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Full text of "The half century of California Odd fellowship .."

THE 



HALF CENTURY 



OF 



California Odd fellowship 



ILLUSTRATED 

BY 

GEO. H. TINKHAM 

Newspaper Writer and Author of "History of Stockton, and the 
Stockton I. O. O. F. Lodges." 



1906: 

Record Publishing Co. 

STOCKTON 



Copyright applied for by George H. Tinl^ham. 



;Y 



J0798I ^^^^^-5 



INTRODUCTION. 

t^* 5^* 5^* 



To-day we are living in a commercial, a money-making age, 
the pessimist tells us, and in the footsteps of the Perfect Man 
we are making no progress. 

Never was there a more unreliable statement made, for 
the dawn of this century saw in existence more charitable and 
benevolent organizations than in any previous period of time. 
Organizations in which men and women have bound them- 
selves together under various social names, each institution 
striving to accomplish the most in helpful assistance. 

In this grand work for humanity. Odd Fellowship leads, 
and beneath its white three-linked banner a million and a half 
Odd Fellows and a half million Rebekahs march, Faith, Hope 
and Charity their watch-word — Friendship, Truth and Love, 
their battle cry. This army, like the Crusaders of old, gathers 
increasing numbers, power and enthusiasm as it moves 
through the century, and before I pen its record on this west- 
em shore, let us learn something of its God-ordained American 
origin. 

Five years after the close of the war between England and 
the United States, an Englishman by the name of Thomas 
Wildey had the courage to emigrate to the enemies' country. 
The Americans then had no love for the Britons, and yet 
Thomas Wildey, with his wife, landed at Baltimore looking 
for work. In his veins there flowed no royal blood; no kingly 
heritage had he. He was of the lowly class — a common 
mechanic — a coach-spring maker; and yet, within his heart 
there was the ring of true manhood, and his name was des- 
tined to rest among the immortals. 

On his arrival in the Monumental City he found a pesti- 
lence raging. Did he flee from the plague, or sit idly by, look- 
ing on? Could a man do that who had for twenty years been 



yyj\)\ 



■'MM; :) 



4 CALIFORNIA ODD FELLOWSHIP. 

an active worker in the ranks of the English Odd Fellows, 
Certainly not. "He was made of sterner stuff," and although 
and who had not only been a worker but a lodge organizer? 
we have no record — for he was/ a silent man regarding his 
American life — no doubt he was among the foremost to "visit 
the sick, relieve the distressed and bury the dead." The fever 
was soon stamped out, and Wildey found employment. 

Over in England they had their taverns or ale houses, 
where the commoners assembled for sociability, a drink, a 
song or a smoke, and Wildey, of a strong social nature, was 
there also a leader. Here, he was a stranger in the new 
country of his adoption, and naturally seeking friends and 
companions, one of his first acquaintances was John Welch, 
another Briton. 

Two years have passed; it is our anniversary year, 1819, 
Wildey and Welch are still in Baltimore, for traveling then 
was very expensive and very slow; and one day, while they 
were conversing of society and events in Old England, Wildey 
exclaimed: "I know of a society you want in this country, 
the Odd Fellows." Immediately, Welch replied: "I am an Odd 
Fellow, a Past Grand of Birmingham Lodge; but I have never 
met an Odd Fellow in this country, nor have I heard of such a 
society in America." This remark was a surprise, for Wildey 
thought that in Baltimore, with its 60,000 people, there would 
be many Odd Fellows. 

The desire that was afterward implanted in the California 
Odd Fellows took possession of Wildey, and he resolved to 
institute a lodge of his beloved Order in i^altimore. Five, 
according to English law, were enough to institute a lodge, 
but they failed to find another brother, although they made 
diligent inquiry for several weeks. 

Not in the least discouraged, Wildey now resolved to seek 
the assistance of the press in his search for brothers, and 
February 13th, in the Baltimore American, this announcement 
appeared : 

"A few members of the society of Odd Fellows 
would be glad to meet their brethren for con- 
sultation upon the subject of forming a lodge. 
The meeting will be held on Tuesday evening, 
the 2d of March." 



CALIFORNIA ODD FELLOWSHIP. 5 

The call was answered by the two Odd Fellows, Richard Rush- 
ford and John Duncan, and a subsequent advertisement found 
Richard Cheatham. 

As the brothers were all poor men, they held their pre- 
liminary meetings in a tavern, one of these being the "Three 
Loggerheads," such places being selected because the "host" 
anticipating the fact that the persons assembled would 
patronize his bar, gave them, free of cost, the room, lights and 
fire. We do not know just how many preliminary meetings 
were held, but when they assembled April 2d they adjourned 
to meet April 26th, in the "Seven Stars," kept by Thomas 
Lupton. 

Thus it is that the "Seven Stars" comes^own in history as 
a most important place, because it is the olrth-spot of Ameri- 
can Odd Fellowship. 

That night, April 26th, 1819, the little band of five 
assembled and instituted a lodge. We have but the merest 
outline of their most important proceedings, for they were men 
of no infiuence in the community, and being Englishmen, their 
secret meetings were regarded with suspicion. All we know 
is that Thomas Wildey, first taking the obligation, then gave 
it to the other brothers. They named their little lodge Wash- 
ington, No. 1, and elected Thomas Wildey Noble Grand and 
John Welch Vice Grand. 

The lodge was instituted as a purely social institution — 
a fact which now we have lost sight of in our, endeavors "to 
put money in our purse" — and the relief of sick and needy 
brothers was a side issiie. They were a social, jolly band, 
and to assist them in their good times and also increase their 
lodge funds, they had a bar in a corner of the room, and there 
wines, beer and liquor was dispensed by a bar-tender who was 
known as the "host." 'This bar," said Brother Pryor, "was 
one of the lodge incomes, for the receipts for the sale of liquor 
became a part of the lodge funds. This fund was also in- 
creased by a penny a week tax from each brother, and if a 
brother, traveling, was in need of assistance, they passed 
around the ax for contributions." 

The liquor drinking habit in those days was common with 
all classes, and in the lodge room, as the money spent was for 



6 CALIFORNIA ODD PELLOWSHIt*. 

a good purpose, it had a tendency to cause the most generous 
brothers to imbibe too freely; and it was on one of these 
occasions to which Thomas Kennedy, afterwards a Grand Sire, 
referred when he said that in walking the streets of Baltimore 
one evening in 1822, he stopped to listen to a "jolly good party" 
in the second story of a tavern. First he heard a tenor singing 

"Old King Cole was a merry old soul, 
A merry old soul was he." 

The song was encored by a loud clapping of hands. Then 
came a recitation from "Richard III," and following this came 
a song, "The Little Chimney Sweep." The program concluded 
with a chorus in which all the brothers joined: 

"Then let us throw all care aside. 
Let's merry be and mellow; 
May Friendship, Love and Truth abide 
With every true Odd Fellow." 

Their liquor drinking habits, however, were very severely 
reprimanded by the Masonic lodge of Baltimore, and they took 
heed of the lesson. Ridgely tells us that Augustus Mathiot, a 
very prominent Odd Fellow, applied for membership in the 
Masonic Order. He was black-balled because he belonged to 
the "bacchanalian club of Odd Fellows." The rejection cut 
Mathiot to the quick, and he resolved if possible to blot out 
the stigma. He succeeded for a time, and Washington Lodge, 
No. 1, through Mathiot's labors, passed the first temperance 
law: "That hereafter this lodge. No. 1, will abolish the use of 
every kind of liquor in the lodge room." This was known as 
the Maryland reform, and it was unfortunate that the Grand 
Lodge of the United States, organized in 1823, did not adopt 
this reform until 1865. 

Washington Lodge at first struggled hard for life, but in 
1821 it had grown so rapidly it became necessary to separate 
the legislative from the operative part of the Order. The 
Past Grands assembled, Washington Lodge surrendered to 
them her charter granted by the Duke of York Lodge, England, 
and February 22d the Grand Lodge of Maryland was organ- 
ized with the following Grand officers, all mechanics, "the bone 
and sinew" of the land: 



CALIFORNIA ODD FELLOWSHIP. 7 

M. W. G. M., Thomas Wildey, coach-spring maker. 

D. G. M., John P. Entwisle, printer. 

G. S., John Welch, house and ship carpenter. 

G. T., John Boyd, mahogany sawyer. 

Grand Guard, Wm. Larkin, cabinet maker. 
Five years later, 1826, the Grand Lodge of the United States 
was organized, and they retained this name until 1879, at 
which time the name was changed to Sovereign Grand Lodge, 
because their authority then extended to lands beyond the 
United States. 

In the early forties, from various causes, secession from 
the Manchester Unity was freely discussed, and in 1843 they 

"Resolved that all communication between the 
Manchester Unity and the Grand Lodge be 
and hereby is forthwith severed." * * * 

The causes which led to the secession were many in number, 
but the principal cause was the refusal of the Unity to permit 
the American lodge to abolish the bar from the lodge room. 
The Americans desired to adopt the tv/o beautiful degrees 
written by John Entwisle, the printer. The Unity refused to 
adopt the degrees or sanction their use in the American work; 
while the encampment branch, born on this side of the Atlan- 
tic, the Unity would not even recognize. So it was with many 
less important changes, the Unity would permit none of them. 
It was with deep regret that Father Wildey separated from 
the Unity, for he had many warm friends in England; but his 
heart rejoiced four years later, 1846, when he learned that 
Gilbert Watson had institute* a lodge of Odd Fellows in the 
far-off Pacific, at Honolulu, Sandwich Islands. This brings 
us up to the half century of California Odd Fellowship. 



HALF CENTURY 

OF 

CALIFORNIA ODD FELLOWSHIP 



CHAPTER I. 

Older than the State — First Western Coast Lodge — Deputy 
Grand Sire Frazer — James Smiley obtains a dispensation — 
California Lodge, No. 1, instituted — The E. P. Jones Lodge — 
Our brothers in distress — The Odd Fellows kept busy — The 
Sacramento Relief Association — San Francisco expends 
$100,000 — Stockton and Marysville reliefs — Pioneer subordi- 
nate lodges — Without working books or rituals — Samuel H. 
Parker's arrival — He desires a Grand Lodge — Californians 
refused a charter — Secession talk in convention — Parker 
pleads for Grand Lodge charter — Organization of the Grand 
Lodge — Officers elected and installed — The first Grand Lodge 
work — Attend a brother's funeral — The Grand Master's good 
advice. 

Odd Fellowship on this western coast dates back 
to that period 1846 when California belonged to 
Mexico, and her population exceeded not a few 
thousand immigrants. 

Oregon, however, virtually belonged to the 
United States, and hither a brother Past Grand 
Odd Fellow, Gilbert Watson, concluded to enimi- 
grate, and there, incidentally, institute a lodge. 
Obtaining a dispensation from Albert Guild, a 
D. G. S. of Massachusetts, he saikxl from New York 
1845 around Cai)e Horn, and on arrival at Hon- 
olulu he was so impressed with the beauty of those 
tropical isles he concluded to there nMiiain. A few 
weeks after his arrival Dwemlu'r 10, 1S1(», witli 



10 CALIFORNIA ODD FELLOWSHIP. 

a charter membership of five Past Grands, he 
instituted Excelsior, No. 1, with Brother Ten Eck 
of New York as Noble Grand. Four years later, 
Alexander Prazer gave the lodge a charter issued 
by the G. L. of the U. S. ; and increasing quite 
rapidly, they later on were attached to the Califor- 
nia jurisdiction. 

Watson's change of plan was regretted by the 
Eastern brethren, as they were anxious, as Grand 
Sire Kneass expressed it — 

"To send the glad tidings of our brother- 
hood across the Rocky mountains, to the 
rock-bound coast of Oregon." 

This was impossible, however, so far distant was 
that territory, until the Government unexpectedly 
opened the way, by ordering Alexander Frazer, 
Chief of the Revenue Service, to the Pacific Coast, 
to map out light-house construction. Frazer was 
a past high officer in both branches of the Order, 
and Grand Sire Kneass, by authority from the 
S. G. Lodge, commissioned him "a special com- 
missioner, with full power to establish and super- 
vise the Order in Oregon and California." 

Frazer, accepting the position, sailed in the 
revenue cutter Lawrence, from Norfolk, Virginia, 
November 1, 1848, but delayed by heavy storms and 
headwinds, he did not reach San Francisco until 
November 1, 1849. On arrival, he was very much 



CALIFORNIA ODD FELLOWSHIP. 11 

surprised to find an Odd Fellows lodge already 
instituted by Brother James Smiley, he having 
come to San Francisco by the isthmus route. 
Deputy Grand Sire Frazer cruised along the coast 
for nearly two years, and CA^ery time he sighted a 
sliip, especially a passenger steamer, he floated at 
llie masthead of the cutter an Odd Fellows' flag (a), 
which li(» liad made, thus proclaiming to the world 
that Odd Fellowship had planted its banner upon 
tlie western shore. 

James Smiley, says the record, was "an active 
and intelligent member of the Grand Lodge of 
Pennsylvania." When the cry of gold in California 
resounded all along the eastern shore, he at once 
resolved to immigrate to the new El Dorado, make 
]iis fortune, and institute an Odd Fellows lodge. 
Having the last named object in mind, he, upon 
inquiry, found five other Past Grand Odd Fellows 
Charles Justin, Samuel J. Torbet, Wm. Caldwell, 
John Willets and Geo. IT. Weaver also bound for 
llic gold minces; an<l to these* hiol hers, January 12, 
isi!), (hand Sire Kneass granted a "dispensation 
to constitute a lodge of Odd I'd lows in San I'l-an- 
cisco," and Smiley was antlioiizcd to institute Cali- 
f<»rnia No. 1. 

The brothers, reaching San I'l-ancisco May 25th 
— thus leaving lMiihi(h'li>hia .la una ry KJth — has- 

(a) For note readings, see end of cIhiijkm s. 



12 CALIFORNIA ODD FELLOWSHIP. 

tened on to the Sierras. Smiley, remaining in the 
tented city, opened a general merchandizing store. 
Forgetting not his mission, he endeavored to insti- 
tute a lodge by placing an advertisement in the 
California Star, requesting all Odd Fellows to 
assemble July 10th, "at the little school house on 
the plaza." The effort was a failure. Again, in 
August, he made an unsuccessful attempt, a crier 
then going through the streets ringing a bell and 
proclaiming an Odd Fellows' meeting. Many 
brethren assembled, but, like the July meeting, 
none had withdrawal cards from their lodge. They 
were all going to make "their pile" in a few months 
and return home. Later a few brothers arrived 
with withdrawal cards, and Smiley, learning this, 
called a meeting, and September 9th California 
Lodge, No. 1, was instituted by Deputy Grand Sire 
Smiley, assisted by Daniel Norcross (b). Past 
Grand. The following oflflcers were * installed : 
Kichard Taylor, N. G. ; Wm. Henly, V. G. ; Charles 
Franklin, Secretary, and John M. Coughlin, Treas- 
urer. Brother Taylor, living until July, 1905, read 
a poem at the fiftieth anniversary of the lodge. 

"Gold ! Gold ! Gold !" That cry brought Smiley 
to California, and the same cry killed the first 
California lodge, for its members, leaving every- 
thing behind them, hurried to the mines. The 
lodge was instituted by Brother E. P. Jones, editor 



CALIFORNIA ODD FELLOWSHIP. 13 

of llic California Stor, he landing at Yerba Buena 
July 31st, from the Mormon ship Brooklyn, Samuel 
Brnnnnn in cliarga Whether he had in mind the 
iust ii til ion of a lodge before the ship left New York, 
we do not knoAV, but soon after his arrival he placed 
the following advertisement in the Star: 

^'Notice.— Tlie friends of tlie I. O. O. V. are 
resx)ect fully invite d to attend a iiieelini; of 
the Order Tuesday c veninii next, at the . 
Portsmouth House.'' — San Franeiseo, 
Dee. 4th, 1847. 

Jones was the proprietor of this house, then 
located on the southwest corner of Clay and Kear- 
ney streets. A goodly number of brotliei*s respond- 
ing, a lodge was at once formed with E. P. Jones, 
N. G. ; Samuel Brannan, V. G., and John Joice, 
Secretary. 

Their rooms were neatly fitted up; their regalia 
was of home manufactures aiul I heir iiKvtings were 
hcM ('very ^fonehiy night. "Brethren from abroad 
visii iiiii I his )>la((', aie respectfully invited to unite 
will) lis." So reads tlieir advertisement. The lodge 
urcw rapidly, over thirty brothers joining. Re- 
iiio\iiio to larii-er ()nart(M's (Pacific street, near 
Kearney I, liiey carried on tlieii* work until May, 
1848. Tlieii lliey rushed io the mines. A f(^w 
brotlu'i-s rciiiaiiiini:- i»ehind, hiiriied t he S(MU'et work, 
and paekiiiu the paraphernalia and regalia "in a 



H CALIFORNIA ODD FELLOWSHIP. 

strong box" they stored it in a warehouse. The 
fire of Christmas eve 1848 swept the town and 
left not a secret behind. 

The cry of gold in California resounded all along 
the Atlantic Coast during the winter of 1848, and 
in the following spring an army of Odd Fellows, by 
every possible means of transportation, sailed for 
that land whose hills were reported as ''coronets of 
gold." These brothers in their Avild rush, had not 
the least idea of the new country to which they Avere 
hastening, the exhorbitant cost of food, clothing 
and shelter, nor the length of time recpiired to reach 
their destination. What was the result? Many 
Odd Fellows starting from home Avith just enough 
money to pay their passage, by sailing A^essel or 
steamer, Avere ''broke" on arrival, Avhile others 
possessing some means, soon emptied their purse. 
Fever, dysentary and scurA'y Avere then prevalent, 
and hundreds taken sick en route, entered the 
(i olden Gate in a. pitiful condition, AA'hile thousands 
more, taken sick after their arrival, died alone and 
uncared for because to Odd FelloAvs unknoAvn. 

Thousands, hoAvever, Avere sought out and 
recognized, and the brethren of San Francisco, 
Stockton, Sacramento, Marysville and other min- 
ing camps Avere kept busy fulfilling their duty in 
visiting the sick, relieving the distressed and bury- 
ing the dead. The better to carry on their good 



CALIFORNIA ODD FELLOWSHIP. 15 

work, they organized relief associations, and com- 
mittees were appointed to seek out and report all 
sick or needy brothers. 

In Sacramento an association was organized by 
a Texas Odd FelloAV, Brother A. M. Winn, later 
the founder of the Sons of the Golden West. The 
brother published a call in the "Pacific News" to all 
Odd Fellows, and in Winn, Baker & McKee's store 
on K street, over 100 three linkers assembled 
August 20th, 1849, and organized a relief associa- 
tion. Tliey had no authority to thus organize and 
ji(l(>i>t the name of Odd Fellow^, but the necessities 
of the times demanded prompt action, and 
immediately electing officers, they made A. M. Winn 
l*r(*sident, S. M. Gallup Secretary and Daniel 
McLaren Treasurer. That none might not neglect 
tlieir duty, the President was authorized to call 
iilK)n any member to nurse the sick "free of charge;" 
nurses then were rec^eiving |16.00 a day, and each 
!rrother was ap]M)inted a committee of one to report 
any sick oi- dcsi i lute brother. 

S('v<'ial months previous to the organization of 
tlir S;i( lauK'nto ass'ociation the brothers of San 
Fraiiris, (t w ( it at work relieving the suffering, and 
in a few months, said Parkci', iliey expended over 
.*1 00,000. We liav(* no i-ccoimI of their history, as 
tlirir hooks wci-c all drsl roved in ilie fcmr great 
fii'cs thai each lime burncMl the gi-eater part of the 
town. 



16 CALIFORNIA ODD FELLOWSHIP. 

In the ofiBce of A. 0. Bradford, afterwards Grand 
Master, efforts were made to organize a Stockton 
relief association. A meeting for that purpose was 
held in November, 1850, and resolutions were 
adopted to organize an association the following 
week. When the appointed time had come, the 
brothers had gone to all parts of the territory, so 
unsettled and uneasy then were the pioneers. 

Marysville's population were less migratory in 
their habits, and under the guidance of Daniel 
McLaren, an association was formed, and until the 
institution of Yuba Lodge No. 5, in October 1856, 
they accomplished splendid work in relieving the 
sick brothers of that section. 

The relief associations being illegal bodies, they 
transferred their work immediately to the subordin- 
ate lodges of their localities, as soon as said lodges 
were instituted. The lodges then performed the 
work in a more thorough and business-like manner, 
and nobly, right nobly they performed their part, 
those five pioneer subordinates. The first to fall 
into line was Sacramento No. 2, which was insti- 
tuted January 28th, 1851, by James Smiley, Deputy 
Grand Sire. The lodge was instituted in the upper 
story of a building known as the Red House, south- 
west corner of J and Fifth streets, the Masons meet- 
ing in the same hall. The work of relief was found 
too heavy for one lodge to carry on successfully. 



CALIFORNIA ODD FELLOWSHIP. 17 

and to assist them, a second lodge Avas instituted 
January ITtli, 1852, Eureka No. 4, with William H. 
Watson as Noble Grand. Sacramento was then 




SAMUEL H. PARKER, P. G. M. 

Samuel H. Parker was born in Portsmouth, N.H., July 29th, 
1818. While engaged In the practice of law, he having been 
admitted to the bar at the age of 24, Odd Fellowship was 
Introduced into the State. 

Brother Parker became deeply interested in the work of 
the Order, and November 24th, 1843, he was initiated in a 
distant city lodge. Taking out a withdrawal card, he re- 
turned to Dover, and in the following month, December 
28th, Wecohamet Lodge was instituted, with Parker as a 
charter member and Vice Grand. April 1st, 1844, he was 
installed as Noble Grand, and from .January 9th, 1844, until 
February 12th, 1852, he held the office of Degree Master. He 
represented his lodge in the Grand Lodge in 1845, and he 
was that year installed as Grand Master. In 1846-48-49-50 he 
represented his State in the Sovereign Grand Lodge, and 
from this time on his life work is a part of California history. 



18 CALIFORNIA ODD FELLOWSHIP. 

rapidly being peopled by Eastern Odd Fellows, and 
as the two lodges were beyond experiment, it was 
thought advisable to institute a third lodge. Eleven 
charter members were obtained and September 
24th, 1852, John F. Morse, then editing the Pacific 
^'cAVS, instituted El Dorado No. 8. San Francisco 
No. 3 was instituted July 5th, 1851, to help Cali- 
fornia No. 1 in their relief w^ork, the Rev. Jesse 
Boring being the first Noble Grand. In the fol- 
lowing year the Stockton Odd Fellows took up the 
humane Avork, and February 14th, 1852, Charity 
Lodge No. 6 Avas organized by E. G. Greenfield of 
NcAV York, he receiving a dispensation to institute 
the lodge from E. G. Coughlin, acting Deputy 
Grand Sire. No. 6 Avas instituted Avitli six charter 
members, they coming from as many different 
States, two from Ncav York, and one each from 
Pennsylvania., Alabama, Mississippi and liOuisiana 

In the mining camp Auburn three zealous broth- 
ers resolved to form a lodge, and through their 
noble efforts, October 7th, 1852, Auburn No. 7 came 
into life. It Avas instituted in the parsonage of the 
Methodist church by George I. N. Monell, Avith 
Hanson Hazel as Noble Grand and W. F. Norcross, 
the Avatch repairer and jeAveler, as Secretary. 

These California pioneer lodges labored as best 
they might to fulfill the obligation Ave have all taken 
to mutually assist our brothers. Their work was 



CALIFORNIA ODD FELLOWSHIP. 19 

performed in a crude and imperfect manner, for 
they had no competent instructor, either in the 
secret or the degree Avork. None of the lodges had 
rituals or "working books,-' except California No. 
1 and Sacramento No. 2, Avhich they sometimes 
loaned to the other lodges, they being transported 
back and forth by an Odd Fellow express agent. 
The brothel's were compelled to depend upon the 
memory of some one of their number for their i*ead- 
ing, and the memory of some of the brothers was 
remarkable. One brother, E. G. Greenfield, wrote 
out the work for Charity Lodge No. 6 so correctly, 
that when compared Avith the ritual, but few mis- 
takes were found. Grand Master Fox declared 
that while instituting a northern lodge, he there 
found a brother Avho read correctly all of the secret 
and degree work, although he had not been in a 
lodge room for twenty years. A Mason also, he 
gave Fox their work. 

A comi)etent instructor and lodge organizer 
would soon be at hand to instruct the brothei*s, in 
fact he was then on his way to California. Two days 
previous . to the institution of Charity Lodge, 
1^'ebruary 12th, 1852, he bid adieu to his New 
Hampshire lodge, where he had been degree master 
since 1844, and started for the golden west. A 
brother high in the councils of Odd Fellowship, 
three times a representative in the Grand Lodge of 



20 CALIFORNIA ODD FELLOWSHIP. 

the United States and twice an aspirant for the 
office of Grand Sire, why should Samuel H. Parker, 
then a young man of 34 years, leave behind him 
brothers, home, fortune and fame to locate in Cali- 
fornia. Perhaps the English poet explains the 
enigma when he wrote : 

^'There is a Divinity that shapes our ends. 
Rough hew them how we will." 

Be that as it may, five votes, the number by Avhich 
he was defeated in 1850 for Grand Sire, changed 
the direction of his life and two years later, April, 
1852, Ave find him working with heart and soul, to 
place the lodges in good order and on a sound basis. 

The first and most important movement in Par- 
ker's opinion was the organization of a Grand 
Lodge, for said he : 

^^By the establishment of a Grand Lodge, 
we shall be able, without delay, to scatter 
broadcast the seeds of our great and 
glorious Order over the entire new world, 
whose fruit shall be more than a hundred 
fold in a single harvest." 

Five lodges were enough to organize * a Grand 
Lodge according to law, and in July, 1852, a peti- 
tion was drawn up and signed by Past Grand 
Representative Parker and all of the State Past 
Grands. It was then forwarded to the Highest 
Lodge, praying them to grant California a charter. 



CALIFORNIA ODD FELLOWSHIP. 21 

Several brothers, as individuals, sent letters of 
complaint regarding District Deputy Grand Sire 
Smiley, and on the first day, the petition and the 
letters were presented by Parker's successor and 
referred to the two Committees on Petitions and 
Correspondence. Horace A. Manchester, after- 
wards a Eepresentative of the Grand Ijodge from 
Stockton No. 11, was chairman of the first named 
committee. They recommended that the charter be 
not granted, because the lodge had no official 
knowledge of any lodges save California No. 1, and 
no fees or dues had been received. The money was 
sent, however, over f2,000, but was lost somehow 
in the mix-up. The Corresponding Committee also 
reporting adversely, severely scored Smiley for his 
mismanagement and neglect of duty, and declared 
that the letters were misleading; the committee, 
however, were very charitable, and they recom- 
mended that a District Deputy Grand Sire be 
api)ointed, and that the Grand Sire be authorized 
to make such an appointment, preference to be 
given to a permanent resident of California. 

So confident were the Californians of success, a 
law was passed April 12th, 1852, incorporating 
"The Independent Order of Odd Fellows," and 
when late ip October, they learned of the action of 
the Sovereign Grand I.od^c, miiiiy were vci-y angry. 
Tliey want(Hl to secede ;iii dorj^niiize an independent 



22 CALIFORNIA ODD FELLOWSHIP. 

lodge. The secession movement was strongly 
in evidence when April 11th, 1853, the Past Grands 
again assembled to petition the Supreme Body "for 
a Grand Lodge for the State." Sixteen Past Grands 
were in attendance, and as the proceedings show, 
secession was in the air. It was a crucial test on 
the very threshold of California Odd Fellowship, 
and as Past Grand Master Burton declared, it was 
a difficulty "which well nigh proved disastrous, and 
came near causing a separation from the Grand 
Lodge of the United States, but which was happily 
healed and all trouble removed." The difficulty 
arose when the folloAving resolution was put to 
vote : 

"Resolved, That a committee of five from 
this convention prepare a petition for a 
Grand Lodge for this State, to be forward- 
ed by the next mail to the Grand Sire." 

When the question was put the seceders strongly 
favored an Independent Lodge, and when one 
representative inquired, "What shall we do?" 
"Form an independent body," said Graham of 
Sacramento. Samuel McLean of Charity No. 6 
finally succeeded in pacifying tlie discontented 
brothers, and the resolution passed. 

I am unable to understand why this convention 
was held (see Grand Lodge Journal, first pages), 
when the brethren had at that time a "warrant 



CALIFORNIA ODD FELLOWSHIP. 23 

issued to District Deputy Grand Sire Parker, mine 
pro fiDir, ]\rnrch 8th, 1853, to receive new applica- 
tions for a warrant, with power. to institute a 
Grand Lodge." Behind this warrant stands the 
linrd A\()rk, the persistent pleading and the logical 
arguments of Parker. When the neAVS of the 
rejection of the petition Avas received Parker began 
corresponding with Grand Sire Moore, urging him 
to grant a dispensation for a charter, Parker believ- 
ing that Moore had that power. But the Grand 
Sire answered, "I am powerless in this matter." As 
Parker continued writing, Moore commissioned his 
former opponent for office as District Deputy 
Grand Sire. Now says Moore, "You can institute 
the lodges, and they can present a new petition to 
the Grand Lodge of the United States." "No," 
answered Parker; "the great distance apart of the 
lodges, the uncertainty of the mail transportation, 
and the high state of feeling which obtains, renders 
such an attempt utterly hopeless." The Grand Sire, 
believing that if such were the case, he had better 
stretch the law, sent the warrant. Parker, in his 
letter to Ridgley, April 11th, acknowledged the 
receipt of tlie warrant and declared tliat in May he 
^^()^ll(l orpmize the Grand Lodge. 

Late in April he issued liis in'oclaninlion to the 
lodges to ehM-l Dm ii- TvN jti-csciilnlivcs to ilu^ Grand 
Lodge. At the lime apiMUiiicd, May ITth, 1853, the 



24 CALIFORNIA ODD FELLOWSHIP. 

thirty-eight Kepresentatives from the seven sub- 
ordinate lodges, assembled in the Odd Fellows' hall, 
Genella building, Montgomery street. The con- 
vention was called to order by the Deputy Grand 
Sire, he appointing T. Rodgers Johnson as Secre- 
tary, and the following Grand Officers pro tem : 0. 
C. Hay den of No. 3, D. G. Master; P. E. Dexter of 
No. 1, G. Marshal; and E. G. Greenfield of New 
York, G. Warden. The convention refused, how- 
ever, to admit the brother last named until after 
the organization of the Grand Lodge. 

The Grand Officers were elected the first day, and 
Parker elected Grand Master, had as his opponents 
John F. Morse and Mathew Purdin. A spirited con- 
test for Deputy Grand Master took place, there 
being five nominees : Noab Sutton, John F. Morse, 
Edwin W. Colt, John M. Coughlin and Mathew 
Purdin. Morse was elected Deputy Grand Master; 
T. Rodgers Johnson, Secretary, and J. M. Coughlin, 
Treasurer. On the last day of the session Samuel 
H. Parker was installed as Grand Master, he then 
installing his appointed officers. The first Noble 
Grand of Charity No. 6, I. Zacariah, Grand Mar- 
shal; L. F. Zantsinger of No. 1, Grand Conductor; 
and A. el. Lucas of Eureka No. 4, Grand Guardian. 

The Lodge continued four days in session and 
they adopted a Constitution and By-Laws, a Lodge 
seal, divided the State into districts, each county a 



CALIFORNIA ODD FELLOWSHIP. 25 

district; petitioned tlie Grand Lodge of the United 
States to remit their percentage dues, granted 
chai'ters for the institution of Lodges in Stockton, 
Diamond Spring's, Sonora, Yreka and Marysville, 
and selected Sacramento as their place of meeting 
in 1854:; Sacramento that yeai* building and dedi- 
cating a hall, the tii*st in the State. 

On the lirst day, the Grand Body adjourned at 
noon to perform the last said duty to a brother, 
and in full regalia, they attended the funeral of 
C. N. Turner, their first and last" service to the 
brother of a subordinate lodge. 

The fourth day the Representatives worked 

speedy, so that they could take the 4 o'clock boats 

for their homes, and in the parting hour Grand 

Mjist(r Parkier breathed into his address t\w 

tbouglits that have ever since animated the breast 

of every true Odd Fellow, when he said in closing: 

^^],( t us do all iu our power to spread the 

l)riucii)hs of h^riendsbip, Love and Truth 

in eyevy city, town and village within the 

borders of our great and glorious State." 

The Grand Chaplain then oifercxl the closing 
prayer, and the first (Jrand Lodge of Galiforiiia 
adjourned s'nw die. 

(a) In 1879 this historic flag was presented to the Grand 
Lodge. 

(b) The irony of fate is seen in the case of Brother Nor- 
cross. An enthusiastic worker for Odd Fellowship throughout 
his life, as he was about to start for California his partner said 
to him: "Dan, why don't you see Kneass and get a dispensa- 
tion for a California lodge?" "I'll do it." he replied, and going 

to the ofllce, he met Smiley coming out of the door, he just 
having obtained his dispensation. 



CHAPTER II. 



Encampment's petition for a State charter — Organization 
of a Grand Encampment — The Grand Lodge fight — Some pre- 
vious history — Morse scores the Encampment — Grand Master 
Colt's warm report — Parker's fire-kindling motion — Sargent 
and Brewster resign — Separating the slieep from the goats — 
Non-Encampment members protest — Burton's oil of peace — 
Lively question for 1872 — The dead issue — Chinese are very 
popular — They may become Odd Fellows — May the Polynesians 
come in? — The Sovereign Grand Lodge in a trap — The Chinese 
are not eligible — The color line discussion — Excelsior Lodge 
memorial — What do leading journals say — California draws 
the color line. 



The subordinate lodges had within their ranks 
many brothers who were members of the Encamp- 
ment branch of the Order, and as early as 1854, 
P. G. Master Parker, presuming he had the author- 
ity, instituted an encampment at San Francisco — 
Golden Gate, No. 1; at Sacramento, Pacific, No. 2, 
and at Stockton, Parker, No. 3. The same year the 
encampments petitioned the S. G. L. for a State 
charter, the petition being signed by thirteen 
patriarchs, all in good standing. Grand Represen- 
tative Purdin presented the paper to the Supreme 
Tribunal, and that body, "deeming it good for the 
patriarchal branch of the Order, in that distant 
part of the country," granted their petition, 
although it was illegal, the Past Grand Master 
having no authority to institute encampments. 

Mathew Purdin was commissioned as Deputy 



CALIFORNIA ODD FELLOWSHIP. 27 

Grand Sire, and iiniiud lately upon his arrival from 
the East he notified the encampments to elect their 
representatives to assemble January 8th, 1855, at 
Sacramento, for the purpose of organizing a State 
Grand Encampment The representatives met at 
the appointed time in Odd Fellows' Hall, and 
answered to their names as follows: Golden Gate, 
No. 1 — Samuel H. Parker, Daniel Norcross, P. B. 
Dexter, T. Rodgers Johnson, A. S. Iredale, John 
Southwell, Prescott llolx^tson, A. P. Asher, Walter 
T'elch and David KcMidall; horn Pacific, No. 2 — 
Matthew Purdin and (\ C. Hay den, and from 
Parker, No. 3— EdA\in \V. (^olt, J. P. I). Wilkins, 
Allen Lee Bours and Andrew Wolf. Of these repre- 
sentatives, all are dead except Andrew AVolf. He 
is still living at Stockton, at the age of 84, and 
attending d^ily to his regular business. 

The election of officers took place the first day, 
with Samuel H. Parker, M. ^y. G. P.; Prescott 
Robertson, M. E. G. H. ; Edwin W . (3olt, R. W. G. S. ; 
T. Rodgers Johnson, R. W. G. S. ; W. H. Watsim, 
G. T. ; George Borrowdale, G. J. W. 

Although in this Avork I am treating of Grand 
Lodge events only, I have introduced this bit of 
encampment history as a prelude to tln^ Grand 
Lodge fight which tooU jdace in the session of IS.k;, 
at Mar^'svi lie, over what was known :is the merge- 
ment question — a resolution which won Id not have 



28 CALIFORNIA ODD FELLOWSHIP. 

deeply agitated the representatives had there been 
no encampment. 

At the time, 1856, there was a resolution before 
the S. G. L., of vital importance to the encamp- 
ments, and that we may fully understand the rea- 
son of the excitement that prevailed, a brief history 
of the movement is necessary. 



GEO. F. ROESCH, P. G. P. 
Stockton Lodge, No. 11, P. G. 
Brother Roesch was Grand Patriarch, 1894-95, and Grand 
Representative, 1896-97. In his decisions as Grand Patriarch 
he was just and firm, and his record shows as one of the 
bright lights in the Encampment hall. 

The mergeinent resolution, introduced by Repre- 
sentative Pindell of Kentucky, in 1850, was the out- 
growth of a resolution, introduced into the S. G. L. 
1831, by Ridgely, which was adopted, that the 



CALIFORNIA ODD FELLOWSHIP. 29 

Royal Purple Encampment degree must be attained 
by all the representatives to the Grand Lodge of the 
United States. 

The subordinate lodges quietly submitted to this 
decree until 1850. Then Representative Pindell 
introduced a resolution that a committee of five be 
appointed "to take into consideration the propriety 
of merging the Grand Encampment into the sub- 
ordinate lodges." The resolution, defeated by a 
vote of only 49 to 36, started the "no encampment 
movement," and in 1855 North Carolina, Georgia, 
Delawai'e and New Jersey called for "the old Avork" 
(nine degrees), while Ohio and New York opposed 
any and all mergement schemes. The committee 
appointed on this question, 1854, handed in a 
report for and against any change, and the G.L.U.S. 
by a majority of 12, adopted the majority report 
that a committee of five be appointed to submit a 
plan for the merging of the two branches of the 
Order. Their report was laid over until 1856. 

Grand Master Morse, who was strongly in favor 
of the mergement, although lie was a Past High 
Priest of Pacific, No. 2, in his report, 1855, severe- 
ly scorcMl the Encampment, and he asserted among 
other reasons tliat "it claims a superior rank, is 
continually disturbing the peace and quiet of the 
subordimite lodges; is n^garded iis an aristocratic 
or select dei>artment of Odd Fellowship, and in- 



30 CALIFORNIA ODD FELLOWSHIP. 

creases the dues without a corresponding- benefit." 
When, in 1856, the Grand Lodge assembled in 
Marysville, the feeling "ran high, and at one time 
almost threatening to disrupt the Order." The 
report of Grand Master Morse had made him many 
enemies, and the diflflculty was brought to a focus 
by the insulting report of Grand Master Colt, read 
by Deputy Grand Master Hueston, Colt not appear- 
ing because of charges to be preferred against him. 
In this report he declared — 

"That Avith this matter * * * this Right 
Worthy Grand Lodge has no right to inter- 
fere. Many of its members never having 
joined the Encampment, are not capable of 
deciding upon the merits of the case." 

This report made the non-Encamjjment members 
very "warm," and James E. Perkins said, ^.^Refer it 
to a committee of three." The motion was lost by 
the close vote of 31 to 35. Then arose a brother, 
since famous in the politics of State and Nation — 
Aaron A. Sargent, then a Nevada county newspaper 
editor — and moved that the matter be referred to a 
committee of five. Immediately Parker arose with 
an amendment that none but Encami:>ment membei*s 
be placed on that committee. "This is treason to 
the King" — what is its meaning? Section 4, Article 
III, of the constitution adopted three years pre- 
vious, declared that no Grand Lodge representative 



CALIFORNIA ODD FELLOWSHIP. 31 

could be elected to the >\ arden's, Deputy's or Grand 
Master's chair, unless he has "attained the Royal 
Purple degree," and noAV Parker endeavors to ex- 
clude them from a Grand Lod<»e committee. Im- 
mediately John A. Brewster of Sonoma raised the 
point of order — 

"That this Grand Lodge has no right to 
recognize, in its working session, the 
Grand Encampment as a separate body, 
and that, therefore, the amendment of 
Past Grand Master Parker is out of order." 

The Grand Master declared the point not well 
taken, and John L. Van Bokkelen, to avert the ap- 
proaching storm, moved the indefinite postpone- 
ment of the entire question. The majority of the 
lodge desiring peace, voted for the motion, 54 to 27, 
Sargent, Perkins and Brewster voting against it. 

Sargent and Bi'cwstc^r, botli abkvmen and both 
on the Committw^ of Appeals, then handed in their 
resignations from said committiH* — 

"On the ground tliat tliey are not m(MnbeT*s 
^ the Grand Eiic;nii]>iiient, and, tlu'rcrore, 
considered by this (Jiand Lodge not eligi- 
ble to act on committees." 

v\s the Lodge had not acted on Parker's n^solu- 
lioii, I liey refused t<» a<'r('|)i ilic i-csi^-naiions. Sar- 
«i<Mil. iiiii-casonalilc hci-ansc of liis aniicr, llicn inlro- 
duced tlie follow inu saicasiir i'<'sohiiion : 



82 CALIFORNIA ODD FELLOWSHIP. 

"That no Past Grand be allowed to vote or 
speak on any matter, or serve on any com- 
mittee, unless he was in possession of the 
Royal Purple degree." 

The committee to whom the resolution was re- 
ferred made no report. It seemed as though the air 
was filled with fighting ozone, for Prescott Kobert- 
son then arose "and insisted that his resolution hv 
acted upon, even when the Grand Master declared 
it out of order. "That a committee of three Royal 
Purple representatives be appointed to examine all 
the members and report the names of all the En- 
campment mend)ers to the Grand Master." 

The restful hours seems not to have cooled the 
anger of the anti-Encampment brothers, and the 
following day, immediately after the reading of the 
minutes, Perkins renewed the combat by introduc- 
ing a protest, signed by the representatives of over 
twenty lodges. This protest, after reviewing the 
work of the preceding day, declared — 

"That your protestants therefore * * * 
consider that their rights * * * ha^ 
been invaded and their positicm in this 
body disgraced * * * ; a degradation 
to which, neither as Odd Fellows or gentle- 
men are they able to submit." 

Sargent wanted the prjotest received, spread upon 
the minutes and brought to the notice of the G. L. 



CALIFORNIA ODD FELLOWSHIP. 33 

of the U. S., but the Lodge wisely laid it upon the 
table. 

Another brother's resolution '^in favor of a sep- 
aration of the two branclu s of the Order'- was hiid 
over until 1857, because ''of the magnitude of the 
subject and the short time to consider it/' 

Then came the master stroke^ of tluit session, a 
resolution worthy of a Roosevelt — tlie oil of peace 
that smoothed the angrj^ watei's. C. O. Burton of 
Charity was the mover: 

"Resolved, That Article III, {Section 4, 'that 
R. W. G. Masters, R. AV. D. (I. Masters and 
R. W. G. Wardens, must have attained the 
Royal Purple degree,' be amended by strik- 
ing out the unjust section." 

The resolution Avas ref en-cd to William H. Wat- 
son, Samuel H. Parker and George I. N. Monell, all 
meml>ers of the "camp," and the Lodge accepted 
(heir reix)rt — 

"That it would l)e conducive to the best har- 
mony of the Order to adopt said amend- 
gient." 

Peace again reigned, tlien and from tliat time 
onward, for we ar(» reminded as nightly we sing our 
ode, we must 

"Leave disputes and strife to othei-s; 
We in harmony must move." 

In the S. G. L. it was a troublcsoinc (pit^tion. 



34 CALIFORNIA ODD FELLOWSHIP. 

"and for some years caused heated debates, and to 
some extent injured and retarded the growth of the 
Encampment branch;'' but in California it was a 
dead issue until 1872. In that year, both the Grand 
Lodge and the Grand Encampment adopted resolu- 
tions to abolish the Encampment branch and make 
the subordinate lodge nine degrees, making the 
Patriarchal, the Golden Rule and the Koyal Purjile 
the last three degrees. This amendment, says 
Smith, 'Vould have changed the Order so com- 
pletely its best friends would never have known it." 
Nevertheless, Grand Representative Nathan Porter 
favored the change, and introduced the amendment 
into the Sovereign Grand Lodge. It was laid over 
until 1874. 

In that year the Grand Lodge experienced a 
change of heart. They reversed completely their 
instructions of 1872 and instructed their Grand 
Representatives, C. O. Burton and John B. Har- 
mon, to oppose any and all measures looking to the 
mergement of the two branches. In the Highest 
Court the opposition was dead, and when Porter's 
amendment came up for action it was overwhelm- 
ingly defeated by a vote of 4 to 120. 

Odd Fellowship has no affinity with party or 
sects, and yet that great problem, the colored man, 
has upon two separate periods created heart burn- 
ings and strife in the Grand Lodge. It was first 



CALIFORNIA ODD FELLOWSHIP. 35 

created by the Chinese, a race Avhich, said a brother, 
minei-s left their work, making two ouuce^s a day, 
and traveled tAventy or more miles to Ir^aciaHieuto 
to see. They were very popular in that day with 
the fatherhood of God and the brotherhood of man 
advocates, and Grand Master Morse, believing, per- 
haps, that the Chinese Avould apply for membership 
in the Order, made inquiry of Grand Sire Wilmot 
G. DeSausure of South Carolina regarding 

"The propriety of admitting Chinese, and 
allowing them to have a lodge and work in 
the Chinese language." 

The answer that came back astonished the 
pioneers and set them athinking, for the Grand Sire 
replied : 

"If they believe in a Supreme Being, the 
Creator and Preserver of the Universe, I 
see no reason for their exclusion." 

The S. G. L. journal shows no action of the Lodge 
regarding the Grand Sire's decision, and their 
silence implied an approval. 

The matter rested until 1858. In that year, the 
Sandwich Islander's Avcri* knocking at ih(^ "outtr* 
door" and seekini; admission lo (he Onlcr. William 
Wood, then D. G. Sire of the Honolulu jurisdiction, 
passed up to Grand Sire Ellison the following 
question : 



36 CALIFORNIA ODD FELLOWSHIP. 

"Is there any objection to receiving into the 
Fraternity the members of the Polynesian 
race, whose association with foreigners 
has fitted them to become members of 
institutions similar to our own." 

The Grand Sire replied that he could see no 
objections. True, it is, that a member must be a 
"free white man," but — 

"We see Africans with a skin almost as 
white as a European ; therefore, the Poly- 
nesians and the Mongolians may, like the 
Africans, become so changed by these 
gradations as to bring them within our 
rule of admission." 

Ellison's decision and his exceedingly ingenuous 
argument in its support Avas referred to a com- 
mittee of five. Four of this committee, led by 
Kobert Bolyston of South Carolina, said : "No, they 
cannot be received as members." The minority 
(Stuart of New^ York, later Grand Sire) approved 
of Ellison's decision, for "the Chinese are now 
eligible, why should the Polynesians be excluded." 

The Sovereign Grand Lodge found themselves 
trapped. To pacify their Southern brethren, and 
exclude the negro, they amended the constitution in 
1827 by inserting the words "free white," and now 
their leaders claimed the colored race, the Mongol- 
ians, "are eligible for membership." 

The California representatives fought the ques- 



CALIFORNIA ODD FELLOWSHIP. 37 

tion from the start, and Samuel H. l*ai*ker, one of 
the com mil tee to whom the subject was referred, 
succeedeil iu having the reports laid over until 
185!). Tlien John W. Dwinelle, one of the brightest 
men in the ^Supreme body, succeeded in convincing 
the committee — 

"That the terms, ^free white nmles,' are de- 
scriptive of the pure white Caucasian 
race, and exclude all other colors and races 
from the Order; therefore, the Polynesians 
and Chinese are not eligible to nu^mber- 
ship." 

This was a most ]ia]>])y victory for California, and 
the S. (J. L. ad()[)tiii.u tlu^ repi^rt, it settled the (pies- 
tion concerning tlie Chinese. 

It also settled the status of the ^'Kanakas, ' as 
they were calhd in California, until 1875. Then 
the battle over the colored man was strongly fought 
all along the line, from California to New York. 
The cause of the n n( wal of tlie contc-st was created 
l»y a iiK iiioi-ial sent to the Sovc-Teign Crand Lo;lg(^ 
from lOxct'isior Lodge, No. 1, and the report to tlie 
California (Irand Lodge of Martin White*, 1*. Ci. 
Master of Nevada, Ik , on his visit to Honolulu, 
representing (Irand Master Bradford. Ivxcelsior 
Lodge wius then in the California jurisdiction. 

The UKMiiorial, which was signed by over seventy 
members of tiic h)dge — 



38 CALIFORNIA ODD FELLOWSHIP. 

"Prayed the Sovereign Grand Lodge to so 
construe the law as to permit the admit- 
tance of the Polynesian race, as there are 
many among them intelligent half-white 
persons who would make good Odd Fel- 
lows. 'God hath made of one blood all 
nations of men, to dwell on the face of the 
earth'." 

Past Grand Master White's report was along the 
same lines, and he declared that ''our unjust laws" 
retarded the growth of the Island lodge — 

"For among the natives * * * there 
are many who would make good Odd Fel- 
lows, but the word 'white' in the constitu- 
tion prevents their becoming members. 
Even the King, himself, although a mem- 
ber of the Masonic fraternity, cannot be- 
come one of us." 

The two leading Odd Fellow journals, the "Heart 
and Hand," then edited by Wm. H. Barnes, New 
York, and the "New Age," (a) edited by Samuel 
York at Lee, (b) published column after column 
for and against the admittance of the colored 
people. 

"It is the question of the day," wrote Lee. 

"The Grand Lodge of the United States 
must do one of two things; either strike 
out of the ritual its invocation of universal 
brotherhood, or carry its principles into 
practice." 



CALIFORNIA ODD FELLOWSHIP. 39 

Editor Lee, advocating the same doctrine as his 
predecessor, Frank Austin, (c) was a simon pure 
disciple of Fatlicr >\'ihl('v, and when' the San Fran- 
cisco "Post" calhd upon liini to exprc^ss liis b(^iief, 
Lt^ replied: 

"That if a pei*son was tw(^nty-one years of 
age, of good moral cliaracter, and a be- 
liever in the Su])renu' H( iiig, lie would wel- 
come him as a brother, whether his color 
was white, black, green or yellow." 

The editor of the "Heart and Hand," who had 
been through childhood's years a resident of the 
South, strongly opposed any change of law that 
would admit the colored race, and in an editorial, 
February, 1872, he wrote : 

"We are opposed in toto, from bej^nning to 
end, to any change of law that will admit 
to membership in our Order, of any other 
than are now provided for, in this or any 
other countr3^ If other countries want 
our Order as we have it, well and good. 
If it has to change in any essential point, 
to go into any land, we are opposed to 
such extension." 

We are writing outside of the scope of our work, 
but as Wm. H. BariK s lias for more than a quarter 
of a century been an editor and prominent h adcr in 
California Odd Fellowship, I knew lliat liis views 
upon this question would be of interest 



40 



CALIFORNIA ODD FELLOWSHIP. 



The California Grand Lodge has ne\'er favored 
the admittance of either the Chinese, Pol^^nesians 
or negro race, and when in 1874 Representative 
Pensam offered a resolution that our Grand Repre- 
sentatives be instructed to urge upon the S. G. L. to 
strike out the word "Avhite" from the constitution, 
tlie resolution was indefinitely postponed. 




SACRAMENTO IN 1850: 
The Home of Morse, Haswell, Hueston and Harmon. 



CALIF'ORNIA ODD FELLOWSHIP. 4l 

(a) The New Age, which is the oldest fraternal journal in 
A,merica, was first issued as a weekly January 1st, 1865, by 
W. W. Boughton, the subscription price being $5.00 a year. 
The new paper was favorably received by the brothers, and 
the G. L. adopted Grand Master McClelland's recommendation 
and took such action as would "aid the publisher in his laud- 
able efforts to disseminate the principles of Odd Fellowship." 

The New Age was not a money-maker, by any means, and 
as a result, passing through several different hands, in Jan- 
uary, 1875, it was issued by the Odd Fellows Publishing Cond- 
pany. W. F. Norcross then purchased and managed the paper, 
the price in the meantime having been reduced to $3.00 a year, 
with the privilege of obtaining the two journals, the NeW Ag^ 
and the Heart and Hand, published in New York and edited 
by Wm. H. Barnes, for $4.00 per annum. 

The New Age, up to this time, had been the official organ 
of the Grand Lodge, but .January 8, 1874, a rival appeared, the 
Pacific Odd Fellow; then there was trouble. The new paper 
endeavored to obtain the official recognition and endorsement 
of the Grand Lodge, and the result was a resolution adopted 
"that no person shall be authorized to designate any news- 
paper as the official or other organ of this Grand Lodge." 

The rival paper soon passed out of existence, but the 

New Age lived on, the proprietor, as A. M. Winn said, "barely 

making a living by hard work and strict economy." in 1885 a 

corporation was organized, it being expected that the lodges 

would take stock. The expectation was only a dream. 

Then the publishing house of Dewey & Co. believed that 
they had a plan that would make not only the New Age, but 
all of their society papers a success. They had been publish- 
ing the A. O. U. W., the K. of P. and Masonic journals, and it 
was their plan to give each society a weekly issue, the Odd 
Fellows number to appear thus "The Illustrated Pacific States 
I. O. O. F. Edition." The experiment was a flat failure, and as 
the publishers had taken the insignia of the Order without 
legal authority, Grand Master Lloyd directed the Grand Sec- 
retary to request the publishers "to refrain from calling it the 
organ of the I. O. O. F." 

Dewey still retaining the plant, it was again published 
under its original name, with W. F. Norcross at the helm, 
until 1891, and at that time Past Grand Alexander said in the 
prelude to his resolution: "The New Age has recently come 
under the editorial management of that veteran fraternal 
journalist, Wm. H. Barnes; and be it resolved that the New 
Age is hereby cordially recommended to the continued favor- 
able support of the Order." 

Wm. H. Barnes at this time had been some fourteen years 
In California, engaged in newspaper work on the New Age and 
the San Francisco Call, he editing for several years the frater- 
nal columns of that daily. It was his suggestion, and dates 
from April, 1878. In 1896 he purchased from the Dewey Co. 



42 CALIFORNIA ODD FELLOWSHIP. 

the New Age plant, and since that time, at the extremely low 
price of $1.00 a year, he has been sending forth messages of 
love and peace to all the world. 

(b) Samuel York, at Lee, being a personal friend of Daniel 
Norcross, he came from his Washington home, 1873, expressly 
to edit the New Age. He was a notable writer, leading lawyer, 
and high in fraternal society. Born in Ohio in 1809, at the age 
of 25 he was installed as Grand Master of Ohio. Appointed 
as Postmaster of San Francisco in 1848, the ill health of his 
wife prevented him from accepting that position, and it also 
deprived him of the high honor of being the founder of 
Masonry on the Pacific Coast. 

(c) Frank Austin wrote in 1868: "Odd Fellowship has a 
great and important work to perform. * * * But in order 
to render it what it should be, and in any manner serviceable 
to the world at large, it must be universal salvation. This is 
what we proclaim to be the objects of Odd Fellowship. Then, 
in the name of God, let there be no obstacles thrown in the 

way by individuals or bodies. When the S. G. L. shall adopt 
proper measures * * * china will behold our temples 
adorning the Celestial Empire, and we will go forth to 
enlighten, civilize and Christianize the benighted millions of 
heathen lands." 



CHAMEU IIL 

*nid Odd Fellows' natal day — Stockton celebrates the 
anniversary — First observance of day — Sacramento dedicates 
a hall — Oration of Newton Booth — Memorial service to 
Thomas Wildey— San Francisco dedicates a new hall — The 
visit of Schuler Colfax— He confers the Rebekah degree — 
Presented with a handsome cane — The Odd Fellows' San 
Francisco library — "To bury the dead"— Dedication of Odd 
Fellows' cemetery — Sudden death of Parker — Corner stone of 
Parker monument. 

The anniversary day of American Odd Fellow- 
ship, April 26tli, is now annually celebrated 
throughout the Odd Fellow's world, but it was not 
generally honored until 1859, the Sovereign Gpand 
Lodge, the previous year, recommending its obser- 
vance. 

In accordance with the Grand Sire's recommen- 
dation, as reported in the Eastern newspapers, (for 
they received no official notice on this Coast of said 
recommendation). Grand Master Van Bokkelen 
issued his proclamation Januaiy 20, 1859, "for a 
day of thanksgiving and rejoicing." "Each and 
every lodge observed the day with appropriate cere- 
monies," said the Grand Mastx^r, the San I^^'rancisco 
lodges dedicating ^lineiTa Hall t/) the us(^ and pur- 
poses of the Order. The Marysville Odd Fellows 
also deflicated a hall in their splendid |1 0,000 stone 
building, the members of Yuba and Oriental Lodges, 
unassisted, paying for the building. 



44 CALIFORNIA ODD FELLOWSHIP. 

The Stockton lodges had dedicated a liall four 
years previous, 1855, Samuel H. Parker delivering 
the oration, and they celebrated the fortieth anni- 
versary with great enthusiasm. The brethren, in 
full regalia, marched the streets of the city, led l)y 
a band of music, then marching into tlie Stockton 
Theater, where the literary exercises of the day 
were held. The President of the Day was O. O. 
Burton. A. C. Bradford read tlie Grand Master's 
proclamation, and Nathan Porter delivered the 
oration. After singing the closing ode, the Odd 
Fellows reformed in line and marched to the City 
Hall, where a splendid banquet was in readiness. 
The walls were handsomely decorated with the 
flags, banners and emblems of the Order, and a 
large number of toasts were offered, Nathan Porter, 
A. C. Bradford, C. O. Burton and many others re- 
sponding. In the evening the festivities closed with 
a grand ball, the Odd Fellows dancing all night, 
until the broad day light. 

A few California lodges had celebrated the day 
previous to this time, among them the Stockton 
lodges. Charity and Stockton, they being the first 
in the State to celebrate the natal day. We need 
no higher authority on this point than Past Grand 
Master Parker, he in a letter to the Stockton 
brothers, April 20, 1859, saying : 

"I well know tliat the brothers of the City 



CALIFORNIA ODD FELLOWSHIP. 45 

of Stockton were the first on the Pacific 
Coast to recognize the anniversary of Odd 
Fellowship in the United States, as early 
as 1853. I had the pleasure of uniting 
with the brothers on that day." 

Parker had another pleasure in tlie following 
3 ear — that of tiiking part in the dedication of an 
Odd Fellows' hall at Sacramento, the first dedicated 
liall in the State. The brothei*s of that city Avere 
liustlers, not onl^^ in business, but in fraternal work, 
and so rapidly did tlieir membership increase they 
v.ere compelle<l to move four times, the last time to 
the Bennett building, on J street, between Second 
and Front. There they fitted up a fine hall, and 
November 13th, 1854, it was dedicated. The 
brothers of the three lodges assembled at their old 
hall, the Stanford building, on K street, paraded 
the principal streets of the city, thousands of men 
crowding the sidewalks and saluting as the proces- 
sion passed by. On arrival at tlie new building tlie 
Odd Fellows ascended to the hall, and the dis- 
tinguisIuMi guests from San Francisco, among them 
Saiuuel n. Parker, Daniel Norcross, T. Rodgei*s 
Johnson, P. B. Dexter, A. S. Iredale and A. J. A. 
Bohen, were given seats on the platform. Grand 
Master Morse then called the assembly to order, 
and Grand Chaplain Shuck offennl prayer, follow(*d 
by the singing of the ode "In God We Trust." After 



46 CALIFORNIA ODD FELLOWSHIP. 

the singing of a hymn by the Congregational 
Church choir, the interesting ceremonies of dedica- 
tion were performed by the Grand Master. The 
orator of this event was Newton Booth, a Past 
Grand of Sacramento, No. 2, and later on a very 
prominent figure in politics as Governor and United 
States Senator. 

It was the first Odd Fellows oration e^er de- 
livered in California, and Brother Booth in com- 
mencing his oration, said: 

"Less than seven years ago this spot was a 
wilderness. The grizzly bear Avas lord of 
the soil; the Digger Indian took his fish 
from the river and corralled his grass- 
hoppers unmolested. 

"The first of the noble old pioneers, and a 
single house, were the only precursors of 
the thronging life and bustling business 
of today. Less than four years ago the 
first lodge was organized, and its institu- 
tion was an experiment. 
"But through all the vicissitudes of our 
cit^'^s history, through fire, riot, lynch law 
and pestilence the progress of our Order 
has been steady, and we have met today to 
dedicate this new, fine hall, its elegant 
furniture and adornments, to the purposes 
of friendship, to works of benevolence — to 
the principles of Friendship, Love and 
Truth." 
The orator in his splendid address eulogized 



CALIFORNIA ODD FELLOWSHIP. 47 

Thomas AN'ildey, then iu the decline of life, express- 
ing the wish that he might long live to enjoy the 
fruits of his labor. Wildey's allotted time on earth, 
however, was but three score and ten, and strange 
as it may appear, the first message over the continu- 
ous overland telegraph line announced the death of 
Colonel E. D. Baker, the second message — 

"October 19th, Thomas Wildey, the father 
of American Odd Fellowship, died today.'' 

Til is was sad news for many of the Odd Fellows 
in tlie far West, for many had intimately known 
AVildey, some even having been initiated into the 
Order by him. (a) 

A memorial service in honor of his memory was 
hchl in Piatt's Uall Sunday, November 24tli, 1861, 
which was attended by Odd Fellows from all parts 
of Central California, The brethren, nearly 1000 in 
numl>er, assembling at their hall on the corner of 
Kusli and Kearney streets, marched to Piatt's Hall, 
(nich brother Avearing black crepe upon his left arm 
and a satin badge stamped with a portrait of Wildey 
pinned to the lapel of his coat. The Rev. Samuel C. 
Thrall and W. F. B. Jackson led the procession, 
dressed in their canonical robes. Great prepara- 
tions were made for this service, two and a half 
hours in length. A first-class chorus, orchestra and 
solo singers were present, and under the director- 
ship of Rudolph Herold they rendered the chorus 



48 CALIFORNIA ODD FELLOWSHIP. 

from St. Paul, and Mozart's requiem — that sublime 
composition composed by him just before his death 
— the solo parts being sustained by the famous 
singers of that day, Agatha States, Mrs. Leach and 
(). Keefe and Stephen Leach and Jacob Stadfeldt. 
The assembly being called to order, the Chaplain 
recited the Lord's prayer. The opening ode was 
then sung, followed by responsive Scripture read- 
ings by the Chaplain and the brethren. 

The eulogy was delivered by Past Grand Master 
Parker, and in his first words, calling attention to 
the death of Colonel E. D. Baker, California's 
favorite son, at Ball's Bluff, he said : 



iir^^ 



The lightning speaks. Its first flash 
across the continent brings us the sad 
tidings of a soldier's death. 

"He sleeps his last sleep. 
He has fought his last battle; 
No sound shall awake him to gioi'y again. 

^The lightning speaks. Its second flash 
brings us the sad tidings of death. Past 
Grand Sire Thomas Wildey, the great 
father and founder of American Odd Fel- 
lowship, is no more. * * * The Order 
which he has founded has been established 
in every State; his work has been accom- 
plished, and like Simeon of old, he could 
have long since looked upon his i>ast life 
and said, ^Lord, now lettest thy servant 



CALIFORNIA ODD FELLOWSHIP. 49 

dei>ai*t ill peace; for mine eves have seen 
the glory of thy salvation'." 

That the California Odd Fellows held in high 
esteem their "great father" was proven four years 
later, and "in the undying offering of thousands of 
Odd FelloAvs," as llidgely put it, a magnificent 
marble shaft was erected in Baltimore to the 
memory of Wildey. California contributed more 
than any other State in the Union, |3,000 ; Pennsyl- 
vania, $1,500, was second on the list. This beautiful 
shaft was destroyed in the great Baltimore fire. 

Another red-letter day in the history of the San 
Francisco Order was the dedication. May 6th, 1863, 
of a second Odd Fellows' hall. The Order had out- 
grown the limits of Minerva Hall, and the Board of 
Directors, purchasing the Academy of Music, cor- 
ner of Montgomery and Somers streets, afterwards 
the Chronicle building, of John C. Tucker, the 
famous jeweler, had remodelled it at a cost of 
$110,000, and fitted up and frescoed three handsome 
halls, dedicating them to Covenant, Parker and 
Wildey. 

At the sunrise, noon and sunset hour a salute of 
forty-four guns was fircnl from the top of Telegraph 
Hill, "and the flags from the shipping and build- 
ings" and "the splendid triumphal arch on Mont- 
gomei-y str(*et denoted that it was, indei*d, a gala 
day in California." 



50 CALIFORNIA ODD FELLOWSHIP. 

The procession, consisting of some 5,000 Odd 
Fellows from all parts of the State and from 
Nevada, '^as it filed along Montgomery street, from 
^larket to Washington, seemed the most gorgeous 
pageant we have ever witnessed," said an enthus- 
iastic reporter. The parade was led by Company C, 
of the National Guard, and the brethren marched 
to the music of four bands, among them the most 
famous band of that time, the U. S. Ninth Infantry. 

The literary exercises held in the Metropolitan 
Theater, Washington street, the building crowded 
to overflowing, consisted of prayer by the Grand 
Chaplain, the singing of two odes by the brethren, 
an oration by John D. Dwinelle, and an original 
poem by Charles A. Sumner, of Templar, No. 17, 
then court reporter and tlie best stenographer in 
California. The poem was quite lengthy and it 
concluded in the following lines: 

"And brothers, all unite in earnest prayer, 
That this grand work may have a heavenly 

care; 
That with the Father's blessing this Order 

may increase, 
Whose ways are ways of pleasantness and 

all whose paths are peace." 

The benediction w^as then pronounced and the 
procession reforming, marched to the new halls, 
wliere the Grand Master, J. A. J. Bohen, dedicated 



CALIFORNIA ODD FELLOWSHIP. 51 

them to Odd Fello>\'sliip. The celebration con- 
cluded with a ^*and ball in Union Hall. And over 
4,000 "ladies and the brotherhood" danced until the 
dawn of day. 

Twenty-one years passed along before San Fran- 
cisco saw the dedication of another imposing build- 
ing, and during those years many interesting events 
took place, among them the arrival, Jul^^ 4th, 1865, 
of Schuler Colfax, an Odd Fellow of high standing, 
and the creator of the Kebekah degree. From the 
time of his arrival at Placerville, in the first over- 
land stage to cross the continent, to the hour of his 
d(?parture, through the Golden Gate, he Avas enthus- 
iastically received, not only as a representative Odd 
Fellow, but as one of the first citizens of the land. 
Speaker of the House of Representatives and leader 
of the Republican party, (b) 

Colfax traveled extensively over the Pacific Coast 
in search of knowledge regarding its resources, and 
in every city he visited he received from the citizens 
and Odd Fellows a royal welcome, because of his 
gran<l work and his great love for the Order. Above 
all worhlly honors he placed Odd Fellowship, and 
u[x>n his retirement from the office of Vice-President 
of the United States he declared — 

"This ccmntry has conferred many honors 
upon me, but I would not exchange all of 
them today for that good standing in Odd 



52 CALIFORNIA ODD FELLOWSHIP. 

Fellowship, of which, for nearly a quarter 
of a century, I have been so justly proud." 

Whenever time and place would permit, Colfax 
visited lodges, delivered addresses — he was one of 
tlie ablest orators in America — and conferred the 
"woman's degree," as it was then called, upon 
hundreds of brothers and their wives. The degree 
in San Francisco, which is still a most pleasant 
memory with those then present, was conferred 
August 19th, in Covenant Hall, and Colfax himself, 
writing of this event sixteen years later, said : 

"I can never forget the unparalleled meet- 
ing of the degree of Rebekah, at Dashaway 
Hall, where with seven Sentinels, and 
twelve hundred present, four hundred of 
them ladies, I conferred the degree, on 
seventy-five wives and widows of my 
brethren." (c) 

During his visit Colfax, in Piatt's Hall, San 
Francisco, delivered a lecture on Odd Fellowship, 
before an immense mass meeting of Odd FelloAvs. 
August 17th he was tenderc^l a dinner by the Six 
Chinese Companies. Two weeks later, August 31st, 
he was given, by the citizens, a farewell banquet 
and ball, in the Occidental Hotel. Six hundred 
plates were set, with tickets at |25.00 each. On the 
evening previous to his departure by steamer for 
the East, he was presented by the brethren with a 



CALIFORNIA ODD FELLOWSHIP. 53 

beautiful gold-lieaded cane, valued at f 200. 00, the 
head being set with quartz from nine separate 
mines. 

The following morning he sailed on the Panama 
steamer, thousands bidding him God speed. 

Colfax again visited California with the Sover- 
eign Grand Lodge in 1869, and later, 1878, June 
14th, in Piatt's Hall, he delivered his famous lec- 
ture on Abraham Lincoln, for the benefit of the San 
Francisco Library Association. 

This library, now a thing of memory only, was 
tlie great project of Parker. He believed that noth- 
ing would have a greater tendency to build up Odd 
Fellowship and give it a high moral tone than a 
good librarj^, and he declared — 

"An Odd Fellow may have taken care of the 
sick, ♦ * ♦ but if he has not given 
this department of Odd Fellowship his 
mite, that at least one book ma^'^ be added 
to the intellectual storehouse of our Order, 
then he lacked one thing yet to nuike liim- 
self a perfect Odd Fellow." 

In a closet 5x6, adjoining the lodge room, the 
library was esUiblished in 1854, each member bring- 
ing a lH)()k. A Board of Directors was api)()intc(l 
to take charge of the work, and at the tinu* of 
Parker's death they had a library of 14,000 volumes, 
valued at $33,475. The increase of the volunu^ was 
rapid, and twenty years later, 1887, tliey liad some 



54 CALlFOtolA ODD ^ELLOWSttll*. 

40,000 volumes, many of them costly and rare. The 
rooms also contained several very valuable cabinets 
of minerals and curios. 

Parker at his death willed |2,500 to the library, 
to be kept on interest until principal and interest 
amounted to |5,000. The library was sustained by 
various means — concerts, lectures and picnics, a 
monster picnic being given August 7th, 1878, at 
Woodward's Garden. It was also supported by 
individual and lodge subscriptions, each lodge at 
one time paying |2.00 quarterly per member. The 
library was the best and most complete of any 
library in the State, especially in California litera- 
ture, but when the Free Library was established, 
its finish was in sight. In the Grand Lodge, 1897, 
the year the library closed its doors, efforts were 
made to have that body pass a law taxing the San 
Francisco lodges for the support of the library. 
Representative Polack, of No. 29, introducing the 
resolution. The Lodge declared it had no power to 
levy such a tax. 

In the earliest days even, as today, one of the 
most important duties of Odd Fellowship is "to 
bury the dead,'' for thus we are commanded. Unfor- 
tunately, however, for many years the Odd Fellows 
dwelling in the towns were compelled to bury their 
deceased brothers in grounds set apart by the 
authorities. This was unfortunate, for in the 



CALIFORNIA ODD FELLOWSHIP. 55 

rapidly growing towns the graveyards were often 
moved from place to place (d), and the burial spot 
of today became a place of business or travel to- 
morrow. 

To prevent any further desecration of the Odd 
Fellow dead, the brothers of San Jose, Sacramento, 
Vallejo, Stockton, San Francisco and the mining 
camps purchased plats of earth, and beautifying 
them with plants and flowers, there laid to rest their 
dead. 

The first cemetery dedicated to the purposes of 
Odd Fellowship, so far as the record shows, was the 
Odd Fellows' cemetery, San Francisco. As early 
as 1854 Templar Lodge took up a subscription for 
that purpose, and in the following year they gave 
notice to the San Francisco lodges that Templar 
Tjodge "designs to proceed in the matter of estab- 
lishing an Odd Fellows' cemetery." No further 
action seems to have been taken regarding this 
matter until August, 1865, at which time Yerba 
Buena Tx)dge purchased a plot of ground twenty- 
eight acres "on the western slope of Lone Mountain, 
on the south side of the Point Lobos road," at a cost 
of $300.00 per acre. As the grounds were too large 
for the burials of one lodge alone, it soon passed 
into the hands of an Odd Fellows' Association. 
They planted trees, shrubs and flowers, and in time 
it l)ecame the most beautiful spot in San Francisco. 



56 CALIFORNIA ODD FELLOWSHIP. 

Additional acres were purchased in 1879 and a third 
tract in 1886, with a good supply of water. Then 
the city limits were extended beyond the burial 
grounds, and finally, after several years of litiga- 
tion, a city ordinance was declared valid, prohibit- 
ing any further burials after August, 1901. 

In this cemetery lie buried many of our most 
honored dead, among them Parker, Bohen, Morse, 
Porter, Farnsworth, Johnson, and hundreds more 
of true Odd Fellows. On November 24th, 1865, it 
was dedicated "to the social purposes and uses of 
the dead of the Order." The grounds were dedi- 
cated by Grand Master C. O. Burton, he being intro- 
duced by the President of the Association, Charles 
Langley. The oration was delivered by John F. 
Morse, he declaring that in San Franrlsco, even 
the dead were obliged to pay toll, (e) 

In the eastern part of the cemetery there lies a 
high mound now known as "Parker's Hill." Upon 
this hill, March 16th, 1866, stood two Past Grand 
Masters, Samuel H. Parker and his most beloved 
brother, J. A. J. Bohen. It was a commanding 
position and a most inspiring view that lay before 
them. Parker, strong and in the best of health, 
turning to Bohen, then dying of consumption, ex- 
claimed : "Here must be laid the first Grand Master 
that dies in this jurisdiction." They returned to 
the city and in a few short hours Parker was dead 



CALIFORNIA ODD FELLOWSHIP. 67 

—fatty degeneration of the heart. He had returned 
to the hotel, the Lick House, and while descending 
the stairs to dinner, sank to the floor and immed- 
iately expired. 

It was a severe loss to the Order, this kind and 
gentle brother, who, "without a selfish thought," 
\\a& constantly doing for the good of those around 
him, and deeply grieved were the 7,000 Odd Fellows 
of California. His body lay in state in Covenant 
Hall, and March 18th a short funeral service was 
held. The rector of the Episcopal Church, John 
Goodwin, of which Parker was a prominent mem- 
l)er, read the burial service, '^I am the resurrection 
and the life," and the '^twelve" from Apollo Lodge, 
No. 123, sang several chants and hymns. The 
funeral cortege was then formed, the Past Grand 
Master resting upon a catalfaque, and to the solemn 
strains of thirty musicians the subordinate lodges, 
encampments and friends, numbering nearly 1,200, 
marched to the cemetery, where the burial services 
of the Order were read. 

They buried him upon the crest of the hill where 
he declared the first Grand Master dying should be 
buried, and three years later, November 17th, 1869, 
the Order laid the cornerstone for a splendid marble 
shaft, a tribute of love from the brethren. From the 
noon hour until the time appointed for the cere- 
mony the cars were crowded witli people hurrying 
to the "Silent City." When the hcmr of 2 was at 
hand, George M. Garwood, chairman of the Monu- 
ment Committee, introduced the Rev. F. Dillon 
Eagon, who offered prayer. The choir then sang an 



58 CALIFORNIA ODD FELLOWSHIP. 

appropriate selection, and the cornerstone, contain- 
ing many historical papers regarding the Order, 
was sealed by Grand Master Fox, he using for that 
purpose a trowel made of solid silver, handsomely 
chased with the emblems of the Order. In May, 
1902, Past Grand Master Fox presented this trowel 
to the Grand Lodge. The ceremony over, Nathan 
Porter delivered a splendid oration regarding the 
ancient and modern custom of erecting memorials 
over the beloved dead. 

(a) John Wasley, a charter member of Scio Lodge, 
No. 102, was initiated by Thomas Wildey in 1837 at Mineral 
Point, Wisconsin. 

Another brother, Wm. Childs, of Salinas Lodge, No. 152, 
was a member of Washington Lodge, No. 1, in 1828, and 
Wildey was then the acting Past Grand. 

Of the "old guard" was Wm. Attilier, a charter member 
of Yosemite Lodge, No. 97. He was initiated in 1819 in Frank- 
lin Lodge, No. 2, Baltimore; and he was employed making 
cartridges at Fort Henry, 1812, when Francis Key, then a 
prisoner on a British ship, composed the "Star Spangled 
Banner." Attilier came to California in 1849, settled at Big 
Oak Flat, organized the Yosemite Lodge, and died in 1878 
from severe burns received when his cabin caught fire. His 
portrait hangs in the lodge room, he wearing his original 
regalia, apron and collar. 

(b) "Colfax," says the historian, Rufus Wilson, "sat in the 
Jiouse for fourteen years; was thrice chosen Speaker, each 
time by an increased majority ; and when he retired from that 
post it was to become Vice-President under Grant. He was 
long one of the most popular men in public life, and he merited 
both esteem and good will, for his hands were always open, his 
aims high and his methods humble." 

(c) His visit in Sacramento was notable, as the four 
lodges held a special meeting in the Assembly chamber of the 
State Capitol to welcome Colfax. He conferred the Rebekah 
degree upon twenty-four wives and forty brothers, and at the 
close of the interesting session a banquet was spread in the 
Senate chamber. 

(d) In San Francisco, the first burial place was Russian 
Hill, and when the increasing population demanded more room, 
the bones and bodies were shoveled in carts and dumped into 
ditches dug in Yerba Buena cemetery, now the site of the 
City Hall. 

The first Stockton graveyard is now the site of the County 



CALIFORNIA ODD FELLOWSHIP. 



59 



Jail. There the first deceased Odd Fellow was buried, a 
brother from the mountains. His burial led indirectly to the 
Institution of Charity, No. 6, one year later. 

(e) The toll house was located on the top of the hill, this 
being the old Cliff House road. The toll was $1.00 for each 
two-horse hack or carriage, and 50 cents for a single-horse 
vehicle. In 1870 a reduction to funerals was made. The 
hearse and two carriages were permitted to pass free; extra 
carriages, 20 cents for two horses, and 10 cents for a buggy. 
The road, constructed of macadam, twenty-four feet wide and 
six miles in length, was built by Buckley and others at a cost 
of $40,000. 




^g^-?-r5?5Sv'E-, .—• ■ - -•^. 



THE PARKER MOMiiVlKM, (From an old print.) 
The monument was erected by the Parker Monument Com- 
mittee, consisting of Geo. M. Garwood, John Q. Piper, John A. 
McClelland, Geo. T. Bohen and Martin M. Heller, at a cost 
complete of $8,650, the monument alone costing $6,150. The 
money was contributed by the subordinate lodges and the 
encampments, Templar giving $1,000, Verba Buena $500 and 
Charity No. 6 $50. The monument, 37 1^ feet in height, rests 
on a hill 100 feet high. The corner stone was laid November 
17th, 1867, and completed the following year. 



CHAPTER IV. 

Firing on the Old Flag— What was its meaning?— Is Odd 
Fellowship a failure? — Thirty vacant chairs — Peace in our 
councils — The representatives' grand reunion — A victory for 
Odd Fellowship— Divisions in California— Haswell's strong 
Union speech — "The Union must and shall be preserved" — The 
dominion of peace — Resolutions on Lincoln's death — Grand 
Lodge refuses to endorse monument fund — Contributions to 
Garfield monument — The war for humanity — Honors to Gen- 
eral Lawton — Greetings to President McKinley — Grand Lodge 
adjourns to welcome President Roosevelt. 

At early dawn on the morning of April 12tli, 
1861, the battery in Charleston harbor, under com- 
mand of General Beauregard, began firing upon the 
Old Flag, then flying over Fort Sumpter. 

What was its meaning? It meant the secession of 
the South from the Union ; the separation of thous- 
ands of families ; a division of religious, benevolent 
and other secret societies, and a long and terrible 
war between the men of the North and the South. 

That year, October 19th, Thomas Wildey died. 
Was his life work a failure? His ideal of a universal 
brotherhood of man, a visionary dream, impossible 
in its conception? So it would seem, for now a 
great brotherly war was on, and in the city where 
Odd Fellowship had its birth the first blood of the 
conflict was shed. 

But Wildey's life work was not a failure. No! 
Deep down in the hearts of his disciples the fires of 
Odd Fellowship continued to brightly burn. They 



CALIFORNIA ODD FELLOWSHIP. 61 

piloted the good ship Odd Fellow straight on her 
course; they — 

"Knowing no sectional divisions and recog- 
nizing no geographical lines, continued to 
show the world an example of the incal- 
culable good which may be accomplished 
by an army of Odd Fellows marching on 




THOMAS WILDEY. 
Thomas Wildey, the founder of American Odd Fellowship, 
was born in London, England, January 15th, 1782. He at- 
tended school until 14 years of age, and then learned^ a trade, 
that of coach-spring maker. He was initiated into a' lodge of 
Odd Fellows at the age of 21, and during his residence in 
London he was an active worker. Emigrating to America in 
1817, two years later he instituted, April 26th, 1819, Wash- 
ington Lodge, No. 1, Baltimore. He was the first Noble 
Grand, served twice as the Grand Master of the Maryland 
Grand Lodge, and four years as the Grand Sire of the Grand 
Lodge of the United States. 



62 CALIFORNIA ODD FELLOWSHIP. 

under the glorius banner of Friendship, 
Love and Truth.'' 

When the Sovereign Grand Lodge assembled at 
Baltimore, (a) September, 1861, Robert B. Boyle- 
ston of South Carolina, the Grand Sire, was absent, 
(b) Deputy Grand Sire Herndon called the Lodge 
to order, "and as he addressed the members upon 
the grave situation that faced them, thirty vacant 
chairs and unoccupied desks stood before him." Ten 
States failed to answer to their names as the roll 
was called, for they had seceded, some of them from 
the mother lodge, expecting, eventually, to form an 
independent grand body (c). 

The Sovereign Grand Lodge would not admit 
that a secession of Grand Lodges was possible with- 
out their consent, and as this consent had not been 
given, the Grand liOdges were therefore within the 
jurisdiction of the Sovereign Grand body. Hence, 
it was, that throughout the war our ranks remained 
unbroken, the only society in the Nation not dis- 
rupted. 

"Peace ruled our councils and fraternity 
presided at our meetings. Each vacant 
chair was jealously guarded as the symbol 
of a living brother, and no action was 
taken without reference to the wishes of 
the distant brotherhood." 

The Northern brethren, anxious to have their 
Dixie Land brothers return as soon as i)ossible, 



CALIFORNIA ODD FELLOWSHIP. 63 

"largely to hold open the door for our Southern 
brethren," elected as Grand Sires, James B. Nichol- 
son of Pennsylvania, 1862-64, and Isaac M. Veitch 
of Missouri, 1864-66, both brothers being strong 
Southern sympathisers. As soon as the war closed, 
April 9th, 1865, Grand Sire Veitch communicated 
\A ith all the Southern Grand Lodges as soon as pos- 
sible and called upon them to elect their Sovereign 
Grand I^rodge representatives, to meet that year in 
Atlanta, Georgia. The North and the South sent a 
full representation, Wm. H. Barnes from Georgia 
there meeting California's representatives, John B. 
Hill and Charles Marsh. It was one of the grandest 
meetings ever held in the Avorld's history. The 
Southern brothers sat in their seats, anticipating 
recognition only, but when the Grand body unani- 
mously passed a resolution not only remitting all 
of the S. G. L. dues of the Southern Grand Lodges 
for the four previous years, but also furnishing 
them, free of cost, all the papers and books neces- 
sary to carry on their work until such time as they 
were able to pay for the same. Their gratitude was 
unl>ounded. One who was present said : 

"A scene of rejoicing such as was never be- 
fore and has never since been witnessed in 
the Grand Jjodge followed this action. It 
was an outburst of feelings long sup- 
press(»d, and the br(^thren laugh (^1, shouted 
and danced. It was a glad reunion of long 



64 CALIFORNIA ODD FELLOWSHIP. 

separated brethren, and tears of joy filled 
many manly eyes that were unused to 
weeping." 

The Civil War in its results was a great victory 
for the doctrine of Thomas Wildey — the fatherhood 
of God and the brotherhood of man. It united as 
never before the South and the North. And it gave 
to the slave his freedom, for '^He had made of on^ 
blood all nations of men, for to dwell on the face 
of the earth." 

While in the far East the conflict was raging, we 
here in California heard no battle cry, saw no clash 
of arms ; yet, the party lines were as closely drawn 
as at the seat of war, and the brothers each took 
sides for or against the Union. 

A. C. Bradford, afterwards Grand Master, was 
an outspoken secessionist, and he campaigned the 
district for John C. Breckinridge. Grove L. John- 
son was a defender of the South, and he denounced 
in unmeasured terms the Administration. On the 
other hand, Parker, appointed as postmaster of San 
I'rancisco by the President, held that office until 
the close of the war. C. O. Burton, Grand Master 
in 1865, was postmaster at Stockton, and a strong, 
uncompromising Union man; he was a campaign 
leader in every election. Charles S. Eigenbrodt, 
resigning his position as D. D. G. Master, recruited 
a company and raised to the rank of Captain in the 
California battalion, he was instantly killed while 



CALIFORNIA ODD FELLOWSHIP. 65 

leading a charge September 2d, 1864, in the Shenan- 
doah valley (d). 

In our intercourse with our fellowmen and with 
our brethren Ave are cautioned against speaking any 
improper sentiments or using any language that 
would injure or hurt the feelings of a brother. This 
rule strictly applies to the discussions of party or 
sect, for with them our Order holds no affiliation. 
During the terrible conflict there seems to have been 
no words spoken that hurt any brother's feelings, 
although in two or three recorded instances the 
speech-making, loyal brothers were very emphatic. 
One of these instances was at a reception tendered 
the Grand Lodge, 1864, by our Sacramento breth- 
ren. In the morning they gave their visiting broth- 
ers an excursion trip to Folsom, the first train ever 
run over the road, and in the afternoon a banquet 
in the pavilion. On that occasion Representative 
Charles S. Haswell, in response to the toast, ^^Our 
Country," first eulogizing the patriotism of the 
Kevolutionary Fathers, declared — 

"But in these latter days secession and 
rebellion have stalked the land ♦ ♦ ♦ 
and threatened ♦ ♦ ♦ to destroy this 
noble government. ♦ ♦ ♦ They will 
not succeed, ♦ ♦ ♦ and on the fields 
of Virginia, under U. S. Grant, their de- 
scendants are assembling to crush out the 
last vestige of secession. ♦ ♦ ♦ When 
this war ceases, no clanking chains of the 



66 CALIFORNIA ODD FELLOWSHIP. 

slave shall clash upon our ears forever- 
more, and beloved America shall arise 
above despotism, towering high, majestic 
and immovable." 

No brother seems to have been offended by these 
heated words, for they were all of one mind, ^^that 
the Union must and shall be preserved." That such 
Avas the case wa^ clearly demonstrated in the Grand 
Lodge session that year. At that time a resolution 
>\'as presented from the Grand Lodge of Pennsyl- 
vania ^^relative to the unity of the Order in the 
United States," and the 138 representatives by a 
unanimous vote proved their loyalty to the Union 
by the adoption of a strong set of resolutions in sup- 
port of the old government (e). 

John A. McClelland, then D. G. Master, was a 
\A'ar Democrat, and in his report as Grand Master, 
1865, he said : 

'^And as the time draws near when the mild 
dominion of peace is to be established, 

* * * we, as Odd Fellows, have an 
important Avork to accomplish. * * * 
It is the duty of our Order to be foremost 
in the benign office of cementing the love 
which should exist among the people, 

* * * and our privilege to assert our 
devotion to the great principles of human 
fraternity." 

Oniy seventeen days before this message of love 
and good will was proclaimed, the greatest tragedy 



CALIFORNIA ODD FELLOWSHIP. 67 

iu history took place, when President Lincoln, in 
Ford's theater, Washington, on the evening of April 
15th, 18G5, was shot and killed by an assassin. Odd 
Fellows and partisans expressed their most bitter 
condemnation of the deed. In the funeral obsequies, 
a few days later, Odd Fellows in all parts of the 
State took a pix)minent part, they parading in full 
regalia, Grand Master McClelland having granted 
a disi>ensation thus permitting. 

When the Grand Lotlge that year assembled, a 
committee of five was appointed to draw up resolu- 
tions out of respect to our late President. The com- 
mittee, consisting of M. M. Estee, Lewis Sober, 
Henry M. Gates, Wm. H. Hill and H. M. Hueston, 
in their report extolled the virtues, statesmanship 
and benevolence of the dead Lincoln, and resolved — 

"That no words at our command can ex- 
press our abhorence of the damning act of 
the assassin." 

In silence and by a standing vote the lodge 
adopted the resolutions, for President Lincoln was 
their idol. 

Time i>as8ed on, and as men began to study the 
character and the motives of Lincoln he grew in 
greatness, until finally both of the great political 
parties prochiimcMl him one of tin* grandest charac- 
ters in the world's history. The Graud Army of 
the Republic placed his name among the immortals, 



68 CALIFORNIA ODD FELLOWSHIP. 

and in marble to perpetuate his name, the 
•G. A. R. Veterans of California formed a Lincoln 
League Association, for the purpose of erecting to 
his memory a monument in 'Golden Gate Park. 
Wm. H. Barnes, believing that such a worthy object 
would meet the approval of every true Odd Fellow, 
in the Grand Lodge session, 1897, offered the fol- 
lowing resolution: 

"That we hereby express ourselves as being 
in heartfelt sympathy mtli the avowed 
objects of this league, and commend the 
patriotic undertaking to the attention of 
every brother in our fraternal Order." 

The resolution was referred to the Committee on 
State of the Order — Grove L. Johnson, Sam J. 
Smith, J. M. Angelloti and Reuben H. Lloyd — and 
adversely reporting, they declared — 

"For we do not believe that this Order 
should, as an Order, honor any man, no 
matter how great, who was not a member 
of the Order." 

And the Grand Lodge, lacking in patriotism, ap- 
proved of this committee's report. 

A fitting tribute and honor was, however, ac- 
corded by the Lodge to the second President slain, 
James A. Garfield, an Odd Fellow. He was a 
brother who will ever be remembered by his sublime 
proclamation, "God reigns, and the government at 
Washington still lives," and when from earth Ms 



CALIFORNIA ODD FELLOWSHIP. 69 

spirit winged its way, Orand Master Louderback 
**earnestly requested all Odd Fellows to participate 
in the funeral obsequies" September 26th, 1881. 

The Garfield Monument Association was formed 
to erect to him a marble shaft, and the Grand Mas- 
ter, October 12th, 1881, gave permission to all sub- 
ordinate lodges to subscribe towards the fund. 
Some sixty lodges contributed nearly $700. The 
corner stone of the monument was laid in Golden 
Gate Park by the Masonic Grand Lodge, the Grand 
Lodge of Odd Fellows taking part in the parade 
only. 

On the evening of February 15th, 1898, the battle- 
ship Maine, on her mission of charity-feeding the 
starving Cubans, was peacefully lying at anchor 
in the harbor of Havana. Suddenly the ship went 
to the bottom of those slimy waters, blown up by a 
Spanish torpedo, and two hundred and fifty of tlie 
crew were drowtied. 

Because of this atrocious act and other Spanish 
difficulties, April 21st Congress declared war upon 
Spain. It Avas just thirty-four years previous, the 
same month and day, that the South fired upon the 
Old Flag. Then the hatred between our brothers. 
Now to the Presidential call of arms the sons of the 
Southland quickly responded, and togetlier marchc^d 
our Northern and Southern brothers to fight the 
battles for humanity and free an oppressed peopla 



70 CALIFORNIA ODD FELLOWSHIP. 

It was a glorious war, this fight for the principles 
of Odd Fellowship, and the heroes of that war were 
given high honors. 

Bay City Lodge, No. 71, entertained their brother 
soldiers May 31st, 1898, sailing for and returning 
from Manila September 12th, 1899, and the Grand 
Lodge, 1900, adopted a resolution of respect ^'to the 
name of the gallant soldier. General Henry W. Law- 
ton, killed in the Philippine Islands while leading 
a charge.'' He was the only surviving member of 
Harmony Lodge, No. 19, of Indiana. 

Upon the arrival of his body at San Francisco, 
on board of a government transport, a large number 
of Odd Fellows escorted the 'Mead" to the under- 
taker's, they intending the following day to pay the 
General high honors. The military authorities 
Avould not permit civilian honors to be paid. The 
Odd Fellows escort, limited to one hundred,. by the 
officer in command, escorted the body to the mole, 
a special train being in waiting at Oakland to bear 
the distinguished dead, General Lawton, Major 
Logan and Dr. Atkinson, to the East. The bodies 
were laid each on a cassion, with two companies of 
cavalry as guards. As the funeral cortege silently 
marched, ''it was a most solemn and impressive 
event, thousands of people standing along the street 
with uncovered heads as the funeral procession 
passed by." 



CALIFORNIA ODD FELLOWSHIP." 71 

The President is the Commander-in-Chief of the 
army and navy, and President McKinley, visiting 
California in May, 1901, was everywhere received 
with high honors and great enthusiasm. The six 
hundred representatives of the Grand Lodge, then 
in session, sent to him — 

"Their most hearty and sincere greetings 
and best wishes for Divine guidance and 
protection in all his ways," 

and Grand Master Watson and Grand Secretary 
Shaw conveyed the Lodge greeting to the worthy 
Chief. Three days later. May 17th, by a unanimous 
vote, the Lodge 

"Expressed their heartfelt sympathies be- 
cause of the critical illness of his wifa" 

But when later the assassin's bullet, September 6th, 
sent McKinley's soul to the great beyond, the Grand 
Lodge of 1902 was silent regarding this foul deed. 

The Lodge, 1901, in extending to President Mc- 
Kinley their greeting, declared — 

"He will find all Odd Fellows true and loyal 
citizens of the country," 

And they again proved their loyalty, 1903, by ad- 
journing their session that the representatives 
might welcome President Koosevelt — 

"Because of his hearty endorsement of the 
wortli of fraternal societies." 



72 CALIFORNIA ODD FELLOWSHIP. 

The President reached San Francisco May 12th, 
and he was given a rousing reception. 

(a) Grand Secretary Ridgely says the "Talesman" plotted 
with Grand Sire Boyleston to have this session of the Sover- 
eign Grand Lodge held within the limits of the Confederacy, 
but the plot was discovered and defeated by General John C. 
Smith of Chicago. Ridgely afterwards barely missed imprison- 
ment because of his activity in the Southern cause. 

(b) Robert Boyleston at this time and through the war 
was one of General Beauregard's staff officers. 

(c) Efforts were made by some of the Grand Lodge repre- 
sentatives, notably those of Mississippi and Alabama, to have 
them secede, but the majority refused, they declaring that the 
Grand Lodge had no grievance against the Sovereign Grand 
Lodge. 

The Georgia Grand Lodge assembling at Macon in 1862 
installed Wm. H. Barnes as Grand Master, and he that year 
instituted Barnes Lodge, No. 55. 

In his report he said that the brothers of a certain lodge 
had all gone to the front, "but I will not recall their charter, 
for I believe that they will all return and again take up the 
good work." 

(d) Charles S. Eigenbrodt was a very active Odd Fellow. 
One of the first members of Charity, No. 6, for a time its Sec- 
retary, he later withdrew and became a charter member of 
Templar, No. 17, its first Vice Grand. Withdrawing from No. 17 
he then became the so-called Father of Crusade Lodge, No. 93. 
He was the only Odd Fellow killed during the Civil War, so 
far as the record shows, and in his will he left $1,000 to the 
lodge to establish their library. In a Captain's uniform his 
portrait now hangs in their hall. 

(e) The resolution declared in part: "That this Grand 
Lodge will never consent to a separation of the Order, or coun- 
tenance any division of the American Republic; that we be- 
lieve that all brethren * * * who have aided or assisted 
In the disintegration of American nationality are unfaithful 
members of the Order * * * and undeserving of associa- 
tion in the Order of Odd Fellows. 

"Resolved, * * * that it is the duty of all good Odd 
Fellows to labor earnestly and faithfully for the overthrow of 
the present wicked rebellion; that as members of this Grand 
Lodge, as citizens, we pledge our lives, fortunes and honor m 
support of the government of our fathers." * * * 



CHAPTEU V. 

Odd Fellows* Stockton hall dedicated — First corner stone 
in California — Grand Lodges attend railroad celebration — The 
experience of A. J. Gunnison — Sovereign Grand Lodge visits 
California — Entertained royally — Ridgely presented with a 
cane — T. Rodgers Johnson, Grand Secretary — The contest for 
office — Johnson's failing health — His death and funeral — 
Nathan Porter — That $500 banner — The Philadelphia celebra- 
tion — Porter, the Grand Orator — An inspiring scene — Organ- 
ization of the Veteran Association — Death and burial of 
Nathan Porter. 

The terrible fiuternal war did not in any par- 
ticular retard the onward march of California Odd 
Fellowship, and Grand Master Burton said : 

"The Odd Fellows of the city (Stockton) 
haye carried almost to completion a build- 
ing that is acknowledged by all to be ex- 
ternally the finest Odd Fellows' building 
in the State." 

The building Avas completed in 1866. The corner 
stone was laid November 28th, 1865, in the presence 
of hundreds of brothers and friends. The exercises 
were opened with prayer by the Rev. P. G. Buchan- 
nan, Grand Chaplain, followed by the singing of our 
ode. Grand Secretary Johnson then read a list of 
the articles to be placed within the stone, and the 
ceremony of laying and sealing the stone was per- 
formed by Grand Master Burton. Deputy Grand 
Master Dorrance then proclaimed the stone duly 
laid, and prayer was again offered to the Most High. 
An oration was delivered by John W. Dwinelle. 



74 CALIFORNIA ODD FELLOWSHIP. 

The Stockton Odd Fellows have the honor of lay- 
ing the first corner stone in California, that of the 
County Court House, August 10, 1853. The Masons 
refused to lay the stone and the Supervisors then 
called upon the Odd Fellows. They responded, and 
after the articles had been placed in a glass jar and 
hermetically sealed, the stone was laid in place by 
E. W. Colt, then Deputy Grand Master. An address 
was delivered by A. G. Stakes, County Judge, and 
an oration by George Ryer, a popular tragedian of 
that day. 

One of the most important events of the nation 
was the completion of the overland railroad, and 
with great pleasure the Grand Lodge, then sitting 
in San Francisco, in response to a telegram from the 
Sacramento committee. May 5th, 1869, accepted 
the invitation 

"To participate with our citizens in the cel- 
ebration of the great event, * * * to 
be present and join with us on the day of 
the demonstration, Saturday, May 8th." 

In answer to the invitation the Lodge adopted the 
Charles N. Fox resolution to attend the celebration 
in full regalia, 

"And then and there pay their respects to 
the ofl&cers who have carried through that 
great work." 

San Francisco also celebrated the event, and they 



CALIFORNIA ODD FELLOWSHIP. 75 

worked hard in the Grand Lodge in their endeavor 
tc have that body reconsider their vote to attend the 
Saeraiuento celebration. An evening session was 
held on Friday that they might complete their busi- 
ness. Arriving at the Capital about noon, the Odd 
Fellows were one of the largest and most imposing 
sights of that splendid parade. 

Probably among the Odd Fellows no one realized 
the great value to travelers, at least, of the new 
route to the East more than A. J. Gunnison, Sover- 
eign Grand Representative to the Grand Lodge in 
1862. Taking passage on the Golden Gate July 
31st, all went well until the steamer was off the 
coast of Mazatlan. She there caught fire, and 
although run to the shore, many passengers per- 
ished. Representative Gunnison, being a good 
swimmer, succeeded in reaching the shore, he losing 
all of his baggage and the Australia documents 
confided to his keeping. He arrived at San Fran- 
cisco with only the clothing upon his back, and as 
it was too late to again sail for Baltimore, Califor- 
nia that year had but one representative in the Sov- 
ereign Grand Lodge. 

For several years the Californians had been en- 
deavoring to have some of the Grand officers visit 
the Golden West, among them Grand Sire Veitch, 
he being a personal friend of Grand Master Mc- 
Clelland. The efforts were unsuccessful, because of 



76 CALIFORNIA ODD FELLOWSHIP. 

the long ocean voyage and the heavy expense; but 
the completion of the railroad made a visit possible, 
not only from the Sovereign Grand officers, but 
from the S. G. Lodge. Having this point in view, 
the Grand Lodge, through her representatives, A. J. 
Gunnison and C. A. Dannals, invited the S. G. L. 
to meet in San Francisco in the session of 1869. 
They voted to there assemble, provided ^'through 
trains are daily being run after August 1st, 1869, 
from the Atlantic to the Pacific, and they were given 
free passage from Omaha and return.'^ The last 
named proposition was a problem to. the represen- 
tatives, and they telegraphed to Grand Master Fox 
for instructions. They waited but a short time, 
then the joyful news to them was flashed over the 
wire — 

"Templar Lodge has unanimously agreed to 
secure expenses of representatives not ex- 
ceeding |10,000. Invite Grand Lodge. 
T. Rodgers Johnson, Secretary." 

Near the appointed time of meeting, September 
10th, the California reception committee journeyed 
to Omaha. The body were all assembled, 122 rep- 
resentatives, 18 P. G. Sires and Masters, together 
with 24 ladies; but the Union Pacific refused to 
turn a wheel until the passage money was in sight 
The committee were placed in a very embarrassing 
position, for Avith a railroad company promises are 



CALIFORNIA ODD FELLOWSHIP. 77 

not legal tender. Again the wires were made hot 
and Fox was informed of the situation. Wm. C. 
Ralston, a member of Templar Lodge, learning of 
the difficulty, wired to John B. Harmon: 

"Draw on the California Bajik for any 
ajnount. Ralston." 

The name of Ralston, then President of the Cali- 
fornia Bank, was good for any sum of money, and 
the corporation wheels, now well oiled, easily rolled 
out of Omaha for the City-by-the-Sea. 

The representatives on arrival in Nevada were 
entertained by Grand Master C. C. Hayden. Then, 
speeding onward, the train rushed down the slopes 
of the Sierras into Sacramento. That day, Sep- 
tember 15th, Grand Sire Famsworth laid the comer 
stone of the Odd Fellows' Temple, and that evening 
they were tendered a banquet in the Capitol build- 
ing. 

The following afternoon they were the guests of 
Nathan Porter, at Alameda, "where a most bounti- 
ful collation was spread under the oaks of his resi- 
dence," and then crossing the bay they were landed 
at the Broadway wharf and welcomed by hundreds 
of Odd Fellows — a reunion of friends long separ- 
ated. A procession was then formed, and escorted 
by Company C of the National Guard seventy-five 
strong and led by a fine band, they marched up 
Broadway to Sansome, to Pacific, to Montgomery, 



78 CALIFORNIA ODD FELLOWSHIP. 

to Market, to Kearney, to Bush, where seats had 
been reserved for them in the California theater. 

As the Sovereign Grand Lodge entered that beau- 
tiful temple of the drama, built by Odd Fellow 
Ralston and dedicated by the tragedian, John Mc- 
Cullough, the audience arose to their feet and 
greeted them with cheers that seemed to shake the 
building. The officers and leading Odd Fellows 
were escorted to the stage and speeches of welcome 
were made by John Harmon and others, E. D. 
Farnsw^orth, Grand Sire, responding. The twilight 
of the fading day was fast approaching when loud 
calls were made for "Ridgely! Ridgely!" As the 
old veteran stepped forward to speak a few words, 
the people, as '^if from one common impulse, arose 
to greet him," the lights at that moment were sud- 
denly in flame, and as the Odd Fellows' shouts 
echoed and re-echoed throughout the building a 
scene was presented ne'er before witnessed on this 
Western shore. 

On the following day, Sunday, the representa- 
tives rested, many attending divine service. On 
Monday the Lodge assembled in Pacific hall for 
work. They were welcomed to California by Grand 
Master Harmon, Farnsworth again responding. 
That evening they enjoyed a sumptuous banquet. 
The next day, Tuesday, the San Francisco fire 
department, under the direction of Chief Scannell, 



CALIFORNIA ODD FELLOWSHIP. 79 

gave them an exhibition drill in answering quickly 
a fire alarm. The same day, by invitation of the 
North Pacific Transportation Company, on the 
steamer Senator they took an excursion around the 
bay and out the Golden Gate. A similar excursion 
was tendered "the guests" by the Alameda, Western 
and San eTose Eailroad Company. Boarding the 
steamer Alameda, they made the run across in 
thirty-five minutes. A special train of eight coaches 
was in waiting, and speeding down the coast they 
arrived at San Jose about noon. Five hundred Odd 
Fellows escorted them to Armory hall, a band pre- 
ceding them, where a fine collation awaited them, 
Ridgley addressing the brotherhood. From San 
Jose the party came up the coast to Menlo Park and 
San Mateo, and all along the route they w^ere 
privately entertained by Ralston, Mills, Hayward 
and many other millionaires. 

Friday afternoon the representatives in full 
regalia attended the Mechanics' Fair, and they were 
by the Directors "treated to champagne and to 
sights not to be seen except at an industrial fair." 

On the last day of the session, the Californians 
presented Ridgely with a beautiful California bay- 
wood cane, the head of the cane being inlaid with 
quartz. 

The visit of this Grand body, the first National 
organization to cross the continent, was exceedingly 



80 CALIFORNIA ODD FELLOWSHIP. 

helpful to California Odd Fellowship. It gave new 
life and vigor to the brethren, who daily toiled in 
the vineyard of Odd Fellowship, aroused the latent 
energies of the sleeping, and ^^among those Avho had 
hitherto remained ignorant of the character of the 
institution to which we belong'' it created an inter- 
est to learn more of the Order and its teachings, this 
resulting in an increased membership. 

None worked harder to make the visit of the 
Sovereign Grand Lodge a success than T. Rodgers 
Johnson, the faithful, efficient Grand Secretary for 
twenty-one years. Elected as Grand Secretary at 
the first session of the Grand Lodge, he received for 
his services the sum of |500 per year — an amount 
so small that he was compelled to open a ^'haber- 
dasher" store, and also manufacture and sell 
regalias (a) that he might make both ends meet. 
His salary, however, was gradually increased in 
amount until it reached the yearly sum of 
13,000 (b). 

^'Johnson," said one who well knew him, "un- 
doubtedly did more towards advancing the Order 
to the high position it now holds, than any man in 
California. As true as the needle to the pole, so 
true was T. Rodgers Johnson to the principles of 
Odd Fellowship." Without a single opponent, he 
was unanimously elected Secretary, year after year, 
until 1874, at which time Walter B. Lyon of Auburn 



CALIFORNIA ODD FELLOWSHIP. 



81 



I^odge, No. 7, appeared in the Grand Lodge as 
Johnson's rival. He had been seen in the Grand 
Lodge but twice previous, 1860-69, and he now be- 
came a representative for the express purpose of 
winning the prize. 




I. O. O. F. HALL, STOCKTON. 

The building was erected by the Odd Fellows' Hall Associa- 
tion, at a cost of some $40,000, and no expense was spared in 
the fitting up of the hall, the frescoing alone costing over $800. 

The Grand Lodge session was held that year at 
Vallejo. The Odd Fellows of that town having 
erected a handsome two-story building' at a cost of 
126,000, dedicating their hall April 26th, 1872. 



82 CALIFORNIA ODD FELLOWSHIP. 

Representative E. W. O'Brien (e), then Grand 
Herald, invited the Lodge to assemble ^'in the third 
State Capital, as they had built a fine hall and could 
easily accommodate 1,500 people in the town." 

The Grand Lodge voted to there convene without 
a dissenting voice, and when the time arrived, a 
steamer load of Johnson's friends attended the ses- 
sion, as it was whispered around that efforts would 
be made by the mountain Odd Fellows to beat 
Johnson. The mountain camps in that day were 
filled with livel}^ Odd Fellows, and an exciting elec- 
tion was anticipated. 

The mountain candidate for the Secretaryship 
was a man of suave and polished manners,' possess- 
ing a bright mind exceedingly retentive, and many 
of the qualities of a successful politician, and laying 
"his wires," he had the office within his grasp before 
he entered the Grand Lodge. On the second day 
the officers were elected, and Johnson was placed in 
nomination by Nathan Porter, Lyons being placed 
in nomination by Warren Heaton. The result was 
very close, Johnson being elected by only three 
votes (d). The shadow of defeat was following in 
his footsteps. 

In the following year the Grand Lodge assembled 
in San Francisco, and Lyons was again placed in 
nomination by Warren Heaton, Representative 
Selig of No. 13, nominating Johnson. On the first 



CALIFORNIA ODD FELLOWSHIP. 83 

ballot Johnson ran behind, 271-273, necessary for a 
choice 279, as two other brothers were running. 
There being no election, a second ballot was 
ordered; but the hour being near noon, Johnson's 
friends, sparring for time, moved an adjournment 
The motion was lost, and on the second ballot 
Walter B. Lyon, unfortunately for Johnson and the 
future honor of the Lodge, receiving a majority of 
all the votes cast, was declared elected Grand Sec- 
retary. Johnson almost wept over his defeat. 

The Grand Ix>dge, appreciating highly the ser- 
vices of their Past Grand Secretary, on the last day 
of the session presented him w ith a handsome gold 
watch, Nathan Porter making the presentation 
speech. But neither gold nor silver can cure an 
aching heart, and the ex-Secretary, deeply humil- 
iated, crossed the portals of the Lodge, ne'er again 
to enter. Struggling for months against the fataJ 
disease, consumption, he now rapidly failed in 
strength, and sailing for Anaheim, hoped there to 
recover. Death to him was calling, and January 
11, 1876, he died at Santa Barbara. 

The body was immediately returned to San Fran- 
cisco, and it lay in statue in Covenant hall awaiting 
the burial honors of the Grand Encampment, which 
had known no other Grand Scribe but he. The 
funeral service was conducted by the rector of the 
Church of Advent, Dr. Lathrop, he offering a prayer 



84 CALIFORNIA ODD FELLOWSHIP. 

after the singing of the hymn, ^^Come, Ye Discon- 
solate," by the choir, H. M. Bosworth presiding at 
the hall organ. Nathan Porter delivered the eulogy, 
this preceding the closing hymn. 

The funeral procession was then formed by 
encampments, lodges and friends, and under the 
escort of the Golden Gate Battalion, in their new 
uniforms of purple and gold, to the music of the 
funeral dirge, the Odd Fellows marched to the 
^'Sacred mountain of the dead, consecrated to our 
Order." On arrival, the funeral service was read 
from memory by Jacob Miller, Grand Master, 
assisted by Grand High Priest H. S. Winn (e). 
The quartette then sang — 

"When through life's devious Avays we run. 
Thy will be done," 

and the brethren, casting upon the coffin their sprigs 
of evergreen, again returned to the busy homes of 
trade. 

Nathan Porter's eulogy of the remains of his old 
friend was such only as he could pronounce. A man 
clean morally and socially, a lawyer of deep learn- 
ing, a brilliant orator, he could sway his audience 
to laughter or tears, and equally well deliver an 
oration or preach a sermon (f). 

Visiting California in 1854, he again returned in 
1859 to reside permanently, and at once taking a 



CALIFORNIA ODD FELLOWSHIP. 86 

lead in "State Odd Fellowship, as he had led in 
National Odd Fellowship," he never made a move in 
the Grand Lodge that he did not carry out. As an 
orator he cheerfully and freely gave his services at 
all times and seasons, and upon all important occas- 
ions he was invited somewhere to speak, either be- 
fore the large crowd of the city, or in the little 
hamlet, before the faithful few. Probably the 
highest honor ever accorded him was in 1876. He 
that year being selected as one of the four orators 
to address the immense throng of 50,000 Odd Fel- 
lows assembled at Philadelphia September 20th, 
in a. grand centennial celebration of our Order. 

It was also a reunion of all of the surviving rep- 
resentatives of the Sovereign Grand Lodge, the idea 
being suggested by Wm. E. Smith, a P. S. G. R. from 
Maine. The idea was enthusiastically received by 
the Grand Lodge throughout the Union, and Cali- 
fornia catching the fever proposed "to inaugurate 
measures by which the whole California Order may 
be represented at the Odd Fellows' celebration." 
Committees were appointed to "whoop up" the mat- 
ter; the Grand Lodge gave them permission to 
solicit and obtain $10,000 by public entertainments, 
picnics and so forth in the name of the Order for the 
purchase of flags, banners, badges (g) and other 
truck, aiid a resolution was presented and carried 
through by Porter — 



86 CALIFORNIA ODD FELLOWSHIP. 

"That 1500.00 be appropriated from the 
Grand Lodge funds for the purpose of pro- 
curing a banner for this Grand Lodge, to 
be borne in the procession on that occas- 
ion, and that the Golden Gate Battalion 
be requested to carry said banner to Phil- 
adelphia and in the procession on that 
day." 

Many of the representatives opposed such an 
extravagant waste of the Grand Lodge funds, but 
the resolution was carried by a vote of 185 to 53, 
and a committee of three was appointed to procure 
the banner (h). 

The banner was the most artistic piece of work 
ever made in California up to that time, but the 
representation that folloAved after in that grand 
parade Avas woefully small. The railroad fare at 
that time was |250.00, round trip, without sleepers, 
and the company would not give reduced rates 
unless an excursion train was chartered. But few 
Odd Fellows visited the East on that occasion. 
Those who attended the celebration, however, saw 
one of the grandest sights of their lives, and our 
(irand Representatives, John B. Harmon and Colin 
M. Boyd, declared "language is utterly inadequate 
to do it justice." The procession containing over 
15,000 Odd Fellows marching eight abreast, was 
nine miles long with 100 bands of music in the 120 
divisions. 



CALIFORNIA ODD FELLOWSHIP. 87 

Marching through the principal streets, the 
"army" entered Fairmount Park — the World's 
Exposition was there being held — and marched to 
the place set apart. At that point a central plat- 
form was erected, with four converging platforms, 




ODD FELLOWS' HALL, STOCKTON, 1855. 
The building was erected by two Odd Fellows, at a cost of 
$10,000. and the hall was dedicated July 9th, 1855, by Past 
Grand Master Parker. 

to the east, to the west, to the north and the south. 
From these platforms four famous orators ad- 
dressed the vast crowd, each orator representing 
a geographical division of the Union. Nathan 
Porter proclaiming the west, delivering the longest 
oration, closed with these familiar lines : 



88 CALIFORNIA ODD FELLOWSHIP. 

"Great God, we thank thee for this home — 
This bounteous birthland of the free — 
Where wanderers from afar may come 
And breathe the air of liberty." 

The multitude for him were waiting, and as he 
closed, a most thrilling scene was enacted, for each 
orator, accompanied by his escorts, marching to the 
central platform, there clasped hands — the symbol 
of a world united fraternity. At that moment the 
immense band began playing "Hail Columbia," then 
changing to "Old Hundred" in one grand chorus, 
the music towards the heavens rolling, the people 
began singing — 

"Praise God, from whom all blessings flow." 

This event was one of the "sweet memories of Odd 
Fellowship,'' and to keep it in remembrance Nathan 
Porter, Charles N. Fox and others organized the 
Veteran's Association, an association first organ- 
ized by P. B. Shillaber, the humorous author ( Mrs. 
Partington ) , in Siloam Lodge, No. 2, Massachusetts. 
Preliminary meetings were held and in Porter's law 
office April 24th, 1877, the association was organ- 
ized with Nathan Porter as President, Charles Fox 
Vice-President, Frank S. Austin Secretary, H. L. 
Brooks Treasurer and Isaac Bluxome Marshal. All 
twenty-year-old Odd Fellows in good standing were 
eligible for membership, the admission fee being 
|1 and the dues |1 a year, this last sum paying for 



CALIFORNIA ODD FELLOWSHIP. 8!> 

the annual banquet. Their by-laws declared that 
the objects of the association were to keep old times 
\ n remembrance, encourag^e and visit young lodges, 
and have an annual banquet. 

Their first public reception was in tlie Mechanics' 
Pavilion, Maj 8th, 1877. The Grand Lodge officers 
and over 4,000 Odd Fellows and their families were 
present, and among the speakers was Wm. H. 
Barnes (his first year in California), Charles N. 
Fox, J. B. Harmon, F. P. Dann and H. P. Tilden. 

Among their many lodge visits, one of the nuKst 
notable was their surprise visit, August 14th, 1879, 
to Yerba Buena, No. 15, Abou Ben Adhem Lwlge 
being present as their guests. Suddenly an alarm 
was heard at the inner door. The Sentinel attc^nd- 
ing the alarm, found (leo. T. Bohen, Grand Mar- 
shal, and the Veterans, in waiting. They were 
admitted and introduced to the lodge by their Pres- 
ident, Charles Fox. Later on, by invitation of tlie 
Noble Grand, tlie "Vets." occupicxl the chairs and 
initiated a candidate. It was an initiation seldom 
seen, for every officer was proficient and letter per- 
fect in his part, f<mr of tlie officei's being Past Grand 
Masters and two PMst Sovereign (Jrand Keprcseii- 
tatives. 

Porter was not there; lie had gone home; and the 
deepest mourners were those who best knew him. 



90 CALIFORNIA ODD FELLOWSHIP. 

And as N. Greene Curtis, his political opponent in 
the Senate said: 

"No man could know Nathan Porter but to 
love him. * * * The angel of death 
has cast his shadow over this body, and 
over the entire land. The brittle thread of 
life has been clipped, and our brother has 
gone down to the grave full of honor." 

Elected as Senator from Alameda, he made a long 
speech January 24th, 1878, in opposition to a 
certain Senate bill, and at its close he seemed ex- 
hausted. Shortly afterward he apparently regained 
his full strength, and that evening visiting Capitol 
Lodge, he made another speech. Ketiring that night 
in the home of a friend, he awoke the following 
morning, his lower limbs paralyzed. The disease 
rapidly spread, and about midnight January 26th 
Nathan Porter passed beyond the river. He died 
almost alone, for his two daughters were compelled 
to remain in their Alameda home attending to their 
mother, dying of cancer. 

The following Monday the Legislature assembled 
as usual and then adjourned out of respect to Sena- 
tor Porter, deceased. Committees were also ap- 
pointed to accompany the remains to San Francisco 
and attend his funeral. The body was conveyed to 
Covenant hall, where it lay in state. Porter having 
expressed a wish to be buried from that hall, for to 



CALIFORNIA ODD FELLOWSHIP. 91 

him it was sacred, for there had lain the bodies of 
Parker, Johnson, Morse, Bohen and Freer. Cove- 
nant hall was not large enough for the funeral 
attendance, and on that day the encampments and 
lodges, under the escort of the battalion and the 
Industrial school band, conveyed the body to Dash- 
away hall. Porter there delivering the oration when 




NATHAN PORTER. P. S. G. R. 
Nathan Porter was born in Salem, Massachusetts, in 1816, 
and in early life he learned the hatter's trade. His election 
as a Justice of the Peace convinced him that his future line of 
work should be the law, and graduating from a law school, in 
Rhode Island, he began his practice. In 1858 he came to Cali- 
fornia to reside, and immediately taking a leading part in 
Odd Fellowship, for eight consecutive years he represented 
the State in the Sovereign Grand Lodge. He was also a leader 
In social and political lines, and always in the front in the 
alleviation of suffering and distress. 



92 CALIFORNIA ODD FELLOWSHIP. 

the corner stone was laid, November 5th, 1861, by 
Governor Downey, assisted by the Grand Lodge, 
I. O. O. F. 

The casket was placed in the center of the hall, 
and J. W. Hayes of Grass Valley, Grand Patriarch, 
stated the object of their assembling. "Sad are the 
strains that speak our present woe,- ' was then sung 
by the male quartette — J. F. Tippett, Joseph Ma- 
guire, Samuel D. Mayer and Walter Campbell. 
The Bible, a part of the ICor., 15 Chap., 14 verse, 
was then read by Rev. James McGowan, followed 
by prayer. The (juartette then sang the hymn now 
of National fame, ''Nearer My God to Thee," and 
John B. Harmon, standing beside the dead, deliv- 
ered a short address. The beautiful quartette from 
the opera of "Aida" was then sung — 

"Rest, spirit rest; 
Rest from thy labors, 
In Heaven blest. 
Rest spirit, rest." 

Walter Leman, the life-long friend of Porter, the 
aged and favorite actor who for more than a half 
century had listened to the plaudits of thousands 
upon the mimic stage, then stepped to the side of 
the silent sleeper to pay his tribute of love and 
affection. Placing his hand upon the casket, as if 
he could not part with his beloved friend, with voice 
trembling with grief, he pronounced one of the finest 



CALIFORNIA ODD FELLOWSHIP. 93 

eulogies I have ever read, and I regret that space 
will not permit its publication. 

He was the last speaker. The choir then sang 
"Thy will be done," and later the funeral cortege 
of 1,200 Odd Fellows took up their march for the 
grave, Encinal Ix)dge, Porter's own, acting as an 
escort to the beloved. On arrival at Taylor street 
they boarded some twenty-eight cars in waiting. 
As they reached the cemetery they again formed in 
line and marched to the receiving vault, where the 
services of the Order were read by Past Grand 
Master Fox and J. F. Brown, Encampment High 
Priest. As the band played a requiem march the 
brethren placed their evergreens upon the casket, 
realizing how truthfully Walter Leman spoke when 
he said of the brother — 

"Thy mortal life well spent, 
All earthly duties done. 
Went out in tranquil glory. 
Like the setting Summer sun." 

The memory of Porter was not forgotten, and 

today a handsome monument marks his rest The 

memorial, a contribution from the lodges, was 
erected, 1884, at a cost of |1107.00. 

(a) The first Past Grand's collar made by Johnson is still 
doing good service, and it was worn by J. H. Reynolds when, 
in May, 1902, the Apollo Lodge team visited Napa. 

(b) The question of salaries is always a live question in 
Grand Lodge proceedings, and in 1853 they appropriated 
$500.00 to Johnson "as a compensation to the Grand Secre- 



94 CALIFORNIA ODD FELLOWSHIP. 

tary." The Lodge in 1856 raised the amount to $1,000.00, and 
increased it to $1,500.00 in 1857, the Finance Committee that 
year reporting that room rent, clerk hire and other expenses 
required one-half of the Secretary's wages. From 1857 the 
salary bounded upward in $500.00 leaps until, in 1868, it had 
reached the $3,000.00 figure. When Walter B. Lyon was 
elected Secretary the amount was lowered. It w^as again 
raised to the old figure in 1877, because of the increased work 
of the Secretary in attending with the Grand Master the 
special sessions throughout the State. 

(c) A good story is told of O'Brien, a charter member and 
a noble worker of San Pablo Lodge, No. — . When that lodge 
was instituted the brothers could not agree upon a name, and 
O'Brien persisted in naming it Mt. Diablo, but when he learned 
that "Diablo" was the Spanish word for devil, "a devil a bit 
would he have that name." 

(d) The votes that saved the day for Johnson came from 
three Past Grands of Pacheco Lodge, No. 117 — W, J. Hen- 
dricks, H. A. Rowley and A. Thurber. Joseph Winterburn, 
meeting Geo. P. Loucks of that lodge, said to him: "Loucks, 
they are going to try to beat Johnson this time for Grand 
Secretary." "Are they?" replied Loucks. "Well, I will tell 
you what I will do; I will get three Past Grands to come down 
and help out." 

(e) "On one occasion," says Winterburn, "we attended a 
Saturday night lodge meeting in a small place. Sunday we 
had to wait quite late for the boat, and while strolling around 
the town we passed a church where services were sometimes 
held. W^hile passing, a brother banteringly said to Porter: 
'Porter, preach us a sermon.' 'All right,' he replied. The bell 
was rung, an audience gathered, and Porter, taking as his text, 
'Be ye faithful unto death,' preached as eloquent a sermon as 
I ever listened to." 

(f) Templar Lodge, very much enthused over the project, 
purposed sending a large delegation to Philadelphia. In com- 
memoration of the event they had solid silver badges manu- 
factured, in shape like a maltese cross, and fastened to the 
coat by a solid gold three-linked pin. 

(g) The banner, the same that today leads all Grand 
Lodge parades, v/as designed and painted by Nahl, the famous 
California artist, and up to that time it was the most costly 
banner ever manufactured in California. 



CHAPTER VI. 

The Grand Master a beacon light — Given time and money — 
Heavy early day expenses — Severe traveling experiences — 
Many lodges not visited — Harmon's visitation plan — Simpson 
makes a special study of the question — State divided into dis- 
tricts — Brueck's improved plan adopted — Past Grand Masters 
cannot vote— rVictory at last — Efforts to disfranchise Past 
Grands — ^"Bobby" Burns determined to win out — Election of 
Grand OflBcers in subordinate lodges. 

The Grand Master is the beacon ^ light of the 
Order, toward whom all eyes are turned, and to him 
the lodges look for guidance, encouragement and 
assistance in all matters pertaining to lodge Avork. 
The Grand Master is not only the beacon light, but 
he is the hardest unpaid worker in the vineyard of 
Odd Fellowship. He should be paid for his services, 
but the question of salary has never been considered 
in the Grand Lodge but once, 1903, and then the 
resolution was quickly killed. Nor has the question 
been broached by any Grand Master save E. J. 
Smith, 1883, he declaring in his report that Grand 
Lodge work requires several months of the Grand 
Master's time, if he faithfully performs his whole 
duty in visiting lodges, and "the Grand Lodge ought 
therefore to make some provision for his salary, 
* * * or else it ought not to expect and require 
him to perform the duty." 

The Grand Masters as a rule have not only per- 
formed their duty chc^^rfully and faithfully,as far ad 



96 CALIFORNIA ODD FELLOWSHIP. 

they were able so to do, but in some cases they have 
not only given their talent and time, but they have 
given money from their pockets to pay expenses. 
Grand Master Fox, 1867, gave several months of his 
time in Grand Lodge work, and expending |250 in 
excess of the annual appropriation (a), refused to 
accept the amount voted bim by the Lodge. Lloyd, 
when Grand Master, 1888, refused to accept a single 
dollar of the appropriation, '^and he expended from 
his private means a large sum in traveling and 
otherwise acting oflflcially." In contrast, his suc- 
cessor, C. W. Jenkins, ten years later, called upon 
the Grand Lodge for the balance of the appropria- 
tion due him, he from some cause receiving only 

1700. 1 ; i , i J V 

Some of the Grand Masters of early days were 
unable to bear even a part of the heavy expense, so 
high-priced was steamboat, hotel, and stage fare 
and horse hire, and said Grand Master Hueston, 
1856: "I intended visiting all the lodges, but the 
appropriation being withheld, it compels me to 
cease visiting, as I cannot, in justice to myself, 
expend so large a sum in traveling throughout the 
State. John L. Van Bokkelen, 1859, although given 
an appropriation of $500, reported "it was not in 
my power to visit all of the lodges, as it would have 
required more time than I had at my command and 
a large expenditure.'- Grand Master Bohen's visit- 



CALIFORNIA ODD FELLOWSHIP. 97 

ing record, 1863, unsurpassed until 1871, 109 lodges 
out of 112, said: "Had. I been called upon to paiy 
the ordinary charges, |1,000 would not have been 
more than sufficient to pay the expenses. But such 
was not the case, for I was kindly received every- 
where, and in many places I was not allowed to 
spend a single cent." 

Some of the Grand Masters had pretty severe 
hardships. McClelland came near losing his life in 
crossing horseback a swollen mountain stream. 
And D. M. Welty, 1876, declared "had the perils 
and hardships been presented to me before starting, 
doubtless the birth of the new^ sister lodge — Garcia, 
^o. 240 — would still be in the future. Leaving 
Santa Kosa by stage, we were soon plodding along 
through mud and water, behind a Avretched team of 
fagged-out, jaded old plugs. Raining? Yes, it was 
pouring down, and the second day Ave arrived for 
the night at Stiewart^s, cold, wet, hungry, mad. The 
third day Avas the same dismal weather," his jour- 
ney ending at Point Arena, with a twenty-six mile 
horseback ride. 

Now the traveling facilities throughout the State 
are wonderfully improved. Grand Master Linscott 
reports riding in carriages in mountain districts, 
and Grand Master Nichols, 1902, in visiting 175 
lodges, traveled 15,500 miles by rail, 1,000 by 
steamer and 840 miles by team. 



98 CALIFORNIA ODD FELLOWSHIP. 

Nichols' visits were made under the district plan 
now in force, but before that plan was inaugurated 
the Grand Masters visited as they saw fit. This led 
a correspondent to inquire: "Are the official visits 
of the Grand Masters left to their own will or pleas- 
ure, or are they expected to visit all the lodges 
within their jurisdiction?" That they did not visit 
all the lodges was evident, for Grand Master 
Kandall, 1878, in visiting out of the beaten track, 
found that one or two lodges had never seen a 
Grand Master, while others had been neglected 
from tw^o to fifteen years ( b ) . 

To overcome this difficulty, if possible, as far 
back as 1869, Grand Master Harmon attempted to 
remedy the evil by himself inaugurating the district 
plan of visiting. He hoped that succeeding Grand 
Masters would follow his plan. They failed to do 
so, and no further effort Avas made to improve the 
system until 1882, at which time the Grand Lodge 
adopted Grand Master Freer' s recommendation — 

"That the State be divided into "three dis- 
tricts, and the Grand Masters alternate in 
their visits officially in their respective 
districts." 

The law was neither obeyed or enforced, and visit- 
ations were made in the same old haphazard man- 
ner until 1894. Then Grand Master Simpson made 
a special study of the visitation question, and found 



CALIFORNIA ODD FELLOWSHIP. 99 

that twenty-seven lodges had not seen a Grand Mas- 
ter since 1890; no Grand Master had entered the 
doors of nineteen other lodges since 1886, and since 
1885 no Grand Master had crossed the portals of 
eight more lodges. 

"This should not be," said Grand Master 
Harmon, "for these visits are essential to 
the prosperitj'^ of the Order; and the pres- 
ence of the Grand Master, if his heart be 
in the cause, reassures the latent energies 
of the brothers, inspires them with fresh 
zeal and tends to promote uniformity in 
the work." 

Simpson's report created an awakening interest 
in lodge visitations, and the Grand Lodge, dividing 
the State into four districts, required each Grand 
Master to visit the lodges alternately in each dis- 
trict. The plan of division agreed upon was faulty 
in many respects, and to remedy the difficulty Karl 
C. Brueck, Grand Master in 1899, recommended an 
improved plan. His plan was approved, and so 
authorized, he appointed a new district committee 
— Past Grand Masters Gosbey, Thompson, Stock- 
well, Drew and Warboys, representatives who 
had had experience in visiting lodges, and therefore 
well understood the subject They presented an 
entirely new plan, and the Grand Lodge approving 
of their report, the division as they proposed it is 
in force to-day, barring a few slight changes. 



100 CALIFORNIA ODD FELLOWSHIP. 

The position of Grand Master is a position of 
honor only, and he who accepts the office must labor 

^Tor the cause that needs assistance, 
For the wrongs that need resistance, 
For the justice in the distance. 
And the good that we may do." 

But there is a slight compensation that he may 
receive, and justly now does receive full standing 
by voice and vote in all of the work of the Grand 
Lodge. This honor was long delayed, and the first 
representative to advance the Past Grand Masters' 
cause was Henry Hoeber, formerly a member of 
Woodbridge Lodge, No. 97. It was in 1871, and 
Hoeber offered an amendment to the constitution — 

"That Past Grand Masters shall be ad- 
mitted to seats in this Grand Lodge, with 
the power of debating and making motions, 
but shall not have the right to vote, unless 
they be representatives." 

The committee to whom the subject was referred 
brought in two reports, the Lodge adopting the 
minority report, "that the proposed amendment 
should not be made." 

The Constitutional Committee, handing in their 
report in 1883, declared : 

"The Past Grand Masters represent the ex- 
perience and wisdom acquired by long ser- 
vice, and this committee propose that they 
shall be made members of this Grand 



CALIFORNIA ODD FELLOWSHIP. 



101 




ODD FELLOWS CERTIFICATE: OF FIFTY YEARS AGO. 
This certificate was brought to California in 1849 by Alden 
Spooner. He joined Charity, No. G; later a charter member of 
Stockton, No. 11, and since 1868 a member of Yerba Buena, 
No. 15. 



102 CALIFORNIA ODD FELLOWSHIP. 

Lodge, by the adoption of the following 
amendment to Article XI, Sec. 2: ^The 
business of this Grand Lodge shall be 
transacted by the elective officers. Past 
Grand Masters and representatives'." 

The representatives were unprepared for such a 
sweeping innovation. The Past Grand Masters, 
themselves, were not a unit upon the subject, and 
when the amendment came up for action Past 
Grand Master EandalPs motion was adopted, 
"that the words Tast Grand Masters' be stricken 
out." 

This matter was not again revived until 1901, at 
which time twelve representatives offered an amend- 
ment — 

"That Past Grand Masters be admitted, 
with all the rights and privileges of rep- 
resentatives." 

The Lodge took no action on the committee's re- 
port, and in the following year eight representatives 
offered the Hoeber amendment of 1871. The Com- 
mittee on Legislation — Taber, Phelps and Parkin- 
son — to whom the amendment was referred, said 
in their report: 

"We are heartily in accord with the objects 
to be accomplished, but we believe that 
Past Grand Masters should be entitled to 
participate to the fullest extend in the pro- 
ceedings of this Grand Lodge. Therefore, 



CALIFORNIA ODD FELLOWSHIP. 103 

be it resolved, that the business of this 
Grand Lodge be transacted by the elective 
officei's, ♦ * ♦ Past Grand Masters 
* * * and representatives elect here- 
after in the manner prescribed." 

It will be noticed that this amendment of the 
committee was in effect the same amendment as 
that proposed by the Constitutional Committee of 
1883, and the question having been pretty 
thoroughly discussed in the meantime, was accepted 
and adopted by the Grand Lodge without a dissent- 
ing vote. 

Shall the Past Grands vote? For over thirty 
years, at different sessions, this question has been 
under discussion, although the Grand Lodge of the 
United States as early as 1867 declared — 

"The right of a Past Grand, in good stand- 
ing, to vote for Grand officers, is an inher- 
ent right, of which he cannot be deprived." 

Although this decision has never been reversed, 
Grand Representatives have from time to time en- 
deavored to have this decision repealed, its oppon- 
ents declaring that it is unjust to those Past Grands 
living far distant from the seat of the Grand Lodge, 
and gives those nearby a chance to nullify the will 
of the majority. 

In the first Grand Ix>dge session, a resolution was 
adopted — 



104 CALIFORNIA ODD FELLOWSHIP. 

''That all the Past Grands from El Dorado 
and Auburn Lodges are hereby admitted 
as members and entitled to the same priv- 
ileges as are Past Grands from those 
lodges in our charter." 

The full meaning and intent of the resolution is 
foggy, but they voted for all Grand officers, at least 
until 186G. Then Representative A. A. Sargent 
offered a resolution, which the Lodge adopted — 

"That our Sovereign Grand Representa- 
tives be instructed to urge in that body 
legislation providing the power to vote for 
Grand officers be confined to Grand Lodge 
representatives. " 

The S. G. L. refused to take action, and when the 
California representatives in 1867 presented the 
same resolution, the Supreme Lodge gave the de- 
cision quoted on the previous page. 

From the readings we would say that the S. G. L. 
decision was null and void in the Grand Lodge, for 
in 1868 that body adopted a rule — 

"That Past Grands not representatives have 
no right to vote on any question before this 
Grand Lodge.'' 

Then Past Grand Master Morse offered a resolu- 
tion, which Avas adopted, that Past Grands be per- 
mitted to vote for Grand officers. 

There the matter rested until 1876. Then Repre- 
sentative Deming, of No. 85, presented a resolution 



CALIFORNIA ODD FELLOWSHIP. 105 

intended to disfranchise the Past Grands, which the 
Lodge indefinitely postponed. 

Two years later Representative Dorrance, of 
No. 6, tried a new plan of cutting out the Past 
Grands, by his resolution — 

"That all Past Grands not representatives 
must enroll their name and the number of 
their lodge in a book furnished by the 
Grand Secretary. Resolved, That no Past 
Grand shall be entitled to vote * * * 
unless his name is so enrolled." 

This resolution, if passed, Avould have prevented 
any large number of Past Grands from the city 
quickly assembling and immediately voting for any 
favorite, but the Lodge killed the intent of the 
resolution by adopting the first and rejecting the 
second resolution. 

Representative Robert Burns, the grand old 
Scotchman, was determined to shut out the Past 
Grands, and making a great fight he finally ap- 
pealed from the Sovereign Grand Lodge. Old 
Father Burns did not like the Constitutional Com- 
mittee plan of continuing in force the section "that 
Past Grands should liave the privilege of voting for 
Grand ofl&cers," so he introduccnl a resolution, wliich 
was indefinitely postponed — 

"That none but representatives elect shall 
be allowed to vote in this Grand Lodge," 



106 CALIFORNIA ODD FELLOWSHIP. 

Two years later, 1885, he offered the same resolu- 
tion that our representatives urge the S. G. L. to 
make the change, and the Grand Lodge adopted the 
resolution. But when the resolution was presented 
in the Sovereign body they declared ^^that no change 
in the existing law shall be made." 

Burns, still persistent, in 1892 again presented 
his disfranchising resolution, but the committee to 
whom it was referred — Sam B. Smith, H. T. Dor- 
rance, M. T. Moses and Samuel Pollack — 

"Believed it inexpedient that such a resolu- 
tion be adopted." 

The Grand Lodge bealeved it was expedient, and 
they adopted Kepresentative Louderback's substi- 
tute, instructing our Sovereign Grand Lodge repre- 
sentatives to have 

"the law changed so as to authorize the 
Grand Lodge to limit the right to vote for 
Grand officers therein to duly elected rep- 
resentatives." 

The Sovereign Lodge refused to take any adverse 
action. The last shot fired at the Past Grands was 
in 1894. Then Representative Warboys of Santa 
Kosa offered his resolution that 

"None but representatives from the subordi- 
nate lodges should be entitled to vote." 

No action was taken, the resolution being pre- 
sented on the last day of the session. 



CALIFORNIA ODD FELLOWSHIP. 107 

Efforts have been made at different sessions to 
change the voting place of Grand officers from the 
Grand Lodge to the subordinate lodges, but with no 
encouraging assurance of success. Grand Warden 
John B. Hill's resolution in 1870, and J. L. Tit- 
comb's resolution in 1875 were indefinitely post- 




WM. C. RALSTON. 
One of the leading members of Templar, No. 17, was 
Brother Ralston. His wrong deeds were few, his great and 
good deeds many. No true case of distress ever left his 
presence empty handed; his benevolence was unbounded. He 
was a free spender, and in 1869 alone he paid out over $20,000 
in entertaining the Sovereign Grand Lodge. 

poned. Kern Lodge, No. 202, took up the subject 
in 1881, and in their resolution they declared : 

"We are in favor of a system of electing the 
Grand officers by all the Past Grands in 
the jurisdiction, such election to be holden 
in the subordinate lodges, for, by the pres- 



108 CALIFORNIA ODD FELLOWSHIP. 

ent system * * * undue advantage 
is given to the subordinate lodges in the 
location in which the Grand Lodge is 
holden." 

The subject was referred to a committee consist- 
ing of Geo. W. Lewis, Frank G. Beatty and F. H. 
Payne, and they, scoring many points in favor of 
the present system of voting, the Lodge accepted 
their report that no change be made. 

The matter would not die, and in 1895 it was 
again introduced by W. W. Phelps of Los Angeles 
county, our present Grand Master. His resolution 
was indefinitely postponed, but in the following 
year he introduced the same resolution, which was, 
briefly stated — 

"That at the first regular meeting in Decem- 
ber of each year the Past Grands of each 
lodge * * * shall, in open lodge, pro- 
ceed to vote by ballot for Grand officers, 
the returns to be sent to the Grand Secre- 
tary within sixty days." 

The committee to whom this matter was referred 
— -Karl 0. Brueck, of No. 11; Charles A. Swisler, 
No. 20; W. W. Phelps, No. 282; Morris M. Estee, 
No. 123, and C. W. Baker, No. 2, recommended the 
adoption of the amendment, but again as in 1895 
the Lodge adopted the motion of Kepresentative 
Louderback, that the amendment be indefinitely 
postponed. The amendment to elect Grand officers 



CALIFORNIA ODD FELLOWSHIP. 109 

in the lodges was not again presented by south of 
Tehachapi representatives. The following year 
W, A. Bonynge of Los Angeles was elected as Grand 
Warden, and in 1899 Southern California Avelcomed 
the second Grand Master from the Southland. 

(a) For the Grand Master's traveling expenses, annual 
appropriations have been voted by the Grand Lodge since 
1855, E. W. Colt, Grand Master, receiving $200 that year. In 
1859 the appropriation v/as raised to $500, and Grand Master 
Hill, 1871, was the first to receive $1,000. The Grand Lodge 
in 1896, adopting Grand Master P. F. Gosbey's recommenda- 
tion voted an appropriation of $1,500, the amount that is at 
present paid. 

(b) The neglect of duty of many of the Grand Masters, 
from various causes, was clearly in evidence, and Grand Mas- 
ter Randall, visiting Mt. Horeb Lodge, No. 58, learned that 
they had not seen a Grand Master for sixteen years, Bohen 
making the last previous visit. Stanislaus, No. 170, had not 
received a visit since 18G9 and Millerton Lodge, Fresno, 
although instituted for six years, had never seen a Grand 
officer. One little lodge in the far north, Marion, No. 101, 
Siskiyou county, although instituted May 28th, 1861, received 
no official visit until visited by Grand Master Smith in 1884. 
It is not surprising, therefore, that Smith, declining to adopt 
the district plan, declared: "My sense of justice impelled me 
to seek put the weak and neglected lodges." 

Not only the far distant lodges, but many near by, small in 
membership, were left to shift for themselves. Randall found 
that the Humboldt county' lodges, over GOO members, only 
twenty-three hours by steamer from San Francisco, had seen no 
Grand Master since Bradford's term, 1872; and Ocean View 
Lodge, No. 143, but thirty-three miles from San Francisco, 
instituted in 1867, received from Grand Master Randall, 1878, 
their first oflicial visit. 



CHAPTER VIL 

The Order in foreign lands— The Silver State lodges— Wel- 
come to the oldest lodge — Excelsior Lodge, No. 1 — Never 
visited by the Grand Master — Australia seeks admission — 
A. D. Meacham there establishes the Order — "This was sin- 
gular legislation" — Grand Sire Farnsworth visits California — 
The effect of his speech, $1,200 — The Grand Sire must accom- 
plish the work — Much labor in a short time — Farnsworth sails 
for Germany — Foiled because of war — Communicating with 
Morse — Brother Berheim's good work — Morse interviews 
Bismarck — Instituting of a lodge in Stuttgart — German lodges 
send $1,275 — New York's reception to Morse— P. G. P. R. 
regalia presented Morse — Home again to die — Death and 
burial. 

To those brothers not well learned regarding Cal- 
ifornia history, it may seem strange that this work 
should treat of the Order not only in neighboring 
territories, but in far distant lands. But as Grand 
Master Fox says : '^California has contributed not a 
little towards the diffusion of our Order into new 
fields. Odd Fellowship in Nevada is the legitimate 
child of California. The Grand Lodge of Australia 
may be accredited to us. Missionaries from our 
lodges have planted the good seed of our Order in 
Idaho and Montana, and a member of our Grand 
Lodge * * * erected the first altar to Odd 
Fellowship in Arizona." 

When the great mines of the so-called Silver State 
were discovered, hundreds of California Odd Fel- 
lows immigrated to that region, and soon they 
erected the three-linked shrine in every principal 



CALIFORNIA ODD FELLOWSHIP. Ill 

mining camp. Without any legal authority they 
established their lodges, and anxious, as soon as 
possible to be in fellowship with the parent body, 
they requested A. D. Meacham, California's S. G. 
representative that year, to petition the Sovereign 
Grand Lodge to place Nevada within the California 
jurisdiction. He complied with their demand, and 
the S. G. L. so placed them. In the following year, 
1861, Grand Master Kibbe, so authorized by the 
Higher power, commissioned Levi Hite, then Grand 
Warden, to proceed to Nevada and institute lodges 
in Gold Hill, Virginia City, Carson and Silver City. 
Early in tlie spring the Warden traveled hither and 
instituted the lodges. Their fast increasing mem- 
bership led to the formation of lodges in other 
camps, and four years later, with ten subordinate 
lodges, aggregating a membership of 587 members, 
nearly all former California Odd Fellows, they 
petitioned the Supreme body for a Grand Lodge 
charter. It was granted, and withdraAving from 
California's protecting care, Januai*y 3rd, 1867, 
they instituted a Grand Lodge, the third on the 
Pacific Coast 

Two years previous to the admission of Nevada, 
California's jurisdiction had been greatly broad- 
ened by the admission of the lodge of the beautiful 
Sandwidi islands, Excelsior, No. 1, the oldest lodge 
west of the Rocky mountains. They petitioned the 



112 CALIFORNIA ODD FELLOWSHIP. 

Great Councilors to place them in the California 
field, they up to this time having reported to the 
S. G. L. direct. It was so ordered, and Grand Mas- 
ter McClelland welcoming them to California, 1865, 
said in his report : 

^'We welcome our brethren of the Isles of 
the sea, * * * and we look upon this 
event as a* happy illustration of the spirit 
of our Order, as prophetic of the accom- 
plishment of its mission to bind the world 
together in the bonds of Friendship, Love 
and Truth." 
The island lodge Avas instituted at Honolulu De- 
cember 10th, 1846, by Gilbert, Watson, an Ohio 
physician. When the emigration began flowing 
towards Oregon, Watson concluded to locate there 
and institute an Odd Fellows lodge. For this pur- 
pose he obtained from Albert Guild, Deputy Grand 
Sire of Massachusetts, a dispensation, but on ar- 
rival at Honolulu he concluded to there remain. 
He instituted a lodge in December, one of the char- 
ter members being a sea captain who had just ar- 
rived in port. Alexander V. Frazer carried them a 
charter issued by the S. G. L. In 1859 the corner 
stone of their first building was laid, and in Octo- 
ber, 1903, they dedicated a splendid |50,000 temple. 
Our new brethren were far distant, 2000 miles of 
water rolled between, hence it was impossible, ex- 
cept by proxy, for any Grand Master to oflflcially 



CALIFORNIA ODD FELLOWSHIP. 113 

visit them. During the eight years that they were 
in this jurisdiction, twice only did they receive 
proxy Grand Master visits. Brother Wm. H. Fox, 
an honored nieiuber of lone. No. 51, visiting the 
islands in 1866, represented Grand Master Ran- 
dolph, and Past Grand Master Martin White of 
Nevada, in 1873, acted as Grand Master Bradford's 
proxy. This visit was an official blunder, as the 
Grand Secretary, although notified, had failed for 
some reason to inform the Grand Master that the 
Honolulu lodge had, the previous year, returned to 
the jurisdiction of the Sovereign Grand Lodge. 

Only once in tlie history of our Order have we had 
people from other lands knock at our door for 
admission. Such was the case, however, in 1858, 
and in May of that year Secretary Johnson, in open- 
ing his correspondence, was surprised and delighted 
to receive a letter from the Grand Secretary Of the 
Manchester Unity (Odd Fellows) of Australia, 
asking if it would be i>ossible for them to affiliate 
with American Odd Fellowship, a bill of exchange 
for 20 pounds accompanying the communication. 
As Johnson had no authority to answer the letter, 
he sent it to the S. G. L., and it was favorably re- 
ceived. 

They took no action, however, except to authorize 
Grand Secretary Ridgely to fill out a blank com- 
mission for a Deputy Grand Sire for Australia, 



114 CALIFORNIA ODD FELLOWSHIP. 

said blank being sent to T. Rodgers Johnson 
authorizing him to fill in the name of any well 
qualified brother willing to take the long journey 
and carry out the work. 

Time passed, and the commission lay in the Sec- 
retary's office until ^'it had become musty with age." 
In the meantime Brother A. D. Meacham, a P. G. 
and P. G. P. of San Francisco, sick with dyspepsia, 
was advised by his physician to try a sea voyage to 
Australia. The opportunity was now at hand for 
the founding of the Order in the far distant conti- 
ricnt, and Meacham was Avilling to undertake the 
work. ^^But," said Grand Master Fox, ''Brother 
Johnson hesitated about the right to issue the com- 
mission, and consulted me, as Grand Master of the 
State, and after a full consultation we determined 
to assume the full responsibility and the commis- 
sion was issued." 

To provide funds. Bay City and Yerba Buena 
Lodges each appropriated |375 from their treasury, 
afterwards repaid, and September 10th, 1867, 
D. G. Sire Meacham sailed on his splendid mission 
for humanity. After a hard fifty-eight days' voyage, 
sick most of the time, he landed at Melbourne, and 
sent his letter of introduction to Wm. Stirling, 
Grand Master. The D. G. Sire was very warmly 
welcomed. Meetings were held and lodges were 
instituted, but the work was exceedingly difficulty 



CALIFORNIA ODD FELLOWSHIP. 115 

as he had to contend against the Manchester Unity 
and the age limit, all of the English orders admit- 
ting initiates at the age of 18 (a). The representa- 
tives of the several lodges were then assembled, and 
February 22d, 1867, at Gelong, an Australian 
Grand Lodge was organized. In the following year, 
1867, the D. G. Sire established the Order in New 
Zealand, and arrived in San Francisco in time to 
take part in the Sovereign Grand Lodge assembly, 
1869, then about to convene in San Francisco. 

That was a memorable session, for they adopted 
a resolution authorizing Grand Sire Farnsworth to 
found our Order in Germany, "provided it could be 
established w ithout expense to the Sovereign Grand 
Lodge." "This was," as Herman Block declared, 
"singular legislation; a measure is approved, 
ordered carried out, but it is not to cost anything." 
The resolution was the result of a request from the 
Oregon Grand Lodge, therein introduced by F. S. 
Ostheim of Minerva, No. 19, that the S. G. L. permit 
the founding of the Order in the German Empire. 
Its accomplishment was brought about in a singular 
manner. 

Grand Sire E. D. Farnsworth, an earnest, strong 
worker for Odd Fellowship, always enthused the 
brothers by his presence and speeches, and return- 
ing to California in 1870, he accepted many invita- 
tions to visit lodges. Visiting Germania No. 116 on 



116 CALIFORNIA ODD FELLOWSHIP. 

the evening of April 6th, it was proposed to march 
in a body, accompanied by the Past Grand Sire, to 
I'emplar, No. 17, and give them a surprise. The 
visit was of a nature most pleasing, and as a result 
Grand Lodges were instituted in Germany and 
SAvitzerland. 

The speech of Farnsworth was the kindling 
brand. During his remarks he called attention to 
the resolutions of the Supreme body, and their 
economical proviso, and declared that although he 
was very anxious to carry out the mission, he was 
powerless in the matter, as the S. G. L. had no funds 
for that purpose. Templar Lodge (b), then the 
Avealthiest lodge in the State, was deeply interested, 
and Brother L. E. Pratt began making inquiries as 
to the expense of such a mission. Farnsworth gave 
them figures and the result was, the lodge by a 
unanimous vote appropriated |1,200 to be expended 
in establishing our Order on Teutonic soil. 

As California had made this splendid mission 
f)Ossible, Farnsworth returning East expected to 
honor the State by commissioning John A. Morse, 
then in Germany seeking health, to perform the 
work. In fact, he informed Porter that he would 
give Morse the commission, and as it later proved, 
had he done so. Templar's |1,200 would have gone 
directly towards its intended purpose and much 
bitter feeling would have been avoided. But Farns- 



CALIFORNIA ODD FELLOWSHIP. 



117 



worth's Eastern brothers finally convinced him that 
none but the Grand Sire himself should undertake 
such an important mission, and so he began prepar- 
ing for the work. 

There was much to accomplish in a short period 
of time. Letters of introduction to obtain to our 
Minister in Berlin, George Bancroft, so ignorant 




ODD FELLOW'S HOSPITAL (SUTTER'S FORT). 
The Sacramento Odd Fellow's and Mason's Relief Asso- 
ciation purchasing this fort in 1849, at a cost of $15,000, 
fitted it up for use as a hospital. There all sick brothers 
were cared for free of cost until they recovered, the phy- 
sicians. Dr. John F. Morse and Dr. J. B. Stillman, freely 
giving their services. Hundreds died, said Brother Winn, and 
so far as possible, their names and addresses were recorded 
and their death announced to their Eastern Lodges. 

of his native country, although he wrote its history, 
that he had no knowledge of such an Order as Odd 
Fellowship; and to Bismark, tlie Iron Chancellor, 
for without his consent the Order could not be 
founded. He could only be approached through the 
German Ambassador, Baron Gerolt, and to Wash- 



118 CALIFORNIA ODD FELLOWSHIP. 

ington Farnsworth hastened to see him. The Grand 
Sire had requested Frank Austin of the New Age to 
accompany him to Germany, much to the latter's 
surprise, and resigning from his editorial position, 
he hurried East and accompanied Farnsworth in 
his visit to the Ambassador. They were introduced 
by Schuler Colfax, P. S. G. R., and the two Odd 
Fellows explained fully to the German the objects, 
purposes and work of the Order. The Baron, after 
studying the subject for a time, gave Farnsworth a 
letter of introduction to Bismark, and later he 
Vv rote to ex- Vice President Colfax : 

"I have reported to my Government in favor 
of establishing this new tie of the friendly 
relations now existing between the people 
of the United States and Germany." 

The Grano Sire, now returned to New York, and 
July 8th, 1870, on the Germanic steamer Main, 
accompanied by Frank Austin, he sailed for Ger- 
many. In vessels and tugs they were accompanied 
as far as the Narrows by hundreds of Odd Fellows, 
and ^^gluck auf (good luck) was their parting 
salute ; but ill luck awaited them. 

On arrival in English waters they learned that 
war had been declared between France and Ger- 
many; in fact, a French man-of-war was then in 
search of the German steamer, and it was impossi- 
ble for the Grand Sire to proceed on his journey. 



CALIFORNIA ODD FELLOWSHIP. 119 

Farnsworth was in a dilemma. What was he to 
do, what course pursue? Having gone so far on a 
mission so important, he had no desire to turn back ; 
and yet, war was so uncertain none could tell when 
the lines would be open. He could not long remain 
in England, as he must be present at the September 
session of the Sovereign Grand Lodge. Frank 
Austin could not accomplish the work, as he was not 
an encampment member; and so, as a last resort, 
Farnsworth must, if possible, communicate with 
John F. Morse. 

Morse was then in Dresden, some four hours' ride 
from Berlin. Farnsworth did not know this, how- 
ever, and so he began telegraphing, probably ex- 
pending the whole of Templar's |1,200 in tele- 
graphic and other communication expenses. Grand 
Sire Stuart, in 1872, so reported. 

After several days' telegraphing Morse was 
located, and then a lengthy correspondence was car- 
ried on between the two brothers, all of which let- 
ters are in the New Age of that year. At first Morse 
refused to accept the commission, and July 30th 
he gives his reasons, he saying in part : 

"I can scarcely tell you how much I would 
like to see you and consult with you upon 
this subject. But tlien, a number of my 
accjuaintances who have started for Eng- 
land have been so interrupted and delayed 



120 CALIFORNIA ODD FELLOWSHIP. 

that I do not feel satisfied at this time that 
it would be right to leave my wife and four 
children alone, no one €an tell how long. 
I am residing in Dresden, and it is thought 
the line will be open for travel in a few 
days. But there is such a stream of sol- 
diers going to the front it may not be open 
for a month." 

Evidently the road was soon opened, for a few 
days later Farnsworth was surprised and gratified 
to receive from Morse the following telegram : 
"Will start Monday for London. Morse." 

He safely reached the English Capital, and after 
a long talk Grand Sire Farnsworth, August 13th, 
commissioned John F. Morse as Deputy Grand Sire, 
he to establish the Order in Germany and Switzer- 
land. 

Some two months previous to this time, Nathan 
Porter, a very warm brother to Morse, wrote him 
of the intention of Farnsworth to commission him 
(Morse) to carry on the German work, and he told 
him in Stuttgart he would find Brother M. Berheim, 
"and the brother was a noble worker." Morse 
immediately returned to 'Germany, determined, if 
possible, to carry out the important trust given him, 
although scarcely able to perform it because of ill 
health, and he at once w^rote to Brother Berheim, 
giving him full particulars, and requesting his 
assistance in instituting a lodge in Stuttgart. 



CALIFORNIA ODD FELLOWSHIP. 121 

In a few weeks, September 12th, Morse heard 
from the brother. He had advertised in the German 
press, calling for a meeting of Odd Fellows, and 
four German brothers, members of the Order in the 
United States, answered the call. He then obtaine<l 
the names of four Germans willing to join the lodge, 
and Morse learning of Brother Berheim's success, 
hastened to Stuttgart. 

In the meantime the Deputy saw Bancroft, our 
Minister to German}^, and obtained from him a let- 
ter of introduction to Bismark. He also presented 
Baron Gerolt's letter, and letters also from many 
American statesmen, including Carl Schurz; but 
to obtain the Chancellor's consent to the introduc- 
tion of Odd Fellowship into the German Empire 
was a very difficult task. The beneficial features of 
the Order had no weight whatever with Bismark, 
for, said Herman Block, the Government, by law, 
provides for the poor. 

Morse finally succeeded in his object, and return- 
ing to Stuttgart, several preliminary meetings were 
held in Morse's room in the hotel. The charter 
members were instructed in the work, and Decem- 
ber 12th, 1870, Morse penned the following lines 
to Nathan Porter: 



"Last night, with the assistance of Brother 
Frank Austin, wliom I got from London, I 
instituted Wurtenburg Lodge, No. 1, 



122 CALIFORNIA ODD FELLOWSHIP. 

I. O. O. F., with Moses Berheim as sitting 
Past Grand, and J. Myers, a charter mem- 
ber. I cannot tell you how. much we owe to 
M. Berheim. Gave the lodge their new 
regalia, and a gavel to the Vice-Grand 
from the trees of California. I presented 
a complete set of books and stationery, 
with a similar gavel, to the Noble Grand." 

The founding of the Order in a foreign land cost 
considerable money, as the natives at first, having 
no interest and not understanding its principles, 
would not contribute a dollar. There is no record of 
Morse's having received any money from Farns- 
worth, and as the expenses were heavy he expended 
over |1,000 from his own pocket in paying them. 
In 1872 the S. G. L. voted him a warrant for the full 
amount, but he refused to draw the money. His 
expenses were so heavy he called upon Grand Sire 
Stuart for funds. The Grand Sire called upon the 
States and a few responded, Aurora Lodge of Ten- 
nessee, Farnsworth's own State, making the first 
response, |100. March 9th Morse said: "With 
trembling hands I opened a letter from old Har- 
mony," and he found therein a draft for |900 from 
Harmony, Germania and Herman Lodges, followed 
later by |275 from Bay City, Allemania, Franklin 
and Wildey Encampments, a grand total of |1,175. 
Instituting a second lodge in Germany, Morse 



CALIFORNIA ODD FELLOWSHIP. 123 

then visited Zurich, Switzerland, and the Govern- 
ment gave him a cordial welcome. 

Helvetia Lodge, No. 1, he instituted June 19th, 
1871, but his system at this time was fast breaking 
down under the severe strain ; in fact, he came near 
dying of exhaustion while in Zurich, and hurrying 
back to his native land, he arrived in New York 
August 19th, 1872. 

On arrival he was welcomed by a score of broth- 
ers, and to him they gave, August 20th, "a magnifi- 
cent reception to our worthy chief," as the Heart 
and Hand expressed it. The reception was given in 
the New York Academy of Music, which was 
crowded to overflowing with the nation's leading 
men. Upon the platform sat Grand Sire Stuart, 
Grand Secretary Kidgely, Past Grand Sires Ellison 
and Kennedy, the officers of the Sovereign Grand 
Lodge, twelve Past Grand officers and the Grand 
officers of New York, New Jersey and Connecticut. 
A splendid program was given (c), ending with a 
song composed and sung by Wm. H. Barnes, Past 
Grand Master of Georgia. The following is the first 
verse, sung to the tune of ^Mohn Brown :" 

"The army of Freedom is gathering its men. 
From mountain and valley, from hilltop and glen. 
Fraternity our motto, we are valiant and strong; 
Come join our army and go marching along." 

The California Grand Lodge wishing to show 



124 CALIFORNIA ODD FELLOWSHIP. 

their high esteem for the brother who had at the 
risk of life and health founded the Order in a 
foreign land, May 12th elected him as their repre- 
sentative to the Sovereign Grand Lodge. To still 
further express their love, his own lodge, California, 
No. 1, and other lodges, presented Morse with a 
"costly |350 collar and jewel 18 carats gold." The 
beautiful and appropriate gift was carried to 
Chicago by Nathan Porter, and it was presented to 
Morse on the floor of the Lodge by Secretary 
Ridgely. When Morse died, he bequeathed this 
regalia and his old collar to the first member of 
No. 1 fortunate enough to be elected Sovereign 
Grand Representative. Colin Boyd, the sturdy Cal- 
ifornian chief, was the fortunate brother, and in 
California Lodge May 31st, 1875, he was presented 
the regalia. On his overland homeward journey 
Morse received a continuous ovation all along the 
line, and on arrival in San Francisco September 
30th he was greeted by an immense body of Odd 
Fellows. 

Visiting many different lodges by invitation, he 
received in each lodge a rousing reception, and at 
a later reception. May 14th, 1873, he was presented 
a neat gift from the German Grand Lodge — a set of 
laudatory resolutions handsomely framed, together 
with a portrait of the first Grand Lodge representa- 
tives. The resolutions were expressed to America 



CALIFORNIA ODD FELLOWSHIP. 125 

by Grand Sire Hugo Walllieim, and presented to 
Morse by Grand Master Bradford. 

Death is in the world and the hand of the 
despoiler is among the works of the Almighty — all 
tliat live must die. Deputy Grand Sire Morse, 
although a hero crowned, continued to grow more 
feeble and December 30th, 1874, life fled. Through- 
out his life his thoughts Avere as his last words: 
"God bless my wife; God bless my country; God 
bless the I. O. O. F." 

His body, viewed by thousands of loving friends, 
lay in state in Covenant hall until Sunday, January 
3d. On that peaceful afternoon he Avas buried with 
the full honors of the Order, Odd Fellows being 
present from all parts of the State. The hall was 
crowded, and the very impressive service consisted 
of an address by the Rev. Horatio Stebbins, the 
choir singing "Rock of Ages" and "Nearer, My God, 
to Thee." The service over, the subordinate lodges, 
encampment Grand officers and friends, marched to 
the Odd Fellows Rest, preceded by a band of fifty 
pieces. On Taylor street the procession was dis- 
missed and the funeral cortege took passage on* the 
cars for the cemetery. On arrival, the service of the 
Order was read by Grand Master Miller and Rev. 
D. D. Rexford, Grand Chaplain. 

And there in the Silent Lodge they left him — 



126 CALIFORNIA ODD FELLOWSHIP. 

"Life's labor done, 
Serenely to his final rest he passed ; 
While the soft memories yet 
Linger, like sunset hues when that bright 
orb has set." 



(a) Some years later the Sovereign Grand Lodge so 
amended the constitution as to permit the admission of all 
eligible candidates in foreign countries at the age of 18. 

(b) Templar Lodge at this time was in the zenith of its 
glory. With a membership of 426, the largest lodge in the 
State, and assets of $35,166, it contained men famous in 
finance, law, commerce, politics, art and science, including 
such names as Wm. C. Ralston, Solomon Sharp, Samuel 
Brannan, David J. Staples, John F. Miller, George C. Perkins, 
Leonidas Pratt, Isaac Biuxome, George C. Hickox and Judge 
S. G. Beatty. 

(c) The following was the program: Overture, Seventy- 
first Regiment band; introduction, by John A. Kennedy, P. G. 
Sire; music, band; anthem, "Sound the Loud Notes of Praise;" 
response, John F. Morse, D. G. Sire; ode, "With Joy We Lift 
the Voice of Song;" congratulatory address, Wm. Ellison, 
P. G. Sire; address, Grand Secretary Ridgely; address, John 
A, Stoakes, P. G. Master of Pennsylvania; address, James 
Saunders, P. G. Master of Maryland; hymn; band; song, 
Wm. H. Barnes. 



CHAPTER VIII. 

John B. Harmon — Dedication of Oakland hall — First 
Rebekah degree lodge — Grand Master's jewels — Harmon 
elected Deputy Grand Sire — Reorganizes the Order in 
Australia — His departure for Auckland — The work a success — 
Grand receptions to Grand Sire Harmon — Death of Ridgely — 
The California memorial service. 

Some one has said, men are bom to command. 
Such seems to be the case in the fraternal life of 
John B. Harmon, lawyer, orator. Grand Master and 
Grand Sire. A non-affiliating Odd Fellow in 1858, 
three years later we find him Noble Grand of 
Capitol Lodge, No. 87, he succeeding Morris M. 
Estee. He represented that lodge in the Grand 
Lodge in 1862, and four years later agaiii took his 
seat as representative of Apollo Lodge, No. 123. He 
now entered the race for official honors. Harmon, 
John B. Hill and Silas Brockway of Mokelumne 
Hill Lodge, No. 44, running for Grand Warden. 
Brockway received 111, Hill 72 and Marmon 40 
votes. In 1868 Harmon was elected Warden, 
Brockway Deputy Grand Master, and Charles Has- 
well Grand Master. In that year the Sovereign 
Grand Lodge accepted the invitation to assemble in 
California in September, 1869, and the honor of 
welcoming the distinguished guests belongs to the 
Grand Master. Fate, however, intervened, and 



128 CALIFORNIA ODD FELLOWSHIP. 

Brock way dying March 30th, 1869 (a), Harmon 
was installed as Grand Master, death for the first 
time making vacant the highest State chair. 

Before Harmon had been six months in office he 
was invited to a second pleasant duty — that of dedi- 
cating, December 31st, 1869, a new hall for the 
Oakland lodges, they having erected a three-story 
building of wood, corner of Franklin and Eleventh 
streets, at a cost of |19,000. The brethren, over 
300 in number, assembling at their old hall, corner 
of Twelfth and Broadway, marched to the new hall, 
the Oakland Guard acting as their escort, to the 
music of Schribner's band. 

The beautiful hall was croAvded, and the dedica- 
tory exercises were conducted by Grand Master 
Harmon, assisted by L. L. Alexander, John A. Mc- 
Clelland, T. Rodgers Johnson and Dr. Thomas H. 
Sinex. During the ceremony a male quartet, with 
Washington Elliott as leader, gave many pleasing 
selections, and Harmon delivered an oration. The 
fun closed with a ball given on the first floor of the 
building. 

Another honor accorded to Past Grand Master 
Harmon was that of instituting California's first 
Eebekah Lodge, California, No. 1, June 30th, 1870. 
The friends of the Rebekahs had been working 
unceasingly in the highest body for the advance of 
the degree, and they succeeded in 1868 in having the 



CALIFORNIA ODD FELLOWSHIP. 129 

S. G. L. adopt a resolution permitting Grand 
Lodges to institute Rebekali Lodges, with the power 
of conferring the degree (b), holding regular stated 
meetings, and electing their own members and 
officers. 




LELAND STANFORD. 
Governor and Senator, was an Odd Fellow of high de- 
gree. A member of Sacramento Lodge No. 2, he was a direc- 
tor of the proposed Odd Fellows College and Home, to which 
he gave $20,000 for the founding of a Professorship. The pro- 
ject was not carried out, but his work for humanity was later 
realized, in Stanford University. 

The lodge was instituted with fifty-seven charter 

members, and the following officers were installed : 

F. P. Dann, N. G. ; Sister C. W. Conor, V. G. ; 

J. P. G. Miller, Secretary, and Sister Hannah Kyle, 



130 CALIFORNIA ODD FELLOWSHIP. 

Treasurer. Dann, who was a very enthusiastic 
Eebekah, was three times elected Noble Grand, the 
lodge at his last installation presenting him with a 
silver table service. 

"This degree is the crowning glory of Odd Fel- 
lowship," said Grand Master Haswell, and he 
earnestly recommended that the Grand Lodge, 1869, 
authorize the degree. The subject was referred to 
a committee, with David Louderback as chairman, 
and they reported a resolution that a committee of 
three be appointed to institute Rebekah Lodges. 
Wm. H. Hill moved the adoption of the report, but 
the Lodge was anti-Rebekahs, and they adopted 
Past Grand Master Fox's motion, that the whole 
subject be laid over until the next session. 

In that session the subject was not called up, for 
there was much opposition then against the intro- 
duction of the "female lodges ;'^ nor was the subject 
mentioned in the Grand Lodge until Grand Master 
C W. Dannals declared in his report, 1871, that 
Rebekah Lodges had been instituted, California, 
No. 1, at San Francisco ; Naomi, No. 2, at Truckee, 
Nevada county; Millville, No. 3, in Shasta county. 
That year the Grand Lodge gave the Rebekah 
Lodges a constitution. 

Past Grand Masters Haswell and Harmon were 
the first to receive those beautiful diamond-set 
jewels that are now presented to each retiring 



CALIFORNIA ODD FELLOWSHIP. 131 

Grand Master. It had been the custom in earlier 
years to present some Grand Masters with costly 
gifts (c), while other retiring officers received noth- 
ing. This created dissatisfaction, and to serve alike 
each Past officer the lodge, 1869, adopted the C. O. 
Burton resolution — 

"That in the future this R. W. G. Lodge 
presents the retiring Grand Master, in- 
cluding Grand Master HasAvell, with a 
Past Grand's jewel." 

The glory of life is in good deeds well performed, 
l)ut there is another glory that may be added to it, 
that of being elected to the highest gift in the pos- 
session of Odd Fellowship, the Grand Sire. John 
B. Harmon having within a period of ten years 
passed from the Warden's chair in Capitol Lodge 
to a seat in the Sovereign Grand Lodge, now sought 
its highest honor. The stepping stone to the throne 
was the office of Deputy Grand Sire, and on the 
third ballot for that office California came out 
ahead, with a vote of seventy-three out of a total 
vote of 138. It was a high honor, for as Colin M. 
Boyd, S. G. R., declared : "The compliment was all 
the more expressive from the fact that Brother 
Barmon's competitors were from among the most 
eminent representatives to that Grand body." 

Before Harmon had been many months in office 
there came to him an unexpected duty, namely. 



132 CALIFORNIA ODD FELLOWSHIP. 

the straightening out, if possible, of the complica- 
tions of the Order then existing in Australasia. 
A. D. Meacham founded the Order in that far dis- 
tant land, but in some manner confusion arose 
regarding the supreme authority, and New Zealand 
and Australia each laid claim to the highest power. 

^'Appeal after appeal came up from our brethren 
* * * for a new commission,'' and the Power 
Supreme in 1877 empowered and requested Grand 
Sire. Stokes to "effect an adjustment of the compli- 
cations there existing." The Grand Sire refused, 
or was unable to perform the work, and he called 
upon the Deputy Grand Sire to perform it. Har- 
mon refused, because of the great business sacri- 
fice he would be compelled to make, but unfortu- 
nately for him, from a financial standpoint, a letter 
from Ridgely caused him to change his mind and 
undertake the work. 

I quote a portion of his answer to Ridgely, for in 
the whole history of Odd Fellowship there is seen 
no stronger devotion to duty, for in the acceptance 
of this trust his large practice as a lawyer was 
ruined, and he died, 1899, in poverty. Notice the 
sublimity of his last thought, "Money weighs noth- 
ing as against love and duty." 

"I have struggled hard to arrange my busi- 
ness so that either on March 18th or April 
15th I may start. The trouble is, the great 



CALIFORNIA ODD FELLOWSHIP. 133 

sacrifice a law} er in full practice in a large 
city makes, when he quits his profession 
for so long a time as the mission to x\us- 
tralia requires. But having suffered much 
from this cause on one occasion hereto- 
fore, I may as well suffer a little more. 
Besides, what a man does for his fellow 
man will count largely in the balance sheet 
of his life. He may lose som.e money, but 
in the great cause for humanity money 
weighs nothing as against love and duty." 

The S. G. L. appropriated |1,000 for the mission, 
"and," says Charles Fox, the Grand Lodge histor- 
ian, "Harmon was filled with anxiety lest he should 
bo unable to accomplish the mission because of the 
inadequacy of the appropriation." Yerba Buena 
Lodge and Bay City Lodge came to his relief, each 
appropriating |350, afterward refunded by the 
S. G. L., and Harmon sailed on the steamer of April 
15th. 

On the morning of that day in Covenant hall the 
brethren assembled to bid him good-bye. Speeches 
were made by Colin M. Boyd, John P. Miller and 
others, and as the time of the departure of the 
steamer drew near loud calls were made for Har- 
mon. AVith a voice choking with emotion he arose 
and said : 

"Brethren, the time is too short for re- 
marks. Tliis meeting is grateful to me, 



134 CALIFORNIA ODD FELLOWSHIP. 

but my heart is heavy, as I have just 
parted from my family, and they are sad. 
I am going to Australia in fulfillment of a 
promise I made to myself years ago, to do 
my whole duty as it arose day by day. The 
duty of the present hour seems to me to be 
to leave my family and abandon my busi- . 
ness — for that is what it is — to go on this 
foreign mission. * * * Here in old 
Covenant hall I put my arms around all of 
you, and bid 3^ou God speed." 
The brethren then, arm in arm, forming a pro- 
cession, marched to the steamer Zealand. 

The vessel arriving at Auckland, New Zealand, 
March 7th, the brothers gave Harmon a warm greet- 
ing, and in his honor a dinner was given in the 
Theater Royal hotel. The Deputy Grand Sire re- 
maining a month in New Zealand, succeeded in 
straightening out the difl&culties, and then sailing 
for Victoria, Australia, he arrived May 7th. The 
brothers assembled in large numbers and escorted 
Harmon to the Victoria Club house, where he was 
to reside. 

His work there was satisfactory, and the lodges 
in Australia, as they did in New Zealand, surren- 
dered to him their charters. In return he gave to 
Australia a Supreme Lodge charter, the Supreme 
Body to meet in Victoria. New Zealand was given a 
Grand Lodge charter, they to report to the Sover- 
eign Grand body at Victoria. 



CALIFORNIA ODD FELLOWSHIP. 185 

Harmon, having finished his work, sailed July 
18th for San Francisco on the City of Sydney, and 
arriving August 14th, was welcomed home. 




JOHN B. HARMON, P. G. S. 
John B. Harmon, born in Ohio October 29th, 1822, obtaining 
a liberal education, studied law, and at the age of 22 was 
admitted to the bar. Removing to New Orleans in 1848, he 
was initiated into Templar, No. 16, and immigrating to Cali- 
fornia, in 1853, seven years later, 'joined Capitol Lodge, 
No. 87. He removed to San Francisco in 1866, and becoming 
a charter member of Apollo Lodge later removed to Oakland 
and became a charter member and the first Noble Grand of 
Fountaih Lodge. He passed through the chairs in No. 87, 
entered the Grand Lodge in 1862, and was for six years on 
the Committee of Appeals. He was elected Grand Representa- 
tive in 1870, served in 72-74-76, and for thirty-five years he 
was a faithful, hard-working Odd Fellow. 

In September, 1878, Harmon was installed as 
Grand Sire, the only brother so honored this side of 



136 CALIFORNIA ODD FELLOWSHIP. 

the Rocky mountains, and immediately Represen- 
tatives VV. S. Winn and Colin M. Boyd wired the 
good news ^'home." Returning to California, he 
was given many complimentary receptions, Warren, 
Ohio, his old childhood home, greeting him on the 
route. Reaching the State line, a delegation of 
Sacramento Odd Fellows met him at Roseville and 
escorted the Grand Sire into Sacramento. In the 
Capitol building a welcome was given him by New- 
ton Booth. Visiting his old lodge in the evening, 
Capitol, No. 87, he was introduced by Grove L. 
Johnson, and Harmon, in an hour and a half speech, 
reviewed the early times of Odd Fellowship in Sac- 
ramento and gave an account of his Australian 
journey. M. M. Estee also made a short address. 
The brothers then marching to the Capitol hotel, 
sat down to a fine banquet. Returning to San Fran- 
cisco October 18th, the Grand Sire was tendered a 
reception by all the city lodges, and later Fountain 
Lodge, No. 190, welcomed their first Noble Grand, 
Harmon. 

In the closing month of his term of office the 
Grand Sire was directed to perform a sad yet pleas- 
ing duty, that of installing, for the last time. Grand 
Secretary Ridgely, "that Nestor of Odd Fellow- 
ship," as Grand Master Louderback called him, who 
for nearly a half century had been the Correspond- 
ing Secretary of the Sovereign Grand Lodge. The old 



CALIFORNIA ODD FELLOWSHIP. 137 

man, too feeble to leave his room, was again elected 
as Secretary by the S. G. L., and Grand Sire Har- 
nlon was instructed to install him. "He sat in his 
chair," said Harmon, "assenting to but not repeat- 
ing the obligation, and not understanding me when 
I said to him, 'this is the last of the obligation,' in a 
whisper he answered, ^yes, the last'." 

"He departed this life ripe in years, full of 
honors," November 16th, 1881, and Davis Louder- 
back, Grand Master, issued a proclamation an- 
nouncing his death. His funeral took place Novem- 
ber 20th, and by telegraph the Grand Lrodge 
directed acting Secretary. Theo. R. Ross to procure 
for the G. L. and the Veterans two large floral 
pieces, "The Hour Glass" and "The Setting Sun," 
and they wired the California Senator, John P. 
Miller, then in New York, to represent the Grand 
Lodge, but he answered, "Impossible to attend the 
funeral." 

A memorial service was held in San Francisco 
Sunday, December 4th, in honor of this illustrious 
Odd Fellow, and the Grand Opera House was 
crowded from pit to dome. The sen^ices began with 
a hymn by a select choir; prayer, by E. R. Dille, 
Past Grand; the Order's funeral service, led by 
Grand Master Louderback ; solo, "The Message," by 
Hugo Talbo ; reading of the Grand Lodge resolu- 
tions, by Secretary W. B. Lyons; address, E. D. 



138 CALIFORNIA ODD PELLOWStttt*. 

Farnsworth, Past Grand Sire; eulogy, Past Grand 
Sire Harmon. A poem was also read, of which we 
publish two verses : 

"And now our Father, Brother, Friend, 
Farewell on earth, we bid to thee ; 
Above the Heavens that o'er us bend, 
God has blessed thy fidelity. 

"Relieved from sorrow, care and pain, 

Thy ransomed soul smiles from on high; 
We feel our loss, to you 'tis gain. 
Such men as thou can never die." 

A beautiful monument was erected in Baltimore 
to the memory of liidgely, from the five- cent con- 
tributions of the Order, the California lodges con- 
tributing |631. 



(a) Silas W. Brockway, of Hope Lodge, No. 33, at the time 
of his death was Judge of Calaveras county, he dying in San 
Mateo in the home of his friend, Alvinza Hayward. He was 
buried by the Grand Lodge in Lone Mountain cemetery, the 
funeral services being held April 3rd, from the Unitarian 
church, Rev. Horatio Stebbins preaching the sermon. At the 
grave Grand Master Haswell and Rev. E. G. Lathrop led in 
the last service for the dead. 

(b) Previous to this time, the degree was conferred in 
the subordinate lodge, by the brothers. It was simply a side 
degree, and the women had neither voice nor vote. 

(c) In 1859 Past Grand Van Bokkelen was presented a 
gold watch. John A. McClelland, 1865, was given a gold- 
headed cane. Grand Master Parker on his retirement from 
office, 1854, was presented with a beautiful service of plate 
"for his valuable services." John F. Morse, 1855, was given a 
costly plate service "as an evidence of their esteem and 
fraternal regard." In 1863 J. A. J. Bohen, Grand Master in 
1859, was given a plate service in the Grand Lodge, and Morse 



CALIFORNIA ODD FELLOWSHIP. 



139 



in his presentation speech, forgetting, perhaps, that with 
party or creed we have no affinity, scathingly denounced 
President Buchanan, and declared "had he but done his duty" 
there would have been no Civil War. C. O. Burton retired, 
18GG, was presented a service of plate valued at $600, "as a 
slight token of regard and the brothers' high esteem for you 
as a brother," said Brockway in his speech. Charles N. Fox, 
refusing to receive the extra money he had expended as Grand 
Master, the San Francisco lodges May 8th, 1868, tendered the 
Grand Representatives a complimentary ball, and Fox was 
called upon the floor and presented with a $700 solid silver 
tea set, the last costly present given. 




DR. CHARLES GRATTAN. 

The oldest Odd Fellow living in this jurisdiction is Brother 
Charles Grattan, an Odd Fellow continuously for nearly sixty 
two years. Initiated into Beacon Lodge No. 40, New York, in 
October, 1844, he came to California in 1849, and February 
14, 1852, he united with Charity, No. 6, since that time he has 
been a member, except a few years in No. 11. 



CHAPTER IX. 

A broad jurisdiction — Grand Master Hill's regret — A new 
office created — The Grand Instructor's experience — Relief for 
the Chicago Odd Fellows — Michigan and home relief — The 
Marysville flood^ — Dedication of the Sacramento temple — 
Grand Sire E. D. Famsworth — Relief for our Southern breth- 
ren — ^Again is heard the distressful cry — The first special 
Grand Lodge sessions — The assistant Secretary — George S. 
Case — He opposes the appointment — Mysell takes interest — 
Past Grand Masters settle the question. 

In the early seventies the -jurisdiction of the Cali- 
fornia Grand Lod^e covered an extent of territory 
which included British Columbia on the north, 
Nevada on the east and the Sandwich Islands on 
the west, a jurisdiction in miles equal to one-fourth 
of the United States. 

No Grand Master could possibly perform his 
whole duty and visit all of the lodges during his 
term of office and yet Grand Master Hill, traveling 
1,000 miles by the old steamer Pacific to visit Vic- 
toria Lodge, No. 1, British Columbia, expressed his 
r.egret that "he had not sufficient time to inspect 
and encourage our lone waif in that far distant 
kingdom," the Sandwich Islands. 

Grand Master Hill, exceeding all other Masters, 
made as many official visits as possible, he believing 
that these calls were productive of great good, and 
all the lodges should yearly see the Grand Master. 
But he declares — 

"It would take all the Grand Master's time 
to so visit. Is it right, therefore, to de- 



CALIFORNIA ODD FELLOWSHIP. 141 

mand or expect a Grand Master to give up 
the earning of his lining, for eight or ten 
months of the year, in order that he may 
visit and instruct lodges?" 

He thought not, and as the Grand Sire, 1870, had 
recommended the appointment of a Grand Lodge 
Instructor, Hill also recommended the creation 
of such an officer, he to be given a fair salary, his 
duty being to visit and instruct lodges in the secret 
and unwritten work. 

The Lodge immediately adopted the suggestion, 
and W. J. Gurnett, then Deputy Grand Master, was 
appointed as Lodge Instructor, at a salary of |2,500 
a year. "The Instructor is a live Odd Fellow, and 
liis reading of the secret work is perfect," said the 
New Age, and with great enthusiasm he began his 
work, he believing that he could easily cover the 
ground. But Gurnett soon learned that he had 
attempted the impossible. Listen to his report in 
1873— 

"Little was I aware of the magnitude of 
such an undertaking, until after I had 
fairly commenced my work. The Grand 
I..ecturer to * * * visit all the lodges 
within the jurisdiction is possibly in the 
power of man, provided he is blessed with 
an iron constitution and able to labor 
twelve successive months, day and night, 
without rest." 



142 CALIFORNIA ODD FELLOWSHIP. 

Gurnett visited 140 subordinate, 4 Degree and 
5 Rebekah Lodges; addressed 4921 brothers, con- 
ferred 172 degrees and initiated 54 strangers. The 
brethren everywhere welcomed him gladly, and 
did everything possible to make his visits pleasant, 
but one visit was particularly sad — the death of a 
brother (a). 

The Lecturer's report was so discouraging as to 
future results, the Lodge, adopting the recommen- 
dation of the Finance Committee, abolished the 
office. Representative Shattuck of No. 349, believed 
such an office should be created, and in 1891 he 
asked that a suitable instructor be appointed 
annually by the Grand Master at a salary of |3,000 
a year to visit and instruct the lodges in the secret 
and ritualistic Avork. The committee report was 
accepted that — 

"It was unnecessary at the present time, as 
the Grand Secretary, who now accompan- 
ies the Grand Master on his visits, gives 
the necessary instruction." 

Nothing more was heard upon this subject until 
Representative McArthur of No. 77, in the Lodge of 
1895, resolved that the Grand Lodge appoint two 
instructors ,officially qualified to instruct subordi- 
nate lodges in the work. The resolution was not 
favorably received, as it "is not a necessity and 
would be unusual and inexpedient." 



CALIFORNIA ODD FELLOWSHIP. 143 

Grand Master Hill, in office less than six months, 
was called upon to extend the hand of sympathy 
and financial assistance to the fire-stricken brothers 
of Chicago. And October 11th, 1871, the following 
lieart-rendering appeal was telegraphed to Califor- 
nia's Grand Representative, John B. Harmon: 

"One thousand Odd Fellows and their wives 
and children are homeless. For God's sake, 
appeal to the brothers to help us. Nothing 
left but desolation, woe and want. Chicago 
is wiped out. Imagination cannot con- 
ceive one-half the truth. E. B. Sherman." 

Immediately, Harmon communicated witli Grand 
Master Hill, and he the same day issued a proclama- 
tion calling upon the brethren for contributions of 
money. In his call he said : 

"If you cannot give hundreds or tens of 
dollars, give one. Give your dimes, if you 
cannot do more; but whatever you do, do 
it quickly." 

Speedily the money rolled in to the Grand Sec- 
retary's office, some lodges also sending money 
directly from lodge to Chicago (b), and within nine 
days Secretary Johnson telegraphed |4,000, and 
eleven days after the first call for relief had been 
made he reported that he had received »|10,386 (c). 
The money was telegraphed, and in response he 
received the following over the wires : 



144 CALIFORNIA ODD FELLOWSHIP. 

"Heaven bless the Odd Fellows of Califor- 
nia. Give thanks of suffering Odd Fellows 
to lodges." 

Some weeks after the fire, John W. Ellis, chair- 
man of the Chicago Belief Committee, sent back to 
California |1747 of the money contributed, and 
accompanying the amount came a letter saying: 

"By the generous and continued liberality 
of the brotherhood, we have now been fur- 
nished with sufficient means to supply the 
most pressing necessities." 

"Five thousand Odd Fellows were rendered 
homeless by the fire," said John B. Harmon. "Not 
one of these Odd Fellows, their wives or families, 
wanted for anything during the hard winter that 
followed." 

At this time there was considerable suffering 
among the brethren of Michigan and Wisconsin, 
and |1,146 of the returned Chicago money was sent 
to those States, California, No. 1, and Concordia^ 
No. 122, sending an additional $675. 

Nor did we forget our own, the same year. Ocean 
View, No. 143, and Donner, No. 162, lost their halls 
by fire, and the subordinates contributing |2,048 to 
the two losers, it again put them on their feet. This 
case of assisting home lodges is but one of hundreds 
that might be mentioned, but one illustration must 
suffice for all. 



CALIFORNIA ODD FELLOWSHIP. 145 

Profiting, perhaps, from the Chicago fire, the 
Grand Lodge, two years later, established an emer- 
gency fund of 11^000, the amount to be placed at the 
Grand Master's disposal to meet sudden calls for 
relief. In the following year, January, 1874, Grand 
Master Miller found good use for the money. A 
lieavy flood at Marysville rendered destitute and 
homeless many of the Marysville Odd Fellows. 
Miller, learning of the disaster, immediately wired 
C. N. Jenkins, then D. D. G. M. of that district, ask- 
ing him to what extent the brethren were in need, 
several days later the Grand Master received the 
following telegram : . 

"Desolation and ruin meets us on every 
hand, and any contributions Avill be grate- 
fully received." 

The Grand Lodge Standing Committee then 
called a meeting and |500 was drawn from the relief 
fund, then on deposit in the Odd Fellows Bank, and 
sent it to D. D. Grand blaster Jenkins for the relief 
of the Marysville brethren. 

In the days of which we are now writing the 
Grand Lodge was practically on w^heels, as it held 
its sessions in the five largest cities from time to 
time, William Hill had been endeavoring for sev- 
eral years to have the Ix)dge again meet in his home 
town, and so they voted, 1869, "provided that Sac- 
ramento shall have their new hall erected for the 



146 CALIFORNIA ODD FELLOWSHIP. 

accommodation of the Grand Lodge." The corner 
stone was laid September, 1869, by the officers of 
the Sovereign Grand Lodge, and the building was 
completed in October, 1870, El Dorado, No. 8, 
October 15th, holding the first meeting therein. In 
the following year, for the last time, the Grand 
body met in Sacramento (d), and May 10th they 
dedicated the halls. The brothers, assembling at 
the old hall, 1,500 in number, marched to their new 
beautiful temple to the music of the Sacramento 
brass band, John Talbot acting as Grand Marshal. 
After the dedication the brethren, reforming in line, 
marched to the Agricultural Pavilion, where an 
oration was delivered by Newton Booth. 

The dedicatory services were conducted by E. D. 
Farns worth. Past Grand Sire, "who made his name 
honored throughout the civilized world because of 
his splendid work for Odd Fellowship.'' Visiting 
California in 1870, he returned the following year 
permanently to reside, and often called to places of 
honor, he installed the Grand Officers of the Grand 
Lodge in their three sessions, 1870-71-73. 
Laying the corner stone of the Sacramento temple, 
he also delivered the oration at the Ridgely memor- 
ial service, and delivered hundreds of speeches at 
lodge gatherings. Born just five years previous to 
the founding of the Order by Wildey, he lived to the 
ripe age of 75, and died March 19th, 1893. He was 



CALIFORNIA ODD FELLOWSHIP. 147 

buried in the I. O. O. F. grounds with all the honors 
of a Grand Sire, and to-day, beneath the shadow of 
Parker hill there stands a beautiful monument, 
erected by the lodges at a cost of |786. 

The Past Grand Sire lived for many years in the 
south, Tennessee. It was for this reason, perhaps, 
that he was selected as the chairman of the com- 
mittee appointed to solicit subscriptions for our 
Southern brethren during the terrible yellow fever 
pt^tilence of 1877-78. 

In the summer of 1878 the California papers gave 
a full description of the terrible fever then raging 
around Memphis, Tenn., and New Orleans, La. 
Money from .the Eastern lodges had been freely 
flowing into the fever-stricken districts, and 
although the brothers had made no appeal to Cali- 
fornia for assistance. Templar, Bay City, Concor- 
dia, Pacific, Abou Ben Adhem and Parker, sent 
some |800 to the two fever localities. A little later, 
August, 1878, the Secretary of Templar Lodge, wir- 
ingto New Orleans, inquired: "Do you need any 
more financial assistance?" "No, not iiow,'^ came 
tlie response, but a little later a second telegram 
was received: 

"Demands upon us increasing; will accept 
your assistance now." 

Then, from the Memphis Odd Fellows came the 
cry of distress: 



148 CALIFORNIA ODD FELLOWSHIP. 

"More, than one hundred of our members, 
including their families, are suffering and 
destitute. We need your sympathy and 
aid." 

The stricken South at last made known their 
suffering, but this was unnecessary, for, said the 
committee : 

"It is only necessary for us to report what 
the telegraph is hourly bringing us, name- 
ly, that hundreds, yes, thousands, are being 
stricken down with yellow fever. * * * 
The death roll is frightful; men, women 
and children are dying even upon the 
streets unattended." 

"Brothers," said Grand Master Randall, "remem- 
ber that the hand of an Odd Fellow is always open 
to a brother in distress." And in response to his 
proclamation a mass meeting was held in Pacific 
hall, San Francisco, September 7th, 1879, and a 
committee of seven appointed to issue circulars and 
solicit funds for the suffering South. The circulars 
were sent to every lodge within this jurisdiction, 
and again the coin rolled into the Secretary's ofl&ce. 
Bay City leading with |1,128, followed by Har- 
mony, |550 ; Charity and Stockton, each, |150 ; Sac- 
ramento |100, San Jose Lodge |130, and so on, in 
sums varying according to the membership of the 
lodge, from |10 up until it reached the sum of 



CALIFORNIA ODD FELLOWSHIP. 149 

115,312 — the contribution of the encampments, sub- 
ordinate and Rebekah lodges. 

The amount of money sent to the fever-stricken 
districts was so large, they had "money to burn," 
so to speak, and more than enough. They returned 
to the California lodges nearly 45 per cent of the 
money sent them (e). 

The brethren, unfortunately for them, were too 
hasty in returning the fund, for in September the 
pestilence again raged with fearful results. Said 
Grand Master Case, in Memphis, "the lodges and 
encampments have exhausted all their funds in 
relieving the suffering and distress,'' and he called 
upon the lodges to — 

"Illustrate once again the liberality of Cali- 
fornia Odd Fellowship." 

The response was |2,427, but as |1,000 was all 
that was required, that amount was sent to Memphis 
and the balance placed in the treasury for future 
emergencies. Fortunately, no more national relief 
was called for until the Johnstown flood of May 
31st, 1889, followed by the Galveston flood of 1900. 
Then came the great Baltimore fire of February 
7th, 1904, destroying the Wildey and Ridgely monu- 
ments and the "Seven Stars Tavern," the birthplace 
of Odd Fellowship. From all parts of the Union 
Odd Fellow telegrams were sent to Baltimore, "Do 
you want assistance?" "No," came back the reply. 



150 CAUPORKIA ODD FELLOWSHIP. 

"The surrounding cities are giving us all the aid 
required." Wildey's monument was consumed in 
a roaring sea of fire, but the spirit that animated 
that grand soul had inspired not only Odd Fellows 
to deeds of humanity, but citizens, and wonderful 
was the relief afforded. 

One of the leading humanitarians of the Coast is 
Brother Wm. H. Barnes, who leads not only in good 
deeds, but in executive work; hence it was that in 
1879 the Grand Lodge adopted his resolution — 

"That special sessions may also be called at 
the option of the Grand Master, at such 
times and places as he may deem' advis- 
able, provided that at least one of the 
officers of the G. L. sliall be present." 

In obedience to this resolution, Grand Masters 
Randall and Case, 1879-80, held Grand Lodge 
special sessions in the fourteen different towns (f). 
Lyons was not present at any of these sessions save 
one. This caused considerable confusion, as secre- 
taries were appointed unaccustomed to the work, 
and the G. L. then adopted a resolution that there- 
after "the Grand Secretary must attend all special 
sessions." 

This resolution gave to Lyons a large amount of 
additional work, and Grand Master Leon Freer, 
1883, recommended — 

"That the G. L. make some provision for the 



152 CALIFORNIA ODD FELLOWSHIP. 

payment of the G. S. in attending these 
extra sessions.-' 

They refused, and in the year following, W. W. 
Morrow, G. M., declared in his report: 

"I think the time has come when the Lodge 
should provide an assistant to aid the 
Grand Secretary in his increasing work. 
I also think it important that the Secre- 
tary should be free to accompany the 
Grand Master on his visitations, and this 
would be possible if he had an assistant." 

The G. L., accepting this report with favor, 
adopted the Finance Committee's report— 

^'Which empowered the Grand Secretary to 
employ an assistant at a salary of |1,500 
a year." 

G. W. P id well was on the Finance Committee, 
and he was appointed by Lyons as his assistant. 

The creation of this ofiice caused a ten years' con- 
test, which was led by George S. Case, a San Fran- 
cisco raised youth and one of the youngest Grand 
Masters in this jurisdiction. "He was," said the 
New Age, '^of splendid physique, genial in his 
nature, and bearing all the evidence of many attrib- 
utes in his personal appearance." Crossing the 
plains with his family at the age of 10 years, he at 
the age of 22 was initiated in Bay City, No. 71 — 
that Jewish lodge, so liberal in their contributions 
and receptions to visiting Odd Fellows. Case be- 



CALIFORNIA ODD FELLOWSHIP. 153 

came a faithful and zealous worker in Odd Fellow- 
ship, and passing through the chairs, represented 
No. 71 in the Grand Lodge, 1875, and four years 
later, at the age of 31, he was installed as Grand 
Master. Case, voicing the opinion of his lodge — 

"That the office of Assistant Grand Secre- 
tary was unnecessary," 

offered a resolution, 1885, that the ofllce be dis- 
continued. The Finance Committee, of which Case 
was a member, disagreed, the minority report said : 

"For years the Grand Secretary alone has 
performed the work of his office, and by his 
own admission, he can do the work, if not 
required to visit lodges." 

Fifteen hundred dollars a year, they thought, a 
pretty heavy tax, especially as many of the smaller 
lodges were over-taxed, paying out $16 and receiv- 
ing for dues but |12 per member. 

The majority report, which was adopted 162 to 
50, said : 

"That the G. S. should be allowed to visit 
lodges, as such visits would give life and 
activity to the membership, and that it 
would be wise economy * * * to al- 
low him an assistant, that he may be able 
to attend to such outside duties." 

Past Grand Master Case kept up the fight in 
1886-87, he in the year last named presenting a 



154 CALIFORNIA ODD FELLOWSHIP. 

resolution ^'that the Assistant Secretary's salary be 
placed at |600 a year." This also being voted down. 

The committee work of the Sovereign Grand 
Lodge visit of 1888 occupied his attention and in 
the session of 1889 his presence was no more, for 
April 7th he had been called '^over there.'' 

Although the chief agitator of the retrenchment 
question was dead, the question itself ^'yet liveth," 
for Representative Mysell of No. 13 started again 
the ball a rolling, 1893, by his resolution declaring 

^^That there is a great desire among the 
lodges of San Francisco that the Grand 
Lodge administer the affairs of the subor- 
dinate lodges upon the minimum basis of 
their expenditures, and therefore the 
Finance Committee are requested to omit 
the sum of |1,500 for Assistant Sec- 
retary." 

The Finance Committee in reply said : 

^^That the Secretary's work is great; his 
visits, especially to the country lodges, 
have been of great benefit, and |1,500 a 
year is but a just compensation for his 
assistant." 

Thus saith the Grand Lodge. 

The sudden and unexpected death of Lyons 
caused a complete change in the personnel of the 
Secretary's office, and the fight was renewed to 



CALIFORNIA ODD FELLOWSHIP. 



165 



abolish the office of assistant. This brought forth 
from Grand Master Thompson in his report, 1894: 

"I do not consider this practical. ♦ ♦ ♦ 
One man might do the clerical work if he 




WM. H. BARNES, Grand Scribe. 
(Kindness of Sunset.) 

Brother Barnes, accepting the invitation of Nathan Porter, 
came to California. He came with song and story, and the 
first night of his arrival. May 2d, 1877, visiting Templar Lodge, 
he and Professor Alexander, who accompanied him, enterta ned 
a large number of the brothers. He had previously been 
giving lectures and humorous entertainments before the lodges 
of the New England States, and he immediately put himseuf in 
touch and sympathy with every Odd Fellow by his lecturing 
tour from Shasta to San Diego, Sierra to the sea. 

But Barnes was not only a lecturer, but an Odd Fellow of 
high standing, and an editor known through the East, he 
having been writing for the Ark, the American Odd Fellow, 
and the Heart and Hand, since the age of 18. Born in Boston, 
Mass., September 22d, 1834, his family soon after removed to 
Atlanta, Ga., and at the age of 8 years he began learning the 
printers' trade. Over the office Sylvan Lodge, No. 4, weekly 
assembled, and at the age of 21 Barnes was initiated into this 
lodge. He arose rapidly, passed through the chairs, entered 



166 CALIFORNIA ODD FELLOWSHIP. 

the Grand Lodge, and in 1862, then but 28 years of age, he was 
installed as Grand Master. In the following year he was 
elected as Grand Patriarch, and in 1865 he left Georgia to 
settle in New York; but the Georgians never forgot him, and 
upon his return there in 1903 they presented him with a 
beautiful Past Grand Masters' jewel. 

In New York the Past Grand Master joined Ark Lodge, 
No. 28, and when from them he took his withdrawal card to 
unite with Unity, No. 131, they also presented him with a Past 
Grand Masters' jewel. 

Barnes captured California, and California captured Barnes, 
for, only four months in the State, he publicly announced that 
"he deemed it wise to suspend the publication of the Heart 
and Hand, New York," as he had concluded to cast his future 
lot with the people of California, "For," he declared of the Cali- 
fornians — 

"Your hearts are as broad as your snow-covered hills. 

And as deep as the shafts of your mines; 
Your noble men rare, with daughters so fair. 
Every grace and attraction combine." 
And now, for over a half century, he has been doing good 
work for Odd Fellowship, and in the words of Grand Master 
Hynds: "With voice and pen, and heart brim full of kindness, 
he has labored in the great task of ameliorating the condi- 
tion of mankind and speeding the glorious hour when 
Each man shall be unto the other 
As God would have him — brother unto brother." 



shut out visitors and attended strictly to 
business. But there are several months 
in the year that he would be compelled to 
work nights and Sundays to keep up with 
the work." 

The Grand Master, however, recommended a 
reduction of salaries: $2,700 a year to the Grand 
Secretary, $1,200 to his assistant, and |100 to the 
Grand Treasurer. The Lodge placed the Grand 
Secretary's salary (g) and his assistant's as recom- 
mended by the Grand Master, but they cut out the 
§100. 



CALIFORNIA ODD FELLOWSHIP. 157 

The salaries thus stood until 1903, at which time 
the four Past Grand Masters — Karl C. Brueck, 
I*- F. Gosbey, W. W. Watson and W. A. Bonynge — 
asserted that the clerical labors of the Secretary's 
office "during the past ten years had greatly in- 
creased/' and they presented a resolution— 

"That the Grand Secretary's salary be 
placed at |3,000 per annum; assistant, 
|1,800, and the Treasurer, $200." 

The Finance Committee cut down the assistant's 
salary |300, and these are the salaries at present 
paid. 



(a) This visit was to Fort Jones Lodge, No. 115, In 
Siskiyou county. The brothers were sad, as one of their most 
beloved members was then dying. "It was Sunday afternoon," 
said Gurnett, "and in company with Brother J, D. Newton I 
visited the sick brother. We found many brothers present, 
and as we had brought our odes with us, at the dying brother's 
request, we began to sing, and never did the words fall so 
impressively upon the ear as the words of the ode — 

'In our hearts enshrined and cherished. 
May these feelings ever bloom. 

Fading not till life has perished. 
Living still beyond the tomb.' 

We ceased singing and looked at our brother, but his spirit 
had taken flight — 

'Living still beyond the tomb.' " 

(b) As an illustration of the way the lodges did business 
a quarter of a century ago, I quote from the records of Charity 
Lodge. A resolution was offered and adopted that the lodge 
give $450 towards the relief State fund, and a second resolu- 
tion was immediately passed that each member be taxed $2.50. 
The money was borrowed from the Treasurer, amounting to 
$500, and the following day it was telegraphed to John W. 
Ellis, a former Secretary of the lodge. 



168 CALIFORNIA ODD FELLOWSHIP. 

(c) Generously the lodges responded^ — Yerba Buena, No. 
15, and Templar, No. 17, each, $1,000; Charity No. 6, Bay City 
No. 71, Abou Ben Adhem No. 112 and Parker No. 124, each 
$500; Magnolia No. 29, $250; El Dorado No. 8, $200; Mount 
Moriah Encampment (Vallejo), and Wildey Camp (San Fran- 
cisco), $1G6, and so on. The smaller lodges gave what they 
could, and Donner Lodge, which had lost everything by fire, 
contributed $50 out of their pockets. 

(d) That the Golden Rule was not always observed, even 
in the Grand Lodge, the record of 1879 shows. Since 1871 
the Sacramento representatives had been striving to have the 
Grand Lodge again vote to assemble in the Capital City, and 
in 1878 Grove L. Johnson presented a resolution which was 
adopted 159 to 129, "that the next session be held in Sacra- 
mento." A scheme was immediately planned to euchre 
Sutter's old home, and the next morning, immediately after 
the reading of the journal, Charles Sumner of Templar Lodge 
arose and moved a reconsideration of the vote. It was a 
proceeding never before attempted, and the motion was 
adopted after a very warm debate. Then the original motion 
was before the house, "that the next session be held in Sac- 
ramento," and it was lost by the surprising vote of 141 to 194. 
The Grand Lodge then selected San Francisco, from whence 
came these fifty-four extra votes. 

(e) When Chico Lodge, No. 113, received their per cent., 
some $28.30, they sent it to the Grand Secretary and instructed 
him to forward the money to Truckee Lodge, they having lost 
all by fire. But the members, with many thanks, returned 
the money, saying: "We have lost all, but we feel so strong 
within ourselves, and have so much courage in God and the 
future, that no member will accept it." 

(f) The first special session was held in Eureka, then in 
San Bernardino, Los Angeles, Santa Barbara, Salinas, San 
Jose, Redwood City, Sonora, lone, Oroville, Santa Rosa, 
Auburn, Davisville and Sacramento. 

(g) Representative Louderback moved that the Secre- 
tary's salary be placed at $3,000, but it was voted down by a 
big majority, 270 to 155. McKain, of No. 271, wanted the figure 
set at $2,700, and this was the amount set by Parker Lodge, 
they declaring "the lodges are being so heavily taxed that 
many of them are not able to pay their sick benefits, especially 
in this city." This was no idle talk on the part of Parker 
Lodge, for since that time Parker and Ophir Lodges have 
passed out of existence, they consolidating with Templar, 
No. 17. 



CHAPTER X. 

The non-affiliating Odd Fellows — Eight hundred prodigals 
return — The uniform degree camp — Canton Ridgely's silver 
trophy — Violet Rebekah degree memorial — Mrs. Lizzie Condy 
appointed as Deputy District Grand Master — Organization of 
a Rebekah convention — The Rebekah Assembly — Building and 
dedication of the Orphans' Home — The Rebekahs' friend — 
Grand Master Louderback. 



The Order of California has had a continuous 
<»rowth from 1853 up to the present time, excepting 
tlie years 1894-95-96-97, at which time the member- 
ship for some reason ran behind nearly five hun- 
dred. In pioneer days the largest increase at any 
particular period was from 1857 to 1860, this in- 
crease being due to an amendment adopted by the 
Sovereign Grand Lodge, permitting all Pacific 
Coast lodges to admit 

"Non-affiliating Odd Fellows upon such 
tenns as the Grand Lodge may prescribe, 
provided they may have been suspended in 
other jurisdictions for non-payment of 
dues, and no other cause." 

All of these brothers were under suspension, and 
Grand Master Parker, referring to them in his first 
report, said that a law should he passed admitting 
them as "ancient Odd Fellows, provided they had 
not been expelled or suspended for misconduct." 
As was later shown, such a law would benefit Cali- 
fornia largely, and in 1855 a memorial was drawn 



160 CALIFORNIA ODD FELLOWSHIP. 

up by A. A. Sargent, John Brewster and O. D. 
ThomaSy explaining fully the facts of the case, and 
presented to. the G. L. of the U. S., praying them to 
take action. It was a very able paper, and although 
the Grand body highly praised the memorial, no 
action was taken until 1858, Samuel H. Parker and 
Warren Heaton then being the representatives. 

The subject was then resurrected, and the S. G. L. 
by the splendid vote of 86 to 13 passed Parker's 
resolution, quoted at the beginning of this chapter, 
although John A. Kennedy strongly opposed 
amending the constitution, even to please Califor- 
nia. He was answered by Nathan Porter, then a 
representative of Rhode Island, "in one of the ablest 
speeches ever heard in that body." John W. 
Dwinelle, then of New York, also made a strong 
argument in defense of the resolution. 

It was a special enactment limited to a certain 
time. May 12th, 1858, to January 31st, 1861, and 
of the thousands suspended only 800 took ad- 
vantage of the "open gate." Among this number, 
two became Grand Masters, C. W. Dannals and 
A. J. Gurnett; one a Grand Sire, John B. Harmon; 
and Leland Stanford, Niles Searles, Frank Austin 
and Samuel H. Brockway became representatives. 
The brethren came from thirty different States and 
joined eighty different lodges. Templar receiving 
the highest number, forty-one. 



CALIFORNIA ODD FELLOWSHIP. 161 

One of the most enthusiastic Odd Fellows of the 
State was Georji^e T. Bohen. A very popular man, 
(-specially in the encampment, he took great interest 
in the military branch of the Order and organized 
the first Odd Fellow military company, the Golden 
Gate battalion. 

The movement was first started by an Eastern 
encampment wearing a uniform, which was unlaw- 
ful (a), but in 1872 the S. G. L. passed a resolution 

"That encampments be permitted to wear 
such style of street uniform, on parade, as 
may be sanctioned by their Grand En- 
campment." 

The uniform degree camp, as it was called, was 
a success from the start, and Nathan Porter was so 
carried away with their appearance, on his return 
from the East he advised the encampment to uni- 
form. 

"They had been languishing because of the 
mergement question, and it was believed 
that to uniform would create a new in- 
terest" 

No action was taken,' hoAvever, until December, 
1873, when Bohen suggested that the "camp" pur- 
chase uniforms and wear them on parade the next 
anniversary day. The proposition was quickly 
adopted, and giving a social in Piatt's hall Feb- 
uary 6th, 1874, sixty members in uniform, preceded 



162 CALIFORNIA ODD FELLOWSHIP. 

by a band, escorted the Grand officers to the hall. 
This led to the organization of the Golden Gate 
battalion, Avith George T. Bohen as Captain. They 
fitted up and drilled in a hall corner of PoAvell and 
Sutter streets. Their first public parade was in 
May, when tliey visited Mount Moriah Encampment 
of Vallejo, as their guest. A second battalion of 
fifty men was organized May 15th, 1877, and in 
August, 1879, a battalion of Sacramento gave an 
exhibition drill in Turn-Verein hall. 

The military spirit continued to increase, and in 
1882 the S. G. L. authorized Grand Encampments 
to institute ^'uniformed degree camps for uniform 
patriarchs," they adopting the name later, 1885, of 
^^^atriarch Militant." Although ^^the adoption of 
this degree tilled at once a void in the wants of the 
Order," said Theo. Ross, in his history, the older 
members did not regard it kindly, and said Wm. H. 
Barnes in April, 1881, in a letter to the New Age : 

'^ After the war a new element appeared in 
the national councils. A spirit of unrest 
has developed itself, and the frantic desire 
to do something and call it progress is and 
has for several years been apparent, and 
some very absurd and useless results have 
accrued. Among these matters which 
were not requisite were the abolishing af 
aprons and regalias; a tinkering with the 
Sunday law; the permission to wear a 



CALIFORNIA ODD FELLOWSHIP. 163 

uniform head dress, which, piece by piece, 
developed into chapeau, sword, gauntlets, 
baldrics and uniform, until we have the 
spectacle of our Order, founded upon the 
lives of the patriarchs, drilling like sol- 
diers of the nineteenth century, with their 
tiii'et^cornei*ed hats and twenty-six inch 
feathei's.'* 

* As soon as the neAv law was passed the California 
encampments organized cantons in their respective 
districts, and the State has now tAventy-nine can- 
tons, Ridgely, No. 15, of Stockton l>eing the most 
prominent because of their winning, three times in 
succession, the beautiful silver trophy offered by 
the Grand Encampment in 1895 for the best-drilled 
canton. 

The canton, or correctly writing, the Ridgely 
Uniform Degree Camp, was instituted in October, 
1884, and reorganizing under the new^ law, Feb- 
ruary 25th, 1886, they elected the following officers : 
Captain, W. H. Woodbridge; Lieutenant, Charles 
M. Keniston; Ensign, Edward L. Gnekow; Clerk, 
George F. Roesch ; Accountant, J. E. Hall. Curious 
that the Captain and the Clerk should later become 
Past Grand Patriarchs. 

As the cantons were strictly a military organiza- 
tion, the (irand Encampment in 1895 offered a 
beautiful silver trophy, which the final possessor 
must win it three times in succession. The follow- 



164 CALIFORNIA ODD FELLOWSHIP. 

ing is the result, Ridgely, No. 15, not competing for 
the prize until 1898 : 

Won by Canton Sacramento, No. 1, at Stockton, 
October, 1895. 

Won by Canton San Francisco, No. 5, at Santa 
Cruz, October, 1896. 

Won by Canton Sacramento, No. 1, at Los An- 
geles, October, 1897. 

Won by Canton Ridgely, No. 15, at San Jose, 
October, 1898. 

Won by Canton Ridgely, No. 15, at San Fran- 
cisco, October, 1899. 

Won by Canton Ridgely, No. 15, at Redding, 
October, 1900. 

The latter also won the first prize at Fresno, 
October, 1901, |200, and a sword. 

The Patriarchs Militant have a pretty ceremony 
known as ^'The Decoration of Chivalry," which may 
be conferred upon a chevalier or a Daughter of 
Rebekah. Can any man bestow honors upon a 
Rebekah ? She is as God made her — 
"Fair as morning star, with modesty 
Arrayed; with virtue, grace and perfect lova" 

No ; but she can bestow honors upon herself, and 
in 1882 Violet Rebekah Lodge, No. 42, of Salinas, 
presented a memorial to the Grand Lodge petition- 
ing them for a State Grand Lodge of the degree 
of Rebekah — ; 



CALIFORNIA ODD FELLOWSHIP. 165 

"That we, the Daughters of Rebekah, may 
be brought together to advise with each 
other and have a voice in framing laws for 
the government of Rebekah degree lodges." 

The committee to whom this important subject 
was handed were not in accord, and three of them 
said: 

"The Kebekah Lodges are not a separate 
branch of the Order, but are single degree 
lodges for the purpose of conferring that 
single degree." 

The committee, unfortunately, were not far- 
sighted enough to see that the Rebekahs had before 
them a much greater work than merely conferring 
a degree. Ed M. Martin of that committee had a 
broader vision of the outlook, and presenting a 
minority report, which was adopted by the Lodge, 
he said — 

"That they should not be debarred from 
having a general gathering of the member- 
ship to consider and recommend such legis- 
lation as they deem suitable and needful 
for the promotion of that branch of our 
Order." 

As the memorial had requested, the G. L. repre- 
sentatives were instructed "to use their influence in 
securing the necessary legislation for the institut- 
ing and organizing of State Grand Lodges of 



166 CALIFORNIA ODD FELLOWSHIP. 

Rebekalis," but that proposition was six years in 
advance of the time. 

The movement was rapidly advancing, however, 
and in 1878 the first woman Noble Grand was ap- 
pointed, the S. G. L. having declared the previous 
year that women were eligible to any of the offices 
of the Lodge. This was followed in 1887 by the 
S. G. L. resolution — 

"Authorizing Grand Masters to appoint 
women as Deputy Grand Masters, with 




ORRIN S. HENDERSON. 
A member of Truth Lodge, No. 55; is a Masonic Past Grand 
Master, and the present Railroad Commissioner of the Third 
district. Now, in the prime of life, Brother Henderson is a 
true fraternal member. 



CALIFORNIA ODD FELLOWSHIP. 167 

full power to appoint their own installing 
officers." 

In accordance with that resolution, December 
12tli, 1887, Elwood Bruner, the Grand Master, 
appointed Mrs. Lizzie Condy a Past Grand mem- 
ber of Lebanon Rebekah Lodge, No. 47. As Deputy 
District Grand Master (b) she installed the oflScers 
of the Rebekah Lodges in District No. 1, in Jan- 
uary, 1888. 

Rapidly were the Rebekabs advancing to that 
position for which they had long been striving, 
namely, an organization separate and apart from 
the Grand Lodge, and their object was attained in 
1888, the Sovereign body that year authorizing the 
organization of what was then known as Rebekah 
conventions. In the following year, 1889, a resolu- 
don was offered and referred to the Committee on 
State of the Order, that the Rebekah Lodges be 
authorized to hold annually a Rebekah convention. 
The committee, 11. T. Dorrance, John Glasson, 
Samuel Pollock and S. B. Smith, recommended— 

"That such convention be held, as we be- 
lieve it would result to the benefit of the 
Rebekah Lodges." 

This committee were so slow in handing in their 
report, the last day, no action was taken by the 
Grand Ixnige. 



168 CALIFORNIA ODD FELLOWSHIP. 

In the following year, however, the Lodge author- 
ized Grand Master Glasson to call a convention, 
and in his proclamation he declared — 

"Now, therefore, I, John Glasson, Grand 
Master, * * * do hereby issue this 
proclamation, for the election of delegates 
to a degree of Rebekah State convention, 
to assemble in San Francisco May 12th, 
1891, in Covenant hall. Odd Fellows' 
building." 

At the time appointed 157 delegates, representing 
101 Rebekah Lodges, assembled in Memorial hall 
and elected as temporary officers of their conven- 
tion, the same being chosen as permanent officers, 
the following Rebekahs: President, Mrs. Mary T. 
Lyon of Templar, No. 19; Vice-President, Mrs. 
Emma Brooks of Isabella, No. 17; Secretary, Mrs. 
Mary E. Donoho of Vacaville, No. 80; Treasurer^ 
Mrs. Sallie Wolf of Rising Star, No. 8; Executive 
Committee : Ella V. Engle of Byron, Harriet Bruce, 
Chico; Etta Tinkham, Stockton; Emily Gray, 
Santa Cruz; Maggie Rider, Los Angeles; Electa 
Butler, Folsom, and Anna Graves, Visalia. 

For several years the conventions were obliged to 
ask the approval of the Grand Lodge for every act 
performed. But in 1894 the Sovereign body re- 
solved "to give the women a chance." "For," as 
Grand Master Lloyd said, 



CALIFORNIA ODD FELLOWSHIP. 169 

"When women control a lodge, and know 
they have to rely upon themselves, they 
are equal to the occasion" (c). 

And the Supreme body adopted a resolution author- 
izing Grand Lodges in those jurisdictions where 
ten or more Rebekah Lodges are in existence to 
grant charters and institute Rebekah bodies, to be 
known as Rebekah Assemblies. Grand Master 
Simpson, 1895, saying, 

"God speed the Rebekah work," 
Recommended that the Grand Lodge charter a 
Rebekah Assembly as soon as possible. The con- 
vention petitioned the Lodge for a charter, and 
adopting the motion of Representative Louderback, 
they ordered a charter issued to the Rebekah Assem- 
bly. The following were its first officers: Fannie 
Benjamin, President; Marion Greenwood, Vice- 
President; Mary E. Donoho, Secretary, and Anna 
M. Liese, Treasurer. 

The first and the grandest Avork of the new body 
was the building of an orphans' home at Gilroy, for 
the children of Odd Fellows, a plot of ground of 
five acres having been donated to the convention for 
that purpose by Mrs. Caroline A. Hoxett of Unity 
Rebekah I^dge, No. 24. The convention in 1896 
petitioned the Grand Ix>dge to grant them the 
power to "locate, estiiblish and control an orphans' 
home, and to receive contributions and donations 



170 CALIFORNIA ODD FELLOWSHIP. 

for that purpose." The motion of Representative 
Louderback, that their petition be granted, was by 
the Lodge adopted. "And/' said Grand Master 
Warboys — 

"With their usual energy and enthusiasm 
for all good works, began the task, and 
notwithstanding the hard times, raised the 
. money." 

The contract was let, and May 8th, 1897, the 
Rebekahs laid the corner stone — the only instance 
of its kind in the world's history. Three months 
later, October 27th, the building was dedicated to 
its intended noble purpose, and not a dollar of debt 
on the property. 

Perhaps I cannot better close this subject than 
by citing the words of W. W. Watson, Grand Mas- 
ter, 1901, wherein he said : 

"The Orphans' Home at Gilroy is a monu- 
ment to the work, the worth and the unsel- 
fish devotion of the Rebekahs of Califor- 
nia ; far more durable than shapely arch or 
stately spire." 

For many years the Rebekahs had a fight on 
hand; first, for a continued life, and second, for 
more freedom of action ; and during these years they 
have had a valued friend and defender in Judge 
David Louderback. He has also been free of all 
cost, their legal adviser, "and," said a Past Presi- 



CALIFORNIA Oi)t) ^ELLOWStlit'. 



m 



dent to me, "I don't know what we should have done 
without him, for his legal services and advice was 
given to us freely and cheerfully at any and all 
times.'' 

A strong, enthusiastic and ever faithful worker 
in the ranks, he is now and has been for the past 




GEO. T. SHAW, Grand Secretary. 
(Courtesy of Sunset Magazine.) 
Our genial, ever faithful Grand Secretary is an Odd Fellow 
of forty-three years' standing, he having been initiated in 
Bidwell Lodge at Oroville April 23d, 18G3. Along fraternal 
lines we next find him in San Francisco, a Past Grand of 
Abou Ben Adhem Lodge, No. 112, he joining by card December 
26th, 1867, passing through the chairs. In 1874 he represented 
No. 112 in the Grand Lodge, he the same year joining Unity 
Encampment and passed through the chairs, he having pre- 
viously traveled with Golden Gate Encampment, his first love. 
Willing to oblige, he withdrew from Abou Ben Adhem and 
May 3d, 1878, became a charter member of Myrtle, No. 275, 
and again willing to accommodate, October 6th, 1894, he be- 
came a charter member of Spartan, No. 125. Brother Shaw 
still in the prime of life, was born August 23d, 1834. 



172 CALIFORNIA ODD FELLOWSHIP. 

sixteen years, an active member; "and," as Grand 
Warden Morrow said when presenting to him the 
Past Grand Master's jewel — 

"You have always been found at some post 
of duty or labor, where you have actively 
and manfully battled for the principles 
* * * which will last * * * as 
long as man * * * shall require the 
fraternal care and assistance of his fellow 
man." 

A lawyer by profession, Past Grand Master Loud- 
erback has for many years been the chairman of the 
Committee of Appeals, and twice, 1873-97, he com- 
piled a digest for the Grand Lodge, free of cost. 



(a) In 1870 a, Providence, Rhode Island, encampment paid 
a fraternal visit to an encampment in Massachusetts, wearing 
a uniform. It created quite a stir, but as such a thing was 
illegal, complaint was made to Grand Sire Stuart, and he 
prohibited the wearing of any more uniforms. The Sovereign 
Grand Lodge sustained him in his decision, but in the follow- 
ing year, 1872, they passed a resolution permitting camps to 
wear on street parade such uniforms as might be approved 
by the Grand Encampment in their jurisdiction. The Eastern 
camps then obtained uniforms, and at the national celebration 
in 1874 they created a great sensation. Nathan Porter was 
highly pleased, and upon his return to California he urged 
the San Francisco encampment to speedily obtain uniforms. 

(b) Behind this appointment of the first woman Grand 
officer there is an interesting little story. At the time, 1884, 
G. W. Gallup of Stockton Lodge, No. 11, was Deputy District 
Grand Master. He was of the opinion that it was woman's 
place to install the officers of a Rebekah Lodge, and in a 
conversation with Grand Secretary Lyons regarding the 
matter, Lyons said, "Go ahead, he won't do anything." he 
meaning that the Grand Master would take no action to oppose 
the appointment. Upon his own responsibility Brother Gallup 
then appointed Mrs. Lizzie Condy of Lebanon Lodge, No. 47, 
as his Grand Marshal, and she assisted him in installing the 



CALIFORNIA ODD FELLOWSHIP. 173 

Rebekah Lodges throughout the district. In the following 
year E. T. Knowles of Charity, No. 6, then Deputy District 
Grand Master, appointed Mrs. Condy as Deputy District Mas- 
ter pro tern., and she appointing all women as her assistants, 
January 11th, 1886, installed the officers of Lebanon Rebekah 
Lodge, No. 47. Edward L. Gnekow of Stockton Lodge, No. 11, 
D. D. G. M., in 1888, was urged to appoint a woman as his 
assistant; but he, obtaining the decision of Grand Master 
Bruner that it was Illegal, refused to so appoint. That year, 
however, the Grand Lodge authorized the appointment of any 
woman in good standing in a district as eligible to the Deputy 
District Grand Master's office, and Mrs. Condy was Grand 
Master Bruner's first appointee. 

(c) The incident that caused Grand Master Lloyd to make 
this assertion was the mistake of a woman Vice-Grand, tem- 
porarily occupying the Noble Grand's chair, he being absent. 
She declared elected a candidate who was in fact rejected, "an 
old brother" giving her wrong information regarding the 
number of black balls necessary to reject. "I told the Vice 
Grand," says Lloyd, "to rely upon herself, and not upon a man, 
and then she would not be likely to sin any more." 



CHAPTER XI. 

The revision of the degrees — Business transaction in the 
third degree — Encinal Lodge opposes them — Lyons letter- 
perfect in the work — Grand Lodge meets at San Jose — Lodge 
on wheels — Porter scores a point — Laying corner stone of 
San Francisco temple — Splendid procession — Dedication of the 
hall — Grand Lodge crowded out of the Assembly hall. 

Odd Fellowship is ever progressive in its charac- 
ter, and one of tlie most important movements of the 
Order Avas the revision of the work. ''The wise men 
of the Order felt that the ceremonial work in this 
branch had become too cumbersome, so they re- 
solved to eliminate the less important parts and 
preserve the best." Such a revision they believed 
'Svould act as an incentive to thousands to take all 
the degrees, * * * and it will bring back 
thousands Avho have drifted out of the Order." 

Thirteen of the ablest men were appointed to per- 
form the work, and they made a complete revision 
of all of the degrees save the initiatory, this being 
left unchanged. The* Sovereign Grand Lodge 
adopted the committee report and passed a resolu- 
tion that the new work should be put into operation 
on and after January 1st, 1881 (a). 

The new work was strongly endorsed by Penn- 
sylvania, they sending circulars to that effect to all 
of the State .>urisdictions. The Grand Lodge passed 
this circular up to the Committee on State of the 



CALIFORNIA ODD FELLOWSHIP. 175 

Order — Dan M. Burns, H. T. Dorrance, George B. 
Katzenstein, H. J. Tilden and John Ellsworth. The 
three first named said "it is unnecessary to take any 
action, as the Sovereign Grand Lodge have now the 
matter under consideration." This report was not 
acceptable to the Lodge, and they not only adopted 
the minority report that — 

"The time-honored customs and rules of the 
Order should not be changed, * * * 
and we recommend that no reduction in 
the degrees be made." 

But they instructed their representatives to urge 
and vote against the adoption of any change in the 
Avork, "For," says Barnes, "it Avill take |50,000 to 
cover the expense." The Eastern jurisdictions Avisely 
concluded that the increase in membership would 
more than cover the expense, and every State voting 
for the change except California, the resolution 
passed 131 to 6. 

When our representatives, W. W. Morrow and 
Grove L. Johnson, returned to California from the 
Supreme session of 1881 and informed the brothers 
that on and after July 1st, 1882, all busineiss trans- 
actions must be transacted in the third degree, then 
there was more trouble, imaginary, however, with 
a few, "Why," says Brother Barnes, "this is a 
measure calculated to retard the growth of the 
Order." But the committee— John Ellsworth, 



176 CALIFORNIA ODD FELLOWSHIP. 

PI. T. Dorrance, J. J. De Haven and E. M. Martin, 
regarded it as a wise measure, as 

"Doing business in the third degree will 
have a strong tendency to cause brothers 
to take that degree, and that after having 
taken them they will feel a greater interest 
in the Order" (b). 

The Lodge approved of the committee report, but 
as this w^as a very important matter, they also 
accepted Representative Allbright's resolution and 
obtained the opinion of each subordinate lodge 
"as to the advantage or disadvantage of working in 
the third degree." The result, to many, was a great 
surprise, for 1 01 lodges, representing 8,^^10 brothers, 
said "Work in the third degree," while only 34 
lodges, with a membership of 3,465, opposed it. 

The ritualistic work, decreased from six to four 
degrees, seemed to give satisfaction to all the sub- 
ordinate lodges except Encinal, No. 164, the lodge 
instituted by Nathan Porter. They said after a 
trial of the work for three years : "The present init- 
iatory work, and work of the degrees, is inferior to 
the former work. Instruct and urge upon our S. G. 
representatives the propriety of remodeling and 
simplifying the work." They evidently had been 
performing the work in a very indifferent and list- 
less manner, for the Grand Lodge replied through 



CALIFORNIA ODD FELLOWSHIP. 177 

their committee, Elwood Bruner, C. T. McEachran 

and J. N. E. Wilson : 

"We believe it would be unwise and im- 
politic to make any change; and Ave believe 
that if the lodge officers will make a study 
of the work, no desire will be expressed for 
a change." 

The Grand ^faster who had the difficult task of 
putting the new work into operation was Ezra Pear- 
son ; but he had a thoroughly competent adviser and 
assistant in the Grand Secretary, W. B. Lyons. He 
was a brother of splendid executive ability and a 
very strong memory, and because of this fact he was 
sent as a representative to the Sovereign Grand 
Lodge, expressly to learn the new work. Learning 
it letter perfect, he returned to California, and, 
exceedingly proud of Odd Fellowship in California, 
he declared : "It is and ever will be my pride and 
ambition to do my utmost in having the reputation 
of California Odd Fellowship for good and correct 
work maintained at its present standard." Lyons 
became a most valuable assistant to all incoming 
Grand Masters, and highly they praised his ser- 
vices. Grand Representative W. W. MorroAv, upon 
his return from the Supreme body, said : 

"I take pleasure in mentioning the industry 
arid zeal of Representative l^yons * * ♦ 
in acquiring a knowledge of, and introduc- 
ing the new work into this jurisdiction." 



178 CALIFORNIA ODD FELLOWSHIP. 

And Grand Master Lloyd, in speaking of Lyons' 
memory, declared: 

^'I found Brother Lyons a walking ency- 
clopedia of the law and literature of Odd 
Fellowship * * * and so well versed 
in the ritual that, were the original lost, he 
could from memory supply a correct copy." 

The Lodge, appreciating the zeal and ability of 
the Grand Secretar^^, presented him, on the last day 
of the session of 1881, with a beautiful Past Grand 
Representative's jewel and collar, Charles H. Ran- 
dall, Pa^t Grand Master, making the presentation 
speech. 

The sessions of the Grand Lodge at that time 
were held in Dashaway hall, San Francisco, and in 
1882, by invitation of the Santa Clara county lodges 
the Lodge voted to assemble in 1883 in San Jose, 
the Garden City. 

There the Representatives assembled, and, cor- 
dially welcomed by the Santa Clara brethren. May 
10th the Lodge was tendered a reception in the San 
Jose theater. It was a splendid treat, and by unani- 
mous vote the Lodge declared — 

^That the sincere and hearty thanks of this 
Grand Lodge be hereby tendered to the 
Odd Fellows of Santa Clara, for their 
many courtesies, * * * and particu- 



CALIFORNIA ODD FELLOWSHIP. 179 

larly for the unique, elegant and highly 
enjoyable entertainment. * * " 

This Avas the last session of the Grand Lodge out- 
side of San Francisco, for in that year they adopted 
a constitutional amendment that — 

"Hereafter the Lodge will hold its regular 
convocations at the City of San Francisco." 

Previous to this time, they had been holding their 
sessions in the larger cities of the State (c), and 
time and again efforts were made by the represen- 
tatives of the different sections to have passed a 
constitutional amendment locating the Lodge 
permanently in their particular city, but all of their 
schemes failed until 1883. 

The first skirmish for permanent location took 
place in the year of the Vigilance Committee excite- 
ment, 1856, the Grand Lodge then sitting at Marys- 
ville. Daniel McLaren of Sacramento, No. 2, then 
endeavored to have an amendment passed that the 
Grand body meet alternately at Sacramento and 
San Francisco; but there was so much strife over 
the matter, the Lodge leaving the question un- 
settled, did not even vote upon the next place of 
assembly. 

In 1867 Aaron A.. Sargent of Oustomach Lodge, 
No. 16, who had previously strongly advocated the 
interests of the mountain lodges, now deserted 



180 CALIFORNIA ODD FELLOWSHIP. 

them, and he called up the resolution offered by 
Billings of Santa Clara Lodge two years previous, 
"that the Grand I^odge be permanently located at 
San Francisco." The resolution was voted down 
by a vote of 171 to 124, but the following day 
Nathan Porter scored a point for San Francisco by 
his resolution, which was carried — 

"That hereafter, unless otherwise ordered 
by a vote of the Grand Lodge, the annual 
convocation thereof shall be held in the 
City of San Francisco." 

It was a bright idea, successfully planned, and 
whenever the "city" representatives desired the 
Grand Lodge to there assemble they simply pre- 
vented any voting for the following year's as- 
semblage. 

Many, many times there was a contest over this 
question of location, and I might fill pages regard- 
ing it, hence it was that many delegates were 
pleased when the Lodge voted to "move about no 
more" and found a home in San Francisco. What 
the promises made, what the inducements, if any, 
it is difficult at this late day to learn. A magnifi- 
cent temple was in sight, an Odd Fellows' home for 
all time, and May 14th, 1884, the corner store w^as 
laid. 

It was a great day for San Francisco, a day of 
jubilee for California Odd Fellowship, and Gover- 



CALIFORNIA ODD FELLOWSHIP. 



181 



nor George Stoneman declaring it a legal holiday, 
the public schools, business houses and banks closed 
their doors, the courts adjourned, and the San Fran- 




GEO. W. GALLUP, P. G. R. 
For nearly thirty years Brother Gallup has been a faithful, 
prominent worker in the ranks of the Order. Initiated in 
Ophir, No. 171, January 24th, 1877, three years later he joined 
Stockton, No. 11, by withdrawal card,and elected that night 
as Conductor, he has been almost continuously in office since 
that time. For several terms he has been President of the 
Relief Committee. In 1884 he became a representative to the 
Grand Lodge, and for several years he has been on one of the 
most important committees, that of Instructor. Brother Gallup 
is not only a worker, but he is also high authority on Odd 
Fellow law, both in the subordinate and the Rebekah Lodge, 
he being one of the charter members of Rainbow Rebekah, 
No. 97. 

Cisco steamboat and railroad companies, as far as 
possible, gave their employes a holiday, hundreds 
of them being Odd Fellows. 

The San Francisco press, especially the New Age, 



1^2 CALIFORNIA ODD FELLOWSHit*. 

( 'all and Chronicle, published Odd FelloAv editions, 
the paper last named giving one-half of its sixty- 
four pages to the history of State and National Odd 
Fellowship. Delegations from all of the lodges of 
the Order were present (d) , even from the boundary 
lines of San Diego, Alpine and Shasta, the home of 
Grand Master Wm. Allen and Grand Patriarch 
Samuel Isaacks (e). 

Early in the day the sidewalks were lined with 
thousands of people eager to catch the first glimpse 
of the columns that, forming on Post street, 
marched along that street to Kearney to Clay to 
Montgomery to ^larket to corner of Seventh and 
Market, where thousands more awaited the arrival 
of the procession. On the lead a drum corps 
marched, they preceding a platoon of police under 
the command of Captain Douglass. Then came the 
Grand Marshal, Reuben H. Lloyd, Past Grand Mas- 
ter, seated upon his beautiful coal-black stallion, 
he just in advance of his forty aids in their bright 
colored sashes. 

The military were a prominent feature of the 
parade. Companies A, C, F and H of the National 
Guard, together with the San Francisco Huzzars, 
liafayette Guard, San Francisco Schuetzen Verein 
and the French Zouaves, these acting as escorts to 
the German and French Odd Fellow Lodges. 

Another notable feature was the precise military 



CALIFORNIA ODD FELLOWSHIP. 183 

movements of the six Uniform Degree Camps — 
Sacramento No. 1, Chico No. 2, San Francisco 
No. 5, Neva No. 6, Manchester No. 8 and Red Bluff 
— each camp wearing sashes of purple velvet, trim- 
med with gold fringe; black felt hats with purple 
plumes, and with a sword as side arms. As they 
marched along the widest streets, the two best drilled 
camps gave an exhibition of fancy drilling, and as 
the Patriarchs turned into Market street the effect 
was described as grand. 

The subordinate lodges marched in the parade by 
counties, fifty counties being in line. In the sixth 
division rode the Grand officers, W. W. Morrow, 
Grand Master; and the seventh division contained 
the California Pioneers, the Governor of California 
(George Stoneman), the Mayor of San Francisco 
(Washington Bartlett), Past Grand Sire John B. 
Harmon (orator of the day), Clarence T. Urmy 
(the poet), and W. E. Sheridan (the reader). Past 
Grand Masters of Odd Fellowship, and State officers. 

The procession of 8,000 men halted on Market 
street as the head of the parade reached the build- 
ing, and, opening ranks, the officers of the Grand 
Lodge and the Federal and State officers marching 
through the line, took their places upon the plat- 
form. 

The ceremony of laying the corner stone was 
performed by W. W. Morrow, Grand Master; E. P. 



184 CALIFORNIA ODD FELLOWSHIP. 

Smith, Deputy Grand Master; Nathaniel Cook, 
Grand Warden ; W. B. Lyons, Grand Secretary, and 
A. F. Hitchcock, Grand Chaplain. The procession, 
reforming, then marched to the Mechanics' Pavil- 
ion, already crowded with the friends of the Order, 
and the officers succeeded in pushing their way to 
the platform through that vast audience of 12,000. 
The exercises opened with music by the band. 
The President then stepping forward, introduced 
the Chaplain, he offering a prayer. W. E. Sheridan, 
the famous actor, stepping to the front, then read 
in a loud, clear tone of voice, a forty-eight line poem 
composed by Clarence T. Urmy. It was an invoca- 
tion to the "angels three," Friendship, Love and 
Truth, and thus it closed : 

"O, angels three ; from earth and air and sky 
Gather all gifts of good and bring them nigh. 
That this fair temple may all glorious be 
A Rock of Ages by the western sea. 
******* 

Fold your weary wings, no more to roam, 
And make this temple your eternal home." 

The oration of Past Grand Sire Harmon, occupying 
some two hours in its delivery and filling twelve and 
a half pages in the journal, brevier type, was a most 
able effort, excelling his splendid oration welcom- 
ing the Sovereign Grand Lodge in 1869. 

The great day of good fellowship closed with a 



CALIFORNIA ODD FELLOWSHIP. 185 

ball in the pavilion, but so great was the "crush of 
humanity,- - as Lyons expressed it, it Avas impossible 
to commence dancing until a late hour. The pro- 
gram said there would be fancy drilling by the 
d^ree camps, but it was impossible, because of the 
crowd. 

Just two years later, March 24th, 1884, C. T. 
Pidwell, Secretary of the Odd Fellows' Association, 
invited the Grand Lodge to dedicate "our new hall 
during the official session of your Grand body." 
The Lodge accepted the invitation and adjourned at 
noon Wednesday, May 12tli, for that purpose. 

Long before the hour of dedication, 2 o'clock, the 
hall was packed. At the time appointed the stage 
was occupied by the President of the Association, 
Wm. K. Deitrich; the Building Committee, Jules 
Cerf (chairman), lleuben H. Lloyd, Robert Haight, 
W. K. Vanderslice and H. Druffel, together with 
the architect, John Wright. 

The assembly was called to order by Jules Cerf, 
and immediately the Sentinel announced Grand 
Master Cook and his officers in waiting to dedicate 
the hall. They were admitted, and talking their 
seats upon the platform, the Grand Master de- 
clared : "It is my will that the Grand Marshal and 
his Heralds appear." 

There was another movement at the door and 
the Grand Marshal, W. F. Norcross, and his 



186 CALIFORNIA ODD FELLOWSHIP. 

Heralds marched in, each Herald wearing the robes 
appropriate to his station. First came the Marshal 
in his robe of royal purple trimmed with green and 
gold; behind him, arm in arm, the Herald of the 
North, L. W. S. Downs, in a robe of pure white, and 
the Herald of the South, Leon D. Freer, in a pink 
robe; then came A. D. Smith, the Herald of the 
West, wearing a robe of blue, and by his side, 
J. N. E. Wilson, the Herald of the East, in a scarlet 
robe. For the first time, the Grand Lodge used the 
beautiful dedication ceremony adopted by the 
Supreme body two years previous, and its beauty 
was increased by the male singing voices of the 
Eureka quartette. At the conclusion of the cere- 
mony J. E. Benton, Past Grand of Oakland, 
No. 118, delivered a short address, and the audience 
then joined in singing the doxology and were dis- 
missed. 

The magnificent building had been constructed 
with a large assembly hall so arranged that it could 
be used as the assembling place of the Grand Lodge, 
having committee rooms, tables and every necessary 
convenience. There the Lodge annually met until 
1903, at which time the representatives were much 
surprised and provoked to learn that they must 
meet in B'nai B'rith hall, as the assembly hall, 
which was in a certain sense sacred to Odd Fellow- 
ship, had been leased for a term of years to a ten- 



CALlF^OllNlA Ot)D F^ELLOWSttlf . 18? 

cent variety show. It was stipulated in the lease 
that the variety show should vacate the first week 
in May for the Grand Lodge, and the show, putting 
in scenery and fastening the seats to the floor, it was 
found impossible to vacate for only one week, 
except at a heavj- expense. 

Hence the Grand Lodge of California, one of the 
gmndest organizations in the world, whose member- 
ship embraced tl^e most intelligent, most high- 
minded men of the State, must needs step down and 
out for a vile, character corrupting ten-cent show! 
Was it not humiliating? Is it a matter of surprise 
that many of the representatives were hot? 
Methinks not And Avhen they assembled in the 
Jewish hall. Grove L. Johnson of Capitol Lodge, 
No. 87,' presented an amendment to the constitution, 
"that this Grand Ix)dge shall hold regular annual 
communications at such place as the Grand Lodge 
nmy by a vote select.-' The Committee on Legisla- 
tion — O. B. Parkinson of Stockton, W. W. Phelps 
of Riverside, H. G. ^^ ulff of Sacramento and A. M. 
Drew of Fresno — to whom the amendme^it was 
referred, rcM^ommended the adoption of the amend- 
ment The Lodge were disposed to be charitable 
towards the association, and they voted Johnson's 
r(»solution down, accepting in place of it by unani- 
mous consent Representative Ogden's resolution: 
"That it is the sense of this Grand Lodge 



188 CALIFORNIA ODD FELLOWSHIP. 

that all future meetings thereof be held in 
that temple erected to commemorate and 
perpetuate the virtues and beauties of Odd 
Fellowship, the Odd Fellows' building of 
San Francisco." 

It was a foolish resolution, unless presented as a 
joke, as the Trustees could not brush aside the lease. 
And so, in 1904, they reported : 

"The place to hold our sessions has been a 
matter of deep consideration, * * * 
but the assembly hall, as now arranged, 
could not now be made suitable for the 
uses of the Grand Lodge. Then, again, we 
could not have the use of it after Friday 
nighf 

Many of the representatives would stand no more 
trifling — San Francisco appeared to be asleep — and 
in 1905 Johnson again introduced his amendment 
to the constitution — 

"That the regular annual communications 
be held at San Francisco, or some other 
locj^lity, as may be selected by the Grand 
Lodge, and that for 1906 the Grand Lodge 
be held in Los Angeles, provided the first 
amendment be approved." 

For the first time in its history San Francisco 
was a contestant against the State, Los Angeles her 
opponent, and she won out by only a scratch. Four 



CALIFORNIA ODD FELLOWSHIP. 189 

Imndred and ninety-eight votes were cast, 331 in 
favor of tlie amendment, only 167 against, 332 votes 
being necessary to carry it (f). The Rebekah 
assembly, believing the amendment would carry, 
voted to assemble in Los Angeles in 1906. The end 
is not yet, unless San Francisco gets a move on. 



(a) Some delay was experienced in receiving the new 
work, and it did not reach the Grand Secretary until January 
24th. The first lodge to put the revision upon the floor was 
Capay Lodge, No. 30. By Wells-Fargo's Express they received 
the rituals the day of their regular meeting, and that evening, 
February 26th, they initiated a candidate. 

(b) The committee were certa;inly correct, for the author 
himself, four years a member, did not take the degrees until 
the new law was passed. Then in San Francisco they were 
conferred upon him by Excelsior Degree Lodge, No. 1, M. T. 
Moses being the Degree Master. 

(c) The Grand Lodge was held in the following cities in 
the years named, crediting to San Francisco the years not 
named: 

Vallejo, 1874. 

Marysville, 1856, 1862. 

San Jose, 1872, 1883. 

Stockton, 1855, 1857. 

Sacramento, 1854, 1858, 1860, 1864, 1871. 

(d) The San Joaquin county Odd Fellows chartered the 
steamer Centennial for the occasion, and May 1st, they gave 
an excursion around the bay, the Grand Lodge accompanying 
them. 

Uniform Degree Camp, No. 5, set a free lunch each day 
in B'nai B'rith hall, to which all brethren were invited. 

(e) Samuel Isaacks, from Shasta, was a prominent 
brother, and his letter to the New Age, August 15th, 1875, after 
receiving his jewel as Grand Patriarch, shows the sturdy, 
manly character of the pioneers. In this letter he says: 
"You should come up here and see me at work with my 
sleeves rolled up, ready for any kind of work — shoeing a mule 
that Can kick a ten-cent piece off your head, or going into the 
lodges and giving degrees half the night, when the thermom- 
eter stands at 106. How is that for hot. I have received my 



190 CALIFORNIA ODD FELLOWSHIP. 

jewel, voted me by the Grand Encampment, and it is a perfect 
beauty to look at." 

(f) All the Grand oflficers stood pat, except Deputy Grand 
Master W. W. Phelps and C. W. Baker, Sacramento's Grand 
Representative. All the Past Grand Masters present — Karl C. 
Brueck, A. M. Drew, W. A. Bonynge, Wm. Nichols, Milton G. 
Gill and J. W. Warboys — voted for the amendment, except 
David Louderback. One of the Los Angeles delegates changed 
his colors, and a representative of No. 6 was sight seeing. 




ANDREW WOLF. 

Brother Wolf, now 85 years of age, is the only living repre- 
sentative of the first Grand Encampment. He is, also, one of 
the oldest California Odd Fellows, he having been a continuous 
member since his initiation in Buckeye Lodge, No. 45, Ohio, 
September 3d, 1845. 



CHAPTER XII. 

San Francisco's decreasing fraternal influence — Death of 
Deputy Grand Master Gault — Sovereign Grand Lodge invited 
to assemble in Los Angeles — Grand officers visit California — 
San Francisco unhappy — Sovereign Grand Lodge convenes in 
Southland — The Odd Fellows' Home — A school for orphan 
children — San Francisco lodges will not give a dollar — They 
select a home for the Grand Lodge — Napa chosen as a home 
site — Lodge appoints a special committee on home — Rudolph 
Gnekow donates land — Committee accepts the Thermalito 
property — Kick about the Chinese — Investigating Committee 
reports on home — Santa Clara Odd Fellows' generous gift — 
Water everywhere, but none to drink — The White tract money 
returned. 

The largeness of San Francisco in wealth, popu- 
lation and fraternal numbers gave them the power 
for many years to take what they wanted. First, 
the mountain camps, with their large numbers of 
grand, whole souled Odd Fellows, were the pre- 
dominating factor; but the decreasing value of the 
gold mines caused a flow of the mountain popula- 
tion to the valleys and large cities. Then San Fran- 
cisco held sway. But noAV the swing of the tide is 
moving beyond the Tehachapi, and fast the South- 
land is pre<lominating not only in fraternal but in 
political affairs. "The territory once inhabited by 
indolent Indians and sleepy, dreaming Mexicans" 
has grown to a progressive, enterprising, hustling 
section of business men, and the litle band of seven 
brothers that founded Los Angeles, No. 35, in 1855, 
has now increased, last report, to fifty-seven sub- 
ordinate lodges, with a membership of 5,788. 



192 CALIFORNIA ODD FELLOWSHIP. 

Their ambitions are high, their aims lofty, and 
they believe that the only way to obtain anything 
of value is to ask and then work for it. With this 
idea in view the thirty-seven representatives to the 
Grand Lodge of 1887 resolved that the Grand Mas- 
ter of 1890 should for a second time hail from the 
south, C. W. Dannals having been elected from San 
Juan Lodge, No. 67, in 1870. They selected for that 
office Charles E. Gault of Golden Rule, No. 160, a 
very popular and energetic employee of Wells- 
Fargo's Express, and nominated for Grand Warden 
by H. T. Dorrance of No. 6, he received 230 of the 
416 votes cast. Death again stepped in to vacate 
the chair, and for the second time, March 20th, 1890, 
a Deputy Grand Master crossed to the beyond (a). 

Gault was the leader in the movement to have the 
Sovereign Grand Lodge assemble in Los Angeks in 
1888, and his resolution, presented to his OAvn lodge, 
Golden Rule, No. 160, was adopted by all the Los 
Angeles lodges: "That the Grand Representatives 
* * * be requested * * * to have the next 
session of the S. G. L. held at Los Angeles, Cali- 
fornia, as it Avould be for the best interests of the 
Order, * * * and especially of Southern Cali- 
fornia that a session be held in this place." When 
the highest body met at Denver, Colorado, the Cali- 
fornia representatives — Wesley Minta of Stockton, 
W. W. Lyman of Sonoma, Leon D. Freer of Oroville 



CALIFORNIA ODD FELLOWSHIP. 193 

and Charles H. Randall of Sonora — moved the 
adoption of a resolution that the Sovereign Grand 
Lodge session of 1888 be held in the city of Los An- 
geles, California. The resolution was adopted by 
a vote of 98 to 49, although Representative Good- 
win of Georgia, since Grand Sire, now Grand Sec- 
retary, endeavored to kill the resolution by his 
amendment ^'provided their expenses be not greater 
than their expenses at Denver." When the Los 
Angeles brethren heard by telegram of the result 
they celebrated in great style. 

Immediately after the close of the Sovereign 
CJrand Lodge session. Grand Sire John H. White, 
Deputy Grand Sire John C. Underwood, Brigadier 
General Russell, and several more noted Odd Fel- 
lows visited California to overlook the field and 
make ready for the coming event. They reached 
the Golden State by the southern route, and at Los 
Angeles they were given a rousing ovation. On 
arrival at San Francisco October 3d, they were 
royally welcomed and escorted to the Palace hotel 
by the Patriarch Militant. In the evening a vast 
audience greeted the visitors and speeches were 
made by the Grand officers. Mayor Pond and Grand 
Master Elwood Bruner. 

On the afternoon following. Templar Rebekah 
D^ree Lodge held a special meeting in the Odd 
Fellows' hall, for the entertainment of the visitors, 



194 CALIFORNIA ODD FELLOWSHIP, 

and put upon the floor the "California beautified 
work." The work and the manner in which it was 
performed w^as highly praised by the Grand officers. 
The entertaining of the guests closed Wednesday 
evening, October 5th, at which time Golden West 
Lodge, No. 322, composed of native sons, held a 
special meeting and conferred the degrees, (b) 

The action of the Supreme body in voting to meet 
in Los Angeles made the San Francisco brethren 
very "unhappy," for they believed the City of 
Angeles was not a proper place for the assembling 
of so distinguished a body ; they should have met in 
San Francisco. The audacity of Los Angeles for 
requesting such a result was commented on, and 
they endeavored to have the place of convocation 
changed to San Francisco. This called forth from 
the reception committee a pretty severe response, 
and tliey declared, "that notwithstanding the feel- 
ing, the meeting will take place; the location can 
not be changed, as it has become a State matter, 
and this Grand lodge must take control of the 
situation * * * and achieve success for us 
next September." The committee report was 
adopted after a Yerj spirited discussion, although 
an effort was made to have stricken out the words, 
"the location cannot be changed." 

The Lodge arrived at Los Angeles March 17th, 
and assembled in Turn Verein hall, 55 Grand 



CALIFORNIA ODD FELLOWSHIP. 195 

Lodges and 41 Eiicampments represented. A 
reception was tendered them that evening in the 
Academy of Music, and addresses of welcome made 
by Lieutenant-Governor Stephen J. White, Mayor 
Work of Los Angeles and Reuben H. Lloyd, to all 
of which Grand Sire White responded. A parade 
two miles in length took place the next da^^, and it 
was witnessed by 150,000 people. The visitors were 
sliown all of the sights of Los Angeles, and excur- 
sions, socials and concerts took up and occupied all 
of the leisure time of the guests. 

"The Sovereign Grand Lodge Avere accorded 
many receptions," said Grand Master Lloyd; "and 
I am satisfietl it conferred an estimable benefit on 
us, in awakening in the people a large and rencAved 
interest in the Order." 

On a high bluff of the Avest bank of the Feather 
riA'er, opposite the old mining camp of Oroville, 
stands the Odd Fellows' Home. "The buildings, 
beautiful in architectural design and palatial in 
extent, said DreAV, were erected in the seventies by 
the Thermalito Colony Company, as an inducement 
for colonists to there locate, the hotel being knoAvn 
as the Bella Vista, tAvo Spanish Avords, meaning 
"pretty view." It is indeed a pretty vieAV. "Its 
location is as beautiful as described," said Gosbey, 
while Linscott Avrote, saying, "What a iK^autiful 
spot. It is beautifully located, and has a magnifi- 



196 CALIFORNIA ODD FELLOWSHIP. 

cent vieAv of the surrounding country; its orange- 
laden groves, its distant green hills, its valley 
dotted Avith farms and dwellings and the broad 
river flowing near." 

The Building Committee on 'November 24th 
found the orange growers actively engaged in pick- 
ing and packing their fruit, and we "feasted upon 
luscious ripe oranges, plucked fresh from the 
trees." At Thermalito oranges ripen earlier than 
in any other part of the State, yet the climate in 
summer is unbearably hot, both night and day, and 
malaria fills the soft balmy air. Hence it was that 
this beautiful building, in its lovely location, was 
abandoned nearly complete, after an expenditure 
of over 120,000, later to be accepted free of cost as 
an Odd Fellows' Home. 

The story of the Home is long, extending over a 
period of thirty years, and I can but touch upon a 
few of the leading events; but as we are still look- 
ing for a "home," let us learn by the experiences of 
the past, to observe that good, old Latin proverb, 
"Hasten slowly," and then follow David Crockett's 
advice, "Be sure you are right, then go ahead." 

In 1859 the flourishing little Lodges, Volcano, 
No. 25, and Lancha Plana, No. 95, made inquiry 
"regarding the expediency of establishing a school 
for the orphans and children of Odd Fellows." The 
question was discussed until 1870, at which time 



CALIFORNIA ODD FELLOWSHIP. 197 

Orand Master Haswell said, "We should provide 
for the support and education of orphans. We also 
need a home for the aged and infirm, and all could 
be supplied by a single institution." The Overland 
railroad was that year completed, and the Lodge, 
as well as Haswell, believed thousands of Odd 
Fellows would rush to California, many of them 
aged and infirm. A Home Committee was 
appointed, and they accepted John B. Frisbie's 
proposition for a home site at Vallejo, Frisbie 
anticipating a fortune at the Grand Lodge expense. 
The Lodge, on motion of H. G. Tilden, voted 
( including the 118 representatives from the 14 San 
Francisco lodges) to "accept the Frisbie proposi- 
tion, and take the necessary steps to carry out the 
sama" Fortunately, the San Francisco Lodges, 
suspicioning that the Grand Lodge was being 
"buncoed," sent a man to spy out the land. He 
returned and reported that the location was 
undesirable, the climate cold and chilly and 
Frisbie's land worth not a quarter the Lodge had 
agreed to pay for it Other expei-ts confirmed this 
unfavorable report, and July 9th, 1870, the San 
P^rancisco Lodges called a mass convention and 
passed a resolution "that the Frisbie proposition is 
an inadvisable one and not entitled to our support." 
They then requested the Grand I^odge Home Com- 
mittee "to stay all furtlier proceedings,'' as the San 



198 CALIFORNIA ODD FELLOWSHIP. 

Francisco Lodges would ''not take a single share in 
the enterprise of the Grand Lodge at Yallejo." The 
committee did as requested, they declaring that as 
the San Francisco Lodges represented at least 
one- third of the wealth and membership of the 
Order, such a "stupendous undertaking" could not 
be carried on without their co-operation. 

Later San Francisco Lodge, No. 3, took up the 
liome proposition, and August 3rd they called a sec- 
and convention. Officers were elected, with John A. 
^McClelland as President and Cliarles A. Sumner 
as Secretary, and appointing an Executive Com- 
mittee; they advertised for bids or donations for 
an Odd Fellows' College and Home. They received 
fifty-two propositions, among them Stockton, Sac- 
ramento, Gilroy, Vallejo, Los Angeles, Decoto, now 
the Masonic Home, and other points. The com- 
mittee, at their own expense and the expense of the 
Odd Fellows of the localities visited, continued 
their junketing trips for over three months. They 
had a fine time, and Napa, Avith its brass band 
and grape-covered banquet hall, captured the com- 
mittee. Returning to San Francisco, they voted 
for the Kilburn tract of 200 acres of land, and 
130,000 in cash, the citizens and Odd Fellows of 
Napa promising to give land free and money, pro- 
vided the Grand Lodge erected buildings upon the 
site, in value not less than |100,000 before May 1st, 



20() CALIFORNIA ODD FELLOWSHIP. 

1873. Mark you, the Grand Lodge had not author- 
ized a single part of this transaction, yet this com- 
mittee, going before the Grand Body, easily had 
their acts approved. Sacramento put in a bid for 
the home (c) but Napa easily won it, by a vote 
of 460 to 80. 

A Board of twenty-four Trustees was then ap- 
pointed and incorporating September 21st, 1871, 
they elected Newton Booth, President ; John A. Mc- 
Clelland, Vice-President; Charles N. Fox, Secre- 
tary; and Abram Block, President of the Odd 
Fellows' Savings Bank, Treasurer. The Board 
went out of existence in 1880, by the adoption of 
the ne\v State Constitution, the home still a dream, 
for nothing had been accomplished. 

In the meantime the idea of a college was given 
up, because of the Berkeley College of California, 
and the orphans' home idea had been abandoned 
because more able financiers, the Rebekahs, had 
that subject in hand. The home project took a 
tangible shape in 1892. That year the Lodge 
adopted the suggestion of Fred J. Moll Sr., after- 
ward a superintendent at the home, ^'that such 
amendment be made to the Constitution as will 
permit the building of a home and the assessment 
of members." A special committee, appointed on 
tliis subject, reported in 1894, that a Board of five 
Trustees be selected to procure a home site. 



CALIFORNIA ODD FELLOWSHIP. 20i 

The committee, Reuben H. Lloyd, William H. 
Barnes, Charles N. Fox, S. B. Smith and W. F. 
Norcross, sent out to each I^dge a list of questions 
bearing relation to the home question, expecting 
a return answer from each Lodge. The response 
was very unsatisfactory. They also called for 
donations or bids, for improved or unimproved 
properties on sale. Only one donator responded, 
Rudolph Gnekow of Stockton, No. 11, he offering 
free a twenty-acre plot of fertile unimproved land 
two miles from Stockton. Accompanying the offer, 
if accepted, Avas the promise of the San Joaquin 
Judges to pay cash' |4,800.()0. fd) Splendid 
improved properties, at a rather high price, was 
offered in Santa Clara, Los Angeles, Sonoma and 
Marin counties, and said tlie committee, '^eacli of 
v,hich could be made immediately available for the 
purposes of a home." ''The committee l)elieved it 
would be folly to purcliase or accept naked land 
and attempt to erect buildings for our use when we 
can save at least one-third of the cost of new build- 
ings by purchasing improved property.'' 

Laboring under that delusive idea, they rec^eived 
a letter from Oroville, stating that the Thermalito 
property was theirs free of cost. They visited the 
spot, were glamored by the ''Bella Vista," a fine, 
large building and eight acres of land, and fetisting 



202 CALIFORNIA ODD FELLOWSHIP. 

"upon luscious ripe oranges, plucked fresh from the 
trees," they returned to San Francisco and by a 
vote of four to one, accepted the Thermalito gift. 
They did not stop to consider why a |32,000 hotel, 
nearly finished, had been given away. Had they so 
considered, they would have saved the Grand Lodge 
thousands of dollars and the warm brotherly dis- 
cussions of the past five years. 

The Grand Lodge approved of the committee's 
action, and assessed each member 55 cents for the 
maintenance and support of the home. It was 
opened for the reception of old brothers and sisters 
November, 1895, and fifty-three persons found a 
home. Before six months had passed there were 
murmurings of discontent, and the superintendent 
was changed. Then came the kick about the 
employment of Chinese in the laundry, and in 1897 
Representative Burns' resolution carried, that in 
the future no Chinese be employed upon the 
premises. 

Then came the complaints that would not be 
quieted, the hot, sultry summer days and nights; 
chilling winters; the crowded condition of the 
building, three and four in an attic room ; the great 
danger from fire; the unsanitary condition of the 
place; the poisonous air that came from the river 
and the malaria that kept many of the brothers 
continuously sick. 



CALiFOkNiA Ot)t> ^BLLOWSHlt*. 20^ 

One excited representative wanted the home 
closed immediately and no more money there 
expended. The Grand Lodge adopted the more 
sensible resolution, that an investigating com- 
mittee be apj)ointed, they to report on or before 
Marcli, 1899. The special committee report was 
very unfavorable and W. \\\ Plielps favored the 
removal of the home, and that the standing com- 
mittee be authorized to select and build a new home 
during the year 1900. His resolution was lost, 
290 to 201, the Lodge accepting the recommendation 
of the special committee, that no more land be 
purchased or unnecessary money be expended dur- 
ing the next live years, the colony agreeing to give 
the Grand Lodge a deed of the property, at the 
expiration of that time, if it still he considered 
undesirable. 

The Grand Lodge of 1900 authorized Grand 
Master AVatson to appoint a special committee to 
call for bids and examine liome sites. ''As the home 
is practically full," Alexander declared in his reso- 
lution. The committee appointed, J. G. Kellogg 
and John Thompscm of San Francisco, A. M. Drew 
of Fresno, (ieorge W. Stockwell of Los Angeles 
and J. H. Mitchell of Willows, after examining a 
large number of tracts, improved and unimproved, 
recommended "the White ranch as the most desir- 
able." The Santa Clara County Odd Fellows 



204 CALIFORNIA ODD FELLOWSHIP. 

offered to deed this ranch free to the Grand Lodge, 
provided they would erect suitable buildings on or 
before September, 1902. The Lodge accepted the 
gift of 1901, and October 1st, at a public reception 
in San Jose, Judge M. H. Hyland in a pleasing 
address, presented the deed to William Nichols, 
Grand Master, the address being followed by liter- 
ary exercises and a banquet. 

As the Lodge did not carry out the conditions 
within the time limit. Representative S. V. More- 
land, acting for the donators, petitioned the Lodge 
of 1903 to do one of three things, either build, 
reconvey to him the deed or give him the amount 
paid by the contributors, |13,227. The Lodge now 
got down to business, and by a vote of 395 to 224, 
they resolved to commence building on or before 
September, 1903, they also levying a new home tax 
of 30 cents per member. 

In the meantime the Trustees had been feeling its 
way by sounding the members of all the Lodges, 
and of the very few who took any interest whatever, 
3,612 said abandon the Thermalito Home, 6,661 
said do not build cheap buildings at the new home, 
and 4086 said build of brick or stone, while 3068 
voted to make Thermalito a supplemental home, 
194 voted for cheap buildings on the new site and 
2427 voted against brick or stone material. 

The Trustees were authorized to proceed with the 



CALIFORNIA ODD FELLOWSHIP. 205 

Dew buildino', and as a large amouut of pure, whole- 
some water would be necessary for home use, they 
began boring wells. After expending |2,968 they 
gave up the job, as every well bored was heavily 
impregnated with minerals. This "bad luck" was 
reported to the I.XKige and by resolution the Lodge 
kept the land and returned to the Santa Clara 
contributors the money by them contributed. As 
this money was taken from the new home fund, 
Kepresentative M. T. Moses protested and took an 
appeal from the decision of the Grand Lodge to the 
Sovereign Grand Lodge. "We still have the White 
tract," said the Trustees in 1905. 

(a) Charles Gault died at Beaumont, near Los Angeles, 
March 20th, 1890, at the age of 31. His funeral on Sunday, 
the 22d, was attended by Grand Secretary Lyons and Grand 
Treasurer George Lamont, they conducting the funeral service 
in the Odd Fellows' new cemetery. The honored services were 
held in the Methodist Episcopal church, conducted by Revs. 
J. M. Hilbrish, R. H. Cantine and Wm. A. Knighten, the last 
named preaching the funeral sermon. 

(b) The work was arranged by Past Grand H. D. Richard- 
son and his wife of Vallejo. The lodges who saw the work 
were highly pleased with it, and in 1888 it was exemplified 
before the Grand Lodge, in the German language, by German 
Rebekah Degree Lodge, No. 31, and in English by Oriental 
Rebekah, No. 90. As the Sovereign Grand Lodge had adopted 
no set form of work, they believing it best to leave the matter 
to the ideas of each lodge, the friends of the work were 
anxious to have the Grand bodies see it, they hoping that the 
lodges would adopt it. 

(c) Sacramento made a very generous offer: 70 acres of 
fine land, $6,500 cash with no strings attached, and free rail- 
road transportation for all time for all orphans going to or 
from the home. 

(d) Charity, No. 6, would have given $2,000; Stockton, 
No. 11, $1,000; Truth, No. 55, $500; Progressive, No. 134, $150; 
Clements, No. 351, $50; Lebanon Rebekah, No. 41, $500, and 
Rainbow, No. 41, $100. 



CHAPTER XIII. 

No drunkard can enter here — Authority to keep out intox- 
icated brothers — No liquor in lodge room — Can saloon keepers 
join? — Fox said,"Let us blush" — What is an habitual drunkard? 
— Temperance law passed — German lodges protest — The week 
of jubilee — Death and burial of Grand Secretary Lyons — 
Election of Geo. T. Shaw — Proclamation for a 40,000 night — 
Terrible flood at Johnstown — The Galveston disaster — 
Institution of Truth Lodge — Our Golden anniversary — Third 
visit of the Sovereign Grand Lodge. 



Over the gate of the I. O. O. F. Home this sign 
might he placed, ''No Drunkard Need Apply," for 
in 1895 the Trustees adopted the rule ''that no 
wines or licjuors shall ever he kept or furnished, 
nor shall any person remain who is in the habit of 
becoming intoxicated elsewhere." Hoav many 
thousands of dollars would the lodges of California 
liave saved, money paid to sick brothei*s caused by 
liquor, had the Sovereign Grand Lodge in early 
days permitted them to enforce a rule such as that 
at the Home. Then, it is said the merchant pur- 
chased one barrel of flour in proportion to six 
barrels of whisky. All classes were heav}^ liquor 
drinkers, the Odd Fellow as well as the non-Odd 
Fellow, and the action of little Mountain Rose 
Lodge, No. 14, stands out like an oasis in the 
desert; for said Grand Master Watson, 1856, "after 
the Lodge closed we sat down to a sumptuous 
banquet * * * and as nothing stronger than 



CALIFORNIA ODD FELLOWSHIP. 207 

cold water was allowed to be drank* * * i 
cannot l)ut refrain from alluding to it, as it speaks 
>'olunies in favor of the Order in Rough and 
Keady.'^ 

No official action was taken to stamp out "this 
fearful curse of the land/' as Barnes described 
it, until 1857, the Grand Lodge that year instruct- 
ing Grand Representatives Warren Heaton and 
Samuel H. Parker to urge the passage of a law 
giving the Lodges some discretionary powers to 
refuse to admit those members of the Order who 
were in an intoxicated condition (a). The response 
that came back from the Sovereign Grand Lodge 
was very elastic, "That the Subordinate Lodges 
possess an inherent right to protect themselves 
from disorder, the want of decorum and violations 
of the ordinary proprieties of life." 

Tlie prohibition represent,atives in the Grand 
i^ody evidently were few in number, and not until 
1865 did they begin that reform now so strict in 
most secret societies, excluding any kind of liquor 
from all places over which the Lodges had any 
jurisdiction. This decision did not prohibit 
saloon-keepers from joining the Order, and as they 
numbered thousands, many of them applying for 
admission, the question was asked, as we must 
exclude liquor from our lodge rooms, must we 
admit as brothers the persons who sell the vile 



208 CALIFORNIA ODD FELLOWSHIP. 

concoction. To settle the question Haswell, who 
was a strong temperance advocate, was asked the 
question, ^'Is the keeping of a li(iuor saloon Avithin 
the meaning, intent and spirit of our laws, a 
respectable means of support." No, says the Grand 
Master : 

"For Webster says, ^respectable, is reput- 
able, honorable, worthy of respect,' and 
the saloon-keeper is none of these. Fur- 
ther, the genius of our Order forbids the 
pursuing of any calling which does not 
directly or indirectly contribute to the 
natural wants of man, or in some manner 
confer a benefit on mankind." 

If HaswelFs decision had been given in 1905 it 
v,ould have stood, but the Grand Lodge of 1869 
reversing it, said through their committee, Charles 
A. Garter, Davis Louderback, Washington Bartlett, 
Lewis Korn and Daniel McLaren, "that the busi- 
ness in question is not necessarily disreputable, 
but may be, and frequently is made so by the 
i'lanner in which it is conducted." 

This decision was an approval of the liquor 
traffic, as the business is reputable if properly con- 
ducted, said the Lodge, and this called from 
Charles N. Fox, in an oration on April 26th, a 
stinging rebuke when he said : 

"Let us blush for shame, because we have 



CALIFORNIA ODD FELLOWSHIP. 



209 



declared drunkenness is the vilest and 
most pernicious of all vices, and yet today 
so many men, wearing the regalia of Odd 
Fellows, yield to the vice of drunkenness, 
and still are permitted to be hailed by the 
endearing name of brother." 




CHARLES L. BLUETT, P. G. P. 

Brother Bluett, of Patker Encampment, No. 3, is probably 
the youngest Past Grand Patriarch in the State. At the age 
of 22 he was initiated into Stockton Lodge, No. 11, November 
14th, 1902, and installed as Noble Grand in July, 1905. He was 
at this time an officer in the encampment, and passing through 
the chairs, in July, 1906, he took his seat as sitting Past Grand 
Patriarch. 



This excerpt is from an oration delivered in 
1876, and yet no Grand Lodge action was taken, 
it was not even discussed until 1888. Previous to 
this time the Ijodges, tiring of continually paying 



210 CALIFORNIA ODD FELLOWSHIP. 

out sick benefits for liquor sickness, began an 
enforcement of law against the payment of benefits 
to habitual drunkards, and in that year Repre- 
sentative Biglow of No. 101 made inquiry, what is 
an habitual drunkard? and the committee expressed 
the Lodge opinion when they said : ^'Drunkenness 

* * * is against the principle of Odd Fellow- 
ship. The term shall be construed to mean such 
drunkenness as disqualifies a brother, a greater 
portion of his time from properly attending to 
business, and so continuing for one 3^ear." Judging 
from the laws of the present, this definition is 
rather amusing. 

So permeated were the brethren with the liquor 
habit the/ disliked to even discuss the question, 
and I do not again find the subject mentioned until 
1894, when Grand Master Simpson was asked: "If 
a person engaged in the selling of liquor, or in keep- 
ing a gambling house, was eligible to membership.'' 
''By law they cannot be kept out," he replied 
(White's digest said gamblers were not eligible) ; 
but he very adroitly continued, "it is proper to take 
into consideration that matter Avhen members cast 
their vote. The Grand Lodge learning through 
Louderback that White said saloon-keepers were 
eligible, reversed the Grand Master's decision. 

In the following year the advocates of temper- 
ance won their great victory for the Sovereign 



CALIFORNIA ODD FELLOWSHIP. 211 

Grand Lodge, declared that on and after Septem- 
ber 21st, 1895, 

"No saloon-keeper, bar-tender or pro- 
fessional <>anil)ler shall he eligible to 
membership in this Order.'' 

The enforcement of the law ^4iit hard" the Ger- 
man brethren, for hundreds of tliem were engaged 
in the business of selling and manufacturing the 
German beverage beer, which is classed as an 
intoxicant. In California many Genuans refused 
to join because of this "boycott'- of their friends, 
and many brothers withdrew from the Order 
because we "will not submit to such unjust and 
discourteous attiicks upon our personal right to 
follow a lawful business.'' The Gernmn I^odges, 
Germania, No. 116, Concordia, No. 122, Herman, 
No. 145, and Vorwatz, No. 313, through their 
Representative Mysell, declaring that "the law had 
created such a general feeling of disfavor," peti- 
tioned the Grand Lodge to instruct her repre- 
sentatives to urge a revocation of the law. If that 
be not possible, then urge an amendment by strik- 
ing out the words " bar-tender and insert thereof 
wholesale liquor dealers, distillery owners and 
operators of the same." The Lodge answered in 
the committee report, "The Sovereign Grand Ix)dge 
has already settled that question." 

In the year previous to the grand temperance 



212 CALIFORNIA ODD FELLOWSHIP. 

victory, Californians concluded that they would 
have a great Midwinter Fair in Golden Gate Park. 
The Odd FelloAvs believed it an auspicious season 
to celebrate our 74 anniversary with an unusual 
display and make the week of April 23d to the 
28th a time of jubilee. Thompson, the Grand Mas- 
ter, heartily approving of it, said : 

^'It is hoped that this celebration will call 
together the largest body of California Odd 
Fellows ever assembled, and be an honor, 
as well as a lasting benefit to the Order." 

The entire week was an Odd Fellow jubilee and 
consisted of prize contests for the best Subordinate, 
Encampment and Rebekah Degree work, and 
(Canton drills. April 26th was the great day. 
Excursion trains were run to San Francisco, and 
a large representation was present from the various 
interior Lodges. The procession, consisting of the 
Patriarch Militant, tlie Encampments, Subordinate 
Lodges and Rebekahs, with beautiful floats, was 
one of the finest and largest ever seen upon this 
coast. Marching to Golden Gate Park the Odd 
Fellows were there addressed by Governor Mark- 
ham and then dispersing, enjoyed the sights of the 
Fair. Later, May, the Grand Lodge, on motion of 
J. L. Robinette, accepted the invitation of the 
Board of Directors and became their guest at the 
Fair. 



CALIFORNIA ODD FELLOWSHIP. 21^ 

Six months previous, November, 1893, the Grand 
Lodge buried with full funeral honors W. B. Lyons, 
the Grand Secretary since 1874, the head and front 
of the Order. He died suddenly at his home in 
Alameda on November 4:th, 1893, of apoplexy, and 
November 8th, from the Assembly hall of the Odd 
Fellows' building he was buried. An eloquent 
eulogy was pronounced by William H. Barnes, and 
the funeral cortege was the largest fraternal pro- 
cession ever seen in San Francisco. The body was 
taken to the Oakland mole and brothers and friends 
accompanied "the dead" to Auburn. 

"No further seek his merits to disclose, 

Or draw his frailties from their dread abode. 

There they alike in trembling hope repose. 
The bosom of his Father and his God." 

The place made vacant by the death of the 
Grand Secretary was filled by the appointment of 
Brother George T. Shaw, an expert bookkeeper, he 
having previously been called by the Trustees to 
expert the Grand Secretary's books. When the 
Grand Ix)dge assembled in May, 1894, they 
appointed a committee to put in order the grave of 
W. B. Lyons at a cost not to exceed |300.00, and 
immediately after the vote, nominations were 
made for Grand Secretar3\ Nine brothers were 
desirous of the office— W. B. Tilford, S. B. Smith, 
George T. Shaw, R. B. Roll, Robert Burns, H. D. 



^14 CALIFORNIA Ot>t) li^LLOWSHII*. 

Richardson, W. S. Potter, J. L. Bates and W. F. 
Xorcross. The three favorites were S. B. Smith 
of Sacramento, 116 votes; H. D. Richardson of 
Vallejo, 173 ; and George T. Shaw of San Francisco, 
295. On the second ballot Smith received 124 
votes, Richardson 265 and Shaw 418. 

Lyons was the first boomer for an increased 
membership, and if you look at his report for 1888, 
you will find, for the first time, a list by counties, 
of all voters and Odd Fellows in California, pre- 
ceded by this command: 

"Brothers, go to Avork and bring your 
counties up to the average. You can do 
this * * *by preaching the gospel of 
Odd Fellowship to all your neighbors, 
showing them that good faith and virtue 
are the peculiar characteristics of all Odd 
Fellows." 

When the Grand Lodge's first half century. May, 
1903, passed into the records of time, there was 
installed into the Grand Warden's chair W. W. 
Phelps of No. 282, Riverside. All along through 
this history since 1894 we have seen the pushing, 
energetic character of the representative from 
orange land, and when in 1904 he was installed as 
Grand Master, he brought to that office the same 
life and energy he had displayed in the Lodge. 
Every Grand Master has some keynote of action, 
and his keynote was numbers. So in his Lodge 



CALIFORNIA ODD FELLOWSHIP. 215 

visitations he uroxMi the brothers to go into the high- 
ways and byways and bring in all of the worthy 
young men. Brushing aside all of the conservative 
ideas of the fathers, he issued a proclamation to 




JOHN G^ATTAN, P. G. 
Brother John was initiated into Olive Leaf Lodge, Penn- 
sylvania,, in 1847. He came to California with his brother 
Charles and joining Charity , No. 6, February 21, 1852, was in 
July, 1855, installed by Past Grand Master Parker as its 
fifth Noble Grand. 



the lodges, to make their regular meeting night 
nearest to March 26th a great 40,000-night, that 
night Uy so increase tlunr membership, either by 
initiations, reinstatement of members or by deposit 
of card, as to make the membership equal or exceed 
40,000. The Lodges went to work with a will, and 
the result has exceeded the expectations of the 



^16 CALIFORNIA ODD FELLOWSHllt*. 

most sanguine, as the full returns Avill show an 
increase for the year July to July, exceeding 3,300, 
Avith a total membership over 40,000. '^Grand 
Master Phelps' term will break the record and 
score the largest gain of any year in the history of 
California Odd Fellowship," New Age, April, 1906. 
Sure the largest gain previously was in 1869, 1,765, 
that was the year the Central Pacific was 
completed. 

We have not yet forgotten the terrible news that 
came by telegraph May 31st, 1889, of the terrible 
loss of life and property at Johnstown, Pennsyl- 
vania, by the sudden breaking of the immense dam 
that held back Conamugh lake. Suddenly the dam 
^gave way and an immense body of water, three 
miles long and a mile wide, went rushing eighteen 
miles down the valley, carrying everything before 
its solid twenty-foot wall. Over five thousand were 
drowned and hundreds of Odd Fellows and their 
families left destitute. The appeal of Grand Mas- 
ter Jenkins to the California Odd Fellows was not 
in vain. 

^'Let us show to the world that the hand of 
an Odd Fellow is ahvays open to a 
brother," 

He said,- and generously the Lodges responded. 
Two hundred and thirty Lodges sent »|4,413 to the 
Grand Secretary, and telegraphing to John B. 



CALIFORNIA ODD FELLOWSHIP 217 

Nicholson |2000, of the amount he inquired, "Is 
any more needed?" The response came back: 
"Thanks for the generous contribution. If 
any more is needed will advise you." 

No further call being made, the Secretary 
returned the surplus |2,240 to the contributing 
Lodges. 

Another disaster more terrible in effect was the 
great tidal wave September 8tli, 1900, at Galveston, 
Texas. Tens of thousands of lives were lost 
and millions of dollars' worth of property 
destroyed, but the great sorrow of the nation at 
that period, the assassination and death of Presi- 
dent McKinley overshadowed this sectional sorrow. 
Nevertheless the great heivrt of humanity went out 
to them, and so bounteous was the money, pro- 
visions and clothing sent to Galveston, |1,741 of 
the $3,285 sent by the California Odd Fellows to 
their Texas brothers was returned to tliem. 

In this disaster perished Past Grand Master E. 
J. Smith and his family, he of whom it Avas said, 
"No light shines brighter in tlie work of Odd 
Fellowship than that of Past Grand blaster Smith." 

It was during his term of office that Truth 
Lodge, No. 55, was instituted by J. P. Spooner, C. 
C. Keniston and others. Brother Spooner is not 
only a cliarter member of No. 55, but he is also a 
charier member of Pacific, No. 155, and Rainbow 



218 CALIFORNIA ODD FELLOWSHIP. 

Eebekah, No. 97, he being initiated in Yerba Buena, 
No. 15, when quite a young man. His life work, 
however, has been in No. 55, which was instituted 
December 18th, 1884, with a charter list of 
twenty-five, not one taken from the Stockton sister 
Lodges, 119 being initiated the same night, the 
largest initiation but one ever in the United States. 
'jMie brothers of Charity and Stockton Lodges 
assisted in the initiatory work, and at its con- 
clusion, the baby Lodge, already of immense pro- 
portions, enjoyed a banquet prepared by their 
brother pioneers. 

The celebration of great events usually takes 
place in San Francisco, that being the social center 
of the coast, and in October, 1899, the Odd Fellows 
there assembled by the thousands to celebrate the 
golden Anniversary of California Lodge, No. 1. 
(jreat preparations had been made for a three- 
days' jubilee, commencing October 18th, and in all 
the history of fraternal organizations this was the 
best. On the evening of the first day, in the 
Mechanics Pavilion there was a musical program 
of instrumental solo and chorus singing, a poem by 
Robert H. Taylor, the first Noble Grand of the 
Lodge, and addresses by Grand Master Bonynge, 
M^ M. Estee and Karl C. Brueck, Past Grand Mas- 
ter. The pavilion was crowded, the admittance 
being by badge, made of metal and costing 50 
cents. 



CALIFORNIA ODD FELLOWSHIP. 219 

The second was the big da}^, the day of the 
parade. Over 10,000 were in line, Subordinates 
and Encampments, children from the Orphans' 
Home and Odd Fellows' Home from Thermalito, 
Cantons and Rebekahs. In the evening there was 
Canton exhibition and prize drilling for cash 
prizes. 

Friday was the day of excursions to El Campo, 
Mt. Tamalpias and other points, the festival ending 
w ith a monster pavilion ball. 

The splendid celebration of 1899 seems to have 
created an enthusiasm for more' events of a similar 
character, and in 1900 Grand llepresentatives Karl 
C. Brueck and W. ^^^ .^^^atson were instructed to 
invite the Sovereign Grand Ix>dge to California 
the following year.' They declined the invitation, 
as their treasury was nearly empty. Much to the 
surprise of the Californians, "without an invita- 
tion," they passed a resolution to assemble in San 
Francisco, September 19th, 1904. Our Repre- 
sentatives, William NichoUs and W. W. Watson, 
protested against their coming, they giving as their 
reason that the National Con(*lave of Knight 
Templars was there to assemble in Septeml)er, 
1904, and the Lodges and citizens woifld be heavily 
taxed, in providing entertainment for two grand 
iKxlies. That was just the point, and the Supreme 
Body, in their resolution voting for San Francisco, 
said: 



220 CALIFORNIA ODD FELLOWSHIP. 

"That it does not expect any entertainment 
* * * and it is the request * * * 
that the brothers dispense * * * 
with all matters that will necessitate the 
expenditure of any money for receptions 
or entertainments. In the future we do not 
desire the elaborate entertainments here- 
tofore so generously exhibited to this 
Order/' 

There could not be spoken a plainer statement of 
the Grand Lodge's desire, but nevertheless, as the 
Californians were known abroad for their hospi- 
tality, the Knights had spared no expense to 
entertain their Sir Knights, in a manner worthy of 
the days of chivalry, the Odd Fellows believed they 
could do no less than receive their Sovereign Three 
Linked brethren in a courtly reception, more 
especially since they visit us only thrice in a half 
century, they the representatives of the wealth, in- 
telligence, position and sound morality from every 
State. 

The Executive Committee, representing all the 
Lodges, Encampments and Rebekahs of the State, 
resolved in one of their meetings that |20,000 
should cover all the expense, but the magnificent 
electrical display ctiused them at the last moment 
to change their opinion. To continue this display 
over Odd Fellow week and change the emblems 
cost several thousand dollars extra. The citizens 



CALIFORNIA ODD FELLOWSHIP. 221 

were called upon, and so liberally did they contri- 
bute to the electrical fund, the Odd Fellows had 
money to burn, and 60 per cent of the amount was 
returned to the individual subscribers. 

The committee resolved at first that contribu- 
tions should be solicited within the Order only, 
and further, to obtain money they sold a silver 
medallion badge at 50 cents each, this admitting 
wearer to all entertainments, and a history of 
"Fifty Years of California Odd Fellowship" for 
25 cents. It was a paper covered book over 300 
pages, filled with advertisements, biographical and 
historical sketches and netted the committee 
several thousand dollars. 

"Our guests," arriving September 17th, sight- 
seeing on their journey, were met at the Ferry by 
hundreds of brethren and escorted to their head- 
quarters, the Palace hotel, by the Oakland and San 
Francisco Patriarch Militant. 

They were accorded a public Avelcome September 
19th in the Assembly hall of the I. O. O. F. building 
by J. W. Linscott, Grand Master, Dora Gardner, 
Grand President, Mayor Schmitz and William H. 
Barnes, Grand Scribe, the Patriarch remarking 
that the Grand Sire, who stood by his side, 
was a little boy when he (Barnes) left Georgia. 
The Grand Sire, William Goodwin, responded to 
all the speeches of welcome. The Lodge then form- 



222 CALIFORNIA ODD FELLOWSHIP. 

ing in line, under the escort of the Patriarch Mili- 
tant, Washington No. 1, of Washington, D. C, lead- 
ing to the music of Brother Todd's band, marched 
to Native Sons' hall, where the SoA^ereign Grand 
Lodge held their sessions. 

During the week there were various entertain- 
ments, concerts, dancing, excursions, dre^s parades 
and prize drills. But the great day was 
the parade day, Friday, September 23d, 
the S. G. L. refusing to take any part 
until they had finished their business. As the 
committee had intended, this parade was the 
largest and most beautiful of any ever seen upon 
the Pacific Coast. It was a parade grand and in- 
spiring, and in numbers, variety and beauty far 
exceeded the Knights Templar parade of the pre- 
vious week, although they had in line the Bostonian 
Knights, each wearing a uniform representing 
15,000 or more. To make this procession a grand 
success, the committee offered cash prizes of |T5^ 
and more for the largest city lodge in line, the lodge 
making the best display, the largest interior lodge, 
the handsomest float, and the finest Rebekah lodge. 
The Rebekahs made a beautiful appearance, they 
having some ten or twelve of the fifteen magnificent 
floats, one, the orphan children from their Home. 

Many wondered at the grandeur and beauty of 
the electrical display, and it was pronounced the 



CAUFORNIA ODD FELLOWSHIP. 223 

finest ever seen outside of New York. Each even- 
ing, Market street, from the ferry up some two 
miles distiint, was a ll(K>d of dazzling light. Many 
of the prominent buildings were beautifully dec- 
orated, and the overhanging bell, near the Ex- 
aminer, Call and Chronicle buildings Avas a mag- 
nificent, gorgeous display of electrical art 



(a) "We have seen," said an ancient Odd Fellow, "men 
reeling into and out of the lodge room, so under the influence 
of liquor as to be the objects of loathing and pity." The 
author, himself, as late as 1885, saw a brother, stupefied with 
liquor, fall asleep in the lodge room and snore so loudly they 
were obliged to awaken him. 

(b) Think of it! A saloon not necessarily disreputable? 
Why that committee report would not have stood a minute in 
the Iowa Grand Lodge, for that body in 1870 passed a law that 
no saloon keeper or liquor dealer could become a member of 
the Order. Nor in the Masonic Grand Lodge, Michigan, for 
they declared in 1868 that the manufacture and sale of intoxi- 
cating liquors, for use or as a beverage, is a Masonic offense, 
punishable by suspension or expulsion. 

Barnes at this time declared Masonry did not go far enough 
— it should have expelled the liquor drinker, also. "It be- 
hooves our Order to so clearly define its position that none 
may make a mistake as to what are its teachings or as to 
where it stands on this important question. * * * Impera- 
tive are our laws that Odd Fellowship and intemperance are 
antagonistic, and that no drunkard can be an Odd Fellow, in 
spirit and in truth." 



CHAPTER XIV. 

GRAND MASTERS OF CALIFORNIA 

Grand Masters and interesting facts regarding 

tliem, the lodge to which they belonged, and the 

time and age when installed and the place, date, 

place of death and final rest: 

Parker, Samuel H., lawyer, No. 3, 1853 ; 34 ; March 
14, 1866, San Francisco; San Francisco I. O. 
O. F. cemetery, San Francisco. 

Morse, John F., physician. No. 2, 1854; 39; Decem- 
ber 30, 1874, San Francisco ; I. O. O. F. ceme- 
tery, San Francisco. 

Colt, Edwin W., agent. No. 6, 1855; 30; June 19, 
1869, Stockton Rural cemetery. 

Hueston, H. M., merchant. No. 5, 1856; 29; 1892, 
Nice, France. 

Watson, Wm. H., merchant. No. 4, 1857; 46; Sep- 
tember 28, 1898, San Francisco. 

Van Bokkelen, John L., No. 17, 1858; June 29, 
1873, Virginia City, Nev. 

Alexander, L. L., superintendent. No. 10, 1859; 29; 
May 27, 1904, Fair Play, Placerville. 

Allen, Wm., No. 57, 1860; October 8, 1866, Phila- 
delphia. 

Kibbe, Thomas R., physician. No. 24, 1861. 

Bohen, J. A. J., No. 15, 1862; 34; May 25, 1867, San 
Francisco; I. O. O. F. cemetery. 



CALIFORNIA ODD FELLOWSHIP. 225 

Kendall, David, No. 3, 1863; 43; October 25, 1869, 
Sacramento. 

McClelland, John M., merchant. No. 3, 1864; 48; 
September 21, 1884, San Francisco; I. O. O. F. 
cemetery. 

Burton, Charles O., bookseller, No. 6, 1865; 34. 

Randolph, I. N., agent. No. 31, 1866; 40; March 25, 
1883, Sutter Creek; Sutter Creek cemetery. 

Fox, Charles N., lawyer. No. 109, 1867; 38; May 1, 
1904, Oakland; Mountain View cemetery. 

Haswell, Charles H., physician, No. 100, 1868 ; Sep- 
tember 21, 1893, Oakland; Sacramento cem- 
etery. 

Harmon, John B., laAvyer, No. 123; 45; February 
27, 1899, Oakland; Mountain View cemetery. 

Dannals, Charles W., lawyer. No. 67, 1870; 45; 
August 31, 1893, San Juan. 

Hill, John B., rector. No. 87, 1871; 55; October 27, 
1896, Berkeley; San Mateo cemetery. 

Bradford, A. C, lawyer. No. 39, 1872; 47; February 
19, 1890, Guerneyville; Rural cemetery, Stock- 
ton. 

Gurnett, Wm. J., agent. No. 118, 1873. 

Miller, Jacob F., No. 17, 1874; June 5, 1884, San 
Francisco. 

Welty, D. W., No. 2, 1875; 53; March 23, 1891, 
Portland; Sacramento cemetery. 

Tilden, H. J., lawyer, No. 124, 1876. 



226 CALIFORNIA ODD FELLOWSHIP. 

Dann, Frederick P., lawyer, ^o. 15, 1877 ; 41 ; Sep- 
tember 27, 1884, San Francisco. 

Randall, Charles H., editor and lawyer, No. 10, 
1878; 54; October 31, 1891, San Francisco. 

Case, Geo. H., dentist, No. 71, 1879; 31; April 7, 
1889, San Francisco. 

Pearson, Ezra, carpenter. No. 87, 1880 ; 46. 

Louderback, David, lawyer. No. 15, 1881 ; 39. 

Freer, Leon D., judge. No. 47, 1882; September 19, 
1889; San Francisco cemetery. 

^[orrow, Wm. W., judge. No. 123, 1883; 39. 

Smith, E. P., No. 253, 1884; September 8, 1901; 
drowned in Galveston, Texas. 

Cook, Nathaniel, No. 52, 1885; December 3, 1898, 
Santa Clara. 

McEachran, Charles T., No. 167, 1886. 

Bruner, EdAvin, lawyer. No. 2, 1887 ; 31. 

Lloyd, Reuben H., lawyer. No. 15; 53; 1888. 

Jenkins, C. N., No. 45, 1889. 

Glasson, John, No. 12, 1890. 

Wilson, J. N. E., lawyer. No. 171, 1891; 1901. 

Stockwell, Geo. W., No. 325, 1892. 

Thompson, James L., editor. No. 221, 1893 ; 49. 

Simpson, J. H., lawyer. No. 3, 1884; 38. 

Gosbey, P. F., lawyer. No. 142, 1895. 

Warboys, John W., lawyer. No. 53, 1896. 

Drew, A. M., lawyer. No. 186, 1897. 

Brueck, Karl C, bookkeeper. No. 11, 1898; 31. 



CALIFORNIA ODD FELLOWSHIP. 227 

Bonynge, W. A., agent, No. 323, 1899. 
Watson, W. W., lawyer. No. 222, 1900; 38. 
Nicholls, Wm., banker. No. 124, 1901; 51. 
Gill, Milton G., lawyer, No. 76, 1902. 
Baker, C, W., No. 2, 1903. 
Linscott, J. W., superintendent. No. 90, 1904. 
IMielps, W. W., County Clerk, No. — , 1905. 
Bell, Theodore A., lawyer. No. 18, 1906; 33. 

The idol of the Germanic Odd Fellowship is John Frederick 
Morse, and California Odd Fellowship paid their highest honor 
when they erected a beautiful costly life-sized statute of him 
who sleeps beneath. They did well, for he it was who failed 
not — faltered not in well doing — never. His character shines 
as one of the brightest among the pioneers, and every Odd 
Fellow points with exultant pride to his work for humanity. 

One of the Green Mountain boys, Vermont, he was born 
December 27, 1815, and at the age of 27 he was practicing 
medicine. Two years later, 1844, he was initiated into Atlantic 
Lodge, No. 50, Brooklyn, New York, and passing through the 
chairs he next sailed for California on the ship Humboldt, and 
arriving August, 1849, went to Sacramento. There Morse 
found plenty of misery and distress, and it was marvelous the 
amount of time, skill and money he gave in relieving the sick 
and the needy. A charter member of Sacramento, No. 2, he 
represented that lodge in the first Grand Lodge, and his sub- 
sequent lodge history is already recorded. 

Morse was not only a physician, but a writer, he writing the 
history of the Sacramento valley, and previously editing the 
Sacramento Union. "He was," says Dwinelle, "ardent in 
everything he undertook; fierce in attack and resolute in 
defense." 

In the galaxy of portraits of Grand Masters that hang in the 
Grand Secretary's oflSce, silent monuments of a half century, 
one Is not there, Edwin W. Colt. Out in Rural cemetery, 
Stockton, In a neglected ^rave he lies, and upon an old moss- 



228 CALIFORNIA ODD FELLOWSHIP. 

covered tombstone I read these lines. "Born in Greensboro, 
Georgia, May 5th, 1825; died June 19th, 1869." 

One of the most prominent firms of San Francisco was the 
clothing firm of Hueston & Hastings. H. M. Hueston, the 
senior of this firm, occupies a peculiar position in Grand Lodge 
history, the only brother twice presiding as Grand Master, 
E. W. Colt, in the session of 1855, failing to appear, although 
in sound health and strength. Hueston was a Philadelphia 
Past Grand before coming to California, and on arrival he 
joined San Francisco, No. 3; afterwards Sacramento, No. 2, 
and finally Yerba Buena, No, 15. He made a fortune in his 
business, and in 1882 he went to Nice, France, with his family, 
to reside. 

Another curious incident was the oflicial uplifting of 
Wm. W. Watson, he being elected Grand Master from the floor, 
Warren Heaton, the Deputy Grand Master, declining to serve. 
He was born in New Jersey in 1810, became an Odd Fellow in 
New Orleans in 1846, came to California in August, 1850, and 
dying at the age of 88 years, his was the longest life of all of 
the pioneer Grand Masters. 

The death of John L. Van Bokkelen, in Virginia City, Nev., 
killed by an explosion of giant powder, is the one tragic death 
of the list. Uniting with No. 3 by card, in 1854, he was elected 
Deputy Grand Master from the floor in 1857. A very popular 
brother, he was prominent in the San Francisco fire depart- 
ment as foreman of Sansome Hook and Ladder Company for 
the first three years of its existence, and later a police officer 
of the Vigilance Committee of 1856. With the rush of the 
silver seekers he went to Vinginia City, and was installed as 
a Grand Master of Odd Fellows in that jurisdiction. 

The Grand Lodge has published four digests, the pioneer 
in that work being L. L. Alexander, he compiling the first 
digest, a book of about 200 pages, in 1865, the Lodge paying 
him for his six months' work $600. Brother Alexander, as the 
Grand Lodge attendant, was the record breaker, he being 
absent but three sessions from 1855 to 1903. Born in New 
Hampshire, 1828, he was initiated into the Order at the age of 
21, arriving in California in 1850, and became a charter mem- 
ber of Sonora, No. 10. He was one of the organizers of the 



CALIFORNIA ODD FELLOWSHIP. 229 

Veteran Association, and in 1883 he began his fight for the 
eighteen-year law, but met with no success in the S. G. L., 
although the California Lodge always favored it. 

"Wm. Allen was an old white-haired man when I knew him 
in 1861," said Moses Stinchfield. He was a pioneer and a char- 
ter member of Shasta lodge, and, elected with Columbus 
Bartlett as a representative to the Body Supreme, he died in 
Philadelphia soon after his arrival East, of cholera, he having 
contracted the disease while crossing the Isthmus of Panama. 

Bohen, a warm friend of Past Grand Master Parker, dying 
a few months later, was buried with Parker upon the crest of 
the hill, A member of Yerba Buena, No. 15, a short time 
before his death, he sent for the brothers then in session, to 
come and visit him. Many attended, among them J. P. 
Spooner, now of Truth, No. 55, and standing around his dying 
couch he admonished the brethren to live sober lives and be 
true to Odd Fellowship. 

Daniel McLaren, the big-hearted Scotch Odd Fellow, expect- 
ing to leave the State, resigned as Deputy Grand Master, and 
David Kendall became Grand Master. He is said to have been 
a brother of very high intelligence, and the smooth work of 
the organization of the first Grand Lodge is due to him. His 
zeal for Odd Fellowship was greater than his physical strength, 
and over exerting himself in his attention to the Sovereign 
Grand Lodge he died a month later, October, 1869. 

The only living pioneer Grand Master is C. O. Burton, and 
he it was who made the first Grand Master's written report. 
A» long as his strength would permit, he was a deeply inter- 
ested church and Sunday school worker and a political leader. 
He is now, and has been for many years, a Grand Trustee. 

In the lodge room of Bay View, No, 109, there hangs a 
picture of their first Noble Grand, Charles Nelson Fox. They 
prize highly that portrait, for it represents him who "when we 
were not able to provide ourselves with a comfortable lodge 
room, he secured one for us at his own expense," said Brother 
Tegus, in 1868, as he presented that picture. Fox, too, was a 
joker, and when the lodge were starting their library he 
entered the lodge room one evening pushing a wheelbarrow 
load of valuable books, and they wondered how he got up 
stairs. 



230 CALIFORNIA ODD FELLOWSHIP. 

Fox then was in middle life, he living with wife and 
children in "a vine-covered cottage" in Redwood City. He 
called it "The Odd Fellows' Home for Grand Masters," and he 
declared on their visits to No. 109 "they must go there to keep 
up the reputation of the hotel." 

But there was years later another home in which he took 
great interest and labored hard, the I. O. O. F. Home; and 
when a building was ready for the aged brothers and sisters, 
Grand Master Gosbey declared: "To Past Grand Master Fox 
is due our highest commendation and praise for the work he 
has done for the Home, and the time and sacrifices he has 
made." 

Fox was a charter member of Bay View, and upon their 
tenth anniversary, October 4th, 1872, they presented him 
with an elegant gold Howard movement watch. He was then 
a Past Grand Master, and at the close of his term he declared: 
"He who has received the honors of our Order has no right to 
rest upon those honors, and I shall therefore still be found an 
active worker in the ranks of Odd Fellowship." The 
record shows that he kept his word, and in 1903 we find in the 
Journal, Charles N. Fox, of Porter, No. 272, one of the Com- 
mittee on State of the Order. 

In 1880 he was an Assemblyman from Alameda county, and 
in 1889 he was appointed by Governor Waterman as Associate 
Judge of the Supreme Court. 

He was a large, strong well proportioned brother, our 
Grand Master of 1871, John B. Hill, the highly honored Episco- 
pal clergyman, and it was a sad, pathetic scene when this 
venerable brother some twenty-three years later, then almost 
entirely blind, was led up the broad aisle of the assembly hall 
to a seat on the platform. As he passed along "the great 
throng of brothers arose to their feet, and with reverence and 
in solemn silence gave welcome and homage to this noble 
apostle of Odd Fellowship." The Past Grand Master always 
had a warm place in his heart for Odd Fellowship, and he 
maintained his interest and his love for it to the very last 
moment of his life. 

"Why, I could sit up all night to hear him talk," said "Old 
Kentuck," of Shasta. He referred to Frederick P. Dann, Grand 



CALIFORNIA ODD FELLOWSHIP. 231 

Master, whose life so suddenly went out in 1884. Dann was a 
very active Odd Fellow. He joined Yerba Buena, No. 15, by 
card from Crusade, No. 93, 1861, and for over nine years he 
was an officer in the lodge. Later he took up the cause and 
the defense of the Daughters of Rebekah, and he had quite a 
warm newspaper discussion with Fox regarding their advance- 
ment towards self government. Dann was honored by them 
as the first Noble Grand of the first Rebekah lodge, California, 
his wife being his Right Supporter. For three terms he was 
their presiding officer, and January 6th, 1872, they gave him a 
silver table service. 

Sonora Lodge, No. 10, has the distinguished honor of send- 
ing to the Grand Lodge two Grand Masters, Alexander and 
Randall. "Randall," said an old timer, "was a Connecticut 
Democrat, politician and lawyer. He was at different periods 
the Clerk, Under Sheriff and Judge of Tuolumne county, and 
he was editor and proprietor of the Sonora Democrat." 
Initiated in the East in 1846, he joined No. 10 by card in 1853, 
and removing to San Francisco in 1876, his Sonora brethren 
gave him a gold-headed cane. 

The first Grand Master from south of Tehachapi was 
George W. Stockwell, from East Side, No. 325, Los Angeles. 

The first Grand Master native son was J. N. E. Wilson. 
The first Grand Lodge Journal portrait was J. L. Thompson 
of Eureka. 

The death of Charles Gault placed Deputy Grand Master 
John Glasson in the Grand Master's chair, and the death of 
J. L. Robinette, September 3d, 1899, gave to W. W. Watson 
the same position. 



232 CALIFORNIA ODD FELLOWSHIP. 

THE SUBORDINATE LODGES OF EASTERN 
CALIFORNIA, 



Their name, number and present location, the time, 
place and by whom instituted, and their last re- 
ported membership : 



CALAVERAS COUNTY. 

Hope No. 33, Angels Camp, December 21, 1855, by James 
Letford, P. G., under a dispensation from the Standing 
Committee. Membership, 59. 

Mokelumne No. 44, Mokelumne Hill, October 23, 1855, by 
Edwin W. Colt, G. M. Membership, 75. 

San Andreas No. 50, San Andreas, June 4, 1856, by Grand 
Master Colt. Membership, 85. 

Campo Seco No. 66, Jenny Lind, January 23, 1857, by M. C. 
Ferguson, D. D. G. M. Membership, 33. The lodge was 
instituted in Chinese Camp. 

Sharon No. 86, Murphys Camp, June 8, 1859, by L. L. Alexan- 
der, G. M. Membership, 46. This lodge was instituted 
in Vallecito. 

Mineral No. 106, Copperopolis, September 6, 1862. Member- 
ship, 61. 

Independence No. 158, Railroad Fl?it, April 24, 1868, by C. B. 
Hopkins, D. D. G. M. Membership, 17. 

West Point No. 299, West Point, November 3, 1882, by B. T. 
Thompson, D. D. G. M. Membership, 53. 

FRESNO COUNTY. 

Clovis No. 139, Clovis, December 11, 1903, by C. W. Baker, 

G. M. iviembership, 40. This lodge took the number of 

Gold Run Lodge (extinct). Placer county. 
Laton No. 148, Laton, March 30, 1904, by M. A. Morgan, 

D. D. G. M. Membership, 40. Laton took the Havilah 

Lodge (extinct) number. 
Fresno No. 186, Fresno, February 13, 1871, by C. W. Dannals, 

G. M. Membership, 336. The lodge was instituted at 

Millerton. 
Orangedale No. 211, Kings River, March 8, 1898, by A. M. 

Drew, G. M. Membership 28. Kings River Lodge held 

this number before its consolidation. 



CALIFORNIA ODD FELLOWSHIP. 233 

Selma No. 309, Selma, September 27, 1883, by W. H. McKensie, 

D. D. G. M. Membership, 70. 
Central California No. 343, Fresno, June 13, 1888, by George 

Matheson, D. D. G. M. Membership, 187. 
Fowler No. 363, Fowler, July 12, 1890, by John Glasson, G. M. 

Membership, 65. 
Mt. Campbell No. 374, Reedley, April 1, 1892, by A. M. Drew, 

D. D. G. M. Membership, 48. 
Sanger No. 375, Sanger, April 25, 1892, A. M. Drew, D. D. G. M. 

Membership, 62. 

INYO COUNTY. 

Inyo No. 301, Independence, November 29, 1882, by S. D. 

Thurston, D. D. G. M. Membership, 29. 
Bishop Creek No. 332, Bishop, May 30, 1887, by S. D. Thurston, 

D. D. G. M. Membership, 44. 

KINGS COUNTY. 

Hanford No. 264, Hanford, August 3, 1877, by B. Baer, 

D. D. G. M. Membership, 78. 
Lucerne No. 275, Hanford, October 16, 1902, by George T. 

Shaw, Grand Secretary. Membership, 51. 
Lemoore No. 280, Lemoore, formerly in Tulare county, March 

19, 1879, by J. M. Graves, D. D. G. M. Membership, 73. 

MADERA COUNTY. 

Madera No. 327, Madera, formerly in Fresno county. May 6, 
1886, by E. B. Lyman, D. D. G. M. Membership, 83. 

MARIPOSA COUNTY. 

Mariposa No. 39, Mariposa, May 21, 1855, by Grand Master 

Colt. Membership, 65. 
Hornitas No. 99, Hornitas, September 13, 1861, by R. S. Miller, 

D. D. G. M. Membership, 41. 

Coulterville No 104, Coulterville, October 31, 1861, by J. R. J. 

Bohen, G. M. Membership, 49, 
Oso No. 110, Bear Valley, October 18, 1862, by Grand Master 

Bohen. Membership, 22. 

MERCED COUNTY. 

Mt. Brow No. 82, Los Banos, December 16, 1858, by L. L. 

Alexander, D. D. G. M. Membership, 57. The lodge was 

instituted in Chinese Camp. 
Willow No. 121, Snellings, August 22, 1865, by C. O. Burton, 

G. M. Membership, 82. 
Santa Rita No. 124, Dos Palos, June 18, 1904, by A. M. 



234 CALIFORNIA ODD FELLOWSHIP. 

Williams, D. D. G. M. Membership, 11. The lodge took 
the number of the extinct lodge. 
Merced No. 208, Merced, September 21, 1872, by John F. Miller, 
G. M. Membership, 167. 

SAN JOAQUIN COUNTY. 

Charity No. 6, Stockton, February 14, 1852, by E. G. Green- 
field, under a dispensation issued by D. G. Sire E. G. 

Coughlin. Membership, 359. 
Stockton No. 11, Stockton, June 24, 1854, by E. W. Colt, G. W. 

Membership, 227. 
Truth No. 55, Stockton, December 18, 1884, by G. W. Gallup, 

D. D. G. M. Membership, 375. 
Mt Horeb No. 58, Ripon, May 27, 1856, by L. L. Alexander, 

D. D. G. M. Membership, 48. The lodge was instituted 

at Sonora. 
Jefferson No. 98, Woodbridge, August 2, 1860, by C. O. Burton, 

D. D. G. M. Membership, 59. 
Scio No. 102, Linden, June 13, 1861, by C. H. Covell, D. D. G. M. 

Membership, 77. 
Sumner No 177, Tracy, September 1, 1870, by C. W. Dannals, 

G. M. Membership, 109. This lodge was instituted in 

Ellis. 
Lodi No. 259, Lodi, May 22, 1877, by F. P. Dann, G. M. 

Membership, 87. 
Farmington No. 296, Farmington, July 11, 1882, by D. W. 

Keiver, D. D. G. M. Membership, 34. 
Clements No. 355, Clements, December 4, 1889, by Wm. Ennis, 

D. D. G. M. Membership, 56. 

STANISLAUS COUNTY. 

Lafayette No. 65, La Grange, June 14, 1857, by Grand Secre- 
tory Johnson. Membership, 69. 

Wildey No. 149, Modesto, November 10, 1868, by George Buck, 
D. D. G. M. Membership, 159. The lodge was instituted 
in Tuolumne City. 

Stanislaus No. 170, Knights Ferry, April 18, 1870, by John 
Harmon, G. M. Membership, 34. 

Oakdale No. 228, Oakdale, February 27, 1875, by John F. Miller, 
G. M. Membership, 54. 

Orestimba No. 354, Newman, November 25, 1889. Member- 
ship, 88. 

TUOLUMNE COUNTY. 

Sonora No. 10, Sonora, June 7, 1853, by E. W. Colt, Grand 
Warden. Membership, 218. 



CALIFORNIA ODD FELLOWSHIP. 235 

Tuolumne No. 21, Columbia, January 19, 1854, by Grand Sec- 
retary Johnson. Membership, 138. 

Yosemite No. 97, Big Oak Flat, 1861, by J. N. Milner, D. D. 
G. M. Membership, 51. 

TULARE COUNTY. 

Tulare City No. 306, Tulare, April 30, 1882, by C. H. Murphy, 

D. D. G. M. Membership, 163. 
Exeter No. 308, EJxeter, January 13, 1898, by A. M. Drew, G. M. 

Membership, 20. The lodge took the number of Star of 

Hope, El Dorado county. 
Lake No. 333, Tulare, June 15, 1887, by W. W. Cross. Member- 
ship, 73. 
Mt. Whitney No. 342, Travers, May 31, 1888, by W, W. Cross, 

D. D. G. M. 
Porterville No. 359, Porterville, May 9, 1890, by W. W. Cross, 

D. D. G. M. Membership, 69. 
Dinuba No. 381, Dinuba, December 12, 1892, by A. M. Drew, 

D. D. G. M. Membership, 82. 



236 CALIFORNIA ODD FELLOWSHIP. 



I NDEIX- 

Alexander, L. L., biography, 228. 

Allen, Wm., biography, 229. 

Anniversary day, our — California first celebrates, 44. 

Appropriation, Fox expends more than, 9G — annual, 109. 

Austin, Frank, brotherhood, opinion of, 42 — assists in found- 
ing Germanic Order, 121. 

Australia knocks at the door, 113 — Meacham, there founds 
Odd Fellowship, 115. 

Burton, Charles O., active in politics, G4 — biography, 229. 

Barnes, Wm. H., locates in California, 89 — ^composes and 
sings song, 121 — biography, 155 — opposes Cantons, 1G2 — 
denounces intemperance, 223. 

Bohen, J. A. J., his visitation unexcelled, 97 — death and 
burial, 229. 

Bohen, Geo. T., organizes Golden Gate Batallion, 162. 

Brockway, Silas A., Grand Warden, 127— death, 128, 138. 

California Lodge, No. 1, instituted, 12 — work in foreign lands, 
110. 

Case, Geo. A., biography, 152— opposes employment of Assist- 
ant Secretary, 153. 

Cemetery, I. O. O. F., purchase of San Francisco, 55-58 — 
prominent dead in, 56 — toll road to, 59. 

Colt, Edwin W., insulting report, 30^ — biography, 227. 

Chinese Grand Sire's decision on, 35 — Dwinelle speech against, 
37 — prohibited from working at the Home, 202. 

Colfax Schuler, visits California, 51 — confers Rebekah degrees, 
52, 58 — presented a cane, 52 — most popular man in 
public life, 58. 

Eigenbrodt, Charles L., killed at Shenandoah, 64 — Father of 
Crusade Lodge, 72. 

Encampment Grand, charter granted, 26 — instituted, 27 — 
Morse denounces it, 29 — votes for mergement, 34 — 
Geo. F. Roesch, Past Grand Patriarch, 28. 

Excelsior Lodge instituted, 9, 112 — visited by Wm. Fox, 113 — 
memorial to S. G. L., 37 — Martin White's plea for, 38 — 
Grand Secretary's blunder regarding, 113. 

Degrees, revision of, 174 — lodges vote on, 176 — first lodge to 
use new Ritual, 189. 

Dann, F. P. biography, 230. 



CALIFORNIA ODD FELLOWSHIP. 237 

Famsworth, Grand Sire, visits Templar lodge, 116 — sails for 
Germany, 118 — telegraphs for Morse, 119 — death of, 146; 
see Morse and Templar. 

Frazer, Alexander V., appointed as D. G. Sire, 10 — raises first 
I. O. O. F. flag, 11. 

Fox, Charles N., presents gavel to Grand Lodge, 58 — 
biography, 229. 

Gallup, Geo. W., appoints first woman deputy, 172 — 
biography, 181. 

Gunnison, A. J., shipwrecked, 75. 

Gurnett, W. J., appointed lodge instructor, 141 — oflBce 
abolished, 142. 

grands. Past, efforts to disfranchise, 103 — Warboy's shot at, 
106. 

Haswell, Charles S., patriotic speech, 65 — receives first Grand 
Lodge jewel, 130. 

Harmon, John B., biography, 127, 135— installed as D. G. Sire, 
131 — reorganizes lodges, 134-136 — installed as Grand 
Sire, 136. 

Hill, John B., visits Victoria Lodge, 140 — biography, 230. 

Home, Orphans, 169—1. O. O. F., the story of, 196. 

Hueston, H. M., biography, 228. 

Isaacks, Samuel, a good story of, 189. 

Johnson, Grand Secretary, a faithful officer, 80 — presented 
gold watch, 83 — death and burial, 84. 

Kendall, Davis, biography, 230. 

Louderback, Davis, the Rebekah's friend, 170. 

Lodges, pioneer, 16, 18 — give money to Garfield monument, 
69 — entertain Manila soldiers, 70 — loan coin to 
Meacham, 114 — send money to Morse, 122 — Truth, No. 
55, instituted, 218 — celebrate anniversary of California, 
No. 1, 218— list of subordinate, 232. 

Lodge, Grand, refused a charter, 21 — nunc pro tune warrant 
granted, 23 — organization of 24 — fight over mergement, 
30 — reception at Sacramento, 65 — refuse to appropriate 
money for Lincoln monument, 68 — resolutions to Gen- 
eral Lawton, 70 — greetings to McKinley, welcome to 
Roosevelt, 71 — purchase a banner, 86, 94 — a broad juris- 
diction of, 140 — special sessions of 150 — meet in San 
Jose, 178 — efforts to change assembly place, 179, 187, 
190— cities where assembled, 189. 

Los Angeles, growth of 190 — petition S. G. L. to meet in 192. 

Lyons, W. B., elected Grand Secretary, 85 — a valuable assist- 
ant, 177— death and burial, 2U. 



238 CALIFORNIA ODD FELLOWSHIP. 

Masters, Grand, amendment defeated permitting to vote, 102. 

Marysville, dedication of I. O. O. F. liall, 43. 

Morse, John F., maizes enemies, 30 — visits Germany, 116 — 
commissioned as Deputy Grand Sire, 120 — institutes 
Wurtemberg lodge, 121 — given grand reception, 124 — 
death and burial, 125 — biography, 227. 

Nicholls, Wm., long travel, 95 — receives deed for new Home, 
203. 

Nevada, in California jurisdiction, 110, 

O'Brien, invites G. L. to Vallejo, 82 — good story on, 94. 

Odd Fellows, oldest society on Pacific Coast, 9 — first lodge, 13 
— first oration, 46 — cemeteries, 55 — duty of 66 — true and 
loyal, 71— non-affiliating, 159— old, 58-139, 215. 

Odd Fellowship, the fires of 60 — growth of, 159. 

Patriarch, first uniforming of, 161, 172 — militant, 164 — oldest 
living, 190 — youngest grand, 209. 

Papers, New Age, history of, 41 — splendid Odd Fellow edi- 
tions, 181. 

Phelps, W. W., his splendid record as Grand Master, 216 — 
Lyons, the first boomer, 214—40,000 night, 215. 

Parker, Samuel H., biography, 17 — starts for California, 19 — 
defeated for Grand Sire, 20 — commissioned as D. G. 
Sire, 23 — elected Grand Master, 24 — insitutes encamp- 
ments, 26 — sudden death, 56. 

Porter, Nathan, favors mergement, 34 — entertains Sovereign 
Grand Lodge, 77 — orator at grand reunion, 87 — preaches 
sermon, 94 — death of, 90 — biography, 91 — funeral, 92 — 
Leman's eulogy, on 92. 

Polynesians, Barnes opposes, 39 — Grand Sire Ellison's 
decision on, 36 — not eligible, 37. 

Prohibition, first law, 6, a temperance lodge, 206 — law of 
1895, 211. 

Randall, Grand Master, visits out of beaten track, 98 — kills 
P. G. M. resolution, 102 — biography, 231. 

Rebekahs, first lodge, 128, 130— petition for State convention, 
164 — organization and officers of, 168 — organization of 
Assembly, 169 — vote to meet in Los Angeles, 189 — the 
California beautified work, 194 ; see Colfax. 

Ridgely, speech, 78 — presented cane, 79 — memorial service, 
137 — Canton named after, 163. 

Relief, associations, 15— for Chicago, 143— Michigan, 144— 
Marysville, 145 — southern, 147 — Johnstown, 216 — 
Galveston, 217 — Baltimore no, 149. 

Smith, E. P. death of, 217. 



CALIFORNIA ODD FELLOWSHIP. 5539 

Smiley, Thomas, obtains a dispensation, 11. 

Sacramento, dedicates I. O. O. F. hall, 45-146 — lays temple 
corner-stone, 77. 

San Francisco, dedicates hall, 43, 49, 185 — laying corner-stone, 
180 — library founded by Parker, 53. 

Sovereign Grand Lodge, organization of, 7 — changes name,7 — 
seceded from Manchester Unity, 8 — trapped on color 
line, 36 — ranks not broken by Civil War, 62 — Southern 
lodges return, 63 — invited to California, 75 — reception 
in California theater, 78 — excursions, 79 — grand re- 
union, 85 — authorizes Grand Sire to found Order in 
Germany, 115 — amends Constitution, 126 — meets in 
Los Angeles. 

Spooner, Alden, certificate of, 101. 

Spooner, J. Pitcher, father of No. 55, 217, 

Stockton, lodges first to celebrate anniversary, 44 — lay first 
corner-stone, 74 — dedicate hall, 73. 

Templar Lodge agrees to pay railroad expense, 76 — have silver 
badges manufactured, 94 — appropriate $1,200 to found 
Order, 116— zenith of fame, 126. 

Union resolutions, 62, 72. 

Van Bokkelen, John L., no time to visit, 96 — issues first anni- 
versary proclamation, 43, biography, 228. 

Veterans association, organization of, 88. 

Visitations, district, Freer first recommends, 98 — Brueck's 
improved plan adopted, 99. 

Watson, W. W., biography, 228. 

Woman, first D. D. G. M., 166— self reliant, 73. 

Wlldey, Thomas, sails for America, 3 — institutes Washington 
Lodge, 5 — death and memorial service, 47 — money for 
monument, 49. 

York at Lee, declares for brotherhood of man, 38 — strong 
opinion, 39 — birth place, 42. 



240 CALIFORNIA ODD FELLOWSHIP. 



NOTE. 

As this index goes to print the 
greater part of San Francisco is in 
ashes, caused by a heavy earthquake 
on the morning of April 18th, 1906, 
followed by a most disastrous fire. In 
its uncontrollable greed for destruction, 
the fire fiend carried everything be- 
fore it, and now San Francisco Odd 
Fellowship is practically gone. Build- 
ings, halls and records are all 
destroyed, and "the work of fifty years 
is blotted out." 

Grand Master Phelps, in a little 
room in Oakland, which serves the 
double purpose of an office and a bed- 
room, is working like a hero to re- 
lieve the distress of the suffering Odd 
Fellows and their families, and in the 
work of reconstruction. The late 
records of the Grand Lodge were 
saved by Grand Secretary Shaw and 
another brother, and June 5th the 
Grand Lodge will assemble in Santa 
Cruz. 



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