THE INDIAN WARS.
SAMUEL A. GREEN, M.D.
PRINTED BY JOHN WILSON AND SON,
BRAVE MEN AND HEROIC WOMEN
WHOSE HOMES WERE DESTROYED, WHOSE KINDRED WERE SLAIN, AND WHOSE
CHILDREN WERE CARRIED INTO CAPTIVITY, DURING THE
SEVERAL ASSAULTS ON THE TOWN BY
THIS ACCOUNT OP THEIR SUFFERINGS
BY THE AUTHOR.
I. KING PHILIP'S WAR 7
II. KING WILLIAM'S WAR 51
III. QUEEN ANNE'S WAR 86
IV. BUMMER'S WAR 125
V. KING GEORGE'S WAR 148
VI. FRENCH AND INDIAN WAR 157
VII. MISCELLANEOUS MATTERS 179
KING PHILIP'S WAR.
THE early settlers of Groton encountered many trials and
privations in planting the town. The men worked hard in
felling trees and breaking ground, and the women toiled
faithfully in their rude homes. They were used to hardships,
and took them with Christian resignation. Their daily life
taught them the true principles of philosophy. They lived
on the rough edge of civilization, and nothing stood between
them and an unbroken wilderness. These pioneers were a
devout people ; and the strength of their religious belief is
shown in no way so clearly as in the fortitude with which they
met their lot in life. The prowling Indians were their neigh-
bors, whose movements required careful watching. There
were families of savages scattered along the interval land of
the Nashua Valley, from Lancaster to the Merrimack River,
who at times annoyed the settlers by killing pigs and stealing
chickens. Judging from the number of stone implements
found in the neighborhood, there was an Indian village just
above the Red Bridge, on the west side of the river. It
probably consisted of a few families only, belonging to the
Nashua Tribe, as they were called by the English. Like all
their race these Indians were a shiftless people, and often
8 KING PHILIP'S WAR.
changed their abodes, going hither and thither, as they found
good hunting-grounds and fishing-places. They bartered skins
and furs with the planters ; and so much business was carried
on in this way, that the government sold to individuals the
right to trade with them. As early as July, 1657, Mr. John
Tinker, one of the original selectmen of the town, appointed
by the General Court, paid eight pounds for the privilege of
trafficking with them at Lancaster and Groton. A few of
these natives knew a little English, which they had picked
up from contact with the whites. Gookin refers to them in
his " History of the Christian Indians," when he speaks of
" some skulking Indians of the enemy, that formerly lived
about Groton, the principal whereof was named Nathaniel,
he and his party did this and other mischief afterward, in
burning several houses at Chelmsford." 1 This Nathaniel was
taken subsequently at Cocheco, now Dover, New Hampshire,
and hanged in Boston. Some of these vagrants took an
active part in the burning of Groton during King Philip's
War. The leader of the savages at this assault was John
Monaco, or Monoco, nicknamed " One-eyed John," from the
loss of an eye. After he had taken by stratagem a garrison-
house, he entered into a long conversation with Captain
Parker, who was stationed in another house near by, and
called him his old neighbor. From this fact I infer that
" One-eyed John " knew Captain Parker, and had previously
lived in the vicinity. Warfare among the aborigines did not
require generalship so much as knowledge of places; and
the head of an assaulting party was one familiar with the
clearings and the lay of the land in the threatened territory.
During the ensuing autumn this leader was brought to the
gallows in Boston, where he suffered the extreme penalty of
The Indians soon acquired from the English the love of
strong drink, which is sure to lead to disputes and quarrels.
1 Archasologia Americana, II. 471.
KING PHILIP'S WAR.
The earliest documents at the State House, relating to Groton
and the savages, give an account of a drunken brawl which
ended in murder. The affair took place in the Mcrrimack
Valley, and several men of this town were summoned to
appear as witnesses at the investigation before the General
Court in Boston. In the spring of 1668 Captain Richard
VValdron built a trucking or trading house at Penacook, now
Concord, New Hampshire, where a few weeks later one
Thomas Dickinson was murdered by an Indian while under
the influence of liquor. The homicide created great excite-
ment, and it has been supposed to have delayed the perma-
nent settlement of the place for many years. A warrant
was issued directing the constable of Groton to summon
John Page, Thomas Tarbell, Jr., Joseph Blood, and Robert
Parish, all of this town, before the General Court in order to
give their testimony, which they did under oath. It ap-
peared by the evidence that there had been a drunken row,
and that Dickinson was killed by an Indian, who acknowl-
edged the crime and expressed great sorrow for it, but
pleaded drunkenness in extenuation of the deed. The cul-
prit was tried at once by a council of the Indians, who
sentenced him to be shot, which was done the next day. It
is interesting now to note the high temperance stand taken,
more than two hundred years ago, by the Chief Tohaunto,
which places him abreast of the most earnest opposers of the
rum traffic at the present time.
Throughout this narration I purpose to give, as far as
practicable, the exact language of the men connected with
the events ; and for this reason many original documents are
printed in full. Some of the papers relating to the affair at
Penacook are as follows :
To the Constable of Groatcn
These. Require yo" in his Maj tys name, to sumone & require John
Page & such othe r of y c toune y' went vp to Inquire for y c ir catle. at
10 KING PHILIP'S WAR.
Pemicook presently on the death of the Englishman murthured by y'
Indians there lately in a drunken fitt. as is sayd & others y l yo" know-
to make theire Appearances before the Generall [Court] now sitting in
Boston on 27 th Instan'. at eight of y c clocke in the morning to give
in their euidences in y' J Case relating to y e sd murthe r & y' occasion
thereof by selling strong liquo r s & by whom as they know or have heard
making yo r return of this warrant to the Secretary at or before y' time
hereof yo" are not to faile dated in Boston, the 1 5 th of Octobe' 1668.
By the Court EDW : RAWSON Sere" '
These thre men namly John Page Thomas an Robard
Tarball Juni r & Joseph Blood are Summanced Parish
to apear e at the Generall Court, according to the premises :
by mee MATTHIAS FARNWORTH
Constable of Grawton
To the Constable Grawten
[Massachusetts Archives, XXX. 155.]
The words " an Robard Parish " appear in the original, in
one corner of the writing, as given above. They were evi-
dently put in after the document was written.
The Deposition of Danll Waldron being called to speak what I
know about the Death of Thomas Dikison who was killed by an
Indian as they say : my selfe with many others was sent up by my
father to see the corps and enquire into his death when we came
there we found the man dead and an Indian lying dead by him and
examining the Indians how he came by his death they said the Indian
that lay dead by him killed him with his knife : and enquiring further
why he killed him the Indians told us they asked him and he gave
them no answere but bid them shoott him : and further enquiring
whether the Indian were Drunk they answered that he was not Drunk
and after this we saw him buried presently, and we returned home the
This was taken vpon oath : this 20 : I of y e 8 : [ mo 1668 before vs
[Massachusetts Archives, XXX. i ;;.]
W M HATHORXF.
KING PHILIP'S WAR. II
Wee whose names are herevnto subscribed doe testifye that in or
aboute y e Month of June last past goeing to Pennycooke to enquire
after Cattle yt were lost, rideing to y e ffort at the sayd Pennicooke,
meeteing w th some of the Indians belonging thereto told us, y' an
Englishman was Killed by an Indian, and that all our Englishmans
Laws they had Killed the Indian, wee farther enquireing of them how
and whether the Indians were drunck when the Englishman was
Killed, and they answered all Indians were then drunck or else they
had noe Kild Englishman ; And farther wee Evidence Tohaunto
a Sagamore being afrayd that wee had brought Liquors to sell desired us
if wee had any, that wee would power it vppon the ground for it would
make ye Indians all one Divill, And farther wee meeteing wth Thomas
Payne, who told us he was Cap' \Valdern's serv 1 , asking him whether
the Indians were druncke when the Englishman was Killed, and he
answered not drunck ; and after farther discourse wth ye sd Payne he
sayd that ye pson that was Killed was Peter Coffins man and farther
sayd that if the Killing of the Man did not prevent it his the sayd
Paynes Master Capt Walderne and Peter Coffin did intend to send
Carpenters to build there and also to have ground broake vpp to be
improved, and wee farther affirme that wee saw a Rundlett which
would hold at least six Gallons in the Trucking House near the sayd
ffort ; after wch wee meeteing wth the Indians then there, and telling
them yt Thomas Payne told us that they were not drunck when The
Englishman was Killed the Indians then sayd yt Payne much Lyed,
for wee had Divers Quarts of Liquors the same day that the sayd
Englishman was Killed upon and one of the Indians Cofnaunded his
Squagh to wash a Bladder, wherein the Indian sayd there was a Quart
of Liquors and wee doe adiudge it to be as much ; or using words to
the same effect
Octob r 27'.'' 1668 ROBB PARRIS
Sworne in Court, 27, octobe r 1668 : JOSEPH BLOUD
EDW : RAWSONT Secret y
[Massachusetts Archives, XXX. 161.]
During a series of years before King Philip's War the
Indians had been supplied with arms and ammunition,
12 KING PHILIP'S WAR.
though this was contrary to the laws of the colonies. The
French in Canada and the Dutch in New York had carried
on considerable traffic with the natives in these contraband
articles ; and occasionally some avaricious settler would
barter with them, giving powder and shot in exchange.
The possession of firearms made the Indians bold and
insolent, and the tendency of events was toward open hos-
tilities. This tendency was strengthened by a feeling of sus-
picion on the part of the colonists, and by one of jealousy
on the part of the savages. Distrust always grows out of
suspicion, and the fears of the settlers began to be excited
when they thought of their exposed situation. Under these
circumstances, it was wise to prepare for all emergencies;
and at an early day a military company was organized in
this town. The following entry is made in the manuscript
records of the General Court during the session beginning
May 6, 1673 : -
James Parker of Groaten hairing had the care of the military Com-
pany there for seuerall yeares. is Appointed & ordered to be their
leiftennant & W" Larkin to be ensign e to the sajd Company there
[General Court Records, IV. 718.]
The two officers of this organization were each promoted
one grade during the next autumn, which would indicate that
the company was filling up in numbers. At the session of
the General Court beginning October 15, 1673, the record
The military Company of Groaten being destitnt of military
oficers The Court Judgeth it meet to choose & Appoint James Parker
to be their captane W" 1 Lakin to be leiftennant & Nathaniel Lawrence
to be their ensigne
[General Court Records, IV. 726.]
Before this time there had been in Middlesex County a
company of troopers, or cavalry, made up of men living
KING PHILIP'S WAR. 13
in the frontier towns, of which Groton was one as men-
tioned in the General Court Records of October, 1669.
One of the prominent men in the history of the Colony at
this period was Major Simon Willard. A native of Eng-
land, he came to Massachusetts in the year 1634. He had
lived at Concord, Lancaster, and Groton, and in all these
places exerted a wide influence. He had rilled various civil
offices, and in his day was a noted military man. His farm
was situated at Nonacoicus, now included within the limits of
Ayer; and his dwelling-house was the first building burned
at the attack on Groton, March 13, 1676. During several
months previously he had been engaged with his men in
scouting along the line of frontier settlements and protecting
the inhabitants. At this assault Major Willard came with a
company of cavalry to the relief of the town, though he did
not reach the place in time to be of service in its defence.
He died at Charlestown, on April 24, 1676, a very few weeks
after this town was abandoned. Benjamin Tompson, the
earliest native American poet, pays the following tribute to
his character, in a little pamphlet published during King
Philip's War, and entitled " New England's Tears." It is
certainly rude in expression, and probably just in its concep-
tion, but not accurate as to the date of his death :
About this Time Died Major Willard Esq ; who had continued
one of our Senators many years, and Head of the Massachuset Bands.
In 23 April 1676.
Great, Good, and Just, Valiant, and Wise,
New Englands Common Sacrifice :
The Prince of War, the Bond of Love,
A True Heroick Martial Dove :
Pardon I croud his Parts so close
Which all the World in measure knows,
We envy Death, and well we mav,
Who keeps him under Lock and Ke\.
14 KING PHILIP'S WAR.
His Praises will, or are more largely celebrated ; but let this be
accepted according to the Nature of my Writings, which are but Brief
The first mention of anything in the town- records, relating
to the Indians or the War, is the following:
At a meeting of the sellect men Jully 2 July 22 75 a rat made
for the defraying of the charg of the ware and put in to the hand
of William Longiey constable to gather the sume 23! 14" 4 added 7
shill more than the Just proportion
The mutterings of warfare were now beginning to be heard,
and the colonists were looking for protection. Captain Par-
ker writes to Governor Leverett, under date of August 25,
1675, that the inhabitants "are in a very great strait" and
" much discouraged in their spirits ; " that they want ammu-
nition and twenty good muskets for their pikemen. The
letter itself, with the quaint expressions of two centuries ago,
gives a good idea of their narrow circumstances, and is as
To the honoured John Leneret Esquir Goucrnour of the Massechusets
Honoured sir with the rest of your counsell I have made bold to
enform your worships how the case stand with vs that the Indians are
aproach 5 near to vs our scouts hau discouerd seuerall tracks very
near the habetable parts of the town and one Indian they discouerd
but escapt from them by skulking amongst the bushes and som of the
Inhabitants of our town have heard them in the night singing and
halloeing. which doe determin to vs their great height of Insolency :
we are in a very great strait our Inhabitants are very much discour-
aged in their spirits and their by diseuaded from their callings I haue
receiued 20 men from the worshipfall Major Wellard and Captain
Mosselly men to help secur our town, but notwithstanding we are in a
very weak capacity to defend ourselues against the Insolency and
potency of the enemy if they shold apear in number and with that
violenc that they did apear at quabog [Brookfield] the which the
good lord forbid if it be his good pleasur, much honoured and
KING PHILIP'S WAR. 15
respected the good lord be with you In your consultations that you
may vnderstand what to doe for your new england Israel at such a tini
as this and in particular ourselues and for our dear neighbours at Lan-
chester vpon whom the enemy haue made an Inraid 6 persons are
already found and buryed the 7?^which they doe expect is kild is not
as yet found you may be pleased to tak notice that we shall want
ammunition spedily by reason that we hau parted with som to Cap'
Mosselly men and som we spent 'in the fight at quabog as also I hau
suplyed the souldiers with amunition that were sent to me that was
Imployed in the seruice they hauing spent their ammunition If you
could help vs with 20 good muskets for our pik men and I will return
them again or else giu a valluable price for them in such pay as
we can produce among ourselues not else at present but leaue you
to the guidance of the God of heauen who is the only wise counsellor
Your seruant to cofhaund in any seruice to my power
JAMES PARKER Cap 1
August 25 75
[Massachusetts Archives, LXVII. 244.]
A few days before the date of this letter, Captain Samuel
Moseley writes from " Nashowah Allies Lankcster: i6 : h Augs'
1675 " that, in accordance with instructions from Major-
General Denison, he had sent "to Groatton : 12: men."
These are among the ones alluded to in Captain Parker's let-
ter, as having arrived to help secure the town. Captain
Moseley further says:
also last nightt aboutt seaven A Clocke we martched Into Nashowah
[Lancaster] wheare we are Att Presentt butt shall as soone as the Con-
stable Hajth prest vs a dozen Horsses ; Proseed for groatton & so to
Chenceford ; according to the ord r s Majo r Willerd gaue me yesterday
Att Quoahbauge [Brookfield].
I Massachusetts Archives, LXVII. 239.]
The letter was written a few days after Major \Villard and
Captain Parker, both of Groton, had gone with forty-six men
1 6 KING PHILIP'S WAR.
and five Indians, to the rescue of Brookfield, on August y,
1675, and just in the nick of time saved that town from
massacre. An interesting account of this affair, written by
Captain Thomas Wheeler, is found in the second volume of
the " Collections of the New Hampshire Historical Society."
Captain Wheeler was a brave soldier, and severely wounded
in that campaign. Evidently he could fight better than he
could spell, judging from the following certificate : -
To the honered Governer &> Counccll of tlic Massathusets Colony in
These are to signyfie that Cornellius Consert the Dutchman was
vppon the Contryes Servis Att quabauge & by the Councle of warre
there was sent out Cap 1 of the forlorne And Afterward marched to
Grotton & Chensford & According to my best Advice Continued in
the Countryes servis six weekes Cornellius being Reddy to depart the
Country & myselfe being here att boston the Major Willard being
Absent I granted this ticket.
THOMAS WHELER Cap'
BOSTON October y e 13
[Massachusetts Archives, LXVIII. 7.]
In those days there was no physician here to offer his pro-
fessional skill to the government in its time of need, and
even a small military force was sure to require medical or
surgical attendance. It therefore became necessary to im-
press into the public service a surgeon, as well as a horse with
accoutrements, as we find from the following order:
2}) the Constable of Boston.
These Require you in his Majes tyq name forthwith to Impresse M r
W m Haukins Chirurgeon : Imediately to prepare himself \v lh materials
as Chirurgeon & to dispatch to Marlbory. to Capt Mosely & attend his
motion & souldiers at Groaten. or elsewhere : for wch End you are
KING PHILIP'S WAR. 1 7
also to Impresse an able horse & furniture for him : to Goe : w :h the
Dated at Boston if h Augus' 1675 making Return hereof to the
By y e Council
EDW. RAWSON Secret y
IMassachusetts Archives, LXVII. 241.]
The constable made the indorsement on the order that Dr.
Hawkins was duly warned. According to Savage's Genealogi-
cal Dictionary he was a butcher, but in his will he is styled
a surgeon, a union of callings which is rather suggestive.
At this time King Philip's War had begun, and open hos-
tilities had alarmed the inhabitants of the place. The Council
passed an order on September 8, 1675, that Cornet Thomas
Brattle and Lieutenant Thomas Henchman should take fifty
men, of whom thirty were to come from Norfolk, then a dif-
ferent county from the present one, and twenty from Middle-
sex, and place them in the garrisons at Dunstable, Groton,
and Lancaster, in such proportions as they should deem
expedient. The order is as follows :
For Cornet Thomas Bratle cV Leif tenant Thomas Henchman
You are herby impoured & appointed with a party of horsmen
vnder your coiuand, forthwith to march to Chelmsford to attend &
put in execution the instructions following :
i first you are ordered with fifty soldiers that are appointed to meet
you, at Leift Henchmans vizt thirty y' are to come from the county of
Norfolke & twenty out of the county of Midlesex, that are ordered to
meet you at Groton these fifty men you are ordered to sett in garri-
sons in the frontier townes of Dunstable, Groton, and Lancaster &c in
such proportion as in your discretion shal bee expedient placing them
vnder the comand of the cheefe military officers of each towne :
giueing those officers direction : to joyne & lyst other meet persons of
their owne companyes with them, & order them euery day to surraund
the townes y e y are to secure ; & if they can to carry doggs with y m to
search for & discouer any enimy that may aproch nere such towne &
18 KING PHILIP'S WAR.
at night to repaire vnto such corps du gaurd, as are appointed to them
for the security of the s d place, and there to keep watch by night ;
& furthermore you are to declare vnto the Inhabitants of each Towne
(you are herby orclerd to garrison) that the Gouerno r & council do
expect their bee meet prouisions of victual made for the garrison sol-
diers herby ordered, at y 1 ' charge of towne ; whch is not to bee brought
vnto the acco 1 of the publicke ; & if any town or people decline so to
Doe so you are herby ordered not to leaue any soldiers with them.
Secondly you are further ordered, to Vse your best endeuor to setle,
compose & quiet matters respecting the Indians our neighboars, par-
ticularly those that Hue at Wamesit, Nashubah, & Malborough ; y 1 } ou
endeuer to put in execution the printed order, relating to those indi-
ans & particularly y 1 you procure some english man or men to bee
with y" 1 or at least, to visit y'" once a day to be as guardians for securing
the english and indians, that neither the one or other may bee piudiced
or injured, &: the council are willing to allow such person or psons a
meet compensation for their seruice in y 1 Imploy. And concerning
the Indians at Marlborow who are ordered to reside at Hassanamesit
about twelue miles distant whether you are to order the cheefe officer
of Malborow to conuey them, &: if you can possibly procure, an
english man or two to reside with them, at Hassanamesit according as
the printed order proude but in case that can not bee obtained y"
those indians must be left at Hassanamesit with exp r se charge punck-
tualy to Obserue the printed order.
Lastly you are to endeauor either one or both of you (if it may bee)
to gaine the Indian Sachem called Wannalanset to com in againe and
Hue at wamesit quietly [and] pecabley you may promise him in the
Councills name y' if hee will returne &: his people <S: line quietly at
Wamesit hee shal susteyne no p r iudise by the english : only you are to
ppose to him y' he deliuer for a hostage to the english his sonne who
shalbe wel vsed by vs. & in case hee come in & can bee gained then
you are to impour him to informe the Pennakooke & Xatacook indians
& all other indians on the East side of Merrimack Riuer, that they may
hue quietly & peacable in y r places & shall not bee disturbed any
more by the english prouided they do not assist or ioyne with any of
or enimiy nor do any dammage or preiudice to y" english :
And hauing put in execution these instructions you are to returne
home and giue an acco' thereof to the Council.
KING PHILIP'S WAR. IQ
And what euer is necessary for fulfiling these Instructions you arc
herby impowred by order of the Gouno r & Councel to do it.
past by y c Councel 8 September 1675
E R S.
[Massachusetts Archives, LXVII. 252.]
About this time the question of withdrawing a considerable
force from the garrisons seems to have been considered ; but
a protest against such action was drawn up and signed by
Simon Willard and three others, who were probably the
officers in command. From the representation they made,
it is not likely that any troops were taken away. The com-
munication was as follows :
Honerd Gentlemen the Gouvr 6* Councell
This afternoon, we had acordinge to your order, discourse with
Capt Hincksman, in reference to his actings in his waye as to the
comisione he reed frome you, he is to take : 80 men frome oure
Garisons, that is all we haue or mor, & we : stand in neede of more
but we dare not be so bold, our corne, that littill . we haue, is time it
weare gathered, but if our scouts be taken off heer is littill be gathered,
& many will be hardly kept with vs, but will rune awaye frome all our
townes, you hapily may thinke we are afrayd, we will not bost ther-
about, but we dare saye, our liues are not dear vnto vs, in any way
that God shall call vs to, our thoughts are that it is not advisable to
march vp to penicooke wher ther are many Indians at the p r sent,
yet many abroad about all our towns as apears dayly, but our p r sent
thoughts are, that it might be for p r sent saftie for the country, that a
Garison wear settled ouer Merrimake Riuer about donstable, that ther
maye be enttercorse betwene our towns & that Garison, we haue
apoyntted Capt Pakr & left Hinckesmen, who will relatte y things to
giu you reall light, much further than is meet now to do, or then time
will pmitt, we are not willinge to truble you any further, but rest
your humble servants
GROATON this 25"' : 7 : 75
SALOM A DAMES
JAMES PARKER :
[Massachusetts Archives, LXVII. 265.] JAMES KlDDER
20 KING- PHILIP'S WAR.
In the autumn of this year October 27, 1675 the town
was assessed \ i. lOs. as her rate to carry on the war; and,
when paid in money, one quarter to be abated. (Archives,
LXVIII. 29.) This amount appears to be in addition to
the rate made at a general town meeting on July 22 of the
It is evident, from an entry in the town-records, that ther.e
was about this time a slight lull in the local excitement. It
At a Generall Towne meeting held no- 8 1675 It was this day
agreed vpon and by vote declared that there should be a committe
chussen to treat with Mr Willard about sending down to the general!
court to Enforme and supplicat to them that we may haue payd to vs
what is our due from the countrey and also that the Billit of the soul-
diers may be vpon the countreys account and also agreed vpon that if
this would not doe for to stand it out at law with them
and the commitee chussen was Cap' Parker Leiftenant Lakin
William Longley seni- John Page.
It will be seen by this vote that the inhabitants of the town
did not now feel greatly alarmed ; but one month later they
had become more apprehensive of danger, as the following
extract will show :
At a Generall Towne meeting held Decem 9 75 It was this day
agreed vpon and by vot declared that the soldiers that are still remain-
ing in the town shalbe continued in the towne at the town charge till
such tim as we heare a returne from the army goei[ng] against the
naroganset and then the towne to meet againe to consider what is fur-
der to be done.
The ensuing winter must have been a hard one for the
colonists, not only here but throughout New England. The
Indians had burned some towns and threatened others, and it
was a season of distrust and despair. The time was rapidly
approaching when this place would suffer, and soon- the
stroke came. It seems from the following " request," now in
KING PHILIP'S WAR. 21
the possession of Dr. John S. H. Fogg, of South Boston, that
the assault was not unexpected :
To the Hono'ed the Genera II Co r t of the Massachusetts Colony,
in AE :
The humble request of the inhabitants of the Town of Groton,
That Wheras in this day of Calamity & distresse, wee are fellow-
sufferers with our brethren & neighbo r s, in the sad & doleful conse-
quences of the present unhappye warre ; though wee have cause to
adore & praise that mercy which hath preserved us from such desola-
tion under which o r neere neighbo r s are now bleeding ; yet o r suffer-
ings are such, as, except the Lord helpe, wee are sinking under.
Esteeming it therefore o r duty to apply o r selves to yo r hono rs , whom
wee account o r publicke fathers, & trust you will improve yo r wisdome
& abilityes for us : wee doe earnestly crave o r present state to be con-
sidered, & weighed in a just balance ; who are brought neere to
utmost streights. The enemye (as we groundedly suppose) waiting
an opportunity against us ; the season of the yeere calling to employ-
ment, & hasting to passe away from us : ourselves brought into a
narrow compasse, & ready to undergoe sore sufferings, by reason of
necessary arising inconveniencyes ; o r provision neere consumed, &
souldiers quartered amongst us hastening the expense of it ; our wives
& children, some removed, others removing ; our cattel lying open to
dayly hazards of being seized ; These things portend to us a famine,
& poverty, coming upon us with as great fury on the one hand, as the
enemy on the other ; & wee at the present are unable to be beneficial
to the publicke & private interest incumbent upon us. Wee humbly,
& upon o r knees crave yo r hono r s direction & assistance in this case, as
the Lord shall direct whither wee shall goe or stay, or what way we
may be set in, & wheras we were summoned to send in o r deputy we
did esteeme o r present state required the presence of o r souldiery at
home, especially men in place & office with, us : wee therefore, being
small in number, & dayly waiting the approach of the enemye, have
(not in any despising of authority) refrained from chusing one : &
withal have chosen, o r Rever! 1 Pasto r M r Sam e " Willard to present this
o r humble request, & farther to expresse o r minds and humble desires,
as occasion may present, & yo r hono' 5 shall see meet to enquire into.
22 KING PHILIP'S WAR.
Commending you to the most hygh, & supplicating the God of heaven
to reveale counsel! in this day of darknesse, & to make you instru-
ments of his glorye, & his peoples peace ; Wee rest,
Yo r hono rs
From Groton this humble
Febr : 19. 75. Suppliants
JAMES PARKER :
To the Hono r ed the Generall Co r t
of the Massachusetts Colonye
Assembled in Boston
The following petition, sent to the Council then in session
at Boston, was written four days before the burning of Lan-
caster, and five weeks before the destruction of Groton. The
original paper, in the handwriting of the Reverend Samuel
Willard, is now among the Shattuck Manuscripts in the
library of the New England Historic Genealogical Society.
Mr. Willard was the minister of Groton at that time, and the
son of Major Simon Willard. The perilous condition of
the frontier towns in the neighborhood is well portrayed in
this document. Allusion is made to the sudden removal of the
W T amesit Indians, a friendly tribe living near the present site
of the city of Lowell, which created considerable alarm, as
it was then feared that they had joined the enemy. It turned
out, however, to be groundless, as they had gone into the
wilderness only for a short time, in order to keep clear of the
intricacies of King Philip's War.
To the hono r ed Counsill of the. Massachuscts sitting in Boston.
The humble petition of us whose names arc subscribed, humbly
That wheras it seemeth meet to yo r Worships to commend to o r
hon r ed Majo r Willard, <S: impose upon him the mainteining a con-
tinued scout of fourty troopers & Dragoons to range between Groton,
KING PHILIP'S WAR. 23
Lancaster, & Marlborough, for the securing of the interest of the
Countrey in those parts ; wee make bold humbly to p r sent o r concep-
tions upon that account : For Marlborough wee conceive the present
supply left there in garison doe Answer the end more fully, & alsoe
will render o r scout an unnecessary burden, for Lancaster Groton,
wee find by experience that o r safety is little advanced in this way, by
reason of soe long absence, & soe great distance of this scout neces-
sary in this method : besides the incumbrance lying upon us for
quarters for horse & men, besides, the drawing up of o r men from
severall Townes to such a limit, seemes to carry inconvenience with it,
the Towns from whence o r forces are raised especially Chelmsford &
Bellerikey, being weake & in want of more strength at home, & danger
accreuing to them, by the sudden and suspicious removall of the
Wamassuk Indians, whose troopers doe hereupon desire a release ;
moreover the conceptions of the Townes related conceive humbly,
that a scout of garrisoned souldiers, though of a lesse number, & those
footmen, whom the Townes may out of themselves make Dragoons.
by order fro authority, as occasion may present ; would be more for
the security of the Townes, besides the hazard in which so small a
number must needs goe in, as wee have sufficient ground to suspect
by experience, & many emergencyes which may suddenly fall out
before addresse bee made to yo r Worships ; wee humbly p r sent to yo r
Hon r s to consideration, & if it seeme Rational!, to alter, or adde to
this matter according to yo r discretion.
Yo r Hono rs humble suppliants :
JAMES PARKER :
GROTON: Febr : 6. 1675. THO: WHEELER
Capt. Parke r Wheeler & Woodys letter to y e Couns'l Rec feb. 8.
To the hono r ed the Councill of The Massachusets sitting In Boston.
The following order, signed with the initials of Daniel
Gookin and Thomas Danforth, the two members of the
Council living in Cambridge, was issued during an emer-
24 KING PHILIP'S WAR.
gency, and subsequently approved by a majority of that body.
The town was threatened, and there was no time for delay.
Major Willard's quarters were at Nonacoicus, and it was to
that place that Captain Cook and his command were ordered
to go. It is highly probable that these Essex and Norfolk
men formed a part of the force that came under Major Wil-
lard to the relief of the town, as mentioned by Mr. Hubbard
in his Narrative.
To M r Joseph Cooke
You are hereby ordered & impowred to take ye comand of the
Dragoons & Troops, now Impressed out of Essex and Norff for the
service of the Country., you are to conduct them vp to Major Willard,
taking speciall care that they make no waste of their aitiunition, &
demeane themselves silently & vigilanty, so as may be for their
ovvne security, & gaineing an opportunity if providence put any, for
distressing the enemy, & securing the English interest, all w ch you
are carefully to intend, and all the said soldjers, you are [to] take
their names in a list, who are hereby required to obey you as their
comander, & when you shall come to the Majors Quarters, you are
required to attend his further order, & in so doing this shall be yo r
warrant, making returne to ye Councell of w' you shall do herein.
By order of the Council!.
date in Camfcr. The Council mett on the
16. i. 167^ 16 : of March 1675 6.
Essex. 48. And Approoved of this Act of
Norff. 40. Majo r Gookin & M r Danforth
as Attest E R S
p r sent
M r BRADS'
M r GOOKIN
M r DNF
M r STOUGHTON-
[Massachusetts Archives, LXVIII. 162.]
KING PHILIP'S WAR. 25
Nearly one-and-twenty years had passed since the little
settlement in the wilderness was begun, and Groton was fast
approaching its majority. The new town had enjoyed a mod-
erate share of prosperity, and was slowly working out its
destiny. The founders were poor in this world's goods, but
rich in faith and courage. They had now tasted the hard-
ships of frontier life, but not as yet felt the horrors of savage
warfare. The distant thunders of a threatening storm were
beginning to be heard, and the occasional flashes put the
early settlers on their guard. King Philip's War had broken
out during the summer of 1675, and the outlying settlements
were exposed to new dangers. The inhabitants of this town
took such precautions as seemed needful, and trusted in
Providence for the rest. They were just beginning to pre-
pare for the work of another season, when a small band of
prowling Indians alarmed the toxvn by pillaging eight or
nine houses and driving off some cattle. This occurred on
March 2, 1676, and was a sufficient warning, probably, to
send the inhabitants to the garrison-houses, whither they were
wont to flee in time of danger. These places of refuge were
usually houses surrounded by a strong wall of stone or tim-
ber, built up as high as the eaves, with a gateway, and port-
holes for the use of musketry.
In Groton there were five such garrison-houses, and under
their protection many a sleepless, anxious night was passed
by the inmates. Four of these houses were very near each
other, and the fifth was nearly a mile away. The sites of
some of them are well known. One was Mr. Willard's house,
which stood near the High School ; another was Captain
Parker's house, which stood just north of the Town Hall ; and
a third was John Nutting's house, on the other side of James's
Brook. The fourth was probably north of John Nutting's,
but perhaps south of Mr. Willard's. There is a tradition that
one stood near the house formerly owned and occupied by
the late Eber Woods, which would make the fifth garrison-
house " near a mile distant from the rest." Richard Sautell,
26 KING PHILIP'S WAR.
the first town-clerk, was living on this site at that time, and
his house would have been a convenient rallying point for
the neighbors. He probably was the Richard Sawtell who
was a member of Major Appleton's company in this War.
It is recorded in the inventory of his estate, on file in the
Middlesex Probate Office at East Cambridge, that Timothy
Cooper, 1 of Groton, was " Sleine by the Indeins the Second
clay of march 1675-6." Cooper was an Englishman by birth,
and lived, probably, somewhere between the present site of
the Baptist meeting-house and the beginning of Earmers' Row.
It is not known that there was other loss of life at this time,
but the affair was serious enough to alarm the inhabitants.
They sought refuge immediately in the garrison-houses, as
the Indians were lurking in the vicinity. On March 9 the
savages again threatened the beleaguered town, and, by a
cunningly contrived ambush, managed to entrap four men at
work, of whom one was killed and one captured, while the
other two escaped. This second assault must have produced
great alarm and consternation among the people of the town.
The final and principal attack, however, came on the I3th,
when the enemy appeared in full body, thought to be not
less than four hundred in number. The inhabitants at this
time all were gathered into the several garrison-houses for
protection. During the previous night the savages scattered
throughout the neighborhood, and the first volley of shot on
the morning of the I3th was the signal for the general burning
of the town; and in this conflagration the first meeting-house
of Groton was destroyed, together with about forty dwelling-
houses. This building, erected at the cost of many and great
privations, was the pride of the inhabitants. With its thatched
roof it must have burned quickly; and in a very short time
nothing was left but a heap of smoking embers. Although
1 John Cooper, of Weston Hall, England, in his will, written November 21,
1654, and proved the next year, mentions his " brother Timothy Cooper no~w in
New England," with children. The will is on file in the Registry of Probate,
KING PHILIP'S WAR. 27
it had never been formally dedicated to religious worship, it
had been consecrated in spirit to the service of God by the
prayers of the minister and the devotion of the congregation.
In this assault John Nutting's garrison was taken by strata-
gem. The men defending it had been drawn out by two
Indians, apparently alone, when the savages in ambush arose
and killed one of the men, probably John Nutting himself,
and wounded three others. At the same time the garrison-
house, now defenceless, was attacked in the rear and the pali-
sades pulled down, allowing the enemy to take possession.
The women and children, comprising those of five families,
escaped to Captain Parker's house, situated between James's
Brook and the Town Hall.
There is a tradition, which is entitled to credence, that
John Nutting was killed while defending his log-house fort
during King Philip's War. His wife's name appears a few
months later in the Woburn town-records as " Widow Nut-
ting," which is confirmatory of the tradition.
Several printed accounts of King Philip's War appeared
very soon after it was ended, and these furnish nearly all that
is known in regard to it. At that time there was no special
correspondent on the spot to get the news ; and, as the means
for communication were limited, these narratives differ some-
what in the details, but they agree substantially in their gen-
With the exception of Hubbard's Narrative, the contempo-
rary accounts of this assault on the town are all short ; and
I purpose to give them, in the words of the writers, for what
they are worth. The first is from " A Brief History of the
Warr with the Indians in Newe-England," by Increase Mather,
28 KING PHILIP'S WAR.
published in the year 1676. This account, one of the ear-
liest in print, is as follows : -
March the loth. Mischief was done, and several lives cut off by
the Indians this day, at Groton and at Sudbury. An humbling Provi-
dence, inasmuch as many Churches were this day Fasting and Pray-
ing. (Page 23.)
March 13. The Indians assaulted Groton, and left but few houses
standing. So that this day also another Candlestick was removed out
of its place. One of the first houses that the Enemy destroyed in this
place, was the House of God, h. e. which was built, and set apart for the
celebration of the publick Worship of God.
When they had done that, they scoffed and blasphemed, and came
to Mr. Willard (the worthy Pastor of the Church there) his house
(which being Fortified, they attempted not to destroy it) and taunt-
ingly, said, What will you do for a house to pray in now we have
burnt your Meeting-house ? Thus hath the enemy done wickedly in
the Sanctuary, they have burnt up the Synagogues of God in the
Land ; they have cast fire into the Sanctuary ; they have cast down
the dwelling place of his name to the Ground. O God, how long
shall the Adversary reproach ? shall the Enemy Blaspheme thy Name
for ever 1 why withdrawest thou thine hand, even thy right hand /
pluck it out of thy bosome. (Page 24.)
Several accounts of the war appeared in London in 1676,
only a few months after the destruction of this town. They
were written in New England, and sent to Old England,
where they were at once published in thin pamphlets. The
authors of them are now unknown, but undoubtedly they
gathered their materials from hearsay. At that time Indian
affairs in New England attracted a good deal of attention in
the mother country. One of these pamphlets is entitled :
" A True Account of the most Considerable Occurrences
that have hapned in the Warrc between the English and the
Indians in New England, ... as it hath been communicated
by Letters to a Eriend in London." This narrative says :
On the 1 3th of March, before our Forces could return towards our
Parts, the Indians sent a strong party, and assaulted the Town of
KING PHILIP'S WAR. 29
Growton, about forty miles North-west from Boston, and burn'd all
the deserted Houses ; the Garrison'd Houses, which were about ten,
all escaped but one, which they carryed, but not the English in it ;
for there was but one slain and two wounded. (Page 2.)
Another account, entitled : " A New and Further Narra-
tion of the State of New England, being a continued account
of the Bloudy Indian-war," gives the following version : -
The 1 4th of March the savage Enemy set upon a Considerable
Town called Groughton, and burnt Major Wilberds House first
(who with his family removed to Charls Town) and afterwards de-
stroyed sixty Five dwelling-houses more there, leaving but six houses
standing in the whole Town, which they likewise furiously attempted
to set on fire ; But being fortified with Arms and Men as Garisons,
they with their shot, killed several of the Enemy, and prevented so
much of their designe ; Nor do we hear that any person on our side
was here either slain or taken captive. (Page 4.)
A few pages further on it says : " Grant ham and Nasha-
way all ruined but one house or two." (Page 14.) Few
persons would recognize this town under the disguise of
A third one of these London pamphlets, bearing the title
of " News from New-England," says : -
The ith of March following these bloody Indians march't to a con-
siderable Town called Croaton where they first set fire to Major Wil-
lards house, and afterwards burnt 65 more, there being Seaventy two
houses at first so that there was left standing but six houses of the
whole Town. (Page 4.)
The details of the burning of the town are found in " A
Narrative of the Troubles with the Indians in New England,"
written by the Reverend William Hubbard, and printed in the
year 1677. It is the fullest history of the events relating to
Groton appearing near the time ; and very likely many of the
facts were obtained from the Reverend Mr. Willard. The
30 KING PHILIP'S WAR.
account is not as clear as might be desired, and contains
some glaring discrepancies. It is as follows :
March 2. They assaulted Groton : the next day over night Major
Willard with seventy Horse came into the Town ; forty Foot also
came up to their relief from Watertown, but the Indians were all fled,
having first burned all the Houses in the Town, save four that were
Garisoned, the Meeting-house being the second house they fired,
Soon after Capt. Sill was sent with a small Party of Dragoons of 8
Files to fetch off the Inhabitants of Groton, and what was left from
the spoyle of the enemy, having under his conduct about sixty Carts,
being in depth from front to reer above two mile : when a party of
Indians lying in ambush, at a place of eminent advantage, fired upon
the front and mortally wounded two of the vaunt Carriers, who dyed
both the next night ; and might (had God permitted) have done emi-
nent damage to the whole Body, it being a full hour before the whole
Body could be drawne up, which was done with care and Courage :
but the Indians after a few more shot made, without doing harm,
retired, and made no further assault upon them, being the same Party
of Indians which the day before had burned some part of Chelms-
ford. Soon after this Village was deserted and destroyed by the
enemy : yet was it a special providence, that though the carts were
guarded with so slender a Convoy, yet there was not any considerable
The Surprizall of Groton was after this manner.
On March, 2. The Indians came in the night and rifled eight or nine
houses and carried away some cattle, and alarmed the Town.
On March, 9. About ten in the morning a parcel of Indians (having
two dayes lurked in the town, and taken possession of three out-houses
and feasted themselves with corn, divers swine and poultry which they
there seized) laid an ambush for two Carts, which went from their
garison to fetch in some hay, attended with four men, two of which,
espying the enemy, made a difficult escape, the other two were set
upon, and one of them slain, stript naked, his body mangled, and
dragged into the high-way, and laid on his back in a most shamefull
manner : the other taken Captive ; and after sentenced to death, but
the enemy not concuring in the manner of it, execution was deferred,
and he by the providence -pf God escaped by a bold attempt the
KING PHILIP'S WAR. 3'
night before he was designed to slaughter, and fled to the Garison at
Lancaster, the cattle in both towns wounded, and five of them slain
March, 13. Was the day when the enemy came in a full body, by
their own account 400. and thought by the Inhabitants to be not
many fewer. The town was at this time (having been put into a
fright by the sad Catastrophe of Lancaster the next bordering town)
gathered into five Garisons, four of which were so near together, as to
be able to command from one to the other, between which were the
cattle belonging to those Families driven into pastures, which afterward
proved their preservation ; the other was near a mile distant from the
This morning the Indians (having in the night placed themselves
in several parts of the town) made their Onset ; which began near the
four Garisons ; for a body of them having placed themselves in Am-
buscado, behind a hill, near one of the Garisons, two of them made
discovery of themselves, as if they had stood upon discovery. At this
time divers of the people, nothing suspecting any such matter, (for
the day before, many had been upon discovery many miles, and found
no signs of an Enemy being so near) were attending their occasions,
some foddering their cattle, some milking their Cows, of whom the
Enemy might easily have made a seizure, but God prevented ; they
having another design in hand, as soon after appeared : These t\vo
Indians were at length espyed, and the Alarm given ; whereupon the
most of the men in the next Garison, and some also of the second
(which was about eight or nine pole distant) drew out and went to
surprise these two Indians, who kept their station till our men reached
the brow of the hill, then- arose the ambush and discharged a volley
upon them, which caused a disorderly retreat, or rather a rout, in
which one was slain, and three others wounded : mean while another
ambush had risen, and come upon the back side of the Garison so
deserted of men, and pulled down the Palizadoes : The Souldiery in
this rout, retreated not to their own, but passed by to the next Gari-
son, the women and children meanwhile exposed to hazard, but by
the goodness of God made a safe escape to the other fortified house
without any harm, leaving their substance to the enemy, who made a
prey of it, and spent the residue of the day in removing the corn and
household-stuff (in which loss five Familyes were impoverished) and
32 KING PHILIP'S WAR.
firing upon the other Garison : here also they took some Cattle. No
sooner was the signal given by the first volley of shot, but immediately
in several parts of the town at once, did the smoakes arise, they firing
In the afternoon they used a stratagem not unlike the other, to
have surprised the single Garison, but God prevented. An old Indian
if an Indian passed along the street with a black sheep on his back,
with a slow pace, as one decrepit : They made several shot at him, but
missed him, at which several issued out to have taken him alive, but
the Watchman, seasonably espying an ambush behind the house, gave
the signal, whereby they were prevented.
The night following the enemy lodged in the town, some of them
in the Garison they had surprized, but the Body of them in an adja-
cent valley, where they made themselves merry after their savage man-
ner. The next morning they gave two or three Volleyes at Capt.
Parkers Garison, & so marched off, fearing as was thought that supply
might be nigh at hand. This assault of theirs was managed with their
wonted subtlety, and barberous cruelty : for they stript the body of
him whom they had slain in the first onset, and then cutting off his
head, fixed it upon a pole looking towards his own land. The corpse
of the man slain the week before, they dug up out of his grave, they
cut off his head and one leg, and set them upon poles, and stript off
his winding-sheet. A infant which they found dead in the house first
surprised, they cut in pieces, which afterward they cast to the swine.
There were about forty dwelling houses burnt at that time, besides
other buildings. This desolation was followed with the breaking up of
the town, and scattering of the Inhabitants, and removal of the Candle-
stick, after it had been there seated about twelve years.
Concerning the surprizing of Groton, March 13. There was not
anything much more material, then what is already mentioned, save
only the insolency of John Monaco or one 'eyed John, the chief Cap-
tain of the Indians in that design : who having by a sudden surprizal
early in the morning seized upon a Garison house in one end of the
Town, continued in it, plundering what was there ready at hand, all
that day ; and at night did very familiarly in appearance, call out to
Capt. Parker that was lodged in another Garison house, and enter-
tained a great deal of Discourse with him, whom he called his old
Neighbour : dilating upon the cause of the War, and putting an end
KING PHILIP'S WAR. 33
to it by a friendly peace : yet oft mixing bitter Sarcasmes, with several
blasphemous scoffs and taunts at their praying and worshipping God
in the meeting house, which he deridingly said he had burned. Among
other things which he boastingly uttered that night : he said he burnt
Medfield (though it be not known whither he was there personally
present or no) Lancaster, and that now he would burn that Town of
Groton, and the next time he would burn Chelmsford, Concord,
Watertown, Cambridge, Charlstown, Roxbury, Boston, adding at last
in their Dialect, What Me will, Me do not much unlike the proud
Assyrian (if his power had been equal to his pride) sometime
threatned against Jerusalem, but was by the remarkable providence
of God, so confounded within a few months after, that he was bereft
of his four hundred and fourscore (of which he now boasted) and
only with a few more Bragadozio's like himself, Sagamore Sam, old
Jethro, and the Sagamore of Quobaog were taken by the English,
and was seen (not long before the writing of this) marching towards
the Gallows (through Boston Streets, which he threatned to burn at
his pleasure) with an Halter about his neck, with which he was
hanged at the Towns end, September 26. in this present year 1676.
So let thine Enemies perish O "Lord, and such contempt be poured on
all them that open their mouthes to blaspheme thy holy Name.
Things looked with a pritty sad face about those parts at this time ;
yet though the Righteous fall seven times, let not their Enemies rejoyce,
for the Righteous shall rise again, but their wicked Enemies shall fall
into mischief, and rise no more. It was ebbing water with New-
England at this time, and a while after ; but God shall turn the
stream before it be long, and bring down their Enemies to lick the
dust before them.
After this April \ 7. Captain Sill, being appointed to keep Garison
at Groton, some Indians coming to hunt for Swine, three Indians drew
near the Garison house, supposing it to have been deserted, were
two of them slain by one single shot made by the Captains own
hands, and the third by another shot made from the Garison. (Pages
The following paragraph is taken from " A Table " in
Hubbard's Narrative, and is found on the fourth page after
34 KING PHILIP'S WAR.
Groton, surprized March 2. as is related pag. 60. & 61. [72-76?]
the place consisting of about 60. families, was soon after deserted, yet
are there 14. or 15. houses left standing to this day, though not inhab-
ited for the present, pag. 73.
I am inclined to think that the first paragraph in this
account was written soon after the occurrence of the events,
before the details were fully known, and that the remainder of
the narrative was made up from more trustworthy sources.
All after the second paragraph, beginning with " The Sur-
prizall of Groton" is presumably accurate, and may have been
written out after conference with persons knowing the facts.
At any rate, the first paragraph is very confusing, and it is
impossible now to explain the inconsistencies.
Mr. Butler, in his " History of Groton," has endeavored to
reconcile them. He says :
In order to make this narrative consistent with itself, as to time and
a regular succession of events, as they happened, conjecture and
explanations are necessary.
It seems there were three attacks upon Groton, one on the second
of March, one on the ninth, and the third and principal one on the
thirteenth. On the second of March they rifled houses, carried away
cattle, &c. ; on the ninth, feasted on swine, poultry, &c. killed one
man, and made another captive, who afterwards escaped to Lancas-
ter ; and on the thirteenth they burnt the town, killed one man, and
wounded three. After this, the inhabitants moved to Concord. The
words in the first paragraph, under date of March second, " the next
day over flight" are evidently a misprint. Major Willard, with seventy
horse, and forty foot from Watertown, could not have come to the
relief of the town upon such short notice. Besides, it is said, " the
Indians had all fled, having burnt all the houses in town, except four
garrisons." Now this did not happen till the thirteenth. Suppose we
read instead of "next day over night'' next day fortnight; then
would Major Willard have come on the seventeenth, when, to be
sure, the Indians had all fled. The first paragraph gives only the
general result of the principal attack, and the particulars of the removal
of the inhabitants. Then, in the second paragraph, the author gives
KING PHILIP'S WAR. 35
the account of the first attack, and in the third paragraph, under date
of March 9, the particulars of the second attack ; the last clause in
this paragraph seems to have no connection with the rest. Then fol-
low the particulars of the third attack, on the thirteenth, and the
departure of the enemy on the fourteenth. The " place of eminent
advantage," where the Indians fired on the teams which were carrying
off the inhabitants, under Captain Sill, is said to be "the ridges."
(Pages 81, 82.)
The ambush, mentioned by Hubbard, " Ambuscado," as
he calls it, lay probably back of the hill behind Governor
Boutwell's house, and it was on the hill that the two Indians
were discovered. The valley where the savages made them-
selves merry on the night after the assault may have been
easterly of the cemetery.
The Indians were a cowardly set, and never attacked in
open field. They never charged on works in regular column,
but depended rather on craft or cunning to defeat their adver-
sary. The red hellhounds as they were sometimes called
by our pious forefathers were always ready to attack women
and children, but afraid to meet men. The main body of the
savages passed the night following the final attack in " an
adjacent valley," which cannot now be easily identified, but
some of them lodged in the garrison-house which they had
taken ; and the next morning, after firing two or three volleys
at Captain Parker's house, they departed. They carried off a
prisoner, John Morse, the town-clerk, who was ransomed
a short time afterward. The following reference to him in an
undated letter, written by the Reverend Thomas Cobbct to
the Reverend Increase Mather, shows very nearly the time of
his release :
May y e i2th  Good wife Diuens [Divoll] and Good wife
Ketle vpon ransom paid, came into concord. & vpon like ransom
presently [a]fter John Moss of Groton & lieftenant Carlors [Kerley's]
Daughter of Lancaster were set at liberty & 9 more w'out ransom.
[Mather Manuscripts in the Prince Collection, at the Boston Public Library,
36 KING PHILIP'S WAR.
The ransom for John Morse was paid by John Hubbard, of
Boston, and amounted to " about five pounds." Morse's
petition to the council, to have Hubbard reimbursed, is as
To the Hono ed _ Council conveened at Boston Aug". 17^ 1676.
The humble Petition of John Morse
Sheweth. That yo r petition' being an Inhabitant of Groton ; hath
together (with many others) been deprived of his Estate by the
calamity of the \varr ; and himselfe carried away captive by the
Enemy ; and about five pounds in mony laide down by M r John
Hubbard of Boston for 'his ransome, and understanding that there
hath been some Stock raised by a contribution towards the ransoming
of the captives. Yo r petition" doth humbly pray that hee may bee con-
sidered in the distribution of the s' 1 Stock, and that M r Hubbard may
be reimbursed thereout ; hee having not of his own wherewith to pay
him. and yo r petition^ shall for ever thankfully acknowledge yo r
Hono? ffavo r therein and for ever prayer.
This petition is Granted 17 August 1676 :
per Consiliu : E R S.
[Massachusetts Archives, LXIX. 48.]
A few days passed after the final assault on the town
before it was abandoned altogether by the settlers. Hub-
bard says that when the inhabitants, under convoy of some
dragoons, left the place, they were attacked by a small party
of Indians who the day before had burned a part of Chelms-
ford. The date of the affair at Chelmsford was, according to
Hubbard's Narrative (page 83, verso}, about March 18, and
this fact helps to fix the time when the town was abandoned ;
although in another place, in " A Table " on the fifth un-
numbered page after page 132, he says that it occurred in
the beginning of April. A garrison, however, was still main-
tained here for some weeks later, under command of .Captain
Joseph Sill, of Cambridge ; and from it three Indians were
killed on April 17, two of them by a single shot made by
KING PHILIP'S WAR. 37
the Captain himself, and the third by one of his men. Soon
afterward it was given up as a military post. The following
orders relate to supplying it with ammunition :
It is ordered that twelve pound of pouder w th shot answerable be
delivered to the comittee of Militia of Chelmsford for so much lent by
them out of their store to Captain Sill at Groton.
And It is further ordered that the Comisarys M r Jn faireweather
&c Convey ouer to y e Constable charlstown half a barrell of powde'
& propoytionable shott to be deliuered to the persons Appointed : to
Carry the same, to Capt Scyll at Groaten : together w th twelve pounds
of powde r w th shott Answerable to be Conveyd & deliu rd to y e Comittee
of militia of chelmsford for so much lent by them to Cap 1 Scyll for the
past EDW RAWSON Secrety
22 Aprill 1676.
To the Constables of Charls Toune.
These Require you in his Maj tys name forthwith on sight heereof to
Impresse two able men Compleately Armed w th fower Day 5 prouission
and two very substantiall horses bridles & sadles & well shod to Con-
vey & Carry the Amntion to Chelmsford & Groaten & deliuer the
same to Cap' Scill : as Comissary faireweather shall direct, making y e
returne hereof dated in Boston the 22 th of Aprill 1676.
By y e Council
EDW D RAWSON Secrety
you are ordered to deliuer two of the Country 5 horses xf best you
haue in y r hands to Constable Mousall for y e ends aboue exprest
22 Aprill 1676
By y c Council EDW RAWSON Secrety
Y e substance of y s as to horses was deliuered to y e Constable of
Maulden & Wooburne for y* end.
E R S
[Massachusetts Archives, LXVIII. 221.]
38 KING PHILIP'S WAR.
The following petition and depositions are found among the
Shattuck Manuscripts, and refer to this period. " Alse "
Woods was Alice, the wife of Samuel Woods.
To the Right Honrfble the Goif and Councell sitting in Boston
The Petition of Daniell Addams Humbly sheweth that yo r Petition'
went out as a voluntear : upon the scout : from Concord in company
with some of Concord and some of Lancaster : and they corneing to
Grauton yo r petitione r there killed an Indian : and hath rec'd no wages
from the Country for any service that he hath done : notwithstanding
he hath beene out upon the same acco 1 severall times both the Last
sumer and the Last winter and is now goeing out againe under the
Coihand of Leift Curtis :
Yo r Petitione r therefore humbly requests the favo r of your Hono r s
to consider the premises and to grant him an order to the Treasure"
for his satisfaction according as the Law allows in that case so shall
he be ever engaged to pray &c
The Petition of Daniell Addams 21 Aprill 1676
Att Groton the i4th of march 1676 thire was Daniell Adams whoe
was uary helpefull to the tovvne of groton with som others of Lankstar
and the said Daniell adams did kill one Indan att M r Willards garason
Witness JOHN CADYE
and SAMUEL WODS
we whoe see him fall to the graund and not Rise againe
As witness NICKCOLASS CADYE
Samuell Woodes of Grotten aged aboute forty yers of age witnis
that he saw tooe indens standing upon Captine parkers Land at
grotten and danill adams shote ai tham and one of thame falle doune
and the other ran away
17 : day of 2 : month : 1676 :
the mark T of SAMUELL WOODES
Alse Woods aged about forty yeares testifieth & saith ; that at
Grooton upon the day that the moste of the Towne was burnt by the
KING PHILIP'S WAR. 39
Indians : she heard severall say that Uaniell Adams had killed an
Indian ; and she went vp presently into M r Willards Garritt & saw two
Indians stand over a dead Indian about halfe an hour & then they
carried him away & further saith not
The mark O of ALSE WOODS
The spring of 1676 was a critical season for the frontier
towns of Massachusetts. During the war some of them had
been destroyed, others threatened, and all had been alarmed.
A proposition was brought before the Council for the better
protection of the towns in Middlesex County, and referred to
a special committee. It will be noticed that the order of the
Council was dated two days after the burning of Groton,
though it was probably under consideration before the de-
struction of the town ; but the report made by the committee
was written a fortnight later. The particulars of this propo-
sition are not now known ; but they can be learned infcrcn-
tially from the report, which is as follows :
Cambridge 28 i m 1676
In Obediance to an order of the Hon rd Council, march, 15 th 167^ :
appointing us whose names are vnder writtin, as a comittee to consult
y- seuirall townes of y c County of middlesex, with reference to y e best
meanes of the preseruation of our outtownes remote houses and
farmes, for their planting and security from y c common enemie. We
haueing sent to y e seuerall townes to send us their apprehentions by
some one mete person of each towne, This day wee consulted con-
cerning y e same, and haue concluded to propose as followeth :
i : That y e townes of Sudbury, Concord and Chelmsford be
strengthened with forty men a peice, which sd men are to be im-
proued in scouting betwen towne and towne, who are to be comanded
by men of prudence, courage and interest in y j sd townes and y c
partys in each towne are to be ordered to keepe together in some
place comodious in y sd townes, and not in garison houses : and these
men to bee vpon y e towne charge of y e country.
2. That for y e security of Billerica there be a garison of a number
competent at Weymessitt who may raise a thousand bushells of come
40 KING PHILIP'S WAR.
vpon y e land of y e Indians in that place may be improued dayly in
scouting and ranging y e woods betwen Weymissitt & andeuor and on
y e west of concord river on y u east & north of Chelmsford, which
will discouer y c enemie before hee comes to y e townes, and preuent
lurking indians' about our townes. Also they shalbee in a readyness
to y e succour of any of the three townes at any time when in distress,
Also shall be ready to joyne with others, to follow y e enemie, vpon a
suddin after their appearing.
3 That such townes as lankester, groaton & marlbourough that are
forced to remoue : and haue not some aduantage of settlement (pecu-
liar) in y e bay, be ordered to settle at y e frontire townes that remain for
their strengthening : and y e people of y e said townes to which they
are appointed, are to see to their accomodations, in y e sd townes.
4 : That y e said townes haue their owne men returned, that are
abroad, and their men freed from impress, during their present state.
5 : That there be appointed a select number of persons in each
towne of midlesex who are vpon any information of the distress of
any towne, forthwith to repaire to the releife thereof and y l such in-
formation may be seasonable, the townes are to dispatch posts, each
towne to y e next, till notice be conueyed ouer y e wholl County, if
And in reference to y e line of stockadoes or stone worke, proposed
to o r serious Consideration, after our best aduice vpon it, it is con-
ceived by our seines and by all y e psons sent by y e seuerall townes,
That it is not aduisable, for y e Reasons following
1. The excessiue charge to effect it, maintaine and keepe it, the
line being conceiued by those that know it best, to be longer than is
proposed, neither can seuerall ponds fall in y c said line, vnless it be
run so crooked that it wilbee more disadvantage than profit.
2. The length of time before it can be accomplished, in which time
it is to be feared that many of y e townes included, wilbee depopulated,
vnless other meanes preuent.
3 the damage it wilbe in taking off labourers, which in this season
of y e year had need be improued in sowing and planting, Help in
many places being uery scarce,
ult : y e vselesness of it when it is done, it being so easy a matter to
break thro' it, and y c Riuers which are to fence a great part of these
townes are fordable, in seuerall places, and in all other places passable
KING PHILIP'S WAR. 41
by rafts &c. which is much in vse with y e indians at this day. we might
add y e great discontent and murmuring of y people in general! so
farr as wee haue had oppertunity to discourse concerning it. That
wee fear y e imposing of such a thing, would effect an ill consequence.
These things considered besids seuerall other reasons of weight that
might be added, cause us to present our apprehentions as in y 1 ' first
place wee did that y c drawing of this line at this time is not aduisable.
but all with Humbles submission to yo r Hon r : s in y e case.
Yo r Humble Seru" ts
JONATHAN DAX FORTH
Returne of Midd. coiiiittee. 28. i. 1676.
[Shattuck Manuscripts ]
There was another proposition at this time before the
Council, somewhat wider in its scope and later by a few days
in its date, which may have been akin to the one just men-
tioned and considered by this committee, although it relates
in no way to Groton. It was proposed to build a stockade or
stone wall, eight feet high* from the Charles River to the
Concord, a distance of twelve miles, more or less, as a
defence again 1 c the Indians. This line, in connection with
the Concord and the Merrimack Rivers, it was thought, would
form a barrier against the savages, and protect all the towns
lying within the district. This complicated system of defence
was favored by the Council, and deemed sufficiently feasible
to be referred to a board of twenty commissioners, appointed
respectively by the towns most interested in the matter. The
document giving the details of the affair is as follows :
At a Councill held in Boston 23 Mrch 167^
Wheras seueral considerable psons, haue made aplication to vs and
proposed it as a very nescesary expedient for the publike welfare, and
particulerly for the security of the whole county of Essex & a great
part of Midlesex from inroads of the comon enmy, That a line or
42 KING PHILIP'S WAR.
fence of stockadoes or stones (as the matter best suteth) to be made
about eight foot high; extenede[n]g from Charles Riuer, where it is
nauigable, vnto Concord riuer not far from Georg farley house, (lining
in Billerkey,) which fence (as y c Councill is informed) is not in length
aboue twelue miles ; a good part wherof is allready don by large
ponds, that wil conueniently fal in the line, & vpon this fence seuerll
inhabitants belonging to watertown Cambridge Wooburne & Bilerekey,
are all ready seated ; (as is iudged about halfe the distance), And
vpon Merrimack riuer on the west side are planted the townes of
Andeuer, Wamesit Bradford & Nevvbury, vnto the Sea, & vpon Charles
riuer are planted part of Waterton Cambridge Charles town vnto
the bay ; by which meanes that whole tract wilbe enuironed, for the
security & safty (vnder God) of the people, their houses goods and
cattel ; from the rage & fury of the enimy
For the prosecuting this proposall, to effect, (which the Council
app r hend is of Great concernement.)
It is ordered that the Seueral townes that fall within this tract
aboue mentioned ; vizt Salem, Charles town, Cambridge Watertowne,
Ipswich, Xewbery, Rowly, Linne, Andeuer, Topsfield, Reding, Woo-
burne, Maldon, Billerekey, Gloster, Beuerly, Wenham Manchester
Bradford & Meadford ; doe each of them choose one able & fitt man
as their commissioner wch comisioners are all ordered to meet at
Cambridge vpon the last day of March at 8 of the clock in the morn-
ing and from thence pceed (takeing such guides & helpes as are
nesciary and take an exact suruay of the place proposed for this line
and to offer vnto the Councel in writing an expedient how the same
may bee prosecuted & effected & what proportion wil fall vnto euery
towne included w'hin the same (wherin respect is to bee ; had to the
quality of Estates & number of the inhabitants, within the said townes,
& also to propose wais & methoods how the said line or fence shalbe
made, maintened & defended ; for the Ends intended, And that the
Returne to [be] made to the Counsel as soone as may bee
And the Council doe further declare & promise that they are &
wilbe ready at all times to promote & incorage this Affayre, and to
make such further orders & giue such other directions as may best
conduce to the effectuall prosecution and finishing the said worke :
puided all wais & it is herby intended y* all charges respecting this
affayre bee defrayed, by the inhabitants included within this line ac-
KING PHILIP'S WAR. 43
cording to a due & equal proption ; as the said Comissioners or the
greater number of y m shall determine ; and this order is to bee forth-
with printed & sent by the Secretary ; to the Constables & select men
of eny of y townes aboue named to bee put in execution accordingly
By y Council
EDW D RAWSON Secrety
[Massachusetts Archives, LXVIII. 174.]
The population of Groton at the time of its destruction was
about three hundred inhabitants. The Reverend Mr. Hub-
bard, in his Narrative, estimates the number of families at
sixty, and five persons to a family may be considered a fair
average. The same authority says that there were forty
dwelling-houses, besides other buildings, burned in this as-
sault, and only fourteen or fifteen houses left standing.
Fortunately the loss of life or limb on the part of the in-
habitants of the town was small, and it is not known that
more than three persons were killed of whom one was
Timothy Cooper, and another, without doubt, John Nutting
and three wounded ; two were made prisoners, of whom one
escaped from the savages and reached Lancaster, and the
other, John Morse, was ransomed.
The lot of these early settlers was indeed hard and bitter ;
they had seen their houses destroyed and their cattle killed,
leaving them nothing to live on. Their alternative now was
to abandon the plantation, which they did with much sadness
and sorrow. The settlement was broken up, and the inhabi-
tants scattered in different directions among their friends and
According to the Reverend Elias Nason, in his " History of
the Town of Dunstable, Massachusetts " :
HOUND MEADOW HILL, in the northwesterly section of the town
[Dunstable], is said to have received its name from the circumstance
that when Groton was assaulted by the Indians during Philip's War,
a pack of hounds, employed by the English, pursued a party of
the savages to this eminence, on which two of them were slain.
44 KING PHILIP'S WAR.
In the autumn of 1879 the town of Groton erected a monu-
ment to commemorate the site of the meeting-house which
was burned during this assault. It bears the following in-
NEAR THIS SPOT
STOOD THE FIRST MEETING HOUSE OF GROTON
BUILT IN 1666
AND BURNT BY THE INDIANS
13 MARCH 1676
The monument, in connection with two others, was dedi-
cated by appropriate exercises in the Town Hall, on February
20, 1880, when an historical address was delivered, and sub-
The following list of soldiers, who served in the garrisons at
Groton during King Philip's War, is given in " A Journal
appertaining to the Colony of Mattachusits," kept by John
Hull, Treasurer of the Colony, and now in the library of the
New England Historic Genealogical Society. The respec-
tive dates refer to the time when the men were paid in
Boston, and not necessarily to the time of their service. The
figures w r ithin the parentheses indicate the page of the Jour-
nal where the name is found.
November 9, 1675.
Samuel Read (54) or 16 oo
John Bush (54) 03 07 08
Samuel Bull (54) 02 04 06
John Largin [Lakin ?] (54) 02 02 oo
Timothy Forgly (54) 02 02 oo
Samuel Whitney (54) oo 04 04
November 30, 1675.
Thomas Chamberlain (62) 02 09 08
Jeremiah Morse (62) ***
KING PHILIP'S WAR. 45
Thomas Bancroft (62) **
John Wood (62) i 10 *
Josiah Wheler (62) 02 12 02
Hugh Taylor (62) 03 01 08
Jacob Dane (62) 03 oo oo
David Church (62) 04 10 oo
Shuball Sternes (62) 03 oo oo
Thomas Wood (62) 03 01 08
William Gill (62) 03 07 08
John Hawes (62) 01 10 oo
Onesiphorus Stanly (62) 03 05 02
John Damon (62) 03 01 08
Daniel Starling (62) 03 03 04
Jonathan Sprague (62) 03 oo oo
Thomas Dunnell (62) 03 oo oo
Jacob Winslow (62) 03 06 oo
Pelatiah Smith (62) 03 oo oo
Thomas Micheson (63) 03 05 02
December 20, 1675.
John Codington (101) . . 01 15 02
Jonathan Parker (101) 03 08 oo
Ephraim Bemish (101). . . 030804
Timothy Frogly ( 1 01 ) ... 011600
JohnTedd (101) .... 03 06 oo
Samuel Hagar (101) . . . 3 6
Israel Hill (101) 02 06 02
Daniel Canada (101) . . 4 i oo
Nathaniel Domton (101) . . . 03 oo oo
Sebread Taylor (101) . . .
Thomas Frost (101) . . 03 12 oo
Samuel Allen (101) 03 09 04
William Doule (101) . . . .
William Halford (101) .
January 25, 1675-6.
Benjamin Simons (130) . . .
Lot Johnson (130) 03 oo oo
46 KING PHILIP'S WAR.
Samuel Bull (130) 02 02 oo
Samuel Cleaveland (130) 02 08 oo
Daniel Canada (130) oo 18 oo
Jacob Dane (130) oo 18 oo
Jeremiah Moss (130) . . . oo 06 oo
Simon Stone (130) 03 18 oo
Samuel Hager (130) oo 18 oo
Fphraim Bemis (130) oo 12 oo
Subaell Stearnes (130) 01 10 oo
Thomas Frost (131) oo 07 oo
Timothy Frogly (131) "000700
David Church (131) 01 06 06
February 29, 1675-6.
Nath. Hill (154) "Under Cap' Wheler& at Groton Garrison" 01 12 10
Jonathan Hill (154) 011210
Joseph Foster (154) 011210
John Waldo (154) 011210
Francis Dudly (154) 01 12 10
Samuel Fletcher, Sen. (154) 01 04 05
Samuel Fletcher, Jr. (154) 011210
Eleazer Brown (154) 01 19 04
Cyprian Stevens (154) oo 14 03
Benjamin Graves (154) 01 19 04
John Bates (154) 01 12 10
Stephen Goble (154) 011210
April 24, 1676.
Thomas Foster (216) 03 oo oo
Elea/er Ball (216) oo 06 oo
Jonath Crisp (216) 02 10 06
Daniel Adams (216) oo 06 10
June 24, 1676.
Zachary Crisp (239) 02 15 08
Mathias Smith (246) 01 06 06
Nathaniel Green (246) or 12 06
KING PHILIP'S WAR. 47
William Clough (246) 01 06 06
John Goff (246) 01 ii oo
James Chever (246) 01 n oo
Edmund Gage (246) 01 06 06
William Bordman (246) 01 02 03
Benjamin Graves (246) ." oo 10 oo
John Hands (246) 01 06 06
Morris Trulove (246) 01 06 06
Joseph Pollard (246) 01 n oo
Moses Wheat (262) 02 08 oo
Humphry Millard (262) oo 06 10
Thomas Region (262) 02 14 oo
Timothy Cutler (262) 02 08 08
Richard Griffeth (262) 011600
July 24, 1676.
Richard Pasmore (338) 04 04 oo
John Bush (338) 01 02 oo
John Potter (338) 01 04 oo
Symon Willard (338) oo 19 03
In the early spring of 1678, just two years after the attack,
the old settlers returned to re-establish the town. Undaunted
by their bitter experience, they came back to begin life anew
in the wilderness, with all its attendant hardships. It does
not appear that the inhabitants were molested by the Indians
during this period to any great degree, but they were by no
means leading lives of ease or security. The following
petition to the General Court, one year after their return to
the old settlement, gives a good idea of the situation and
The humble petition and request of the greatest number of the former
inhabitants of y K Towne of Groton
Humbly sheweth to the Honored Generall Court setting in Boston :
as followeth viz :
We who have been great sufferers, by y hand of God, in the late
48 KING PHILIP'S WAR.
Wars by our heathenish enemyes, as is well knowne to all : &c by
which we haue bine enforced, to five before our enimyes ; to our great
& greivous losse. <S: trouble. By y- good hand of God to us. haue had
so much repreaue, & respitt, as we haue many of us, had y liberty <.\:
oppertunity, to returne to the places, though not y- houses of our
former abode. And now being under <$: exercised with many &
great difficultyes ; Apprehending it our duty, to addresse ourselues ; not
onely to our heavenly father ; butt earthly fathers also, in this time 01
need : do humbly begg our case may be seriously considered, &
weighed, & that some direction, and releife may be affoarded unto
Some of us y- Inhabitants haue ventured : our lines some while
since to returne againe, and many others have followed us, whose
welcome company is rejoycing unto us. Vett our poverty. & the non-
residence of others, doth occation us great and unavoidable trouble.
We haue (through Gods goodnesse, & blessing our endeavours, >.\:
attempts) procured & obtained the ministry of y c word amoung us ;
& haue bin at some considerable charge about it. And are willing (i
God please) to keep, & maintaine, it among us. Butt there is some
discouragements, upon sundrey accounts. We haue had seuerall
towne meetings to consult the good, & welfare of the towne & place
& how things may be caried on. as to defraing publiq charges. And it
hath bin, voated in our meetings (our visible estate being small) to
lay it on y e lands, y 1 so an equality in some respect might be reached
unto. This is by y e most judged to be the present best yea y- onely
present possible way for us to proceed in. which we desire your
honoured selues to putt y r countenance of authority upon. As also
That our late dredfull suffering mines, and impoverishments may by
your honoured selues be so fare minded S: considered, that we may
for the present (till we a litle recover ourselues) be releised from
Countrey charges. We would be rightly understood, as to our first
request That the way by lands accomodations for the levying towne
charges may be stated butt for y'-' present few years, till God by his
providence may alter our capacity & condition : Thus craving rjdone
for this our boldnesse That successe & a blessing may Attend you in
all your affaires ; That God will accomplish his promises <S: built y e
wast places, sett up his house & ordinances whence they have been
removed delight to build. & plant us againe, S; not to pull us downe &
KING PHILIP'S WAR. 49
pluck us up That we may yett see This our Jerusalem a quiett habita-
tion Thus prayeth your humble & unworthy petitioners :
Alt A towne meeting at Groton JAMES PARKER
May 20'!' 1679 Ther red & voated Select man
by the inhabitants : And clarke in y c
name of y c rest.
[Massachusetts Archives, LXIX. 224.]
It answ r to this Pet" It is. ordered by this Court f for 3 : yeares
next comeing in all levyes made for y benefit of y c s' 1 place & y
maintenance of Gods ordinances there, those y' haue lands there &
are not ressid' upon y e place shall pay rates for y r Lands ther as those
do y' are ressid' and y' the Inhabitants ther ressid' be abated one single
rate p r ann. to y country for ye like times The magis ts haue past this
their brethren the deputyes hereto consenting
EDW D RAWSON Secre'
29 th May 1679
The deputs Consent hereto provided that the cattle vpon the place
be lyable to pay rates also w th reffer r ence to the consent of o r Hon r0(1
WILLIAM TORREY Cleric.
30 th May 1679 Consented to by the magis ts
EDW U RAWSON Secret.
[Massachusetts Archives, LXIX. 229.]
Captain James Parker was the town-clerk during the years
1678 and 1679, and in the early history of Groton was with-
out question its most influential inhabitant. The following
letter among the Shattuck Manuscripts, written by him a year
after the destruction of the town, would seem to show that
he was then living in Chelmsford, where Major Henchman's
farm was situated :
From M r hinchmanes ffarme ncr mercmack : 23: i'" i6f
To the Honred Gouner and Counsell thes may informe youer
honeres that Sagemore Wanalanset Came this morning to informe
me, and then went to M r tinges to informe him that his son being one
50 KING PHILIP'S WAR.
y e outher sid of meremack Riuer : a hunting with his Dauter with him
up the Riuer ouer against Souhegan upon the : 22 day of this instant
about tene of the clock in y c morning : he Discoured 1 5 Indens on
this sid the Riuer which he soposed to be Mohokes by ther spech he
caled to them thay answared but he culd not understand ther spech :
and he hauing a Conow ther in the Riuer he went to breck his conow
that thay might not haue ani ues of it, in y j mene time thay shot about
thurty gunes at him and he being much frighted fled and came home
forth with to nahamcok wher ther wigowemes now stand
not Eles at Present but but \_sic~\ I
Remain your saruan to Cofnand
Re d 9. night answered 24 : march. 76
To the Honred Gouurner
and Counesuell att
hast post hast
KING WILLIAM'S WAR.
AFTER King Philip's War the colonists were at peace with
the Indians, but it was a suspicious kind of peace. It re-
quired watching and a show of strength to keep it; there was
no good-will between the native race and the white intruders.
The savages at best made bad neighbors ; they were treacher-
ous and addicted to drink. The following entries in the town
records show that they were a shiftless and drunken set : -
Jnneuary 31 1681 It [was] agred upon by the select men That
the Indanes shall be warned out of the Toune forth with and if the
shall neiglect the warning and if any of them be taken drounke or in
drinke or with drinke Then these parsons ar to be sezecl and brout be
foure the select men either by counstable or by any other parson and
be pounesed accordin as the law doth direct and the Informar shall
be sattised for his paines
March 28 1682 two Indian squaws being apprehended In drinke
& with drinke brought to y select men one squaw Nehatchechin swaw
being drouncke was sentanced to receive & did receive ten stripes
the other John Nasquuns sway was sentanced to pay 3 s 4'' cash and
loose her two quart bottle and the Liquour in it awarded to Sarg :u Laken
who seized them.
52 KING WILLIAM'S WAR.
Captain Francis Nicholson, writing from Boston to London,
August 31, 1688, speaks of the feeling here at that time. He
Att night [August 19] I came to Dunstable (about 30 miles from
hence) from thence I sent two English men and an Indian to Pene-
cooke being sixty miles up the river Merymeck ; the men told me they
should be 3 dayes in doeing of it ; soe next day I went through Groton
and Lancaster, where the people were very much afraid (being out
towns) butt I told them as I did other places, that they should nott be
soe much cast down, for that they had the happinesse of being subjects
of a victorious King, who could protect them from all their enemies.
[Documents relating to the Colonial History of the State of New York,
Dunstable was formerly a very large township, and its orig-
inal territory now includes several towns, lying mostly in New
Hampshire. The earliest settled parts of it come within the
present limits of Nashua.
The following letter is preserved among the Shattuck Man-
uscripts, and shows that the condition of the town was still
unsettled. It gives in a few words a good insight of the situ-
ation of affairs at the time :
GROTON, July: 16. 1689
To the honred Gouner and councell and Representiues : thes Lins
shew the Request of your humbell sarunts the inhabtants of the towne
of groton and ouer presant unsetled and almost destrected condition ;
we mack bold to troubell you once more ; craning youer aduice and
asistanc if it may be obtained that we may go on with ouer bisnes ;
to gat in our haruest and do other nessary worke : the barer heare of
James Knop and James Parker Jun r are fuly abell to aquaint the
honred councell ouer conditon boath in miletary & other cases ; in the
towne ; ouer ofesers are by the new choice
James Parker sener cap'
Jonas Prescot Lef
John Lacken ensin.
*$ order of the towne of groton
JOSIAH PARKER, dark.
KING WILLIAM'S WAR. 53
July. 17. 1689. The comission offic r s nominated as above are
allowed & confirmed by y e Gov r & Counsell. and they do order Cap'
Prout to deliver unto James Knop and James Parker for y c use of s '
Town forty pounds of powder and one hundred weight of Lead taking
their bill to repay it again into ye stoar in some Convenient time. &
do also appoynt y Major of ye Low' Regim' of y l Comd to order y c
Impressing of ten soldiers in a meet proportio out of ye seu r all com-
panyes under his couiand. to be sent as soone as may be for their
By order of ye Gov r & Councill
Is A ADDINGTON, Sec r y.
Groton Military Officers, past 1 7? July. 89.
The military company of the town was still kept up, and
known as the Foot Company; and, during a part of the year
1689, was supported by some cavalry under the command of
Captain Jacob Moore. James Parker, Sen., was appointed
the captain of it; Jonas Prescott, the lieutenant; and John
Lakin, the ensign ; and these appointments were confirmed
by the governor and council, at a convention held in Boston,
July 13, 1689. A month later, August 10, Captain Parker
was ordered to supply Hezekiah Usher's garrison at Nonacoi-
cus with " three men of the men sent up thither or of the
Town's people for y e defence of y l Garrison being of publique
concernment." Groton was one of the four towns that were
designated, August 29, as the headquarters of the forces de-
tached for the public service against the common enemy
Casco, Newichewanick (Berwick), and Haverhill being the
others. The Middlesex Upper Regiment and the Suffolk
Horse were stationed here ; and soon afterward is recorded
an order to send " to the head Quarter at Groton for supply
of the Garrison there one Thousand weight of Bread, one
barrell of Salt, one barrell of powder three hundred weight of
Shott, and three hundred fflints, Six quire of Paper." Eleven
troopers were sent to this post, September 17, under Cornet
54 KING WILLIAM'S WAR.
John Chubbuck, in order to relieve Corporal Ebenezer White
and his command ; a fortnight later Cornet Chubbuck was
succeeded by John Pratt. (Archives, LXXXI. 24, 60, 63, 67,
74, Si.) The commissary of the post at this time was Jona-
than Remington, who seems to have had but little duty to
perform. Shortly afterward, the order came from the Gov-
ernor and Council to discharge him, as well as Captain Moore
and his company of cavalry, from the public service. The
record is as follows :
Upon information there is but little work for a Comissary at Groton
the Representatives do agree & order that the Comissary there ; be
discharged from said Imploymen' :
Ordered by the Representatives That Capt' 1L: Jaccob Moore w th his
Company at Groton be forth w th drawne off and discharged desireing
the Hon rd Gov r & Councill Consent
Novemb r ; 6 th : 1689: EBENEZER PROUT Clerk
Consent' 1 to by the Gov r
1st ADDINGTON Sec ry
[Massachusetts Archives, XXXV. 71, 73.]
Jeremy Sweyne writes, from " Berwick att Salmon falls
Octob r 15. 89,"-
Capt. Wiswell with ye biggest part of his part of his company
scouted up westward into ye chestnut woods 4 dayes but found none
of ye enimy nor yet where y y haue lately binn, it is supposed y l small
party of Indians may be in ye chestnut cuntry beyond Groaton, . . .
[Massachusetts Archives, XXXV. 56.]
John Paige, of Groton, went in the expedition to Canada,
in the year 1690, under Major Wade; he was wounded in the
left arm, and did not entirely recover for two years. His sur-
geon's bill, amounting to seven pounds, was paid out of the
public treasury. The petition in his behalf, now among the
Shattuck Manuscripts, is as follows :
KING WILLIAM'S WAR. 55
To his Excellency S" William Pliips Knight Cap" Generall and Gor-
ernour in chiefe of their Maj' 1 " Province of the Massachusetts Bay
in New England, and Hon rd Council and Representatives thereof
now assembled in Generall Court sitting att Boston ffebruary 23'
The petition of John Paige of Groton for himself and in behalf of
his son John Paige who was a souldier under the comand of Major
Wade in the Late Expedition to Canada against y coition enemy
Humbly Shevveth That yo r Petitio r s son the s' 1 John Paige att
Canada received a Grevious wound in his left arme, of which after
his returne home he lay lame und r the Chyrurgeons hand for the
Space of Twelve months and upwards, before he gatt cure, and
after he gatt cure was a twelve month more before he could doe or
performe any reasonable bodily Labour to procure himself a Lively
That Yo r Petition" sons cure came to Seaven pounds w ch yo r Peti-
tio r undertooke the payment of to the Chyrurgeon, and of wh dl he hath
only rec li from the country thirty shillings, w ch was soe much allowd
and ordered by the Comittee formerly appointed to Inspect y c affaires
of Canada wounded men, his Son being att that time under cure, butt
not cured till a very Considerable time aft r and soe had said thirty
shillings allowed him for payment of y e Chyrurgeon for what he had
done to that time
Now Forasmuch as yo r Petitio r hath formerly made Applycation to
yo r Ex cy and this hon ri1 Court referring to y c premisses Butt nothing
hither haveing therein been done, yett hopes you will not deale by
his son worse then by others of y e wounded men.
Yo r Petitio r Therefore for himself and in behalf of his said son
humbly Entreats yo r Exc cy and this hon rd Court to take y c premisses
into consideracofi. and that you will please to allow and order unto yo r
petition' the remainder of s d moneys for the cure of his son, as also
that you will please to allow unto his son Such compensation for the
loss of his time and for payment of his Dyatt during the continuance
of his afores d lameness, as to yo r wisdoms shall seeme most meet &
And yo r Petition' as in
duty bound Shall ever pray
56 KING WILLIAM'S WAR.
This may certifie that John Paige Sone of the Petition' was under
the hands of me Jonathan Prescott Chyrurgeon above a twelve months
time, and that his cure pformed by me came to seaven pounds
voted that John Page Jun r son of the Petition" shall for the payment
of the Chirurgion and Dyet Dureing the time of his Cure Receive out
of the publicque treasury of this province Twelve pounds deducting
out of s' 1 suiTie what he has all ready Reced : passed in the Affirmative
by the House Re. NATH : BYFIELD Speaker
John Paige of Groton his petition
1693 27 febr Vof. 1 in Council . 12. to be p d deducting &:c.
Anything relating to the brave men who suffered in the
Indian wars is now of interest, and I offer no apology for
giving incidents that may to some persons seem trivial.
Cotton Mather mentions, in his Magnalia, a few instances
of " mortal wounds upon the English not proving mortal," and
gives the case of an inhabitant of this town who was in a gar-
rison at Exeter, New Hampshire, when that place \vas as-
saulted, July 4, 1690. He says :
It is true, that one Simon Stone being here Wounded with Shot in
Nine several places, lay for Dead (as it was time !) among the Dead.
The Indians coming to Strip him, attempted with Two several Blows
of an Hatchet at his Neck to cut off his Head, which Blows added you
may be sure, more Enormous Wounds unto those Port-holes of Death,
at which the Life of the poor Man was already running out as fast as
it could. Being charged hard by Lieutenant Bancroft they left the
Man without Scalping him ; and the English now coming to Bury the
Dead, one of the Soldiers perceived this poor Man to fetch a Gasp ;
whereupon an Irish Fellow then present, advised 'em to give him
another Dab with an Hatchet, and so Bury him with the rest. The
English detesting this Barbarous Advice, lifted up the Wounded Man,
and poured a little Fair Water into his Mouth at which he Coughed ;
then they poured a little Strong Water after it, at which he opened
his Eyes. The Irish Fellow was ordered now to hale a Canoo ashore
KING WILLIAM'S WAR. 57
to carry the Wounded Men up the River unto a Chirurgeon ; and as
Teague was foolishly pulling the Canoo ashore with the Cock of his
Gun, while he held the Muzzle in his Hand, his Gun went off and
broke his Arm, whereof he remains a Cripple to this Day : But
Simon Stone was thoroughly Cured, and is at this Day a very Lusty
Man ; and as he was Born with Two Thumbs on one Hand, his
Neighbours have thought him to have at least as many Hearts as
Thumbs /" (Book VII. page 74.)
Many families who have lived in Groton trace back their
line of descent to this same Simon Stone, who \vas so hard to
kill, and to whom, fortunately, the finishing " Dab with an
Hatchet " was not given.
Occasionally the early settlers gave Christian names to the
savages living in their neighborhood, perhaps with some
baptismal rite. These names were used in connection with
their Indian ones, though sometimes followed by the word
" Indian " as a surname. Instances of this custom are not
uncommon. The following certificates of Josiah Parker, the
town-clerk, relate to Jacob Nonantinooah, or Jacob Indian,
who had been living in the vicinity. From the official posi-
tion of the writer they were of considerable authority :
Josiah Parker of Groton testifyes that he is very well acquainted
vv th y e Indian now in prison named Jacob Nonantinooah & that he
Can say of his certain knowledge y' he hath seen him every month
since y e last Indian warr began, except it was when he y e said Jacob
was in y e Countrey service under y e Cofnand of Capt" Noah Wiswall
in the years Eighty nine & Ninety : allso if he be required he Can
produce severall y' Can testify y e same Hee further saith that as far
as it is possible to know an Indian he is a friend to the English <N:
hath manifested the same both in word an Action & whereas severall
of y e Inhabitants of Groton have been out in y e woods on hunting
they have taken this said Jacob w'l 1 them who in y night hath showne
his Care more then any of them in his watchfullness : expressing him-
selfe to them that it did Concerne him so to do, for if they were Sur-
prized by y e enemy Indians he should be worse dealt w 1 ! 1 then the
English : also many other Instances might be mentioned :
58 KING WILLIAM'S WAR.
GROTON Decmbr. 8 1 ! 1 1691
The testomoneys of Josiah Parker aged. 36 : years : and of Joseph
Parker aged 40 yeres : Thomas Tarball aged. 25 : years or there
abouts ; testify concarning Jacob Indein now in prison ; that the two
winters last past y c s a Jacob has bin gineraly in owr tovvne with his
famely Except when he was out a hunting and then the s' 1 Joseph
Parker or s' 1 Tarball were out with him or soni other Inglesh men who
have geeuen sd Jacob a good coment as to his care and wachfulnes as
to y c enemy boath by night and day and by the best inquiery that we
can make s' 1 Jacob has never bin out a hunting aboue once without
som English Companey with him & then he was not gon aboue a
fortnight and that was about two years sence ; the which if caled too
am redy too testify upon oath pr me
GROTON Decmbr. 8 th . 1691
Concarning the man that has accuesed the Indeins in prison he is
a man litell to be credeted for on the : 2 th day of this Instent at
Euening : Let' 1 Boweres and : I : at Mr. Sumers'is at charlestowne
discorsing him namly Abraham Miller about y c s' 1 Indeins : and,
teling him that he was mistaken for thes Indeins ware not at Canedy
at that time when he charged them ; s' 1 Miller sd Zoundes that if ever
he saw them Indens again out of prison he would kill them : and
being a litell cautioned to be sober minded he broke out with an oath
that if he ware but out of ye countrey himselfe ; he wished the In-
deins would knock out y e braines of every person in New england.
This was spok before M r Sumers & his wife and severall outliers ; y c
s' 1 person being asked whether he ware not in a passion sometime
after he Replyed no he was of y c same mind still that if he ware out
of y countrey he did not care if all the Rest ware knocked their
braines out to which if caled to am redy too testify upon oath.
[Massachusetts Archives, XXX. 323.]
Thirteen chapters of a history of the town were published
in the " Groton Herald" between December 12, 1829, and
July 3, 1830. of which Mr. Butler wrote the first eleven, and
Mr. Lemuel Shattuck the other two chapters. The following
KING WILLIAM'S WAR.
extract is taken from the last one, which appeared in tin
issue of July 3 :
For many years subsequent to this period, the system which had
been followed in 1675 and 6, of settling in garrisons for protection
against the Indians, was continued. From an account of the " settle-
ment of the garrisons in the west regiment of Middlesex," the follow-
ing, relating to Groton, is extracted and is valuable.
Groton, Afarcli i 7///, 1691-2
Ensign Jno. Lakin and
Widdow Blood, Junr.
Jno. Lakin, 10 men.
Benjamin Palmer and
Capt. [James] Parker and
James Nutting, and
Lieut. Lakin and 3 sons,
Daniel Barney and
f 1 1 men.
60 KING WILLIAM'S WAR.
Lt. [Jonas] Prescott and
Samuel Davis and
widdow Sawtle with
Joshua Whitting, [Whitney]
Joshua Whitting, Junr. [Whitney]
Robert Robin and
their familys. In all 31 men.
Jno. Farnsworth and
Benjamin Farnsworth, '
Nicholas Hutchins and
KING WILLIAM'S WAR.
At Mr. Hezekiah Usher's farm.
Samuel Bennet, ^
Bennet, and ^5 men.
The " Whitting's " names are wrongly spelt. They should have l)een
Whitney. They and many other of these families were from Water-
town. Their sister Ruth, the widow of Mr. John Shattuck, who was
drowned in Charlestown Ferry in 1675, anc ^ tne mother of the Shat-
tuck families in Groton and Pepperell, married Enosh Lawrence/
Several curious facts might be related concerning many of these
families, were it consistent with the time and object of this communi-
cation. Could not the location of each of these eight garrisons be
Mr. Butler prints this list of garrisons in his History (page
91), and gives an additional one between Enosh Lawrence's
and Jonas Prescott's, as follows :
William Green and
Abigail Parker, widow,
John Page and sons,
Samuel Woods, sen.,
Thomas Woods, and
This garrison was omitted from Mr. Shattuck's list, probably
by an oversight; and the " 11 men" are needed to make up
the sum total of "91 men." It would gratify curiosity to
know the sites of these several garrison-houses, and where
each family lived ; but this can be stated only in a general
and imperfect manner.
62 KING WILLIAM'S WAR.
Ensign John Lakin, and the families named with him, are
believed to have lived in that part of the town known as
Nod, and the outlying district.
Captain James Parker's land lay, in part, on both sides of
the present Main Street, and his house stood near the site
of the Town Hall. The persons named with him lived, mostly,
in the northerly part of the village.
Enosh Lawrence, and those associated with him, occupied
the northerly part of the town.
Lieutenant Jonas Prcscott's house-lot was at the southerly
end of the village, and those in the garrison with Prescott
lived near by.
John Davis and his associates dwelt in the southeasterly
part of the town, on the " Great Road " to the Ridges.
John Farnsworth and the others with him lived in the
south part of the town.
Hezekiah Usher's farm was at Nonacoicus, now included
in the town of Aycr. Usher's will, on file in the Suffolk
County Probate Office, is dated Nonacoicus, April 17, 1689.
He had married the widow of President Hoar, of Harvard
College, who was a daughter of John Lisle, one of the Com-
missioners of the Great Seal, under Cromwell ; but the mar-
riage was not a happy one. She left him and went to England
in the year 1687, and did not return until after his death,
which took place at Lynn on July II, 1697. 1 hi s w ^
he refers very plainly to his domestic troubles, and bitterly
blames his absent wife.
William Green lived near the site of Lawrence Academy ; and
those with him, southerly and easterly of this neighborhood.
During this period the Indians began again to be trouble-
some, and for the next fifteen or twenty years continued their
occasional depredations by murdering the inhabitants, burn-
ing their houses, destroying their crops, or killing their cattle.
Into these garrison-houses the neighboring families gathered
at night, where they were guarded by armed men who
warned the inmates of any approach of danger.
KING WILLIAM'S WAR. 63
David Jeffries, writing from Boston, September 16, 1692, to
Lieutenant-Governor John Usher, says : -
y e 14 th Inst at night a Post came to towne fro Majo r Hinrksman,
w ch gave an ace" of about 80 or 100 Indians, y' our scouts had made
discovery of in y night siting j> theire fires hammering of slugs for
theire gunns our scouts was soe neare them y 1 they could see y' Indi-
ans & heare them talke, yesterday morning we had news y 1 y c Indians
had killd two men at Groton Jera : Bowers is gone out w t!l about
100 men after them. . . .
The letter is now in the possession of Mr. William Lloyd
Jeffries, of Boston.
A few weeks later James Blood was killed by the " French
and Indian enemy" on October 13, 1692, according to Mr.
Lemuel Shattuck, in his Shattuck Memorials (page 78). Mr.
Butler mentions the fact, but does not give the date. Possi-
bly there is an error in regard to the time, and Blood may
have been one of the men killed, as mentioned by David
At times troops were stationed here by the Colonial au-
thorities for the protection of the town ; and the orders and
counter-orders to the small garrison tell too well that danger
was threatening. In the mean while King William's \Var
was going on ; and the enemy had material and sympathetic
aid from the French in Canada. The second attack on
the town came in the summer of 1694, and the accounts
of it I prefer to give in the words of contemporary writers.
Sometimes there are discrepancies, but, in the main, such
narratives are trustworthy.
The attack was made on Friday, July 27, and Cotton
Mather, in his Magnalia, thus refers to it:
Nor did the Storm go over so : Some Drops of it fell upon the
Town of Groton, a Town that lay, one would think, far enough oft" the
Place where was the last Scene of the Tragedy.
On July 27. [1694,] about break of Day Groton felt some sur-
prizing Blows from the Indian Hatchets. They began their Attacks
64 KING WILLIAM'S WAR.
at the House of one Lieutenant Lakin, in the Out-skirts of the Town ;
but met with a Repulse there, and lost one of their Crew. Never-
theless, in other Parts of that Plantation, (when the good People
had been so tired out as to lay down their Military IVatcK) there
were more than Twenty Persons killed, and more than a Dozen car-
ried away. Mr. Gershom Hobart, the Minister of the Place, with
part of his Family, was Remarkably preserved from falling into their
Hands, when they made themselves the Masters of his House ; though
they Took Two of his Children, whereof the one was Killed, and the
other some time after happily Rescued out of his Captivity. (Book
VII. page 86.)
Charlevoix, a French missionary in Canada, gives from his
own standpoint another version, as follows :
The Abenaqui chief was Taxous, already celebrated for many ex-
ploits, and commendable attachment to our interests. This brave man,
not satisfied with what he had just so valiantly achieved, chose forty of
his most active men, and after three days' march, by making a long
circuit, arrived at the foot of a fort [at Groton] near Boston, and
attacked it in broad day. The English made a better defence than
they did at Pescadoue [Piscataqua]. Taxous had two of his nephews
killed by his side, and himself received more than a dozen musket
balls in his clothes, but he at last carried the place, and then continued
his ravages to the very doors of the capital.
[History of New France, IV. 257, Shea's edition.]
The following reference to the assault is found in the re-
port, made October 26, 1694, by M. Champigny, to the Min-
ister Pontchartrain. The original document is in the Archives
of the Marine and Colonies at Paris; and I am indebted to
Mr. Francis Parkman, the distinguished historian, for a copy
These Indians did not stop there ; four parties of them have since
been detached, who have been within half a day's journey of Boston
[/'. e., at Groton], where they have killed or captured more than sixty
persons, ravaged and pillaged everything they found, which has thrown
all the people into such consternation that they are leaving the open
country to seek refuge in the towns.
KING WILLIAM'S WAR. 65
A French " Relation " of an expedition by Villieu also
mentions the assault. A copy of the paper is found in the
Massachusetts Archives at the State House, in the volume
marked "Documents collected in France," IV. 251. The
writer gives the date of the attack some days later than is
usually assigned. He says :
On the 30th the Indians of the Penobscot, not having taken as
many prisoners and as much booty as those of the Kennebec, because
they had not found enough to employ themselves ; at the solicitation
of Villieu and of Taxous their chief, some fifty of them detached them-
selves to follow this last person, who was piqued at the little that had
been done. They were joined by some of the bravest warriors of
the Kennebec, to go on a war party above Boston to break heads by
surprise \casser des fetes a la surprise], after dividing themselves into
several squads of four or five each, which cannot fail of producing a
good effect. (Pages 260, 261.)
Judge Sewall, in his Diary, printed in the " Collections of
the Massachusetts Historical Society," writes:
Friday, July 27. Groton set upon by the Indians, 21 persons
kill'd, 13 captivated, 3 badly wounded. About 9. night, Mr. Lodo-
wick comes to Boston. Between 10. and n. there is an Alarm,
through the Town kept up till near day-break. Mr. Brattle was arriv'd
at Col. Shrimpton's, there he told me of Mr. Lodowick's unhappi-
ness in coming just then. During the Alarm, Mr. Willard's little
daughter Sarah dies, buried on Sabbath-day a little before Sunset.
(V. Fifth series, 391.)
The child Sarah, mentioned by Sewall, was a daughter, only
a few months old, of the Reverend Samuel Willard, the minister
of Groton when the town was previously burned ; but at this
time he was settled over the Old South Church in Boston.
The Reverend John Pike makes the following reference to
the assault, in his Journal, printed in the Proceedings of the
same Society for September, 1875 :
July 27. The enemy fell upon Groton ab' day-break, killed 22
persons & Captivated 13. (XIV. 128.)
66 KING WILLIAM'S WAR.
Governor Hutchinson, in his " History of the Province of
Massachusetts Bay," published during the following century,
Having crossed Merrimack, on the 2yth of July  they fell
upon Groton, about 40 miles from Boston. They were repulsed at
Lakin's garrison house, but fell upon other houses, where the people
were oft* their guard, and killed and carried away from the vicinity
about forty persons. Toxus's two nephews were killed by his side,
and he had a dozen bullets through his blanket, according to
Charlevoix, who adds that he carried the fort or garrison and then
went to make spoil at the gates of Boston ; in both which facts the
French account is erroneous. (II. 82.)
In the assault of July, 1694, the loss on the part of the
inhabitants was considerably greater than when the town was
destroyed in the attack of 1676. It is said that the scalps of
the unfortunate victims were given to the Count de Frontenac,
governor of Canada. A large majority, and perhaps all, of the
prisoners taken at this time were children. The Indians had
learned that captives had a market value ; and children, when
carried off, could be more easily guarded than adults. It was
more profitable for the savages to exchange prisoners for a
ransom, or sell them to the French, than it was to kill them.
It is now too late to give the names of all the sufferers, but a
few facts in regard to them may be gathered from fragmen-
tary sources. The families that suffered the severest lived, for
the most part, in the same general neighborhood, which was
near the site of the first meeting-house. Lieutenant William
Lakin's house, where the fight began, was situated in the
vicinity of Chicopee Row.
KING WILLIAM'S WAR.
The following list of casualties, necessarily incomplete and
in part conjectural, is given as an approximation to the loss
sustained by the town :
John Longley's family 7 3
Rev. Mr. Hobart's i i
John Shepley's 4? i
James Parker, Jr.'s 2 3 ?
Alexander Rouse's 2 i
Mr. Gershom Hobart, the minister, whose house was cap-
tured in this assault, lived where the Baptist meeting-house
now stands. One of his boys was killed, and another, Ger-
shom, Jr., was carried off. There is a tradition extant that
a third child was concealed under a tub in the cellar, and thus
saved from the fury of the savages. Judge Sewall writes in
his Diary, under the date of May i, 1695 :
Mr. Hobarts son Gershom is well at a new Fort a days Journey
above Nerigawag [Norridgewock], Masters name is Nassacombewit, a
good Master, and Mistress. Master is chief Captain, now Bambazeen
[Massachusetts Historical Collections, V. Fifth series, 403, 404.]
It is not known exactly when he was rescued from captiv-
ity, but probably not long afterwards. The inscription on the
Shepley monument says that " the Indians massacred all the
Sheples in Groton save a John Sheple 16 years old who the[y]
carried captive to Canada and kept him 4 years, after which
he returned to Groton and from him descended all the Sheples
or Shepleys in this Vicinity; " but there is no record to show
how many there were in this family. Mr. Butler, in his
History (page 97), makes substantially the same statement,
but does not mention any number. In my list it is placed at
five, which is conjectural ; of this number probably four were
slain. Shepley lived near where the Martin's Pond road starts
off from the North Common. The knowledge which the bov
68 KING WILLIAM'S WAR.
John obtained of their language and customs, while a prisoner
among the Indians, was of much use to him in after-life.
Tradition relates that, when buying furs and skins of them, he
used to put his foot in one scale of the balance instead of a
pound weight. In the summer of 1/04, while he and thirteen
other men were reaping in a field at Groton, they were at-
tacked by about twenty Indians. After much skirmishing,
Shepley and one of his comrades, Butterfield by name, suc-
ceeded in killing one of the assailants, for which act they
each were allowed four pounds by the government. He was
the direct ancestor of the late Honorable Ether Shepley,
of Portland, formerly Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of
the State of Maine, and of his son, the late General George
Foster Shepley, formerly a Justice of the Circuit Court of
the First Circuit of the United States.
Sheplcy's petition to the General Court, which gives the
particulars of the attack, is as follows :
To his Excellency Joseph Dudley Esq r Cap'. General and Goremo''.
in Chief in &> over her ^Iaf : '^ Provinces of the Massachusetts-Bay
&> ril in New England To tJie Hon ! ' ! ; her Maf": s Council in s* Pror-
ince and To the Hon 1 ' 1 .* tlie House of Representatives now convened in
General Assembly within &" for said Province. Octob''. 25?'' 1704.
The Humble Petition of John Shepley of Groton Sheweth
That when Major Taylor was at Groton, having drawn off most of
his men from the place, and marched to Col. Tyngs yo. r Petitioner and
Thirteen men more being some reaping and y c rest Warding in a ffield
at Groton afores' 1 the Indians to the number of about twenty came
upon them when yo r . Petitioner and the rest betook themselves to their
Arms, and three others being along with yo r Petitioner, the Indians ran
round the ffield & met them & the s' 1 Indians made several shott at the
English, but amongst the rest one lusty stout Indian with a holland
shirt on ran about 8 or 10 Rodcl side by side with yof Petitioner &
the other 3 men in his Company, about 10 Rodd to the right hand of
them when he fired upon us, and as soon as he had fired yo r Petitioner
fired being loaded with a slugg & another of the Company at the same
KING WILLIAM'S WAR.
time fired a Bullet at him, whereupon the s' 1 Indian fell down and
cryd out ; There were 3 of our first Company kilPd or carryed
away, Afterwards ye s l1 Indian was found dead & a slugg & I Juliet
in his Body his Scalp being sent up to his Excellency by Major
Yo r Petitioner therefore humbly prays yo r Excellency c\: Hon r> to
take the premises into yo' Consideration and he may be allowed
such Encouragem' for his service herein as the Law allows
or as to yo r Excellency & Hono r ." in yo r Wisdoms shall seem
and yor Petitioner shall pray m
Octob' 26 th 1704.
Read and sent down.
On the back of the petition is written :
In the House of Representatives
Octo!^ 27: i 704 Read and
Resolved. That the sum of four Pounds be allowed and Paid
out of the publick Treasury to the Petition! and the like Sum
of four Pounds to Samuel Butterfield, who this House is Inform' 1
did assist in the killing of the Indian mentioned in the Petition,
and that no other or further sum be allowed for the killing of the
s d Indian
JAM " CONVERSE Speaker
Sent up for Concurrence
Read and Concurr'd
Is A ADDINGTON Secry.
[Endorsed] John Shepley's Petition Octo: i 704
[Massachusetts Archives, XXX. 496,497.]
While it was resolved, in connection with this petition, that
no further sum be allowed for the killing of the Indian, But-
terfield subsequently obtained an additional sum of five pounds
70 KING WILLIAM'S WAR.
from the public treasury in consequence of his services and
the loss of his accoutrements. The application for help,
dated April 10, 1706, is printed on page 95; and from this
document it appears that Butterfield was captured with
another man at this time, and a third one was killed. The
attack occurred in the month of August, 1704.
A petition to the General Court, dated May 31, 1699, an d
signed by Josiah Parker, says that " James Parker Jun r Brother
to yo r humble Pet" r was killed, with his Wife, several of his
Children also were then carryed away Captive." In the list of
casualties I have placed the number of these children at
three, which is conjectural on my part. The site of Parker's
house is unknown.
The petition for the relief of the family is as follows: -
PROVINCE OF Y E MASSACHUSETTS BAY : May 31^ 1699
To his Excellency The' Right Hon H f Richard Ectrle of Bcllomont
GoTerinf. in CJiief of his Majesties Prorince of the Massachusetts
Bay in New England and to y" Hon bl ' y f Council and Representa-
tives in Gen" Court Assembled
The Petition of Josiah Parker of Cambridge humbly sheweth
That whereas in the year 1693 [1694?] the Indian enemy made an
assault upon the Town of Groton in which, among others James
Parker Jun r Brother to yo r humble Pet'! r was killed, with his Wife,
several of his Children also were then carryed away Captive, one of
which named Phinehas Parker something less than a year ago was (by
a Master of a Vessell belonging to Ipswich) redeemed from the Indians
at y e Eastward : which said Master has been reimbursed by yor Pet nr
w cl ' is to the Value of about six pounds in Money.
The earnest request of yo[ humble Pet n . r to yo r Excellency & to this
Hon' 1 .' 1 -* Court is that you would please to consider him & that allow-
ance may be made him out of the publick Treasury for what he lias
disburst Also he desires humbly that you would please something to
consider the said Phinehas who is a poor Orphan now- about twelve
years old, and is like wise lame of one of his Leggs occasioned by y
cruelty of y e Salvages and it is very questionable whether ever lie will
KING WILLIAM'S WAR. 71
be cured, & has little or nothing left him of his Fathers estate for his
support If therefore what has here been suggested by yo r humble
Pet"/ may be accordingly considered and granted, it will greatly oblige
him, as in duty Bound,
Ever to Pray, &c
June 3 1699 Read ist tyme
June 6 th 1699 read a 2'! time, June y th read a 3 rd time and Voted
that the Petitioner be Allowed six pounds money out of the publick
Sent up for Concurrence
JAM s CONVERSE
[Massachusetts Archives, LXX. 401.]
The late Reverend James Delap Farnsworth, in a manu-
script account of William Longley, now in the library of the
New England Historic Genealogical Society, says that " two
of his neighbors named Rouse" were killed in the same mas-
sacre. Alexander Rouse lived in the vicinity, and this refer-
ence by Mr. Farnsworth is to him and his wife. There
was one " Tamasin Rouce of Grotten " received January 17,
1698-99, on board the Province Galley at Casco Bay; and
she, doubtless, was a daughter. (Archives, LXX. 399.) Two
commissioners had been sent to Casco Bay, in order to make
a treaty of peace with the Indians, and to bring away the
prisoners. One of the commissioners "took certain Minutes
of Remarkable Things from some of the captives," and Cot-
ton Mather, in his Magnalia, gives his readers what he calls
" a Taste of them." Mather speaks of the little girl, and
Assacombuit sent Thomasin Rouse, a Child of about Ten Years old,
unto the Water-side to carry something. The Child cried : He took
a Stick and struck her down : She lay for Dead : He took her up and
threw her into the Water : Some Indians not far off ran in and fetch'd
her out. This Child we have now brought home with us. (Book
VII. Page 95.)
72 KING WILLIAM'S WAR.
Among the " Nams of thos Remaining Still in hands of
the french at Canada," found in a document dated October,
1695, are those of " Lidey Langly gerl " and " Jn" Shiply
boy." In this list the residences of both these children are
incorrectly written, Lydia's being given as Dover, New Hamp-
shire, and John's as Oyster River. They both belonged in
this town, and were taken at the assault of July 27, 1694.
The name of Thomas Drew appears in the same list as of
Groton, which is a mistake, as he was of Oyster River.
(Archives, XXXVIII. A 2.)
This expedition against Groton was planned in part by the
Indians at a fort called Amsaquonte above Norridgewock, in
Maine. It was arranged also in the plan of operations that
Oyster River now Durham, New Hampshire should be
attacked on the way ; and the assault on that town was made
July 1 8, nine days before the one on Groton. At Oyster
River more than ninety persons were either killed or cap-
tured ; the prisoners from the two towns appear to have been
taken to Maine, where they were brought frequently together
during their captivity. On January 21, 1695, Lieutenant-
Governor William Stoughton issued a proclamation, in which
he refers to the " tragical outrages and barbcrous murders "
at Oyster River and Groton. He says that several of the
prisoners taken at these places " are now detained by the said
Indians at Amarascoggin and other adjoining places." l
Hezekiah Miles, alias Hector, a friendly Indian, at one
time a captive in the enemy's hands, made a deposition
before the Lieutenant-Governor and Council, at Boston, May
31, 1695, stating that, -
in the month of July 1694. there was a gathering of the Indi-
ans at the said new Fort [Amsaquonte] and preparations to go forth
to war, and that two or three days before they intended to set out, they
kild and boyld several dogs, and held a Feast, where was present
1 Documents relating to the Colonial History of the State of New York,
IX. 613, 614.
KING WILLIAM'S WAR. 73
Egeremet, Bomaseen, Warumbee, & Ahasombamet with divers others,
of the chief among them, they discoursed of falling upon Oyster
River and Groton ; and Bomaseen was to command one of the Com-
pany, & the day before they intended to set forth, myself with ffour
Indians more were despatched away to Canada with a Letter from the
Fryar and were upon our Voyage thither and back again about ffourt"
days and brought down about two barrels of powder, shot proportion-
able & some fire armes. About the time of our return, the Indians
came in after the Mischief done at Oyster River & Groton, and in
particular, I saw Bomaseen in his Canoo, which was well laden, there
was two English Captives, some scalps, and a large pack of Plunder
brought in that Canoo, and Bomaseen two or three days after his
return home went away to Canada.
[Massachusetts Archives, VIII. 39.]
Ann Jenkins, in a deposition given June 11, 1695, testifies
that she was taken on July 18, 1694, at Oyster River, and
with nine Captives more were Carried up to penecook & were Left
with Three Indians & that party went to Groaten Bomazeen being their
Commander. In nine dayes they returned & brought twelue Captives
& from thence with their Cannoes sometimes a float & sometimes Car-
ried untill that we Came to Norridgeawocke which tooke us fifteen
dayes & staied about two months there then dispersed into the woods
twoe or thre families in a place & kept Removeing toe and froe staie-
ing about a week in a place untill they brought vss down to pemaquid
& delivered vss to Cap' March.
[Massachusetts Archives, VIII. 40.]
The story of William and Deliverance Longley's family is a
sad one to relate. They were living, with their eight children,
on a small farm, perhaps a mile and a quarter from the village,
on the east side of the Hollis road. Their house was built of
hewn logs, and was standing at the beginning of the present
century. The old cellar, with its well-laid walls, was dis-
tinctly visible forty years ago, and traces of it could be
74 KING WILLIAM'S WAR.
seen even to very modern times. The site of this house has
recently been marked by a monument bearing the following
WILLIAM AND DELIVERANCE LONGLEY
WITH THEIR EIGHT CHILDREN.
O.\ THE 27TH OF JuLV 1694
THE INDIANS KILLED THE FATHER AND MOTHER
AND FIVE OF THE CHILDREN
AND CARRIED INTO CAPTIVITY
THE OTHER THREE.
It was erected in the autumn of 1879, at the expense of
the town, on land generously given for the purpose by Mr.
Zechariah Fitch, the present owner of the farm.
On the fatal morning of July 27, 1694, the massacre of this
family took place. The savages appeared suddenly, coming
from the other side of the Merrimack River, and began
the attack at Lieutenant William Lakin's house, where they
were repulsed with the loss of one of their number. They
followed it up by assaulting other houses in the same neigh-
borhood. They made quick work of it, and left the town
as speedily as they came. With the exception of John
Shepley's house, it is not known that they destroyed any of
the buildings ; but they pillaged them before they departed.
They carried off thirteen prisoners, mostly children, and
perhaps all, who must have retarded their march. There
is a tradition that, early in the morning of the attack, the
Indians turned Longley's cattle out of the barnyard into
KING WILLIAM'S WAR. 75
the cornfield, and then lay in ambush. The stratagem had
the desired effect. Longley rushed out of the house,
unarmed, in order to drive the cattle back, when he
was murdered, and all his family either killed or cap-
tured. The bodies of the slain were buried in one grave,
a few rods northwest of the house. A small apple-tree
growing over the spot, and a stone lying even with the
ground, for many years furnished the only clew to the final
resting-place of this unfortunate family, but these have now
William Longley was town-clerk in the year 1687, and also
from 1692 till his death in 1694; and only one week before he
was killed, he had made entries in the town records. His
father, William Longley, Sen., also had been town-clerk, dur-
ing the years 1666 and 1667, and died November 29, 1680.
The father was one of the earliest settlers of the town, as well
as the owner of a thirty-acre right in the original Groton plan-
tation. Lydia, John, and Betty were the names of the three
children carried off by the savages, and taken to Canada.
Lydia was sold to the French, and placed in the Congregation
of Ndtre Dame, a convent in Montreal, where she embraced
the Roman Catholic faith, and died July 20, 1758, at the ad-
vanced age of eighty-four years. Betty perished soon after her
capture, from hunger and exposure ; and John, the third child,
remained with the savages for more than four years, when he
was ransomed and brought away, much against his own will.
At one time during his captivity he was on the verge of
starving, when an Indian kindly gave him a dog's foot to
gnaw, which for the time appeased his hunger. He was
known among his captors as John Angary. After he came
home, his sister Lydia wrote from Canada, urging him to
abjure the Protestant religion ; but he remained true to the
faith of his early instruction.
Their grandmother, the widow of Benjamin Crispe, made
her will April 13, 1698, which was admitted to probate
in Middlesex County, on the 28th of the following Dcccm-
76 KING WILLIAM'S WAR.
bcr; and in it she remembered these absent children as
I give and bequeath Vnto my three Grand-Children y l are in Cap-
tivity if they returne Vizdt three books one of y 1 " a bible another a
Sermon booke treating of faith and the other a psalme book.
The old lady herself, doubtless, had read the " Sermon
booke treating of faith ; " and it must have strengthened her
belief in Divine wisdom, and been a great consolation in her
trials. She did not know at this time that her granddaughter
was a convert to the Roman Catholic faith. The knowledge
of this fact would have been to her an affliction scarcely less
than the massacre of her daughter's family.
John Longley returned about the time that his grandmother
died ; and subsequently he filled many important offices in
the church and town. Like his father and grandfather, he was
the town-clerk during several years. The following paper
signed by him is now in the possession of the New England
Historic Genealogical Society: -
John Longley of Groton of about fifty four Years of age Testifyes
& Saith That he was Taken Captive by the Indians at Groton in July
1694. and Lived in Captivity with them More than four Years ; And
the Two Last years and an half at Penobscot as Servant to Madoca-
wando of s d Penobscot And he was always Accounted as Chief or One
of y e Chief Sachems or Captains among the Indians there and I have
Often Seen the Indians Sitting in Council When he always Sat as
Chief: And Once in perticuler I Observed a present was made him of
a Considerable Number of Skins of Considerable Vallue As an Ac-
knowledgement of his Superiority.
Midd x ss. Groton July 24* 1736.
Deacon John Longley above named personally appearing Made
Oath to y? Truth of the above written Testimony.
Before me Benj 1 Prescott Jus' of peace.
(Knox Manuscripts, Waldo Papers, L. 13.]
KING WILLIAM'S WAR. 77
In the month of July, 1877, I was in Montreal, where I pro-
cured, through the kindness of the Mother Superior at the
Congregation of Notre Dame, a copy of the French record
of Lydia's baptism, of which the following is a translation : -
On Tuesday, April 24, 1696, the ceremony of baptism was per-
formed on an English girl, named Lydia Longley, who was born April
14, 1674, at Groton, a few miles from Boston in New England. She
was the daughter of William Longley and Deliverance Crisp, both
Protestants. She was captured in the month of July, 1680 [1694?] by
the Abenaqui Indians, and has lived for the past month in the house
of the Sisters of the Congregation of Notre Dame. The godfather
was M. Jacques Leber, merchant ; the godmother was Madame Marie
Madeleine Dupont, wife of M. de Maricourt, Ecuyer, Captain of a
company of Marines : she named this English girl Lydia Madeleine.
[Signed] LYDIA MADELEINE LONGLEY,
M. CAILLE, acting curate.
[The date of capture in this record is written out in full, and the omission of
one word would cause the mistake; i.e., "mil six cent quatre-vingt," omitting
After this attack of July 27 the town was left in strait-
ened circumstances, and the inhabitants found it difficult to
meet the demands made on them. In this emergency they
petitioned the General Court for relief, which was duly
granted, as appears by the following document : -
GROTON Octob r i5 th 1694
To the Honored General! Court :
The humble petition and earnest request of the Inhabitants of
Groton humbly sheweth ; That whereas w^e the present survivers
of this Towne do understand that ourselves either without invoice, or
according to some former or according to your honours pleasures arc
willed & domed for a rate or Levy, a considerable some of moneys
amounting to 50"'" ; we therefore being feelingly apprehensive of our
utter incapacity, in present circumstances without apparent wrong to
78 KING WILLIAM'S WAR.
us ; to pay said sum humbly make bold under God to addresse this
honored great generall Court, with both our humble petition and a
discovery of our condition : our petion is that we may If it be your
honourable pleasure to remitt us our assessment and not putt us upo
further inevitable streights & Miseryes. This we humbly petion, and
that we may not be thought unjustly to withdraw y e shoulder from
puting our strength & help to support and cary on the government of
their, our Majestyes, in this part of their dominion, and be unwilling
to bear our part with the rest of their Majestyes subjects on this
New England shoar as we have constantly & proportionally heitherto
done and as arguments and Reason to prevail in this case, we make
bold to spread our conditio before your honored selues : not to run
back very farr
1 It pleased God the disposer of all men & humane affairs to place
us upon y e outward borders of y e inhabited land on this side y coun-
try, which by some is alledged as an argument against us, yett lett
Reason butt speak & the union and communion not onely of naturall,
but Christian societyes haue its argument and it will tell us of bearing
one another's burdens, and of that smpathetick property that is a
naturall body & rationally ought to be both in cyvill & politick also :
and therefore whatever our alledged priveledges are, or haue bin. we
ought not to be Grudged them, for indeed our out edge & distant
Living hath bin in these times of late awfull dealing our hurt &
damage both as to psons & estates beyound parrelell with any in-
ward Townes, as plaine & undeniable Reason & argument is ready to
2 The providence of y" wise God, did order it That very grievous
troublesome and mortall sicknesse, was amoungt us the last year by wh
we were not onely leasoned considerebly in our numbers, but demin-
ished in our estates It being so generall That one could not help y
other by w : h great charge of Doct r s came upo us, losse of y' ; season-
able Labour of our inhabitants, to the indamaging the estates of y e
most, unrecovered by many to this day.
3 we might add our constant (in these late times) standing upon
our guard, and considerable charge, of building & repairing forts, for
our owne and the countryes safty. & securing their majestyes subjects,
both here, and in the inmost places.
4 This years soar and awfull troubles by y e late deaths captivityes
KING WILLIAM'S WAR. 79
and consequent meseryes, whereby we lost severall able valuble psons,
whose estates are either, much lessened, or removed by others, out
our reach : beside by inevitable losse of corne, It is Judged by many
of our Towne that a third part at lest of our Indian corne, is wholy
lost ; and now of late psons haue bin hendred much in their corne,
& hay harvest, beside the hand of God upon our husbandry, as to rye
much blasted, not halfe a usuall crop and by early frost, Indian corne
much hurt, & damnifyed, that severall familyes will be at a losse for
corne, not having for halfe y e year through : Thus Leaving our petion
& condition to your honours serious consideration hoping you may
see, reason to indulge us in that matter praying to God who setts
amoung y e god to direct, & preside, and bless^, your psons & consul-
tations to conclude & determine what may be for y present & future
weal & prosperity, of these plantation, we rest and remaine yours in
all duty & service.
James Parker Sen r : William Laken Sen r . Select men in the name
of y e Select men by y e voat of y e Towne of Groton :
[Massachusetts Archives, CXIII. 89.]
Upon reading this Petition of the Inhabitants of Groton Setting
forth their great distress and impoverish' by reason of the desolations
made upon them by the Enemy Praying to be Eased and abated of
their proportion to the last publick Tax or Assessm' amounting to the
sum of Fifty pounds.
That the said Town be abated one halfe of the afores'. 1 Sum of Fifty
pounds, and that Mr Treasurer do Suspend the calling for the other
halfe until the Fifteenth day of December next. The Assessor" forth-
with to proportion the same upon their Inhabitant" and to commit the
List thereof unto their Constables, so that they may be collecting
Octob r 22' 1 1694 : Past in the affirmative by the house of Repre-
sentatives and sent up to his Ex cy and Gouncil for Consent
NEHEMIAH JFAVET speaker
Vot'. 1 a concurrence in Council, die pdict.
Is f ADDINGTON Secry.
Vote for abatement to Groton. Oct" 1694.
[Massachusetts Archives, CXIII. 97.]
80 KING WILLIAM'S WAR.
Lieutenant-Governor William Stoughton writes from Bos-
ton, September 5, 1695, to Captain James Converse:
I order That at your next passing over Merrimack with your Com-
pany towards Dunstable <S:c That you advise with MajT Henchman and
M r Jon: 1 Ting concerning the posting yo r men in the several Frontiers
of Dunstable, Bilrica Chelmsford Groton, Lancaster and Marlboro for
the better inforcem' of the Garrisons there & maintaining a good
brisk Scout for the discovery of the Enemy to prevent their annoying
of those Towns during the Harvest Season, . . .
[Massachusetts Archives, LI. 44.]
In accordance with this order, eight men were posted at
Groton ; soon afterward there were nine, of whom seven were
inhabitants of the town.
Captain James Converse writes from Woburn :
WOOBOURNE (7'. ir y e 7'. h (1696)
May it pleas your Hon r '
The Subscriber receiving a letter from your Hon' of yV first Courant,
and therein, a Comand to wait upon your Hon r y"' next day in ord r to
receive some further Instructions, referring to a Journey to Groaton,
to speak with some Volanteers &c : I was also ordered to take Cap
Cowers & L! Crasby with me to Groaton, but I hearing their scouts
had discovered sundrey track of the Enemy, I suposed those men
might be in y': Woods with their scouts, and so it proued, for this
reson I took with me Cap tn Thof Bancroft of Redding, and only one
soldier with vs, we came to Groaton on fryday morning (the time y 1
I was ordered to be there) where I mett with M r Daniel ffitch
& his second, and y c rest of their Volanteers all but two or 3
Indians, y 1 left them (by force) in y e morning, pretending to returne
horn, . . .
[Massachusetts Archives, LI. 68.]
John Haywood, in his " Gazetteer of Massachusetts " (Bos-
ton, 1849), under Groton, says that one man was killed here,
May 20, 1697, and three wounded. (Page 162.) The same
KING WILLIAM'S WAR. 8 1
statement is made in George Wingate Chase's " History of
Haverhill, Massachusetts " (page 201 ) ; though I find no other
authority for it. Perhaps it is the same affair mentioned in
the next sentence.
Cotton Mather says that one man was killed at Groton, in
the year 1697, and another, with two children, carried into
captivity. (Magnalia, Book VII. page 91.) He does not give
the date clearly, but inferentially it is June. The prisoner
was Stephen Holden, who was captured, with his two oldest
sons, John and Stephen, Jr. John was released in January,
1699, at which time the father and the other boy were yet
remaining in the hands of the savages. It was not long, how-
ever, before they too were freed; for, in the following June,
the House of Representatives voted three pounds and twelve
shillings for the expenses that had been incurred in bringing
Holden's petition to the General Court to be reimbursed
for buying his own freedom is as follows :
To The Honored &* great Assembly now setting in Boston The hum-
ble petition and Request of Stephen Holden of Groton
Honored S rs It having pleased the Almighty God to order it that
myselfe & my two biggest sons tho small were taken captiues by the
Indian enemyes from our towne of Groton and being with the Esterne
enemy & my 2 sons about one year & ten moneth when tho it was my
portion to escape with my life thro Gods mercy beyound what I
did expect or look for & I think fared better than some other Eng-
lish yett great hardship and difficultyes I underwent, but being very
desirous with one of my sons that was there to gitt home If it might
be fore the English vessells came I was necessitated to give my
promise to my Indian Pilates whom I satisfyed att Richmans Island
by English that I borrowed of there thre pound &: twelue shillings If
I might haue y e boldnesse I would humbly craue That It might be paycl
out of Publiq stock I should take it thankfully att your hands Thus
with my thankefulnesse to God that both myselfe & both my children
he hath graisosly returned to our home againe commend your honours
82 KING WILLIAM'S WAR.
and concerments into y L> hands & wishing y c Presence & benidiction of
y e soveraine God I take Leaue & subscribe myselfe your humble sen-ant
GROTOX May 27'"' 1699
June 6 th 1699 once read. & Voted by the house of Representatives
that the aboves'. 1 Peticoner Stephen Holden of Grotton be paied out
of the publick Treary Three pounds & twelve shillings money
Sent up for Concurrence,
JAM;" CONVERSE Speaker
19. July, 99. Read and past in Councel
Is A ADDIXGTON Secry
[Massachusetts Archives, LXX. 400.]
Among the names of the captives received on board the
Province Gaily, January 17, 16989, at Casco Nay, were
" John Moulding of Grotten " and " Tamasin Rouce of Grot-
ten." It is recorded, a week later, that " Steven Moulding of
Grotten" and "Steven Moulding Jim' of ditto" are "yet in
the Indian hands." (Archives, LXX. 398, 399.)
It is evident that the early settlers were still having a hard
time during this period. All the records go to show that
between the assaults of the savages and the short crops they
found it difficult to obtain a livelihood. Again they were
obliged to ask the General Court for an abatement of their
taxes, which they did, in a petition, as follows : -
To the Honored Luten". 1 Govern 1 the Honored Councill and Repre-
sentitives In the Court Assembled : The humble petition of the towne
of Groton by orderly warning mett upon octob r the (4"') 1697 then
voating (after Serious discourse upon the present times & awfull cir-
cumstances of them and our pticular immergencys) our dislike of the
present help granted to us as we are greeved att y e management S:
oversight of it : & voating that capt ne James Parker and Ensigne John
KING WILLIAM'S WAR. 83
Farnsworth should be our Agents to present and promote this petition
of ours by such discourse as might be needfull in our behalfe att the
Court. Honored Sirs : We being in some measure necessitated (by
the constancy and Long continuance of the righteous hand of Almighty
Clod upon us) to know more experimentally the troubles concomitant
and consequent of bloody & cruell warr, Then by Sympathy it can be
possibly knowne by others : And that by Reason our stages & dwell-
ings happene to be upon y e very dint, brinck & in y e mouth of more
unavoidable difficultyes, fears dangers & death by the cruell sword of
the wildernesse, then many others are or can be, Therefore as we ap-
prehend the case to stand with us, being diminished in our numbers,
and greatly impoverished in our out wards, desirous as we hope in
measure we have done to be constantly putting up our petitions to the
Lord of hosts and god of armyes to afford us conduct & Assistance
every way so we would not wanting to cry to &: humbly call upon our
Moses & Aaron to give us advise & to extend their helping hand
who if any are, we are in the wildernesse where y r is Scorpions and
subtle Finny Serpents mortally wounding and killing of us as your
Honor d Selves hear by Rumour upon Rumour, but we not onely hear
butt feel see & woefully experience the same. Honored Sirs we desire
with all gratitude and thankfullnesse to acknowledge your fatherly care
of us hitherto, Butt yett we for our parts If still we must abide in the
Front. We beg If it may seem good in your eyes that we may be
Released from countrey charges to his Majesty or in plaine words coun-
trey Rates & that we may be pleasured with some sutable proportion
of souldiers not of ourselves which if we may be worthy once more to
obtaine we haue agreed not to sell them away for men of ourselves as
we wickedly did. The way of a changable scout we thought might
do us a kindnesse, which if it had bin with good inspection & man-
agement attended It might have done It hath appeared to us more
wayes than one that gitting y" Money hath bin more aimed at thO
carefull ordering, or doing the worke to earn it hath bin ; we beg that
If for this autumnal & winter season you may soe meet to order y c
chargable scout that it may be no lesse the 1 2 : & that it it may be putt
into a carefuller & honester hand than it hath bin both for the place &
benifit of this poor Towne we are able if called thereto to Alledge
sufficient Argum 1 " that if we have the same or other souldiers It is a
thing requisite that some other .pson might Inspect them
84 KING WILLIAM'S WAR.
Thus craving pdone for our boldnesse wishing y Lord to be your
president in all publike matters that may be before you \ve humbly
subscribe ourselves yours in all obedience <S: loyalty
SIMON* STONE \
THOMAS TARBELL v ^ e ' ect
SAMUEL PARKER )
Oct 15"' 1697. Read Constable of Groton
Voted in y house of Representatives
In answer to sd petition. That they are Eased in this Last tax as they
desired : & as to y e Scout y 1 they Judg it needfull y' Six of their owne
Souldiers be Imployed dayly : & y f y j Comand r in cheif put in a sutable
pson to Inspect y e same
Sent up for Concurrence :
PENN TOWXSEND Speaker
[Massachusetts Archives, LXX. 360, 361.]
It is said, on the authority of Judge Se\vall's Diary, that
there were three persons badly wounded in the assault of
July 27, 1694. One of them, undoubtedly, was Enoch Law-
renc, whose given name is sometimes written Enosh. His
petition to the Governor for help is as follows :
7b his Excellency Joseph Dudley Es<f. Cap'. Gen 11 - and Govcrno r in
Chief in and over her Majesties Province of the Massachusetts
Bay in New England.
To the Honorable Council and Representatives of y c said province
In Court assembled.
The humble Petition of Enoch Lawrence Humbly Sheweth that
your petitioner is a very poor man and by reason of wounds in his
hand, received in a fight with the Indians in the former indian War is
allmost wholly disabled from following his dayly Labour upon which
he depends for a Livelyhood both for himself and his family.
Yo" Petition" therefore prays That he may have Freedoine from
Taxes, and something allowed him for a maintainance granted by yo r
KING WILLIAM'S WAR. 85
Excellency and this honour 1 '.' Court and yo r Petition' shall ever
1 6 Octo. 1702. Read and sent down.
Is? ADDINGTON Secry.
Octobr : i 7"' i 702.
Read in the house of Representatives.
In answer to y prayer of Enoch Lawrence, y e petitioner
Resolved that the said Petition 1 " be freed from publick Taxes cS: be
allowed and paid out of the Publick Treasury of the Province as a
Pension during his life : three pounds p r annu.
Sent up for Concurrence
JAM S CONVERSE Speaker
Oct 19!' 1702. In Council.
Read and Voted a Concurrance
Is? ADDINGTOX, Secry.
[Massachusetts Archives, LXX. 583.]
QUEEN ANNE'S WAR.
QUEEN ANNE'S WAR, as it is commonly called in America,
broke out in the year 1702, when England declared war
against France and Spain ; and the American colonies were
drawn into the contest. The Indians in New England were
in sympathy with the French; and they kept the frontier
settlements continually on the alert. Strict vigilance, on the
part of the colonists, was the price of their safety. Military
companies were still held under discipline and drill, and from
time to time were reviewed by the proper officers. In the
year 1702, Chief Justice Samuel Sewall accompanied Gov-
ernor Joseph Dudley through Middlesex County on a tour
of inspection ; and in his Diary, under date of October 28, he
Went to Groton, saw Capt. Prescot and his company in Arms.
(Gov r had sent to them from Dunstable that would visit them).
Lancaster is about 12 Miles Southward from Groton. Concord is 16
Miles | and Ten- Rod from Groton.
[Massachusetts Historical Collections, VI. fifth series, 67.]
The captain of this company was Jonas Prescott, an active
man in the affairs of the town. He was a blacksmith
QUEEN ANNE'S WAR 87
by trade, and the ancestor of a long line of distinguished
families. He was the grandfather of Colonel William Pres-
cott, the commander of the American forces at the Battle of
Bunker Hill; who was himself the father of William Fres-
cott, the lawyer and jurist, and the grandfather of William
Hickling Prescott, the historian.
After these alarms there was a short respite, which con-
tinued till 1704; when the frontier towns were again exposed
to savage warfare, and this town suffered with the others.
Samuel Penhallow, in "The History of the Wars of New-
England" (Boston, 1726), thus refers to the attack on this
place in August, 1704 : The Indians -
afterwards fell on Lancaster, and Groaton, where they did some
Spoil, but not what they expected, for that these Towns were season-
ably strengthened. . . .
And yet a little while after they fell on Groaton, and Nashaway
[Lancaster], where they kill'd Lieut. Wyler [Wilder], and several
more. (Pages 24, 25.)
In the library of the Massachusetts Historical Society is a
manuscript diary of John Marshall, of Braintree, which has
the following entry :
The begining of this month of august  the Indians did
mischeif at Lancaster Killed 3 or 4 persons burnt their meeting
house : and did some harm allso at Groton. the same week. Killed
one or more : about 200 men went out after them who weer gone 20
days under major Taylor, but Returned Without doing any spoill on
The attack on Lancaster was on July 31, and that on
Groton probably within a day or two of the same time.
There were two regiments in Middlesex County at this
period ; one made up of men living in towns near Boston,
called the Lower Regiment, and the other of men living in
the more distant sections of the county, known as the Upper
Regiment. The following letter, from Major James Converse,
88 QUEEN ANNE'S WAR.
is printed in the Reverend Samuel Sewall's " History of
Woburn" (pages 543, 544), and refers to " y e towns in y c
Lower Regain'," meaning the towns from which the Lower
Regiment was raised. There were some prowling Indians in
the neighborhood at this time, and the outlying settlements
were alarmed : -
For His Exc y . Joseph Dudly, Esq r . Capt". Gen" Gon r In Chief e, &c.
\VOOH N August i4 th , 1704.
May it pleas Your Exc y .
I Received Your Excel" Order of y e lo'] 1 Courrant, I Rec'.' it y:
same day about 4 in y. afternoone, for the detaching 45 Soldiers
&c : and to post y'! 1 in 3 squadrons under y e Comand of a Sarg' to
Each, viz. Groaton, Lanchester & Malburow. I forthwith sent out
my Warrants to all y'r touns in y e Lower Regam 1 ; the Soldiers were
all Impress' 1 y! night and y e nth day and began to March, the 12
day I went and posted them according to Order, Giueing the sarg 1 ?
written Orders to obserue till further Orders, directing them to take
advice of the Capt s of the Respectiue touns :
At Malburow, John Benjamin sarg! 15 men ^
Lanchester, Benjamin Wilson sarg' 14 men >- 45.
Groaton, Joseph Child, sarg' 16 men 3
here is y e whole Number Your Excelencey sent for, posted according
to order. I think there are too many garrasons in every towne. If
these men be Reposted, one at a garrason, and two at another, I shall
account my labour lost, and y. men next to thrown away, Saving
alwayes, what is in Obedience to Your Exc" Comand there is nothing
lost or thrown away.
Exc 1 S r I pray for a gracious pardon, and am
Your Very Humble Ready and Obedient Serv 1
A party of Indians, numbering about thirty, made their
appearance in town, and killed a man on the night of October
25, 1704. Pursuit was at once made for them, but it was tin-
QUEEN ANNE'S WAR. 89
successful. "The Boston News-Letter," October 30, 1704,
gives the following account of the affair :
On Wednesday night [October 25] an English man was kill'd in
the Woods at Groton by the Indians which were afterwards descryed
in the night by the Light of their Fires, by a Person Travailing from
Groton to Lancaster, and judged they might be about Thirty in num-
ber ; pursuit was made after them, but none could be found.
From Marshall's Diary we learn the name of the man who
was slain. It is there recorded :
on the 25 day [October, 1704,] mr Breck was ordained at marl-
borrough. the next day a man was killed and scalped by the indians
he belonged to the town of Groton his name was davis : a very use-
full man and much Lamented :
It has been a tradition thaj^aaaxnet Davis was killed by the
Indians, but the date of his death was unknown ; this entry,
however, seems to fix it. It is said to have happened in
the early part of the evening, while he was taking in some
clothes which had been washed and hung out to dry. He
lived near the present " Community," where W. Dickson
resided when the map in Mr. Butler's History was made; and
Davis's Fordway in the river near by, named after him, is still
remembered by the older people of that neighborhood
It is not surprising that the inhabitants, upon the renewal
of hostilities, were obliged to ask for help from the General
Court. They had already suffered much in life and property,
and were little able to bear new burdens. They represented
to the Governor that they had been greatly impoverished by
their loss of horses and cattle, of corn and hay, and that
they were scarcely able to hold out much longer; but the
crowning calamity of all was the illness of the minister, Mr.
Hobart, which prevented him from preaching. Their means
were so limited that they could not support him and supply
his place besides. They were obliged to earn their living at
the peril of their lives ; and some were thinking of leaving
90 QUEEN ANNE'S WAR.
the town. They spent so much time in watching and guard-
ing, that they seemed to be soldiers rather than farmers.
Under these discouraging circumstances they asked for help,
and were allowed out of the public treasury twenty pounds
to assist them in procuring another minister, besides ten
pounds to be divided among those who were the greatest
sufferers in the late attack upon them.
Their petition to the General Court is in the handwriting of
Jonas Prescott, and gives a pathetic account of their situation.
It is as follows :
To his exalancy Joseph Dutly esquir captain genarall comander in in
and oucr hur maiesties pronines of the masiacheusits bay in new
Ingland and to the honorable counsil and raprasantitifes in genarall
court asambled at boston this Instant Desember 1704 :
The humble patition of the Inhabitants of the town of groton in
the county of midlsax in the prouians aforesd humbley sheweth
1 That wharas by the all dessposing hand of god who orders all
things in infinit wisdom it is our portion to Hue In such a part of the
land which by reson of the enemy Is becom uary dangras as by wofull
exsperiants we haue fait both formarly and of late to our grat damidg
& discoridgmant and spashaly this last yere hauing lost so many par-
sons som killed som captauated and som ramoued and allso much corn
& cattell and horses & hay wharby wee ar gratly Impouerrished and
brought uary low & in a uary pore capasity to subsist any longer As
the barers herof can inform your honors
2 And more then all this our paster mr hobard is & hath been for
aboue a yere uncapable of desspansing the ordinances of God amongst
vs & we haue aduised with the Raurant Elders of our nayboring
churches and thay aduise to hyare another minister and to saport mr
hobard and to make our adras to your honours we haue but litel laft
to pay our deus with being so pore and few In numbr athar to town or
cuntrey & we being a frantere town & lyable to dangor there being no
safty in going out nor coming in but for a long time we haue got our
brad with the parel of our Hues & allso broght uery low by so grat a
charg of bikling garisons & fortefycations by ordur of athorety &
thar is saural of our Inhabitants ramoued out of town & others ar
QUEEN ANNE'S WAR. 91
prouiding to remoue. axcapt somthing be don for our Incoridgment
for we are so few & so por that we canot pay two ministors nathar
ar we wiling to Hue without any we spand so much time in wach-
mg and warding that we can doe but litel els & truly we haue liued
allmost 2 yers more like soulders then other wise & accapt your
honars can find out som bater way for our safty and support we
cannot uphold as a town ather by remitting our tax or tow alow pay
for building the sauarall forts alowed and ordred by athority or alls
to alow the one half of our own Inhabitants to be under pay or to
grant liberty for our remufe Into our naiburing towns to tak cor for
oursalfs all which if your honors shall se meet to grant you will
hereby gratly incoridg your humble pateceners to conflect with the
many trubls we are ensadent unto
whar fore your humble pationars humbly prays your axcalancy & this
honared court to tak this mater into your scares consedration and
grant releef acordingly and your pationars shall as in duty bound
by ordur of the town of groton
Jan7 2? 1704 Read. SAMUEL PARKER
Jan r f 3 : 1704 In the House of Representatives.
In Answer to the Petition on the other side
Resolved That there be allowed, and Paid out of the Publick Treas-
ury, the sum of Twenty Pounds, to the Town of Grotton to Encourage
& Assist them in Procuring another Minister, to help them under the
present Disability of their Pastour M r . Hubbard, & Ten Pounds more
be allowed & Paid out of the publick Treasury, to Jonathan Tyng
Esq. & Mr Nathan! Hill, to be by them proportionably distributed
to such of the s d Town, as in their Judgment have been greatest suf-
ferers, in the late outrages made upon them by the Enemy
Sent up for concurrence.
JAM S CONVERSE Speaker
In Council. Read and concurr'd.
Is A ADDINGTON Secry
4 th January. 1 704.
[Massachusetts Archives, LXXI. 107, 108.]
92 QUEEN ANNE'S WAR.
Two years later, another assault was made on the town,
though with little damage. I again quote from Penhallow's
History of the Wars of New-England :
[July 21, 1706.] Several Strokes were afterwards made on Chelms-
ford, Sudbury and Groton, where three Soldiers as they were going to
publick Worship, were way-laid by a small Party, who kill'd two, and
made the other a Prisoner. (Page 36.)
A few additional particulars of these " Strokes " are found
in the Reverend John Pike's Journal, printed in the Proceed-
ings of the Massachusetts Historical Society for September,
July 21, 1706. Sab : 2 souldiers slain, <$: one carried away by the
enemy at Groton. They were all new-Cambridge [Newton] men, cV
were returned to their Post from one Bloods house, who had invited
y m to Dinner. (XIV. 143.)
Marshall, in his Diary, briefly alludes to this affair thus :
on the 21 [July] they Killed 2 and took one captive at groton.
The Reverend Jonathan Homer, in his History of New-
ton, as published in the Massachusetts Historical Collections,
V. 2/3, gives the names of these men as John Myrick, Na-
thaniel Heal}', and Ebenezer Seger, and says they were all
three killed by the Indians. This statement, however, is in-
accurate, as John Myrick was not one of the three soldiers,
and furthermore was alive after this date. It is sufficiently
clear from the following contemporaneous petitions that two
of these men were brothers by the name of Seager, and the
third one was Nathaniel Healy. It was one of the Seager
brothers who was taken prisoner.
To his Excellency Joseph Dudley Esq r Captain Gcnerall and Gorcr-
nour in Chief in and Orcr her Majesties Province of the Massa-
chusetts bay &> the Hon b!f f. Council &> Representatives in General I
The Humble Petition of Nathaniel Healy of Newtown in said
QUEEN ANNE'S WAR. 93
May it please your Excellf Your Humble Petitioner having at his
own proper Cost Armed his Son Nathaniel Healy into her Majesties
Service under the Command of Capt" Josiah Parker At Groton on the
21 day of July 1706. Yo' Petitioners said Son was slain and his Gun
Carried away by the Enemy who Waylaid him and Others as they were
going to Meeting On the Sabbath day
Your Petitioner humbly Prays that he may be Supplied with Another
Gun at the Province Charge for Another of his Sons, Or be otherwise
allowed as Your Excellency shall think meet
And Your Petitioner as in duty bound shall ever pray &c
In the House of Representatives.
June 5'!' 1707. Read.
Resolved That the Sum of Twenty Shillings be Allowed & Paid
out of the publick Treasury to Nath 1 ' Healy the Petitioner in full for
the Gun above mentioned
Sent up for Concurrence.
JOHN BURRILL Speak r
5 June. 1707. In Council.
Read and Concurr'd
Is A ADDINGTON Secry
[Massachusetts Archives, LXXI. 345.]
To His Excellency the Governour And the Honorable Councill & to
the Representatives the humble Petition of Henry Seager of New-
That y r Petitioner had, The Summer before Last, Two Sons prest
out in to y e Countreys Service at Groton, And were whilst in the Ser-
vice by the Providence of God, one of them Kill'd by the Enimy y e
other Taken Captive ; So y! they both of them Lost their Arms w dl I
think were Justly valuable at five pounds, and four Powder horns, half
a Pound of Powder, twenty bullets & a Snapsack,
94 QUEEN ANNE'S WAR.
Y r Petitioner therefore humbly prays that he may be Considered
herein, out of the Countrey Treasure as shall be y r Good Pleasure
And y r Petitioner shall ever Pray &c a
HENRY H SEAGER
4 Nov m 1707
Read and Recommended to the House.
In the House of Representatives
Nov : 14: 1707. Read.
In Answer to the Petition on the other side
Resolved That the sum of forty shillings be Allowed & Paid, out of
the publick Treary to Henry Seager the Petitioner.
Sent up for Concurrence.
JOHN BURRILL Speak'
15 Nov. 1 707.
Read and Concurr'd
Is ADDINGTON Secry.
[Massachusetts Archives, LXXI. 419.]
Penhallow, in his History, gives several instances of ex-
treme cruelty to the prisoners on the part of the savages, and
mentions the following case of a man who was captured in
this town :
A third was of Samuel Butterfield, who being sent to Groton as a
Soldier, was with others attackt, as they were gathering in the Harvest ;
his bravery was such, that he kill'd one and wounded another, but
being overpower'd by strength, \vas forc'd to submit ; and it hapned
that the slain Indian was a Sagamore, and of great dexterity in War,
which caused matter of Lamentation, and enrag'd them to such degree
that they vow'd the utmost revenge ; Some were for whipping him to
Death ; others for burning him alive ; but differing in their Sentiments,
they submitted the Issue to the Squaw Widow, concluding she would
determine something very dreadful, but when the matter was opened,
and the Fact considered, her Spirits were so moderate as to make no
other reply, than, " Fortune L'guarc. Upon which some were uneasy ;
QUEEN ANNE'S WAR. 95
to whom she answered, If by killing him, you can bring my Husband
to life again, I beg you to study what Death you please ; but if not let
him be my Servant ; which he accordingly was, during his Captivity,
and had favour shewn him." (Pages 38, 39.)
The account of Butterfield's case was in substance originally
printed in a pamphlet entitled "A MEMORIAL of the
Present Deplorable STATE of New England" (1707),-
now of great rarity, which appeared twenty years before
Judge Penhallow's History was published. This pamphlet
has since been reprinted in the introduction to the sixth
volume, fifth series, of the " Collections of the Massachusetts
Historical Society." The account is as follows:
A Man had Valiantly Killed an Indian or two before the Salvages
took him. He was next Morning to undergo an horrible Death,
whereof the Manner and the Torture was to be assigned by the
Widow Squa of the Dead Indian. The French Priests told him, they
had indeavoured to divert the Tygres from ther bloody Intention, but
could not'prevail with them ; he must prepare for the terrible Execu-
tion. His cries to God were hard, and heard ; when the Sentence of
the Squa, was demanded, quite contrary to every ones Expectation,
and the Revengeful Inclination so usual and well-known among these
Creatures, she only said, His Death won't fetch my Husband to Life;
Do not/iing to him ! So nothing was done to him. (Page 58.*)
Butterfield remained a captive for more than a year. It is
not known how he obtained his release. His petition to the
General Court sets forth the fact that he was an inhabitant of
Chelmsford, and was sent by Captain Jerathmel Bowers to
Groton, in order to help Colonel Taylor, in August, 1704,
when the enemy came upon the place. It is as follows : -
To his Excellency Joseph Dudley Esq r Cap'. General and Cover no r in
Chief and To the Hono bl f the Coitncil and House of Representatives
now in General Assembly convened at Boston within 6* for her
Majesties Province of the Massachus*. Bay April 10"' 1706.
The Humble Petition of Samuel Butterfield Sheweth
* That yo' Petitioner is an Inhabitant of the Town of Chelmsford,
96 QUEEN ANNE'S WAR.
and in the month of August 1704, when the Enemy came upon
Nashoway & Groton & : yo r Petitioner (with others) was sent out by
the Cap' Jerathmel Bowers to Groton to assist Col : Taylor, when yo r .
Petitioner being ordered out with some others to Guard a Man who
was going to work in the field, the Enemy came upon them, killd one
man and took yo!" Petitioner and one other Prisoners, tho yo[ Petitioner
made all the resistance possible, killed one, and knockt down two
more after they had seized him, for which yo r Petitioner was cruelly
used by them afterwards & threatened to be burnt, several times.
May it please this Great and Generall Assembly. yo r Petitioner was
very well accoutred in all respects when he was taken, and then was
stript of all and was between fourteen and fifteen months a Captive
exposd to great hardships, and has sustained great Loss and damage.
Yo r Petitioner therefore humbly prays the favor of this great and
General Assembly to take the premises into yo r serious Consideration
and Grant him such Recompense for his Losses and sufferings, as
afores'. 1 as to yo T . wisdom and Goodness shall seem meet.
and yo r Petitioner (as in duty bound) shall ever pray &c.
Apr! 1 10 : 1706, Read.
In the House of Representative
Resolved That the Sum of Five Pounds be allowed, & Paid out of
the Publick Treasury to Sam! 1 Butterfield the Petitioner in Considera-
tion of his Losse, & service.
Sent up for concurrence.
THOMAS OAKES Speaker
April. 1 1. 1 706.
Read & concurr'd.
Is? ADDINGTON Secry.
[Massachusetts Archives, LXXI. 195, 196.]
Butterfield had previously received, October 27, 1/04, a
bounty of four pounds for killing the Indian mentioned in
this petition ; but the present award was for his services and
QUEEN ANNE'S WAR. 97
The following petition to the Governor was presented in the
year 1706, probably in the summer, as at that time the town
was engaged in settling the Reverend Mr. Bradstreet as the
To his Excellency Joseph Dudley Esq Cap'. General and Govern" in
Cheif in and over her Majestyes Province of the Massachusetts
Bay &*c. and to the Ho bte the Council and Representatives of s''
Wee the inhabitants of the Towne of Groton cannot but with all
thankfulness acknowledge the great Care that his Excy and Govern!
hath taken for our Preservation and defense in these times of danger.
Notwithstanding all which, wee have bin by our Enemy extreamly
impoverished not being capable of making those improvements which
are necessary for our subsistance, but our Outlands upon which wee
have a Considerable dependance lye neglected ; and many of us are
reduced to the Last necessity ; our Stocks are like to Suffer much in
the Winter ; and are in great fears that wee have mett w th Considerable
losses in them already from the Enemy and wee are now at Extream
Charge in the Settling of our Minister ; So that wee are greatly reduced
and impoverished ;
Wee would therefore humbly intreat that our Languishing Circum-
stances may be taken into your Consideration ; and that our propor-
tion of the Publique tax may this year be remitted to us ; and wee
hope that not only our present afflicted State but our future duty-
full deportment will be Such as may testifie for us, and afford
yo r hon rs Satisfaction in so notable an instance of Charity, and
In behalf of the Towne of Groton
IMassachusetts Archives, CXIII. 391. ]
98 QUEEN ANNE'S WAR.
The following account of a court-martial, held at Gro-
ton, has some interest from the fact that it gives the names of
a few of the men engaged in the public service at that time.
The officers composing the court-martial were undoubtedly
in command of companies in this neighborhood : -
GROTON Febr 17, 1706-7
i o clock in y e morning
May it please your Excy.
I rec'. 1 your Excy s Letter, and immediatly upon the return
of our forces this evening CalPd a Court Marshal and made perticuler
inquisitio into Waymans affair, the Coppy of which I send enclosed,
and pray your Excellencye's perticuler direction thereupon : Tarbol
who was the person who pretended the discovery altho. imprudent and
so blamable yet would begg your Excellencyes favour for him as a very
honest man willing to do service and infinitely concern'd for this ill
accident, So that the uneasiness and trouble that has posses'd him is
in it self so considerable a punishment that he seems to need no
other Gladly should wee have found out the Ringleaders of the mutin-
ous and disorderly returne but after much Examination cant effect it.
Wee all wait your Excys ord rs and shall proceed accordingly and am
Yor Exeys most obedt Servt
EPHR : HUNT.
Die Solis Ferbuary 16. 1706-7.
At a Court Marshal held at Groton By orders of his Excellency
[Joseph Dudley], -For the Tryal of Leiv! Seth Wayman, Serj! Thomas
Tarbol and Comp' 1 &c.
Col Ephraim Hunt Presid'
Cap' Jonathan Prescott. Cap' Jonas Prescott
Cap! Josiah Parker Cap' Steph. Williams
Cap! Thomas Nichols Cap' Joseph Bulkeley
Cap' Benjamin Willard.
Col Eph. Hunt the Presid! opned the Court, By declaring them-
selves by his Excellencys perticul r Ord r to be a Court Marshal for
y e Tryal of Lieu' Seth Wayman, for a false report brought by s d Way-
QUEEN ANNE'S WAR. 99
man of the discovery of the Indian Enemy near Monadnock on the
6 th instant, and for their returne home, in a mutinous disorderly man-
ner without Endeavours after a Sufficient discovery.
Liev' Seth Wayman examin'd about the sending out of his scouts
on the Sixth instant sayth that
On the Sixth instant on our incamping on Sun about an hour high
wee Sent out Two Scouts, of four men each ; One to march on the
left Wing ; the other on the Right ; To march about a mile and a half
right out upon discovery from the Noyse of our Hatchetts
He further Saith that after they had bin upon the Scout about an
hour, that he Saw both Scouts returning together, running towards our
Camp as men affrightened, and called to me at a distance to put
out our fires, for they had discover'd a Body of the Enemy. Then
Corp! Tarbol coming up to me told me that he had discover'd the
Enemy ; The first of their Camps that he discover'd, he sd the Noyse
of their Hatchetts, were as bigg as our Company, and so reached halfe
The other part of our Scout told me they had discover'd the Track
of Doggs, which they Judg'd to be Twenty or Thirty.
Corp! Tarbol conduct of the Scout March'd on the Right wing ;
being Examined concerning his discovery saith
That they took a Circuler March till they had stear'd out of the
noyse of our owne Camp ; and then thinking wee had heard the Noyse
of our owne Hatchetts, wee took another Circle to the left that wee
might be sure wee were out of the noyse of Hatchetts ; After a
short time travelling wee heard a noyse of Hatchetts, upon the left
wing on the side of a Hill which was near us upon which wee march'd
towards the Place upon discovery, and presently I discover'd a Smoak
and immediatly march'd towards it till the smoke cover'd me ;
(leaving the rest of the men behind) I then heard a great discourse
of men which I took to be Indians and French, and so it held a
Considerable way round the Hill, at least half a mile as I judged,
upon which wee return'd another way till wee came to our owne
tracks ; and then wee met with the other Scout, and upon our ac-
count to them of what wee had discov'd, they told us they had met
with a track of twenty or Thirty Doggs, which they Judg'd to be the
Enemyes Doggs, upon which we return'd together to the Camp, to
make report to our Cap' Comander and thereupon Liev! Wayman our
100 QUEEN ANNE'S WAR.
CoiTiand r call'd his Officers together, hut before he had liberty to speak
his men interrupted him ; he bid them move off, Scatter, and stand on
their Guard, upon which three quarters of our men ran away home-
wards, the Cap: Sent his Serjeants and went himself to stop them, but
could not do it, and so wee were forced to march home.
Samuel Shaddock and William Nutting of Serf Tarbol's scout con-
firm e Tarbol's account, and perticulerly that article of the disorderly
returning of our men or riming away from their Cap! upon the infor-
mation rec' 1 of this discovery.
The Examination of Samuel Scripture (Conduct of the Scout on the
left wing who saith That on the sixth of february upon our incamping
I was sent upon discovery about Sun an hour high at night to march on
the left wing, and having march'd about a mile and a quarter, wee met
with a Track which Jonathan Butterfield who was w th me thought to
have bin a bitch wolfe and her Whelps, but I thought to be Indian
Doggs, and followed their track about a quarter of a mile, and after a
small Stop wee saw Tarbols scout who call'd us away and told us they
believ'd there was a thousand Indians upon which wee hastened away
but Tarbols scout ran so fast that I could not come up with them to
und r stand what their discovery was till I came to the Cam]) ; where
Tarbol related what he had seen, all our men Crowded to hear news ;
Lieu 1 Wyman Ord r d his men to stand farther off and give room that
he might discourse his officers, upon which many of them ran away,
and the Cap' Sent Serf Parham to stop them ; Lieu' Wayman seing
his men desert him, and Tarbols men representing y c Enemy as so
very numerous thought it adviseable to draw off and accordingly wee
made the best of our way home.
The PLxam. of Jonathan Butterfield being of the scout on the Left
wing Confirmes Sam 1 Scriptures information, and tells us Lieu! Wa\ -
man talk'd of marching immediately to the Place of discovery but
many of our men moved off disorderly which the Cap' sent the
Serf." to Stopp, but could not do it and so were forced to return
Serf Jn" Parham being examin'd upon the Article of Lieu' Waymans
men's disorderly and mutinous running away sayth
That Above half of them ran away upon Tarbol's Examination
and that Leiv' Wayman sent him after them with Orders to turne
about and fire in case of an attack in the rear.
QUEEN ANNE'S WAR. 1OI
Leiv' Seth Wayman being examin'd of his proceedings upon his
receiving advice of Tarbols Scout Sayth
That upon recieving this account he incouraged his men by telling
them that they had a brave advantage of the Enemy, in that they had
discover'd them and were not themselves discover'd, and there was a
great prospect of doing Spoil upon them, and determined that four
squadrons of men which wee had stated, should fall upon four scouts
of the Enemy My officers advised me not to go on, saying it
would be presumption, and an apparent hazzard of mens lives to En-
counter so great a Company, upon which Serj' Tarbol threw down
his Cap, and offer'd himself to go if but four men would go with
him, but officers advising to the Company and many of my men
withdrawing and running away disorderly I found myself too weak to
attaque them and accordingly made the best of my way home
Court Martial at Groton. 1 6 FebT 1 706.
[Massachusetts Archives, LI. 153-157.]
At various times in its early history, the town was threat-
ened by bands of roving Indians, who did whatever damage
lay in their power to do. Such incursions kept the inhab-
itants on the alert, and from time to time companies were
organized for the purpose of scouring the neighborhood. It
was in an emergency of this kind, probably, that Lieutenant
Wayman's company was reconnoitring through the region
around and about the Monadnock Mountain.
On March 12, 1694-5, an Act was passed by the General
Court, which prohibited the desertion of frontier towns by
the inhabitants, unless permission was first granted by the
Governor and Council. There were eleven such towns, and
Groton was one of them. The law required the inhabitants
of these out-towns, who owned land or houses, to take out a
special license, on pain of forfeiting their property, before
they could quit their homes and live elsewhere. It was
thought that the interest of the Crown would be prejudiced.
102 QUEEN ANNE'S WAR.
and encouragement given to the enemy, if any of these
posts were deserted, or exposed by lessening their strength.
Many towns were threatened by the Indians about this time,
and a few were attacked. It is recorded that some of the
settlers here left the town, and there was probably a move-
ment among the inhabitants in other places to do the same.
This fact, undoubtedly, occasioned the enactment, which was
to remain in force " unto the end of the session of the gen-
eral assembly to convene in May, one thousand six hundred
ninety-six (if the present war so long last), and no longer,
A similar Act was again passed on March 22, 1699-1700,
which embraced fourteen frontier towns, of which Groton was
one, and seven other towns that " lye more open than many
others to an attack of an enemy." This enactment had a
limitation in point of time similar to the preceding one.
Subsequently this Act was revived on June 8, 1702, with the
limitation, though no towns arc specified by name ; again on
June 28, 1706, it was re-enacted, to remain in force until June
29, 1707; and still later, but not for the last time, it was
passed on June 10, 1707. This continuous legislation to
prevent the desertion of the frontiers shows clearly the un-
settled condition of the out-lying towns during Queen Anne's
War, and Groton was no exception. In the following letter,
Captain Josiah Parker refers to the law, which was passed a
month before the date of writing:
On a lecter day. Groton July 9. 1707
May it plese your Excelency I have Read your Excelencyes order
to y e Inhabitants and the law against deserting the frontiers, I could do
it no sooner for several of the inhabitants ware gon to plainfeild and
Returned yesterday, only two stayd behind ; S r one of those that
designe to Remove is the Barer & a selectman and lives on the outsid
the Towne. I thought good to send him, who can acquaint your
Excelencey who is Removed & who are meditating the same
Cap' Bulkely & h his men are gon to Lancaster and the other halfe
QUEEN ANNE'S WAR. 103
here, and do Expect a Relece thay being men of concidrable husban-
drey ; y e most of them, all y people that will worke in Companeys have
gards to Cover them to their Content, if your Excelencey Plese I
should very glad of a Relie ; I am your
Excelences most Humble
Servent JOSIAH PARKER
On Her Maj ts Service
GROTON July 9. 1707.
May it please yo r Excy.
According to yo r Excyes Cofnands wee have Sent an account of
those that are either actually remov'd, or meditating of it. Our Peo-
ple are reduc'd to that degree that they find themselves unable to
subsist any long!: Would pray your Excy either to grant Liberty for
their Remove or that they may be reduc'd here intirely to a Garrison
(of the Towne militia) for the pr e serving the frontiers ; wee thankfully
acknowledge your Excyes great Care of us hitherto, and would pray
the Continuance of your Regards, without which wee are an undon
people Wee take leave to subscribe
(may it please yo r Excy)
Your Excys most obed' Serv ls
JOSEPH LAKIN ;
To His Excelencey
The Gounour att
QUEEN ANNE'S WAR.
GROTTO N July ye 9 day 1707
of persons gon
of the persons that are consedring of going
JOSEPH LAKIN \ Se]act
IOHN FARNWORTH >
JONATHAN BOIDON )
[Massachusetts Archives, CXIII. 418-420.]
A man by the name of Brown was killed here, on June 1 1,
1/07. The affair is thus referred to in Pike's Journal, printed
in the Proceedings of the Massachusetts Historical Society,
for September, 1875 : -
Jun. ii, 1707. mr Dudley Bradstreets man was slain by the Indians
at Groton nomine Brown. (XIV. 145.)
QUEEN ANNE'S WAR. 105
During this period the savages were still skulking in the
neighborhood, doing what injury they could. The following
item, taken from "The Boston News-Lettcr," of August 25,
1707, describes an event which alarmed the people of this
On Monday last the i6th Currant, Thirteen Indians on the Fron-
tiers, surprized two men at their Labour in the Meadows at Marl-
borough, about 4 miles distant from the Body of the Town, took
them both alive ; and as they parted out of the Town, took a Woman
also in their marching off, whom they kill'd : How one of the Pris-
oners broke away in a Scuffle, and brought home the Indians Gun
and Hatchet, and acquainted the Garison and Inhabitants, who
speedily followed them, and were joyned by 20 from Lancaster,
being in all 40 odd came up with the Enemy, who were also en-
creased to 36, and on Tuesday at ten of the Clock found them, and
in two hours exchanged ten Shot a man, in which Skirmish we lost
two men, and had too slightly wounded ; and no doubt we kill'd sev-
eral of the Enemy, whose Tracts of being dragg'd away we saw, but
recover'd but one of them, tho' tis probably conjectur'd that we kill'd
10 or 12 at least ; we took 24 of their Packs, and drove them off their
ground, and are yet pursued by two Parties of the Forces from Lan-
caster and Groton, at our Forces overtaking and attacking the Enemy,
they barbarously murdered the Captive.
The people must have lived in constant dread of the In-
dians during most of Queen Anne's War. Sometimes an
outlying farmhouse was attacked and burned, some of the
inmates killed and others carried away in captivity ; some-
times the farmer was shot down while at labor in the field, or
while going or coming. This was the fate of John Shatttick,
and his son John, a young man about nineteen years of age,
who were killed May 8, 1709.
They were returning from the west side of the Nashua River,
where Mr. Shattuck owned land, and were attacked just as
they were crossing the Stony Fordway, near the present site
of Hollingsworth's paper-mills, where they were killed. At
the time of his death Mr. Shattuck was one of the selectmen
of the town. During the autumn of 1882 Messrs. Tileston
106 QUEEN ANNE'S WAR.
and Hollingsworth, of Boston, the owners of the mills, caused
a suitable stone' to be placed by the wayside, bearing the
following inscription :
NEAR THIS SPOT
A SELECTMAN OF GROTON,
HIS SON JOHN
WERE KILLED BY THE INDIANS,
MAY 8, iyog,
WHILE CROSSING STONY FORD\VAY,
JUST KELOW THE PRESENT DAM.
A remarkable fatality seems to have followed Mrs. Shat-
tuck's kindred. Her husband and eldest son were killed by
the Indians, as has just been mentioned. Her father, James
Blood, was likewise killed, September 13, 1692. So also
were her uncle, William Longley, his wife and five children,
July 27, 1694; and three others of their children were carried
away into captivity at the same time. A relative, James
Parker, Jr., and his wife were killed in this assault, and their
children taken prisoners. Her step-father, Enoch Lawrence,
received a wound in an engagement with the Indians, proba-
bly in the same attack of July 27, 1694, which almost wholly
prevented him from earning a livelihood for himself and
family. The three Tarbell children, who were carried off to
Canada by the Indians, June 20, 1/07, were cousins of Mrs.
Shattuck. John Ames, who was shot by the savages at the
gate of his own garrison, July 9, 1724, \vas the father of
Jacob, who married her niece, Ruth Shattuck. And lastly,
her son-in-law, Isaac Lakin, the husband of her daughter
QUEEN ANNE'S WAR. 107
Elizabeth, was wounded in Lovewell's Fight at Pequawket,
May 8, 1725. These calamities covered a period of only
one generation, extending from the year 1692 to 1725.
The Reverend Wilkes Allen, in his " History of Chelms-
ford " (page 35, note}, says that Major Tyng was wounded by
the Indians between Groton and Concord, some time during
the year 1711, and that he was taken to the latter town, where
Near the end of Queen Anne's War there were eighteen
garrisons in this town, containing, in all, fifty-eight families,
or three hundred and seventy-eight persons. Of this num-
ber, seventeen were soldiers in the public service. The
details are given in "A List of Frontier Garrisons Reviewed
by Order of his Excellency the Governour [Joseph Dudley],
In Novemb; 1711," as follows: -
N'> Garisons Familys Inhabit" 1 Souldiers Souls
1 Serj' Gillson 3 6 i 25
2 Deacon Whittneys 48 32
3 Lieu* Lawrance i i 2
4 Cap 1 Prescott 4 8 i 41
5 Samuel Parker 3 8 o 27
6 M r Bradstreet i i 3 10
7 M[ Hubbards 3 12 o 32
8 M; Lakins 7 9 i 30
9 Ens g Shipple 6 7 2 30
10 M r Shaddock 5 6 2 26
1 1 Corp Tarbell 4 6 2 23
1 2 M r Holdings i 3 2 12
1 3 Ensf Farnsworth 3 4 i i X
14 M r Filbrick 7 8 o 40
15 M[ Stones 2 3 o 12
1 6 Chamberlain i 4
1 7 y c Cap' Mill i i i 6
1 8 Mr Farnsworth 2218
[Massachusetts Archives, LXXI. 874.]
108 QUEEN ANNE'S WAR.
It would be interesting to identify the several sites of these
garrison-houses, but that is no\v impossible. Mr. Bradstreet's
house is the only one in the list still standing. It was built
during the year 1706, and is situated on Hollis Street; it was
occupied by A. W. Churchill when the map, - opposite to
page 247, in Mr. Butler's History was made.
Captain Prescott lived at the southerly end of the village,
on the farm known as the birthplace of Colonel William
Prescott. Mr. Hubbard or Hobart, as commonly written
dwelt on the site of the Baptist Meeting-house. Mr. Lakin's
house was probably in the neighborhood of the cemetery,
and Ensign Shepley's stood near by, on the Martin's Pond
road. Mr. " Shaddock " was perhaps William Shattuck, who
lived in the vicinity of XVattle's Pond; and Corporal Tarbell's
farm is now occupied by James Lawrence. Captain Pres-
cott's mill at the Forge Village, now in Westford, is evidently
meant by " y e Cap 1 Mill."
An allusion is made probably to some one captured during
Queen Anne's War, in the following extract from the account
of a " Missionary Tour in Maine," written in the year 1/98,
by the Reverend Paul Coffin, and printed in the fourth volume
of the " Collections of the Maine Historical Society: "
Mr. Russel of Canaan [Maine] told me he lived in an house at
Groton, the owner of which was captivated by the indians, about
ninety years past and brought to Norridgwogg, where he built the first
Moss-house which the indians and French first had there. This
pleased his new masters so well that they gave him his redemption.
(Pages 379, 380.)
QUEEN ANNE'S WAR. 109
IN a list of prisoners held by the French and Indians in
Canada, March 5, 1710-11, are the names of " Zech : Tarbal,
John Tarbal, Sarah Tarbal, Matt. Farnsworth [and] Lydia
Longley" (Archives, LXXI. 765), all of Groton, though no
date of capture is given. Lydia Longley was taken by the
Indians on July 27, 1694, and the particulars of her case have
already been told. The Tarbell children were carried off on
June 2O, 1707; but it is unknown when Matthias Farnsworth
was captured, and this entry appears to be the only record of
the fact. Sarah, John, and Zechariah were children of Thomas
and Elizabeth (Wood) Tarbell, who, with a large family, lived
on Farmers' Row, near where James Lawrence's house now
stands. Sarah was a girl nearly fourteen years of age, John
a lad of twelve years, and Zechariah only seven, at the time
when they were taken. They were near kindred of the
Longley family, who had been massacred thirteen years
before. The father was unquestionably the Corporal Tarbell
who commanded, in the autumn of 1711, one of the eighteen
garrisons in the town.
The story of their capture and captivity is a singular one,
and sounds like a romance. They were picking cherries early
one evening, so tradition relates, and were taken before
they had time to get down from the tree. It should be borne
in mind that the date of capture, according to the new style
of reckoning, was July i, when cherries would be ripe enough
to tempt the appetite of climbing youngsters. These children
were carried to Canada, where, it would seem, they were
treated kindly, as no inducement afterward was strong enough
to make them return permanently to their old home. The
girl, Sarah, was sold to the French, and placed in a convent at
Lachine, near Montreal ; but what became of her subsequently
I am unable to say.
HO QUEEN ANNE'S WAR.
Thomas Tarbcll, the father of these children, made his will
September 26, 1715, which was admitted to probate six weeks
later, and is now on file at the Middlesex Probate Office in
East Cambridge. After making certain bequests to different
members of his family, he says :
all the rest & residue of my Reall Estate I give to be Equally di-
vided between my three children, John, Zachary, & Sarah Tarbell,
upon their return from Captivity, or In Proportion unto any of them
that shall return, & the rest, or the parts belonging to them that do not
return, shall be Equally divided among the rest of my children.
During my visit to Montreal in the summer of 1877 I saw,
at the Congregation of Notre Dame, the French record, of
which the following is a translation :
On Monday, July 23, 1708, the ceremony of baptism was per-
formed on Sarah Tarbell, who was born at Groton in New England,
October 9, 1693. Her parents were Thomas Tarbell and Elizabeth
Wood, both Protestants, and she was baptized by the minister shortly
after her birth. Having been taken by the savages on Monday, June
20, 1707, she was brought to Canada; she has since been sold, and
has lived with the Sisters of the Congregation of Notre Dame, estab-
lished at Lachine, where she abjured her religion on May i. Her
godfather was M. Jacques Urbain Robert de Lamorandiere, Secretary
of M. 1'Intendant ; and her godmother was Madame Marguerite Bonat,
wife of M. Etienne Pascaud, the deputy treasurer of the King in this
Her name Sarah has been changed to Marguerite.
[Signed] MG TF - BONAT.
The boys remained for many years with their captors at
Caughnawaga, an Indian village on the right bank of the St.
Lawrence River, directly opposite to Lachine.
QUEEN ANNE'S WAR. I I I
It is supposed that they left this place about the year 1760,
when they moved up the river, in order to establish another
In the year 1713 John Stoddard and John Williams were
appointed by Governor Joseph Dudley, to go to Quebec and
treat with the Governor-General of Canada for the release
of the New England prisoners. They were accompanied
by Thomas Tarbell, probably the elder brother of the
boys, and we find his petition presented to the House of
Representatives, June I, 1715, "praying consideration and
allowance for his Time and Expences in going to Canada,
with Major Stoddard & Mr. Williams, Anno 1713, to re-
cover the Captives."
The petition was referred, and, on the next day,
Capt. Noyes from the Committee for Petitions, made Report on
the Petition of Thomas Tarboll, viz. That they are of Opinion that
nothing is due from the Province to the said Tarboll, since he pro-
ceeded as a Volunteer in that Service to Canada, & not imployed by
the Government, but recommended him to the favour of the House.
The report was accepted, and, in consideration of Tarbell's
services, he was allowed ten pounds out of the public treasury.
Captain Stoddard's Journal, giving an account of the nego-
tiations, is printed in " The New England Historical and
Genealogical Register" (v. 26), for January, 1851, and
Tarbell's name is mentioned in it.
We find no further trace of these boys, now grown up to
manhood, during the twenty-five years following this attempt
to release the New England prisoners. In the winter of 1739
John and Zechariah Tarbell came back to Groton in order to
visit their kinsfolk and see their native town. They were so
young when carried away that their recollections of the place
were of course very indistinct. It is not known now under
what circumstances or influences they returned. An itemized
bill of the expense incurred in bringing them back from
112 QUEEN ANNE'S WAR.
Canada was made out against their brothers, Thomas and
Samuel, and perhaps paid by them. Shortly afterward Thom-
as Tarbell petitioned the General Court for means to enable
him to meet the necessary charges of the journey, besides
the expenses of an interpreter ; and a conditional loan was
granted. The record does not say whether it was ever paid
back by him. The papers relating to the subject are as
I)' Mess"? Thomas 6* Samuel Tharbell to William Rogers Jun r C'
Jan ry To 5o'! J Biskett 10 3
40 Ib Pork a 7 '' 1:34
ii Gall s Brandy 8 9
8 blanketts Stroucls each q s 2.V I ,
\ 6 10
Ells a 6 6 p Ell )
To Lodging Victu! &: 9 days a j- each i 16 o
To Horse Hire to Kinderhook & expenc e 1 5 9
To Lodging Victu 1 &f at Westenhook 7 2
To horse Hire from Westfield to Gro" 10
N. York mony \2 \ 3
at 200 p C advance 24 2 6
To Cash paid Expences at Glasco ) ,.
[Blandford] N. E. M[oney]. )*
To d? paid d'.' at Westfield 10
To d? paid d and Horse Hire at
To d.' paid d'.' at Lambs between ~\
Springfield and Kingstown V 66
To d.' at M r Ashleys i 7 2
To d? paid at Howards & Richerdsons i 2
To d: 1 paid at M r Huberds 14 6
To d" paid at Boston &" ~\_} 5
[Amount carried forward, ^44 M 9]
QUEEN ANNE'S WAR. 113
[Amottnt brought forward, ^44 *4 9]
To my Trouble for bringing your ~\
Brothers from Canada to Albany I
& here, from y e io'. h feb7 to [
April 27'!' is 77 days at 2O/
ji2i M 9
1739 Boston April ig'I 1 Errors Excepted
p WILLIAM ROGERS Jun'
[Massachusetts Archives, XV. A 15, 16.]
\ To His Excellency Jonathan Belcher Esq Gov
Province of the f ^, 7 . , -,, TT ,, ,, -,,, T r j- n .
> Chief The fforr Council! 6* House of Rep'"'
Massachusetts Bay I . J
J in Generall Court Assembled Apr ill 23'' 1739
The Petition of Thomas Tarbell of Groton Elder Brother To his
Two Unfortunate Brothers Taken into Captivity in the former Wars
That he does with utmost thankfullness acknowledge The Great
favour of this Court Expressed towards his said Brothers and for y"
Great encouragement you have been pleased to give In order to Excite
them to come over & settle amongst us
But in as much as the Charges of their coming down and y e Inter-
preter who attended them amounts To one hundred 6* Twenty one
pound 14 9 [The italicised words in the petition are erased, and
" fourty pound new tennor Bill " interlined.] which your petitioner
must Pay & not being in a Capacity to Raise so much mony at this
time he most humbly prays your Excellency & Hon rs would of your
Great Goodness be pleased to make him a Grant of so much or to
allow him to receive y e same out of the Publick Treasury and Grant
him such time for Repaymt thereof again as to your Excellency &
Hon rs in your great Goodness shall seem meet, your petitioners giving
good security therefor & as in Duty bound shall Ever pray &c
[Massachusetts Archives, XV. A 17.]
In the House of Rep rfs April 24"'' 1739.
Read and in answer to this petition
Voted that Mr Treasurer ffoye be & hereby is impowered and
directed to advance to the petitioner Thomas Tarbell the sum of
114 QUEEN ANNE'S WAR.
Thirty Nine pounds Eleven shillings and seven pence out of the
publick Treasury provided the said Tarbell give good security for re-
imbursing the Treasury the said sum within the space of two years at
the farthest, in Case his two Brothers do not within that time return
with their ffamilics & dwell among us in this Government
Sent up for Concurrence
J. Quixcv Sp* r
In Council April 24 1739 Read and Nonconcured.
SIMON FROST Dep' Sec ry
[Massachusetts Archives, XV. A 17.]
In the House of Representatives April 21. 1739
In Consideration of that Clause in His Excellency's speech for
inducing some English Captives lately come from Canada to return
hither again by giving them some proper Encouragement Ordered
that the sum of Forty pounds new tenor bills be granted & allowed
to be paid out of the publick Treasury to Joseph Kellogg Esq' and by
him to be paid and disposed of to & for the use of the two Captives
viz' John Tharbell and Zechariah Tharbell in the following Manner
viz 1 Sixteen pounds thirteen shillings & four pence part thereof to be
laid out at their discretion as a present to their wives in the purchase
of such things as they are desirous of, and that the like sum of sixteen
pounds thirteen shillings & four pence be given to be at their own
disposal!, and the remainder thereof viz. six pounds thirtteen shillings
& four pence be given them to bear their charges homewards
and further the assurance of this Government is hereby given them
that if they shall return with their Families to live among us they shall
be put & kept in the pay of the province as Soldiers at Fort Dummer
during Life to give them bread for their Families without being obliged
to the duty of the Garison only behaving themselves peaceably and
Orderly among us ; and that each of them shall have a right in some
new township, or two hundred acres of Land a piece for an Inherit-
ance to them, and their heirs, where it shall be found most fit and
convenient and also that on their return again with their ffamilies to
dwell here as aforesaid this Government will pay to their Brethren
namely Thomas & Samuel Tharbell the am" of Mr William Rogers Junr
QUEEN ANNE'S WAR. 115
his accompt for the Charge of their Journey down & now exhibited
being forty pounds, eleven shillings & seven pence
Sent up for Concurrence
J. QUINCY Sp kr
In Council April 24. i 739
Read and Concurr'd
25 : Consented to, J WILLARD Secry
[Massachusetts Archives, XV. A 18, 19.]
On April 20 Governor Belcher brought the case of these
captives to the attention of the Council and the House of
Representatives ; and this action on his part prompted the
petition of Thomas Tarbell. The Governor then made a
speech, in which he said:
There are lately come from Canada some Persons that were taken
by the Indians from Groton above thirty Years ago, who (its believed)
may be induced to return into this Province, on your giving them
some proper Encouragement : If this Matter might be effected, I
should think it would be not only an Act of Compassion in order
to reclaim them from the Errors and Delusions of the Romish
Faith ; but their living among us might, in Time to come, be of great
Advantage to the Province.
This subject was referred the same day to a Committee
consisting of John Read, of Boston, William Fairfield, of
Wenham, Thomas Wells, of Deerfield, Benjamin Browne, of
Salem, and Job Almy, of Tiverton. On the next day, April
21 as we read in the printed Journal of the House of
Representatives the chairman of
The Committee appointed to consider that Paragraph in His Ex-
cellency's SPEECH relating to the Encouragement of two English
Captives from Canada, viz. John Tharbell and Zechariah Tharbell,
made report thereon, which he read in his Place, and then delivered
it at the Table ; and after some debate thereon, the House did not
accept the Report ; and having considered the "same Article by Article,
Il6 QUEEN ANNE'S WAR.
the House came into a Vote thereon, and sent the same up to the
honourable Board for Concurrence.
On the 23d, we find
A Petition of Thomas Tharbell of Groton, Elder Brother of the
t\vo Mr. Tharbclls lately returned from Captivity in Canada, praying
he may be allowed the Loan of some Money to enable him to pay
William Rogers, jun. his Account of Charges in bringing his Brethren
to Boston. Read and Ordered, That the Petition be considered to
On the next day,
The House pass'd a Vote on the Petition of Thomas Tharbell of
Groton, praying as entred the 23d current, and sent the same up to
the honourable Board for Concurrence.
All these efforts, however, to reclaim the two men from
savage life proved unavailing; for it is known that they re-
mained with the Indians and became naturalized, if I may
use the expression. They married Indian wives, and were
afterward made chiefs at Caughnawaga and St. Regis, vil-
lages in Canada. Their descendants are still living among
the Indians, and the Tarbells of the present day, in this town,
are their collateral kindred. Nearly forty years after their
capture, Governor Hutchinson met them in New York State,
and in his " History of the Province of Massachusetts Bay ''
refers to them thus : -
I saw at Albany two or three men, in the year i 744, who came
in with the Indians to trade, and who had been taken at Groton in
this, that is called Queen Ann's war. One of them - Tarbell,
was said to be one of the wealthiest of the Cagnawaga tribe. He
made a visit in his Indian dress and with his Indian complexion (for
by means of grease and paints but little difference could be discerned)
to his relations at Groton, but had no inclination to remain there.
This is another account from " The Galaxy " magazine, for
January, 1870: -
QUEEN ANNE'S WAR. II 7
It is related that, about a century and a half ago, while a couple of
boys and a girl were playing in a barn at Groton, Massachusetts,
some Indians suddenly appeared, seized the boys and fled, carrying
them to the village of Caughnawaga, nine miles above Montreal,
where they grew up with the Indian habits, manners, and language,
being finally adopted as members of the tribe ; and married Indian
brides selected from the daughters of the principal chiefs. (IX. 124.)
Some years after this time, these two young men now oc-
cupying the position of chiefs moved up the St. Lawrence
River, accompanied by several others, all with their families,
and established the village of St. Regis. This Indian settle-
ment is pleasantly situated on the right bank of the St. Law-
rence, the boundary line which separates the State of New
York from Canada running through it. From its peculiar
position, it was agreed, during the last war with England, that
the Indians should remain neutral, but the compact was
often broken. In the summer of 1852 the tribe numbered
about eleven hundred persons, of whom it is said that not one
was of pure Indian origin.
Many interesting facts concerning the Tarbells at St. Regis
are found in the " History of St. Lawrence and Franklin
Counties, New York" (Albany, 1853), by Dr. Franklin B.
Hough. A part of the village comes within the limits of
Franklin County; and the author has gathered up some
of the stories still told about these two brothers in that
neighborhood. He gives the following accounts, which arc
largely traditional, but with some truth at the bottom :
About a hundred and thirty years ago, three children (a girl about
twelve or thirteen years of age, and two younger brothers) were play-
ing together in a barn, in the town of Groton, Massachusetts, and
being absent from the house longer than was expected, their mother
became solicitous about them, and went to find them. The girl was
lying on the floor, with a limb broken, and the boys were missing.
She related that seeing some Indians coming, she fled to the upper
part of the barn, and fell by accident from the beams above, and that
Il8 QUEEN ANNE'S WAR.
they had seized the two boys and carried them away. The stealthy
manner of this seizure, and the time that had elapsed, forbade pursuit
with any hope of success, and the distracted parents were left to mourn
the loss without consolation or hope. The probable motive for the
seizure of these children was the expectation that a bounty would be
offered for their ransom ; or perhaps they might be exchanged for
As afterwards appeared, these boys were taken by the Caughnawaga
Indians to their village near Montreal, where they were adopted as
their own children, growing up in habits, manners, and language
as Indians, and in due time they married the daughters of chiefs of
that tribe. The names of these chiefs were Sa-kon-en-tsi-ask and
But they possessed the superiority of intellect and enterprise which
belonged to their race ; and this led to a series of petty quarrels,
growing out of the jealousy of the young Indians of their age, which
disquieted the village, and by the party spirit which it engendered,
became a source of irritation and trouble in the settlement, and of
anxiety on the part of their missionary, who labored in vain to
reconcile the difficulties between them.
Failing in this, he advised the two young men (one of whom they
had named Ka-re-ko-wa) to remove with their families to a place by
themselves, where they might enjoy tranquillity, and be beyond the
reach of annoyance from their comrades.
This advice they adopted ; and taking with them their wives, and
followed by their wives' parents, these four families departed in a bark
canoe, with their effects, to seek in a new country, and in the secluded
recesses of the forest, a home.
They coasted along up the St. Lawrence, and at length arrived at
the delightful point on which the village of St. Regis now stands, where
they landed and took possession.
The name of these youths, was TARBELL, and their descendants
have always resided at St. Regis, and some of them have been dis-
tinguished as chiefs and headmen of the tribe. One of these named
Lesor Tarbell, and a son of his name, was a prominent chief, about
fifty years since, and very much esteemed by the whites for his
prudence, candor, and great worth of character.
The name of Tarbell is said to be very common in Groton to
QUEEN ANNE'S WAR. 119
Another traditional version of the account differs in some particulars
from that just related, and is as follows :
Three lads and an elder sister were playing together in a field,
when they were suq)rised by a small party of Indians. One of the
boys escaped, but the rest were seized, and marched that day about
fourteen miles into the woods, towards Canada, when it coming on
dark, they came to a halt, and camped for the night. Thinking their
prisoner secure, the Indians were less watchful than usual, and finally
all fell asleep.
The girl, about twelve years old, kept awake, and seeing the rest
asleep, her first thought was to awaken her brothers, and attempt to
escape ; but fearing to disturb the Indians, should she attempt this, and
thus prevent any possibility of escape, she crept carefully out from
among them, and struck off in the direction of her home, which she
at length reached after undergoing great hardship.
One of the lads on growing up went off to the northwest ; the other
married, and subsequently, with his wife and one or two other families,
moved off, and made the first settlement at St. Regis.
From the abundance of partridges which the thicket afforded they
called it AK-WIS-SAS-NE, " where the partridge drums," and this name it
These families were living very peaceably together, and had made
small clearings for cornfields, when they were joined by Father
Anthony Gordon, a Jesuit from Caughnawaga, with a colony of these
Indians, in 1760.
The year of this settlement is known by the fact that they were met,
near Coteau du Lac, by Lord Amherst, who was descending the St.
Lawrence, to complete the conquest of Canada. Gordon named the
place ST. REGIS. (Pages 111-113.)
In former years the St. Regis Indians had certain rights in
a land reservation in the State of New York ; and more than
once treaties were made between the Governor of the State
and the chiefs of the tribe, among whom were descendants of
these Tarbell boys. A treaty was signed on February 20,
1818, in behalf of the Indians, by Loran Tarbell and Thomas
Tarbell, and two other chiefs. Another treaty was signed on
September 23, 1825, by eleven chiefs and trustees of the
120 QUEEN ANNE'S WAR.
tribe, including Peter Tarbell, Thomas Tarbell, Mitchel Tar-
bell, Louis Tarbell, and Battice Tarbell. Some of these
names, I am sure, will sound familiar to the older inhabitants
of Groton. It is very likely that Battice is the same as Sabat-
tis, an Indian name, which is said to be a corruption of Saint
Dr. Hough writes about one of the earlier members of the
family as follows :
A half breed Indian, who usually was known as PETER THE BIG
SPEAK, was a son of Lesor Tarbell, one of the lads who had been
stolen a\vay from Groton by the Indians, and who subsequently be-
came one- of the first settlers who preceded the founding of St.
He was a man of much address and ability as a speaker, and was
selected as the mouthpiece of the tribe on the more important occasions
that presented themselves. (Page 182.)
The statement is wrong, however, that Lesor was the name
of one of the captured boys. It is perfectly well known that
their names were John and Zechariah, but it is not improb-
able that one of their sons was named Lesor. If this was the
case, it was intended, doubtless, for Eleazer, the name of their
youngest brother, who was less than two months old when
they were carried off. It certainly would be a very touching
tribute to their childish recollections if they had remembered
this little babe at home, and carried him in their thoughts for
so many years.
In the year 1772 the Reverend Mr. Ripley and Lieutenant
Taylor went on a mission to Canada, in order to induce some
Indian children to join the Charity School at Hanover, New
Hampshire. They returned September 21, bringing with
them eight boys from Caughnawaga, and two from Lorette,
a village near Quebec. Among these lads was a descendant
of one of the Tarbell captives. An account of this visit to
Canada is given in the appendix to a pamphlet entitled " A
Continuation of the Narrative of the Indian Charity School,"
QUEEN ANNE'S WAR. 121
by Eleazer Whcelock, D. D., and published in the year 1773.
The following extract is taken from it :
The same day a council of the chiefs of that tribe [Caughnawaga]
was called to consider of the proposal of sending their children to this
school, which Mr. Ripley had left to their consideration, in which they
were to a man agreed in the affirmative, and acknowledged with grati-
tude the benevolence and kindness of their offer : They continued
united and firm to the last in that determination against the most warm
and zealous remonstrances of their priest, both in public and private ;
in consequence of which determination, nine of their boys were made
ready to accompany Mr. Ripley hither ; three of which were children
or descendants from captives, who had been captivated when they
were young, and lived with them, till they were naturalized and married
among them. One was a descendant from Rev. Mr. Williams who was
captivated from Deerfield in 1 704, but the boy was taken sick with the
measles, and thereby his coming was prevented ; but may be expected
in the spring. Another was a descendant from Mr. Tarbull, who was
captivated from Groton, in the year 1700 [1707?], who is now a
hearty and active man, and the eldest chief, and chief speaker of the
tribe. He expressed great affection to his relations in New-England,
sent his love to them, and desired they might be informed that he had
a grandson at this school. The other was son to Mr. Stacey, who was
captivated from Ipswich, and is a good interpreter for that tribe.
(Pages 39, 40.)
Another reference to the same subject is found in the
first volume of Farmer & Moore's " Collections," published
at Concord, New Hampshire, in the year 1822. It is as
In 1772, Rev. SYLVANUS RIPLEY and Lt. JOSEPH TAYLOR, who acted
as interpreter, went on a mission to the Indian tribes in Canada.
They returned to Hanover on the 2ist of September, and brought
with them ten children from those tribes, to receive an education in
the school at Dartmouth College. Two of these children were taken
by the Indians in former wars, while they were young, and were
brought up in the language and customs of the natives. One of them
was a grandson, about eight years old, of a Mr. Tarbell, who was
122 QUEEN AXNE'S WAR.
taken from Groton, in Massachusetts, in the year 1704 [1707?], when
he was about ten years old. Mr. Tarbell was then in vigorous health
and the oldest chief in the village. He expressed much joy in seeing
Messrs. Ripley and Taylor, and earnestly encouraged his grandson in
leaving his Indian relatives to receive the benefits of education.
There was another youth, a grandson of Mrs. Eunice Williams, who
was taken captive with her father, the Rev. John Williams, of Deer-
field, Feb. 29, 1 704, that would have accompanied them, but was
prevented by indisposition. (Pages 63, 64.)
A Frenchman by the name of Fovel visited St. Regis in
the year 1826, and induced one of the Tarbell family, whose
Indian name was Joseph Torakaron, to accompany him to
Europe. Torakaron was to travel in the character of an
Indian chief, and Fovel was to act as interpreter and agent.
The story is thus told by Dr. Hough, in his History:
In 1826, a young Frenchman, by the name of Fovel, who had been
for some time at Montreal, visited St. Regis, and induced one Joseph
Torakaron, (sometimes known by his English name of Tarbell,) to con-
sent to accompany him to Europe. Torakaron was to travel in the
character of an Indian chief, (which office he then held at St. Regis,)
and his companion in that of interpreter, solicitor, treasurer, and
agent. The motives held out to the chief were, that they should be
able to obtain donations for the endowment of their church, and
doubtless large sums as presents to themselves. Having made all
necessary arrangements, and being furnished with letters from St.
Regis, Montreal and Quebec, certifying the standing of Torakaron at
home, the two proceeded by way of New York and Havre, to Paris.
The conductor here obtained an interview with Charles X, and so
favorable an impression was made upon the mind of the king, that he
presented them with three fine paintings, and a large sum in money,
and other valuable articles.
Thence they proceeded by way of Marseilles, to Rome, and
obtained an interview with the pope.
During a conversation, the pope asked the Indian if he could
converse in another language than his own, and finding him able to
use the English and French to some degree, he invited him to a
QUEEN ANNE'S WAR. 123
second interview alone. The result was, that a set of books and silver
plate, for the service of the church, a rosary of jewels and gold, worth
it is said $1400, and other articles of value, were given him. They
thence returned to Marseilles, where they spent the winter, and in
1828 returned by way of Paris and Havre to New York. Here the
treasurer, or interpreter, or whatever else he might be called, evinced
his true character by absconding with every article of value, except
the rosary and paintings, leaving Torakaron without means even to
return home. He was enabled to do so through the charity of friends,
and the paintings were soon after deposited in their destined place.
Two are now at St. Regis, and the third in the church at Caughna-
waga. Of the former, those who visit the church will recognize in a
painting over the altar, the portrait of St. Regis, and in the one to the
left, near the pulpit, that of St. Francois Xavier. (Page 166.)
In the summer of 1877 I visited St. Regis, where I met a
grandson of one of the Tarbell captives. He was more than
eighty years old, and could speak only Indian ; and I had
to talk with him through an interpreter. I learned that
he was aware that his grandfather had been taken when
a boy, from a town near Boston, and that he had kinsfolk
still living there. What interested me exceedingly was the
physical resemblance between him and some of his collateral
relations, who lived and died at Squannacook within my
recollection. He was a man of ordinary size, with a sunburnt
face and gray hair, though somewhat bald. There was but
little appearance of Indian blood in his veins, and he would
have passed anywhere for a good-looking old man. He lived
with one of his sons in a small house that was clapboarded
and painted, and one of the best in the village, where,
surrounded by his grandchildren, he was passing the declining
years of his life in comfortable ease.
I was also interested to learn from the Reverend Francis
Marcoux, the parish priest, that the Tarbells were among the
most prominent families of the settlement, where there are,
perhaps, forty persons who bear the name. They keep up,
124 QUEEN ANNE'S WAR.
in a great measure, the same given names that are common
among their kindred in this neighborhood. The inhabitants
of St. Regis, for the most part, retain the English names of
their fathers, and besides, have Indian ones.
In tracing the career of these boys and their descendants
down nearly to the present time, the account sounds more
like fiction than the sober truth of history. The trail of their
adventures is covered up with so many improbabilities that
the mere narration of them excites marvel and wonder.
During the War of the Rebellion, Louis Tarble, a son of
Thomas, of St. Regis, who was descended from one of the
captives, served two years in the Thirty-fourth New York
Volunteers, and subsequently in the Eleventh United States
Infantry. After his discharge from the army he died at
Norway, Herkimer County, New York.
During the present summer of 1883 Mr. Lawrence, the
owner of the Tarbell farm, proposes to place in the wall by
the wayside a stone bearing this inscription :
NEAR THIS SPOT
SARAH, JOHN, AND ZECHARIAH TARBELL
WERE CAPTURED 15Y THE INDIANS,
JUNE 20, 1707.
THEY WERE TAKEN TO CANADA WHERE
THE SISTER WAS PLACED IN A CONVENT.
THE BROTHERS BECAME CHIEFS OF THE
COUGHNAWAGA TRIBE , AND WERE AMONG
THE FOUNDERS OF ST. REGIS WHERE
THEY HAVE DESCENDANTS NOW LIVING.
l88 3 .
DURING the summer of 1723 "the Indian enemy" as
the early settlers were wont to call them still threatened
the western frontier towns. On August 16, 1723, according
to the printed Journal of the House of Representatives,
Lieutenant-Governor Dummer, at that time the acting Gov-
ernor of the Province, was desired immediately to order
detachments of men, varying from three to six, from the
inhabitants of the several towns along the line of outer set-
tlements, to be constantly employed in scouting and ranging
the woods in their respective towns ; and under this order
Groton was to have six. On August 24 it was ordered by
the House of Representatives, that these scouts should be
placed under the direction of the chief military officer of the
several towns, and such officer should receive five shillings a
week for his services. Owing to informalities in the matter,
a dispute arose between the House and the Lieutenant-
Governor, who within two days sent two messages to that
body, and some slight modifications were made in the original
draft. Lieutenant Jabez Fairbanks, of Lancaster, commanded
the company which included the Groton men. The follow-
ing document gives a list of his men at the beginning of the
LANCASTER December y e 2 th 1723
May it plese your Hon er I have in observance of your Hon rs order
Inlisted fifteen able bodyed men fit for service & haue sent the List of
them herewith to your Hon r with y e List of those that ware in y e ser-
vice before and haue put them on duity : we haue made no decovery
of y e Inemy as yet : the barer is one that is in the service & is Capable
if your Hon r Seas Case to demand : to give a full account of our
management your Humble
Servant JABEZ FAIRBANKS
To y e Hon" William Dumer Esq Left Govener & for His Majesties
service, by M r Edward Hartwell
A List of the Names of y e Soldiers first enlisted in Lancaster
Groaton & Dunstable
Benjamin Houghton junr
The names of those last in Listed
LANCASTER December the 2th 1723
[Massachusetts Archives, LXXII. 144, 145.]
DUMMER'S WAR. 127
On December 7, 1723, the House of Representatives passed
the account of Colonel Joseph Buckminster, for going and
sending expresses, on public business, between Boston and
Groton and other towns ; and fifty-five shillings were allowed
for the service. On the same day the sum of ^94 los. was
allowed for paying the company under the command of Ser-
geant Edward Hartwell, made up of scouts at Groton, Shrews-
bury, and Lancaster, and the further sum of 40 $s. gd. for the
subsistence of the men ; and the money was to be placed in the
hands of Benjamin Prescott, of Groton, for his disbursement.
This company of scouts was the one raised by Lieutenant
Fairbanks. On December 10, a petition was presented from
Jonathan Hubbard, of Groton, praying that he might be paid
& 4-r. for entertaining Samuel Barnard, a trooper belonging
to Captain Bowman's company, who was taken sick at his
house, while in the public service ; and the committee, to
whom the matter was referred, made a report recommending
The military company at this post, during the campaigns of
1723 and 1724, was composed of soldiers principally from
Groton, Lancaster, and Dunstable, and commanded by
Lieutenant Fairbanks. Some of them were detailed as
guards to protect the more exposed garrisons, and others
were scouting in the neighborhood. They were so scattered
that the commanding officer found it difficult to drill them
as a company. Fortunately, however, they were not engaged
in much fighting, though the enemy had been lurking about
and threatening the town.
The following Groton men are borne on the rolls of
Lieutenant Fairbanks's company, June 18, 1724, and repre-
sent some of the most influential families at that time. The
period of their service is given, with the amount of their
128 UUMMER'S WAR.
Phinias Parker, Serj!
25 to Jan. 12
Jon? Shipley, Sent! 1
Jo s Blood
Ja s Shaduck
,, ,, ,,
Nath 1 Lawrance
Jon' 1 Shepley, Serj!
3 >' "
Tho s Chamberlin
Mich 1 Gillson
[Massachusetts Archives, XCI.
The following letters from the commanding officer, to
Lieutenant-Governor William Dummer, show how these
scouts were employed during a part of their service : -
GROTON May 28 th 1724.
May it please your Honour
I have Posted the men Committed to my care at the Towns of
Lancaster Groton Dunstable & Turkey Hill [Lunenburg] according
to your Honours Orders ; and Improve them in the best manner I
can for the protection of the People & Discovery of the enemy and
I think to General Satisfaction I have ordered one man to M r
[Benjamin] Prescotts Garrison During his attendance on the Court.
I beg leave further to acquaint your Honour that y ' people in these
Towns apprehend themselves in Great Danger, and cannot (in my
humble opinion) be in any measure safe with so small a number of
I am your Honours Humble
& most obedient Serv'
(Massachusetts Archives, LXXII. 176.]
DUMMER'S WAR. 129
LANCASTER, July if 1724.
May it please your Honour.
I recieved your Letter the Last night in the evening, and not before
tho' I suppose I might have had it sooner had the bearer pleased,
Your Honour is pleased in your Letter to give me my choice of
A Lieutenants Post in Groton or Turkey Hills or A Serjeants at
Lancaster. I am sensible that Serjeants Pay in Town would be as
Profitable as to keep constantly abroad, but yet upon Some Consid-
erations I choose to Abide in the Post I am, and to go to Groton.
I return my thanks to your Honour for the choice you have given
me. I would Inform your Honour that on Monday Last I sent A
Scout to Rutland who Returned yesterday and gave me an Account
that In the way they discovered the tracks of four or five Indians
bearing towards Wochoosett who they Judged had been gone 2 or 3
days. Yesterday Part of Groton men & Part of this Town went out
for the week to range above the Towns to see what Discovery they
could make, and I am my self this Day going out with what men I
can Raise to see what I can discover. I desire the favour of your
Honour, That the souldiers now under my Command in Lancaster
and Groton might have the Liberty of abiding with me or of being
Dismist. If it be your Honours Pleasure to let Edward Hartwell who
hath been a Serjeant under me Abide still in that Post in this Town I
should take it as a favour. I stand ready to attend your Honours
Orders & Command and am Si
Your Humble Sen-ant
[Massachusetts Archives, LIT. 9 ]
GROTON July 2o th 1724.
May it please your Honour
I have attended your orders in posting the men at the Towns of
Groton Lancaster & Turkey hill precisely except at Turkey Hill
there is but eleven men Cap' Stevens having not as yet sent so many
as ordered & I have Taken my post at Groton where I Improve the
Souldiers in the best manner I can agreeable to your orders, & have
ordered them to Lodge in some of y most Exposed Garrisons as often
as may be, but I find it impossible to Improve So Small a number of
men So as to answer y? Necessities of the people here, whose circum-
130 DUMMER'S WAR.
stances are So verry Difficult and Distressing that I am not able fully
to Represent to your Honour.
the poor people are many of them obliged to keep their own Gar-
risons and part of them Imployed as Guards while others are at their
Labour whose whole Time would be full Little enough to be expended
in getting bread for their families. My own Garrison at Lancaster is
very much exposed & with Humble Submission I think Requires Pro-
tection as much as any in that Town, therefore I Humbly pray your
Honour would be pleased to give me Leave to post a Souldier
there Dureing my absence in the service of the province I beg your
Honours Pardon for giving you this Trouble ; and as[k] Leave to
Subscribe my Selfe
Your most Obedient Humble Serv 1
[Massachusetts Archives, LII. 17.]
For some Journals, kept in this neighborhood by Lieu-
tenant Fairbanks during the years 1723 and 1724, see Massa-
chusetts Archives, XXXVIII. A 49-54, 56-65.
Colonel Tyng writes, July 23, 1724, from Dunstable, to
Lieutenant-Governor William Dummer, that he has sent ten
men of his company to Groton, agreeably to orders, and that
he is going himself "to dispose the 10 men there." (Archives,
In the printed Journal of the House of Representatives,
May 28, 1725, is found the petition of Dr. Blasdell, asking
that an allowance be made for his professional services during
this campaign. It is as follows :
A Petition of Henry Blasdell of Groton, shewing that by Virtue of
a Warrant from Col. Goffe he served as Surgeon to the Western
Forces from the loth of September to the 6th of December past, being
twelve Weeks and three Days, for which Service and the Medicines
he administered to the Forces in the Service of the Province, he
thinks he deserves Twenty six Pounds Fourteen Shillings for the
Reasons mentioned in the Petition, and praying that the same may be
allowed him out of the publick Treasury.
It is recorded in the same Journal, June 1 1, 1725 : -
DUMMER'S WAR. 131
On the Petition of Henry Blasdell of Groton, a Surgeon Impressed
into the Service by Col. Edmund Goffe, praying as entred the 28/// of
May last, which was read and Accepted, and Resolved, That the Sum
of Seventeen Pounds, Nine Shillings be allowed and paid out of the
publick Treasury to Dr. Henry Blasdell for his Wages, Druggs
and Medicines in the Service of the Province as mentioned in the
Penhallow, in " The History of the Wars of New-England,"
speaking of the Indians at this period, says : -
The next damage they did was at Groton, but were so closely
pursued, that they left several of their Packs behind. (Page 102.;
It was on Thursday, July 9, 1724, that John Ames was
shot by an Indian, one of a small party that attacked
his garrison in the northwesterly part of the town. Ames
lived on the north side of the Nashua River, a short dis-
tance below the Hollingsworth paper-mills. He is said to
be the last person killed by an Indian within the township.
The Indian himself was immediately afterward shot by Jacob
Ames, one of John's sons. "The Boston Gazette," July 13,
1 724, thus refers to the event :
A Man was kill'd last Week at Groton, by the Indians, and 't is
suppos'd one Indian was kill'd by one of our Men in the Garrison ;
the Indians left their Packs, 5 in number, which were taken and
secur'd by the English.
In the Gazette of July 27, it is said that " An Indian Scalp
was brought to Town last Week from Groton."
" The New England Courant," July 13, 1/24, reports that
" Last Week the Indians kill'd a Man at Groton, and had
one of their own Men very much wounded." The same news-
paper, in its issue of July 27, says that " The Scalp of an
Indian lately kill'd at Groton is brought to Town."
" The Boston News Letter," July 16, 1724, gives the follow-
ing version :
From Groton \ve are inform'd, That 5 Indians came into that Place,
and kill'd one Man, upon which one of our Men shot out of the Gar-
rison and kill'd an Indian and got his Scalp in order to bring to Town,
and have likewise taken the Indian Packs.
The same paper, of July 30, says that " An Indian Scalp
from Groton \vas brought in here last Week."
These accounts, taken in connection with Jacob Ames's
petition, found in the printed Journal of the House of
Representatives for November 20, 1724, and herewith given,
show conclusively that they relate to the assault in which John
Ames was killed. It is equally certain that Penhallow, in his
History, refers to the same attack when he speaks of the
damage done at Groton in the summer of 1724.
A Petition of Jacob Ames, shewing that he was one of the Weekly
Scouts near the Garrisons on the Westerly part of the Town of Groton ;
and on the Ninth Day of July last, when it was the Petitioners Week
to be on Duty, a Number of Indians appeared at the Garrison of the
Petitioners Father John Ames, and killed him at the Gate, and then
rush'd violently into the Garrison to surprise the People there. And
the Petitioner did with Courage and Resolution by himself defend the
Garrison, and beat off the Indians, Slew one of them and Scalp'd him ;
praying, That altho' it happened to be his Week to be on Duty, that
this Court would take the Premises into their wise and serious Consid-
eration, and grant what other Allowance more than the Establishment
by Law, shall to them seem meet, for his aforesaid Sen-ice. Read,
and in Answer to this Petition. Resolved, That over and above the
Fifteen Pounds due to the Petitioner by Law, for recovering the said
Scalp, and the good Services done this Province thereby, the Sum of
Fifteen Pounds be allowed and Paid out of the Publick Treasury to
the said Jacob Ames for his good Service as aforesaid.
Sent up for Concurrence.
Mr. Butler, in his History, gives the following version of
this affair, which was gathered largely from grandchildren
of the Ezra Farnsworth mentioned in it. The account was
taken down in writing more than a hundred years after the
BUMMER'S WAR. 133
occurrence of the event, which will explain any inaccuracies
due to tradition. Mr. Butler refers the assault to a period
much later than the actual fact:
An Indian had been seen, for several days, lurking about the to\vn,
it was conjectured, upon some ill design. Mr. -Ames, who lived on
the intervale, on the west side of Nashua river, now owned by John
Boynton, Esq., went into his pasture to catch his horse. Discovering
the Indian, he ran for his house ; the Indian pursued and shot him
as he entered his gate. The dead body prevented the gate's closing,
as it would otherwise have done of itself, and the Indian pressed in
to enter the house, where Ames had a son and daughter. The son
seized his gun, and shot at him, as he entered the gate. The ball,
striking the latch of the door, split, and one part of it wounded the
Indian, but not severely. As the son attempted to close the door
against the enemy, after the shot, the Indian thrust his foot in, and
prevented. The son called to his sister to bring his father's gun
from the bedside, and at the same time striking the Indian's foot
with the breach of his gun, compelled him to withdraw it, and closed
the door. While the Indian was in the act of reloading his gun, the
young man found means to shoot through a crevice and killed him.
Two men, at work about a mile distant in a mill, Ezra and Benjamin
Farnsworth, hearing the reports of the guns, and suspecting the cause
thereof, were soon at the place, aud found the bodies of Ames and
the Indian both weltering in their blood. This is the last man killed
by an Indian within the bounds of Groton. (Pages no, in.)
Mr. Butler says, in his History (page 100), that " in the
summer of 1723, one man was killed at Groton." I am in-
clined to think that this allusion is to John Ames, as I can
find no other authority for the statement.
Governor Saltonstall, of Connecticut, writes from New
London, under date of July 23, 1724, that the friendly
Indians of that neighborhood seem inclined to hunt for
scalps around Monadnock and the farther side of Dunstable
and Groton. (Archives, LII. 23.) This was owing to an
offer made about this time by the governments of Massachu-
setts and New Hampshire, of a bounty of a hundred pounds
134 DUMMER'S WAR.
for every Indian's scalp that should be taken and shown to
the proper authorities. This expedient stimulated volunteers
to scour the \vilderness for the purpose of hunting Indians;
and Captain John Lovewell, of Dunstable, organized a com-
pany, which soon became famous.
The story of Lovewell's Fight was for a long time repeat-
edly told in this neighborhood, and there is scarcely a person
who has not from early infancy heard the particulars of
that eventful conflict. It was in the spring of 1725 that
Captain Lovewell, with thirty-four men, fought a famous
Indian chief, named Paugus, at the head of about eighty
savages, near the shores of a pond in Pequawket, now within
the limits of Fryeburg, Maine, and known as Lovewell's
Pond. Of this little Spartan band, seven belonged in
this town; and one of them, John Chamberlain by name,
distinguished himself by killing the Indian leader.
The fullest account of the Fight is found in a pamphlet
entitled, " Lovewell Lamented, or, a SERMON occasion'd by
the Fall of the Brave Capt. John Lovewell and Several of his
Valiant COMPANY, in the late Heroic Action at Piggwacket
pronounc'd at Bradford, May 16 1725 By Thomas Synnnes,
V.D.M." (Boston, 1725.) The sermon contains an historical
preface, duly attested by three of the company, which gives
many particulars of this ill-fated expedition. It includes a
list of the men who took part in the fight, with the names of
the killed and wounded. According to this list, the following
Groton men were members of Lovewell's company, and present
during the action : John Jefts, Daniel Woods, Thomas Woods,
John Chamberlain, Elias Barren, John Gilson [Isaac Lakin?],
Joseph Gilson; of whom Thomas Woods, Daniel Woods,
and John Jefts were killed in the Fight, and Elias Barren,
John Chamberlain, and John Gilson [Isaac Lakin?], wounded.
It is stated by Mr. Symmes, in his preface, that Barron sub-
sequently " strayed from the rest, and got over Ossipy River,
by the side of which his Gun Case was found, & he has ner
DUMMER'S WAR. 135
been heard of since." (Page viii.) Joseph Gilson was the
only one of this quota who escaped injury.
The first edition of the sermon was published on July i,
and exhausted in a very few days. A second edition was
issued about the middle of July, with a title-page somewhat
changed from the original one, as follows: "Historical
Memoirs Of the Late Fight at Piggwacket, with a SERMON
Occasional by the Fall of the Brave Capt John Lovewell
And Several of his Valiant Company ; in the late Heroic
Action there. Pronounc'd at Bradford, May, 16. 1725 By
THOMAS SVMMES, V.D.M. he eeond Edition Corrected."
(Boston, 1725.) In this edition the running title of "An
Historical PREFACE " is changed to " Memoirs of the Figlit
at Piggwacket." A few corrections are made; in the list
both of the soldiers and of the wounded, the name of Isaac
Lakin is given in the place of John Gilson's.
Captain Lovewell, the commander of the company, was a
brave officer and a noted man. He was at this time in the
prime of life, and ambitious to distinguish himself. He had
previously led two successful expeditions against the Indians,
and his very name inspired confidence. Only a few weeks
before, his second expedition had returned to Dover, New
Hampshire, where he made a triumphal entry at the head of
his company. They bore ten Indian scalps stretched on
hoops, and were received with great joy and excitement;
thence they proceeded to Boston, where they were paid a
large bounty by the government. The following Groton
men were members of the company which went on this
second expedition : Jacob Ames, Ephraim Farnsworth,
Reuben Farnsworth, Benjamin Parker, Samuel Shattuck,
Samuel Tarbell, and Henry Willard. Throughout New
England, Lovewell's daring was made the subject of talk,
and the public looked to him as a natural leader in border
It was " about the \6th of April, 1725," says Mr. Symmes,
136 DUMMER'S WAR.
in the preface to his sermon, " that the Brave LOVEWELL
began his March from Dunstablc to Piggwacket, with Forty-
Six Men under his Command."
WHEN they 'd Travell'd a little way, Toby, an Indian falling
Lame, was oblig'd to return, with great Reluctancy.
WHEN they came as far as Contoocook, one Win. Cummins of
Dunstable was so disabl'cl by a Wound he 'd Receiv'd from the
Enemy some time before, that the Capt. dismiss'd him, with a Kins-
man of his to accompany him.
THEN they Travell'd as far as Ossipy, and there one Benjamin
Kiddcr of Nutfield [now Londonderry, New Hampshire,] falling
Sick ; the Capt. made a Halt, and tarried while they built a small
Fortification, for a place of Refuge to repair too, if there should be
Occasion. Here he left his Doctor, a Serjent and Seven other Men,
to take care of Kiddcr, and of a Considerable Quantity of Provision,
here left to lighten the Men, and facilitate their March ; and for a
Recruit upon their Return.
WITH his Company now reduc'd to Thirty-Four Men with him-
self, the Capt. Travell'd to Pigwacket, which is about Forty Miles from
THEIR names that made up this Company (excepting his that
started from them in the beginning of the Battle, and ran back to the
Fort, which I 'd be excus'd from mentioning) were as follow."
(Pages ii. iii.)
Here Mr. Symmes gives the names of the thirty-three men
who were in the famous Fight, purposely omitting the one that
ran away. It has since transpired that this soldier, who so
ingloriously fled from the battle-field, was Benjamin Hassell,
of Dunstable, a corporal in the company. (" History of
Manchester, New Hampshire," by Chandler Eastman Potter,
page 1 60.)
With the small force now at his command, the heroic
captain pressed forward to meet the enemy, and in a few
days reached the borders of Saco Pond, since known as
Lovewell's Pond, southeast of the present village of Frye-
DUMMER'S WAR. 137
burg, Maine. On the morning of Saturday, May 8, while
engaged at prayers they heard a gun, and shortly afterward
discovered an Indian on a point of land which ran into the
pond. They were distrustful of an ambush, and a consulta-
tion was held in order to see whether they should advance or
retreat. Their decision was to proceed at all hazards. They
said : " We came out to meet the Enemy ; we have all
along prayed GOD we might find 'em ; and we had rather
trust Providence with our Lives, yea Dy for our Country,
than try to Return without seeing them, if we may, and be
called Cowards for our Pains." After this answer, Lovewell
ordered his men to move forward cautiously ; and they soon
reached a place where they halted and took off their packs,
and piled them up together. Leaving these behind without
a guard, and advancing a short distance, they came upon the
Indian whom they had previously descried. He was return-
ing to his companions with some game that he had killed.
Several guns were instantly discharged at him, when he in
turn fired and w r ounded Lovewell himself and another man ;
after which he was killed and scalped. The company then
turned back, and with their wounded leader repaired to the
place where they had left their packs. In the mean while
Paugus, the far-famed chief of the Pequawkets, at the head of
eighty warriors on their way home from a marauding expe-
dition, had discovered the pile of packs, and, counting them,
had learned the number of the English. Finding that the
force w r as much less than his own, Paugus placed his men in
ambush and awaited the return of Lovewell. When the
company came up for their packs, the Indians with hideous
yells rushed forth suddenly from their hiding-places and
began to fire. The brave captain ordered his men to return
it, which was done with terrible effect. Lovewell himself fell
at the first shot, and eight of his men soon shared the same
fate. Ensign Wyman, of Woburn, then assumed the com-
mand, and, perceiving that the Indians were trying to surround
138 DUMMER'S WAR.
them, ordered a retreat to the pond, where he took his stand.
A ledge of rock projecting into the water on one side of him,
and a deep brook on the other, made a position favorable for
defence. The fighting continued, and during the day the
savages vainly endeavored to compel the valiant band to sur-
render ; but they would not listen to the proposition. Paugus
was slain in the action by John Chamberlain, of Groton.
After the death of their chief, the Indians became somewhat
disheartened, and for a time withdrew from the skirmish.
Later in the day the combat was resumed, when, it is sup-
posed, the enemy had received reinforcements, but with no
decisive result. As night approached, they again withdrew,
and left this little forlorn band masters of the field. About
midnight the survivors, with the exception of three men
mortally wounded and unable to travel, fell back and directed
their course to the fort, where they expected to find their
former companions ; but in this they were sadly disappointed.
It seems that, at the beginning of the fight, a member of the
O O O
company, escaping, made his way to the fort, and reported
that Lovewcll and his men were all cut to pieces, which he
may have believed. This was the man, Hassell, whose name
Mr. Symmes carefully refrains from mentioning. Disap-
pointed, at finding the fort abandoned, the survivors of this
memorable command made their way back to the settlements
as best they could, coming in at different places along the
The name of Lovewell at once became famous, and the
story of this expedition was told in every household, and
even in the pulpit. It was made the subject of ballads,
which were sung at the family firesides, and excited the
popular heart with the memory of the brave and adventurous
leader. Peace aT^ followed the action at Pequawket, and
deep and sincere was the public feeling at its restoration.
Judge Potter, in his " History of Manchester, New Hamp-
shire " (page 160), gives the names of the nine men left with
BUMMER'S WAR- 139
Kidder in the fort at Ossipee. Among them is that of John
Gilson, of Groton, who is mentioned incorrectly in the first
edition of Symmes's Sermon, as one of the soldiers taking
part in the Fight. T/his shows that he belonged to the origi-
nal company, and started out on the expedition. The two
Gilsons from this town were cousins.
It is related in Symmes's Sermon : -
SOME of the Indians holding up Ropes, ask'd the English if
they 'd take Quarter, but were Answer'd Briskly, they 'd have none
but at the Muzzle of their Guns. (Page vii.)
The savages had learned at this period that it was better
financially for themselves to carry prisoners to Canada, and
sell them to the French, than to slay them in battle ; and
for this reason they would rather capture than kill their
enemy. The reference to holding up ropes means tying
them with ropes and taking them away as prisoners, instead
of massacring them.
The following account of the killing of the Indian sachem
has come down to the present generation both as written
history and tradition. The story goes that some time dur-
ing the day John Chamberlain went to the pond to wash
out and cleanse his musket, which by continual firing had
become foul. While thus engaged he spied the old chief,
whom he knew personally, a short distance off, doing the
same thing to his gun. A challenge was at once given and
taken, each confiding in his own dexterity. Paugus had
nearly finished loading his piece, and was priming it from the
powder-horn, when Chamberlain struck the breach of his own
gun on the ground, causing it to prime itself, and in this way
got the start of his Indian foe. He at once fired, and the
bullet passed through Paugus's heart, just as the old chief
was aiming at him.
A third edition of Symmes's Sermon was printed in the
year 1799, at Fryeburg, Maine, within two miles of the
140 DUMMER'S WAR.
battle-field. It was edited by Elijah Russell, then publishing
" Russell's Echo " newspaper in that town. The account of
the Fight is substantially the same as that given by Mr.
Symmes, though there is some additional matter.
It is said that Indians are wont to avenge the death of their
slain kindred ; and stories are told of their coming to Gro-
ton, during the last century, in order to wreak their revenge
on Chamberlain. Such accounts may not be authentic, but
they are characteristic of the times in which they are said
to have occurred, and perhaps have some foundation in fact.
An attempt has been made in modern times to take from
Chamberlain the credit of killing the Indian chief, but the
earlier records and traditions seem to confirm the story.
After a careful examination of the whole subject, I am led
to believe that the weight of evidence is in its favor. The
following incidents relating to Chamberlain are mentioned
in the account of Lovewell's Eight, which appears in connec-
tion with the third edition of Symmes's Sermon. Through-
out the pamphlet Mr. Russell, the editor, writes the name
" Lovell," which spelling is in accordance with the
Several of the Indians, particularly ^Hntps their Chief, were well
known to LOVELL'S men, and frequently conversed with each other
during the Engagement. In the course of the Battle, jJangus and
John Chamberlain discoursed familiarly with each other ; their guns
had become foul, from frequent firing ; they washed their guns at the
pond, and the latter assured Paugus that he should kill him ; Paugus
also menaced him, and bid defiance to his insinuations : when they
had prepared their guns, they loaded and discharged them, and Paugus
A son of Paugus. after it had become a time of peace, went to
Dunstable [Groton?], to revenge his father's death, with the death of
Chamberlain He did not go directly to Chamberlain's, but to the
house of a neighbor, where he tarried several days, upon some pre-
tended business, that his design might not be discovered ; his errand
was however suspected, and a hint given to Chamberlain who cut a
DUMMER'S WAR. 141
port-hole above his door, through which he very early one morning
discovered an Indian behind his wood-pile, lying with his gun pointed
directly to the door ; and it was supposed that the same musket which
had conveyed the mean of death to the bosom of the great Paugus,
also proved fatal to his son, as he was not afterwards heard of.
It is also reported of this Chamberlain (who was a stout and a
courageous man, and who used to say that he was not to be killed
by an Indian), that he was once fired at by an Indian, as he was at
work in a saw mill, at night ; he was in a stooping position, and did
not discover the Indian till he fired, who was so near him that he
immediately knocked him down with a crowbar, with which he was
setting his log. (Pages 23, 24.)
Charles James Fox, in his " History of the old Township
of Dunstable " (Nashua, New Hampshire, 1846), says:
An Indian once called on Chamberlain at his saw-mill, intending to
way-lay him on his return homeward at nightfall, through the forest.
It was a time of peace, but Chamberlain suspected the character of
his pretended friend, and the motive of his visit. While engaged in
his work, he invited the Indian to examine the wheelpit, and seizing
the opportunity, knocked him on the head with a handspike without
compunction. (Pages 133, 134.)
The following tale from a story-book is founded on one of
the visits said to have been made by a son of Paugus, in
order to avenge his father's death, and contains evidently
many inaccuracies both in regard to time and place : -
The old French war was over. The banners of England had long
streamed above the towers of Quebec. The Indians had left the
lakes and woods of New Hampshire, for the broader waters, and
deeper forests, of Canada and the west. Time had tamed the iron
sinews of the rangers, untamable by any other enemy, or they were
sleeping " each in his narrow cell forever laid." Where the red man
once roamed after the moose, prowled upon the scout, or lighted the
council fire, now stood the infant village, and the peaceful neighbor-
hood. The water-fall at whose roaring foot the Indian once darted
his nide spear into the salmon, or hooked the trout upon his curved
142 DUMMER'S WAR.
bit of bone, now turned the wheel of the clumsy grist-mill, whither
the jogging farmer brought his "rye and Indian," over moss and hill,
and through bush and swamp, in safety. The congregations, as they
gathered together " at meeting," no longer brought their charged guns
to the house of worship, or feared that the prayers of their minister
would be interrupted by the war-whoop. Of Lovell's men, scarcely a
survivor remained of the few that lived through the desperate fight, at
Pequawket. Chamberlain was still alive. He was an old grey-headed
man. He had long given over hunting, and peace had changed his
war spear into an implement of husbandry ; of all his hunting and
fighting years, nothing remained to him but the gun that killed Paugus
at Lovell's pond, and the bullet pouch and yellow powder horn, cov-
ered over with Indian devices, which were the spoil of the savage in
that terrible encounter. These he had preserved with an old man's
care. His cottage, from which went up the solitary smoke that caught
the eye of Lovell and his men, now was the centre of a considerable
hamlet. A wild stream ran past it, and, a little way below it, tumbled
down a fall, upon which stood one of the rude saw- mills of that day,
and old Chamberlain, once the swift hunter and the strong and proud
warrior, was now the humble owner, and more humble tender. He
had survived his wife and his children. Few of his neighbors ven-
tured to be familiar with him, on account of the stern peculiarity of his
character ; and he passed his days in solitude, except such association
as men had with him in his humble vocation.
In the year I777, 1 towards the close of one of those fair days in
autumn, which make up the " Indian summer," a number of the vil-
lagers of P , had gathered into their one-story tavern, to talk over
their little politics, as they were wont, when they were surprised and
startled by the entrance of a young Indian among them. An Indian,
at that time, had got to be a rarity in P , He was tall, over six
feet, and finely formed, after the fashion of the forest. He had a belt
of wampum around his waist, and from it hung his tomahawk. A
long gun was in his hand, and he stood in moccasins, with the grace
and dignity of the son of a chief. He placed his gun behind the
door, and silently took his seat by himself. A little before sunset the
farmers left the inn and returned to their homes. One old hunter
1 It could not have been so late, by many years.
DUMMER'S WAR. 143
remained with the landlord and the young savage. The hunter eyed
the Indian with keen attention, his suspicions were awakened at the
sight of this warrior, armed, so remote from the residence of the near-
est tribe, and in a time of peace. He was acquainted with the
Indians in the old wars, and his suspicions were heightened and con-
firmed, when he heard the young chief ask the landlord, in a low and
indifferent tone, if " one Chamberlain dwelt in the village." The land-
lord pointed out to him the mill, where the old man labored, and the
cottage where he dwelt. The Indian took his gun and went out.
" Some of the blood of old Paugus," said the hunter, " and, I '11
venture my life, come to avenge the death of that chief upon Cham-
berlain. I '11 give the old man warning." He hastily stepped out, and
following a winding path, that led down to the saw-mill, where the old
man was still at his toils, he reached the mill, and told Chamberlain,
that young Paugus, from Canada, had come with his rifle and toma-
hawk to avenge upon him the death of that chief. Chamberlain's
cheek turned ashy pale, and he sternly replied, " tell young Paugus I
have the gun that slew his father, and he had far better return to his
forest than molest me in my old age ; " as he spoke, he pointed
to his long gun as it hung upon prongs of the moose horn, driven
into the saw-mill plate, and near it was suspended the bullet-pouch
and powder-horn of Pequawket. The hunter had given his warning
and retired. The sun was setting to the south of Moosehillock.
Chamberlain took down his gun, tried his flint. charged it, took
the pouch and horn and flung them upon his side, hung up near the
saw-gate the old garment he had worn at work through the day,
hoisted the gate of the mill and set it rapidly agoing, looked keenly
around him, in every direction, and retired to an eminence a few rods
distant, crowned with a clump of thick bushes, and crouched down
to await the approach of his mysterious enemy. He was not, how-
ever, mysterious to Chamberlain. The old man remembered every
trait in the Indian character, and calculated with great accuracy as to
the time and manner of Paugus's advance. Just as it was growing too
dusky to distinguish a human form, except towards the west, the old man
descried him creeping cautiously from a bunch of bushes, eight or ten
rods above the mill, by the torrent, with his cocked rifle before him,
and his hand upon the lock. The young savage heard the noise of the
saw-frame, and could discern it in rapid motion, and shrunk back into
144 DUMMER'S WAR.
the thicket. He came out again, a little distance from where he went
in, and, with the wary motions of the ambush, reconnoitered the mill.
Chamberlain marked him all the while, as the catamount eyes the fox.
Young Paugus came out of the bushes the third time, and in a new
quarter, and was stealthily advancing, when something seemed to
catch his eye in the form of his father's slayer he stopped short
brought his rifle to his eye, and, with quick aim, fired. The re-
port rung sharp and low upon the still air, as if the gun itself were
muffled, or afraid to speak above its breath. Young Paugus crept
out upon a mill log, that extended over the rapid, and stretching
himself up to his full height, as if to ascertain, without advancing,
the success of his shot. The old man could spare him no longer.
He saw the well-remembered form of the old Pequawket chief, as the
young savage stood against the sky of the west, which was still red with
the rays of the sunken sun. He levelled the fatal gun it blazed
young Paugus leaped into the air six feet, as the ball whistled through
his heart and his life^ss body fell far down into the rapid, that
foamed below him, while his vengeful spirit fled and mingled with that
sterner one, which parted long before at Lovewell's pond, in
" The land where their fathers had gone."
Chamberlain returned slowly and gloomily to his cottage.
The next morning a bullet hole through the centre of the old gar-
ment he had hung at the saw-frame, admonished him, that the aim, as
well as the vengeance of old Paugus, had descended to his sons ; and
as he mused upon those he had slain, and reflected, that although he
was old, he still might have again to lift his gun against the blood of
Paugus. or himself fall by their avenging hand, he wished bitterly, that
some other bullet than his own had slain that renowned chief, and
that they had never met to quench their battle thirst, and scour out
their foul guns, upon the shore of Lovewell's pond.
[Caleb Butler's " History of Groton," pages 108-110.]
John Chamberlain, the surviving hero of Lovewell's Fight,
was the son of Thomas and Elizabeth Chamberlain, of
Chclmsford, where he was born March-S* sa. 29, 1692. The
father was a carpenter and miller, who afterward removed to
Groton, and lived about a quarter of a mile northerly of
DUMMER'S WAR. 145
Wattle's Pond, on the left-hand side of the road to Hollis.
He is supposed to have died about the year 1709. After the
Fight the son was known as " Paugus John," and bore that
name through life. He owned a mill, situated near Brown
Loaf, on a small stream formed by the confluence of Mar-
tin's Pond Brook, and another, now called Paugus Brook.
His death took place about the year 1758.
If ever young Paugus came to Groton in order to avenge
his father's death, and it seems very evident from tradition
that he did, it was undoubtedly at this place. Furthermore,
there is a deep hole in Paugus Brook, known as Paugus's Hole,
wherein it is said that Chamberlain sunk the body of the
Indian, after he had killed him.
Many other stories about the Indians have come down by
tradition, and some of them are probably true. The follow-
ing one, told me by Mr. Charles Woolley, relates to Isaac
Lakin, one of Lovewell's men, and has never before appeared
Lakin lived in a log-house near the Nashua River, in the
north part of the town. The house had no glass windows,
but had shutters instead, and a door that swung on wooden
hinges. One day an Indian was seen lurking about the
house, and hiding behind the stumps, apparently bent on
mischief. Lakin seized his gun, and, standing at a crack in
the shutters, told his wife to swing the door so that it would
creak on its hinges. Hearing the noise, and seeing the door
open, the Indian sprang from behind a stump, and started for
the house, when Lakin fired and shot him dead. Seeing
no signs of other Indians, after dark he dug a hole and
The following letter shows the feeling of security which
prevailed in this neighborhood soon after Lovewell's expe-
dition. It is unsigned, but in the handwriting of Josiah
Willard, the Secretary of the Province :
146 BUMMER'S WAR.
The Enemy being drawn off & the Season of Danger pretty
well over, You must forthwith see that the Soldiers in the Frontiers be
reduced to the following Numbers ; Viz, Twenty five Men at Dunstable
& Dracut, Ten at Turkey Hills, Fourteen at Groton, Fourteen at Lan-
caster, Twenty five at Rutland & ten at Brookfield, & That all the
Rest of the Soldiers in the Counties of Middlesex & Essex Including
L Brentnals Scouts be forthwith disbanded : And the several officers
are required to put these Orders in Execution accordingly.
[To] COLL. TYXG
Oct. 20, 1725.
[Massachusetts Archives, LXXII. 263.]
Dummer's War, or Lovcwell's War, as it is sometimes
called, ended early in the year 1/26 ; and peace again
reigned along the frontier borders. There was a respite of
hostilities during a considerable period, and the outlying set-
tlements grew in number as well as population.
The General Court allowed, June 17, 1/25, the sum of .30
to the family of Ellis or Elias Barren, of Groton, who got lost
after the action, and never was found. According to a peti-
tion in the printed Journal of the House of Representatives,
December 21, 1726, his widow's name was Priscilla.
Eleazer Davis, of Concord, who was in the famous Fight,
subsequently removed to the town of Harvard, which was
made up in part of Groton, and incorporated on June 29,
1732. In the Journal of the House of Representatives, June
15, 1738, is entered : -
A Petition of Eleazer Daris of Harvard in the County of Worces-
ter, praying the Consideration of the Court on Account of his Suffer-
ings and Services, particularly the Wounds and Smarts received in
the Fight under the Command of the late Capt. Lovcwell, against the
Indian Enemy at Pigwacket.
Read and Ordered, That John Russell, and Robert Hale, Esqrs ;
Mr. Moodey, and Mr. Terry, be a Committee to consider the said
Petition, and report what may be proper to be done thereon.
DUMMER'S WAR. 147
On the following day Mr. Russell, the chairman of the
Committee, reported an order that :
the Sum of four Pounds per Annum of the new tenor Bills, be
granted and allowed to be paid out of the publick Treasury for the
space of five Years to the Petitioner Eleazer Davis, to commence
from the first Day of this Instant June, by way of Stipend or Pension,
on Account of the Wounds and Smart received as within mentioned.
In the same Journal, June 16, 1738, is recorded: -
A Petition of Josiah Sartell, shewing that he was a Soldier in the
Service of the Province for sundry Years, and was in divers Fights
against the Indian Enemy, wherein many of them were slain, and he
himself was wounded in some of the Engagements, that he has re-
ceived nothing in Consideration of his Smart and Services, but the
established Pay, that he has a large Family, and under low Circum-
stances : that he lately presumed for want of Lands and Means of
purchasing, to go upon some of the Province Land on the West side
of Connecticut River, adjoining to Northfield, a new Canada Town
and some Farms, has built a small House thereon, and improved
some of the Lands there, praying that he may obtain a Grant, or be
allowed to purchase such Part of the Province Land there, as the
Court shall think convenient in Consideration of the Premisses. Read
and Ordered, That the Petition be considered on Tuesday the 2Oth
It was voted, June 22, that one hundred acres of the un-
appropriated lands of the Province be granted the petitioner ;
and, in the record of this date, the name is spelled Joseph
Sautell. It is now unknown when or where his term of service
KING GEORGE'S WAR.
Ix the year 1744 v/ar was again declared between England
and France, called by the English colonists King George's
War. Civilization had now pushed the belt of frontier towns
far into the wilderness ; and Groton was no longer exposed
to the assaults of the Indians, though at times threatened
with danger. Her sons and soldiers, however, were still
found, during this period, on the outer rim of settlements,
whenever and wherever their services were needed, either to
extend the borders or to defend them. A military organiza-
tion was kept up in the town, ready for emergencies here, or
elsewhere in the neighborhood.
The first settlement of Charlestown, New Hampshire,
then known as No. 4, was made in the year 1740, by three
brothers, Samuel, David, and Stephen Farnsworth, natives of
Groton ; and they were soon followed by Isaac Parker and
his sons, and Obadiah Sawtell, also of this town. The Farns-
worths were leading men at Charlestown, and they distin-
guished themselves on several occasions in fights with the
Indians. Samuel Farnsworth, the eldest brother, was killed
in a skirmish, May 2, 1746. David was taken prisoner by a
KING GEORGE'S WAR.
party of French Indians, April 20, 1757, and carried to
Canada. He managed to escape, and reached home, not a
long time probably after his capture. Stephen, the youngest
brother, had also his bitter experience with the enemy. He
was captured, April 19, 1746, and taken to Montreal, where
he remained seventeen long months before he was exchanged.
His health was so broken down by the hardships of his cap-
tivity that he never fully regained it. He died September 6,
1771, leaving behind the reputation of a brave man and a
Ebenezer Farnsworth, a native of Groton, and a kinsman
of the three brothers just mentioned, was captured, August
30, 1754, by the St. Francis Indians, at Charlestown. He
was carried to Montreal and held a prisoner during three
years. His ransom was paid in the summer of 1755, but he
was not then set at liberty. Mrs. Susanna Johnson and her
sister, Miriam Willard, were taken at the same time.
They were both daughters of Moses Willard, who had for-
merly lived in the south part of this town. A full account of
the affair is given in " A Narrative of the Captivity of Mrs.
Johnson," published at Walpole, New Hampshire, in 1796.
Two years later, on June 18, 1756, Moses Willard, the father,
was killed by the Indians, at Charlestown ; and in the same
attack his son, Moses, Jr., had a narrow escape from death
by the hands of the savages, being severely wounded at the
Lieutenant Isaac Parker was taken by the Indians at the
same time with Stephen Farnsworth, and remained in cap-
tivity until the following winter, when he was returned to
Boston under a flag of truce.
The Sawtell family is also largely represented in Charles-
town, where the name is now spelled Sartwell. It is a numer-
ous family in that town, and they sprang from the early settler,
Obadiah, who went from Groton. He, too, had a sad ex-
perience in savage warfare, and once was captured by the
150 KING GEORGE'S WAR.
Indians. He was taken by them, May 24, 1/46, and remained
a prisoner until August 20, 1747. lie finally met his death
at their hands, June 17, 1749, being attacked while ploughing
in his corn-field, unsuspicious of any danger.
Charles Holden, Isaac Holden, and Seth Walker, natives
of Groton, were early settlers and proprietors of Charlestown.
Moses Wheeler was another pioneer, and a distinguished sol-
dier, taking part in some of the fiercest encounters of the
French and Indian War. He was a large man, and noted for
his strength. He was called by the Indians " the strong
man." Moses Willard, Isaac Fanvell, and Micah Fuller,
other settlers, were also from this town. Eleazer Priest, son
of Joseph Priest, of Groton, and a soldier, was captured by
the Indians, March 15, 1748, at Charlestown, and died at
Louisburg, Nova Scotia, in September of that year, while
on his way home.
In the year 1746 Charlestown was deserted on account of
the Indians, and the retiring inhabitants took up their abode
mostly in Groton, Lunenburg, and Leominster. Many of the
facts concerning this frontier settlement in the Connecticut
Valley, I have found in the " History of Charlestown, New-
Hampshire, the Old No. 4," written by the Reverend Henry
H. Saunderson, and published in the year 1876.
During King George's War, alarms in New England were
sometimes caused by the presence of French vessels along
the coast. In the early autumn of 1746 an attack on Boston
was threatened by the Duke d'Anville's fleet ; and it is said
that more than eight thousand men under arms rushed at
short notice to the defence of the capital. Among these sol-
diers was a company from Groton, under the command of
Captain William Lawrence. The alarm was of short dura-
tion, and the term of service on the part of the men corre-
spondingly short, ranging from two to twelve days. The
muster-roll of the company during this brief period is now
in the possession of Mr. James Lawrence Bass, of Boston ; and
KING GEORGE'S WAR. 151
I am indebted to his courtesy for a copy of it. Mr. Bass is a
great-great-grandson of Captain Lawrence, and the roll has
come down with other family papers. The list of officers
William Lawrence, captain,
James Prescott, lieutenant,
John Woods, lieutenant,
Obadiah Parker, sergeant,
Hezekiah Sawtell, sergeant,
Amos Lawrence, sergeant,
William Prescott, clerk,
John Pratt, corporal,
Joseph Page, corporal,
Israel Hobart, corporal,
Jonathan Longley, sentinel.
Captain Lawrence lived on the west side of the present
Main Street, just north of James's Brook, and always took a
prominent part in the affairs of the town. He was a son of
John and Anna (Tarbell) Lawrence, was born August 11,
1697, and married Susanna, one of the eight daughters of
Jonas Prescott. Captain Lawrence subsequently became the
colonel of his regiment, and during many years represented
the town in the General Court. He was an older brother of
Sergeant Amos Lawrence, the ancestor of several distinguished
Lieutenant James Prescott was a son of Benjamin and
Abigail (Oliver) Prescott, and born on January 13, 1/20 i.
Through his aunt Susanna he was a nephew of the company
commander ; and by his own subsequent marriage to a cousin,
he became a son-in-law of the same officer. During a long
life he was much engaged in public affairs ; and in the militia
he passed through all the grades of office from ensign to
colonel. He was the elder brother of the company clerk,
who in later years became distinguished as the commander
of the American forces at the Battle of Bunker Hill. At this
KING GEORGE'S WAR.
time William Prescott was only twenty years old, and this
episode in his career was his earliest military experience.
His term of service was five days, for which he received
the sum of five shillings and tenpence, as his signature on
the back of the roll shows. The other officers were well-
known men of recognized ability. The list of privates in the
company was :
Sam" Scripture Jn r
Ebenezer Farnsworth Jn r
Joseph Farwell Jn r
David Sawtell Jn r
Benj a Page
Benj 1 Davis
John White Jn r
Benj: 1 Steward
John Edwards Jn r
Joseph Blanchard Jn r
Simon Davis Jn r
David Powers Jn r
KKNG GEORGE'S WAR.
Nathan Hartwell Simon Blanchard
Jonathan Nutting Abel Jewett
Nathaniel Woods Robert Robins Jn r
John Tarbell Ephrain Philbrek
Receipts for service are in existence which seem to show
that this muster-roll was incomplete. Some of the men were
from Littleton and others from Lancaster. Private Thomas
Lawrence, who was a nephew of the Captain, subsequently
served with great credit during the French and Indian \Yar
as a commissioned officer, and lost his life in a skirmish with
the Indians at Half-way Brook, near Lake George, on July 20,
In the Journal of the House of Representatives, April 22,
1746, is found "A Petition of William Tarbell of Groton, a
Soldier wounded in the Service of the Province, praying a
Consideration therefor." The petitioner belonged to the
same family as the Tarbell children who were carried off to
Canada, and was probably their nephew.
In the summer of 1747 a body of Indians made their
appearance within the limits of Fitchburg, and committed
various acts of depredation. Attacking the garrison of John
Fitch, early one morning, they killed two soldiers ; and, burn-
ing the house, carried off as prisoners Fitch and his wife, with
their four children. An alarm was at once given, and Rufus
C. Torrey, in his History of Fitchburg (1865), says: -
Soldiers arrived in an incredibly short period, from Groton, Lan-
caster, and even from Westford. They immediately put themselves
under the command of Major Hartwell, and started in pursuit. They
had not proceeded far beyond the smoking ruins of the garrison,
before they discovered a paper stuck in the bark of a tree. This
contained a request, signed by Fitch, not to have his friends pursue
him ; for the Indians had given him to understand what his destiny
was to be if they were not molested ; but if they should be pursued,
and likely to be overtaken, then they should forthwith kill him, together
with his wife and children. The soldiers, on the receipt of this, returned.
154 KING GEORGE'S WAR.
Scouting parties went out, from time to time, as occasion
required, in order to reconnoitre the country and protect the
neighborhood. They were made up largely of men used to
hardships and fond of adventure, who were training in a good
school for future service. Some of the most efficient soldiers
during the Revolutionary War received the rudiments of their
military education at this period.
Near the end of King George's War, the town was again
threatened with danger; and a company of thirty-two men,
under the command of Captain Thomas Tarbell, scouted in
this vicinity for six days in July, 1748, but they do not appear
to have discovered the enemy. A few days afterward another
company, of thirty-six men, was sent on a similar expedition,
but with no better success. In the rolls of these two com-
panies are many nam'es prominent in the annals of the town
from its very beginning. Among them are the Prescotts, the
Lawrences, the Shattucks, the Ameses, the Bancrofts, the
Shepleys, the Parkers, a son of the Reverend Mr. Bradstreet,
and a grandson of the Reverend Mr. Hobart.
A List of the Names of the men that Scouted In the woods In July
last under the comand of Cap! Tho" Tarbell of Groton & the Number
of I )ays the ware In s ' Service
We Set out yf 7 Day & : Returned y e i^ Except Jacob Ames who
was Taken sick & Returned back y? 2'.' Day
Groton Get; 21"; 1748
attest THO^ LAWRENCE Cler.
Liu Eleazer Green Sam u Kemp Ju r
Ensighn Stephen Holden Jona^ Shattuck Ju'
Sarga' John Page John Gilson Jill
Serg. Simon Pearce Joseph Patterson
Sam 1 ! Shattuck Ju r Timothy Mores
James Shattuck Neb? Jewett
Eleazer Tarbell Edm? Bancroft
Jonathan Holden Isaac Holden
Elias Ellett Pilott Jerah' Powers
KING GEORGE'S WAR. 155
John Shattuck Nath? Smith
Moses Woods Jona! Lawrence
Tho? Lakin Henry Jefts
John Keemp Aaron Woods
Jona" Sartell Jacob Ames
Moses Blood Eleazer Green Ju'
Henrey Farwell John Parker Ju[
also by the authority a fore sd on the 28th of July I marched in to
The- wilderness in quest of the Enemy with The men whose Names
are hear after written and Returned the 29 Day : and we found our
Selues both preuision and amanision both Times.
John Bulkely Jonas Parker
James Prescott Ruben Woods
John Gilson Jonathan Lawrance
Dudley bradstreet Jeremiah hobart
Jeremiah Shattuck Isaac Lakin Jun 1
William Nutting Joseph bennett
Tho s Lawrance Joseph Chandler
Isaac Green Isaac Patch Jun r
Jos. Sheeple John Nutting Jr
Tho s Woods Jonathan prescot
Joseph Parker Daniel Pollard
Nathaniel Parker Ebenezer Lakin
W- bennett Peter Parker
Nathaniel Shattuck Sam" bowers
Ezekiel Nutting Tho s Chamberlin
Joseph Gilson Ebenezer blood
Isaac Gilson Nathaniel Davis Jun r
James fisk Josiah Sartell clerk
THO TARBELL Cap 1
Nouember io th 1748 this may Certifie that the Cap 1 and men
within mentioned ware sent oute by me and by Co" Willards order
Directed to me :
[Massachusetts Archives, XCII. 156.]
KING GEORGE'S WAR.
Daniel Farmer, a Groton soldier, was taken prisoner, July
14, 1748, in a skirmish with the Indians, near Fort Dummer. 1
He was carried to Canada, and kept till the following October,
when he was allowed to return home.
Fort Dummer was situated on the west bank of the Con-
necticut River, in the present town of Brattleborough, Ver-
mont. Two of its early commanders had been connected
with Groton by the ties of kindred. Colonel Josiah Willard,
for many years in command of the Fort, was a grandson of
the Reverend Mr. Willard ; and he was succeeded by Lieuten-
ant Dudley Bradstreet, a son of the Reverend Mr. Bradstreet,
and a native of this place.
Jonathan Nutting, whose petition is found in the Journal
of the House of Representatives, June 9, 1755, and herewith
given, was undoubtedly a Groton man :
A Petition of Jonathan Nutting, a Soldier at St. George's Fort,
representing the Difficulties he is reduced to by Reason of the great
Charge he was at in a long Sickness which befell him in the Year
1751; and praying for such Allowance out of the public Treasury for
his Relief, as may be judged reasonable.
Joseph Gilson, whose application for an allowance appears
in the same Journal, January 11, 1/60, and is here printed,
was probably the soldier who served in Captain Lovewell's
expedition to Pequawket, during the spring of 1725 :
A Petition of Joseph Gilson of Groton, representing his Services
and Sufferings for his Country, praying a Compensation, for the
King George's War was brought to an end by the treaty
of Aix-la-Chapelle, in the year 1748.
1 Benjamin H. Hall's "History of Eastern Vermont." (Page 50.)
FRENCH AND INDIAN WAR.
IT was not many years after this period that another war
broke out, known in America as the French and Indian War.
It was the last and severest of the intercolonial struggles, and
the Indians fought on each side, though mostly against us.
The first conflict of arms took place in May, 1754, and the
war continued until a treaty of peace was made in February,
1763. Several expeditions were organized at different times,
in which Groton men bore their part.
Thomas Lawrence was the second lieutenant of a company,
in an expedition up the Kennebec River during the summer
of 1754. His subsequent career shows him to have been a
brave man, a better fighter than speller, judging from the
following petition on file at the State House : -
Prouince of ~\ To His Exdency William Shear -ly Esq r Cap* Gen-
the Massetuchsets C eral and Commandder in Chceff of s* Prouince
and to the Honnorrable His Majesty's Counsel
and House of Rcpresentaues Now Assembled at
Boston the 30'* of October A : D : 1754
The Pertision of Thomas Larrance of Groton in the County of
Humbly Shueth that you pertisener Chearfully Ingaged in the Ex-
peditision Wich hath ben performed to the Eastward up Cenebeck
Riuer and Went in the Copasety of a Second LeP in the Company
158 FRENCH AND INDIAN WAR.
under the Command of Cap' Humphry Hobbs and alhvays Encleuered
to pcrfourme Euery Command according to the best of His Powar
and after His Return from the Long march up Cenebeck Riuer your
Petisionner was called upon to Asist in raiseng of a block House at
Fert Hallefax Wich he ded and in Laying Down one of the plank it
being too Heauy for Him it gaue His Back a sudden Rinch Wich
I often Feel the Effects of to this Day and fear shall as Long as I live
and soon after was Taiken With a slow feaver Wich is Now more than
six Weakes and it is Now Fiue Weaks next Saterday since I Landded
at Boston and was carred to M rs Sharrows Whare I Have Laid Euer
since but Now throw the Graite goodness of God am Gott so Well as
to Indeuer to Ride Home in a Chair if I had one, and by Reason
of this Long and Tedious sickness hath ocationed Graite Expence as
may Apear by the Accompts Hear unto annexe!. Whearfore I humbly
Pray your Exelancy and Honnours to Grant such Releaf in the prem-
eses as in your Graite Wisdom and Goodness you shall see meet and
your pertisinour as in Duty Bound shall euer Pray
[Massachusetts Archives, LXXIV. 258.]
Two days afterwards the sum of 11 io.y. *jd. was allowed
the petitioner out of the public treasury. The bill of his
physician, Gillarn Tayler, was 2 6s. ^d., and that of his land-
lady, Mary Sharrow, .59 I is. 6d., old tenor, equivalent to
/ iSs. iod., lawful money.
Fort Halifax was situated on the east side of the Kennebec
River, within the present limits of Winslow, Maine. This
town was incorporated in the year 1/71, arid so named after
General John Winslow, who was in command of the expedition
sent to that region when the fort was built.
Henry Woods was in the same expedition, and his petition
is as follows :
"} 77? his Excellency William Shirlev Esq r Cap'. Gcn-
Province of the f j ^i , <
,, , -r, eral Lrovernour ana Commander tn Chief in &
Massachusetts Bay (
To the Hon''! c his Majesties Council and House of Representatives
assembled at Boston Feb r ? 5'!' 1755
FRENCH AND INDIAN WAR.
The Petition of Henry Woods of Groton In the County of Midds*
Humbly shevveth that your Petitioner Enlisted himself to go (the sum-
mer past) in the Expedition to the Eastward on Kenebeck River ; &
always faithfully Perform'd what service I was call'd For, But about
the beginning of Sepl last, was Taken sick att Fort Hallifax, (with the
nervous Feaver) & Lay there about ninety Days ; So' bad a Consid-
erable Part of the Time That Life almost dispair'd of. But Thro :
Divine Goodness arriv'd at Boston the ninth of Dec[ Last : and was
Carryed to M r . s Sherrows : and there Lay Confined by a Feaver-Sore
(under the hand of Doc'. r Taylor) more Than a month and then
Convey'd in a Chair to Groton not being able Ever since, to do an
hours work, or walk about the House without something to lean
May it Please Your Excellency : & Hon rs Your Petitioner would
Crave Leave to inform you, That Clafford S: Hambleton the Two men
That nurs'd me at Hallifax Demanded of me Six Pounds and .Eight
Slullings Lawful Money : Saying that Cap! Melvin Promis'd them so
much p day as amounted to that sum. And when I arriv'd at Boston
hearing that Cap' Melvin was dead : I then Gave them a Part in
money, and a note of hand for the Remainder.
M r f Sherrows Demands are about five Pounds fifteen Shillings. I
have forgott, what Doc'. r Taylors ace' was ; But am Inform'd That your
Excellency, and Hon7 were Pleas'd to allow his Ace' (upon my for-
mer Petition) for which I give your Excellency and Hon rs hearty
Thanks. Praying That you would be Pleased again to take under
your Compassionate Consideration my Difficult & Distressing Circum-
stances : and Grant such Relief as in your Great Wisdom & Goodness
you may think Proper, and your Poor Distressed Petitioner as in Duty
shall Ever Pray
Groton Feb7 io'. h 1755
[Massachusetts Archives, LXXIV. 330.]
From the Journal of the House of Representatives, Janu-
ary i, 1755, it appears that Woods had previously presented
In answer to the second petition, he was allowed, February
20, ^5 for his nurses before he came to Boston, and the
further sum of 5 os. "d. for his landlady.
160 FRENCH AND INDIAN WAR.
The chair mentioned in these petitions was a vehicle which
long since passed out of use. It resembled a chaise with the
top taken off, and was generally wide enough to carry two
According to the same Journal, March 31, 1756, Woods
made a third application for relief, one year later. It is as
A Petition of Henry Woods of Groton, in the County of Middlesex,
setting forth, that being a Soldier in the Expedition to the River Ken-
nebcck in the Year 1754, was taken sick, and by his long Confinement
then contracted such Indisposition as has rendered him unable to
Labour for his Support as heretofore ; that he was put to great Ex-
pence thereby, and has received but a partial Allowance therefor ; and
praying such further Relief under his distressed Circumstances, as
shall be judged meet.
Thomas Lawrence was the son of Thomas and Prudence
Lawrence, and born at Groton, on September 3, 1720. He
is said to have been a man of great size and strength.
During the summer of 1758 he commanded a company be-
longing to the force operating around Lake George ; and in
the memorable skirmish at a place called Half-way Brook,
July 20 of that year, he was killed, with four of his men :
namely, Corporal Nehemiah Gould, Privates Abel Sawtell,
Ebenezer Ames, and Stephen Foster. More than twenty
soldiers were slain in the action, and all but one scalped by
the savage allies of the French. The Reverend Samuel
Sewall, in the Appendix to his " History of Woburn, Massa-
chusetts " (page 550), prints the journal kept by Samuel
Thompson, which gives a full account of the affair.
Captain Lawrence lived in that part of Groton which is
now Pepperell ; and on the departure of his company for
the army, the Reverend Joseph Fmerson preached a sermon.
It was delivered May 7, 1758, before " Capt. Thomas Law-
rence, and Part of his Company of Soldiers : Before their
going out into public Service." and afterward published.
FRENCH AND INDIAN WAR. 161
Like all discourses of that period it is purely doctrinal
in its character, and contains not one word of interest to
the present generation. It would have been easy for the
author to have given some information about the various
enlistments of the men, and a history of the company gen-
erally; but on these points he is utterly silent. It may be
said, however, in his behalf, that he was talking to them and
not to us.
Sergeant Oliver Lakin, of Captain Lawrence's company,
was taken prisoner in the action at Half-way Brook, though
he subsequently escaped. The following entry in regard to
him is found in the Journal of the Massachusetts House of
Representatives for January 10, 1760: -
A Petition of Oliver Laken of Groton, in the County of Middlesex,
shewing, that he was a Soldier in the Pay of the Province Anno 1758,
and was on the 2Oth Day of July the same Year, Captivated by the
Indian Enemy, suffered many & great Hardships, and was obliged to
borrow a Sum of Money to purchase his Freedom from Captivity ; he
therefore prays he may be allowed the Sum of Money he borrowed ;
also the Charges of his Passage home, and a further Allowance for his
Loss of Time and Sufferings &c.
The answer to the petition is found two days later, in the
proceedings of January 12, as follows: -
The Committee appointed to consider the Petition of Oliver Lakin,
Read and accepted in Part, viz. Resolved, That the Sum of eight
Pounds, be allowed and paid out of the public Treasury to William
Lawrence, Esq ; for the Use of the Petitioner, in full Consideration
for his Services and Sufferings therein mentioned.
Sent up for Concurrence.
The petitioner was a son of William and Miriam Lakin, and
a great-grandson of Ensign John Lakin, one of the original
proprietors of the town.
The following letter, from Lieutenant Woods to his com-
pany commander, is found in Miss Hemenway's "Vermont
162 FRENCH AND INDIAN WAR.
Historical Gazetteer" (IV. 1155, 1 156), and refers to Lakin's
release from captivity : -
To Captain Ephraim Wesson, Groton, in the Bay Government :
CAMP AT TlCONDEROGA, )
August y e 1 2th, 1759. \
Sir : These with my regards to you and yours, are to let you
know that I am in good health.
Sir : To my great joy I received your letter, which informed
me that you and all my friends were well ; also that Oliver Larkin
[Lakin?] was returned from captivity, and the remarkable account of
his getting home from the enemy. Give my compliments to said Oliver,
and tell him that we are paying them for their old tricks. As fur the
affairs among us, our employ is chiefly fatigue duty. Part of the army
is at Crown Point, and part is at this place. \Ve are repairing this Fort
with all expedition, and the rest of the army are building a new Fort
at Crown Point. We hear that there is a party of men gone to lay
out a road to No. 4 [now Charlestown, New Hampshire]. The
army is very healthy, and our company are well that are at this place.
So I conclude, and subscribe myself your well-wishing friend.
In the Journal of the House of Representatives, June 13,
1759, there is
A Petition of David Sartweli of Groton, in the County of Middle-
sex, setting forth that his Son Abel Sartweli, went forth in the Expe-
dition against Canada the last Year; that near Half-Way-Brook (so
called) he was in an Engagement with the Enemy, and killed ; that his
Gun was then lost; he therefore prays the Stoppage may be taken
off, and the Treasurer be directed to allow him the three Pounds
Also in the same Journal, March 30, 1761, is
A Petition of John Erriu, Junr. of Groton, a Soldier in the Year
1758, setting forth, that he was wounded by the Enemy, and lost his
Gun, praying for an Allowance for his Gun, &c.
In the muster-roll of the company his name appears as
FRENCH AND INDIAN WAR.
Interesting papers, relating to Captain Lawrence's company,
are now in the possession of General A. Harleigh Hill, of
Groton, Vermont, a great-grandson of Captain Wesson, who
succeeded to the command of the company after the unfor-
tunate affair of July 2O, 1758. General Hill is the author of
the chapter on " The History of the Town of Groton, in Cale-
donia County," which appears in Miss A. M. Hemenway's
" Vermont Historical Gazetteer," and gives many interesting
facts about that town. Some of its early settlers were natives
of Groton, Massachusetts ; and it was through them that the
name of their birthplace was carried into the Green Moun-
tain country. I wish to acknowledge my obligations to Gen-
eral Hill for his kindness and courtesy, not only in furnishing
copies of these papers, but in many other ways. Owing to
the want of space, some of the sub-headings in the muster-roll
and in the two " Returns " of the men enlisted are omitted
in this printed copy. The papers are as follows : -
A Muster-Roll of A. Company of Foot in his Majesty's Service, under
the Command of Captain Thomas Lawrence from March 13. 1758.
to July 20"' Then Captain Ephraim Wesson to November 30.
1758, in A Regiment raised by the Province of the Massachusetts-
Bay, for the Reduction of Canada, Whereof EBENEZER NICHOLS
Esq. is Colonel Viz.
Names of Fathers, & Mas-
ters of Sons under Age,
Thomas Lawrence Esq
Ephraim Wesson . .
Captain . .
First Lieut. .
Captain . .
Sec d Lieut. .
Ensign . . .
Leonard Spaulding . .
Joseph Far we 11 . . .
Henry Woods . . .
Serjant . .
Ensign . . .
Second Lut .
FRENCH AND INDIAN WAR.
Names of Fathers, & Mas-
ters of Sons under Age,
Xathaniel Lakin . . .
Oliver Wright . . .
Do. . . .
Oliver Lakin ....
Do. . . .
Oliver Parker ....
Corp! . . .
Ensign . . .
Corp!. . . .
Simon Gilson ....
Corp!. . . .
Corp!. . . .
Moses Sawtell . . .
Cent. . . .
Serjant . . .
Oliver Shattuck .
Eleazer Spaulding . .
Cent. . . .
Joseph Hartwell . .
Cent. . . .
Corp!. . . .
Cen< . . .
David Shattuck . . .
Drumer . .
Eleazer Ames . . .
Cen.'. . . .
Groton . .
j William Lawrence
Archelus Adams . .
I his Guardian.
John Boyden ....
Do. . . .
Robart Blood . . .
Aaron Blood ....
( Ephraim Chandler
| his Guardian.
Josiah Butterfield . .
Moses Blood ....
Do. . . .
John Chamberlain . .
Do. . . .
Joel Crosby ....
Do. . . .
\ Son in law to And w
Daniel Douglass . .
Do. . . .
( Servant to Isael
John Erwin ....
Cent.. . .
Groton . .
James Fisk ....
Do. . . .
Oliver Farnsworth . .
Do. . . .
Stephen Foster . . .
William Farnsworth .
Do. . . .
Eleazer Fisk ....
Do. . . .
Benjamin Farmer .
FRENCH AND INDIAN WAR.
Names of Fathers, & Mas-
ters of Sons under Age,
Town & Servants.
Daniel Gilson . . .
Cent. . . .
John Gragg ....
Do. . . .
.Moses Goold ....
Ephraim Hall . . .
Do. . . .
Joseph Kemp . . .
Do. . .
Groton . .
Sam" Kemp Jum"
Do. . . .
Groton . . Hezekiah Kemp
Stephen Kemp . . .
Pepperell . j Servant to Edmund
Simon Lakin ....
Pepperell ( Ba croft -
Simeon Nutting . . .
Isaac Nutting . . .
Groton . .
Benjamin Nutting . .
John Nutting . , . .
Do. . . .
Groton . .
Eleazer Parker . . .
Groton . .
( Under y e Care of the
( Select Men
Joseph Page ....
Groton . .
William Parker . . .
Groton . .
Obediah Perry . . .
Stephen Peirce . . .
Groton . .
Jonathan Phelps . . .
Nathaniel Parker . .
Nathan 1 Parker
Leonard Parker . . .
Benjamin Richardson .
Do. . . .
David Shattuck jr . .
Do. . . .
Abel Sawtell ....
Groton . .
Jonathan Sheple . . .
Groton . .
( James Prescott Esq
( his guardian
Lemuel Sheple . . .
Do. . . .
Groton . .
( James Prescott Esq
( his Guardian
Joseph Sawtell .
Groton . .
j Samuel Tarbell his
Thomas Shattuck . .
Thomas Scott . . .
Benjamin Shattuck . .
Josiah Sheple . . .
Do. . . . Groton.
Nathan Wesson . . .
Do. ... Wilmington \ Son to Stephen Wes-
Do. . . .
Westford . J Servent to Philip
Benjamin Woods . .
Groton . .
Son to John W r oods
Simon Wheeler . . .
FRENCH AND INDIAN WAR.
.-/ Return of men Inlisted for his majestys Service in the intended
Expedition against Canada 1758
Names of the fathers
in what Company
In what Rigement Jt
of Sons under age
and masters of Ser-
Arch al us Adams
Colo Charles Prescott
Col s Elisha Jones 25
Capt. Jerh Shattuck
Capt Jer'' Shattuck
Capt Jerh Shattuck
Col oliver Wilder 20
Col. oliver Wilder 27
Col. oliver Wilder 26
Son to John Nut-
Capt. John Bulkley
Col" Wilder 16
Son to Leonard Par-
The above Written is a True acct of all the men by me Inlisted for
his Majestys Service in the Expedition now Carrying on against
Canada in a Company to be comanded by Capt Thomas La\vrance in
Col Ebenezer Nichols's Ridgiment
GROTON Apriel y e 15 th 1758
A List of the Men that I Have Listed for Canada <&c /Domini
Simon Larkin [Lakin]
Isaac Nutting Jun r
Jonath. Phelps in the Rume of Simon Ames of Groton
Nath a Parker Jun r
Oliver Shattuck in the Rume Soloman Shattuck of Pepperrell
John Chamberlin in the Rume of Peter Thursten of Pepperrell
Tho s Scott
Eleazer Spoulding in the Rume of Joel Parkhtirst of Dunstable
"$ EPHRAIM WESSON Lev 1
FRENCH AND INDIAN WAR.
GROTON April 15 th 1758
This may Certifie whome it may concerne that the above named
Soldiers were this day mustered & passed Before me
WILLIAM LAWRANCE 1 1 , u
A Return of the. Men Enlisted for his Majesty's service in t/ie
intended expidition against Canada, 1758
In what Company. Jo
Simon Larkm .
Capt. Jeremiah Shattuck, 42
Silas Kemp, .
Capt. James Prescott, . i 16
Isaac Nutting jr
do. John Bulkley . . i 19
Jonathan Phelps, .
do. John Bulkley . . 31
do. Thomas Pierce, . 18
Thomas Shattuck .
Groton, . .
Cap J. Shattuck, ... 22
Nathaniel Parker, .
Groton, . .
J. Shattuck, ... 19
Groton, . .
Capt Oliver Coburn, . . 24
Cap. John Bulkley ... 23
Robert Blood . .
Groton, . .
Capt J. Shattuck ... 27
W m Farnsworth .
J. Shattuck ... 21
J. Shattuck ... 27
Thomas Scott, . .
J. Shattuck ... 19
Stephen Kemp, . .
Groton, . .
J. Shattuck ... 17
John Chamberlain .
Groton, . .
Capt J. Shattuck ... 36
The above written contains a true account of the men that I have
Enlisted for his Majesty's service in the intended expedition against
Canada, in a Company to be commanded by Captain Thomas
Lawrence, to be in Colonel Ebenezer Nichols 1 Regiment
PEPPEREL, Aprill y e 15 th 1758.
N. HAMPTON June 2 d 1758
SIR You are to repair to Hadley and there wait for Col Nichols ;
arrival that you may give him an Ac' of the Spare Blankets of the
Regiments which were left there at Mr Oliver Smiths. If he doth not
come by the fourtenth Intant, you are directed to Join the Regiment,
by the first Opportunity
I am your Friend J? CU.MING
To Liu' Eph'" Wesson
1 68 FRENCH AND INDIAN WAR.
By his Excelencys Command to Captain Tho" Lawrancc.
You are hereby Directed to Colect the men In your company with-
out Delay and prepare a list of them & the number of arms your men
will take of their own.
From the day they are collected till they arive at Worcester where
the Kings J 'revisions, will be delivered out to the Regiments you are
to take care that your men are Victualed as Follows that is Sixpence
Pr day Sterling & no more, you are to take care they dont Exceed
that and also Such a part for each meal as to take the whole of s d Six-
pence for the day. you are to acquaint the Taverners : accordingly
you are to deliver s' 1 Taverners, a list of the names, & the N" of the
men Ware Supplied at So much P r Meal and this list with the certificate
shall be the Taverners Voucher to his accompt to be laid before the
Governor & Council for their Passing upon it and granting warenty
for the payment of the same.
You are to take Particular Care that no Straglers be left behind
you are further Directed to Use the utmost of your Endevers that one
quarter of your men Provide their own arms
EBEN R NICHALS
An account of the arms that Cap*. Lanrance and his men had of their
own that was lost in the fight at the half way brook July the 2 o" 1
the guns Lost the kings arms
Cap! Laurance i Serg 1 oliver Lakin i
Serg'. oliver wright i Corp! Nehemiah Goold i
Simon wheeler i Stephen foster i
Eleazer Ames i Abel Sawtell i
Joel Crosby i
The two papers here given refer to the expedition against
Crown Point :
GROTON June y c 25" 1755
Rec' 1 of Lieut Ephraim Wesson Six pounds Seven Shilings and
three pence old tenor as Subsistance to albaney each of us are soldiers
to Crown Point.
FRENCH AND INDIAN WAR. 169
Jonas Woods Japtha Richardson
Isaac Patch Isaac Wesson
Isaac Patch junr Zach a Wilthe [Withee]
Jonathan Foster Nathaniel Nutting
his John Trowbridge
Simeon X Foster Jonathan Green
Joseph X Denow
A List of the names that are inlisted for the Expedison to Crown Point
into Capt Reeds Compeney by me Ephraim Wesson
Isaac Patch Zacriah Wethe [Withee]
Isaac Patch Jun r Isaac Wesson
Jonathan Green Nathaniel Wesson
John Hobart Japtha Richardson
Jonathan Foster Joseph Denoro
Semeon Foster John Trobridge
Jonas Woods John Shipley
Nathaniel Shatuck Nathaniel Nutting
The following letter was written by Colonel William Law-
rence to the Honorable Spencer Phips, at that time the
Lieutenant-Governor of the province. Colonel Lawrence
was then in command of the soldiers stationed along the
frontiers in this neigborhood. The letter was dated a few
weeks before the Battle of Lake George, a period of great
excitement among the inhabitants of the border towns.
Lieutenant Lawrence, who is mentioned, was a younger
brother of the writer :
May it- Please your Honour
I had Desired Lieu' Lawrence to order a Scout to Pequage [Athol]
before I Reef your Honours Letter which he had Done & from thence
to Northfield tho none was Placed at Pequage but in as much as Pe-
quage Does not appear more Exposed to the Enemy if so much as
several other Places between y? rivers merimack and Connetticut that
are within this Province and I apprehending your honour might not be
1/0 FRENCH AND INDIAN WAR.
So well acquainted with the Curcomstances of those Frontiers I Did
not order y: Lieu! to Place but ten men at Pequage for if fifteen had
been sent there other places must have been left so naked that no
Scouting Could have been Done which I am sencable was y: Courts
Disigne but if what I have ordered Should not be agreeable I
should be Glad to know your Honours mind. I find it is Difficult to
satisfie the People with so few men in so long a Frontier but shall
take yf best Care I Can so far as I am concern 1 ' to give orders for
Every thing to be Done that your Honour Shall think best but if Pos-
sible I think best to keep out all y;' new plantations in this Province
but I am afraid that thirty men is not sufficient. So with Great
Regard, I remain your Honours most Humble and obedient Servant
GROTON July y? 29: 1755
To y? Hon^l e Spencer Phips Esq r . e
[Massachusetts Archives, LIV. 521.]
It was in the spring of 1755 that the territory of Acadia,
or Nova Scotia, fell under British authority; and the con-
quest was followed by a terrible act of cruelty and violence.
The simple Acadians, unsuspicious of the designs of the
English leaders, were assembled in their churches, in obe-
dience to military proclamation; and thence, without being
allowed to return to their homes, were driven at the point
of the bayonet on board ships, to be scattered over all
the English colonies in America. This was done with so
little regard to humanity that, in many instances, wives
were separated from husbands, and children from parents,
never to see one another again. It \vas upon an incident
connected with this act of tyranny that Longfellow's poem
of Evangeline is founded. T\vo of the French families,
ten persons in all, were sent to Groton, where one of the
mothers died, not many months after her arrival, perhaps
from the rude transplanting. A few years later an Acadian
family is mentioned as living here ; but the household had
FRENCH AND INDIAN WAR. 171
become divided, some of the little children being sent to the
neighboring towns. Our pity for these unfortunate people
will be stronger when we reflect that they were miserably
poor, among a race who spoke a strange language, followed
other customs, and abominated their religion. Under these
circumstances their homesickness must indeed have been
bitter ; but we have reason to believe that they were treated
with tender care by the people here. We learn from the
records that they were furnished with medical attendance, and
articles necessary for their bodily comfort.
Many interesting papers bearing on this subject are found
among the Archives at the State House, in the two volumes
marked " French Neutrals," as these people were sometimes
called. The following documents are there given :
The Province of the Massachusetts Bay D'
To the Town of Groton for Keeping Ten Franch Persons and
findeing them many Nesecareyes for thare Support when many of
them Ware Sick &c.
Begining the 2 I s . 1 of May AD 1756. To Jan?' y e 6'. h 1757
F 1 James Prescott Esq r as by his Acco c ;o 600
F 1 Mr. Benj" Stone o 16 4 o
F 1 Mr. Sam! 1 Bowers for Provisions &c i 1 7 7 o
P d Barnibus Mach Charril and others for a Lume Wheels
and Tacklin about s d Lume 112 o o
P? to John Sheple for moveing' them and for Pro-
visions &c 0480
Pi 1 John Page for Sundreys &c 0122
P d Amos Lawrence for Provisions &c 0200
F 1 M rs Isaac Woods for Pork and Syder &c 11200
P? Cap! Tho* Tarbell for Milk and Meat &c 0780
P d Jacob Grag for Syder milk & Wood Carting &c 2003
F 1 Abraham Wheeler for Provisions &c 0520
P' 1 James Stone for Meal 0180
P? Nathl 1 Parker for Wood & House Rent o 10 o o
[Amount carried forward 7 16 4 i]
FRENCH AND INDIAN WAR.
\_Amount brought forward 7 16 4 i]
P.' Doct r Oliver Prescott for Doctering them 2560
P d Josiah Sartell for Suger Rum & Molasses & Peas 0770
P d LeH William Nutting for House Rent and other
things that He provided for them 2 13 4 o
P d the Wid Elizabeth Sheple for what she Did for the
franc h and Provisions c 0800
short of i s p week
[Massachusetts Archives, XXIII. 306.]
The Province of the Massachusetts Bay D r
To The Town of Groton from Jan? 1 ye 20"' 1757 to This Day for
Supporting the two franch famileys in s d Town c being ten in
P. d BenjP Lawrence for Wood
P d Isreal Hobart for Wood & Milk &c
P. 1 s d Hobart for more Wood meat & Salt
P d Doc'. r Oliver Prescott for them
P d Doc" Oliver Prescott for meats
P: 1 Isreal Hobart for malts & Wood & milk
P. d s d Hobart for House Rent & Milk
P d Josiah Sartell for Rum molasses & Sugar when sick at
Sundrey Times and Wood
P d John Ames for removeing the franch
also one ax Provided for them
Totall -; 13 9 o
By Order of the Select men of sd Town Groton Sep'. ye 2 d , i 75 7
Since the aboue was Paid for the franch &c we have Paid out in
October Last for thare further Support in Life and for Buring one of
FRENCH AND INDIAN WAR. 173
the mens wife and findeing funariel things &c the whole Sum To Israel
Hobart which is jC l 1 9 9 2
P d Abel Lawrence for Diging the Grave & 0280
P? Docter Oliver Prescott for Vesn. & Medicins o 8 1 1 o
211 4 2
? This By Order of the Selectmen of s d Town Nov r
ye 22* 1757 7 T 3 9
a little above 6 ce p week total 10 5 i 2
p JOSIAH SARTELL
[Massachusetts Archives, XXIII. 461.]
On the back of the paper is written :
Warn 1 Advis d Dec r 6. 1757
In the report of a Committee, dated April 18, 1761, ap-
pointed by the General Court to distribute French Neutrals
among the towns of Middlesex County, it is stated that they
have assigned to
Groton Rain Bobbin [aged] 37
Marg' his wife 39
John his son 13
Matturen D 1 1
Joseph D 8
Eliz 5 weeks
Pepperil Marg' Marshal 18
Mary Bobbin daug' of Rain Bobbin 3
Townsend Paul Oliver Bobbin 7
Peter Bobbin son to Rain Bobbin of Groton 5
[Massachusetts Archives, XXIV. 468.]
The surname, perhaps, is spelled wrong, as people in those
days were not used to writing foreign, wojds ; very likely it
should have been Beaubien. The/emomal authorities showed
but little humanity when they took away these small children
from their mother and put them in different towns. Other
FRENCH AND INDIAN WAR.
families were sent at the same time to Dunstable, Westford,
Many Groton men were in the expedition sent against Nova
Scotia, which brought away these poor French families. The
Journal of Colonel John Winslow, the commander of the ex-
pedition, in three folio volumes, containing copies of the vari-
ous muster-rolls of his command, is preserved in the library of
the Massachusetts Historical Society. The force was made
up of two battalions, and each battalion had a lieutenant-
colonel and two majors. It appears that each of the field-
officers commanded a company, or had one called by his
name ; and there was one known as Governor Shirley's
Company. The muster-rolls have a common heading, dated
"Bason of Annapolis Royal Nova Scotia May 28"' 1755."
From the Journal I gather the following names of soldiers,
either natives or residents of this town, who took part in' the
LIEUTENANT COLONEL JOHN WINSLOW'S COMPANY.
Men's Names Station Age Place of Birth Last residence Occupation
John Lakers [Lakin ?]
Nath 11 Ballard
Ephr 1 ." Parker
CAPTAIN HUMPHREY HOBBS'S COMPANY.
Groton Groton Labourer
FRENCH AND INDIAN WAR.
CAPTAIN HUMPHREY HOBBS'S COMPANY Concluded.
Place of Birth
LIEUTENANT COLONEL GEORGE SCOTT'S COMPANY.
Will 111 Saunderson
Drum^ 19 Groton Groton Farmer
Private 23 Harwidck Carpenter
CAPTAIN PHINEAS STEPHENS'S COMPANY.
Benj a Gilson
CAPTAIN ABIJAH WILLARD'S COMPANY.
Nath 1 Turner
FRENCH AND INDIAN WAR.
EPIIRAIM JONES'S COMPANY
Place of birth
Will" 1 Spaulding
Simon Lakin Jun
Nath 1 Savtell
Eleaz 1 : Spaulding
Jon a Woods
Eleaz r Wipple
CAPTAIN SAMUEL GILBERT'S COMPANY.
Private 40 Groton Stow
During the latter part of this war some of the soldiers
I think it was one half were supplied with bayonets, and
known as " bayonet-men." At the State House are found
the lists of such as belonged to the two Groton companies.
They are now of considerable interest, as showing some of
the men who did military duty in that eventful period. The
lists are dated December 19, 1758. These names are largely
represented in the families living in the town at the present
The following is the list of the bayonet-men who belonged
to Captain John Bulkley's company :
FRENCH AND INDIAN WAR.
Stephen Peirce, Sergeant,
Ephraim Severance, Corporal,
Peter Parker, Corporal,
Jacob Gragg, Jr.,
Ephraim Nutting, Jr.,
Nathaniel Woods, Jr.,
John Woods, Jr.,
Nathaniel Lawrence, 3d.
On the back of the paper are given the names also of
Sergeant Reuben Woods and Jonathan Sheple, Jr.
The following is the list of the bayonet-men in Captain
James Prescott's company : -
Joseph Page, Sergeant,
Timothy Moors, Corporal,
Ebenezer Farnsworth, Jr.,
David Sawtell, Jr.,
Silas Parker Barron,
Joseph Page, Jr.,
William Parker, Jr.,
Elisha Rockwood, Jr.
The names also of Sergeant Elisha Rockwood, Corporal
Abel Lawrence, and Ephraim Sawtell, Jr., appear in another
place on the same paper.
FRENCH AND INDIAN WAR.
Joseph Longley, of Groton, a sjon of John, who was
taken prisoner by the Indians in July, 1694, was mortally
wounded at the siege of Fort William Henry, in August,
1758. His son, Joseph, Jr., also served, as a very young
man, during one year of the French and Indian War, and
subsequently with great credit during five years of the Revo-
lution. The son died at Hawley, Massachusetts, July 8, 1836,
at the advanced age of ninety-two years.
According to the inscription on the monument to the
memory of Captain Abram Child, in the old burying-ground,
he entered the army at the age of seventeen years, and served
under General Amherst at the capture of Fort Ticonderoga
and Crown Point during the summer of 1759.
THE following papers are found among the files of the
Middlesex County Court, at East Cambridge, in the bundle
marked " 1659 April 5." They appear to be in the nature
of promissory notes, and are in the handwriting of John
Tinker, who a few months later had from the government a
monopoly to trade with the Indians at Groton and Lancas-
ter. My attention was called to them by Henry Stedman
Nourse, Esq., of Lancaster, to whom I am indebted for the
copies. Petobawok and Petapowok are different forms of
Petaupaukett the Indian name of Groton. Cattaconamak
and Catacomumok are other forms of Catacoonamug, and
apply to the tract of land in the neighborhood of Shirley.
There is a Catacoonamug Brook in that town. Boundary
lines between places were never distinctly marked by the In-
dians, but left indefinite. The expression " in foure moones "
evidently means four months ; but I am in doubt in regard
to that of " 2 hunting times: "
These j> r sents testefieth That wee James Indian otherwise called
Quagnisheman of Cattaconamak : Nomahnacomak of Petobawok and
ISO MISCELLANEOUS MATTERS.
Mahmachecomak of Cataconamak do acknovvledg ourselves to owe
and to be indebted unto John Tinker the sume of twenty five pounds
and ten shillings at the Rates of six a peny vvompom. to be give to
him the said John Tinker his kindred frends or whome evr he shall
Appoynt, the one halfe therof in foure moones in good beaver at prises
as all marchants give, and the other halfe in nine moneths in like good
beaver at like prices at his house at Petapowak, and for the good per-
farmanc thereof we binde ourselves and either of us. our kindred
frends and all we have, In Wittness whereof we the said James,
Nomanacomak and Mahmacheckomok have hereunto sett our markes
dated feb r 13"' 1656 Signed by James and Nomanacomak in the
RICHARD SMITH the mark CM of
JOHN X V WHITCUM JAMES INDIAN
Signed by MAMACHECOMAK in the the mark X of
<g r sents of ROBERT BLOOD NOMANACOMAK
the mark ;? W of the mark X of
JOHN WHITCOM MAMACHECOMAK
This within said Engagement is againe owned and Consented to and
Confirmed, and delivered as theire act and deed at the house of Jn
Tinker in Lancaster the i8 th : 12'": 1657 and do agree all shall be
paid in 2 hunting times after this date, at least
ddy [delivery?] in the <gsents of us
JOHN ( 2 WHITCOMB Jun
These p r sents testefieth That wee Wamscahacetts and mamacheco-
mak of Cattacomumok and Nomanacomak of Petapowok do herby
acknoledg to be indebted to John Tinker of Petapowok the sume of
Twenty one pounds thirteen shillings which is fourskore & six fadum
and three shillings at 6 wompoms a peny and five shillings a faddum
to be paid to the said John Tinker, or his Kindred or frends which he
shall apoynt, one halfe thereof in foure mounethes and the other halfe
in ten moneths and to the true performance, or to be well paid wee
Wamscahacet Mamachecomak & Nomanacomok do binde ourselves
MISCELLANEOUS MATTERS. l8l
and either of us our kindred and Trends and all that we have, to make
it good, wittness our markes dated : feb r 14 th 1656
Signed by the mark X of MAMACHECOMAK
MAMACHECOMAK and the mark X of NOMANACOMAK
NOMANACOMAK in the sents of the mark ' N ^ of WAMSCAHACET
the 2 W mark of
This within said Engagement is againe consented to, acknoledged
and Confirmed by the within said Womscahacett, Nomanacomack
and Mamachecamak by owning it and delivering of it as their act and
deed, only they agree amongst themselves that Nomanacomek shall
pay one of the skins, mahanuet one. & James two, and Womscahacet
ddy At the house of Jno. Tinker in Lancaster 18 : i2mo : 1657
In the presents of us
JOHN 2 WHITCOMB Jun r
The following entry in the Records (I. 174) of the Middle-
sex County Court, April 5, 1659, appears to be connected
with this transaction :
Nanamakamucke, mamakekummuk Indians, appearing w th an In-
dian Interpreter before the Court, do acknowledge a Judgmen) of forty
& two pounds, seaventeen shill : & six pence to be pd. in peage, at six
a peny, to Mr Jno. Tinker, for the paymt of s'vrall bills cancelled, &
left on file in Court.
The Company of Massachusetts Bay received from the
Council for New England their grant of land, or the patent
by which they held their territory ; and they received from
the King their charter, securing to them the right to make
their own laws and choose their' own officers. Property in
182 MISCELLANEOUS MATTERS
the soil was given to the Company by the patent ; yet the
rights of the Indians as previous occupants were recognized
by the local government, and often regarded by the English
proprietors in the acquisition of land. It was certainly to the
credit of the early settlers that they acknowledged these
rights and were willing to extinguish them by purchase.
This action on their part did not make the title to the land
any clearer in a court of law, but it established a principle.
During some years before the charter was annulled, its im-
pending fate was feared, and the colonists thought that their
landed possessions might be forfeited to the Crown. In this
state of affairs they undertook to strengthen their claims
by purchase from the Indians ; and many instances are re-
corded of sales to them. It was thought, moreover, that
buying the land of the original owners would give a title
paramount even to that of the King. Various entries are
found in the tow r n-rccords of Groton, which show that the
early proprietors took similar action in regard to their
I herewith give several extracts from the records, bearing
on this point, without any attempt to correct the spelling or
modernize the language. The crude and illiterate phrases
impart a coloring to that period, and deepen the light and
shade of those times, which a finished picture would not
represent. Moreover, they are a fair expression of the
daily life of the common people, which was rough, honest,
At a ginarall Town meting upon 25 d 10 m 1683 John Page
John Parish Insin Lorinc
as you are C'hosin a comity for and in the behalf of the Towne
you are desiered for too prone the Rit and titill we haue too our
Tooun ship by all the legall testimony which can be procucrid when
the Toown is sent too by aney a Tority and if aney ingins can prone
a lagiall titall too the Remainer of our Town ship you haue power
too by it at as easi a lay as you can and mack it as snr as may be in
MISCELLANEOUS MATTERS. 183
the behalf of the Toown and you shall haue Reasinabll satisfackion
for your payns.
JONATHAN MORS Clark
in the nam of the selckt men 31 d 10 m 1683
It will be noticed that the town-meeting was held on Christ-
mas ; and three weeks later the Committee made their report,
giving the expenses of their work, as follows :
at A ginnrall Town meting upon the 14 d n m 1683 the Toown
comity did giue in thar acount of thar chargis for the purchis of our
Town ship with the indins
thar Chargis in money-Eckspencis i 10
2 for thar tym in Town pay twelue
shilins apese which doo amount too i 16 o
uotid that the comity was too entr the ded
in too the cunty records for this sum
14 d ii m 1683 at a ginnrall Toown meting it was agred upon
and uoted that this publick chargis con sarning the purchis of our
Toown ship shall be raysed by the furst grants and too horn thay war
furst grantid too
at the sam meting it was agred upon and by not declarid that if any
parsin doo Refus too pay for the purchis of this ingin titell too our
Toown ship thar pur porsion thar nams are too be entred in too the
at a ginnrall Toown meting upon the 14 d 11 m 1683 4 it was
agred upon and uoted that this Bublick chargis con sarning our purchis
of our indin titll shall be Leuied upon our ffurst grants of lands and
thay shall pay in hose hands thay are found
In accordance with the vote passed at this town-meeting,
" that the comity was too entr the ded in too the cunty
records," the instrument was duly recorded in the Middlesex
Registry of Deeds (IX. 27), at East Cambridge. It is as
Co all people to whom these p r sents shall come greeting know yee
M r John Tom Dublit & his wife & their Eldest son little Indians to
Jame ffox, alias Gasumbitt, M r Jacob alias Patatuck all ^rotton
1 84 MISCELLANEOUS MATTERS.
of Weymessit & Thomas Waban of Natick all of them Indians &
Inhabitants as afores' 1 and within the Massachusetts Colony in New
r England for and in consideration of the full & just sum of
for 2810 twenty and eight pound ten shill. to me well and truly payd
& security given to them according to law by Corporall John Page, Ens :
Nathaniel Lawrence & John Parresh all of the Towne of Grotton. \v ch
is to the full satisfaecon & content of the afores' 1 Indians and thereof
and of every part thereof do acquitt, release and discharge y c s d John
Page & Nathaniel Lawrence & John Parresh & their heyrs & Admin-
istrators for ever by these p r sents. fjabt granted, bargained &: sold,
aliened enfeoffed & confirmed, & by these p r sents do fully,
freely clearly and absolutely grant, bargaine sell, alien,
enfeofe & confirme to the now Inhabitants of the Towne of Grot-
aii that Plan- ton afores d and to their heyrs & Associates forever All
tation called ,
Grotton & every part of that Iract ot land which is called Grot-
ton plantation according to the full Extent of the bounds thereof, on
both sides of Nashaway River, as it is granted to them by the
hon ble Gen" Court of the Massachusetts Colony. Co
J)ai) ant to IjolU the abovs' 1 Tract of land with all the
priviledges & appurtenances to the same apperteyning or in any
wise belonging to them the s' 1 Inhabitants of the Town of Grotton &
to their heyrs & Associates forever & to their & their only propper
use and behoofe And .they the s d M r John Tom Dtiblitt & his
wife and their son ..the Eldest of them, little James ffox & Jacob
Pataatuck & Thomas Waaban for themselvs, their heyrs & Adminis-
trators do covenant, promise & grant to and with the afores' 1 John
Page, Nathaniel Lawrence & John Parresh (as Trustees for & in be-
halfe of the whole Inhabitants of the afores d Towne of Grotton) &
with their heyrs & Assigns forever, that they the s d M r John Tom
Dublitt & his wife & their Eldest son &: little James ffox, alias
Gasumbitt & Jacob Patatuck & Thomas \Yaaban & each of them
are the true and propper heyrs of the aboues d Tract 'of land as to all
manner of Indian Title, that either is or may conceived to be.
And that they have good right, full powr & lawfull Authority the
p r mises to grant, bargaine & confirme to them the s 1 Inhabitants of
Grotton & to their heyrs, Associates & Assigns forever. And that
they the s d Inhabitants of the Town of Grotton their heyrs Associ-
ates & Assigns forever shall and may at all times & from time to
MISCELLANEOUS MATTERS. 185
time forever hereafter quietly and peaceably have, hold, occupy,
possess & enjoy the s d whole Tract of land or plantation with all
the priviledges, profitts & commodityes of the same without the law-
full lett, hindrance, Eviction expulsion, sute, molestation or denyall
of them the s d M r John Tom Dublitt & his wife & their Eldest son
little James ffox, Jacob alias Patatuck & Thomas Waaban their
heyrs or Executors, Administrators or Assigns of them or of either
of them or of any other person or persons whatsoever whither In-
dian or English claiming or having any right, title or Interest therein
or thereunto by from or under them or either of them (as to Indian
Title of land) or by any other lawfull ways or means whatsoever.
In witness whereof, the s d M r John Indian & Tom Dublitt and
his wife & their Eldest son little James ffox, Jacob alias Patatuck
& Thomas Waaban have affixed their hands & seals
, ioth Janur 1683
hereunto this tenth day of January, In the year of our
Lord God one thousand six hundred eighty & three, four, and in the
thirty and five year of y e reigne of our sovereigne Lord King
Charls the second
in y e presence of us
THO : HINCHMAN his mark & scale -f- M R JOHN and scale
JOHN FFISKE TOM O DUBLITT his mark and scale
JONATH. DANFORTH Sen r his E wife her mark & scale
JAMES BROWN LITTLE D JAMES his mark & scale
JAMES RUMBLY MARSH JACOB 8 PATATUCK his mark & scale
CAP T E TOM THOMAS WABAN & scale
his marke TOM S DUBLITTS SON & scale
Pompequoout, alias M r John, Thomas Neepamimp alias Dublitt
& Sarah his wife. Pasumbitt, alias little James fox & Petatook alias
Jacob Indians of Weymeset & Thomas Waban Indian of Natick,
acknowledged the within written Instrument to be their Act & Deed
Jan. ii. 1683/4
Before PET : BULKELEY Assis 1 .
Recorded. 17. 3. 1684
by THO : DANFORTH. R.
1 86 MISCELLANEOUS MATTERS.
James Rumbly Marsh, one of the witnesses to the deed,
was a friendly Indian, of much service to the English during
King Philip's \Var. He is mentioned by Gookin in the
" History of the Christian Indians," where his middle name is
written Rumney, which is the correct spelling. He was the
spy who gave timely information in regard to the intended
attack on Lancaster, which, however, was not heeded. Rum-
ney Marsh is the old name of Chelsea ; and James, by living
in that town, acquired this designation. Sometimes he was
called James Ouannapohit or Quanapaug.
By referring to the proceedings of a town-meeting, held on
June 8, 1702, it will be seen that other persons besides the
Committee, acting doubtless on their own responsibility, had
acquired nominal rights from the Indians. The following
votes were then passed : -
at a town meting legally warned Jun eighte 1 702 the town did
note that thay would giue Peleg larraness Eairs three acers of
madow whare thay ust to Improue and tenn acers of upland neare
that madow upon the Conditions following that the aboue sd Peleg
larrances heirs do deliuer up that Indian titelle which thay now
haue to the town
JAMES BLANCHARD Clarke
at a town leaglly warned Jun : eight 1702 the town : did uot that
thay would giue to robart robins Sener three acers of madow where
he uste to Improue : and ten acers of upland near his madow upon
the Conditions forlowing that he aboue sd Robart Robbins doth
deliuer up that Indian titels which he now hath : to the town
JAMES BLAXCHARD town Clarke
The general practice of selling land to the English caused
some hard feeling among those Indians who received none
of the purchase money. Naturally they felt dissatisfied with
the proceedings ; and only a few months after the sale to the
town of Groton, a considerable number of them requested the
MISCELLANEOUS 1 MATTERS. 187
General Court to have a committee appointed, who should
examine the subject in all its bearings. The petition is as
To the Hcnred Governer Deputy Governer and assistants together
with the Honred hous of deputyes now sitting In Generall Court
assembled In boston Sept 1 "- (IO M ) (W84)
The petition of Cap' Tom and Will Nahaughton and Thomas
Dublett (Indians) & Diuers other most humbly sheweth that whereas
your servants haue been and are aproued freinds to the English and
sence the warr [King Philip's] the Honred Generall Court was pleased
to state for the Indians severall plantations, one of which we vnder-
stand to be at malbery, we doe vnderstand that no man is to bye
Indian land without leau from your Honers, we se dayly that Thomas
Woban and great James [som others interlined] appropriate to them
selues the Indian land at malbery and sell it and y l without order and
keep all the pay to them selues, and chaleng the land of Groaton and
Concord Chelmsford and bilerikye, now we beseech y l your honers
woold be pleased to take so much nottes of the bisenes for vs as to
appoint a committy to Inqire into bisenes y' Justess may be dun for
the Indians in this Case for many Indians are much disqieted about
it, we haueing shrouded our selues under the wing of your honers pro-
tection, doe Rest hopeing for a gracious answer and subscribe our
selues your Redy servants to our power
Dat the (i st ) of Sept br 1684 CAP' TOM
THO S DUBLETT
[and twenty-five other Indians, who
signed by making their marks.]
[Massachusetts Archives, XXX. 287.]
The grant of land made in the spring of 1658, by the
General Court, to Major Simon Willard, was in satisfaction of
a debt due him from John Sagamore, an Indian living at
Pawtucket, in the neighborhood of the present city of Lowell.
The land lay in the south part of Groton, then known as
Nonacoicus, and now included within the limits of Aycr.
The entry in the General Court Records is as follows :
188 MISCELLANEOUS MATTERS.
In Answer to the petition of Majo r Symon Willard The Court
Judgeth it meete to graunt his Request viz a farme of five hundred
acres on the south side of the Riuer that Runneth from Nashaway
[Lancaster] to Merremack betweene Lancaster & Groten
Courts L*raur,t L -J
to Major Sy- & is In sattisfaction of a debt of forty fower pounds Jn' J
mon wiiiard. Sagamore o f Patuckett doth owe to him Provided he
make ouer all his Right title & Interest in the execution obtayned agt
the sajd Sagamore to the countrje wch was donne (IV. 281.)
The following Indian names, applied by the early settlers
to streams, ponds, or places, in the original township of
Groton and its neighborhood, are for the most part still in
common use. The spelling of these words varies, as they
were first written according to their sound and not according
to their derivation. They have been twisted and distorted so
much by English pronunciation and misapplication, that it is
doubtful whether an Indian would recognize them in their
foreign garb. Yet, even with this drawback, they furnish one
of the few links in the chain of historical facts connecting
us with pre-historic times in America. It is rare to find an
Indian word in an early document spelled twice alike :
Babittasset the name of a village in Pepperell.
Baddacook the name of a pond in the eastern part of the tow r n.
Catacoonamug the name of the neighborhood of Shirley, as well as
of a brook in that town.
Chicopce the name of a district in the northern part of the town, but
now applied to a highway approaching it, called Chicopee Row.
Hmnhaiv the name of a brook in YVestford.
Kissacook the name of a hill in Westford.
Massapoag the name of a pond, lying partly in Groton and partly
Mulpus the name of a brook in Shirley.
Nagog the name of a pond in Littleton.
MISCELLANEOUS MATTERS. 189
Nashoba the old name of Littleton, now applied to a hill in that
town, as well as to a brook in Westford.
Nashua the name of the river running through the township.
Nissitisset the name of a river in Pepperell.
Nonacoicus the name of a brook in Ayer, though formerly applied
to a tract of land. Sometimes the word is abbreviated to
Nubanussuek the name of a pond in Westford.
Petaupaukett a name found in the original petition to the General
Court for the grant of the town, and used in connection with the
territory of the neighborhood ; sometimes written Petapawage
Quosopanagon the name of a meadow " on the other side of the
riuer," mentioned in the land-grant of Thomas Tar bell, Jr. ; the
same word as Quasaponikin, formerly the name of a tract of land
in Lancaster, but now given to a meadow and a hill in that town,
where it is often contracted into Ponikin.
Squannacook the name of a river in the western part of the town
flowing into the Nashua ; formerly applied to the village of West
Tadmuck the name of a brook and a meadow in Westford.
Unquetenassett, or Uhquetenorset the name of a brook in the
northern part of the town. It is sometimes shortened into
Wabansconcett another word found in the original petition for the
grant of the town, and used in connection with the territory of
The following letter from the Honorable James Hammond
Trumbull, whose authority in Indian philology is unques-
tioned, gives the meaning and derivation of the original name
of the town :
HARTFORD, Dec. 22, 1877.
MY DEAR DR. GREEN, Petaupauket and Petapawage are two
forms of the same name, the former having the locative post-position
(-ef), meaning " at " or " on " a place ; and both are corruptions of
one or the other of two Indian names, found at several localities in
190 MISCELLANEOUS MATTERS.
New England. From which of the t\vo your Groton name came,
I cannot decide without some knowledge of the place itself. I leave
you the choice, confident that one or the other is the true name.
"Pootuppog" used by Eliot for "bay," in Joshua, xv. 2, 5, literally
means " spreading " or " bulging water," and was employed to
designate either a local widening of a river, making still water, or an
inlet from a river expanding into something like a pond or lake.
Hence the name of a part of (old) Saybrook, now Essex, Conn.,
which was variously written Pautapaug, Poattapoge, Potabauge, and,
later, Pcttipaug, &c., so designated from a spreading cove or inlet
from Connecticut River. Pottapoug Pond in Dana, Mass., with an
outlet to, or rather an inlet from, Chicopee River, is probably a form
of the same name. So is " Port Tobacco," Charles County, Md. (the
" Potapaco " of John Smith's map), on the Potomac.
But there is another Algonkin name from which Petaupauk and
some similar forms may have come, which denotes a swamp, bog, or
quagmire, literally, a place into which the foot sinks ; represented by
the Chippeway/^tf^, a bog or soft marsh, and the Abnaki potepaug.
There is a Pautipaug (otherwise, Pootapaug, Portipang, Patapogue,
&c.) in the town of Sprague, Conn., on or near the Shetucket River,
which seems to have this derivation.
If there was in (ancient) Groton a pond or spreading cove, con-
nected with the Nashua, Squannacook, Nissitisset, or other stream, or
a pond-like enlargement, or '"bulge," of a stream, this may, without
much doubt, be accepted as the origin of the name. If there is none
such, the name probably came from some " watery swamp," like
those into which (as the " Wonder Working Providence " relates)
the first explorers of Concord " sunke, into an uncertaine bottome in
water, and waded up to their knees."
J. HAMMOND TRUMBULL.
The last suggestion, that the name came from an Algonkin
word signifying swamp, or bog, is probably the correct one.
There are many bog meadows, of greater or less extent, in
different parts of the town. Two of the largest one situ-
ated on the easterly side of the village, and known as Half-
MISCELLANEOUS MATTERS. 191
Moon Meadow, and the other on the westerly side, and known
as Broad Meadow, each covering perhaps a hundred acres
of land are now in a state of successful cultivation. Before
they were drained and improved, they would have been best
designated as swamps, or bogs.
A singing-book, entitled " Indian Melodies," was published
at New York, in the year 1845, containing a tune called
" Groton." The compiler of the work was Thomas Commuck,
a Narragansett Indian, then living at Manchester, Wisconsin
Territory. He asserts that all the tunes mentioned in the
book, as well as their names, are Indian, which is a mistake.
Groton is an old English word, in use more than eight hun-
dred years ago, and its Latin form is found in Domesday
There are several tunes called Groton, given in different
singing-books, but the earliest one that I can find is in Jacob
Kimball's " Rural Harmony," published at Boston, in the
year 1793 ; and I am inclined to think that the author of the
work wrote it himself. Mr. Kimball was born in Topsfield,
Massachusetts, on February 15, 1761, and graduated at Har-
vard College in the class of 1780. He studied law with
Judge William Wetmore, of Salem, and was admitted to the
bar in the year 1795. Before this time he was a school-
teacher and a noted composer of music. He wrote quite a
number of tunes, and some of them were named after the
towns where he taught singing. At one time he lived in
Amherst, New Hampshire ; and it is highly probable that he
named the tune after this town. He died at Topsfield, on
July 24, 1826.
192 MISCELLANEOUS MATTERS.
Gibbet Hill, in the immediate neighborhood of the village,
was so named at a very early day in the history of Groton.
It is mentioned in the land-grant of Sergeant James Parker,
which was entered in the town-records by Richard Sawtell,
the first town-clerk, who filled the office from June, 1662, to
January, 1664-5. The tradition is that the hill was so called
from the fact that once an Indian was gibbeted on its summit.
If this ever occurred, it must have happened before Richard
Sawtell's term of office. The town was incorporated by the
General Court on May 25, 1655, but no public records were
kept before June 23, 1662.
ABNAQUI, chief, Taxous, 64.
Adams (Addams), Archelus: soldier,
164; return, 166.
Adams, Daniel : petition, 38 ; wages,
Adams, Jonathan, bayonet-man, 177.
Adams, Salom, petitioner, 19.
Addington, Isaiah, secretary, 53, 54, 69,
82. 85, 89, 91, 93, 96.
Aix-la-Chapelle, treaty, 156.
Ak-wis-sas-ne, settlement, 1 19.
Albany (Albaney), N. Y., 112, 168;
Tarbells in, 116.
Alexander, John, in garrison, 59,
Allen, Rev. Wilkes, quoted, 107.
Allen, Samuel, paid, 45.
Almy, Job, on committee, 115.
Ames family, prominent, 154.
Ames, Ebenezer, private, 160.
Ames, Eleazer : soldier, 164 ; gun lost,
Ames, Jacob : private, 128, 155 ; shoots
Indian, 131 ; petition, 132; under
Ames, John: shot, 106, 131 ; paid, 172-
Ames, Simon, not enlisted, 166.
Amherst, N. H., 191.
Amherst, Heneral Jeffrey, 178.
Amsaquonte Fort, Maine, gathering of
Indians at, 72.
Andover (Andeuer), Mass., commis-
sioner from, 42.
Anville, Duke d', fleet of, 150.
Appleton, Major, reference to, 26.
Archable, John, bayonet-man, 177.
Archaeologia Americana, allusion, S.
Ashley, Mr., allusion, 112.
Assyrian, the proud, allusion, 33.
Ata-wen-ta, Indian chief, 1 18.
Augary (Longley), John, 75.
Ayer, Mass., 13, 62, 187.
Baddacook Pond, 188.
Ballard, Nathaniel, private, 174.
Ball, Eleazer, paid, 46.
Bambazeen (Bomazeen), allusion, 67.
Bancroft family, prominent, 154.
Bancroft, Captain Thomas, So.
Bancroft, Edmund, private, 154, 165.
Bancroft, Lieutenant, charges the In-
Bancroft, Thomas, paid, 45.
Baptist meeting-house, location, 26.
Barnard, Samuel, trooper, 127,
Barnes (Barron ?), Elias, in garrison,
Barnes, John, in garrison, 60.
Barney, Daniel, in garrison, 59.
Barrett (Barret, Barrit), John, soldier,
Barrett, Lemuel, private. 152
Barron, Elias: wounded, 134; allow-
ance to family, 146.
Barron, Silas, bayonet-man, 177.
Bart, William, private, 175,
Basin of Annapolis Royal, Nova Scotia,
Bason, Samuel, private, 175.
Bass, James Lawrence, muster-roll in
possession of, 150, 151.
Bates, John, paid, 46.
Bauclen (Boyden), Josiah, soldier, 128.
Bay Government, 162.
Bayonet-men, list of, 176, 177.
Beaubien (Bobbin) family, 173.
Belcher, J., signature, 115.
Bellomont, Lord, signature, 82.
Bemis (Bemish), Ephraim, paid, 45, 46.
Benjamin, John, sergeant, 88.
Bennett (Bennet, Bennit), John, soldier,
Bennett, Joseph, private, 155.
Bennett, Samuel, at a farm, 61.
Bennett, William, private, 155.
Berwick, Maine, letter from, 54.
Beverly (Beuerly), Mass., commissioner
Billerica (Bilerekey, Bilerica, Bilerikye,
Billerekey, Billerikey, Billerkey, Bil-
rica), Mass., So, 175, 187 ; forces weak
in, 23; security, 39; inhabitants sitting
on the fence, 42.
Biscuit (Biskett), 112.
Blandford (Glasco), Mass., 112.
Blanchard, James, clerk, 186.
Blanchard, Joseph, private, 126.
Blanchard, Joseph, Jr., private, 152.
Blanchard, Simon, private, 153.
Blankets, 132, 167.
Blasdell, Dr. Henry, petition, 130, 131.
Blood (Bloud), Aaron, soldier, 164.
Blood, Caleb, bayonet-man, 177.
Blood, Ebenezer, private, 155.
Blood, James : in garrison, 59 ; killed
63, 1 06.
Blood, Joseph: soldier, 126, 128; sum-
moned as a witness, 9, 10.
Blood, Moses, private, 155, 164.
Blood, Nathaniel, in garrison, 59.
Blood, Robert (Robart) : private, 164,
166, 167; witness, 180, i8t.
Blood, Samson, private, 174.
Blood, Shattuck, bayonet-man, 177.
Blood, Widow (Widdow), Jr., settled
in garrison, 59.
Bloody Point, 174.
Bobbin (Beaubien), Eliz., age, 173.
Bobbin, John, age, 173.
Bobbin, Joseph, age, 173.
Bobbin. Margaret, age, 173.
Bobbin, Mary, age, 173.
Bobbin, Matturen, age, 173.
Bobbin, Paul Oliver, age 173.
Bobbin, Peter, age, 173.
Bobbin, Rain, age, 173.
Boidon (Boy den), Jonathan, about to
leave Groton, 104.
Boidon, Joseph, left Groton, 104.
Bomascen (Bambazeen), allusion, 73.
Bonat, Mme. Marguerite (Mgte), god-
mother, 1 10.
Bordman, William, paid, 47.
Boston (Bostoun), 16, 115, 176; Indian
hanged there, 8 ; General Court, 9 ;
boast concerning, 33 ; attack on, i 50
Boston Gazette, 131.
Boston Public Library, 35.
Boston News-Letter, 89, 105, 131.
Boutwcll, Governor George S., resi-
Bowers, Captain Jerathmel, So, 95, 96 ;
after the Indians, 63.
Bowers, Lieutenant, allusion, 58.
Bowers, Samuel: private, 155; paid,
Bowman, Captain, allusion, 127.
Boxford, Mass., 174.
Boyclcn (Bautlen, Boiden, Boydon),
John, soldier, 164.
Boyden, Josiah, private, 128, 175.
Boyenton, Abraham, private, 176.
Boynton, John, Esq., allusion, 133.
Bradford, Mass., commissioner from,
Bradstreet, Lieutenant Dudley, 154-
Bradstreet, Rev. Dudley, settlement,
97; his man slain, 104; in garrison,
107 ; allusion, 154, 156.
Bradstreet, Simon, allusion, 24.
Bragadozios, reference to, 33.
Braintree, Mass., Marshall's Diary, 87.
Brattleborough, Vt., 156.
Brattle, Cornet Thomas, order concern-
Bread, supplied, 53.
Breck, Mr. Robert, ordained, 89.
Broad Meadow, 190.
Brookfield, Mass. : allusion, 14 ; rescue
of, 1 6.
Browne, Benjamin, on committee, 115.
Brown, David, bayonet-man, 177.
Brown, Eleazer, paid, 46.
Brown, Ezekiel, sergeant, 175.
Brown, James, witness, 185.
Brown, Mr., killed, 104.
Buckminster, Colonel Joseph, account
of, passed, 127.
Bulkley ^Bulkeley, Bulkely, Bulkly),
Captain John, company, 166, 167,
Bulkley, Captain Joseph : at court-
martial, 98 ; in Lancaster, 102.
Bulkley, John, private, 155.
Bull, Samuel, paid, 44, 46.
Bunker Hill, battle, 87, 151.
Burrill, John, speaker, 93, 94.
Burt, James, private, 152, 175.
Bush, John, paid, 44, 47.
Bush, William, private, 152.
Butler, Caleb, references to his His-
tory, 58, 61, 63, 67, 89, 132, 133, 144,
Butterfield, Jonathan, allusion, 100.
Butterfield, Josiah, soldier, 164.
Butterfield, Samuel : comrade of John
Shepley, 68 ; four pounds given to,
69; captured, 70; petition, 95, 96.
Byfield, Nathaniel, speaker, 56.
CADY (Cade, Cadein, Cadye), Daniel
(Danill) : in garrison, 61 ; left Gro-
Cady, John : witness, 38 ; in garrison,
60; left Groton, 104.
Cady, Joseph, in garrison, 60.
Cady, Nicholas (Nickolass) : witness,
38 ; allusion, 60.
Cambridge, Mass. : two council-mem-
bers living in, 23 ; allusion, 36 ; com-
missioners meet at, 42; new (Newton),
Canaan, allusion, 108.
Canada (Canedy): French in, 12, 63;
expedition to, 54, 55 ; Indians not at,
58; captives, 72, 109; governor-gen-
eral, in; Tarbell brothers brought
from, 112; mission to, 120-122; In-
dians in, 141; allusion, 149; expe-
dition against, 166-168.
Canada, Daniel, paid, 45, 46.
Candlestick, removal of, 32.
Carlors (Kerley), Lieutenant, daughter
set at liberty, 35.
Casco Bay, 82.
Casco, Maine, headquarters, 53.
Catacoonamug (Catacomumok, Catta-
comumok, Cattaconamak), brook and
territory, 179, 180, 188.
Caughnawaga : Indian village, 1 10 ; chief
at, 1 16 ; Tarbells in, 1 17 ; Jesuit from,
119; boys from, 120; council of the
tribe, 121 ; painting in, 123.
Chair (vehicle), 160.
Chamberlain (Chamberlin), garrison,
Chamberlain, Edmund (Edman), about
to leave Groton, 104.
Chamberlain, Elizabeth, mother of
Chamberlain, John : kills Indian chief,
134; Paugus slain, 138, 139; stories
concerning, 140-145; soldier, 164,
Chamberlain, Jonathan, private, 175.
Chamberlain, Thomas, private, 44, 126,
128, 144, 155.
Champigny, M., report by, 64.
Chandler, Ephraim, soldier, 126, 164.
Chandler, Joseph, private, 155.
Chapin, Robert (Robart), private, 152.
Charity School at Hanover, N. H.,
Charles County, Md., 190.
Charles River, proposed stockade from,
Charlestown (Charles town, Charles
Toune, Charlestowne, Charls Toun,
Charls Toune, Charlstown, Charls
town), Mass.: death of S. Willard
at, 13; removal of the Wilberds
(Willards), 29 ; boast concerning, 33 ;
constables, 37 ; commissioner from,
42 ; allusion, 58.
Charlestown Ferry,- Mass., 61.
Charlestown, N. H. : first settlements,
148; No. 4, 162.
Charles X., interview with, 122.
Charlevoix, P. F. X. de : quoted, 64 ;
as authority, 66.
Chase, Benjamin, private, 152.
Chase, George Wingate, historian, Si.
Chelmsford (Chemsford, Chcnceford),
Mass, 15, So, 187; horsemen, 17;
forces weak, 23 ; burned, 30 ; boast
concerning, 33 ; garrison, 36 ; ammu-
nition, 37; strengthened, 39; Captain
Parker, 49; strokes on, 192.
Chelsea, Mass., 186.
Chever, James, paid, 47.
Chicopee River, 190.
Chicopee Row, Groton, Lieutenant La-
kin's house, 66, iSS.
Child, Captain Abram, 178.
Child, Joseph, sergeant, 88.
Chirurgeons, 55, 57.
Christmas, town-meeting on, 183.
Chubbuck, John, cornet, 54.
Church, Cornelius, in garrison, 60.
Church, David, paid, 45, 46.
Church, Samuel, in garrison, 61.
Churches, elders of, 90.
Churchill, A. W., allusion, 108.
Circuit Court, of first circuit, 68.
Cleaveland, Samuel, paid, 46.
Clough, "William, paid, 47.
Cobbet, Rev. Thomas, letter, 35.
Coburn, Captain Oliver, 167.
Cocheco, now Dover, X. H.. 8.
Codington, John, paid, 45.
Coffin, Peter, intention of, n.
Coffin, Rev. Paul, author, 108.
Coicus Brook, 189. (See Xonacoicus.)
Collections of Farmer and Moore,
Collections of the Maine Historical
Collections of the Xew Hampshire
Historical Society, 16.
Colonial History of Xew York, 52.
Colonists, suspicion of, 12.
Combs, Jonathan, soldier, 126.
Commuck, Thomas, compiler, 191.
Community, Groton, 89.
Concord, Mass. : \Villard, an inhabitant
of, 13 ; boast concerning, 33 ; strength-
ened, 39; governor's tour, 86; allu-
sions, 185, 187.
Concord, X. H., formerly Penacook, 9,
Concord River, proposed stockade from,
Congregation Xotre Dame, in Montreal,
Connecticut, governor of, 133.
Connecticut River, 147, 169.
Connecticut Valley, 150.
Consert, Cornellius, Dutchman, 16.
Constables, Groton, 89.
Constabulary order, 16.
Continuation of the Xarrative of the
Indian Charity School, 120.
Contoocook, X. H., 136.
Converse, Captain James, So.
Converse, James, speaker, 69, 82, 85,
Converse, Major James, letter, 187.
Cooke, Joseph, order of council to, 24.
Cooper, John, quoted, 26.
Cooper, Timothy, killed, 26, 43.
Cordwainers, 175, 176.
Corey, Oliver, private, 152.
Coteau du Lac, Canada, encounter of
Lord Amherst near, 119.
Council, 82, 85; orders of, 16, 17, 24,
89; petitions, 19, 22, 36, 38, 53, 90,
93' 95! protection, 39; proposition
before, 41 ; letter to, 49; deposition,
Court-martial, account of, 98.
Crasby (Crosby), Lieutenant, So.
Cressey, Jonathan, private, 175.
| Crisp (Crispe), Benjamin, widow of, 75.
Crisp, Jonathan, paid, 46.
i Crisp, Zachary, paid, 46.
Cromwell, Ol'ver, allusion, 62.
1 Crosby, Joel : soldier, 164; lost, 168.
Crown, interest of the, 101.
Crown Point, X. V, 162, 168, 175.
Cuming, John, 167-
Cumins, Ebenezer. soldier, 126.
Cummins, William, wounded, 136
i Curtis, Lieutenant, 38.
i Curtis, Thomas, private. 152.
Cutter, Timothy, paid, 47.
DAMON, John, paid, 45.
Dane, Jacob, paid, 45, 46-
Danforth, Jonathan : petitioner, 41 ;
Danforth, Thomas : allusion, 24 ; re-
Dartmouth College, Indian in, 121.
Davis (Davice), Aaron, private, 175.
Davis, Benjamin, private, 152.
Davis, Eleazer, petition of, 146,
Davis, Jabaz, soldier, 126.
Davis, John : in garrison, 60; location
of garrison, 62.
Davis, Nathaniel, private, 155.
Davis, Samuel, in garrison, 60; killed,
89 ; left Groton, 104.
Davis, Simon, Jr., private, 152.
Davis's Fordway, Groton, 89.
Deerfield, Mass., 115, 121.
Denison, Major-General Daniel, in-
structions of, 15.
Denoro, Joseph, private, 169.
Denow, Joseph, private, 169.
Diary, Sewall's, 84, 86.
Diary, Marshall's, 89.
Dickinson, Thomas, murder, 9, 10.
Dickson, Walter, 89.
Diuens (Divoll), Goodwife, ransomed,
Divill (Devil), drink makes, n.
Documents collected in France, 65.
Dogs : track discovered, 99 ; Indian,
Domton, Nathaniel, paid, 45.
Douglass, Daniel, soldier, 164.
Doule, William, paid, 45.
Dover, N. H. : formerly Cocheco, 8,
72 ; triumphal entry into, 135.
Dracut, Mass., men at, 146.
Dragoons : from different towns, 23 ;
sent to Groton's relief, 30; attacked,
Drunkenness, among the Indians, 10.
Dublit, James Fox, 183-185.
Dublit, John Tom, 183-185.
Dublett, Thomas, petition, 187.
Dudley, Francis, paid, 46.
Dudley (Dutly), Governor Joseph, 68,
84, 88, 90, 92, 95, 97, 98, in; tour
in Middlesex County, 86.
Dummer, fort, Vt., 156.
Dummer, Lieutenant-Governor Wil-
liam, 125 ; letters to, 128-130.
Dummer's War, end of, 146.
Dunnell, Thomas, paid, 45.
Dunstable (Donstable), Mass., 19, 52,
133, 174, 188 ; garrison, 17; troops,
80 ; governor's tour, 86; military list,
126; men posted, 128; march from,
136; Paugus there, 140; men at, 142.
Durham, N. H., 72.
Dupont, Madeleine, signature, 77.
Dutch in New York, 12.
Dutly (Dudley), Joseph, 90.
EAST CAMBRIDGE, Mass., 179, 183;
probate office, 26, 1 10.
Edwards, John, Jr., private, 152.
Egeremet, feast, 73.
Eleventh United States Infantry, 124.
Eliot, authority, 190.
Ellett, Elias, private, 154.
Elliot, Deacon, order to, 37.
Elliote, Oliver, private, 176.
Emerson, Rev. Joseph, sermon, 160.
England : war with France and Spain,
86; agreement during, 117.
Epitaphium on Simon Willard, 13.
Erwin, John, 164; bayonet-man, 177.
Essex Company, disbanded, 146.
Essex, Conn., 190.
Essex County, Mass., security of, 41.
Evangeline, poem, 170.
Exeter, N. H., Simon Stone at, 56.
FAIRBANKS, Lieutenant Jabez, 125;
company raised by, 1 27 ; letters,
Fairfield, William, on committee, 115.
Fairwell (Farwell), Ilenry, private, 155.
Farley, George, house, 42.
Farmer, Benjamin, soldier, 164.
Farmer, Daniel, prisoner, 155.
Farnsworth (Farnesworth) brothers,
133 ; settlement, 148.
Farnsworth, Benjamin, in garrison, 60.
Farnsworth, David, escape, 148, 149.
Farnsworth, Ebenezer : prisoner, 149;
Farnsworth, Ebenezer, Jr., private,
Farnsworth, Ephraim, under Lovewell,
Farnsworth, Ezra, allusion, 132.
Farnsworth, John : garrison, 61 ; loca-
tion, 62 ; ensign, 83 ; signature, 97 ;
selectman, 103 ; about to leave Gro-
ton, 104; in garrison, 107, 108.
Farnsworth, Josiah, private, 152.
Farnsworth, Matthew, in garrison, 60.
Farnsworth, Matthias, constable, 10 ;
Farnsworth, Mr., garrison, 107.
Farnsworth, Oliver, private, 152, 164.
Farnsworth, Reuben, under Lovewell,
Farnsworth, Rev. James Delap, quoted,
Farnsworth, Samuel : in garrison, 60 ;
left Groton, 104; killed, 148.
Farnsworth, Stephen, death, 149.
Farnsworth, Widow, in garrison, 60.
Farnsworth, William, soldier, 164, 166,
Farrer (ffarer), Jacob, witness, 180.
Farwell (Fairwell), Henry, private,
Farwell, Isaac: soldier, 126; in Charles-
Farwell, John, private, 152.
Farwell, Joseph : soldier, 163 ; signa-
ture, 166; sergeant, 174.
Farwell, Joseph, Jr., private, 152.
Farwell, Oliver, bayonet-man, 177.
Farwell, Samuel, private, 152.
Filbrick (Filbrook, Philbrick, Phil-
brook), Ephraim, in garrison, 60, 107,
Fisk, Eleazer, soldier, 164, 166.
Fisk, James: in garrison, 60; private,
Fisk, Nathan, private, 176.
Fisk, Samuel : in garrison, 60 ; private,
Fitchburg, Mass., garrison, 153.
Fitch (ffitch), Daniel, So.
Fitch, Zachariah, owner of Longley
Fletcher, Jonas, private, 176.
Fletcher, Samuel, Sr., paid, 46.
Fletcher, Samuel, Jr., paid, 46.
Fogg, Dr. John S. H., " request " in
possession of, 21.
Foot Company, still retained, 53.
Forge \ 7 illage, Mass., 108.
Forgly (Frogly), Timothy, paid, 44.
Foster, Jonathan, private, 169.
Foster, Joseph, paid, 46.
Foster, Simeon : soldier, 164 ; bayonet-
Foster, Stephen: private, 160, 164, 166,
167; firearms lost, 168.
Foster, Thomas, paid, 46.
Fovel : in St. Regis, 122; true charac-
Fox, Charles James, author, 141.
Foye (ffoye), Mr., treasurer, 113.
Framingham, Mass., 174.
France, war with England, 86.
Franklin County, N. V., 117.
French and Indian War, 150, 153.
French and Indian enemy, 63.
French, in Canada, 12, 63; in Groton,
French Indians, 149.
French Neutrals, 171.
French Refugees, 170-174.
French War, over, 141.
Frogly (Forgly), Timothy, paid, 45, 46.
Frontenac, Count de, scalps given to, 66.
Frontier garrisons, list of, 107.
Frontier towns, So; law regarding, 102.
Frost, Thomas, paid, 45, 46.
Fryeburg, Maine, 134, 137, 139.
Fuller, Micah, in Charlestown, 150.
GAGE, Edmund, paid, 147.
Galaxy Magazine, 116.
Garrison-houses : refuge sought in, 25,
26; destroyed, 27 ; Indians lodge in,
35 ; location, 61 ; still standing, 108.
Garrisons : protection in, 59 ; exposed,
Gasumbitt (James Fox), Indian, 183-
' Gazetteer of Massachusetts, 80.
General Court : appointment by, 8 ;
witness in, 9; in Boston, 10; entries
in manuscript records, 12 ; request,
21 ; petitions, 47, 55, 68, 70, 77, 81,
82,89,90, 112, 113, 187; application
for relief, 77, 78; act passed, 101 ;
allowance, 146; committee, 173;
George, lake, N. Y., 153, 160.
George Farley's house, reference to, 42.
Gibbet Hill, Groton, 192.
Gilbert, Captain Samuel, company, 176.
Gill, William, paid, 45.
Gillson, Michael, soldier, 128.
Gillson, sergeant, garrison, 107, 108.
Gilson, Amasa, private, 175-
Gilson, Benjamin, private, 175.
Gilson, Daniel, soldier, 165.
Gilson, Isaac, private, 155.
Gilson, John : about to leave Groton,
104; fighting Indians, 134, 135, 168,
174; at Ossipee, 139.
Gilson, John, Jr., private 154.
Gilson, Joseph: escape, 135; private,
155; application of, 156.
Gilson, Peter, bayonet-man, 177.
Gilson, Simon: soldier, 164, 166.
Gilson, Solomon, private, 175.
Glasco (Blandford), Mass., allusion, u.
Gloucester (Gloster), Mass., commis-
sioner from, 42.
Goble, Stephen, paid, 46.
Goffe, Colonel, warrant from, 130.
Goff, John, paid, 47.
Gookin, Major Daniel: quoted, 8, 186;
allusion, 23, 24.
Goold (Gould), Jonathan, private, 174.
Goold, Moses, soldier, 165.
Gordon, Father Anthony, joins Indians,
Gould (Goold), Corporal Nehemiah :
killed, 160; muster-roll, 164; firearms
lost, 1 68.
Gould, Nehemiah, private, 175.
Gragg (Grag), Jacob, 165; paid, 171;
Gragg, John, soldier, 165.
Graves, Benjamin, paid, 46, 47.
Great Road, Groton, 62.
Green, Benjamin, bayonet-man, 177.
Green, Eleazer, Sr., 154.
Green, Eleazer, Jr., private, 155.
Green, Isaac: private, 152, 155; ser-
Green, Jonas, private, 174.
Green, Jonathan, private, 152, 169.
Green, Nathaniel, paid, 46.
Green, Samuel, private, 175.
Green, William : in garrison, 61 ; loca-
Greene, John, in garrison, 61.
Green Mountains, 163.
Griffith, Richard, paid, 47.
Groton (Croaton, Grantham, Grauton,
Grawten, Grawton, Groaten, Groaton,
Groatton, Grooton, Groten, Grotten,
Grotton, Groughton, Growton) : pri-
vations of settlers, 7 ; Indian traffic,
town burnt, 8 ; drunken brawl, 9;
death of Thomas Dickinson, 10; testi-
mony, ii ; Indians and firearms, 12;
troops, Willard epitaph, 13 ; war-
taxes, Indian molestation, 14; de-
fences, 15; rescue of Brookfielcl,
Captain Thomas Wheeler, physi-
cians, 16; garrisons, 17; action of
council, iS; force lessened, 19; as-
sessment in 1675, 2O > hard winter,
21 ; frontier perils, 22 ; dragoons,
23 ; threatened by Indians, 24 ; pros-
perity, houses, and garrisons, 25 ;
assaults, meeting-house destroyed,
26; Nutting killed, 27; sanctuary
burned, English pamphlets about
King Philip's War, 28 ; conflagration,
29; Hubbard's account of the sur-
prizall, 30 ; palizadoes and ambush, 31 ;
stratagem of old Indian, babe cut
in pieces, One-eyed John, 32; Indian
sarcasm, Indians shot by Captain
Sill, 33; conflicting accounts recon-
ciled, 34 ; ambuscado, prisoners for ran-
som, Cobbet's account, 35; Morse's
petition, town abandoned by settlers,
36; action of council about horses
and ammunition, 37 ; the Adams pe-
tition and Woods testimony, 38 ;
critical season, report about defences,
39; stockadocs, 40; river stockade,
41; report of committee, 42; fam-
ilies, prisoners, hounds, 43; church,
monument, 44 ; list of soldiers-
45-47 ; town re-established, 47 ; pe-
tuion for help, 48 ; James Parker's
letter to the governor, 49-50 ; In-
dian vices, 51 ; Nicholson's letter,
unsettled condition of town, 52 ; cav-
alry, military headquarters, 53 ; com-
missary, 54; surgeon's bill lor John
Paige, 55 ; slight incidents, 56 ; Si-
mon Stone's danger, Indian baptism,
57 ; Jacob Indian, 58 ; garrison lists,
59-62 ; beginning of King William's
War, 63 ; accounts of Cotton Mather
and Pere Charlevoix, 64; allusions
by Judge Sewall and the French,
65 ; Canadian attack, 66 ; casualties,
captives, 67; Shepley petition, 68;
allowance, 69 ; Parker family's relief,
70; girl captive, 71; Indian expe-
dition, 1695, 72; captives taken to
Canada, 73 ; Longley family, 74-76;
straitened condition of the town, 77;
petition, 78, 79; troops posted, So;
men killed, Si ; Holclen petition,
short crops, 82 ; aid asked for, 83 ;
the wounded, 84 ; action of council,
85 ; Queen Anne's War, Indian sym-
pathy with French, 86 ; the Prescotts,
attack in 1704, 87; Governor Dud-
ley's order, 88; renewal of hostilities,
89; distress of the farmers, 90; re-
quest for relief, 91 ; assault in 1706,
92; Ilealy petition, 93; Seager pe-
tition, 94 ; cruelty towards prisoners,
95; Butterfield allowance, 96 ; settle-
ment of Bradstreet, 97 ; court-mar-
tial, 98-100; roving savages, 101 ;
desertion of frontier towns, 102-104 ;
Indian depredations, 1707-9, 105;
Shattuck and Lawrence families,
106 ; frontier garrisons, 107 ; location
of houses, captives, 108; Tarbell
children, captives in Canada, 109-
124; Indian enemy, 125; military
list, 126; colonial payments, military
company, 127; scouts, 128; Fair-
banks letters, 129; medical services,
130; murder by Indians, 131 ; scalps,
132; Farnsworth affair, 133; Love-
well's fight, 134 ; the Symmes sermon,
135-137; Paugus, 138; prisoners to
Canada, 139; Indian vendetta, 140-
144; traditions, Isaac Lakin, 145;
Lovewell's War, Eleazer Davis, 146 ;
Sartell petition, 147 ; dangers in 1744,
settlers in Charlestown, No. 4, 148;
ransoms, 149; King George's War,
150; muster-roll, 151; privates, 152;
receipts, relief to Fitchburg, 153;
dangers in 1748, 154; list of scouts,
155; Fort Dummer, allowance, peace,
156; last intercolonial struggle, 157;
Lawrence petition, Fort Halifax, 158;
Woods petition, 159; military ser-
mon, 160; Lakin petition, 161 ; leg-
islative action, 162; roster, 163-167;
arms lost, 168; Crown Point expe-
dition, Lake George, 169; Acadia,
170 ; French refugees, 171-173 ; mus-
ter-rolls, 174-176; bayonet-men, 177;
old burial-ground, 178; Indian prom-
issory notes, 179-181 ; land-grants,
182; Christmas town-meeting, 183;
Indian bond, 184, 185 ; monetary dis-
satisfaction, 186 ; Indian petition,
187; farm-grant, 188; Indian geo-
graphic names, iSS, 189 ; Indian name
for Groton, 190; Indian Melodies,
191 ; Gibbet Hill, 192.
Groton, Vt., 163.
Gun : payment for, 93 ; lost, 162.
HAGAR, Samuel, paid, 45, 46.
Halford, William, paid, 45.
Half-Moon Meadow, Groton, 191.
Half-way Brook, 153, 159, 160, 162,
Halifax, fort, Maine : situation of, 158 i
Hall, Benjamin H., author, 156.
Hall, Ephraim, soldier, 165.
Hall, John, about to leave Groton, 104
Hall, Robert, on committee, 146.
Hands, John, paid, 47.
Hanover, charity school, 120.
Hardwick (Harwidck), Mass., 175.
Harris, Benjamin, soldier, 126.
Harris, John, private, 152.
Hartwell (Hartwill), Ebenezer, bayo-
Hartwell, Edward, sergeant, 126, 127.
Hartwell, James, private, 152.
Hartwell, Joseph, soldier, 164.
Hartwell, Major, in command, 153.
Hartwell, Nathan, private, 153.
Harvard, Mass., 175.
Harvard College, 62, 191.
Harvest season, So.
Hassanamesit, Indians ordered to re-
side at, 18.
Hassell, Benjamin: coward, 136; false
report of, 138.
Hasting, Josiah, private, 152.
Hathorne, William, witness, 10.
Haverhill, Mass. : headquarters, 53 ;
History of, Si.
Havre, France, 122.
Hawes, John, paid, 45.
Hawkins (Ilaukins), William, butcher
and surgeon, 16, 17.
Hawley, Mass., 178.
Haywood, John, author, So.
Healy, Nathaniel, killed, 93.
Hemenway, Miss A. M., authoress,
Henchman (Hinchman, Hinchmanes,
Hincksman), Thomas: lieutenant, 17;
captain, 19; account, 63; major, So;
Henchman's farm, letter from, 49.
Herkimer County, N. Y., 124.
High School, Groton, 25.
Hill, General A. Harleigh, author, 163.
Hill, Israel, paid, 45.
Hill, Jonathan, paid, 46.
Hill, Nathaniel, paid, 46.
Hinsdale, N. H., 175.
Historical Memoirs, sermon, 135
History of Charlestown, N. II., 150.
History of Chelmsforcl, Mass., 107.
History of Dunstable, Mass., 43, 141.
History of Eastern Vermont, 1 56.
History of Fitchburg, Mass., 153.
History of Groton, Mass., 144, 163.
History of Manchester, N. H., 136,
History of New France, 64.
History of St. Lawrence and Franklin
Counties, N. Y., 117.
History of the Christian Indians, S, 186.
History of the Province of Massachu-
setts Bay, 66, 116.
History of the Wars of New England,
27, 28, 131.
Hoar, president of Harvard College, 62.
Hoar (Hore), Samuel, 152.
Hoare, John, left Groton, 104.
Hobart (Hubbard), Rev. Gershom, 62,
64, 89, 154; family casualties, 67;
disability, 91 , garrison, 107, 108, 112
Hobart, Israel (Isael) : corporal, 151,
164; paid, 172.
Hobart, Jeremiah, private, 155.
Hobart, John, private, 169.
Hobbs, Captain Humphrey, his com-
pany, 174, 175.
Holden (Holdin, Holding, Holdings,
Moulding), Amos, private, 152.
Holden, Asa, private, 174.
Holden, Charles, Charlestown, N. H.,
llolden, Isaac: Charlestown, N. H.,
150; private, 154; sergeant, 174.
Holden, John, captured, Si, 82.
Holden, Jonathan, private, 154, 175.
Holden, Joshua, bayonet-man, 177,
Holden, Mr., garrison, 107, 108.
Holden, Stephen (Steven): in garrison,
60; captured, Si, 82; ensign, 154.
Holden, Stephen, Jr., captured, Si.
Hollingsworth's paper-mills, 105, 131.
Hollis road, Groton, 73, 108.
Homer, Rev. Jonathan, authority, 92.
Hore, Samuel (Sam'll), private, 152.
Houghton, Benjamin, Jr., 126.
Hough, Dr. Franklin B., author, 117,
Hound Meadow Hill, name received,
House of Representatives, 85, 89; vote
about the Iloldens, Si ; tax vote, 84.
Howard & Richardson, allusion, 112.
How, Nehcmiah, private, 175.
Hubbard's ambuscado, 35.
Hubbard, John, ransom paid by, 36.
Hubbard, Jonathan, petition, 127.
Hubbard, Rev. Mr. (See Ilobart.)
Hubbarcl, Rev. William : account of
King Philip's War, 27 ; narrative,
2 9> 33. 3 6 > 43-
Huberd (Hobart?), Mr., 112.
Huchin (Ilutchins), John, about to
leave Groton, 104.
Hull, John, treasurer of Massachusetts,
Hull's /ournal, 44.
Humhaw Brook, Westford, iSS.
Hunt, Ephraim, signature, 98.
Hutchins (Huchin), Nicholas, in garri-
Hutchinson, Governor, quoted, 66, 116.
IMPLEMENTS, stone, discovered, 7.
Indian corn, 79.
Indian, Jacob, 57.
Indian Melodies, 191.
Indian summer, 142.
Indian, surname, 57.
Indian Wars, brave men in, 56.
Indians : characteristics, 7 ; love of
drink, 8, 10, 51 ; murder, 9; supplied
with arms, n, 12; burn towns, 20,
36; prowling, 25; ambush, 27, 31,
32, 137 ; rifle houses, 30; onset, 31 ;
infant cut in pieces, 32 ; swine-hunt-
ing, 33; feasted, 34; hellhounds and
cowards, 35; killed, 38; stockade
against, 41, 42 ; given Christian
names, 57 ; murdering, 62 ; hatchets,
63 ; children guarded by, 66 ; pris-
oners, 72 ; pilates, 8 1 ; sympathy with
French, 86 ; cruelty, 94 ; bounty for
killing, 96; jealousy, 118; treaties
with governor of New York, 119;
pope's questions, 122; scalps, 132;
hunting, 134; prisoners sent to Can-
ada, 139; land-titles, 186.
Ipswich, Mass., 121 ; commissioner
Israel, the New England, 15.
JAMES'S Brook, garrison-houses, 25, 27,
James, Indian, 180.
Jeffries, David, letter to, 63.
Jeffries, William Lloyd, letter in pos-
session of, 63.
Jefts, Henry, private, 155.
Jefts, John, killed, 134.
Jenkins, Ann, testimony of, 73.
Jerusalem, allusion, 49.
Jethro, Old, Indian, 33.
Jewet, Nehemiah, speaker, 79.
Jewett, Abel, private, 153.
Jewett, Neha, private, 154.
Johnson, Lot, paid, 45.
Johnson, Mrs. Susanna, captured, 149.
Johnson, Stephen, private, 152.
Jones, Captain Ephraim, company,
Jones, Colonel Elisha, 166.
KAMP (Kemp), Zerrubbubl (Zerubba-
bel), about to leave Groton, 104.
Ka-re-ko-wo, Indian youth, 118.
Keene (Keen), N. H., 175.
Kellogg, Joseph, treasurer for the Tar-
Kemp (Kamp, Kempt), Ebenezer, bayo-
net man, 177.
Kemp, Hezekiah, private, 165, 176.
Kemp, Jabez, private, 176.
Kemp, John, private, 155, 176.
Kemp, Joseph, soldier, 165.
Kemp, Oliver, private, 176.
Kemp, Phineas, private, 175.
Kemp, Samuel : private, 152; in gar-
Kemp. Samuel, Jr., private, 154, 165.
Kemp, Silas, private, 165-167.
Kemp, Stephen, private, 165-167.
Kemp, Zerubbabel, about to leave Gro-
Kennebec Indians, more successful than
the Penobscot, 65.
Kennebec River, expedition up, 157.
Kerley (Carlors), Lieutenant, daugh-
ter set at liberty, 35.
Ketle, Goodwife, ransomed, 35.
Kidder, Benjamin, sick, 136, 139.
Kidder, James, petitioner, 19.
Kimball, Jacob, 191.
Kinderhook, N. Y., allusion, 112.
King Philip's War : letters on, 28 ; A
New and Further Narration, 29; a
friendly Indian in, 186.
Kingstown (Palmer), Mass., 112.
Kissacook Hill, Westford, 188.
Knop, James : representative, 52, 53; in
Knox manuscripts, 76.
LACHINE, Canada, convent at, 109.
Lakin (Laken, Lakers, Largin, Larkin),
Abraham, about to leave Groton, 104.
Lakin, Ambrose, private, 152.
Lakin, Benjamin (Benimin), about to
leave Groton, 104.
Lakin, Ebenezer, private, 155.
Lakin, Isaac, 134, 135; wounded, 106;
Lakin, Isaac, Jr., 155.
Lakin, Jacob, soldier, 126.
Lakin, John, 44, 161 ; ensign, 52, 53 ;
in garrison, 59 ; its location, 62 ; pri-
Lakin, Joseph : signature, 91 ; select-
man, town-clerk, 103 ; about to leave
Lakin, Josiah, about to leave Groton,
Lakin, Miriam, 161.
Lakin, Nathaniel, soldier, 164.
Lakin, Oliver : sergeant, 161, 168 ; peti-
tion, 162; bayonet-man, 177.
Lakin, Simon, private, 165-167, 176.
Lakin, Simon, Jr., 176.
Lakin, Thomas, private, 155.
Lakin, William: ensign and lieutenant,
12; on committee, 20; in garrison,
59, 107, 108 ; house attacked, 64, 66.
74; selectman, 79; about to leave
Lamorandiere, Jacques Urbain Robert
de, godfather, 110.
Lancaster ( Lanchester, Lankester,
Lankstar,) : Mass , 7, 23, 35, 52, 80,
88, 89, 127, 175, 179, 186, 189; traffic,
8; Willard there, 13 ; raid, 15 ; garri-
sons, 17, 130; catastrophe, 30; boast
concerning, 33 ; helpful, 38 ; compul-
sory removal, 40 ; escape to, 43 ; gov-
ernor's tour, 86; Indian attack, 87 :
Captain Bulkley there, 102; comman-
der from, 125, 126; enlistment, 126;
men posted, 129; men there, 146;
men from, 153. (See Nashua.)
Langly, Lidey (Lydia), captive, 72.
Lawrence (Larrance, Larraness, Law-
ranc, Lawrance, Lorinc), family,
Lawrence, Abel : paid, 173; corporal,
Lawrence, Amos: sergeant, 151 ; paid,
Lawrence, Anna (Tarbell), mother of
Lawrence, Benjamin, paid, 172.
Lawrence, Captain, biography, 151.
Lawrence, Colonel William, letter, 169,
Lawrence, Daniel, about to leave Gro-
Lawrence, Enoch (Enosh): in garrison,
59 ; location, 62 ; wounded, 84, 85,
Lawrence, Ensign (Insine), 182.
Lawrence, James, owner of Tarbell
Lawrence, John : in garrison, 61 ; father
of captain, 151.
Lawrence, Jonathan: in garrison, 60 ;
signature, 97 ; private, 155.
Lawrence, Joseph, about to leave Gro-
_ . .
Lawrence, Lieutenant, in garrison, 107.
Lawrence, Nathaniel, 184: ensign, 12;
in garrison, 60 ; soldier, 128; bayonet-
Lawrence, Peleg, in garrison, 60, 186.
Lawrence, Thomas : private, 152, 155,
163 ; lieutenant, 157 ; biography, 160 ;
I Lawrence, William: soldier, 126, 128;
clerk, 155; guardian, 164.
Lawrence, Prudence, 160.
i Lawrence, Zachariah, about to leave
Lawrence Academy, Groton, 62.
1 Leber, signature, 77.
Lecture (lecter) day, 102.
Leominster, Mass., people in, 150.
Lessley, George, private, 176.
Leverett, Governor John, Parker's cor-
respondence with, 14; allusion, 24.
Levy, Groton, 77.
Lisle, John, allusion, 62.
Littleton, Mass., 175, 188, 189; men
from, 1 53.
Londonderry, N. IL, 136.
Lodowick, Mr., in Boston, 65.
Longfellow, H. W., poet, 170.
Longley family, sad story, 73, 74.
Longley, Betty, captive, 75.
Longley, John : casualties in family, 67 ;
captive, 75; return, 76.
Longley, Jonathan, sentinel, 151.
Longley, Joseph, wounded, 178.
Longley, Joseph, Jr., death, 178.
Longley, Lydia Madeleine : captive, 75 ;
signature, 77. (See Langly.)
Longley, William: constable, 14; on
committee, 20; in garrison, 59; ac-
count of, 71; town-clerk, murdered,
75 ; family, 106.
Longley, Zachariah (Zechcria), private,
Lorette, Canada, boys from, 120.
Louisburg, N. S., death in, 150.
Lovewell, Captain John, 134, 144.
Lovewell Lamented, 134.
Lovewell's Fight, 107.
Lovewell's Pond, 134-144; company
arrives there, 137.
Lovewell's War, end of, 146.
Lowden, Richard, petitioner, 41.
Lowell, Mass., 187 : Wamesit Indians
Lower Regiment, Middlesex County,
Lund, Thomas, soldier, 126.
Lunenburg (Luninburg), Mass., 174,
175 : people in, 150.
Lynn (Linne), Mass., commissioner, 42.
MACCARROLL (Mach Charril), Barna-
bas (Barnibus), paid, 171.
Magnalia, Mather's, 56, 6^, 71, Si.
Mahmachecomak, 180; signature, 181.
Main Street, Groton, 62, 151.
Maiden (Maulden), Mass. : constable of,
37 ; commissioner from, 42.
Manchester, Mass., commissioner from.
Manchester, Wis., 191.
Marcoux, Rev. Fran9ois, parish priest,
Marine and Colonies, Archives, 64.
Marlborough (Malbery, Malbury, Marl-
borow, Marlbors'), Mass., 23, So, 88,
187; Hawkins sent there, 16; Indians,
18 ; surprise, 105.
I Marseilles, France, 122.
Marshall's Diary, 89, 92.
j Marshall, John/S".
j Marshall, Margaret, age, 173.
Marsh, James Rumbly, witness, 185,
Martin, Samuel, private, 175.
Martin's Pond road, Groton, 67,
Massachusetts : S. Willard in, 13 ; offer
made by, 133, 134.
Massachusetts Archives, references, 10,
15, 17, 19, 20, 24, 36, 37,43, 49, 54, 58,
64,69, 71-73, 79,80,82,84,85, 91,93,
94, 96, 97, 101, 104, 107, 109, 113, U4 (
126, 128, 130, 133, 146, 155, 158-173,
Massachusetts (masiacheusits) Bay,
70; province of, 84.
Massachusetts Colony, 16, 22, 184.
Massachusetts Historical Society Col-
lections, 67, 86, 87, 92, 95, 104, 174.
Mason, Hugh, petitioner, 41.
Massapoag Pond, iSS.
Mather, Rev. Cotton, quoted, 56, 63,
Mather, Rev. Increase : quoted, 27, 28 ;
letter to, 35.
Mather Manuscripts, 35.
Maulden (Maiden), Mass., constable of,
Meadforcl (Medford), Mass., commis-
sioner from, 42.
Medfield, Mass., boast of John Monaco
Medford (Meadford, Metford), Mass.,
Meeting-house monument, 44.
Mel vin, Captain, promise, 159.
Memorial of the Present Deplorable
State of New England, 95.
Meriel, pretre, signature, no.
Merrimack River: allusion to, 7, 169;
Indians on the east side, 18; garrison,
19 ; hunting on side, 50; Indians cross.
66; attack near, 74; military pas-
Merrimack Valley, braw! there, 9.
Metcalf (Medcalf), Joseph, bayonet-
Metford (Medford), Mass., 175.
Micheson, Thomas, paid, 45.
Middlesex County, Mass., 17, 39, 40;
troopers in, 12; committee, 41;
court, 179; governor's tour, 86; reg-
iments, 87 ; company disbanded, 146.
Middlesex Probate Office, no; inven-
tory in, 26.
Middlesex Registry of Deeds, 183.
Middlesex Upper Regiment, at Groton,
Miles, Hezekiah, Indian, 72.
Military watch, 64.
Millard, Humphrey, paid, 47.
Mill, Captain's, garrison, 107, 108.
Missionary tour in Maine, 108.
Mohokes (Mohawks), 50.
Monaco (Monoco), John : principal in
burning of Groton, 8 ; captain of In-
Monadnock Mountain : Indians near,
99; Wayman there, 101 ; Indians
scalp-hunting there, 133.
Montreal, Canada, 76, 109, 117, 122;
prisoner there, 149.
Moody, Samuel, on committee, 146.
Moore, Captain Jacob, commander of
Moors (Mores), Timothy, bayonet-man,
Moosehillock, Groton, 143.
Morse (Mors, Moss), Jeremiah, paid,
Morse, John : town-clerk, 35 ; ransom,
Morse, Jonathan, clerk, 183.
Moseley (Mosseley), Captain Samuel,
16; helps Parker, 14; letter, 15.
Moses and Aaron, allusion, 83.
Moss-house, first, 108.
Mousal, constable, 37.
Mulpus Brook, Shirley, 188.
Muster-roll of Captain Lawrence's com-
Mutiny, ringleaders, 98.
Myrick, John, 92.
NAGOG Pond, Littleton, 188.
Nahamcok, Indian village, 50.
Nahaughton, Will, petition, 187.
Narrative of the Captivity of Mrs. John-
Narrative of the Troubles with the In-
dians in New England, 29
Nashoba (Littleton), Mass., hill and
Nashua '(Nashaway, Nashowah, Nash-
oway), Mass., Moseley there, 15.
Nashua, N. H., 141.
Nashua River, 133, 184, 189, 190; Indi-
ans there, 87; enemy upon, 96; Shat-
tucks near, 105; north side, 131; log-
Nashua tribe, few families belonging
Nashua Valley, savages there, 7.
Nashubah (Nashoba), Mass., Indians
Nason, Rev. Elias, quoted, 43.
Nasquuns, John, drunkard, 51.
Nassacombewit, Indian, 67.
Natacook Indians, 18.
Nathaniel, principal Indian, 8.
Natick, Mass., 184.
Nehatchechin, drunken squaw, 51.
Nerigawag (Norridgewock), Maine,
Newbury (Newbery), Mass., situation,
New England : ebbing waters in, 33 ;
wish of Indian regarding, in; allu-
New England Courant, 131.
New England Historical and Genealo-
gical Register, 1 1 1.
New England Historic Genealogical
Society, 22, 44, 71.
New England's Tears, by B. Tompson,
New Hampshire, 8 ; Concord in, 9 ;
allusion, 52 ; offer made by, 133, 134.
Newichewanick (Berwick), Maine, 53.
News from New England, in London
Newton (New Cambridge), Mass., His-
tory and men of, 92.
New York City, 122.
New York, Colonial History of, 72.
New York State, Dutch in, 12.
Nichols (Nicholes), Benjamin, soldier,
Nichols, Captain Thomas, at court-
Nichols, Colonel Ebenezer, regiment,
Nichols, Samuel, private, 152.
Nicholson, Captain Francis, letter, 52.
Nissitisset River, Pepperell, 189.
Nod, Groton locality, 62.
Nomanacomak : Indian, 180; signature,
Nonacoicus (Coicus), 62, 187, 189; in
Aver, 13 ; Major Willard's quarters,
Nonantinooah, Jacob, certificates re-
lating to, 57, 58.
Norfolk, Mass., a different county, 17.
Norridgewock (Nerigawag, Norridge-
awocke, Norridgwogg), Maine, 67,
72, 73 ; man brought to, 108.
North Common, Groton, 67.
Northfield, Mass., 169; land adjoining,
Northampton, Mass., letter from, 167.
Notre Dame, Congregation, record
Norway, N. Y., Tarbell's death there,
Nourse, Henry Stedman, 179.
Nova Scotia, 150, 170; expedition, 174.
Nubanussuck Pond, \Yestford, 189.
Nutfield (Londonderry), X. II., 136.
Nutting (Xutten), Benjamin, soldier,
X T utting, Ebenezer, left Groton, 104.
Xutting, Ephraim, Jr., bayonet-man,
Nutting, Ezekiel, private, 155.
X'utting, Isaac, 165.
Xutting, Isaac, Jr., private, 166, 167.
Xutting, Jacob, private, 175; bayonet-
Xutting, James : in garrison, 59 ; signa-
Xutting, John : house used as garrison,
25 ; killed 43 ; in garrison, 59 ; soldier,
165, 1 66.
Xutting, John, Jr., private, 155, 165.
Xutting, Jonathan: private, 153; peti-
X T utting, Joseph, 165.
Xutting, X'athaniel, private, 169.
Xutting, Simeon, soldier, 165.
X T utting, \Yilliam : testimony, 100 ; pri-
vate, 155; paid, 172.
OAKES, Thomas, speaker, 96.
Old South Church, pastor of, 65.
" One-eyed John " (nickname for Mon-
aco), 8, 32.
Osgood, Benjamin, soldier, 126.
Osgood, Captain Thomas, his company,
Osgood, David, soldier, 126.
Ossipee (Ossipy), X T . H., fort there,
Ossipee River, 134.
Outlands, neglected, 97.
Outlying towns, condition of, 102.
Out-towns, law regarding, 101.
Oyster River (Durham), N. H., allu-
sions, 72, 73.
PAGE (Pag, Paige), Benjamin, private,
Page, John: witness, 9, 10; on com-
mittee, 20, 182; in Canada', 54; peti-
tion, 55 ; his son, 56; in garrisons, 61 ;
sergeant, 154; paid, 171; corporal,
Page, Jonathan, about to leave Groton,
Page, Joseph: corporal, 151; soldier,
165; bayonet-man, 177.
Page, Joseph, Jr., bayonet-man, 177.
Palisades, pulled down, 27.
Palmer, Mass., 112.
Palmer, Benjamin, settled in garrison,
Pamphlets on King Philip's War, 28.
Paris, France, 64, 122.
Parish (Paris, Parrish), John, 182, 184}
in garrison, 59.
Parish, Robert, witness, 9.
Parker family, prominent, 154.
Parker, Abiel, sergeant, 174.
Parker, Abigail, in garrison, 61.
Parker, Benjamin, under Lovewell,
Parker, Captain Josiah : town-clerk,
5 2 > 5 57; quoted, 70; petition,
71; Nathaniel Healy under, 93 ;
court-martial, 98; letter, 102.
Parker, Eleazer (Eliezar) : constable,
84 ; soldier, 165.
Parker, Ephraim, private, 174.
Parker, Gideon, private, 174.
Parker, James, Sr. : acquaintance with
Monaco, 8; lieutenant and captain,
12, 52, 53, 59, 82; letters, 14, 15, 49,
50; at Dunstable, 19; on commit-
tee, 20 ; suppliant, 22, 23 ; escape to
house of. 27 ; garrison, 32, 59, 62 ;
house fired, 35; Indians on land, 38;
selectman, 79 ; sergeant, 192.
Parker, James, Jr. : casualties in fam-
ily, 67; killed, children captives, 70.
Parker, John, Jr., private, 155.
Parker, Jonas, private, 155.
Parker, Jonathan : paid, 45 ; private,
Parker, Joseph : testimony, 58 ; in gar-
rison, 6l ; private, 155.
Parker, Lemuel, bayonet-man, 177.
Parker, Leonard, soldier, 165, 166.
Parker, Lieutenant Isaac, 148; captured,
Parker, Nathaniel : about to leave Gro-
ton, 104; private, 155, 165, 166; paid,
Parker, Obadiah, sergeant, 151.
Parker, Oliver, soldier, 164.
Parker, Peter, private, 155; bayonet-
Parker, Phinehas (Phinias) : child of
James, Jr., 70; soldier, 126; sergeant,
128; private, 175.
Parker, Samuel : in garrison, 59, 107 ;
selectman, 84 97; signature, 91.
Parker, Silas, private, 175.
Parker, William, soldier, 165.
Parker, William, Jr., bayonet-man, 177.
Parker, Zachariah, in garrison, 59.
Parkhurst, Joel, not enlisted, 166.
Parkman, Francis, historian, 64.
Partridges in St. Regis, 119.
Pascaud, M. Etienne, signature, no.
Pasmore, Richard, paid, 47. $.
Patatuck, Jacob, Indian, 183-185.
Patch, Jonathan, private, 152.
Patch, Isaac, private, 169.
Patch, Isaac, Jr., private, 155, 169.
Patterson (Paterson), Joseph : scout,
154; private, 175.
Paugus : Indian chief, 134, 137; killed
by John Chamberlain, 138, 139; his
Paugus's Hole, 145.
Paugus Brook, 145.
Payne, Thomas, servant, n.
Pearce, Simon, sergeant, 154.
Peirce, Stephen, soldier, 165.
Penacook ( Penecooke, Penicooke, Pen-
nakooke, Pennycooke),now Concord,
N. II., 9-11, 52; Indians there, 18;
not advisable to go there, 19.
Penhallow, Judge Samuel, historian,
87,92,94,95, 131, 132.
Penobscot Indians, 65.
Pepperell (Pepperrell, Pepperil), Mass.,
173, 175, 188.
Pequawket (Pequaket, Piggwacket) :
fight there, 107, 134, 142 ; tribe,
Perham (Paraham, Parham, Perrum),
John : in garrison, 60; sergeant, 100.
Perham, Joseph, leaving Groton, 104.
Perry, Obadiah, soldier, 165.
Petaupaukett (Petapawage, Petapawav,
Petapowok, Petobawok), Indian name
of Groton, 179, 189.
Peter, the Big Speak, 120.
Pettipaug (Pautapaug, Poattapoge,
Potabauge), Indian name for Say-
brook (Essex), Conn., 190.
Phelps, Jonathan: private, 165-167;
Philbrick (Filbrick, Filbrook, Philbrek,
Philbrook), Ephraim (Ephrain) : in
garrison, 60, 107 ; private, 153.
Phillips, Seth, bayonet-man, 177.
Phips, Hon. Spencer, letter, 169, 170.
Phips, Sir William, governor, 55.
Physicians, 136; scarcity of, 16.
Pierce, Daniel, in garrison, 60.
Pierce, Isaac, private, 152.
Pierce, Jonathan, bayonet-man, 177.
Pierce, Stephen, bayonet-man, 177.
Pierce, Thomas, 167.
Piggwacket (Pequawket), fight, 135, 136.
Pike, Rev. John, journal, 65, 92, 104.
Piscatacjua (Pescadoue), 64.
Pollard, Daniel, private, 155.
Pollard, Joseph, paid, 47.
Pompequoonet (Mr. John), 185.
Pontchartrain, minister, 64.
Pootuppog (bay), 190.
Portland, Maine, 68.
Potapaco (Port Tobacco), Md., 190.
Potomac River, 190.
Potter, John, paid, 47.
Potter, Judge Chandler Eastman, au-
thor, 136, 138.
Powers, David, Jr., private, 152.
Powers, Pilot Jerahl, private, 154.
Powers, Thomas, private, 152.
Pratt, John : succeeds Chubbuck, 54 ;
Pratt, Jonathan, bayonet-man, 177.
Prescott (Prescot) family, prominent,
Prescott, Abigail Oliver, 151.
Prescott, Benjamin : 151 ; treasurer,
127 ; ordered to garrison, 128.
Prescott, Captain Jonathan, at court-
Prescott, Colonel Charles, 166.
Prescott, Colonel William : ancestry,
87; company-clerk, i;i, 152.
Prescott, Dr. Oliver, paid, 172.
Prescott, James : lieutenant. 151 ; paid,
'55- I 7 l ' guardian, 165, captain, 177.
Prescott, Jonas : lieutenant, 52, 53 ;
in garrison, 60; captain, 86; signa-
ture, 91,97; court-martial, 9^ ; daugh-
Prescott, Jonathan : chyrurgeon, bill of,
56; private, 155-
Prescott, William Hickling, historian,
Priest, Eleazer, captured, 150.
Priest, John, private, 152.
Priest, Joseph, 150.
Prince Collection, 35.
Prisoners, sold to the French, 66.
Prout, Captain, orders issued to, 53.
Prout, Ebcnezer, clerk, 54.
Province galley, 71, 82,
Province of Massachusetts Bay, 172.
QUABOG (Quabauge, Quobaog, Quoah-
bauge), Brookfield, Mass., 14-19;
sagamore of, 33.
Quagnisheman (James Indian), of Cat-
Quannapohit (Quanapaug, James Rum-
bly Marsh), 186.
Quebec, Canada, 120, 122; journey to,
Hi; allusion, 141.
Quincy, Josiah, speaker, 114, 115.
Quosopanagon (Ponikin, Quasaponi-
kin), meadow and hill, 189.
RA\VSON, "Edward, secretary, 10, n, 17,
!Q. 24, 37, 43. 49
Read, John, on committee, 115.
Read, Samuel, paid, 44.
Red Bridge, Groton, 7.
Reading (Redding, Reding), Mass., So ;
commissioner from, 42.
Reed, Captain, 169.
Region, Thomas, paid, 47.
Relation, French, 65.
Remington, Jonathan, commissary, 54.
Ripley, Rev. Sylvanus, in Canada, 120-
Representatives, House of, 6S. 91. 9-;.
95-97, 114, 125, 127, 130, 132, 146,
'53. i S 6 - '59-
Revolution, soldiers in the, 154.
Rice, Charles, private, 175.
Richardson, Benjamin, soldier, 165.
Richardson, Jephthah (Japtha), private,
Richmond (Richman's) Island, 81.
Robbins (Robin), Robert (Robart), 186;
in garrison, 60; selectman, 97.
Robins, Benjamin, private, 175.
Robins, Elijah, private, 175.
Robins, Isaac, private, 176.
Robins, Philip, 165.
Robins, Robert, Jr., private, 153.
Robinson, Amos, private, 152.
Robinson, James, in garrison, 59.
Rockwood, Elisha, sergeant, 177.
Rockwood, Elisha, Jr., bayonet-man,
Rogers, William, Jr.: signature, 113;
money owed to, 116.
Rome, Italy, 122.
Ropes, holding up, 139.
Rouse (Rouce), Alexander: casualties
in family, 67 ; killed, 71.
Rouse, Tamasin (Thomasine) : at Casco
Bay, 71 ; captive, 82.
Rowley, Mass., commissioner from, 42.
Roxbury, Mass. : boast concerning, 33 ;
governor at, 103.
Rumney Marsh (Chelsea), Mass., 186.
Rundlett, holding six gallons, n.
Rural Harmony, 191.
Russel, Mr., quoted, 108.
Russell, Elijah, editor, 140.
Russell, John, on committee, 146.
Russell's Echo, 140.
Rutland, Mass.: men there, 146; scout
Rye and Indian, 142.
SACO Pond, company, 137.
Sagamore John, 187.
Sagamore Sam, 33.
Sa-kon-en-tsi-ask, Indian chief, 118.
Salem, Mass., 115, 191 ; commissioners
Saltonstall, Governor, quoted, 133.
Salmon Falls, N. H., 54.
Salt, supplied, 53.
Sanders, William, in garrison, 59.
Saunders, David, private, 175.
Saunderson, Rev. Henry 11., author,
Saunderson, William, drummer, 175.
Savage's Genealogical Dictionary, 17.
Sawtell (Sartell, Sartwell, Satell), fam-
ily, descended from Obadiah, 149.
Sawtell, Abel : soldier, 160, 165 ; fire-
arms, 1 68.
Sawtell, David: soldier, 126, 165; pe-
tition, 162; bayonet-man, 177.
Sawtell, David, Jr., private, 152.
Sawtell, Ephraim, Jr., bayonet-man,
Sawtell, Hezekiah, sergeant, 151.
Sawtell, Jonathan, private, 155.
Sawtell, Joseph, petition, 165.
Sawtell, Josiah : petition, 147; clerk,
155; P akl > '7--
Sawtell, Moses, soldier, 164.
Sawtell, Nathaniel, private, 176.
Sawtell, Obadiah, 148 ; sad experience,
149, 150; bayonet-man, 177.
Sawtell, Richard: his tale, 25; town-
clerk, 191, 192.
Sawtell, Samuel, private, 174.
Sawtell, Zachariah : about to leave
Groton, 104; private, 152.
Sawyer, Ezra, soldier, 126.
Sawyer, Samuel, soldier, 126.
Saybrook, Conn., 190.
Scott, John, 165.
Scott, Lieutenant-Colonel George, com-
Scott, Thomas, soldier, 165-167.
Scripture (Screpter, Scripter), Samuel :
in garrison, 60, examination, 100;
soldier, 126, 228.
Scripture, Samuel. Jr., private, i ^2.
Seager (Seger), Ebenezer, killed, 92 ;
one brother, prisoner, 92.
Seager, Henry: petition, 93 ; his mark,
Sermon booke, 76.
Serpents, finny, allusion. 83.
Severance, Ephraim, soldier, 164; bayo-
Sewall, Chief-Justice Samuel, 67, 84;
diary, 65; tour in -Middlesex County,
Sewall, Rev. Samuel, historian, 88.
Sharrow (Sherrow), Mary, landlady,
Shattuck (Shadock, Shaddock), family :
fatality of, 106; prominent, 154.
Shattuck, Benjamin, soldier, 165.
Shattuck, David: soldier, 164; bayonet-
Shattuck, David, Jr., soldier, 165.
Shattuck, James, 126, 128.
Shattuck, James, Jr., 154.
Shattuck, Jeremiah : private, 155; cap-
tain, 166, 167; bayonet-man, 177.
Shattuck, Job, bayonet-man, 177.
Shattuck, John : in garrison, 59 ; drown-
ing, widow, 61 ; about to leave Gro-
ton, 104; shot, 105; memorial stone,
106; private, 155.
Shattuck, Jonathan, private, 154.
Shattuck, Lemuel, author, 58, 63.
Shattuck, Mr., garrison, 107, 108.
Shattuck, Xathaniel, private, 155, 169.
Shattuck, Oliver, soldier, 164, 166, 167.
Shattuck, Ruth, 106.
Shattuck, Samuel: testimony, 100;
about to leave Groton, 104; under
Shattuck, Solomon, not enlisted, 166.
Shattuck, Thomas, private, 165-167.
Shattuck, William, about to leave Gro-
Shattuck Manuscripts, 22, 38, 49, 52, ^4.
Shattuck Memorials, 63.
Shed, William, private, 176.
Shepley (Shceple, Sheple, Sheples,
Shipley, Shiply, Shlpple), family:
massacre and monument, 67 ; promi-
Shepley, Elizabeth, paid, 172.
Shepley, General George Foster, Jus-
tice of circuit court, 68.
Shepley, Hon. Ether, Chief-Justice, 68.
Shepley, John : casualties in family, 67 ;
petitioner, 69; captive, 72; ensign,
107, 108; private, 169, paid, 171.
Shepley, Jonathan: soldier, 126, 165;
Shepley, Joseph, private, 155.
Shepley, Josiah, bayonet-man, 177.
Shepley, Lemuel, soldier, 165.
Shetucket River, 190.
Shirley (Shearly), Lieutcnant-Govcrnor
William, 157 ; company named after,
Shirley, Mass., 174, 188.
' Shrewsbury, Mass., 127.
i Sill, Captain Joseph: dragoons, 30; at
Groton, 33; at the Ridges, 35; com-
mand of garrison, 36; powder lent
Simonds, William, private, 152.
Simons, Benjamin, paid, 45.
Smith, Captain John, map, 190.
Smith, Mathias, paid, 46.
Smith, Nathaniel, private, 155.
Smith, Oliver, blankets, 167.
Smith, Pelatiah, paid, 45.
Smith, Richard, witness, 180.
Soldiers, paid, 44.
Souhegan, allusion, 50.
Spain, war with England, 86.
Spaulding, Andrew, 164.
Spaulding, Eleazer, soldier, 164, 166,
Spaulding, Leonard, soldier, 163.
I Spaulding, William, corporal, 176.
Sprague, Conn., 190.
Sprague, Jonathan, paid, 45.
Springfield, Mass., 112
Squagh (Squaw), commanded by hus-
band, 1 1.
Squannacook (West Groton), village
and river, 123, 189, 190.
St. Baptiste, corruption of, 120.
St. Francis Indians, at Charlestown,
N. II., U9.
St. George's Fort, Maine, 156.
St. Lawrence River, no; Tarbells es-
tablished near, 117, Lord Amherst
descending, 1 19.
St. Regis, Canada: chief at, 116, estab-
lished, 117 ; paintings in. 123.
Stacey, interpreter from Ipswich, 121.
Stanley, Onesiphorus, paid, 45.
Starling, Daniel, paid, 45.
State Mouse : documents at, 9 ; allu-
sion, 65 ; petition, 157.
Stearns (Sternes), Shubael (Shuball,
Subaell), paid, 45-46.
Stephens, Captain Phineas, 175.
Stephens, John, soldier, 126.
Stevens, Cyprian, paid, 46.
Stevens, Jonathan, private, 176.
Steward, Benjamin, private, 152.
Stoddard, John, sent to Quebec, in.
Stone (Stones), Abiel, private, 152.
Stone, Benjamin, paid, 171.
Stone, James, paid, 171.
Stone, John: in garrison, 60; about
to leave Groton, 104 ; bayonet-man,
Stone, Jonas, bayonet-man, 177.
Stone, Jonathan, bayonet-man, 177.
Stone, Mr., garrison, 107.
Stone, Nathaniel, bayonet-man, 177.
Stone, Simon: paid, 46; wounded, 56;
descent of, 57 ; in garrison, 60 ; select-
Stony Fordway, Groton, attack, 105.
Stoughton, Lieutenant-Governor Wil-
liam: allusion, 24; proclamation, 72;
Sudbury, Mass. : mischief by Indians,
28 ; strengthened, 39 ; strokes made
Suffolk Horse, at Groton, 53.
Sumers (Summers), Mr., house of, 58.
Sweyne, Jeremy, quoted, 54.
Symmes, Rev. Mr., sermon, 134-140.
TABLE, Hubbard's, quoted, 33.
Tadmuck Brook, Westford, 189.
Tarbell (Tarbal, Tarball, Tarble, Tar-
bol, Tarbull), brothers: bill against,
112; petition, 113.
Tarbell children: captured, 106; pris-
oners, 109; turn Indians, 116; story,
117-120; captives, 123; stone erect-
Tarbell, Captain Thomas, scout, 1 54.
Tarbell, Corporal : discovers enemy ;
99; garrison, 107, 108.
Tarbell, David, bayonet-man, 177.
Tarbell, Eleazer (Eleazor), 120; private,
Tarbell, James, private, 152.
Tarbell, John : return to Groton, 1 1 1 ;
Tarbell, Lesor (Eleazer), 120.
Tarbell, Loran, 119.
Tarbell, Louis, 120; in War of the Re-
Tarbell, Mitchel, 120.
Tarbell, Peter, 120.
Tarbell, Samuel, 165; under Love well,
Tarbell, Sarah, baptized, no.
Tarbell, Sergeant, offer, 101.
Tarbell, Thomas : testimony, 58 ; in
garrison, 59; selectman, 84; ser-
geant, 98; will, no, in; petition,
115, 119 ; paid, 171.
Tarbell, Thomas, Jr.: witness, 9, 10;
Tarbell, William, petition, 153.
Tarbell, Zachariah : return to Groton,
in ; private, 175.
Taxes, 83; in Groton, 79.
Taxous (Toxus) : Abenaqui chief, 64 ;
expedition, 65 ; two nephews killed,
Tayler, Gillam, physician, 158.
Taylor, Hugh, paid, 45.
Taylor, Lieutenant Joseph, in Canada,
Taylor, Major, 87 ; at Groton, 68, 69 ;
Taylor, Sebread, paid, 45.
Tedd, John, paid, 45.
Tenney, Samuel, private, 152.
Terry, Ebenezer, on committee, 146.
The Ridges, Groton, 35.
Thirty-fourth New York Volunteers,
Thursten, Peter, not enlisted, 166.
Ticonderoga, N. Y., 162, 178.
Tileston & Hollingsworth, stone raised
Tinker, John, selectman, 8 ; Indian
traffic, 179, 180.
Tiverton, R. I., 115.
j Toby, Indian, 136.
i Tohaunto, chief, 1 1 .- temperance of, 9.
Tom, Captain, petition, 187.
j Tompson, Benjamin, poet, 13.
Topsfield, Mass., 191 ; commissioner
Torakaron (Tarbell), Joseph, in Eu-
Torrey, Rufus C., author, 153.
Torrey, William, clerk, 49.
Town Hall, Groton, 25, 27, 62.
Town-meeting, 1675, - > on Christ- i
Town militia, preserving frontiers, 103.
Townsend, Mass., 173, 175.
Townsend, Penn, speaker, 84.
Trowbridge (Trobridge), John, private,
Trulove, Morris, paid, 47.
Trumbull. James Hammond, letter, 189.
Tucker, William, private, 152.
Turkey Hills (Lunenburg), Mass., 146;
men posted at, 128, 129.
Turner, Lemuel, private, 175.
Turner, Nathaniel, private, 175.
Turner, Nehemiah, bayonet-man, 177.
Tyng (Ting, Tinges, Tings, Tyngs),
Colonel William. 146.
Tyng, Edward, allusion, 49.
Tyng, Jonathan : allusion, 24; petition
'68 ; order, So.
UNQUETEXASSETT (Unquetenorset, Un-
quety) Brook, 189.
Upper Regiment, Middlesex County. 87.
Usher, Hezekiah : garrison supplied,
53 ; will, 62.
Usher, John : letter, 63; soldier, 126.
VERMONT Historical Gazetteer, 162.
Villieu, Lieutenant Sebastian de, expe-
WAAKAN (Waban), Thomas, 184.
Wabansconcett, locality. 189.
Wachuset (Wochoosett) Mountain,
Wade, Major Nathaniel, commander of
expedition to Canada, 54. 55.
Waldo, John, paid, 46.
Waldo Tapers, 76.
Waldron (Waldern), Captain Richard,
trading-house, 9, 11.
Waldron, Daniel, deposition, 10.
Walker, Seth, in Charlestown, 150.
Walmer (Warner), Samuel, in garrison,
Wamesit : village, 18; situation, 42.
Wamesit Indians, near Lowell, 22.
Wamscahacet ( Wamscahacetts, Wom-
scahacett, Womscahacet), Indian,
180; signature, 181.
Wannalanset ( Wanalanset), Indian sa-
chem. 18 ; information by, 49.
Warren (Warrin), Abijah, bayonet-man,
Warren, William, private, 152.
Wars of New England, 87.
Warumbee, Indian, 73.
Watertown (Watertowne), Mass. : relief
from, 30; boast concerning, 33 ; sol-
diers from, 34: commissioner from,
Wattle's Pond, Groton, 145.
Wayman (Wyman), Seth, trial, 98-101.
Wells, Thomas, on committee, 1 1 ;.
Wenham, Mass., 115; commissioner
Wesson, Captain Ephraim : letter, 162,
163 ; lieutenant, 166.
Wesson, Isaac, private, 169.
Wesson, Nathan, soldier, 165-167.
Wesson, Nathaniel, private, 169.
Wesson, Stephen, 165.
Westenhook, N. V., 112.
Westfield, Mass., 112.
Westford, Mass., 153, 174, 17;, 188,
Weston, Mass., 176.
West Regiment, Middlesex County. 59.
Wethe (Wilthe, Withee), Zachariah,
Wetmore, Judge William, 191.
Weymessitt (Wamesit); garrison, 39;
Wheat, Joshua, in garrison, 61.
Wheeler (Wheler), Abraham, paid. 171.
Wheeler, Captain Thomas: letter, 16;
Wheeler, Ephraim, soldier, 126.
Wheeler, Josiah, paid, 45.
Wheeler, Moses, pioneer, 150.
Wheeler, Simon : soldier, 165 ; gun lost,
Wheelock, Eleazer, D. D., author, 121.
Wheelock, Joseph, soldier, 126.
Whipple (Whiple), Eleazer, private,
Whipple, Nathan: private, 175; bayo-
Whitcomb (Whitcom), John, witness,
Whitcomb, Oliver, private, 152.
White, Ebenezer, corporal, 54.
White, John, Jr., private, 152.
White, Nathaniel, private, 152.
Whiting (Whitting), Joshua, in garri-
Whiting, Joshua, Jr., in garrison, 60.
Whitman, John, private, 152.
Whitney (Whitting), the name, 61.
Whitney, Cornelius (Corenallus), about
to leave Groton, 104.
Whitney (Whittney), Deacon, 107.
Whitney, Josiah, about to leave Groton,
Whitney, Samuel, paid, 44.
Widow Nutting, John's wife, 27.
Widow Squaw (Squa) : question sub-
mitted to, 94; penalty decided by,
\Vilder, Colonel Oliver, 166.
Wilder (Wyler), Lieutenant Nathaniel,
Willard (Wellard), Aaron, soldier, 126.
Willard, Captain Abijah, his company,
Willard, Captain Benjamin, at court-
Willard, Colonel Joseph, Fort Dum-
Willard, Henry, under Lovewell, 135.
Willard, Josiah : secretary, 115; letter,
Willard, Major Simon: witness, 10;
prominent man, 13; helps Parker, 14;
communication, 19; petition, 21 ; sup-
pliant, 22; unable to relieve Groton,
34; paid, 47 ; allusion, 171.
Willard, Miriam, captured, 149.
Willard, Moses : killed, 149; in Charles-
Willard, Moses, Jr., narrow escape,
Willard, Rev. Samuel: petition, 21;
hand-writing, 22 ; Indian taunts, 28 ;
facts obtained from, 29 ; garrison,
38; garret, 39; allusion, 156.
Willard, Sarah, 65.
Willard house, used as garrison, 25.
William Henry, fort, N. Y., siege, 178.
Williams, Captain Stephen, court-mar-
Williams, Isaac, private, 176.
Williams, Jason, soldier, 128.
Williams, John, sent to Quebec, in.
Williams, Josiah, private, 174.
Williams, Mrs. Eunice, 122.
Williams, Rev. John, captured from
Willis, Zachariah, soldier, 165.
\Vilson, Benjamin, sergeant, 88.
Wilthe (Wethe, Withee), Zachariah,
Winslow, General John, 158; journal,
Winslow, Jacob, paid, 45.
Winslow, Maine, 158.
Winter, hard, 97.
Wiswell, Captain Noah : finds no en-
emy, 54; Indian under his command,
Withee (Wethe, Wilthe), Zachariah,
Woburn (Wooburne), Mass. : inhabi-
tants sitting on the fence, 42 ; letter,
So; History, 88; allusion, 137.
Wochoosett (Wachuset) Mountain, 129.
Wood, Bennet, private, 1152.
Wood, Eleazer (Eleazor), private, 152.
Wood, Elizabeth, no.
Wood, John, paid, 45.
Wood, Thomas, paid, 45.
Woods (Wods, Woodes), Aaron, pri-
Woods, Alice (Alse) : wife of Samuel,
38 ; in Willard's garret, 39.
Woods, Benjamin, soldier, 165.
Woods, Daniel, killed, 134.
Woods, Eber, garrison, near house of,
Woods, Henry: suppliant, 23; petition,
158-160; letter, 162; soldier, 163.
Woods, Isaac: soldier, 126, 128; paid,
Woods, John, 165; lieutenant, 151.
Woods, John, Jr., bayonet-man, 177.
Woods, Jona, private, 176.
Woods, Jonas, private, 169.
Woods, Moses : private, 155 ; corporal,
Woods, Nathaniel : selectman, 97 ;
about to leave Groton, 104.
Woods, Nathaniel, Jr., 153; bayonet-
Woods, Reuben (Ruben): private, 152,
155; sergeant, 177.
Woods, Samuel, in garrison, 61.
Woods, Thomas : in garrison, 61 ;
killed, 134; private, 155.
Woolley, Charles, authority, 145.
Worcester, Mass., 168.
Wright, David, private, 176.
Wright, Jo.siah, private, 176.
Wright, Oliver: soldier, 164; sergeant,
Wyler (Wilder), Lieutenant Nathaniel,
! Wyman (\\ayman), Ensign Seth, com-
mander, 137, 138.
XAVIER, St. Francis, portrait, 123.
YEOMAN, 175, 176.
University Press : John Wilson and Son, Cambridge.
UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA LIBRARY
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