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INDEX 193 




THE early settlers of Groton encountered many trials and 
privations in planting the town. The men worked hard in 
felling trees and breaking ground, and the women toiled 
faithfully in their rude homes. They were used to hardships, 
and took them with Christian resignation. Their daily life 
taught them the true principles of philosophy. They lived 
on the rough edge of civilization, and nothing stood between 
them and an unbroken wilderness. These pioneers were a 
devout people ; and the strength of their religious belief is 
shown in no way so clearly as in the fortitude with which they 
met their lot in life. The prowling Indians were their neigh- 
bors, whose movements required careful watching. There 
were families of savages scattered along the interval land of 
the Nashua Valley, from Lancaster to the Merrimack River, 
who at times annoyed the settlers by killing pigs and stealing 
chickens. Judging from the number of stone implements 
found in the neighborhood, there was an Indian village just 
above the Red Bridge, on the west side of the river. It 
probably consisted of a few families only, belonging to the 
Nashua Tribe, as they were called by the English. Like all 
their race these Indians were a shiftless people, and often 


changed their abodes, going hither and thither, as they found 
good hunting-grounds and fishing-places. They bartered skins 
and furs with the planters ; and so much business was carried 
on in this way, that the government sold to individuals the 
right to trade with them. As early as July, 1657, Mr. John 
Tinker, one of the original selectmen of the town, appointed 
by the General Court, paid eight pounds for the privilege of 
trafficking with them at Lancaster and Groton. A few of 
these natives knew a little English, which they had picked 
up from contact with the whites. Gookin refers to them in 
his " History of the Christian Indians," when he speaks of 
" some skulking Indians of the enemy, that formerly lived 
about Groton, the principal whereof was named Nathaniel, 
he and his party did this and other mischief afterward, in 
burning several houses at Chelmsford." 1 This Nathaniel was 
taken subsequently at Cocheco, now Dover, New Hampshire, 
and hanged in Boston. Some of these vagrants took an 
active part in the burning of Groton during King Philip's 
War. The leader of the savages at this assault was John 
Monaco, or Monoco, nicknamed " One-eyed John," from the 
loss of an eye. After he had taken by stratagem a garrison- 
house, he entered into a long conversation with Captain 
Parker, who was stationed in another house near by, and 
called him his old neighbor. From this fact I infer that 
" One-eyed John " knew Captain Parker, and had previously 
lived in the vicinity. Warfare among the aborigines did not 
require generalship so much as knowledge of places; and 
the head of an assaulting party was one familiar with the 
clearings and the lay of the land in the threatened territory. 
During the ensuing autumn this leader was brought to the 
gallows in Boston, where he suffered the extreme penalty of 
the law. 

The Indians soon acquired from the English the love of 
strong drink, which is sure to lead to disputes and quarrels. 

1 Archasologia Americana, II. 471. 


The earliest documents at the State House, relating to Groton 
and the savages, give an account of a drunken brawl which 
ended in murder. The affair took place in the Mcrrimack 
Valley, and several men of this town were summoned to 
appear as witnesses at the investigation before the General 
Court in Boston. In the spring of 1668 Captain Richard 
VValdron built a trucking or trading house at Penacook, now 
Concord, New Hampshire, where a few weeks later one 
Thomas Dickinson was murdered by an Indian while under 
the influence of liquor. The homicide created great excite- 
ment, and it has been supposed to have delayed the perma- 
nent settlement of the place for many years. A warrant 
was issued directing the constable of Groton to summon 
John Page, Thomas Tarbell, Jr., Joseph Blood, and Robert 
Parish, all of this town, before the General Court in order to 
give their testimony, which they did under oath. It ap- 
peared by the evidence that there had been a drunken row, 
and that Dickinson was killed by an Indian, who acknowl- 
edged the crime and expressed great sorrow for it, but 
pleaded drunkenness in extenuation of the deed. The cul- 
prit was tried at once by a council of the Indians, who 
sentenced him to be shot, which was done the next day. It 
is interesting now to note the high temperance stand taken, 
more than two hundred years ago, by the Chief Tohaunto, 
which places him abreast of the most earnest opposers of the 
rum traffic at the present time. 

Throughout this narration I purpose to give, as far as 
practicable, the exact language of the men connected with 
the events ; and for this reason many original documents are 
printed in full. Some of the papers relating to the affair at 
Penacook are as follows : 

To the Constable of Groatcn 

These. Require yo" in his Maj tys name, to sumone & require John 
Page & such othe r of y c toune y' went vp to Inquire for y c ir catle. at 


Pemicook presently on the death of the Englishman murthured by y' 
Indians there lately in a drunken fitt. as is sayd & others y l yo" know- 
to make theire Appearances before the Generall [Court] now sitting in 
Boston on 27 th Instan'. at eight of y c clocke in the morning to give 
in their euidences in y' J Case relating to y e sd murthe r & y' occasion 
thereof by selling strong liquo r s & by whom as they know or have heard 
making yo r return of this warrant to the Secretary at or before y' time 
hereof yo" are not to faile dated in Boston, the 1 5 th of Octobe' 1668. 
By the Court EDW : RAWSON Sere" ' 


These thre men namly John Page Thomas an Robard 

Tarball Juni r & Joseph Blood are Summanced Parish 

to apear e at the Generall Court, according to the premises : 

Constable of Grawton 
To the Constable Grawten 

[Massachusetts Archives, XXX. 155.] 

The words " an Robard Parish " appear in the original, in 
one corner of the writing, as given above. They were evi- 
dently put in after the document was written. 

The Deposition of Danll Waldron being called to speak what I 
know about the Death of Thomas Dikison who was killed by an 
Indian as they say : my selfe with many others was sent up by my 
father to see the corps and enquire into his death when we came 
there we found the man dead and an Indian lying dead by him and 
examining the Indians how he came by his death they said the Indian 
that lay dead by him killed him with his knife : and enquiring further 
why he killed him the Indians told us they asked him and he gave 
them no answere but bid them shoott him : and further enquiring 
whether the Indian were Drunk they answered that he was not Drunk 
and after this we saw him buried presently, and we returned home the 
next Day 

This was taken vpon oath : this 20 : I of y e 8 : [ mo 1668 before vs 

[Massachusetts Archives, XXX. i ;;.] 



Wee whose names are herevnto subscribed doe testifye that in or 
aboute y e Month of June last past goeing to Pennycooke to enquire 
after Cattle yt were lost, rideing to y e ffort at the sayd Pennicooke, 
meeteing w th some of the Indians belonging thereto told us, y' an 
Englishman was Killed by an Indian, and that all our Englishmans 
Laws they had Killed the Indian, wee farther enquireing of them how 
and whether the Indians were drunck when the Englishman was 
Killed, and they answered all Indians were then drunck or else they 
had noe Kild Englishman ; And farther wee Evidence Tohaunto 
a Sagamore being afrayd that wee had brought Liquors to sell desired us 
if wee had any, that wee would power it vppon the ground for it would 
make ye Indians all one Divill, And farther wee meeteing wth Thomas 
Payne, who told us he was Cap' \Valdern's serv 1 , asking him whether 
the Indians were druncke when the Englishman was Killed, and he 
answered not drunck ; and after farther discourse wth ye sd Payne he 
sayd that ye pson that was Killed was Peter Coffins man and farther 
sayd that if the Killing of the Man did not prevent it his the sayd 
Paynes Master Capt Walderne and Peter Coffin did intend to send 
Carpenters to build there and also to have ground broake vpp to be 
improved, and wee farther affirme that wee saw a Rundlett which 
would hold at least six Gallons in the Trucking House near the sayd 
ffort ; after wch wee meeteing wth the Indians then there, and telling 
them yt Thomas Payne told us that they were not drunck when The 
Englishman was Killed the Indians then sayd yt Payne much Lyed, 
for wee had Divers Quarts of Liquors the same day that the sayd 
Englishman was Killed upon and one of the Indians Cofnaunded his 
Squagh to wash a Bladder, wherein the Indian sayd there was a Quart 
of Liquors and wee doe adiudge it to be as much ; or using words to 
the same effect 

Octob r 27'.'' 1668 ROBB PARRIS 


Sworne in Court, 27, octobe r 1668 : JOSEPH BLOUD 

EDW : RAWSONT Secret y 

[Massachusetts Archives, XXX. 161.] 

During a series of years before King Philip's War the 
Indians had been supplied with arms and ammunition, 


though this was contrary to the laws of the colonies. The 
French in Canada and the Dutch in New York had carried 
on considerable traffic with the natives in these contraband 
articles ; and occasionally some avaricious settler would 
barter with them, giving powder and shot in exchange. 
The possession of firearms made the Indians bold and 
insolent, and the tendency of events was toward open hos- 
tilities. This tendency was strengthened by a feeling of sus- 
picion on the part of the colonists, and by one of jealousy 
on the part of the savages. Distrust always grows out of 
suspicion, and the fears of the settlers began to be excited 
when they thought of their exposed situation. Under these 
circumstances, it was wise to prepare for all emergencies; 
and at an early day a military company was organized in 
this town. The following entry is made in the manuscript 
records of the General Court during the session beginning 
May 6, 1673 : - 

James Parker of Groaten hairing had the care of the military Com- 
pany there for seuerall yeares. is Appointed & ordered to be their 
leiftennant & W" Larkin to be ensign e to the sajd Company there 

[General Court Records, IV. 718.] 

The two officers of this organization were each promoted 
one grade during the next autumn, which would indicate that 
the company was filling up in numbers. At the session of 
the General Court beginning October 15, 1673, the record 
reads : 

The military Company of Groaten being destitnt of military 
oficers The Court Judgeth it meet to choose & Appoint James Parker 
to be their captane W" 1 Lakin to be leiftennant & Nathaniel Lawrence 
to be their ensigne 

[General Court Records, IV. 726.] 

Before this time there had been in Middlesex County a 
company of troopers, or cavalry, made up of men living 


in the frontier towns, of which Groton was one as men- 
tioned in the General Court Records of October, 1669. 

One of the prominent men in the history of the Colony at 
this period was Major Simon Willard. A native of Eng- 
land, he came to Massachusetts in the year 1634. He had 
lived at Concord, Lancaster, and Groton, and in all these 
places exerted a wide influence. He had rilled various civil 
offices, and in his day was a noted military man. His farm 
was situated at Nonacoicus, now included within the limits of 
Ayer; and his dwelling-house was the first building burned 
at the attack on Groton, March 13, 1676. During several 
months previously he had been engaged with his men in 
scouting along the line of frontier settlements and protecting 
the inhabitants. At this assault Major Willard came with a 
company of cavalry to the relief of the town, though he did 
not reach the place in time to be of service in its defence. 
He died at Charlestown, on April 24, 1676, a very few weeks 
after this town was abandoned. Benjamin Tompson, the 
earliest native American poet, pays the following tribute to 
his character, in a little pamphlet published during King 
Philip's War, and entitled " New England's Tears." It is 
certainly rude in expression, and probably just in its concep- 
tion, but not accurate as to the date of his death : 

About this Time Died Major Willard Esq ; who had continued 
one of our Senators many years, and Head of the Massachuset Bands. 
In 23 April 1676. 


Great, Good, and Just, Valiant, and Wise, 
New Englands Common Sacrifice : 
The Prince of War, the Bond of Love, 
A True Heroick Martial Dove : 
Pardon I croud his Parts so close 
Which all the World in measure knows, 
We envy Death, and well we mav, 
Who keeps him under Lock and Ke\. 


His Praises will, or are more largely celebrated ; but let this be 
accepted according to the Nature of my Writings, which are but Brief 
and General. 

The first mention of anything in the town- records, relating 
to the Indians or the War, is the following: 

At a meeting of the sellect men Jully 2 July 22 75 a rat made 
for the defraying of the charg of the ware and put in to the hand 
of William Longiey constable to gather the sume 23! 14" 4 added 7 
shill more than the Just proportion 

The mutterings of warfare were now beginning to be heard, 
and the colonists were looking for protection. Captain Par- 
ker writes to Governor Leverett, under date of August 25, 
1675, that the inhabitants "are in a very great strait" and 
" much discouraged in their spirits ; " that they want ammu- 
nition and twenty good muskets for their pikemen. The 
letter itself, with the quaint expressions of two centuries ago, 
gives a good idea of their narrow circumstances, and is as 
follows : 

To the honoured John Leneret Esquir Goucrnour of the Massechusets 


Honoured sir with the rest of your counsell I have made bold to 
enform your worships how the case stand with vs that the Indians are 
aproach 5 near to vs our scouts hau discouerd seuerall tracks very 
near the habetable parts of the town and one Indian they discouerd 
but escapt from them by skulking amongst the bushes and som of the 
Inhabitants of our town have heard them in the night singing and 
halloeing. which doe determin to vs their great height of Insolency : 
we are in a very great strait our Inhabitants are very much discour- 
aged in their spirits and their by diseuaded from their callings I haue 
receiued 20 men from the worshipfall Major Wellard and Captain 
Mosselly men to help secur our town, but notwithstanding we are in a 
very weak capacity to defend ourselues against the Insolency and 
potency of the enemy if they shold apear in number and with that 
violenc that they did apear at quabog [Brookfield] the which the 
good lord forbid if it be his good pleasur, much honoured and 


respected the good lord be with you In your consultations that you 
may vnderstand what to doe for your new england Israel at such a tini 
as this and in particular ourselues and for our dear neighbours at Lan- 
chester vpon whom the enemy haue made an Inraid 6 persons are 
already found and buryed the 7?^which they doe expect is kild is not 
as yet found you may be pleased to tak notice that we shall want 
ammunition spedily by reason that we hau parted with som to Cap' 
Mosselly men and som we spent 'in the fight at quabog as also I hau 
suplyed the souldiers with amunition that were sent to me that was 
Imployed in the seruice they hauing spent their ammunition If you 
could help vs with 20 good muskets for our pik men and I will return 
them again or else giu a valluable price for them in such pay as 
we can produce among ourselues not else at present but leaue you 
to the guidance of the God of heauen who is the only wise counsellor 
and remaine 

Your seruant to cofhaund in any seruice to my power 

from Groten 

August 25 75 
[Massachusetts Archives, LXVII. 244.] 

A few days before the date of this letter, Captain Samuel 
Moseley writes from " Nashowah Allies Lankcster: i6 : h Augs' 
1675 " that, in accordance with instructions from Major- 
General Denison, he had sent "to Groatton : 12: men." 
These are among the ones alluded to in Captain Parker's let- 
ter, as having arrived to help secure the town. Captain 
Moseley further says: 

also last nightt aboutt seaven A Clocke we martched Into Nashowah 
[Lancaster] wheare we are Att Presentt butt shall as soone as the Con- 
stable Hajth prest vs a dozen Horsses ; Proseed for groatton & so to 
Chenceford ; according to the ord r s Majo r Willerd gaue me yesterday 
Att Quoahbauge [Brookfield]. 

I Massachusetts Archives, LXVII. 239.] 

The letter was written a few days after Major \Villard and 
Captain Parker, both of Groton, had gone with forty-six men 


and five Indians, to the rescue of Brookfield, on August y, 
1675, and just in the nick of time saved that town from 
massacre. An interesting account of this affair, written by 
Captain Thomas Wheeler, is found in the second volume of 
the " Collections of the New Hampshire Historical Society." 
Captain Wheeler was a brave soldier, and severely wounded 
in that campaign. Evidently he could fight better than he 
could spell, judging from the following certificate : - 

To the honered Governer &> Counccll of tlic Massathusets Colony in 
New England 

These are to signyfie that Cornellius Consert the Dutchman was 
vppon the Contryes Servis Att quabauge & by the Councle of warre 
there was sent out Cap 1 of the forlorne And Afterward marched to 
Grotton & Chensford & According to my best Advice Continued in 
the Countryes servis six weekes Cornellius being Reddy to depart the 
Country & myselfe being here att boston the Major Willard being 
Absent I granted this ticket. 


BOSTON October y e 13 

[Massachusetts Archives, LXVIII. 7.] 

In those days there was no physician here to offer his pro- 
fessional skill to the government in its time of need, and 
even a small military force was sure to require medical or 
surgical attendance. It therefore became necessary to im- 
press into the public service a surgeon, as well as a horse with 
accoutrements, as we find from the following order: 

2}) the Constable of Boston. 

These Require you in his Majes tyq name forthwith to Impresse M r 
W m Haukins Chirurgeon : Imediately to prepare himself \v lh materials 
as Chirurgeon & to dispatch to Marlbory. to Capt Mosely & attend his 
motion & souldiers at Groaten. or elsewhere : for wch End you are 


also to Impresse an able horse & furniture for him : to Goe : w :h the 

Dated at Boston if h Augus' 1675 making Return hereof to the 

By y e Council 

EDW. RAWSON Secret y 
IMassachusetts Archives, LXVII. 241.] 

The constable made the indorsement on the order that Dr. 
Hawkins was duly warned. According to Savage's Genealogi- 
cal Dictionary he was a butcher, but in his will he is styled 
a surgeon, a union of callings which is rather suggestive. 

At this time King Philip's War had begun, and open hos- 
tilities had alarmed the inhabitants of the place. The Council 
passed an order on September 8, 1675, that Cornet Thomas 
Brattle and Lieutenant Thomas Henchman should take fifty 
men, of whom thirty were to come from Norfolk, then a dif- 
ferent county from the present one, and twenty from Middle- 
sex, and place them in the garrisons at Dunstable, Groton, 
and Lancaster, in such proportions as they should deem 
expedient. The order is as follows : 

For Cornet Thomas Bratle cV Leif tenant Thomas Henchman 

You are herby impoured & appointed with a party of horsmen 
vnder your coiuand, forthwith to march to Chelmsford to attend & 
put in execution the instructions following : 

i first you are ordered with fifty soldiers that are appointed to meet 
you, at Leift Henchmans vizt thirty y' are to come from the county of 
Norfolke & twenty out of the county of Midlesex, that are ordered to 
meet you at Groton these fifty men you are ordered to sett in garri- 
sons in the frontier townes of Dunstable, Groton, and Lancaster &c in 
such proportion as in your discretion shal bee expedient placing them 
vnder the comand of the cheefe military officers of each towne : 
giueing those officers direction : to joyne & lyst other meet persons of 
their owne companyes with them, & order them euery day to surraund 
the townes y e y are to secure ; & if they can to carry doggs with y m to 
search for & discouer any enimy that may aproch nere such towne & 


at night to repaire vnto such corps du gaurd, as are appointed to them 
for the security of the s d place, and there to keep watch by night ; 
& furthermore you are to declare vnto the Inhabitants of each Towne 
(you are herby orclerd to garrison) that the Gouerno r & council do 
expect their bee meet prouisions of victual made for the garrison sol- 
diers herby ordered, at y 1 ' charge of towne ; whch is not to bee brought 
vnto the acco 1 of the publicke ; & if any town or people decline so to 
Doe so you are herby ordered not to leaue any soldiers with them. 

Secondly you are further ordered, to Vse your best endeuor to setle, 
compose & quiet matters respecting the Indians our neighboars, par- 
ticularly those that Hue at Wamesit, Nashubah, & Malborough ; y 1 } ou 
endeuer to put in execution the printed order, relating to those indi- 
ans & particularly y 1 you procure some english man or men to bee 
with y" 1 or at least, to visit y'" once a day to be as guardians for securing 
the english and indians, that neither the one or other may bee piudiced 
or injured, &: the council are willing to allow such person or psons a 
meet compensation for their seruice in y 1 Imploy. And concerning 
the Indians at Marlborow who are ordered to reside at Hassanamesit 
about twelue miles distant whether you are to order the cheefe officer 
of Malborow to conuey them, &: if you can possibly procure, an 
english man or two to reside with them, at Hassanamesit according as 
the printed order proude but in case that can not bee obtained y" 
those indians must be left at Hassanamesit with exp r se charge punck- 
tualy to Obserue the printed order. 

Lastly you are to endeauor either one or both of you (if it may bee) 
to gaine the Indian Sachem called Wannalanset to com in againe and 
Hue at wamesit quietly [and] pecabley you may promise him in the 
Councills name y' if hee will returne &: his people <S: line quietly at 
Wamesit hee shal susteyne no p r iudise by the english : only you are to 
ppose to him y' he deliuer for a hostage to the english his sonne who 
shalbe wel vsed by vs. & in case hee come in & can bee gained then 
you are to impour him to informe the Pennakooke & Xatacook indians 
& all other indians on the East side of Merrimack Riuer, that they may 
hue quietly & peacable in y r places & shall not bee disturbed any 
more by the english prouided they do not assist or ioyne with any of 
or enimiy nor do any dammage or preiudice to y" english : 

And hauing put in execution these instructions you are to returne 
home and giue an acco' thereof to the Council. 


And what euer is necessary for fulfiling these Instructions you arc 
herby impowred by order of the Gouno r & Councel to do it. 

past by y c Councel 8 September 1675 

E R S. 
[Massachusetts Archives, LXVII. 252.] 

About this time the question of withdrawing a considerable 
force from the garrisons seems to have been considered ; but 
a protest against such action was drawn up and signed by 
Simon Willard and three others, who were probably the 
officers in command. From the representation they made, 
it is not likely that any troops were taken away. The com- 
munication was as follows : 

Honerd Gentlemen the Gouvr 6* Councell 

This afternoon, we had acordinge to your order, discourse with 
Capt Hincksman, in reference to his actings in his waye as to the 
comisione he reed frome you, he is to take : 80 men frome oure 
Garisons, that is all we haue or mor, & we : stand in neede of more 
but we dare not be so bold, our corne, that littill . we haue, is time it 
weare gathered, but if our scouts be taken off heer is littill be gathered, 
& many will be hardly kept with vs, but will rune awaye frome all our 
townes, you hapily may thinke we are afrayd, we will not bost ther- 
about, but we dare saye, our liues are not dear vnto vs, in any way 
that God shall call vs to, our thoughts are that it is not advisable to 
march vp to penicooke wher ther are many Indians at the p r sent, 
yet many abroad about all our towns as apears dayly, but our p r sent 
thoughts are, that it might be for p r sent saftie for the country, that a 
Garison wear settled ouer Merrimake Riuer about donstable, that ther 
maye be enttercorse betwene our towns & that Garison, we haue 
apoyntted Capt Pakr & left Hinckesmen, who will relatte y things to 
giu you reall light, much further than is meet now to do, or then time 
will pmitt, we are not willinge to truble you any further, but rest 
your humble servants 

GROATON this 25"' : 7 : 75 

[Massachusetts Archives, LXVII. 265.] JAMES KlDDER 


In the autumn of this year October 27, 1675 the town 
was assessed \ i. lOs. as her rate to carry on the war; and, 
when paid in money, one quarter to be abated. (Archives, 
LXVIII. 29.) This amount appears to be in addition to 
the rate made at a general town meeting on July 22 of the 
previous summer. 

It is evident, from an entry in the town-records, that ther.e 
was about this time a slight lull in the local excitement. It 
is recorded: 

At a Generall Towne meeting held no- 8 1675 It was this day 
agreed vpon and by vote declared that there should be a committe 
chussen to treat with Mr Willard about sending down to the general! 
court to Enforme and supplicat to them that we may haue payd to vs 
what is our due from the countrey and also that the Billit of the soul- 
diers may be vpon the countreys account and also agreed vpon that if 
this would not doe for to stand it out at law with them 

and the commitee chussen was Cap' Parker Leiftenant Lakin 
William Longley seni- John Page. 

It will be seen by this vote that the inhabitants of the town 
did not now feel greatly alarmed ; but one month later they 
had become more apprehensive of danger, as the following 
extract will show : 

At a Generall Towne meeting held Decem 9 75 It was this day 
agreed vpon and by vot declared that the soldiers that are still remain- 
ing in the town shalbe continued in the towne at the town charge till 
such tim as we heare a returne from the army goei[ng] against the 
naroganset and then the towne to meet againe to consider what is fur- 
der to be done. 

The ensuing winter must have been a hard one for the 
colonists, not only here but throughout New England. The 
Indians had burned some towns and threatened others, and it 
was a season of distrust and despair. The time was rapidly 
approaching when this place would suffer, and soon- the 
stroke came. It seems from the following " request," now in 


the possession of Dr. John S. H. Fogg, of South Boston, that 
the assault was not unexpected : 

To the Hono'ed the Genera II Co r t of the Massachusetts Colony, 

in AE : 

The humble request of the inhabitants of the Town of Groton, 
humbly sheweth, 

That Wheras in this day of Calamity & distresse, wee are fellow- 
sufferers with our brethren & neighbo r s, in the sad & doleful conse- 
quences of the present unhappye warre ; though wee have cause to 
adore & praise that mercy which hath preserved us from such desola- 
tion under which o r neere neighbo r s are now bleeding ; yet o r suffer- 
ings are such, as, except the Lord helpe, wee are sinking under. 
Esteeming it therefore o r duty to apply o r selves to yo r hono rs , whom 
wee account o r publicke fathers, & trust you will improve yo r wisdome 
& abilityes for us : wee doe earnestly crave o r present state to be con- 
sidered, & weighed in a just balance ; who are brought neere to 
utmost streights. The enemye (as we groundedly suppose) waiting 
an opportunity against us ; the season of the yeere calling to employ- 
ment, & hasting to passe away from us : ourselves brought into a 
narrow compasse, & ready to undergoe sore sufferings, by reason of 
necessary arising inconveniencyes ; o r provision neere consumed, & 
souldiers quartered amongst us hastening the expense of it ; our wives 
& children, some removed, others removing ; our cattel lying open to 
dayly hazards of being seized ; These things portend to us a famine, 
& poverty, coming upon us with as great fury on the one hand, as the 
enemy on the other ; & wee at the present are unable to be beneficial 
to the publicke & private interest incumbent upon us. Wee humbly, 
& upon o r knees crave yo r hono r s direction & assistance in this case, as 
the Lord shall direct whither wee shall goe or stay, or what way we 
may be set in, & wheras we were summoned to send in o r deputy we 
did esteeme o r present state required the presence of o r souldiery at 
home, especially men in place & office with, us : wee therefore, being 
small in number, & dayly waiting the approach of the enemye, have 
(not in any despising of authority) refrained from chusing one : & 
withal have chosen, o r Rever! 1 Pasto r M r Sam e " Willard to present this 
o r humble request, & farther to expresse o r minds and humble desires, 
as occasion may present, & yo r hono' 5 shall see meet to enquire into. 


Commending you to the most hygh, & supplicating the God of heaven 
to reveale counsel! in this day of darknesse, & to make you instru- 
ments of his glorye, & his peoples peace ; Wee rest, 

Yo r hono rs 
From Groton this humble 

Febr : 19. 75. Suppliants 



To the Hono r ed the Generall Co r t 

of the Massachusetts Colonye 

Assembled in Boston 

The following petition, sent to the Council then in session 
at Boston, was written four days before the burning of Lan- 
caster, and five weeks before the destruction of Groton. The 
original paper, in the handwriting of the Reverend Samuel 
Willard, is now among the Shattuck Manuscripts in the 
library of the New England Historic Genealogical Society. 
Mr. Willard was the minister of Groton at that time, and the 
son of Major Simon Willard. The perilous condition of 
the frontier towns in the neighborhood is well portrayed in 
this document. Allusion is made to the sudden removal of the 
W T amesit Indians, a friendly tribe living near the present site 
of the city of Lowell, which created considerable alarm, as 
it was then feared that they had joined the enemy. It turned 
out, however, to be groundless, as they had gone into the 
wilderness only for a short time, in order to keep clear of the 
intricacies of King Philip's War. 

To the hono r ed Counsill of the. Massachuscts sitting in Boston. 

The humble petition of us whose names arc subscribed, humbly 
sheweth ; 

That wheras it seemeth meet to yo r Worships to commend to o r 
hon r ed Majo r Willard, <S: impose upon him the mainteining a con- 
tinued scout of fourty troopers & Dragoons to range between Groton, 


Lancaster, & Marlborough, for the securing of the interest of the 
Countrey in those parts ; wee make bold humbly to p r sent o r concep- 
tions upon that account : For Marlborough wee conceive the present 
supply left there in garison doe Answer the end more fully, & alsoe 
will render o r scout an unnecessary burden, for Lancaster Groton, 
wee find by experience that o r safety is little advanced in this way, by 
reason of soe long absence, & soe great distance of this scout neces- 
sary in this method : besides the incumbrance lying upon us for 
quarters for horse & men, besides, the drawing up of o r men from 
severall Townes to such a limit, seemes to carry inconvenience with it, 
the Towns from whence o r forces are raised especially Chelmsford & 
Bellerikey, being weake & in want of more strength at home, & danger 
accreuing to them, by the sudden and suspicious removall of the 
Wamassuk Indians, whose troopers doe hereupon desire a release ; 
moreover the conceptions of the Townes related conceive humbly, 
that a scout of garrisoned souldiers, though of a lesse number, & those 
footmen, whom the Townes may out of themselves make Dragoons. 
by order fro authority, as occasion may present ; would be more for 
the security of the Townes, besides the hazard in which so small a 
number must needs goe in, as wee have sufficient ground to suspect 
by experience, & many emergencyes which may suddenly fall out 
before addresse bee made to yo r Worships ; wee humbly p r sent to yo r 
Hon r s to consideration, & if it seeme Rational!, to alter, or adde to 
this matter according to yo r discretion. 

Yo r Hono rs humble suppliants : 

GROTON: Febr : 6. 1675. THO: WHEELER 


Capt. Parke r Wheeler & Woodys letter to y e Couns'l Rec feb. 8. 

To the hono r ed the Councill of The Massachusets sitting In Boston. 

The following order, signed with the initials of Daniel 
Gookin and Thomas Danforth, the two members of the 
Council living in Cambridge, was issued during an emer- 


gency, and subsequently approved by a majority of that body. 
The town was threatened, and there was no time for delay. 
Major Willard's quarters were at Nonacoicus, and it was to 
that place that Captain Cook and his command were ordered 
to go. It is highly probable that these Essex and Norfolk 
men formed a part of the force that came under Major Wil- 
lard to the relief of the town, as mentioned by Mr. Hubbard 
in his Narrative. 

To M r Joseph Cooke 

You are hereby ordered & impowred to take ye comand of the 
Dragoons & Troops, now Impressed out of Essex and Norff for the 
service of the Country., you are to conduct them vp to Major Willard, 
taking speciall care that they make no waste of their aitiunition, & 
demeane themselves silently & vigilanty, so as may be for their 
ovvne security, & gaineing an opportunity if providence put any, for 
distressing the enemy, & securing the English interest, all w ch you 
are carefully to intend, and all the said soldjers, you are [to] take 
their names in a list, who are hereby required to obey you as their 
comander, & when you shall come to the Majors Quarters, you are 
required to attend his further order, & in so doing this shall be yo r 
warrant, making returne to ye Councell of w' you shall do herein. 

By order of the Council!. 
D. G. 
T. D. 

date in Camfcr. The Council mett on the 

16. i. 167^ 16 : of March 1675 6. 

Essex. 48. And Approoved of this Act of 

Norff. 40. Majo r Gookin & M r Danforth 

as Attest E R S 

p r sent 
Gou r 

M r DNF 

[Massachusetts Archives, LXVIII. 162.] 


Nearly one-and-twenty years had passed since the little 
settlement in the wilderness was begun, and Groton was fast 
approaching its majority. The new town had enjoyed a mod- 
erate share of prosperity, and was slowly working out its 
destiny. The founders were poor in this world's goods, but 
rich in faith and courage. They had now tasted the hard- 
ships of frontier life, but not as yet felt the horrors of savage 
warfare. The distant thunders of a threatening storm were 
beginning to be heard, and the occasional flashes put the 
early settlers on their guard. King Philip's War had broken 
out during the summer of 1675, and the outlying settlements 
were exposed to new dangers. The inhabitants of this town 
took such precautions as seemed needful, and trusted in 
Providence for the rest. They were just beginning to pre- 
pare for the work of another season, when a small band of 
prowling Indians alarmed the toxvn by pillaging eight or 
nine houses and driving off some cattle. This occurred on 
March 2, 1676, and was a sufficient warning, probably, to 
send the inhabitants to the garrison-houses, whither they were 
wont to flee in time of danger. These places of refuge were 
usually houses surrounded by a strong wall of stone or tim- 
ber, built up as high as the eaves, with a gateway, and port- 
holes for the use of musketry. 

In Groton there were five such garrison-houses, and under 
their protection many a sleepless, anxious night was passed 
by the inmates. Four of these houses were very near each 
other, and the fifth was nearly a mile away. The sites of 
some of them are well known. One was Mr. Willard's house, 
which stood near the High School ; another was Captain 
Parker's house, which stood just north of the Town Hall ; and 
a third was John Nutting's house, on the other side of James's 
Brook. The fourth was probably north of John Nutting's, 
but perhaps south of Mr. Willard's. There is a tradition that 
one stood near the house formerly owned and occupied by 
the late Eber Woods, which would make the fifth garrison- 
house " near a mile distant from the rest." Richard Sautell, 


the first town-clerk, was living on this site at that time, and 
his house would have been a convenient rallying point for 
the neighbors. He probably was the Richard Sawtell who 
was a member of Major Appleton's company in this War. 

It is recorded in the inventory of his estate, on file in the 
Middlesex Probate Office at East Cambridge, that Timothy 
Cooper, 1 of Groton, was " Sleine by the Indeins the Second 
clay of march 1675-6." Cooper was an Englishman by birth, 
and lived, probably, somewhere between the present site of 
the Baptist meeting-house and the beginning of Earmers' Row. 
It is not known that there was other loss of life at this time, 
but the affair was serious enough to alarm the inhabitants. 
They sought refuge immediately in the garrison-houses, as 
the Indians were lurking in the vicinity. On March 9 the 
savages again threatened the beleaguered town, and, by a 
cunningly contrived ambush, managed to entrap four men at 
work, of whom one was killed and one captured, while the 
other two escaped. This second assault must have produced 
great alarm and consternation among the people of the town. 
The final and principal attack, however, came on the I3th, 
when the enemy appeared in full body, thought to be not 
less than four hundred in number. The inhabitants at this 
time all were gathered into the several garrison-houses for 
protection. During the previous night the savages scattered 
throughout the neighborhood, and the first volley of shot on 
the morning of the I3th was the signal for the general burning 
of the town; and in this conflagration the first meeting-house 
of Groton was destroyed, together with about forty dwelling- 
houses. This building, erected at the cost of many and great 
privations, was the pride of the inhabitants. With its thatched 
roof it must have burned quickly; and in a very short time 
nothing was left but a heap of smoking embers. Although 

1 John Cooper, of Weston Hall, England, in his will, written November 21, 
1654, and proved the next year, mentions his " brother Timothy Cooper no~w in 
New England," with children. The will is on file in the Registry of Probate, 


it had never been formally dedicated to religious worship, it 
had been consecrated in spirit to the service of God by the 
prayers of the minister and the devotion of the congregation. 
In this assault John Nutting's garrison was taken by strata- 
gem. The men defending it had been drawn out by two 
Indians, apparently alone, when the savages in ambush arose 
and killed one of the men, probably John Nutting himself, 
and wounded three others. At the same time the garrison- 
house, now defenceless, was attacked in the rear and the pali- 
sades pulled down, allowing the enemy to take possession. 
The women and children, comprising those of five families, 
escaped to Captain Parker's house, situated between James's 
Brook and the Town Hall. 

There is a tradition, which is entitled to credence, that 
John Nutting was killed while defending his log-house fort 
during King Philip's War. His wife's name appears a few 
months later in the Woburn town-records as " Widow Nut- 
ting," which is confirmatory of the tradition. 


Several printed accounts of King Philip's War appeared 
very soon after it was ended, and these furnish nearly all that 
is known in regard to it. At that time there was no special 
correspondent on the spot to get the news ; and, as the means 
for communication were limited, these narratives differ some- 
what in the details, but they agree substantially in their gen- 
eral statements. 

With the exception of Hubbard's Narrative, the contempo- 
rary accounts of this assault on the town are all short ; and 
I purpose to give them, in the words of the writers, for what 
they are worth. The first is from " A Brief History of the 
Warr with the Indians in Newe-England," by Increase Mather, 


published in the year 1676. This account, one of the ear- 
liest in print, is as follows : - 

March the loth. Mischief was done, and several lives cut off by 
the Indians this day, at Groton and at Sudbury. An humbling Provi- 
dence, inasmuch as many Churches were this day Fasting and Pray- 
ing. (Page 23.) 

March 13. The Indians assaulted Groton, and left but few houses 
standing. So that this day also another Candlestick was removed out 
of its place. One of the first houses that the Enemy destroyed in this 
place, was the House of God, h. e. which was built, and set apart for the 
celebration of the publick Worship of God. 

When they had done that, they scoffed and blasphemed, and came 
to Mr. Willard (the worthy Pastor of the Church there) his house 
(which being Fortified, they attempted not to destroy it) and taunt- 
ingly, said, What will you do for a house to pray in now we have 
burnt your Meeting-house ? Thus hath the enemy done wickedly in 
the Sanctuary, they have burnt up the Synagogues of God in the 
Land ; they have cast fire into the Sanctuary ; they have cast down 
the dwelling place of his name to the Ground. O God, how long 
shall the Adversary reproach ? shall the Enemy Blaspheme thy Name 
for ever 1 why withdrawest thou thine hand, even thy right hand / 
pluck it out of thy bosome. (Page 24.) 

Several accounts of the war appeared in London in 1676, 
only a few months after the destruction of this town. They 
were written in New England, and sent to Old England, 
where they were at once published in thin pamphlets. The 
authors of them are now unknown, but undoubtedly they 
gathered their materials from hearsay. At that time Indian 
affairs in New England attracted a good deal of attention in 
the mother country. One of these pamphlets is entitled : 
" A True Account of the most Considerable Occurrences 
that have hapned in the Warrc between the English and the 
Indians in New England, ... as it hath been communicated 
by Letters to a Eriend in London." This narrative says : 

On the 1 3th of March, before our Forces could return towards our 
Parts, the Indians sent a strong party, and assaulted the Town of 


Growton, about forty miles North-west from Boston, and burn'd all 
the deserted Houses ; the Garrison'd Houses, which were about ten, 
all escaped but one, which they carryed, but not the English in it ; 
for there was but one slain and two wounded. (Page 2.) 

Another account, entitled : " A New and Further Narra- 
tion of the State of New England, being a continued account 
of the Bloudy Indian-war," gives the following version : - 

The 1 4th of March the savage Enemy set upon a Considerable 
Town called Groughton, and burnt Major Wilberds House first 
(who with his family removed to Charls Town) and afterwards de- 
stroyed sixty Five dwelling-houses more there, leaving but six houses 
standing in the whole Town, which they likewise furiously attempted 
to set on fire ; But being fortified with Arms and Men as Garisons, 
they with their shot, killed several of the Enemy, and prevented so 
much of their designe ; Nor do we hear that any person on our side 
was here either slain or taken captive. (Page 4.) 

A few pages further on it says : " Grant ham and Nasha- 
way all ruined but one house or two." (Page 14.) Few 
persons would recognize this town under the disguise of 

A third one of these London pamphlets, bearing the title 
of " News from New-England," says : - 

The ith of March following these bloody Indians march't to a con- 
siderable Town called Croaton where they first set fire to Major Wil- 
lards house, and afterwards burnt 65 more, there being Seaventy two 
houses at first so that there was left standing but six houses of the 
whole Town. (Page 4.) 

The details of the burning of the town are found in " A 
Narrative of the Troubles with the Indians in New England," 
written by the Reverend William Hubbard, and printed in the 
year 1677. It is the fullest history of the events relating to 
Groton appearing near the time ; and very likely many of the 
facts were obtained from the Reverend Mr. Willard. The 


account is not as clear as might be desired, and contains 
some glaring discrepancies. It is as follows : 

March 2. They assaulted Groton : the next day over night Major 
Willard with seventy Horse came into the Town ; forty Foot also 
came up to their relief from Watertown, but the Indians were all fled, 
having first burned all the Houses in the Town, save four that were 
Garisoned, the Meeting-house being the second house they fired, 
Soon after Capt. Sill was sent with a small Party of Dragoons of 8 
Files to fetch off the Inhabitants of Groton, and what was left from 
the spoyle of the enemy, having under his conduct about sixty Carts, 
being in depth from front to reer above two mile : when a party of 
Indians lying in ambush, at a place of eminent advantage, fired upon 
the front and mortally wounded two of the vaunt Carriers, who dyed 
both the next night ; and might (had God permitted) have done emi- 
nent damage to the whole Body, it being a full hour before the whole 
Body could be drawne up, which was done with care and Courage : 
but the Indians after a few more shot made, without doing harm, 
retired, and made no further assault upon them, being the same Party 
of Indians which the day before had burned some part of Chelms- 
ford. Soon after this Village was deserted and destroyed by the 
enemy : yet was it a special providence, that though the carts were 
guarded with so slender a Convoy, yet there was not any considerable 
loss sustained. 

The Surprizall of Groton was after this manner. 

On March, 2. The Indians came in the night and rifled eight or nine 
houses and carried away some cattle, and alarmed the Town. 

On March, 9. About ten in the morning a parcel of Indians (having 
two dayes lurked in the town, and taken possession of three out-houses 
and feasted themselves with corn, divers swine and poultry which they 
there seized) laid an ambush for two Carts, which went from their 
garison to fetch in some hay, attended with four men, two of which, 
espying the enemy, made a difficult escape, the other two were set 
upon, and one of them slain, stript naked, his body mangled, and 
dragged into the high-way, and laid on his back in a most shamefull 
manner : the other taken Captive ; and after sentenced to death, but 
the enemy not concuring in the manner of it, execution was deferred, 
and he by the providence -pf God escaped by a bold attempt the 


night before he was designed to slaughter, and fled to the Garison at 
Lancaster, the cattle in both towns wounded, and five of them slain 

March, 13. Was the day when the enemy came in a full body, by 
their own account 400. and thought by the Inhabitants to be not 
many fewer. The town was at this time (having been put into a 
fright by the sad Catastrophe of Lancaster the next bordering town) 
gathered into five Garisons, four of which were so near together, as to 
be able to command from one to the other, between which were the 
cattle belonging to those Families driven into pastures, which afterward 
proved their preservation ; the other was near a mile distant from the 

This morning the Indians (having in the night placed themselves 
in several parts of the town) made their Onset ; which began near the 
four Garisons ; for a body of them having placed themselves in Am- 
buscado, behind a hill, near one of the Garisons, two of them made 
discovery of themselves, as if they had stood upon discovery. At this 
time divers of the people, nothing suspecting any such matter, (for 
the day before, many had been upon discovery many miles, and found 
no signs of an Enemy being so near) were attending their occasions, 
some foddering their cattle, some milking their Cows, of whom the 
Enemy might easily have made a seizure, but God prevented ; they 
having another design in hand, as soon after appeared : These t\vo 
Indians were at length espyed, and the Alarm given ; whereupon the 
most of the men in the next Garison, and some also of the second 
(which was about eight or nine pole distant) drew out and went to 
surprise these two Indians, who kept their station till our men reached 
the brow of the hill, then- arose the ambush and discharged a volley 
upon them, which caused a disorderly retreat, or rather a rout, in 
which one was slain, and three others wounded : mean while another 
ambush had risen, and come upon the back side of the Garison so 
deserted of men, and pulled down the Palizadoes : The Souldiery in 
this rout, retreated not to their own, but passed by to the next Gari- 
son, the women and children meanwhile exposed to hazard, but by 
the goodness of God made a safe escape to the other fortified house 
without any harm, leaving their substance to the enemy, who made a 
prey of it, and spent the residue of the day in removing the corn and 
household-stuff (in which loss five Familyes were impoverished) and 


firing upon the other Garison : here also they took some Cattle. No 
sooner was the signal given by the first volley of shot, but immediately 
in several parts of the town at once, did the smoakes arise, they firing 
the houses. 

In the afternoon they used a stratagem not unlike the other, to 
have surprised the single Garison, but God prevented. An old Indian 
if an Indian passed along the street with a black sheep on his back, 
with a slow pace, as one decrepit : They made several shot at him, but 
missed him, at which several issued out to have taken him alive, but 
the Watchman, seasonably espying an ambush behind the house, gave 
the signal, whereby they were prevented. 

The night following the enemy lodged in the town, some of them 
in the Garison they had surprized, but the Body of them in an adja- 
cent valley, where they made themselves merry after their savage man- 
ner. The next morning they gave two or three Volleyes at Capt. 
Parkers Garison, & so marched off, fearing as was thought that supply 
might be nigh at hand. This assault of theirs was managed with their 
wonted subtlety, and barberous cruelty : for they stript the body of 
him whom they had slain in the first onset, and then cutting off his 
head, fixed it upon a pole looking towards his own land. The corpse 
of the man slain the week before, they dug up out of his grave, they 
cut off his head and one leg, and set them upon poles, and stript off 
his winding-sheet. A infant which they found dead in the house first 
surprised, they cut in pieces, which afterward they cast to the swine. 
There were about forty dwelling houses burnt at that time, besides 
other buildings. This desolation was followed with the breaking up of 
the town, and scattering of the Inhabitants, and removal of the Candle- 
stick, after it had been there seated about twelve years. 

Concerning the surprizing of Groton, March 13. There was not 
anything much more material, then what is already mentioned, save 
only the insolency of John Monaco or one 'eyed John, the chief Cap- 
tain of the Indians in that design : who having by a sudden surprizal 
early in the morning seized upon a Garison house in one end of the 
Town, continued in it, plundering what was there ready at hand, all 
that day ; and at night did very familiarly in appearance, call out to 
Capt. Parker that was lodged in another Garison house, and enter- 
tained a great deal of Discourse with him, whom he called his old 
Neighbour : dilating upon the cause of the War, and putting an end 


to it by a friendly peace : yet oft mixing bitter Sarcasmes, with several 
blasphemous scoffs and taunts at their praying and worshipping God 
in the meeting house, which he deridingly said he had burned. Among 
other things which he boastingly uttered that night : he said he burnt 
Medfield (though it be not known whither he was there personally 
present or no) Lancaster, and that now he would burn that Town of 
Groton, and the next time he would burn Chelmsford, Concord, 
Watertown, Cambridge, Charlstown, Roxbury, Boston, adding at last 
in their Dialect, What Me will, Me do not much unlike the proud 
Assyrian (if his power had been equal to his pride) sometime 
threatned against Jerusalem, but was by the remarkable providence 
of God, so confounded within a few months after, that he was bereft 
of his four hundred and fourscore (of which he now boasted) and 
only with a few more Bragadozio's like himself, Sagamore Sam, old 
Jethro, and the Sagamore of Quobaog were taken by the English, 
and was seen (not long before the writing of this) marching towards 
the Gallows (through Boston Streets, which he threatned to burn at 
his pleasure) with an Halter about his neck, with which he was 
hanged at the Towns end, September 26. in this present year 1676. 
So let thine Enemies perish O "Lord, and such contempt be poured on 
all them that open their mouthes to blaspheme thy holy Name. 

Things looked with a pritty sad face about those parts at this time ; 
yet though the Righteous fall seven times, let not their Enemies rejoyce, 
for the Righteous shall rise again, but their wicked Enemies shall fall 
into mischief, and rise no more. It was ebbing water with New- 
England at this time, and a while after ; but God shall turn the 
stream before it be long, and bring down their Enemies to lick the 
dust before them. 

After this April \ 7. Captain Sill, being appointed to keep Garison 
at Groton, some Indians coming to hunt for Swine, three Indians drew 
near the Garison house, supposing it to have been deserted, were 
two of them slain by one single shot made by the Captains own 
hands, and the third by another shot made from the Garison. (Pages 

The following paragraph is taken from " A Table " in 
Hubbard's Narrative, and is found on the fourth page after 
page 132. 



Groton, surprized March 2. as is related pag. 60. & 61. [72-76?] 
the place consisting of about 60. families, was soon after deserted, yet 
are there 14. or 15. houses left standing to this day, though not inhab- 
ited for the present, pag. 73. 

I am inclined to think that the first paragraph in this 
account was written soon after the occurrence of the events, 
before the details were fully known, and that the remainder of 
the narrative was made up from more trustworthy sources. 
All after the second paragraph, beginning with " The Sur- 
prizall of Groton" is presumably accurate, and may have been 
written out after conference with persons knowing the facts. 
At any rate, the first paragraph is very confusing, and it is 
impossible now to explain the inconsistencies. 

Mr. Butler, in his " History of Groton," has endeavored to 
reconcile them. He says : 

In order to make this narrative consistent with itself, as to time and 
a regular succession of events, as they happened, conjecture and 
explanations are necessary. 

It seems there were three attacks upon Groton, one on the second 
of March, one on the ninth, and the third and principal one on the 
thirteenth. On the second of March they rifled houses, carried away 
cattle, &c. ; on the ninth, feasted on swine, poultry, &c. killed one 
man, and made another captive, who afterwards escaped to Lancas- 
ter ; and on the thirteenth they burnt the town, killed one man, and 
wounded three. After this, the inhabitants moved to Concord. The 
words in the first paragraph, under date of March second, " the next 
day over flight" are evidently a misprint. Major Willard, with seventy 
horse, and forty foot from Watertown, could not have come to the 
relief of the town upon such short notice. Besides, it is said, " the 
Indians had all fled, having burnt all the houses in town, except four 
garrisons." Now this did not happen till the thirteenth. Suppose we 
read instead of "next day over night'' next day fortnight; then 
would Major Willard have come on the seventeenth, when, to be 
sure, the Indians had all fled. The first paragraph gives only the 
general result of the principal attack, and the particulars of the removal 
of the inhabitants. Then, in the second paragraph, the author gives 


the account of the first attack, and in the third paragraph, under date 
of March 9, the particulars of the second attack ; the last clause in 
this paragraph seems to have no connection with the rest. Then fol- 
low the particulars of the third attack, on the thirteenth, and the 
departure of the enemy on the fourteenth. The " place of eminent 
advantage," where the Indians fired on the teams which were carrying 
off the inhabitants, under Captain Sill, is said to be "the ridges." 
(Pages 81, 82.) 

The ambush, mentioned by Hubbard, " Ambuscado," as 
he calls it, lay probably back of the hill behind Governor 
Boutwell's house, and it was on the hill that the two Indians 
were discovered. The valley where the savages made them- 
selves merry on the night after the assault may have been 
easterly of the cemetery. 

The Indians were a cowardly set, and never attacked in 
open field. They never charged on works in regular column, 
but depended rather on craft or cunning to defeat their adver- 
sary. The red hellhounds as they were sometimes called 
by our pious forefathers were always ready to attack women 
and children, but afraid to meet men. The main body of the 
savages passed the night following the final attack in " an 
adjacent valley," which cannot now be easily identified, but 
some of them lodged in the garrison-house which they had 
taken ; and the next morning, after firing two or three volleys 
at Captain Parker's house, they departed. They carried off a 
prisoner, John Morse, the town-clerk, who was ransomed 
a short time afterward. The following reference to him in an 
undated letter, written by the Reverend Thomas Cobbct to 
the Reverend Increase Mather, shows very nearly the time of 
his release : 

May y e i2th [1676] Good wife Diuens [Divoll] and Good wife 
Ketle vpon ransom paid, came into concord. & vpon like ransom 
presently [a]fter John Moss of Groton & lieftenant Carlors [Kerley's] 
Daughter of Lancaster were set at liberty & 9 more w'out ransom. 

[Mather Manuscripts in the Prince Collection, at the Boston Public Library, 
I. 76.] 


The ransom for John Morse was paid by John Hubbard, of 
Boston, and amounted to " about five pounds." Morse's 
petition to the council, to have Hubbard reimbursed, is as 
follows : 

To the Hono ed _ Council conveened at Boston Aug". 17^ 1676. 
The humble Petition of John Morse 

Sheweth. That yo r petition' being an Inhabitant of Groton ; hath 
together (with many others) been deprived of his Estate by the 
calamity of the \varr ; and himselfe carried away captive by the 
Enemy ; and about five pounds in mony laide down by M r John 
Hubbard of Boston for 'his ransome, and understanding that there 
hath been some Stock raised by a contribution towards the ransoming 
of the captives. Yo r petition" doth humbly pray that hee may bee con- 
sidered in the distribution of the s' 1 Stock, and that M r Hubbard may 
be reimbursed thereout ; hee having not of his own wherewith to pay 
him. and yo r petition^ shall for ever thankfully acknowledge yo r 
Hono? ffavo r therein and for ever prayer. 

This petition is Granted 17 August 1676 : 

per Consiliu : E R S. 

[Massachusetts Archives, LXIX. 48.] 

A few days passed after the final assault on the town 
before it was abandoned altogether by the settlers. Hub- 
bard says that when the inhabitants, under convoy of some 
dragoons, left the place, they were attacked by a small party 
of Indians who the day before had burned a part of Chelms- 
ford. The date of the affair at Chelmsford was, according to 
Hubbard's Narrative (page 83, verso}, about March 18, and 
this fact helps to fix the time when the town was abandoned ; 
although in another place, in " A Table " on the fifth un- 
numbered page after page 132, he says that it occurred in 
the beginning of April. A garrison, however, was still main- 
tained here for some weeks later, under command of .Captain 
Joseph Sill, of Cambridge ; and from it three Indians were 
killed on April 17, two of them by a single shot made by 


the Captain himself, and the third by one of his men. Soon 
afterward it was given up as a military post. The following 
orders relate to supplying it with ammunition : 

It is ordered that twelve pound of pouder w th shot answerable be 
delivered to the comittee of Militia of Chelmsford for so much lent by 
them out of their store to Captain Sill at Groton. 

And It is further ordered that the Comisarys M r Jn faireweather 
&c Convey ouer to y e Constable charlstown half a barrell of powde' 
& propoytionable shott to be deliuered to the persons Appointed : to 
Carry the same, to Capt Scyll at Groaten : together w th twelve pounds 
of powde r w th shott Answerable to be Conveyd & deliu rd to y e Comittee 
of militia of chelmsford for so much lent by them to Cap 1 Scyll for the 
Country service. 

past EDW RAWSON Secrety 

22 Aprill 1676. 

To the Constables of Charls Toune. 

These Require you in his Maj tys name forthwith on sight heereof to 
Impresse two able men Compleately Armed w th fower Day 5 prouission 
and two very substantiall horses bridles & sadles & well shod to Con- 
vey & Carry the Amntion to Chelmsford & Groaten & deliuer the 
same to Cap' Scill : as Comissary faireweather shall direct, making y e 
returne hereof dated in Boston the 22 th of Aprill 1676. 

By y e Council 


Deacon Elliot. 

you are ordered to deliuer two of the Country 5 horses xf best you 
haue in y r hands to Constable Mousall for y e ends aboue exprest 
22 Aprill 1676 

By y c Council EDW RAWSON Secrety 

Y e substance of y s as to horses was deliuered to y e Constable of 
Maulden & Wooburne for y* end. 

E R S 

[Massachusetts Archives, LXVIII. 221.] 


The following petition and depositions are found among the 
Shattuck Manuscripts, and refer to this period. " Alse " 
Woods was Alice, the wife of Samuel Woods. 

To the Right Honrfble the Goif and Councell sitting in Boston 

The Petition of Daniell Addams Humbly sheweth that yo r Petition' 
went out as a voluntear : upon the scout : from Concord in company 
with some of Concord and some of Lancaster : and they corneing to 
Grauton yo r petitione r there killed an Indian : and hath rec'd no wages 
from the Country for any service that he hath done : notwithstanding 
he hath beene out upon the same acco 1 severall times both the Last 
sumer and the Last winter and is now goeing out againe under the 
Coihand of Leift Curtis : 

Yo r Petitione r therefore humbly requests the favo r of your Hono r s 
to consider the premises and to grant him an order to the Treasure" 
for his satisfaction according as the Law allows in that case so shall 
he be ever engaged to pray &c 



The Petition of Daniell Addams 21 Aprill 1676 

Att Groton the i4th of march 1676 thire was Daniell Adams whoe 
was uary helpefull to the tovvne of groton with som others of Lankstar 
and the said Daniell adams did kill one Indan att M r Willards garason 


we whoe see him fall to the graund and not Rise againe 


Samuell Woodes of Grotten aged aboute forty yers of age witnis 
that he saw tooe indens standing upon Captine parkers Land at 
grotten and danill adams shote ai tham and one of thame falle doune 
and the other ran away 

17 : day of 2 : month : 1676 : 

the mark T of SAMUELL WOODES 

Alse Woods aged about forty yeares testifieth & saith ; that at 
Grooton upon the day that the moste of the Towne was burnt by the 


Indians : she heard severall say that Uaniell Adams had killed an 
Indian ; and she went vp presently into M r Willards Garritt & saw two 
Indians stand over a dead Indian about halfe an hour & then they 
carried him away & further saith not 

The mark O of ALSE WOODS 

The spring of 1676 was a critical season for the frontier 
towns of Massachusetts. During the war some of them had 
been destroyed, others threatened, and all had been alarmed. 
A proposition was brought before the Council for the better 
protection of the towns in Middlesex County, and referred to 
a special committee. It will be noticed that the order of the 
Council was dated two days after the burning of Groton, 
though it was probably under consideration before the de- 
struction of the town ; but the report made by the committee 
was written a fortnight later. The particulars of this propo- 
sition are not now known ; but they can be learned infcrcn- 
tially from the report, which is as follows : 

Cambridge 28 i m 1676 

In Obediance to an order of the Hon rd Council, march, 15 th 167^ : 
appointing us whose names are vnder writtin, as a comittee to consult 
y- seuirall townes of y c County of middlesex, with reference to y e best 
meanes of the preseruation of our outtownes remote houses and 
farmes, for their planting and security from y c common enemie. We 
haueing sent to y e seuerall townes to send us their apprehentions by 
some one mete person of each towne, This day wee consulted con- 
cerning y e same, and haue concluded to propose as followeth : 

i : That y e townes of Sudbury, Concord and Chelmsford be 
strengthened with forty men a peice, which sd men are to be im- 
proued in scouting betwen towne and towne, who are to be comanded 
by men of prudence, courage and interest in y j sd townes and y c 
partys in each towne are to be ordered to keepe together in some 
place comodious in y sd townes, and not in garison houses : and these 
men to bee vpon y e towne charge of y e country. 

2. That for y e security of Billerica there be a garison of a number 
competent at Weymessitt who may raise a thousand bushells of come 


vpon y e land of y e Indians in that place may be improued dayly in 
scouting and ranging y e woods betwen Weymissitt & andeuor and on 
y e west of concord river on y u east & north of Chelmsford, which 
will discouer y c enemie before hee comes to y e townes, and preuent 
lurking indians' about our townes. Also they shalbee in a readyness 
to y e succour of any of the three townes at any time when in distress, 
Also shall be ready to joyne with others, to follow y e enemie, vpon a 
suddin after their appearing. 

3 That such townes as lankester, groaton & marlbourough that are 
forced to remoue : and haue not some aduantage of settlement (pecu- 
liar) in y e bay, be ordered to settle at y e frontire townes that remain for 
their strengthening : and y e people of y e said townes to which they 
are appointed, are to see to their accomodations, in y e sd townes. 

4 : That y e said townes haue their owne men returned, that are 
abroad, and their men freed from impress, during their present state. 

5 : That there be appointed a select number of persons in each 
towne of midlesex who are vpon any information of the distress of 
any towne, forthwith to repaire to the releife thereof and y l such in- 
formation may be seasonable, the townes are to dispatch posts, each 
towne to y e next, till notice be conueyed ouer y e wholl County, if 
need bee. 

And in reference to y e line of stockadoes or stone worke, proposed 
to o r serious Consideration, after our best aduice vpon it, it is con- 
ceived by our seines and by all y e psons sent by y e seuerall townes, 
That it is not aduisable, for y e Reasons following 

1. The excessiue charge to effect it, maintaine and keepe it, the 
line being conceiued by those that know it best, to be longer than is 
proposed, neither can seuerall ponds fall in y c said line, vnless it be 
run so crooked that it wilbee more disadvantage than profit. 

2. The length of time before it can be accomplished, in which time 
it is to be feared that many of y e townes included, wilbee depopulated, 
vnless other meanes preuent. 

3 the damage it wilbe in taking off labourers, which in this season 
of y e year had need be improued in sowing and planting, Help in 
many places being uery scarce, 

ult : y e vselesness of it when it is done, it being so easy a matter to 
break thro' it, and y c Riuers which are to fence a great part of these 
townes are fordable, in seuerall places, and in all other places passable 


by rafts &c. which is much in vse with y e indians at this day. we might 
add y e great discontent and murmuring of y people in general! so 
farr as wee haue had oppertunity to discourse concerning it. That 
wee fear y e imposing of such a thing, would effect an ill consequence. 
These things considered besids seuerall other reasons of weight that 
might be added, cause us to present our apprehentions as in y 1 ' first 
place wee did that y c drawing of this line at this time is not aduisable. 
but all with Humbles submission to yo r Hon r : s in y e case. 
Yo r Humble Seru" ts 


Returne of Midd. coiiiittee. 28. i. 1676. 
[Shattuck Manuscripts ] 

There was another proposition at this time before the 
Council, somewhat wider in its scope and later by a few days 
in its date, which may have been akin to the one just men- 
tioned and considered by this committee, although it relates 
in no way to Groton. It was proposed to build a stockade or 
stone wall, eight feet high* from the Charles River to the 
Concord, a distance of twelve miles, more or less, as a 
defence again 1 c the Indians. This line, in connection with 
the Concord and the Merrimack Rivers, it was thought, would 
form a barrier against the savages, and protect all the towns 
lying within the district. This complicated system of defence 
was favored by the Council, and deemed sufficiently feasible 
to be referred to a board of twenty commissioners, appointed 
respectively by the towns most interested in the matter. The 
document giving the details of the affair is as follows : 

At a Councill held in Boston 23 Mrch 167^ 

Wheras seueral considerable psons, haue made aplication to vs and 
proposed it as a very nescesary expedient for the publike welfare, and 
particulerly for the security of the whole county of Essex & a great 
part of Midlesex from inroads of the comon enmy, That a line or 


fence of stockadoes or stones (as the matter best suteth) to be made 
about eight foot high; extenede[n]g from Charles Riuer, where it is 
nauigable, vnto Concord riuer not far from Georg farley house, (lining 
in Billerkey,) which fence (as y c Councill is informed) is not in length 
aboue twelue miles ; a good part wherof is allready don by large 
ponds, that wil conueniently fal in the line, & vpon this fence seuerll 
inhabitants belonging to watertown Cambridge Wooburne & Bilerekey, 
are all ready seated ; (as is iudged about halfe the distance), And 
vpon Merrimack riuer on the west side are planted the townes of 
Andeuer, Wamesit Bradford & Nevvbury, vnto the Sea, & vpon Charles 
riuer are planted part of Waterton Cambridge Charles town vnto 
the bay ; by which meanes that whole tract wilbe enuironed, for the 
security & safty (vnder God) of the people, their houses goods and 
cattel ; from the rage & fury of the enimy 

For the prosecuting this proposall, to effect, (which the Council 
app r hend is of Great concernement.) 

It is ordered that the Seueral townes that fall within this tract 
aboue mentioned ; vizt Salem, Charles town, Cambridge Watertowne, 
Ipswich, Xewbery, Rowly, Linne, Andeuer, Topsfield, Reding, Woo- 
burne, Maldon, Billerekey, Gloster, Beuerly, Wenham Manchester 
Bradford & Meadford ; doe each of them choose one able & fitt man 
as their commissioner wch comisioners are all ordered to meet at 
Cambridge vpon the last day of March at 8 of the clock in the morn- 
ing and from thence pceed (takeing such guides & helpes as are 
nesciary and take an exact suruay of the place proposed for this line 
and to offer vnto the Councel in writing an expedient how the same 
may bee prosecuted & effected & what proportion wil fall vnto euery 
towne included w'hin the same (wherin respect is to bee ; had to the 
quality of Estates & number of the inhabitants, within the said townes, 
& also to propose wais & methoods how the said line or fence shalbe 
made, maintened & defended ; for the Ends intended, And that the 
Returne to [be] made to the Counsel as soone as may bee 

And the Council doe further declare & promise that they are & 
wilbe ready at all times to promote & incorage this Affayre, and to 
make such further orders & giue such other directions as may best 
conduce to the effectuall prosecution and finishing the said worke : 
puided all wais & it is herby intended y* all charges respecting this 
affayre bee defrayed, by the inhabitants included within this line ac- 


cording to a due & equal proption ; as the said Comissioners or the 
greater number of y m shall determine ; and this order is to bee forth- 
with printed & sent by the Secretary ; to the Constables & select men 
of eny of y townes aboue named to bee put in execution accordingly 
By y Council 

[Massachusetts Archives, LXVIII. 174.] 

The population of Groton at the time of its destruction was 
about three hundred inhabitants. The Reverend Mr. Hub- 
bard, in his Narrative, estimates the number of families at 
sixty, and five persons to a family may be considered a fair 
average. The same authority says that there were forty 
dwelling-houses, besides other buildings, burned in this as- 
sault, and only fourteen or fifteen houses left standing. 

Fortunately the loss of life or limb on the part of the in- 
habitants of the town was small, and it is not known that 
more than three persons were killed of whom one was 
Timothy Cooper, and another, without doubt, John Nutting 
and three wounded ; two were made prisoners, of whom one 
escaped from the savages and reached Lancaster, and the 
other, John Morse, was ransomed. 

The lot of these early settlers was indeed hard and bitter ; 
they had seen their houses destroyed and their cattle killed, 
leaving them nothing to live on. Their alternative now was 
to abandon the plantation, which they did with much sadness 
and sorrow. The settlement was broken up, and the inhabi- 
tants scattered in different directions among their friends and 

According to the Reverend Elias Nason, in his " History of 
the Town of Dunstable, Massachusetts " : 

HOUND MEADOW HILL, in the northwesterly section of the town 
[Dunstable], is said to have received its name from the circumstance 
that when Groton was assaulted by the Indians during Philip's War, 
a pack of hounds, employed by the English, pursued a party of 
the savages to this eminence, on which two of them were slain. 
(Page 69.) 


In the autumn of 1879 the town of Groton erected a monu- 
ment to commemorate the site of the meeting-house which 
was burned during this assault. It bears the following in- 
scription : 



BUILT IN 1666 

13 MARCH 1676 

The monument, in connection with two others, was dedi- 
cated by appropriate exercises in the Town Hall, on February 
20, 1880, when an historical address was delivered, and sub- 
sequently printed. 

The following list of soldiers, who served in the garrisons at 
Groton during King Philip's War, is given in " A Journal 
appertaining to the Colony of Mattachusits," kept by John 
Hull, Treasurer of the Colony, and now in the library of the 
New England Historic Genealogical Society. The respec- 
tive dates refer to the time when the men were paid in 
Boston, and not necessarily to the time of their service. The 
figures w r ithin the parentheses indicate the page of the Jour- 
nal where the name is found. 

November 9, 1675. 

* <* 

Samuel Read (54) or 16 oo 

John Bush (54) 03 07 08 

Samuel Bull (54) 02 04 06 

John Largin [Lakin ?] (54) 02 02 oo 

Timothy Forgly (54) 02 02 oo 

Samuel Whitney (54) oo 04 04 

November 30, 1675. 

Thomas Chamberlain (62) 02 09 08 

Jeremiah Morse (62) *** 


Thomas Bancroft (62) ** 

John Wood (62) i 10 * 

Josiah Wheler (62) 02 12 02 

Hugh Taylor (62) 03 01 08 

Jacob Dane (62) 03 oo oo 

David Church (62) 04 10 oo 

Shuball Sternes (62) 03 oo oo 

Thomas Wood (62) 03 01 08 

William Gill (62) 03 07 08 

John Hawes (62) 01 10 oo 

Onesiphorus Stanly (62) 03 05 02 

John Damon (62) 03 01 08 

Daniel Starling (62) 03 03 04 

Jonathan Sprague (62) 03 oo oo 

Thomas Dunnell (62) 03 oo oo 

Jacob Winslow (62) 03 06 oo 

Pelatiah Smith (62) 03 oo oo 

Thomas Micheson (63) 03 05 02 

December 20, 1675. 

John Codington (101) . . 01 15 02 

Jonathan Parker (101) 03 08 oo 

Ephraim Bemish (101). . . 030804 

Timothy Frogly ( 1 01 ) ... 011600 

JohnTedd (101) .... 03 06 oo 

Samuel Hagar (101) . . . 3 6 

Israel Hill (101) 02 06 02 

Daniel Canada (101) . . 4 i oo 

Nathaniel Domton (101) . . . 03 oo oo 
Sebread Taylor (101) . . . 

Thomas Frost (101) . . 03 12 oo 

Samuel Allen (101) 03 09 04 

William Doule (101) . . . . 
William Halford (101) . 

January 25, 1675-6. 

Benjamin Simons (130) . . . 

Lot Johnson (130) 03 oo oo 


Samuel Bull (130) 02 02 oo 

Samuel Cleaveland (130) 02 08 oo 

Daniel Canada (130) oo 18 oo 

Jacob Dane (130) oo 18 oo 

Jeremiah Moss (130) . . . oo 06 oo 

Simon Stone (130) 03 18 oo 

Samuel Hager (130) oo 18 oo 

Fphraim Bemis (130) oo 12 oo 

Subaell Stearnes (130) 01 10 oo 

Thomas Frost (131) oo 07 oo 

Timothy Frogly (131) "000700 

David Church (131) 01 06 06 

February 29, 1675-6. 

Nath. Hill (154) "Under Cap' Wheler& at Groton Garrison" 01 12 10 

Jonathan Hill (154) 011210 

Joseph Foster (154) 011210 

John Waldo (154) 011210 

Francis Dudly (154) 01 12 10 

Samuel Fletcher, Sen. (154) 01 04 05 

Samuel Fletcher, Jr. (154) 011210 

Eleazer Brown (154) 01 19 04 

Cyprian Stevens (154) oo 14 03 

Benjamin Graves (154) 01 19 04 

John Bates (154) 01 12 10 

Stephen Goble (154) 011210 

April 24, 1676. 

Thomas Foster (216) 03 oo oo 

Elea/er Ball (216) oo 06 oo 

Jonath Crisp (216) 02 10 06 

Daniel Adams (216) oo 06 10 

June 24, 1676. 

Zachary Crisp (239) 02 15 08 

Mathias Smith (246) 01 06 06 

Nathaniel Green (246) or 12 06 


William Clough (246) 01 06 06 

John Goff (246) 01 ii oo 

James Chever (246) 01 n oo 

Edmund Gage (246) 01 06 06 

William Bordman (246) 01 02 03 

Benjamin Graves (246) ." oo 10 oo 

John Hands (246) 01 06 06 

Morris Trulove (246) 01 06 06 

Joseph Pollard (246) 01 n oo 

Moses Wheat (262) 02 08 oo 

Humphry Millard (262) oo 06 10 

Thomas Region (262) 02 14 oo 

Timothy Cutler (262) 02 08 08 

Richard Griffeth (262) 011600 

July 24, 1676. 

Richard Pasmore (338) 04 04 oo 

John Bush (338) 01 02 oo 

John Potter (338) 01 04 oo 

Symon Willard (338) oo 19 03 

In the early spring of 1678, just two years after the attack, 
the old settlers returned to re-establish the town. Undaunted 
by their bitter experience, they came back to begin life anew 
in the wilderness, with all its attendant hardships. It does 
not appear that the inhabitants were molested by the Indians 
during this period to any great degree, but they were by no 
means leading lives of ease or security. The following 
petition to the General Court, one year after their return to 
the old settlement, gives a good idea of the situation and 
circumstances : 

The humble petition and request of the greatest number of the former 
inhabitants of y K Towne of Groton 

Humbly sheweth to the Honored Generall Court setting in Boston : 
as followeth viz : 

We who have been great sufferers, by y hand of God, in the late 


Wars by our heathenish enemyes, as is well knowne to all : &c by 
which we haue bine enforced, to five before our enimyes ; to our great 
& greivous losse. <S: trouble. By y- good hand of God to us. haue had 
so much repreaue, & respitt, as we haue many of us, had y liberty <.\: 
oppertunity, to returne to the places, though not y- houses of our 
former abode. And now being under <$: exercised with many & 
great difficultyes ; Apprehending it our duty, to addresse ourselues ; not 
onely to our heavenly father ; butt earthly fathers also, in this time 01 
need : do humbly begg our case may be seriously considered, & 
weighed, & that some direction, and releife may be affoarded unto 

Some of us y- Inhabitants haue ventured : our lines some while 
since to returne againe, and many others have followed us, whose 
welcome company is rejoycing unto us. Vett our poverty. & the non- 
residence of others, doth occation us great and unavoidable trouble. 
We haue (through Gods goodnesse, & blessing our endeavours, >.\: 
attempts) procured & obtained the ministry of y c word amoung us ; 
& haue bin at some considerable charge about it. And are willing (i 
God please) to keep, & maintaine, it among us. Butt there is some 
discouragements, upon sundrey accounts. We haue had seuerall 
towne meetings to consult the good, & welfare of the towne & place 
& how things may be caried on. as to defraing publiq charges. And it 
hath bin, voated in our meetings (our visible estate being small) to 
lay it on y e lands, y 1 so an equality in some respect might be reached 
unto. This is by y e most judged to be the present best yea y- onely 
present possible way for us to proceed in. which we desire your 
honoured selues to putt y r countenance of authority upon. As also 
That our late dredfull suffering mines, and impoverishments may by 
your honoured selues be so fare minded S: considered, that we may 
for the present (till we a litle recover ourselues) be releised from 
Countrey charges. We would be rightly understood, as to our first 
request That the way by lands accomodations for the levying towne 
charges may be stated butt for y'-' present few years, till God by his 
providence may alter our capacity & condition : Thus craving rjdone 
for this our boldnesse That successe & a blessing may Attend you in 
all your affaires ; That God will accomplish his promises <S: built y e 
wast places, sett up his house & ordinances whence they have been 
removed delight to build. & plant us againe, S; not to pull us downe & 


pluck us up That we may yett see This our Jerusalem a quiett habita- 
tion Thus prayeth your humble & unworthy petitioners : 

Alt A towne meeting at Groton JAMES PARKER 

May 20'!' 1679 Ther red & voated Select man 

by the inhabitants : And clarke in y c 

name of y c rest. 
[Massachusetts Archives, LXIX. 224.] 

It answ r to this Pet" It is. ordered by this Court f for 3 : yeares 
next comeing in all levyes made for y benefit of y c s' 1 place & y 
maintenance of Gods ordinances there, those y' haue lands there & 
are not ressid' upon y e place shall pay rates for y r Lands ther as those 
do y' are ressid' and y' the Inhabitants ther ressid' be abated one single 
rate p r ann. to y country for ye like times The magis ts haue past this 
their brethren the deputyes hereto consenting 


29 th May 1679 

The deputs Consent hereto provided that the cattle vpon the place 
be lyable to pay rates also w th reffer r ence to the consent of o r Hon r0(1 
magistrs hereto 


30 th May 1679 Consented to by the magis ts 

[Massachusetts Archives, LXIX. 229.] 

Captain James Parker was the town-clerk during the years 
1678 and 1679, and in the early history of Groton was with- 
out question its most influential inhabitant. The following 
letter among the Shattuck Manuscripts, written by him a year 
after the destruction of the town, would seem to show that 
he was then living in Chelmsford, where Major Henchman's 
farm was situated : 

From M r hinchmanes ffarme ncr mercmack : 23: i'" i6f 

To the Honred Gouner and Counsell thes may informe youer 
honeres that Sagemore Wanalanset Came this morning to informe 
me, and then went to M r tinges to informe him that his son being one 



y e outher sid of meremack Riuer : a hunting with his Dauter with him 
up the Riuer ouer against Souhegan upon the : 22 day of this instant 
about tene of the clock in y c morning : he Discoured 1 5 Indens on 
this sid the Riuer which he soposed to be Mohokes by ther spech he 
caled to them thay answared but he culd not understand ther spech : 
and he hauing a Conow ther in the Riuer he went to breck his conow 
that thay might not haue ani ues of it, in y j mene time thay shot about 
thurty gunes at him and he being much frighted fled and came home 
forth with to nahamcok wher ther wigowemes now stand 
not Eles at Present but but \_sic~\ I 

Remain your saruan to Cofnand 


Re d 9. night answered 24 : march. 76 


To the Honred Gouurner 
and Counesuell att 

hast post hast 




AFTER King Philip's War the colonists were at peace with 
the Indians, but it was a suspicious kind of peace. It re- 
quired watching and a show of strength to keep it; there was 
no good-will between the native race and the white intruders. 
The savages at best made bad neighbors ; they were treacher- 
ous and addicted to drink. The following entries in the town 
records show that they were a shiftless and drunken set : - 

Jnneuary 31 1681 It [was] agred upon by the select men That 
the Indanes shall be warned out of the Toune forth with and if the 
shall neiglect the warning and if any of them be taken drounke or in 
drinke or with drinke Then these parsons ar to be sezecl and brout be 
foure the select men either by counstable or by any other parson and 
be pounesed accordin as the law doth direct and the Informar shall 
be sattised for his paines 

March 28 1682 two Indian squaws being apprehended In drinke 
& with drinke brought to y select men one squaw Nehatchechin swaw 
being drouncke was sentanced to receive & did receive ten stripes 
the other John Nasquuns sway was sentanced to pay 3 s 4'' cash and 
loose her two quart bottle and the Liquour in it awarded to Sarg :u Laken 
who seized them. 


Captain Francis Nicholson, writing from Boston to London, 
August 31, 1688, speaks of the feeling here at that time. He 
says : 

Att night [August 19] I came to Dunstable (about 30 miles from 
hence) from thence I sent two English men and an Indian to Pene- 
cooke being sixty miles up the river Merymeck ; the men told me they 
should be 3 dayes in doeing of it ; soe next day I went through Groton 
and Lancaster, where the people were very much afraid (being out 
towns) butt I told them as I did other places, that they should nott be 
soe much cast down, for that they had the happinesse of being subjects 
of a victorious King, who could protect them from all their enemies. 

[Documents relating to the Colonial History of the State of New York, 

Dunstable was formerly a very large township, and its orig- 
inal territory now includes several towns, lying mostly in New 
Hampshire. The earliest settled parts of it come within the 
present limits of Nashua. 

The following letter is preserved among the Shattuck Man- 
uscripts, and shows that the condition of the town was still 
unsettled. It gives in a few words a good insight of the situ- 
ation of affairs at the time : 

GROTON, July: 16. 1689 

To the honred Gouner and councell and Representiues : thes Lins 
shew the Request of your humbell sarunts the inhabtants of the towne 
of groton and ouer presant unsetled and almost destrected condition ; 
we mack bold to troubell you once more ; craning youer aduice and 
asistanc if it may be obtained that we may go on with ouer bisnes ; 
to gat in our haruest and do other nessary worke : the barer heare of 
James Knop and James Parker Jun r are fuly abell to aquaint the 
honred councell ouer conditon boath in miletary & other cases ; in the 
towne ; ouer ofesers are by the new choice 

James Parker sener cap' 
Jonas Prescot Lef 
John Lacken ensin. 
*$ order of the towne of groton 


July. 17. 1689. The comission offic r s nominated as above are 
allowed & confirmed by y e Gov r & Counsell. and they do order Cap' 
Prout to deliver unto James Knop and James Parker for y c use of s ' 
Town forty pounds of powder and one hundred weight of Lead taking 
their bill to repay it again into ye stoar in some Convenient time. & 
do also appoynt y Major of ye Low' Regim' of y l Comd to order y c 
Impressing of ten soldiers in a meet proportio out of ye seu r all com- 
panyes under his couiand. to be sent as soone as may be for their 

By order of ye Gov r & Councill 

Is A ADDINGTON, Sec r y. 


Groton Military Officers, past 1 7? July. 89. 

The military company of the town was still kept up, and 
known as the Foot Company; and, during a part of the year 
1689, was supported by some cavalry under the command of 
Captain Jacob Moore. James Parker, Sen., was appointed 
the captain of it; Jonas Prescott, the lieutenant; and John 
Lakin, the ensign ; and these appointments were confirmed 
by the governor and council, at a convention held in Boston, 
July 13, 1689. A month later, August 10, Captain Parker 
was ordered to supply Hezekiah Usher's garrison at Nonacoi- 
cus with " three men of the men sent up thither or of the 
Town's people for y e defence of y l Garrison being of publique 
concernment." Groton was one of the four towns that were 
designated, August 29, as the headquarters of the forces de- 
tached for the public service against the common enemy 
Casco, Newichewanick (Berwick), and Haverhill being the 
others. The Middlesex Upper Regiment and the Suffolk 
Horse were stationed here ; and soon afterward is recorded 
an order to send " to the head Quarter at Groton for supply 
of the Garrison there one Thousand weight of Bread, one 
barrell of Salt, one barrell of powder three hundred weight of 
Shott, and three hundred fflints, Six quire of Paper." Eleven 
troopers were sent to this post, September 17, under Cornet 


John Chubbuck, in order to relieve Corporal Ebenezer White 
and his command ; a fortnight later Cornet Chubbuck was 
succeeded by John Pratt. (Archives, LXXXI. 24, 60, 63, 67, 
74, Si.) The commissary of the post at this time was Jona- 
than Remington, who seems to have had but little duty to 
perform. Shortly afterward, the order came from the Gov- 
ernor and Council to discharge him, as well as Captain Moore 
and his company of cavalry, from the public service. The 
record is as follows : 

Upon information there is but little work for a Comissary at Groton 
the Representatives do agree & order that the Comissary there ; be 
discharged from said Imploymen' : 

Ordered by the Representatives That Capt' 1L: Jaccob Moore w th his 
Company at Groton be forth w th drawne off and discharged desireing 
the Hon rd Gov r & Councill Consent 

Novemb r ; 6 th : 1689: EBENEZER PROUT Clerk 

Consent' 1 to by the Gov r 
& Councill 

1st ADDINGTON Sec ry 
[Massachusetts Archives, XXXV. 71, 73.] 

Jeremy Sweyne writes, from " Berwick att Salmon falls 
Octob r 15. 89,"- 

Capt. Wiswell with ye biggest part of his part of his company 
scouted up westward into ye chestnut woods 4 dayes but found none 
of ye enimy nor yet where y y haue lately binn, it is supposed y l small 
party of Indians may be in ye chestnut cuntry beyond Groaton, . . . 

[Massachusetts Archives, XXXV. 56.] 

John Paige, of Groton, went in the expedition to Canada, 
in the year 1690, under Major Wade; he was wounded in the 
left arm, and did not entirely recover for two years. His sur- 
geon's bill, amounting to seven pounds, was paid out of the 
public treasury. The petition in his behalf, now among the 
Shattuck Manuscripts, is as follows : 


To his Excellency S" William Pliips Knight Cap" Generall and Gor- 
ernour in chiefe of their Maj' 1 " Province of the Massachusetts Bay 
in New England, and Hon rd Council and Representatives thereof 
now assembled in Generall Court sitting att Boston ffebruary 23' 

The petition of John Paige of Groton for himself and in behalf of 
his son John Paige who was a souldier under the comand of Major 
Wade in the Late Expedition to Canada against y coition enemy 

Humbly Shevveth That yo r Petitio r s son the s' 1 John Paige att 
Canada received a Grevious wound in his left arme, of which after 
his returne home he lay lame und r the Chyrurgeons hand for the 
Space of Twelve months and upwards, before he gatt cure, and 
after he gatt cure was a twelve month more before he could doe or 
performe any reasonable bodily Labour to procure himself a Lively 

That Yo r Petition" sons cure came to Seaven pounds w ch yo r Peti- 
tio r undertooke the payment of to the Chyrurgeon, and of wh dl he hath 
only rec li from the country thirty shillings, w ch was soe much allowd 
and ordered by the Comittee formerly appointed to Inspect y c affaires 
of Canada wounded men, his Son being att that time under cure, butt 
not cured till a very Considerable time aft r and soe had said thirty 
shillings allowed him for payment of y e Chyrurgeon for what he had 
done to that time 

Now Forasmuch as yo r Petitio r hath formerly made Applycation to 
yo r Ex cy and this hon ri1 Court referring to y c premisses Butt nothing 
hither haveing therein been done, yett hopes you will not deale by 
his son worse then by others of y e wounded men. 

Yo r Petitio r Therefore for himself and in behalf of his said son 
humbly Entreats yo r Exc cy and this hon rd Court to take y c premisses 
into consideracofi. and that you will please to allow and order unto yo r 
petition' the remainder of s d moneys for the cure of his son, as also 
that you will please to allow unto his son Such compensation for the 
loss of his time and for payment of his Dyatt during the continuance 
of his afores d lameness, as to yo r wisdoms shall seeme most meet & 

And yo r Petition' as in 

duty bound Shall ever pray 



This may certifie that John Paige Sone of the Petition' was under 
the hands of me Jonathan Prescott Chyrurgeon above a twelve months 
time, and that his cure pformed by me came to seaven pounds 


voted that John Page Jun r son of the Petition" shall for the payment 
of the Chirurgion and Dyet Dureing the time of his Cure Receive out 
of the publicque treasury of this province Twelve pounds deducting 
out of s' 1 suiTie what he has all ready Reced : passed in the Affirmative 
by the House Re. NATH : BYFIELD Speaker 


John Paige of Groton his petition 
1693 27 febr Vof. 1 in Council . 12. to be p d deducting &:c. 

Anything relating to the brave men who suffered in the 
Indian wars is now of interest, and I offer no apology for 
giving incidents that may to some persons seem trivial. 

Cotton Mather mentions, in his Magnalia, a few instances 
of " mortal wounds upon the English not proving mortal," and 
gives the case of an inhabitant of this town who was in a gar- 
rison at Exeter, New Hampshire, when that place \vas as- 
saulted, July 4, 1690. He says : 

It is true, that one Simon Stone being here Wounded with Shot in 
Nine several places, lay for Dead (as it was time !) among the Dead. 
The Indians coming to Strip him, attempted with Two several Blows 
of an Hatchet at his Neck to cut off his Head, which Blows added you 
may be sure, more Enormous Wounds unto those Port-holes of Death, 
at which the Life of the poor Man was already running out as fast as 
it could. Being charged hard by Lieutenant Bancroft they left the 
Man without Scalping him ; and the English now coming to Bury the 
Dead, one of the Soldiers perceived this poor Man to fetch a Gasp ; 
whereupon an Irish Fellow then present, advised 'em to give him 
another Dab with an Hatchet, and so Bury him with the rest. The 
English detesting this Barbarous Advice, lifted up the Wounded Man, 
and poured a little Fair Water into his Mouth at which he Coughed ; 
then they poured a little Strong Water after it, at which he opened 
his Eyes. The Irish Fellow was ordered now to hale a Canoo ashore 


to carry the Wounded Men up the River unto a Chirurgeon ; and as 
Teague was foolishly pulling the Canoo ashore with the Cock of his 
Gun, while he held the Muzzle in his Hand, his Gun went off and 
broke his Arm, whereof he remains a Cripple to this Day : But 
Simon Stone was thoroughly Cured, and is at this Day a very Lusty 
Man ; and as he was Born with Two Thumbs on one Hand, his 
Neighbours have thought him to have at least as many Hearts as 
Thumbs /" (Book VII. page 74.) 

Many families who have lived in Groton trace back their 
line of descent to this same Simon Stone, who \vas so hard to 
kill, and to whom, fortunately, the finishing " Dab with an 
Hatchet " was not given. 

Occasionally the early settlers gave Christian names to the 
savages living in their neighborhood, perhaps with some 
baptismal rite. These names were used in connection with 
their Indian ones, though sometimes followed by the word 
" Indian " as a surname. Instances of this custom are not 
uncommon. The following certificates of Josiah Parker, the 
town-clerk, relate to Jacob Nonantinooah, or Jacob Indian, 
who had been living in the vicinity. From the official posi- 
tion of the writer they were of considerable authority : 

Josiah Parker of Groton testifyes that he is very well acquainted 
vv th y e Indian now in prison named Jacob Nonantinooah & that he 
Can say of his certain knowledge y' he hath seen him every month 
since y e last Indian warr began, except it was when he y e said Jacob 
was in y e Countrey service under y e Cofnand of Capt" Noah Wiswall 
in the years Eighty nine & Ninety : allso if he be required he Can 
produce severall y' Can testify y e same Hee further saith that as far 
as it is possible to know an Indian he is a friend to the English <N: 
hath manifested the same both in word an Action & whereas severall 
of y e Inhabitants of Groton have been out in y e woods on hunting 
they have taken this said Jacob w'l 1 them who in y night hath showne 
his Care more then any of them in his watchfullness : expressing him- 
selfe to them that it did Concerne him so to do, for if they were Sur- 
prized by y e enemy Indians he should be worse dealt w 1 ! 1 then the 
English : also many other Instances might be mentioned : 



GROTON Decmbr. 8 1 ! 1 1691 

The testomoneys of Josiah Parker aged. 36 : years : and of Joseph 
Parker aged 40 yeres : Thomas Tarball aged. 25 : years or there 
abouts ; testify concarning Jacob Indein now in prison ; that the two 
winters last past y c s a Jacob has bin gineraly in owr tovvne with his 
famely Except when he was out a hunting and then the s' 1 Joseph 
Parker or s' 1 Tarball were out with him or soni other Inglesh men who 
have geeuen sd Jacob a good coment as to his care and wachfulnes as 
to y c enemy boath by night and day and by the best inquiery that we 
can make s' 1 Jacob has never bin out a hunting aboue once without 
som English Companey with him & then he was not gon aboue a 
fortnight and that was about two years sence ; the which if caled too 
am redy too testify upon oath pr me 


GROTON Decmbr. 8 th . 1691 

Concarning the man that has accuesed the Indeins in prison he is 
a man litell to be credeted for on the : 2 th day of this Instent at 
Euening : Let' 1 Boweres and : I : at Mr. Sumers'is at charlestowne 
discorsing him namly Abraham Miller about y c s' 1 Indeins : and, 
teling him that he was mistaken for thes Indeins ware not at Canedy 
at that time when he charged them ; s' 1 Miller sd Zoundes that if ever 
he saw them Indens again out of prison he would kill them : and 
being a litell cautioned to be sober minded he broke out with an oath 
that if he ware but out of ye countrey himselfe ; he wished the In- 
deins would knock out y e braines of every person in New england. 
This was spok before M r Sumers & his wife and severall outliers ; y c 
s' 1 person being asked whether he ware not in a passion sometime 
after he Replyed no he was of y c same mind still that if he ware out 
of y countrey he did not care if all the Rest ware knocked their 
braines out to which if caled to am redy too testify upon oath. 
Pr me 

[Massachusetts Archives, XXX. 323.] 

Thirteen chapters of a history of the town were published 
in the " Groton Herald" between December 12, 1829, and 
July 3, 1830. of which Mr. Butler wrote the first eleven, and 
Mr. Lemuel Shattuck the other two chapters. The following 



extract is taken from the last one, which appeared in tin 
issue of July 3 : 

For many years subsequent to this period, the system which had 
been followed in 1675 and 6, of settling in garrisons for protection 
against the Indians, was continued. From an account of the " settle- 
ment of the garrisons in the west regiment of Middlesex," the follow- 
ing, relating to Groton, is extracted and is valuable. 

Groton, Afarcli i 7///, 1691-2 
Ensign Jno. Lakin and 
Jno. Paris, 

Widdow Blood, Junr. 
William Sanders, 

Jno. Lakin, 10 men. 

Nathaniel Blood, 
Jno. Alexander, 
Benjamin Palmer and 
their familys. 

Capt. [James] Parker and 
Samuel Parker, 
James Parker, 
Zac. Parker, 
William Longley, 
Jno. Nutting, 
Thomas Tarbell, 
James Robinson, 
James Nutting, and 
their familys. 

Enosh Lawrence 
Lieut. Lakin and 3 sons, 
Joseph Lawrence, 
Samuel Walmer, 
James Blood, 
Jno. Shadock, 
Samuel Kemp, 
Daniel Barney and 
their familys. 

f 1 1 men. 

13 men. 


Lt. [Jonas] Prescott and 
Nathaniel Lawrence, 
James Knop, 
Elias Barnes, 
Samuel Scripture, 
Ephraim Filbrook, 
Daniel Peirce, 
Jno. Barnes, 
Steven Holding, 
Jno. Perrum, 
Samuel Davis and 
their familys. 
widdow Sawtle with 

Jno. Davis, 

Nicholas Cade, 

Cornelius Church, 

Jno. Cade, 

Joseph Cade, 

Joshua Whitting, [Whitney] 

Joshua Whitting, Junr. [Whitney] 

Peleg Lawrence, 

Jonathan Lawrence, 

James Fisk, 

Samuel Fisk, 

Robert Robin and 

their familys. In all 31 men. 

Jno. Farnsworth and 
Mathew Farnsworth, 
Benjamin Farnsworth, ' 
Samuel Farnsworth, 
Widdow Farnsworth, 
Simon Stone, 
Jno. Stone, 

Nicholas Hutchins and 
their familys. 


6 1 

At Mr. Hezekiah Usher's farm. 
Samuel Bennet, ^ 

Bennet, and ^5 men. 
Three Souldiers. 

(91 men.) 

The " Whitting's " names are wrongly spelt. They should have l)een 
Whitney. They and many other of these families were from Water- 
town. Their sister Ruth, the widow of Mr. John Shattuck, who was 
drowned in Charlestown Ferry in 1675, anc ^ tne mother of the Shat- 
tuck families in Groton and Pepperell, married Enosh Lawrence/ 
Several curious facts might be related concerning many of these 
families, were it consistent with the time and object of this communi- 
cation. Could not the location of each of these eight garrisons be 
ascertained ? 

Mr. Butler prints this list of garrisons in his History (page 
91), and gives an additional one between Enosh Lawrence's 
and Jonas Prescott's, as follows : 

William Green and 
John Lawrence, 
Abigail Parker, widow, 
Joshua Wheat, 
Samuel Church, 
Joseph Parker, 
John Greene, 
Daniel Cady, 
John Page and sons, 
Samuel Woods, sen., 
Thomas Woods, and 
their families. 



This garrison was omitted from Mr. Shattuck's list, probably 
by an oversight; and the " 11 men" are needed to make up 
the sum total of "91 men." It would gratify curiosity to 
know the sites of these several garrison-houses, and where 
each family lived ; but this can be stated only in a general 
and imperfect manner. 


Ensign John Lakin, and the families named with him, are 
believed to have lived in that part of the town known as 
Nod, and the outlying district. 

Captain James Parker's land lay, in part, on both sides of 
the present Main Street, and his house stood near the site 
of the Town Hall. The persons named with him lived, mostly, 
in the northerly part of the village. 

Enosh Lawrence, and those associated with him, occupied 
the northerly part of the town. 

Lieutenant Jonas Prcscott's house-lot was at the southerly 
end of the village, and those in the garrison with Prescott 
lived near by. 

John Davis and his associates dwelt in the southeasterly 
part of the town, on the " Great Road " to the Ridges. 

John Farnsworth and the others with him lived in the 
south part of the town. 

Hezekiah Usher's farm was at Nonacoicus, now included 
in the town of Aycr. Usher's will, on file in the Suffolk 
County Probate Office, is dated Nonacoicus, April 17, 1689. 
He had married the widow of President Hoar, of Harvard 
College, who was a daughter of John Lisle, one of the Com- 
missioners of the Great Seal, under Cromwell ; but the mar- 
riage was not a happy one. She left him and went to England 
in the year 1687, and did not return until after his death, 
which took place at Lynn on July II, 1697. 1 hi s w ^ 
he refers very plainly to his domestic troubles, and bitterly 
blames his absent wife. 

William Green lived near the site of Lawrence Academy ; and 
those with him, southerly and easterly of this neighborhood. 

During this period the Indians began again to be trouble- 
some, and for the next fifteen or twenty years continued their 
occasional depredations by murdering the inhabitants, burn- 
ing their houses, destroying their crops, or killing their cattle. 
Into these garrison-houses the neighboring families gathered 
at night, where they were guarded by armed men who 
warned the inmates of any approach of danger. 


David Jeffries, writing from Boston, September 16, 1692, to 
Lieutenant-Governor John Usher, says : - 

y e 14 th Inst at night a Post came to towne fro Majo r Hinrksman, 
w ch gave an ace" of about 80 or 100 Indians, y' our scouts had made 
discovery of in y night siting j> theire fires hammering of slugs for 
theire gunns our scouts was soe neare them y 1 they could see y' Indi- 
ans & heare them talke, yesterday morning we had news y 1 y c Indians 
had killd two men at Groton Jera : Bowers is gone out w t!l about 
100 men after them. . . . 

The letter is now in the possession of Mr. William Lloyd 
Jeffries, of Boston. 

A few weeks later James Blood was killed by the " French 
and Indian enemy" on October 13, 1692, according to Mr. 
Lemuel Shattuck, in his Shattuck Memorials (page 78). Mr. 
Butler mentions the fact, but does not give the date. Possi- 
bly there is an error in regard to the time, and Blood may 
have been one of the men killed, as mentioned by David 

At times troops were stationed here by the Colonial au- 
thorities for the protection of the town ; and the orders and 
counter-orders to the small garrison tell too well that danger 
was threatening. In the mean while King William's \Var 
was going on ; and the enemy had material and sympathetic 
aid from the French in Canada. The second attack on 
the town came in the summer of 1694, and the accounts 
of it I prefer to give in the words of contemporary writers. 
Sometimes there are discrepancies, but, in the main, such 
narratives are trustworthy. 

The attack was made on Friday, July 27, and Cotton 
Mather, in his Magnalia, thus refers to it: 

Nor did the Storm go over so : Some Drops of it fell upon the 
Town of Groton, a Town that lay, one would think, far enough oft" the 
Place where was the last Scene of the Tragedy. 

On July 27. [1694,] about break of Day Groton felt some sur- 
prizing Blows from the Indian Hatchets. They began their Attacks 


at the House of one Lieutenant Lakin, in the Out-skirts of the Town ; 
but met with a Repulse there, and lost one of their Crew. Never- 
theless, in other Parts of that Plantation, (when the good People 
had been so tired out as to lay down their Military IVatcK) there 
were more than Twenty Persons killed, and more than a Dozen car- 
ried away. Mr. Gershom Hobart, the Minister of the Place, with 
part of his Family, was Remarkably preserved from falling into their 
Hands, when they made themselves the Masters of his House ; though 
they Took Two of his Children, whereof the one was Killed, and the 
other some time after happily Rescued out of his Captivity. (Book 
VII. page 86.) 

Charlevoix, a French missionary in Canada, gives from his 
own standpoint another version, as follows : 

The Abenaqui chief was Taxous, already celebrated for many ex- 
ploits, and commendable attachment to our interests. This brave man, 
not satisfied with what he had just so valiantly achieved, chose forty of 
his most active men, and after three days' march, by making a long 
circuit, arrived at the foot of a fort [at Groton] near Boston, and 
attacked it in broad day. The English made a better defence than 
they did at Pescadoue [Piscataqua]. Taxous had two of his nephews 
killed by his side, and himself received more than a dozen musket 
balls in his clothes, but he at last carried the place, and then continued 
his ravages to the very doors of the capital. 

[History of New France, IV. 257, Shea's edition.] 

The following reference to the assault is found in the re- 
port, made October 26, 1694, by M. Champigny, to the Min- 
ister Pontchartrain. The original document is in the Archives 
of the Marine and Colonies at Paris; and I am indebted to 
Mr. Francis Parkman, the distinguished historian, for a copy 
of it: 

These Indians did not stop there ; four parties of them have since 
been detached, who have been within half a day's journey of Boston 
[/'. e., at Groton], where they have killed or captured more than sixty 
persons, ravaged and pillaged everything they found, which has thrown 
all the people into such consternation that they are leaving the open 
country to seek refuge in the towns. 


A French " Relation " of an expedition by Villieu also 
mentions the assault. A copy of the paper is found in the 
Massachusetts Archives at the State House, in the volume 
marked "Documents collected in France," IV. 251. The 
writer gives the date of the attack some days later than is 
usually assigned. He says : 

On the 30th the Indians of the Penobscot, not having taken as 
many prisoners and as much booty as those of the Kennebec, because 
they had not found enough to employ themselves ; at the solicitation 
of Villieu and of Taxous their chief, some fifty of them detached them- 
selves to follow this last person, who was piqued at the little that had 
been done. They were joined by some of the bravest warriors of 
the Kennebec, to go on a war party above Boston to break heads by 
surprise \casser des fetes a la surprise], after dividing themselves into 
several squads of four or five each, which cannot fail of producing a 
good effect. (Pages 260, 261.) 

Judge Sewall, in his Diary, printed in the " Collections of 
the Massachusetts Historical Society," writes: 

Friday, July 27. Groton set upon by the Indians, 21 persons 
kill'd, 13 captivated, 3 badly wounded. About 9. night, Mr. Lodo- 
wick comes to Boston. Between 10. and n. there is an Alarm, 
through the Town kept up till near day-break. Mr. Brattle was arriv'd 
at Col. Shrimpton's, there he told me of Mr. Lodowick's unhappi- 
ness in coming just then. During the Alarm, Mr. Willard's little 
daughter Sarah dies, buried on Sabbath-day a little before Sunset. 
(V. Fifth series, 391.) 

The child Sarah, mentioned by Sewall, was a daughter, only 
a few months old, of the Reverend Samuel Willard, the minister 
of Groton when the town was previously burned ; but at this 
time he was settled over the Old South Church in Boston. 

The Reverend John Pike makes the following reference to 
the assault, in his Journal, printed in the Proceedings of the 
same Society for September, 1875 : 

July 27. The enemy fell upon Groton ab' day-break, killed 22 
persons & Captivated 13. (XIV. 128.) 



Governor Hutchinson, in his " History of the Province of 
Massachusetts Bay," published during the following century, 
writes : 

Having crossed Merrimack, on the 2yth of July [1694] they fell 
upon Groton, about 40 miles from Boston. They were repulsed at 
Lakin's garrison house, but fell upon other houses, where the people 
were oft* their guard, and killed and carried away from the vicinity 
about forty persons. Toxus's two nephews were killed by his side, 
and he had a dozen bullets through his blanket, according to 
Charlevoix, who adds that he carried the fort or garrison and then 
went to make spoil at the gates of Boston ; in both which facts the 
French account is erroneous. (II. 82.) 


In the assault of July, 1694, the loss on the part of the 
inhabitants was considerably greater than when the town was 
destroyed in the attack of 1676. It is said that the scalps of 
the unfortunate victims were given to the Count de Frontenac, 
governor of Canada. A large majority, and perhaps all, of the 
prisoners taken at this time were children. The Indians had 
learned that captives had a market value ; and children, when 
carried off, could be more easily guarded than adults. It was 
more profitable for the savages to exchange prisoners for a 
ransom, or sell them to the French, than it was to kill them. 
It is now too late to give the names of all the sufferers, but a 
few facts in regard to them may be gathered from fragmen- 
tary sources. The families that suffered the severest lived, for 
the most part, in the same general neighborhood, which was 
near the site of the first meeting-house. Lieutenant William 
Lakin's house, where the fight began, was situated in the 
vicinity of Chicopee Row. 


The following list of casualties, necessarily incomplete and 
in part conjectural, is given as an approximation to the loss 
sustained by the town : 

Killed. Captured. 

John Longley's family 7 3 

Rev. Mr. Hobart's i i 

John Shepley's 4? i 

James Parker, Jr.'s 2 3 ? 

Alexander Rouse's 2 i 

Mr. Gershom Hobart, the minister, whose house was cap- 
tured in this assault, lived where the Baptist meeting-house 
now stands. One of his boys was killed, and another, Ger- 
shom, Jr., was carried off. There is a tradition extant that 
a third child was concealed under a tub in the cellar, and thus 
saved from the fury of the savages. Judge Sewall writes in 
his Diary, under the date of May i, 1695 : 

Mr. Hobarts son Gershom is well at a new Fort a days Journey 
above Nerigawag [Norridgewock], Masters name is Nassacombewit, a 
good Master, and Mistress. Master is chief Captain, now Bambazeen 
is absent. 

[Massachusetts Historical Collections, V. Fifth series, 403, 404.] 

It is not known exactly when he was rescued from captiv- 
ity, but probably not long afterwards. The inscription on the 
Shepley monument says that " the Indians massacred all the 
Sheples in Groton save a John Sheple 16 years old who the[y] 
carried captive to Canada and kept him 4 years, after which 
he returned to Groton and from him descended all the Sheples 
or Shepleys in this Vicinity; " but there is no record to show 
how many there were in this family. Mr. Butler, in his 
History (page 97), makes substantially the same statement, 
but does not mention any number. In my list it is placed at 
five, which is conjectural ; of this number probably four were 
slain. Shepley lived near where the Martin's Pond road starts 
off from the North Common. The knowledge which the bov 


John obtained of their language and customs, while a prisoner 
among the Indians, was of much use to him in after-life. 
Tradition relates that, when buying furs and skins of them, he 
used to put his foot in one scale of the balance instead of a 
pound weight. In the summer of 1/04, while he and thirteen 
other men were reaping in a field at Groton, they were at- 
tacked by about twenty Indians. After much skirmishing, 
Shepley and one of his comrades, Butterfield by name, suc- 
ceeded in killing one of the assailants, for which act they 
each were allowed four pounds by the government. He was 
the direct ancestor of the late Honorable Ether Shepley, 
of Portland, formerly Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of 
the State of Maine, and of his son, the late General George 
Foster Shepley, formerly a Justice of the Circuit Court of 
the First Circuit of the United States. 

Sheplcy's petition to the General Court, which gives the 
particulars of the attack, is as follows : 

To his Excellency Joseph Dudley Esq r Cap'. General and Goremo''. 
in Chief in &> over her ^Iaf : '^ Provinces of the Massachusetts-Bay 
&> ril in New England To tJie Hon ! ' ! ; her Maf": s Council in s* Pror- 
ince and To the Hon 1 ' 1 .* tlie House of Representatives now convened in 
General Assembly within &" for said Province. Octob''. 25?'' 1704. 

The Humble Petition of John Shepley of Groton Sheweth 
That when Major Taylor was at Groton, having drawn off most of 
his men from the place, and marched to Col. Tyngs yo. r Petitioner and 
Thirteen men more being some reaping and y c rest Warding in a ffield 
at Groton afores' 1 the Indians to the number of about twenty came 
upon them when yo r . Petitioner and the rest betook themselves to their 
Arms, and three others being along with yo r Petitioner, the Indians ran 
round the ffield & met them & the s' 1 Indians made several shott at the 
English, but amongst the rest one lusty stout Indian with a holland 
shirt on ran about 8 or 10 Rodcl side by side with yof Petitioner & 
the other 3 men in his Company, about 10 Rodd to the right hand of 
them when he fired upon us, and as soon as he had fired yo r Petitioner 
fired being loaded with a slugg & another of the Company at the same 


time fired a Bullet at him, whereupon the s' 1 Indian fell down and 
cryd out ; There were 3 of our first Company kilPd or carryed 
away, Afterwards ye s l1 Indian was found dead & a slugg & I Juliet 
in his Body his Scalp being sent up to his Excellency by Major 

Yo r Petitioner therefore humbly prays yo r Excellency c\: Hon r> to 
take the premises into yo' Consideration and he may be allowed 
such Encouragem' for his service herein as the Law allows 
or as to yo r Excellency & Hono r ." in yo r Wisdoms shall seem 

and yor Petitioner shall pray m 

Octob' 26 th 1704. 
In Council, 
Read and sent down. 

On the back of the petition is written : 

In the House of Representatives 
Octo!^ 27: i 704 Read and 

Resolved. That the sum of four Pounds be allowed and Paid 
out of the publick Treasury to the Petition! and the like Sum 
of four Pounds to Samuel Butterfield, who this House is Inform' 1 
did assist in the killing of the Indian mentioned in the Petition, 
and that no other or further sum be allowed for the killing of the 
s d Indian 

Sent up for Concurrence 

in Council. 
Die pdict. 

Read and Concurr'd 


[Endorsed] John Shepley's Petition Octo: i 704 

[Massachusetts Archives, XXX. 496,497.] 

While it was resolved, in connection with this petition, that 
no further sum be allowed for the killing of the Indian, But- 
terfield subsequently obtained an additional sum of five pounds 


from the public treasury in consequence of his services and 
the loss of his accoutrements. The application for help, 
dated April 10, 1706, is printed on page 95; and from this 
document it appears that Butterfield was captured with 
another man at this time, and a third one was killed. The 
attack occurred in the month of August, 1704. 

A petition to the General Court, dated May 31, 1699, an d 
signed by Josiah Parker, says that " James Parker Jun r Brother 
to yo r humble Pet" r was killed, with his Wife, several of his 
Children also were then carryed away Captive." In the list of 
casualties I have placed the number of these children at 
three, which is conjectural on my part. The site of Parker's 
house is unknown. 

The petition for the relief of the family is as follows: - 


To his Excellency The' Right Hon H f Richard Ectrle of Bcllomont 
GoTerinf. in CJiief of his Majesties Prorince of the Massachusetts 
Bay in New England and to y" Hon bl ' y f Council and Representa- 
tives in Gen" Court Assembled 

The Petition of Josiah Parker of Cambridge humbly sheweth 
That whereas in the year 1693 [1694?] the Indian enemy made an 
assault upon the Town of Groton in which, among others James 
Parker Jun r Brother to yo r humble Pet'! r was killed, with his Wife, 
several of his Children also were then carryed away Captive, one of 
which named Phinehas Parker something less than a year ago was (by 
a Master of a Vessell belonging to Ipswich) redeemed from the Indians 
at y e Eastward : which said Master has been reimbursed by yor Pet nr 
w cl ' is to the Value of about six pounds in Money. 

The earnest request of yo[ humble Pet n . r to yo r Excellency & to this 
Hon' 1 .' 1 -* Court is that you would please to consider him & that allow- 
ance may be made him out of the publick Treasury for what he lias 
disburst Also he desires humbly that you would please something to 
consider the said Phinehas who is a poor Orphan now- about twelve 
years old, and is like wise lame of one of his Leggs occasioned by y 
cruelty of y e Salvages and it is very questionable whether ever lie will 


be cured, & has little or nothing left him of his Fathers estate for his 
support If therefore what has here been suggested by yo r humble 
Pet"/ may be accordingly considered and granted, it will greatly oblige 
him, as in duty Bound, 

Ever to Pray, &c 

June 3 1699 Read ist tyme 

June 6 th 1699 read a 2'! time, June y th read a 3 rd time and Voted 
that the Petitioner be Allowed six pounds money out of the publick 

Sent up for Concurrence 

[Massachusetts Archives, LXX. 401.] 

The late Reverend James Delap Farnsworth, in a manu- 
script account of William Longley, now in the library of the 
New England Historic Genealogical Society, says that " two 
of his neighbors named Rouse" were killed in the same mas- 
sacre. Alexander Rouse lived in the vicinity, and this refer- 
ence by Mr. Farnsworth is to him and his wife. There 
was one " Tamasin Rouce of Grotten " received January 17, 
1698-99, on board the Province Galley at Casco Bay; and 
she, doubtless, was a daughter. (Archives, LXX. 399.) Two 
commissioners had been sent to Casco Bay, in order to make 
a treaty of peace with the Indians, and to bring away the 
prisoners. One of the commissioners "took certain Minutes 
of Remarkable Things from some of the captives," and Cot- 
ton Mather, in his Magnalia, gives his readers what he calls 
" a Taste of them." Mather speaks of the little girl, and 
says : 

Assacombuit sent Thomasin Rouse, a Child of about Ten Years old, 
unto the Water-side to carry something. The Child cried : He took 
a Stick and struck her down : She lay for Dead : He took her up and 
threw her into the Water : Some Indians not far off ran in and fetch'd 
her out. This Child we have now brought home with us. (Book 
VII. Page 95.) 


Among the " Nams of thos Remaining Still in hands of 
the french at Canada," found in a document dated October, 
1695, are those of " Lidey Langly gerl " and " Jn" Shiply 
boy." In this list the residences of both these children are 
incorrectly written, Lydia's being given as Dover, New Hamp- 
shire, and John's as Oyster River. They both belonged in 
this town, and were taken at the assault of July 27, 1694. 
The name of Thomas Drew appears in the same list as of 
Groton, which is a mistake, as he was of Oyster River. 
(Archives, XXXVIII. A 2.) 

This expedition against Groton was planned in part by the 
Indians at a fort called Amsaquonte above Norridgewock, in 
Maine. It was arranged also in the plan of operations that 
Oyster River now Durham, New Hampshire should be 
attacked on the way ; and the assault on that town was made 
July 1 8, nine days before the one on Groton. At Oyster 
River more than ninety persons were either killed or cap- 
tured ; the prisoners from the two towns appear to have been 
taken to Maine, where they were brought frequently together 
during their captivity. On January 21, 1695, Lieutenant- 
Governor William Stoughton issued a proclamation, in which 
he refers to the " tragical outrages and barbcrous murders " 
at Oyster River and Groton. He says that several of the 
prisoners taken at these places " are now detained by the said 
Indians at Amarascoggin and other adjoining places." l 

Hezekiah Miles, alias Hector, a friendly Indian, at one 
time a captive in the enemy's hands, made a deposition 
before the Lieutenant-Governor and Council, at Boston, May 
31, 1695, stating that, - 

in the month of July 1694. there was a gathering of the Indi- 
ans at the said new Fort [Amsaquonte] and preparations to go forth 
to war, and that two or three days before they intended to set out, they 
kild and boyld several dogs, and held a Feast, where was present 

1 Documents relating to the Colonial History of the State of New York, 
IX. 613, 614. 


Egeremet, Bomaseen, Warumbee, & Ahasombamet with divers others, 
of the chief among them, they discoursed of falling upon Oyster 
River and Groton ; and Bomaseen was to command one of the Com- 
pany, & the day before they intended to set forth, myself with ffour 
Indians more were despatched away to Canada with a Letter from the 
Fryar and were upon our Voyage thither and back again about ffourt" 
days and brought down about two barrels of powder, shot proportion- 
able & some fire armes. About the time of our return, the Indians 
came in after the Mischief done at Oyster River & Groton, and in 
particular, I saw Bomaseen in his Canoo, which was well laden, there 
was two English Captives, some scalps, and a large pack of Plunder 
brought in that Canoo, and Bomaseen two or three days after his 
return home went away to Canada. 

[Massachusetts Archives, VIII. 39.] 

Ann Jenkins, in a deposition given June 11, 1695, testifies 
that she was taken on July 18, 1694, at Oyster River, and 
that she, 

with nine Captives more were Carried up to penecook & were Left 
with Three Indians & that party went to Groaten Bomazeen being their 
Commander. In nine dayes they returned & brought twelue Captives 
& from thence with their Cannoes sometimes a float & sometimes Car- 
ried untill that we Came to Norridgeawocke which tooke us fifteen 
dayes & staied about two months there then dispersed into the woods 
twoe or thre families in a place & kept Removeing toe and froe staie- 
ing about a week in a place untill they brought vss down to pemaquid 
& delivered vss to Cap' March. 

[Massachusetts Archives, VIII. 40.] 

The story of William and Deliverance Longley's family is a 
sad one to relate. They were living, with their eight children, 
on a small farm, perhaps a mile and a quarter from the village, 
on the east side of the Hollis road. Their house was built of 
hewn logs, and was standing at the beginning of the present 
century. The old cellar, with its well-laid walls, was dis- 
tinctly visible forty years ago, and traces of it could be 


seen even to very modern times. The site of this house has 
recently been marked by a monument bearing the following 
inscription : 




O.\ THE 27TH OF JuLV 1694 




It was erected in the autumn of 1879, at the expense of 
the town, on land generously given for the purpose by Mr. 
Zechariah Fitch, the present owner of the farm. 

On the fatal morning of July 27, 1694, the massacre of this 
family took place. The savages appeared suddenly, coming 
from the other side of the Merrimack River, and began 
the attack at Lieutenant William Lakin's house, where they 
were repulsed with the loss of one of their number. They 
followed it up by assaulting other houses in the same neigh- 
borhood. They made quick work of it, and left the town 
as speedily as they came. With the exception of John 
Shepley's house, it is not known that they destroyed any of 
the buildings ; but they pillaged them before they departed. 
They carried off thirteen prisoners, mostly children, and 
perhaps all, who must have retarded their march. There 
is a tradition that, early in the morning of the attack, the 
Indians turned Longley's cattle out of the barnyard into 


the cornfield, and then lay in ambush. The stratagem had 
the desired effect. Longley rushed out of the house, 
unarmed, in order to drive the cattle back, when he 
was murdered, and all his family either killed or cap- 
tured. The bodies of the slain were buried in one grave, 
a few rods northwest of the house. A small apple-tree 
growing over the spot, and a stone lying even with the 
ground, for many years furnished the only clew to the final 
resting-place of this unfortunate family, but these have now 

William Longley was town-clerk in the year 1687, and also 
from 1692 till his death in 1694; and only one week before he 
was killed, he had made entries in the town records. His 
father, William Longley, Sen., also had been town-clerk, dur- 
ing the years 1666 and 1667, and died November 29, 1680. 
The father was one of the earliest settlers of the town, as well 
as the owner of a thirty-acre right in the original Groton plan- 
tation. Lydia, John, and Betty were the names of the three 
children carried off by the savages, and taken to Canada. 
Lydia was sold to the French, and placed in the Congregation 
of Ndtre Dame, a convent in Montreal, where she embraced 
the Roman Catholic faith, and died July 20, 1758, at the ad- 
vanced age of eighty-four years. Betty perished soon after her 
capture, from hunger and exposure ; and John, the third child, 
remained with the savages for more than four years, when he 
was ransomed and brought away, much against his own will. 
At one time during his captivity he was on the verge of 
starving, when an Indian kindly gave him a dog's foot to 
gnaw, which for the time appeased his hunger. He was 
known among his captors as John Angary. After he came 
home, his sister Lydia wrote from Canada, urging him to 
abjure the Protestant religion ; but he remained true to the 
faith of his early instruction. 

Their grandmother, the widow of Benjamin Crispe, made 
her will April 13, 1698, which was admitted to probate 
in Middlesex County, on the 28th of the following Dcccm- 


bcr; and in it she remembered these absent children as 
follows : 

I give and bequeath Vnto my three Grand-Children y l are in Cap- 
tivity if they returne Vizdt three books one of y 1 " a bible another a 
Sermon booke treating of faith and the other a psalme book. 

The old lady herself, doubtless, had read the " Sermon 
booke treating of faith ; " and it must have strengthened her 
belief in Divine wisdom, and been a great consolation in her 
trials. She did not know at this time that her granddaughter 
was a convert to the Roman Catholic faith. The knowledge 
of this fact would have been to her an affliction scarcely less 
than the massacre of her daughter's family. 

John Longley returned about the time that his grandmother 
died ; and subsequently he filled many important offices in 
the church and town. Like his father and grandfather, he was 
the town-clerk during several years. The following paper 
signed by him is now in the possession of the New England 
Historic Genealogical Society: - 

John Longley of Groton of about fifty four Years of age Testifyes 
& Saith That he was Taken Captive by the Indians at Groton in July 
1694. and Lived in Captivity with them More than four Years ; And 
the Two Last years and an half at Penobscot as Servant to Madoca- 
wando of s d Penobscot And he was always Accounted as Chief or One 
of y e Chief Sachems or Captains among the Indians there and I have 
Often Seen the Indians Sitting in Council When he always Sat as 
Chief: And Once in perticuler I Observed a present was made him of 
a Considerable Number of Skins of Considerable Vallue As an Ac- 
knowledgement of his Superiority. 


Midd x ss. Groton July 24* 1736. 

Deacon John Longley above named personally appearing Made 
Oath to y? Truth of the above written Testimony. 

Before me Benj 1 Prescott Jus' of peace. 
(Knox Manuscripts, Waldo Papers, L. 13.] 


In the month of July, 1877, I was in Montreal, where I pro- 
cured, through the kindness of the Mother Superior at the 
Congregation of Notre Dame, a copy of the French record 
of Lydia's baptism, of which the following is a translation : - 

On Tuesday, April 24, 1696, the ceremony of baptism was per- 
formed on an English girl, named Lydia Longley, who was born April 
14, 1674, at Groton, a few miles from Boston in New England. She 
was the daughter of William Longley and Deliverance Crisp, both 
Protestants. She was captured in the month of July, 1680 [1694?] by 
the Abenaqui Indians, and has lived for the past month in the house 
of the Sisters of the Congregation of Notre Dame. The godfather 
was M. Jacques Leber, merchant ; the godmother was Madame Marie 
Madeleine Dupont, wife of M. de Maricourt, Ecuyer, Captain of a 
company of Marines : she named this English girl Lydia Madeleine. 



M. CAILLE, acting curate. 

[The date of capture in this record is written out in full, and the omission of 
one word would cause the mistake; i.e., "mil six cent quatre-vingt," omitting 

After this attack of July 27 the town was left in strait- 
ened circumstances, and the inhabitants found it difficult to 
meet the demands made on them. In this emergency they 
petitioned the General Court for relief, which was duly 
granted, as appears by the following document : - 

GROTON Octob r i5 th 1694 
To the Honored General! Court : 

The humble petition and earnest request of the Inhabitants of 
Groton humbly sheweth ; That whereas w^e the present survivers 
of this Towne do understand that ourselves either without invoice, or 
according to some former or according to your honours pleasures arc 
willed & domed for a rate or Levy, a considerable some of moneys 
amounting to 50"'" ; we therefore being feelingly apprehensive of our 
utter incapacity, in present circumstances without apparent wrong to 


us ; to pay said sum humbly make bold under God to addresse this 
honored great generall Court, with both our humble petition and a 
discovery of our condition : our petion is that we may If it be your 
honourable pleasure to remitt us our assessment and not putt us upo 
further inevitable streights & Miseryes. This we humbly petion, and 
that we may not be thought unjustly to withdraw y e shoulder from 
puting our strength & help to support and cary on the government of 
their, our Majestyes, in this part of their dominion, and be unwilling 
to bear our part with the rest of their Majestyes subjects on this 
New England shoar as we have constantly & proportionally heitherto 
done and as arguments and Reason to prevail in this case, we make 
bold to spread our conditio before your honored selues : not to run 
back very farr 

1 It pleased God the disposer of all men & humane affairs to place 
us upon y e outward borders of y e inhabited land on this side y coun- 
try, which by some is alledged as an argument against us, yett lett 
Reason butt speak & the union and communion not onely of naturall, 
but Christian societyes haue its argument and it will tell us of bearing 
one another's burdens, and of that smpathetick property that is a 
naturall body & rationally ought to be both in cyvill & politick also : 
and therefore whatever our alledged priveledges are, or haue bin. we 
ought not to be Grudged them, for indeed our out edge & distant 
Living hath bin in these times of late awfull dealing our hurt & 
damage both as to psons & estates beyound parrelell with any in- 
ward Townes, as plaine & undeniable Reason & argument is ready to 
be given. 

2 The providence of y" wise God, did order it That very grievous 
troublesome and mortall sicknesse, was amoungt us the last year by wh 
we were not onely leasoned considerebly in our numbers, but demin- 
ished in our estates It being so generall That one could not help y 
other by w : h great charge of Doct r s came upo us, losse of y' ; season- 
able Labour of our inhabitants, to the indamaging the estates of y e 
most, unrecovered by many to this day. 

3 we might add our constant (in these late times) standing upon 
our guard, and considerable charge, of building & repairing forts, for 
our owne and the countryes safty. & securing their majestyes subjects, 
both here, and in the inmost places. 

4 This years soar and awfull troubles by y e late deaths captivityes 


and consequent meseryes, whereby we lost severall able valuble psons, 
whose estates are either, much lessened, or removed by others, out 
our reach : beside by inevitable losse of corne, It is Judged by many 
of our Towne that a third part at lest of our Indian corne, is wholy 
lost ; and now of late psons haue bin hendred much in their corne, 
& hay harvest, beside the hand of God upon our husbandry, as to rye 
much blasted, not halfe a usuall crop and by early frost, Indian corne 
much hurt, & damnifyed, that severall familyes will be at a losse for 
corne, not having for halfe y e year through : Thus Leaving our petion 
& condition to your honours serious consideration hoping you may 
see, reason to indulge us in that matter praying to God who setts 
amoung y e god to direct, & preside, and bless^, your psons & consul- 
tations to conclude & determine what may be for y present & future 
weal & prosperity, of these plantation, we rest and remaine yours in 
all duty & service. 

James Parker Sen r : William Laken Sen r . Select men in the name 
of y e Select men by y e voat of y e Towne of Groton : 

[Massachusetts Archives, CXIII. 89.] 

Upon reading this Petition of the Inhabitants of Groton Setting 
forth their great distress and impoverish' by reason of the desolations 
made upon them by the Enemy Praying to be Eased and abated of 
their proportion to the last publick Tax or Assessm' amounting to the 
sum of Fifty pounds. 


That the said Town be abated one halfe of the afores'. 1 Sum of Fifty 
pounds, and that Mr Treasurer do Suspend the calling for the other 
halfe until the Fifteenth day of December next. The Assessor" forth- 
with to proportion the same upon their Inhabitant" and to commit the 
List thereof unto their Constables, so that they may be collecting 

Octob r 22' 1 1694 : Past in the affirmative by the house of Repre- 
sentatives and sent up to his Ex cy and Gouncil for Consent 


Vot'. 1 a concurrence in Council, die pdict. 

Is f ADDINGTON Secry. 


Vote for abatement to Groton. Oct" 1694. 

[Massachusetts Archives, CXIII. 97.] 


Lieutenant-Governor William Stoughton writes from Bos- 
ton, September 5, 1695, to Captain James Converse: 

I order That at your next passing over Merrimack with your Com- 
pany towards Dunstable <S:c That you advise with MajT Henchman and 
M r Jon: 1 Ting concerning the posting yo r men in the several Frontiers 
of Dunstable, Bilrica Chelmsford Groton, Lancaster and Marlboro for 
the better inforcem' of the Garrisons there & maintaining a good 
brisk Scout for the discovery of the Enemy to prevent their annoying 
of those Towns during the Harvest Season, . . . 

[Massachusetts Archives, LI. 44.] 

In accordance with this order, eight men were posted at 
Groton ; soon afterward there were nine, of whom seven were 
inhabitants of the town. 

Captain James Converse writes from Woburn : 

WOOBOURNE (7'. ir y e 7'. h (1696) 

May it pleas your Hon r ' 

The Subscriber receiving a letter from your Hon' of yV first Courant, 
and therein, a Comand to wait upon your Hon r y"' next day in ord r to 
receive some further Instructions, referring to a Journey to Groaton, 
to speak with some Volanteers &c : I was also ordered to take Cap 
Cowers & L! Crasby with me to Groaton, but I hearing their scouts 
had discovered sundrey track of the Enemy, I suposed those men 
might be in y': Woods with their scouts, and so it proued, for this 
reson I took with me Cap tn Thof Bancroft of Redding, and only one 
soldier with vs, we came to Groaton on fryday morning (the time y 1 
I was ordered to be there) where I mett with M r Daniel ffitch 
& his second, and y c rest of their Volanteers all but two or 3 
Indians, y 1 left them (by force) in y e morning, pretending to returne 
horn, . . . 

[Massachusetts Archives, LI. 68.] 

John Haywood, in his " Gazetteer of Massachusetts " (Bos- 
ton, 1849), under Groton, says that one man was killed here, 
May 20, 1697, and three wounded. (Page 162.) The same 


statement is made in George Wingate Chase's " History of 
Haverhill, Massachusetts " (page 201 ) ; though I find no other 
authority for it. Perhaps it is the same affair mentioned in 
the next sentence. 

Cotton Mather says that one man was killed at Groton, in 
the year 1697, and another, with two children, carried into 
captivity. (Magnalia, Book VII. page 91.) He does not give 
the date clearly, but inferentially it is June. The prisoner 
was Stephen Holden, who was captured, with his two oldest 
sons, John and Stephen, Jr. John was released in January, 
1699, at which time the father and the other boy were yet 
remaining in the hands of the savages. It was not long, how- 
ever, before they too were freed; for, in the following June, 
the House of Representatives voted three pounds and twelve 
shillings for the expenses that had been incurred in bringing 
them back. 

Holden's petition to the General Court to be reimbursed 
for buying his own freedom is as follows : 

To The Honored &* great Assembly now setting in Boston The hum- 
ble petition and Request of Stephen Holden of Groton 

Honored S rs It having pleased the Almighty God to order it that 
myselfe & my two biggest sons tho small were taken captiues by the 
Indian enemyes from our towne of Groton and being with the Esterne 
enemy & my 2 sons about one year & ten moneth when tho it was my 
portion to escape with my life thro Gods mercy beyound what I 
did expect or look for & I think fared better than some other Eng- 
lish yett great hardship and difficultyes I underwent, but being very 
desirous with one of my sons that was there to gitt home If it might 
be fore the English vessells came I was necessitated to give my 
promise to my Indian Pilates whom I satisfyed att Richmans Island 
by English that I borrowed of there thre pound &: twelue shillings If 
I might haue y e boldnesse I would humbly craue That It might be paycl 
out of Publiq stock I should take it thankfully att your hands Thus 
with my thankefulnesse to God that both myselfe & both my children 
he hath graisosly returned to our home againe commend your honours 



and concerments into y L> hands & wishing y c Presence & benidiction of 
y e soveraine God I take Leaue & subscribe myselfe your humble sen-ant 
& suppliant 


GROTOX May 27'"' 1699 

June 6 th 1699 once read. & Voted by the house of Representatives 
that the aboves'. 1 Peticoner Stephen Holden of Grotton be paied out 
of the publick Treary Three pounds & twelve shillings money 
Sent up for Concurrence, 

19. July, 99. Read and past in Councel 

Consented to 


[Massachusetts Archives, LXX. 400.] 

Among the names of the captives received on board the 
Province Gaily, January 17, 16989, at Casco Nay, were 
" John Moulding of Grotten " and " Tamasin Rouce of Grot- 
ten." It is recorded, a week later, that " Steven Moulding of 
Grotten" and "Steven Moulding Jim' of ditto" are "yet in 
the Indian hands." (Archives, LXX. 398, 399.) 

It is evident that the early settlers were still having a hard 
time during this period. All the records go to show that 
between the assaults of the savages and the short crops they 
found it difficult to obtain a livelihood. Again they were 
obliged to ask the General Court for an abatement of their 
taxes, which they did, in a petition, as follows : - 

To the Honored Luten". 1 Govern 1 the Honored Councill and Repre- 
sentitives In the Court Assembled : The humble petition of the towne 
of Groton by orderly warning mett upon octob r the (4"') 1697 then 
voating (after Serious discourse upon the present times & awfull cir- 
cumstances of them and our pticular immergencys) our dislike of the 
present help granted to us as we are greeved att y e management S: 
oversight of it : & voating that capt ne James Parker and Ensigne John 


Farnsworth should be our Agents to present and promote this petition 
of ours by such discourse as might be needfull in our behalfe att the 
Court. Honored Sirs : We being in some measure necessitated (by 
the constancy and Long continuance of the righteous hand of Almighty 
Clod upon us) to know more experimentally the troubles concomitant 
and consequent of bloody & cruell warr, Then by Sympathy it can be 
possibly knowne by others : And that by Reason our stages & dwell- 
ings happene to be upon y e very dint, brinck & in y e mouth of more 
unavoidable difficultyes, fears dangers & death by the cruell sword of 
the wildernesse, then many others are or can be, Therefore as we ap- 
prehend the case to stand with us, being diminished in our numbers, 
and greatly impoverished in our out wards, desirous as we hope in 
measure we have done to be constantly putting up our petitions to the 
Lord of hosts and god of armyes to afford us conduct & Assistance 
every way so we would not wanting to cry to &: humbly call upon our 
Moses & Aaron to give us advise & to extend their helping hand 
who if any are, we are in the wildernesse where y r is Scorpions and 
subtle Finny Serpents mortally wounding and killing of us as your 
Honor d Selves hear by Rumour upon Rumour, but we not onely hear 
butt feel see & woefully experience the same. Honored Sirs we desire 
with all gratitude and thankfullnesse to acknowledge your fatherly care 
of us hitherto, Butt yett we for our parts If still we must abide in the 
Front. We beg If it may seem good in your eyes that we may be 
Released from countrey charges to his Majesty or in plaine words coun- 
trey Rates & that we may be pleasured with some sutable proportion 
of souldiers not of ourselves which if we may be worthy once more to 
obtaine we haue agreed not to sell them away for men of ourselves as 
we wickedly did. The way of a changable scout we thought might 
do us a kindnesse, which if it had bin with good inspection & man- 
agement attended It might have done It hath appeared to us more 
wayes than one that gitting y" Money hath bin more aimed at thO 
carefull ordering, or doing the worke to earn it hath bin ; we beg that 
If for this autumnal & winter season you may soe meet to order y c 
chargable scout that it may be no lesse the 1 2 : & that it it may be putt 
into a carefuller & honester hand than it hath bin both for the place & 
benifit of this poor Towne we are able if called thereto to Alledge 
sufficient Argum 1 " that if we have the same or other souldiers It is a 
thing requisite that some other .pson might Inspect them 


Thus craving pdone for our boldnesse wishing y Lord to be your 
president in all publike matters that may be before you \ve humbly 
subscribe ourselves yours in all obedience <S: loyalty 


THOMAS TARBELL v ^ e ' ect 
v men 



Oct 15"' 1697. Read Constable of Groton 


Oct. 97 

Voted in y house of Representatives 

In answer to sd petition. That they are Eased in this Last tax as they 
desired : & as to y e Scout y 1 they Judg it needfull y' Six of their owne 
Souldiers be Imployed dayly : & y f y j Comand r in cheif put in a sutable 
pson to Inspect y e same 

Sent up for Concurrence : 

[Massachusetts Archives, LXX. 360, 361.] 

It is said, on the authority of Judge Se\vall's Diary, that 
there were three persons badly wounded in the assault of 
July 27, 1694. One of them, undoubtedly, was Enoch Law- 
renc, whose given name is sometimes written Enosh. His 
petition to the Governor for help is as follows : 

7b his Excellency Joseph Dudley Es<f. Cap'. Gen 11 - and Govcrno r in 
Chief in and over her Majesties Province of the Massachusetts 
Bay in New England. 

To the Honorable Council and Representatives of y c said province 
In Court assembled. 

The humble Petition of Enoch Lawrence Humbly Sheweth that 
your petitioner is a very poor man and by reason of wounds in his 
hand, received in a fight with the Indians in the former indian War is 
allmost wholly disabled from following his dayly Labour upon which 
he depends for a Livelyhood both for himself and his family. 

Yo" Petition" therefore prays That he may have Freedoine from 
Taxes, and something allowed him for a maintainance granted by yo r 


Excellency and this honour 1 '.' Court and yo r Petition' shall ever 
pray &c 

In Council. 
1 6 Octo. 1702. Read and sent down. 

Octobr : i 7"' i 702. 
Read in the house of Representatives. 
In answer to y prayer of Enoch Lawrence, y e petitioner 
Resolved that the said Petition 1 " be freed from publick Taxes cS: be 
allowed and paid out of the Publick Treasury of the Province as a 
Pension during his life : three pounds p r annu. 
Sent up for Concurrence 

Oct 19!' 1702. In Council. 

Read and Voted a Concurrance 

Is? ADDINGTOX, Secry. 
[Massachusetts Archives, LXX. 583.] 




QUEEN ANNE'S WAR, as it is commonly called in America, 
broke out in the year 1702, when England declared war 
against France and Spain ; and the American colonies were 
drawn into the contest. The Indians in New England were 
in sympathy with the French; and they kept the frontier 
settlements continually on the alert. Strict vigilance, on the 
part of the colonists, was the price of their safety. Military 
companies were still held under discipline and drill, and from 
time to time were reviewed by the proper officers. In the 
year 1702, Chief Justice Samuel Sewall accompanied Gov- 
ernor Joseph Dudley through Middlesex County on a tour 
of inspection ; and in his Diary, under date of October 28, he 
writes : 

Went to Groton, saw Capt. Prescot and his company in Arms. 
(Gov r had sent to them from Dunstable that would visit them). 
Lancaster is about 12 Miles Southward from Groton. Concord is 16 
Miles | and Ten- Rod from Groton. 

[Massachusetts Historical Collections, VI. fifth series, 67.] 

The captain of this company was Jonas Prescott, an active 
man in the affairs of the town. He was a blacksmith 


by trade, and the ancestor of a long line of distinguished 
families. He was the grandfather of Colonel William Pres- 
cott, the commander of the American forces at the Battle of 
Bunker Hill; who was himself the father of William Fres- 
cott, the lawyer and jurist, and the grandfather of William 
Hickling Prescott, the historian. 

After these alarms there was a short respite, which con- 
tinued till 1704; when the frontier towns were again exposed 
to savage warfare, and this town suffered with the others. 

Samuel Penhallow, in "The History of the Wars of New- 
England" (Boston, 1726), thus refers to the attack on this 
place in August, 1704 : The Indians - 

afterwards fell on Lancaster, and Groaton, where they did some 
Spoil, but not what they expected, for that these Towns were season- 
ably strengthened. . . . 

And yet a little while after they fell on Groaton, and Nashaway 
[Lancaster], where they kill'd Lieut. Wyler [Wilder], and several 
more. (Pages 24, 25.) 

In the library of the Massachusetts Historical Society is a 
manuscript diary of John Marshall, of Braintree, which has 
the following entry : 

The begining of this month of august [1704] the Indians did 
mischeif at Lancaster Killed 3 or 4 persons burnt their meeting 
house : and did some harm allso at Groton. the same week. Killed 
one or more : about 200 men went out after them who weer gone 20 
days under major Taylor, but Returned Without doing any spoill on 
them : 

The attack on Lancaster was on July 31, and that on 
Groton probably within a day or two of the same time. 

There were two regiments in Middlesex County at this 
period ; one made up of men living in towns near Boston, 
called the Lower Regiment, and the other of men living in 
the more distant sections of the county, known as the Upper 
Regiment. The following letter, from Major James Converse, 


is printed in the Reverend Samuel Sewall's " History of 
Woburn" (pages 543, 544), and refers to " y e towns in y c 
Lower Regain'," meaning the towns from which the Lower 
Regiment was raised. There were some prowling Indians in 
the neighborhood at this time, and the outlying settlements 
were alarmed : - 


For His Exc y . Joseph Dudly, Esq r . Capt". Gen" Gon r In Chief e, &c. 


\VOOH N August i4 th , 1704. 
May it pleas Your Exc y . 

I Received Your Excel" Order of y e lo'] 1 Courrant, I Rec'.' it y: 
same day about 4 in y. afternoone, for the detaching 45 Soldiers 
&c : and to post y'! 1 in 3 squadrons under y e Comand of a Sarg' to 
Each, viz. Groaton, Lanchester & Malburow. I forthwith sent out 
my Warrants to all y'r touns in y e Lower Regam 1 ; the Soldiers were 
all Impress' 1 y! night and y e nth day and began to March, the 12 
day I went and posted them according to Order, Giueing the sarg 1 ? 
written Orders to obserue till further Orders, directing them to take 
advice of the Capt s of the Respectiue touns : 

At Malburow, John Benjamin sarg! 15 men ^ 

Lanchester, Benjamin Wilson sarg' 14 men >- 45. 

Groaton, Joseph Child, sarg' 16 men 3 

here is y e whole Number Your Excelencey sent for, posted according 
to order. I think there are too many garrasons in every towne. If 
these men be Reposted, one at a garrason, and two at another, I shall 
account my labour lost, and y. men next to thrown away, Saving 
alwayes, what is in Obedience to Your Exc" Comand there is nothing 
lost or thrown away. 

Exc 1 S r I pray for a gracious pardon, and am 

Your Very Humble Ready and Obedient Serv 1 


A party of Indians, numbering about thirty, made their 
appearance in town, and killed a man on the night of October 
25, 1704. Pursuit was at once made for them, but it was tin- 


successful. "The Boston News-Letter," October 30, 1704, 
gives the following account of the affair : 

On Wednesday night [October 25] an English man was kill'd in 
the Woods at Groton by the Indians which were afterwards descryed 
in the night by the Light of their Fires, by a Person Travailing from 
Groton to Lancaster, and judged they might be about Thirty in num- 
ber ; pursuit was made after them, but none could be found. 

From Marshall's Diary we learn the name of the man who 
was slain. It is there recorded : 

on the 25 day [October, 1704,] mr Breck was ordained at marl- 
borrough. the next day a man was killed and scalped by the indians 
he belonged to the town of Groton his name was davis : a very use- 
full man and much Lamented : 

It has been a tradition thaj^aaaxnet Davis was killed by the 
Indians, but the date of his death was unknown ; this entry, 
however, seems to fix it. It is said to have happened in 
the early part of the evening, while he was taking in some 
clothes which had been washed and hung out to dry. He 
lived near the present " Community," where W. Dickson 
resided when the map in Mr. Butler's History was made; and 
Davis's Fordway in the river near by, named after him, is still 
remembered by the older people of that neighborhood 

It is not surprising that the inhabitants, upon the renewal 
of hostilities, were obliged to ask for help from the General 
Court. They had already suffered much in life and property, 
and were little able to bear new burdens. They represented 
to the Governor that they had been greatly impoverished by 
their loss of horses and cattle, of corn and hay, and that 
they were scarcely able to hold out much longer; but the 
crowning calamity of all was the illness of the minister, Mr. 
Hobart, which prevented him from preaching. Their means 
were so limited that they could not support him and supply 
his place besides. They were obliged to earn their living at 
the peril of their lives ; and some were thinking of leaving 


the town. They spent so much time in watching and guard- 
ing, that they seemed to be soldiers rather than farmers. 
Under these discouraging circumstances they asked for help, 
and were allowed out of the public treasury twenty pounds 
to assist them in procuring another minister, besides ten 
pounds to be divided among those who were the greatest 
sufferers in the late attack upon them. 

Their petition to the General Court is in the handwriting of 
Jonas Prescott, and gives a pathetic account of their situation. 
It is as follows : 

To his exalancy Joseph Dutly esquir captain genarall comander in in 
and oucr hur maiesties pronines of the masiacheusits bay in new 
Ingland and to the honorable counsil and raprasantitifes in genarall 
court asambled at boston this Instant Desember 1704 : 

The humble patition of the Inhabitants of the town of groton in 
the county of midlsax in the prouians aforesd humbley sheweth 

1 That wharas by the all dessposing hand of god who orders all 
things in infinit wisdom it is our portion to Hue In such a part of the 
land which by reson of the enemy Is becom uary dangras as by wofull 
exsperiants we haue fait both formarly and of late to our grat damidg 
& discoridgmant and spashaly this last yere hauing lost so many par- 
sons som killed som captauated and som ramoued and allso much corn 
& cattell and horses & hay wharby wee ar gratly Impouerrished and 
brought uary low & in a uary pore capasity to subsist any longer As 
the barers herof can inform your honors 

2 And more then all this our paster mr hobard is & hath been for 
aboue a yere uncapable of desspansing the ordinances of God amongst 
vs & we haue aduised with the Raurant Elders of our nayboring 
churches and thay aduise to hyare another minister and to saport mr 
hobard and to make our adras to your honours we haue but litel laft 
to pay our deus with being so pore and few In numbr athar to town or 
cuntrey & we being a frantere town & lyable to dangor there being no 
safty in going out nor coming in but for a long time we haue got our 
brad with the parel of our Hues & allso broght uery low by so grat a 
charg of bikling garisons & fortefycations by ordur of athorety & 
thar is saural of our Inhabitants ramoued out of town & others ar 


prouiding to remoue. axcapt somthing be don for our Incoridgment 
for we are so few & so por that we canot pay two ministors nathar 
ar we wiling to Hue without any we spand so much time in wach- 
mg and warding that we can doe but litel els & truly we haue liued 
allmost 2 yers more like soulders then other wise & accapt your 
honars can find out som bater way for our safty and support we 
cannot uphold as a town ather by remitting our tax or tow alow pay 
for building the sauarall forts alowed and ordred by athority or alls 
to alow the one half of our own Inhabitants to be under pay or to 
grant liberty for our remufe Into our naiburing towns to tak cor for 
oursalfs all which if your honors shall se meet to grant you will 
hereby gratly incoridg your humble pateceners to conflect with the 
many trubls we are ensadent unto 

whar fore your humble pationars humbly prays your axcalancy & this 
honared court to tak this mater into your scares consedration and 
grant releef acordingly and your pationars shall as in duty bound 
foreur pray 

by ordur of the town of groton 


Jan7 2? 1704 Read. SAMUEL PARKER 

Jan r f 3 : 1704 In the House of Representatives. 

In Answer to the Petition on the other side 

Resolved That there be allowed, and Paid out of the Publick Treas- 
ury, the sum of Twenty Pounds, to the Town of Grotton to Encourage 
& Assist them in Procuring another Minister, to help them under the 
present Disability of their Pastour M r . Hubbard, & Ten Pounds more 
be allowed & Paid out of the publick Treasury, to Jonathan Tyng 
Esq. & Mr Nathan! Hill, to be by them proportionably distributed 
to such of the s d Town, as in their Judgment have been greatest suf- 
ferers, in the late outrages made upon them by the Enemy 

Sent up for concurrence. 

In Council. Read and concurr'd. 

4 th January. 1 704. 

[Massachusetts Archives, LXXI. 107, 108.] 



Two years later, another assault was made on the town, 
though with little damage. I again quote from Penhallow's 
History of the Wars of New-England : 

[July 21, 1706.] Several Strokes were afterwards made on Chelms- 
ford, Sudbury and Groton, where three Soldiers as they were going to 
publick Worship, were way-laid by a small Party, who kill'd two, and 
made the other a Prisoner. (Page 36.) 

A few additional particulars of these " Strokes " are found 
in the Reverend John Pike's Journal, printed in the Proceed- 
ings of the Massachusetts Historical Society for September, 

July 21, 1706. Sab : 2 souldiers slain, <$: one carried away by the 
enemy at Groton. They were all new-Cambridge [Newton] men, cV 
were returned to their Post from one Bloods house, who had invited 
y m to Dinner. (XIV. 143.) 

Marshall, in his Diary, briefly alludes to this affair thus : 
on the 21 [July] they Killed 2 and took one captive at groton. 

The Reverend Jonathan Homer, in his History of New- 
ton, as published in the Massachusetts Historical Collections, 
V. 2/3, gives the names of these men as John Myrick, Na- 
thaniel Heal}', and Ebenezer Seger, and says they were all 
three killed by the Indians. This statement, however, is in- 
accurate, as John Myrick was not one of the three soldiers, 
and furthermore was alive after this date. It is sufficiently 
clear from the following contemporaneous petitions that two 
of these men were brothers by the name of Seager, and the 
third one was Nathaniel Healy. It was one of the Seager 
brothers who was taken prisoner. 

To his Excellency Joseph Dudley Esq r Captain Gcnerall and Gorcr- 
nour in Chief in and Orcr her Majesties Province of the Massa- 
chusetts bay &> the Hon b!f f. Council &> Representatives in General I 
Court Assembled 

The Humble Petition of Nathaniel Healy of Newtown in said 



May it please your Excellf Your Humble Petitioner having at his 
own proper Cost Armed his Son Nathaniel Healy into her Majesties 
Service under the Command of Capt" Josiah Parker At Groton on the 
21 day of July 1706. Yo' Petitioners said Son was slain and his Gun 
Carried away by the Enemy who Waylaid him and Others as they were 
going to Meeting On the Sabbath day 

Your Petitioner humbly Prays that he may be Supplied with Another 
Gun at the Province Charge for Another of his Sons, Or be otherwise 
allowed as Your Excellency shall think meet 

And Your Petitioner as in duty bound shall ever pray &c 


In the House of Representatives. 

June 5'!' 1707. Read. 

Resolved That the Sum of Twenty Shillings be Allowed & Paid 
out of the publick Treasury to Nath 1 ' Healy the Petitioner in full for 
the Gun above mentioned 

Sent up for Concurrence. 



5 June. 1707. In Council. 

Read and Concurr'd 

[Massachusetts Archives, LXXI. 345.] 

To His Excellency the Governour And the Honorable Councill & to 
the Representatives the humble Petition of Henry Seager of New- 


That y r Petitioner had, The Summer before Last, Two Sons prest 
out in to y e Countreys Service at Groton, And were whilst in the Ser- 
vice by the Providence of God, one of them Kill'd by the Enimy y e 
other Taken Captive ; So y! they both of them Lost their Arms w dl I 
think were Justly valuable at five pounds, and four Powder horns, half 
a Pound of Powder, twenty bullets & a Snapsack, 


Y r Petitioner therefore humbly prays that he may be Considered 
herein, out of the Countrey Treasure as shall be y r Good Pleasure 
And y r Petitioner shall ever Pray &c a 


[his mark] 
4 Nov m 1707 

In Council. 
Read and Recommended to the House. 


In the House of Representatives 
Nov : 14: 1707. Read. 

In Answer to the Petition on the other side 

Resolved That the sum of forty shillings be Allowed & Paid, out of 
the publick Treary to Henry Seager the Petitioner. 
Sent up for Concurrence. 

15 Nov. 1 707. 

In Council 
Read and Concurr'd 

[Massachusetts Archives, LXXI. 419.] 

Penhallow, in his History, gives several instances of ex- 
treme cruelty to the prisoners on the part of the savages, and 
mentions the following case of a man who was captured in 
this town : 

A third was of Samuel Butterfield, who being sent to Groton as a 
Soldier, was with others attackt, as they were gathering in the Harvest ; 
his bravery was such, that he kill'd one and wounded another, but 
being overpower'd by strength, \vas forc'd to submit ; and it hapned 
that the slain Indian was a Sagamore, and of great dexterity in War, 
which caused matter of Lamentation, and enrag'd them to such degree 
that they vow'd the utmost revenge ; Some were for whipping him to 
Death ; others for burning him alive ; but differing in their Sentiments, 
they submitted the Issue to the Squaw Widow, concluding she would 
determine something very dreadful, but when the matter was opened, 
and the Fact considered, her Spirits were so moderate as to make no 
other reply, than, " Fortune L'guarc. Upon which some were uneasy ; 


to whom she answered, If by killing him, you can bring my Husband 
to life again, I beg you to study what Death you please ; but if not let 
him be my Servant ; which he accordingly was, during his Captivity, 
and had favour shewn him." (Pages 38, 39.) 

The account of Butterfield's case was in substance originally 
printed in a pamphlet entitled "A MEMORIAL of the 
Present Deplorable STATE of New England" (1707),- 
now of great rarity, which appeared twenty years before 
Judge Penhallow's History was published. This pamphlet 
has since been reprinted in the introduction to the sixth 
volume, fifth series, of the " Collections of the Massachusetts 
Historical Society." The account is as follows: 

A Man had Valiantly Killed an Indian or two before the Salvages 
took him. He was next Morning to undergo an horrible Death, 
whereof the Manner and the Torture was to be assigned by the 
Widow Squa of the Dead Indian. The French Priests told him, they 
had indeavoured to divert the Tygres from ther bloody Intention, but 
could not'prevail with them ; he must prepare for the terrible Execu- 
tion. His cries to God were hard, and heard ; when the Sentence of 
the Squa, was demanded, quite contrary to every ones Expectation, 
and the Revengeful Inclination so usual and well-known among these 
Creatures, she only said, His Death won't fetch my Husband to Life; 
Do not/iing to him ! So nothing was done to him. (Page 58.*) 

Butterfield remained a captive for more than a year. It is 
not known how he obtained his release. His petition to the 
General Court sets forth the fact that he was an inhabitant of 
Chelmsford, and was sent by Captain Jerathmel Bowers to 
Groton, in order to help Colonel Taylor, in August, 1704, 
when the enemy came upon the place. It is as follows : - 

To his Excellency Joseph Dudley Esq r Cap'. General and Cover no r in 
Chief and To the Hono bl f the Coitncil and House of Representatives 
now in General Assembly convened at Boston within 6* for her 
Majesties Province of the Massachus*. Bay April 10"' 1706. 

The Humble Petition of Samuel Butterfield Sheweth 
* That yo' Petitioner is an Inhabitant of the Town of Chelmsford, 


and in the month of August 1704, when the Enemy came upon 
Nashoway & Groton & : yo r Petitioner (with others) was sent out by 
the Cap' Jerathmel Bowers to Groton to assist Col : Taylor, when yo r . 
Petitioner being ordered out with some others to Guard a Man who 
was going to work in the field, the Enemy came upon them, killd one 
man and took yo!" Petitioner and one other Prisoners, tho yo[ Petitioner 
made all the resistance possible, killed one, and knockt down two 
more after they had seized him, for which yo r Petitioner was cruelly 
used by them afterwards & threatened to be burnt, several times. 
May it please this Great and Generall Assembly. yo r Petitioner was 
very well accoutred in all respects when he was taken, and then was 
stript of all and was between fourteen and fifteen months a Captive 
exposd to great hardships, and has sustained great Loss and damage. 

Yo r Petitioner therefore humbly prays the favor of this great and 
General Assembly to take the premises into yo r serious Consideration 
and Grant him such Recompense for his Losses and sufferings, as 
afores'. 1 as to yo T . wisdom and Goodness shall seem meet. 

and yo r Petitioner (as in duty bound) shall ever pray &c. 


Apr! 1 10 : 1706, Read. 

In the House of Representative 

Resolved That the Sum of Five Pounds be allowed, & Paid out of 
the Publick Treasury to Sam! 1 Butterfield the Petitioner in Considera- 
tion of his Losse, & service. 
Sent up for concurrence. 

April. 1 1. 1 706. 

In Council. 

Read & concurr'd. 

[Massachusetts Archives, LXXI. 195, 196.] 

Butterfield had previously received, October 27, 1/04, a 
bounty of four pounds for killing the Indian mentioned in 
this petition ; but the present award was for his services and 
personal loss. 


The following petition to the Governor was presented in the 
year 1706, probably in the summer, as at that time the town 
was engaged in settling the Reverend Mr. Bradstreet as the 

To his Excellency Joseph Dudley Esq Cap'. General and Govern" in 
Cheif in and over her Majestyes Province of the Massachusetts 
Bay &*c. and to the Ho bte the Council and Representatives of s'' 

Wee the inhabitants of the Towne of Groton cannot but with all 
thankfulness acknowledge the great Care that his Excy and Govern! 
hath taken for our Preservation and defense in these times of danger. 
Notwithstanding all which, wee have bin by our Enemy extreamly 
impoverished not being capable of making those improvements which 
are necessary for our subsistance, but our Outlands upon which wee 
have a Considerable dependance lye neglected ; and many of us are 
reduced to the Last necessity ; our Stocks are like to Suffer much in 
the Winter ; and are in great fears that wee have mett w th Considerable 
losses in them already from the Enemy and wee are now at Extream 
Charge in the Settling of our Minister ; So that wee are greatly reduced 
and impoverished ; 

Wee would therefore humbly intreat that our Languishing Circum- 
stances may be taken into your Consideration ; and that our propor- 
tion of the Publique tax may this year be remitted to us ; and wee 
hope that not only our present afflicted State but our future duty- 
full deportment will be Such as may testifie for us, and afford 
yo r hon rs Satisfaction in so notable an instance of Charity, and 


| Select 

In behalf of the Towne of Groton 

( men. 

NS ) 

IMassachusetts Archives, CXIII. 391. ] 



The following account of a court-martial, held at Gro- 
ton, has some interest from the fact that it gives the names of 
a few of the men engaged in the public service at that time. 
The officers composing the court-martial were undoubtedly 
in command of companies in this neighborhood : - 

GROTON Febr 17, 1706-7 
i o clock in y e morning 
May it please your Excy. 

I rec'. 1 your Excy s Letter, and immediatly upon the return 
of our forces this evening CalPd a Court Marshal and made perticuler 
inquisitio into Waymans affair, the Coppy of which I send enclosed, 
and pray your Excellencye's perticuler direction thereupon : Tarbol 
who was the person who pretended the discovery altho. imprudent and 
so blamable yet would begg your Excellencyes favour for him as a very 
honest man willing to do service and infinitely concern'd for this ill 
accident, So that the uneasiness and trouble that has posses'd him is 
in it self so considerable a punishment that he seems to need no 
other Gladly should wee have found out the Ringleaders of the mutin- 
ous and disorderly returne but after much Examination cant effect it. 
Wee all wait your Excys ord rs and shall proceed accordingly and am 
Yor Exeys most obedt Servt 


Die Solis Ferbuary 16. 1706-7. 

At a Court Marshal held at Groton By orders of his Excellency 
[Joseph Dudley], -For the Tryal of Leiv! Seth Wayman, Serj! Thomas 
Tarbol and Comp' 1 &c. 


Col Ephraim Hunt Presid' 

Cap' Jonathan Prescott. Cap' Jonas Prescott 

Cap! Josiah Parker Cap' Steph. Williams 

Cap! Thomas Nichols Cap' Joseph Bulkeley 

Cap' Benjamin Willard. 

Col Eph. Hunt the Presid! opned the Court, By declaring them- 
selves by his Excellencys perticul r Ord r to be a Court Marshal for 
y e Tryal of Lieu' Seth Wayman, for a false report brought by s d Way- 


man of the discovery of the Indian Enemy near Monadnock on the 
6 th instant, and for their returne home, in a mutinous disorderly man- 
ner without Endeavours after a Sufficient discovery. 

Liev' Seth Wayman examin'd about the sending out of his scouts 
on the Sixth instant sayth that 

On the Sixth instant on our incamping on Sun about an hour high 
wee Sent out Two Scouts, of four men each ; One to march on the 
left Wing ; the other on the Right ; To march about a mile and a half 
right out upon discovery from the Noyse of our Hatchetts 

He further Saith that after they had bin upon the Scout about an 
hour, that he Saw both Scouts returning together, running towards our 
Camp as men affrightened, and called to me at a distance to put 
out our fires, for they had discover'd a Body of the Enemy. Then 
Corp! Tarbol coming up to me told me that he had discover'd the 
Enemy ; The first of their Camps that he discover'd, he sd the Noyse 
of their Hatchetts, were as bigg as our Company, and so reached halfe 
a mile. 

The other part of our Scout told me they had discover'd the Track 
of Doggs, which they Judg'd to be Twenty or Thirty. 

Corp! Tarbol conduct of the Scout March'd on the Right wing ; 
being Examined concerning his discovery saith 

That they took a Circuler March till they had stear'd out of the 
noyse of our owne Camp ; and then thinking wee had heard the Noyse 
of our owne Hatchetts, wee took another Circle to the left that wee 
might be sure wee were out of the noyse of Hatchetts ; After a 
short time travelling wee heard a noyse of Hatchetts, upon the left 
wing on the side of a Hill which was near us upon which wee march'd 
towards the Place upon discovery, and presently I discover'd a Smoak 
and immediatly march'd towards it till the smoke cover'd me ; 
(leaving the rest of the men behind) I then heard a great discourse 
of men which I took to be Indians and French, and so it held a 
Considerable way round the Hill, at least half a mile as I judged, 
upon which wee return'd another way till wee came to our owne 
tracks ; and then wee met with the other Scout, and upon our ac- 
count to them of what wee had discov'd, they told us they had met 
with a track of twenty or Thirty Doggs, which they Judg'd to be the 
Enemyes Doggs, upon which we return'd together to the Camp, to 
make report to our Cap' Comander and thereupon Liev! Wayman our 


CoiTiand r call'd his Officers together, hut before he had liberty to speak 
his men interrupted him ; he bid them move off, Scatter, and stand on 
their Guard, upon which three quarters of our men ran away home- 
wards, the Cap: Sent his Serjeants and went himself to stop them, but 
could not do it, and so wee were forced to march home. 

Samuel Shaddock and William Nutting of Serf Tarbol's scout con- 
firm e Tarbol's account, and perticulerly that article of the disorderly 
returning of our men or riming away from their Cap! upon the infor- 
mation rec' 1 of this discovery. 

The Examination of Samuel Scripture (Conduct of the Scout on the 
left wing who saith That on the sixth of february upon our incamping 
I was sent upon discovery about Sun an hour high at night to march on 
the left wing, and having march'd about a mile and a quarter, wee met 
with a Track which Jonathan Butterfield who was w th me thought to 
have bin a bitch wolfe and her Whelps, but I thought to be Indian 
Doggs, and followed their track about a quarter of a mile, and after a 
small Stop wee saw Tarbols scout who call'd us away and told us they 
believ'd there was a thousand Indians upon which wee hastened away 
but Tarbols scout ran so fast that I could not come up with them to 
und r stand what their discovery was till I came to the Cam]) ; where 
Tarbol related what he had seen, all our men Crowded to hear news ; 
Lieu 1 Wyman Ord r d his men to stand farther off and give room that 
he might discourse his officers, upon which many of them ran away, 
and the Cap' Sent Serf Parham to stop them ; Lieu' Wayman seing 
his men desert him, and Tarbols men representing y c Enemy as so 
very numerous thought it adviseable to draw off and accordingly wee 
made the best of our way home. 

The PLxam. of Jonathan Butterfield being of the scout on the Left 
wing Confirmes Sam 1 Scriptures information, and tells us Lieu! Wa\ - 
man talk'd of marching immediately to the Place of discovery but 
many of our men moved off disorderly which the Cap' sent the 
Serf." to Stopp, but could not do it and so were forced to return 

Serf Jn" Parham being examin'd upon the Article of Lieu' Waymans 
men's disorderly and mutinous running away sayth 

That Above half of them ran away upon Tarbol's Examination 
and that Leiv' Wayman sent him after them with Orders to turne 
about and fire in case of an attack in the rear. 


Leiv' Seth Wayman being examin'd of his proceedings upon his 
receiving advice of Tarbols Scout Sayth 

That upon recieving this account he incouraged his men by telling 
them that they had a brave advantage of the Enemy, in that they had 
discover'd them and were not themselves discover'd, and there was a 
great prospect of doing Spoil upon them, and determined that four 
squadrons of men which wee had stated, should fall upon four scouts 
of the Enemy My officers advised me not to go on, saying it 
would be presumption, and an apparent hazzard of mens lives to En- 
counter so great a Company, upon which Serj' Tarbol threw down 
his Cap, and offer'd himself to go if but four men would go with 
him, but officers advising to the Company and many of my men 
withdrawing and running away disorderly I found myself too weak to 
attaque them and accordingly made the best of my way home 


Court Martial at Groton. 1 6 FebT 1 706. 

[Massachusetts Archives, LI. 153-157.] 

At various times in its early history, the town was threat- 
ened by bands of roving Indians, who did whatever damage 
lay in their power to do. Such incursions kept the inhab- 
itants on the alert, and from time to time companies were 
organized for the purpose of scouring the neighborhood. It 
was in an emergency of this kind, probably, that Lieutenant 
Wayman's company was reconnoitring through the region 
around and about the Monadnock Mountain. 

On March 12, 1694-5, an Act was passed by the General 
Court, which prohibited the desertion of frontier towns by 
the inhabitants, unless permission was first granted by the 
Governor and Council. There were eleven such towns, and 
Groton was one of them. The law required the inhabitants 
of these out-towns, who owned land or houses, to take out a 
special license, on pain of forfeiting their property, before 
they could quit their homes and live elsewhere. It was 
thought that the interest of the Crown would be prejudiced. 


and encouragement given to the enemy, if any of these 
posts were deserted, or exposed by lessening their strength. 
Many towns were threatened by the Indians about this time, 
and a few were attacked. It is recorded that some of the 
settlers here left the town, and there was probably a move- 
ment among the inhabitants in other places to do the same. 
This fact, undoubtedly, occasioned the enactment, which was 
to remain in force " unto the end of the session of the gen- 
eral assembly to convene in May, one thousand six hundred 
ninety-six (if the present war so long last), and no longer, 
nor afterwards." 

A similar Act was again passed on March 22, 1699-1700, 
which embraced fourteen frontier towns, of which Groton was 
one, and seven other towns that " lye more open than many 
others to an attack of an enemy." This enactment had a 
limitation in point of time similar to the preceding one. 
Subsequently this Act was revived on June 8, 1702, with the 
limitation, though no towns arc specified by name ; again on 
June 28, 1706, it was re-enacted, to remain in force until June 
29, 1707; and still later, but not for the last time, it was 
passed on June 10, 1707. This continuous legislation to 
prevent the desertion of the frontiers shows clearly the un- 
settled condition of the out-lying towns during Queen Anne's 
War, and Groton was no exception. In the following letter, 
Captain Josiah Parker refers to the law, which was passed a 
month before the date of writing: 

On a lecter day. Groton July 9. 1707 

May it plese your Excelency I have Read your Excelencyes order 
to y e Inhabitants and the law against deserting the frontiers, I could do 
it no sooner for several of the inhabitants ware gon to plainfeild and 
Returned yesterday, only two stayd behind ; S r one of those that 
designe to Remove is the Barer & a selectman and lives on the outsid 
the Towne. I thought good to send him, who can acquaint your 
Excelencey who is Removed & who are meditating the same 

Cap' Bulkely & h his men are gon to Lancaster and the other halfe 


here, and do Expect a Relece thay being men of concidrable husban- 
drey ; y e most of them, all y people that will worke in Companeys have 
gards to Cover them to their Content, if your Excelencey Plese I 
should very glad of a Relie ; I am your 

Excelences most Humble 



To His 

Excelencey The 

Gounour att 

On Her Maj ts Service 

GROTON July 9. 1707. 
May it please yo r Excy. 

According to yo r Excyes Cofnands wee have Sent an account of 
those that are either actually remov'd, or meditating of it. Our Peo- 
ple are reduc'd to that degree that they find themselves unable to 
subsist any long!: Would pray your Excy either to grant Liberty for 
their Remove or that they may be reduc'd here intirely to a Garrison 
(of the Towne militia) for the pr e serving the frontiers ; wee thankfully 
acknowledge your Excyes great Care of us hitherto, and would pray 
the Continuance of your Regards, without which wee are an undon 
people Wee take leave to subscribe 

(may it please yo r Excy) 

Your Excys most obed' Serv ls 


Town clarck 



H ^ 

N } 



To His Excelencey 

The Gounour att 



GROTTO N July ye 9 day 1707 

Joseph Paraham 
Samuill Dauis 
Danill Cadein 
John Cadein 
John hoare 
Samuill farnsworth 
Joseph Boidon 
Josiah Whetney 
Corenallus Whitney 
Joseph lawranc 
Ebenezer Nutting 
of persons gon 

John Stem 

Jonathan Pag 

Nathanill Woods 

Danill lawranc 

John Shattuck 

Nathanill Parker 

Benimin Lakin 

Jonathan boidon 

John huchin 

Zachariah lawranc 

Edman Chambrlin 

John Hall 

Samuell Shattuck 

Zerrubbubl Kamp 

Zachariah Sartwall 

John Gilson 

Abraham lakin 

Josiah lakin 

Joseph lakin 

Willuam Lakin 

Willuam Shattuck 

John Farnsworth 

of the persons that are consedring of going 



; men 


Town clarck 

for Groton 
[Massachusetts Archives, CXIII. 418-420.] 

A man by the name of Brown was killed here, on June 1 1, 
1/07. The affair is thus referred to in Pike's Journal, printed 
in the Proceedings of the Massachusetts Historical Society, 
for September, 1875 : - 

Jun. ii, 1707. mr Dudley Bradstreets man was slain by the Indians 
at Groton nomine Brown. (XIV. 145.) 


During this period the savages were still skulking in the 
neighborhood, doing what injury they could. The following 
item, taken from "The Boston News-Lettcr," of August 25, 
1707, describes an event which alarmed the people of this 
town : 

On Monday last the i6th Currant, Thirteen Indians on the Fron- 
tiers, surprized two men at their Labour in the Meadows at Marl- 
borough, about 4 miles distant from the Body of the Town, took 
them both alive ; and as they parted out of the Town, took a Woman 
also in their marching off, whom they kill'd : How one of the Pris- 
oners broke away in a Scuffle, and brought home the Indians Gun 
and Hatchet, and acquainted the Garison and Inhabitants, who 
speedily followed them, and were joyned by 20 from Lancaster, 
being in all 40 odd came up with the Enemy, who were also en- 
creased to 36, and on Tuesday at ten of the Clock found them, and 
in two hours exchanged ten Shot a man, in which Skirmish we lost 
two men, and had too slightly wounded ; and no doubt we kill'd sev- 
eral of the Enemy, whose Tracts of being dragg'd away we saw, but 
recover'd but one of them, tho' tis probably conjectur'd that we kill'd 
10 or 12 at least ; we took 24 of their Packs, and drove them off their 
ground, and are yet pursued by two Parties of the Forces from Lan- 
caster and Groton, at our Forces overtaking and attacking the Enemy, 
they barbarously murdered the Captive. 

The people must have lived in constant dread of the In- 
dians during most of Queen Anne's War. Sometimes an 
outlying farmhouse was attacked and burned, some of the 
inmates killed and others carried away in captivity ; some- 
times the farmer was shot down while at labor in the field, or 
while going or coming. This was the fate of John Shatttick, 
and his son John, a young man about nineteen years of age, 
who were killed May 8, 1709. 

They were returning from the west side of the Nashua River, 
where Mr. Shattuck owned land, and were attacked just as 
they were crossing the Stony Fordway, near the present site 
of Hollingsworth's paper-mills, where they were killed. At 
the time of his death Mr. Shattuck was one of the selectmen 
of the town. During the autumn of 1882 Messrs. Tileston 


and Hollingsworth, of Boston, the owners of the mills, caused 
a suitable stone' to be placed by the wayside, bearing the 
following inscription : 






MAY 8, iyog, 




A remarkable fatality seems to have followed Mrs. Shat- 
tuck's kindred. Her husband and eldest son were killed by 
the Indians, as has just been mentioned. Her father, James 
Blood, was likewise killed, September 13, 1692. So also 
were her uncle, William Longley, his wife and five children, 
July 27, 1694; and three others of their children were carried 
away into captivity at the same time. A relative, James 
Parker, Jr., and his wife were killed in this assault, and their 
children taken prisoners. Her step-father, Enoch Lawrence, 
received a wound in an engagement with the Indians, proba- 
bly in the same attack of July 27, 1694, which almost wholly 
prevented him from earning a livelihood for himself and 
family. The three Tarbell children, who were carried off to 
Canada by the Indians, June 20, 1/07, were cousins of Mrs. 
Shattuck. John Ames, who was shot by the savages at the 
gate of his own garrison, July 9, 1724, \vas the father of 
Jacob, who married her niece, Ruth Shattuck. And lastly, 
her son-in-law, Isaac Lakin, the husband of her daughter 


Elizabeth, was wounded in Lovewell's Fight at Pequawket, 
May 8, 1725. These calamities covered a period of only 
one generation, extending from the year 1692 to 1725. 

The Reverend Wilkes Allen, in his " History of Chelms- 
ford " (page 35, note}, says that Major Tyng was wounded by 
the Indians between Groton and Concord, some time during 
the year 1711, and that he was taken to the latter town, where 
he died. 

Near the end of Queen Anne's War there were eighteen 
garrisons in this town, containing, in all, fifty-eight families, 
or three hundred and seventy-eight persons. Of this num- 
ber, seventeen were soldiers in the public service. The 
details are given in "A List of Frontier Garrisons Reviewed 
by Order of his Excellency the Governour [Joseph Dudley], 
In Novemb; 1711," as follows: - 

N'> Garisons Familys Inhabit" 1 Souldiers Souls 

1 Serj' Gillson 3 6 i 25 

2 Deacon Whittneys 48 32 

3 Lieu* Lawrance i i 2 

4 Cap 1 Prescott 4 8 i 41 

5 Samuel Parker 3 8 o 27 

6 M r Bradstreet i i 3 10 

7 M[ Hubbards 3 12 o 32 

8 M; Lakins 7 9 i 30 

9 Ens g Shipple 6 7 2 30 

10 M r Shaddock 5 6 2 26 

1 1 Corp Tarbell 4 6 2 23 

1 2 M r Holdings i 3 2 12 

1 3 Ensf Farnsworth 3 4 i i X 

14 M r Filbrick 7 8 o 40 

15 M[ Stones 2 3 o 12 

1 6 Chamberlain i 4 

1 7 y c Cap' Mill i i i 6 

1 8 Mr Farnsworth 2218 

58 93 

[Massachusetts Archives, LXXI. 874.] 


It would be interesting to identify the several sites of these 
garrison-houses, but that is no\v impossible. Mr. Bradstreet's 
house is the only one in the list still standing. It was built 
during the year 1706, and is situated on Hollis Street; it was 
occupied by A. W. Churchill when the map, - opposite to 
page 247, in Mr. Butler's History was made. 

Captain Prescott lived at the southerly end of the village, 
on the farm known as the birthplace of Colonel William 
Prescott. Mr. Hubbard or Hobart, as commonly written 
dwelt on the site of the Baptist Meeting-house. Mr. Lakin's 
house was probably in the neighborhood of the cemetery, 
and Ensign Shepley's stood near by, on the Martin's Pond 
road. Mr. " Shaddock " was perhaps William Shattuck, who 
lived in the vicinity of XVattle's Pond; and Corporal Tarbell's 
farm is now occupied by James Lawrence. Captain Pres- 
cott's mill at the Forge Village, now in Westford, is evidently 
meant by " y e Cap 1 Mill." 

An allusion is made probably to some one captured during 
Queen Anne's War, in the following extract from the account 
of a " Missionary Tour in Maine," written in the year 1/98, 
by the Reverend Paul Coffin, and printed in the fourth volume 
of the " Collections of the Maine Historical Society: " 

Mr. Russel of Canaan [Maine] told me he lived in an house at 
Groton, the owner of which was captivated by the indians, about 
ninety years past and brought to Norridgwogg, where he built the first 
Moss-house which the indians and French first had there. This 
pleased his new masters so well that they gave him his redemption. 
(Pages 379, 380.) 



IN a list of prisoners held by the French and Indians in 
Canada, March 5, 1710-11, are the names of " Zech : Tarbal, 
John Tarbal, Sarah Tarbal, Matt. Farnsworth [and] Lydia 
Longley" (Archives, LXXI. 765), all of Groton, though no 
date of capture is given. Lydia Longley was taken by the 
Indians on July 27, 1694, and the particulars of her case have 
already been told. The Tarbell children were carried off on 
June 2O, 1707; but it is unknown when Matthias Farnsworth 
was captured, and this entry appears to be the only record of 
the fact. Sarah, John, and Zechariah were children of Thomas 
and Elizabeth (Wood) Tarbell, who, with a large family, lived 
on Farmers' Row, near where James Lawrence's house now 
stands. Sarah was a girl nearly fourteen years of age, John 
a lad of twelve years, and Zechariah only seven, at the time 
when they were taken. They were near kindred of the 
Longley family, who had been massacred thirteen years 
before. The father was unquestionably the Corporal Tarbell 
who commanded, in the autumn of 1711, one of the eighteen 
garrisons in the town. 

The story of their capture and captivity is a singular one, 
and sounds like a romance. They were picking cherries early 
one evening, so tradition relates, and were taken before 
they had time to get down from the tree. It should be borne 
in mind that the date of capture, according to the new style 
of reckoning, was July i, when cherries would be ripe enough 
to tempt the appetite of climbing youngsters. These children 
were carried to Canada, where, it would seem, they were 
treated kindly, as no inducement afterward was strong enough 
to make them return permanently to their old home. The 
girl, Sarah, was sold to the French, and placed in a convent at 
Lachine, near Montreal ; but what became of her subsequently 
I am unable to say. 


Thomas Tarbcll, the father of these children, made his will 
September 26, 1715, which was admitted to probate six weeks 
later, and is now on file at the Middlesex Probate Office in 
East Cambridge. After making certain bequests to different 
members of his family, he says : 

all the rest & residue of my Reall Estate I give to be Equally di- 
vided between my three children, John, Zachary, & Sarah Tarbell, 
upon their return from Captivity, or In Proportion unto any of them 
that shall return, & the rest, or the parts belonging to them that do not 
return, shall be Equally divided among the rest of my children. 

During my visit to Montreal in the summer of 1877 I saw, 
at the Congregation of Notre Dame, the French record, of 
which the following is a translation : 

On Monday, July 23, 1708, the ceremony of baptism was per- 
formed on Sarah Tarbell, who was born at Groton in New England, 
October 9, 1693. Her parents were Thomas Tarbell and Elizabeth 
Wood, both Protestants, and she was baptized by the minister shortly 
after her birth. Having been taken by the savages on Monday, June 
20, 1707, she was brought to Canada; she has since been sold, and 
has lived with the Sisters of the Congregation of Notre Dame, estab- 
lished at Lachine, where she abjured her religion on May i. Her 
godfather was M. Jacques Urbain Robert de Lamorandiere, Secretary 
of M. 1'Intendant ; and her godmother was Madame Marguerite Bonat, 


wife of M. Etienne Pascaud, the deputy treasurer of the King in this 

Her name Sarah has been changed to Marguerite. 

[Signed] MG TF - BONAT. 


The boys remained for many years with their captors at 
Caughnawaga, an Indian village on the right bank of the St. 
Lawrence River, directly opposite to Lachine. 


It is supposed that they left this place about the year 1760, 
when they moved up the river, in order to establish another 

In the year 1713 John Stoddard and John Williams were 
appointed by Governor Joseph Dudley, to go to Quebec and 
treat with the Governor-General of Canada for the release 
of the New England prisoners. They were accompanied 
by Thomas Tarbell, probably the elder brother of the 
boys, and we find his petition presented to the House of 
Representatives, June I, 1715, "praying consideration and 
allowance for his Time and Expences in going to Canada, 
with Major Stoddard & Mr. Williams, Anno 1713, to re- 
cover the Captives." 

The petition was referred, and, on the next day, 

Capt. Noyes from the Committee for Petitions, made Report on 
the Petition of Thomas Tarboll, viz. That they are of Opinion that 
nothing is due from the Province to the said Tarboll, since he pro- 
ceeded as a Volunteer in that Service to Canada, & not imployed by 
the Government, but recommended him to the favour of the House. 

The report was accepted, and, in consideration of Tarbell's 
services, he was allowed ten pounds out of the public treasury. 
Captain Stoddard's Journal, giving an account of the nego- 
tiations, is printed in " The New England Historical and 
Genealogical Register" (v. 26), for January, 1851, and 
Tarbell's name is mentioned in it. 

We find no further trace of these boys, now grown up to 
manhood, during the twenty-five years following this attempt 
to release the New England prisoners. In the winter of 1739 
John and Zechariah Tarbell came back to Groton in order to 
visit their kinsfolk and see their native town. They were so 
young when carried away that their recollections of the place 
were of course very indistinct. It is not known now under 
what circumstances or influences they returned. An itemized 
bill of the expense incurred in bringing them back from 


Canada was made out against their brothers, Thomas and 
Samuel, and perhaps paid by them. Shortly afterward Thom- 
as Tarbell petitioned the General Court for means to enable 
him to meet the necessary charges of the journey, besides 
the expenses of an interpreter ; and a conditional loan was 
granted. The record does not say whether it was ever paid 
back by him. The papers relating to the subject are as 
follows : 

I)' Mess"? Thomas 6* Samuel Tharbell to William Rogers Jun r C' 


Jan ry To 5o'! J Biskett 10 3 

40 Ib Pork a 7 '' 1:34 

ii Gall s Brandy 8 9 

8 blanketts Stroucls each q s 2.V I , 

\ 6 10 
Ells a 6 6 p Ell ) 

To Lodging Victu! &: 9 days a j- each i 16 o 

To Horse Hire to Kinderhook & expenc e 1 5 9 

To Lodging Victu 1 &f at Westenhook 7 2 

To horse Hire from Westfield to Gro" 10 

N. York mony \2 \ 3 
at 200 p C advance 24 2 6 


To Cash paid Expences at Glasco ) ,. 

[Blandford] N. E. M[oney]. )* 
To d? paid d'.' at Westfield 10 

To d? paid d and Horse Hire at 

To d.' paid d'.' at Lambs between ~\ 

Springfield and Kingstown V 66 

[Palmer] j 

To d.' at M r Ashleys i 7 2 

To d? paid at Howards & Richerdsons i 2 

To d: 1 paid at M r Huberds 14 6 

To d" paid at Boston &" ~\_} 5 

[Amount carried forward, ^44 M 9] 


[Amottnt brought forward, ^44 *4 9] 
To my Trouble for bringing your ~\ 
Brothers from Canada to Albany I 
& here, from y e io'. h feb7 to [ 
April 27'!' is 77 days at 2O/ 

ji2i M 9 

1739 Boston April ig'I 1 Errors Excepted 

[Massachusetts Archives, XV. A 15, 16.] 

\ To His Excellency Jonathan Belcher Esq Gov 
Province of the f ^, 7 . , -,, TT ,, ,, -,,, T r j- n . 

> Chief The fforr Council! 6* House of Rep'"' 
Massachusetts Bay I . J 

J in Generall Court Assembled Apr ill 23'' 1739 
The Petition of Thomas Tarbell of Groton Elder Brother To his 
Two Unfortunate Brothers Taken into Captivity in the former Wars 
humbly Sheweth 

That he does with utmost thankfullness acknowledge The Great 
favour of this Court Expressed towards his said Brothers and for y" 
Great encouragement you have been pleased to give In order to Excite 
them to come over & settle amongst us 

But in as much as the Charges of their coming down and y e Inter- 
preter who attended them amounts To one hundred 6* Twenty one 
pound 14 9 [The italicised words in the petition are erased, and 
" fourty pound new tennor Bill " interlined.] which your petitioner 
must Pay & not being in a Capacity to Raise so much mony at this 
time he most humbly prays your Excellency & Hon rs would of your 
Great Goodness be pleased to make him a Grant of so much or to 
allow him to receive y e same out of the Publick Treasury and Grant 
him such time for Repaymt thereof again as to your Excellency & 
Hon rs in your great Goodness shall seem meet, your petitioners giving 
good security therefor & as in Duty bound shall Ever pray &c 

[Massachusetts Archives, XV. A 17.] 

In the House of Rep rfs April 24"'' 1739. 
Read and in answer to this petition 

Voted that Mr Treasurer ffoye be & hereby is impowered and 
directed to advance to the petitioner Thomas Tarbell the sum of 



Thirty Nine pounds Eleven shillings and seven pence out of the 
publick Treasury provided the said Tarbell give good security for re- 
imbursing the Treasury the said sum within the space of two years at 
the farthest, in Case his two Brothers do not within that time return 
with their ffamilics & dwell among us in this Government 
Sent up for Concurrence 

J. Quixcv Sp* r 

In Council April 24 1739 Read and Nonconcured. 

SIMON FROST Dep' Sec ry 
[Massachusetts Archives, XV. A 17.] 

In the House of Representatives April 21. 1739 

In Consideration of that Clause in His Excellency's speech for 
inducing some English Captives lately come from Canada to return 
hither again by giving them some proper Encouragement Ordered 
that the sum of Forty pounds new tenor bills be granted & allowed 
to be paid out of the publick Treasury to Joseph Kellogg Esq' and by 
him to be paid and disposed of to & for the use of the two Captives 
viz' John Tharbell and Zechariah Tharbell in the following Manner 
viz 1 Sixteen pounds thirteen shillings & four pence part thereof to be 
laid out at their discretion as a present to their wives in the purchase 
of such things as they are desirous of, and that the like sum of sixteen 
pounds thirteen shillings & four pence be given to be at their own 
disposal!, and the remainder thereof viz. six pounds thirtteen shillings 
& four pence be given them to bear their charges homewards 

and further the assurance of this Government is hereby given them 
that if they shall return with their Families to live among us they shall 
be put & kept in the pay of the province as Soldiers at Fort Dummer 
during Life to give them bread for their Families without being obliged 
to the duty of the Garison only behaving themselves peaceably and 
Orderly among us ; and that each of them shall have a right in some 
new township, or two hundred acres of Land a piece for an Inherit- 
ance to them, and their heirs, where it shall be found most fit and 
convenient and also that on their return again with their ffamilies to 
dwell here as aforesaid this Government will pay to their Brethren 
namely Thomas & Samuel Tharbell the am" of Mr William Rogers Junr 


his accompt for the Charge of their Journey down & now exhibited 
being forty pounds, eleven shillings & seven pence 
Sent up for Concurrence 

J. QUINCY Sp kr 
In Council April 24. i 739 
Read and Concurr'd 
25 : Consented to, J WILLARD Secry 

[Massachusetts Archives, XV. A 18, 19.] 

On April 20 Governor Belcher brought the case of these 
captives to the attention of the Council and the House of 
Representatives ; and this action on his part prompted the 
petition of Thomas Tarbell. The Governor then made a 
speech, in which he said: 

There are lately come from Canada some Persons that were taken 
by the Indians from Groton above thirty Years ago, who (its believed) 
may be induced to return into this Province, on your giving them 
some proper Encouragement : If this Matter might be effected, I 
should think it would be not only an Act of Compassion in order 
to reclaim them from the Errors and Delusions of the Romish 
Faith ; but their living among us might, in Time to come, be of great 
Advantage to the Province. 

This subject was referred the same day to a Committee 
consisting of John Read, of Boston, William Fairfield, of 
Wenham, Thomas Wells, of Deerfield, Benjamin Browne, of 
Salem, and Job Almy, of Tiverton. On the next day, April 
21 as we read in the printed Journal of the House of 
Representatives the chairman of 

The Committee appointed to consider that Paragraph in His Ex- 
cellency's SPEECH relating to the Encouragement of two English 
Captives from Canada, viz. John Tharbell and Zechariah Tharbell, 
made report thereon, which he read in his Place, and then delivered 
it at the Table ; and after some debate thereon, the House did not 
accept the Report ; and having considered the "same Article by Article, 


the House came into a Vote thereon, and sent the same up to the 
honourable Board for Concurrence. 

On the 23d, we find 

A Petition of Thomas Tharbell of Groton, Elder Brother of the 
t\vo Mr. Tharbclls lately returned from Captivity in Canada, praying 
he may be allowed the Loan of some Money to enable him to pay 
William Rogers, jun. his Account of Charges in bringing his Brethren 
to Boston. Read and Ordered, That the Petition be considered to 
morrow morning. 

On the next day, 

The House pass'd a Vote on the Petition of Thomas Tharbell of 
Groton, praying as entred the 23d current, and sent the same up to 
the honourable Board for Concurrence. 

All these efforts, however, to reclaim the two men from 
savage life proved unavailing; for it is known that they re- 
mained with the Indians and became naturalized, if I may 
use the expression. They married Indian wives, and were 
afterward made chiefs at Caughnawaga and St. Regis, vil- 
lages in Canada. Their descendants are still living among 
the Indians, and the Tarbells of the present day, in this town, 
are their collateral kindred. Nearly forty years after their 
capture, Governor Hutchinson met them in New York State, 
and in his " History of the Province of Massachusetts Bay '' 
refers to them thus : - 

I saw at Albany two or three men, in the year i 744, who came 
in with the Indians to trade, and who had been taken at Groton in 
this, that is called Queen Ann's war. One of them - Tarbell, 
was said to be one of the wealthiest of the Cagnawaga tribe. He 
made a visit in his Indian dress and with his Indian complexion (for 
by means of grease and paints but little difference could be discerned) 
to his relations at Groton, but had no inclination to remain there. 
(II. 139-) 

This is another account from " The Galaxy " magazine, for 
January, 1870: - 


It is related that, about a century and a half ago, while a couple of 
boys and a girl were playing in a barn at Groton, Massachusetts, 
some Indians suddenly appeared, seized the boys and fled, carrying 
them to the village of Caughnawaga, nine miles above Montreal, 
where they grew up with the Indian habits, manners, and language, 
being finally adopted as members of the tribe ; and married Indian 
brides selected from the daughters of the principal chiefs. (IX. 124.) 

Some years after this time, these two young men now oc- 
cupying the position of chiefs moved up the St. Lawrence 
River, accompanied by several others, all with their families, 
and established the village of St. Regis. This Indian settle- 
ment is pleasantly situated on the right bank of the St. Law- 
rence, the boundary line which separates the State of New 
York from Canada running through it. From its peculiar 
position, it was agreed, during the last war with England, that 
the Indians should remain neutral, but the compact was 
often broken. In the summer of 1852 the tribe numbered 
about eleven hundred persons, of whom it is said that not one 
was of pure Indian origin. 

Many interesting facts concerning the Tarbells at St. Regis 
are found in the " History of St. Lawrence and Franklin 
Counties, New York" (Albany, 1853), by Dr. Franklin B. 
Hough. A part of the village comes within the limits of 
Franklin County; and the author has gathered up some 
of the stories still told about these two brothers in that 
neighborhood. He gives the following accounts, which arc 
largely traditional, but with some truth at the bottom : 

About a hundred and thirty years ago, three children (a girl about 
twelve or thirteen years of age, and two younger brothers) were play- 
ing together in a barn, in the town of Groton, Massachusetts, and 
being absent from the house longer than was expected, their mother 
became solicitous about them, and went to find them. The girl was 
lying on the floor, with a limb broken, and the boys were missing. 

She related that seeing some Indians coming, she fled to the upper 
part of the barn, and fell by accident from the beams above, and that 


they had seized the two boys and carried them away. The stealthy 
manner of this seizure, and the time that had elapsed, forbade pursuit 
with any hope of success, and the distracted parents were left to mourn 
the loss without consolation or hope. The probable motive for the 
seizure of these children was the expectation that a bounty would be 
offered for their ransom ; or perhaps they might be exchanged for 
French prisoners. 

As afterwards appeared, these boys were taken by the Caughnawaga 
Indians to their village near Montreal, where they were adopted as 
their own children, growing up in habits, manners, and language 
as Indians, and in due time they married the daughters of chiefs of 
that tribe. The names of these chiefs were Sa-kon-en-tsi-ask and 
Ata-wen-ta. ' 

But they possessed the superiority of intellect and enterprise which 
belonged to their race ; and this led to a series of petty quarrels, 
growing out of the jealousy of the young Indians of their age, which 
disquieted the village, and by the party spirit which it engendered, 
became a source of irritation and trouble in the settlement, and of 
anxiety on the part of their missionary, who labored in vain to 
reconcile the difficulties between them. 

Failing in this, he advised the two young men (one of whom they 
had named Ka-re-ko-wa) to remove with their families to a place by 
themselves, where they might enjoy tranquillity, and be beyond the 
reach of annoyance from their comrades. 

This advice they adopted ; and taking with them their wives, and 
followed by their wives' parents, these four families departed in a bark 
canoe, with their effects, to seek in a new country, and in the secluded 
recesses of the forest, a home. 

They coasted along up the St. Lawrence, and at length arrived at 
the delightful point on which the village of St. Regis now stands, where 
they landed and took possession. 

The name of these youths, was TARBELL, and their descendants 
have always resided at St. Regis, and some of them have been dis- 
tinguished as chiefs and headmen of the tribe. One of these named 
Lesor Tarbell, and a son of his name, was a prominent chief, about 
fifty years since, and very much esteemed by the whites for his 
prudence, candor, and great worth of character. 

The name of Tarbell is said to be very common in Groton to 
this dav. 


Another traditional version of the account differs in some particulars 
from that just related, and is as follows : 

Three lads and an elder sister were playing together in a field, 
when they were suq)rised by a small party of Indians. One of the 
boys escaped, but the rest were seized, and marched that day about 
fourteen miles into the woods, towards Canada, when it coming on 
dark, they came to a halt, and camped for the night. Thinking their 
prisoner secure, the Indians were less watchful than usual, and finally 
all fell asleep. 

The girl, about twelve years old, kept awake, and seeing the rest 
asleep, her first thought was to awaken her brothers, and attempt to 
escape ; but fearing to disturb the Indians, should she attempt this, and 
thus prevent any possibility of escape, she crept carefully out from 
among them, and struck off in the direction of her home, which she 
at length reached after undergoing great hardship. 

One of the lads on growing up went off to the northwest ; the other 
married, and subsequently, with his wife and one or two other families, 
moved off, and made the first settlement at St. Regis. 

From the abundance of partridges which the thicket afforded they 
called it AK-WIS-SAS-NE, " where the partridge drums," and this name it 
still retains. 

These families were living very peaceably together, and had made 
small clearings for cornfields, when they were joined by Father 
Anthony Gordon, a Jesuit from Caughnawaga, with a colony of these 
Indians, in 1760. 

The year of this settlement is known by the fact that they were met, 
near Coteau du Lac, by Lord Amherst, who was descending the St. 
Lawrence, to complete the conquest of Canada. Gordon named the 
place ST. REGIS. (Pages 111-113.) 

In former years the St. Regis Indians had certain rights in 
a land reservation in the State of New York ; and more than 
once treaties were made between the Governor of the State 
and the chiefs of the tribe, among whom were descendants of 
these Tarbell boys. A treaty was signed on February 20, 
1818, in behalf of the Indians, by Loran Tarbell and Thomas 
Tarbell, and two other chiefs. Another treaty was signed on 
September 23, 1825, by eleven chiefs and trustees of the 


tribe, including Peter Tarbell, Thomas Tarbell, Mitchel Tar- 
bell, Louis Tarbell, and Battice Tarbell. Some of these 
names, I am sure, will sound familiar to the older inhabitants 
of Groton. It is very likely that Battice is the same as Sabat- 
tis, an Indian name, which is said to be a corruption of Saint 

Dr. Hough writes about one of the earlier members of the 
family as follows : 

A half breed Indian, who usually was known as PETER THE BIG 
SPEAK, was a son of Lesor Tarbell, one of the lads who had been 
stolen a\vay from Groton by the Indians, and who subsequently be- 
came one- of the first settlers who preceded the founding of St. 

He was a man of much address and ability as a speaker, and was 
selected as the mouthpiece of the tribe on the more important occasions 
that presented themselves. (Page 182.) 

The statement is wrong, however, that Lesor was the name 
of one of the captured boys. It is perfectly well known that 
their names were John and Zechariah, but it is not improb- 
able that one of their sons was named Lesor. If this was the 
case, it was intended, doubtless, for Eleazer, the name of their 
youngest brother, who was less than two months old when 
they were carried off. It certainly would be a very touching 
tribute to their childish recollections if they had remembered 
this little babe at home, and carried him in their thoughts for 
so many years. 

In the year 1772 the Reverend Mr. Ripley and Lieutenant 
Taylor went on a mission to Canada, in order to induce some 
Indian children to join the Charity School at Hanover, New 
Hampshire. They returned September 21, bringing with 
them eight boys from Caughnawaga, and two from Lorette, 
a village near Quebec. Among these lads was a descendant 
of one of the Tarbell captives. An account of this visit to 
Canada is given in the appendix to a pamphlet entitled " A 
Continuation of the Narrative of the Indian Charity School," 


by Eleazer Whcelock, D. D., and published in the year 1773. 
The following extract is taken from it : 

The same day a council of the chiefs of that tribe [Caughnawaga] 
was called to consider of the proposal of sending their children to this 
school, which Mr. Ripley had left to their consideration, in which they 
were to a man agreed in the affirmative, and acknowledged with grati- 
tude the benevolence and kindness of their offer : They continued 
united and firm to the last in that determination against the most warm 
and zealous remonstrances of their priest, both in public and private ; 
in consequence of which determination, nine of their boys were made 
ready to accompany Mr. Ripley hither ; three of which were children 
or descendants from captives, who had been captivated when they 
were young, and lived with them, till they were naturalized and married 
among them. One was a descendant from Rev. Mr. Williams who was 
captivated from Deerfield in 1 704, but the boy was taken sick with the 
measles, and thereby his coming was prevented ; but may be expected 
in the spring. Another was a descendant from Mr. Tarbull, who was 
captivated from Groton, in the year 1700 [1707?], who is now a 
hearty and active man, and the eldest chief, and chief speaker of the 
tribe. He expressed great affection to his relations in New-England, 
sent his love to them, and desired they might be informed that he had 
a grandson at this school. The other was son to Mr. Stacey, who was 
captivated from Ipswich, and is a good interpreter for that tribe. 
(Pages 39, 40.) 

Another reference to the same subject is found in the 
first volume of Farmer & Moore's " Collections," published 
at Concord, New Hampshire, in the year 1822. It is as 
follows : 

In 1772, Rev. SYLVANUS RIPLEY and Lt. JOSEPH TAYLOR, who acted 
as interpreter, went on a mission to the Indian tribes in Canada. 
They returned to Hanover on the 2ist of September, and brought 
with them ten children from those tribes, to receive an education in 
the school at Dartmouth College. Two of these children were taken 
by the Indians in former wars, while they were young, and were 
brought up in the language and customs of the natives. One of them 
was a grandson, about eight years old, of a Mr. Tarbell, who was 


taken from Groton, in Massachusetts, in the year 1704 [1707?], when 
he was about ten years old. Mr. Tarbell was then in vigorous health 
and the oldest chief in the village. He expressed much joy in seeing 
Messrs. Ripley and Taylor, and earnestly encouraged his grandson in 
leaving his Indian relatives to receive the benefits of education. 
There was another youth, a grandson of Mrs. Eunice Williams, who 
was taken captive with her father, the Rev. John Williams, of Deer- 
field, Feb. 29, 1 704, that would have accompanied them, but was 
prevented by indisposition. (Pages 63, 64.) 

A Frenchman by the name of Fovel visited St. Regis in 
the year 1826, and induced one of the Tarbell family, whose 
Indian name was Joseph Torakaron, to accompany him to 
Europe. Torakaron was to travel in the character of an 
Indian chief, and Fovel was to act as interpreter and agent. 
The story is thus told by Dr. Hough, in his History: 

In 1826, a young Frenchman, by the name of Fovel, who had been 
for some time at Montreal, visited St. Regis, and induced one Joseph 
Torakaron, (sometimes known by his English name of Tarbell,) to con- 
sent to accompany him to Europe. Torakaron was to travel in the 
character of an Indian chief, (which office he then held at St. Regis,) 
and his companion in that of interpreter, solicitor, treasurer, and 
agent. The motives held out to the chief were, that they should be 
able to obtain donations for the endowment of their church, and 
doubtless large sums as presents to themselves. Having made all 
necessary arrangements, and being furnished with letters from St. 
Regis, Montreal and Quebec, certifying the standing of Torakaron at 
home, the two proceeded by way of New York and Havre, to Paris. 
The conductor here obtained an interview with Charles X, and so 
favorable an impression was made upon the mind of the king, that he 
presented them with three fine paintings, and a large sum in money, 
and other valuable articles. 

Thence they proceeded by way of Marseilles, to Rome, and 
obtained an interview with the pope. 

During a conversation, the pope asked the Indian if he could 
converse in another language than his own, and finding him able to 
use the English and French to some degree, he invited him to a 


second interview alone. The result was, that a set of books and silver 
plate, for the service of the church, a rosary of jewels and gold, worth 
it is said $1400, and other articles of value, were given him. They 
thence returned to Marseilles, where they spent the winter, and in 
1828 returned by way of Paris and Havre to New York. Here the 
treasurer, or interpreter, or whatever else he might be called, evinced 
his true character by absconding with every article of value, except 
the rosary and paintings, leaving Torakaron without means even to 
return home. He was enabled to do so through the charity of friends, 
and the paintings were soon after deposited in their destined place. 
Two are now at St. Regis, and the third in the church at Caughna- 
waga. Of the former, those who visit the church will recognize in a 
painting over the altar, the portrait of St. Regis, and in the one to the 
left, near the pulpit, that of St. Francois Xavier. (Page 166.) 

In the summer of 1877 I visited St. Regis, where I met a 
grandson of one of the Tarbell captives. He was more than 
eighty years old, and could speak only Indian ; and I had 
to talk with him through an interpreter. I learned that 
he was aware that his grandfather had been taken when 
a boy, from a town near Boston, and that he had kinsfolk 
still living there. What interested me exceedingly was the 
physical resemblance between him and some of his collateral 
relations, who lived and died at Squannacook within my 
recollection. He was a man of ordinary size, with a sunburnt 
face and gray hair, though somewhat bald. There was but 
little appearance of Indian blood in his veins, and he would 
have passed anywhere for a good-looking old man. He lived 
with one of his sons in a small house that was clapboarded 
and painted, and one of the best in the village, where, 
surrounded by his grandchildren, he was passing the declining 
years of his life in comfortable ease. 

I was also interested to learn from the Reverend Francis 
Marcoux, the parish priest, that the Tarbells were among the 
most prominent families of the settlement, where there are, 
perhaps, forty persons who bear the name. They keep up, 


in a great measure, the same given names that are common 
among their kindred in this neighborhood. The inhabitants 
of St. Regis, for the most part, retain the English names of 
their fathers, and besides, have Indian ones. 

In tracing the career of these boys and their descendants 
down nearly to the present time, the account sounds more 
like fiction than the sober truth of history. The trail of their 
adventures is covered up with so many improbabilities that 
the mere narration of them excites marvel and wonder. 

During the War of the Rebellion, Louis Tarble, a son of 
Thomas, of St. Regis, who was descended from one of the 
captives, served two years in the Thirty-fourth New York 
Volunteers, and subsequently in the Eleventh United States 
Infantry. After his discharge from the army he died at 
Norway, Herkimer County, New York. 

During the present summer of 1883 Mr. Lawrence, the 
owner of the Tarbell farm, proposes to place in the wall by 
the wayside a stone bearing this inscription : 




JUNE 20, 1707. 






l88 3 . 



DURING the summer of 1723 "the Indian enemy" as 
the early settlers were wont to call them still threatened 
the western frontier towns. On August 16, 1723, according 
to the printed Journal of the House of Representatives, 
Lieutenant-Governor Dummer, at that time the acting Gov- 
ernor of the Province, was desired immediately to order 
detachments of men, varying from three to six, from the 
inhabitants of the several towns along the line of outer set- 
tlements, to be constantly employed in scouting and ranging 
the woods in their respective towns ; and under this order 
Groton was to have six. On August 24 it was ordered by 
the House of Representatives, that these scouts should be 
placed under the direction of the chief military officer of the 
several towns, and such officer should receive five shillings a 
week for his services. Owing to informalities in the matter, 
a dispute arose between the House and the Lieutenant- 
Governor, who within two days sent two messages to that 
body, and some slight modifications were made in the original 
draft. Lieutenant Jabez Fairbanks, of Lancaster, commanded 
the company which included the Groton men. The follow- 



ing document gives a list of his men at the beginning of the 
winter : 

LANCASTER December y e 2 th 1723 

May it plese your Hon er I have in observance of your Hon rs order 
Inlisted fifteen able bodyed men fit for service & haue sent the List of 
them herewith to your Hon r with y e List of those that ware in y e ser- 
vice before and haue put them on duity : we haue made no decovery 
of y e Inemy as yet : the barer is one that is in the service & is Capable 
if your Hon r Seas Case to demand : to give a full account of our 
management your Humble 



To y e Hon" William Dumer Esq Left Govener & for His Majesties 
service, by M r Edward Hartwell 

A List of the Names of y e Soldiers first enlisted in Lancaster 
Groaton & Dunstable 

Edward Hartwill 
Aaron Willard 
Benjamin Osgood 
Benjamin Houghton junr 
John Bennit 
Samuell Sawyer 
Jonathan Shipley 
Joseph Blood 
James Shattuck 

The names of those last in Listed 

Joseph Blanchard 

Ephraim Wheeler 

David Osgood 

Joseph Wheelock 

Ezra Sawyer 

Benjamin Harris 

Phinehas Parker 

David Satell 
LANCASTER December the 2th 1723 

Samuell Scripter 
John Stephens 
William Larrance 
Jabaz Davice 
Thomas Chamberlin 
Ephraim Chandler 
Benjamin Nicholes 
John Barrit 

Isaac Woods 
Jacob Lakin 
Thomas Lund 
Isaac Fanvell 
Ebenezer Cumins 
John Usher 
Jonathan Combs 


[Massachusetts Archives, LXXII. 144, 145.] 


On December 7, 1723, the House of Representatives passed 
the account of Colonel Joseph Buckminster, for going and 
sending expresses, on public business, between Boston and 
Groton and other towns ; and fifty-five shillings were allowed 
for the service. On the same day the sum of ^94 los. was 
allowed for paying the company under the command of Ser- 
geant Edward Hartwell, made up of scouts at Groton, Shrews- 
bury, and Lancaster, and the further sum of 40 $s. gd. for the 
subsistence of the men ; and the money was to be placed in the 
hands of Benjamin Prescott, of Groton, for his disbursement. 
This company of scouts was the one raised by Lieutenant 
Fairbanks. On December 10, a petition was presented from 
Jonathan Hubbard, of Groton, praying that he might be paid 
& 4-r. for entertaining Samuel Barnard, a trooper belonging 
to Captain Bowman's company, who was taken sick at his 
house, while in the public service ; and the committee, to 
whom the matter was referred, made a report recommending 
its payment. 

The military company at this post, during the campaigns of 
1723 and 1724, was composed of soldiers principally from 
Groton, Lancaster, and Dunstable, and commanded by 
Lieutenant Fairbanks. Some of them were detailed as 
guards to protect the more exposed garrisons, and others 
were scouting in the neighborhood. They were so scattered 
that the commanding officer found it difficult to drill them 
as a company. Fortunately, however, they were not engaged 
in much fighting, though the enemy had been lurking about 
and threatening the town. 

The following Groton men are borne on the rolls of 
Lieutenant Fairbanks's company, June 18, 1724, and repre- 
sent some of the most influential families at that time. The 
period of their service is given, with the amount of their 




Phinias Parker, Serj! 


25 to Jan. 12 




Jon? Shipley, Sent! 1 

IO ,, 


1 1 


Jo s Blood 

June 13 



Ja s Shaduck 




Samuel Screpter 



W" Lawrance 



Josiah Bauden 






Jacob Ames 


25 v 




Isaac Woods 


,, ,, ,, 




Jason Williams 





Nath 1 Lawrance 

,, ,, 




Jon' 1 Shepley, Serj! 


3 >' " 


1 1 


Tho s Chamberlin 






Mich 1 Gillson 






[Massachusetts Archives, XCI. 


The following letters from the commanding officer, to 
Lieutenant-Governor William Dummer, show how these 
scouts were employed during a part of their service : - 

GROTON May 28 th 1724. 
May it please your Honour 

I have Posted the men Committed to my care at the Towns of 
Lancaster Groton Dunstable & Turkey Hill [Lunenburg] according 
to your Honours Orders ; and Improve them in the best manner I 
can for the protection of the People & Discovery of the enemy and 
I think to General Satisfaction I have ordered one man to M r 
[Benjamin] Prescotts Garrison During his attendance on the Court. 
I beg leave further to acquaint your Honour that y ' people in these 
Towns apprehend themselves in Great Danger, and cannot (in my 
humble opinion) be in any measure safe with so small a number of 

I am your Honours Humble 

& most obedient Serv' 


(Massachusetts Archives, LXXII. 176.] 


LANCASTER, July if 1724. 
May it please your Honour. 

I recieved your Letter the Last night in the evening, and not before 
tho' I suppose I might have had it sooner had the bearer pleased, 
Your Honour is pleased in your Letter to give me my choice of 
A Lieutenants Post in Groton or Turkey Hills or A Serjeants at 
Lancaster. I am sensible that Serjeants Pay in Town would be as 
Profitable as to keep constantly abroad, but yet upon Some Consid- 
erations I choose to Abide in the Post I am, and to go to Groton. 
I return my thanks to your Honour for the choice you have given 
me. I would Inform your Honour that on Monday Last I sent A 
Scout to Rutland who Returned yesterday and gave me an Account 
that In the way they discovered the tracks of four or five Indians 
bearing towards Wochoosett who they Judged had been gone 2 or 3 
days. Yesterday Part of Groton men & Part of this Town went out 
for the week to range above the Towns to see what Discovery they 
could make, and I am my self this Day going out with what men I 
can Raise to see what I can discover. I desire the favour of your 
Honour, That the souldiers now under my Command in Lancaster 
and Groton might have the Liberty of abiding with me or of being 
Dismist. If it be your Honours Pleasure to let Edward Hartwell who 
hath been a Serjeant under me Abide still in that Post in this Town I 
should take it as a favour. I stand ready to attend your Honours 
Orders & Command and am Si 

Your Humble Sen-ant 


[Massachusetts Archives, LIT. 9 ] 

GROTON July 2o th 1724. 
May it please your Honour 

I have attended your orders in posting the men at the Towns of 
Groton Lancaster & Turkey hill precisely except at Turkey Hill 
there is but eleven men Cap' Stevens having not as yet sent so many 
as ordered & I have Taken my post at Groton where I Improve the 
Souldiers in the best manner I can agreeable to your orders, & have 
ordered them to Lodge in some of y most Exposed Garrisons as often 
as may be, but I find it impossible to Improve So Small a number of 
men So as to answer y? Necessities of the people here, whose circum- 



stances are So verry Difficult and Distressing that I am not able fully 
to Represent to your Honour. 

the poor people are many of them obliged to keep their own Gar- 
risons and part of them Imployed as Guards while others are at their 
Labour whose whole Time would be full Little enough to be expended 
in getting bread for their families. My own Garrison at Lancaster is 
very much exposed & with Humble Submission I think Requires Pro- 
tection as much as any in that Town, therefore I Humbly pray your 
Honour would be pleased to give me Leave to post a Souldier 
there Dureing my absence in the service of the province I beg your 
Honours Pardon for giving you this Trouble ; and as[k] Leave to 
Subscribe my Selfe 

Your most Obedient Humble Serv 1 


[Massachusetts Archives, LII. 17.] 

For some Journals, kept in this neighborhood by Lieu- 
tenant Fairbanks during the years 1723 and 1724, see Massa- 
chusetts Archives, XXXVIII. A 49-54, 56-65. 

Colonel Tyng writes, July 23, 1724, from Dunstable, to 
Lieutenant-Governor William Dummer, that he has sent ten 
men of his company to Groton, agreeably to orders, and that 
he is going himself "to dispose the 10 men there." (Archives, 

LII. 22.) 

In the printed Journal of the House of Representatives, 
May 28, 1725, is found the petition of Dr. Blasdell, asking 
that an allowance be made for his professional services during 
this campaign. It is as follows : 

A Petition of Henry Blasdell of Groton, shewing that by Virtue of 
a Warrant from Col. Goffe he served as Surgeon to the Western 
Forces from the loth of September to the 6th of December past, being 
twelve Weeks and three Days, for which Service and the Medicines 
he administered to the Forces in the Service of the Province, he 
thinks he deserves Twenty six Pounds Fourteen Shillings for the 
Reasons mentioned in the Petition, and praying that the same may be 
allowed him out of the publick Treasury. 

It is recorded in the same Journal, June 1 1, 1725 : - 


On the Petition of Henry Blasdell of Groton, a Surgeon Impressed 
into the Service by Col. Edmund Goffe, praying as entred the 28/// of 
May last, which was read and Accepted, and Resolved, That the Sum 
of Seventeen Pounds, Nine Shillings be allowed and paid out of the 
publick Treasury to Dr. Henry Blasdell for his Wages, Druggs 
and Medicines in the Service of the Province as mentioned in the 

Penhallow, in " The History of the Wars of New-England," 
speaking of the Indians at this period, says : - 

The next damage they did was at Groton, but were so closely 
pursued, that they left several of their Packs behind. (Page 102.; 

It was on Thursday, July 9, 1724, that John Ames was 
shot by an Indian, one of a small party that attacked 
his garrison in the northwesterly part of the town. Ames 
lived on the north side of the Nashua River, a short dis- 
tance below the Hollingsworth paper-mills. He is said to 
be the last person killed by an Indian within the township. 
The Indian himself was immediately afterward shot by Jacob 
Ames, one of John's sons. "The Boston Gazette," July 13, 
1 724, thus refers to the event : 

A Man was kill'd last Week at Groton, by the Indians, and 't is 
suppos'd one Indian was kill'd by one of our Men in the Garrison ; 
the Indians left their Packs, 5 in number, which were taken and 
secur'd by the English. 

In the Gazette of July 27, it is said that " An Indian Scalp 
was brought to Town last Week from Groton." 

" The New England Courant," July 13, 1/24, reports that 
" Last Week the Indians kill'd a Man at Groton, and had 
one of their own Men very much wounded." The same news- 
paper, in its issue of July 27, says that " The Scalp of an 
Indian lately kill'd at Groton is brought to Town." 

" The Boston News Letter," July 16, 1724, gives the follow- 
ing version : 


From Groton \ve are inform'd, That 5 Indians came into that Place, 
and kill'd one Man, upon which one of our Men shot out of the Gar- 
rison and kill'd an Indian and got his Scalp in order to bring to Town, 
and have likewise taken the Indian Packs. 

The same paper, of July 30, says that " An Indian Scalp 
from Groton \vas brought in here last Week." 

These accounts, taken in connection with Jacob Ames's 
petition, found in the printed Journal of the House of 
Representatives for November 20, 1724, and herewith given, 
show conclusively that they relate to the assault in which John 
Ames was killed. It is equally certain that Penhallow, in his 
History, refers to the same attack when he speaks of the 
damage done at Groton in the summer of 1724. 

A Petition of Jacob Ames, shewing that he was one of the Weekly 
Scouts near the Garrisons on the Westerly part of the Town of Groton ; 
and on the Ninth Day of July last, when it was the Petitioners Week 
to be on Duty, a Number of Indians appeared at the Garrison of the 
Petitioners Father John Ames, and killed him at the Gate, and then 
rush'd violently into the Garrison to surprise the People there. And 
the Petitioner did with Courage and Resolution by himself defend the 
Garrison, and beat off the Indians, Slew one of them and Scalp'd him ; 
praying, That altho' it happened to be his Week to be on Duty, that 
this Court would take the Premises into their wise and serious Consid- 
eration, and grant what other Allowance more than the Establishment 
by Law, shall to them seem meet, for his aforesaid Sen-ice. Read, 
and in Answer to this Petition. Resolved, That over and above the 
Fifteen Pounds due to the Petitioner by Law, for recovering the said 
Scalp, and the good Services done this Province thereby, the Sum of 
Fifteen Pounds be allowed and Paid out of the Publick Treasury to 
the said Jacob Ames for his good Service as aforesaid. 

Sent up for Concurrence. 

Mr. Butler, in his History, gives the following version of 
this affair, which was gathered largely from grandchildren 
of the Ezra Farnsworth mentioned in it. The account was 
taken down in writing more than a hundred years after the 


occurrence of the event, which will explain any inaccuracies 
due to tradition. Mr. Butler refers the assault to a period 
much later than the actual fact: 

An Indian had been seen, for several days, lurking about the to\vn, 
it was conjectured, upon some ill design. Mr. -Ames, who lived on 
the intervale, on the west side of Nashua river, now owned by John 
Boynton, Esq., went into his pasture to catch his horse. Discovering 
the Indian, he ran for his house ; the Indian pursued and shot him 
as he entered his gate. The dead body prevented the gate's closing, 
as it would otherwise have done of itself, and the Indian pressed in 
to enter the house, where Ames had a son and daughter. The son 
seized his gun, and shot at him, as he entered the gate. The ball, 
striking the latch of the door, split, and one part of it wounded the 
Indian, but not severely. As the son attempted to close the door 
against the enemy, after the shot, the Indian thrust his foot in, and 
prevented. The son called to his sister to bring his father's gun 
from the bedside, and at the same time striking the Indian's foot 
with the breach of his gun, compelled him to withdraw it, and closed 
the door. While the Indian was in the act of reloading his gun, the 
young man found means to shoot through a crevice and killed him. 
Two men, at work about a mile distant in a mill, Ezra and Benjamin 
Farnsworth, hearing the reports of the guns, and suspecting the cause 
thereof, were soon at the place, aud found the bodies of Ames and 
the Indian both weltering in their blood. This is the last man killed 
by an Indian within the bounds of Groton. (Pages no, in.) 

Mr. Butler says, in his History (page 100), that " in the 
summer of 1723, one man was killed at Groton." I am in- 
clined to think that this allusion is to John Ames, as I can 
find no other authority for the statement. 

Governor Saltonstall, of Connecticut, writes from New 
London, under date of July 23, 1724, that the friendly 
Indians of that neighborhood seem inclined to hunt for 
scalps around Monadnock and the farther side of Dunstable 
and Groton. (Archives, LII. 23.) This was owing to an 
offer made about this time by the governments of Massachu- 
setts and New Hampshire, of a bounty of a hundred pounds 


for every Indian's scalp that should be taken and shown to 
the proper authorities. This expedient stimulated volunteers 
to scour the \vilderness for the purpose of hunting Indians; 
and Captain John Lovewell, of Dunstable, organized a com- 
pany, which soon became famous. 

The story of Lovewell's Fight was for a long time repeat- 
edly told in this neighborhood, and there is scarcely a person 
who has not from early infancy heard the particulars of 
that eventful conflict. It was in the spring of 1725 that 
Captain Lovewell, with thirty-four men, fought a famous 
Indian chief, named Paugus, at the head of about eighty 
savages, near the shores of a pond in Pequawket, now within 
the limits of Fryeburg, Maine, and known as Lovewell's 
Pond. Of this little Spartan band, seven belonged in 
this town; and one of them, John Chamberlain by name, 
distinguished himself by killing the Indian leader. 

The fullest account of the Fight is found in a pamphlet 
entitled, " Lovewell Lamented, or, a SERMON occasion'd by 
the Fall of the Brave Capt. John Lovewell and Several of his 
Valiant COMPANY, in the late Heroic Action at Piggwacket 
pronounc'd at Bradford, May 16 1725 By Thomas Synnnes, 
V.D.M." (Boston, 1725.) The sermon contains an historical 
preface, duly attested by three of the company, which gives 
many particulars of this ill-fated expedition. It includes a 
list of the men who took part in the fight, with the names of 
the killed and wounded. According to this list, the following 
Groton men were members of Lovewell's company, and present 
during the action : John Jefts, Daniel Woods, Thomas Woods, 
John Chamberlain, Elias Barren, John Gilson [Isaac Lakin?], 
Joseph Gilson; of whom Thomas Woods, Daniel Woods, 
and John Jefts were killed in the Fight, and Elias Barren, 
John Chamberlain, and John Gilson [Isaac Lakin?], wounded. 
It is stated by Mr. Symmes, in his preface, that Barron sub- 
sequently " strayed from the rest, and got over Ossipy River, 
by the side of which his Gun Case was found, & he has ner 


been heard of since." (Page viii.) Joseph Gilson was the 
only one of this quota who escaped injury. 

The first edition of the sermon was published on July i, 
and exhausted in a very few days. A second edition was 
issued about the middle of July, with a title-page somewhat 
changed from the original one, as follows: "Historical 
Memoirs Of the Late Fight at Piggwacket, with a SERMON 
Occasional by the Fall of the Brave Capt John Lovewell 
And Several of his Valiant Company ; in the late Heroic 
Action there. Pronounc'd at Bradford, May, 16. 1725 By 
THOMAS SVMMES, V.D.M. he eeond Edition Corrected." 
(Boston, 1725.) In this edition the running title of "An 
Historical PREFACE " is changed to " Memoirs of the Figlit 
at Piggwacket." A few corrections are made; in the list 
both of the soldiers and of the wounded, the name of Isaac 
Lakin is given in the place of John Gilson's. 

Captain Lovewell, the commander of the company, was a 
brave officer and a noted man. He was at this time in the 
prime of life, and ambitious to distinguish himself. He had 
previously led two successful expeditions against the Indians, 
and his very name inspired confidence. Only a few weeks 
before, his second expedition had returned to Dover, New 
Hampshire, where he made a triumphal entry at the head of 
his company. They bore ten Indian scalps stretched on 
hoops, and were received with great joy and excitement; 
thence they proceeded to Boston, where they were paid a 
large bounty by the government. The following Groton 
men were members of the company which went on this 
second expedition : Jacob Ames, Ephraim Farnsworth, 
Reuben Farnsworth, Benjamin Parker, Samuel Shattuck, 
Samuel Tarbell, and Henry Willard. Throughout New 
England, Lovewell's daring was made the subject of talk, 
and the public looked to him as a natural leader in border 

It was " about the \6th of April, 1725," says Mr. Symmes, 


in the preface to his sermon, " that the Brave LOVEWELL 
began his March from Dunstablc to Piggwacket, with Forty- 
Six Men under his Command." 

WHEN they 'd Travell'd a little way, Toby, an Indian falling 
Lame, was oblig'd to return, with great Reluctancy. 

WHEN they came as far as Contoocook, one Win. Cummins of 
Dunstable was so disabl'cl by a Wound he 'd Receiv'd from the 
Enemy some time before, that the Capt. dismiss'd him, with a Kins- 
man of his to accompany him. 

THEN they Travell'd as far as Ossipy, and there one Benjamin 
Kiddcr of Nutfield [now Londonderry, New Hampshire,] falling 
Sick ; the Capt. made a Halt, and tarried while they built a small 
Fortification, for a place of Refuge to repair too, if there should be 
Occasion. Here he left his Doctor, a Serjent and Seven other Men, 
to take care of Kiddcr, and of a Considerable Quantity of Provision, 
here left to lighten the Men, and facilitate their March ; and for a 
Recruit upon their Return. 

WITH his Company now reduc'd to Thirty-Four Men with him- 
self, the Capt. Travell'd to Pigwacket, which is about Forty Miles from 
said Fort. 

THEIR names that made up this Company (excepting his that 
started from them in the beginning of the Battle, and ran back to the 
Fort, which I 'd be excus'd from mentioning) were as follow." 
(Pages ii. iii.) 

Here Mr. Symmes gives the names of the thirty-three men 
who were in the famous Fight, purposely omitting the one that 
ran away. It has since transpired that this soldier, who so 
ingloriously fled from the battle-field, was Benjamin Hassell, 
of Dunstable, a corporal in the company. (" History of 
Manchester, New Hampshire," by Chandler Eastman Potter, 
page 1 60.) 

With the small force now at his command, the heroic 
captain pressed forward to meet the enemy, and in a few 
days reached the borders of Saco Pond, since known as 
Lovewell's Pond, southeast of the present village of Frye- 


burg, Maine. On the morning of Saturday, May 8, while 
engaged at prayers they heard a gun, and shortly afterward 
discovered an Indian on a point of land which ran into the 
pond. They were distrustful of an ambush, and a consulta- 
tion was held in order to see whether they should advance or 
retreat. Their decision was to proceed at all hazards. They 
said : " We came out to meet the Enemy ; we have all 
along prayed GOD we might find 'em ; and we had rather 
trust Providence with our Lives, yea Dy for our Country, 
than try to Return without seeing them, if we may, and be 
called Cowards for our Pains." After this answer, Lovewell 
ordered his men to move forward cautiously ; and they soon 
reached a place where they halted and took off their packs, 
and piled them up together. Leaving these behind without 
a guard, and advancing a short distance, they came upon the 
Indian whom they had previously descried. He was return- 
ing to his companions with some game that he had killed. 
Several guns were instantly discharged at him, when he in 
turn fired and w r ounded Lovewell himself and another man ; 
after which he was killed and scalped. The company then 
turned back, and with their wounded leader repaired to the 
place where they had left their packs. In the mean while 
Paugus, the far-famed chief of the Pequawkets, at the head of 
eighty warriors on their way home from a marauding expe- 
dition, had discovered the pile of packs, and, counting them, 
had learned the number of the English. Finding that the 
force w r as much less than his own, Paugus placed his men in 
ambush and awaited the return of Lovewell. When the 
company came up for their packs, the Indians with hideous 
yells rushed forth suddenly from their hiding-places and 
began to fire. The brave captain ordered his men to return 
it, which was done with terrible effect. Lovewell himself fell 
at the first shot, and eight of his men soon shared the same 
fate. Ensign Wyman, of Woburn, then assumed the com- 
mand, and, perceiving that the Indians were trying to surround 


them, ordered a retreat to the pond, where he took his stand. 
A ledge of rock projecting into the water on one side of him, 
and a deep brook on the other, made a position favorable for 
defence. The fighting continued, and during the day the 
savages vainly endeavored to compel the valiant band to sur- 
render ; but they would not listen to the proposition. Paugus 
was slain in the action by John Chamberlain, of Groton. 
After the death of their chief, the Indians became somewhat 
disheartened, and for a time withdrew from the skirmish. 
Later in the day the combat was resumed, when, it is sup- 
posed, the enemy had received reinforcements, but with no 
decisive result. As night approached, they again withdrew, 
and left this little forlorn band masters of the field. About 
midnight the survivors, with the exception of three men 
mortally wounded and unable to travel, fell back and directed 
their course to the fort, where they expected to find their 
former companions ; but in this they were sadly disappointed. 
It seems that, at the beginning of the fight, a member of the 

O O O 

company, escaping, made his way to the fort, and reported 
that Lovewcll and his men were all cut to pieces, which he 
may have believed. This was the man, Hassell, whose name 
Mr. Symmes carefully refrains from mentioning. Disap- 
pointed, at finding the fort abandoned, the survivors of this 
memorable command made their way back to the settlements 
as best they could, coming in at different places along the 
frontier line. 

The name of Lovewell at once became famous, and the 
story of this expedition was told in every household, and 
even in the pulpit. It was made the subject of ballads, 
which were sung at the family firesides, and excited the 
popular heart with the memory of the brave and adventurous 
leader. Peace aT^ followed the action at Pequawket, and 


deep and sincere was the public feeling at its restoration. 

Judge Potter, in his " History of Manchester, New Hamp- 
shire " (page 160), gives the names of the nine men left with 


Kidder in the fort at Ossipee. Among them is that of John 
Gilson, of Groton, who is mentioned incorrectly in the first 
edition of Symmes's Sermon, as one of the soldiers taking 
part in the Fight. T/his shows that he belonged to the origi- 
nal company, and started out on the expedition. The two 
Gilsons from this town were cousins. 
It is related in Symmes's Sermon : - 

SOME of the Indians holding up Ropes, ask'd the English if 
they 'd take Quarter, but were Answer'd Briskly, they 'd have none 
but at the Muzzle of their Guns. (Page vii.) 

The savages had learned at this period that it was better 
financially for themselves to carry prisoners to Canada, and 
sell them to the French, than to slay them in battle ; and 
for this reason they would rather capture than kill their 
enemy. The reference to holding up ropes means tying 
them with ropes and taking them away as prisoners, instead 
of massacring them. 

The following account of the killing of the Indian sachem 
has come down to the present generation both as written 
history and tradition. The story goes that some time dur- 
ing the day John Chamberlain went to the pond to wash 
out and cleanse his musket, which by continual firing had 
become foul. While thus engaged he spied the old chief, 
whom he knew personally, a short distance off, doing the 
same thing to his gun. A challenge was at once given and 
taken, each confiding in his own dexterity. Paugus had 
nearly finished loading his piece, and was priming it from the 
powder-horn, when Chamberlain struck the breach of his own 
gun on the ground, causing it to prime itself, and in this way 
got the start of his Indian foe. He at once fired, and the 
bullet passed through Paugus's heart, just as the old chief 
was aiming at him. 

A third edition of Symmes's Sermon was printed in the 
year 1799, at Fryeburg, Maine, within two miles of the 


battle-field. It was edited by Elijah Russell, then publishing 
" Russell's Echo " newspaper in that town. The account of 
the Fight is substantially the same as that given by Mr. 
Symmes, though there is some additional matter. 

It is said that Indians are wont to avenge the death of their 
slain kindred ; and stories are told of their coming to Gro- 
ton, during the last century, in order to wreak their revenge 
on Chamberlain. Such accounts may not be authentic, but 
they are characteristic of the times in which they are said 
to have occurred, and perhaps have some foundation in fact. 
An attempt has been made in modern times to take from 
Chamberlain the credit of killing the Indian chief, but the 
earlier records and traditions seem to confirm the story. 
After a careful examination of the whole subject, I am led 
to believe that the weight of evidence is in its favor. The 
following incidents relating to Chamberlain are mentioned 
in the account of Lovewell's Eight, which appears in connec- 
tion with the third edition of Symmes's Sermon. Through- 
out the pamphlet Mr. Russell, the editor, writes the name 
" Lovell," which spelling is in accordance with the 

Several of the Indians, particularly ^Hntps their Chief, were well 
known to LOVELL'S men, and frequently conversed with each other 
during the Engagement. In the course of the Battle, jJangus and 
John Chamberlain discoursed familiarly with each other ; their guns 
had become foul, from frequent firing ; they washed their guns at the 
pond, and the latter assured Paugus that he should kill him ; Paugus 
also menaced him, and bid defiance to his insinuations : when they 
had prepared their guns, they loaded and discharged them, and Paugus 

A son of Paugus. after it had become a time of peace, went to 
Dunstable [Groton?], to revenge his father's death, with the death of 
Chamberlain He did not go directly to Chamberlain's, but to the 
house of a neighbor, where he tarried several days, upon some pre- 
tended business, that his design might not be discovered ; his errand 
was however suspected, and a hint given to Chamberlain who cut a 


port-hole above his door, through which he very early one morning 
discovered an Indian behind his wood-pile, lying with his gun pointed 
directly to the door ; and it was supposed that the same musket which 
had conveyed the mean of death to the bosom of the great Paugus, 
also proved fatal to his son, as he was not afterwards heard of. 

It is also reported of this Chamberlain (who was a stout and a 
courageous man, and who used to say that he was not to be killed 
by an Indian), that he was once fired at by an Indian, as he was at 
work in a saw mill, at night ; he was in a stooping position, and did 
not discover the Indian till he fired, who was so near him that he 
immediately knocked him down with a crowbar, with which he was 
setting his log. (Pages 23, 24.) 

Charles James Fox, in his " History of the old Township 
of Dunstable " (Nashua, New Hampshire, 1846), says: 

An Indian once called on Chamberlain at his saw-mill, intending to 
way-lay him on his return homeward at nightfall, through the forest. 
It was a time of peace, but Chamberlain suspected the character of 
his pretended friend, and the motive of his visit. While engaged in 
his work, he invited the Indian to examine the wheelpit, and seizing 
the opportunity, knocked him on the head with a handspike without 
compunction. (Pages 133, 134.) 

The following tale from a story-book is founded on one of 
the visits said to have been made by a son of Paugus, in 
order to avenge his father's death, and contains evidently 
many inaccuracies both in regard to time and place : - 

The old French war was over. The banners of England had long 
streamed above the towers of Quebec. The Indians had left the 
lakes and woods of New Hampshire, for the broader waters, and 
deeper forests, of Canada and the west. Time had tamed the iron 
sinews of the rangers, untamable by any other enemy, or they were 
sleeping " each in his narrow cell forever laid." Where the red man 
once roamed after the moose, prowled upon the scout, or lighted the 
council fire, now stood the infant village, and the peaceful neighbor- 
hood. The water-fall at whose roaring foot the Indian once darted 
his nide spear into the salmon, or hooked the trout upon his curved 


bit of bone, now turned the wheel of the clumsy grist-mill, whither 
the jogging farmer brought his "rye and Indian," over moss and hill, 
and through bush and swamp, in safety. The congregations, as they 
gathered together " at meeting," no longer brought their charged guns 
to the house of worship, or feared that the prayers of their minister 
would be interrupted by the war-whoop. Of Lovell's men, scarcely a 
survivor remained of the few that lived through the desperate fight, at 
Pequawket. Chamberlain was still alive. He was an old grey-headed 
man. He had long given over hunting, and peace had changed his 
war spear into an implement of husbandry ; of all his hunting and 
fighting years, nothing remained to him but the gun that killed Paugus 
at Lovell's pond, and the bullet pouch and yellow powder horn, cov- 
ered over with Indian devices, which were the spoil of the savage in 
that terrible encounter. These he had preserved with an old man's 
care. His cottage, from which went up the solitary smoke that caught 
the eye of Lovell and his men, now was the centre of a considerable 
hamlet. A wild stream ran past it, and, a little way below it, tumbled 
down a fall, upon which stood one of the rude saw- mills of that day, 
and old Chamberlain, once the swift hunter and the strong and proud 
warrior, was now the humble owner, and more humble tender. He 
had survived his wife and his children. Few of his neighbors ven- 
tured to be familiar with him, on account of the stern peculiarity of his 
character ; and he passed his days in solitude, except such association 
as men had with him in his humble vocation. 

In the year I777, 1 towards the close of one of those fair days in 
autumn, which make up the " Indian summer," a number of the vil- 
lagers of P , had gathered into their one-story tavern, to talk over 

their little politics, as they were wont, when they were surprised and 
startled by the entrance of a young Indian among them. An Indian, 

at that time, had got to be a rarity in P , He was tall, over six 

feet, and finely formed, after the fashion of the forest. He had a belt 
of wampum around his waist, and from it hung his tomahawk. A 
long gun was in his hand, and he stood in moccasins, with the grace 
and dignity of the son of a chief. He placed his gun behind the 
door, and silently took his seat by himself. A little before sunset the 
farmers left the inn and returned to their homes. One old hunter 

1 It could not have been so late, by many years. 


remained with the landlord and the young savage. The hunter eyed 
the Indian with keen attention, his suspicions were awakened at the 
sight of this warrior, armed, so remote from the residence of the near- 
est tribe, and in a time of peace. He was acquainted with the 
Indians in the old wars, and his suspicions were heightened and con- 
firmed, when he heard the young chief ask the landlord, in a low and 
indifferent tone, if " one Chamberlain dwelt in the village." The land- 
lord pointed out to him the mill, where the old man labored, and the 
cottage where he dwelt. The Indian took his gun and went out. 

" Some of the blood of old Paugus," said the hunter, " and, I '11 
venture my life, come to avenge the death of that chief upon Cham- 
berlain. I '11 give the old man warning." He hastily stepped out, and 
following a winding path, that led down to the saw-mill, where the old 
man was still at his toils, he reached the mill, and told Chamberlain, 
that young Paugus, from Canada, had come with his rifle and toma- 
hawk to avenge upon him the death of that chief. Chamberlain's 
cheek turned ashy pale, and he sternly replied, " tell young Paugus I 
have the gun that slew his father, and he had far better return to his 
forest than molest me in my old age ; " as he spoke, he pointed 
to his long gun as it hung upon prongs of the moose horn, driven 
into the saw-mill plate, and near it was suspended the bullet-pouch 
and powder-horn of Pequawket. The hunter had given his warning 
and retired. The sun was setting to the south of Moosehillock. 
Chamberlain took down his gun, tried his flint. charged it, took 
the pouch and horn and flung them upon his side, hung up near the 
saw-gate the old garment he had worn at work through the day, 
hoisted the gate of the mill and set it rapidly agoing, looked keenly 
around him, in every direction, and retired to an eminence a few rods 
distant, crowned with a clump of thick bushes, and crouched down 
to await the approach of his mysterious enemy. He was not, how- 
ever, mysterious to Chamberlain. The old man remembered every 
trait in the Indian character, and calculated with great accuracy as to 
the time and manner of Paugus's advance. Just as it was growing too 
dusky to distinguish a human form, except towards the west, the old man 
descried him creeping cautiously from a bunch of bushes, eight or ten 
rods above the mill, by the torrent, with his cocked rifle before him, 
and his hand upon the lock. The young savage heard the noise of the 
saw-frame, and could discern it in rapid motion, and shrunk back into 


the thicket. He came out again, a little distance from where he went 
in, and, with the wary motions of the ambush, reconnoitered the mill. 
Chamberlain marked him all the while, as the catamount eyes the fox. 
Young Paugus came out of the bushes the third time, and in a new 
quarter, and was stealthily advancing, when something seemed to 
catch his eye in the form of his father's slayer he stopped short 
brought his rifle to his eye, and, with quick aim, fired. The re- 
port rung sharp and low upon the still air, as if the gun itself were 
muffled, or afraid to speak above its breath. Young Paugus crept 
out upon a mill log, that extended over the rapid, and stretching 
himself up to his full height, as if to ascertain, without advancing, 
the success of his shot. The old man could spare him no longer. 
He saw the well-remembered form of the old Pequawket chief, as the 
young savage stood against the sky of the west, which was still red with 
the rays of the sunken sun. He levelled the fatal gun it blazed 
young Paugus leaped into the air six feet, as the ball whistled through 
his heart and his life^ss body fell far down into the rapid, that 
foamed below him, while his vengeful spirit fled and mingled with that 
sterner one, which parted long before at Lovewell's pond, in 

" The land where their fathers had gone." 

Chamberlain returned slowly and gloomily to his cottage. 

The next morning a bullet hole through the centre of the old gar- 
ment he had hung at the saw-frame, admonished him, that the aim, as 
well as the vengeance of old Paugus, had descended to his sons ; and 
as he mused upon those he had slain, and reflected, that although he 
was old, he still might have again to lift his gun against the blood of 
Paugus. or himself fall by their avenging hand, he wished bitterly, that 
some other bullet than his own had slain that renowned chief, and 
that they had never met to quench their battle thirst, and scour out 
their foul guns, upon the shore of Lovewell's pond. 

[Caleb Butler's " History of Groton," pages 108-110.] 

John Chamberlain, the surviving hero of Lovewell's Fight, 
was the son of Thomas and Elizabeth Chamberlain, of 
Chclmsford, where he was born March-S* sa. 29, 1692. The 
father was a carpenter and miller, who afterward removed to 
Groton, and lived about a quarter of a mile northerly of 


Wattle's Pond, on the left-hand side of the road to Hollis. 
He is supposed to have died about the year 1709. After the 
Fight the son was known as " Paugus John," and bore that 
name through life. He owned a mill, situated near Brown 
Loaf, on a small stream formed by the confluence of Mar- 
tin's Pond Brook, and another, now called Paugus Brook. 
His death took place about the year 1758. 

If ever young Paugus came to Groton in order to avenge 
his father's death, and it seems very evident from tradition 
that he did, it was undoubtedly at this place. Furthermore, 
there is a deep hole in Paugus Brook, known as Paugus's Hole, 
wherein it is said that Chamberlain sunk the body of the 
Indian, after he had killed him. 

Many other stories about the Indians have come down by 
tradition, and some of them are probably true. The follow- 
ing one, told me by Mr. Charles Woolley, relates to Isaac 
Lakin, one of Lovewell's men, and has never before appeared 
in print. 

Lakin lived in a log-house near the Nashua River, in the 
north part of the town. The house had no glass windows, 
but had shutters instead, and a door that swung on wooden 
hinges. One day an Indian was seen lurking about the 
house, and hiding behind the stumps, apparently bent on 
mischief. Lakin seized his gun, and, standing at a crack in 
the shutters, told his wife to swing the door so that it would 
creak on its hinges. Hearing the noise, and seeing the door 
open, the Indian sprang from behind a stump, and started for 
the house, when Lakin fired and shot him dead. Seeing 
no signs of other Indians, after dark he dug a hole and 
buried him. 

The following letter shows the feeling of security which 
prevailed in this neighborhood soon after Lovewell's expe- 
dition. It is unsigned, but in the handwriting of Josiah 
Willard, the Secretary of the Province : 



The Enemy being drawn off & the Season of Danger pretty 
well over, You must forthwith see that the Soldiers in the Frontiers be 
reduced to the following Numbers ; Viz, Twenty five Men at Dunstable 
& Dracut, Ten at Turkey Hills, Fourteen at Groton, Fourteen at Lan- 
caster, Twenty five at Rutland & ten at Brookfield, & That all the 
Rest of the Soldiers in the Counties of Middlesex & Essex Including 
L Brentnals Scouts be forthwith disbanded : And the several officers 
are required to put these Orders in Execution accordingly. 

Oct. 20, 1725. 

[Massachusetts Archives, LXXII. 263.] 

Dummer's War, or Lovcwell's War, as it is sometimes 
called, ended early in the year 1/26 ; and peace again 
reigned along the frontier borders. There was a respite of 
hostilities during a considerable period, and the outlying set- 
tlements grew in number as well as population. 

The General Court allowed, June 17, 1/25, the sum of .30 
to the family of Ellis or Elias Barren, of Groton, who got lost 
after the action, and never was found. According to a peti- 
tion in the printed Journal of the House of Representatives, 
December 21, 1726, his widow's name was Priscilla. 

Eleazer Davis, of Concord, who was in the famous Fight, 
subsequently removed to the town of Harvard, which was 
made up in part of Groton, and incorporated on June 29, 
1732. In the Journal of the House of Representatives, June 
15, 1738, is entered : - 

A Petition of Eleazer Daris of Harvard in the County of Worces- 
ter, praying the Consideration of the Court on Account of his Suffer- 
ings and Services, particularly the Wounds and Smarts received in 
the Fight under the Command of the late Capt. Lovcwell, against the 
Indian Enemy at Pigwacket. 

Read and Ordered, That John Russell, and Robert Hale, Esqrs ; 
Mr. Moodey, and Mr. Terry, be a Committee to consider the said 
Petition, and report what may be proper to be done thereon. 


On the following day Mr. Russell, the chairman of the 
Committee, reported an order that : 

the Sum of four Pounds per Annum of the new tenor Bills, be 
granted and allowed to be paid out of the publick Treasury for the 
space of five Years to the Petitioner Eleazer Davis, to commence 
from the first Day of this Instant June, by way of Stipend or Pension, 
on Account of the Wounds and Smart received as within mentioned. 

In the same Journal, June 16, 1738, is recorded: - 

A Petition of Josiah Sartell, shewing that he was a Soldier in the 
Service of the Province for sundry Years, and was in divers Fights 
against the Indian Enemy, wherein many of them were slain, and he 
himself was wounded in some of the Engagements, that he has re- 
ceived nothing in Consideration of his Smart and Services, but the 
established Pay, that he has a large Family, and under low Circum- 
stances : that he lately presumed for want of Lands and Means of 
purchasing, to go upon some of the Province Land on the West side 
of Connecticut River, adjoining to Northfield, a new Canada Town 
and some Farms, has built a small House thereon, and improved 
some of the Lands there, praying that he may obtain a Grant, or be 
allowed to purchase such Part of the Province Land there, as the 
Court shall think convenient in Consideration of the Premisses. Read 
and Ordered, That the Petition be considered on Tuesday the 2Oth 

It was voted, June 22, that one hundred acres of the un- 
appropriated lands of the Province be granted the petitioner ; 
and, in the record of this date, the name is spelled Joseph 
Sautell. It is now unknown when or where his term of service 
took place. 



Ix the year 1744 v/ar was again declared between England 
and France, called by the English colonists King George's 
War. Civilization had now pushed the belt of frontier towns 
far into the wilderness ; and Groton was no longer exposed 
to the assaults of the Indians, though at times threatened 
with danger. Her sons and soldiers, however, were still 
found, during this period, on the outer rim of settlements, 
whenever and wherever their services were needed, either to 
extend the borders or to defend them. A military organiza- 
tion was kept up in the town, ready for emergencies here, or 
elsewhere in the neighborhood. 

The first settlement of Charlestown, New Hampshire, 
then known as No. 4, was made in the year 1740, by three 
brothers, Samuel, David, and Stephen Farnsworth, natives of 
Groton ; and they were soon followed by Isaac Parker and 
his sons, and Obadiah Sawtell, also of this town. The Farns- 
worths were leading men at Charlestown, and they distin- 
guished themselves on several occasions in fights with the 
Indians. Samuel Farnsworth, the eldest brother, was killed 
in a skirmish, May 2, 1746. David was taken prisoner by a 


party of French Indians, April 20, 1757, and carried to 
Canada. He managed to escape, and reached home, not a 
long time probably after his capture. Stephen, the youngest 
brother, had also his bitter experience with the enemy. He 
was captured, April 19, 1746, and taken to Montreal, where 
he remained seventeen long months before he was exchanged. 
His health was so broken down by the hardships of his cap- 
tivity that he never fully regained it. He died September 6, 
1771, leaving behind the reputation of a brave man and a 
good citizen. 

Ebenezer Farnsworth, a native of Groton, and a kinsman 
of the three brothers just mentioned, was captured, August 
30, 1754, by the St. Francis Indians, at Charlestown. He 
was carried to Montreal and held a prisoner during three 
years. His ransom was paid in the summer of 1755, but he 
was not then set at liberty. Mrs. Susanna Johnson and her 
sister, Miriam Willard, were taken at the same time. 
They were both daughters of Moses Willard, who had for- 
merly lived in the south part of this town. A full account of 
the affair is given in " A Narrative of the Captivity of Mrs. 
Johnson," published at Walpole, New Hampshire, in 1796. 
Two years later, on June 18, 1756, Moses Willard, the father, 
was killed by the Indians, at Charlestown ; and in the same 
attack his son, Moses, Jr., had a narrow escape from death 
by the hands of the savages, being severely wounded at the 

Lieutenant Isaac Parker was taken by the Indians at the 
same time with Stephen Farnsworth, and remained in cap- 
tivity until the following winter, when he was returned to 
Boston under a flag of truce. 

The Sawtell family is also largely represented in Charles- 
town, where the name is now spelled Sartwell. It is a numer- 
ous family in that town, and they sprang from the early settler, 
Obadiah, who went from Groton. He, too, had a sad ex- 
perience in savage warfare, and once was captured by the 


Indians. He was taken by them, May 24, 1/46, and remained 
a prisoner until August 20, 1747. lie finally met his death 
at their hands, June 17, 1749, being attacked while ploughing 
in his corn-field, unsuspicious of any danger. 

Charles Holden, Isaac Holden, and Seth Walker, natives 
of Groton, were early settlers and proprietors of Charlestown. 
Moses Wheeler was another pioneer, and a distinguished sol- 
dier, taking part in some of the fiercest encounters of the 
French and Indian War. He was a large man, and noted for 
his strength. He was called by the Indians " the strong 
man." Moses Willard, Isaac Fanvell, and Micah Fuller, 
other settlers, were also from this town. Eleazer Priest, son 
of Joseph Priest, of Groton, and a soldier, was captured by 
the Indians, March 15, 1748, at Charlestown, and died at 
Louisburg, Nova Scotia, in September of that year, while 
on his way home. 

In the year 1746 Charlestown was deserted on account of 
the Indians, and the retiring inhabitants took up their abode 
mostly in Groton, Lunenburg, and Leominster. Many of the 
facts concerning this frontier settlement in the Connecticut 
Valley, I have found in the " History of Charlestown, New- 
Hampshire, the Old No. 4," written by the Reverend Henry 
H. Saunderson, and published in the year 1876. 

During King George's War, alarms in New England were 
sometimes caused by the presence of French vessels along 
the coast. In the early autumn of 1746 an attack on Boston 
was threatened by the Duke d'Anville's fleet ; and it is said 
that more than eight thousand men under arms rushed at 
short notice to the defence of the capital. Among these sol- 
diers was a company from Groton, under the command of 
Captain William Lawrence. The alarm was of short dura- 
tion, and the term of service on the part of the men corre- 
spondingly short, ranging from two to twelve days. The 
muster-roll of the company during this brief period is now 
in the possession of Mr. James Lawrence Bass, of Boston ; and 


I am indebted to his courtesy for a copy of it. Mr. Bass is a 
great-great-grandson of Captain Lawrence, and the roll has 
come down with other family papers. The list of officers 
was : 

William Lawrence, captain, 

James Prescott, lieutenant, 

John Woods, lieutenant, 

Obadiah Parker, sergeant, 

Hezekiah Sawtell, sergeant, 

Amos Lawrence, sergeant, 

William Prescott, clerk, 

John Pratt, corporal, 

Joseph Page, corporal, 

Israel Hobart, corporal, 

Jonathan Longley, sentinel. 

Captain Lawrence lived on the west side of the present 
Main Street, just north of James's Brook, and always took a 
prominent part in the affairs of the town. He was a son of 
John and Anna (Tarbell) Lawrence, was born August 11, 
1697, and married Susanna, one of the eight daughters of 
Jonas Prescott. Captain Lawrence subsequently became the 
colonel of his regiment, and during many years represented 
the town in the General Court. He was an older brother of 
Sergeant Amos Lawrence, the ancestor of several distinguished 

Lieutenant James Prescott was a son of Benjamin and 
Abigail (Oliver) Prescott, and born on January 13, 1/20 i. 
Through his aunt Susanna he was a nephew of the company 
commander ; and by his own subsequent marriage to a cousin, 
he became a son-in-law of the same officer. During a long 
life he was much engaged in public affairs ; and in the militia 
he passed through all the grades of office from ensign to 
colonel. He was the elder brother of the company clerk, 
who in later years became distinguished as the commander 
of the American forces at the Battle of Bunker Hill. At this 


time William Prescott was only twenty years old, and this 
episode in his career was his earliest military experience. 
His term of service was five days, for which he received 
the sum of five shillings and tenpence, as his signature on 
the back of the roll shows. The other officers were well- 
known men of recognized ability. The list of privates in the 
company was : 

Amos Holdin 
James Burt 
Sam" Scripture Jn r 
Ebenezer Farnsworth Jn r 
Joseph Farwell Jn r 
David Sawtell Jn r 
John Preist 
Thomas Lawrence 
Ambros Lakin 
Benj a Page 
William Bush 
Oliver Farnsworth 
Oliver fanvell 
Isaac Peirce 
Samuel Nichols 
Benjamin Chase 
Amos Robinson 
Ruben Woods 
William Simonds 
John Sawtell 
Mathias Farnsworth 
Zechariah Sawtell 
Benj 1 Davis 
Josiah Farnsworth 
Sam" Kemp 
Isaac Green 
Jonathan Green 
Sam" farwell 
James Hartwell 

James Tarbell 
Zecheriah Longley 
John White Jn r 
Benj: 1 Steward 
John Harris 
William Tucker 
Stephan Johnson 
John Whitman 
Nathaniel White 
Abial Stone 
John Farwell 
John Edwards Jn r 
Sam" Tenney 
Thomas Curtis 
Joseph Blanchard Jn r 
Thomas Powers 
Jonathan Patch 
Eleazor Wood 
Oliver Corey 
Oliver Whitcomb 
Sam" Hore 
Lemuel Barret 
Robart Chapin 
Josiah Hasting 
Jonathan Parker 
Bennet Wood 
William Warrin 
Simon Davis Jn r 
David Powers Jn r 


Nathan Hartwell Simon Blanchard 

Jonathan Nutting Abel Jewett 

Nathaniel Woods Robert Robins Jn r 

John Tarbell Ephrain Philbrek 

Receipts for service are in existence which seem to show 
that this muster-roll was incomplete. Some of the men were 
from Littleton and others from Lancaster. Private Thomas 
Lawrence, who was a nephew of the Captain, subsequently 
served with great credit during the French and Indian \Yar 
as a commissioned officer, and lost his life in a skirmish with 
the Indians at Half-way Brook, near Lake George, on July 20, 

In the Journal of the House of Representatives, April 22, 
1746, is found "A Petition of William Tarbell of Groton, a 
Soldier wounded in the Service of the Province, praying a 
Consideration therefor." The petitioner belonged to the 
same family as the Tarbell children who were carried off to 
Canada, and was probably their nephew. 

In the summer of 1747 a body of Indians made their 
appearance within the limits of Fitchburg, and committed 
various acts of depredation. Attacking the garrison of John 
Fitch, early one morning, they killed two soldiers ; and, burn- 
ing the house, carried off as prisoners Fitch and his wife, with 
their four children. An alarm was at once given, and Rufus 
C. Torrey, in his History of Fitchburg (1865), says: - 

Soldiers arrived in an incredibly short period, from Groton, Lan- 
caster, and even from Westford. They immediately put themselves 
under the command of Major Hartwell, and started in pursuit. They 
had not proceeded far beyond the smoking ruins of the garrison, 
before they discovered a paper stuck in the bark of a tree. This 
contained a request, signed by Fitch, not to have his friends pursue 
him ; for the Indians had given him to understand what his destiny 
was to be if they were not molested ; but if they should be pursued, 
and likely to be overtaken, then they should forthwith kill him, together 
with his wife and children. The soldiers, on the receipt of this, returned. 
(Page 49.) 


Scouting parties went out, from time to time, as occasion 
required, in order to reconnoitre the country and protect the 
neighborhood. They were made up largely of men used to 
hardships and fond of adventure, who were training in a good 
school for future service. Some of the most efficient soldiers 
during the Revolutionary War received the rudiments of their 
military education at this period. 

Near the end of King George's War, the town was again 
threatened with danger; and a company of thirty-two men, 
under the command of Captain Thomas Tarbell, scouted in 
this vicinity for six days in July, 1748, but they do not appear 
to have discovered the enemy. A few days afterward another 
company, of thirty-six men, was sent on a similar expedition, 
but with no better success. In the rolls of these two com- 
panies are many nam'es prominent in the annals of the town 
from its very beginning. Among them are the Prescotts, the 
Lawrences, the Shattucks, the Ameses, the Bancrofts, the 
Shepleys, the Parkers, a son of the Reverend Mr. Bradstreet, 
and a grandson of the Reverend Mr. Hobart. 

A List of the Names of the men that Scouted In the woods In July 
last under the comand of Cap! Tho" Tarbell of Groton & the Number 
of I )ays the ware In s ' Service 

We Set out yf 7 Day & : Returned y e i^ Except Jacob Ames who 

was Taken sick & Returned back y? 2'.' Day 
Groton Get; 21"; 1748 

attest THO^ LAWRENCE Cler. 

Liu Eleazer Green Sam u Kemp Ju r 

Ensighn Stephen Holden Jona^ Shattuck Ju' 

Sarga' John Page John Gilson Jill 

Serg. Simon Pearce Joseph Patterson 

Sam 1 ! Shattuck Ju r Timothy Mores 

James Shattuck Neb? Jewett 

Eleazer Tarbell Edm? Bancroft 

Jonathan Holden Isaac Holden 

Elias Ellett Pilott Jerah' Powers 


John Shattuck Nath? Smith 

Moses Woods Jona! Lawrence 

Tho? Lakin Henry Jefts 

John Keemp Aaron Woods 

Jona" Sartell Jacob Ames 

Moses Blood Eleazer Green Ju' 

Henrey Farwell John Parker Ju[ 

also by the authority a fore sd on the 28th of July I marched in to 
The- wilderness in quest of the Enemy with The men whose Names 
are hear after written and Returned the 29 Day : and we found our 
Selues both preuision and amanision both Times. 

John Bulkely Jonas Parker 

James Prescott Ruben Woods 

John Gilson Jonathan Lawrance 

Dudley bradstreet Jeremiah hobart 

Jeremiah Shattuck Isaac Lakin Jun 1 

William Nutting Joseph bennett 

Tho s Lawrance Joseph Chandler 

Isaac Green Isaac Patch Jun r 

Jos. Sheeple John Nutting Jr 

Tho s Woods Jonathan prescot 

Joseph Parker Daniel Pollard 

Nathaniel Parker Ebenezer Lakin 

W- bennett Peter Parker 

Nathaniel Shattuck Sam" bowers 

Ezekiel Nutting Tho s Chamberlin 

Joseph Gilson Ebenezer blood 

Isaac Gilson Nathaniel Davis Jun r 

James fisk Josiah Sartell clerk 


Nouember io th 1748 this may Certifie that the Cap 1 and men 
within mentioned ware sent oute by me and by Co" Willards order 
Directed to me : 


[Massachusetts Archives, XCII. 156.] 


Daniel Farmer, a Groton soldier, was taken prisoner, July 
14, 1748, in a skirmish with the Indians, near Fort Dummer. 1 
He was carried to Canada, and kept till the following October, 
when he was allowed to return home. 

Fort Dummer was situated on the west bank of the Con- 
necticut River, in the present town of Brattleborough, Ver- 
mont. Two of its early commanders had been connected 
with Groton by the ties of kindred. Colonel Josiah Willard, 
for many years in command of the Fort, was a grandson of 
the Reverend Mr. Willard ; and he was succeeded by Lieuten- 
ant Dudley Bradstreet, a son of the Reverend Mr. Bradstreet, 
and a native of this place. 

Jonathan Nutting, whose petition is found in the Journal 
of the House of Representatives, June 9, 1755, and herewith 
given, was undoubtedly a Groton man : 

A Petition of Jonathan Nutting, a Soldier at St. George's Fort, 
representing the Difficulties he is reduced to by Reason of the great 
Charge he was at in a long Sickness which befell him in the Year 
1751; and praying for such Allowance out of the public Treasury for 
his Relief, as may be judged reasonable. 

Joseph Gilson, whose application for an allowance appears 
in the same Journal, January 11, 1/60, and is here printed, 
was probably the soldier who served in Captain Lovewell's 
expedition to Pequawket, during the spring of 1725 : 

A Petition of Joseph Gilson of Groton, representing his Services 
and Sufferings for his Country, praying a Compensation, for the 
Reasons mentioned. 

King George's War was brought to an end by the treaty 
of Aix-la-Chapelle, in the year 1748. 

1 Benjamin H. Hall's "History of Eastern Vermont." (Page 50.) 



IT was not many years after this period that another war 
broke out, known in America as the French and Indian War. 
It was the last and severest of the intercolonial struggles, and 
the Indians fought on each side, though mostly against us. 
The first conflict of arms took place in May, 1754, and the 
war continued until a treaty of peace was made in February, 
1763. Several expeditions were organized at different times, 
in which Groton men bore their part. 

Thomas Lawrence was the second lieutenant of a company, 
in an expedition up the Kennebec River during the summer 
of 1754. His subsequent career shows him to have been a 
brave man, a better fighter than speller, judging from the 
following petition on file at the State House : - 

Prouince of ~\ To His Exdency William Shear -ly Esq r Cap* Gen- 

the Massetuchsets C eral and Commandder in Chceff of s* Prouince 

and to the Honnorrable His Majesty's Counsel 

and House of Rcpresentaues Now Assembled at 

Boston the 30'* of October A : D : 1754 

The Pertision of Thomas Larrance of Groton in the County of 

Humbly Shueth that you pertisener Chearfully Ingaged in the Ex- 
peditision Wich hath ben performed to the Eastward up Cenebeck 
Riuer and Went in the Copasety of a Second LeP in the Company 


under the Command of Cap' Humphry Hobbs and alhvays Encleuered 
to pcrfourme Euery Command according to the best of His Powar 
and after His Return from the Long march up Cenebeck Riuer your 
Petisionner was called upon to Asist in raiseng of a block House at 
Fert Hallefax Wich he ded and in Laying Down one of the plank it 
being too Heauy for Him it gaue His Back a sudden Rinch Wich 
I often Feel the Effects of to this Day and fear shall as Long as I live 
and soon after was Taiken With a slow feaver Wich is Now more than 
six Weakes and it is Now Fiue Weaks next Saterday since I Landded 
at Boston and was carred to M rs Sharrows Whare I Have Laid Euer 
since but Now throw the Graite goodness of God am Gott so Well as 
to Indeuer to Ride Home in a Chair if I had one, and by Reason 
of this Long and Tedious sickness hath ocationed Graite Expence as 
may Apear by the Accompts Hear unto annexe!. Whearfore I humbly 
Pray your Exelancy and Honnours to Grant such Releaf in the prem- 
eses as in your Graite Wisdom and Goodness you shall see meet and 
your pertisinour as in Duty Bound shall euer Pray 

[Massachusetts Archives, LXXIV. 258.] 

Two days afterwards the sum of 11 io.y. *jd. was allowed 
the petitioner out of the public treasury. The bill of his 
physician, Gillarn Tayler, was 2 6s. ^d., and that of his land- 
lady, Mary Sharrow, .59 I is. 6d., old tenor, equivalent to 
/ iSs. iod., lawful money. 

Fort Halifax was situated on the east side of the Kennebec 
River, within the present limits of Winslow, Maine. This 
town was incorporated in the year 1/71, arid so named after 
General John Winslow, who was in command of the expedition 
sent to that region when the fort was built. 

Henry Woods was in the same expedition, and his petition 
is as follows : 

"} 77? his Excellency William Shirlev Esq r Cap'. Gcn- 
Province of the f j ^i , < 

,, , -r, eral Lrovernour ana Commander tn Chief in & 

Massachusetts Bay ( 

Over Province 

To the Hon''! c his Majesties Council and House of Representatives 
assembled at Boston Feb r ? 5'!' 1755 


The Petition of Henry Woods of Groton In the County of Midds* 
Humbly shevveth that your Petitioner Enlisted himself to go (the sum- 
mer past) in the Expedition to the Eastward on Kenebeck River ; & 
always faithfully Perform'd what service I was call'd For, But about 
the beginning of Sepl last, was Taken sick att Fort Hallifax, (with the 
nervous Feaver) & Lay there about ninety Days ; So' bad a Consid- 
erable Part of the Time That Life almost dispair'd of. But Thro : 
Divine Goodness arriv'd at Boston the ninth of Dec[ Last : and was 
Carryed to M r . s Sherrows : and there Lay Confined by a Feaver-Sore 
(under the hand of Doc'. r Taylor) more Than a month and then 
Convey'd in a Chair to Groton not being able Ever since, to do an 
hours work, or walk about the House without something to lean 

May it Please Your Excellency : & Hon rs Your Petitioner would 
Crave Leave to inform you, That Clafford S: Hambleton the Two men 
That nurs'd me at Hallifax Demanded of me Six Pounds and .Eight 
Slullings Lawful Money : Saying that Cap! Melvin Promis'd them so 
much p day as amounted to that sum. And when I arriv'd at Boston 
hearing that Cap' Melvin was dead : I then Gave them a Part in 
money, and a note of hand for the Remainder. 

M r f Sherrows Demands are about five Pounds fifteen Shillings. I 
have forgott, what Doc'. r Taylors ace' was ; But am Inform'd That your 
Excellency, and Hon7 were Pleas'd to allow his Ace' (upon my for- 
mer Petition) for which I give your Excellency and Hon rs hearty 
Thanks. Praying That you would be Pleased again to take under 
your Compassionate Consideration my Difficult & Distressing Circum- 
stances : and Grant such Relief as in your Great Wisdom & Goodness 
you may think Proper, and your Poor Distressed Petitioner as in Duty 
shall Ever Pray 


Groton Feb7 io'. h 1755 

[Massachusetts Archives, LXXIV. 330.] 

From the Journal of the House of Representatives, Janu- 
ary i, 1755, it appears that Woods had previously presented 
another petition. 

In answer to the second petition, he was allowed, February 
20, ^5 for his nurses before he came to Boston, and the 
further sum of 5 os. "d. for his landlady. 


The chair mentioned in these petitions was a vehicle which 
long since passed out of use. It resembled a chaise with the 
top taken off, and was generally wide enough to carry two 

According to the same Journal, March 31, 1756, Woods 
made a third application for relief, one year later. It is as 
follows : 

A Petition of Henry Woods of Groton, in the County of Middlesex, 
setting forth, that being a Soldier in the Expedition to the River Ken- 
nebcck in the Year 1754, was taken sick, and by his long Confinement 
then contracted such Indisposition as has rendered him unable to 
Labour for his Support as heretofore ; that he was put to great Ex- 
pence thereby, and has received but a partial Allowance therefor ; and 
praying such further Relief under his distressed Circumstances, as 
shall be judged meet. 

Thomas Lawrence was the son of Thomas and Prudence 
Lawrence, and born at Groton, on September 3, 1720. He 
is said to have been a man of great size and strength. 
During the summer of 1758 he commanded a company be- 
longing to the force operating around Lake George ; and in 
the memorable skirmish at a place called Half-way Brook, 
July 20 of that year, he was killed, with four of his men : 
namely, Corporal Nehemiah Gould, Privates Abel Sawtell, 
Ebenezer Ames, and Stephen Foster. More than twenty 
soldiers were slain in the action, and all but one scalped by 
the savage allies of the French. The Reverend Samuel 
Sewall, in the Appendix to his " History of Woburn, Massa- 
chusetts " (page 550), prints the journal kept by Samuel 
Thompson, which gives a full account of the affair. 

Captain Lawrence lived in that part of Groton which is 
now Pepperell ; and on the departure of his company for 
the army, the Reverend Joseph Fmerson preached a sermon. 
It was delivered May 7, 1758, before " Capt. Thomas Law- 
rence, and Part of his Company of Soldiers : Before their 
going out into public Service." and afterward published. 


Like all discourses of that period it is purely doctrinal 
in its character, and contains not one word of interest to 
the present generation. It would have been easy for the 
author to have given some information about the various 
enlistments of the men, and a history of the company gen- 
erally; but on these points he is utterly silent. It may be 
said, however, in his behalf, that he was talking to them and 
not to us. 

Sergeant Oliver Lakin, of Captain Lawrence's company, 
was taken prisoner in the action at Half-way Brook, though 
he subsequently escaped. The following entry in regard to 
him is found in the Journal of the Massachusetts House of 
Representatives for January 10, 1760: - 

A Petition of Oliver Laken of Groton, in the County of Middlesex, 
shewing, that he was a Soldier in the Pay of the Province Anno 1758, 
and was on the 2Oth Day of July the same Year, Captivated by the 
Indian Enemy, suffered many & great Hardships, and was obliged to 
borrow a Sum of Money to purchase his Freedom from Captivity ; he 
therefore prays he may be allowed the Sum of Money he borrowed ; 
also the Charges of his Passage home, and a further Allowance for his 
Loss of Time and Sufferings &c. 

The answer to the petition is found two days later, in the 
proceedings of January 12, as follows: - 

The Committee appointed to consider the Petition of Oliver Lakin, 
Reported thereon. 

Read and accepted in Part, viz. Resolved, That the Sum of eight 
Pounds, be allowed and paid out of the public Treasury to William 
Lawrence, Esq ; for the Use of the Petitioner, in full Consideration 
for his Services and Sufferings therein mentioned. 

Sent up for Concurrence. 

The petitioner was a son of William and Miriam Lakin, and 
a great-grandson of Ensign John Lakin, one of the original 
proprietors of the town. 

The following letter, from Lieutenant Woods to his com- 
pany commander, is found in Miss Hemenway's "Vermont 


Historical Gazetteer" (IV. 1155, 1 156), and refers to Lakin's 
release from captivity : - 

To Captain Ephraim Wesson, Groton, in the Bay Government : 


August y e 1 2th, 1759. \ 

Sir : These with my regards to you and yours, are to let you 
know that I am in good health. 

Sir : To my great joy I received your letter, which informed 
me that you and all my friends were well ; also that Oliver Larkin 
[Lakin?] was returned from captivity, and the remarkable account of 
his getting home from the enemy. Give my compliments to said Oliver, 
and tell him that we are paying them for their old tricks. As fur the 
affairs among us, our employ is chiefly fatigue duty. Part of the army 
is at Crown Point, and part is at this place. \Ve are repairing this Fort 
with all expedition, and the rest of the army are building a new Fort 
at Crown Point. We hear that there is a party of men gone to lay 
out a road to No. 4 [now Charlestown, New Hampshire]. The 
army is very healthy, and our company are well that are at this place. 
So I conclude, and subscribe myself your well-wishing friend. 


In the Journal of the House of Representatives, June 13, 
1759, there is 

A Petition of David Sartweli of Groton, in the County of Middle- 
sex, setting forth that his Son Abel Sartweli, went forth in the Expe- 
dition against Canada the last Year; that near Half-Way-Brook (so 
called) he was in an Engagement with the Enemy, and killed ; that his 
Gun was then lost; he therefore prays the Stoppage may be taken 
off, and the Treasurer be directed to allow him the three Pounds 

Also in the same Journal, March 30, 1761, is 

A Petition of John Erriu, Junr. of Groton, a Soldier in the Year 
1758, setting forth, that he was wounded by the Enemy, and lost his 
Gun, praying for an Allowance for his Gun, &c. 

In the muster-roll of the company his name appears as 



Interesting papers, relating to Captain Lawrence's company, 
are now in the possession of General A. Harleigh Hill, of 
Groton, Vermont, a great-grandson of Captain Wesson, who 
succeeded to the command of the company after the unfor- 
tunate affair of July 2O, 1758. General Hill is the author of 
the chapter on " The History of the Town of Groton, in Cale- 
donia County," which appears in Miss A. M. Hemenway's 
" Vermont Historical Gazetteer," and gives many interesting 
facts about that town. Some of its early settlers were natives 
of Groton, Massachusetts ; and it was through them that the 
name of their birthplace was carried into the Green Moun- 
tain country. I wish to acknowledge my obligations to Gen- 
eral Hill for his kindness and courtesy, not only in furnishing 
copies of these papers, but in many other ways. Owing to 
the want of space, some of the sub-headings in the muster-roll 
and in the two " Returns " of the men enlisted are omitted 
in this printed copy. The papers are as follows : - 

A Muster-Roll of A. Company of Foot in his Majesty's Service, under 
the Command of Captain Thomas Lawrence from March 13. 1758. 
to July 20"' Then Captain Ephraim Wesson to November 30. 
1758, in A Regiment raised by the Province of the Massachusetts- 
Bay, for the Reduction of Canada, Whereof EBENEZER NICHOLS 
Esq. is Colonel Viz. 

Men's Names 


Of what 

Names of Fathers, & Mas- 
ters of Sons under Age, 
& Servants. 

Thomas Lawrence Esq 
Ephraim Wesson . . 

Captain . . 
First Lieut. . 
Captain . . 
Sec d Lieut. . 
First Lieut 
Ensign . . . 




Leonard Spaulding . . 

Joseph Far we 11 . . . 
Ditto .... 

Henry Woods . . . 

Serjant . . 
Ensign . . . 
Second Lut . 




Men's Names 


Of what 

Names of Fathers, & Mas- 
ters of Sons under Age, 
& Servants. 

Xathaniel Lakin . . . 

Serjant . 


Oliver Wright . . . 

Do. . . . 


Oliver Lakin .... 

Do. . . . 


Oliver Parker .... 

Corp! . . . 



Serjant . 


Ensign . . . 


Nehemiah Goold 

Corp!. . . . 

No. i. 

Simon Gilson .... 

Corp!. . . . 


Ephraim Severance 

Corp!. . . . 


Moses Sawtell . . . 

Cent. . . . 



Corporal . 


Serjant . . . 

Oliver Shattuck . 

Cn.<. .... 



Serjant . 

Eleazer Spaulding . . 

Cent. . . . 


Ditto . 

Serjant . 

Joseph Hartwell . . 

Cent. . . . 



Corp!. . . . 

Simeon Foster 

Cen< . . . 



Corp ' 

David Shattuck . . . 

Drumer . . 


Eleazer Ames . . . 

Cen.'. . . . 

Groton . . 

j William Lawrence 

Archelus Adams . . 

Do. ... 


I his Guardian. 

John Boyden .... 

Do. . . . 


Robart Blood . . . 
Aaron Blood .... 

Do. ... 

Westford . 

( Ephraim Chandler 
| his Guardian. 

Josiah Butterfield . . 

Do. ... 

Westford . 

Josiah Butterfield. 

Moses Blood .... 

Do. . . . 


John Chamberlain . . 

Do. . . . 


Joel Crosby .... 

Do. . . . 

Westford . 

\ Son in law to And w 
( Spaulding. 

Daniel Douglass . . 

Do. . . . 

Groton . 

( Servant to Isael 


( Hobart. 

John Erwin .... 

Cent.. . . 

Groton . . 

John Erwin 

James Fisk .... 

Do. . . . 

Groton . 

James Fisk 

Oliver Farnsworth . . 

Do. . . . 


Stephen Foster . . . 

Do. ... 


William Farnsworth . 

Do. . . . 


Eleazer Fisk .... 

Do. . . . 


Benjamin Farmer . 




I6 5 

Men's Names 


Names of Fathers, & Mas- 
ters of Sons under Age, 
Town & Servants. 

Daniel Gilson . . . 

Cent. . . . 


John Gragg .... 

Do. . . . 

Groton. . 

Jacob Gragg 

.Moses Goold .... 

Do. . 


Ephraim Hall . . . 

Do. . . . 


Joseph Kemp . . . 

Do. . . 

Groton . . 

Sam" Kemp Jum" 

Silas Kemp 

Do. . . . 

Groton . . Hezekiah Kemp 

Stephen Kemp . . . 

Do. ... 

Pepperell . j Servant to Edmund 

Simon Lakin .... 

Do. ... 

Pepperell ( Ba croft - 

Simeon Nutting . . . 

Do. ... 


Isaac Nutting . . . 

Do. ... 

Groton . . 

Isaac Nutting 

Benjamin Nutting . . 

Do. ... 

Westford . 

Joseph Nutting 

John Nutting . , . . 

Do. . . . 

Groton . . 

John Nutting 

Eleazer Parker . . . 

Do. . 

Groton . . 

( Under y e Care of the 

( Select Men 

Joseph Page .... 

Do. ... 

Groton . . 

Joseph Page 

William Parker . . . 

Do. ... 

Groton . . 

William Parker 

Obediah Perry . . . 

Do. ... 


Stephen Peirce . . . 

Do. ... 

Groton . . 

Stephen Peirce 

Jonathan Phelps . . . 

Do. ... 


Nathaniel Parker . . 

Do. ... 

Pepperell . 

Nathan 1 Parker 

Leonard Parker . . . 

Do. ... 

Groton . 

Leonard Parker 

Benjamin Richardson . 

Do. . . . 


David Shattuck jr . . 

Do. . . . 


Abel Sawtell .... 

Do. ... 

Groton . . 

David Sawtell 

Jonathan Sheple . . . 

Do. ... 

Groton . . 

( James Prescott Esq 

( his guardian 

Lemuel Sheple . . . 

Do. . . . 

Groton . . 

( James Prescott Esq 

( his Guardian 

Joseph Sawtell . 

Do. ... 

Groton . . 

j Samuel Tarbell his 

1 Guardian 

Thomas Shattuck . . 

Do. ... 


Thomas Scott . . . 

Do. ... 

Pepperell . 

John Scott 

Benjamin Shattuck . . 

Do. ... 


Josiah Sheple . . . 

Do. . . . Groton. 

Nathan Wesson . . . 

Do. ... Wilmington \ Son to Stephen Wes- 

i son 

Zachariah \Villis 

Do. . . . 

Westford . J Servent to Philip 

( Robins 

Benjamin Woods . . 

Do. ... 

Groton . . 

Son to John W r oods 

Simon Wheeler . . . 

Do. ... 


1 66 


.-/ Return of men Inlisted for his majestys Service in the intended 
Expedition against Canada 1758 

Names of the fathers 

Mens Names 


in what Company 

In what Rigement Jt 

of Sons under age 
and masters of Ser- 


Arch al us Adams 


Colo Charles Prescott 

Col s Elisha Jones 25 

John Nutting 
Simon Gilson 
Eleazer Fisk 


Capt. Jerh Shattuck 
Capt Jer'' Shattuck 
Capt Jerh Shattuck 

Col oliver Wilder 20 
Col. oliver Wilder 27 
Col. oliver Wilder 26 

Son to John Nut- 
ting Jun 

Leonard Parker 


Capt. John Bulkley 

Col" Wilder 16 

Son to Leonard Par- 

The above Written is a True acct of all the men by me Inlisted for 
his Majestys Service in the Expedition now Carrying on against 
Canada in a Company to be comanded by Capt Thomas La\vrance in 
Col Ebenezer Nichols's Ridgiment 

GROTON Apriel y e 15 th 1758 

A List of the Men that I Have Listed for Canada <&c /Domini 


Simon Larkin [Lakin] 

Silas Kemp 

Isaac Nutting Jun r 

Jonath. Phelps in the Rume of Simon Ames of Groton 

Nath a Parker Jun r 

Robert Blood 

William Farnsworth 

Oliver Shattuck in the Rume Soloman Shattuck of Pepperrell 

John Chamberlin in the Rume of Peter Thursten of Pepperrell 

Nathan Wesson 

Thomas Shattuck 

Tho s Scott 

Stephen Kemp 

Eleazer Spoulding in the Rume of Joel Parkhtirst of Dunstable 

Stephen Foster 



16 7 

GROTON April 15 th 1758 

This may Certifie whome it may concerne that the above named 
Soldiers were this day mustered & passed Before me 


j Master 

A Return of the. Men Enlisted for his Majesty's service in t/ie 
intended expidition against Canada, 1758 


Where boni 

In what Company. Jo 


Time of 

Simon Larkm . 

Groton, . 

Capt. Jeremiah Shattuck, 42 

March 30. 

Silas Kemp, . 

Groton, . 

Capt. James Prescott, . i 16 

March 30. 

Isaac Nutting jr 

Groton, . 

do. John Bulkley . . i 19 

March 30. 

Jonathan Phelps, . 


do. John Bulkley . . 31 

March 30. 

Nathan Wesson, 


do. Thomas Pierce, . 18 

March 30. 

Thomas Shattuck . 

Groton, . . 

Cap J. Shattuck, ... 22 

March 31* 

Nathaniel Parker, . 

Groton, . . 

J. Shattuck, ... 19 

April 3.' 

Ebenezer Spaulding 

Groton, . . 

Capt Oliver Coburn, . . 24 

April 3.' 

Stephen Foster, 


Cap. John Bulkley ... 23 

April 4. 

Robert Blood . . 

Groton, . . 

Capt J. Shattuck ... 27 

April 5. 

W m Farnsworth . 

Groton, . 

J. Shattuck ... 21 

April 5. 

Oliver Shattuck 

Groton, . 

J. Shattuck ... 27 

April 5. 

Thomas Scott, . . 

Groton, '. 

J. Shattuck ... 19 

April 5. 

Stephen Kemp, . . 

Groton, . . 

J. Shattuck ... 17 

April 5. 

John Chamberlain . 

Groton, . . 

Capt J. Shattuck ... 36 

April 10. 

The above written contains a true account of the men that I have 
Enlisted for his Majesty's service in the intended expedition against 
Canada, in a Company to be commanded by Captain Thomas 
Lawrence, to be in Colonel Ebenezer Nichols 1 Regiment 

PEPPEREL, Aprill y e 15 th 1758. 

N. HAMPTON June 2 d 1758 

SIR You are to repair to Hadley and there wait for Col Nichols ; 
arrival that you may give him an Ac' of the Spare Blankets of the 
Regiments which were left there at Mr Oliver Smiths. If he doth not 
come by the fourtenth Intant, you are directed to Join the Regiment, 
by the first Opportunity 

I am your Friend J? CU.MING 

To Liu' Eph'" Wesson 


By his Excelencys Command to Captain Tho" Lawrancc. 

You are hereby Directed to Colect the men In your company with- 
out Delay and prepare a list of them & the number of arms your men 
will take of their own. 

From the day they are collected till they arive at Worcester where 
the Kings J 'revisions, will be delivered out to the Regiments you are 
to take care that your men are Victualed as Follows that is Sixpence 
Pr day Sterling & no more, you are to take care they dont Exceed 
that and also Such a part for each meal as to take the whole of s d Six- 
pence for the day. you are to acquaint the Taverners : accordingly 
you are to deliver s' 1 Taverners, a list of the names, & the N" of the 
men Ware Supplied at So much P r Meal and this list with the certificate 
shall be the Taverners Voucher to his accompt to be laid before the 
Governor & Council for their Passing upon it and granting warenty 
for the payment of the same. 

You are to take Particular Care that no Straglers be left behind 
you are further Directed to Use the utmost of your Endevers that one 
quarter of your men Provide their own arms 


An account of the arms that Cap*. Lanrance and his men had of their 
own that was lost in the fight at the half way brook July the 2 o" 1 


the guns Lost the kings arms 

Cap! Laurance i Serg 1 oliver Lakin i 

Serg'. oliver wright i Corp! Nehemiah Goold i 

Simon wheeler i Stephen foster i 

Eleazer Ames i Abel Sawtell i 

Joel Crosby i 

Total 4 

Total 5 

The two papers here given refer to the expedition against 
Crown Point : 

GROTON June y c 25" 1755 

Rec' 1 of Lieut Ephraim Wesson Six pounds Seven Shilings and 
three pence old tenor as Subsistance to albaney each of us are soldiers 
to Crown Point. 


Jonas Woods Japtha Richardson 

Isaac Patch Isaac Wesson 

Isaac Patch junr Zach a Wilthe [Withee] 

Jonathan Foster Nathaniel Nutting 

his John Trowbridge 

Simeon X Foster Jonathan Green 



Joseph X Denow 

A List of the names that are inlisted for the Expedison to Crown Point 
into Capt Reeds Compeney by me Ephraim Wesson 

Isaac Patch Zacriah Wethe [Withee] 

Isaac Patch Jun r Isaac Wesson 

Jonathan Green Nathaniel Wesson 

John Hobart Japtha Richardson 

Jonathan Foster Joseph Denoro 

Semeon Foster John Trobridge 

Jonas Woods John Shipley 

Nathaniel Shatuck Nathaniel Nutting 

The following letter was written by Colonel William Law- 
rence to the Honorable Spencer Phips, at that time the 
Lieutenant-Governor of the province. Colonel Lawrence 
was then in command of the soldiers stationed along the 
frontiers in this neigborhood. The letter was dated a few 
weeks before the Battle of Lake George, a period of great 
excitement among the inhabitants of the border towns. 
Lieutenant Lawrence, who is mentioned, was a younger 
brother of the writer : 

May it- Please your Honour 

I had Desired Lieu' Lawrence to order a Scout to Pequage [Athol] 
before I Reef your Honours Letter which he had Done & from thence 
to Northfield tho none was Placed at Pequage but in as much as Pe- 
quage Does not appear more Exposed to the Enemy if so much as 
several other Places between y? rivers merimack and Connetticut that 
are within this Province and I apprehending your honour might not be 


So well acquainted with the Curcomstances of those Frontiers I Did 
not order y: Lieu! to Place but ten men at Pequage for if fifteen had 
been sent there other places must have been left so naked that no 
Scouting Could have been Done which I am sencable was y: Courts 
Disigne but if what I have ordered Should not be agreeable I 
should be Glad to know your Honours mind. I find it is Difficult to 
satisfie the People with so few men in so long a Frontier but shall 
take yf best Care I Can so far as I am concern 1 ' to give orders for 
Every thing to be Done that your Honour Shall think best but if Pos- 
sible I think best to keep out all y;' new plantations in this Province 
but I am afraid that thirty men is not sufficient. So with Great 
Regard, I remain your Honours most Humble and obedient Servant 
to Command. 


GROTON July y? 29: 1755 
To y? Hon^l e Spencer Phips Esq r . e 
[Massachusetts Archives, LIV. 521.] 

It was in the spring of 1755 that the territory of Acadia, 
or Nova Scotia, fell under British authority; and the con- 
quest was followed by a terrible act of cruelty and violence. 
The simple Acadians, unsuspicious of the designs of the 
English leaders, were assembled in their churches, in obe- 
dience to military proclamation; and thence, without being 
allowed to return to their homes, were driven at the point 
of the bayonet on board ships, to be scattered over all 
the English colonies in America. This was done with so 
little regard to humanity that, in many instances, wives 
were separated from husbands, and children from parents, 
never to see one another again. It \vas upon an incident 
connected with this act of tyranny that Longfellow's poem 
of Evangeline is founded. T\vo of the French families, 
ten persons in all, were sent to Groton, where one of the 
mothers died, not many months after her arrival, perhaps 
from the rude transplanting. A few years later an Acadian 
family is mentioned as living here ; but the household had 


become divided, some of the little children being sent to the 
neighboring towns. Our pity for these unfortunate people 
will be stronger when we reflect that they were miserably 
poor, among a race who spoke a strange language, followed 
other customs, and abominated their religion. Under these 
circumstances their homesickness must indeed have been 
bitter ; but we have reason to believe that they were treated 
with tender care by the people here. We learn from the 
records that they were furnished with medical attendance, and 
articles necessary for their bodily comfort. 

Many interesting papers bearing on this subject are found 
among the Archives at the State House, in the two volumes 
marked " French Neutrals," as these people were sometimes 
called. The following documents are there given : 

The Province of the Massachusetts Bay D' 
To the Town of Groton for Keeping Ten Franch Persons and 

findeing them many Nesecareyes for thare Support when many of 

them Ware Sick &c. 

Begining the 2 I s . 1 of May AD 1756. To Jan?' y e 6'. h 1757 

F 1 James Prescott Esq r as by his Acco c ;o 600 

F 1 Mr. Benj" Stone o 16 4 o 

F 1 Mr. Sam! 1 Bowers for Provisions &c i 1 7 7 o 
P d Barnibus Mach Charril and others for a Lume Wheels 

and Tacklin about s d Lume 112 o o 
P? to John Sheple for moveing' them and for Pro- 
visions &c 0480 
Pi 1 John Page for Sundreys &c 0122 
P d Amos Lawrence for Provisions &c 0200 
F 1 M rs Isaac Woods for Pork and Syder &c 11200 
P? Cap! Tho* Tarbell for Milk and Meat &c 0780 
P d Jacob Grag for Syder milk & Wood Carting &c 2003 
F 1 Abraham Wheeler for Provisions &c 0520 
P' 1 James Stone for Meal 0180 
P? Nathl 1 Parker for Wood & House Rent o 10 o o 

[Amount carried forward 7 16 4 i] 

1 72 


\_Amount brought forward 7 16 4 i] 

P.' Doct r Oliver Prescott for Doctering them 2560 

P d Josiah Sartell for Suger Rum & Molasses & Peas 0770 
P d LeH William Nutting for House Rent and other 

things that He provided for them 2 13 4 o 
P d the Wid Elizabeth Sheple for what she Did for the 

franc h and Provisions c 0800 


short of i s p week 

[Massachusetts Archives, XXIII. 306.] 


I0 9 




The Province of the Massachusetts Bay D r 

To The Town of Groton from Jan? 1 ye 20"' 1757 to This Day for 
Supporting the two franch famileys in s d Town c being ten in 

P. d BenjP Lawrence for Wood 

P d Isreal Hobart for Wood & Milk &c 

P. 1 s d Hobart for more Wood meat & Salt 

P d Doc'. r Oliver Prescott for them 

P d Doc" Oliver Prescott for meats 

P: 1 Isreal Hobart for malts & Wood & milk 

P. d s d Hobart for House Rent & Milk 

P d Josiah Sartell for Rum molasses & Sugar when sick at 

Sundrey Times and Wood 
P d John Ames for removeing the franch 
also one ax Provided for them 

Totall -; 13 9 o 

By Order of the Select men of sd Town Groton Sep'. ye 2 d , i 75 7 


Since the aboue was Paid for the franch &c we have Paid out in 
October Last for thare further Support in Life and for Buring one of 





































the mens wife and findeing funariel things &c the whole Sum To Israel 
Hobart which is jC l 1 9 9 2 

P d Abel Lawrence for Diging the Grave & 0280 

P? Docter Oliver Prescott for Vesn. & Medicins o 8 1 1 o 

211 4 2 

? This By Order of the Selectmen of s d Town Nov r 
ye 22* 1757 7 T 3 9 

a little above 6 ce p week total 10 5 i 2 

[Massachusetts Archives, XXIII. 461.] 

On the back of the paper is written : 
Warn 1 Advis d Dec r 6. 1757 

In the report of a Committee, dated April 18, 1761, ap- 
pointed by the General Court to distribute French Neutrals 
among the towns of Middlesex County, it is stated that they 
have assigned to 

Groton Rain Bobbin [aged] 37 

Marg' his wife 39 

John his son 13 

Matturen D 1 1 

Joseph D 8 

Eliz 5 weeks 

Pepperil Marg' Marshal 18 

Mary Bobbin daug' of Rain Bobbin 3 

Townsend Paul Oliver Bobbin 7 

Peter Bobbin son to Rain Bobbin of Groton 5 

[Massachusetts Archives, XXIV. 468.] 

The surname, perhaps, is spelled wrong, as people in those 
days were not used to writing foreign, wojds ; very likely it 
should have been Beaubien. The/emomal authorities showed 
but little humanity when they took away these small children 
from their mother and put them in different towns. Other 



families were sent at the same time to Dunstable, Westford, 
and Littleton. 

Many Groton men were in the expedition sent against Nova 
Scotia, which brought away these poor French families. The 
Journal of Colonel John Winslow, the commander of the ex- 
pedition, in three folio volumes, containing copies of the vari- 
ous muster-rolls of his command, is preserved in the library of 
the Massachusetts Historical Society. The force was made 
up of two battalions, and each battalion had a lieutenant- 
colonel and two majors. It appears that each of the field- 
officers commanded a company, or had one called by his 
name ; and there was one known as Governor Shirley's 
Company. The muster-rolls have a common heading, dated 
"Bason of Annapolis Royal Nova Scotia May 28"' 1755." 
From the Journal I gather the following names of soldiers, 
either natives or residents of this town, who took part in' the 
affair : 


Men's Names Station Age Place of Birth Last residence Occupation 

Abiel Parker 
Gideon Parker 
Samson Blood 
John Lakers [Lakin ?] 
Gabriel Lakers 
Nath 11 Ballard 
John Gilson 



Groton Labourer 

Isaac Holden 
Joseph Fairwell 
Thomas Woods 
Sam! Sartwell 
Johnathan Goold 
Josiah Williams 
Asa Holden 
John Sherrin 
W Holden 
Jonas Green 
Ephr 1 ." Parker 




Groton Groton Labourer 


Bloody point 








Men's Names 



Place of Birth 

Last residence 


Sam! Bason 






Silas Parker 




Amasa Gilson 


Solomon Gilson 


Jacob Nutten 
Jon? Holclen 
Elijah Robins 
Benj? Robins 
Nathan Whipple 










Phineas Kemp 
Phineas Parker 






Sam" Green 






Will 111 Saunderson 
Aaron Davis 
John Burt 
Josiah Boyden 

Drum^ 19 Groton Groton Farmer 

Private 23 Harwidck Carpenter 

20 Fanner 

20 Groton 


Benj a Gilson 
Charles Riev 








Will" Bart 






Jonathan Cressey 
Jonah Chamberlain 
Nehemiah Gould 







Nehemiah How 




Samuel Martin 
Joseph Paterson 
David Saunders 
Lemuel Turner 








Nath 1 Turner 



Zachariah Tarball 






Isaac Green 
Ezekiel Brown 
Moses Woods 










Men's Names 

Station Age 

Place of birth 

Last residence 


Will" 1 Spaulding 

Corporal 23 




Abraham Boyenton 

Private 42 



Oliver Elliote 




Sam" Fisk 




Nathan Fisk 



Jonas Fletcher 

2 5 




Jabez Kempt 





John Kemp 



Oliver Kemp 



Hezekiah Kemp 

1 7 


Simon Lakin 




Simon Lakin Jun 

1 8 


George Lessley 



John Nutting 



Will"' Shed 

1 8 


Job Shattuck 



Nath 1 Savtell 




Eleaz 1 : Spaulding 





Jon? Stevens 




Isaac Williams 




David Wright 



Jon a Woods 



Eleaz r Wipple 




Josiah Wright 



Isaac Robins 

Private 40 Groton Stow 


During the latter part of this war some of the soldiers 
I think it was one half were supplied with bayonets, and 
known as " bayonet-men." At the State House are found 
the lists of such as belonged to the two Groton companies. 
They are now of considerable interest, as showing some of 
the men who did military duty in that eventful period. The 
lists are dated December 19, 1758. These names are largely 
represented in the families living in the town at the present 

The following is the list of the bayonet-men who belonged 
to Captain John Bulkley's company : 



Stephen Peirce, Sergeant, 

Ephraim Severance, Corporal, 

Peter Parker, Corporal, 

Lemuel Parker, 

David Shattuck, 

Jonathan Peirce, 

Shattuck Blood, 

Jacob Nutting, 

Jacob Gragg, Jr., 

Jeremiah Shattuck, 

Ephraim Nutting, Jr., 

Benjamin Green, 

Oliver Lakin, 

Josiah Sheple, 

Simeon Foster, 
Caleb Blood, 
Jonathan Pratt, 
Peter Gilson, 
John Erwin, 
Nathaniel Woods, Jr., 
Nehemiah Turner, 
Seth Phillips, 
Nehemiah Trowbridge, 
John Woods, Jr., 
Jonathan Gilson, 
Jonathan Phelps, 
Nathaniel Lawrence, 3d. 

On the back of the paper are given the names also of 
Sergeant Reuben Woods and Jonathan Sheple, Jr. 

The following is the list of the bayonet-men in Captain 
James Prescott's company : - 

Joseph Page, Sergeant, 
Timothy Moors, Corporal, 
John Stone, 
Isaac Farnsworth, 
Isaiah Holden, 
Ebenezer Farnsworth, 
Ebenezer Farnsworth, Jr., 
Joseph Medcalf, 
John Archable, 
Nathan Whiple, 
David Tarble, 
David Sawtell, Jr., 
Abijah Warren, 
Silas Parker Barron, 

Joseph Page, Jr., 
David Brown, 
Jonathan Stone, 
Obadiah Sawtell, 
Ebenezer Kemp, 
Ebenezer Hartwell, 
Nathaniel Stone, 
Jonas Stone, 
Joshua Holden, 
Jonathan Addems, 
David Sawtell, 
William Parker, Jr., 
Elisha Rockwood, Jr. 
Oliver Farwell. 

The names also of Sergeant Elisha Rockwood, Corporal 
Abel Lawrence, and Ephraim Sawtell, Jr., appear in another 
place on the same paper. 


Joseph Longley, of Groton, a sjon of John, who was 
taken prisoner by the Indians in July, 1694, was mortally 
wounded at the siege of Fort William Henry, in August, 
1758. His son, Joseph, Jr., also served, as a very young 
man, during one year of the French and Indian War, and 
subsequently with great credit during five years of the Revo- 
lution. The son died at Hawley, Massachusetts, July 8, 1836, 
at the advanced age of ninety-two years. 

According to the inscription on the monument to the 
memory of Captain Abram Child, in the old burying-ground, 
he entered the army at the age of seventeen years, and served 
under General Amherst at the capture of Fort Ticonderoga 
and Crown Point during the summer of 1759. 



THE following papers are found among the files of the 
Middlesex County Court, at East Cambridge, in the bundle 
marked " 1659 April 5." They appear to be in the nature 
of promissory notes, and are in the handwriting of John 
Tinker, who a few months later had from the government a 
monopoly to trade with the Indians at Groton and Lancas- 
ter. My attention was called to them by Henry Stedman 
Nourse, Esq., of Lancaster, to whom I am indebted for the 
copies. Petobawok and Petapowok are different forms of 
Petaupaukett the Indian name of Groton. Cattaconamak 
and Catacomumok are other forms of Catacoonamug, and 
apply to the tract of land in the neighborhood of Shirley. 
There is a Catacoonamug Brook in that town. Boundary 
lines between places were never distinctly marked by the In- 
dians, but left indefinite. The expression " in foure moones " 
evidently means four months ; but I am in doubt in regard 
to that of " 2 hunting times: " 

These j> r sents testefieth That wee James Indian otherwise called 
Quagnisheman of Cattaconamak : Nomahnacomak of Petobawok and 


Mahmachecomak of Cataconamak do acknovvledg ourselves to owe 
and to be indebted unto John Tinker the sume of twenty five pounds 
and ten shillings at the Rates of six a peny vvompom. to be give to 
him the said John Tinker his kindred frends or whome evr he shall 
Appoynt, the one halfe therof in foure moones in good beaver at prises 
as all marchants give, and the other halfe in nine moneths in like good 
beaver at like prices at his house at Petapowak, and for the good per- 
farmanc thereof we binde ourselves and either of us. our kindred 
frends and all we have, In Wittness whereof we the said James, 
Nomanacomak and Mahmacheckomok have hereunto sett our markes 
dated feb r 13"' 1656 Signed by James and Nomanacomak in the 
g'sents of 

RICHARD SMITH the mark CM of 


his mark 

Signed by MAMACHECOMAK in the the mark X of 


the mark ;? W of the mark X of 


This within said Engagement is againe owned and Consented to and 
Confirmed, and delivered as theire act and deed at the house of Jn 
Tinker in Lancaster the i8 th : 12'": 1657 and do agree all shall be 
paid in 2 hunting times after this date, at least 

ddy [delivery?] in the <gsents of us 

his marke 

These p r sents testefieth That wee Wamscahacetts and mamacheco- 
mak of Cattacomumok and Nomanacomak of Petapowok do herby 
acknoledg to be indebted to John Tinker of Petapowok the sume of 
Twenty one pounds thirteen shillings which is fourskore & six fadum 
and three shillings at 6 wompoms a peny and five shillings a faddum 
to be paid to the said John Tinker, or his Kindred or frends which he 
shall apoynt, one halfe thereof in foure mounethes and the other halfe 
in ten moneths and to the true performance, or to be well paid wee 
Wamscahacet Mamachecomak & Nomanacomok do binde ourselves 


and either of us our kindred and Trends and all that we have, to make 
it good, wittness our markes dated : feb r 14 th 1656 

Signed by the mark X of MAMACHECOMAK 


NOMANACOMAK in the sents of the mark ' N ^ of WAMSCAHACET 

the 2 W mark of 


This within said Engagement is againe consented to, acknoledged 
and Confirmed by the within said Womscahacett, Nomanacomack 
and Mamachecamak by owning it and delivering of it as their act and 
deed, only they agree amongst themselves that Nomanacomek shall 
pay one of the skins, mahanuet one. & James two, and Womscahacet 

ddy At the house of Jno. Tinker in Lancaster 18 : i2mo : 1657 
In the presents of us 

his mark 

The following entry in the Records (I. 174) of the Middle- 
sex County Court, April 5, 1659, appears to be connected 
with this transaction : 

Nanamakamucke, mamakekummuk Indians, appearing w th an In- 
dian Interpreter before the Court, do acknowledge a Judgmen) of forty 
& two pounds, seaventeen shill : & six pence to be pd. in peage, at six 
a peny, to Mr Jno. Tinker, for the paymt of s'vrall bills cancelled, & 
left on file in Court. 

The Company of Massachusetts Bay received from the 
Council for New England their grant of land, or the patent 
by which they held their territory ; and they received from 
the King their charter, securing to them the right to make 
their own laws and choose their' own officers. Property in 


the soil was given to the Company by the patent ; yet the 
rights of the Indians as previous occupants were recognized 
by the local government, and often regarded by the English 
proprietors in the acquisition of land. It was certainly to the 
credit of the early settlers that they acknowledged these 
rights and were willing to extinguish them by purchase. 
This action on their part did not make the title to the land 
any clearer in a court of law, but it established a principle. 
During some years before the charter was annulled, its im- 
pending fate was feared, and the colonists thought that their 
landed possessions might be forfeited to the Crown. In this 
state of affairs they undertook to strengthen their claims 
by purchase from the Indians ; and many instances are re- 
corded of sales to them. It was thought, moreover, that 
buying the land of the original owners would give a title 
paramount even to that of the King. Various entries are 
found in the tow r n-rccords of Groton, which show that the 
early proprietors took similar action in regard to their 

I herewith give several extracts from the records, bearing 
on this point, without any attempt to correct the spelling or 
modernize the language. The crude and illiterate phrases 
impart a coloring to that period, and deepen the light and 
shade of those times, which a finished picture would not 
represent. Moreover, they are a fair expression of the 
daily life of the common people, which was rough, honest, 
and true. 

At a ginarall Town meting upon 25 d 10 m 1683 John Page 
John Parish Insin Lorinc 

as you are C'hosin a comity for and in the behalf of the Towne 
you are desiered for too prone the Rit and titill we haue too our 
Tooun ship by all the legall testimony which can be procucrid when 
the Toown is sent too by aney a Tority and if aney ingins can prone 
a lagiall titall too the Remainer of our Town ship you haue power 
too by it at as easi a lay as you can and mack it as snr as may be in 


the behalf of the Toown and you shall haue Reasinabll satisfackion 
for your payns. 

in the nam of the selckt men 31 d 10 m 1683 

It will be noticed that the town-meeting was held on Christ- 
mas ; and three weeks later the Committee made their report, 
giving the expenses of their work, as follows : 

at A ginnrall Town meting upon the 14 d n m 1683 the Toown 
comity did giue in thar acount of thar chargis for the purchis of our 
Town ship with the indins 

thar Chargis in money-Eckspencis i 10 

2 for thar tym in Town pay twelue 

shilins apese which doo amount too i 16 o 

uotid that the comity was too entr the ded 
in too the cunty records for this sum 

14 d ii m 1683 at a ginnrall Toown meting it was agred upon 
and uoted that this publick chargis con sarning the purchis of our 
Toown ship shall be raysed by the furst grants and too horn thay war 
furst grantid too 

at the sam meting it was agred upon and by not declarid that if any 
parsin doo Refus too pay for the purchis of this ingin titell too our 
Toown ship thar pur porsion thar nams are too be entred in too the 
Toown buck 

at a ginnrall Toown meting upon the 14 d 11 m 1683 4 it was 
agred upon and uoted that this Bublick chargis con sarning our purchis 
of our indin titll shall be Leuied upon our ffurst grants of lands and 
thay shall pay in hose hands thay are found 

In accordance with the vote passed at this town-meeting, 
" that the comity was too entr the ded in too the cunty 
records," the instrument was duly recorded in the Middlesex 
Registry of Deeds (IX. 27), at East Cambridge. It is as 
follows : 

Co all people to whom these p r sents shall come greeting know yee 
M r John Tom Dublit & his wife & their Eldest son little Indians to 
Jame ffox, alias Gasumbitt, M r Jacob alias Patatuck all ^rotton 


of Weymessit & Thomas Waban of Natick all of them Indians & 
Inhabitants as afores' 1 and within the Massachusetts Colony in New 
r England for and in consideration of the full & just sum of 
for 2810 twenty and eight pound ten shill. to me well and truly payd 
& security given to them according to law by Corporall John Page, Ens : 
Nathaniel Lawrence & John Parresh all of the Towne of Grotton. \v ch 
is to the full satisfaecon & content of the afores' 1 Indians and thereof 
and of every part thereof do acquitt, release and discharge y c s d John 
Page & Nathaniel Lawrence & John Parresh & their heyrs & Admin- 
istrators for ever by these p r sents. fjabt granted, bargained &: sold, 
aliened enfeoffed & confirmed, & by these p r sents do fully, 
freely clearly and absolutely grant, bargaine sell, alien, 
enfeofe & confirme to the now Inhabitants of the Towne of Grot- 
aii that Plan- ton afores d and to their heyrs & Associates forever All 

tation called , 

Grotton & every part of that Iract ot land which is called Grot- 

ton plantation according to the full Extent of the bounds thereof, on 
both sides of Nashaway River, as it is granted to them by the 
hon ble Gen" Court of the Massachusetts Colony. Co 
J)ai) ant to IjolU the abovs' 1 Tract of land with all the 
priviledges & appurtenances to the same apperteyning or in any 
wise belonging to them the s' 1 Inhabitants of the Town of Grotton & 
to their heyrs & Associates forever & to their & their only propper 
use and behoofe And .they the s d M r John Tom Dtiblitt & his 
wife and their son ..the Eldest of them, little James ffox & Jacob 
Pataatuck & Thomas Waaban for themselvs, their heyrs & Adminis- 
trators do covenant, promise & grant to and with the afores' 1 John 
Page, Nathaniel Lawrence & John Parresh (as Trustees for & in be- 
halfe of the whole Inhabitants of the afores d Towne of Grotton) & 
with their heyrs & Assigns forever, that they the s d M r John Tom 
Dublitt & his wife & their Eldest son &: little James ffox, alias 
Gasumbitt & Jacob Patatuck & Thomas \Yaaban & each of them 
are the true and propper heyrs of the aboues d Tract 'of land as to all 
manner of Indian Title, that either is or may conceived to be. 
And that they have good right, full powr & lawfull Authority the 
p r mises to grant, bargaine & confirme to them the s 1 Inhabitants of 
Grotton & to their heyrs, Associates & Assigns forever. And that 
they the s d Inhabitants of the Town of Grotton their heyrs Associ- 
ates & Assigns forever shall and may at all times & from time to 


time forever hereafter quietly and peaceably have, hold, occupy, 
possess & enjoy the s d whole Tract of land or plantation with all 
the priviledges, profitts & commodityes of the same without the law- 
full lett, hindrance, Eviction expulsion, sute, molestation or denyall 
of them the s d M r John Tom Dublitt & his wife & their Eldest son 
little James ffox, Jacob alias Patatuck & Thomas Waaban their 
heyrs or Executors, Administrators or Assigns of them or of either 
of them or of any other person or persons whatsoever whither In- 
dian or English claiming or having any right, title or Interest therein 
or thereunto by from or under them or either of them (as to Indian 
Title of land) or by any other lawfull ways or means whatsoever. 

In witness whereof, the s d M r John Indian & Tom Dublitt and 
his wife & their Eldest son little James ffox, Jacob alias Patatuck 
& Thomas Waaban have affixed their hands & seals 

, ioth Janur 1683 

hereunto this tenth day of January, In the year of our 
Lord God one thousand six hundred eighty & three, four, and in the 
thirty and five year of y e reigne of our sovereigne Lord King 
Charls the second 




& deliverd 

in y e presence of us 

THO : HINCHMAN his mark & scale -f- M R JOHN and scale 

JOHN FFISKE TOM O DUBLITT his mark and scale 

JONATH. DANFORTH Sen r his E wife her mark & scale 

JAMES BROWN LITTLE D JAMES his mark & scale 



his marke TOM S DUBLITTS SON & scale 


Pompequoout, alias M r John, Thomas Neepamimp alias Dublitt 
& Sarah his wife. Pasumbitt, alias little James fox & Petatook alias 
Jacob Indians of Weymeset & Thomas Waban Indian of Natick, 
acknowledged the within written Instrument to be their Act & Deed 

Jan. ii. 1683/4 

Before PET : BULKELEY Assis 1 . 

Recorded. 17. 3. 1684 



James Rumbly Marsh, one of the witnesses to the deed, 
was a friendly Indian, of much service to the English during 
King Philip's \Var. He is mentioned by Gookin in the 
" History of the Christian Indians," where his middle name is 
written Rumney, which is the correct spelling. He was the 
spy who gave timely information in regard to the intended 
attack on Lancaster, which, however, was not heeded. Rum- 
ney Marsh is the old name of Chelsea ; and James, by living 
in that town, acquired this designation. Sometimes he was 
called James Ouannapohit or Quanapaug. 

By referring to the proceedings of a town-meeting, held on 
June 8, 1702, it will be seen that other persons besides the 
Committee, acting doubtless on their own responsibility, had 
acquired nominal rights from the Indians. The following 
votes were then passed : - 

at a town meting legally warned Jun eighte 1 702 the town did 
note that thay would giue Peleg larraness Eairs three acers of 
madow whare thay ust to Improue and tenn acers of upland neare 
that madow upon the Conditions following that the aboue sd Peleg 
larrances heirs do deliuer up that Indian titelle which thay now 
haue to the town 


at a town leaglly warned Jun : eight 1702 the town : did uot that 
thay would giue to robart robins Sener three acers of madow where 
he uste to Improue : and ten acers of upland near his madow upon 
the Conditions forlowing that he aboue sd Robart Robbins doth 
deliuer up that Indian titels which he now hath : to the town 


The general practice of selling land to the English caused 
some hard feeling among those Indians who received none 
of the purchase money. Naturally they felt dissatisfied with 
the proceedings ; and only a few months after the sale to the 
town of Groton, a considerable number of them requested the 


General Court to have a committee appointed, who should 
examine the subject in all its bearings. The petition is as 
follows : 

To the Hcnred Governer Deputy Governer and assistants together 
with the Honred hous of deputyes now sitting In Generall Court 
assembled In boston Sept 1 "- (IO M ) (W84) 

The petition of Cap' Tom and Will Nahaughton and Thomas 
Dublett (Indians) & Diuers other most humbly sheweth that whereas 
your servants haue been and are aproued freinds to the English and 
sence the warr [King Philip's] the Honred Generall Court was pleased 
to state for the Indians severall plantations, one of which we vnder- 
stand to be at malbery, we doe vnderstand that no man is to bye 
Indian land without leau from your Honers, we se dayly that Thomas 
Woban and great James [som others interlined] appropriate to them 
selues the Indian land at malbery and sell it and y l without order and 
keep all the pay to them selues, and chaleng the land of Groaton and 
Concord Chelmsford and bilerikye, now we beseech y l your honers 
woold be pleased to take so much nottes of the bisenes for vs as to 
appoint a committy to Inqire into bisenes y' Justess may be dun for 
the Indians in this Case for many Indians are much disqieted about 
it, we haueing shrouded our selues under the wing of your honers pro- 
tection, doe Rest hopeing for a gracious answer and subscribe our 
selues your Redy servants to our power 

Dat the (i st ) of Sept br 1684 CAP' TOM 


[and twenty-five other Indians, who 
signed by making their marks.] 

[Massachusetts Archives, XXX. 287.] 

The grant of land made in the spring of 1658, by the 
General Court, to Major Simon Willard, was in satisfaction of 
a debt due him from John Sagamore, an Indian living at 
Pawtucket, in the neighborhood of the present city of Lowell. 
The land lay in the south part of Groton, then known as 
Nonacoicus, and now included within the limits of Aycr. 
The entry in the General Court Records is as follows : 


In Answer to the petition of Majo r Symon Willard The Court 

Judgeth it meete to graunt his Request viz a farme of five hundred 

acres on the south side of the Riuer that Runneth from Nashaway 

[Lancaster] to Merremack betweene Lancaster & Groten 

Courts L*raur,t L -J 

to Major Sy- & is In sattisfaction of a debt of forty fower pounds Jn' J 
mon wiiiard. Sagamore o f Patuckett doth owe to him Provided he 
make ouer all his Right title & Interest in the execution obtayned agt 
the sajd Sagamore to the countrje wch was donne (IV. 281.) 

The following Indian names, applied by the early settlers 
to streams, ponds, or places, in the original township of 
Groton and its neighborhood, are for the most part still in 
common use. The spelling of these words varies, as they 
were first written according to their sound and not according 
to their derivation. They have been twisted and distorted so 
much by English pronunciation and misapplication, that it is 
doubtful whether an Indian would recognize them in their 
foreign garb. Yet, even with this drawback, they furnish one 
of the few links in the chain of historical facts connecting 
us with pre-historic times in America. It is rare to find an 
Indian word in an early document spelled twice alike : 

Babittasset the name of a village in Pepperell. 

Baddacook the name of a pond in the eastern part of the tow r n. 

Catacoonamug the name of the neighborhood of Shirley, as well as 

of a brook in that town. 
Chicopce the name of a district in the northern part of the town, but 

now applied to a highway approaching it, called Chicopee Row. 
Hmnhaiv the name of a brook in YVestford. 
Kissacook the name of a hill in Westford. 
Massapoag the name of a pond, lying partly in Groton and partly 

in Dunstable. 

Mulpus the name of a brook in Shirley. 
Nagog the name of a pond in Littleton. 


Nashoba the old name of Littleton, now applied to a hill in that 

town, as well as to a brook in Westford. 

Nashua the name of the river running through the township. 
Nissitisset the name of a river in Pepperell. 
Nonacoicus the name of a brook in Ayer, though formerly applied 

to a tract of land. Sometimes the word is abbreviated to 


Nubanussuek the name of a pond in Westford. 
Petaupaukett a name found in the original petition to the General 

Court for the grant of the town, and used in connection with the 

territory of the neighborhood ; sometimes written Petapawage 

and Petapaway. 
Quosopanagon the name of a meadow " on the other side of the 

riuer," mentioned in the land-grant of Thomas Tar bell, Jr. ; the 

same word as Quasaponikin, formerly the name of a tract of land 

in Lancaster, but now given to a meadow and a hill in that town, 

where it is often contracted into Ponikin. 
Squannacook the name of a river in the western part of the town 

flowing into the Nashua ; formerly applied to the village of West 


Tadmuck the name of a brook and a meadow in Westford. 
Unquetenassett, or Uhquetenorset the name of a brook in the 

northern part of the town. It is sometimes shortened into 

Wabansconcett another word found in the original petition for the 

grant of the town, and used in connection with the territory of 

the neighborhood. 

The following letter from the Honorable James Hammond 
Trumbull, whose authority in Indian philology is unques- 
tioned, gives the meaning and derivation of the original name 
of the town : 

HARTFORD, Dec. 22, 1877. 

MY DEAR DR. GREEN, Petaupauket and Petapawage are two 
forms of the same name, the former having the locative post-position 
(-ef), meaning " at " or " on " a place ; and both are corruptions of 
one or the other of two Indian names, found at several localities in 


New England. From which of the t\vo your Groton name came, 
I cannot decide without some knowledge of the place itself. I leave 
you the choice, confident that one or the other is the true name. 

"Pootuppog" used by Eliot for "bay," in Joshua, xv. 2, 5, literally 
means " spreading " or " bulging water," and was employed to 
designate either a local widening of a river, making still water, or an 
inlet from a river expanding into something like a pond or lake. 
Hence the name of a part of (old) Saybrook, now Essex, Conn., 
which was variously written Pautapaug, Poattapoge, Potabauge, and, 
later, Pcttipaug, &c., so designated from a spreading cove or inlet 
from Connecticut River. Pottapoug Pond in Dana, Mass., with an 
outlet to, or rather an inlet from, Chicopee River, is probably a form 
of the same name. So is " Port Tobacco," Charles County, Md. (the 
" Potapaco " of John Smith's map), on the Potomac. 

But there is another Algonkin name from which Petaupauk and 
some similar forms may have come, which denotes a swamp, bog, or 
quagmire, literally, a place into which the foot sinks ; represented by 
the Chippeway/^tf^, a bog or soft marsh, and the Abnaki potepaug. 
There is a Pautipaug (otherwise, Pootapaug, Portipang, Patapogue, 
&c.) in the town of Sprague, Conn., on or near the Shetucket River, 
which seems to have this derivation. 

If there was in (ancient) Groton a pond or spreading cove, con- 
nected with the Nashua, Squannacook, Nissitisset, or other stream, or 
a pond-like enlargement, or '"bulge," of a stream, this may, without 
much doubt, be accepted as the origin of the name. If there is none 
such, the name probably came from some " watery swamp," like 
those into which (as the " Wonder Working Providence " relates) 
the first explorers of Concord " sunke, into an uncertaine bottome in 
water, and waded up to their knees." 

Yours truly, 


The last suggestion, that the name came from an Algonkin 
word signifying swamp, or bog, is probably the correct one. 
There are many bog meadows, of greater or less extent, in 
different parts of the town. Two of the largest one situ- 
ated on the easterly side of the village, and known as Half- 


Moon Meadow, and the other on the westerly side, and known 
as Broad Meadow, each covering perhaps a hundred acres 
of land are now in a state of successful cultivation. Before 
they were drained and improved, they would have been best 
designated as swamps, or bogs. 

A singing-book, entitled " Indian Melodies," was published 
at New York, in the year 1845, containing a tune called 
" Groton." The compiler of the work was Thomas Commuck, 
a Narragansett Indian, then living at Manchester, Wisconsin 
Territory. He asserts that all the tunes mentioned in the 
book, as well as their names, are Indian, which is a mistake. 
Groton is an old English word, in use more than eight hun- 
dred years ago, and its Latin form is found in Domesday 

There are several tunes called Groton, given in different 
singing-books, but the earliest one that I can find is in Jacob 
Kimball's " Rural Harmony," published at Boston, in the 
year 1793 ; and I am inclined to think that the author of the 
work wrote it himself. Mr. Kimball was born in Topsfield, 
Massachusetts, on February 15, 1761, and graduated at Har- 
vard College in the class of 1780. He studied law with 
Judge William Wetmore, of Salem, and was admitted to the 
bar in the year 1795. Before this time he was a school- 
teacher and a noted composer of music. He wrote quite a 
number of tunes, and some of them were named after the 
towns where he taught singing. At one time he lived in 
Amherst, New Hampshire ; and it is highly probable that he 
named the tune after this town. He died at Topsfield, on 
July 24, 1826. 


Gibbet Hill, in the immediate neighborhood of the village, 
was so named at a very early day in the history of Groton. 
It is mentioned in the land-grant of Sergeant James Parker, 
which was entered in the town-records by Richard Sawtell, 
the first town-clerk, who filled the office from June, 1662, to 
January, 1664-5. The tradition is that the hill was so called 
from the fact that once an Indian was gibbeted on its summit. 
If this ever occurred, it must have happened before Richard 
Sawtell's term of office. The town was incorporated by the 
General Court on May 25, 1655, but no public records were 
kept before June 23, 1662. 


ABNAQUI, chief, Taxous, 64. 

Acadia, 170. 

Adams (Addams), Archelus: soldier, 

164; return, 166. 
Adams, Daniel : petition, 38 ; wages, 


Adams, Jonathan, bayonet-man, 177. 
Adams, Salom, petitioner, 19. 
Addington, Isaiah, secretary, 53, 54, 69, 

82. 85, 89, 91, 93, 96. 
Ahasombamet, 73. 
Aix-la-Chapelle, treaty, 156. 
Ak-wis-sas-ne, settlement, 1 19. 
Albany (Albaney), N. Y., 112, 168; 

Tarbells in, 116. 

Alexander, John, in garrison, 59, 
Allen, Rev. Wilkes, quoted, 107. 
Allen, Samuel, paid, 45. 
Almy, Job, on committee, 115. 
Ames family, prominent, 154. 
Ames, Ebenezer, private, 160. 
Ames, Eleazer : soldier, 164 ; gun lost, 

Ames, Jacob : private, 128, 155 ; shoots 

Indian, 131 ; petition, 132; under 

Lovewell, 135. 

Ames, John: shot, 106, 131 ; paid, 172- 
Ames, Simon, not enlisted, 166. 
Amherst, N. H., 191. 
Amherst, Heneral Jeffrey, 178. 
Ammunition, 93. 
Amsaquonte Fort, Maine, gathering of 

Indians at, 72. 

Andover (Andeuer), Mass., commis- 
sioner from, 42. 
Anville, Duke d', fleet of, 150. 
Appleton, Major, reference to, 26. 
Archable, John, bayonet-man, 177. 
Archaeologia Americana, allusion, S. 

Ashley, Mr., allusion, 112. 
Assyrian, the proud, allusion, 33. 
Ata-wen-ta, Indian chief, 1 18. 
Augary (Longley), John, 75. 
Ayer, Mass., 13, 62, 187. 


Baddacook Pond, 188. 

Ballard, Nathaniel, private, 174. 

Ball, Eleazer, paid, 46. 

Bambazeen (Bomazeen), allusion, 67. 

Bancroft family, prominent, 154. 

Bancroft, Captain Thomas, So. 

Bancroft, Edmund, private, 154, 165. 

Bancroft, Lieutenant, charges the In- 
dians, 56. 

Bancroft, Thomas, paid, 45. 

Baptist meeting-house, location, 26. 

Barnard, Samuel, trooper, 127, 

Barnes (Barron ?), Elias, in garrison, 

Barnes, John, in garrison, 60. 

Barney, Daniel, in garrison, 59. 

Barrett (Barret, Barrit), John, soldier, 

Barrett, Lemuel, private. 152 

Barron, Elias: wounded, 134; allow- 
ance to family, 146. 

Barron, Silas, bayonet-man, 177. 

Bart, William, private, 175, 

Basin of Annapolis Royal, Nova Scotia, 

Bason, Samuel, private, 175. 

Bass, James Lawrence, muster-roll in 
possession of, 150, 151. 

Bates, John, paid, 46. 

Bauclen (Boyden), Josiah, soldier, 128. 

Bay Government, 162. 



Bayonet-men, list of, 176, 177. 

Beaubien (Bobbin) family, 173. 

Belcher, J., signature, 115. 

Bellomont, Lord, signature, 82. 

Bemis (Bemish), Ephraim, paid, 45, 46. 

Benjamin, John, sergeant, 88. 

Bennett (Bennet, Bennit), John, soldier, 


Bennett, Joseph, private, 155. 
Bennett, Samuel, at a farm, 61. 
Bennett, William, private, 155. 
Berwick, Maine, letter from, 54. 
Beverly (Beuerly), Mass., commissioner 

from, 42. 

Billerica (Bilerekey, Bilerica, Bilerikye, 
Billerekey, Billerikey, Billerkey, Bil- 
rica), Mass., So, 175, 187 ; forces weak 
in, 23; security, 39; inhabitants sitting 
on the fence, 42. 
Biscuit (Biskett), 112. 
Blandford (Glasco), Mass., 112. 
Blanchard, James, clerk, 186. 
Blanchard, Joseph, private, 126. 
Blanchard, Joseph, Jr., private, 152. 
Blanchard, Simon, private, 153. 
Blankets, 132, 167. 

Blasdell, Dr. Henry, petition, 130, 131. 
Blood (Bloud), Aaron, soldier, 164. 
Blood, Caleb, bayonet-man, 177. 
Blood, Ebenezer, private, 155. 
Blood, James : in garrison, 59 ; killed 

63, 1 06. 

Blood, Joseph: soldier, 126, 128; sum- 
moned as a witness, 9, 10. 

Blood, Moses, private, 155, 164. 

Blood, Nathaniel, in garrison, 59. 

Blood, Robert (Robart) : private, 164, 
166, 167; witness, 180, i8t. 

Blood, Samson, private, 174. 

Blood, Shattuck, bayonet-man, 177. 

Blood, Widow (Widdow), Jr., settled 
in garrison, 59. 

Bloody Point, 174. 

Bobbin (Beaubien), Eliz., age, 173. 

Bobbin, John, age, 173. 

Bobbin, Joseph, age, 173. 

Bobbin. Margaret, age, 173. 

Bobbin, Mary, age, 173. 

Bobbin, Matturen, age, 173. 

Bobbin, Paul Oliver, age 173. 

Bobbin, Peter, age, 173. 
Bobbin, Rain, age, 173. 
Boidon (Boy den), Jonathan, about to 

leave Groton, 104. 
Boidon, Joseph, left Groton, 104. 
Bomascen (Bambazeen), allusion, 73. 
Bonat, Mme. Marguerite (Mgte), god- 
mother, 1 10. 

Bordman, William, paid, 47. 
Boston (Bostoun), 16, 115, 176; Indian 
hanged there, 8 ; General Court, 9 ; 
boast concerning, 33 ; attack on, i 50 
Boston Gazette, 131. 
Boston Public Library, 35. 
Boston News-Letter, 89, 105, 131. 
Boutwcll, Governor George S., resi- 
dence, 35. 
Bowers, Captain Jerathmel, So, 95, 96 ; 

after the Indians, 63. 
Bowers, Lieutenant, allusion, 58. 
Bowers, Samuel: private, 155; paid, 


Bowman, Captain, allusion, 127. 
Boxford, Mass., 174. 
Boyclcn (Bautlen, Boiden, Boydon), 

John, soldier, 164. 
Boyden, Josiah, private, 128, 175. 
Boyenton, Abraham, private, 176. 
Boynton, John, Esq., allusion, 133. 
Bradford, Mass., commissioner from, 

Bradstreet, Lieutenant Dudley, 154- 


Bradstreet, Rev. Dudley, settlement, 
97; his man slain, 104; in garrison, 
107 ; allusion, 154, 156. 
Bradstreet, Simon, allusion, 24. 
Bragadozios, reference to, 33. 
Braintree, Mass., Marshall's Diary, 87. 
Brandy, 112. 
Brattleborough, Vt., 156. 
Brattle, Cornet Thomas, order concern- 
ing, 19- 

Bread, supplied, 53. 
Breck, Mr. Robert, ordained, 89. 
Broad Meadow, 190. 
Brookfield, Mass. : allusion, 14 ; rescue 

of, 1 6. 

Browne, Benjamin, on committee, 115. 
Brown, David, bayonet-man, 177. 



Brown, Eleazer, paid, 46. 

Brown, Ezekiel, sergeant, 175. 

Brown, James, witness, 185. 

Brown, Mr., killed, 104. 

Buckminster, Colonel Joseph, account 
of, passed, 127. 

Bulkley ^Bulkeley, Bulkely, Bulkly), 
Captain John, company, 166, 167, 
176, 177. 

Bulkley, Captain Joseph : at court- 
martial, 98 ; in Lancaster, 102. 

Bulkley, John, private, 155. 

Bull, Samuel, paid, 44, 46. 

Bunker Hill, battle, 87, 151. 

Burrill, John, speaker, 93, 94. 

Burt, James, private, 152, 175. 

Bush, John, paid, 44, 47. 

Bush, William, private, 152. 

Butler, Caleb, references to his His- 
tory, 58, 61, 63, 67, 89, 132, 133, 144, 

Butterfield, Jonathan, allusion, 100. 

Butterfield, Josiah, soldier, 164. 

Butterfield, Samuel : comrade of John 
Shepley, 68 ; four pounds given to, 
69; captured, 70; petition, 95, 96. 

Byfield, Nathaniel, speaker, 56. 

CADY (Cade, Cadein, Cadye), Daniel 
(Danill) : in garrison, 61 ; left Gro- 
ton, 104. 

Cady, John : witness, 38 ; in garrison, 
60; left Groton, 104. 

Cady, Joseph, in garrison, 60. 

Cady, Nicholas (Nickolass) : witness, 
38 ; allusion, 60. 

Cambridge, Mass. : two council-mem- 
bers living in, 23 ; allusion, 36 ; com- 
missioners meet at, 42; new (Newton), 

Canaan, allusion, 108. 

Canada (Canedy): French in, 12, 63; 
expedition to, 54, 55 ; Indians not at, 
58; captives, 72, 109; governor-gen- 
eral, in; Tarbell brothers brought 
from, 112; mission to, 120-122; In- 
dians in, 141; allusion, 149; expe- 
dition against, 166-168. 

Canada, Daniel, paid, 45, 46. 

Candlestick, removal of, 32. 

Carlors (Kerley), Lieutenant, daughter 

set at liberty, 35. 
Casco Bay, 82. 

Casco, Maine, headquarters, 53. 
Catacoonamug (Catacomumok, Catta- 

comumok, Cattaconamak), brook and 

territory, 179, 180, 188. 
Caughnawaga : Indian village, 1 10 ; chief 

at, 1 16 ; Tarbells in, 1 17 ; Jesuit from, 

119; boys from, 120; council of the 

tribe, 121 ; painting in, 123. 
Cavalry-troopers, 12. 
Chair (vehicle), 160. 
Chamberlain (Chamberlin), garrison, 

107, 108. 
Chamberlain, Edmund (Edman), about 

to leave Groton, 104. 
Chamberlain, Elizabeth, mother of 

John, 144. 
Chamberlain, John : kills Indian chief, 

134; Paugus slain, 138, 139; stories 

concerning, 140-145; soldier, 164, 

166, 167. 

Chamberlain, Jonathan, private, 175. 
Chamberlain, Thomas, private, 44, 126, 

128, 144, 155. 

Champigny, M., report by, 64. 
Chandler, Ephraim, soldier, 126, 164. 
Chandler, Joseph, private, 155. 
Chapin, Robert (Robart), private, 152. 
Charity School at Hanover, N. H., 

1 20. 

Charles County, Md., 190. 
Charles River, proposed stockade from, 

Charlestown (Charles town, Charles 

Toune, Charlestowne, Charls Toun, 

Charls Toune, Charlstown, Charls 

town), Mass.: death of S. Willard 

at, 13; removal of the Wilberds 

(Willards), 29 ; boast concerning, 33 ; 

constables, 37 ; commissioner from, 

42 ; allusion, 58. 
Charlestown Ferry,- Mass., 61. 
Charlestown, N. H. : first settlements, 

148; No. 4, 162. 
Charles X., interview with, 122. 
Charlevoix, P. F. X. de : quoted, 64 ; 

as authority, 66. 



Chase, Benjamin, private, 152. 

Chase, George Wingate, historian, Si. 

Chelmsford (Chemsford, Chcnceford), 
Mass, 15, So, 187; horsemen, 17; 
forces weak, 23 ; burned, 30 ; boast 
concerning, 33 ; garrison, 36 ; ammu- 
nition, 37; strengthened, 39; Captain 
Parker, 49; strokes on, 192. 

Chelsea, Mass., 186. 

Chever, James, paid, 47. 

Chicopee River, 190. 

Chicopee Row, Groton, Lieutenant La- 
kin's house, 66, iSS. 

Child, Captain Abram, 178. 

Child, Joseph, sergeant, 88. 

Chirurgeons, 55, 57. 

Christmas, town-meeting on, 183. 

Chubbuck, John, cornet, 54. 

Church, Cornelius, in garrison, 60. 

Church, David, paid, 45, 46. 

Church, Samuel, in garrison, 61. 

Churches, elders of, 90. 

Churchill, A. W., allusion, 108. 

Circuit Court, of first circuit, 68. 

Cleaveland, Samuel, paid, 46. 

Clough, "William, paid, 47. 

Cobbet, Rev. Thomas, letter, 35. 

Coburn, Captain Oliver, 167. 

Cocheco, now Dover, X. H.. 8. 

Codington, John, paid, 45. 

Coffin, Peter, intention of, n. 

Coffin, Rev. Paul, author, 108. 

Coicus Brook, 189. (See Xonacoicus.) 

Collections of Farmer and Moore, 

Collections of the Maine Historical 
Society, 188. 

Collections of the Xew Hampshire 
Historical Society, 16. 

Colonial History of Xew York, 52. 

Colonists, suspicion of, 12. 

Combs, Jonathan, soldier, 126. 

Commuck, Thomas, compiler, 191. 

Community, Groton, 89. 

Concord, Mass. : \Villard, an inhabitant 
of, 13 ; boast concerning, 33 ; strength- 
ened, 39; governor's tour, 86; allu- 
sions, 185, 187. 

Concord, X. H., formerly Penacook, 9, 

Concord River, proposed stockade from, 

Congregation Xotre Dame, in Montreal, 

75- "O' 

Connecticut, governor of, 133. 
Connecticut River, 147, 169. 
Connecticut Valley, 150. 
Consert, Cornellius, Dutchman, 16. 
Constables, Groton, 89. 
Constabulary order, 16. 
Continuation of the Xarrative of the 

Indian Charity School, 120. 
Contoocook, X. H., 136. 
Converse, Captain James, So. 
Converse, James, speaker, 69, 82, 85, 

88, 91, 

Converse, Major James, letter, 187. 
Cooke, Joseph, order of council to, 24. 
Cooper, John, quoted, 26. 
Cooper, Timothy, killed, 26, 43. 
Cordwainers, 175, 176. 
Corey, Oliver, private, 152. 
Coteau du Lac, Canada, encounter of 

Lord Amherst near, 119. 
Council, 82, 85; orders of, 16, 17, 24, 

89; petitions, 19, 22, 36, 38, 53, 90, 

93' 95! protection, 39; proposition 

before, 41 ; letter to, 49; deposition, 


Court-martial, account of, 98. 
Crasby (Crosby), Lieutenant, So. 
Cressey, Jonathan, private, 175. 
| Crisp (Crispe), Benjamin, widow of, 75. 

Crisp, Jonathan, paid, 46. 
i Crisp, Zachary, paid, 46. 

Cromwell, Ol'ver, allusion, 62. 
1 Crosby, Joel : soldier, 164; lost, 168. 
Crown, interest of the, 101. 
Crown Point, X. V, 162, 168, 175. 
Cuming, John, 167- 
Cumins, Ebenezer. soldier, 126. 
Cummins, William, wounded, 136 
i Curtis, Lieutenant, 38. 
i Curtis, Thomas, private. 152. 
Cutter, Timothy, paid, 47. 

DAMON, John, paid, 45. 
Dane, Jacob, paid, 45, 46- 



Danforth, Jonathan : petitioner, 41 ; 
witness, 185. 

Danforth, Thomas : allusion, 24 ; re- 
corder, 185. 

Dartmouth College, Indian in, 121. 

Davis (Davice), Aaron, private, 175. 

Davis, Benjamin, private, 152. 

Davis, Eleazer, petition of, 146, 

Davis, Jabaz, soldier, 126. 

Davis, John : in garrison, 60; location 
of garrison, 62. 

Davis, Nathaniel, private, 155. 

Davis, Samuel, in garrison, 60; killed, 
89 ; left Groton, 104. 

Davis, Simon, Jr., private, 152. 

Davis's Fordway, Groton, 89. 

Deerfield, Mass., 115, 121. 

Denison, Major-General Daniel, in- 
structions of, 15. 

Denoro, Joseph, private, 169. 

Denow, Joseph, private, 169. 

Diary, Sewall's, 84, 86. 

Diary, Marshall's, 89. 

Dickinson, Thomas, murder, 9, 10. 

Dickson, Walter, 89. 

Diuens (Divoll), Goodwife, ransomed, 


Divill (Devil), drink makes, n. 
Documents collected in France, 65. 
Dogs : track discovered, 99 ; Indian, 


Domton, Nathaniel, paid, 45. 
Douglass, Daniel, soldier, 164. 
Doule, William, paid, 45. 
Dover, N. H. : formerly Cocheco, 8, 

72 ; triumphal entry into, 135. 
Dracut, Mass., men at, 146. 
Dragoons : from different towns, 23 ; 

sent to Groton's relief, 30; attacked, 


Drunkenness, among the Indians, 10. 
Dublit, James Fox, 183-185. 
Dublit, John Tom, 183-185. 
Dublett, Thomas, petition, 187. 
Dudley, Francis, paid, 46. 
Dudley (Dutly), Governor Joseph, 68, 

84, 88, 90, 92, 95, 97, 98, in; tour 

in Middlesex County, 86. 
Dummer, fort, Vt., 156. 

Dummer, Lieutenant-Governor Wil- 
liam, 125 ; letters to, 128-130. 

Dummer's War, end of, 146. 

Dunnell, Thomas, paid, 45. 

Dunstable (Donstable), Mass., 19, 52, 
133, 174, 188 ; garrison, 17; troops, 
80 ; governor's tour, 86; military list, 
126; men posted, 128; march from, 
136; Paugus there, 140; men at, 142. 

Durham, N. H., 72. 

Dupont, Madeleine, signature, 77. 

Dutch in New York, 12. 

Dutly (Dudley), Joseph, 90. 

EAST CAMBRIDGE, Mass., 179, 183; 

probate office, 26, 1 10. 
Edwards, John, Jr., private, 152. 
Egeremet, feast, 73. 
Eleventh United States Infantry, 124. 
Eliot, authority, 190. 
Ellett, Elias, private, 154. 
Elliot, Deacon, order to, 37. 
Elliote, Oliver, private, 176. 
Emerson, Rev. Joseph, sermon, 160. 
England : war with France and Spain, 

86; agreement during, 117. 
Epitaphium on Simon Willard, 13. 
Erwin, John, 164; bayonet-man, 177. 
Essex Company, disbanded, 146. 
Essex, Conn., 190. 

Essex County, Mass., security of, 41. 
Evangeline, poem, 170. 
Exeter, N. H., Simon Stone at, 56. 

FAIRBANKS, Lieutenant Jabez, 125; 

company raised by, 1 27 ; letters, 


Fairfield, William, on committee, 115. 
Fairwell (Farwell), Ilenry, private, 155. 
Farley, George, house, 42. 
Farmer, Benjamin, soldier, 164. 
Farmer, Daniel, prisoner, 155. 
Farnsworth (Farnesworth) brothers, 

133 ; settlement, 148. 
Farnsworth, Benjamin, in garrison, 60. 
Farnsworth, David, escape, 148, 149. 
Farnsworth, Ebenezer : prisoner, 149; 

bayonet-man, 177. 



Farnsworth, Ebenezer, Jr., private, 


Farnsworth, Ephraim, under Lovewell, 


Farnsworth, Ezra, allusion, 132. 

Farnsworth, John : garrison, 61 ; loca- 
tion, 62 ; ensign, 83 ; signature, 97 ; 
selectman, 103 ; about to leave Gro- 
ton, 104; in garrison, 107, 108. 

Farnsworth, Josiah, private, 152. 

Farnsworth, Matthew, in garrison, 60. 

Farnsworth, Matthias, constable, 10 ; 
capture, 109. 

Farnsworth, Mr., garrison, 107. 

Farnsworth, Oliver, private, 152, 164. 

Farnsworth, Reuben, under Lovewell, 

Farnsworth, Rev. James Delap, quoted, 

Farnsworth, Samuel : in garrison, 60 ; 

left Groton, 104; killed, 148. 
Farnsworth, Stephen, death, 149. 
Farnsworth, Widow, in garrison, 60. 
Farnsworth, William, soldier, 164, 166, 


Farrer (ffarer), Jacob, witness, 180. 
Farwell (Fairwell), Henry, private, 


Farwell, Isaac: soldier, 126; in Charles- 
town, 150. 

Farwell, John, private, 152. 

Farwell, Joseph : soldier, 163 ; signa- 
ture, 166; sergeant, 174. 

Farwell, Joseph, Jr., private, 152. 

Farwell, Oliver, bayonet-man, 177. 

Farwell, Samuel, private, 152. 

Fast-days, 28. 

Filbrick (Filbrook, Philbrick, Phil- 
brook), Ephraim, in garrison, 60, 107, 
1 08. 

Fisk, Eleazer, soldier, 164, 166. 

Fisk, James: in garrison, 60; private, 
155, 164. 

Fisk, Nathan, private, 176. 

Fisk, Samuel : in garrison, 60 ; private, 

Fitchburg, Mass., garrison, 153. 

Fitch (ffitch), Daniel, So. 

Fitch, Zachariah, owner of Longley 
Farm, 74. 

Fletcher, Jonas, private, 176. 

Fletcher, Samuel, Sr., paid, 46. 

Fletcher, Samuel, Jr., paid, 46. 

Fogg, Dr. John S. H., " request " in 
possession of, 21. 

Foot Company, still retained, 53. 

Forge \ 7 illage, Mass., 108. 

Forgly (Frogly), Timothy, paid, 44. 

Foster, Jonathan, private, 169. 

Foster, Joseph, paid, 46. 

Foster, Simeon : soldier, 164 ; bayonet- 
man, 177. 

Foster, Stephen: private, 160, 164, 166, 
167; firearms lost, 168. 

Foster, Thomas, paid, 46. 

Fovel : in St. Regis, 122; true charac- 
ter, 123. 

Fox, Charles James, author, 141. 

Foye (ffoye), Mr., treasurer, 113. 

Framingham, Mass., 174. 

France, war with England, 86. 

Franklin County, N. V., 117. 

French and Indian War, 150, 153. 

French and Indian enemy, 63. 

French, in Canada, 12, 63; in Groton, 

French Indians, 149. 

French Neutrals, 171. 

French Refugees, 170-174. 

French War, over, 141. 

Frogly (Forgly), Timothy, paid, 45, 46. 

Frontenac, Count de, scalps given to, 66. 

Frontier garrisons, list of, 107. 

Frontier towns, So; law regarding, 102. 

Frost, Thomas, paid, 45, 46. 

Fryeburg, Maine, 134, 137, 139. 

Fuller, Micah, in Charlestown, 150. 

GAGE, Edmund, paid, 147. 
Galaxy Magazine, 116. 
Garrison-houses : refuge sought in, 25, 

26; destroyed, 27 ; Indians lodge in, 

35 ; location, 61 ; still standing, 108. 
Garrisons : protection in, 59 ; exposed, 

Gasumbitt (James Fox), Indian, 183- 

' Gazetteer of Massachusetts, 80. 



General Court : appointment by, 8 ; 
witness in, 9; in Boston, 10; entries 
in manuscript records, 12 ; request, 
21 ; petitions, 47, 55, 68, 70, 77, 81, 
82,89,90, 112, 113, 187; application 
for relief, 77, 78; act passed, 101 ; 
allowance, 146; committee, 173; 
grand, 184. 

George, lake, N. Y., 153, 160. 

George Farley's house, reference to, 42. 

Gibbet Hill, Groton, 192. 

Gilbert, Captain Samuel, company, 176. 

Gill, William, paid, 45. 

Gillson, Michael, soldier, 128. 

Gillson, sergeant, garrison, 107, 108. 

Gilson, Amasa, private, 175- 

Gilson, Benjamin, private, 175. 

Gilson, Daniel, soldier, 165. 

Gilson, Isaac, private, 155. 

Gilson, John : about to leave Groton, 
104; fighting Indians, 134, 135, 168, 
174; at Ossipee, 139. 

Gilson, John, Jr., private 154. 

Gilson, Joseph: escape, 135; private, 
155; application of, 156. 

Gilson, Peter, bayonet-man, 177. 

Gilson, Simon: soldier, 164, 166. 

Gilson, Solomon, private, 175. 

Glasco (Blandford), Mass., allusion, u. 

Gloucester (Gloster), Mass., commis- 
sioner from, 42. 

Goble, Stephen, paid, 46. 

Goffe, Colonel, warrant from, 130. 

Goff, John, paid, 47. 

Gookin, Major Daniel: quoted, 8, 186; 
allusion, 23, 24. 

Goold (Gould), Jonathan, private, 174. 

Goold, Moses, soldier, 165. 

Gordon, Father Anthony, joins Indians, 

Gould (Goold), Corporal Nehemiah : 
killed, 160; muster-roll, 164; firearms 
lost, 1 68. 

Gould, Nehemiah, private, 175. 

Gragg (Grag), Jacob, 165; paid, 171; 
bayonet-man, 177. 

Gragg, John, soldier, 165. 

Graves, Benjamin, paid, 46, 47. 

Great Road, Groton, 62. 

Green, Benjamin, bayonet-man, 177. 

Green, Eleazer, Sr., 154. 

Green, Eleazer, Jr., private, 155. 

Green, Isaac: private, 152, 155; ser- 
geant, 175. 

Green, Jonas, private, 174. 

Green, Jonathan, private, 152, 169. 

Green, Nathaniel, paid, 46. 

Green, Samuel, private, 175. 

Green, William : in garrison, 61 ; loca- 
tion, 62. 

Greene, John, in garrison, 61. 

Green Mountains, 163. 

Griffith, Richard, paid, 47. 

Groton (Croaton, Grantham, Grauton, 
Grawten, Grawton, Groaten, Groaton, 
Groatton, Grooton, Groten, Grotten, 
Grotton, Groughton, Growton) : pri- 
vations of settlers, 7 ; Indian traffic, 
town burnt, 8 ; drunken brawl, 9; 
death of Thomas Dickinson, 10; testi- 
mony, ii ; Indians and firearms, 12; 
troops, Willard epitaph, 13 ; war- 
taxes, Indian molestation, 14; de- 
fences, 15; rescue of Brookfielcl, 
Captain Thomas Wheeler, physi- 
cians, 16; garrisons, 17; action of 
council, iS; force lessened, 19; as- 
sessment in 1675, 2O > hard winter, 
21 ; frontier perils, 22 ; dragoons, 
23 ; threatened by Indians, 24 ; pros- 
perity, houses, and garrisons, 25 ; 
assaults, meeting-house destroyed, 
26; Nutting killed, 27; sanctuary 
burned, English pamphlets about 
King Philip's War, 28 ; conflagration, 
29; Hubbard's account of the sur- 
prizall, 30 ; palizadoes and ambush, 31 ; 
stratagem of old Indian, babe cut 
in pieces, One-eyed John, 32; Indian 
sarcasm, Indians shot by Captain 
Sill, 33; conflicting accounts recon- 
ciled, 34 ; ambuscado, prisoners for ran- 
som, Cobbet's account, 35; Morse's 
petition, town abandoned by settlers, 
36; action of council about horses 
and ammunition, 37 ; the Adams pe- 
tition and Woods testimony, 38 ; 
critical season, report about defences, 
39; stockadocs, 40; river stockade, 
41; report of committee, 42; fam- 



ilies, prisoners, hounds, 43; church, 
monument, 44 ; list of soldiers- 
45-47 ; town re-established, 47 ; pe- 
tuion for help, 48 ; James Parker's 
letter to the governor, 49-50 ; In- 
dian vices, 51 ; Nicholson's letter, 
unsettled condition of town, 52 ; cav- 
alry, military headquarters, 53 ; com- 
missary, 54; surgeon's bill lor John 
Paige, 55 ; slight incidents, 56 ; Si- 
mon Stone's danger, Indian baptism, 
57 ; Jacob Indian, 58 ; garrison lists, 
59-62 ; beginning of King William's 
War, 63 ; accounts of Cotton Mather 
and Pere Charlevoix, 64; allusions 
by Judge Sewall and the French, 
65 ; Canadian attack, 66 ; casualties, 
captives, 67; Shepley petition, 68; 
allowance, 69 ; Parker family's relief, 
70; girl captive, 71; Indian expe- 
dition, 1695, 72; captives taken to 
Canada, 73 ; Longley family, 74-76; 
straitened condition of the town, 77; 
petition, 78, 79; troops posted, So; 
men killed, Si ; Holclen petition, 
short crops, 82 ; aid asked for, 83 ; 
the wounded, 84 ; action of council, 
85 ; Queen Anne's War, Indian sym- 
pathy with French, 86 ; the Prescotts, 
attack in 1704, 87; Governor Dud- 
ley's order, 88; renewal of hostilities, 
89; distress of the farmers, 90; re- 
quest for relief, 91 ; assault in 1706, 
92; Ilealy petition, 93; Seager pe- 
tition, 94 ; cruelty towards prisoners, 
95; Butterfield allowance, 96 ; settle- 
ment of Bradstreet, 97 ; court-mar- 
tial, 98-100; roving savages, 101 ; 
desertion of frontier towns, 102-104 ; 
Indian depredations, 1707-9, 105; 
Shattuck and Lawrence families, 
106 ; frontier garrisons, 107 ; location 
of houses, captives, 108; Tarbell 
children, captives in Canada, 109- 
124; Indian enemy, 125; military 
list, 126; colonial payments, military 
company, 127; scouts, 128; Fair- 
banks letters, 129; medical services, 
130; murder by Indians, 131 ; scalps, 
132; Farnsworth affair, 133; Love- 

well's fight, 134 ; the Symmes sermon, 
135-137; Paugus, 138; prisoners to 
Canada, 139; Indian vendetta, 140- 
144; traditions, Isaac Lakin, 145; 
Lovewell's War, Eleazer Davis, 146 ; 
Sartell petition, 147 ; dangers in 1744, 
settlers in Charlestown, No. 4, 148; 
ransoms, 149; King George's War, 
150; muster-roll, 151; privates, 152; 
receipts, relief to Fitchburg, 153; 
dangers in 1748, 154; list of scouts, 
155; Fort Dummer, allowance, peace, 
156; last intercolonial struggle, 157; 
Lawrence petition, Fort Halifax, 158; 
Woods petition, 159; military ser- 
mon, 160; Lakin petition, 161 ; leg- 
islative action, 162; roster, 163-167; 
arms lost, 168; Crown Point expe- 
dition, Lake George, 169; Acadia, 
170 ; French refugees, 171-173 ; mus- 
ter-rolls, 174-176; bayonet-men, 177; 
old burial-ground, 178; Indian prom- 
issory notes, 179-181 ; land-grants, 
182; Christmas town-meeting, 183; 
Indian bond, 184, 185 ; monetary dis- 
satisfaction, 186 ; Indian petition, 
187; farm-grant, 188; Indian geo- 
graphic names, iSS, 189 ; Indian name 
for Groton, 190; Indian Melodies, 
191 ; Gibbet Hill, 192. 

Groton, Vt., 163. 

Gun : payment for, 93 ; lost, 162. 

HAGAR, Samuel, paid, 45, 46. 
Halford, William, paid, 45. 
Half-Moon Meadow, Groton, 191. 
Half-way Brook, 153, 159, 160, 162, 

1 68. 
Halifax, fort, Maine : situation of, 158 i 

allusion, 159. 

Hall, Benjamin H., author, 156. 
Hall, Ephraim, soldier, 165. 
Hall, John, about to leave Groton, 104 
Hall, Robert, on committee, 146. 
Hands, John, paid, 47. 
Hanover, charity school, 120. 
Hardwick (Harwidck), Mass., 175. 
Harris, Benjamin, soldier, 126. 


2O I 

Harris, John, private, 152. 

Hartwell (Hartwill), Ebenezer, bayo- 
net-man, 177. 

Hartwell, Edward, sergeant, 126, 127. 

Hartwell, James, private, 152. 

Hartwell, Joseph, soldier, 164. 

Hartwell, Major, in command, 153. 

Hartwell, Nathan, private, 153. 

Harvard, Mass., 175. 

Harvard College, 62, 191. 

Harvest season, So. 

Hassanamesit, Indians ordered to re- 
side at, 18. 

Hassell, Benjamin: coward, 136; false 
report of, 138. 

Hasting, Josiah, private, 152. 

Hathorne, William, witness, 10. 

Haverhill, Mass. : headquarters, 53 ; 
History of, Si. 

Havre, France, 122. 

Hawes, John, paid, 45. 

Hawkins (Ilaukins), William, butcher 
and surgeon, 16, 17. 

Hawley, Mass., 178. 

Haywood, John, author, So. 

Healy, Nathaniel, killed, 93. 

Hemenway, Miss A. M., authoress, 
161, 163. 

Henchman (Hinchman, Hinchmanes, 
Hincksman), Thomas: lieutenant, 17; 
captain, 19; account, 63; major, So; 
witness, 185. 

Henchman's farm, letter from, 49. 

Herkimer County, N. Y., 124. 

High School, Groton, 25. 

Hill, General A. Harleigh, author, 163. 

Hill, Israel, paid, 45. 

Hill, Jonathan, paid, 46. 

Hill, Nathaniel, paid, 46. 

Hinsdale, N. H., 175. 

Historical Memoirs, sermon, 135 

History of Charlestown, N. II., 150. 

History of Chelmsforcl, Mass., 107. 

History of Dunstable, Mass., 43, 141. 

History of Eastern Vermont, 1 56. 

History of Fitchburg, Mass., 153. 

History of Groton, Mass., 144, 163. 

History of Manchester, N. H., 136, 


History of New France, 64. 

History of St. Lawrence and Franklin 
Counties, N. Y., 117. 

History of the Christian Indians, S, 186. 

History of the Province of Massachu- 
setts Bay, 66, 116. 

History of the Wars of New England, 
27, 28, 131. 

Hoar, president of Harvard College, 62. 

Hoar (Hore), Samuel, 152. 

Hoare, John, left Groton, 104. 

Hobart (Hubbard), Rev. Gershom, 62, 
64, 89, 154; family casualties, 67; 
disability, 91 , garrison, 107, 108, 112 

Hobart, Israel (Isael) : corporal, 151, 
164; paid, 172. 

Hobart, Jeremiah, private, 155. 

Hobart, John, private, 169. 

Hobbs, Captain Humphrey, his com- 
pany, 174, 175. 

Holden (Holdin, Holding, Holdings, 
Moulding), Amos, private, 152. 

Holden, Asa, private, 174. 

Holden, Charles, Charlestown, N. H., 

llolden, Isaac: Charlestown, N. H., 
150; private, 154; sergeant, 174. 

Holden, John, captured, Si, 82. 

Holden, Jonathan, private, 154, 175. 

Holden, Joshua, bayonet-man, 177, 

Holden, Mr., garrison, 107, 108. 

Holden, Stephen (Steven): in garrison, 
60; captured, Si, 82; ensign, 154. 

Holden, Stephen, Jr., captured, Si. 

Hollingsworth's paper-mills, 105, 131. 

Hollis road, Groton, 73, 108. 

Homer, Rev. Jonathan, authority, 92. 

Hore, Samuel (Sam'll), private, 152. 

Houghton, Benjamin, Jr., 126. 

Hough, Dr. Franklin B., author, 117, 
1 20. 

Hound Meadow Hill, name received, 

House of Representatives, 85, 89; vote 

about the Iloldens, Si ; tax vote, 84. 
Howard & Richardson, allusion, 112. 
How, Nehcmiah, private, 175. 
Hubbard's ambuscado, 35. 
Hubbard, John, ransom paid by, 36. 
Hubbard, Jonathan, petition, 127. 
Hubbard, Rev. Mr. (See Ilobart.) 



Hubbarcl, Rev. William : account of 
King Philip's War, 27 ; narrative, 

2 9> 33. 3 6 > 43- 

Huberd (Hobart?), Mr., 112. 
Huchin (Ilutchins), John, about to 

leave Groton, 104. 
Hull, John, treasurer of Massachusetts, 


Hull's /ournal, 44. 

Humhaw Brook, Westford, iSS. 

Hunt, Ephraim, signature, 98. 

Hutchins (Huchin), Nicholas, in garri- 
son, 60. 

Hutchinson, Governor, quoted, 66, 116. 

IMPLEMENTS, stone, discovered, 7. 

Indian corn, 79. 

Indian, Jacob, 57. 

Indian Melodies, 191. 

Indian summer, 142. 

Indian, surname, 57. 

Indian Wars, brave men in, 56. 

Indians : characteristics, 7 ; love of 
drink, 8, 10, 51 ; murder, 9; supplied 
with arms, n, 12; burn towns, 20, 
36; prowling, 25; ambush, 27, 31, 
32, 137 ; rifle houses, 30; onset, 31 ; 
infant cut in pieces, 32 ; swine-hunt- 
ing, 33; feasted, 34; hellhounds and 
cowards, 35; killed, 38; stockade 
against, 41, 42 ; given Christian 
names, 57 ; murdering, 62 ; hatchets, 
63 ; children guarded by, 66 ; pris- 
oners, 72 ; pilates, 8 1 ; sympathy with 
French, 86 ; cruelty, 94 ; bounty for 
killing, 96; jealousy, 118; treaties 
with governor of New York, 119; 
pope's questions, 122; scalps, 132; 
hunting, 134; prisoners sent to Can- 
ada, 139; land-titles, 186. 

Ipswich, Mass., 121 ; commissioner 
from, 42. 

Israel, the New England, 15. 

JAMES'S Brook, garrison-houses, 25, 27, 


James, Indian, 180. 
Jeffries, David, letter to, 63. 

Jeffries, William Lloyd, letter in pos- 
session of, 63. 

Jefts, Henry, private, 155. 

Jefts, John, killed, 134. 

Jenkins, Ann, testimony of, 73. 

Jerusalem, allusion, 49. 

Jethro, Old, Indian, 33. 

Jewet, Nehemiah, speaker, 79. 

Jewett, Abel, private, 153. 

Jewett, Neha, private, 154. 

Johnson, Lot, paid, 45. 

Johnson, Mrs. Susanna, captured, 149. 

Johnson, Stephen, private, 152. 

Jones, Captain Ephraim, company, 

Jones, Colonel Elisha, 166. 

KAMP (Kemp), Zerrubbubl (Zerubba- 
bel), about to leave Groton, 104. 

Ka-re-ko-wo, Indian youth, 118. 

Keene (Keen), N. H., 175. 

Kellogg, Joseph, treasurer for the Tar- 
bells, 114. 

Kemp (Kamp, Kempt), Ebenezer, bayo- 
net man, 177. 

Kemp, Hezekiah, private, 165, 176. 

Kemp, Jabez, private, 176. 

Kemp, John, private, 155, 176. 

Kemp, Joseph, soldier, 165. 

Kemp, Oliver, private, 176. 

Kemp, Phineas, private, 175. 

Kemp, Samuel : private, 152; in gar- 
rison, 59. 

Kemp. Samuel, Jr., private, 154, 165. 

Kemp, Silas, private, 165-167. 

Kemp, Stephen, private, 165-167. 

Kemp, Zerubbabel, about to leave Gro- 
ton, 104. 

Kennebec Indians, more successful than 
the Penobscot, 65. 

Kennebec River, expedition up, 157. 

Kerley (Carlors), Lieutenant, daugh- 
ter set at liberty, 35. 

Ketle, Goodwife, ransomed, 35. 

Kidder, Benjamin, sick, 136, 139. 

Kidder, James, petitioner, 19. 

Kimball, Jacob, 191. 

Kinderhook, N. Y., allusion, 112. 



King Philip's War : letters on, 28 ; A 
New and Further Narration, 29; a 
friendly Indian in, 186. 

Kingstown (Palmer), Mass., 112. 

Kissacook Hill, Westford, 188. 

Knop, James : representative, 52, 53; in 
garrison, 60. 

Knox manuscripts, 76. 

LACHINE, Canada, convent at, 109. 

Lakin (Laken, Lakers, Largin, Larkin), 
Abraham, about to leave Groton, 104. 

Lakin, Ambrose, private, 152. 

Lakin, Benjamin (Benimin), about to 
leave Groton, 104. 

Lakin, Ebenezer, private, 155. 

Lakin, Isaac, 134, 135; wounded, 106; 
story, 145. 

Lakin, Isaac, Jr., 155. 

Lakin, Jacob, soldier, 126. 

Lakin, John, 44, 161 ; ensign, 52, 53 ; 
in garrison, 59 ; its location, 62 ; pri- 
vate, 174. 

Lakin, Joseph : signature, 91 ; select- 
man, town-clerk, 103 ; about to leave 
Groton, 104. 

Lakin, Josiah, about to leave Groton, 

Lakin, Miriam, 161. 

Lakin, Nathaniel, soldier, 164. 

Lakin, Oliver : sergeant, 161, 168 ; peti- 
tion, 162; bayonet-man, 177. 

Lakin, Simon, private, 165-167, 176. 

Lakin, Simon, Jr., 176. 

Lakin, Thomas, private, 155. 

Lakin, William: ensign and lieutenant, 
12; on committee, 20; in garrison, 
59, 107, 108 ; house attacked, 64, 66. 
74; selectman, 79; about to leave 
Groton, 104. 

Lamorandiere, Jacques Urbain Robert 
de, godfather, 110. 

Lancaster ( Lanchester, Lankester, 
Lankstar,) : Mass , 7, 23, 35, 52, 80, 
88, 89, 127, 175, 179, 186, 189; traffic, 
8; Willard there, 13 ; raid, 15 ; garri- 
sons, 17, 130; catastrophe, 30; boast 
concerning, 33 ; helpful, 38 ; compul- 

sory removal, 40 ; escape to, 43 ; gov- 
ernor's tour, 86; Indian attack, 87 : 
Captain Bulkley there, 102; comman- 
der from, 125, 126; enlistment, 126; 
men posted, 129; men there, 146; 
men from, 153. (See Nashua.) 

Langly, Lidey (Lydia), captive, 72. 
(See Longley.) 

Lawrence (Larrance, Larraness, Law- 
ranc, Lawrance, Lorinc), family, 

Lawrence, Abel : paid, 173; corporal, 

Lawrence, Amos: sergeant, 151 ; paid, 

Lawrence, Anna (Tarbell), mother of 
captain, 150. 

Lawrence, Benjamin, paid, 172. 

Lawrence, Captain, biography, 151. 

Lawrence, Colonel William, letter, 169, 

Lawrence, Daniel, about to leave Gro- 
ton, 104. 

Lawrence, Enoch (Enosh): in garrison, 
59 ; location, 62 ; wounded, 84, 85, 
1 06. 

Lawrence, Ensign (Insine), 182. 

Lawrence, James, owner of Tarbell 
farm, 124. 

Lawrence, John : in garrison, 61 ; father 
of captain, 151. 

Lawrence, Jonathan: in garrison, 60 ; 
signature, 97 ; private, 155. 

Lawrence, Joseph, about to leave Gro- 
ton, 104. 

_ . . 

Lawrence, Lieutenant, in garrison, 107. 

Lawrence, Nathaniel, 184: ensign, 12; 
in garrison, 60 ; soldier, 128; bayonet- 
man, 177. 

Lawrence, Peleg, in garrison, 60, 186. 
Lawrence, Thomas : private, 152, 155, 
163 ; lieutenant, 157 ; biography, 160 ; 
captain, 166-168. 
I Lawrence, William: soldier, 126, 128; 

clerk, 155; guardian, 164. 
Lawrence, Prudence, 160. 
i Lawrence, Zachariah, about to leave 

Groton, 104. 

Lawrence Academy, Groton, 62. 
1 Leber, signature, 77. 



Lecture (lecter) day, 102. 

Leominster, Mass., people in, 150. 

Lessley, George, private, 176. 

Leverett, Governor John, Parker's cor- 
respondence with, 14; allusion, 24. 

Levy, Groton, 77. 

Lisle, John, allusion, 62. 

Littleton, Mass., 175, 188, 189; men 
from, 1 53. 

Londonderry, N. IL, 136. 

Lodowick, Mr., in Boston, 65. 

Longfellow, H. W., poet, 170. 

Longley family, sad story, 73, 74. 

Longley, Betty, captive, 75. 

Longley, John : casualties in family, 67 ; 
captive, 75; return, 76. 

Longley, Jonathan, sentinel, 151. 

Longley, Joseph, wounded, 178. 

Longley, Joseph, Jr., death, 178. 

Longley, Lydia Madeleine : captive, 75 ; 
signature, 77. (See Langly.) 

Longley, William: constable, 14; on 
committee, 20; in garrison, 59; ac- 
count of, 71; town-clerk, murdered, 
75 ; family, 106. 

Longley, Zachariah (Zechcria), private, 

Lorette, Canada, boys from, 120. 

Louisburg, N. S., death in, 150. 

Lovewell, Captain John, 134, 144. 

Lovewell Lamented, 134. 

Lovewell's Fight, 107. 

Lovewell's Pond, 134-144; company 
arrives there, 137. 

Lovewell's War, end of, 146. 

Lowden, Richard, petitioner, 41. 

Lowell, Mass., 187 : Wamesit Indians 
near, 22. 

Lower Regiment, Middlesex County, 
87, 88. 

Lund, Thomas, soldier, 126. 

Lunenburg (Luninburg), Mass., 174, 
175 : people in, 150. 

Lynn (Linne), Mass., commissioner, 42. 

MACCARROLL (Mach Charril), Barna- 
bas (Barnibus), paid, 171. 
Magnalia, Mather's, 56, 6^, 71, Si. 
Mahmachecomak, 180; signature, 181. 

Main Street, Groton, 62, 151. 

Maiden (Maulden), Mass. : constable of, 
37 ; commissioner from, 42. 

Manchester, Mass., commissioner from. 

Manchester, Wis., 191. 

Marcoux, Rev. Fran9ois, parish priest, 

Marine and Colonies, Archives, 64. 

Marlborough (Malbery, Malbury, Marl- 
borow, Marlbors'), Mass., 23, So, 88, 
187; Hawkins sent there, 16; Indians, 
18 ; surprise, 105. 
I Marseilles, France, 122. 

Marshall's Diary, 89, 92. 
j Marshall, John/S". 
j Marshall, Margaret, age, 173. 

Marsh, James Rumbly, witness, 185, 
1 86. 

Martin, Samuel, private, 175. 

Martin's Pond road, Groton, 67, 

Massachusetts : S. Willard in, 13 ; offer 
made by, 133, 134. 

Massachusetts Archives, references, 10, 
15, 17, 19, 20, 24, 36, 37,43, 49, 54, 58, 
64,69, 71-73, 79,80,82,84,85, 91,93, 
94, 96, 97, 101, 104, 107, 109, 113, U4 ( 
126, 128, 130, 133, 146, 155, 158-173, 

Massachusetts (masiacheusits) Bay, 
70; province of, 84. 

Massachusetts Colony, 16, 22, 184. 

Massachusetts Historical Society Col- 
lections, 67, 86, 87, 92, 95, 104, 174. 

Mason, Hugh, petitioner, 41. 

Massapoag Pond, iSS. 

Mather, Rev. Cotton, quoted, 56, 63, 
71, 81. 

Mather, Rev. Increase : quoted, 27, 28 ; 
letter to, 35. 

Mather Manuscripts, 35. 

Maulden (Maiden), Mass., constable of, 


Meadforcl (Medford), Mass., commis- 
sioner from, 42. 

Medfield, Mass., boast of John Monaco 
concerning, 33. 

Medford (Meadford, Metford), Mass., 

42, 175- 
Meeting-house monument, 44. 



Mel vin, Captain, promise, 159. 

Memorial of the Present Deplorable 
State of New England, 95. 

Meriel, pretre, signature, no. 

Merrimack River: allusion to, 7, 169; 
Indians on the east side, 18; garrison, 
19 ; hunting on side, 50; Indians cross. 
66; attack near, 74; military pas- 
sage, 80. 

Merrimack Valley, braw! there, 9. 

Metcalf (Medcalf), Joseph, bayonet- 
man, 177. 

Metford (Medford), Mass., 175. 

Micheson, Thomas, paid, 45. 

Middlesex County, Mass., 17, 39, 40; 
troopers in, 12; committee, 41; 
court, 179; governor's tour, 86; reg- 
iments, 87 ; company disbanded, 146. 

Middlesex Probate Office, no; inven- 
tory in, 26. 

Middlesex Registry of Deeds, 183. 

Middlesex Upper Regiment, at Groton, 


Miles, Hezekiah, Indian, 72. 
Military watch, 64. 
Millard, Humphrey, paid, 47. 
Mill, Captain's, garrison, 107, 108. 
Missionary tour in Maine, 108. 
Mohokes (Mohawks), 50. 
Monaco (Monoco), John : principal in 

burning of Groton, 8 ; captain of In- 
dians, 32. 
Monadnock Mountain : Indians near, 

99; Wayman there, 101 ; Indians 

scalp-hunting there, 133. 
Montreal, Canada, 76, 109, 117, 122; 

prisoner there, 149. 
Moody, Samuel, on committee, 146. 
Moore, Captain Jacob, commander of 

cavalry, 53. 
Moors (Mores), Timothy, bayonet-man, 

154, 177- 

Moosehillock, Groton, 143. 
Morse (Mors, Moss), Jeremiah, paid, 

44, 46. 
Morse, John : town-clerk, 35 ; ransom, 

36- 43- 

Morse, Jonathan, clerk, 183. 
Moseley (Mosseley), Captain Samuel, 

16; helps Parker, 14; letter, 15. 

Moses and Aaron, allusion, 83. 
Moss-house, first, 108. 
Mousal, constable, 37. 
Mulpus Brook, Shirley, 188. 
Muster-roll of Captain Lawrence's com- 
pany, 163. 

Mutiny, ringleaders, 98. 
Myrick, John, 92. 

NAGOG Pond, Littleton, 188. 

Nahamcok, Indian village, 50. 

Nahaughton, Will, petition, 187. 

Narrative of the Captivity of Mrs. John- 
son, 149. 

Narrative of the Troubles with the In- 
dians in New England, 29 

Nashoba (Littleton), Mass., hill and 
brook, 189. 

Nashua '(Nashaway, Nashowah, Nash- 
oway), Mass., Moseley there, 15. 
(See Lancaster.) 

Nashua, N. H., 141. 

Nashua River, 133, 184, 189, 190; Indi- 
ans there, 87; enemy upon, 96; Shat- 
tucks near, 105; north side, 131; log- 
house, 145. 

Nashua tribe, few families belonging 
to, 7. 

Nashua Valley, savages there, 7. 

Nashubah (Nashoba), Mass., Indians 
there, 18. 

Nason, Rev. Elias, quoted, 43. 

Nasquuns, John, drunkard, 51. 

Nassacombewit, Indian, 67. 

Natacook Indians, 18. 

Nathaniel, principal Indian, 8. 

Natick, Mass., 184. 

Nehatchechin, drunken squaw, 51. 

Nerigawag (Norridgewock), Maine, 

Newbury (Newbery), Mass., situation, 

New England : ebbing waters in, 33 ; 
wish of Indian regarding, in; allu- 
sion, 121. 

New England Courant, 131. 

New England Historical and Genealo- 
gical Register, 1 1 1. 



New England Historic Genealogical 

Society, 22, 44, 71. 
New England's Tears, by B. Tompson, 


New Hampshire, 8 ; Concord in, 9 ; 
allusion, 52 ; offer made by, 133, 134. 

Newichewanick (Berwick), Maine, 53. 

News from New England, in London 
pamphlets, 29. 

Newton (New Cambridge), Mass., His- 
tory and men of, 92. 

New York City, 122. 

New York, Colonial History of, 72. 

New York State, Dutch in, 12. 

Nichols (Nicholes), Benjamin, soldier, 

Nichols, Captain Thomas, at court- 
martial, 98. 

Nichols, Colonel Ebenezer, regiment, 

Nichols, Samuel, private, 152. 

Nicholson, Captain Francis, letter, 52. 

Nissitisset River, Pepperell, 189. 

Nod, Groton locality, 62. 

Nomanacomak : Indian, 180; signature, 

Nonacoicus (Coicus), 62, 187, 189; in 
Aver, 13 ; Major Willard's quarters, 

Nonantinooah, Jacob, certificates re- 
lating to, 57, 58. 

Norfolk, Mass., a different county, 17. 

Norridgewock (Nerigawag, Norridge- 
awocke, Norridgwogg), Maine, 67, 
72, 73 ; man brought to, 108. 

North Common, Groton, 67. 

Northfield, Mass., 169; land adjoining, 

Northampton, Mass., letter from, 167. 

Notre Dame, Congregation, record 
there, no. 

Norway, N. Y., Tarbell's death there, 

Nourse, Henry Stedman, 179. 

Nova Scotia, 150, 170; expedition, 174. 

Nubanussuck Pond, \Yestford, 189. 

Nutfield (Londonderry), X. II., 136. 

Nutting (Xutten), Benjamin, soldier, 

X T utting, Ebenezer, left Groton, 104. 

Xutting, Ephraim, Jr., bayonet-man, 

Nutting, Ezekiel, private, 155. 

X'utting, Isaac, 165. 

Xutting, Isaac, Jr., private, 166, 167. 

Xutting, Jacob, private, 175; bayonet- 
man, 177. 

Xutting, James : in garrison, 59 ; signa- 
ture, 91. 

Xutting, John : house used as garrison, 
25 ; killed 43 ; in garrison, 59 ; soldier, 
165, 1 66. 

Xutting, John, Jr., private, 155, 165. 

Xutting, Jonathan: private, 153; peti- 
tion, 156. 

X T utting, Joseph, 165. 

Xutting, X'athaniel, private, 169. 

Xutting, Simeon, soldier, 165. 

X T utting, \Yilliam : testimony, 100 ; pri- 
vate, 155; paid, 172. 

OAKES, Thomas, speaker, 96. 
Old South Church, pastor of, 65. 
" One-eyed John " (nickname for Mon- 
aco), 8, 32. 

Osgood, Benjamin, soldier, 126. 
Osgood, Captain Thomas, his company, 

J 75- 

Osgood, David, soldier, 126. 
Ossipee (Ossipy), X T . H., fort there, 

136, 139- 

Ossipee River, 134. 

Outlands, neglected, 97. 

Outlying towns, condition of, 102. 

Out-towns, law regarding, 101. 

Oyster River (Durham), N. H., allu- 
sions, 72, 73. 

PAGE (Pag, Paige), Benjamin, private, 

1 52- 
Page, John: witness, 9, 10; on com- 
mittee, 20, 182; in Canada', 54; peti- 
tion, 55 ; his son, 56; in garrisons, 61 ; 
sergeant, 154; paid, 171; corporal, 

Page, Jonathan, about to leave Groton, 



Page, Joseph: corporal, 151; soldier, 

165; bayonet-man, 177. 
Page, Joseph, Jr., bayonet-man, 177. 
Palisades, pulled down, 27. 
Palmer, Mass., 112. 
Palmer, Benjamin, settled in garrison, 


Pamphlets on King Philip's War, 28. 
Paris, France, 64, 122. 
Parish (Paris, Parrish), John, 182, 184} 

in garrison, 59. 
Parish, Robert, witness, 9. 
Parker family, prominent, 154. 
Parker, Abiel, sergeant, 174. 
Parker, Abigail, in garrison, 61. 
Parker, Benjamin, under Lovewell, 


Parker, Captain Josiah : town-clerk, 
5 2 > 5 57; quoted, 70; petition, 
71; Nathaniel Healy under, 93 ; 
court-martial, 98; letter, 102. 

Parker, Eleazer (Eliezar) : constable, 
84 ; soldier, 165. 

Parker, Ephraim, private, 174. 

Parker, Gideon, private, 174. 

Parker, James, Sr. : acquaintance with 
Monaco, 8; lieutenant and captain, 
12, 52, 53, 59, 82; letters, 14, 15, 49, 
50; at Dunstable, 19; on commit- 
tee, 20 ; suppliant, 22, 23 ; escape to 
house of. 27 ; garrison, 32, 59, 62 ; 
house fired, 35; Indians on land, 38; 
selectman, 79 ; sergeant, 192. 

Parker, James, Jr. : casualties in fam- 
ily, 67; killed, children captives, 70. 

Parker, John, Jr., private, 155. 

Parker, Jonas, private, 155. 

Parker, Jonathan : paid, 45 ; private, 

Parker, Joseph : testimony, 58 ; in gar- 
rison, 6l ; private, 155. 

Parker, Lemuel, bayonet-man, 177. 

Parker, Leonard, soldier, 165, 166. 

Parker, Lieutenant Isaac, 148; captured, 

Parker, Nathaniel : about to leave Gro- 
ton, 104; private, 155, 165, 166; paid, 

Parker, Obadiah, sergeant, 151. 

Parker, Oliver, soldier, 164. 

Parker, Peter, private, 155; bayonet- 
man, 177. 
Parker, Phinehas (Phinias) : child of 

James, Jr., 70; soldier, 126; sergeant, 

128; private, 175. 
Parker, Samuel : in garrison, 59, 107 ; 

selectman, 84 97; signature, 91. 
Parker, Silas, private, 175. 
Parker, William, soldier, 165. 
Parker, William, Jr., bayonet-man, 177. 
Parker, Zachariah, in garrison, 59. 
Parkhurst, Joel, not enlisted, 166. 
Parkman, Francis, historian, 64. 
Partridges in St. Regis, 119. 
Pascaud, M. Etienne, signature, no. 
Pasmore, Richard, paid, 47. $. 

Patatuck, Jacob, Indian, 183-185. 
Patch, Jonathan, private, 152. 
Patch, Isaac, private, 169. 
Patch, Isaac, Jr., private, 155, 169. 
Patterson (Paterson), Joseph : scout, 

154; private, 175. 
Paugus : Indian chief, 134, 137; killed 

by John Chamberlain, 138, 139; his 

avengers, 140-145. 
Paugus's Hole, 145. 
Paugus Brook, 145. 
Payne, Thomas, servant, n. 
Pearce, Simon, sergeant, 154. 
Peirce, Stephen, soldier, 165. 
Penacook ( Penecooke, Penicooke, Pen- 

nakooke, Pennycooke),now Concord, 

N. II., 9-11, 52; Indians there, 18; 

not advisable to go there, 19. 
Penhallow, Judge Samuel, historian, 

87,92,94,95, 131, 132. 
Penobscot Indians, 65. 
Pepperell (Pepperrell, Pepperil), Mass., 

173, 175, 188. 
Pequawket (Pequaket, Piggwacket) : 

fight there, 107, 134, 142 ; tribe, 

Perham (Paraham, Parham, Perrum), 

John : in garrison, 60; sergeant, 100. 
Perham, Joseph, leaving Groton, 104. 
Perry, Obadiah, soldier, 165. 
Petaupaukett (Petapawage, Petapawav, 

Petapowok, Petobawok), Indian name 

of Groton, 179, 189. 
Peter, the Big Speak, 120. 



Pettipaug (Pautapaug, Poattapoge, 
Potabauge), Indian name for Say- 
brook (Essex), Conn., 190. 

Phelps, Jonathan: private, 165-167; 
bayonet-man, 177. 

Philbrick (Filbrick, Filbrook, Philbrek, 
Philbrook), Ephraim (Ephrain) : in 
garrison, 60, 107 ; private, 153. 

Phillips, Seth, bayonet-man, 177. 

Phips, Hon. Spencer, letter, 169, 170. 

Phips, Sir William, governor, 55. 

Physicians, 136; scarcity of, 16. 

Pierce, Daniel, in garrison, 60. 

Pierce, Isaac, private, 152. 

Pierce, Jonathan, bayonet-man, 177. 

Pierce, Stephen, bayonet-man, 177. 

Pierce, Thomas, 167. 

Piggwacket (Pequawket), fight, 135, 136. 

Pike, Rev. John, journal, 65, 92, 104. 

Piscatacjua (Pescadoue), 64. 

Pollard, Daniel, private, 155. 

Pollard, Joseph, paid, 47. 

Pompequoonet (Mr. John), 185. 

Pontchartrain, minister, 64. 

Pootuppog (bay), 190. 

Portland, Maine, 68. 

Potapaco (Port Tobacco), Md., 190. 

Potomac River, 190. 

Potter, John, paid, 47. 

Potter, Judge Chandler Eastman, au- 
thor, 136, 138. 

Powers, David, Jr., private, 152. 

Powers, Pilot Jerahl, private, 154. 

Powers, Thomas, private, 152. 

Pratt, John : succeeds Chubbuck, 54 ; 
corporal, 151. 

Pratt, Jonathan, bayonet-man, 177. 

Prescott (Prescot) family, prominent, 

Prescott, Abigail Oliver, 151. 

Prescott, Benjamin : 151 ; treasurer, 
127 ; ordered to garrison, 128. 

Prescott, Captain Jonathan, at court- 
martial, 98. 

Prescott, Colonel Charles, 166. 

Prescott, Colonel William : ancestry, 
87; company-clerk, i;i, 152. 

Prescott, Dr. Oliver, paid, 172. 

Prescott, James : lieutenant. 151 ; paid, 
'55- I 7 l ' guardian, 165, captain, 177. 

Prescott, Jonas : lieutenant, 52, 53 ; 
in garrison, 60; captain, 86; signa- 
ture, 91,97; court-martial, 9^ ; daugh- 
ters, 151. 

Prescott, Jonathan : chyrurgeon, bill of, 
56; private, 155- 

Prescott, William Hickling, historian, 


Priest, Eleazer, captured, 150. 

Priest, John, private, 152. 

Priest, Joseph, 150. 

Prince Collection, 35. 

Prisoners, sold to the French, 66. 

Prout, Captain, orders issued to, 53. 

Prout, Ebcnezer, clerk, 54. 

Province galley, 71, 82, 

Province of Massachusetts Bay, 172. 

QUABOG (Quabauge, Quobaog, Quoah- 

bauge), Brookfield, Mass., 14-19; 

sagamore of, 33. 
Quagnisheman (James Indian), of Cat- 

taconamak, 179. 
Quannapohit (Quanapaug, James Rum- 

bly Marsh), 186. 
Quebec, Canada, 120, 122; journey to, 

Hi; allusion, 141. 
Quincy, Josiah, speaker, 114, 115. 
Quosopanagon (Ponikin, Quasaponi- 

kin), meadow and hill, 189. 

RA\VSON, "Edward, secretary, 10, n, 17, 

!Q. 24, 37, 43. 49 
Read, John, on committee, 115. 
Read, Samuel, paid, 44. 
Red Bridge, Groton, 7. 
Reading (Redding, Reding), Mass., So ; 

commissioner from, 42. 
Reed, Captain, 169. 
Region, Thomas, paid, 47. 
Relation, French, 65. 
Remington, Jonathan, commissary, 54. 
Ripley, Rev. Sylvanus, in Canada, 120- 

Representatives, House of, 6S. 91. 9-;. 

95-97, 114, 125, 127, 130, 132, 146, 

'53. i S 6 - '59- 



Revolution, soldiers in the, 154. 
Rice, Charles, private, 175. 
Richardson, Benjamin, soldier, 165. 
Richardson, Jephthah (Japtha), private, 


Richmond (Richman's) Island, 81. 
Robbins (Robin), Robert (Robart), 186; 

in garrison, 60; selectman, 97. 
Robins, Benjamin, private, 175. 
Robins, Elijah, private, 175. 
Robins, Isaac, private, 176. 
Robins, Philip, 165. 
Robins, Robert, Jr., private, 153. 
Robinson, Amos, private, 152. 
Robinson, James, in garrison, 59. 
Rockwood, Elisha, sergeant, 177. 
Rockwood, Elisha, Jr., bayonet-man, 

Rogers, William, Jr.: signature, 113; 

money owed to, 116. 
Rome, Italy, 122. 
Ropes, holding up, 139. 
Rouse (Rouce), Alexander: casualties 

in family, 67 ; killed, 71. 
Rouse, Tamasin (Thomasine) : at Casco 

Bay, 71 ; captive, 82. 
Rowley, Mass., commissioner from, 42. 
Roxbury, Mass. : boast concerning, 33 ; 

governor at, 103. 

Rumney Marsh (Chelsea), Mass., 186. 
Rundlett, holding six gallons, n. 
Rural Harmony, 191. 
Russel, Mr., quoted, 108. 
Russell, Elijah, editor, 140. 
Russell, John, on committee, 146. 
Russell's Echo, 140. 
Rutland, Mass.: men there, 146; scout 

in, 129. 
Rye and Indian, 142. 

SACO Pond, company, 137. 
Sagamore John, 187. 
Sagamore Sam, 33. 
Sa-kon-en-tsi-ask, Indian chief, 118. 
Salem, Mass., 115, 191 ; commissioners 

from, 42. 

Saltonstall, Governor, quoted, 133. 
Salmon Falls, N. H., 54. 

Salt, supplied, 53. 

Sanders, William, in garrison, 59. 

Saunders, David, private, 175. 

Saunderson, Rev. Henry 11., author, 

Saunderson, William, drummer, 175. 

Savage's Genealogical Dictionary, 17. 

Sawtell (Sartell, Sartwell, Satell), fam- 
ily, descended from Obadiah, 149. 

Sawtell, Abel : soldier, 160, 165 ; fire- 
arms, 1 68. 

Sawtell, David: soldier, 126, 165; pe- 
tition, 162; bayonet-man, 177. 

Sawtell, David, Jr., private, 152. 

Sawtell, Ephraim, Jr., bayonet-man, 

Sawtell, Hezekiah, sergeant, 151. 

Sawtell, Jonathan, private, 155. 

Sawtell, Joseph, petition, 165. 

Sawtell, Josiah : petition, 147; clerk, 

155; P akl > '7-- 

Sawtell, Moses, soldier, 164. 

Sawtell, Nathaniel, private, 176. 

Sawtell, Obadiah, 148 ; sad experience, 
149, 150; bayonet-man, 177. 

Sawtell, Richard: his tale, 25; town- 
clerk, 191, 192. 

Sawtell, Samuel, private, 174. 

Sawtell, Zachariah : about to leave 
Groton, 104; private, 152. 

Sawyer, Ezra, soldier, 126. 

Sawyer, Samuel, soldier, 126. 

Saybrook, Conn., 190. 

Scorpions, 83. 

Scott, John, 165. 

Scott, Lieutenant-Colonel George, com- 
pany, 175. 

Scott, Thomas, soldier, 165-167. 

Scripture (Screpter, Scripter), Samuel : 
in garrison, 60, examination, 100; 
soldier, 126, 228. 

Scripture, Samuel. Jr., private, i ^2. 

Seager (Seger), Ebenezer, killed, 92 ; 
one brother, prisoner, 92. 

Seager, Henry: petition, 93 ; his mark, 


Sermon booke, 76. 

Serpents, finny, allusion. 83. 

Severance, Ephraim, soldier, 164; bayo- 
net-man, 177. 



Sewall, Chief-Justice Samuel, 67, 84; 
diary, 65; tour in -Middlesex County, 
86. ' 

Sewall, Rev. Samuel, historian, 88. 

Sharrow (Sherrow), Mary, landlady, 
158, 159. 

Shattuck (Shadock, Shaddock), family : 
fatality of, 106; prominent, 154. 

Shattuck, Benjamin, soldier, 165. 

Shattuck, David: soldier, 164; bayonet- 
man, 177. 

Shattuck, David, Jr., soldier, 165. 

Shattuck, James, 126, 128. 

Shattuck, James, Jr., 154. 

Shattuck, Jeremiah : private, 155; cap- 
tain, 166, 167; bayonet-man, 177. 

Shattuck, Job, bayonet-man, 177. 

Shattuck, John : in garrison, 59 ; drown- 
ing, widow, 61 ; about to leave Gro- 
ton, 104; shot, 105; memorial stone, 
106; private, 155. 

Shattuck, Jonathan, private, 154. 

Shattuck, Lemuel, author, 58, 63. 

Shattuck, Mr., garrison, 107, 108. 

Shattuck, Xathaniel, private, 155, 169. 

Shattuck, Oliver, soldier, 164, 166, 167. 

Shattuck, Ruth, 106. 

Shattuck, Samuel: testimony, 100; 
about to leave Groton, 104; under 
Lovewell, 135. 

Shattuck, Solomon, not enlisted, 166. 

Shattuck, Thomas, private, 165-167. 

Shattuck, William, about to leave Gro- 
ton, 104. 

Shattuck Manuscripts, 22, 38, 49, 52, ^4. 

Shattuck Memorials, 63. 

Shed, William, private, 176. 

Shepley (Shceple, Sheple, Sheples, 
Shipley, Shiply, Shlpple), family: 
massacre and monument, 67 ; promi- 
nent, 154. 

Shepley, Elizabeth, paid, 172. 

Shepley, General George Foster, Jus- 
tice of circuit court, 68. 

Shepley, Hon. Ether, Chief-Justice, 68. 

Shepley, John : casualties in family, 67 ; 
petitioner, 69; captive, 72; ensign, 
107, 108; private, 169, paid, 171. 

Shepley, Jonathan: soldier, 126, 165; 
sergeant, 128. 

Shepley, Joseph, private, 155. 

Shepley, Josiah, bayonet-man, 177. 

Shepley, Lemuel, soldier, 165. 

Shetucket River, 190. 

Shirley (Shearly), Lieutcnant-Govcrnor 
William, 157 ; company named after, 

Shirley, Mass., 174, 188. 
' Shrewsbury, Mass., 127. 
i Sill, Captain Joseph: dragoons, 30; at 
Groton, 33; at the Ridges, 35; com- 
mand of garrison, 36; powder lent 
_to, 37. 

Simonds, William, private, 152. 

Simons, Benjamin, paid, 45. 

Smith, Captain John, map, 190. 

Smith, Mathias, paid, 46. 

Smith, Nathaniel, private, 155. 

Smith, Oliver, blankets, 167. 

Smith, Pelatiah, paid, 45. 

Smith, Richard, witness, 180. 

Soldiers, paid, 44. 

Souhegan, allusion, 50. 

Spain, war with England, 86. 

Spaulding, Andrew, 164. 

Spaulding, Eleazer, soldier, 164, 166, 
167, 176. 

Spaulding, Leonard, soldier, 163. 
I Spaulding, William, corporal, 176. 

Sprague, Conn., 190. 

Sprague, Jonathan, paid, 45. 

Springfield, Mass., 112 

Squagh (Squaw), commanded by hus- 
band, 1 1. 

Squannacook (West Groton), village 
and river, 123, 189, 190. 

St. Baptiste, corruption of, 120. 

St. Francis Indians, at Charlestown, 
N. II., U9. 

St. George's Fort, Maine, 156. 

St. Lawrence River, no; Tarbells es- 
tablished near, 117, Lord Amherst 
descending, 1 19. 

St. Regis, Canada: chief at, 116, estab- 
lished, 117 ; paintings in. 123. 

Stacey, interpreter from Ipswich, 121. 

Stanley, Onesiphorus, paid, 45. 

Starling, Daniel, paid, 45. 

State Mouse : documents at, 9 ; allu- 
sion, 65 ; petition, 157. 


21 I 

Stearns (Sternes), Shubael (Shuball, 

Subaell), paid, 45-46. 
Stephens, Captain Phineas, 175. 
Stephens, John, soldier, 126. 
Stevens, Cyprian, paid, 46. 
Stevens, Jonathan, private, 176. 
Steward, Benjamin, private, 152. 
Stoddard, John, sent to Quebec, in. 
Stone (Stones), Abiel, private, 152. 
Stone, Benjamin, paid, 171. 
Stone, James, paid, 171. 
Stone, John: in garrison, 60; about 

to leave Groton, 104 ; bayonet-man, 


Stone, Jonas, bayonet-man, 177. 

Stone, Jonathan, bayonet-man, 177. 

Stone, Mr., garrison, 107. 

Stone, Nathaniel, bayonet-man, 177. 

Stone, Simon: paid, 46; wounded, 56; 
descent of, 57 ; in garrison, 60 ; select- 
man, 84. 

Stony Fordway, Groton, attack, 105. 

Stoughton, Lieutenant-Governor Wil- 
liam: allusion, 24; proclamation, 72; 
letter, 80. 

Sudbury, Mass. : mischief by Indians, 
28 ; strengthened, 39 ; strokes made 
on, 92. 

Suffolk Horse, at Groton, 53. 

Sumers (Summers), Mr., house of, 58. 

Sweyne, Jeremy, quoted, 54. 

Symmes, Rev. Mr., sermon, 134-140. 

TABLE, Hubbard's, quoted, 33. 

Tadmuck Brook, Westford, 189. 

Tarbell (Tarbal, Tarball, Tarble, Tar- 
bol, Tarbull), brothers: bill against, 
112; petition, 113. 

Tarbell children: captured, 106; pris- 
oners, 109; turn Indians, 116; story, 
117-120; captives, 123; stone erect- 
ed, 124. 

Tarbell, Captain Thomas, scout, 1 54. 

Tarbell, Corporal : discovers enemy ; 
99; garrison, 107, 108. 

Tarbell, David, bayonet-man, 177. 

Tarbell, Eleazer (Eleazor), 120; private, 

Tarbell, James, private, 152. 

Tarbell, John : return to Groton, 1 1 1 ; 
private, 153. 

Tarbell, Lesor (Eleazer), 120. 

Tarbell, Loran, 119. 

Tarbell, Louis, 120; in War of the Re- 
bellion, 124. 

Tarbell, Mitchel, 120. 

Tarbell, Peter, 120. 

Tarbell, Samuel, 165; under Love well, 


Tarbell, Sarah, baptized, no. 
Tarbell, Sergeant, offer, 101. 
Tarbell, Thomas : testimony, 58 ; in 

garrison, 59; selectman, 84; ser- 
geant, 98; will, no, in; petition, 

115, 119 ; paid, 171. 
Tarbell, Thomas, Jr.: witness, 9, 10; 

land-grant, 189. 

Tarbell, William, petition, 153. 
Tarbell, Zachariah : return to Groton, 

in ; private, 175. 
Taxes, 83; in Groton, 79. 
Taxous (Toxus) : Abenaqui chief, 64 ; 

expedition, 65 ; two nephews killed, 


Tayler, Gillam, physician, 158. 
Taylor, Hugh, paid, 45. 
Taylor, Lieutenant Joseph, in Canada, 

Taylor, Major, 87 ; at Groton, 68, 69 ; 

colonel, 95. 

Taylor, Sebread, paid, 45. 
Tedd, John, paid, 45. 
Tenney, Samuel, private, 152. 
Terry, Ebenezer, on committee, 146. 
The Ridges, Groton, 35. 
Thirty-fourth New York Volunteers, 


Thursten, Peter, not enlisted, 166. 
Ticonderoga, N. Y., 162, 178. 
Tileston & Hollingsworth, stone raised 

by, 105. 
Tinker, John, selectman, 8 ; Indian 

traffic, 179, 180. 
Tiverton, R. I., 115. 
j Toby, Indian, 136. 

i Tohaunto, chief, 1 1 .- temperance of, 9. 
Tom, Captain, petition, 187. 
j Tompson, Benjamin, poet, 13. 



Topsfield, Mass., 191 ; commissioner 

from, 42. 

Torakaron (Tarbell), Joseph, in Eu- 
rope, 122. 

Torrey, Rufus C., author, 153. 
Torrey, William, clerk, 49. 
Town Hall, Groton, 25, 27, 62. 
Town-meeting, 1675, - > on Christ- i 

mas, 133. 

Town militia, preserving frontiers, 103. 
Townsend, Mass., 173, 175. 
Townsend, Penn, speaker, 84. 
Trowbridge (Trobridge), John, private, 


Trucking-house, n. 
Trulove, Morris, paid, 47. 
Trumbull. James Hammond, letter, 189. 
Tucker, William, private, 152. 
Turkey Hills (Lunenburg), Mass., 146; 

men posted at, 128, 129. 
Turner, Lemuel, private, 175. 
Turner, Nathaniel, private, 175. 
Turner, Nehemiah, bayonet-man, 177. 
Tyng (Ting, Tinges, Tings, Tyngs), 

Colonel William. 146. 
Tyng, Edward, allusion, 49. 
Tyng, Jonathan : allusion, 24; petition 

'68 ; order, So. 

UNQUETEXASSETT (Unquetenorset, Un- 

quety) Brook, 189. 

Upper Regiment, Middlesex County. 87. 
Usher, Hezekiah : garrison supplied, 

53 ; will, 62. 
Usher, John : letter, 63; soldier, 126. 

VERMONT Historical Gazetteer, 162. 


Villieu, Lieutenant Sebastian de, expe- 
dition, 65. 

WAAKAN (Waban), Thomas, 184. 
Wabansconcett, locality. 189. 
Wachuset (Wochoosett) Mountain, 


Wade, Major Nathaniel, commander of 

expedition to Canada, 54. 55. 

Waldo, John, paid, 46. 

Waldo Tapers, 76. 

Waldron (Waldern), Captain Richard, 

trading-house, 9, 11. 
Waldron, Daniel, deposition, 10. 
Walker, Seth, in Charlestown, 150. 
Walmer (Warner), Samuel, in garrison, 


Wamesit : village, 18; situation, 42. 

Wamesit Indians, near Lowell, 22. 

Wamscahacet ( Wamscahacetts, Wom- 
scahacett, Womscahacet), Indian, 
180; signature, 181. 

Wannalanset ( Wanalanset), Indian sa- 
chem. 18 ; information by, 49. 

Warren (Warrin), Abijah, bayonet-man, 

Warren, William, private, 152. 

Wars of New England, 87. 

Warumbee, Indian, 73. 

Watertown (Watertowne), Mass. : relief 
from, 30; boast concerning, 33 ; sol- 
diers from, 34: commissioner from, 

Wattle's Pond, Groton, 145. 

Wayman (Wyman), Seth, trial, 98-101. 

Wells, Thomas, on committee, 1 1 ;. 

Wenham, Mass., 115; commissioner 
from, 42. 

Wesson, Captain Ephraim : letter, 162, 
163 ; lieutenant, 166. 

Wesson, Isaac, private, 169. 

Wesson, Nathan, soldier, 165-167. 

Wesson, Nathaniel, private, 169. 

Wesson, Stephen, 165. 

Westenhook, N. V., 112. 

Westfield, Mass., 112. 

Westford, Mass., 153, 174, 17;, 188, 

Weston, Mass., 176. 

West Regiment, Middlesex County. 59. 

Wethe (Wilthe, Withee), Zachariah, 
private, 169. 

Wetmore, Judge William, 191. 

Weymessitt (Wamesit); garrison, 39; 
allusion, 184. 

Wheat, Joshua, in garrison, 61. 

Wheeler (Wheler), Abraham, paid. 171. 

Wheeler, Captain Thomas: letter, 16; 
suppliant, 23. 



Wheeler, Ephraim, soldier, 126. 

Wheeler, Josiah, paid, 45. 

Wheeler, Moses, pioneer, 150. 

Wheeler, Simon : soldier, 165 ; gun lost, 

Wheelock, Eleazer, D. D., author, 121. 

Wheelock, Joseph, soldier, 126. 

Whipple (Whiple), Eleazer, private, 

Whipple, Nathan: private, 175; bayo- 
net-man, 177. 

Whitcomb (Whitcom), John, witness, 
180, 181. 

Whitcomb, Oliver, private, 152. 

White, Ebenezer, corporal, 54. 

White, John, Jr., private, 152. 

White, Nathaniel, private, 152. 

Whiting (Whitting), Joshua, in garri- 
son, 60. 

Whiting, Joshua, Jr., in garrison, 60. 

Whitman, John, private, 152. 

Whitney (Whitting), the name, 61. 

Whitney, Cornelius (Corenallus), about 
to leave Groton, 104. 

Whitney (Whittney), Deacon, 107. 

Whitney, Josiah, about to leave Groton, 

Whitney, Samuel, paid, 44. 

Widow Nutting, John's wife, 27. 

Widow Squaw (Squa) : question sub- 
mitted to, 94; penalty decided by, 


\Vilder, Colonel Oliver, 166. 
Wilder (Wyler), Lieutenant Nathaniel, 


Willard (Wellard), Aaron, soldier, 126. 
Willard, Captain Abijah, his company, 


Willard, Captain Benjamin, at court- 
martial, 98. 

Willard, Colonel Joseph, Fort Dum- 
mer, 156. 

Willard, Henry, under Lovewell, 135. 

Willard, Josiah : secretary, 115; letter, 

'45. H6- 

Willard, Major Simon: witness, 10; 
prominent man, 13; helps Parker, 14; 
communication, 19; petition, 21 ; sup- 
pliant, 22; unable to relieve Groton, 
34; paid, 47 ; allusion, 171. 

Willard, Miriam, captured, 149. 

Willard, Moses : killed, 149; in Charles- 
town, 150. 

Willard, Moses, Jr., narrow escape, 

Willard, Rev. Samuel: petition, 21; 
hand-writing, 22 ; Indian taunts, 28 ; 
facts obtained from, 29 ; garrison, 
38; garret, 39; allusion, 156. 

Willard, Sarah, 65. 

Willard house, used as garrison, 25. 

William Henry, fort, N. Y., siege, 178. 

Williams, Captain Stephen, court-mar- 
tial, 98. 

Williams, Isaac, private, 176. 

Williams, Jason, soldier, 128. 

Williams, John, sent to Quebec, in. 

Williams, Josiah, private, 174. 

Williams, Mrs. Eunice, 122. 

Williams, Rev. John, captured from 
Deerfield, 121. 

Willis, Zachariah, soldier, 165. 

\Vilson, Benjamin, sergeant, 88. 

Wilthe (Wethe, Withee), Zachariah, 
private, 169. 

Winslow, General John, 158; journal, 

Winslow, Jacob, paid, 45. 

Winslow, Maine, 158. 

Winter, hard, 97. 

Wiswell, Captain Noah : finds no en- 
emy, 54; Indian under his command, 

Withee (Wethe, Wilthe), Zachariah, 

private, 169. 

Woburn (Wooburne), Mass. : inhabi- 
tants sitting on the fence, 42 ; letter, 
So; History, 88; allusion, 137. 

Wochoosett (Wachuset) Mountain, 129. 

Wood, Bennet, private, 1152. 

Wood, Eleazer (Eleazor), private, 152. 

Wood, Elizabeth, no. 

Wood, John, paid, 45. 

Wood, Thomas, paid, 45. 

Woods (Wods, Woodes), Aaron, pri- 
vate, 155. 

Woods, Alice (Alse) : wife of Samuel, 
38 ; in Willard's garret, 39. 

Woods, Benjamin, soldier, 165. 

Woods, Daniel, killed, 134. 



Woods, Eber, garrison, near house of, 

Woods, Henry: suppliant, 23; petition, 

158-160; letter, 162; soldier, 163. 
Woods, Isaac: soldier, 126, 128; paid, 


Woods, John, 165; lieutenant, 151. 
Woods, John, Jr., bayonet-man, 177. 
Woods, Jona, private, 176. 
Woods, Jonas, private, 169. 
Woods, Moses : private, 155 ; corporal, 


Woods, Nathaniel : selectman, 97 ; 
about to leave Groton, 104. 

Woods, Nathaniel, Jr., 153; bayonet- 
man, 177. 

Woods, Reuben (Ruben): private, 152, 
155; sergeant, 177. 

Woods, Samuel, in garrison, 61. 

Woods, Thomas : in garrison, 61 ; 
killed, 134; private, 155. 

Woolley, Charles, authority, 145. 

Worcester, Mass., 168. 

Wright, David, private, 176. 

Wright, Jo.siah, private, 176. 

Wright, Oliver: soldier, 164; sergeant, 
1 68. 

Wyler (Wilder), Lieutenant Nathaniel, 


! Wyman (\\ayman), Ensign Seth, com- 
mander, 137, 138. 

XAVIER, St. Francis, portrait, 123. 
YEOMAN, 175, 176. 

University Press : John Wilson and Son, Cambridge. 


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