongley. Robert Bucke, draper of London, in his will made Nov, 
17, 1620, mentions " Newe Marsh als Greene Marsh," in Barking, 
Essex, which he bought of William Avery, son of William Avery, 

16 The Groton Avery Clan 

late of Filongley, Warwick, Dec. 30, 1618. He also mentions 
Mary and Clare Avery, daughters of John Avery, of Walden, 

As we get further away from Cornwall and Devon, the name 
of Avery grows less and less frequent. 

John Day, of Chiddinglighe, Essex, in a will dated July 20, 
1620, speaks of his daughter Anna, wife of Lawrence Avery of 
Lewes, and their daughters, Thomasine and Elizabeth. William 
Avery had land in this shire in 1565. 

Thomas Avery was witness to a deed in Southwick, Surrey, 
in 1466. Alice Avery married John Beard in Cowfield, in 1485. 

The parish church, St. Mary's, Cray, Kent contains tombs of 
the Avery family. 

Mr. H. Hatcher, the antiquarian, in 1842, copied the follow- 
ing from the church records at Salisbury, Wiltshire: 

1591. Buriel, Mary, wife to Christopher Avery. 

and adds: "there were Averys in the town within my recollec- 
tion." (See Mass. Hist Col, 3d series, vol. 10, p. 139.) 

Mr. W. L Brigham Tyler, of Chicago, a genealogist of repute 
who was in England, was employed to make a careful study of 
the various parishes of Salisbury, notably. The Close, St. Ed- 
munds, St. Martins and Fisherton, the four oldest. Nothing was 
found. Mr. Tyler also examined the records of the exchequer 
and prerogative court of York, which has a general jurisdiction 
over the north of England as Canterbury has over the south. 
Avery does not seem to have been a common north-country name, 
though a few records were found in Nottinghamshire. 

The Worcester wills and administrations as shown by the 
British Record Society have the following: 

Thomas Avery, Ffylleme, 1539. 

John Avery, Amesbury, 1539. 

The marriage bond of George Avery and Anne Rowley, 1572. 

The marriage bond of William Avery, Warwick, and Dorothy Childermes, 

John Avery, taylor, Bodey, inventory, 1592. 
Richard Avery, will, inventory, 1597. 

The following baptismal records were taken from the parish 
register of Broadway, Worcester: 

In France and England 17 

William, son of John Averie, Aug. 16, 1603. 

Anne, daughter of John Averell, October, 1605. 

Elizabeth, daughter of John Averyes, Feb., 1609. 

Richard, son of John Avery, 1611. 

Thomas, son of John Averell, 1618. 

John, son of William Averell, 1631. 

Jane, dau. of William and Joyce Averell, 1637. 

Thomas, son of William Averell, 1644. 

Isaac, son of William Averell, 1646. 

There were Averys there at a later date, evidently of the 
same family. 

Agnes Arden, grandmother of William Shakespeare, in a will 
dated 1584, gives two sheep to Avery Fulwood. 

In the registry of Lewis, Sussex County, are to be found pro- 
bate records relating to Adam Avery, Portslade, May 7, 1546; 
Robert Avery, Hastings, All Saints, husbandman, Aug. 11, 1547; 
John Avery, Hastings, Dec. 17, 1560; John Avery, Crowhurst, 
Dec. 30, 1552; John Avery, Guesttin, Dec. 30, 1552; John Avery, 
Guesttin, yeoman, Feb. 8, 1554; Alice Averye, Sedlescombe, April 

28, 1557; Martin Avery, Boxhill, Jan. 4, 1557; Thomas Avery, 
Boxhill, June 2, 1575; Nicholas Avery, Brighton, Feb. 3, 1560; 
Nicholas Avery, Southwick, yeoman. May 18, 1560; John Avery, 
South wick, March 28, 1582; William Avery, Trant, March, 1571; 
Alexander Avery, Salehurst, Nov. 9, 1576; Abraham Avery, Sale- 
hurst, April 15, 1618; James Avery, cordwainer, Salehurst, Jan. 

29, 1629; Robert Avery, Ashburnham, yeoman, July 11, 1598; John 
Avery, Westfield, Dec. 20, 1599; Thomas Avery, Westfield, yeo- 
man, Sept. 4, 1623; William Avery, Wabbleton, yeoman, Jan. 14, 
1607; Richard Avery, Hailsham, March 31, 1609; John Avery, 
Winchelsea, May 3, 1609; Henry Avery, Hove, yeoman, Jan. 9, 
1609; Barbara Avery, Hove, widow, March 2, 1629; John Avery, 
Dallington, yeoman, April 1, 1626; Sarah Avery, Rotherfeed, 
spinster, Sept. 15, 1629; and Henry Avery, Tilscombe, March 
13, 1629. Thomas Avery was there in 1466, and William Avery 
in 1565. Richard Avery, Chichester, Sussex, had his will proved 
in the prerogative court of Canterbury, 1593. 

Among the Canterbury wills we find that of Thomas Avery, 
Berden, Essex, 1576, and of Richard Avery, gent., town of New 
Haven, France, 1563. 

Among the graduates of Oxford University (Alumni Ox- 
onienses) we find : 

18 The Groton Avery Clan 

John Avery, D.D., Vice Chancellor, 1507. 

William Avery, Chaplain, B.A., 1541; M.A., June 14, 1544. 

Thomas Avery, B.A., March 31, 1452. 

Thomas Avery, Co. Leicester, matriculated 1589, aged 20. 

Joseph Avery, Berks, Queens College, matriculated 1615, aet. 15. Vicar 

of Romsey, Hants, 1626. 
William Avery, son of Edward Avery, Kingston, Surrey, matriculated 1638, 

aet. 16. 

The name is also found in Oxford records of a later period. 

May 6, 1646, William Avery, son of Samuel Avery, citizen and 
alderman of London, was admitted to Gray's Inn, and about the 
same time, William Avery, son of Mr. Avery, late of Itchington 
Bishops, Warwick, gent, was admitted. 

In the chancery rolls for the reign of James I., we read: 

"Avery contra Woodford " ; "Avery conti'a Lashmere"; "Avery contra 
Dummal "; "Avery contra Reinal "; "Avery contra Harrys ". 

The index to the chancery proceedings for the reign of 
Charles I. shows: 

"Averie vs. Oriel Col., Oxford; Averys vs. Knight; Avery vs. Tolson; 
Averys vs. Wheatlee; Avery vs. Pellett; Avery vs. Tighe; Avery vs. 
Winter; Avery vs. Morley; Avery vs. Dyer; Averie vs. Gratwink; 
Avery vs. Hunsdon; Avery vs. Atkin; Avery vs. Forward. 

To-day there is an Avery lane in London and an Avery street 
in Birmingham. 

London, the great metropolis, draws tribute from all England, 
and thither went many Averys to better their fortunes. The 
early records only are given here, but the name appears all down 
the years and is not uncommon even to-day. 

London Marriage Licenses : 

William Avery and Elizabeth Harbye, Dec. 13, 1573, St. Michael, Cornhill. 

William Avery, silk weaver, and Christian Slater, widow, of city of Lon- 
don, Jan. 18, 1580, at St. Alphage, London. 

Thomas Averye, St. OUives, in Silver Street, and Anne Goodriche, St. 
Peters, in Cheape, June 18, 1583, St. Dionis, Backchurch Parish, 

Christopher Everye (or Averye), St. James Garlike Hittie, London, 
and Mary Harryson, spinster, St. Mary, Woolnoth, dau. of William 
Harryson, late of St. Magnus, London, merchant taylor, deceased, at 
St. Marys, Woolnoth, June 24, 1584. 

Richard Avery and Katharine Harmon, July 3, 1603, St. James, Clerken- 

In France and England 19 

William Smith, Westminster, joiner, and Joyce Avery, spinster, July 3, 

John Berley, St Catherine, and Mary Averye, St. Andrews, Undershaft, 

London, dau. of John Averye, Ipswich, Suffolk, gent., Sept. 11, 1621. 
Edward Avery, St. Peters, Paul's Wharf, London, dyer, and Mary Edgley, 

widow of John Edgley, St. Bartholomew-the-less, West Smithfield, 

London, at Horsney, Middlesex, Sept. 9, 1626. 
Richard Avery and Ann Bai'ber, by bans. Oct. 22, 1626. 
William Avery and Joane Cooper, St. James, Clerkenwell, Nov. 1, 1635. 

Parish Register, St. Thomas, the Apostle : 
Jane, dau. of Edward Avery, christened Jan 6, 1560. 
Margaret, dau. of Edward Avery, died Jan. 16, 1561. 
Jane, dau. of Edward Avery, buried Sept. 6, 1561. 
Maxy, dau. of Edward Avery, buried Sept. 14, 1561. 
Garret, dau. of Edward Avery, buried Sept. 29, 1562, 
John, son of Edward Avery, buried Oct. 1, 1561. 
Edward Avery, clothmaker, buried March 30, 1580. 
Thomas Fletcher and Luce Avery, married Dec. 8, 1567. 
Robert Brinklow and Elizabeth Avery, married Nov. 17, 1588. 

Register of St. Peters, Cornhill, London : 

Richard Avery, buried August 20, 1554. 
Roger Avery, buried Feb. 18, 1556. 
Edward Avery, buried July 12, 1557. 
Alice Avery, buried July 16, 1557. 

Register of St. James, Clerkenwell, London : 
Thomas, son of John and Alice Avery, christened Nov. 30, 1642. 
Elizabeth, dau. of Arthur and Alice Avery, christened May 11, 1642. 
Mary, dau. of Arthur and Alice Avery, christened Oct. 24, 1630. 
Arthur, son of Arthur and Alice Avery, christened Nov. 10, 1639. 
Ehzabeth, dau. of Arthur and Alice Avery, christened March 15, 1643. 
Katherine, wife of Richard Avery, buried Dec. 8, 1615. 

Register of Kensington Parish: 
Margaret Avery of Hillindon and John Gobone, married May 6, 1560. 
Thomas Avery buried January 18, 1573. 

In 1546, Thomas Avery, gent. , held a messuage, shop, cellars, 
etc., in the parish of St. Peter's le Poore, London. 

Matthew Avery of Wapping, Parish of St. Mary, at White- 
chapel, Middlesex, England, in will made April 22, 1642, left land in 
Charlestown, N. E. , to wife Anna and son John. Oct. 2, 1656, Anna 
Roberts, (widow of William Roberts, and before that of Matthew 
Avery of Wapping) and John Avery, citizen, barber, chirurgion, 

20 The Groton Avery Clan 

of London, son and heir of Matthew Avery, sold to Jonathan 
Wade, of Ipswich, N. E., in parts beyond the sea, messuage and 
house in Charlestown, N. E., for one hundred pounds. See 
Middlesex Deeds, Cambridge, Mass., vol. 2, pages 70, 92. 

Mr. Benjamin Avery was the English resident in Hamburg in 
the reign of Charles I. His official correspondence is in the Public 
Record Office at London. See Hamburg Correspondence, 16Ji.5-16J^8. 

In the valuation of the estates of the Bishopricks of England 
and Wales, 1647, Bath and Wells, Ben Avery is mentioned as 

North of London, in Leicestershire and Lincolnshire, are 
found a few items relating to the family: 

In Leicestershire, the will of Richard Avery, Enderby, was 
proved in 1537; Peter Avery's of the same place, 1614; William 
Avery of Easton, 1583; Francis Avery of Wicherley, 1587. 

In Lincolnshire, the will of Margery Avery, of Beckingham, 
was proved, 1532; John, Richard, and Robert Avery had wills 
proved, 1600, 1541, and 1520, respectively. The name Robert 
Avery seems to have persisted in that county, for Robert Avery, 
Stubton, had will proved, 1557; Robert Avery, Gosburton, 1594; 
and Robert Avery, Normanton, 1597. 

Turn now to a good map of France and England (e.g.. Maps 
74, 75, and 80 of the Century Atlas) . Remember that most of the 
early English members of the Avery family lived in the extreme 
southwest of the "tight little isle," and that there they were very 
numerous. In the thirteenth and fourteenth centuries, all of 
whom we now have any trace, lived in Cornwall and Devon. 
Notice that these counties are directly north of that part of 
Brittany in which is the ancestral town of Auray and that the dis- 
tance between them is not great. Geography, heraldry, etymology, 
and history join hands and suggest, with common voice, that all 
the Averys of England and France were of the same stock. 



Glossary of Heraldic Terms. — Ajf routes, face to face; argent, 
silver (represented by white) ; azure, blue (represented by hori- 
zontal lines); besant, a gold coin; besantee, sprinkled with small 
besants; chevron, bands meeting like the rafters of a house; chief, 
the upper third of the shield; couchant, crouching; croisette, a little 
cross; fesse, a horizontal band; ganibs, paws; gorged, bearing a 
crown about the neck; gules, red (represented by vertical lines); 
lozenge, rhomb shaped; or, gold (represented by dots); jmle, a 
vertical band; paly, divided into four or more pales of alternating 
colors; sable, black; water-bouget, figure of a vessel for carrying 


Avery of Haddon, County Warwick, England:— (See Figure 
1. ) Argent, six annulets gides, three, tivo and one. 

Avery of Huish, County Somerset; and Enfield, County Mid- 
dlesex:— (See Figure 2.) Gules, a fesse or between three besants. 
Crest— Two lion gamhs or, siipjDorting a besant. 

Avery of Filongley, County Warwick:— (See Figure 3.) Er- 
mine, on a pale engrailed azure three lion heads couped or. 
Crest— A leopard conchant argent besantee, ducally gorged or. 

Avery, coat of arms brought over by Dr. William Avery 
about 1650, to Dedham, Mass. :—( See Figure 4). Gvles, a chev- 
ron or between three besants. Crest — Two lion gambs or sup- 
porting a besant. 

Avery of Enfield, County Middlesex: — Gz^^es, a chevron or 
between three besants, a crescent for difference. Crest— Ttuo lion 
gambs issuant and emboived supp)orting a besant. 

Kyqyy of South Devon:— Three ivater-bougets. 

Every of Wycroft Castle, Axminster, Devon: — 0?^, four chev- 
ronels, gules. Crest— A demi-unicorn couped, gules unguled, and 
maned or. 


G-.T.HQ.Y\ckett, iol. 


The Groton Avery Clan 23 

Colored copies of the first three, with full descriptions, were 
obtained from Henry Gray of London, England; the fourth was 
copied from the original coat of arms in the possession of Mrs. 
Grace Avery Steele, a descendant of William Avery of Dedham; 
the fifth was taken from the ' ' Visitation of Middlesex. " The last 
is found on a mural tablet in St. Stephen's church at Saltash, 
Cornwall, and on another in St. Mary's church at Plymouth, Devon. 
This coat of arms is recorded as belonging to the Avery family 
"long seated and widely spread in the South of Devon." No 
further description of it has been found; it is not included in any 
known list of coats of arms, nor is it known to what Avery family 
it was granted. 


Auvray of Car entan:— Azure, three escallops argent. 

Auvray, lord of Monts, of Mainteville; — Argent, three fleur- 
de-lis or on a chevron azure, betiveen three fir cones sable. 

Auvray, lord of Roque:— Paly of six azure and or, on a chief 
gules a leopard or. 

Auvray, lord of Gondoniere:— Gz^^es, fesse or, in chief two 
roses, in base tivo lions affrontes or. 

Auvray, lord of Dymanville:— Git^es, chevron or betiveen three 
croisettes or. 

Auvray of Bayeaux: — Gules, three escallops argent border of 

Auvray of Avranches: — Lozenge or and azure. 

Auray of Avranches:— Lo2:e?igfe or and azure. (Originated in 
the town of Auray, in Brittany. ) 

(See "Nobiliare de Normandie" by R. De Magny, and a book 
of the same name by G. Ogilvy. ) 

The Groton Averys have no established claim to any coat 
of arms. 



In the seventeenth century, many Averys sought the shores 
of the New World. These may be roughly divided into the fol- 
lowing clans: 

The Groton Branch (descendants of Christopher and James 
Avery, Groton, Conn.) This book contains the history of this 

The Dedham Branch (descendants of Dr. William Avery) . Dr. 
William Avery of Barkham, Berkshire, England, came to New 
England about 1650. He brought with him his wife and three 
children; they had four more born at Dedham, Mass. His de- 
scendants are to be found especially in Massachusetts and Maine. 
His record has been traced back for four generations into Eng- 
land. The history of this family was published by Winslow W. 
Avery of Plymouth, Mass. , in 1893. 

The Portsmouth Branch (descendants of Thomas Avery). 
Thomas Avery, blacksmith, came to America in the "John and 
Mary" in 1633. He was first at Salem, Mass., and afterwards at 
Portsmouth, N. H. His descendants are numerous in New Hamp- 
shire. Some of his descendants are supposed to have been at 
Townsend, Mass. One of these, Robert, left a large family. No 
history of this family has been written, though much material has 
been collected in searching for records of other Averys. 

The Ipswich Branch (descendants of William Averell or Aver- 
ill, called Avery). This William Avery first appears in Ipswich, 
Mass., in 1637. His will, signed Will Averell, is dated 1653. His 
wife's name was Abigail; they had seven children. His son Wil- 
liam had ten sons. Much diflficulty has been experienced in tracing 
this family owing to the various spellings of the name by descend- 
ants. Many Averys of Maine and New York and nearly all the 
Averells and Averills of the United States are descendants of this 
William. There has been a tradition among the Groton Averys 
that their Christopher Avery had a brother William in Massachu- 

American Avery Clans 25 

setts. It was easily proved that William Avery of Dedhani could 
not have been a brother, but it is possible that Christopher of 
Groton and William of Ipswich were akin. Miss Clara A. Avery, 
47 Eliot street, Detroit, Mich., has a history of this clan nearly 
ready for publication. She would like to hear from Averills, Aver- 
ells, Everells, and Averitts. 

The Edward Avery Branch.— The Rev. David Avery, in his 
diary, mentions an Edward Avery, brother of Christopher, who 
settled near Boston and was "the progenitor of a large and re- 
spectable progeny." In the list of original proprietors of Brook- 
haven, Long Island, begun in 1655 by "a good number of emi- 
grants mostly from the neighborhood of Boston," we find the 
name of Edward Avery. He left descendants in western Connec- 
ticut and along the Hudson River; they have gradually extended to 
every state in the Union. Great difficulty has been experienced 
in separating this clan from the Groton clan, owing partly to the 
great similarity of names. Mr. Morris H. Avery, Woonsocket, 
R. I., is collecting all possible data relating to the descendants of 
this Edward Avery. 

Myer Avery Branch.— Myer and Dorcas (Frederick) Avery 
had a son Peter baptized at Poughkeepsie, May 26, 1739, and a 
daughter two years later. The descendants of this Peter Avery 
are scattered through Kentucky, Tennessee, and Missouri. Myer 
Avery may belong to the Edward Avery clan. 

Enoch Avery Branch.— Another line (called the Cross River 
line) claims descent from Enoch Avery, whose son Enoch married 
Dorcas Woolsey in 1765. No connection has been established be- 
tween this branch and the Groton clan. The descendants of the 
three clans last mentioned are very numerous and elusive. 

The Delaware Averys (descendants of Captain John Avery). 
Captain John Avery was in Maryland in 1665. Later he was at 
the Whorekill, Delaware Bay, where he was president-judge. His 
wife's name was Sarah. His only son died without issue. The 
record of the descendants in the female line may be found in the 
genealogy of the Kollock family prepared by Edwin Jacquett 
Sellers of Philadelphia. The history of Captain John Avery, 
president- judge of the Whorekill, has been prepared by Mr. Sel- 
lers for private circulation. 

The Virginia Averys, Averetts, Aviretts, Averitts, Avritts. — 
It is believed that many of the Virginia families under the above 

26 The Groton Avery Clan 

names had a common origin. The Maryland and Virginia records 
show that the following Averys were in that region before 1700; 
Jacob, George, John, Edward, Henry, William, Arthur, Robert 
and Joseph. E. C. Averett, Danville, Virginia, is investigating 
the genealogy and history of these families. 

Dorchester, Maryland, John Avery : One John Avery was at 
Dorchester, Maryland, as early as 1658. From his will and other 
sources, it would appear that he had a wife Anne and a daughter 
of the same name; also a grandchild, John Granger. He seems 
not to have left any descendants of his name. 

Dorchester, Mass., John Avery : Another John Avery ap- 
peared at Dorchester, Massachusetts, as early as 1642, and his will 
was proved in 1654. He seems to have had a brother Lawrence 
and a wife Anne in England. There is no record of any descend- 
■• ants in this country. 

Avery-Everett : The descendants of Josiah Avered, who was 
the son of Israel and Abigail (Morse) Everett, spell their names 
in various ways. One branch, the descendants of Abner Avered, 
now spell the name Avery. This spelling has been followed for 
more than a hundred and fifty years. Much diflficulty has been 
experienced in separating these twigs from the Groton branch. 
The late Edward F. Everett, Boston, Mass. , prepared a history of 
the Everett family which includes this Avery branch. 

We have collected much material relating to these Avery clans. 
Any competent person who will undertake the preparation and 
publication of a history of any of these branches will be welcome 
to all the information that we have relating thereto. 



1. Christopher Avery was born in England; m. about August 
26, 1616, at Ipplepen, Devonshire, Margery Stephens. 

In the opening chapter of Homer D. L. Sweet's history of 
The Averys of Ch'oton (Syracuse, 1894) , it is stated that ' ' Chris- 
topher Avery, a weaver, was born in England about 1590, ' ' that 
he came to New England bringing with him his only son, James, 
and leaving his wife in the mother country. Further than this, 
nothing certain was known concerning him prior to his migra- 
tion. For ten years after the publication of Mr. Sweet's book, 
w^e spent much time and money in a search for some trace of the 
founder of our family. Of the money thus spent, one hundred 
dollars was given for the purpose by Miss Carrie M. Powers of 
Decatur, Illinois. The chief result of these investigations, made 
by expert genealogists in England, was to disprove certain tradi- 
tions as to the locality of Christopher Avery's English home (as at 
Salisbury, etc.), and thus to narrow the field of search and to 
increase the probability of the success of some later effort. 

Some time after the publication of Mr. Sw^eet's book, we re- 
ceived the manuscript of an Avery genealogy, written in 1800 by 
the Rev. David Avery (No. 511), our first family historian. This 
document said that Christopher Avery, a kersey weaver, came 
from Devon. Our attention was thus turned toward Devon, w^hich, 
in the early part of the seventeenth century, was the center of 
the kersey industry in England. In 1903, Mr. Charles A. Hoppin 
Jr., a well known genealogist who was making an investigation 
in England at the expense of Trueman G. Avery of Buffalo, found 
the record of Christopher Avery's marriage license and thus 
opened the door for the discovery of further facts concerning him 
and his wife. See map facing page 6. 

August 6, 1613, at Newton Abbott, Devon, the inventory of 
the estate of a Christopher Avery was exhibited. It was dated 


The Groton Avery Clan 

July 26, 1613, and made mention of "Too pare of loums and cer- 
tayne Implements to his trade belongeing." Thus we know that 
the testator was a weaver. His "relicte", Johann Avery, was 
made administrator of the estate. This Christopher Avery, the 
father of Christopher the emigrant, was of Torbrian, in the arch- 
deaconry of Totnes. One of the witnesses to the above mentioned 
inventory was Hugh Sweete, whose name later appears on two 
other documents which may relate to our Christopher Avery. 

Among the marriage licenses, diocese of Exeter, Devon, Eng- 
land, Bishop's registry, city of Exeter, at the cathedral, is found 
the following, of great interest to us: 

"1616, Aug. 26. Christopher Avery e of Iplepen and Margery Stephens 
of Abbotts Kersivell." 


This Christopher Avery of Ipplepen is he who later left Devon 
with his only son to become the founder of a great family in the 
New World. Ipplepen and Torbrian are but a few miles apart. It 
is probable that the marriage took place in the church still stand- 
ing at the former place. The register of that church for that 
period is sadly mutilated but it seems to show that our Christopher 
had a brother John, who had a son John, who was baptized on the 
fourth of June, 1616. Other members of the Avery and Stephens 

First Generation— Christopher Avery 29 

families lived in that vicinity. Mr. Hoppin seems to think that 
Edward and Margaret Stephens of Kingswear were the parents of 
the wife of Christopher Avery. Edward Stephens was a mariner 
who died in 1626. His inventory was exhibited at Totnes in 
December of that year. The witness thereto was Hugh Sweete 
whose name it will be remembered was appended to the inventory 
of Christopher Avery's estate. Margaret Stephens died in 1643, 
at which time she was called of Brixham. 

One William Avery, of Buckland, tanner, transferred to his 
son John, December 14, 1623, all of his goods for 10s. and an in- 
terest in certain parcels of land, "ye medow and rake hey." One 
of the witnesses to this document was Christopher Avert, probably 
Avery, as the original paper might show. Thomasine, the "relick " 
of William Avery, administered his estate, Feb. 15, 1624-25, when 
he was called ''of Sampford." The witness to the administration 
was Hugh Sweete who had witnessed the inventories of the estates 
of Christopher Avery and of Edward Stephens. If Hugh Sweete 
knew these persons, they probably knew each other. Others of 
that name in Ipplepen were Theophilus and Richard Stephens, 
weavers, Agnes, Johann, Jeffrey, John, Ebbott, and Thomas 
Stephens. The earliest known Avery will from Ipplepen is that of 
Johann Avery, made in 1597, but there were Averys in that town 
before that time. 

We have no certain information as to the time when Christo- 
pher Avery left England for America. In the opening chapter 
of Mr. Sweet's book, to which reference has already been made, 
I mentioned two traditions relating to the matter. ' ' One is that 
he came from Salisbury, Wilts County, England, in the ' Arbella ' 
with [Gov.] Winthrop, and landed at Salem, Mass., June 12, 1630. 
Another tradition is that he came over with the younger Winthrop 
in 1631, and that, on the voyage, the subsequent governor of Con- 
necticut formed a strong and life-long attachment for Christopher 
Avery's young son, James." For a dozen years, we have been 
looking for some confirmation of either of these traditions, but 
without success. We know that he left Devon ; we do not know 
when. We know that his wife Margery did not accompany him; 
we do not know why. We know that his only son James did come 
with him. It is possible that he sailed from Plymouth or from 
Dartmouth, the chief ports of Devon, Out of Devon had gone 
Drake and Hawkins and Ralegh and many lesser adventurers to 

30 The Groton Avery Clan 

seek fame and fortune in the New World. Devon men were ever 
longing to tempt the dangers of the deep. 

We next find Christopher Avery at the fishing establishment 
at Cape Ann in the colony of Massachusetts Bay. He may have 
come over sea with some fishermen on some summer voyage and 
remained. Tor Bay in Devon, is the great trawling region of 
England, and Brixham, only a few miles from Ipplepen, bears the 
same relation to England that Gloucester (Cape Ann) does to New 
England. The administration of her estate shows that Margaret 
Stephens, the mother of Christopher Avery's wife, was living 
at Brixham in 1642. 

"Who would not, will not, if he can, 
Bathe in the breezes of fair Cape Ann- 
Rest in the bowers her bays enfold. 
Loved by the sachems and squaws of old ? 
Home where the white magnolias bloom. 
Sweet with the bayberry's chaste perfume, 
Hugged by the woods and kissed by the sea— 
Where is the Eden like to thee ? " 

In his History of the Town of Gloucester (Gloucester, 1860), 
Mr. Babson says (page 50) : 

"At a General Court, October, 1641, commissioners were appointed to view 
and settle the bounds of Ipswich, Cape Ann and Jeffi'ies' Creek (now 
Manchester) ; and the Deputy-governor (Mr. Endicott) and Messrs 
Downing and Hathome, deputies from Salem, or any two of them, 
were appointed to dispose of all lands and other things at Cape Ann. 
Pursuant to this authority, as the town records declare, 'the first 
ordering, settling, and disposing of lots was made by Mr. Endicott 
and Mr. Downing, commissioners, 2d month, 1642.' " 

At the time of this disposal of lots, Christopher Avery was at 
Cape Ann as appears in the record of ' ' Lands given and disposed 
of and to whom," written in the town-book of Gloucester: 

2 mo 42. "Hugh Calkins hath given . . . 

Item 2 acres of marsh in Anesquam bought of Thomas Cornish lying 
betwixt Goodman Wakeley and Christopher Averie by the sea beach 

This is the first trace of Christopher Avery in America that we 
have found. How long he had been at Cape Ann, prior to this 
date, April, 1642, we do not know. In the following May, the set- 
tlement was established as a plantation and called Gloucester. 
From the same old town record, we copy the following entries: 

First Generation— Christopher Avery 31 

9 mo 45. "William Hough . . . has 6 acres of the 19th Lott of upland on 
planters neck lying between Christopher Averie and that lot which was 
Mr. [WiUiam] Stevens, the 18th lott." 

Query. — Was this Mr. Stevens from Devon and was he of the 
family of Christopher Avery's wife ? 

7 mo 47. "3 acres of marsh lying by the Island now in the hands of Cap- 
tain Perkins at the southwest end lyeing by that pee of marsh left for 
the teaching elders and next to the two pscUs of marsh one acre of 
Captain Perkins" to Christopher Avery. 

1 mo 49. "Walter Tybott is given 4 akers of upland with the marsh be- 
fore next to Christopher Averie. ..." 

5 mo 49. "Christopher Averie hath given him 4 akers of upland and half 
a house lott lying between Edward Rouse and Walter Tybott that 
now is. 

Item 3 akers of marsh running up to the beach and lying between Mr. 
Stevens and Hugh Calkins at the higher end of Annesquam River 
Item 3 akers of marsh at Chebacco. ' ' 

25:6:51. "Christopher Avery bought of James Avery his sonne all his 
rights or possessions, as well houses as lands, marshes as uplands, 
abroad as well as at home, lying within ye bounds of Gloster, and 
being in ye possession of ye said James Avery, sonne to the said 
Christopher, together with all the appurtenances or privileges thereto 
belonging ye 25, ye 6, 1651." 

4. 8. 1651. "Cristofer Averie hath given a parcle of land to him to make 
his fences goe strait from the corner of his fences which was formerly 
Jeames Smiths and so to be carried strait to the end of the marsh at 
the head of the cove so far as his marsh goeth." 

29 10 mo. 51. "Given unto William Stevens by the Town eight acres of 
marsh the northern end butting to that which was Christopher Averies 
at the sea beach in Annesquam River." 

27:4:52. "John Harding bought of William Sargent ... 4 akers of up- 
land lying on the south side of Philip Stainwood's land. 
3 acres of salt marsh in Anesquam running along the beach. 
3 acres of marsh in Chebacco— all of which land was given by the 
town to Christopher Avery." 

12:12:1652. "William Walker sould to Christofer Avery 2 akers of upland 
lying in the harbor at the head of the house lots." 

12:12:1652. "Christopher Avery sould to William Walker 3 acres of marsh 
in Chebacco bounded with Goodman Evelyn's marsh on the north and 
Thomas Skelin his marsh on the east and a beach on the southwest. 
This was formerly given to James Avery. 

Item to acres which was given to Christopher Avery which is the 2 lott 
in number bounded with Zebulon Hills marsh on the northeast and James 
Babcock's marsh on the southeast and butts northerly upon an island." 

32 The Groton Avery Clan 

Query.— Does not the fact that Christopher Avery had been 
given lot No. 2 also indicate that he was one of the original set- 
tlers of Gloucester ? 

5th of 8th mo. 1653. ' ' Christo Avery have sould to Thorn Bray 3 acres of 
salt marsh lying near Bisker Island." . . . 

As already shown, Christopher Avery had land adjoining the 
land of Hugh Calkins. He also had, on Fisherman's field, land 
that he sold to Elias Parkman, as will subsequently appear. 

The fact that Christopher Avery was ' ' living absent from his 
wife" was not to be overlooked in a community that was under 
the domination of the Massachusetts theocracy of that period. 
The orthodox clergy ruled in things secular as well as in things 
spiritual and, under their guidance, courts and town meetings 
regulated the daily life of each member of the community and 
interfered in the management of his domestic affairs in a way 
that would not be tolerated now. Nothing was too trival for grave 
consideration by even the highest authority in the colony. For 
example, the records and files of the Salem court show: 

30:10:1647. "Richard Windrow of Gloster fined for cursing, saying, 'There 
are the brethren, the Devil scald them.' " 

26:10:1649. " Mathew Stanley for drawing away the affections of the 
daughter of John Tarboxx his wife without liberty first obteyned of her 

30:4:1653. "Theophilus Salter fined five pounds for making love to Mary 
Smith and seeking to marry her without the consent of her friends." 

26:10:1649. " Mary Oliver for speaking against the Governor saying he 
was unjust. Sentenced to be whipped not exceeding twenty lashes. 

10 mo. 1652. "Mrs. Holgrave of Gloster presented for reproachful and 
unbecoming speeches against Mr. William Perkins, an officer of the 
church, viz: 'yt it were not ffor the law she would never come to the 
meeting the Teacher was soe dead & accordinglye she did seldome come 
& withall pswaded Goodwife Vincent to come to her house on the Sab- 
bath daye & reade good bookes affirming that the Teacher was flSter 
to be a Ladyes chamberman than to be in ye pulpit.' Fined and to 
confess it at Gloster pubHckly." 

10 mo. 1652. "Alice, daughter of william flflint of Salem, presented for 
wearing silk hood. He was proved to be worth over £200 and she was 

29:4:1652. "John Brackenbury of Salem presented for wearing point and 

30:9:1652. " Marke Hoskall of Salem fined for excess in his apparel, wear- 
ing broad lace." 

First Generation— Christopher Avery 33 

^>-^.A:-\ ^, 


34 The Groton Avery Clan 

30:9:1652. "Henry Bullocke of Salem fined for excess in his apparel in 

boots, ribbons, gold and silver lace." 
30:9:1652. " Richard Greene of Lynn fined for wearing silver lace." 
30:4:1653. "John Tompkins wife fined for wearing a silk hood." 

Many such entries appear in the records. 
27:9:1655. "John Beall fined for absence from meeting." 

The above is only one of many such. 

"Constable of Salem to have two shiUings and sixpence for those they 

whip." (29:9:1653.) 
29:9:1656. "William Everton presented for drinking tobacco near a barn 

without a door. He is at sea." 

Many were fined for drinking tobacco (i.e., smoking) on the 


In the Ipswich court records we read: 

24:7:1650. "Thomas Scott did not come to make known that he had 
learned Mr. Norton's catechism." 

From the Essex quarterly records and files one may learn: 

27:10:1642. "Christopher Avery was presented for living absent from his 

13:6:1647. "Christopher Avery and Richard Windrow presented for living 
from their wives. Witness, WiUiam Vincent, Andrew Lester." 

1653. ' ' Christopher Avery of Gloster presented for many years for living 
from his wife, she living in England. Witness Robert Brooks of Glos- 
ter and his wife." 

Fortunately, the defendant's culpability in this matter was 
determined by the highest authority in the colony. 

Oct. 19. 1654. "Christopher Auery being fined 20 H, at Ipswich Court for 
liuing from his wife, vppon his pet to this Court, being aged & poore 
& havinge vsed meanes to pcure his wife hither, his fine is remitted." 
(Mass. Rec, 3:361^.) 

"In ansr to the peticon of Christopher Awerey, the Court, vnderstanding 
the peticoner is very poore and aged, having nothing to pay, and that 
he has vsed his endeavor to have his wife brought ouer to him, judge 
meete to remitt his fine and that his peticon is receaved freely." 
{Mass. Rec, A:210.) 

This seems to have put an end to the official consideration of the 
' ' absence. ' ' We have found no further allusion to it. In 1648, the 
above mentioned Richard Windrow was again presented for living 
from his wife. He proved that she was dead and was discharged. 

First Generation — Christopher Avery 35 

Under the conditions then existing, public policy demanded the 
presence of wives in the new plantation, public sentiment was in 
accord therewith, and nearly every inhabitant was ready to act 
as public prosecutor in such cases. In consequence, we find a 
great many records of men presented for living from their wives; 
often as many as nine or ten in one short session; often as many 
as five or six in one group. 

Additional to the offense above mentioned was his evident 
lack of sympathy with the ministers. The Salem quarterly court 
records show — 

"11:7:1649. Christopher Avery presented for speaking scoffingly of Mr. 
BHnman. The return of the constable says the defendant has gone 
to Boston to Hve. " 

We do not know what authority the constable had for such a 
return, for we have abundant evidence that Christopher Avery 
lived at Gloucester several years after that. Mr. Blinman, the 
minister in question, was a not altogether amiable character. His 
record at New Plymouth and Gloucester shows that, at each place, 
he had trouble with members of his flock more serious than that 
above recorded. John Winthrop writes concerning Mr. Blinman 
at Green Harbor: "But ere the yere was expired there fell out 
differences among them, which could by no means be reconciled, 
so they agreed to part. " Jonathan Brewster, writing from Pequot 
(New London) in 1657, says of Mr. Blinman: "but his perverse 
will, who can endure noe opposition or contradiction, but in a way 
episcopall & tiranicall, if he had power to his will, both in Church 
& Towne, that I professe he is not very qualifyed for a pastor 
in way of government ". (See New England Historical and Gene- 
alogical Register, vol. 54, p. 41.) It seems that in some matter 
under discussion Brewster had opposed the minister's judgment, 
and the town had declared that except the latter ' ' would practice 
that conclusion, the[y] would not paie his maintenance." The 
matter was adjusted and Blinman was asked to stay. "After in 
his publick teachings," says Brewster, "he throwed balles of fyer 
against particular persons & espetially against myself, thoughe 
not named, that gave great offence. ' ' Matters grew from bad to 
worse and the angry pastor left New London. 

But there was evidently something the matter with Christopher 
Avery more serious than his personal dislike for Pastor Blin- 

ddJ^'^ f^^^ t 

36 The Groton Avery Clan 

man. The same court records show the bond of Christopher 
Avery and Richard Beford to Robert Lord, marshal, conditioned 
that said Avery shall appear at the Ipswich court to answer Mr. 
William Perkins, 17:7:1653. His signature to this bond is here 

given in facsimile. He is charged 
dth speaking in town meeting against 
person and ministry of Mr. 
William Perkins, their teacher, i.e., 
assistant minister. Witnesses: William Evans, Richard Beford, 
William Vincent, Edward Mils. 

After much investigation and deliberation, we have come to the 
conclusion that Christopher Avery was more in sympathy with 
the church established in England than he was with the church 
established in Massachusetts. The number of persons in the col- 
ony at this time who were similarily disaffected is much larger 
than is generally understood— thanks to the biased writings of 
New England's school of filio-pietistic historians.* 

In 1631, this theocracy had excluded all but members of the 
established church from the right of full and free suffrage. At 
that time, the Massachusetts general court set up this religious 

"To the end that the body of the commons may be preserved of honest 
and good men, it was likewise ordered and decreed that for time to 
come no man shall be admitted to the freedom of this body polliticke but 
such as are members of some of the [recognized, i.e., Congregational] 
churches within the lymitts of the same. ' ' 

This limited active colonial citizenship to church members. In 
1660, the general court declared that only those who were in 
full communion with the ' ' orthodox ' ' churches could be freemen. 
In 1664, under pressure from the government of England, this 
rule was slightly modified, but practically there was no change in 
the system until the overthrow of the Massachusetts charter in 
1668. It should be understood that town-meeting suffrage was 
not strictly limited to freemen. The "Inhabitants" of the town 
constituted a larger class that included the "Freemen". On 

*As I am a member of a Congregational church and have lineal descent 
from some of the most prominent members of the early Massachusetts theo- 
cratic government, I probably feel a greater freedom in speaking of the Con- 
gregational hierarchy than I otherwise should. —E. M. A. 

First Generation— Christopher Avery 37 

many purely local questions all inhabitants might vote, but on 
matters of more general application, such as the election of magis- 
trates and deputies to the general court, the admission of ' ' inhabi- 
tants ' ' to the town, the laying out of lands, and the like, only 
freemen were permitted to vote. Thus was the great majority 
of the men of Massachusetts excluded from the higher rights 
of active citizenship — a significant illustration of the aristocratic 
tendency of the Puritan church-state system. 

In 1646, Robert Child, Samuel Maverick, David Yale (the 
father of the founder of a great American university) and others, 
sent to the Massachusetts general court a remonstrance and peti- 
tion setting forth: 

" There are many thousands in these plantations of the English nation, 
freeborne, quiett, and peaceable men, righteous in their dealings, for- 
ward with heart, hand and purse to advance the public good . . . who 
are debarred from all civil employments (without any just cause that 
we know) not being permitted to bear the least office (though it can- 
not be denyed that some are well qualified) , no not so much as to have 
any votes in chooseing magistrates, captains, or other civill and mili- 
tary officers, and that there are divers sober, righteous and godly men, 
eminent for knowledge and their gracious gifts of the holy spirit, noe 
wayes scandalous in their lives and conversation, members of the 
church of England (in all ages famous for piety and learning) not dis- 
senting from the latest and best reformation in England, Scotland, &c. 
yet they and their posterity are deteined from the seales of the cove- 
nant of free grace because as it is supposed, they will not take these 
churches covenants, for which as yet they see no light in God's word 
. . . we therefore humbly entreat you ... to give liberty to the 
members of the church of England, not scandalous in their lives and 
conversations to be taken into your congregation and enjoy with you 
all those liberties and ordinances Christ hath purchased for them and 
into whose name they are baptized; ... if not, we and they shall be 
necessitated to apply our humble desires to the honorable Houses of 

A few years before this, the Long Parliament had abolished 
episcopacy in England, and the authors of this apparently reason- 
able petition were charged with going about ' ' to set up the same 
things according to Presbytery." Moreover, these petitioners, 
who urged that they were required, under penalty, to go to the 
Congregational church every Lord's day, often to linger there to 
see administered to other men's children baptism that was denied 
to their own, and to contribute to the maintenance of ministers 

38 The Groton Avery Clan 

' ' who vouchsafed not to take them into their flock though desir- 
ous of the ordinances of God," these men saw their petition dis- 
missed as httle less than treason, and were subjected to repeated 
fines, and some of them to six months' imprisonment. It is better 
here to pass over in silence the treatment that the Massachusetts 
theocracy measured out to such "heretics" as the Anabaptists 
and the Quakers, In such an atmostphere as this, we need little 
wonder that a man like Christopher Avery, probably not over 
"spiritually minded" and yet, possibly like Roger Williams, 
somewhat "conscientiously contentious," would, now and then, 
let slip an injudicious expression of an honest opinion that got 
him into trouble, or that, until 1652, he refused to submit himself 
to church fellowship and discipline in order to become a freeman 
of the colony. 

Whether the foregoing is or is not an accurate exposition of 
the causes of his scoffing and of his digression from the Puritan 
path, the Gloucester town records plainly show that Christopher 
Avery had the esteem and confidence of the majority of the in- 
habitants, as witnesseth the following from the Gloucester town 
records, vol. 1: 

"Upon the 4th day of the 10th month 1646, Thomas Wakeley, Hugh Cal- 
kins, will Vinson, John Collins, and Christopher Averie were chosen 
by the Towne for ordering of all Towne affaires." 

"27 November, 1650, Mr. Stevens and Christopher Avery were at a Towne 
meeting chosen by ye Towne to supply ye places which were voyd by 
ye death of Walter Tybott and departure of Mr. Hough." 

"28:8:1651. Christopher Averie is chosen to be a measurer to lay out 
Lottes granted by the Townsmen." 

"1652. William Stevens, Robert Tucker, Robert Elwell, Christer Averie, 
George IngersoU are chosen by the Towne for the ordering of the 
Towne affaires." 

" 3 :2 :1653. Christopher Averie and John Collins measure the meeting house 

"1654. Christopher Avery, John Hardin, Robert Elwell, Richard Wind- 
row, Samuel Dolliver, are chosen to take charge of the Towne 

In the Essex County court records and files we find this: 

"28:10:1647. Christopher Avery sworn constable of Gloucester." 

In the Salem quarterly court records and files we note some of 
the other offices held by Christopher Avery: 

C^y^^y^/^ cfi^^ 

First Generation — Christopher Avery 39 

"Court 29:4:1652. 

"Christopher Avery and Silvester Everly of Gloster sworn freemen." 
"Christopher Avery chosen and sworn clerk of the band of Gloster." 
"Christopher Avery chosen and sworn clerk of the market of Gloster. " 

The original inventory of the estate of William Southmead, 
taken 16:12:1648, by William Adies and Christopher Avery is on 

file in the Salem 
court. The signa- 
ture of Christo- 
pher Avery, taken 
from that docu- 
ment, is here given in facsimile; the "first scratch of his pen" 
that has ever been known to his living descendants. 

Prior to this, the son, James Avery, had left Gloucester and 
settled at Pequot Plantation on the Thames River, Connecticut. 
About 1655, Christopher Avery left Gloucester for Boston, where 
the town records show: 

"30:5:55. Christopher Avery is admitted an inhabitant." 

About this time, Christopher Avery disposed of his lands at 
Gloucester, as the following records show: 

1 mo. 56-57. Christopher Avery sold to Elias Parkman "... 4 pole of 
Ground which the towne gave to Christopher Avery lyinge at Mr. Hol- 
graves house end in which he bilded a littell house." 

With this he sold to the same Elias Parkman, 

' ' 2 acres of land in ffishermans ffield and 2 acres of land lying at the head 
of the house lotts in the head of the harbour at the end of Thomas 
Princes lots northwest and 6 rods square lyinge betwist Phineas Rider 
and goodman Jones his land to him and his eares forever." 

"the 5th of the 3 month, 1658." Christopher Avery doth 
sell and record unto Nicholas Marshall, 

"my house and land lying in Gloucester near Thomas Skellians containing 
in marsh 11 or 12 acres more or less with the house and land belonging 
to it 2 acres of the land being at the head of Thomas Skellians house 

On the 18th of March, 1659, Christopher Avery, weaver, 
bought of John and Luce Samuell, for the sum of forty pounds, 
a home in what is now the business center of Boston. The lot 
was twenty-six by forty-six feet and was located at what is now 
the center of the post-office building that faces on Devonshire 

40 The Groton Avery Clan 

street. The famous old spring that gave the name Spring Lane 
and that is now preserved under the post-ofRce was near. Chris- 
topher Avery did not retain this property a great while for, on the 
"two and twentieth day of march one thousand Sixe hundred 
Sixty & three," he sold the place to Ambrose Dew for forty 
pounds. There had evidently been no increase in the value of the 
property during the time that he held it. 
The property is thus described: 

" The one moyty or halfe part of theire dwelling house scittuate and being 
in Boston aforesaid videljzt the North end thereof conteyning one Un- 
der roome a chamber ouer the same and a vane roofe ouer that wth. 
a seller vnder sajd Roome according as is marked and layd out by 
Leftennant Richard Cooke and Peter Oliuer wth all the Chimneys be- 
longing to the North end of sajd house so farre as by the sajd Cooke 
and Oliuer is marked out with so much of the Leanto as extends to 
the sajd dividing marke of the sajd chimmeys wth the Ground on sajd 
North end of the sajd house also the Ground on both sides the sajd 
house to extend so farre vpon a square from the sajd North end as the 
sajd dividing marke of the sajd chimneys which Ground was likewise 
lajd out by the sajd Cooke & oliuer which ground so marked out as 
aforesaid for the sajd Avery is bounded & fronts next the streete west 
likewise bounded with the land of Mathew Coy north wth the orchard 
of Henry Bridgeham east and wth the residew or rest of the land 
belonging to the other half of the sajd house remayning in the hands 
and possession of them the sajd John Samuell and Luce his sajd wife 
South which sajd house wth the appurtenances they the sajd John 
Samuell and Luce his sajd wife purchased of Captaine James Johnson 
as in the deede by the sajd Johnson vnto them sealed bearing date the 
thirtieth day of January in the yeare of our Lord one thousand sixe 
hundred fiff ty sixe appeareth. ' ' (Siijffolk Deeds, 3:2H. ) 

Christopher Avery soon followed his son James to Pequot on the 
Thames, now New London. August 8, 1665, he there purchased 
a house, orchard, and lot of Robert Burrows. This land after- 
wards passed into possession of his only child, James Avery, who, 
in turn, deeded it to his four sons, James, Thomas, John, and 
Samuel. Some of this land, if not all of it, was situated on the 
"Great Neck." On the sixth of June, 1666, the county court 
freed Christopher Avery from training on account of his age. 
The name of Christopher Avery is found on the jury list for the 
county court under date of June 5, 1667. On the fourteenth of 
October, 1669, Christopher Avery, and his grandson, James 
Avery, were made freemen of the colony, by the general court of 


42 The Groton Avery Clan 

Christopher Avery brought with him from the old country a 
Bible, known as the Breeches Bible, the seventh verse of the 
third chapter of Genesis reading as follows: 

" Then the eyes of them both were opened and they knew that they were 
naked, and they sewed figge tree leaves together and made themselves 

This Bible has descended from father to son and is now the prop- 
erty of the widow of James Oliver Avery of San Francisco. 

The town clerk of New London, Charles Hill, made this record: 
"Christopher Avery's death, vide near the death of Mother 
Brewster, ' ' but the date of her death does not appear. Thomas 
Minor's diary records that Christopher Avery was buried March 
12, 1679. 

Child of Christopher and Margery (Stephens) Avery: 

2. i. James' Avery, b. about 1620, in England. 



2. Captain James' Avery {Christopher^) was b. about 1620, in 
England; m. 1st, November 10, 1643, at Boston, Joanna Green- 
slade ; m. 2d, July 4, 1698, Abigail, widow of Joshua Holmes. 

Captain James Avery is often spoken of as the founder of the 
family or clan that we call the Groton Averys. That he was the 
only child of Christopher Avery is plainly seen by the following 
entry on the books of the county court of New London, Connec- 
ticut, November 24, 1683: 

"Capt. James Avery appearing in this Court and there Declaring himself 
the only sonn & heir of his Father Mr. Christopher Avery deceased 
and that there was neither sonn or Daughter but himself was sole heir 
and he desiring this court would so constitute him and give him power 
of administration upon the said estate of his father deceased. This 
Court having duly considered what hath been alleadged do approve of 
the same and judge the said Capt. James Avery to be the right and 
full heir to the said estate and do give him power of administrator to 
the estate of Mr. Christopher Avery his deceased father. 

Attest Charles Hill Rec." 

James Avery came to America with his father and lived at 
Gloucester for several years. He was married November 10, 1643, 
as appears by the records of Gloucester: 

''James Avery married to Joane November 10, 1643." 

That her name was Joane Greenslade is learned from her letter of 
dismissal from the church at Boston to the one at Gloucester in 
1644. The first volume of admissions of the First Church of 
Boston contains what little information we have been able to glean 
concerning Joane Greenslade. On page 63 is a list of six names 
of whicli hers stands third among the admissions as follows: 

"The 18th day of ye 4th Moneth 1643 
Joan Greenslade, a single woman." 

On page 66 of the same volume is an entry showing her dis- 
missal to the church of Gloucester: 

44 The Groton Avery Clan 

"The 17th day of ye 1st Moneth 1644 Our Sister Joan Greenslade now ye 
wife of one James Averill of Gloster had granted hir by ye Churches 
silence Ires of Recomend to ye Church at Gloster. ' ' 

She, however, seems to have retained her connection with the 
First Church at Boston, for on page 97 of the book of admissions 
is the record: 

"oe Sister Joan Avery wth ye Consent of ye whole church was dismist 
unto ye church of christ at Pekot on ye 31 of ye 6th mo 1651." 

This is the earliest reference to the Church of Christ at Pe- 
quot (New London) that has been found, and shows that there 
was a regularly organized church there before August 31, 1651. 
The earliest date that the Rev. S. Leroy Blake, in his chapter 
on the origin of this church, was able to quote is August 28, 1654. 
The probabilities are that the church emigrated in a body from 
Gloucester, as Mr. Blake suggests, but the first member of the 
church at New London of whom we have positive and document- 
ary evidence is Joane Avery. Nothing is known of her ancestry. 
A petition with the following heading: 

"1663, July 4, A Declaration of ye Townes of Scarborow & Tfalmouth 
Black point & Casco to be Presented to ye Hond Court att York," 

carries numerous signatures, including that of Thomas Greenslad. 
At that time the province of Maine was claimed by the heirs of Sir 
Ferdinando Gorges and by the colony of Massachusetts Bay, the 
struggle for jurisdiction ending in favor of the Bay Colony in 1677. 
A possible relationship between Thomas Greenslad and Joane 
Greenslade is suggested by the fact that the first born son of the 
latter was named James (for the husband) and that the second 
born was named Thomas. Hotton's List of Early Emigrants has 
the following: 

_ " Samuel Greensilde aged 27 and Barbary his wife aged 35, with 2 children, 
Mary and Barbara came over in 1637. A weaver from Norwich. ' ' 

Among those who were granted permission to go from the Barba- 
does to Antigua, Hotton records the following: 

"Greenslatt Thomas [October 7, 1679] in the Sloop true friendship for 


Charles Kallahane, Comandr. " 

It has also been stated that Joane's father was an Edward Green- 
slade of Boston, but of him nothing has been learned. The 

Second Generation— James Avery 45 

Greenslades of England are a distinctively Devon family and very 
numerous there, anciently and at present. 

James Avery was early a land owner at Gloucester as is 
shown by extracts from the town book containing an account of 
"Land laid out and to whom: " 

9 mo. [16]45. "Andrew Listei- had 8 acres of upland upon Planter's Neck, 

running from Lobster Cove to the sea, the 24th lott next to James 

Averies. " 
1 mo. [16]47. "James Averie Given 6 acres of upland at the hed of 

Little River to be laide out." 
26. 3. [16]5L "Also the said Richard Beefor bought of James Avery 

three acres of upland." 
15. 10. [16] 53. James Avery had marsh at Chebacco. 

The following items are from the Salem quarterly court records 
and files: 

1:11; 1645. James Avery of Gloucester took the oath of freeman. 
25: 10; 1649. James Averey grand juryman from Gloster. 
24: 4; 1650. James Averey grand juryman. 

About this time James Avery determined to join those who 
were seeking homes at Pequot (New London, Conn.). Miss Caul- 
kins's History of Netv London, p. 67, says: 

' ' On the nineteenth of October, 1650, grants were made by the townsmen 
to ' Mr. Blynman, Obadiah Bruen, Hughe Calkin, Hughe Roberts, John 
Coite, Andrew Lester, James Averye, Robert Isbell. ' " 

"These were all from Gloucester, a town on the eastern coast of Massa- 
chusetts, situated upon the peninsula of Cape Ann. Mr. Richard 
Blinman had been the minister of Gloucester for eight years, and was 
now engaged to become the minister of the Pequot plantation. The 
others were a party of his friends who purposed to move with him, 
and came to make preparatory arrangements." 

It appears that James Avery went back to Gloucester, sold his 
possessions there to his father, and, in 1651, returned to New 
London. In March of that year, the main body of these eastern 
emigrants arrived. 

"Early in 1651, New Street, in the rear of the town plot, was opened for 
the accommodation of the Cape Ann company. This position was 
designated as ' beyond the brook and the ministry lot. ' It was carved 
into house lots and took the name of Cape Ann Lane. The lots on 
this street were nine in number, of six acres each, extending both 
sides of the narrow street, from the alder swamp in front to Cedar 
Swamp on the west. Beginning at the lower end, Hugh Calkins had 
the first lot by the Lyme road, or highway to Nahantick, as it was 
then called, and next to him was his son-in-law, Hugh Roberts; then 
Coite, Lester, Avery, AUyn, Meades, Hough, Isbell." (Hist, of Neiv 
London, p. 71.) 

46 The Groton Avery Clan 

The lots on Cape Ann Lane were inconvenient and dreary and 
the soil was hard to cultivate. The settlers soon abandoned the 
land to pasturage or waste and found other homesteads. In the 
New London book of grants is a record of the various parcels 
given to James Avery. The following are some of the grants: 

"March 15, 1650-51. James Avery hath given him by ye Townsmen of 
Pequot two acres of meadow lying in Quaganapoxet bounded toward 
the north by Ralph Parkers and toward ye southwest by Robert Allen 
the length being 28 poles from ye upland and twelve poles in breadth 
more or less laid out by ye measurers. 

Also he hath given him six acres of upland for a hous-lot toward ye south- 
west side of ye brook that runns into ye coave called close coave and 
toward ye northwest side of Andrew Lester's lott and toward ye south- 
east side of Robert Allen's house lott forty poles long and twenty-four 
poles broad being the fifth lot in new street. 

April 20, 1651. Also he hath given him by ye Townsmen two acres of up- 
land more to his house lot and adjoining to it. 

Nov. 9, 1651. Also he hath given him by ye Townsmen twenty acres of 
upland upon ye east side of ye greate river the westerly end of his 
lott butting upon it and from . . . lying betwixt the lotts Andrew 
Lester on ye south and Robert Allen on ye north. 

Dec. 2, 1651. He has also given him eight acres of the ground from the 
common fields lying towards the south side of Richard Houghton's lott. 

He hath also given him twenty acres of upland upon ye Skull plaine lying upon 
the southward of Robert Allen's lott bounded toward ye east with a run 
of water and toward the west by a brook twenty acres more or less. 

He hath also given him twenty acres of upland more or less at Nahantic by 
ye southward and butting upon Andrew Lester's lott and ye northward 
end upon John Stevens lott bounded by ye river on ye eastward side 
and with ye common on ye westward side twenty acres more or less. 

1652, February 14. James Avery hath given him two hundred and fifty 
acres of upland more or less lying at Mistick bounded toward the east 
by land given to Mr. Winthrop twenty poles from the river and toward 
the west by land given to George Harwood towards the south by the 
foot path which goes from Mistick river toward the sound and toward 
the north bounded by ye common. 

1652, September 28. He hath also given him a grant of meadow called 
little owl meadow upon ye northward of ye mill brook. 

At the same time he had given him sixteen acres of upland. 

1652, December 15. There was also given to him and to James 
Morgan, Andrew Lester, Will Header, Will Hough, Robert Allen, 
and Robert Deball, part of a swamp at "ye westward of weaver 
Smith's lot in ye said swamp out of which weaver Smith has his 
land out. " In 1661, he received twenty acres of upland. In 1653, 
he sold his land in the first division to Mr. Blinman. About this 
time he was granted a farm in South Groton. He however contin- 
ued to live with his family on the west side of the great river. 













The Groton Avery Clan 

Early in 1653, he secured another farm, one of the Pocketannock 
grants, further up the river and in what is now the town of Led- 
yard. About 1656, he built and occupied the ' ' Hive of the Averys, ' ' 
at the head of Poquonock Plain, in the present town of Groton, a 
mile and a half from the River Thames, 

In June, 1684, the old Blinman edifice at New London, "the 
unadorned church and watch-tower of the wilderness, was sold to 


Captain James Avery for six pounds, with the condition that he 
should remove it in one month's time." According to tradition, 
it was taken down and its materials were carried by river and sound 
and added to the house he had already built at the head of Poquo- 
nock Cove. In spite of this analytic and synthetic process, the 
house seems to have retained something of its sacred character. 
A century later, "the same timbers, the same boards, joyfully re- 
sounded once more to the ancient but well remembered voices 
of exhortation and praise." (See frontispiece. ) 

With its charming situation, the old time combination consti- 
tuted one of the most interesting and picturesque residences in 

Second Generation — James Avery 


the country. This historic home never passed into alien hands, 
being- continously occupied by James Avery or some of his de- 
scendants until it was destroyed by fire on the night of the twen- 
tieth of July, 1894. 

Soon after the destruction of the "Old Hive," the Avery 
Memorial Association was incorporated. It received the old home- 


stead site by deed of gift from the owner, James Denison Avery, 
and there erected a granite memorial in what is now known as 
the Avery Memorial Park. The shaft is surmounted by a bronze 
bust, representing the builder of the "Old Hive." The bust is of 
heroic size and represents the founder as a typical Puritan, magis- 
trate, and Indian fighter. It was designed by the noted sculptor, 
Bela Lyon Pratt, an Avery descendant. The shaft rises from the 
middle of the outline of the old house, which outline has been care- 
fully preserved; the old fireplaces have been rebuilt; the old 
hearthstones are in their places; the old thresholds are marked by 
the stone steps which the feet of the founder of the race first trod. 

50 The Groton Avery Clan 



Here once an ancient homestead stood, 
Gray with long years, of fashion old. 
From stately oak, from hallowed wood. 
Were hewn its beams, and strong and good 
Uprose its walls, a race to hold. 

Here round the hearth sat sires and sons. 
Mothers and babes, a charming throng ; 
Eight times renewed the long line runs. 
The youths became the aged ones. 
The children grew to manhood strong. 

Honor and virtue here held sway. 

And courage high in word and deed. 
Forth went the statesman on his way. 
Forth marched the soldier to his fray, 
A sturdy race from sturdy seed. 

Gone are the walls that stood so long, 

Mossed roof and chimney, all are gone, 
Where sheltered happy lives were passed 
Now blows at will the winter blast, 
There is no home, the spot is lone. 

Yet stay, what wonders love hath wrought! 

Here is the hearthstone of a race. 
The threshold that their feet have sought. 
Here to our view the bounds are brought. 

And ivies the old chimneys grace. 

Oh! rooms unseen by mortal eyes. 

Wherein may move the friendly guest, 
Oh! walls invisible that rise 
With household gods in unknown guise. 
What is there to meet our quest ? 

Behold, the vanished home uprears 
This granite shaft whereon today 
Wrought in enduring bronze appears 
One who shall greet the coming years. 
Chief of his race, who seems to say: 

Here once an ancient homestead stood, 
Gray with long years, «f fashion old. 
From stately oak, from hallowed wood 
Were hewn its beams, and strong and good 
Uprose its walls, a race to hold. 

Second Generation — James Avery 51 


52 The Groton Avery Clan 

This monument was dedicated July 20, 1900. Six hundred 
members of the clan gathered to do honor to the founder of the 
tribe, who had been dead two hundred years. Dr. Elroy M. 
Avery, the president of the association, presided; Helen Morgan 
Avery unveiled the bust; Frank Montgomery Avery delivered the 
oration, opening with these impressive words: 

"We have assembled here today to join in the dedication of a memorial; 
not of a monument erected to the memory of any one man; not of a 
shaft or tablet to commemorate the happening of a great historical 
event or the accomplishment of some illustrious personal achievement; 
but of a memorial designed to designate the spot where the roots of a 
family tree struck deep and strong enough to take permanent hold in 
the soil of New England, and whence its branches have spread out far 
and wide and lusty with the strength of the parent stock. It is to 
honor the place of our forefathers' refuge and abode, of their 
struggles and triumphs, their birthplace and their death place through 
the early generations, that this shaft has been erected on the site of 
the first of their homesteads, and that we are here today." 

The oration was given in full in the report of the dedicatory 
exercises printed in Avery Notes and Queries, No. 11 (August, 

From the "Old Book of Grants" at Pequot, we learn that 
James Avery bought and sold many parcels of land. Sales were 
recorded in 1655; July 14, 1656; November 30, 1656; May and De- 
cember, 1657, to Nehemiah Smith; September 20, 1660, of part of 
swamp to Will Hough; May 10 and November 1, 1664; December 
29, 1665; and many of later dates. December 26, 1667, Joane 
Avery signed a deed with her husband, James Avery, giving to 
their son, James", fifty acres that James' Avery had bought of 
Amos Richardson. James' Avery also deeded 100 acres of land to 
his son James', March 28, 1679; the same day he deeded to the 
same son another hundred acres of land that had been given to 
him by the general court. If James" Avery wished to sell this 
land he must first offer it to his brothers. The same day, March 
28, 1679, James' Avery sold to Thomas Wheeler land east of the 
great river which land he bought of Abel Moore. December 22, 
1671, he sold to Thomas Parks, two hundred acres of land that 
had been given to him by the town of New London on account of 
money he had paid to Uncas. It was on the east side of the Mohe- 
gan River, near the head of the pond joining to Goodman Minor's. 
(Preston Deeds, 1:77). 

Second Generation— James Avery 53 

In the following deed he disposed of his father's estate: 

"To all Christian people to whom these Instruments shall come Know ye 
that I James Avery senior of New London in the Colony of Connecti- 
cut, have for in consideration of that natural and good affection that I 
bear unto my four sons viz James Avery junior, Thomas Avery, John 
Avery & Samuel Avery, ffully, ffreely, and ffirmly Give, Grant, Alli- 
nate Enfeoffe and pass over unto my four sons aforesaid to be equal 
proportions in my lands house and housings orchards and ... in the 
Town of New London with all the land upon the neck on the West side 
of the Greate River which was my father's deceased also all the land 
upon the General neck which I bought of Mr. Thomas Park sen. as by 
record may or doth appear to have and to hold the aforesaid land house 
& housings orchard and ... in ye Towne of New London which was 
my said fathers upon the General neck also all the land in the General 
neck which I bought of Mr. Thomas Park senior as aforesaid unto my 
four sons James, Thomas, John & Samuel, their heirs, executors, admin- 
istrators, assigns forever, and I do hereby promise and engage that my 
four sons afresaid shall quietly and peaceably enjoy and possess im- 
prove sell and dispose the said land and appurtenances that thereunto 
belong without hindrance, molestatation from me or any other person 
from or under me or by my means ffor confirmation thereof I have set 
my hand & seale this first day of April in the year of our Lord one 

thousand six hundred and eighty-five. 

James Avery 
In the presence of 
Edward Okes 
Mary Braday 

Recorded April 1, 1685" 

At Pequot, Captain Avery seems to have taken at once an 
active part in private business and public affairs. For many years 
his name was signed to deeds and grants of land, as commissioner 
for New London. On the twelfth of October, 1667, he petitioned 
the general court as follows: 

"The request of James Avery of New London to this Honord Assembly is, 
that whereas the Country have putt me upon some publique imploy- 
ment, and haue done what seruice I am capeable of, that this As- 
sembly would please to grant me, as they have done to divers others, a 
parcell of land wch belongs to the Country, soe much as they shall 
think meet, where it may be found; wch I shall thankfully accept; 
and ever pray for yr prosperity. ' ' 

In May of the following year, the general court made the 
following record: 

54 The Groton Avery Clan 

"Lnt James Auery hath hkewise by this Court granted to him a Hundred 
Acres of land for a farme, in which there may not be aboue twenty 
acres of meadow." 

This grant was laid out October 12, 1669, adjoining the land of 
Thomas Stanton, on Pachaug River. {Col. Rec. Lands, 1:278.) 
A like reward for public service was made by the colony in 1675. 

He soon became active in military affairs and is generally 
spoken of by the title of ensign, lieutenant, or captain. The 
region in which he lived was formerly the chief seat of the formid- 
able Pequot tribe that, a few years before, had been almost 
exterminated by the English. The Pequot Fort, taken in 1637 by 
Captain John Mason in command of the Connecticut troops and 
their Mohegan and Narragansett allies, was on the Mystic River, 
on the eastern line of Groton. After the Pequot War, a few sur- 
vivors of that once dreaded tribe still lived in the haunts of their 
fathers, with the Narragansetts on the east and the Mohegans 
under their sachem, Uncas, near by on the west. In 1657, the 
Narragansetts made a wild foray and Uncas fled from the blood 
and fire that marked their course. He took refuge in a fort and 
was besieged by his unrelenting foes. But, just in time, "Lieu- 
tenant James Avery, Mr. Brewster, Richard Haughton, Samuel 
Lothrop, and others well armed, succeeded in throwing them- 
selves into the fort; and the Narragansetts, fearing to engage in 
a conflict with the English, broke up the siege and returned 
home." The legislature approved the measures that had been 
taken for the protection of the faithful ally of the English. 

Great Britain proclaimed war with the States General (Hol- 
land) in February, 1665, and, in June, America received tidings 
that the Dutch admiral, De Ruyter, had orders to visit New York 
with a large force. The northern colonies were alarmed at the 
approach of so formidable an enemy and began preparations for 
defense. The following item appears in the record of a session 
of the Connecticut general court, held at Hartford, July 6, 1665: 

"This Court haueing by his Matie's order bene informed that DeRuiter is 
likely to assult his Matie's Colonies in these parts of the world and that 
it is his royall pleasure that his subjects here should put themselves in 
a posture of defence agaynst the comon adversary, In pursuance 
thereof, doe order that each plantatn in this Colony should considr of 
some way for the discouery of the approach of the enemy: And that 
vpon the discovery of the enemy they presently giue notice thereof to 
ye Comittee appointed by the Court, who are to act therein according 
to the power comitted to them by this Assembly." 

Second Generation — James Avery 55 

The committee in charge from Southerton to Guilford was 
"Maior Mason, Ens: Avery, Thomas Minor, Robt Chapman, or 
any three of them, ' ' 

"Wch said Comittees being mett in their respectiue limits are hereby im- 
powred to order and appoint how and in what way the order estab- 
lished for aid and relief e in such cases may be effectually attended." 

In this same year (1665), the general court confirmed Ensign 
James Avery as "lieutenant to ye train band at New London." 

In 1667, the Pequot remnant was transferred to a reservation, 
although as the historian informs us, ' ' Mr. Winthrop, Capt. Deni- 
son, Captain James Avery and some other men of influence, dis- 
sented from these views and labored for the accommodation of 
thePequots. " The fair disposition and judicial temperament of 
James Avery are here clearly shown — qualities that doubtless 
gave him much of the great influence that we know he possessed 
with the friendly Indians of that region. For several years, 
before and after this, the commissioners of the United Colonies of 
New England referred almost everything relating to the Pequots 
to Messrs. Denison, Stanton, and Avery for adjustment, and the 
Connecticut general-court records contain many references, of 
which the following are examples: 

April 20, 1665. "This court doth appoynt Ensigne James Auery ensigne 
Thomas Tracy and John Gallop, Thomas Minor or any three of them to 
lay out a convenient parcell of land for Robin and his company to plant 
upon." {Conn. Pub. Rec, vol. 1, p. HO.) 

May 11, 1666. " Lt. Avery and James Morgan are appointed and required 
by this court to lay out the land for Coassatuck Indians according to ye 
determination of ye comittee; and likewise to lay out the northern 
bounds of Stonington, and also ye land granted to Thomas Minor and 
John Gallop respectiuely. " {Conn. Pub. Rec, vol. 2, p. 36.) 

"Robin Cussinamo is appointed Goumr ouer the Pequots on this side Mis- 
tick Riuer, and Cushaunakim and Yoiomatimo are appointed as Assist- 
ants to ye said Cusinemo in gouerneing the said Indians. And Lt. James 
Avery, Gary Latham and John Gallop are desired to assist by advice 
and counsell to these Goumrs as occasion or necessity may present." 
{Conn. Pub. Rec, vol. 2, p. 39.) 

In 1668, James Avery and Cary Latham were chosen by the 
town to settle the boundary line with the sachem, Uncas. The 
£15 that secured the desired formal deed was paid by James 
Avery and two others in consideration of which each received 200 
acres of land from the town. Captain Avery's services seem to 

56 The Groton Avery Clan 

have been often called for by the town and by individuals in the 
settling of such controversies. In 1678, the commissioners granted 
Captain Avery five pounds "for his good service in assisting in 
the government of the Pequots for sundry years." (See Plymouth 
Colony Records, Vol. 10. ) 

"May 13, 1678. This Court doth nominate and appoynt Capt. James 

Avery, Capt. George Denison and Livetenant to be a committee to 

consider where may be a suitable tract of land for Mamahowe and the 
Pequits wth him to plant in, and to contrive that the same may be as 
convenient as may be, and near the sea if it be to be procured on rea- 
sonable tearmes. " 

"Oct. 16, 1679. This Court being informed that much damage hath been 
done to the Mohegan Indians in theire corne this yeare planted in their 
field between Norwich and New London by horses and cattell, doe 
order that fowerscore bushells of Indian Corn be payd them at the 
discression of Mr. James Fitch Junr for Norwich and Captn Avery and 
Mr. Charles Hill for New London." {Conn. Col. Rec, vol. 3, p. iS.) 

" May 13, 1680. " As to Cassacinamon's complaynt of his people remove- 
ing from him into some small parties, whereby they are not so capable 
to defend themselves. This Court orders Captn Avery and Lnt Mason 
and Mr. Minor or any two of them, to acquaint the sayd Pequot 
Indians under Robert's government, to return to his town as soon as 
planting and weeding is over, and continue to be under Robert's gov- 
ernment as formerly." (Conn. Col. Rec, 3 :55.) 

May 10, 1683. " This Court doth appoynt Captn James Fitch, Captn James 
Avery and Lnt Tho. Leffingwell to be a committee in behalfe of this 
Court to move the people of Stoneington to lay out to the Pequots under 
Mawmahoe's government a suitable tract of land that may be sufficient 
for them to plant upon; and if they neglect to doe it, the sayd com- 
mittee are hereby ordered to use utmost endeavoures to suit them with 
a sufficient tract of land, . . . the law requireing every towne to pro- 
vide for their own Indians." {Conn. Col. Rec, 3 : 117.) 

The ' ' utmost endeavoures ' ' of this committee were crowned 
with success, and the miserable remnant of the Pequots and east- 
ern Nianticks, under Momoho's government, at last found a rest- 
ing place: 

October 11, 1683. "Capt. Fitch, Captn James Avery and Lnt Tho. Lef- 
fingwell being appoynted to procure some lands for Mamohoe and his 
company, by this Court, May last, returned a writeing or deed of two 
hundred and eighty acres of land which they bought of Isaak Wheeler 
for the use of Mamohoe and his company . . . and this Court doth 
aprove of the sayd deed, and grant that the land shall be for the use of 
Mamohoe and his company during the Courts pleasure." {Toivns & 
Lands, 1:210.) 

Second Generation— James Avery 57 

The land was conveyed to ' ' Capt. James Avery and Lieut. Thomas 
Leffingwell, a committee on behalf of the general court, it being 
for the use of Momoho and the Indians under him," May 24, 1683. 

May 14, 1685. "This Court appoynt Lnt. Tho. Leffingwell and Capt. 
James Avery and Nehemiah Palmer they or any two of them to lay out 
and bownd the sundry parcells of land given to the Pequots, in New 
London or Stoneington bownds or lands adjacent;" {Conn. Col. Rec, 3.) 

There were rumors of an Indian plot in 1669 of which Ninigret, 
sachem of the eastern Nianticks, was supposed to be the head. 
Capt. Wait Winthrop, Lieut. James Avery and others were com- 
missioned to inquire into the reality of the suspected plot and to 
summon Ninigret before them for examination. The messengers 
that they sent to Ninigret (who lived east of the Pawcatuck river) 
returned with answer inviting them to come to him. The com- 
missioners accordingly made ready to "goe to him," but as they 
were setting out, July 19, 1669, they received word from Rhode 
Island that that colony protested "against such eleagall and 
unlawfull proseedings, " and if there was anything against Nini- 
gret ' ' he shall be forth coming to answer before the government 
under which his Majesty haue put him." Captain Winthrop and 
his party, thirteen in number, disregarding this protest, crossed 
the river and ' ' though a company of f ellowes stood in the com- 
mon roade," some with clubs, they were not forcibly opposed and 
rode their way and obtained a conference with Ninigret. Their 
report is missing, but it was probably satisfactory as no further 
action was taken at that time. 

In June, 1672, the general court ordered that Captain John 
Winthrop should be the ' ' chief e millitary officer ' ' for the county 
of New^ London, and Lieutenant James Avery his second. In 
1673, danger was again apprehended from the Dutch, and each 
county was ordered to prepare for defense. New London County 
was to add a hundred "dragoones" to her trainbands, and for 
' ' such forces as shall be called out of that county, James Avery 
[was] appoynted Captain." 

"It was ordered that each dragoone be provided with a good sword and 
belt, and serviceable muskitt or kirbine, with a shott powch and powder 
and bullitts, viz : one pownd of powder made into cartridges fitt for his 
gunn, and three pownd of bullitts fitt for their gunns, or pistol bulletts, 
and a hoi-se to expedite their march." {Conn. Colonial Records, 
2:207, 208). 

58 The Groton Avery Clan 

New England's long continued freedom from the horrors of 
Indian war was abruptly ended in 1675. The name of King Philip 
became a terror to the English settlers from Connecticut to Casco 
Bay. In the summer months, Massachusetts suffered untold 
agony and Connecticut became much alarmed. In answer to 
letters from Mr. Fitch of Norwich, "the Councill writt to Mr. 
Fitch, L'nt Mason and L'nt Auery, [Aug. 5, 1675] to encourage 
the Moheagans to goe forthwith out after the Indians of Phillip's 
company;" and that Robin Cassacinamon and Mawmohoe repair 
to those English that are in the pursuit of the Indians and assist 
them what they can. In October, the general court at Hartford 
practically put Connecticut under martial law. 

"It is therefore hereby ordered, that each county doe speedly rayse out of 
their several! townes in their respective countyes, sixty souldiers, well 
fitted with hors armes and ammunition, as dragoones, who shall be im- 
bodyed for motion in their severall respectiue countyes for the defence 
of the Colony against any sudden assault of the enemie. And because 
of the difficulty and danger of moueing ouer the riuer at Saybrooke, 
this Court orders Saybrooke and Kenilworth to fall in with New 
Haven, as part thereof in this undertakeing. The proportioning of 
each plantation and all other things necessary for the well ordering of 
the severall companyes is left to the ciuill authority in each county to 
order as they shall judg most conduceable to the end afoarsayd ; and 
that they be ready for the reliefe of each other upon notice as any 
exigence may call for. And because there are the Moheags and 
Pequots dwelling amongst those fower townes of New London County, 
it is ordered that Captain James Auery take command of forty Eng- 
lish from the three townes of New London, Stoneington and Lyme, to 
be raysed together with such of the Pequots as he likes, and Captain 
John Mason shall take twenty English from Norwich with the Mo- 
heags ; each party to quarter and lye where they may be of best vse 
for the end afoarsd, and to joyne together as there may be any occas- 
ion or exigence, vpon notice from Major John Winthrop ; they to 
appoynt such inferior officers as they shall thinke most meet. " {Conn. 
Col. Rec, 2:267.) 

November 25, 1675. Captain Avery was appointed by the council 
fifth in command of the united army which is to go against the 
Indians. {Conn. Col. Rec, 2:386.) 

The commissioners of the United Colonies of New England 
put a force of a thousand men in the field under the command of 
Governor Josiah Winslow of Plymouth. In the early winter, he 
was in the hostile country where a great battle was fought on 

Second Generation— James Avery 59 

Sunday, December 19, 1675. The Narragansett fort was in what 
is South Kingston, Rhode Island. It included five or six acres of 
dry land, was surrounded by a swamp, and was defended by pali- 
sades and felled trees. The only entrance was by a bridge made 
by a felled tree and commanded by a block house. Within, were 
not fewer than 3,500 warriors. The fight was desperate, for, on 
either side, it was a clear case of conquer or die. The final vic- 
tory was with the English. It is said that 700 Indians were killed 
that day and that 300 of their wounded died. The power of the 
Narragansett tribe was broken. Captain John Gallup, who com- 
manded the Mohegans, was slain. The Pequot allies were under 
the command of James Avery. 

The Narragansett fight enraged the Indians and made them 
desperate. The English plantations were in greater danger than 
before. In the following February (1675-6), at a meeting of the 
council of Connecticut, "there was order to Capt. Avery, Capt. 
Denison and Ln't Minor to rayse some forces to surpriz or destroy 
the enemie; as more at large by the letter on file may appeare. " 
From said letter, we clip the following sentence: 

' ' The Council considering the difficulty of collecting any considerable body 
of the enlisted souldiers from the several townes, for an immediate 
march against the enemy, order that Captains Avery and Denison, and 
Lieut. Minor, should forthwith gather as many men as possible, from 
the three nearest towns (New London, Norwich and Stonington), and, 
taking with them the Mohegan and Pequot Indians, march against the 
enemy. ' ' 

Then began that ' ' series of forays into the Indian territory, which, 
issuing at short intervals from New London county, and led by 
those Indian fighters, Denison and Avery, contributed in no small 
degree to the favorable result." 

At a meeting of the Council of Connecticut, March 16, 1675-6, 
it was written in the record that: 

" For the encouragement of such as shall goe forth volunteers against our 
Indian enemies in the Narrogancett Countrey and to prevent their 
gathering and setleing there, we have thought meet to declare, that 
whosoueuer shall imploy themselves in this seruice, whether Indians or 
English, and goe forth under the command of Capt. George Denison 
or Capt. James Avery or Lnt. Thomas Minor or Ens. Tho. Leffingwell, 
shall haue all such plunder as they shall seize both of persons and corn 
or other estate to be disposed by them in way of sale, so as they may 
best advantage themseules, provided Authority haue had the first ten- 

60 The Groton Avery Clan 

der of their dispose of Captiues, alloweing them the market prices; 
to be diuied amongst them, to the priuate souldiers, each man alike, 
and to the commanders so much a better part according as there is dif- 
ference in their wages; and all wounded men to be healed at the 
Country's charge." {Conn. Col. Rec, 2: il8). 

Two letters from Major Palmes, dated March 30, were re- 
ceived by the council before their meeting of April 4th. The first, 
written from Norwich, acknowledges the receipt of a letter from 
the council, of March 27, with their reasons for detaining Major 
Treat and his forces, "so much to the dissatisfaction & expecta- 
tion of our soldiery." He (Major Palmes) stated that he could 
not possibly go forth in the proposed expedition, but had listed all 
the volunteers under Capt, Denison and Lieut. Leffingwell and the 
pressed soldiers under Capt. Avery and Lieut. Minor to march 
' ' towards Egunck and so to Coessett. ' ' There were thirty-seven 
pressed men and forty-two volunteers, with about one hundred 
Pequots and Mohegans, with some of Ninigret's daughter's men. 
The writer was doubtful of the ' ' well accord ' ' of the English, in 
their march and fight, observing many ' ' inconveniences with this 
mixture of pressed men and volunteers." Major Palmes desired 
' ' that for future the manadgmt bee left to whome you shall see 
cause to intrust, and not every man to be his own carver." 
{Conn. Col Rec, 2:^27.) 

Ten days before this (March 20), Capt. Denison and Capt. 
Avery, with their volunteers and pressed men and Indians, had 
marched from Norwich. Before their return on April 5th, they 
had killed or captured forty-four Indians. Among the captives 
was the chief surviving sachem of the Narragansetts, Canonchet, 
the son of Miantonomo— " one of the great exploits of the war." 

On April 7, 1676, the council, having heard from the front, 
expressed themselves as follows: 

"Vpon accot of Cap. Denison and Lnt Minor of their expedition against 
the Indian enemies neer those parts, which accot was to good sattis- 
faction, but they findeing the encouragment allowed not sufficient, 
The Council see meet to declare and order that the sayd Capt. Denison 
and Capt. Auery, wth their Lieutenants and officers, may proceed on 
in the like service, with such companies of Volunteers as they can pre- 
vayle withall to be listed under them, and shall for their encourage- 
ment be allowed just pay for their necessary provission and wages for 
their time while they are out on service . . . and hire for the 
officer's horses (with allowance for a chirurgion, if he goeth forth with 

Second Generation — James Avery 61 

them) on the country's accot, and their wounded men to be taken care 
of, as other prest men; they to be suited wth ammunition on the 
Country's acet . . . The sayd Captaines are to order the distribu- 
tion of what shall be taken, proportionably amongst the English, and 
according to agreement amongst the Indians: and all are to carry 
themselves orderly and in the fear of God." (Conn. Col. Rec, 2:^29.) 

On the same day (April 7, 1676) , the Council wrote to the Hon. 
Major Palmes: 

"We have seen cause to encourage Capt. Denison & Capt. Avery to rays 
volunteers & prosecute the enemie with all vigor." 

Capt. Denison and Capt. Avery evidently prosecuted ''the enemie 
with all vigor" for, in July, they followed the Indians into a 
swamp in the Narragansett country and killed or took prisoners 
eighty and, on the march back, sixty more fell into their hands. 
Hutchinson, in his History of Massachusetts Bay, says "the brave 
action of the Connecticut volunteers have not been enough ap- 
plauded" and adds that this successful hunting of the Indians 
"sunk and broke their spirits, and seems to have determined the 
fate of English and Indians, which until then was doubtful and 

Hubbard, the early historian of the Indian wars, writes thus: 

"The inhabitants of New London, Norwich and Stonington, apprehensive 
of their danger, by reason of the near bordering of the enemy, and 
upon other prudent considerations, voluntarily listed themselves under 
some able gentlemen and resolute soldiers among themselves. Major 
Palmes, Capt. George Denison, Capt. Avery, with whom or under 
whom, within the compass of 1676, they made ten or more several 
expeditions, in all of which at those several times, they killed and took 
two hundred and thirty-nine of the enemy by the help and assistance 
of the Pequots, Mohegans, and a few friendly Narragansetts; besides 
thirty taken in their long march homewards, after the fort fight, Decem- 
ber 19, '75; and besides sixteen captivated in the second expedition, not 
reckoned within the compass of the said number; together with fifty 
guns and spoiling the enemy of an hundred bushels of corn." 

The question of the. spoils of war came up often for discussion. 
In August, 1675: 

"The Councill agreed and ordered that the rigt and division of the captives 
be left to the decission and determination of Capt. John Mason, Capt. 
James Avery and Mr. Daniel Witherell, whoe are desired and empow- 
ered to disspose the said captiues, whither in hands of the Pequots, 
Moheags or Naragancetts, to such persons to whome of right they doe 
belong, according to the severall agreements as the claymers shall 
make their demands by." 

62 The Groton Avery Clan 

In January, 1675-6, it was ordered that: 

" Whateuer captiues or plunder shall be taken is to be tryed and condemned 
by a Court Marshall, that so no wrong may be done. The Court Mar- 
shall for New London County are appoynted to be Major Ed: Palmes, 
Capt James Auery, Lnt. Samuel Mason and Lnt. Tho: Minor, or any 
three of them." 

March 20, of the same year, the council ordered that: 

"Such things to be taken up and done to the satisfaction of sayde mr. 
Fitch, and Capt. Auery, as respecting wampum and other goods that 
was taken as plundei', yet is said to belong to innocent persons not 

September 28, 1669, a Hst of the names of the freemen of 
New London was made by order of the general court by James 
Auerye and Daniell Witherell, townsmen, and Alexander Piggon, 
constable. On this list the name of James Auerye stands first. 

Originally, the Connecticut general court not only enacted the 
laws of the colony, but also administered them, criminally as well 
as civilly. As it was difficult to try all these cases at Hartford, 
the general court, May 17, 1660, 

"doe order for ye present that there shall be an assistant and 3 Comrs in 
that Towne [New London] who shall have ful power to issue small 
causes, and ye punishing smal crimes and offences according to law, 
provided the cases of debts and fines doe not amount to the sum of 
£2. Is." 

James Avery soon became one of the commissioners in this court 
as the following appointment shows: 

"Oct. 8, 1663. This Court doth desire and appoynt the Major and John 
Allyn and Mr. Bruen to keep a Court at New London for the issuing of 
such matters as shall be presented for their consideration; they to 
appoint the time." 

"This court appoints Ens. James Avery a Commissioner to joyne with Mr. 
Bruen at New London." 

May 12, 1664, James Avery was again appointed commissioner 
and. May 11, 1665, he seems to have been especially honored. On 
that date, he was deputy to the general court, was made commis- 
sioner for New London, and received his commission as lieutenant 
of the train band: 

"James Avery is confirmed Lieutenant to ye Train Band at N. London 
and Gabirell Harris Ensigne in ye said Train Band." 



Second Generation — James Avery 63 


His appointment as commissioner reads as follows: 

"Mr. Thomas Stanton, Thomas Miner, Ens: Avery, Mr. Bruen, Mr. Chap- 
man, are chosen Comrs for and within their respective towns where 
they inhabit; any three of them wth ye Dep: Gournr are hereby em- 
powered to keep court at N. London twice this present year, that is to 
say on ye third Wednesday of June and on ye third Wednesday in 

The following is a sample of the cases which came before this 

"June 30, 1664. Mrs. Houghton summons Mrs. Skillinger before the Com- 
missioners to answer for abusing her daughter in the meeting house; 
we not finding legal proofs hereof, judge it meet that Mrs. Houghton 
tutor her daughter better and not occasion disturbance by any unmeet 
carriage to her betters hereafter, and this being the first time, we 
enforce no further. ' ' 

Another case was against "a person belonging to Seabrook for 
uttering contumelious speeches against his Majesty when in liquor; 
to be whipt immediately at New" London and a quarter of a year 
hence at Seabrook; Mr. Chapman to see it done." 

May 10, 1666, the general court constituted New London 
County with its county court: 

"It is ordered that from Paukatuck-River wth Norridge to ye west bounds 
of Momonoset Plantation shall be for future one County called the 
County of N. London, and it is ordered that the County Court shalbe 
held at N. London the first Wednesday in June and the third Thursday 
in September yearly. " 

"It is ordered that each County Court shall consist at least of one Assist- 
ant and two comrs to be the judges thereof." 

On the same day, Mr. Edward Palmes, Lieutenant James Avery, 
Mr. Daniel Witherell, and Mr. William Douglass were chosen com- 
missioners for New London County. From that time until 1695, 
James Avery served almost continuously as one of the judges of 
the county court as the records of the general court and of the 
county court (now at Norwich) show. The years 1671 and 1673 
were the only ones in which he did not serve. 

Before this court came actions for debts and complaints of 
evil-speaking and of disorderly conduct. Wills were proved, estates 
settled, and marriages performed the same as in the higher courts. 
A few of the examples cited by Miss Caulkins may serve to illus- 
trate the manners and customs of those days: 

64 The Groton Avery Clan 

' ' 1667. Goodwif e Willey presented for not attending public worship and 

bringing her children thither; fined 5s." 
"George Tongue and wife were solemnly reprimanded for their many 

offences against God and man and each other. On their submission 

and promise of reformation, and engaging to keep up the solemn duty 

of prayer and the service of God in the family, they were released by 

paying a fine of £3." 
"John Lewis and Sarah Chapman presented for sitting together on the 

Lord's day under an apple tree in Goodman Chapman's orchard." 
"1673. James Rogers, Jr., for sailing in a vessel on the Lord's day, 

fined 20s." 
"Edward Stallyon for sailing his vessel from New London to Norwich on 

the Sabbath, 40s." 
"1682. New London was presented for not having a grammar-school; 

fined £10; also for not having an English school for reading and 

writing, £5." 

That the county court had admiralty powers appears from the 

"1680. Thomas Dymond vs. barque Pi'ovidence, stranded on Fisher's 
Island, for salvage of goods." 

James Avery was as prominent in the civil matters of the 
towm and colony as he was in military affairs. He was chosen 
townsman (i.e., selectman) in 1660 and held that office twenty- 
three years. What seems to have been one of his earliest acts in 
this official capacity shows a laudable desire to preserve the public 
documents and is thus recorded: 

"Feb. 6, 1660. —For the setthng, perfecting and fairly recording of all 
records, for the town's use and good of after posterity, wee agreed 
that there shall be a towne booke, with an Alphabet in it, wherein all 
acts passed, orders or agreements, shall hereafter be fairly recorded, 
whether past or to come, for the affecting hereof, we agree that all the 
old bookes of records shall be searched into for what is matei'ial con- 
cerning the public good, to be drawn out into a booke provided and 
paid for by the Recorder, who shall have 6d, paid him out of the town 
rate for every act, law or order recorded. ' ' 

This is signed by the townsmen, Obadiah Bruen (who was re- 
corder), Hugh Caulkins, James Rogers, James Avery, and William 
Nichols. Unfortunately, the full measure of the advantages that 
these wise townsmen intended to confer upon "after posterity" 
was made scant by the performance. 

The townsmen were desirous "to know of the town what 
their duties were." In answer to this application, on Feb. 25, 
1659-60, at the annual town meeting a paper of instruction and 
advice was prepared for their use ' ' and sanctioned by the public 

Second Generation — James Avery 65 

voice. It furnishes a clear summary of the various duties of 
those unsalaried officers called townsmen or selectmen, so essential 
in the organization of our New England towns." {Hist, of Neiu 
London: 92.) In substance it is as follows: 

"1. To keep up the town bounds, and see that the fence-viewers discharge 
their duty with respect to individual property. 

2. To take care that children are educated, servants well ordered and 

instructed, and no person suffered to live in idleness. 

3. That the laws of the jurisdiction be maintained;— no inmates harbored 

above two or three weeks without consent of the town; and the 
magazine kept supplied with arms and ammunition. 

4. That the streets, lanes, highways and commons be preserved free 

from all encroachments and that they appoint some equal way for 
the clearing of the streets in the town from trees, shrubs, bushes 
and underwood, and call forth the inhabitants in convenient time and 
manner for effecting the same. 

5. That they take care of the meeting-house and provide glass windows 

for it, with all convenient speed. 

6. That they consider of some absolute and perfect way and course to be 

taken for a perfect platforme of settling and maintaining of the 
recordes respecting the towne, that they be fully clearly and fairly 
kept, for the use, benefit and peaceful state of the town, and after 

7. That they consult together and with the moderator, of all matters to 

be propounded at town meetings, so as better to effect needful things 
and prevent needless questions and cogitations. 

8. That they determine all matters concerning the Indians that inhabit 

amongst us. 

9. That they regulate the felling, sawing and transporting of timber; 

masts, boards, planks, pipe-staves, &c. 

10. That they see the ferries well kept. 

11. That they determine all complaints respecting land grants; except 
the difficult and doubtful cases, which must be referred to the town. 

12. That they have regular meetings for business and give notice of the 
time and place thereof, by a paper upon the meeting house." 

For the next few years, the records contain frequent refer- 
ences to James Avery in connection with such matters as the col- 
lection of tax rates, arbitrations like that between "Goodman 
Packer and the Indians," the killing of wolves for which he 
claimed the bounty of twenty shillings each, the naming of a day 
for the cutting of wood for the minister, etc., the laying out of the 
king's highways, the adjustment of the bounds between New 
London and Lyme: 

"An agreement dated May 21st, 1668, signed by Mathew Griswold, Wm 
Waller, .James Auery & Gary Latham, delivered in presence of James 

66 The Groton Avery Clan 

Rogers and Francis Griswold, concerning the bounds between New 
London & Lyme is approued by this Court, and so it is certified under 
the sayd agreement and attested, May 22nd '68, pr John Allyn, Secre- 
tary," (which adjustment proved to be unsatisfactory to his fellow- 
citizens) . 

In February, 1665-'66, it was 

"Voted by ye Towne that Leifft. Avery and James Morgan have power to 
agree with any person that hath a serviceable horse to be emploied in 
fetching up Mr. Bradstreet and what agreement they make the towne 
to allowe and make good the same. " 

The next year, and as a consequence of this carte blanche, Good- 
man Prentice received ten shillings for the use of his horse and 
Goodman Royce fifteen pounds "for ye minister's dyet." On 
June 1, 1666, it was 

"Voted by a Vnanimous consent that Mr. Bradstreet is acepted to ye 
worke of ye ministry amongst us, and that he have 80 lb. pr. yeare to 
encourage him in the worke, to be gathered by way of rate. ' ' 

The general court appointed "Lnt. James Aurey and James 
Morgan to lay out Mr. Symon Bradstreet his grant of land, accord- 
ing to his grant." The town also voted to build a girt house 
' * 36 f oote in length, and 25 in breadth and 13 studd betwixt ye 
joynts with a stack of stone chimneys in the midst," all at a cost 
of a hundred pounds, with an extra appropriation to "paye ye 
masons for building a stone chimney and glaze ye house win- 
dowes." At a town meeting held Feb., 1677-8, it was voted to 
build a new meeting house to take the place of the out-grown 
Blinman edifice. The building committee consisted of Captain 
Avery and two others. "It was to be forty feet square; the 
studs twenty feet high with a turret answerable; two galleries, 
fourteen windows, three doors; and to set up on all four gables of 
the house, pyramids comely and fit for the work. ' ' 

In 1683, Capt. James Avery was a member of a committee, of 
which Major John Winthrop was chairman, to send a letter to the 
Rev. Mr. Mather and the Rev. Samuel Willard at Boston, for 
advice concerning a successor for the Rev. Mr. Bradstreet, 
deceased. In the following June, they reported in favor of the 
Rev. Edward Oakes. These records give us an interesting peep 
into the old New England town-meeting and throw an instructive 
side light on the character of our fathers. 

Second Generation — James Avery 67 

There were numerous presentations of James Rogers for 
profanation of the Sabbath and kindred offenses. He had exten- 
sive lands and a greater interest in the trade of the port than any 
other person in the place. He and his family became dissenters 
from the established Congregational church and allied themselves 
to the Sabbatarians or Seventh-day Baptists of Rhode Island. 
After 1677, his son, John Rogers, drew off from the Sabbatarians, 
assumed the ministerial offices of preaching and baptizing, and 
organized a new sect called the Rogerenes. Miss Caulkins says 
that ' * a great and predominant trait of the founder of the sect, 
and of his immediate followers, was their determination to be 
persecuted. They were aggressive and never better pleased than 
when, by shaking the pillars, they had brought down the edifice 
upon thdr own heads. They esteemed it a matter of duty, not 
only to suffer fines, distrainment, degradation, imprisonment, and 
felonious penalties with patience, but to obtrude themselves upon 
the law, and challenge its power, and in fact to persecute others, 
by interrupting their worship, and vehemently denouncing what 
they esteemed sacred." These offences were promptly met by 
penalties. ' * Fines were many times repeated and the estates of 
the offenders melted under the seizures of the constables as snow 
melts before the sun." "It is probable that all the penalties 
would have been silently dropped had they not kept up the 
aggressive system of testifying, as it was called; that is, present- 
ing themselves in the religious assemblies of their neighbors to 
utter their testimony against the worship. John Rogers and the 
elder sister were the principal offenders, they often carrying 
their work into meeting and interrupting the service with expla- 
nations and protests against what was said or done." The fore- 
going is intended to illuminate the following from the records of 
the county court. 

"April 14, 1685. Judges upon the bench, Fitch, Avery and Wetherell. 
John Rogers, James Rogers, Jr., Samuel Beebee, Jr., and Joanna Way, 
are complained of for profaning God's holy day by servile work, and 
are grown to the height of impiety as to come at several times into the 
town to re-baptize several persons; and when God's people were met 
together on the Lord's day to worship God, several of them came and 
made great disturbance, behaving themselves in such a frantic manner 
as if possessed with a diabolical spirit, so affrighting and amazing that 
several women swooned and fainted away. John Rogers to be whipped 
fifteen lashes, and for unlawfulling re-baptizing to pay £5. The others 
to be whipped." 

68 The Groton Avery Clan 

James Avery represented New London as deputy to the gen- 
eral court for many years. The record runs as follows: May, 
1659; Oct., 1660; Oct., 1661; Oct., 1664; May and July, 1665; May 
and Oct., 1667; April and May, 1668; May and Oct., 1669; May, 
1675. October, 1675, he was reported as absent. He was serving 
his country elsewhere — raising troops for the Indian war that ter- 
minated in the great swamp fight of December 19, 1675. We find 
him again a member of the general court, 1676; also May and 
Oct., 1677; May, 1678; Oct., 1679; Oct., 1680; Oct., 1682; 'May, 
1683; May and July, 1684; May and Oct., 1685; Oct., 1686. 

In 1687, Andros usurped the government of Connecticut and, 
in 1688, there was no session of the general court. After the 
accession of William and Mary in 1688, Connecticut called her 
general court together without waiting for instructions from the 
home government. Among the few determined men who responded 
and served through 1689 was Capt. James Avery of New London. 
In the thirty years above indicated, for twenty of which James 
Avery was deputy, the general court passed many wise and help- 
ful laws. The Indians were defeated or pacified and Connecticut 
grew from weakness into strength. Her foundations were well 
laid and among her master workmen was James Avery. 

James Avery was prominent in matters relating to the church, 
and the references to him in such connection are numerous, many 
of which have been noted in previous pages. The church record 
kept by the Rev. Mr. Bradstreet begins October 5, 1670, the day 
of his ordination. It opens with the following: 


Lieutenant James Avery and wife, 

Thomas Miner and wife, 

James Morgan, senior and wife,'' 

and eighteen others. 

In his famous diary, Thomas Minor makes frequent reference 
to James Avery with whom he was to be connected by the mar- 
riage of three of his children. The following shows that 
James Avery was expected to watch the spiritual interests of 
the church: 

Second Generation — James Avery 69 

"These are to signifie to all such whome it may concerne that we whose 

names are under written being members of the Church of Christe of 

New London doe owne Thomas minor of stoneington and his wife 

members with us and under our Care and watch and they doe live ffor 

ought wee know or heare as doe become Christians 

James Averie 
new london william Douglass 

June 30, 1669 

In the name and with the Consent of the Cch ' ' 

There was then a close union between church and state, each 
being part of the other. The Congregational church was fully 
"established," wholly "orthodox", and the only one recognized 
by law. The minister's salary was raised by public tax and a 
few of the old rate-lists for this purpose are still preserved. In 
that for 1664, the names of 105 property holders appear. The 
name of "John Winthrop, Squire," heads the list. He was then 
a non-resident; his property was set down at £185. The estate of 
James Rogers is set down at £548— nearly double that of any other 
taxpayer. The next highest are John Pickett, £299, 10s; James 
Morgan, £252; Robert Burrows, £246; James Avery, £236; and 
Gary Latham, £217. At that time, land was hardly taken into 
account in the estimate of the value of a man's estate. 

As early as 1678, the people on the east side of the gi'eat 
river (the Thames), through James Avery, petitioned the general 
court for a church and a minister of their own. 

"To the Honord General Assembly now sitting at Hartford. 

The Humble petition of James Avery in Behalf the Inhabitants that 
live on the east side new London River. 

Showing that whereas we that now live at that place and besought the 
blessing of God Increased to about twenty eight families and are so 
seated from new London to which worship we at present pertain that 
neither ourselves or families can without great hazzard and trouble 
get to new London to attend the public worship of God on the Lords 
day to our great hindrance there being a very Great ferry of about 
a mile over besides six or seven miles that many of us must travel! 
by Land we have in consideration of the good we hope to attain and 
the insuitable harm that otherwise we cannot but expect have 
thought it our duty to present to this honored court our condition 
and grievances in the foresaid respect and that we have humbly 
requested of our neighbors of new London their willingness that we 
might have a minister on our side of the river at our own cost who 
seem to be very unwilling thereunto. Requesting this court serious 
consideration thereof and that we may have liberty of procuring 
and settling a ministry on our side of the river to be at our charges 

70 The Groton Avery Clan 

and that when the same is attained that we may be free from pay- 
ing to the ministry at new London we hope this honored court will 
find the less difficulty to grant in that the like has been granted to 
sundry other places whose beginnings were not more able to afford 
maintenance than we hope ours are and to some as at Lyme on the 
same reason as the difficult passage by water and that the welfare 
of your petitioners will bee much advantaged thus waiting the 
Courts pleasure therein we shall for this honored court ever 
pray &c 

James Avery in the name of the rest 
May 9, 1678" 

(From Ecclesiastical Documents, vol. 1, doc. 47, in the State Library, 
Hartford. See facsimile on opposite page. ) 

To this, the general court made answer thus: 

"May 15, 1678. This Court haueing considered the petition of Captn Avery, 
in behalfe of the people on the east side of New London River, peti- 
tioning that they might have liberty to provide themselves of a minister 
to dispense the word of God to them, &c. as p. the petition on file may 
appeare, the Court haueing heard and considered the case and what 
hath been objected against it by agents of the Towne of New London, 
doe declar that they cannot but compassionate the condition of the 
people of London that have such troublesome passage to the worship 
of God, and yet they cannot see reason to answer the desires of the 
petitioners at present, but advise them cheerfully to a carrying on of 
the works of God in their present state vnite, and when God shall have 
blessed and increased their numbers and states so as that there may be 
a likelyhood of their comfortable and honourable mayntayning of two 
ministers in that towne, and in such case when they are soe accom- 
plished to the sattisfaction of this Court, they may have a minister on 
I that side, but not to be a distinct township without the free consent 

of the people on the west side of the river and approbation of this Court. ' ' 
(Conn. Col. Rec, vol. 3, p. 13.) 

In 1687, after persistent petitionings in which James Avery was 
prominent, it was ordered that for the future they should have 
liberty to invite the minister of the town to preach on their side 
of the river every third Sabbath during the four most inclement 
months of the year. 

The good work that he had thus begun was continued by his 
sons and, in 1702, the church on the east side of the river for 
which he had so long labored became a reality. Although he did 
not live to see the happy termination of his earnest endeavor, he 
is justly considered one of the founders of the First Church of 
Groton as he was of the First Church of New London. In the 
two hundred years since then four buildings have housed the 

Second Generation— James Avery 71 



.tu^ o fCj^Cr'"^''^^ 


The Groton Avery Clan 

organization. Unfortunately, we have no picture of the first; 
pictures of the other three are given in this chapter. The fourth 
was completed in 1902. Its walls are built of field stone gathered 
from the many Avery and other farms in Groton, and few of 










them have felt the hammer. The memorial window in the front 
of the church, is dedicated, by his descendants, to Captain James 
Avery, in whose active brain originated the idea of a church 
organization east of the "Greate River." 


Second Generation — James Avery 


In 1693 James Avery made preparation for a comfortable old 
age. He had previously deeded land to each of his sons, but he 
then made a final provision as the following deed shows: 

"To all Christian people to whom this present Deed of sale shall come 
James Avery, senior of New London in the Colonie of Connecticut in 
New England sendeth Greeting. Know ye that I the sd James Avery, 
senior for and in consideration of that natural affection and love which 


I give and bear unto my beloved sonn Samuel Avery of the Towne and 
Colonie aforesaid as also for other considerations payments and Reser- 
vations hereby and herein specified to be allowed and performed by my 
said sonn Samuel Avery with the which I doe acknowledge myself to be 
fully Satisfied and Contented and upon performance of the same Doe 
Aquit and Discharge my sayed son Samuel Avery, his heirs, Executors, 
Administrators, and Assigns forever by these present. Have given, 
Granted Bargained, Sold, Alliened, Enfeofed and Confirmed and by 

74 The Groton Avery Clan 

these present Doe fully and Absolutely Give, Grant, bargain, Sell, 
Allien, Enfeof and Confirme unto my sayde sonn Samuel Avery his 
heirs. Executors, Administrators, Assigns forever all that my ffarme 
whereon I dwell with the parcel of land and meadow thereunto belong- 
ing situate and being on the east side of New London River at New 
London containing in estimation two hundred and twelve acres to the 
James Morgan lott the parcel being butted and bounded viz. Impremis 
the home lott containing fifty Akers bounded on the west and partly on 
the south with the Brook or river and part of the salt [blot] and 
which the Brook empties into and partly on the south by the lane that 
parts this land and the ffarme in the possession of Major-General John 
Winthrop on the north with the land of Nehemiah Smith and on the 
east with land in the possession of my sonne Thomas Avery. More 
sixty Akers of land lying in Paqunotk bounded on the west with the 
greate swamp and on the east with Paquanotk coave or River on the 
north and south with the lands of Mr. Richard Lord and Mr. John 
Daugs. More one hundred Akers of land with meadow on it lying to 
the northward of Mr. Richard Smith's house bounded on the south with 
sd Smith's land and on the east with Ledges of Rock and Comon and 
on the west with a cart way that leadds to the woods and on the north 
with land formerly given to my sonn James Avery now layde Down 
Comon. More two Acres of meadof lying at (?) plaine (?) bounded on 
the north with a swamp on the east with land of James Avery junior 
and the other bounds as by records of said meadow together with all 
housings Buildings and housings, Barns Stables or chatels ffruit trees 
all herds profits, privileges comonages and all other Appurtenances as 
with sd ffarm and grants of land belonging or in any way appertaining 
to have and to hold the sd ffarm and parcels of land butted and 
bounded as aforesaid with all other the above granted premises unto 
my sd sonn Samuel Avery his heirs. Executors, Administrators, Assigns. 
. . . Provided always and it is nevertheless agreed and conceded by 
and between the said parties these presents, that I the said James 
Avery senior, do reserve the north end of the dwelling house during my 
life and the life of my wife Johanna Avery and also the full moyity or 
one half part of the neat product or increase of all the land above 
aliened during my own life and the life of my beloved wife Johanna 
Avery which sd lands are to be improved by my sd son Samuel Avery 
to an best advantage the charges thereof are to be equally borne or 
boarne betwixt us and satisfied out of the produce what remaining to 
be equally shared betwixted us. Likewise it is agreed by the parties 
to these p/esent that the stock of neat cattle which now are on the 
ffarm being two oxen, 16 cows, 4 steers 4 ys old, 8 steers 3 y old, 16 
steers and heifers 2 ys old, 11 steers and heifers 1 yr old, 50 sheep, 
7 swine, 4 mares, 2 young horses, 1 bull are at this time belonging the 
one half share to me the sd James Avery senior and the other half at 
this time belonging to my sonn Samuel Avery all of which stock is to 
Runn and be Maintayned with the hay gott out of the sd ffarm and 
lands agreed on about the cows & the charges to be equally borne by 

Second Generation— James Avery 



















76 The Groton Avery Clan 

each party and the one half of its produce to accrew yearly to me the 
sd James Avery senior the other half of its produce to be and belong 
to my sonn Samuel Avery. It is likewise agreed by and between the 
Said parties to these presents that at the death and decease of the said 
James Avery senior and my loving wife Johanna Avery or at the 
decease of my sd sonn Samuel Avery the afore mentioned stock of neat 
cattle, sheep swine & the increase thereof shall be equally divided the 
one half to be at the disposal of me the sd James Avery senior 
and my loving wife Johanna Avery by our last will and testament 
and the other half to be and belong to my sd son Samuel Avery and his 
It is also agreed between the parties by these present that if my sd sonn 
Samuel Avery decease before me James Avery senior or before my 
loving wife Johanna Avery then provision is made by these presents 
that his heirs, Executors, Administrators, Assigns are to perform what 
is obliged to Doe by these presents, Relating to the improving of the 
sd ffarme And providing for the Stock that Remains and belongs to me 
the sd James Avery senior or to Johanna Avery my wife during both 
our natural lives otherwise to be at the ordering and in the possession 
of me the sd James Avery senior or Johanna Avery my wife During 
our life time and no longer but then to Revert and Return to the heirs, 
executors or administrators of my sd son Samuel Avery. In witness 
whereof I the sayde James Avery senior have put to my hand & seale 
in New London this seventeenth day of ifebry one thousand six hundred 
ninety two three. 

James Avery. 
Signed sealed returned in the presence of 

Edward Palmes Capt. James Avery acknowledges the 

Sarah Palmes above written to be his act and deed the 

the mark of 22 Feb. 1692-3 that the whole deed before 

Mary (M.) Roberts me Rivhard Christopher Commoner. 

Extracted out of the original and recorded by me Daniel Witherell Re- 
corder, May 6, 1693. 

Thus we see that the wife, Joanna, was Hving in 1693. The date 
of her death is not known. She was the mother of all the chil- 
dren of James Avery. 

About 1655, a certain Abigail, surname unknown (the late 
Judge Richard A. Wheeler of Stonington said it was Ingraham), 
was married to Samuel, the son of William Cheeseboro, the 
founder of Stonington. Their daughter, Abigail Cheeseboro, mar- 
ried John", the son of Captain James' Avery. Samuel Cheeseboro 
was buried July 31, 1673, and, on June 15, 1675, his widow was 
married to Mr. Joshua Holmes. Mr. Holmes died in 1694 and, on 
July 4, 1698, his widow was married to the widowed Captain James 

Second Generation— James Avery 



The two middle panels at the bottom of the window contain 
the following inscription : 

This window is erected in memory of 

of this Church and Town by his 
"Well done good and faithful servant: 

James Avery, one of the founders 

descendants — A. D. 1902 
enter thou into the joys of thy Lord." 

78 The Groton Avery Clan 

Avery. Captain James Avery died April 18, 1700; his widow was 
living September 9, 1715, at which date she states that she has 
received full satisfaction from her two sons for her right of 
dower in the estate of Samuel Cheeseborough. {Stonington Deeds, 
hook 2:292. ) 

In studying the record of those days, the careful student is 
strongly impressed with the fact that Capt. James Avery was a 
very remarkable man. Living as he did in stirring times, he was 
a leader among strong men, enjoying their confidence and respect 
because he deserved them. Especially is it to be noted that, 
although the state took cognizance of affairs that we now call 
private and interfered in the details of family life and personal 
relations in a way that would not now be tolerated, he was never 
censured or "presented" for any shortcoming or alleged derelic- 
tion of duty or propriety. Eminent in all the relations of life, his 
descendants look upon him with pride and affection as one sans 
peur et sans reproche. 

Children of James and Joanna (Greenslade) Avery: 

Hannah', b. Oct. 11, 1644, at Gloucester, Mass. 

James", b. Dec. 16, 1646, at Gloucester, Mass. 

Mary% b. Feb. 29, 1647-8, at Gloucester, Mass. 

Thomas', b. May 6, 1651, at New London, Conn. 

John', b. Feb. 10, 1653-4, at New London, Conn. 

Rebecca', b. Oct. 6, 1656, at New London, Conn. 

Jonathan', b. Jan. 5, 1658, at New London; bu. Sept. 15, 1681, at 

New London; unm. 
Christopher', b. April 30, 1661, at New London; d. Dec. 8, 1683, 

at New London; unm. 
Samuel', b. Aug. 14, 1664, at New London, Conn. 













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3. Hannah" Avery (James', Christopher^) was b. Oct. 11, 
1644, at Gloucester, Mass. ; m. June 20, 1666, at New London, 
Conn., Ephraim Minor, s. of Thomas and Grace (Palmer) Minor,* 
of Stonington, Conn. He was bap. May 1, 1642, at Hingham, 
Mass. He lived at Stonington, Conn.; was a farmer; freeman, 
1669; deputy to the general court, 1676, 1677, 1681, 1690-1693, 
1699, 1701-1705, 1713; lieutenant of train band. He served in the 
King Philip war and for his services received arable land and 
cedar swamp in Voluntown. 

Thomas Minor, the father of Ephraim, in his famous diary, 

April, 1666: "The 11th day wensday The macth was made up between 
Ephraim and hanah Averie I gave the 2 horses to Ephraim and Josepth 
to buy Their weding suts sabath day the 15th Sabath day 22 Ephraim 
and hanah Averie was put over the meeting house dore. " 

In June of the same year he writes: ''wensday the 20, our 
Ephraim was married. ' ' 

"Ephraim sonn of Thomas Minor and Hanah daughter of James Averie 
were married ye 20 day of June 1666 by me Obediah Bruen. ' ' (Stoning- 
ton Records.) 

From Minor's diary we learn that Ephraim was one of the 
nine who "begun the Church at Stonington in June 1674." 

Feb. 1674-5. "the 28 day was sabath day Ephraim's wife was ppounded 

to the Church. 
"The 14. of March 1675. Hanah minor Ephraim's wife was admitted." 

(Minor's Diary.) 

The records often read: "Church met at Ephraim Minor's 
house. ' ' 

* The name is now commonly written Miner. We here follow the original 
autograph authority. 

80 The Groton Avery Clan 

Mrs. Hannah Minor died Aug. 22, 1721; Mr. Ephraim Minor 
d. May 19, 1724, both at Stonington. 

Children of Ephraim and Hannah (Avery) Minor (all b. in 
Stonington) : 

i. Hannah*, b. April 5, d. May 25, 1667. 

ii. Ephraim", b. June 22, 1668; bap. June 16, 1672; m. May 24, 1694, Mary 
Stevens, of Taunton, Mass.; deputy to general court many terms; 
justice of peace; selectman; captain of train band; member of 
Church of England; d. Feb. 19, 1739-40, at Stonington. 

iii. Thomas*, b. Dec. 17, 1669; bap. June 16, 1672; d. Sept. 8, 1688, at 
Stonington; unm. 

iv. Hannah', b. April 20, 1671; bap. June 16, 1672; m. Jan. 6, 1692, at 
Stonington, Samuel Frink. 

V. Rebecca*, b. Sept. 17, 1672; bap. Nov 15, 1674; m. July 8, 1696, at 
Stonington, Josiah Grant; d. Jan. 15, 1746-7, at Stonington. 

vi. Elizabeth', b. April 30, bap. Nov. 15, 1674; m. John Brown. 

vii. Samuel*, b. Dec. 9, 1675; d. before 1680. 

viii. Deborah*, b. April 15, bap. June 3, 1677; d. Aug., 1678. 

ix. Deborah', b. April, bap. March 30, 1679; m. July 8, 1696, at Stoning- 
ton, Joseph Pendleton; d. Sept. 8, 1698, at Stonington. Joseph 
Pendleton subsequently married her cousin. Patience Potts (No. 8, 

X. Samuel*, b. Aug. 28, 1680; bap. March 13, 1680-81; m. April 7, 1702, 
at Stonington, Ann Denison; ensign in train band; d. Dec. 8, 1717, at 
Stonington; s.p. 

xi. James*, bap. April 9, 1682; m. Feb. 2, 1704-05, at Stonington, Abigail 
Eldridge; m. 2d, May 4, 1721, at Stonington, Sarah Ayers; deputy 
to general court; lieutenant of train band; selectman; d. June 3, 
1726, at Stonington. 

xii. Grace*, b. Sept. 1683; bap. Nov. 14, 1683; m. Jan. 10, 1701, at Ston- 
ington, William Palmer; lived at Pun-hun-gue-nuck Hill, North 

xiii. John*, b. April 19, 1685; bap. June 7, 1685; m. May 5, 1709, at Stoning- 
ton, Mary Eldridge; justice of peace; d. 1717, at Stonington. 

^,^ " .- Sons, twins, b. and d. May 22, 1687. 

Ephraim, Thomas, and Hannah were bap. at the First Church, 
New London; the other children at the First Church, Stonington. 

4. James" Avery {James', Christopher') was b. Dec. 16, 1646, 
at Gloucester, Mass.; m. Feb. 20, 1669, at New London, Conn., 
Deborah Stallyon, dau. of Edward and Margaret Stallyon. The 
New London town records for 1669 contain the following entry: 

"James Avery jun. sonn of James Avery was marryed unto Deborah ye 
daughter of Edward Stallyon— 20 of February." 

The Third Generation 81 

Feb. 12. 1670, James Avery's wife Deborah was bap. in the First 
Church, New London. 

Jan. 12, 1670-71, Edward Stallyon and Margaret, his wife, 
deeded land to their son-in-law, James Avery, jun., which land 
they gave him with their daughter, "Debora, his now wife;" 
also a farm, upland and meadow, in or about Birch Playne on both 
sides of the river or creek which Stoney Brook runs into, with 
house and barn, &c. ; provided it is agreed James Avery is to keep 
for the use of the said Edward Stallyon and Margaret his wife 
during their life 12 head of cattle which he is to keep and look to 
both summer and winter. This document is signed by Edward 
Stallyon and James Avery. {New London Deeds, 5:18.) 

He also received numerous tracts of land from his father, one 
(March 28, 1679) being enough to make up a hundred acres "near 
the cart path that goes to John Morgans, near the county road." 
May 29, 1702, Capt. James ' and Capt. John ' Avery, Ephraim and 
Joseph Myner sold three hundred acres of land in Preston called 

James' Avery early disposed of his land on the General Neck, 
land that came to him from his father and grandfather, and lived 
on the east side of the river. Like his father, he took an important 
part in the affairs of the colony. He took the oath of freeman, 
Oct. 14, 1669. He was several times selectman of Groton, also 
justice of the peace; he was deputy from New London to the 
general court seven times (1690-1702), and from Groton nine times 
(1707-12) ; he was made sergeant of the train band. New London, 
June 5, 1683; he was commissioned lieutenant in May, 1690, and 
later became captain; he was counselor and advisor of the Pequot 
tribe and, in 1720, became their guardian; in 1723, he instituted 
suits to recover lands of which they had been deprived; he several 
times acted as interpreter to the council; he was often on com- 
mittees to settle boundary disputes and the location of public 
lands, and often served on the grand jury. (See Conn. Col. Rec.) 

Captain James' Avery took part in various expeditions against 
the Indians of Massachusetts and Connecticut. Under date of 
Sept. 13, 1703, Fitz-John Winthrop, then governor of Connecticut, 
wrote from New London to Capt. Avery, who was near Woodstock, 

"My letters fi*om Boston give me acct. that a marching-party of 600 men 
are moveing to finde the enemye's head-quarters, and therefore, till I 

82 The Groton Avery Clan 

heare farther, it is necessary that you attend to my former instruc- 
tions to you & farther, that you send one of your Company to me & 
to be here every Wedensday night, that I may have opportunely to 
give you orders pursuant to the acct. I may receive by post." 

Winthrop wrote again from New London, Sept. 22, 1703, telling 
Capt. Avery to march his English and Indians home, to dismiss 
them, and to come directly to New London, 

"that I may have full acct. of your proceedings and what has occurred to 
your observation relateing to the approach of ye enemy." 

In closing his letter, he said: 

"I have only to add my thankes to yourself & Company for their good ser- 
vice and am 

Yor. very loving f reind, J : Winthrop. ' ' 

Feb. 22, 1703-4, Joseph Dudley, then the royal governor of Massa- 
chusetts, wrote from Boston to Governor Winthrop thanking him 
for his care in the public service and saying: 

"That which I would have is 100 Indians and about twenty Englishmen 
well known to them, and Mr. Avery is recomended to mee as a sutable 
officer for them, to live abroad in a hut at a sutable place, to govern 
the western part of the Eastern Indians upon Lake Winepesioco [Lake 
Winnepesaukee], which is better known to us than to your people; . . . 
And therefore I have sent two hundred men well appointed, who 
marched this day fortnight, under our joynt kinsman Major Winthrop 
Hilton, to Pegwockit [Pigwacket], an Indian fort on the eastern side 
of the said lake to destroy or dislodge the Indians, and by no means to 
destroy the fort, which I hope they will report to be a good reception 
for your party. ' ' 

June 24, 1704, Gov. Winthrop wrote from New London to the 
committee of war calling attention to the condition of affairs at 
Northampton and vicinity and recommending that they give orders 

"yt that part of ye country may not be left naked & ye inhabitants of ye 

frontier towns there discouraged I am very sensible of our 

extraordinary charge, and have considered the proposal of drawing off 
ye garrison at Deerfield and calling home our forces to ye eastward. 
As to ye latter I wrote to Capt. Avery by Mr. Eliot, (who went from 
hence to Boston yesterday) to return with the forces under his com- 
mand. " 

Aug. 4, 1704, Capt. Avery with his Moheags was ordered to Groton 
to abide there for a time and to scour the woods thereabouts. He 
was unable to obey his command as, before the letter arrived, the 
Indians had gone into the Northern woods with a design to come 

The Third Generation 












84 The Groton Avery Clan 

upon the enemy's tracks on their return from Lancaster. ''So yt 
Capt. Avery cant march to Groton with them, as yr Honr men- 
tions, " wrote Daniel Wetherell. (Winthrop Papers, in Mass. 
Hist. Collections, series 6, vol. 3: 154, 155, 172, 229, 252, 253, and 
Avery's History of the United States and Its People, vol. 3: 291.) 

Capt. James" Avery was in the ill-fated expedition to Canada 
in 1709. His command included Indians, as the following- items 

July 6, 1715. "Ordered that Wednesday next, or as soon as may be, the 
Indians under command of Capt. James Avery and Capt. Manassah 
Miner, in the expedition against Canada in the year 1709, who are pre- 
sented by said captains as deserting from that service, with his Majes- 
ties arms, and several things belonging to his Majesties stores, be 
brought before the Gouvernour and Council to give an account of the 
arms, &c., which they deserted with: and that a warrant be drawn to 
said captains or either of them accordingly. " {Conn. Col. Rec, 5:515.) 

October 3, 1720. "Upon the motion of Capt. James Avery in behalf of 
Menobscus a Pequod Indian, who was one of his men, (and lost a brass 
kettle apprized at twelve shillings, when the scout was routed at the 
Crown Point) in the first expedition to Wood Creek: Resolved, that the 
clerk of the Council do make out an order to the treasurer, for the pay- 
ment of the sum of twelve shillings out of the publick treasury, to the 
aforesaid Indian, in full satisfaction of his kettle." {Conn. Col. Rec, 
6:205, and Avery's History of the United States and Its People, vol. 3: 
273, 293.) 

In 1696, the general court was petitioned for a grant of land 
to the volunteers in the Narragansett war. The court granted 
them a tract six miles square to be taken up in the conquered 
territory. In 1697, Lieutenant James ' Avery was one of a com- 
mittee to view said tract. In 1700, the tract was confirmed to the 
volunteers. In 1701, Lieutenant James" Avery was one of a com- 
mittee of five to receive and to decide on the correctness of the 
claims presented. Captain James' Avery and his three sons, 
James", Thomas ', and John ', were found to be entitled to grants in 
the new township. In addition to the first grant, the cedar swamp 
was divided and each of them, Capt. James ' and his three sons, 
received grants of "Cedar Swamp Lots." Captain James' Avery 
did not live to receive his Voluntown grants. Neither Indians nor 
the white men who were pressed into service received lands in 
Voluntown. James" Avery received lot No. 8 (arable) and lot No. 
178 (cedar swamp). See Boge's "Soldiers of King Philip's War," 
pp. 441, 442, 446. 

The Third Generation 85 

At the first town meeting of Groton, March 22, 1704 05, James' 
Avery was chosen to appear at Hartford to secure the approbation 
of the general court for a town east of the river. In 1705, he was 
chosen one of the surveyors of Groton. May 11, 1706, he was one 
of a committee to allot lands in that town. He was townsman in 
1706, 1708-1711, and justice of the peace in 1712. In December, 
1705, he and his brother, Samuel, were on a committee to settle 
the accounts with New London. July 15, 1708, he and his brother 
John were members of a committee to lay out 100 acres of land to 
Mr. Woodbridge. April 26, 1709, he was one of the committee 
whose duty it was to perambulate the bounds between the North 
Parish and Groton. In 1712, he was a member of the commission 
to divide the common lands. When the lands of Nowayunck 
(Noank) were allotted, he was given lot No. 18. See Minutes of 
Selectmen of Groton. 

James' Avery was early a member of the First Church at 
New London. He took up the work that his father had begun in 
1678 and, with Mr. Crary, appeared before the general court at its 
May session, 1696, in behalf of the inhabitants on the east side of 
New London River for liberty to embody themselves into a church, 
which application was refused, as the following shows: 

"Mr. James Averie and Mr. Crery inhabitants on the east side of New- 
London River, moved this court on behalf of the people there inhabit- 
ing, to grant the said people liberty to embody themselves into church 
state in order to their comfortable enjoyment of the ordinances of God. 
This court having considered the matter doe refer it to the Genrl Court 
on October next and doe advise the sd inhabitants to treat with their 
neighbors the inhabitants of the towne of New London in the mean 
time and to endeavore their concurrence with them in their desire." 
(Conn. Col. Rec, 4:164.) 

They again applied and were again refused: 

"May, 1697. Lieut. Averie and Mr. Burrows appeared in the Court to 
prosecute their application to this Court in behalf of the inhabitants of 
New London living on the east side of the river that this Court would 
grant them liberty to embody in a ch. way and to call a minister &c. 
This Court having considered their circumstances doe not see cause to 
grant their desire, there not being clear evidence of good agreement 
among them nor of their ability to afford a minister honorable mainte- 
nance. " {Conn. Col. Rec, 4:210.) 

By their persistence in this matter. Lieutenant Avery and 
others brought upon themselves the censure of the New London 


The Groton Avery Clan 

On the ninth of May, 1700, more than three score of the 
inhabitants of New London, most of whom lived on the east side 
of the river, lodged with the general assembly a complaint or 
"remonstrance" against their minister, the Reverend Gurdon Sal- 
tonstall. They claimed that the rates were illegally collected; that 
they were not allowed to choose their own collectors; that he had 
been absent about twenty Sundays in two years; that his favorites 
got the best pews and the best of the common lands; that, when 
the people called a town-meeting and elected new officers to 
redress their wrongs, Mr. Saltonstall got the governor and council 
to call a new election; that he objected to some voting on the 
ground that they were no "inhabitants," etc. From beginning 
to end, the remonstrance plainly shows the intensity of the feeling 
under which it was written; the electric charge crackles in every 
paragraph and in almost every sentence. Every one who signed 
it came under the censure of the church and more than one of 

them had to have his children 
baptized "in right of his wife. " 
To show that this discipline did 
not imply disorderly conduct or 
guiltiness of gross sins, it is 
worth while to give careful 
study to the hitherto obscure 
history of this remonstrance. 

He upon whose head these 
vials of wrath were poured out 
was no ordinary country pas- 
tor, meek and mild. Gurdon 
Saltonstall's was a powerful 
personality. Naturally of the 
strenuous type, his combative- 
ness had been called into sharp 
action by the growing heresy 
known as the half-way cove- 
nant. He was learned and elo- 
quent, and distinguished for 
his knowledge of men and af- 
fairs and for his elegance of 


manners. He was ordained 

The Third Generation 87 

as pastor of the New London church in 1691. In the "Early 
History" of that church, its late pastor, Dr. Blake, says (page 
218) that Saltonstall ' ' magnified his oflfice. He loved synods and 
was inclined to the more rigorous forms of ecclesiastical govern- 
ment." He also says (page 216) that Saltonstall "had the reputa- 
tion of being imperious; perhaps not altogether without reason." 
That the preacher was also a successful, practical politician ap- 
pears from the fact that from the first day of January, 1708, to 
his death in September, 1724, he was the governor of the colony 
of Connecticut. 

As already intimated, the true story of the remonstrance of 
1700 has never been written. Even as careful a historian as Dr. 
Blake did not find the key that opens the door of the long closed 
chamber. In his "Early History of the First Church " (page 220) 
he says: "What the complaints were, which were made against 
Mr. Saltonstall, we are not told, nor has any copy of them been 
preserved." But a copy of them was preserved. Unfortunately, 
Dr. Blake did not find it; we had better luck. The original docu- 
ment is on file in the state library at Hartford. The following is a 
true copy: 


To the Honorable General Assembly Sitting at Hartford The Ninth day of 
May, one thousand & Seven Hundred 

We the Subscribers being Inhabitants and for the most part freeholders, 
within the Town & Limits of New London. In this his Majesties 
Colony of Connecticut, have for divers years last past, found our Selves 
oppressed by ye unwarrantable and unjust actions of some of our 
Neighbors, who are kept in places & offices, by a party of kindred, 
or neer Relations, to our great damage, which we do here under humbly 
offer to lay before this Honorable Assembly, a brief account of part 
thereof for their information, & in order to our Reliefe therein. 

1st. That at Mr. Saltanstals (our present minister) Coming to this Town, 
his Annual allowance was stated by persons voluntary Subscriptions, 
to what they would pay him, which he accepted of. It amounting to 
betwixt fifty seven & fifty eight pounds money — if it is Objected that 
Some did not pay what they Subscribed for. It may be answered that 
it was then proposed by Majr Palmes, that four or six persons might 
then have been Chosen to goe to Contribution, and the Rest to have 
Accounted with the Deacon, which proposal was then Rejected by Capt. 

2ndly. That the vote or agreement entered in the Moderator's book the 26th 
of february, 1690-91 for paying one hundred & forty pounds by Rate 
for Maintanance of the Minister & for his wood was Either misunderstood 

88 The Groton Avery Clan 

or Entered wrong by the Moderator— For the agreement or vote was 
Seventy pounds money, and such as could not pay money were to allow 
Double in pay, this may be plentifully testified by Divers of the Church, 
and other honest men present at Said Meeting. Yet hath said minister 
taken the advantage of said Entry, and not minded the votes, or those 
that Informed him of it but hath Required and taken two thirds of 140 
lbs pay, which is ninety three pounds six shillings and eight pence 
money To the great oppression of our Selves & others, which we can 
neither prevent nor Remedy, because most of the Raters and Listers 
are his favorites and are still kept in places by his Influence & ye above 
said parties numerous Relations. 

3dly. Whereas it is entered in the Moderators book the said 26th of f ebruary 
1690-91, that what shall be procured of Mr Livins Estate, shall be part 
of ye 140 lb and so much of the Rate abated— yet at a Town meeting 
holdin July 2d 1694, Is Entry made in the moderators book, and said to 
be voted, that Mr Saltanstal shall (for his Encouragement in setling 
amongst us, and for purchasing some Lands to build on) have by vote 
given him ye Interest of the three hundred pounds money, in the hands 
of Majr Winthrop (which money was formerly given to the Town by 
the said Mr. Liven) for the term of three years— This was Contrived & 
Entered by that party untill others Appeared and objected, which caused 
it to be null, as the moderator also owns, yet is there no enterry made 
of its being vacated, but stands as fair as the enterry said to be voted 
ye 26th of february 1690-91 of 140 lbs for maintainance of the minister 
and may as justly be demanded of us. 

4thly. Mr. Saltenstal Procured a Law or order, of the (called) General Court 
at hartford January 22, 1697 (when there was none to Defend) for the 
place of New London in particular: that ye Constables shall collect ye 
Ministers Rate which thing is Contrary to a General & Established Law 
of this Colony, and unrepealed, which says that ye Towns, have liberty 
to Chuse Collectors, and what soever Complaints he made in Order to 
his Obtaining the same, he well knows the main Obstruction was his 
Demanding more than his Due, by which it appears that what we could 
not grant or allow, he will make it his business to Obtain power to force, 
contrary to all rules of justice or honesty. Likewise the false complaint 
to the said Court that the List was detained by Mr. Edgcomb &c by 
means whereof the Country Rate Could not be made. When it appears 
the Country Rate was then made, and only wanted Subscribing by some 
of the Rate makers, which Complaint procured an order also of the said 
Court, for the officer to break open Dores &c for obtaining said List, 
out of the persons Custody to whom it did justly belong, meerly on pur- 
pose to put into such hands, as would be Influenced to make the Minis- 
ters Rate as would best suit his Interest, Though Contrary to the 
declared minde of Sundry Substantial Inhabitants. 

5thly. That although Mr. Saltanstal is so Eager and Craving, after more 
than was ever allowed him by vote of ye People yet takes he the Liberty 
to be absent severall Sabbaths (esteemed to be about 20 & od Sabbaths 

The Third Generation 89 

in two years) About Law affairs as Attorney and about Country Ser- 
vice &c. for which he hath Considerable allowance (as is said) that it 
seemeth very hard for us, not only to pay more than would be justly 
due to him if he performed his Duty punctually towards us, but also 
to pay for Service he performeth not, and moreover to pay our Shares 
of what the Country allows him besides. 

6thly. It is entered as above mentioned in the ToMm order of ye 26th of 
february 1690-91, that what Shall be procured of Mr. Livens Estate 
shall be part of ye 140 lb, and so much of the Rate, abated, which we 
finde was never allowed the Town but one year— yet Capt. Witherell & 
Nehemiah Smith, give under their hands that they have perused the 
particulars of Mr. Saltanstals accounts, and do finde in them,^ that the 
Town have Credit by the Interest of Mr. Livens money, in the years 
92: 93: 94: 95: & 96 the Sum of ninety & one pounds as money— from 
which grounds And on what Account this money hath been Received 
and paid to him we are kept Ignorant of —for the.Rate is made generally 
more than the sum of 140 lb pay, or two thirds money, and if the 
Collectors gather it not, are sued and Lyable to pay it themselves— If 
they Shall Say it is for old Arreares before Rating it is Answered each 
person then Subscribed for himselfe, and not to pay more than his own 
share nor did the Town Agree then for any sum Certaine but what each 
would freely subscribe & pay— If they pretend it a gift of the Town 
Towards Building his house &c. It is answered above in the third 

7thly. As the Claym for the said Ministers Rates for the Reasons above 
mentioned is unjust & oppressive, so the method of Rending from us 
what is so unjustly Claymed with out tryall and Selling the same at an 
Outcry, Doth greatly aggrievate our Oppression. Neither Do we 
approve of the Dissenters being so dealt with, whose Estates Are 
generally Sold for less than halfe the value & Seldom any overplus 
Returned, —which Methods are Contrary to the Principles and practices 
of our former Ministers, who would not suffer any persons to be dis- 
trained on for their Rates, Their principle Aymes being to promote the 
free progress of the Gospell (the work to which they were called) and 
the preserving of peace and Amity amongst their People. 

8thly. That the Town have often Endeavored to pay their just debts to all 
persons to whom they owed for any Service done &c And have Ordered 
Rates proportionable for discharging the same yet have that pay or 
money So ordered, been drawn out of the Collector's hands, by some of 
the above hinted party or family, and Converted to Other uses without 
ye Towns knowledge or assent, And thereby divers unpaid when due, 
much not gathered, to the great prejudice of such as do pay, who are 
also Constrained to pay againe what hath been so drawn from the 
Collector, or ungathered, as is too Evident. 

9thly. That we have been and are greatly damaged by the above said 
party or Relations, in their Selling or other wayes Disposing to their 
favorites our Common Lands (as they please Contrary to an order made 

90 The Groton Avery Clan 

and allowed by the Town for neer 40 years which Order hath Reserved 
such Lands for Commonage) which hath been denyed to Old Setlers 
when they have Desired it— Their manner hath been to Call Town 
Meetings when neer two thirds of the Town have no notice or knowl- 
edge thereof, or what is there Intended to be done by them— The 
Laudable practice of other places of Convening ye people by due Warn- 
ing being wholly Rejected by them, and no other notice generally given, 
but a paper set on ye meeting house on ye Lords Day, where only such 
as go in at that door Can have sight thereof, And few that will or can 
Read what is there written. The generality of the people. Especially 
those on ye East side seldom getting knowledge thereof, by Reason of 
their going elsewhere to meeting and of their Remoteness of living — 
Nor have we any account what use the money is put to for such lands 
as are sold by them, without Order or power. 

lOthly. Our people generally have been very forward & unanimous, to pro- 
mote and pay for the building of our new meeting house, Tho at a very 
hard Rate (viz at 12d in ye pound) And in so Dificalt a Season, when 
many wanted bread for their families And now it is Built, we finde the 
said party or Relations very Ambitious & predominate, in promoting 
themselves and Favourites Into the Chiefest places thereof. Whilst 
Others of Equall or better degree, are put by the places they Enjoyed 
In the former Meeting-house, Contrary to an agreement of the present 
Committy, which was that all Should be Seated as in the former 
Meeting-house, northward of ye East and West doors— Also the Body 
of ye Meeting-house (by their Influence) Is so Cumbered with Pews for 
advancing their said favorites (Tho many of them young, of Ordinary 
Estates, Extract & Education) That the more Substantial, more 
Ancient & more Numerous persons are Crowded into those few short 
seats, Conteening scearce one third part of the Said Room— Also we 
have no account how our money is Expended, or what is ungathered, 
or in whose hands. Only it is Rumored that the Carpenters are unpaid, 
whose allowance for building much Exceeds the former house by pro- 
portion—Also the Rate for Seating said house &c is unaccounted for. 
However we are made sensible that said Carpenters have allowed them 
for Seating Said Meeting-house, Pulpit, &c 70 lb Money, being a third 
part more than Ought to be allowed as by ye judgment of Other 
workmen, but more especially Considering they take upon them to Croud 
the house so fully of Pews, And dispose of them for their own private 
proffeit to whom they please, without the Approbation of the Town, so 
that they have but little seating work to doe for so great a sum of 
money, of the publick. Because the privat Pew purchasers, pay over 
again for their partition and seatings of much that should have been 
the Publicks Room. 

llthly. For Removal of these and other Greviances, we were desirous In a 
Legal way to provide a Remedy & Accordingly Did meet on our stated 
day for electing Town officers, being the last Thursday of february 
past, at ye usual place where Capt. Daniel Witherel moderator for the 

The Third Generation 91 

Last year, Ordered the People to bring in their votes for first Towns- 
man (who by a late order of the Town had power when chosen to stand 
moderator at that present meeting) The Choyce fell upon Majr Edwd 
Palmes & was so declared by said Capt. Witherel, who Ordered the 
Constable to proclaim it, & call for their votes for ye Second Towns- 
man, which was attended, and the Choyce fell upon said Capt. Witherel, 
After which some Dispute arose, about some persons that had voted 
(as Mr. Samuel Rogers & some others that stood by.) Majr Palmes 
coming up to the meeting Enquired of the Constable & others how the 
Choyce went & was Informed That himself was chosen first Townsman 
(and consequently moderator) & Capt. Witherel the second upon which 
Information said Palmes took his place as moderator, And Ordered the 
Constable to call for their votes for third Townsman which Choyce fell 
on Mr. Thomas Boles, 28 votes the 4th Mr. John Edgcomb, 30 votes, 
the 5th, Lieut. James Avery, 31 votes, the 6th Lieut. John Morgan, 31 
votes, the 7th, Serg. PhiHp Bill, 27 votes. Then it was voted with full 
Consent that the present Townsmen, (viz) Majr. Edward Palmes, Capt. 
Daniel Witherel, Mr. Thomas Boles, Mr. Jno Edgcomb, Lieut. James 
Avery, Lieut. Jno. Morgan & Sergeant Philip Bill should be List 
makers and Rate makers for the ensuing year. That John Chapman, 
John Rogers Senior, William Douglas, Jun., Mr. George Denison, & 
Nathaniel Chappell should be surveyors on high wayes, on the Town or 
West side of the River, And that Sergeant Stark, John Fanning & John 
Morgan, Jr. should be surveyors of high ways on the East side of the 
River. Fence viewers then chosen were Jno Chappell, Jno Richards, 
& James Morgan Jr., & so ye said meeting broke up. 

12thly. Some party (the minor part) being unsatisfied at this Choyce, In 
that themselves were Laid by and their former actions like to be 
enquired into. Contrived a Groundless pretense Complaining to ye 
Gouvenour and Councill, that their Surveyors for high wayes (whom 
they had chosen in a corner) would not be Obeyed for mending the high 
wayes— That it was a Groundless pretence, calculated only to make 
their Complaint Seem Reasonable, most plainly appears: Because: If 
their pretended Surveyor had been never so Legally chosen, yet no 
men of sense would have called men out to that work at so unseason- 
able a time, it being the first week in March, and the Ground Hard 
frozen— However this pretended Complaint Procured an order of the 
Governour and Councill of the 6th of March (but not in the Kings name) 
Directed to the Constable for warning The Inhabitants to Convene the 
18th of said March, to make Choyce of Selectman, Surveyors & Other 
Town oflficers. At which time the Generality of the Inhabitants mett 
at the Meeting-house. Partly to Defend the Choice that was made on 
their stated Day for such election, being the Last thursday of february : 
And partly to hear what would be Object against their Being Inhabi- 
tants, For such an notion (in Order to Cause obstruction) had been 
Started, Tho no Law or president, to Render the Greater part of the 
people no Inhabitants can be produced as practised, at Least not since 

92 The Groton Avery Clan 

the Revolution. But all that shall come to such meeting have the liberty 
to vote both in ours and in Other Towns, Thorrought the Whole Colony, 
as it was practised, in the voting for the present Govenour to goe 
agient [against]. Also the charter gives power to Assemble Marchall 
array, and List in warlike posture ye Inhabitants of said Colony. 
Moreover, the treasuries warrant Runs to the Constables to collect of 
the Inhabitants From whome (as we conceive) It is demonstratively 
implied without all peradventure, that all persons, so Trained or Rated 
are without object Lawfully Accounted to be Inhabitants: Otherwise 
there hath been Divers Illegal meetings, and many acts passed that call 
for Repealing both in this Town and elsewhere. Or at Leastwise, if on 
the Other hand they are not to be Accounted Inhabitants Then are they 
not the persons According to Charter, that can Lawfully be Trained or 
Rated: which thing would be of a very fatall Ruinous consequence. 
However before the said meeting broke up, the names of such then 
present, as were not entered in the List of the Ancent Inhabitants, 
were taken And an agreement made that the said names should be 
Read over for the old inhabitants to make objection against such as 
they saw cause (which was done.) They only Objecting against two 
persons, and one under age. The rest to be esteemed Inhabitants (as 
most of those in the old List were Accepted of one another without 
voting) . This being done such was our Condesention Once again to put 
the Choice of such officers to the vote. An order was given to the 
Constable to call for the votes for the first Townsman, which was 
attended the Choyce again faUing on Majr Palmes, 51 votes. But by 
Reason of Obstructions Raised by the Dissatisfied (minor) party, And 
it being late in the day nothing more was Done but the meeting broke up. 

ISthly. We have Imployed and Impowered Maj Edwd Palmes, Lieut. James 
Avery, & Lieut. Jno. Morgan to present this our Remonstrance to the 
Honorable the General Assembly (as it first directed) also to make 
application thereof and to Receive & Embrace such Orders for our 
Reliefe, as the verity of our Aggrievances, And the justness of our 
Complaints Shall move the Said Honorable Court to Appoint. 

Subscribed by us in behalfe of our Selves, & several Others, who with us 
are highly Sensible of these our Aggrievances in Generall & mostly 
of Each particular thereof. 

The Third Generation 


i^rh I 



y^£^ ^S^.f ^^^^y l^^^Jorr 

<^. /?»^9 





<3^^Tj"if '^^s^^^c 



(CownecticMf Ecclesiastical Documents. Book 1. No. 145) 

94 The Groton Avery Clan 

In his "Early History of the First Church " (pages 218, 219), 
Dr. Blake says that this list of ' ' Complaints against the Elder of 
the Church of Christ in New London" was "signed by five 
members of said church, viz., Lieut. James Avery, John Morgan, 
Sam'l Bill, John Fox, and John Morgan, Jr., and presented to and 
published in the last general assembly sitting at Hartford, May 9, 
1700, by James Avery, John Morgan, and Edward Palmes." The 
general court referred the remonstrance to an ecclesiastical council 
that met June 12, 1700, and reported to the New London church 
at a meeting of the brethren held June 19, 1700. Dr. Blake's 
statements are based upon the records of that church meeting. 
Never having seen the document in question, he did not imagine 
that the list of more than sixty signers had been cut down to five. 

Dr. Blake tells us (page 219) that the original report of the 
ecclesiastical council ' ' has been lost and was never entered upon 
the minutes of the Church. We are not informed as to the details 
of the findings of the council. But we know that by its advice, 
the offenders were censured and suspended from the privileges of 
the Church, which, as we have seen, was done in the case of 
James Avery, Jr., and others." But in two places in his book 
(pages 207 and 217) , Dr. Blake gives the date of this discipline of 
the church as May 26, 1700, James Avery's child being baptized 
"in right of his wife, he being under offence." At that time, the 
remonstrance had been presented to the general court at Hartford, 
but it had not even been considered by the ecclesiastical council 
which did not convene until June 12, and did not report to the 
New London church until a week later. It is impossible that the 
penalty imposed upon James Avery, as above mentioned, was by 
the advice of the Killingly council; it is more likely that it was 
the arbitrary act of the able and "imperious" pastor. 

A man like Gurdon Saltonstall was not likely to let such a 
matter rest without further notice. He was the pastor and chief 
adviser of Fitz-John V/inthrop, the governor, and had great influ- 
ence with the council and their representatives at Hartford. The 
colonial records show that the general court demanded that the 
remonstrants appear before it to answer the said Saltonstall; the 
warrant was duly served and return thereof was made on Sep- 
tember 30, 1700. 


To the Honbl, the Gov & Councill; & the Representatives of his 
Majties Colony of Connecticut, convened in Generall Assembly, at 
Hartford, Octob ye 10: 1700. 

The Third Generation 95 

The humble Petition of Gurdon Saltonstall, Minister of the 
Gospell, in New London, within ye Colony aforesd. 

That y Petitioner sometime in May last past, had a Paper comprehend- 
ing severall Articcles of Accusation, in which are contained Severall 
particulars, false and of a Nature highly Scandalous, tending to the 
great Defamation of yr Petitioner, presented agt him, in both Houses of 
the Honbl Generall Assembly, then sitting in Hartford, by Majer Edward 
Palmes Esq Leiv James Avery, & Leivt John Morgan all of New Lon- 
don, in the Colony aforesd: Of Which Injury Your Petitioner neither 
hath, or can obtain of the sd Persons any manner of Satisfaction; Yr 
Petitioner therefore being fixed in the Ministeriall Office, within this 
Colony, & under the Protection of his Majties Government established 
in the Same, humbly moves Yr Honrs to take Cognizance of the sd 
defamatory Accusation; that if the aforesd Persons presenting the 
same before the aforesd Genii Assembly are able to make good the 
sd Slanderous Accusation, & to justifie before this Honbl Court 
(where they themselves have laid it & pray Sd Judghment) the Charge 
therein made, in those defamatory Parts of it agt Yr Petitioner, they may 
be obliged thereunto: But if they shall not be able to justifie the same, 
that then Yr Petitioner may obtain such Judghment agt the sd Accus- 
ers, for ye sd Publique Slander, as the meritt of the Cause shall require, 
& this Honbl Assembly shall judge meet— Yr Petitioner having for that 
End, procured a Citation of ye sd Persons so falsely & Slanderously [?] 
accusing him, to appear before this Honbl Court, and given them a Copy 
of this Petition as the Law in Such Cases provides; And also most wil- 
lingly referring himself (as the sd Accusers do pretend for them- 
selves) to the Judghment or Determination of this Honbl Court, in 
all the matter of Complaint, contained in any of the sd Articles of 
Accusation against him. 

And Yr Petitioner 

shall ever pray &c: 
Originall Writ and 

Petition Coppy 

The above is a copy of Connecticut Ecclesiastical Document, 
No. 148, State Library, Hartford. 


To Majer Edward Palmes Esq Lt James Avery Lievt: 
John Morgan, all of New London, within his Majties 
Colony of Connecticut. 

Whereas You, and each of You, did, (sometime in the month of May last 
past, at Hartford, in the Colony aforesd, & in the Honbl Genii Court 
then Setting there) in Yr own Names, (& as was also alledged by You, 
in the Name of severall other Persons,) present & make Publication, of 
a certain Paper, conteining Severall Articles of Accusation, agt the 

96 The Groton Avery Clan 

Revd Mr Gurdon Saltonstall Minister of the Gospell, in ye sd Town of 
New London, comprehending severall Particulars false & of a nature 
highly Slanderous and tending to his great Defamation; Whereof the 
sd Saltonstall doth Complaine, to the next Genii Assembly to be 
holden at Hartford on the tenth day of October next ensuing the date 
hereof, by a Petition, the Copy of Which for Your more full informa- 
tion, is annexed hereunto. 

These are therefore in his Majties Name, to require You the sd Majer Edwd 
Palmes Esq Lt James Avery, & Lievt John Morgan, & each of You, to 
appear at the sd Genii Court, to be holden at Hartford, on the tenth day 
of sd October to answer the sd Complaint of ye sd Revd Mr Gurdon 
Saltonstall; for Yr aforesd defamatory Accusation, and to respond to 
ye sd Complaint in such Damages as ye sd Honbl Court shall award or 
judge meet; and hereof faile not, as You will answer the Contrary- 
Given under my hand in New London, Sept: ye 16th 1700. 

To the Sheriff of the County or Constable of the Town of New London or 
either of them; to serve and return to the next Genii Court; or to ye 
Secrty of the Colony 
before Sd Court. Daniell Wetherell 


The abovewritten Warrant was read to Majer Edwd Palmes & served ac- 
cording to law, and a Copy of the Petition annexed was given to him: 
Sept: ye 27th: 1700. The Same Warrant was read to Lt James Avery, 
& Lt. John Morgan, abovenamed and served according to Law & a copy 
of ye Sd Petition, given to Lt John Morgan, & another Copy of the 
Same offered to Leivt James Avery, but refused by him, 
Sept: 28: 1700 

N Lond: Sept: 30th: 1700 by mee. 

John Prentts Sh 

The above was copied from the Connecticut Ecclesiastical 
Documents in the State Library at Hartford. It is not numbered. 
Document No. 149 is the sheriff's "A bill of Charge for the Surv- 
ing the within [ ] ac Cording too Law." The charge for 

service on Major Palmes was 6d. ; for service on Lieutenant Avery, 
Is. , 3d. ; for service on Lieutenant Morgan, 3s. ; total 4s. , 9d. 


To the Honbl House of Representatives 
Setting at Hartford. October ye 10th: 1700. 
The Reasons for hearing the Case laid before this Honbl House by Gurdon 
Saltonstall Minister of ye Gospell, in his Petition now before this House, 
relating to a Paper Of Articles exhibited agt him before this House in 
May last, by Majr Edwrd Palmes Lt James Avery & Leivt: John 
Morgan, of New London. 

The Third Generation 97 

1. Bee: The Defamation wh yr Petitioner supposes to be contained in those 

Articles agt him, being made in the Generall Assembly of the whole 
Country, Yr Petitioners Good name so injured cannot possibly be justly 
vindicated by any private [illegible] which is consonant to the Judgh- 
ment & Advice of many unbiassed Judicious Persons; without which I 
should not have moved in this matter; 

2. Bee : The af oresd Persons so injuring Ye Petitioner, have since May last, 

openly professed & frequently, that they were able to make out & 
would prove before this Honbl House, the whole matter charged by 
them agt Ye Petiter: and Severall Persons who have been drawn in to 
sign ye aforesd Papers, have hitherto delayed attendance on their 
necessary Duty, ecclesiastically considered; in Confidence of the Sd 
Accusation being here proved and made out; 

3. Bee: Yr Petitioner doth certainly know that it is the desire of the most 

of the Inhabitants of the Sd Town of New London, who wish the Peace 
& weall of the Same that all matters of Controversy complained of in 
the aforesd Paper relating to Yr Pettionr should be determined by this 
Court; as the only likely expedient to satisfie all. 

4. Bee: If wt is alledged agt Yr Petitioner should be true it will be not only 

proper but necessary for this Honbl Court to reflect thereupon; and on 
the other hand Yr Petitioner humbly conceives, (especially in respect 
of the office He sustains within this Government) that he may claime 
the priviledge of being vindicated from those Aspersions by the Judgh- 
ment of this Honbl Court; which is the only thing He Craves agt the Sd 
Persons so complaining agt him. 
And Nevertheless, He doth hereby, publiquely and in the Presence of this 
Honbl House, offer to the aforesd Persons to obligd himself with them, 
in Sufficient Bonds, to abide by the Judghment of Such Arbitrators, as 
shall be chosen; or shall be appointed by the Genii Court now Setting, 
to issue finally & determine all matters of difference, complained of by 
them in ye f oresd Paper, agt Yr Petitioner: so far as they come under 
a civill consideration, and are issuable by Law & Evidence or according 
to Justice & Equity: which He hereby declares himself ready to do; 
notwithstanding the aforesd Judghment & Vindication of this Honbl 
House, humbly and as He hopes, not inconsistent with the well known 
principles of Religion & Equity, sought for by Yr Petitioner. 

G: Saltonstall. 
(Conn. Ecclesiastical Doc, No. 146.) 


To the Honed Generall Court now Assembled at Hartford the 10th 
of October 1700;— the Reply or Answer of Edward Palmes and 
James Avery Sen Both of New London, (in behalfe of themselves 
and Lieuts John morgan of Sd New London) to a draught or prayer 
styled a Petition under the name of mr Gurdon Saltonstall of Said 
New London — 

98 The Groton Avery Clan 

That whereas, the Said Palmes, Avery and Morgan, —did in beehalfe of 
themselves and a great number of Substantial! Inhabitants of the towne 
aforesd Present to the honed Generall Court (Assembled at Hartford 
on the 9th of may last past) A Certayne Information and Complaints 
of Publick grievances by which they were oppressed in Said towne; — 
Expecting A matter soe Important and Proper to be by their Authorety 
Redressed:— would have bin Considered And Such offycers and offend- 
ers, Complayned of as foully to have bin Cytid and Examined, Con- 
cerneing what was AUedged — Butt in stead thereof; — the said writeing 
wherein Sd Complaints & Information was Contayned, — (which was left 
with the Secretary of Said Court) was Caryed to New London: and 
there Impoured by the abouesd Saltonstall, — to Rayse Agreat deal of 
trouble in Church & towne. And now one under the name of Salton- 
stall hath Summoned the Said Palmes Avery & morgan, to answer 
before this honed Court, for a Pretended false and Slanderouse accusa- 
tion of him the Said Saltonstall; — which is Exceedingly Injuriouse and 
absolutely Illegall upon the following Grounds, — 

lly the Draught styled a Petition,— under the name of sd Saltonstall, is 
Really a Scandellouse Libell, — Because Said Saltonstall, (or others in 
his name.) had not signed it, — (yf that be atrue Coppey that the offycer 
hath Attested & deliuered) whereby Said Palmes Avery & morgan; — 
knowes not of whome to Recover damages for the accusation alledged, — 
or Cost for their trouble &c. 

2dly Yf Said Saltonstall hath Cause of action for afalse & Slanderouse 
accusation he ought to assigne the matter of Said Slander, —or what 
word it did Consist in otherwaies Said Palmes &c. Cannot Know 
what to Answerto, — or what Evidence to bring to vindicate them- 

3dly Yf Said Saltonstall have Cause of action for Slander, — he may have 
his Remedy at the Comon law,— for it is a knowne Rule & Presedent 
in this Court that where any person may have his Remedy at the Comon 
law, —he Cannot nor ought not be Admitted in the Court,— because none 
ought to be denyed ajury:— wherefore Said Palmes &c. desyred that 
they may have the priuelledge of Subjects,— and the Libertie of the 
Law;— to be tryed by a Jury of their Equalls, —whose oath will obleidge 
them, to give verdiff according to law & Eudience and that the Said 
Saltonstalls Case Soe Illegallay Brought before this Court may be dis- 

Edwd= Palmes: 

Oct 1700 James Avery 

{Conn. Ecclesiastical Doc. No. 147) 


On the tenth of October, the lower house declared Mr. 
Saltonstall not guilty as charged; the upper house concurred in 
the action four days later. 

The Third Generation 99 

October: 10th: 1700 

Whereas Majer Palmes, Lieut James Averye and Lieut John Morgan all of 
Newlondon did present a paper in the Generall Assembly Sitting at 
Hartford May Last: Conteining Severall Articles, alledging divers 
things against the Reverent Mr. Gurdon Saltonstall, with Reference to 
his Settlmt in the office of the ministry in Newlondon which they desired 
the Generall Court to take order about And the said Gurdon Saltonstall 
having by petition Complained to their General Court As being Iniured 
and defamed by the Said Persons And also laid before this Court the 
whole State of his Settlement in the ministry at Newlondon, by pre- 
senting the votes of Said town relating thereunto, and prayed the 
Judgmt of this Court thereupon. The Court in Compliance with those 
Requests Having given opportunitye to the Said persons to offer (in the 
Said premises) what they See cause Bee Soe good to declare; And doe 
hereby declare that the Said Mr. Gurdon Saltonstall free from [illegible] 
those Iniurious and wrongs Charged upon him in the Said paper: And 
undeserving of the Same. And doe approve of the votes of the towne 
of Newlondon Relating to the a foresaid Settlement of the Reverent 
Mr. Gurdon Saltonstall as agreeable to the Lawes of this Colonie: 

passd in the lower house 

attester Eleazer Stent Clerk 

Past in the upper house October 14, 1700 
Test Eleazar Kimberly Secery 
(Conn. Ecclesiastical Doc, No. 150. Also see Conn. Col. Rec, 4:338). 

It will be remembered that this remonstrance was closely- 
related to the agitation for a separate church on the east side of 
the river, a movement that was begun in 1678 by James' Avery, 
as recorded on page 69 of this volume. The remonstrance quickly 
forced the issue and ended in the ecclesiastical independence de- 
sired. In 1702, the town voted that the people east of the river 
should be permitted to organize a church and to have a minister of 
their own. The minister was to have a salary of seventy pounds 
a year and the meeting-house was to be thirty-five feet square — all 
at the joint expense of the two sides. The Rev. Ephraim Wood- 
bridge was ordained as the first minister of the new church, Nov- 
ember 8, 1704. A few months later (February 20, 1704 05) the 
inhabitants of the west side amicably consented that the people of 
the east side be released from watch and ward and left to their own 
management as a separate town. That year, the general court 
passed an act incorporating the town of Groton; the name was 
that of the ancestral home of the Winthrops in Suffolk, England. 
This new Groton had an area of about seventy-two square miles of 
farms, forests, and waste lands with nothing like a hamlet. 

Avery airectea tne paymenr oi v 

100 The Groton Avery Clan 

In 1714, it would seem that there was a new church building 
in Groton and that Captain James' Avery was one of the commit- 
tee to seat it. The first names on the list of those in full commun- 
ion with the church are those of Captain James' Avery and his 
wife. They lived at the head of Poquonock plain. He is generally 
spoken of as James Avery, Jr. 

March 15, 1717, in a deed of lands to his oldest son, James' 
Avery directed the payment of ten pounds money to each of "my 

five daughters," Deborah Allyn, 
Margaret Morgan, Hannah 
Morgan, Sarah Latham, and 
Mary Morgan. In many deeds, 

Facsimile Signature ^^^^^ ^^^^^ ^j^-g ^j^^ ^^^ ^^^ 

James Avery 

From a deed dated March 15. 1717 entered on the books Until his 

death, he provided liberally for his sons. March 15, 1717, he 
mentioned sons James, Edward, Ebenezer, Christopher, Jonathan, 
Joseph and Benjamin, and left each a seventh part of his "arms 
as guns and swords" also land in "Pawgounck." (New London 
Wills, C:373). 

When the Rev. Thomas Prince was collecting material for his 
History of New England, he received the following from Groton : 

Groton, April 22, 1728. 
An account of the Age, Death and Posterity of Capt. James Avery. 

He died in the 83d year of his age, leaving 12 children alive, 11 of whom 
attended his funeral with their mother who was in the 78th year of her 
age. They lived together in the married state 61 years and 6 mos. 
Three score and five of his family attended his funeral. His children 
living at the time of his death were 7 sons and 5 daughters; the poster- 
ity arising from them 114 souls, 41 grandsons, 14 great grandsons, 47 
grand daughters, 12 great grand daughters— 114. {Conn. Hist. Society 
Publications, 3:317.) 

The date of this document is not correct. James Avery Jr., died 
August 22, 1728, at Groton {Groton Records). Joshua Hemp- 
stead, in his diary which has been published, writes under date of 
August 24, 1728: "Capt. Ja. Avery & Dea. Manasseh Minor of 
Stonington both buried & upwards of 80 years" (p. 201). Mrs. 
Deborah Avery died March 27, 1729 {Groton Records). Wednes- 
day, March 26, 1729. "Mrs. Avery died aged 78 years, widow of 
Capt. James" {Hempstead's Diary). 

The Third Generation 





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-Chi '/iW /7>-^-M''-^''^ <^. 








■^■^ ^.— -/— ^-.— J'-^-'-.^i.^- 



























102 The Groton Avery Clan 

Children of James' and Deborah (Stallyon) Avery, b. at 
Groton : 

Deborah*, b. August 1, 1671. 

James', b. April 20, 1673. 

Margarets b. Feb. 4, 1674. 

Edward*, b. March 20, 1676. 

Ebenezer', b. May 1, 1677. 

Christopher', b. Jan. 23, 1679. 

Jonathan*, b. Nov. 9, 1681. 

Mercy*, b. Feb. 4, 1683; bap. July 19, 1685, First Church of 

Christ, Stonington; d. y. 
Hannah*, b. March 4, 1685. 
Sarah*, b. May 10, 1688. 

Joseph*, bap. April 17, 1692, First Church of New London. 
Mary*, bap. July 2, 1693, First Church of New London. 
Benjamin*, b. 1696. 

5. Marie' Avery* {James-, Christopher') was b. Feb. 19, 1648, 
at Gloucester, Mass.; m. Oct. 23, 1668, at New London, Conn., 
Joseph Minor, s. of Thomas and Grace (Palmer) Minor, of Ston- 
ington, Conn. He was bap. Aug. 25, 1644, at Hingham, Mass. 
He lived at Stonington; was a farmer and physician; freeman, 
1669; deputy to the general court, 1696, 1706; selectman, 1694-98, 
1704, 1709, 1710. He served in the King Philip war and for his 
services received arable land and cedar swamp in Voluntown. 

Thomas Minor records in his diary, March, 1667-8: 

"wensday the 18, we made an End between Jossepth & Marie Averie. " 
On the Stonington town books is the following: 

Joseph, son of Thomas Minor and Marie, daughter of James Averie of 
New London, married the 23d of October [1668] by Lieut. James 

Joseph Minor and his wife, Marie, were admitted to the 
church at Stonington, April 11, 1675. She died Feb. 2, 1708, at 
Stonington. Dec. 7, 1709, he married Bridget Chesebrough, 
widow of William Thompson, by whom he had a daughter, 
Bridget, who was bap. in March, 1711, and m. Nov. 4, 1730, at 
Stonington, Jonathan Chesebrough. Joseph Minor died Feb. 1, 
1711-2, at Stonington. He was buried beside his wife, Marie, at 

* On the New London record of births, the name is spelled Mary; on the 
later records, the name is spelled Marie. 

The Third Generation 103 

Children of Joseph and Marie (Avery) Minor, b. at Stoning- 
ton, and bap. in the First Church there: 

i. Joseph', b. Sept. 19, 1669; bap. April 18, 1675; m. June 18, 1700, at 
Stonington, Sarah Tracy; deputy to the general court; selectman; 
d. Feb. 8, 1739-40, at Stonington. 

ii. Marie% b. Oct. 6, 1671; bap. April 18, 1675; m. Jan. 27, 1692, at Ston- 
ington, Elisha Chesebrough; d. Nov. 29, 1704, at Stonington. 
Elisha Chesebrough was brother of Abigail Chesebrough who mar- 
ried John Avery (No. 7), the uncle of Marie. 

iii. Mercie', b. Aug. 21, 1673; bap. April 18, 1675; m. Dec. 20, 1696, at 
Preston, Francis West; they moved to Tolland, Conn., where he 
was a large land owner, first deacon of the church and selectman, 
1720, 1722. They both died at Tolland. 

iv. Benjamin*, bap. June 25, 1676; m. Nov. 15, 1697, at Stonington, Mary 
Saxton; d. Feb. 28, 1710, at Stonington. 

V. Sarah', bap. March 30, 1679; m. May 21, 1706, Nathaniel Tracy, 
brother of Sarah who m. Joseph Minor as recorded above. She d. 
Nov. 24, 1753, at Preston and is buried with her husband in the 
"Old Palmer burying ground." He d. March 12, 1751, at Preston. 

vi. Joanna', b. Dec. 12, 1680 (Minor's Diary); bap. March 13, 1681; m. 
Stephen Richardson; admitted to First Church of Stonington, April 
26, 1702; d. Jan. 15, 1726 {tombstone). 

vii. Christopher', b. Dec. 28, 1683 {Minor's Diary); bap. June 13, 1684; 
m. March 9, 1704, MaryLaye; d. before April 12, 1709, at Stoning- 
ton, at which time his brother, Joseph, administered his estate. 
{Neiv London Probate Court Journal., 1:80.) 

viii. Prudence^ bap. May 6, 1688; m. Feb. 17, 1707, at Stonington, Joseph 
Denison; d. May 26, 1726, at Stonington. 

6. Thomas'' Avery {James', Christopher') was b. May 6, 1651, 
at New London, Conn. ; m. Oct. 22, 1677, at Stonington, Hannah 
Minor, dau. of Lieut. Thomas and Grace (Palmer) Minor. She 
was b. Sept. 15, 1655, at Stonington; d. about 1692. He m., 2d, 
March 13, 1693, at Wethersfield, Conn., Mrs. Hannah (Raymond) 
Bulkley, dau. of Joshua and Elizabeth (Smith) Raymond, and 
widow of Dr. Charles Bulkley. She was b. Aug. 8, 1668, at Nor- 
wich, Conn. 

Wethersfield, March 13, [1693] 
This may certify whome it may concerne that Mr. Thomas Avery & Mrs. 
Hannah Bulkley both of New London in their Majesties Colony of Conn 
in New England married at Weathersfield, afor'sd on the said day of 
the date of these presents 

By or before me— 

John Chester 

Justice of Peace. 

104 The Groton Avery Clan 

Thomas' Avery may have lived for a short time at Stonington, 
but most of his life was spent at New London, first on the east 
side of the river in what is now Groton, and later in the North 
Parish, now called Montville. May 12, 1681, he was made a free- 
man of New London; May, 1693, he was commissioned captain of 
the train band on the east side of the river, New London; in 1694, 
he was deputy to the general court. 

It is evident that James" Avery and Thomas Minor had a clear 
understanding concerning the marriage portions to be given to 
their children. On the twenty-sixth of December, 1677, Captain 
James Avery and his wife, Joanna, executed a deed which was 
owned and subscribed before Thomas Minor as commissioner. 
The deed ran as follows: 

This prsnt writing witnesseth to all it doe or may conceme that I James 
Avery of the county of New London, in ye Collony of Connecticott for 
divers good reasons & considerations known to myself and with my 
wife Joane Avery's consent fully give to my sonn Thomas Avery 
and his wife Hannah Avery my whole right of my parcell of land that 
I bought of Amos Richardson of Stonington be it more or less wh for- 
merly was laide out and bounded to Mr. Obadiah Bruen of New London 
and also thirtie acres of upland upon Poquanys Plaine as it was formerly 
bounded to me from the swamp to the river, moreover one half e of one 
hundred acres of upland and meadow as it was carried out and bounded 
and recorded to me at Pachauge next to Mr. Thomas Stanton, sen., 
his land. Also a piece of land joyning to Mr. Nehemiah Smith his 
playne lying betwixt Nehemiah Smiths land & ye comon I say all and 
every of these tracts and parcels of Land I doe give grant pass over 
alyeanate & confirm all my whole right and title to my sonn Thomas 
Avery & his wife Hannah Avery with all the privilledges & appur- 
tenances to them belonging to them their heirs, executors and assigns 
forever to have & to hold possess & enjoy to use & improve for their 
best advatage provided that if either he or she shall have occasion to 
sell any one or more of these particular tracts or parcells of land they 
shall first make tender of it to the said Thomas Avery's Brothers and 
if they accept of the profer to give a rational price for it to sell it to 
no other person I doe hereby bind my other sonnes to make him or her 
the like tender upon the same terms and to the true performance of 
and to every particular hereof we set our hands & seals this 26th of 
December, 1677. 

Signed sealed and delivered 
in the the presence of James Avery 

William Mead Joane Avery 

Jonathan Avery 
{New London Deeds. ) 

The Third Generation 105 

Thomas Minor and Grace his wife had already deeded, Dec. 
17, 1677, 150 acres of land to their daughter Hannah and her 
husband, Thomas Avery: 

To daughter Hannah Avery, during her natural life and to her husband 
Thomas Avery during his natural life although my said daughter 
should die before him and in case my daughter shall have any child or 
children at the time of her departure then living it shall be theirs for- 
ever to have and to hold possess and enjoy to use and improve with all 
the meadows joining to it, I say all the one hundred and fifty acres of 
upland and meadow as it was laid out to me with all the privileges & 
appurtenances belonging thereunto. And in case my daughter should 
die without any child than she shall have by deed full power to dispose 
of it to any one or two of my son Clement Minor, his sonnes as she 
shall see meet Provided it shall not prevent her husband of it during 
his natural life if she die before her husband. I say my one hundred 
and fifty acres of upland and meadow lying at Anagomenacunuck as it 
was laid out to me and bounded and recorded at Hartford and in Ston- 
ington books of records. And hereinto we set our hands and seals this 
seventeenth day of December one thousand six hundred and seventy 
and seven. 

James Noyes Thomas Minor 

Samuel Avery Grace Minor 

Acknowledged before James Avery Commissioner. 
{New London Deeds, 5:3Jt) 

Thomas Avery probably built upon one of these plots of land, 
as the following would indicate: 

March, 1667-8. "the 23. Thomas Averys house was raysed. " 
June, 1668. Tuesday 25, Hannah went to her owne house. ' ' 

{Minor's Diary.) 

Thomas' Avery received his share of his grandfather's estate 
by deed from his father, James Avery, April 1, 1685, and three 
weeks later sold it to his brother, Samuel. He also owned other 
land in New London. He was in the King Philip war of 1675, 
and, for his services, had lot No. 10 of arable land and lot No. 154 
of cedar swamp allotted to him in Voluntown. He was in the ill- 
fated Fitz-John Winthrop expedition of 1690 which was to advance 
from Albany by way of Lake Champlain to Montreal. In his 
diary, Winthrop gives an account of the difficulties that they en- 
countered. Under the date of Aug. 4, 1690, is found the follow- 
ing : 

' 'I consulted with the oflftcers & twas concluded to march forwards, & then 
devided our provition, wch was about 35 cakes of bread for each souldr. 


The Groton Avery Clan 























The Third Generation 107 

besides pork, which was scarce eateable. At this post [Saratoga] I 
left Liut The. Avery with some souldrs to gaurd our provition to us 
wch was coming vp the river" {The Winthrop Papers, Massachusetts 
Hist. Col., Fifth Series, 8:3U). 

For an account of this expedition, see Avery's History of the 
United States and Its People, vol. 3, pages 263, 264. 

The latter part of his life he lived near the Mohegan Indian 
reservation. On the 22d of June, 1720, Capt. Thomas Avery 
and his brother Capt. James Avery were appointed interpreters 
for the Mohegans in a suit then pending before the governor and 
council. In 1721, Caezer, the sachem of the Mohegans, conveyed 
to Thomas Avery 160 acres of land in consideration of the kind- 
ness shown them by Captain Avery and his family. Upon this 
land Thomas Avery lived; the house he built there is still standing. 
About ten years before his death, in consideration of love and 
good will and on account of the infirmities of age, he conveyed 
this land to his son, Abraham. 

The last entry of accessions to the church of New London 
during Mr. Bradstreet's ministry reads: "Sept. 10, 1682, Thomas 
Avery and wife were added to the Church." They were among 
the organizers of the church of the North Parish, afterward 
called Montville. Their names appear first on the list of original 
covenanters. Before the North Parish could enjoy religious ser- 
vices, a long-standing quarrel had to be settled. October, 1721, 
the parish petitioned the general court for liberty to form a sepa- 
rate church. The first name on the petition was that of Thomas' 
Avery, the third was that of Abraham' Avery. (Connecticut 
Ecclesiastical Archives, 2:251.) Finally, Jan. 17, 1721, it was agreed 

that the meeting-house 
should stand on Raymond 
Hill, land being given for 
the purpose. In his church 

Facsimile Signature ~ reCOrd, Mr. JameS Hill- 

Ecclesiastical Archives. Hartford. 2:252 j^Q^gg^ ^^^ ^^g^ minister, 

says : 

"I was installed October the 3d day, 1722. 

Mr. Adams preached from Acts 16:9. There were seven that belonged to 
the Church at my installment— Capt. Avery, Capt. Denison, Mr. Nathl 
Otis, Mr. Allen, Mr. Vibber, Charles Campbell and one Deacon." 

Thomas' Avery died at Montville, Jan. 5, 1736. His widow 
died Jan. 28, 1742, at Norwich. 

X'^^yUpPtiyiS (4?i 

108 The Groton Avery Clan 

It has been found very difficult to arrange the record of the 
children of Thomas Avery by his two wives. Thomas Minor died 
Oct. 23, 1690. The following items are taken from his diary: 

1655, Oct. "Satterday the 15 my wife was delivered of hana" 
"Tho: Averie and Hanah Minor was maried the 22 of October 1677." 

1679, April. "20 day Hanah son was borne." 

1680, Nov. "Monday the 15. hanahs second sonn was borne." 
The second of October 1682 Tho: Averys daughter was borne." 
1684, Aug. "Tusday the 12, Thomas Avery his childe was buried." 
Hanah Avery her children. 

Tho Avery 
Samuell Avery 
Ephraim Avery 
Hanah Avery." 

This last item has no date but must have been written shortly be- 
fore his death. The births of Thomas and Samuel are recorded on 
the New London town-books. The baptisms of Thomas, Samuel, 
Abraham, Joshua, and a "child" (Oct. 25, 1704) are recorded on 
on the books of the First Church of New London; the baptisms of 
Hannah and Ephraim are found on the books of the First Church 
of Stonington; those of Charles, Isaac and Peter appear on the 
books of the First Church of Norwich. Mr, Baker, in his history 
of Montville, says that Jonathan was b. Dec. 9, 1691, but he was 
not able to give any satisfactory authority for that statement and 
it is hardly possible that Jonathan could have been born in Decem- 
ber, 1691, and Abraham baptized March 6, 1692. 

Dec. 2, 1736, Samuel Avery, Abraham Avery and Hannah 
(Avery) Minor seem to be the only surviving children of Thomas' 
and Hannah (Minor) Avery. At that time, in connection with 
Thomas Minor, the husband of Hannah (Avery) Minor, they sold 
the 150 acres of land that came to them from their honored grand- 
father and his wife, Grace. This land had been given by Thomas 
Minor and his wife, Grace, to his daughter, Hannah Minor Avery, 
and her husband Thomas' Avery for their life. When both were 
dead, the land was to revert to Hannah Minor Avery's surviving 
children. (See deed, p. 105). The children, Ephraim and Thomas, 
were dead. Samuel, Abraham and Hannah, as heirs-at-law, sold 
the land. Jonathan Avery was, at this time, very much alive, but 
he did not join in the sale. It seems improbable that he was the 
son of Hannah (Minor) Avery. {Preston Land Rec, 5:7.) 

Thomas' Avery had a daughter Mary by his second wife Han- 
nah Raymond. Mary (Smith) Raymond, widow of Samuel Ray- 

The Third Generation 109 

mond, and daughter of Nehemiah Smith, made a will May 8, 1705. 
This was probated at New London. She mentioned cousin Han- 
nah Avery, Elizabeth Avery, daughter of cousin Martha Ransford 
deceased, and cousin Mary Avery. She was the aunt of Hannah 
Raymond Avery. Thomas and Hannah (Raymond) Avery proba- 
bly had a daughter Elizabeth, as an Elizabeth Avery was married 
to Sylvester Baldwin, at Montville, May 9, 1724, by the Rev. Mr. 

For these reasons, we give the names of the children as be- 

Children of Thomas and Hannah (Minor) Avery : 

22. i. Thomas', b. April 20, 1679. 

23. ii. Samuel , b. Nov. 15, 1680. 

iii. A Daughter', b. Oct. 2, 1682; bu. Aug. 12, 1684 {Minor's Diary). 

24. iv. Ephraim', bap. Oct. 18, 1685. 

25. V. Hannah', b. May 4, 1686. 

26. vi. Abraham', bap. March 6, 1691-2. 

Children of Thomas and Hannah (Raymond-Bulkley) Avery: 

27. i. Joshua', bap. Aug. 25, 1695. 

28. ii. Mary', 

29. iii. Elizabeth'. 

30. iv. Jonathan', bap. Oct. 25, 1704 (?). 

31. V. Charles', bap. Oct. 27, 1706. 

32. vi. Isaac', bap. July 17, 1709. 

33. vii. Peter', bap. Aug. 5, 1711; nothing further known. 

7. John* Avery {James' Christopher^) was b. February 10, 
1654, at New London, Conn.; m. Nov. 29, 1675, at Stonington, 
Abigail Chesebrough, dau. of Samuel and Abigail Chesebrough of 
Stonington, Conn. The marriage is recorded both at Stonington 
and New London. She was b. at Stonington, Sept. 30, 1656. We 
are not able to give the date of his death, but he deeded land to 
his son Nathaniel, April 17, 1724. His wife was living as late as 
Jan. 5, 1713-14. At that date, Abigail Chesebrough, relict of 
Samuel Chesebrough, but now Abigail Avery (No. 2), made a 
deposition relating to a gift of land by Samuel Chesebrough to 
"my daughter, Abigail Chesebrough, now Abigail Avery." 

John' Avery was an extensive land owner, holding, in addi- 
tion to the place upon which he lived, land in several other towns. 
February 16, 1688, Capt. James' Avery, "out of love," gave to 
his son, John" Avery, the land that he had bought of Thomas 

110 The Groton Avery Clan 

Hungerford at the head of "poqeuannock plaine, " also the land 
that was originally Jacob Waterhouse's; also a parcel of meadow 
on a brook commonly called Stony Brook; and "all that meadow 
each side that I bought of William Meader." {New London 
Deeds.) John' Avery probably lived and died upon the farm at 
the head of Poquonock Plain, in the vicinity of which each of his 
brothers received land from his father. April 23, 1685, he sold 
the land that was given him by his father and that was his honor- 
ed grandfather's to his brother Samuel. July 6, 1691, he sold the 
land and dwelling on the Pawtucket river that came from his 
wife's father, Samuel Chesebrough. August 3, 1691, he bought 
200 acres in Preston of John Plumb. January 1, 1695, he bought 
100 acres bounded north by Pachauge, of John Morgan. May 29, 
1702, he, in connection with the other proprietors of Preston, of 
whom his brother James was one, sold 300 acres of land in Pres- 
ton, commonly called Pachauge. May 11, 1709, he sold to John 
Benit land that had formerly belonged to his wife's father. In 
1710, he bought, of John Plume, for twenty-eight pounds, land in 
Preston Farms, and other land of John Morgan for eight pounds 
in hand and eleven pounds well secured. In 1700, he was one of 
the original proprietors of Lebanon, and May 10, 1705, the general 
court confirmed him and his associates in possession of lands in 
that town. Beginning with 1705, when his oldest son married, he 
deeded land with a free and open hand "out of love" to his sons 
for their livelihood. In the allotment of public lands, January 31, 
1712, he calls himself a carpenter. In 1715, he was given lot No. 
57 of the common land. 

John  Avery became a freeman of New London, May 12, 1681. 
His name appears on the patent for New London, Oct. 14, 1704. 
In the list of the inhabitants of Groton in 1708 and 1712 are found 
the names of Capt. John' Avery and his son, John Avery. 

Capt. John' Avery was townsman of Groton, 1706. He was 
chosen with his brother, James, member of a committee to lay out 
100 acres of land to Mr. Woodbridge, July 15, 1708. He was a 
member of the church of Groton, Nov. 22, 1727; as his wife is not 
mentioned, it is probable that she was then dead. 

In the general court, Hartford, May 12, 1692, it was recorded 

"This Court doe not sea reason to confirm those nominated for officers on 
the east side of the riuer at New London, at present, but doe appoynt 

The Third Generation 111 

Capt. James Aurey to be Captn of sayd Company, and James Moi'jjan 
Lnt, and John Aurey to be Ensign of sayd Company untill the Honour- 
ed Major Generall and Mr. Witherell shall see cause to lead them to a 
new choyse of officers. {Conn. Col. Rec, U:7U-) 

The record of the general court of May 11, for the following 
year has: 

"Thomas Aurey is approued to be Captn of the traine band of New London 
on the east side of the riuer, and John Morgan Lnt., and John Aurey 
Ensigne. of sayd Company and are to be commissionated accordingly." 
{Conn. Col. Rec, 4 : H.) 

From a similar record of the general court. May 13, 1697, we 
learn that 

"John Aurey [was] appointed Captain of the train band at New London 
on the east side of the riuer." (Conn. Col. Rec, 4.: 212.) 

For his services in the Narragansett war, John Avery received 
lots in Voluntown, No. 9 for arable land and No. 76 for cedar 

The accompanying autograph of John ' Avery is copied from a 
deed made by his brother, James Avery. The deed was acknowl- 
edged June 10, 1717, before Willi- 

/f ^P /I P/wlf ^"^ Clarke, a justice of the peace 

U^^niTly CVV^'U in New London, witnessed by 
y^/ ^ John Avery and Samuel Avery, 

entered on the Groton records, 
August 27, 1728, by Christopher Avery (No. 47), recorder. The 
document is now, 1907, in the possession of Miss Elizabeth Miner 
Avery of Groton. 

The names of the children of Capt. John Avery have been ar- 
ranged as below for the following reasons: 

The first four are recorded by name in the list of baptisms of 
the First Church of New London. From 1683 until 1692 there is 
a break in the records of the church. In 1692, (June 19) , Capt. 
John' Avery presented four children for baptism; unfortunately 
their names are not given. They probably were Nathaniel, Joseph, 
William, and Anna. The Rev. David Avery (No. 511) mentions 
these children of Capt. John ' Avery repeatedly and always places 
them in this order. He says several times that William and Anna 
were twins; we know from William's tombstone that he was born 
about 1692. We know that Joseph was married, had two children, 

112 The Groton Avery Clan 

and was dead by 1714, as will be shown later. Elisha, Desire, and 
Daniel were baptized at New London. Three children mentioned 
by Mr. Sweet still remain unaccounted for. Mr. Sweet did not 
have David Avery to guide or to correct his surmises. David 
Avery nowhere mentions the Benjamin, Elizabeth, or Josiah given 
by Mr. Sweet. It will be shown that this Josiah belongs to an- 
other family and there is no evidence to show that Benjamin or 
Elizabeth ever existed. Upon the town records of New London, 
the date of the birth of Elizabeth Keeney, daughter of John, is 
given as Oct. 27, 1690, the date that Mr. Sweet gives for the birth 
of Elizabeth Avery, but no Elizabeth Avery is there recorded. It 
is possible that the copyist employed by Mr. Sweet made a mis- 
take. That leaves one child— Thomas, whom, in his list of Capt. 
John' Avery's children, David Avery mentions once: 

"John, Nathaniel, Joseph, William, Elisha, Daniel, Thomas; daus., Abi- 
gail, Mary, Anna, Desire." 

For these reasons and others that will be given later, we have ar- 
ranged the list as printed here. 

Children of Capt. John and Abigail (Chesebrough) Avery, 
all born on the east side of river at New London and all but 
Thomas bap. at the First Church of New London: 

i. Abigail% b. Jan. 15, 1676-7; bap. May 13, 1677; d. July 18, 1677, 

at New London. 
Abigails b. Jan. 18, 1679. 
Mary*, bap. Nov. 14, 1680. 
John*, bap. April 1, 1683. 
Nathaniel*, bap. June 19, 1692. 
Joseph*, bap. June 19, 1692. 
William*, bap. June 19, 1692. 
Anna*, (twin to William), bap. June 19, 1692. 
Elisha*, bap. May 9, 1697. 
Desire*, bap. May 9, 1697. 
Daniel*, bap. Nov. 5, 1699. 
Thomas*, mentioned once by David Avery in his list of John's 

children; no further record. He may have been baptized in 

the church established on the east side of the river in 1704. 

Capt. John Avery and wife belonged to this church the early 

records of which are lost. 

8. Rebecca^ Avery (James-, Christopher') was b. Oct. 6, 1656, 
at New London, Conn. ; m. Aug. 5, 1678, at New London, Mr. 
William Potts, of New Castle, England, a constable. Minor, in 























The Third Generation 113 

his diary, records: "The 5th day of Agust, 1678, wilHam pots and 
Rebeckah Avery was maried." Mr. Potts was one of the Narra- 
gansett volunteers and received land in Voluntown for his services. 
His name appears on the list of freemen in Groton in 1708 and 
1711. He was surveyor of highways in 1705. He and his wife 
were members of the First Church of Groton ' at the ordination, ' ' 
Nov. 22, 1727. 

Sept. 19, 1717, Capt. James Avery, Capt. Thomas Avery, 
Capt. John Avery, and Samuel Avery, "out of love," deeded land 
to their sister Rebecca Potts, and to her husband, William Potts 
{Groton Deeds, 1:830). Jan. 4, 1727, William and Rebecca Potts 
deeded land to their loving son-in-law, Joshua Bill, husband of 
their daughter, Joanna, deceased and to their heirs. They re- 
served the right to cut firewood on this land during their natural 
lives {Groton Deeds, 2:297). 

April 24, 1729, Humphrey Avery spoke of William Potts, ' 'late 
of Groton;" Mr. Potts probably died about this time. According 
to the Voluntown records, land was confirmed to his heirs in 1730. 
April 8, 1732, Joshua Bill, jun., sold land that was his honored 
father's, William Potts deceased {Groton Deeds, 3:63,64). 

No baptisms are recorded in the First Church of New London 
from 1684 to 1691. During this period, William and Rebecca 
Potts undoubtedly had a son Jonathan. This Jonathan m. Mary 
Geer, Nov. 10, 1713, at Groton. They had Mary, Abigail, Rebecca, 
William, Joanna, Elizabeth — the last four names are suggestive. 
Jonathan was living at Smithfield, Penn., in 1742 {Groton Land 
Records, 2:411). 

William and Rebecca Potts may have had a daughter Mary. 
A Mary Potts m. Jan. 1, 1718, at New London, Jonathan Daniels, 
son of John and Mary (Chappell) Daniels, b. Oct. 15, 1682, and had 
a son William the next year. 

Children of William and Rebecca (Avery) Potts : 

i. JoANNA% b. May 20, 1679, at New London; bap. June 29, 1679, at the 
First Church of New London; m. Nov. 1, 1699, at Groton, Joshua 
Bill; d. Nov. 3, 1718, at Groton. 

ii. WlLLlAM% b. March 13, 1680, at New London; bap. April 17, 1681, at 
the First Church of New London; no further information. 

iii. Patience*, bap. Aug. 12, 1683, at the First Church of New Lon- 
don; m. 1st, Dec. 11, 1700, at Groton, Joseph Pendleton, who had 
previously married her cousin, Deborah Minor (No. 3, ix). He d. 

114 The Groton Avery Clan 

Sept. 18, 1706, at Westerly, R. I. She m. 2d, April 28, 1707, at 

Groton, Samuel Rogers, 
iv. Jonathan', b. ; m. Nov. 10, 1713, Mary Geer, 
V. Hannah^, bap. May 5, 1695, at New London. 
vi. Abigail^, bap. May 5, 1695, at New London, 
vii. Mary', (?) m. Jan. 1, 1718, at New London, Jonathan Daniels. 

9. Samuel" Avery {James,- Christopher^) wasb. Aug. 14, 1664, 
at New London, Conn.; m. Oct. 25, 1686, at Swanzey, Mass., 
Susannah Palmes, dau. of William and Ann (Humphrey) Palmes. 
She was b. about 1665, and was of royal lineage. (See Appendix. ) 

Like his three brothers, Samuel Avery was an extensive land 
owner. He bought the rights of his brothers, Thomas and John, 
in their grandfather's land on the General Neck, in 1685. In 
1693, he received from his father, James' Avery, the homestead 
farm on which his father was then living. (See p. 73. ) Uncas, 
the Indian chief, deeded to him several hundred acres of land, the 
consideration being an Indian woman, Betty, who was one of the 
captives taken by James' Avery in the King Philip war. Samuel 
Avery spent most of his life on his farm in Groton and there his 
children were born. He calls himself husbandman and merchant. 
He early took a leading part in Groton affairs. In December, 
1705, he and his brother James were members of a committee to 
make up the accounts with New London. Upon the legal organi- 
zation of the town, December 1, 1705, he was made first townsman 
and moderator; he held that office until his death. He was one of 
the committee authorized in 1706 to sell two hundred acres of the 
town's land to pay its debts. When the schoolmaster was engaged. 
May 28, 1706, to teach the children in the different houses until the 
school-house was built, he was to teach first in Mr. Samuel Avery's 
house. April 12, 1710, Samuel Avery was one of the commission 
to allot lands. March 20, 1715-16, he was a member of a com- 
mittee to seat the meeting-house. He was town clerk from 1718 
until his death, and justice of the peace from 1719 to 1722 inclusive. 
In the division of the Nawayunk (Noank) lands, he received lot 

No. 35. 

He also took an important part in the affairs of state, being 
deputy to the general court from New London in 1693, and from 
Groton in 1709, 1716, 1718, and 1719. He possessed the same mili- 
tary spirit as his brothers, being commissioned ensign by the 
general court in May, 1705, lieutenant in May, 1710, and captain 
in May, 1716. 


The Third Generation 115 

May 15, 1717, he was witness to a deed given by his father to 

his brother James. The accom- 
y^ panying facsimile is copied from 

^^^h^yVU,^^ ClAr^Sy^ that document. 

y Samuel Avery, the youngest 
of four brothers, was the first of 
them to die, May 1, 1723. He was buried in Ledyard, then the 
northern part of Groton. His widow, Susannah Avery, was in 
full communion ''at the ordination" of the First Church of Gro- 
ton, Nov. 22, 1727. She died Oct. 2, 1747, at Groton. 

Children of Samuel and Susannah (Palmes) Avery, b. at 
Groton : 

i. Samuel*, b. Aug. 11, 1687; bap. March 13, 1691, First Church 
of New London; d. Aug. 7, 1714, at Groton; unm. 

Jonathan^ b. Jan. 18, 1689. 

WiLLiAM\ b. Aug. 25, 1692; bap. Oct. 30, 1692, First Church 
of New London; d. Feb. 20, 1718; unm. 

Mary', b. Jan. 10, 1695. 

CHRrsTOPHER^ b. Feb. 10, 1697. ^ 

Humphrey\ b. July 4, 1699. 

Nathan*, b. Jan. 30, 1702. 
viii. Lucy*, b. April 17, 1703; bap. Sept. 5, 1703, First Church of New 

Waitstill*, b. March 27, 1708. 

Grace*, b. June 2, 1712. 

This list corresponds to the one printed by Mr. Sweet, with 
one exception. The "John" given by him is omitted. All the 
other children are found recorded on the Groton books, but there 
is no "John" among them. Mr. Sweet himself was in doubt in 
regard to the matter. Investigation shows that the John men- 
tioned by Mr. Sweet belongs to the line known as the Thomas 
Avery line of Portsmouth, N. H. (see p. 24) , and that he and all 
of his descendants must be transferred to that clan. 




















10. Deborah^ Avery (James ', James-, Christopher') was b. 
Aug-. 1, 1671, at Groton; m. June 29, 1691, at New London, Conn., 
Robert AUyn, s. of John and Elizabeth (Gager) Allyn. According 
to the New London records, "Robert Allyn ye sonn of John & 
Elizabeth Allen was borne about ye middle of September [1671]." 
He lived at Allyn's Point, about six miles below Norwich, was a 
man of property, and was held in high esteem in the colony. 
Robert Allyn and his wife were in full communion with the First 
Church of Groton before the ordination of the Rev. John Owen, 
Nov. 22, 1727. The records of the church prior to this date are 
lost. Robert Allyn died December 28, 1729, about nine o'clock in 
the morning {Hempstead's Diary, p. 216). His will was probated 
Jan. 27, 1730, at New London (New London Wills, vol. C). By 
numerous deeds he had provided well for his children, and most 
of his remaining property he left to his wife. Deborah (Avery) 
Allyn made her will May 22, 1734, and it was proved Dec. 17, 
1739, at New London (New London Wills, D, p. 427) . She men- 
tioned her daughters, Elizabeth Williams and Deborah Lester, and 
all her sons. 

The records of the First Church of New London show the 
baptisms of the children as given below. The younger ones were 
probably baptized at Groton and recorded in the lost book. The 
births are here recorded as they appear on the original town book 
of Groton. The copy that was made in 1861 and that has been in 
general use since that time, recorded Elizabeth as b. Nov. 20, 
1694, and omitted Deborah. A careful comparison of church and 
town records had forced the conviction that the town book was 
wrong. This occasioned much loss of time and money. In 1905, 
through the kindness of the town clerk, we were permitted to 
consult the original book and there discovered that a mistake had 
been made in copying not only that but other entries. 

Children of Robert and Deborah (Avery) Allyn, b. at 

The Fourth Generation 117 

i. Elizabeth', b. March 25, 1691-2; bap. July 17, 1692; m. Jonathan 

ii. Deborah'', b. Nov. 20, 1694; bap. Feb. 9, 1694-5 (?) ; m. Sept. 22, 

1724, at Groton, Jonathan Lester. "Deborah, wife of Jonathan 

Lester, died March, 1770, aged 76" {Tombstone, Stan- cemetery, 

Groton) . 
iii. JOHN% b. Jan. 11, 1695-6; bap. March 29, 1696; m. July 28, 1726, at 

Groton, Joanna Minor; d. Sept., 1786, at Ledyard. 
iv. R0BERT% b. Jan. 25, 1697-8; bap. May 29, 1698; m. Abigail Avery 

(No. 75). 
V. James% b. Feb. 29, 1699-1700; bap. Junel, 1701, "in right of wife;" 

m. Alethea Avery (No. 112). 
vi. Ebenezer", twin with James; bap. same time; m. April 27, 1726, at 

Groton, Mary Thurber; ensign, second Groton company, 1741; 

lieut., 1744 (Conn. Col. Rec, 8:369 &9:47); d. April 21, 1769, at 

Allyn's Point, Conn, 
vii. Christopher", b. April 12, 1702; d. March 26, 1703, at Groton. 
viii. Samuel', b. May 26, 1704; m. Hannah Avery (No. 113). 

ix. Christopher", b. July 21, 1706; m. Ann . 

X. LucY% b. July 29, 1708; not mentioned in her father's or her mother's 

will. Her name is not found on any of the many deeds that the 

other children signed together. She probably died young. 
xi. Nathan', b. Oct. 5, 1711; m. Jane Pearl. 

11. James' Avery {James\ James', Christopher^) was b. 
April 20, 1673, at Groton; bap. Junel, 1673, First Church of New 
London; m. Mary Griswold, daughter of John and Mary (Bemas) 
Griswold. She was b. Feb., 1673, at East Windsor, Conn. 

John Griswold, in his will made June 6, 1713 and on file in the probate court 
at New London, mentioned his daughter, Mary Avery. He was the 
son of Edward Griswold, who m. for his second wife the widow Mary 
Bemas. She had a daughter, Mary Bemas, who is supposed to have 
married her mother's stepson, John Griswold. John and Mary Griswold 
had a dau. Mary, b. Feb., 1673. John Griswold m., for his second wife, 
Bathsheba Smith. 

James* Avery and his wife were members of the church at 
Groton before the ordination, Nov. 22, 1727. He was brander of 
horses for Groton, 1705; constable, 1707-8; on list of freemen, 
1708-11. He was selectman from 1731 to 1742 inclusive, and 
moderator most of th?t time. He was deputy to the general court 
for fifteen terms (l'^15-1731) ; justice for New London County, 
1726 1735; guardian jf the Pequot Indians after his father's death; 
commissioned ensig n of the first company of the Groton train 
band, 1716; heut.,: 721; capt, 1728 {Conn. Col. Rec, 5:489,548, 


^sSlx^^T^ 0JU^ 

118 The Groton Avery Clan 

572 & 6 :2, 42, 270, 439, 514 & 7:2, 88, 124, 149, 152, 191, 250, 293, 
311, 346) . He was often called James Avery, 3d. In 1730, he was 
one of the committee to take care of the town guns. He was 
given lot No. 18, in the division of the common lands. 

He received many gifts of land from his father. March 15, 

1717, James Avery, 
sen. , out of love for his 
son James and for his 
"more Comfortable 
May 10. 1730. ' subslstance and Lively 

hood " made over to him divers parcels: sixty acres of land lying 
in Sheinerset Neck bought of Samuel Chapman; twenty acres 
bought of the widow Hannah Bushnell; the salt meadow bought 
of Joseph Latham, deceased; another salt meadow of two acres; 
a hundred acres of land bought of William Denison; nine acres 
bought of Samuel Raymond; three lots containing seventy-seven 
acres more or less; thirty acres also bought of Samuel Chapman. 
The witnesses were John Avery and Samuel Avery (Groton Deeds, 

James^ Avery made his will March 28, 1749; it was proved 
Sept. 21, 1754 {New London Wills, F:535). He mentioned wife; 
sons, James Avery, 2d, John Avery, jun., Ebenezer Avery, jun. ; 
and daughter, Hannah Hall. He divided his movable estate into 
four parts, one for each child. His son, Elihu, and his dau., Pru- 
dence, were dead. He made no mention of Mary. Possibly an 
undecipherable stone that stands beside that of Prudence in the 
Avery-Morgan burying-ground, * and of the same style and size, 
may mark the resting place of Mary. She was alive June 17, 
1731, at which time, Hannah, Mary and Pi-udence were admitted 
to full communion in the First Church of Groton. The first three 
children were bap. in the First Church of New London, the second 
in the name of his wife (May 26, 1700), he being under discipline 
for signing the remonstrance (See p. &V), The other baptisms 
were probably recorded in the lost book of the Groton church. 
His wife died Nov. 26, 1750, at Groton, aged 76 {Tombstone). He 
died Sept. 18, 1754, at Groton; both were buried in the Avery-Mor- 
gan burying-ground. 

* This Avery-Morgan burying-ground is near Poquc lock Bridge in the town 
of Groton. 













The Fourth Generation 119 

Children of James and Mary (Griswold) Avery, b. at 
Groton : 

James'-, b. May 27, 1697. 

JOHN% b. Feb. 4, 1700. 

Ebenezer', b. March 29, 1704. 

Elihu', b. July 29, 1707; d. Nov. 28, 1748, at Groton; unm. 

Mary\ b. Feb. 23, 1710. 

Hannah% b. April 7, 1712. 

Prudence', b. March 21, 1715. "Prudence Avery, daughter of 

James and Mary Avery, died Sept. 17, 1731, in her 17th year" 


In the Hst of children, as printed in Sweet's Averys of 
Groton, appears the name of a " Thomas, born as is supposed in 
1717, but no further record." Careful search has revealed no 
trace of this apocryphal Thomas. 

12. Margaret* Avery {James\ James', Christopher'^) was b. 
Feb. 4, 1674, at Groton; bap. March 28, 1675, First Church of New 
London; m. July 17, 1696, at New London, William Morgan, s. of 
James and Mary (Vine) Morgan. He was b. March 4, 1669, at 
Groton. He was the first deacon of the First Church of Groton. 
He was made ensign of the train band, Oct., 1721 {Conn. Col. Rec., 
6:270). Mrs. Margaret (Avery) Morgan made her will May 9, 
1754; it was proved Aug. 12, 1755, at New London. She mentioned 
her sons, William, Joseph, and Solomon; dau., Jerusha Avery; 
granddau., Lucy Avery; grandsons, Elijah Avery, Caleb Avery, 
and Amos Avery were to have their mother's share of the estate; 
granddau., Mary Belton, was to have her mother's share. As 
there were several marriages into the Avery family, her will 
makes many points clear. The first four children were bap. at 
the First Church of New London; the names of the others were 
probably on the lost book of the Groton church. 

"Mr. Ensign William Morgan deceased Dec. 25, 1750, in the 
82d year of his age. Mrs. Margaret Morgan relict of Ensign 
William Morgan deceased July 28, 1755, aged 82 yesirs" (Tombstones, 
Avery-Morgan hiirying-ground) . 

Children of William and Margaret (Avery) Morgan, b. 
at Groton: 

i. William-, b. April 7, 1697; bap. July 25, 1697; m. Sept. 21, 1721, at 
Groton, Hannah Stanton; m. 2d, Sept. 24, 1747, at Groton, Sarah 
Seabury; deputy, 1737; d. May 14, 1778, at Stonington. 

120 The Groton Avery Clan 

ii. Margaret", b. Sept. 10, 1698; bap. Nov. 6, 1698; m. Jan. 29, 1719, at 
Groton, Samuel Davis; d. Aug. 15, 1724, at Groton. They had dau. 
Lucy, b. June 15, 1724, at Groton; m. Ebenezer Avery (No. 70). 

iii. Deborah', bap. July 14, 1700; probably died young. 

iv. Hannah% bap. June 14, 1702; probably died young. 

v. Jerusha% b. July 14, 1704; m. Humphrey Avery (No. 48). 

vi. Joseph', b. Aug. 10, 1706; m. Dorothy Avery (No. 69). 

vii. Solomon', b. Oct. 5, 1708; m. Mary Walsworth, July 1, 1742, at 
Groton. She was the dau. of William and Mary (Avery) Walsworth 
(No. 46). He was deacon of the First Church of Groton; d. Nov. 
22, 1791, at Groton. 

viii. Elizabeth', b. July 10, 1710; m. John Avery (No. 54). 

ix. Mary', b. Jan. 5, 1714; m. Aug. 7, 1737, at Groton, Jonas Belton. 

13. Edward' Avery (James', James'^, Christophey^^ ) was b, 
March 20, 1675-6, at Groton; bap. July 2, 1676, First Church of 
New London; m. June 3, 1699, at Preston, Joanna Rose, dau. of 
Thomas and Hannah (Allyn) Rose. Hannah Allyn was the aunt 
of Robert Allyn who m. Deborah Avery (No. 10) . Thomas Rose 
mentioned his dau,, Johanna Avery, in his will. Edward Avery 
was on the list of freemen of Groton, 1708 and 1712; surveyor, 
1707; surveyor and lister, 1713; surveyor, 1714; on the school com- 
mittee, 1712. He lived in the northwest part of Groton, now 
Ledyard, on land that his father bought, Jan. 6, 1694, of the heirs 
of John Coit. On March 18, 1728, James Avery deeded this land 
to his sons, Edward and Christopher. Jan. 4, 1731, the sons 
divided the land, Edward taking the west side adjoining the 
Thames River and Poquetannock Cove. Here he lived and died. 
He and his wife were in full communion with the church at Gro- 
ton, before Nov. 22, 1727. In 1724, he and his brother, Christopher, 
asked that North Groton be set off and they be allowed to have 
their own minister {Ecclesiastical Docs., Hartford, 3:218). They 

Q asked again in 1725. Lot No. 23, 

^It/^ 0L|/^.W/ bounded on the west by the cove 

/ and on the east by the sea, was 

^y^ ^""v— s^ assigned to him in the division of 
common land, and later lot No. 60. 

Edward Avery made his will Feb. 1, 1751-2; it was proved 
May 9, 1759. He called himself yeoman. He provided for his 
wife, Joanna, during her natural life. He mentioned that he had 
already given his son, Theophilus, lands and buildings, but further 
gave him "my Buccaneer Gunn Sword and Belt: my wearing 

The Fourth Generation 121 

Sword and Cane." Theophilus was to pay thirty pounds to Eu- 
nice, the daughter of his brother Ichabod. The testator stated 
that he had given to his beloved son, Asa, his homestead farm and 
buildings and improvements and bequeathed to him furniture, 
live stock, and money and made him executor. He ordered him 
to pay one hundred pounds to his son, Gideon, and thirty pounds 
to his granddau., Mary Avery. He gave to his dau., Hannah 
Pelton. forty pounds, and the same sum to his dau., Mary Pelton. 
He remembered his granddaughters, Joanna Allyn and Hannah 
Allyn, the first with fifteen pounds and the second with five pounds. 
His two granddaughters, Sarah Chapman and Deborah Stoddard, 
were each to have three pounds. The witnesses were Nathan 
Aveiy, Jacob Avery, and Samuel Hutchenson (Neiv London 
Wills, G:355). 

He was buried on his own farm. His wife and many of their 
descendants were buried on the same lot. His plainly lettered 
gravestone bears this inscription: 

Mr. Edward Avery of Groton, who died March 14, 1759, aged 84 years and 
24 days. 

The age at time of death does not correspond to the date of 
death thus noted, but does agree with the date of death as re- 
corded by Mr. Sweet, April 14, 1759. The wife, Joanna, died 
Jan. 3, 1761, aged 82. 

His children who were born before the organization of the 
church in Groton were bap. in the First Church, New London. 

Children of Edward and Joanna (Rose) Avery, b. at 

58. i. Joanna'', b. Nov. 21, 1700 (according to the Groton vital 
statistics) . 

Elizabeth', bap. June 29, 1701, "he having given satisfaction 
for his offense in signing the remonstrance" (according to 
the books of the First Church of New London) . This name does 
not appear again. According to the church records, Richard 
Dart had a child Johanna, bap. the same day. In recording 
them, the names were probably changed. Richard Dart's 
child was EHzabeth, Edward Avery's was "Johanna." There 
is little doubt that No. 58 was bap. Johanna. 

Thomas', b. June 15, 1702; d. May 3, 1703, at Groton. 

Edward', b. May 22, 1704; d. June 7, 1705, at Groton. 

Deborah', b. May 6, 1706. 

Theophilus% b. Sept. 6, 1708. 

Benajah', b. Oct. 12, 1710. 









122 The Groton Avery Clan 

vii. James% b. Oct. 27, 1712; d. Nov. 25, 1715, at Groton. 

62. viii. Gideon', b. June 1, 1715. 

63. ix. Hannah', b. July 30, 1717. 

64. X. ICHABOD', b. May 7, 1719. 

65. xi. ASA\ b. July 21, 1721. 

66. xii. Mary% b. Nov. 3, 1723. 

Lydia, who is mentioned in Sweet's Avery s of Groton, page 
30, as born about 1725, was not dau. of Edward\ She was dau. 
of Jonathan and Elizabeth (Lane) Avery, and belonged to the 
Dedham family {Averys of Dedham, p. 82). Benajah is not men- 
tioned in his father's will and probably died before 1751. 

14. Ebenezer* Avery (James\ James', Christopher') was 
b. May 1,1678, at Groton; bap. June 16, 1678, First Church of New 
London; m. June 16, 1708, at Preston, Dorothy Parke, dau, of 
Capt. John and Mary (Witter) Parke. She was bap. Nov. 27, 
1692, at First Church of Stonington. The Hon. Richard A. Wheeler, 
in his history of Stonington, states that the wife of Capt. John 
Parke was Mary, dau. of Josiah Witter, b. Feb, 20, 1665. Certain 
deeds corroborate this. January 23, 1753, John Avery, Robert 
and Abigail (Avery) Allyn, Christopher Avery, Ebenezer Witter, 
Jonathan Witter, John Richards, Abigail Richards, and Hannah 
Parke deeded certain parcels of land which were laid out ' 'to the legal 
representatives of Josiah Witter, May 17, 1736, by Ebenezer Searles 
and Thomas Minor, Proprietor's committee of Stoneington. " We 
know that four of these are descendants of Josiah Witter; John, 
Abigail, and Christopher Avery could be such only through Mary 

Ebenezer' Avery was on the list of freemen of Groton, 
1708; collector of rates, 1716; selectman, several terms; and, in 
1734, was appointed to take charge of the town's ammunition. 
He received a hundred acres of public land in 1720. He was 
deputy to the general court, 1720, 1726, 1738; was commissioned 
lieutenant of the first company of Groton, 1728; captain, 1733; 
colonel of the eighth militia regiment, 1739. {Conn. Col. Rec, 
6: 173 & 7: 54, 152, 465 & 8: 155, 280), 

Sept. 25, 1738. 


The Fourth Generation 123 

March 16, 1717, James' and Deborah Avery deeded certain 
land to their loving son, Ebenezer, as follows : 

To all Christian people to whom this present deed of gift shall come James 
Avery, sen., of Groton, &c., ... in consideration of the natural love 
and affection I do bear my beloved son Ebenezer, and for his more com- 
fortable subsistance & livlihood . . . Three certain tracts or parcels 
of land situate and being in the township of Groton aforesaid. One 
tract being the farm on which I now dwell with all the Housings Build- 
ings Out housings erected and standing on said Farm, with the orchard 
and all other fruit trees on said farm. . . containing by estimation two 
hundred fifty aci-es more or less, . . . bounded on the east partly with 
the Great swamp that parts this farm from Poquannock Plain to the 
south end of said swamp and from thence with the Creek that parts 
Birch Plain which is a part of this farm from Poquannock Plain, and 
with the Creek to the mouth thereof and from thence to the cove or 
creek that parts this farm from Shinacosset Neck on the west side by 
the head fence by Stoney brook. North with the comon. Another 
tract of land . . . lyeth in Poquannock Plain, containing by estimation 
twenty acres, bounded on the west by great swamp, on the north with 
the land of John Avery, jun., on the east with Poquannock Cove or 
River and on the south with land belonging to the estate of Richard 
Lord . . . Third tract . . . meadow and swampy ground . . . bounded 
with land that belonged to Lawrence Codner, partly with land belong- 
ing to Samuel & Joshua Bill . . . To be by him and them enjoyed and 
improved /o?-eve?-, and not to be sold by my said son nor any of his heirs 
or passed away to any other person forever to continue and Remain to 
hint and them and in the name of the Avery s forever . . . 

James Avery 

March 16, 1717. Deborah Avery 

{Groton Deeds, 2:508.) 

Dorothy (Parke) Avery died Nov. 6, 1732, at Groton. Ebe- 
nezer Avery made his will March 24, 1746-7; it was proved Aug. 
19, 1752. In it he mentioned his son, Parke, to whom he gave a 
grist-mill with dwelling house and lands adjoining, north of the 
county road, land near the New London ferry, and several 
other parcels. To his son, Ebenezer, he gave land adjoining the 
farm that he had already given him; also 

"my cloak & my Laced hat, with my smallest Silver hilted sword, & my 
new great Bible and my watch and my old carbine." 

To his son, Simeon, he gave certain lands and 

"my Brass gun & speckled Stork gun & brass hilted sword, my silver head 
«ain & oldest great Bible, my Druoy Coat & Silk Jacket & briches, 
my Scarlet Jacket with plate buttons." 

He also gave money and household goods to his daughters, Mary 

124 The Groton Avery Clan 

Latham, Dorothy Morgan, Amy, and Unis. No mention is made 
of a wife; he probably did not marry a second time {New London 
Wills, F:321). 

In his Averys of Gt^oton, page 31, Mr. Sweet states that 
Ebenezer Avery had a second wife, Lucy Morgan. This is a mis- 
take. William Morgan, in his will, stated that his granddaughter, 
Lucy, married Ebenezer Avery, but this granddaughter was Lucy 
Davis, the daughter of his daughter, Margaret. This Lucy Davis 
married Ebenezer Avery, No. 70, below mentioned. Ebe- 
nezer^ Avery d. July 19, 1752, at Groton. 

Children of Ebenezer and Dorothy (Parke) Avery, b. in 
Groton : 

Parke% b. Dec. 9, 1710. 

Mary% b. Feb, 17, 1713. 

DoROTHY% b. Jan. 10, 1716. 

Lucy', b. Oct. 14, 1718; d. Jan. 9, 1719, at Groton. 

Ebenezer', b. April 3, 1721. 

Amie\ b. Sept. 14, 1724. 

EUNICE% b. March 2, 1725-6. 

SlMEON% b. April 25, 1730. 

15. Christopher' Avery {James\ James' Christopher') was 
b. Jan. 23, 1679-80, at Groton; bap. Feb. 28, 1679-80, First Church of 
New London; m. Dec. 19, 1704, at Preston, Abigail Parke, eldest 
dau. of Capt. John and Mary (Witter) Parke, of Preston, and sis- 
ter of his brother Ebenezer' s wife. She was bap. Nov. 7, 1686, 
at First Church of Stonington with her mother Mary Parke; she d. 
Feb. 12, 1713, at Groton. Christopher* Avery m. 2d, April 1, 
1714, Mrs. Prudence (Payson) Wheeler, dau. of John and Bath- 
sheba (Tilestone) Payson, and widow of Richard Wheeler. She 
was b. Feb. 1, 1681. She was the granddau, of Edward and 
Mary (Eliot) Payson. Mary Eliot was the sister of the Rev. John 
Eliot, "the Indian Apostle. " Christopher' Avery m. 3d, Jan. 1, 
1735, Mrs. Esther (Hammond) Prentice, dau. of Nathaniel and 
Mary (Hyde) Hammond, of Newton, Mass. , and widow of Samuel 
Prentice, of North Stonington, Conn. Christopher' Avery m. 
4th, Susanna (Baker) Elderkin, widow of John Elderkin. 

I, John Elderkin of Norwich, in the county of New London, have received 
of my honored mother Susanna Avery of Groton in said county, as she 
is administrator on the estate of my honored father John Elderkin late 
of said Norwich, deceased, the sum of Fifty Two Pounds in personal 
















The Fourth Generation 125 

estate which is in full my part in the movable estate of my sd Father, 
Groton, the 13 of March, 1753. 

John Elderkin. 
(New London Wills, G:119.) 

Christopher* Avery was selectman, 1731, 1735, 1737; surveyor, 
1736, and served as one of the justices for New London County. 
He was clerk of the North Society (Groton) church. In 1724 and 
1725, he was deputy to the general court; he was successively en- 
sign, lieutenant (1714), and captain (1730). {Conn. Col. Rec, 6:426, 
^^ 483, 553 & 7:303). In the division of 

/A^h7y^U:> ^2a^ Y^ '^ ^^^ northwest part of Groton 
\ 4 £ (now Ledyard), as described m the re- 

^ m cord of Edward Avery (No. 13), 

Christopher took the eastern part, and there he lived, died, and 
was buried. 

"Captain Christopher Avery deceased, January 20, 1753, in the 73d year of 
his age" (Groton Records). 

His will was dated March 18, 1752; he mentioned wife, Susanna; 
sons, John, Christopher, Nathan, and Jacob; daughters, Abigail 
Allyn, Priscilla Breed, Hannah Gallup, and Temperance Morgan; 
granddau., Prudence, dau. of son, Isaac, deceased; Susanna Stodd- 
ard, mother of Prudence. His property was appraised thus: 

Homestead farm, £10,000 (old tenor) 

Brewster's Neck farm 2,500 

Negroes-Jube 500 

Jeune 250 

Nero 530 

Lydia 260 

Sarah 240 

Tom 210 

In 1888, some of his descendants set up a brown-stone obelisk 

on the east side of Avery Hill, Ledyard (formerly the North 

Parish of Groton) not far from his former home. The front bears 

this inscription: 

Christopher Avery, 


His Four Wives. 

His daughter, Temperance, and her husband, William Morgan, 
were buried in the same lot. 

Children of Christopher and Abigail (Parke) Avery, b. at 











126 The Groton Avery Clan 

74. i. John", b. Oct. 26, 1705. 

75. ii. Abigail', b. July 16, 1707. 

76. iii. Christopher', b. Nov. 16, 1709. 

77. iv. Nathan', b, March 10, 1712. 

Children of Christopher and Prudence (Payson- Wheeler) 
Avery, b. at Groton: 

Priscilla', b. April 29, 1715. 

Isaac', born March 26, 1717. 

Hannah', b. Feb. 10, 1719. ^ 

Jacob% b. Aug. 26, 1721. 

Temperance', b. Sept. 14, 1725. 

16. Jonathan' Avery {James^, James'^, Christopher^) was b. 
Nov. 9, 1681, at Groton; bap. March 29, 1682, First Church of New 
London; m. April 11, 1703, at Groton, Elizabeth Bill, dau. of 
Philip and Elizabeth (Lester) Bill of Groton. She was bap. Dec. 
27, 1691, at the First Church of New London. Jonathan Avery was 
a farmer and trader; lived near the ferry in Groton and traded in 
horses to the West Indies. He was on the list of Groton freemen, 
1708; and with his wife was in full communion with the First 
Church of Groton, Nov. 22, 1727. He had lot No. 15 in the assign- 
ment of lots on the cove. He died in Cuba, of yellow fever, 
about 1741. 

Children of Jonathan and Elizabeth (Bill) Avery, b. at 

83. i. Jonathan', b. Dec. 30, 1703. 

84. ii. Elizabeth'; b. Jan. 18, 1705. 

85. iii. Mary', b. Dec. 3, 1707. 

86. iv. Lucy', b. March 20, 1709. 

87. V. Abner% b. May 28, 1712. 

88. vi. Samuel', b. July 7, 1715; not mentioned in division of his brother 

Abel's estate in 1747; probably d. unm. 

89. vii. Abel% b. Sept. 17, 1717. 

90. viii. Temperance', b. Feb. 3, 1719. 

91. ix. Freelove', b. March 16, 1722. 

92. X. Experience', b. Nov. 6, 1724. 

The above differs greatly from the record as given in Sweet's 
The Averys of Groton. There were two Jonathan Averys, each 
with a son Jonathan. One was a son of James"; it is sup- 
posed that the other was a son of Thomas. (See No. 30.) One 
married Elizabeth Bill ; the other married Elizabeth Waterman. 
Mr. Sweet says (page 31) that Jonathan the son of James married 

The Fourth Generation 127 

Elizabeth Waterman; he also says (page 325) that Jonathan the 
son of Thomas married Elizabeth Bill. Both statements are wrong; 
the two Jonathans must exchange places. The following reasons 
have forced the change: 

(1). The Rev. David Avery, in his manuscript history of the 
family, says that Jonathan, the son of James Avery, and his son, 
Jonathan, "went in the expedition to take Cartagena and Cuba 
and they both died in the expedition at Cuba." Jonathan Avery, 
son of Abner (No. 87 above), says in his diary that his grand- 
father, Jonathan Avery, traded in horses to the West Indies and 
died there of yellow fever. Evidently, both these records refer 
to the same Jonathan, and so the father of Abner must have been 
Jonathan the son of James. 

(2). The following deed shows that the Jonathan Avery who 
had a son, Jonathan, living and old enough to hold property in 
1728, was the son of James. The Jonathan Avery who married 
Elizabeth Bill had a son, Jonathan, born 1703, who married in 1724, 
and was living on a farm in Groton in 1728. The Jonathan Avery 
who married Elizabeth Waterman did not have a son, Jonathan, 
until 1743 and so, according to this deed, could not have been the 
son of James. - 

To all people to whom these presents James Avery the Eldest of Groton 
in the County of New London & Colony of Connecticut in New England 
Gentl Sendeth Greeting Know ye that I the sd James Avery for and in 
consideration of the good will & natural affection that I have and do 
bare to my Dutifull grand Son Jonathan Avery jun of sd Groton House 
carpenter and for Divers other valuable considerations me hereunto 
moving Have Given granted Aliened Enfeoffed Conveyed & confirmed 
and by these presents I the sd James Avery do for me my heirs execu- 
tors & Administrators fully freely clearly and absolutely give grant 
alien enfeoffe convey and confirm unto the sd Jonathan Avery jun his 
heirs executors Administrators and assyns for ever a certain tract or 
parcel of Land Situate lying and being in sd Groton at a place called 
Shincoset Neck containing by estimation Fifty acres be the same more 
or less and is all the land that my son Jonathan Avery sen hath in his 
impowerment Butted and bounded as followeth (viz) West with the 
New London Run on the North with Capt. William Lathams Land, on 
the East with a fence partly in a swamp which fence is the bound be- 
twixt sd land and land in the power of my son James Avery Esq of sd 
Groton and on the south bounded with land now in the possession of the 
sd Jonathan Avery jun To have and to hold the sd Given & granted 
premises unto the sd Jonathan Avery jun his heirs executors Adms & 
Assigns forever Together with the House thereon & all appurten- 

128 The Groton Avery Clan 

ances thereunto belonging only I do hereby reserve to my above named 
son Jonathan Avery sen, the sole and full use of each and every part 
of the Premises during his natural life. In witness & in confirmation 
of the above written I the said James Avery have hereunto set my 
hand and Seal in Groton this Sixteenth day of August in the Second 
year of the reign of our Sovereign Lord George the Second of Great 
Britain & King Annoque Dominie 1728. 

Groton, Aug. 16, 1728. 
(See Groton Deeds, Book 1, p. 392) 

(3). In addition to the three children assigned by Mr. Sweet 
(page 31) to Jonathan Avery and his second wife Dorothy (Den- 
ison) Copp were Uriah, born Aug. 23, 1760, and Olive, who was 
baptized at Norwich, May 29, 1763. If the father of this Olive 
was Jonathan the son of James, he must have been 82 years old 
at the time of her baptism, and could not have died in Cuba about 
1741, as stated by the Rev. David Avery, an unimpeached and 
wholly trustworthy witness. 

(4). The Jonathan Avery who married Elizabeth Waterman 
made his will in July 29, 1783, at which time, if he was the son of 
James, he must have been 102 years old. Further, his estate was 
inventoried July 28, 1792, his will having been probated only four 
days before. The remarkable age of 111 years would not have 
passed unnoted. 

For these sufficient reasons we give the record as above. 

17. Hannah* Avery {James\ James', Christopher^) was b. 
March 24, 1685, at Groton; bap. June 13, 1686, First Church of 
Stonington; m. Dec. 30, 1708, at Groton, Samuel Morgan, s. of 
John and Rachel (Deming) Morgan, of Groton. He was b. Sept. 
9, 1669, at Groton. They were living in the North Parish (now 
Ledyard ) in 1727, at which time they were in full communion with 
the First Church of Groton. An inventory of the estate of Samuel 
Morgan, late of Groton, was taken May 31, 1734. Samuel Morgan 
was administrator and his brother, Elijah, signed the bond {New 
London Wills, D:7 5). 

Children of Samuel and Hannah (Avery) Morgan, b. at 
Groton : 

i. Samuel', b. March 9, 1710; m. Sept. 30, 1741, at Groton, Abigail 

Heath; d. at Preston. 
iL Elijah', b. April 13, 1712; m. Nov. 13, 1735, at Groton, Eunice 

Williams. He was one of the grantees of Littleton and Lemps- 

ter, N. H., about 1761 {New Hampshire State Papers, vol. 25, 

p. 221). 

The Fourth Generation 129 

iii. Hannah', b. Feb. 14, 1714. 

iv. Abijah", b. July 6, 1715. He was in the campaigns of 1758 and of 

1762 {French and Indian War Rolls, 2:167, 317). 

V. LuCY% b. March 9, 1717. 

vi. Theophilus', (?). 

vii. Experience", (?). 

viii. Timothy", m. Deborah ; d. Oct. 13, 1795, aged 73. 

January 21, 1744, Timothy Morgan, of Groton, deeded to his 
brothers, Samuel and Elijah, land that had belonged to his honored 
father, Samuel Morgan. Jan. 25, 1739-40, Abijah, Hannah, and 
Lucy Morgan deeded to their brothers, Samuel and Elijah, land 
inherited from their father. April 18, 1734, Samuel Morgan 
deeded land to his brother Elijah. In the deed he mentioned his 
brother, Abijah, and called his honored father "deceased" 
( Groton Deeds, 3: 142, 4: 29, & 5: 14) . I can find no trace of Theo- 
philus and Experience except the record given in the Morgan 

18. Sarah* Avery {James\ James', Christopher'') was b. 
May 10, 1688, at Groton; m. Carey Latham, s. of Carey and Sus- 
anna (Forster) Latham. He was b. Sept. 13, 1690, at Groton. 
His wife died April 20, 1732, at Groton, and was buried in the 
"ancientest" burying-ground at New London, where her tomb- 
stone is still standing. He m. 2d, Sarah Waterhouse, who died 
Feb. 8, 1734. By her he had a son, Carey. He m. 3d, Dorothy 
(Otis) McLaren. He was drowned in the Connecticut River by 
overturning of his canoe, July 11, 1735, and was buried in the 
"ancientest" burying-ground, where his tombstone is still stand- 

Children of Carey and Sarah (Avery) Latham, b. at Groton: 

i. Joseph', b. April 8, 1714; m. Rebecca Green, of Groton. 

ii. Susannah', b. Sept. 1, 1717, at Groton; m. John Williams; d. July 

23, 1799, at Groton. 
iii. Emblem", b. March 14, 1720; m. Moses Hood {Groton Deeds, 5:57) . 
iv. Sarah\ b. Sept. 25, 1723; m. John Fish {Groton Deeds, 7:180). 
V. Mary", b ; m. Jonathan Pratt and moved to Hartford. Her 

name does not appear in the list of Groton births, but numerous 

deeds prove there was such a daughter {Groton Deeds, 5: 189, 

& 7:180, &8:24). 

The above record of the family of Sarah' Avery does not ap- 
pear in Sweet's Averys of Groton. It is possible that it is not 
correct. The reasons for thinking that it is correct are as follows: 

130 The Groton Avery Clan 

(1). James Avery, the father of this Sarah Avery, referred 
to her in 1717 as Sarah Latham, in 1727, he called her Sarah 
Latham. From this it is evident that his daughter, Sarah, was 
married to a Mr. Latham as early as 1717 and that she was alive 
in 1727 {Groto7i Deeds, 2:394). 

(2), A careful search among the Latham records reveals 
only one Latham of that period who married a Sarah. Earlier 
than 1714, Carey Latham married Sarah . . . The last name 
has not been ascertained. Mrs. Sarah Latham's tombstone shows 
that she died in 1732, aged 44; Sarah Avery was born in 1688; 
the age agrees with the dates. 

19. Joseph' Avery (James\ James', Christopher'^) was bap. 
April 17, 1692, at New London; m. Tabitha Gardiner. The Rev. 
David Avery says that Joseph Avery, son of James, married 
Tabitha Gardiner of South Kingston. Mr. Sweet says that they 
were married in South Kingston and that her father's name was 
William. William Gardiner of Kingston, R. I., had a daughter 
Tabitha. He died in 1711, his will mentioned his wife, Elizabeth, 
and a daughter, Tabitha, then apparently unmarried. This Tabitha 
was probably born in Kingston, R. I., between 1685 and 1690. 
On the records of the Second Congregational Church of Griswold, 
Conn., is found the marriage of Henry Skilton of South Kingston 
to Tabitha Avery of North Kingston. As this Tabitha was the 
daughter of Joseph Avery, the marriage record strengthens the 
theory that her mother, the wife of Joseph Avery, came from King- 
ston. A story has been handed down in the Skilton family to the 
effect that Joseph Avery owned an outlying farm, where he had 
cattle and hay. This farm he offered to his eldest son if he would 
occupy the small house upon it during the coming winter and feed 
and care for the stock. When the son declined the offer, the sister, 
Tabitha, accepted it. It was during this winter on the farm that 
she met Henry Skilton whom she soon married. Possibly this 
farm was in North Kingston and came to Joseph Avery through 
his wife. If this is so, old deeds may reveal the parentage of the 
wife of Joseph Avery. 

Norwich, Jan. 10, 1717, James Avery through love deeded to 
his son Joseph land that he bought of Isaac Harrington. This 
land was east of the River Quinabauge at a place called Paba- 
quamsque; 60 acres bounded by the common, River Quinabauge 


1 , 








The Fourth Generation 131 

and Pachog-ue Brook. March 16, 1717, he deeded him two tracts 
of land, through "love he bears his dutiful son Joseph." Sept. 1, 
1729, Ebenezer Avery deeded to his brother Joseph Avery, 
through love, "land in Norwich, on which the said Joseph now 
dwells" (Norwich Deeds, 1:65, & 6:467). 

June 27, 1753, at Norwich, "Old Joseph Avery was drowned" 
is an entry in Jabez Fitch's diary (Mayfloiuer Descendants, 1:38). 
His estate was inventoried at Norwich, Nov. 6, 1753, but was not 
wholly divided until May 5, 1755. The heirs were the widow, Ta- 
bitha Avery; sons, Joseph and Benjamin; dau., Tabitha (Avery) 
Skilton; and the heirs of dau., Lucy, deceased, wife of Jonathan 
Tracy {Norwich Wills, 1:454). 

Children of Joseph and Tabitha (Gardiner) Avery, b. at 

Joseph", b. Sept. 26, 1715; d. latei' than 1755. 

Tabitha"; b. Feb. 25, 1717. 

Elizabeth', b. Aug. 24, 1719; d. Aug. 6, 1743, at Norwich, unm. 

Benjamin', b. Sept. 4, 1721. 

LuCY% b. May 2, 1723. 

20. Mary' Avery (James", James-, Christopher^) was bap. 
July 2, 1693, First Church of New London; m. July 3, 1716, at 
Groton, William Morgan, son of Capt. John Morgan by his second 
wife, the widow Elizabeth Williams, dau. of Lieutenant-governor 
William Jones {Morgan Genealogy, p. 25) . He died in Oct. 1729, 
aged 36, at Groton. He made his will Oct. 3, 1729; it was proved 
Dec. 7, 1729. He mentioned wife; all the children named below; 
beloved brother, Christopher Avery, executor {New London Wills, 

January 22, 1742-3, Samuel Killum, son-in-law; Prudence Mor- 
gan; Margery Morgan; and Jedediah Leeds, son-in-law; receipted to 
their mother, Mary Morgan, for their share in the estate of their 
father, William Morgan {Neic London Wills, F:448). Mary 
(Avery) Morgan died April, 1780, at Groton. 

Children of William and Mary (Avery) Morgan, b. at 

i. Mary', b. May 9, 1717; m. Joseph Allyn. 

ii. Elizabeth', b. Feb. 1, 1719; may have m. Jedediah Leeds. 

iii. Margaret', b. Feb. 26, 1721. 

iv. William', b. June 17, 1723; m. Temperance Avery (No. 82). 

V. Deborah', b. June 26, 1726; m. Samuel Killum. 

132 The Groton Avery Clan 

vi. Prudence'', b. Feb. 29, 1728; m. John Morgan; d. April 16, 1815, at 

21. Benjamin^ Avery (James\ James\ Christopher^) was 
b. 1696, at Groton; m. Thankful Avery (No. 177), daughter of 
John and Sarah (Denison) Avery. She was b. April 15, 1718, at 
Groton, Conn., and d. Jan. 1813, at the same place. She is re- 
corded as No. 28 on page 406 of Sweet's The Averys of Gt^oton. 
Mr. Sweet said that this Thankful Avery was born in 1712, the 
daughter of Benjamin Avery, whose record appears as No. 14 on 
page 406 of his book. But careful search has failed to show that 
there was any such Benjamin, son of John Avery. The whole re- 
cord that appears as No. 14, on the page in question, should be 
cancelled. The family 'historian has taken care of the children; 
the alleged father is a myth. According to the Rev. David Avery 
(whose aunt she was and whom he often visited), this Thankful 
Avery was a daughter of John\ the son of John". 

When fifteen years of age, Thankful Avery was married in a 
lemon-colored, brocaded, silk dress, one of three patterns brought 
from Paris by the captain of a merchant vessel. Two of the pat- 
terns were lemon and one was lavender in color. The captain's 
wife chose one of the lemon-colored ones, to the disappointment 
of Thankful' s father who wished his two daughters to be married 
in gowns of the same color. The older daughter chose lavender, 
so Thankful had the lemon-colored one. It is supposed that the 
two sisters were married at the same time and that the older 

sister was the Sarah who mar- 

^-^ ,,— --TS 1^^^- ^^ Thankful is said to 
(_^_^y have been about fifteen years 
old when married and as her first child was born September 9, 
1735, she also probably was married January 10, 1734. Her 
daughter, Thankful, wore the dress when she married Elihu 
Avery, and in turn, her daughter, Cynthia, wore it when she 
married Ebenezer Lester. At that time, the dress was altered to 
conform to the fashion of that day. From that time to this, the 
dress has been unchanged; it is now in the possession of Cynthia's 
g-randdaughter, who guards it with great care. 

Benjamin* Avery was given the right to build a pew in the 
gallery, July 4, 1720. He was lister, 1731, 1732; fence viewer, 
1733, 1735, 1737, 1749; surveyor, 1737, 1745; selectman, 1755-1758. 

The Fourth Generation 133 

March 16, 1617, James Avery deeded land at the head of Po- 
quonock Cove to his loving son, Benjamin. This land had be- 
longed to his honored father, Capt. James Avery, and "butted" 
on his brother Samuel's land {Gh^oton Deeds, 2:391). Benjamin 
Avery owned (Dec. 6, 1754) two shares in the Wyoming company 
that claimed land in Pennsylvania on the Susquehanna. 

Benjamin^ Avery's will, made Jan. 9, 1769, and probated Jan. 
4, 1773, mentioned his wife Thankful; sons, Benjamin, Daniel, 
Solomon, Denison; daughters, Abigail Smith, Anna Avery; two 
oldest unmarried daughters, Sarah and Mary; two other 
daughters, Lucy and Thankful; two youngest daughters, Deborah 
and Hannah; daughter, Mercy, to be cared for during her natural 
life {Stonington Wills, 2:38). His tombstone is standing in the 
Avery-Morgan burying-ground: "In memory of Benjamin Avery, 
who died Dec. 5, 1772, in ye 76 year of his age." This determines 
the year of his birth and makes him the youngest child. His 
wife. Thankful, was buried by his side. 

Children of Benjamin and Thankful (Avery) Avery, b. at 
Groton : 

Benjamin', b. Sept. 9, 1735. 

Abigail', b. Dec. 12, 1737. 

Deborah', b. Oct. 6, 1738; d. Oct. 29, 1738, at Groton. 

Daniel', b. Nov. 14, 1740. 

Sarah', b. July 29, 1742. 

Anna', b. Jan. 15, 1743-4; m. Griswold Avery (No. 275). 

Mary', b. Jan. 1748. 

Solomon', bap. June 4, 1749, First Church of Groton; was a 
sergeant of militia; d. Sept. 6, 1781, at Fort Griswold, 

Denison', b. June 11, 1749. 


Thankful', bap. Aug. 1, 1755; m. Elihu Avery (No. 278). 

Mercy', bap. July 5, 1757; d. unm. 

Deborah', b. Oct. 2, 1758. 

Hannah', bap. May 30, 1762. 

22. Thomas* Avery {Thomas^, James', Christopher^) was b. 
April 20, 1679, at Groton ; bap. June 29, 1679, First Church of 
New London; m. July 12, 1704, at New London, Ann Shapley, 
dau. of Benjamin and Mary (Picket) Shapley. She was b. Aug. 
31, 1685, at New London. 


























134 The Groton Avery Clan 

Thomas* Avery owned land in Saybrook. A controversy be- 
tween him and Thomas Lord relating to certain lands there 
was settled Dec. 8, 1704. September 11, 1703, he sold land in 
Saybrook, called Pochange, and styled himself yeoman of Say- 
brook. June 5, 1706, he and his brother Samuel sold land in Po- 
change to Samuel Chapman. October 24, 1706, he called himself 
of New London, gent. , and deeded to Samuel Chapman land that 
should have been included in a deed given him, June 5, 1706, at 
Pochange, Oyster River tract (Saybrook Deeds). He died before 
Nov. 25, 1711, at which time his widow married Jonathan Roff 
(Ross?). In the inventory of the estate taken at New London, 
Dec. 11, 1711, the widow is called Ann Ruff and the children are 
Thomas, aged 6, and Ann, aged 4. She married 3d, James Mor- 
gan, June 24, 1729, at New London, and died June 17, 1751, at 

June 17, 1751. "Ann Morgan, relic of Dea. James Morgan, deceased aged 
abt. 68. Her first husband was Thomas Avery, her second Jonathan 
Roff {Hempstead's Diary, p. 570). 

Children of Thomas and Ann (Shapley) Avery, b. at New 

i. Thomas'", b. March 31, 1705; drowned while swimming, July 3, 
1712. at New London. 
108. ii. Ann'', b. May 12, 1707. 

23. Samuer Avery {Thomas', James', Christopher') was 
b. Nov. 15, 1680, at Groton; bap. Jan. 2, 1681, First Church of 
New London; m. June 23, 1702, at New London, Elizabeth Rans- 
ford, dau. of Jonathan and Martha Ransford, late of Boston. 

Mary (Smith) Raymond, in her will before referred to (page 
108) , made May 8, 1705, mentioned Elizabeth Avery, dau. of ' ' my 
cousin Martha Ransford deceased." Jonathan Ransford was b. 
July 26, 1661, at Boston, the child of Jonathan and Mary (Sunder- 
land) Ransford. On April 2, 1698, John Sunderland deeded to 
Elizabeth Ransford, only child of Jonathan Ransford, late of Bos- 
ton, mariner, certain lands "when she shall be 21 or marry" 
(Suffolk Deeds, 16:182). February 16, 1702, Samuel Avery, cord- 
wainer, and Elizabeth, his wife, only child of Jonathan Ransford, 
sold her right in land owned by Jonathan Ransford for £125 to 
John Sunderland (Suffolk Deeds, 21:171). 

Samuel' Avery called himself husbandman when, in conjunc- 
tion with his brother Thomas, he sold land in Pochange, Oyster 

The Fourth Generation 135 

River quarter, to Samuel Chapman, June 5, 1706 {Sayhrook Deeds) . 
In 1710, he bought of Jonathan Rogers, twenty acres of land, 
house and orchard, on the north side of Saw-mill Brook, in Mohe- 
gan (Montville) (Henry Baker's i^Tistony o/ Motif vi/^e, p. 93). He 
probably lived and died on this place. He and Adonijah Fitch 
owned pew No. 8, in the original church erected in Montville. 

In his will dated Feb. 22, 1749 50, New London, North 
Parish, Samuel Avery mentioned wife, Elizabeth; sons, John and 
Ephraim; daughters, Martha, Elizabeth, Alethea, Hannah, Anna, 
and Mary; "children of my son Ransford deceased, five shillings 
to each of them and to his son Samuel who now lives with me I 
give fifty pounds money old tenor" (New London Wills, F: 56). 
He died Feb. 25, 1749-50, at Montville. His widow died 
Sept. 9, 1761, at Montville. 

Children of Samuel and Elizabeth (Ransford) Avery: 

Ransford', b. June 26, 1703, at Saybrook, Conn. 


Samuel', bap. March 27, 1709, First Church of Norwich; d. 

July 15, 1712, at Montville. 
Elizabeth^ bap. Sept. 16, 1711, First Church of Norwich. 
Alethea', bap. July 25, 1714, First Church of Norwich. 
Hannah", bap. June 29, 1718, First Church of New London. 
Thomas', bap. June 29, 1718, First Church of New London; 

nothing further known; died before 1750. 
Ann", bap. May 22, 1719, First Church of New London. 
John", b. Feb. 14, 1723, at Montville. 
Mary", bap. Aug. 21, 1725, First Church of Montville. 
Ephraim", bap. June 25, 1727, First Church of Montville. 

24. Ephraim^ Avery (Thomas-, James-, Christopher^) was 
bap. Oct. 18, 1685, First Church of Stonington; m. Abigail . . . 
She died Aug. 25, 1717, and was buried in the Mason burying- 
ground at Mystic. 

"Here lyeth ye body of Abigal ye wife of Ephraim Avery, who died 25th 
August, 1717, in ye 29th year of her age." 

On the foot stone are the words: 

"Abigal Avery, 1717, with their child one day old." 

She was probably Abigail Mason, dau. of Daniel and Rebecca 
(Hobart) Mason, b. Feb. 3, 1689, at Stonington. In the same small 
lot are buried Daniel and Rebecca Mason, her supposed father 
and mother. 






















136 The Groton Avery Clan 

Ephraim^ Avery was a mariner and sailed in the sloop "Sea 
Flower," Capt. King. The sloop arrived from Saltudus, April 17, 
1719, with smallpox aboard. 

Saturday, May 9, 1719, " Ephraim Avery was buried on Powder Island, 
he died with Small Pox on Bord of Capt. King-" {Hempstead's 
Diary, p. 88). 

June 3, 1719, the general court ordered that the doctor's fees and 
certain other charges be paid out of his estate (Conn. Col. Rec, 
6: 137). His estate was inventoried, Oct. 19, 1719. His brother, 
Samuel Avery, administered it June 3, 1720; no mention was 
made of wife or child. Hannah Minor, his sister, accounted for 
certain things left in her care when he went to sea {New Lon- 
don Wills, B: 372). 

25. Hannah* Avery {Thomas', James', Christopher^) was b. 
May 4, 1686; bap. April 16, 1688, at Stonington; m. Dec. 26, 1706, 
at Stonington, Conn. , Thomas Minor, son of Manasseh and Lydia 
(More) Minor. He was b. Sept. 20, 1683, at Stonington, and bap. 
Nov. 14, of same year. First Church of Stonington. He was also 
deacon of this church. In his will, made Dec. 6, 1734, he men- 
tioned children, Thomas, Sylvanus, Jonathan, Manasseh, Hannah, 
Prudence, and Lydia. He died April 9, 1739, at Stonington. His 
widow, Hannah, in her will, dated Nov. 21, 1762, mentioned son, 
Jonathan; daus., Hannah Grant, Prudence Avery, Lydia Minor; 
and son-in-law, John Avery, who was to buy and set her grave- 
stone and the gravestones of her deceased sons, Thomas Minor 
and Manasseh Minor. She died Dec. 9, 1762, at Stonington. 

Children of Thomas and Hannah (Avery) Miner, b. at 

i. Thomas', b. Oct. 4, 1707; m. Jan. 5, 1745, Sarah Watson; d. Nov. 22, 
1760, at Stonington. 

ii. Sylvanus", b. March 3, 1709; m. the widow, Ann (Avery) Griffing 
(No. 108) ; d. March 15, 1786, at Stonington. 

iii. Hannah% b. Nov. 23, 1710; m. Jan. 25, 1744-5, at Stonington, Noah 
Grant. He was a son of Josiah and Rebecca (Minor) Grant. 
His mother was the dau. of Hannah (Avery) Minor (No. 3). 

iv. Jonathan", b. Feb. 25, 1714; m. Ann Avery (No. 115). 

V. Lydia", b. Jan. 12, 1716, d. Jan. 22, 1716, at Stonington. 

vi. Prudence", b. Dec. 6, 1719; m. John Avery (No. 116). 

vii. Manasseh", b. Feb. 25, 1723; d. unm. before Oct. 5, 1754, at Ston- 
ington, when his estate was divided among his brothers and sis- 
ters (New London Wills, F: 619). 


The Fourth Generation 137 

viii. Ephraim"', twin to Manasseh, d. aged one year and two months. 
ix. Lydia", b. April 26, 1727; d. June 26, 1788, at Stonington, unm. 

26. Abraham' Avery {Thomas', James', Christopher') was 
bap. March 6, 1692, First Church of New London; m. March 14, 
1727, at Montville, Jane Hill, dau. of Jonathan and Mary (Shars- 
wood) Hill of Montville. She was bap. March 8, 1701-2, First Church 
of New London. Abraham Avery and his wife were members of 

the church at Montville. In 
1724, he was one of the com- 
mittee to lay out the minister's 
^/iCZ^a^Tl^ OfWiyXzxi^; in 1737, he was one of 

^.^ the society's committee; in 
1750, he was chosen elder of 
the church. He was prominent in affairs connected with the In- 
dians, being, in 1733, one of the grand jurors whose duty it was 
to look after all derelictions of the Mohegan Indians. In 1746, he 
was one of the committee to arrange that the Indians attend the 
parish church. 

He lived and died on his homestead which was on the Nor- 
wich road. North Parish, and was given him by his father, about 
March 20, 1722, on condition that he care for him and his ' ' now 
spouse ' ' during their natural lives {New London Deeds) . His 
wife d. July 26, 1744, at Montville. October 1, 1751, he m. at 
Montville, Sarah Copp, dau. of Jonathan and Catharine (Lay) 
Copp, of Montville. She was b. Dec. 3, 1712, at Montville. 
Abraham Avery d. June 23, 1761, at Montville. 

Children of Abraham and Jane (Hill) Avery, b. at Mont- 

Jane% b. Dec. 3, 1727. 

Mary% b. Sept. 15; d. Oct. 3, 1729. 

Thomas% b. Oct. 16, 1730. 

Hannah% b. Oct. 31, 1732. 

RUTH% b. July 1, 1735. 

Jonathan', b. June 27, 1737. 

William % b. March 7, 1739, died unm. He made his will March 
28, 1770; it was probated Oct. 9, 1770, at Willimantic. He 
divided his estate among sister Jane, wife of James Chap- 
pel; sister Hannah, wife of Daniel Smith; sister Ruth, 
wife of Abel Griswold; Thomas William, son of brother 
Nathan deceased; brothers, Thomas, Jonathan, and Abra- 
ham {Probate Records, Willimantic, Conn. ) . 













138 The Groton Avery Clan 

124. viii. Nathan', b. May 6, 1741. 

125. ix. Abraham', b. July 18, 1744. 

27. Joshua' Avery {Thomas\ James', Christopher^) was bap. 
Aug. 25, 1695, First Church of New London; m. Aug. 17, 1722, 
at Norwich, Conn., Jerusha Rockwell, dau. of Josiah and Ann 
(Bhss) Rockwell, of Norwich. She was b. March 6, 1694-5, at 

December 20, 1722, Josiah Rockwell deeded 19 acres of land 
east on the Sheutucket (?) River to his beloved daughter, Jerusha, 
wife of Joshua Avery, late of Norwich. They sold this land, 
March 26, 1728, to Jonathan Brewster {Norwich Deeds, 4: 3 & 5: 
214). He was a member of First Church, Norwich, Feb. 6, 1743. 

Children of Joshua and Jerusha (Rockwell) Avery, b. at Nor- 

126. i. LuCY% b. Sept. 12, 1728. 

127. ii. J0SHUA% b. Dec. 11, 1730; bap. Dec. 13, 1730, First Church 

of Norwich. 

28. Mary^ Avery {Thomas', James', Christopher^) m, Ben- 
jamin Baker, s. of Joshua and Hannah (Tongue-Minter) Baker. 
He was bap. May 6, 1711, First Church of New London. 

" Benja. Baker & Mary Avery" were published Sunday, Aug, 3, 1718 
(Hempstead's Diary, p. 78) . 

Benjamin Baker deeded land that he had of his father, Joshua 
Baker, to Samuel Avery, April 1, 1719. Abraham Avery was one 
of the witnesses {Neiv London Deeds, 7:306). Benjamin Baker 
conveyed his interest in the common lands to John Bolles, Feb. 
24, 1742-3, "being four-tenths part of land allotted to Joshua 
Baker, the elder, deceased, by the proprietors of New London ' ' 
(Baker's History of Montville, p. 89). 

29. Elizabeth* Avery {Thomas', James', Christopher^) m. 
May 19, 1724, at Montville, Conn., Sylvester Baldwin, s, of John 
and Rebecca (Palmer) Baldwin. His first wife was Lydia Minor, 
whose brother, Thomas, married Hannah Avery (No. 25), sister 
of Elizabeth. He was b. March 4, 1677, at Stonington. She was 
his second wife. They lived in Stonington, north part. She d. 
July 17, 1728. He d. about 1732, leaving a large estate. 

Children of Sylvester and Elizabeth (Avery) Baldwin, b. at 

The Fourth Generation 139 

i. Elizabeth', b. July 6, 1725; m. Feb. 1, 1744, Capt. Thomas Prentice, 
s. of Samuel and Esther (Hammond) Prentice; d. Dec. 21, 1777, 
at Stonington. (See No. 15). 

ii. Mary'-, b. Sept. 14, 1726; m. Humphrey Avery (No. 233). 

30. Jonathan' Avery {Thomas\ James', Christopher^) m. 
April 16, 1724, at New London, Conn. , Elizabeth Waterman, dau. 
of John and Elizabeth (Lathrop) Waterman. She was b. Oct. 5, 
1702, at Norwich. Jonathan Avery was an extensive land owner 
at Norwich and Lisbon (Cf. No. 16, ante). John Waterman, out 
of love, deeded to his beloved son-in-law, Jonathan Avery, * 'cord- 
wayner," twenty rods of land, Jan. 14, 1725-6. At the court held 
at Norwich, June 2, 1724, Christopher Christophers, judge, Jona- 
than Avery of Norwich * ' hath lysence granted him to set up and 
use the art or mistery of tanning leather," December 20, 1726, 
Jonathan Avery was granted liberty ' 'to set his tan vatts in the 
hollow near his house, between ye path and Joseph Waterman's 
little orchard fense" {Town Meeting Book, 3). He was fence- 
viewer in 1735; keeper of the town poor the same year; lister in 
1746. He gave to each of his sons, daughters, and sons-in-law, a 
liberal amount of land. Elizabeth, his wife, died Jan. 4, 1750, at 
Norwich. He m. 2d, Oct 18, 1752, Mrs. Dorothy Copp, widow of 
Deacon David Copp. Her first husband was Ebenezer Rogers. She 
was the daughter of Capt. Robert and Dorothy (Stanton) Denison, 
and was bap. Dec. 30, 1722, at Norwich. She survived her third 

Jonathan' Avery made his will July 28, 1783; he called himself 
of Lisbon; mentioned wife, Dorothy, and dau., Ann, who lived 
with them; Elizabeth, Hannah, Charles, Elisha, and Jonathan, 
living and dead, had had their shares; sons, David and Uriah, to 
have the lands that he died possessed of; David to pay to daughter 
Lucy six pounds, and Uriah to pay to daughter Olive six pounds; 
son-in-law, Charles Guilkey is mentioned. The inventory of the 
estate of Jonathan Avery, late of Lisbon, was made Sept. 28, 
1792, the will having been probated July 24, 1792, at Norwich 
(Noricich Wills, 8: 441). 

We are not sure that Thomas^ Avery had a son Jonathan; the 
foregoing is inserted here in accordance with the common belief, 
hoping that the facts in regard to the matter may in time be 

140 The Groton Avery Clan 

Children of Jonathan and Elizabeth (Waterman) Avery, b. 
at Norwich: 

138. i. Elizabeth% b. Jan. 7, 1725. 

139. ii. Hannah% b. Oct. 1, 1727. 

140. iii. Charles', b. March 30, 1730. 

141. iv. ELISHA^ b. April 8, 1735. 

142. V. Jonathan", b. June 6, 1743. 

Children of Jonathan and Dorothy (Denison) Avery, b. at 

143. i. Ann% b. July 10, 1753. 

144. ii. LuCY% b. July 16, 1755. 

145. iii. David% b. Dec. 27, 1757. 

146. iv. Uriah% b. Aug. 23, 1760. 

147. V. Olive% bap. May 29, 1763, First Church of Norwich. 

31. Charles ' Avery (Thomas', James', Christopher') was bap. 
Oct. 27, 1706, First Church of Norwich. He is supposed to have 
died young. The town of Norwich owed Charles Avery 2s, for 
plank, Jan. 4, 1726-7 (Town Meeting Book, 3). 

32. Isaac* Avery (Thomas', James~, Christopher') was bap. 
July 17, 1709, First Church of Norwich; m. 1731, Elizabeth Fox, 
dau. of Samuel and Margaret (Brintnell) Fox. She was b. 1709. 
March 6, 1755, Isaac Avery receipted for his wife's share of the 
estate of her father, Samuel Fox (New London Wills, G: 100). 
February 1, 1736-7, Hannah Avery deeded all the land that she 
had had of her honored father, Joshua Raymond, to her son, Isaac 
Avery (Neiu London Deeds) . 

Isaac' Avery d. April 3, 1777, at West Stafford, Conn. His 
widow d. Oct. 27, 1803, at West Stafford. She was bap. after her 
marriage, June 29, 1732, at First Church of Norwich. 
Children of Isaac and Elizabeth (Fox) Avery: 

Margaret", bap. June 29, 1732, First Church of Norwich. 

Zervia\ bap. April 8, 1733, First Church of Norwich. 



Daniel% b. April 19, 1748. 


34. Abigail' Avery, (John\ James', Christopher') was b. 
Jan. 18, 1679, at Groton; bap. March 30, 1679, First Church of New 
London; m. James Packer, s. of Thomas and Rebecca (Wells) 
Packer. Rebecca Wells was the widow of Thomas Latham. 













The Fourth Generation 141 

James Packer was bap. Sept. 11, 1681, First Church of New Lon- 
don. Mrs. Abigail (Avery) Packer d. Nov. 10, 1722, at Groton, 
and James Packer m. 2d, Elizabeth Springer, and 3d, Thankful 
Fanning. He was deputy, 1717, 1732, 1733, 1734, 1735; was com- 
missioned captain, 1735 (Conn. Col. Rec, 6:2 & 7:363, 403, 424, 464 
&5:17 & 8:4). He d. April 24, 1765, from a fire that burned his 
barn. His will was probated May 10, 1765, at New London. He 
mentioned his wife, Thankful; sons, Ichabod, John, and Joseph; 
family of son, James, deceased; dau., Abigail Eldridge; dau.. De- 
sire, wife of Capt. John Burrows; dau., Freelove, wife of Lemuel 
Burrows; children of deceased daughter, Lucretia Fish; dau., 
Anna, wife of William Havens of Long Island; and the children 
of his later marriage. He left each son a good farm. 

Children of James and Abigail (Avery) Packer, b. at 
Groton : 

i. IcHABOD% b. Jan. 15, 1707; m. Abigail Eldridge; d. May 10, 1768, at 

ii. Abigail', b. Oct. 23. 1708; m. Thomas Eldridge. 
iii. James', b. Nov. 2, 1710; m. Zervia Eldridge. 
iv. Desire", b. Sept. 11, 1712; m. Capt. John Burrows. 
V. Freelove', b. Jan. 20, 1715; m. Lemuel Burrows, 
vi. Lucretia', b. Aug. 2, 1717; m. John Fish; d. Sept. 6, 1747, at Groton. 
vii. Anna% b. Feb. 9, 1719; m. William Havens, 
viii. John', b. Sept. 16, 1720, m. Hannah Avery (No. 269). 
ix. Joseph'; b. Nov. 2, 1722; m. Eleanor Ashley; 2d, Esther Morgan; d. 
Nov. 28, 1804, at Groton. 

35. Mary' Avery {John\ James', Christopher^) was bap. 
Nov. 14, 1680, First Church of New London; m. March, 1698, 
William Denison, s. of John and Phebe (Lay) Denison of Stoning- 
ton. He was b. April 7, 1677, at Stonington, and d. Jan. 30, 1730, 
at Stonington. His widow m. 2d, Jan. 12, 1732, at Stonington. 
Daniel Palmer, s. of Nehemiah and Hannah (Stanton) Palmer. 
He was b. Nov. 12, 1672, at Stonington. His widow outlived him 
and d. Feb. 30, 1762, at Stonington. 

Children of William and Mary (Avery) Denison, b. at Ston- 

i. Mary', bap. Sep. 3, 1699; d. same year. 

ii. Mary', bap. June 6, 1701, First Church of Stonington; m. Edward 

Herrick; she d. Jan. 9. 1735; he m. 2d, the widow, Margaret 

Avery (No. 51). 
iii. Phebe', bap. June 6, 1701, First Church of Stonington; m. Benj. Gile; 

2d, Stephen Herrick; she died before 1738. 

142 The Groton Avery Clan 

iv. Ann% bap. Dec. 2, 1710; m. John Denison, Nov. 9, 1720; she d. Sept. 
15, 1721. 

V. William", bap. Dec. 2, 1710; m. Hannah Burrows; 2d, Hannah Tyler; 
d. Jan. 29, 1760, at Stonington. 

vi. Abigail', bap. Dec. 2, 1710; m. Roger Billings. 

vii. Lucy", bap. Dec. 2, 1710; m. John Swan, Jr. 

viii. Avery", bap. Jan. 29, 1727, First Church of Preston; m. Thankful Wil- 
liams; d. April 3, 1775, at Stonington. 

ix. Thankful", bap. Jan. 29, 1727, First Church of Preston; m. Joseph 

X. Desire", bap. Jan. 29, 1727, First Church of Preston; m. John Stanton 
of Preston. 

xi. Christopher", bap. Dec. 7, 1729, First Church of Preston; m. Abigail 

xii. John", b. Feb. 23, 1722; m. Martha Wheeler. 

36. John' Avery, {John'', James', Christopher^) was bap. 
April 1, 1683, First Church of New London; m. Aug. 23, 1705, at 
Groton, Sarah Denison, dau. of William and Sarah (Stanton) 
Denison {David Avery ms. ) . She was b. April 14, 1689, at Ston- 
ington. In the deeds recorded at Groton, this John Avery is 
called sergeant. His father gave him several tracts of land "out 
of love" and "for his livelihood." On July 17, 1705, just before 
his marriage, Capt. John 'Avery gave to his "loving son John 
Avery" 80 acres of land lying upon the north end of Poquonock 
Plain, bounded north by James Morgan's land and some part of the 
brook that enters into Poquonock Cove, west by the lands of John 
Daws, southerly ' 'with land of my own, ' ' together with house, 
orchard, fruit-trees, &c. ; also a grass meadow, both sides of 
Stony Brook on the east side of the great river, ' 'which was given 
me by my honored father, Capt. James Avery, deceased. ' ' All 
the waterways were included in the gift {Groton Deeds, 2:148). 
John Avery bought various parcels of land from his brothers and 
from others. His name appears on the lists of freemen of Groton, 
1708, 1712; as selectman in 1724 and 1732; and as surveyor several 
terms. He had the right to build a pew in the meeting-house 
gallery in 1720, and, with his wife, was a member of the First 
Church of Groton before the ordination of 1727. Lot No. 17, in 
the division of the common lands, was set off to him. He d. in 
October, 1762 {David Avery ms. ) ; his will was probated Dec. 7, 
1762, at New London, He mentioned wife; eldest son, John; dau., 
Sarah, widow of Adam Denison; dau., Abigail, wife of John Deni- 

















The Fourth Generation 143 

son; dau.. Thankful, wife of Benjamin Avery; son, William; and 
son, George. His wife d. Aug., 1774 {David Avery ms.). 

Children of John and Sarah (Denison) Avery, b. at Groton : 

JoHN% b. May 14, 1706. 

Anna', b. June 13, 1711; d. Sept. 25, 1720, at Groton. 

Sarah'', b. Oct. 10, 1713. 

Abigail', b. Dec. 25, 1715. 

Thankful', b. April 15, 1718; m. Benjamin Avery (No. 21). 

George", b. Sept. 2, 1724; "was killed at 7 years of age by a 

servant boy, by discharge of a gun with grape shot through 

a door" {David Avery ms.). 
William"', b. April 1, 1726 (David Avery ms.). 
LucY% bap. June 23, 1732, First Church of Groton. 
George ', bap. March 20, 1737, First Church of Groton. "George 

was ten years younger than William, he was born when his 

mother was 48 years old ' ' (David Avery ms. ) . 

37. Nathaniel' Avery, (John\ James', Christopher^) was 
bap. June 19, 1692, First Church of New London. He probably 
married before 1721, Rachel Yeomans, dau. of Edward and Mary 
Yeomans. David Avery wrote that Nathaniel Avery m. Desire 
Yeomans and moved to Walnut Hill, Lyme. September 26, 1721, 
Edward Yeomans, in a deed, mentioned his loving son-in-law, Na- 
thaniel Avery. Nathaniel Avery, in a deed dated Dec. 3, 1724, 
spoke of land that he had bought of his father-in-law, Edward 
Yeomans, late of Groton (Groton Deeds, 2:280). Edward Yeo- 
mans, late of Groton, called himself of Grinage (Greenwich), Fair- 
field Co., Conn., and, in 1725, spoke of himself as then living in 
Elizabeth, Essex Co. , Province of East Jersey. These, and other 
deeds, make it plain that the last name of Nathaniel Avery's wife 
was Yeomans. David Avery said the first name was Desire, but 
the birth of his son, Elisha, is recorded at Lyme, Conn., as the 
son of Nathaniel and Rachel Avery. Edward and Mary Yeomans 
had a daughter, Rachel, bap. in the First Church of Stonington, 
July 31, 1692. Although Nathaniel Avery had a dau. Desire, the 
most careful search fails to show that Edward Yeomans had a 
dau. of that name. We think, that, for once, David Avery was 
mistaken, and that Nathaniel Avery married Rachel Yeomans. 
We have before given reasons for believing that Nathaniel was 
born before his brother William. Nathaniel Avery was a freeman 
of Groton, 1712; hence he was at least twenty-one years old. 

144 The Groton Avery Clan 

Several times, John^ Avery, the father, deeded land to his dutiful 
sons, Nathaniel\ William', andElisha\ invariably mentioning them 
in that order {Groton Deeds, 1:329). April 17, 1724, Capt. John 
Avery of Groton, "out of love," deeded to his dutiful son, Na- 
thaniel Avery of Groton, "my dwelling house and land," 30 acres 
bounded "on the west side with the land of my brother Capt. 
James Avery," north by Nehemiah Smith's land, easterly by the 
common, westerly by Poquonock lane. March 6, 1726-7, Nathaniel 
Avery deeded land that he had of his honored father, Capt. 
John Avery, to Lawrence Stagors, except the part he had already 
sold to his brother, John Avery {Groton Deeds, 2:90, 379). April 
1, 1746, Nathaniel Avery deeded to his eldest son, Nathaniel, "he 
being of law^ful age, " forty acres of land on Walnut Hill. Decem- 
ber 20, 1747, William Avery, son of Nathaniel, bought land of 
Henry Rowland; so he must have been, at that time, at least twen- 
ty-one years old. Nathaniel Avery called himself of Groton, in 

deeds, 1716, 1721, 

J r^^"^^ 1726. He was 

y^ when ( April 10 ) 
^^ he bought land of 

Moses Huntley. In 1737, he bought 70 acres on Walnut Hill; in 
1745, he bought of Joshua Bill, of South Kingston, 50 acres more 
on Walnut Hill, and still more of Thomas Lord, in 1750 {Lyme 
Deeds, 6:34, 369 & 8:180, 535 & 12:169). 

Nathaniel Avery's will was made July 1, 1769, and proved 
June 28, 1770. In it he mentioned wife, Abigail; son, William, 
deceased; sons, Andrew and Amos; grandson, Elisha, eldest son 
of deceased son, Nathaniel, late of Lyme; dau.. Desire Whitney, 
wife of John Whitney; granddau., Abigail, wife of Joseph Sweet; 
granddaus., Abigail and Hannah, daus. of dau., Mary Huntley, 
deceased; grandson, Amos, son of dau., Mary Merriot, deceased 
{New London Wills, J:94). 

The children of Nathaniel Avery were born in several places; 
some of their names were obtained only from the settlement of 
their father's estate. We cannot determine the order of birth, 
nor do we know whether they were all the children of Rachel. 

Children of Nathaniel Avery: 
181. i. Nathaniel'. 

















The Fourth Generation 145 


Elisha', b. Nov. 16, 1726, at Lyme. 

Mary'-, bap. May 4th, 1729, at First Church of Groton. 

Andrew, bap. April 16, 1732, at First Church of Groton. 





38. Joseph" Avery, {John', James', Christopher'') was bap. 
June 19, 1682, First Church of New London. He died before May 
1, 1714, leaving a widow, Mary. According to David Avery, he 
also left two children, Amos and Jerusha; Amos died in Antigua 
"heirless" and Jerusha married Ezekiel Yarrington of Stonington. 
In the Groton land-book (1:263) is a deed, much defaced and some 
of it destroyed. Enough remains to show that it was given by 
Mary, widow of Joseph Avery, May 1, 1714; the name of James 
Packer occurs on the deed, but in what connection can not be as- 
certained. The record of the marriage of Jerusha Avery to Ezek- 
iel Yarrington has been found; further, the name Joseph Avery 
Yarrington has been handed down in that family. 

Children of Joseph and Mary Avery: 

190. i. Amos'. 

191. ii. Jerusha". 

39. William' Avery {John\ James', Christopher^) was bap. 
June 19, 1692, at First Church of New London; m. March 27, 
1715, at Stonington, Anne Richardson, dau. of Samuel and Anne 
(Chesebrough) Richardson. She was b. Nov. 12, 1688, at Ston- 
ington. September 18, 1714, Capt. John Avery deeded to his 
sons, Nathaniel, William, and Elisha, lands for their livelihood 
{Groton Deeds, 1:329). December 27, 1714, William Avery w^as 
voted to be an inhabitant of Groton. About this time, he prob- 
ably moved to Stonington. September 10, 1716, William Avery 
deeded land that he had of his honored father to his brother, 
John {Groton Deeds, 1: 324). April 16, 1717, with his brother, 
Elisha, he deeded to his brother, Nathaniel, land that he had by 
gift "from my honored father, Capt. John Avery" {Groton Deeds, 
1: 381). May 25, 1718, William Avery and his wife owned the 
covenant of the First Church of Stonington and had their son. 
Richardson, baptized. ' 'Anne, wife of William Avery, died July 
5, 1729" {Stonington Records) . 

146 The Groton Avery Clan 

"June ye 3d, 1731, Lieutenant William Avery and Mrs. Sarah Walker 
were joyned in marriage at his house in Stonington, North Society, by 
me, J. Hempstead, Justice of Peace" {Stonington Records) . 

"Saturday June 5, 1731. I maried Lt. Wm. Avery to Sarah Walker ye 3d 
Instant" (Hempstead's Diary, p. 235). 

The title Mrs, indicated good social position and not widowhood. 
Sarah Walker was the dau. of William and Eleanor (Pendleton) 
Walker. She was born about 1709 and, being left an orphan be- 
fore 1712, was brought up by her grandmother, Hannah (Goode- 
now) Pendleton. December 28, 1731, William Avery and Sarah, 
his wife, quitclaimed to Caleb Pendleton of Westerly, R. I. , for a 
hundred and sixty pounds, current money, a certain tract of land 
that was * ' Given to our Honored Mother, Eleanor Pendleton, by 
her father, Mr. James Pendleton, Both Deceased." Novembers, 
1733, William Avery and Sarah, his wife, quitclaimed to Joseph 
Pendleton of Westerly, R. I., for ten pounds, all right in the 
estate of their great grandfather, Brian Pendleton, late of Saco, 
deceased (Rockingham Co. Records, 20: 232). The following from 
the Middlesex Deeds, Mass., vol. 37, p. 220, shows the further an- 
cestry of Sarah Walker: 

Know ye etc. that We, William Avery and Sarah, his wife, of Stonington, 
in County of New London, Colony of Connecticut, yeoman, considera- 
tion £30 "paid by our Uncle Thomas Walker of Sudbury in the County 
of Middlesex, Mass. Bay, N. E., yeoman, aquit, etc. . . . grant to 
said Thomas Walker, all right we have in real and personal estate of 
our honored grandfather, William Walker, late of Sudbury, deceased, 
died seized of in his own proper right, etc. Habendem in fee. Full 
Warrenty. Dated Nov. 17, 1735. 


Samuel and Sarah Browne. 
Ack. Nov. 17, 1735 by both, before 

Hopestill Browne, J. P. 
Recorded Jan. 22, 1735. [The date is written in old style, of course.] 

William' Avery seems to have transferred his membership 
from the First to the Second Church of Stonington. Sarah, his 

wife, and Amos, their son, were bap. 
there Sept. 23, 1733. In 1721, 
he and his brother, Elisha, with 
others, petitioned the general court 
that the meeting-house might be located on Granoly Hill {Eccles, 
Docs., Hartford, 2: 210). 

October 1, 1727, Sergt. William Avery was chosen lieuten- 
ant by the people of Stonington {Co7in. Military Archives, Doc. 


The Fourth Generation 147 

368). In the record of the gen- 
eral assembly is found the fol- 
lowing : 

14th of May, 1730, "This assembly 
do establish and confirm Mr, 
William Avery, of Stoningtown, 
to be Lieutenant of the South 
part of the Second Company in 
Stonington aforesaid, and order 
that he be commissioned ac- 
cordingly " {Conn. Col. Records, 
7: 276). 

There was much trouble be- 
tween Capt. Ephraim Minor (No. 
3, ii) , captain of this company, and 
his command. October 12, 1727, 
William Avery wrote a letter, 
signed by himself and two others, 
exonerating Ephraim Minor from 
swearing {Conn. Military Ar- 
chives, 1: 374). A letter from 
"J. Talcott, governor, to Lieut. 
William Avery, greeting," asked 
the latter to lead the train-band 
to a choice of officers. On the 
back of the document is an 
endorsement by Lieut. William 
Avery stating that he had done 
"7^ so {Conn. Military Archives, 

^ ^gk 2:71). 

The next document in the 

archives states that they chose 

Capt. Ephraim Miner captain of 

second company train-band, Sept. 

. _^ 23, 1731, at the house of Lieut. 

»cJ ^ ^ *** «*^ William Avery, Stonington, and 

nT^ r^ T*^^ r\ asked that he be commissioned 




accordingly by the general court, 
which was done. 

November, 1720. Mr. William 
Avery was appointed by the gen- 

148 The Groton Avery Clan 

eral court to give notice to the qualified voters of Stonington to 
meet and to choose their clerk and men to manage their society 
or parish. The next year, October, 1721, he was one of the com- 
mittee to collect the taxes. 

Feb. 17, 1745, William Avery bought land of William and 
Catharine Thompson for 80 pounds {Stonington Deeds, 5:521). 
Catharine Thompson was the sister of his first wife and the land 
probably adjoined land that he had received from Samuel Rich- 
ardson, his wife's father. Here, near the center of North Ston- 
ington, Lieutenant William' Avery lived and died. His original 
will is on file in the probate office at New London. 

May ye 25th, Anno Domino, 1754. 

In the name of God, Amen, I William Avery of Stonington in ye County 
of New London, in the Colony of Connecticut, in New England, being 
sick and weak in body but of Perfect Mind and memory, Thanks be 
given unto God, and knowing yt is appointed unto me once to Dye, 
Do make and Ordain this my last will and Testament, and first of all I 
recommend my soul to God who gave it and my Body to be Buried in a 
decent manner, at ye direction of my executors, and as touching such 
worldly estate as it hath pleased God to Give me. I Give and dispose 
of ye same in the following manner: Imprimis, I give to Sarah, my 
beloved Wife, all my land which I have bought, that is to say, all my 
land besides yt came to me by my former wife, to be hers forever. I 
will that my just Debts and Funeral charges be paid and Discharged 
in convenient time after my decease, and further, I give to my Wife, 
Sarah, all my movable estate which shall remain after my Funeral 
expenses and Legacies are discharged and paid; I also give unto her, 
my said wife, one half of my Dwelling House, to wit: The east part 
of it, that is to say, the cellar, the Room above it, and the Chamber 
and Garret above them and the east part of the Kitchen, to be hers 
forever. Item, I give to my sons, Richardson and William, all my land 
which was their mothers (to wit: Anne, my former wife), and the 
same to be equally divided between them. 

Item, I give to my son John four hundred pounds in money. 

Item, I give to my daughter Anne, one hundred and fifty pounds in money, 
she having had part of her portion before, in Goods and Chattels, &c. 
And it is my will that my sons Richardson and William do pay unto my 
son John and my daughter Anne the portions that I have given them. 

Item, I give to my son Richardson thirty pounds, and it is my will that my 
son William should pay it to him. 

Item, to my sons Amos, Christopher, Elias, David, Daniel, Benoni, James, 
Nathaniel, Abraham, and to my daughter Abigail, I give seven pounds 
apiece. And it is my will yt my sons yt are young and have not Trades, 
be timely put to Learn such trades as they shall Choose, at the Discre- 
tion of my executors. 

The Fourth Generation 149 

And I do hereby Constitute and Ordain my beloved Wife and my sons Will- 
iam and Amos (if Amos come again from sea; if not, then in his room, 
my son Christopher) to be my executors of this my last will and 
In witness wherof I have here unto set my hand and seal, ye day and date 

above said. 
Signed, Sealed, Pronounced and Declared by ye said William Avery, to be 
his last will and Testament in ye presence of witnesses. 
Walter Howit, 
Ephraim Fellows, 
Hannah Fellows. 

This will shows that he was a just man. He left all the pro- 
perty that he had received with his first wife to her grown-up 
children. The property that he had made himself or received at 
his second marriage, was given to his widow, who was left with 
ten children, the youngest being five days old at the time the will 
was made. He desired that his boys become useful men and, to 
that end, made provision that they be timely put to learn trades. 
He appointed as his executors a son by each marriage, they to act 
in conjunction with his wife. The inventory was taken "February 
ye 18, anno Dom: 1755," and accepted by the court, April 26, 
1755. The amount of the estate was 1288 pounds and nine shill- 
ings, old tenor. Among the things inventoried were ' 1 old Bibble 
and Psalmbook," "1 hour glass," looms, wheels, etc. 

Upon his death-bed, William* Avery gave his son, Benoni, to 
his cousin, Benoni Smith, for whom he was named. March 13, 
1759, William' Avery and Abigail, his wife, testified that they 
often heard 

"Their Honned Father, Lieutenant William Avery, of Stonington, Say in 
the time of his Life & When he Lay upon his Death-bed, That he 
Gave His Son Benoni Avery to his Uncle Benoni Smith, Esquire, of 
Westerly, in Kings County, and Believed he Would Do for him as his 
own Child." 

Benoni Smith was a cousin by marriage, having married Ruth 
Pendleton. In a deed, Sarah Walker calls him ' 'my loving bro- 
ther, Benoni Smith." 

William' Avery was buried in the Old Plain burying-ground, 
in North Stonington. His tombstone is still standing and reads 
as follows: 

"In memory of Liev William Avery who died Febry ye 8 A. D. 1755 in ye 
62d year of his age. ' ' 

150 The Groton Avery Clan 

His son Daniel is buried near by. On the same lot are several un- 
decipherable gravestones. 

The widow, Sarah Avery, lived many years after the death of 
her husband. May 5, 1755, her step-children quitclaimed to her 
their rights in certain lands (Stonington Deeds, 6: 431.) Novem- 
ber 2, 1768, Oliver and Anne Babcock testified that 

"at the time we gave a deed of a certain tract of land lying in said Ston- 
ington to Capt. Amos Avery, late of said Stonington, deceased, that 
the said Amos promised that his mother, Mrs. Sarah Avery, should 
have the use & improvement of said land during her life, for the con- 
sideration that the said Sarah had paid to us about the one-half of the 
price of said land, & further say not." 

February 8, 1780, Sarah Avery of Stonington, in considera- 
tion of ten pounds, quit-claimed to Thomas Swan all of her right 
in a certain parcel of land that Amos Avery, late of Stonington, 
bought of Oliver and Anne Babcock. Sarah Avery testified that 
she had from Amos Avery a lease of this land for her natural life. 
The deed was not placed on record until April 16, 1792 {Stonington 
Deeds, 12, 321). This is the last mention that we have of 
Sarah (Walker) Avery. 

Children of William and Anne (Richardson) Avery, b. at 


i. WiLLlAM% b. Feb. 6, 1716; d. Feb. 15, 1716. 
Richardson", b. Jan. 25, 1718. 

William', bap. April 5, 1724, First Church of Stonington. 
Anne% b. April 5, 1721. 
JOHN% b. April 29, 1727. 

Children of William and Sarah (Walker) Avery, b. at Stoning- 

196. i. Amos% b. Jan. 30, 1732-3. 

ii. Christopher', b. April 1, 1734; bap. May 19, 1735, Second 
Church of Stonington; was in Major Robert Denison's com- 
pany, and was killed at Johnson's fight. Lake George, Sept. 
8, 1755 {French and Indian War Rolls, ] :10, and Avery's 
History of the United States and its People, 4 :86-89) ; unm. 

197. iii. Elias% b. July 5, 1736. 

iv. David', b. Oct. 30, 1738; bap. Nov. 5, 1738, Second Church 
of Stonington; d. Nov. 10, 1762, in the expedition to Havana 
(Avery's History of the United States and its People, 4:330) ; 

V, Daniel% b. Oct. 29, 1741; d. May 14, 1759; unm; buried in Old 
Plain burying-ground. 









The Fourth Generation 151 

vi. Benoni', b. Jan. 29, 1744; d. Nov. 7, 1762, in the expedition to 
Havana; unm. 

198. vii. Abigail', b. April 25, 1746. 

199. viii. James', b. Dec. 27, 1748; went to Liverpool, England, and be- 

came a ship carpenter (David Avery ms.). 

200. ix, Nathaniel', b. Aug. 28, 1751. 

201. X. Abraham ', b. May 20, 1754. 

40. Anne^ Avery {John\ James', Christopher') was bap. June 
19, 1692, First Church of New London; twin to WilHam (No. 39) 
{David Avery ms.) . She m. Sept. 6, 1711, at Groton, William 
Satterlee. David Avery says that he was the son of William Sat- 
terlee and of his wife who had been the widow Weeks of Long 
Island. Many of his descendants claim that he was the son of 
Benedict and Rebecca (Bemas) Satterlee. Rebecca Bemas m. 1st, 
Tobias Minter; 2d, John Dymond; 3d, Benedict Satterlee. 

Benedict Satterlee is said to have been a captain in the British 
navy. His father, the Rev. William Satterlee, M. A., Pembroke 
college, was vicar of St. Ides, near Exeter. William Satterlee 
was a farmer. His estate was inventoried Sept. 12, 1733, at New 
London. His widow m. 2d, Judge John Crary of Plainfield 
{David Avery ms.) who d. May 29, 1759, aged 74 years. The 
date of her death has not been found. 

Children of William and Anne (Avery) Satterlee: 
1. William', b. Nov. 7, 1712; m. Mary Powers of Stonington; d. March, 

1752, at Stonington. 
ii. Benedict', b. Aug. 10, 1714; m. 1st, Elizabeth, dau. of Judge John 
Crary of Plainfield; 2d, Rachel Park. He served as serg't in the 
French and Indian War, 1755, 1756; as 2d lieut., 1758; as 1st heut., 
1759 (French and Indian War Rolls, 1:15, 101 & 2:63, 69, 170 and 
Conn. Colonial Records, 11:98, 229). He was one of the first forty 
settlers of Wyoming, Penn., and was lieutenant of militia there. 
His son, Samuel, succeeded to that office, Dec. 5, 1772. 
iii. John', b. May 1, 1716; d. Aug. 23, 1758 in the campaign, on duty 

(French & Indian War Rolls, 2:64). 
iv. Anne% b. May 16, 1718; m. Sylvester Baldwin (David Avery ms.); 

d., s. p., Oct., 1754, at Stonington. 
v. Abigail', b. April 12, 1720; m. Nathan, s. of Capt. Zeptha Clark of 

Norwich (David Avery ms.). 
vi. Mary', b. June 6, 1722; m. Dr. Benjamin Blodget, s. of WilHam 

Blodget of Stonington; d. Aug. 26, 1754, at Stonington. 
vii. Rebecca', b. March 1, 1724; m. Wareham, s. of Isaac Williams; d. 

March 29, 1806, at Stonington. 
viii. Lucy', b. Jan. 6, 1725-6. 

152 The Groton Avery Clan 

ix. Elisha% m. Mary, dau. of Capt. James Geer of Stonington {David 

Avery vis.); d. Dec, 1785, at Stonington. 
X. Freelove', m. Samuel, s. of Capt. James Packer of Groton. 

xi. Gaton', moved to Rutland, Vermont {David Avery vis.). 

41. Elisha* Avery {John\ James', Christopher^) was bap. May 
9, 1697, First Church of New London; m. Nov. 3, 1714, at Stoning- 
ton, Elizabeth Babcock, dau. of Joseph and Dorothy (Key) Babcock. 
She was b. Jan. 29, 1698, at Stonington. He was a member of 

the First Church of Stonington, 
^cV^'f/ /n^ I y^ 1/ May 30, 1716 (C/2Mrc/i i?eco?-ds). 
r/^/y^n^X^ CA^l/^-Chy Eiisha Avery died July 14, 1726, 

^ -^ of a blow on the head accidentally 

given {Hempstead's Diary, p. 172) . 

Children of Elisha and Elizabeth (Babcock) Avery, b. at 
Stonington and bap. in the First Church there: 

202. i. Joseph Babcock% b. Dec. 19, 1715; bap. June 3, 1716. A Jos- 

eph Avery died abroad; in his will probated in the Prerogative 
Court, Canterbury, England, and noted in New London, in 
December, 1746, he was called of Bristol, Great Britain, but 
formerly of Stonington, Conn. {New London Probate Court 
Journal, 5:48). His will was dated March 13, 1744. In it he 
called himself a mariner. He left a suit of half mourning each 
to James Vincent and to Betty Stone, spinster; the rest of his 
estate, to his friend, Jane Day, who proved the will at Canter- 
bury, July 7, 1746 (A^. E. Hist, and Gen. Reg., Jan., 1908, p. 
93). We know that Joseph Babcock Avery died before the 
division of his brother's estate, March 10, 1752. 

203. ii. Elisha% b, March 30, 1717. 

204. iii. Abigail", b. July 26, 1720; m. 2d, William Avery (No. 193). 
iv. Samuel\ b. Dec. 8, 1723; d. before March 10, 1752. The estate 

of Samuel Avery, late of Stonington, was divided, March 10, 
1752, between Elisha and Abigail, the only surviving brother 
and sister {New London Probate Court Journal, 6:113). 

205. V. Elizabeth', b. March 25, 1725; m. Jacob Avery (No. 81); d. 

before March 10, 1752. 

42. Desire* Avery {John\ James', Christopher^) \Y3.shd.i).MsLy 
9, 1697, at the First Church of New London. David Avery says 
that she m. Jeremiah Burrows. Jeremiah Burrows, son of John 
and Hannah (Culver) Burrows, was bap. at the First Church of 
Stonington, June 22, 1690. Jeremiah Burrows spoke of his loving 
brother, Ens. John Avery, June 17, 1721 {Groton Deeds, 1:578). 
Ensign John Avery was the brother of Desire Avery. Jeremiah 

The Fourth Generation 153 

Burrows 's name is found in deeds as late as Jan. 17, 1739. No 
record of any children has been found. 

43. Daniel' Avery {John\ James', Christopher^) was bap. Nov. 
5, 1699, at the First Church of New London. David Avery says 
that he moved to Oyster Bay; that he left a son, Joseph, who lived 
at East Chester, and a son, Jordan, who lived at Rye. In book 4, 
page 93, of the Groton land records, is recorded a deed, dated Dec. 
26, 1732, and personally acknowledged before James Morgan, in 
which Daniel Avery of Oyster Bay, Queens County, New York, 
deeds all his right in a certain wood-lot to his loving brother, John 
Avery, of Groton, for ten pounds. 

Children of Daniel Avery: 

206. i. Joseph". 

207. ii. Jordan'. 

46. Mary' Avery {SamiieV, James' , Christopher') was b. Jan. 
10, 1695, at Groton; bap. March 5, 1695, at the First Church 
of New London ; m. June 16, 1720, at Groton, William Wals- 
worth, son of William and Mary (Seaton) Walsworth. He was 
b. Jan., 1694, at Fisher's Island. She d. May, 1739, at Gro- 
ton. He m. 2d, Sept. 23, 1742, Elizabeth Hinckley. His will 
was made Nov. 30, 1773; a codicil was added Dec. 2, 1773, at Gro- 
ton; it was probated June 14, 1774, at Stonington. It mentioned 
wife, Elizabeth; dau., Mary, wife of Solomon Morgan ; son, Nathan; 
son, Elijah; dau., Lucy, wife of Veach Williams; dau., Susannah 
Starke; sons, Amos, James, and Charles; dau., Eunice Smith. 
The last two children mentioned were by his second wife. 

Children of William and Mary (Avery) Walsworth, b. at Groton: 

i. Mary', b. Sept. 29, 1721; m. Solomon Morgan (No. 12, vii). 

ii. Nathan', b. Oct. 17, 1724; m. Amy Starke. 

iii. Susannah', b. Oct. 22, 1726; m. Obadiah Starke. 

iv. Amos', b. Jan. 30, 1728; m. Elizabeth Harris. 

V. Elizabeth', b. 1730; d. unm. 

vi. Lucy', b. Dec. 3, 1732; m. Veach Williams, son of Ebenezer and Mary 

(Veach) Williams; d. Aug. 10, 1795, at Lebanon, Conn. He was a 

captain in the Revolution, 
vii. James', b. Sept. 2, 1734; m. Eunice, dau. of Ichabod and Abigail 

(Eldridge) Packer (No. 34, i); d. 1795, at Rome, N. Y. 
viii. Abigail', b. Nov. 29, 1736. 
ix. Elijah', b. 1738; m. Desire, dau. of Ichabod and Abigail (Eldridge) 

Packer (No. 34, i). 

154 The Groton Avery Clan 

47. Christopher * Avery {SamueV, James', Christopher^) was 
b. Feb. 10, 1697, at Groton; bap. May 2, 1697, at First Church of 
New London; m. June 25, 1719, at Groton, Mary Latham, dau. of 
William and Hannah (Morgan) Latham. She was b. Feb. 18, 
1698-9, at Groton. 

Christopher^ Avery was an important man in the colony. 
He became town clerk after the death of his father and held 
the office over forty years, until his own death in 1768. April 
27, 1736, he was one of a committee to prepare a memorial to 
the general assembly asking for a more commodious ferry. 
In October, 1736, he and his brother, Humphrey, with others, 
petitioned against the officers chosen for the northeast com- 
pany of Groton. Among the reasons given for their objection 
were that some of the officers were young men; that some be- 

longed to the church of England ; that the church at Groton 
was having trouble about the church of England. The general 
assembly, however, confirmed the officers {Military Docs., 2:269). 
The general assembly commissioned him captain of the second 
company of the Groton train-band, 1735 ; lieutenant-colonel of 
the eighth militia, 1739, and colonel of the same regiment, 1746, 
(Conn. Col. Rec, 8:3, 280 & 9:256), succeeding Ebenezer Avery 
(No. 14) . In 1739, he was appointed on a committee to get ten 
good cannons, guns for a sloop, and gunpowder for New London, 
for coast defense; they were authorized to spend 1100 pounds for 
that purpose. In October, 1755, he was on a committee to get new 
carriages for the New London cannons; in March, 1756, he was 
one of the committee to receive and transport all warlike supplies 
to Lake George in the war against the French. We find the fol- 
lowing document relating to the campaign of 1757: 

Dr. of the Colony of Connecticut to Nathan Leonard Capt. of ye company 
under his command in Colol Christopher Avry's Ridgment for their 
sarvis at ye time of ye alarm for ye Reliefe of fort william Henry and 

The Fourth Generation 155 

places adjisent &c — August, 1757 {French and Indian War Rolls, 

He was equally prominent in other lines. He was deputy 
from Groton, 1736 to 1764 inclusive, and was speaker in 1751. He 
was justice of the peace from 1732 to 1768 and, during many of 
the terms, made one of the quorum. He was a member of the 
committee to audit the books of the colony in 1744 and 1746. He 
had some modern ideas concerning taxation for, in conjunction 
with his brother, Humphrey, and Christopher Avery of the North 
Parish, he petitioned the general assembly that the unimproved 
lands should be taxed. He was one of the first proprietors of the 
Susquehanna company, having become one in 1754. 

In his will, made Nov. 3, 1767, he mentioned wife, Margaret; 
son, William; dau., Deborah, wife of Jasper Latham; dau., Mar- 
garet, wife of David Lester; dau., Rebecca, wife of Nathan Lester; 
children of dau., Susannah, deceased, wife of Oliver Woodbridge, 
viz., Mary, Ebenezer, Christopher, and Oliver Woodbridge; grand- 
children, Lucy, Peter, and William Bulkley, children of dau., Lucy, 
deceased {Stonington Wills, 1:34). From this will it appears that 
he had a second wife who outlived him, but her name has not 
been recovered. 

The tombstones of Christopher Avery and his first wife are 
standing in the Starr cemetery, Groton. 

Mary, wife of Christopher Avery, died August 14, 1754, in the 56 year of 
her age. 

Christopher Avery, Esq. , Colonel of the 8th regiment of militia, departed 
this life, Jan'y 17, 1768, aged 71 years. 

Children of Christopher and Mary (Latham) Avery, b. at 

Samuel% b. March 1, 1720; d. Feb. 13, 1749; unm. 

LUCY% b. April 13, 1722. 

WlLLlAM% b. Nov. 25, 1724. 

Mary', b. Feb. 6, 1726; d. Aug. 22, 1727, at Groton. 

Susannah', b. Oct. 14, 1728. 

Deborah', b. June 5, 1731. 

Sarah% b. Feb. 28, 1733; "Sarah Avery, daughter of Christo- 
pher and Mary Avery, deceased August 2, 1759, aged 25" 
(Groton Records). 
viii. Hannah"', b. March 19, 1735; "Hannah Avery, daughter of 
Christopher and Mary Avery, deceased March 5, 1761, aged 25" 
(Groton Records). 












156 The Groton Avery Clan 

231. ix. Margaret', b. March 12, 1738. 

232. X. Rebecca", b. Dec. 24, 1741. 

xi. Mary", b. Nov. 1, 1744; d. Aug. 10, 1754, at Groton. 

48. Humphrey' Axery (Samuer, James', Christopher^) wash. 
July 4, 1699, at Groton; bap. Aug. 20, 1699, First Church of New 
London; m. Feb. 5, 1724, at Groton, Jerusha Morgan, dau. of 
WiHiam and Margaret (Avery) Morgan (No. 12). She was b. 
July 14, 1704, at Groton. Humphrey Avery was a freeman of 
Groton. In deeds given and received, he called himself a carpen- 
ter. He was justice of the peace for New London County, 1733, 
1737, 1740, 1742, and as such was ordered, with others, ' ' To per- 
ambulate the dividend boundary line" between Connecticut and 
Rhode Island and to set up the monuments. He was deputy from 
Groton from 1733 to 1735 inclusive, 1738, 1740, 1741, 1743 (Conn. 
Col. Rec., 7:403, 420, 424, 464, 482, 545 & 8 : 28, 81, 159. 188, 
224, 551). He was deacon, 1730; tythingman, 1730; lister, 1732; 
selectman, 1736. February 12, 1738, he was appointed to defend 
Groton' s rights at the ferry. May 5, 1741, he and Christopher 
Avery were members of a committee to collect money from the 
M ^ y y/ sale of western lands 

>^/-i^'^<^7^^^>^^^^^ 6^^nlU,M^^ belonging to the 

^ I was deputy from 

May 10. 1722. Prestou, to whlch 

place he had moved about 1745. He called himself of Preston, 
Feb. 4, 1750, at which time he sold land in a new township north 
of Wendellstown, Mass., to Bartholomew Arthur; Feb. 13, 1751, 
he sold land in the same township to John Maclewean; also to 
Daniel Lothrop and to Obadiah Gore {Spynngfield Deeds, U: 150, 
337 & X; 542, 544). He was one of the Susquehanna company. 
Wyoming Valley, on the Susquehanna River, was purchased by 
the Connecticut Susquehanna Company from the Six Nations in 
1754. In 1769, a body of forty Connecticut pioneers came to this 
region, but found the Pennsylvanians on the ground, the Indians 
having sold them the same tract the year before. From that time 
until the Revolution the conflicts between the two parties were 
numerous and bitter. Humphrey Avery and all of his sons owned 
shares in this company. 

Humphrey^ Avery bought a large tract of land in Winthrop's 
Patent, Long Island, stretching four miles along South Bay and 

The Fourth Generation 157 

extending seven miles back into the interior. Becoming involved 
in debt by fire and sickness, he procured the passage of an act by 
the New York legislature in 1756, authorizing him to dispose of 
his lands by lottery to pay his debts. The estate was appraised 
at £6.900. There were in the lottery 1,616 prizes to 6,384 blanks, 
making 8,000 tickets sold at 30 shillings each. There were 1,580 
cash prizes at £3 each; the land was cut into thirty-six parts, each 
of which was a land prize. The tract abounded in pine timber 
with a fine range for sheep and cattle; was divided by creeks into 
seven necks. Pine Neck, Swan Creek Neck, Pachoug Neck, Short 
Neck, Smith Neck, Tooker's Neck, and Blue Point Neck. It had 
on it four houses, a grist mill, and a saw mill. 

In 1762, Humphrey Avery bought of Col. John Henry Lydius 
one seventy-sixth part of township 16, at Otter Creek, where it 
empties itself into Lake Champlain. The price was one shilling 
in hand, and annually, for twenty years, one pepper corn; the im- 
provement of the land within the twenty years; and after that 
five shillings for each hundred acres of arable land to be paid to 
Lydius or his heirs or assigns annually forever. 

Humphrey Avery's wife died Sept. 20, 1763, at Groton. He 
married 2d, Martha Coil, dau. of the Rev. Joseph and Experience 
(Wheeler) Coit, b. about 1713. At the time of his second marriage 
he was living in Windham. He was one of the grantees of Chis- 
wick, 1764 (Netv Hampshire State Papers, vol. 25; 260). His wife 
becam.e a member of the Separatist Church of Preston, April 13. 

Humphrey" Avery, in his will, dated Nov. 17, 1768, mentioned 
wife, Martha; his son Christopher, who was to pay to each of the 
other children five York shillings, and receive the estate which 
was large. Among other lands, the estate included land lying in 
the colony of Connecticut; the Otter Creek patent near Lake 
Champlain; "at the Susquehannah;" "at Delaware;" "at Lacka- 
wack;" "inevery part of the Nova Scotia;" "in the Ohio Country;" 
and "in any part of North America that belongs to me." His 
son, Palmes, of weak mind, was to be cared for by Christopher. 
Humphrey Avery died March 28, 1788, at Groton; his will was 
proved at Norwich, May 20, 1788 (Norwich Wills, 6; 245). 

Children of Humphrey and Jerusha (Morgan) Avery, all ex- 
cepting Nathan, b. at Groton; 

233. i. Humphrey', b. March 10, 1725. 




















158 The Groton Avery Clan 

William , b. Sept. 13, 1726. 

Solomon", b. July 17, 1728; d. Aug., 1728. 

Solomon', b. June 17, 1729. 

Samuel% b. Oct. 17, 1731. 

James% b. Aug. 13, 1733. 

Jerusha', b. June 7, 1735; m. Latham Avery (No. 273). 

Palmes% b. April 3, 1737; d. after 1795; unm. 

Christopher', b. May 3, 1739. 

Waightstill', b. May 10, 1741. 

ISAAC\ b. Oct. 27, 1743. 

Nathan', b. Nov. 20, 1746, at Preston; d. July, 1747, 

50. Lucy' Avery, (Samuer, James', Christopher^) wasb. April 
17, 1703; bap. Sept. 5, 1703, First Church of New London. She 
deeded land in Groton, June 6, 1721. 

51. Waitstiir Avery, (Samuer, James', Christopher^) was b. 
March 27, 1708, at Groton; m. Sept. 18, 1729, at Groton, Deborah 
Williams, dau. of Richard and Sarah Williams. She d. March 
15, 1729-30, at Groton. In his will, made June 29, 1733, Richard 
Williams mentioned wife, Sarah, and his son, Waitstill Avery 
(Netv London Wills, 0:678). Waitstill Avery m. 2d, Dec, 1730, 
Margaret Childs. 

Waitstill Avery, joiner, deeded to his brother, Christopher, 
land that he inherited from his brother, Samuel, Sept. 10, 1729 
(Groton Deeds, 2:438). In the record of the baptism of his daugh- 
ter, Mary, he is called of the North Society. He d. before Nov. 
7, 1737, when the inventory of his estate was taken at New Lon- 
don. November 8, 1737, his widow gave bond, with Edward Her- 
rick, for two hundred pounds for the proper administration of his 
estate (New London Wills, D: 299). December 9, 1737, she m. 
Edward Herrick; they lived in the part of Preston now called 
Griswold. They had a large family of children. Edward Herrick 
had previously m. Mary Denison, dau. of William and Mary 
(Avery) Denison (No. 35, ii). 

Children of Waitstill and Margaret (Childs) Avery, b. at Gro- 

250. i. Charles% b. Oct. 22, 1731. 

251. ii. Mary% b. Nov. 6, 1733; bap. June 9, 1734, First Church of Groton. 



53. James Avery (Ja?7ies\ James\ James', Christopher^) was 
b. May 27, 1697, at Groton ; bap. Aug. 29, 1697, First Church of 
of New London; m. Dec. 13, 1719, at Groton, Elizabeth Smith, 
dau. of Nehemiah and Dorothy (Wheeler) Smith. She was b. 
Nov. 17, 1700, at Groton. He was tythingman, 1730; constable, 
1733; justice of the peace from 1736 to 1741; deputy to the gen- 

^ r) eral court, 1736, 1737; 

/a.r^ ^Of%^ f: r "ofthrtstlm: 

C^''^ tary company of Gro_ 

ton, Oct., 1738 {Conn. Col. Rec, 8: 195). His commission, signed 
by Gov. Talcott, is in the possession of the family. He was a 
member of the school committee, 1745; deacon of the First 
Church of Groton, 1748. In his will, dated April 30, 1759, he men_ 
tioned wife, Elizabeth; sons, James, David, Peter, John, and 
Aaron, to each of whom he gave a farm, and among whom he di- 
vided his swords and arms, giving to James his "Silvered Helted 
Swoard;" daus., Elizabeth Starr, Prudence Avery, and Hannah 
Avery {Neiv London Wills, G:367). He died May 2, 1759, at 
Groton; his wife died April 17, 1761, at Groton. 

Children of James and Elizabeth (Smith) Avery, b. at Groton: 

James% b. July 27, 1724. 

Elizabeth", b. Jan. 13, 1725-6. 

David' , b. Feb. 11, 1728. 

Peter", b. Feb. 22, 1730. 

Prudence", b. March 16, 1732; m. 2d, Elijah Avery (No. 266). 

Hannah", b. Dec. 15, 1735; d. May 27, 1822, at Groton; unm. 

John", b. Jan. 24, 1738. 

Aaron", b. Jan, 16, 1741; served in Hubbard Burrows's com- 
pany of militia {Conn. Men in the Revolution, p. 451); d. 
March 10, 1777, at Groton; unm. 

54. John" Avery (James\ James\ James', Christopher^) was 
b. Feb. 4, 1700, at Groton; bap. May 26, 1700, First Church of 















160 The Groton Avery Clan 

New London, "in right of his mother," his father having signed 
the remonstrance (p. 87) ; m. Elizabeth Morgan, dau. of William 
and Margaret (Avery) Morgan (No. 12). She was b. July 10, 
1710, at Groton; she d. May 18, 1749, at Groton. John Avery m. 
2d, Mary Dennis. 

"Mr. John Avery jr. and Miss Mary Dennis of Stonington were married 
June 13, 1751, by Nath. Eells, minister of the gospel" {Groton Records, 

She was the daughter of Ebenezer and Sarah (Hough) Den- 
nis, and was b, April 5, 1713, at New London. Mr. Sweet's sup- 
position that the John Avery who married Mary Dennis had, for 
his second wife, Anne Miner (No. 195) is not correct. John 
Avery (No. 195) who married Anne Miner lived many years and 
left a large family; according to the Groton records, the John 
Avery who married Mary Dennis d. July 11, 1759; this John 
Avery, the son of James (No. 11) did die at that time. The 
David Avery ms. and the New London probate records confirm 
this statement; the descendants of the other John Avery (No. 
195) disclaim any Mary Dennis. 

John' Avery was several times selectman of Groton and 
several times surveyor. January 8, 1751, he was made guardian 
of his children, Elijah, Amos, and Caleb, who inherited property 
through their mother {New London Court Journal, 6:100). He 
died July 11, 1759, at Groton. March 1, 1760, his estate was di- 
vided among his heirs — the widow, Mary Avery, receiving her 
right in the homestead farm; Elijah, her "son-in-law," "the 
oldest son of John Avery, deceased," a part of the homestead 
farm; Amos Avery, second son, a share; Mary Avery, only 
daughter, a share; Jabez Avery, minor, third son, a share {Neiv 
London Court Journal). Mary (Dennis) Avery was made 
guardian of Mary and Jabez Avery, children of John Avery, late 
of Groton, Sept. 11, 1759. Jabez Avery, son of John Avery, late 
of Groton, aged 16, chose Ebenezer Witter for his guardian. May 
1, 1772. Mrs. Mary (Dennis) Avery m. 2d, Joseph Witter of Pres- 
ton, Nov. 6, 1760 {Preston Reco7'ds) . 

Children of John and Elizabeth (Morgan) Avery, bap. First 

Church of Groton: 

i. John", bap. April 15, 1731; died young, 
ii. Griswold", bap. July 30, 1732; d. before 1750. 
266. iii. Elijah", bap. Sept. 15, 1734. 

The Fifth Generation 161 

iv. John", bap. Aug. 21, 1737; d. before 1750. 

V. Caleb", bap. April 13, 1740; d. between 1756 and 1760. 

267. vi. Amos", bap. March 6, 1743. 

Children of John and Mary (Dennis) Avery, b. at Groton: 

268. i. Mary", b. June 21, 1753; m. Jonas Avery (No. 326) ; m. 2d, Sam- 

uel Avery (No. 560). 
ii. Jabez", b. Aug. 12, 1756; d. before March 26, 1777, when his 
sister, Mary Avery, administered his estate; he d. unm., 
and his estate was divided among his brothers, Elijah and 
Amos, and his sister, Mary, except "his right in the thirds 
of the lands and buildings of his father's estate, set off to 
his mother, Mrs. Witter of Preston" {Stonington Wills, 3: 

55. Ebenezer' Avery (James^, James\ James', Christopher^) 
was b. March 29, 1704, at Groton; bap. July 9, 1704, First Church 
of New London; m. Jan. 16, 1726, at Groton, Lucy Latham, dau. 
of William and Hannah (Morgan) Latham. She was b. May 21, 
1709, at Groton. Her father gave her a negro girl, Phebe, to be 
a "perpetual slave to her forever" {Groton Deeds, 3: 5). Ebe- 
nezer' Avery was juryman, 1736; constable, 1737; selectman, 
1744, 1748 to 1753 inclusive; moderator, 1744, 1753. He was com- 
missioned ensign of the first Groton company, May, 1741 ; lieuten- 
ant, Oct., 1748; captain, May, 1749; major of the eighth regi- 
ment. May, 1768; lieutenant-colonel, Oct. 1770, succeeding Chris- 
topher Avery (No. 47); resigned command of the regiment, 
Oct. 1776, being too old to leave the state on active service 
(Conn. Col. Rec., 8: 369 & 9: 389, 424 & 13: 9, 372). He was 
deputy to the general court many times, 1746, 1748, 1750, 1752, 
1754, 1763, 1764, 1768 {Conn. Col. Rec., 9: 238, 261, 384, 546 & 
10: 120, 241 & 12: 189, 231, 295 & 13:3). He was justice of 
the peace from May, 1754, to May, 1759, inclusive, and from 
May, 1762, to May, 1772, inclusive. He owned a large tract 
of land in South Groton adjoining that of his father. He was 
one of the grantees of Stowe, New Hampshire, 1763. He served 
on many important committees connected with the First Church 
of Groton, being often chosen moderator of the church meetings. 
Year after year, he was one of the "Society's Committee." 
He was chosen deacon, Aug. 2, 1759, succeeding his deceased 
brother, James. When the new meeting-house was built 1771, 
"Col. Ebenezer Avery" was given pew No. 1, on the east side 
of the broad alley, for which he paid seven pounds. 

162 The Groton Avery Clan 

His first wife died May 2, 1758, at Groton. He m. 2d, Nov. 
21, 1759, at New London, Mrs. Rachel Denison, dau. of Thomas 
and Mary (Morgan) Starr, and widow of Daniel Denison. She 
was b. Sept. 15, 1705. Two of her children, Daniel and Phebe 
Denison, m. two of the children of her second husband, Ebenezer 
Avery. Ebenezer' Avery d. July 11, 1780, at Groton. 

Groton, July 25, 1780. 

Mr. Green, 

Please to give the following a place in your next paper: 

On Tuesday the 11th Instant departed this Life, Col. Ebenezer Avery, in 
the 77th year of his Age. A Gentleman possessed of a sensible and 
judicious Mind which furnished him for uncommon Usefullness in his 
Day and early introduced him to public Employment. For many years 
he served the Town in various Capacities, frequently representing it to 
the general Assembly, from which he received a Commission for the 
Peace, which he used to suppress Vice, and promote Peace and good 
Order. His Genius so peculiarly fitted him for the Service of his 
Country, that he was employed in Military Offices 'till he was honored 
with the Rank of Colonel of the Regiment to which he belonged; all of 
which he filled up with Integrity and Honor; his Wisdom, Fidelity and 
Generosity procuring him universal Veneration and Esteem. Yet he 
excelled in the devout and religious Life, being a faithful Servant of 
God, a cordial Friend of Christ and Mankind and honoring Religion. 

From the New London Gazette, Friday, Aug. 4, 1780. 

Printed by Timothy Green, near the Court House. 

Ebenezer  Avery, in his will made Feb. 22, 1775, mentioned 
sons, Ebenezer, Latham, Griswold, Elihu; daus., Hannah Parke, 
Lucy Colfax, Mary Billings, Katharine Denison, Deborah Avery, 
Rachel Eldridge (Stonington Wills, 3: 225). His second wife d. 
Feb. 4, 1791, at Groton. 

Children of Ebenezer and Lucy (Latham) Avery, b. at 

Hannah", b. Jan. 10, 1727. 

Lucy", b. Jan. 27, 1729. 

Mary% b. Nov. 30, 1730. 

Ebenezer", b. March 7, 1732. 

Latham", b. April 15, 1735. 

Katherine", b. June 9, 1737. 

Griswold , b. Sept. 15, 1739. 

Deborah", b. Feb. 1, 1742; m. Daniel Avery (No. 99). 

Rachel", b. Sept. 8, 1745. 

Elizabeth", b. Jan. 22, 1747; d. Oct. 15, 1765. 

Abigail", b. Feb. 24, 1752; d. Oct. 13, 1753. 

Elihu", b. April 6, 1755. 























The Fifth Generation 163 

57. Hannah' Avery {James', James', James', Christopher^) 
was b. April 7, 1712, at Groton; m. May 22, 1734, the Rev. 
Theophilus Hall, son of Samuel and Love (Royce) Hall of Wall- 
ingford, Conn. He was b. April, 1707, at Wallingford. He was 
of Yale College, 1727; ordained at Meriden, Conn., 1729; minister 
of that place for thirty-seven years. 

Several Hannah Averys have been mentioned as the wife of 
the Rev. Theophilus Hall but that it was this Hannah is proved by 
the following: 

James Avery (No. 11), in his will dated March 28, 1749, men- 
tioned his daughter, Hannah Hall {New London Wills, F:535). 

Joshua Hempstead, in his diary (p. 613), has the following 
notice under date of Aug. 15, 1753: 

' ' 2 young woemen Died 1 belonging to Colchester Named Sarah Church 
and ye other to Wallingford Daughter of the Revd Mr. Hall & Grand- 
daughter of Capt James Avery of Groton." 

This, the oldest daughter of Theophilus and Hannah (Avery) 
Hall, was buried in the "Ancientiest burying-ground" of New 
London. Theophilus Hall died March 25, 1767, at Meriden, Conn. 
Children of Theophilus and Hannah (Avery) Hall, b. at Mer- 

i. Hannah", b. March 11, 1735; d. Aug. 15, 1753, at Meriden; unm. 

ii. Theophilus", b. Aug. 5, 1736; d. May 9, 1739, at Meriden. 

iii. Avery", b. Dec. 2, 1737; Yale, 1759; minister in Rochester, N. H., 

1766 to 1775; signed the "Association Test" in Rochester, 1776; 

selectman of Wakefield, N. H., 1779, 1781, 1785; justice of the peace 

for Stafford County, 1786; d. 1820. 
iv. Samuel", b. July 16, 1739; m. Eunice Lee. 
V. Theophilus", b. Aug. 26, 1741; m. Elizabeth Couch; served in Capt. 

Wales's company, 1777 (Conn. Men in the Revolution, p. 508) ; d. 

May 17, 1804, at Meriden. 
vi. Lucy", twin to Theophilus. 
vii. Mary", b. June 24, 1743. 
viii. Elisha", d. young. 

ix. Elisha", b. March 3, 1745; m. Ann Hopkins; d. March 13, 1779. 
X. Mehitabel", b. 1751; d. Sept. 11, 1767, at Meriden, 

58. Joanna' Avery {Edtvard*, James', James', Christopher^) 
was b. Nov. 21, 1700, at Groton; m. Feb. 13, 1724, at Groton, 
Mark Stoddard, s. of Ralph and Mary (Ames) Stoddard. He was 
b. Feb. 11, 1702, at Groton. He was a farmer. He d. Jan. 27, 
1725, at Groton. She m. 2d, 1726, Joshua Allen, s. of John and 

164 The Groton Avery Clan 

Anne Allen. The marriage record appears on the New London 
church book between Jan. and March, 1726, but neither day nor 
month is given. He was b. Feb. 14, 1703, at Groton. He was 
bap. with his oldest child, at First Church of Groton, Feb. 11, 

In his will, dated 1751, Edward^ Avery, father of Joanna, men- 
tioned granddaughters, Joanna Allyn and Hannah Allyn, but did 
not mention his granddaughter, Mary Stoddard. 

Children of Mark and Joanna (Avery) Stoddard, b. at Groton: 

i. Mary% b. Aug. 4, 1725. May 2, 1728, in the distribution of the estate 
of Mark Stoddard, Mary was called the only child. Dec. 10, 1734, 
Edward Avery was made guardian of Mary, only child of Mark 
Stoddard, deceased (Netv London Wills, C). April 6, 1747, Mary 
Stoddard, only surviving child of Mark Stoddard, deceased, sold a 
parcel of land that came to her from her father {Groton Deeds, 

Children of Joshua and Joanna (Avery) Allen, b. at Groton: 

i. Joanna', bap. Feb. 11, 1727, First Church of Groton; m. Thomas 

Fatton, Oct. 9, 1753. 
ii. Hannah% m. Needham; receipts under that name for her part 

in her grandfather's estate "as aterne for my husband," but his 

name is not given {Neiv London Wills, G:370) . 
iii. Lucy", bap. March 4, 1734, First Church of Groton; not mentioned in 

her grandfather's will. 

59. Deborah ' Avery {Edward\ James', James", Christopher^) 
was b. May 6, 1706, at Groton; m. Feb. 17, 1726-7, at Groton, 
Nathan Williams, s. of John and Martha (Wheeler) Williams. 
He was b. Dec. 11, 1698, at Stonington; date of death unknown. 
She d. May 8, 1732, at Groton. 

Children of Nathan and Deborah (Avery) Williams, b. at 

i. Sarah", b. Dec. 29, 1729; m. Amos Chapman; d. May, 1779, at Led- 

yard; Amos Chapman receipts with his wife, Sarah, for a share in 

Edward Avery's estate, 
ii. Deborah", b. Feb. 14, 1731-2; m. Stoddard; receipts alone for 

her share of her grandfather's estate, husband probably dead; she 

d. April, 1804, at Groton. 

60. Theophilus Avery (Edward*, James\ James\ Christo- 
pher') was b. Sept. 6, 1708, at Groton; m. July 16, 1733, at Groton, 
Elizabeth Billings, dau. of William and Hannah (Sterry) Billings. 

The Fifth Generation 165 

She was b. Jan. 5, 1713, at Preston. William Billings of Preston, in 
a will made June 4, 1737, mentioned his daughter, Elizabeth Avery 
(New London Wills, D:335). Theophilus' Avery was ensign of 
the second Groton company, 1746; lieutenant, 1749 {Conn. Col. 
Rec, 9:242, 419). He was tythingman, 1740; surveyor, 1760; a 
member of the town committee to supply the soldiers with cloth- 
ing, 1777, 1778 {Groton Toivn Minutes). He was a farmer and 
lived and died in the part of Groton now called Ledyard; his wife 
died there, Aug. 25, 1791; he d. Sept. 30, 1799. His will, made 
June 2, 1798, was proved Oct. , 1799, at Stonington. He mentioned 
sons, Theophilus and James; daus., Deborah Parke, Abigail Leon- 
ard, and Elizabeth Williams; grandchildren, Benjamin Brewster, 
Samuel Avery, Ichabod Avery, Erastus Avery {Stonington Wills, 

Children of Theophilus and Elizabeth (Billings) Avery, b. at 

Elizabeth", b. Dec. 22, 1733. 

Deborah", b. May 27, 1735. 

James", b. Feb. 28, 1737. 

Content", b. Jan. 24, 1739; d. Nov. 16, 1760, at Groton. 

Desire", b. May 15, 1741; d. April 16, 1748, at Groton. 

Edward", b. Dec. 23, 1743; d. 1764, at sea; unm. 

William", b. May 7, 1746; d. Jan. 28, 1773, at Gaudaloupe; 
viii. Abigail", b. Oct. 11, 1748, 

Sarah", b. Dec. 2, 1750. 

Theophilus", b. June 22, 1753. 

62. Gideon" Avery {Edward"^, James", James', Christopher^) 
was b. June 1, 1715, at Groton; m. Nov. 9, 1752, New North 
Church of Boston, Mehitabel Harper, probably daughter of Ed- 
ward and Mehitabel (Wood) Harper, of Boston. Gideon" Avery 
was a mariner and did not return from a voyage taken in 1763, 
His estate was settled by his widow and John Lambert, of Boston. 
December 5, 1765, the widow, Mehitabel Avery, m. John Lambert, 
by whom she had a large family. She probably died Nov. 28, 
1796, at Boston. From the will of Edward Avery, father of 
Gideon, it might be inferred that Gideon Avery had a daughter, 
Mary. If so, Gideon must have been married before. 

Child of Gideon Avery: 

288. i. Mary", (?). 

















166 The Groton Avery Clan 

Children of Gideon and Mehitabel (Harper) Avery: 

289. i. Rebecca", bap. Sept. 23, 1753, New North Church of Boston. 

290. ii. GlDEON% bap. Feb. 22, 1756, New North Church of Boston. A 

Gideon Avery (possibly this one) was in Col. Richard Grid- 
ley's artillery, Jan. 13, 1776; seaman on the brigantine 
"Massachusetts," Jan. 20, 1777; was one of the prisoners 
set ashore at Sheepscott, from the British ship, "Rain- 
bow," Sept. 12, 1777 (Mass. Soldiers and Sailors in the 
Revolution, 1 : 366) . 

63. Hannah' Avery {EdwarcV, James', James', Christopher^) 
was b. July 30, 1717, at Groton; m. July 9, 1740, at Groton, her 
cousin, Thomas Pelton, s. of Henry and Mary (Rose) Pelton. He 
was b. July 22, 1717, at Groton. He was a farmer; deacon and 
elder in Elder Avery's Baptist church; sergeant of the second 
Groton company, 1749. He and his wife moved to Mount Hope, 
N. Y., where hed. in 1807; she d. in 1809. 

Children of Thomas and Hannah (Avery) Pelton, b. at Led- 

i. Henry", b. July 2, 1742. 

ii. RoswELL", b. April 4, 1744; d. 1763, at Groton. 

iii. Hannah', b. May 7, 1746; m. Benjamin Kinsman. 

iv. Gideon", b. Feb. 23, 1748; m. Margaret Crawford; a soldier of the 

Revolution; in battle of Fort Montgomery, near West Point; second 

reg't, Ulster County mihtia {N. Y. Men in the Revohition, p. 193); 

d. March, 1824, at Montgomery, N. Y. 
V. Elkanah% b. Dec. 14, 1749; d. 1752. 
vi. JoHN% b. Aug. 26, 1751; d. 1752. 
vii. Simeon'', b. Sept. 18, 1753; d. 1771. 
viii. Amos% b. July 15, 1755; d. 1756. 

ix. RuFUS", b. April 22, 1757; m. Ann ; d. before 1808, at Groton. 

X. Peleg% b. Aug. 9, 1759; m. Anna Stoddard ; fifer in Capt. Hewet's 

CO. of militia at Saratoga, 1777 {Conn. Men in the Rev'n, p. 504); 

d. Jan. 27, 1829, at Mount Hope, N. Y. 
xi. Wealthy', b. May 5, 1761; m. WiUiam Holdridge. 

64. Ichabod' Avery (Edivard*, James\ James', Christopher^) 
was b. May 7, 1719, at Groton; m. Mary Forsythe, dau. of James 
and Hannah (Lester) Forsythe, of Groton. She was b. April 28, 
1722, at Groton. Ichabod' Avery d. before June 16, 1751, at 
which time his widow m. John Bishop. 

Child of Ichabod and Mary (Forsythe) Avery: 

291. i. Eunice", mentioned in her grandfather's will. 

The Fifth Generation 167 

65. Asa Avery {Edwm^d\ James', James\ Christopher^') was 
b. July 21, 1721, at Groton; m. Dec. 22, 1742, at Groton, Lucretia 
Williams, dau. of David and Experience (Bailey) Williams. She 
was b. Nov. 29, 1723, at Groton. In his will, made Feb. 3, 1762, 
David Williams mentioned wife. Experience, and dau., Lucretia 
Avery (Neiu London Wills, H:238). Asa' Avery was lister, 1745; 
grand juryman, 1748; surveyor, 1755, 1762. He was commissioned 
captain of the fifth company of the eighth regiment, Oct. , 1765 
{Conn. Col. Rec, 12, 416). During the Revolutionary war, he was 
several times on a committee to procure clothing and other sup- 
plies for the soldiers (Selectmen's Minutes, Ch^oton). In his will, 
made Sept. 19, 1789, and proved Oct. 21, 1789, he mentioned wife, 
Lucretia ; sons, Benajah, Daniel, David ; daughters, Zipporah 
Bailey, Esther Swan, and Mary Wightman (Stonington Wills, 
4:168). He d. Sept. 27, 1789, at Groton; she d. March 15, 1790, 
at Groton; they are buried in the Edward Avery burying-ground, 
at Ledyard. 

Children of Asa and Lucretia (Williams) Avery, b. at Groton: 

292. i. Benajah% b. Dec. 15, 1743. 

293. ii. Zipporah", b. May 22, 1746. 

iii. Lucretia", b. Oct. 29, 1748; d. May 6, 1751, at Groton. 

iv. Eunice", b. Nov. 17, 1750; d. Jan. 12, 1752, at Groton. 

V. Asa", b. Nov. 21, 1752; d. Jan. 4, 1753, at Groton. 

vi. Asa", b. Jan. 21, 1754; d. Aug. 24, 1754, at Groton. 

294. vii. Esther,,, b. Feb. 4, 1756. 

295. viii. Daniel,, b. Feb. 25, 1758. 

296. ix. Mary", b. April 6, 1760. 

297. X. David", b. Sept. 5, 1762. 

xi. Edward", b. Dec. 13, 1764; served in Revolutionary war in 
Capt. Hungerford's co. of militia, Nov., 1780- J an. 1781; on a 
tour of duty in New London Co. {Conn. Men in Rev., p. 580) ; 
d. May 28, 1786; unm. 

66. Mary' Avery {Edivard*, James\ James'', Christopher^) 
was b. Nov. 3, 1723, at Groton; m. Aug. 20, 1743, at Groton, Paul 
Pelton, s. of Henry and Mary (Rose) Pelton and brother of 
Thomas Pelton who m. his wife's sister, Hannah. Paul Pelton 
was b. May 14, 1720, at Groton, He was living at Groton in 1770. 

Children of Paul and Mary (Avery) Pelton, b. at Groton: 

i. Prudence", b. Aug. 2, 1744. 
ii. Eunice", b. Nov. 24, 1745. 
iii. Lucy", b. Oct. 1, 1747. 

168 The Groton Avery Clan 

iv. Mary% b. Oct. 23, 1749. 
V. Samuel", b. Aug. 20, 1751. 
vi. Paul", b. Feb. 10, 1754. 
vii. Hannah", b. May 6, 1756. 
viii. EUNICE% b. Sept. 15, 1758. 

67. Parke' Avery (Ebenezer*, James\ James', Christopher^) 
was b. Dec. 9, 1710, at Groton; m. Mary Latham. She was prob- 
ably the dau. of Jasper and Abigail Latham. Jasper Latham, in 
a will dated Aug. 15, 1749, mentioned wife, Abigail; son, Jasper; 
dau., Mary Avery, with other children {Netu London Wills). 
Parke' Avery was called "Elder," because he separated from the 
"standing order" and preached every Sunday to the people of 
Groton in the "great room" in the Hive of the Averys. This 
room had been a part of the New London church building in 
which Pastor Blinman had held forth more than a hundred years 
before. He was one of the committee of inspection in 1775 to 
represent to the general court the necessity of fortifying Groton 
heights. As a result Fort Griswold was built. 

July 3, 1776, "An account of Ebr Ledyard, Esq. and Mr. Park Avery, a 
committee who built the fort at Groton, laid in, examined and adjusted, 
and allowed therein the sum of £265 7s. 9d. in discharge thereof and 
voted that an order be drawn for that sum" {Conn. Col. Rec, 15:462). 

He was deputy to the general court in 1776, during the long and 
anxious session that began with the approval of the declaration of 
independence and enacted laws for the protection of our interests 
{Conn. State Rec., 1:2, 61, 90). He was moderator of the town 
of Groton, 1780, 1781. He was too old to take the field in defense 
of his country, but he sent his six sons, two of whom died in 
battle. In 1779, he and his son, Parke, were both on a committee 
"to attend to the business of inoculation. " He was constable and 
surveyor for Groton, 1748. 

His wife, Mary, died June 11, 1773, at Groton. He m. 2d, 
Grace Denison, as the following record shows: 

"Parke Avery of Groton and Grace Denison, daughter of Witherell Den- 
ison, in the house where Jno. Prentiss lived, Dec. 10, 1778, mar, by me 
— Joshua Hempstead" {Groton Records). 

She was b. May 8, 1728, at New London; dau. of Wetherell and 
Lydia (Moore) Denison. In his will, dated May 2, 1797, proved 
May 22, 1797, Parke Avery mentioned wife, Grace; sons, Parke, 
Ebenezer, Stephen, Simeon; grandsons, Cyrus and Jasper, sons of 


















The Fifth Generation 169 

son, Jasper, * Vho gave his life for his country;" daus., Abigail 
Niles, Dorothy Morgan, Eunice Morgan; granddaughter, "Eliza- 
beth Avery, v^ho lives with me" {Stonington Wills, 6:125). He 
d. May 4, 1797, at Groton; she d. Aug. 13, 1809, at Groton. 

Children of Parke and Mary (Latham) Avery, b. at Groton: 

Abigail", bap. May 15, 1737, First Church of Groton. 

Dorothy", bap. Aug. 26, 1739, First Church of Groton. 

Parke", bap. May 3, 1741, First Church of Groton. 

Jasper", bap. Oct. 21, 1744, First Church of Preston. 

Ebenezer". bap. Aug. 17, 1746, First Church of Preston. 

Eunice", bap. Nov. 13, 1748, First Church of Groton. 

Stephen", b. May 10, 1751. 

Simeon", b. Oct. 20, 1753. 

Elisha", private in Capt. Abel Spicer's company, May to Dec, 
1775; killed at Fort Griswold, Sept. 6, 1781; captain (Conn. Men in 
Rev'n, 78:577); unm. 

68. Mary' Avery (Ebenezer*, James\ James', Christopher^) 
was b. Feb. 17, 1713, at Groton; m. Deacon Jonathan Latham, s. 

of William and Hannah (Morgan) Latham. He was b. Sept. 28, 
1716, at Groton. He was commissioned ensign, first company, 
eighth regiment, Groton, Oct., 1754 {Conn. Col. Rec., 10:316). 

Jonathan and Mary Latham, Joseph and Dorothy Morgan, 
Jabez and Amy Smith, deeded, March 18, 1745, to Ebenezer Avery, 
land that came to them from Capt. John Park, their grandfather 
{Preston Deeds, 6:54). In his will, made Oct. 29, 1796, Jonathan 
Latham mentioned wife, Mary; granddaughter. Experience, dau. 
of son, James, deceased; grandsons, Ebenezer and Jonathan, sons 
of son, Jonathan, deceased; widow of son, Jonathan, as long as 
she remains his widow; daughter-in-law, Eunice Latham {Ston- 
ington Wills, 6:106). He d. Dec. 22, 1796; she d. Sept. 2, 1799, 
both at Groton; their tombstones are standing in the cemetery at 

Children of Jonathan and Mary (Avery) Latham, bap. at 
First Church of Groton : 

1. Mary", bap. March 18, 1739; m. Ebenezer Ledyard. 
ii. William", bap. May 10, 1741; m. Eunice Forsythe; was ensign, 10th 
CO., 6th reg't, 1775; 2d lieut., 1776; capt., 1780; wounded at Fort 
Griswold {Conn. Men in the Rev'n, pp. 78, 558, 578, 617) ; d. Jan. 
27, 1792. 
iii. Ebenezer Avery", bap. Dec. 18, 1743; lost at sea, mate to a brig at 
West Indies. 


The Groton Avery Clan 

iv. Jonathan", bap. June 29, 1746; m. Lucy Niles; will made June 3, 

1790; proved Oct. 4, 1790. 
V. James", bap. July 2, 1749; m. Lucy Turner; d. before 1796. 
vi. David", bap. Nov. 17, 1751; lived in France; d. unm. 
vii. GlLES% bap. Aug., 1755; m. Betsy Coleman; mariner; d. July 4, 

1788; buried in Ledyard cemetery, Groton; wid. m. 2d, Ebenezer 

Avery (No. 302). 

69. Dorothy" Avery (Ebenezer \ James", James-, Christopher^) 
was b. Jan. 10, 1716, at Groton; m. Dec. 4, 1735, at Groton, 
Joseph Morgan, s. of William and Margaret (Avery) Morgan (No. 
12) . He was b. Aug. 10, 1706, at Groton. He was commissioned 
ensign, 1744; lieutenant, 1746; captain, 1749 {Conn, Col. Rec, 
9:47, 242, 419). As captain of the mihtia company of Groton, he 

marched to the relief 
of Fort William Henry, 
August, 1756 ; was in 
the campaign of 1757 
{French and Indian 
War Rolls, 1:197). So 
many members of the 
clan mentioned in this 
chapter took part in 
these campaigns of 
1756 and 1757 that it 
seems desirable to re- 
fer the reader of these 
pages to Avery's His- 
tory of the United States 
and Rs People, volume 
4, chapters 6 and 7, for 
an account of these 
martial doings. 

In his will, made Nov. 
25, 1785, Joseph Mor- 
gan mentioned wife, 
Dorothy; son, Joseph; 
grandson, Joseph Mor- 
gan ; granddaughters, 
Susannah Allyn and 

Map of the Country between Crown Point and Fort Edward- pT.ii(Jpvi/2P M O r 2" a n ' 

The Fifth Generation 171 

g-randchildren, Dorothy, William, Mary, and Avery Morgan; dau., 
Elizabeth Allyn; dau., Dorothy Lester; dau., Margaret, wife of 
William Chadsey (Stonington Wills, 4:15). In her will, made 
Jan. 7, 1788, she mentioned dau., Dorothy Lester; Elizabeth, wife 
of Amos Allen; dau., Margaret Chadsey; son, Joseph Morgan; 
his daughters, Susannah Allyn and Prudence Morgan; great- 
grandson. Simeon, son of grandson, Joseph Morgan ; grand- 
daughter, Mary Morgan Allyn, dau. of daughter, Elizabeth Allyn; 
grandsons, William and Avery Allyn; granddaughters, Dorothy 
and Polly Allyn, daughters to my daughter, Mary Allyn, deceased 
(Stonington With, 4:110). He d. Dec. 1, 1785; she d. April 5, 1788, 
both at Groton. 

Children of Joseph and Dorothy (Avery) Morgan, b. at 
Groton : 

i. JosEPH% b. Jan. 31, 1737-8; m. Pi-udence Avery (No. 264). 

ii. Dorothy", b. Jan. 1, 1741-2; m. Ensign John Lester, who was killed 

at Fort Griswold, Sept. 6, 1781 (Conn. Men in Rev'n, p. 577). 
iii. Mary% b. Jan. 6, 1744-5; m. Allyn; d. Aug. 23, 1785, at 

iv. William", b. May 25, 1746; d. Feb. 25, 1772, at Groton; unm. 
V. Elizabeth", b. Nov. 10, 1748; m. Amos Allen; d. Nov. 7, 1804, at 

vi. Margaret", b. Aug. 23, 1750; m. William Chadsey; d. Dec, 1797, at 

vii. Ebenezer", b. Oct. 17, 1752; d. March 14, 1773, at Groton; unm. 
viii. Simeon", b. Sept. 23, 1755; killed at Fort Griswold, Sept. 6, 1781 

(Conn. Men in Rev'n., p. 577); unm. 

70. Ebenezer  Avery {Ebenezer\ James', James', Christopher^) 
was b. April 3, 1721, at Groton; m. May 3, 1744, at Groton, Lucy 
Davis, dau. of Samuel and Margaret (Morgan) Davis and grand- 
daughter of William and Margaret (Avery) Morgan (No. 12). 
She was b, June 15, 1724, at Groton. She is mentioned in the will 
of her grandmother, Margaret (Avery) Morgan. She died Oct. 
27, 1757. Ebenezer Avery m. 2d, Nov. 9, 1758, at Preston, 
Eunice Parke, dau. of Eleazur and Eliphel (Button) Parke. She 
was b. Feb. 19, 1727-8, at Preston. Ebenezer' Avery probably 
lived at Preston; the baptisms of some of his children are recorded 
there. In 1771, he and his wife, Eunice, signed receipts relating 
to the estate of Eleazur Parke {Norwich Wills, 4:1). The dates 
of the deaths of Ebenezer" Avery and his second wife are not 

172 The Groton Avery Clan 

Children of Ebenezer and Lucy (Davis) Avery: 

i. LucY% b. May 28, 1745; bap. July 2, 1745, First Church of 
Groton; died young. 

306. ii. Margaret", b. April 15, 1748. 

307. iii. Dorothy", b. Sept. 13, 1750. 

iv. Abigail", b. March, 1752; d. Oct. 10, 1753. 

308. V. Amy", b. Sept. 22, 1754. 

Child of Ebenezer and Eunice (Parke) Avery : 

309. i. Ebenezer", b. Oct. 10, 1760, at Preston. 

71. Amie' Avery (Ebenezer \ James', James', Christopher') 
was b. Sept. 14, 1724, at Groton; m. May 26, 1742, at Groton, as 
his second wife, Jabez Smith, s. of Nehemiah and Dorothy 
(Wheeler) Smith. He was b. Feb. 7, 1715, at Groton. He was 
ensign in the first company of the train-band, 1748; lieutenant, 
1749; captain, 1754 (Conn. Col. Rec., 9:389 & 10: 40, 316). He d. 
Aug. 11, 1782, at Groton; she d. June 30, 1801, at Groton. 

Children of Jabez and Amie (Avery) Smith, b. at Groton and 
bap. in First Church of Groton: 

i. Amie", b. Jan. 18, 1746-7; m. Jonas Prentice; d. March 11, 1814. 

ii. Eunice", b. Feb. 25, 1748-9. 

iii. Jabez", b. Aug. 31, 1751. 

iv. Anna", b. Dec. 4, 1754. 

V. John", b. April 11, 1757; d. Feb. 17, 1759, at Groton. 

vi. Mary", b. Oct. 31, 1759. 

vii. John", b. April 10, 1762. 

viii. Perez Swan", b. July 15, 1766. 

72. Eunice' Avery (Ebenezer'\ James\ James', Christopher') 
was b. March 2, 1725, at Groton; m. Nov. 13, 1748, at Groton, 
George Williams, s. of John and Desire (Denison) Williams of 
Stonington. He was b. July 9, 1726, at Stonington. He d. Aug. 
11, 1775, at Montville. In his will, proved Sept. 12, 1775, he 
called himself of Montville. She d. June 24, 1812. 

Children of George and Eunice (Avery) Williams: 

i. Prudence", b. July 25, 1749; m. Amos Avery (No. 267). 

ii. George", b. Nov. 2, 1751; m. Nancy Hewitt; d. June 30, 1830, at 

Waterford, Conn. 

iii. Eunice", b. Dec. 14, 1753. 

iv. Solomon", b. Sept. 19, 1756; m. Elizabeth Ayer. 

V. Welthea", b. Sept. 6, 1758; d. y. 

vi. Bridget", twin to Welthea; m. William Sheffield, 

vii. Amos", b. Aug. 23, 1760; d. Jan. 14, 1763 

The Fifth Generation 173 

viii. Desire% b. Oct. 23, 1763. 

ix. Dudley", b. Sept. 30, 1765; m. Catharine -. 

X. Robert", b. Jan, 30, 1768; d. June 15, 1787. 
xi. Ebenezer", b. Nov. 11, 1771, at New London. 

xii. Jesse", b. July 4, 1774, at Stonington; m. Abigail Bailey; d. July 
12, 1822. 

73. Simeon' Avery {Ebenezer\ James'', James', Christopher '^) 
was b. April 25, 1730, at Groton; bap. July 25, 1730, First Church 
of Groton; m. Oct. 25, 1750, at Groton, Sarah Niles, dau. of Na- 
thaniel and Mary (Northrop) Niles. She was b. Oct. 23, 1732, at 
Groton. Simeon ' Avery served in Capt. Joseph Morgan's company 
that marched to the relief of Fort William Henry, Aug., 1757 
(French and Indian War Rolls, 1:197). He moved to Orford, 
N. H. , where he was a deacon of the Congregational church and 
an innkeeper for many years. He kept the first ferry across the 
Connecticut River there. His wife d. April 12, 1783, at Orford. 
According to the record in Sweet's The Averys of Groton, he m. 
2d, Sept. 11, 1783, Mrs. Hannah (Smallee) Loomis; she was prob- 
ably Mrs. Hannah (Loomis) Smallee, dau. of Benoni and Hannah 
(Woodward) Loomis. She was b. March 27, 1745, at Lebanon, 
Conn. (Loomis Genealogy, p. 58). He d. Sept. 18, 1790, at Or- 
ford; she d. Nov., 1814. 

Children of Simeon and Sarah (Niles) Avery: 

i. Simeon", b. July 1, 1751; d. Aug, 3, 1754. 

ii. Mary", b, Jan, 5, 1753; d, Feb, 26, 1753. 

310. iii. Sarah", b. Feb. 4, 1754. 

311. iv. Lucy", b. March 24, 1756. 

312. V. Nathan", b. March 31, 1759. 

313. vi. Catharine , b. Sept. 24, 1761. 

314. vii. Mary", b. March 10, 1764. 

viii. Zerviah", b. April 14, 1765; d. April 22, 1767. 

315. ix. Hannah", b. May 16, 1768. 

316. X. Jesse", b. Oct. 22, 1771, 

317. xi, Silas", b. Sept, 11, 1773, 

318. xii. Joshua", b. March 16, 1777. 

Child of Simeon and Hannah (Smallee) Avery: 

319. i. Simeon Hyde", b, Jan, 13, 1787, 

74. John'' Avery (Christopher*, James\ James', Christopher' ) 
was b. Oct, 26, 1705, at Groton; m. Feb, 19, 1732, at Stonington, 
Anne Stanton, dau. of Joseph and Margaret (Chesebrough) 

174 The Groton Avery Clan 

Stanton. She was b. Aug. 6, 1708, at Stonington. John Avery 
was received into the Congregational church at Preston by letter 
from the Groton church, June 23, 1734, and his wife, Anne, July 
28, same year. The strict Congregational (or Separatist) church 
was organized March 17, 1747, with six members of whom John' 
Avery was one. He was chosen deacon Aug. 5, and ordained 
Aug. 16, 1747. He refused to pay rates to the regular church and 
was once imprisoned for that offense, an imprisonment that he 
felt was honorable. He was made lieutenant of the Preston train 
band, 1739; captain, 1741; resigned May 7, 1750. He was deputy 
to the general court, 1743 {Con7i. Col. Rec, 8:227, 372, 552). He 
Hved at Avery's Pond, in the southeast part of Preston. He had 
a keen black eye, was of commanding presence, and was physically 
strong. His wife d. Oct. 6, 1750, at Preston. He m. 2d, 
Rachel Parish, widow of Joshua Parke. She d. Aug. 6, 1755, at 
Preston. About 1756, he m. 3d, Mrs. Phebe (Burrows) More, 
dau. of Samuel Burrows {Groton Deeds, 5:160). In his will, Jan. 
5, 1788, he mentioned wife, Phebe; sons, John, Amos, and Isaac; 
grandchildren, Jabez Avery and Margaret Avery, children of 
deceased son, Jonas; daus., Abigail, widow of John Hurlbut; 
Anna, wife of Thomas N. Niles; Hannah, wife of Ebenezer 
Brewster; Phebe, wife of Hezekiah Parke. He gave his negro 
man, York, his freedom and provided for his support when he 
could no longer support himself (Noriuich Wills, 8:228). 

The tombstone in the Avery burying-ground, at Preston, 


Dea. John Avery, 

Died March 11, 1789, 

Aged 84. 

The righteous shall be in 

everlasting remembrance. 

Children of John and Anne (Stanton) Avery, b. at Preston: 

John", b. Dec. 6, 1732. 

Abigail% b. April 1, 1735. 

Amos% b. April 16, 1737. 

Anna", b. May 28, 1739. 

Margaret", b. April 19, 1741. 

Isaac", b. March 24, 1743. 
vii. Jonas", b. July 15, 1745. 
viii. Hannah", b. Oct. 9, 1747. 

Child of John and Phebe (Burrows) Avery, b. at Preston: 

















The Fifth Generation 175 

328. i. Phebe' . b. March 8, 1757. 

75. Abigail' Avery {Christopher', James', James', Christo- 
pher') was b. July 16, 1707, at Groton; m. May 13, 1725, at 
Groton, Robert Allyn, s. of Robert and Deborah (Avery) Allyn 
(No. 10). He was b. Jan. 25, 1697-8, at Allyn's Point, Groton. 
He was ensign of the second company of Groton militia, 1735; 
captain. 1739 (Conn. Col. Rec, 8:3, 260) ; he was selectman in 1745. 
He and his wife were members of the First Church of Groton, at 
the ordination, Nov. 22, 1727. He d. April 1, 1760; she d. Oct. 
21, 1780, both at Allyn's Point. 

Children of Robert and Abigail (Avery) Allyn, b. at Groton: 

i. Abigail", b. Feb. 2, 1726; m. Nehemiah Williams; d. July 24, 1767, at 

ii. Robert", b. Sept. 8, 1728; m. Hannah Gallop; was lieutenant, from 

Groton, May 1775 to 1783 {Conn. Men in Rev'n, p. 375) ; was a mem- 
ber of the Order of the Cincinnati; d. Nov. 11, 1811; his wife d. Oct, 

13, 1820. 
iii. Elizabeth", b. April 27, 1731; m. James Avery (No. 260). 
iv. Parke", b. June 15, 1733; m. Sarah Gallop; d. Feb. 13, 1805, at Allyn's 

V. JoSEPH% b. Feb. 14, 1736; m. Mary Belton; d. June 13, 1813, at 

vi. Prudence", b. April 9, 1738; m. Thomas Prentice Gallop; d. 1813, at 

vii. Nathan", b. June 5, 1740; m. Sarah Freeman; d. June 2, 1814, at 

viii. Jacob", b. March 27, 1743; m. Ednah Lothrop; d. Feb. 16, 1773, at 

ix. Simeon", b. May 27, 1745; m. Esther Gallop, dau. of Benadam and 
Hannah (Avery) Gallop (No. 80) ; a captain in the Revolutionary 

war; killed at Fort Griswold (Conn. Men in the Rev'n, pp. 561, 577). 
X. Timothy", b. June 12, 1748; m. Prudence Gallop, dau. of Benadam 
and Hannah (Avery) Gallop (No. 80) ; captain in the Revolutionary 
war, 1776 to 1783; member of the Order of the Cincinnati (Conn. 
Men in the Rev'n, pp. 246, 333, 375). 

76. Christopher' Avery (Christopher^ James\ James', Christo- 
pher') was b. Nov. 16, 1709, at Groton; m. Sept. 10, 1735, at Gro- 
ton, Eunice Prentice, dau. of Samuel and Esther (Hammond) 
Prentice. Esther (Hammond) Prentice m. 2d, Christopher Avery 
(No. 15). Eunice Prentice was b. Dec. 8, 1717, at Groton. In 
his will, made June 10, 1778, Christopher Avery mentioned his 
wife, Eunice; his five sons, Christopher, Nathan, Thomas, Samuel, 














176 The Groton Avery Clan 

and Oliver; his "three oldest daughters," Esther Williams, Eu- 
nice Avery, and Lucy Allyn; his "three youngest daughters," 
Abigail Avery, Sarah Avery, and Hannah Avery. The will was 
probated Sept. 30, 1778 (Stonington Wills, 3:192). He d. July 2, 
1778, at Ledyard; she d. March 22, 1796, at Ledyard. 

Children of Christopher and Eunice (Prentice) Avery, b. at 
Groton, except Hannah, who was b. at Preston: 

Esther", b. April 14, 1736. 

Christopher", b. Jan. 23, 1738. 

Eunice', b. Dec. 19, 1739; m. George Avery (No. 180). 

LUCY% b. Dec. 20, 1741. 

Nathan", b. April 30, 1744. 

Thomas", b. Feb. 10, 1746. 

Anna", b. Feb. 2, 1748; d. before June 10, 1778; unm. 

335. viii. Samuel", b. Nov. 15, 1752. 

ix. Prentice", b. Feb. 10, 1755; marched on the Lexington Alarm 
from Preston; corporal, seventh co., sixth regt., 1776 (Conn. 
Men in the Rev'n, pp. 20, 76) ; d. before June 10, 1778; unm. 

336. X. Oliver", b. Feb. 8, 1757. 

337. xi. Abigail", b. Feb. 22, 1759. 

338. xii. Sarah", b. Aug. 7, 1761. 

339. xiii. Hannah", b. June 20, 1763; m. David Avery (No. 297). 

77. Nathan'' Avery {Christopher^, James\ James^, Christo- 
pher') was b. March 10, 1712, at Groton; m. March 21, 1746, at 
Groton, Hannah Stoddard, dau. of Ralph and Hannah (Lester) 
Stoddard. She was b. May 4, 1727, at Groton. November 10, 
1750, Nathan Avery and Hannah, his wife, receipted to her 
mother, Hannah Stoddard, for £150 from the estate of her hon- 
ored father, Ralph Stoddard {Neiv London Wills, G:135). He was 
ordained pastor of the strict Congregational (Separatist) church, 
at Stonington, April 25, 1759, He lived on a farm just south of 
North Stonington. He d. Feb. 7, 1780, at Stonington; she d. 
Oct. 10, 1810; both are buried in the "Old Plain" burying- 

March 5, 1792, the following named persons receipted to 
Isaac and Stephen Avery, the sons and executors of Elder Nathan 
Avery: widow, Hannah, for herself and daughters, Hannah M. and 
Wealthy; daughter, Phebe, wife of Roswell Randall; son, Luther 
{Stonington Wills, 6:289). 

Children of Nathan and Hannah (Stoddard) Avery: 

340. i. Isaac", b. Aug. 23, 1747, at Groton. 

341. ii. Nathan", b. Dec. 21, 1749, at Groton. 

The Fifth Generation 177 

342. iii. Hannah Mary", b. Feb. 28, 1752, at Stonington. 

343. iv. Luther", b. 1754. 

344. V. Stephen", b. Jan. 13, 1756, at Stonington. 

345. vi. Phebe", b. Jan. 10, 1758, at Stonington. 

346. vii. Wealthy", b. Oct. 5, 1762, at Stonington. 

78. Priscilla' Avery [Christopher^ James\ James', Christo- 
pher^) was b. April 29, 1715, at Groton; m. June 2, 1737, at Gro- 
ton, Joseph Breed, s. of John and Mercy (Palmer) Breed. He 
was b. Oct. 4, 1708, at Stonington. Joseph and Priscilla (Avery) 
Breed were living" in Frederick County, Virginia, April 19, 1754, 
at which time they deeded property in Groton {Grotoji Deeds, 5:171) . 

Children of Joseph and Priscilla (Avery) Breed, b. at Ston- 
ington : 

i. Joseph", b. April 8, 1738. 

ii. Avery", b. Nov. 31, 1739. 

iii. Priscilla", b. Oct. 14, 1742. 

iv. Prudence", b. Dec. 7, 1744. 

V. Hebe" (Phebe?), b. Aug. 11, 1746. 

79. Isaac' Avery {Christopher*, James"", James^', Christopher'^) 
b. March 26, 1717, at Groton; m. March 31, 1742, at Groton, 
Susanna Elderkin, dau. of John and Susanna (Baker) Elderkin. 
She was b. Aug. 12, 1722, at Norwich. November 8, 1744, Sus- 
anna Avery, widow of Isaac Avery, lately deceased, of Groton, 
for £300 from her brother, John Elderkin, sold to him land be- 
ginning at Elderkin bridge, which land she had of her honored 
father, Isaac Elderkin, late of Norwich {Norwich Deeds, 10:74). 

Child of Isaac and Susanna (Elderkin) Avery: 

347. i. Prudence", b. 1743, at Groton. 

80. Hannah' Avery {Christopher^^ , James"", James', Christo- 
pher') was b. Feb. 10, 1719, at Groton; m. Aug. 11, 1740, at Gro- 
ton, Benadam Gallop, s. of Benadam and Eunice (Cobb) Gallop. 
He was b. Oct. 26, 1716, at Groton. He w^as deputy to the gen- 
eral court from Groton, Oct., 1753 {Conn. Col. Rec., 10: 196). He 
acquired the title of colonel in the old French wars. 

In Feb., 1757, the Connecticut general assembly resolved to raise 1400 
men for the next campaign. They were to form one regiment of 
fourteen companies and act in conjunction with the regular troops 
under the command of the earl of Loudoun. Col. Phineas Lyman was 
given command of the regiment. The 12th company was mostly from 

178 The Groton Avery Clan 

Groton and Preston, and was under the command of Capt. Benadam 
Gallop, of Groton. Many of his men had served before and were to 
serve again. Serg't Elias Avery (No. 197) and Serg't Charles Avery 
(No. 250) were in this company. Robert Niles (No. 298) was his 
clerk. The time of service was from Feb. to Dec. {Collections of the 
Conn. Hist. Soc, 9:166, 190). 

She d. July 28, 1799, at Groton; he d. May 29, 1800, at Groton. 

Children of Benadam and Hannah (Avery) Gallop, b. at 

i. Benadam", b. June 29, 1741; m. Bridget Palmer, a descendant of John 
and Priscilla Alden of the "Mayflower" (Wheeler's Hist, of Ston- 
ington,-p. 515). He served with the militia, Wadsworth's brigade, 
raised June, 1776; at the Brooklyn front, battle of Long Island; at 
White Plains; comm.issioned lieutenant-colonel, Dec. 2, 1776; his 
commission signed by Jonathan Trumbull is in the possession of the 
family; d. April 12, 1818, at Groton (Conn. Men in the Rev'n, 
p. 395). 

ii. Isaac", b. Dec. 22, 1742; m. Anna Smith, dau. of Nehemiah and 
Abigail (Avery) Smith (No. 98, iii). He was in the sixth Conn, 
reg't; first lieutenant. May 1, 1775; captain, 1776; captain in Col. 
Samuel McClellan's reg't, appointed Sept. 25, 1777 {Conn Men in the 
Rev'n, pp. 78, 99, 618). He d. Aug. 3, 1814, at Ledyard. 

iii. Hannah", b. Nov. 4, 1744; d. Jan. 10, 1771, at Groton; unm. 

iv. Esther", b. Dec. 9, 1746; m. 1st, Ralph Stoddard; 2d, Simeon Allyn 
(No. 75, ix) ; 3d, Isaac Geer. 

V. James", b. May 1, 1749; d. Dec. 19, 1770, at Groton; unm. 

vi. Jesse", b. Feb. 2, 1751; m. Catharine Fish. He was corporal, eighth 
Conn, reg't, 1776, Capt. Morgan's company {Conn. Men in the Rev'n, 
p. 451) . 

vii. John", b. Jan. 13, 1753; d. Dec. 9, 1770, at Groton. 

viii. Prudence", b. Jan. 30, 1755; m. Timothy Allyn (No. 75, x). 

ix. Susan", b. June 8, 1756; m. Nathan Lester; d. Aug. 16, 1840. 

x. JosiAH", b. 1760; m. 1st, Sarah Fish; 2d, Mary Randall; d. June 29, 

xi. Abigail", b. 1762; d. Nov. 24, 1770, at Groton. 

81. Jacob ' Avery ( Christopher*, James\ James', Christo- 
pher^) was b. Aug-. 26, 1721, at Groton; according to Sweet's The 
Averys of Groton, he m. Elizabeth Avery, dau. of Elisha and 
Elizabeth (Babcock) Avery (No. 205), who was b. March 25, 1725, 
at Groton and d. soon after her marriage. We have not been able 
to find proof of such marriage. It is certain that he did marry 
Sylvia Eddy. 

" Jacob Avery of Groton, Sylva Eddy of Swanzey was married June the 4, 
1753, by me Russel Mason, Elder of a church of Christ in Swanzey" 
{Sivanzey Rec. and Groton, Mass., Historical Series, No. 13, p. 55). 

The Fifth Generation 179 

Sylvia Eddy, dau. of Constant and Mary (Winslow) Eddy, was b. 
Feb. 27, 1738. It has been found difficult to determine the list of 
children; the list given below may be incomplete. March 23, 1793, 
Frederick Avery, of Groton, deeded to his brother. Constant 
Avery, land that had belonged to his honored father, Jacob Avery. 
March 26, 1796, Jacob Avery, Jr. and Cyrus Avery agreed to take 
the homestead and care for their father and mother, Jacob and 
Sylvia Avery, during the rest of their natural lives; witnessed by 
Constant Avery and Polly Avery (Groton Deeds). 
Children of Jacob and Sylvia (Eddy) Avery: 






Jacob", b. April 6, 1757, at Groton. 


















. Polly", b. May 10, 1775. at Groton. 







Of the last two daughters, one is supposed to have married a 
Chapman, and the other one a Thurber. 

82. Temperance ' Avery (Christopher\ James\ James", Chris- 
topher') was b. Sept. 14, 1725, at Groton; m. July 4, 1744, at Gro- 
ton, William Morgan, s. of William and Mary (Avery) Morgan 
(No. 20, iv) . He was b. June 17, 1723, at Groton. He was a 
sergeant in Joseph Morgan's company that marched to the relief 
of Fort William Henry in 1757 {French and Indian War Rolls, 
1:197). He was first lieutenant of the train band, 6th company, 
New London, 1759; commissioned captain of the same company, 
May, 1760 {Conn. Col. Rec, 10:415 & 11:374). She was a matron 
of the Revolution. Her name has been found on various old town 
lists that are preserved with care, showing, as contributions to 
the soldiers in the field, the work of her own hands, stockings 
and "Rifel frocks" being among her gifts. {American Monthly 
Magazine, 27:781). He d. April 11, 1777, at Groton; she d. Oct. 
7, 1801, at Groton. 

Children of William and Temperance (Avery) Morgan, b. at 

180 The Groton Avery Clan 

i. William", b. Sept. 28, 1745; d. Sept. 29, 1753, at Groton. 

ii. Christopher", b. Oct. 27, 1747; m. 1st, Deborah Ledyard (No. 271, i) ; 
2d, Margaret Gates; ensign in Capt. John Morgan's company, 8th 
reg't of miUtia in the Rev'n {Conn. Men in the Rev'n, p. 451) ; d. 
July 5, 1831, at Groton. 

iii. Temperance'', b. May 5, 1752; m. Ephraim Allyn, s. of James and 
Alethea (Avery) Allyn (No. 112) ; she d. Oct. 3, 1799, at Ledyard; he 
m. 2d, her sister, Rebecca (See below). 

iv. William Avery", b. Nov. 24, 1754; m. Lydia Smith; their son, Jasper, 
m. Catharine (Copp) Avery, widow of Jasper Avery (No. 751). 
Their son, Edwin D. Morgan, b. Feb. 8, 1811, at Washington, Mass., 
became governor of New York, major-general of volunteers, and 
United States senator from New York. William Avery Morgan was 
serg't in the war of the Revolution {Conn. Men in the Rev'n, pp. 656, 
661). His second wife was Sarah Harris. He d. March 22, 1842, at 
Lebanon, Conn. 

v. Israel'', b. July 22, 1757; m. Elizabeth Brewster {Elijah", Joseph'% 
Jonathan*, Benjamin^ , Jonathan- , Elder William'); served in the 
Rev'n; serg't in Capt. Hewett's reg't of militia; was in the cam- 
paign against Burgoyne, 1777 {Conn. Men in the Rev'n, p. 504) ; d. 
June 4, 1816, at Ledyard. 

vi. Mary", b. Jan. 8, 1760; m. Peter WilHams. 

vii. Simeon", b. April 1, 1762; m. Phebe Allyn; d. May 7, 1813, at Berne, 
N. Y. 

viii. Prudence", b. Oct. 27, 1764; m. Increase Stoddard. 

ix. Rebecca", b. April 9, 1766; m. 1st, Jacob Gallop; 2d, Ephraim Allyn 
who had previously m. her sister, Temperance. He d. Dec. 28, 1816, 
at Groton; she d. July 3, 1834, at Goshen, Conn. 

X. Jacob", b. Sept. 18, 1768; m. Lois Gallop; d. March 15, 1855, at Berne, 
N. Y. 

83. Jonathan' Avery {Jonathan*, James\ James', Christo- 
pher') was b. Dec. 30, 1703, at Groton; m. Dec. 12, 1724, at Gro- 
ton, Mary Latham. He was a house carpenter. His father sold 
to him, Jan. 5, 1728, land which he, in turn, sold to James Avery, 
Jr., Jan. 6, 1728 {Gi^oton Deeds, 2:329, 341). The Rev. David 
Avery (No. 511) says that Jonathan' Avery died in the expedition 
to Cartagena, about 1742. His widow m. Nathan Barnes before 

Children of Jonathan and Mary (Latham) Avery: 

358. i. Mary", bap. March 24, 1728, First Church of Groton. 

359. ii. Oliver", bap. March 23, 1729, First Church of Groton. 

360. iii. Jonathan", bap. March 21, 1731, First Church of Groton. 

361. iv. Lemuel", bap. April 1, 1733, First Church of Groton. 

362. V. Samuel", "Samuel Avery, s. of Jonathan Avery, late of Groton, 

upwards of 16 years, chose his father-in-law, Nathan Barnes, 
guardian, April 25, 1753' ' {New London Probate Court Journal, 

The Fifth Generation 181 

84. Elizabeth" Avery {Jonathan', James', James', Christo- 
pher^) was b. Jan. 18, 1705, at Groton ; m. Daniel Tennant (New 
London Court Journal, 5:111). "Elizabeth Avery m. Daniel Ten- 
ant of Colchester" (David Avery ms.). Daniel Tennant, adult, 
was bap. April 2, 1732, First Church of Groton. 

Children of Daniel and Elizabeth (Avery) Tennant, bap. First 
Church of Groton: 

i. Daniel% bap. April 27, 1732'] 

ii. Abigail% bap. April 27, 1732. 

iii. Mary", bap. April 27, 1732. 

iv. Sarah'', bap. April 27, 1732; probably m. Joshua Rathbone of Col- 

V. Lucy", bap. April 27, 1732; probably m. Jonathan Chapel of Col- 

vi. Samuel", bap. May 3, 1734. 

85. Mary' Avery (Jonathan*, James"^, James^, Christopher^) 
was b. Dec. 3, 1707, at Groton; m. March 11, 1730, at Groton, 
Josiah Haines, s. of Josiah and Elizabeth (Lambert) Haines. He 
was b. Jan. 8, 1699, at Preston (Preston Rec., 1:31). Josiah 
Haines, in a will made June 4, 1719, mentioned son, Josiah, and 
gave him ' ' all my lands in Consuggamug in the province of 
Machune, near Molbary " (New London Wills, B:347). The name 
was often spelled Haynes. 

Children of Josiah and Mary (Avery) Haines, bap. First 

Church of Groton: 

i. Joshua", b. Dec. 31, 1731; bap. June 9, 1734. 
ii. Amy", bap. June 13, 1736. 
iii. HuLDAH", bap. Aug. 7, 1737. 

86. Lucy' Avery (Jonathan*, James"", James', Christopher^) 
was b. March 20, 1709, at Groton; m. Jonathan Leffingwell, s. of 
Daniel and Sarah (Bill) LefRngwell, of Norwich. He was b. May 
21, 1715, at Norwich; date of death not known. She m. 2d, Feb. 
2, 1748-49, at Groton, John Wood, s. of John and Mary Wood of 
Groton. In writing of the children of Jonathan Avery, the Rev. 
David Avery (No. 511) said: 

"Lucy m. Jona Leffingwell son of Danl L. of Norwich & John Wood, bro. 
of Wm. W. of Groton." 

In the settlement of the estate of Abel Avery (No. 89) , Dec. 10, 
1751, Lucy was called the wife of John Wood. John Wood had a 

182 The Groton Avery Clan 

share in the Susquehanna company for the settlement of Wyo- 
ming, in Pennsylvania, under the Connecticut claim. Oct. 8, 1776, 
Benjamin Bailey, "late of Groton, now of Susquehanna," for a 
consideration, quitclaimed to John Wood of Groton, all right in six 
acres of land belonging to the heirs of the late Abel Avery of 

Children of Jonathan and Lucy (Avery) Leffingwell, b. at 
Groton : 

i. Sarah''', b. Aug. 24, 1737; m. Joshua Chapman, 
ii. Nathaniel'', b. Oct. 7, 1739. 
iii. Jonathan'% b. Feb. 11, 1742. 

iv. LucY^, b. Nov. 9, 1745; m. Joseph Yarrington, s. of Ezekiel and Jerusha 
(Avery) Yarrington (No. 191, vi) . 

Children of John and Lucy (Avery-Leffingwell) Wood, b. at 
Groton : 

i. RUTH% b. Dec. 3, 1749. 
ii. Mary«, b. Aug. 29, 1751. 

87. Abner'' Avery {Jonathan*, James\ James', Christopher^) 
was b. May 28, 1712, at Groton; m. May 22, 1740, at Montville, 
Amy Fox, probably dau. of Samuel and Zipporah Fox of Mont- 
ville. Samuel Fox, North Parish, New London, in a will made 
May 22, 1753, mentioned wife, Zipporah; children, Bathshua, Mar- 
garet, Content, Amy, Caron, Ezekiel, and Samuel, but did not 
mention the names of the husbands of his daughters {Neiv London 
Wills, F:368). 

Abner^ Avery purchased an interest in the Susquehanna com- 
pany, Nov. 20, 1754. Abner Avery, of the North Parish, made 
his will June 18, 1771; it was proved Aug. 13, 1771 {Neiu London 
Wills, 1:178), In it he mentioned wife. Amy; dau., Caron, de- 
ceased; her children. Humility and Amy, by her first husband, 
Charles Randall, and her dau., Lydia, by her second husband, 
Stephen Chappell; son, Abel; dau., Amy; son, Elihu; dau., Mar- 
garet; sons, Jonathan and Amos; "the little children," Eliza- 
beth, Freelove, and Lucy. 

Children of Abner and Amy (Fox) Avery, b. at Montville : 


i. Caron% b. July 3, 1743. 


ii. Abel% b. May 29, 1745. 


iii. Amy", b. July 25, 1747. 


iv. Elihu% b. March 25, 1749. 


V. Margaret", b. Dec. 15, 1750 

The Fifth Generation 183 



Samuel", b. Sept. 11, 1753; not mentioned in father's will; 
probably d. before 1771; unm. 



Jonathan", b. Sept. 10, 1755. 



Amos", b. March 10, 1758. 










89. Abel"' Avery (Jonathan*, James', James', Christopher') 
was b. Sept. 17, 1717, at Groton. 

"Abel Avery was an officer in the army and was killed by the accidental 
discharge of a gun." (Extract from a letter from his nephew, Jona- 
than Avery, No. 369). 

Monday, Oct. 20, 1746. "Abel Avery, of Groton, was accidently Shott 
to death att Collins's in the house Exercising the freelock which hap- 
ened to be Loaden. he was giving the word of Command to a Saylor 
who shott him thro the head & Died immediately in a few minutes. 
Never spake a word" {Hempstead's Diary, p. 469). 

Abner Avery presented the inventory of the estate of his brother, 
Abel Avery, Jan. 13, 1747, at the New London court. December 
10, 1751, the estate was divided among the brother and sisters of 
Abel Avery:— Abner Avery; Elizabeth, wife of Daniel Tennant; 
Mary, wife of Josiah Haines; Lucy, wife of John Wood; Freelove, 
wife of Benjamin Bailey; Experience, wife of Peter Brown (New 
London Court Journal, 5:111). 

90. Temperance' Avery (Jonathan*, James\ James\ Christo- 
pher') was b. Feb. 3, 1719, at Groton; m. Sept. 29, 1743, at Gro- 
ton, John Heath, son of John and Dorothy Heath of Groton. He 
was b. March 10, 1717, at Groton. He was second lieutenant, 
March, 1756, in the first reg't, 8th company, Ebenezer Billings, 
capt, Nathan Avery, first lieutenant (Conn. Col. Rec, 10:472 and 
11:97); first lieutenant in Capt. Stanton's company, 1758 (French 
and Indian War Rolls, 2:45). He was called captain by the Rev. 
David Avery (No. 511). 

Children of John and Temperance (Avery) Heath, b. at Groton: 

i. Dorothy", b. June 10, 1744; m. Christopher Avery (No. 330). 

ii. Abigail", b. May 2, 1746. 

iii. John", b. Jan. 5, 1747. There was a John Heath on the privateer 

"OUver Cromwell," Capt. Coit, 1777 (Collections of Conn. Hist. Soc, 

8:245, 250). 
iv. Hannah", b. Oct. 21, 1749. 


184 The Groton Avery Clan 

V. AvERY% b. Nov. 23, 1750; m. Hannah Brooks, Feb. 14, 1773, at Col- 
vi. Jonathan", b. Nov. 3, 1753. 
vii. Samuel", b. Aug. 31, 1755. 

91. Freelove' Avery {Jonathan^, James'', James', Christo- 
pher') was b. March 16, 1722, at Groton; m. Benjamin Bailey, 
s. of Joseph and Mary (Chapman) Bailey. He was b. Oct. 25, 
1721, at Groton. In a will made April 12, 1771, Benjamin Bailey 
mentioned wife, Freelove; sons, Joseph and Benjamin; daus., 
Hannah Bailey, Freelove Starr, Mary Bailey, Lydia Bailey. The 
will was probated June 29, 1771 (Stonington Wills, 1:288). His 
widow d. Feb. 8, 1779, at Groton. 

Children of Benjamin and Freelove (Avery) Bailey, bap. 
First Church of Groton: 

i. Hannah", bap. Dec. 18, 1743. 

ii. Joseph", bap. Oct. 13, 1745; m. Hannah . A Joseph Bailey 

was a seaman on the privateer "Ohver Cromwell," 1111 {Collec- 
tions of Conn. Hist. Soc, 8:246). 

iii. Freelove'% bap. April 3, 1748; m. William Starr who was a lieut. 
in the 8th militia at Fort Griswold; he was a pensioner. 

iv. Benjamin", bap. July 14, 1751. 

V. Elizabeth", bap. March 28, 1756. 

vi. Mary". 

vii. Lydia". A Lydia Bailey of Groton was m. to William Lester of 
Norwich by the Rev. Aaron Kinne, July 6, 1777 {Norwich Records, 

92. Experience' Avery (Jonathan*, James\ James-, Christo- 
pher') was b. Nov. 6, 1724, at Groton; m. Peter Brown, s. of 
Gershom and Ann (Foot) Brown. He was b. March 15, 1721, at 
Groton. He served in the expedition of 1755, under Capt. Joseph 
Wooster; also in Capt. Morgan's company, in 1756 (French and 
Indian War Rolls, 1:37, 197). 

94. Tabitha' Avery (Joseph\ James\ James', Christopher^) 
was b. Feb. 25, 1717, at Norwich; m. July 9, 1741, Second Church 
of Griswold, Henry Skilton of South Kingston, Rhode Island. 
She was called of North Kingston. He was the s. of John and 
Mary (Bennett) Skilton, and was b. in Coventry, England, Nov. 
19, 1718. He emigrated to America and settled in Rhode Island 
where he studied medicine. Later, he moved to Preston, Conn., 
where he was a practising physician. Joseph' Avery deeded land 

The Fifth Generation 185 

to Henry Skilton and wife, Tabitha, "my beloved daughter," 
March 20, 1745. In a deed of land, Feb. 8, 1754, Henry Skilton 
called himself of Farmington, Conn. He lived in Southington, 
Woodbury, and Watertown. He was a man of enterprise, owning 
a store, hotel, mill, and two or three farms at the same time. He 
was one of the organizers of the "strict " Congregational church 
of Chester. He d. in Watertown, Conn., June 7, 1802; his wife d. 
at the same place, Oct. 25, 1797. 

Children of Henry and Tabitha (Avery) Skilton: 

i. LuCY% b. April 5, 1742; d. April 17, 1758, at Woodbury, Conn.; unm. 

ii. Elizabeth% b. Feb. 11, 1743; d. Sept. 1, 1749, at Woodbury. 

iii. Mary% b. Feb. 12, 1746; m. Elisha Atwood; d. June, 1830, at Wood- 

iv. AvERY% b. April 30, 1748; m. Parthenia Judd; d. Aug. 27, 1832, at 

V. James", b. June 1, 1749; d. Nov., 1755, at Southington. 

vi. Tabitha% b. Aug. 26, 1752; d. July, 1753, at Southington. 

vii. Tabitha", b. Nov. 20, 1755; d. Dec, 1755, at Southington. 

viii. Sarah", b. April 11, 1757; m. Richards; she was a minister 

in the fraternity of the " Universal Friends " and a capable business 
woman; d. Nov. 30, 1793, Yates County, N. Y. 

95. Benjamin' Avery {Joseph^, James'' , James' , Christopher^) 

wasb. Sept. 4, 1721, at Norwich; m. Elizabeth . From various 

documents we learn that he hved at Norwich and at Preston, in 
that part now called Griswold. October 24, 1750, his father 
deeded to him certain land, through love {Norwich Deeds, 12:112). 
Feb. 8, 1754, Benjamin' Avery, with his sisters, Tabitha and 
Lucy, and their husbands, deeded land to their brother, Joseph 
Avery {Norwich Deeds, 13:1). Benjamin' Avery served in Capt. 
Ebenezer Billing's company from April 9th to Dec. 10th, 1756, at 
Fort William Henry; also in Capt. John Perkins's reg't which was 
raised in 1757 for the relief of Fort William Henry and marched 
from Norwich {French and Indian War Rolls, 1:107, 236). 

In his will, made May 27, 1776, he mentioned wife, Elizabeth; 
sons, Roger, Benjamin, and Gardner; daughters, Hannah Mills 
and Lucy Avery. The will was probated July 1, 1776; a partial 
settlement was made May 10, 1779 {Norwich Wills, 6:383). May 
4, 1781, Elizabeth Avery, widow of Benjamin' Avery, made appli- 
cation to the probate court that ' * Freeholders may be appointed 
to divide & set out her dower or Thirds." Feb. 11, 1783, Eliza- 

186 The Groton Avery Clan 

beth Avery, widow, and Roger, her son, sold certain lands in 
Pachaug (Griswold) to Nathan Taylor {Norwich Deeds, 20:335). 
Children of Benjamin and Elizabeth Avery: 

383. i. Elizabeth% bap. Sept. 23, 1750, Second Church of Griswold. 

384. ii. Gardner", bap. Sept. 22; 1751, Second Church of Griswold. 

385. iii. Hannah% bap. April 14, 1754, Second Church of Griswold. 

386. iv. LuCY% bap. Aug. 29, 1756, Second Church of Griswold. 

387. V. Benjamin", b. March 4, 1758, at Griswold, Conn. 

388. vi. Rogers b. April 14, 1761, at Griswold, Conn. 

96. Lucy' Avery {Joseph^, James'', James', Christopher^) was 
b. May 2, 1723, at Norwich; m. May 19, 1747, at Preston, as his 
second wife, Jonathan Tracy, s, of Jonathan and Anna (Palmer) 
Tracy. He was b. Nov. 20, 1702, at Preston. She was alive Feb. 
4, 1754, at which time she and her husband deeded certain land 
which came to them from her father, Joseph Avery, lately de- 
ceased. At the time of the final division of Joseph Avery's estate, 
May 5, 1755, she was not living, as the heirs of the * ' daughter 
Lucy deceased, wife of Jonathan Tracy," inherited their mother's 

In his will, made March 18, and proved March 31, 1777, Jona- 
than Tracy mentioned his children by his first wife; children, 
Israel, and Submit Hartshorn; grandchildren by the name of 
Wilmot {Noriuich Wills, 4:131). 

Children of Jonathan and Lucy (Avery) Tracy, bap. in First 

Church of Preston: 

i. Lucy", bap. Dec. 17, 1749. 
ii. Hannah', bap. Nov. 27, 1750. 
iii. Israel", bap. April 26, 1752; m. Mary Petegal. 

iv. Submit", bap. April 28, 1754; m. Joseph Hartshorn; d. Jan. 16, 1806, 
at Mansfield. 

97. Benjamin" Avery (Benjamin*, James^, James', Christo- 
pher') was b. Sept. 9, 1735, at Groton; bap. Aug. 9, 1741, First 
Church of Groton; m. May 8, 1774, at Groton, Mary Burrows, dau. 
of Hubbard and Mercy (Denison) Burrows. She was b. Oct. 7, 
1749, at Groton. In 1800, Benjamin Avery was living at Scipio, 
N. Y., where he was visited by David Avery (No. 511). He d. 
Jan. 27, 1816; she d. April 19, 1823. 

Children of Benjamin and Mary (Burrows) Avery, b. at 
Groton : 

389. i. Mary", b. March 31, 1775; m. Hezekiah Avery (No. 696). 

390. ii. Benjamin", b. Nov. 25, 1776. 

The Fifth Generation 


391. iii. David% b. May 8, 1779. 

iv. Anna% b. Jan. 30, 1782; d. March 4, 1804; unm, 

392. V. Thankful", b. Jan. 31, 1784. 

393. vi. Lydia", b. June 7, 1786. 

vii. Solomon", b. Jan. 2, 1789; d. Aug. 24, 1792. 

viii. Hubbard% b. May 25, 1792; d. April 16, 1813; unm. 


98. Abigail' Avery {Benjamin^, James', James' , Christopher^) 
was b. Dec. 12, 1737, at Groton; bap. Aug. 9, 1741, First Church 
of Groton; m. May 3, 1758, at Groton, Nehemiah Smith, s. of John 
and Temperance (Holmes) Smith. He was b. at Groton, Oct. 30, 
1733; lived in the part now called Ledyard; served under Capt. 
Robert Denison, third company, first regiment, Conn, troops, in 
Johnson's fight at Lake George in 1755 (French and Indiayi War 
Rolls, 1:10). For an account of this fight, see Avery's History of 

the United States and Its 
People, volume 4, pages 80 
to 90. The picture of the 
monument commemorative 
of this battle of Lake 
George, herewith given, 
is reproduced from that 
work through the courtesy 
of its publishers. The Bur- 
rows Brothers Company of 
Cleveland. Nehemiah Smith 
also served in the Revolu- 
tionary war as lieutenant 
in Samuel McClellan's reg't 
(Conn. Men in the Rev'n, p. 
543). His wife d. Aug. 8, 
1797; he d. May 4, 1810, 

Lake George Battle Monument, 1755. both at Ledyard. 

Children of Nehemiah and Abigail (Avery) Smith, b. at 

i. Abigail", b. Aug. 10, 1759; m. 1st, Peleg Lewis; 2d, Noah Bailey; d. 

Sept. 16, 1842, at Groton. 
ii. Sarah% b. Aug. 9, 1761; m. Nathan Bellows; had a dau., Elizabeth, 

b. Aug. 16, 1794, who m. Frederick Allyn Avery (No. 764); d. March 

10, 1827, at Ledyard. 

188 The Groton Avery Clan 

iii. Anna", b. Dec. 8, 1765; m. Isaac Gallop (No. 80, ii.); he d. Aug. 3, 

1814, at Ledyard; she m. 2d, Seth Williams; d. Dec. 21, 1848, at 

iv. Nehemiah% b. April 21, 1767; m. Abigail Geer; d. Aug. 13, 1803, at 

V. Temperance% b. Jan. 1, 1769; m. Park Allyn; 2d; Packer; d. 

Feb. 6, 1859, at Ledyard. 
vi. Thankful% b. Jan. 1, 1769; d. Sept. 6, 1770. at Ledyard. 
vii. John% b. April 9, 1771: m. 1st, Martha Brown; 2d, Abigail Palmer; 

d. April 3, 1856, at Salem, Conn, 
viii. Thankful", b. Jan. 21, 1775; m. Ezra Geer; d. July 1, 1864, at 


99. Daniel" Avery (Benjamin*, James\ James', Christopher^) 
was b. Nov. 14, 1740; bap. Aug. 9, 1741, First Church of Groton; 
m. Nov. 14, 1765, at Groton, Deborah Avery (No. 276), dau. of 
Ebenezer and Lucy (Latham) Avery. She was b. Feb. 1, 1742, 
at Groton. He was ensign in Capt. Gallop's company, in 1776 
{Conn. Men in the Rev' n, p. 452), and was killed at Fort Gris- 
wold. In the Avery-Morgan burying-ground, his tombstone is 
still standing. It has the following inscription: 

In Memory of Ensign 
Daniel Avery who 
nobly Sa- 
crificed his Life 
in Defence of fort 
Griswould & the 
Liberties of America 

sept 6 1781 in ye 
41st year of his Age. 

His widow, Deborah; sons, Daniel, Elias, Dudley, Isaac, 
Latham, Abel; daus., Deborah and Rachel, each received a share 
of his estate which was divided Oct. 2, 1792 (Stonington Wills, 
6:463). Deborah Avery was a woman of energy and ability, and 
her eight children were carefully brought up. 

Children of Daniel and Deborah (Avery) Avery, b. at Groton: 

394. i. Daniel% b. Sept. 18, 1766. 

395. ii. Elias% b. April 6, 1768. 

396. iii. Dudley% b. March 19, 1770. 

397. iv. Isaac", b. March 30, 1772. 

398. V. Deborah", b. Jan. 12, 1774; m. Ebenezer Avery (No. 755). 

399. vi. Latham", b. Dec. 19, 1775. 

400. vii. Rachel", b. Aug. 10, 1777. 

viii. Abel", b. July 17, 1779; d. in Demerara; unm. 

The Fifth Generation 189 

100. Sarah Avery {Benjamin^ James', James', Christopher^) 
was b. July 29, 1742, at Groton; bap. Dec. 19, 1742, First Church 
of Groton; m. Hubbard Burrows, s. of Hubbard and Mercy (Den- 
ison) Burrows. He was b. June 26, 1739, at Groton. He was a 
private in Capt. John Stanton's company, 4th reg't, campaign of 
1759 {French and Indian War Rolls, 2:167); was a captain of 
mihtia in the Revolutionary war; was in the siege around New 
York, 1776 (Comi. Men in the Rev'n, pp. 333, 451, 577); was in 
Capt. Walker's company and marched under Lafayette, 1780 
{Collections of the Conn. Hist. Soc, 8:122); was killed at the 
massacre of Fort Griswold, Sept. 6, 1781. His first wife was 
Prisciila Baldwin. October 3, 1775, Mr. Hubbard Burrows of 
Groton complained to the court, for his wife, she being one of the 
heirs, that the estate of her father, Benjamin Avery, had not been 
settled. The court ordered Benjamin Avery, the executor, to 
appear and explain {Stonington Wills). Sarah' Avery m. 2d, 
John Hicks after 1784 {Groton Deeds, 9:88). According to their 
gravestones in the Mystic burying-ground, he d. May 3, 1818, at 
Groton, aged 87; "his wife Sarah" d. same place, Sept. 3, 1834, 
aged 92. 

Children of Hubbard and Sarah (Avery) Burrows: 

i. Sarah", b. July 2, 1770; m. Caleb Haley; d. Feb. 21, 1862, at Groton. 

ii. Elisha% m. Rebecca Turner; d. June 10, 1836. 

iii. Perez% b. May 18, 1778; m. Deborah Wightman; d. Dec, 1838. 

iv. Priscilla", b. May 18, 1778; m. Daniel Morgan; d. July 23, 1843, at 

V. Benjamin", died young. 


vii. Daniel", died young. 

viii. Denison", m. Nancy Burrows. 

Child of John and Sarah (Avery) Hicks, b. at Groton: 

i. Daniel Avery", m. Fanny Chesebrough; he was lost at sea, Sept. 25, 
1815; no children. 

102. Mary' Avery {Benjamin^, James', James', Christopher') 
was b. Jan., 1748, at Groton; m. Youngs Morgan, s. of James and 
Mary (Morgan) Morgan. He was b. about 1741, at Groton. He 
was in Capt. Joseph Gallop's company, 1776 {Conn. Men in the 
Rev'n, p. 452). He d. May 19, 1809, at Groton; she d. Jan. 3, 

190 The Groton Avery Clan 

Children of Youngs and Mary (Avery) Morgan, b. at Groton: 

i. YouNGS'S b. Feb. 11, 1774; d. May 12, 1776. 

ii. Avery", b. Oct. 7, 1779; m. Betsy Hicks, his cousin, (No. 107, iii); 

d. March 18, 1846, at Groton. 
iii. Y0UNGS% b. about 1782; m. 1st, Mary Mitchell; 2d, Phebe Avery; 

moved to Cranston, R. I. ; no issue by second marriage, 
iv. Mary", d. April 26, 1816, at Groton, aged 30; unm. 

103. Denison' Avery {Benjamin\ James\ James\ Christo- 
pher') was b. June 11, 1749, at Groton; bap. Sept. 22, 1751, First 
Church of Groton; m. Hannah Babcock, dau. of Isaac and Hannah 
(Worden) Babcock of Westerly. She was b. June 28, 1770, at 
Westerly, R. I. He served in the Revolutionary war, Capt. Gal- 
lop's company, Sthreg't, 1776; was a pensioner in Tolland county, 
1832 {Conn. Men in the Rev'n, pp. 452, 656). He d. Oct. 11, 1846; 
she d. May 21, 1851, at Salina, N. Y. 

Children of Denison and Hannah (Babcock) Avery, b. at 

401. i. Alfred Anson% b. Sept. 12, 1794. 

402. ii. Hannah", b. July 2, 1797. 

iii. Phebe% b. Jan. 29, 1799; d. Jan. 16, 1880, at Syracuse; unm. 

403. iv. Denison% b. June 14, 1801. 

404. V. Benjamin Gilson% b. May 6, 1804. 

405. vi. Dudley Bailey% b. June 28, 1806. 

406. vii. Rhoda Emeline% b. June 22, 1809; m. William Randall Avery 

(No. 860). 

104. Lucy' Avery {Benjamin\ James', James-, Christopher') 
was b. about 1751, at Groton; m. Jonathan Burrows, s. of Hub- 
bard and Mercy (Denison) Burrows. He was b. May 13, 1752, at 
Groton. He served in the Revolutionary war in the company of 
his brother, Hubbard Burrows {Conn. Men in the Rev'n, p. 452). 
Jonathan Burrows and his wife are buried in the old Brown bury- 
ing-ground, Noank, Conn. She d. Aug., 1844, 93 years old. 

Children of Jonathan and Lucy (Avery) Burrows, b. at Groton: 

i. Sally% m. Daniel Searles. 

ii. Nancy", m. 1st, Richard Potter; 2d, Daniel Searles; his second wife. 

iii. Cynthia", m. Coville; settled in Chenango County, N. Y. 

iv. Maria% b. May 7, 1784; m. Moses Wilbur at Noank; d. Nov. 19, 1876. 

V. Caroline", m. Elam Wilbur; d. Nov. 12, 1871. 

vi. Jonathan", b. Sept. 9, 1788; m. Sally Potter; was in war of 1812; d. 

July 27, 1860, at Noank. 
vii. Mercy , b. June 10, 1791; m. Joseph Potter; d. March 25, 1872. 

The Fifth Generation 191 

105. Thankful' Avery (Benjamin', James\ James', Christo- 
pher' ) was bap. Aug. 1, 1755, First Church of Groton; m. 1st, 
Elihu Avery (No. 278, q. v.), by whom she had two children. 
After his death, she m. Ebenezer Rogers, s. of Ebenezer and 
Naomi (Fox) Rogers, and moved to Cayuga County, N. Y. He 
was b. Sept. 5, 1758, at Groton. He d June 22, 1816, in Cayuga 
County; she d. 1837, at Moravia, N. Y. 

Children of Ebenezer and Thankful (Avery) Rogers: 

i. Ebenezer". 

ii. Nancy", m. Peleg Gallop. 

iii. Solomon-. 

iv. Elias", m. Matilda Skinner. 

V. Gordon". 

vi. HENRY^ 

vii. David". 

viii. Betsey% d. unm. 

The above record is taken from the David Avery ms. and 
from family tradition. 

106. Deborah' Avery (Benjamin*, James\ James', Christo- 
pher') was b. Oct. 2, 1758, at Groton; bap. Sept. 2, 1759, First 
Church of Groton; m. Nov. 20, 1784, at Norwich, James Story. 

Children of James and Deborah (Avery) Story: 

1. James", b. Jan. 17, 1786. 

ii. Avery", b. Sept. 6, 1789; d. Sept. 13, 1789. 

iii. Nancy% b. April 11, 1791. 

iv. Polly", b. Nov. 22, 1793. 

V. Betsey", b. Nov. 27, 1795; d. Dec. 25, 1795. 

vi. Henry", b. Feb. 15, 1799; d. Feb. 17, 1799. 

107. Hannah' Avery (Benjamin^, James"", James\ Christo- 
pher') was bap. May 30, 1762, First Church of Groton; m. John 
Hicks. She d. Sept. 21, 1853, at Long Island, N. Y. ; was buried 
in Avery-Morgan burying-ground at Groton. 

Children of John and Hannah (Avery) Hicks, b. at Groton: 

i. John", b. Aug. 12, 1785. 
ii. Sylvanus", m. Mary Hedden. 

iii. Betsey", b. June 17, 1789; m. Avery Morgan (No. 102, ii) ; d. May 9, 
1857, at Groton. 

108. Ann' Avery (Thomas', Thomas'', James', Christopher') 
was b. May 12, 1707, at Montville; bap. May 25, 1707, First Church 
of New London; m. Nov. 16, 1727, at New London, Samuel Grif- 
fing, s. of Serg't Ebenezer and Mary (Harris) GrifRng. The 

192 The Groton Avery Clan 

name is often spelled GrifRn. He was b. June 8, 1705, at New 
London. July 26, 1727, Ann Avery called herself the only child 
of Thomas Avery, deceased. Samuel Griffing d. before Jan. 27, 
1737, at which time his widow, Ann, administered his estate 
{Stonington Probate Records). She m. 2d, Oct. 6, 1737, at Ston- 
ington, Sylvanus Miner, s. of Thomas and Hannah (Avery) Minor 
(No. 25, ii) and her own cousin. He was b. March 3, 1709, at 
Stonington. They lived in Voluntown in 1754. He d. March 15, 
1786, at Stonington. 

Children of Samuel and Ann (Avery) Griffing, b. at New 

i. Samuel", b. Sept. 27, 1728; m. Desire Crary, at Stonington; was in 
Capt. Lattimore's company of militia, 1757 {French and Indian War 
Rolls. 1:238). 

ii. Thomas% b. Nov. 27, 1730; m. Mrs. Jerusha Chapman, at Stonington. 

Children of Sylvanus and Ann (Avery) Miner, b. at Stoning- 

i. Ann% b. Oct. 27, 1738. 

ii. Thomas", b. June 23, 1740. 

iii. Sylvanus", b. Oct. 5, 1742. 

iv. Hannah", b. Jan. 2, 1745. 

V. James", b. Nov. 12, 1747. 

109. Ransford" Avery (Sajnuel*, Thomas', James", Christo- 
pher^) was b. June 26, 1703, at Saybrook, Conn.; m. Sept. 23, 
1723, at New London, Elizabeth Rogers, dau. of James and Eliza- 
beth Rogers. She was b. June 14, 1706, at New London; date of 
death unknown. He m. 2d, Dec. 22, 1742, at New London, Annis 
Strickland. Hansford Avery sailed April 14, 1745, on one of the 
seven ships of the fleet sent by Connecticut against Cape Breton. 
He died in the harbor of Louisburg, Aug. 18, 1745. His widow, 
Annis, administered his estate, Nov. 14, 1745. She m. 2d, Aug. 
28, 1748, at New London, John Davis. 

Children of Ransford and Elizabeth (Rogers) Avery: 

407. i. Samuel". Samuel Avery, minor, upwards of 14, s. of Ransford 
Avery, late of New London, chose his uncle, Ephraim Avery, 
for his guardian, April 3, 1752 (New London Probate Journal, 

There were other children, for SamueP Avery, the father of 
Ransford Avery, in his will, dated Feb. 22, 1749, said: "I give to 
the children of my son Ransford deceased five shillings to each 

The Fifth Generation 193 

of them and to his son Samuel who now lives with me I give fifty 
pounds money old tenor" (Netv London Wills, F:56). 

110. Martha' Avery (Samuel*, Thomas\ James\ Christo- 
pher^) was mentioned in her father's will; m. Peter Comstock, s. 
of Daniel and Elizabeth (Prentice) Comstock. He was b. March 
4, 1701, at New London; bap. June 8, 1701, First Church of New 
London; d. at sea about 1742. 

April 24, 1737. "a Child of Peter Comstock 's Baptized Ransford, & 1 of 
Daniels son Daniel. Baptized Daniel, the fathers are Brothers, the 
mothers that brot them are Sisters" (Hempstead's Diary, p. 319). 

It has been said that Martha Avery m. 2d, Pelatiah Bliss, 
s. of Samuel and Anne (Elderkin) Bliss, b. Nov. 17, 1697, at Nor- 
wich, but we have not been able to find proof thereof. January 
11, 1743, Martha Comstock was made administrator of the estate 
of Peter Comstock. March 21, 1753, the estate was divided among 
the widow, Martha; sons, Peter, Daniel, Ransford, and Thomas; 
daughters, Elizabeth and Jemima (New London Wills, E:92 & 

Children of Peter and Martha (Avery) Comstock: 

i. Elizabeth*, m. Jonathan Chapel. 

ii. Jemima% bap. April 5, 1724, at Montville; m. Richard Chapel; d. July 
29, 1809, aged 86. 

iii. Peter', b. July 11, 1731, at Montville; m. 1st, Elizabeth Fitch; 2d, Esther 
Merrick; d. April 3, 1803, at Montville. 

iv. Ransford% b. March 6, 1737; m. 1st, Catharine Vibber; 2d, Azuba Davis; 
served under Capt. Lattimore "att the Time of Alarm for Fort Wil- 
liam Henry and parts Adjacent, Aug., 1757" {French and Indian 
War Rolls, 1 :233) . He d. Feb. 8, 1814, at Exeter, N. Y. 

v. Thomas% bap. June 3, 1739, First Church of New London; m. Sarah 
Comstock. He was a captain of militia in Sunderland, Vermont ; 
killed at the Battle of Bennington, Aug. 16, 1777. 

vi. Daniel', b. July, 1742; m. Mary Bishop; d. Jan. 11, 1816, at Shel- 
burne, Vt. 

111. Elizabeth"' Avery [SamueV, Thomas'", James', Christo- 
pher^) was bap. Sept. 16, 1711, First Church of Norwich; m. Dec. 
30, 1731, at New London, Daniel Comstock, s. of Daniel and Eliza- 
beth (Prentice) Comstock. He was b. Sept. 22, 1703, at New 
London; he was the brother of Peter Comstock, who m. Martha 
Avery, No. 110, above. Daniel Comstock made his will, March 
17, 1768, at New London. He mentioned his wife, Elizabeth; son, 

194 The Groton Avery Clan 

Daniel; "my two daughters Prudence Maples and Elizabeth Dar- 
te;" proved April 12, 1768 {New London Wills, H:642). 

Children of Daniel and Elizabeth (Avery) Comstock: 

i. Daniel", bap. April 24, 1737, First Church of New London. 

ii. WiLLlAM% bap. April 29, 1739, First Church of New London. 

iii. Elizabeth% bap. June 21, 1741, First Church of New London; m. 


iv. Prudence*, m. William Maples; d. before 1781, when William Maples 

m. a second wife. 

112. Alethea' Avery {Samuel*, Thomas', James\ Christo- 
pher') was bap. July 25, 1714, First Church of Norwich; m. Dec. 
17, 1729, at Groton, James Allyn, s. of Robert and Deborah 
(Avery) Allyn (No. 10). He was b. Feb. 29, 1700, at Groton. 
In his will, made Dec. 14, 1775, and proved Dec. 22, 1777, he men- 
tioned wife, Alethea; sons, James, Ephraim, David; daus., Alethea 
Spicer, Lois Williams, Sarah Spicer, Lydia Geer, Elizabeth Mor- 
gan, Jerusha Allyn, Hannah Allyn {Stonington Wills, 4:62). 
She d. Feb., 1776; he d. Nov., 1776; both at Ledyard. 

Children of James and Alethea (Avery) Allyn, b. at Groton: 

i. Alethea% b. April 4, 1731; m. Capt. Oliver Spicer. 

ii. Deborah", b. Feb. 18, 1733; d. Jan., 1734. 

iii. Deborah", b. Dec. 23, 1735; d. Feb. 23, 1755, at Groton. 

iv. Lois", b. March 20, 1737; m. Samuel Williams. 

V. James", b. July 17, 1739; m. Ann Stanton; d. Oct. 13, 1825, at Groton 
(Allyn's Point). 

vi. Sarah", b. March 20, 1741; m. Abel Spicer. 

vii. Lydia", b. Jan. 15, 1744; m. Geer. 

viii. Ephraim", b. June 18, 1747; m. Temperance Morgan (No. 82, iii), 
dau. of William and Temperance (Avery) Morgan; m. 2d, her 
sister, Rebecca Morgan Gallop. He d. Dec, 1816, at Groton. 

ix. Elizabeth", b. Nov. 9, 1749; m. Isaac Morgan; d. Sept. 20, 1833, at 
Hartland, Vt. 

X. Jerusha", b. July 5, 1752. 

xi. Hannah", b. Feb. 14, 1755. 

xii. David", b. Oct. 23, 1759; m. Desire Taylor; was a soldier in the Rev'n 
{Collections Conn. Hist. Soc, 8:216); d. March 17, 1841, at Mont- 
gomery, Mass. 

113. Hannah' Avery {SamueV, Thomas\ James', Christo- 
pher') was bap. June 29, 1718, First Church of New London; m. 
May 27, 1731, at Groton, Samuel Allyn, s. of Robert and Deborah 
(Avery) Allyn (No. 10). He was b. May 26, 1704, at Groton; he 

The Fifth Generation 195 

d. Feb. . 1762, at Groton ; the date of her death has not been ascer- 

Children of Samuel and Hannah (Avery) Allyn, b. at Groton: 

i. Hannah", b. Nov. 25, 1732; m. James Lamb. 

ii. Samuel", b. Nov. 21, 1734; m. Mary Wood; served in campaign for 

the relief of Fort William Henry, 1757 {French and Indian War 

Rolls, 1:197); ensign, 1769 {Conn. Col. Rec, 13:239); captain; killed 

Sept. 6, 1781, at Fort Griswold {Conn. Men in the Rev'n, 556, 577). 
iii. Eunices b. March 29, 1737; m. John Wood; d. Feb. 24, 1832, at 

iv. Esther*, b. April 19, 1739; m. Jonathan Ransford Miner (No. 115, i). 

V. Stephen", b. May 3, 1741; m. French. 

vi. Tryal", b. April 14, 1744; m. Mary Morgan; was in 8th reg't of 

miHtia, 1776 {Conn. Men in the Rev'n, 618); d. March, 1814, at 

vii. Thomas", b. Nov. 27, 1746; m. Bathsheba Stoddard; d. April 7, 1828, 

at Ledyard. 
viii. Lucy", b. Jan. 30, 1748; m. Mark Stoddard; d. July 29, 1831, at 

ix. Prudence", b. May 19, 1751; m. Amos Turner; d. Sept. 27, 1834, at 

X. Elizabeth", b. Jan. 13, 1753; m. Richard Smith. 

xi. Deborah", b. May 3, 1755; m. 1st, John Wiley; 2d, Spring. 

xii. Thankful", b. Feb. 14, 1762; m. Amos Turner, nephew of the above 

Amos Turner; d. May 19, 1839, at Groton. 

115. Ann' Avery (Samuel*, Thomas', James'', Christopher') 
was bap. May 22, 1719, First Church of New London; m. April 22, 
1739, at Stonington, Jonathan Miner, s. of Thomas and Hannah 
(Avery) Minor (No. 25). He was b. Feb. 25, 1714, at Stoning- 
ton. Ann, wife of Jonathan Miner, was admitted to the First 
Church of Stonington, Jan. 6, 1740. 

Children of Jonathan and Ann (Avery) Miner, b. at Stoning- 
ton; bap. in the First Church of Stonington: 

i. Jonathan Ransford", b. Feb. 23, 1740; bap. Feb. 24, 1740; m. Esther 
Allyn (No. 113, iv) ; served in the campaigns of 1758 and 1759 
{French and Indian War Rolls, 2:64, 170); d. Dec. 24, 1793, at 
Stephenson, N. Y. 
ii. Elizabeth", b. Nov. 14, 1741; bap. Nov. 15, 1741. 
iii. Christopher", b. Jan. 11, 1744; bap. Jan. 22, 1744; m. Lucy Avery, 
whose parentage has not been ascertained. They had a son, Na- 
than, b. March 4, 1771, at Tolland, Conn., who m. 1st, Dorothy 
Foote; 2d, Affa Worthington. Christopher Miner served in the 
campaign of 1758 {French and Indian War Rolls, 2:61); he d. 
Sept. 24, 1815, at Peru, Mass. ; shed. March 6, 1825, at Peru, aged 81. 

196 The Groton Avery Clan 

iv. Lydia% b. Jan. 15, 1749; bap. May 20, 1750. 

V. Samuel% b. June 27, 1752; bap. Aug. 16, 1752. 

vi. Ephraim", b. Aug. 10, 1754; m. Elizabeth Goodsell; d. April 3, 1813, 

at Windsor, Mass. 
vii. WiLLiAM% b. 1756. 

116. John' Avery (Samuel*, Thomas\ James\ Christopher^) 
was b. Feb. 14, 1723, at Montville; m. March 27, 1745, at Stoning- 
ton, Prudence Miner, dau. of Thomas and Hannah (Avery) Minor 
(No, 25). She was b. Dec. 6, 1719, at Stonington. The date of 
the birth of John' Avery is given as above in accordance with the 
record printed in Sweet's The Averys of Groton, p. 325, but the 
records of the Second Church of the North Parish (Montville) 
show the baptism of a Jonathan, son of Samuel, Jan. 20, 1722-23. 
It is very possible that this Jonathan was identical with John' 
Avery, and that he was b. Feb. 14, 1722, and bap. Jan. 20, 1723. 
He d. Aug. 21, 1790. In his will, dated at Groton, June 30, 1790, 
he mentioned wife, Prudence; sons, John, Amos, and Samuel; 
dau., Hannah. She d. Dec. 8, 1790. In her will, made Sept. 16, 
1790, she mentioned dau., Hannah Avery; son, John and his wife, 
Mary; son, Amos, and his wife, Mary; son, Samuel. 

Children of John and Prudence (Miner) Avery, b. at Groton: 

418. i. John", b. Dec. 23, 1745. 

ii. Prudence", b. Oct. 3, 1747; d. March 20, 1753. 

iii. Lydia% b. Aug. 10, 1749; d. March 8, 1753. 

419. iv. Hannah% b. July 17, 1751. 

420. V. Amos% b. Feb. 1, 1754. 

vi. Lydia", b. July 5, 1756; d. Nov. 19, 1782; unm. 

vii. Samuel", b. July 13, 1759; d. July 25, 1792, at Groton; in his 
will, dated July 16, 1792, he left his property to his brothers, 
John and Amos, and his sister, Hannah Woodworth. 

viii. Thomas", b. Aug. 27, 1761; d. Oct. 30, 1782, at Groton; unm. 

117. Mary' Avery {Samuel\ Thomas', James^, Christopher') 
was b. April 22, 1725, at Montville; bap. Aug. 21, 1725, First 
Church of Montville; m. John Williams, jun., b. July 14, 1714, at 
Groton. He d. Nov. 13, 1798, at Groton; she d. Oct. 5, 1805, at 
Groton. (Family Bible of John Williams) . 

Children of John and Mary (Avery) Williams: 
i. John", b. June 19, 1746. 

ii. RoswELL", b. Jan. 31, 1748 ; d. April 10, 1758, at Groton. 
iii. Christopher", b. March 6, 1750. 
iv. Elizabeth", b. Nov. 24, 1752 ; d. March" 12, 1753, at Groton. 

The Fifth Generation 197 

V. Amos", b. May 19, 1754 ; m. Mabel Newton ; d. June 25, 1838, at 

118. Ephraim' Avery (SamueV, Thomas\ James', Christo- 
pher') was bap. June 25, 1727, First Church of Montville; m. 
Abigail Bill. Various deeds show that he was of Southampton, 
Mass., in 1773; of Montgomery, Mass., 1786. In his will, made 
Jan. 1, 1790, he called himself of Montague, Mass.; mentioned 
wife, Abigail; daus., Elizabeth, wife of William French; Pru- 
dence; wife of Stephen Root; Bathsheba, wife of Peter Bundy; 
sons, Ransford, William, Ephraim, Abel, youngest son, Samuel; 
executors, Jabez Bill of Norwich, and Sylvester Squiers of Mont- 
gomery (Northampton, Mass., Wills, 18:26). He d. April 1, 1792, 
at Montgomery, Mass. ; she d. Dec. 25, 1811, at Montgomery. 

Children of Ephraim and Abigail (Bill) Avery: 

421. i. Ransford*. 

422. ii. Elizabeth". 

423. iii. Prudence'. 

424. iv. WlLLiAM% b. Sept. 2, 1757, at Montgomery, Mass. 

425. V. Ephraim'. 

426. vi. Abel\ 

427. vii. Bathsheba\ 

428. viii. Samuel", b. July 24, 1771. 

119. Jane' Avery (Abraham*, Thomas\ James\ Christopher^) 
was b. Dec. 3, 1727, at Montville; m. James Chappell. 

120. Thomas' Avery (Abraham*, Thomas", James\ Christo- 
pher') wash. Oct. 16, 1730, at Montville; said to havem. 1st, Sarah 
Miner or Sarah Mason, and 2d, Ruth Houghton. August 27, 1757, 
Thomas Avery bought land of his sister, Hannah Avery, North 
Parish, New London, which land she had inherited from her 
mother. This land was by the side of land belonging to her hon- 
ored father, Abraham Avery (Norwich Deeds, 16:188). He d. 
Dec. 15, 1815. 

Children of Thomas and Sarah Avery, b. at Montville: 
i. Samuel', b. Feb. 20, 1763 ; d. unm. 
ii. Hannah% b. Sept. 20, 1764 ; d. unm. 
iii. Thomas', b. March 4, 1767; d. unm. 

429. iv. Sarah', b. Sept. 26, 1769. 

Child of Thomas and Ruth (Houghton) Avery, b. at Mont- 

430. i. Ruth', b. Jan. 23, 1772. 

198 The Groton Avery Clan 

121. Hannah'' Avery (Abraham*, Thomas\ James^, Christo- 
pher') was b. Oct. 31, 1732, at Montville; m. Sept. 1, 1758, as his 
second wife, Daniel Smith, s. of Samuel and Elizabeth Smith. 
He was b. at East Lyme; a farmer. She d. before 1783, when he 
m. his third wife. He d. about 1800, at East Lyme. 

Children of Daniel and Hannah (Avery) Smith, b. at East 
Lyme, Conn.: 

i. Daniel% b. July 30, 1759 ; m. Hannah Wightman ; d. April 7, 1809, at 

East Lyme, 
ii. Betsey% b. Feb. 11, 1761 ; m. Daniel Ayer. 
iii. Hannah', b. June 10, 1763 ; m. David Strong ; d. Nov. 11, 1835, at 

East Hampton, Conn, 
iv. Eunice', b. May 1, 1765 ; d. July 3, 1828 ; unm. 
V. SiMON% b. March 7, 1767 ; m. Mary Burr ; capt. of militia, 1798, second 

company, 33d Conn, reg't ; d. April 22, 1851, at East Lyme, 
vi. RuAMA% b. Feb. 3, 1769 ; m. Lay Ayer ; d. Jan. 3, 1835, at East Lyme. 
vii. Nathan% b. Aug. 21, 1771 ; d. March 24, 1840 ; unm. 

122. Ruth'' Avery (Abraham*, Thomas\ James', Christopher') 
was b. July 1, 1735, at Montville; m. Dec. 4, 1757, at Montville, 
Abel Griswold, s. of Francis and Abigail (Bingham) Griswold. 
He was b. March 12, 1731, at Norwich. She d. Feb. 1, 1772, and 
was buried in the old cemetery at Norwich Town. In his will, 
dated May 22, 1803, Abel Griswold mentioned son, Abel; daus., 
Lucy, wife of Simeon Edgerton; Lydia, wife of Eliab Hyde (Nor- 
wich Wills, 10:343). He d. May 8, 1804, at Norwich. 

Children of Abel and Ruth (Avery) Griswold, b. at Norwich, 
and bap. in First Church of Norwich: 

i. LucY«, b. Sept. 15, 1758 ; d. Aug. 24, 1759, at Norwich. 

ii. Daniel% b. Oct. 26, 1760 ; d. Jan. 14, 1782, at Norwich ; unm. 

iii, Abel% b. Sept. 26, 1762 ; m. Esther . 

iv. LucY% b. Feb. 26, 1765 ; m. Simeon Edgerton. 

V. RUTH% b. May 6, 1767 ; d. July 5, 1770, at Norwich. 

vi. Lydia% b. Oct. 22, 1768 ; m. Eliab Hyde ; d. 1833, at Norwich. 

vii. Francis% b. Sept. 20, 1771 ; d. Jan. 9, 1773, at Norwich. 

123. Jonathan' Avery (Abraham* , Thomas', James\ Christo- 
pher') was b. June 27; 1737, at Montville; m. Dec. 9, 1760, Pre- 
served Smith, dau. of Simon and Dorothy (Beckwith) Smith. 
They lived at East Lyme. Jonathan Avery d. Feb. 7, 1805, at 
East Lyme. May 10, 1810, Preserved Avery, widow, entered into 
a pre-nuptial contract with Noah Beebe (Lyme Deeds, 27:15). 

The Fifth Generation 199 

She d. Feb. 9, 1833, at East Lyme. Jonathan Avery and his wife 
were buried side by side at East Lyme, in the old ' ' Stone Church " 
cemetery. There is nothing on her tombstone to show that she 
was married a second time. 

Child of Jonathan and Preserved (Smith) Avery, b. at East 
Lyme, Conn. : 

431. i. Abraham% b. Sept. 12, 1764. 

124. Nathan' Avery {Abraham*, Thomas', James\ Christo- 
pher') was b. May 6, 1741, at Montville; m. Deborah Thomas, dau. 
of John and Hannah (Spofford) Thomas of Lebanon. She was b. 
April 7, 1739, at Lebanon. The estate of Nathan Avery was pro- 
bated in Windham, Conn., May 5, 1766. April 24, 1771, John 
Thomas of Lebanon, for the "natural love and affection I bear 
my grandson, William Thomas Avery," deeded to his use certain 
lands (Lebanon Land Rec, 14:392). April 29, 1785, at Lebanon, 
William Thomas Avery, only surviving heir of Nathan Avery, de- 
ceased, received £130 from Peleg Thomas, executor, by the hand 
of Capt. Elihu Thomas {Windham County Wills, 12:267). Peleg 
and Elihu Thomas were his uncles. 

Child of Nathan and Deborah (Thomas) Avery, b. at Lebanon: 

432. i. William Thomas", b. Jan. 19, 1764. 

125. Abraham"' Avery {Abraham*, Thomas', James'', Christo- 
pher') was b. July 18, 1744, at Montville; m. Nov. 27, 1771, Re- 
becca Stevens. Her descendants say that she was a granddaughter 
of the Rev. Timothy Stevens of Glastonbury. Abraham Avery 
lived first at Montville, later at Bolton, and finally at Glastonbury. 
He was a member of the church at Montville, and its collector in 
1779. He was a tanner and saddler. She d. Sept. 4, 1792; he d. 
May 24, 1817; both are buried at Glastonbury. 

Children of Abraham and Rebecca (Stevens) Avery: 

William Stevens", b. 1773 ; d. about 1830 ; unm. 
AsHBEL Stevens", b. May 8, 1775, at Montville. 
Nathan", b. Jan. 23, 1777, at Montville. 
Anna", b. June 24, 1780, at Montville. 
Abraham", b. June 22, 1782, at Montville. 
Rebecca", bap. Jan. 3, 1784, at Bolton, Conn. 
Samuel", bap. Jan. 7, 1786, at Bolton. 
Thomas", d. Feb. 14, 1819 ; probably unm. 


















200 The Groton Avery Clan 

126. Lucy' Avery {Joshua*, Thomas\ James', Christopher^) 
was b. Sept. 12, 1728, at Norwich; m. Dec. 24, 1747, at Norwich, 
Rufus Hartshorn, s. of David and Abigail (Hebard) Hartshorn. 
He was b. Sept. 17, 1728, at Norwich. He was in the campaign 
of 1758 (French and Indian War Rolls, 2:66). She d. April 28, 
1780, at Norwich; date of his death is not known. 

Children of Rufus and Lucy (Avery) Hartshorn, b. at Nor- 
wich and bap. at First Church of Norwich: 

i. Joshua", b. Oct. 17, 1748 ; served in second regiment, Conn, line, 1778 

to 1780 {Conn. Men in the Rev'n, pp. 166, 211). 
ii. Anna% b. Aug. 14, 1750 ; m. Thomas Gary. 
iii. Amy', b. July 26, 1752. 
iv. Andrew", b. Jan. 14, 1755; m. Sarah Abbe; was in "Lexington 

Alarm" from Mansfield, Conn.; in the third reg't, Conn, troops, 

1776 {Conn. Men in the Rev'n, pp. 16, 54). He d. Aug. 27, 1809, 

aged 55 years, at Mansfield, Conn. 
V. Beriah", b. Jan. 1, 1757; served in Capt. Mott's company, Conn, troops, 

1776 {Conn. Men in the Rev'n, p. 617). 
vi. RUFUS% b. Sept. 28, 1759. 
vii. LucY% b. Sept. 19, 1761. 
viii. Ezra', b. April 18, 1763. 

ix. Jerusha", b. March 1, 1765 ; m. Jeremiah Capron. 
X. David", b. Nov. 14, 1767 ; died young. 
xi. Deborah', b. March 2, 1770 ; died young. 

138. Elizabeth^ Avery {Jonathan*, Thomas', James*, Christo- 
pher^) was b. Jan. 7, 1725, at Norwich; bap. July 4, 1725, First 
Church of Norwich; m. Nov. 15, 1766, at Norwich, William Arm- 
strong, s. of Joseph and Lydia (Worth) Armstrong. He was b. 
Oct. 12, 1718, at Norwich. January 1, 1783, Jonathan Avery (No. 
142) deeded land which came to him from his deceased sister, 
Elizabeth Armstrong {Norwich Deeds, 24:214). She probably left 
no children. 

139. Hannah' Avery {Jonathan*, Thomas\ James', Christo- 
pher^) was b. Oct. 1, 1727; bap. in First Church of Norwich; m. 
March 26, 1744, Benjamin Brooks of Norwich. July 29, 1746, Jona- 
than Avery deeded certain land to his daughter, Hannah and her 
husband, Benjamin Brooks; January 7, 1750, Benjamin Brooks 
deeded back to Jonathan Avery the land that he had given to 
Hannah, his daughter, deceased, the wife of Benjamin Brooks; 
Jonathan Avery then deeded this land to his beloved grand- 

The Fifth Generation 201 

daughter, Eunice, child of his daughter, Hannah Brooks (Nor- 
ivich Deeds, 10:50. 420). 

A Benjamin Brooks served in the war from May to Dec, 
1755; also from April to Dec, 1756; also in the campaigns of 1759 
and 1760 {French and Indian War Rolls, 1:69, 70 & 2:127, 136, 
194). Hannah, wife of Benjamin Brooks, d. June 5, 1748, at 

Children of Benjamin and Hannah (Avery) Brooks: 

i. Eunice", bap. Feb. 3, 1745, First Church of Norwich. 

ii. Phineas", bap. Jan. 31, 1748, First Church of Norwich. 

140. Charles' Avery (Jonathan*, Thomas\ James\ Christo- 
pher') was b. March 30, 1730, at Norwich; bap. April 12, 1730, 
First Church of Norwich; m. April 5, 1750, at Norwich, Abigail 
Post, dau. of Nathaniel and Abigail (Burchard) Post. She was b. 
April 1, 1733, at Norwich. Jonathan Avery deeded land to his 
beloved son, Charles, at Norwich, July 8, 1752, and May 15, 1760 
(Norwich Deeds, 12:4, & 15:195). Charles' Avery d. April 3, 1774, 
at Norwich. In his will, made Jan. 5 and proved April 20, 1774, 
he mentioned wife, Abigail; sons, Charles, Stephen, Simeon, 
Samuel, Daniel, Elijah; daus., Abigail, Hannah, Elizabeth, Ruth 
(Norwich Wills, 5:65). His widow m. David Hawley and the 
family moved to Brandon, Vermont. February 27, 1788, Simeon 
Avery, Hannah Cross, Ruth Avery, Daniel Avery, all of Brandon, 
Vermont, sold to Abigail Avery, of Brandon, land in Norwich, 
Conn., that was "our honored Dadda Charles Avery's" (Nor- 
wich Deeds, 27:97). 

Children of Charles and Abigail (Post) Avery, b. at Norwich: 

i. Hannah% b. Jan. 25, 1751 ; d. May 26, 1755. 

450. ii. J0HN% b. Oct. 9, 1752. 

451. iii. Charles% b. Aug. 16, 1754. 

452. iv. Stephen% b. July 17, 1756. 

453. V. Abigail% b. Dec. 7, 1758. 

454. vi. SlMEON% b. Sept. 17, 1759. 

455. vii. Hannah% b. May 26, 1761. 

viii. Samuel% b. Feb. 4, 1763 ; d. at Kingston, Jamaica ; unm. 

456. ix. Elizabeth", b. Oct. 8, 1764. 

457. X. Ruth", b. June 26, 1766. 

458. xi. Daniel", b. March 26, 1768. 

459. xii. Elijah", b. June 17, 1770. 

xiii. Jesse", b. Oct. 10, 1772 ; d. May 25, 1773, at Norwich. 

141. Elisha' Avery (Jonathan*, Thomas', James', Christo- 
pher') was b. April 8, 1735, at Norwich; bap. April 13, 1735, 

202 The Groton Avery Clan 

First Church of Norwich; m. Nov. 13, 1754, at Scotland, Conn., 
Sarah Manning, dau. of John and Abigail (Winship) Manning. 
She was b. Oct. 28, 1737, at Windham, Conn. August 14, 1757, 
Jonathan Avery deeded to beloved son, Elisha, the land on which 
Elisha was then living {Norwich Deeds, 13:432). The date of 
Elisha's death is unknown. His widow m. Dec. 11, 1765, at Nor- 
wich, Stephen Gifford. She d. Oct. 20, 1825, at Norwich. 

Children of Elisha and Sarah (Manning) Avery, b. at Nor- 

460. i. Sarah Manning", b. Sept. 20, 1755. 

461. ii. Elisha", b. Dec. 30, 1756. 

142. Jonathan Avery {Jonathan* , Thomas', James', Christo- 
pher^) was b. June 6, 1743, at Norwich; bap. June 12, 1743, First 
Church of Norwich. According to Mr. Sweet's record in The 
Averys of Groton, he m. a Mary Gardner, supposed to be the dau. 
of Oliver Gardner, but we can find no other proof of such a mar- 
riage. A Jonathan Avery m. Aug. 25, 1761, at Norwich, Jerusha 
Davis. January 1, 1783, Jonathan Avery, Jr., called himself of 
"Susquehannah, in the county of Westmoreland, state of Con- 
necticut" {Norwich Deeds, 24:214). His name often appears on 
the rate bills of Wilkesbarre, Penn. , in 1776, 1777, where he seems 
to have had a large property. The record of his children is very 

Children of Jonathan Avery: 























144. Lucy' Avery {Jonathan*, Thomas\ James', Christo- 
pher') was b. July 16, 1755, at Norwich; bap, Aug. 31, 1755, 
First Church of Norwich; m. Oct. 15, 1780, at Lisbon, Conn., 
Charles Gilkey. March 5, 1782, Jonathan Avery deeded land to 
his dau. Lucy and her husband, Charles Gilkey {Norwich Deeds, 
24:167). He also mentioned his son-in-law, Charles Gilkey, in his 
will, July 29, 1783. Capt. Charles Gilkey served in the Revolu- 
tionary war, 1776 {Conn. Men in the Rev'n, p. 174). 

The Fifth Generation 203 

Children of Charles and Lucy (Avery) Gilkey, b. at Lisbon: 

i. Jonathan", b. Feb. 1, 1782. 

ii. William' , b. April 17, 1783. 

iii. Charles', b. May 29, 1785. 

iv. John", b. Nov. 24, 1787. 

V. James'", b. Sept. 14, 1790. 

145. David' Avery (Jonathan*, Thomas\ James', Christo- 
pher') was b. Dec. 27, 1757, at Norwich; bap. July 30, 1758, First 
Church of Norwich; m. Jan. 11, 1781, at Lisbon. Conn., Sarah 
Palmer, dau. of John and Elizabeth (Bottom) Palmer. May 24, 
1780, his father, Jonathan Avery, deeded him land in Norwich; 
Feb. 27, 1778, he bought of Abigail Avery, widow of his brother, 
Charles, house and lands in Canterbury (Norivich Deeds, 24:164 & 
27:98). David' Avery moved to East Hamilton, Madison county, 
N. Y., where he died. 

Children of David and Sarah (Palmer) Avery: 




Guerdon% b. Sept. 5, 1793, at Lisbon, Conn. 

LucY% b. Aug. 10, 1795, at New Lebanon, N. Y. 


Charles% b. Sept. 12, 1802, at Hamilton, N. Y. 

Palmer% d. unm. 

146. Uriah'' Avery (Jonathan*, Thomas\ James'' , Christopher^) 
wash. Aug. 23, 1760, at Norwich; bap. Nov. 2, 1760, First Church of 
Norwich; m. Jan. 28, 1783, at Lebanon, Conn., Sybil Little. Sept. 
4, 1790, Uriah Avery of Hampton deeded to David Avery of Can- 
terbury, land that he had of his honored father, Jonathan Avery. 
The census report of that year showed that his family consisted 
of six persons besides himself, but we have not been able to get 
any further information on this subject. Feb. 11, 1834, he was 
Kving at Norwich, Chenango County, N. Y., from which place he 
applied for a pension which was allowed. He was in the battle of 
White Plains; served on the ship ''Warren" that cruised to the 
West Indies and took two prizes (Application for Pension, No. 32, 
627, Inv.). 

There was a Uriah Avery in the French and Indian war, 1756, 
who has not been identified. 
















204 The Groton Avery Clan 

147. Olive' Avery {Jonathan^, Thomas\ James', Christopher^) 
was bap. May 29, 1763, First Church of Norwich; m. Asahel Adams, 
s. of Phineas and Susannah (Woodward) Adams. He was b. Sept. 
13, 1754, at Canterbury. Asahel Adams of Canterbury, and David 
Avery of Brooklyn, executors of the estate of Jonathan Avery, 
late of Norwich, now Lisbon, sold land belonging to the estate, 
July 24, 1796 (Lisbon Deeds, 1 :442) . Asahel Adams went on the 
"Lexington Alarm;" enlisted in the Revolutionary army. May 5, 
1777, from Canterbury; was discharged May 5, 1780 (Conn. Men in 
the Rev'n, pp. 19, 220). He was Excellent Scribe of the Franklin 
Chapter of Royal Arch Masons, Norwich, Conn., 1801. He moved 
to Ohio in 1802. His wife d. April 21, 1813, at Liberty, Ohio; he 
d. there May 25, 1825. 

Children of Asahel and Olive (Avery) Adams, b. at Canter- 

i. Betsey', b. Dec. 22, 1780; m. Camden Cleaveland; d. Aug. 15, 1867, at 
Warren, 0. 

ii. David Augustus", b. Feb. 10, 1784; m. Nancy Tylee; d. Oct. 3, 1855. 

iii. Asahel", b. July 9, 1786; m. Lucy Mygatt; d. Oct. 9, 1852. 

iv. Frances Ursula", b. July 9, 1789; m. Joseph Coit. 

V. Susan", b. Sept. 5, 1791; m. 1st, John Patterson; 2d, Warham Gates; 
d. Jan. 8, 1871, at Mesopotamia, 0. 

vi. Mason", b. March 24, 1793; a soldier of 1812; d. April 11, 1813, at Lib- 
erty, 0. 

vii. Olive", b. April 5, 1795; d. April .11, 1813, at Liberty, O. 

viii. Jay", b. June 30, 1797; m. Sarah Simmons; d. Nov. 28, 1848, at Liber- 
ty, Ohio. 

ix. Adaline", b. Feb. 24, 1799; m. George Hapgood; d. Oct. 26, 1871. 

160. Samuel' Avery (Isaac*, Thomas\ James', Christopher^) 

had a daughter, Lydia, who m. Josiah Denison and lived in West 

Stafford, Conn., we know nothing more of him. 

Child of Samuel Avery: 
486. i. Lydia". 

161. Elizabeth^ Avery (Isaac*, Thomas\ James', Christopher^) 
m. Oct. 27, 1757, Samuel Caulkins. On this date, Joshua Hemp- 
stead wrote in his diary: 

"I was att home foren & towd night I rid out with Isaac Avery to his 
House & Married his Daughter Elizabeth to Samll Caulking the Adopted 
son of Samuel Williams." 

Samuel Caulkins was probably the son of Thomas and Mary (Rog- 
ers) Caulkins, bap. March 26, 1739, First Church of New London. 

The Fifth Generation 205 

He probably served in Capt. Lattimore's company, in the French 
and Indian war, 1757 {French and Indian War Rolls, 2:233). 
Children of Samuel and Elizabeth (Avery) Caulkins: 

i. ISAAC^ 

ii. Elizabeth*. 

162. Daniel' Avery (Isaac\ Thomas', James', Christopher') 
was b. April 19, 1748; m. Feb. 5, 1775, at Tolland, Conn., Thank- 
ful Benton, dau. of Samuel and Jane (Bradley) Benton of Tolland. 
She was b. Aug. 22, 1752, at Tolland. He was a farmer and lived 
and died at West Stafford. She d. Oct. 4, 1824, at West Stafford; 
he d. April 24, 1831. 

Children of Daniel and Thankful (Benton) Avery, b. at West 

Charles% b. Nov. 12, 1775. 

Henry% b. Aug. 25, 1777. 

Charlotte% b. Dec. 26, 1779. 

LoviNA% b. Sept. 6, 1781. 

Elihu Benton% b. Nov. 26, 1784. 

SoPHiA% b. Aug. 31, 1787; d. Oct. 29, 1791. 

AZUBA% b. Feb. 6, 1790. 

LiLLY% b. Nov. 22, 1793. 

163. Abigrail' Avery (Isaac*, Thomas\ James', Christopher') 
m. Jonah Bradley. He was a farmer of Tolland and West Staf- 
ford. He d. March 19, 1825; she d. Nov. 24, 1837, both at West 

Child of Jonah and Abigail (Avery) Bradley: 
i. Sallie". 

174. John' Avery (John*, John', James\ Christopher') was b. 
May 14, 1706, at Groton; m. Lydia Smith, dau. of Nehemiah and 
Dorothy (Wheeler) Smith, and sister of James Avery's wife, Eliz- 
abeth (No. 53). She was b. Jan. 24, 1712-13, at Groton. She in- 
herited land from her father's estate, April 14, 1737. John Avery 
and his wife were in full communion with the First Church of 
Groton, Nov. 22, 1727. He later moved to Franklin, Conn. , where 
he died. He made a will, April 15, 1762; it was proved at Nor- 
wich, Feb. 4, 1766. He mentioned wife, Lydia; sons, John, Jabez, 
Amos, Nathan, Nehemiah, David, Roswell; daus., Lydia Gager 
and Sarah Avery (Norwich Wills, 3:326). 


































206 The Groton Avery Clan 

Children of John and Lydia (Smith) Avery: 

Amos", d. at 3 mo. of age of whooping cough, unchristened {The 

David Avery ms. ) . 
JoHN% bap. Jan. 2, 1731, First Church of Groton. 
Jabez% bap. April 14, 1734, First Church of Groton. 
Amos% bap. April 18, 1736, First Church of Groton. 
Lydia", bap. July 23, 1738, First Church of Colchester. 
Nathan% b. Nov. 22, 1737. 


David", b. April 5, 1746. 
RoswELL", b. Dec. 17, 1748. 

175. Sarah' Avery {John\ John'', James', Christopher^ ) was b. 
Oct. 10, 1713, at Groton; m. 1st, Jan. 10, 1734, Beebe Denison, s. of 
Daniel and Mary (Stanton) Denison. He was b. Jan. 27, 1708-9, 
and d. March 24, 1745, at Stonington. She m. 2d, Oct. 18, 1752, 
Benadam Denison, s. of William and Mercy (Gallop) Denison. He 
was b. Feb. 6, 1721; d. before Oct., 1762, at which time, in her 
father's will, Sarah is called his widow. 

Children of Beebe and Sarah (Avery) Denison, b. at Stoning- 

i. Mary', b. Jan. 24, 1735; m. William Hilliard. 
ii. Daniel", b. Feb. 9, 1737; died young, 
iii. Sarah", b. Sept. 11, 1739; m. William Latham. 

iv. Daniel", b. Nov. 9, 1742; m. Dorothy Denison; d. Jan. 17, 1808, at Ston- 

176. Abigail Avery {John\ John\ James', Christopher^) was 
b. Dec. 25, 1715, at Groton ; m. John Denison, s. of Daniel and 
Mary (Stanton) Denison. He was b. Oct. 21, 1716, at Stonington; 
d. March 18, 1808, aged 92 {David Avery ms.). The date of her 
death is not known. 

Children of John and Abigail (Avery) Denison, b. at Stoning- 

i. Abigail", m. Zebulon Elliot. 
ii. Desire", d. Dec. 2, 1824, aged 82; unm. 
iii. Avery". 

iv. Anna", m. Nehemiah Avery (No. 510). 
V. Lucy", d. May 1, 1812, aged 64; unm. 
vi. Mary", m. Stephen Avery (No. 304). 

vii. Sarah", b. May 2, 1752; m. John Baldwin; d. June 19, 1813, at Ston- 

The Fifth Generation 207 

viii. Nathan", m. Elizabeth Conklin. 
ix. Julia", m. Pierre LaRoche. 

X. Andrew% b. Dec. 3, 1761; m. Sally Williams; d. March 25, 1813, at 
Burlington, Vermont. 

178. William' Avery {John*, John', James', Christopher^) was 
b. April 1, 1726, at Groton; m. Dec. 4, 1746, at Stonington, Phebe 
Denison, dau. of Daniel and Mary (Stanton) Denison. She was 
b. April 24, 1723, at Stonington. He d. Oct. 26, 1805, at Groton 
{David Avery 7ns.). She d. July 11, 1807, at Groton. No children. 

180. George' Avery {John\ John\ James-, Christopher^) was 
bap. March 20, 1737, First Church of Groton; m. March 29, 1758, 
at Groton, Eunice Avery, dau. of Christopher and Eunice (Pren- 
tice) Avery (No. 331). She was b. Dec. 19, 1739, at Groton. John 
Avery deeded land to his dutiful son, George Avery, Sept. 19, 1758 
{Groton Deeds, 4:217). George ' Avery held an interest in the Wy- 
oming company, Dec. 6, 1754. He was in Abel Spicer's company, 
1775; in Isaac Gallop's company, 1776; in the first regiment of Conn, 
line, 1777, and served three years {Conn. Men in the Rev'n, pp. 
77, 100, 148). He d. Feb. 16, 1785, at Groton; his widow d. Dec. 
28, 1807, at Groton; buried in the Avery-Morgan burying-ground. 

Children of George and Eunice (Avery) Avery, b. at Groton: 

George", b. April 24, 1759. 

Christopher", b. Sept. 6, 1760; killed at Fort Griswold; unm. 
William", b. Jan. 26, 1764. 
Eunice", b. Sept. 25, 1767. 
Abel", b. April 2, 1769. 
Phebe", b. Dec. 25, 1771. 
John", b. Oct. 22. 1774. 
viii. Cyrus", b. March 23, 1778. 
Sarah", b. Nov. 14, 1781. 

181. Nathaniel' Avery {Nathaniel', John\ James', Christo- 
pher^) m. Mary Wickwire, dau. of Christopher and Elizabeth 
(Swaddle) Wickwire. She was bap. Sept. 21, 1724, First Church 
of Montville. Christopher Wickwire of Groton, in a will made Feb. 
10, 1746, mentioned his daughter, Mary, wife of Nathaniel Avery 
of Lyme. Nathaniel Avery owned much land in Lyme, on Walnut 
Hill, as many deeds show. He d. before Dec. 27, 1756, at which 
time Nathaniel ' Avery gave bonds for the administration of his 
estate {Neiv London Wills, G:87). His widow m. a man by the 


















208 The Groton Avery Clan 

name of Stocker. Sanford Avery sold to Jesse Beckwith, Sept. 9, 
1775, land that had been set out to his honored mother, Mary 
Stocker, as her third of the estate of his honored father, Nathan- 
iel Avery; Elisha Avery and Nathan Avery deeded land in the 
same way to the same person {Lyme Deeds, 13:279, 340). The 
names of the children have been determined by the settlement of 
the estate. 

Children of Nathaniel and Mary (Wickwire) Avery: 

522. i. Elisha\ 

523. ii. Sanford\ 

524. iii. Nathan\ 

525. iv. ANN^ 

526. V. Margery', b. Jan. 11, 1757. 

182. William'' Avery (Nathaniel'^, John\ James', Christopher'^) 
m. Mary . In his will, made July 16, 1761, he called him- 
self of Lyme; mentioned wife, Mary; sons, John, William, Daniel, 
Silvanus; daus., Betsey, Temperance, Anne. His widow m. 2d, a 
Dailey {Lyme Deeds, 16:423-5). 

Children of John and Mary Avery: 






















185. Andrew- Avery {Nathaniel*, John\ James', Christopher^) 

was bap. April 16, 1732, First Church of Groton; m. Martha . 

He served in the French and Indian War, 1755, and 1758 {French 
and Indian War Rolls, 1:41 & 2:61). A powder-horn, marked 
"Andrew Avery, his horn. Lake Georg, 1758," was in the posses- 
sion of his grandson, Josiah Avery, a hundred years later. His 
will, made Sept. 19, 1774, was proved at New London, Nov. 8, 
1774 {Neiv London Wills, 1:374). In it he mentioned wife, Martha, 
and the children named below. After his death, the family moved 
to Corinth, Vermont. 

Children of Andrew and Martha Avery: 

543. i. Amos". 

544. ii. Nathaniel", b. May, 1764, at Lyme. 

545. iii. Abigail". 

The Fifth Generation 209 

546. iv. Andrew". 

547. V. Christopher", b. Oct. 15, 1773. 

186. Amos' Avery {NatlimiicV, J ohn-^, James'-, Christopher^) 
m. Phebe Crocker, dau. of John and Jerusha (Larrabee) Crocker. 
She was b. Feb. 16, 1741-2, at Montville. Amos Avery of Lyme, 
and wife, Phebe, deeded to "our honored mother," Jerusha 
Johnson. April 15, 1765, land that came to them from their 
"honored father," John Crocker (Neiv London Deeds). Amos" 
Avery made a will May 25, 1789, that was witnessed by Sylvanus 
Avery, and proved Sept. 13, 1790 (New London Court Journal, 
7:131). He mentioned wife, Phebe, and children named in the 
order given below. 

Children of Amos and Phebe (Crocker) Avery: 








Amos", b. Feb. 18, 1781, at Lyme, Conn 
















187. Desire'^ Avery (Nathaniel*, John'\ James'-, Christopher'^) 
m. John Whitney (see her father's will). 

188. Ann^ Avery (Nathaniel*, John^, James-, Christopher^) 
m. Jan., 1759, at Lyme, Thomas Merrill (Lyme Records, 1:101). 
She d. Feb. 27, 1760, at Lyme. 

Child of Thomas and Ann (Avery) Merrill, b. at Lyme: 

i. Amos", b. Feb. 18, 1760. 

191. Jerusha^ Avery (Joseph*. Johw% James", Christopher^) 
m. March 8, 1731, at Stonington, Ezekiel Harrington, s. of Peter 
and Abiah Yarrington. He was bap. March 25, 1704-5, at Bev- 
erly, Mass. Ezekiel Yarrington, with his mother, Abiah, admin- 
istered the estate of Peter Yarrington, Dec. 15, 1725. He was in 
Capt. Robert Denison's company in the campaign of 1755 ; was in 
Johnson's fight of Sept. 8 (French and Indian War Rolls, 1:10). 
He made a will July 2, 1759 ; proved Dec. 3, 1759. He mentioned 
wife, Jerusha ; sons, Amos and Joseph ; grandson, Ezekiel, s. of 

210 The Groton Avery Clan 

son, Ezekiel, deceased; dau., Desire, wife of Benjamin Thatcher. 
Lebanon ; dans., Laiirej^ Jerusha, Deborah, and Phebe. 

Children of Ezekiel and Jerusha (Avery) Yarrington, b. at 
Stonington : 

Desire'', b. April 6, 1732; m. Benjamin Thatcher of Lebanon, 
i. Ezekiel', b. Oct. 20, 1733; d. before 1759. 
ii. Laurey", b. Aug. 7, 1735. 

V. Jerusha'', b. Dec. 10, 1737; m. Daniel Peck of Lyme. 
V. Amos", b. Oct. 27, 1740. 
vi. Joseph", b. March 10, 1743; m. Lucy Leffingwell, dau. of Jonathan 

and Lucy (Avery) Leffingwell (No. 86, iv) ; 2d, Anna (Witter) 

Park, widow of Jonathan Park, 
vii. Deborah'', b. May 10, 1746. 
viii. Phebe", b. April 8, 1748. 

192. Richardson'^ Avery {Williani\ JoJm', James", Christo- 
pher^) was b. Jan. 25, 1718, at Stonington; bap. May 25, 1718, 
First Church of Stonington ; m. Nov. 3, 1740, at Stonington, Sarah 
Plumb, dau. of Samuel Plumb. About 1770, he removed to the 
Wyoming Valley of Pennsylvania. In the battle that preceded 
the massacre of July 3, 1778, he, with many others, sought refuge 
in Forty Fort, where they were imprisoned several days. After 
their escape, they walked to Connecticut, nearly two hundred 
miles. His name appears on the rate-bills of Wilkesbarre, Penn., 
in 1776, 1777. His will was dated Feb. 11, 1784 ; probated Feb. 3, 
1786, at Stonington {Sto7iington Wills, 5:26). He mentioned 
wife, Sarah ; sons, Samuel, Richardson, Christopher ; daus., Anna 
Gore, Catherine Brown, Elizabeth Gore. 

Children of Richardson and Sarah (Plumb) Avery, born at 
Stonington : 

Samuel'', b. Feb. 11, 1741. 

Richardson", b. Oct. 6, 1742. 

Anna", b. Dec. 18, 1744. 

SARAH^ b. Aug. 19, 1747. 

Prudence", b. May 13, 1751. 

Catherine", b. Feb. 12, 1754. 

Elizabeth", b. July 31, 1756. 
viii. Christopher", b. Nov. 6, 1758; served in the Revolutionary 
war, under Capt. Williams, Col. Webb's reg't, from 1781 to 
close of war; drew a pension; went to Sheshequin, Penn., 
where he d. May 3, 1830 ; unm. 















The Fifth Generation 211 

193. William'^ Avery {William\ Jo1m'^, James'-, Christopher^) 
was bap. April 5, 1724, First Church of Stonington ; m. Dec. 13, 
1750, at Stonington, Abigail (Avery) Williams (No. 204), dau. 
of EHsha and Elizabeth (Babcock) Avery, and the widow of 
Henry Williams. She was b. July 26, 1720, at Stonington. 

Children of William and Abigail (Avery) Avery, b, at Ston- 
ington : 

568. i. William*' (David Avery ms.) . 

569. ii. Mary', b. May 25, 1753. 

570. iii. Abigail", b. Aug. 17, 1755. 

571. iv. Elias" {David Avery ms.) . 

194. Anne'^ Avery (William*, John^, James", Christopher') 
was b. April 5, 1721, at Stonington; bap. April 5, 1724, First 
Church of Stonington; m. March 6, 1740, at Stonington, Oliver 
Babcock, s. of James and Sarah (Vose) Babcock. He was b. 
July 27, 1720, at Stonington ; was a farmer ; was in the campaign 
of 1759 {Frc7ich and Indian War Rolls, 2 :167, 173) . He d. Sept. 
25, 1771, at Stonington ; she d. Feb. 7, 1803, at Stonington. 

Children of Oliver and Anne (Avery) Babcock, b. at Ston- 
ington : 

i. Oliver", b. Jan. 22, 1741; m. Mercy Keeney; was a lieutenant in the 
Revolution (Conn. Meyi in the Rev'n, pp. 73, 99, 122) ; d. Jan. 25, 
1777, at Stonington. 

ii. Joshua", b. June 25, 1743; m. Elizabeth Palmer; d. Oct. 1, 1810, at 

iii. Nana', b. July 15, 1745; m. Sanford Langworthy; 2d, Anthony 
Rhodes; d. Oct. 12, 1839. 

iv. William", b. March 19, 1747; m. Lucretia Davis; d. Sept. 21, 1829, 
at Chatham, N. Y. 

V. RuFUS", b. Sept. 10, 1748; died young. 

vi. Gershom", b. Nov. 9, 1752; m. Chloe Davis. 

vii. Altana", b. Jan. 14, 1755; m. John Langworthy; d. April 7, 1840, 
at Stonington. 

viii. Christopher", b. Jan. 26, 1757; m. Polly Benedict; was a surgeon 
in the Revolution (Conn. Men in the Rev'n, p. 143); d. in the 
army, Nov. 2, 1780. 

ix. Elizabeth", b. Jan. 15, 1759; m. John Foote; d. April 10, 1832. 

X. Daniel", b. Aug. 5, 1762; m. Content Potter; lived at Hopkinton, 
R. I.; justice of the peace, 46 years; representative; state sena- 
tor, 9 years; judge of county court, 8 years; deacon of the Bap- 
tist church, 50 years; d. Sept. 18, 1846. 












212 The Groton Avery Clan 

195. John' Avery (William*, John^, James-, Christopher^) 
was b. April 29, 1727, at Stonington ; m. Feb. 9, 1757, at Stoning- 
ton,Anna Miner, dau. of Samuel and Elizabeth (Brown) Miner. 
She was b. June 26, 1735, at Stonington. John"' Avery was in 
Robert Denison's company, at Crown Point, 1775; was in John- 
son's fight, Sept. 8, 1755, where his brother Christopher was 
killed ; was serg't in the campaign of 1756, in Ebenezer Billings's 
company (French and Indian War Rolls, 1 :10, 107) . He d. Sept. 
11, 1815, at Stonington. 

Children of John and Anna (Miner) Avery, b. at Stonington : 
Anna", b. Nov., 1757; d. Feb. 10, 1759. 

Anna", b. Nov. 9, 1760; m. Sparks (?). 

John', b. .July 2, 1762. 
Robert', b. March 5, 1765. 
Daniel', b. April 23, 1767. 
Betsey', b. Oct. 31, 1769. 

196. Amos'' Avery (William*, John^, James-, Christopher^) 
was b. Jan. 30, 1732-3, at Stonington ; bap. Sept. 23, 1733, Second 
Church of Stonington; m. Patience Sparhawk(Z)ai"/f/Ave7'i/ ms.), 
dau. of Simeon and Borodel (Stanton) Sparhawk. He served in 
Col. Christopher Avery's (No. 47) reg't, for the relief of Fort 
William Henry, 1757 (French and Indian War Rolls, 1 :232) . He 
d. before Nov. 2, 1768. 

Children of Amos and Patience (Sparhawk) Avery: 

577. i. Borodel', bap. Aug. 1, 1762, First Church of Stonington. 

578. ii. Amos' (David Avery ms.) . 

197. Elias^ Avery (William*, John^, James", Christopher'^) 
was b. July 5, 1736, at Stonington; m. Mary Miner (David 
Avery ms.) . "He was an ensign under Major Rogers and was 
killed near Misiski Bay, up near Colerain" (David Avery ms.) . 
Major Robert Rogers spoke of Ensign Avery in a letter dated 
Nov, 5, 1759. Ensign Avery was with him when he reconnoitered 
the Indian town of St. Francis, and at Cohase Intervales. They 
expected to find provisions at Misisquey Bay. Elias Avery is 
spoken of as being "of Fitches" (Rogers's Journal, F. B. Hough, 
editor, p. 141). 

New York regiment. Eliezer Fitch, major. Three companies were allowed 
by the Conn, general assembly to be enlisted in Conn., "on the pay and 
encouragement" of New York, to be commanded by their own com- 

The Fifth Generation 213 

pany officers and in a regiment having a Conn, major. Elias Avery 
was in Capt. John Shxpp's company, May, 1755. They were sent to 
the northward of Albany to remove encroachments on his Majestie's 
lands. In Col. Phineas Lyman's regiment, raised in 1757, and sent to 
the northward of Albany, was Sei'g't Elias Avery. In Col. Eliezer 
Fitch's reg't, in the campaigns of 1758 and 1759, was Ensign Elias 
Avery (Frotcli and Indian War Rolls, 1:190 & 2:71, 166. See also 
Pavkman's Mont calni and Wolfe, 2:255; Avery's History of the United 
States and Its People, 4: chap. 13; and Benadam Gallop, No. 80, supra.) 

198. Abigail^ Avery (Williavi*, John'\ James'-, Christopher'^) 
was b. April 25, 1746, at Stonington; m. March 23, 1766, at Ston- 
ington, Elijah Jones, s. of Elijah and Mary (Main) Jones. He 
was b. March 2, 1737, at Stonington. Elizabeth Sinkler, Stoning- 
ton, made a will Feb. 1, 1774, that had the following: 

"I give and bequeath to Abigail Jones, youngest daughter of Mrs. Elijah 
Jones, and granddaughter of the widow Sarah Avery of Stonington, 
second society, my blue persian gown to be to her for her own." 
(Stonington Wills, 2:123). 

Elijah Jones served as private in the campaign of 1756, under 
Capt. Ebenezer Billings {Frcyich and Indian War Rolls, 1:107). 
Abigail Avery Jones died before 1774, as Elijah Jones married a 
second wife, Deborah York, that year (Stonington Records). 

Children of Elijah and Abigail (Avery) Jones, b. at Ston- 
ington : 

i. Prudence", b. March 18, 1767. 
ii. Abigail", b. Feb. 28, 1770. 

200. 'Nathaniel'^ Avery ( William*, John", James-, Christopher^ ) 
was b. Aug. 28, 1751, at Stonington ; m. Oct. 14, 1781, Desire 
Clark. She d. Dec. 24, 1782, at Leyden, Mass., without children. 
He m. 2d, Oct. 12, 1783, at Leyden, Anna Littlefield. She was 
the mother of all his children ; she d. July 26, 1815, at Leyden. 
He m. 3d, Feb. 29, 1816, at Leyden, Amy Denison, dau. of David 
and Keziah (Smith) Denison. Nathaniel^ Avery was corporal in 
the third company from Stonington, Samuel H. Parson's reg't, 
1775; was a pensioner living in Leyden, Mass., 1818 {Co7in. Men 
in the Rev'n, pp. 74, 640). He d. Aug. 30, 1839, at Leyden; his 
widow d. March 24, 1858, at Leyden. 

Children of Nathaniel and Anna (Littlefield) Avery, b. at 
Leyden, Mass. : 












214 The Groton Avery Clan 

James", b. July 6, 1784. 

Josiah', b. March 10, 1786; d. May 1, 1869, at Leyden; unm. 

Desire", b. March 5, 1788. 

Daniel", b. Nov. 16, 1790. 

Sarah", b. May 6, 1794. 

Nathaniel", b. Jan. 18, 1797; d. Nov. 3, 1871, at Leyden; unm. 

Nancy", b. June 6, 1800; d. Jan. 22, 1808, at Leyden. 

201. Abraham'^ Avery {William\ John--, James'-, Christo- 
pher^) was b. May 20, 1754, at Stonington; m. about 1780, at 
Guilford, Vermont, Mercy Packer, dau. of Ichabod and Esther 
(Burrows) Packer. She was bap. July 5, 1761, First Church of 

Abraham' Avery was a blacksmith and armorer, July 1, 
1775, he enlisted at Stonington, as a corporal in the company com- 
manded by Nathan Hale, Washington's martyr spy, a part of the 
seventh Connecticut regiment, Col. Charles Webb. After a few 
weeks' service on the Sound, they marched to Boston, where they 
were assigned to General Sullivan's brigade on Winter Hill. He 
was discharged Dec. 18, at Cambridge. January 1, 1776, he en- 
listed at Stonington in the Continental line, Capt. James Eldridge, 
Col. S. H. Parson's regiment. When he reached Boston, he was 
transferred to a company of artificers under Capt. Bacon. After 
the British evacuated Boston, the artificers went to New London 
and took shipping to New York. Here the armorers were reor- 
ganized under Capt. John Hilliard. Soon after the lieutenants of 
this company were sent to the Northern army and, thereafter, 
Abraham Avery, being orderly sergeant, acted as lieutenant. They 
were at King's Yards until the Americans left Long Island, when 
they went to White Plains and afterwards to Peekskill, where 
Abraham Avery was discharged at the end of his term of service. 
He returned to Stonington and, December, 1778, went to Boston 
and enlisted as gunsmith on the brig "Eagle," a privateer under 
Capt. Elijah Luce, commissioned by Massachusetts. The brig 
sailed to Surinam, thence to the West Indies, where. May 1, 1779, 
they captured a British sloop. The same day they were, after a 
fight of an hour and a half, captured by the tender of a British 
50-gun ship, commanded by Admiral Young. They were taken 
to Antigua, where Abraham Avery and ten of his companions 
were transferred to the "Renown," another British war-ship of 

The Fifth Generation 215 

fifty guns, and obliged to aid in working the vessel. They con- 
voyed a sugar fleet to the British Channel and then sailed to New 
York, where Abraham Avery and his companions petitioned to be 
placed on the prison ship, preferring confinement to forced ser- 
vice against their country. After much sufi'ering in the fever- 
stricken hulk as it floated at its moorings in the North River (the 
Hudson), they were finally paroled. Abraham Avery reached 
home in a starving state and without hat or shoes or clothing 
suflJicient to cover his nakedness. He soon moved to Guilford, 

During the Revolutionary war, the territory now known as 
Vermont was claimed by the state of New York. In 1777, many 
of the settlers in that region were in favor of organizing a new 
state. A convention adopted a declaration of the rights and inde- 
pendence of what had been called the New Hampshire Grants, 
and proclaimed the commonwealth of "New Connecticut, alias 
Vermont." Congress was petitioned that New Connecticut might 
be ranked "among the free and independent American States 
and delegates therefrom admitted to seats in the grand Conti- 
nental Congress." New York took measures to bring the disaf- 
fected back to their allegiance and to secure congressional inter- 
ference in her behalf. Meantime, there were many in the 
"Grants" who were favorable to the government of New York. 
"In Brattleborough they were more numerous than the Vermont 
adherents, and were not afraid to act as their convictions dic- 
tated." Thus sprang up two factions, the "Vermonters" and 
the "Yorkers." By 1783, there was, especially in Windham 
County, a condition of mutual terror and distrust. 

"Houses were divided — the father upholding the jurisdiction of New 
York, the sons maintaining the supremacy of Vermont. Friendships 
the most intimate were disturbed. The word neighbor carried no 
meaning with it beyond the idea of contiguity. The physician could 
not visit his patient in safety unless protected with a pass. The min- 
ister of the gospel failed to enforce the doctrine of Christian charity 
on the hearts of men who knew none for one another." 

In Guilford, the Yorkers held the power and prevented the 
Vermonters from executing their laws and collecting taxes. 
The new government took active measures that tended only to 
unite the opposition in their determination to withstandthe execu- 
tion of laws originating in an authority that they did not acknowl- 

216 The Groton Avery Clan 

edge, and to follow such a course as seemed to them best fitted 
"to promote the interests of New York and of the United States." 

In Hall's History of Eastern Vermont (page 505), is told the 
story of the capture of a staunch Vermonter by the name of Ben- 
jamin Carpenter, He was carried away by the Yorkers, "to his 
great damage," but lived many years thereafter and left a quaint 
epitaph to declare to the coming generation that his "Stature 
was about six feet. Weight 200. Death had no terror." The 
most prominent actors in this seizure were Abraham Avery, Cyril 
Carpenter, Nathaniel Carpenter [and others], all of Guilford. 
The seizure was made Dec. 1, 1783. In the following February, 
twenty-five of the Yorkers were arraigned at the bar of the 
sup*erior court. Abraham Avery was among the number. He 
pleaded not guilty and the case against him seems to have been 
dismissed upon payment of the costs. 

There were many indictments on account of the current hos- 
tilities, and many of the Yorkers in the southern part of Wind- 
ham County endured countless inconveniences and losses. In 
1786, the New York legislature took action on the subject of the 
sufferings of their friends who, led partly by the resolutions of 
congress, and especially those of December 5, 1782, and "by 
their attachment, zeal and activity in endeavoring to support the 
just and lawful authority of New York," had brought upon them- 
selves confiscations and imprisonments, and had suffered "such 
exquisite tortures." It was shown that their losses amounted 
to £16,663, 13s., 8d., and it was deemed proper for the state 
to grant them "a quantity of vacant land equivalent to a town- 
ship of eight miles square." The land was divided into one 
hundred lots of 640 acres each. Lot No. 50 was appropriated 
to the use of "Gospel and Schools," and lot No. 51 "For pro- 
moting Literature." Lot No. 87 was given to Abraham Avery 
and William Gault, the former receiving 430 acres. The grant 
was dated July 11, 1786. At the same time, 214 acres in lot No. 
62 was granted to Ichabod Packer, and 132 acres in lot No. 42 to 
Nathan Avery. 

April 29,1783, Abraham"' Avery was elected one of the assess- 
ors of Guilford. In 1784, he sold his house and blacksmith shop 
in Guilford to Nathaniel Avery and moved to Colerain, Massachu- 
setts. May 11, 1798, a committee reported on the building of a 
bridge in Colerain, over the North River "just below Abraham 

The Fifth Generation 217 

Avery's." The man who built the bridge was to have the worth 
of £15, lawful money ; one barrel of new rum by June 15, "bought 
as cheap as they can at Greenfield," and the rest in grain or suit- 
able neat stock. 

About 1800, Abraham Avery settled on the land given him by 
the state of New York, two and a half miles from Preston, Che- 
nango County, on the Norwich road. Here he lived for many 
3'ears, an influential and well-to-do farmer. He was ensign of the 
company of light infantry, Jeremiah Butts, captain, 1804. 

October 16, 1818, he was placed on the pension roll for mili- 
tary service, but was dropped May 1, 1820, under the act that 
debarred those having more than three hundred dollars worth of 
property. He was reinstated under the act of June 1, 1832. 
The accompanying facsimile of his autograph is copied from his 

application for a 

Jl y J ^^ pension, now on 

^^^m^tZ^^ZM^ LMH^HJ^^ fil^ ^" the "Old 

War and Navy 

Ofl^ce" of the 
Pension Bureau 
at Washington. He moved to Earlville, Madison County, about 
1840, and died there in February, 1843, about six months after 
the death of his wife. 

He was a tall man, with a large frame, grey eyes, and hair 
that he wore pompadour and that was thick even in his old age. 
He was well informed, a great student of the Bible, and a devoted 
Baptist. His descendants honor and revere him. 

Children of Abraham and Mercy (Packer) Avery: 
Elias Packer', b. Aug. 16, 1781, at Guilford, Vt. 
Hubbard Burrows", b. Dec. 29, 1784, at Colerain, Mass. 
Amos Walker", b. May 24, 1787, at Colerain. 
Ichabod Denison", m. late in life; wife unknown; no children. 
Abigail', died unm. 

Elisha^ Avery {ElisJia\ John\ James'-, Christopher^) 
was b. March 30, 1717, at Stonington ; m. Jan. 20, 1742, at Ston- 
ington, Rebecca Miner, dau. of Samuel and Elizabeth (Brown) 
Miner, and sister of Anna Miner who m. John Avery (No. 195). 
She was b. Aug. 18, 1720, at Stonington. The family is supposed 
to have moved to New York state. 














ington : 









218 The Groton Avery Clan 

Children of Elisha and Rebecca (Miner) Avery, b. at Ston- 

Elisha'', b. Jan. 7, 1743. 
Joseph'', b. April 13, 1747. 
Rebecca', b. Sept. 20, 1752. 
Samuel", b. March 20, 1755. 

204. Abigail^ Avery (Elisha\ John-\ James'-, Christopher^) 
was b. July 26, 1720, at Stonington ; m. Nov. 3, 1738, at Stoning- 
ton, Henry Williams. He d. before Dec. 13, 1750, at which time 
she m. William Avery (No. 193). 

Children of Henry and Abigail (Avery) Williams, b. at Ston- 
ington : 

i. Desire", b. Feb. 9, 1740. 

ii. Avery", b. July 19, 1741. 

iii. Elizabeth", b. Nov. 10, 1743. 

iv. Henry", b. Nov. 21, 1745. This may be the Henry Williams who 
was preaching in Guilford, Vermont, 1779. He was a violent 
Yorker and left Guilford. He later preached in Leverett, Mass. 
His son, Avery, b. in Guilford, was of Dartmouth College, 1804. 

206. Joseph^ Avery {Daniel*, John', James'-, Christopher'^) 
m. Mary Honeywell, dau. of Gilbert and Mary Honeywell. The 
line is given as recorded here for the following reasons : 

(1) Daniel Avery, son of John, lived at Oyster Bay, Long 
Island; had a son, Joseph, who moved to East Chester, West- 
chester County, N. Y. {David Avery ms.) . 

(2) Joshua Townsend, Oyster Bay, Long Island, made a 
will Jan. 4, 1742, that was witnessed by Joseph Avery {New 
York Wills, 18:376). 

(3) Gilbert Honeywell, Westchester Borough, Westchester 
County, N. Y., in a will made April 23, 1764, and proved April 23, 
1776, mentioned wife, Mary; son, Gilbert; daus., Elizabeth and 
Mary ; Mary, wife of Joseph Avery ; Thaddeus and Alpheus, sons 
of Joseph Avery {Calendar of Wills, Albany, N. Y.). 

(4) Tradition in the family of the descendants of Thad- 
deus Avery. 

Children of Joseph and Mary (Honeywell) Avery: 

600. i. Thaddeus", b. Oct. 30, 1749. 

601. ii. Alpheus". 

The Fifth Generation 219 

227. Lucy' Avery {Christopher^ Samuel'-, James'-, Christo- 
pher') was b. April 13, 1722, at Groton; m. Jan. 13, 1742, at 
Groton, Peter Bulkley, s.of the Rev. John and Patience (Prentice) 
Bulkley {David Avenj ms.) . He was b. Nov. 21, 1712, at Groton. 
Christopher^ Avery, in his will, dated Nov. 3, 1767, mentioned his 
grandchildren, Peter, William, and Lucy Bulkley, children of his 
daughter, Lucy, deceased {Sfoningto7i Wills, 1:34). She d. Aug. 
21, 1754 ; Peter Bulkley married a second wife and d. after 1761. 

Children of Peter and Lucy (Avery) Bulkley, b. at Groton: 
i. Peter", b. Feb. 4, 1744; m. Hannah Breed, 
ii. William". 
iii. Lucy'', m. John Breed. 

228. William' Avery {Christopher^ SamueP, James', Chris- 
topher') was b. Nov. 25, 1724, at Groton; m. Sept. 16, 1761, at 
Groton, Mary Dolbeare, dau. of George and Mary (Sharswood) 
Dolbeare. She was b. Aug. 19, 1740, at New London. A stone 
in the Starr cemetery, Groton, has the following: "In Memory 
of Mrs. Mary, wife of William Avery, Esq., who departed this 
hfe, Oct. 4, A. D., 1774, in the 33d year of her age." William 
Avery m. 2d, March 16, 1775, at Groton, Hannah Walsworth, dau. 
of Paul and Sarah (Goodrich) Woodbridge, and widow of Sam- 
uel Walsworth. She was b. March 19, 1743, at Groton. William'' 
Avery was town clerk and treasurer of Groton from Jan. 27, 
1768, until his death in 1787. During the Revolution he served 
on many war committees. The following are copies of documents 
found on the town-books in his hand writing: 

"At a town meeting legally warned and held in Groton on Monday the 
20th day of June, 1774, William Williams, Esq., moderator. 

"This Town taking into their Sereous consideration the Dangerous Situ- 
ation of the British Colonies in North America Respecting Sundry 
late Acts of the Brittish Parliament Particularly those for Shutting 
up the Port of Boston the metropolis of the Province of the Massa- 
chusetts Bay and abridging their Chai'ter Rights &c which if carried 
into Execution not only Deprive us of all our Privileges but Render 
life and property very precarious; and as we esteem the Inhabitants 
of Boston now suffering under the Tyranny of said Acts of Parlia- 
ment and in the common cause of America — 

"Voted That we will join with the other Towns in the colony in Such 
Reasonable measures as shall be judged best for the General Good 
and most likely to obtain Redress of our Greviances. 

"Voted That we esteem a General Congress of all the Colonies the only 

220 The Groton Avery Clan 

Probable meathod to adopt a uniform Plan for the Preservation of 
the whole — 

"Voted That if it shall be judged best by said Congress to stop all Ex- 
ports to Great Britain and the West India Islands, and imports from 
thence, we will most chearfully acqiuese in their Determination 
Estimating the Benefits Arising therefrom mear Triffles compared 
with the Rights and Privileges of America — 

"Voted That Capt. William Ledyard, Thomas Mumford, Benadam Gal- 
lop, Esq., Amos Prentice, Messrs. Charles Eldridge, Jr., Dea. John 
Hurlburt and Amos Geer be a committee to correspond with the sev- 
eral Towns of this and the other Brittish Colonies — 

"Voted That the above Resolves be published in the New London Ga- 

In the following December, the town held another meeting, 
with this result : 

"Dec. 12, 1774. The inhabitants of this town being sensible that a strict 
adherence and observance of all the Resolves of the Continental Con- 
gress held at Philadelphia in September last is of the most Import- 
ance for the preservation of American Rights and Liberties to effect 
which agreeable to the 11th article of said Congress Association 
Agreement they chose the following Gentlemen Committee of Inspec- 
tion for that purpose therein contained." 

The committee consisted of fourteen, among whom were 
William Avery, the town clerk, David Avery, and Ebenezer 
Avery (Toum Minutes) . 

September 21, 1779, William' Avery was chosen to represent 
the town at a general convention to be held at Hartford. He was 
also on a committee that year to obtain soldiers for the town's 
quota. In 1780, he was one of the committee to raise a bounty 
for the soldiers. He was also on a committee to see if Groton 
possessed any public lands that could be sold for that purpose. 
In 1781, he and four others were appointed to assess the estates 
of the town and to raise 198 pounds, "solid money," for bounties 
for the soldiers. 

On a stone in the Starr cemetery is the following: 

"This monument, sacred to the memory of William Avery, 
Esq., who departed this life. May 4, A Dom., 1787, in the 
63rd year of his age. 

The Fifth Generation 221 

The wise, the just, the pious and the brave. 
Live in their death and flourish in their grave, 
Grain laid in eai'th repays the pleasant care. 
And evening suns but set to rise more fair." 

His widow, Mrs. Hannah Avery, m. 3d, Peter Avery (No. 
263) . She d. Apr. 13, 1831, at Groton. 

Children of William and Mary (Dolbeare) Avery, b. at Gro- 
ton : 

610. i. George Dolbeare', b. Aug. 19, 1763. 

611. ii. MARY^ b. Nov. 23, 1764. 

iii. Abigail", b. Aug. 21, 1766; d. July 8, 1768. 

612. iv. Hannah", b. July 20, 1772. 

613. V. Samuel'', b. May 12, 1774. 

Child of William and Hannah (Woodbridge) Avery, b. at 
Groton : 

614. i. Sarah", b. Jan. 16, 1776. 

229. Susannah ^ Avery (Chiistopher*, Samuel^, James-, Chris- 
topher') was b. Oct. 14, 1728, at Groton ; bap. Nov. 17,1728, First 
Church of Groton; m. Dec. 28, 1749, at Groton, Oliver Woodbridge, 
s. of Ephriam and Hannah (Morgan) Woodbridge. He was b. 
Dec. 3, 1723, at Groton. She d. Jan. 4, 1767-8, at Groton. 

Children of Oliver and Susannah (Avery) Woodbridge, b. at 
Groton : 

i. Henry", b. Oct. 25, 1750; m. Michael ; killed at Fort Griswold, 

Sept. 6, 1781. 

ii. Lucy", b. April 14, 1753. 

iii. Christopher", b. July 4, 1756; m. Sarah ; killed at Fort Gris- 
wold, Sept. 6, 1781. 

iv. Mary", b. Sept. 20, 1760. 

V. Oliver", b. Sept. 3, 1763. 

230. Deborah^ Avery (Christopher*, Samuel^, James-, Chris- 
topher^) was b. June 5, 1731, at Groton; bap. July 11, 1731, First 
Church of Groton ; m. July 25, 1752, at Groton, Jasper Latham, s. 
of Jasper and Abigail Latham. He was lieutenant, first company, 
eighth regiment, 1754; captain, fifth company, 1757 (Co7in. Col. 
Rec, 10:264, 316 & 11 :69). In a will made Aug. 14, 1797, and 
proved Feb, 4, 1798-9, he mentioned wife, Deborah ; dau., Rebecca; 
sons, Amos and George; children of deceased son, Jasper (Ston- 
ington Wills, 6:115). He d. Jan. 11, 1798, in his 85th year; she 
d. July 3, 1808 {Tombstones in Starr burying-ground) . 

222 The Groton Avery Clan 

Children of Jasper and Deborah (Avery) Latham, b. at 
Groton : 

i. Mary", b. July 7, 1753. 

ii. Jasper', b. Aug. 30, 1755; m. Lydia ; d. May 4, 1789, at Groton. 

iii. Amos'', b. July 16, 1759. 

iv. Deborah", b. Feb. 24, 1762. 

V. Lucy", bap. Sept. 16, 1765, First Church of Groton. 

vi. Rebecca', b. Sept. 26, 1766. 

vii. George'', b. Nov. 6, 1769; m. Rebecca Babcock; d. Oct. 30, 1849, at 

viii. Hannah'', b. Oct. 6, 1774; d. Aug. 4, 1797, at Groton; unm. 

231. Margaret'^ Averv (Christopher*, Samuel^-, James-, Chris- 
topher') was b. March 12, 1738, at Groton; bap. April 29, 1739, 
First Church of Groton; m. Jan. 14, 1760, at Groton, David Lester, 
son of Jonathan and Deborah (Allyn) Lester (No. 10, ii ; David 
Avery ms.) . He was bap. Nov. 7, 1736, First Church of Groton. 

She d. Feb. 19, 1771, at Groton. He m. 2d. Elizabeth . In 

February, 1776, the court appointed William Avery guardian of 
Christopher Lester; Thomas Lester guardian of Peter Lester; 
Mrs. Jasper Latham guardian of Margaret Lester, minor children 
of David Lester, lately deceased (Stonington Probate Records). 

Children of David and Margaret (Avery) Lester, b. at Gro- 
ton : 

i. Daniel", b. Sept. 15, 1760. 

ii. Christopher", b. Sept. 10, 1763; m. Mary Fish. 

iii. Margaret", b. Oct. 23, 1765. 

iv. Peter", b. Sept. 25, 1767. 

232. Rebecca' Avery {Christopher*, Samuel'^, James-, Chris- 
topher') was b. Dec. 24, 1741, at Groton; bap. March 21, 1742, 
First Church of Groton; m. Jan. 4, 1764, at Preston, Nathan 
Lester, s. of John and Mary (Herrick) Lester (David Avery ms.) . 
He was b. Sept. 8, 1743, at Preston. Christopher Avery, in a will 
dated Nov. 3, 1767, mentioned his daughter, Rebecca, wife of 
Nathan Lester. She d. March 17, 1771, at Preston. He m. 2d, 
Elizabeth Averill. 

Child of Nathan and Rebecca (Avery) Lester, b. at Preston: 
i. Mary', b. Jan. 29, 1768. 

233. Humphrey' Avery (Humphrey*, Samuel'', James-, Chris- 
topher') was b. March 10, 1725, at Groton; m. July 19, 1745, at 
Groton, Mary Baldwin, dau. of Sylvester and Elizabeth (Avery) 

The Fifth Generation 223 

Baldwin (No. 29, ii). She was b. Sept. 14, 1726, at Groton ; d. 
April 11, 1759. Humphrey Avery, by the purchase of four lottery 
tickets, came into possession of Pine Neck, Swan Creek Neck, 
Short Neck, and a lot called No. 15, all in Winthrop's Patent, 
Long Island. These lots were some of the prizes in his father's 
lottery, an account of which appears on page 156. The drawing 
was conducted by sworn officials appointed by the commissioners 
of New York. Later, Humphrey Avery purchased more of the 
land in Winthrop's Patent, the last deed bearing date of Aug. 15, 
1789 (Siilfolk Deeds, B:352, 385). Many of the original deeds 
are in the possession of Charles W. Avery (No. 6549) , Patchogue, 
L. L, a descendant. 

Humphrey"' Avery was one of the proprietors of Chiswick, 
N. H., in 1764. He was also a member of the Susquehanna land 
company. February 23, 1772, he and associates petitioned New 
York for 23,000 acres of land between Lake Champlain and the 
Connecticut River {NewYorkLandPapers, 30:142). In Septem- 
ber, 1774, the commissioners of the New York land office granted 
to him and his associates 28,000 acres of land. They conveyed 
this land to Samuel Avery (No. 236), September 29. 

Humphrey' Avery, in his will made Sept. 9, 1789, called him- 
self of Brookhaven, Long Island. He bequeathed to his eldest 
son, Thomas Avery, one half of his lands, meadows and buildings 
at Pine Neck; to his fourth son, Roger, the other half; to his 
second son, Humphrey, he bequeathed his lands, meadows, and 
buildings, at Blue Point; to these three sons, he also gave his 
dwelling house, grist-mill, saw-mill, and all his lands in Win- 
throp's Patent not otherwise disposed of and all his lands else- 
where, to be equally divided among them ; his son, Nathan, 
"being in a state of lunacy," was to be cared for by his brothers ; 
he gave to his eldest daughter, Mary Avery, a silver tankard and 
a hundred and twenty pounds in lawful money ; his second 
daughter, Susanna Avery, was to have a hundred and twenty 
pounds on her marriage. The will was proved Jan. 29, 1790. It 
is recorded at Smithtown, Suffolk County, Long Island. 

The record of the children as given below was furnished by 
Charles Z. Gillette, Sayville, L. I., and Charles W. Avery, Pat- 
chogue, L. I., descendants. 

Children of Humphrey and Mary (Baldwin) Avery, b. at 
Brookhaven, Long Island : 













224 The Groton Avery Clan 

Thomas'', b. July 15, 1746. 

Mary', b. April 19, 1748; m. Amos Avery (No. 420). 

Humphrey", b. July 12, 1750. 

Nathan'"', b. Oct. 24, 1751; d. after 1789, unm. 

Sylvester", b. June 3, 1753; d. Oct. 10, 1753. 

Roger", b. April 2, 1755. 

Susanna", b. July 22, 1758. 

234. William-^ Avery (Humphrey*, Samuel^, James-, Christo- 
pher^) was b. Sept. 13, 1726, at Groton; m. Sept. 27, 1749, at 
Preston, Hannah Meech, dau. of Daniel andAmy (Wilcox) Meech. 
She was b. Sept. 3, 1730, at North Stonington. She was called 
Hannah Avery in her father's will. William^ Avery probably 
moved to Vermont. He was one of the grantees of Lempster, 
1761 ; of Chiswick, 1764 ; of Lisbon, 1764, all of New Hampshire. 
He was one of the proprietors of the Susquehanna land company. 
The Rev. David Avery, in his manuscript, said that William 
Avery, son of Humphrey Avery, married Jerusha Meech and had 
Cynthia, Jerusha, William, and Humphrey. The Preston records 
and Daniel Meech's will say that her name was Hannah. Family 
tradition says that Elisha w^as the son of William Avery, but we 
have no documentary proof. William' Avery is supposed to have 
gone with his son, William^ to North Stukeley, Canada. He was 
accidentally drowned in the winter of 1800. 

Children of William and Hannah (Meech) Avery: 



Cynthia", b. Dec. 12, 1750, at Preston. 









Elisha". b. July, 1761. 



William", b. Oct. 8, 1770, at Brattleboro 


235. Solomon^ Avery (Humphrey*, Samuel", James'-, Christo- 
pher^) was b. June 17, 1729, at Groton; bap. July 27, 1729, First 
Church of Groton; m. Feb. 18, 1751, atGroton, Hannah Punderson, 
dau. of the Rev. Ebenezer and Hannah (Miner) Punderson, and 
great-granddaughter of Hannah Avery (No, 3) . She was b. June 
16, 1733, at Groton. Solomon Avery was one of the grantees of 
Chiswick, N. H., and one of the proprietors of the Susquehanna 
land company. The Boston Gazette and County Journal, July 
27, 1778, contained a letter from Mr. Samuel Avery, of July 15, 
1778, "giving the disagreeable intelligence brought by Mr. Solo- 
mon Avery this moment returned from Wyoming on the Sus- 

The Fifth Generation 


quehanna River, which says 'the infoimant conceives that of 
about five thousand inhabitants one half are killed and taken by 
the enemy prisoneis and the others fleeing away naked and dis- 
tressed !' " (Winsor's Narrative and Critical History of America, 
6:662). April 25, 1780, Solomon Avery, Richardson Avery, and 
other inhabitants of Wilkesbarre, Penn., asked for help to build a 


J ^1 


" T 


fort and for arms and ammunition "In the name and in behalf of 
themselves and the Rest of the People that are driven from their 
settlements at Westmoreland on the Susquehanna River by the 
savages" {Western Land Documents, Hartford, 1:118). July 
11, 1783, Solomon Avery wrote from Groton to his brother. Col. 
Waightstill Avery of North Carolina, telling him of the battle of 

















226 The Groton Avery Clan 

Groton Heights, Sept. 6, 1781. He says: "Eleven Averys were 
killed in the fort at Groton and seven wounded. Many Averys 
have been killed in this county, but there have been no Tories 
among them of our name." The letter is in the possession of a 
descendant of Waightstill Avery. 

Solomon"' Avery's wife d. Feb. 5, 1775, at Norwich, Conn.; 
he d. Dec. 23, 1798, at Putnam township (Tunkhannock), 
Luzerne County, Penn. 

Children of Solomon and Hannah (Punderson) Avery: 

Zipporah", b. Feb. 8, 1752, at Preston. 

Esther', b. Nov. 29, 1754, at New Haven. 

Solomon', b. Aug. 13, 1757, at Norwich. 

Miles', b. Sept, 5, 1760, at Norwich. 

Stephen', b. Aug. 13, 1762, at Groton. 

Ebenezer Punderson', b. May 21, 1765, at Groton, 

Henry', b. May 4, 1767, at Groton. 
viii. Cyrus', b. May 12, 1771, at Norwich, 
ix. Humphrey', b. Jan. 17, 1775, at Norwich; d. Feb. 8, 1776. 

236. Samuel'^ Avery (Humphrey^ Samuel^, James-, Christo- 
pher^) was b. Oct. 17, 1731, at Groton; m. Sybil Noyes, dau. of 
William and Sybil (Whiting) Noyes. She was b. Nov. 19, 1745, 
at Groton. She was a descendant of Gov. William Bradford, of 
John Alden, and of Thomas Rogers of the "Mayflower" {Records 
of New YorkMayfloiver Society) . SamueP Avery and Sybil Noyes 
were married before Nov., 1761, at which time Sybil Avery 
owned a share in the Susquehanna land company. After her 
death, SamueP Avery m. Mary Ann Rose, dau. of Joseph Rose. 
Samuel Avery was in Capt. Robert Denison's company in the 
campaign of 1755 ; in Seth King's company, first Connecticut reg't, 
1762 (French and Indian War Rolls, 1 :10 & 2 :318) . He was edu- 
cated for a lawyer. He emigrated to Vermont where he thought 
that he had acquired a large tract of land. Col. John Henry 
Lydius, an Indian trader, had bought 14,000 square miles of land 
of the Mohawk Indians in 1739. This was confirmed to him by 
Gov. Shirley of Massachusetts, in 1744. He sold to Samuel Avery 
and his associates, two townships, one of 28,000 acres lying north 
of Otter Creek, and the other of 24,000 acres lying south of the 
same. Samuel Avery had great difficulty in maintaining his 
claim. In 1772, he and his associates petitioned the New York 

The Fifth Generation 227 

government to confirm their grant. After much delay and ex- 
pense, letters patent were issued to them, Aug. 16, 1774 {New 
York Land Papers, 30:142 & 60:129). But they had reckoned 
without the new and growing power of Vermont, in the terri- 
tory of which the land was situated. When first presented, 
Vermont refused to allow the claim. February 16, 1781, Samuel 
Avery of Windsor, "a friend to this and the United States of 
America," petitioned the general assembly of Vermont, setting 
forth the difficulties under which he had labored and humbly 
asking that they would confirm him in the tract above described. 

The petition did not avail ; nor was it until 1789 that he was 
able to secure the passage of a resolution granting him 52,000 
acres of "unlocated land to be found therein for such moderate 
fees as shall be deemed just and equitable." He had to take the 
land in parcels wherever he could find it. The largest tract 
was in Orleans County and contained 11,080 acres; the next 
was in Essex County and contained 10,685 acres of mountain- 
ous land. He located 9,723 acres in Franklin County; 8,744 
in Addison County; 5,970 in Chittenden County; 2,936 in Cal- 
edonia County, and 1,318 in Windham County {New Hampshire 
State Papers, 26:617 et seq.). Some of these lands he lost by 
"squatter sovereignty;" he never received anything like an 
adequate return for the time, labor, anxiety, and cash that they 
had cost. 

SamueP Avery served in Capt. John Petty's company, Col. 
Williams's regiment of Vermont militia in 1777 {Vermont Revo- 
lutionary Rolls, 36) . He was living in Cumberland County, Ver- 
mont, in 1780 ; was deputy-sheriff and keeper of the jail at West* 
minster in 1782 and 1784, when certain Cumberland men were 

228 The Groton Avery Clan 

indicted for riotous resistance to Vermont authority {Governor 
and Council, Vermont, 3:239). 

About 1795, SamueP Avery emigrated to the Susquehanna 
Valley, near Athens. He had long been interested in this region ; 
we find his name on the list of proprietors of the company claim- 
ing lands in the Wyoming country, Aug. 28, 1761. 

He frequentlj^ visited the Wyoming region. However, he 
was living in Norwich, Conn., Oct. 12, 1779, when he deeded to 
the "sons of my father — Humphrey, William, Solomon, James, 
Palmes, Waitstill, Isaac," a family burial-lot "for my father's 
descendants forever." Already were buried there his father and 
mother, his wife, Sybil, his brother Solomon's wife, and others of 
the family. 

About 1796, he began improvements on his extensive estate 
in the Susquehanna region, but was soon in litigation with those 
who claimed from the heirs of William Penn. In the end, he 
lost heavily. In 1802, he was one of a committee to settle the 
difficulties between Pennsylvania and the Connecticut land com- 
panies. He reviewed the whole matter in a pamphlet, entitled : 
"The Susquehanna Contr^ovei'sy Examined. The Material Ob- 
jections against the Connecticut Title or Claim Ansivered. With 
some general reaso7iing on the whole matter. Done with Truth 
and Candor. Blessed are the Peacemakers." 

In 1793, he offered the state of New York two shillings an 
acre for 20,000 acres of land between Lake Champlain and 
Wood's Creek ; 3s. an acre for 5,000 acres of land west of the 
Delaware and joining the Pennsylvania line; 3s. an acre for a 
township ten miles square north of the Mohawk line (Neiv York 
State Papers, 56 :40) . 

About 1802, he moved to Owego, New York, purchased much 
land, Imilt an elegant mansion, and at his death was one of the 
most wealthy and popular men in the state. He d. Aug. 4, 1806, 
at Owego. 

Child of Samuel and Sybil (Noyes) Avery: 

634. i. Sybil Noyes'. 

Children of Samuel and Mary Ann (Rose) Avery: 

635. i. Samuel William", b. June 28, 1779. 
ii. Mary Ann', b. May 4, 1781; d. unm. 

The Fifth Generation 229 

636. iii. John Humphrey", b. Nov. 4, 1782. 

637. iv, Frances', b. Sept. 9, 1785, at Westminster, Vt. 

638. V. Susan', b. March 31, 1787. 

639. vi. Isabella", b. June 24, 1789. 

237. James'^ Avery {Humphrey*, Samuel^, James-, Christo- 
pher^) was b. Aug. 13, 1733, at Groton; m. Nov. 13, 1769, at 
Plainfield, Conn,, Martha Smith, dau. of a brother of Luther 
Smith, of Plainfield {David Avery ms.) . He was one of the 
grantees of Chiswick, Lisbon, LanderofF, and Lincoln, all in New 
Hampshire. He purchased the rights of the other charter mem- 
bers of Chiswick and sold them for five hundred pounds, March 
13, 1769, to Israel Morey and Moses Little {History of Littleton, 
N. H., 1 :155) . He was also one of the proprietors of the Susque- 
hanna land company. He d. Feb. 22, 1794, at Poquetannock, 
Conn., and is buried in the ground given by his brother, Samuel, 
as a burial lot for the descendants of his father. 

Children of James and Martha (Smith) Avery: 

i. Lemuel', b. Dec. 16, 1770; d. May 22, 1796, at Grenada, West 
Martha', b. Aug. 22, 1773. 
James', b. April 19, 1776. 
Christopher', b. Sept. 5, 1778. 
Jerusha', b. March 16, 1781. 
Benjamin', b. Nov. 16, 1783. 

John Humphrey', b. Dec. 2, 1787; d. at sea; unm. 
645. viii. Henry Clinton', b. Nov. 11, 1790. 

239. Christopher'^ Avery {Humphrey^ SamueP, James^, 
Christopher'^) was b. May 3, 1739, at Groton. With his brothers, 
he was a grantee of Chiswick and of Lisbon, N. H., in 1764 ; he 
was one of the proprietors of the Susquehanna land company. 
His name is found on the list of "Yankee Prisoners" taken by the 
Pennsylvanians in 1774. He moved to the Wyoming Valley as 
early as 1769 ; was sent thence as a delegate to the Connecticut 
legislature in 1769 and 1774. He was in the government em- 
ployment in 1775, as is shown by the following pass : 

"To whom it may concern: 

The bearer, Christopher Avery, is employed by the Continental Congress 
on business of importance, and is journeying in the protection of the 
Barriers and is to have free range to Wyoming, on the East branch 
of the Susquehanna River, and must not be hindered or molested. 












230 The Groton Avery Clan 

but all persons are requested to afford him every assistance he may 
need and forward him on his journey as quickly as possible. 
Given under my hand at Philadelphia, this 5th day of November, 1775. 

John Hancock, President." 

On June 1, 1778, he was commissioned by Governor Trumbull as 
justice of the peace for the county of Westmoreland, Connecticut 
(Pennsylvania). He was an ensign in the Continental army. 
June 30, 1778, a body of British troops and seven hundred Indians 
entered the Valley of the Wyoming, and demanded the surrender 
of Forty Fort, the principal fortification. After a desperate bat- 
tle, the fort surrendered; some of the survivors were massacred 
and most of the others were forced to flee from the valley. 
Among the killed (July 3, 1778) was Christopher^ Avery. See 
Avery's History of the United States and Its Peo2)ie,vol.6,chap.8. 

240. WaightstilF Avery (Humphrey*, Samuel^, James^, 
Christopher^) was b. May 10, 1741, at Groton; m. October 3, 
1778, at Newbern, N. C, Mrs. Leah Francks, dau. of Capt. Yel- 
verton Peyton Probart of Snow Hill, Maryland, a nephew of Sir 
Willam Peyton and a captain in the British navy. She was the 
widow of Edward Francks. 

Waightstill Avery was one of the grantees of Littleton, 
N. H., Nov. 17, 1764. He and his brother, Isaac, were prepared for 
college by the Rev. Samuel Seabury, a native of Groton. At his 
graduation by Princeton College in 1766, he was awarded high 
honor in his class and delivered a Latin salutatory. He soon went 
to Maryland where he studied law with Littleton Dennis, and 
then removed to North Carolina, taking with him letters to 
her most prominent men. About this time he changed the 
spelling of his name from Waitstill to Waightstill. He was 
admitted to practice in that colony, Feb. 4, 1769, lived at Salis- 
bury a year, and then went to Charlotte where he soon acquired 
friends and rapid promotion. In 1772, he was a member of the 
provincial assembly and was soon made attorney-general for the 
crown. He was active in encouraging education and literature, 
and was a devoted friend to liberty. In the dubious and danger- 
ous conflict with the mother 

i^aiuijttdZaO (Zutny country, he was a leader of the 
' '*'*'»^ ^ •w-i^.^ ^ — ^ X ]3q1(J spirits m the patriotic 

county of Mecklenburg. In May, 

Q^CdUIO ^^ 

The Fifth Generation 231 

1775, he was a member of the committee that passed the famous 
"Mecklenburg Resolves," and was one of those who signed that 
defiant document. (See Avery's History of the United States and 
Its People, vol. 5, chap. 19) . In the same year, he was a member 
of the committee of safety for Rowan county, a committee that 
urged the militia captains to prepare for war, took possession of 
all the powder of the county, and resolved "to rouse like one Man 
in Defense of our religion from Popery, our Liberty from Slavery 
and our lives from Tormenting Death" (Col. Rec. of North Caro- 
lina, 10:135). In August, he was a delegate to the provincial 
congress held at Hillsborough, which placed the state under a 
military organization. This congress passed the following reso- 
lution, to which Waightstill Avery affixed his name : 

"We the Subscribers professing our Allegiance to the King and Acknowl- 
edging the constitutional executive power of government, do solemnly 
profess, testify and declare that we do absolutely believe that neither 
the Parliament of Great Britain, nor any Member or Constituent 
Branch thereof, have a right to impose Taxes upon these Colonies to 
regulate the internal police thereof ; and that all attempts by fraud or 
force to establish and exercise such Claims and powers are Violations 
of the peace and Security of the people and ought to be resisted to the 
utmost. And that the people of this province, singly and collectively, 
are bound by the Acts and resolutions of the Continental and Provin- 
cial Congresses, because in both they are freely represented by persons 
chosen by themselves ; And we do solemnly and sincerely engage, under 
the Sanction of virtue, honor and Sacred Love of Liberty, and our 
Country, to maintain and support all and every the Acts, Resolutions 
and Regulations of the said Continental and Provincial Congresses, to the 
utmost of our power and Abilities. Intestimonywhereof,wehavehere- 
to set our Hands this 23d of August 1775" (Col. Rec, N. C, 10:171). 

In September, the provincial congress created a provincial 
council with full power to transact all such matters as they shall 
"judge expedient to strengthen, secure and defend the colony" 
during the recess of the congress, provided the "same shall not 
extend to altering or suspending any act or resolution of con- 
gress." This provincial council numbered thirteen, of whom 
Waightstill Avery w^as one. He served on many of their impor- 
tant committees in this and the following year, and was sent to 
South Carolina on important missions looking to the union of the 
colonies. On the tenth day of May, 1776, he resigned his com- 
mission as attorney-general of the province. This was undoubt- 

232 The Groton Avery Clan 

edly his royal commission ; by this act he severed his oificial con- 
nection with the English government (Col. Rec, N. C, 13:807). 
At a general conference of the inhabitants of Mecklenburg 
County, Nov. 1, 1776, instructions were drawn up for their dele- 
gates soon to meet at Halifax. Waightstill Avery was one of 
these delegates, and the instructions that they received are, with 
the exception of two sections, in his angular handwriting. The 
second section, which may be taken as a sample of the whole, 
reads as follows : 

"That you shall endeavor to establish a free government under the 
authority of the people of the State of North Carolina and that the 
Government be a simple Democracy or as near it as possible" {Col. 
Rec, N. C, 10:370a). 
The minutes of the provincial congress that met at Halifax, 
November 12, 1776, show that he carried out the instructions that 
he had such a hand in making. He was one of the committee 
that drafted the provisions of the constitution under which North 
Carolina flourished for sixty years. More of the document was 
in his handwriting than in that of any other member of the com- 
mittee. He was the author of the clause requiring the legislature 
to provide for the higher education of the people: "All useful 
learning shall be duly encouraged and promoted in one or more 
universities." "Golden words written amid storms and thunder- 
ings to be made good when the sun shone on a free and united 
people." The new constitution was adopted December 18, 1776. 
He was also on the committee for raising and continuing the 
services of the rangers for the protection of the frontier, on one 
for inquiring into the best method of carrying on iron works for 
the benefit of the public, and was appointed one of the signers of 
the proclamation bills. After the formation of the state govern- 
ment, he was elected to the first general assembly that met at 
Newbern, and served the entire year {Col. Rec, N. C, 19:272, 
273) . In April, 1777, he was made one of the trustees of "Liberty 
Hall," an institution of learning established at Charlotte, and 
later burned by Cornwallis. In May, 1777, he was appointed 
one of the commissioners who, in July, concluded a treaty with 
the Cherokee Indians on the Long Island of Holston — a treaty 
made without an oath and that was never violated. January 12, 
1777-8, he was made attorney-general for the state of North Car- 

The Fifth Generation 233 

olina, the first under the constitution. He resigned that office, 
May 8, 1779 {State Rec, N. C, 13:752), and accepted a commis- 
sion as colonel of the Jones County militia, July 3, 1779. He was 
made one of the governor's council, October 26, 1779 {State Rec, 
N. C, 13:855, 948). He continued in active military service 
until Cornwallis went to Yorktown. 

Meantime, he had bought Swans Pond of "Hunting John" 
McDowell, and to this estate in Burke County his family now 
removed. Colonel Avery's patriotism had called down the venge- 
ance of Cornwallis who caused his office and all his books and 
papers to be burned. When it became known that American in- 
dependence was secured. Colonel Avery rejoined his family on his 
pleasant estate. He represented his county in the North Carolina 
house of representatives in 1782, 1783, 1784, 1785 and 1793, and 
in the state senate in 1796. At the time of his death, he was the 
patriarch of the North Carolina bar, an exemplary Christian, a 
pure patriot, and an honest man. He wore knee breeches, pow- 
dered wig, and the full dress of the time of Washington up to his 

In 1788, when "Old Hickory" was young. Colonel Avery, 
an avowed Presbyterian and a Puritan of the strictest type, ac- 
cepted a challenge to fight a duel. This was in accordance with 
the ethics of the times. In a criminal case before the court at 
Jonesboro, Col. Avery had been severe in his comments upon 
some of the legal positions taken by Andrew Jackson. The lat- 
ter, deeply mortified, tore a blank leaf from a law book, wrote a 

challenge on it, and gave it to his critic. 

^ ' ^ Agust 12th 1788 

"Sir: — When a mans feeling & character are injured he ought to seek a 
speedy redress : You rec'd a few lines from me yesterday undoubtedly 
you understand me. My character you have injured ; and further you 
have Insulted me in the presence of a court and a larg audiance I 
therefore call upon you as a gentleman to give me satisfaction for 
the same; and further call upon you to give me an answer immedi- 
ately without Equivocation and I hope you can do without dinner 
untill the bussiniss done; for it is consistent with the character of a 
gentleman when he injures a man to make a spedy reparation; there- 
fore I hope you will not fail in meeting me this day from yr Hbl. St. 

Andw. Jackson. 

Coll. Avery. 

P S This Evening after court adjourned." 


The Groton Avery Clan 



The Fifth Generation 235 

The combatants met just after sunset. Jackson fired first, 
but his bullet did not take effect. Colonel Avery then calmly- 
fired in the air and, walking up to Jackson, admonished him in a 
friendly manner. They left the ground very good friends. 

In "Memorial Hall" of the North Carolina University is a 
tablet inscribed to her distinguished sons. Waightstill Avery's 
name appears thereon in connection with the provincial govern- 
ment and again in connection with the state constitution, and 
with the Revolutionary war. 

He d. March 13, 1821, at Morganton. His wife d. Jan. 13, 

Children of Waightstill and Leah (Probart) Avery, b. in 
Burke County: 

647. i. Polly MIRA^ b. Aug. 24, 1779. 

648. ii. Elizabeth", b. Aug., 1782. 

649. iii. Isaac Thomas', b. Sept. 22, 1785. 

650. iv. Selina Louise", b. Oct. 27, 1788. 

241. Isaac^ Avery (Humphrey*, Samuel^, James^, Christo- 
pher^) was b. Oct. 27, 1743, at Groton; m. Margaret Stringer in 

Accomac County, Virginia. He was one of the grantees of New- 
port, N. H., Oct. 6, 1761, and of Chiswick, N. H., Nov. 17, 1764. 
He went to England, after having studied under the Rev. Samuel 
Seabury of Groton, and became an Episcopal minister. He was 
ordained deacon and priest by Richard Yerrick, bishop of Lon- 
don, England, Oct. 18, 1769. A descendant. Miss Lola Walton, 
has his letters of ordination in her possession. They are written 
on parchment, with great seals of the bishop of London attached 
and crowned with the mitre and other insignia of the office. He 
was sent from England to the ministry in Virginia, Nov. 9. 1769 
(Gerald Fothergill's List of Emigrant Ministers to America). 
He became rector of Bethel church, Warwick County. He was a 
patriot of the Revolution, being chosen one of the committee of 
safety for Northampton, Dec. 13, 1774. This committee had 
many duties, one being "to observe the conduct of all persons to 
the end that all such foes to the Rights of British America may 
be publickly known and universally condemned as the enemies of 
American liberty" (William and Mary Quarterly, 5:246). He 
was also a member of the county committee on July 29, 1775. At 

236 The Groton Avery Clan 

this time, the committee sent a petition to the delegates assem- 
bled at Richmond asking that the law permitting them to export 
their grain till September 10th be not changed to August 5th as 
was contemplated. Such a change would work untold hardships. 
The petition reads as follows : 

Northampton County Committee to the Convention, 1775: 

"To the Honorable the President and Delegates of the People of Virginia 
now assembled in Convention in the Town of Richmond, in the County 
of Henrico, — the humble petition of the Committee of Northampton 
County in behalf of themselves & their Constituents. — 
Humbly sheweth 

That the people of this County have ever been jealous in sup- 
port of the common cause and have inviolably observed those regula- 
tions established by the General Congress for maintaining the liberties 
of America — fully convinced that those regulations would be strictly ad- 
hered to by all ranks and orders of men our constituents have formed 
many engagements and entered into various contracts in which they 
have considered themselves as under the faith and protection of the 
country whilst they walked within the lines presented them by the 
unitedvoiceof all America — Amongst other things they have in all their 
engagements had a particular eye to that very material clause which 
prohibited the exportation of all merchandise from this Country to 
Great Britain or the West Indies after the Tenth Day of September 
next and have taken their measures in such a manner as may be as 
little burthensome to themselves as possible and at the same time with 
a full determination strictly to perform that clause of the Continental 
Association — it is therefore with the utmost Sorrow we are informed 
that the Convention of this Colony has directed that a total stop be put 
to the export of Grain and provisions from and after the Fifth Day of 
August next a measure which if strictly enforced will bring the great- 
est distress upon many merchants and private families in this place 
and which have hitherto subsisted amongst us whilst the Determina- 
tions of Congress were received as an invariable rule of conduct in 
those points which that very respectable Body have taken under their 
consideration Your petitioners beg leave to represent to the Conven- 
tion that the people of this place raise very large quantities of Indian 
corn which is generally unsold late in the Summer and altho we be- 
lieve there is not so much now on hand as usual at this season yet 
there are such quantities as to ruin many persons who have made Con- 
tracts respecting the same if the ports are immediately stopped. Your 
Petitioners therefore in behalf of themselves & the other inhabitants 
of this place pray that the exports to the West Indies be kept open too 
the 10th of Sept next and we beg leave to assure the Convention that 
the greatest care will be taken by this Committee to prevent the ex- 

The Fifth Generation 237 

portation of any provisions to the Northward where there may be the 
least Danger of their falling into the hands of the Army and that it 
will be our constant study to enforce within the limits of our appoint- 
ment those regulations of the General Congress or Convention of this 
Colony which are now entered into or may hereafter be adopted in 
support of the Common cause. 

Northampton County 29 July, 1775. 

Signed by John Bowdin, chairman, Isaac Avery, and others. 
{Virginia Hist. Mag., 14:54.) 

Isaac^ Avery, in a letter to Governor Thomas Jefferson, re- 
signed his commission as county lieutenant of Northampton, 
March 16, 1781 {Calendar of Virginia State Papers, 1 :574) . We 
have not been able to ascertain when he was appointed to this 
high position. Hening's Statutes of Virginia shows that, in 1634, 
Virginia was divided into eight shires to be governed as shires in 
England. County lieutenants were to be appointed as in England 
and, in a more especial manner were "to take care of the warr 
against the Indians." "The lieutenant or sub-viceroy of royalty 
was from its institution a man of prominence and bore the honor- 
ary title of colonel." The title and prerogative continued through 
the Revolution. From the Documentary History of the Dunmore 
War, we learn that the Virginia county lieutenant was "the re- 
sponsible local military official," upon whom "developed the com- 
missioning of officers, the raising and provisioning of troops, the 
location of forts, and measures for defence and offence/' North- 
ampton is a peninsula situated between the Chesapeake Bay and 
the Atlantic and was much exposed to the enemy. 

Isaac"' Avery represented Northampton County in the legis- 
lature in 1787, receiving all but seventy-six votes {William and 
Mary Quarterly, 6:12). 

A letter from him written from Hampton P. 0., Warwick 
County, Virginia, July 30, 1794, is in the possession of a descend- 
ant. Among other things he says : 

"The subject of slavery has by no means escaped my reflection, or my 
cordial and utter disapprobation; not from any interdiction I find in 
the sacred scriptures (for it was expressly allowed to the Jews) but 
from reason and philosophy — I have risked my life and property 
through a long and bloody war, in defense of that liberty which is 
ever dear to me and which I most ardently wish to the whole human 
Race — But my dear friend and Brother, it is impossible for you to 

238 The Groton Avery Clan 

form an Idea, or in any manner to Judge of the embarrassment the 
Southern States labor under in the business of Slavery — Tho great 
numbers in Virginia join me in sentiment, and wish that some sys- 
tem of policy might be adopted which would progressively and effect- 
ually accomplish so happy a purpose. Yet the wisdom of this Gov- 
ernment hath not been able to devise any means adequate to effect 
so desirable an end; whatever can be done consisteni with the safety 
and happiness of my country, in so good a cause, will always meet 
with my approbation and encouragement; and whatever mode may 
be hereafter fallen on, it must be a work of time — for it must be ob- 
vious to everyone that a total and immediate emancipation would 
reduce these States to absolute Insolvency, and defraud the federal 
Government, the foreign and all other creditors of their Rights, and 
at the same time, over spread the Country with blood. Rapine, Plun- 
der, devastation and every misery and in short exhibit the same 
scene with all its horrors which have lately been acted at Saint 

CrC- t^ 


His remains were buried in the old church at Norfolk. 
After his death, his children were taken to North Carolina and 
brought up in the family of his brother, Waightstill Avery. 

Children of Isaac and Margaret (Stringer) Avery b. in 
Warwick County, Virginia : 



Isaac", b. 1787. 
i. Margaret Stringer', b. March 19, 1789. 
ii. James", b. Oct. 25, 1791. 
v. Elizabeth", b. 1793. 
V. Samuel", d. in infancy before July 30, 1794. 

250. Charles^ Avery (WaitstiW, SamneP, James-, Christo- 
pher^) was b. Oct. 22, 1731, at Groton; m. Aug. 28, 1753, at Westerly, 
R. L, Mary Thompson. Austin, in his Vital Records of Rhode 
Island, gives the name Mary Thurston in one place and Mary 
Thompson in another, but the name was probably Mary Thomp- 
son. Charles Avery, minor, son of Waitstill Avery, deceased, 
upwards of fourteen years, chose Henry Williams, Jr., to be his 
guardian, June 23, 1746 {New London Probate Journal. 5:42). 

The Fifth Generation 239 

Charles'' Avery was in Ebenezer Billings's company, eighth reg't, 
Col. Phineas Lyman, from April to October, 1756 ; Serg't Charles 
Avery was in Benadam Gallup's company, same reg't, March to 
December, 1757; Ensign Charles Avery was in Capt. Stanton's 
company, second reg't. Col. Nathan Whitney, 1758; Lieutenant 
Charles Avery was in Capt. Stanton's company, fourth reg't, Col. 
David Wooster, March to November, 1760 (French and Indian 
War Rolls, 1 :107, 190 & 2 :45, 163, 217, 218) . 

Waitstill Avery and Frederick Avery, of Lee, Mass., were 
brothers. Charles Avery was sealer of leather, Lee, Mass., 1781 ; 
of weights, 1782 ; Charles Avery, Charles Avery, Jr., and Fred- 
erick Avery worked on the meeting-house, 1788 ; they were all in 
Lee in 1790. While we believe the accompanying record to be, in 
the main, correct, we do not consider it fully proved. 

Children of Charles and Mary (Thompson) Avery: 








• • • 














260. James" Avery (James% James*, James^, James-, Chris- 
topher^) was b. July 27, 1724, at Groton; m. Oct. 12, 1749, at 
Groton, Lucy Allyn, dau. of Ebenezer and Mary (Thurber) Al- 
lyn, and granddaughter of Robert and Deborah (Avery) Allyn 
(No. 10) . She was b. Feb. 14, 1732, at Groton ; d. Feb. 19, 1752, 
at Groton. James Avery m. 2d, May 28, 1752, at Groton, Eliza- 
beth Allyn, dau. of Robert and Abigail (Avery) Allyn (No. 75). 
She was b. April 27, 1732, at Groton. 

James*' Avery marched from Groton to the relief of Fort 
William Henry, in Capt. Joseph^Morgan's company, Aug., 1757 
{French and Indian War Rolls. 1 :197). He was several times a 
member of the committee to raise supplies for the use of the sol- 
diers of the American revolution {Minutes of the Selectmen, 
Groton, Sept. 8, 1778, and June 15, 1779). He made a will, Nov. 
16, 1796, in which he mentioned wife, Elizabeth; sons, Rufus, 
Caleb, Eleazar, and George Washington ; sister, Hannah Avery ; 
daughters, Abigail Sheffield and Eunice Avery. He made provi- 
sion for the payment of the legacies left to his brothers and sis- 
ters by his brother, David, deceased. He d. Dec. 3, 1796, at Gro- 
ton. The inventory of his estate was taken by Peter Avery, June 
23, 1797. His widow, Elizabeth, receipted to Caleb Avery, execu- 
tor, March 24, 1798 {Stonington Wills, 6:96, 258). She made 
her will, Nov. 19, 1816. She mentioned, dau., Abigail Haxey; 
sons, Rufus, Caleb, Eleazar, and George Washington ; grandson, 
James Avery; grandsons, David and Asa, sons of son, Rufus; 
grandson, Robert Austin, son of son, Caleb; granddaughters, 
Lydia Walsworth, Sally W^illiams, Eliza Allyn Avery, daus. of 
son, Caleb; Rachel and Elizabeth, daus. of son, Eleazar {Ston- 
ington Wills, 10 :521) . She d. Feb. 24, 1819, at Groton. 

Children of James and Lucy (Allyn) Avery, b. at Groton: 

i. Lucy', b. July 12, 1750; d. Sept. 27, 1752, at Groton. 

ii. Elizabeth', b. Feb. 15, 1752; d. Feb. 21, 1752, at Groton. 












The Sixth Generation 241 

Children of James and Elizabeth (Allyn) Avery, b. at Groton: 

James', b. April 21, 1753; d. April 19, 1777, at Groton; unm. 

Elizabeth", b. Oct. 19, 1754; d. April 12,1792, at Groton; unm. 

Robert', b. Jan. 27, 1756. 

Abigail', b. July 10, 1757. 

RUFUS', b. Nov. 16, 1758. 

Calebs b. Feb. 25, 1760. 

Anna', b. May 4, 1761; d. Sept. 14, 1763, at Groton. 
viii. Lucy', b. Nov. 18, 1762; d. Sept. 30, 1764, at Groton. 
ix. Freelove', b; May 26, 1764; d. April 25, 1782, at Groton. 

675. X. Eunice', b. Oct. 3, 1765. 

xi. David', b. April 3, 1767; d. May 19, 1790, at Groton; unm. 

676. xii. Prudence', b. April 12, 1769; m. Caleb Avery (No. 685). 

677. xiii. Eleazar', b. May 29, 1771. 

678. xiv. George Washington', b. Oct. 9, 1776. 

261. Elizabeth'^ Avery (James^, James*, James^, James^, 
Christopher^) was b. Jan. 13, 1726, at Groton; m. Joseph Starr, 
s. of Jonathan and Elizabeth (Morgan) Starr. He was b. July 17, 
1713, at Groton. A piece of her wedding dress of heavy, blue, 
brocaded satin is in the possession of Mrs. Emma J. (Avery) 
Simmons. He was commissioned captain of the second company 
of militia, Groton, 1766 {Conn. Col. Rec, 12:464). He lived on 
"Long Hill Farm" that was given to him by his father. He d. 
Oct. 13, 1795. He gave all his property, including his negro ser- 
vants, Phillis, Betty, Primus, Brunetta, Brister, and Zilpah, to his 
wife, excepting a few things, like his sword, which he left to other 
friends. Elizabeth (Avery) Starr, in her will, made June 14, 
1820, at Groton, mentioned the following: Brother, John Averj^; 
nephew, Caleb Avery ; niece, Polly Avery, wife of Caleb Avery ; 
sister, Hannah Avery ; niece, Abigail Hauxy ; Eliza, dau. of niece, 
Polly Avery; granddaughter of niece, Polly Avery, dau. of her 
son, James, deceased ; Sally Williams, dau. of niece, Polly Avery ; 
niece, Elizabeth S. Lester, and her husband, Nicholas Street 
Lester ; nephew, Aaron Avery, son of brother John ; John S. 
Avery's dau., Bethiah ; grand-niece, Sarah B. Williams, and her 
husband. Park Williams ; Matilda Avery, widow of my nephew, 
James Avery; James Avery and Mary Avery, children of my 
nephew, James Avery, by hiswife, Matilda, he being deceased ; each 
of the children that Matilda, widow of James Avery, had by her 
late husband ; grand-nephew, Robert Austin Avery, son of Caleb 

242 The Groton Avery Clan 

Avery. She called her slaves Brunetta, Primus, Alpheus, Brister, 
and Netta, her friends and left each one something. She made 
her beloved nephew, Caleb Avery, and her friend, Roswell Bur- 
rows, her executors. She desired to be buried by the side of her 
husband with a gravestone every way like his. She left much 
gold, silver and china ware; much expensive jewelry, and an ex- 
tensive and elegant wardrobe. She d. June 1, 1826, at Groton. 

262. David'' Avery (James^, James*, James^, James^, Chris- 
topher^) was b. Feb. 11, 1728, at Groton; bap. March 24, 1728, 
First Church of Groton; m. June 29, 1763, at Bozrah, Lydia 
Lord, dau. of Eleazar and Zerviah Lord. She was bap. Dec. 2, 
1733, First Church of Norwich. He was a member of the first 
Groton committee of inspection, Dec. 12, 1774 ; also on the com- 
mittee, 1776 and 1777. He was on the committee to care for the 
families of soldiers and to obtain clothing for those in the field, 
1777, 1778 and 1780. He was killed at Fort Griswold, Sept. 6, 
1781, and was buried in Poquonock burying-ground. 

In memory of 

David Avery, Esq. 

who having performed the endearing 

Offices of Friendship and Religion 

in Social Connection 

And usefully and honorably 

served the Public in various Characters 

Nobly risk'd his life in defence of 

Fort Griswold & American Freedom 

And fell a Victim to British Inhumanity 

Sept. 6, 1781, in the 54th 

Year of his Age. 

He left no children. In his will, made Sept. 2, 1778, at Groton, 
he mentioned wife, Lydia ; brothers, James and Peter ; sisters. 
Prudence and Hannah ; nephew, Ruf us. October 6, 1781, Lydia 
Avery receipted to James Avery for four hundred pounds left her 
by her worthy husband, David Avery. She m. 2d, April 25, 1786, 
Jabez Perkins, and d. without children, at Norwich, May 17, 1819 
(Perkins' Genealogy, p. 42). 

263. Peter'' Avery (James^, James*, James^, James-, Chris- 
topher') was b. Feb. 22, 1730, at Groton; bap. March 22, 1730, 
First Church of Groton ; m. Mary Niles, dau. of Nathaniel and 

The Sixth Generation 243 

Mary (Northrop) Niles. She d. June 10, 1800, aged 70 years. Peter 
Avery m. 2d, Aug. 28, 1800, at Groton, Hannah Avery, widow of 
William Avery (No. 228) and dau. of Paul and Sarah (Goodrich) 
Woodbridge. She had previously been the widow of Samuel 
Walsworth. Peter Avery was a missionary to the Indians in 
western New York. He was a deacon of the Baptist church of 
Groton for fifty years. He was surveyor of the town ; selectman, 
1778 to 1782, 1787, in which period the town passed many patri- 
otic measures. He was one of the committee of six who were 
ordered, Dec. 22, 1775, to direct the work on Fort Griswold. In 
1787, as one of the selectmen of Groton, he petitioned the legisla- 
ture for the remission of a fine of £60, for being short four men 
on the town's quota of soldiers in 1781, for the reason that it was 
not possible, so many being absent in the service on the seas and 
in the sea-coast defense, and Sept. 6, 1781, "about 70 men were 
killed and many wounded and carried away prisoners." They 
were "allowed only such remission of the fine as would come out of 
the sufferers who have had taxes abated" (Conn. State Archives, 
and Allyn's Battle of Groton Heights, p. 14). Peter Avery d. 
Dec. 16, 1807, at Groton; his wife, Hannah, d. April 8, 1831,' 
at Ledyard. He and wife, Mary, are buried in the Niles burying- 
ground at Groton Center. In his will, made Nov. 29, 1806, he 
mentioned wife, Hannah; daughter-in-law, Sally Avery (she was 
the dau. of his wife by her second husband, William Avery) ; his 
sisters, Elizabeth Starr, Prudence Avery, and Hannah Avery; 
his brother, John; nephews, Caleb and John J., sons of Elijah 
Avery, deceased (sons of his sister. Prudence) ; nephews, Peter, 
Jonas, John S., and Caleb; niece, Elizabeth {Stonington Wills, 
6:101). The name of the wife of Peter Avery of Greenwich, 
whose record appears on page 50 of Sweet's The Avei^ys of Gro- 
ton, was Rachel. The children there given belong to Peter and 
Rachel Avery of Greenwich, between whom and the Groton 
Averys no connection has yet been established. 

264. Prudence'^ Avery {James^, James*, James^, James-, 
Christopher'^) was b. March 16, 1732, at Groton; bap. April 16, 
1732, First Church of Groton; m. Dec. 10, 1761, at Groton, 
Joseph Morgan, son of Joseph and Dorothy (Avery) Morgan 
(No. 69) . He was b. Jan. 31, 1737-8, at Groton ; d. before March 

244  The Groton Avery Clan 

10, 1770-71, at which time his widow married Elijah Avery (No. 
266). She was made guardian of the minor children of Joseph 
Morgan, deceased, Oct. 5, 1773. She was a matron of the Revo- 
lution. On old lists still preserved {American Monthly Maga- 
zine, 27 :784) is to be found her name as contributing to the sol- 
diers in the field the fruit of her own handiwork in frocks and 

Children of Joseph and Prudence (Avery) Morgan, b. at 
Groton :  

i. Joseph', b. Nov. 28, 1762; m. Eunice Perkins; 2d, Widow Mary 
Latham, born Perkins; d. Dec. 1, 1831, at Colchester. 

ii. Isaac", b. June 23, 1764; d. Jan., 1782, at sea; unm. 

iii. Susanna', b. July 25, 1766; m. Thomas Allyn. 

iv. Prudence', b. April 16, 1768; m. Gilbert Smith; 2d, Vine Stoddard; 
d. April 9, 1865, at Groton. 

265. John" Avery (James^, James\ James^, James-, Christo- 
pher') was b. Jan. 24, 1738, at Groton ; bap. April 16, 1738, First 
Church of Groton ; m. Sarah Belton, dau. of Jonas and Elizabeth 
(Smith) Belton. She was b. June 8, 1743, at Groton. He was a 
sergeant in the eighth Conn, militia, in Capt. Hubbard Burrows's 
company {Conn. Men in the Rev'n, 451). He often carried dis- 
patches in the Revolutionary war. She d. Sept. 17, 1825; he 
d. Jan, 5, 1826, both at Groton. 

Children of John and Sarah (Belton) Avery, b. at Groton: 

Peter', b. May 10, 1764. 

Jonas Belton', b. July 19, 1766. 

Mary', b. Dec. 25, 1769; m. Caleb Avery (No. 674). 

Elizabeth Starr', b. Dec. 31, 1771. 

Aaron', b. Dec. 21, 1776; d. March 3, 1826, at Groton; unm. 

John Sands', b. Aug. 19, 1782. 

266. Elijah" Avery (John^, James*, James^, James-, Christo- 
pher') was bap. Sept. 15, 1734, First Church of Groton* m. 
March 10, 1770-71, Mrs. Prudence Morgan, dau. of James and 
Elizabeth (Smith) Avery, and widow of Joseph Morgan (No. 
264) . He served as an ensign in Capt. Gallup's company of mili- 
tia, from Sept. to Nov., 1776 ; was captain in the eighth militia, 
1780 {Conn. Men in the Rev'n, 452, 561). His name appears 
many times on the minutes of the town books. He was one of 












The Sixth Generation 245 

the committee of inspection in 1776; one of a committee that 
enlisted twenty-seven men for the army, April 7, 1777; select- 
man, 1779 ; was on a committee to raise the town's quota of sol- 
diers, March 13, 1780; was one of the committee to supply cloth- 
ing for the soldiers, Jan. 16, 1781 (Groton Town Records). He 
w^as killed at Fort Griswold, Sept. 6, 1781. He left a good landed 
estate, but his personal property suffered severely from the war. 
The stone in the Avery-Morgan burying-ground reads : 

In memory of 

Capt. Elijah Avery 

who having filled up 

Private and Social life 

with endearing expressions 

of Tenderness & affection 

Displayed a most bi-ave & heroic spirit 

In defence of Fort Griswold 

And American Liberty 

& fell a sacrifice to british Barbarity 

Sept. 6, 1781, in the 48th 

Year of his Age. 

His widow died Nov. 20, 1809, at Groton. 

Children of Elijah and Prudence (Avery) Avery, b. at 
Groton : 

684. i. Eliza', b. Dec. 1, 1771. 

685. ii. Caleb'. 

686. iii. John J.', b. March 17, 1776. 

267. Amos'' Avery (John^, James*, James^, James-, Christo- 
Vher^) was bap. March 6, 1743, First Church of Groton; m. Pru- 
dence Williams, dau. of George and Eunice (Avery) Williams 
(No. 72). She was b. July 25, 1749. Amos Avery marched on 
the "Lexington Alarm" from New London, under Capt. Coit; 
was in Capt. Stoddard's company, 1776 ; wounded at Fort Gris- 
wold, Sept. 6, 1781 ; made a prisoner and paroled ; placed on the 
invalid list soon after the war {Conn. Men in the Rev'n, 18, 578, 
648). David Avery (No. 511) called him "Coldwater Amos." 
His wife d. Oct. 25, 1806, and was buried in the Starr burying- 
ground ; he was alive in 1824. 

Children of Amos and Prudence (Williams) Avery, b. at 
Groton : 













246 The Groton Avery Clan 

Amos', b. Sept. 14, 1769. 

Aaron', b. Sept. 27, 1771. 

Eunice Williams', b. June 20, 1774. 

Prudence', b. Sept. 18, 1777; m. Caleb Avery (No. 1243). 

Elijah', b. Sept. 2, 1783. 

Harriet', b. Sept. 21, 1792. 

269. Hannah*^ Avery (Ebenezer^, James\ James^, James-, 
Christopher^) was b. Jan. 10, 1727, at Groton; m. Sept. 18, 1746, 
at Groton, John Packer, son of James and Abigail (Avery) 
Packer (No. 34). He was b. Sept. 16, 1720, at Groton. She d., 
according to her tombstone, Feb. 12, 1771, in the 46th year of her 
age. He d. March 4, 1797, at Groton. 

Children of John and Hannah (Avery) Packer, b. at Groton : 

i. Lucretia', b. May 23, 1747; m. Isaac Wightman; d. April 20, 1819, 

at Groton. 
ii. Hannah', b. July 26, 1748; m. Joseph Packer; d. June 15, 1818. 
iii. Lucy', bap. April 15, 1750, First Church of Groton; m. Nathan 

iv. Freelove', bap. Oct. 20, 1751, First Church of Groton; m. George 

V. John', m. Hannah Gallup; d. Feb. 8, 1835. 
vi. Molly', d. Oct. 27, 1825; unm. 

vii. Abigail', m. Levi Gallup; d. July 11, 1826, at Jefferson, N. Y. 
viii. Debby', d. of smallpox, aged 18. 

ix. Anne', d. of smallpox, aged 16, same w^eek as Debby. 
X. Ebenezer', b. Aug. 1, 1765; m. Katurah Randall; d. Sept. 17, 1826. 
xi. Elizabeth', m. Benjamin Rathbone. 
xii. Fanny', b. Oct. 9, 1769; m. Joseph Burrows. 

270. Lucy" Avery {Ebenezer^, James*, James^, James-, 
Christopher^) was b. Jan. 27, 1729, at Groton; bap. March 29, 
1729, First Church of Groton; m. April 13, 1749, at Groton, 
George Colfax, s. of John and Ann (Latimer) Colfax. He was b. 
Dec. 5, 1727, at New London. The date of his death is unknown, 
but his widow gave bonds for the settlement of his estate, June 
10, 1776 (New London Wills, H:548). 

Children of George and Lucy (Avery) Colfax, b. at New 

London : 

i. Sarah', b. July 30, 1750. 

ii. George', b. Feb. 9, 1752 ; m. Mary Robbins. 

The Sixth Generation 247 

iii. Ebenezer", b. Sept. 15, 1753; m. Lucretia Hempstead; enlisted 
July 12, 1776, in Nath. Saltonstall's co. ; was midshipman on the 
"Oliver Cromwell," 1779 (Conn. Hist. Soc. Collections, 8:140, 

iv. Lucy', b. March 27, 1755. 

V. William', b. July 30, 1756; m. Hester Schuyler; ensign, Jan. 1, 
1777; lieut., June 1, 1778; captain commandment of Washing- 
ton's lifeguards, 1778, 1781-1783 {Comi. Men in the Rev'n, 146, 
299, 347, 360, 368, 373). He was made major of the third reg't 
of New Jersey militia, 1793; lieut.-col., 1806; brigade-general, 
detached militia, 1814; commanded brigade of consolidated mili- 
tia and "sea fencibles," third military district, New York, 1815 
(Washington's Body Guard, 141). He was a member of the 
Order of the Cincinnati. His son, Schuyler Colfax, m. Hannah 
Striker, and was the father of Schuyler Colfax, congressman 
and vice-president of the United States. 

vi. Jonathan', b. March 12, 1758; serg't in Rev'n, 1777-1780 {Conn. 
Men in the Rev'n, 147). He m. Elizabeth Wilson. 

vii. Ann', b. April 12, 1760; m. Ebenezer Lester. 

viii. Robert', b. Dec. 26, 1761; m. Sarah Wilson; 2d, Elizabeth, widow 
of his brother, Jonathan, and sister of his first wife. 

ix. John', b. Nov. 21, 1763. 

X. Mary', b. Jan. 8, 1766. 

271. Mary" Avery {Ehenezer\James\James\James~,Chris- 
topher') was b. Nov. 30, 1730, at Groton; bap. Jan. 10, 1731, 
First Church of Groton; m. June 8, 1748, at Groton, Youngs 
Ledyard, s, of John and Deborah (Youngs) Ledyard. He was 
b. at Groton, Jan. 25, 1731 ; traded extensively with the West 
Indies, and died at sea, April 4, 1762. Benedict Arnold was a 
clerk to Youngs Ledyard and much dissatisfaction was expressed 
by the family because Arnold did not render a satisfactory ac- 
count of Ledyard's affairs. Mary (Avery) Ledyard m. 2d, Dec. 
12, 1764, at Groton, Stephen Billings, s. of Increase and Hannah 
(Hewett) Billings, of Groton. She d. March 7, 1787, at Groton. 

Children of Youngs and Mary (Avery) Ledyard, b. at 

Groton : 

i. Deborah^ b. May 19, 1749; m. Christopher Morgan, s. of William 
and Temperance (Avery) Morgan (No. 82), She d. April 22, 
1807, at Groton. 

248 The Groton Avery Clan 

ii. Youngs', b. June 24, 1751; m. Bridget ; lieutenant of mili- 
tia; killed at Fort Griswold, Sept. 6, 1781; his house and its 
contents were burned; he left a wife and four small children 
(Conn. Men in the Rev'yi, oil). 

iii. Benjamin', b. March 15, 1753; m. Catharine Forman; 2d, Ann 
Rhea; was captain, first reg't New York inf'y, 1775; major, 
1776; major, fourth New York inf'y, 1780; was in the war 
seven years ; one of the founders of the Order of the Cincinnati 
{Neiv York Men in the Rev'n, 40, 71, 140, 174, 251, 252, 527). 
He d. Nov. 9, 1803, at Aurora, N. Y. 

iv. Isaac', b. Nov. 5, 1754; m. Ann Mc Arthur; surgeon of the first 
regiment of New York inf'y; one of the founders of the Order of 
the Cincinnati {New York Men in the Rev'n, 247) . He d. Aug. 
30, 1803, at Staten Island, N. Y. 

V. Mary', b. Sept. 3, 1758; m. Gen. Benjamin Forman. He was a cap- 
tain in the Revolution, 1776; lieutenant-colonel, 1783 {Jerseymen 
in Rev'n, 66) . She d. May 30, 1806. Their dau. Mary, m. Henry 
Seymour; they were the parents of Horatio Seymour, governor 
of New York, and a Democratic candidate (1868) for the presi- 
dency of the United States; their dau., Julia Catharine, became 
the wife of U. S. Senator Roscoe Conkling. 

vi. William', b. March 11, 1760; d. Jan. 30, 1761, at Groton. 

vii. Lucy', b. July 5, 1761; m. Seth Phelps, a Revolutionary soldier 
{Con7i. Men in the Rev'n, 106, 183, 242, 375). She d. Sept. 10, 

viii. Caleb', b. Oct. 18, 1762; d. 1781, on ship "Trumbull;" an ensign. 

Child of Stephen and Mary (Avery) Billings, b. at Groton : 
i. Elizabeth', b. Aug. 14, 1766; m. Simeon Avery (No. 305). 

272. Ebenezer''' Avery (Ebenezer^, James*, James^, James'-, 
Christopher^) was b. March 7.1732-33, at Groton; bap. March 25, 
1733, First Church of Groton; m. June 11, 1761, at Groton, 
Phebe Denison, dau. of Daniel and Rachel (Starr) Denison. She 
was b, Sept. 18, 1743, at New London. She was the daughter of 
her husband's step-mother. She was descended from Elder 
Brewster of the "Mayflower" through both her father and her 
mother. Ebenezer^ Avery was commissioned ensign, first com- 
pany of Groton, Oct., 1760; lieut., 1779 {Conn. State Rec., 
2 :295) . He was on the first committee of inspection for Groton, 
1774; moderator, 1776; one of a committee to collect clothing 
for the soldiers, 1781. His gravestone in Packer Rocks cemetery, 
Groton, bears this inscription : 

The Sixth Generation 249 

In Memory of Lieut 

Ebenezer Avery who 

fell Gloriously in Defence 

of fort Griswold and 

American Freedom 

Sept 6th 1781 in ye 49th 

year of his Age 













Exhibiting a noble Specimen 

of Military Valour 

and Patriotic Virtue. 

His widow m. 2d, Jonathan Fish, and d. Dec. 29, 1818, at Groton. 

Children of Ebenezer and Phebe (Denison) Avery, b. at 

Groton : 

Ebenezer', b. Aug. 8, 1762. 
LucY^ b. April 24, 1766. 
Elizabeth', b. Oct. 28, 1768. 
Hezekiah', b. July 20, 1772. 
Henry', b. Sept. 22, 1776. 
Cyrus', b. July 7, 1779. 

273. Latham*' Avery {Ebenezer^, James*, James^, James^, 
Christopher^) was b. April 15, 1735; bap. April 20, 1735, First 
Church of Groton; m. Jerusha Avery (No. 238), dau. of Hum- 
phrey and Jerusha (Morgan) Avery. She was b. June 7, 1735, 
at Groton; bap. Aug. 31, 1735, First Church of Groton. It is 
probable that he was in Capt. Joseph Morgan's company that 
marched to the relief of Fort William Henry in the summer of 
1757 (French and Indian War Rolls, 1 :197) . He was one of the 
proprietors of the Susquehanna company. Latham Avery and 
wife owned the covenant in the First Church of Groton, Sept. 
20, 1763. She d. March 6, 1810; he d. Dec. 31, 1815, both at 
Groton, They were buried in the Burrows burying-ground, Fort 

Children of Latham and Jerusha (Avery) Avery, b. at 

Groton : 

i. Latham', bap. Sept. 20, 1761, First Church of Groton. 
"Latham Avery 2d died 17th day 9th month, 1773, in his 
13th year, the only son of Latham and Jerusha Avery" 
(Tombstone) . 
699. ii. Jerusha', b. Oct. 15, 1771. 

250 The Groton Avery Clan 

274. Katharine'' Avery ' (Ebenezer^, James*, James^, James-, 
Christopher^) was b. June 9, 1737, at Groton; bap. June 12, 
1737, First Church of Groton; m. July 1, 1756, at Groton, Daniel 
Denison, s. of Daniel and Rachel (Starr) Denison. He was b. 
Dec. 16, 1730, at Groton. His mother, Rachel (Starr) Denison, 
m. 2d, Ebenezer Avery, the father of his wire, Katharine. 
Daniel and Katharine (Avery) Denison moved to Stephentown, 
N. Y. He was a farmer; d. about 1793; she d. Aug. 1825, both 
at Stephentown, N. Y. 

Children of Daniel and Katharine (Avery) Denison : 

i. Katharine', b. July 24, 1757; m. Maj. James Jones, of the Revolu- 
tion; d. March 9, 1851. 

ii. Daniel', b. Sept. 26, 1758; m. Hannah Jones; d. July 22, 1832. 

iii. Ebenezer', b. Jan. 26, 1760; m. Mrs. Elizabeth Jones, born Spencer. 

iv. Jonathan', b. May 17, 1761; m. Sarah Green; d. Sept. 19, 1833, at 
Berlin, N. Y. 

V. George', b. April 12, 1763. 

vi. Griswold', b. Aug. 21, 1765; m. Rhoda Tifft. 

vii. Asenath', b. Feb. 24, 1767; m. Roger Jones. 

viii. David', b. March 19, 1769; m. Mrs. Polly Williams, born Jones. 

ix. Latham', b. March 8, 1771 ; m. Elenor Tifft. 

X. Samuel', b. Aug. 24, 1774, at Stephentown, N. Y.; m. Rhoda 
Crandall; 2d, Nancy Burlingame; d. Dec. 11, 1849, at Floyd, 
N. Y. 

xi. Elihu', b. April 14, 1777; m. Thankful Stewart. 

xii. Thomas', b. March 6, 1779; m. Polly Crary. 

275. Griswold '^ Avery (Ebenezer^, James*, James^, James-, 
Christopher') was b. Sept. 15, 1739, at Groton; bap. Sept. 16, 
1739, First Church of Groton ; m. Anna Avery (No. 101) , dau. of 
Benjamin and Thankful (Avery) Avery. She was b. Jan. 15, 
1744, at Groton ; bap. April 1, 1744, First Church of Groton. He 
lived at Waterford on a large farm called Alewife Farm. He was 
a captain in the Revolutionary war. In 1839, his son, Griswold, 
applied for a pension and stated that, in 1779 and 1780, he served 
as a waiter under his father. Captain Griswold Avery, in Col. 
Jonathan Lattimer's regiment, and that, in 1781, he was with 
his father. Captain Griswold Avery, in Col. Joseph Harris's regi- 
ment. It is said that Griswold^ Avery served on a privateer and 
was taken prisoner, but we have found no documentary proof 
thereof. He did much to promote the separation of Waterford 











The Sixth Generation 251 

from New London in 1801; was first selectman; was justice of 
the peace and representative. In his will, made March 18, 1812, 
he mentioned the children named below {New London Wills). 
He d. Oct. 6, 1812, at Waterford and was buried in Harbor 
Mouth cemetery. His widow d. Oct. 6, 1833, at Waterford. The 
inventory of his estate, recently found in a Waterford garret, 
showed that he died possessed of $11,000, a large sum for those 

Children of Griswold and Anna (Avery) Avery, b. at Water- 

Griswold', b. Sept. 27, 1765. 

Guerdon', b. April 24, 1768. 




277. Rachel'' Avery {Ehenezer^, James*, James% James^, 
Christopher^) was b. Sept. 8, 1745; bap. Sept. 8, 1745, First 
Church of Groton; m. Sept. 13, 1764, at Groton, Charles El- 
dridge, s. of Charles and Mary (Starr) Eldridge. He was b. Aug. 
28, 1743, at Groton. His wife d. Aug. 31, 1777, at Groton ; he m. 
2d, Gloriana Havens. He was on the first committee of corre- 
spondence of Groton ; ensign in militia ; wounded at Fort Gris- 
w^old (Conn. Men in Rev'n, 649). His store and house on Main 
street were burned "when Arnold burnt the town." His tomb- 
stone bears the following : 

"Charles Eldridge Esq., after great suffering from a wound received at 
Fort Griswold, Sept. 6, 1781, died Nov. 20, 1798, aged 5.5 years." 
Children of Charles and Rachel (Avery) Eldridge, b. at 
Groton : 

1. Charles', b. June 7, 1765. 

ii. Mary', b. Sept. 25, 1767; m. Ebenezer Avery (No. 693). 

iii. William', b. Dec. 14, 1769; m. Eliza Avery (No. 684). 

iv. David', b. Oct. 23, 1772; d. Oct. 14, 1778. 

V. Rachel', b. Aug. 28, 1777; d. Sept. 4, 1777, at Groton. 

278. Elihu*^ Avery {Ebenezer^ James\ James\ James-, 
Christopher^) was b. April 6, 1755, at Groton; bap. Aug., 1755, 
First Church of Groton; m. Thankful Avery (No. 105), dau. of 
Benjamin and Thankful (Avery) Avery. She was bap. Aug. 1, 

252 The Groton Avery Clan 

1755, First Church of Groton. He served in Capt. Abel Spicer's 
company of militia, 1775; corporal in Capt. Gallup's militia, 
1776 {Comi. Me7i in the Rev'n, 78, 452) ; was appointed "Lieut. 
Fireworker" in Major William Ledyard's company of matrosses, 
Oct. 3, 1777 (Co7m. State Rec, 1 :406) . He d. March 8, 1779, at 
Groton ; his widow m. 2d, Ebenezer Rogers and had a large fam- 
ily. February 23, 1796, his estate was divided among his widow, 
Thankful, his son, Elihu, and his dau., "Syntha." Cynthia had 
married Ebenezer Lester as is shown by the receipts (Stonington 
Wills, 6:2). 

Children of Elihu and Thankful (Avery) Avery, probably 
b. at Groton : 

705. i. Elihu'. 

706. ii. Cynthia'. 

279. Elizabeth" Avery {TJieophilus% Edward^ James^, 
James\ Christopher^) was b. Dec. 22, 1733, at North Parish of 
Groton (now Ledyard) ; m. Sept. 1, 1754, at Westerly, R. I., 
Benajah Williams, s. of Benajah and the Widow Deborah (Fan- 
ning) WiUiams. He was b. Sept. 3, 1735, at Stonington. He 
probably served as private in Joseph Morgan's company of mili- 
tia, at Fort William Henry, 1757 {French and Indian War Rolls, 
1:197). Both are mentioned in her father's will, 1798. 

280. Deborah" Avery {Theophilus% Edward^ James\ 
James-, Christojoher^) was b. May 27, 1735, at North Parish of 
Groton (now Ledyard) ; m. April 18, 1753, at Stonington, Ros- 
well Parke, s. of Robert and Elizabeth (Benjamin) Parke. He 
was bap. Sept. 26, 1731, First Church of Preston; d. in 1762, in 
the expedition to Havana. Deborah Avery m. 2d, Joseph Brew- 
ster; 3d, April 8, 1779, at Preston, Silas Parke, s. of Hezekiah 
and Margery (Dyke) Parke. He was b. March 10, 1726, at Pres- 
ton. Her father, in his will, mentioned grandson, Benjamin 
Brewster, who may have been her son. 

Children of Roswell and Deborah (Avery) Parke, b. at 
Stonington : 

i. Desire', b. June 9, 1754; m. David Edgecombe; d. Sept. 6, 1826. 
ii. Asael', b. March 9, 1756; m. Prudence Stanton; d. Oct. 29, 1805, 
at Steuben, N. Y. 

The Sixth Generation 253 

iii. Roswell', b. July 1, 1758; m. Eunice Starkweather; 2d, Mrs. 
Sarah Maynard Bellows; 3d, Mabel Williams; was a Revolu- 
tionary soldier, 1777 {Conn. Men in the Rev'n, 504) ; d. Nov. 13, 
1847, at Preston. 

iv. CoNTENr, b. Feb. 4, 1760; m, Benajah Bill. 

Child of Silas and Deborah (Avery) Parke, b. at Preston: 
i. Sarah', b. Jan. 1, 1780. 

281. James*' Avery {Theophilus^, Edward\ James^, James-, 
Christopher^) was b. Feb. 28, 1737, at North Parish of Groton 
(now Ledyard) ; m. Mary Comstock, dau. of John and Mary 
(Lee) Comstock. She was b. April 28, 1743; according to her 
tombstone in the Edward Avery burying-ground, she d. Feb, 14, 
1785. He m. 2d, Mrs. Lydia Satterlee, widow of Jonas Satterlee 
and dau. of James and Sarah (Chesebrough) Geer. She was b. 
Nov. 10, 1742. She is called the wife of James Avery in the 
division of her father's estate in 1787. James** Avery was on the 
church society committee in 1766. He d. Feb. 22, 1822; she d. 
Sept. 16, 1822, both at Ledyard ; both were buried in the Edward 
Avery burying-ground. 

Children of James and Mary (Comstock) Avery, b. at North 

Parish of Groton, now Ledyard : 

i. John Lee', b. Jan. 7, 1760; served in Capt. Benajah LeflBng- 
well's CO. from Norwich, 1777 {Conn. Men in the Rev'n, 
620) ; d. 1783; unm. 

Mary Elizabeth', b. Jan. 2, 1762; m. Jacob Avery (No. 349). 

Edward', b. May 3, 1764. 

Abigail', b. March 3, 1767. 

James', b. Nov. 19, 1769. 

William B.', b. Sept. 26, 1772; d. 1792, at Demarara; unm. 

Theophilus', b. Nov. 3, 1774. 
viii. Joshua', b. Aug. 10, 1776. 

Polly', b. Dec. 19, 1778. 

Sarah', b. March 3, 1781. 

Squire', b. Sept. 10, 1783 ; d. March, 1784, at Ledyard. 

282. Abigail" Avery {Theophilus^ , Edward*, James^, James", 
Christopher^) was b. Oct. 11, 1748, at Groton; m. Sept. 25, 1765, 
at Preston, Ebenezer Leonard, s. of Samuel and Lydia (Stanton) 
Leonard. He was b. July 1, 1741, at Preston ; lived at Preston, 
and at Worthington, Mass. He marched on the "Lexington 



















254 The Groton Avery Clan 

Alarm" from Worthington in Capt. Weber's company of minute- 
men, and served to Nov., 1775 ; sergeant, same company, 1777 ; 
was in battle of Stillwater {Mass. Soldiers and Sailor's in the 
Rev'n, 9 :686) . He d. Aug. 19, 1815, at Worthington. 

Children of Ebenezer and Abigail (Avery) Leonard, b. at 
Preston : 

i. Benjamin", b. June 11, 1766. 

ii. Sarah', b. March 20, 1768. 

iii. William', b. May 16, 1770; d. April 1, 1794, in the West Indies. 

283. Sarah*' Avery (Theophilus^ Edward*^, James^, James-, 
Christopher^) was b. Dec. 2, 1750, at North Parish of Groton 
(now Ledyard) ; m. Jabez Brewster, s, of Joseph and Dorothy 
(Witter) Brewster. He was b. March 16, 1747, at Preston. She 
d. June 13, 1773 ; he d. May 12, 1802, both at Preston. 

Child of Jabez and Sarah (Avery) Brewster, b. at Preston: 

i. Benajah', b. Nov. 19, 1771; d. Sept. 20, 1795; unm. 

284. Theophilus'^ Avery {Theophilus^, Edward*, James^, 
James-, Christopher^) was b. June 22, 1753, at North Parish of 
Groton (now Ledyard) ; m. Sabra Andrews, dau. of Samuel 
Andrews. He was in Capt. Lemuel Lamb's company, second 
reg't of Conn, light horse, 1779-80 (Conn. Men in the Rev'n, 
556). Mrs. Sabra Avery d. May 5, 1814, at Ledyard; he m. 2d, 
Mrs. Susan Ripley, bom Kelley. He d. Feb. 10, 1839, at Led- 

Children of Theophilus and Sabra (Andrews) Avery, b. at 
Ledyard : 

i. Samuel', b. July 2, 1781; d. Oct. 16, 1801, at Staten Island, 
N. Y.; unm. 
Cynthia', b. June 22, 1784, 
Erastus', b. April 22, 1787. 
Ichabod', b. May 16, 1789. 
Lydia', b. Oct. 15, 1792. 

Lucy', b. Oct. 30, 1794; d. Dec. 6, 1814, at Ledyard; unm. 
vii. Peyton Randolph', b. Sept. 12, 1797; d. April 25, 1830, at 
Ledyard; unm. 
719. viii. Frank', b. Oct. 18, 1802. 










The Sixth Generation 255 

292. Benajah^' Avery {Asa% Edward\ James^ James-, 
Christopher') was b. Dec. 15, 1743, at Groton; m. Sept. 23, 
1773, Bridget Monroe, daii. of Hezekiah and Bridget (Cobb) 
Monroe, of Stonington. He was serg't of militia in Capt. Hub- 
bard Burrows's company, 1776; ensign, 1780 {Conn. Men in the 
Rev'n, 451, 629). She d. Jan. 15, 1795, aged 37 years; he d. 
June 26, 1811, both at Ledyard; both were buried in the Edward 
Avery burying-ground. 

Children of Benajah and Bridget (Monroe) Avery, probably 
b. in the part of Groton that now is Ledyard : 

729. i. Fanny'. 

730. ii. Sabra', b. Dec. 2, 1777. 

731. iii. Bridget', b. June 13, 1780. 

iv. Eunice', b. 1782; d. Feb., 1861; unm. 

732. V. Polly', b. 1784. 

vi. Emily', b. 1794; d. June, 1794, aged 5 months. 

293. Zipporah'' Avery {Aso}', Edward\ James\ James-, 
Christopher') was b. May 22, 1746, at Groton; m. Nov. 5, 1764, 
at Groton, Noah Bailey, s. of Jedediah and Anna Bailey. He was 
b. June 20, 1743, at Groton. She d. Sept., 1804, at Groton. 

294. Esther" Avery {Asa^, Edward*, James"-, James^, Chris- 
topher') was b. Feb. 4, 1756, at Groton; m. March 10, 1775, at 
Stonington, Nathan Swan, s. of Timothy and Mary (Smith) 
Swan, of Stonington. He was b. Jan. 23, 1754, at Stonington. 

Children of Nathan and Esther (Avery) Swan, b. at Ston- 
ington : 

i. Avery', b. July 21, 1776. 

ii. Robert', b. Oct. 22, 1778. 

iii. Asa', b. Oct. 17, 1780; m. Fanny Wheeler. 

iv. Oliver', b. Dec. 21, 1782; m. Phebe Stewart. 

V. DiMis', b. April 28, 1785. 

295. Daniel** Avery {Asa\ Edward*, James^, James-, Chris- 
topher') was b. Feb. 25, 1758, at Groton; m. April 27, 1778, at 
Preston, Sybil Parke, dau. of Moses and Sarah (Brewster) 
Parke. She was b. July 12, 1755, at Preston ; was a descendant 
of Elder William Brewster of the "Mayflower." She d. March 
24, 1811, and was buried in the Edward Avery burying-ground. 

256 The Groton Avery Clan 

He m. 2d, June 4, 1812, at Preston, Mrs. Deborah Starkweather, 

born Brewster, widow of Richard Starkweather. Daniel Avery 
was major in tlie Connecticut state troops. He d. Dec. 1, 1822, 
at Ledyard ; was buried with his sons, Moses and Edward, in the 
Edward Avery burying-ground. His widow d. Nov. 22, 1823, at 

Children of Daniel and Sybil (Parke) Avery, b. in the part 
of Groton that now is Ledyard : 

i. Moses', b. Aug. 17, 1779; d. Dec. 13, 1799, at sea. 

733. ii. Prentice', b. July 19, 1781. 

iii. Lucretia', b. July 18, 1784; d. June 4, 1786, at Ledyard. 

734. iv. Anson', b. Feb. 4, 1786. 

V. Edward', b. Oct. 27, 1789; apprentice to Capt. Joshua Avery, 
carpenter; drowned while skating, January 13, 1807 
(David Avery vis.). 

735. vi. Parke', b. April 7, 1791; in the militia, 1812; probably d, 


736. vii. Daniel', b. Sept. 25, 1793; d. Oct. 17, 1825; probably unm. 

737. viii. Asa', b. Oct. 31, 1797; d. Oct. 27, 1848; probably unm. 

738. ix. Moses', b. Nov. 19, 1799. 

296. Mary'' Avery (Asa', Echvard*, James^, James-, Christo- 
pher^) was b. April 6, 1760, at Groton ; m. April 17, 1783, at 
Groton, Timothy Wightman, of East Lyme. 

Children of Timothy and Mary (Avery) Wightman: 

i. Asa', b. Jan. 19, 1784; m. Mercy Smith; was a merchant and capt. 

of a coasting vessel; d. May 9, 1836, at Waterford. 
ii. Samuel', b. Nov. 17, 1785. 
iii. Polly', b. Sept. 16, 1788. 
iv. Amy', b. Feb. 26, 1795; m. Turner M. Smith; d. June 30, 1863, at 

Berlin Heights, Ohio. 
V. Timothy', b. July 20, 1799; m. Harriet Smith. 

297. David "^ Avery (Asa% Edward*, James"^, James-, Chris- 
topher^) was b. Sept. 5, 1762, at Groton; m. Nov. 12, 1783, at 
Preston, Hannah Avery, dau. of Christopher and Eunice (Pren- 
tice) Avery (No. 339). She was b. June 20, 1763, at Preston. 
David Avery was on the Preston school committee many times. 
He removed to Stockbridge, Mass., about 1800. His wife d. Feb. 
4, 1814, at Patterson, N. Y.; he d. May 11, 1823. 

The Sixth Generation 257 

Children of David and Hannah (Avery) Avery, probably all 

b. at Preston : 

739. i. Oliver', b. Sept. 29, 1784, 

740. ii. AsA', b. Jan. 21, 1786. 

741. iii. Sophia', b. Nov. 2, 1788. 

742. iv. Alfred', b. P^eb. 2, 1791. 

743. v. Austin', b. Dec. 1, 1794. 

744. vi. Shubael', b. Oct. 26, 1797; d. Aug. 2, 1870. 

298. Abigail'' Avery (Parked Ebenezer\ James^, James^, 
Christopher') was bap. May 15, 1737, First Church of Groton; 
m. Robert Niles, son of Nathan and Mary (Northrop) Niles. 
He was b. Sept. 2, 1734, at Groton. He served in the campaign 
ag-ainst the French and Indians in 1757, in Capt. Gallup's com- 
pany. Col. Lyman's reg't {French and Indian War Rolls, 1:190). 
During the Revolutionary M^ar, he was a famous privateer, cap- 
tain and commander of the sloops, "Spy" and "Dolphin." In 

1778, as captain of the "Spy," he skillfully avoided the British 
vessels that were watching for him and made the passage of the 
Atlantic in the shortest time then known. He bore the news 
that the American congress had ratified the treaty with France, 
the only treaty of alliance ever made by the United States. On 
the minutes of the Connecticut council of safety for July 20, 

1779, it is recorded: 

"Capt. Niles came in, having arriv'd home last Saturday after having 
been twice captured &c. — gave an account of his voyage &c. — arrived 
at Paris in 27 days after he sail'd, which was beginning June, 1778, 
and delivered his mail to Dr. Franklin, containing the ratification by 
Congress of the Treaty with France, being the first account he had 
received of that event, which was greatly satisfactory to him and the 
French ministry and nation in general &c." (See Conn. Men in the 
Rev'n, 593 & State Records of Conn., vols. 1 and 2). 
His wife d. Feb. 18, 1790. He was twice married after the death 
of his wife, Abigail. He and his three wives are buried at Nor- 
wich. His tombstone reads as follows : 

Capt. Robert Niles 

A patriot who commanded the Spy 

during the Revolutionary war 

He carried the treaty to France 

and delivered it to Benjamin Franklin. 

Capt. Niles served his Country faithfully 

& died a Christian 

in the year 1818, aged 83 years. 

258 The Groton Avery Clan 

299. Dorothy" Avery {Parke^, Ebenezer*, James^, James-, 
Christovher^) was bap. Aug. 26, 1739, First Church of Groton; 
m. Sept. 11, 1759, at L.roton, John Morgan, s, of James and Mary 
(Morgan) Morgan. He was bap. July 11, 1736, First Church of 
Groton. He d. Nov. 8, 1799, at Groton ; she d. Oct. 19, 1828, at 
Groton ; both were buried in the Avery-Morgan burying-ground. 

Children of John and Dorothy (Avery) Morgan, b. at Gro- 

i. John', b. March 28, 1761; d. April 17, 1840, at Groton; unm. 

ii. Hannah', b. Sept. 5, 1764; m. Ebenezer Avery (No. 693). 

iii. David', b. April 14, 1766; d. June 10, 1805, at Groton; unm. 

iv. Stephen', b. Nov. 19, 1768; m. Sally Barber, who m. 2d, Elias 

Avery (No. 395) ; d. June 6, 1797, at Groton. 
V. Abigail', b. Oct. 26, 1771 ; m. Elisha Morgan; d. April 22, 1796, at 

vi. Amos', b. Oct. 13, 1774; m. Jemima Stoddard; d. July 19, 1845, at 

vii. Experience', b. May 13, 1778; m. Elisha Stoddard; d. May 11, 1819. 
viii. Jasper', b. Jan., 1784; m. Clarissa Holdridge. 

300. Parke'' Avery (Parke^, Ebenezer*, James^, James", 
Christopher^) was b. March 22, 1741, at Groton; bap. May 3, 
1741, First Church of Groton; m. Hannah Morgan, dau. of 
James and Mary (Morgan) Morgan. She was bap. Aug. 13, 
1738, First Church of Groton. James Morgan of Groton, Sept. 
10, 1770, left "all of the rest of my movable estate" to "my two 
daughters, Mary Perkins and Hannah Avery" (Stonington Wills, 
1:215). She had a "Mayflower" ancestry through her mother, 
a descendant of Ruth Brewster, who m. John Picket. 

Parke*' Avery served as second lieutenant in Abel Spicer's 
company. Col. Selden's reg't, 1776 ; in Capt. Wheeler's company, 
1778; was in the battle of Fort Griswold {Conn. Men in the 
Rev% 403, 533, 578, 648). When Lieut. Parke Avery entered 
Fort Griswold, Sept. 6, 1781, he took with him his eldest son, 
Thomas, still in his "teens," who in the engagement fell dead at 
his side. He himself was severely wounded by a bayonet thrust 
that took out an eye, broke the eyebrow, and made a cavity in the 
forehead ; he was left among those slain by the enemy. When, 
after the massacre, they were carrying him out of the fort, his 
abrupt command, "Keep step, boys, keep step; damn it, you 

The Sixth Generation 







260 The Groton Avery Clan I 

shake me," was very startling coming as it did from a supposed 
corpse. He finally recovered and lived forty years more. He 
received a pension and gave it to an aged aunt, Thankful Avery.. 
When President Monroe, himself a colonel in the war, visited 
Fort Griswold in 1817, he received the survivors of the battle in- 
side the ramparts and gave them a cordial welcome. Parke 
Avery and his brother, Ebenezer, were there. In honor of his 
boy who had died at his side in the battle, Lieutenant Avery 
changed the name of his youngest son from Silas Deane to 
Thomas, that the name might be continued in the family. 

February 2, 1779, Parke Avery and Parke Avery, jun., were 
members of a committee to "attend to the business" of inocula- 
tion for Groton. Parke** Avery was constable and surveyor, 1779 ; 
he was one of a committee to purchase grain for the soldiers, 
1781; he was selectman several terms (Groton Selectmen's Min- 
utes) . Before the Revolutionary war, he resided on the farm 
given him by his father on the old turnpike road to Mystic, near 
the ancient grist-mill. A few years after the war he moved to 
the old Avery mansion on Birch Plains, at the head of Poquonock 
Cove, which had been occupied by his ancestors for five genera- 
tions. He was a man of more than ordinary intelligence and of 
genuine wit and humor. When the British fleet bombarded Ston- 
ington Point in 1814, it was almost impossible to keep the old 
man at home. He knew that the British would be defeated and 
he wished to see it done. The sword that he used at Fort Gris- 
wold is in the possession of a descendant. His wife d. Sept. 
26, 1798 ; he died Dec. 20, 1821, both at Groton. 

Children of Parke and Hannah (Morgan) Avery, b. at Gro- 

Thomas', b. about 1765 ; killed at Fort Griswold. 
Youngs', b. April 2, 1767. 

Hannah', b. Sept. 9, 1770; m. Peter Avery (No. 679). 
Thomas', b. Dec. 27, 1778; first named Silas Deane. 

301. Jasper" Avery (Parke^, Ebenezer*, James^, James"^,. 
Christopher^) was bap. Oct. 21, 1744, First Church of Preston; 
m. Elizabeth Smith, dau. of Nathan and Elizabeth (Denison) 
Smith. She was bap. Oct. 6, 1751, First Church of Groton. He 
lived near High Rock, on a farm that his father had given him 








The Sixth Generation 261 

southwest of the old Avery house on Birch Plains. He was killed 
at Fort Griswold, Sept. 6, 1781. His widow m. his brother, 
Ebenezer Avery (No. 302) . It is difficult to determine the names 
of the children of Jasper Avery. May 21, 1787, Stephen Avery 
(No. 304) receipted to Mr. Parke Avery and Mrs. Elizabeth 
Avery, executors of the estate of Jasper Avery, as the guardians 
of Betsey [Elizabeth] Avery, dau. of Jasper Avery. Ebenezer 
Avery (No. 302) receipted, as the guardian of Sally, Jasper, 
Frederick, Polly [Mary], and Cyrus, children of Jasper Avery 
(Stonington Wills, 5 :224) . Cyrus is called the oldest child. 
Children of Jasper and Elizabeth (Smith) Avery: 



Cyrus', b. Nov. 15, 1768. 






Elizabeth', b. Oct. 16, 1772 










302. Ebenezer" Avery {Parke'% Ebenezer^, James^, James'-, 
Christopher^) was bap. Aug. 17, 1746, First Church of Preston; 
m. August 17, 1768, Elizabeth Green, dau. of John Green of New 
London (David Avery ms.). She was b. Sept. 16, 1749; d. Oct. 
31,1784. Ebenezer Avery m. 2d, Mrs. Elizabeth (Smith) Avery, 
the widow of his brother Jasper. She d. Oct. 2, 1789, aged 39 
years. He m. 3d, Mrs. Elizabeth Latham, widow of Giles Latham 
and dau. of John and Deborah (Ledyard) Coleman. August 19, 
1791, Ebenezer Avery and Elizabeth, his wife, of Groton, dau. 
and heir of Deborah Coleman, late of Hartford, deceased, in con- 
sideration of £12. 15s., deeded to the Rev. Aaron Kinne of Groton 

"The whole of Our Right in One third Part in Quantity and Quality of a 
Certain lot or tract of Land, being Part of the Real Estate of John 
Ledyard, Esq., late of Hartford Deed & laid out to the heirs of 
Deborah Coleman aforesaid as Daughter & heir of John Ledyard 
aforesaid, lying in Groton aforesaid & Scituate at a Place called 
Long Hill. . . . Containing about Twenty Acres" {Groton 
Deeds, 11:212). 

She d. Jan. 21, 1797, at Groton. The graves of these three wives 
are in the Ledyard burying-ground in Groton, near that of Eben- 
ezer Avery. He m. 4th, Mrs. Elizabeth Elderkin, widow of John 
Elderkin {David Avery ms.) . She outlived her husband. 


The Groton Avery Clan 








The Sixth Generation 263 

Ebenezer^' Avery was ensign of the first Groton company of 
militia (Conn. Me7i in the Rev'n, 578) . He lived in the house on 
the ferry bank at the corner of Thames and Latham Streets, built 
for him by his father. He took an active part in the Fort Gris- 
wold fight ; he was severely wounded and left among the slain. 
He lived many years and worked at his trade (that of tailor) in 
a room in his own dwelling-house. To this house, at the foot of 
Groton Heights, the wounded were taken after the battle ; there 
many of the dead and dying were identified by their relatives and 
friends. It is said that the blood-stains on the floors were to be 
seen for years. The house now bears a commemorative tablet 
placed by the Children of the American Revolution. Ebenezer 
Avery died Jan. 10, 1828, at Groton, and was buried in the Led- 
yard burying-ground. He was a pensioner of the Revolutionary 

Children of Ebenezer and Elizabeth (Green) Avery, b. at 
Groton : 

754. i. Elizabeth', bap. July 16, 1769, First Church of Groton. 

755. ii. Ebenezer', b. March 4, 1771. 

756. iii. Lydia', b. April 4, 1773; m. Daniel Avery (No. 394). 
iv. John Green', d. Sept. 22, 1777, at Groton. 

757. V. Elisha'. In his record of the Groton Averys, Mr. Sweet here 

enters the name of a son, Elisha, but careful investiga- 
tion and the discovery of new data have established the 
fact that the assignment is erroneous. There was an 
Elisha; we have been in correspondence with his de- 
scendants, but have not yet established their connection 
with the Groton Averys. 

Child of Ebenezer and Elizabeth (Smith) Avery, b. at Gro- 
ton : 

758. i. Frances', b. Aug. 4, 1787. 

Children of Ebenezer and Elizabeth (Coleman) Avery, b. at 
Groton : 

759. i. John Coleman', b. May 18, 1792. 

ii. Orlando', d. Sept. 18, 1821, at Groton, aged 25; unm. 

303. Eunice- Avery {Parks'^, Ebenezer*, James^, James-, 
Christopher^) M^as bap. Nov. 13, 1748, First Church of Groton; 
m. Solomon Morgan, s. of Solomon and Mary (Walsworth) Mor- 
gan. He was b. Feb. 4, 1745, at Groton. He was a minister; 
was settled over Nazareth Church at Voluntown in April, 1772 ; 

264 The Groton Avery Clan 

in September, 1783, he was settled over the church at Canter- 
bury. His wife d. May 2, 1793, probably at Canterbury. He is 
said to have gone to North Canaan in 1798, where he d. Sept. 3, 
1804. In 1784, he delivered at Groton, one of the first of the 
series of Fort Griswold anniversary sermons. He m. 2d, the 
Widow Haskell. In his will, he mentioned the children named 
below, except Lucy who was not living. 

Children of Solomon and Eunice (Avery) Morgan : 

i. Solomon', b. abt. 1772; at Yale College, 1791; d. unm. 
ii. Parke', b. Aug. 13, 1774, at Voluntown {Voluntown Rec). 
iii. William', b. June 15, 1777, at Voluntown {Voluntown Rec). 
iv. Lucy', b. Dec. 6, 1778, at Voluntown {Voluntown Rec.) ; d. 

Dec. 10, 1796, at Plainfield. 
V. Heman'. 

vi. Elisha', b. June 7, 1782, at Plainfield {Plainfield Rec). 
vii. Eunice'. 
viii. Mary'. 
ix. Nancy'. 

304. Stephen" Avery {Parke^, Ebenezer\ James\ James-, 
Christopher^) was b. May 10, 1751, at Groton; m. Mary Deni- 
son, dau. of John and Abigail (Avery) Denison (No. 176). She 
d. Feb. 27, 1815, at Groton. He m. 2d, April 26, 1818, Fanny 
Barnes. She was b. Sept. 16, 1791. He d. June 15, 1827, at Gro- 
ton. She d. Sept. 16, 1874, at Groton. The Hon. Richard Anson 
Wheeler of Stonington was authority for the statement that the 
Stephen Avery who m. Mary Denison and the Stephen Avery 
who m. Fanny Barnes was one and the same person. In spite of 
the high authority, we doubt the above record and think that two 
Stephens have been united as one. Was not the Stephen who m. 
Fanny Barnes, s. of the one who m. Mary Denison ? 

Children of Stephen and Fanny (Barnes) Avery, b. at Gro- 

i. Mary', b. Feb. 19, 1819; d. Aug. 23, 1825, at Groton. 
760. ii. Eliza', b. March 23, 1721. 

iii. Stephen', b. Feb. 8, 1827; d. April 18, 1827, at Groton. 

305. Simeon*' Avery {Parke'% Ebenezer*, James', James-, 
Christopher') was b. Oct. 20, 1753, at Groton; m. Feb. 25, 1777, 
at Groton, Lucy Swan, dau. of Joseph and Elizabeth (Smith) 
Swan. She was b. March 10, 1760, at Stonington and d. June 28, 

The Sixth Generation 265 

1794, at Groton. He m. 2d, Feb. 12, 1795, at Groton, Elizabeth 
Billings, dau. of Stephen and Mary (Avery) Billings (No. 271). 
She was b. Aug. 14, 1766, at Groton. 

Simeon Avery enlisted in the first regiment of Conn, line, 
as ensign, Jan, 1, 1777 ; was second lieutenant, Jan. 1, 1778 ; first 
lieutenant, Nov. 15, 1778; later became adjutant and continued 
as such until 1781. He was in the battles of White Plains, Ger- 
mantown, Monmouth, and Stony Point and endured the hard- 
ships of Valley Forge. The following letters are in the posses- 
sion of Miss Annie M. Avery, a descendant : 

Valley Forge, 23rd March, 1778. 

Dear Wife, 

I have one opportunity more to wright a few lines which I 
gladly imbrace to inform you that I still enjoy a comfortable state 
of health, which we have need to thank God for, and desire these 
lines may find you injoying the same blessing and our child with 

I have nothing strange to inform you of at present, the Committee is 
now setting in order to regulate affairs, which I suppose will soon 
be settled, as there is a number of officers more than will be needed 
and I suppose there will be some of us will be discharged, and I 
suppose, or intend, to be one of them. So might conclude with my 
best love to you and love to all Brothers and Sisters and all friends, 
and desire these lines leave me so I desire they may find my loving 
Wife, this is the true desire of your Loving Husband and friend — 

Simeon Avery. 

P. S. Remember me to your Grandfather and G. mother and all friends. 
Give my compliments to Mr. Edgecombe and tell him that Gilbert is 

well and hartyer than ever I saw him in my life. 
I desire you would write the first opportunity and you will oblige your 

Humble Servant. S. A. 

Orangetown, August 19, 1780. 

Dear Partner, 

1 acknowledge receipt to your letter by Mr. Billings. Should have an- 
swered it before had I an opportunity of Convenience, which I am 
sensible you are confident of, as My greatest happiness consists in 
your welfare. 

I have nothing but the old subject to write upon, just to inform you that 
I have enjoyed my health perfectly since I left You, except acquaint- 
ing you with my circvimstances and repeating to you my necessities, 
which I am sensible it is not in your power to relieve, and which I 
do not wish you to be troubled with. 


The Groton Avery Clan 







The Sixth Generation 267 

I wrote to Dadd a few days ago asking him to help me to Lining for 
Vest and Breeches, which I am entirely destitute of. If he has pro- 
cured any I think he may have an opportunity to send it by Capt. 
Richards, who will return in a short time. 

I am very uneasy when I reflect upon your Circumstances, thinking you 
might have stood in need of assistance, but it has not been in my 
power to relieve your wants, as I have not drawn wages since I re- 
turned to Camp. 

I have only just time to Confirm my sincerity by subscribing myself 
your Sincere friend and Affectionate Husband, 

Sim'n Avery. 

Mrs. Lucy Avery. 

Please write the first opportunity. 

Duty to Dadd and Mamme, Compliments to all friends Your Grand- 
father and Mamme in particular. I had intended to have been at 
home before this but been disappointed, think I shall not till next 
Winter. S. Avery. 

Simeon Avery was an important citizen of Groton in times 
of peace. He was selectman and member of the school commit- 
tee. He became colonel of militia and was known as CoL Simeon 
Avery and is so recorded on his tombstone. April 20, 1778, he 
received permission to free his slave, Joseph, aged 25; who was 
"able bodied and industrious and not likely to become a charge on 
the town." He d. Aug. 1, 1796 ; his wife, Elizabeth, d. Oct. 31, 
1805. He and both his wives are buried in the Avery-Morgan 

Children of Simeon and Lucy (Swan) Avery, b. at Groton: 
i. Lucy', b. Jan. 20, 1778; d. July 16, 1791, at Groton. 

761. ii. Elisha\ b. Dec. 11, 1780. 

iii. Stephen', b. Nov. 13, 1783; d. Aug. 21, 1798, at Groton. 

762. iv. Robert Niles', b. Sept. 1, 1785. 

763. V. Joseph Swan', b. Oct., 1787. 

764. vi. Frederick Allyn', b. March 5, 1789. 

765. vii. Mary', b. Dec. 22, 1790. 

766. viii. Lucy', b. Sept. 12, 1792; m. John Parke Avery (No. 1694). 

According to Mr. Sweet's The Averys of Groton, she m. 
2d, John O. Miner of Groton. We are unable to prove 
this or to ascertain which John O. Miner is meant. 

767. ix. Simeon', b. March 22, 1794; d. Nov. 10, 1825, at Groton. 

Child of Simeon and Elizabeth (Billings) Avery, b. at Gro- 

768. i. Martha Billings', b. March 17, 1796. 

268 The Groton Avery Clan 

306. Margaret" Avery {Ebefiezer^, Ebenezei'*, James^, 
James-, Christopher^) was b. April 15, 1748, at Preston; bap. 
May 6, 1748, First Church of Preston; m. March 19, 1767, at 
Preston, Elisha Parke, s. of Paul and Sarah (Smith) Parke. He 
was b. Oct. 2, 1746. at Preston. She d. Jan. 22, 1770; he m. 2d, 
Hannah Belton. He d. July 5, 1812, at Preston. 

Children of Elisha and Margaret (Avery) Parke, b. at Pres- 

i. Lucy', b. Feb. 18, 1768; m. Richard Fanning; d. Sept. 19, 

1793, at Preston Plains, 
ii. Ephraim', b. Jan. 14, 1770; m. Sybil Kimball; 2d, Elizabeth 
Davids; d. Sept. 15, 1816, in Ontario Co., N. Y. 

307. Dorothy" Avery (Ebenezer^, Ebenezer*, James^, 
James'-, Christophr^) was b. Sept. 13, 1750, at Preston; bap. Oct. 
28, 1750, First Church of Preston ; m. Powers. 

308. Amy*' Avery {Ebenezer'% Ebenezer*, James% James'-, 
Christopher^) was b. Sept. 22, 1754, at Preston; bap. Oct. 29, 
1754, First Church of Preston; m. Sept. 6, 1775, at Preston, 
Nathaniel Stanton, s. of Nathaniel and Mary (Coit) Stanton. 
He served on the galley "Shark" under his brother, Capt. Theo- 
philus Stanton, in 1776, and on the ship "Oliver Trumbull" in 
1779 (Conn. Men in the Rev'n, 594 & Rev. Rolls. 262). The 
"Shark" was probably captured, as Nathaniel Stanton was made 
prisoner and was kept two years in Canada. After the war, he 
was captain of a merchant vessel and, in 1785, was lost at sea in 
a hurricane in the West Indies. She m. 2d, March 20, 1794, at 
Preston, Ezra Benjamin She d. Sept., 1838, at Preston. 

Children of Nathaniel and Amy (Avery) Stanton, b. at 
Preston : 

i. AvERr, b. 1776; d. 1794. 

ii. Theophilus', b. 1778; d. 1790. 

iii. Nathaniel', b. 1780; died in infancy. 

iv. Martha', b. Aug., 1783; ni. David Frink; 2d, Timothy Avery 
of Spencer. His parentage is not known, but it is said 
that he was a distant cousin. They had one child, Har- 
riet, who m. Benjamin Lott of Spencer. 

V. Hannah', b. March 11, 1786; m. April 28, 1808, Daniel Bald- 
win; d. Mai-ch 19, 1877. Their son, John Denison Bald- 
win, was b. Sept. 28, 1809, at North Stonington; was of 

The Sixth Generation 269 

Yale College; New Haven Theological Seminary; pastor 
of Congregational church, at Woodstock; at North Bran- 
ford; at Killingly; editor of the "Republican" at Hart- 
ford; editor and part owner of the "Daily and Weekly 
Commonwealth," Boston; owner (with his sons) of the 
"Spy," W^orcester, Mass. He represented the Worcester 
district in congress from 1863 to 1869. He was the 
author of The Pre-Historic Nations and Ancient Amer- 
ica, issued by Harper & Brothers. In connection with the 
Rev. William Clift, he compiled the Denison Genealogy, 
issued in 1881. He furnished much material to Homer 
D. L. Sweet for The Averys of Groton. 

Child of Ezra and Amy (Avery) Benjamin, b. at Preston: 

i. Eunice', b. June 24, 1795; d. unm. 

309. Ebenezer" Avery {Ehenezer^, Ehenezer*, James^, 
James-, Christopher^) was b. Oct. 10, 1760, at Preston; m. Dec. 
11, 1783, at Preston, Abigail Story, dan. of Solomon and Eliza- 
beth (Thomas) Story. She was b. Aug. 5, 1762, at Preston ; d. 
April 1, 1794, at Preston. He m. 2d, Dec. 13, 1795, Mary Allyn, 
dau. of John Allyn, from whom she inherited land (Groton 
Deeds, 14:214). She was b. Sept. 4, 1770; d. July 1, 1853, at 
Preston. He enlisted in the Revolution from Preston in Capt. 
Boardman's company. Col.; carried from Boston to 
Philadelphia the specie to pay the soldiers ; applied Aug. 2, 1832, 
for a pension which was granted (Pension Bureau Records & 
Conn. Men in the Rev'n, 661). He represented Preston in the 
state legislature. He d. June 15, 1856, at Preston. 

Children of Ebenezer and Abigail (Story) Avery, b. at Pres- 
ton : 

AsA\ b. May 16, 1785. 

Eunice', b. Aug. 14, 1786. 

Solomon Story', b. Feb. 28, 1788. 

Sabra', b. March 4, 1790. 

Mary', b. Feb. 22, 1792. 

John Stanton', b. Feb. 22, 1794. 

Children of Ebenezer and Mary (Allyn) Avery, b. at Pres- 

Ebenezer', b. Aug. 16, 1797. 
Hannah Morgan', b. Dec. 21, 1798. 
iii. Elisha', b. March 30, 1800; d. June 16, 1829; unm. 
777. iv. Lucy Allyn', b. April 4, 1802. 


















270 The Groton Avery Clan 

778. V. Benjamin Franklin', b. May 18, 1804. 
vi. Allen^ b. Feb. 11, 1806; d. May 18, 1806. 

779. vii. Albert G.', b. July 16, 1808. 

780. viii. George S.', b. July 18, 1811. 

310. Sarah" Avery (Simeon^, Ebenezer*, James^, James^, 
Christopher^) was b. Feb. 4, 1754, at Groton; m. about 1774, 
Elisha Perkins, s. of Elnathan and Mary (Phillips) Perkins. He 
was bap. April 5, 1747, First Church of Groton. He was killed at 
Fort Griswold, Sept. 6, 1781. His father was killed at the same 
time. His widow m. 2d, William Wood, s. of William and Honor 
(Adams) Wood. He d. Nov. 2, 1800, at Groton, "in the 51st year 
of his age" {Tombstone in Wood Family burying-ground) . 

"Sarah Wood, relict of William Wood, formerly the widow of Elisha 
Perkins, died June 26, 1824, aged 70 years" {Tombstone in Starr 
bui-ying-ground) . 

Her children by her second marriage went to New Milford, 
in the almost unbroken wilderness of Susquehanna County, Penn- 

Children of Elisha and Sarah (Avery) Perkins, b. at Gro- 

i. Elisha', died young. 

ii. Mary', died young. 

iii. Sarah', b. about 1779; m. Thomas Gray; d, Dec. 3, 1847, at 

Groton, "aged 68 years" {Tombstone) . 
iv. Catharine', b. about 1781; m. William Gray, brother of 

Children of William and Sarah (Avery) Wood, b. at Gro- 

i. William', b. March 28, 1784; m. Betty Darrow; d. Dec. 2, 

1859, at Southport, Conn, 
ii. Robertson', b. Dec. 8, 1789; m. Lucretia E. Kingsley; d. 
April 15, 1843, at New Milford, Penn. 

311. Lucy" Avery {Simeon°, Ehenezer*, James^, James'', 
Christopher^) was b. March 24, 1756; m. Jonathan Denison. 

312. Nathan''' Avery {Simeon^, Ebenezer*, James^, James^, 
Christopher^) was b. March 31, 1759, at Groton; m. Feb. 20, 
1782, at Hebron, Anna Ayers, dau. of John and Abigail (Cook) 
Ayers. She was b. March 31, 1758, at Middletown. Nathan 










The Sixth Generation 271 

Avery was in Capt. Edward Mott's company, 1776; was in the 
battle of White Plains; was discharged at New Castle, late in 
1776; served three months in 1779, at Fort Trumbull; seived 
two tours of three months each, terminating at Fort Griswold, 
Sept. 6, 1781 ; applied, June, 1832, for a pension which was 
granted (Pension Bureau Records, & Conn. Men in the Revolu- 
tion, 617). He was a farmer, and lived at Fairlee and Orford, 
N. H., and at Newbury, Vt. His wife d. May 22, 1840 ; he d. Jan. 
16, 1841, both at Newbury. 

Children of Nathan and Anna (Ayers) Avery: 

Twins', b. and d. May, 1783, at Fairlee, N. H. 
Nathan', b. March 6, 1786, at Orford, N. H. 
Ann', b. March 17, 1788, at Fairlee. 
George Washington', b. Dec. 12, 1789, at Newbury, Vt. 
Simeon', b. July 19, 1791. 
vi. Sarah Ayers', b. May 7, 1793, at Newbury; d. Aug. 21, 
1814, at Newbury; unm. 
785. vii. John Ayers', b. Aug. 18, 1795, at Newbury. 

313. Catharine" Avery {Simeon^, Ebenezer*, James^, James-, 
Christopher^) was b. Sept. 24, 1761, at Groton; m. Dec. 9, 1779, 
at Preston, Elisha Witter, s. of William and Hannah (Freeman) 
Witter. He was b. April 27, 1755, at Preston; d. about 1783, 
leaving no children. His widow m. 2d, Jan. 18, 1785, Sluman 
Lathrop, s. of Capt. Elisha and Hannah (Hough) Lathrop, He 
was b. Sept. 25, 1750, at Norwich. They lived at Lebanon, N. H., 
where he d. Dec. 4, 1834 ; she d. March 17, 1846. 

Children of Sluman and Catharine (Avery) Lathrop, b. at 
Lebanon, N. H. 

i. Amos', b. May 4, 1787; d. Nov. 20, 1798, at Lebanon. 

ii. Hannah Niles', b. Feb. 15, 1789; m. Nehemiah Huntington; 

d. March 24, 1863; s. p. 
iii. Catharine', b. Jan. 11, 1795; d. Nov. 16, 1796, at Lebanon, 
iv. George Hough', b. Aug. 17, 1796; m. Lois Waldo; d. March 

23, 1878, at Lebanon. 

314. Mary'' Avery (Simeon'', Ehenezer*, James'^, James^, 
Christopher'^) was b. March 10, 1764, at Groton; m. Feb. 14, 
1787, Isaac Miner, s. of Thomas and Desire (Denison) Miner. 
He was b. June 17, 1764, at Groton. He lived at Littleton and 
Whitefield, N. H. ; was a farmer; a Revolutionary soldier ; d. at 

272 The Groton Avery Clan 

Whitefield, July 11, 1847 ; she d. there April 27, 1843. 
Children of Isaac and Mary (Avery) Miner : 

i. Sarah', b. Jan. 15, 1789; m. James Badger; 2d, William 

ii. Simeon Avery', b. May 12, 1791; m. Mary P. Orcott. 
iii. Elisha Perkins', b. Jan. 28, 1793; m. Eliza Berry; d. Nov. 

6, 1875, at Littleton. 
iv. Mary', b. March 16, 1795; m. Enoch Wing; d. at Lyndon, 

V. Hannah Avery', b. July 20, 1797; m. Seth Morse, 
vi. Lucy', b. Oct. 4, 1799; m. Chauncey Hall, 
vii. Desire Denison', b. Feb. 9, 1802; m. Bela Orcott. 
viii. Catharine Lathrop', b. June 21, 1804; m. Samuel Taylor 

Morse; d. June 11, 1873, at Littleton. 
ix. Isaac', b. March 7, 1807; m. Sally Pearson. 
X. Lodowick', b. June 19, 1809; d. unm. 

315. Hannah*' Avery (Simeon^, Ebenezer*, James^, James^, 
Christopher'^) was b. May 16, 1768, at Groton; m. Capt. Samuel 
Morey, s. of General Israel and Martha (Palmer) Morey, of 
Hebron, who moved to Orford, N. H., about 1766. He was b. Oct. 
23, 1762, at Hebron, He acquired large landed estates on both 
sides of the Connecticut River ; was extensively engaged in lum- 
bering and had superior mechanical and scientific talents. He 
built the locks at Bellows Falls; patented a revolving steam 
engine in 1815 ; took out a patent for an engine to propel boats 
in 1795 and, later, other patents for the same purpose, all of 
which were successfully applied. His wife d. April 21, 1822, at 
Orford, N. H. ; he d. April 17, 1843, at Fairlee, Vt. They are 
said to have had one daughter, who m. the Hon. Leonard Wilcox, 
judge and United States senator. 

316. Jesse'' Avery (Simeon^, Ehenezer*, James^, James^, 
Christopher^) was b. Oct. 22, 1771, at Groton; m. May, 1803, at 
Orford, N. H., Elizabeth Piatt, dau. of Eben and (Ames) Piatt. 
She w^as b. Sept. 26, 1782, at Ringe, N. H. He was a carpenter. 
He d. Feb, 13, 1824, at Orford; she d. March 23, 1846, at the 
same place. 

Children of Jesse and Elizabeth (Piatt) Avery, b. at Orford, 

N. H.: 

786. i. Elizabeth', b. May 5, 1805. 

787. ii. Marian', b. May 8, 1807. 

The Sixth Generation 273 

788. iii. Eben Platt', b. Sept. 14, 1809. 

789. iv. Almira Morey', b. May 19, 1812. 

790. V. Joshua K.', b. Oct. 22, 1815. 

791. vi. Susan Colston', b. Oct. 4, 1820. 

792. vii. Mahalah Platt', b. June 13, 1824. 

317. Silas'' Avery {Simeon^, Ebenezer*, James^, James^, 
Christopher'') was b. Sept. 11, 1773, at Groton. He lived in 
Orford, N. H., and was deacon of the church there. He is sup- 
posed to have married and to have left children. He d. Jan. 28, 
1827, at Orford. 

318. Joshua" Avery (Simeon\ Ebenezer*, James^, James^, 
Christopher') was b. March 16, 1777, at Groton; m. Dec. 27, 
1807, at Arlington, Mass., Mary Ann Russell, dau. of Thomas 
and Anna (Whittemore) Russell. She was b. Sept. 25, 1783, at 
Arlington ; d. March 1, 1823, at same place. He was "published" 
Nov. 29, 1827, at Arlington, and m. Sarah Wheeler. He was a 
carpenter ; member of the school committee, 1823-1826 ; select- 
man, 1826-1836 ; was thanked by the town in 1837 for his long 
and valuable services. He d. April 23, 1840, at Arlington ; she 
d. Oct. 8, 1867, at same place. 

Children of Joshua and Mary Ann (Russell) Avery, b. at 
Arlington : 

Thomas Russell', b. June 5, 1809. 
Chakles Park', b. April 19, 1812. 
Mary Ann', b. Aug. 14, 1816. 
Alexander Pope', b. May 2, 1818. 

319. Simeon Hyde'' Avery (Simeon^, Ebenezer*, James^, 
James-, Christopher'') was b. Jan. 13, 1787; m. about 1811, 
Rebecca Passmore, dau, of Henry and Martha (Busel?) Pass- 
more. She w^as b. Aug. 1, 1795, near York, Penn. He was a 
potter. He d. Jan. 3, 1835, near Miami, O. ; she d. April 4, 1878, 
in Hancock County, 111. 

Children of Simeon Hyde and Rebecca (Passmore) Avery: 

i. Martha', b. Aug. 3, 1813, at Cincinnati; d. Sept. 4, 1814, at 
John Leek', b. Sept. 25, 1815, at Cincinnati. 
Oliver Spenser', b. April 28, 1817, at Miami, Ohio. 
Henry Passmore', b. Nov. 19, 1819, at Miami. 















274 The Groton Avery Clan 

808. V. Simeon Hyde', b. March 6, 1824, at Miami. 

809. vi. Emeline', b. Jan. 7, 1828, at Miami. 

vii. Caroline', b. March 17, 1829; d. June 17, 1830. 

320. John*'' Avery {John^, Christopher^ James\ James-, 
Christopher^) was b. Dec. 6, 1732, at Preston; m. Jan. 22, 1752, 
at Preston, Mary Parke, dau. of Robert and Elizabeth (Benja- 
min) Parke. She was bap. Feb. 18, 1733, at First Church of 
Preston. Her father, Robert Parke, in his will, made Sept. 13, 
1777, remembered his grandchildren, John Avery, Zlpporah 
Williams, Samuel, William, and Hannah Avery, heirs of his 
daughter, Mary Avery. She was a member of the Separatist 
Church of Preston, and the children were bap. there in her name. 
She d. Jan. 14, 1769-70, at Preston. He m. 2d, April 14, 1770, 
Experience Stanton, dau. of Nathaniel and Mary (Coit) Stan- 
ton. John*' Avery, his second wife, and their five children were 
bap. at the Separatist Church, June 27, 1781. He lived on the 
east side of Avery Pond, in Ledyard. He was a farmer and gold- 
smith. He also made brass-wheeled clocks, some of which are 
said to be still in running order. He taught this trade to four of 
his sons, John, Samuel, William, and Robert. He was justice of 
the peace many years; selectman of Preston, 1774, 1775. In 
May, 1774, he was commissioned ensign of the train band of 
Preston; in Oct., 1774, lieutenant {Conn. Col. Rec, 14:266, 334). 
From the Preston town records we copy the following : 

Nov. 21, 1774. "And whereas a strict observance to the plan adopted 
and agreed to by said congress [at Philadelphia] appears the best 
method of maintaining our just rights and privileges, this meeting 
made choice of John Avery, Jr. [and fourteen others] to be a com- 
mittee to inspect the conduct of the inhabitants of said Preston and 
all other persons within the same that they strictly comply with the 
several articles agreed to by the said Congress." 

This refers to "The Association of the United Colonies" (the 
non-importation agreement) adopted by the first continental con- 
gress, and signed by its members, October 20, 1774. For further 
particulars, see Avery's History of the United tStates and its 
People, vol. 5, page 222. 

December 10, 1776, John Avery, Jr., was chosen one of the 
committee of inspection for Preston for the coming year. Jan- 
uary 5, 1778, he was one of a committee "chosen to make a draft 

The Sixth Generation 275 

to instruct our deputies to the General Assembly to be convened 
at Hartford on the second Thursday of January to adopt articles 
of Confederation." He was deputy from Preston, Oct., 1771 
(Conn. Col. Rec, 13:511). In the Connecticut State Records 
(1 :129) , under date of Dec, 1776, we read : 

"Resolved by this Assembly that John Avery Jr., of Preston, be and he 
is hereby appointed in addition to the committee appointed to pro- 
cure and purchase fire arms in this state agreeable to the acts and 

Being too frail to go into active service himself he procured and 
paid a substitute who served during the war and came home 

In his will, made March 28, 1793, he mentioned all his sons, 
and his daus., Zipporah Cook, Hannah Avery, and Mary Avery 
(Nortuich Wills, 9 :51) . He d. July 23, 1794, at Preston. In the 
settlement of his estate, his son, John, is called "eldest son of 
said deceased by a former venture." 

Children of John and Mary (Parke) Avery, b. at Preston: 

i. Elizabeth^ b. Aug. 22, 1752; died young. 

810. ii. Zipporah', b. Sept. 22, 1753. 

811. iii. John', b. Dec. 14, 1755. 

iv. Anna', b. Dec. 3, 1757; d. Nov. 29, 1769. 

812. V. Samuel', b. June 4, 1760. 

vi. Robert', b. Sept. 28, 1762; d. May 21, 1764. 

813. vii. William', b. March 22, 1765. 

814. viii. Hannah', b. Dec. 17, 1767; m. David Avery (No. 1401). 

Children of John and Experience (Stanton) Avery, b. at 
Preston : 

815. i. Robert Stanton', b. Feb. 25, 1771. 

ii. Nathaniel', b. May 14, 1773. The inventory of his estate 
was taken Dec. 9, 1846, he being "an «iged and super- 
anuated person." He d. March 10, 1847, at Preston; 

816. iii. Amos', b. Nov. 3, 1774. 

iv. Jonas', b. March 17, 1777; d. Sept. 24, 1778. 

V. Mary', b. July 14, 1779; d. Dec. 31, 1828, at Preston; unm. 

817. vi. Christopher', b. Oct. 4, 1781. 

321. Abigail'' Avery (John^, Christopher*, James^, James^, 
Christopher'^) was b. April 1, 1735, at Preston; m. John Hurl- 
but, s. of John and Mary (Stoddard) Hurlbut. He was b. March 

276 The Groton Avery Clan 

12, 1729-30. He was a member of the committee for Groton, just 
before the war. He bought a right in the Susquehanna company 
and, in 1778, emigrated to that country. He was a deputy to the 
Connecticut assembly from Westmoreland, 1779, 1780, 1781 
{Conn. State Rec, 2:251). He and his sons, Christopher, John, 
and Naphtali, were all members of Capt. John Franklin's com- 
pany of militia (American Monthly Magazine, 19 :265) . He was 
deacon of the church and, in absence of the clergyman at 
Wyoming, frequently read the sermon. He d. March 10, 1782, at 
Hanover, Penn. ; she d. Nov. 29, 1805, at Pittston, Penn. 

Children of John and Abigail (Avery) Hurlbut, b. at Gro-^ 

i. Christopher', b. May 30, 1757; m. Elizabeth Mann. They 

were the ancestors of Henry W. Hoyt, governor of Penn. 

He d. April 21, 1831, at Arkport, N. Y. 
ii. John', b. Feb. 21, 1760; m. Hannah Millet; d. Feb., 1813, at. 

Palmyra, N. Y. 
iii. Anna', b. Jan. 5, 1763; m. Elisha Blackman; d. Jan. 6, 

1828, at Hanover, Penn. 
iv. Catharine', b. March 18, 1764-65; m. William Hyde; d. 

Sept. 24, 1804, at Arkport, N. Y. 
V. Naphtali', b. Aug. 12, 1767; m. Olive Smith; sheriff of 

Luzerne County, Penn., for many years; d. March 28, 

1844, at Burns, N. Y. 
vi. Stephen', b. Feb. 9, 1770; d. Feb. 28, 1779, at Shawaugunk,, 

N. Y., on his way to the Susquehanna country, 
vii. Abigail', b. Sept., 1772; d. June 29, 1778; on her way west, 
viii. Lydia', b. July 10, 1775; m. John Tiffany; d. May 17, 1852, 

at Arkport, N. Y. 

322. Amos'"' Avery {John^, Christopher*, James^, James^, 
Christopher^) was b. April 16, 1737; m. April 14, 1762, at Pres- 
ton, Hannah Niles, daughter of Nathaniel and Mary (Northrop) 
Niles. She was b. Nov. 4, 1744, at Groton. He was deacon of the 
Separatist Church of Preston. They had no children but brought 
up several belonging to their relatives. Their tombstones, in the 
Avery cemetery at Preston, bear the following inscriptions : 

"Hannah Avery, the amiable wife of Deacon Amos Avery, departed this, 
life May 5, 1808, aged 63 years & 6 months." 

"Deacon Amos Avery died June 5, 1824, aged 87 years." '' 

The Sixth Generation 277 

323. Anna" Avery {Johri', Christopher^, James', James'-, 
Christopher') was b. May 28, 1739, at Preston; m. June 6, 1762, 
at Groton, Thomas Northrop Niles, s. of Nathaniel and Mary 
(Northrop) Niles. He was b. Dec. 9, 1739, at Groton. He was a 
farmer ; d. May 6, 1796 ; she d. April 10, 1816, both at Groton. 

Children of Thomas Northrop and Anna (Avery) Niles, b. 
at Groton : 

i. Northrop', b. May 26, 1763; d. Dec. 4, 1807, at Groton, 

ii, Amos Avery', b. March 19, 1766; m. Anna Allyn; d. Jan. 

31, 1843, at Salem, 
iii. Jonas', b. April 13, 1768; d. Feb. 6, 1769, at Groton. 
iv. Phoebe', b. Feb. 11, 1770; d. Feb. 14, 1772, at Groton. 
V. Paul Frederick', b. July 22, 1772; m. Sabra Avery (No. 

vi. John Avery', b. Aug. 30, 1774; d. March 29, 1779, at Groton. 
vii. Silas', b. Jan. 26, 1777; m. Bridget Avery (No. 731). 
viii. Joseph Stanton', b. Dec. 26, 1778; d. Dec. 9, 1841, at 
Salem; unm. 

324. Margaret'"' Avery {John% Christopher^ James^, 
James-, Christopher') was b. April 19, 1741, at Preston; m. Dec. 
21, 1758, at Preston, Joshua Downer, s. of Andrew and Sarah 
(Lazell) Downer. He was b. at Norwich, Aug. 6, 1735. He was 
a private in the campaign of 1755 ; as a physician, he cared for 
the wounded after the battle of Fort Griswold. She d. July 26, 
1760, at Preston. He married a second time and had a large 
family. He d. July 11, 1795, at Preston. 

Child of Joshua and Margaret (Avery) Downer, b. at Pres- 

i. Margaret', b. July 17, 1760; died young. 

325. Isaac" Avery {John'', Christopher*, James% James-, 
Christopher') was b. March 24, 1743, at Preston; m. Jan. 5, 
1766, at Preston, Mercy Williams, dau. of William and Margaret 
(Cook) WiHiams. She was b. Oct. 24, 1743, at Groton. He 
served in the "Lexington Alarm"; sergeant in Capt. James 
Morgan's co., eighth regiment, 1776 (Conn. Men in the Rev'n, 
20, 453) . October 10, 1788, Capt. John Avery deeded land to his 
beloved son. Major Isaac Avery (Preston Deeds, 11:18), In the 
settlement of his estate, he is called colonel. His will was made 
June 14, 1812; he d. June 17, 1812, at Preston; will was pro- 









278 The Groton Avery Clan 

bated June 24, 1812; heirs were widow, Mercy Avery; sons, 
William and Isaac ; children of son, Amos ; daus., Nabby Crary, 
Margaret Avery, Mercy Grant (Norivich Wills, 12 :18, 355) . His 
widow d. Dec. 14, 1814, at Preston. He, his wife, and his chil- 
dren, William Williams, Margaret, and Henry Alfred, are buried 
in the Avery cemetery at Preston. 

Children of Isaac and Mercy (Williams) Avery, t). at Pres- 

i. William Williams', b. Feb. 28, 1767; called captain; 
willed his property to his brothers and sisters and their 
heirs (Norwich Wills, 12:164); d. March 25, 1813, at 
Preston ; unm. 
Amos', b. June 16, 1769. 
Isaac', b. Aug. 10, 1771. 

John STANTON^ b. Oct. 7, 1774; d. Feb. 15, 1792, at Pres- 
Abigail', b. Oct. 13, 1776. 

MARGAREr, b. Feb. 23, 1779; d. Sept. 20, 1856, at Preston; 
left a long will that determined many relationships. 
821. vii. Mercy', b. May 14, 1781. 

viii. Henry Alfred', b. Oct. 14, 1783; d. Feb. 15, 1802, at Pres- 

326. Jonas'^ Avery {Johiv', Christopher*, James^, James', 
Christopher^) was b. July 15, 1745, at Preston; m. Jan. 16, 1772, 
at Preston, Mary Avery (No. 268), dau. of John and Mary 
(Dennis) Avery. She was b. June 21, 1753, at Groton. She m. 
2d, Samuel Avery (No. 560), under which number see her will. 
She d. Sept. 9, 1814, at Preston. In his will, made Dec. 16, 1776, 
Jonas Avery mentioned his children, Jabez and Margaret, and 
his wife, Mary. His tombstone in the Avery burying-ground at 
Preston reads : 

"In memory of Mr. Jonas Avery who voluntarily joined the army in ye 
year 1776 and at ye White Plains contracted ye disease of which he 
died Dec. 18, 1776, in ye 32d year of his age. 

Stop generous mortals, 

Who shall pass this way, 

A debt to Patriotic virtue pay. 

For liberty and all 

On earth you prize, 

He and ten thousand 

Fell a sacrifice." 

The Sixth Generation 279 

Children of Jonas and Mary (Avery) Avery, recorded at 

Groton : 

i. Jabez', b. April 4, 1773; d. Nov. 20, 1794, at Groton; unm. 
822. ii. Margaret', b. Feb. 27, 1775; m. William Avery (No. 813); 
2d, Oliver Avery (No. 336). 

327. Hannah*' Avery (John% Christopher*, James\ James^, 
Christopher') was b. Oct. 9, 1747, at Preston; bap. March 6, 
1748, Separatist Church of Preston ; m. Nov. 17, 1768, at Pres- 
ton, Ebenezer Brewster, s. of Ebenezer and Susannah (Smith) 
Brewster, a descendant of Elder Brewster of the "Mayflower." 
He was b. April 25, 1741, at Preston. He was in the "Lexington 
Alarm" from Preston ; second lieutenant, Col. Parson's regi- 
ment, 1775; captain, 1776 (Co7in. Men in the Rev'n, 20, 73, 99). 
They moved to Hanover, N. H., before 1784. In 1784, he was 
made colonel of the 24th New Hampshire militia; March 27, 
1793, he was made brigadier-general of the sixth brigade (New 
Hampshire State Papers, 20:254 & 22:513). 

Children of Ebenezer and Hannah (Avery) Brewster, re- 
corded at Preston : 

i. Anna^ b. Aug. 20, 1769. 
ii. Hannah', b. June 12, 1771. 

328. Phoebe" Avery (John"", Christopher*, James''', James^, 
Christopher^) was b. March 8, 1757, at Preston; m. Jan. 5, 1775, 
at Preston, Hezekiah Parke, s. of Paul and Sarah (Smith) Parke. 
He was b. Oct. 23, 1750, at Preston ; d. Nov. 12, 1827, at Preston. 
She d. June 23, 1830, at Preston. Both are buried in the Avery 
burying-ground at Preston, 

Children of Hezekiah and Phcebe (Avery) Parke, b. at Pres- 
ton : 

i. Prentice Avery', b. Jan. 23, 1776. 

ii. Paul', b. Aug. 15, 1777. 

iii. Russell', b. Jan. 16, 1779; m. Phoebe ; was in war 

of 1812. 
iv. William More', b. Aug. 18, 1782; m. Betsey Witter; d. at 

Burlington, N. Y. 
v. Abby Burrows', b. Oct. 10, 1784. 
vi. John Gore', b. April 29, 1787; judge of supreme court of 

vii. Asa', b. June 23, 1789; m. Martha Billings Avery (No, 
768) ; 2d, Mrs. Abby (Williams) Lamb. 

280 The Groton Avery Clan 

viii. Henry Russ', b. Feb, 21, 1791. 

ix. Hezekiah Ripley', b. May 24, 1794; m. Widow Persis Cook 

X. Phoebe', b. Oct. 10, 1796. 
xi. Jonathan Chester', b. Sept. 21, 1799. 

329. Esther^ Avery (Christopher^, Christopher*, James^, 
James-, Christopher^) was b. April 14, 1736, at Groton; m. 
March 17, 1757, at Groton, Daniel Williams, s. of David Williams. 
He was b. July 17, 1728, at Groton. They moved to Stockbridge, 
Mass., where she d. Aug. 18, 1814 ; he d. there Sept. 26, 1818. 

Children of Daniel and Esther (Avery) Williams ; the first 
six are recorded at Groton, and bap. at First Church of Preston, 
Oct. 27, 1775 : 

i. Asa', b. March 17, 1758; m. Sylvia Peck; d. March 20, 1846, 

at Stockbridge, Mass. 
ii. Lucretia', b. Oct. 30, 1759; m. William Whelpley; d. Dec. 

13, 1796, at Lenox, Mass. 
iii. Daniel' ,b. April 6, 1762; m. Martha Coles; 2d, Miriam 

Hickox; lived at Lenox, 
iv. Esther', b. Oct. 3, 1764; m. Rice Beach; lived at Schodack, 

N. Y. 
v. Cyrus', b. March 22, 1767; m. Fanny West of Tolland; 2d, 

Sarah Huntington; d. Oct. 20, 1841, at Hoosac, Mass. 
vi. Prentice', b. June 7, 1773; m. Clarissa I. Rogers; 2d, 

Amelia West; lived at Stockbridge. 
vii. Sarah', b. June 3, 1777, at Stockbridge; m. Simeon Walk- 
ley; lived at West Springfield, Mass. 

330. Christopher'^ Avery (Christopher^, Christopher*, 
James^, James'-, Christopher^) was b. Jan. 23, 1738, at Groton; 
m. Dec. 16, 1763, at Groton, Dorothy Heath, dau. of Capt. John 
and Temperance (Avery) Heath (No. 90). She was b. June 10, 
1744, at Groton; d. June 14, 1803, at Stonington. He m, 2d, 
Nov. 7, 1803, at Stonington, Mary Eldredge, said to have been 
the daughter of Christopher and Mary (Hempstead) Eldredge. 
She was b. April 6, 1759, according to Sweet's Averys of Groton. 
Christopher*' Avery was ordained as a Separatist minister, at 
North Stonington, Nov. 20, 1785, succeeding his uncle, Nathan 
Avery. He preached until his death, July 5, 1819, at Stonington. 
His widow, Mary, died Dec. 8, 1848, at North Stonington. They 










The Sixth Generation 281 

are buried at Wintechogue Hill cemetery. His first wife was 
buried at (iroton. 

Children of Christopher and Dorothy (Heath) Avery: 

Timothy", b. May 8, 1766. 

Christopher', b. Dec. 10, 1768. 

Temperance', b. June 14, 1773; m. Abel Avery (No. 517). 

Jonathan', b. March 5, 1775. 

Henrys b. July 27, 1783; d. June 30, 1799. 

332. Lucy" Avery (Christopher'^ Christopher*, James^, 
James-, Christopher^) was b. Dec. 10, 1742, at Groton, recorded 
at Preston and Groton; m. Nov. 30, 1762, at Groton, Thomas 
Allyn s. of Ebenezer and Mary (Thurber) Allyn, and grandson 
of Robert and Deborah (Avery) Allyn (No. 10). He was b. 
June 23, 1742, at Groton. His wife d. Jan. 19, 1783, at Allyn's 
Point, Groton. He m. 2d, Prudence Avery, possibly the daughter 
of Isaac Avery (No. 79). She d. April 22, 1785, at Allyn's 
Point, aged 43 years. He m. 3d, the Widow Breed. He d. June 
18, 1812, at Allyn's Point. 

Children of Thomas and Lucy (Avery) Allyn, b. at Groton: 

i. Thomas', b. Sept. 20, 1763; m. Susannah Morgan; d. May 

20, 1849. 
ii. Lucy', b. March 16, 1766; m. Gilbert Edgecombe, 
iii. Eunice', b. Aug. 7, 1768; m. Samuel Breed, 
iv. Joshua', b. July 22, 1770; m. Hannah Hurlbut; d. March 16, 

1840, at Cortland, N. Y. 
V. Cyrus', b. May 22, 1772; d. Oct. 24, 1774, at Allyn's Point, 
vi. Anna', b. Jan. 13, 1775; m. Mark Stoddard, 
vii. Phebe', b. Oct. 17, 1777; d. June 12, 1786, at Allyn's Point. 

333. Nathan" Avery {Christopher^, Christopher*, James'^, 
James-, Christopher'') was b. April 30, 1744, at Groton; m. Sept. 
18, 1765, Rebecca Elderkin, dau. of John and Rebecca (Allen) 
Elderkin. She was b. Sept. 17, 1743. He was a corporal in Capt. 
Ralph Stoddard's company of militia ; served his term at Fort 
Griswold; w^as a carpenter and helped to build the barracks 
there ; pens'on was refused his widow, 1837, because he had not 
served six months {Widows' Pension File, 308). He d. Aug. 31, 
1832; she d. Feb. 1, 1841, both at East Haddam. 

Childi^en of Nathan and Rebecca (Elderkin) Avery, b. at 
Groton : 

282 The Groton Avery Clan 


















Lovisa', b. 1767. 

Nathan', b. 1770; died young. 

Elderkin^ b. 1772; mariner; died young in Prussia. 

Vashti', b. Sept. 18, 1774. 

Rebecca', b. Oct. 4, 1775. 

Prentice', b. Oct. 5, 1776. 

Roxcelena', b. Oct. 9, 1779. 

Lucy', b. July 4, 1781; d. Nov. 12, 1876, at East Haddam; 

Diascha', died in infancy. 
Prudence', b. May 15, 1787. 
Damaris', d. Dec. 13, 1847, at East Haddam; unm.; aged 

58 years. 

334. Thomas" Avery (Christophei-^, Christopher*, James^, 
James-, Christopher^) was b. Feb. 10, 1746, at Groton; m. July 
7, 1768, Hannah Smith, dau. of Nathan and Mary (Denison) 
Smith. She was b. July 23, 1745, at Groton. He was sergeant, 
1775 ; second lieutenant, 1776 ; first lieutenant, Jedediah Hunt- 
ington's regiment, 1777 {Conn. Men in the Rev'n, 78, 99, 146). 
He was later made a captain of militia. He was in the siege of 
Boston; in the battles of Long Island, White Plains, German- 
town, and Peekskill ; and was in camp at Valley Forge. He was 
an armorer. He settled in Colerain, Mass., after the Revolution. 
He was a congressman in Jefferson's administration. She d. 
Oct. 13, 1813; he died May 4, 1825. 

Children of Thomas and Hannah (Smith) Avery: 
Russell', b. July IS, 1769. 
Gilbert', b. Jan. 23, 1771; d. Jan. 20, 1772. 
Hannah', b. Dec. 13, 1772; m. Joshua Avery (No. 712). 
Gilbert', b. Jan. 18, 1775. 
Anna', b. Oct. 25, 1777, at Groton. 
Sabra', b. Sept. 10, 1779. 
Thomas', b. Jan. 1, 1782; died unm. 
viii. Lucy', b. July 3, 1784. 
Mary', b. June 26, 1786. 
Samuel Prentice', b. Nov. 9, 1793. 

335. Samuel'' Avery (Christopher^, Christopher\ James^,. 
James-, Christopher^) was b. Nov. 15, 1752, at Groton ; m. March 
4, 1780, at Norwich, Candace Charlton, dau. of Richard and 
Sarah (Gist) Charlton. She was b. Nov. 7, 1748, at Norwich. 
In testifying in relation to the service of his brother, Nathan. 



















The Sixth Generation 283 

Avery, in the Revolutionary war, he states that he was not in the 
same company of militia {Widoivs' Pension File, 308). He was 
selectman of Norwich in 1805. His wife d. Aug. 31, 1816 ; he d. 
Dec. 15, 1844, both at Norwich. In 1845, the estate was divided 
among the children of his son, Samuel, and the children of his 
granddaughter, Ann Thomas Tracy Richards, his son, Henry, 
having had his share. 

Children of Samuel and Candace (Charlton) Avery, b. at 
Norwich : 

841. i. Elizabeth', b. June 19, 1781. 

ii. Henry', b. April 7; d. June 23, 1783. 

842. iii. Samuel', b. Aug. 31, 1784. 

843. iv. Henry", b. Aug. 29, 1786. 

V. Eunice', b. May 18, 1789; d. Oct. 17, 1792, at Norwich. 

336. Oliver" Avery {Christopher^, Christopher*, James^, 
James'-, Christopher'') was b. Feb. 8, 1757, at Groton ; bap. May 
21, 1763, at his father's house in Preston; m, April 5, 1802, at 
Stonington, Margaret Avery, (No. 822), dau. of Jonas and Mary 
(Avery) Avery, and widow of William Avery (No. 813). She 
was b. Feb. 27, 1775, at Groton. She is buried by her first hus- 
band in the Old Plain burying-ground. Her tombstone reads : 

"Margaret relict of William Avery, deceased, consort of Oliver Avery, 
died May 22, 1805, aged 32." 

Oliver Avery m. 2d, April 18, 1806, at Stonington, Lucy Bud- 
dington. From his application for a pension, we learn that 
during the Revolution he lived at Norwich ; served in the militia, 
some of the time in a mustered company ; in service other than 
military. His witnesses were Amos Gallup, Caleb Huntington, 
and his brother, Samuel. After the Revolution, he lived in Stock- 
bridge, Mass., and, about 1802, moved to Stonington {Conn. Men 
in the Rev'n, 640, 661, and Pension Application, Inv. 16613). 
"Lucy, wife of Oliver Avery, died Nov. 3, 1836" ; "Oliver Avery 
died May 5, 1842, aged 85" {Tombstones, Old Plain burying- 
ground) . It is reported that he had five children, but we cannot 
find any record of them. 

337. Abigail Avery {Christopher^^ Christopher"^, James^, 
James-, Christopher^) w^as b. Feb. 22, 1759, at Groton; bap. May 
21, 1763, at her father's house in Preston ; m. Oct. 30, 1785, at 

284 The Groton Avery Clan 

Groton, Vine Stoddard, s. of Ralph and Susannah (Avery) Stod- 
dard. He was b. Feb. 22, 1749, at Groton; was a farmer. He 
was an ensign in Capt. Ralph Stoddard's company, 1776, 1781 
(Conn. Men in the Rev'n, 586, 618) . He d. Jan. 29, 1834 ; she d. 
Aug. 18, 1852, both at Groton. 

Children of Vine and Abigail (Avery) Stoddard, b. at Gro- 

i. Eunice', b. March 2, 1787; died April 7, 1787. 

it. Isaac', b. Oct. 23, 1788; m. Eleanor Taylor Wardwell; 2d, 

Widow Eunice Merick; d. May 6, 1869, at Mystic. 
iii. Guy C, b. May 11, 1790; m. Susannah Allyn; 2d, Abigail 
Latham; was in battle of Stonington, 1814; state sena- 
tor; d. March 31, 1882, at Ledyard. 
iv. Benjamin Franklin', b. Jan. 26, 1792; m. Julia A. Miner; 

d. Feb. 27, 1848, at Mystic. 
V. Susan E.', b. Jan. 25, 1795; m. Capt. Latham Allyn; 2d, 

Adam Larabee. 
vi. Abigail', b. Nov. 15, 1796; m. Peter Lester; d. May 22, 1866, 
at Palmer, N. Y. 

338. Sarah'' Avery {Christovher^ , Christopher*, James^, 
James-, Christopher^) was b. Aug. 7, 1761, at Groton; bap. May 
21, 1763, at her father's house in Preston ; m. Nathaniel Hewitt, 
s. of Joseph and Sarah (Babcock) Hewitt. He was b. Feb., 1763. 
He d. about 1831, at Coventry, Vt. ; she d. about 1833, at the 
same place. 

Children of Nathaniel and Sarah (Avery) Hewitt, b. at New 

London : 

i. Nathaniel', b. Aug. 28, 1788; m. Rebecca W. Hillhouse; 2d, 
Susan Elliot; a Congregational minister; d. Feb. 3, 
1865, at Bridgeport, 
ii. Sarah', b. Aug. 1, 1790; m. Angelus Harmon; d. Sept. 24, 

1867, at Potsdam, N. Y. 

iii. Nancy', b. July 22, 1792; m. Calvin Harmon; d. Aug. 1, 

1878, at Potsdam, 
iv. Joseph', b. May 5, 1794; d. at sea; unm. 
V. Henry', b. Oct. 8, 1797; m. Alethea F. Brush; d. July 22, 

1868, at Potsdam. 

vi. Mary Prudence', b. May 16, 1800; m. Darius Webb; d. 
May 17, 1886, at Potsdam. 

340. Isaac" Avery {Nathan^ Christopher*, James^ James'', 
Christopher^) was b. Aug. 23, 1747, at Groton; m. June 11, 1771, 













The Sixth Generation 285 

at Stonington, Lucy Swan, dau. of Timothy and Mary (Smith) 
Swan. She was b. Jan. 17, 1749-50, at Stonington ; d. Dec. 30, 
1813, at Ledyard. He d. Sept. 27, 1827, at Ledyard. 

Children of Isaac and Lucy (Swan) Avery, b. at Ledyard: 
i. Lucy', b. Jan. 18, 1773; d. May, 1775. 
Nathan', b. Sept. 21, 1775. 
Isaac', b. Jan. 14, 1777. 

Mary H.', b. July 18, 1780; m. Elisha Avery (No. 761). 
Phebe', b. Feb. 18, 1783; d. Sept. 12, 1795, ac Ledyard. 
Wealthy', b. Sept. 19, 1785; d. May 12, 1795, at Ledyard. 
Christopher Swan', b. Nov. 25, 1788. 
viii. William Wheeler', b. June 20, 1791. 

341. Nathan'' Avery (Nathan^, Christopher*, James^, 
James-, Christopher^) was b. Dec. 21, 1749, at Groton. Mr. 
Sweet said, in The Averys of Groton, that he probably died 
young. A Nathan Avery is said to have married Mary Spicer, 
dau. of John and Mercy (Chapman) Spicer. She was b. Jan. 27, 
1753. It is possible that this Nathan may have done so, as the 
families lived near each other in that part of Groton called 
Poquetanuck, now Ledyard. No children. He probably died 
soon after marriage. 

342. Hannah Mary*' Avery (Nathan^, Christopher*, James^, 
James-, Christopher^) was b. Feb. 28, 1752, at Stonington; m. 
Roswell Randall, s. of John and Lucy (Brown) Randall. He was 
b. July 18, 1756, at Stonington. He had previously married her 
sister, Phoebe (No. 345). He d. May 1, 1815, at Stonington. She 
m. 2d, May 3, 1816, at Stonington, John Randall, brother of her 
first husband. He was b. March 24, 1754, at Stonington. He d. 
Oct. 7, 1818, at Norwich, N. Y. She d. Oct. 9, 1838, at Norwich, 
N. Y. No children. 

343. Luther** Avery (Nathan-', Christopher*, James^, 
James- Christopher^) was b. about 1754, at Stonington; m. Oct. 
13, 1782, at Stonington, Mary Wheeler, dau. of Paul and Lucy 
(Swan) Wheeler. She was b. Nov. 6, 1765, at Stonington. He 
was selectman of Stonington from 1799 to 1802 inclusive. He 
moved to Windham, Conn., where he lived the latter part of his 
life. He d. Aug., 1833; she d. Jan. 15, 1853, probably at Wind- 













286 The Groton Avery Clan 

Children of Luther and Mary (Wheeler) Avery; the first 
eight were b. at Stonington : 

i. Llther', b. June 27, 1784; d. Aug. 4, 1853; unm. 
ii. Nathans b. Dec. 19, 1786; d. April 11, 1848, at Stonington; 
Paul Wheeler', b. May 18, 1789. 
Polly', b. March 14, 1792. 
Alfred', b. Dec. 1, 1794. 
Phebe', b. March 7, 1797. 
Miranda', b. Feb. 7, 1800. 
viii. William Randall', b. March 18, 1802. 
ix. Hannah Emeline', b. Nov. 8, 1808, probably at Windham; 
d. Oct. 3, 1813. 

344. Stephen" Avery {Nathan^, Christopher^ James^, 
James-, Christopher^) was b. Jan. 13, 1756, at Stonington; m. 
Dec. 9, 1781, at Stonington, Anna Wheeler, dau. of Paul and Lucy 
(Swan) Wheeler, and sister of the wife of Luther Avery (No. 
343) . She was b. June 30, 1764, at Stonington. Stephen Avery 
was in the Revolutionary war ; in 1776, about New York ; 1780, 
in the Conn, line {Conn. Men in the Rev'n, 191). The following 
was received by him while near New York, and is preserved by 
a descendant : 

Stonington, the 17th of September, 1776. 

Loving Son : I hope these lines will overtake you and find you well as 
they leave us. God's goodness be acknowledged. We send you by 
Mr. William Sisson a little ginger, salt and paper also, that you 
might write to us. Be careful, my son, to presei've your health. 
Don't let your mind and spirits sink under trouble. Labor to hope 
in God that He will secure and save you. Send up your prayers to 
Him daily. Watch against all sin and avoid it. Improve your time 
more in praying for deliverence than in thinking on your troubles. 
Discouragement and casting down are very detrimental to health. 
We expect you to go through great hardships. Our prayers are to 
God that he will preserve you, give victory and in His time restore 

Let our friends and yours see this letter, for I give them the same 
advice . . . [The part omitted related to the health of friends.] 
Write if you are sick or want anything; and when you write, any of 
you, so write that we may have news of more than one at a time. 
These from your loving and tender and affectionate father and 
mother and well wishers to the common cause and friend to all good 
people engaged in it. Nathan Avery. 

Hannah Avery. 

The Sixth Generation 287 

Stephen Avery was town clerk of Stonington from 1791 to 
1807, when North Stonington was set off. He was town clerk of 
North Stonington until his death. He was selectman in 1797; 
representative in 1799. His wife d. Aug. 11, 1801; he m. 2d, 
Aug. 18, 1804, at Stonington, Elizabeth Morgan, dau. of Capt. 
Israel and Elizabeth (Brewster) Morgan and granddaughter of 
William and Temperance (Avery) Morgan (No. 82). She was 
b. Jan. 7, 1779, at Stonington. Stephen Avery died April 1, 
1828, at Stonington; his widow died Aug. 11, 1841, at Stoning- 
ton ; all were buried in the Old Plain burying-ground. 

Children of Stephen and Anna (Wheeler) Avery, b. at 
Stonington : 

861. i. Nancy', b. Dec. 29, 1783. 

862. ii. Stephen Lyman', b. May 12, 1786. 

863. iii. Hannah Mary', b. June 18, 1789. 

864. iv. RoswELL Randall', b. Nov. 5, 1791. 

865. V. Charles Grandison', b. April 9, 1796. 

vi. Cyrus Wheeler', b. Oct. 10, 1798; d. Feb. 12, 1884, at Ston- 
ington ; unm. 

Children of Stephen and Elizabeth (Morgan) Avery, b. at 
Stonington : 

Eliza Adeline', b. Nov. 17, 1805. 
Wealthy Amira', b. Sept, 29, 1807. 

Roger Griswold', b. Sept. 4, 1809; d. Dec. 31, 1885; unm. 
Calvin Goddard', b. Feb. 9, 1812; d. March 20, 1833; unm. 
Alexander Hamilton', b. June 28, 1814. 
Ralph Hurlbut', b. April 22, 1816. 
vii. Erastus Randall', b. Aug. 8, 1818; d. Nov. 16, 1861; unm. 
870. viii. Frances Mary', b. Sept. 20, 1821, 

345. Phoebe'' Avery (Nathan^ Christopher*, James^, 
James-, Christopher^) was b. Jan.. 10, 1758, at Stonmgton; m. 
March 4, 1779, at Stonington, Roswell Randall, s. of John and 
Lucy (Brown) Randall. He was b. July 18, 1756, at Stonington. 
She d. Dec. 18, 1787, at Stonington, without children ; he m. 2d, 
her sister, Hannah Mary (No. 342) . 

346. Wealthy" Avery {Natharv', Christopher"^, James^, 
James-, Christopher') was b. Oct. 5, 1772, at Stonington; m. 
June 23, 1793, at Stonington, Darius Hewitt, s. of Israel and 
Tabitha (Wheaton) Hewitt. He was b. Oct. 28, 1771, at Ston- 











288 The Groton Avery Clan 

ington; died about 1802. She m, 2d, June 30, 1803, at Stoning- 
ton, his second wife, William Randall, s. of John and Lucy 
(Brown) Randall. He was b. March 25, 1768, at Stonington. 
He was lieutenant-colonel of the 30th regiment of Connecticut 
militia during the war of 1812 ; was at the battle of Stonington 
(Conn. Men in the Wa7' of 1812) ; deputy to lower house of 
assembly, 1812, 1813, 1816, 1818, 1825 ; member of the upper 
house, 1822 ; member of the convention that framed the Con- 
necticut constitution in 1818; associate county judge for sixteen 
years; justice of the peace for twenty-eight years; selectman 
for eighteen years ; first president of the Stonington bank. His 
wife d. Dec. 29, 1805; he d. June 17, 1841, both at Stonington. 

Child of Darius and Wealthy (Avery) Hewitt, b. at Stoning- 
ton : 

i. Wealthy', b. Dec. 29, 1794; m. William Randall, s. of her 
step-father by his first wife; d. Sept. 24, 1869, at Ston- 

Child of William and Wealthy (Avery) Randall, b. at Ston- 
ington : 

i. Eunice', b. Aug. 11, 1804; m. Ansel Coats; d. March 28, 


347. Prudence'' Avery (Isaac^, Christopher^ James^, 
James\ Christopher'^) was b. about 1743, at Groton. She is men- 
tioned in her grandfather's will in 1751. Did she marry Thomas 
AUyn in 1784 as his second wife? Thomas Allyn, s. of Ebenezer 
and Mary (Thurber) Allyn, and grandson of Robert and Deb- 
orah (Avery) Allyn (No. 10), m. a Prudence Avery who d. April 
22, 1785, aged 43 years. No children. 

348. Solomon" Avery (Jacob^, Christopher*, James^, James^, 
Christopher'^). He served in the Revolutionary war with his 
brothers, Jacob and Constant, in Capt. Gallup's company in 1776, 
and was killed Sept, 17, 1776, in the campaign around New York 
(Conn. Me7i in the Rev'n, 100). 

349. Jacob*^ Avery (Jacob^, Christopher*, James^, James^, 
Christopher^) was b. April 6, 1757, at Groton; m. Nov. 11, 1787, 
at Brewster's Neck (Groton) Mary Elizabeth Avery (No. 707), 
dau. of James and Mary (Comstock) Avery. She was b. Jan. 2, 












The Sixth Generation 289 

1762, at Groton. Jacob Avery served in Capt. Gallup's company, 
in 1776 (Conn. Men in the Rev'n, 100). His wife d. Dec, 1805, 
at Ledyard; he m. 2d, Sarah Baker, and d. July, 1810, at Led- 
yard. In the distiibution of his estate, Oct. 11, 1822, the heirs 
were daughter, Sylvia ; son, Luther ; daughter, Priscilla, wife of 
Enoch Lamb ; daughter, Mary Avery ; daughter. Prudence, wife 
of Dudley Avery ; widow, Sarah. 

Children of Jacob and Mary Elizabeth (Avery) Avery, b. at 
Groton : 

Prudence', b. Aug. 26, 1788. 

Sylvia', b. March 26, 1790. 

Solomon', b. May 31, 1792; died Sept. 31, 1792. 

Priscilla', b. July 17, 1793. 

Luther', b. Dec. 4, 1795. 

Mary', b. April 2, 1799. 

350. Constant" Avery {Jacob^, Christopher*, James^, 
James-, Christopher^) was b. Nov. 14, 1758, at Groton; m. April 
3, 1796, at Groton, Mrs. Zipporah (Chapman) Williams, dau. of 
Joshua and Sarah (LefRngwell) Chapman and granddaughter of 
Jonathan and Lucy (Avery) Leffingwell (No. 86). She was b. 
Jan. 25, 1773, at Groton. He was in Waterman Cliffs company, 
1775; in Col. Swift's regiment, Aaron Stevens's company, from 
May, 1777, to Feb., 1780; was at Germantown, Valley Forge, 
Monmouth, Stony Point, and on the Hudson {Conn. Men m the 
Rev'n, 75, 100, 220, and Pension Application on file at Washing- 
ton). He moved to Eaton, N. Y., 1798, bringing one child, 
Alfred, not living in 1840. They had at Eaton a large family of 
children, whom they reared {Pension Application) . He was liv- 
ing with D. Avery (probably his son) in 1840. He died Feb. 7, 
1844, at Eaton. His widow was alive Oct. 5, 1848. 

Children of Constant and Zipporah (Chapman) Avery: 

i. Alfred, d. before 1840. 

Other Children of whom we have no definite record. 

351. Frederick" Avery {Jacob^, Christopher*, James^, 
James-, Christopher'^) was b. at Groton; m. Elizabeth Stoddard, 
dau. of Mortimer and Dorothy (Parke) Stoddard. She was b. 
Jan. 26, 1769, at Groton. March 23, 1793, Fredt;rick Avery 
deeded to his brother. Constant Avery, land that he had of his 

290 The Groton Avery Clan 

father, Jacob Avery {Groton Deeds, 12:111). In the division of 
the estate of Mortimer Stoddard, Dec. 4, 1795, the heirs were the 
widow, Dorothy Stoddard; children, Mortimer, Robert, Roswell, 
Daniel, Bathsheba, Button, Elizabeth Avery, Dorothy Stoddard, 
and Zipporah Stoddard {Norwich Wills, 10:212). March 30, 
1798, Frederick and Elizabeth Avery deeded away land that they 
had from father, Mortimer Stoddard {Groton Deeds, 12:490). 
They moved to North Broadalbin, N. Y., about 1802. 

Children of Frederick and Elizabeth (Stoddard) Avery, b. 
at Groton : 

890. 1. Solomon'. 

891. ii. Alanson'. 

892. iii. Frederick', b. Oct. 4, 1796. 

893. iv. Dolly'. 

352. Cyrus'' Avery {Jacob'\ Christopher^ James^, James-, 
Christopher'^) was living at Groton in March 26, 1798, at which 
time, he and his brother, Jacob, agreed to take care of their par- 
ents, Jacob and Sylvia Avery, during their natural lives. He 
moved to Eaton, N. Y. His wife's name was probably Polly. 

354. Prudence" Avery {Jacob^, Christopher^ James^, 
James-, Christopher^) m. Gilbert Eddy, s. of Devotion and 
Mary (Sherman) Eddy. He was b. Jan. 23, 1761. He served on 
his father's privateer; was captured and imprisoned at Halifax 
for a year in the Revolution ; w^as at Bennington and Saratoga ; 
general of a division in New York in the war of 1812 ; was a 
presidential elector; lived in Rensselaer County, N. Y. He died 
in 1846 {Eddy Genealogy) . 

Children of Gilbert and Prudence (Avery) Eddy: 

i. Russell', b. April 23, 1787, at Pittstown, N. Y.; m. Ruth 
Ann Wells; 2d, Abby M. Kimball; paymaster in army, 
1812; d. July 2, 1871. 
ii. Eliza', m. Jacob DeForest; d. in Missouri, 
iii. Sybil', m. Nathaniel Bansalt. 
iv. Tisdale'. 
V. Mary'. 

355. Polly" Avery {Jacob^, Christopher*, James-, James-, 
Christopher^) was b. May 10, 1775, at Groton; m. April 3, 1796, 
at Groton, Elisha Satterlee, s. of Jonas and Lydia (Geer) Satter- 

The Sixth Generation 291 

lee. He was b. Oct. 29, 1772, at Groton ; was a sea captain. She 
d. Sept. 29, 1846 ; he d. May 18, 1859, both at Ledyard. 

Children of Elisha and Polly (Avery) Satterlee, b. at Gro- 

i. Lydia Geer', b. Nov. 8, 1798; m. Samuel Geer AUyn; d. July 

23, 1872. 

ii. Elisha Avery" b. Nov. 10, 1800; m. Hester Stoddard; d. 

March 27, 1879, at Gale's Ferry, 
iii. Jonas', b. March 28, 1803; m. Caroline Tatem; d. May 18, 

1840, at Ledyard. 
iv. Susan', b. June 25, 1805; m. Frank Kimball; d. July 8, 

1895, at Vernon, 
v. Julia Ann", b. March 15, 1808; m. John Satterlee; d. Jan. 

24, 1886, at Tolland. 

vi. DwiGHT Alden', b. April 17, 1814; m. Charity Hibbard 
Stoddard; d. Jan. 7, 1901, at Tolland. 

358. Mary*^ Avery (JonatJia7i^, Jonathan*, James^, James-, 
Christopher^) was bap. March 24, 1728, First Church of Groton. 
We are not able to give her record. The following has been sug- 
gested as the probable record, but of it we have no proof. 

A Mary Avery and a William Edwards, both of Preston, 
were married there May 31, 1745. They had the following chil- 
dren, as recorded on the town books of Preston : 

i. Jasper', b. Feb. 29, 1748. 

ii. Kendall', b. Nov. 28, 1749. 

iii. Mary', b. Aug. 25, 1751. 

iv. Cyrus', b. Aug. 13, 1753, 

v. Pelig', b. March 5, 1755. 

359. Oliver'' Avery {Jonathan/', Jonathan*, James^, James-, 
Christopher^) was bap. March 23, 1729, First Church of Groton; 
m. March 29, 1753, at Greenfield, Mass., Sarah Corse, dau. of 
James and Thankful (Munn) Corse. She was b. May 21, 1735. 
He m. 2d, Abigail Sayers. He moved to Charlemont, Mass., 
about 1754, and purchased a tract of land a mile in length along 
the Deerfield River. The following account of his military serv- 
ice is taken from the records of Williamstown and the muster 
rolls at Boston : 

Oliver Avery, Oct. 31, 1748, sentinel, from Deerfield, under Lieut. Elisha 
Hawley, at Fort Massachusetts; Nov. 2, 1748, April 6, 1749, Dec. 
11, 1749, Jan. 13, 1750, June 3, 1750, June 2, 1751, Jan. 6, 1753, senti- 

The Sixth Generation 293 

nel under Capt. Ephraim Williams, at Fort Massachusetts; Nov. 11, 
1754, corporal, under Elisha Chapin; 1755, corporal, under Ephraim 
Williams; 1756, sentinel, under Israel Williams, Charlemont; March 
9, 1757, ensign, under Capt. John Burk; Jan. 31, 1757, sergeant, 
under Capt. Israel Williams, Colrain, also Dec, 1757, and 1758; 
Nov. 12, 1759, private, under Capt. Samuel Wells, Charlemont; Jan. 
23, 1760, sentinel, under Lieut. Seth Pomeroy, West Hoosick. 

At Fort Salem, Nov. 14, 1747, he was one of ascouting party ; he 
fell with a fractured thigh, but shot the Indian who attempted 
to scalp him and painfully worked his way back to the fort. His 
son, Walter, was carried to Canada by the Indians. His wife 
with an infant daughter took refuge in a hollow log and escaped. 
He drew lot No. 55 at West Hoosic, but was driven off by the 
Indians. (See A. L. Perry's Origins m Williamstotvn) . On the 
breaking out of the Revolution, he raised a company of minute- 
men and marched to Boston. In 1780, he built the historic house 
that is still standing in Charlemont in good repair. 

He d. June 27, 1815; his wife, Abigail, d. Feb. 11, 1820, both 
at Charlemont, Mass. 

Children of Oliver and Sarah (Corse) Avery, b. at Charle- 
mont : 

i. Oliver^ b. June 8, 1754; drowned; unm. 
ii. Sarah', b. Dec. 1, 1755; d. Aug. 5, 1757. 

911. iii. Walter', b. July 7, 1757. 

iv. Lucy', b. Sept. 7, 1758; d. Aug. 19, 1777. 

v. Elizabeth', b. June 27, 1760; d. Aug. 7, 1777. 

vi. Jonathan', b. Feb. 25, 1762; d. Aug. 11, 1777. 

Children of Oliver and Abigail (Sayers) Avery, b. at Charle- 

912. i. Lois', b. April 11, 1763. 

ii. John', b. March 20, 1764; d. Aug. 11, 1777. 

913. iii. Mary', b. July 2, 1765. 

914. iv. Eunice', b. Feb. 7, 1767; m. Amos Avery (No. 370). 

361. Lemuel'^ Avery (Jonathan^, Jonathan*, James^, James"^, 
Christopher^) was bap. April 1, 1733, First Church of Groton. 
His name appears on the muster rolls of the company commanded 
by Ephraim Williams at Fort Massachusetts, 1749 ; also 1750, 
1751, 1754. In the drawing of house lots at Williamstown, he 
drew lot No. 25. 

294 The Groton Avery Clan 

363. Caron*^ Avery (Abner^, Jonathan"^, James^, James-, 
Christopher^) was b. July 3, 1743, at Montville; m. Charles 
Randall; 2d, Stephen Chappell. The names of the children are 
taken from her father's will {Netu London Wills, 1:178). She 
d. before June 18, 1771. 

Children of Charles and Caron (Avery) Randall: 


ii. Amy'. 
Child of Stephen and Caron (Avery) Chappell : 
i. Lydia'. 

364. AbeP Avery (Abner\ Jonathan*, James^, James-, 
Christopher^) was b. May 29, 1745, at Montville; m. Rebecca 

. In his will, made Aug. 24, and proved Dec. 8, 1772, he 

mentioned brothers, Elisha, Jonathan, and Amos; sisters. Amy 
Randall, and Margaret Vibber; wife, Rebecca, to whom he left 
her third. He had land in the Susquehanna country and at Otter 
Creek. He probably left no children. 

365. Amy*' Avery {Abner\ Jonathan^ James^, James-, 
Christoj)her') was b. July 25, 1747, at Montville; m. Jan., 1762, 
Benjamin Randall, s. of Benjamin and Ruth (Brown) Randall, 
of Colchester. He was b. July 20, 1742. She d. Sept. 3, 1791 ; he 
d. Sept. 9, 1828, both at Shelburne, Mass. 

Children of Benjamin and Amy (Avery) Randall: 

i. Avery', b. Dec. 18, 1762, at Colchester; m. Hopeful Briggs; 
d. June 11, 1823, at Clayton, N. Y. 

ii. Abel', b. April 18, 1765, at Colchester; m. Salome Pike; d. 
Aug. 8, 1756, at Bolton. 

iii. Sarah', b. Aug. 10, 1767, at Colchester; m. Church Man- 
dell; d. 1794, at Shelburne, Mass. 

iv. Russell', b. June 19, 1770; m. Lucy Otis; 2^, Pernal Odds; 
3d, Mrs. Hannah (Cheever) Dewey; d. Aug. 28, 1847, at 
Loraine, Mass. 

V. Karon', b. Nov. 20, 1772, at Colchester; m. Ephraim Jen- 
nings; d. Jan. 2, 1854, at Ellisburg, N. Y. 

vi. Hubbard', b. May 7, 1775, at Colchester; m. Mary Jennings; 
2d, Rebecca Bigelow. 

vii. Jared', b. March 26, 1778, at Shelburne, Mass.; m. Mehitabel 
Rogers; d. April 16, 1816, at Lenox, Mass. 

The Sixth Generation 295 

viii. Benjamin', b. Dec. 8, 1781, at Shelburne; m. Lydia Worden; 

d. Feb. 28, 1848, at Ellisburg, N. Y. 
ix. Ruel', b. Oct. 11, 1785, at Shelburne; m. Margaret Ann 

Middleton; d. Oct. 2, 1810, at Rutland, N. Y. 

366. Elihu'' Avery (Abner^', Jonatha^i*, James^, James^, 
Christopher^) was b. March 25, 1749, at Montville; m. Dec. 15, 
1774, at Bozrah, Mary Gardner, dau. of Jonathan and Mary 
(Houghton) Gardner. The division of the estate of Mary, widow 
of Jonathan Gardner, of Bozrah, Sept. 28, 1797, gave Mary, wife 
of Elihu Avery, as one of the heirs (Nortvich Wills, 9 :351) . 

367. Margaret" Avery {Ahner^, Jonathan'^, James^, James-, 

Christo'pher^) was b. Dec. 15, 1750, at Montville; m. 

Vibber, probably John, s. of John Vibber of New London. He 
was b. June 8, 1740, at New London. 

369. Jonathan'" Avery (Abner^, Jonathan*, James^, James^, 

Christopher') was b. Sept. 10, 1755, at Montville; m. Dec. 11, 

1782, Pamelia Fox, dau. of Elisha and Anna (Fitch) Fox. She 

was b. Nov. 14, 1763, at Montville. 

Jonathan Avery of Enfield and pamelia fox of New London married 
Dec. 11, 1782 (Enfield Records). 

Jonathan Avery was orderly sergeant in Capt. James Chap- 
man's company, New London, fifth company, sixth regiment, Col. 
Samuel Holden Parsons. He enlisted May 8, 1775; was in the 
Boston camps; in the siege of New York, at White Plains, and 
at New Castle. He was a pensioner (Conn. Men in the Rev'n, 
640, and Pension Application) . The first date in his orderly book 
is Aug. 13, 1776; the last, Nov. 2, 1776, at New Castle. The 
book is in the possession of his granddaughter, Julia M. Avery. 
After the war, he settled at Enfield and, in 1799, removed to 
Charlemont, Mass. He was a hatter by trade ; a man of wit and 
brilliancy. He d. June 14, 1847 ; his tombstone at East Charle- 
mont bears the inscription : "A soldier of the Revolution." His 
widow d. July 20, 1853, at East Charlemont. 

Children of Jonathan and Pamelia (Fox) Avery: 

936. i. ELISHA^ b. Nov. 14, 1783, at Enfield. 

937. ii. Samuel", b. Feb. 11, 1786, at Enfield. 

938. iii. Pamelia', b. Jan. 21, 1788, at Enfield. 

296 The Groton Avery Clan 

939. iv. Amy', b, Jan. 16, 1790, at Enfield. 

940. V. Almira', b. Jan. 28, 1792, at Enfield. 

941. vi. Jonathan', b. April 27, 1794, at Enfield. 

942. vii. Annis', b. April 13, 1796, at Enfield. 

943. viii. Amos', b. May 29, 1798, at Charlemont, Mass. 

944. ix. Amanda Scoxr, b. April 13, 1800, at Charlemont. 

945. X. Elihu', b. Feb. 16, 1802, at Charlemont. 

946. xi. Maria', b. March 31, 1804, at Charlemont. 

370. Amos'' Avery (Abner^, Jonathan^ James^, James-, 
Christopher^) was b. March 10, 1758, at Montville; m. Jan. 30, 
1782, Azubah Hawkes, who soon died. He m. 2d, Sept. 25, 1783, 
at Charlemont, Mass., Eunice Avery, (No. 914), dau. of Oliver 
and Abigail (Sayers) Avery. She was b. Feb. 7, 1767, at Charle- 
mont, Mass. In a deed of land on the Deerfield River, given by 
Oliver Avery, Oct. 31, 1783, Amos Avery was called cordwainer 
{Springfield Deeds, 24:448). He d. June 15, 1818; she d. April 
2, 1854, both at East Charlemont, Mass. 

Children of Amos and Eunice (Avery) Avery, b. at East 
Charlemont, Mass. : 

i. Azuba', b. June 16, 1784; d. Oct. 29, 1785. 

947. ii. Abner', b. Oct. 19, 1786. 

948. iii. Betsey'. 

949. iv. Charlotte', b. Oct. 19, 1788. 

950. V. Rebecca', b. June 6, 1790; d. Dec. 14, 1879. 

951. vi. Eunice', b. Feb. 25, 1792. 

vii. Abigail', b. Aug. 25, 1793; d. Jan. 2, 1873. 

952. viii. Lois', b. April 24, 1795. 

953. ix. Oliver', b. May 3, 1797. 

X. John', b. April 19, 1799; a physician; d. unm. 

954. xi. Abel', b. Feb. 3, 1801. 

955. xii. Freelove', b. Aug. 20, 1803. 

956. xiii. David', b. Jan. 19, 1805. 

957. xiv. Amos', b. Jan. 19, 1807. 

958. XV. Lucretia', b. Oct. 1809. 

372. Freelove" Avery (Abner^, Jonathan*, James^, James-, 
Christopher'^) m. John Nichols. 

373. Lucy'' Avery (Abner^, Jonathan*, James^, James-, 
Christopher^) m. Daniel Denison, s. of Daniel and Elizabeth 
(Andross) Denison. He was b. Jan., 1772; d. Feb. 5, 1841, at 
German Flats, N. Y. 

The Sixth Generation 297 

Children of Daniel and Lucy (Avery) Denison, b. at German 
Flats, N. Y. : 

i. JoHN^ died young. 

ii. Phebe', m. J. B. Martin; d. 1823. 

iii. George', b. Jan. 26, 1799; m. Lucy Ford; d. Sept. 7, 1872, in 

McHenry Co., 111. 

iv. Lucy', m. Turner Peterson; d. 1835. 

V. Sally', m. Alvin Ford, 

vi. Emeline', m. Stephen Josselyn. 

384. Gardner'' Avery {Beyijamhv', Joseph*, James^, James^, 
Christopher^) was bap. Sept. 22, 1751, Second Church of Pres- 
ton, now Griswold; m. Ama Newell, dau. of Abijah and Hepsibah 
(Curtis) Newell. Ama Newell (Abijah% Benjamin^, Isaac^, 
Isaac-, Abraham^) was b. June 26, 1756. Gardner Avery was a 
Revolutionary soldier; marched to Roxbury, 1775, where he re- 
mained until the British left Boston, when he went to New York; 
re-enlisted in 1776, under Capt. Ball, Col. Larned; was in the 
siege of New York; was a pensioner under the law of 1818 
(Conn. Men in the Rev'n, and Pension Application). He was a 
farmer at Monson, Mass., but moved to Sauquoit, N. Y., in 1810. 
His wife d. Dec. 27, 1831 ; he d. Dec. 28, 1831. They were buried 
in the same grave, December 29, having lived together in wedlock 
fifty-nine years. 

Children of Gardner and Ama (Newell) Avery, b. at Mon- 
son, Mass. : 

967. i. Gardner^ b. Dec. 17, 1773. 

968. ii. Stephen', b. Oct. 17, 1775. 

969. iii. Hannah', b. Jan. 29, 1778. 

970. iv. Benjamin', b. March 19, 1780. 

971. V. Betsey', b. Dec. 30, 1783. 

972. vi. Calvin', b. April 24, 1785. 

973. vii. Anson', b. Oct. 17, 1786. 

974. viii. John', b. Dec. 7, 1788. 

ix. Lyman', b. Dec. 5, 1790; d. March 23, 1809. 

975. X. Amy', b. April 30, 1793. 

976. xi. Charles', b. July 30, 1795. 

xii. Sophia', b. Feb. 5, 1798; d. March 28, 1799. 

977. xiii. Sophia', b. March 22, 1800. 

978. xiv. Jared Newell', b. Feb. 26, 1803. 

298 The Groton Avery Clan 

385. Hannah*' Avery (Benjamin% Joseph\ James^, James'-, 
Christopher^) was bap. April 14, 1754, Second Church of Pres- 
ton, now Griswold; m. Dec. 24, 1772, at Griswold, Edward Mills 
of Groton. 

386. Lucy*' Avery (Benjamin^, Joseph*, James^, James-, 
Christopher'') was bap. Aug. 29, 1756, Second Church of Pres- 
ton, now Griswold ; m. June 22, 1780, at Preston, James Bennett, 
s. of James and Mary Bennett. He was b. June 25, 1745, at 

387. Benjamin*' Avery (Benjamin^, Joseph*, James% 
James-, Christopher^) was b. March 4, 1758; bap. July 11, 1759, 
Second Church of Preston, now Griswold ; m. Anna Foote, dau. 
of Samuel and Mary (Lyon) Foote. She was b. Oct. 16, 1757, 
After her death, he m. a Miss Lucy Dickinson. He enlisted in 
1776 for the Canada campaign, under Capt. Oliver Parmelee; 
May, 1777, under Capt. Nathan Stoddard, for two years; Dec, 
1779, under Capt. Munson, for three years. He was at German- 
town, Monmouth, and Stony Point ; received a certificate of 
merit ; was pensioned in 1820. In his application for pension, he 
stated that, in 1818, he lived at Bethlehem, Conn. ; that he had 
wife, Lucy, aged 56 ; children, Sally, aged 28, and Julia M., aged 
14 (Conn. Men in the Rev'n, 232, 346, and Pension Application) , 
He d. May 4, 1843, at Lyons, N. Y. 

Children of Benjamin and Anna (Foote) Avery: 

979. i. Cyrus', b. March 29,1784, at Watertown. 
ii. Benjamin'; d. at sea; unm. 

iii. Lucy', d. unm. 

980. iv. Joseph'. 

981. V. Sarah', b. July 26, 1793, at Watertown. 

982. vi. Mary'. 

983. vii. Ann'. 

Child of Benjamin and Lucy (Dickinson) Avery: 

984. i. Julia M.', m. Drake; d. 1830. 

388. Roger'' Avery {Benjamhv', Joseph*, James^\ James-, 
Christopher^) was b. April 14, 1761, Second Church of Pres- 
ton, now Griswold ; m. at Watertown, Elizabeth Foote, dau. of 
Samuel and Mary (Lyon) Foote. She was b. July 1, 1755. He 

The Sixth Generation 


enlisted in Capt. Sanford's company, eighth Conn, reg't, 1777, 
for three years; in fifth reg't, under Capt. Richard Douglass, 
Jan. 1, 1781, to Dec 1784 ; a pensioner {Conn. Men in the Rev'n, 
232, 349, 354, 364). About 1784, he moved to Cornwall, Vt. 
Either he was in the war of 1812 or he had a son, Roger, whose 
birth does not appear of record. In 1814, Roger, John, Daniel, 
and Abiram Avery, all of Cornwall, Vt., marched to Plattsburg, 
under Capt. Edmund Hill. His wife d. Feb. 7, 1839, at Royalton, 
N. Y. ; he d. Nov. 12, 1841, at Orangeport, N. Y. 

Children of Roger and Elizabeth (Foote) Avery, b. at Corn- 
wall, Vt. 

Roger' (?). 

Betsey', b. Jan. 26, 1785. 

John", b. Sept. 4, 1786. 

Lucy', b. Dec. 4, 1787. 

Polly', b. Nov. 14, 1790. 

Harry", b. Sept. 12, 1792; d. Feb. 28, 1813, at Cornwall, Vt. 
vii. Daniel', b. April 26, 1794. 

991. viii. Abiram', b. Sept, 8, 1796. 

992. ix. James', b. April 5, 1798. 

989. vi. 



390. Benjamin'^ Avery {Benjamin^, Benjamin*, James^^ 
James-, Christopher^) was b. Nov. 25, 1776, at Groton; m. Dec. 
27, 1807, in Cayuga County, N. Y., Mercy Capen. She was b. 
Aug. 20, 1787. He was one of the party that settled Aurora, 
N. Y. She d. March 29, 1836; he d. Jan. 31, 1866, at Ledyard,, 
N. Y. 

Children of Benjamin and Mercy (Capen) Avery: 

Lucy', b. Nov. 17, 1808, at Aurora, N. Y. ; d. Jan. 13, 1836. 

Alfred', b. Oct. 3, 1810, at Aurora. 

Maria', b. Nov. 16, 1812, at Aurora. 

Benjamin', b. Nov. 10, 1815, at Aurora; d. March 29, 1870; 

William', b. Jan. 29, 1818, at Aurora; d. Jan. 13, 1819. 
Edwin', b. Aug. 29, 1820, at Ledyard; d. Sept. 20, 1840;; 

Edgar', b. Aug. 29, 1820, at Ledyard. 
viii. Charles', b. May 23, 1823, at Ledyard. 
ix. Henry,' b. Oct. 27, 1827, at Ledyard; d. Aug. 10, 1831. 

391. David" Avery {Benjamin^, Benjamin*, James^, James^,. 
Christopher^) was b. May 8, 1779, at Groton; m. Feb, 25, 1808, 
at Groton, Fanny Avery (No. 1718), dau. of Ebenezer and Hannah. 















300 The Groton Avery Clan 

(Morgan) Avery. She was b. April 22, 1788, at Groton. David 
Avery was one of the settlers of Auburn, N. Y., in 1795. Among 
the others were Hezekiah Avery, Ebenezer Avery, Dudley Avery, 
and Benjamin Avery. The party went by way of Long Island 
Sound and the Hudson River, reaching Albany after a trip of 
sixteen days. From Albany, they crossed the Mohawk, bought 
bateaux, and worked their way up the river. At Fort Schuyler, 
they found two log houses ; at Fort Stanwix, they reached the 
head of canoe navigation. Thence their goods and boats were 
hauled through the woods thirty miles. He returned to Groton 
for a wife and brought her back in a chaise. He was made 
ensign in Col. Henry Hewitt's reg't, Cayuga Co., N. Y., 1806; 
lieut., 1809; quartermaster, 1811; brigade quartermaster, 1812 
{Military Records of N. Y.,178Jf-1821, pp. 821, 1034, 1179, 1296). 
He lived in the part of Scipio, N. Y., that since 1823 has been 
called Venice. There their children were born and there they 
died, he, Nov. 27, 1866, and she, March 30, 1869. 
Children of David and Fanny (Avery) Avery: 




. Nancy^ b. Oct. 16, 1808. 

i. HAMILTON^ b. April 11, 1811. 

ii. Fanny', b. March 24, 1814. 

392. Thankful" Avery (Benjamin^, Benjamin*, James^, 
James-, Christopher'^) was b. Jan. 31, 1784, at Groton; m. April 
6, 1806, at Ledyard, N. Y., James Atwater, s. of John and Susan- 
nah (Goodyear) Atwater of Hamden, Conn. He was b. Feb. 27, 
1785, at Hamden. He was teacher, farmer, and store-keeper at 
Ithaca, N. Y. She d. May 17, 1870, at Waverly, N. Y. ; he d. Jan. 
6, 1876, at Ithaca, N. Y. 

Children of James and Thankful (Avery) Atwater: 

i. Nelson", b. April 8; d. April 14, 1807, at Milton, N. Y. 

ii. Leonard', b. Nov. 25, 1808, at Virgil, N. Y.; m. Anna Maria 

Chatterton; d. Aug. 12, 1889, at Ithaca, N. Y. 
iii. Harriet', b. June 30, 1810, at Genoa, N. Y.; d. April 29, 

1831, at Ithaca, 
iv. Nancy', b. Sept. 8, 1811, at Aurelius, N. Y.; m. John R. 

Mitchell; d. at Ludlowville, N. Y. 
V. William Van Ness', b. Sept. 24, 1813, at Aurelius, N. Y.; 

d. at Waverly, N. Y. 
vi. Benjamin Avery', b. Sept. 9, 1815, at Genoa, N. Y.; m. 
Sarah Ann Phillips; d. Nov. 5, 1883, at Ithaca. 

The Sixth Generation 301 

vii. Franklin', b. July 10, 1817, at Lansing, N. Y.; d. at Ithaca, 
viii. Dewitt Clinton', b. July 30, 1819, at Lansing, N. Y.; m. 

Sarah Tichenor; was a merchant, supervisor, alderman, 

trustee of Presbyterian church; d. Oct. 19, 1899, at 

Waverly, N. Y. 
ix. Fanny', b. Oct. 6, 1821, at Lansing, N. Y, 
X. David Denison', b. Sept. 23, 1823, at Ithaca; m. Olive S. 

Simon; living at Cortland, N. Y., in 1900. 
xi. Mary", b. July 25, 1825, at Ithaca; d. April 29, 1879, at 

xii. Edward', b. May 10, 1828, at Ithaca, 
xiii. RuFUS King', b. Feb. 26, 1830, at Ithaca; m. Sarah Ledyard 

Jones; d. Dec. 6, 1887, at Riverside, Cal. 

393. Lydia*^ A\ery (Benjamin^, £enjamin\ James^, James^, 
Christopher'') was b. June 7, 1786, at Groton ; m. Feb. 6, 1806, at 
Ledyard, N. Y., Consider King, s. of Consider and Sarah (Pal- 
mer) King. He was b. May 23, 1774, at Rochester, Mass. He 
was a physician. He d. Aug. 19, 1848 ; she d. Sept. 11, 1865, both 
at Hartford, Wisconsin. 

Children of Consider and Lydia (Avery) King, b. at Led- 
yard, N. Y. : 

i. Sally', b. Nov. 14, 1806; m. Gordon Hayes; d. April 29, 

1876, at Rochester, N. Y. 
ii. Mary Ann', b. March 4, 1808; m. John Wilcox; d. Jan. 31, 

1891, at Hartford, Wis. 
iii. Harriet', b. Jan. 29, 1810; m. Henry Chase, 
iv. Richard Talcott', b. May 23, 1813; m. Hannah Bryant; d. 

Jan. 5, 1863, at Sherwood, N. Y. 
V. Benjamin Avery', b. March 14, 1815; m. Pheoe Raymond; 

d. March 21, 1893, at Hillsdale, Mich, 
vi. Lydia', b. July 24, 1817; m. Joseph Sisson; d. Sept. 8, 1875, 

at Kings Ferry, N. Y. 
vii. Maria', b. Aug. 19, 1819; unm. 
viii. Eliza', b. Sept. 29, 1823; m. Lawrence B. Walls; d. March 

13, 1874, at Prescott, Wis. 
ix. Consider', b. June 23, 1829; m. Sally Coy; d. Oct. 21, 1888, 

at Martelle, Wis. 

394. Daniel" Avery {Daniel^, Benjamin*, James^, James-, 
Christopher') was b. Sept. 18, 1766, at Groton ; m. Nov. 28, 1790, 
at Groton, Lydia Avery (No. 756), dau. of Ebenezer and Eliza- 
beth (Greene) Avery. She was b. April 4, 1773, at Groton; d. 
Sept. 14, 1797, at Aurora, N. Y. Daniel Avery m. 2d, Jan. 20, 

302 The Groton Avery Clan 

1799, at Hartford, Abigail Smith, dau. of Moses and Mabel (Sey- 
mour) Smith of Hartford. She was b. April 9, 1780 ; d. July 22, 
1817, at Aurora, N. Y. He m. 3d, Sept. 22, 1823, Freelove 
Mitchell, dau. of John and Ruth (Harris) Mitchell. She was b. 
Jan. 4, 1808, at Ballston, N. Y. ; d. April 20, 1841, at Aurora, 
N. Y. He was appointed ensign in 6th co., 8th reg't, Connecticut 
militia, May, 1791; lieut., 1792; capt.. May, 1794 {Ms. State 
Papers, Hartford). He was one of the party that emigrated to 
Aurora in 1795 and at once took an active part in the new settle- 
ment. He represented the eighth district in the twelfth con- 
gress; the twentieth district in the thirteenth and fourteenth 
congresses. He was the only man in the New York delegation to 
vote for war with Great Britain. He was one of the commission- 
ers of the land office at Albany for twenty years. He d. Jan. 30, 
1842, at Aurora, N. Y. 

Children of Daniel and Lydia (Avery) Avery: 

Alfred", b. Aug. 12, 1791, at Groton. 

Emily Caroline', b. July 2, 1793; m. Samuel William Avery 

(No. 635). 
Edwin', b. Aug. 22, 1795. 
Daniel Lewis', b. Aug. 31, 1797. 

Children of Daniel and Abigail (Smith) Avery, b. at Aurora, 

N. Y.: 

i. Sidney Smith', b. June 23, 1800; d. April 14, 1869, at 
Aurora ; unm. 
Benjamin Franklin', b. Dec. 3, 1801. i 

Ashbel', b. Jan. 30, 1805. I 

Lydia', b. May 24, 1810. 
Abigail', b. Feb. 9, 1813; died young. 
George', b. April 2, 1815. 
Abigail', b. May 15, 1817. 

Children of Daniel and Freelove (Mitchell) Avery, b. at 

Aurora : 

1010. i. James', b. Feb. 8, 1825. 

ii. William', b. Sept. 29, 1829; d. Sept. 9, 1852; unm. 
iii. Deborah', b. March 12, 1832; died young. 

1011. iv. Maria', b. Sept. 1, 1833. 

V. Byron', b. July 24, 1838; d. Dec. 17, 1841. 

395. Elias*' Avery (Daniel^, Benjamin*, James\ James", 
Christopher') was b. April 6, 1768, at Groton; m. Sept. 28, 1800, 
































The Sixth Generation 303 

at Groton, Mrs. Sarah Morgan, widow of Stephen Morgan, and 
dau. of John and Elizabeth (Denison) Barber. She was the 
mother of Richard Morgan, who m. Eliza Wattles Avery (No. 
1612). She was b. Nov. 6, 1773, at Groton; d. Jan. 8, 1837; he 
d. July 31, 1837, both at Aurora, N. Y. 

Children of Elias and Sarah (Barber) Avery, b. at Aurora, 
:N. Y. : 

Maria Barber', b. Dec. 30, 1801. 

Elizabeth Denison', b. July 19, 1803. 

William E.', b. July 19, 1805; d. July 14, 1826, at Aurora. 

John Barber' b. Aug. 9, 1808. 

Latham Noyes', b. May 19, 1811; d. Jan. 26, 1812. 

Nancy Morgan', b. April 15, 1813; d. April 9, 1815. 

NoYES Latham', b. Dec. 11, 1815. 

396. Dudley'' Avery (Daniel^, Benjamin*, James^, James-, 
Christopher^) was b. March 19, 1770, at Groton; m. Nov. 8, 1792, 
Sit Groton, Hannah Morgan, dau. of Nathan and Hannah (Per- 
kins) Morgan. She was b. Nov. 24, 1775, at Groton; d. March 
20, 1804, at Aurora, N. Y. He m. 2d, 
Mary Ann Brown, dau. of John W. 
and Sarah Brown, of Bristol, Eng. 
Dudley Avery was one of the Aurora 
party of 1795 ; was appointed sheriff 
of Onondaga County, July 5, 1798; 
ensign of Onondaga County militia, 
1798; promoted to lieutenant same 
year; captain, 1802. He was a cabi- 
net maker. About 1804, he returned 
to Groton and studied medicine. He 
then went to Cincinnati, and later to 
Baton Rouge, La., where he became 
successful in his profession. He was 
a member of the state legislature and 
was in the war of 1812. He had a 
vessel built for trade with New York, 
^nd, on her trial trip in 1816, died of 
yellow fever, off the coast of Cuba. dudley avery 

Children of Dudley and Hannah (Morgan) Avery: 

304 The Groton Avery Clan 

i. Dudley', b. Nov. 24, 1793, at Groton; d. Sept. 19, 1796, at 
Aurora, N. Y. 

1016. ii. Barton Frederick", b. Sept. 16, 1796, at Aurora. 

1017. iii. Caroline Campuit", b. Sept. 19, 1798, at Aurora, 

1018. iv. Hannah", b. March 3, 1804, at Aurora. 

Children of Dudley and Mary Ann (Brown) Avery, b. at 
Baton Rouge, La. : 

i. John Brown", b. 1808; d. 1812. 

1019. ii. Daniel Dudley', b. April 10, 1810. 
iii. Latham', b. 1812; d. 1814. 

* 1020. iv. Eliza Brown', b. 1815. 

397. Isaac- Avery (Daniel^, Benjamin*, James^, James-, 

Christopher^) was b. March 30, 1772, at Groton ; m. about 1792, 

at Preston, Sarah Brooks, b. May 4, 1775. David Avery (No. 

511) said that Isaac Avery m. Sally Champlin ; in the records, 

she is called "Sally, the daughter of Mrs. Anne Brooks." They 

lived at Aurora, N. Y., for about twelve years ; at Ulysses, N. Y., 

about five years. He was appointed lieut. in Col. Henry Hewitt's 

reg't, Cayuga Co., N. Y., 1806; captain, 1809. In 1811, they 

moved to North Bend, Ind., and later to Shelby County, in that 

state, taking Mrs. Anne Brooks with them. Mrs. Sarah Avery 

d. Dec. 29, 1834, in Shelby County; he d. Feb. 1, 1858, at the 

same place. His farm of more than a thousand acres was divided 

among his children. 

Children of Isaac and Sarah (Brooks) Avery: 
1021. i. Frances', b. July 26, 1795, at Aurora, N. Y, 
Herman', b. Oct. 15, 1796, at Aurora. 
Guy Carleton', b. July 7, 1798, at Aurora. 
Dudley', b. June 28, 1800, at Aurora. 
Charlotte Ann', b. July 21, 1803, at Aurora. 
William Pitt', b. April 5, 1805, at Aurora, 
vii. Isaac', b. July 5, 1807, at Aurora; d. Dec. 5, 1874, in Shelby 

Co., Ind.; unm. 
viii. Sally Maria', b. Nov. 23, 1808, at Aurora. 
Daniel', b. March 19, 1811, at Ulysses, N. Y. 
Helen', b. Nov. 11, 1812, at Ulysses, 
xi. Edna', b. Aug. 25, 1817, at Ulysses; d. Nov. 28, 1901, at 
Indianapolis, Ind. 

399. Latham'' Avery (Daniel^, Benjamin*, James^, James-, 
Christopher'^) was b. Dec. 19, 1775, at Groton; m. July 7, 1816, 
at Groton, Betsey Wood Lester, dau. of Christopher and Mary 




























The Sixth Generation 305 

(Fish) Lester. She was b. Nov. 22, 1787, at Groton. He spent 

much of his early life at Demarara, West Indies. She d. Dec. 2, 

1837, at Groton ; he d. Julj^ 10, 1845, at the same place. 

Children of Latham and Betsey Wood (Lester) Avery, b. at 

Groton : 

i. Latham Burrows', b. Sept. 5, 1817; lieutenant, U. S. N.; d. 
Aug. 28, 1857, at Hong Kong, China. 
Betsey Ann', b. July 4, 1819. 
Emily', b. Sept. 17, 1821. 
Mary Jane', b. Feb. 12, 1824. 
Christopher Lester', b. June 8, 1826. 
Julia', b. May 9, 1828. 
Deborah', b. April 2, 1830. 

400. Rachel'' Avery {Daniel^ Benjamin*, James^, James-, 
Christopher') was b. Aug. 10, 1777, at Groton; m. Jan. 29, 1794, 
Zenas Bradley. They are said to have had one child. She m. 2d, 
Jan. 29, 1797, Daniel Foote, s. of Daniel and Elizabeth Margaret 
(Woodcock) Foote. He was a merchant. He d. in 1804, aged 27. 
Children of Daniel and Rachel (Avery) Foote: 
i. Daniel W.', b. March 17, 1799. 
ii. Mary Skinner', b. May 26. 1802. 
iii. Caroline Matilda', b. Aug., 1804. 

431. Alfred Anson'^ Avery {Deniso'tf, Benjamin"^, James^, 
James-, Christopher') was b. Sept. 12, 1794, at Groton; m. March 
30, 1817, at Stonington, Martha Smith. He was a private in 
Capt. Anson Avery's company :n the war of 1812 (Co7in. Meii in 
War of 1812, p. 7) . He was a sea captain. She d. April 9, 1826, 
at Groton ; he d. Oct. 2, 1836, at Key West, Fla. 

Children of Alfred Anson and Martha (Smith) Avery, b. at 
Groton : 

Anson Alfred', b. Dec. 24, 1817. 

Moses Edwin', b. April 14, 1819. 

Charles Gilson', b. Jan. 11, 1821. 

Phebe Ann', b. Oct. 14, 1822. 

Martha Smith', b. April 3, 1825. 

Henry Smith', b. April 6, 1826. 

402. Hannah' Avery (Denison^, Benjamin*, James^, James-, 
Christopher') was b. July 2, 1797, at Groton; m. Feb., 1822, at 
Groton, Charles Lanmon Haley, s. of Caleb and Sarah (Burrows) 













306 The Groton Avery Clan 

Haley, and grandson of Hubbard and Sarah (Avery) Burrows 
(No. 100). He was b. Feb. 17, 1799, at Groton; was a farmer; 
d. July 8, 1865, at Ledyard. 

Children of Charles Lanmon and Hannah (Avery) Haley, b. 
at Groton : 

i. Warren Avery', b. March 6, 1823; d. March 9, 1893, in 

ii. Mary Phebe', b. April 12, 1824; m. John E. Williams, 
iii. Henry Avery', b. Nov. 14, 1825. 
iv. Sarah Ann', b. July 13, 1829; d. April 12, 1833. 
V. Eliza', b. April 22, 1832; d. April 7, 1835. 
vi. Nathan Denison', b. Dec. 21, 1838; m. Mary J. Turner; 2d, 
Frances M. Thompson. 

403. Denison" Avery (Denison^, Benjamin*, James^, James^, 
Christopher^) was b. June 14, 1801, at Groton; m. April 3, 1836, 
at Windham, Emeline Smith. She was b. Dec. 15, 1815 ; d. Sept. 
11, 1884. Denison Avery, in his will made Oct. 27, 1888, and pro- 
bated at Windham, Sept. 11, 1889, mentioned heirs of sister, 
Hannah Haley; brother, Dudley B. Avery; Avery Smith, brother 
of my wife; nephew, Nathan D. Haley; sister, Rhoda E. Avery 
of Homer, N. Y. Denison*^ Avery d. Sept. 3, 1889, at Windham. 
No children. 

404. Benjamin Gilson'^ Avery {Denison^, Benjamin*, James^, 
James-, Christopher^) was b. May 6, 1804, at Groton ; m. Feb. 24, 
1829, at Preston, Eliza M. Punderson, dau. of Cyrus and Mary 
(Babcock) Punderson. She was b. Feb. 24, 1804, at Preston. 
He bought farms in several places near Syracuse, N. Y. ; was a 
merchant, salt manufacturer, farmer, supervisor of Onondaga 
County. He d. April 6, 1850, while on a trip to Sandusky, 0. In 
his will, made May 19, 1849, he is called of Geddes. He gave his 
wife, with other things, his pew No. 38, in St. Paul's Church, 
Syracuse, his single horse, carriage, harness, and all his silver- 
ware ; mentioned son, Cyrus D., and daus., Julia M. and Frances 
E. His widow d. April 14, 1884, at Geddes, N. Y. 

Children of Benjamin Gilson and Eliza M. (Punderson) 
Avery : 

i. Eliza', b. July 21; d. Aug. 3, 1830. 
ii. Maria', b. April 18; d. July 24, 1832. 

The Sixth Generation 307 

1042. iii. C\'RUS Denison', b. Nov. 20, 1833, at Geddes, N. Y. 

1043. iv. Julia Maria', b. Dec. 9, 1835. 

1044. V. Frances Eliza', b. Dec, 5, 1838. 

vi. Benjamin Woolcott', b. Oct. 21, 1840; d. Jan. 27, 1841. 

405. Dudley Bailey" Avery {Denison^, Benjamin*, James^, 
James-, Christopher^) was b. June 28, 1806, at Groton;' m. Aug. 
22, 1844, Lucretia Bestor, dau. of Foronda and Lucretia (Par- 
sons) Bestor. She was b. June, 1812, at East Long Meadow; d. 
Dec. 24, 1884, at Columbia ; he d. Aug. 13, 1885, at Columbia. 

Children of Dudley Bailey and Lucretia (Bestor) Avery, b. 
at Columbia, Conn. : 

1045. i. Denison', b. Oct. 1, 1845. 

1046. ii. Marian', b. May 9, 1849. 

418. John** Avery {John^, Samuel*, Thomas^, James-, Chris- 
topher'^) was b. Dec. 23, 1745, at Groton; m. Nov. 24, 1774, at 
Groton, Mary Allyn, dau. of John and Joanna (Miner) Allyn, 
and granddau. of Robert and Deborah (Avery) Allyn (No. 10). 
She was b. Sept. 24, 1750, at Groton. He is called "sheepskin 
John" by David Avery (No. 511). He called himself John 
Avery 2d. He d. Aug. 21, 1811; she d. May 21, 1824, both 
at Ledyard. In his will, made May 4, 1811, and probated Aug. 
31, 1811, at Stonington, he mentioned wife, Mary; son, Isaac and 
his wife Clarissa; dau., Hannah; he said that he had provided 
for his other two daughters. 

Children of John and Mary (Allyn) Avery, b. at Groton: 

1056. i. Isaac', b. Sept. 4, 1775. 

1057. ii. Prudence', b. Nov. 14, 1778. 

iii. John Miner', b. April 23, 1782; d. May 8, 1802, at Groton. 

1058. iv. Lydia', b. March 23, 1786. 

1059. V. Hannah', b. Oct. 25, 1789. 

419. Hannah'' Avery {John% Samuel*, Thomas''', James-, 
Christopher^) was b. July 17, 1751, at Groton; m. Nathaniel 
Woodworth. She was called Hannah Avery in her mother's will 
in 1790, and Hannah Woodworth in her brother Samuel's will in 

420. Amos" Avery {John% Samuel*, Thomas^, James-, 
Christopher') was b. Feb. 1, 1754, at Groton; m. Feb. 16, 1777, 
at Groton, Mary Avery, (No. 616), dau. of Humphrey and Mary 












308 The Groton Avery Clan 

(Baldwin) Avery. She was b. April 19, 1748. Her parentage is 
proved by a receipt given by Amos Avery in behalf of his wife, 
the daughter of Humphrey Avery, in 1793, to the executors of the 
estate of said Humphrey Avery. Amos Avery served for two 
years in the Revolution as matross under Capt. William Latham, 
and was wounded in the battle of Fort Griswold, Sept. 6, 1781. 
He d. April 16, 1831. His widow applied for a pension, Oct. 22, 
1836 (Widows' File 25374, Pension Office) ; it was granted. All 
of the dates here given are from this pension paper. 

Children of Amos and Mary (Avery) Avery, b. at Groton : 

Humphrey', b. Feb. 5, 1778; d. July 22, 1779 
Mary', b. June 18, 1780. 
Susannah', b. Dec. 20, 1782. 
Jerusha', b. May 31, 1786. 
Thomas Ledyard', b. Aug. 24, 1788. 

John', mentioned in Sweet's The Averys of Groton (not men- 
tioned in pension paper; doubtful), 
vii. Austin', b. June, 1793; d. Nov., 1794. 

421. Ransford" Avery {Ephraim", Samuel% Thomas^, 
James-, Christovlier^) was b. about 1754; m. .Eunice Leffingwell, 
dau. of Andrew and Mercy (Nobles) Leffingwell. She was b. 
Feb. 22, 1757 ; d. April 21, 1813, at Montgomery, Mass. She was 
mentioned in her father's will, July 7, 1803, and in her mother's 
will, July 25, 1805 {Norivich Wills). The intention of marriage 
to Mary Hutchinson, widow of Israel Hutchinson, is recorded 
Jan. 11, 1816, at Montgomery, Mass. They were m. Jan. 30, 
1816, at Montgomery (Widoivs' Pension Applicatio7i, 8106). He 
was a soldier from Westfield, Mass., 1776 ; was in Capt. Lemuel 
Pomeroy's company. Col. John Dickinson's regiment, in 1777, 
during a part of which time his brother, William, substituted for 
him, he being sick ; marched on an expedition to Saratoga, under 
Col. Ezra May ; was a pensioner (Pension Application and Co7in. 
Men in the Revolution, 1 :368) . He d. March 27, 1849, at Mont- 
gomery; she was alive in 1854, and applied for a pension. 

Children of Ransford and Eunice (Leffingwell) Avery: 

1065. i. Abigail', b. Oct. 9, 1779, at Southampton, Mass. 

1066. ii. Marcy', b. Aug. 11, 1782, at Montgomery, Mass. 
1C67. iii. Lovisa', b. Aug. 6, 1785, at Montgomery. 

The Sixth Generation 309 

1068. iv. Betsey', b. Sept. 27, 1787, at Mont<^-omery. 

V. Ransford', b. July 5, 1790, at Montj^omery ; died young. 

1069. vi. Eunice', b. Sept. 7, 1792, at Montgomery. 

1070. vii. Ransford', b. Nov. 1, 1796, at Montgomery, 

1071. viii. Richard', b. Nov. 1, 1796, at Montgomery. 

422. Elizabeth" Avery (Ephraim^ Samuet, Thomas^, 
James'-, Christopher^) m. William French. 

423. Prudence*' Avery {Ephraim\ Samuel*, Thomas^, 
James-, Christopher' ) m. Nov. 25, 1773, Stephen Root, s. of Solo- 
mon and Mary (Church) Root. He was b. Aug. 14, 1747, at 
Westfield, Mass. ; d. June 8, 1818, at Westfield. She d. April 3, 

Children of Stephen and Prudence (Avery) Root: 
i. Enoch', b. 1774; m. Lucy Buell; d. Nov. 18, 1837. 
ii. Ransford', b. 1776; m. Sally Sheldon, 
iii. Stephen'. 

iv. Edward', d. April 8, 1856. 
V. Heman', m. Anna Drake; d. Oct. 8, 1858. 
vi. Polly', m. Jeremiah Searle; d. 1830. 
vii. Margaret', m. Zervan Moore, 
viii. Betsey', m. Elihu Clarke, 
ix. Orin'. 

424. William" Avery {Ephraim^, Samuel*, Thomas'", James-, 
Christopher*) was b. Sept. 2, 1757, at Montgomery, Mass.; m. 
Dec. 20, 1781, at Westfield, Mass., Sally Dewey, dau. of Thomas 
and Sarah (Martindale) Dewey. She was b. Sept. 24, 1762, at 
Westfield. He enlisted from Westfield, May 4, 1775, in Capt. 
Warham Park's co., Col. Danielson's reg't ; also marched on the 
Bennington alarm, 1777 {Mass. Soldiers and Sailors in the Revo- 
lution, 1:369). He was a farmer. He d. Sept. 24, 1822; she d. 
April 20, 1827, both at Montgomery. 

Children of William and Sally (Dewey) Avery, b. at Mont- 
gomery : 

Rowland', b. April 21, 1782. 
Charles DEVi^EY', b. Feb. 20, 1784. 
Vashti', b. May 16, 1786. 
Electa', b. July 11, 1788. 
Sally', b. Nov. 15, 1790. 
Nancy', b. Sept. 1, 1792. 













310 The Groton Avery Clan 

1078. vii. Olive', b. Jan. 19, 1795. 

1079. viii. Thomas Bill', b. Nov. 12, 1798. 

1080. ix. Abigail', b. March 10, 1801. 

425. Ephraim'^ Avery (Ephraim^, Samuel*, Thomas^, 
James-, Christopher'^) m. Susanna Chapman, dau. of Isaac and 
Mary (Potter) Chapman. Nov. 6, 1806, Ephraim Avery and 
Susanna, his wife; Samuel Avery and Mary, his wife; Isaac 
Chapman, sen., Isaac Chapman, jr., and several others, made 
Abner Chapman their attorney to demand and receive of Levi 
Bradford their shares as heirs of Mary Chapman, wife of Isaac 
Chapman, which Mary was heir-at-law of the Hon. Simon Potter, 
of Swansey, Mass. {Springfield Deeds, 43:556) . Ephraim Avery 
was in Capt. Joseph Cook's co., Col. Porter's Hampshire reg't, 
1779 {Mass. Soldiers and Sailors in the Rev'n, 1:366). He d. 
Nov. 16, 1850; she d. Dec. 2, 1852, aged 94 years, both at Mont- 
gomery, Mass. 

Children of Ephraim and Susanna (Chapman) Avery, b. at 
Montgomery, Mass. : 

Polly', b. Sept. 1, 1786. 

Elisha', b. Nov. 7, 1789. 

Susanna', b. June 5, 1792. 

Abner', b. Aug. 2, 1796. 

Horace', b. Jan. 13, 1799. 

Lucinda', died March 16, 1857; unm. 

Leutheur', b. Sept. 23, 1803. 

426. Abel" Avery {Ephrainv', Samuel*, Thomas^, James-, 
Christopher') m. Nov. 15, 1787, at Westfield, Mass., Jerusha 
Sackett. His estate was administered by Samuel Avery, Feb. 11, 
1812 {Northampton Wills, 28, 90). 

Children of Abel and Jerusha (Sackett) Avery, b. at West- 
field, Mass. : 

1087. i. Olive', b. April 3, 1789. 

1088. ii. Jerusha', b. Aug. 3, 1790. 

1089. iii. Adnah', b. Dec. 12, 1792. 

1090. iv. Walter', b. about 1795. 

1091. V. Isaac', b. about 1798. 

1092. vi. Solomon', b. Jan. 23, 1800. 
vii. John', died young. 

1093. viii. Clarissa'. 

1094. ix. Polly'. 

1095. X. John'. 















The Sixth Generation 311 

427. Bathsheba" Avery (Ephraim^, Samuel*, Thomas^, 
James-, Christopher'^) m. Peter Bundy. 

428. Samuel" Avery {Ephraim^, Samuel*, Thomas^, James-, 
Christopher^) was b. July 24, 1771; m. Nov. 21, 1791, Mary 
Chapman, dau. of Isaac and Mary (Potter) Chapman. She was 
b. April 3, 1770. He made his will, June 9, 1818, at Montgomery, 
Mass., and mentioned wife, Mary; youngest daughters, Mary 
Ann, Eunice, and Eliza; sons, Ephraim, Harvey, and Henry; 
daughters. Wealthy Wright, Asenath Avery, Lucy (Laura?) 
Herrick, and Betsey Avery {Springfield Wills, case 482). He d. 
June 10, 1818 ; she d. Aug. 18, 1845, at Montgomery. 

Children of Samuel and Mary (Chapman) Avery, b. at 
Montgomery, Mass. : 

1096. i. Ephraim', b. June 15, 1792. 

1097. ii. Wealthy", b. Dec. 5, 1793. 

1098. iii. Asenath', b. Sept. 24, 1795. 

1099. iv. Marilla', b. May 3, 1798. 

1100. V. Harvey', b. June 14, 1799. 

1101. vi. Laura', b. Oct. 30, 1801. 

1102. vii. Elizabeth', b. Aug. 25, 1803. 

1103. viii. Mary Ann', b. Dec. 25, 1805. 

1104. ix. Henry', b. Aug. 15, 1807. 

1105. X. Eunice', b. July 30, 1809. 

1106. xi. Eliza', b. July 4, 1811. 

429. Sarah'' Avery {Thomas'', Abraham*, Thomas^, James-, 
Christo2-)her^) was b. Sept. 26, 1769, at Montville; m. Asahel 
Adgate, s. of Thomas and Ruth (Leffingwell) Adgate. He was b. 
Sept. 2, 1767, at Montville. She d. July 28, 1821 ; he d. Sept. 5, 
1851, both at Montville. 

Children of Asahel and Sarah (Avery) Adgate, b. at Mont- 
ville : 

i. Thomas Avery', b. Jan. 2, 1791; m. Lois Perkins; d. March, 

ii. Mary Hart', b. May 31, 1794; m. Jedediah Willett, 
iii. Anna', b. Oct. 22, 1796. 
iv. Ruth L.', b. June 15, 1798. 

V. Sarah M.', b. June 15, 1798; m. Marvin Baker, 
vi. Caroline L.', b. June 25, 1810; m. George Bradford. 

312 The Groton Avery Clan 

430. Ruth''' Avery (Thomas^, Abraham*, Thomas-% James'-, 
Christopher^) was b. Jan. 23, 1772, at Montville; m. Joshua 
Wheeler. She lived on the old homestead that was built by the 
first Thomas Avery (No. 6). 

Child of Joshua and Ruth (Avery) Wheeler, b. at Montville: 
i. William Avery'. 

431. Abraham" Avery {Jonathan'', Abraham*, Thomas'", 
James-, Christopher') was b. Sept. 12, 1764, at East Lyme; m. 
Feb. 6, 1785, at Lyme, Elizabeth Noyes, dau. of Moses and Han- 
nah (Selden) Noyes. She was b. Sept. 3, 1766, at Lyme. He was 
a farmer at East Lyme. He d. Oct. 4, 1834 ; she d. Feb. 18, 1837, 
both at East Lyme; they were buried in the Stone Church 

Children of Abraham and Elizabeth (Noyes) Avery, b. at 
East Lyme: 

i. MosES\ b. Feb. 12, 1786; d. Aug. 8, 1788. 

1107. ii. Elizabeth', b. Feb. 19, 1788. 

iii. Mary^ b. Feb. 19, 1790; d. Nov. 26, 1858, at East Lyme. 

1108. iv. Abraham Selden', b. March 1, 1792. 

V. John Noyes', b. March 25, 1794; d. March 23, 1817, at East 

vi. Hannah', b. Dec. 25, 1795; d. March 12, 1852, at East 

Lyme; unm. 

1109. vii. Thomas', b. Jan. 1, 1798. 

viii. Enoch', b. Dec. 29, 1801; d. Oct. 13, 1802. 

1110. ix. Samuel', b. Jan. 4, 1805. 

X. William', b. Nov. 4 ; d. Nov. 12, 1807, at East Lyme. 

432. William Thomas" Avery {Nathan;', Abraham*, Thomas\ 
James-, Christopher') was b. Jan. 19, 1764, at Lebanon; m. June 
30, 1791, at Bozrah, Phebe Throop, dau. of William and Prudence 
(Hyde) Throop. She was b. March 1, 1771, at Bozrah. They 
moved from Bozrah to New Lebanon, N. Y., where he d. Nov. 10, 
1820. She moved with her children to Galesburg, 111., and d. 
there, Aug. 1, 1844. 

Children of William Thomas and Phebe (Throop) Avery, b. 
at New Lebanon, N. Y. : 

1111. i. Nathan', b. May 8, 1792. 

1112. ii. Clarissa', b. Oct. 31, 1793. 










The Sixth Generation 313 

iii. Hyde Throop', b. Nov. 13, 1797; d. Aug. 3, 1864, at Gales- 
burg, 111.; unm. 

iv. William Thomas', b. Aug. 17, 1800; d. Oct. 8, 1856, at 
Logansport, Iowa, while on a journey; unm. 

1113. V. George', b. Dec. 2, 1802. 

1114. vi. Deborah', b. Aug. 31, 1806. 

1115. vii. John Thomas', b. Dec. 29, 1810. 

1116. viii. Cornelia', b. June 7, 1816. 

433. Ashbel Stevens''' Avery {Abyaham'-, Abraham^, Thomas^, 
James-, ChristopJier') was b. May 8, 1775, at Montville; m. Oct. 
23, 1800, at Beckett, Mass., Eunice Allen. She was b. Nov. 23, 
1776. He d. March 29, 1829 ; she d. Oct. 17, 1854. 

Children of Ashbel Stevens and Eunice (Allen) Avery: 
Oriza', b. Feb. 7, 1803. 
Abraham', b. Dee. 19, 1805. 
Fanny', b. May 20, 1809; d. Jan. 13, 1813. 
Sarah Stevens', b. July 3, 1813. 
William Miller', b. Feb. 5, 1818. 

434. Nathan" Avery (Abraham^ Abraham*, Thomas^, 
James-, Christopher^) was b. Jan. 23, 1777, at Montville; m. 
about 1803, at Glastonbury, Sally Miller. She was b. Aug. 22, 
.1775. He d. Dec. 30, 1834, at Hudson, N. Y. ; she d. Jan. 6, 1851. 

Children of Nathan and Sally (Miller) Avery: 

Susan Miller', b. May 7, 1804. 

Laurette', b. May 30, 1805. 

Abraham', b. May 19, 1807; d. May 20, 1807. 

Sarah Maria', b. Jan. 3, 1809. 

Edwin', b. April 4, 1810; d. unm. 

Larmia Euphrasia', b. Dec. 7, 1811. 

William Henry', b. Oct. 27, 1813, at Claverack, N. Y. 
viii. Mary Sophia', b. Jan. 29, 1815. 
ix. Nathan', b. April 11, 1816; d. May 6, 1816. 

435. Anna*' Avery (Abraham^ Abraham*, Thomas'^, James-, 
Christopher^) was b. June 24, 1780, at Montville; m. Nov. 13, 
1800, Isaac Bevin. They lived at East Hampton, where the sons 
became the largest manufacturers of sleighbells in the country. 
She d. June 19, 1851 ; he d. May 8, 1870, both at East Hampton. 

Children of Isaac and Anna (Avery) Bevin, b. at East 
Hampton : 















314 The Groton Avery Clan 

i. Pamelia', b. Oct. 9, 1801. 

ii. William", b. June 17, 1804. 

iii. Chauncey', b. July 7, 1806. 

iv. Isaac A.', b. April 29, 1808. 

V. Abner Griswold', b. July 10, 1810. 

vi. Philo', b. Aug. 12, 1813; lieu't-col. of state militia. 

vii. Alice S.', b. July 3, 1815. 

viii. Adaline', b. Aug. 8, 1817. 

ix. Belinda', b. Jan. 17, 1820. 

436. Abraham^ Avery {Abraham^, Abraham*, Thomas^, 
James-, Christopher'^) was b. June 22, 1782, at Montville; m. 
Oct. 20, 1808, at Wilbraham, Mass., Elizabeth Bliss, dau. of the 
Hon. Abel and Elizabeth (Bartlett) Bliss. She was b. Jan. 29, 
1788, at Wilbraham. She d. Dec. 27, 1851, at Wilbraham. He m. 
2d, at Wilbraham, Belinda Cordelia Brewer. She was b. Aug. 5, 
1805. He was a tanner and saddler ; a large land owner and a 
successful business man; a devoted Methodist; one of the found- 
ers of the Weslej^an Academy at Wilbraham ; also of the Wes- 
leyan University at Middletown, Conn., of which he was a trus- 
tee; represented his town in the state legislature many times. 
He refused to pay the tax levied on all who were not members of 
the Orthodox church for the support of that denomination. He 
filled nearly every office in the gift of his townsmen. He d. Oct. 
18, 1853, at Wilbraham ; his widow d. Nov. 15, 1877. 

Children of Abraham and Elizabeth (Bliss) Avery, b. at 
Wilbraham, Mass. : 

1127. i. Addison', b. Feb. 20, 1810. 

ii. Benjamin', b. June 16, 1813; d. Dec. 13, 1819. 

iii. Simeon', b. Aug. 22, 1817; d. March 12, 1819. 

iv. Elizabeth', b. Oct. 13, 1819; d. Oct. 17, 1837. 

1128. V. Julia', b. April 18, 1822. 

1129. vi. Abraham', b. Nov. 15, 1824. 

437. Rebecca "^ Avery (Abraham^, Abraham^ Thomas^, 
James-, Christopher'^) was bap. Jan. 3, 1784, at Bolton; m. Oct. 
14, 1804, at Norwich, David Yale, s. of Joseph and Lydia 
(Sanger) Yale. He was b. April 9, 1781, at Norwich. He re- 
moved to Grey, Me., where she died July 16, 1805, and was buried 
with her child. He m. 2d, Olive Woodman ; 3d, Jane Stubbs ; d. 
at Leicester, N. Y., June 19, 1827. 

The Sixth Generation 


316 The Groton Avery Clan 

439. Dolly" Avery (Abraham^, Abraham*, Thomas^, James-, 
Christopher'') m. May 21, 1804, at Wilbraham, Mass., George 
Sellew. He was a sea captain and died at sea returning from 
New Orleans. 

Children of George and Polly (Avery) Sellew: 

i. Orrin\ b. Feb. 28, 1806; d. Feb., 1869. 

ii. George Clinton', b. April 14, 1807; d. Sept. 1, 1831. 

iii. Fidelia', b. April 13, 1808; d. July 1, 1811. 

iv. Lucy', b. Sept. 25, 1810; d. Sept. 10, 1831. 

V. LoviSA', b. Auo-. 25, 1812; m. Bogart. 

vi. Titus", b. March 15, 1815; d. June 25, 1822. 

450. John" Avery (Charles'', Jonathan*, Thomas^, James-, 
Christopher'') was b. Oct. 9, 1752, at Norwich; m. April 4, 1782, 
at Westport, Ann Hazard, daii. of John and Mary (Wake- 
man) Hazard, She was b. about 1764, at Green Farms. 
John Avery was graduated at Yale, 1777 ; pastor of the Congre- 
gational church, Stamford. He d. Sept., 1791, at Stam- 
ford ; his widow m. David Ripley ; she d. Dec. 26, 1830, at 

Children of John and Ann (Hazard) Avery, b. at Stamford: 
i. John Hazard', b. April 3, 1783; d. Jan. 30, 1867, at Wooster, 
O.; unm. 

1135. ii. Samuel', b. Sept. 5, 1785. 

iii. Charles', b. March 25, 1788; d. Nov. 27, 1807, at Kingston, 

1136. iv. Edward', b. Feb. 20, 1790. 

451. Charles" Avery {Charles'' , Jonathan*, Thomas^, James-, 
Christopher') was b. Aug. 16, 1754, at Norwich; m. Cordelia 

. He was in the Revolutionary war, under Capt. John 

Durkie, third reg't, 1775 ; under Jedediah Hyde, fourth reg't, 1777 
to 1780 ; in Capt. Stillman's co., 1781 ; was at Germantown, Val- 
ley Forge, Monmouth, Stony Point {Conn. Men in the Rev'n, 54, 
185, 319) . He is said to have married and died at Cincinnati. 

Child of Charles and Cordelia Avery : 

1137. i. Lydia', b. Dec. 25, 1784. 

452. Stephen'' Avery {Charles'", Jonathan*, Thomas^, James-, 
Christopher*) was b. July 17, 1756, at Norwich; m. at Brandon, 
Vermont, Mary Walker. She was b. July 17, 1780, at Brandon. 
Stephen Avery was a soldier in the Revolution, in Capt. Lamb's 

The Sixth Generation 317 

CO.; later in Capt. Huntington's co. ; crossed the Delaware with 
Washington and wintered at Vallej^ Forge {Conn. Men in the 
Rev'n, 293, 405). 

"Norwich, June 30, 1780. Note is made that Mr. Stephen Aveiy has 

enlisted in the service of his country to help make up the quota of 

the town" {Norwich Land Records, 23:368). 

He had a gristmill and a woolen factory at Brandon. Janu- 
ary 1, 1825, Stephen Avery and Mary his wife sold land in 
Brookfield, Mass., as heirs of Abraham Walker, of Brandon, 
latel}^ deceased {Worcester, Mass., Deeds). He d. Sept. 6, 1838; 
she d. Aug., 1859, at Saratoga Springs, N. Y. 

Children of Stephen and Mary (Walker) Avery, b. at Bran- 

Marcia', d. young. 

Stephen Waterman', b. March 7, 1800; a physician; stud- 
ied abroad; settled in New York; author; d. June 22, 
1833, at New York City; unm. 
Mary Weld', b. about 1803. 
Abigail Post', b. about 1805. 
Charles', b. Nov. 16, 1806. 
Perez Jones', b. March 28, 1812. 
William Lovell', b. Feb. 28, 1815. 
viii. Elijah Franklin', b. June 1, 1818; d. about 1842; unm. 
ix. James Frederick', b. Sept. 24, 1822. 
Joseph Francis', b. June 10, 1824. 

453. Abigail Avery {Charles'', Jonathan*, Thomas^, James-, 
Christopher^) was b. Dec. 7, 1758, at Norwich; m. Sept. 1, 1776, 
at Norwich, Case Cook. They lived at Brandon, Vermont. He 
was a farmer; selectman. 

454. Simeon ** Avery {Charles'', Jonathan^ Thomas\ James-, 
Christopher') was b. Sept. 17, 1759, at Norwich; m, Sarah 
Bump, dau. of Levi and Patience Bump, of Norwich. She was 
b. April 13, 1764, at Norwich. He was a farmer and blacksmith, 
at Brandon, Vt. He d. Jan. 16, 1803, at Brandon ; his widow m. 
Simeon Bigelow, the widower of her sister-in-law, Elizabeth 

Children of Simeon and Sarah (Bump) Avery: 

1151. i. Simeon Shipman', b. Feb. 14, 1784, at Rutland, Vt. 

1152. ii. Elijah', d. at Pittsford, Vt. 

1153. iii. Daniel F.', b. May 26, 1791. 

1154. iv. Royal Augustus', b. July 7, 1800. 


















318 The Groton Avery Clan 

1155. V. Charles'. He m. and left a family of which we have found 

no further trace. 

1156. vi. Stephen'. He m. and left a family in Michigan. No fur- 

ther trace. 

455. Hannah'' Avery {Charles^ Jonathan^ Thomas^, James-, 

ChristovheV) was b. May 26, 1761, at Norwich; m. 

Cross, as proved by the settlement of her father's estate. Said to 
have married a Mr. King of Brandon, possibly a second hus- 
band. She d. Jan. 28, 1847, at Potsdam, Ohio. 

456. Elizabeth" Avery {Charles', Jonathan^ Thomas^, 
James-, Christopher') was b. Oct. 8, 1764, at Norwich; m. March 
14 1790, Simeon Big-elow, s. of John and Grace (Allen) Bige- 
low. He was b. Apiil, 1752, at Acton, Mass. His first wife was 
Sarah Foster. His second wife, Elizabeth Avery, d. April 21, 
1804. He m. 3d, Sarah, widow of Simeon Avery, his brother-in- 
law (No. 454). He d. June 13, 1837, at Brandon, Vt. 

Children of Simeon and Elizabeth (Avery) Bigelow: 

i. Elijah Avery', b. Dec. 13, 1790; m. Diantha June; 2d, Milly 

ii. Daniel Post', b. March 14, 1792; m. Betsey Knight; d. 

March 23, 1853, at Barre, N. Y. 
iii. Thirza', b. March 12, 1794; m. Jaffrey Amherst Bogue; d. 

March 25, 1850. 
iv. Cli\e', b. Feb. 7, 1796; m. Samuel Arnold; d. Dec. 13, 1821, 

at Brandon. 
V. Augustus', b. Jan. 17, 1798; d. unm. 
vi. Minerva', b. April 22, 1799; d. April 23, 1804. 
vii. Eliza', b. June 28, 1801; m. William Pierce. 
viii. Simeon', b. Feb. 23, 1803; m. Charity Charlotte Childs; d. 

March 19, 1866, at Barre, N. Y. 

458. Daniel" Avery (Charles^ Jonathan\ Thomas\ James\ 
Christopher') was b. March 26, 1768, at Norwich; m. Feb. 6, 
1793, at Salisbury, Vt., Eunice Weeks, dau. of Holland and Han- 
nah (Moseley) Weeks. She was b. Oct. 7, 1769, at Brooklyn, 
Conn. She d. May 7, 1851 ; he d. Dec. 14, 1851, both at Bran- 
don. All descendants have a Mayflower ancestry through Han- 
nah Moseley, a descendant of John and Priscilla Alden (Weeks' 
Family Meeting) . 

Children of Daniel and Eunice (Weeks) Avery, b. in Bran- 

The Sixth Generation 319 

i. John', b. May 6, 1794; d. Dec. 13, 1821, at Brandon; unm. 

1157. ii. Abigail', b. March 23, 1796. 

iii. Samuel', b. Nov. 1, 1800; d. IVljarch 7, 1813, at Brandon. 

1158. iv. Ebenezer Weeks', b. Nov. 23, 1802. 

1159. V. Elijah', b. July 14, 1807. 

460. Sarah Manning" Avery (Elisha^, Jonathan*, TJiomas^, 
James", Christopher^) was b. Sept. 20, 1755, at Norwich; m. 
Frederick (Abel?) Caulkins. 

Child of Frederick and Sarah Manning (Avery) Caulkins, 
b. at Norwich : 

i. Elisha Avery', bap. July 25, 1793, First Cong'l Church of 

461. Elisha'^ Avery {Elisha^', Jonathan*, Thomas^, James-, 
Christopher'^) was b. Dec. 30, 1756, at Norwich; m. April 13, 
1777, at Norwich, Sybil Sanger, dau. of Josiah and Lydia 
Sanger. She was b. July 30, 1756, at Norwich. He served in the 
Revolutionary war ; was in the Lexington Alarm from Norwich ; 
private in Jedediah Huntington's co., eighth reg't, 1775; same 
reg't, 1777 (Conn. Men in the Rev'n, 19, 85, 147) . He d. Feb. 10, 
1807, at Norwich ; she d. Jan. 7, 1855, at Woodstock. 

Children of Elisha and Sybil (Sanger) Avery, b. at Nor- 

Sarah', b. Jan. 18, 1778. 

Sybil', b. Jan. 28, 1780. 

Sophia', b. Feb. 8, 1782. 

Elisha', b. Oct. 16, 1783. 

Abigail', b. Jan. 9, 1789. 

Lucy', b. July 8, 1791; d. July 15, 1819; unm. 

462. Oliver*' Avery (Jo7iathan% Jonathan*, Thomas^, James^, 
Christopher^) m. Aug., 1802, Lois Vibber, dau. of Leonard Vib- 

Children of Oliver and Lois (Vibber) Avery: 
1174. i. Leonard', b. Dec. 11, 1803. 




















Mary H.'. 






Abbie Ann'. 

463. Gardiner" Avery (Jonathan^ Jonathan*, Thomas^, 
James-, Christopher^) m. Jan. 10, 1802, at Bozrah, Rachel Bald- 

320 The Groton Avery Clan 









win. She M^as bap. Sept. 16, 1781, at Bozrah. She d. Oct. 
30, 1807, at Bozrah. He m. 2d, May 25, 1813, at Bozrah, Rhoda 
Abel, dau. of Simon and Mary (Crooker) Abel. She was b. June 
24, 1780. He d. Dec. 4, 1852, at Bozrah. He was town clerk of 
Bozrah many years; just'ce of the peace, 1818-1841 ; representa- 
tive in the general court, 1815, 1817, 1820, 1827, 1832, 1833 {Ms. 
State Papers, Hartford) . 

Children of Gardiner and Rachel (Baldwin) Avery, b. at 
Bozrah : 

Jannette", b. Sept. 4, 1802. 

Albert Gallatin', b. April 8, 1804. 

Erastus', b. Nov. 19, 1805. 

Rachel Baldwin', b. Sept. 17, 1807. 

465. Polly^ Avery (Jonathan^ Jo7iathan\ Thomas^, James-, 
Christopher^) m. Guerdon Leffingwell, s. of Andrew and Mary 
(Nobles) Leffingwell. He was b. May 28, 1768. He d. Jan. 16, 
1844; she d. Dec. 17, 1869, both at Leffingwell cov/n. 

Children of Guerdon and Polly (Avery) Leffingwell, b. at 
Leffingwelltown : 

i. Elisha', b. Feb. 6, 1796; m. Betsey Beebe. 

ii. Elihu Marvin', b. July 20, 1798; m. Abby Ann Chapman; 
2d, Sarah Ann Whaley; d. March 31, 1856. 

iii. Gardiner', b. Jan. 10, 1801; d. unm. 

iv. Mary Ann', b. April 4, 1803; m. Reuben L. Bromley. 

V. Amanda', b. Nov. 4, 1805; m. Alfred Rogers. 

vi. Andrew', b. July 8, 1808; m. Sally Smith Sabin. 

vii. George', b. March, 1811; d. Nov. 28, 1881, at Leffingwell- 
town ; unm. 

viii. Fitch Beebe', b. 1813; d. 1827. 

ix. Ira', b. 1816; d. May 4, 1872, at Leffingwelltown; unm. 

X. Harriet', b. Aug. 25, 1819; m. Joseph Kelso. 

466. Sally'' Avery {Jonathan'', Jonat]Lan\ Thomas^, James'-, 
Christopher^) married Elisha Post, s. of John and Abigail (Lef- 
fingwell) Post. He was b. April 6, 1774. She died June 21, 
1844, aged 62; he d. Dec. 8, 1854. 

Children of Elisha and Sallj^ (Avery) Post: 
i. Diantha F.', b. Sept. 2, 1807. 
ii. Elisha', b. Oct. 11, 1811. 
iii. Eunice E.', b. Nov. 6, 1813. 
iv. Phila Gifford', b. March 14, 1S16. 

The Sixth Generation 321 

V. Mary Abby', b. March 31, 1818. 

vi. Sally Maria", b. June 10, 1820. 

vii. Jabez', b. Aug. 7, 1823. 

viii. John', b. Dec. 17, 1826. 

ix. Amy Avery', b. June 13, 1828. 

467. A Daughter'' {Jouathmr, Jonathan^ Thomas^, James-, 
Christopher^) ; m. Moses Sherman. 

468. A Daughter" {Joimthaiv', Jonathan*, Thomas^, James-, 
Christopher^) ; m. Henry Curtis. 

470. Olive*' Avery {DavicV', Jonathan"-, Thomas^, James-, 
Christopher^) ; m. Ward Risley. No children. 

471. David'' Avery {DavicP, Jonathan^ Thomas^, James-, 
Christopher^) ; m. Minerva Hubbard. They lived in Madison 
County, N. Y., where she d. about 1840. He moved to Michigan 
and d. Sept. 10, 1857, at Genesee, Mich. 

Children of David and Minerva (Hubbard) Avery: 

1184. i. Jane'. 

1185. ii. William'. 

1186. iii. Franklin^ 

1187. iv. Helen Minerva', b. Sept. 8, 1829, at Hamilton, N. Y. 

1188. V. Theodora', b. March 30, 1834, at Hamilton, N. Y. 

472. Betsey" Avery {DavicV', Jonathan^, Thomas^, James-, 
Christopher'^ ) ; m. the Rev. Job Potter. 

Child of Job and Betsej^ (Avery) Potter: 
i. Hiram Palmer'. 

473. Guerdon" Avery {DavicV, Jonathan*, Thomas^, James^, 
Christopher^) was b. Sept. 5, 1793, at Lisbon. Conn.; m. about 
1823, at Pittsfield, Mass., Lurinda Fuller. He was a hop grower. 
He d. Sept. 10, 1757, at Waterville, N. Y. 

Children of Guerdon and Lurinda (Fuller) Avery, b. at 
Hamilton, N. Y. : 

1189. i. Guerdon Fuller', b. Feb. 14, 1828. 

1190. ii. JosEPHENE Lurinda', b. Aug. 23, 1833. 

474. Lucy^ Avery {DavicV, Jonathan"^, Thomas^, James-, 
Christopher'^) was b. Aug. 10, 1795, at New Lebanon, N. Y. ; m. 
Dec. 3, 1814, at Watertown, N. Y., Timothy Smith. He was b. 
Nov. 17, 1791, at Hartford; d. Aug. 20, 1873. 

322 The Groton Avery Clan 

Children of Timothy and Lucy (Avery) Smith, b. at 
Augusta, N. Y. : 

i. Edward', died young. 

ii. Sarah Ann', b. April 2, 1817; m. John Yale; d. Jan. 25, 

1899, at Watertown, N. Y. 
iii. Betsey Jane', died young, 
iv. Timothy Avery', b. Nov. 11, 1822; m. Lucy A. Massey; d. 

Oct. 7, 1891, at Watertown. 
V. Anson Palmer', b. June 14, 1825; m. Mary Ann Smith, 
vi. Hiram Perry', b. March 18, 1828; m. Emma Smith; d. 

March 27, 1885. 
vii. Savillian Fuller', b. May 22, 1831; m. Smith; 2d, 

Nellie E. Eggleston. 

475. Frederick" Avery (Davicl^, Jonathan*, Thomas^, James-, 
Christopher^) b. at Hubbardsville, N. Y. ; m. Hannah Stanbergh, 
dau. of Adam and Rachel (Snyder) Stanbergh. He was a 
painter. He d. June, 1848, at North Brookfield, N. Y. ; she d. 
Jan., 1855, at Poolville, N. Y. 

Children of Frederick and Hannah (Stanbergh) Avery, b. 
at Hubbardsville, N. Y. : 

1191. i. Sarah', b. July 5, 1832. 

1192. ii. Betsey L.', b. Sept. 9, 1836. 

1193. iii. Olive J.', b. June 30, 1838. 

1194. iv. Palmer', b. June 9, 1840. 

476. Charles^ Avery (Davicl^, Jonathan*, Thomas^, James-, 
Christopher^) was b. Sept. 12, 1802, at Hamilton, N. Y. ; m. 
Angeline Greene, dau. of David and Deliverance (Hatch) 
Greene. She was b. Dec. 8, 1803, at South East, N. Y. ; d. May 
28, 1842, at North Brookfield, N. Y. He m. 2d, Oct. 16, 1843, at 
Verona, N. Y., Lois Ann Jackson, dau. of Miller and Lucinda 
Hand (Gillette) Jackson. She was b. Oct. 3, 1821, at Verona, 
N. Y. He was a farmer and d. at Watertown, Wis., Oct., 1882. 
His widow d. April 9, 1897, at Central Lake, Mich. 

Children of Charles and Lois Ann (Jackson) Avery: 

i. Lois Angeline', b. July 24, 1844, at Henderson, N. Y.; d. 
Dec. 27, 1845. 

1195. ii. Euphemia Maria', b. Sept. 27, 1845, at Henderson. 

1196. iii. Edgar Charles', b. May 22, 1847, at Verona, N. Y. 

The Sixth Generation 323 

1197. iv. Eugene Lewis', b. March 16, 1854, at Concord, Wis.; d., 
1878, at Portland, Ore. 
V. Flora Orabella', b. Nov. 16, 1863, at Concord; d Sept. 15, 

486. Lydia*^ Avery (Samuel^, Isaac*, Thomas^, James-, 
Christopher^) m. Joseph Denison. He d. July 27, 1828, aged 84; 
she d. March 13, 1839, aged 84, both at West Stafford. 

Children of Joseph and Lydia (Avery) Denison, b. at West 
Stafford : 

i. Lucinda', m. Leonard Smith; d. May 24, 1836, aged 60, at 

West Spi'ingfield, Mass. 
ii. George', m. Phebe Beaman; lived at Warehouse Point, 


iii. Lydia', m. Wardwell. 

iv. Sarah', m. McKenney. 

V. Amos'. 

vi. Clarissa', b. Nov. 13, 1789; m. John Bi-agg; d. June 7, 

1875, at Somers, Conn, 
vii. Joseph', b. March 4, 1798; m. Adeline Adams; lived at 

Northfield, Vt. 
viii. Hannah M.', m. Absalom Cady; d. March 19, 1835, at West 

ix. Ruby E.', b. Feb. 19, 1799; m. Benjamin Gold; d. Nov. 17, 

1870, at West Stafford. 
X. Robert', m. Mary Burpee. 

491. Charles'^ Avery {DanieP, Isaac*, Thomas^, James-, 
Christopher^) was b. Nov. 12, 1775, at West Stafford ; m. Oct. 23, 
1800, at Ellington, Sarah King. He was a carpenter at Somers. 
She d. July 27, 1840, aged 58; he d. Sept. 29, 1852, both at 

Children of Charles and Sarah (King) Avery, b. at Somers: 
i. Laura', b. Aug. 11, 1801; d. Nov. 9, 1803. 

1206. ii. Austin King', b. Oct. 6, 1804. 

iii. Sophronia', b. Oct. 30, 1809; d. Nov. 18, 1809. 

1207. iv. SoPHRONA Fox', b. March 5, 1813. 

1208. V. Laurana Charlotte', b. Feb. 14, 1820. 

492. Henry ^ Avery (Daniel^, Isaac*, Thomas^, James-, 
Christopher^) was b. Aug. 25, 1777, at West Stafford; m. 
Jan. 31, 1811, at Longmeadow, Mass., Lydia Hale, dau. of 
Thomas and Annie (Stebbins) Hale of Longmeadow. She was 

324 The Groton Avery Clan 

b. Aug. 2, 1785, at Longmeadow. He was a farmer. He d. April 
12, 1872 ; she d. Oct. 25, 1872, both at West Stafford. 

Children of Henry and Lydia (Hale) Avery, bo at West 
Stafford : 

1209. i. Daniel', b. April 18, 1812. 

ii. Almira', b. April 12, 1814; d. Feb. 26, 1893, at Somers; unm.. 

1210. iii. Lydia', b. April 24, 1816. 

1211. iv. Minerva', b. April 17, 1818. 

1212. V. Charlotte', b. May 31, 1821. 

vi. Flavia Anne', b. Feb. 19, 1824; d. Jan. 25, 1828. 

493. Charlotte- Avery {DmiieV', lsaac\ Thomas^, James\ 
Christopher') was b. Dec. 26, 1779, at West Stafford; m. 
Jan. 8, 1818, at West Stafford, as his second wife, Arab Adams, 
s. of Zadoc and Ruth (Bush) Adams. He was a farmer and 
carpenter at Suffield and West Stafford. He d. Nov. 22, 1826, 
aged 50; she d. June 30, 1856, both at West Stafford. No 

494. Lovina'^ Avery (Daniel% Isaac^, Thomas\ James^^ 
Christopher') was b. Sept. 6, 1781, at West Stafford; m. March 
5, 1811, at West Stafford, Lotan Hildreth. His parentage is un^ 
known. He d. May 12, 1848 ; she d. Sept. 17, 1852, both at West 
Stafford. No children. 

495. Elihu*' Benton Avery (Daniel% Isaac\ Thomas^, 
James-, Christopher') was b. Nov. 26, 1784, at West Stafford; 
m. Jan., 1810, at Somers, Polly Fuller, dau. of Joseph and Polly 
(Jenks) Fuller. He was a farmer. She d. June 9, 1867; he d.. 
June 12, 1878, both at West Stafford. 

Children of Elihu Benton and Polly (Fuller) Avery, b. at 
West Stafford : 

Loren Fox', b. June 10, 1811; d. June 6, 1846. 

LovATUS King', b. Aug. 2o, 1813; d. Dec. 3, 1814. 

LovATUS King', b. May 14, 1816; d. Aug. 16, 1857; married;; 

no further record received. 
Lyman Wolcott', b. Jan. 7, 1818. 
Theodore Morrison', b. May 20, 1820. 
Horatio Delford', b. July 24, 1822. 

Danford Hamilton', b. Aug. 8, 1824; d. March 13, 1828. 
i218. viii. Eliza Amanda', b. Dec. 5, 1826. 













The Sixth Generation 325 

1219. ix. Lauraett Lorina', b. Oct. 2, 1828. 

X. Lawson Hamilton', b. June 19, 18.33; d. July 11, 1857; at 
West Stafford; unm. 

496. Azuba*' Avery (Daniel'', Isaac^, Thomas^, James-, 
Christopher') was b. Feb. 6, 1790, at West Stafford; m. Nov. 29, 
1809, at West Stafford, Guerdon Woodworth, s. of Charles and 
Alithea (Woodworth) Woodworth. 

Children of Charles and Azuba (Avery) Woodworth : 
i. Laura', m. Austin O. Bradley, 
ii. Ann". 

iii. Alithea', m. Daniel Dimmock. 
iv. Azuba'. 

497. Lilly "^ Avery (Daniel^, Isaac^, Thomas^, James", Chris- 
topher') was b. Nov. 22, 1793, at West Stafford; m. March 31, 
1811, at West Stafford, Charles Woodworth, s. of Charles and 
Alithea (Woodworth) Woodworth. He d. Jan. 9, 1857. 

Children of Charles and Lilly (Avery) Woodworth: 

i. Caroline L.', b. April 22, 1815, at Somers; m. William 
King; d. March 1, 1881, at Monson, Mass. 

ii. Charles Lewis', b. May 2, 1820; m. 2d, Hannah Amelia 
Perkins; minister; secretary of American Missionary 

iii. Sherman C.', b. Feb. 10, 1822; m. Emeline Walbridge. 

iv. Flavia H.', b. March 13, 1824; m. Dwight Keep, at Lock- 
port, N. Y. 

V. Giles W.', b. March 25, 1826; m. Jennette A. Holmes; 2d, 
Lavina Goss. 

vi. Dexter S.', b. Nov. 6, 1827; m. Mindwell Grant, at Mont- 
gomery, Mass. 

vii. Emily F.', b. March 5, 1830; m. Charles Fay; 2d, Daniel 
G. Green. 

viii. Maria Theresa', b. Sept., 1837; died young. 

505. John** Avery (John% John*, John^, James-, Christo- 
pher') was bap. in infancy, Jan. 2, 1731, First Church of 
Groton ; m. about 1752, Mehitabel Buell, dau. of Lieut. Abel and 
Mehitabel (Dewey) Buell (David Avery ms.) . She was b. May 
8, 1735, at Lebanon. John Avery served as corporal in 
Ebenezer Leech's co., 1755 ; in Capt. Bilhngs's co., as sergeant, 
1757 (Freyich and hidian War Rolls). He was undoubtedly in 
the Revolution. One of his letters, dated Aug. 12, 1775, and now 
in the possession of a descendant, states that Gov. Trumbull had 


















326 The Groton Avery Clan 

received word from Gen. Washington to stop the troops and 
recruiting officers on the road and that he [John Avery] feared 
that he would have to disband the company that he had raised ; 
that he had written to Col. Sargeant on the matter ; that he was 
ready to join the regiment or to go to New London. A reference 
to the records shows that such an order was given, Aug. 9, 1775 
{Harriet L. Eames, Bridgeport) . John Avery was buried Jan. 
8, 1814, at Ellington ; the date of her death is unknown. 
Children of John and Mehitabel (Buell) Avery: 

Rhoda", b. Nov. 30, 1753, at Goshen. 

John', b. Jan. 21, 1756, at Goshen. 

Lydia', b. Dec. 28, 1757, at Goshen. 

Abel', b. Aug. 30, 1760, at Norwich. 

Jabez', b. Jan. 29, 1764, at Norwich. 

Elizabeth', b. July 1, 1766, at Norwich. 

David', bap. Sept. 18, 1768, First Church of Norwich; d. y. 

Asa', b. March 12, 1770, at Norwich. 

Charlotte' {David Avery ms.). 

506. Jabez'' Avery (John^, John*, John^, James-, Christo- 
pher-^) was bap. in infancy, April 14, 1734, First Church of 
Groton ; m. Nov. 18, 1761, at Norwich, Lucy Bushnell, dau. 
of Capt. Richard and Lucy (Perkins) Bushnell. She was b. 
Sept. 10, 1733, at Norwich. It has been surmised that he had a 
first wife, Lydia, who d, soon after marriage, but diligent search 
fails to reveal such an one. He was a coachmaker at Norwich. 
He was in the "Lexington Alarm" ; corporal, 1775, 7th co., 6th 
reg't; in Capt. Brewster's co., Col. Huntington's reg't^ 1776; d. 
in the army of smallpox, Jan. 30, 1779 (Conn. Men in the Rev'n, 
7, 76, 102). His estate was not fully settled until May, 1802. 
His widow d. Aug. 19, 1788, at Norwich ; she was buried by the 
side of her husband in the Norwichtown burying-ground. 

Children of Jabez and Lucy (Bushnell) Avery, b. at Nor- 
wich, and bap. in the First Church there : 

Jabez', b. April 16, 1763. 

Richard', b. April 24, 1764. 

Lucy', b. Jan. 1, 1766. 

Hannah', b. Nov. 26, 1767. 

John', b. March 4, 1769. 

Guerdon', b. Jan. 14, 1771. 

Caleb', b. Dec. 25, 1773. 

Lydia', bap. Aug. 6, 1775; d. Oct. 30, 1775. 
















The Sixth Generation 327 

507. Amos*^ Avery {John;', Jo]m\ John-, James-, Christo- 
pher^) was bap. April 18, 1736, First Church of Groton; m. 
Nov. 2, 1756, at Norwich, Irene Kingsbury, dau. of Capt. 
Ephraim and Martha (Smith) Kingsbury. She was b. Dec. 15, 
1737, at Norwich. He m. 2d, Anna Edg-arton, dau. of Cornet 
Hezekiah and Ann (Abell) Edgarton. She was b. Oct. 9, 1738, 
at Norwich, He d. Aug. 11, 1823, at North Coventry. She was 
alive Sept. 8, 1715 {David Avery ms.) . It has been difficult to 
determine the names and order of the children. The following, 
from the David Avery ms., the Coventry records, and family 
papers, is probably substantially correct. 

Child of Amos and Irene (Kingsbury) Avery, b. at Nor- 
wich : 

1244. i. Amos', b. May 22, 1757. 

Children of Amos and Anna (Edgarton) Avery: 



Jabez', b. Jan. 3, 1763, at Coventry. 

Asahel', b. May 6, 1765, at Coventry. 


Jeduthan', b. Feb. 15, 1780, at Coventry. 


508. Lydia'' Avery {Johir, John*, John^, James-, Christo- 
pher^) was bap. July 23, 1738, First Church of Colchester; m. 
John Gager, s. of John and Jerusha (Barstow) Gager of Frank- 
lin {David Avery ms.) . He was b. Nov. 13, 1736, at Norwich. 
She d. Nov. 9, 1785, at Norwich. He m. again ; d. Nov. 10, 1817, 
at Norwich. 

Children of John and Lydia (Avery) Gager, b. at Norwich: 
i. Irene', b. April 13, 1761; d. y. 
ii. Lydia', b. Dec. 24, 1762; m. Cheral Abel, 
iii. John', b. Aug. 15, 1764; d. March 20, 1851, at Norwich, 
iv. Asanath', b Jan. 1, 1767; m. Green Marshall McCall. 
V. Bethenia'. 
vi. Othniel', b. Aug. 25, 1769; m. Rebecca Rudd; was town 

clerk of Norwich for forty years; d. April 18, 1841, at 

vii. Amos', b. May 9, 1772; m. Sarah Throop. 
viii. Alvin', b. Dec. 15, 1776; d. Sept. 25, 1778. 
ix. Anna', b. May 24, 1781; d. y. 
















The Groton Avery Clan 

509. Nathan '^ Avery {John% John\ John\ James-, Christo- 
pher^) was b. Nov. 22, 1737, at Groton; m. Nov. 20, 1766, at 
Preston, Mercy Burrows. He d. at Leyden, Mass., Nov. 19, 1829. 
Children of Nathan and Mercy (Burrows) Avery, b. at 
Preston ; all bap. in the First Church of Preston : 

Mercy', b. April 12, 1768; d. unm. 

Ann', b. April 29, 1770; d. April 30, 1773. 

Sarah', b. Sept. 26, 1772. 

Esther', b. April 22, 1775; d. unm. 

Polly', b. April, 1778. 





510. Nehemiah« Avery {John\ John\ John\ James-, Chris- 
topher^) m. April 23, 1766, Anna Denison, dau. of John and 
Abigail (Avery) Denison (No. 176). He served in Nehemiah 
Waterman's co., 1779, 20th reg't of militia, detached to co- 
operate with Count D'Estaing {Con7i. Me7i in the Rev'n, 555). 
He d. at Norwich, Aug. 26, 1789, and his widow m. Amos Clift, 
Nov., 1799. 



Children of Nehemiah and Anna (Denison) Avery; 

1255. i. David', b. May 4, 1768. 

1256. ii. Bebee Denison', b. June 6, 1771. 

iii. William', b. 1775; d. June 15, 1790. 

1257. iv. Nancy', b. Sept. 12, 1785. 

The Sixth Generation 


511. David'' Avery {John', John\ John"^, James-, Christo- 
pher') was b. April 5, 1746, at Norwich; m. Oct. 10, 1782, at 
Mansfield, Hannah Chaplin, dau. of Benjamin and Mary 
(Paine) Chaplin. She was b. Aug. 3, 1752, at Mansfield. 
David Avery was prepared for Yale at the Rev. Eleazur Whee- 


lock's school at Lebanon where he became interested in the 
Indians. In 1766, he went as missionary to the Indians of west- 
ern New York. After his return from Fort Stanwix, he was 
graduated at Yale, in 1769. He preached for a time to the 
Indians of Long Island. In 1771, he went to Hanover, N. H., 
where Dr. Wheelock had begun a college. August 29, 1771, he 

330 The Groton Avery Clan 

was ordained assistant to the Rev. Mr. Kirkland, at Oneida, 
New York, where he spent a year among the Indians. He 
finished his studies in divinity with Dr. Wheelock at Hanover 
and received the honorary degree of A. M. from Dartmouth 
College in 1773. The same year, he became pastor of the 
Congregational church at Windsor, Mass. He marched from 
Windsor on the "Lexington Alarm," w^ith about twenty of his 
parishioners; w^as made chaplain of Col. Patterson's regiment, 
April 22, 1775, later becoming chaplain of the fourth Massachu- 
setts brigade. His diaries, extending through the w^ar, w^ere in 
the possession of George Austin Clark, of Utica, New York, a 
descendant. From these w^e learn that David Avery w^as at the 
battle of Bunker Hill ; Noodle's Island ; the siege of New York ; 
in the Canada expedition of which he has left a graphic account. 
He crossed the Delaw^are with Washington and w^as in the battle 
of Trenton. (See Avery's History of the United States and its 
People, vol. 6, chap. 2.) The following account, taken from his 
diary, will give some idea of the value of these little books, which 
should be published : 

25. Wednesday. Left ye charge of Majr. Sherburne's horse and mine 
with Mr. C. Vanhorn, N. Town, as we expect to be gone upon an 
expedition some time. Left a shirt and tenting irons in a white 
Holland handkerchief, in the care of Mr. Wm. Ashburn in New 
Town, a little more than half quarter mile north of the Presbyterian 
Ch. Genl. St. Clare's brigade formed and marcht out of town about 
sunset, on their way to Trenton, they stopt & took ammunition and 
flint at Wm. Keith's, proceeded to Yarley's Ferry, about 9 miles 
above Trenton — we made a halt — struck up fires, left our packs, and 
all got across the Delaware by 3 oC. in the morning, when we pro- 
ceeded to Trenton, & arrived there just before the action was over. 
Genls. Washington, Green & Sullivan with several brigadiers, and 
about 3000 men crost the river before us. 

26. Thursday. Genl. Washington began his attack on ye Hessions 
about sunrise, by first taking & driving in their out-guards, — in 
about 20 minutes the fire on & from the town became general when 
ye fieldpieces & musquetry played briskly from both sides wh con- 
tinued about 25 minutes, & then the enemy left ye town, & soon 
surrendered Prisoners of war. We took 6 excellent brass field 
pieces, about 1400 stands of small ai-ms, a waggon load of ammuni- 
tion &c &c — & about 1180 Prisoners — among wh was a Col. acting 
as a brigadier. Near 60 were killed and wounded, among whom 
was a Col. mortally wounded, the second in command. The lower 

The Sixth Generation 331 

division not being able to cross the river by reason of ice, the Genl. 
ordered, us to return immediately. We were greatly distrest with a 
very cold storm of rain, hail & snow, wh blew with great violence 
from the N.east from four oC. 'till night. The prisoners marcht up 
& crost at Yarley's Ferry — the wounded officers were left on their 
parole. I had the good fortune to cross the river before night, wh 
was exceeding difficult to cross by reason of the abundance of the 
ice. I was extremely chilled, & came near perishing before I could 
get to a fire. 

David Avery was released from his pastorate in 1777, with 
the best of feeling on both sides, because he felt that it was his 
duty to remain in the army. From his diary we learn that he 
shouldered a musket when need required. He remained in the 
army until the close of the war. After the war, he preached in 
several places. He again went as missionary to the New York 
Indians, when, after an interval of thirty-three years, he again 
met Red Jacket. They greeted each other with great affec- 
tion. In 1801, he went as missionary to Maine. He has left a 
delightful account of this expedition. He was the first historian 
of the Groton Avery clan. He began his genealogical work about 
1800 ; his manuscript pages have been of great aid in the prepa- 
ration of this work. He obtained much information from his 
great-aunt. Thankful Avery (No. 177), who was born in 1718 
and died in 1813. It was his statement to the effect that Christo- 
pher Avery was a kersey weaver from Devon that first directed 
attention to that county. This resulted in finding the parentage 
and the name of the wife of the emigrant, Christopher Avery. 
Many of David Avery's printed sermons as well as his diaries 
covering a period of forty years are still preserved. One of his 
sermons in our possession is a song of exultation over the 
alliance with the French. In this he reviews the war and its 
causes, and points out that the truth must prevail. It was 
preached before Col. Sherburne's regiment, December 18, 1777. 

David Avery died Feb. 16, 1818, while preparing for a 
journey to Virginia; his widow died Jan. 15, 1837, at Hampton., 

Children of the Rev. David and Hannah (Chaplin) Avery: 

1258. i. Mary Chaplin', b. July 4, 1783, at Mansfield. 

ii. Hannah', b. June 7, 1785; d. May 15, 1786, at Mansfield. 

1259. iii. David', b. Sept. 7, 1787, at Wrentham, Mass. 

1260. iv. Hannah', b. June 27, 1790, at Wrentham. 

1261. V. Lydia Smith', b. April 29, 1793, at Hampton. 

332 The Groton Avery Clan 

512. Roswell'' Avery (John', John', John\ James-, Christo- 
pher') was b. Dec. 17, 1748, at Groton; m. Dec. 13, 1770, at 
Groton, Martha Fish, dau. of Capt. Jonathan and Abigail (Fish) 
Fish. She was b. April 1, 1753, at Groton. He d. Dec. 1, 1781, 
at Groton. 

Children of Roswell and Martha (Fish) Avery, b. at Gro- 

i. Lydia Fish', b. Oct. 2, 1771; d. May 25, 1848; unm. 

1262. ii. Martha Fish', b. Oct. 2, 1771. 

iii. MosES^ b. Aug. 10, 1773; d. Feb. 8, 1794, at Groton. 

1263. iv. Abigail Fish', b. Sept. 3, 1776; d. March 28, 1855. 
V. Matilda Fish', b. Aug. 8, 1780 ; d. March 13, 1802. 

513. Sarah'' Avery {John\ John\ John\ James-, Christo- 
pher') m. Elijah Brockway (David Avery ms.) . 

Children of Elijah and Sarah (Avery) Brockway {David 

Avery ms.) : 

i. Charlotte'. 

ii. Sarah'. 

iii. Elijah'. 

iv. Roswell'. 

V. Nathan'. 

vi. George'. 

514. George" Avery {George% John\ John\ James', Chris- 
topher') was b. April 24, 1759, at Groton; m. Mary Allyn, dau. 
of Nathan and Sarah (Freeman) Allyn. She was b. March, 
1766, at Groton. Nathan Allyn was the s. of Robert and Abigail 
(Avery) Allyn (No. 75). 

Children of George and Mary (Allyn) Avery: 

1264. i. George'. 

1265. ii. Christopher'. He d. Sept. 12, 1815. 

1266. iii. Simeon', b. Oct. 9, 1794. 

1267. iv. Alfred', b. March 9, 1797, at Montville. 

1268. V. Cynthia'. 

1269. vi. Mary'. 

515. William' Avery {George^ John*, John\ James-, Chris- 
topher') was b. Jan. 26, 1764, at Groton; m. Phebe Gallup, dau. 
of Joseph and Mary (Gardner) Gallup. She was b. April 10, 
1762. He d. July 25, 1818, at Groton ; she d. March 30, 1840, at 
Groton ; both were buried in the Avery-Morgan burying-ground. 

The Sixth Generation 833 

Children of William and Phebe (Gallup) Avery: 

1270. i. William', b. May 1, 1791, at Groton. 

1271. ii. Phebe'. 

1272. iii. Lucretia'. 

1273. iv. Guerdon'. 

The last three names are found only in the David Avery ms. 

516. Eunice" Avery {George'" , John*, John^, James-, Chris- 
topher') was b. Sept. 25, 1767, at Groton; m. Capt. Caleb John- 
son, s. of Robert Johnson of Montville. He d. Aug. 8, 1809, in the 
46th j^ear of his age. She m. 2d, Caleb Avery, whose identity has 
not been determined, but he was probably No, 685. 

"Eunice Avery relic of Capt. Caleb Johnson & Caleb Avery died Sept. 
15, 1829, aged 62 years" {Tombstone, Avery-Morgan burying- 
ground) . 

She probably had children by her first husband. Eunice, daugh- 
ter of Caleb Johnson, b. April 27, 1790, m. Thomas Allyn, and d. 
in Buffalo, N. Y., June 18, 1861. 

517. AbeF Avery {George'', John*, John^, James-, Christo- 
pher^) was b. April 2, 1769, at Groton; m. Temperance Avery 
(No. 825), dau. of Christopher and Dorothy (Heatn) Avery 
{David Avery ms.). She was b. June 14, 1773. Abel Avery was 
killed by the fall of the topmast on Capt. Amos Smith's ship, on 
Long Island Sound, Dec. 30, 1806 {David Avery ms.) . David 
Avery preached the funeral sermon, Jan. 6, 1807, from Isaiah 

Children of Abel and Temperance (Avery) Avery, b. at 
Groton : 

Lucr, b. Feb. 26, 1796; d. Oct. 30, 1858, at Groton; unm. 
Temperance', b. 1798; d. March 24, 1880, at Groton, aged 

Abel (David Avery ms.) . 
Henry^ (David Avery ms.) . 
David', b. Nov., 1804. 
Thomas', b. July 16, 1807. 

518. Phebe'' Avery {George% John*, John\ James^, Christo- 
pher') was b. Dec. 25, 1771, at Groton; m. March 15, 1790, at 
Groton, Nicholas Morgan, s. of James and Catharine (Street) 
Morgan. He d. April 28, 1845, at Groton, aged 83; she d. Nov. 
21, 1860, at Groton. 











334 The Groton Avery Clan 

Children of Nicholas and Phebe (Avery) Morgan, b. at 

Groton : 

i. Nicholas', b. Nov. 19, 1790; d. Oct. 19, 1793. 

ii. Phebe', b. Sept. 23, 1792; m. Henry Harding; d. Oct. 11, 

1865, at Groton. 
iii. Sally', b. March 1, 1794; d. Feb. 27, 1796. 
iv. Guerdon', b. Sept. 6, 1796; m. Sarah Ann Disbrow. 
V. Sanford', b. Nov. 11, 1798; m. Lavinia Avery (No. 1764); 

2d,Harriet Edgcombe; 3d, Cornelia Avery (No. 1825; he 

d. Aug. 17, 1888, at Groton. 
vi. Calvin', b. April 11, 1801; m. Julia M. Disbrow; d. Sept. 

21, 1887, at Groton. 
vii. Nicholas', b. May 12, 1803; m. Mary Mahon; 2d, Pedy 

Thompson Bushnell. 
viii. Lydia', b. Feb. 10, 1805; m. Horatio Nelson Fish; d. Jan. 

30, 1891. 
ix. Jerusha', b. July 6, 1807; m. Daniel B. Meech. 
X. John Avery', b. March 15, 1809; m. Almira Brown; 2d, 

Susan Amelia Pendleton; d. Jan. 6, 1883, at Pawkatuck. 
xi. Nancy Ann', b. Sept. 26, 1811; m. Ebenezer A. Mitchell; 

d. April 28, 1888, at Groton. 
xii. Youngs', b. Feb. 5, 1814; m. Abby M. Clark; 2d, her sister, 

Elizabeth Ann Clark; d. July 26, 1885, at Groton. 

519. John" Avery {George^, John*, Jolin^, James-, Christo- 
pher^) was b. Oct. 22, 1774, at Groton ; m. Feb. 26, 1797, at New 
London, Lucy Rogers, dau. of Peter and Hannah (Rogers) 
Rogers. She was b. Aug. 1, 1776, at Montville. John Avery 
died in New York City of cholera, August 7, 1832. The names 
of the children are compiled from the manuscript of David 
Avery, which gives the names of the first four children with no 
dates, the history of Montville, and letters of Robert J. Avery of 
San Francisco, the son of George. Robert J. Avery says that the 
family Bible is in the possession of Mrs. Lucy Jones of Noank. 
A letter addressed to her was returned to us. 

Children of John and Lucy (Rogers) Avery: 









Peter Rogers', 




















The Sixth Generation 335 

520. Cyrus'' Avery (George", John*, John'-, James-, Chris- 
topher') was b. March 23, 1778, at Groton; m. Nancy Forsyth, 
daii. of Charles Forsyth of Preston. He was a shoemaker. He 
died Oct., 1856, at Hudson, Mich. 

Children of Cyrus and Nancy (Forsyth) Avery: 
IMary Emeline', b. July 26, 1806, at Norwich. 
Charles Forsyth', b. Dec. 12, 1807, at Groton. 
Hannah Chapman'. 

Fanny Fitch', b. Jan. 22, 1812, at Preston. 
George Williams', b. June 22, 1815, at Bozrah. 
vi. David', b. 1817; died young. 

521. Sarah'' Avery (George^ John*, John^, James-, Chris- 
topher^) was b. Nov. 14, 1781, at Groton; m. Edward Denison 
Noyes, s, of James and Eunice (Denison) Noyes. He was b. 
Sept. 2, 1773, at Stonington. She died Aug. 6, 1856. 

Children of Edward Denison and Sarah (Avery) Noyes: 
i. James', m. Eliza Denison; d. Oct. 27, 1843. 
ii. Edward', d. unm. 

iii. Eunice', b. Aug. 16, 1806, at Stonington; ni. Paul Noyes; 
d. April 23, 1881, at Stonington. 

522. Elisha'^ Avery {Nathaniel^, Nathaniel*, John-, James'-, 

Christopher^) m. Mercy . He d. before 1818. Ehsha 

Avery served in Col. Parson's regiment, sixth company, 1775 
{Conn. Men in the Rev'n, 72) . His widow was living in 1819, at 
Lyons, in Ontario County, N. Y., aged 79, and testified that her 
husband was in the Revolutionary war with his brother, Nathan 
Avery, but died before he was able to secure a pension. In the 
settlement of the estate of Elisha Avery, Isaac Owens and John 
Chambers appear as claimants {Surrogate's office, Canandaigiia, 
N. Y., 139:430). 

Children of Elisha and Mercy Avery : 

1289. i. Nathaniel'. 

1290. ii. Elisha'. 

524. Nathan'^ Avery {NathayiieP, Nathaniel*, John-, James-, 
Christopher^) was b. about 1754; m. April 9, 1776, at Lyme, 
Alifif Pearson. He served in the Revolutionary war under Capt. 
Daniel F. Sill, Col. Parson's regiment; also in same regi- 
ment under Capt. James Chapman; was in the siege of Boston; 

336 The Groton Avery Clan 





















battles around New York ; battle of White Plains ; saw his cap- 
tain killed ; applied for a pension, April, 1818, that was granted 
(Pensio7i Papers & Conn. Men in the Rev'n, p. 641). He moved 
to Bridgewater, Vt., after the war and later to Palmyra, 
N. Y., where he d. May 3, 1821. His widow went to Bridgewater, 
Vt., where she applied for a pension, July, 1837, aged 81 
years (Widows' Pension File, 17223), 

Children of Nathan and Aliff (Pearson) Avery: 

Pearson Peck', b. April 23, 1779, at Lyme, Conn. 

Abijah Pearson". 

Hepsibah'; m. Nathan Dimock. 

Betsey', b. Jan. 18, 1786. 



Polly'; m. Caleb Snow. 

Aliff'; m. John Hall. 


Benjamin Perkins', b. Jan. 26, 1799, at Rutland, Vt. 

526. Margery*^ Avery {NathanieV', Nathaniel^ John^^ 
James-, Christopher'^) was b. Jan. 11, 1757, at Lyme; m. Oct. 20, 
1779, at Lyme, Abner Shipman. 

Children of Abner and Margery (Avery) Shipman, b. at 


i. William', b. May 19, 1780. 

ii. Christopher', b. June 18, 1781. 

iii. Hallam', b. Sept. 19, 1782. 

iv. Elijah', b. April 22, 1785. 

V. Betsey', b. Sept. 20, 1786. 

vi. Elisha', b. April 6, 1788. 

vii. Abner', b. March 20, 1790. 

viii. Nathaniel', b. March 21, 1791 

ix. Josiah', b. April 7, 1793. 

X. Roswell', b. Oct. 20, 1794. 

xi. Sanford', b. Dec. 22, 1796. 

xii. Parthena', b. Sept. 6, 1798. 

xiii. Charles', b. June 6, 1802. 

528. William'"' Avery {William^, NoAhaniel\ John'\ James", 
Christopher'^) ; m. May 8, 1770, at Sharon, Lucy Everett, 
dau. of Ebenezer and Lucy (Moulton) Everett. She was b. May 
1, 1750, at Sharon. William Avery enlisted from Sharon in 
Capt. Edward Rogers's company, Col. Gray's regiment, Wads- 





















The Sixth Generation 337 

worth's brigade as sergeant ; was in battle of Long Island and 
battle of White Plains {Coyui. Men in the Rev'n, 396). He was 
a hatter and later moved to Duanesburg, N. Y., where he died. 
Children of William and Lucy (Everett) Avery: 

Anna', b. July 21, 1771, at Sharon. 


Eliphalet', b. June 25, 1775, at Sharon. 



Lucy'; m. Jonathan Hatch, April 3, 1794. 


Amy', b. Feb. 6, 1786. 


Amos', b. Oct. 15, 1790, near Duanesburg, N. Y. 

530. Silvanus'" Avery (William^', Nathaniel', John^, James-, 

Christopher'') ; m. June 6, 1782, at Lyme, Mary Luther. 

He served in Col. Latimer's reg't, Jonathan Calkins's co., 1777 

(Conn. Men in the Rev'n, 505). January 15, 1781, Daniel Avery 

of Sharon deeded to his brother, Silvanus Avery, land that he 

had of their honored father, William Avery, deceased (Lyme 

Deeds, 16:300). July 6, 1790, Silvanus Avery, John Moor, jr., 

and Temperance Moor, his wife, heirs to the estate of William 

Avery late of Lyme, quitclaimed certain lands to Mary Dailey, 

of Lyme, widow of William Avery and their honored mother 

(Lyme Deeds, 16:423-5). He was appointed ensign in 14th co., 

3d reg't, Oct., 1792 (Ms. State Papers, Hartford). 

Children of Silvanus and Mary (Luther) Avery, b. at 


Benjamin', b. March 15, 1784. 
Betsey', b. April 12, 1793. 
Olive', b. June 3, 1796. 
Silvanus', b. Oct. 2, 1799. 
Nancy', b. Aug. 31, 1801. 
Lucy', b. March 4, 1805. 

The above record of births, taken from the Lyme book, is all 
that we have been able to learn concerning these children. 

532. Temperance " Avery (William'', Nathaniel^, John^, 
James-, Christopher^) ; m. April 2, 1772, at Lyme, John Moor, 
s. of John Moor. She signed various deeds with her brothers as 













338 The Groton Avery Clan 

one of the heirs of William Avery, her father {Lyme Deeds, 

16 : 423-5) . Nothing further has been found except the record of 

the births of the children. 

Children of John and Temperance (Avery) Moor, b. at 


i. Mart, b. May 17, 1773. 

ii. Elisha', b. May 21, 1775. 

iii. Avery', b. Feb. 4, 1777. 

iv. Richards b. Oct. 20, 1778. 

V. Russell', b. Jan. 9, 1781. 

vi. Lucr, b. Oct. 6, 1783. 

vii. Eunice', b. Sept. 27, 1786. 

viii. Abigail', b. May 29, 1788. 

ix. John', b. Oct. 10, 1790. 

X. Abel', b. Aug. 12, 1796. 

xi. William', b. April 1, 1801. 

543. Amos'^ Avery {Andrew^, Nathaniel, John-, James-, 
Christopher^) ; married Arthena Rowland; she d. in 1805; he 
m. 2d, June, 1811, at Topsham, Vt., Betsey Farnum, widow 
of John Tucker. He was in the Revolutionary war and carried 
the powder-horn that his father had carried in the old French 
wars. He d. Dec. 25, 1825, at Corinth, Vt. His widow 
applied for a pension in 1860. The little that we know about the 
family is obtained from her pension paper. 

Children of Amos and Arthena (Rowland) Avery: 
i. Ezra', died single. 

1340. ii. Rebecca'; m. William Cunningham; no children. 

1341. iii. Josiah', b. April 10, 1800. 

Children of Amos and Betsey (Farnum) Avery: 

1342. i. Clarissa', b. 1812. 

1343. ii. Arthena'; married; went to Maine; no children. 

1344. iii. Eliza'; m. Annis and had one child. Parley; m. 2d, 

Cotton Foote. 

544. Nathaniel" Avery {Andrew^, Nathaniel*, John^-, James-, 
Christopher'') was b. May, 1764, at Lyme; m. Jerusha Hare. 

He was a pensioner. He lived in Lebanon Goshen at time 
of enlistment ; served five months, 1779 ; six months in militia, 
1780 ; teamster under Reuben Porter, 1781 ; moved to Bozrah 
after the war ; then to Hebron ; then to Corinth. Vt. ; and then 

The Sixth Generation 339 

to Topsham, where he applied for pension, Dec. 13, 1833, aged 
"69 years last May" (Pension Papers, Inv. 18693). His wife 
died July 3, 1839. 

Children of Nathaniel and Jerusha (Hare) Avery: 
i. Polly', b. Jan. 13, 1788; d. March 18, 1796. 
ii. Simeon', b. Aug. 9, 1791; d. July 29, 1806. 
iii. Abigail', b. Feb. 4, 1795; d. Feb. 15, 1795. 
iv. Celinda', b. July 2, 1797; d. May 15, 1800. 
1345. V. Nathaniel', b. Oct. 4, 1804. 

545. Abigail" Avery iAndreiv% Nathaniel^ John\ James-, 
Christopher') ; m. Robert McCrillis. 

Child of Robert and Abigail (Avery) McCrillis: 
i. Robert', b. Sept. 24, 1806; m. Sally Ford. 

546. Andrew*' Avery {Andreiu% Nathaniel^, John\ James-, 
Christopher'') ; m. Eunice Rowland. 

Children of Andrew and Eunice (Rowland) Avery: 

Andrew', b. Feb. 28, 1795, at Corinth, Vt. 
Richard Rowland', b. at Corinth. 
John'. He m. Ruth Davis; no further record. 
Eunice'; died young. 

Nancy'. She is said to have m. Enos Feltch, the widower of 
her sister, Belinda. 

547. Christopher" Avery (Andreiv^, Nathaniel*, John^, 
James-, Christopher') was b. Oct. 15, 1773; m. Dec. 15, 1794, at 
Meriden, Sally Jones. She was b. Jan. 20, 1776. They lived at 
Corinth, Vt., where she d. July 15, 1819. He was a soldier in the 
war of 1812 (Vermont Gazetteer, 3: 883). He m. 2d, April 
4, 1820, at Corinth, Sophia Lund, dau. of Noah and Betsey 
(Hale) Lund. She was b. Aug. 15, 1790 ; d. Nov., 1872. 

Children of Christopher and Sally (Jones) Avery, b. at 
Corinth : 

1356. i. Oliver', b. Sept. 17, 1795; m. Sally G. Lund; no children. 

1357. ii. Alvah', b. June 30, 1798. 

1358. iii. Laura', b. Aug. 24, 1800. 




















340 The Groton Avery Clan 

1359. iv. Nathaniel', b. Jan. 13, 1803. 

3 360. V. Christopher', b. April 29, 1805. 

vi. Sally', b. June 24, 1807; d. July 2, 1824; unm. 

1361. vii. Elias Jones', b. July 20, 1809. 

1362. viii. Smith Putnam', b. Nov. 27, 1811. 

1363. ix. Simeon', b. May 15, 1814. 

1364. X. Philander', b. Jan. 20, 1817. 

1365. xi. Harriet', b. Jan. 10, 1819. 

Children of Christopher and Sophia (Lund) Avery, b. at 

Corinth : 

i. Caroline', b. Jan. 10, 1821; d. April 1, 1827. 

1366. ii. Noah Lund', b. Nov. 7, 1822. 

1367. iii. Newell T.', b. Sept. 14, 1824. 

1368. iv. Leonard', b. May 9, 1826. 
V. Osgood', b. Dec, 1827; died young. t 

1369. vi. Melvi^ell Malcolm', b. Aug. 1, 1829. 

1370. vii. Caroline R.', b. July 30, 1832. 
viii. Joel', b. 1834; died young. 

548. Moses*^ Avery (Amos-', Nathaniel*, John'% James-y. 
Christopher^) ; m. Betsey Munsell, dau. of John and Lydia Mun- 
sell, of Lyme. In settling the estate of John Munsell, late of 
Lyme, Feb. 25, 1821, among the heirs were wife, Lydia, and 
daughter, Betsey, wife of Moses Avery (Neiv London Wills) . He. 
was a shoemaker ; moved to New York state. 

Children of Moses and Betsey (Munsell) Avery: 






John', b. March 4, 1798, at Lyme. 













1377. vii. Horace'. 

550. Amos® Avery (Amos^, Nathaniel^, John-, James-y 
Christopher') was b. Feb. 18, 1781, at Lyme; m. Feb. 16, 1806, 
at Lempster, N. H., Rebecca Lewis. She was b. Feb. 7, 1787, at 
Lempster. He d. July 6, 1860, at Waupun, Wis. ; she d. Sept. 
16, 1865, at same place. 

Children of Amos and Rebecca (Lewis) Avery: 

i. Dudley', b. May 28, 1807 ; d. Jan., 1809, at Lempster. 
1387. ii. Guerdon', b. May 28, 1809, at Lempster; married; no chil- 
dren; d. Jan. 24, 1887, at Waupun, Wis. 


















The Sixth Generation 341 

John', b. Oct. 22, 1811, at Lyme. 

Julian', b. Feb. 27, 1814, at Goshen, N. H. 

Mary", b. Feb. 25, 1816; d. June 29, 1832, at Bennington, 
N. Y. ; unm. 

Abigail', b. July 23, 1818, at Bloomfield, N. Y. 

Phebe', b. Jan. 12, 1720; d. Nov. 8, 1720, at Lester, N. Y. 
viii. Oliver', b. March 30, 1822 ; d. Jan., 1826, at Lester. 

Rebecca', b. March 17, 1824, at Lester. 

Olive', b. Feb. 8, 1827, at Lester. 

Amos', b. July 8, 1829, at Bennington; married; no children, 
xii. Elvered', b. April 10, 1831, at Bennington. 

551. Amy" Avery (Amos^ Nathaniel*, John''., Chris- 
topher') was b. March 3, 1766, at Bozrahville; m. March 25, 
1784, at Bozrahville, Nathan Woodworth, s. of Elijah Wood- 
worth. He was b. Aug. 29, 1759, at Goshen. She m. 2d, the 
Rev, William Fiske, We have doubts as to whether this Amy 
Avery is the daughter of Amos and Phebe Avery ; it is only sug- 
gested in Sweet's The Avenjs of Groton. They moved to 
Wells, Vt. 

Children of Nathan and Amy (Avery) Woodworth: 

i. Walter', b. March 15, 1785; m. Mary Sage; d. Sept. 9, 1822. 

ii. Elijah', d. 1835. 

iii. Nathan', a captain in the war of 1812. 

iv. Deborah'; m. Miles Bunnell. 

v. Philo'; m. Lucy Gaston Hall. 

vi. Eliza'. 

560. Samuel" Avery {Richardson'^, William*, John"^, James-, 
Christopher*) was b. Feb. 11, 1741, at Stonington ; m. Dec. 11, 
1762, at Preston, Mary Barnes, dau. of Matthew and Sarah 
Barnes, of Groton. David Avery (No. 511) says that Samuel 
Avery m. 2d, Mary Avery (No. 268), dau. of John and Mary 
(Dennis) Avery. She was b. June 21, 1753, and was the widow 
of Jonas Avery (No. 326). Samuel" Avery d. Nov. 26, 1812, at 
Preston. Mary, widow of Samuel Avery, d. Sept. 9, 1814, aged 
60 years. In her will, Feb. 7, 1814, she mentioned her grand- 
children, Zipporah Herrick, William Avery, and Mary Avery, 
who were also the grandchildren of Jonas Avery (No. 327) . She 
also mentioned her son, David, her daughter-in-law, Hannah 
Avery, and their daughter, Polly. This David' Avery was the son 
of Samuel Avery and her step-son (Norivich Wills, 12:250). 

342 The Groton Avery Clan 

Children of Samuel and Mary (Barnes) Avery, b. at Pres- 
ton : 

1400. i. Prudence', b. Oct. 23, 1763. 

1401. ii. Davids b. Nov. 5, 1764. 

The record of David Avery (No. 511) adds the following 
names : 

1402. iii. Mary'. 

1403. iv. Eunice". 

561. Richardson'^ Avery {Richardson^, William*, John^, 
James-, Christopher'^) was b. Oct. 6, 1742, at Stonington; m. 
Jan. 1, 1766, at Hopkinton, R. I., Eunice Maxson, dau. of John 
and Sarah (Burdick) Maxson. She was b. Feb. 23, 1747, at 
Hopkinton. His name appears on the rate bills of Wilkesbarre, 
Penn., 1776, 1777. He, with his father, was at the Wyoming 
massacre, and took the long march back to Connecticut. His 
name appears on a petition to the Connecticut general court, 
asking for aid to build a fort at Wilkesbarre, April 25, 1780 
(Western Lands, 1 :118) . He was living at Preston, 1790. 

Children of Richardson and Eunice (Maxson) Avery: 





Joel', died young. 








William', died young. 



Richardson', b. Dec. 25, 1778. 



Frederick', b. March 18, 1781. 






Lydia', died young. 


Amos', probably died Aug. 9, 1790, at Preston, aged 2 yrs 

562. Anna'' Avery (Richardson^, William"^, John^, James-, 
Christopher'^) was b. Dec. 18, 1744, at Stonington; m. March 22, 
1764, at Norwich, Obadiah Gore, s. of Obadiah and Hannah 
(Park) Gore. He was b. April 7, 1744, at NorM^ch. He moved 
to the Wyoming valley, then called Westmoreland, about 1769. 
He was conspicuous in the conflict between Connecticut and 
Pennsylvania. He represented Westmoreland in the legislature 
at Hartford ; raised a company, Aug., 1776 ; was commissioned 
lieutenant by congress, Jan. 1, 1777; served until Jan., 1781; 
was at the Wyoming massacre. Three of his brothers, Ralph, 

The Sixth Generation 343 

Silas, and George Gore, and two of his brothers-in-law, John 
Murphey, and Timothy Pierce, were slain in the massacre. As 
a member of Gen. Sullivan's staff, he accompanied Sullivan's 
expedition against the Indians of central New York in 1779, and 
kept a journal of events. In 1783, he moved to the Sheshequin 
valley on the Susquehanna river. He served as associate judge 
for Luzerne County for many years. He d. March 22, 1821 ; she 
d. April 24, 1829, both at Sheshequin. A stately monument 
erected by descendants marks their resting place. 
Children of Obadiah and Anna (Avery) Gore: 

i. Avery', b. Jan. 10, 1765; m. his cousin, Lucy Gore. 

11. Wealthy', b. Aug. 10, 1767; m. Col. John Spaulding. 

lil. Hannah', b. Sept. 8, 1769; m. Elisha Durkee. 

iv. Anna', b. Feb. 8, 1772; m. John Shepard; d. Sept. 7, 1805. 

V. Sally', b. Sept. 22, 1774; m. David or Isaac Cash. 

563. Sarah" Avery {Richardson^, Williamr^, John^, James-, 
Christopher'') was b. Aug. 19, 1747, at Stonington ; m. Jabez 
Fish, s. of Capt. Thomas and Jemima (Morgan) Fish {David 
Avery ms.) . He was b. July 10, 1747, at Groton. An old tomb- 
stone excavated at Wilkesbarre reads "In memory of Sarah, wife 
of Jabez Fish, who died in December, 1796, in her 49th year." 
He d. April 16, 1814, at Wilkesbarre, Penn. 

Children of Jabez and Sarah (Avery) Fish: 

1. Thomas'. 

ii. Jemima'; m. Zebulon Butler, s. of Col. Zebulon Butler, 
iii. Anna'; m. Josiah Wright. 

iv. Sarah', b. April 10, 1778, at Wilkesbarre; m. Robert Lewis; 
d. March 22, 1760, at Wilkesbarre. 

565. Catharine'' Avery {Richardson'', WiUiam\ John^, 
James . Christopher') was b. Feb. 12, 1754, at Stonington; m. 
David Brown, s. of Comfort and Temperance Brown of Groton 
(David Avery ms.). 

566. Elizabeth'^ Avery {Richardson'', William*, John^, James-, 
Christopher') was b. July 31, 1756, at Stonington; m. Asa Gore, 
s. of Obadiah and Hannah (Park) Gore {David Avery ms.) . He 
was b. Feb. 28, 1750, at Norwich. He was killed in the Wyoming 
massacre. She was alive in 1784. 

344 The Groton Avery Clan 

Child of Asa and Elizabeth (Avery) Gore: 

i. Asa Avery', b. July 2, 1778; m. Ruth Yarrington; was 
brought up by Amos Avery (No. 322), who left him most 
of his estate; d. Dec. 2, 1859. 

569. Mary*^ Avery (William^ William\ Joh'nr, James-, 
Christ opher^) was b. May 25, 1753, at Stonington ; m. Nov. 14, 
1771, at Stonington, Jonathan Bowers. She m. 2d, Feb. 16, 1783, 
at Stonington, Moses Fish, s. of Capt. Thomas and Jemima 
(Morgan) Fish. He was b. Nov. 9, 1759, at Stonington. He was 
a farmer. She d. Sept. 15, 1836; he d. Oct. 6, 1836, both at 
Rome, N. Y. 

Children of Moses and Mary (Avery) Fish: 

i. Jemima', b. Dec. 22, 1783, at Barnardstown, Mass.; m. 

Thomas Henton; d. Feb. 14, 1832, at Quincy, 111. 
ii. Moses', b. July 11, 1785; m. Deborah Gates; d. at St. 

Joseph, Mo. 
iii. Jesse', b. Aug. 11, 1786, at Groton; m. Mercy Taft; d. July 

9, 1861, at Williamstown, N. Y. 
iv. William Avery', b. Oct. 20, 1788; m. Lydia T. Allen. 
V. Joseph', b. Oct. 20, 1789; m. Lucinda Smith; d. Sept. 18, 

1866, at Spring-field, 111. 
vi. Clarissa', b. July 17, 1791; m. Daniel Walsworth; d. at 

Otsego, Wis. 
vii. Mary', b. May 28, 1796; m. Daniel Morris; d. Feb. 1, 1845, 

at Hyde Park, N. Y. 
viii. Hannah', b. Oct. 18, 1799, at Fort Stanwix, N. Y.; m. 

Richard Peggs; 2d, William Hawley; d. May 23, 1881, 

at Flint, Mich. 

570. Abigail" Avery {William^, William^, Johtr, James-, 
Christopher^) was b. Aug. 17, 1755, at Stonington; m. April 26, 
1781, at Guilford, Vt., Joseph Bullock, s. of Joseph Bullock. He 
was b. April 8, 1755, at Guilford. He d. July 20, 1828, at Ellis- 
burgh, N. Y.; she d. March 17, 1838, at Rome, N. Y. 

Children of Joseph and Abigail (Avery) Bullock: 

i. Richard', b. Feb. 8, 1782, at Guilford; d. Sept. 19, 1838, at 
Akron, Ohio. 

ii. Abigail', b. Oct. 14, 1784, at Guilford; d. Dec. 23, 1785. 

iii. Joseph', b. Sept. 21, 1786, at Guilford; m. Nancy Ferguson; 
d. May 14, 1861, at Ellisburgh. 

iv. William Avery', b. Sept. 27, 1792, at Guilford; was gradu- 
ated at Williams College; m. Lois Sanford; d. May 
24, 1867, at Vernon, Ind. 

The Sixth Generation 345 

V. Mahala', b. April 3, 1795; m. Noah M. Green; d. at Marion, 

vi. Lactania', b. May 26, 1797; m. Cooley Newcomb. 
vii. Ann', b. Oct. 26, 1799; m. Seth B. Roberts; d. April, 1874. 

573. John'' Avery (John^, William\ John-'-, James-, Christo- 
pher^) was b. July 2, 1762, at Stonington ; m. Elizabeth Tracy, 
dan. of Jabez and Zipporah (Hibbard) Tracy. She was b. June 
8, 1768, at Norwich. She d. June 16, 1799, at Sturbridge, Mass. 
He m. 2d, Sept. 29, 1803, at Simsbury, Roxalena Humphrey, dau. 
of Capt. William Humphrey. She was b. Oct. 4, 1777, at Sims- 
bury. It is said that he was a soldier in the Revolutionary war. 
He was a goldsmith ; moved to Bridgewater, N. Y., about 1796. 
He d., 1834, at Winfield, N. Y. ; she d. Aug. 23, 1855, at Cassville, 
N. Y. 

Children of John and Elizabeth (Tracy) Avery: 
Zipporah', b. Nov. 2, 1787, at Plainfield. 
John Franklin', b. Feb. 26, 1790, at Plainfield. 
Anna', b. May 7, 1792, at Plainfield. 
Gilbert M.', b. March 10, 1794, at Plainfield. 
Jabez Tracy', b. Aug. 11, 1797, at Bridgewater, N. Y. 

Children of John and Roxalena (Humphrey) Avery, b. at 
■, N. Y. : 

Robert Bruce', b. Sept. 15, 1804; d. Dec. 23, 1810. 
Silas Dort', b. Dec. 4, 1805. 
Charles', b. May 8, 1807. 
Otis', b. Aug. 19, 1808. 
Elizabeth Tracy', b. Jan. 5, 1810. 
James Bruce', b. March 30, 1812. 
Thomas Henry', b. Oct. 23, 1814. 
Eliza Ann Frances', b. Nov. 4, 1815. ^ 

Zelotus William', b. April 2, 1819. 
Lucius', b. Dec. 25, 1821. 

574. Robert'^ Avery {John:', William*, John^, James-, Chris- 
tovher^) was b. March 5, 1765, at Stonington; m., at Colerain, 
Mass., Lydia White, dau. of Silas and Margaret (Cauthern) 
White. She was b. Jan. 27, 1763. He d. Oct. 18, 1810; she d. 
March 24, 1849. 

Children of Robert and Lydia (White) Avery: 

1433. i. Daniel Clark', b. Oct. 26, 1791. 

1434. ii. John W.', b. April 15, 1793. 

































346 The Groton Avery Clan 

1435. iii. Orin Smith', b. Sept. 11, 1794. 

1436. iv. Robert B.', b. Feb. 20, 1796, at Shelburne, Mass. 
V. Lydia', b. Nov. 13, 1797; d. Sept. 3, 1862; unm. 

1437. vi. Margaret', b. March 23, 1799. 

1438. vii. Amelia', b. July 16, 1802, at Morrisville, N. Y. 
viii. Nancy', b. July 15, 1804; d. April 17, 1805. 

1439. ix. Arvilla', b. Nov. 24, 1808. 

575. Danier' Avery (John% William\ John^, James-, Chris- 
topher^) was b. April 23, 1767, at Stonington; m. June 
17, 1795, at Bridgewater, N. Y., Rosanna Rhodes, dau. of John 
and Rosanna (Budlong) Rhodes. She was b. March 17, 1776, at 
Warwick, R. I. He was a physician. He d. Nov. 2, 1848 ; she d. 
July 31, 1863, both at Sweden, N. Y. 

Children of Daniel and Rosanna (Rhodes) Avery, b. at 
Bridgewater, N. Y. (except the oldest and youngest) : 

1440. i. Daniel J.', b. Dec. 23, 1796, at Sangerfield, N. Y. 

1441. ii. Gaylord', b. Feb. 3, 1799; d. March 11, 1868, at Pompeii,. 

Mich.; probably unm. 

1442. iii. Rosanna', b. Dec. 3, 1800. 

1443. iv. Roxalena', b. March 24, 1803; d. Dec, 1875, at West Gaines, 

N. Y.; probably unm. 
V. Eliza', b. March 30, 1805; d. March 15, 1813. 

1444. vi. Lora', b. March 13, 1807; d. June 23, 1870, at Albion; 

probably unm. 

1445. vii. Lucy Maria', b. Feb. 25, 1809; d. June 23, 1870, at West 

Gaines; probably unm. 

1446. viii. Samuel Miner', b. Aug. 3, 1812; d. Nov. 8, 1845, probably 


1447. ix. John Rhodes', b. Aug. 8, 1817, at Sweden, N. Y. 

576. Betsey*' Avery {Johti:', William*, John^, James-, Chris- 
topher^) was b. Oct. 31, 1769, at Stonington ; m. Blodget,. 

They lived at Bath, N. Y. They are said to have had a son, 

577. Borodel" Avery {Amos^% WiUiam\ John\ James-, 
Christopher'') was bap. Aug. 1, 1762, First Church of Stoning- 
ton; m. Oct. 3, 1784, at Stonington, Thomas Franklin. He d.. 
before 1806. 

Child of Thomas and Borodel (Avery) Franklin: 

i. Amos Avery', bap. Jan. 22, 1806, First Church of Stonington,. 










The Sixth Generation 347 

582. James*' Avery {Natha^iieV', William*, John^, James-, 
Christopher^) was b. July 6, 1784, at Leyden, Mass.; m. June 
22, 1808, at Leyden, Mercy Baker, dau. of Junia Baker. She 
was b. March 5, 1787. They moved to Spafford, N. Y,, about 
1810. He d. Feb. 26, 1863; she d. Sept. 15, 1869. 

Children of James and Mercy (Baker) Avery, b. at Spaf- 
ford, N. Y. (except the oldest) : 

1460. i. James Christopher', b. April 1, 1809, at Leyden, Mass. 
Daniel Dake', b. Sept. 17, 1811. 
Allen Arvin', b. Oct. 12, 1812. 
Lauren', b. June 12, 1816. 
Warren', b. June 12, 1816. 

William Nathaniel', b. Aug. 26, 1726; d. April 11, 1837, at 

583. Desire "^ Avery (Nathaniel^, William*, Johyr, James'-, 
Christopher') was b. March 5, 1788, at Leyden, Mass.; m. 
Ephraim Gates, of Leyden, Mass. He was a farmer. She d. Jan., 
1831, at Leyden. 

Children of Ephraim and Desire (Avery) Gates, b. at Ley- 
den, Mass. : 

i. ANNA^ 

ii. Avery'. 

iii. Peter'. 

iv. John'. 

V. Joseph', died unmarried. 

584. Daniel*^ Avery (Nathaniel^ William*, Johtv"-, James-, 
Christopher') was b. Nov. 16, 1790, at Leyden, Mass.; m. July 
18, 1830, at Springfield, Mass., Abigail Simonton. She was b. 

Nov. 6, 1802, at Thomaston, Me. He was a Methodist minister. 
He d. Oct. 7, 1852, at Wilmington, Vt. ; she d. June 6, 1867, at 
Northampton, N. Y. 

Children of Daniel and Abigail (Simonton) Avery: 

1465. i. William Nathaniel', b. July 24, 1831, at Columbia, N. Y. 
ii. Abigail Maria', b. May 10, 1834, at Columbia; d. Sept., 1862, 

at Freeport, 111.; unm. 
iii. Leroy Scott', b. April 12, 1837, at Wilmington, Vt.; d. 
March 12, 1839. 

1466. iv. Francis Moffit', b. June 26, 1839, at Wilmington. 

V. Harriet Newell', b. Dec. 28, 1841, at Wilmington; d. Nov. 
18, 1864, at Freeport, 111.; unm. 

348 The Groton Avery Clr.n 

585. Sarah'' Avery {NathanieV', William\ Johri\ Ja7nes-, 

Christopher^) was b. Maj^ 6, 1794, at Leyden, Mass.; m. June 14, 

1812, at Leyden, Josiah Harrington, s. of William and Sarah 

(Sherman) Harrington. He d. Nov. 10, 1869, at Smyrna, N. Y. 

Children of Josiah and Sarah (Avery) Harrington: 
i. Sidney'. 

ii. Sarah", m. Ozias Miner, 
iii. Desire'. 
iv. Mariah'. 

586. Elias Packer'' Avery {Abraham'^, William\ John'', 
James-, Christopher^) was b. Aug. 16, 1781, at Guilford, Vt. ; m. 
March 13, 1806, in Chenango County, N. Y., Sally Covill, dau. of 
David and Sarah Covill. She w^as b. Oct. 20, 1783. He was a 
farmer; lived at Avery, Jo Daviess County, 111. He d. Dec. 16, 
1846 ; she d. May 7, 1863, both at Avery. 

Children of Elias Packer and Sally (Covill) Avery: 

William', b. Aug. 15, 1807, in Chenango County, N. Y. 

David', b. July 30, 1809, in Chenango County. 

Horace', b. June 7, 1811, in Chenango County; d. May 11, 

1821, at Peoria, 111. 
Azel', b. May 17, 1813, in Chenango County. 
Sally Maria', b. March 24, 1815; d. March 20, 1819, at 

Peoria, 111. 
Julia Ann', b. Aug. 24, 1818, at St. Louis, Mo. 
Marion', b. Dec. 14, 1821; d. Oct. 2, 1822. 

1473. viii. Elias Covill', b. Sept. 20, 1823, in Tazev^rell County, 111. 
ix. Alfred', b. April 22, 1826; d. Nov. 15, 1827. 

587. Hubbard Burrows'' Avery {Abraham'', William', John'', 
James-, Christopher') was b. Dec. 29, 1784, at Colerain, Mass.; 
m. July 21, 1816, at Preston, N. Y., Mary Stanton Mason, dau. 
of James and Abigail (Beaumont) Mason. She was b. May 7, 
1788, at Lebanon. He was a farmer at Preston, N. Y. He 
d. March 8, 1848, at Preston; she d. Jan. 29, 1868, at Nor- 
wich, N. Y. 

Children of Hubbard Burrow^s and Mary Stanton (Mason) 

Avery, b. at Preston, N. Y. : 

1474. i. Cordelia', b. Oct. 7, 1817. 

1475. ii. Maria Lucilla', b. Aug. 15, 1820. 

1476. iii. Lafayette', b. May 9, 1822. 

iv. Maria Theresa', b. Dec. 29, 1825; d. Oct. 1, 1846, at Pres- 
ton ; unm. 

1477. V. Helen Mar', b. June 16, 1828. 












The Sixth Generation 


588. Amos Walker^' Avery {Abraham'', William*, John^, 
James-, Christopher^) was b. May 24, 1787, at Colerain, Mass.; 
m. July 5, 1808, at Preston, N. Y., Nancy McCutcheon, dau. of 
Hugh and Jane (Wallace) McCutcheon, of Stowe, Vt. She was 
b. May 6, 1787, at Stowe. He was a farmer. He served in 
the war of 1812 and, with his father-in-law, was at the burning 
of Buffalo. At the end of his second term of service, he pur- 
chased a farm at Avon, now Rush, N. Y. Before his log cabin 
was finished, he was again called "out on the lines," and his wife 
and little ones were left alone to pass a dangerous winter. The 
Indians prowled around the cabin, but Mrs. Avery was skilled 
in the use of a gun and 
stood ready to defend 
her children. In 1833, 
he, with most of his 
family, moved to Mich- 
igan. They went by 
canal from Rochester 
to Buffalo, thence by 
steamer, "Uncle Sam," 
to Detroit. Here they 
took the steamer, 
"Brady," for Monroe, 
and, on August 16, 
went to their farm on 
"Stony Ridge" in the 
townships of Erie and 
LaSalle, Monroe Coun- 
ty, a farm that he had 
noted when a soldier 
with General Hull. It 
was then a dense wil- 
derness. Here, he and 
his wife lived quiet, 
useful lives, respected 
by the entire community. His word was as good as his bond and 
neither was ever discounted. He d. June 1, 1863, at LaSalle. The 
local newspaper account of his death said that he had "always 
been highly esteemed for his honesty of character and kindness- 



The Groton Avery Clan 

of heart — for his upright and benevolent deahngs with his fel- 
low men." His wife d. Dec. 11, 1869, at LaSalle. 
















Children of Amos Walker and Nancy (McCutcheon) Avery: 
Casper Hugh', b. July 25, 1809, at Preston, N. Y. 
Elizabeth Jane', b. May 5, 1811, at Preston. 
Hubbard Burrows', b. Jan. 21, 1815, at Rush, N. Y. 
Eveline Nancy', b. Feb. 14, 1817, at Rush. 
Mercy Miranda', b. June 13, 1819, at Rush. 
Amos John', b. Nov. 22, 1822, at Rush. 
Minerva Pratt', b. Feb. 8, 1826, at Rush. 

590. Esther*' Avery {Ahraham^, William^ John^, James'-, 
Christopher^) ; m. Mason Johnson. 

596. Elisha'' Avery {Elisha;', Elisha*, John^, James-, Chiis- 
topher'') was b. Jan. 7, 1743, at Stonington; bap. Aug. 7, 1743, 
First Church of Stonington; m. Sarah Gallup, dau. of Capt. 
Joseph and Mary (Gardner) Gallup {David Avery ms.) . She 
was b. Nov. 10, 1752, at Groton. He d. Oct., 1776, at White 
Plains, N. Y. 

Children of Elisha and Sarah (Gallup) Avery {David Avery 

ms.) : 

1494. i. Mary'. 

1495. ii. Joseph'. 

1496. iii. Elisha'. 


The Sixth Generation 351 

597. Joseph'' Avery (Elisha^, Elisha\ John% James'-, Chris- 
topher') was b. April 13, 1747, at Stonington; m. May 31, 1772, 
at Amenia, N. Y., Deborah King, dau. of Samuel and Rebecca 
(Mead) King, of Nine Partners, N. Y. She was b. Dec. 9, 1750, 
at Nine Partners. He was a minister ; preached at Sag Harbor, 
N. Y., and later at Tyringham, Mass. ; travelled through New 
York under the auspices of the Berkshire Missionary Society; 
founded many churches, one of w^hich, at Bloomfield, N. Y., re- 
cently celebrated its hudredth anniversary ; many of his diaries 
are extant. An account of his missionary labors in New York 
State has been published by the Historical Society at Buffalo, 
N. Y. He d. March 3, 1814, at Tyringham; she d. June 20, 1830, 
at Bergen, N. Y. 

Children of Joseph and Deborah (King) Avery: 

Samuel', b. March 30, 1773, at Sag Harbor, N. Y. 
Elisha', b. July 25, 1775, at New London; d. Dec. 17, 1795, 

at Tyringham. 
Rebecca', b. April 14, 1779, at New London. 
Betsey', b. May 10, 1782, at Alford, Mass. 
Sally', b. Sept. 13, 1784, at Alford. 
Ansey', b. Oct. 16, 1788, at Alford; d. March 29, 1850, at 

Barre, N. Y. ; unm. 
Joseph Babcock', b. Sept. 14, 1791, at Tyringham. 
Polly', b. July 20, 1794, at Tyringham. 

598. Rebecca^ Avery {Elisha'', Elisha*, John^, James-, 
Christopher') was b. Sept. 20, 1752, at Stonington; m. Feb. 26, 
1781, Samuel Douglass, s. of Robert and Sarah (Edgecombe) 
Douglass. He was b. Feb. 26, 1745, at New London. He was a 
captain in the Indian trade; was captured by the British in 
1814. He d. April 20, 1821, at Waterford ; she d. at Newfield, 
N. Y. 

Children of Samuel and Rebecca (Avery) Douglass, b. at 
Waterford : 

1. Elisha Avery', b. Feb. 7, 1782; m. Margaret Dart; d. Aug. 

30, 1864, at Waterford. 
ii. Robert', b. Dec. 19, 1785; m. Elizabeth Daniels; d. April 

28, 1824. 
ill. Rebecca', b. March 25, 1795; m. Daniel C. Brown; d. Aug. 

30, 1876, at Waterford. 
iv. Abby', b. about 1798; m. Mr. Bebee. 















352 The Groton Avery Clan 

599. Samuel'^ Avery {Elisha% Eliska\ John\ James-, Chris- 
topher^) was b. March 20, 1755, at Stonington; m. April 26, 
1780, at Stonington, Lydia Calkins. She was b. March 15, 1759. 
He d. Jan. 19, 1819. The payment of a pension to Lydia, widow 
of Samuel Avery, of Lowville, N. Y., was suspended for lack of 
proof of Revolutionary service, Sept. 16, 1850. She d. Nov. 7, 

Children of Samuel and Lydia (Calkins) Avery: 

1503. 1. LydiaS b. Feb. 12, 1781; m. Dec. 23, 1798, Reuben Gillette, 
ii. Betsey', b. July 26, 1782; d. Nov. 4, 1782. 

1504. iii. John Snell', b. Dec. 12, 1784; m. Dec, 1820, Elizabeth 


1505. Iv. Mary', b. Oct. 22, 1786; m. Oct. 23, 1812, D. Borden; d. Aug. 

23, 1824. 

1506. V. Joseph', b. Oct. 19, 1788. 

vi. REBECCA^ b. Nov. 10, 1792; d. Feb. 21, 1796. 

1507. vii. Elisha', b. May 10, 1795. 

viii. Samuel", b. Aug. 12, 1799; d. June 16, 1820; unm. 

1508. ix. George', b. Aug., 1803. 

600. Thaddeus'' Avery {Joseph^ Daniel', John\ James-, 
Christopher') was b. Oct. 30, 1749, in Westchester County, N. Y. ; 
m. July 19, 1779, in Westchester County, Elizabeth Underbill, 
dau. of Isaac and Abigail (Lespenard) Underbill. She was b. 
Aug. 8, 1762. He was a farmer. His descendants say that he 
was a captain of cavalry in the Revolutionary war. He was the 
paymaster for Westchester County. His home, still standing, 
has its fire-place marked with a tablet that states that "Capt. 
Thaddeus Avery was branded with hot irons in this room, and 
his wife threatened with death by the Hessians, when they re- 
fused to divulge the hiding place of money for the Continental 
army." In his will, dated Dec. 13, 1827, and recorded Dec. 9, 
1836, he mentioned wife, Elizabeth ; children, Esther Lawrence, 
Alpheus, Mary Davis, Charles, Israel, Phebe, William Augustus, 
Abigail Lespenard Van Zandt, Caroline Scidmore, Harriet, 
Lucilla Elmira Brown, EHza Ann, and Emeline Twitching {Sur- 
rogate's Office, Westchester County, Liber F, p. 517). He d. 
Nov. 16, 1836, at Mount Pleasant, Westchester County; she d. 
May 22, 1841, at Mount Pleasant. 

The Sixth Generation 353 

Children of Thaddeus and Elizabeth (Underhill) Avery, b. 
at Mount Pleasant (the baptisms of seven of them are recorded 
in the books of the Dutch Church, at Sleepy Hollow, N. Y.) : 

1509. i. Esther'; m. Laurence. 

1510. ii. Alpheus'. 

1511. iii. Mary'; m. Davis. 

1512. iv. Charles', b. Dec. 10, 1784. 

1513. V. Israel'. 

vi. Phebe Hammond', b. Oct. 23, 1789; d. Aug. 24, 1851; unm. 

1514. vii. William Augustus', b. Oct. 17, 1792. 

1515. viii. Abigail Lespenard', b. Dec. 15, 1793; m. William Van Zandt. 

1516. ix. Caroline', b. Jan. 22, 1796. 

1517. X. Harriet'; probably m., April 28, 1829, Daniel Sutton. 

1518. xi. Lucilla Elmira', b. Nov. 15, 1800. 

1519. xii. Eliza Ann', b. March 18, 1803. 

1520. xiii. Emeline', b. July 28, 1806; m. Twiching. 

610. George Dolbeare" Avery {'William^, Christopher*, 
Samuel"\ James-, Christopher') was b. Aug. 19, 1763, at Groton; 
m. April 1, 1790, at Groton, Mary Richards, widow of Lodowic 
Champlin and dau. of Guy and Elizabeth (Harris) Richards. 
She was b. Dec. 3, 1752. She d. Jan. 28, 1799. He m. 2d, June 
26, 1800, at Newport, R. I., Mary Hurlbut, dau. of Joseph and 
Elizabeth (Christophers) Hurlbut. She was b. March 2, 1772; 
d. Nov. 18, 1803. He engaged in mercantile pursuits in New 
London, and later in Ohio and Virginia. He was appointed 
ensign of 2d co., 3d reg't. May, 1794 ; captain of same company, 
May, 1795 (Ms. State Papers, Hartford). He was an inventor 
of great skill. He d. April 16, 1860, at Oxford, N. Y., at the home 
of his niece. Miss Elizabeth Butler. 

Children of George Dolbeare and Mary (Richards) Avery: 

i. George', b. Jan. 23, 1791; midshipman in the navy; d. Nov. 

22, 1815, at New York City; unm. 
ii. William', b. Nov. 29, 1793; d. Nov. 30, 1794. 
iii. William', b. Jan. 24, 1796; d. June 8, 1796. 

611. Mary*^' Avery {William-', Christopher*, SamueP, 
James-, Christopher^) was b. Nov. 23, 1764, at Groton; m. Sept. 
11, 1792, at New London, Simeon Smith, s. of Simeon and Eunice 
(Walworth) Smith. He was b. Oct. 14, 1762. He was a major 
of militia; representative to the general court and high sheriff 

354 The Groton Avery Clan 

of New London County. She d. March 17, 1799 ; he d. Oct. 13, 
1848, both at New London. 

Children of Simeon and Mary (Avery) Smith, b. at New 
London : 

i. Mary Avery', b. Oct. 16, 1794; m. Dr. Rowland Sears; d. 

Aug. 26, 1878, at Whitesboro, N. Y. 
ii. Edwin", b. June 25, 1796; d. Feb. 12. 1798. 
iii. Eliza^ b. Nov. 1, 1798; d. Feb. 2, 1799. 

612. Hannah "^ Avery (Willianv', Christopher*, Samuel^, 
James-, Christopher'^) was b. July 20, 1772, at Groton; m. Dec. 
11, 1791, at Groton, Dr. Benjamin Butler, s, of Benjamin and 
Diadama (Hj^de) Butler, of Norwich. He was b. Jan„ 30, 1764, 
at Norwich. He was a shipping merchant and broker in New 
London, New York City, and Oxford, N. Y. She d. Aug. 5, 1829 ; 
he d. Jan. 1, 1839 ; both at Oxford. 

Children of Benjamin and Hannah (Avery) Butler: 

i. Julia Hyde', b. June 13, 1794, at New London; m. Sept. 24, 
1815, at Oxford, N. Y., Col. James Clapp, s. of Thomas 
and Hulda (Bull) Clapp. He was b. Dec. 20, 1785, at 
Hartford, Conn. She d. Nov. 17, 1832, at Oxford; he d. 
Jan. 8, 1854, at Oxford. 

ii. Mary Dolbeare', b. Jan. 8, 1797, at New London; m. Nov. 
28, 1817, at New York, Nicholas Devereux, s. of Thomas 
and Catharine (Corish) Devereux, of Enniscorthy, Ire- 
land. He was b. June 7, 1791, at Enniscorthy. He was 
a merchant at Utica, N. Y. He d. Dec. 29, 1855, at 
Utica. She d. Dec. 12, 1881, at Utica. Their oldest child, 
Hannah Avery'', m. May 23, 1843, at Utica, Francis Ker- 
nan, s. of William and Rosanna (Stubbs) Kernan. He 
was b. Jan. 14, 1816, at Wayne, N. Y. He was a lawyer; 
member of the assembly, 1860; member of congress, 
1862; member of constitutional convention, 1867; U. S. 
senator, 1875 to 1881. He d. Sept. 7, 1892, at Utica. 

iii. Benjamin', b. March 4, 1800, at New London; d. y. 

iv. Elizabeth", b. July 24, 1804, at New London; d. y. 

V. Cornelia Ann', b. March 1, 1806, at New York City; m. 
June 2, 1830, at Utica, William Constable Pierrepont, s. 
of Hezekiah Beers and Ann Maria (Constable) Pierre- 
pont. He was b. Oct. 3, 1803, at Greenwich, N. Y. They 
lived at Pierrepont Manor, Jefferson County, N. Y. She 
d. Dec. 10, 1871; he d. Dec. 20, 1885, both at Pierrepont 
Manor. Their dau., Emily Julia!", m. Dr. S. C. Wolcott 

The Sixth Generation 355 

and lives at 308 Genesee St., Utica, N. Y. Another dau., 
Arina Maria'', m. William Mansfield White; d. Sept. 22, 
1884, at Pierrepont Manor. Their son, William Pierre- 
ponf White, m. Mary Antoinette Wheeler. Addi-ess: 75 
Genesee St., Utica, N. Y. 
vi. Elizabeth Hannah', b. Feb. 19, 1813, at New York City; 
d. March, 1883, at Oxford, N. Y.; unm. 

613. SamueF Avery {William-', Christopher*, Samuel^, 
James-, Christopher^) was b. May 12, 1774, at Groton; m. June 
26, 1796, at New London, Jerusha Arnold, dau. of Dr. John 
Arnold. They had two children, Samuel and Jerusha. Samuel" 
Avery moved to Kennebec, Maine. He and his family died there 
before 1807. 

614. Sarah" Avery {William'', Christopher^, Samuel', James-, 
Christopher^) was b. Jan. 16, 1776, at Groton; m. after Nov. 29, 
1806, Ezekiel Bailey (See Will of Peter Avery, No. 263), prob- 
ably s. of Ezekiel Bailey bap. May 8, 1763, at First Church of 
Groton. She d. March 29, 1808, at Groton. 

615. Thomas" Avery {Humphrey'', Humphrey*, Samuel^, 
James-, Christopher^) was b. July 15, 1746, at Brookhaven, 

Long Island; m. Sarah . No children. His widow m. 

Nathaniel Moger before 1802. 

617. Humphrey^ Avery {Humphreif, Humphrey*, Samuel^, 
James-, Christopher^) was b. July 12, 1750, at Brookhaven, Long 
Island, N. Y. ; m., about 1787, at Swan River, Long Island, Joanna 
;Smith, dau. of Ananias and Desire (Smith) Smith. She was b. 
Oct. 17, 1762, at Swan River. He lived at Blue Point, Long 
Island, on a farm that he received from his father. He d. Oct. 
30, 1831 ; she d. Feb. 1, 1844, both at Blue Point. 

Children of Humphrey and Joanna (Smith) Avery, b. at 
Blue Point, Long Island: 

Lucinda', b. May 11, 1788. 

Joseph', b .May 8, 1790. 

Humphrey', died in infancy. 

William', b. March 1, 1796. 

Susan', b. March, 1797. 

Elizabeth', b. Jan. 27, 1799. 

Joanna', b. May 18, 1802. 
viii. Salem', b. 1805. 
















356 The Groton Avery Clan 

618. Roger" Avery (Humphrey^, Humphrey^ Samuel\ 
James^f Christopher^) was b. April 2, 1755, at Brookhaven, Long 

Island; m. Elizabeth . It is thought that her name may 

have been Whay, and that she was of Colchester, Conn. In 
Roger Avery's will, made Nov. 8, 1824, her name does not appear 
and she was probably dead. He mentioned sons, Roger, John, 
and Samuel; daus., Esther, Sebilla, and Basheba, all unmarried 
and living at home. 

Children of Roger and Elizabeth Avery, b. at Brookhaven: 



Elizabeth', b. April 27, 1787. 

Susanna', b. Nov. 23, 1789; d. Aug. 11, 1813, at Tunkhan- 
nock, Penn.; unm. 

John', b. Nov. 15, 1791. 

Basheba', b. Sept. 13, 1794; d. Aug. 11, 1864, at Brook- 
haven; unm. 

Samuel', b. Aug. 18, 1796; d. July 23, 1844, at Brookhaven; 
viii. Anstrus', b. May 16, 1798. 

Esther' ; m. Uriah Smith, the widower of her sister, Anstrus. 
No children. 
X. Sebilla', d. July 29, 1870, at Sayville^ L. I.; unm. 

619. Susanna*^ Avery (Humphrey'', Humphrey*, Samuel^, 
James-, Christopher^) was b. July 22, 1758, at Brookhaven, Long 
Island ; m. Daniel Brown, jr., and moved to Hopetown, N. Y. 

620. Cynthia*' Avery {William^, Humphrey*, SamueP^ 
James, Christopher^) was b. Dec. 12, 1750, at Preston; m. 
Josiah Arms, s. of Major John and Susanna (Willard) Arms. 
He was b. March 17, 1750, at Deerfield, Mass. He moved to 
Vermont and was a "Hampshire Man" during the trouble with 
New York. He d. at Brattleboro, Vt., May 23, 1803. She m. 2d, 
Jabez Foster. The record is largely from family tradition. 
Children of Josiah and Cynthia (Avery) Arms : 
i. Susanna', died young, 
ii. John', b. Aug. 11, 1776; m. Clarissa Stebbins; d. July 23, 

iii. Josiah', died young. 

iv. Hannah', m. Zenas Metcalf ; 2d, Daniel Arms. By her sec- 
ond husband, she had Sophia, b. July 11, 1823, who 
married John Stewart Avery (No. 1558). 
















The Sixth Generation 357 

V. Willard', b. Dec. 2, 1780; m. Susanna Arms; d. Sept. 25, 

1863, at Brattleboro, Vt. 
vi. Cynthia', m. Daniel Goodnow. 
vii. Daniel', b. Aug. 31, 1786; m. Eunice Gregory; d. Sept. 8, 

viii. Sibyl', b. March 7, 1788; m. William Goodnow; 2d, Solomon 

ix. William', b. Oct. 15, 1790; m. Polly Frost, at Dummerston, 

Vt.; d. 1876. 
X. Elisha', d. about 1813. 
xi. Angeline', m. Rufus Hosley. 
xii. Lucinda', m. Daniel Houghton. 

621. Jerusha- Avery (William^, Humphrey*, Samuel^, 
James-, Christopher^) ; m. May 21, 1772, at Preston, John Plum- 
mer, jr., probably the son of John and Deborah (Killam) Plum- 
mer, of Preston. They moved to Brattleboro, Vt. He d. Dec. 14, 
1826, aged 76 years; she d. May 17, 1842, both at Brattleboro. 
Children of John and Jerusha (Avery) Plummer: 
i. Avery', b. April 14, 1773, at Preston. 

ii. John', m, Eleanor ; 2d, Mary ; d. Sept. 21, 

iii. William', m. Eunice Stearns, 
iv. Isaac, m. Susanna Harris; d. Feb. 15, 1839, at Brattleboro. 

V. Jerusha', m. Salisbury. 

vi. Relief', m. William Rued. 

vii. David', m. Mary Howard; 2d, Hannah Carter; d. Sept. 27, 

viii. Elizabeth', b. March 3, 1791, at Brattleboro; m. Elijah 
Prouty; d. Jan. 24, 1851, at Brattleboro. 

623. Elisha*' Avery {William^, Humphrey*, Samuel^, James^, 
Christopher^) was b. July 1, 1761, at Preston; m. about 1790, 
Mrs. Sibyl (Avery) Stiles, dau. of Samuel and Sibyl (Noyes) 
Avery (No. 634, q. v.), and widow of Ezra Stiles. He was a 
farmer near Brattleboro, Vt., and later a merchant at Boston, 
Mass. His son, John Humphrey Avery, is authority for this 
record. Sibyl Avery d. June 8, 1830 ; he d. June, 1835, both at 

Children of Elisha and Sibyl (Avery) Avery: 

1550. i. Samuel', b. about 1791, near Brattleboro, Vt. 
ii. Sibyl', b. about 1793, near Brattleboro; d. y. 
iii. Elisha', b. about 1795, near Brattleboro; d. y. 

358 The Groton Avery Clan 

1551. iv. Cynthia', b. about 1796, near Brattleboro. 

1552. V. Mary', b. Aug. 6, 1798, near Brattleboro. 
vi. Frances', b. about 1802. 

1553. vii. Sophia', b. April 17, 1804, at Boston, Mass. 

1554. viii. John Humphrey', b. July 22, 1809, at Boston. 

1555. ix. Amanda', b. 1811, at Boston. 

624. William^ Avery {William'^ Humphrey*, Samuel^, 
James-, Christopher^) was b. Oct. 8, 1770, at Brattleboro, Vt. ; 
m. Nov. 18, 1798, at Brattleboro, Martha Stewart. She was b. 
August 15, 1774, at Brattleboro. About 1800, they moved to 
Stukeley, Canada. He was a farmer. He d. March 19, 1835; 
she d. June 12, 1850 ; both at Abbotsford, Province of Quebec. 

Children of Willliam and Martha (Stewart) Avery: 

1556. i. Charles', b. June 26, 1802, at Stukeley, Province of Quebec. 

1557. ii. Lucinda', b. March 26, 1804, at Stukeley. 

1558. iii. John Stewart', b. Oct. 14, 1806, at Stukeley. 

1559. iv. Mary Ann', b, March 6, 1816, at Abbotsford. 

625. Zipporah*^ Avery {Solomon"^, Humphrey*, Samuel^, 
James-, Christopher^) was b. Feb. 8, 1752, at Preston; m. Daniel 
Chapman, of Groton. They moved to Great Barrington, Mass. 

626. Esther'' Avery (Solomon^, Humphrey*, Samuel^, James-, 
Christopher'^) was b. Nov. 29, 1754, at New Haven; m. Ezra 
Chapman, of Groton. They moved to Great Barrington, Mass. 

627. Solomon*^ Avery {Solomo7i^, Humphrey*, Samuel^, 
James-, Christopher'^) was b. Aug. 13, 1757, at Norwich; m. 
Jan. 13, 1784, at New York City, Sally Buckbee, dau. of John and 
Mary (Hyatt) Buckbee. She was b. April 1, 1766, at West- 
chester, N. Y. ; d. May 12, 1828, at Putnam Valley, N. Y. He m. 
2d, Mrs. Elizabeth Purdy. He served as private in Capt. Spicer's 
CO., Col. Parson's reg't ; also in Capt. Gallup's militia ; later in 
Capt. Thomas Wheeler's reg't, Col. Chapman's reg't {Co7in. Men 
in the Rev'n 78) . He was a farmer of wealth and influence. He 
lived at Putnam Valley, N. Y., where he died May 13, 1833. No 

628. Miles*' Avery {Solomon^, Humphrey*, Samuel^, James', 
Christopher') was b. Sept. 5, 1760, at Norwich; m. Nov., 1783, 
at Great Barrington, Mass., Malinda Pixley, dau. of William and 











The Sixth Generation 359 

Rachel Pixley. She was bap. Aug. 4, 1774, with three older chil- 
dren, at First Congregational Church of Great Barrington. He 
served in Capt. Hyde's co., Col. John Durkie's reg't, as corporal, 
1779 ; sergeant, 1780, 1781 ; was at Germantown, Valley Forge, 
Monmouth, Stony Point, and on the Hudson; was pensioned as 
sergeant in 1818 (Conn. Men in the Rev'n, pp. 185, 319, 640). 
He was justice of the peace from 1810 to 1844, inclusive (Mass. 
State Registers) . In deeds recorded at Pittsfield, Mass., he is 
called "Gentleman." She d. Oct. 1, 1827; he d. June 27, 1850, 
both at Great Barrington. 

Children of Miles and Malinda (Pixley) Avery, b. at Great 
Barrington, Mass.: 

1560. i. Horace', b. Sept. 4, 1784. 

Lucy', b. Feb. 11, 1786. 

Isaac', b. Aug. 3, 1787. 

Harry', b. July 30, 1789. 

Amanda', b. April 27, 1799; m. Isaac Avery (No. 157G). 

Polly', b. June 13, 1802. 

629. Stephen*' Avery {Solomon^, Humphreif, Samuel"^, 
James-, Christopher^) was b. Aug. 13, 1762, at Groton; m. at 
Great Barrington, Mass., Sarah Bement. She d. Feb., 1816. He 
was a pensioner of the Revolution, living at Herkimer, N. Y., in 
1833, and at Manheim, N. Y., in 1840. He m. 2d, Mrs. Renewey 
(Carpenter) Maxson, who d. about 1819; he m. 3d, Jan. 1, 1820, 
Mrs. Anna (DeLapp) Reynolds; she d. in Herkimer County, in 
1840 ; he d. Oct., 1842, at Manheim. 

Children of Stephen and Sarah (Bement) Avery: 

Jerusha'; m. Ira Shepard. 

Humphrey', b. April 14, 1785, at Stockbridge, Mass. 

Solomon', b. Dec. 15, 1788, at Stockbridge. 

Lathen', b. Sept. 9, 1790. 

Sally', b. March 12, 1792. 

Hannah', b. Nov., 1793; m. Abel Hopson. 

1572. vii. Stephen', b. Aug., 1795. 
viii. Clarissa', b. March 12, 1798; d. Jan. 17, 1815; unm. 

1573. ix. Electra', b. Jan. 17, 1800; m. Parker Dodge; 2d, Ira Barnes. 
No children. 

1574. X. Amelia', b. June 10, 1803, at Fairfield, N. Y. 

1575. xi. Henry Beright', b. Dec. 6, 1807, at Fairfield. 

1576. xii. Isaac', b. April 11, 1810, at Fairfield. 

1577. xiii. John', b. Sept. 28, 1812, at Fairfield. 













360 The Groton Avery Clan 

630. Ebenezer Punderson' Avery {Solomon^, Humphrey*, 
Samuel^, James-, Christopher^) was b. May 21, 1765, at Groton; 
m. Jan. 12, 1787, at Great Barrington, Mass., Lovina Barnes, 
dau. of Phineas and Phebe (Bement) Barnes. She was b. March 
10, 1767, at Great Barrington. He assisted in caring for the 
wounded after the massacre at Fort Griswold. He Hved at Great 
Barrington; later removed to the "Royal Grants," Herkimer 
County, N. Y. ; in 1796, he settled on a farm in Pompey, N. Y. 
He was a skillful mechanic and was constantly engaged in build- 
ing grist-, saw-, fulling-, and cider-mills, carding machines, tan- 
neries, and threshing machines, and was the inventor of a 
successful plow. He was captain of the 5th co., 1st reg't, 
Onondaga militia, 1801, and resigned in 1805. He d. Sept. 10, 
1840 ; she d. March 30, 1847, both at Pompey, N. Y. 

Children of Ebenezer Punderson and Lovina (Barnes) 
Avery : 

1578. i. Hannah Punderson', b. Dec. 3, 1787. 

1579. ii, Sally Bement", b. Sept. 1, 1789. 

1580. iii. Lucy', b. March 14, 1791. 

1581. iv. William', b. Aug. 16, 1793. 

1582. V. Phebe', b. Oct. 31, 1795. 

1583. vi. Candace', b. Nov. 9, 1797. 

1584. vii. LuCETTA', b. Oct. 26, 1799. 

1585. viii. Perlena', b. Dec. 10, 1802. 

1586. ix. Perlina', b. Dec. 10, 1802. 

1587. X. Cyrus', b. July 28, 1807. 

1588. xi. Nancy', b. Sept. 8, 1809. 

1589. xii. Samuel', b. Feb. 18, 1812. 

631. Henry'' A\QYy {Solomon^, Humphrey^ Samuel^, James-, 
Christopher^) was b. May 4, 1767, at Groton; m. May 20, 1795, 
at East Taghkanic, N. Y., Hannah Rockefeller, dau. of "Jersey" 
William and Christina (Rockefeller) Rockefeller, of German- 
town, N. Y., and sister of Godfrey Rockefeller (No. 1561). 
She was b. Aug. 5, 1780, at East Taghkanic. He was the first 
supervisor of Taghkanic and held that office fourteen years ; was 
justice of the peace for twenty-eight years. He d. March 25, 
1853, at West Taghkanic; she d. at the same place, Feb. 4, 1865; 
buried in the M. E. burying-ground, West Taghkanic. 

Children of Henry and Hannah (Rockefeller) Avery, b. at 
West Taghkanic : 

The Sixth Generation 361 

1590. i. William', b. Oct. 16, 1796. 

1591. ii. Hannah', b. Jan. 24, 1800. 

1592. iii. Amanda', b. July 17, 1802. 

1593. iv. Henry Cyrus', b. Oct. 26, 1803. 

1594. V. Sally', b. Aug. 15, 1805. 

1595. vi. Peter R.', b. March 20, 1807. 

1596. vii. Elizabeth', b. Oct. 16, 1808. 

1597. viii. Lucinda', b. Sept. 10, 1810. 

1598. ix. Solomon', b. Oct. 17, 1812. 

1599. X. Caroline', b. Oct. 16, 1814. 

1600. xi. Jacob', b. June 11, 1816. 

1601. xii. Esther', b. Aug. 25, 1819. 

1602. xiii. Stephen', b. May 10, 1822. 

632. Cyrus" Avery {Solomon^, Humphrey*, Samuel^, James'-, 
Christopher^) was b. May 12, 1771, at Norwich; m. May 16, 
1791, at Tunkhannock, Penn., Lydia Marcy, dau. of Zebulon 
and Jerusha (Conant) Marcy. She was b. Jan. 3, 1772, in the 
Wyoming Valley, Pa. Cyrus Avery was an extensive land owner, 
having more than a thousand acres on Tunkhannock Creek. He 
was justice of the peace many years and a colonel of militia. His 
commission is in the possession of the family. His wife died 
June 18, 1817 ; he d. Feb. 28, 1833, both at Tunkhannock. 

Children of Cyrus and Lydia (Marcy) Avery, b. at Tunk- 
hannock : 

1603. 1. Miles', b. Dec. 28, 1791. 

ii. Zebulon', b. May 12, 1793; died same day. 

1604. ill. Zebulon', b. July 7, 1794. 

iv. Solomon', b. July 28, 1796; d. y. 

V. Nicholas', b. Sept. 19, 1797; d. y. 

1605. vi. Jerusha', b. Dec. 3, 1798. 

1606. vii. Sally', b. Feb. 5, 1801; m. Wright; d. May 3, 1828, 

at Tunkhannock. 

1607. viii. Cyrus Henry', b. July 28, 1803. 

ix. Humphrey', b. Nov. 14, 1805; d. April 9, 1820. 
X. Lydia', b. March 5, 1808; d. Nov. 30, 1831; unm. 

1608. xi. Abel Marcy', b. July 29, 1811. 

1609. xii. Punderson', b. July 31, 1814. 

1610. xiii. Joseph Conant', b. June 9, 1817. 

634. Sibyl Noyes" Avery (Samuel^, Humphrey*, Samuel^, 
James-, Christopher'^) was b. at Groton about 1761; m. Jan. 8, 
1781, in Vermont, Ezra Stiles, s. of Ezra and Elizabeth (Hub- 
bard) Stiles. He was b. March 11, 1759. He was graduated 

362 The Groton Avery Clan 

from Harvard in 1778. He d. Aug. 22, 1784, at Edenton, N. C. 
She m. 2d, Elisha Avery (No. 623, q. v.). 

Children of Ezra and Sibyl Noyes (Avery) Stiles: 

i. Elizabeth Hubbard', b. April 15, 1782, at Keene, N. H.; m. 
John Denio. 

ii. Emelia Harriet', b. Feb. 9, 1784, at Groton; m. 

Clark, of Henrietta, N. Y. 

635. Samuel William" Avery (Samuel^ Humphrey*, Sam- 
uel\ James-, Christopher') was b. June 28, 1779; m. Dec, 1806, 
probably at Owego, N. Y., Eliza A. Wattles, dau. of Gen. Mason 
Wattles of the Revolution. She d. Sept. 10, 1814. He m. 2d, Jan. 
16, 1816, at Aurora, N. Y., Emily Caroline Avery, dau. of Daniel 
and Lydia (Avery) Avery (No. 1002). She was b. July 2, 1793. 
He was lieu't, first artillery co., sixth reg't, Tioga and Broome 
counties, N. Y., in 1810 ; captain in 1812 ; resigned about 1815 
(Military Records of New York, pp. 1164, 1388, 1605). She d. 
Sept. 18, 1822 ; he d. Dec. 28, 1828. 

Child of Samuel William and Eliza A. (Wattles) Avery: 

1611. i. Samuel M.', b. Aug. 25, 1807. 

Children of Samuel William and Emily Caroline (Avery) 

Avery : 

1612. i. Eliza Wattles', b. Dec. 30, 1816. 

1613. ii. Daniel Humphrey', b. Dec. 30, 1818. 

iii. Walter Oddie', b. Aug. 3, 1820; d. March 7, 1839. 

iv. Emily Caroline', b. June 20, 1822; d. July, 1826. 

636. John Humphrey' Avery (Samuel^ Humphrey', Sam- 
uel\ James-, Christopher') was b. Nov. 4, 1782; m. Nov. 3, 1806, 
Stella Seeley Hinchman dau. of Dr. Joseph and Zerviah (Seeley) 
Hinchman. She was b. Oct. 25, 1788. Her father was a soldier 
of the Revolution. John Humphrey Avery was a lawyer; rep- 
resented his district in the state legislature in 1814. None of his 
sons married. 

Children of John Humphrey and Stella Seeley (Hinchman) 

Avery : 

i. Humphrey John', b. July 13, 1808; d. July 27, 1821. 

1614. ii. Stella Hinchman', b. Feb. 12, 1810; m. Cuyler Hosmer. 
iii. George Waitstill', b. Feb. 12, 1812; d. Dec. 23, 1849. 

1615. iv. Susan Palmes', b. Nov. 29, 1813; m. R. D. Pieronet. 

1616. V. Emily Eliza', b. Oct. 10, 1815; m. Judge Farrington. 

The Sixth Generation 363 

vi. Charles Pumpelly', b. July 3, 1817; d. 1872. 
vii. Joseph Hinchman', b. Nov. 29, 1819; d. March 9, 1821. 
viii. Mary Ann', b. May 1, 1822; single in 1888. 
ix. Fannie Catharine^ b. Nov. 25, 1823; d. Oct. 16, 1825. 
1617. X. Lesbia PLAxr, b. Oct. 2, 1825; m. Isaac Newton Jerome, 
xi. Guy Hinchman', b. Aug. 30, 1829; d 1903, at New York. 

637. Frances" Avery (Samuel^, Hiimvhreif, Samuel^, James-, 
Christopher') was b. Sept. 9, 1785, at Westminster, Vt. ; m. Sept. 
3, 1803, at Owego, N. Y., Charles Pumpelly, s. of John and 
Hannah (Bushnell) Pumpelly. He was b. Dec. 8, 1789, at Salis- 
bury, Conn. He was in the war of 1812 ; was one of the founders 
of Owego; had a large landed estate; was supervisor many 
years ; represented his district in the New York assembly. She 
d. Oct. 21, 1848; he d. March 9, 1855, both at Owego. 

Children of Charles and Fiances (Avery) Pumpelly, b. at 

Owego : 

i. John Charles', b. Oct. 28, 1804; d. March 9, 1830, at 

Owego ; unm. 
ii. Mary Ann', b. Dec. 31, 1806; m. George Bacon; d. Feb. 11, 

1845, at Owego. 
iii, Susan Isabella', b. April 24, 1809; m. George James Pum- 
pelly; d. July 30, 1864, at Owego. 
iv. Frances Eliza', b. March 19, 1811; m. Joseph S. Bosworth; 

d. March 30, 1879, at New York City. 
V. Catharine Ann', b. Feb. 28, 1813; m. John Mason Parker, 

judge of the supreme court; d. Dec. 30, 1845, at Owego. 
vi. Harriet Amelia', b. June 27, 1815; m. Theodore Freling- 

huysen, president of Princeton College; d. Feb. 8, 1876, 

at Owego. 
vii. Stella Avery', b. Sept. 19, 1817; m. John Mason Parker, 

widower of her sister, Catharine Ann; d. Sept. 28, 1894, 

at Owego. 
viii. Caroline Augusta', b. Feb. 6, 1820; died unm. 
ix. James', b. Sept. 23, 1822; d. Dec. 3, 1823, at Owego. 
X. Lydia Abby', b. June 26, 1827; m. James Forsyth, president 

of Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute; d. Aug. 12, 1876, at 

Troy, N. Y. 

638. Susan*' Avery (Samuel^, Humphrey*, Samuel^, James^, 
Christopher') was b. March 31, 1787; m. Nathan Camp. Thej^ 
lived at Owego, N. Y. She d. Aug. 4, 1813. 

Child of Nathan and Susan (Avery) Camp: 
i. Frederick M.'; m. Sarah Piatt. 

364 The Groton Avery Clan 

639. Isabella^ Avery (SamueP, Humphrey*, Samuel^, James^, 
Christopher') was b. June 24, 1789; m. Levi Leonard. He was 
b. July 4, 1790. She d. Aug. 20, 1842 ; he d. Aug., 1862. 

Children of Levi and Isabella (Avery) Leonard : 

i. Susan', m. William B. Wood. 

ii. William'. 

iii. Mary', died young. 

iv. Charles F.', b. Jan. 10, 1830; m. Esther Ann Davenport. 

640. Martha*^ Avery {James^, Humphrey^ SamueP, James-, 
Christopher') was b. Aug. 22, 1773; m. Feb. 18, 1798, Moses 
Benjamin, s. of David and Lucy (Parke) Benjamin. He was b. 
July 5, 1774, at Preston. He was a captain in the West India 
trade. She d. Sept. 12, 1800, at Norwich. He m. 2d, Jerusha 
Avery (No. 643). 

Children of Moses and Martha (Avery) Benjamin, b. at 

Norwich : 

i. Charles', b. Dec. 28, 1798; m. Lucy Harvey; 2d, Olive 

Harvey; d. at Georgetown, Demerara, British Guiana, 
ii. George', b. July 23, 1800; d. Feb. 20, 1840, at Georgetown; 

641. James" Avery (James^, Humphrey*, Samuel"", James^, 
Christopher') was b. April 19, 1776 (tombstone) ; m. March 10, 
1811, at Preston, Hannah Pride, dau. of Absalom and Huldah 
(Brewster) Pride, and a descendant of Elder Brewster. She was 
b. July 26, 1791 (tombstone). He d. at Preston, June 13, 1846; 
she d. March 28, 1869, at Norwich; both are buried at Brew- 
ster's Neck, Preston. 

Children of James and Hannah (Pride) Avery, b. at Pres- 

Martha Pride', b. May 3, 1812; d. March 26, 1833; unm. 
Jerusha', b. July 18, 1815; d. Feb. 21, 1816. 
Huldah', b. March 4, 1817. 
Francis Smith', b. Sept. 19, 1819. 

Jerusha Adelaide', b. Aug. 30, 1823. j, 

Mary Esther', b. Nov. 1, 1825. S'; 

1622. vii. George Benjamin', b. Aug. 19, 1828. 

642. Christopher'' Avery (James% Humphrey*, Samuel^, 
James-, Christojjher^) was b. Sept. 5, 1778; m. Anna Stanton. 
He d. July 28, 1801, at Demerara, British Guiana; she d. Aug. 
13, 1808. 











The Sixth Generation 365 

643. Jerusha" Avery (James^, Humphrey^ Samuel^, James\ 
ChnstopheV) was b. March 16, 1781; m. Dec. 15, 1801, at Pres- 
ton, Moses Benjamin, the widower of her sister, Martha (No. 
640). She d. Aug. 9, 1803, at Norwich. He m. two other wives 
and d. July 5, 1813, at Norwich. 

Child of Moses and Jerusha (Avery) Benjamin, b. at Nor- 
wich : 

i. Moses', b. Nov. 25, 1802; d. in Demerara, British Guiana; 

644. Benjamin" Avery {James^, Humphrey*, Samuel^,. 
James-, Christopher') was b. Nov. 16, 1783; m. Annis Patchen, 
dau. of Nathan and Elizabeth (Dudley) Patchen. 

Children of Benjamin and Annis (Patchen) Avery: 
1. Henry James', a physician; d. unm. 

1623. ii. Caroline Jerusha'; m. Amos Slawson; one child, Olivia. 

1624. iii. Betsy Maria', b. April 1, 1815, at Berlin, N. Y. 
iv. Sarah Martha', d. June 4, 1883; unm. 

1625. V. Benjamin Franklin', b. Aug. 10, 1819. 

645. Henry Clinton'' Avery {James^, Humphrey*, Samuel^,. 
James-, Christopher') was b. Nov. 11, 1790; m. Oct. 22, 1815, at 
Poquetanuck, Sarah Chapman, dau. of Joseph and Elizabeth 
(Allyn) Chapman. She was b. April 1, 1796, at Ledyard. He 
was a grocer at Norwich. He d. Sept. 9, 1822, at Preston; she 
d. July 8, 1884, at Poquetanuck. 

Children of Henry Clinton and Sarah (Chapman) Avery, b. 
at Poquetannock : 

1626. i. Elizabeth Maria', b. June 22, 1817. 

ii. John Henry', b. June 16, 1822; d. Oct. 17, 1847, at Po- 
quetanuck; unm. 

647. Polly Myra*' Avery {WaightstilV', Humphrey*, Sam- 
uel^, James-, Christopher') was b. Aug. 24, 1779, in Burke 
County, N. C; m. July, 1796, Caleb Poor; 2d, 1823, Jacob 
Summey, of Asheville, N. C. She d. Feb. 20, 1857, in Henderson 
County, N. C. She was a woman of strong character which she 
impressed upon her children and her children's children. 

Children of Caleb and Polly Myra (Avery) Poor, b. in 
Burke County, N. C: 

366 The Groton Avery Clan 

i. Edwin', b. 1797; d. 1829. 

ii. Polly Osgood', b. 1799; m. John McLean; d. 1881. Their 

oldest child, Margaret Adeline", m. Leander Sams Gash. 

She d. in 1890. Their oldest child, Thomas Lenoir', m. 

Davie Anne Deaver, in 1870. Their son, Robert Lenoir"' 

Gash, lives at Brevard, N. C. The youngest child of John 

and Polly Osgood (Poor) McLean, Harriet Amanda'", m. 

Charles Manson Greer. Their son, G. A. Greer, lives at 

Asheville, N. C. 
iii. Leah Caroline', b. 1800; m. John Span, 
iv. Phoebe', b. 1803; d. 1833. 
V. William PROBARr, b. 1806; m. Elizabeth Emeline McCarson; 

2d, Sarah Ann Wilson; d. 1889. 
vi. Isaac Thomas', b. 1808; d. 1842. 
vii. Milton', b. 1812; d. 1828. 

648. Elizabeth'^ Avery {WaightstilP, Humphrey^, Samuel^, 
James-, Christopher'') was b. Aug., 1782, in Burke County, N. C; 
m. about 1802, at Swan Ponds, Burke County, N. C, William 
Ballard Lenoir, s. of General William and Ann (Ballard) 
Lenoir. He was b. Sept. 1, 1775, in Wilkes County, Tenn. ; d. 
Feb. 14, 1852, at Lenoir, Tenn. 

Children of William Ballard and Elizabeth (Avery) Lenoir: 
i. Albert Sobieski', b. Aug. 30, 1803. in North Carolina; m. 
March 2, 1837, in Roane County, Tenn., Catharine Frie- 
ling Welcker, dau. of Henry and Elizabeth (Inman) 
Welcker. She was b. March 18, 1819, in Roane County. 
He d. Nov. 28, 1861; she d. Oct. 15, 1889, in Loudon 
County, Tenn. Their oldest daughter, Elizabeth'', m. July 
1, 1857, in Roane County, David McKendree Key, s. of the 
Rev. John Henry and Mai-garet (Armitage) Key. He 
was b. Jan. 27, 1824, at Greenboro, Tenn. He was an 
officer in the Confederate ai-my; U. S. senator from 
Tenn.; postmaster-general under President Hayes; U. S. 
district judge. He d. Feb. 3, 1900, at Chattanooga. Her 
address is 511 Poplar St., Chattanooga, Tenn. Her oldest 
daughter, Emma", m. William Baker Thompson, lieut. in 
the 11th Michigan Vol. Cavalry and the creator of the 
U. S. railway postal service; she d. March 30, 1886, at 
Chattanooga. No children, 
ii. Louisa Caroline", b. 1805; m. Reynolds A. Ramsey; d. Aug. 
12, 1841. Their son, Thomas Isaac" Ramsey, m. Jane 
Amelia Cunningham Boyd, dau. of William Houston 
Boyd. Their address is 222 Utica St., San Antonio, Tex. 

The Sixth Generation 367 

They have children, Annie", Waight still", and Thomas"; 

Thomas was b. April 26, 1877; m. Nov. 26, 1907, Edith 

Mary Springall. 
iii. Isaac Thomas', m. Mary Caroline Hogg; d. Dec. 7, 1875. 
iv. Leah Adeline", m. John Y. Smith; d. July 22, 1879. 
V. Myra Ann', m. Gen. James H. Reagan; d. March 8, 1879. 
vi. William', b. Jan. 20, 1813; d. June 16, 1878; unm. 
vii. Waightstill Avery', b. Jan. 19, 1815; m. Isabella Hume; 

d. March 6, 1884. 
viii. Walter Franklin', b. Nov. 21, 1816; m. Elizabeth God- 

dard. She d. Jan. 10, 1855. He m. 2d, July 7, 1857, 

Hattie Osborne. He d. Sept. 1, 1878; she d. June 5, 1907. 
ix. Eliza Martha', b. Dec. 23, 1818; m. Col. John Martin; d. 

March 4, 1894, at Paris, Texas. 
X. Benjamin Ballard', b. March 5, 1821, at Lenoir, Tenn. ; m. 

Nov. 27, 1855, Henrietta Rutledge Ramsey; she d. May 

25, 1864. He m. 2d, Margaret Virginia Siler. He d. 

March 13, 1905, at Lenoir, Tenn. 
xi. Israel Pickins', b. Sept. 21, 1823; d. Dec. 21, 1876. 
xii. Julia Joyce', b. 1826; d. Dec. 18, 1841. 

649. Isaac Thomas^ Avery {WaightstiW, Humphrey*, Sam- 
uel^, James'-, Christopher^) was b. Sept. 22, 1785, at Swans 
Ponds, N. C; m. June 27, 1815, at Belvidere, N. C, Harriet 
Eloise Erwin, daii. of Col. William Willoughby and Matilda 
(Sharpe) Erwin. She was b. May 3, 1795, at Belvidere. She 
was a descendant of Col. William Sharpe of the first congress, 
of David Reese who signed the Mecklenberg resolutions (See 
Avery's History of the United States and Its People, vol. 5, p. 
356), and of others illustrious in North Carolina history. Isaac 
Thomas Avery was a fine Latin scholar; a successful farmer, 
and the largest raiser of cattle and horses in his section of the 
country ; cashier of the Morganton bank ; member of the state 
legislature and of the governor's council. He left a large estate. 
She d. Aug. 4, 1858; he d. Dec. 31, 1864; both at Swan Ponds. 
Children of Isaac Thomas and Harriet Eloise (Erwin) 

Avery, b. at Swan Ponds, N. C. : 

1627. i. William Waightstill', b. May 25, 1816. 
ii. Child', twin to above; died the same day. 

iii. Theodore Horatio', b. Sept., 1817; d. Oct. 3, 1822. 

1628. iv. Clark Moulton', b. Oct. 3, 1819. 

v. Thomas Lenoir', b. March 16, 1821; d. Sept. 23, 1852. 
vi. Leah Adelaide', b. Dec. 20, 1822; d. Jan. 20, 1897; unm. 

368 The Groton Avery Clan 

vii. Matilda Louise^ b. Oct. 4, 1824; d. July 3, 1825. 

viii. Child', b. May 8, 1826; d. July 18, 1826. 

ix. Marcus', b. Oct. 4, 1827; d. Feb. 22, 1828. 

X. Isaac Irwin', b. Dec. 20, 1828; d. July 3, 1863, in the Con- 
federate army at the battle of Gettysburg; unm. He 
was colonel of the sixth N. C. reg't. 

1629. xi. Mary Ann Martha', b. May 25, 1831. 

1630. xii. JusTiNA Harriet', b. Sept. 22, 1833. 

1631. xiii. Alphonso Calhoun', b. Sept. 11, 1835. 
xiv. Laura Myra', b. Nov. 15, 1837. 

XV. Edward Dolbeare', b. Sept. 26, 1839; d. Dec. 1, 1848. 

1632. xvi. Willoughby Francis', b. May 7, 1843. 

650. Selina Louisa "^ Avery {WaightstiW, Humphrey^ Sam- 
uel^, James-, Christopher'^) was b. Oct. 27, 1788, at Swan Ponds, 
N. C. ; m. about 1807, at Swan Ponds, Thomas Lenoir, s. of 
Gen. William and Ann (Ballard) Lenoir, and brother of her 
sister Elizabeth's husband. He was b. May 2, 1780, at Fort 
Defiance, N. C. He d. Jan. 15, 1861 ; she d. Sept. 21, 1864, both 
at Fort Defiance. 

Children of Thomas and Selina Louisa (Avery) Lenoir: 

i. William Avery', b. June 18, 1808, at Forks of Pigeon, N. C; 

m. Jane Keziah Derr; d. May 1, 1862, at Lenoir, N. C. 
ii. Ann Eliza', b. March 15, 1811; d. April 26, 1812, at Forks 

of Pigeon, 
iii. Selina Louisa', b. March 18, 1813, at Forks of Pigeon; m. 
Samuel Pickins; d. March 29, 1836, at Greensboro, Ala. 
iv. Laura Leah Caroline', b. June 6, 1815, at Forks of Pigeon; 
m. Joseph Caldwell Norwood; d. Feb. 3, 1894, in Loudon 
County, Tenn. 
V. Thomas Isaac', b. Aug. 26, 1817, at Forks of Pigeon; m. 
Mary Elizabeth Garrett; d. Jan. 5, 1882, at Forks of 
vi. Mary Ann Myra', b. July 21, 1819, at Forks of Pigeon; m. 

James Gwyn; d. 1898, at Green Hill, N. C. 
vii. Sarah Joyce', b. March 15, 1821, at Forks of Pigeon; d. 

Jan. 21, 1899, at Fort Defiance, 
viii. Walter Waightstill', b. March 13, 1823, at Fort Defiance; 
m. Cornelia Isabelle Christian; d. July 26, 1900, in 
Watauga County, N. C. 
ix. RuFUS Theodore', b. Dec. 15, 1825, at Fort Defiance; m. 
Feb. 18, 1857, at Elkin, N. C, Sarah Leonora Gwyn, dau. 
of Richard and Elizabeth (Hunt) Gwyn. She was b. 
April 13, 1833, at Elkin. He is a farmer in the Yadkin 

The Sixth Generation 369 

652. Margaret Stringer'' Avery {Isaac', Humphrey^ Sam- 
uel', James-, Christopher^) was b. March 19, 1789, in Warren 
County, Va. ; m. March 8, 1820, in Burke County, N. C, John 
Murphy, s. of James Murphy; 2d, May 21, 1829, John CoUett; 
d. Aug-. 14, 1842. 

Children of John and Margaret Stringer (Avery) Murphy: 
i. Eliza M;, b. Dec. 20, 1820; m. Thomas George Walton, 
ii. Sarah Lauretta', b. May 16, 1822; m. Alexander Francis 

Gaston; 2d, William C. Erwin; d. June, 1864. 
iii. James Isaac', b. July 22, 1823; d. young, 
iv. Harriet Louisa', b. Oct. 13, 1825; m. William Mclntyre 

V. John Hugh', b. Feb. 14, 1827; m. Clara Irwin Patton. 

Child of John and Marg-aret Stringer (Avery) Collett: 

i. Waitstill Avery', b. Jan. 28, 1830; m. Mary Caldwell, dau. 
of Gdv. Todd R. Caldwell; d. July 9, 1880. 

653. James'' Avery (Isaac'', Humphrey^ SamueV\ James-, 
Christopher^) was b. Oct. 25, 1791; m. March 6, 1823, in Burke 
County, N. C, Elizabeth Brown, dau. of Daniel and Hannah 
(Hollingsv^'orth) Brown. She was b. Oct. 2, 1799, in McDowell 
County, N. C. He was a farmer. He d. March 6, 1872 ; she d. 
in 1877, both in Burke County. 

Children of James and Elizabeth (Brown) Avery, b. in 
Burke County : 

Margaret Ann', b. Dec. 10, 1823. 
Isaac Theodore', b. July 10, 1825. 
Hannah Elvira', b. Feb. 22, 1827. 
William Brown', b. Nov. 25, 1828. 
Mary Matilda', b. Jan. 21, 1832. 
Harriet Martha', b. May 31, 1834. 
Eliza Murphy', b. May 22, 1836. 
viii. Laura Jane', b. Sept. 30, 1838. 
ix. Henry Harrison', b. July 15, 1840; d. Aug. 6, 1861, at 
Yorktown, Va.; unm. 

654. Elizabeth" (or Eliza Elnora) Avery (Isaac-', Hum- 
phrey*, SamueV, James-, Christopher^) was b. 1793, in Warwick 
County, Va. ; m. April 5, 1825, in North Carolina, James Make- 
mie Oneil. He was b. Sept. 22, 1798. He was a wagon-maker 
and lived in Burke County, N. C. She d. Dec. 9, 1849 ; he d. Nov. 
26, 1861, at Manassas, Va. 

















370 The Groton Avery Clan 

Children of James and Elizabeth (Avery) Oneil, b. in Burke 

County, N. C. : 

i. Henry Wastee', b. May 15, 1826. 

ii. Julius Theodore', b. Dec. 17, 1828. ^ 

iii. Margaret Ann', b. July 4, 1830; m. Robert R. Mooney; d. 

April 19, 1855. 
iv. Harriet Eliza', b. Sept. 23, 1832; m. James W. McGalliard; 

lives near Morganton, N. C. 
V. Isaac Patrick', b. Jan. 5, 1835; m. Mary E. Carper; d. 

Aug. 2, 1878, at Salisbury, N. C. 

657. WaitstilF Avery {Charles^, Waitstill*, Samuel^, James- ^ 
Christopher^) ; m. Amy Wheeler. He served in Abel Spicer's 
company in 1775; in Jonathan Calkins's company in 1777 {Conn. 
Men in the Kev'n, pp. 78, 505). He was lieu't, 5th co., 3d reg't, 
Oct., 1785; was made captain, 6th co., 3d reg't, Oct., 1792 {Ms. 
State Papers, Hartford) . They lived at East Stockbridge, Mass., 
and later in Bedford Tp., Luzerne County, Penn., where he d. 
Nov. 2, 1807, aged 50; she d. Sept. 30, 1844, at West Stock- 
bridge, Mass., aged 88. 

Children of Waitstill and Amy (Wheeler) Avery: 

1641. i. Amy Abigail', b. May 2, 1776. 

1642. ii. Rebecca', b. Sept. 23, 1790. 

1643. iii. Waitstill', b. Aug. 30, 1796, at Waterford, Conn. 

1644. iv. Frederick', b. Feb. 27, 1799, at Waterford. 

658. Lucy'' Avery {Charles^, Waitstill*, Samuel^, James-, 
Christopher^) ; m. James Strickland, s. of Peter and Sarah 
(Williams) Strickland. 

Children of James and Lucy (Avery) Strickland: 

i. Apphia', m. Abel Brown, s. of Aaron and Rebecca (Avery) 

Brown (No. 1642). 
ii. Joanna', m. Harris Rogers, 
iii. Elias', m. Hannah Schofield. 
iv. Mary', m. Daniel Richards. 
V. Nathan'. 
vi. Amanda'. 
vii. Charlotte', m. Ezra Brown, s. of Aaron and Rebecca 

(Avery) Brown (No. 1642). 
viii. Mary', m. Mr. Beattie. 
ix. Lucy'. 
X. Wait'. 
xi. Fanny'. 
yM. James'. 

The Sixth Generation 371 

659, Esther*' Avery (Charles^, WaitstiW, Samuel^, James-, 
Christopher'^) ; m. Roger Orton. 

Children of Roger and Esther (Avery) Orton: 

i. Elias', m. Electa Chappell. 

ii. Horatio". 

iii. Mary', m. Oren Heath. 

iv. Timothy', killed in the battle of Lake Erie; his widow m. 

a Charles Avery, supposed to have been a cousin of 

Timothy Orton. 
V. Huldah'. 
vi. David', 
vii. Amos'. 
viii. Roger'. 

ix. Margaret', m. Samuel McGee. 
X. Thomas', m. Irene Heath; 2d, Lucy — . 

660, Frederick'' Avery (Charles^, Waitstill*, Samuel^, 
James-, Christopher^) ; m. Charity Davis, dau. of Isaac Davis, 
of Lee, Mass. His descendants say that he served in the Revolu- 
tionary war from Connecticut. He undoubtedly served in Col. 
Sherburne's regiment from March, 1777, to July, 1779 (Conn. 
Men in the Rev'n, p. 255). His wife d. about 1835, at Roches- 
ter, N. Y. 

Children of Frederick and Charity (Davis) Avery: 
1648. i. Charles'. 

Isaac'; d. at sea, aged 14. 

Frederick'; d. at sea. 

1654. viii. Charity'. 
ix. Almira'; died young. 

1655. X. Edwin'. 














671. Robert^ Avery {James"', James^, James*, James^, 
James-, Christophe)') was b. Jan. 27, 1756, at Groton ; m. Feb. 
6, 1780, at Groton, Anna Barber. He died Aug. 29, 1780. No 

672. AbigaiF Avery {James^, James% James*, James^, 
James-, Christopher^) was b. July 10, 1757, at Groton. Accord- 
ing to her father's will she m. Mr. Sheffield. George and Abigail 
Sheffield deeded land that had belonged to their father, James 
Avery, March 9, 1798 {Groton Deeds, 13 :236) . Before 1816, she 
married Gideon Hoxie. Under that name she is mentioned in her 
mother's will and in the will of her aunt, Elizabeth (Avery) 
Starr (No. 261) . No children. 

673. Rufus^ Avery {James*^, James^, James*, James^, James'^, 
Christopher^) was b. Nov. 16, 1758, at Groton; m. March 1, 1781, 
at Groton, Hannah Lord, daughter of Asa and Abigail (Mum- 
ford) Lord, and niece of Lydia Lord, who m. David Avery (No. 
262). She was b. May 24, 1759, at Groton. Rufus Avery was a 
corporal in Capt. Latham's artillery company ; was made orderly 
sergeant and was in the battle of Groton Heights (Fort Gris- 
wold). The following narrative, written by him, is perhaps the 
best original account we have of that terrible massacre : 

"As I belonged to the garrison at Fort Griswold when Benedict Arnold's 
army came to New London and Groton, on the sixth of September, 
1781, and made the attack on both places, I had every opportunity to 
know all the movements through the day and time of the battle. I 
am requested to give a particular account of the conduct of the 
enemy. I had charge of the garrison the night before the enemy 
appeared anywhere near us, or were expected by anyone at that time 
to trouble us. But about three o'clock in the morning, as soon as I 
had daylight so as to see the fleet, it appeared a short distance below 
the lighthouse. The fleet consisted of thirty-two vessels in number — 
ships, brigs, schooners and sloops. I immediately sent word to Capt. 

SJI I'UE S3JEJS paiiuQ am jo Xjo]sih „ 

s^Ajsav jo sjaqsiiqnj 'omo 'pu^pi^O 'XuEd 

-IU03 sjsqiojg s.iiojjna sqxjo uoissiiujad puij) Ag 

,^ N.wox aHX XNHiig qtonhv NaHjV\ ,, 

D N OT. 

^ ^ 

The Seventh Generation 373 

William Latham who commanded the said fort, and who was not far 
distant. He very soon came to the fort and saw the enemy's fleet, and 
immediately sent a notice to Col. William Ledyard, who was com- 
mander of the harbor. Fort Griswold, and Fort Trumbull. He soon 
arrived at the garrison, saw the fleet, then ordered two large guns to 
be loaded with heavy charges of good powder, &c. Capt. William 
Latham took charge of one gun that was dischai-ged at the northeast 
part of the fort, and I took charge of the gun on the west side of the 
fort, so as to give a 'larum' to the country in the best manner that it 
could be done. We discharged then regular 'lai*ums.' Two guns was 
the regular 'larum,' but the enemy understood that, and they dis- 
charged a third gun similar to ours and timed it alike, which broke 
our alarm, which discouraged our troops coming to our assistance. 
Col. William Ledyard immediately sent out two expresses, one from 
each fort, to call on every captain of a militia company of men to 
hurry them into our relief. But not many came to our assistance. 
Their excuse was that they supposed it to be only a false alarm. 
The discharge of the third gun by the enemy entirely changed the 
alarm. It was customary, when there was a good prize brought into 
the harbor, or on the receipt of any good news, to rejoice by discharg- 
ing three cannon, and this the enemy understood. They landed eight 
hundred officers and men, and some horses and large guns and 
carriages on the beach at Eastern Point, Groton side of the river, 
about eight o'clock in the morning, and on the New London side of 
the river, below the lighthouse on the beach, seven hundred officers 
and men at the same time. The army on the Groton side was divided 
into two divisions, about four hundred in each division. Col. Eyre 
took command of the division southeast of the fort, about one hundred 
and thirty rods from the fort, behind a ledge of rocks. Major 
Montgomery took command of his division, about one hundred and 
fifty rods from the fort, behind a high hill of land. The army on 
New London side of the river found better and more accommodating 
marching land than on the Groton side, and as soon as they got 
against Fort Trumbull they separated into two divisions: one went 
on to the town of New London, and plundered and set fire to the 
shipping and buildings, and the other division marched directly down 
to Fort Trumbull. Capt. Shapley, who commanded the fort, saw that 
he was likely to be overpowered by the enemy, spiked up the cannon, 
and embarked on board his boats, which were prepared for him and 
his men if wanted. But the enemy were so quick upon him that 
before he and his small company could get out of gunshot in their 
boats a number of his men got badly wounded. Those who were able 
to get to Fort Griswold reached there, and most of them were slain. 
Col. Eyre and Maj. Montgomery had their divisions stationed about 
nine o'clock in the morning. As soon as they appeared in sight we 
hove a number of shots at them, but they would endeavor to dis- 


The Groton Avery Clan 


Drawn about 1781, probably by an American engineer. 

Library of Congress. 

The original is in the 






Sallee Port. 


Ditch leading to Battery below. 



Embrasure where Maj. Montgomery fell. 







9. Where ye Light companies and Gren- 
adiers of ye 40th entered. 

Guns yt much annoyed ye troops. 

Ravelin that covered ye Gate, 

A Rock not cut away which gives an en- 
trance into ye work. 

From E to F round the sides D, C, and B, ye work is fraiz'd. 
On ye curtain A to the angle F it forms a barbette Batt'y. 

The Seventh Generation 375 

appear immediately. About ten o'clock in the forenoon they sent 
their flag to demand of Col. Ledyard the surrender of the fort. The 
party with the flag approached within about forty rods of the fort, 
and we discharged a musket ball before them, and brought them to a 
stand. Col. Ledyard called a council of war to take the minds of his 
fellow officers and friends as to what was to be done. They agreed 
to send a flag to meet theirs, and chose Capt. Elijah Avery, Capt. 
Amos Stanton, and Capt. John Williams. They immediately met the 
British flag, and received a demand to give up the fort to them. Our 
flag soon returned with the summons, which was to surrender the fort 
to them. Inquiry was made of the council as to what must be done, 
and the answer was sent to the British flag that the fort would not be 
given up. Their flag went back to Col. Eyre's division, and soon 
returned to within seventy rods of the fort, when they were met 
again by our flag, which brought back to Col. Ledyard the demand if 
they had to take the fort by storm they should put martial law in 
force; that is, whom they did not kill with balls should be put to 
death with sword and bayonet. Our flag went to the British flag with 
Col. Ledyard's answer that he should not give up the fort to them, 
let the consequence be what it might. While the flags were passing 
between us we were exchanging shots with the British at Fort 
Trumbull, of which they had got possession of said fort before the 
commencement of the battle at Fort Griswold. We could heave a 
shot into Fort Trumbull among the enemy without difficulty, but they 
could not raise a shot so high as to come into Fort Griswold. Having 
obtained possession of our good powder and shot left by Capt. Shapley 
in the fort, they used it against us. 

About eleven o'clock in the forenoon the enemy found out what 
we were determined to do. Both divisions started; that of Col. Eyre 
came on in solid column. As soon as he got on level ground we were 
prepared to salute them with a gun that took in an eighteen-pound 
ball, but was then loaded with two bags of grape shot. Capt. Elias 
Henry Halsey directed the gun, and took aim at the enemy. He had 
practiced on board of privateers, and he did his duty well. I was 
present with him and others near the gun, and when the shot struck 
among the enemy, it cleared a wide space in their solid column. It 
was reported on good authority that about twenty men were killed 
and wounded by that charge of grape shot. As soon as the enemy's 
column was broken by their loss of officers and men, they scattered 
and trailed their arms, and came on with a quick march and oblique 
step toward the fort, inclining to the west. During this time we 
hove cannon and musket shot among the enemy. Col. Eyre's division 
came up to the south side and west side of the fort, where he was 
mortally wounded. Major Montgomery, who started with his division 
at the same time that Eyre did to come to the fort in solid column, 
inclined to the north, until they got east of the redoubt or battery, 

376 The Groton Avery Clan 

which is east of the fort, when a large number of them came very 
quick into the battery. Our officers threw a heavy charge of grape 
shot among them, which destroyed a large number. They then 
started for the fort, a part of them in platoons, discharging their 
guns as they advanced, while some scattering officers and soldiers 
came 'round to the east and north part of the fort. As soon as the 
enemy got 'round the fort one man attempted to open the gate. He 
lost his life. There was hard fighting some time before the second 
man made the trial to open the gate, which he did. Our little number 
of one hundred and fifty-five officers and soldiers, most of whom were 
volunteers when the battle began, were soon ovei'powered. Then 
there was no block-house on the parade, as there is now, and the 
enemy had every opportunity to kill and wound almost every man in 
the fort. When they had overpowered us and driven us from our 
stations at the breastwork of the fort. Col. Wm. Ledyard, seeing 
what few officers and men he had left to do any more fighting, they 
quit their posts, and went on the open parade in the fort, where the 
enemy had every opportunity to massacre us. There were about six 
of the enemy to one of us. The enemy mounted the parapet seem- 
ingly all as one, swung their hats around once, and discharged their 
guns, and those they did not kill with ball they meant to kill with the 
bayonet. I was on the west side of the fort, with Capt, Edward 
Latham and Mr. Christopher Latham, on the platform; had a full 
sight of the enemy's conduct, and within five feet of these two men. 
I had at that time a ball and bayonet hole in my coat. As soon as 
the enemy discharged their guns, they knocked down the two men 
before mentioned with the britch of their guns, and put their 
bayonets into them, but did not quite kill them. By this time. 
Major Montgomery's division, then under the command of Capt. 
Bromfield (the other gates having been unbolted by one of the men), 
marched in through the gates, and formed a solid column. At this 
time I left my station on the west side of the fort, and went across 
the south part of the parade towards the south end of the barrack. 
Col. Wm. Ledyard was on the parade, marching towards the enemy 
under Capt. Bromfield, raising and lowering his sword. He was then 
about six or eight feet from the British officer. I turned my eyes 
from Ledyard and stepped up to the door of the barrack, and saw the 
enemy discharging their guns through the windows. I turned myself 
immediately about, and the enemy had executed Col. Ledyard, in less 
time than one minute after I saw him. The column then continued 
marching toward the south end of the parade. I could do no better 
than to pass across the parade before the enemy's column, as they 
discharged the volleys of three platoons, the fire of which I went 
through. I believe there was not less than five or six hundred men 
of the enemy on the parade in the fort. They killed and wounded 
nearly every man in the fort as quick as they could, which was done 

The Seventh Generation 


in about one minute. I expected my time would come with the rest. 
One mad-looking fellow put his bayonet to my side, and swore, 
'Bejasus, he would skipper me.' I looked him very earnestly in the 
face and eyes, and asked for mercy and to spare my life. He 
attempted three times to put the bayonet in me, but I must say I 
believe God forbade him, for I was completely in his power, as well 
as others that were present with the enemy. The enemy at the same 


Erected by the State of Connecticut to commemorate the defense of Fort Griswold 
by Col. William Ledyard and his brave companions. September 6. 1781. The 
corner-stone was laid September 6. 1826; the monument was dedicated September 
6, 1830. Material, g^ranite; 26 feet square at the base, 24 feet square on the die, 
22 feet square at base of the shaft, and 11 feet at the tap: whole height 127 feet. 
It stood thus until 1881, when the height was increased to 135 feet. 


78 The Groton Avery Clan 

time massacred Lieut. Enoch Stanton within four or five feet of me. 
A platoon of about ten men marched up near where I stood, where 
two larger outer doors to the magazine made a space wide enough for 
ten men to stand in one rank. They discharged their guns into the 
magazine among the dead and wounded, and some well ones, and 
some they killed and wounded. That platoon fell back, and another 
platoon came forward to discharge their guns into the outer part of 
the magazine, where the others did. As they made ready to fire, 
Capt. Bromfield came suddenly 'round the corner of the magazine, 
and very quickly I'aised his sword, exclaiming, 'Stop firing! You'll 
send us all to hell together!' Their language was bad as well as their 
conduct. I was near him when he spoke. Bromfield knew there must 
be, of course, much powder scattered about the magazine, and a great 
quantity deposited there, but I expect the reason it did not take fire 
was that there was so much human blood to put it out. They did not 
bayonet many after they ceased firing their guns. I was amongst 
them all the time, and they very soon left off killing, and then went 
stripping and robbing the dead and wounded, and also those that 
were not wounded. Then they ordered each one of us to march out 
to the northeast part of the parade, and those that could not go 
themselves, from their wounds, were to be helped by those who were 
well. Mr. Samuel Edgecomb, jr., and myself were ordered to take 
Ensign Charles Eldredge out of the magazine. He was a very large, 
heavy man, who had been shot in the knee-joint. We poor prisoners 
were taken out on the parade, about two rods from the gates of the 
fort, and every man ordered to sit down immediately, and if not 
obeyed at once the bayonet was to be put into him. The battle was 
then finished, which was about one o'clock in the aftei-noon; the 
enemy began to take care of their dead and wounded. The first thing 
they did was to take off six of the outer doors of the barrack, and 
with four men to a door would bring in one man at a time on each 
door. There were twenty-four men at work about two hours as fast 
as they could walk and deposit them on the west side of the parade in 
the fort, where it was the most comfortable place they could find, 
while we poor prisoners were put in the most uncomfortable spot on 
the parade, in the fort, where the sun shone down so very warm on 
us that it made us feel more unhappy. Some of the wounded men 
lay dying. Capt. Youngs Ledyard and Capt. Nathan Moore were 
among their number. I sat on the ground with the other prisoners, 
and these two fine men lay on the ground by me, Ledyard's head on 
one thigh, and Moore's head on the other. They both died that night. 
While I was with them they had their reason, and requested water 
for their thirst. I asked of the enemy water for my brother prisoners 
to drink, as well as for myself. They granted my request. The well 
was within two rods of us. I watched them when they brought the 
water to me for us to drink, to see that they did not put anything in 

Manuscript Map of New London and Groton with the Attacks on Forts Trumbull and Griswold 

Reproduced from original colored drawing in the Faden Collection of Maps in the Library of Congress 

By kind permission of The Burrows Brothers Company, Cleveland, Ohio, Publishers of Aiery's 

'•'■ History of the United States and Its People" 


The Seventh Generation 379 

it to poison us; for they had repeatedly said that we must die before 
the sun went down, because that was in the summons sent to Col. 
Wni. Ledyard that those who were not killed by the musket-ball 
should die by the sword and bayonet. But happy for us that were 
alive, they did not offer to hurt any one man, and they said that was 
a falsehood. They kept us on the ground in the garrison about two 
hours after the battle was over, and then ordered eveiy man who 
was able to walk to rise up immediately. Sentries with loaded guns 
and fixed bayonets were placed around us, with orders to shoot or 
bayonet any one that did not obey the officer. I was obliged to leave 
two dying men who were resting on me as they lay on the ground 
beside me. We marched down on the bank by the river so as to be 
ready to embark to go on board the British fleet. Then, about thirty 
of us, every man was ordered to sit down, and, as at other times, 
were surrounded with sentries. Capt. Bromfield came and took the 
names of the wounded that were able to march down with us. I sat 
where I had a fair view of the enemy's conduct. The sun was about 
half an hour high, and they were setting fire to the buildings, and 
bringing down plunder by us as we were placed at the lower part of 
the village. At the same time a large number of the enemy between 
us and the fort were getting ready to quit the ground. They loaded 
up our very large, heavy ammunition wagon, that belonged to the 
fort, with the wounded men who could not go themselves, and about 
twenty of the soldiers drew it out of the fort and brought it to the 
brow of the hill on which the fort stood, which was very steep, and 
about thirty rods distant. As soon as the enemy began to move the 
wagon down the hill, they began to put themselves in a position to 
hold it back with all their power. They found it too much for them 
to do; they released their hold on the wagon as quickly as possible, 
to prevent being run over by the wagon themselves, leaving it to run 
down the hill with great speed. It ran about twelve rods to a large 
apple-tree stump, and both shafts of the wagon struck very hard, 
and hurt the wounded men very much. A great number of the 
enemy were near where the wagon stopped, and they immediately 
ran to the wagon, and brought that and the wounded men by where 
we prisoners were sitting on the ground, and deposited them in the 
house near by, that belonged to Ensign Ebenezer Avery, who was 
one that was in the wagon when it started down the hill. Some of 
the enemy had set fire to the house before the wounded prisoners 
were placed in it, but the fire was put out by some of the others. 
Capt. Bromfield paroled the wounded men who were left, and took 
Ebenezer Ledyard, Esq., as a hostage for them left on parole, to see 
them forthcoming, if called for. By this time the enemy's boats 
came up to the shore near where we prisoners were. The officer 
spoke with a doleful sound: 'Come, you rebels, go on board the 
boats.' That touched my feelings more than anything that passed 

380 The Groton Avery Clan 

that day. I realized that I should have to leave my dear wife and my 
good neighbors and friends, and also my native land, and suffer with 
cold and hunger, as I was in the power of a cruel foe or enemy; but 
I was still in the hands of a higher power, which was a great conso- 
lation for me, for I am sensible that God has preserved my life 
through many hardships, and when in danger of losing my life many 
times in the wars, etc. When we prisoners had marched down to the 
shore, the boats that were to receive us on board were kept off where 
the water was about knee-deep, and we were marched down in two 
ranks, one on each side of the boat. The officer that had the com- 
mand very harshly ordered us to 'get on board immediately.' There 
were about twelve prisoners in a boat. They rowed us down to an 
armed sloop, commanded by one Capt. Thomas, as they called him, a 
refugee tory, who lay with his vessel within the fleet. As soon as 
they put us on board the sloop they shut us down in the hold of the 
vessel, where they had a fire for cooking, which made it very hot and 
smoky. They stopped up the hatchway, making it so close that we 
had no air to breathe. We begged that they would spare our lives, 
and they gave us some relief by opening the hatchway, and letting 
one or two of us on deck at a time during the night, but with sentries 
with guns and bayonets to watch us. They did not give us anything 
to eat for about twenty-four hours, and then only a mess made of 
hogs' brains that they caught on Groton bank, with other plunder. 
While we were on board Thomas's sloop we had nothing to eat or 
drink that we could hardly swallow. This continued about three 
days. There were a number of weapons of war where we were 
placed in the vessel, and some of the prisoners whispered together 
that there was an opportunity to make a prize of the sloop. This 
somehow got to the officers' ears, and they immediately shut us down 
in the hold of the vessel. I felt very certain that we would have to 
suffer, for they seemed so enraged that they appeared to have an 
intention to massacre us all. They soon got ready, and began to call 
us up on deck, one by one. As I came up they tied my hands behind 
me with strong yarns, binding them together, and winding the rope 
yarn so hard as to nearly bring my shoulder-blades to touch each 
other. Then they had a boat come from a fourteen-gun brig com- 
manded by a Capt. Steel, by name and nature. I was ordered to get 
over the side of the sloop without the use of my hands, the bulwarks 
above the deck being all of three feet in height, and then I had to fall 
into the boat that was to carry us to the brig, and was made to lay 
down under the seats on which the rowers sat, as though we wei'e 
brutes about to be slaughtered. After we were put on board the bi'ig, 
we were ordered to stand in one rank beside the gunwale of the 
vessel, and a spar was placed before us, leaving about one foot space 
for each man to stand in, with a sentry to nearly every man, with 
orders to bayonet or shoot anyone who offered to move. They kept 

The Seventh Generation 381 

us in that situation about two hours with the rain and cold with very 
thin clothing upon us, and then gave us liberty to go about the main 
deck, and were obliged to lie on the wet deck without anything to eat 
or drink for supper. We were on board the brig about four days, 
and then put on board a ship commanded by Capt. Scott, who 
appeared very friendly to us prisoners. He took me on the quarter 
deck with him. He was apparently about sixty years of age, and I 
remained with him until I was exchanged. Capt. Nathaniel Shaw 
came down to New York with the American flag after me and four 
young men that were made prisoners with me, that belonged to the 
garrison at Fort Griswold, and during the time of the battle behaved 
like good soldiers. General Mifflin came with the Britsh flag to meet 
the American flag. I sailed with him about twenty miles in the 
flag-boat. He asked me some questions and I gave him little or no 
information. I told him that I was very sorry that they came to 
destroy so many good men, and cause so much distress to families 
and desolation to the community, by burning so much valuable 
property; and further, that I did not believe they would gain any 
honor by it. He replied, we might thank our own countrymen for it. 
I told him that / should not. I then turned to the General and said, 
'Will you answer me a few questions?' 'As many as you pdease, 
Sir,' was his reply. I made many enquiries, and asked him how 
many of the enemy were missing that were engaged in the attack on 
Groton and New London, remarking, 'Sir, I expect you can tell us, 
as you are the Commissary of the British army.' He said, 'I find in 
the returns that there are two hundred and twenty odd missing, but 
I don't know what became of them.' Here I conclude the foregoing 
particular account from my own personal knowledge of the British 
attack and capture of Fort Griswold, and their brutal conduct at 
New London and Groton, and also of their barbarous treatment of 
the prisoners who fell into their hands.' 

Cdt^^^tr— (oAMHMf Aa^€/>^ 

Orderly Sergeant, under Captain William Latham, who commanded 
the Matross Company at Fort Griswold, Sept. 6, 1781. 

Rufus Avery was appointed ensign of the 3d company of 
militia, 8th reg't, May, 1788; lieutenant of 2d company, October, 
1789; captain of 3d company, October, 1792 {Ms. State Papers, 
Hartford) . He was a pensioner. His wife died April 6, 1836, at 
Groton ; he died July 30, 1842, at Groton. 










382 The Groton Avery Clan 

Children of Rufus and Hannah (Lord) Avery, b. at Groton: 
DAVID^ b. Oct. 9, 1781. 
Asa Lord', b. March 1, 1783. 
Rufus', b. March 7, 1785. 
Guerdon', b. Nov. 3, 1786; d. May 15, 1804. 
Lydia Lord', b. Sept. 24, 1791. 

674. Caleb ^ Avery {Ja7nes^, James'', James\ James^, James-, 
Christopher^) was b. Feb. 25, 1760, at Groton; m. Jan. 16, 1788, 
at Groton, Mary Avery (No. 681), daughter of John and Sarah 
(Belton) Avery. She was b. Dec. 25, 1769, at Groton. Caleb 
Avery entered Fort Griswold as a volunteer on the morning of 
Sept. 6, 1781. He saw Col. Ledyard killed and was himself taken 
prisoner and confined in the old sugar house at New York. He 
was a pensioner {Conn. Men in the Rev'n, p. 655). He d. April 
7, 1835 ; she d. March 4, 1853, both at Groton. 

Children of Caleb and Mary (Avery) Avery, b. at Groton: 

1678. i. Sarah Belton', b. June 25, 1790. 

1679. ii. James M.*, b. Jan. 16 ,1794. 

1680. iii. Eliza', b. Aug. 31, 1796. 

1681. iv. Robert Austin', b. Aug. 3, 1803. 

677. Eleazar" Avery {James'^, James'% James\ James^, 
James-, Christopher') was b. May 29, 1771, at Groton; m. March 
6, 1808, at Salem, Rachel Harris, dau. of Nathaniel and Mary 
(Tozer) Harris. She was b. Jan. 17, 1783. They lived at Bozrah, 
Groton, East Haddam, and Colchester. He was a merchant and 
farmer. She d. July 25, 1843; he d. Nov. 11, 1844, both at Col- 

Children of Eleazar and Rachel (Harris) Avery: 

Rachel Maria', b. Dec. 7 ,1808, at Bozrah; d. unm. 
Elizabeth Allyn', b. July 21, 1810, at Bozrah. 
Mary Harris', b. June 7, 1812, at Bozrah. 
Eleazar James', b. Jan. 6, 1815, at Bozrah. 
Harris Gilbert', b. Nov. 9, 1817, at Colchester. 
Abby Jane', b. Jan. 9, 1820, at East Haddam. 
Lydia Ann', b. Dec. 29, 1821, d. Dec. 27, 1824. 
Timothy Allen', b. Sept. 20, 1825, at Colchester. 
Lois Sarah', b. April 9, 1827; d. April 14, 1827. 

678. George Washington^ Avery (James", James\ James\ 
James^ James-, Christo^iner^) was b. Oct. 9, 1776, at Groton; m. 
Jan. 1, 1797, at Groton, Mary Allyn, dau. of Joseph and Mary 
















The Seventh Generation 383 


















(Belton) Allyn. She was b. Oct., 1774, at Groton. He was a ser- 
geant in the war of 1812, under Capt. Morgan, 1813, 1814 {Conn. 
Men in the War of 1812, p. 7). He was justice of the peace in 
North Groton, now Ledyard. She d. Nov. 1, 1847. 

Children of George Washington and Mary (Allyn) Avery, 
b. at Ledyard: 

Washington", b. Aug. 29, 1798. 

Mary'\ b. Aug. 9, 1800; d. Feb. 16, 1819, at Ledyard. 

EuNICE^ b. Feb. 22, 1803; d. y. 

ALLYN^ b. March 24, 1805. 

Joseph Allyn', b. May 13, 1807. 

Eleazar', b. April 20, 1809; d. April 1, 1889; unm. 

Belton Allyn', b. July 22, 1811; d. Sept. 28, 1858; unm. 

Sally MARIA^ b. May 31, 1813; d. Nov. 26, 1904; unm. 

Emeline^ b. Nov. 5, 1814. 

Eliza Ann-, b. March 6, 1816. 

James EDWIN^ b. March 27, 1820. 

679. Peter^ Avery (John'^, James'% James\ James^', James'-, 
Christopher^) was b. May 10, 1764, at Groton; m. October, 1787, 
at Groton, Hannah Avery (No. 746), dau. of Lieut. Parke and 
Hannah (Morgan) Avery. She was b. Sept. 9, 1770, at Groton. 
He was in the battle of Fort Griswold and was taken prisoner 
and carried to New York. He described the sufferings of the 
prisoners and often spoke of the relish with which he ate two raw 
potatoes that he purloined from the basket of an old cook. He 
became a thrifty farmer and grazier at Groton and traded ex- 
tensively in stock at the West Indies. He was made lieutenant of 
the 2d CO., 8th regt., Oct., 1801 ; captain, Nov. 29, 1803 (Ms. State 
Records, Hartford). His wife died Oct. 7, 1806, at Groton. He 
m. 2d, about 1808, at Groton, Mrs. Nancy Ann Ledyard, dau. of 
Oliver and Mary (Denison) Smith. She was b. Sept. 3, 1777, 
at Groton. He d. Oct. 17, 1845, at Groton ; she d. June 10, 1848. 
Children of Peter and Hannah (Avery) Avery, b. at Gro- 

1694. i. John Parke", b. Oct. 18, 1788. 

ii. Alfred*, b. about 1790; died young. 

iii. Thomas Jefferson', b. May 5, 1798; d. Nov. 3, 1815. 

1695. iv. Adalinb', b. July 4, 1800. 

1696. V. Hannah Ann-, b. Aug. 7, 1806. 







384 The Groton Avery Clan 

680. Jonas Belton^ Avery {Jo]m\ James\ James\ James^, 
James-, Christopher') was b. July 19, 1766, at Groton; m. July 
24, 1791, at Groton, Esther Denison, dau. of George Denison. 
He bought land in New Milford, Penn., and removed thither 
about 1813. He became an inn-keeper and in the ball room of his 
log tavern the village school was kept. He lived to see the incon- 
veniences of the border dwindle away before civilization. She d. 
at New Milford, Dec. 13, 1835 ; he d. there Feb. 2, 1836. 

Children of Jonas Belton and Esther (Denison) Avery: 

1697. i. Clarissa BELTON^ b. April 27, 1792; m. Park William 

Avery (No. 1810). 

1698. ii. Nancy Denison', b. April 1, 1794; m. Ebenezer Avery (No. 

Franklin Niles", b. Jan. 10, 1796. 
Julia', b. Jan., 1893. 
Almira Esther", b. Oct. 18, 1806, at Groton. 

682. Elizabeth Starr^ Avery (Jo/m^ James'', James*, James\ 
James-, Christopher' ) was b. Dec. 31, 1771, at Groton ; m. Nicho- 
las Street Lester, s. of David and Elizabeth (Street) Lester. He 
d. Sept. 7, 1826, at Groton; she d. about 1853, at Groton. 

Children of Nicholas Street and Elizabeth Starr (Avery) 
Lester, b. at Groton : 

i. Charlotte', b. Dec. 8, 1801; d. y. 

ii. Henry', b. Feb. 8, 1803; d. y. 

iii. Nicholas Street', b. Dec. 19, 1804; m. Frances Elizabeth 
Burdick; d. May 12, 1892, at New I,ondon. 

iv. Frances Sarah', b. May 12, 1807; m. Charles W. Strick- 

V. Adeline Elizabeth', b. May 14, 1809; m. Earl Warner; d. 
April 21, 1900. 

vi. John Henry', b. Jan. 29, 1814; m. Frances Strickland; 2d, 
Louise Smith; d. Dec. 3, 1879, at Hyde Park, 111. 

683. John Sands' Avery {Johyf', James\ James*, James\ 
James-, Christopher') was b. Aug. 19, 1782, at Groton; m. April, 
1812, Bethiah Williams, dau. of Seth and Abigail (Williams) 
Williams. She was b. Nov. 11, 1787, at Ledyard; d. there May 
29, 1817. He m. 2d, Aug. 29, 1819, at Groton, Sally Smith, dau. 
of Oliver and Mary (Denison) Smith and widow of John Clark, 
her second husband. Her first husband was Jonathan Clark. 
She was b. Aug. 28, 1779, at Stonington. John Sands Avery was 

The Seventh Generation 385 

a farmer and merchant ; was appointed ensign of 1st co., 3d reg't, 
Oct., 1804, to take rank from Sept. 27, 1804 ; was appointed lieut. 
of same co., May 22, 1805 (Ms. State Papers, Hartford) ; was a 
private in the war of 1812 in Capt. Meech's co., in 1813 ; corp. in 
Capt. Allen's co., in 1814 {Conn. Men in War of 1812, p. 7) . He 
d. Nov. 16, 1848 ; she d. March 14, 1871, both at Ledyard. 

Child of John Sands and Bethiah (Williams) Avery, b. at 
Groton : 

1702. i. Bethiah Williams', b. May 28, 1817. 

Child of John Sands and Sally (Smith) Avery, b. at Groton: 

1703. i. Sarah Sands', b. Aug. 18, 1820. 

684. Eliza' Avery (Elijah^, Johrv', James*, James^, James-, 
Christopher') was b. Dec. 1, 1771, at Groton; m. Sept. 14, 1794, 
at Groton, William Eldridge, s. of Charles and Rachel (Avery) 
Eldridge (No. 277). He was b. Dec. 14, 1769, at Groton. They 
hved at Tolland. He was one of the commissioners who laid out 
the "fire lands" for the "Connecticut sufferers" in the western 
part of the Western Reserve, Ohio. 

Child of William and Eliza (Avery) Eldridge, b. at New 

London : 

i. Frances Elizabeth", b. Dec. 10, 1806; m. Loren Pinckney 
Waldo; d. March 29, 1874, at Hartford. 

685. Caleb" Avery {Elijah^, John^, James*, James^, James'-, 
Christopher') . It has been said that he m. for his first wife. 
Prudence Avery (No. 676), dau. of James and Elizabeth (Allyn) 
Avery, but no proof has been given. He probably m. Eunice 
Avery (No. 516), dau. of George and Eunice (Avery) Avery. 
She was b. Sept. 25, 1767, at Groton. According to a tombstone 
in the Avery-Morgan biirjing-ground, Eunice Avery, relict of 
Capt. Caleb Johnson and of Caleb Avery died Sept. 15, 1829, in 
her 62d year. Caleb Johnson d. Aug. 8, 1809. According to 
family records, Caleb Avery left no children. 

686. John J. ' Avery (Elijah^, John'', James*, James^-, James-, 
Christopher^) was b. March 17, 1776, at Groton; m. Jan. 9, 
1794, at Groton, Nancy Ann Murdock, dau. of Abram and Han- 
nah (Lay) Murdock. She was b. March 29, 1773, at Westbrook. 
He was a farmer at Groton. She d. Aug. 16, 1817, at Groton. 

386 The Groton Avery Clan 

He m. 2d, Margaret Foote, dau. of Hosea and Eunice (Chamber- 
lin) Foote, and widow of Daniel Taylor of Colchester. In 1799, 
lie obtained permission from the town of Groton to call himself 
John J. Avery to distinguish himself from the many other John 
Averys. His wife d. Nov. 6, 1843, at Groton, aged 68 years; he 
d. Oct. 25, 1857, at Groton. 

Children of John and Nancy Ann (Murdock) Avery, b. at 
Groton : 

Maria M:, b. Jan. 26, 1796. 

Elijah Murdock', b. March 17, 1798; d. Nov. 27, 1836; 

Dean LAY^ b. Feb. 14, 1800; d. April 19, 1824; unm. 

George Anson", b. Jan. 28, 1802. 

Delia Ann', b. March 6, 1804. 

Carleton Murdock', b. April 24, 1806. 

Courtland', b. Dec. 18, 1807. 
viii. Erastus', b. Dec. 8, 1809. 

Albert Lay^ b. July 12, 1811. 

Oscar Fitzalen', b. May 22, 1813. 

Amanda Melvina', b. May 22, 1813, twin. 

Solon Cicero', b. May 27, 1816. 

687. Amos^ Avery (Amos^, John^, James*, James^, James'^y 
Christopher^) was b. Sept. 14, 1769, at Groton; m. (it is sup- 
posed) Tabitha Stoddard, dau. of Ichabod and Tabitha (Bill- 
ings) Stoddard. She was b. March 14, 1769, at Groton. 

Child of Amos and Tabitha (Stoddard) Avery: 
i. Sophia'. 

688. Aaron ^ Avery (Amos^, John^, James*, James^, James-, 
Christopher^) was b. Sept. 27, 1771, at Groton ; m. Feb. 26, 1798, 
at Groton, Anne Kinne, dau. of the Rev. Aaron and Anne (Mor- 
gan) Kinne. She was b. April 18, 1771, at Groton. He d. about 
1811; she d. Sept., 1849, at Tallmadge, O. 

Children of Aaron and Anne (Kinne) Avery: 

1714. i. Nancy', b. Oct. 9, 1799. 

ii. Ellsworth', b. March 11, 1801; d. in Ohio; unm. 

1715. iii. Amos', b. Nov. 22, 1802. 

691. Elijah' Avery {Amos^, John°, James*, James^, James^^ 
Christopher^) was b. Sept. 2, 1783, at Groton. David Avery (No. 
511) said he m. Lucy Babcock; Sweet, in "The Averys of Gro- 























The Seventh Generation 387 

ton," says that he m. Lucy Stoddard. He d. Sept. 2, 1806. No 
children recorded. 

693. Ebenezer^ Avery {Ebenezer^, Ebenezer^, James*, 
James% James-, Christopher') was b. Aug. 8, 1762, at Groton; m. 
Sept. 25, 1783, at Groton, Hannah Morgan, dau. of John and 
Dorothy (Avery) Morgan (No. 299). She was b. Sept. 5, 1764, 
at Groton ; d. Sept. 27, 1792, at Groton. He m. 2d, Feb. 17, 1793, 
at Groton, Mary Eldridge, dau. of Charles and Rachel (Avery) 
Eldridge (No. 277). She was b. Sept. 25, 1767, at Groton. He 
was justice of the peace, 1799 to 1832 inclusive. He was made 
ensign 3d company, 8th reg't. May, 1786 ; lieutenant. May, 1791 ; 
major, 1794; was made lieutenant-colonel commandant of the 
8th reg't of militia. May, 1800 ; representative, 1816, 1817 {Ms. 
State Palmers, Hartford). He d. Aug. 8, 1842; she d. Jan. 19, 
1854, both at Groton. 

Children of Ebenezer and Hannah (Morgan) Avery, b. at 
Groton : 

Lucy", b. June 11, 1784. 

Ebenezer', b. April 2, 1786. 

Fanny', b. April 22, 1788; m. David Avery (No. 391). 

Egbert', b. July 26, 1789. 

Clarissa', b. March 2, 1791 ; d. y. 

Jonathan', b. Sept. 6, 1792; d. y. 

Children of Ebenezer and Mary (Eldridge) Avery, b. at 

Charles Eldridge'', b. March 6, 1794. 
Henry William', b. Oct. 12, 1795. 
Mary Eldridge', b. May 15, 1798. 
Sidney', b. March 23, 1800. 
Amasa', b. Oct. 18, 1801. 
Jared Reid', b. Sept. 17, 1804. 

694, Lucy'^ Avery {Ebenezer^, Ebenezer^, James*, James^, 
James-, Christopher^) was b. April 24, 1766, at Groton; m. Jan. 
7, 1784, at Groton, William Morgan, s. of Solomon and Mary 
(Walsworth) Morgan (No. 12, vii). He was b. Sept. 7, 1758, at 
Groton. They lived at Groton, and at Scipio and Collins, N. Y. 
He d. Sept. 21, 1840 ; she d. July 20, 1844, both at Collins. 

Children of William and Lucy (Avery) Morgan: 

























388 The Groton Avery Clan 

i. Lucy'*, b. Aug. 7, 1784, at Groton; d. about 1809; unm. 

ii. William*, b. Dec. 6, 1785, at Groton; m. Rebecca Bacon; d. 

April 12, 1827, at Collins, N. Y. 
iii. Phebe', b. Nov. 27, 1787, at Groton; m. Reuben Hussey; d. 

June 8, 1855, at North Collins, N. Y. 
iv. Polly*', b. Oct. 6, 1789, at Groton; m. Russell Williams; d. 

about 1859, at Parkman, Ohio. 
V. ELIAS^ b. Sept. 26, 1791, at Groton; m. Lydia Avery (No. 

1840); 2d, Julia Avery (No. 1835), widow of John 

Spaulding; d. March 26, 1880, at North Collins, 
vi. ERASTUS^ b. Dec. 17, 1793, at Groton; m. Nancy Spaulding, 

dau. of John and Julia (Avery) Spaulding (No. 1835); 

d. Feb. 28, 1865, in Crawford Co., Penn. 
vii. Dudley^ b. Nov. 7, 1795 at Groton; m. Ann Shaw; d. 1832, 

in Ohio, 
viii. Elisha', b. Aug. 24, 1797; m. Celina R. Town, 
ix. Elizabeth*', b. Aug. 17, 1800, at Scipio, N. Y.; m. Abel 

Franklin Avery (No. 1843). 
X. Ebenezer', b. Oct. 12, 1803; m. Rebecca Maria Spaulding, 

dau. of John and Julia (Avery) Spaulding (No. 1835). 
xi. Frederick Denison*, b. July 17, 1806; m. Fidelia Ann White. 

695, Elizabeth'^ Avery {Ebenezer\ Ebenezer\ James*, 
James^, James-, Christopher^) was b. Oct. 28, 1768, at Groton; 
m. Jan. 21, 1785, at Groton, Dr. John Owen Miner, s. of Simeon 
and Mary (Owen) Miner. He was b. Jan. 9, 1762, at North 
Stonington, He was noted for his professional skill and personal 
qualifications, and as the father of a bevy of brilliant and merry 
daughters. It is said that a suitor for consent to court his daugh- 
ter, on being asked "Which one?" replied "Any one of them." 
Dr. Miner rendered aid to the wounded after the battle of Fort 
Griswold. His wife d. Aug. 25, 1837, at Groton ; he d. April 27, 
1851, at Groton. 

Children of John Owen and Elizabeth (Avery) Miner, b. at 
Groton : 

i. Betsey', b. June 18, 1789; m. Asa Lord Avery (No. 1675); 

d. Aug. 18, 1885, at Groton. 
ii. Mary', b. July 18, 1791 ; m. Dr. John Smith ; d. Oct. 5, 1856, 

at Ashtabula, Ohio, 
iii. Nancy ANGELINA^ b. Oct. 15, 1793; m. Elisha Avery (No. 

761) ; d. March 17, 1867, at Colchester, 
iv. John Owen', b. Oct. 26, 1795; m. Adeline Avery (No. 1695) ; 

d. July 22, V858, at Groton. 

The Seventh Generation 389 

V. Lucy Avery', b. March 19, 1798; m. Albert Morgan; d. Sept, 

5, 1869, at New London, 
vi. Julia Ann', b. July 28, 1800; m. Dr. Frank Stoddard; d. 

July 6, 1879, at Mystic, 
vii. Phebe Denison% b. Aug. 1, 1802; m. Dr. William Miner; d. 

Feb. 18, 1855, at New London, 
viii. Emeline Frances", b. Nov. 10, 1805; m. Capt. Nathan Fish; 

d. Jan. 9, 1872, at Mystic, 
ix. Hannah Adelia", b. Sept. 6, 1809; m. Isaac Randall; d. 

Aug. 19, 1893, at Newton, Mass. 

696. Hezekiah^ Avery (Ebenezer^, Ehenezer'', James*, 
James^, James'-, Christopher^) was b. July 20, 1772, at Groton; 
m. April 6, 1794, at Ledyard, N. Y., Mary Avery (No. 389), dau. 
of Benjamin and Mary (Burrows) Avery. She was b. March 31, 
1775, at Groton. They lived at Groton, and at Aurora and Led- 
yard, N. Y. He was ensign in John Tillotson's regiment of mili- 
tia, Cayuga Co., N. Y., in 1801; lieut., 1802; adjutant, 1806 
(Neic York Militanj Records, 178U-1821, pp. 554, 616, 820, 821, 
1145) . She d. Feb. 2, 1844 ; he d. April 10, 1854. 

Children of Hezekiah and Mary (Avery) Avery: 

1726. i. Austin-, b. July 12, 1795; m. July 13, 1817, Adalina Moses, 
ii. Albert', b. Jan. 15, 1797; d. y. 

iii. Charles Eldridge', b. May 8, 1798; d. Feb. 23, 1862; unm. 

1727. iv. Mary Ann', b. Sept. 11, 1801; m. Henry Thomas Avery 

(No. 1737). 

1728. V. Catharine Ledyard', b. Jan. 31, 1804; m. Ebenezer Avery 

(No. 1717). 

1729. vi. Harriet Elizabeth', b. Dec. 19, 1815, at Ledyard; m. Charles 

Denison Avery. 

1730. vii. Lydia Maria', b. March 25, 1818. 

697. Henry" Avery {Ebenezer", Ebenezer'', James*, James^, 
James-, Christopher') was b. Sept. 22, 1776, at Groton; m. Sept. 
20, 1798, at Groton, Lucy Morgan Fish, dau. of Thomas and Lucy 
(Morgan) Fish. She was b. Jan. 26, 1780, at Groton. David 
Avery (No. 511) visited them at Aurora, N. Y., in 1801, and 
called Henry Avery "captain." She d. Nov. 28, 1838. He m. 2d, 
Aug. 3, 1840, Mrs. Mary Lindsley. He d. May 1, 1873. 

Children of Henry and Lucy Morgan (Fish) Avery: 

1731. i. Lamira', b. May 3, 1800. 

1732. ii. Amanda*, b. July 4, 1802. 


The Groton Avery Clan 

















Alexander Hamilton', b. Aug. 23, 1804. 
Emily', b. May 6, 1807. 

Phebe Denison', b. Oct. 22, 1809; d. Aug. 8, 1840. 
Lucy M.^ b. March 12, 1812; d. May 3, 1830; unm. 
Eunice Fish', b. Sept. 14, 1814; d. April 30, 1828. 
viii. Elizabeth Morgan", b. March 1, 1817, 
Mary M.\ b. March 1, 1817; d. y, 
Henry Thomas', b. July 28, 1819. 
Rosannah Asenath', b. Dec. 13, 1821. 

698. Cyrus" Avery {Ebenezer^, Ebenezer'^, James*, James^, 
James-, Christopher'') was b. July 7, 1779, at Groton; m. Nov, 

23, 1806, at North Stonington, Phebe Hewitt, dau. of CoL Henry 
and Phebe (Morgan) Hewett. She was b. March 17, 1790, at 
Stonington. He was paymaster in Col. John Tillotson's regiment 
of Cayuga County, N, Y,, militia in 1810 ; moved from the county 
before 1814, She d, Nov, 25, 1845, at Scipio, N. Y. ; he d, Feb. 

24, 1847, at Moravia, N. Y, The division of his estate gives the 
names and locations of manv of his relatives. 

The Seventh Generation 391 

"Petition of Henry Hewett of Venice [N. Y.], sworn to March 15, 1847, 
shows that Cyrus Avery of Moravia, died February 24, 1847; that 
he left a will dated April 17, 1838, by which he appoints his wife 
executrix. The petition states that she has died. The petition 
further shows that he left as next-of-kin, Hezekiah, Daniel and 
Rebecca Morgan of Ledyard, Charles of Brutus, and Henry of 
Wayne County, Pa., being brothers and sisters of the deceased. He 
further left Ebenezer of New Milford, Pa., Phebe Hussey, Elias 
Morgan, Erastus Morgan, Ebenezer Morgan, Betsey Avery of 
Collins, N. Y., Fred Morgan of Caroline, N. Y., Amasa Avery of 
Burlington, N. Y., Russell Williams of Parkman, Ohio, Elisha 
Morgan of Gallipolis, Ohio, Ann Morgan, widow of Dudley Morgan, 
deceased, of Huion County, Ohio, Egbert Avery of Norwich, Samuel 
R. Avery and Lucy Mitchell of Groton, Henry Avery and Nathan 
Denison of Mystic, Conn., Sydney Avery of Belvidere, 111. Also the 
children of the deceased wife of John O. Miner of Groton (names 
unknown). {Surrogate's Office, Cayuga County, N. Y.). 

699. Jerusha' Avery {Latham^, Ebenezer^, James*, James^, 
James-, Christopher^) was b. Oct. 15, 1771, at Groton; m. Jan. 
28, 1790, at Groton, the Rev. Roswell Burrows, s. of the Rev. Silas 
and MaiT (Smith) Burrows. He was b. Sept. 2, 1768, at Groton. 
He was the pastor of the Fort Hill Baptist church. He d. May 
28, 1837 ; she d. Nov. 3, 1838, both at Groton. Both a'-e buried 
in the Fort Hill cemetery beside the church. 

Children of Roswell and Jerusha (Avery) Burrows, b. at 
Groton : 

i. Latham Avery-, b. Aug. 30, 1792; m. Sarah Lester; d. 

about 1855, at Buifalo, N. Y. 

ii. Jerusha AvERY^ b. June 24, 1795; d. Oct. 12, 1814; unm. 

iii. Roswell Smith^ b. Feb. 22, 1798; m. Mary Ann Randall, 

iv. Lucy Latham\ b. Jan. 18, 1801; m. Alexander Stewart. 

v. LoRENZoS b. March 5, 1805; m. Louise Lord, 

vi. Mary Esther', b. April 7, 1809; d. Oct. 7, 1814. 

vii. Julia Ann", b. Aug. 20, 1811; m. Albert Gallatin Smith. 

700. Griswold^ Avery {Grisivold'', Ebenezer', James*, James^, 
James-, Christopher^) was b. Sept. 27, 1765, at Waterford; m. 
May 26, 1793, at Waterford, Lucretia Chadwick Miller; dau. of 
George and Thankful (Chadwick) Miller. She was b. about 
1774, at LjTTie. He applied for a pension for his services as a 
waiter during the years 1779, 1780 and 1781, under his father, 
Capt. Griswold Avery, in Col. Jonathan Lattimer's regiment, and 

392 The Groton Avery Clan 









in Col. Joseph Harris's regiment; also in 1782, under Capt. 
Durkee. His application was refused because serving as a 
"waiter" was not military service {Application for Pension 
'on file in Bureau of Pensions, Washington). He was justice of 
the peace from 1798 to 1832 ; representative to the Connecticut 
legislature, 1800-1802, 1806-1808 ; ensign, 7th company, 3d reg't. 
May, 1791; lieut., May, 1792; capt., Oct., 1792 {Ms. State 
Papers, Hartford). He lived at Great Neck, Waterford, until 
1817. He d. Dec. 20, 1842, at Montville; she d. Jan. 7, 1847, at 
Waterford ; both are buried in Harbor Mouth cemetery. 

Children of Griswold and Lucretia Chadwick (Miller) 

Avery, b. at Waterford : 

i. Griswold", b. March 17, 1797; lieut. 8th company, 3rd reg't; 
d. Oct. 7, 1823, at Waterford; unm. 
Mary ANN^ b. May 5, 1801. 
Frances Lucretia', b. Jan. 15, 1805. 
George MILLER^ b. March 31, 1809. 
Elizabeth Eldridge', b. May 4, 1817. 

701. Guerdon^ Avery {GrisivoW, Ehenezer"^, James*, James^, 
James-, Christopher^) was b. April 24, 1768, at Waterford; m. 
Jan. 1, 1792, at Lyme, Eunice Powers. He was made ensign of 
the grenadier company of the 38d reg't, Oct., 1799 {Ms. State 
Papers, Hartford). He was a private in the militia in the war 
of 1812 {Coyin. Men in the War of 1812, p. 7). He d. June 11, 
1850, at Waterford. In his will, made Aug. 9, 1820, he men- 
tioned wife, Eunice, daughters, Eunice Harris and Anna Lester. 

Children of Guerdon and Eunice (Powers) Avery, b. at 

Waterford : 

1743. i. Eunice', b. Feb. 4, 1793; m. Henry Harris. 
ii. Guerdon", b. Jan. 19, 1795; d. y. 

iii. Charles', b. Oct., 1797; d. y. 

1744. iv. Anna', b. March 31, 1799; m. Amos Lester. 

702. Anna'^ Avery {GrisivoUV\ Ehenezer^, James*, James\ 
James-, Christopher^) ; m. Capt. Joseph Powers. Griswold 
Avery, her father, in his will in 1812, called her "deceased." 

Children of Joseph and Anna (Avery) Powers: 
i. Nancy'. 
ii. Joseph'. 
iii. Charles'. 

The Seventh Generation 393 

703. Charles'^ Avery (Griswold^, Ehenezer^, James\ James^, 
James'-, Christopher^) ; m. Lucy Griffing-. He was representative 
to the general assembly, 1815, 1816, 1818, 1822; w^as justice of 
the peace from 1817 to his death ; ensign, 4th company, 3rd 
reg't, May 1799 {Ms. State Papers, Hartford). He lived at 
Waterford on a farm given him by his father. He died Sept. 13, 
1825; she d. Aug. 5. 1855, aged 81, both at Waterford. 

Children of Charles and Lucy (Grifhng) Avery, b, at Water- 
ford : 

1745. i. Guerdon', b. April 12, 1797. 

1746. ii. Joseph\ b. Jan. 6, 1800. 

1747. iii. Ledyard', b. June 7, 1802. 

1748. iv. Isaac Raymond", b. May 27, 1805. 

1749. V. Nancy', b. May 27, 1805. 

1750. vi. Hannah Raymond^ b. Aug. 8, 1814. 

704. Polly' Avery (Grisivold'^, Ebenezer^, James*, James^, 
James", Christopher'-) ; m. Oct. 12, 1809, at Waterford, Daniel 

Children of Daniel and Polly (Avery) Ste^^ard: 
Lucy Ann*. 
iii. Charles Avery*. 

705. Elihu' Avery {Elihii'\ Ehenezer^, James*, James^, 
James-, Christopher^) ; m. Nancy Eldridge, dau. of Daniel and 
Betsey (Turner) Eldridge, "Nancy, consort of Elihu Avery, 
died March 5, 1818, aged 43" (Avery-Morgan bwying-ground) . 
He m. 2d,~ Mrs. Hannah West, dau. of Joseph and (Brad- 
ford) Latham and widow of Capt. Jesse B. West. He was a 
blacksmith and farmer. He d. July 17, 1830, aged 52, at Groton. 
She d. June 30, 1849, at Albion, N. Y. 

Children of Elihu and Nancy (Eldridge) Avery, b. at Gro- 

1751. i. Emily", b. Jan. 8, 1801. 

1752. ii. Nancy Eldridge\ b. April 30, 1803; m. Robert Austin 

Avery (No. 1681). 

1753. iii. Amanda Malvina', b. June 30, 1806; m. Urbane Avery (No. 

iv. Fernando', b. Aug. 1, 1808; d. y. 

394 The Groton Avery Clan 

V. Fanny', b. May 10, 1811; d. July 8, 1869, at Mount Vernon, 

N. Y. ; unm. 
vi. Elihu', b. April 25, 1813; d. y. 
vii. Charles*, b. Feb. 26, 1818; d. y. 
viii. Demetrius', b. Feb. 26, 1818; d. y. 

Child of Elihu and Hannah (Latham) Avery, b. at Groton: 
1754. i. Ellen Holdredge", b. July 17, 1819. 

706. Cynthia' Avery {Elihu^, Ehenezey^^, James*, James^, 
James-, Christopher'^) ; m. Ebenezer Lester, s. of Thomas and 
Mary (Allyn) Lester. He was b. Dec. 2, 1766, at Groton. 
Children of Ebenezer and Cynthia (Avery) Lester: 
i. Cynthl\', d. unm. 
ii. Ebenezer", m. Clarissa Williams, 
iii. Maria*", m. Joseph Peters; lived at Venice, N. Y. 
iv. Elihu AvERY^ b. Aug. 21, 1798; m. Lucy Bacon; d. Sept., 

1885, at Lansing, Mich. 
V. Harriet'*, m. Alexander Meade, 
vi. Solon', m. Nancy Ellsworth; 2d, Polly Kimball, 
vii. Elias^ d. unm. 
viii. Herman^ m. Chloe Clark; lived at Clarence, N. Y. 

708. Edward' Avery {James^, Theophiliis'% Edward*, James^, 
James-, Christopher') was b. May 3, 1764, at Groton; m. Pris- 
cilla Palmer, daii. of Nehemiah and Mary Palmer (David Avery 
ms.) . She was bap. Oct. 14, 1764, First Church of Stonington. 
He d. at sea, Dec, 1795. 

709. Abigail" Avery (James^, TJieophilus^, Edward*, James^, 
James-, Christopher'^) was b. March 3, 1767, at Groton; m. March 
14, 1793, at Groton, Stanton Sholes, s. of Abel and Lucy Sholes. 
He was b. March 14, 1772, at Groton. About 1803, he moved to 
New York State and later to Pennsylvania. He was a captain 
of artillery in the war of 1812 (Family Records) . She d. May 
11, 1853, at Freedom, Penn. ; he d. Feb. 14, 1865, at Columbus, 0. 

Children of Stanton and Abigail (Avery) Sholes, b. at Gro- 

i. Mahala', b. May 24, 1794; d. y. 

ii. James Avery", b. Feb. 19, 1796; m. Hays; 2d, 

Purdie; d. about 1874, at Rochester, Penn. 

iii. Lucy', b. Dec. 29, 1797; m. Knox. 

iv. Stanton', b. Dec. 13, 1799; m. Sarah Elizabeth Munden; d. 
July, 1891, at Allegheny, Penn. 

The Seventh Generation 395 

710. James" Avery (Ja77ies^, Theophiliis'', Edivard*, James^, 
James'-, Christopher^) was b. Nov. 19, 1769, at Groton; m. Jan. 
13, 1791, at Groton, Mercy Allyn, dau. of Samuel and Mary 
(Wood) Allyn (No. 113, ii). James Avery and his wife Mercy, 
June 13, 1796, deeded to their brother Samuel Allyn land that 
they inherited from her father, Samuel Allyn {Groton Deeds, 
13:74). He d. May 22, 1813, at Groton; she m. 2d, William 
Short, and d. Nov. 19, 1849, at Hartland, Vt., aged 80 years. 

Children of James and Mercy (Allyn) Avery, b. at Groton: 

1755. i. WiLLiAivi Billings', b. Feb. 21, 1793; probably d. y. 

1756. ii. SABRINA^ b. Jan. 30, 1796. 

1757. iii. Salacia', b. March 4, 1801. 

1758. iv. Phebe Ann", b. Feb. 15, 1803. 

1759. V. AsENATH^ b. Sept. 6, 1806. 

1760. vii. MARY^ b. March 4, 1809. 

711. Theophilus' Avery {James^, Theophilus^', Edward*, 
James^, James-, Christopher'') was b. Nov. 3, 1774, at Groton; m. 
March 26, 1797, at Groton, Margery Newton, dau. of Abel New- 
ton. She was b. June 5, 1775, at Groton. He was a private in 
the war of 1812 (Coim. Men in the War of 1812, p. 7). She d. 
Oct. 1, 1849; he d. Jan, 1, 1870, at Ledyard, formerly the North 
Parish of Groton. 

Children of Theophilus and Margery (Newton) Avery, b. in 
the North Parish of Groton, now Ledyard : 

1761. i. Clara', b. Dec. 23, 1797. 

1762. ii. Billings', b. Sept. 19, 1802. 

iii. Emily Newton', b. Nov. 6, 1807; d. Feb. 13, 1892; unm. 

712. Joshua"^ Avery (James^, Theophilus^, Edivard*, James^, 
James-, Christopher^) was b. Aug. 10, 1776, at Groton; m. April 
1, 1798, Hannah Avery (No. 834), dau. of Thomas and Hannah 
(Smith) Aver\. She was b. Dec. 13, 1772, at Groton. He was 
made ensign 2d company, 3d reg't. May, 1802; captain, Oct. 15, 
1805; major, Oct., 1808 {Ms. State PajJers, Hartford). He d. 
June 4, 1817, at NeM' London. 

"Hannah, late consort of Joshua Avery, died at New London, Nov. 20, 
1820, aged 48 years." 

Children of Joshua and Hannah (Avery) Avery, b. at New 
London : 

396 The Groton Avery Clan 

i. Orlando', b. Jan. 1, 1799; d. Nov. 13, 1824, at New London; 
1764 ii. Lavinia\ b. Dec. 18, 1801. 

1765. iii. James% b. March 5, 1804. 

iv. EDWARD^ b. Dec. 10, 1806; d. March 8, 1812. 

1766. V. DWIGHT^ b. Sept. 19, 1811. 

713. Polly' Avery (James'^, Theophiliis-', Edward*, James\ 
James-, Christopher'^) was b. Dec. 19, 1778, at Groton; m. Feb. 
28, 1801, at Groton, Asa Comstock, s. of Nathan and Mary 
(Green) Comstock. He was b. Aug. 12, 1770, at Montville. She 
d. April 30, 1842 ; he d. Nov. 2, 1848, both at Montville. 

Children of Asa and Polly (Avery) Comstock, b. at Mont- 
ville : 

i. William Avery', b. Aug. 13, 1803; m. Mary E. Hewett. 
ii. Reuben^ b. March 13, 1805; d. May 28, 1837. 

714. Sarah" Avery {James'^, Theophilus^, Edivard*, James^, 
James-, Christopher'^) was b. March 3, 1781, at Groton; m. Jan. 
18, 1801, at Groton, Amos Lester, s. of Amos and Anna (Lester) 
Lester. He was b. March 25, 1776, at Groton. He d. Aug. 11, 
1842 ; she d. Aug. 16, 1872, both at Ledyard, formerly the North 
Parish of Groton. 

Children of Amos and Sarah (Avery) Lester, b. at Groton 
North Parish, now Ledyard : 

i. Anna% b. July 20, 1801; m. Oliver S. Tyler; d. April 23, 

1882, at Norwich, 
ii. Lydia', b. Dec. 19, 1802; m. Erastus Brewster Kimball; d. 

March, 1888, at Mystic. 
iii. Amos Avery\ b. March 31, 1805; d. Aug. 28, 1807. 
iv. Isaac Avery', b. March 1, 1810; m. Mary Chapman; d. June 

26, 1889. 
V. Eliza Maria', b. July 26, 1813; m. Asa Lyman Lester; 2d, 

Asa Allyn. 

715. Cynthia'^ Avery (Theophilus'', Theophiliis^, Edivard*, 
James'\ James-, Christopher^) was b. June 22, 1784, at North 
Parish of Groton (now Ledyard) ; m. Nathan Brewster, s. of 
Nathan Brewster, of Preston. She d. Nov. 29, 1814. 

716. Erastus' Avery {Theophilus''', Theophilus^, Edivard*, 
James\ James-, Christopher^) was b. April 22, 1787, at North 









The Seventh Generation 397 

Parish of Groton (now Ledyard) ; m. Sarah Morgan. He was a 

carpenter and lived at Middletown. 

Children of Erastus and Sarah (Morgan) Avery, b. at Mid- 
dletown : 




ICHABOD\ b. Aug. 25, 1817. 

718. Lydia^ Avery {Theophilus'^, TheojDhilus'^ Edward*, 
James% James-, ChristojjJier') was b. Oct. 15, 1792, at North 
Parish of Groton (now Ledyard) ; m. May 30, 1818, at Groton, 
Thomas Roach, s. of Thomas and Thankful (Baker) Roach. He 
was b. June 8, 1792, at Groton. He served in the war of 1812. 
He d. May 15, 1875; she d. Oct. 11, 1878, both at Ledyard. 

Children of Thomas and Lydia (Avery) Roach, b. at Led- 

i. Sidney Avery', b. March 13, 1819; m. Isabel Settle (Little?) ; 

d. Oct. 8, 1875, at Ledyard. 
ii. Delia Ann', b. Feb. 12, 1821; m. Daniel Main; d. Aug:. 17, 

1842, at Ledyard. 
iii. Lucy Angeline', b. Dec. 25, 1822; m. Simeon A. Stoddard, 
iv. Albert Billings\ b. March 18, 1825; d. Nov. 23, 1847, in 

Maryland; unm. 
V. Erastus Nelson", b. Nov. 13, 1829; m. Mrs. Emma Jane 

vi. Frank Van Rensselaer', b. May 21, 1833; m. Mary Bur- 
vii. Calvin H.', b. Aug. 8, 1839; m. Maria J. Lamb. 

729. Fanny'' Avery {Benajah^, Asa^, Edtuard\ James^, 
James-, Christopher') ; m. Nov. 30, 1795, at Groton, James 
AUyn, s. of James and Anna (Stanton) Allyn (No. 112, v). He 
was b. Oct. 22, 1769, at Groton. 

Children of James and Fanny (Avery) Allyn, b. at Groton: 

i. Benajah Avery', b. Nov. 27, 1796. 

ii. James Stanton', b. Oct. 21, 1799. 

iii. Mary Ann Caroline', b. .Jan. 20, 1802. 

iv. Albert Munroe', b. July 28, 1805. 

V. Francis Williams', b. May 21, 1810. 

The Groton Avery Clan 

730. Sabra^ Avery {Benajah^, Asw', Edwarcl\ James^, 
James'-, Christopher^) was b. Dec. 2, 1777, at Groton; m. Aug. 4, 
1798, at Groton, Paul Frederick Niles, s, of Thomas Northrop 
and Anna (Avery) Niles (No. 323). He was b, July 22, 1772, at 
Groton. He d. Dec. 3, 1849 ; she d. Dec. 29, 1850, both at New 
York City. 

Children of Paul Frederick and Sabra (Avery) Niles: 

i. Almira\ b. May 11, 1799, at Groton; d. May 14, 1871, at 

Flushing, Long Island, N. Y. 
ii. Thomas Northrop", b. Nov. 11, 1800, at Groton; d. April 

29, 1853, at Pontotoc, Miss, 
iii. Phebe Avery\ b. March 1, 1803, at Groton; d. Sept. 29, 

1814, at Groton. 
iv. Frederick Montallen', b. April 13, 1805, at Groton; d. 

Nov. 12, 1831. 
V, Julia Ann\ b. Feb. 18, 1808, at Groton; m. Walter Jaggar; 

d. March 12, 1877, at Flushing, Long Island, N. Y, 
vi. Mary Elizabeth Charlotte", b. April 22, 1814, at New York 

City; m. Augustus Jaggar; d. Jan. 14, 1891, at Philadel- 
phia, Penn. 
vii. Robert M.\ b. July 24, 1816, at New York City; d. Jan. 16, 

1843, at New York City. 

731. Bridget Avery (Benajah''\ Asa^, Echuard*, James^, 
James-, Christopher') was b. June 13, 1780, at Groton; m. June 
24, 1804, at Groton, Silas Northrop Niles, s. of Thomas Northrop 
and Anna (Avery) Niles (No. 323). He was b. Jan. 10, 1777. 
She d. Dec. 22, 1805 ; he d. Aug. 2, 1826, both at Groton. 

Child of Silas Northrop and Bridget (Avery) Niles, b. at 

Groton : 

i. Hiram\ b. April 18, 1805; m. Chloe Robinson. 

732. Polly' Avery {Benajah^, Aso/\ Edivard*, James^, 
James-, Christopher') ; m. Feb. 22, 1804, at Groton, Sanford 
Stoddard, s. of Ichabod and Tabitha (Bilhngs) Stoddard. He 
was b. July 25, 1778, at Groton. 

Children of Sanford and Polly (Avery) Stoddard, b. at 

Groton : 

i. Emelia Avery^, b. Dec. 28, 1804; m. John Woodward Minor, 

ii. Bridget NILES^ b. Feb. 12, 1807; m. Asaph Hurlbutt. 

iii. Sophia', b. March 4, 1809. 

iv. Amelia^ b. July 5, 1811. 

The Seventh Generation 399 

V. Sanford Billings', b. Dec. 4, 1813. 
vi. William Avery', b. April 18, 1816. 
vii. Albert Munroe^ b. July 18, 1818. 
viii. Polly Cordelia\ b. Feb. 20, 1821. 

733. Prentice" Avery (Daniel'^, Asa^, Edivard^, Janies^, 
James'-, Christopher^) was b. July 19, 1781, at North Parish of 

Groton (now Ledyard). He is said to have m. Mary 

and to have left two sons, Asa and Anson. He d. May 31, 1831, 
at Ledyard. 

Children of Prentice and Mary Avery: 

1780. i. AsA^ 

1781. ii. Anson'. 

734. Anson' Avery {Daniel^', Asa^, Echvard*, James^, 
James'-, Christopher'^) was b. Feb. 4, 1786, at North Parish of 
Groton (now Ledyard) ; m. Feb. 2, 1812, Eunice Avery (No. 
1812), dau. of Youngs and Eunice (Latham) Avery. She was 
b. Feb. 2, 1792, at Groton. He was made ensign, 9th company, 
8th reg't, 1810; captain, Aug. 22, 1811 (Ms. State Papers, Hart- 
ford). He served through the war of 1812 (Conn. Men in the 
War of 1812, p. 7). He was representative to the Conn. Assem- 
bly in 1836 and 1837 ; selectman of Ledyard ; a Democrat in 
politics. He d. Feb. 2, 1860 ; she d. Oct. 26, 1873. 

Children of Anson and Eunice (Avery) Avery: 
i. SYBIL^ b. Dec. 20, 1812; d. Aug. 21, 1822. 

1782. ii. Benajah Austin', b. Feb. 22, 1817, at Groton. 

1783. iii. Augustus', b. Aug. 31, 1821, at Poquetanuck. 

1784. iv. AuGUSTA^ b. Aug. 31, 1821; m. Park Stephen Avery (No. 


738. Moses' Avery (Daniel'^, Asa'\ Edivard\ Jaynes^, 
James'-, Christopher') was b. Nov. 19, 1799, at North Parish of 
Groton (now Ledyard) ; m. Andromache Giddings, dau. of An- 
drew and Catharine (Andrus) Giddings. He d. Jan, 29, 1824, at 
Ledyard. She m. 2d, a Mr. Chapman. 

Child of Moses and Andromache (Giddings) Avery: 
i. MosES% b. July 25, 1824; d. y. 

739. Oliver"^ Avery (David^, Asa'% Edward*, James^, 
James-, Christopher^) was b. Sept. 29, 1784, at Groton; m. Dec. 
29, 1808, Jane Lumley. He d. Sept. 27, 1848. 

400 The Groton Avery Clan 

Children of Oliver and Jane (Lumley) Avery: 
i. Harriet"; d. y. 

1794. ii. Mary Ann''; m. Luther Crosby. 

740. Asa" Avery {David^, Asa^, Edward*, James^, James-, 
Christopher^) was b. Jan. 21, 1786; said to have m. a Miss 
Hinckley, and to have had one child. He d. Oct. 25, 1838. 

Child of Asa and (Hinckley) Avery: 

1795. i. Asa'. 

741. Sophia^ Avery {David^, Asa^, Edivard\ James^, James-, 
Christopher^) was b. Nov. 2, 1788; said to have m. Joel Norton, 
and to have had the following children : 

Children of Joel and Sophia (Avery) Norton: 

i. Maria'. 

ii. Celesta'. 

iii. Elizabeth". 

iv. Mary*. 

V. Christine*. 

vi. Joel*. 

vii. DwiGHT\ 

742. Alfred^ Avery (Da^•^V/^ Asa'% Edivard\ James', James-, 
Christopher') was b. Feb. 2, 1791, at Groton; m. Oct. 15, 1815, 
at Stockbridge, Mass., Elizabeth Pease, dau. of Phineas and 
Betsey (Lawrence) Pease. She was b. Oct. 16, 1788, at Stock- 
bridge. He was a wagon maker at Stockbridge ; emigrated to 
Brownhelm, Ohio; later to Oberlin, Ohio, where he d. June 9, 
1852. She d. Dec. 12, 1855, at Oberlin. 

Children of Alfred and Elizabeth (Pease) Avery, b. at 

Brownhelm : 

Harriet\ b. Oct. 14, 1819. 
Sarah\ b. Sept. 13, 1821. 

Martha\ b. Nov. 13, 1823; m. Oct. 21, 1847, William Jona- 
than Chaney; 2d, Joseph Creamer; no children. 
Cyrus*, b. Dec. 9, 1825. 
Egbert*, b. Jan. 23, 1829. 
Henry*, b. Feb. 13, 1831. 

743. Austin" Avery {David'^, Asa^, Edward*, James^, James-, 
Christopher' ) was b. Dec. 1, 1794 ; m. April, 1817, at Curtisville, 
Conn., Sarah Hill. They moved to East Bloomfield, N. Y. He d. 
about 1866 ; she d. Sept. 20, 1875. 













The Seventh Generation 401 

744. Shubael' Avery {David^, Asa^, Ediuard*, James^, 
James-, Christopher^) was b. Oct. 26, 1797, probably at Preston; 
m. Aug. 21, 1851, at Stockbridge, Mass., Mary Crosby. He d. 
Aug. 2, 1870. No children. 

745. Youngs' Avery {Parke^, Parke^-, Ehenezer\ James^, 
James-, Christopher') was b. April 2, 1767, at Groton ; m. Sept. 
23, 1787, at Groton, Eunice Latham, dau. of William and Eunice 
(Forsythe) Latham (No. 68, ii). She was b. Feb. 18, 1767, at 
Groton. His death is recorded on the books of the Baptist 
church, at Mystic, as May 30, 1837; she d. Fet). 6, 1852, at 

Children of Youngs and Eunice (Latham) Avery, b. at 
Groton : 

Park William', b. Sept. 20, 1788. 

Mary", b. Jan. 19, 1790. 

Eunice', b. Feb. 2, 1792; m. Anson Avery (No. 734). 

Hannah', b. March 3, 1794. 

Nancy S.^ b. March 4, 1796. 

Lucy*, b. Nov. 2, 1798. 

1816. vii. Latham Youngs', b. Dec. 1, 1800. 

747. Thomas' Avery {Parke^, Parke^, Ebenezer*, James^, 
James-, Christopher') was b. Dec. 27, 1778, at Groton; m. Nov. 
20, 1803, at Groton, Sally Rogers, dau. of Amos and Sarah 
(Phillips) Rogers. He was representative from Groton, in 1819; 
justice of the peace for many years (Ms. State Papers, Hart- 
ford) . 

Children of Thomas and Sally (Rogers) Avery, b. at Gro- 

1817. i. Hannah", b. May 22, 1804; m. Latham Youngs Avery (No. 


1818. ii. Fanny', b. Oct. 17, 1805; m. March 21, 1824, at Groton, 

James S. Mitchel. No children. 

1819. iii. Delia Rogers', b. April 6, 1808. 

iv. James Madison% b. April 14, 1811; d. y. 

1820. V. Sally Augustus', b. April 24, 1812. 

1821. vi. Thomas Jefferson', b. June 9, 1815. 

1822. vii. Park Stephen', b. Sept. 21, 1817. 

1823. viii. Mary Abby% b. Feb. 22, 1821; m. Benajah Austin Avery 

(No. 1782). 













402 The Groton Avery Clan 

748. Cyrus' Avery {Jasper^''', Parke-', Ebenezer*, James^y 
James'-, Christopher') was b. Nov. 15, 1768, at Groton; m. Feb. 
>8, 1792, at Groton, Micah Bailey, claii. of Obadiah and Azubah 

(Rogers) Bailey. She was b. June 19, 1765, at Groton. He d. 
Dec. 20, 1831 ; she d. April 12, 1852, both at Groton. 

Children of Cyrus and Micah (Bailey) Avery, b. at Groton: 
i. Maria E A b. Dec. 12, 1792; d. July 25, 1834; unm. 

1824. ii. Sally\ b. Dec. 20, 1794. 

iii. Cyrus', b. March 30, 1797; d. March 14, 1821; unm. 

1825. iv. CoRNELiA\ b. Aug. 30, 1799. 

1826. V. Marvin Bailey', b. May 17, 1802. 

1827. vi. Urbane', b. Jan. 7, 1806. 

749. Mary' Avery (Jasper^, Parke-', Ehenezer*, James^, 
James'-, Christopher') ; m. Dec. 16, 1787, Daniel Burrows, s. of 
Silas and Mary (Smith) Burrows. He was b. Oct. 28, 1766. He 
was a Methodist minister; lived at Middletown and Groton; 
was elected at large to represent Connecticut in the seventeenth 
congress, serving 1821, 1822; was a Democrat. He d. Jan. 23, 
1858, at Groton. 

Children of Daniel and Mary (Avery) Burrows: 
i. Daniel*; m. Olive White. 
ii. Mary'; m. David Tarbox. 
iii. Silas'; m. Lucy Smith. 
iv. Gilbert'; m. Charlotte Smith. 
V. Urbane'; m. Emeline Lord; was a Methodist class leader; 

associate judge, at Gibson, Penn., where he d. July 15, 

1882, aged 83 years. No children, 
vi. Francis'; m. Abby M. Lord, 
vii. Edward'; d. unm. 
viii. Leonard', b. July 2, 1807, at Hebron, Conn.; m. Charlotte 

Ann Smith; d. Oct. 29, 1868, at Middletown. 
ix. Elizabeth', m. Capt. Clift. 

750. Elizabeth ' Avery {Jasper^, Parke'', Ehenezer\ James"", 
James-, Christopher') was b. Oct. 16, 1772, at Groton; m. April 
1, 1792, at Groton, John BoUes, s. of Samuel and Margaret 
(Moore) Bolles. He was b. Aug. 17, 1767, at Montville. They 
moved to Wilkesbarre, Pa., in 1809 ; later to Susquehanna county, 
where she d. July 31, 1859 ; he d. May 8, 1860, same county. 

Children of John and Elizabeth (Avery) Bolles, b. at New 
London : 

The Seventh Generation 403 

i. AvERY\ b. Feb. 15, 1794; m. Eunice Witter; d. March, 1881, 

at Dimock, Penn. 
ii. Andrew', b. April 25, 1796; m. Susan Beardsley; d. Nov., 

iii. Maria-, b. Sept. 6, 1798; m. Phineas Arms; d. Oct. 29, 1881. 
iv. Stephen', b. March 24, 1801; m. Emily Horton; d. Sept. 5, 

V. Eliza*, b. Dec. 6, 1806; m. Thomas Johnson. 

751. Jasper"^ Avery (Jasper^, Parke% Ebenezer*, James^, 
James-, Christopher^) ; m. Catharine Copp, dau. of Joseph and 
Rachel (Denison) Copp. She was b. Oct. 7, 1775, at Groton, He 
was captain of a vessel running from New London to Savannah, 
and was lost at sea, March 29, 1800. She m. 2d, Jasper Morgan 
(No. 82, iv). She d. July 7, 1822, at Washington, Mass. 

Children of Jasper and Catharine (Copp) Avery, b. at 
Groton : 

1828. i. Frederick', b. Dec. 23, 1796. 

1829. ii. Charlotte E.^ b. April 1, 1798. 
iii. Jasper", b. June, 1800; d. in 1810. 

754. Elizabeth' Avery (Ebenezer'^, Parke^, Ebeneze?'*, 
James^, James-, Christopher^) was bap. July 16, 1769, First 
Church of Groton ; m. Oct. 13, 1802, at Groton, Jesse Williams, 
s. of Caleb and Freelove (Fanning) Williams. He was b. June 
28, 1774, at Groton. Capt. Jesse Williams d. Feb. 26, 1839 ; his 
wife d. Jan. 8, 1843, both at Groton. 

Children of Jesse and Elizabeth (Avery) Williams, b. at 

Groton : 

i. Eliza-, b. Dec. 22, 1803; m. Nathaniel Denison Smith; d. 
Dec. 15, 1848. 

ii. Caleb Minor", b. March 20, 1806; m. Sabra Gallup; d. Jan. 
18, 1886. 

iii. Alonzo*, b. June 26, 1808; m. Hannah Fish Latham; d. 
Sept. 3, 1868, at Mystic. 

iv. Ebenezer Avery", b. June 7, 1811; d. y. 

V. Lydia Ann', b. May 1, 1813; d. May 14, 1895; unm. 

vi. Frederick Avery", b. May 11, 1816; m. Caroline Fish Mor- 
gan; 2d, Caroline Louise Stoddard; d. Oct. 11, 1873, at 

755. Ebenezer"^ Avery {Ebenezer'^, Parke-', Ebenezer*, James^, 
James-, Christopher^) was b. March 4, 1771, at Groton; m. Aug. 
30; 1792, at Groton, Deborah Avery (No. 398), dau. of Daniel 

404 The Groton Avery Clan 

and Deborah (Avery) Avery. She was b. Jan. 12, 1774, at Gro- 
ton. They moved to Scipio, N, Y., and later to Collins, now N. 
Collins. She d. Dec. 5, 1840 ; he d. Dec. 12, 1844, both at North 

Children of Ebenezer and Deborah (Avery) Avery: 

1835. i. JULIA% b. April 23, 1793, at Groton. 

1836. ii. ASHER Rosseter", b. July 29, 1794, at Groton. 

1837. iii. LAVINIA^ b. May 29, 1796, at Scipio, N. Y. 

1838. iv. Parke', b. April 23, 1798, at Scipio. 

1839. V. Latham", b. April 25, 1800, at Scipio. 

1840. vi. LYDIA^ b. Jan. 7, 1802, at Scipio. 

1841. vii. Deborah', b. June 4, 1803, at Scipio. 

1842. viii. Eliza", b. March 15, 1805, at Scipio. 

1843. ix. Abel Franklin", b. June 2, 1806, at Scipio. 

1844. X. Lucy L.', b. Nov. 24, 1809, at Scipio. 

1845. xi. Sally Anne', b. Nov. 23, 1811, at Scipio. 

xii. Ebenezer", b. Aug. 29, 1813, at Scipio; d. Jan. 7, 1894; unm. 
xiii. Mary Charlotte", b. Dec. 27, 1817, at Scipio; d. y. 

758. Frances' Avery (Ebenezer'^, Parke\ Ebenezer*. James^, 
James^, ChristoqjJier^) was b. Aug. 4, 1787, at Groton; m. Sept. 
11, 1806, at Groton, Walter Burdick, s. of Walter and Betsey 
(Franklin) Burdick. He was b. Feb. 29, 1784, at Groton. He d. 
Oct. 31, 1826, at Tolland; she d. July 11, 1852, at Springfield, 

Children of Walter and Frances (Avery) Burdick : 

i. Frances Elizabeth^ b. July 2, 1807, at Groton; m. Nicholas 

Street Lester; d. Feb. 28, 1884. 
ii. Alonzo", b. Dec. 19, 1809, at Ellington; m. Lucy Lewis; d. 

Dec. 19, 1882. 
iii. Julia Ann^ b. April 7, 1815, at Tolland; m. Henry Clarke 

Miner; d. May 19, 1871. 
iv. Mary Catharine", b. June 8, 1818, at Tolland; d. April 15, 

V. William Ledyard Avery^, b. March 23, 1821, at Tolland; m. 

Harriet A. Parsons. 

759. John Coleman" Avery (Ebenezer^, Parke^, Ebenezer'^, 
James^, James-, Christo'pheT'^) was b. May 18, 1792, at Groton; 
m. Dec. 23, 1813, at Cincinnati, 0., Nancy Satterly, dau. of Capt. 
Stephen and Margaret (Barron) Satterly. She was b. May 30, 
1789, at Sag Harbor, N. Y. ; d. Sept. 10, 1828, at Cincinnati. He 

The Seventh Generation 405 

m. 2d, Oct. 29, 1829, at Cincinnati, Lydia Robinson, dau. of John 
and Mary (Dresher) Robinson. She was b. Jan. 8, 1801, at 
Chestnut Hill, near Philadelphia. John Coleman Avery moved 
from Groton to Cincinnati in 1809. He was a lieutenant in the 
army of the Northwest in the war of 1812 ; returned to Cincin- 
nati and engaged in the hardware business; was soon elected 
marshal of the city; in 1828, was elected sheriff of Hamilton 
County; was re-elected three times to that important ofRce; 
during the later part of his life, he engaged in profitable real 
estate transactions. He d. Feb. 1, 1850, at Cincinnati; his widow 
d. Aug. 3, 1880, at College Hill, Ohio. 

Child of John Coleman and Nancy (Satterly) Avery, b. at 
Cincinnati : 

1848. i. Charles L'Hommedieu', b. Aug. 25, 1815. 

Children of John Coleman and Lydia (Robinson) Avery, b. 
at Cincinnati : 

i. Mary Frances', b. Oct. 8, 1831; d. Oct. 7, 1894, at Cincin- 
William Ledyard', b. Nov. 21, 1833. 
Anna Maria', b. Aug. 8, 1836. 
LouiSA% b. Nov. 21, 1838. 

Orlando', b. Feb. 15, 1841; d. Nov. 24, 1894, at College Hill; 
vi. Elmira L'Hommedieu', b. Oct. 12, 1843; d. Jan. 1, 1860, at 
1851. vii. John Coleman', b. Dec. 29, 1846; Harvard Col., 1872; 
Address "The Groton," Cincinnati. 

760. Eliza' Avery (Stephen'^, Parke^, Ebenezer\ James^, 
James-, Christopher^) was b. March 23, 1821, at Groton ; m. May 
10, 1838, at Stonington, Elias Billings Brown, s. of Elias and 
Mary Louise (Burrows) Brown. He was b. July 3, 1817, at 
Stonington. He d. Oct. 28, 1887 ; she d. Feb. 20, 1893. 

Children of Ehas Billings and Eliza (Avery) Brown, bap. 
First Church of Stonington : 

i. Stephen Avery'; bap. June 3, 1849. 

ii. Elias Everett'; bap. Sept. 29, 1850. 

iii. Mary Fanny'; bap. July 6, 1856; m. Frederick Denison. 

iv. Charles'; bap. Dec, 1859. 







406 The Groton Avery Clan 

761. Elisha" Avery {Simeon'', Parke'% Ebenezer*, James-, 
James-, Christopher^) was b. Dec. 11, 1780, at Groton; m. Dec. 
17, 1801, at Groton, Mary H. Avery (No. 852), dau. of Isaac and 
Lucy (Swan) Avery. She was b. July 18, 1780, at Groton (now 
Ledyard) ; d. April 10, 1810, at Groton. He m. 2d, Nov. 18, 1810, 
at Groton, Nancy Angelina Miner, dau. of John Owen and 
Elizabeth (Avery) Miner (No. 695) . She was b. Oct. 15, 1793, 
at Groton. He was made lieut., 3d co., 8th reg't. May, 1804; 
capt., Oct. 3, 1806; major, same regiment, Feb., 1809; served as 
major of 8th regiment through the War of 1812 {Ms. State 
Papers, Hartford; Conn. Men in the War of 1812, p. 7). He 
was a merchant; a man of wealth; prominent in church and 
society. He d. Aug. 21, 1823; she d. March 12, 1867, both at 

Child of Elisha and Mary H. (Avery) Avery, b. at Groton: 

1852. i. Elisha Simeon', b. Jan. 9, 1806. 

Children of Elisha and Nancy Angelina (Miner) Avery: 

1853. 1. Mary Angelina', b. Jan. 8, 1812, at Groton. 

1854. ii. Nancy Emeline', b. Aug. 7, 1813, at Groton. 

1855. iii. Edwin Miner', b. Sept. 10, 1815, at Groton. 

1856. iv. Orrin Williams', b. April 6, 1818, at Groton. 

1857. V. Julia Stoddard", b. Feb. 11, 1820, at Groton. 

vi. John Owen', b. May 30, 1822, at Colchester; d. y. 

762. Robert Niles' Avery {Simeon"", Parked Ebenezer\ 
James\ James-, Christopher^) was b. Sept. 1, 1785, at Groton; 
m. June 19, 1806, at Groton, Mary (Polly) Hudson, dau. of 
Phineas and Margaret Hudson. She was b. Sept. 2, 1787, at 
Groton. He was a sea captain, and later a farmer. He was 
killed by the caving in of a sand bank, June 10, 1814. His widow 
m. 2d, Joseph Swan Avery, a brother of her husband. She d. 
Feb. 8, 1855, at Mystic. 

Children of Robert Niles and Mary (Hudson) Avery, b. at 

Groton : 

1858. i. Mary Latham% b. Feb. 21, 1808; m. Marvin Bailey Avery 

(No. 1826). 

1859. ii. Margaret Hudson', b. July 24, 1809. 

1860. iii. Robert Phineas', b. May 12, 1812. 

The Seventh Generation 407 







763. Joseph Swan' Avery {Simeon", Parke-, Ebenczei', 
Jam(.<\ James-, Christopher') was b. Oct., 1787, at Groton; m. 
Mrs. Mary (Hudson) Avery, daii. of Phineas and Margaret 
Hudson, and widow of his brother, Robert Niles Avery. She was 
b. Sept. 2, 1787, at Groton. He was a successful merchant and 
ship owner. She d. Feb. 8, 1855 ; he d. Nov. 10, 1865, both at 

Children of Joseph Swan and Mary (Hudson) Avery, b. at 
Groton : 

Lucy SwAN^ b. Nov. 1, 1817. 
Hannah L.", b. Dec. 20, 1819. 

Joseph C.\ b. May 27, 1827; d. Oct. 23, 1856, at sea; 
probably unm. 
iv. Harriet\ b. Feb. 8, 1820; d. about 1831. 

764. Frederick Allyn' Avery {Simeon", Parke'', Ebenezer*, 
James\ James-, Christopher') was b. March 5, 1789, at Groton; 
m. Dec. 29, 1811, at Groton, Elizabeth Bellows, dau. of Nathan 
and Sarah (Smith) Bellows (No. 98, ii). She was b. Aug. 16, 
1794, at Groton. He was a successful merchant ; moved to New 
York City ; finally to Champaign Co., O., where he led a farmer's 
life. He and his wife died in Ohio, he on July 27, 1862. 

Children of Frederick Allyn and Elizabeth (Bellows) 

Avery : 

i. Frederick Allyn', b. April 29, 1819, at Preston; removed 
to New York; successful in the grocery business; one of 
the founders of the New York "City Guards;" was an 
officer on the "Preble," U. S. N., in the search for a 
water route across the Isthmus of Panama in 1859; 
member of Lieutenant Strain's expedition across the 
Isthmus of Darien; during the civil war was on Gen. 
McClellan's staff; was in the coal business at the time of 
his death. He d. Sept. 9, 1866, at New York City, 
ii. Elisha', b. May 8, 1822, at Lebanon; d. Feb. 3, 1842, at 

Eliza', b. Jan. 17, 1826, at Lebanon; d. May 29, 1831. 

Simeon', b. May 10, 1828, at Lebanon; d. April 1, 1831. 

Erastus', b. July 18, 1831, at Lebanon. 

Ellen Frederica', b. Nov. 8, 1836, at Lebanon. 

765. Mary" Avery {Simeon", Parke'', Ehenezer*, James^, 
James-, Christopher') was b. Dec. 22, 1790, at Groton ; m. March 
19, 1809, at Groton, Daniel Packer, s. of Elisha and Lucy 







408 The Groton Avery Clan 

(Smith) Packer. He was b. Jan. 15, 1783, at Mystic. He was a 
manufacturer at Packersville. He d. Jan. 9, 1838, at Packers- 
yille ; she d. Feb. 5, 1843, same place. 

Children of Daniel and Mary (Avery) Packer: 

i. Daniel-, b. Jan. 11, 1810, at North Stonington; m. Susan 
Coit; 2d, Harrietta M. Briggs; d. Oct. 21, 1889, at 
ii. Stephen A.', b. Aug. 13, 1812, at North Stonington; m. 
Hannah Park; 2d, Jane Bates; d. June 20, 1881, at 
iii. Robert A.', b. Feb. 22, 1815, at North Stonington; d. y. 
iv. Mary H.^ b. Nov. 5, 1816, at North Stonington; m. Dr. 

Lewis Phinney; d. March 7, 1876, at Packersville. 
v. Elisha Avery', b. July 23, 1823, at North Stonington; m. 

Caroline M. Mitchell; d. April 2, 1892, at Packersville. 
vi. Lucy', b. May 19, 1830, at Packersville; m. Albert Randall; 
2d, C. W. Moore. 

768. Martha Billings' Avery {Simeo7i\ Parke'^, Ebeneze^'*, 
James^, James-, Christopher^) was b. March 17, 1796, at Groton; 
m. March 22, 1813, at Groton, Asa Park, s. of Hezekiah and 
Phebe (Avery) Park (No. 328, vii). He was b. June 23, 1789, 
at Preston. She d. June 14, 1835, at Preston. He m. 2d, Mrs. 
Abby (Williams) Lamb; d. March 15, 1852, at Preston. 

Children of Asa and Martha Billings (Avery) Park, b. at 
Preston : 

i. Edwin Albert', b. Dec. 28, 1813; m. Abby Jane Lamb; d. 

Feb. 8, 1882, at Groton. 
ii. Prentice Avery', b. Sept. 22, 1815; m. Lory Ann Braraan; 

d. Sept. 7, 1838. 
iii. Elizabeth Ann^ b. Jan. 8, 1818; m. Jacob J. Lamb; d. 

Aug. 3, 1845. 
iv. Stephen Avery', b. July 22, 1820; d. Aug. 1, 1858; unm. 
v. John Chester', b. Oct. 22, 1822; m. Lory (Braman) Park, 

widow of his brother. Prentice Avery Park; d. July 20, 

vi. Mary Abby', b. July 19, 1825; d. y. 
vii. Henry Russell', b. Jan. 7, 1830; d. 1847. 

769. Asa^ Avery {Ehenezer^, Ebenezer^, Ehenezer^, James^, 
James-, Christopher^) was b. May 16, 1785, at Preston; m. May 
21, 1809, at Groton, Desire Giddings, dau. of Joseph and Mary 
(Button) Giddings. She was b. Jan. 20, 1791, at Preston. He d. 
Dec. 5, 1851. 

The Seventh Generation 409 

Children of Asa and Desire (Giddings) Avery: 

1871. i. Asa Allen\ b. Feb. 19, 1810. 

ii. John", b. March 15, 1812; d. y. 

1872. iii. Abigail", b. July 28, 1813, at Preston. 

1873. iv. J0SEPH\ b. March 28, 1815. 

1874. V. Mary', b. June 10, 1817, at Voluntown. 

1875. vi. Luc\-', b. March 8, 1820; m. Aug. 25, 1843, at Willimantic, 

George Bliss. 

1876. vii. Nancy^, b. June 17, 1822, at Preston. 

1877. viii. Sarah Brewster', b. March 14, 1825. 

1878. ix. William Cleveland', b. April 10, 1827, at Willimantic. 

1879. X. Elizabeth Fowler', b. Nov. 28, 1829. 

1880. xi. Desire Louise', b. March 1, 1835, at Plainfield. 

771. Solomon Story ' Avery (Ebenezer^ Ehenezer", Ebenezer*, 
James'', James-, Christopher^) was b. Feb. 28, 1788, at Preston; 
m. Oct. 25, 1810, at Preston, Betsey Partridge, dau. of Elijah and 
Prudence (Brown) Partridge. She was b. Feb. 5, 1792, at 
Preston. They moved to Hartwick, N. Y. He was a carpenter. 
She d. Sept. 3, 1864 ; he d. Aug. 9, 1880, both at Hartwick. 

Children of Solomon Story and Betsey (Partridge) Avery, 
b. at Hartwick : 

Caroline', b. Aug. 9, 1811; d. Aug. 11, 1811. 

Betsey Maria', b. March 16, 1813. 

Daniel Solomon', b. Nov. 2, 1815. 

Albert Allen', b. Oct. 24, 1817. 

Amanda Malvina', b. April 16, 1820; d. Nov. 20, 1839. 

Ebenezer Oscar', b. April 24, 1821. 

Celia Abby', b. April 24, 1826; d. March 2, 1835. 
1885. viii. George Orlonzo', b. March 22, 1834. 

772. Sabra" Avery {Ehenezer^, Ebenezer°, Ebenezer*, 
James^, James'-, Christopher^) was b. March 4, 1790, at Preston; 

m. Joseph Capron, s. of and Jerusha Capron. He was b. 

Dec. 3, 1791, at Preston. She d. July 27, 1864, at Manchester, 
N. Y. ; he d. Sept. 30, 1874, at same place. 

Children of Joseph and Sabra (Avery) Capron: 

i. Collins York', b. Aug. 12, 1811, at Preston; m. Maria 

Stafford; d. Feb., 1887, at Thetford, Mich, 
ii. Jerusha', b. Feb. 11, 1814, at Redhook, N. Y.; m. Levi 

Darling; d. March 26, 1881, at Middleport, N. Y. 
iii. Henry", b. March 14, 1815, at Anercum, N. Y.; m. Laura 
Brown; d. Jan. 18, 1865, at Auburn, N. Y. 












410 The Groton Avery Clan 

iv. Ebenezer Avery', b. April 14, 1817, at Redhook, N. Y.; m. 
Elizabeth Partridge; 2d, Sarah Youngs; 3d, Caroline 
Marsh; d. July 4, 1891, at Morenci, Mich. 

V. Julia Ann', b. Dec. 13, 1818, at Phelps, N. Y. 

vi. Alexander R.', b. Nov. 10, 1823, at Perrinton, N. Y. ; d. y. 

vii. Lucy E.', b. Aug. 28, 1825, at Manchester; d. y. 

774. John Stanton' Avery {Ebenezer^, Ehenezei'^, Ebenezer*, 
James'-'-, James-, Christopher^) was b. Feb. 22, 1794, at Preston; 
m. Dec. 25, 1823, at Cooperstown, N. Y., Caroline Osborn, dau. of 
Elnathan and Julia A. (Curtis) Osborn. She was b. Nov. 12, 
1800, at Cooperstown. The Whitney genealogy, page 563, re- 
cords that her mother's name was Sally Jarvis. He was a 
wagon-maker ; member of the masonic order ; served in the war 
of 1812, and was a pensioner of that war. She d. March 30, 
1835, at Greene, N. Y. He m. 2d, Feb. 23, 1844, Mrs. Caroline 
HoUenbeck. He d. Jan. 9, 1883. 

Children of John Stanton and Caroline (Osborn) Avery: 
i. Albert", b. Jan., 1825; d. y. 
ii. Amelias b. Jan. 26, 1827; d. y. 

1886. iii. Cornelia Caroline', b. Jan. 24, 1828, at Greene, 
iv. Charles Barnard", b. May, 1830, at Greene; d. y. 

1887. V. William Osborn", b. May 28, 1833, at Greene. 

vi. John Stanton', b. March 22, 1835; lost at sea, 1855; unm. 

775. Ebenezer' Avery {Ebe7iezer'\ Ebenezer, Ebenezer*, 
James^, James'-, Christopher^) was b. Aug. 16, 1797, at Preston; 
m. June 7, 1822, Lydia A. Crapo. She d. Feb. 18, 1839 ; he d. 
April 28, 1857. 

Children of Ebenezer and Lydia A. (Crapo) Avery: 
Claudius G.', b. July 27, 1823; d. Sept. 24, 1875. 
Susan A.", b. Dec. 5, 1826; m. a Mr. Woodruff, of Bellevue, 

Elizabeth P.\ b. Jan. 11, 1830; d. Oct. 14, 1891. 
Henrietta", b. July 15, 1833; d. Aug. 20, 1869. 
Anna L.% b. Dec. 25, 1836. 
Ebenezer", b. Feb. 9, 1839; d. y. 

Hannah Morgan' Avery {Ebenezer'^, Ebenezer^, Eben- 
James\ James'-, Christopher^) was b. Dec. 21, 1798, at 
Preston ; m. March 24, 1822, Asa Fitch. He was b. July 21, 1790. 
She d. Dec. 14, 1858 ; he d. Oct. 1, 1875. 














ezer*, Jam* 

The Seventh Generation 411 

Children of Asa and Hannah Morgan (Avery) Fitch: 

i. Edwin Alglstus', b. Jan. 9, 1823. 

ii, Charles Hudson', b. July 21, 1824. 

iii. Eliza Ann', b. July 13, 1829. 

iv. Mary Ann\ b. July 13, 1829. 

V. Elisha Avery', b. March 9, 1832. 

vi. Lydia Louisa'*, b. Jan. 19, 1834. 

vii. Russell Whiting", b. Nov. 1, 1835. 

777. Lucy Allyn' Avery {Ebenezer^, Ebenezer^, Ebenezer*, 
James"% James-, CJuistopher'') was b. April 4, 1802, at Preston; 
m. Jan. 13, 1825, Nathan Cook, s. of James and Persis (Herrick) 

 I Cook. He was b. Nov. 20, 1802, at Preston. He d. May 25, 1885 ; 

she d. Aug. 1, 1892. 
kj Children of Nathan and Lucy Allyn (Avery) Cook, probably 

b. at Norwich : 

i. Nathan Avery^, b. Nov. 3, 1825. 
ii. Carlos ALLYN^ b. June 23, 1828. 

I iii. Albert George*, b. Dec. 18, 1829. 

iv. Lucy Mary', b. March 5, 1832. 
V. James Ebenezer', b. Oct. 4, 1833. 

Ivi. Fanny Ayre', b. March 21, 1834. 
vii. Lucia Persis', b. Dec. 16, 1837. 
viii. William', b. Sept. 28, 1838. 
ix. Isaac Herrick', b. Sept. 30, 1839. 
X. Cyrus Fortune', b. Sept. 22, 1841. 

778. Benjamin Franklin" Avery (Ebenezer^, Ebenezer^, 
Ebenezer"^, James^, James-, Christopher^) was b. May 18, 1804, 
at Preston ; m. Feb. 25, 1829, at North Stonington, Dimmis 
Swan Bailey, dau. of Elijah and Margaret (Fanning) Bailey. 
She was b. April 8, 1806, at Ledyard. He was a carpenter. He 
d. Aug. 24, 1834, at Preston. She m. 2d, a Mr. Collins, and d. 
Oct. 5, 1849, at Willimantic. 

Children of Benjamin Franklin and Dimmis Swan (Bailey) 
Avery : 

1893. i. Lucy Ann', b. Jan. 13, 1830, at Preston. 

1894. ii. Elisha Benjamin', b. March 8, 1832, at Stonington. 


779. Albert G.'' Avery (Ebenezer'^, Ebenezer% Ebenezet 
James^, James-, Christopher'^) was b. July 16, 1808. at Preston; 
m. April 20, 1835, Sarah A. Carpenter. She was b. May 8, 1815. 
He d. March 5, 1875; she d. Jan. 18, 1892. 














412 The Groton Avery Clan 

Children of Albert G. and Sarah A. (Carpenter) Avery: 
Albert F.^ b. May 10, 1836; d. Feb. 27, 1876. 
Allen W.\ b. Aug. 6, 1838. 
Martin Y.% b. April 22, 1841. 
Lucy J.', b. Aug. 17, 1843. 
Edwin W.% h. May 24, 1846. 
Carlos', b. Aug. 16, 1851; d. Oct. 12, 1851. 
Fred H.% b. March 26, 1855. 

780. George S.^ Avery {Ebenezer^, Ebenezer^, Ebenezer*, 
James^, James-, Christojjher^) was b. July 18, 1811, at Preston; 
m. Nov. 24, 1835, at Norwich, Eliza Ann Gavitt. She was b. May 
2, 1813, at Lebanon ; d. March 11, 1863. He d. Dec. 21, 1874. 

Children of George S. and Eliza Ann (Gavitt) Avery: 

1901. i. Mary E.", b. Oct. 15, 1836, at Norwich; probably m. Ferdi- 

nand Stedman, at Norwich, Feb. 17, 1863. 

1902. ii. George L.', b. Oct. 2, 1840, at Bellevue, Mich, 
iii. Uretta a.*, b. April 12, 1843, at Bellevue; d. y. 

1903. iv. Charles G.', b. Jan. 12, 1845, at Bellevue. 

1904. V. Frank H.^ b. Oct. 29, 1848, at Bellevue. 

1905. vi. Ada D.\ b. March 30, 1854, at Bellevue. 

781. Nathan"^ Avery (Nathan^, Simeon^, Ebenezer*, James^, 
James-, Christopher^) was b. March 6, 1786, at Orford, N. H.; 
m. Sept. 29, 1808, at Newbury, Vt., Sarah White. She was b. 
June 19, 1783, at Newbury; d. Oct. 22, 1841, at Newbury. He 
m. 2d, April 11, 1843, at Newbury, Maria Virgin, dau. of Henry 
and Margaret (Houston) Virgin. He was a farmer and sur- 
veyor. He d. Aug. 21, 1845, at Newbury; she d. Jan. 16, 1859, 
at Wakefield, Mass. 

Children of Nathan and Sarah (White) Avery, probably al.' 
b. at Newbury: 

1906. i. Eben', b. July 31, 1809. 

1907. ii. Samuel Powers', b. April 19, 1811. 

1908. iii. Mary Ann\ b. April 7, 1813. 

1909. iv. Sally', b. Aug. 12, 1815. 

Child of Nathan and Maria (Virgin) Avery, b. at Newbury: 
i. Nathan Ayers', b. Oct. 6, 1844; d. March 23, 1863, in a 
government hospital; a Union soldier. 

The Seventh Generation 413 

782. Ann' Avery {NatJian\ Simeon^ Ebenezer*, James^, 
James-, Chnsfo-phc)-') was b. March 17, 1788, at Fairlee, N. H.; 
m. April 25, 1802, at Newbury, Vt., Daniel Meader, s. of Samuel 
and Ruth (Hill) Meader. He was b. Oct. 21, 1782, at Dover, 
N. H. He was a farmer and a lawyer. She d. Feb. 23, 1861 ; he 
d. March 19, 1872, both at Newbury. She was sometimes called 

Children of Daniel and Ann (Avery) Meader, b. at New- 
bury : 

i. Ann', b. Oct. 8, 1803; m. James Brown; d. July 4, 1839, at 
Elkgrove, 111. 

ii. Eliza', b. May 31, 1805; d. Oct. 7, 1825, at Newbury; unxn. 

iii. Mary*, b. May 4, 1807; d. Sept. 22, 1825, at Newbury. 

iv. Ruth Hill', b. May 31, 1809; m. William Brownhill; d. July 
31, 1840, at Elkgrove. 

V. Eusebia\ b. June 3, 1811; d. Jan. 2, 1826, at Newbury. 

vi. John Ayers', b. June 30, 1813; m. Ann Maria Page; d. 
March 6, 1897, at Newbury. 

vii. Sarah Avery", b. April 21, 1815; m. George Anson Knowles; 
d. Jan. 19, 1894, at Las Vegas, N. M. 

viii. Nathan Avery', b. March 26, 1817; m. Mary Ann Lam- 
phere; 2d, Eliza Wood Sturtevant. 

ix. William Henry', b. May 1, 1819; m. Susan McConnell; was 
a Union soldier; d. in the army. 

X. James', b. Feb. 24, 1821; d. y. 

xi. James Madison', b. March 30, 1823; m. Emily Dow Chap- 
man; 2d, Olive Philbrick; was a soldier in the first reg't 
of Michigan engineers; d. Feb. 19, 1899, at Grand Rap- 
ids, Mich. 

xii. Robert Franklin', b. April 1, 1825; d. June 17, 1848. 

xiii. Mary Eliza', b. Nov. 29, 1826; d. Dec. 9, 1842, at Newbury. 

xiv. Charles Carroll', b. Oct. 31, 1830; m. Caroline M. Russell; 
was a Union soldier; d. Feb. 11, 1900, at Lynn, Mass. 

783. George Washing-ton^ Avery (Nathan^, Simeon^, Eben- 
ezer*, James^, James-, Christo'pJier^) was b. Decv. 12, 1789, at 
Newbury, Vt. ; m. Sept. 20, 1816, at Barnet, Vt., Vasti Virgin, 
dau. of Henry and Margaret (Houston) Virgin, and a sister of 
the second wife of Nathan Avery (No. 781). She was b. Aug. 
10, 1794, at Fryeburg, Maine. He was a farmer in Newbury, Vt. 
He was in the war of 1812, and received a bounty of 80 acres of 
land for his services. He d. May 17, 1863; she d. April 11, 
1872, both at Newbury. 

414 The Groton Avery Clan 

Children of George Washington and Vasti (Virgin) Avery, 
b, at Newbury: 

1910. i. Mary ANN^ b. Dec. 26, 1816. 

1911. ii. PARK^ b. April 23, 1819. 

1912. iii. Charles\ b. Dec. 21, 1821. 

iv. Peter\ b. Aug. 4, 1823; d. y. 

1913. V. Margaret', b. March 7, 1828. 

1914. vi. Harriet VIRGIN^ b. May 20, 1830. 

1915. vii. Jane Wallace', b. March 22, 1832. 

1916. viii. Caroline Kimball', b. July 10, 1834. 
ix. Hannah', b. July 13, 1836; d. y. 

784. Simeon" Avery {Nathan^, Simeon^, Ebenezer*, James^, 
James'-, Christopher^) was b. July 19, 1791; m. July 4, 1814, at 
Newbury, Vt., Hannah Bailey, dau. of Col. Joshua and Anna 
(Fowler) Bailey. She d. Oct., 1825, at Newbury. He m. 2d, 
Betsey Brown; after her death, he m, 3d, Eleanor Cochrane, also 
said to be a Wilson of Topsham, Vt. He was a soldier in the war 
of 1812, He d. Feb. 19, 1858, at Newbury. His widow m. Josiah 
Knight and moved to Charles City, Iowa. 

Children of Simeon and Hannah (Bailey) Avery, b. at New- 
bury : 

Austin Ayers', b. Oct. 11, 1815. 
Simeon', b. Oct. 14, 1818. 
George W.^ 

Anna Ayers'; m. a Mr. Evans. 
Bailey', b. Sept. 6, 1825. 

Children of Simeon and Betsey (Brown) Avery: 

1922. i. Fred'; d. March 13, 1865, in Andersonville prison. 

1923. ii. Laura'; m. J. Williamson; d. in 1864. 

785. John Ayers "^ Avery {Nafhan*\ Simeo7i^, Ebe7iezer\ 
James--, James-, Christopher^) was b. Aug, 18, 1795, at Newbury, 
Vt. ; m. Jan. 14, 1829, at Monkton, Vt., Emeline Baldwin, dau. 
of Nathan G, and Abby (Chamberlain) Baldwin, She w^as b, 
Feb, 3, 1803, at Monkton, He was graduated at Middlebury 
College in 1826; was ordained. Sept, 24, 1828, as a Congrega- 
tional minister, his principal pastorate being Middletown 
Springs, Vt, He was associated with the Rev, G. H, Hulin, as 
editor and proprietor of the "Religious Recorder," published at 
Syracuse, N, Y, He d. April 25, 1863, at Syracuse; she d. Sept., 











The Seventh Generation 415 

Children of John Ayers and Emeline (Baldwin) Avery; 

1924. i. Frances E:, b. Sept. 1, 1833. 

1925. ii. Matthew HENRY^ b. March 27, 1835, at Middletown Springs, 

Vt.; captain of the 10th N. Y. Cavalry j colonel, Dec, 
1864; brevet brigadier-general, March, 1865; was in 
twenty engagements; acquitted himself with great gal- 
lantry; after the war engaged in the oil business; mem- 
ber of Bradford (Pa.) Oil exchange; d. Sept, 1, 1881, at 
Geneva, N. Y. 

786. Elizabeth'^ Avery {Jesse''', Simeon"^, Ehenezer'^, James^, 
James-, Christopher') was b. May 5, 1805, at Ortord, N. H.; m. 
March 6, 1827, at Orford, Daniel Clarke, s. of Benjamin and 
Susanna (Bass) Clarke. He was b. Nov. 11, 1806, at Orford. 
He was a manufacturer of patent sashes and locks. They moved 
to Aurora, N. Y. She d. Oct. 19, 1841, at Aurora, He m. a 
second time and removed to Buffalo. 

Children of Daniel and Elizabeth (Avery) Clarke: 

i. Celestia Arabel', b. July 26, 1828; m. Samuel Rarick. 

ii. Elizabeth^ b. July 5, 1831; d. y. 

iii. Almira Marian", b. Oct. 19, 1835. 

iv. Alatha T. Emeline", b. Nov. 1, 1840; d. y. 

787. Marian'^ Avery {Jesse^, Simeon^ Ehenezer*, James'-, 
James-, Christopher^) was b. May 8, 1807, at Orford, N. H, ; m. 
Curtis William Hunter. She d. June 19, 1835, at Madison, Ind. 

Children of Curtis William and Marian (Avery) Hunter: 
i. William Avery'. 
ii. Sarah Elizabeth\ 

788. Eben Platt^ Avery (Jesse''', Simeon'', Ebenezer'^, James'-, 
James-, Christopher') was b. Sept. 14, 1809, at Orford, N. H. ; m. 
Philosa Currier. He d. April 11, 1851, at East Boston, Mass. 

Children of Eben Piatt and Philosa (Currier) Avery: 

1926. i. Curtis'. 

1927. ii. Charles^ 

789. Almira Morey^ Avery (Jesse", Simeon% Ebenezer*, 
James--, James-, Christopher^) was b. May 19, 1812, at Orford, 
N. H. • m. Martin Warner. 

416 The Groton Avery Clan 

790. Joshua K." Avery (Jesse^, Simeon^, Ebenezer*, James^, 
James-, Christopher^) was b. Oct. 22, 1815, at Orford, N. H.; m. 
Emeline M. Thorndike. He d. April 4, 1892, at Orford, N. H. 

Children of Joshua K. and Emeline M. (Thorndike) Avery, 
b. at Orford, N. H. 

1934. i. WiLLARD Barstow', b. Sept. 29, 1852. 

1935. ii. Walter Jesse% b. May 12, 1859. 

1936. iii. Herbert', 

791. Susan Colston '^ Avery (Jesse^, Simeon^, Ebenezer\ 
James^, James'-, Christopher^) v^'as b. Oct. 4, 1820, at Orford,^ 
N. H. ; m.  Rufus Erastus Whitcombe, s. of Ruf us and Martha 
(Oliver) Whitcombe. He was b. April 4, 1819, at Hartland, Vt. 
She d. Sept. 20, 1847, at Orford; he m. 2d, Sept. 5, 1848, at 
Lebanon, N. H., her sister, Mahala Piatt Avery (No. 792). 

Children of Rufus Erastus and Susan Colston (Avery) 
Whitcombe, b. at Orford : 
i. Edgar Barstow*. 

ii. Ellen Marion", b. Oct. 13, 1842 ; m. Henry Valentine Bragg, 
iii. Susan Elizabeth'*, b. June 29, 1847; m. Walter Haynes 
Johnson; d. July 18, 1891, at Buffalo, N. Y. 

792. Mahala Platt^ Avery (Jesse^, Simeon^, Ebenezer*, 
James^, James-, Christopher'^) was b. June 13, 1824, at Orford, 
N. H.; m. Sept. 5, 1848, at Lebanon, N. H., Rufus Erastus 
Whitcombe, s. of Rufus E. and Martha (Oliver) Whitcombe. 
He was b. April 4, 1819, at Hartland, Vt. He was the widower 
of her sister, Susan Colston Avery. He d. April 1, 1892, at 
Bradford, Vt. ; she d. Nov. 17, 1906, at same place. 

801. Thomas RusselF Avery {Joshua^, Simeon^ Ebenezer\ 
James^, James-, Christopher^) was b. June 5, 1809, at Arlington, 
Mass.; m. Jan., 1834, at Arlington, Mary Putnam Cutter, dau. 
of Aaron and Polly (Putnam) Cutter. She was b. Feb. 5, 1814, 
at Arlington. He d. Jan. 21, 1836, at Arlington. She m. 2d, 
Ebenezer H. Allen. 

802. Charles Park' Avery {Joshua^, Simeon^, Ebenezer*, 
James^, James-, Christopher'^) was b. April 19, 1812, at Arling- 
ton, Mass. ; m. Oct. 9, 1845, at Arlington, "Hannah M. Bailey. 

The Seventh Generation 417 

804 Alexander Pope" Avery {Joshua^, Simeon^, Ebenezer*, 
James^, James- , Christo2Jher^) was b. May 2, 1818, at Arlington, 
Mass. ; m. Oct. 14, 1847, at Arlington, Julia A. Bailey. 

805. John Leek ^ Avery (Simeon Hyde*^, Simeon^, Ebenezer*, 
James% Jmnes", Christopher') was b. Sept. 25, 1815, at Cincin- 
nati, O. ; m. Dec. 5, 1840, at Greenfield, Ind., Sarah Tomb Camp- 
bell, dau. of Samuel C. and Margaret (McKinley) Campbell. 
She was b. Feb, 17, 1814, in Allegheny County, Penn. He was a 
carpenter and contractor. She d. Sept. 4, 1894 ; he d. March 30, 
1909, both at Indianapolis, Ind. 

Child of John Leek and Sarah Tomb (Campbell) Avery, b. 
at Philadelphia, Ind. : 

1956. 1. John Plutarch", b. April 2, 1842. 

806. Oliver Spenser'^ Avery (Simeon Hycle^, Simeon^, Ehen- 
ezer\ James^, James-, Christopher'^) was b. April 28, 1817, at 
Miami, O. ; m. Aug. 8, 1845, in Hamilton Co., O., Eliza J. Ather- 
ton, dau. of Isaac and Ellen (Campbell) Atherton. She was b. 
Oct. 15, 1827. 

Children of Oliver Spenser and Eliza J. (Atherton) Avery: 

1957. 1. James O.*, b. Aug. 24, 1849. 
Ella E.% b. Oct. 2, 1851; m. Leonidas Van Meter. 
Rebecca^ b. Oct. 7, 1853; m. Eusebius H. Harris. 
John M.^ b. Aug. 20, 1858. 
Sarah T.^ b. Dec. 2, 1860; d. y. 
Nancy J." ,b. July 12, 1862. 
Laura B.% b. July 27, 1867; m. Orrin J. Avery (No. 3084). 

807. Henry Passmore' Avery (Simeon Hijde^, Simeon'', 
Ehenezer^, James^, James-, Christopher^) was b. Nov. 19, 1819, 
at Miami, 0.; m. Charity Wimp. He d. Aug. 15, 1878, at Dallas 
City, 111. 

808. Simeon Hyde^ Avery (Simeon Hyde"^, Simeon^, Eben- 
ezer\ James^, James-, Christopher^) was b. March 6, 1824, at 
Miami, Ohio ; m. Dec. 23, 1846, at Dallas City, Iowa. Clarissa A. 
Alexander, dau. of John and Laura (Hurd) Alexander. She was 
b. June 19, 1829. 

Children of Simeon Hyde and Clarissa A. (Alexander) 
Avery : 



























418 The Groton Avery Clan 

ELIZABETH^ b. Dec. 19, 1847. 
Mary\ b. Nov. 22, 1849. 

James W.^ b. April 2, 1851; d. April 24, 1851. 
Laura A.% b. Sept. 13, 1853. 
Rebecca J.% b. Aug. 6, 1856. 
Ella N.\ b. March 15, 1858. 
Clara M.^ b. Oct. 31, 1862. 
viii. Mattie', b. May 20, 1865. 

809. Emeline^ Avery (Simeon Hyde^, Simeon^, Ehenezer*, 
James\ James-, Christopher^) was b. Jan. 7, 1828, ftt Miami, 
Ohio; m. William Wimp. 

810. Zipporah^ Avery (John^, John", Christopher*, James-, 
James-, Christopher^) was b, Sept. 22, 1753, at Preston; m. 
Thomas Williams, who was soon lost at sea ; m. 2d, Daniel Cook, 
who d. about 1796, leaving all his property to his widow ; m. 3d, 
July 30, 1797, at Plainfield, Elias Woodward. He d. April 10, 
1825, at Plainfield, aged 84; she d. July 2, 1827, aged 73. No 

811. John'' Avery (John^, John^, Christopner*, James^, 
James-, Christopher^) was b. Dec. 14, 1755, at Preston; m. Feb. 
25, 1779, at Stonington, Lucy Ayer, dau. of Joseph and Thankful 
(Dake) Ayer. She was b. July 21, 1759, at Stonington. He was 
a goldsmith ; representative from Preston, 1781, 1784 ; captain. 
May, 1784 (Ms. State Papers, Hartford) . He d. Nov. 10, 1815, 
at Preston (now Griswold) ; she d. Oct. 28, 1846, at Groton. 

Children of John and Lucy (Ayer) Avery, b. at Preston 
(now Griswold) : 

1980. i. J0HN\ b. Nov. 23, 1780. 

1981. ii. ELISHA^ b. Jan. 4, 1783. 

iii. Lucy*", b. March 17, 1785; d. July 3, 1863, at Griswold; unm. 

1982. iv. Anna', b. April 2, 1787. 

1983. V. Hannah', b. Jan. 19, 1789. 

1984. vi. Elizabeth", b. April 18, 1791. 

1985. vii. CYNTHIA^ b. Feb. 22, 1793. 
viii. Maria*, b. June 22, 1795; d. y. 

812. SamueF Avery (John^, John^, Christopher*, James^, 
James-, Christopher^) was b. June 4, 1760, at Preston; m. about 
1786, Sarah Eldridge. She was b. Nov., 1762. He was a gold- 

The Seventh Generation 419 

smith; invented a nail-cutting machine. She d. Nov. 23, 1811; 
he d. Feb. 16, 1836. 

Children of Samuel and Sarah (Eldridge) Avery: 
i. Samuel\ b. June, 1787; d. 1829, at Preston; unm. 

1986. ii. Sarah Eldridge", b. Aug. 5, 1789; m. Henry Swift, s. of 

Zepheniah Swift; no children. 

1987. iii. Betsey', b. Oct. 21, 1791, at Preston; m. Samuel Avery (No. 

iv. Lucy', b. Aug., 1793; d. Dec. 1, 1811. 

1988. V. Maria\ b. Aug. 13, 1797. 

1989. vi. Harriet\ b. Aug. 10, 1802, at Groton; m. March 14, 1843, 

Ei-astus Babcock; d. June 4, 1882, at Franklin; no chil- 

1990. vii. Austin', b. June 6, 1804, at Groton. 

813. William^ Avery (/o/m^ John^, Christopher^ James^, 
James-, Christopher'^) was b. March 22, 1765, at Preston; m. 
Nov. 29, 1792, at Preston, Margaret Avery (No. 822), dau. of 
Jonas and Mary (Avery) Avery. She was b. Feb. 27, 1775, at 
Groton. He d. Dec. 5, 1798, at Stonington. She m. 2d, April 5, 
1802, at Stonington, Oliver Avery (No. 336). She d. May 22, 
1805, at Stonington. 

Children of William and Margaret (Avery) Avery, b. at 
Stonington : 

1991. i. ZippORAH', b. Aug. 28, 1793. 

ii. William', b. Dec. 4, 1796; d. 1816; unm. 

1992. iii. Mary', b. Dec. 9, 1798. 

815. Robert Stanton^ Avery (John^, John^, Christopher^ 
James-', James-, Christopher'^) was b. Feb, 25, 1771, at Preston; 
m. June 14, 1807, at Preston, Sarah Crary, dau. of Oliver and 
Eunice (Brewster) Crary. She was of "Mayflower" ancestry. 
She was b. June 13, 1777, at Preston ; d. Jan. 3, 1829, at Preston 
He m. 2d, June 8, 1829, at Preston, her sister, Nancy Crary, who 
was b. Sept. 22, 1782, at Preston. He was a goldsmith. He was 
also a successful farmer. He was appointed lieutenant, Nov. 29, 
1802 ; captain, 1st company, 8th reg't militia, April 25, 1805 ; 
major of 2d reg't, horse artillery, June, 1837; justice of the 
peace, 1820-1840, inclusive (State Records, Hartford) ; an ear- 
nest Whig; represented Preston in the state legislature, 1812; 
belonged to the Separatist church and later to the Congrega- 

420 The Groton Avery Clan 

tional. He d. June 27, 1846, at Preston ; she d. May 12, 1861, at 
same place. 

Children of Robert Stanton and Sarah (Crary) Avery, b. at 
Preston : 

1993. i. Robert Stanton', b. May 1, 1808, 

1994. ii. Ulysses', b. July 17, 1809. 

1995. iii. Isaac', b. March 31, 1811. 

1996. iv. Eunice', b. Nov. 15, 1813. 

V. Mary Ann', b. Sept. 8, 1815; d. Sept. 26, 1881, at Preston; 

1997. vi. Sarah', b. Aug. 15, 1817. 

1998. vii. John', b. Aug. 19, 1819. 

1999. viii. Erasmus', b. May 6, 1822. 

816. Amos'' Avery (JoJm^, John^, Christopher*, James^y 
James-, Christopher^) was b. Nov. 3, 1774, at Preston; m. May 
10, 1804, at Preston, Dorothy Crary, dau. of Oliver and Eunice 
(Brewster) Crary, and sister of his brother, Robert Stanton 
Avery's, wives. She was b. Aug. 4, 1779, at Preston. He was a 
farmer and wool-grower; made ensign, 1st company, 8th reg't, 
Nov. 29, 1802; 1st lieut., 1st company, 8th militia, April 25, 1805 
(Ms. State Papers, Hartford) . Represented his town in the state 
legislature in 1800, 1801, 1802, 1822, 1827, 1829. He d. Nov. 25, 
1840, at Preston ; she d. Jan. 7, 1852, at same place. 

Children of Amos and Dorothy (Crary) Avery, b. at Pres- 

2000. i. Amos', b. March 2, 1805. 

2001. ii. Experience', b. July 1, 1807. 

iii. Oliver Crary*, b. Sept. 22, 1809; d. y. 

2002. iv. Louisa', b. April 30, 1812. 

V. Delia', b. Oct. 30, 1814; drowned, May 17, 1849. 

2003. vi. Nancy Crary", b. June 13, 1817. 

2004. vii, Oliver Perry', b. Aug. 24, 1819. 

2005. viii. Andrew', b. July 19, 1822. 

817. Christopher'' Avery (John^, John^, Christopher^^ 
James^, James'-, Christopher^) was b. Oct. 4, 1781, at Preston; 
m. March 20, 1806, at Plainfield, Conn., Olive Tyler, dau. of John 
and Mary (Bordman) Tyler. She was b. Nov. 28, 1784, at 
Preston. He d. March 10, 1837 ; she d. Dec. 13, 1843. 















The Seventh Generation 421 

Children of Christopher and Olive (Tyler) Avery: 
Albert', b. Jan. 23, 1807. 
Mary', b. Aug. 4, 1810. 
George', b. March 31, 1814. 
Elbridge', b. July 22, 1816. 
Abby TYLER^ b. Feb. 11, 1819. 
Wolcott', b. Aug. 9, 1822. 
Lucius Goodwin", b. Nov. 23, 1825, at Plainfield. 

818. Amos^ Avery {Isaac^, John^, Christopher'^, James^, 
James-, Christopher^) was b. June 16, 1769, at Preston; m. Dec. 
12, 1790, at Preston, Susanna Starkweather, dau. of Jesse and 
Mary (Kinne) Starkweather. She was b. June 10, 1769, at 
Preston. She d. about 1800. He traded with the Indians in 
western New York, and did not return from a trip taken in 

Children of Amos and Susanna (Starkweather) Avery: 

2013. 1. John Stanton', b. Jan. 27, 1792, at Preston. 

2014. ii. William Williams', b. Nov. 5, 1793. 

iii. Thetis', b. about 1795; d. Dec. 11, 1815, at Preston, aged 
20 ; unm. 

2015. iv. Orlando Hopkins', b. March 13, 1799, at Buffalo, N. Y. 

819. Isaac ^ Avery (Isaac^, John^, Christopher*, James^, 
James-, Christopher^) was b. Aug. 10, 1771, at Preston; m. Oct. 
15, 1809, at Preston, Abigail Amelia Guillaud, dau. of Claudius 
and Sarah (Mumford) Guillaud. She was b. July 14, 1784. He 
was a farmer at Preston. He was a private in the War of 1812 
(Co7in. Men in War of 1812, p. 7). She d. March 26, 1824, at 
Preston. He d. Jan. 21, 1856. 

Children of Isaac and Abigail Amelia (Guillaud) Avery, b. 
at Preston : 

i. William Williams', b. Aug. 11, 1810; d. Nov. 21, 1884, at 
Preston ; unm. 
Isaac', b. Oct. 15, 1814; d. y. 
Frances Mumford', b. Aug. 1, 1816. 
Abigail Amelia', b. June 20, 1819. 
Sarah Louisa', b. Feb. 23, 1822. 

820. Abigail' Avery (Isaac^, John% Christopher', James^, 
James-, Christopher^) was b. Oct. 13, 1776, at Preston; m. April 
10, 1800, at Preston, Elisha Crary, s. of Oliver and Eunice 
(Brewster) Crary. Three of his sisters had married cousins 








422 The Groton Avery Clan 

of his wife. He was b. Aug. 22, 1773, at Preston. She d. July 
28, 1854; he d. Feb. 8, 1861, both at Preston. 

Children of Elisha and Abigail (Avery) Crary, b. at Pres- 

i. John Brewster", b. Dec. 22, 1800; d. June 5, 1844, at Belle- 

vue, Mich, 
ii. Elisha Avery', b. April 25, 1802; m. Elizabeth Brewster; 

d. March 27, 1855, at Preston, 
iii. Isaac Edwin\ b. Oct. 2, 1804; m. Jane Elizabeth Hickock; 

2d, Pratt; d. May 8, 1854, at Marshall, Mich. 

iv. William Grant*, b. Nov. 26, 1808; m. Julia Morse; d. July 

25, 1886, at Lemoille, Iowa. 
V. Abby", b. May 27, 1813; m. Warren Cook, 
vi. Lucy*, b. Nov. 4, 1815; m. Chester Smith Prentice, 
vii. Oliver Wolcott", b. Dec. 21, 1819; m. Eliza Burrows; 2d, 

Aganethe Thovson. 

821. Mercy ^ Avery {Isaac^, John% Christopher*, James^, 
James-, Christopher^) was b. May 14, 1781, at Preston; m. 
William Grant. Margaret Avery, her sister, in her will, proved 
June 24, 1854, mentioned her sister, Mercy Grant, William Grant, 
Isaac Avery Grant, Charles, Eunice, and Mary Hewett, children 
of Charles Hewett. 

Children of William and Mercy (Avery) Grant : 

i. Mercy Adelaide', b. about 1814; m. Charles Hewett; d. July 

19, 1848. 
ii. Isaac Avery*. 

823. Timothy^ Avery (Christopher'^, Christopher^, Christo- 
pher*, James^, James'-, Christopher^) was b. May 8, 1766; m. 
Nancy Prior, dau. of Capt. Prior of Long Island {David Avery 
Ms.) . He d. March 20, 1795. 

824. Christopher' Avery (Christopher'^, Christopher'', Chris- 
topher*, James\ James-, Christopher'') was b. Dec. 10, 1768; m. 
Cynthia Ayer, dau. of Joseph and Thankful (Dake) Ayer. She 
was b. June 12, 1763, at Stonington ; d. Feb. 11, 1832, at Ston- 
'ngton. He was in the war of 1812 from Stonington {Conn. Me7i 
in War of 1812, p. 7) . It is said that they left three children. 

Children of Christopher and Cynthia (Ayer) Avery: 

2022. i. Cynthia'. 

2023. ii. Lovisa'. 

2024. iii. Timothy". 

The Seventh Generation 423 

826. Jonathan' Avery {Christopher'^, Christopher-', Chris- 
topher^, James', James-, Christopher^) was b. Maron 5, 1775; m. 
Feb. 2, 1802, Anna Hewett, dau. of Charles and Hannah (Stan- 
ton) Hewett. She was b. Aug. 27, 1777, at Stonington. He d. 
June 15, 1835 ; she d. May 15, 1838. 

Children of Jonathan and Anna (Hewett) Avery, b. at Ston- 
ington : 

2027. i. Elizabeth', b. Oct. 25, 1803. 

ii. Mary Ann', b. Feb. 20, 1807; d. unm. 

827. Lovisa"^ Avery (Nathan^, Christopher-', Christopher*, 
James^, James-, Christopher^) was b. about 1767, at Groton; m. 
about 1795, at Groton, Isaac Chester, s. of Benajah and Hannah 
Chester. He was b. about 1768, at Groton; was a farmer; d. 
March 9, 1841, at East Haddam, aged 73 years. She d. May 22, 
1852, at East Haddam, aged 84 years. 

Children of Isaac and Lovisa (Avery) Chester, b. at Groton : 

i. Socrates', b. about 1796; m. Jerusha Crosby. 

ii. Elderkin Avery', b. Aug. 14, 1798; m. Lucy Morgan; d. 

July 22, 1839. 
iii. Laura', b. Feb. 5, 1803; m. Andrew Stark; d. Jan. 25, 1852. 
iv. Henry'; m. Eliza Beckwith. 
V. Isaac', b. May, 1813; m. Azubah Clark; d. Jan. 6, 1892. 

828. Vashti^ Avery (Nathan*^, Christopher', Christopher*, 
James^, James-, Christopher^) was b. Sept. 18, 1774, at Groton; 
m. about 1806, as his second wife, Joseph Pettis. He d. April 6, 
1850, aged 90 ; she d. April 18, 1866 ; both are buried in the old 
Bromley graveyard. Sachem Plain, Norwich. 

Child of Joseph and Vashti (Avery) Pettis: 

i. Mercy'; m. Palmer Newton; d. Sept. 7, 1872, at Norwich. 

829. Rebecca" Avery (Nathan'^, Christopher^, Christopher*, 
James^, James-, Christopher^) was b. Oct. 4, 1775, at Groton; m. 
Jan. 24, 1805, at Groton, William Waite, s. of John and Rebecca 
(Mather) Waite. He was b. Nov. 23, 1774, at Lyme; was a 
farmer at Lyme. He d. April 13, 1841 ; she d. Oct. 6, 1842, both 
at Lyme. 

Children of William and Rebecca (Avery) Waite, b. at 
Lyme : 

424 The Groton Avery Clan 

Mercy Higgins', b. Oct. 2, 1806; m. Silas Beebe; d. Sept. 

30, 1869, at Bay City, Mich. 
Nathan Avery", b. May 8, 1808; m. Cordelia Beebe; d. Sept. 
22, 1838, at Lyme. 

ii. William Mather', b. Nov. 6, 1809; d. Dec. 7, 1830, at Cin- 
cinnati, O.; unm. 

V. Prentice Avery*, b. Dec. 3, 1811; m. Esther Mason; 2d, 
Lydia Dearborn ; d. April 19, 1879, at New London. 

v. John ELDERKIN^ b. July 8, 1814; m. Lucy Ann Dowzick; d. 
June 29, 1894, at Lyme. 

vi. Rebecca MATHER^ b. May 30, 1816; m. John Tyler Meech. 

830. Prentice' Avery (Nathmi'^, Christopher^, Christopher*, 
James^, James-, Christopher'^) was b. Oct. 5, 1776, at Groton; m. 
Oct. 9, 1802, Mary Gallup, dau. of Jesse and Catharine (Fish) 
Gallup. She was b. Jan. 8, 1778, at Groton. He d. Sept. 22, 1811 ; 
she d. about 1870. 

Children of Prentice and Mary (Gallup) Avery, b. at Gro- 



Ardelia Everett', b. Nov. 5, 1803. 
i. Eunice Allyn% b. March 13, 1805. 
ii. Mary\ b. Jan. 3, 1807; d. y. 
V. Nathan Prentice", b. Jan. 22, 1809. 

831. Roxcelena" Avery (Nathan^, Christopher'", Christopher"^, 
James^, James-, Christopher^) was b. Oct. 9, 1779, at Groton; m. 
Benjamin Starr, s. of Nicholas and Hannah (Starr) Starr. He 
was b. July 13, 1781, at Groton. He was a tanner and currier; 
lived at Hebron, Griswold, Voluntown, and Jewett City. He d. 
April 25, 1835, at Jewett City; she d. Jan. 20, 1836, at the same 

Children of Benjamin and Roxcelena (Avery) Starr: 

i. Fanny', b. June 18, 1804, at Hebron; m. Phineas Holdridge; 

d. March 13, 1832. 
ii. Vine Avery', b. Aug. 12, 1805, at Voluntown; m. Mary Ann 

Wilcox; 2d, Sally Sullivan; d. Sept. 27, 1846, at East 

Chester, N. Y. 
iii. Eunice', b. Aug. 22, 1807; was a missionary to the Choctaw 

iv. James Madison', b. July 6, 1809, at Voluntown; m. Elizabeth 

v. Lucius Tyler', b. Aug. 30, 1820; d. y. 

The Seventh Generation 425 

832. Prudence" Avery (Nathan^, Christovher'', Christopher*, 
Jamcs^, James-, Christopher^) was b. May 15, 1787, at Groton; 
m. Feb. 17, 1818, at East Haddam, Elial Parker, ij, of John and 
Sarah (Fuller) Parker. He was b. Sept. 17, 1776, at East Had- 
dam. She was his second wife. He was a farmer. He d. Nov. 
24, 1837, at East Haddam; she d. Dec. 31, 1866, at the same 

Children of Elial and Prudence (Avery) Parker; b. at East 

Haddam : 

i. Avery', b. Jan. 10, 1819; m. Ellen Higgins; d. Aug. 22, 

1891, at Flemington, N. J. 
ii. Elial', b. Oct. 1, 1820; m. Amanda W. Griffing. 
iii. OziAS HoLMES^ b. Nov. 13, 1823; m. Maria M. Ayer; d. 
April 28, 1906. 

833. Russell" Avery {Thomas^, Christopher^, Christopher*, 
James^, James", Christopher^) was b. July 18, 1769; m. Betsey 
Wheeler, dau. of Charles and Martha (Williams) Wheeler. He 
moved to Colerain, Mass. He was justice of the peace. He d. 
Dec. 16, 1831 ; she d. about 1843, at Richmond, Mass. 

Children of Russell and Betsey (Wheeler) Avery: 
Eliza", b. about 1798, at Groton. 
EUNICE^ b. July 23, 1800, at Groton. 
Sabra MARIA^ b. July 17, 1802, at Colerain, Mass. 
Martha% b. about 1808, at Colerain; m. William West. 
Mary Ann-, b. about 1811, at Colerain; m. Sidney West. 
Hannah Smith^ b. Jan. 13, 1816, at Colerain. 

835. Gilbert^ Avery {Thomas'^, Christopher'^, Christopher*, 
James^. James-, Christopher'^) was b. Jan. 18, 1775; m. July 21, 
1799, at New London, Lucy Olcott Powers; m. 2d, Sophia Bush- 
nell, dau. of Ira and Martha Bushnell, from England. While the 
children by his second wife were very young, he joined the 
Shakers. Leaving his children by his first wife with the Shakers 
at Enfield, he, with his wife and other children joined the Shakers 
at Lebanon, N. Y. He d. Nov. 26, 1853, at Canaan, N. Y., with 
the Shakers ; she d. Dec. 2, 1866, with the Mt. Lebanon Shakers. 

Children of Gilbert and Lucy Olcott (Powers) Avery, b. at 
Saybrook : 

i. Julia Ann*, b. 1806; d. Dec. 10, 1886, at Enfield, 
ii. Gilbert', b. Jan. 24, 1808; living with the Shakers at Shaker 
Station, in 1905. 













426 The Groton Avery Clan 

Children of Gilbert and Sophia (Bushnell) Avery, b. at Say- 
brook : 

i. Eliza', b. about 1814; d. Dec. 30, 1886, at Mt. Lebanon, 
ii. Giles Bushnell', b. about 1817; d. Dec. 27, 1891, at Water- 
vliet, N. Y., with the Shakers. 

836. Anna' Avery (Thomas'^, Christopher'% Christopher*, 
James"^, James-, Christopher^) was b. Oct. 25, 1777, at Groton; 
m. Samuel Holman Miner, s. of Richardson and Katharine (Hol- 
man) Miner. He was b. March 21, 1776, at Stonington. He was 
a saddler; lived at Colerain, Mass., Halifax, Vt., and later at 
Smithfield, Penn. He d. Jan., 1863, at E. Smithfield. She d. Feb. 
11, 1870, at Monroe, Wis. 

Children of Samuel Holman and Anna (Avery) Miner: 

i. AusTIN^ b. April 24, 1800, at Stonington; m. Relief Haven; 
d. April 5, 1866, at E. Smithfield, Penn. 

ii. Hannah*, b. Feb. 7, 1802, at Colerain; m. Samuel Niles, s. 
of Samuel and Freedom (Hale) Niles; d. March 13, 
1902, at Burlingame, Kansas. She was a very remark- 
able woman, bringing up a large family to be a credit to 
the world and retaining her faculties to the last. 

iii. Nancy*, b. Aug. 3, 1803, at Colerain; m. Joshua Harris; d. 
Feb. 20, 1894, in E. Charlotte, Vt. 

iv. Mary*, b. July 20, 1806, at Colerain, Mass.; m. Chandler 
Otis; d. June 12, 1876, at Buffalo, N. Y. 

V. Thomas"; d. y. 

vi. Samuel Elbert*, b. Dec. 13, 1815, at Halifax; m. Aug. 18, 
1843, at Oriskany, N. Y., Maria Catharine Kelley. She 
was b. Jan. 3, 1820, at Sharon, N. Y. She d. July 26, 
1861, at Brodhead, Wis.; he m. 2d, Lucy Wheeler; 3d, 
Olive Havens. He was a Congregational minister. He d. 
June 26, 1904, at Ridgeway, Mo. By his first wife he had 
eight children: Charles Elbert, b. June 4, 1844, at Madi- 
son, Wis., and d. July 3, 1863, at Gettysburg, Pa. — a 
member of the 7th Mich. Cav. ; Edgar Samuel; George 
Edward; Ellen Matilda; Frances Maria; Anna Mary; 
Etta Alice; and William Avery. William Avery Miner 
was b. May 8, 1861, at Brodhead, Wis.; m. Martha A. 
Spencer; lives at Ridgeway, Mo. 

837. Sabra" Avery (Thomas''', Christopher^, Christopher*^ 
James"", James-, Christopher' ) was b. Sept. 10, 1779, at Groton ; 
m. June 11, 1801, at Groton, Vine Stoddard, s. of Vine and 
Jemima (Fish) Stoddard. He was b. Oct. 28, 1775, at Groton. 

The Seventh Generation 427 

She d. Oct. 7, 1803, at Groton. He m. 2d, Prudence (Morgan) 
Smith (No. 264, iv). He d. Dec. 22, 1863, at Groton. 

Children of Vine and Sabra (Avery) Stoddard, b. at Gro- 

i. HARRIET^ b. Feb. 27, 1802; m. Sidney Morgan, 
ii. Prentice", b. June 20, 1803; m. Frances Mary (Smith) 
Bolles; 2d, Sarah Ann Osborn; d. Feb. 8, 1885, at Bos- 
ton, Mass. 

838. Lucy" Avery {Thomas^, Christopher^, Christopher*, 
James^, James-, Christopher^) was b. July 3, 1784; m. David 
Denison, s. of David and Mary (Babcock) Denison. He was b. 
April 4, 1780, at Leyden, Mass. He was a farmer, sheep-grower, 
and owned a sawmill. She d. Jan. 13, 1830, at Colerain, Mass. ; 
he d. May 4, 1847, at the same place. 

Children of David and Lucy (Avery) Denison : 

1. Nancy Elmira*, b. Dec. 15, 1808, at Bernardston, Mass.; m. 

David Cheney; d. July 1, 1887, at Topeka, Kas. 
ii. Emeline HuNTINGTON^ b. Oct. 14, 1810, at Bernardston; m. 

the Rev. Robert Allyn; d. April 24, 1844, at Colchester, 
iii. Ellen Douglass', b. May 19, 1812, at Bernardston; m. 

Isaac T. Goodenow; d. April 23, 1890, at Manhattan, 

iv. David A.', b. Sept. 23, 1813, at Bernardston; m. Emeline 

A. Cone; d. Aug. 7, 1865, at Colerain. 
V. Joseph*, b. Oct. 1, 1815, at Bernardston; m. Sarah J. 

Woodruff; 2d, Frances A. Dennis; d. Feb. 19, 1900, at 

Manhattan, Kas. 
vi. Charles G.', b. Sept. 21, 1817, at Colerain; d. y. 
vii. Henry S.\ b. Feb. 27, 1820; d. Jan. 10, 1840, at Colerain. 
viii. Hiram Smith\ b. Feb. 27, 1820, at Colerain; d. Dec. 4, 1895, 

at Manhattan, Kas.; unm. 
ix. George', b. July 1, 1822, at Colerain; m. Kate Russell; d. 

Feb. 15, 1876, at Washington, D. C. 
X. Darius C.% b. April 10, 1825, at Colerain; d. Oct. 23, 1850; 


839. Mary' Avery {Thomas\ Christopher'^ Christopher^ 
James\ James-, Christopher^) was b. June 26, 1786, at Groton; 
m. John Denison, s. of David and Keziah (Smith) Denison, and 
sister of Amy, who m. Nathaniel Avery (No. 200). They lived 
at Colerain, Mass. She d. Jan. 17, 1857, at Chicopee, Mass. 

428 The Groton Avery Clan 

Children of John and Mary (Avery) Denison, b. at Colerain : 
i. Mary Louise', b. Oct. 1, 1810; d. Dec. 22, 1860; unm. 
ii. John Avery*, b. April 25, 1812; d. March 4, 1888; unm. 
iii. Hannah Smith^ b. May 5, 1814; m. Robert G. Marsh; d. 

June 10, 1877, at Holyoke, Mass. 
iv. Thomas AvERY^ b. Jan. 5, 1818; m. Clara Danforth; d. 

Sept. 13, 1873, at Chicopee. 
V. SoPHRONiA Augusta^ b. Aug. 8, 1824; m. Horatio Newcomb 

vi. Ann Borodell*, b. June, 1827; m. John Henry White. 
Three other children died in infancy. 

840. Samuel Prentice" Avery {Thomas'^, Christopher^, Chris- 
topher^, James^, James-, Christopher^) was b. Nov. 9, 1793 ; m. 
Sept. 13, 1815, at Middletown, Phebe Ward Clark. She d. March 
20, 1863; he d. Jan., 1871. 

Children of Samuel Prentice and Phebe Ward (Clark) 
Avery : 

2037. i. Lucy ANN^ b. Dec. 18, 1816. 

ii. Phebe Ward', b. Aug. 4, 1818; d. March 8, 1835. 

2038. iii. Samuel Clark', b. Dec. 16, 1820. 

841. Elizabeth" Avery (Samuel^, Christopher^, Christopher*, 
James^, James-, Christo^^her^) was b. June 19, 1781, at Norwich; 
m. Oct. 10, 1804, at Norwich, Major Thomas Tracy, s. of Samuel 
and Sybil (Lathrop) Tracy. He was b. Dec. 23, 1769, at Nor- 
wich. He d. Dec. 29, 1806; she d. April 22, 1822, both at Nor- 

Children of Thomas and Elizabeth (Avery) Tracy, b. at Nor- 

i. Elizabeth', b. June 21, 1805; d. Nov. 21, 1807. 
ii. Ann THOMAS^ b. Dec. 28, 1806; m. James T. Richards; d. in 
1843, at Norwich. 

842. Samuer Avery {Samuel^, Christopher^, Christopher*,^, James-, Christopher'^) was b. Aug. 31, 1784, at Norwich, 
Conn. ; m. Nov. 28. 1804, Chloe Elmer,, dau. of Daniel and Jeru- 
sha (Olcott) Elmer. She was b. Nov. 28, 1782, at South Wind- 
sor, He was a stone cutter. She d. June 22, 1862; he d. Dec. 
28, 1863, both at South Windsor. 

Children of Samuel and Chloe (Elmer) Avery, b. at South 

The Seventh Generation 429 

i. Daniel ELMER^ b. May 7, 1805; d. Jan. 20, 1834, at Man- 
chester; unm. 

ii. William Henry^, b. March 18, 1S07; d. April 25, 1842, at 
Staten Island, N. Y., vmm. 

2039. iii. Samuel Thomas', b. April 7, 1809. 

2040. iv. Eunice M.^ b. Sept. 25, 1811. 

2041. V. Chloe Mary', b. May 17, 1814. 

2042. vi. Jerusha Olcott', b. Dec. 21, 1816. 

2043. vii. Elizabeth Caroline", b. April 12, 1819. 

2044 viii. Wealthy Ann WARBURTON^ b. April 16, 1821. 

2045. ix. Julia Ann', b. April 17, 1827. 

843. Henry" Avery (Samuel^, Christopher^, Christophe7'*y 
James^, James-, Christopher^) was b. Aug. 29, 1786, at Norwich; 
m. Rachel Russell, He was a lawyer and lived at Cincinnati, 
Ohio. He d. in 1838, at Cincinnati, and his widow m. George 
Hatch. She d. Feb. 24, 1866. 

Children of Henry and Rachel (Russell) Avery, b. at Cincin- 

2046. i. Emily", b. Sept. 22, 1832. 

2047. ii, Francis", b. Nov. 28, 1834. 

850. Nathan" Avery (Isaac^, Nathan^ Ch7istopher*, James^, 
James-, Christopher'^) was b. Sept. 21, 1775, at Groton North 
Parish (now Ledyard) ; m. Dec. 16, 1802, at Ledyard, Matilda 
Babcock, dau, of James and Margaret (Geer) Babcock. She was 
b. Nov. 1, 1779, at Groton. He was a farmer and miller and was 
prominent in the church. He d. May 25, 1855; she d. Oct. 2, 
1861, both at Ledyard. 

Children of Nathan and Matilda (Babcock) Avery, b. at 
Groton North Parish, now Ledyard : 

2060. i. Nathan Smith*, b. April 8, 1803; probably died unmarried; 

nothing known of him. 

2061. ii. Elias Babcock', b. March 6, 1805. 

iii. Phebe', b. about 1807; d. Feb. 1, 1863; unm. 

2062. iv. Albert GALLATIN^ b. Jan. 6, 1809. 

V. Mary HANNAH^ b. April 24, 1811; d. July 5, 1816. 

2063. vi. Ardelia', b. March 22, 1813; m. Oct. 18, 1842, at Yates, 

N. Y., Henry Tuttle. 
vii. Lucy*, b. June 2, 1815; d. about 1892, at Rochester, N. Y.j 

2064. viii. James Babcock', b. Feb. 21, 1818. 

2065. ix. Amos Geer', b. March 3, 1822. 

430 The Groton Avery Clan 

851. Isaac^ Avery (Isaac'', Nathan^, Christopher*, James^, 
Jaynes'-, Christopher'^) was b. Jan. 14, 1777, at Groton North 
Parish, now Ledyard ; m. April 27, 1800, at Stonington, Tabitha 
Wheeler, dau. of Paul and Mary (Wheeler) Wheeler. She was 
b. April 2, 1786, at Stonington. He d. April 14, 1810. 

Children of Isaac and Tabitha (Wheeler) Avery: 

2066. i. Tabitha', b. June 6, 1801. 

ii. Lucy Ann\ b. May 8, 1804; d. Dec, 1807. 

2067. iii. Isaac Wheeler', b. Oct. 14, 1806. 

2068. iv. Charles", b. Oct. 14, 1806; m. and went south; no further 


853. Christopher Swan"^ Avery (/saac% Nathan'', Christo- 
pher*, James', James'-, Christopiier') was b. Nov. 25, 1788, at 
Groton North Parish, now Ledyard; m. Margaret Brewster, dau. 
of Benjamin and Susannah (Green) Brewster, of "Mayflower" 
descent. She was b. Nov. 12, 1794, at Windham. She d. April 
7, 1827, at Windham. He m. 2d, a Widow Kent. He served as 
physician and surgeon in the war of 1812 ; was eminent in his 
profession. He d. July 2, 1862, at Windham. 

Child of Christopher Swan and Margaret (Brewster) 
Avery : 

2069. i. Susan Dorrance', b. July 27, 1814, at Windham. 
Two other children died in infancy. 

854. William Wheeler^ Avery (/saac^ Nathan"^, Christo- 
pher*, James'\ James-, Christopher^) was b. June 20, 1791, at 
Groton North Parish, now Ledyard; m. March 29, 1812, Nancy 
Smith, dau. of Thomas and Thankful (Bennett) Smith. She was 
b. May 20, 1788, at Preston. He was a farmer and tavern keeper. 
A William W. Avery was sergeant in Anson Avery's co. of mili- 
tia, in 1813, 1814 (Conn. Men in War of 1812, p. 7) . He d. July 
25, 1865, at Lebanon ; she d. Dec. 13, 1872, at Coventry. 

Children of William Wheeler and Nancy (Smith) Avery: 
William Smith', b. Jan. 7, 1813, at Groton. 
Horatio Nelson', b. April 2, 1815, at Groton. 
Nancy Ordelia', b. July 25, 1818, at Groton. 
Margaret Brewster', b. Aug. 5, 1822, at Willimantic. 
Christopher Watson', b. Jan. 19, 1825, at Willimantic. 











The Seventh Generation 431 

855. Paul Wheeler^ Avery {LuthcY\ Nathan^, Christopher^ 
James", James'-, Christopher^) was b. May 18, 1789, at Stoning- 
ton. He is said to have married and left four children. Lucy, 
wife of Simeon Peckham, formerly wife of Paul Avery, died 
April 20, 1840, at Windham, aged 47 years. According to a letter 
from his brother, Alfred Avery (No. 857), he left a widow and 
one son. 

856. Polly' Avery (Luther^, Nathan% Christopher*, James'', 
James-, Christopher^) was b. March 14, 1792, at Stonington. 
She is said to have married and left four children. She d. June 
18, 1867 (Letter of Alfred Avery, No. 857). 

857. Alfred'' Avery (Luther^, Nathan% Christopher*, James^, 
James-, Christopher') was b. Dec. 1, 1794, at Stonington; m. 
March 1, 1827, at Stonington^ Fanny S. Wheeler, dau. of Asa and 
Mary (Brown) Wheeler. She was b. June 27, 1807, at Stoning- 
ton. She d. Dec. 20, 1853, and was buried in the Scotland Parish 
burying-ground. He m. a second time. According to a letter 
from him written in 1869, he had then two living children, two 
died in infancy and one died in the civil war. He d. Aug. 28, 
1884, at Windham ; buried in Scotland Parish burying-ground. 

Child of Alfred and Fanny S. (Wheeler) Avery: 

i. CouRTLAND C.\ d. June 24, 1863, aged 26, in co. G., 26th regi- 
ment, Conn, volunteers. 

858. Phebe' Avery (Luther^, Nathan^, Christopher*, James^, 
James'-, Christopher^) was b. March 7, 1797, ^i Stonington; m. 
Nov., 1815, Elisha Burnham, s. of William and Lois (Grow) 
Burnham. He was b. Aug. 12, 1794, at Scotland. She d. Oct. 16, 
1836, at Windham; he d. Dec. 18, 1866. 

Children of Elisha and Phebe (Avery) Burnham, b. at 
Windham : 

i. Edwin E.', b. Oct. 18, 1816; m. Amanda Lincoln. 

ii. Alfred A.', b. March 8, 1819; m. Delia D. Cleveland. 

iii. Phebe Ann', b. Feb. 16, 1822; d. y. 

iv. Lucy Ann', b. Aug. 29, 1823; m. Wolcott Cary. 

V. Ardelia', b. Jan. 10, 1826; m. John Larabee. 

vi. AMANDA^ b. May 16, 1828; m. Charles Larabee. 

vii. Fanny Ellen', b. Nov. 4, 1832; d. y. 

432 The Groton Avery Clan 

859. Miranda' Avery {Luther^, Nathan% Cliristopher*, 
James", James-, Christopher'') was b. Feb. 7, 1800, at Stoning- 
ton; m. Feb. 24, 1831, at Preston, Christopher Champlin, s. of 
Charles and Mary (Woodburn) Champlin. He was b. March 12, 
1792, at Preston. According to her brother, Alfred Avery (No. 
857), she had four children. 

860. William RandalF Avery '{Luther^, Nathan^, Christo- 
pher^, James^, James-, Christopher'^) was b. March 18, 1802, at 
Stonington; m. Feb. 28, 1832, at Coventry, Rhoda Emeline 
Avery (No. 406), dau. of Denison and Hannah (Babcock) Avery. 
She was b. June 22, 1809, at Groton. He was a farmer. He d. 
June 1, 1864, at Fremont, Iowa; she d. Nov. 2, 1896, at New 

Children of William Randall and Rhoda Emeline (Avery) 
Avery : 

2084. i. William Denison', b. March 28, 1833, at Windham. 

2085. ii. Eliza Emeline-, b. Oct. 16, 1834, at Windham. 

2086. iii. Anna M.^ b. Dec. 8, 1836, at Homer, N. Y. 

iv. Luther**, b. July 14, 1839, at Homer; was in second Iowa 
cavalry; d. Feb. 6, 1862, in St. Louis Hospital; unm. 

V. Nathan FRANKLIN^ b. July 5, 1843, at Homer; sergeant in 
26th Conn, volunteers; d. Feb. 21, 1863, at New London. 

861. Nancy'^ Avery {Stephen^, Nathan^, Christopher"^, 
James^, James-, Christopher'^) was b. Dec. 29, 1783, at Stoning- 
ton ; m. Jan, 8, 1804, at Stonington, Isaac Williams, s. of Isaac 
and Phebe (Williams) Williams. He was b. Aug. 23, 1781, at 
Stonington. She d. Dec. 7, 1821, at Stonington; he m. 2d, Sarah 
Burnham. He d. Nov. 11, 1847, at Stonington. 

Children of Isaac and Nancy (Avery) Williams, b. at Ston- 
ington : 

i. Nancy Angeline", b. Nov. 19, 1804; m. Junn Holmes, jr.; 

d. Jan. 21, 1835, at Stonington. 
ii. Stephen Avery', b. Sept. 26, 1806; d. y. 
iii. Hannah A.^ b. Feb. 21, 1808; d. Dec. 29, 1860; unm. 
iv. Mary A.', b. March 19, 1810; m. Horace Knight; d. April 6, 

V. Isaac Atwood\ b. May 30, 1813; d. Aug. 26, 1834. 
vi. Lucy Hallam', b. April 22, 1816. 

The Seventh Generation 433 

vii. Joel Benedict', b. Dec. 22, 1818; m. Elizabeth N. Niles; d. 

Oct. 26, 1875. 
viii. Augustus Pomeroy*, b. Aug. 12, 1821; d. Sept. 22, 1851; 


862. Stephen Lyman' Avery (Stephen^, Nathan^, Christo- 
pher*, James^, James-, Christopher^) was b. May 12, 1786, at 
Stoningion; m. Dec. 1, 1815, Rebecca Wheeler, dau. of Hosea and 
Bridget (Grant) Wheeler and widow of Thomas Wheeler. She 
was b. Feb 28, 1785, at Stonington. He was made cornet of 4th 
troop, 3d reg't cavalry, June, 1809, colonel of the 2d reg't of 
horse, 1817 (Ms. State papers, Hartford). 

Children of Stephen Lyman and Rebecca (Wheeler) Avery, 
b. at Stonington : 

2087. 1. Stephen Edwin\ b. Dec. 6, 1816; m. Mary Pratt; d. at Nor- 

wich, N. Y., about 1863. No children. 

2088. ii. Hosea Wheeler', b. May 6, 1818. 

2089. iii. Nancy Wheeler\ b. Oct. 26, 1822. 

863. Hannah Mary'^ Avery {Stephen"^, Nathan^ Christo- 
pher\ James"^, James'-, Christopher^) was b. June 18, 1789, at 
Stonington ; m. Luther Miner, s. of Daniel and Mary or Mercy 
(Denison) Miner. He was b. March 27, 1788, at Stonington. 
No children. 

864. Roswell RandalF Avery {Stephen", Nathan^, Christo- 
pher*, James--,'-, Christopher'^) was b. Nov. 5, 1791, at 
Stonington ; m. April 19, 1818, at North Stonington, formerly a 
parish of Stonington, Mary Ann Wheeler, dau. of Asa and Mary 
(Brown) Wheeler. She was b. June 27, 1800, at Stonington. He 
was a sergeant of militia in the war of 1812 {Conn. Men in War 
of 1812, p. 7, where he is called Russell R. Avery) ; ensign of 7th 
CO., 8th reg't, 1816 {Ms. State Papers, Hartford). He later 
moved to Norwich, N. Y. 

Children of Roswell Randall and Mary Ann (Wheeler) 

Avery, b. at North Stonington : 

2090. i. Mary Ann\ b. Jan. 1, 1821. 

ii. Cornelia C.\ b. March 25, 1823; d. Nov. 24, 1889; unm. 

2091. iii. Rebecca. Wheeler', b. March 18, 1826. 

iv. Emma Wheeler', b. June 27, 1828; d. Sept. 8, 1829, at Nor- 
wich, N. Y. 

434 The Groton Avery Clan 

865. Charles Grandison'^ Avery {Stephen^, Nathan^, Chris- 
tovher*, James^, James-, Christopher^) was b. April 9, 1796, at 
Stonington ; m. Nov. 4, 1823, at North Stonington, Ede Denison 
Wheeler, dau. of Asa and Mary (Brown) Wheeler and sister of 
the wife of Roswell Randall Avery (No. 864). She was b. Oct. 
22, 1803, at Stonington. He was a farmer. She d. Aug. 3, 1837, 
at North Stonington ; he d. Sept. 6, 1837, at same place. 

Children of Charles Grandison and Ede Denison Wheeler, 
b. at North Stonington : 

2092. i. Harriet B.', b. May 27, 1825. 

2093. ii. Charles Grandison^ b. July, 1828; enlisted in the Union 

Army, Aug. 2, 1862; d. of wounds received in the battle 

of Drury's Bluff, Va., July 21, 1864. 
iii. Cyrus Wheeler', b. 1829; d. March 8, 1833. 
iv. Almira W.', b. Oct. 6, 1835 ; d. unm. 
Two other children died in infancy. 

866. Eliza Adeline^ Avery {Stephen^, Nathan^, Christo- 
pher\ James'', James-, Christopher^) was b. Nov. 17, 1805, at 
Stonington; m. March 20, 1823, Elisha Park. She d. Oct. 9, 
1865, at North Stonington. 

J Child of Elisha and Eliza Adeline (Avery) Park: 
i. Emily^, b. 1825; d. Feb. 16, 1833. 

867. Wealthy Amira" Avery (Stephen^, Nathan^, Christo- 
pher^, James^, Jayyws-, Christopher'') was b. Sept. 29, 1807, at 
Stonington ; m. May 16, 1831, George Ayers, s. of Elisha and 
Hope (Fanning) Ayers. She d. Nov. 30, 1835. 

Child of George and Wealthy Amira (Avery) Ayers: 
i. George', b. July 10, 1834; d. Dec. 30, 1851. 

868. Alexander Hamilton' Avery (Stephen^, Nathan^, Chris- 
topher*, James-', James-, Christopher'^) was b. June 28, 1814, at 
Stonington ; m. Aug. 9, 1838, at Monson, Mass., Mary Whitaker, 
dau. of Dr. Ede and Hannah (Bugbee) Whitaker. She was b. 
Jan. 7, 1817, at Monson. She d. Sept. 14, 1853, at Springfield, 
Mass. He m. 2d, Nov. 30, 1854, at Springfield, Sarah Hooker 
Osgood, dau. of the Rev. Samuel and Mary S. (Osgood) Osgood. 
She was b. March 17, 1826, at Springfield. He was a merchant. 
He d. June 27, 1862, at Brookline, Mass. 

The Seventh Generation 435 

Children of Alexander Hamilton and Mary (Whitaker) 
Avery, b, at Springfield, Mass.: 

i. Emma Louise", b. Dec. 5, 1843; d. y. 

2094. ii. Louisa Huntington', b. March 7, 1846. 

2095. iii. Mary Elizabeth', b. July 5, 1848. 

Children of Alexander Hamilton and Sarah Hooker (Os- 
good) Avery: 

i. James Osgood", b. Sept. 27, 1855, at Springfield; d. April 13, 

1862, on the ocean, 
ii. William Bewster^ b. Dec. 20, 1856, at Brookline; d. y. 
iii. Anna Osgood'*, b. Nov. 8, 1859, at Brookline; d. y. 
iv. Alexander Morgan', b. June 8, 1862, at Brookline; d. y. 

869. Ralph Hurlbut^ Avery (Stephen"^, Nathan\ Christo- 
pher*, James^, James'-, Christopher^) was b. April 22, 1816, at 
Stonington ; m. June 21, 1842, at Stonington, Martha Cheseboro 
Randall, dau. of Col. William and Martha (Cheseboro) Randall. 
She was b. April 4, 1817, at Stonington. He was a merchant and 
farmer; later removed to Canastota, N. Y., where he conducted 
a coal business; was collector of internal revenue during the 
war; was prominent in political, religious and commercial 
affairs. He d. May 16, 1889; she d. March 10, 1897, both at 
Canastota, N. Y. 

Children of Ralph Hurlbut and Martha Cheseboro (Randall) 
Avery : 

William Randall^ b. Nov. 12, 1843, at Norwich. 
Stephen*, b. Nov. 24, 1845, at Norwich. 
Elizabeth Morgan', b. Oct. 26, 1847, at Norwich. 
Martha Randall% b. Dec. 23, 1849, at Brooklyn, N. Y. 
Gertrude', b. Aug. 17, 1852, at Brooklyn; d. Oct. 31, 1853, at 

Ralph', b. Aug. 22, 1857, at Lenox, N. Y. 
John James*, b. Dec. 18, 1859, at Lenox; d. July 19, 1861, at 


870. Frances Mary'' Avery {Stephen^, Nathan^, Christo- 
pher*, James^, James-, Christopher^) was b. Sept. 20, 1821, at 
North Stonington, formerly Stonington; m. Jan. 12, 1843, at 
North Stonington, Richard Anson Wheeler, s. of Richard and 
Mary (Hewett) Wheeler. He was b. Jan. 29, 1817, at Stoning- 
ton. She d. Sept. 3, 1855, at Stonington. He m. 2d, Miss Lucy 













436 The Groton Avery Clan 

A. Noyes, by whom he had one daughter, Grace Denison. 
Richard Anson Wheeler was commissioned captain of the 6th 
company, 8th Conn, militia, at the age of twenty ; member of the 
board of education for fifteen years; selectman and assessor 
four years; justice of the peace; representative to the general 
assembly in 1851 ; high sheriff of New London County, 1860 to 
1872; judge of probate from 1864 to 1887, when he became 
ineligible on account of age ; notary public, 53 years ; president 
of the Connecticut Historical Society; of the Groton Monument 
Association ; member of the church committee of the First Con- 
gregational church for 65 years; author of the History of the 
First Church ; author of History of Stonington ; an authority 
on early New England history. He d. April 6, 1904, in the house 
where he was born and in which he lived his long and useful life. 
Children of Richard Anson and Frances Mary (Avery) 
Wheeler, b. at Stonington: 

i. Eliza Mary*, b. Jan. 9, 1844; m. Henry Tyler. 

ii. Emily Avery', b. June 30, 1855; m. Seth Noyes Williams. 

876. Prudence" Avery {Jacob^, Jacob^, Christopher^, James^y 
James-: Christopher^) was b. Aug. 26, 1788, at Groton; m. Oct. 
16, 1814, at Groton, Dudley Avery. He was b. Dec. 16, 1791. 
For some years he had charge of Fisher's Island ; was a sergeant 
in the war of 1812 {Conn. Men in the War of 1812, p. 7) ; ensign 
7th CO., 1st reg't of riflemen, 1817 {Ms. State Papers, Hartford) ; 
held many town offices in Connecticut; removed to Ohio; the 
town of Avery, 0., was named for him ; was held in high esteem ; 
was justice of the peace many years. He d. Sept. 30, 1854, at 
Lyme, 0. ; she d. Dec. 29, 1870, at Weston, 0. 

Children of Dudley and Prudence (Avery) Avery: 
Dudley Austin', b. Sept. 22, 1815, at Groton. 
HiRAM% b. Feb. 7, 1817, at Groton. 
Luther*, b. April 30, 1819, at Groton. 
Sidney Stoddard', b. April 16, 1821, at Groton; d. Feb. 24, 

1830; buried in the Edward Avery burying-ground. 
Sarah E.', b. Aug. 14, 1823, at Groton. 

John Q. A.', b. June 12, 1825, at Groton; d. y.; buried in 
the Edward Avery burying-ground. 
vii. Lucy Ann\ b. Dec. 30, 1826, at Groton; d. Oct. 9, 1830; 
buried in the Edward Avery burying-ground. 











The Seventh Generation 437 

2105. viii. Joshua Orlando', b. Nov. 23, 1828, at Groton. 

2106. ix. Sylvia Ann', b. Aug. 31, 1830, at Groton. 

2107. X. Prudence Olive", b. July 9, 1832, at Salem. 

877. Sylvia"^ Avery (Jacob*^, Jacob'', Christopner^, James'-, 
James-, Christopher'^) was b. March 26, 1790, at Groton; m. 
John Comstock, s. of Oliver and Amy (Comstock) Comstock. He 
was b. Jan. 31, 1785, at Montville, Conn. After her death, he 
was twice married. 

878. Priscilla^ Avery (Jacob^, Jacob% Christopher*, James^, 
James-, Christopher'^) was b. July 17, 1793, at Groton; m. March 
26, 1818, at Groton, Enoch Lamb, s. of Deacon Samuel and 
Tabitha (Wightman) Lamb. He was b. July 17, 1794, at Groton. 
He was a cooper. She d. Sept. 27, 1841 ; he d. June 17, 1851, both 
at Circleville, Ohio. 

Children of Enoch and Priscilla (Avery) Lamb: 

i. Erastus AvERY^ b. Dec. 31, 1820, at Groton; m. Maria M. 
Garretson; d. April 11, 1897, at Salem, Ohio. 

ii. Jacob Wightman^ b. May 21, 1823, at Ledyard; m. Eliza- 
beth Parish; d. Aug. 14, 1898, at Longmont, Colo. 

iii. Harriet Newell", b. July 7, 1825, at Lansingburg, N. Y.; 
m. William Henry Nye; d. July 7, 1863, at Albion, Iowa. 

iv. John Owen", b. Nov. 4, 1827, at Lansingburg; m. Ann Par- 
ish; d. May, 1897, at Elkhart, Ind. 

V. William Lawrence', b. Jan. 21, 1830, at Lansingburg; d. at 
Elkhart, Ind. 

vi. Samuel Minton-, b. April 28, 1832, at Lansingburg; d. 
March 12, 1851, at Circleville, Ohio. 

vii. Sarah Elizabeth^ b. June 26, 1834, at Circleville; d. March 
26, 1840, at Circleville. 

viii. Mary PERMELIA^ b. Aug. 24, 1837, at Circleville; m. James 
Denbow; 2d, James Linn Eakins. 

879. Luther" Avery (Jacob^, Jacob^, Christopher*, James"^, 
James-, Christopher^) was b. Dec. 4, 1795, at Groton; m. March 
31, 1822, Deborah Hammond, dau. of James and Deborah (Snow) 
Hammond. She was b. May 13, 1800, at Rochester, Mass. He 
d. before 1837, in which year she m. Wyatt Snow. She d. Feb. 8, 
1867. No children. 

438 The Groton Avery Clan 

880. Mary^ Avery {Jacoh^, Jacobs Christopher^, James^, 
James-, Christopher^) was b. April 2, 1799, at Groton; m. Dec. 
7, 1831, at Groton, Peleg Spicer Tefft, s. of Peleg and Rebecca 
(Barker) Tefft. He was b. Oct. 9, 1808, at Westerly, R. I. He 
was a farmer. She d. Aug. 8, 1865, at Providence, R. I. ; he d. 
March 31, 1876, at North Stonington. 

Children of Peleg Spicer and Mary (Avery) Tefft, b. at 
Westerly, R. I.: 

i. Peleg Spicer^ b. Dec. 19, 1832; m. Lydia Gavett Bliven; d. 

Aug. 24, 1897, at Westerly, 
ii. Jacob Avery*, b. July 30, 1835; m. Martba Ann Rogers; d. 

Jan. 9, 1892, at Providence, 
iii. Rebecca Maria', b. Oct. 18, 1841; m. Elisha Satterlee Allyn, 
s. of Samuel Geer and Lydia Geer (Satterlee) Allyn 
(No. 355, i). 

891. Alanson^ Avery (Frederick^, Jacoh^, Christopher*, 

James^, James-, Christopher^) ; m. Nancy Eglin, dau. of 

and Nancy (Dodds) Eglin. He was a farmer; moved from Ben- 
son, N. Y., to North Oxford, Ontario, Canada; d. March 21, 1880, 
at North Oxford. 

Children of Alanson and Nancy (Eglin) Avery: 

2127. i. John Eglin', b. Feb. 7, 1819, at Johnstown, N. Y. 

2128. ii. Cornelius*. 

iii. ALANSON^ 

2129. iv. Silas Wood', b. Sept. 23, 1823, at Oxford, Ontario. 

2130. V. Orrin', b. Nov. 15, 1829, at Oxford. 

2131. vi. Henry'. 

2132. vii. Daniel Stoddard', b. April 26, 1841, at North Oxford, Ont. 

2133. viii. Mary Jane'. 

2134. ix. Catharine\ 

2135. X. ELIZA^ 

892. Frederick'' Avery {Frederick^, Jacob^, Christopher*, 
James\ James", Christo2)hei'^) was b. Oct. 4, 1796, at Groton; m. 
about 1825, at North Broadalbin, N. Y., Sarah Benedict, dau. of 
James and Sylvia (Reed) Benedict. She was b. June 8, 1799, at 
North Broadalbin. He was a farmer. He d. Jan. 28, 1878 ; she 
d. March 15, 1884, both at North Broadalbin. 











The Seventh Generation 439 

Children of Frederick and Sarah (Benedict) Avery, b. at 
North Broadalbin : 

Lydia', b. Nov. 30, 1826. 
Amos', b. July 16, 1828. 
Sylvia', b. Feb. 9, 1833. 
James Benedict", b. Dec. 7, 1834. 
Angeline', b. Nov. 15, 1839. 

911. Walter '^ Avery (Oliver^, Jonathan^, Jonathan*, James^, 
James-, Christopher') was b. July 7, 1757, at Charlemont, Mass.; 
published Oct. 15, 1779, at Charlemont, Mass., to Hannah John- 
son, of Colerain, Mass. He soon married, as Nov. 18, 1779, his 
father deeded, out of love to his son, Walter and his wife Hannah, 
certain lands in Charlemont. An old account book of Dr. John 
Long of Sherburne shows an account with him in 1784 and 1785. 
On the Greenfield, Mass., records is found "Died March 26, 1795, 
the wife of Walter Avery, on a journey to this place." 

Children of Walter and Hannah (Johnson) Avery, b. at 
Charlemont : 

Sarah', b. Sept. 19, 1780. 
Oliver*, b. July 28, 1782. 
AsherS b. Sept. 2, 1784. 
Walter', b. about 1787. 

912. Lois'^ Avery (Oliver^, Jonathan^, Jonathan*, James^, 
James-, Christopher^) was b. April 11, 1763, at Charlemont, 
Mass. ; m Jan. 31, 1783, Zebulon Benton. 

Child of Zebulon and Lois (Avery) Benton: 
i. John Lias', b. Dec. 25, 1783. 

913. Mary^ Avery {Oliver^, Jonathan^, Jonathan*, James^, 
James-, Christopher'^) was b. July 2, 1765, at Charlemont, Mass.; 
m. Ichabod Hawks. 

936. Elisha" Avery {Jonathan^, Abner^, Jonathan*, James^, 
James-, Christopher^) was b. Nov. 14, 1783, at Enfield; m. Nov. 
22, 1808, at Enfield, Persis Pease, dau. of John and Charity 
(Thompson) Pease. She was b. April 23, 1785, at Enfield. He 
d. Aug. 14, 1826 ; she d. March 23, 1828, both at Enfield. 
Children of Elisha and Persis (Pease) Avery: 
2183. 1. Emeline', b. Sept. 12, 1809, at Enfield; m. William Wood- 
ward; moved to Elmira, N. Y.; five children. 









440 The Groton Avery Clan 

2184. ii. Persis", b. Aug. 6, 1811, at Warehouse Point. 

2185 iii. Elisha Pease', b. March 5, 1814, at Enfield. 

2186. iv. Charles Austin", b. Dec. 23, 1816, at Enfield. 

V. Charlotte Augusta*, b. 1818, at Cortland, N. Y.; d. Dec, 

1843; unm. 

vi. Laura M.% b. March 26, 1820, at Cortland; d. unm. 

2187. vii. James Harvey', b. Nov. 4, 1821, at Cortland. 

937. SamueF Avery (Jonathan'', Ahner^\ Jonathan^ James^, 
James'-, Christopher'') was b. Feb. 11, 1786, at Enfield; m. about 
1817, at Charlemont, Mass., Priscilla Bates, dau. of Dr. Stephen 
and Jane (Roberts) Bates. She was b, Aug. 25, 1789, at Charle- 
mont. He was a blacksmith. She d. about 1866, at Lamoille, 
111. ; he d. March 28, 1871, at th*e same place. 

Children of Samuel and Priscilla (Bates) Avery, b. at 
Charlemont : 

2188. i. Priscilla Bates', b. Dec. 12, 1819. 

ii. Samuel F.'', b. Dec. 24, 1822; was graduated at Pittsfield, 
Mass.; was a physician; d. June 19, 1882, at Lamoille. 

2189. iii. Stephen Bates', b. March 24, 1824. 

iv. Jane Maria^ b. Dec. 14, 1828; d. at Lamoille; unm. 

2190. V. Wealthy Hunt', b. Feb. 25, 1833. 

938. Pamelia'' Avery {Jonathan*^, Abner^, Jo7iathan\ James^, 
James'-, Christopher') was b. Jan. 21, 1788, at Enfield; m. 
Thomas Fox. She d. May 29, 1876, and was buried at Colerain, 
Mass. No children. 

939. Amy'' Avery {Jonathan^, Ahner^, Jonathan'*', James"^, 
James'-, Christopher^) was b. Jan. 16, 1790, at Enfield; m. Ros- 
well Rice; d. about 1879 and was buried at Charlemont. No 

940. Almira^ Avery {Jonatha7i\ Ahner'', Jonathan^ James\ 
James-, Christopher' ) was b. Jan. 28, 1792, at Enfield ; m. John 
Giles, s. of Edward and Margaret (Kennon) Giles. He was b. 
May 14, 1790, at East Charlemont, Mass. He was a physician 
and teacher. He d. July 8, 1844, at Hamilton, Ohio ; she d. about 
1884, at Decatur, 111. 

Children of John and Almira (Avery) Giles, b. at Charle- 
mont, Mass.: 

The Seventh Generation 


Chauncey*, b. May 11, 1813; m. Sept. 8, 1841, at Palmyra, 
New York, Eunice Lakey, dau. of Abner Forbes and Lucy 
(Pomeroy) Lakey, b. May 18, 1821, at Palmyra. He was 
a clergyman; lived at Cincinnati, New York, and Phila- 
delphia. He d. Nov. 6, 1893, at Philadelphia. They had 
seven children : Lucy Pomeroy who m. Henry William 
Guernsey; Frank Warren who m. Mary Ella V. Bennett; 
Chauncey Lakey who m. Essie Kate Lloyd; Carrie who 
m. James Richard Carter; Edxvard who d. y. ; Charles 
Henry who m. Sadie Carlin; John William who m. Hen- 
rietta Peck. 

ii. Almira Avery", b. March 3, 1818; m. April 29, 1840, at 
Tuscaloosa, Ala., George Wescott Powers, s. of William 
and Abigail (Kendrix) Powers, b. Jan. 17, 1814, at Charl- 
ton, N. Y. He was a lawyer; d. Sept. 16, 1849, at Deca- 
tur, 111. She was highly educated, having taken the full 
course in Miss Willard's famous school followed by a 
course at Mount Union College. After her husband's 
death, wishing to retain the extensive landed property 
in which he had invested, she taught school for seven 
years and thus saved her children's heritage for them. 
She was the first president of the Decatur public library 
and was called the mother of education for that city. She 
left her beautiful home to live with her youngest daugh- 
ter, and died at St. Louis, April 2, 1900, loved by all who 
knew her. They had three children, all b. at Decatur: 
Emma who m. John Kirkpatrick Warren; Sarah Abigail 

442 The Groton Avery Clan 

who m. George Solon Durfee; and Ada who m. Edwin 
Delzer Bartholomew. The second of these children, Mrs. 
Sarah Abigail (Powers) Durfee, had two sons, George 
Powers, and Ralph Earnest, and four daughters, Emada 
Lamira, Mabcll Almira, Mary Giselle, and Abbie Fay. 
The cut on p. 441 represents these Durfee sisters. 

iii. Caroline Maria', b. March 29, 1820; m. March 3, 1846, at 
Decatur, Samuel St. John Powers, s. of William and Abi- 
gail (Hendrix) Powers, b. May 18, 1816, at Charlton, 
N. Y. He was a farmer; d. Feb. 7, 1885, at Decatur. 
They had ten children, all b. at Decatur: William Lor- 
enzo; Myra Abby; Carrie Maria; George Wescott, who 
m. Hadassah Bowers, and now lives at Decatur; Elleyi 
M. and Mary who died young; Theron Avery, who m. 
Hathaway Pickrell Jones and lives at Decatur; Frank 
Samuel; Edward Giles; and Chauncy M. 

iv. James Kennon", b. Jan. 8, 1824; m. July 21, 1853, at Placer- 
ville, Calif., Rosena Extine Jones, dau. of John and 
Martha Eliza (Willard) Jones, b. April 1, 1835. He is 
a farmer. Residence, Balls Ferry, Calif. They had ten 
children, all b. at Placerville. 

V. Edward*, b. April, 1827; d. unm. 

vi. Maria Avery', b. April, 1830; m. Henry Prather Elliott, s. 
of Jesse Elliott. He was a merchant. He d. Feb. 16, 
1859, at Decatur. She m. 2d, Frank Pitt Hardy. She d. 
April 21, 1871, at Decatur. Her children by her first 
husband died young. By her second she had one daugh- 
ter, Josephene. 

vii. Ellen Margaret', b. April 16, 1835; d. Jan. 1, 1860; unm. 

942, Annis'' Avery (Jonathan^, Abner^, Jonathan"^, James^, 
James-, Christoj^her^) was b. April 13, 1796, at Enfield; m. Dec, 
25, 1815, at Charlemont, Mass., Caleb Hill. He was b. Dec. 19, 
1786, at Gardiner, Mass. ; d. June 18, 1842, at Charlemont. She 
d. May 25, 1885, at Wauwatosa, Wis. 

Children of Caleb and Annis (Avery) Hill: 

i. Warren', b. Sept. 15, 1816, at Charlemont; m. Mary Snowj 
was a carpenter and builder; d. April 16, 1859, at Black 
Earth, Wis. They had two children; Maria, who m. 
Benjamin Franklin Snow, and Harriet Isabel. 
ii. Thomas Fox^ b. July 8, 1818, at Charlemont; m. Isabella 
Ward. She d. Aug. 25, 1882, at Ann Arbor, Mich.; he 
d. Nov. 8, 1890, at Ann Arbor. They had two children, 
John Ward, who was a graduate of the University of 
Michigan, class of 1865, and d. June 18, 1875, at Newton, 

The Seventh Generation 443 

Kas., unm., and Ella Marie, who was b. May 11, 1848, at 
North Adams, Mass., and m. Aug. 8, 1881, at Ann Arbor, 
George Kingsley, s. of Judge James and Lucy Ann 
(Clark) Kingsley. He was b. Jan. 8, 1840, at Ann 
Arbor, was a graduate of the University of Michigan, 
class of 1862, was a lawyer of note at Paola, Kas., a 
member of the board of education, district judge, presi- 
dent of the Citizens' State bank. Mrs. Kingsley was a 
woman of rare attainments. He d. Jan. 14, 1904, at 
Paola; she d. two years later at the same place. They 
had two children; Thomas Hill Kingsley, who was b. 
May 6, 1882, at Paola, and was graduated at the Uni- 
versity of Michigan, and Alison Clark who d. y. 
iii. Adeline Amanda", b. June 25, 1820, at Charlemont; m. 
June 25, 1840, at Charlemont, Thomas Morris Riddle. 
They had five children, all b. at Wauwatosa, viz., Ellen 
Marie, who m. the Rev. Thomas Cole Wilson and had 
three daughters, the second of whom, Elizabeth, is pro- 
fessor of literature at Lawrence University, Appleton, 
Wis.; Thomas Morris who m. Sophia A. Eldret; Charles 
Hill who m. Anna S. Dousman and 2d, Gussie May 
Gansman; Edwin Augustus; and Frances Imogen who 
m. Henry Seward Cooke. Thomas Morris Riddle d. Sept. 
2, 1869, at Wauwatosa, and she m. 2d, Aug. 28, 1889, 
Joseph Rork. 

IV. AvERY\ b. June 30, 1822, at Enfield; m. June 10, 1845, at 

Milwaukee, Wis., Angeline Loraine Brown. He d. April 
24, 1863, at Milwaukee. They had five children, all b. 
at Milwaukee, viz., Sarah R. who m. Conrad L. Gabril- 
son; Frank Avery who m. Augusta Jeannette Smith; 
Jennie Loraine who m. Charles B. Clark; Cicero Demerit 
who m. Harriet Baillet; and Warren Brown who m. 
Carrie N. Ward. 

V. Charles-, b. July 12, 1824, at Charlemont; d. Nov. 22, 1855, 

at Memphis, Tenn.; unm. 

vi. Maria', b. July 21, 1827, at Charlemont; d. y. 

vii. Homer', b. Feb. 16, 1833, at West Springfield, Mass.; m. 
May 29, 1856, at Chicago, Elizabeth Kiernan. She d. 
Aug. 13, 1884, at Antigo, Wis.; he d. Sep,*. 23, 1893, at 
the same place. They had eight children, viz., George 
Willis who m. Catharine Laykom, and 2d, Mary Melissa 
Whitney; Charles Homer who m. Minnetta Isabelle 
Packard; Annis Mariah who m. Fred Uriah Roe; Thomas 
Kiernan who m. Ruth Davidson; Caleb Warren; Eliza- 
beth Adeline who m. Daniel Ellsworth Rockwood; John 
Avery who m. Minnie Dignan; and Frank Centennial. 

444 The Groton Avery Clan 

viii. Dexter Daniel*, b. Nov. 22, 1837, at Charlemont; m. May 
4, 1869, at Beloit, Wis., Louise P. Rau. He served in 
Co. M, first Wisconsin cavalry, from Dec, 1863, to July 
22, 1865, being mustered out at the close of the war; 
was in all the battles of the Atlanta campaign under 
Sherman; was graduated from Beloit College in 1866 and 
from Chicago Theological Seminary in 1869; after a suc- 
cessful career as pastor at Elgin, Pasadena, Los Angeles, 
Los Alamitas, and the establishing of missions in various 
parts of California, he I'etired to his fruit farm at Dow- 
ney, Calif. They have three children: Charles Caleb, 
Roland Max, and Edith Louise. 

943. Amos" Avery {Jonathan^, Abner^, Jo7iathan^, James^, 
James-, Christopher^) was b. May 29, 1798, at Charlemont, 
Mass. ; m. Sept. 26, 1827, at Wilmington, N. Y., Eliza Bucklin 
Sanford, dan. of Reuben and Polly (Lewis) Sanford. She was 
b. Sept. 18, 1808, at Wilmington. He was a blacksmith and 
farmer. She d. Feb, 18, 1875, at Wilmington; he d. Oct. 8, 1892, 
at the same place. 

Children of Amos and Eliza Bucklin (Sanford) Avery, b. at 
Wilmington : 

SANFORD^ b. April 20, 1831. 
Henry Clay\ b. Dec. 27, 1833. 
Fletcher James*, b. Oct. 24, 1837. 
Ann Euza\ b. Sept. 2, 1839. 
Erwin Wentworth', b. Dec. 15, 1842. 
Wilber Bucklin^ b. April 2, 1844. 
Polly Maria', b. Aug. 23, 1846. 
viii. Amanda', b. Feb. 7, 1849. 

944. Amanda Scott" Avery (Jonathan'^, Ab7ier^, Jonathan*, 
James% James-, Christopher^) was b. April 13, 1800, at Charle- 
mont, Mass.; m. Oct. 20, 1825, at Charlemont, Asa Porter 
Church, s. of Ephraim and Polly (Blair) Church. He was b. 
Nov. 22, 1794, at Charlemont. A farmer. He d. July 13, 1853, 
at Fort Ann, N. Y. ; she d. Jan. 17, 1880, at Hamburg, N. Y. 

Children of Asa Porter and Amanda Scott (Avery) Church: 
i. William Blair', b. June 19, 1827, at Bolton, N. Y.; m. 
Sarah P. Craig; 2d, Mary Jane Valentine; private, Co. 
B, 67th reg't, N. Y. inf.; major 98th reg't, N. Y. inf.; 
d. April 1, 1892, at Hamburg. His only child, Williajn 
Avery Church, lives at Hamburg. 

















The Seventh Generation 445 

ii. George Walter^ b. June 13, 1829, at Bolton; m. Unknown; 
d. July 3, 1900, at Albany. 

iii. Julia Clark*", b. Oct. 6, 1831, at Bolton; was graduated 
from the Albany Normal College in 1856; m. Dr. George 
Abbott in 1857. He was for many years surgeon of the 
67th reg't, N. Y. inf'y, and went out with that reg't in 
June, 1863. In the following year, he became colonel of 
the 98th reg't, which he enlisted and organized in about 
sixty days. He is a physician and surgeon and lives at 
Hamburg. Of their five children, two, George Burwell 
and Eliza Maria, are living. 

iv. Caroline Amanda-, b. Feb. 10, 1834, at Bolton; m. Virgil 
C. Douglass; d. July 28, 1873, at Oswego, N. Y. 

v. Eliza Sanford", b. May 15, 1836, at Fort Ann; d. Aug. 3, 
1865, at Perry, Ga. 

vi. Mary\ b. Aug. 14, 1839, at Fort Ann; d. Jan. 23, 1860, at 
Fort Ann. 

vii. Delia', b. Nov. 26, 1841, at Fort Ann; d. Feb. 25, 1860, at 
Fort Ann. 

viii. Pamela Fox^ b. July 21, 1844, at Fort Ann; m. Horace 
James Piatt. 

945. Elihu^ Avery {Jonathan^, Abner^, Jonathan*, James^, 
James-, Christopher^) was b. Feb. 16, 1802, at Charlemont, 
Mass.; m. Feb. 19, 1839, at Windsor, Mass., Jerusha Chapman^ 
daiL of Ezra and Betsey (Taft) Chapman. She was b. Nov. 8, 
1810, at Windsor. He was a farmer; d. Dec. 5, 1871, at La 
Moille, 111. She d. Nov. 5, 1896, at La Moille. 

Children of Elihu and Jerusha (Chapman) Avery, b. at 
Charlemont : 

2208. i. Elizabeth Chapman', b. Dec. 23, 1839. 
ii. Julia Maria', b. Jan. 28, 1842. 

946, Maria^ Avery {Jonathan^, Ahner^, Jonathan*, James^, 
James-, Christopher'^) was b. March 31, 1804, at Charlemont, 
Mass. ; m. Aug. 30, 1830, at Charlemont, Dexter Daniels, s. of 
Amos and Lydia (Montague) Daniels. He was b. Sept. 30, 1801, 
at Sunderland, Mass.; was a hatter. He d. Aug. 1, 1841, at 
Colerain, Mass. She m. 2d, Alvah Pike, s. of Elisha and Susan- 
nah (Giles) Pike. He d. Dec. 20, 1857, at Charlemont. She was 
a member of the Dorothy Quincy Hancock chapter of the Daugh- 
ters of the American Revolution and lived to celebrate her one 
hundredth birthday. She d. July 7, 1906, at Colerain. 


The Groton Avery Clan 

Children of Dexter and Maria (Avery) Daniels: 

Pamela Fox', b. June 3, 1831, at Williamstown, Mass.; m. 
William Chapin. 
i. Lydia Maria*, b. April 16, 1834, at Williamstown; m. Abram 

Taylor Williston; d. July 31, 1863, at Westfield, Mass. 
ii. Dexter Avery'*, b. May 31, 1836, at Williamstown; m. Lucy 

Cressy; d. July 7, 1878, at Colerain. 
iv. Frances Submit', b. Aug. 3, 1838, at Colerain; m. William 

Cottle; d. Nov., 1868, at Martha's Vineyard, Mass. 
V. William Harrison', b. Aug. 23, 1840, at Colerain; d. y. 


947. Abner"^ Avery (Amos^, Abner^, Jonathan*, James^, 
James-, Christopher^) was b. Oct. 19, 1786, at East Charlemont, 
Mass.; m. Dorinda Barnard, dau. of David Barnard. She was 
b. Sept. 24, 1787, at Shelburne, Mass. She d. Oct. 24, 1833, at 
Charlemont, Mass. He m. 2d, Sarah Ann Dean, dau. of Christo- 
pher and Prudence (Denison) Dean. She was b. June 7, 1808, 
at Colerain, Mass. He d. Dec. 26, 1857, at Charlemont; she d. 
Feb. 24, 1875, at Shelburne. 

Children of Abner and Dorinda (Barnard) Avery, b. at 
Charlemont : 

William Barnard", b. Jan. 1, 1818. 

Rhoda Allen\ b. Nov. 10, 1820; d. July 31, 1872, at Charle- 
mont; unm. 
Gardner Fox', b. July 31, 1822; d. Oct. 28, 1842, at Buckland, 

Amanda Lucretia', b. April 5, 1825. 
Clarissa', b. June 30, 1827; d. y. 
2211. vi. Amos Lawrence', b. April 6, 1831. 

Children of Abner and Sarah Ann (Dean) Avery, b. at 
Charlemont : 

Charlotte Maria', b. March 16, 1837. 

John Dean', b. July 1, 1839. 

Wales Tileston', b. Jan. 4, 1842; d. y. 

Sarah Dorinda', b. Jan. 1, 1844. 

Prudence Rebecca', b. Aug. 14, 1846; d. May 3, 1893, at 

Buckland; unm. 
Abner Dean', b. Nov. 9, 1848. 











948. Betsey" Avery {Amos'^, Ahner% Jonathan*, James^, 
James'-, Christopher^) ; m. Jesse Coleman, a farmer. She d. 
Feb. 11, 1860. 

The Seventh Generation 447 

Children of Jesse and Betsey (Avery) Coleman, b. at Buck- 
land, Mass. : 

i. Elizabeth", b. Oct., 1815; m. N. Dickinson Williams; d. Jan. 

29, 1896, at Buckland. 
ii. LoRiNG Eells", b. April 1, 1817; m. Lucinda Griswold; 2d, 

Eliza A. Packard; d. Aug. 23, 1883, at Ashland, Mass. 
iii. SAMUEL^ b. about 1819; m. Sophronia Woodward; d. Jan. 
17, 1887, at Buckland. 

949. Charlotte" Avery (Amos^, Ahner% Jonathan'-, James^, 
James-, Christopher') was b. Oct. 19, 1788, at East Charlemont, 
Mass.; m. Samuel Rice. 

951. Eunice^ Avery {Amos^, Abner^, Jonathan*, James^, 
James-, ChristopheY'^) was b. Feb. 25, 1792, at East Charlemont, 
Mass. ; m. May 24, 1824, Ebenezer Porter. He was b. April 12, 
1781 ; d. Oct. 20. 1861. She d. Sept. 19, 1875. 

Children of Ebenezer and Eunice (Avery) Porter: 

i. Sarah Jane^ b. March 12, 1825, at Hawley, Mass.; m. 

William Hillman; d. Oct. 28, 1860, at Halifax, Vt. 
ii. Mehitabel F.*, b. Nov. 26, 1826; m. John Hillman; 2d, Benj. 

Hawkes; 3d, William Foster, 
iii. Abigail H.*, b. Aug. 31, 1828; m. Chandler Hathaway; 2d, 

L. B. Leonard. 

952. Lois'' Avery {Amos'^, Abner'% Jonathan*, James^, 
James-, Christopher^) was b. April 24, 1795, at Charlemont, 
Mass.; m. Oct. 16, 1814, Valentine Wightman Rathbon, s. of 

Valentine and Hepsidah (Carpenter) Rathbon. He was b. Sept. 
10, 1795. He d. Dec. 30, 1831 ; she d. April, 1854. 

Children of Valentine Wightman and Lois (Avery) Rath- 
bon : 

1. John AvERY^ b. July 1, 1816; m. Emily Daniels. 

ii. Maria Lois', b. Feb. 23, 1818; m. Joseph I. Tracy. 

iii. HoRACE\ b. Dec. 28, 1821. 

953. Oliver^ Avery {Amos^, Abner^, Jonathan*, James^, 
James^, Christopher^) was b. May 3, 1797, at East Charlemont, 
Mass. ; m. April 13, 1825, at Groton, N. Y., Hannah Webb, dau. 
of Nehemiah W. and Abigail (Backus) Webb. She was b. July 
7, 1806. He was a cabinet-maker. He d. Nov. 13, 1877; she d. 
March 22, 1883, both at Groton, N. Y. 

448 The Groton Avery Clan 

Children of Oliver and Hannah (Webb) Avery, b. at Groton, 

N. Y.: 

2216. i. Frederick', b. Jan. 7, 1826. 

2217. ii. Abigail Backus', b. Dec. 7, 1827. 
iii. Albert', b. Nov. 18, 1829; d. y. 

2218. iv. Marcus Albert', b. June 1, 1832. 

2219. V. Amos', b. Aug. 18, 1834. 

2220. vi. Oliver', b. Sept. 26, 1836. 

vii. Hannah', b. Sept. 14, 1838; d. y. 

2221. viii. David', b. Aug. 15, 1840. 

2222. ix. Edward Mortimer', b. Feb. 28, 1849. 

954. AbeF Avery (Amos'^, Abner^, Jonathaii*, James\ 
James-, Christopher^) v^as b. Feb. 3, 1801, at East Charlemont, 
Mass.; m. Oct. 11, 1826, at Groton, N. Y., Emeline Huldah 
Andrus, dan. of Ezra and Pauline (Phelps) Andrus. She was 
b. May 18, 1806. at Winchester. He was an edge-tool maker. 
He d. April 30, 1881, at Monroe Center, Mich. ; she d. Nov. 4, 
1893, at Traverse City, Mich. 

Children of Abel and Emeline Huldah (Andrus) Avery: 
Pauline Louisa', b. Jan. 7, 1828, at Evans, N. Y. 
Amos Warren', b. June 25, 1831, at Buffalo, N. Y. 
Horace Andrus', b. Sept. 20, 1833, at Buffalo. 
Lucius Abel', b. Aug. 18, 1835, at South Dansville, N. Y. 
Edwin Cicero', b. Nov. 20, 1837, at South Dansville; d. Dec. 
1, 1862, in the military hospital. New York City; a 
soldier in Co. I, 161st reg't, N. Y. infantry. 
Matilda Sarah', b. April 25, 1840, at South Dansville. 
John Alfred\ b. Sept. 25, 1842, at South Dansville; d. Dec. 
31, 1862, in the military hospital, New York City; a 
soldier in Co. I, 161st reg't N. Y. infantry; unm. 
viii. Augusta Emeline', b. Oct. 30, 1844, at South Dansville. ^ 
Joel Grant', b. July 17, 1847, at South Dansville. 

955. Freelove' Avery {Amos^, Abner-', Jonathan*, James"% 
James'-, Christopher^) was b. Aug. 20, 1803, at East Charlemont, 
Mass.; m. Albert Wines, d. Nov. 29, 1894, at Custer Park, 111. 

956. David'' Avery (Amos^, Abner'% Jonathan*, James^, 
James-, Christopher^) was b. Jan. 19, 1805, at East Charlemont, 
Mass. ; m. May 23, 1839, at Charlemont, Mass., Prudence Deni- 
son Dean, dau. of Christopher and Prudence (Denison) Dean, 

















The Seventh Generation 


and sister of the wife of Abner Avery (No. 947). She was b. 
Dec. 20, 1817, at Colerain, Mass. He was a farmer and was held 
in high esteem by all who knew him. The venerable couple 
celebrated their sixtieth wedding-day anniversary and his one 


hundredth birthday anniversary with large assemblages of 
neighbors and friends, for each one of whom he had a cheerful 
greeting. He d. July 28, 1905, in the house in which he was born 
and had always lived, the historic Capt. Oliver Avery house, 
pictured on page 292 of this volume. 

Children of David and Prudence Denison (Dean) Avery, b. 
at East Charlemont : 

450 The Groton Avery Clan 

i. Adeline Rebecca*, b. Jan. 25, 1841; d, y. 

ii. Francis Denison\ b. Feb. 11, 1843; wounded May 14, 1864, 
at Di-ury's Bluff; d. Aug, 12, 1869, from the effects of 
the wounds. He was 1st lieut. of Co, C, 27th Mass. 

2230. iii, Henry Gardner', b. Feb. 7, 1845. 

2231. iv. James Dean', b. Feb. 10, 1848, 

2232. V. Adelaide Fitch', b. Feb. 17, 1850, 

2233. vi. William Ballard', b. July 11, 1856. 

2234. vii. David Ellsworth', b. May 4, 1862; unm. ; residence, Med- 

ford, Mass. 

957. Amos' Avery (Aynos'^, Ahner'% Jo7iathan*, James^, 
James-, Christopher^) was b. Jan. 19, 1807, at East Charlemont, 
Mass. ; m. about 1837, Julina Bundy, dau. of Sanford and Lovina 
(Tolman) Bundy. She was b. Feb., 1815. He was a blacksmith 
and, in 1828, settled at Evans Center, N. Y., where he lived until 
his death; after 1834, a lawyer; a whig; justice of the peace 
for forty years; member of the New York assembly in 1858; 
capt. of a rifle company and colonel of a regiment of militia ; 
commander-in-chief of the forces raised by the "Junta" in 
Buffalo to invade Canada in the "Patriot War"; went as a 
private in the 67th regiment N. Y. national guard, in 1863, to 
aid in stopping Lee's advance. His wife d. Oct. 3, 1865, at Evans 
Center; he d. Oct. 21, 1899, at the same place. 

Children of Amos and Julina (Bundy) Avery, b. at Evans 
Center : 

Amos Duane', b. March 28, 1838. 

Orson Sanford', b. May 29, 1840. 

Emma Lovina', b. June 1, 1842. 

Emily Julina', b, June 1, 1842. 

Richard Henry', b. April 7, 1845; enlisted in the 116th 
reg't of N, Y. volunteers; served to end of war; member 
of exploring party to survey route of Northern Pacific 
R. R.; d, about 1876, 

2240, vi, LoREN De Witt', b, Dec. 3, 1848. 

2241. vii, Ann Maria', b, June 3, 1853. 

958. Lucretia" Avery {Amos^, Abner^, Jonathan^ James^, 
James-, Christopher^) was b. Oct., 1809, at East Charlemont, 
Mass.; m. Charles or Bartlett Ballard. She d. June, 1878, at 
Buckland, Mass. No children. 











The Seventh Generation 451 

967, Gardner"^ Avery {Gardner^, Benjamin^, Joseph*, 
James-\ James-, Christopher^) was b. Dec. 17, 1773, at Monson, 
Mass. ; m. Nov. 21, 1797, at Albany, N. Y., Huldah Russell, dau. 
of Solomon and Anna (Nichols) Russell. She was b. Dec. 15, 
1774, She d. Aug-. 31, 1798, at Albany. He m. 2d, Sept. 26, 1804, 
Betsey Sage, dau. of Abram Sage. He was a farmer and manu- 
facturer of iron hollow-ware. He d. Aug. 17, 1849. She d. Dec. 
3, 1860. 

Child of Gardner and Huldah (Russell) Avery, b. at 
Albany : 

2261. i. HuLDAH\ b. Aug. 16, 1798. 

Children of Gardner and Betsej- (Sage) Avery: 
Jared'', b. July 14, 1805; m. Adeline Kniffen. 
Eliza', b. Oct. 13, 1806. 
Mary', b. Oct. 21, 1808, at Paris, N. Y. 
Eli\ b. March 28, 1810, at New Hartford, N. Y. 
LoUISA^ b. July 6, 1812; m. Frederick S. Savage. 
Harris S.', b. Aug. 28, 1814; d. unm. 
JamesS b. Nov. 24, 1817, at Clayville, N. Y. 
viii. Lyman\ b. April 19, 1819. 

968. Stephen" Avery {Gardner'^, Benjamin^, Joseph*, James^, 
James'-, Christopher^) was b. Oct. 17, 1775, at Monson, Mass.; 
m. April 4, 1803, at Longmeadow, Mass., Mary Stebbins, dau. of 
Medad and Sarah (Keep) Stebbins. She was b. Nov. 22, 1779, at 
Longmeadow. They moved to Paris, N. Y. He was a farmer. 
He d. Oct. 7, 1813 ; she d. May 9, 1834. 

Children of Stephen and Mary (Stebbins) Avery: 

2269. i. Sarah% b. Dec. 13, 1803. 

2270. ii. Stephen Stebbins\ b. Dec. 2, 1806, 

2271. iii. Fidelia', b. Jan. 27, 1810. 

2272. iv. Lucinda', b. June 18, 1813. 

969. Hannah' Avery {Gardner"^, Benjamin^, Joseph*, James^, 
James-, Christopher^) was b. Jan. 29, 1778, at Monson, Mass.; 
m. Isaac Warner. He was a lawyer at Burlington, Vt. She d. 

Oct., 1855. 

Child of Isaac and Hannah (Avery) Warner: 
i. Charles*, was a banker at Burlington. 

970. Benjamin' Avery {Gard7ier'^, Benjami7i\ Joseph*, 
James^ James-, Christopher^) was b. March 19, 1780, at Monson, 
Mass. ; m. Dec. 25, 1802, Summit tp., Erie County, Penn., Sally 
















452 The Groton Avery Clan 










Himebaugh, dau. of Peter and Catharine (Demond) Himebaugh. 
She was b. Nov. 11, 1786, in Delaware Co., N. Y. He was a 
farmer at Waterford, Penn. He d. Aug. 24, 1855, at Waterford; 
she d. Aug. 25, 1861, at the same place. 

Children of Benjamin and Sally (Himebaugh) Avery, b. at 
Waterford : 

J0HN^ b. April 13, 1804. 

Benjamin', b. Feb. 14, 1806. 

Calvin*, b. July 9, 1808; d. Oct. 27, 1865, leaving children 
Jared and Sophia; perhaps others. 

GARDNER^ b. Oct. 7, 1810. 

CATHARINE^ b. Nov. 18, 1814; d. Nov. 19, 1849, at Water- 
ford; unm. 

2277. vi. William', b. July 4, 1817. 

vii. Amy', b. May 8, 1820; d. unm. 

2278. viii. Charles', b. Oct. 7, 1822; d. Sept. 11, 1857, at Louisville, 


2279. ix. Jared Newel', b. Dec. 20, 1825. 

X. Amos', b. Dec. 3, 1828; d. Oct. 17, 1863, at Nashville, Tenn., 
in the Union Army; unm. 

971. Betsey'^ Avery (Gardner^, Benjamin^, Joseph*, James^, 
James-, Christopher'^) was b. Dec. 30, 1783, at Monson, Mass.; m. 
Solomon Howard of Sauquoit, N. Y. He was a moulder. She d. 
Oct. 26, 1815. 

972. Calvin^ Avery {Gardner^, Beyijamin^, Joseph*, James^, 
James-, Christopher^) w^as b. April 24, 1785, at Monson, Mass.; 
m. April 24, 1809, at Paris, N. Y., Sally Gilbert. She was b. Jan. 
12, 1789. at Paris, N. Y. She d. Dec. 11, 1819, at Lenox, N. Y. 
He m. 2d, Nov. 8, 1820, at Quality Hill, N. Y., Frances ShirtliflF, 
dau. of David and Thriza (King) Shirtliff. She was b. April 9, 
1797, at Montgomery, Mass. He d. Feb. 12, 1859, at Lenox ; she 
d. Oct. 5, 1877, at State Bridge, N. Y. 

Children of Calvin and Sally (Gilbert) Avery: 

2280. i. Betsey', b .Jan. 15, 1810, at Paris, N. Y. 

2281. ii. Sarah*, b. Jan. 2, 1813, at Lenox, N. Y. 

iii. Calvin Gardner', b. Oct. 21, 1816, at Lenox; d. y. 
Children of Calvin and Frances (Shirtliff) Avery, b. at 
Lenox : 

2282. 1. Frances Maria', b. Aug. 22, 1821. 

ii. Charles Augustus', b. July 23, 1827; d. Jan. 11, 1854; unm. 

2283. iii. Louisa Augusta', b. Feb., 1837. 














The Seventh Generation 453 

973. Anson' Avery {Gardner'^, Benjamin^, Joseph*, James^, 
James-, Christopher'') was b. Oct. 17, 1786, at Monson, Mass.; m. 
Betsey Beach; 2d, Cobb. He was a farmer. No children. 

974. John^ Avery (Gardner^, Benjamin^, Joseph*, James^y 
James'-, Christopher'^) was b. Dec. 7, 1788, at Monson, Mass.; m. 
Jan. 23, 1811, at Waltham, Mass., Penelope Nichols. She was b. 
June, 1793. He d. Sept. 25, 1855, at Wampsville, N. Y.; she d. 
Jan. 6, 1867, at the same place. 

Children of John and Penelope (Nichols) Avery: 
2288. i. Belinda Steward', b. Jan. 8, 1812, at Waltham. 
Mary Sabin', b. April 7, 1813, at Monson. 
Charlotte NEWELL^ b. Aug. 14, 1814, at Monson. 
John Lyman*, b. Dec. 22, 1817, at Monson; d. y. 
Lyman Ray', b. Oct. 14, 1819, at Monson. 
Emily Green', b. Oct. 25, 1822, at Sauquoit, N. Y. 
Nelson Newell', b. Feb. 12, 1826, at Sauquoit. 
Harriet Hale', b. Jan. 22, 1828, at Sauquoit. 

975. Amy' Avery {Gardner^, Benjamin^, Joseph*, James^, 
James-, Christopher^) was b. April 30, 1793, at Monson, Mass.; 
m. John Bligh; 2d, Julius Bligh; d. March 3, 1827. 

976. Charles^ Avery (Gardner^, Benjamin^, Joseph*, James^, 
James-, Christopher') was b. July 30, 1795, at Monson, Mass.; 
m. Oct. 1, 1822, at Clinton, N. Y., Delia Strong, dau. of the Rev. 
Joseph and Sophia (Woodbridge) Strong. She was b. May 18, 
1800, at Heath, Mass. He was graduated from Hamilton College 
in 1820 ; was professor of chemistry and physics there from 
1834 to 1869 ; raised money for an endowment, for a chemical 
laboratory, for an observatory; introduced the system of en- 
dowed prizes ; was a member of the American Academy of Arts 
and Sciences ; was elected, in 1871, professor in the Homoeopathic 
College of New York. He d. May 20, 1883 ; she d. Oct. 3, 1889 ; 
both at Clinton. 

Children of Charles and Delia (Strong) Avery: 

2295. i. Delia', b. March 17, 1824, at Homer, N. Y. 

2296. ii. Joseph Strong', b. Aug. 7, 1826, at Fairfield, N. Y. 

2297. iii. Charles Dwight', b. March 25, 1830, at Belleville, N. Y. 

2298. iv. Theodore', b. Dec. 28, 1832, at Clinton. 

454 The Groton Avery Clan 

V. Sophia Woodbridge', b. May 25, 1835, at Clinton; d. y. 

2299. vi. Henry Newell*, b. April 30, 1838, at Clinton. 

2300. vii. Edward Woodbridge', b. Jan. 1, 1841, at Clinton. 

977. Sophia" Avery (Gardner'^, BenjamhV', Joseph^, James^, 
James-, Christopher'') was b. March 22, 1800, at Monson, Mass.; 
m. Sept. 1, 1821, at Paris, N. Y., Jonathan Stickney, s. of David 
and Sally (Gray) Stickney. He was b. Dec. 25, 1796, at Grafton, 
Vt. He d. Aug. 23, 1885, at Concord, O. ; she d. Oct. 10, 1890, at 
Painesville, O. 

Children of Jonathan and Sophia (Avery) Stickney: 

i. Grove Henderson*, b. June 24, 1823, at Paris; d. Nov. 21, 

1845, at Concord, 
ii. Maria", b. 3Iay 11, 1825, at Paris; m. John N. Dyer, 
iii. Sophia', b. May 11, 1825; d. y. 
iv. Gardner Avery*, b. Feb. 16, 1827, at Concord; m. C. Peck; 

2d, M. Stearns. 
V. Franklin Gray'*, b. March 23, 1828, at Concord; m. Phebe 

M. Merritt ; d. April 29, 1882, at Painesville. 
vi. Sophia^ b. July 16, 1830, at Concord; m. Edward Kelly, 
vii. Oscar", b. June 10, 1835, at Concord; d. April 29, 1863, at 

Dansville, N. Y.; in the army, 
viii. Emily", b. June 10, 1837, at Concord; d. Sept. 5, 1860, at 

ix. Henry Harrison*, b. April 15, 1844, at Concord; d. y. 

978. Jared Newell' Avery (Gardner'^, Benjamin^, Joseph"^, 
James^, James-, Christopher^) Avas b. Feb. 26, 1803, at Monson, 
Mass. ; m. Feb. 5, 1834, at Bridgewater, N. Y., Cornelia Benham, 

dau. of Truman and Ruth (Clark) Benham. She was b. Sept. 
23, 1808, at Bridgewater. He was an iron manufacturer at 
Lenox, N. Y. ; afterward a farmer at Lenox and Wampsville, 
N. Y. ; in his advanced years, he retired to Oneida, N. Y., where 
he died. She d. Oct. 8, 1877, at Oneida ; he d. March 11, 1880. 
Children of Jared Newell and Cornelia (Benham) Avery: 

2301. i. Truman Gardner", b. July 30, 1837, at Lenox Furnace, N. Y. 
ii. Franklin NEWELL^ b. March 18, 1840, at Lenox Furnace; 

d. Nov. 19, 1864, in the military hospital at Keachi, La. 
iii. Frederick BENHAM^ b. March 20, 1842; at Lenox Furnace; 
d. y. 

2302. iv. Spencer", b. March 19, 1850, at Lenox Furnace. 
Two other children died in infancy. 

The Seventh Generation 455 

979. Cyrus" Avery {Bcnjamiyi^, Benjamin^, Joseph*, James'\ 
James-, Christopher^) was b. March 29, 1784, at Watertown; m. 
Feb. 28, 1823, at Watertown, Parthenia Skilton, daii. of Avery 
and Parthenia (Judd) Skilton (No. 94, iv). She was b. Oct. 2, 
1788, at Watertown. She d. Sept. 12, 1830, at Lyons, N. Y. He 
m. 2d, Mrs. Sabrina Barcley. He d. Jan. 28, 1869, at Lyons; she 
d. Dec. 24, 1873. 

Children of Cyrus and Parthenia (Skilton) Avery, b. at 
Lj'ons, N. Y. : 

2303. i. Mary Skilton', b. May 13, 1824. 

2304. ii. Anthony Guernsey', b. Nov. 28, 1826. 

980. Joseph' Avery {Benjamin^, Benjamin^, Joseph*, James^, 
James-, Christopher'^) ; m. Mrs. Hester N. Rosevelt. She d. April 
19, 1883, aged 88 years. 

Children of Joseph and Hester N. (Rosevelt) Avery: 

2305. i. Cyrus', b. Nov. 8, 1834. 

2306. ii. Lucy', m. Charles C. Bnddington. 

981. Sarah' Avery (Benjamin'^, Benjamin^, Joseph*, James^, 
James-, Christopher'^) was b. July 26. 1793, at Watertown; m. 
Oct. 30, 1831, at Madison, 0., Calvin Dille, s. of David and Mary 
(Wade) Dille. He was b. April 11, 1785, in Washington County, 
Penn. He was a farmer. Both d. at Euclid, O. 

Children of Calvin and Sarah (Avery) Dille, b. at Euclid: 
i. Avery B.\ b. March 18, 1834; m. Mary Wilcox, 
ii. Anna B.', b. Sept. 24, 1836; m. Henry H. Bliss; d. Jan. 24, 

982. Mary' Avery {Benjamin^, Benjamin^, Joseph*, James^, 
James-, Christopher^) ; married and died at Euclid, O. ; left two 

983 Ann'^ Avery {Benjamin^', Benjamin^, Joseph*, James^, 
James-, Christopher^) ; m. Robert H. Strobridge; d. Nov. 5, 
1877, at Euclid, 0. ; no children. 

986. Betsey"^ Avery (Roger^, Benjamin^, Joseph*, James^, 
James-, Christopher^) was b. Jan. 26, 1785, at Cornwall, Vt. ; m. 
Francis Grover. She d. June 29, 1866, at Spring Arbor, Mich. 

456 The Groton Avery Clan 

Children of Francis and Betsey (Avery) Grover: 
i. Mary', m. Martin Cooley. 

ii. Henry", m. Lucyette Lewis, dau. of Oliver and Lucy (Avery) 
Lewis (No. 988, iii). 

987. John^ Avery {Roger\ Benjamin^, Joseph^ James\ 
James-, Christopher^) was b. Sept. 4, 1786, at Cornv/all, Vt. He 

and died at Newfane, N. Y., leaving 

iiicti i icu tjyji ^^ao 

the following children : 













988. Lucy' Avery {Roger^, Benjamin^, Joseph*, James\ 
James\ Christopher^) was b. Dec. 4, 1787, at Cornwall, Vt.; m. 
Oliver Lewis, s. of Christopher Lewis. He was b. June 15, 1791. 
He d. Feb. 17, 1861 ; she d. June 29, 1862, both at Newfane, 
N. Y. 

Children of Oliver and Lucy (Avery) Lewis, the oldest b. at 
Cornwall, the rest at Royalton, N. Y. : 

i. Mary', b. April 30, 1816; m. Frank Gaylord; d. March, 

1895, at Jackson, Mich, 
ii. Cyrus Avery', b. March 28, 1818; m. Abigail Steele, 
iii. Lucyette', b. May 7, 1822; m. Henry Grover, s. of Francis 

and Betsey (Avery) Grover (No. 986, ii). 
iv. Betsey*, b. Sept. 2, 1820; m. Henry Demmon. 
V. Joseph', b. Dec. 25, 1825; m. Julia Brown, 
vi. Elizabeth', b. Aug. 18, 1827; m. George BrowTi. 

989. Polly' (Mary) Avery {Roger"^, Beniamirv^, Joseph'', 
James^, James-, Christopher^) was b. Nov. 14, 1790, at Cornwall, 
Vt. ; m. June 21, 1818, at Royalton, N. Y., Henry Hill, s. of Noah 
and Caroline (Parmalee) Hill. He was b. April 18, 1794, at New 
Haven. He was a farmer. He d. Nov. 11, 1869, at Jefferson, 
Ind. ; she d. Dec. 13, 1883, at the same place. 

Children of Henry and Mary (Avery) Hill, b. at Royalton, 
N. Y.: 

i. Hexry', b. April 23, 1819; m. Eunice Maria Eaton; d. Aug. 

27, 1900, at Ripley, Ind. 
ii. Edwin R.', b. Sept. 21, 1820; m. Henrietta Thorp; d. Sept. 

14, 1889, at Montpelier, O. 

The Seventh Generation 457 

iii. Mary H.^ b. Fek 24, 1822; m. Ralph Cobb; d. Jan. 5, 1897, 

at Elyria, O. 
iv. Rachel", b. Dec. 3, 1823; m. Samuel B. Morehouse; d. May 

17, 1880, at Lockport, N. Y. 
V. Sidney\ b. Feb. 7, 1826; m. Mary Louisa Graves; d. May 

1, 1894, at Montpelier, O. 
vi. Caroline P.', b. May 27, 1828; d. June 30, 1868, at Vicks- 

burg, Miss, 
vii. Charles R.\ b. Oct. 4, 1830; m. Mary Judson; d. Dec. 18, 

1898, in California, 
viii. James', b. Sept. 23, 1832 ; d. y. 
ix. Helen M.', b. March 20, 1835; m. Theodore T. Tidball. 

990. Daniel' Avery (Roger^, Benjamin'^, Joseph^, James^, 
James-, Christopher^) was b. April 26, 1794, at Cornwall, Vt.; 
m. Almeda Lewis ; d. July, 1873, in Jackson County, Mich. He 
was a blacksmith. 

Children of Daniel and Almeda (Lewis) Avery: 

2311. i. Henry". 

2312. ii. Eliza*. 

2313. iii. Phebe', m. Day. 

2314. iv. James*. 

2315. V. Lucy', m. Mapes. 

2316. vi. Almeda', b. May 2, 1831, at Royalton, N. Y. 

2317. vii. Almira', m. Grant. 

2318. viii. Ellen' (Ella Celia?). 

2319. ix. Charles Daniel', b. May 4, 1838, at Alden, N. Y. 

2320. X. Foster'. 

994. Alfred" Avery {Benjamin^, Benjamin^, Benjamin^, 
James-', James-, Christopher^) was b. Oct. 3, 1810, at Aurora, 
N. Y.; m. Jan. 29, 1834, at Kings Ferry, N. Y., Mary Jane 
Underbill, dau. of Jesse and Pamela (Purdy) Underhill. She 
was b May 11, 1811, at Somers, N. Y. He was a merchant. He 
d. March 14, 1887, at Kings Ferry ; she d. Nov. 23, 1903, at the 
same place. 

Children of Alfred and Mary Jane (Underhill) Avery, b. at 
Ledyard, N Y. : 

2323. i. Henry Morgan', b. Aug. 9, 1838. 

2324. ii. Edwin Allen', b. July 19, 1840. 

2325. iii. Phebe Jane', b. Feb. 25, 1846; residence. Kings Ferry. 
Two children died in infancy. 

458 The Groton Avery Clan 

995. Maria ^ Avery {Be7ijamin^, Be7ijamin^, Benjamin* y 
James'', James-, Christopher^) was b. Nov. 16, 1812, at Aurora, 
N. Y. ; m. Aug. 8, 1844, at Ledyard, N. Y., William Hinckley, s. 
of Zina and Elizabeth (Ball) Hinckley. He was b. Aug. 3, 1806, 
at Lee, Mass. He was a carriage-maker and farmer. She d. Oct. 
15, 1866, at Venice, N. Y. ; he d. Nov. 12, 1866, at the same 

Children of William and Maria (Avery) Hinckley, b. at 
Venice, N. Y. : 

i. Eliza Avery*, b. Oct. 26, 1846; m. Spencer Abram Hoaglan; 

residence, Greeley, Colo. 
ii. Lucy Maria", b. March 14, 1849; m. Charles Henry Lyon, 
iii. Mary Augusta', b. July 27, 1851; d. Dec. 1, 1897, at Paola, 

Kas. ; unm. 
iv. Lewis Edmond-, b. March 9, 1855; m. Emma M. Perry; d. 

Sept. 9, 1886, at Fort Collins, Colo. 
V. Charles Benjamin', b. Sept. 27, 1857; d. Nov. 30, 1901, at 

Long Branch, N. J. 

996. Edgar' Avery {Benjamin^, Benjamin^, Benjamin*, 
James'^, James-, Christopher^) was b. Aug. 29, 1820, at Ledyard, 
N. Y. ; m. Jan. 25, 1847, at Auburn, N. Y., Eliza Keith Worthing, 

dau. of Jonathan and Sarah (Carter) Worthing. She was b. 
Nov. 25. 1826. He was a farmer. He d. May 27, 1886, at 
Greeley, Colo. ; she d. Aug. 28, 1897, at Fort Collins, Colo. 

Children of Edgar and Eliza Keith (Worthing) Avery, b. at 
Ledyard, N. Y. : 

Edward Robie\ b. Oct. 28, 1847; d. Nov. 8, 1908; unm. 

Franklin Capen*, b. April 8, 1849. 

Sarah LouISA^ b. March 10, 1851. 

George Porter", b. Dec. 25, 1852. 

William Henry**, b. Oct. 5, 1854. 

997. Charles'' Avery {Benjamin^, Benjamiyf', Benjamin*, 
James'' , James'-, Christopher'^) was b. May 23, 1823, at Ledyard, 
N. Y. ; m. Jan. 23, 1845, probably at Kings Ferry, N. Y., Sarah 
Chadwick, dau. of Ansel and Clarissa (Ogden) Chadwick. She 
was b. Jan. 31, 1825, probably at Kings Ferry. He was a farmer. 
She d. Feb. 17, 1877, at Ledyard, N. Y. ; he d. Julj 28, 1897, at 
Venice, N. Y 










The Seventh Generation 459 

Children of Charles and Sarah (Chadwick) Avery, b. at 

Venice, N. Y. : 

i. Lucy', b. Jan. 16, 1846; d. Sept. 19, 1868, at Venice; unm. 

2330. ii. George BeiNJamin*, b. Oct. 23, 1847. 

2331. iii. Weston 0.^ b. June 19, 1849; d. Oct. 26, 1887, at Jackson- 

ville, Fla.; probably unm. 
iv. Ella Clarissa', b. May 5, 1851; d. July 14, 1869, at Venice; 

2332. V. DeWitt Chadwick", b. June 23, 1854. 

vi. Esther Harriet', b. Sept. 7, 1856; d. Aug. 1, 1873, at 

998. Nancy ^ Avery {David\ Benjamin'', Benjamin*, James^, 
James", Christopher^) was b. Oct. 16, 1808, at Scipio, N. Y.; m. 
Jan. 8, 1832, Nathaniel Walker, s. of Obadiah and Charlotte 
(Kendall) Walker. He was b. Feb. 17, 1806, at Straford, N. Y.; 
d. Aug. 8, 1887, at Main, N. Y. She d. April 10, 1894. No 

999. Hamilton" Avery (David'^, Benjamin^, Benjamin'-, 
James^, James-, Christopher'') was b. April 11, 1811, at Scipio, 
N. Y. ; m. April 10, 1834, at Scipio, Lucy Holt Kendall, dau. of 
Charles and Hannah (Benjamin) Kendall. She was b. March 
13, 1812, at Scipio. He was a farmer, at Scipio, now Venice. 
She d. Sept. 26, 1868, at Easton, Md. ; he d. July 21, 1872, at the 
same place. 

Children of Hamilton and Lucy Holt (Kendall) Avery, b. at 

Venice, N. Y. : 

i. LuciNDA Kendall', b. March 4, 1836; d. Oct. 28, 1840, at 

ii. Mary Dean', b. Nov. 2, 1837; d. July 4, 1843, at Venice. 

2333. iii. Adelia Maria', b. Nov. 5, 1839. 

iv. LuciNDA CUMMINGS', b. Oct. 11, 1841; d. Feb. 18, 1843, at 

2334. V. David Charles', b. April 6, 1844. 

vi. Harriet Frances', b. Nov. 4, 1845; d. Oct. 31, 1863, at 

2335. vii. Janette Cecelia", b. July 29, 1848; residence, Easton, Md. 

2336. viii. Lucy Emily', b. Aug. 6, 1851. 

1000. Fanny" Avery (David^, Benjamin^, Benjamin*, James^, 
James-, Christopher^) was b. March 24, 1814, at Scipio, N. Y. ; 
m. Feb. 13, 1839, at Scipio, Isaac Johnson Tillotson, s. of Sylves- 

460 The Groton Avery Clan 

ter and Temperance (Johnson) Tillotson. He was b. April 17, 

1814, at Ovid, N. Y. He was a lumberman. He d. Aug. 4, 1877, 

at Auburn, N. Y. She was alive in Oct., 1908, at Auburn, N. Y. 

Child of Isaac Johnson and Fanny (Avery) Tillotson, b. at 

Northville, N. Y. : 

i. HELEN^ b. June 11, 1842; address, 76 Nelson St., Auburn, 
N. Y. 

1001. Alfred'^ Avery {Daniel^, Daniel^, Benjamin^, James^, 
James-, Christopher^) was b. Aug. 12, 1791, at Groton; m. June 
25, 1815, at Hartford, Clarissa Smith, dau. of Moses and Mabel 
(Seymour) Smith. She was b. Aug. 11, 1792. He was a mer- 
chant. He d. April 9, 1854, at Genoa, N. Y. ; she d. April 2, 1857, 
at the same place. 

Children of Alfred and Clarissa (Smith) Avery: 

Abby', b. April 5, 1816, at Aurora, N. Y. 

Daniel*', b. Jan. 12, 1818, at Genoa. 

Elizabeth', b. Feb. 28, 1820, at Genoa. 

HENRY^ b. March 21, 1822, at Genoa. 

Urania', b. May 22, 1824, at Genoa. 

Alfred', b. Jan. 5, 1827, at Genoa. 

Clarissa', b. Oct. 3, 1829, at Genoa. 

Benjamin F.', b. March 4, 1838; d. April 15, 1851, at 

1003. Edwin" Avery {Daniel^, Daniel% Benjamin*, James'\ 
James-, Christopher') was b. Aug. 22, 1795; m. May 30, 1822, at 
Hartford, Julia Trumbull Collins, dau. of Stephen and Ruth 
(Smith) Collins. She was b. Aug. 5, 1802, at Hartford. He was 
a merchant. He d. May 23, 1856, at Genoa, N. Y,; she d. Nov. 
22, 1890, at the same place. 

Children of Edwin and Julia Trumbull (Collins) Avery: 

i. Stephen Collins', b. April 4, 1823, at Williamsville, N. Y.; 
d. May 10, 1837, at Genoa. 
Jane\ b. Dec. 29, 1824, at Williamsville. 
Harriet Seymour', b. March 28, 1827, at Genoa. 
Helen Ruth', b. June 22, 1829, at Genoa. 
Edwin', b. Feb. 23, 1832, at Genoa. 
Sidney Smith', b. Nov. 25, 1834, at Genoa. 
Caroline Amelia', b. Jan. 29, 1838, at Genoa; d. Feb. 20, 
1880; unm. 
2349. viii. Frances Adelaide', b. Oct. 13, 1841, at Genoa; m. Henry 
Avery (No. 2340). 



























The Seventh Generation 461 

1004. Daniel Lewis" Avery {Daniel\ Daniel\ Benjamin*, 
James\ James-, Christopher') was b. Aug. 31, 1797; m. March 
30, 1820, Lydia Ann Cuyler, dau. of Jacob Cuyler of Albany, 
N. Y. She was b. Aug. 1, 1801 ; d. April 14, 1850, at Aurora, 
N. Y. ; he d. Oct. 14, 1868, at Fond du Lac, Wis. 

Chil«iren of Daniel Lewis and Lydia Ann (Cuyler) Avery: 
i. Emily Caroline', b. March 12, 1821; d. Dec. 12, 1843. 

2350. ii. David Eldridge\ b. Aug. 9, 1823; d. Sept. 12, 1872. 
iii. Richard GLEN^ b. Nov. 30, 1829; d. Feb. 3, 1844. 
iv. Daniel Lewis', b. Jan. 4, 1882; d. Aug. 24, 1854. 

2351. V. Margaret Cuyler", b. Sept. 22, 1834; m. Jan., 1853, Hannibal 


1005. Benjamin Franklin" Avery (DameZ% Daniel^, Benja- 
min*, James"% James-, Christopher') was b. Dec. 3, 1801, at 
Aurora, N. Y. ; m. April 27, 1844, at Utica, N. Y., Susan 
Howes Look, dau. of Samuel and Polly (Loomis) Look. She was 
b. Oct. 27, 1817, at Conway, Mass. He was graduated from 
Union College in 1822 ; studied law and was admitted to the bar 
in New York City. His early experience on his father's farm had 
convinced him that the plow then in use could be much improved 
and he turned his attention in that direction. His first business 
venture w^as at Clarksville, Va., where, in connection with Caleb 
H. Richmond, he built a foundry for the manufacture of plows. 
Failing to secure the renewal of their lease, they moved their 
establishment to Milton, N. C, and later settled at Meadville, Va. 
In 1842, Mr. Avery became the executor of his father's estate, 
terminated his partnership at Meadville, sold his Virginia prop- 
erty to a younger brother, and returned to Aurora. After his 
marriage, he bought and rebuilt the family homestead at Aurora. 
In 1846, Louisville was chosen as an eligible place for a plow 
factory and soon became Mr. Avery's permanent home. He built 
a large factory there, but the civil war destroyed his business 
and his buildings were used by the government as a hospital. 
The cause of the Union was dear to his heart, his loyalty 
endangering his property if not his life — as was preaicted. After 
the war, he formed a partnership with his sons and his son-in- 
law, John C. Coonley, under the firm name of B. F. Avery & Sons. 
The venture was very successful and the Avery plow lightened 
the work of the farmer north and south. 


The Groton Avery Clan 


The Seventh Generation 



464 The Groton Avery Clan 

In 1869, Mr. Avery, with his wife and four children, went 
to Europe where they remained two years. After his return, he 
jived in quiet happiness with his family, an ideal husband, father, 
and friend. He was able to surround his family with such 
treasures as wealth and refinement could procure. For years, a 
part of each summer has been spent by the family at Wyoming, 
N. Y. He was a Presbyterian of liberal views and an elder of the 
church. He was straightforward and honest, and was charitable 
both in giving money and in thinking no evil. He d. March 3, 
1885, at Louisville, having nobly lived a life of lofty ideals. 

Mr. Avery was peculiarly happy in his marriage. During 
the childhood and youth of her six children, Mrs. Avery attended 
closely to her domestic affairs. In her later years, she became 
interested in all the vital questions of the day. She is an ardent 
advocate of equal suffrage, municipal ownership of public utili- 
ties, the initiative and referendum, good government, free trade, 
the rights of labor, and is opposed tp militarism, to war except 
in self-defense, and to capital punishment. She is an unusual 
combination of aristocrat and democrat. She founded the 
Women's Club of Louisville and the Susan Look Avery Club of 
Wyoming, N. Y. She is a woman of great dignity and command- 
ing presence. She speaks impressively and with the ardor of 
conviction. She is always listened to with reverence and leaves 
behind her an aroused sense of civic duty and personal responsi- 
bility. She is the descendant of a long line of Puritan 
ancestors — Howes of Yarmouth, Mass., Loomis of Windsor, and 
Roberts and Look of Nantucket and Martha's Vineyard. Her 
address is Mrs. Susan Look Avery, Louisville, Ky. 

Children of Benjamin Franklin and Susanna Howes (Look) 
Avery : 

Lydia ARMS^ b. Jan. 31, 1845, at Lynchburg, Va. 
Samuel LooK^ b. Dec. 9, 1846, at Aurora, N. Y. 
Gertrude Arms% b. Aug. 18, 1849, at Louisville, Ky. 
George Capwell*, b. March 1, 1852, at Louisville. 
Helen Blasdell*, b. March 29, 1855, at Louisville. 
William Sidney*, b. March 15, 1858, at Louisville. 

1006. AshbeF Avery (Daniel^, Daniel^, Benjamin*, James^, 
James-, CJuistopher'^) was b. Jan. 30, 1805, at Aurora, N. Y. ; m. 
Dec. 1, 1831, at Genoa, N. Y., Emeline Miner, dau. of William and 






















The Seventh Generation 465 

Polly (Terry) Miner. She was b. Dec. 26, 1808, at Genoa. He 
was a merchant and farmer. He was supervisor of Genoa and 
held other offices in the town. He served two terms, 1844-1850, 
as member of the general assembly. In politics, he was a Repub- 
lican. He d. April 29, 1870, at Iowa City, Iowa; she d. Feb. 16, 
1893, at the same place. 

Children of Ashbel and Emeline (Miner) Avery, b. at 
Genoa, N. Y. : 

Celia Adele", b. July 7, 1835; d. y. 

Orlando Miner*, b. Oct. 19, 1839. 

Arabella Maria*, b. Sept. 10, 1843. 

Alice Emeline', b. March 4, 1846. 

Ashbel Smith', b. Oct. 12, 1849. 

1007. Lydia" Avery (Daniel'^, Daniel'', Benjamin*, James", 
James-, Christopher^) was b. May 24, 1810, at Aurora, N. Y. ; m. 
Nov. 12, 1835, at Aurora, N. Y., Ebenezer White Arms, s. of 
Ebenezer and Mary (White) Arms. He was b. March 25, 1805, 
at Greenfield, Mass. He was graduated from Yale in 1828. He 
d. Jan. 15, 1877, at Aurora; she d. Feb. 16, 1893, at the same 
place. No children. 

1008. George^ Avery {Da^iiel^, Daniel^, Benjamin*, James^, 
James-, Christopher) was b. April 2, 1815, at Aurora, N. Y. ; m. 
Feb. 25, 1840, at Albany, N. Y., Rachel Leavenworth, dau. of 
John and Rachel (Turner) Leavenworth. She was b. Sept. 17, 
1815, at Towanda, Penn. He was a merchant. He d. April 30, 
1849, at Meadville, Va. She m. 2d, David H. Strickland, the 
widower of Elizabeth Avery (No. 2339) ; d. March 15, 1890, at 
Danville, Va. 

Children of George and Rachel (Leavenworth) Avery, b. at 
Meadville : 

i. Marion Frances', b. March 29, 1841; d. Feb. 20, 1900, at 
Danville; unm. 
2362. ii. Amelia Sophia', b. May 20, 1844. 

1009. AbigaiF Avery (Daniel°, Daniel^, Benjamin*, James^, 
James-, Christopher^) was b. May 15, 1817, at Aurora, N. Y. ; m. 
Sept. 20, 1859, at Aurora, as his second wife. The Rev. John 
Leech, s. of John Leech, of Ballamea, Ireland. He was graduated 
from Dublin University and was an Episcopal minister. He d. 












466 The Groton Avery Clan 

May 26, 1893, at Aurora; she d. May 4, 1901, at Aurora. No 

1010. James' Avery (Daniel'^, Daniel^, Benjamin*, James^, 
James-, Christopher^) was b. Feb. 8, 1825, at Aurora, N. Y. ; m. 
Oct. 8, 1845, at Ledyard, N. Y., Cornelia Bucklong Brownell, dau. 
of Jonathan and Sarah Brownell. She was b. Sept. 12, 1823, 
near Aurora. He was a farmer. He d. Jan. 1, 1864, at Aurora; 
she d. Oct. 10, 1904, at the same place. 

Children of James and Cornelia Bucklong (Brownell) 
Avery, b. at Aurora, N. Y. : 

Frances Brownell', b. Dec. 3, 1846. 
Cornelia Abby*, b. May 28, 1850. 
William Byron', b. May 29, 1853. 
Mary Elizabeth', b. May 29, 1853. 
Anna Maria', b. Oct. 18, 1855. 
Emily", b. Dec. 22, 1861; died young. 

1011. Maria" Avery {Daniel'^, Daniel^, Benjamin*, James\ 
James-, Christopher^) was b. Sept. 1, 1833, at Aurora, N. Y. ; m. 
July 5, 1864, at Aurora, William Washington Howard, s. of 
Thomas and Anna (Washington) Howard. He was b. Sept. 14, 
1819, at London, England. He was a graduate of Oxford and a 
Presbyterian minister. He d. July 1, 1871, at Aurora; she d. 
Jan. 14, 1893, at the same place. 

Child of William Washington and Maria (Avery) Howard, 
b. at Aurora : 

i. Margaret Avery^, b. Sept. 2, 1868. 

1012. Maria Barber'^ Avery {Elias^, Daniel^, Benjamin*, 
James'-, James-, Christopher^) was b, Dec. 30, 1801, at Aurora, 
N. Y. ; m. July 13, 1823, William Smith. She d. Dec. 14, 1826, at 
Springfield, Mass. 

Child of William and Maria Barber (Avery) Smith : 
i. Joseph Ridgeway'; he was a sailor and died at sea. 

1013. Elizabeth Denison^ Avery {Ellas'^, Daniel^, Benjamin* , 
James^, James-, Christopher"^) was b. July 19, 1803, at Aurora, 
N. Y. ; m. Dec. 11, 1823, Joseph Ridgeway. She d. Nov. 25, 1824, 
at Columbus, Ohio. No children. 

The Seventh Generation 467 

1014. John Barber' Avery {Ellas'^, Daniel'', Benjamin*, 
James^, James-, Chiistopher^) was b. Aug. 9, 1808, at Aurora, 
N. Y.; m. June 15, 1831, at Covert, N. Y., Elizabeth Stark- 
weather, dau. of Daniel and Mary (Godfrey) Starkweather. She 
w^as b. May 22, 1812, at Ulysses, N. Y. He was a merchant and 
one of the principal grain-buyers of Farmer, N. Y., of which 
place he was postmaster for 34 years. His wife d. July 28, 1885, 
at Farmer; he d. March 13, 1898, at Aurora. 

Children of John Barber and Elizabeth (Starkweather) 
Avery, b. at Farmer : 

i. Mary Elizabeth', b. March 29, 1832; d. Oct. 1, 1886, at 
Aurora; unm. 
Helen Maria', b. March 7, 1836; died young. 
William Elias*, b. July 29, 1838; was 1st lieut. 75th reg't, 
N. Y. vols.; was killed in the charge on Port Hudson, 
May 27, 1863 ; unm. 
Lucy Maria', b. July 7, 1842. 

Frances Adele", b. Nov. 3, 1844; d. Feb. 1, 1861, at Farmer. 
Albert Noyes', b. March 25, 1846. 
Helen Louise^ b. Nov. 3, 1849. 

1015. Noyes Latham^ Avery (Elias^, Daniel^, Benjamin*, 
James^, James-, Christopher^) was b. Dec. 11, 1815, at Aurora, 
N. Y. ; m. Aug. 20, 1846, at Ovid, N. Y., Hester Ann Osbom, dau. 
of John Osborn. He m. 2d, Sept. 30, 1851, at Aurora, N. Y., 
Elizabeth Dougherty, dau. of Edward and Annis (Lake) Dough- 
erty. She was b. April 23, 1820, at Union Springs, N. Y. He 
was a prominent business man of Grass Lake, Mich. She d. Oct. 
12, 1875, at Grand Rapids, Mich. ; he d. June 8, 1901, at Grass 

Child of Noyes Latham and Hester Ann (Osborn) Avery, b„ 
at Farmer, N. Y. : 

i. John Morgan', b. July 20, 1847; d. May 17, 1873; unm. 

Children of Noyes Latham and Elizabeth (Dougherty) 
Avery : 

2371. i. Fanny Lovell'; m. Nov. 9, 1876, Wilder D. Foster; d. May 

8, 1886; no children. 

2372. ii. Noyes Frederick", b. Jan. 15, 1855, at Grand Rapids. 

1016. Barton Frederick^ Avery (Dudley'^, Daniel^ Benja- 
min*, James^, James-, Christopher^) was b. Sept. 16, 1796, at 










468 The Groton Avery Clan 

Aurora, N. Y. ; m. Sept. 23, 1817, at Parkman, O., Betsey Brown. 
She was b. Dec. 6, 1800, at Rutland, Mass. He was associate 
judge of the court of common pleas for Geauga County, O., in 
1834 and later years. He d. April 12, 1857, at Chardon, 0. ; she 
d. March 9, 1878, at the same place. 

Children of Barton Frederick and Betsey (Brown) Avery, 
b. at Parkman, O. : 

i. Sherburn H.', b. May 20, 1820 ; d. in infancy. 

2373. ii. Caroline', b. Dec. 4, 1821. 

2374. iii. Elias', b. Jan. 21, 1824. 

2375. iv. Maria Ellen*, b. July 4, 1826. 

2376. V. Mary M.^ b. June 7, 1829; m. June 17, 1846, Oliver S. 

Osterhoudt; d. Aug. 24, 1846, at Cleveland, O. 

2377. vi. Dudley FREDERICK^ b. Jan. 24, 1835. 

1017. Caroline Campuit' Avery (Dudley^ Darnel", Benja- 
min", James"", James-, Christovher^) was b. Sept. 19, 1798, at 
Aurora, N. Y. ; m. Henry Fellows, s. of Edmund B. Fellows. He 
d. May 7, 1871, at Sennett, N. Y. 

Children of Henry and Caroline Campuit (Avery) Fellows : 
i. Frederick Porter.* 
ii. Mary Hannah'; m. Isaac Snook, 
iii. Edmund Dudley.* 
iv. Henry Baxton.* 

1018. Hannah' Avery {Dudley'^, DayiieV', Beniamin\ James\ 
James-, Christopher^) was b. March 3, 1804, at Aurora, N. Y. ; 
m. William Sprague. 

1019. Daniel Dudley' Avery (Dudley^, Daniel", Benjamin*, 
James^. James-, Christopher^) was b. April 10, 1810, at Baton 
Rouge, La. ; m. Aug. 15, 1837, at New Iberia, La., Sarah Craig 
Marsh, dau. of John C. and Ann Eliza (Baldwin) Marsh. She 
was b. March 30, 1813, at New York City. He received his early 
education from his mother ; was prepared for college by the Rev. 
Philander Chase, afterwards an Episcopal bishop ; was gradu- 
ated from Yale in 1830 ; returned to his native city, studied law, 
and was admitted to the bar in 1832. He was twice elected to the 
legislature and held the office of prosecuting attorney for the 
district: was also elected district judge, which office he resigned 
in 1862. In this year, he removed his family to his estate on 
Petite Anse, now Avery's Island, and later to Texas to escape 

The Seventh Generation 


the excitement incident to the war. His oldest son enlisted in 
the Confederate army; his second son developed the salt works 
on the island which proved to be of untold value to the South. 
After the war, Judge Avery returned to Avery's Island, found 


his home in ruins, and set himself vigorously to the task of 
saving the remnant of his fortune. His declining years were 
years of disappointment which he met with Christian fortitude. 
His faithful and devoted wife d. March 29, 1879, and he followed 
her on the tenth of the following .June. Their bodies lie in the 
same tomb beneath the spreading oaks of Avery's Island. 

Children of Daniel Dudley and Sarah Craig (Marsh) Avery, 
b. at Baton Rouge, La. : 


The Groton Avery Clan 

2378. i. Mary ELIZA^ b. May 19, 1838. 

2379. ii. Sarah MAHSH^ b. Feb. 4, 1840. 

2380. iii. Dudley*, b. Sept. 20, 1842. 

iv. John Marsh", b. April 4, 1844. He developed the famous 
salt mines of Avery's Island and, at the age of seventeen, 


2381. V. 

became a member of the staff of Gen. Taylor of the 
Confederate army; after the war, he did much to bring 
order out of chaos; he repeatedly served in council 
assembly; in the state senate, in 1888, he led the 
opposition to the recharter of the Louisiana lottery 
company; he d. April 10, 1891; unm. 
Margaret Henshaw', b. Oct. 16, 1848. 

The Seventh Generation 471 

1020. Eliza Brown" Avery {Dudleif, Daniel^, Benjamin', 
James"\ James-, Christopher^) was b. about 1815; m. at Baton 
Rouge, La., Simon Walsh, s. of Richard Walsh. He was b. about 
1800 in Ireland. He d. about 1850, at New Iberia, La. She m. 
2d, about 1854, William Sharpe, b. about 1800 in Pennsylvania ; 
d. in 1877 at Baton Rouge. He was a sugar planter. She d. in 
Sept., 1884. 

Children of Simon and Eliza Brown (Avery) Walsh, b. at 
New Iberia : 

i. Robert MooN^ b. March 22, 1841; m. Selina Mintz; d. in 

ii. Dudley Avery', b. Dec. 2, 1843; d. Aug., 1867. 
iii. Daniel Hickey', b. Dec. 10, 1845 ; m. Adile Daign. Address, 

Plaquemine, La. 
iv. Mary Ursula', b. March 21, 1847; m. A. J. Sharpe; d. April, 

V. Simon William', b. January, 1850; d. Nov., 1893. 

1021. Frances' Avery {Isaac\ Daniel% Benjamin^, James^, 
James-, Christopher^) was b. July 26, 1795, at Aurora, N. Y.; m. 
Edward Bloomer Ely, s. of Dr. and Sarah (Bloomer) Ely. The 
title of "Colonel" was conferred on him by the governor of Ken- 
tucky. He d. July 7, 1844, in Texas ; she d. March 5, 1863, at 
St. Paul, Ind. 

1022. Herman"^ Avery (Isaac^, Daniel^ Benjamin*, James^, 
James-, Christopher'^) was b. Oct. 15, 1796, at Aurora, N. Y. ; 
m. July 22, 1822, at St. Paul, Ind., Mary Van Pelt, dau. of 
Alexander and Elizabeth (Corwin) Van Pelt. She was b. May 
4, 1804. He w^as a farmer. In politics, he was a Jeffersonian 
Democrat. She d. Aug. 3, 1842, at St. Paul. He m. 2d, Dec. 20, 
1842, at St. Paul, the Widow Sarah McClure, the sister of his 
first wife. She was b. June 18, 1810 ; d. April 2, 1843, at St. 
Paul. He m. 3d, Nov. 30, 1843, at St. Paul, Mahala Quinn 
Knight, dau. of William and Elizabeth (Quinn) Knight. She 
was b. May 19, 1822; d. Jan. 19, 1846, at St. Paul. He m. 4th, 
July 2, 1846, at St. Paul, the Widow Elizabeth Hill, the sister of 
his third wife. She was b. March 22, 1815. He d. Dec. 2, 1852, 
at St. Paul. 

472 The Groton Avery Clan 

Children of Herman and Mary (Van Pelt) Avery, b. at St. 


2382. i. Charlotte Ann', b. June 6, 1829. 

2383. ii. Daniel Wilson', b. March 30, 1832. 

2384. iii. Matthias Van Pelt', b. Feb. 19, 1834. 

2385. iv. Sarah Elizabeth', b. June 6, 1836. 
Three children died in infancy. 

Child of Herman and Mahala Quinn (Knight) Avery, b. at 

St. Paul : 

2386. i. Frances Ely*, b. March 24, 1845. 

Child of Herman and Elizabeth (Knight) Avery, b. at St. 

2387. i. MAHALA^ b. May 24, 1849. 
Two children died in infancy. 

1023. Guy Carleton^ Avery (Isaac^, Daniel^, Benjamin'^, 
James^, James", Christopher^) was b. July 7, 1798, at Aurora, 
N. Y.; m. Dec, 1821, at Northbend, Ohio, Elizabeth Towner, 
dau. of Homer Towner. He was a farmer. She d. March 10, 
1833, in Shelby County, Ind. He m. 2d, Nov. 21, 1833, in Shelby 
County, Sophia Bartley, dau. of John P. and Charity Bartley. 
She was b. Nov. 18, 1812, in Adams County, 0. He d. March 7, 
1846, in Shelby County; she d. Dec. 1, 1860, at the same place. 

Children of Guy Carleton and Elizabeth (Towner) Avery: 

2388. i. Homer Towner', b. Sept. 17, 1823, at Northbend, O. 

2389. ii. Sarah Louisa', b. Sept. 18, 1828, in Shelby County. 
iii. Frederick Barton', d. Aug. 29, 1838, in Shelby Co. 

Children of Guy Carleton and Sophia (Bartley) Avery, b. 

in Shelby County: 


Mary*, b. Sept. 19, 1836. 
i. Frederick WILLIAM^ b. April 14, 1838. 
ii. Guy Carleton', b. May 29, 1840. 
V. Edwin', b. Dec. 17, 1842; d. y. 
V. Thomas Bartley', b. Oct. 11, 1844; d. y. 

1024. Dudley^ Avery (Isaac^, Daniel^, Benjamin*, James^, 
James-, Christopher'^) was b. June 28, 1800, at Aurora, N. Y. ; 

m. Emily Copeland, dau. of Abram and (Haywood) 

Copeland. She was b. April 2, 1798, in Connecticut. He was a 
commission merchant. She d. Nov. 8, 1835, at Laporte, Ind. He 
m. 2d, Emma Marcia Russell, widow of Dr. Wood. She was b. 

The Seventh Generation 473 

March 6. 1806, at Jericho, Vt. He d. Dec. 10, 1842, at Memphis, 
Tenn. She d. March 10, 1891, at Chicago, 111. 

Children of Dudley and Emily (Copeland) Avery: 

2393. i. Edward Ely*, b. Oct. 2, 1823, at Northbend, O. 
ii. Sarah', b. Dec. 1, 1824, in Shelby Co., Ind.; d. y. 
iii. Isaac', b. 1825, in Shelby Co.; d. May 4, 1849. 

iv. Abraham', b. Oct. 16, 1827, at Northbend, O.; d. y. 

2394. V. Helen Eliza', b. March 2, 1829, in Shelby Co. 

2395. vi. Milton Herman', b. Aug. 9, 1830, in Shelby Co. 

2396. vii. Oscar', b. Dec. 30, 1831, in Shelby Co. 

2397. viii. Marie Antoinette', b. June 10, 1833, in Shelby Co. 

Children of Dudley and Emma Marcia (Russell) Avery: 

2398. i. Adela Elizabeth', b. July 8, 1838, at Carrolton, HI.; m. 

Charles Eldred; d. Feb. 11, 1864, at Carrolton. 

2399. ii. Frances EmmaS b. June 24, 1842, at Memphis, Tenn. 

1025. Charlotte Ann' Avery (Isaac^, Daniel^, Benjamin'^, 
James", James-, Christopher^) was b. July 21, 1803, at Aurora, 
N. Y. ; m. April 18, 1824, at Warsaw, Ky., Daniel Ordway 

Gillett, s. of Roger and Marcy (Marsh) Gillett. He was b. Nov. 
17, 1790, at Hartford township, Vt. She d. Dec. 3, 1861, at 
Exeter, 111. ; he d. April 25, 1878, at the same place. 

Child of Daniel Ordway and Charlotte Ann (Avery) Gillett, 
b. at Exeter, 111. : 

i. Frances Charlotte', b. Feb. 18, 1841; m. Capt. Ralph 
Jacoby Whitledge. Address, St. Louis, Mo. 

1026. William Pitt^ Avery {Isaac^, Daniel^, Benjamin*, 
James", James-, Christopher'^) was b. April 5, 1805, at Aurora, 
N. Y. ; m. Hannah Major, dau. of Thomas Major. She was b. in 
Ireland. He was a farmer and merchant. He d. Sept. 1, 1832, in 
Shelby Co., Ind. She d. about 1861. 

Child of William Pitt and Hannah (Major) Avery, b. in 

Shelby Co. : 

2400. i. Dinah', b. March 22, 1828. 

1027. Sally Maria" Avery (Isaac^, Daniel"^, Benjamin*, 
James''\. James-, Christopher'^) was b. Nov. 23, 1808, at Aurora, 
N. Y. ; m. Oct. 7, 1830, at Flat Rock, Ind., Matthias Corwin Van 
Pelt, s. of Alexander and Elizabeth (Corwin) Van Pelt. He was 


The Groton Avery Clan 

a brother of the wife of Herman Avery (No. 1022) and nephew 
of the famous Tom Corwin. He was b. Jan. 2, 1802, at Lebanon, 
0. He was a lawyer and later a commission merchant in Cin- 
cinnati. He was of high repute and great ability. He d. Aug. 
29, 1878, at Camp Denison, O. ; she d. Jan. 8, 1888, at the same 


Children of Matthias and Sally Maria (Avery) Van Pelt: 
i. Edna Avery', b. June 17, 1835, at Shelbyville, Ind.; m. Dr. 
Alfred Buckingham. She was a graduate of the Cincin- 
nati Wesleyan College and president of its alumnse associ- 
ation; her magnificent musical abilities were fully de- 
veloped; she was a member of the state humane society. 
She d. Jan. 11, 1905, at Camp Denison. 

Emma Corwin', b. Oct. 22, 1847, at Cincinnati. 


The Seventh Generation 



476 The Groton Avery Clan 

1028. Daniel" Avery (Isaac^, Daniel^, Benjamin^, James^, 
James-, Christopher^) was b. March 19, 1811, at Ulysses, N. Y. ; 
m. Jan. 11, 1838, at Winchester, 111., Elizabeth Haxby, dau. of 
William and Ann (Brewis-Pickering) Haxby. She was b. April 
27, 1817, at Scarborough, England. He was a merchant. He d. 
Dec. 28, 1866, at Winchester, 111. 

Children of Daniel and Elizabeth (Haxby) Avery, b. at 
Winchester, 111. : 

2401. i. Sarah Ann', b. July 20, 1840. 

2402. ii. Frances Helen', b. Oct. 3, 1846. 

2403. iii. DAXIEL^ b. Jan. 10, 1849. 

2404. iv. Henry Stewart', b. Jan. 23, 1851. 

1029. Helen" Avery (Isaac^, Daniel^ Benjamin*, James"", 
James\ Christopher^) was b. Nov. 11, 1812, at Ulysses, N. Y.; 
m. Nov. 18, 1830, in Shelby County, Ind., Thomas Rufus E. 
Davis, by whom she had three children, all of whom d. in 
infancy. She m. 2d, Oct. 14, 1841, at Exeter, 111., Alexander 
Leslie Underwood, s. of Silas and Lucy Underwood. He was b. 
June 21, 1814, at Hardwick, Vt. He was a physician. He d. 
iVxarch 5, 1870, at St. Paul, Ind. ; she d. May 22, 1